WorldWideScience

Sample records for bsc rao

  1. RAO Logic for Multiagent Framework

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Zhongzhi; TIAN Qijia; LI Yunfeng

    1999-01-01

    In this paper, we deal with how agentsreason about knowledge of others in multiagent system. We firstpresent a knowledge representation framework called reasoning aboutothers (RAO) which isdesigned specifically to represent concepts and rules used inreasoning about knowledge of others. From a class of sentences usuallytaken by people in daily life to reason about others, a rule called position exchange principle (PEP) is abstracted. PEP is described as anaxiom scheme in RAO and regarded as a basic rule for agents to reasonabout others, and further it has the similar formand role to modus ponens and (K) axiom of knowledge logic. Therelationship between speech acts and common sense is also discussedwhich is necessary for RAO. Based on ideas fromsituation calculus, this relationship is characterized by an axiomschema in RAO. Our theories are also demonstrated by an example.

  2. The Burbea-Rao and Bhattacharyya centroids

    CERN Document Server

    Nielsen, Frank

    2010-01-01

    We study the centroid with respect to the class of information-theoretic distortion measures called Burbea-Rao divergences. Burbea-Rao divergences generalize the Jensen-Shannon divergence by measuring the non-negative Jensen difference induced by a strictly convex and differentiable function expressing a measure of entropy. We first show that a symmetrization of Bregman divergences called Jensen-Bregman distances yields a natural definition of Burbea-Rao divergences. We then define skew Burbea-Rao divergences, and prove that skew Burbea-Rao divergences amount to compute Bregman divergences in asymptotical cases. We prove that Burbea-Rao centroids are always unique, and we design a generic iterative algorithm for efficiently estimating those centroids with guaranteed convergence. In statistics, the Bhattacharyya distance is widely used to measure the degree of overlap of probability distributions. This distance notion is all the more useful as it provides both upper and lower bounds on Bayes misclassification ...

  3. Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nickola, Marisa; Gaylard, Mike; Quick, Jonathan; Combrinck, Ludwig

    2013-01-01

    HartRAO provides the only fiducial geodetic site in Africa, and it participates in global networks for VLBI, GNSS, SLR, and DORIS. This report provides an overview of geodetic VLBI activities at HartRAO during 2012, including the conversion of a 15-m alt-az radio telescope to an operational geodetic VLBI antenna.

  4. Computing Constrained Cramer Rao Bounds

    CERN Document Server

    Tune, Paul

    2012-01-01

    We revisit the problem of computing submatrices of the Cram\\'er-Rao bound (CRB), which lower bounds the variance of any unbiased estimator of a vector parameter $\\vth$. We explore iterative methods that avoid direct inversion of the Fisher information matrix, which can be computationally expensive when the dimension of $\\vth$ is large. The computation of the bound is related to the quadratic matrix program, where there are highly efficient methods for solving it. We present several methods, and show that algorithms in prior work are special instances of existing optimization algorithms. Some of these methods converge to the bound monotonically, but in particular, algorithms converging non-monotonically are much faster. We then extend the work to encompass the computation of the CRB when the Fisher information matrix is singular and when the parameter $\\vth$ is subject to constraints. As an application, we consider the design of a data streaming algorithm for network measurement.

  5. NEW “BALANCED SCORECARD” (BSC)

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The article describes the BSC-modification which is more sensitive and more precise strategic control instrument as compare to contemporary BSC. This modification is based on enterprise’s functions and recourses multilevel decomposition. Main indicators content was formulized

  6. Bhaskar Rao: far from resigned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khandekar, S

    1992-03-01

    In 1972, Dr. Bhaskar Rao 1st worked for Operations Research Group (ORG), a market research agency. He resigned as its President in December 1991 after it was sold to Business India. He was able to life ORG from just an audit organization to an organization that could conduct analyses and formulate strategies, and that was doing well financially. He was not willing to let this well-respected, independent, professional, and nonprofit group be viewed as part of a for-profit magazine company, however. After finishing his undergraduate education, he became involved in the social service organization directed by Nehru. In 1962, he worked full time for its mass awareness group and then worked to combat rumors during the India-China war. In 1963, he worked with farmers to educate them on how to use fertilizers to increase yield. This experience brought him a scholarship to study social science at Kansas State University in 1967. In the US, he took a course at Martin Luther King's School for Social Change to further his political interests. He received a Ph.D. in mass communications from the University of Iowa then returned to India. In 1970, he worked for the Ford Foundation as a consultant to the Ministry of Health and Family Planning which wanted to survey 25,000 people to learn their perceptions of family planning. He dealt with ORG. The owner convinced him to leave the Ford Foundation and work for ORG where he worked on the family planning survey and the national readership survey. In 1973, he challenged remarks made by the minister of information and broadcast during a public speech. Impressed, the minister offered him an evaluation advisor position. In 1977, however, he left and returned to ORG where he became widely known as a media analyst. In 1983, he became vice president of ORG and president in 1985.

  7. Obituary - Dr. A. Venkoba Rao

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajai R. Singh

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available I have to inform with great regret the sad demise of Dr Venkoba Rao, one of the senior most and highly esteemed psychiatrists this country has produced. His research work in psychiatry and medicine, as well as his work in philosophy and the human predicament, have been noteworthy indeed. He was a researcher and an academician of the highest order.It was always a great pleasure interacting with him. Both juniors and his peers will remember him with great regard and equal fondness. He never made himself difficult to approach, and was open to all positive inputs, from whatever source.He was highly appreciative of the work done by the Mens Sana Research Foundation too. I treasure the encouraging letter he wrote to us sometime back about the Mens Sana Monograph Psychiatry, Science, Religion and Health, of which here is an excerpt:The articles in general are of high standard and are very readable.....Imust tell you that your monograph makes an enjoyable and informative reading and my personal congratulations to you on your achievement.In fact, he was encouraging towards all efforts in the field of mental health.His wide knowledge of philosophy and Indian thought, coupled with active research interest in mainstream psychiatry, made him a unique presence in the field.His absence will be felt for a long long time indeed.But I have lived, and have not lived in vain;My mind may lose its force, my blood its fire,And my frame perish even in conquering pain:But there is that within me which shall tireTorture and Time, and breathe when I expire;Something unearthly, which they deem not of,Like the remembered tone of a mute lyre....Byron ( Childe Harold On behalf of the Mens Sana Editorial Board, our subscribers, readers, as well as the Mensanamonographs group, I offer our deepest condolences to his bereaved family.May his soul rest in peace.

  8. Weierstrass semigroups and the Feng-Rao Distance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campillo, Antonio; Farran, Ignacio

    2000-01-01

    We detrmine the Feng-Rao distance for several claases of codes from algebraic geometry usingthe weierstrass semigroups......We detrmine the Feng-Rao distance for several claases of codes from algebraic geometry usingthe weierstrass semigroups...

  9. Rao Heidmets tegi eestlaste traagilised elulood filmiks / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Joonisfilm "Elulood" : stsenaristid Rao Heidmets ja Mats Traat : režissöör Rao Heidmets : kunstnik Ave Nahkur : helilooja Olav Ehala : esilinastus Torontos, oktoober 2007 : Eesti esilinastus 25. nov. 2007. Lisatud "Filmis kõlavaid elulookatkeid"

  10. On the Feng-Rao bound for generalized hamming weights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geil, Hans Olav; Thommesen, Christian

    2006-01-01

    The Feng-Rao bound gives good estimates of the minimum distance of a large class of codes. In this work we are concerned with the problem of how to extend the Feng-Rao bound so that it deals with all the generalized Hamming weights. The problem was solved by Heijnen and Pellikaan in [7] for a lar...

  11. Exploration of AWGNC and BSC Pseudocodeword Redundancy

    CERN Document Server

    Zumbragel, Jens; Skachek, Vitaly

    2010-01-01

    The AWGNC, BSC, and max-fractional pseudocodeword redundancy of a code is defined as the smallest number of rows in a parity-check matrix such that the corresponding minimum pseudoweight is equal to the minimum Hamming distance of the code. This paper provides new results on the AWGNC, BSC, and max-fractional pseudocodeword redundancies of codes. The pseudocodeword redundancies for all codes of small length (at most 9) are computed. Also, comprehensive results are provided on the cases of cyclic codes of length at most 250 for which the eigenvalue bound of Vontobel and Koetter is sharp.

  12. Admission eligibility criteria and academic success of the BSc Nursing at BPKIHS, Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pokhrel, Nita; Mehta, Ram Sharan; Khanal, Sudhanshu Sharma; Niraula, Surya Raj

    2004-12-01

    Present study was under taken to evaluate the admission eligibility criteria and academic success of BSc Nursing at BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences in eastern Nepal. The average BSc Nursing scores were significantly associated with the performance in School Leaving Certificate (SLC), Entrance, BSc I, BSc II, BSc III and BSc IV but not with ISc score.

  13. A dynamic performance evaluation method based on SD-BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TENG Chun-xian; PAN Xiao-dong; HU Xian-wu

    2007-01-01

    Taking into consideration the disadvantage of Balanced Scorecard (BSC) not being able to reflect time delay, nonlinear problems of causal relationship and being lack of effective simulation, we combined it with the characteristics of the System Dynamics (SD). Basing on the background of manufacturing enterprises,through SD integrating with the BSC we established a new performance evaluation method-SD-BSC method to overcome the disadvantage of BSC. A performance evaluation model of SD-BSC is provided and the simulation results are analyzed which show different production policies will lead to different customer's satisfaction degrees. The SD-BSC dynamic performance evaluation method can reflect dynamic, complex causal feedback relationship and time delay, so it compensates for the disadvantage of traditional financial performance evaluation method, and at the same time makes the BSC perfect.

  14. On the Feng-Rao bound for generalized Hamming weights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geil, Olav; Thommesen, Christian

    2005-01-01

    The Feng-Rao bound gives good estimates of the minimum distance of a large class of codes. In this work we are concerned with the problem of how to extend the Feng-Rao bound so that it deals with all the generalized Hamming weights. The problem was solved by Heijnen and Pellikaan in [7] for a large...... family of codes that includes the duals of one-point geometric Goppa codes and the q-ary Reed-Muller codes, but not the Feng-Rao improved such ones. We show that Heijnen and Pellikaan’s results holds for the more general class of codes for which the traditional Feng-Rao bound can be applied. We also...... establish the connection to the Shibuya-Sakaniwa bound for generalized Hamming weights ([15], [16], [17], [18], [19] and [20]). More precisely we show that the Shibuya-Sakaniwa bound is a consequence of the extended Feng-Rao bound. In particular the extended Feng-Rao bound gives always at least as good...

  15. Cramer-Rao bound in detection of reversals

    CERN Document Server

    Ivanov, S A

    2013-01-01

    We use the Cramer-Rao bound to show which short magnetic reversals can be recovered successfully from a magnetic anomaly profile. Using a simple variant of the Vine-Matthews model, we show, in particular, that errors in determining the duration of a short subchron are much smaller than errors in localizing the center of the subchron.

  16. Khatri-Rao Products for Operator Matrices Acting on the Direct Sum of Hilbert Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnon Ploymukda

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We introduce the notion of Khatri-Rao product for operator matrices acting on the direct sum of Hilbert spaces. This notion generalizes the tensor product and Hadamard product of operators and the Khatri-Rao product of matrices. We investigate algebraic properties, positivity, and monotonicity of the Khatri-Rao product. Moreover, there is a unital positive linear map taking Tracy-Singh products to Khatri-Rao products via an isometry.

  17. 78 FR 15369 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-11

    ... Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal....m. (BSC, OPHPR meeting) April 3, 2013 8:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. (Joint meeting of the BSC, OPHPR and the... . Matters To Be Discussed: Agenda items for this meeting include: (1) Briefings and BSC deliberation on...

  18. The Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filter: A Filter Bank Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karlsson Rickard

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available For computational efficiency, it is important to utilize model structure in particle filtering. One of the most important cases occurs when there exists a linear Gaussian substructure, which can be efficiently handled by Kalman filters. This is the standard formulation of the Rao-Blackwellized particle filter (RBPF. This contribution suggests an alternative formulation of this well-known result that facilitates reuse of standard filtering components and which is also suitable for object-oriented programming. Our RBPF formulation can be seen as a Kalman filter bank with stochastic branching and pruning.

  19. A vanilla Rao--Blackwellization of Metropolis--Hastings algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Douc, Randal; 10.1214/10-AOS838

    2011-01-01

    Casella and Robert [Biometrika 83 (1996) 81--94] presented a general Rao--Blackwellization principle for accept-reject and Metropolis--Hastings schemes that leads to significant decreases in the variance of the resulting estimators, but at a high cost in computation and storage. Adopting a completely different perspective, we introduce instead a universal scheme that guarantees variance reductions in all Metropolis--Hastings-based estimators while keeping the computation cost under control. We establish a central limit theorem for the improved estimators and illustrate their performances on toy examples and on a probit model estimation.

  20. The Hartshorne-Rao module of curves on rational normal scrolls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Di Gennaro

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available We study the Hartshorne-Rao module of curves lying on a rational normal scroll S_e of invariant e ≥ 0 in P^{e+3} .We calculate the Rao function, we characterize the aCM curves on S_e .Finally, we give an algorithm to check if a curve is aC M or not and, inthe second case, to calculate the Rao function.

  1. Fast Erasure and Error decoding of Algebraic Geometry Codes up to the Feng-Rao Bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Helge Elbrønd; Sakata, S.; Leonard, D.;

    1996-01-01

    This paper gives an errata(that is erasure-and error-) decoding algorithm of one-point algebraic geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao designed minimum distance using Sakata's multidimensional generalization of the Berlekamp-massey algorithm and the votin procedure of Feng and Rao.......This paper gives an errata(that is erasure-and error-) decoding algorithm of one-point algebraic geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao designed minimum distance using Sakata's multidimensional generalization of the Berlekamp-massey algorithm and the votin procedure of Feng and Rao....

  2. 75 FR 53705 - Request for Nominations of Candidates To Serve on the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... Serve on the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Environmental Health/ Agency for... membership on the BSC. The BSC, NCEH/ATSDR provides advice and guidance to the Secretary, HHS; the...

  3. BSC Modelling for ACAFE's Universities system Modelando o BSC para as Universidades do Sistema ACAFE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Portugal Ferreira

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Schools that perform graduation courses are facing increased competition and many have find the need of a more competitive and strategic vision. This study describes a Balanced Scorecard example of typical implementation for educational institutions. The case study describes in details the implemention as performed in ACAFE system, a Santa Catarina's network of educational institutions.As Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES, percebendo o acirramento da concorrência, reconhecem a importância de repensar sua forma de gestão, buscando uma visão mais competitiva e continuada. Assim, com o objetivo de contribuir para a gestão estratégica dessas instituições, especificamente as pertencentes ao sistema ACAFE, foi utilizada neste estudo a ferramenta de gestão Balanced Scorecard (BSC. Algumas etapas foram necessárias à sua adequação às universidades fundacionais catarinenses. Apresentaram-se e identificaram-se algumas características existentes no ambiente das universidades fundacionais catarinenses e suas peculiaridades em relação a outras organizações que não integram esse setor; realizaram-se os ajustes necessários à ferramenta Balanced Scorecard às universidades do sistema ACAFE; bem como a proposta da ferramenta auxiliar denominado mapa estratégico. Por último demonstrou-se a possibilidade de se desenvolver e utilizar o BSC acadêmico institucional como forma de integrar mais de um campus a gestão focada na estratégia.

  4. U. B. Narayan Rao and the origins of the IJDVL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshi Rajiv

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Dr. U. B. Narayan Rao L.C.P.S (Bom (born 23 rd November 1895, died 14 th June 1960 had a busy general practice in Bombay. He adopted dermatology and venereology as his specialty in the 1930′s and started the Indian Journal of Venereal Diseases in 1935, the first of its kind in the subcontinent. This journal went on to become the official mouthpiece of the Indian Association of Dermatologists and Venereologists in 1955 and was then known as the Indian Journal of Dermatology and Venereology. Dr. Narayan Rao also played an important role as a founder member of the Bombay Association of Dermato-Venereologists as well as the Indian Association of Dermatologists and Venereologists. Activist, indefatigable worker dedicated to the cause, nationalist, and patriot, generous, dynamic and aggressive, with a flare for arguing; negotiating and convincing, and winning friends in the process, were some of the attributes that may be mentioned of this remarkable person who contributed so much to our specialty.

  5. Efficient multisensor resource management using Cramer-Rao lower bounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Marcel L.; Kirubarajan, Thiagalingam; Bar-Shalom, Yaakov

    2002-08-01

    This paper describes the development of a general framework for the efficient management of multiple sensors in target tracking. The basis of the technique is to quantify, and subsequently control, the accuracy of target state estimation. The Posterior Cramer-Rao lower bound provides the means of achieving this aim by enabling us to determine a bound on the performance of all unbiased estimators of the unknown target state. The general approach is then to use optimization techniques to control the measurement process in order to achieve accurate target state estimation. We are concerned primarily with the deployment and utilization of a limited sensor resource. We also allow for measurement origin uncertainty, with sensor measurements either target generated or false alarms. We exploit previous work to determine a general expression for the Fisher Information Matrix in this case. We show that by making certain assumptions we can express the measurement uncertainty as a constant information reduction factor. This enables the Fisher Information Matrix to be calculated quickly, allowing Cramer-Rao bounds to be utilized for real-time, online sensor management.

  6. Evaluation of university performance using BSC and ANP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Atafar

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Measuring the relative performance of universities play important role on better educational planning. During the past few years, balanced scorecard (BSC has become popular among researchers as a technique for measuring the performance of business units. This method studies a particular firm in terms of four different perspectives including internal processes, learning and growth, customer and financial figures. One primary concern on using such method is that this method does not consider the relative importance of these components. In this paper, we present a hybrid of BSC with analytical network process to measure the relative performance of an educational unit in Iran.

  7. 76 FR 28790 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... dictate. Contact Person for More Information: Roger Rosa, Executive Secretary, BSC, NIOSH, CDC, 395...

  8. 76 FR 76416 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...-mail: OPHPR.BSC.Questions@cdc.gov . The Director, Management Analysis and Services Office, has...

  9. 76 FR 67192 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-31

    ... Center for Injury Prevention and Control (BSC, NCIPC) In accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal.... Matters To Be Discussed: The BSC, NCIPC will discuss the recommendations provided by the expert panel...

  10. 76 FR 7217 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... Center for Injury Prevention and Control (BSC, NCIPC) In accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... research and control activities related to injury. Matters to be Discussed: The BSC, NCIPC will discuss...

  11. 77 FR 58847 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... Center for Injury Prevention and Control (BSC, NCIPC) In accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... research and control activities related to injury. Matters To Be Discussed: The BSC, NCIPC will discuss the... to the BSC. There will be 15 minutes allotted for public comments at the end of the open...

  12. 78 FR 56235 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, (BSC, OPHPR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-12

    ... Public Health Preparedness and Response, (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... this 2-day meeting include: (1) Briefings and BSC deliberation on the following topics: Program... OPHPR BSC; program response to recommendations made in the peer review of the Career Epidemiology...

  13. 78 FR 64505 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-29

    ... Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC) In accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... and Control. Matters to be Discussed: The BSC, NCIPC will discuss the recommendations provided by the... strategies needed to guide the Center's focus. The BSC members will also discuss potential topics for...

  14. Endline report – Liberia, BSC MFS II country evaluations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gotomo, S.; Peters, B.; Kusters, C.S.L.; Peabody, S.; Washington Gopeya, M.

    2015-01-01

    This report presents the findings of the endline of the evaluation of the organisational capacity component of the MFS II country evaluations. The focus of this report is Liberia, BSC. The format is based on the requirements by the synthesis team and NWO/WOTRO. The endline was carried out in 2014. T

  15. Improved Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filter by Particle Swarm Optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeng-Shun Zhao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The Rao-Blackwellized particle filter (RBPF algorithm usually has better performance than the traditional particle filter (PF by utilizing conditional dependency relationships between parts of the state variables to estimate. By doing so, RBPF could not only improve the estimation precision but also reduce the overall computational complexity. However, the computational burden is still too high for many real-time applications. To improve the efficiency of RBPF, the particle swarm optimization (PSO is applied to drive all the particles to the regions where their likelihoods are high in the nonlinear area. So only a small number of particles are needed to participate in the required computation. The experimental results demonstrate that this novel algorithm is more efficient than the standard RBPF.

  16. Cramér-Rao-Type Bounds for Localization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang Cheng

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The localization problem is fundamentally important for sensor networks. This paper, based on "Estimation bounds for localization" by the authors (2004 © IEEE, studies the Cramér-Rao lower bound (CRB for two kinds of localization based on noisy range measurements. The first is anchored localization in which the estimated positions of at least nodes are known in global coordinates. We show some basic invariances of the CRB in this case and derive lower and upper bounds on the CRB which can be computed using only local information. The second is anchor-free localization where no absolute positions are known. Although the Fisher information matrix is singular, a CRB-like bound exists on the total estimation variance. Finally, for both cases we discuss how the bounds scale to large networks under different models of wireless signal propagation.

  17. "It isn't just consultants that need a BSc": student experiences of an Intercalated BSc in primary health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, M; Singh, S; Lloyd, M

    2005-03-01

    More medical schools are moving towards a compulsory intercalated BSc. These courses have not traditionally been aimed at those students interested in general practice and have tended to have limited clinical relevance. This paper explores the perceptions of students who undertook a BSc in primary health care using qualitative methodology comprising semi-structured interviews with students just before completion of their course. Interviews were undertaken with 24 of the 26 students who started the course over a 4-year period. All the students have finished the course and have graduated with good honours degrees. Students refine existing skills and develop new, relevant skills for medicine. The students discussed the prestige (or lack) of a BSc in this field and how the course has impacted on their career decisions. A Primary Health Care BSc such as this appears to give students an in depth and to some, a positive view of general practice and primary care. The course allowed students to develop a more critical approach to medicine and enabled them to develop skills in addition to those acquired from their undergraduate medicine course. They perceived that these skills will serve them throughout their career in whatever branch of medicine they choose.

  18. Stochastic processes and functional analysis a volume of recent advances in honor of M. M. Rao

    CERN Document Server

    Krinik, Alan C

    2004-01-01

    This extraordinary compilation is an expansion of the recent American Mathematical Society Special Session celebrating M. M. Rao's distinguished career and includes most of the presented papers as well as ancillary contributions from session invitees. This book shows the effectiveness of abstract analysis for solving fundamental problems of stochastic theory, specifically the use of functional analytic methods for elucidating stochastic processes, as made manifest in M. M. Rao's prolific research achievements. Featuring a biography of M. M. Rao, a complete bibliography of his published works,

  19. An empirical study to analyze CRM strategy using BSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Safari Kahreh

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In the new marketing paradigm that is based on the relationship marketing, corporations and organizations look for retaining and enhancing the long run relationships with their customers. Customer relationship management (CRM as a heart of the new marketing paradigm includes numbers of mechanisms that endeavor to manage sustainable and profitable long-term relations with valuable customers. Every year, there are many programs and resources dedicated for marketing strategy and planning. Evaluation of these endeavors especially the CRM strategy is much important. Hence, the primary purpose of this research is to analyze CRM using balanced scorecard as a valuable strategic tool. Required data was gathered from one of the biggest commercial banks of Iran and they were analyzed using BSC and statistical software packages. Results indicate that there is a meaningful relationship between 3 main aspects of CRM strategy and 4 main aspects of BSC.

  20. A selection of AKARI FIS BSC extragalactic objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marton, G.; Tóth, L. V.; Balázs, L. G.; Zahorecz, S.; Bagoly, Z.; Horváth, I.; Rácz, I. I.; Nagy, A.

    The point sources in the Bright Source Catalogue (BSC) of the AKARI Far-Infrared Surveyor (FIS) were classified based on their far-IR and mid-IR fluxes and colours using Quadratic Discriminant Analysis method (QDA) and Support Vector Machines (SVM). The reliability of our results show that we can successfully separate galactic and extragalactic AKARI point sources in the multidimensional space of fluxes and colours. However, differentiating among the extragalactic sub-types needs further information.

  1. CMB likelihood approximation by a Gaussianized Blackwell-Rao estimator

    CERN Document Server

    Rudjord, Ø; Eriksen, H K; Huey, Greg; Górski, K M; Jewell, J B

    2008-01-01

    We introduce a new CMB temperature likelihood approximation called the Gaussianized Blackwell-Rao (GBR) estimator. This estimator is derived by transforming the observed marginal power spectrum distributions obtained by the CMB Gibbs sampler into standard univariate Gaussians, and then approximate their joint transformed distribution by a multivariate Gaussian. The method is exact for full-sky coverage and uniform noise, and an excellent approximation for sky cuts and scanning patterns relevant for modern satellite experiments such as WMAP and Planck. A single evaluation of this estimator between l=2 and 200 takes ~0.2 CPU milliseconds, while for comparison, a single pixel space likelihood evaluation between l=2 and 30 for a map with ~2500 pixels requires ~20 seconds. We apply this tool to the 5-year WMAP temperature data, and re-estimate the angular temperature power spectrum, $C_{\\ell}$, and likelihood, L(C_l), for l<=200, and derive new cosmological parameters for the standard six-parameter LambdaCDM mo...

  2. Coarrays, MUSIC, and the Cramér-Rao Bound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Mianzhi; Nehorai, Arye

    2017-02-01

    Sparse linear arrays, such as co-prime arrays and nested arrays, have the attractive capability of providing enhanced degrees of freedom. By exploiting the coarray structure, an augmented sample covariance matrix can be constructed and MUSIC (MUtiple SIgnal Classification) can be applied to identify more sources than the number of sensors. While such a MUSIC algorithm works quite well, its performance has not been theoretically analyzed. In this paper, we derive a simplified asymptotic mean square error (MSE) expression for the MUSIC algorithm applied to the coarray model, which is applicable even if the source number exceeds the sensor number. We show that the directly augmented sample covariance matrix and the spatial smoothed sample covariance matrix yield the same asymptotic MSE for MUSIC. We also show that when there are more sources than the number of sensors, the MSE converges to a positive value instead of zero when the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) goes to infinity. This finding explains the "saturation" behavior of the coarray-based MUSIC algorithms in the high SNR region observed in previous studies. Finally, we derive the Cram\\'er-Rao bound (CRB) for sparse linear arrays, and conduct a numerical study of the statistical efficiency of the coarray-based estimator. Experimental results verify theoretical derivations and reveal the complex efficiency pattern of coarray-based MUSIC algorithms.

  3. Using Balanced Scorecard (BSC) approach to improve ergonomics programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Marcelo Vicente Forestieri

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to propose foundations for a theory of using the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) methodology to improve the strategic view of ergonomics inside the organizations. This approach may help to promote a better understanding of investing on an ergonomic program to obtain good results in quality and production, as well as health maintenance. It is explained the basics of balanced scorecard, and how ergonomists could use this to work with strategic enterprises demand. Implications of this viewpoint for the development of a new methodology for ergonomics strategy views are offered.

  4. Introducing a "Balance" in The BSC Through Beauty and Love

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Kamayanti

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Celebrating the seventeenth anniversary of the Balanced Score Card (BSC since it was born in 1992, this paper revisits its concept as one of the landmarks in performance measurement. The BSC turns out to be ‘not so balanced’ since it lacks certain beauty and love. It hinges on accountability for certain interests when measuring performance, negating or putting other interests as minority. Thus, it fits perfectly with the aim of management accounting that puts managers and customers as priorities. The imbalances comes from secularism and overemphasis in rationalism. Sustainability that becomes the current issue nowadays would not be supported by such performance measurement. In order to insert this balance, a methodology by taking a methapor of nurturing mother is applied in this research that encompasses gentle beauty and subtle love. Gentle beauty refers to a complete harmony of beauty : irrational and the rational; this means introducing those that have been left out in the name of rationality such as religions and spiritualism. Subtle love refers to love towards God that is expressed subtly without lust to overpower. The result is a more balanced set of performance measurements that are filled with beauty and love, insyaAllah.

  5. 77 FR 20823 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-06

    ... Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... include: (1) Briefings and BSC deliberation on the following topics: CDC Laboratory Preparedness; OPHPR... Management Team; Estimating the Cost of Preparedness; (2) Programmatic responses to...

  6. 76 FR 18221 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance with section 10 (a) (2) of the Federal... Conference. Please contact the BSC Coordinator (see Contact Person for More Information) to obtain further... Address. For foreign nationals or non-U.S. citizens, pre-approval is required. Please contact the...

  7. 75 FR 25870 - Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National... accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), CDC and BSC, NCEH... being; and (3) train State and local personnel in health work. The BSC, NCEH/ATSDR provides advice...

  8. 75 FR 60762 - Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES (HHS) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC... in health work. The BSC, NCEH/ATSDR provides advice and guidance to the Secretary, HHS; the Director... America's health. Matters to be Discussed: The agenda items for the BSC Meeting on October 21-22,...

  9. Posterior Cramer-Rao lower bounds for multitarget bearings-only tracking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Usually, only the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) of single target is taken into consideration in the state estimate of passive tracking systems. As for the case of multitarget, there are few works done due to its complexity. The recursion formula of the posterior Cramer-Rao lower bound (PCRLB) in multitarget bearings-only tracking with the three kinds of data association is presented. Meanwhile, computer simulation is carried out for data association. The final result shows that the accuracy probability of data association has an important impact on the PCRLB.

  10. POSTERIOR CRAMéR-RAO BOUNDS ANALYSIS FOR PASSIVE TARGET TRACKING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    For the problem of deterministic parameter estimate, the theoretical lower bound of estimate error is the Cramér-Rao bound; while for random parameter, the lower bound of estimate error is generally termed by Posterior Cramér-Rao Bound (PCRB). Under the background of passive tracking where the target's state can be seen as a time-varying random parameter, PCRB of the state estimate error is analyzed in this paper, and the relation between PCRB and varied condition is also fully investigated using different simulation examples. The presented analytical method provides a theoretical base for performance assessment of all kinds of suboptimal estimate algorithms used in practice.

  11. Computing the Feng-Rao distances for codes from order domains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruano Benito, Diego

    2007-01-01

    We compute the Feng–Rao distance of a code coming from an order domain with a simplicial value semigroup. The main tool is the Apéry set of a semigroup that can be computed using a Gröbner basis.......We compute the Feng–Rao distance of a code coming from an order domain with a simplicial value semigroup. The main tool is the Apéry set of a semigroup that can be computed using a Gröbner basis....

  12. Cosine directions using Rao-Blackwell Theorem and Hausdorff metric in Quasars

    CERN Document Server

    Bell, Byron E

    2015-01-01

    This analysis will determine the equations of the cosine directions for all flux of the optical spectrum in quasars. Studies on Hausdorff metric will greatly enhance our understanding of quasars distances. This study will complete steps in the classification of quasars by finding the minimum variance of flux by using the RaoBlackwell Theorem. The papers of C. R. Rao and D. Blackwell will be examined to clarify more of the above theorem. Keywords: Theory of Flux, SDSS, Quasars, Redshift (z), Population Perimeters, Regression Analysis

  13. Gemcitabine plus best supportive care (BSC) vs BSC in inoperable non-small cell lung cancer--a randomized trial with quality of life as the primary outcome. UK NSCLC Gemcitabine Group. Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, H; Hopwood, P; Stephens, R J; Thatcher, N; Cottier, B; Nicholson, M; Milroy, R; Maughan, T S; Falk, S J; Bond, M G; Burt, P A; Connolly, C K; McIllmurray, M B; Carmichael, J

    2000-08-01

    Three hundred patients with symptomatic, locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC not requiring immediate radiotherapy were enrolled into this randomized multicentre trial comparing gemcitabine + BSC vs BSC alone. Patients allocated gemcitabine received 1000 mg/m2 on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle, for a maximum of six cycles. The main aim of this trial was to compare patient assessment of a predefined subset of commonly reported symptoms (SS14) from the EORTC QLQ-C30 and LC13 scales. The primary end-points were defined as (1) the percentage change in mean SS14 score between baseline and 2 months and (2) the proportion of patients with a marked (> or = 25%) improvement in SS14 score between baseline and 2 months sustained for > or =4 weeks. The secondary objectives were to compare treatments with respect to overall survival, and multidimensional QL parameters. The treatment groups were balanced with regard to age, gender, Karnofsky performance status (KPS) and disease stage (40% had metastatic disease). The percentage change in mean SS14 score from baseline to 2 months was a 10% decrease (i.e. improvement) for gemcitabine plus BSC and a 1% increase (i.e. deterioration) for BSC alone (P = 0.113, two-sample t-test). A sustained (> or = 4 weeks) improvement (> or =25%) on SS14 was recorded in a significantly higher proportion of gemcitabine + BSC patients (22%) than in BSC alone patients (9%) (P = 0.0014, Pearson's chi-squared test). The QLQ-C30 and L13 subscales showed greater improvement in the gemcitabine plus BSC arm (in 11 domains) than in the BSC arm (one symptom item). There was greater deterioration in the BSC alone arm (six domains/items) than in the gemcitabine + BSC arm (three QL domains). Tumour response occurred in 19% (95% CI 13-27) of gemcitabine patients. There was no difference in overall survival: median 5.7 months (95% CI 4.6-7.6) for gemcitabine + BSC patients and 5.9 months (95% CI 5.0-7.9) (log-rank, P = 0.84) for BSC patients, and 1 -year

  14. Balanced Score Card (BSC sebagai Alternatif Pengukuran Kinerja Lembaga Pendidikan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Julaiha

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Educational institutions can function well if the its performance can be measured clearly. Educational institutions should be empowered towards optimal empowerment, by developing schools with strategic planning, a vision and mission, an independent school, empowering the community by many efforts to increase the role and participation of the community through school committees. To make schools as an education institution in high quality, it needs to be evaluated and controlled. The School achieved can be said that the institution is measurable. One alternative is offered in measuring the performance of schools is known by the Balanced Scorecard (BSC. Balanced Scorecard was introduced by Robert Kaplan and David Norton by understanding the school's mission and strategy into objectives and measures, which are arranged in four perspectives, namely financial perspective, customer perspective, internal business perspective and the perspective of learning.

  15. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the French version of the Rheumatoid and Arthritis Outcome Score (RAOS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duval, Aurelie; Maillefert, Jean Francis; Gossec, Laure

    2010-01-01

    The Rheumatoid and Arthritis Outcome Score (RAOS) was recently developed to evaluate functional disability and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients suffering from lower limb symptoms. The aims of this study were to cross-culturally adapt the RAOS into French and to assess its...

  16. Fast Erasure-and error decoding of algebraic geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høholdt, Tom; Jensen, Helge Elbrønd; Sakata, Shojiro;

    1998-01-01

    This correspondence gives an errata (that is erasure-and error-) decoding algorithm of one-point algebraic-geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao designed minimum distance using Sakata's multidimensional generalization of the Berlekamp-Massey algorithm and the voting procedure of Feng and Rao....

  17. Wideband DOA Estimation via Sparse Bayesian Learning over a Khatri-Rao Dictionary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yujian Pan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the wideband direction-of-arrival (DOA estimation by exploiting the multiple measurement vectors (MMV based sparse Bayesian learning (SBL framework. First, the array covariance matrices at different frequency bins are focused to the reference frequency by the conventional focusing technique and then transformed into the vector form. Then a matrix called the Khatri-Rao dictionary is constructed by using the Khatri-Rao product and the multiple focused array covariance vectors are set as the new observations. DOA estimation is to find the sparsest representations of the new observations over the Khatri-Rao dictionary via SBL. The performance of the proposed method is compared with other well-known focusing based wideband algorithms and the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB. The results show that it achieves higher resolution and accuracy and can reach the CRLB under relative demanding conditions. Moreover, the method imposes no restriction on the pattern of signal power spectral density and due to the increased number of rows of the dictionary, it can resolve more sources than sensors.

  18. Using Cramer-Rao theory as spectrometer design tool aimed at quantitative complex-spectrum analysisa)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klinkhamer, J. F. F.; van der Valk, N. C. J.; von Hellermann, M. G.; Jaspers, R.

    2008-10-01

    In this paper the use of the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) to aid in the design of diagnostic systems dealing with complex spectra is discussed. Specifically it is discussed how a priori knowledge, used to improve the estimation, can be included in the CRLB analysis. This provides improved predictions for the spectrometer characteristics that will lead to an optimal system.

  19. BSC IP功能测试系统设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王弘

    2010-01-01

    随着通信网络的扩容、通信设备功能的日益复杂,基站控制器BSC系统功能测试出现了IP化的趋势,本论文对BSC IP功能测试系统展开了分析研究,首先简单介绍了BSC IP功能测试的基本原理,并在此基础上重点从IP功能测试框架和IP功能测试环境两个角度详细研究设计了BSC IP功能测试系统的实现方法,对于进一步提高BSC IP功能测试系统的研究与应用具有一定借鉴意义.

  20. Should an iBSc in Management be compulsory for all UK medical students?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh B

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Bharpoor Singh,1 Natalie Ramjeeawon,2 Neil Shah,1 Shawmian Singagireson1 1Imperial College London, London, UK; 2University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UKThe UK medical school system has traditionally offered an intercalated science degree (iBSc to supplement their regular medical degree. However, in recent times with an increasing focus on leadership in the National Health Service (NHS, there has been a shift. More medical schools now offer the option to study an iBSc in Management.I have just spent a year completing an iBSc in Management at Imperial College Business School. Throughout the year I became more and more immersed in our intricate health care system, which is only really apparent to health care professionals whilst on the job. My question to the General Medical Council is – should an iBSc in Management be compulsory for all UK medical students?

  1. BSC Final Report: Lessons Learned from Building America Participation; February 1995 - December 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hendron, Bob [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2004-04-01

    This report chronicles the how and why of the key BSC Building America outcomes. It is organized and put in the context of what the Building Science Consortium has learned from and with its building industry partners.

  2. Can lichen species of BSC acclimate to changing environments?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Laura; Colesie, Claudia; Büdel, Burkhard

    2015-04-01

    The Soil Crust INternational (SCIN) project aims to achieve improved appreciation of the importance and functioning of Biological Soil Crusts (BSC) in Europe. Four sites throughout Europe were identified for having important, yet diverse BSC communities: Gössenheim in Germany, Almeria in Spain, Öland in Sweden and Hochtor in Austria. These sites vary greatly in geographic and environmental conditions; and constitute, along with cyanobacteria, algae, bryophytes and fungi a host of green algal and cyanobacterial lichen species. Many of the lichen species occur in two-four locations, despite the climatic differences, and it has been observed that species are morphologically distinctive between sites. Lichens may be adapted to different environmental conditions by symbiosis with photobionts that are suited to the local conditions. Therefore, we may expect to find that a lichen species that can survive in diverse habitats to be less photobiont specific than species with a narrow range. In recent years it has been discovered that lichens can switch their photobiont throughout the course of their lives. Whether lichens can associate with an available photobiont and switch when a preferred photobiont becomes available is not conclusively known, or whether as habitats are affected by climate change, lichens will be able to switch to a new photobiont to survive changing conditions. A transplantation experiment of lichens between biomes was installed in each of the SCIN sites to investigate the potential of different lichen species to assimilate to a new environment. Where the same lichen species occurred in 2 or more locations samples were transplanted from their natural location to the foreign for a period of 2 years. Controls were also applied; this consisted of samples being transplanted within their own site to assess the effect of the transplantation itself. The photobionts of key species are sequenced to analyse diversity of photobiont interactions within/between the

  3. Does undertaking an intercalated BSc influence first clinical year exam results at a London medical school?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jones Melvyn

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Intercalated BScs (iBScs are an optional part of the medical school curriculum in many Universities. Does undertaking an iBSc influence subsequent student performance? Previous studies addressing this question have been flawed by iBSc students being highly selected. This study looks at data from medical students where there is a compulsory iBSc for non-graduates. Our aim was to see whether there was any difference in performance between students who took an iBSc before or after their third year (first clinical year exams. Methods A multivariable analysis was performed to compare the third year results of students at one London medical school who had or had not completed their iBSc by the start of this year (n = 276. A general linear model was applied to adjust for differences between the two groups in terms of potential confounders (age, sex, nationality and baseline performance. Results The results of third year summative exams for 276 students were analysed (184 students with an iBSc and 92 without. Unadjusted analysis showed students who took an iBSc before their third year achieved significantly higher end of year marks than those who did not with a mean score difference of 4.4 (0.9 to 7.9 95% CI, p = 0.01. (overall mean score 238.4 "completed iBSc" students versus 234.0 "not completed", range 145.2 - 272.3 out of 300. There was however a significant difference between the two groups in their prior second year exam marks with those choosing to intercalate before their third year having higher marks. Adjusting for this, the difference in overall exam scores was no longer significant with a mean score difference of 1.4 (-4.9 to +7.7 95% CI, p = 0.66. (overall mean score 238.0 " completed iBSc" students versus 236.5 "not completed". Conclusions Once possible confounders are controlled for (age, sex, previous academic performance undertaking an iBSc does not influence third year exam results. One explanation for this

  4. Quantum metrology in open systems: dissipative Cramér-Rao bound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alipour, S; Mehboudi, M; Rezakhani, A T

    2014-03-28

    Estimation of parameters is a pivotal task throughout science and technology. The quantum Cramér-Rao bound provides a fundamental limit of precision allowed to be achieved under quantum theory. For closed quantum systems, it has been shown how the estimation precision depends on the underlying dynamics. Here, we propose a general formulation for metrology scenarios in open quantum systems, aiming to relate the precision more directly to properties of the underlying dynamics. This feature may be employed to enhance an estimation precision, e.g., by quantum control techniques. Specifically, we derive a Cramér-Rao bound for a fairly large class of open system dynamics, which is governed by a (time-dependent) dynamical semigroup map. We illustrate the utility of this scenario through three examples.

  5. Analysing Institutions Interdisciplinarity by Extensive Use of Rao-Stirling Diversity Index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassi, Lorenzo; Champeimont, Raphaël; Mescheba, Wilfriedo; de Turckheim, Élisabeth

    2017-01-01

    This paper shows how the Rao-Stirling diversity index may be extensively used for positioning and comparing institutions interdisciplinary practices. Two decompositions of this index make it possible to explore different components of the diversity of the cited references in a corpus of publications. The paper aims at demonstrating how these bibliometric tools can be used for comparing institutions in a research field by highlighting collaboration orientations and institutions strategies. To make the method available and easy to use for indicator users, this paper first recalls a previous result on the decomposition of the Rao-Stirling index into multidisciplinarity and interdisciplinarity components, then proposes a new decomposition to further explore the profile of research collaborations and finally presents an application to Neuroscience research in French universities.

  6. The Marginal Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filter for Mixed Linear/Nonlinear State Space Models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yin Jianjun; Zhang Jianqiu; Mike Klaas

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, the marginal Rao-Blackwellized particle filter (MRBPF), which fuses the Rao-Blackwellized particle filter (RBPF)algorithm and the marginal particle filter (MPF) algorithm, is presented. The state space is divided into linear and non-linear parts, which can be estimated separately by the MPF and the optional Kalman filter. Through simulation in the terrain aided navigation (TAN) domain, it is demonstrated that, compared with the RBPF, the root mean square errors (RMSE) and the error variance of the nonlinear state estimations by the proposed MRBPF are respectively reduced by 29% and 96%, while the unique particle count is increased by 80%. It is also found that the MRBPF has better convergence properties, and analysis has shown that the existing RBPF is nothing more than a special case of the MRBPF.

  7. Approaching the Cramer-Rao Bound in Weak Lensing with PDF Symmetrization

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Jun

    2016-01-01

    Weak lensing statistics is typically measured as weighted sum of shear estimators or their products (shear-shear correlation). The weighting schemes are designed in the hope of minimizing the statistical error without introducing systematic errors. It would be ideal to approach the Cramer-Rao bound (the lower bound of the statistical uncertainty) in shear statistics, though it is generally difficult to do so in practice. The reasons may include: difficulties in galaxy shape measurement, inaccurate knowledge of the probability-distribution-function (PDF) of the shear estimator, misidentification of point sources as galaxies, etc.. Using the shear estimators defined in Zhang et al. (2015), we show that one can overcome all these problems, and allow shear measurement accuracy to approach the Cramer-Rao bound. This can be achieved by symmetrizing the PDF of the shear estimator, or the joint PDF of shear estimator pairs (for shear-shear correlation), without any prior knowledge of the PDF. Using simulated galaxy i...

  8. A Theory of Cramer-Rao Bounds for Constrained Parametric Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    1980. [65] M. Spivak , Calculus on Manifolds. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1965. [66] Petre Stoica, Thomas L. Marzetta, “Parameter estimation problems...multivariable calculus and, specifically, the use of the implicit function theorem. The reward for this approach will be a seamless presentation of statistical...inference involving the constrained Cramér-Rao bound. From the perspective of multivariable calculus , the constraint f (θ) = 0 effec- tively restricts

  9. Finding Robust Assailant Using Optimization Functions (FiRAO-PG in Wireless Sensor Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piyush Kumar Shukla

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Wireless sensor network consists of hundreds or thousands of low cost, low power, and self-organizing tiny sensor nodes that are deployed within the sensor network. Sensor network is susceptible to physical attacks due to deprived power and restricted resource capability and is exposed to external environment for transmitting and receiving data. Node capture attack is one of the most menacing attack in the wireless sensor network and may be physically captured by an adversary for extracting confidential information regarding cryptographic keys, node’s unique id, and so forth, from its memory to eliminate the confidentiality and integrity of the wireless links. Node capture attack suffers from severe security breach and tremendous network cost. We propose an empirically designed multiple objectives node capture attack algorithm based on optimization functions as an effective solution against the attacking efficiency of node capture attack. Finding robust assailant optimization-particle swarm optimization and genetic algorithm (FiRAO-PG consists of multiple objectives: maximum node participation, maximum key participation, and minimum resource expenditure to find optimal nodes using PSO and GA. It will leverage a comprehensive tool to destroy maximum portion of the network realizing cost-effectiveness and higher attacking efficiency. The simulation results manifest that FiRAO-PG can provide higher fraction of compromised traffic than matrix algorithm (MA so the attacking efficiency of FiRAO-PG is higher.

  10. Rao Quan Feasibility Study - Phase 1: Toxic Substances and Contamination (Final Report)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berge, Dag; Knutzen, Jon

    1997-12-31

    Due to wartime activity in the Khe Sanh area, it was expected that damming of the river Rao Quan could wash out diffuse pollutants from the ground and from possible military dump sites. As discussed in this report, the rivers Rao Quan, Khe Nghi and Quang Tri contain relatively soft water. The buffer capacity against acidification is good. The sulphate concentration is low. The water will not be aggressive against concrete. The maximum particulate content in the wet season is low. The nutrient content of the rivers is relatively low. The phosphorus content correlated well with the turbidity, which indicates that the phosphorus is bound to particles. Khe Nghi has significantly higher nitrogen content than the other rivers, which may indicate some slight impact from animal husbandry. However, there was no eutrophication. The content of heavy metals is low and indicates no pollution from the military activities in the area. The water is well suited for irrigation. There was no indication from the analysed fish , the river sediments from Rao Quan or the top soil of the rice fields of any significant dioxin contamination. The content was similar to normal back ground levels caused by diffuse atmospheric fallout. The herbicide Agent Orange in 1962-1975 was applied mostly in the southernmost part of the country and contamination from it in the Quang Tri Province is not expected. 13 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

  11. Relationship between quality of life and clinical outcomes in advanced non-small cell lung cancer: best supportive care (BSC) versus BSC plus chemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thongprasert, S; Sanguanmitra, P; Juthapan, W; Clinch, J

    1999-04-01

    In a prospective randomized study, 287 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) stage IIIb or IV with ECOG performance status (PS) 0-1 or 2 were randomly assigned to receive either best supportive care (BSC) or supportive care plus combination chemotherapy (IEP regimen: ifosfamide 3 gm/m2 IV with mesna uroprotection, epirubicin 60 mg/m2 IV on day 1 and cisplatin 60 mg/m2 IV on day 2; or MVP regimen: mitomycin-C 8 mg/m2, cisplatin 100 mg/m2 IV on day 1, vinblastine 4 mg/m2 IV on days 1 and 15). Serial assessment of Karnofsky performance status (KPS), modified Functional Living Index-Cancer (T-FLIC) and modified Quality of Life-Index (T-QLI) were used to estimate the quality of life. Interviews were done at entry, at the third month and at 2 months post complete treatment. At least two courses of chemotherapy were considered to be adequate for response evaluation. Patients were treated for a total of four to six courses or until progression of disease. Partial response rates were 40 and 41.7% in IEP and MVP arms. Median survival durations were 5.9 and 8.1 months for the IEP and MVP chemotherapy arms, and 4.1 months for BSC (log-rank test: P = 0.0003). One year survival was 13, 29.8 and 39.3% for the BSC, IEP and MVP regimens, respectively. Two years survival was 7.8, 6.4 and 13.1% for the BSC, IEP and MVP regimens, respectively. Improvement in quality of life (QOL) scores at the first, second and third interview were seen in chemotherapy arms only, not in the BSC arm. We conclude that combination chemotherapy improves the quality of life as well as prolonging the survival of patients with advanced NSCLC.

  12. DEVELOPMENT OF A STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT TOOL IN A THERMAL POWER PLANT USING ABC AND BSC MODELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rishi Dwivedi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In today’s dynamic, uncertain and highly competitive business environment, the long term success of an organization critically depends on the perceptions, choices and actions of its managers regarding their strategies. Activity based costing (ABC and balanced scorecard (BSC are the modern day management approaches acknowledged as reliable tools for strategy formulation and implementation in an organization. In this paper, ABC and BSC models are separately proposed and applied in the merry-go-round (MGR department of an Indian thermal power plant. The results elicited from adoption of these two models in the said power plant provide more accurate, timely, and reliable operational and financial information at different activity levels of the organization, which would help in effective strategic and tactical decision making. Even though, there are limited published research papers related to application of ABC model in power plants, none of them has adopted ABC and BSC techniques in an Indian contextual environment. Additionally, an integrated ABC-BSC model is designed to harness the complementary synergies of both ABC and BSC models.

