WorldWideScience

Sample records for bsc rao

  1. RAO Logic for Multiagent Framework

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Zhongzhi; TIAN Qijia; LI Yunfeng

    1999-01-01

    In this paper, we deal with how agentsreason about knowledge of others in multiagent system. We firstpresent a knowledge representation framework called reasoning aboutothers (RAO) which isdesigned specifically to represent concepts and rules used inreasoning about knowledge of others. From a class of sentences usuallytaken by people in daily life to reason about others, a rule called position exchange principle (PEP) is abstracted. PEP is described as anaxiom scheme in RAO and regarded as a basic rule for agents to reasonabout others, and further it has the similar formand role to modus ponens and (K) axiom of knowledge logic. Therelationship between speech acts and common sense is also discussedwhich is necessary for RAO. Based on ideas fromsituation calculus, this relationship is characterized by an axiomschema in RAO. Our theories are also demonstrated by an example.

  2. Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nickola, Marisa; Gaylard, Mike; Quick, Jonathan; Combrinck, Ludwig

    2013-01-01

    HartRAO provides the only fiducial geodetic site in Africa, and it participates in global networks for VLBI, GNSS, SLR, and DORIS. This report provides an overview of geodetic VLBI activities at HartRAO during 2012, including the conversion of a 15-m alt-az radio telescope to an operational geodetic VLBI antenna.

  3. Bhaskar Rao: far from resigned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khandekar, S

    1992-03-01

    In 1972, Dr. Bhaskar Rao 1st worked for Operations Research Group (ORG), a market research agency. He resigned as its President in December 1991 after it was sold to Business India. He was able to life ORG from just an audit organization to an organization that could conduct analyses and formulate strategies, and that was doing well financially. He was not willing to let this well-respected, independent, professional, and nonprofit group be viewed as part of a for-profit magazine company, however. After finishing his undergraduate education, he became involved in the social service organization directed by Nehru. In 1962, he worked full time for its mass awareness group and then worked to combat rumors during the India-China war. In 1963, he worked with farmers to educate them on how to use fertilizers to increase yield. This experience brought him a scholarship to study social science at Kansas State University in 1967. In the US, he took a course at Martin Luther King's School for Social Change to further his political interests. He received a Ph.D. in mass communications from the University of Iowa then returned to India. In 1970, he worked for the Ford Foundation as a consultant to the Ministry of Health and Family Planning which wanted to survey 25,000 people to learn their perceptions of family planning. He dealt with ORG. The owner convinced him to leave the Ford Foundation and work for ORG where he worked on the family planning survey and the national readership survey. In 1973, he challenged remarks made by the minister of information and broadcast during a public speech. Impressed, the minister offered him an evaluation advisor position. In 1977, however, he left and returned to ORG where he became widely known as a media analyst. In 1983, he became vice president of ORG and president in 1985.

  4. Rao Heidmets tegi eestlaste traagilised elulood filmiks / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Joonisfilm "Elulood" : stsenaristid Rao Heidmets ja Mats Traat : režissöör Rao Heidmets : kunstnik Ave Nahkur : helilooja Olav Ehala : esilinastus Torontos, oktoober 2007 : Eesti esilinastus 25. nov. 2007. Lisatud "Filmis kõlavaid elulookatkeid"

  5. On the Feng-Rao bound for generalized hamming weights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geil, Hans Olav; Thommesen, Christian

    2006-01-01

    The Feng-Rao bound gives good estimates of the minimum distance of a large class of codes. In this work we are concerned with the problem of how to extend the Feng-Rao bound so that it deals with all the generalized Hamming weights. The problem was solved by Heijnen and Pellikaan in [7] for a lar...

  6. Exploration of AWGNC and BSC Pseudocodeword Redundancy

    CERN Document Server

    Zumbragel, Jens; Skachek, Vitaly

    2010-01-01

    The AWGNC, BSC, and max-fractional pseudocodeword redundancy of a code is defined as the smallest number of rows in a parity-check matrix such that the corresponding minimum pseudoweight is equal to the minimum Hamming distance of the code. This paper provides new results on the AWGNC, BSC, and max-fractional pseudocodeword redundancies of codes. The pseudocodeword redundancies for all codes of small length (at most 9) are computed. Also, comprehensive results are provided on the cases of cyclic codes of length at most 250 for which the eigenvalue bound of Vontobel and Koetter is sharp.

  7. Admission eligibility criteria and academic success of the BSc Nursing at BPKIHS, Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pokhrel, Nita; Mehta, Ram Sharan; Khanal, Sudhanshu Sharma; Niraula, Surya Raj

    2004-12-01

    Present study was under taken to evaluate the admission eligibility criteria and academic success of BSc Nursing at BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences in eastern Nepal. The average BSc Nursing scores were significantly associated with the performance in School Leaving Certificate (SLC), Entrance, BSc I, BSc II, BSc III and BSc IV but not with ISc score.

  8. A dynamic performance evaluation method based on SD-BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TENG Chun-xian; PAN Xiao-dong; HU Xian-wu

    2007-01-01

    Taking into consideration the disadvantage of Balanced Scorecard (BSC) not being able to reflect time delay, nonlinear problems of causal relationship and being lack of effective simulation, we combined it with the characteristics of the System Dynamics (SD). Basing on the background of manufacturing enterprises,through SD integrating with the BSC we established a new performance evaluation method-SD-BSC method to overcome the disadvantage of BSC. A performance evaluation model of SD-BSC is provided and the simulation results are analyzed which show different production policies will lead to different customer's satisfaction degrees. The SD-BSC dynamic performance evaluation method can reflect dynamic, complex causal feedback relationship and time delay, so it compensates for the disadvantage of traditional financial performance evaluation method, and at the same time makes the BSC perfect.

  9. The Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filter: A Filter Bank Implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Hendeby G.; Hendeby, Gustaf; Karlsson R.; Karlsson, Rickard; Gustafsson, Fredrik; Gustafsson F.

    2010-01-01

    For computational efficiency, it is important to utilize model structure in particle filtering. One of the most important cases occurs when there exists a linear Gaussian substructure, which can be efficiently handled by Kalman filters. This is the standard formulation of the Rao-Blackwellized particle filter (RBPF). This contribution suggests an alternative formulation of this well-known result that facilitates reuse of standard filtering components and which is also suitable for object-ori...

  10. An efficient Rao-Blackwellized particle filter for object tracking

    OpenAIRE

    Arnaud, Elise; Memin, Etienne

    2005-01-01

    International audience In this paper we present a technique for the tracking of textured almost planar object. The target is modeled as a noisy planar cloud of points. The tracking is led with an appropriate non linear stochastic filter. The particular system that we devised is conditionally Gaussian and can be efficiently implemented through variance reduction principle known as Rao-Blackwellisation. Our model allows also to melt a correlation measurements with dynamic model estimated fro...

  11. A Reformulation of the Arora-Rao-Vazirani Structure Theorem

    OpenAIRE

    Arora, Sanjeev; LEE, James; Sachdeva, Sushant

    2011-01-01

    In a well-known paper[ARV], Arora, Rao and Vazirani obtained an O(sqrt(log n)) approximation to the Balanced Separator problem and Uniform Sparsest Cut. At the heart of their result is a geometric statement about sets of points that satisfy triangle inequalities, which also underlies subsequent work on approximation algorithms and geometric embeddings. In this note, we give an equivalent formulation of the Structure theorem in [ARV] in terms of the expansion of large sets in geometric graphs ...

  12. A vanilla Rao--Blackwellization of Metropolis--Hastings algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Douc, Randal; 10.1214/10-AOS838

    2011-01-01

    Casella and Robert [Biometrika 83 (1996) 81--94] presented a general Rao--Blackwellization principle for accept-reject and Metropolis--Hastings schemes that leads to significant decreases in the variance of the resulting estimators, but at a high cost in computation and storage. Adopting a completely different perspective, we introduce instead a universal scheme that guarantees variance reductions in all Metropolis--Hastings-based estimators while keeping the computation cost under control. We establish a central limit theorem for the improved estimators and illustrate their performances on toy examples and on a probit model estimation.

  13. The Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filter: A Filter Bank Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karlsson Rickard

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available For computational efficiency, it is important to utilize model structure in particle filtering. One of the most important cases occurs when there exists a linear Gaussian substructure, which can be efficiently handled by Kalman filters. This is the standard formulation of the Rao-Blackwellized particle filter (RBPF. This contribution suggests an alternative formulation of this well-known result that facilitates reuse of standard filtering components and which is also suitable for object-oriented programming. Our RBPF formulation can be seen as a Kalman filter bank with stochastic branching and pruning.

  14. The Hartshorne-Rao module of curves on rational normal scrolls

    OpenAIRE

    Roberta Di Gennaro

    2000-01-01

    We study the Hartshorne-Rao module of curves lying on a rational normal scroll S_e of invariant e ≥ 0 in P^{e+3} .We calculate the Rao function, we characterize the aCM curves on S_e .Finally, we give an algorithm to check if a curve is aC M or not and, inthe second case, to calculate the Rao function.

  15. The Hartshorne-Rao module of curves on rational normal scrolls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Di Gennaro

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available We study the Hartshorne-Rao module of curves lying on a rational normal scroll S_e of invariant e ≥ 0 in P^{e+3} .We calculate the Rao function, we characterize the aCM curves on S_e .Finally, we give an algorithm to check if a curve is aC M or not and, inthe second case, to calculate the Rao function.

  16. AIP-Primeca RAO Remote Laboratories in Automation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascale Coquard

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available During last decade, Internet and related webtechnology development enabled the arising of e-learningservices and made distant learning a reality. As traditionalface to face classroom became virtual classroom throughInternet, traditional laboratories found their image inElectronic Laboratories (ELABs. These ones enablelearners to train themselves on remote real or virtualsystems. They represent essential components in e-learningenvironments, especially in scientific and technicaldisciplines.In this context, AIP-Primeca RAO is a pool of resources andcompetencies about industrial topics for many universitiesin Rhône-Alpes french Region. Due to the constraintsinherent in using heavy and shared industrial resources,AIP is setting up new laboratories related to automation asboth local and distant resources. After recalling the globalcontext of e-laboratories, this paper describes this platform.It evokes first returns of use and it details evolutions tocome.

  17. 78 FR 51729 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH) In accordance with section 10(a) (2) of the...://www.cdc.gov/niosh/bsc/ ) or call (202) 245-0625 or (202) 245-0626 for building access information.../niosh/bsc/ ). Contact Person for More Information: John Decker, Executive Secretary, BSC, NIOSH,...

  18. 78 FR 15369 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-11

    ... Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal....m. (BSC, OPHPR meeting) April 3, 2013 8:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. (Joint meeting of the BSC, OPHPR and the... . Matters To Be Discussed: Agenda items for this meeting include: (1) Briefings and BSC deliberation on...

  19. Stochastic processes and functional analysis a volume of recent advances in honor of M. M. Rao

    CERN Document Server

    Krinik, Alan C

    2004-01-01

    This extraordinary compilation is an expansion of the recent American Mathematical Society Special Session celebrating M. M. Rao's distinguished career and includes most of the presented papers as well as ancillary contributions from session invitees. This book shows the effectiveness of abstract analysis for solving fundamental problems of stochastic theory, specifically the use of functional analytic methods for elucidating stochastic processes, as made manifest in M. M. Rao's prolific research achievements. Featuring a biography of M. M. Rao, a complete bibliography of his published works,

  20. Extension and generalization inequalities involving the Khatri-Rao product of several positive matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al Zhour Zeyad Abdel Aziz

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, there have been many authors, who established a number of inequalities involving Khatri-Rao and Hadamard products of two positive matrices. In this paper, the results are established in the following three ways. First, we find generalization of the inequalities involving Khatri-Rao product using results given by Liu (1999, Mond and Pečarić (1997, Cao et al. (2002, Chollet (1997, and Visick (2000. Second, we recover and develop some results of Visick. Third, the results are extended to the case of Khatri-Rao product of any finite number of matrices. These results lead to inequalities involving Hadamard product, as a special case.

  1. CMB likelihood approximation by a Gaussianized Blackwell-Rao estimator

    CERN Document Server

    Rudjord, Ø; Eriksen, H K; Huey, Greg; Górski, K M; Jewell, J B

    2008-01-01

    We introduce a new CMB temperature likelihood approximation called the Gaussianized Blackwell-Rao (GBR) estimator. This estimator is derived by transforming the observed marginal power spectrum distributions obtained by the CMB Gibbs sampler into standard univariate Gaussians, and then approximate their joint transformed distribution by a multivariate Gaussian. The method is exact for full-sky coverage and uniform noise, and an excellent approximation for sky cuts and scanning patterns relevant for modern satellite experiments such as WMAP and Planck. A single evaluation of this estimator between l=2 and 200 takes ~0.2 CPU milliseconds, while for comparison, a single pixel space likelihood evaluation between l=2 and 30 for a map with ~2500 pixels requires ~20 seconds. We apply this tool to the 5-year WMAP temperature data, and re-estimate the angular temperature power spectrum, $C_{\\ell}$, and likelihood, L(C_l), for l<=200, and derive new cosmological parameters for the standard six-parameter LambdaCDM mo...

  2. BSC Modelling for ACAFE's Universities system Modelando o BSC para as Universidades do Sistema ACAFE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Portugal Ferreira

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Schools that perform graduation courses are facing increased competition and many have find the need of a more competitive and strategic vision. This study describes a Balanced Scorecard example of typical implementation for educational institutions. The case study describes in details the implemention as performed in ACAFE system, a Santa Catarina's network of educational institutions.As Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES, percebendo o acirramento da concorrência, reconhecem a importância de repensar sua forma de gestão, buscando uma visão mais competitiva e continuada. Assim, com o objetivo de contribuir para a gestão estratégica dessas instituições, especificamente as pertencentes ao sistema ACAFE, foi utilizada neste estudo a ferramenta de gestão Balanced Scorecard (BSC. Algumas etapas foram necessárias à sua adequação às universidades fundacionais catarinenses. Apresentaram-se e identificaram-se algumas características existentes no ambiente das universidades fundacionais catarinenses e suas peculiaridades em relação a outras organizações que não integram esse setor; realizaram-se os ajustes necessários à ferramenta Balanced Scorecard às universidades do sistema ACAFE; bem como a proposta da ferramenta auxiliar denominado mapa estratégico. Por último demonstrou-se a possibilidade de se desenvolver e utilizar o BSC acadêmico institucional como forma de integrar mais de um campus a gestão focada na estratégia.

  3. 75 FR 39265 - Request for Nominations of Candidates To Serve on the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... Serve on the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Environmental Health/ Agency for... membership on the BSC. The BSC, NCEH/ATSDR provides advice and guidance to the Secretary, HHS; the...

  4. 75 FR 53705 - Request for Nominations of Candidates To Serve on the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... Serve on the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Environmental Health/ Agency for... membership on the BSC. The BSC, NCEH/ATSDR provides advice and guidance to the Secretary, HHS; the...

  5. Evaluation of university performance using BSC and ANP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Atafar

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Measuring the relative performance of universities play important role on better educational planning. During the past few years, balanced scorecard (BSC has become popular among researchers as a technique for measuring the performance of business units. This method studies a particular firm in terms of four different perspectives including internal processes, learning and growth, customer and financial figures. One primary concern on using such method is that this method does not consider the relative importance of these components. In this paper, we present a hybrid of BSC with analytical network process to measure the relative performance of an educational unit in Iran.

  6. 76 FR 28790 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... dictate. Contact Person for More Information: Roger Rosa, Executive Secretary, BSC, NIOSH, CDC, 395...

  7. 76 FR 76416 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...-mail: OPHPR.BSC.Questions@cdc.gov . The Director, Management Analysis and Services Office, has...

  8. 76 FR 24031 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-29

    ... Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub... to the public, limited only by the space available. Purpose: The BSC, OID, provides advice...

  9. 76 FR 67192 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-31

    ... Center for Injury Prevention and Control (BSC, NCIPC) In accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal.... Matters To Be Discussed: The BSC, NCIPC will discuss the recommendations provided by the expert panel...

  10. 75 FR 69687 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases, (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-15

    ... Infectious Diseases, (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act... 30333. Status: Open to the public, limited only by the space available. Purpose: The BSC, OID,...

  11. 76 FR 7217 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... Center for Injury Prevention and Control (BSC, NCIPC) In accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... research and control activities related to injury. Matters to be Discussed: The BSC, NCIPC will discuss...

  12. 76 FR 65729 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... Federal Officer, BSC, NIOSH, CDC, 395 E Street, SW., Suite 9200, Patriots Plaza Building, Washington,...

  13. 75 FR 66772 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub... 8481618. Purpose: The BSC, OID, shall advise the Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services;...

  14. 77 FR 47850 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-10

    ... Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... More Information: Roger Rosa, Ph.D., Designated Federal Officer, BSC, NIOSH, CDC, 395 E Street...

  15. 78 FR 13678 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ... Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) Notice of Cancellation: A notice was published in the Federal Register on February 19, 2013, Volume 78, Number 33, page 11651, announcing a teleconference of the BSC, OID on...

  16. 75 FR 7283 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, (BSC, CCID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-18

    ... Center for Infectious Diseases, (BSC, CCID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory... 9887280. Purpose: The BSC, CCID shall advise the Secretary, HHS, and the Director, CDC...

  17. 78 FR 69683 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ... Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub... available. Purpose: The BSC, OID, provides advice and guidance to the Secretary, Department of Health and... reports from the BSC OID working groups, brief updates on activities of the infectious disease...

  18. 77 FR 58847 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... Center for Injury Prevention and Control (BSC, NCIPC) In accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... research and control activities related to injury. Matters To Be Discussed: The BSC, NCIPC will discuss the... to the BSC. There will be 15 minutes allotted for public comments at the end of the open...

  19. 78 FR 11651 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub... passcode of 6420598. Purpose: The BSC, OID, provides advice and guidance to the Secretary, Department of... group under the BSC, OID. The agenda and any supplemental material will be available at...

  20. 78 FR 17411 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    ... Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub... pass code of 6420598. Purpose: The BSC, OID, provides advice and guidance to the Secretary, Department... laboratory working group under the BSC, OID. The agenda and any supplemental material will be available...

  1. 76 FR 53474 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-26

    ... Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance with section 10 (a)(2) of the Federal... Person for More Information: Matthew Jennings, OPHPR BSC Coordinator, CDC, 1600 Clifton Rd NE., Mailstop....BSC.Questions@cdc.gov . The Director, Management Analysis and Services Office, has been delegated...

  2. 77 FR 67651 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-13

    ... Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub... meeting is open to the public, limited only by the space available. Purpose: The BSC, OID, provides advice... national centers. Matters To Be Discussed: The meeting will include reports from the BSC OID working...

  3. 78 FR 21370 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub... meeting is open to the public, limited only by the space available. Purpose: The BSC, OID provides advice... national centers. Matters To Be Discussed: The meeting will include reports from the BSC, OID...

  4. 77 FR 21778 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-11

    ... Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub... the public, limited only by the space available. PURPOSE: The BSC, OID, provides advice and guidance... centers. MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED: The meeting will include reports from the BSC OID working groups,...

  5. 75 FR 42448 - Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), Coordinating Center for Health Promotion (CCHP): Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-21

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC... Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the BSC, CCHP, has amended their charter to reflect the change in the name of the board to the BSC, National Center on Birth Defects...

  6. 76 FR 63926 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-14

    ... Infectious Diseases (BSC, OID) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub... to the public, limited only by the space available. Purpose: The BSC, OID, provides advice and... infectious disease national centers, a report from the OID/BSC Food Safety Modernization Act working...

  7. 78 FR 56235 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, (BSC, OPHPR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-12

    ... Public Health Preparedness and Response, (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... this 2-day meeting include: (1) Briefings and BSC deliberation on the following topics: Program... OPHPR BSC; program response to recommendations made in the peer review of the Career Epidemiology...

  8. 78 FR 64505 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-29

    ... Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC) In accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... and Control. Matters to be Discussed: The BSC, NCIPC will discuss the recommendations provided by the... strategies needed to guide the Center's focus. The BSC members will also discuss potential topics for...

  9. Endline report – Liberia, BSC MFS II country evaluations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gotomo, S.; Peters, B.; Kusters, C.S.L.; Peabody, S.; Washington Gopeya, M.

    2015-01-01

    This report presents the findings of the endline of the evaluation of the organisational capacity component of the MFS II country evaluations. The focus of this report is Liberia, BSC. The format is based on the requirements by the synthesis team and NWO/WOTRO. The endline was carried out in 2014. T

  10. Growth and characterisation of benzaldehyde semicarbazone (BSC) single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramesh Babu, R.; Vijayan, N.; Gopalakrishnan, R.; Ramasamy, P.

    2002-05-01

    Single crystals of potential organic nonlinear optical materials of Benzaldehyde Semicarbazone (BSC) were grown by slow evaporation technique. The grown crystals were identified by X-ray diffraction method. The functional groups were identified from FT-IR spectrum. UV-visible and thermal gravimetric analyses were made.

  11. "It isn't just consultants that need a BSc": student experiences of an Intercalated BSc in primary health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, M; Singh, S; Lloyd, M

    2005-03-01

    More medical schools are moving towards a compulsory intercalated BSc. These courses have not traditionally been aimed at those students interested in general practice and have tended to have limited clinical relevance. This paper explores the perceptions of students who undertook a BSc in primary health care using qualitative methodology comprising semi-structured interviews with students just before completion of their course. Interviews were undertaken with 24 of the 26 students who started the course over a 4-year period. All the students have finished the course and have graduated with good honours degrees. Students refine existing skills and develop new, relevant skills for medicine. The students discussed the prestige (or lack) of a BSc in this field and how the course has impacted on their career decisions. A Primary Health Care BSc such as this appears to give students an in depth and to some, a positive view of general practice and primary care. The course allowed students to develop a more critical approach to medicine and enabled them to develop skills in addition to those acquired from their undergraduate medicine course. They perceived that these skills will serve them throughout their career in whatever branch of medicine they choose.

  12. Posterior Cramer-Rao lower bounds for multitarget bearings-only tracking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Usually, only the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) of single target is taken into consideration in the state estimate of passive tracking systems. As for the case of multitarget, there are few works done due to its complexity. The recursion formula of the posterior Cramer-Rao lower bound (PCRLB) in multitarget bearings-only tracking with the three kinds of data association is presented. Meanwhile, computer simulation is carried out for data association. The final result shows that the accuracy probability of data association has an important impact on the PCRLB.

  13. Cosine directions using Rao-Blackwell Theorem and Hausdorff metric in Quasars

    CERN Document Server

    Bell, Byron E

    2015-01-01

    This analysis will determine the equations of the cosine directions for all flux of the optical spectrum in quasars. Studies on Hausdorff metric will greatly enhance our understanding of quasars distances. This study will complete steps in the classification of quasars by finding the minimum variance of flux by using the RaoBlackwell Theorem. The papers of C. R. Rao and D. Blackwell will be examined to clarify more of the above theorem. Keywords: Theory of Flux, SDSS, Quasars, Redshift (z), Population Perimeters, Regression Analysis

  14. An empirical study to analyze CRM strategy using BSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Safari Kahreh

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In the new marketing paradigm that is based on the relationship marketing, corporations and organizations look for retaining and enhancing the long run relationships with their customers. Customer relationship management (CRM as a heart of the new marketing paradigm includes numbers of mechanisms that endeavor to manage sustainable and profitable long-term relations with valuable customers. Every year, there are many programs and resources dedicated for marketing strategy and planning. Evaluation of these endeavors especially the CRM strategy is much important. Hence, the primary purpose of this research is to analyze CRM using balanced scorecard as a valuable strategic tool. Required data was gathered from one of the biggest commercial banks of Iran and they were analyzed using BSC and statistical software packages. Results indicate that there is a meaningful relationship between 3 main aspects of CRM strategy and 4 main aspects of BSC.

  15. A selection of AKARI FIS BSC extragalactic objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marton, G.; Tóth, L. V.; Balázs, L. G.; Zahorecz, S.; Bagoly, Z.; Horváth, I.; Rácz, I. I.; Nagy, A.

    The point sources in the Bright Source Catalogue (BSC) of the AKARI Far-Infrared Surveyor (FIS) were classified based on their far-IR and mid-IR fluxes and colours using Quadratic Discriminant Analysis method (QDA) and Support Vector Machines (SVM). The reliability of our results show that we can successfully separate galactic and extragalactic AKARI point sources in the multidimensional space of fluxes and colours. However, differentiating among the extragalactic sub-types needs further information.

  16. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the French version of the Rheumatoid and Arthritis Outcome Score (RAOS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duval, Aurelie; Maillefert, Jean Francis; Gossec, Laure;

    2010-01-01

    The Rheumatoid and Arthritis Outcome Score (RAOS) was recently developed to evaluate functional disability and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients suffering from lower limb symptoms. The aims of this study were to cross-culturally adapt the RAOS into French and to assess its...

  17. Computing the Feng-Rao distances for codes from order domains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruano Benito, Diego

    2007-01-01

    We compute the Feng–Rao distance of a code coming from an order domain with a simplicial value semigroup. The main tool is the Apéry set of a semigroup that can be computed using a Gröbner basis....

  18. Wideband DOA Estimation via Sparse Bayesian Learning over a Khatri-Rao Dictionary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yujian Pan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the wideband direction-of-arrival (DOA estimation by exploiting the multiple measurement vectors (MMV based sparse Bayesian learning (SBL framework. First, the array covariance matrices at different frequency bins are focused to the reference frequency by the conventional focusing technique and then transformed into the vector form. Then a matrix called the Khatri-Rao dictionary is constructed by using the Khatri-Rao product and the multiple focused array covariance vectors are set as the new observations. DOA estimation is to find the sparsest representations of the new observations over the Khatri-Rao dictionary via SBL. The performance of the proposed method is compared with other well-known focusing based wideband algorithms and the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB. The results show that it achieves higher resolution and accuracy and can reach the CRLB under relative demanding conditions. Moreover, the method imposes no restriction on the pattern of signal power spectral density and due to the increased number of rows of the dictionary, it can resolve more sources than sensors.

  19. Using Cramer-Rao theory as spectrometer design tool aimed at quantitative complex-spectrum analysisa)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klinkhamer, J. F. F.; van der Valk, N. C. J.; von Hellermann, M. G.; Jaspers, R.

    2008-10-01

    In this paper the use of the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) to aid in the design of diagnostic systems dealing with complex spectra is discussed. Specifically it is discussed how a priori knowledge, used to improve the estimation, can be included in the CRLB analysis. This provides improved predictions for the spectrometer characteristics that will lead to an optimal system.

  20. Medical and radiological aspects of emergency preparedness and response at SevRAO facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regulatory cooperation between the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority and the Federal Medical Biological Agency (FMBA) of the Russian Federation has the overall goal of promoting improvements in radiation protection in Northwest Russia. One of the projects in this programme has the objectives to review and improve the existing medical emergency preparedness capabilities at the sites for temporary storage of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste. These are operated by SevRAO at Andreeva Bay and in Gremikha village on the Kola Peninsula. The work is also intended to provide a better basis for regulation of emergency response and medical emergency preparedness at similar facilities elsewhere in Russia. The purpose of this paper is to present the main results of that project, implemented by the Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Centre. The first task was an analysis of the regulatory requirements and the current state of preparedness for medical emergency response at the SevRAO facilities. Although Russian regulatory documents are mostly consistent with international recommendations, some distinctions lead to numerical differences in operational intervention criteria under otherwise similar conditions. Radiological threats relating to possible accidents, and related gaps in the regulation of SevRAO facilities, were also identified. As part of the project, a special exercise on emergency medical response on-site at Andreeva Bay was prepared and carried out, and recommendations were proposed after the exercise. Following fruitful dialogue among regulators, designers and operators, special regulatory guidance has been issued by FMBA to account for the specific and unusual features of the SevRAO facilities. Detailed sections relate to the prevention of accidents, and emergency preparedness and response, supplementing the basic Russian regulatory requirements. Overall it is concluded that (a) the provision of medical and sanitary components of emergency

  1. Using Balanced Scorecard (BSC) approach to improve ergonomics programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Marcelo Vicente Forestieri

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to propose foundations for a theory of using the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) methodology to improve the strategic view of ergonomics inside the organizations. This approach may help to promote a better understanding of investing on an ergonomic program to obtain good results in quality and production, as well as health maintenance. It is explained the basics of balanced scorecard, and how ergonomists could use this to work with strategic enterprises demand. Implications of this viewpoint for the development of a new methodology for ergonomics strategy views are offered. PMID:22317682

  2. Using Balanced Scorecard (BSC) approach to improve ergonomics programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Marcelo Vicente Forestieri

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to propose foundations for a theory of using the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) methodology to improve the strategic view of ergonomics inside the organizations. This approach may help to promote a better understanding of investing on an ergonomic program to obtain good results in quality and production, as well as health maintenance. It is explained the basics of balanced scorecard, and how ergonomists could use this to work with strategic enterprises demand. Implications of this viewpoint for the development of a new methodology for ergonomics strategy views are offered.