  13. THE BSC AND THE HEALTH MANAGEMENT CONSORTIA: A CASE STUDY OF ITS APPLICABILITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Caroline Coutinho Coelho Guimarães

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The professional management development consistent with the demands of society is an undeniable reality in Public Health. The enactment of 11.107/2005 Law inserts an agenda for change in the reality of Health Consortia. Against this backdrop of change, uncertainty and social costs, we need to rethink management practices. The management supporting tools have been evolving rapidly since 1980, highlighting the Balanced Scorecard (BSC. The adoption of the BSC as a management supporting tool to consortia comes to meet the existing demand to improve professionalization in public administration. This article aims to analyze the applicability of a support management tool to a Health Consortia, based on BSC through a proposed pilot project in a consortium selected to do so. Thus, for the realization of this work, designed a Case Study in CISMEV - Consortium Health of Middle Velhas River, and developed a proposal for the construction of the BSC with nine distinct steps. Thus, it was possible to identify the key steps to be met for the adoption of new procedures and routines, as well as the challenges encountered in the development process of the BSC by public institutions. We also identified the possible gains from deploying this tool culminating in fulfilling the mission and building the organizational vision. It was felt that identifying motivators for choosing this tool, as well as their strengths and limitations are essential to the construction of this process with greater criticality.

  14. Rao-Blackwellised粒子滤波SLAM的一致性研究%Consistency of Simultaneous Localization and Map Building (SLAM)with Rao-Blackwellised Particle Filter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭剑辉; 赵春霞; 陆建峰; 康亮

    2008-01-01

    Rao-Blackwellised粒子滤波SLAM (RBPF SLAM)算法的复杂度与特征个数呈线性关系,对于大规模SLAM有明显的计算优势,但是该算法不能长时间满足一致性要求,必须进行改进.采用归一化估计方差NEES对算法的一致性进行了分析,得出粒子耗尽是造成算法不一致的原因,并分别采用辅助粒子滤波及正则粒子滤波对算法进行改进,以得到一致的RBPF SLAM.最后,通过大量的Monte-Carlo仿真实验,验证了方法的有效性.

  15. Critical factors in implementing the Balanced Scorecard-BSC Fatores críticos na implantação do Balanced Scorecard-BSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Augusto de Lucca Moreira

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Several issues can be raised regarding the critical factors for implementing management models such as the Balanced Scorecard (BSC. The success demands the understanding of the model by the implementation team and the workers involved. The entertainment industry, to which the Beach Park Hotel and Tourism, presents peculiarities that make the implementation of a management model a bigger challenge, and a segment that tends to grow at a rate of 10, 6% per year until 2016. Focusing the organization and context, this study aims to identify the critical factors of implementation of the BSC, through a case study, descriptive. The results showed the following critical factors for the implementation of the BSC: the absence of a culture of strategic planning, the complexity of the business and project, the history of a management style centralized and authoritarian, the centralization of the BSC at the top, restriction of management time to devote to the project; the absence of an information system, to support the project; not performing training and the lack of external consultants. In promoting organizational change, lacked adequate involvement of the leadership and and the support of the management of the dome. In successful cases, the history of management-oriented learning serves as the basis for a proper definition of the critical needs of the organization, and defining the appropriate indicators, factors that, in the case in focus, proved absent in a company without culture of planning. Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Inúmeras questões podem ser levantadas acerca dos fatores críticos para a implantação de modelos de gestão como o Balanced Scorecard (BSC. O êxito demanda a compreensão do modelo, por parte da equipe de implantação e dos colaboradores envolvidos. Ressalta-se que a indústria do entretenimento, em que se insere o Beach Park Hotéis e Turismo, possui particularidades que tornam

  16. Physiological response of BSC phototrophic community to EPS removal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adessi, Alessandra; Cruz de Carvalho, Ricardo; Silvestre, Susana; Rossi, Federico; Mugnai, Gianmarco; Marques da Silva, Jorge; Branquinho, Cristina; De Philippis, Roberto

    2015-04-01

    Biological Soil Crusts (BSCs) are associations between soil particles and varying proportions of cyanobacteria, heterotrophic bacteria, algae, fungi, lichens and mosses. BSCs play a major role in soil stabilization, and in drylands have been well acknowledged for mitigating desertification effects. Amongst the wide diversity of organisms that compose BSCs, cyanobacteria are the first primary producers: they colonize nutrient-limited soils, modifying the micro-environment through the excretion of large amounts of extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs). EPSs represent a huge carbon and nitrogen source for other inhabitants of the crust, are three-dimensionally spread through the first millimeters of the soil, and have a recognized role in influencing the hydrological behavior of the crust. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible role that EPSs play in the physiology of the phototrophic community residing on a light crust (without mosses or lichens, thus mainly inhabited by cyanobacteria and algae). In particular it was investigated whether the three-dimensional matrix in which EPSs are organized allowed light distribution and diffusion inside the crust, thus influencing photosynthesis. Non-invasive techniques were used to extract the polymeric matrix and to analyze photosynthetic performances in native and extracted BSC samples. Preliminary results suggested that the mild extraction protocol allowed to remove a portion of the matrix, and that this treatment revealed highly significant differences in the optical properties of the crusts comparing native and extracted samples. The extraction did not affect cell viability, as samples after the extraction were still photosynthetically active. However, chlorophyll variable fluorescence was significantly lower in the extracted samples than in native ones, and susceptibility to photoinhibition was significantly modified. Evaluating the role of the EPSs in the community is essential to further understand the

  17. Apoptosis and necrosis in vaccinia virus-infected HeLa G and BSC-40 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liskova, Jana; Knitlova, Jarmila; Honner, Richard; Melkova, Zora

    2011-09-01

    In most cells, vaccinia virus (VACV) infection is considered to cause a lytic cell death, an equivalent of necrosis. However, upon infection of the epithelial cell lines HeLa G and BSC-40 with VACV strain Western Reserve (WR), we have previously observed an increased activation of and activity attributable to caspases, a typical sign of apoptosis. In this paper, we have further analyzed the type of cell death in VACV-infected cells HeLa G and BSC-40. In a cell-based flow cytometric assay, we showed a specific activation of caspase-2 and 4 in HeLa G and BSC-40 cells infected with VACV, strain WR, while we did not find any effects of inhibitors of calpain and cathepsin D and E. The actual activity of the two caspases, but also of caspase-3, was then confirmed in lysates of infected HeLa G, but not in BSC-40 cells. Accordingly, poly(ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP) cleavage was found increased only in infected HeLa G cells. Consequently, we have determined morphological features of apoptosis and/or activity of the executioner caspase-3 in infected HeLa G cells in situ, while only a background apoptosis was observed in infected BSC-40 cells. Finally, vaccination strains Dryvax and Praha were found to induce apoptosis in both HeLa G and BSC-40 cells, as characterized morphologically and by PARP cleavage. These findings may be important for understanding the differences in VACV-host interactions and post-vaccination complications in different individuals.

  18. The Polar Crust Project- BSC Diversity and Variability in the Arctic and Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Laura; Borchhardt, Nadine; Komisc-Buchmann, Karin; Becker, Burkhard; Karsten, Ulf; Büdel, Burkhard

    2015-04-01

    The Polar Crust Project is a newly funded DFG initiative that aims to provide a precise evaluation of the biodiversity of eukaryotic green microalgae and cyanobacteria in Biological Soil Crusts (BSC) isolated from the Antarctic Peninsula and Arctic Svalbard. This project will include a thorough investigation into the composition of BSC in the Polar regions, this especially is important for Svalbard due to the severe lack of any previous research on such communities in this area. During our expedition to Spitsbergen, Svalbard in August 2014 we were particularly surprised to find that the coverage of BSC is extremely high and is certainly the dominant vegetation type around Ny Ålesund. Due to this discovery the project has now been extended to include long term measurements of CO2 gas exchange in order to gain exact seasonal carbon fixation rates and therefore discovering how the BSC contributes to the ecosystems carbon balance. The research areas of Spitsbergen were centred around 2 localities: Ny-Ålesund is a research town, home to the AWIPEV station, on the Brøgger peninsula. Longyearbyen, which is the largest settlement on the island, is found in the valley Longyeardalen on the shore of Adventfjorden. Areas where BSC is the prevalent vegetation type were identified, 6 around Ny-Ålesund and 4 for Longyearbyen, and vegetation surveys were conducted. This entailed 625 single point measurements at each site and identifying the crust/or other cover type. For example, green algal lichen, cyanobacterial crust, higher plant, open soil. Samples were also taken at every location in order to study the green algal and cyanobacterial diversity. The vegetation survey will allow us to get a good overview of the BSC composition at the different sites. In January 2015 an expedition to the Antarctic Peninsular took place, here the sampling method was repeated and therefore both Polar Regions BSC composition can be described and compared. Here, we wish to introduce the Polar

  19. Curriculum (Study Programme) for the 3rd to 6th semester of the B.Sc., Medialogy, at Aalborg University

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordahl, Rolf; Serafin, Stefania; Lavatino, Salvatore

    2004-01-01

    Major revision of the original curriculum of the B.Sc., Medialogy. Significant changes (extensive restructuring) in comparison with the first version of the curriculum.......Major revision of the original curriculum of the B.Sc., Medialogy. Significant changes (extensive restructuring) in comparison with the first version of the curriculum....

  20. Cramer-Rao bound of joint estimation of target location and velocity for coherent MIMO radar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Peilin Sun; Jun Tang; Shuang Wan

    2014-01-01

    The optimal estimation performance of target parame-ters is studied. First, the general form of Cramer-Rao bound (CRB) for joint estimation of target location and velocity is derived for co-herent multiple input multiple output (MIMO) radars. To gain some insight into the behavior of the CRB, the CRB with a set of given orthogonal waveforms is studied as a specific case. Second, a maximum likelihood (ML) estimation algorithm is proposed. The mean square error (MSE) of the ML estimation of target location and velocity is obtained by Monte Carlo simulation and it ap-proaches CRB in the high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) region.

  1. Fisher Information and the Quantum Cramér-Rao Sensitivity Limit of Continuous Measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelmark, Søren; Mølmer, Klaus

    2014-01-01

    Precision measurements with quantum systems rely on our ability to trace the differences between experimental signals to variations in unknown physical parameters. In this Letter we derive the Fisher information and the ensuing Cramér-Rao sensitivity limit for parameter estimation by continuous...... measurements on an open quantum system. We illustrate our theory by its application to resonance fluorescence from a laser-driven two-state atom; we show that photon counting and homodyne detection records yield different sensitivity to the atomic parameters, while none of them exceed our general result....

  2. Vergleich therapeutischer Effekte von Laserakupunktur und medikamenteller Therapie bei der COB (RAO) des Pferdes

    OpenAIRE

    Reitz, Astrid geb. Geisler

    2006-01-01

    Das Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit war der Vergleich der Wirksamkeit der Laserakupunktur bei der Behandlung der COB/RAO beim Pferd mit der medikamentellen Therapie. Die Effektivität der medikamentellen Kombinationstherapie ist vielfach belegt und dient als Positivkontrolle. Insgesamt 60 Pferde mit COB wurden zwischen November 2001 und Mai 2005 stationär in der Klinik für Pferde mit Lehrschmiede, Innere Medizin, der Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen aufgenommen und randomisiert in zwei Therapi...

  3. CRAMER-RAO BOUNDS FOR PARAMETER ESTIMATION OF PHASE-CODING SIGNALS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Chunlin; Jiang Wengli; Zhou Yiyu

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, Cramer-Rao Bound (CRB) is derived from phase-coding signal with additive white noise, where three important parameters are focused on: carrier frequency, chip width and amplitude. Simplified and close form expressions of CRB are obtained through complicated derivation, and then are applied to evaluate the performance of the cyclic estimator.The results are accurate enough and serve well as benchmark for evaluating the performance of parameter estimation method. Numerical simulations illustrate the accuracy and applicability of the derived CRB.

  4. Critical factors in implementing the Balanced Scorecard-BSC Fatores críticos na implantação do Balanced Scorecard-BSC

    OpenAIRE

    Fábio Augusto de Lucca Moreira; Maria Naiula Monteiro Pessoa; Augusto Cezar de Aquino Cabral; Sandra Maria dos Santos; Vivianne Pereira Salas Roldan

    2013-01-01

    Several issues can be raised regarding the critical factors for implementing management models such as the Balanced Scorecard (BSC). The success demands the understanding of the model by the implementation team and the workers involved. The entertainment industry, to which the Beach Park Hotel and Tourism, presents peculiarities that make the implementation of a management model a bigger challenge, and a segment that tends to grow at a rate of 10, 6% per year until 2016. Focusing the organiza...

  5. Analysis and interpretation of the Cramer-Rao lower-bound in astrometry: One dimensional case

    CERN Document Server

    Mendez, Rene; Lobos, Rodrigo

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we explore the maximum precision attainable in the location of a point source imaged by a pixel array detector in the presence of a background, as a function of the detector properties. For this we use a well-known result from parametric estimation theory, the so-called Cramer-Rao lower bound. We develop the expressions in the 1-dimensional case of a linear array detector in which the only unknown parameter is the source position. If the object is oversampled by the detector, analytical expressions can be obtained for the Cramer-Rao limit that can be readily used to estimate the limiting precision of an imaging system, and which are very useful for experimental (detector) design, observational planning, or performance estimation of data analysis software: In particular, we demonstrate that for background-dominated sources, the maximum astrometric precision goes as $B/F^2$, where $B$ is the background in one pixel, and $F$ is the total flux of the source, while when the background is negligible, ...

  6. Cramer-Rao Bounds and Coherence Performance Analysis for Next Generation Radar with Pulse Trains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ning Zhang

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available We study the Cramer-Rao bounds of parameter estimation and coherence performance for the next generation radar (NGR. In order to enhance the performance of NGR, the signal model of NGR with master-slave architecture based on a single pulse is extended to the case of pulse trains, in which multiple pulses are emitted from all sensors and then integrated spatially and temporally in a unique master sensor. For the MIMO mode of NGR where orthogonal waveforms are emitted, we derive the closed-form Cramer-Rao bound (CRB for the estimates of generalized coherence parameters (GCPs, including the time delay differences, total phase differences and Doppler frequencies with respect to different sensors. For the coherent mode of NGR where the coherent waveforms are emitted after pre-compensation using the estimates of GCPs, we develop a performance bound of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR gain for NGR based on the aforementioned CRBs, taking all the estimation errors into consideration. It is shown that greatly improved estimation accuracy and coherence performance can be obtained with pulse trains employed in NGR. Numerical examples demonstrate the validity of the theoretical results.

  7. Do fast stellar centroiding methods saturate the Cram\\'{e}r-Rao lower bound?

    CERN Document Server

    Vakili, Mohammadjavad

    2016-01-01

    One of the most demanding tasks in astronomical image processing---in terms of precision---is the centroiding of stars. Upcoming large surveys are going to take images of billions of point sources, including many faint stars, with short exposure times. Real-time estimation of the centroids of stars is crucial for real-time PSF estimation, and maximal precision is required for measurements of proper motion. The fundamental Cram\\'{e}r-Rao lower bound sets a limit on the root-mean-squared-error achievable by optimal estimators. In this work, we aim to compare the performance of various centroiding methods, in terms of saturating the bound, when they are applied to relatively low signal-to-noise ratio unsaturated stars assuming zero-mean constant Gaussian noise. In order to make this comparison, we present the ratio of the root-mean-squared-errors of these estimators to their corresponding Cram\\'{e}r-Rao bound as a function of the signal-to-noise ratio and the full-width at half-maximum of faint stars. We discuss...

  8. 76 FR 53137 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...

  9. 78 FR 37542 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC) Correction: This notice was published in...

  10. 76 FR 28438 - Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) The meeting announced below concerns RFA CE10-004,...

  11. 78 FR 29754 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC) In accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the...

  12. 75 FR 1062 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC) In accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the...

  13. 75 FR 82030 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics (BSC, NCHS) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...

  14. 75 FR 55333 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...

  15. 76 FR 9019 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics (BSC, NCHS) Correction: This notice was published in the Federal Register...

  16. 75 FR 17754 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...

  17. 77 FR 31018 - Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) The meeting announced below concerns Research Grants...

  18. 77 FR 22326 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...

  19. 78 FR 35036 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC) Correction: This notice was published in...

  20. 77 FR 31359 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics (BSC, NCHS) Notice of Cancellation: This notice was published in the...

  1. 77 FR 21778 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-11

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), announces the following meeting...

  2. 75 FR 69687 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases, (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-15

    ... Doc No: 2010-28581] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases, (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), the Centers for Disease Control...

  3. 76 FR 24031 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-29

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announces the following meeting...

  4. 78 FR 21370 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), announces the following meeting...

  5. 78 FR 11651 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), announces the following meeting...

  6. 76 FR 63926 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-14

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), announces the following meeting...

  7. 78 FR 69683 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), announces the following meeting...

  8. 78 FR 13678 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) Notice of Cancellation: A notice was published in the Federal Register on... both the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and...

  9. 78 FR 17411 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), announces the following meeting...

  10. 77 FR 67651 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), announces the following meeting...

  11. 75 FR 66772 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), announces the following meeting...

  12. 78 FR 11651 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH) In accordance with section 10(a) (2) of the... demonstrations relating to occupational safety and health and to mine health. The Board of Scientific Counselors shall provide guidance to the Director, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health...

  13. 78 FR 51729 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH) In accordance with section 10(a) (2) of the... Director, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health on research and prevention programs... evaluate the degree to which the activities of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and...

  14. Competencies of BSc and MSc programmes in electrical engineering and student portfolios

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mouthaan, Ton J.; Brink, R.W.; Vos, H.

    2002-01-01

    General goals of a BSc and MSc in electrical engineering are formulated, leading to a 'mission' statement clarifying the rationale behind the programmes in relation to the needs of society. These goals are made operational in terms of competencies that engineers educated through our programmes are r

  15. A survey on existing challenges of BSC implementation for performance measurement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behdad Gitinejad

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The balanced scorecard (BSC is a strategic oriented tool used comprehensively in profit and nonprofit organizations all over the world to synchronize routine processes of organizations to the mission and strategy, improve inner and outter communications, control organization performance toward strategic targets. BSC has emerged from a simple performance measurement framework to a comprehensive strategic management system. It changes an organization’s strategic plan from a passive document to an active guideline for the organization on a daily basis and provides a helpful assistance that not only enables performance measurements, but also helps planners identify what should be accomplished and measured. This study focuses on how BSC is adopted as a tool for measuring effectiveness of strategy implementation in these organizations. This study adapts the BSC as a powerful tool for reaching an organization’s performance in four significant areas: Financial perspective, Customer-Market perspective, Internal Processes perspective and Learning & Growth perspective. The results suggest that governmental organizations are somehow successful in achieving their objectives in various degrees.

  16. 76 FR 65729 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ...) Implementation of the National Academies Program Recommendations for Respiratory Diseases, Hearing Loss... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the...

  17. 77 FR 47850 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-10

    ... Technologies, and Health Hazard Evaluations; Construction Safety and Health, Respiratory Disease Studies, and... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the...

  18. 75 FR 7283 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, (BSC, CCID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-18

    ... National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases. 6. Plan the May meeting. Written comments... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, (BSC, CCID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...

  19. Analysis of error floor of LDPC codes under LP decoding over the BSC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chilappagari, Shashi [UNIV OF AZ; Vasic, Bane [UNIV OF AZ; Stepanov, Mikhail [UNIV OF AZ

    2009-01-01

    We consider linear programming (LP) decoding of a fixed low-density parity-check (LDPC) code over the binary symmetric channel (BSC). The LP decoder fails when it outputs a pseudo-codeword which is not a codeword. We propose an efficient algorithm termed the instanton search algorithm (ISA) which, given a random input, generates a set of flips called the BSC-instanton and prove that: (a) the LP decoder fails for any set of flips with support vector including an instanton; (b) for any input, the algorithm outputs an instanton in the number of steps upper-bounded by twice the number of flips in the input. We obtain the number of unique instantons of different sizes by running the ISA sufficient number of times. We then use the instanton statistics to predict the performance of the LP decoding over the BSC in the error floor region. We also propose an efficient semi-analytical method to predict the performance of LP decoding over a large range of transition probabilities of the BSC.

  20. An Example of an Improvable Rao-Blackwell Improvement, Inefficient Maximum Likelihood Estimator, and Unbiased Generalized Bayes Estimator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galili, Tal; Meilijson, Isaac

    2016-01-02

    The Rao-Blackwell theorem offers a procedure for converting a crude unbiased estimator of a parameter θ into a "better" one, in fact unique and optimal if the improvement is based on a minimal sufficient statistic that is complete. In contrast, behind every minimal sufficient statistic that is not complete, there is an improvable Rao-Blackwell improvement. This is illustrated via a simple example based on the uniform distribution, in which a rather natural Rao-Blackwell improvement is uniformly improvable. Furthermore, in this example the maximum likelihood estimator is inefficient, and an unbiased generalized Bayes estimator performs exceptionally well. Counterexamples of this sort can be useful didactic tools for explaining the true nature of a methodology and possible consequences when some of the assumptions are violated. [Received December 2014. Revised September 2015.].

  1. 平方根容积Rao-Blackwillised粒子滤波SLAM算法%SLAM with Square-root Cubature Rao-Blackwillised Particle Filter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋宇; 李庆玲; 康轶非; 闫德立

    2014-01-01

    面向大尺度环境中的移动机器人同时定位与地图构建(Simultaneous localization and mapping,SLAM)问题,提出平方根容积Rao-Blackwillised粒子滤波SLAM算法.算法主要特点在于:1)采用容积律计算SLAM中的非线性函数高斯权重积分,达到减小SLAM非线性模型线性化误差、提高SLAM精度的目的;2)在SLAM中直接传播误差协方差矩阵的平方根因子,避免了耗费时间的协方差矩阵分解与重构过程,提高了SLAM计算效率.通过仿真、实验将提出的SLAM算法与FastSLAM2.0、UFastSLAM两种算法进行对比,结果表明本文算法在SLAM性能上优于另两者.

  2. Cram\\'er-Rao Bound for Localization with A Priori Knowledge on Biased Range Measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Tao

    2011-01-01

    This paper derives a general expression for the Cram\\'er-Rao bound (CRB) of wireless localization algorithms using range measurements subject to bias corruption. Specifically, the a priori knowledge about which range measurements are biased, and the probability density functions (PDF) of the biases are assumed to be available. For each range measurement, the error due to estimating the time-of-arrival of the detected signal is modeled as a Gaussian distributed random variable with zero mean and known variance. In general, the derived CRB expression can be evaluated numerically. An approximate CRB expression is also derived when the bias PDF is very informative. Using these CRB expressions, we study the impact of the bias distribution on the mean square error (MSE) bound corresponding to the CRB. The analysis is corroborated by numerical experiments.

  3. MUESTREO DE RESPUESTA ALEATORIZADAS CON PROBABILIDADES DESIGUALES: EL ESTIMADOR DE RAO-HARTLEY-COCHRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor H. Soberanis Cruz1-, Jaime D. Cuevas Domínguez

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The technique of Randomized Response has been introduced to reduce the risk of evasive answer or no-response in survey samplings of sensitive issues to estimate the total of individuals with that sensitive characteristic. We also know that highly efficient strategies of estimation require strong auxiliary information. Hence, in this article we obtain and compare two estimators: The Rao-Hartley-Cochran (RHC estimator with Warner´s model and the RHC estimator with Greenberg´s model, both in a finite population setting.We will show via simulation that , the RHC -estimator in Warner´s model is less efficient than , the RHC -estimator in Greenberg’s modelK

  4. Cramér-Rao analysis of orientation estimation: influence of target model uncertainties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerwe, David R.; Hill, Jennifer L.; Idell, Paul S.

    2003-05-01

    We explore the use of Cramér-Rao bound calculations for predicting fundamental limits on the accuracy with which target characteristics can be determined by using imaging sensors. In particular, estimation of satellite orientation from high-resolution sensors is examined. The analysis role that such bounds provide for sensor/experiment design, operation, and upgrade is discussed. Emphasis is placed on the importance of including all relevant target/sensor uncertainties in the analysis. Computer simulations are performed that illustrate that uncertainties in target features (e.g., shape, reflectance, and relative orientation) have a significant impact on the bounds and provide considerable insight as to how details of the three-dimensional target structure may influence the estimation process. The simulations also address the impact that a priori information has on the bounds.

  5. Quantum metrology beyond the quantum Cramér-Rao theorem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seveso, Luigi; Rossi, Matteo A. C.; Paris, Matteo G. A.

    2017-01-01

    A usual assumption in quantum estimation is that the unknown parameter labels the possible states of the system, while it influences neither the sample space of outcomes nor the measurement aimed at extracting information on the parameter itself. This assumption is crucial to prove the quantum Cramér-Rao theorem and to introduce the quantum Fisher information as an upper bound to the Fisher information of any possible measurement. However, there are relevant estimation problems where this assumption does not hold and an alternative approach should be developed to find the genuine ultimate bound to precision of quantum measurements. We investigate physical situations where there is an intrinsic dependence of the measurement strategy on the parameter and find that quantum-enhanced measurements may be more precise than previously thought.

  6. Gating Techniques for Rao-Blackwellized Monte Carlo Data Association Filter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yazhao Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the Rao-Blackwellized Monte Carlo data association (RBMCDA filter for multiple target tracking. The elliptical gating strategies are redesigned and incorporated into the framework of the RBMCDA filter. The obvious benefit is the reduction of the time cost because the data association procedure can be carried out with less validated measurements. In addition, the overlapped parts of the neighboring validation regions are divided into several separated subregions according to the possible origins of the validated measurements. In these subregions, the measurement uncertainties can be taken into account more reasonably than those of the simple elliptical gate. This would help to achieve higher tracking ability of the RBMCDA algorithm by a better association prior approximation. Simulation results are provided to show the effectiveness of the proposed gating techniques.

  7. From Indianness to Humanness: Raja Rao and the Politics of Truth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Mercanti

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – Raja Rao is not merely a metaphysical writer, as many scholars of the first Commonwealth generation depict him, but rather a much more complex one whose literary dimensions transcend the commonplace essentializing ‘Hinduness’ conveyed by many critics over three decades. I offer instead an amplification of Rao’s idea of India by framing his novels in a cross-cultural space which evolves during the course of his entire oeuvre on both philosophical and political levels. This dynamic ambivalence has its foremost predecessor in Mahatma Gandhi’s politico-spiritual legacy, Satyagraha (‘the force of Truth’ which becomes the centripetal and cohesive force of Raja Rao’s fiction.

  8. Clinical problem solving ability of BSc and diploma nursing students in Indian setting--a comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezhilarasu, Punitha

    2012-01-01

    Clinical Problem Solving Ability (CPSA) is an important skill essential for nurses to achieve professional excellence which is developed during the educational process. A sample of 215 students from BSc and Diploma nursing educational programmes were studied to determine their CPSA and the differences were compared. A written simulation instrument (Ezhilarasu, 2000) with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.81 was used to measure the CPSA. BSc students scored significantly higher than Diploma students (p = 0). Final year students from both the programmes scored higher than the first year students (p = 0.01). The least commonly used step in clinical problem solving is evaluation. Along with other studies, this study also supports the influence of the educational process in the development of CPSA. Appropriate teaching strategies and role modelling by faculty should become an essential part in all nursing educational institutions.

  9. Improving efficiency of decision making units through BSC-DEA technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Reza Khaki

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Performance evaluation is one of the most important techniques to prioritize different decision making units. Data envelopment analysis (DEA, as a non-parametric method, plays an important role for measuring relative efficiency. Balanced score card, on the other hand, is another method to evaluate a business plan based on non-financial perspectives. The integrated BSC-DEA takes advantage of the advantages of both methods' features. In this paper, we propose a BSC-DEA method to rank different decision making units. We consider different financial criteria such as profit-margin, return on assets along with non-financial criteria such as customer satisfaction, advanced services, employee skills to compare the performance of different banks. The results are analyzed and discussed, which could be used for making better decisions.

  10. Application and verification of the NMMB/BSC-CTM forecast for solar energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soret, Albert; Serradell, Kim; Piot, Matthias; Ortega, Daniel; Obiso, Vincenzo; Jorba, Oriol

    2016-04-01

    In the beginning of April 2014, northern Europe was affected by a mineral dust intrusion. On 4 April 2014, the power prediction for German solar installations was estimated as 21 GW, whereas the measured power production merely reached 11 GW. This strong overestimation significantly affected the hourly price in the wholesale electricity market: prices were firstly assessed at around 27 € /MWh but rapidly reached a level close to 150 € /MWh after recognizing the lack of solar output. It has been found that a large proportion of the uncertainty of existing NWP models can be attributed to the lack of accurate aerosol data used in order to model solar radiation. Despite the advancements in the modelling of aerosol-cloud interactions, current meteorological models use parameterizations made mostly for climate considerations (generally monthly-based). In this contribution, we analyse model results of the direct radiative effect of mineral dust over Germany at the beginning of April 2014. For that, the NMMB/BSC Chemical Transport Model (NMMB/BSC-CTM) is applied on a regional domain at 0.1° horizontal resolution. The NMMB/BSC-CTM is a new on-line chemical weather prediction system coupling atmospheric and chemistry processes. In the radiation module of the model, mineral dust is treated as a radiatively active substance interacting both short and longwave radiation. The impact of the mineral dust outbreaks on meteorology is discussed by comparing model forecasts meteorological observations. The analysis focuses on the performance of the NMMB/BSC-CTM to simulate the radiative effects of a mineral dust intrusion far from source regions. Model results would help to illustrate the added value of on-line models for long term analysis of solar resource. On-going developments: integration of anthropogenic sources and implementation of indirect radiative effects will be also presented.

  11. Correlation and discriminant analysis between clinical, endoscopic, thoracic X-ray and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cytology scores, for staging horses with recurrent airway obstruction (RAO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilley, P; Sales Luis, J P; Branco Ferreira, M

    2012-10-01

    As recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) is progressive and as medical history is frequently unknown by owners, it's important to suggest a score model to characterize RAO stages for a more accurate diagnosis and treatment. The authors correlated clinical (CS), endoscopic (ES), thoracic X-ray (XRS) and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALFS) scores in horses with RAO, in an attempt to establish relevance of each factor's contribution for the characterization of RAO stages and to suggest a staging method. Thirty horses with RAO and ten healthy controls were studied. Pearson correlation coefficients were determined between CS, ES, XRS and BALFS. Only significant correlation coefficients (>0.60) were considered. One way variance analyses were used to compare the two groups. A discriminant analysis model was adjusted on the RAO staging method suggested. There was a significant correlation coefficient between the CS cough, nostril flare and abdominal lift, all the mucus ES (0.61-0.84), the XRS interstitial pattern, bronchial radiopacity and thickening and tracheal thickening (0.67-0.78) and the BALFS neutrophil percentages (0.63-0.84). These variables (e.g., cough) which presented a significant correlation coefficient were considered relevant and chosen for a score model to characterize RAO stages. The ten healthy controls were attributed stage 0 and the 30 RAO horses were attributed stages 1 (4 horses), 2 (7 horses), 3 (10 horses) and 4 (9 horses). There was also a significant correlation coefficient between all the relevant variables and the RAO stage (0.61-0.89). Furthermore, discriminant analysis of the RAO staging method showed 92.5% of original grouped cases and 85.0% of cross-validated grouped cases correctly classified, having confirmed major contribution of the same variables that had significant correlation coefficients. Even though further confirmation by lung functional testing is desirable, the significant correlation between relevant variables and RAO stage and

  12. An Integrated MCDM Method in Ranking BSC Perspectives and key Performance Indicators (KPIs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Alvandi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The balanced scorecard (BSC approach is an effective technique for performance evaluation. BSC can better reflect the dependence and feedback problems of each factor in real world situations. This study aims at developing a set of appropriate key performance indicators according to (BSC approach for SAPCO using multiple criteria decision making(MCDM method. We provide key performance indicators through literature reviews and experts' idea in SAPCO, which is one of the biggest vehicle spare suppliers in Iran. The proposed study uses decision making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL and analytic network process (ANP, respectively to measure the casual relationship between the perspectives as well as the relative weights. The results based on ANP method shows that ‘‘Customer’’ is the most influential factor. In addition, internal process, financial and learning and growth are in two to four positions. Three important key performance indicators are as bellow: Total price of parts, Customer satisfaction and Lack of parts in production.

  13. Elevated BSC-1 and ROMK expression in Dahl salt-sensitive rat kidneys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoagland, Kimberly M; Flasch, Averia K; Dahly-Vernon, Annette J; dos Santos, Elisabete Alcantara; Knepper, Mark A; Roman, Richard J

    2004-04-01

    This study compared the expression of enzymes and transport and channel proteins involved in the regulation of sodium reabsorption in the kidney of Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) and salt-resistant Brown-Norway (BN) and consomic rats (SS.BN13), in which chromosome 13 from the BN rat has been introgressed into the DS genetic background. The expression of the Na+/K+/2Cl- (BSC-1) cotransporter, Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE3), and Na+-K+-ATPase proteins were similar in the renal cortex of DS, BN, and SS.BN13 rats fed either a low-salt (0.1% NaCl) or a high-salt (8% NaCl) diet. The expression of the BSC-1 and the renal outer medullary K+ channel (ROMK) were higher, whereas the expression of the cytochrome P4504A proteins responsible for the formation of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic (20-HETE) was lower in the outer medulla of the kidney of DS than in BN or SS.BN13 rats fed either a low-salt or a high-salt diet. In addition, the renal formation and excretion of 20-HETE was lower in DS than in BN and SS.BN13 rats. These results suggest that overexpression of ROMK and BSC-1 in the thick ascending limb combined with a deficiency in renal formation of 20-HETE may predispose Dahl S rats fed a high-salt diet to Na+ retention and hypertension.

  14. Cram\\'er-Rao Bounds for Polynomial Signal Estimation using Sensors with AR(1) Drift

    CERN Document Server

    Kar, Swarnendu; Palaniswami, Marimuthu

    2012-01-01

    We seek to characterize the estimation performance of a sensor network where the individual sensors exhibit the phenomenon of drift, i.e., a gradual change of the bias. Though estimation in the presence of random errors has been extensively studied in the literature, the loss of estimation performance due to systematic errors like drift have rarely been looked into. In this paper, we derive closed-form Fisher Information matrix and subsequently Cram\\'er-Rao bounds (upto reasonable approximation) for the estimation accuracy of drift-corrupted signals. We assume a polynomial time-series as the representative signal and an autoregressive process model for the drift. When the Markov parameter for drift \\rho<1, we show that the first-order effect of drift is asymptotically equivalent to scaling the measurement noise by an appropriate factor. For \\rho=1, i.e., when the drift is non-stationary, we show that the constant part of a signal can only be estimated inconsistently (non-zero asymptotic variance). Practica...

  15. Novel Mobile Robot Simultaneous Localization and Mapping Using Rao-Blackwellised Particle Filter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Bingrong

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the novel method of mobile robot simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM, which is implemented by using the Rao-Blackwellised particle filter (RBPF for monocular vision-based autonomous robot in unknown indoor environment. The particle filter is combined with unscented Kalman filter (UKF to extending the path posterior by sampling new poses that integrate the current observation. The landmark position estimation and update is implemented through the unscented transform (UT. Furthermore, the number of resampling steps is determined adaptively, which seriously reduces the particle depletion problem. Monocular CCD camera mounted on the robot tracks the 3D natural point landmarks, which are structured with matching image feature pairs extracted through Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT. The matching for multi-dimension SIFT features which are highly distinctive due to a special descriptor is implemented with a KDTree in the time cost of O(log2N. Experiments on the robot Pioneer3 in our real indoor environment show that our method is of high precision and stability.

  16. Fractional Brownian Motion and Geodesic Rao Distance for Bone X-ray Image Characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Hassouni, Mohammed; Tafraouti, Abdessamad; Toumi, Hechmi; Lespessailles, Eric; Jennane, Rachid

    2016-10-19

    Osteoporosis diagnosis has attracted particular attention in recent decades. Textured images from the microarchitecture of osteoporotic and healthy subjects show a high degree of similarity, increasing the difficulty of classifying such textures. Thus, the evaluation of osteoporosis from bone X-ray images presents a major challenge for pattern recognition and medical applications. The purpose of this paper is to use the fractional Brownian motion (fBm) model and the Probability Density Function (PDF) of its increments to compute a similarity measure with the Rao geodesic distance to classify trabecular bone X-ray images. When evaluated on synthetic fBm images (test vectors) with the well-known Hurst parameter H, the proposed method met our expectations in that a good classification of the synthetic images was achieved. A clinical study was conducted on textured bone X-ray images from two different female populations of osteoporotic patients (fracture cases) and control subjects. Using the proposed method, an Area Under Curve (AUC) rate of 97% was achieved.

  17. The Cramer-Rao Bound and DMT Signal Optimisation for the Identification of a Wiener-Type Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Koeppl

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available In linear system identification, optimal excitation signals can be determined using the Cramer-Rao bound. This problem has not been thoroughly studied for the nonlinear case. In this work, the Cramer-Rao bound for a factorisable Volterra model is derived. The analytical result is supported with simulation examples. The bound is then used to find the optimal excitation signal out of the class of discrete multitone signals. As the model is nonlinear in the parameters, the bound depends on the model parameters themselves. On this basis, a three-step identification procedure is proposed. To illustrate the procedure, signal optimisation is explicitly performed for a third-order nonlinear model. Methods of nonlinear optimisation are applied for the parameter estimation of the model. As a baseline, the problem of optimal discrete multitone signals for linear FIR filter estimation is reviewed.

  18. Analysis of Relation between Model of Balanced Scorecard (BSC and Organization Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Roghani

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Intoday's competitive environment, the survival of enterprises depends on continuous improvement of performance in order to maintain and increase competitiveness and achieve higher profits. This is followed by setting goals, planning and therefore evaluation of the operation in order to be informed of the degree of success in achieving the predominated goals. Traditional methods of performance evaluation are mainly based on financial criteria and many of the effective qualitative criteria of the so called company is ignoring customer satisfaction. In this regard, the Balanced Scorecard and Excellence was introduced in the 1990s. Considering the importance and value creation The two organizations aim of this study was to assess the dimensions of the BSC model to improve the performance and excellence of Aghajari oil and gas exploitation company. Methods: This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the implementation model of balanced scorecard (BSC with the performance of companies operating in the Aghajari oil and gas in 2014. In this study, one main question and four sub-questions have been raised. The results of the questionnaire show that the compilation, implementation and enhancement the four aspects of the so called model and putting them in the organization bed helps the managers to line their strategic goal in the whole levels of the organization and ensure that all personels are aware of their long-termed business goals a and its realization strategy. The population of the study was 185 people top managers, middle, heads and experts of the company and due to the distribution of the functional units , number of samples have been taken and 125 people have been considered to be the main sample. Results: After explaining the survey it was found that 94 percent of the respondents regard the four BSC aspects to be important in the performance of ofAghajari oil and gas Exploitation Company,

  19. Measurement of dinitrogen fixation by Biological soil crust (BSC) from the Sahelian zone: an isotopic method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrhardt, F.; Alavoine, G.; Bertrand, I.

    2012-04-01

    Amongst the described ecological roles of Biological Soil Crust, N fixation is of importance for soil fertility, especially in arid and semi-arid ecosystems with low inputs. In BSC, the quantification of N fixation fluxes using an indirect method is widespread, usually with the Acetylene Reduction Assay (ARA) which consists in measuring the nitrogenase activity through the process of acetylene reduction into ethylene. A converting factor, still discussed in the literature and greatly depending of the constitutive organisms of the BSC, is the tool used to convert the amount of reduced ethylene into quantitative fixed Nitrogen. The aim of this poster is to describe an isotopic direct method to quantify the atmospheric dinitrogen fixation fluxes in BSC, while minimizing the variability due to manipulations. Nine different BSC from the Sahelian zone were selected and placed in an incubation room at 28° C in dark and light conditions during three days, while moisture equivalent to pF=2 was regularly adjusted using the gravimetric method with needles and deionized water, in order to activate and reach a dynamic stability of their metabolisms. Subsequently, each crust was placed into a gas-tight glass vial for incubation with a reconstituted 15N2 enriched atmosphere (31.61 % atom 15N, while the proportion of each main gas present in the air was conserved, i.e. 78% N2, 21% O2 and 0.04% CO2). Principal difficulties are to guarantee the airtighness of the system, to avoid crust desiccation and to keep the crust metabolically active under stable conditions for six hours. Several tests were performed to determine the optimum time for 15N2 incubation. Three replicated control samples per crust were also stabilized for three days and then dried at 105° C, without any incubation with 15N2 enriched atmosphere. Total N and 15N were then measured in the grounded (80μm) and dried (105° C) crust, using a Flash EA elemental analyzer (Eurovector, Milan, Italy) coupled to a Delta

  20. A new approach to analyze strategy map using an integrated BSC and FUZZY DEMATEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Abdollah Heydariyeh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Today, with ever-increasing competition in global economic conditions, the necessity of effective implementation of strategy map has become an inevitable and necessary. The strategy map represents a general and structured framework for strategic objectives and plays an important role in forming competitive advantages for organizations. It is important to find important factors influencing strategy map and prioritize them based on suitable factors. In this paper, we propose an integration of BSC and Fuzzy DEMATEL technique to rank different items influencing strategy of a production plan. The proposed technique is implemented for real-world case study of glass production.

  1. On Rao Jiong’s theory of the Zhuan-zhu%论饶炯的加符转注说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑伟

    2012-01-01

      六书之中,人们对转注的争议最大,众说纷纭。晚清学者饶炯在转注研究中独树一帜,创造性地提出了加符转注说,认为转注的实质是本字通过加形符或声符来实现文字孳乳的造字过程。他以王筠的分别文、累增字理论为基础,总结出了六种转注类型。转注字与被注字意义相同是其基本特征。同时还对所加形符和声符进行了系统的分类。他的学说对后世影响很大,当代学者多受其启发。不过,饶炯在加声符转注字中往往忽略了转注字与被注字的声音一致原则,还不够完善。%  The notion of the Zhuan-zhu with various interpretations has caused the most controversy in the study of the Liu-shu in which Rao Jiong had creatively advanced a new additional symbol theory. Rao argued that the essence of the Zhuan-zhu is a process in which an original character turns into a new one through adding certain pictographic and phonetic symbols. Rao had summed up six Zhuan-zhu types based on the character’s accumulation theory by Wang Yun and their common feature is the constant meaning for the original character and the new one. Rao also had systematically classified those pictographic and phonetic symbols. Rao’s theory produced a great in-fluence in later ages and many contemporary scholars agree with him. Howev-er, Rao Jiong who had some unsuccessful points tended to ignore some iden-tical principle.

  2. An empirical study to measure the relative efficiency and strategic planning using BSC-DEA and DEMATEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hemati

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Performance evaluation is one of manager's main concerns in today competitive world, which covers all aspects and dimensions of organization and it is adequately flexible and measurable. So, the necessity of performance evaluation application for organizations where their intangible assets are higher than tangible ones, such as educational institutions, is more obviously observed. Balanced scorecard (BSC is discussed by the aim of promoting manager's decision making and directing their attention toward extensive operational vision of organization compared to traditional measurement systems, which only include the financial measures. However, BSC is a qualitative approach and has some disadvantages and its integration by other quantitative techniques such as data envelopment analysis makes it more efficient. The proposed model of this paper uses DEMATEL technique as part of BSC-DEA model to empower strategic planning. The proposed model of this paper is applied for 10 zone university branches of Islamic Azad universities to provide an appropriate road map.

  3. Provably Efficient Instanton Search Algorithm for LP decoding of LDPC codes over the BSC

    CERN Document Server

    Chilappagari, Shashi Kiran

    2008-01-01

    We consider Linear Programming (LP) decoding of a Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) code performing over the Binary Symmetric Channel (BSC). The LP decoder fails when it outputs a pseudo-codeword which is not a codeword. Following the approach of [1], we design an efficient algorithm termed the Instanton Search Algorithm (ISA) which, given a random input, generates a set of flips, called BSC-instanton, such that the LP decoder decodes the instanton into a pseudo-codeword distinct from the all-zero-codeword while any reduction of the instanton leads to the all-zero-codeword. We prove that (a) the LP decoder fails for any set of flips with support vector including an instanton; (b) for any original input, the algorithm outputs an instanton in the number of steps upper-bounded by twice the number of actual flips in the input. Repeated sufficient number of times, the ISA outcomes the number of unique instantons of different sizes. We illustrate the performance of the algorithm on the [155,64,20] Tanner code and sho...

  4. Prioritization governmental insurance company according to BSC procedure by AHP group technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amene Kiarazm

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Insurance industry is one of the industries that have special importance and validity in modern economy, domestic and foreign trade. Performance evaluation and grading the insurance company in addition to determining the general position of agency in industry, market and informing the beneficiaries, cause increase in competition, dynamism in industry, and development in community. On the other hand, organization strategic performance evaluation is always one the first and most basic prerequisites for compiling improvement programs in organizations and it has a high importance. One of the strategic efficient models in this aspect is BSC that equally analyses all aspects of organization. The statistical population in this research is consists of four governmental insurance (Iran, Asia, Dana and Alborz. For collecting data, haphazard sampling procedure was used. Study tool is questionnaire whose reliability was measured by consistency ratio and whose validity was measured by content-construct method by acquiring the opinions of experts and some managers in this field of study and the results showed appropriate reliability and validity. In analysis data section, the group integrative procedures AHP and BSC were used. The results showed that the D insurance company had the higher final score than the other companies. After that the C, A and B insurance companies were respectively.

  5. Decimation-Enhanced Finite Alphabet Iterative Decoders for LDPC codes on the BSC

    CERN Document Server

    Planjery, Shiva Kumar; Declercq, David

    2011-01-01

    Finite alphabet iterative decoders (FAID) with multilevel messages that can surpass BP in the error floor region for LDPC codes on the BSC were previously proposed. In this paper, we propose decimation-enhanced decoders. The technique of decimation which is incorporated into the message update rule, involves fixing certain bits of the code to a particular value. Under appropriately chosen rules, decimation can significantly reduce the number of iterations required to correct a fixed number of errors, while maintaining the good performance of the original decoder in the error floor region. At the same time, the algorithm is much more amenable to analysis. We shall provide a simple decimation scheme for a particularly good 7-level FAID for column-weight three codes on the BSC, that helps to correct a fixed number of errors in fewer iterations, and provide insights into the analysis of the decoder. We shall also examine the conditions under which the decimation-enhanced 7-level FAID performs at least as good as ...

  6. SATCOM antenna siting study on a P-3C using the NEC-BSC V3.1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bensman, D.; Marhefka, R. J.

    1990-01-01

    The location of a UHF SATCOM antenna on a P-3C aircraft is studied using the NEC-Basic Scattering Code V3.1 (NEC-BSC3). The NEC-BSC3 is a computer code based on the uniform theory of diffraction. The code is first validated for this application using scale model measurements. In general, the comparisons are good except in 10 degree regions near the nose and tail of the aircraft. Patterns for various antenna locations are analyzed to achieve a prescripted performance.

  7. A BSC-DEA approach to measure the relative efficiency of service industry: A case study of banking sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. B. Aryanezhad

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Performance evaluation plays an important role in determining faults and difficulties of any organization as well as attempting to increase capabilities and improve activities. Data envelopment analysis (DEA, as a non-parametric method, has been one of the most important and significant management tools for measuring output or efficiency. In this paper, we propose a method to utilize balanced score card (BSC as a tool for designing performance evaluation indices of an organization. The integrated BSC-DEA has been applied as an empirical case for a major private bank organization and the results are analyzed.

  8. Propuesta de utilización de Balanced Scorecard (BSC) en la administración del Hospital Solca Guayaquil.

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    El Balanced Scorecard BSC o Cuadro Mando Integral CMI, es un método de gestión administrativa, que tomando en consideración la misión y visión de la organización y bajo una estrategia adoptada, de una forma técnica integra cuatro perspectivas: aprendizaje y desarrollo, procesos internos, servicio al cliente, y financiera. En Ecuador, el método BSC aplicado en la administración hospitalaria no ha sido reportado. Las mediciones exclusivamente financieras tradicionales para evaluar el rend...

  9. 我的父亲饶华%My Father Rao Hua

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶芃子

    2014-01-01

    饶华是韩山师范学院的杰出校友之一,是职业革命家。该文系作为其子女的作者,忆述其所从事的革命活动的历程,从左翼文艺运动的积极参与者,到受派回潮汕发动、组织左翼文艺运动;从抗战时期受密派到新组建第四战区北江挺进纵队负责统战工作,到撤回粤、滇、桂、越南等地从事地下革命活动;从回国后在新成立的中共滇东南地区工委、滇桂黔边军政任委职,到迎接解放大军入滇,解放后在云南军政、教育、宣传、出版、社科等部门任要职等传奇经历,为口述史的重要传记资料。%Rao Hua, one of the outstanding alumni of Hanshan Normal University, was a professional rev-olutionary. The author of this paper, Rao’s daughter recalled the experiences of his revolutionary activities:from an activist of Left-wing Literary Movement to an organizer in Chaoshan area; from a secretly appointed man in charge of united front work of Beijiang Advancing Column to an underground revolutionary activist with-drawing back to Yunnan-Guizhou-Guangxi-Vietnam Border Regions;from being a working committee mem-ber of South Eastern Yunnan District of newly-founded China to an official of important posts in such depart-ments as military, political, educational, propagandistic and publishing etc. These are important biographical data for oral history.