  3. Approaching the Cramer-Rao Bound in Weak Lensing with PDF Symmetrization

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Jun

    2016-01-01

    Weak lensing statistics is typically measured as weighted sum of shear estimators or their products (shear-shear correlation). The weighting schemes are designed in the hope of minimizing the statistical error without introducing systematic errors. It would be ideal to approach the Cramer-Rao bound (the lower bound of the statistical uncertainty) in shear statistics, though it is generally difficult to do so in practice. The reasons may include: difficulties in galaxy shape measurement, inaccurate knowledge of the probability-distribution-function (PDF) of the shear estimator, misidentification of point sources as galaxies, etc.. Using the shear estimators defined in Zhang et al. (2015), we show that one can overcome all these problems, and allow shear measurement accuracy to approach the Cramer-Rao bound. This can be achieved by symmetrizing the PDF of the shear estimator, or the joint PDF of shear estimator pairs (for shear-shear correlation), without any prior knowledge of the PDF. Using simulated galaxy i...

  4. The Marginal Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filter for Mixed Linear/Nonlinear State Space Models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yin Jianjun; Zhang Jianqiu; Mike Klaas

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, the marginal Rao-Blackwellized particle filter (MRBPF), which fuses the Rao-Blackwellized particle filter (RBPF)algorithm and the marginal particle filter (MPF) algorithm, is presented. The state space is divided into linear and non-linear parts, which can be estimated separately by the MPF and the optional Kalman filter. Through simulation in the terrain aided navigation (TAN) domain, it is demonstrated that, compared with the RBPF, the root mean square errors (RMSE) and the error variance of the nonlinear state estimations by the proposed MRBPF are respectively reduced by 29% and 96%, while the unique particle count is increased by 80%. It is also found that the MRBPF has better convergence properties, and analysis has shown that the existing RBPF is nothing more than a special case of the MRBPF.

  5. Posterior Cramer-Rao lower bounds for bearing-only tracking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    In the state estimation of passive tracking systems,the traditional approximate expression for the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) does not take two factors into consideration,that is,measurement origin uncertainty and state noise.Such treatment is only valid in ideal situation but it is not feasible in actual situation.In this article,considering the two factors,the posterior Cramer-Rao lower bound (PCRLB) recursion expression for the error of bearing-only tracking is derived.Then,further analysis is carried out on the PCRLB.According to the final result,there are four main parameters that play a role in the performance of the PCRLB,that is,measurement noise,detection probability,state noise and clutter density,amongst which the first two have greater impact on the performance of the PCRLB than the others.

  6. Cramér-Rao Bounds and Estimation Algorithms for Delay/Doppler and Conventional Altimetry

    OpenAIRE

    Halimi, Abderrahim; Mailhes, Corinne; Tourneret, J. -Y.

    2013-01-01

    International audience Delay/Doppler radar altimetry has been receiving an increasing interest, especially since the launch of the first altimeter in 2010. It aims at reducing the measurement noise and increasing the along-track resolution in comparison with conventional pulse limited altimetry. A semi-analytical model was recently introduced for this new generation of delay/Doppler altimeters. The first contribution of this paper is the derivation of the Cramér-Rao bounds (CRBs) associat...

  7. LOCAL INFLUENCE ASSESSMENT IN A MULTIVARIATE t-MODEL WITH RAO'S SIMPLE STRUCTURE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zou Qingming; Zhang Huaixiong

    2005-01-01

    The local influence analysis is an important problem in statistical inference and some models have been discussed in many literatures[1- 5]. This paper deals with the problem of assessing local influences in a multivariate t-model with Rao's simple structure(RSS). Based on Cook's likelihood displacement, the effects of some minor perturbation on the statistical inference is assessed. As an application, a common covariance-weighted perturbation is thoroughly discussed.

  8. Design and construction of demineralized water production and maintenance system for RA-O nuclear reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The normal operation of zero power RA-O Nuclear Reactor requires a production and maintenance of demineralized water system. This system was designed and built-up during the works for actualization, upgrading and new start up at Cordoba National University of this facility. This paper comments the relevant aspects about the didactical purpose of that system and the details considered for training and practices with it. Similarly, considerations about solids wastes and effluents treatment are discussed. (Author)

  9. Introducing a "Balance" in The BSC Through Beauty and Love

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Kamayanti

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Celebrating the seventeenth anniversary of the Balanced Score Card (BSC since it was born in 1992, this paper revisits its concept as one of the landmarks in performance measurement. The BSC turns out to be ‘not so balanced’ since it lacks certain beauty and love. It hinges on accountability for certain interests when measuring performance, negating or putting other interests as minority. Thus, it fits perfectly with the aim of management accounting that puts managers and customers as priorities. The imbalances comes from secularism and overemphasis in rationalism. Sustainability that becomes the current issue nowadays would not be supported by such performance measurement. In order to insert this balance, a methodology by taking a methapor of nurturing mother is applied in this research that encompasses gentle beauty and subtle love. Gentle beauty refers to a complete harmony of beauty : irrational and the rational; this means introducing those that have been left out in the name of rationality such as religions and spiritualism. Subtle love refers to love towards God that is expressed subtly without lust to overpower. The result is a more balanced set of performance measurements that are filled with beauty and love, insyaAllah.

  10. Rao Quan Feasibility Study - Phase 1: Toxic Substances and Contamination (Final Report)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berge, Dag; Knutzen, Jon

    1997-12-31

    Due to wartime activity in the Khe Sanh area, it was expected that damming of the river Rao Quan could wash out diffuse pollutants from the ground and from possible military dump sites. As discussed in this report, the rivers Rao Quan, Khe Nghi and Quang Tri contain relatively soft water. The buffer capacity against acidification is good. The sulphate concentration is low. The water will not be aggressive against concrete. The maximum particulate content in the wet season is low. The nutrient content of the rivers is relatively low. The phosphorus content correlated well with the turbidity, which indicates that the phosphorus is bound to particles. Khe Nghi has significantly higher nitrogen content than the other rivers, which may indicate some slight impact from animal husbandry. However, there was no eutrophication. The content of heavy metals is low and indicates no pollution from the military activities in the area. The water is well suited for irrigation. There was no indication from the analysed fish , the river sediments from Rao Quan or the top soil of the rice fields of any significant dioxin contamination. The content was similar to normal back ground levels caused by diffuse atmospheric fallout. The herbicide Agent Orange in 1962-1975 was applied mostly in the southernmost part of the country and contamination from it in the Quang Tri Province is not expected. 13 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

  11. First report of Dicopus longipes (Subba Rao (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea from India with new distribution data on some species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Rameshkumar

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Dicopus longipes (Subba Rao (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Mymaridae is recorded from India for the first time. New additional distribution records of Mymaridae from the southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala are documented.

  12. 77 FR 20823 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-06

    ... Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal... include: (1) Briefings and BSC deliberation on the following topics: CDC Laboratory Preparedness; OPHPR... Management Team; Estimating the Cost of Preparedness; (2) Programmatic responses to...

  13. 76 FR 18221 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance with section 10 (a) (2) of the Federal... Conference. Please contact the BSC Coordinator (see Contact Person for More Information) to obtain further... Address. For foreign nationals or non-U.S. citizens, pre-approval is required. Please contact the...

  14. 76 FR 76416 - Request for Nominations of Candidates To Serve on the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... on the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), Office of Infectious Diseases (OID) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is soliciting nominations for possible membership on the BSC,...

  15. 78 FR 40744 - Request for Nominations of Candidates To Serve on the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-08

    ... on the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), Office of Infectious Diseases (OID) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is soliciting nominations for possible membership on the BSC,...

  16. Rao-Blackwellised粒子滤波SLAM的一致性研究%Consistency of Simultaneous Localization and Map Building (SLAM)with Rao-Blackwellised Particle Filter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭剑辉; 赵春霞; 陆建峰; 康亮

    2008-01-01

    Rao-Blackwellised粒子滤波SLAM (RBPF SLAM)算法的复杂度与特征个数呈线性关系,对于大规模SLAM有明显的计算优势,但是该算法不能长时间满足一致性要求,必须进行改进.采用归一化估计方差NEES对算法的一致性进行了分析,得出粒子耗尽是造成算法不一致的原因,并分别采用辅助粒子滤波及正则粒子滤波对算法进行改进,以得到一致的RBPF SLAM.最后,通过大量的Monte-Carlo仿真实验,验证了方法的有效性.

  17. 75 FR 25870 - Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National... accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), CDC and BSC, NCEH... being; and (3) train State and local personnel in health work. The BSC, NCEH/ATSDR provides advice...

  18. 75 FR 60762 - Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES (HHS) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC... in health work. The BSC, NCEH/ATSDR provides advice and guidance to the Secretary, HHS; the Director... America's health. Matters to be Discussed: The agenda items for the BSC Meeting on October 21-22,...

  19. 多视角几何Rao-Blackwellised SLAM算法%SLAM method with multiple vision geometric and Rao-Blackwellised particle filtering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    弋英民; 黄莹

    2015-01-01

    Low price sensor and high precise localization is a hot research issue. In this paper, only single camera is used to catch multiple images. The relation between images is gotten by factorization method. From the multiple geometric calculating, the deep on the environments is gotten. The robot simultaneous localization and mapping is performed iteratively by the Rao-Blackwellisated filter. The observation model is approximated with first-order Taylor. The experiments are performed with MT-R robot plant. The results show that the localization precise of robot with only single camera is more than the classic method.%低成本传感器、高精度定位是机器人同步定位与地图构建的热点研究问题。采用单视觉传感器来获取多个图像视觉信息,通过因式分解求解多幅图像的空间关系;利用多视角几何理论获得环境深度信息。机器人的同步定位与地图构建是通过对观测模型进行一阶泰勒近似,以及Rao-Blackwellised粒子滤波迭代进行的。在MT-R移动机器人研究平台进行实验,实验结果表明所提出的方法在定位精度指标优于经典的EKF-SLAM方法,并且只需要单个摄像头。

  20. Balanced Score Card (BSC sebagai Alternatif Pengukuran Kinerja Lembaga Pendidikan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Julaiha

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Educational institutions can function well if the its performance can be measured clearly. Educational institutions should be empowered towards optimal empowerment, by developing schools with strategic planning, a vision and mission, an independent school, empowering the community by many efforts to increase the role and participation of the community through school committees. To make schools as an education institution in high quality, it needs to be evaluated and controlled. The School achieved can be said that the institution is measurable. One alternative is offered in measuring the performance of schools is known by the Balanced Scorecard (BSC. Balanced Scorecard was introduced by Robert Kaplan and David Norton by understanding the school's mission and strategy into objectives and measures, which are arranged in four perspectives, namely financial perspective, customer perspective, internal business perspective and the perspective of learning.

  1. A hybrid TOPSIS-BSC method for strategic planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Shojaee

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available For years, tangible assets used to be the most important precious wealth of organizations. However, the recent advances in technology has changed this concept and today, intangible assets such as human resources, customers, processes are playing essential roles on making strategies. In this paper, we present a study to setup appropriate strategies using the implementation of balanced score card in four perspectives of customers, processes, learning and financial. The proposed study of this paper gathers important factors through three different brainstorming sessions and prioritize them using TOPSIS method. Based on the results of MCDM technique, selecting appropriate target market for penetration is the number one priority followed by having good accounting system and preparing for more diversified production. These are the most important items influencing strategic planning. Therefore, the study uses BSC for the first two important strategies and discusses possible actions for productivity improvement.

  2. Gemcitabine plus best supportive care (BSC) vs BSC in inoperable non-small cell lung cancer--a randomized trial with quality of life as the primary outcome. UK NSCLC Gemcitabine Group. Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, H; Hopwood, P; Stephens, R J; Thatcher, N; Cottier, B; Nicholson, M; Milroy, R; Maughan, T S; Falk, S J; Bond, M G; Burt, P A; Connolly, C K; McIllmurray, M B; Carmichael, J

    2000-08-01

    Three hundred patients with symptomatic, locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC not requiring immediate radiotherapy were enrolled into this randomized multicentre trial comparing gemcitabine + BSC vs BSC alone. Patients allocated gemcitabine received 1000 mg/m2 on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle, for a maximum of six cycles. The main aim of this trial was to compare patient assessment of a predefined subset of commonly reported symptoms (SS14) from the EORTC QLQ-C30 and LC13 scales. The primary end-points were defined as (1) the percentage change in mean SS14 score between baseline and 2 months and (2) the proportion of patients with a marked (> or = 25%) improvement in SS14 score between baseline and 2 months sustained for > or =4 weeks. The secondary objectives were to compare treatments with respect to overall survival, and multidimensional QL parameters. The treatment groups were balanced with regard to age, gender, Karnofsky performance status (KPS) and disease stage (40% had metastatic disease). The percentage change in mean SS14 score from baseline to 2 months was a 10% decrease (i.e. improvement) for gemcitabine plus BSC and a 1% increase (i.e. deterioration) for BSC alone (P = 0.113, two-sample t-test). A sustained (> or = 4 weeks) improvement (> or =25%) on SS14 was recorded in a significantly higher proportion of gemcitabine + BSC patients (22%) than in BSC alone patients (9%) (P = 0.0014, Pearson's chi-squared test). The QLQ-C30 and L13 subscales showed greater improvement in the gemcitabine plus BSC arm (in 11 domains) than in the BSC arm (one symptom item). There was greater deterioration in the BSC alone arm (six domains/items) than in the gemcitabine + BSC arm (three QL domains). Tumour response occurred in 19% (95% CI 13-27) of gemcitabine patients. There was no difference in overall survival: median 5.7 months (95% CI 4.6-7.6) for gemcitabine + BSC patients and 5.9 months (95% CI 5.0-7.9) (log-rank, P = 0.84) for BSC patients, and 1 -year

  3. CRAMER-RAO BOUNDS FOR PARAMETER ESTIMATION OF PHASE-CODING SIGNALS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Chunlin; Jiang Wengli; Zhou Yiyu

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, Cramer-Rao Bound (CRB) is derived from phase-coding signal with additive white noise, where three important parameters are focused on: carrier frequency, chip width and amplitude. Simplified and close form expressions of CRB are obtained through complicated derivation, and then are applied to evaluate the performance of the cyclic estimator.The results are accurate enough and serve well as benchmark for evaluating the performance of parameter estimation method. Numerical simulations illustrate the accuracy and applicability of the derived CRB.

  4. Detection of image structures using the Fisher information and the Rao metric.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maybank, Stephen J

    2004-12-01

    In many detection problems, the structures to be detected are parameterized by the points of a parameter space. If the conditional probability density function for the measurements is known, then detection can be achieved by sampling the parameter space at a finite number of points and checking each point to see if the corresponding structure is supported by the data. The number of samples and the distances between neighboring samples are calculated using the Rao metric on the parameter space. The Rao metric is obtained from the Fisher information which is, in turn, obtained from the conditional probability density function. An upper bound is obtained for the probability of a false detection. The calculations are simplified in the low noise case by making an asymptotic approximation to the Fisher information. An application to line detection is described. Expressions are obtained for the asymptotic approximation to the Fisher information, the volume of the parameter space, and the number of samples. The time complexity for line detection is estimated. An experimental comparison is made with a Hough transform-based method for detecting lines. PMID:15573819

  5. Do fast stellar centroiding methods saturate the Cram\\'{e}r-Rao lower bound?

    CERN Document Server

    Vakili, Mohammadjavad

    2016-01-01

    One of the most demanding tasks in astronomical image processing---in terms of precision---is the centroiding of stars. Upcoming large surveys are going to take images of billions of point sources, including many faint stars, with short exposure times. Real-time estimation of the centroids of stars is crucial for real-time PSF estimation, and maximal precision is required for measurements of proper motion. The fundamental Cram\\'{e}r-Rao lower bound sets a limit on the root-mean-squared-error achievable by optimal estimators. In this work, we aim to compare the performance of various centroiding methods, in terms of saturating the bound, when they are applied to relatively low signal-to-noise ratio unsaturated stars assuming zero-mean constant Gaussian noise. In order to make this comparison, we present the ratio of the root-mean-squared-errors of these estimators to their corresponding Cram\\'{e}r-Rao bound as a function of the signal-to-noise ratio and the full-width at half-maximum of faint stars. We discuss...

  6. Can lichen species of BSC acclimate to changing environments?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Laura; Colesie, Claudia; Büdel, Burkhard

    2015-04-01

    The Soil Crust INternational (SCIN) project aims to achieve improved appreciation of the importance and functioning of Biological Soil Crusts (BSC) in Europe. Four sites throughout Europe were identified for having important, yet diverse BSC communities: Gössenheim in Germany, Almeria in Spain, Öland in Sweden and Hochtor in Austria. These sites vary greatly in geographic and environmental conditions; and constitute, along with cyanobacteria, algae, bryophytes and fungi a host of green algal and cyanobacterial lichen species. Many of the lichen species occur in two-four locations, despite the climatic differences, and it has been observed that species are morphologically distinctive between sites. Lichens may be adapted to different environmental conditions by symbiosis with photobionts that are suited to the local conditions. Therefore, we may expect to find that a lichen species that can survive in diverse habitats to be less photobiont specific than species with a narrow range. In recent years it has been discovered that lichens can switch their photobiont throughout the course of their lives. Whether lichens can associate with an available photobiont and switch when a preferred photobiont becomes available is not conclusively known, or whether as habitats are affected by climate change, lichens will be able to switch to a new photobiont to survive changing conditions. A transplantation experiment of lichens between biomes was installed in each of the SCIN sites to investigate the potential of different lichen species to assimilate to a new environment. Where the same lichen species occurred in 2 or more locations samples were transplanted from their natural location to the foreign for a period of 2 years. Controls were also applied; this consisted of samples being transplanted within their own site to assess the effect of the transplantation itself. The photobionts of key species are sequenced to analyse diversity of photobiont interactions within/between the

  7. Should an iBSc in Management be compulsory for all UK medical students?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh B

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Bharpoor Singh,1 Natalie Ramjeeawon,2 Neil Shah,1 Shawmian Singagireson1 1Imperial College London, London, UK; 2University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UKThe UK medical school system has traditionally offered an intercalated science degree (iBSc to supplement their regular medical degree. However, in recent times with an increasing focus on leadership in the National Health Service (NHS, there has been a shift. More medical schools now offer the option to study an iBSc in Management.I have just spent a year completing an iBSc in Management at Imperial College Business School. Throughout the year I became more and more immersed in our intricate health care system, which is only really apparent to health care professionals whilst on the job. My question to the General Medical Council is – should an iBSc in Management be compulsory for all UK medical students?

  8. 78 FR 11651 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH) In accordance with section 10(a) (2) of the... priorities dictate. Contact Person for More Information: Roger Rosa, Ph.D., Designated Federal Officer,...

  9. BSC IP功能测试系统设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王弘

    2010-01-01

    随着通信网络的扩容、通信设备功能的日益复杂,基站控制器BSC系统功能测试出现了IP化的趋势,本论文对BSC IP功能测试系统展开了分析研究,首先简单介绍了BSC IP功能测试的基本原理,并在此基础上重点从IP功能测试框架和IP功能测试环境两个角度详细研究设计了BSC IP功能测试系统的实现方法,对于进一步提高BSC IP功能测试系统的研究与应用具有一定借鉴意义.

  10. BSC Final Report: Lessons Learned from Building America Participation; February 1995 - December 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hendron, Bob [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2004-04-01

    This report chronicles the how and why of the key BSC Building America outcomes. It is organized and put in the context of what the Building Science Consortium has learned from and with its building industry partners.

  11. Does undertaking an intercalated BSc influence first clinical year exam results at a London medical school?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jones Melvyn

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Intercalated BScs (iBScs are an optional part of the medical school curriculum in many Universities. Does undertaking an iBSc influence subsequent student performance? Previous studies addressing this question have been flawed by iBSc students being highly selected. This study looks at data from medical students where there is a compulsory iBSc for non-graduates. Our aim was to see whether there was any difference in performance between students who took an iBSc before or after their third year (first clinical year exams. Methods A multivariable analysis was performed to compare the third year results of students at one London medical school who had or had not completed their iBSc by the start of this year (n = 276. A general linear model was applied to adjust for differences between the two groups in terms of potential confounders (age, sex, nationality and baseline performance. Results The results of third year summative exams for 276 students were analysed (184 students with an iBSc and 92 without. Unadjusted analysis showed students who took an iBSc before their third year achieved significantly higher end of year marks than those who did not with a mean score difference of 4.4 (0.9 to 7.9 95% CI, p = 0.01. (overall mean score 238.4 "completed iBSc" students versus 234.0 "not completed", range 145.2 - 272.3 out of 300. There was however a significant difference between the two groups in their prior second year exam marks with those choosing to intercalate before their third year having higher marks. Adjusting for this, the difference in overall exam scores was no longer significant with a mean score difference of 1.4 (-4.9 to +7.7 95% CI, p = 0.66. (overall mean score 238.0 " completed iBSc" students versus 236.5 "not completed". Conclusions Once possible confounders are controlled for (age, sex, previous academic performance undertaking an iBSc does not influence third year exam results. One explanation for this

  12. 平方根容积Rao-Blackwillised粒子滤波SLAM算法%SLAM with Square-root Cubature Rao-Blackwillised Particle Filter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋宇; 李庆玲; 康轶非; 闫德立

    2014-01-01

    面向大尺度环境中的移动机器人同时定位与地图构建(Simultaneous localization and mapping,SLAM)问题,提出平方根容积Rao-Blackwillised粒子滤波SLAM算法.算法主要特点在于:1)采用容积律计算SLAM中的非线性函数高斯权重积分,达到减小SLAM非线性模型线性化误差、提高SLAM精度的目的;2)在SLAM中直接传播误差协方差矩阵的平方根因子,避免了耗费时间的协方差矩阵分解与重构过程,提高了SLAM计算效率.通过仿真、实验将提出的SLAM算法与FastSLAM2.0、UFastSLAM两种算法进行对比,结果表明本文算法在SLAM性能上优于另两者.

  13. MUESTREO DE RESPUESTA ALEATORIZADAS CON PROBABILIDADES DESIGUALES: EL ESTIMADOR DE RAO-HARTLEY-COCHRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor H. Soberanis Cruz1-, Jaime D. Cuevas Domínguez

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The technique of Randomized Response has been introduced to reduce the risk of evasive answer or no-response in survey samplings of sensitive issues to estimate the total of individuals with that sensitive characteristic. We also know that highly efficient strategies of estimation require strong auxiliary information. Hence, in this article we obtain and compare two estimators: The Rao-Hartley-Cochran (RHC estimator with Warner´s model and the RHC estimator with Greenberg´s model, both in a finite population setting.We will show via simulation that , the RHC -estimator in Warner´s model is less efficient than , the RHC -estimator in Greenberg’s modelK

  14. Cram\\'er-Rao Bound for Localization with A Priori Knowledge on Biased Range Measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Tao

    2011-01-01

    This paper derives a general expression for the Cram\\'er-Rao bound (CRB) of wireless localization algorithms using range measurements subject to bias corruption. Specifically, the a priori knowledge about which range measurements are biased, and the probability density functions (PDF) of the biases are assumed to be available. For each range measurement, the error due to estimating the time-of-arrival of the detected signal is modeled as a Gaussian distributed random variable with zero mean and known variance. In general, the derived CRB expression can be evaluated numerically. An approximate CRB expression is also derived when the bias PDF is very informative. Using these CRB expressions, we study the impact of the bias distribution on the mean square error (MSE) bound corresponding to the CRB. The analysis is corroborated by numerical experiments.

  15. On the Cramér-Rao bound of wideband direction of arrival estimation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Qiang; LIU Yun; LI Zhishun

    2007-01-01

    The Cramér-Rao bound (CRB) for wideband direction of arrival (DOA) estimates of multi-source impinging on a randomly distributed array is derived. The computational expressions for the elements of Fisher information matrix in arbitrary array are provided also.The derived CRB can be divided into two terms, one depends on signals' characteristics and the other depends on array geometry, and so an insight into theoretical performance of DOA estimation can be provided. The first term of CRB shows that the DOA estimation performance not only depends on SNR but also the signal bandwidth and spectral density, thus it can be found that better DOA estimation can be obtained for signals with more high frequency energies.The second term of CRB shows that DOA estimates vary with different array geometries and source angles. These properties provide us some useful tip to design an efficient signal and array configuration. Simulation results confirmed the results mentioned above.

  16. The Influence of Random Element Displacement on DOA Estimates Obtained with (Khatri–Rao-)Root-MUSIC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inghelbrecht, Veronique; Verhaevert, Jo; van Hecke, Tanja; Rogier, Hendrik

    2014-01-01

    Although a wide range of direction of arrival (DOA) estimation algorithms has been described for a diverse range of array configurations, no specific stochastic analysis framework has been established to assess the probability density function of the error on DOA estimates due to random errors in the array geometry. Therefore, we propose a stochastic collocation method that relies on a generalized polynomial chaos expansion to connect the statistical distribution of random position errors to the resulting distribution of the DOA estimates. We apply this technique to the conventional root-MUSIC and the Khatri-Rao-root-MUSIC methods. According to Monte-Carlo simulations, this novel approach yields a speedup by a factor of more than 100 in terms of CPU-time for a one-dimensional case and by a factor of 56 for a two-dimensional case. PMID:25393783

  17. From Indianness to Humanness: Raja Rao and the Politics of Truth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Mercanti

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – Raja Rao is not merely a metaphysical writer, as many scholars of the first Commonwealth generation depict him, but rather a much more complex one whose literary dimensions transcend the commonplace essentializing ‘Hinduness’ conveyed by many critics over three decades. I offer instead an amplification of Rao’s idea of India by framing his novels in a cross-cultural space which evolves during the course of his entire oeuvre on both philosophical and political levels. This dynamic ambivalence has its foremost predecessor in Mahatma Gandhi’s politico-spiritual legacy, Satyagraha (‘the force of Truth’ which becomes the centripetal and cohesive force of Raja Rao’s fiction.

  18. Dynamický BSC a strategické mapy jako nástroj firemní komunikace

    OpenAIRE

    Malá, Kateřina

    2013-01-01

    Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is one of the current methods of strategic management and planning. Unlike some methods are focused on non-financial measures, when their connection with financial indicators leads to more efficient management of business performance. Dynamic BSC is one of the modifications of the BSC method, which uses elements of system dynamics and system thinking, for its optimization. One of the elements that are used in conjunction with this method, the strategy maps, which is u...

  19. Relationship between quality of life and clinical outcomes in advanced non-small cell lung cancer: best supportive care (BSC) versus BSC plus chemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thongprasert, S; Sanguanmitra, P; Juthapan, W; Clinch, J

    1999-04-01

    In a prospective randomized study, 287 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) stage IIIb or IV with ECOG performance status (PS) 0-1 or 2 were randomly assigned to receive either best supportive care (BSC) or supportive care plus combination chemotherapy (IEP regimen: ifosfamide 3 gm/m2 IV with mesna uroprotection, epirubicin 60 mg/m2 IV on day 1 and cisplatin 60 mg/m2 IV on day 2; or MVP regimen: mitomycin-C 8 mg/m2, cisplatin 100 mg/m2 IV on day 1, vinblastine 4 mg/m2 IV on days 1 and 15). Serial assessment of Karnofsky performance status (KPS), modified Functional Living Index-Cancer (T-FLIC) and modified Quality of Life-Index (T-QLI) were used to estimate the quality of life. Interviews were done at entry, at the third month and at 2 months post complete treatment. At least two courses of chemotherapy were considered to be adequate for response evaluation. Patients were treated for a total of four to six courses or until progression of disease. Partial response rates were 40 and 41.7% in IEP and MVP arms. Median survival durations were 5.9 and 8.1 months for the IEP and MVP chemotherapy arms, and 4.1 months for BSC (log-rank test: P = 0.0003). One year survival was 13, 29.8 and 39.3% for the BSC, IEP and MVP regimens, respectively. Two years survival was 7.8, 6.4 and 13.1% for the BSC, IEP and MVP regimens, respectively. Improvement in quality of life (QOL) scores at the first, second and third interview were seen in chemotherapy arms only, not in the BSC arm. We conclude that combination chemotherapy improves the quality of life as well as prolonging the survival of patients with advanced NSCLC.