  10. Millipixel scale landmark location in images: The optics, the imaging system, and the Cramer-Rao bound on performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutierrez, Jose Alejandro

    2005-11-01

    Landmark location uncertainty in digital images, which is extensively used in high precision photogrammetry and machine vision applications, consist of the error measurement when locating the position of a specific image feature. Landmark location uncertainty has been previously described in the literature for particular landmark designs within the scope of specific applications and using simplified models. For the first time, a general framework to determine landmark location uncertainty in presented in this work. The framework includes the determination of the performance floor by means of the Cramer-Rao Lower Bound (CRLB). The methodology presented, considers the complete physical model of image formation, including 6 degree of freedom, landmark to camera geometry, diffraction, defocus, lens distortion, gray-scale, pixel geometry, and pixel sensitive area. With the framework developed, an analysis tool was created to model true engineering cases to allow the investigator to predict performance for any configuration of landmark, camera, imager and estimator used. This tool includes the determination of the CRLB performance floor for the configuration used. Additionally, this work also pioneers novel landmark location estimation algorithms with confidence intervals at tens of milli-pixel level, which not only perform more than 10 times better than existing estimation algorithms but also has been experimentally verified. The Cramer-Rao Lower Bound methodology introduced in the present work establishes a theoretical statistical minimum limit on the landmark location uncertainty. Knowledge of this bound provides the means to evaluate the actual performance of both existing and future landmark location estimators. The approach presented in this work includes a mix of analysis, where feasible, and numerical work where required, including numerically deriving the partial derivatives needed to compute statistical distributions and the Cramer-Rao Lower Bound.

  11. Profitability of companies that use Balanced Scorecard (BSC versus companies that use only financial performance indicators Rentabilidade de empresas que utilizam o Balanced Scorecard (BSC versus empresas que utilizam somente indicadores de desempenho financeiros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irani Rocha

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to verify whether there is impact difference on the profitability of companies that use financial and nonfinancial performance indicators, as proposed in the Balanced Scorecard (BSC, and companies that use only financial performance indicators. The survey includes companies listed in the magazines Valor 1000 and Exame Maiores e Melhores and, as for the sample, publicly traded companies listed in both publications, representing 169 companies. In the survey conducted to determine whether or not the company uses BSC, out of the 169 companies contacted, 65 responded and 104 did not answer the questioning. Out of the 65 respondents, 19 use BSC and 46 don´t. The indexes were extracted from the financial statements and the non-financial administration reports and explanatory notes. Three financial indicators were selected and, for the non-financial perspectives, for enterprises using BSC, through content analysis, indicators that characterize the customer perspectives were identified, as well as internal learning and growth processes. For the analysis of company results before and after the implementation of BSC, hypotheses were developed for the indicators that showed a more expressive correlation coefficient. The one-tailed test indicated a high correlation in the indicators of learning and growth perspective and a lower one from the costumer perspectives and internal processes. Although the evidences are not abundant, it was concluded that there is a difference in the profitability of enterprises that use financial and nonfinancial performance indicators compared to the ones using just the indicators of financial performance.O estudo objetiva verificar se há diferença de impacto na rentabilidade de empresas que utilizam indicadores de desempenho financeiros e não financeiros conforme proposto no Balanced Scorecard (BSC e de empresas que somente utilizam indicadores de desempenho financeiros. A população da pesquisa compreende

  12. Particle filters for the magnetoencephalography inverse problem: increasing the efficiency through a semi-analytic approach (Rao-Blackwellization)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sorrentino, A [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Genova (Italy); Pascarella, A; Campi, C [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Genova (Italy); Piana, M [Dipartimento di Informatica, Universita di Verona (Italy)], E-mail: sorrentino@fisica.unige.it

    2008-07-15

    We consider the problem of dynamically estimating the parameters of point-like neural sources from magnetoencephalography data. Since the problem is non-linear, we apply the sequential Monte Carlo algorithms known as particle filters for solving the Bayesian filtering problem. We suggest that the linear dependence of the data on a subset of the parameters allows the analytic computation of the posterior density for these parameters, i.e. Rao-Blackwellization; this considerably improves the accuracy of the method and its statistical efficiency.

  13. Azathioprine inhibits vaccinia virus replication in both BSC-40 and RAG cell lines acting on different stages of virus cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damaso, Clarissa R A; Oliveira, Marcus F; Massarani, Susana M; Moussatché, Nissin

    2002-08-15

    In the present study we demonstrate that azathioprine (AZA) inhibits vaccinia virus (VV) replication in both BSC-40 and RAG cell lines, acting on different stages of virus cycle. In BSC-40 cells, early protein synthesis was not significantly affected, but late gene expression was severely impaired. In RAG cells all stages of gene expression were completed during synchronous infection in the presence of the drug. The onset of DNA replication was not affected in RAG cells, but a severe inhibition was observed in BSC-40 cells. Electron microscopic analysis of VV-infected RAG cells treated with AZA revealed brick-shaped particles presenting abnormal definition of the internal structure. Purified virions from AZA-treated RAG cells presented several modifications of the protein content, a lesser amount of DNA, and a lower PFU:particle ratio. Our results suggest that in VV-infected RAG cells AZA interfered with virus morphogenesis, whereas in BSC-40 cells the replicative cycle was inhibited at the DNA replication stage.

  14. Medialogi (Dansk informations brochure om Medialogi-uddannelsen, 1. til 10. semester (B.Sc. & Cand.Scient))

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Hans Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    Informationsbrochure, 28 sider, om Medialogi uddannelsen (Cand. Scient.), der udbydes af Aalborg Universitet i Aalborg, Esbjerg og København. Brochuren beskriver 1. til 10. semester af uddannelsen (B.Sc. og M.Sc.). Informationen er primært rettet mod potentielle ansøgere til Medialogi uddannelsen...

  15. Changes in BSc Business Administration and Psychology Students' Learning Styles over One, Two and Three Years of Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Tine

    2013-01-01

    Knowledge on general or discipline-specific changes in the learning styles of university students can be utilised in the design and execution of courses, but little is known of such changes. The study examined the changes in the learning styles of three year groups of BSc Business Administration and Psychology students from admittance to one, two…

  16. [Management and accounting solution required in clinical laboratory department in the hospital and the balanced scorecard (BSC)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Toshiro

    2006-11-01

    This is to describe required accounting knowledge and the techniques for the clinical laboratory department management level people to operate their division from the viewpoint of management. Especially, the necessity and the efficacy of the BSC implementation in the clinical laboratory department are being explained.

  17. 76 FR 36923 - Meeting of the National Toxicology Program (NTP) Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC): Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Meeting of the National Toxicology Program (NTP) Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC): Notice of Cancellation AGENCY: National Toxicology Program (NTP), National Institute of Environmental... whiteld@niehs.nih.gov ). Dated: June 14, 2011. John R. Bucher, Associate Director, National...

  18. Differential Gene Expression Profiles and Selected Cytokine Protein Analysis of Mediastinal Lymph Nodes of Horses with Chronic Recurrent Airway Obstruction (RAO Support an Interleukin-17 Immune Response.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Korn

    Full Text Available Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO is a pulmonary inflammatory condition that afflicts certain mature horses exposed to organic dust particulates in hay. Its clinical and pathological features, manifested by reversible bronchoconstriction, excessive mucus production and airway neutrophilia, resemble the pulmonary alterations that occur in agricultural workers with occupational asthma. The immunological basis of RAO remains uncertain although its chronicity, its localization to a mucosal surface and its domination by a neutrophilic, non-septic inflammatory response, suggest involvement of Interleukin-17 (IL-17. We examined global gene expression profiles in mediastinal (pulmonary-draining lymph nodes isolated from RAO-affected and control horses. Differential expression of > 200 genes, coupled with network analysis, supports an IL-17 response centered about NF-κB. Immunohistochemical analysis of mediastinal lymph node sections demonstrated increased IL-17 staining intensity in diseased horses. This result, along with the finding of increased IL-17 concentrations in lymph node homogenates from RAO-affected horses (P = 0.1 and a down-regulation of IL-4 gene and protein expression, provides additional evidence of the involvement of IL-17 in the chronic stages of RAO. Additional investigations are needed to ascertain the cellular source of IL-17 in this equine model of occupational asthma. Understanding the immunopathogenesis of this disorder likely will enhance the development of therapeutic interventions beneficial to human and animal pulmonary health.

  19. A Survey of Unclassified ROSAT-BSC Sources for qLMXB Candidates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dufour, Francois; Rutledge, Robert E.

    2014-08-01

    Spectroscopic measurements of the thermal emission of neutron stars in quiescent low-mass X-ray binaries (qLMXBs) are one of only three methods to constrain the equation of state of cold nuclear matter. Up to now, this method has been limited in its application to qLMXBs within globular clusters, due to the high distance uncertainty of qLMXBs in the field. Gaia parallax measurements will soon allow the use of field qLMXBs with sufficiently bright optical counterparts in this key test of physics. We propose to undertake a survey of unclassified ROSAT BSC sources with high apparent X-ray to infrared flux ratios for H(alpha) excess, a tell-tale sign of accretion disks, in order to select qLMXBs candidates for X-ray followup.

  20. Etude de la liaison BTS/BSC du réseau GSM

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Le réseau GSM est la première norme de téléphonie mobile dans le monde. Un nombre croissant des abonnés en face des ressources radio limitées demande une utilisation adéquate de ces ressources. Le transport de la bonne qualité de service des réseaux cellulaires constitue la préoccupation majeure des opérateurs de réseaux. Dans ce contexte, nous avons étudiée dans ce projet les liaisons entre la BTS et BSC et nous nous sommes intéressés sur les PDH etles trames E1, E2, E3 et ...

  1. A framework to select commercial bank partner using fuzzy BSC-DEA method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moussa Azarbad

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available One of the primary concerns of many corporate organizations is to assess the weakness and strength of their future partners in an attempt to reduce all potential risks involved with them. In this paper, we present a BSC-DEA based model to indentify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of a firm. The proposed model of this paper assumes there are various uncertainties associated with all input/output parameters and uses fuzzy numbers to handle the uncertainties. We also consider a real-world case study of banking industry where four major banks are possible candidates of a partnership and implement the proposed model of this paper for this case study. The results of this study reveal some of the issues such as weakness of electronic banking, services and resource allocation as part of their infrastructure problems.

  2. The BSC implanting process in a nuclear research center in Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Cezar Augusto de; Guimaraes, Regia Ruth Ramirez; Filgueiras, Sergio Almeida Cunha [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Planejamento Estrategico e Qualidade - PE]. E-mail: cao@cdtn.br; rrrg@cdtn.br; sacf@cdtn.br

    2007-07-01

    The dynamics of the economical development founded due to the markets globalization and also to the increasing of the competition based on innovation, whose leadership belongs to the richest countries, presses for changes and moves the national and regional innovating systems. In a world of constant change, getting along with the external changes became one of the most relevant factors of the organizational success. Knowing and interpreting the external reality; monitoring the transformations; finding the opportunities and being able to answer fast and adequately; neutralize or minimize the threats: these and other abilities are constantly done by the most successful organizations, as part of a structured and conscious process focused on results . The technological research institutes were created in order to support the industries in their effort to overcome the competition by innovating. It is related, in last instance, to be an integrating part of the national or local innovating system, essential to the economical development and also to the improvement of life quality. However, they are put in this mutation atmosphere and fight for adapting to the new premises of the organizational success in order to have their mission fulfilled. In this context, the Development Center for Nuclear Technology - CDTN, makes an effort to adequate its strategically planning, by introducing and adapting the best administrating practices known nowadays. Among them, the Balanced Scorecard - BSC. This paper presents a brief form of each elaborating form of the strategic planning and also of the BSC implantation, it also clears up the level achieved by the organization and discusses the difficulties it faced. (author)

  3. Cellular distribution of the renal bumetanide-sensitive Na-K-2Cl cotransporter BSC-1 in the inner stripe of the outer medulla during the development of hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonalker, Prajakta A; Tofovic, Stevan P; Jackson, Edwin K

    2007-12-01

    1. The renal bumetanide-sensitive Na-K-2Cl cotransporter (BSC-1) is expressed only in the thick ascending limb and selectively traffics from intracellular vesicles (IVs) to apical plasma membranes (PMs), where BSC-1 regulates sodium reabsorption. We showed previously that in kidneys from adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR; model of essential hypertension) total protein expression of BSC-1 was higher compared with kidneys from normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. However, whether this change is associated with an increased trafficking of BSC-1 from IVs to PMs is unknown. The goal of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the increase in total renal BSC-1 protein expression in SHR is accompanied by an augmented distribution of BSC-1 from IVs to PMs. 2. To test the hypothesis, we obtained renal tissue from the inner stripe of the outer medulla (ISOM; enriched in thick ascending limbs) and isolated IVs and PMs from this tissue by differential centrifugation. Total BSC-1 protein expression in ISOM and BSC-1 protein expression in ISOM IVs and PMs were measured by semiquantitative western blotting in SHR and aged-matched WKY rats at different ages and stages of hypertension. 3. At 5 weeks of age, SHR were prehypertensive (mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) 97 mmHg). At this age, both the total abundance and cellular distribution of BSC-1 were similar in ISOM from SHR and WKY rats. 4. As SHR aged, their hypertension progressed (MABP 137 and 195 mmHg at 8 and 14 weeks of age, respectively). Associated with the increase in MABP was an increase in both steady state protein levels of ISOM BSC-1 and the distribution of ISOM BSC-1 to PMs (four- and sixfold increases at 8 and 14 weeks of age, respectively, compared with age-matched WKY rats; P BSC-1 mRNA was measured and was found not to differ between SHR and WKY rat ISOM at any age or level of MABP. 6. We conclude that as SHR transition from prehypertensive to established hypertension, there is a marked

  4. Chronic noradrenaline increases renal expression of NHE-3, NBC-1, BSC-1 and aquaporin-2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonalker, Prajakta A; Tofovic, Stevan P; Bastacky, Sheldon I; Jackson, Edwin K

    2008-05-01

    1. Because chronic activation of the renal sympathetic nervous system promotes sodium and water retention, it is conceivable that long-term exposure of the kidney to the sympathetic neurotransmitter noradrenaline upregulates the expression of key renal epithelial transport systems. 2. To test this hypothesis, we used immunoblotting of renal cortical and medullary tissue to investigate the abundance of major transport systems expressed along the renal tubule in response to long-term (15 days) infusions of noradrenaline (600 ng/min) in rats. 3. Mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate were significantly elevated in rats receiving chronic infusions of noradrenaline (128 +/- 10 mmHg and 492 +/- 16 b.p.m., respectively) compared with animals treated with saline only (89 +/- 3 mmHg and 376 +/- 14 b.p.m., respectively). 4. Chronic infusions of noradrenaline also increased the protein abundance of the cortical Na(+)/H(+) exchanger isoform 3 (NHE-3; 2.5-fold; P = 0.0142), the cortical sodium-bicarbonate cotransporter NBC-1 (2.5-fold; P = 0.0067), the bumetanide-sensitive sodium-potassium-chloride cotransporter BSC-1/NKCC2 in the inner stripe of outer medulla (threefold; P = 0.0020) and aquaporin-2 in the inner medulla (twofold; P = 0.0039). 5. In contrast, noradrenaline did not significantly affect expression of the thiazide-sensitive Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter in the cortex, Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase-alpha(1) in the cortex and inner stripe of the outer or inner medulla, the inwardly rectifying K(+) channel (ROMK-1) in the inner stripe of the outer medulla or aquaporin-1 in the cortex or inner medulla. Noradrenaline did significantly, but modestly (less than twofold), increase aquaporin-1 in the inner stripe of the outer medulla. 6. We conclude that noradrenaline-induced increases in the expression of NHE-3, NBC-1, BSC-1 and aquaporin-2 are likely to play an important role in the regulation of salt and water transport by noradrenaline in the kidney and may explain, at least in

  5. An enhanced Cramér-Rao bound weighted method for attitude accuracy improvement of a star tracker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jun; Wang, Jian

    2016-06-01

    This study presents a non-average weighted method for the QUEST (QUaternion ESTimator) algorithm, using the inverse value of root sum square of Cramér-Rao bound and focal length drift errors of the tracking star as weight, to enhance the pointing accuracy of a star tracker. In this technique, the stars that are brighter, or at low angular rate, or located towards the center of star field will be given a higher weight in the attitude determination process, and thus, the accuracy is readily improved. Simulations and ground test results demonstrate that, compared to the average weighted method, it can reduce the attitude uncertainty by 10%-20%, which is confirmed particularly for the sky zones with non-uniform distribution of stars. Moreover, by using the iteratively weighted center of gravity algorithm as the newly centroiding method for the QUEST algorithm, the current attitude uncertainty can be further reduced to 44% with a negligible additional computing load.

  6. Long-Term Supplementation with Beta Serum Concentrate (BSC), a Complex of Milk Lipids, during Post-Natal Brain Development Improves Memory in Rats

    OpenAIRE

    GUAN, JIAN; MacGibbon, Alastair; Fong, Bertram; Zhang, Rong; Liu, Karen; Rowan, Angela; McJarrow, Paul

    2015-01-01

    We have previously reported that the supplementation of ganglioside-enriched complex-milk-lipids improves cognitive function and that a phospholipid-enriched complex-milk-lipid prevents age-related cognitive decline in rats. This current study evaluated the effects of post-natal supplementation of ganglioside- and phospholipid-enriched complex-milk-lipids beta serum concentrate (BSC) on cognitive function in young rats. The diet of male rats was supplemented with either gels formulated BSC (n...

  7. Parasitic Ulcerous Caseous Gastroesophagitis Associated with Rameshwarotrema uterocrescens Rao, 1975 (Digenea: Pronocephalidae) in a Juvenile Green Turtle [Chelonia mydas, Linnaeus 1758 (Testudines: Cheloniidae)]: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, Rachel B; Jerdy, Hassan; Wernek, Max R; Goldberg, Daphne W; Bianchi, Mariah; Carvalho, Eulà  Gio C Q

    2017-01-25

    Here we report a case of ulcerative caseous gastroesophagitis associated with Rameshwarotrema uterocrescens; Rao, 1975 (Digenea: Pronocephalidae) in a juvenile green turtle (Chelonia mydas) from Southern Brazil. Similar pathologies have been reported only in adult green turtles from Costa Rica. This paper presents the second report of parasitic esophagitis due R. uterocrescens and the first occurrence in juvenile green turtles along coastal Brazil.

  8. Altered expression of renal NHE3, TSC, BSC-1, and ENaC subunits in potassium-depleted rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elkjaer, Marie-Louise; Kwon, Tae-Hwan; Wang, Weidong; Nielsen, Jakob; Knepper, Mark A; Frøkiaer, Jørgen; Nielsen, Søren

    2002-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether hypokalemia is associated with altered abundance of major renal Na+ transporters that may contribute to the development of urinary concentrating defects. We examined the changes in the abundance of the type 3 Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE3), Na+ - K+-ATPase, the bumetanide-sensitive Na+ - K+ - 2Cl- cotransporter (BSC-1), the thiazide-sensitive Na+ - Cl- cotransporter (TSC), and epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) subunits in kidneys of hypokalemic rats. Semiquantitative immunoblotting revealed that the abundance of BSC-1 (57%) and TSC (46%) were profoundly decreased in the inner stripe of the outer medulla (ISOM) and cortex/outer stripe of the outer medulla (OSOM), respectively. These findings were confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Moreover, total kidney abundance of all ENaC subunits was significantly reduced in response to the hypokalemia: alpha-subunit (61%), beta-subunit (41%), and gamma-subunit (60%), and this was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. In contrast, the renal abundance of NHE3 in hypokalemic rats was dramatically increased in cortex/OSOM (736%) and ISOM (210%). Downregulation of BSC-1, TSC, and ENaC may contribute to the urinary concentrating defect, whereas upregulation of NHE3 may be compensatory to prevent urinary Na+ loss and/or to maintain intracellular pH levels.

  9. Measurement of the Strategic Performance of Hospitality in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a balanced scorecard Approach (BSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed A.M. El-Hindawy, Dr.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we planned to realize the marketing managers’ perceptions through their perception of Strategic Performance Dimension of view and the Balanced scorecard (BSC technique for the Measurement of the Strategic Performance.The respondents in this study were a group of Marketing managers working in the Hospitality Sector (Experiences in number of years of Madina, Saudi Arabia Hospitality. It has been observed trough literature and a limited Marketing Managers’ survey that only financial perspective measures are used with objectives. Balanced Score Card (BSC enables to measure objectives across four perspectives: (1 the financial perspective, (2 the customer perspective, (3 the internal business process perspective, and (4 the learning and growth perspective. Hypothesis is formulated about the relationship between perception of managers about the Dimension of view and the Balanced Score Card (BSC and the years of Experience. We also designed a questionnaire that was distributed to a population of 130 Marketing managers in the field of Hospitality. The year of study was 2011, with Marketing managers’ survey instruments that measure Balanced Score Card Dimension. The result of the study shows that there are significant differences between the three types of Hospitality Marketing managers’ (Experience in number of years:1-3years, 3-6years, more than 6years. After discussing the findings, some policy implications are suggested for the Hospitality, as well to practitioners seeking an understanding of a practical managerial tool. Limitations of the study are highlighted and further research discussions are suggested.

  10. A novel hybrid MCDM model for performance evaluation of research and technology organizations based on BSC approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varmazyar, Mohsen; Dehghanbaghi, Maryam; Afkhami, Mehdi

    2016-10-01

    Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is a strategic evaluation tool using both financial and non-financial indicators to determine the business performance of organizations or companies. In this paper, a new integrated approach based on the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) and multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methods are proposed to evaluate the performance of research centers of research and technology organization (RTO) in Iran. Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) are employed to reflect the interdependencies among BSC perspectives. Then, Analytic Network Process (ANP) is utilized to weight the indices influencing the considered problem. In the next step, we apply four MCDM methods including Additive Ratio Assessment (ARAS), Complex Proportional Assessment (COPRAS), Multi-Objective Optimization by Ratio Analysis (MOORA), and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) for ranking of alternatives. Finally, the utility interval technique is applied to combine the ranking results of MCDM methods. Weighted utility intervals are computed by constructing a correlation matrix between the ranking methods. A real case is presented to show the efficacy of the proposed approach.

  11. Lecturers' experiences of facilitating guided group reflection with pre-registration BSc Nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mc Carthy, Jane; Cassidy, Irene; Tuohy, Dympna

    2013-01-01

    The development of reflective practitioners is integral to undergraduate nursing degree programmes. This study reports on lecturers' experiences of facilitating guided group reflection with pre-registration BSc Nursing students.The research purposively sampled lecturers (n=7) working in a department of nursing and midwifery at a third level institute in Ireland, all of whom were registered nurses. Using a qualitative research approach, data was collected through audio-taped semi-structured individual interviews. The data were thematically analysed using guidelines developed by Braun and Clarke (2006). Tripartite researcher discussion and further analysis of these initial individual analyses led to consensus regarding the three themes arising from the study. These were: Being a facilitator; Facilitating reflective learning and Creating structure. The discussion centred on: having knowledge and experience to effectively facilitate guided group reflection; the influence of the facilitator's personal philosophy on reflection and adult learning on group facilitation; and finally concerns regarding professional responsibility in response to students' reflective practice accounts.

  12. Development of a Framework for Sustainable Outsourcing: Analytic Balanced Scorecard Method (A-BSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio De Felice

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, many enterprises choose to outsource its non-core business to other enterprises to reduce cost and increase the efficiency. Many enterprises choose to outsource their supply chain management (SCM and leave it to a third-party organization in order to improve their services. The paper proposes an integrated and multicriteria tool useful to monitor and to improve performance in an outsourced supply chain. The Analytic Balanced Scorecard method (A-BSC is proposed as an effective method useful to analyze strategic performance within an outsourced supply chain. The aim of the paper is to present the integration of two methodologies: Balanced Scorecard, a multiple perspective framework for performance assessment, and Analytic Hierarchy Process, a decision-making tool used to prioritize multiple performance perspectives and to generate a unified metric. The development of the framework is aimed to provide a performance analysis to achieve better sustainability performance of supply chain. A real case study concerning a typical value chain is presented.

  13. A hybrid algorithm of BSC and QFD to determine the criteria affecting implementation of successful outsourcing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hemati

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Successful organizations share some identical factors that pave the way for their success. Among these factors, strategic management is the key to success for organizations to contribute more to the competitive world market of today. In this respect, the pivotal role of outsourcing cannot be denied. This research parallelizes the criteria affecting the outsourcing success as presented in Elmuti model with the Balanced score card method in the Tose'e Ta'avon Bank. In this research, questionnaires and interviews with experts helped determine the strategic goals at four perspectives of balanced score card method (at Tose'e Ta'avon Bank and the relative weights were computed for each of balance score card (BSC perspectives by using AHP method. As the next step, the indexes were prioritized by applying the quality function development(QFD technique and considering strategic goals at four perspectives in section "WHAT" and the outsourcing success criteria of Elmuti model in section "HOW". At the end of algorithm, the results are compared with the Elmuti method. Based on the results, the hybrid proposed technique seems to perform better than Elmuti.

  14. The Real-Valued Sparse Direction of Arrival (DOA) Estimation Based on the Khatri-Rao Product.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Tao; Wu, Huanxin; Zhao, Zhongkai

    2016-05-14

    There is a problem that complex operation which leads to a heavy calculation burden is required when the direction of arrival (DOA) of a sparse signal is estimated by using the array covariance matrix. The solution of the multiple measurement vectors (MMV) model is difficult. In this paper, a real-valued sparse DOA estimation algorithm based on the Khatri-Rao (KR) product called the L₁-RVSKR is proposed. The proposed algorithm is based on the sparse representation of the array covariance matrix. The array covariance matrix is transformed to a real-valued matrix via a unitary transformation so that a real-valued sparse model is achieved. The real-valued sparse model is vectorized for transforming to a single measurement vector (SMV) model, and a new virtual overcomplete dictionary is constructed according to the KR product's property. Finally, the sparse DOA estimation is solved by utilizing the idea of a sparse representation of array covariance vectors (SRACV). The simulation results demonstrate the superior performance and the low computational complexity of the proposed algorithm.

  15. Cramer-Rao Lower Bound Evaluation for Linear Frequency Modulation Based Active Radar Networks Operating in a Rice Fading Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chenguang Shi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the joint target parameter (delay and Doppler estimation performance of linear frequency modulation (LFM-based radar networks in a Rice fading environment. The active radar networks are composed of multiple radar transmitters and multichannel receivers placed on moving platforms. First, the log-likelihood function of the received signal for a Rician target is derived, where the received signal scattered off the target comprises of dominant scatterer (DS component and weak isotropic scatterers (WIS components. Then, the analytically closed-form expressions of the Cramer-Rao lower bounds (CRLBs on the Cartesian coordinates of target position and velocity are calculated, which can be adopted as a performance metric to access the target parameter estimation accuracy for LFM-based radar network systems in a Rice fading environment. It is found that the cumulative Fisher information matrix (FIM is a linear combination of both DS component and WIS components, and it also demonstrates that the joint CRLB is a function of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR, target’s radar cross section (RCS and transmitted waveform parameters, as well as the relative geometry between the target and the radar network architectures. Finally, numerical results are provided to indicate that the joint target parameter estimation performance of active radar networks can be significantly improved with the exploitation of DS component.

  16. Cramer-Rao Lower Bound Evaluation for Linear Frequency Modulation Based Active Radar Networks Operating in a Rice Fading Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Chenguang; Salous, Sana; Wang, Fei; Zhou, Jianjiang

    2016-12-06

    This paper investigates the joint target parameter (delay and Doppler) estimation performance of linear frequency modulation (LFM)-based radar networks in a Rice fading environment. The active radar networks are composed of multiple radar transmitters and multichannel receivers placed on moving platforms. First, the log-likelihood function of the received signal for a Rician target is derived, where the received signal scattered off the target comprises of dominant scatterer (DS) component and weak isotropic scatterers (WIS) components. Then, the analytically closed-form expressions of the Cramer-Rao lower bounds (CRLBs) on the Cartesian coordinates of target position and velocity are calculated, which can be adopted as a performance metric to access the target parameter estimation accuracy for LFM-based radar network systems in a Rice fading environment. It is found that the cumulative Fisher information matrix (FIM) is a linear combination of both DS component and WIS components, and it also demonstrates that the joint CRLB is a function of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), target's radar cross section (RCS) and transmitted waveform parameters, as well as the relative geometry between the target and the radar network architectures. Finally, numerical results are provided to indicate that the joint target parameter estimation performance of active radar networks can be significantly improved with the exploitation of DS component.

  17. The Real-Valued Sparse Direction of Arrival (DOA Estimation Based on the Khatri-Rao Product

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Chen

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available There is a problem that complex operation which leads to a heavy calculation burden is required when the direction of arrival (DOA of a sparse signal is estimated by using the array covariance matrix. The solution of the multiple measurement vectors (MMV model is difficult. In this paper, a real-valued sparse DOA estimation algorithm based on the Khatri-Rao (KR product called the L1-RVSKR is proposed. The proposed algorithm is based on the sparse representation of the array covariance matrix. The array covariance matrix is transformed to a real-valued matrix via a unitary transformation so that a real-valued sparse model is achieved. The real-valued sparse model is vectorized for transforming to a single measurement vector (SMV model, and a new virtual overcomplete dictionary is constructed according to the KR product’s property. Finally, the sparse DOA estimation is solved by utilizing the idea of a sparse representation of array covariance vectors (SRACV. The simulation results demonstrate the superior performance and the low computational complexity of the proposed algorithm.

  18. Analysis of sensor impulse response effects on Cramèr–Rao lower bounds for signal parameter estimators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ephraim S. Gower

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a generic analysis of sensor impulse response effects on linearly filtered channel noise is presented to illustrate the resulting variations to the Cramèr–Rao lower bounds (CRLBs of signal parameter estimators in signal processing and communication applications. The authors start by deriving the density function of a filtered signal, which is shown to be a mixture density, and hence the exact expressions for the mean and variance. Simulation results are used to confirm the derivations, which are then used to investigate the effects of impulse response length and variance, as well as channel noise length and variance effects on the resulting CRLBs. Results indicate that for non-zero-mean channel noise and impulse responses, the resulting mean of filtered noise can be relatively large causing adverse deviations to parameter estimations. The filtered noise variance is shown to be proportional to the impulse response energy, where for long duration of signal capture the CRLB is significantly increased.

  19. Statistical resolution limit for the multidimensional harmonic retrieval model: hypothesis test and Cramér-Rao Bound approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El Korso Mohammed

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The statistical resolution limit (SRL, which is defined as the minimal separation between parameters to allow a correct resolvability, is an important statistical tool to quantify the ultimate performance for parametric estimation problems. In this article, we generalize the concept of the SRL to the multidimensional SRL (MSRL applied to the multidimensional harmonic retrieval model. In this article, we derive the SRL for the so-called multidimensional harmonic retrieval model using a generalization of the previously introduced SRL concepts that we call multidimensional SRL (MSRL. We first derive the MSRL using an hypothesis test approach. This statistical test is shown to be asymptotically an uniformly most powerful test which is the strongest optimality statement that one could expect to obtain. Second, we link the proposed asymptotic MSRL based on the hypothesis test approach to a new extension of the SRL based on the Cramér-Rao Bound approach. Thus, a closed-form expression of the asymptotic MSRL is given and analyzed in the framework of the multidimensional harmonic retrieval model. Particularly, it is proved that the optimal MSRL is obtained for equi-powered sources and/or an equi-distributed number of sensors on each multi-way array.

  20. EARLINET dust observations vs. BSC-DREAM8b modeled profiles: 12-year-long systematic comparison at Potenza, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mona, L.; Papagiannopoulos, N.; Basart, S.; Baldasano, J.; Binietoglou, I.; Cornacchia, C.; Pappalardo, G.

    2014-08-01

    In this paper, we report the first systematic comparison of 12-year modeled dust extinction profiles vs. Raman lidar measurements. We use the BSC-DREAM8b model, one of the most widely used dust regional models in the Mediterranean, and Potenza EARLINET lidar profiles for Saharan dust cases, the largest one-site database of dust extinction profiles. A total of 310 dust cases were compared for the May 2000-July 2012 period. The model reconstructs the measured layers well: profiles are correlated within 5% of significance for 60% of the cases and the dust layer center of mass as measured by lidar and modeled by BSC-DREAM8b differ on average 0.3 ± 1.0 km. Events with a dust optical depth lower than 0.1 account for 70% of uncorrelated profiles. Although there is good agreement in terms of profile shape and the order of magnitude of extinction values, the model overestimates the occurrence of dust layer top above 10 km. Comparison with extinction profiles measured by the Raman lidar shows that BSC-DREAM8b typically underestimates the dust extinction coefficient, in particular below 3 km. Lowest model-observation differences (below 17%) correspond to a lidar ratio at 532 nm and Ångström exponent at 355/532 nm of 60 ± 13 and 0.1 ± 0.6 sr, respectively. These are in agreement with values typically observed and modeled for pure desert dust. However, the highest differences (higher than 85%) are typically related to greater Ångström values (0.5 ± 0.6), denoting smaller particles. All these aspects indicate that the level of agreement decreases with an increase in mixing/modification processes.

  1. Lwner Partial Ordering Inequalities on the Khatri-Rao Product of Matrices%关于矩阵Khatri-Rao乘积的Lwner偏序不等式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯晓霞; 杨忠鹏

    2002-01-01

    We apply some equalities on Khatri-Rao and Tracy-Singh products of matrices, under the condition of arbitrary partition, to establish some Lwner partial ordering inequalities on the khatri-rao and Tracy-Singh products of positive semi-definite matrices, further generalize the results in Liu Shuangzhe (1999, Linear Algebra Appl).%首先在任意分块条件下给出了矩阵的Khatri-Rao及Tracy-Singh乘积的一些等式,然后在此基础上建立了这两种矩阵乘积的不等式,从而推广了Liu Shuangzhe (1999, Linear Algebra Appl)的结果.

  2. 浅析经济增加值(EVA)与平衡计分卡(BSC)的融合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭向宇; 韩晓丽

    2012-01-01

    经济增加值(EVA)与平衡计分卡(BSC)是20世纪初从西方国家兴起的两个功能强大而又密切相关的管理会计工具.EVA是企业经营的终极目标,而BSC可以有效提升并驱动EVA的实现.因此,实现EVA与BSC的融合,对学界和业界都有着重大而深远的影响.

  3. A cause and effect two-stage BSC-DEA method for measuring the relative efficiency of organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Esmaeel Najafi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an integration of balanced score card (BSE with two-stage data envelopment analysis (DEA. The proposed model of this paper uses different financial and non-financial perspectives to evaluate the performance of decision making units in different BSC stages. At each stage, a two-stage DEA method is implemented to measure the relative efficiency of decision making units and the results are monitored using the cause and effect relationships. An empirical study for a banking sector is also performed using the method developed in this paper and the results are briefly analyzed.

  4. Cramér-Rao Lower Bound for Point Based Image Registration With Heteroscedastic Error Model for Application in Single Molecule Microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, E A K; Kim, D; Ober, R J

    2015-12-01

    The Cramér-Rao lower bound for the estimation of the affine transformation parameters in a multivariate heteroscedastic errors-in-variables model is derived. The model is suitable for feature-based image registration in which both sets of control points are localized with errors whose covariance matrices vary from point to point. With focus given to the registration of fluorescence microscopy images, the Cramér-Rao lower bound for the estimation of a feature's position (e.g., of a single molecule) in a registered image is also derived. In the particular case where all covariance matrices for the localization errors are scalar multiples of a common positive definite matrix (e.g., the identity matrix), as can be assumed in fluorescence microscopy, then simplified expressions for the Cramér-Rao lower bound are given. Under certain simplifying assumptions these expressions are shown to match asymptotic distributions for a previously presented set of estimators. Theoretical results are verified with simulations and experimental data.

  5. A phase 2, randomized, double-blind, multicenter study comparing siltuximab plus best supportive care (BSC) with placebo plus BSC in anemic patients with International Prognostic Scoring System low- or intermediate-1-risk myelodysplastic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Manero, Guillermo; Gartenberg, Gary; Steensma, David P; Schipperus, Martin R; Breems, Dimitri A; de Paz, Raquel; Valcárcel, David; Kranenburg, Britte; Reddy, Manjula; Komrokji, Rami S

    2014-09-01

    Interleukin-6 (IL-6) may play an important role in the pathophysiology of anemia of inflammation associated with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). This double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 study assessed the efficacy and safety of siltuximab, a chimeric anti-IL-6 monoclonal antibody, in patients with low- and intermediate-1-risk MDS who require transfusions for MDS anemia. Patients were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to siltuximab 15 mg kg(-1) every 4 weeks + best supportive care (BSC) or placebo + BSC for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was reduction in red blood cell (RBC) transfusions to treat MDS anemia, defined as ≥50% relative decrease and ≥2-unit absolute decrease in RBC transfusions. Fifty and 26 patients were randomized to the siltuximab and placebo groups, respectively. The study did not meet its prespecified hypothesis, with six (12%) patients in the siltuximab group and one (3.8%) in the placebo group having reductions in RBC transfusions (P = 0.271). At the time of the planned futility analysis, the prespecified cutoff criteria were not met, and the study was terminated early due to lack of efficacy. No unexpected safety findings were observed. In conclusion, compared to placebo, treatment with siltuximab did not reduce RBC transfusions in transfusion-dependent patients with low- and intermediate-1-risk MDS. Future studies might explore siltuximab in patients with less iron overload and with elevated IL-6 levels and/or using higher doses for MDS.

  6. Simultaneous localization and mapping implementation based on the improved Rao-Blackwellized particle filter%基于改进Rao-Blackwellized粒子滤波器的同时定位与地图构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗元; 傅有力; 程铁凤

    2015-01-01

    解决同时定位与地图构建(SLAM)问题是实现机器人自主导航的核心.目前,Rao-Blackwellized粒子滤波器(RBPF)是解决机器人同时定位与地图构建的有效方法.该方法在计算提议分布时,通常只考虑移动机器人的里程计信息,因此存在需要大量的采样粒子造成的计算量和复杂度增大的问题.本文提出一种改进算法,在计算提议分布时将机器人里程计信息和激光传感器采集的距离信息进行融合,有效地减少了所需粒子的数量并降低了滤波器预测阶段机器人位姿的不确定性.本文在机器人操作系统(robot operating system,ROS)平台上,使用配有URG激光器的Pioneer3-DX机器人进行了实验.结果表明,采用本文方法能够实时在线地创建高精度的栅格地图,为机器人在未知环境中的SLAM和导航提供了新途径.

  7. Classification and Prioritization of Strategic Plans in Balanced Score Card (BSC Model by Fuzzy Quality Function Deployment and Zero-One Goal Programming (ZOGP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    mehdi pourmostafa

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Due to continuous changes in organizational environment, there is no warranty for long term survival in the market. Currently, those organizations can succeed that are agile and able to rapidly respond to environmental requirements. In this research a model has been proposed for applying proper strategies for achieving long term organizational success. The proposed model is an integration of Balanced Score Card (BSC approach, Fuzzy Quality Function Development (FQFD and Zero-One Goal Programming (ZOGP. In fact by BSC, appropriate strategic plans can be designed and prioritized by FQFD. Then, based on multiple objectives and existing problem constraints, feasible strategic plans are identified by ZOGP. Findings imply that decision making techniques can be well utilized in designing BSC through a structured methodology make improvement in all aspects and have a positive influence on organization's performance in long term .   Keywords : B alanced Score Card , Fuzzy Quality Function Development, Zero-One Goal Programming, Strategic plans

  8. Performance measurement in governmental agencies using BSC-AHP: A case study of Civil Registry Office in Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Valashjerdi Majd Abad Kohneh

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Measuring the performance of governmental organizations plays an important role on increasing public satisfaction in any society. One of the effective models for assessing the organizations performance is balance scorecard (BSC model, which investigates all aspects of organizations. In this paper, we use a hybrid of analytical hierarchy process along with BSC to measure the performance of five different civil registry offices in Tehran, Iran. We use fuzzy terms to handle uncertainty in input numbers and using some technique convert fuzzy numbers into crisp values. The results of our survey indicate that learning and development is number one priority with relative importance of 0.491, followed by customer with relative importance of 0.293, internal process with relative importance of 0.173 and financial affairs comes at last with relative weight of 0.043. The study uses organizational researchers, training, quality, customer satisfaction, performance measurement, expenses and annual budget as major components for analyzing five regions. We have also performed sensitivity analysis to see the effects of different changes on ranking.

  9. Long-Term Supplementation with Beta Serum Concentrate (BSC), a Complex of Milk Lipids, during Post-Natal Brain Development Improves Memory in Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, Jian; MacGibbon, Alastair; Fong, Bertram; Zhang, Rong; Liu, Karen; Rowan, Angela; McJarrow, Paul

    2015-06-05

    We have previously reported that the supplementation of ganglioside-enriched complex-milk-lipids improves cognitive function and that a phospholipid-enriched complex-milk-lipid prevents age-related cognitive decline in rats. This current study evaluated the effects of post-natal supplementation of ganglioside- and phospholipid-enriched complex-milk-lipids beta serum concentrate (BSC) on cognitive function in young rats. The diet of male rats was supplemented with either gels formulated BSC (n = 16) or blank gels (n = 16) from post-natal day 10 to day 70. Memory and anxiety-like behaviors were evaluated using the Morris water maze, dark-light boxes, and elevated plus maze tests. Neuroplasticity and white matter were measured using immunohistochemical staining. The overall performance in seven-day acquisition trials was similar between the groups. Compared with the control group, BSC supplementation reduced the latency to the platform during day one of the acquisition tests. Supplementation improved memory by showing reduced latency and improved path efficiency to the platform quadrant, and smaller initial heading error from the platform zone. Supplemented rats showed an increase in striatal dopamine terminals and hippocampal glutamate receptors. Thus BSC supplementation during post-natal brain development improved learning and memory, independent from anxiety. The moderately enhanced neuroplasticity in dopamine and glutamate may be biological changes underlying the improved cognitive function.

  10. Análise do processo de implantação do Balanced Scorecard (BSC em uma instituição de ensino superior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josilene Martins Rocha

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to evaluate the critical factors for the implementation of the methodology of Balanced Scorecard (BSC in a higher education institution. The method used consisted of an exploratory research through in-depth interviews with eight managers who played an important role in the process of implementing the BSC. Data analysis began with transcription of the interviews and subsequent review of the content, being highlighted as positives the recognition of the importance of strategic planning for a higher education institution; the existence of a common strategic direction; the definition of comprehensive institutional priorities; the creation of a deployment team able to spread the BSC methodology; owning an information technology tool to support the process and rely the active participation of senior management. Moreover, the integration of the BSC system to others used by the University and the deepening of the long-term strategic management culture, were identified as challenges to greater ownership by the users of the tool.

  11. Long-Term Supplementation with Beta Serum Concentrate (BSC, a Complex of Milk Lipids, during Post-Natal Brain Development Improves Memory in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Guan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available We have previously reported that the supplementation of ganglioside-enriched complex-milk-lipids improves cognitive function and that a phospholipid-enriched complex-milk-lipid prevents age-related cognitive decline in rats. This current study evaluated the effects of post-natal supplementation of ganglioside- and phospholipid-enriched complex-milk-lipids beta serum concentrate (BSC on cognitive function in young rats. The diet of male rats was supplemented with either gels formulated BSC (n = 16 or blank gels (n = 16 from post-natal day 10 to day 70. Memory and anxiety-like behaviors were evaluated using the Morris water maze, dark–light boxes, and elevated plus maze tests. Neuroplasticity and white matter were measured using immunohistochemical staining. The overall performance in seven-day acquisition trials was similar between the groups. Compared with the control group, BSC supplementation reduced the latency to the platform during day one of the acquisition tests. Supplementation improved memory by showing reduced latency and improved path efficiency to the platform quadrant, and smaller initial heading error from the platform zone. Supplemented rats showed an increase in striatal dopamine terminals and hippocampal glutamate receptors. Thus BSC supplementation during post-natal brain development improved learning and memory, independent from anxiety. The moderately enhanced neuroplasticity in dopamine and glutamate may be biological changes underlying the improved cognitive function.

  12. Implementation of Information Management System for Radiation Safety of Personnel at the Russian Northwest Center for Radioactive Waste Management 'SevRAO' - 13131

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chizhov, K.; Simakov, A.; Seregin, V.; Kudrin, I.; Shandala, N.; Tsovyanov, A.; Kryuchkov, V. [Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency, RF Ministry of Health and Social Development. 46, Zhivopisnaya St., Moscow, 123182 (Russian Federation); Krasnoschekov, A.; Kosnikov, A. [Northwest Center for Radioactive Waste Management ' SevRAO' - a branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise ' Enterprise for Radioactive Waste Management' ' RosRAO' 183017, Murmansk, Lobova st., 100 (Russian Federation); Kemsky, I. [Regional management - 120 of the Federal Medical-Biological Agency, 184682, Snezhnogorsk, Valentina Biryukova St., 5/1 (Russian Federation); Sneve, M. [Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Postboks 55, 1332 Oesteraas (Norway)

    2013-07-01

    The report is an overview of the information-analytical system designed to assure radiation safety of workers. The system was implemented in the Northwest Radioactive Waste Management Center 'SevRAO' (which is a branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise 'Radioactive Waste Management Enterprise RosRAO'). The center is located in the Northwest Russia. In respect to 'SevRAO', the Federal Medical-Biological Agency is the regulatory body, which deals with issues of radiation control. The main document to regulate radiation control is 'Reference levels of radiation factors in radioactive wastes management center'. This document contains about 250 parameters. We have developed a software tool to simplify control of these parameters. The software includes: input interface, the database, dose calculating module and analytical block. Input interface is used to enter radiation environment data. Dose calculating module calculates the dose on the route. Analytical block optimizes and analyzes radiation situation maps. Much attention is paid to the GUI and graphical representation of results. The operator can enter the route at the industrial site or watch the fluctuations of the dose rate field on the map. Most of the results are presented in a visual form. Here we present some analytical tasks, such as comparison of the dose rate in some point with control levels at this point, to be solved for the purpose of radiation safety control. The program helps to identify points making the largest contribution to the collective dose of the personnel. The tool can automatically calculate the route with the lowest dose, compare and choose the best route. The program uses several options to visualize the radiation environment at the industrial site. This system will be useful for radiation monitoring services during the operation, planning of works and development of scenarios. The paper presents some applications of this system on real data

  13. 谈经济增加值(EVA)与平衡记分卡(BSC)的整合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李睿; 刘向伟

    2010-01-01

    企业的绩效评价体系影响着企业的经营方式,进而影响着企业自身的可持续发展.文章通过对企业社会责任理论、利益相关者理论以及经济增加值(EVA)和平衡记分卡(BSC)相关文献的梳理研究,提出了以利益相关者为基础的扩展的平衡记分卡(EBSC)和可持续经济增加值(SEVA)概念,并对两者进行整合,为企业战略实施和绩效评价提供了新的视角.

  14. Volcanic ash modeling with the online NMMB/BSC-ASH-v1.0: A novel multiscale meteorological model for operational forecast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marti, Alejandro; Folch, Arnau; Jorba, Oriol; Janjic, Zavisa

    2016-04-01

    Volcanic ash forecast became a research priority and a social concern as a consequence of the severe air-traffic disruptions caused by the eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull (Iceland, 2010) and Cordón Caulle (Chile, 2011) volcanoes. Significant progress has taken place in the aftermath of these dramatic events to improve the accuracy of Volcanic Ash Transport and Dispersal (VATD) models and lessen its associated uncertainties. Various levels of uncertainties affect both the quantification of the source term and the driving meteorological inputs. Substantial research is being performed to reduce and quantify epistemic and aleatoric uncertainties affecting the source term. However, uncertainties arising from the driving NWPMs and its coupling offline with the VATDMs have received little attention, even if the experience from other communities (e.g. air quality) highlights the importance of coupling online dispersal and meteorological modeling. Consequently, the need for integrated predictions to represent these two-way feedback effects of the volcanic pollutants on local-scale meteorology is timely. The aim of this talk is to present the NMMB/BSC-ASH, a new on-line multi-scale meteorological model to simulate the emission, transport and deposition of tephra particles released from volcanic eruptions. The model builds on the NMMB/BSC Chemical Transport Model (NMMB/BSC-CTM), which we have modified to account for the specifics of volcanic particles. The final objective in developing the NMMB/BSC-ASH model is two-fold. On one hand, at a research level, we aim at studying the differences between the online/offline approaches and quantify the two-way feedback effect of dense volcanic ash clouds on the radiative budget and regional meteorology. On the other hand, at an operational level, the low computational cost of the NMMB dynamic core suggests that NMMB/BSC-ASH could be applied in a future for more accurate online operational forecasting of volcanic ash clouds.

  15. 非线性阵列Khatri-Rao子空间宽带DOA估计%Khatri-Rao Subspace Wideband DOA Estimation for Nonlinear Array

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘捷; 周建江

    2013-01-01

    A Khatri-Rao subspace based wideband direction-of-arrive (DOA) estimation algorithm for nonlinear arrays without preliminary angle estimation is proposed. Prom steering vectors of the Khatri-Rao subspace virtual array, the wideband focusing matrix regardless of DOAs is constructed with a manifold separation technique. Benefited from the increased dimensions of the Khatri-Rao subspace virtual array, preliminary angle estimation can be avoided and the algorithm still performs well. On the other hand, by using Root-MUSIC, this method can avoid expensive spectrum searching used in conventional methods so as to reduce the computational burden. Simulations show that performance of the proposed method is close to the preliminary angle estimation needed Khatri-Rao subspace wideband DOA estimation algorithm, FKR-RSS. The proposed method performs better than FKR-RSS when the number of sources is more than the number of sensors.%针对非线性阵列,基于Khatri-Rao子空间概念提出一种新的无预估角宽带到达角(direction-of-arrive,DOA)估计方法.从Khatri-Rao子空间虚拟阵列导向矢量出发,利用虚拟阵列所增加的维数,以流形分离技术构造与到达角无关的宽带聚焦矩阵,无需预估角且估计性能良好.采用Root-MUSIC算法避免传统算法中的谱峰搜索过程,降低了计算量.仿真结果表明,该方法与需要预估角的已有Khatri-Rao子空间宽带DOA估计方法FKR-RSS相比,具有相近的估计精度和目标分辨力.在信号源数大于阵元数的情况下,其性能优于FKR-RSS.

  16. The Application Based on BSC in Performance Evaluation of the Clinical Departments of Public Hospitals%基于BSC 的公立医院临床科室绩效考核指标应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方孝梅; 罗杰; 涂自良; 明星辰; 张毅; 杨婷

    2013-01-01

    To build a public hospital clinical departments indicators of performance appraisal based on the BSC concept .Compar-ing the changes before and after the application of relevant indicators ,we can see it can promote the continuous improvement of the quality of medical care .We can provide guidance for the hospital to develop clinical indicators of performance appraisal ,ensure a bal-anced development of hospital quality and efficiency by exploring four dimensions indicators of the financial ,customers ,internal oper-ational processes ,and learning and growth indicators .%  探讨公立医院以BSC的理念构建临床科室绩效考核指标,通过对比应用前后的相关指标,以及临床绩效考核指标的应用,达到促进医疗质量的持续改善。通过财务、客户、内部运营流程以及学习与成长4个维度指标的应用效果的分析,为医院制定临床绩效考核指标提出指导意见,确保医院质量和效益均衡发展。

  17. 数字档案馆绩效评估中引入BSC的必要性与适用性%The Necessity and Applicability When Introducing BSC to the Digital Archives of the Performance Evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜丙通

    2014-01-01

    BSC是组织战略管理与绩效评估的重要工具之一,将其引入数字档案馆绩效评估中有现实必要性与客观适用性。%BSC is one of the important tools of organization strategy management and performance evaluation, introducing BSC to the digital archives of the performance evaluation is necessary and suitable.

  18. Essential role for NHERF in cAMP-mediated inhibition of the Na+-HCO3- co-transporter in BSC-1 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinman, E J; Evangelista, C M; Steplock, D; Liu, M Z; Shenolikar, S; Bernardo, A

    2001-11-01

    Prior studies have indicated a requirement for the PDZ domain-containing protein, Na(+)/H(+) Exchanger Regulatory Factor (NHERF), for protein kinase A (PKA)-mediated inhibition of the renal basolateral Na(+)-HCO(3)(-) co-transporter (NBC). The present studies explore the potential mechanisms by which NHERF transduces cAMP signals to inhibit NBC. In BSC-1 cells, cells that express NBC but lack NHERF, 8-bromo-cAMP (100 microm for 15 min) failed to inhibit transport until wild-type mNHERF-(1-355) was expressed. mNHERF-(116-355) containing PDZ II and C-terminal ezrin-binding sequences or a mutant unphosphorylated form of rabbit NHERF effectively transduced the cAMP signals that inhibited NBC. By contrast, mNHERF-(1-126) encompassing N-terminal PDZ I and mNHERF-(1-325), which lacks ezrin-binding, failed to support cAMP inhibition of NBC activity. NBC and NHERF did not associate with each other in yeast two-hybrid or co-immunoprecipitation assays, and confocal microscopy indicated distinct subcellular localization of the two proteins. NBC was phosphorylated in BSC-1 cells, but its phosphorylation was not increased by cAMP nor was immunoprecipitated NBC phosphorylated by PKA in vitro. Acute exposure of mNHERF-(1-355)-expressing BSC-1 cells to cAMP did not change cell surface expression of NBC. Although these results established an essential role for NHERF in cAMP-mediated inhibition of NBC in BSC-1 cells, they also suggest a novel mechanism for NHERF-mediated signal transduction distinct from that previously characterized from studies of other NHERF targets.

  19. Gas-phase evaluation of the online NMMB/BSC-CTM model over Europe for 2010 in the framework of the AQMEII-Phase2 project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badia, A.; Jorba, O.

    2015-08-01

    The Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative Phase2 aims to intercompare online coupled regional-scale models over North America and Europe. The NMMB/BSC Chemical Transport Model (NMMB/BSC-CTM) is a fully online integrated system for meso- to global-scale applications under development at the Barcelona Supercomputing Center. The NMMB/BSC-CTM is applied to Europe for the year 2010 in the framework of the AQMEII-Phase2 intercomparison exercise. This paper presents a spatial, temporal and vertical evaluation of the gas-phase model results. This is the first time that the model has been evaluated on a regional scale over a whole annual cycle. The model is compared with available ground-based monitoring stations for relevant reactive gases, ozonesondes, and OMI and MOPITT satellite retrievals of NO2 and CO. A comparative analysis of the present results and several European model evaluations is also presented here. The seasonal cycle for O3, NO2, SO2 and CO is successfully reproduced by the model. The O3 daily mean and daily maximum correlations for the analysed period are r = 0.68 and r = 0.75, respectively. The OMI tropospheric NO2 column retrievals are well reproduced, capturing the most polluted areas over Europe throughout the whole year. Modelled SO2 and CO surface concentrations are generally underestimated, especially during the winter months. Two different vertical configurations of the model (24 and 48 vertical layers) are also analysed. Although model results are very similar, the simulation configured with 48 vertical layers provides better results regarding surface O3 concentrations during summer. Compared to previous model evaluations, the NMMB/BSC-CTM's performance corresponds to state-of-the-art regional air quality models.

  20. 基于BSC的ERP实施绩效评价研究%A Study on the Performance Evaluation of ERP Implementation Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹明信; 徐学军

    2006-01-01

    在ERP实施绩效评价的现状分析的基础上,结合ERP实施的总体目标,提出了基于BSC(Balanced Scorecard,平衡积分法)的ERP实施绩效评价指标体系,同时运用专家综合评价方法,进行了应用举例.

  1. Metodo integrado para la gestion de Universidades basado en el Balanced Scorecard (bsc y el modelo europeo de calidad (efqm: caso U.C.S.M.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horacio Vicente Barreda Tamayo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente Trabajo realiza la propuesta de un Método Integrado que permite mejorar la competitividad en la Gestión de las Universidades, este método se basa: En una herramienta de Gestión Estratégica: el Balanced Scorecard (BSC, que fue creada por Kaplan y Norton en 1992; y En el Modelo Europeo de Calidad (EFQM, que fue desarrollado como un Modelo de Excelencia en 1991. La metodología utilizada consiste en analizar las características, ventajas y limitaciones del BSC y el EFQM para aplicarlos simultáneamente en la gestión de Tomando como base los 9 criterios del EFQM, se desarrolla un Mapa Estratégico del BSC, para que se alineen todas las perspectivas hacia el logro de los Objetivos Estratégicos de la Organización. El método integrado planteado se aplica en el caso de la Universidad Católica de Santa María (Arequipa- Perú, donde se analiza las ventajas que implicaría la implementación del mismo.

  2. State estimation with quantized innovations in wireless sensor networks:Gaussian mixture estimator and posterior Crame´r-Rao lower bound

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Zhi; Li Jianxun; Liu Liu; Liu Zhaolei; Han Shan

    2015-01-01

    Since the features of low energy consumption and limited power supply are very impor-tant for wireless sensor networks (WSNs), the problems of distributed state estimation with quan-tized innovations are investigated in this paper. In the first place, the assumptions of prior and posterior probability density function (PDF) with quantized innovations in the previous papers are analyzed. After that, an innovative Gaussian mixture estimator is proposed. On this basis, this paper presents a Gaussian mixture state estimation algorithm based on quantized innovations for WSNs. In order to evaluate and compare the performance of this kind of state estimation algo-rithms for WSNs, the posterior Cramer–Rao lower bound (CRLB) with quantized innovations is put forward. Performance analysis and simulations show that the proposed Gaussian mixture state estimation algorithm is efficient than the others under the same number of quantization levels and the performance of these algorithms can be benchmarked by the theoretical lower bound.

  3. State estimation with quantized innovations in wireless sensor networks: Gaussian mixture estimator and posterior Cramér–Rao lower bound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Zhi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Since the features of low energy consumption and limited power supply are very important for wireless sensor networks (WSNs, the problems of distributed state estimation with quantized innovations are investigated in this paper. In the first place, the assumptions of prior and posterior probability density function (PDF with quantized innovations in the previous papers are analyzed. After that, an innovative Gaussian mixture estimator is proposed. On this basis, this paper presents a Gaussian mixture state estimation algorithm based on quantized innovations for WSNs. In order to evaluate and compare the performance of this kind of state estimation algorithms for WSNs, the posterior Cramér–Rao lower bound (CRLB with quantized innovations is put forward. Performance analysis and simulations show that the proposed Gaussian mixture state estimation algorithm is efficient than the others under the same number of quantization levels and the performance of these algorithms can be benchmarked by the theoretical lower bound.

  4. Assessment of cognition using the Rao's Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests on a group of Brazilian patients with multiple sclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Bruno Bidin Brooks

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available To assess the cognition of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS using the Rao's Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests (BRB-N. METHOD: BRB-N was translated and adapted for control subjects. Subsequently, it was applied to a group of patients with relapsing-remitting (RR MS. RESULTS: The assessment on the healthy controls (n=47 showed that the correlation between tests on the same cognitive domain was high and that there was a five-factor solution that explained 90% of the total variance. Except for the Word List Generation subset of tests, the performance of patients with RRMS (n=39 was worse than that of the healthy controls. CONCLUSION: BRB-N is a relatively simple method to assess cognition of patients with MS in the daily clinic. It does not take long to apply and does not require special skills or equipment.

  5. The design of performance appraisal system of mine construction project Based on the BSC%基于 BSC 的矿井建设工程项目绩效评价指标体系设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟建锋; 梁磊宁

    2014-01-01

    Mine construction is a complicated project .Due to the particularity of the mine project ,it must strengthen the performance appraisal of mine construction .Traditional performance appraisal of the mine construction is mainly from the aspects of quality ,safety ,schedule ,cost ,etc .the appraisal is simple with single appraisal indexes .So this paper takes BSC as the instruction ,design the mine construction engineering project management of the high performance strategy map according to the particularity of mine construction project ,and construct the mine construction project performance evaluation index system ,so as to realize the effective connection strategy and performance appraisal and promote the improvement of the mine construction project management performance .%矿井建设工程一项复杂的系统工程,由于矿建工程的特殊性,必须加强矿井建设的绩效评价。而传统的矿建工程绩效评价主要从质量、安全、进度、成本等方面进行简单的评价,评价指标单一并缺乏系统性,基于此本文以平衡计分卡的管理思想为指导,结合矿井建设工程项目的特殊性,设计了矿井建设工程项目管理高绩效的战略地图,并据此构建了矿井建设工程项目绩效评价指标体系,以实现战略和绩效评价的有效衔接,促进矿井建设工程项目管理绩效的改善。

  6. 25-year analysis of a dental undergraduate research training program (BSc Dent) at the University of Manitoba Faculty of Dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, J E; de Vries, J; Iacopino, A M

    2008-12-01

    Research in the context of the dental school has traditionally been focused on institutional/faculty accomplishments and generating new knowledge to benefit the profession. Only recently have significant efforts been made to expand the overall research programming into the formal dental curriculum, to provide students with a baseline exposure to the research and critical thinking processes, encourage evidence-based decision-making, and stimulate interest in academic/research careers. Various approaches to curriculum reform and the establishment of multiple levels of student research opportunities are now part of the educational fabric of many dental schools worldwide. Many of the preliminary reports regarding the success and vitality of these programs have used outcomes measures and metrics that emphasize cultural changes within institutions, student research productivity, and student career preferences after graduation. However, there have not been any reports from long-standing programs (a minimum of 25 years of cumulative data) that describe dental school graduates who have had the benefit of research/training experiences during their dental education. The University of Manitoba Faculty of Dentistry initiated a BSc Dent program in 1980 that awarded a formal degree for significant research experiences taking place within the laboratories of the Faculty-based researchers and has continued to develop and expand this program. The success of the program has been demonstrated by the continued and increasing demands for entry, the academic achievements of the graduates, and the numbers of graduates who have completed advanced education/training programs or returned to the Faculty as instructors. Analysis of our long-term data validates many recent hypotheses and short-term observations regarding the benefits of dental student research programs. This information may be useful in the design and implementation of dental student research programs at other dental schools.

  7. Biomedical scientist training officers' evaluation of integrated (co-terminus) Applied Biomedical Science BSc programmes: a multicentre study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitt, S J; Cunningham, J M

    2011-01-01

    The introduction of the Institute of Biomedical Science (IBMS) portfolio for pre-registration training in 2003 allowed universities to develop integrated (co-terminus) biomedical science BSc programmes. Students undertake structured placements within clinical pathology laboratories as part of their degree. The clinical training and professional development of students is undertaken by training officers (TOs), who are experienced Health Professions Council (HPC)-registered biomedical scientists and usually also members of the IBMS. This study aims to evaluate TOs' perceptions of these integrated degrees as a means of delivering pre-registration training for biomedical scientists. A questionnaire to collect quantitative data and be completed anonymously was sent to TOs, via staff at participating universities. Items considered TOs' perceptions in four categories: how well students fitted into the laboratory team, their professional and scientific development, the impact of delivering integrated degrees on service delivery, and the commitment to training students. Surveys took place in 2007, 2008 and 2009 and involved TOs taking students from 10, 14 and 17 universities each year, respectively. The response rates to the survey were 60% in 2007, 34% in 2008 and 12% in 2009. Participants were representative in terms of age, gender and pathology discipline and had a broad range of experience with students. The overall mean score for TOs perceptions was 3.38 in 2007 which increased significantly to 3.99 in 2009 (Kruskall Wallis test chi2 = 21.13, P<0.01). Mean scores in three of the four categories were positive in 2007, although the impact on service delivery was perceived negatively. In all areas, means were significantly greater in 2009. The results indicate that TOs view the integrated degrees favourably and are happy with the scientific and professional development of students. Although designing training sessions suitable for undergraduates took extra work initially

  8. Application of BSC-SCOR Joint Model in Evaluation of Agricultural Produce Logistics Performance under Supply Chain Environment%供应链环境下BSC-SCOR联合模型在农产品物流绩效评价中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王浩澂

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we used the BSC-SCOR joint model to build the agricultural produce logistics performance evaluation system and then applied the AHP and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation to the systematic and overall examination of the performance of the agricultural produce logistics.%在供应链环境下,以农产品物流为研究对象,通过构建农产品物流绩效评价体系,运用BSC-SCOR联合模型思想,利用层次分析法和AHP模糊综合评价法对农产品物流绩效进行系统、全面地考察,旨在提高农产品物流服务水平,进一步促进我国农产品物流的发展。

  9. Rethinking to Non-financial Indicators of BSC--From the Angle of Intelligence Capital Management%对BSC非财务指标的重新思考--基于智力资本管理角度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玉红; 尤建新; 胡伟

    2013-01-01

      BSC以其财务和非财务之间的平衡获得美誉,然而BSC非财务指标的选择原则和方法却一直是管理实践中的难题。文章基于智力资本管理的角度重新审视BSC的非财务指标体系,将智力资本与BSC非财务构面进行整合,解决BSC非财务指标体系难以建立的问题,同时也使组织内部的智力资本管理变得可操作、可监控。%BSC gain its reputation from the balance between financial indicators and non-financial indicators,however the se--lection principle and method of non-financial indicators of BSC is always the problem of management practice.From the per--spective of intellectual capital management,this paper re-examines the system of non-financial indicators of the BSC,inte--grates intellectual capital and non-financial aspect of BSC,and solves the problems of difficult establishment of BSC non-finan--cial indicators system,so the organization of the internal intellectual capital management become operational and monitoring.

  10. Variance of All-Phase FFT Measuring Phases and Its Cramer-Rao Lower Bound%全相位FFT测相方差及其Cramer-Rao下限

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄翔东; 王博; 杜宇彬; 王兆华

    2013-01-01

    To disclose the underlying reasons of the superiority of apFFT in measuring phases compared with other existing methods, the distribution characteristics of spectral leakages and the theory of parameter estimation are combined. Therefore, one Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) involving two- unknown- parameter estimation is deduced, which is suitable to apFFT measuring phases. Based on the deduction, the relationship of apFFT phase error and frequency offset distribution is also obtained. Moreover, it is also pointed out that the novel CRLB is 12 dB lower than the traditional CRLB involving three parameters. Consequently, several conclusions are drawn for apFFT measuring phases under different signal to noise ratios (SNRs) and different frequency offsets. Simulation results indicate that the phase measuring variance of apFFT can be defined by CRLB2 with different SNRs and different frequency offsets, verifying the above conclusions and the correctness of the novel CRLB.%为揭示全相位FFT(All-phase FFT,apFFT)相位测量法相比于现有方法精度提高的内在原因,在前人基础上,结合谱泄漏分布特征及其参数估计理论,推导出了适用于apFFT测相的两未知参数估计模型的克拉罗下限(Cramer-Rao lower bound,CRLB),以及apFFT测相误差与频偏分布的关系.指出该理论下限比传统三参数的CRLB低12 dB,基于此总结出一系列在不同信噪比和不同频偏情况下的apFFT测相性能结论.仿真结果表明:在不同的信噪比环境和不同的频偏情况下,apFFT的测相方差都能被CRLB2所界定,验证了上述结论及其新的CRLB正确性.

  11. 3 D MU-MIMO Precoding Method Based on Khatri-Rao Product%基于Khatri-Rao积的3D MU-MIMO预编码方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴学文; 景小荣; 刘利

    2014-01-01

    In order to solve the problem of co-channel interference ( CCI ) in downlink 3 D ( Three Dimen-sion) MU-MIMO( Multi-user Multiple Input Multiple Output) system,a precoding method based on Khatri-Rao product is proposed. Firstly,outline codebook is designed,and then the user selects the best horizon-tal dimension precoding codeword and vertical dimension precoding codeword respectively,and feeds back to the base station,finally base station constructs 3D precoding matrix according to the proposed Khatri-Rao product and processes different users' data. Both theoretical analysis and simulations indicate that the proposed method can not only match the authentic channel state information( CSI) but also effectively sup-press the co-channel interference and improve system bit error rate( BER) performance. The research in this paper has a certain reference value for the system optimization.%为了解决下行三维(3D)多用户(Multi-User,MU)多输入多输出(MIMO)系统中的共信道干扰问题,提出了一种基于Khatri-Rao积的3 D预编码方法。该方法首先产生离线码本,然后各用户分别选择与水平维和垂直维信道最匹配的的码字并将其反馈给基站端,最后,根据提出的Khatri-Rao积基站端构造3 D预编码矩阵,对不同用户数据进行处理。理论分析和仿真结果表明,该方法可有效地匹配真实信道状态信息( CSI),而且可有效地抑制共信道干扰,提升系统误码性能,对系统的性能优化有一定的参考价值。

  12. BSC-Based Performance Evaluation Framework of Digital Archives%基于BSC的数字档案馆绩效评估架构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜丙通

    2015-01-01

    平衡计分卡(BSC)是企业战略管理与绩效评估的重要工具,将其引入数字档案馆绩效评估实践中有客观的适用性.文章通过对测评结构的调整与指标修正,初步构建基于BSC的数字档案馆绩效评估基本框架.

  13. On Practical Application of Balanced Scoring Card%浅论平衡记分卡(BSC)的实际应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晋涛

    2005-01-01

    平衡记分卡(the Balanced Score Card,简称BSC)作为一种前沿的、全新的组织绩效管理手段的管理思想,在全世界的各行各业得到广泛的运用.它是一个具有多维角度的绩效衡量模式,即通过四个层面:财务、客户、内部流程及员工学习与成长能力来实施策略管理.

  14. Carrier and Clock Recovery in (Turbo-Coded Systems: Cramér-Rao Bound and Synchronizer Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Moeneclaey

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we derive the Cramér-Rao bound (CRB for joint carrier phase, carrier frequency, and timing estimation from a noisy linearly modulated signal with encoded data symbols. We obtain a closed-form expression for the CRB in terms of the marginal a posteriori probabilities of the coded symbols, allowing efficient numerical evaluation of the CRB for a wide range of coded systems by means of the BCJR algorithm. Simulation results are presented for a rate 1/2 turbo code combined with QPSK mapping. We point out that the synchronization parameters for the coded system are essentially decoupled. We find that, at the normal (i.e., low operating SNR of the turbo-coded system, the true CRB for coded transmission is (i essentially the same as the modified CRB and (ii considerably smaller than the true CRB for uncoded transmission. Comparison of actual synchronizer performance with the CRB for turbo-coded QPSK reveals that a “code-aware” soft-decision-directed synchronizer can perform very closely to this CRB, whereas “code-unaware” estimators such as the conventional non-data-aided algorithm are substantially worse; when operating on coded signals, the performance of the latter synchronizers is still limited by the CRB for uncoded transmission.

  15. Radiological protection regulation during spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management in the western branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise 'SevRAO'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simakov, A V; Sneve, M K; Abramov, Yu V; Kochetkov, O A; Smith, G M; Tsovianov, A G; Romanov, V V

    2008-12-01

    The site of temporary storage of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste, situated at Andreeva Bay in Northwest Russia, was developed in the 1960s, and it has carried out receipt and storage of fresh and spent nuclear fuel, and solid and liquid radioactive waste generated during the operation of nuclear submarines and nuclear-powered icebreakers. The site is now operated as the western branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise, SevRAO. In the course of operation over several decades, the containment barriers in the Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste storage facilities partially lost their containment effectiveness, so workshop facilities and parts of the site became contaminated with radioactive substances. This paper describes work being undertaken to provide an updated regulatory basis for the protection of workers during especially hazardous remediation activities, necessary because of the unusual radiation conditions at the site. It describes the results of recent survey work carried out by the Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Centre, within a programme of regulatory cooperation between the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority and the Federal Medical-Biological Agency of Russia. The survey work and subsequent analyses have contributed to the development of special regulations setting out radiological protection requirements for operations planned at the site. Within these requirements, and taking account of a variety of other factors, a continuing need arises for the implementation of optimisation of remediation at Andreeva Bay.

  16. Analysis of the Bayesian Cramer-Rao lower bound in astrometry: Studying the impact of prior information in the location of an object

    CERN Document Server

    Echeverria, Alex; Mendez, Rene A; Orchard, Marcos

    2016-01-01

    Context. The best precision that can be achieved to estimate the location of a stellar-like object is a topic of permanent interest in the astrometric community. Aims. We analyse bounds for the best position estimation of a stellar-like object on a CCD detector array in a Bayesian setting where the position is unknown, but where we have access to a prior distribution. In contrast to a parametric setting where we estimate a parameter from observations, the Bayesian approach estimates a random object (i.e., the position is a random variable) from observations that are statistically dependent on the position. Methods. We characterize the Bayesian Cramer-Rao (CR) that bounds the minimum mean square error (MMSE) of the best estimator of the position of a point source on a linear CCD-like detector, as a function of the properties of detector, the source, and the background. Results. We quantify and analyse the increase in astrometric performance from the use of a prior distribution of the object position, which is ...

  17. Modified Cramér-Rao lower bounds for joint position and velocity estimation of a Rician target in OFDM-based passive radar networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, C. G.; Salous, S.; Wang, F.; Zhou, J. J.

    2017-01-01

    Owing to the increased deployment and the favorable range and Doppler resolutions, orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM)-based L band digital aeronautical communication system type 1 (LDACS1) stations have become attractive systems for target surveillance in passive radar applications. This paper investigates the problem of joint parameter (position and velocity) estimation of a Rician target in OFDM-based passive radar network systems with multichannel receivers placed on moving platforms, which are composed of multiple OFDM-based LDACS1 transmitters of opportunity and multiple radar receivers. The modified Cramér-Rao lower bounds (MCRLBs) on the Cartesian coordinates of target position and velocity are computed, where the received signal from the target is composed of dominant scatterer (DS) component and weak isotropic scatterers (WIS) component. Simulation results are provided to demonstrate that the target parameter estimation accuracy can be improved by exploiting the DS component. It also shows that the joint MCRLB is not only a function of the transmitted waveform parameters, target radar cross section, and signal-to-noise ratio but also a function of the relative geometry between the target and the passive radar networks. The analytical expressions of MCRLB can be utilized as a performance metric to access the target parameter estimation in OFDM-based passive radar networks in that they enable the selection of optimal transmitter-receiver pairs for target estimation.

  18. The Integration of EVA and BSC in Enterprise Comprehensive Performance Evaluation System%整合EVA和BSC的企业综合业绩评价体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李冬嵬

    2012-01-01

    Based on defining the meaning of EVA and BSC, the paper synthetic performance evaluation model is established by integration of EVA and BSC. Relating result indicators to process indicators, the model clearly dis- closes the critical precedent triggering factors in financial and non -financial aspects, realizing the overall evalua- tion on value - created drivers and results, realizing performance evaluation and strategic implementation united, which makes performance evaluation operational. With a view to provide meaningful recommendations to the enter- prise in the actual implementation of comprehensive performance evaluation.%从对经济增加值和平衡计分卡涵义的界定人手,整合EVA与BSC的思想,构建企业业绩评价体系。通过相关模型构建,系统地研究影响企业EVA变动的主要因素,使业绩评价具有可操作性。希望通过对企业综合业绩评价体系的构建研究,能够为该方法在企业中的应用提供借鉴。

  19. Persistence, how do they do it? A case study of Access to Higher Education learners on a U.K. Diploma/BSc nursing programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinsliff-Smith, Kathryn; Gates, Peter; Leducq, Marion

    2012-01-01

    In 2006, the United Kingdom (U.K.) Department of Health (DoH) produced guidelines, requiring institutions to address the attrition rates for student nurses and midwives. This issue is not only a concern in the U.K. but has gained prominence in other Schools of Nursing including the U.S.A., Australia, and developing countries. Many Schools of Nursing have witnessed a change in their student population with a growing prominence of mature entrants (those over 21). Studies that focus on learner persistence, in particular mature students are relatively rare and very scarce on entrants with an Access to Higher Education (HE) qualification. This study, using focus group interviews, involved Access to HE learners who successfully progressed to a Diploma of Higher Education (DipHE)/Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Nursing at one U.K. University. The study findings indicated that Access to HE learners are able to develop a range of coping strategies in relation to academic demands and caring responsibilities, which are drawn upon in their DipHE/BSc programme. The findings have relevance for all Schools of Nursing as we face new and difficult challenges not least the global shortage of qualified nurses and the pressures placed on educators to retain student nurses.

  20. “古雅”:饶锷先生的文化心态与审美境界%Rao E and the Crisis of Chinese Consciousness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闵定庆

    2013-01-01

    Rao E(1890-1932), as a famous businessman, antiquarian, bibliophile, scholar, writer and social activist in Chaozhou area , dedicated his life to preserving the quintessence of Chinese culture and rehabilitating the study of Chinese culture .On the one hand , he was diligent and prolific , having filled up a lot of academic blanks . On another hand , he took an active part in launching journals , publishing books , forming associations , and holding the scholars together .He welded together a group with characteristics of the times and places , making a positive contribution to preserving and promoting Chinese traditional culture .The series of activities and writings contained the lofty aspiration that administer affairs with his scholarship just like Gu Yanwu , and radiated with a classic and elegant charisma .Rao E worked hard at the transform between his social identity and cultural identity , trying to continue the tradition from the level of creative spirit , which originated from Chinese classic humanities , in re-sponse to the challenge of Western learning .It fully embodied the typical spirit and thought of native intellectuals in the modern transition period .%饶锷先生(1890-1932)作为潮州的富商、文物收藏家、藏书家、学者、作家及社会活动家,毕生致力于保存国粹、振兴国学,一方面勤于著述,著作等身,创获极多,填补了不少学术空白,另一方面,积极办刊、出书、结社,团结潮汕学人,凝聚了一个时代特色、地域特色鲜明的“古学”群体,为保存与弘扬中华传统文化作出了积极贡献。这一系列“国故学”活动,蕴涵着顾炎武式的“学术经世”的入世弘愿,散发着“古雅”的气息。饶锷努力实现社会身份与文化身份的转型,试图从中国古典学术的创造性精神层面赓续传统,以回应西学的挑战,充分体现了近代转型时期本土知识分子特有的精神气质与思想深度。

  1. Analysis of the Bayesian Cramér-Rao lower bound in astrometry. Studying the impact of prior information in the location of an object

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echeverria, Alex; Silva, Jorge F.; Mendez, Rene A.; Orchard, Marcos

    2016-10-01

    Context. The best precision that can be achieved to estimate the location of a stellar-like object is a topic of permanent interest in the astrometric community. Aims: We analyze bounds for the best position estimation of a stellar-like object on a CCD detector array in a Bayesian setting where the position is unknown, but where we have access to a prior distribution. In contrast to a parametric setting where we estimate a parameter from observations, the Bayesian approach estimates a random object (i.e., the position is a random variable) from observations that are statistically dependent on the position. Methods: We characterize the Bayesian Cramér-Rao (CR) that bounds the minimum mean square error (MMSE) of the best estimator of the position of a point source on a linear CCD-like detector, as a function of the properties of detector, the source, and the background. Results: We quantify and analyze the increase in astrometric performance from the use of a prior distribution of the object position, which is not available in the classical parametric setting. This gain is shown to be significant for various observational regimes, in particular in the case of faint objects or when the observations are taken under poor conditions. Furthermore, we present numerical evidence that the MMSE estimator of this problem tightly achieves the Bayesian CR bound. This is a remarkable result, demonstrating that all the performance gains presented in our analysis can be achieved with the MMSE estimator. Conclusions: The Bayesian CR bound can be used as a benchmark indicator of the expected maximum positional precision of a set of astrometric measurements in which prior information can be incorporated. This bound can be achieved through the conditional mean estimator, in contrast to the parametric case where no unbiased estimator precisely reaches the CR bound.

  2. An extension of BSC encoding supporting comprehensive dynamic updating in XML data%一种全面支持XML动态更新的扩展BSC编码

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄景彬; 郭朝珍

    2013-01-01

    现有的动态XML编码方案(如OrdPath、DLN、BSC等)对XML编码的动态更新仅限于叶节点的插入情况,并未考虑内部节点的插入情况,而内部节点的插入对XML而言是一个普通操作.文章通过扩展BSC编码提出了一种全面支持XML编码动态更新的编码方案EBSC编码,该编码方案在BSC编码中加入内部节点插入标示(IN)和父亲节点内部插入标示(PN),充分考虑叶节点的插入和内部节点的插入2种情况,能够全面地支持XML节点编码的动态更新问题.实验结果表明,该编码方案能够高效地处理XML文档树内部节点插入时编码的更新.%Generally,the existing dynamic Extensible Markup Language(XML)labeling schemes such as OrdPath,DLN,BSC,etc,can not support the dynamic updating in the case of internal node insertions as they only consider the leaf node insertions case.But as for XML data,the internal node insertion is a common operation.In this paper,an extension of BSC encoding called EBSC which supports comprehensive dynamic updating in XML data is proposed.In this labeling scheme,the internal insertion number(IN) and parent internal insertion number(PN) are added into BSC encoding,thus it supports both leaf and internal node insertions for XML data.Experimental results show that EBSC can handle internal node insertions efficiently.

  3. Research of the ascension path of intangible assets’synergistic effect Based on the BSC and strategic center type organization%平衡计分卡下的无形资产协同效应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡伟; 曹玉红

    2014-01-01

    Based on clear synergies and intangible asset class, put forward the BSC intangible assets based on Cooperative Path:a practical model of BSC, in the pursuit of the goals of the organization of staff collaboration become possible;BSC causality chain to achieve the overall system based on BSC;successful corporate culture synergy is the leadership and support of participatory management interpersonal relationship and communication, smooth, powerful.%在明晰协同效应和无形资产类别的基础上,提出了基于BSC的无形资产协同路径: BSC提供的实用模型使在追求组织目标下的人员协同成为可能;基于BSC的因果关系链实现整体系统协同;BSC的成功企业文化协同是参与式的管理、人际沟通与关系的畅通、强有力的领导与支持。

  4. Performance EvaIuation System Design Based on BSC for the Acquisition of Weapons and Equipments%基于BSC的武器装备采购绩效评价体系设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹铁红; 谢文秀

    2014-01-01

    建立规范实用的武器装备采购绩效评价体系,是当前深入推进我军武器装备采购改革的迫切需要。在简要介绍平衡计分卡(balanced score card, BSC)主要内容和本质内涵的基础上,阐述基于 BSC 的武器装备采购绩效评价体系设计过程,建立了评价模型。%Currently,the driving for acquisition innovation in our army is urgently needed in es-tablishing the standard and applied performance evaluation system for the acquisition of weapons and equipments.On the basis of brief introduction of the content and essence of balanced score card (BSC),the process of performance evaluation system based on BSC is expatiated and the evaluation model are founded.

  5. Effects of Changing the Pedagogical Concept of a Part-time BSc in Accounting from Traditional Lectures into an IT-supported Asyncronous and Flexible Learning Concept - Part 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Tage; Holm, Claus; Dalgas, Annemarie

    2000-01-01

    This paper reports on the results of a change of the pedagogical concept in the second part of a four-year BSc program in Accounting. The program started September 1 1999 when 82 students were enrolled. The change involves a move from traditional lectures to a concept partly based on asynchronous...

  6. Medialogy (English Information Brochure on the education M.Sc.,Medialogy, 3rd to 10th semester (B.Sc. & M.Sc) - For graduates from higher study programmes such as Multimedia Design and IT Graduates)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordahl, Rolf

    2005-01-01

    An information brochure, 24 pages, in English which describes the education M.Sc., Medialogy, offered by Aalborg University in Copenhagen and Esbjerg. The brochure describes the 3rd to 10th semester (B.Sc. and M.Sc. degree) of the education. The information is primarily directed toward potential...

  7. Application of BSC in Military Hospital Management%平衡计分卡在军队医院管理中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵鹏飞

    2014-01-01

    将平衡计分卡和医院管理有机结合,以医院内外部环境为基础将医院的任务和决策转化为财务、患者、内部流程、学习与成长四个目标,帮助医院提高管理经营质量,实现社会和经济效益双丰收。%The BSC was applied in and hospital management , thus to transform the management based on the task and decisions into based on four goals as financial , patient , internal processes and learning and growth ob-jectives foundation , to help hospital improve the quality of the management , and achieve social and economic bene-fit.

  8. 结合EVA和BSC的发电企业业绩评价%The Performance Evaluation of Power Generation Enterprise Associated with EVA and BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺燕; 扬东花

    2015-01-01

    随着我国电力市场的改革深入,需要对企业的业绩有一个客观公正的评价,应用传统的会计指标或者仅仅考虑应用经济增加值这一指标并不能达到所需的评价效果.分析了常用业绩评价方法平衡计分卡法(Balanced Score Card,BSC)和经济增加值法(Economic Value Added,EVA)的实质和优缺点,并将EVA与BSC相结合,构建以EVA为核心、BSC为手段,体现企业战略的业绩评级体系.

  9. 相对定位估计的修正克拉美罗界%Modified Cramer-Rao Bound for Relative Location Estimation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李协; 张效义; 于旭; 胡赟鹏

    2013-01-01

    为定量地比较无线传感器网络中相对定位系统的时间同步误差对TOA机制与TDOA机制定位估计性能的影响,分析了同步误差的组成,将同步误差计入观测模型,在此观测模型下修正了TOA机制与TOA/RSS混合机制CRB,并在相同的参考节点布局下分别与TDOA机制和TDOA/RSS混合机制的CRB做比较.新的观测模型表明,在观测方程中,发送端时钟误差同时也是未知量;TOA机制可解出该未知量,用于消除同步误差;而TDOA机制牺牲一个观测量用以消除发送端时钟误差,降低了系统时间同步要求,也即消除了一个未知量.理论证明及仿真结果均表明,在等量的同步误差和相同的参考节点布局下TOA机制与TDOA机制CRB相等以及TOA/RSS与TDOA/RSS混合机制CRB相等,而RSS机制分别与TOA机制、TDOA机制的混合,提高了TOA机制、TDOA机制在近距离定位时的性能.%In order to compare the effect of synchronization error on wireless sensor networks based relative location accuracy between time of arrival (TOA) and time difference of arrival (TDOA) schemes, the synchronization error components are analyzed and the measurement model contained clock offset is established. The TOA and TOA/RSS (received signal strength) schemes' modified Cramer-Rao bound (MCRB) are derived and compared with those of the TDOA and TDOA/RSS schemes, respectively. It is shown that the transmitter's clock offset is also an unknown variable in the new observation equation, and it can be solved in the TOA scheme to eliminate part of synchronization error. The TDOA scheme sacrifices one measurement to subtract the transmitter's clock offset from unknown variables, thus reducing synchronize requirements. The theoretical derivation and simulation results show that the MCRBs for TOA and TDOA schemes are the same, as well as the MCRBs for TOA/RSS and TDOA/RSS hybrid schemes when using the same sensor array and introducing the same amount synchronization

  10. Initial Analysis of Disaster Safety Protection Mechanism of BSC Dual Addressed to MGW in GSM%浅析GSM网BSC双挂MGW容灾安全防护机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴俊

    2013-01-01

      针对浙江联通GSM网络现状,采用基于A-Flex技术的BSC双挂MGW的容灾安全防护机制,解决了MGW网元故障引起其下挂BSC语音业务全阻的网络隐患问题,并在现网中得到了成功验证。%In view of the current situation of Zhejiang Unicom GSM network, it adopts the disaster safety protection mechanism of BSC dual addressed to MGW based on A-Flex to solve the hidden network problems of BSC voice service entirely interrupted by the MGW failure. The mechanism has been proved successful y in the present GSM.

  11. ERP环境下基于BSC的企业绩效评价体系的研究%A study of enterprise performance measurement system based on BSC under the condition of ERP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李益兵; 郭顺生

    2004-01-01

    在阐述平衡记分卡(BSC)思想的基础上,结合企业资源计划(ERP)自身的特点,研究了ERP供应链和BSC因果链的对应关系,提出了ERP环境下基于BSC的企业绩效评价体系,并探讨了企业如何进行有效的绩效管理.

  12. The intercalated BSc (Med) Honours/MB ChB and integrated MB ChB/PhD tracks at the University of Cape Town: models for a national medical student research training programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, A A; Futter, M; Mayosi, B M

    2014-02-01

    The Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Cape Town is addressing the shortage of clinician-scientists in South Africa by introducing two research training tracks in parallel with the professional MB ChB programme, namely the intercalated BSc (Med) Hons/MB ChB track and the integrated MB ChB/PhD track. The BSc (Med) Hons/MB ChB track is available to MB ChB students who have completed the first two years of study. The track comprises a course in Molecular Medicine given concurrently with the MB ChB third-year curriculum, followed by a BSc (Med) Hons as a 'year out' of MB ChB. Subsequently students may enroll into the integrated MB ChB/PhD track that enables them to undertake a PhD concurrently with MB ChB studies, which will be spread over additional years, or alternatively to undertake a PhD after completion of the MB ChB. These tracks, which were launched in 2011, represent an opportunity to train a new cadre of young African clinician-scientists at the undergraduate level.

  13. Construction and Application of Performance Evaluation Model of Undergraduate Teaching Based on BSC & AHP%基于BSC&AHP的高校院系本科教学工作绩效评估模型的构建与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓峰; 于宝证

    2012-01-01

    高等学校各院系办学绩效水平直接关系到高校人才培养的质量,本文针对目前高等院校对下属各院系本科教学考核评估指标权重确定方法中存在的问题,将平衡记分卡(BSC)和层次分析法(AHP)引入到本科教学工作绩效评估中,设计了一种用来确定高校对本科教学目标管理量化考核评估指标权重的决策方法既是一种理论创新,也是一种方法创新.解决了以往凭经验确定指标权重导致评估失衡的问题.%The level of university performance is closely related to the quality of talent cultivation. Due to the problem of assessment method, this paper introduces the balanced score card ( BSC) and the analytic hierarchy process ( AHP) into the performance evaluation of undergraduate teaching, and designs a decision-making method to determine the quantitative? Evaluation index. Weight that colleges and universities assess the objective management of undergraduate teaching, which is not only the theoretical innovation but also the method innovation . The method solves the problem of how colleges and universities determine the index weight with experience causing the evaluation imbalance.

  14. Dust specific extinction cross-sections over the Eastern Mediterranean using the BSC-DREAM model and sun photometer data: the case of urban environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Gerasopoulos

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available In this study, aerosol optical depth (AOD measurements, from a MFR sun photometer operating in Athens, were compared with columnar dust loading estimations, from the BSC-DREAM model, during identified dust events, in order to extract the typical specific extinction cross-section for dust over the area. The selected urban environment of Athens provided us with the opportunity to investigate the mixing of dust and urban pollution and to estimate the contribution of the latter. The specific extinction cross-section for dust at 500 nm was found to be equal to σ500*=0.64±0.04 m2 g, typical for medium to large distances from dust sources, with weak wavelength dependence in the visible and near infrared band (0.4–0.9 μm. The model showed a tendency to underpredict AOD levels for increasing values of the Ångström exponent, indicative of fine particles of anthropogenic origin inside the boundary layer. On average we found an AOD under-prediction of 10–15% for Ångström exponents in the range of 0 to 1 and 30–40% in the range of 1 to 2. Additionally, modelled surface concentrations were evaluated against surface PM10 measurements. Model values were lower than measured surface concentrations by 30% which, in conjunction with large scatter, indicated that the effect of the boundary layer anthropogenic contribution to columnar dust loadings is amplified near the ground.

  15. Atmospheric Dust Modeling from Meso to Global Scales with the Online NMMB/BSC-Dust Model Part 2: Experimental Campaigns in Northern Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haustein, K.; Perez, C.; Baldasano, J. M.; Jorba, O.; Basart, S.; Miller, R. L.; Janjic, Z.; Black, T.; Nickovic, S.; Todd, M. C.; Washington, R.; Muller, D.; Tesche, M.; Weinzierl, B.; Esselborn, M.; Schladitz, A.

    2012-01-01

    The new NMMB/BSC-Dust model is intended to provide short to medium-range weather and dust forecasts from regional to global scales. It is an online model in which the dust aerosol dynamics and physics are solved at each model time step. The companion paper (Perez et al., 2011) develops the dust model parameterizations and provides daily to annual evaluations of the model for its global and regional configurations. Modeled aerosol optical depth (AOD) was evaluated against AERONET Sun photometers over Northern Africa, Middle East and Europe with correlations around 0.6-0.7 on average without dust data assimilation. In this paper we analyze in detail the behavior of the model using data from the Saharan Mineral dUst experiment (SAMUM-1) in 2006 and the Bodele Dust Experiment (BoDEx) in 2005. AOD from satellites and Sun photometers, vertically resolved extinction coefficients from lidars and particle size distributions at the ground and in the troposphere are used, complemented by wind profile data and surface meteorological measurements. All simulations were performed at the regional scale for the Northern African domain at the expected operational horizontal resolution of 25 km. Model results for SAMUM-1 generally show good agreement with satellite data over the most active Saharan dust sources. The model reproduces the AOD from Sun photometers close to sources and after long-range transport, and the dust size spectra at different height levels. At this resolution, the model is not able to reproduce a large haboob that occurred during the campaign. Some deficiencies are found concerning the vertical dust distribution related to the representation of the mixing height in the atmospheric part of the model. For the BoDEx episode, we found the diurnal temperature cycle to be strongly dependant on the soil moisture, which is underestimated in the NCEP analysis used for model initialization. The low level jet (LLJ) and the dust AOD over the Bodélé are well reproduced

  16. Atmospheric dust modeling from meso to global scales with the online NMMB/BSC-Dust model – Part 2: Experimental campaigns in Northern Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Haustein

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The new NMMB/BSC-Dust model is intended to provide short to medium-range weather and dust forecasts from regional to global scales. It is an online model in which the dust aerosol dynamics and physics are solved at each model time step. The companion paper (Pérez et al., 2011 develops the dust model parameterizations and provides daily to annual evaluations of the model for its global and regional configurations. Modeled aerosol optical depth (AOD was evaluated against AERONET Sun photometers over Northern Africa, Middle East and Europe with correlations around 0.6–0.7 on average without dust data assimilation. In this paper we analyze in detail the behavior of the model using data from the Saharan Mineral dUst experiment (SAMUM-1 in 2006 and the Bodélé Dust Experiment (BoDEx in 2005. AOD from satellites and Sun photometers, vertically resolved extinction coefficients from lidars and particle size distributions at the ground and in the troposphere are used, complemented by wind profile data and surface meteorological measurements. All simulations were performed at the regional scale for the Northern African domain at the expected operational horizontal resolution of 25 km. Model results for SAMUM-1 generally show good agreement with satellite data over the most active Saharan dust sources. The model reproduces the AOD from Sun photometers close to sources and after long-range transport, and the dust size spectra at different height levels. At this resolution, the model is not able to reproduce a large haboob that occurred during the campaign. Some deficiencies are found concerning the vertical dust distribution related to the representation of the mixing height in the atmospheric part of the model. For the BoDEx episode, we found the diurnal temperature cycle to be strongly dependant on the soil moisture, which is underestimated in the NCEP analysis used for model initialization. The low level jet (LLJ and the dust AOD over the Bodélé are

  17. Atmospheric dust modeling from meso to global scales with the online NMMB/BSC-Dust model – Part 2: Experimental campaigns in Northern Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Haustein

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The new online NMMB/BSC-Dust model is intended to provide short to medium-range weather and dust forecasts from regional to global scales. The companion paper Pérez et al., 2011 develops the dust model parameterizations and provides daily to annual evaluations of the model for its global and regional configurations. Modeled aerosol optical depth (AOD was evaluated against AERONET Sun photometers over Northern Africa, Middle East and Europe with correlations around 0.6–0.7 on average without dust data assimilation. In this paper we analyze in detail the behavior of the model using data from the Saharan Mineral dUst experiment (SAMUM-1 in 2006 and the Bodélé Dust Experiment (BoDEx in 2005. AOD from satellites and Sun photometers, vertically resolved extinction coefficients from lidars and particle size distributions at the ground and in the troposphere are used, complemented by wind profile data and surface meteorological measurements.

    All simulations were performed at the regional scale for the Northern African domain at the expected operational resolution of 25 km. Model results for SAMUM-1 generally show good agreement with satellite data over the most active Saharan dust sources. The model reproduces the AOD from Sun photometers close to sources and after long-range transport, and the dust size spectra at different height levels. At this resolution, the model is not able to reproduce a large haboob occurred during the campaign. Some deficiencies are found concerning the vertical distribution. The mixing height is underestimated which may be attributed to poor soil initial conditions. For the BoDEx period, particular attention is paid to understand the dust model behavior in relation with the low level jet (LLJ in the Bodélé. The diurnal temperature cycle depends strongly on the soil moisture, which is underestimated in the NCEP analysis used for model initialization. The daily maximum surface wind speeds are underestimated up

  18. Feasibility Analysis of Using BSC of Provincial Modern Distance Open University: Taking A Province as an Example%省域现代远程开放大学应用BSC的可行性分析——以A省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜磊磊; 郭玉娟; 陈彦彦; 李方方

    2011-01-01

    At present, BSC, as a tool of strategic management, is applied by foreign high education institution successfully. This essay takes Modern Distance Open University of A province as an example, analyzes the application feasibility of using BSC, clears the frame and mentality of management strategy of using BSC and problems need attention, in order to pushing forward the development and management of Open University.%目前,BSC作为一种系统性战略管理工具,在国外高等教育机构有着较为成功的应用.本文以A省现代远程开放大学为例,对应用BSC的可行性进行分析,明确BSC管理战略的框架思路以及需要注意的问题,以期推动开放大学的建设与管理.

  19. “难民之父”饶家驹及其救助难民的卓越贡献%"Father of the Refugees'Rao Jiaju and His Outstanding Contribution to Aid Refugees

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏智良

    2015-01-01

    1937年11月,法国人饶家驹以他的博爱、坚韧、独创、才华与责任心,在上海创立战时平民救护的难民区———饶家驹区,延续至1940年6月,保护了30多万中国难民,被称为“难民之父”、“中国之友”。这个“上海模式”推广到南京、汉口、广州,乃至法国、德国,并推动日内瓦第四公约的订立,战时保护平民成为各国的共识,从而推动了人类文明的进步。饶家驹的“博爱主义”、“慈善行为”、奉献精神、慈悲情怀的高尚人格,超越了国家、种族、宗教与党派,被称赞为20世纪世界人道主义的光辉典范。%The French Rao Jiaju set up safety zones in Shanghai from November 1937 to June 1940 with his love, tough, unique, talent and responsibility, he protect the more than 30 million Chinese refugees, who was known as the"Father of the refugees"and"Friends of China."He set up safety zones in Nanjing, Hankou, Guan-gzhou, as well as France, Germany, and he promote the development of the Fourth Geneva Convention.The Pro-tection of Civilian became the consensus of all countries, thus promoting the progress of human civilization."Phi-lanthropy", the spirit of noble character and dedication of Rao Jiaju, compassion feelings, transcends national, ethnic, religious and partisan,he was regarded as a shining example of world humanitarian in the 20th century.

  20. 基于整合BSC和集值迭代法的高校图书馆战略绩效评估%Strategic Performance Evaluation of Academic Library Based on Integrated BSC and Value Iteration Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小花; 詹庆东

    2012-01-01

    分析平衡计分卡(BSC)在图书馆中的应用,对BSC进行改良,提出BSC的整合模式,即整合目标管理法、关键绩效指标法、利益相关者理论。分析高校图书馆战略目标及子目标关系,设计财务、读者、内部流程、学习成长、其它利益相关者五个维度的战略绩效指标体系。%Based on analyzing the application and the shortage of BSC in library this paper presents the integration pattern of BSC , namely integration of the objective management method , method of key performance index and stakeholder theory . On this basis we analyzes the relationship of strategic objective and sub objective of academic library , design the index system of strategic performance of academic library included five aspects: financial, reader, internal business processes, learning and growth, stakeholders. Finally, the determination of the weight of each index by value iteration methods is put forward.