  20. Analysis of the Cramer-Rao lower uncertainty bound in the joint estimation of astrometry and photometry

    CERN Document Server

    Mendez, Rene A; Orsotica, Rodrigo; Lobos, Rodrigo

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we use the Cramer-Rao lower uncertainty bound to estimate the maximum precision that could be achieved on the joint simultaneous (or 2D) estimation of photometry and astrometry of a point source measured by a linear CCD detector array. We develop exact expressions for the Fisher matrix elements required to compute the Cramer-Rao bound in the case of a source with a Gaussian light profile. From these expressions we predict the behavior of the Cramer-Rao astrometric and photometric precision as a function of the signal and the noise of the observations, and compare them to actual observations - finding a good correspondence between them. We show that the astrometric Cramer-Rao bound goes as $(S/N)^{-1}$ (similar to the photometric bound) but, additionally, we find that this bound is quite sensitive to the value of the background - suppressing the background can greatly enhance the astrometric accuracy. We present a systematic analysis of the elements of the Fisher matrix in the case when the detec...

  1. THE BSC AND THE HEALTH MANAGEMENT CONSORTIA: A CASE STUDY OF ITS APPLICABILITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Caroline Coutinho Coelho Guimarães

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The professional management development consistent with the demands of society is an undeniable reality in Public Health. The enactment of 11.107/2005 Law inserts an agenda for change in the reality of Health Consortia. Against this backdrop of change, uncertainty and social costs, we need to rethink management practices. The management supporting tools have been evolving rapidly since 1980, highlighting the Balanced Scorecard (BSC. The adoption of the BSC as a management supporting tool to consortia comes to meet the existing demand to improve professionalization in public administration. This article aims to analyze the applicability of a support management tool to a Health Consortia, based on BSC through a proposed pilot project in a consortium selected to do so. Thus, for the realization of this work, designed a Case Study in CISMEV - Consortium Health of Middle Velhas River, and developed a proposal for the construction of the BSC with nine distinct steps. Thus, it was possible to identify the key steps to be met for the adoption of new procedures and routines, as well as the challenges encountered in the development process of the BSC by public institutions. We also identified the possible gains from deploying this tool culminating in fulfilling the mission and building the organizational vision. It was felt that identifying motivators for choosing this tool, as well as their strengths and limitations are essential to the construction of this process with greater criticality.

  2. DEVELOPMENT OF A STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT TOOL IN A THERMAL POWER PLANT USING ABC AND BSC MODELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rishi Dwivedi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In today’s dynamic, uncertain and highly competitive business environment, the long term success of an organization critically depends on the perceptions, choices and actions of its managers regarding their strategies. Activity based costing (ABC and balanced scorecard (BSC are the modern day management approaches acknowledged as reliable tools for strategy formulation and implementation in an organization. In this paper, ABC and BSC models are separately proposed and applied in the merry-go-round (MGR department of an Indian thermal power plant. The results elicited from adoption of these two models in the said power plant provide more accurate, timely, and reliable operational and financial information at different activity levels of the organization, which would help in effective strategic and tactical decision making. Even though, there are limited published research papers related to application of ABC model in power plants, none of them has adopted ABC and BSC techniques in an Indian contextual environment. Additionally, an integrated ABC-BSC model is designed to harness the complementary synergies of both ABC and BSC models.

  3. Critical factors in implementing the Balanced Scorecard-BSC Fatores críticos na implantação do Balanced Scorecard-BSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Augusto de Lucca Moreira

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Several issues can be raised regarding the critical factors for implementing management models such as the Balanced Scorecard (BSC. The success demands the understanding of the model by the implementation team and the workers involved. The entertainment industry, to which the Beach Park Hotel and Tourism, presents peculiarities that make the implementation of a management model a bigger challenge, and a segment that tends to grow at a rate of 10, 6% per year until 2016. Focusing the organization and context, this study aims to identify the critical factors of implementation of the BSC, through a case study, descriptive. The results showed the following critical factors for the implementation of the BSC: the absence of a culture of strategic planning, the complexity of the business and project, the history of a management style centralized and authoritarian, the centralization of the BSC at the top, restriction of management time to devote to the project; the absence of an information system, to support the project; not performing training and the lack of external consultants. In promoting organizational change, lacked adequate involvement of the leadership and and the support of the management of the dome. In successful cases, the history of management-oriented learning serves as the basis for a proper definition of the critical needs of the organization, and defining the appropriate indicators, factors that, in the case in focus, proved absent in a company without culture of planning. Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Inúmeras questões podem ser levantadas acerca dos fatores críticos para a implantação de modelos de gestão como o Balanced Scorecard (BSC. O êxito demanda a compreensão do modelo, por parte da equipe de implantação e dos colaboradores envolvidos. Ressalta-se que a indústria do entretenimento, em que se insere o Beach Park Hotéis e Turismo, possui particularidades que tornam

  4. Physiological response of BSC phototrophic community to EPS removal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adessi, Alessandra; Cruz de Carvalho, Ricardo; Silvestre, Susana; Rossi, Federico; Mugnai, Gianmarco; Marques da Silva, Jorge; Branquinho, Cristina; De Philippis, Roberto

    2015-04-01

    Biological Soil Crusts (BSCs) are associations between soil particles and varying proportions of cyanobacteria, heterotrophic bacteria, algae, fungi, lichens and mosses. BSCs play a major role in soil stabilization, and in drylands have been well acknowledged for mitigating desertification effects. Amongst the wide diversity of organisms that compose BSCs, cyanobacteria are the first primary producers: they colonize nutrient-limited soils, modifying the micro-environment through the excretion of large amounts of extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs). EPSs represent a huge carbon and nitrogen source for other inhabitants of the crust, are three-dimensionally spread through the first millimeters of the soil, and have a recognized role in influencing the hydrological behavior of the crust. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible role that EPSs play in the physiology of the phototrophic community residing on a light crust (without mosses or lichens, thus mainly inhabited by cyanobacteria and algae). In particular it was investigated whether the three-dimensional matrix in which EPSs are organized allowed light distribution and diffusion inside the crust, thus influencing photosynthesis. Non-invasive techniques were used to extract the polymeric matrix and to analyze photosynthetic performances in native and extracted BSC samples. Preliminary results suggested that the mild extraction protocol allowed to remove a portion of the matrix, and that this treatment revealed highly significant differences in the optical properties of the crusts comparing native and extracted samples. The extraction did not affect cell viability, as samples after the extraction were still photosynthetically active. However, chlorophyll variable fluorescence was significantly lower in the extracted samples than in native ones, and susceptibility to photoinhibition was significantly modified. Evaluating the role of the EPSs in the community is essential to further understand the

  5. Apoptosis and necrosis in vaccinia virus-infected HeLa G and BSC-40 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liskova, Jana; Knitlova, Jarmila; Honner, Richard; Melkova, Zora

    2011-09-01

    In most cells, vaccinia virus (VACV) infection is considered to cause a lytic cell death, an equivalent of necrosis. However, upon infection of the epithelial cell lines HeLa G and BSC-40 with VACV strain Western Reserve (WR), we have previously observed an increased activation of and activity attributable to caspases, a typical sign of apoptosis. In this paper, we have further analyzed the type of cell death in VACV-infected cells HeLa G and BSC-40. In a cell-based flow cytometric assay, we showed a specific activation of caspase-2 and 4 in HeLa G and BSC-40 cells infected with VACV, strain WR, while we did not find any effects of inhibitors of calpain and cathepsin D and E. The actual activity of the two caspases, but also of caspase-3, was then confirmed in lysates of infected HeLa G, but not in BSC-40 cells. Accordingly, poly(ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP) cleavage was found increased only in infected HeLa G cells. Consequently, we have determined morphological features of apoptosis and/or activity of the executioner caspase-3 in infected HeLa G cells in situ, while only a background apoptosis was observed in infected BSC-40 cells. Finally, vaccination strains Dryvax and Praha were found to induce apoptosis in both HeLa G and BSC-40 cells, as characterized morphologically and by PARP cleavage. These findings may be important for understanding the differences in VACV-host interactions and post-vaccination complications in different individuals.

  6. The Polar Crust Project- BSC Diversity and Variability in the Arctic and Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Laura; Borchhardt, Nadine; Komisc-Buchmann, Karin; Becker, Burkhard; Karsten, Ulf; Büdel, Burkhard

    2015-04-01

    The Polar Crust Project is a newly funded DFG initiative that aims to provide a precise evaluation of the biodiversity of eukaryotic green microalgae and cyanobacteria in Biological Soil Crusts (BSC) isolated from the Antarctic Peninsula and Arctic Svalbard. This project will include a thorough investigation into the composition of BSC in the Polar regions, this especially is important for Svalbard due to the severe lack of any previous research on such communities in this area. During our expedition to Spitsbergen, Svalbard in August 2014 we were particularly surprised to find that the coverage of BSC is extremely high and is certainly the dominant vegetation type around Ny Ålesund. Due to this discovery the project has now been extended to include long term measurements of CO2 gas exchange in order to gain exact seasonal carbon fixation rates and therefore discovering how the BSC contributes to the ecosystems carbon balance. The research areas of Spitsbergen were centred around 2 localities: Ny-Ålesund is a research town, home to the AWIPEV station, on the Brøgger peninsula. Longyearbyen, which is the largest settlement on the island, is found in the valley Longyeardalen on the shore of Adventfjorden. Areas where BSC is the prevalent vegetation type were identified, 6 around Ny-Ålesund and 4 for Longyearbyen, and vegetation surveys were conducted. This entailed 625 single point measurements at each site and identifying the crust/or other cover type. For example, green algal lichen, cyanobacterial crust, higher plant, open soil. Samples were also taken at every location in order to study the green algal and cyanobacterial diversity. The vegetation survey will allow us to get a good overview of the BSC composition at the different sites. In January 2015 an expedition to the Antarctic Peninsular took place, here the sampling method was repeated and therefore both Polar Regions BSC composition can be described and compared. Here, we wish to introduce the Polar

  7. USING THE BSC FOR STRATEGIC PLANNING OF IT (INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN BRAZILIAN ORGANIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Olímpio Tonelli

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a method that integrates Balanced Scorecard (BSC concepts and IT strategic planning (ITSP processes. The resulting method was applied in two organizations in order to verify contributions of Balanced Scorecard regarding the identified ITSP problems. The development of this work was realized in qualitative, exploratory research based on two case studies. The results show that the use of BSC contributed directly to work with IT strategic planning challenges and involved middle management, multifunctional teams, and top management support, all beyond IT boundaries.

  8. Curriculum (Study Programme) for the 3rd to 6th semester of the B.Sc., Medialogy, at Aalborg University

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordahl, Rolf; Serafin, Stefania; Lavatino, Salvatore

    2004-01-01

    Major revision of the original curriculum of the B.Sc., Medialogy. Significant changes (extensive restructuring) in comparison with the first version of the curriculum.......Major revision of the original curriculum of the B.Sc., Medialogy. Significant changes (extensive restructuring) in comparison with the first version of the curriculum....

  9. Critical factors in implementing the Balanced Scorecard-BSC Fatores críticos na implantação do Balanced Scorecard-BSC

    OpenAIRE

    Fábio Augusto de Lucca Moreira; Maria Naiula Monteiro Pessoa; Augusto Cezar de Aquino Cabral; Sandra Maria dos Santos; Vivianne Pereira Salas Roldan

    2013-01-01

    Several issues can be raised regarding the critical factors for implementing management models such as the Balanced Scorecard (BSC). The success demands the understanding of the model by the implementation team and the workers involved. The entertainment industry, to which the Beach Park Hotel and Tourism, presents peculiarities that make the implementation of a management model a bigger challenge, and a segment that tends to grow at a rate of 10, 6% per year until 2016. Focusing the organiza...

  10. Cram\\'er-Rao Bounds for Polynomial Signal Estimation using Sensors with AR(1) Drift

    CERN Document Server

    Kar, Swarnendu; Palaniswami, Marimuthu

    2012-01-01

    We seek to characterize the estimation performance of a sensor network where the individual sensors exhibit the phenomenon of drift, i.e., a gradual change of the bias. Though estimation in the presence of random errors has been extensively studied in the literature, the loss of estimation performance due to systematic errors like drift have rarely been looked into. In this paper, we derive closed-form Fisher Information matrix and subsequently Cram\\'er-Rao bounds (upto reasonable approximation) for the estimation accuracy of drift-corrupted signals. We assume a polynomial time-series as the representative signal and an autoregressive process model for the drift. When the Markov parameter for drift \\rho<1, we show that the first-order effect of drift is asymptotically equivalent to scaling the measurement noise by an appropriate factor. For \\rho=1, i.e., when the drift is non-stationary, we show that the constant part of a signal can only be estimated inconsistently (non-zero asymptotic variance). Practica...

  11. Novel Mobile Robot Simultaneous Localization and Mapping Using Rao-Blackwellised Particle Filter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Bingrong

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the novel method of mobile robot simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM, which is implemented by using the Rao-Blackwellised particle filter (RBPF for monocular vision-based autonomous robot in unknown indoor environment. The particle filter is combined with unscented Kalman filter (UKF to extending the path posterior by sampling new poses that integrate the current observation. The landmark position estimation and update is implemented through the unscented transform (UT. Furthermore, the number of resampling steps is determined adaptively, which seriously reduces the particle depletion problem. Monocular CCD camera mounted on the robot tracks the 3D natural point landmarks, which are structured with matching image feature pairs extracted through Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT. The matching for multi-dimension SIFT features which are highly distinctive due to a special descriptor is implemented with a KDTree in the time cost of O(log2N. Experiments on the robot Pioneer3 in our real indoor environment show that our method is of high precision and stability.

  12. The Cramer-Rao Bound and DMT Signal Optimisation for the Identification of a Wiener-Type Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Koeppl

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available In linear system identification, optimal excitation signals can be determined using the Cramer-Rao bound. This problem has not been thoroughly studied for the nonlinear case. In this work, the Cramer-Rao bound for a factorisable Volterra model is derived. The analytical result is supported with simulation examples. The bound is then used to find the optimal excitation signal out of the class of discrete multitone signals. As the model is nonlinear in the parameters, the bound depends on the model parameters themselves. On this basis, a three-step identification procedure is proposed. To illustrate the procedure, signal optimisation is explicitly performed for a third-order nonlinear model. Methods of nonlinear optimisation are applied for the parameter estimation of the model. As a baseline, the problem of optimal discrete multitone signals for linear FIR filter estimation is reviewed.

  13. A survey on existing challenges of BSC implementation for performance measurement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behdad Gitinejad

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The balanced scorecard (BSC is a strategic oriented tool used comprehensively in profit and nonprofit organizations all over the world to synchronize routine processes of organizations to the mission and strategy, improve inner and outter communications, control organization performance toward strategic targets. BSC has emerged from a simple performance measurement framework to a comprehensive strategic management system. It changes an organization’s strategic plan from a passive document to an active guideline for the organization on a daily basis and provides a helpful assistance that not only enables performance measurements, but also helps planners identify what should be accomplished and measured. This study focuses on how BSC is adopted as a tool for measuring effectiveness of strategy implementation in these organizations. This study adapts the BSC as a powerful tool for reaching an organization’s performance in four significant areas: Financial perspective, Customer-Market perspective, Internal Processes perspective and Learning & Growth perspective. The results suggest that governmental organizations are somehow successful in achieving their objectives in various degrees.

  14. Analysis of error floor of LDPC codes under LP decoding over the BSC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chilappagari, Shashi [UNIV OF AZ; Vasic, Bane [UNIV OF AZ; Stepanov, Mikhail [UNIV OF AZ

    2009-01-01

    We consider linear programming (LP) decoding of a fixed low-density parity-check (LDPC) code over the binary symmetric channel (BSC). The LP decoder fails when it outputs a pseudo-codeword which is not a codeword. We propose an efficient algorithm termed the instanton search algorithm (ISA) which, given a random input, generates a set of flips called the BSC-instanton and prove that: (a) the LP decoder fails for any set of flips with support vector including an instanton; (b) for any input, the algorithm outputs an instanton in the number of steps upper-bounded by twice the number of flips in the input. We obtain the number of unique instantons of different sizes by running the ISA sufficient number of times. We then use the instanton statistics to predict the performance of the LP decoding over the BSC in the error floor region. We also propose an efficient semi-analytical method to predict the performance of LP decoding over a large range of transition probabilities of the BSC.

  15. Competencies of BSc and MSc programmes in electrical engineering and student portfolios

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mouthaan, Ton J.; Brink, R.W.; Vos, H.

    2002-01-01

    General goals of a BSc and MSc in electrical engineering are formulated, leading to a 'mission' statement clarifying the rationale behind the programmes in relation to the needs of society. These goals are made operational in terms of competencies that engineers educated through our programmes are r

  16. 76 FR 53137 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...

  17. 78 FR 37542 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC) Correction: This notice was published in...

  18. 76 FR 28438 - Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) The meeting announced below concerns RFA CE10-004,...

  19. 78 FR 29754 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC) In accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the...

  20. 75 FR 1062 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC) In accordance with Section 10(a)(2) of the...

  1. 75 FR 82030 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics (BSC, NCHS) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...

  2. 75 FR 55333 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...

  3. 76 FR 9019 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics (BSC, NCHS) Correction: This notice was published in the Federal Register...

  4. 75 FR 17754 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...

  5. 77 FR 31018 - Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) The meeting announced below concerns Research Grants...

  6. 77 FR 22326 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics, (BSC, NCHS) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...

  7. 75 FR 6402 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Marketing (BSC, NCHM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Marketing (BSC, NCHM) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal...

  8. 78 FR 35036 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, (BSC, NCIPC) Correction: This notice was published in...

  9. 77 FR 31359 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics (BSC, NCHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics (BSC, NCHS) Notice of Cancellation: This notice was published in the...

  10. On Rao Jiong’s theory of the Zhuan-zhu%论饶炯的加符转注说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑伟

    2012-01-01

      六书之中,人们对转注的争议最大,众说纷纭。晚清学者饶炯在转注研究中独树一帜,创造性地提出了加符转注说,认为转注的实质是本字通过加形符或声符来实现文字孳乳的造字过程。他以王筠的分别文、累增字理论为基础,总结出了六种转注类型。转注字与被注字意义相同是其基本特征。同时还对所加形符和声符进行了系统的分类。他的学说对后世影响很大,当代学者多受其启发。不过,饶炯在加声符转注字中往往忽略了转注字与被注字的声音一致原则,还不够完善。%  The notion of the Zhuan-zhu with various interpretations has caused the most controversy in the study of the Liu-shu in which Rao Jiong had creatively advanced a new additional symbol theory. Rao argued that the essence of the Zhuan-zhu is a process in which an original character turns into a new one through adding certain pictographic and phonetic symbols. Rao had summed up six Zhuan-zhu types based on the character’s accumulation theory by Wang Yun and their common feature is the constant meaning for the original character and the new one. Rao also had systematically classified those pictographic and phonetic symbols. Rao’s theory produced a great in-fluence in later ages and many contemporary scholars agree with him. Howev-er, Rao Jiong who had some unsuccessful points tended to ignore some iden-tical principle.

  11. 我的父亲饶华%My Father Rao Hua

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶芃子

    2014-01-01

    饶华是韩山师范学院的杰出校友之一,是职业革命家。该文系作为其子女的作者,忆述其所从事的革命活动的历程,从左翼文艺运动的积极参与者,到受派回潮汕发动、组织左翼文艺运动;从抗战时期受密派到新组建第四战区北江挺进纵队负责统战工作,到撤回粤、滇、桂、越南等地从事地下革命活动;从回国后在新成立的中共滇东南地区工委、滇桂黔边军政任委职,到迎接解放大军入滇,解放后在云南军政、教育、宣传、出版、社科等部门任要职等传奇经历,为口述史的重要传记资料。%Rao Hua, one of the outstanding alumni of Hanshan Normal University, was a professional rev-olutionary. The author of this paper, Rao’s daughter recalled the experiences of his revolutionary activities:from an activist of Left-wing Literary Movement to an organizer in Chaoshan area; from a secretly appointed man in charge of united front work of Beijiang Advancing Column to an underground revolutionary activist with-drawing back to Yunnan-Guizhou-Guangxi-Vietnam Border Regions;from being a working committee mem-ber of South Eastern Yunnan District of newly-founded China to an official of important posts in such depart-ments as military, political, educational, propagandistic and publishing etc. These are important biographical data for oral history.

  12. Improving efficiency of decision making units through BSC-DEA technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Reza Khaki

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Performance evaluation is one of the most important techniques to prioritize different decision making units. Data envelopment analysis (DEA, as a non-parametric method, plays an important role for measuring relative efficiency. Balanced score card, on the other hand, is another method to evaluate a business plan based on non-financial perspectives. The integrated BSC-DEA takes advantage of the advantages of both methods' features. In this paper, we propose a BSC-DEA method to rank different decision making units. We consider different financial criteria such as profit-margin, return on assets along with non-financial criteria such as customer satisfaction, advanced services, employee skills to compare the performance of different banks. The results are analyzed and discussed, which could be used for making better decisions.

  13. PEMBOBOTAN SASARAN STRATEGIS PERSPEKTIF BALANCE SCORECARD (BSC PADA PERUSAHAAN AIR MINUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Sulisworo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Usaha-usaha peningkatan kesehatan organisasi di perusahaan yang cenderung hanya fokus pada finansial, terbukti belum dapat memenuhi harapan stakeholder. Salah satu pendekatan yang digunakan untuk melakukan perencanaan kinerja yang komprehensif adalah dengan menggunakan BSC yang dapat untuk mengidentifikasi indikator-indikator kinerja yang mendukung visi dan misi dan mengukur pencapaian kinerja perusahaan. Dengan analisis BSC dan AHP diketahui tiga komponen atau indikator kinerja yang paling berpengaruh pada perusahaan adalah Karyawan yang Berdisiplin dan Bertanggung Jawab (0.833, kapabilitas kerja (0.582 dan kualitas layanan (0.486. Perbaikan pada internal organisasi diharapkan akan dapat meningkatkan kepuasan pelanggan. Hal ini juga bersesuaian dengan skor tertinggi yang diperoleh ada pada proses bisnis internal (7.5

  14. Clinical problem solving ability of BSc and diploma nursing students in Indian setting--a comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezhilarasu, Punitha

    2012-01-01

    Clinical Problem Solving Ability (CPSA) is an important skill essential for nurses to achieve professional excellence which is developed during the educational process. A sample of 215 students from BSc and Diploma nursing educational programmes were studied to determine their CPSA and the differences were compared. A written simulation instrument (Ezhilarasu, 2000) with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.81 was used to measure the CPSA. BSc students scored significantly higher than Diploma students (p = 0). Final year students from both the programmes scored higher than the first year students (p = 0.01). The least commonly used step in clinical problem solving is evaluation. Along with other studies, this study also supports the influence of the educational process in the development of CPSA. Appropriate teaching strategies and role modelling by faculty should become an essential part in all nursing educational institutions.

  15. Particle filters for the magnetoencephalography inverse problem: increasing the efficiency through a semi-analytic approach (Rao-Blackwellization)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sorrentino, A [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Genova (Italy); Pascarella, A; Campi, C [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Genova (Italy); Piana, M [Dipartimento di Informatica, Universita di Verona (Italy)], E-mail: sorrentino@fisica.unige.it

    2008-07-15

    We consider the problem of dynamically estimating the parameters of point-like neural sources from magnetoencephalography data. Since the problem is non-linear, we apply the sequential Monte Carlo algorithms known as particle filters for solving the Bayesian filtering problem. We suggest that the linear dependence of the data on a subset of the parameters allows the analytic computation of the posterior density for these parameters, i.e. Rao-Blackwellization; this considerably improves the accuracy of the method and its statistical efficiency.

  16. Gas-phase chemistry in the online multiscale NMMB/BSC Chemical Transport Model: Description and evaluation at global scale

    OpenAIRE

    Badia, Alba; JORBA Oriol; Voulgarakis, Apostolos; Dabdub, Donald; Pérez, Carlos; Hilboll, Andreas; Gonçalves, María; Janjic, Zavisa

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a comprehensive description and benchmark evaluation of the tropospheric gas-phase chemistry component of the NMMB/BSC Chemical Transport Model (NMMB/BSC-CTM), an online chemical weather prediction system conceived for both the regional and the global scale. We provide an extensive evaluation of a global annual cycle simulation using a variety of background surface stations (EMEP, WDCGG and CASTNET), ozonesondes (WOUDC, CMD and SHADOZ), aircraft data (MOZAIC and several ca...

  17. BSC methodology for determining strategy of manufacturing enterprises of SME sector

    OpenAIRE

    M. Torbacka; W. Torbacki

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The main issue of this paper is to present a modern way of determining business strategy with a use of Balanced Scorecard methodology (BSC) integrated with ERP/MRP rank systems for managing manufacturing companies.Design/methodology/approach: The paper presents assumptions, aims and ways of implementation of Balanced Scorecard on a background of classic manufacturing company management.Findings: A present state of software development produced for strategic company management as well...

  18. Application and verification of the NMMB/BSC-CTM forecast for solar energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soret, Albert; Serradell, Kim; Piot, Matthias; Ortega, Daniel; Obiso, Vincenzo; Jorba, Oriol

    2016-04-01

    In the beginning of April 2014, northern Europe was affected by a mineral dust intrusion. On 4 April 2014, the power prediction for German solar installations was estimated as 21 GW, whereas the measured power production merely reached 11 GW. This strong overestimation significantly affected the hourly price in the wholesale electricity market: prices were firstly assessed at around 27 € /MWh but rapidly reached a level close to 150 € /MWh after recognizing the lack of solar output. It has been found that a large proportion of the uncertainty of existing NWP models can be attributed to the lack of accurate aerosol data used in order to model solar radiation. Despite the advancements in the modelling of aerosol-cloud interactions, current meteorological models use parameterizations made mostly for climate considerations (generally monthly-based). In this contribution, we analyse model results of the direct radiative effect of mineral dust over Germany at the beginning of April 2014. For that, the NMMB/BSC Chemical Transport Model (NMMB/BSC-CTM) is applied on a regional domain at 0.1° horizontal resolution. The NMMB/BSC-CTM is a new on-line chemical weather prediction system coupling atmospheric and chemistry processes. In the radiation module of the model, mineral dust is treated as a radiatively active substance interacting both short and longwave radiation. The impact of the mineral dust outbreaks on meteorology is discussed by comparing model forecasts meteorological observations. The analysis focuses on the performance of the NMMB/BSC-CTM to simulate the radiative effects of a mineral dust intrusion far from source regions. Model results would help to illustrate the added value of on-line models for long term analysis of solar resource. On-going developments: integration of anthropogenic sources and implementation of indirect radiative effects will be also presented.

  19. Development of a Framework for Sustainable Outsourcing: Analytic Balanced Scorecard Method (A-BSC)

    OpenAIRE

    Fabio De Felice; Antonella Petrillo; Claudio Autorino

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, many enterprises choose to outsource its non-core business to other enterprises to reduce cost and increase the efficiency. Many enterprises choose to outsource their supply chain management (SCM) and leave it to a third-party organization in order to improve their services. The paper proposes an integrated and multicriteria tool useful to monitor and to improve performance in an outsourced supply chain. The Analytic Balanced Scorecard method (A-BSC) is proposed as an effective meth...

  20. Elevated BSC-1 and ROMK expression in Dahl salt-sensitive rat kidneys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoagland, Kimberly M; Flasch, Averia K; Dahly-Vernon, Annette J; dos Santos, Elisabete Alcantara; Knepper, Mark A; Roman, Richard J

    2004-04-01

    This study compared the expression of enzymes and transport and channel proteins involved in the regulation of sodium reabsorption in the kidney of Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) and salt-resistant Brown-Norway (BN) and consomic rats (SS.BN13), in which chromosome 13 from the BN rat has been introgressed into the DS genetic background. The expression of the Na+/K+/2Cl- (BSC-1) cotransporter, Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE3), and Na+-K+-ATPase proteins were similar in the renal cortex of DS, BN, and SS.BN13 rats fed either a low-salt (0.1% NaCl) or a high-salt (8% NaCl) diet. The expression of the BSC-1 and the renal outer medullary K+ channel (ROMK) were higher, whereas the expression of the cytochrome P4504A proteins responsible for the formation of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic (20-HETE) was lower in the outer medulla of the kidney of DS than in BN or SS.BN13 rats fed either a low-salt or a high-salt diet. In addition, the renal formation and excretion of 20-HETE was lower in DS than in BN and SS.BN13 rats. These results suggest that overexpression of ROMK and BSC-1 in the thick ascending limb combined with a deficiency in renal formation of 20-HETE may predispose Dahl S rats fed a high-salt diet to Na+ retention and hypertension.

  1. An Integrated MCDM Method in Ranking BSC Perspectives and key Performance Indicators (KPIs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Alvandi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The balanced scorecard (BSC approach is an effective technique for performance evaluation. BSC can better reflect the dependence and feedback problems of each factor in real world situations. This study aims at developing a set of appropriate key performance indicators according to (BSC approach for SAPCO using multiple criteria decision making(MCDM method. We provide key performance indicators through literature reviews and experts' idea in SAPCO, which is one of the biggest vehicle spare suppliers in Iran. The proposed study uses decision making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL and analytic network process (ANP, respectively to measure the casual relationship between the perspectives as well as the relative weights. The results based on ANP method shows that ‘‘Customer’’ is the most influential factor. In addition, internal process, financial and learning and growth are in two to four positions. Three important key performance indicators are as bellow: Total price of parts, Customer satisfaction and Lack of parts in production.