  1. Contribuições para a configuração de um sistema de medição de desempenho para incubadoras de empresas baseado no BSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Arantes Salles

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Incubators are designed to provide a more efficient and effective way to survive in today's business world. In turbulent and dynamic business environment, incubators should be quick to react by directing their actions in order to remain consistent with its strategic objectives. This article suggests the use of an adaptation of the Balanced Scorecard - BSC as a tool for measuring and evaluating performance of incubators, as this tool is based on the use of a set of performance indicators, organized and logically articulated in order to match measures that reflect past performance with future performance, aiming to meet mission and long-term goals of the incubators. From this concept is carried out a diagnosis of management of incubators in the state of Sao Paulo, for which were used questionnaires and carried out visits. Considering the answers of the questionnaires, it was noted that in higher or lower number, there are indicators which contribute in the management process of these incubators, in accordance with perspectives of BSC. However, it was evidenced that in none of cases that indicators are associated with a real and effective measuring and evaluating system of performance.

  2. Cramer-Rao lower bounds for estimating carrier parameters of PSK signals in multi-antenna cooperative receivers%多天线协同接收PSK载波参数估计的CRLB

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨珂; 万明康; 李鸥

    2012-01-01

    针对利用多个独立天线对同一信号进行协同接收的问题,推导了数据辅助(DA)和非数据辅助(NDA)方式BPSK/QPSK信号频率及相位估计的Cramer-Rao下界(CRLB),并与传统单个天线接收时的CRLB进行了比较.结果表明,在DA方式下,多天线协同接收PSK信号频率及相位估计的CRLB与传统单天线接收的CRLB相同;在NDA方式下,多天线协同接收的CRLB则要低于传统单天线接收的CRLB.%This paper investigates the PSK parameter estimation problem with multiple independent cooperative receivers, and derives the Cramer-Rao Lower Bounds (CRLBs) of BPSK/QPSK frequency and phase estimation based on either known or random data. Compared with the CRLBs in traditional single receiver, the results indicate that the CRLBs for Data-Aided(DA) carrier frequency and phase estimation of PSK signals in multi-antenna cooperative receivers are the same with the CRLBs in traditional single receiver, but the CRLBs for Non-Data-Aided(NDA) estimation for multi-antenna cooperative receivers are lower than the traditional ones.

  3. 平衡计分卡在酒店战略管理目标制定中的运用%Application of BSC in Goal Setting of Hotel Strategic Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张卫东

    2012-01-01

    中国酒店行业的快速增长,使得行业竞争不断加剧,包括五星级酒店在内的高端酒店市场竞争尤为激烈.每个酒店必须实施有效的战略管理,才能应对复杂的竞争环境,保持酒店长期稳定的发展.战略目标的制定是战略管理的首要步骤,只有制定全面、可衡量的、可执行的、可监控的战略目标,才能让酒店战略管理落到实处.平衡计分卡作为一种有效的战略管理工具,能够从财务、客户、内部流程、学习与成长四个维度对酒店的战略目标进行全面有效地诠释.本文以平衡计分卡为主要理论工具,试图阐述其对酒店战略目标制定中所起到的价值.通过战略地图这一重要转化方式,将酒店的目标转化为平衡计分卡的表现形式,以确保制定的目标具备均衡性、可衡量性、可控性、可验证性和前瞻性的特点.为酒店战略管理的有效实施打下坚实的基础.%The Chinese hotel industry is growing fast with exacerbated competition, especially in upscale hotel. Each hotel should implement effective strategic management to face complicated competitive environment and maintain stable development. Target setting is the first and critical phase of strategic management. The proper strategic management must have a set of balanced, measurable, executable and controllable targets. The Balance Score Card is an effective tool for strategic management. The BSC can define hotel strategic target form different dimension of finance, customer, internal process, learning and development. The paper will study the value of BSC for hotel strategic target setting. The strategic map is an important transforming method between hotel target and BSC. It's can ensure the target can be balanced, measurable, controllable, verified and foresight, and it's will be the basic step of hotel strategic management.

  4. Application Target of Utilizing BSC Achievements Management of TPL Industry%第三方物流企业运用BSC绩效管理的应用指标

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪娅

    2007-01-01

    国内很多第三方物流企业的绩效管理应用的还是传统的财务绩效管理,这种绩效管理方式无法将员工的业绩成果和企业的整体目标联系在一起.文章从分析第三方物流企业绩效管理现状开始介绍一种被广泛认可的绩效管理方法--平衡积分板(BSC,Balanced Scorecard Card),并针对第三方物流行业特点给出具体的BSC各类指标以供参考.

  5. 基于平衡计分卡的高新技术企业预算体系构建%The Construction of Budget Management System of Hi-tech Enterprises based on BSC Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕路

    2010-01-01

    企业预算管理作为一种管理工具,它能优化资源配置,有效控制成本,规范基础管理行为.但随着企业内外部环境不断变化,传统预算的弊端也在不断暴露.为了弥补传统预算缺陷,本文在吸收其理论主要思想基础上,将平衡计分卡方法(Balanced score Card,简称BSC)引入预算管理体系,以试图对传统预算管理的缺陷加以补正.

  6. Cramer-Rao Bounds for FOA and TOA Estimation from Galileo Search and Rescue Signal%伽利略搜救信号FOA和TOA估计的克拉美-罗界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王堃; 吴嗣亮; 韩月涛

    2011-01-01

    Considering the uncertainty of message bit width, the Cramer-Rao Bounds (CRBs) for Frequency Of Arrival (FOA) and Time Of Arrival (TOA) estimation from single Galileo Search And Rescue (SAR) signal are researched. Calculation expressions for the elements of Fisher information matrix of Galileo SAR signal are acquired. When calculating the sum of the square of dirac delta function, the properties of dirac delta function and Parseval's theorem are used to transform the computation from time-domain to frequency-domain, and the closed-form analytical solution of CRBs for FOA and TOA estimation are derived. Numerical calculation, Monte Carlo simulation and measurement results validate the effectiveness of the CRBs above which can be used to evaluate the performance of estimation algorithm for the parameters above.%该文考虑信息位宽的不确定性,研究了单个伽利略搜救信号FOA(Frequency Of Arrival)和TOA (Time OfArrival)估计的克拉美-罗界(CRB).推导了伽利略搜救信号Fisher信息矩阵元素的计算表达式,利用单位冲激函数的性质和Parseval定理,将单位冲激函数的平方和转换到频域进行计算,得到了FOA和TOA估计的CRB的解析结果.数值分析,Monte Carlo仿真及实测结果表明,上述CRB具有有效性,可以用于评估上述参数估计算法的性能.

  7. Estruturação do Balanced Scorecard (BSC para uma empresa do segmento varejista, com foco na avaliação do desempenho da ação estratégica de marketing promocional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Back

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A avaliação de desempenho de ações estratégicas aplicadas a uma organização requer a adoção de ferramenta específica que atenda às necessidades e ao contexto organizacional. Este artigo tem como objetivo estruturar o Balanced Scorecard (BSC da organização Alpha Comércio de Gêneros Alimentícios Ltda, com foco na avaliação do desempenho da ação estratégica de marketing promocional, utilizando-o como ferramenta de gestão, controle e avaliação do desempenho organizacional. Na pesquisa destacam-se alguns procedimentos metodológicos que buscam facilitar o processo de compreensão do artigo: a descrição dos panfletos promocionais, os processos para a elaboração do BSC e os procedimentos para a construção do faturamento. Trata-se de uma pesquisa de natureza exploratória, com abordagem prática na forma de um estudo de caso, envolvendo dados primários e secundários com uma abordagem qualitativa e quantitativa do problema de pesquisa. Como resultados da pesquisa, destacam-se a criação de quatro indicadores para a indicação do desempenho da ação de marketing promocional e o impacto financeiro na receita de vendas com a utilização do panfleto, que resultou em um aumento de 24% do primeiro para o segundo quadrimestre de 2010.

  8. A Robust Cramer-Rao Analogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    Department of Computer Science and Statistics, State University of Sao Carlos, S.P., Brazil; H. T. David is Professor of Statistics and Industrial ...4.11). Example 4.1. (N(0,1), ") is regular L1-optimal. .’i 13 REFERENCES ALAMO, J. B. (1964), "Estimacion en Mediana," Trabajos de Estadistica , 15, 93

  9. Cramer-Rao Bounds of Key Parameters Estimation for Galileo SAR Signal%伽利略搜救信号关键参数估计的克拉美—罗界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王堃; 吴嗣亮; 田静

    2011-01-01

    Considering the uncertainty of message bit width, the Cramer-Rao Bounds (CRBs) for the estimation of message bit width,frequency of arrival (FOA) and time of arrival (TOA) from Galileo search and rescue (SAR) signal were researched. General formula for calculating the elements of Fisher information matrix was derived first.Then the calculation expressions for the Fisher matrix elements of Galileo SAR signal were acquired. When calculating the sum of the square of Dirac delta function, the properties of Dirac delta function and Parseval' s theorem were used to transform the computation from time-domain to frequency-domain. Then the closed-form analytical solutions of the CRBs for the estimation of message bit width, FOA and TOA were derived. Numerical calculation and Monte Carlo simulation results validate the effectiveness of the CRBs above which can be used to evaluate the performance of message bit width,FOA and TOA estimation algorithm.%本文考虑信息位宽的不确定度,研究了伽利略搜救信号信息位宽、到达频率(FOA)和到达时间(TOA)估计的克拉美—罗界(CRB).首先推导了计算Fisher信息矩阵各元素的通用公式,然后推导得到了伽利略搜救信号Fisher 信息矩阵各元素的计算表达式.具体计算时,利用单位冲激函数的性质和Parseval定理,将单位冲激函数的平方和转换到频域进行计算,得到了信息位宽、FOA和TOA估计的CRB的解析结果.数值分析和Monte Carlo仿真结果表明,该CRB具有有效性,可以用于评估信息位宽、FOA和TOA估计算法的性能.

  10. 基于BSC技术的二级学院教研室绩效管理体系初探%On Performance Management System of Teaching and Research Sections in Secondary Schools Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江燕

    2015-01-01

    平衡记分卡是一种公认的有效战略管理工具。本文主要在对二级学院绩效管理的现状分析的基础上,提出了教研室层面下实施平衡记分卡的可行性,探讨了如何利用平衡记分卡提高教研室绩效管理水平,为改进与规范高校二级学院教研室绩效管理提供了理论依据和实施方法。%The balanced scorecard (BSC) is a recognized effective strategic management tool .Based on the analysis of the current situation of performance management in secondary schools ,the feasibility of the implementa-tion of the balanced scorecard is put forward and how to improve performance management level of teaching and re-search section by using the balanced scorecard is discussed to provide a theoretical basis and implementation method for improving and standardizing the performance management of teaching and research sections in secondary schools .

  11. Evaluation and Analysis on Teaching Management of Medical Ethics Course Based on Balanced Scorecard(BSC)%基于BSC的《医学伦理学》教学管理评价分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董毅; 程乐森; 胡善菊

    2011-01-01

    运用平衡记分卡和层次分析法,从财务、内部流程、学习与成长及顾客四个相互关联的角度,构建出该课程的教学管理综合评价指标体系,明确了负向激励、实践性教学环节、伦理分析能力、监管与反馈机制等对提升教学管理效果的重要性.%The evaluation system of teaching management was designed by using the balanced scorecard (BSC) and the analytical hierarchy process, which include four related fields, the finance, internal processes, learning, growth and customers. It is also proposed in the paper that negative incentives, practical teaching, ability of ethical analysis, mechanism of supervision and feedback are very important factors for promoting the effects of teaching management.

  12. Study ing the influence and d imensions of Competitive Intelligence of Coaches on performance of current Soccer teams of The Iranian Premier League According to Component Balanced Scorecard (BSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Abbas BABAKIANPOUR

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available T he aim of this study was to investigate the impact of coaches competitive intelligence on the football teams performance in the Iranian Premier League based on the Balanced Scorecard component (BSC.This prac tical research is a descriptive - correlational study in which population consisted of all head coaches and coaches from 16 Iranian Premier F ootball teams be tween 1392 - 1393. Two individual from each team were selected as coach and head coach and t he sample of 32 students were selected by census method. Questionnaire, 12 balls Fehy (2007 was used to measure competitive intelligence Coaches variables and ¬ 20 items of the questionnaire Neon (2003 was used to measure team performance. The results showed that the competitive intelligence team football coache s could affect performance and internal team performance will significantly increase. Also the team awareness c o ndition, technical knowledge, Opponents situation awareness, and awareness strategy of the coac hes had the greatest impact on team performance. In fact, coach es who having high level of competitive intellige nce will use the environmental threats as opportunities for improvement and uses it to enhance team performance.

  13. Assessing The Role Of Integrated Learning In The BSc International Field Geosciences (IFG) Joint Degree Programme At University College Cork, the University of Montana and the University of Potsdam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meere, Patrick; Hendrix, Marc; Strecker, Manfred; Berger, Andreas

    2010-05-01

    The Department of Geology at University College Cork (UCC), Ireland, in conjunction with the Universities of Montana (UM) and Potsdam (UP) launched a new BSc in International Field Geosciences in Autumn 2008. In this program superb natural field geoscience laboratories available in Europe and the western United States are utilized as learning environments forming the basis for a ‘Joint' Bachelor of Science undergraduate degree. This programme focuses on the documentation, interpretation, and synthesis of critical geological issues in the field. It rests upon a backbone of existing modules that are the foundation of current geology programs at three partner institutions complemented by an emphasis on the development of field-based learning in an intercultural setting. The core curriculum is identical to that required for the existing BSc Geology at UCC except the third Year is spent abroad at UM while additional courses are taken at the UP at the start the fourth year. The mobility component of the programme is funded as part of a joint EU/US ATLANTIS project. The motivation for the new programme was primarily driven by the growing international demand for geoscientists with integrated field skills. Over the last two decades existing geoscience programmes in Europe and the US have tended to progressively reduce their field based learning components. One of the major reasons for this neglect is the increasing cost associated with physically transporting students into the field and maintaining a safe outdoor working environment. Heath and safety considerations in an increasingly litigious society have led to increasingly limited choices for suitable field areas in the last few decades. Lastly, recent technological advances such as GIS and various other forms of remote sensing have led to new ways of analyzing geospatial data that, while certainly useful, divert the attention of the Geoscience community away from collecting ‘ground truth' data and making direct

  14. Study of enterprise information system framework design based on TRIZ and BSC%基于TRIZ及BSC的企业信息系统规划架构设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗以洪; 邵云飞

    2012-01-01

    信息系统架构设计是企业信息系统建设的基础,为了使企业业务战略与信息系统战略有效匹配,根据TRIZ发明创新理论解决信息系统规划中的矛盾,建立了理想化信息系统架构概念,用BSC平衡记分卡把企业战略分解为关键成功因素CSF及相应的KPI指标,用TRIZ矛盾分析方法分析存在的矛盾,通过TRIZ、BSC及战略一致性模型结合,建立反映企业业务系统与信息系统之间匹配关系的数学模型,通过S公司工程案例演示了信息系统架构设计过程,对理论模型予以计算机仿真模拟.%Enterprise information system framework: design is the foundation of IS ( information system ) construction. In order to make the information system strategy align effectively with business strategies, the contradictions of the information system planning processes must be identified and resolved through TRIZ theory. The information system conceptual design method, the information system construction IFR ( Ideal Final Result) , and contradiction solution methods were put forward through the BSC ( Balanced Scorecard) and KPI ( key performance indicators) methods. As the mathematical model between the business system and the information system is formed, the information system framework design can be enhanced by computer simulations, which were applied to practice through an actual firm' s engineering solutions.

  15. Research on Food Supply Chain Performance Dynamic Evaluation Based on BSC%基于平衡计分卡的食品供应链绩效动态测评研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵盼红; 王利; 孟庆良

    2012-01-01

    在食品供应链和供应链绩效评价文献回顾的基础上,提出了包括安全维度在内的五维动态平衡计分卡模型,首先采用网络层次分析法(ANP)合理地确定各指标的权重,然后结合模糊综合评价对食品供应链各个时期进行绩效评价;在此基础上,利用Markov预测理论动态地预测食品供应链未来的绩效和稳态分布,最后结合算例验证该模型的合理性,从而为食品供应链管理者制定合理的发展策略提供依据.%Based on reviewing the literature of food supply chain and supply chain performance evaluation, a five dimension dynamic Balanced Score Card (BSC) model including safety dimension was proposed. Firstly, the Analytic Network Process ( ANP) was used to weight each index, and then the performance of food supply chain in different period was e-valuated combined with fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, and Markov chain was used to forecast the future performance and steady - state distribution of food supply chain. Finally, an example was used to verify the rationality of the model and to provide basis for food supply chain manager to make reasonable development strategy.

  16. The Research on the Selection and Evaluation of Supplier Based on the BSC-TOPSIS Method%基于BSC—TOPSIS法的供应商选择与评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张燕

    2012-01-01

      Supplier management is a kind of mechanism of management under the new logistics and procurement economic situ⁃ation at present. And the customer relationship is a kind of strategic cooperative relation under supply chain management envi⁃ronment. The supplier selection and evaluation is the most important factor in supplier management. On the basis of studying on the theory of BSC and TOPSIS method, this paper builds the first-class and the second-class evaluating indexes of supplier. Then, this paper builds the model of the selection and evaluation of supplier based on the BSC—TOPSIS theory. Finally, the model is applied to the selection and evaluation of enterprise’supplier.%  供应商管理是在新的物流与采购经济形势下提出的一种管理机制,供应链管理环境下的客户关系是一种战略性合作关系。而在供应商管理中,最重要的是对供应商的选择和评价。文章通过对BSC理论和TOPSIS方法的研究,确定供应商评价的具体一级指标和二级指标,建立基于BSC—TOPSIS的供应商选择与评价模型,并具体应用该模型对企业的供应商进行选择和评价。

  17. Heterogeneous Model of Local Selective Network Load Based on BSC Model%基于BSC模型的网络负载局部选择性异构模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许莉

    2014-01-01

    为提高网络节点负载能力和网络整体安全性能,根据网络节点拓扑中有限节点资源具有局部选择性和多样安全性,提出一种基于“业务-服务-构件”BSC模型的网络节点拓扑异构安全建模思想。构造一种混合核函数,进行网络负载局部选择性最优模型构建。通过网络平台构建和仿真实验,结果表明,采用局部选择性异构设计,能在增加网络节点平均负载率的情况下可降低网络节点最大负载率从而使得网络负载均衡。异构后的网络节点安全承载能力增加了5%左右。网络中节点负载更趋均衡,保证网络使用性能和安全性能。%In order to improve the network nodes load capacity and overall safety performance, according to limited resource nodes in the network node topology with local selectivity and diverse security, network node topology modeling thought with network security was proposed based on business-service-component (BSC) model, a hybrid kernel function was construct-ed, optimal model of selective network load was established, the simulation platform was built and the simulation experi-ment was implemented. Simulation result shows that the new method can increase the average load rate and it can reduce the maximum load rate, reaching the network load balancing. The security bearing capacity is increased by about 5%, the network load is more balanced, and it has good value in ensuring the security of in network.

  18. 基于平衡记分卡理论的科研绩效考核系统的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Research Performance Appraisal System Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周钰莹; 及俊川

    2013-01-01

    科研绩效考核是研究所实施绩效管理的主要内容之一,其主要目的在于:通过定期地对各团队科技工作进行回顾与评估,为各团队分析不足、明确方向提供依据,为研究所确定与调整发展目标提供支持,从而促进科研绩效的提高,推动研究所科技工作的持续发展。同时,通过绩效考核,为岗位聘任、绩效分配、薪酬调整等人力资源管理工作提供参考和依据。因此如何公平、公正又高效地进行科研团队绩效考核正是研究所人力资源管理工作的重点之一,也是管理信息化在人力资源管理方面的重点之一。针对此问题,本文首先从管理学的角度介绍了平衡记分卡(The Balanced ScoreCard,BSC)理论在科研院校绩效考核中的应用,之后结合MVC设计模式在普元EOS开发平台上面,设计并实现了一套适用于研究所科研团队绩效考核的系统。%Research performance appraisal is one of the main content for research institutions to implement management of performance appraisal, the main purpose is to provide shortage analysis for the research teams to help clearing the directions, and to establish and adjust the goal of development for the research institutions in order to enhance the scientiifc research performance and to further developing sustainably by reviewing and evaluating the work of research teams regularly. Meanwhile, through performance appraisal, it can provide references for human resources management, including position appointment, performance-based distribution and pay adjustment. Therefore, how to process the performance appraisal fairly, justly and effectively is the focus for human resource management in research institutions and for the management informatization. To this end, this paper, introduces the applications of Balanced Score Card theory to the performance evaluation for research institutions or academies, then presents the design and

  19. Stereo vision based SLAM using Rao-Blackwellised particle filter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Er-yong WU; Gong-yan LI; Zhi-yu XIANG; Ji-lin LIU

    2008-01-01

    We present an algorithm which can realize 3D stereo vision simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) for mobile robot in unknown outdoor environments, which means the 6-DOF motion and a sparse but persistent map of natural landmarks be constructed online only with a stereo camera. In mobile robotics research, we extend FastSLAM 2.0 like stereo vision SLAM with "pure vision" domain to outdoor environments. Unlike popular stochastic motion model used in conventional monocular vision SLAM, we utilize the ideas of structure from motion (SFM) for initial motion estimation, which is more suitable for the robot moving in large-scale outdoor, and textured environments. SIFT features are used as natural landmarks, and its 3D positions are constructed directly through triangulation. Considering the computational complexity and memory consumption,Bkd-tree and Best-Bin-First (BBF) search strategy are utilized for SIFT feature descriptor matching. Results show high accuracy of our algorithm, even in the circumstance of large translation and large rotation movements.

  20. RAO-II: an AUV for underwater inspection

    OpenAIRE

    Oliver, G.; Ortiz, A.; Bonin, F.

    2008-01-01

    AIRSUB is a research project funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology whose aim is to explore the industrial applications of underwater robots. The Systems, Robotics and Vision Group (SRV) from the University of the Balearic Islands (UIB) is responsible for the subproject of cable/pipeline inspection [1]. To this purpose, an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) is under development as a platform to test the vision algorithms, control strategies and software ar...

  1. 150 filmi Odessast Kiievini / Rao Heidmets ; interv. Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heidmets, Rao, 1956-

    2007-01-01

    Ukrainas 14. Rahvusvahelise Animafilmide festivali KROK žüriis osalenu ülevaade üritusest, nähtud filmidest, žürii tööst. Eriauhinna sai Riho Undi nukufilm "Vennad Karusüdamed". Peaauhinna sai inglase Luis Cook'i "Õed Pearce'id" ("The Pearce Sisters")

  2. The Evaluation Index System of Economic Accountability Audit of State-Owned Enterprise Leaders Based on the BSC%基于平衡计分卡的国企领导人经济责任审计评价指标体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高霏; 黎海波; 张黎; 杨庆元

    2013-01-01

    As a group strategic management tool, the BSC (Balanced Score Card) plays a very important role in group strategic planning and management. Introducing the BSC, a more comprehensive and dynamic evaluation system, into audit evaluation of economic responsi-bility of business leaders could make up for the traditional evaluation and realistically reflect the result, efficiency and growth of enterprise economic activities. When evaluating the economic responsibility of state-owned enterprise leaders, empowering ways in terms of a sub-jective and objective combination can be used with a dynamic comparative evaluation, namely making a comprehensive assessment by in-tegrating the related economic indicators into the factors in terms of national macroeconomic policy adjustment, industry development, and market change.%  平衡计分卡作为集团战略管理工具,在集团战略规划与执行管理方面发挥着非常重要的作用。将平衡计分卡这样一种更全面、动态的评价体系引入对企业领导人经济责任的审计评价,可以弥补传统评价的不足,实事求是地反映企业经济活动的经济、效果、效率与成长性。基于平衡计分卡建立一套国企领导人经济责任审计的评价指标体系,在评价国企领导人经济责任时,可采用主观和客观相结合的赋权方法,并注意做动态比较评价,即将有关经济指标纳入国家宏观经济政策调整、行业发展情况、市场变化等诸多因素中,进行综合比较评价。

  3. First results from the RAO Variable Star Search Program: I. Background, Procedure, and Results from RAO Field 1

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Michael D

    2011-01-01

    We describe an ongoing variable star search program and present the first reduced results of a search in a 19 square degree (4.4\\circle x 4.4\\circle) field centered on J2000 {\\alpha} = 22:03:24, {\\delta} = +18:54:32. The search was carried out with the Baker-Nunn Patrol Camera located at the Rothney Astrophysical Observatory in the foothills of the Canadian Rockies. A total of 26,271 stars were detected in the field, over a range of about 11-15 (instrumental) magnitudes. Our image processing made use of the IRAF version of the DAOPHOT aperture photometry routine and we used the ANOVA method to search for periodic variations in the light curves. We formally detected periodic variability in 35 stars, that we tentatively classify according to light curve characteristics: 6 EA (Algol), 5 EB ({\\beta} Lyrae), 19 EW (W UMa), and 5 RR (RR Lyrae) stars. Eleven of the detected variable stars have been reported previously in the literature. The eclipsing binary light curves have been analyzed with a package of light cur...

  4. Design of Index System for Performance Evaluation Based on Derived Environmental BSC --Taking Petrochemical Enterprise%基于衍生型环境BSC的绩效评价指标体系设计——以石化企业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晓慧

    2011-01-01

    The formulating of Derived Environmental BSC makes the hidden "causal relationship" between environmental man- agement and economic success more clear and more visual, and provides a management tool and method that supports the successful implementation o%衍生型环境BSC的构建使环境管理对经济成功贡献之间所暗存的“因果关系”更明晰化、可视化,为促进企业成功实施环保战略提供了管理工具和方法。在国内外相关文献的理论指导下,探讨了衍生型环境BSC的绩效评价指标体系的构建路径和基本架构。把环保战略转化为因果关系耦合的目标和指标,是构建衍生型环境BSC绩效评价指标体系的重要依据。衍生型环境BSC需要从四个维度——财务、客户、内部流程和学习与成长——挖掘与环境相关的内容。结合石化企业的行业背景和企业资料进行了案例分析,为其构建衍生型环境BSC提供一种思路和框架。

  5. 应用公众网络平台开展企业人力资源管理效能平衡计分卡评价体系的研究%Application of the Public Network Platform to the Evaluation System of Enterprise Human Resource Management Effectiveness Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹晓峰

    2015-01-01

    Human resources are the most important strategic resources in the enterprises.Itˊs of theoretical and applicable importance to evaluate the effectiveness of human resource management objectively and accurately.With the rapid devel-opment of information technology,relatively mature public network platform provides an effective way for related resear-ches.In this paper,the Balanced Scorecard (BSC)theory is used.Through literature research,network survey,statisti-cal analysis,based on the strategic human resource management perspective and by the use of relatively mature public network platform,a more perfect human resource management effectiveness evaluation system is built.This enables the enterprises to evaluate the effectiveness of human resource management more operational and practical,in order to im-prove the human resource management performance.%人力资源是企业最重要的战略性资源,客观准确地评价人力资源管理效能无论在理论方面还是应用层面均有重要的意义,随着信息技术的高速发展,其相对成熟的公众网络平台为相关研究提供了有效途径。文章以平衡计分卡(BSC)理论为基础,立足于战略性人力资源管理角度,利用相对成熟的公众网络平台,通过文献研究、网络问卷调查、统计分析等方式,探索建立一套较为系统、完善的人力资源管理效能评价指标体系,使企业人力资源管理效能评价更具操作性和实践性,同时推动有关公众网络工具在企业人力资源研究中的应用。

  6. On Reliability Function of BSC with Noisy Feedback

    CERN Document Server

    Burnashev, M V

    2010-01-01

    For information transmission a binary symmetric channel is used. There is also another noisy binary symmetric channel (feedback channel), and the transmitter observes without delay all the outputs of the forward channel via that feedback channel. The transmission of an exponential number of messages (i.e. the transmission rate is positive) is considered. The achievable decoding error exponent for such a combination of channels is investigated. It is shown that if the crossover probability of the feedback channel is less than a certain positive value, then the achievable error exponent is better than the decoding error exponent of the channel without feedback.

  7. Strategic Public Management - Selected Experiences with BSC Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan PŮČEK

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Elements associated with modern approaches towards public management have been gaining ground in various forms in the Czech public administration, especially in the last decade. They reflect the priorities of the public administration reform and the enhanced opportunities for co-financing the implementation of new management tools from European funds. This article summarizes the experience of strategic management, based on the analysis of secondary sources and on the experience of one of the authors who has worked as manager in several public administration/public sector institutions. In the practical part, the article focuses on the potential and limits of implementation of the Balanced Scorecard using the practical experience together with the implementation of this instrument at the level of city and ministry.

  8. Supply chain value creation methodology under BSC approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golrizgashti, Seyedehfatemeh

    2014-06-01

    The objective of this paper is proposing a developed balanced scorecard approach to measure supply chain performance with the aim of creating more value in manufacturing and business operations. The most important metrics have been selected based on experts' opinion acquired by in-depth interviews focused on creating more value for stakeholders. Using factor analysis method, a survey research has been used to categorize selected metrics into balanced scorecard perspectives. The result identifies the intensity of correlation between perspectives and cause-and-effect chains among them using statistical method based on a real case study in home appliance manufacturing industries.

  9. Expert Meeting Report: Cladding Attachment Over Exterior Insulation (BSC Report)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-10-01

    The addition of insulation to the exterior of buildings is an effective means of increasing the thermal resistance of both wood framed walls as well as mass masonry wall assemblies. The location of the insulation to the exterior of the structure has many direct benefits including better effective R-value from reduced thermal bridging, better condensation resistance, reduced thermal stress on the structure, as well as other commonly associated improvements such as increased air tightness and improved water management (Hutcheon 1964, Lstiburek 2007). The intent of the meeting was to review the current state of industry knowledge regarding cladding attachment over exterior insulation with a specific focus on: 1. Gravity load resistance, 2. Wind load resistance. The presentations explore these topics from an engineering design, laboratory testing, field monitoring, as well as practical construction perspective. By bringing various groups together (who have been conduction research or have experience in this area), a more holistic review of the design limits and current code language proposals can be completed and additional gaps identified. The results of which will help inform design standards and criteria.

  10. Organization of BSc and MSc projects in project families

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottosen, Lisbeth M.; Goltermann, Per; Jensen, Pernille Erland

    2014-01-01

    of interpersonal skills; teamwork and communication. The students continuously compared and discussed results and became comfortable in using professional engineering language, a point which was very clear at the final oral defenses. From the very beginning the students were presented with clear research goals...... individual projects with students as project leaders and open problems and on the other hand fit each project into a well-defined frame. This challenge has been overcome and with positive side effects. The findings are based on experiences from families with up to 5 individual projects. In the first part...

  11. THE BSC METHOD USED IN ACHIEVING ORGANISATIONAL STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian SOCOLIUC

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is the examination of the concept of Balance Scorecard method and its possibilities in achieving process of the strategic objectives of the entity. The author has developed a Strategy map for an entity that transports goods by lorry. The Strategy map it is an important device used to communicate the strategy, focus organization efforts and implement the strategy developed by the management of the entity. The authors recommended, as well, the form of an internal report „Indicator’s sheet”, used for reporting the mode of achievement of each measure set out in the Strategy map.

  12. Supply Chain Dynamic Performance Measurement Based on BSC and SVM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Hong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Now individual contest among enterprises has been turning into collective contest among supply chains. Supply chain management (SCM has been a major component of competitive strategy to enhance organizational productivity and profitability. In recent years, organizational performance measurement and metrics have received much attention from researchers and practitioners. The foundation of proper supply chain performance assessment system is the basis of its effective operation and management. Most of the traditional supply chain performance evaluation is a static evaluation, while the actual supply chain is a dynamic system, therefore need to adapt with ways to carry out the evaluation. In order to meet the needs of the dynamic alliance's overall performance evaluation, this paper extended the traditional four Balanced Scorecard dimension into five. On this basis, established the five Balanced Scorecard dimension of supply chain, and also established a three-layered of quantitative index system according to this model. Measured then each performance indexs value by using the theory of Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process, meanwhile reduced the number of input of the Support Vector Machine (SVM by using classification method, finally, got performance evaluations result by using the weighted Least Squares Support Vector Machine (LS-SVM, which provides the basis for rational analysis and decision-making of the supply chain.

  13. A catalogue of AKARI FIS BSC extragalactic objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marton, Gabor; Toth, L. Viktor; Gyorgy Balazs, Lajos

    2015-08-01

    We combined photometric data of about 70 thousand point sources from the AKARI Far-Infrared Surveyor Bright Source Catalogue with AllWISE catalogue data to identify galaxies. We used Quadratic Discriminant Analysis (QDA) to classify our sources. The classification was based on a 6D parameter space that contained AKARI [F65/F90], [F90/F140], [F140/F160] and WISE W1-W2 colours along with WISE W1 magnitudes and AKARI [F140] flux values. Sources were classified into 3 main objects types: YSO candidates, evolved stars and galaxies. The training samples were SIMBAD entries of the input point sources wherever an associated SIMBAD object was found within a 30 arcsecond search radius. The QDA resulted more than 5000 AKARI galaxy candidate sources. The selection was tested cross-correlating our AKARI extragalactic catalogue with the Revised IRAS-FSC Redshift Catalogue (RIFSCz). A very good match was found. A further classification attempt was also made to differentiate between extragalactic subtypes using Support Vector Machines (SVMs). The results of the various methods showed that we can confidently separate cirrus dominated objects (type 1 of RIFSCz). Some of our “galaxy candidate” sources are associated with 2MASS extended objects, and listed in the NASA Extragalactic Database so far without clear proofs of their extragalactic nature. Examples will be presented in our poster. Finally other AKARI extragalactic catalogues will be also compared to our statistical selection.

  14. Recovering Sample Diversity in Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filters for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-01

    111 thuat tvypify eac’h alpproa~c are tile extend~ed Kalman ~ filter (EKE) and tile parti(’le filter. 1.4 EKF SLAM Tile Xailinan filter is at) olptinlal...dliversity, or unique filtr samples after resa in pling. noist he miaiiitained. If not. tc lIeMile is proiie to the mnany side effecs of saniple...situations [39]. 2.1.1 Extended Kalman Filter SLAM The EKF rel)rese’nts thie SLAM posterior distribution as a. hig]-dimensiolal lulti- variate Gaussian

  15. Cramér-Rao bound for time-continuous measurements in linear Gaussian quantum systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genoni, Marco G.

    2017-01-01

    We describe a compact and reliable method to calculate the Fisher information for the estimation of a dynamical parameter in a continuously measured linear Gaussian quantum system. Unlike previous methods in the literature, which involve the numerical integration of a stochastic master equation for the corresponding density operator in a Hilbert space of infinite dimension, the formulas here derived depend only on the evolution of first and second moments of the quantum states and thus can be easily evaluated without the need of any approximation. We also present some basic but physically meaningful examples where this result is exploited, calculating analytical and numerical bounds on the estimation of the squeezing parameter for a quantum parametric amplifier and of a constant force acting on a mechanical oscillator in a standard optomechanical scenario.

  16. Cramer-Rao Bounds for UMTS-Based Passive Multistatic Radar

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    targets with passive bistatic radar,” IET Radar Sonar Navig., vol. 6, pp. 739–745, Oct. 2012. [9] D. E. Hack , L. K. Patton, A. D. Kerrick, and M. A...Committee Member, Tutorial Lecturer). He served as the Publicity Chair for the First IEEE International Conference on Waveform Diversity and Design

  17. Cramér-Rao lower bound analysis for guidance systems with bearings-only measurements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yong-an; ZHOU Di; DUAN Guang-ren

    2007-01-01

    Most currently existing investigations on the observability of passive guidance systems can only protimability analysis of closed-loop guidance systems with bearings-only measurements, is proposed. The new method provides an intuitive result for observability of the guidance system through graphical analysis. As a demonstration, a numerical example is presented, in which the degrees of observability of the guidance systems under two commonly used guidance laws are compared by using the new approach.

  18. Ranking critical success factor in chaos management using BSC and AHP method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehsan Khosravi Asil

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Managing an organization under chaos and uncertainty is often a concern of academic society. These days, we may face unpleasant natural, economical or even political incidents where mangers need to handle them, properly. This paper presents an empirical survey to investigate on an electromotor maker when it faces different chaos. The proposed study uses balanced scorecard in terms of four different perspectives including internal process, learning and growth, customer and financial performances. For each perspective, the proposed study uses analytical hierarchy process to rank different sub-criteria. Based on the results of our survey profit margin is the most important item followed by profit capability and brand name while productivity and sales force performance were the least important items.

  19. Construction of Performance Evaluation Index System for Enterprises Implementing Green Food Certification Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the investigation results of 70 green food enterprises in Sichuan Province,the strategic targets of enterprises implementing green food certification are discussed by borrowing ideas from the Balanced Score Card.Balanced Score Card index system is selected and improved according to the changes of enterprises before and after implementing the green food certification system.Then,the performance evaluation index system of enterprises implementing green food certification is established.This index system has five strategic directions of finance,customer,internal management,social ecology,and learning and growth,and has 11 strategic targets,such as increasing operating profit,expanding market,improving the quality of staff,improving the production technology level,enhancing the core competence of enterprises,ensuring food safety,improving the physical quality of human,and protecting ecological environment.According to the principles of guidance,scientificity,comparability,feasibility,and significance,a total of 24 evaluation indices are established,including the change of product cost,change of product sales revenue,change of profit rate,change of return on investment,change of internal and external lost cost,change of the proportion of certified products in total sales and so on.

  20. On zero-rate error exponent for BSC with noisy feedback

    CERN Document Server

    Burnashev, Marat V

    2008-01-01

    For the information transmission a binary symmetric channel is used. There is also another noisy binary symmetric channel (feedback channel), and the transmitter observes without delay all the outputs of the forward channel via that feedback channel. The transmission of a nonexponential number of messages (i.e. the transmission rate equals zero) is considered. The achievable decoding error exponent for such a combination of channels is investigated. It is shown that if the crossover probability of the feedback channel is less than a certain positive value, then the achievable error exponent is better than the similar error exponent of the no-feedback channel. The transmission method described and the corresponding lower bound for the error exponent can be strengthened, and also extended to the positive transmission rates.

  1. On Network-Error Correcting Convolutional Codes under the BSC Edge Error Model

    CERN Document Server

    Prasad, K

    2010-01-01

    Convolutional network-error correcting codes (CNECCs) are known to provide error correcting capability in acyclic instantaneous networks within the network coding paradigm under small field size conditions. In this work, we investigate the performance of CNECCs under the error model of the network where the edges are assumed to be statistically independent binary symmetric channels, each with the same probability of error $p_e$($0\\leq p_e<0.5$). We obtain bounds on the performance of such CNECCs based on a modified generating function (the transfer function) of the CNECCs. For a given network, we derive a mathematical condition on how small $p_e$ should be so that only single edge network-errors need to be accounted for, thus reducing the complexity of evaluating the probability of error of any CNECC. Simulations indicate that convolutional codes are required to possess different properties to achieve good performance in low $p_e$ and high $p_e$ regimes. For the low $p_e$ regime, convolutional codes with g...

  2. BSC A口扩容的原则和常见案例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟俊标; 葛畅

    2009-01-01

    A接口是GSM系统中BSC的最重要的接口之一,A口的开通维护是GSM系统工程师的基本工作之一.文章主要以ZXG10 BSC设备为例,阐述了BSC的A口(TDM E1方式)扩容配置所遵循的一般原则、A口对接时的注意事项和常见问题的排查步骤,并列举了一些实际案例分析.

  3. 阿尔卡特BSC 割接调整方案探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周文; 魏佳旻; 黄启虎

    2015-01-01

    阿尔卡特BSC为分离式架构,BSC、MFS、TC之间通过DDF链接,当DDF需要搬迁时,会直接影响BSC的链接及现网业务,本论文以7套阿尔卡特BSC的DDF搬迁为例,提出了目前网络建设中日益增多的设备替换或搬迁时的建议方案。

  4. 平衡计分卡(BSC)的实施探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田晓

    2006-01-01

    20世纪90年代出现的平衡计分卡(Balanced Scorecard,BSC)是在财务评价基础上进行的扩展,它有效地克服了传统以财务报表为基础的绩效评价制度的片面、静态与滞后性,极大地拓宽了评价理论的空间,成为20世纪最有影响的75个商业理念之一。

  5. Monitoring regional competitiveness using the BSC method: A case of the Czech national tourism organisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palatková Monika

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the adaption of the theoretical models of the regional tourism competitiveness to the conditions of the Czech Republic. The authors of this study analyze a newly emerged theoretical model of regional competitiveness monitoring with respect to the current data availability. The ultimate aim is to specify a proposal for the Czech national tourism organization (CzechTourism in terms of practical usage and monitoring of the competitiveness model. The principal question is how and why to monitor the competitiveness of a tourist destination at the regional and national levels in the Czech Republic. The next step of the project is the conducting of the research, testing of the model and the implementation.

  6. The E-Balanced Scorecard (e-BSC) for Measuring Academic Staff Performance Excellence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, May Leen; Hamid, Suraya; Ijab, Mohamad Taha; Soo, Hsaio Pei

    2009-01-01

    This research paper is a pilot study that investigated the suitability of adopting an automated balanced scorecard for managing and measuring the performance excellence of academic staffs in the higher education setting. A comprehensive study of related literature with requirements elicited from the target population in a selected premier…

  7. Evaluating Effect of Knowledge Management Strategy on Human Resource Management Performance Using BSC Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Mansoori

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This research provided a model for evaluating the effect of knowledge management strategy on human resource management performance in higher education institutes and academic libraries. This research was a descriptive survey. According to the research literature and expert opinions, in human resource level, 38 indicators were produced for evaluating KM, then these indicators were classified in 10 total factors in terms of balanced scorecard approach. The results of evaluating knowledge management in Yazd academic libraries showed that, this strategy on customer perspectives, internal processes, learning and growth perspective had a good performance. But in terms of financial and Labor productivity indicators and training programs it did not have a good outcome for Yazd academic libraries.

  8. 76 FR 53474 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-26

    ... . Matters To Be Discussed: The agenda items for this meeting include: An update to the Board on OPHPR's... review of OPHPR's fiscal allocation process; program responses to the Board's recommendations for the... activities that are relevant to the OPHPR mission. Agenda items are subject to change as priorities...

  9. 75 FR 42448 - Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), Coordinating Center for Health Promotion (CCHP): Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-21

    ...), Coordinating Center for Health Promotion (CCHP): Notice of Charter Amendment This gives notice under the... Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD) and National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health...

  10. Comprehensive Framework for Evaluating e-Learning Systems: Using BSC Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momeni, Mansor; Jamporazmey, Mona; Mehrafrouz, Mohsen; Bahadori, Fatemeh

    2013-01-01

    The development of information and communication technology (ICT) is changing the way in which people work, communicate and learn. Recently developing and implementing e-learning solutions have increased dramatically. According to heavily investing in this area, it is essential to evaluate its different aspects and understand measures, which…

  11. 75 FR 6402 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Marketing (BSC, NCHM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-09

    ... organizational changes at CDC, specifically presentations on the vision, mission, goals and organizational... marketing science at CDC. Agenda items are subject to change as priorities dictate. Contact Person for...

  12. The Rao-Blackwellized marginal M-SMC filter for Bayesian multi-target tracking and labelling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aoki, E.H.; Boers, Y.; Svensson, L.; Mandal, P.K.; Bagchi, A.

    2012-01-01

    In multi-target tracking (MTT), we are often interested not only in finding the position of the objects, but also allowing individual objects to be uniquely identified with the passage of time, by placing a label on each track. In some situations, however, observability conditions do not allow us to

  13. A Rao-Blackwellized particle filter for joint parameter estimation and biomass tracking in a stochastic predator-prey system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-Fernández, Laura; Gilioli, Gianni; Lanzarone, Ettore; Miguez, Joaquin; Pasquali, Sara; Ruggeri, Fabrizio; Ruiz, Diego P

    2014-06-01

    Functional response estimation and population tracking in predator-prey systems are critical problems in ecology. In this paper we consider a stochastic predator-prey system with a Lotka-Volterra functional response and propose a particle filtering method for: (a) estimating the behavioral parameter representing the rate of effective search per predator in the functional response and (b) forecasting the population biomass using field data. In particular, the proposed technique combines a sequential Monte Carlo sampling scheme for tracking the time-varying biomass with the analytical integration of the unknown behavioral parameter. In order to assess the performance of the method, we show results for both synthetic and observed data collected in an acarine predator-prey system, namely the pest mite Tetranychus urticae and the predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis.

  14. Computational intelligence techniques for comparative genomics dedicated to Prof. Allam Appa Rao on the occasion of his 65th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Gunjan, Vinit

    2015-01-01

    This Brief highlights Informatics and related techniques to Computer Science Professionals, Engineers, Medical Doctors, Bioinformatics researchers and other interdisciplinary researchers. Chapters include the Bioinformatics of Diabetes and several computational algorithms and statistical analysis approach to effectively study the disorders and possible causes along with medical applications.

  15. Radiation safety during remediation of the SevRAO facilities: 10 years of regulatory experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sneve, M K; Shandala, N; Kiselev, S; Simakov, A; Titov, A; Seregin, V; Kryuchkov, V; Shcheblanov, V; Bogdanova, L; Grachev, M; Smith, G M

    2015-09-01

    In compliance with the fundamentals of the government's policy in the field of nuclear and radiation safety approved by the President of the Russian Federation, Russia has developed a national program for decommissioning of its nuclear legacy. Under this program, the State Atomic Energy Corporation 'Rosatom' is carrying out remediation of a Site for Temporary Storage of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and radioactive waste (RW) at Andreeva Bay located in Northwest Russia. The short term plan includes implementation of the most critical stage of remediation, which involves the recovery of SNF from what have historically been poorly maintained storage facilities. SNF and RW are stored in non-standard conditions in tanks designed in some cases for other purposes. It is planned to transport recovered SNF to PA 'Mayak' in the southern Urals. This article analyses the current state of the radiation safety supervision of workers and the public in terms of the regulatory preparedness to implement effective supervision of radiation safety during radiation-hazardous operations. It presents the results of long-term radiation monitoring, which serve as informative indicators of the effectiveness of the site remediation and describes the evolving radiation situation. The state of radiation protection and health care service support for emergency preparedness is characterized by the need to further study the issues of the regulator-operator interactions to prevent and mitigate consequences of a radiological accident at the facility. Having in mind the continuing intensification of practical management activities related to SNF and RW in the whole of northwest Russia, it is reasonable to coordinate the activities of the supervision bodies within a strategic master plan. Arrangements for this master plan are discussed, including a proposed programme of actions to enhance the regulatory supervision in order to support accelerated mitigation of threats related to the nuclear legacy in the area.

  16. Acid-base indicators in the venous and arterial blood of horses affected by recurrent airway obstruction (RAO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stopyra, A; Sobiech, P; Waclawska-Matyjasik, A

    2012-01-01

    The acid-base equilibrium is closely linked to gas exchange in the lungs, and respiratory exchange ratios are used to evaluate respiratory effectiveness and tissue oxygen levels. Acid-base indicators are determined in both arterial and venous blood samples. This study compares the usefulness of acid-base indicators of venous and arterial blood in monitoring the condition of horses with recurrent airway obstruction. Prior to treatment involving bronchodilating glucocorticoids, expectorant and mucolytic drugs, more pronounced changes were observed in venous blood (pH 7.283, pCO2 61.92 mmHg, pO2 35.541 mmHg, HCO3- 31.933 mmHg, BE 2.933 mmol/l, O2SAT 58.366%, ctCO2 38.333 mmol/l) than in arterial blood (pH 7.309, pCO2 53.478 mmHg, pO2 90.856 mmHg, HCO3- 28.50 mmHg, BE 3.133 mmol/l, O2SAT 93.375%, ctCO2 31.652 mmol/l), indicating compensated respiratory acidosis. The improvement of respiratory efficiency minimized acidosis symptoms in both venous blood (pH 7.365, pCO2 43.55 mmHg, pO2 47.80 mmHg, HCO3 30.325 mmHg, BE 3.050 mmol/l, O2SAT 80.10%, ctCO2 29.80 mmol/l) and arterial blood (pH 7.375, pCO2 39.268 mmHg, pO2 98.476 mmHg, HCO3- 26.651 mmHg, BE 4.956 mmol/l, O2SAT 98.475%, ctCO2 28.131 mmol/l). Venous blood parameters were marked by greater deviations from mean values, both before and after treatment. Acid-base indicators determined in venous blood are indicative of respiratory disturbances, but they do not support a comprehensive evaluation of gas exchange in the lungs.

  17. Дослідження та аналізування сучасних підходів в адміністративному менеджменті: “теорія обмежених систем” (ТОС) і “збалансована система показників” (BSC)

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Розглянуто сутність понять “теорія обмежень” та “збалансована система показників”, виокремлено показники, які входять до зазначених категорій, та проаналізовано адміністративну складову цих понять, а також описано подібність елементів двох теорій. На основі опрацьованих джерел запропоновано використовувати показники ТОС у концепції BSC на засадах адміністрування. The essence of concepts “theory of constraints” and “balanced Scorecard” have been looked, the parameters that are included in t...