  2. Measurement of dinitrogen fixation by Biological soil crust (BSC) from the Sahelian zone: an isotopic method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrhardt, F.; Alavoine, G.; Bertrand, I.

    2012-04-01

    Amongst the described ecological roles of Biological Soil Crust, N fixation is of importance for soil fertility, especially in arid and semi-arid ecosystems with low inputs. In BSC, the quantification of N fixation fluxes using an indirect method is widespread, usually with the Acetylene Reduction Assay (ARA) which consists in measuring the nitrogenase activity through the process of acetylene reduction into ethylene. A converting factor, still discussed in the literature and greatly depending of the constitutive organisms of the BSC, is the tool used to convert the amount of reduced ethylene into quantitative fixed Nitrogen. The aim of this poster is to describe an isotopic direct method to quantify the atmospheric dinitrogen fixation fluxes in BSC, while minimizing the variability due to manipulations. Nine different BSC from the Sahelian zone were selected and placed in an incubation room at 28° C in dark and light conditions during three days, while moisture equivalent to pF=2 was regularly adjusted using the gravimetric method with needles and deionized water, in order to activate and reach a dynamic stability of their metabolisms. Subsequently, each crust was placed into a gas-tight glass vial for incubation with a reconstituted 15N2 enriched atmosphere (31.61 % atom 15N, while the proportion of each main gas present in the air was conserved, i.e. 78% N2, 21% O2 and 0.04% CO2). Principal difficulties are to guarantee the airtighness of the system, to avoid crust desiccation and to keep the crust metabolically active under stable conditions for six hours. Several tests were performed to determine the optimum time for 15N2 incubation. Three replicated control samples per crust were also stabilized for three days and then dried at 105° C, without any incubation with 15N2 enriched atmosphere. Total N and 15N were then measured in the grounded (80μm) and dried (105° C) crust, using a Flash EA elemental analyzer (Eurovector, Milan, Italy) coupled to a Delta

  3. A new approach to analyze strategy map using an integrated BSC and FUZZY DEMATEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Abdollah Heydariyeh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Today, with ever-increasing competition in global economic conditions, the necessity of effective implementation of strategy map has become an inevitable and necessary. The strategy map represents a general and structured framework for strategic objectives and plays an important role in forming competitive advantages for organizations. It is important to find important factors influencing strategy map and prioritize them based on suitable factors. In this paper, we propose an integration of BSC and Fuzzy DEMATEL technique to rank different items influencing strategy of a production plan. The proposed technique is implemented for real-world case study of glass production.

  4. An enhanced Cramér-Rao bound weighted method for attitude accuracy improvement of a star tracker

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jun; Wang, Jian

    2016-06-01

    This study presents a non-average weighted method for the QUEST (QUaternion ESTimator) algorithm, using the inverse value of root sum square of Cramér-Rao bound and focal length drift errors of the tracking star as weight, to enhance the pointing accuracy of a star tracker. In this technique, the stars that are brighter, or at low angular rate, or located towards the center of star field will be given a higher weight in the attitude determination process, and thus, the accuracy is readily improved. Simulations and ground test results demonstrate that, compared to the average weighted method, it can reduce the attitude uncertainty by 10%-20%, which is confirmed particularly for the sky zones with non-uniform distribution of stars. Moreover, by using the iteratively weighted center of gravity algorithm as the newly centroiding method for the QUEST algorithm, the current attitude uncertainty can be further reduced to 44% with a negligible additional computing load.

  5. An enhanced Cramér-Rao bound weighted method for attitude accuracy improvement of a star tracker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jun; Wang, Jian

    2016-06-01

    This study presents a non-average weighted method for the QUEST (QUaternion ESTimator) algorithm, using the inverse value of root sum square of Cramér-Rao bound and focal length drift errors of the tracking star as weight, to enhance the pointing accuracy of a star tracker. In this technique, the stars that are brighter, or at low angular rate, or located towards the center of star field will be given a higher weight in the attitude determination process, and thus, the accuracy is readily improved. Simulations and ground test results demonstrate that, compared to the average weighted method, it can reduce the attitude uncertainty by 10%-20%, which is confirmed particularly for the sky zones with non-uniform distribution of stars. Moreover, by using the iteratively weighted center of gravity algorithm as the newly centroiding method for the QUEST algorithm, the current attitude uncertainty can be further reduced to 44% with a negligible additional computing load.

  6. The use of the Balanced ScoreCard (BSC) in the model for investment and evaluation of medical information systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niss, K U

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes the use of the Balanced ScoreCard (BSC) in the MIEMIS meso-model (Model for Investment and Evaluation of Medical Information Systems). The scope of the MIEMIS model is to integrate the evaluation process into the whole lifecycle of an information system using both a prospective and a retrospective approach. We conclude, that the MIEMIS-model has benefited from implementing the BSC into the model due to the fact, that the BSC can support the project management work. This approach helps ensuring, that the new information systems are fulfilled according to the plan and with a balance between the four perspectives (financial, customer/user, internal, and innovation/learning perspective) to avoid that the financial aspect is the driving force in developing and implementing a new information system, for example.

  7. An empirical study to measure the relative efficiency and strategic planning using BSC-DEA and DEMATEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hemati

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Performance evaluation is one of manager's main concerns in today competitive world, which covers all aspects and dimensions of organization and it is adequately flexible and measurable. So, the necessity of performance evaluation application for organizations where their intangible assets are higher than tangible ones, such as educational institutions, is more obviously observed. Balanced scorecard (BSC is discussed by the aim of promoting manager's decision making and directing their attention toward extensive operational vision of organization compared to traditional measurement systems, which only include the financial measures. However, BSC is a qualitative approach and has some disadvantages and its integration by other quantitative techniques such as data envelopment analysis makes it more efficient. The proposed model of this paper uses DEMATEL technique as part of BSC-DEA model to empower strategic planning. The proposed model of this paper is applied for 10 zone university branches of Islamic Azad universities to provide an appropriate road map.

  8. Utilizing the BSC and EFQM as a Combination Framework; Scrutinizing the Possibility by TOPSIS Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neda Jalaliyoon, Hamed Taherdoost, & Mazdak Zamani

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Increasing the competition between organizations in the field of productionsand services leads them to use the samples and patterns to assess theiractivities and performance. Appearing this kind of needs and inefficiency ofmeasuring systems with traditional activities assessment causes to createnew models of activities assessment in organizations. These models couldbe divided in two groups. The first group is based on self assessment andthe second group is based on measurement and improvement of businesstrade process. Among mentioned models, Balanced score Card (BSC andEuropean Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM have had morechance to be used by many companies. Regarding the high acceptance ofthese two models in the world and existence many similarities between them;this study is going to present exact glance of these two models and present acomparison between them. Moreover, after recognizing the weaknesses andpowers of them, the possibility of using them at the same time will beevaluated. In order to gain this goal, an automobile company’s performancehas been assessed based on BSC and EFQM and the results are analyzedwith TOPSIS method.

  9. Decimation-Enhanced Finite Alphabet Iterative Decoders for LDPC codes on the BSC

    CERN Document Server

    Planjery, Shiva Kumar; Declercq, David

    2011-01-01

    Finite alphabet iterative decoders (FAID) with multilevel messages that can surpass BP in the error floor region for LDPC codes on the BSC were previously proposed. In this paper, we propose decimation-enhanced decoders. The technique of decimation which is incorporated into the message update rule, involves fixing certain bits of the code to a particular value. Under appropriately chosen rules, decimation can significantly reduce the number of iterations required to correct a fixed number of errors, while maintaining the good performance of the original decoder in the error floor region. At the same time, the algorithm is much more amenable to analysis. We shall provide a simple decimation scheme for a particularly good 7-level FAID for column-weight three codes on the BSC, that helps to correct a fixed number of errors in fewer iterations, and provide insights into the analysis of the decoder. We shall also examine the conditions under which the decimation-enhanced 7-level FAID performs at least as good as ...

  10. Provably Efficient Instanton Search Algorithm for LP decoding of LDPC codes over the BSC

    CERN Document Server

    Chilappagari, Shashi Kiran

    2008-01-01

    We consider Linear Programming (LP) decoding of a Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) code performing over the Binary Symmetric Channel (BSC). The LP decoder fails when it outputs a pseudo-codeword which is not a codeword. Following the approach of [1], we design an efficient algorithm termed the Instanton Search Algorithm (ISA) which, given a random input, generates a set of flips, called BSC-instanton, such that the LP decoder decodes the instanton into a pseudo-codeword distinct from the all-zero-codeword while any reduction of the instanton leads to the all-zero-codeword. We prove that (a) the LP decoder fails for any set of flips with support vector including an instanton; (b) for any original input, the algorithm outputs an instanton in the number of steps upper-bounded by twice the number of actual flips in the input. Repeated sufficient number of times, the ISA outcomes the number of unique instantons of different sizes. We illustrate the performance of the algorithm on the [155,64,20] Tanner code and sho...

  11. Prioritization governmental insurance company according to BSC procedure by AHP group technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amene Kiarazm

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Insurance industry is one of the industries that have special importance and validity in modern economy, domestic and foreign trade. Performance evaluation and grading the insurance company in addition to determining the general position of agency in industry, market and informing the beneficiaries, cause increase in competition, dynamism in industry, and development in community. On the other hand, organization strategic performance evaluation is always one the first and most basic prerequisites for compiling improvement programs in organizations and it has a high importance. One of the strategic efficient models in this aspect is BSC that equally analyses all aspects of organization. The statistical population in this research is consists of four governmental insurance (Iran, Asia, Dana and Alborz. For collecting data, haphazard sampling procedure was used. Study tool is questionnaire whose reliability was measured by consistency ratio and whose validity was measured by content-construct method by acquiring the opinions of experts and some managers in this field of study and the results showed appropriate reliability and validity. In analysis data section, the group integrative procedures AHP and BSC were used. The results showed that the D insurance company had the higher final score than the other companies. After that the C, A and B insurance companies were respectively.

  12. A BSC-DEA approach to measure the relative efficiency of service industry: A case study of banking sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. B. Aryanezhad

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Performance evaluation plays an important role in determining faults and difficulties of any organization as well as attempting to increase capabilities and improve activities. Data envelopment analysis (DEA, as a non-parametric method, has been one of the most important and significant management tools for measuring output or efficiency. In this paper, we propose a method to utilize balanced score card (BSC as a tool for designing performance evaluation indices of an organization. The integrated BSC-DEA has been applied as an empirical case for a major private bank organization and the results are analyzed.

  13. SATCOM antenna siting study on a P-3C using the NEC-BSC V3.1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bensman, D.; Marhefka, R. J.

    1990-01-01

    The location of a UHF SATCOM antenna on a P-3C aircraft is studied using the NEC-Basic Scattering Code V3.1 (NEC-BSC3). The NEC-BSC3 is a computer code based on the uniform theory of diffraction. The code is first validated for this application using scale model measurements. In general, the comparisons are good except in 10 degree regions near the nose and tail of the aircraft. Patterns for various antenna locations are analyzed to achieve a prescripted performance.

  14. Study of the Factors Responsible for the Dropouts from the BSc Programme of Indira Gandhi National Open University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bharat Inder Fozdar

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a report on students who decided to drop out of the BSc programme offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU. This study was designed to determine the reasons leading to students’ decisions to withdraw from the programme. Identified in this study are nine major reasons for dropouts. Results of this study lead to several suggestions for improving current instructional and delivery strategies of IGNOU’s BSc Programme. Following such suggestions could help to reduce students’ dropout rate for this particular programme through implementation of timely interventions at different critical stages of their learning journey.

  15. An Examination of Interprofessional Team Functioning in a BScN Blended Learning Program: Implications for Accessible Distance-Based Nursing Education Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Lorraine Mary; Beattie, Bev; Caswell, Wenda; Fitzgerald, Scott; Nowrouzi, Behdin

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the perceptions and experiences of an interprofessional team responsible for the development and delivery of the Registered Practical Nurse (RPN) to Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BScN) Blended Learning Program at Nipissing University were examined. In this program, RPNs can acquire a BScN through distance-based part-time study,…

  16. Profitability of companies that use Balanced Scorecard (BSC versus companies that use only financial performance indicators Rentabilidade de empresas que utilizam o Balanced Scorecard (BSC versus empresas que utilizam somente indicadores de desempenho financeiros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irani Rocha

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to verify whether there is impact difference on the profitability of companies that use financial and nonfinancial performance indicators, as proposed in the Balanced Scorecard (BSC, and companies that use only financial performance indicators. The survey includes companies listed in the magazines Valor 1000 and Exame Maiores e Melhores and, as for the sample, publicly traded companies listed in both publications, representing 169 companies. In the survey conducted to determine whether or not the company uses BSC, out of the 169 companies contacted, 65 responded and 104 did not answer the questioning. Out of the 65 respondents, 19 use BSC and 46 don´t. The indexes were extracted from the financial statements and the non-financial administration reports and explanatory notes. Three financial indicators were selected and, for the non-financial perspectives, for enterprises using BSC, through content analysis, indicators that characterize the customer perspectives were identified, as well as internal learning and growth processes. For the analysis of company results before and after the implementation of BSC, hypotheses were developed for the indicators that showed a more expressive correlation coefficient. The one-tailed test indicated a high correlation in the indicators of learning and growth perspective and a lower one from the costumer perspectives and internal processes. Although the evidences are not abundant, it was concluded that there is a difference in the profitability of enterprises that use financial and nonfinancial performance indicators compared to the ones using just the indicators of financial performance.O estudo objetiva verificar se há diferença de impacto na rentabilidade de empresas que utilizam indicadores de desempenho financeiros e não financeiros conforme proposto no Balanced Scorecard (BSC e de empresas que somente utilizam indicadores de desempenho financeiros. A população da pesquisa compreende

  17. Changes in BSc Business Administration and Psychology Students' Learning Styles over One, Two and Three Years of Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Tine

    2013-01-01

    Knowledge on general or discipline-specific changes in the learning styles of university students can be utilised in the design and execution of courses, but little is known of such changes. The study examined the changes in the learning styles of three year groups of BSc Business Administration and Psychology students from admittance to one, two…

  18. [Management and accounting solution required in clinical laboratory department in the hospital and the balanced scorecard (BSC)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Toshiro

    2006-11-01

    This is to describe required accounting knowledge and the techniques for the clinical laboratory department management level people to operate their division from the viewpoint of management. Especially, the necessity and the efficacy of the BSC implementation in the clinical laboratory department are being explained.

  19. Azathioprine inhibits vaccinia virus replication in both BSC-40 and RAG cell lines acting on different stages of virus cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damaso, Clarissa R A; Oliveira, Marcus F; Massarani, Susana M; Moussatché, Nissin

    2002-08-15

    In the present study we demonstrate that azathioprine (AZA) inhibits vaccinia virus (VV) replication in both BSC-40 and RAG cell lines, acting on different stages of virus cycle. In BSC-40 cells, early protein synthesis was not significantly affected, but late gene expression was severely impaired. In RAG cells all stages of gene expression were completed during synchronous infection in the presence of the drug. The onset of DNA replication was not affected in RAG cells, but a severe inhibition was observed in BSC-40 cells. Electron microscopic analysis of VV-infected RAG cells treated with AZA revealed brick-shaped particles presenting abnormal definition of the internal structure. Purified virions from AZA-treated RAG cells presented several modifications of the protein content, a lesser amount of DNA, and a lower PFU:particle ratio. Our results suggest that in VV-infected RAG cells AZA interfered with virus morphogenesis, whereas in BSC-40 cells the replicative cycle was inhibited at the DNA replication stage.

  20. Medialogi (Dansk informations brochure om Medialogi-uddannelsen, 1. til 10. semester (B.Sc. & Cand.Scient))

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Hans Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    Informationsbrochure, 28 sider, om Medialogi uddannelsen (Cand. Scient.), der udbydes af Aalborg Universitet i Aalborg, Esbjerg og København. Brochuren beskriver 1. til 10. semester af uddannelsen (B.Sc. og M.Sc.). Informationen er primært rettet mod potentielle ansøgere til Medialogi uddannelsen...

  1. 76 FR 36923 - Meeting of the National Toxicology Program (NTP) Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC): Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    ...: The NTP BSC meeting, scheduled for July 21, 2011, and announced in the Federal Register (76 FR 28785... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Meeting of the National Toxicology Program (NTP) Board of Scientific Counselors...

  2. A framework to select commercial bank partner using fuzzy BSC-DEA method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moussa Azarbad

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available One of the primary concerns of many corporate organizations is to assess the weakness and strength of their future partners in an attempt to reduce all potential risks involved with them. In this paper, we present a BSC-DEA based model to indentify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of a firm. The proposed model of this paper assumes there are various uncertainties associated with all input/output parameters and uses fuzzy numbers to handle the uncertainties. We also consider a real-world case study of banking industry where four major banks are possible candidates of a partnership and implement the proposed model of this paper for this case study. The results of this study reveal some of the issues such as weakness of electronic banking, services and resource allocation as part of their infrastructure problems.

  3. A Survey of Unclassified ROSAT-BSC Sources for qLMXB Candidates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dufour, Francois; Rutledge, Robert E.

    2014-08-01

    Spectroscopic measurements of the thermal emission of neutron stars in quiescent low-mass X-ray binaries (qLMXBs) are one of only three methods to constrain the equation of state of cold nuclear matter. Up to now, this method has been limited in its application to qLMXBs within globular clusters, due to the high distance uncertainty of qLMXBs in the field. Gaia parallax measurements will soon allow the use of field qLMXBs with sufficiently bright optical counterparts in this key test of physics. We propose to undertake a survey of unclassified ROSAT BSC sources with high apparent X-ray to infrared flux ratios for H(alpha) excess, a tell-tale sign of accretion disks, in order to select qLMXBs candidates for X-ray followup.

  4. The BSC implanting process in a nuclear research center in Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The dynamics of the economical development founded due to the markets globalization and also to the increasing of the competition based on innovation, whose leadership belongs to the richest countries, presses for changes and moves the national and regional innovating systems. In a world of constant change, getting along with the external changes became one of the most relevant factors of the organizational success. Knowing and interpreting the external reality; monitoring the transformations; finding the opportunities and being able to answer fast and adequately; neutralize or minimize the threats: these and other abilities are constantly done by the most successful organizations, as part of a structured and conscious process focused on results . The technological research institutes were created in order to support the industries in their effort to overcome the competition by innovating. It is related, in last instance, to be an integrating part of the national or local innovating system, essential to the economical development and also to the improvement of life quality. However, they are put in this mutation atmosphere and fight for adapting to the new premises of the organizational success in order to have their mission fulfilled. In this context, the Development Center for Nuclear Technology - CDTN, makes an effort to adequate its strategically planning, by introducing and adapting the best administrating practices known nowadays. Among them, the Balanced Scorecard - BSC. This paper presents a brief form of each elaborating form of the strategic planning and also of the BSC implantation, it also clears up the level achieved by the organization and discusses the difficulties it faced. (author)

  5. An enhanced Cramér-Rao bound weighted method for attitude accuracy improvement of a star tracker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jun; Wang, Jian

    2016-06-01

    This study presents a non-average weighted method for the QUEST (QUaternion ESTimator) algorithm, using the inverse value of root sum square of Cramér-Rao bound and focal length drift errors of the tracking star as weight, to enhance the pointing accuracy of a star tracker. In this technique, the stars that are brighter, or at low angular rate, or located towards the center of star field will be given a higher weight in the attitude determination process, and thus, the accuracy is readily improved. Simulations and ground test results demonstrate that, compared to the average weighted method, it can reduce the attitude uncertainty by 10%-20%, which is confirmed particularly for the sky zones with non-uniform distribution of stars. Moreover, by using the iteratively weighted center of gravity algorithm as the newly centroiding method for the QUEST algorithm, the current attitude uncertainty can be further reduced to 44% with a negligible additional computing load. PMID:27370431

  6. Analysis of sensor impulse response effects on Cramèr–Rao lower bounds for signal parameter estimators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ephraim S. Gower

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a generic analysis of sensor impulse response effects on linearly filtered channel noise is presented to illustrate the resulting variations to the Cramèr–Rao lower bounds (CRLBs of signal parameter estimators in signal processing and communication applications. The authors start by deriving the density function of a filtered signal, which is shown to be a mixture density, and hence the exact expressions for the mean and variance. Simulation results are used to confirm the derivations, which are then used to investigate the effects of impulse response length and variance, as well as channel noise length and variance effects on the resulting CRLBs. Results indicate that for non-zero-mean channel noise and impulse responses, the resulting mean of filtered noise can be relatively large causing adverse deviations to parameter estimations. The filtered noise variance is shown to be proportional to the impulse response energy, where for long duration of signal capture the CRLB is significantly increased.

  7. The Real-Valued Sparse Direction of Arrival (DOA Estimation Based on the Khatri-Rao Product

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Chen

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available There is a problem that complex operation which leads to a heavy calculation burden is required when the direction of arrival (DOA of a sparse signal is estimated by using the array covariance matrix. The solution of the multiple measurement vectors (MMV model is difficult. In this paper, a real-valued sparse DOA estimation algorithm based on the Khatri-Rao (KR product called the L1-RVSKR is proposed. The proposed algorithm is based on the sparse representation of the array covariance matrix. The array covariance matrix is transformed to a real-valued matrix via a unitary transformation so that a real-valued sparse model is achieved. The real-valued sparse model is vectorized for transforming to a single measurement vector (SMV model, and a new virtual overcomplete dictionary is constructed according to the KR product’s property. Finally, the sparse DOA estimation is solved by utilizing the idea of a sparse representation of array covariance vectors (SRACV. The simulation results demonstrate the superior performance and the low computational complexity of the proposed algorithm.

  8. The Real-Valued Sparse Direction of Arrival (DOA) Estimation Based on the Khatri-Rao Product

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Tao; Wu, Huanxin; Zhao, Zhongkai

    2016-01-01

    There is a problem that complex operation which leads to a heavy calculation burden is required when the direction of arrival (DOA) of a sparse signal is estimated by using the array covariance matrix. The solution of the multiple measurement vectors (MMV) model is difficult. In this paper, a real-valued sparse DOA estimation algorithm based on the Khatri-Rao (KR) product called the L1-RVSKR is proposed. The proposed algorithm is based on the sparse representation of the array covariance matrix. The array covariance matrix is transformed to a real-valued matrix via a unitary transformation so that a real-valued sparse model is achieved. The real-valued sparse model is vectorized for transforming to a single measurement vector (SMV) model, and a new virtual overcomplete dictionary is constructed according to the KR product’s property. Finally, the sparse DOA estimation is solved by utilizing the idea of a sparse representation of array covariance vectors (SRACV). The simulation results demonstrate the superior performance and the low computational complexity of the proposed algorithm. PMID:27187409

  9. The Real-Valued Sparse Direction of Arrival (DOA) Estimation Based on the Khatri-Rao Product.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Tao; Wu, Huanxin; Zhao, Zhongkai

    2016-01-01

    There is a problem that complex operation which leads to a heavy calculation burden is required when the direction of arrival (DOA) of a sparse signal is estimated by using the array covariance matrix. The solution of the multiple measurement vectors (MMV) model is difficult. In this paper, a real-valued sparse DOA estimation algorithm based on the Khatri-Rao (KR) product called the L₁-RVSKR is proposed. The proposed algorithm is based on the sparse representation of the array covariance matrix. The array covariance matrix is transformed to a real-valued matrix via a unitary transformation so that a real-valued sparse model is achieved. The real-valued sparse model is vectorized for transforming to a single measurement vector (SMV) model, and a new virtual overcomplete dictionary is constructed according to the KR product's property. Finally, the sparse DOA estimation is solved by utilizing the idea of a sparse representation of array covariance vectors (SRACV). The simulation results demonstrate the superior performance and the low computational complexity of the proposed algorithm. PMID:27187409

  10. Lwner Partial Ordering Inequalities on the Khatri-Rao Product of Matrices%关于矩阵Khatri-Rao乘积的Lwner偏序不等式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯晓霞; 杨忠鹏

    2002-01-01

    We apply some equalities on Khatri-Rao and Tracy-Singh products of matrices, under the condition of arbitrary partition, to establish some Lwner partial ordering inequalities on the khatri-rao and Tracy-Singh products of positive semi-definite matrices, further generalize the results in Liu Shuangzhe (1999, Linear Algebra Appl).%首先在任意分块条件下给出了矩阵的Khatri-Rao及Tracy-Singh乘积的一些等式,然后在此基础上建立了这两种矩阵乘积的不等式,从而推广了Liu Shuangzhe (1999, Linear Algebra Appl)的结果.

  11. Cramér-Rao Lower Bound for Point Based Image Registration With Heteroscedastic Error Model for Application in Single Molecule Microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, E A K; Kim, D; Ober, R J

    2015-12-01

    The Cramér-Rao lower bound for the estimation of the affine transformation parameters in a multivariate heteroscedastic errors-in-variables model is derived. The model is suitable for feature-based image registration in which both sets of control points are localized with errors whose covariance matrices vary from point to point. With focus given to the registration of fluorescence microscopy images, the Cramér-Rao lower bound for the estimation of a feature's position (e.g., of a single molecule) in a registered image is also derived. In the particular case where all covariance matrices for the localization errors are scalar multiples of a common positive definite matrix (e.g., the identity matrix), as can be assumed in fluorescence microscopy, then simplified expressions for the Cramér-Rao lower bound are given. Under certain simplifying assumptions these expressions are shown to match asymptotic distributions for a previously presented set of estimators. Theoretical results are verified with simulations and experimental data.

  12. Cramér-Rao Lower Bound for Point Based Image Registration With Heteroscedastic Error Model for Application in Single Molecule Microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, E A K; Kim, D; Ober, R J

    2015-12-01

    The Cramér-Rao lower bound for the estimation of the affine transformation parameters in a multivariate heteroscedastic errors-in-variables model is derived. The model is suitable for feature-based image registration in which both sets of control points are localized with errors whose covariance matrices vary from point to point. With focus given to the registration of fluorescence microscopy images, the Cramér-Rao lower bound for the estimation of a feature's position (e.g., of a single molecule) in a registered image is also derived. In the particular case where all covariance matrices for the localization errors are scalar multiples of a common positive definite matrix (e.g., the identity matrix), as can be assumed in fluorescence microscopy, then simplified expressions for the Cramér-Rao lower bound are given. Under certain simplifying assumptions these expressions are shown to match asymptotic distributions for a previously presented set of estimators. Theoretical results are verified with simulations and experimental data. PMID:26641728

  13. Simultaneous localization and mapping implementation based on the improved Rao-Blackwellized particle filter%基于改进Rao-Blackwellized粒子滤波器的同时定位与地图构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗元; 傅有力; 程铁凤

    2015-01-01

    解决同时定位与地图构建(SLAM)问题是实现机器人自主导航的核心.目前,Rao-Blackwellized粒子滤波器(RBPF)是解决机器人同时定位与地图构建的有效方法.该方法在计算提议分布时,通常只考虑移动机器人的里程计信息,因此存在需要大量的采样粒子造成的计算量和复杂度增大的问题.本文提出一种改进算法,在计算提议分布时将机器人里程计信息和激光传感器采集的距离信息进行融合,有效地减少了所需粒子的数量并降低了滤波器预测阶段机器人位姿的不确定性.本文在机器人操作系统(robot operating system,ROS)平台上,使用配有URG激光器的Pioneer3-DX机器人进行了实验.结果表明,采用本文方法能够实时在线地创建高精度的栅格地图,为机器人在未知环境中的SLAM和导航提供了新途径.