  18. 可持续发展视阈下企业绩效BSC-AHP-FCE评价研究%The Research on BSC-AHP-FCE Evaluation of Enterprise Performance Based on Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍江林; 刘素荣

    2012-01-01

    结合我国企业绩效评价的发展需要,按照可持续发展战略的要求,结合平衡计分卡的四维指导思想,改进平衡计分卡的结构内容,从持续增长财务、相关利益反映、QHSE运营流程、持续创新能力四个维度构建绩效评价指标体系,运用层次分析法确定指标递阶层次结构和权重,构建模糊综合评价模型,分层次进行模糊综合评价,并针对样本企业展开实例应用。%At present, the concept of sustainable development has been integrated into enterprise manage- ment level, but specific performance evaluation still needs to continuously explore. Combined with the needs of enterprise performance evaluation in our country, and reference to previous research, according to the require- ments of the sustainable development strategy, based on BSC(the Balanced Score Card)four-dimensional guiding ideology, improve the structure of Balanced Scorecard, establish performance evaluation index system comprising of the continued growth in financial, related interests reflected, QHSE operational processes and continuous in- novation. And apply AHP to determine the indicators structure and weights, then constuct fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model, proceed hierarchical fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, and an application example analysis.

  19. Study on Evaluation of Internal Control of Supply Chain Based on BSC-FANP%基于 BSC-FANP 供应链内部控制评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玉红; 尤建新; 唐述毅; 王瑞

    2014-01-01

    To enhance the overall effectiveness and promote the sustainable development of the supply chain has always been the focus of supply chain management .To solve this problem ,an evaluation system of internal con-trol of supply chain based on balanced scorecard-fuzzy analytic network process is proposed .First, the balanced scorecard is used to build an efficiency-oriented evaluation index system to improve the overall efficiency of the supply chain , which consists of four indicators and twelve secondary indicators .Then , the evaluation index weight through fuzzy analytic network process is designed .Furthermore, multiplication and addition ( weighted average ) function of fuzzy analytic network process to calculate and synthesize the weight of evaluation indicators and secondary indicators is used .Finally, an example of Shanghai retail supply chain is given , with the balanced scorecard-fuzzy analytic network process mode built in this paper , to analyse and evaluate their supply chain and its node enterprise .The example shows the feasibility and practicability of the model .%提升供应链整体功效、促进供应链持续发展一直以来都是供应链管理关注的重点,针对该问题建立一个基于平衡计分卡-模糊网络分析模型的供应链内部控制评价体系。首先运用平衡计分卡构建一个由4个维度、12个指标组成的以提高整体效率为导向的评价指标体系;然后通过模糊网络分析法对其进行指标权重的设计,运用模糊网络分析法的乘和加(加权平均)算子进行评价指标/维度的权重计算及合成;最后,以上海某零售业供应链为例,运用建立的平衡计分卡-模糊网络分析模型对供应链及其节点企业内部控制现状进行分析、评价,证明了该模型的可行性和实用性。

  20. 关于爱立信BSC Gb over IP改造技术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红军

    2011-01-01

    文章简单介绍7Gb over IP技术,然后详细分析了爱立信BSC设备Gb over IP改造技术,包括网络设计方案及相关原理、现网BSC进行Gb□ IP化改造的内容以及BSC部分数据定义等几方面,对Gb over IP方式下的统计优化进行了探讨,最后举例说明了Gb over IP在实际工作中出现的故障及其处理.

  1. 76 FR 76416 - Request for Nominations of Candidates To Serve on the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ..., virology, parasitology, mycology, immunology, public health, entomology, clinical medicine, and veterinary... geographic areas within the U.S., with diverse representation of both genders, ethnic and racial...

  2. 78 FR 40744 - Request for Nominations of Candidates To Serve on the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-08

    ..., virology, parasitology, mycology, immunology, public health, entomology, clinical medicine, and veterinary... geographic areas within the U.S., with diverse representation of both genders, ethnic and racial...

  3. A BSC method for supplier selection strategy using TOPSIS and VIKOR: A case study of part maker industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel Azar

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, provision-chain management has been one of the major concepts. The main reason that attracts attention to the concept is the increase in competition and struggle for the survival. There are different ways to increase the competition in organizations such as increasing productivity by acquiring information technology. In this paper, we present an integrated model with the balanced score card framework for supplier selection strategy. The proposed model of this paper gathers 161 important factors suggested in the literature and selects the six most important ones using different multi criteria techniques. We also propose a goal programming techniques with some hard constraints and implement the mathematical model for real-world case study of auto industry. The proposed model is solved in four different forms using TOPSIS, VIKOR and the combination of these 2 factors with factor analysis. The preliminary results indicate that a combination of VIKOR and factor analysis presented better results with 9% reduction in costs, 38% increase of quality, and 3.2% increase in acceptability.

  4. Evaluation of a model of dissertation supervision for 3rd year B.Sc. undergraduate nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholefield, Donna; Cox, Georgina

    2016-03-01

    All English universities now offer an all degree undergraduate nursing programme. Many currently use an individual supervision model to support final year dissertation students, but with increased numbers and limited resources new models of supervision are needed. This study evaluated a mixed (group and individual) model of dissertation supervision to determine its effectiveness for a large group of undergraduate nursing students. A sample of 3rd year students and their supervisors were selected from one large university. An evaluation survey was conducted using anonymous internet-based questionnaires and focus groups. The data was analysed using Survey Monkey, SPSS and thematic analysis. A 51% (n = 56/110) response rate (students) and 65% (n = 24/37) for supervisors was obtained. The majority of students and supervisors were satisfied with the new model. There was a mixed response to the group workshops and supervision groups. Three themes emerged from the qualitative data: engaging with the process, motivation to supervise and valuing the process. The supervision process is a struggle but both parties gained considerably from going through the process. In conclusion, a mixed model of supervision together with a range of other learning resources can be an effective approach in supporting students through the dissertation process.

  5. An Examination of the Practicability of COBIT Framework and the Proposal of a COBIT-BSC Model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, S.; Le, Fever H.

    2013-01-01

    Control Objectives for Information and Related Technology (COBIT) becomes very popular in recent years and is regarded as the most comprehensive IT governance framework. However, its actual utilization and effectiveness are not clear due to the lack of academic studies. Also, the proliferation of ot

  6. Identify and Prioritize Effective Indicators at the Administration of Qazvin Imam Khomeini Relief Foundation Using Balanced Scorecard (BSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javad Mehrabi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available According to the organization's activities as a social institution responsive to society expectations, the performance evaluation can determine organization success or failure rate in the goals achievement.This study has been done to survey performance evaluation of administration Qazvin Imam Khomeini Relief Foundation. This research is a descriptive - analytical survey and a simple random sample of 7 individuals from the expert staff have been chosen and questionnaire was completed by them. Then, obtained data was analyzed by MATLAB software. It is worth noting that data design and analysis has been based on the analytic network process.Main indicators of this research are including: customer orientation aspect, internal business processes aspect, growth and learning and financial aspect. Financial aspect with the 35.72% had highest weight, customer orientation aspect with the 25.15% was in the next place, growth and learning aspect with 20.84% was in the third place and finally, internal business processes aspect with 18.29% was in the fourth place. Finally, in addition to the study of necessity of educational programs and internal business processes promotion and development, its more effective implementation is recommended.

  7. Implementácia KPI (metódou BSC) vo vybranom výrobnom podniku

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This diploma thesis deals with implementation of key performance indicators by means of Balanced Scorecard in a selected manufacturing company. The aim of the thesis is to design a strategic map and propose key performance indicators based on Balanced Scorecard system which will lead to improved management of the company. Afterwards the outputs of the designed Balanced Scorecard are used for implementation of an initial Business Intelligence solution using currently available data of the comp...

  8. Performance Assessment of the Food Industry of Tehran Stock Exchange Based on Balanced Score Card (BSC Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morteza Asadi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Major objective of the present paper was to study the role of balanced score card regarding performance assessment of companies listed in food and beverage industry in the stock exchange. This survey is descriptive and is regarded as a quasi-experimental research plan (Ex-Post design. The statistical population included 200 managers and research sample consisted of 99 persons based on Cochran formula. Questionnaire was used for data collection. Frequency tables and appropriate diagrams were applied to describe data and inferential statistics methods such as student's t-test were used to confirm or reject hypotheses. Variance analysis and t-test for two independent samples were used to study the impact of personal characteristics on responding to the hypotheses. Ranking of improvement degree of indexes for realization of purposes and determining rank of each factor was studied using Friedman test. Results of testing hypotheses reveal it is necessary for organizations to emphasize internal processes more given that planning and implementing efficient and suitable processes in the organization is led to offering appropriate services. About growth and learning scope it is notable that since employees are major capitals of the organization, special attention must be paid to this sector in order to satisfy employees and provide long-term benefits of the organization.

  9. 75 FR 39265 - Request for Nominations of Candidates To Serve on the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... or occupational medicine, behavioral science, risk assessment, exposure assessment, and experts in... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND..., Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) The NCEH/ATSDR is soliciting nominations for...

  10. An integrated approach to analyze strategy map using BSC – FUZZY AHP: A case study of auto industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Abdolshah

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In an environment, which is highly competitive and everything changes rapidly, managers of organizations face with problems such as how to identify important factors preventing organizations from optimum use of available resources and capacities and invest more on key factors. To achieve this goal, we need to develop an effective strategy map for organizations. The strategy map is a constructional and expanding procedure to identify relationships among all the organization's strategic goals, which play a key role in achieving competitive advantage. Undoubtedly, representing a model to identify and to evaluate the important items for each of available goals in strategy map of each organization is a significant help for management to access higher competition benefits. In this paper, strategic objectives in the strategy map of one of the best producer of electric auto part makers in Iran called Electric Vehicle Co. East are evaluated based on balanced score card perspective and to assign appropriate values to available factors we use a hybrid method consist of AHP technique with Fuzzy logic.

  11. First Records ofMegophrys daweimontis Rao and Yang, 1997 andAmolops vitreus (Bain, Stuart and Orlov, 2006) (Anura:Megophryidae, Ranidae) from Vietnam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dzung Trung LE; Anh Van PHAM; Son Hung Lan NGUYEN; Thomas ZIEGLER; Truong Quang NGUYEN

    2015-01-01

    Two amphibian species,Megophrys daweimontisandAmolops vitreus,are recorded for the ifrst time from Vietnam, on the basis of a new amphibian collection from Dien Bien and Son La provinces. In addition, acoustic analysis ofA. vitreus is also provided based on the advertisement calls recorded in Muong Nhe Nature Reserve of Dien Bien Province, Vietnam.

  12. Lood ajast ja elust / Indrek Rohtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rohtmets, Indrek, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Joonisfilm "Elulood" : stsenaristid Rao Heidmets ja Mats Traat : režissöör Rao Heidmets : kunstnik Ave Nahkur : helilooja Olav Ehala : Rao Heidmetsa Filmistuudio, 2007. Lk. 111-112 lühidalt R. Heidmetsa biograafia ja filmograafia

  13. Evaluation of the use of Classical Nucleation Theory for predicting intestinal crystalline precipitation of two weakly basic BSC class II drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlert, Sara; Lennernäs, Hans; Abrahamsson, Bertil

    2014-03-12

    The aim of this work was to evaluate an in vitro-in silico approach for prediction of small intestinal crystalline precipitation and drug absorption of two weakly basic model BCS class II drugs, AZD0865 and mebendazole. The crystallization rates were investigated in an in vitro method using simulated gastric and intestinal media, and the result was modeled by using Classical Nucleation Theory (CNT). The effect of varying in vitro parameters (initial drug concentration, rate of mixing gastric and intestinal fluid, stirring and filtration) on the interfacial tension γ, being a key parameter in CNT, was investigated. The initial drug concentration had the most significant effect on γ for both substances tested, although γ is a fundamental parameter independent of concentration according to CNT. In the subsequent in silico prediction of drug absorption, by use of a Compartmental and Transit intestinal model, an empirical approach was used where γ was allowed to vary with simulated small intestinal concentrations. The in silico predictions were compared to published human in vivo plasma drug concentration data for different doses of AZD0865 and dog intestinal drug concentrations, amount precipitated in intestine and plasma concentrations for mebendazole. The results showed that lack of significant crystallization effects on absorption in man of the model drug AZD0865 up to doses of 4 mg/kg could be predicted which was in accordance with in vivo data. Mebendazole intestinal precipitation in canines was also well described by the model, where mean predicted amount precipitated was 136% (range 111-164%) of measured solid amount, and mean predicted intestinal concentration was 94% (range 59-147%) of measured concentration. In conclusion, the in vitro-in silico approach can be used for predictions of absorption effects of crystallization, but the model could benefit from further development work on the theoretical crystallization model and in vitro experimental design.

  14. The Method for BSC Allocation and the Design of Cutover Scheme%BSC划分方法与割接方案的制定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗鹏

    2009-01-01

    BSC的割接规划主要是BSC控制范围和负荷的合理规划,以及在割接过程中应当考虑的各个方面的细节.主要介绍了BSC的割接规划流程、BSC区域划分方法(包括BSC容量、边界因素、LAC区域的划分等)以及在割接过程中需要注意的问题.

  15. Global aerosol modeling with the online NMMB/BSC Chemical Transport Model: sensitivity to fire injection height prescription and secondary organic aerosol schemes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spada, Michele; Jorba, Oriol; Pérez García-Pando, Carlos; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Soares, Joana; Obiso, Vincenzo; Janjic, Zavisa; Baldasano, Jose M.

    2015-04-01

    We develop and evaluate a fully online-coupled model simulating the life-cycle of the most relevant global aerosols (i.e. mineral dust, sea-salt, black carbon, primary and secondary organic aerosols, and sulfate) and their feedbacks upon atmospheric chemistry and radiative balance. Following the capabilities of its meteorological core, the model has been designed to simulate both global and regional scales with unvaried parameterizations: this allows detailed investigation on the aerosol processes bridging the gap between global and regional models. Since the strong uncertainties affecting aerosol models are often unresponsive to model complexity, we choose to introduce complexity only when it clearly improves results and leads to a better understanding of the simulated aerosol processes. We test two important sources of uncertainty - the fires injection height and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) production - by comparing a baseline simulation with experiments using more advanced approaches. First, injection heights prescribed by Dentener et al. (2006, ACP) are compared with climatological injection heights derived from satellite measurements and produced through the Integrated Monitoring and Modeling System For Wildland Fires (IS4FIRES). Also global patterns of SOA produced by the yield conversion of terpenes as prescribed by Dentener et al. (2006, ACP) are compared with those simulated by the two-product approach of Tsigaridis et al. (2003, ACP). We evaluate our simulations using a variety of observations and measurement techniques. Additionally, we discuss our results in comparison to other global models within AEROCOM and ACCMIP.

  16. Study on strategic management cockpit of university based on BSC%基于BSC的高校战略管理驾驶舱系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李良; 米智伟; 向新

    2011-01-01

    To enhance the capacity of the university strategic management and strengthen the core competitiveness of university, a information-based method of strategic management in university is proposed, which is based on balanced scorecard theory and management cockpit platform. First, the possibility of importing balanced scorecard into management cockpit system is discussed. Second, according to the different characteristics between universities and enterprises, the enterprise used balanced scorecard is modified to suit the situation of university. Then, it is used to S university, and a strategic management indicator system is designed. After that, the strategic management cockpit of university, which manages strategic information of university, is built by importing this management model into the management cockpit. Meanwhile, a case of theme: "outstanding teaching and researching services" is presented to verify the feasibility of the system.%为了提升高校战略管理能力,增强高校核心竞争力,提出了基于平衡计分卡理论和管理驾驶舱实现平台的高校战略管理的信息化方法.讨论了将平衡计分卡理论引入到管理驾驶舱系统的可能性,根据高校与企业的不同特点,将企业用的平衡计分卡修正为适合高校的平衡计分卡,并将其应用到S大学,设计了S大学战略管理指标体系.通过把该管理模型引入到管理驾驶舱系统,设计了高校战略管理驾驶舱系统,实现了高校战略管理的信息化.以“卓越的教学与科研服务”战略主题为例论证了该系统的可行性.

  17. Application of Balance Scorecard (BSC) to Strategic Management%平衡计分卡在战略管理中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张子刚; 程志勇

    2004-01-01

    战略不能实现,并非都是战略本身的问题,多数情况下是战略实施的问题.分析了影响企业战略有效执行的因素,介绍了平衡计分卡的基本框架,论述了平衡计分卡与战略管理的关系,并在此基础上提出了用平衡计分卡进行战略管理的方法和步骤.

  18. An empirical study based on BSC-DEA to measure the relative efficiencies of different health care centers in province of Semnan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azam Ghotbuee

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present an empirical investigation to measure the relative efficiency of seven health care centers in province of Semnan, Iran, which were under the coverage of social security organization of Iran. The proposed model of this paper uses a hybrid of balanced score card and data envelopment analysis for performance measurement. The proposed sudy uses four perspectives of balanced score card including learning and growth, internal process, customer and financial perspectives and within each perspective, data envelopment analysis is adopted so that the outputs of each perspective are used as inputs of the other perspective. The preliminary results indicate that all seven units perform relatively well and the overall efficiency of all units in this province is 0.769.

  19. 基于BSC的供应链绩效评价因子分析%Factor Analysis of Supply Chain Performance Evaluation Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐永俊

    2014-01-01

    借助若干可量化和可操作的指标进行了实例分析与验证,将复杂的供应链系统分解成若干子系统,建立了包括顾客满意度评价、供应链财务评价和供应链绿色度评价等子系统,运用因子分析法对其进行分析并得出结论,对实施供应链绩效控制有一定的指导和借鉴意义。%In this paper, we decomposed a complex supply chain system into several subsystems including the customer satisfaction subsystem, supply chain financial evaluation subsystem and supply chain greenness evaluation subsystem, etc., and at the end applied factor analysis in the process which yielded several useful conclusions.

  20. The Research on Business Ethics of Tourism Corporations Based on BSC%基于平衡记分卡的旅游企业道德研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐善鸿; 吕波

    2006-01-01

    由于行业特性和道德本身的难以衡量性,评价旅游企业道德成为业界与学界的难题.笔者利用平衡记分卡思想,拓展了旅游企业道德评价指标体系的设计思路,通过与具体指标相对应,提出了提升旅游企业道德的具体举措,为旅游企业规范道德行为、建立具有实践操作性的道德系统提供指导和借鉴.

  1. The intention to pursue graduate studies in nursing: a look at BScN students' self-efficacy and value influences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plunkett, Robyn D; Iwasiw, Carroll L; Kerr, Mickey

    2010-01-01

    The shortage of graduate-level prepared nurses is reaching critical levels. Combined with an anticipated wave of faculty retirements, a relatively older graduate student body, and an insufficient number of graduates at the Masters' and doctoral levels, the recruitment of more and younger students into graduate programs in nursing has become a priority for the profession. Current understanding of why undergraduate nursing students choose to pursue graduate studies in nursing remains vague. A non-experimental descriptive correlational study was designed and 87 useable surveys were collected from fourth-year baccalaureate nursing students at a large South-Western Ontario University (response rate = 67%). The influence of student valuation of graduate studies and self-efficacy (SE) for graduate studies on student intention to pursue graduate studies in nursing was clearly demonstrated with this study (R(2) = .52). Implications for nursing education include working towards undergraduate curricula that enhance students' valuation of and SE for graduate studies in nursing.

  2. Reviewing the application of the balanced scorecard with implications for low-income health settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabbani, Fauziah; Jafri, S M Wasin; Abbas, Farhat; Pappas, Gregory; Brommels, Mats; Tomson, Goran

    2007-01-01

    High-income countries (HICs) are increasingly making use of the balanced scorecard (BSC) in healthcare. Evidence about BSC usage in low-income countries (LICs) is deficient. This study assessed feasibility of BSC use in LICs. Systematic review of electronic databases shows that the BSC improved patient, staff, clinical, and financial outcomes in HICs. To translate the experience of BSC use in HICs to their use in LICs, the applicability parameters of the National Committee for Quality Assurance were applied. Despite contextual challenges, pilot testing of BSC use can be undertaken in selected LICs. Committed leadership, cultural readiness, quality information systems, viable strategic plans, and optimum resources are required.

  3. O Balanced Scorecard (BSC) como ferramenta de gestão estratégica: uma proposta de aplicação em empreendimentos hoteleiros na cidade de Presidente Figueiredo/Amazonas

    OpenAIRE

    Lima Filho, Fernando Pereira

    2013-01-01

    Os hotéis de selva de pequenas cidades do interior tem um papel muito importante a desempenhar nestes tempos de turismo ecológico, resgate do meio ambiente e da importância de usufruir o contato com a natureza, a fim de preservá-la. A presente pesquisa teve como objetivo demonstrar que o Balanced Scorecard pode servir de ferramenta alternativa de gestão para empreendimentos hoteleiros turísticos de gerenciamento familiar localizados na cidade de Presidente Figueiredo no Estado do Amazon...

  4. MIBCIS: método de integração entre o BSC, CMMI E Six Sigma utilizando GQM no suporte a definição de métricas

    OpenAIRE

    Covatti, Andressa

    2007-01-01

    A área de qualidade de software tem apresentado diversos estudos e pesquisas em diferentes frentes, seja em nível de produto ou de processo. Existem várias iniciativas na área de melhoria de processos de software, que muitas vezes podem ser conflitantes em uma mesma organização. Observando alguns dos modelos e metodologias existentes no mercado, o modelo CMMI e a metodologia Six Sigma se destacam por serem complementares, enquanto o CMMI tem foco na organização e na gestão por processos. O Si...

  5. Appraisal of Key Performance Indicators for Sales Staff Based on BSC and Application of the Result%基于BSC的销售人员KPI考核方法及应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏永林; 李莹莹

    2012-01-01

    对销售人员进行有效的绩效考核,直接关系到对销售人员的激励-9约束,也影响着企业的内部管理。当前国内的企业在销售人员的考核中对绩效考核的内容考虑不全面,绩效考核结果没有充分利用。这些行为对绩效考核产生了消极的影响。企业应该从销售人员绩效考核指标入手,采用科学的管理方法,建立一整套销售人员的绩效考核体系,从而提高绩效考核在企业销售人员管理中的积极作用。%Effective performance appraisal of the sales staff is directly related to the sales staff incentives and constraints, and also affects the internal management of the enterprise. Currently, domestic enterprises do not fully consider the content of the performance appraisal, and do not take full advantage of the performance evaluation results. These acts had a negative impact on performance appraisal. Enterprise should start from the sales staff performance appraisal index, and adopt scientific management methods to establish a complete set of sales staff performance appraisal system, thereby enhancing the positive role of performance appraisal in enterprise sales force management.

  6. 基于BSC与战略地图的高校教育信息化使用效益评价研究%Research on the Benefit Evaluation of Higher Education Informatization Based on BSC and Strategy Map

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白丽媛; 李亚文; 刘东; 张连城

    2012-01-01

    平衡计分卡用来衡量战略,战略地图用来描述战略,将二者结合起来,构建高校信息化战略地图.从价值贡献、提高用户满意度、内部过程、学习与成长4个维度建立平衡计分卡,对高校教育信息化使用效益进行研究,有利于信息化战略的修订与改进,促进信息化使用效益的提升,希望为高校信息化管理提供新的思路.%Strategy is measured by balanced scorecard,and described by strategy map, the integration of above two aspects can construct strategy map of higher education informatization. Establish balanced scorecard from value contribution, improving customer satisfaction, internal processes, learning and growth. Analyse the efficiency of higher education informatization. It's favorable for revising informatization strategy,promoting informatization efficiency,providing new method for higher education informatization management.

  7. 基于BSC和AHP的高校科技查新站绩效评估模型构建%Construction of Performance Evaluation Model of University Sci-tech Novelty Retrieval Station Based on BSC and AHP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋乐平

    2011-01-01

    为了科学合理的对高校科技查新工作进行管理,文章基于平衡计分卡的核心思想,针对高校科技查新站的实际情况,构建了集财务、用户、内部流程和查新员学习成长四个维度的绩效评估指标体系模型,并应用层次分析法和Madab软件确定了各项评估指标的权重。%In order to process the university sci-tech novelty retrieval by the science reasonable management way, based on balanced score card(BSC), this paper designs the performance evaluation indicators system model which including financial, users, internal pro

  8. 基于平衡计分卡的绿色供应链绩效评价研究%Study on Green Supply Chain Performance Evaluation Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寻小荣

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, from the angle of finance, customer service, internal operation and study/development, we established the performance evaluation index system for the green supply chain, adopted the fuzzy AHP in the evaluation process, and at the end, by applying the model in the empirical case of a certain enterprise, demonstrated the feasibility of the index system as well as the practical strategy for the enterprise to implement the performance evaluation course for its green supply chain.%从财务、客户服务、内部运营、学习和发展四个维度构建绿色供应链绩效评价指标体系,运用模糊层次分析法来进行绩效评价;最后把模型运用到企业中去,证明该指标体系的可行性并得出企业实施绿色供应链绩效评价的策略。

  9. 软交换架构中边界会话控制器的容灾解决方案%The Disaster Recovery Solutions of BSC in the Framework of Soft Switch

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐蕾

    2011-01-01

    在简述软交换架构中SBC设备的原理基础上,结合软交换网络的发展趋势,介绍了当前主流通信运营商SBC各种组网形式,并提出一种改进型的SBC容灾组网解决方案。%First introduce the principle of SBC equipment based on the framework of soft switch. And then combined with the development trend of the soft-switched networks, introduce the current mainstream telecom operators SBC's various networking, and puts forward a form of improved SBC disaster recovery solutions.

  10. Apports du bilan étiologique des occlusions de l'artère centrale de la rétine et de ses branches et conséquences thérapeutiques

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Coisy, S; Leruez, S; Ebran, J-M;

    2013-01-01

    Retinal artery occlusions (RAO) are severe conditions threatening vision, affecting the subsequent mortality of these patients.......Retinal artery occlusions (RAO) are severe conditions threatening vision, affecting the subsequent mortality of these patients....

  11. Eesti filmid silmale, mõttele, suunurgale ja põselohule / Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Kolm Eesti Joonisfilmis ja Nukufilmis valminud animafilmi esilinastusid kinos Kosmos : Priit Pärna "Karl ja Marilyn", Rao Heidmetsa "Instinkt" (kunstnik Navitrolla) ja Ülo Pikkovi "Ahviaasta". Näidati ka eelreklaamita Rao Heidmetsa filmi "Frank Mulleri kellad"

  12. Headus koomilises kuues / Rein Tootmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tootmaa, Rein

    2002-01-01

    Rao Heidmetsa lühimängufilm lastele "Heinaloom" : dialoogid Andrus Kivirähk : operaator Mait Mäekivi : Rao Heidmetsa Filmistuudio OÜ 2001. Ka Heidmetsa filmograafia. Kokkuvõte inglise keeles lk. 96

  13. Impact of Base Station Cooperation on Cell Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Dexter Garcia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Base station cooperation (BSC has been identified as a key radio access technology for next-generation cellular networks such as LTE-Advanced. BSC impacts cell planning, which is the methodical selection of base station (BS sites, and BS equipment configuration for cost-effective cellular networks. In this paper, the impact of BSC on cell plan parameters (coverage, traffic, handover, and cost, as well as additional cell planning steps required for BSC are discussed. Results show that BSC maximizes its gains over noncooperation (NC in a network wherein interference from cooperating BSs is the main limitation. Locations exist where NC may produce higher throughputs, therefore dynamic or semistatic switching between BSC and NC, called fractional BSC, is recommended. Because of interference from noncooperating BSs, the gains of BSC over NC are upper bounded, and diminishes at greater intersite distances because of noise. This encourages smaller cell sizes, higher transmit powers, and dynamic clustering of cooperative BSs.

  14. 77 FR 60707 - National Toxicology Program Board of Scientific Counselors; Announcement of Meeting; Request for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-04

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Toxicology Program Board of Scientific Counselors... Toxicology Program (NTP) Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC). The NTP BSC, a federally chartered, external... authorities knowledgeable in fields such as toxicology, pharmacology, pathology, biochemistry,...

  15. Cyclic bandwidth sum of graphs%图的圈带宽和

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丹君; 卜月华

    2005-01-01

    图的圈带宽和问题即为求图G的一个在圈上的标号,并且使得边的总长尽可能地小,用BSc(G)表示.给出了BSc(G)的一个上界并讨论了BSc(G+e)与BSc(G)的关系,其中eE(G).

  16. Long-term survival results of a randomized phase III trial of vinflunine plus best supportive care versus best supportive care alone in advanced urothelial carcinoma patients after failure of platinum-based chemotherapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bellmunt, J; Fougeray, R; Rosenberg, J E;

    2013-01-01

    To compare long-term, updated overall survival (OS) of patients with advanced transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium (TCCU) treated with vinflunine plus best supportive care (BSC) or BSC alone, after failure of platinum-based chemotherapy.......To compare long-term, updated overall survival (OS) of patients with advanced transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium (TCCU) treated with vinflunine plus best supportive care (BSC) or BSC alone, after failure of platinum-based chemotherapy....

  17. Evaluating the balanced scorecard at the University Health Network: an impact assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Justin; Bell, Robert; Khalfan, Adil; Lindquist, Evert

    2008-01-01

    The balanced scorecard (BSC) has become increasing popular in healthcare organizations. A recent study conducted at the University Health Network in Toronto explored the extent to which the BSC has focused and aligned various organizational units and departments around shared goals and objectives. The evaluation also assessed the BSC's impact on front-line staff and how the development and rollout of the BSC should be modified in the next planning iteration.

  18. [Experience in teaching a biopsy-section course in Belarus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krylov, Yu V; Malashenko, S V; Lesnichaya, O V; Krylov, A Yu

    2015-01-01

    The paper deals with the improvement of teaching a biopsy-section course (BSC). The authors have analyzed the most frequent errors in the interaction of clinicians with a pathology service and summed up the experience of the Pathological Anatomy Department in practical work and teaching the BSC. The differentiated approach to teaching the BSC to resident students of different specialties is proposed.

  19. Alignment of University Information Technology Resources with the Malcolm Baldrige Results Criteria for Performance Excellence in Education: A Balanced Scorecard Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beard, Deborah F.; Humphrey, Roberta L.

    2014-01-01

    The authors suggest using a balanced scorecard (BSC) approach to evaluate information technology (IT) resources in higher education institutions. The BSC approach illustrated is based on the performance criteria of the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award in Education. This article suggests areas of potential impact of IT on BSC measures in…

  20. Discussing Feedback System Thinking in Relation to a Balanced Scorecard, Inspired by an Actual Case

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Nielsen, Erland Hejn

    Since the emergence of the Balanced Scorecard at the beginning of the 1990s, only few articles have proposed a framework of translating BSC into an analytical numerical model. This paper addresses two research themes : (1) a discussion of the cause-and-effect modeling within the BSC and (2), how...... may the feedback systems thinking and causal loop reasoning be conducted within BSC. In contrast to previous literature on BSC this paper focuses on a System Dynamics Modeling approach to transform a static BSC into a dynamic and analytical closed loop management model by incorporating both time...

  1. A new record of Morula anaxares with a description of the radula of three other species from Goa, Central West Coast of India (Gastropoda: Muricidae)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kumbhar, J.V.; Rivonker, C.U.

    shell morphology, sculpture, micro-structure, operculum, radula and anatomical characters. However, studies along Indian coasts (Rao and Rao, 1993; Rajagopal et al., 1998; Rao, 2003) are meagre and based primarily on shell morphology, operculum... structure and meristic counts. Further, these studies lack details of radular structure, an important tool used in muricid systematics. Radular characters have also been widely used in diagnosis, even though Jyoti V. Kumbhar1, Chandrashekher U. Rivonker2...

  2. Structure- and isoform-specific glucuronidation of six curcumin analogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Danyi; Liu, Hui; Ye, Wencai; Wang, Ying; Wu, Baojian

    2017-04-01

    1. In the present study, we aimed to characterize the glucuronidation of six curcumin analogs (i.e. RAO-3, RAO-8, RAO-9, RAO-18, RAO-19, and RAO-23) derived from galangal using human liver microsomes (HLM) and twelve expressed UGT enzymes. 2. Formation of glucuronide was confirmed using high-resolution mass spectrometry. Single glucuronide metabolite was generated from each of six curcumin analogs. The fragmentation patterns were analyzed and were found to differ significantly between alcoholic and phenolic glucuronides. 3. All six curcumin analogs except one (RAO-23) underwent significant glucuronidation in HLM and expressed UGT enzymes. In general, the methoxy group (close to the phenolic hydroxyl group) enhanced the glucuronidation liability of the curcumin analogs. 4. UGT1A9 and UGT2B7 were primarily responsible for the glucuronidation of two alcoholic analogs (RAO-3 and RAO-18). By contrast, UGT1A9 and four UGT2Bs (UGT2B4, 2B7, 2B15 and 2B17) played important roles in conjugating three phenolic analogs (RAO-8, RAO-9, and RAO-19). Interestingly, the conjugated double bonds system (in the aliphatic chain) was crucial to the substrate selectivity of gastrointestinal UGTs (i.e. UGT1A7, 1A8 and 1A10). 5. In conclusion, glucuronidation of six curcumin analogs from galangal were structure- and isoform-specific. The knowledge should be useful in identifying a curcumin analog with improved metabolic property.

  3. Procurement of a Nanoindenter for Structure-Function Analyses of Biologically Inspired High Performance Composite Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-13

    Zavattieri (Purdue University), Dr. Ali Miserez (Nanyang University), Dr. Dimitri Deheyn (Scripps, UCSD), Dr. Masa Rao (UCR). Finally, through the...Chitons. The fourth project, to be performed in collaboration with Professor Masa Rao at UCR, would investigate micro-and nano-mechanical properties...Miserez (Nanyang University), Dr. Dimitri Deheyn (Scripps, UCSD), Dr. Masa Rao (UCR). Finally, through the procurement of this instrument, the data we

  4. Robust bound states in the continuum in Kerr microcavity embedded in photonic crystal waveguide

    CERN Document Server

    Bulgakov, Evgeny N

    2014-01-01

    We present a two-dimensional photonic crystal design with a microcavity of four defect dielectric rods with eigenfrequencies residing in the propagating band of directional waveguide. In the linear case for tuning of material parameters of defect rods the nonrobust bound state in the continuum (BSC) might occur. The BSC is a result of full destructive interference of resonant monopole and quadrupole modes with the same parity. % to trap light interior of the microcavity. A robust BSC arises in a self-adaptive way without necessity to tune the parameters of the microcavity with the Kerr effect. Lack of the superposition principle in nonlinear systems gives rise to coupling of the BSC with injecting light. That forms a peculiar shape of isolated transmittance resonance around BSC frequency. We show if injecting light is switched off the BSC storages light that opens a way for light accumulation.

  5. Meeting the challenge in performance management: the diffusion and implementation of the balanced scorecard in Chinese hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Tian; Gurd, Bruce

    2015-03-01

    The bonus system used in Chinese hospitals has been criticized for eroding doctors' professional ethics and aggravating patient expense. This research article focuses on one system to improve hospital performance, the balanced scorecard (BSC). We use three data sources to examine the diffusion and implementation of the BSC in China: a questionnaire survey in Shandong Province, a print-media indicators and content analysis of the published BSC papers and semi-structured interviews with managers of Chinese hospitals that use the BSC. The research evidence shows that bonus systems are important, partially because of the poor pay of hospital professionals, and the BSC is perceived as providing a fair system to award such bonuses. This helps explain the relative endurance of the BSC in Chinese hospitals.

  6. Strategi Mengatasi Common Measures Bias dalam Balanced Scorecard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekar Akrom Faradiza

    2016-06-01

    Balanced Scorecard (BSC is a comprehensive performance measurement. BSC is not only used financial indicators but also non financial indicators there are customer, internal process business and learning and growth perspective. By using BSC, evaluators have common and unique measures. When evaluate manager performance, evaluator tends to only use common measures and ignore unique measures. This is called common measures bias. This study aims to investigate whether dissaggregated and aggregated BSC and management communication can overcome common measures bias and intent to BSC approach. This study also will evaluate whether these approach will affect evaluator decision when allocated compensation. We conduct 2x2x2 experiment of undergraduate accounting students. Participant act as a senior manager and evaluate the performance of two divisions and then allocated the bonus. ANOVA repeated measurement are used to conduct hypothesis test. The results showed that dissaggregated BSC and management communication could not overcome common measures bias but effected  management decision when allocated compensation.

  7. Motives, Diffusion and Utilisation of the Balanced Scorecard in Demark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Sørensen, René

    2004-01-01

    The Balanced ScoreCard (BSC) has achieved great attention in Denmark by now but no large surveys exists concerning motives for implementing BSC in Denmark. A questionnaire survey of 53 respondents from Danish medium-size and large manufacturing companies showed that areas such as 'strategy work...... international studies we found that Danish companies seem to be at an initial phase of implementing BSC....

  8. The Hamburg/RASS optical identification project

    CERN Document Server

    Zickgraf, F J; Hagen, H J; Reimers, D

    2003-01-01

    We use digitized Schmidt direct and prism plates taken for the northern hemisphere Hamburg Quasar Survey (HQS) to obtain optical identifications for all high galactic latitude X-ray sources in the ROSAT Bright Source Catalogue (RASS-BSC) at |b|>=30 deg and DEC >= 0deg. In this part of the sky the RASS-BSC contains about 5300 X-ray sources. Presently, identifications exist for about 4100 RASS-BSC sources in this galactic latitude range.

  9. Evaluating the Fraser Health Balanced Scorecard--a formative evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnardo, Catherine; Jivanni, Amin

    2009-01-01

    Fraser Health (FH), a large, Canadian, integrated health care network, adopted the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) approach to monitor organizational performance in 2006. This paper reports on the results of a formative evaluation, conducted in April, 2008, to assess the usefulness of the BSC as a performance-reporting system and a performance management tool. Results indicated that the BSC has proven to be useful for reporting performance but is not currently used for performance management in a substantial way.

  10. Basaloid squamous carcinoma of the supraglottic larynx with neuro-endocrine features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajjyoti Das

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Basaloid squamous carcinoma (BSC is a rare aggressive variant of squamous cell carcinoma and occurs mainly at the larynx, oropharynx and tongue of the head and neck region. Neuro-endocrine differentiation of BSC is further rare occurrence in laryngeal cancers. We report here a case of BSC of supraglottic larynx with neuro-endocrine differentiation, which was treated by radiotherapy and its response to treatment.

  11. Modification of gray iron produced by induction melting with barium strontium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modzelevskaya, G.; Feoktistov, A. V.; Selyanin, I. F.; Kutsenko, A. I.; Kutsenko, A. A.

    2016-09-01

    The article provides analysis of results of gray iron experimental melts in induction furnace and the following melt modification with barium-strontium carbonate (BSC-2). It is shown that modification positively affects mechanical and casting properties and as-cast iron structure. It was established that BSC-2 granulated immediately prior to use has greater impact on melt than BSC-2 of the same faction, supplied by the manufacturer.

  12. 京九线 GSM-R 无线子系统热备冗余方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘涛

    2014-01-01

    为避免京九线 GSM-R 系统 BSC 为单节点设置时出现因 BSC 故障导致 GSM-R 无线子系统退服的问题,通过增设备用 BSC、利用华为 BSC 冗余热备机制实现 BSC 的双节点冗余保护,提高了 GSM-R 系统的可靠性。

  13. Enformasyon Teknolojisi Yönetiminde Dengelenmiş Puan Kartı = The Balanced Scorecard in Management of Information Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yücel YILMAZ

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The management of information technology (IT is increasingly gaining importance for corporations, connected to increasing benefits obtained from these technologies. The Balanced Scorecard (BSC, which is applied widespread in corporations, states a strategy oriented management system. This article deals with utilization potentials of the BSC in IT management. First, changed characteristics of IT departments and their new roles are evaluated. After that, general characteristics and main functions of the BSC are handled. In the third part, different approaches in relation to applying of the BSC in IT are discussed.

  14. Applications of the balanced scorecard for strategic management and performance measurement in the health sector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrouzi, Farshad; Shaharoun, Awaluddin Mohamed; Ma'aram, Azanizawati

    2014-05-01

    In order to attain a useful balanced scorecard (BSC), appropriate performance perspectives and indicators are crucial to reflect all strategies of the organisation. The objectives of this survey were to give an insight regarding the situation of the BSC in the health sector over the past decade, and to afford a generic approach of the BSC development for health settings with specific focus on performance perspectives, performance indicators and BSC generation. After an extensive search based on publication date and research content, 29 articles published since 2002 were identified, categorised and analysed. Four critical attributes of each article were analysed, including BSC generation, performance perspectives, performance indicators and auxiliary tools. The results showed that 'internal business process' was the most notable BSC perspective as it was included in all reviewed articles. After investigating the literature, it was concluded that its comprehensiveness is the reason for the importance and high usage of this perspective. The findings showed that 12 cases out of 29 reviewed articles (41%) exceeded the maximum number of key performance indicators (KPI) suggested in a previous study. It was found that all 12 cases were large organisations with numerous departments (e.g. national health organisations). Such organisations require numerous KPI to cover all of their strategic objectives. It was recommended to utilise the cascaded BSC within such organisations to avoid complexity and difficulty in gathering, analysing and interpreting performance data. Meanwhile it requires more medical staff to contribute in BSC development, which will result in greater reliability of the BSC.

  15. Developing and using a balanced scorecard: a case study with SWOT analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumbus, Andra; Lussier, Robert N

    2003-01-01

    Have you tried to measure your laboratory's performance lately? Do you measure and assess financial results, customer satisfaction, internal process efficiency, and learning and growth? If any of these metrics are missing from your performance measurement system, you are not using the latest management tool that is sweeping the health-care industry--the balanced scorecard (BSC). This article begins with a discussion of the BSC and why you should use it in your laboratory, followed by SWOT analysis to assess the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) a BSC offers your laboratory. A laboratory case study is then presented to assist you in developing and using a BSC in your laboratory.

  16. Weathering of Carbonate Rocks by Biological Soil Crusts in Karst Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ye Chen; Bin Lian; Zuoying Yin; Yuan Tang

    2014-01-01

    The weathering of carbonate rocks by biological soil crusts (BSC) in karst areas is very common. It is helpful to understand the weathering mechanisms and processes for avoiding karst rock-desertification. The weathering of carbonate rocks by BSC in karst areas, namely the expansion, contraction and curl resulting from environmental wetting-drying cycles, was investigated and ana-lyzed in this paper. The bulk density, area and thickness of BSC were determined and the weathering amount of limestone and dolomite per unit area of BSC was calculated as 3 700 and 3 400 g·m-2; the amount of biomass on the surface of limestone and dolomite was calculated as 1 146 and 1 301 g·m-2, respectively. Such an increased weathering amount was not only the result of chemical and physical weathering of BSC on carbonate rocks, but also the attachment and cementation of BSC to clay parti-cles, dust-fall, sand particles, solid particles brought by strong air currents, wind and other factors in the surrounding environment, which may also be related to the special environment and the special time period. Based on the results obtained, a weathering mode of BSC is studied, and the mechanisms of weathering by BSC are discussed. In conclusion, we suggest that the mechanical force exerted by the expansion and constriction of gelatinous and mucilaginous substances through wetting and drying of BSC play a significant role in the physical weathering process of the carbonate substrates.

  17. Proyecto de inversión para la creación, introducción y comercialización de la marca de ropa casual sport y deportiva del club deportivo barcelona s.c. “ole y b.s.c

    OpenAIRE

    Palacios Bauz, Irene Del Rocio; Herrera Chamba, Karen Yadira; Pfister, Emilio

    2009-01-01

    En la actualidad los mercados mundiales de la industria de la moda textil, están ajustándose a las principales tendencia de la globalización, como es la búsqueda de mejores costos de producción, canales alternativos de distribución y la apertura de nuevos mercados. Por lo que al ser el Ecuador un mercado en potencial crecimiento y apertura internacional, así como que su principal deporte es el fútbol y la mayor hinchada es del equipo de BARCELONA, se crean opciones favorables para la imp...

  18. CMS Observes Single Top-Quark

    CERN Multimedia

    2011-01-01

      One of the many excellent results harvested by CMS from 2010 data. (Figure shows events vs cosine of the angle between lepton and light jets in t rest-frame.)   If you have any comments / suggestions please contact the editors: Marzena Lapka (marzena.lapka@cern.ch) and Achintya Rao (achintya.rao@cern.ch)  

  19. Distance Learning in Micronesia: Participants' Experiences in a Virtual Classroom Using Synchronous Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Kavita

    2007-01-01

    In this article, Kavita Rao describes a distance learning course offered to K-8 teachers in Micronesia that focused on the use of synchronous technologies to address cultural learning preferences for face-to-face and real-time communication. Rao presents a case study of the course that was conducted on the islands of Pohnpei and Ebeye.…

  20. Dicty_cDB: CHL626 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AW871214 |AW871214.1 ra56d01.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne incognita cDNA 5' similar to ... AW829376 |AW829376.1 ra39d01.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne incognita cDNA 5' similar to

  1. Dicty_cDB: CHG178 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 18 2 AW828903 |AW828903.1 ra69e06.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyn...NA sequence. 76 2e-11 2 AW871512 |AW871512.1 ra78g07.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne incogn

  2. Dicty_cDB: CHO517 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lone RP11-560G8 on chromosome 9. 48 0.18 1 AW829533 |AW829533.1 ra41c11.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2...1 2 AW830038 |AW830038.1 ra48h04.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne

  3. Dicty_cDB: VHF141 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available nce from clone RP11-560G8 on chromosome 9. 48 0.23 3 AW829533 |AW829533.1 ra41c11.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne in...ce. 32 0.74 2 AW830038 |AW830038.1 ra48h04.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 M

  4. Crack Propagation in Compressor Rotor Blade

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    by local Public Affairs Office) 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT Turbomachine blading crack propagation and initiations are one of...the most important problems. Design, operation and modernization of the contemporary turbomachines are impossible without a detailed numerical and...Rao, J. S., Turbine Blade Life Estimation, Narosa Publishing House, (2000). Rao, J. S., Narayan, R. and Ranjith, M. C., Lifing of Turbomachine

  5. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U06283-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Gossypium arboreum 7-10 dpa fiber ... 46 2.3 1 ( AW828708 ) ra73a06.y1 Bird-Rao M...eloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 46 2.3 1 ( AW588731 ) ra03h10.y2 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 4...6 2.3 1 ( AW571369 ) ra19f03.y2 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 46 2.3 1 ( AW571332 ) ra19a06.y2 Bird...-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 46 2.3 1 ( AW571277 ) ra16d05.y2 Bird-Ra...o Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 46 2.3 1 ( AW571037 ) ra15d12.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo..

  6. Motives, Diffusion and Utilization of the Balanced Scorecard in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Sørensen, René

    2003-01-01

    The Balanced ScoreCard (BSC) has achieved great attention in Denmark by now but no large surveys exist concerning motives for implementing BSC in Denmark. A questionnaire survey of 53 respondents from Danish medium-sized and larger manufacturing companies showed that areas such as "working...

  7. Implementation and Performance Evaluation Using the Fuzzy Network Balanced Scorecard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tseng, Ming-Lang

    2010-01-01

    The balanced scorecard (BSC) is a multi-criteria evaluation concept that highlights the importance of performance measurement. However, although there is an abundance of literature on the BSC framework, there is a scarcity of literature regarding how the framework with dependence and interactive relationships should be properly implemented in…

  8. Applying the Balanced Scorecard to Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karathanos, Demetrius; Karathanos, Patricia

    2005-01-01

    Although the application of the balanced scorecard (BSC) in the business sector is well documented, very little research has been reported regarding the adaptation or application of the BSC in the education sector. In this article, the authors (a) describe how the Baldrige Education Criteria for Performance Excellence has adapted the concept of…

  9. Introducing the Balanced Scorecard: Creating Metrics to Measure Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumbus, Andra

    2005-01-01

    This experiential exercise presents the concept of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) and applies it in a university setting. The Balanced Scorecard was developed 12 years ago and has grown in popularity and is used by more than 50% of the Fortune 500 companies as a performance measurement and strategic management tool. The BSC expands the traditional…

  10. Teaching the Balanced Scorecard through Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capelo, Carlos; Lopes, Ana Isabel; Mata, Ana

    2012-01-01

    Kaplan and Norton introduced the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) which is based on a systems perspective of the business strategy and performance measurement. Many organizations around the world are using the BSC to define, implement and manage strategy. Nevertheless there exist studies that identify problems and limitations associated with the…

  11. Identifying Balance in a Balanced Scorecard System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aravamudhan, Suhanya; Kamalanabhan, T. J.

    2007-01-01

    In recent years, strategic management concepts seem to be gaining greater attention from the academicians and the practitioner's alike. Balanced Scorecard (BSC) concept is one such management concepts that has spread in worldwide business and consulting communities. The BSC translates mission and vision statements into a comprehensive set of…

  12. A Simulation-Based Approach for Teaching the Systems Perspective of Strategic Performance Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capelo, Carlos; Lopes, Ana; Mata, Ana

    2015-01-01

    Kaplan and Norton introduced the balanced scorecard (BSC), which is based on a systems perspective of the business strategy and performance measurement. Many organisations around the world use the BSC to define, implement and manage strategy. Nevertheless, there are studies that identify problems and limitations associated with the implementation…

  13. Balanced Scorecards in Managing Higher Education Institutions: An Indian Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umashankar, Venkatesh; Dutta, Kirti

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The paper aims to look at the balanced scorecard (BSC) concept and discuss in what way it should be applied to higher education programs/institutions in the Indian context. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on extant literature on the balanced scorecard concept per se, as well as applications of BSC in higher education as…

  14. Ratify, Reject or Revise: Balanced Scorecard and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayed, Naqi

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the use of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) in universities. Initially directed toward profit-oriented businesses, the BSC has since been adopted by many non-profit organisations with seemingly diverse objectives. A number of primarily publicly-funded universities and institutions, which are part of…

  15. Effektmåling på handlingsplaner og Balanced Scorecards i Kvægproduktion 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Michael Fussing; Lund, Mogens

    gennemførelsen af instruktionerne i handlingsplanerne kun begrænset betydning for målopfyldelsen.   Den gennemførte evaluering indikerer endvidere, at landbrugsbedrifterne har opnået en tilfredsstillende målopfyldelse gennem anvendelsen af Balanced Scorecards (BSC). Det største problem i anvendelsen af BSC ser...

  16. Strategic Balanced Scorecard Simulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Nielsen, Erland Hejn

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to show how a System Dynamics Modelling approach can be integrated into the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) for a case company with special focus on the handling of causality in a dynamic perspective. The case company’s BSC model includes five perspectives and a number...

  17. Entrance Qualifications Affect the Performance of Nutrition Students at University: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owusu-Apenten, Richard; Xu, Wen Li

    2012-01-01

    This study assessed the effect of admissions qualifications on the subsequent academic performances of BSc nutrition students at a UK university. Entrance qualifications for three groups (Grp01, Grp02, Grp03) reading for a BSc(Hons) degree in, Dietetics, Food & Nutrition or Human Nutrition (n = 105) were determined from their UCAS (Universities…

  18. Recruitment and Retention with a Spin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindgren, Rita; Hixson, Carla Braun

    2010-01-01

    Strategic planning and innovation at Bismarck State College (BSC) found common ground in the college's goal to recruit and retain employees in an environment of low unemployment and strong competition for skilled employees. BSC's strategic plan for 2007-09 included the objective "to increase retention of employees." One of the strategies…

  19. Balanced scorecard: an efficient management instrument also for small and medium-sized municipal utility companies; Balanced scorecard: ein effizientes Management-Instrument auch fuer kleine und mittlere Stadtwerke

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linnemann, T.; Wamkum, W. [Stadtwerke Soltau GmbH, Soltau (Germany)

    2001-03-01

    The Balanced-Scorecard (BSC), which was developed at the beginning of the nineties, represents an effective system of specific-numbers and measures for strategy-structure and strategy-support. Big companies and combines have been using the BSC for some time. For energy-supply-companies of a small or middle size it is a novelty. The following article shows the first experience of such a company with the BSC by the example of the Stadtwerke Soltau GmbH. Besides the effect for the whole company there is a special view on the technical department. As a peculiarity the usefulness of the BSC for the integration of executives i.e. head of the technical department is shown. (orig.) [German] Die Balanced Scorecard (BSC), ein Anfang der neunziger Jahre entwickeltes Management-Instrument, stellt ein sehr wirksames Kennzahlen- und Massnahmensystem zur Strategiestrukturierung und -unterstuetzung dar. Waehrend grosse Konzerne die BSC bereits seit laengerem nutzen, stellt sie fuer kleine und mittlere Stadtwerke weitestgehend ein Novum dar. Der folgende Artikel soll kurz die ersten Erfahrungen eines solchen Unternehmens mit der BSC anhand der Stadtwerke Soltau GmbH wiedergeben. Dabei wird neben dem Gesamtunternehmen speziell auf die Abteilung Technik eingegangen. Insbesondere wird an dieser Stelle auch der Nutzen der BSC bei der Integration neuer Fuehrungskraefte, z.B. Abteilungsleiter, dargestellt. (orig.)

  20. 78 FR 24762 - National Toxicology Program Board of Scientific Counselors; Announcement of Meeting; Request for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-26

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Toxicology Program Board of Scientific Counselors... Toxicology Program (NTP) Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC). The NTP BSC, a federally chartered, external... quality. Its members are selected from recognized authorities knowledgeable in fields such as...

  1. Wastewater Characterization Survey, General Mitchell International Airport, Air Force Reserve Facility, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-01

    W., Jr., Industrial Water Pollution Control, Second Edition, New York, McGraw-Hill, 1989. 4. Manahan , Stanley E., Environmental Chemistry , Fifth...FORCE RESERVE FACILITY, MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN M S T Darrin L Curtis, Captain, USAF, BSC R OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH DIRECTORATE 0...USAF, BSC Environmental Engineer Consultant Chief, Bioenvironmental Engineering Division .LAIMER NOTICE THIS DOCUMENT IS BEST QUALITY AVAILABLE. THE

  2. News from the Biological Stain Commission No. 14

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyon, Hans O

    2013-01-01

    In the 14(th) issue of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC) the BSC's International Affairs Committee presents information from the meetings of ISO/TC 212/WG 3, In vitro diagnostic products, and from the final plenary meeting of ISO/TC 212, Clinical laboratory testing and in vitro diag...

  3. Understanding the context of balanced scorecard implementation: a hospital-based case study in pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajmal Agha

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background As a response to a changing operating environment, healthcare administrators are implementing modern management tools in their organizations. The balanced scorecard (BSC is considered a viable tool in high-income countries to improve hospital performance. The BSC has not been applied to hospital settings in low-income countries nor has the context for implementation been examined. This study explored contextual perspectives in relation to BSC implementation in a Pakistani hospital. Methods Four clinical units of this hospital were involved in the BSC implementation based on their willingness to participate. Implementation included sensitization of units towards the BSC, developing specialty specific BSCs and reporting of performance based on the BSC during administrative meetings. Pettigrew and Whipp's context (why, process (how and content (what framework of strategic change was used to guide data collection and analysis. Data collection methods included quantitative tools (a validated culture assessment questionnaire and qualitative approaches including key informant interviews and participant observation. Results Method triangulation provided common and contrasting results between the four units. A participatory culture, supportive leadership, financial and non-financial incentives, the presentation of clear direction by integrating support for the BSC in policies, resources, and routine activities emerged as desirable attributes for BSC implementation. The two units that lagged behind were more involved in direct inpatient care and carried a considerable clinical workload. Role clarification and consensus about the purpose and benefits of the BSC were noted as key strategies for overcoming implementation challenges in two clinical units that were relatively ahead in BSC implementation. It was noted that, rather than seeking to replace existing information systems, initiatives such as the BSC could be readily adopted if

  4. Behavioral, Neural, and Computational Principles of Bodily Self-Consciousness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanke, Olaf; Slater, Mel; Serino, Andrea

    2015-10-07

    Recent work in human cognitive neuroscience has linked self-consciousness to the processing of multisensory bodily signals (bodily self-consciousness [BSC]) in fronto-parietal cortex and more posterior temporo-parietal regions. We highlight the behavioral, neurophysiological, neuroimaging, and computational laws that subtend BSC in humans and non-human primates. We propose that BSC includes body-centered perception (hand, face, and trunk), based on the integration of proprioceptive, vestibular, and visual bodily inputs, and involves spatio-temporal mechanisms integrating multisensory bodily stimuli within peripersonal space (PPS). We develop four major constraints of BSC (proprioception, body-related visual information, PPS, and embodiment) and argue that the fronto-parietal and temporo-parietal processing of trunk-centered multisensory signals in PPS is of particular relevance for theoretical models and simulations of BSC and eventually of self-consciousness.

  5. Bloch bound states in the radiation continuum in a periodic array of dielectric rods

    CERN Document Server

    Bulgakov, Evgeny N

    2014-01-01

    We consider an infinite periodic array of dielectric rods in vacuum with the aim to demonstrate three types of a Bloch bound states in the continuum (BSC), symmetry protected with a zero Bloch vector, embedded into one diffraction channel with nonzero Bloch vector, and embedded into two and three diffraction channels. The first and second types of the BSC exist in a wide range of material parameters of the rods, while the third occurs only at a specific value of the radius of the rods. We show that the second type supports the power flux along the array. In order to find BSC we put forward an approach based on the expansion over the Hankel functions. We show how the BSC reveals itself in the scattering function when the singular BSC point is approached along a specific path in the parametric space.

  6. Balanced Scorecards As a Tool for Developing Patient-Centered Pharmacy Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enwere, Emmanuel N.; Keating, Ellen A.; Weber, Robert J.

    2014-01-01

    Having accurate data is essential for the pharmacy director to manage the department and develop patient-centered pharmacy services. A balanced scorecard (BSC) of essential department data, which is a broad view of a department’s function beyond its financial performance, is an important part of any department’s strategic plan. This column describes how the pharmacy director builds and promotes a department’s BSC. Specifically, this article reviews how the BSC supports the department’s mission and vision, describes the metrics of the BSC and how they are collected, and recommends how the pharmacy director can effectively use the scorecard results in promoting the pharmacy. If designed properly and updated consistently, a BSC can present a broad view of the pharmacy’s performance, serve as a guide for strategic decision making, and improve on the quality of its services. PMID:24958976

  7. Basosquamous carcinoma: appearance and reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anand, Rakesh L.; Collins, Damian; Chapman, Anna

    2017-01-01

    Basosquamous carcinoma (BsC) is a controversial entity and both a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. BsC has mixed histopathological characteristics of both basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). BCC and SCC display characteristic histopathology and behaviour; on the other hand, BsC is a rare tumour, which has variable morphology and displays less predictable behaviour. An early diagnosis of BsC is important due to the particularly aggressive nature of the tumour, the increased likelihood of recurrence and the potential for metastasis. Here, we present a case of BsC presenting as an extensive ulcer on the back. The case highlights the aggressive nature of the tumour and variation in appearance. It is important for all clinicians to be aware of this diagnosis so that the urgency of adequate biopsy in specialist clinics is not underestimated. PMID:28058108

  8. Success factors for implementation of the balanced scorecard in a NHS multi-agency setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radnor, Zoe; Lovell, Bill

    2003-01-01

    Even though the balanced scorecard (BSC) has become a highly popular performance management tool, usage in local public sector National Health Service (NHS) organisations is still rare. This paper conditionally outlines some grounds in supporting such usage. In particular underlying conceptual concerns with the BSC system and its implementation pitfalls require full consideration. This paper then outlines some factors to be taken into account for "successful" BSC implementation in a NHS multi-agency setting. These findings emerged from a series of focus groups that took place with contributors drawn from all the key organisations within the Bradford Health Action Zone. Finally, this paper argues that if key criteria are met, successful implementation of the BSC may then proceed. However, "blind" BSC implementation without consideration of these factors may result in potential "failure".

  9. Balanced scorecards as a tool for developing patient-centered pharmacy services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enwere, Emmanuel N; Keating, Ellen A; Weber, Robert J

    2014-06-01

    Having accurate data is essential for the pharmacy director to manage the department and develop patient-centered pharmacy services. A balanced scorecard (BSC) of essential department data, which is a broad view of a department's function beyond its financial performance, is an important part of any department's strategic plan. This column describes how the pharmacy director builds and promotes a department's BSC. Specifically, this article reviews how the BSC supports the department's mission and vision, describes the metrics of the BSC and how they are collected, and recommends how the pharmacy director can effectively use the scorecard results in promoting the pharmacy. If designed properly and updated consistently, a BSC can present a broad view of the pharmacy's performance, serve as a guide for strategic decision making, and improve on the quality of its services.

  10. Strategic planning and performance measurement using balanced scorecard: A case study of Iran Kaolin and Barite company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Danaei

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to measure the performance of a mining firm in province of Semnan, Iran based on balanced scorecard (BSC. The proposed study investigates the present status of the case study in terms of four BSC perspectives including internal process, learning and growth, customer and financial figures. The firm uses BSC for one year and after that, we compared the performance of the firm prior and after BSC implementation. The preliminary results indicate that the firm was able to make a 30% improvement on its performance after one-year implementation of BSC. In other words, the firm was able to make 59% improvement on learning and growth, 33% growth on internal process, 32% growth on customer and 21% improvement on financial figures.

  11. [Application of the balanced scorecard in nursing practice].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Tsai-Yu; Chwo, Miao-Ju

    2004-02-01

    Kaplan and Norton's balanced scorecard (BSC) was developed in 1992. It was designed to be both a performance framework and a management methodology. The BSC enables an organization to convert its mission and vision into specific strategic objectives across four perspectives: (1) the financial perspective, (2) the customer perspective, (3) the internal business process perspective, and (4) the learning and growth perspective. Emphasis is focused on the balance of internal and external, outcome and future, and subjective and objective measures. Currently, some health care organizations have implemented the concept of the BSC as a performance measurement tool and are convinced that the BSC can be of great value to an organization. This paper provides development of the BSC and its application in the health care system and nursing practice.

  12. Hotel Section Management by Using Balanced Scorecard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Lysy

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents some problems in using Balanced Scorecard (BSC in a hotel section. Fundamental element, which marks out BSC conception, is consolidation around vision and strategy appointed by the hotel management. Well compiled strategy should join all the targets and indexes, which compose four perspectives in BSC. Hotel section is the main gaining centre in the hotel, because the service quality is the main target of management strategy. BSC is a tool, which should not only measure effectiveness, but also implement changes, as soon as possible, so that the effects and expected results will be quick achieved. Most of the companies, which have used this conception, have treated it as a basic management system that joins strategy and operational activity. Therefore it is necessary to improve, modernize and create new sub perspectives in compiled BSC.

  13. A Network-Based Data Envelope Analysis Model in a Dynamic Balanced Score Card

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojtaba Akbarian

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Performance assessment during the time and along with strategies is the most important requirements of top managers. To assess the performance, a balanced score card (BSC along with strategic goals and a data envelopment analysis (DEA are used as powerful qualitative and quantitative tools, respectively. By integrating these two models, their strengths are used and their weaknesses are removed. In this paper, an integrated framework of the BSC and DEA models is proposed for measuring the efficiency during the time and along with strategies based on the time delay of the lag key performance indicators (KPIs of the BSC model. The causal relationships during the time among perspectives of the BSC model are drawn as dynamic BSC at first. Then, after identifying the network-DEA structure, a new objective function for measuring the efficiency of nine subsidiary refineries of the National Iranian Oil Refining and Distribution Company (NIORDC during the time and along with strategies is developed.

  14. Evaluation of the different spectral indices to map biocrust using spectral information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Alonso

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Biological soil crusts (BSC are complex communities formed by a close association of soil particles and cyanobacteria, algae, microfungi, lichens or bryophytes that live within or immediately on top of the uppermost millimeters of the soil surface. These communities cover non vegetated areas in most of the arid and semiarid ecosystems, and modify numerous soil surface properties and ecosystem processes. Given the importance of BSC in ecosystem functioning, accurate and spatially explicit information on the distribution of BSC is mandatory. With this objective, considerable effort has been devoted to identify and map BSC using remote sensing data, and some spectral indices have been developed. These indexes use the spectral differences among BSC and other surface components like vegetation or bare soil to identify the areas dominated by BSC. Our main objective is to test the feasibility of the previous indices published in the literature for mapping different types of BSC in a complex study area, where these index have not been developed, at different spatial scales. Our results showed the low capability of indexes based on multiespectral images to identify areas covered by BSCat field and image spatial scales. Hyperspetral indices, on the other hand, showed better results than those obtained with multispectral indices, with an accuracy around 71% because they analyzed specific absorption features related with photosynthetic pigments like chlorophyll and carotenoids. We can conclude that the spatial heterogeneity of the area and the spectral similarities among BSC, green and dry vegetation or bare soil makes it difficult to correctly distinguish BSC in arid and semiarid ecosystems using only multispectral information, whereas hyperspectral images offer an important tool to map different types of BSC and to discriminate among these and other surface components.

  15. The CO2 exchange of biological soil crusts in a semiarid grass-shrubland at the northern transition zone of the Negev desert, Israel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. O. Andreae

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Biological soil crusts (BSC contribute significantly to the soil surface cover in many dryland ecosystems. A mixed type of BSC, which consists of cyanobacteria, mosses and cyanolichens, constitutes more than 60% of ground cover in the semiarid grass-shrub steppe at Sayeret Shaked in the northern Negev Desert, Israel. This study aimed at parameterizing the carbon sink capacity of well-developed BSC in undisturbed steppe systems. Mobile enclosures on permanent soil borne collars were used to investigate BSC-related CO2 fluxes in situ and with natural moisture supply during 10 two-day field campaigns within seven months from fall 2001 to summer 2002. Highest BSC-related CO2 deposition between −11.31 and −17.56 mmol m−2 per 15 h was found with BSC activated from rain and dew during the peak of the winter rain season. Net CO2 deposition by BSC was calculated to compensate 120%, −26%, and less than 3% of the concurrent soil CO2 efflux from November–January, February–May and November–May, respectively. Thus, BSC effectively compensated soil CO2 effluxes when CO2 uptake by vascular vegetation was probably at its low point. Nighttime respiratory emission reduced daily BSC-related CO2 deposition within the period November–January by 11–123% and on average by 27%. The analysis of CO2 fluxes and water inputs from the various sources showed that the bulk of BSC-related CO2 deposition occurs during periods with frequent rain events and subsequent condensation from water accumulated in the upper soil layers. Significant BSC activity on days without detectable atmospheric water supply emphasized the importance of high soil moisture contents as additional water source for soil-dwelling BSC, whereas activity upon dew formation at low soil water contents was not of major importance for BSC-related CO2 deposition. However, dew may still be important in attaining a pre-activated status during the transition from a long "summer" anabiosis towards

  16. The CO2 exchange of biological soil crusts in a semiarid grass-shrubland at the northern transition zone of the Negev desert, Israel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. O. Andreae

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Biological soil crusts (BSC contribute significantly to the soil surface cover in many dryland ecosystems. A mixed type of BSC, which consists of cyanobacteria, mosses and cyanolichens, constitutes more than 60% of ground cover in the semiarid grass-shrub steppe at Sayeret Shaked in the northern Negev Desert, Israel. This study aimed at parameterizing the carbon sink capacity of well-developed BSC in undisturbed steppe systems. Mobile enclosures on permanent soil borne collars were used to investigate BSC-related CO2 fluxes in situ and with natural moisture supply during 10 two-day field campaigns within seven months from fall 2001 to summer 2002. Highest BSC-related CO2 deposition between –11.31 and –17.56 mmol m−2 per 15 h was found with BSC activated from rain and dew during the peak of the winter rain season. Net CO2 deposition by BSC was calculated to compensate 120%, –26%, and less than 3% of the concurrent soil CO2 efflux from November–January, February–May and November–May, respectively. Thus, BSC effectively compensated soil CO2 effluxes when CO2 uptake by vascular vegetation was probably at its low point. Nighttime respiratory emission reduced daily BSC-related CO2 deposition within the period November–January by 11–123% and on average by 27%. The analysis of CO2 fluxes and water inputs from the various sources showed that the bulk of BSC-related CO2 deposition occurs during periods with frequent rain events and subsequent condensation from water accumulated in the upper soil layers. Significant BSC activity on days without detectable atmospheric water supply emphasized the importance of high soil moisture contents as additional water source for soil-dwelling BSC, whereas activity upon dew formation at low soil water contents was not of major importance for BSC-related CO2 deposition. However, dew may still be important in attaining a pre-activated status during the transition from a long "summer" anabiosis towards

  17. Investigation of Response Amplitude Operators for Floating Offshore Wind Turbines: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramachandran, G. K. V.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J. M.; Masciola, M. D.

    2013-07-01

    This paper examines the consistency between response amplitude operators (RAOs) computed from WAMIT, a linear frequency-domain tool, to RAOs derived from time-domain computations based on white-noise wave excitation using FAST, a nonlinear aero-hydro-servo-elastic tool. The RAO comparison is first made for a rigid floating wind turbine without wind excitation. The investigation is further extended to examine how these RAOs change for a flexible and operational wind turbine. The RAOs are computed for below-rated, rated, and above-rated wind conditions. The method is applied to a floating wind system composed of the OC3-Hywind spar buoy and NREL 5-MW wind turbine. The responses are compared between FAST and WAMIT to verify the FAST model and to understand the influence of structural flexibility, aerodynamic damping, control actions, and waves on the system responses. The results show that based on the RAO computation procedure implemented, the WAMIT- and FAST-computed RAOs are similar (as expected) for a rigid turbine subjected to waves only. However, WAMIT is unable to model the excitation from a flexible turbine. Further, the presence of aerodynamic damping decreased the platform surge and pitch responses, as computed by both WAMIT and FAST when wind was included. Additionally, the influence of gyroscopic excitation increased the yaw response, which was captured by both WAMIT and FAST.

  18. Human retina-specific amine oxidase: genomic structure of the gene (AOC2), alternatively spliced variant, and mRNA expression in retina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imamura, Y; Noda, S; Mashima, Y; Kudoh, J; Oguchi, Y; Shimizu, N

    1998-07-15

    Previously, we reported the isolation of cDNA for human retina-specific amine oxidase (RAO) and the expression of RAO exclusively in retina. Bacterial artificial chromosome clones containing the human RAO gene (AOC2) were mapped to human chromosome 17q21 (Imamura et al., 1997, Genomics 40: 277-283). Here, we report the complete genomic structure of the RAO gene, including 5' flanking sequence, and mRNA expression in retina. The human RAO gene spans 6 kb and is composed of four exons corresponding to the amino acid sequence 1-530, 530-598, 598-641, and 642-729 separated by three introns of 3000, 310, and 351 bp. Screening of a human retina cDNA library revealed the existence of an alternatively spliced cDNA variant with an additional 81 bp at the end of exon 2. The sizes of exons and the locations of exon/intron boundaries in the human RAO gene showed remarkable similarity to those of the human kidney diamine oxidase gene (AOC1). In situ hybridization revealed that mRNA coding for RAO is expressed preferentially in the ganglion cell layer of the mouse retina. We designed four sets of PCR primers to amplify four exons, which will be valuable for analyzing mutations in patients with ocular diseases affecting the retinal ganglion cell layer.

  19. Incidence and outcome of radial artery occlusion following transradial artery coronary angioplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stella, P R; Kiemeneij, F; Laarman, G J; Odekerken, D; Slagboom, T; van der Wieken, R

    1997-02-01

    Coronary angioplasty with 6F guiding catheters via the radial artery is associated with a minimal risk for major entry site-related complications. Although the incidence of radial artery occlusion (RAO) in the literature is approximately 30% after prolonged cannulations, little is known about the incidence and its clinical consequences of RAO following transradial percutaneous coronary angioplasty. In a prospective study, 563 patients with a normal Allen test were evaluated on patency and function of the radial artery after transradial angioplasty, by physical and ultrasound examination at discharge, and at 1 month follow-up. At discharge, 30 patients (5.3%) had clinical evidence of RAO. At follow-up, persistent RAO was found in 16 patients (2.8%). In this study we found a low incidence of RAO after transradial percutaneous coronary angioplasty. None of the patients with temporary or persistent RAO had any major clinical symptoms. Therefore, the occurrence of RAO can be considered a minor complication in patients with a previously good double blood supply to the hand.

  20. Chlamydophila spp. infection in horses with recurrent airway obstruction: similarities to human chronic obstructive disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hotzel Helmut

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO in horses is a naturally occurring dust-induced disease mainly characterized by bronchiolitis which shows histological and pathophysiological similarities to human chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. In human COPD previous investigations indicated an association with Chlamydophila psittaci infection. The present study was designed (1 to clarify a possible role of this infectious agent in RAO and (2 to investigate the suitability of this equine disorder as a model for human COPD. Methods Clinico-pathological parameters of a total of 45 horses (25 horses with clinical signs of RAO and 20 clinically healthy controls were compared to histological findings in lung tissue samples and infection by Chlamydiaceae using light microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and PCR. Results Horses with clinical signs of RAO vs. controls revealed more inflammatory changes in histology (p = 0.01, and a higher detection rate of Chlamydia psittaci antigens in all cells (p OmpA sequencing identified Chlamydophila psittaci (n = 9 and Chlamydophila abortus (n = 13 in both groups with no significant differences. Within the group of clinically healthy horses subgroups with no changes (n = 15 and slight inflammation of the small airways (n = 5 were identified. Also in the group of animals with RAO subgroups with slight (n = 16 and severe (n = 9 bronchiolitis could be formed. These four subgroups can be separated in parts by the number of cells positive for Chlamydia psittaci antigens. Conclusion Chlamydophila psittaci or abortus were present in the lung of both clinically healthy horses and those with RAO. Immunohistochemistry revealed acute chlamydial infections with inflammation in RAO horses, whereas in clinically healthy animals mostly persistent chlamydial infection and no inflammatory reactions were seen. Stable dust as the known fundamental abiotic factor in RAO is comparable to smoking in human disease. These

  1. Bisacylimidoselenocarbamates cause G2/M arrest associated with the modulation of CDK1 and Chk2 in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamberto, Iranzu; Plano, Daniel; Moreno, Esther; Font, María; Palop, Juan Antonio; Sanmartín, Carmen; Encío, Ignacio

    2013-01-01

    Bisacylimidoselenocarbamate derivatives (BSC) are potent anticancer agents with a strong cytotoxic activity against different types of tumour cells. Based in phosphatidylserine exposure on the cell membranes we show that BSC treatment resulted in enhanced cell death in leukaemia CCRF-CEM cells. DNA fragmentation detection in breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells showed that BSC triggered cell death is concentration and time dependent. We also show that two of these compounds, BSC 3g and 3n, cause cell-cycle arrest in the late G2/M in MCF-7 cells. Consistent with this, a reduction in CDK1 and CDK2 expression with no change in cyclin A an B1 was observed in this cell line. Activation of caspase-2 was also detected. However, the involvement of the caspase-dependent pathway in the process of cell death induced by either BSC 3g or 3n is discarded since cell death could not be prevented by pretreatment with the pancaspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk. Moreover, since reduced levels of p21(CIP1) and Chk2 proteins but no change in p53 levels could be detected in MCF-7 cells after BSC 3g or 3n treatment our results suggest that BSC treated cells die from lethal mitosis.

  2. Germination, survival and growth of three vascular plants on biological soil crusts from a Mexican tropical desert.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godínez-Alvarez, H; Morín, C; Rivera-Aguilar, V

    2012-01-01

    Information about the effects of biological soil crusts (BSC) on germination, seedling survival and growth of vascular plants is controversial because they can have positive, neutral or negative effects. This controversy may be because most studies conducted until now have just analysed one or two recruitment stages independently. To understand the BSC effects on vascular plants, it is necessary to consider each stage of the recruitment process and synthesise all this information. The goal of this study was twofold. First, we analyse germination, seedling survival and growth of three vascular plants (Agave marmorata, Prosopis laevigata and Neobuxbaumia tetetzo) on BSC (cyanobacteria and mixed crust) from a tropical desert region of south-central México. Second, we synthesise the information to determine the total effect of BSC on plant species performance. We conducted experiments under controlled conditions to evaluate the proportion of germinated seeds, proportion of surviving seedlings and seedling dry weight in BSC and bare soil. Results showed that BSC have different effects on germination, seedling survival and growth of plant species. Plant species performance was qualitatively higher on BSC than bare soil. The highest performance of A. marmorata and P. laevigata was observed on cyanobacteria and mixed crusts, respectively. The highest performance of N. tetetzo was on both crust types.

  3. Validation of cross-contamination control in biological safety cabinet for biotech/pharmaceutical manufacturing process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Shih-Cheng; Shiue, Angus; Tu, Jin-Xin; Liu, Han-Yang; Chiu, Rong-Ben

    2015-12-01

    For class II, type A2 biological safety cabinets (BSC), NSF/ANSI Standard 49 should be conformed in cabinet airflow velocity derivation, particle contamination, and aerodynamic flow properties. However, there exists a potential problem. It has been built that the cabinet air flow stabilize is influenced by the quantity of downflow of air and the height above the cabinet exhaust opening. Three air downflow quantities were compared as an operating apparatus was placed from 20 to 40 cm above the bench of the cabinet. The results show that the BSC air downflow velocity is a function of increased sampling height, displaying that containment is improvingly permitted over product protection as the sampling height decreases. This study investigated the concentration gradient of particles at various heights and downflow air quantity from the bench of the BSC. Experiment results indicate that performance near the bench was better than in the rest of the BSC. In terms of height, the best cleanliness was measured at a height of 10 cm over the bench; it reduced actually with add in height. The empirical curves accommodate, founded on the concentration gradient of particle created was elaborated for evaluating the particle concentration at different heights and downflow air quantity from the source of the bench of the BSC. The particle image velocimetry system applied for BSC airflow research to fix amount of airflow patterns and air distribution measurement and results of measurements show how obstructions can greatly influence the airflow and contaminant transportation in a BSC.

  4. Dicty_cDB: SHG483 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 2J21 from chromosome 6, complete sequence. 38 1.2 2 AW871630 |AW871630.1 ra80c01.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne inc...OTIDE PHOSPHODIESTERASE ;, mRNA sequence. 44 3.5 1 AW871214 |AW871214.1 ra56d01.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne inco...RNA sequence. 44 3.5 1 AW829376 |AW829376.1 ra39d01.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incog

  5. Taxonomy and distribution of benthic foraminifera from the sediments of Palk Strait, Tamil Nadu, east coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gandhi, S.; Rajamanickam, G.V.; Nigam, R.

    : Length - 0.25 mm Breadth - 0.12 mm Remarks: This species is similar to those from Suddagudda estuary Rao and Rao (1974). Rare species (1.37%) occurring only at Kodiyakkarai station. Repository of Type Material: IES, TU, Cat. No. MSG.l. Superfamily...-b. - Mayankar, 1994, p.58, pl.l, figs.l2a-b. - Rao, 1998, p.72, pl.9, fig.5. Hypotype: Length - 0.29 mm Breadth - 0.15 mm. Remarks: Out of total fauna it is 0.51 %, and 0.92 % respectively in Mandapam and Devipattinam. Repository of Type Material: IES, TU, Cat...

  6. Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and clinically reversible cor pulmonale in a horse with complicated recurrent airway obstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanka, J; van den Hoven, R; Schwarz, B

    2015-01-01

    Cor pulmonale is considered an uncommon complication in horses with recurrent airway obstruction (RAO). This case report describes the history, clinical and further examination findings, treatment, progression and outcome of a horse diagnosed with cor pulmonale and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation of 2 days duration due to a severe exacerbation of RAO. To our best knowledge, this is the first report of RAO induced pulmonary hypertension in a horse causing atrial fibrillation. However, even severe cardiac changes due to respiratory dysfunction seem to be largely reversible in horses.

  7. The role of a blue ocean strategy on performance evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojtaba Tabari

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper develops a balanced scorecard (BSC in order to prepare a comprehensive tool for performance evaluation. In this way, an experimental test is conducted in the Resorts of Ramsar Green City located in the north of Iran, in which the factors of a blue ocean strategy influence on the dimensions of the BSC. The sample number of this study consists of 90 managers and experts of the employees who work for Resorts of Ramsar Green City. The acquired data are analyzed with using the t-test. The obtained results show that the blue ocean strategy changes in the objects and the scales of the BSC.

  8. AHP IN IMPLEMENTATION OF BALANCED SCORECARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Jovanovic

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available BSC as a matrix of balanced indicators gives a review of organization activities within four or more perspectives (fields (finance, users, business processes, learning and development where by necessary conditions for development and continual improvement are created. As BSC is essentially a frame for realization of defined strategy in the organization, its implementation asks for an adequate choice of measures-indicators and therefore this paper is oriented towards importance and methodology of the choice of indicators. This paper particularly emphasizes a possibility of implementation of AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process and ANP (Analytic Network Process as methods of multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM inmplementation of BSC.

  9. News from the Biological Stain Commission

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyon, H O; Kiernan, J A

    2008-01-01

    of the International Standards Organization (ISO/TC 212) and its working groups, WG 1, WG 2 and WG 3. In this issue of News from the BSC, H.O. Lyon provides information from the annual meeting of ISO/TC 212 that took place June 2-4, 2008 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. In addition, under the heading......In the three earlier editions of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC), under the heading of "Regulatory affairs," the BSC's International Affairs Committee reported on the work of Technical Committee 212, Clinical Laboratory Testing and in Vitro Diagnostic Test Systems...

  10. News from the biological stain commission

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiernan, J.A.; Lyon, Hans Oluf

    2008-01-01

    of the International Standards Organization (ISO/TC 212) and its working groups, WG 1, WG 2 and WG 3. In this issue of News from the BSC, H.O. Lyon provides information from the annual meeting of ISO/TC 212 that took place June 2-4, 2008 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. In addition, under the heading......In the three earlier editions of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC), under the heading of "Regulatory affairs," the BSC's International Affairs Committee reported on the work of Technical Committee 212, Clinical Laboratory Testing and in Vitro Diagnostic Test Systems...

  11. Internal Performance Measurement Systems: Problems and Solutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Morten; Mitchell, Falconer; Nørreklit, Hanne

    2010-01-01

    . The analysis uses and extends N rreklit's (2000) critique of the BSC by applying the concepts developed therein to contemporary research on the BSC and to the development of practice in performance measurement. The analysis is of relevance for many companies in the Asia-Pacific area as an increasing numbers......This article pursues two aims: to identify problems and dangers related to the operational use of internal performance measurement systems of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) type and to provide some guidance on how performance measurement systems may be designed to overcome these problems...

  12. BETWEEN BALANCED SCORECARD AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Jovanović

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to analyze parallel implementation of BSC as a strategic management system and quality management system by the principals of ISO 9000 certification. We will analyze advantages and disadvantages of the models. Further more, the research will analyze cumulative advantages of the two systems implementation. The research will present possibilities for BSC implementation in QMS environment, underlining the processes. We will put the accent on improvement of firm's effectiveness by Strategic Management System (BSC and Quality Management System's implementation.

  13. Eesti Energia tahab elektrit toota Pihkvas / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Energia ja Venemaa ettevõte RAO Rossija võivad koos rajada Pihkvasse ühise gaasielektrijaama. Eesti Energia juhatuse liikme Lembit Vali kommentaare. Lisa: Fortum ja Eesti Energia otsivad koostöövõimalusi

  14. An Experiment in Architectural Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dvorak, Robert W.

    1978-01-01

    Discusses the application of the PLATO IV computer-based educational system to a one-semester basic drawing course for freshman architecture, landscape architecture, and interior design students and relates student reactions to the experience. (RAO)

  15. Current Trends in Computer-Based Education in Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farquhar, Barbara B.; Votaw, Robert G.

    1978-01-01

    Important current trends in the use of computer technology to enhance medical education are reported in the areas of simulation and assessment of clinical competence, curriculum integration, financial support, and means of exchanging views and scientific information. (RAO)

  16. The Lost and Found Holy Grail: Some Reflections on Accountability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Judah L.

    1978-01-01

    Professional educators as goal formulators are presented as the responsible agents of accountability. Norm- and criterion-referenced testing are compared and suggestions for accountability and goal development are given. (RAO)

  17. Dehumanize at Your Own Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Driscoll, John P.

    1978-01-01

    With the expansion of the technological revolution, the danger of dehumanization is ever present. Governmental domination of individual and social thought, coupled with economic manipulation, are areas of concern relating to basic educational philosophy. (RAO)

  18. Beach rocks of the central west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Wagle, B.G.

    -an overview. Bulletin Deccan College Research Institute, Pune 44:153-163 Kumar S, Rao GV (1982) Geographical and Quaternary history of the west coast of Ratnagiri District, Maharashtra. First National Seminar Quaternary Environmental Papers. Marh 58 (ed) Hin...

  19. Instructional Design and Curricular Impact of Computer-Based Music Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofstetter, Fred T.

    1978-01-01

    A competency-based, self-paced core music curriculum utilizing the concept of digital music synthesis is described. The system is designed to aid in experimental research into the perception of intervals, melodies, chords, rhythms, and harmonies. (RAO)

  20. CAS Scientist Receives Trieste Science Prize

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ RAO Zihe, director of the CAS Institute of Biophysics and CAS Member, has been awarded the 2006Trieste Science Prize for "his worldclass contributions to structural biology and his studies of viruses responsible for human diseases."

  1. Eesti animafilm osales Annecys

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Animafilmifestivalil Annecys osales neli Eesti filmi : Priit Pärna joonisfilm "Karl ja Marilyn", Rao Heidmetsa nukufilm "Instinkt", David Snowmani joonisfilm "Frank ja Wendy. Hungerburger" ja Meelis Arulepa reklaamfilm "Animated Dreams 2003"

  2. TVOntario From Dostoyevsky to Donald Duck

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dampier, William

    1978-01-01

    Ontario's educational television station, TVO, has developed into one of the most exciting broadcasters in North America. Federally licensed and provincially controlled, the Toronto based system achieves quality programming amidst a maze of 22-channel offerings. (RAO)

  3. Polishing Your Transparencies: Mounting, Masking, Overlays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jobe, Holly; Cannon, Glenn

    This brief guide discusses the mounting of overhead transparencies on frames, the types of mounts, the proper masking for presentation, and the use of overlays. Numerous line drawings provide the reader with a helpful visual reference. (RAO)

  4. The Special Broadcasting Service and Australia's Ethnic Broadcasting Activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sklovsky, G.A.

    1979-01-01

    Broadcasting services for non-English speaking peoples in Australia are reviewed both for radio and television. Broadcasting criteria for ethnic groups, funding levels, and current facilities are discussed. (RAO)

  5. Folginoppeid / Märt-Matis Lill

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lill, Märt-Matis, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Muljeid Viljandi pärimusmuusikafestivalilt. Pikemalt soomlase J. Karjalaise, indiaanlase Lendava Kotka, rootsi löökpillimängija Petter Berndaleni, india interpreetide Shubhendra Rao ja Satyajit Talwalkari kontsertidest

  6. A Guide to Making an Audio Tape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jobe, Holly; Cannon, Glenn

    This brief introduction to the use of audiotape recorders in educational settings provides basic information on operational procedures and recording techniques for voice, music, dubbing, and pulsing. Audiotape editing and splicing are also explained. (RAO)

  7. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U02317-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ) rb18a09.y1 Meloidogyne incognita egg pAMP1 Bird M... 44 8.1 1 ( BM774742 ) ra97b02.y1 Meloidogyne incognita egg pAMP1 Bird... M... 44 8.1 1 ( AW571311 ) ra16g10.y2 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 44 8.1 1 (... AW571255 ) ra16b04.y2 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 44 8.1 1 ( AW570934 ) ra13a02.y1 Bird...-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 44 8.1 1 ( AW570774 ) ra10g11.y1 Bird-Rao Meloido

  8. The Teacher-Student Relationship in Experiential Classes and the Student's Perception of Course Effectiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Lane; Whatley, Arthur

    1980-01-01

    This study, which used as subjects 89 undergraduate students in a personnel management course, indicated that the emotional relationship between teacher and student is related to the student's perception of the effectiveness of experiential learning. (RAO)

  9. Eesti animafilmid võistlevad Stuttgardis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Stuttgardi animafilmide festivali võistlusprogrammis on Eestist Rao Heidmetsa "Instinkt" ja Hardi Volmeri "Barbarid" stuudiolt Nukufilm ja Priit Pärna "Karl ja Marilyn" ning Ülo Pikkovi "Ahviaasta" Eesti Joonisfilmilt

  10. Valik uusi Eesti animafilme jõuab täna ETV ekraanile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    pPIK mare 2010

    2006-01-01

    ETV näitab kuut eesti uut animafilmi : Mati Küti "Une instituut", Rao Heidmetsa "Pärlimees", Pärtel Talli "Teatriporgand", Riho Undi "Vennad Karusüdamed", Priit Tenderi "Sõnum naabritele", Mait Laasi "Generatsioon"

  11. 97,4 filmi päevas ja nii 17 päeva jutti / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Rao Heidmets oli Hiroshima animafestivali valikukomisjonis, kus jäi sõelale ka Ülo Pikkovi "Dialogos". 7.-11. augustini toimuval festivalil on ka Heidmetsa filmiprogramm ("Instinkt", "Kaasasündinud kohustused")

  12. Uutes eesti nukufilmides mängivad näitlejad / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Rao Heidmetsa filmist "Kaasasündinud kohustused" ja Riho Undi nukufilmist "Lili" : Nukufilm 2008. Mõlemad esilinastuvad täna kinos Sõprus. Stuudio Nukufilm tegevusest, tööst 3D-animatsiooni kallal

  13. PEOPLE/POINTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Scientist Misses Out Rao Yi, Dean of the School of Life Sciences of Peking University and also a prestigious neuroscientist, attracted people’sattention because he was not selected as an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).

  14. 平衡计分卡模式在国企组织绩效管理中的创新应用--以铜冠地产组织绩效管理模式创新为例%Innovative Application of BSC Model in the State-owned Enterprise Organization Performance Management:Taking Organization Performance Management Innovation in Tongguan Real Estate Group for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘向东

    2015-01-01

    Organization performance management has been the main means for state-owned enterprises to implement and decompose the annual business goals. However, the traditional organization performance management only focuses on target incentive, that is to focus on the enterprise's annual or short term operation result, which is not conducive to guide the enterprises to pay attention to the long-term development. With the concept of the balanced scorecard mode to innovate organization performance management, the connotation of management is competitive is introduced, and single dimension assessment is changed into multiple-dimension assessment, making the organization performance management become a strategic management tool for the enterprise. Its characteristic is the good balance of the relationship between the economic benefit and enterprise management, realizing the mutual promotion. Through the management innovation, innovation mechanism, the enterprise core competitiveness can be comprehensively improved, to promote the realization of enterprise strategic target.%一直以来,组织绩效管理是国有企业落实和分解年度经营目标的主要手段和方式,然而传统的组织绩效管理只注重目标激励,重点关注企业的年度或短期经营结果,不利于引导企业关注长远发展。以平衡计分卡模式的理念创新组织绩效管理,引入管理就是竞争力的内涵,变单一维度考核为多维度考核,使得组织绩效管理由单一绩效管理工具转变为企业战略管理工具。它的特色就在于很好的把握了经济效益与企业管理的关系,实现了两者相互促进,通过管理创新,创新机制,综合提升企业核心竞争力,促进企业战略目标的实现。

  15. Inhibitory effect of Indian sponge extracts on bacterial strains and larval settlement of the barnacle, Balanus Amphitrite

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    LimnaMol, V.P.; Raveendran, T.V.; Abhilash, K.R.; Parameswaran, P.S.

    , antifungal, antimalarial, antituberculosis and anti rat brain nitric oxide synthase activities (Venkateswarlu et al., 1994; Rao et al., 1998; Orabi et al., 2002; Liu et al., 2004); Oceanapia sp. and Iotrochota sp. are known for cytotoxicity (Venkateswarlu...., Fusetani, N. 2010. Natural products as antifouling compounds: recent progress and future perspectives. Biofouling. 26, 223–234. 22. Rao, V.J., Desaiah, D., Vig, P., Venkateswarlu, Y., 1998. Marine biomolecules inhibit rat brain nitric oxide synthase...

  16. Mean surface fields of heat budget components over the warm pool in the Bay of Bengal during post-monsoon season

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sadhuram, Y.; Rao, D.P.; Rao, B.P.

    BUDGET COMPONENTS OVER THE WARM POOL IN THE BAY OF BENGAL DURING POST- MONSOON SEASON Y. Sadhuram, D. Panakala Rao and B. Prabhakara Rao National Institute of Oceanography, Regional Centre, 176, Lawsons Bay Colony, Visakhapatnam 530 017 ABSTRACT... deals with the mean fields of heat budget components over the warm pool in Bay of Bengal during post- monsoon season. DATA AND METHODOLOGY Surface marine meteorological data collected on board the research vessels, R.V.Gaveshani and ORV Sagar Kanya...

  17. Performance Analysis of a Decoding Algorithm for Algebraic Geometry Codes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Helge Elbrønd; Nielsen, Rasmus Refslund; Høholdt, Tom

    1998-01-01

    We analyse the known decoding algorithms for algebraic geometry codes in the case where the number of errors is greater than or equal to [(dFR-1)/2]+1, where dFR is the Feng-Rao distance......We analyse the known decoding algorithms for algebraic geometry codes in the case where the number of errors is greater than or equal to [(dFR-1)/2]+1, where dFR is the Feng-Rao distance...

  18. Recent results in the decoding of Algebraic geometry codes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høholdt, Tom; Jensen, Helge Elbrønd; Nielsen, Rasmus Refslund

    1998-01-01

    We analyse the known decoding algorithms for algebraic geometry codes in the case where the number of errors is [(dFR-1)/2]+1, where dFR is the Feng-Rao distance......We analyse the known decoding algorithms for algebraic geometry codes in the case where the number of errors is [(dFR-1)/2]+1, where dFR is the Feng-Rao distance...

  19. Impaired Cell Cycle Regulation in a Natural Equine Model of Asthma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicja Pacholewska

    Full Text Available Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO is a common and potentially debilitating lower airway disease in horses, which shares many similarities with human asthma. In susceptible horses RAO exacerbation is caused by environmental allergens and irritants present in hay dust. The objective of this study was the identification of genes and pathways involved in the pathology of RAO by global transcriptome analyses in stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs. We performed RNA-seq on PBMCs derived from 40 RAO affected and 45 control horses belonging to three cohorts of Warmblood horses: two half-sib families and one group of unrelated horses. PBMCs were stimulated with hay dust extract, lipopolysaccharides, a recombinant parasite antigen, or left unstimulated. The total dataset consisted of 561 individual samples. We detected significant differences in the expression profiles between RAO and control horses. Differential expression (DE was most marked upon stimulation with hay dust extract. An important novel finding was a strong upregulation of CXCL13 together with many genes involved in cell cycle regulation in stimulated samples from RAO affected horses, in addition to changes in the expression of several HIF-1 transcription factor target genes. The RAO condition alters systemic changes observed as differential expression profiles of PBMCs. Those changes also depended on the cohort and stimulation of the samples and were dominated by genes involved in immune cell trafficking, development, and cell cycle regulation. Our findings indicate an important role of CXCL13, likely macrophage or Th17 derived, and the cell cycle regulator CDC20 in the immune response in RAO.

  20. Handheld Synthetic Array Final Report, Part B

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    environments. To this end, indoor localization systems rely on other technologies such as UWB, RFID , Bluetooth (IEEE 802.15), ultrasonic badges, and...University of Calgary 2500 University Dr, N.W. Calgary, T2N 1N4 Contract reference number: W7714-115195/A Contract Scientific Authority: Brad...Bound PF Particle Filter PRN Pseudo-Random Noise 5/154 POA Phase of Arrival RB Rao-Blackwellized RBPF Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filter RFID Radio

  1. Dicty_cDB: SLA431 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 0.y1 Meloidogyne incognita egg SL1 TOPO v1 ... 50 0.10 1 ( AW871346 ) ra76b02.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incogn...ita J2 Melo... 50 0.10 1 ( AW830042 ) ra48h09.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 50 0.10 1 ( AW828941 ) ra70a02.y1 Bird

  2. Dicty_cDB: SSD517 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available eba histolytica genomic, DNA sequence. 56 2e-06 2 AW570895 |AW570895.1 ra12e05.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incog...NTEP18TR Entamoeba histolytica Sheared DNA Entamoeba histolytica genomic, DNA sequence. 56 5e-04 1 AW588730 ...|AW588730.1 ra03h09.y2 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne incognita cDNA 5' similar to WP:F55H2.2

  3. Dicty_cDB: AFO449 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available gnments: (bits) Value N BM774584 |BM774584.1 ra95c11.y1 Meloidogyne incognita egg pAMP1 Bird Meloidogyne inc...ssed in fertilized egg. 42 3e-05 3 AW827814 |AW827814.1 ra59b10.y1 Bird-Rao Meloi...sequence. 40 8e-05 3 AW871572 |AW871572.1 ra79e06.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne incognita

  4. The Attenuation of Flexural Waves in Mass Loaded Beams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-01

    would also like to thank Professor Kim Vandiver for the loan of his spectral analyzer. I also want to thank Kodali Rao and Greg Chisholm for their...imaginary part of the fourth root of equation (11). This was done by Mr. Kodali Rao*. He devised a computer program that would generate the magnitude of...EXPERIMENT The author’s principal purpose was to devise an experimental method of testing the analytical model. The beam part of the system was simple enough

  5. System Dynamic Modelling for a Balanced Scorecard: A Case Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Nielsen, Erland Hejn

    of optimum or 'steady-state-condition. We, also demonstrate through three different scenarios how different variables influence the optimum time that normally also influence decision making. Findings - The results shows how profit, and ROCE (Return-On-Capital-Employed) are influenced by three chosen......, the sensitivity of our results with respect to the assumptions should be analysed in subsequent studies. Besides, our model should be extended to cover a whole BSC of an actual company. Practical implications - The model may be used as the first step in putting numbers on an integrated BSC model. The model is our......Purpose - The purpose of this research is to make an analytical model of the BSC foundation by using a dynamic simulation approach for a 'hypothetical case' model, based on only part of an actual case study of BSC. Design/methodology/approach - The model includes five perspectives and a number...

  6. Transcribing the balanced scorecard into system dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Nielsen, Erland Hejn

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to show how a System Dynamics Modelling approach can be integrated into the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) for a case company with special focus on the handling of causality in a dynamic perspective. The BSC model includes five perspectives and a number of financial and non......-financial measures. The overall idea of BSC is to make the strategy operational, as proposed by Kaplan and Norton (2007) and to use the strategy for simulation. Our results indicate that a company may gain great insight from simulation studies. The hypothesised model may be used as the first step in quantifying...... the cause-and-effect relationships of an integrated BSC model. Including dynamic aspects of BSCs into the discussion is only in its infancy, so the aim of our work is also to contribute to both scholars’ and practitioners’ general understanding of how such delayed dynamic effects propagate through system...

  7. A study of a nursing department performance measurement system: using the Balanced Scorecard and the Analytic Hierarchy Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Hsuan-Lien; Wang, Chen-Chin; Dai, Yu-Tzu

    2009-01-01

    The health care industry is under pressure from government and private entities as well as from market conditions to contain costs. In an effort to respond to these pressures, the case hospital in this study implemented a Balanced Scorecard (BSC) in January 2003 and integrated it with the hospital's formal incentive plan for non-physicians in January 2005. The nursing department's performance improved in the 2 years following the introduction of the plan. This study contributes to the literature by demonstrating the performance improvement that results from integrating the BSC with an incentive plan in the nursing field. The results provide insight into the current BSC performance metrics applied by the case nursing department, and could be used as guidelines by other health care organizations that wish to implement BSC-based incentive plans.