  14. Cellular distribution of the renal bumetanide-sensitive Na-K-2Cl cotransporter BSC-1 in the inner stripe of the outer medulla during the development of hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonalker, Prajakta A; Tofovic, Stevan P; Jackson, Edwin K

    2007-12-01

    1. The renal bumetanide-sensitive Na-K-2Cl cotransporter (BSC-1) is expressed only in the thick ascending limb and selectively traffics from intracellular vesicles (IVs) to apical plasma membranes (PMs), where BSC-1 regulates sodium reabsorption. We showed previously that in kidneys from adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR; model of essential hypertension) total protein expression of BSC-1 was higher compared with kidneys from normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. However, whether this change is associated with an increased trafficking of BSC-1 from IVs to PMs is unknown. The goal of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the increase in total renal BSC-1 protein expression in SHR is accompanied by an augmented distribution of BSC-1 from IVs to PMs. 2. To test the hypothesis, we obtained renal tissue from the inner stripe of the outer medulla (ISOM; enriched in thick ascending limbs) and isolated IVs and PMs from this tissue by differential centrifugation. Total BSC-1 protein expression in ISOM and BSC-1 protein expression in ISOM IVs and PMs were measured by semiquantitative western blotting in SHR and aged-matched WKY rats at different ages and stages of hypertension. 3. At 5 weeks of age, SHR were prehypertensive (mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) 97 mmHg). At this age, both the total abundance and cellular distribution of BSC-1 were similar in ISOM from SHR and WKY rats. 4. As SHR aged, their hypertension progressed (MABP 137 and 195 mmHg at 8 and 14 weeks of age, respectively). Associated with the increase in MABP was an increase in both steady state protein levels of ISOM BSC-1 and the distribution of ISOM BSC-1 to PMs (four- and sixfold increases at 8 and 14 weeks of age, respectively, compared with age-matched WKY rats; P BSC-1 mRNA was measured and was found not to differ between SHR and WKY rat ISOM at any age or level of MABP. 6. We conclude that as SHR transition from prehypertensive to established hypertension, there is a marked

  15. 基于BSC-KPI的销售物流绩效考核模糊综合评价%Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation of Sales Logistics Performance Based on BSC-KPI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋宏成; 吴华萍; 刘昱

    2014-01-01

    在对BSC和KPI绩效考核方法综合评价的基础上,以销售物流绩效考核为研究对象,紧密结合销售物流企业业务特点,从BSC四个维度选择有代表性的KPI指标,构建BSC-KPI绩效考核指标体系,并在利用层次分析法进行指标权重分配的基础上进行模糊综合评价,增强了销售物流绩效评价的可靠性和可操作性,有效地优化了销售物流绩效考核方法。%In this paper, on the basis of a comprehensive evaluation of the BSC and KPI methods, with the assessment of the sales logistics performance as the subject, we established the BSC-KPI performance evaluation index system and applied the AHP to distribute the weight among the indexes to be used in the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation which reinforced the reliability and operability of the performance evaluation of sales logistics.

  16. Chronic noradrenaline increases renal expression of NHE-3, NBC-1, BSC-1 and aquaporin-2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonalker, Prajakta A; Tofovic, Stevan P; Bastacky, Sheldon I; Jackson, Edwin K

    2008-05-01

    1. Because chronic activation of the renal sympathetic nervous system promotes sodium and water retention, it is conceivable that long-term exposure of the kidney to the sympathetic neurotransmitter noradrenaline upregulates the expression of key renal epithelial transport systems. 2. To test this hypothesis, we used immunoblotting of renal cortical and medullary tissue to investigate the abundance of major transport systems expressed along the renal tubule in response to long-term (15 days) infusions of noradrenaline (600 ng/min) in rats. 3. Mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate were significantly elevated in rats receiving chronic infusions of noradrenaline (128 +/- 10 mmHg and 492 +/- 16 b.p.m., respectively) compared with animals treated with saline only (89 +/- 3 mmHg and 376 +/- 14 b.p.m., respectively). 4. Chronic infusions of noradrenaline also increased the protein abundance of the cortical Na(+)/H(+) exchanger isoform 3 (NHE-3; 2.5-fold; P = 0.0142), the cortical sodium-bicarbonate cotransporter NBC-1 (2.5-fold; P = 0.0067), the bumetanide-sensitive sodium-potassium-chloride cotransporter BSC-1/NKCC2 in the inner stripe of outer medulla (threefold; P = 0.0020) and aquaporin-2 in the inner medulla (twofold; P = 0.0039). 5. In contrast, noradrenaline did not significantly affect expression of the thiazide-sensitive Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter in the cortex, Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase-alpha(1) in the cortex and inner stripe of the outer or inner medulla, the inwardly rectifying K(+) channel (ROMK-1) in the inner stripe of the outer medulla or aquaporin-1 in the cortex or inner medulla. Noradrenaline did significantly, but modestly (less than twofold), increase aquaporin-1 in the inner stripe of the outer medulla. 6. We conclude that noradrenaline-induced increases in the expression of NHE-3, NBC-1, BSC-1 and aquaporin-2 are likely to play an important role in the regulation of salt and water transport by noradrenaline in the kidney and may explain, at least in

  17. Perceptions of Firms Learning and Growth under Knowledge Management Approach with Linkage to Balanced Scorecard (BSC): Evidence from a Multinational Corporation of Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Md. Habib- Uz- Zaman Khan; Abdel Karim Halabi

    2009-01-01

    The study attempts to measure organization’s perception on learning and growth with the help of Balanced scorecard model  in a multinational firm of Bangladesh.That is to say, in this paper it has been shown how a proper and effective knowledge management can make possible the organization's financial success that can be revealed using the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) framework. Additionally, the perception about knowledge management , its linkage to the BSC and its usage have been identified. Pr...

  18. Audiovisual resources as a useful tool to improve the teaching of coastal engineering (marine science bsc degree)

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Numerous graduates from American Universities apply for their degree homologation for the Marine Science certificate in Spain. The Spanish Ministry of Education supports this as long as they can pass an exam based on several subjects including Coastal Engineering at the University of Cadiz. The subject of Coastal Engineering is currently being taught in the third year of the BSc degree. This is a very specific subject and unfortunately there is no adequate bibliography that allows for the bre...

  19. A novel hybrid MCDM model for performance evaluation of research and technology organizations based on BSC approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varmazyar, Mohsen; Dehghanbaghi, Maryam; Afkhami, Mehdi

    2016-10-01

    Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is a strategic evaluation tool using both financial and non-financial indicators to determine the business performance of organizations or companies. In this paper, a new integrated approach based on the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) and multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methods are proposed to evaluate the performance of research centers of research and technology organization (RTO) in Iran. Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) are employed to reflect the interdependencies among BSC perspectives. Then, Analytic Network Process (ANP) is utilized to weight the indices influencing the considered problem. In the next step, we apply four MCDM methods including Additive Ratio Assessment (ARAS), Complex Proportional Assessment (COPRAS), Multi-Objective Optimization by Ratio Analysis (MOORA), and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) for ranking of alternatives. Finally, the utility interval technique is applied to combine the ranking results of MCDM methods. Weighted utility intervals are computed by constructing a correlation matrix between the ranking methods. A real case is presented to show the efficacy of the proposed approach. PMID:27371786

  20. A novel hybrid MCDM model for performance evaluation of research and technology organizations based on BSC approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varmazyar, Mohsen; Dehghanbaghi, Maryam; Afkhami, Mehdi

    2016-10-01

    Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is a strategic evaluation tool using both financial and non-financial indicators to determine the business performance of organizations or companies. In this paper, a new integrated approach based on the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) and multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methods are proposed to evaluate the performance of research centers of research and technology organization (RTO) in Iran. Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) are employed to reflect the interdependencies among BSC perspectives. Then, Analytic Network Process (ANP) is utilized to weight the indices influencing the considered problem. In the next step, we apply four MCDM methods including Additive Ratio Assessment (ARAS), Complex Proportional Assessment (COPRAS), Multi-Objective Optimization by Ratio Analysis (MOORA), and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) for ranking of alternatives. Finally, the utility interval technique is applied to combine the ranking results of MCDM methods. Weighted utility intervals are computed by constructing a correlation matrix between the ranking methods. A real case is presented to show the efficacy of the proposed approach.

  1. Altered expression of renal NHE3, TSC, BSC-1, and ENaC subunits in potassium-depleted rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elkjaer, Marie-Louise; Kwon, Tae-Hwan; Wang, Weidong; Nielsen, Jakob; Knepper, Mark A; Frøkiaer, Jørgen; Nielsen, Søren

    2002-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether hypokalemia is associated with altered abundance of major renal Na+ transporters that may contribute to the development of urinary concentrating defects. We examined the changes in the abundance of the type 3 Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE3), Na+ - K+-ATPase, the bumetanide-sensitive Na+ - K+ - 2Cl- cotransporter (BSC-1), the thiazide-sensitive Na+ - Cl- cotransporter (TSC), and epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) subunits in kidneys of hypokalemic rats. Semiquantitative immunoblotting revealed that the abundance of BSC-1 (57%) and TSC (46%) were profoundly decreased in the inner stripe of the outer medulla (ISOM) and cortex/outer stripe of the outer medulla (OSOM), respectively. These findings were confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Moreover, total kidney abundance of all ENaC subunits was significantly reduced in response to the hypokalemia: alpha-subunit (61%), beta-subunit (41%), and gamma-subunit (60%), and this was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. In contrast, the renal abundance of NHE3 in hypokalemic rats was dramatically increased in cortex/OSOM (736%) and ISOM (210%). Downregulation of BSC-1, TSC, and ENaC may contribute to the urinary concentrating defect, whereas upregulation of NHE3 may be compensatory to prevent urinary Na+ loss and/or to maintain intracellular pH levels.

  2. A hybrid algorithm of BSC and QFD to determine the criteria affecting implementation of successful outsourcing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hemati

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Successful organizations share some identical factors that pave the way for their success. Among these factors, strategic management is the key to success for organizations to contribute more to the competitive world market of today. In this respect, the pivotal role of outsourcing cannot be denied. This research parallelizes the criteria affecting the outsourcing success as presented in Elmuti model with the Balanced score card method in the Tose'e Ta'avon Bank. In this research, questionnaires and interviews with experts helped determine the strategic goals at four perspectives of balanced score card method (at Tose'e Ta'avon Bank and the relative weights were computed for each of balance score card (BSC perspectives by using AHP method. As the next step, the indexes were prioritized by applying the quality function development(QFD technique and considering strategic goals at four perspectives in section "WHAT" and the outsourcing success criteria of Elmuti model in section "HOW". At the end of algorithm, the results are compared with the Elmuti method. Based on the results, the hybrid proposed technique seems to perform better than Elmuti.

  3. Development of a Framework for Sustainable Outsourcing: Analytic Balanced Scorecard Method (A-BSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio De Felice

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, many enterprises choose to outsource its non-core business to other enterprises to reduce cost and increase the efficiency. Many enterprises choose to outsource their supply chain management (SCM and leave it to a third-party organization in order to improve their services. The paper proposes an integrated and multicriteria tool useful to monitor and to improve performance in an outsourced supply chain. The Analytic Balanced Scorecard method (A-BSC is proposed as an effective method useful to analyze strategic performance within an outsourced supply chain. The aim of the paper is to present the integration of two methodologies: Balanced Scorecard, a multiple perspective framework for performance assessment, and Analytic Hierarchy Process, a decision-making tool used to prioritize multiple performance perspectives and to generate a unified metric. The development of the framework is aimed to provide a performance analysis to achieve better sustainability performance of supply chain. A real case study concerning a typical value chain is presented.

  4. BSC methodology for determining strategy of manufacturing enterprises of SME sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Torbacka

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The main issue of this paper is to present a modern way of determining business strategy with a use of Balanced Scorecard methodology (BSC integrated with ERP/MRP rank systems for managing manufacturing companies.Design/methodology/approach: The paper presents assumptions, aims and ways of implementation of Balanced Scorecard on a background of classic manufacturing company management.Findings: A present state of software development produced for strategic company management as well as proposals of ways and directions of its development for SME sector was introduced in this paper.Research limitations/implications: Further researches should be concentrated on particularising of so-called scorecard of manufacturing company.Practical implications: The paper presents an example of a needs analyse which is necessary to be performed during a process of choosing one of ERP/MRP rank computer system for manufacturing company service.Originality/value: The paper might be useful for person dealing with modern techniques of manufacturing company management.

  5. Lecturers' experiences of facilitating guided group reflection with pre-registration BSc Nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mc Carthy, Jane; Cassidy, Irene; Tuohy, Dympna

    2013-01-01

    The development of reflective practitioners is integral to undergraduate nursing degree programmes. This study reports on lecturers' experiences of facilitating guided group reflection with pre-registration BSc Nursing students.The research purposively sampled lecturers (n=7) working in a department of nursing and midwifery at a third level institute in Ireland, all of whom were registered nurses. Using a qualitative research approach, data was collected through audio-taped semi-structured individual interviews. The data were thematically analysed using guidelines developed by Braun and Clarke (2006). Tripartite researcher discussion and further analysis of these initial individual analyses led to consensus regarding the three themes arising from the study. These were: Being a facilitator; Facilitating reflective learning and Creating structure. The discussion centred on: having knowledge and experience to effectively facilitate guided group reflection; the influence of the facilitator's personal philosophy on reflection and adult learning on group facilitation; and finally concerns regarding professional responsibility in response to students' reflective practice accounts.

  6. Implementation of Information Management System for Radiation Safety of Personnel at the Russian Northwest Center for Radioactive Waste Management 'SevRAO' - 13131

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report is an overview of the information-analytical system designed to assure radiation safety of workers. The system was implemented in the Northwest Radioactive Waste Management Center 'SevRAO' (which is a branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise 'Radioactive Waste Management Enterprise RosRAO'). The center is located in the Northwest Russia. In respect to 'SevRAO', the Federal Medical-Biological Agency is the regulatory body, which deals with issues of radiation control. The main document to regulate radiation control is 'Reference levels of radiation factors in radioactive wastes management center'. This document contains about 250 parameters. We have developed a software tool to simplify control of these parameters. The software includes: input interface, the database, dose calculating module and analytical block. Input interface is used to enter radiation environment data. Dose calculating module calculates the dose on the route. Analytical block optimizes and analyzes radiation situation maps. Much attention is paid to the GUI and graphical representation of results. The operator can enter the route at the industrial site or watch the fluctuations of the dose rate field on the map. Most of the results are presented in a visual form. Here we present some analytical tasks, such as comparison of the dose rate in some point with control levels at this point, to be solved for the purpose of radiation safety control. The program helps to identify points making the largest contribution to the collective dose of the personnel. The tool can automatically calculate the route with the lowest dose, compare and choose the best route. The program uses several options to visualize the radiation environment at the industrial site. This system will be useful for radiation monitoring services during the operation, planning of works and development of scenarios. The paper presents some applications of this system on real data over three years - from March 2009 to

  7. Implementation of Information Management System for Radiation Safety of Personnel at the Russian Northwest Center for Radioactive Waste Management 'SevRAO' - 13131

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chizhov, K.; Simakov, A.; Seregin, V.; Kudrin, I.; Shandala, N.; Tsovyanov, A.; Kryuchkov, V. [Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency, RF Ministry of Health and Social Development. 46, Zhivopisnaya St., Moscow, 123182 (Russian Federation); Krasnoschekov, A.; Kosnikov, A. [Northwest Center for Radioactive Waste Management ' SevRAO' - a branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise ' Enterprise for Radioactive Waste Management' ' RosRAO' 183017, Murmansk, Lobova st., 100 (Russian Federation); Kemsky, I. [Regional management - 120 of the Federal Medical-Biological Agency, 184682, Snezhnogorsk, Valentina Biryukova St., 5/1 (Russian Federation); Sneve, M. [Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Postboks 55, 1332 Oesteraas (Norway)

    2013-07-01

    The report is an overview of the information-analytical system designed to assure radiation safety of workers. The system was implemented in the Northwest Radioactive Waste Management Center 'SevRAO' (which is a branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise 'Radioactive Waste Management Enterprise RosRAO'). The center is located in the Northwest Russia. In respect to 'SevRAO', the Federal Medical-Biological Agency is the regulatory body, which deals with issues of radiation control. The main document to regulate radiation control is 'Reference levels of radiation factors in radioactive wastes management center'. This document contains about 250 parameters. We have developed a software tool to simplify control of these parameters. The software includes: input interface, the database, dose calculating module and analytical block. Input interface is used to enter radiation environment data. Dose calculating module calculates the dose on the route. Analytical block optimizes and analyzes radiation situation maps. Much attention is paid to the GUI and graphical representation of results. The operator can enter the route at the industrial site or watch the fluctuations of the dose rate field on the map. Most of the results are presented in a visual form. Here we present some analytical tasks, such as comparison of the dose rate in some point with control levels at this point, to be solved for the purpose of radiation safety control. The program helps to identify points making the largest contribution to the collective dose of the personnel. The tool can automatically calculate the route with the lowest dose, compare and choose the best route. The program uses several options to visualize the radiation environment at the industrial site. This system will be useful for radiation monitoring services during the operation, planning of works and development of scenarios. The paper presents some applications of this system on real data

  8. 非线性阵列Khatri-Rao子空间宽带DOA估计%Khatri-Rao Subspace Wideband DOA Estimation for Nonlinear Array

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘捷; 周建江

    2013-01-01

    A Khatri-Rao subspace based wideband direction-of-arrive (DOA) estimation algorithm for nonlinear arrays without preliminary angle estimation is proposed. Prom steering vectors of the Khatri-Rao subspace virtual array, the wideband focusing matrix regardless of DOAs is constructed with a manifold separation technique. Benefited from the increased dimensions of the Khatri-Rao subspace virtual array, preliminary angle estimation can be avoided and the algorithm still performs well. On the other hand, by using Root-MUSIC, this method can avoid expensive spectrum searching used in conventional methods so as to reduce the computational burden. Simulations show that performance of the proposed method is close to the preliminary angle estimation needed Khatri-Rao subspace wideband DOA estimation algorithm, FKR-RSS. The proposed method performs better than FKR-RSS when the number of sources is more than the number of sensors.%针对非线性阵列,基于Khatri-Rao子空间概念提出一种新的无预估角宽带到达角(direction-of-arrive,DOA)估计方法.从Khatri-Rao子空间虚拟阵列导向矢量出发,利用虚拟阵列所增加的维数,以流形分离技术构造与到达角无关的宽带聚焦矩阵,无需预估角且估计性能良好.采用Root-MUSIC算法避免传统算法中的谱峰搜索过程,降低了计算量.仿真结果表明,该方法与需要预估角的已有Khatri-Rao子空间宽带DOA估计方法FKR-RSS相比,具有相近的估计精度和目标分辨力.在信号源数大于阵元数的情况下,其性能优于FKR-RSS.

  9. EARLINET dust observations vs. BSC-DREAM8b modeled profiles: 12-year-long systematic comparison at Potenza, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mona, L.; Papagiannopoulos, N.; Basart, S.; Baldasano, J.; Binietoglou, I.; Cornacchia, C.; Pappalardo, G.

    2014-08-01

    In this paper, we report the first systematic comparison of 12-year modeled dust extinction profiles vs. Raman lidar measurements. We use the BSC-DREAM8b model, one of the most widely used dust regional models in the Mediterranean, and Potenza EARLINET lidar profiles for Saharan dust cases, the largest one-site database of dust extinction profiles. A total of 310 dust cases were compared for the May 2000-July 2012 period. The model reconstructs the measured layers well: profiles are correlated within 5% of significance for 60% of the cases and the dust layer center of mass as measured by lidar and modeled by BSC-DREAM8b differ on average 0.3 ± 1.0 km. Events with a dust optical depth lower than 0.1 account for 70% of uncorrelated profiles. Although there is good agreement in terms of profile shape and the order of magnitude of extinction values, the model overestimates the occurrence of dust layer top above 10 km. Comparison with extinction profiles measured by the Raman lidar shows that BSC-DREAM8b typically underestimates the dust extinction coefficient, in particular below 3 km. Lowest model-observation differences (below 17%) correspond to a lidar ratio at 532 nm and Ångström exponent at 355/532 nm of 60 ± 13 and 0.1 ± 0.6 sr, respectively. These are in agreement with values typically observed and modeled for pure desert dust. However, the highest differences (higher than 85%) are typically related to greater Ångström values (0.5 ± 0.6), denoting smaller particles. All these aspects indicate that the level of agreement decreases with an increase in mixing/modification processes.

  10. A cause and effect two-stage BSC-DEA method for measuring the relative efficiency of organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Esmaeel Najafi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an integration of balanced score card (BSE with two-stage data envelopment analysis (DEA. The proposed model of this paper uses different financial and non-financial perspectives to evaluate the performance of decision making units in different BSC stages. At each stage, a two-stage DEA method is implemented to measure the relative efficiency of decision making units and the results are monitored using the cause and effect relationships. An empirical study for a banking sector is also performed using the method developed in this paper and the results are briefly analyzed.

  11. BSC 隐性故障导致 EVDO 下行异常处理案例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊林

    2013-01-01

      CDMA-EVDO 上网速率异常变满不容易排查,原因是从终端到 INTERNAT 经过很多网元设备,涉及很多不同的协议,缺乏统一的分析处理工具。本文介绍一起 BSC 隐性故障造成上传速度正常,但是下载速度异常的处理案例,旨在提供一种隐性故障的处理思路。

  12. A Three Year Undergraduate Program (B.SC) in Medical Radiation Physics in the Ariel University Center of Samaria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A three year undergraduate program (B.Sc.) in Medical Radiation Physics was established in the Ariel University Center of Samaria. The program was submitted to the Council of Higher Education (MALAG) in 2003 and was finally approved by the Council on October 2005. Registration for the first class was announced in January 2006. Studies started on October 2006. Of 24 candidates who applied, 16 were admitted. 12 of the 16 students completed their study duties in the first year. All of them started their second year studies in October 2007

  13. 浅析经济增加值(EVA)与平衡计分卡(BSC)的融合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭向宇; 韩晓丽

    2012-01-01

    经济增加值(EVA)与平衡计分卡(BSC)是20世纪初从西方国家兴起的两个功能强大而又密切相关的管理会计工具.EVA是企业经营的终极目标,而BSC可以有效提升并驱动EVA的实现.因此,实现EVA与BSC的融合,对学界和业界都有着重大而深远的影响.

  14. Heat-preconditioning confers protection from Ca2+-mediated cell toxicity in renal tubular epithelial cells (BSC-1)

    OpenAIRE

    Kuhlmann, Martin K.; Betz, Regina; Hanselmann, Rainer; Köhler, Hans

    1997-01-01

    A rise in intracellular calcium may mediate ischemic damage by phospholipid hydrolysis and proteolysis Heat shock proteins have been shown to provide protection from various forms of cell stress, but not from models of Ca2+-mediated injury. The effect of heat preconditioning in a model of ionomycin-induced injury in cultured renal tubular epitheliaal cells (BSC-1) was examined. Hsp70-mRNA expression was induced by hyperthermia (HT) (42°C, 60 min). Hsp70 protein accumulation was maximal after ...

  15. A phase 2, randomized, double-blind, multicenter study comparing siltuximab plus best supportive care (BSC) with placebo plus BSC in anemic patients with International Prognostic Scoring System low- or intermediate-1-risk myelodysplastic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Manero, Guillermo; Gartenberg, Gary; Steensma, David P; Schipperus, Martin R; Breems, Dimitri A; de Paz, Raquel; Valcárcel, David; Kranenburg, Britte; Reddy, Manjula; Komrokji, Rami S

    2014-09-01

    Interleukin-6 (IL-6) may play an important role in the pathophysiology of anemia of inflammation associated with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). This double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 study assessed the efficacy and safety of siltuximab, a chimeric anti-IL-6 monoclonal antibody, in patients with low- and intermediate-1-risk MDS who require transfusions for MDS anemia. Patients were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to siltuximab 15 mg kg(-1) every 4 weeks + best supportive care (BSC) or placebo + BSC for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was reduction in red blood cell (RBC) transfusions to treat MDS anemia, defined as ≥50% relative decrease and ≥2-unit absolute decrease in RBC transfusions. Fifty and 26 patients were randomized to the siltuximab and placebo groups, respectively. The study did not meet its prespecified hypothesis, with six (12%) patients in the siltuximab group and one (3.8%) in the placebo group having reductions in RBC transfusions (P = 0.271). At the time of the planned futility analysis, the prespecified cutoff criteria were not met, and the study was terminated early due to lack of efficacy. No unexpected safety findings were observed. In conclusion, compared to placebo, treatment with siltuximab did not reduce RBC transfusions in transfusion-dependent patients with low- and intermediate-1-risk MDS. Future studies might explore siltuximab in patients with less iron overload and with elevated IL-6 levels and/or using higher doses for MDS.

  16. Classification and Prioritization of Strategic Plans in Balanced Score Card (BSC Model by Fuzzy Quality Function Deployment and Zero-One Goal Programming (ZOGP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    mehdi pourmostafa

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Due to continuous changes in organizational environment, there is no warranty for long term survival in the market. Currently, those organizations can succeed that are agile and able to rapidly respond to environmental requirements. In this research a model has been proposed for applying proper strategies for achieving long term organizational success. The proposed model is an integration of Balanced Score Card (BSC approach, Fuzzy Quality Function Development (FQFD and Zero-One Goal Programming (ZOGP. In fact by BSC, appropriate strategic plans can be designed and prioritized by FQFD. Then, based on multiple objectives and existing problem constraints, feasible strategic plans are identified by ZOGP. Findings imply that decision making techniques can be well utilized in designing BSC through a structured methodology make improvement in all aspects and have a positive influence on organization's performance in long term .   Keywords : B alanced Score Card , Fuzzy Quality Function Development, Zero-One Goal Programming, Strategic plans

  17. Performance measurement in governmental agencies using BSC-AHP: A case study of Civil Registry Office in Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Valashjerdi Majd Abad Kohneh

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Measuring the performance of governmental organizations plays an important role on increasing public satisfaction in any society. One of the effective models for assessing the organizations performance is balance scorecard (BSC model, which investigates all aspects of organizations. In this paper, we use a hybrid of analytical hierarchy process along with BSC to measure the performance of five different civil registry offices in Tehran, Iran. We use fuzzy terms to handle uncertainty in input numbers and using some technique convert fuzzy numbers into crisp values. The results of our survey indicate that learning and development is number one priority with relative importance of 0.491, followed by customer with relative importance of 0.293, internal process with relative importance of 0.173 and financial affairs comes at last with relative weight of 0.043. The study uses organizational researchers, training, quality, customer satisfaction, performance measurement, expenses and annual budget as major components for analyzing five regions. We have also performed sensitivity analysis to see the effects of different changes on ranking.

  18. A BSC- EFQM method for evaluating and detecting performance measurement criteria: A case study of Malavan Footbal team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heydar Shojaee Vazhnani

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to find important criteria for performance measurement based on two methods of balanced score card (BSC as well as European Foundation of Quality Management (EFQM methods. In order to determine the mission, vision, strategy and values we first review different documents including International Federation of football documentations, AFC and Football Federation of the Islamic Republic of Iran and Charter Club. Next, we determine the necessary criteria for performance measurement using interview with decision makers, design a questionnaire and distribute it among 57 players and coaching staff as well as experts, veterans and supporters club. Next, we study the results using t-student test and analyze them. The results are categorized in terms of four criteria of BSC method including internal processes, learning and growth, costumer and financial. In addition, key performance results based on the Excellence Model are classified according to nine areas of leadership, strategy, human resources, partnerships and resources, processes, customer results, human resource results and society.

  19. 高职学院平衡计分卡业绩评价系统探究%Research on the Higher Vocational College BSC Performance Evaluation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓荣; 王龙

    2013-01-01

      在概要介绍平衡计分卡及其业绩评价的基础上,基于Visual C#.net、MATLAB和嵌入式组件技术开发了平衡计分卡业绩评价系统,为高职院校平衡计分卡的顺利实施创造了条件。%Based on the brief introduction and performance evaluation of BSC,the BSC system is developed by Visual C#.NET,MATLAB and embedded component technology,it helps higher vocational colleges to finish smoothly.

  20. Assessment of cognition using the Rao's Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests on a group of Brazilian patients with multiple sclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Bruno Bidin Brooks

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available To assess the cognition of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS using the Rao's Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests (BRB-N. METHOD: BRB-N was translated and adapted for control subjects. Subsequently, it was applied to a group of patients with relapsing-remitting (RR MS. RESULTS: The assessment on the healthy controls (n=47 showed that the correlation between tests on the same cognitive domain was high and that there was a five-factor solution that explained 90% of the total variance. Except for the Word List Generation subset of tests, the performance of patients with RRMS (n=39 was worse than that of the healthy controls. CONCLUSION: BRB-N is a relatively simple method to assess cognition of patients with MS in the daily clinic. It does not take long to apply and does not require special skills or equipment.

  1. State estimation with quantized innovations in wireless sensor networks:Gaussian mixture estimator and posterior Crame´r-Rao lower bound

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Zhi; Li Jianxun; Liu Liu; Liu Zhaolei; Han Shan

    2015-01-01

    Since the features of low energy consumption and limited power supply are very impor-tant for wireless sensor networks (WSNs), the problems of distributed state estimation with quan-tized innovations are investigated in this paper. In the first place, the assumptions of prior and posterior probability density function (PDF) with quantized innovations in the previous papers are analyzed. After that, an innovative Gaussian mixture estimator is proposed. On this basis, this paper presents a Gaussian mixture state estimation algorithm based on quantized innovations for WSNs. In order to evaluate and compare the performance of this kind of state estimation algo-rithms for WSNs, the posterior Cramer–Rao lower bound (CRLB) with quantized innovations is put forward. Performance analysis and simulations show that the proposed Gaussian mixture state estimation algorithm is efficient than the others under the same number of quantization levels and the performance of these algorithms can be benchmarked by the theoretical lower bound.

  2. State estimation with quantized innovations in wireless sensor networks: Gaussian mixture estimator and posterior Cramér–Rao lower bound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Zhi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Since the features of low energy consumption and limited power supply are very important for wireless sensor networks (WSNs, the problems of distributed state estimation with quantized innovations are investigated in this paper. In the first place, the assumptions of prior and posterior probability density function (PDF with quantized innovations in the previous papers are analyzed. After that, an innovative Gaussian mixture estimator is proposed. On this basis, this paper presents a Gaussian mixture state estimation algorithm based on quantized innovations for WSNs. In order to evaluate and compare the performance of this kind of state estimation algorithms for WSNs, the posterior Cramér–Rao lower bound (CRLB with quantized innovations is put forward. Performance analysis and simulations show that the proposed Gaussian mixture state estimation algorithm is efficient than the others under the same number of quantization levels and the performance of these algorithms can be benchmarked by the theoretical lower bound.

  3. Análise do processo de implantação do Balanced Scorecard (BSC em uma instituição de ensino superior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josilene Martins Rocha

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to evaluate the critical factors for the implementation of the methodology of Balanced Scorecard (BSC in a higher education institution. The method used consisted of an exploratory research through in-depth interviews with eight managers who played an important role in the process of implementing the BSC. Data analysis began with transcription of the interviews and subsequent review of the content, being highlighted as positives the recognition of the importance of strategic planning for a higher education institution; the existence of a common strategic direction; the definition of comprehensive institutional priorities; the creation of a deployment team able to spread the BSC methodology; owning an information technology tool to support the process and rely the active participation of senior management. Moreover, the integration of the BSC system to others used by the University and the deepening of the long-term strategic management culture, were identified as challenges to greater ownership by the users of the tool.

  4. Long-Term Supplementation with Beta Serum Concentrate (BSC, a Complex of Milk Lipids, during Post-Natal Brain Development Improves Memory in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Guan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available We have previously reported that the supplementation of ganglioside-enriched complex-milk-lipids improves cognitive function and that a phospholipid-enriched complex-milk-lipid prevents age-related cognitive decline in rats. This current study evaluated the effects of post-natal supplementation of ganglioside- and phospholipid-enriched complex-milk-lipids beta serum concentrate (BSC on cognitive function in young rats. The diet of male rats was supplemented with either gels formulated BSC (n = 16 or blank gels (n = 16 from post-natal day 10 to day 70. Memory and anxiety-like behaviors were evaluated using the Morris water maze, dark–light boxes, and elevated plus maze tests. Neuroplasticity and white matter were measured using immunohistochemical staining. The overall performance in seven-day acquisition trials was similar between the groups. Compared with the control group, BSC supplementation reduced the latency to the platform during day one of the acquisition tests. Supplementation improved memory by showing reduced latency and improved path efficiency to the platform quadrant, and smaller initial heading error from the platform zone. Supplemented rats showed an increase in striatal dopamine terminals and hippocampal glutamate receptors. Thus BSC supplementation during post-natal brain development improved learning and memory, independent from anxiety. The moderately enhanced neuroplasticity in dopamine and glutamate may be biological changes underlying the improved cognitive function.

  5. Long-Term Supplementation with Beta Serum Concentrate (BSC), a Complex of Milk Lipids, during Post-Natal Brain Development Improves Memory in Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, Jian; MacGibbon, Alastair; Fong, Bertram; Zhang, Rong; Liu, Karen; Rowan, Angela; McJarrow, Paul

    2015-06-05

    We have previously reported that the supplementation of ganglioside-enriched complex-milk-lipids improves cognitive function and that a phospholipid-enriched complex-milk-lipid prevents age-related cognitive decline in rats. This current study evaluated the effects of post-natal supplementation of ganglioside- and phospholipid-enriched complex-milk-lipids beta serum concentrate (BSC) on cognitive function in young rats. The diet of male rats was supplemented with either gels formulated BSC (n = 16) or blank gels (n = 16) from post-natal day 10 to day 70. Memory and anxiety-like behaviors were evaluated using the Morris water maze, dark-light boxes, and elevated plus maze tests. Neuroplasticity and white matter were measured using immunohistochemical staining. The overall performance in seven-day acquisition trials was similar between the groups. Compared with the control group, BSC supplementation reduced the latency to the platform during day one of the acquisition tests. Supplementation improved memory by showing reduced latency and improved path efficiency to the platform quadrant, and smaller initial heading error from the platform zone. Supplemented rats showed an increase in striatal dopamine terminals and hippocampal glutamate receptors. Thus BSC supplementation during post-natal brain development improved learning and memory, independent from anxiety. The moderately enhanced neuroplasticity in dopamine and glutamate may be biological changes underlying the improved cognitive function.

  6. 谈经济增加值(EVA)与平衡记分卡(BSC)的整合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李睿; 刘向伟

    2010-01-01

    企业的绩效评价体系影响着企业的经营方式,进而影响着企业自身的可持续发展.文章通过对企业社会责任理论、利益相关者理论以及经济增加值(EVA)和平衡记分卡(BSC)相关文献的梳理研究,提出了以利益相关者为基础的扩展的平衡记分卡(EBSC)和可持续经济增加值(SEVA)概念,并对两者进行整合,为企业战略实施和绩效评价提供了新的视角.

  7. Volcanic ash modeling with the online NMMB/BSC-ASH-v1.0: A novel multiscale meteorological model for operational forecast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marti, Alejandro; Folch, Arnau; Jorba, Oriol; Janjic, Zavisa

    2016-04-01

    Volcanic ash forecast became a research priority and a social concern as a consequence of the severe air-traffic disruptions caused by the eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull (Iceland, 2010) and Cordón Caulle (Chile, 2011) volcanoes. Significant progress has taken place in the aftermath of these dramatic events to improve the accuracy of Volcanic Ash Transport and Dispersal (VATD) models and lessen its associated uncertainties. Various levels of uncertainties affect both the quantification of the source term and the driving meteorological inputs. Substantial research is being performed to reduce and quantify epistemic and aleatoric uncertainties affecting the source term. However, uncertainties arising from the driving NWPMs and its coupling offline with the VATDMs have received little attention, even if the experience from other communities (e.g. air quality) highlights the importance of coupling online dispersal and meteorological modeling. Consequently, the need for integrated predictions to represent these two-way feedback effects of the volcanic pollutants on local-scale meteorology is timely. The aim of this talk is to present the NMMB/BSC-ASH, a new on-line multi-scale meteorological model to simulate the emission, transport and deposition of tephra particles released from volcanic eruptions. The model builds on the NMMB/BSC Chemical Transport Model (NMMB/BSC-CTM), which we have modified to account for the specifics of volcanic particles. The final objective in developing the NMMB/BSC-ASH model is two-fold. On one hand, at a research level, we aim at studying the differences between the online/offline approaches and quantify the two-way feedback effect of dense volcanic ash clouds on the radiative budget and regional meteorology. On the other hand, at an operational level, the low computational cost of the NMMB dynamic core suggests that NMMB/BSC-ASH could be applied in a future for more accurate online operational forecasting of volcanic ash clouds.

  8. Radiological protection regulation during spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management in the Western Branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise 'SevRAO'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The site of temporary storage of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste, situated at Andreeva Bay in Northwest Russia, was developed in the 1960s, and it has carried out receipt and storage of fresh and spent nuclear fuel, and solid and liquid radioactive waste generated during the operation of nuclear submarines and nuclear-powered icebreakers. The site is now operated as the western branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise, SevRAO. In the course of operation over several decades, the containment barriers in the Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste storage facilities partially lost their containment effectiveness, so workshop facilities and parts of the site became contaminated with radioactive substances. This paper describes work being undertaken to provide an updated regulatory basis for the protection of workers during especially hazardous remediation activities, necessary because of the unusual radiation conditions at the site. It describes the results of recent survey work carried out by the Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Centre, within a programme of regulatory cooperation between the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority and the Federal Medical-Biological Agency of Russia. The survey work and subsequent analyses have contributed to the development of special regulations setting out radiological protection requirements for operations planned at the site. Within these requirements, and taking account of a variety of other factors, a continuing need arises for the implementation of optimisation of remediation at Andreeva Bay.

  9. Carrier and Clock Recovery in (Turbo-Coded Systems: Cramér-Rao Bound and Synchronizer Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Moeneclaey

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we derive the Cramér-Rao bound (CRB for joint carrier phase, carrier frequency, and timing estimation from a noisy linearly modulated signal with encoded data symbols. We obtain a closed-form expression for the CRB in terms of the marginal a posteriori probabilities of the coded symbols, allowing efficient numerical evaluation of the CRB for a wide range of coded systems by means of the BCJR algorithm. Simulation results are presented for a rate 1/2 turbo code combined with QPSK mapping. We point out that the synchronization parameters for the coded system are essentially decoupled. We find that, at the normal (i.e., low operating SNR of the turbo-coded system, the true CRB for coded transmission is (i essentially the same as the modified CRB and (ii considerably smaller than the true CRB for uncoded transmission. Comparison of actual synchronizer performance with the CRB for turbo-coded QPSK reveals that a “code-aware” soft-decision-directed synchronizer can perform very closely to this CRB, whereas “code-unaware” estimators such as the conventional non-data-aided algorithm are substantially worse; when operating on coded signals, the performance of the latter synchronizers is still limited by the CRB for uncoded transmission.

  10. Analysis of the Bayesian Cramer-Rao lower bound in astrometry: Studying the impact of prior information in the location of an object

    CERN Document Server

    Echeverria, Alex; Mendez, Rene A; Orchard, Marcos

    2016-01-01

    Context. The best precision that can be achieved to estimate the location of a stellar-like object is a topic of permanent interest in the astrometric community. Aims. We analyse bounds for the best position estimation of a stellar-like object on a CCD detector array in a Bayesian setting where the position is unknown, but where we have access to a prior distribution. In contrast to a parametric setting where we estimate a parameter from observations, the Bayesian approach estimates a random object (i.e., the position is a random variable) from observations that are statistically dependent on the position. Methods. We characterize the Bayesian Cramer-Rao (CR) that bounds the minimum mean square error (MMSE) of the best estimator of the position of a point source on a linear CCD-like detector, as a function of the properties of detector, the source, and the background. Results. We quantify and analyse the increase in astrometric performance from the use of a prior distribution of the object position, which is ...

  11. The Application Based on BSC in Performance Evaluation of the Clinical Departments of Public Hospitals%基于BSC 的公立医院临床科室绩效考核指标应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方孝梅; 罗杰; 涂自良; 明星辰; 张毅; 杨婷

    2013-01-01

    To build a public hospital clinical departments indicators of performance appraisal based on the BSC concept .Compar-ing the changes before and after the application of relevant indicators ,we can see it can promote the continuous improvement of the quality of medical care .We can provide guidance for the hospital to develop clinical indicators of performance appraisal ,ensure a bal-anced development of hospital quality and efficiency by exploring four dimensions indicators of the financial ,customers ,internal oper-ational processes ,and learning and growth indicators .%  探讨公立医院以BSC的理念构建临床科室绩效考核指标,通过对比应用前后的相关指标,以及临床绩效考核指标的应用,达到促进医疗质量的持续改善。通过财务、客户、内部运营流程以及学习与成长4个维度指标的应用效果的分析,为医院制定临床绩效考核指标提出指导意见,确保医院质量和效益均衡发展。

  12. 数字档案馆绩效评估中引入BSC的必要性与适用性%The Necessity and Applicability When Introducing BSC to the Digital Archives of the Performance Evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜丙通

    2014-01-01

    BSC是组织战略管理与绩效评估的重要工具之一,将其引入数字档案馆绩效评估中有现实必要性与客观适用性。%BSC is one of the important tools of organization strategy management and performance evaluation, introducing BSC to the digital archives of the performance evaluation is necessary and suitable.

  13. Essential role for NHERF in cAMP-mediated inhibition of the Na+-HCO3- co-transporter in BSC-1 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinman, E J; Evangelista, C M; Steplock, D; Liu, M Z; Shenolikar, S; Bernardo, A

    2001-11-01

    Prior studies have indicated a requirement for the PDZ domain-containing protein, Na(+)/H(+) Exchanger Regulatory Factor (NHERF), for protein kinase A (PKA)-mediated inhibition of the renal basolateral Na(+)-HCO(3)(-) co-transporter (NBC). The present studies explore the potential mechanisms by which NHERF transduces cAMP signals to inhibit NBC. In BSC-1 cells, cells that express NBC but lack NHERF, 8-bromo-cAMP (100 microm for 15 min) failed to inhibit transport until wild-type mNHERF-(1-355) was expressed. mNHERF-(116-355) containing PDZ II and C-terminal ezrin-binding sequences or a mutant unphosphorylated form of rabbit NHERF effectively transduced the cAMP signals that inhibited NBC. By contrast, mNHERF-(1-126) encompassing N-terminal PDZ I and mNHERF-(1-325), which lacks ezrin-binding, failed to support cAMP inhibition of NBC activity. NBC and NHERF did not associate with each other in yeast two-hybrid or co-immunoprecipitation assays, and confocal microscopy indicated distinct subcellular localization of the two proteins. NBC was phosphorylated in BSC-1 cells, but its phosphorylation was not increased by cAMP nor was immunoprecipitated NBC phosphorylated by PKA in vitro. Acute exposure of mNHERF-(1-355)-expressing BSC-1 cells to cAMP did not change cell surface expression of NBC. Although these results established an essential role for NHERF in cAMP-mediated inhibition of NBC in BSC-1 cells, they also suggest a novel mechanism for NHERF-mediated signal transduction distinct from that previously characterized from studies of other NHERF targets.

  14. Gas-phase evaluation of the online NMMB/BSC-CTM model over Europe for 2010 in the framework of the AQMEII-Phase2 project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badia, A.; Jorba, O.

    2015-08-01

    The Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative Phase2 aims to intercompare online coupled regional-scale models over North America and Europe. The NMMB/BSC Chemical Transport Model (NMMB/BSC-CTM) is a fully online integrated system for meso- to global-scale applications under development at the Barcelona Supercomputing Center. The NMMB/BSC-CTM is applied to Europe for the year 2010 in the framework of the AQMEII-Phase2 intercomparison exercise. This paper presents a spatial, temporal and vertical evaluation of the gas-phase model results. This is the first time that the model has been evaluated on a regional scale over a whole annual cycle. The model is compared with available ground-based monitoring stations for relevant reactive gases, ozonesondes, and OMI and MOPITT satellite retrievals of NO2 and CO. A comparative analysis of the present results and several European model evaluations is also presented here. The seasonal cycle for O3, NO2, SO2 and CO is successfully reproduced by the model. The O3 daily mean and daily maximum correlations for the analysed period are r = 0.68 and r = 0.75, respectively. The OMI tropospheric NO2 column retrievals are well reproduced, capturing the most polluted areas over Europe throughout the whole year. Modelled SO2 and CO surface concentrations are generally underestimated, especially during the winter months. Two different vertical configurations of the model (24 and 48 vertical layers) are also analysed. Although model results are very similar, the simulation configured with 48 vertical layers provides better results regarding surface O3 concentrations during summer. Compared to previous model evaluations, the NMMB/BSC-CTM's performance corresponds to state-of-the-art regional air quality models.

  15. 基于BSC的ERP实施绩效评价研究%A Study on the Performance Evaluation of ERP Implementation Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹明信; 徐学军

    2006-01-01

    在ERP实施绩效评价的现状分析的基础上,结合ERP实施的总体目标,提出了基于BSC(Balanced Scorecard,平衡积分法)的ERP实施绩效评价指标体系,同时运用专家综合评价方法,进行了应用举例.

  16. Modelling direct radiative effect of mineral dust with the NMMB/BSC-CTM for dust outbreak events over the Mediterranean in summer 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obiso, Vincezo; Jorba, Oriol; Basart, Sara; Baldasano, Jose M.; Nabat, Pierre

    2014-05-01

    Aerosols interact with the atmospheric system scattering and absorbing solar radiation, with a significant impact on atmospheric energy and hydrologic processes. Radiative forcing associated with these perturbations affects climate and meteorology. In this contribution, we analyse model results of the Direct Radiative Effect (DRE) of mineral dust over the western-Mediterranean during summer 2012. For that, the NMMB/BSC Chemical Transport Model (NMMB/BSC-CTM) is applied on a regional domain at 0.1º horizontal resolution. The NMMB/BSC-CTM is a new on-line chemical weather prediction system coupling atmospheric and chemistry processes. In the radiation module of the model mineral dust is treated as a radiatively active substance interacting both short and longwave radiation. The impact of the mineral dust outbreaks on meteorology is discussed by comparing model forecasts with atmospheric analysis and meteorological observations. The analysis focuses in the vertical structure of the atmosphere and the resulting surface meteorological conditions. The authors acknowledge the support from the grant SEV-2011-00067 of Severo Ochoa Program, awarded by the Spanish Government.

  17. Analysis of the Bayesian Cramér-Rao lower bound in astrometry. Studying the impact of prior information in the location of an object

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echeverria, Alex; Silva, Jorge F.; Mendez, Rene A.; Orchard, Marcos

    2016-10-01

    Context. The best precision that can be achieved to estimate the location of a stellar-like object is a topic of permanent interest in the astrometric community. Aims: We analyze bounds for the best position estimation of a stellar-like object on a CCD detector array in a Bayesian setting where the position is unknown, but where we have access to a prior distribution. In contrast to a parametric setting where we estimate a parameter from observations, the Bayesian approach estimates a random object (i.e., the position is a random variable) from observations that are statistically dependent on the position. Methods: We characterize the Bayesian Cramér-Rao (CR) that bounds the minimum mean square error (MMSE) of the best estimator of the position of a point source on a linear CCD-like detector, as a function of the properties of detector, the source, and the background. Results: We quantify and analyze the increase in astrometric performance from the use of a prior distribution of the object position, which is not available in the classical parametric setting. This gain is shown to be significant for various observational regimes, in particular in the case of faint objects or when the observations are taken under poor conditions. Furthermore, we present numerical evidence that the MMSE estimator of this problem tightly achieves the Bayesian CR bound. This is a remarkable result, demonstrating that all the performance gains presented in our analysis can be achieved with the MMSE estimator. Conclusions: The Bayesian CR bound can be used as a benchmark indicator of the expected maximum positional precision of a set of astrometric measurements in which prior information can be incorporated. This bound can be achieved through the conditional mean estimator, in contrast to the parametric case where no unbiased estimator precisely reaches the CR bound.

  18. The design of performance appraisal system of mine construction project Based on the BSC%基于 BSC 的矿井建设工程项目绩效评价指标体系设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟建锋; 梁磊宁

    2014-01-01

    Mine construction is a complicated project .Due to the particularity of the mine project ,it must strengthen the performance appraisal of mine construction .Traditional performance appraisal of the mine construction is mainly from the aspects of quality ,safety ,schedule ,cost ,etc .the appraisal is simple with single appraisal indexes .So this paper takes BSC as the instruction ,design the mine construction engineering project management of the high performance strategy map according to the particularity of mine construction project ,and construct the mine construction project performance evaluation index system ,so as to realize the effective connection strategy and performance appraisal and promote the improvement of the mine construction project management performance .%矿井建设工程一项复杂的系统工程,由于矿建工程的特殊性,必须加强矿井建设的绩效评价。而传统的矿建工程绩效评价主要从质量、安全、进度、成本等方面进行简单的评价,评价指标单一并缺乏系统性,基于此本文以平衡计分卡的管理思想为指导,结合矿井建设工程项目的特殊性,设计了矿井建设工程项目管理高绩效的战略地图,并据此构建了矿井建设工程项目绩效评价指标体系,以实现战略和绩效评价的有效衔接,促进矿井建设工程项目管理绩效的改善。

  19. 25-year analysis of a dental undergraduate research training program (BSc Dent) at the University of Manitoba Faculty of Dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, J E; de Vries, J; Iacopino, A M

    2008-12-01

    Research in the context of the dental school has traditionally been focused on institutional/faculty accomplishments and generating new knowledge to benefit the profession. Only recently have significant efforts been made to expand the overall research programming into the formal dental curriculum, to provide students with a baseline exposure to the research and critical thinking processes, encourage evidence-based decision-making, and stimulate interest in academic/research careers. Various approaches to curriculum reform and the establishment of multiple levels of student research opportunities are now part of the educational fabric of many dental schools worldwide. Many of the preliminary reports regarding the success and vitality of these programs have used outcomes measures and metrics that emphasize cultural changes within institutions, student research productivity, and student career preferences after graduation. However, there have not been any reports from long-standing programs (a minimum of 25 years of cumulative data) that describe dental school graduates who have had the benefit of research/training experiences during their dental education. The University of Manitoba Faculty of Dentistry initiated a BSc Dent program in 1980 that awarded a formal degree for significant research experiences taking place within the laboratories of the Faculty-based researchers and has continued to develop and expand this program. The success of the program has been demonstrated by the continued and increasing demands for entry, the academic achievements of the graduates, and the numbers of graduates who have completed advanced education/training programs or returned to the Faculty as instructors. Analysis of our long-term data validates many recent hypotheses and short-term observations regarding the benefits of dental student research programs. This information may be useful in the design and implementation of dental student research programs at other dental schools

  20. 25-year analysis of a dental undergraduate research training program (BSc Dent) at the University of Manitoba Faculty of Dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, J E; de Vries, J; Iacopino, A M

    2008-12-01

    Research in the context of the dental school has traditionally been focused on institutional/faculty accomplishments and generating new knowledge to benefit the profession. Only recently have significant efforts been made to expand the overall research programming into the formal dental curriculum, to provide students with a baseline exposure to the research and critical thinking processes, encourage evidence-based decision-making, and stimulate interest in academic/research careers. Various approaches to curriculum reform and the establishment of multiple levels of student research opportunities are now part of the educational fabric of many dental schools worldwide. Many of the preliminary reports regarding the success and vitality of these programs have used outcomes measures and metrics that emphasize cultural changes within institutions, student research productivity, and student career preferences after graduation. However, there have not been any reports from long-standing programs (a minimum of 25 years of cumulative data) that describe dental school graduates who have had the benefit of research/training experiences during their dental education. The University of Manitoba Faculty of Dentistry initiated a BSc Dent program in 1980 that awarded a formal degree for significant research experiences taking place within the laboratories of the Faculty-based researchers and has continued to develop and expand this program. The success of the program has been demonstrated by the continued and increasing demands for entry, the academic achievements of the graduates, and the numbers of graduates who have completed advanced education/training programs or returned to the Faculty as instructors. Analysis of our long-term data validates many recent hypotheses and short-term observations regarding the benefits of dental student research programs. This information may be useful in the design and implementation of dental student research programs at other dental schools.

  1. Biomedical scientist training officers' evaluation of integrated (co-terminus) Applied Biomedical Science BSc programmes: a multicentre study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitt, S J; Cunningham, J M

    2011-01-01

    The introduction of the Institute of Biomedical Science (IBMS) portfolio for pre-registration training in 2003 allowed universities to develop integrated (co-terminus) biomedical science BSc programmes. Students undertake structured placements within clinical pathology laboratories as part of their degree. The clinical training and professional development of students is undertaken by training officers (TOs), who are experienced Health Professions Council (HPC)-registered biomedical scientists and usually also members of the IBMS. This study aims to evaluate TOs' perceptions of these integrated degrees as a means of delivering pre-registration training for biomedical scientists. A questionnaire to collect quantitative data and be completed anonymously was sent to TOs, via staff at participating universities. Items considered TOs' perceptions in four categories: how well students fitted into the laboratory team, their professional and scientific development, the impact of delivering integrated degrees on service delivery, and the commitment to training students. Surveys took place in 2007, 2008 and 2009 and involved TOs taking students from 10, 14 and 17 universities each year, respectively. The response rates to the survey were 60% in 2007, 34% in 2008 and 12% in 2009. Participants were representative in terms of age, gender and pathology discipline and had a broad range of experience with students. The overall mean score for TOs perceptions was 3.38 in 2007 which increased significantly to 3.99 in 2009 (Kruskall Wallis test chi2 = 21.13, P<0.01). Mean scores in three of the four categories were positive in 2007, although the impact on service delivery was perceived negatively. In all areas, means were significantly greater in 2009. The results indicate that TOs view the integrated degrees favourably and are happy with the scientific and professional development of students. Although designing training sessions suitable for undergraduates took extra work initially

  2. Application of BSC-SCOR Joint Model in Evaluation of Agricultural Produce Logistics Performance under Supply Chain Environment%供应链环境下BSC-SCOR联合模型在农产品物流绩效评价中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王浩澂

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we used the BSC-SCOR joint model to build the agricultural produce logistics performance evaluation system and then applied the AHP and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation to the systematic and overall examination of the performance of the agricultural produce logistics.%在供应链环境下,以农产品物流为研究对象,通过构建农产品物流绩效评价体系,运用BSC-SCOR联合模型思想,利用层次分析法和AHP模糊综合评价法对农产品物流绩效进行系统、全面地考察,旨在提高农产品物流服务水平,进一步促进我国农产品物流的发展。

  3. Rethinking to Non-financial Indicators of BSC--From the Angle of Intelligence Capital Management%对BSC非财务指标的重新思考--基于智力资本管理角度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玉红; 尤建新; 胡伟

    2013-01-01

      BSC以其财务和非财务之间的平衡获得美誉,然而BSC非财务指标的选择原则和方法却一直是管理实践中的难题。文章基于智力资本管理的角度重新审视BSC的非财务指标体系,将智力资本与BSC非财务构面进行整合,解决BSC非财务指标体系难以建立的问题,同时也使组织内部的智力资本管理变得可操作、可监控。%BSC gain its reputation from the balance between financial indicators and non-financial indicators,however the se--lection principle and method of non-financial indicators of BSC is always the problem of management practice.From the per--spective of intellectual capital management,this paper re-examines the system of non-financial indicators of the BSC,inte--grates intellectual capital and non-financial aspect of BSC,and solves the problems of difficult establishment of BSC non-finan--cial indicators system,so the organization of the internal intellectual capital management become operational and monitoring.

  4. On Practical Application of Balanced Scoring Card%浅论平衡记分卡(BSC)的实际应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晋涛

    2005-01-01

    平衡记分卡(the Balanced Score Card,简称BSC)作为一种前沿的、全新的组织绩效管理手段的管理思想,在全世界的各行各业得到广泛的运用.它是一个具有多维角度的绩效衡量模式,即通过四个层面:财务、客户、内部流程及员工学习与成长能力来实施策略管理.

  5. BSC-Based Performance Evaluation Framework of Digital Archives%基于BSC的数字档案馆绩效评估架构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜丙通

    2015-01-01

    平衡计分卡(BSC)是企业战略管理与绩效评估的重要工具,将其引入数字档案馆绩效评估实践中有客观的适用性.文章通过对测评结构的调整与指标修正,初步构建基于BSC的数字档案馆绩效评估基本框架.

  6. 相对定位估计的修正克拉美罗界%Modified Cramer-Rao Bound for Relative Location Estimation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李协; 张效义; 于旭; 胡赟鹏

    2013-01-01

    为定量地比较无线传感器网络中相对定位系统的时间同步误差对TOA机制与TDOA机制定位估计性能的影响,分析了同步误差的组成,将同步误差计入观测模型,在此观测模型下修正了TOA机制与TOA/RSS混合机制CRB,并在相同的参考节点布局下分别与TDOA机制和TDOA/RSS混合机制的CRB做比较.新的观测模型表明,在观测方程中,发送端时钟误差同时也是未知量;TOA机制可解出该未知量,用于消除同步误差;而TDOA机制牺牲一个观测量用以消除发送端时钟误差,降低了系统时间同步要求,也即消除了一个未知量.理论证明及仿真结果均表明,在等量的同步误差和相同的参考节点布局下TOA机制与TDOA机制CRB相等以及TOA/RSS与TDOA/RSS混合机制CRB相等,而RSS机制分别与TOA机制、TDOA机制的混合,提高了TOA机制、TDOA机制在近距离定位时的性能.%In order to compare the effect of synchronization error on wireless sensor networks based relative location accuracy between time of arrival (TOA) and time difference of arrival (TDOA) schemes, the synchronization error components are analyzed and the measurement model contained clock offset is established. The TOA and TOA/RSS (received signal strength) schemes' modified Cramer-Rao bound (MCRB) are derived and compared with those of the TDOA and TDOA/RSS schemes, respectively. It is shown that the transmitter's clock offset is also an unknown variable in the new observation equation, and it can be solved in the TOA scheme to eliminate part of synchronization error. The TDOA scheme sacrifices one measurement to subtract the transmitter's clock offset from unknown variables, thus reducing synchronize requirements. The theoretical derivation and simulation results show that the MCRBs for TOA and TDOA schemes are the same, as well as the MCRBs for TOA/RSS and TDOA/RSS hybrid schemes when using the same sensor array and introducing the same amount synchronization

  7. Persistence, how do they do it? A case study of Access to Higher Education learners on a U.K. Diploma/BSc nursing programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinsliff-Smith, Kathryn; Gates, Peter; Leducq, Marion

    2012-01-01

    In 2006, the United Kingdom (U.K.) Department of Health (DoH) produced guidelines, requiring institutions to address the attrition rates for student nurses and midwives. This issue is not only a concern in the U.K. but has gained prominence in other Schools of Nursing including the U.S.A., Australia, and developing countries. Many Schools of Nursing have witnessed a change in their student population with a growing prominence of mature entrants (those over 21). Studies that focus on learner persistence, in particular mature students are relatively rare and very scarce on entrants with an Access to Higher Education (HE) qualification. This study, using focus group interviews, involved Access to HE learners who successfully progressed to a Diploma of Higher Education (DipHE)/Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Nursing at one U.K. University. The study findings indicated that Access to HE learners are able to develop a range of coping strategies in relation to academic demands and caring responsibilities, which are drawn upon in their DipHE/BSc programme. The findings have relevance for all Schools of Nursing as we face new and difficult challenges not least the global shortage of qualified nurses and the pressures placed on educators to retain student nurses.