  8. BALANCED SCORECARD AS AN ADVANCED MANAGEMENT CONCEPT WITHIN THE INTEGRATED QUALITY MANAGEMENT MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevan Zivojinovic

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The significance of >Integratedquality management< (IQM model, originating form St.Gallen-model, is reflected in the need for synergic application of new and advanced concepts of management theory and practise. Balanced score card (BSC within IQM model becomes a catalyst of business success for a modern organization by focusing on organizational variables-business strategy, organization structure and corporate culture. BSC is the leading system of performance tracking and strategy implementation, consistent with other management concepts and methods for managing process improvement. Through BSC, IQM processes' activities correlate with organization business results. BSC management processes enable integration of all decision-making levels, from institutional via strategic to operative, in the process starting from planing, i.e. formulating and implementation of strategy, to feed back by performance measurement and control.

  9. Balance the Paradox between Limited Health Resources and Growing Demands for Medical Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Tian; Bruce Gurd; Wang Guoxing

    2008-01-01

    Health institutions in the People's Republic of China are under considerable challenge.Innovations in management systems may support the challenge to increase both efficiency and effectiveness.The balanced scorecard (BSC) is one Such innovation.We have used a model to explore the factors that may impact the diffusion of the BSC in Chinese government hospitals.In particular,we concentrate on three factors-the outer context,the nature of the innovation and the communication and influence.The outer context and the nature of the innovation do provide an inducement to implement a BSC.The strength of the communication and influence may affect the level of take-up.However,we recognise that they may choose the BSC not for any apparent technical excellence but for the legitimation that Western man agement practices may bring to local managers.

  10. Modifying the Balanced Scorecard for a Network Industry The Case of the Clearing Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chlistalla, Michael; Schaper, Torsten

    The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is a well-established framework for the management of a company as it integrates financial and non-financial perspectives. Little attention has been given to its theoretical and conceptual valuation. We illustrate how the stakeholder value theory corresponds with the concept of the BSC and show the importance of underlying cause-and-effect relationships between its perspectives. For the case of clearing in Europe which is currently facing profound changes, we present our three-phased approach how to adjust and to extend Kaplan and Norton’s original concept. We modify the generic BSC by adding risk management as a separate perspective and by integrating competition and IT. Based on multiple case studies, we then validate whether the modified BSC is suited to meet the specifics of the clearing industry.

  11. Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile – Quality Management System Guidelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2013-09-01

    This Top Innovation profile describes quality management system tools that were customized for residential construction by BSC, IBACOS, and PHI, for use by builders, trades, and designers to help eliminate mistakes that would require high-cost rework.

  12. Introduction to Building Systems Performance: Houses that Work II. Revised February 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2005-03-01

    The Building Science Consortium (BSC) design recommendations are based on the hygrothermal regions with reference to the annual rainfall. Local climate must be addressed if it differs significantly from the climate described for a particular design.

  13. Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile – Exterior Rigid Insulation Best Practices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2013-09-01

    In this Top Innovation profile, field and lab studies by BSC, PHI, and NorthernSTAR characterize the thermal, air, and vapor resistance properties of rigid foam insulation and describe best practices for their use on walls, roofs, and foundations.

  14. Global Carriers’ Governance and Business Scope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taylor Tae Hwee Lee

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Recent structural changes to the shipping industry triggered severe liquidity risks for not only small and medium-sized shipping lines but also global lines. Despite a severe downturn in the industry, a few lines have shown stable performance their finances. This study thus raises two research questions. Why do a few shipping lines maintain stable financial performance (FP? How much does the governance feature (GVF and the business scope (BSC influence FP? To answer these questions, this research uses regression analysis (RA to verify the relationships among the variables, GVF, BSC, and FP. The result of the RA showed a positive relationship between BSC and FP, but slight relationship between BSC and GVF and between knowledge and FP.

  15. 75 FR 18214 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Office for Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-09

    ... Office for Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response (BSC, COTPER) \\1\\ \\1\\ The Coordinating Office for Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response has been renamed and is now the Office of...

  16. Techniques and evaluation from a cross-platform imaging comparison of quantitative ultrasound parameters in an in vivo rodent fibroadenoma model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirtzfeld, Lauren A; Nam, Kibo; Labyed, Yassin; Ghoshal, Goutam; Haak, Alexander; Sen-Gupta, Ellora; He, Zhi; Hirtz, Nathaniel R; Miller, Rita J; Sarwate, Sandhya; Simpson, Douglas G; Zagzebski, James A; Bigelow, Timothy A; Oelze, Michael; Hall, Timothy J; O'Brien, William D

    2013-07-01

    This contribution demonstrates that quantitative ultrasound (QUS) capabilities are platform independent, using an in vivo model. Frequency-dependent attenuation estimates, backscatter coefficient, and effective scatterer diameter estimates are shown to be comparable across four different ultrasound imaging systems with varied processing techniques. The backscatter coefficient (BSC) is a fundamental material property from which several QUS parameters are estimated; therefore, consistent BSC estimates among different systems must be demonstrated. This study is an intercomparison of BSC estimates acquired by three research groups (UIUC, UW, ISU) from four in vivo spontaneous rat mammary fibroadenomas using three clinical array systems and a single-element laboratory scanner system. Because of their highly variable backscatter properties, fibroadenomas provided an extreme test case for BSC analysis, and the comparison is across systems for each tumor, not across the highly heterogeneous tumors. RF echo data spanning the 1 to 12 MHz frequency range were acquired in three dimensions from all animals using each system. Each research group processed their RF data independently, and the resulting attenuation, BSC, and effective scatterer diameter (ESD) estimates were compared. The attenuation estimates across all systems showed the same trends and consistently fit the power-law dependence on frequency. BSCs varied among the multiple slices of data acquired by each transducer, with variations between transducers being of a similar magnitude as those from slice to slice. Variation between BSC estimates was assessed via functional signal-to-noise ratios derived from backscatter data. These functional signal-to-noise ratios indicated that BSC versus frequency variations between systems ranged from negligible compared with the noise level to roughly twice the noise level. The corresponding functional analysis of variance (fANOVA) indicated statistically significant differences

  17. Fungi in the respiratory tract of horses with recurrent airway obstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.O. Xavier

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to compare the concentration of viable fungi, especially those of the genus Aspergillus in the respiratory tract of stabled horses with and without Recurrent Airway Obstruction (RAO. Thirty two housed horses from four equestrian centers in Brazil were included in the study. These animals were submitted to clinical examination and to a respiratory sample collection. They were categorized into two groups: healthy and RAO-affected horses. Samples obtained by tracheobronchial washes were evaluated for fungal microscopy, quantitative culture and Aspergillus spp. quantification. Eighteen healthy and 14 RAO-affected horses were studied. Fungi were more frequently recovered in the RAO group, in comparison to controls, for both fungal microscopy (P<0.0001, fungal culture (P<0.0001 and Aspergillus spp. quantitative culture (p=0.001. In conclusion, horses with RAO have significantly higher fungal load in the respiratory tract in comparison to healthy horses. The implications of these findings in terms of the pathogenesis of RAO deserve additional investigation.

  18. Diseño de un Cuadro de Mando Integral para una biblioteca hospitalaria

    OpenAIRE

    Grifol-Clar, Eulalia; Medino-Muñoz, Juan

    2007-01-01

    Introduction: The Balance Scorecard(BSC) is a tool used to measure the institutional activity through quality indicators from several points of view: users, internal processes, human resources and financial management. Libraries of Fundación Hospital Alcorcón and Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada have been reflecting its activity, for two years, through a BSC, allowing synthetic, quick and accurate access to the results of their processes. Methodology: 1. Literature review of the...

  19. Using the balanced scorecard to mobilize human resources in organizational transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsasis, Peter; Harber, Bruce

    2008-05-01

    Traditionally, the balanced scorecard (BSC) has been an effective tool in linking measurement to strategy. However, what is least understood is how the BSC can be used to redefine organizational relationships, re-engineer fundamental processes and transform organizational culture, for superior performance in an organization with the same people, services and technology that previously delivered dismal performance. This paper highlights the process and uses York Central Hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada as an illustrative example.

  20. Návrh informačního systému pro Balanced Scorecard

    OpenAIRE

    Urban, Pavel

    2014-01-01

    This thesis is about Balanced Scorecard methodology and about information systems that support Balanced Scorecard in business. The main goals for the thesis are creating a design of Balanced Scorecard for an existing company and then design a BSC information system for this company. Business strategy management is introduced in the beginning of the theoretical part of this thesis. The description of each perspective of Balanced Scorecard follows. There is also a focus on BSC and strategy modi...

  1. A profile of pre-graduate physics students and their coarse evaluation: University of Stellenbosch, 1986-88

    OpenAIRE

    1989-01-01

    A thorough investigation has been undertaken of the pre-graduate B.Sc. physics sillabi. A comprehensive opinion poll consisting of 156 questions were answered by 406 B.Sc. students enrolled at the University of Stellenbosch during 1986-88. An analysis was made of the personal particulars of students, their choice of accompanying subjects, evaluation of the physics course contents, mathematical needs, lecturers’ didactics, lecture attendance, study methods, leisure time occupation, learning as...

  2. Dust modelling and forecasting in the Barcelona Supercomputing Center: Activities and developments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez, C; Baldasano, J M; Jimenez-Guerrero, P; Jorba, O; Haustein, K; Basart, S [Earth Sciences Department. Barcelona Supercomputing Center. Barcelona (Spain); Cuevas, E [Izanaa Atmospheric Research Center. Agencia Estatal de Meteorologia, Tenerife (Spain); Nickovic, S [Atmospheric Research and Environment Branch, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva (Switzerland)], E-mail: carlos.perez@bsc.es

    2009-03-01

    The Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) is the National Supercomputer Facility in Spain, hosting MareNostrum, one of the most powerful Supercomputers in Europe. The Earth Sciences Department of BSC operates daily regional dust and air quality forecasts and conducts intensive modelling research for short-term operational prediction. This contribution summarizes the latest developments and current activities in the field of sand and dust storm modelling and forecasting.

  3. Balanced Scorecard – Strategic Management Tool of Performance in Public Institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Cretu; Victoria Gheonea; Alexandra Ivan

    2015-01-01

    Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is used to achieve an operational strategic vision at all levels of the organization regarding issues related to performance, strategy, communication, resource allocation, decision-making and competitiveness. BSC was created to restrict the limits of traditional financial and management tools and ensure unity of vision and long-term action in an organization. The main advantage of the method consists in guiding managers and departments, human resources, ...

  4. Aplikace Balanced Scorecard ve společnosti Federal Expres Czech, s. r. o.

    OpenAIRE

    Krbilová, Dominika

    2011-01-01

    The thesis is focused on application of Balanced Scorecard in Federal Express Czech. BSC is a management tool, A performance metric used in strategic management to identify and improve various internal functions and their resulting external outcomes. BSC is a way of: measuring of companie's succes, balancing long-term and short-term actions and balancing different measures of success -- financial, customer, internal operations, human resource system & Development (learning and growth) The the...

  5. Marketing residential grid-connected PV systems using a balanced scorecard as a marketing tool

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bach, N. [University of Giessen (Germany). Dept. of Organisation and Management; Calais, P. [Murdoch University, Perth (Australia). School of Environmental Science; Calais, M. [Curtin University, Perth (Australia). Centre for Renewable Systems Technology

    2001-03-01

    A strategic analysis of the electricity market in Western Australia yields a market potential for renewable energy in Western Australia. However, from a purely financial viewpoint the installation of grid-connected pv-systems still is not economically viable. In this paper a balanced scorecard (BSC) is developed to capture and visualize other than financial benefits. Therefore, the BSC can be used as a marketing tool to communicate the benefits of a privately owned GCPV system to potential customers. (author)

  6. Wastewater Characterization Survey, Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-03-01

    Water Pollution Control, Second Edition, New York, McGraw-Hill, 1989. 4. Manahan , Stanley E., Environmental Chemistry , Fifth Edition, Chelsea, Michigan...OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH DIRECTORATE 0 BIOENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING DIVISION2402 E Drive Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235-5114 G March...Royal Road, Springfield VA 22161. DARRIN L. CURTIS, Capt, USAF, BSC EDWARD F. MAHER, Col, USAF, BSC Environmental Engineer Consultant Chief

  7. SUGERINDO O USO DO BALANCED SCORECARD NA GESTÃO DOS PROGRAMAS DE MESTRADO E DOUTORADO NA ÁREA MÉDICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ADAUTO DUTRA MORAES BARBOSA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available With the aim of suggesting the use of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC in the management of master's and doctoral programs in the medical area, the author presents, in a summary fashion, through a qualitative methodology, applied, exploratory and documentary, the concept of BSC and the prospects that the composes, correlating them with the interrogatories currently deployed by CAPES in triennial evaluation of master's and doctoral programs.

  8. A Novel Model for Optimized GSM Network Design

    CERN Document Server

    de Aguiar, Alexei Barbosa; Neto, Alvaro de Menezes S; Cunha, Ruddy P P; Pinheiro, Rebecca F

    2009-01-01

    GSM networks are very expensive. The network design process requires too many decisions in a combinatorial explosion. For this reason, the larger is the network, the harder is to achieve a totally human based optimized solution. The BSC (Base Station Control) nodes have to be geographically well allocated to reduce the transmission costs. There are decisions of association between BTS and BSC those impacts in the correct dimensioning of these BSC. The choice of BSC quantity and model capable of carrying the cumulated traffic of its affiliated BTS nodes in turn reflects on the total cost. In addition, the last component of the total cost is due to transmission for linking BSC nodes to MSC. These trunks have a major significance since the number of required E1 lines is larger than BTS to BSC link. This work presents an integer programming model and a computational tool for designing GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) networks, regarding BSS (Base Station Subsystem) with optimized cost.

  9. Biological soil crusts on initial soils: organic carbon dynamics and chemistry under temperate climatic conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Dümig

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Numerous studies have been carried out on the community structure and diversity of biological soil crusts (BSCs as well as their important functions on ecosystem processes. However, the amount of BSC-derived organic carbon (OC input into soils and its chemical composition under natural conditions has rarely been investigated. In this study, different development stages of algae- and moss-dominated BSCs were investigated on a~natural (<17 yr old BSCs and experimental sand dune (<4 yr old BSCs in northeastern Germany. We determined the OC accumulation in BSC-layers and the BSC-derived OC input into the underlying substrates for bulk materials and fractions <63 μm. The chemical composition of OC was characterized by applying solid-state 13C NMR spectroscopy and analysis of the carbohydrate-C signature.14C contents were used to assess the origin and dynamic of OC in BSCs and underlying substrates. Our results indicated a rapid BSC establishment and development from algae- to moss-dominated BSCs within only 4 yr under this temperate climate. The distribution of BSC types was presumably controlled by the surface stability according to the position in the slope. We found no evidence that soil properties influenced the BSC distribution on both sand dunes. 14C contents clearly indicated the existence of two OC pools in BSCs and substrates, recent BSC-derived OC and lignite-derived "old" OC (biologically refractory. The input of recent BSC-derived OC strongly decreased the mean residence time of total OC. The downward translocation of OC into the underlying substrates was only found for moss-dominated BSCs at the natural sand dune which may accelerate soil formation at these spots. BSC-derived OC mainly comprised O-alkyl C (carbohydrate-C and to a lesser extent also alkyl C and N-alkyl C in varying compositions. Accumulation of alkyl C was only detected in BSCs at the experimental dune which may induce a~lower water

  10. Active G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR), matrix metalloproteinases 2/9 (MMP2/9), heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (hbEGF), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), erbB2, and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) are necessary for trenbolone acetate-induced alterations in protein turnover rate of fused bovine satellite cell cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, K J; Kamanga-Sollo, E; White, M E; Dayton, W R

    2016-06-01

    Trenbolone acetate (TBA), a testosterone analog, increases protein synthesis and decreases protein degradation in fused bovine satellite cell (BSC) cultures. However, the mechanism through which TBA alters these processes remains unknown. Recent studies indicate that androgens improve rate and extent of muscle growth through a nongenomic mechanism involving G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR), matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (hbEGF), the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), erbB2, and the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R). We hypothesized that TBA activates GPCR, resulting in activation of MMP2/9 that releases hbEGF, which activates the EGFR and/or erbB2. To determine whether the proposed nongenomic pathway is involved in TBA-mediated alterations in protein turnover, fused BSC cultures were treated with TBA in the presence or absence of inhibitors for GPCR, MMP2/9, hbEGF, EGFR, erbB2, or IGF-1R, and resultant protein synthesis and degradation rates were analyzed. Assays were replicated at least 9 times for each inhibitor experiment utilizing BSC cultures obtained from at least 3 different steers that had no previous exposure to steroid compounds. As expected, fused BSC cultures treated with 10 n TBA exhibited increased ( BSC cultures with 10 n TBA in the presence of inhibitors for GPCR, MMP2/9, hbEGF, EGFR, erbB2, or IGF-1R suppressed ( 0.05) effect on TBA-mediated decreases in protein degradation. However, inhibition of both EGFR and erbB2 in the presence of 10 n TBA resulted in decreased ( BSC cultures treated with 10 n TBA exhibit increased ( BSC cultures.

  11. BALANCED SCORECARDS EVALUATION MODEL THAT INCLUDES ELEMENTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM USING AHP MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Jovanović

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The research is oriented on improvement of environmental management system (EMS using BSC (Balanced Scorecard model that presents strategic model of measurem ents and improvement of organisational performance. The research will present approach of objectives and environmental management me trics involvement (proposed by literature review in conventional BSC in "Ad Barska plovi dba" organisation. Further we will test creation of ECO-BSC model based on business activities of non-profit organisations in order to improve envir onmental management system in parallel with other systems of management. Using this approach we may obtain 4 models of BSC that includ es elements of environmen tal management system for AD "Barska plovidba". Taking into acc ount that implementation and evaluation need long period of time in AD "Barska plovidba", the final choice will be based on 14598 (Information technology - Software product evaluation and ISO 9126 (Software engineering - Product quality using AHP method. Those standards are usually used for evaluation of quality software product and computer programs that serve in organisation as support and factors for development. So, AHP model will be bas ed on evolution criteria based on suggestion of ISO 9126 standards and types of evaluation from two evaluation teams. Members of team & will be experts in BSC and environmental management system that are not em ployed in AD "Barska Plovidba" organisation. The members of team 2 will be managers of AD "Barska Plovidba" organisation (including manage rs from environmental department. Merging results based on previously cr eated two AHP models, one can obtain the most appropriate BSC that includes elements of environmental management system. The chosen model will present at the same time suggestion for approach choice including ecological metrics in conventional BSC model for firm that has at least one ECO strategic orientation.

  12. Matched-Pair Comparison of Radioembolization Plus Best Supportive Care Versus Best Supportive Care Alone for Chemotherapy Refractory Liver-Dominant Colorectal Metastases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seidensticker, Ricarda, E-mail: ricarda.seidensticker@med.ovgu.de [Universitaetsklinikum Magdeburg, Klinik fuer Radiologie and Nuklearmedizin (Germany); Denecke, Timm [Universitaetsmedizin Berlin (Germany); Kraus, Patrick; Seidensticker, Max; Mohnike, Konrad [Universitaetsklinikum Magdeburg, Klinik fuer Radiologie and Nuklearmedizin (Germany); Fahlke, Joerg [Universitaetsklinikum Magdeburg, Klinik fuer Allgemein-, Viszeral- und Gefaesschirurgie (Germany); Kettner, Erika [Klinik fuer Haematologie/Onkologie, Klinikum Magdeburg (Germany); Hildebrandt, Bert [Universitaetsmedizin Berlin (Germany); Dudeck, Oliver; Pech, Maciej; Amthauer, Holger; Ricke, Jens [Universitaetsklinikum Magdeburg, Klinik fuer Radiologie and Nuklearmedizin (Germany)

    2012-10-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate overall survival after radioembolization or best supportive care (BSC) in patients with chemotherapy-refractory liver-dominant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Methods: This was a matched-pair comparison of patients who received radioembolization plus BSC or BSC alone for extensive liver disease. Twenty-nine patients who received radioembolization were retrospectively matched with a contemporary cohort of >500 patients who received BSC from 3 centers in Germany. Using clinical databases, patients were initially matched for prior treatments and tumor burden and then 29 patients were consecutively identified with two or more of four matching criteria: synchronous/metachronous metastases, tumor burden, increased ALP, and/or CEA >200 U/ml. Survival was calculated from date of progression before radioembolization or BSC by using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: Of 29 patients in each study arm, 16 pairs (55.2%) matched for all four criteria, and 11 pairs (37.9%) matched three criteria. Patients in both groups had a similar performance status (Karnofsky index, median 80% [range, 60-100%]). Compared with BSC alone, radioembolization prolonged survival (median, 8.3 vs. 3.5 months; P < 0.001) with a hazard ratio of 0.3 (95% confidence interval, 0.16-0.55; P < 0.001) in a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model. Treatment-related adverse events following radioembolization included: grade 1-2 fatigue (n = 20, 69%), grade 1 abdominal pain/nausea (n = 14, 48.3%), and grade 2 gastrointestinal ulceration (n = 3, 10.3%). Three cases of grade 3 radiation-induced liver disease were symptomatically managed. Conclusions: Radioembolization offers a promising addition to BSC in treatment-refractory patients for whom there are limited options. Survival was prolonged and adverse events were generally mild-to-moderate in nature and manageable.

  13. Installation restoration program. Feasibility study for sites 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. Michigan Air National Guard. Alpena Combat Readiness Training Center, Alpena, Michigan. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-04-01

    This study is to screen and evaluate remediation alternatives for IRP sites at Alpena CR TC, Alpena, MI. The purpose of this FS is to develop, screen, and evaluate remedial alternatives which are potentially capable of meeting the remedial action objectives (RAOs) identified for the sites at the Alpena CRTC. The first step in the PS process is to identify the RAOs and general response actions (GRAs). RAOs consist of medium-specific or site-specific goals for protecting human health and the environment. GRAs are actions that satisfy the remedial action goals. After the identification of the RAOs and the GRAs, the next step in the FS process is to identify and screen technologies. In this step, the universe of potentially applicable technology types and process options are reduced by evaluating the options with respect to technical implementability. The retained technologies are then combined to form remedial alternatives capable of meeting the RAOs applicable to a particular site. These remedial alternatives are screened based on effectiveness, implementability, and cost. The purpose of this screening is to reduce the number of alternatives that must undergo a more thorough and extensive evaluation during the detailed analysis step.

  14. Inhibitory Effects of Nano-Extract from Dendropanax morbifera on Proliferation and Migration of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Leejin; Yun, Je-Jung; Jeong, Ji-Eun; Wi, An-Jin; Song, Heesang

    2015-01-01

    The plant Dendropanax morbifera Léveille (D. morbifera), a subtropical broad-leaved evergreen tree, have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of infectious diseases, skin diseases, and other maladies. However, the effect of extracts from D. morbifera in vascuar diseases has not yet been reported. In this study, BrdU assay revealed that extracts from D. morbifera inhibit significantly the proliferation rate of Rat Aortic Smooth Muscle Cells (RAoSMCs) by -40% in treated samples compared to controls. Notably, 2-D wound healing assay and 3-D boyden chamber assay showed the significant reduction of RAoSMCs migration induced by serum in nano extracts treated groups by -50%. We further observed that the phosphorylated levels of Akt and ERK were significantly reduced by 70% in extracts treated RAoSMCs. Moreover, the expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2 and 9 were significantly reduced by extracts from D. morbifera. Our results suggest that extracts from D. morbifera inhibit proliferation and migration in RAoSMCs via the modulation of phosphorylated levels of Akt and ERK. Subsequently, the reduced MMP2 and 9 expression might result to reduced migration of RAoSMCs.

  15. Condensation of water vapour on moss-dominated biological soil crust, NW China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xin-Ping; Pan, Yan-Xia; Hu, Rui; Zhang, Ya-Feng; Zhang, Hao

    2014-03-01

    Characteristics of water vapour condensation, including the onset, duration, and amount of water vapour condensation on moss-dominated biological soil crust (BSC) and dune sand were studied under simulated conditions with varying air temperature and relative humidity. The simulations were performed in a plant growth chamber using an electronic balance recording the weight of condensation. There was a positive linear correlation between the water vapour condensation and relative humidity while the mean temperature was negatively linearly related to amounts of water vapour condensation for both soil surfaces. The amount of water vapour condensation on BSC and dune sand can be described by the difference between air temperature and dew point with an exponential function, indicating that when the difference of air temperature and dew point exceeds a value of 35.3◦C, there will be zero water vapour condensed on BSC. In contrast, when the difference of air temperature and dew point exceeds a value of 20.4◦C, the water vapour condensation will be zero for dune sand. In general, when the air is fully saturated with water and the dew point is equal to the current air temperature, the water vapour condensed on BSC attained its maximum value of 0.398 mm, whereas it was 0.058 mm for dune sand. In comparison, water vapour condensed on BSC was at a relatively high temperature and low relative humidity, while we did not detect water vapour condensation on the dune sand under the similar conditions. Physical and chemical analyses of the samples pointed to a greater porosity, high content of fine particles, and high salinity for BSC compared to the dune sand. These results highlight that soil physicochemical properties are the likely factors influencing the mechanism of water vapour condensation under specific meteorological conditions, as onset was earlier and the duration was longer for water vapour condensation on BSC in comparison with that of dune sand. This contributed to

  16. Condensation of water vapour on moss-dominated biological soil crust, NW China

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Xin-Ping Wang; Yan-Xia Pan; Rui Hu; Ya-Feng Zhang; Hao Zhang

    2014-03-01

    Characteristics of water vapour condensation, including the onset, duration, and amount of water vapour condensation on moss-dominated biological soil crust (BSC) and dune sand were studied under simulated conditions with varying air temperature and relative humidity. The simulations were performed in a plant growth chamber using an electronic balance recording the weight of condensation. There was a positive linear correlation between the water vapour condensation and relative humidity while the mean temperature was negatively linearly related to amounts of water vapour condensation for both soil surfaces. The amount of water vapour condensation on BSC and dune sand can be described by the difference between air temperature and dew point with an exponential function, indicating that when the difference of air temperature and dew point exceeds a value of 35.3°C, there will be zero water vapour condensed on BSC. In contrast, when the difference of air temperature and dew point exceeds a value of 20.4°C, the water vapour condensation will be zero for dune sand. In general, when the air is fully saturated with water and the dew point is equal to the current air temperature, the water vapour condensed on BSC attained its maximum value of 0.398 mm, whereas it was 0.058 mm for dune sand. In comparison, water vapour condensed on BSC was at a relatively high temperature and low relative humidity, while we did not detect water vapour condensation on the dune sand under the similar conditions. Physical and chemical analyses of the samples pointed to a greater porosity, high content of fine particles, and high salinity for BSC compared to the dune sand. These results highlight that soil physicochemical properties are the likely factors influencing the mechanism of water vapour condensation under specific meteorological conditions, as onset was earlier and the duration was longer for water vapour condensation on BSC in comparison with that of dune sand. This contributed to

  17. The Balanced Scorecard as a Management Tool for Arable Farming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margit Paustian

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Management requirements for crop farming are high and will rise in the future. Arable farms are challenged by volatile markets, growing administrative burdens, increasing operating costs and growing competition for land. Management skills have become much more important for farmers in recent years and this trend will continue in the future. There are numerous instruments like accounting software or crop field cards integrated in daily management practice, but there is a deficiency of a fully integrated management system to give an overview of all areas of the farming business. This gap can be closed by the management tool Balanced Scorecard (BSC that provides an overview of all production and management activities on a farm. Therefore, with the aim to transfer the BSC concept to crop farming, German farmers and agricultural advisors were surveyed to get insights into the success factors and key performance indicators in the four BSC perspectives they consider most relevant for the operational success of arable farms. By the use of a cluster analysis, three different farm types were identified according to their visions and strategies. For the three farm types the key performance indicators that the respondents considered most relevant for farm performance were figured out. Implementation of the BSC to crop farming can result in a big benefit for management practice. The BSC focuses vision and long-term strategy with the main goal to ensure consistency of the farm and increase farm performance.

  18. Metastatic basaloid-squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus treated by 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yoshihiro Shibata; Hirokazu Noshiro; Takashi Yao; Shuji Nakano; Eishi Baba; Hiroshi Ariyama; Ryusuke Miki; Nobumichi Ogami; Shuji Arita; Baoli Qin; Hitoshi Kusaba; Kenji Mitsugi

    2007-01-01

    Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSC) of the esophagus is a rare malignant disease. We report here a patient with recurrent esophageal BSC, who was successfully treated by systemic chemotherapy containing 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin (CDDP). A 57-year-old woman was diagnosed as having squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus upon endoscopic examination. Curative esophagectomy with lymph node dissection was performed under the thoracoscope. The pathological diagnosis of the surgical specimen was BSC.Five months after operation, the patient was diagnosed as having a recurrence of the BSC with metastases to the liver and spleen, and a right paraclavicular lymph node. She was given systemic chemotherapy consisting ofcontinuous infusion of 800 mg/d of 5-FU and 3 h infusion of 20 mg/d of CDDP for 5 consecutive days every 4 wk. The metastatic lesions in the spleen and right paraclavicular lymph node disappeared, and the liver metastasis was apparently reduced in size after 2 courses of chemotherapy. The tumor regression was seen over 6 courses, with progression afterwards.Although subsequent treatment with CPT-11 and CDDP was not effective, docetaxel and vinorelbine temporarily controlled the tumor growth for 2 mo. 5-FU and CDDP combination may be useful for the patients with advanced BSC.

  19. Personal operator dose in invasive cardiology as a function of body height and tube angulation; Hoehe und Roehrenangulation als die Determinanten der moeglichen Untersucher-Ortsdosisleistung in der invasiven Kardiologie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuon, E.; Reuter, G. [Kardiologische Abt., Klinik Fraenkische Schweiz, Ebermannstadt (Germany); Empen, K.; Dahm, J.B. [Kardiologische Klinik, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Univ., Greifswald (Germany)

    2004-05-01

    Purpose: to map in an experimental setting of the local personal operator dose for 55 selected tube angulations as a function of body height above ground. Materials and methods: on an alderson-rando phantom representing the patient, we performed measurements of fluoroscopy scatter radiation ({mu}Sv/h) at the operator's position, for the range of 20 - 200 cm body height, for all tube angulations in 30 steps from right anterior oblique (RAO) 90 to left anterior oblique (LAO) 90 position, and for planes angulated cranially (+) and caudally (-) by 10 , 20 , 30 , and 40 , unless rendered unfeasible by geometric circumstances. Results: radiation exposure to the operator is lowest between posteroanterior (PA) 0 and RAO 30 angulation, and continuously increases by a factor of approx. 2 towards steep RAO, and to factors of 5 - 10 towards steep LAO views. Craniocaudal angulation at 30 likewise generates personal dose levels 2 - 3 times as high. For all body heights and all LAO tube angulations, the corridor between 0 - 10 caudal angulation generates the least personal scatter dose, likewise irrespective of body height and craniocaudal tube angulations, the corridor between 0 PA - 30 RAO angulation. RAO angulations, however, being inverse to the respective 90 LAO angulations, are generally 4 to 5 times less radiation extensive. Peak levels of the local personal dose vary from 160 cm body height for steep cranial LAO 90 /30 + views (3,500 {mu}Sv/h), to 50 cm for cranial PA 0 /30 + (400 {mu}Sv/h), and to {>=} 170 cm (600 {mu}Sv/h) and {<=} 40 cm (300 {mu}Sv/h) for steep cranial RAO 90 /30 + views. Caudal angulations generate slightly lower doses, with peak levels at 120 cm for LAO 90 /30 - views (3,000 {mu}Sv/h), at 50 cm for PA 0 /30 - views (300 {mu}Sv/h), and above 170 cm (900 {mu}Sv/h) and below 40 cm (500 {mu}Sv/h) for steep caudal RAO 90 /30 - views. (orig.) [German] Ziel: Experimentelle Bestimmung der Ortsdosisleistung des Untersuchers in der invasiven Kardiologie

  20. Dicty_cDB: VSC358 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available complete sequence. 44 0.075 6 AW828708 |AW828708.1 ra73a06.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne ...incognita cDNA 5', mRNA sequence. 46 0.43 1 AW571037 |AW571037.1 ra15d12.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J...Gossypium arboreum cDNA clone GA__Ea0006G06f, mRNA sequence. 46 0.43 1 AW588731 |AW588731.1 ra03h10.y2 Bird-...ponicum cDNA, mRNA sequence. 46 0.43 1 AW571277 |AW571277.1 ra16d05.y2 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Mel...oidogyne incognita cDNA 5', mRNA sequence. 46 0.43 1 AW571332 |AW571332.1 ra19a06.y2 Bird

  1. Sample rotation theory with missing data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZOU; Guohua

    2002-01-01

    [1]Cochran, W. G., Sampling Techniques, 3rd ed., New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1977, 344-351.[2]Feng, S. Y., Ni, J. X., Zou, G. H., Survey Sampling——Theory and Methods, Beijing: The Statistical Publishing House of China, 1998, 174-177.[3]Sen, A. R., Successive sampling with p(p≥1)auxiliary variables, Ann. Math. Statist., 1972, 43: 2031-2034.[4]Sen, A. R., Theory and application of sampling on repeated occasions with several auxiliary variables, Biometrics, 1973, 29: 381-385.[5]Feng, S. Y., Zou, G. H., Sample rotation method with auxiliary variable, Commun. Statist.-Theory Meth., 1997, 29: 1497-1509.[6]Rao, J. N. K., Sitter, R. R., Jackknife variance estimation under imputation for missing survey data, Technical Report No. 214, Carleton: Carleton University, 1993.[7]Rao, J. N. K., Sitter, R. R., Variance estimation under two-phase sampling with application to imputation for missing data, Biometrika, 1995, 82: 453-460.[8]Rao, J. N. K., On variance estimation with imputed survey data, J. Amer. Statist. Assoc., 1996, 91: 499-506.[9]Sitter, R. R., Rao, J. N. K., Imputation for missing values and corresponding variance estimation, Can. J. Statist., 1997, 25: 61-73.[10]Rao, J. N. K., Developments in sample survey theory: an appraisal, Can. J. Statist., 1997, 25: 1-21.[11]Rao, J. N. K., Shao, J., Jackknife variance estimation with survey data under hot deck imputation, Biometrika, 1992, 79: 811-822.[12]Zou, G. H., Research on some sampling methods and inference problems in survey sampling, Ph. D. Thesis(in Chinese), Beijing: Institute of Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1995.

  2. Applying the Balanced Scorecard Strategic Evaluation Method to a University Athletic Department

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    THANOS KRIEMADIS, ANDREAS KOTSOVOS & PANAYIOTIS ALEXOPOULOS

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The Balanced Scorecard (BSC has been extensively used in manufacturing organisations, service organisations, non-profit organisations, and governmental organizations with outstanding results (Kaplan and Norton, 2001b. Performance measures are at the core of the BSC system.However, financial measurement alone does not reflect the organisational mission of governmental and non-profit organisations; rather the mission of government or non-profitorganisation should be placed at top of the BSC in measuring whether such an organisation has been successful. Hence, the greatest difference between businesses and nonprofit organisations lies in the achievement of the mission.The purpose of this article is to present the evaluation of the performance of a University Athletic Department using the balanced scorecard strategic approach which includes four dimensions such as: (a the customer dimension, (b the financial dimension,(c the learning and growth dimension and (d the internal business process dimension.

  3. Cost-effectiveness of sorafenib compared to best supportive care in second line renal cell cancer from a payer perspective in Cyprus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrou, Panagiotis Ke; Talias, Michael A

    2014-02-01

    The objective of this study is to assess the cost effectiveness of sorafenib as a second line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma compared to standard best supportive care (BSC) in Cyprus. A probabilistic Decision analytic Markov Model was created to simulate disease progression and data from landmark trials were used. Actual local costs were set according to current guidelines in Cyprus. The incremental cost per quality adjusted life year of sorafenib versus BSC was €102,059. The probability of sorafenib to be cost effective at the threshold of €60,000 was 0%. Total costs were sensitive to the price of product, its effectiveness and to a lesser degree to the utility values. Sorafenib demonstrated superior clinical effectiveness compared to BSC, but it's not cost effective under current willingness to pay threshold. Its orphan status along with solidarity principle may justify reimbursement on an individual patient basis.

  4. Adapting the balanced scorecard for mental health and addictions: an inpatient example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Elizabeth; Durbin, Janet

    2008-05-01

    The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is a performance-monitoring framework that originated in the business sector but has more recently been applied to health services. The province of Ontario is using the BSC approach to monitor quality of inpatient care in five service areas. Feasibility of the scorecard framework for each area has been assessed using a standard approach. This paper reports results of the feasibility study for the mental health sector, focusing on three issues: framework relevance, underlying strategic goals and indicator selection. Based on a literature review and extensive stakeholder input, the BSC quadrant structure was recommended with some modifications, and indicators were selected that aligned with provincial mental health reform policy goals. The mental health report has completed two cycles of reporting, and has received good support from the field.

  5. Performance Measurement of Water Desalination Supply Chain Using Balanced Scorecard Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Balfaqih

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to propose a theoretical framework based on a balanced scorecard (BSC for performance measurement in the water desalination supply chain (WDSC. The reason for choosing this context is that the supply chain (SC of water desalination has received a great amount of attention, due to issues related to the increased need of fresh water for agricultural, industrial and human consumptions. The research methodology is based on literature analysis concerning performance measurement and metrics, the water desalination industry and the BSC model. Different SC performance measures which related to WDSC have been reviewed and distributed into four BSC perspectives: financial, customer, internal business, and learning & growth. The article provides a structured theoretical framework specific for WDSC. This is the first developed framework in WDSC which could serve as a reference to develop applicable performance indicators, and it is expected that both researchers and practitioners would benefit from the proposed framework.

  6. An empirical study for measuring the success index of banking industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Mardani

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Measuring organization performance plays an important role for developing better strategic plans. In today's competitive environment, organizations attempt for the product quality or offering the service, delivery, reliability capability and the customer satisfaction. These properties are not measurable only by traditional financial criteria and we need a method, which could consider non-financial factors as well. The present study of this paper proposed a hybrid of balanced score card (BSC and data envelopment analysis (DEA method for an empirical study of banking sector. The study proposes a model for assessing the Tose`eTa`avon bank performance, which is an example of governmental credit and financial services institutes. The study determines different important factors associated with each four components of BSC and uses analytical hierarchy process to rank the measures. In each part of BSC implementation, we use DEA for ranking different units of bank and efficient and inefficient units are determined.

  7. Using path analysis to examine causal relationships among balanced scorecard performance indicators for general hospitals: the case of a public hospital system in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ming-Chin; Tung, Yu-Chi

    2006-01-01

    Examining whether the causal relationships among the performance indicators of the balanced scorecard (BSC) framework exist in hospitals is the aim of this article. Data were collected from all twenty-one general hospitals in a public hospital system and their supervising agency for the 3-year period, 2000-2002. The results of the path analyses identified significant causal relationships among four perspectives in the BSC model. We also verified the relationships among indicators within each perspective, some of which varied as time changed. We conclude that hospital administrators can use path analysis to help them identify and manage leading indicators when adopting the BSC model. However, they should also validate causal relationships between leading and lagging indicators periodically because the management environment changes constantly.

  8. A performance measurement using balanced scorecard and structural equation modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosha Makvandi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available During the past few years, balanced scorecard (BSC has been widely used as a promising method for performance measurement. BSC studies organizations in terms of four perspectives including customer, internal processes, learning and growth and financial figures. This paper presents a hybrid of BSC and structural equation modeling (SEM to measure the performance of an Iranian university in province of Alborz, Iran. The proposed study of this paper uses this conceptual method, designs a questionnaire and distributes it among some university students and professors. Using SEM technique, the survey analyzes the data and the results indicate that the university did poorly in terms of all four perspectives. The survey extracts necessary target improvement by presenting necessary attributes for performance improvement.

  9. Using fuzzy cognitive maps to model performance measurement system of Internet-based supply chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Juan-juan; WANG Cheng-liang

    2006-01-01

    Fuzzy cognitive maps (FCM) is a well-established artificial intelligence technique, which can be effectively applied in the domains of performance measurement, decision making and other management science. FCM can be a useful tool in a group decision-making environment by using scientifically integrated expert knowledge. The theories of FCM and balance scorecard (BSC) both emphasize cause-and-effect relationships among indicators in a complex system, but few reports have been published addressing the combined application of these two techniques. In this paper we propose a FCM simulation model for the sample performance measurement system of Internet-based supply chain, which is constructed by BSC theory.We gave examples to explain how FCM can be adapted to execute the causal mechanism of BSC, and also how FCM can support group decision-making and forecasting in performance measurement.

  10. Phase III trial of vinflunine plus best supportive care compared with best supportive care alone after a platinum-containing regimen in patients with advanced transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelial tract

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bellmunt, Joaquim; Théodore, Christine; Demkov, Tomasz;

    2009-01-01

    experienced progression after a first-line platinum-containing regimen. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was designed to compare overall survival (OS) between patients receiving VFL + BSC (performance status [PS] = 0: 320 mg/m(2), every 3 weeks; PS = 0 with previous pelvic radiation and PS = 1: 280 mg/m(2...... neutropenia (50%), febrile neutropenia (6%), anemia (19%), fatigue (19%), and constipation (16%). In the intent-to-treat population, the objective of a median 2-month survival advantage (6.9 months for VFL + BSC v 4.6 months for BSC) was achieved (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.88; 95% CI, 0.69 to 1...... demonstrates a survival advantage in second-line treatment for advanced TCCU. Consistency of results exists with significant and meaningful benefit over all efficacy parameters. Safety profile is acceptable, and therefore, VFL seems to be a reasonable option for TCCU progressing after first-line platinum...

  11. Electron absorbed fractions in skeletal soft tissues based on red bone marrow segmentation at runtime in muCT images of human trabecular bone;Fracoes absorvidas de eletrons em tecidos moles do esqueleto avaliadas com base na segmentacao em tempo de execucao da medula ossea vermelha contida em imagens muCT do osso trabecular humano

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vieira, J.W. [Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil); Kramer, R. [Universidade de Pernambuco (UPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Escola Politecnica; Khoury, H.J. [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear; Robson-Brown, K. [University of Bristol, Bristol (United Kingdom). Dept. of Archaeology and Anthropology

    2009-07-01

    Skeletal dosimetry determines equivalent dose or absorbed fractions in the red bone marrow (RBM) and the osteogenic cells on bone surfaces (BSC). Following a method used earlier for the BSC, RBM and yellow bone marrow (YBM) have been segmented in the marrow cavities of muCT images of human spongiosa at runtime, i.e. during the execution of the Monte Carlo calculation, which avoids the necessity to segment RBM and YBM externally in muCT images for many different cellularities and to store the data. Using this internal RBM/YBM segmentation, this study presents electron absorbed fractions for the RBM and the BSC as a function of the voxel resolution and also compares the results with data from other investigations. (author)

  12. Backward Secondary-Wave Coherence Errors in Photonic Bandgap Fiber Optic Gyroscopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xiaobin; Song, Ningfang; Zhang, Zuchen; Jin, Jing

    2016-01-01

    Photonic bandgap fiber optic gyroscope (PBFOG) is a novel fiber optic gyroscope (FOG) with excellent environment adaptability performance compared to a conventional FOG. In this work we find and investigate the backward secondary-wave coherence (BSC) error, which is a bias error unique to the PBFOG and caused by the interference between back-reflection-induced and backscatter-induced secondary waves. Our theoretical and experimental results show a maximum BSC error of ~4.7°/h for a 300-m PBF coil with a diameter of 10 cm. The BSC error is an important error source contributing to bias instability in the PBFOG and has to be addressed before practical applications of the PBFOG can be implemented. PMID:27338388

  13. Identifying and Ranking of Performance Indicators of Entering Foreign Markets With a Case Study in Iran Khodro Industrial Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esmaeil Malekakhlagh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available As trade is being more competitive and complicated at international level, necessity of managers’ attention to the strategies for entering the global markets has become a competitive advantage for companies; meanwhile, performance evaluation plays a critical role in organizations’ success. One of the performance evaluation models is Balanced Score Card (BSC which has many advantages compared to similar approaches. In this study, different techniques have been used to determine the degree of parameters' priority to each other including Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP, Eigenvector technique and SMART method and the strategies performance of Iran Khodro Industrial Group for entering foreign markets during 2009 and 2010 has been evaluated using BSC. Findings imply that the BSC aspects with order of success degree include innovation and development (61%, customer (52%, business processes (47% and financial (24%, respectively.

  14. PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SOME SILICON (IV COMPLEXES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z.F DAWOOD

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Silicon(IV complexes containing mixed ligands: Shiff-bases (AH {derived from 2- or 3- amino-pyridine with 2-hydroxy- or 3-me- thoxy- or 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzaldehyde} and benzalde- hyde semicarbazone (BSCH, have been prepared. The resulted complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance values, infrared and electronic spectral data. Complexes of the type [Si(BSCH2(AH]Cl4, [Si(BSC2(AnH]Cl2 and [Si(BSC2(A]Cl (where n=2 or 3, A=deprotonated Schiff-base ligands , BSC= deprotonated semicarbazone have been proposed in neutral and basic medium, respectively.

  15. Milk yield and quality in Guernsey cows fed cottonseed cake-based diets partially substituted with baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) seed cake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madzimure, James; Musimurimwa, Carmen; Chivandi, Eliton; Gwiriri, Lovemore; Mamhare, Eddison

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the effects of partially substituting cottonseed cake with graded levels of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) seed cake (BSC) on milk yield and quality in Guernsey cows. Sixteen cows in mid-lactation and in their third parity were allocated to diets containing 0% (control), 5%, 10%, and 15% BSC in a completely randomized design. Each cow was given a daily feed ration of 6 kg and a basal diet of soya bean stover ad libitum. There were no differences in daily feed intake (P > 0.05), but basal intake differed among all treatment groups with cows on the control diet having the highest intake (30 ± 0.34 kg/day). Mean daily milk yield differed (P  0.05). These results indicate that BSC can substitute soya bean cake in dairy diets, but milk production and butterfat content are compromised.

  16. The design and construction of the beam scintillation counter for CMS

    CERN Document Server

    Bell, Alan James

    2008-01-01

    This thesis presents the design qualification and construction of the Beam Scintillator Counter (BSC) for the CMS Collaboration at CERN in 2007 - 2008. The BSC detector is designed to aid in the commissioning of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) during the first 2 years of operation and provide technical triggering for beam halo and minimum-bias events. Using plastic scintillator tiles mounted at both ends of CMS, it will detect minimum ionizing particles through the low-to-mid luminosity phases of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) commissioning. During these early phases, the BSC will provide probably the most interesting and widely used data of any of the CMS sub-detectors and will be employed in the track based alignment procedure of the central tracker and commissioning of the Forward Hadron Calorimeter.

  17. Identifying and Ranking of Performance Indicators of Entering Foreign Markets With a Case Study in Iran Khodro Industrial Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail malekakhlagh

    2011-09-01

    As trade is being more competitive and complicated at international level, necessity of managers’ attention to the strategies for entering the global markets has become a competitive advantage for companies meanwhile, performance evaluation plays a critical role in organizations’ success. One of the performance evaluation models is Balanced Score Card (BSC which has many advantages compared to similar approaches. In this study, different techniques have been used to determine the degree of parameters' priority to each other including Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP, Eigenvector technique and SMART method and the strategies performance of Iran Khodro Industrial Group for entering foreign markets during 2009 and 2010 has been evaluated using BSC. Findings imply that the BSC aspects with order of success degree include innovation and development (61%, customer (52%, business processes (47% and financial (24%, respectively.

  18. Balanced Scorecard – Strategic Management Tool of Performance in Public Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Cretu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Balanced Scorecard (BSC is used to achieve an operational strategic vision at all levels of the organization regarding issues related to performance, strategy, communication, resource allocation, decision-making and competitiveness. BSC was created to restrict the limits of traditional financial and management tools and ensure unity of vision and long-term action in an organization. The main advantage of the method consists in guiding managers and departments, human resources, technological and financial resources towards the strategy of the organization. Unfortunately BSC is mainly used in private companies, because high costs and lack of specialists pose a real obstacle in implementing this instrument in public institutions. Our arguments attempts to show that the Balanced Scorecard can be the most appropriate among all the management tools for the public sector.

  19. BIASED BEARINGS-ONIKY PARAMETER ESTIMATION FOR BISTATIC SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Benlian; Wang Zhiquan

    2007-01-01

    According to the biased angles provided by the bistatic sensors,the necessary condition of observability and Cramer-Rao low bounds for the bistatic system are derived and analyzed,respectively.Additionally,a dual Kalman filter method is presented with the purpose of eliminating the effect of biased angles on the state variable estimation.Finally,Monte-Carlo simulations are conducted in the observable scenario.Simulation results show that the proposed theory holds true,and the dual Kalman filter method can estimate state variable and biased angles simultaneously.Furthermore,the estimated results can achieve their Cramer-Rao low bounds.

  20. Trapped Atoms in One-Dimensional Photonic Crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    2002 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19 2052 [39] Koenderink A F, Kafesaki M, Soukoulis C M and Sandoghdar V 2006 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23 1196 [40] Manga Rao V S C...032509 [55] Hwang J K, Ryu H Y and Lee Y H 1999 Phys. Rev. B 60 4688–95 [56] Yao P, Manga Rao V S C and Hughes S 2010 Laser Photon. Rev. 4 499–516 New Journal of Physics 15 (2013) 083026 (http://www.njp.org/)