  8. Development of an integrated chemical weather prediction system for environmental applications at meso to global scales: NMMB/BSC-CHEM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorba, O.; Pérez, C.; Karsten, K.; Janjic, Z.; Dabdub, D.; Baldasano, J. M.

    2009-09-01

    This contribution presents the ongoing developments of a new fully on-line chemical weather prediction system for meso to global scale applications. The modeling system consists of a mineral dust module and a gas-phase chemistry module coupled on-line to a unified global-regional atmospheric driver. This approach allows solving small scale processes and their interactions at local to global scales. Its unified environment maintains the consistency of all the physico-chemical processes involved. The atmospheric driver is the NCEP/NMMB numerical weather prediction model (Janjic and Black, 2007) developed at National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP). It represents an evolution of the operational WRF-NMME model extending from meso to global scales. Its unified non-hydrostatic dynamical core supports regional and global simulations. The Barcelona Supercomputing Center is currently designing and implementing a chemistry transport model coupled online with the new global/regional NMMB. The new modeling system is intended to be a powerful tool for research and to provide efficient global and regional chemical weather forecasts at sub-synoptic and mesoscale resolutions. The online coupling of the chemistry follows the approach similar to that of the mineral dust module already coupled to the atmospheric driver, NMMB/BSC-DUST (Pérez et al., 2008). Chemical species are advected and mixed at the corresponding time steps of the meteorological tracers using the same numerical scheme. Advection is eulerian, positive definite and monotone. The chemical mechanism and chemistry solver is based on the Kinetic PreProcessor KPP (Damian et al., 2002) package with the main purpose of maintaining a wide flexibility when configuring the model. Such approach will allow using a simplified chemical mechanism for global applications or a more complete mechanism for high-resolution local or regional studies. Moreover, it will permit the implementation of a specific configuration for

  9. An extension of BSC encoding supporting comprehensive dynamic updating in XML data%一种全面支持XML动态更新的扩展BSC编码

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄景彬; 郭朝珍

    2013-01-01

    现有的动态XML编码方案(如OrdPath、DLN、BSC等)对XML编码的动态更新仅限于叶节点的插入情况,并未考虑内部节点的插入情况,而内部节点的插入对XML而言是一个普通操作.文章通过扩展BSC编码提出了一种全面支持XML编码动态更新的编码方案EBSC编码,该编码方案在BSC编码中加入内部节点插入标示(IN)和父亲节点内部插入标示(PN),充分考虑叶节点的插入和内部节点的插入2种情况,能够全面地支持XML节点编码的动态更新问题.实验结果表明,该编码方案能够高效地处理XML文档树内部节点插入时编码的更新.%Generally,the existing dynamic Extensible Markup Language(XML)labeling schemes such as OrdPath,DLN,BSC,etc,can not support the dynamic updating in the case of internal node insertions as they only consider the leaf node insertions case.But as for XML data,the internal node insertion is a common operation.In this paper,an extension of BSC encoding called EBSC which supports comprehensive dynamic updating in XML data is proposed.In this labeling scheme,the internal insertion number(IN) and parent internal insertion number(PN) are added into BSC encoding,thus it supports both leaf and internal node insertions for XML data.Experimental results show that EBSC can handle internal node insertions efficiently.

  10. Performance EvaIuation System Design Based on BSC for the Acquisition of Weapons and Equipments%基于BSC的武器装备采购绩效评价体系设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹铁红; 谢文秀

    2014-01-01

    建立规范实用的武器装备采购绩效评价体系,是当前深入推进我军武器装备采购改革的迫切需要。在简要介绍平衡计分卡(balanced score card, BSC)主要内容和本质内涵的基础上,阐述基于 BSC 的武器装备采购绩效评价体系设计过程,建立了评价模型。%Currently,the driving for acquisition innovation in our army is urgently needed in es-tablishing the standard and applied performance evaluation system for the acquisition of weapons and equipments.On the basis of brief introduction of the content and essence of balanced score card (BSC),the process of performance evaluation system based on BSC is expatiated and the evaluation model are founded.

  11. Research of the ascension path of intangible assets’synergistic effect Based on the BSC and strategic center type organization%平衡计分卡下的无形资产协同效应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡伟; 曹玉红

    2014-01-01

    Based on clear synergies and intangible asset class, put forward the BSC intangible assets based on Cooperative Path:a practical model of BSC, in the pursuit of the goals of the organization of staff collaboration become possible;BSC causality chain to achieve the overall system based on BSC;successful corporate culture synergy is the leadership and support of participatory management interpersonal relationship and communication, smooth, powerful.%在明晰协同效应和无形资产类别的基础上,提出了基于BSC的无形资产协同路径: BSC提供的实用模型使在追求组织目标下的人员协同成为可能;基于BSC的因果关系链实现整体系统协同;BSC的成功企业文化协同是参与式的管理、人际沟通与关系的畅通、强有力的领导与支持。

  12. Effects of Changing the Pedagogical Concept of a Part-time BSc in Accounting from Traditional Lectures into an IT-supported Asyncronous and Flexible Learning Concept - Part 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Tage; Holm, Claus; Dalgas, Annemarie

    2000-01-01

    This paper reports on the results of a change of the pedagogical concept in the second part of a four-year BSc program in Accounting. The program started September 1 1999 when 82 students were enrolled. The change involves a move from traditional lectures to a concept partly based on asynchronous...

  13. Medialogy (English Information Brochure on the education M.Sc.,Medialogy, 3rd to 10th semester (B.Sc. & M.Sc) - For graduates from higher study programmes such as Multimedia Design and IT Graduates)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordahl, Rolf

    2005-01-01

    An information brochure, 24 pages, in English which describes the education M.Sc., Medialogy, offered by Aalborg University in Copenhagen and Esbjerg. The brochure describes the 3rd to 10th semester (B.Sc. and M.Sc. degree) of the education. The information is primarily directed toward potential...

  14. 结合EVA和BSC的发电企业业绩评价%The Performance Evaluation of Power Generation Enterprise Associated with EVA and BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺燕; 扬东花

    2015-01-01

    随着我国电力市场的改革深入,需要对企业的业绩有一个客观公正的评价,应用传统的会计指标或者仅仅考虑应用经济增加值这一指标并不能达到所需的评价效果.分析了常用业绩评价方法平衡计分卡法(Balanced Score Card,BSC)和经济增加值法(Economic Value Added,EVA)的实质和优缺点,并将EVA与BSC相结合,构建以EVA为核心、BSC为手段,体现企业战略的业绩评级体系.

  15. Initial Analysis of Disaster Safety Protection Mechanism of BSC Dual Addressed to MGW in GSM%浅析GSM网BSC双挂MGW容灾安全防护机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴俊

    2013-01-01

      针对浙江联通GSM网络现状,采用基于A-Flex技术的BSC双挂MGW的容灾安全防护机制,解决了MGW网元故障引起其下挂BSC语音业务全阻的网络隐患问题,并在现网中得到了成功验证。%In view of the current situation of Zhejiang Unicom GSM network, it adopts the disaster safety protection mechanism of BSC dual addressed to MGW based on A-Flex to solve the hidden network problems of BSC voice service entirely interrupted by the MGW failure. The mechanism has been proved successful y in the present GSM.

  16. “难民之父”饶家驹及其救助难民的卓越贡献%"Father of the Refugees'Rao Jiaju and His Outstanding Contribution to Aid Refugees

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏智良

    2015-01-01

    1937年11月,法国人饶家驹以他的博爱、坚韧、独创、才华与责任心,在上海创立战时平民救护的难民区———饶家驹区,延续至1940年6月,保护了30多万中国难民,被称为“难民之父”、“中国之友”。这个“上海模式”推广到南京、汉口、广州,乃至法国、德国,并推动日内瓦第四公约的订立,战时保护平民成为各国的共识,从而推动了人类文明的进步。饶家驹的“博爱主义”、“慈善行为”、奉献精神、慈悲情怀的高尚人格,超越了国家、种族、宗教与党派,被称赞为20世纪世界人道主义的光辉典范。%The French Rao Jiaju set up safety zones in Shanghai from November 1937 to June 1940 with his love, tough, unique, talent and responsibility, he protect the more than 30 million Chinese refugees, who was known as the"Father of the refugees"and"Friends of China."He set up safety zones in Nanjing, Hankou, Guan-gzhou, as well as France, Germany, and he promote the development of the Fourth Geneva Convention.The Pro-tection of Civilian became the consensus of all countries, thus promoting the progress of human civilization."Phi-lanthropy", the spirit of noble character and dedication of Rao Jiaju, compassion feelings, transcends national, ethnic, religious and partisan,he was regarded as a shining example of world humanitarian in the 20th century.

  17. ERP环境下基于BSC的企业绩效评价体系的研究%A study of enterprise performance measurement system based on BSC under the condition of ERP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李益兵; 郭顺生

    2004-01-01

    在阐述平衡记分卡(BSC)思想的基础上,结合企业资源计划(ERP)自身的特点,研究了ERP供应链和BSC因果链的对应关系,提出了ERP环境下基于BSC的企业绩效评价体系,并探讨了企业如何进行有效的绩效管理.

  18. 基于BSC的高校科研团队绩效模糊综合评价研究%Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Research on University Scientific Research Team' s Performance Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱火弟; 杨成

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of analyzing the traditional evaluation system, according to the basic principles of Balanced Score Card ( BSC) and the features of university scientific team, the paper constructs the indicator system of university scientific team' s performance evaluation based on BSC. With the application of Fuzzy Comprehensive method based on Analytic Hierarchy Process, the article evaluates the university scientific team and offers one new approach of evaluating the university scientific team' s performance that has stronger practicality and operability.%在分析传统高校科研团队绩效评价体系的基础上,根据平衡计分卡(BSC)的基本原理,结合高校科研团队的特点,构建基于BSC的高校科研团队绩效评价指标体系,并运用基于层次分析法(AHP)的模糊评价法,对高校科研团队进行评价,给出实用性和操作性更强的高校科研团队绩效评价的新方法.

  19. The intercalated BSc (Med) Honours/MB ChB and integrated MB ChB/PhD tracks at the University of Cape Town: models for a national medical student research training programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, A A; Futter, M; Mayosi, B M

    2014-02-01

    The Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Cape Town is addressing the shortage of clinician-scientists in South Africa by introducing two research training tracks in parallel with the professional MB ChB programme, namely the intercalated BSc (Med) Hons/MB ChB track and the integrated MB ChB/PhD track. The BSc (Med) Hons/MB ChB track is available to MB ChB students who have completed the first two years of study. The track comprises a course in Molecular Medicine given concurrently with the MB ChB third-year curriculum, followed by a BSc (Med) Hons as a 'year out' of MB ChB. Subsequently students may enroll into the integrated MB ChB/PhD track that enables them to undertake a PhD concurrently with MB ChB studies, which will be spread over additional years, or alternatively to undertake a PhD after completion of the MB ChB. These tracks, which were launched in 2011, represent an opportunity to train a new cadre of young African clinician-scientists at the undergraduate level.

  20. The Innovation of Performance Measurement System Based on BSC%基于经营绩效评价表的经营绩效评价体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张焱; 瞿卫菁

    2002-01-01

    本文具体介绍了20世纪90年代在美国兴起,并迅速推广应用的企业经营绩效评估法——BSC(Balanced Scorecard)法,并着重探讨了BSC法的核心与优势。BSC是建立在“综合平衡观”、“战略观”基础上的综合绩效评估体系,它除了传统的财务绩效衡量指标外,还融合了三类非财务绩效衡量指标,包括顾客导向、企业内部业务流程、学习创新与成长等长期性绩效指标。BSC突破了传统绩效评估的局限性,也超越了单纯的绩效评价功能,它把传统意义上的业绩评价还原于企业的竞争能力,把管理绩效和长远发展规律紧密联系起来,是对传统绩效评价观念与模式的一次重大改革。

  1. 基于BSC的企业中层管理者绩效考评研究%BSC- Based Performance Evaluation of Middle Managers in Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶蓝

    2011-01-01

    企业中层管理者绩效考评中存在中层管理者的绩效目标与企业目标不一致;间接绩效过多;难以把握绩效考评的重点;中层管理者之间常常相互推卸绩效责任等问题。借助平衡记分卡(BSC)的管理思想可有效解决这一系列问题,具体实施方法如下:按BSC框架分解中层管理者的绩效目标;把握中层管理者的关键绩效指标;中层管理者绩效责任的认定。%Middle manager' s performance objectives are inconsistent with business goals. There are too many indirect performance, and difficult to grasp the focus of performance evaluation. Among middle managers, they often shirk their responsibilities with each other. With the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) management ideas can be an effective solution to the problem of this series. Specific implementation methods are as follows : such as decomposing the middle manager' s performance goals by BSC framework; grasping the middle manager' s key performance indicators; and identify the middle manager's performance accountability as well.

  2. Construction and Application of Performance Evaluation Model of Undergraduate Teaching Based on BSC & AHP%基于BSC&AHP的高校院系本科教学工作绩效评估模型的构建与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓峰; 于宝证

    2012-01-01

    高等学校各院系办学绩效水平直接关系到高校人才培养的质量,本文针对目前高等院校对下属各院系本科教学考核评估指标权重确定方法中存在的问题,将平衡记分卡(BSC)和层次分析法(AHP)引入到本科教学工作绩效评估中,设计了一种用来确定高校对本科教学目标管理量化考核评估指标权重的决策方法既是一种理论创新,也是一种方法创新.解决了以往凭经验确定指标权重导致评估失衡的问题.%The level of university performance is closely related to the quality of talent cultivation. Due to the problem of assessment method, this paper introduces the balanced score card ( BSC) and the analytic hierarchy process ( AHP) into the performance evaluation of undergraduate teaching, and designs a decision-making method to determine the quantitative? Evaluation index. Weight that colleges and universities assess the objective management of undergraduate teaching, which is not only the theoretical innovation but also the method innovation . The method solves the problem of how colleges and universities determine the index weight with experience causing the evaluation imbalance.

  3. 基于不完全量测下三维纯方位系统的Cramer-Rao下界%Cramer-Rao Lower Bound in 3-D Bearings-only System Based on Incomplete Measurements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许志刚; 盛安冬

    2010-01-01

    在量测数据随机丢失情况下,对非线性的纯方位跟踪(Bearings-only tracking,BOT)滤波Cramer-Rao下界(Cramer-Rao lower bound,CRLB)问题进行了讨论.针对量测信息来自探测概率小于1的不同信号通道且每个通道的探测概率不同情况,利用Fisher信息阵迭代法建立了多输入多输出三维BOT系统滤波的CRLB模型,它的计算量随探测序列呈指数增长;一种基于统计意义下的缩减因子法被给出,理论证明它小于理想CRLB;另外,一个适合工程应用的近似理论CRLB被提出,分析表明能降低计算复杂度.

  4. Cramer-Rao lower bounds for estimating carrier parameters of PSK signals in multi-antenna cooperative receivers%多天线协同接收PSK载波参数估计的CRLB

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨珂; 万明康; 李鸥

    2012-01-01

    针对利用多个独立天线对同一信号进行协同接收的问题,推导了数据辅助(DA)和非数据辅助(NDA)方式BPSK/QPSK信号频率及相位估计的Cramer-Rao下界(CRLB),并与传统单个天线接收时的CRLB进行了比较.结果表明,在DA方式下,多天线协同接收PSK信号频率及相位估计的CRLB与传统单天线接收的CRLB相同;在NDA方式下,多天线协同接收的CRLB则要低于传统单天线接收的CRLB.%This paper investigates the PSK parameter estimation problem with multiple independent cooperative receivers, and derives the Cramer-Rao Lower Bounds (CRLBs) of BPSK/QPSK frequency and phase estimation based on either known or random data. Compared with the CRLBs in traditional single receiver, the results indicate that the CRLBs for Data-Aided(DA) carrier frequency and phase estimation of PSK signals in multi-antenna cooperative receivers are the same with the CRLBs in traditional single receiver, but the CRLBs for Non-Data-Aided(NDA) estimation for multi-antenna cooperative receivers are lower than the traditional ones.

  5. Dust specific extinction cross-sections over the Eastern Mediterranean using the BSC-DREAM model and sun photometer data: the case of urban environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Gerasopoulos

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available In this study, aerosol optical depth (AOD measurements, from a MFR sun photometer operating in Athens, were compared with columnar dust loading estimations, from the BSC-DREAM model, during identified dust events, in order to extract the typical specific extinction cross-section for dust over the area. The selected urban environment of Athens provided us with the opportunity to investigate the mixing of dust and urban pollution and to estimate the contribution of the latter. The specific extinction cross-section for dust at 500 nm was found to be equal to σ500*=0.64±0.04 m2 g, typical for medium to large distances from dust sources, with weak wavelength dependence in the visible and near infrared band (0.4–0.9 μm. The model showed a tendency to underpredict AOD levels for increasing values of the Ångström exponent, indicative of fine particles of anthropogenic origin inside the boundary layer. On average we found an AOD under-prediction of 10–15% for Ångström exponents in the range of 0 to 1 and 30–40% in the range of 1 to 2. Additionally, modelled surface concentrations were evaluated against surface PM10 measurements. Model values were lower than measured surface concentrations by 30% which, in conjunction with large scatter, indicated that the effect of the boundary layer anthropogenic contribution to columnar dust loadings is amplified near the ground.

  6. Bituminization plant Jaslovske Bohunice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the principle of the bituminization plant for radioactive concentrate (the intermediate liquid radioactive waste generated during the NPP A1, V-1, V-2 operations) solidification used in the Bohunice Radwaste Treatment Centre (BSC RAO) is presented

  7. Cramer-Rao Bounds for FOA and TOA Estimation from Galileo Search and Rescue Signal%伽利略搜救信号FOA和TOA估计的克拉美-罗界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王堃; 吴嗣亮; 韩月涛

    2011-01-01

    Considering the uncertainty of message bit width, the Cramer-Rao Bounds (CRBs) for Frequency Of Arrival (FOA) and Time Of Arrival (TOA) estimation from single Galileo Search And Rescue (SAR) signal are researched. Calculation expressions for the elements of Fisher information matrix of Galileo SAR signal are acquired. When calculating the sum of the square of dirac delta function, the properties of dirac delta function and Parseval's theorem are used to transform the computation from time-domain to frequency-domain, and the closed-form analytical solution of CRBs for FOA and TOA estimation are derived. Numerical calculation, Monte Carlo simulation and measurement results validate the effectiveness of the CRBs above which can be used to evaluate the performance of estimation algorithm for the parameters above.%该文考虑信息位宽的不确定性,研究了单个伽利略搜救信号FOA(Frequency Of Arrival)和TOA (Time OfArrival)估计的克拉美-罗界(CRB).推导了伽利略搜救信号Fisher信息矩阵元素的计算表达式,利用单位冲激函数的性质和Parseval定理,将单位冲激函数的平方和转换到频域进行计算,得到了FOA和TOA估计的CRB的解析结果.数值分析,Monte Carlo仿真及实测结果表明,上述CRB具有有效性,可以用于评估上述参数估计算法的性能.

  8. Radwaste Treatment Centre Jaslovske Bohunice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the Bohunice Radwaste Treatment Centre (BSC RAO) is presented. BSC RAO is designed to process and treat liquid and solid radwaste, arising from the NPP A-1 decommissioning, from NPPs V-1, V-2, and Mochovce operations, as well as institutional radwaste of diverse institutional (hospitals, research institutes) in the Slovak Republic. Transport, sorting, incineration, compacting, concentration and cementation of radwaste as well as monitoring of emission are described

  9. 基于BSC理念推动医院财务窗口队伍建设的探讨%Discussion on the Building of Hospital Financial Service Team Based on BSC Concept

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋长志; 石巧云; 何晓燕; 洪菊生

    2015-01-01

    基于BSC即平衡记分卡理念,结合医院使命、目标,从多个维度对医院财务窗口人员进行绩效考评与激励,从而推动财务窗口队伍建设。%Based on the concept of BSC (balanced score card) combined with hospital mission, objectives, from multiple dimensions of hospital financial service personnel of performance appraisal and motivation, so as to promote the team building of financial service.

  10. Research on government procurement performance evaluation based on BSC%基于平衡计分卡的医学院校政府采购绩效评价初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张威; 张海; 朱飞燕

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the application of Balanced Scorecard (BSC) in the performance evaluation system of government procurement in medical colleges and universities based on the analysis of the current government procurement process.Methods: According to the theoretical and methodological analysis of BSC, the performance evaluation is divided into four major aspects of assessment indicators, learning and growth, business process, customer and finance, which breaks the traditional performance evaluation way of only focusing on the of financial indicators. Delphi method has been involved to determine the weights.Results: Based on the theory of BSC, the specific evaluation index and weight of the government procurement performance evaluation system in medical colleges and universities are put forward and proved by practice.Conclusion: A reasonable evaluation of the performance system established according to BSC will help to improve the beneficial results, efficiency and economy output of the procurement funds, and the management of government procurement in medical colleges.%目的:通过对目前医学院校政府采购过程的分析,研究平衡计分卡在医学院校政府采购绩效评价体系中的应用。方法:根据平衡计分卡方法理论分析,将绩效考核目标分解为学习与成长、业务流程、客户及财务等4方面考核指标,打破传统单一的只注重财务指标的绩效评价。通过德尔斐法(Delphi)确定考核指标的相关权重。结果:运用平衡计分卡方法理论,提出医学院校政府采购绩效评价体系中的具体考核指标及相应权重,并经过实例得到验证。结论:利用平衡计分卡建立合理的评价绩效体系,将有利于提高采购资金使用的效益、效率和经济性,提高医学院校政府采购管理水平。

  11. Atmospheric dust modeling from meso to global scales with the online NMMB/BSC-Dust model – Part 2: Experimental campaigns in Northern Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Haustein

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The new online NMMB/BSC-Dust model is intended to provide short to medium-range weather and dust forecasts from regional to global scales. The companion paper Pérez et al., 2011 develops the dust model parameterizations and provides daily to annual evaluations of the model for its global and regional configurations. Modeled aerosol optical depth (AOD was evaluated against AERONET Sun photometers over Northern Africa, Middle East and Europe with correlations around 0.6–0.7 on average without dust data assimilation. In this paper we analyze in detail the behavior of the model using data from the Saharan Mineral dUst experiment (SAMUM-1 in 2006 and the Bodélé Dust Experiment (BoDEx in 2005. AOD from satellites and Sun photometers, vertically resolved extinction coefficients from lidars and particle size distributions at the ground and in the troposphere are used, complemented by wind profile data and surface meteorological measurements.

    All simulations were performed at the regional scale for the Northern African domain at the expected operational resolution of 25 km. Model results for SAMUM-1 generally show good agreement with satellite data over the most active Saharan dust sources. The model reproduces the AOD from Sun photometers close to sources and after long-range transport, and the dust size spectra at different height levels. At this resolution, the model is not able to reproduce a large haboob occurred during the campaign. Some deficiencies are found concerning the vertical distribution. The mixing height is underestimated which may be attributed to poor soil initial conditions. For the BoDEx period, particular attention is paid to understand the dust model behavior in relation with the low level jet (LLJ in the Bodélé. The diurnal temperature cycle depends strongly on the soil moisture, which is underestimated in the NCEP analysis used for model initialization. The daily maximum surface wind speeds are underestimated up

  12. Atmospheric Dust Modeling from Meso to Global Scales with the Online NMMB/BSC-Dust Model Part 2: Experimental Campaigns in Northern Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haustein, K.; Perez, C.; Baldasano, J. M.; Jorba, O.; Basart, S.; Miller, R. L.; Janjic, Z.; Black, T.; Nickovic, S.; Todd, M. C.; Washington, R.; Muller, D.; Tesche, M.; Weinzierl, B.; Esselborn, M.; Schladitz, A.

    2012-01-01

    The new NMMB/BSC-Dust model is intended to provide short to medium-range weather and dust forecasts from regional to global scales. It is an online model in which the dust aerosol dynamics and physics are solved at each model time step. The companion paper (Perez et al., 2011) develops the dust model parameterizations and provides daily to annual evaluations of the model for its global and regional configurations. Modeled aerosol optical depth (AOD) was evaluated against AERONET Sun photometers over Northern Africa, Middle East and Europe with correlations around 0.6-0.7 on average without dust data assimilation. In this paper we analyze in detail the behavior of the model using data from the Saharan Mineral dUst experiment (SAMUM-1) in 2006 and the Bodele Dust Experiment (BoDEx) in 2005. AOD from satellites and Sun photometers, vertically resolved extinction coefficients from lidars and particle size distributions at the ground and in the troposphere are used, complemented by wind profile data and surface meteorological measurements. All simulations were performed at the regional scale for the Northern African domain at the expected operational horizontal resolution of 25 km. Model results for SAMUM-1 generally show good agreement with satellite data over the most active Saharan dust sources. The model reproduces the AOD from Sun photometers close to sources and after long-range transport, and the dust size spectra at different height levels. At this resolution, the model is not able to reproduce a large haboob that occurred during the campaign. Some deficiencies are found concerning the vertical dust distribution related to the representation of the mixing height in the atmospheric part of the model. For the BoDEx episode, we found the diurnal temperature cycle to be strongly dependant on the soil moisture, which is underestimated in the NCEP analysis used for model initialization. The low level jet (LLJ) and the dust AOD over the Bodélé are well reproduced

  13. Atmospheric dust modeling from meso to global scales with the online NMMB/BSC-Dust model – Part 2: Experimental campaigns in Northern Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Haustein

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The new NMMB/BSC-Dust model is intended to provide short to medium-range weather and dust forecasts from regional to global scales. It is an online model in which the dust aerosol dynamics and physics are solved at each model time step. The companion paper (Pérez et al., 2011 develops the dust model parameterizations and provides daily to annual evaluations of the model for its global and regional configurations. Modeled aerosol optical depth (AOD was evaluated against AERONET Sun photometers over Northern Africa, Middle East and Europe with correlations around 0.6–0.7 on average without dust data assimilation. In this paper we analyze in detail the behavior of the model using data from the Saharan Mineral dUst experiment (SAMUM-1 in 2006 and the Bodélé Dust Experiment (BoDEx in 2005. AOD from satellites and Sun photometers, vertically resolved extinction coefficients from lidars and particle size distributions at the ground and in the troposphere are used, complemented by wind profile data and surface meteorological measurements. All simulations were performed at the regional scale for the Northern African domain at the expected operational horizontal resolution of 25 km. Model results for SAMUM-1 generally show good agreement with satellite data over the most active Saharan dust sources. The model reproduces the AOD from Sun photometers close to sources and after long-range transport, and the dust size spectra at different height levels. At this resolution, the model is not able to reproduce a large haboob that occurred during the campaign. Some deficiencies are found concerning the vertical dust distribution related to the representation of the mixing height in the atmospheric part of the model. For the BoDEx episode, we found the diurnal temperature cycle to be strongly dependant on the soil moisture, which is underestimated in the NCEP analysis used for model initialization. The low level jet (LLJ and the dust AOD over the Bodélé are

  14. Feasibility Analysis of Using BSC of Provincial Modern Distance Open University: Taking A Province as an Example%省域现代远程开放大学应用BSC的可行性分析——以A省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜磊磊; 郭玉娟; 陈彦彦; 李方方

    2011-01-01

    At present, BSC, as a tool of strategic management, is applied by foreign high education institution successfully. This essay takes Modern Distance Open University of A province as an example, analyzes the application feasibility of using BSC, clears the frame and mentality of management strategy of using BSC and problems need attention, in order to pushing forward the development and management of Open University.%目前,BSC作为一种系统性战略管理工具,在国外高等教育机构有着较为成功的应用.本文以A省现代远程开放大学为例,对应用BSC的可行性进行分析,明确BSC管理战略的框架思路以及需要注意的问题,以期推动开放大学的建设与管理.

  15. Cramer-Rao Bounds of Key Parameters Estimation for Galileo SAR Signal%伽利略搜救信号关键参数估计的克拉美—罗界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王堃; 吴嗣亮; 田静

    2011-01-01

    Considering the uncertainty of message bit width, the Cramer-Rao Bounds (CRBs) for the estimation of message bit width,frequency of arrival (FOA) and time of arrival (TOA) from Galileo search and rescue (SAR) signal were researched. General formula for calculating the elements of Fisher information matrix was derived first.Then the calculation expressions for the Fisher matrix elements of Galileo SAR signal were acquired. When calculating the sum of the square of Dirac delta function, the properties of Dirac delta function and Parseval' s theorem were used to transform the computation from time-domain to frequency-domain. Then the closed-form analytical solutions of the CRBs for the estimation of message bit width, FOA and TOA were derived. Numerical calculation and Monte Carlo simulation results validate the effectiveness of the CRBs above which can be used to evaluate the performance of message bit width,FOA and TOA estimation algorithm.%本文考虑信息位宽的不确定度,研究了伽利略搜救信号信息位宽、到达频率(FOA)和到达时间(TOA)估计的克拉美—罗界(CRB).首先推导了计算Fisher信息矩阵各元素的通用公式,然后推导得到了伽利略搜救信号Fisher 信息矩阵各元素的计算表达式.具体计算时,利用单位冲激函数的性质和Parseval定理,将单位冲激函数的平方和转换到频域进行计算,得到了信息位宽、FOA和TOA估计的CRB的解析结果.数值分析和Monte Carlo仿真结果表明,该CRB具有有效性,可以用于评估信息位宽、FOA和TOA估计算法的性能.

  16. 基于整合BSC和集值迭代法的高校图书馆战略绩效评估%Strategic Performance Evaluation of Academic Library Based on Integrated BSC and Value Iteration Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小花; 詹庆东

    2012-01-01

    分析平衡计分卡(BSC)在图书馆中的应用,对BSC进行改良,提出BSC的整合模式,即整合目标管理法、关键绩效指标法、利益相关者理论。分析高校图书馆战略目标及子目标关系,设计财务、读者、内部流程、学习成长、其它利益相关者五个维度的战略绩效指标体系。%Based on analyzing the application and the shortage of BSC in library this paper presents the integration pattern of BSC , namely integration of the objective management method , method of key performance index and stakeholder theory . On this basis we analyzes the relationship of strategic objective and sub objective of academic library , design the index system of strategic performance of academic library included five aspects: financial, reader, internal business processes, learning and growth, stakeholders. Finally, the determination of the weight of each index by value iteration methods is put forward.

  17. Contribuições para a configuração de um sistema de medição de desempenho para incubadoras de empresas baseado no BSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Arantes Salles

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Incubators are designed to provide a more efficient and effective way to survive in today's business world. In turbulent and dynamic business environment, incubators should be quick to react by directing their actions in order to remain consistent with its strategic objectives. This article suggests the use of an adaptation of the Balanced Scorecard - BSC as a tool for measuring and evaluating performance of incubators, as this tool is based on the use of a set of performance indicators, organized and logically articulated in order to match measures that reflect past performance with future performance, aiming to meet mission and long-term goals of the incubators. From this concept is carried out a diagnosis of management of incubators in the state of Sao Paulo, for which were used questionnaires and carried out visits. Considering the answers of the questionnaires, it was noted that in higher or lower number, there are indicators which contribute in the management process of these incubators, in accordance with perspectives of BSC. However, it was evidenced that in none of cases that indicators are associated with a real and effective measuring and evaluating system of performance.

  18. Obsidian provenance determination using the beam stability controlled BSC-XRF and the PIXE-alpha portable spectrometers of the LANDIS laboratory: the case of the Via Capuana settlement in Licodia Eubea (Sicily)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the last decade about 800 obsidian artifacts coming from various archaeological sites of Sicily have been analyzed using the BSC-XRF (beam stability controlled-x-ray fluorescence) and PIXE-alpha (particle induced x-ray emission, using low-energy alpha particles) portable spectrometers developed at the Landis laboratory of the LNS–INFN and IBAM–CNR in Catania (Italy). The portable BSC-XRF system allows the non-destructive analysis of Rb, Sr, Y, Zr and Nb trace concentrations, which are considered to be characteristic of the obsidian samples and consequently are indicative of the provenance quarries. Quantitative data on the above trace-element concentrations were deduced using a method that makes use of a multi-parameter linear regression. The portable PIXE-alpha spectrometer allows the quantitative determination of the matrix major elements, from Na to Zn. In this paper the updated versions of the instrumental devices and methods are presented together with a review of all the obtained data from various Sicilian sites. Results on compositional data for trace elements and major elements allowed us to identify Lipari and Pantelleria islands as the only two sources of the analyzed samples. Recent data about the Via Capuana settlement in Licodia Eubea are also presented and discussed for the first time. (paper)

  19. 平衡计分卡在酒店战略管理目标制定中的运用%Application of BSC in Goal Setting of Hotel Strategic Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张卫东

    2012-01-01

    中国酒店行业的快速增长,使得行业竞争不断加剧,包括五星级酒店在内的高端酒店市场竞争尤为激烈.每个酒店必须实施有效的战略管理,才能应对复杂的竞争环境,保持酒店长期稳定的发展.战略目标的制定是战略管理的首要步骤,只有制定全面、可衡量的、可执行的、可监控的战略目标,才能让酒店战略管理落到实处.平衡计分卡作为一种有效的战略管理工具,能够从财务、客户、内部流程、学习与成长四个维度对酒店的战略目标进行全面有效地诠释.本文以平衡计分卡为主要理论工具,试图阐述其对酒店战略目标制定中所起到的价值.通过战略地图这一重要转化方式,将酒店的目标转化为平衡计分卡的表现形式,以确保制定的目标具备均衡性、可衡量性、可控性、可验证性和前瞻性的特点.为酒店战略管理的有效实施打下坚实的基础.%The Chinese hotel industry is growing fast with exacerbated competition, especially in upscale hotel. Each hotel should implement effective strategic management to face complicated competitive environment and maintain stable development. Target setting is the first and critical phase of strategic management. The proper strategic management must have a set of balanced, measurable, executable and controllable targets. The Balance Score Card is an effective tool for strategic management. The BSC can define hotel strategic target form different dimension of finance, customer, internal process, learning and development. The paper will study the value of BSC for hotel strategic target setting. The strategic map is an important transforming method between hotel target and BSC. It's can ensure the target can be balanced, measurable, controllable, verified and foresight, and it's will be the basic step of hotel strategic management.

  20. 基于平衡计分卡的高新技术企业预算体系构建%The Construction of Budget Management System of Hi-tech Enterprises based on BSC Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕路

    2010-01-01

    企业预算管理作为一种管理工具,它能优化资源配置,有效控制成本,规范基础管理行为.但随着企业内外部环境不断变化,传统预算的弊端也在不断暴露.为了弥补传统预算缺陷,本文在吸收其理论主要思想基础上,将平衡计分卡方法(Balanced score Card,简称BSC)引入预算管理体系,以试图对传统预算管理的缺陷加以补正.

  1. Estruturação do Balanced Scorecard (BSC para uma empresa do segmento varejista, com foco na avaliação do desempenho da ação estratégica de marketing promocional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Back

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A avaliação de desempenho de ações estratégicas aplicadas a uma organização requer a adoção de ferramenta específica que atenda às necessidades e ao contexto organizacional. Este artigo tem como objetivo estruturar o Balanced Scorecard (BSC da organização Alpha Comércio de Gêneros Alimentícios Ltda, com foco na avaliação do desempenho da ação estratégica de marketing promocional, utilizando-o como ferramenta de gestão, controle e avaliação do desempenho organizacional. Na pesquisa destacam-se alguns procedimentos metodológicos que buscam facilitar o processo de compreensão do artigo: a descrição dos panfletos promocionais, os processos para a elaboração do BSC e os procedimentos para a construção do faturamento. Trata-se de uma pesquisa de natureza exploratória, com abordagem prática na forma de um estudo de caso, envolvendo dados primários e secundários com uma abordagem qualitativa e quantitativa do problema de pesquisa. Como resultados da pesquisa, destacam-se a criação de quatro indicadores para a indicação do desempenho da ação de marketing promocional e o impacto financeiro na receita de vendas com a utilização do panfleto, que resultou em um aumento de 24% do primeiro para o segundo quadrimestre de 2010.

  2. 施工企业BIM应用价值的定量方法研究*--基于BSC和K PI法%Quantitative Study on Application Value of BIM in Construction Enterprise:Based on BSC and KPI Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淑嫱

    2016-01-01

    施工企业应用BIM的驱动力主要来源于业主需求和商业中标考量,企业战略角度的BIM技术应用价值不清导致其全面应用受阻。基于BSC和KPI法,从财务、客户、内部流程、学习与成长4个维度构建施工企业的BSC结构体系;在分析BIM应用价值的基础上建立KPI,以某总承包施工企业内部流程维度在施工阶段的使用效果为例,提出KPI的量化方法,以期为加快BIM在施工企业的推广应用提供参考。%The driving force of BIM applications in construction enterprise mainly comes from owner’ needs and business bidding considering,and the application value of the BIM technology from the perspective of enterprise strategy is not clear,leading to comprehensive application blocking. The paper builds the BSC structure system of construction enterprise from the dimensions of finance,customer,internal processes,learning and growth based on BSC and KPI method. Then,establishes KPI by analyzing the application value of BIM in construction enterprise. Taking application effect of internal process dimension in construction stage in a general contracting construction enterprise for an example,proposes quantitative method by KPI,provides reference for accelerating the popularization and application of BIM in construction enterprise.

  3. 基于BSC与SHT的企业战略绩效评价体系构建%Evaluation System Construction of Enterprise Strategy Performance Based on the BSC and SHT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秋霞

    2012-01-01

    The strategy oriented enterprise performance evaluation system which is based on the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) combines financial and non-financial indicators to realize the balance between the enterprise strategy and tactics, the internal and external, the present and the future to a certain extent. But there also exist limits like ignorance of concern fnr some stakeholders, and easiness to be out of line with incentive mechanism and management process. The establishment of enterprise strategy performance evaluation system which is based on the organic integration of the Balanced Scorecard (BS) and Stakeholder Theory (SHT) has overcome insufficiency of the BSC enterprise strategy performance evaluation svstem and reflects real ope, rating performance of the enterprise. It is conducive to unite different enterprise strategies and link the stakeholders at all levels such as enterprise. customer and government etc., thus improving the efficiency of enterprise management.%基于平衡记分卡(BSC)的以战略为导向的企业绩效评价体系将财务和非财务指标有机结合,一定程度上实现了企业战略与战术、内部与外部、现在与未来的平衡,但仍存在忽略对某些利益相关者的关注,容易与激励机制、管理流程脱节等局限性,构建基于平衡记分卡(BSC)与利益相关者理论(SHT)有机融合的企业战略绩效评价体系,克服了Bsc企业战略绩效评价体系的不足,反映了企业真实的经营绩效,有利于将企业的各种策略结合起来,把企业、客户、政府等各级利益相关者联系起来,提高企业管理的效率,

  4. Study ing the influence and d imensions of Competitive Intelligence of Coaches on performance of current Soccer teams of The Iranian Premier League According to Component Balanced Scorecard (BSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Abbas BABAKIANPOUR

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available T he aim of this study was to investigate the impact of coaches competitive intelligence on the football teams performance in the Iranian Premier League based on the Balanced Scorecard component (BSC.This prac tical research is a descriptive - correlational study in which population consisted of all head coaches and coaches from 16 Iranian Premier F ootball teams be tween 1392 - 1393. Two individual from each team were selected as coach and head coach and t he sample of 32 students were selected by census method. Questionnaire, 12 balls Fehy (2007 was used to measure competitive intelligence Coaches variables and ¬ 20 items of the questionnaire Neon (2003 was used to measure team performance. The results showed that the competitive intelligence team football coache s could affect performance and internal team performance will significantly increase. Also the team awareness c o ndition, technical knowledge, Opponents situation awareness, and awareness strategy of the coac hes had the greatest impact on team performance. In fact, coach es who having high level of competitive intellige nce will use the environmental threats as opportunities for improvement and uses it to enhance team performance.

  5. 基于BSC技术的二级学院教研室绩效管理体系初探%On Performance Management System of Teaching and Research Sections in Secondary Schools Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江燕

    2015-01-01

    平衡记分卡是一种公认的有效战略管理工具。本文主要在对二级学院绩效管理的现状分析的基础上,提出了教研室层面下实施平衡记分卡的可行性,探讨了如何利用平衡记分卡提高教研室绩效管理水平,为改进与规范高校二级学院教研室绩效管理提供了理论依据和实施方法。%The balanced scorecard (BSC) is a recognized effective strategic management tool .Based on the analysis of the current situation of performance management in secondary schools ,the feasibility of the implementa-tion of the balanced scorecard is put forward and how to improve performance management level of teaching and re-search section by using the balanced scorecard is discussed to provide a theoretical basis and implementation method for improving and standardizing the performance management of teaching and research sections in secondary schools .

  6. Assessing The Role Of Integrated Learning In The BSc International Field Geosciences (IFG) Joint Degree Programme At University College Cork, the University of Montana and the University of Potsdam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meere, Patrick; Hendrix, Marc; Strecker, Manfred; Berger, Andreas

    2010-05-01

    The Department of Geology at University College Cork (UCC), Ireland, in conjunction with the Universities of Montana (UM) and Potsdam (UP) launched a new BSc in International Field Geosciences in Autumn 2008. In this program superb natural field geoscience laboratories available in Europe and the western United States are utilized as learning environments forming the basis for a ‘Joint' Bachelor of Science undergraduate degree. This programme focuses on the documentation, interpretation, and synthesis of critical geological issues in the field. It rests upon a backbone of existing modules that are the foundation of current geology programs at three partner institutions complemented by an emphasis on the development of field-based learning in an intercultural setting. The core curriculum is identical to that required for the existing BSc Geology at UCC except the third Year is spent abroad at UM while additional courses are taken at the UP at the start the fourth year. The mobility component of the programme is funded as part of a joint EU/US ATLANTIS project. The motivation for the new programme was primarily driven by the growing international demand for geoscientists with integrated field skills. Over the last two decades existing geoscience programmes in Europe and the US have tended to progressively reduce their field based learning components. One of the major reasons for this neglect is the increasing cost associated with physically transporting students into the field and maintaining a safe outdoor working environment. Heath and safety considerations in an increasingly litigious society have led to increasingly limited choices for suitable field areas in the last few decades. Lastly, recent technological advances such as GIS and various other forms of remote sensing have led to new ways of analyzing geospatial data that, while certainly useful, divert the attention of the Geoscience community away from collecting ‘ground truth' data and making direct

  7. Study of enterprise information system framework design based on TRIZ and BSC%基于TRIZ及BSC的企业信息系统规划架构设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗以洪; 邵云飞

    2012-01-01

    信息系统架构设计是企业信息系统建设的基础,为了使企业业务战略与信息系统战略有效匹配,根据TRIZ发明创新理论解决信息系统规划中的矛盾,建立了理想化信息系统架构概念,用BSC平衡记分卡把企业战略分解为关键成功因素CSF及相应的KPI指标,用TRIZ矛盾分析方法分析存在的矛盾,通过TRIZ、BSC及战略一致性模型结合,建立反映企业业务系统与信息系统之间匹配关系的数学模型,通过S公司工程案例演示了信息系统架构设计过程,对理论模型予以计算机仿真模拟.%Enterprise information system framework: design is the foundation of IS ( information system ) construction. In order to make the information system strategy align effectively with business strategies, the contradictions of the information system planning processes must be identified and resolved through TRIZ theory. The information system conceptual design method, the information system construction IFR ( Ideal Final Result) , and contradiction solution methods were put forward through the BSC ( Balanced Scorecard) and KPI ( key performance indicators) methods. As the mathematical model between the business system and the information system is formed, the information system framework design can be enhanced by computer simulations, which were applied to practice through an actual firm' s engineering solutions.

  8. Research on the EVA Integrated BSC Performance Measure System Based on Maximizing the Company Value%基于公司价值最大化的业绩评价体系构建——EVA与BSC的集成研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭宁

    2013-01-01

    作为企业业绩评价使用较广泛的两种评价方法,经济增加值(EVA)与平衡记分卡(BSC)各具优缺点.本文从公司价值最大化的角度探讨两种绩效评价方法——EVA和BSC,提出了公司价值—EVA—BSC关系图,并通过AHP层次分析法,将两者进行集成优化,有机融合构建一种新的业绩评价体系,实现EVA与BSC两种绩效评价方法的集成,它以BSC为载体,以EVA为价值导向,优化企业业绩评价体系,使企业能更好地实现价值最大化目标.

  9. 基于平衡记分卡理论的科研绩效考核系统的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Research Performance Appraisal System Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周钰莹; 及俊川

    2013-01-01

    科研绩效考核是研究所实施绩效管理的主要内容之一,其主要目的在于:通过定期地对各团队科技工作进行回顾与评估,为各团队分析不足、明确方向提供依据,为研究所确定与调整发展目标提供支持,从而促进科研绩效的提高,推动研究所科技工作的持续发展。同时,通过绩效考核,为岗位聘任、绩效分配、薪酬调整等人力资源管理工作提供参考和依据。因此如何公平、公正又高效地进行科研团队绩效考核正是研究所人力资源管理工作的重点之一,也是管理信息化在人力资源管理方面的重点之一。针对此问题,本文首先从管理学的角度介绍了平衡记分卡(The Balanced ScoreCard,BSC)理论在科研院校绩效考核中的应用,之后结合MVC设计模式在普元EOS开发平台上面,设计并实现了一套适用于研究所科研团队绩效考核的系统。%Research performance appraisal is one of the main content for research institutions to implement management of performance appraisal, the main purpose is to provide shortage analysis for the research teams to help clearing the directions, and to establish and adjust the goal of development for the research institutions in order to enhance the scientiifc research performance and to further developing sustainably by reviewing and evaluating the work of research teams regularly. Meanwhile, through performance appraisal, it can provide references for human resources management, including position appointment, performance-based distribution and pay adjustment. Therefore, how to process the performance appraisal fairly, justly and effectively is the focus for human resource management in research institutions and for the management informatization. To this end, this paper, introduces the applications of Balanced Score Card theory to the performance evaluation for research institutions or academies, then presents the design and

  10. RAO-II: an AUV for underwater inspection

    OpenAIRE

    Oliver, G.; Ortiz, A.; Bonin, F.

    2008-01-01

    AIRSUB is a research project funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology whose aim is to explore the industrial applications of underwater robots. The Systems, Robotics and Vision Group (SRV) from the University of the Balearic Islands (UIB) is responsible for the subproject of cable/pipeline inspection [1]. To this purpose, an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) is under development as a platform to test the vision algorithms, control strategies and software ar...

  11. Stereo vision based SLAM using Rao-Blackwellised particle filter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Er-yong WU; Gong-yan LI; Zhi-yu XIANG; Ji-lin LIU

    2008-01-01

    We present an algorithm which can realize 3D stereo vision simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) for mobile robot in unknown outdoor environments, which means the 6-DOF motion and a sparse but persistent map of natural landmarks be constructed online only with a stereo camera. In mobile robotics research, we extend FastSLAM 2.0 like stereo vision SLAM with "pure vision" domain to outdoor environments. Unlike popular stochastic motion model used in conventional monocular vision SLAM, we utilize the ideas of structure from motion (SFM) for initial motion estimation, which is more suitable for the robot moving in large-scale outdoor, and textured environments. SIFT features are used as natural landmarks, and its 3D positions are constructed directly through triangulation. Considering the computational complexity and memory consumption,Bkd-tree and Best-Bin-First (BBF) search strategy are utilized for SIFT feature descriptor matching. Results show high accuracy of our algorithm, even in the circumstance of large translation and large rotation movements.

  12. 150 filmi Odessast Kiievini / Rao Heidmets ; interv. Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heidmets, Rao, 1956-

    2007-01-01

    Ukrainas 14. Rahvusvahelise Animafilmide festivali KROK žüriis osalenu ülevaade üritusest, nähtud filmidest, žürii tööst. Eriauhinna sai Riho Undi nukufilm "Vennad Karusüdamed". Peaauhinna sai inglase Luis Cook'i "Õed Pearce'id" ("The Pearce Sisters")

  13. First results from the RAO Variable Star Search Program: I. Background, Procedure, and Results from RAO Field 1

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Michael D

    2011-01-01

    We describe an ongoing variable star search program and present the first reduced results of a search in a 19 square degree (4.4\\circle x 4.4\\circle) field centered on J2000 {\\alpha} = 22:03:24, {\\delta} = +18:54:32. The search was carried out with the Baker-Nunn Patrol Camera located at the Rothney Astrophysical Observatory in the foothills of the Canadian Rockies. A total of 26,271 stars were detected in the field, over a range of about 11-15 (instrumental) magnitudes. Our image processing made use of the IRAF version of the DAOPHOT aperture photometry routine and we used the ANOVA method to search for periodic variations in the light curves. We formally detected periodic variability in 35 stars, that we tentatively classify according to light curve characteristics: 6 EA (Algol), 5 EB ({\\beta} Lyrae), 19 EW (W UMa), and 5 RR (RR Lyrae) stars. Eleven of the detected variable stars have been reported previously in the literature. The eclipsing binary light curves have been analyzed with a package of light cur...

  14. The application of stakeholder model in the efficiency evaluation of human resource management based on BSC%基于平衡计分卡的利益相关者模型在人力资源管理效能评价中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵瑞美; 邱圣; 周金龙

    2012-01-01

    With the rising of competitive intensity and the organization reforms,the contributions of the human resource management to the organization receiving more and more attention.The rapid development of the new trends,such as employee leasing and outsourcing etc.,leads to new demands for human resource management.An overall appraising method -Stakeholder Model Based on BSC is suggested.Firstly,the thesis identifies the scope of the stakeholders of HRM,and according to their work natures and functions,classifies them into four types,including the top executives,employees and direct supervisors,HR intermediaries,and trade unions and government agencies;Secondly,the four types are placed on the four dimensions of the BSC,and the key indicators are proposed.%经营环境变化和组织变革使得人力资源管理对组织的贡献越来越受到关注,而当前人力资源管理新趋势,如外包和员工租赁等的快速发展,也对人力资源管理部门的工作效能提出了新要求。基于平衡计分卡的利益相关者模型能较好地用于人力资源管理效能的评价。首先,在对人力资源管理相关利益群体进行范围界定的基础上,根据工作性质和职能定位,将其划分为四种类型:高层管理人员、员工及其直线主管、外部中介机构和服务人员、工会和政府机构等;其次,将以上四类利益相关者及其关心的内容指标放置于平衡记分卡模型中,分别称之为战略维度、专业维度、交付维度和社会维度,并提出主要的评价指标。

  15. BSC导向的高校内部审计绩效评价体系的构建及指标权重%Construction and Indicator—weight of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC)—oriented Performance Appraisal System for the Internal Audit of Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍济芬; 陈兴才

    2015-01-01

    高校内部审计是学校内部控制系统的一种特殊方式,通过审核和评价高校各部门的经济活动及经济效益,促进和保障各项工作顺利进行.本文将平衡计分卡(The Balanced Scorecard,简称BSC)这一先进的绩效评价方法引入高校内部审计绩效评价,发展出基于平衡计分卡的高校内部审计绩效评价体系的框架;在此基础上,构建了符合我国高校特点的内部审计绩效评价四维度体系,并确定了指标体系中的指标权重,从而帮助高校内部审计提高工作效率,促进高校内部审计提高绩效水平.

  16. Design of Index System for Performance Evaluation Based on Derived Environmental BSC --Taking Petrochemical Enterprise%基于衍生型环境BSC的绩效评价指标体系设计——以石化企业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晓慧

    2011-01-01

    The formulating of Derived Environmental BSC makes the hidden "causal relationship" between environmental man- agement and economic success more clear and more visual, and provides a management tool and method that supports the successful implementation o%衍生型环境BSC的构建使环境管理对经济成功贡献之间所暗存的“因果关系”更明晰化、可视化,为促进企业成功实施环保战略提供了管理工具和方法。在国内外相关文献的理论指导下,探讨了衍生型环境BSC的绩效评价指标体系的构建路径和基本架构。把环保战略转化为因果关系耦合的目标和指标,是构建衍生型环境BSC绩效评价指标体系的重要依据。衍生型环境BSC需要从四个维度——财务、客户、内部流程和学习与成长——挖掘与环境相关的内容。结合石化企业的行业背景和企业资料进行了案例分析,为其构建衍生型环境BSC提供一种思路和框架。

  17. 应用公众网络平台开展企业人力资源管理效能平衡计分卡评价体系的研究%Application of the Public Network Platform to the Evaluation System of Enterprise Human Resource Management Effectiveness Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹晓峰

    2015-01-01

    Human resources are the most important strategic resources in the enterprises.Itˊs of theoretical and applicable importance to evaluate the effectiveness of human resource management objectively and accurately.With the rapid devel-opment of information technology,relatively mature public network platform provides an effective way for related resear-ches.In this paper,the Balanced Scorecard (BSC)theory is used.Through literature research,network survey,statisti-cal analysis,based on the strategic human resource management perspective and by the use of relatively mature public network platform,a more perfect human resource management effectiveness evaluation system is built.This enables the enterprises to evaluate the effectiveness of human resource management more operational and practical,in order to im-prove the human resource management performance.%人力资源是企业最重要的战略性资源,客观准确地评价人力资源管理效能无论在理论方面还是应用层面均有重要的意义,随着信息技术的高速发展,其相对成熟的公众网络平台为相关研究提供了有效途径。文章以平衡计分卡(BSC)理论为基础,立足于战略性人力资源管理角度,利用相对成熟的公众网络平台,通过文献研究、网络问卷调查、统计分析等方式,探索建立一套较为系统、完善的人力资源管理效能评价指标体系,使企业人力资源管理效能评价更具操作性和实践性,同时推动有关公众网络工具在企业人力资源研究中的应用。

  18. Expert Meeting Report: Cladding Attachment Over Exterior Insulation (BSC Report)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-10-01

    The addition of insulation to the exterior of buildings is an effective means of increasing the thermal resistance of both wood framed walls as well as mass masonry wall assemblies. The location of the insulation to the exterior of the structure has many direct benefits including better effective R-value from reduced thermal bridging, better condensation resistance, reduced thermal stress on the structure, as well as other commonly associated improvements such as increased air tightness and improved water management (Hutcheon 1964, Lstiburek 2007). The intent of the meeting was to review the current state of industry knowledge regarding cladding attachment over exterior insulation with a specific focus on: 1. Gravity load resistance, 2. Wind load resistance. The presentations explore these topics from an engineering design, laboratory testing, field monitoring, as well as practical construction perspective. By bringing various groups together (who have been conduction research or have experience in this area), a more holistic review of the design limits and current code language proposals can be completed and additional gaps identified. The results of which will help inform design standards and criteria.

  19. Strategic Public Management - Selected Experiences with BSC Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan PŮČEK

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Elements associated with modern approaches towards public management have been gaining ground in various forms in the Czech public administration, especially in the last decade. They reflect the priorities of the public administration reform and the enhanced opportunities for co-financing the implementation of new management tools from European funds. This article summarizes the experience of strategic management, based on the analysis of secondary sources and on the experience of one of the authors who has worked as manager in several public administration/public sector institutions. In the practical part, the article focuses on the potential and limits of implementation of the Balanced Scorecard using the practical experience together with the implementation of this instrument at the level of city and ministry.

  20. On Reliability Function of BSC with Noisy Feedback

    CERN Document Server

    Burnashev, M V

    2010-01-01

    For information transmission a binary symmetric channel is used. There is also another noisy binary symmetric channel (feedback channel), and the transmitter observes without delay all the outputs of the forward channel via that feedback channel. The transmission of an exponential number of messages (i.e. the transmission rate is positive) is considered. The achievable decoding error exponent for such a combination of channels is investigated. It is shown that if the crossover probability of the feedback channel is less than a certain positive value, then the achievable error exponent is better than the decoding error exponent of the channel without feedback.

  1. Organization of BSc and MSc projects in project families

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottosen, Lisbeth M.; Goltermann, Per; Jensen, Pernille Erland

    2014-01-01

    This work reports organization of student thesis projects in project families, with the benefit to both teaching and learning. The project organization went from student projects broadly distributed on topics related to different research issues and individual supervision to project families with...

  2. A catalogue of AKARI FIS BSC extragalactic objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marton, Gabor; Toth, L. Viktor; Gyorgy Balazs, Lajos

    2015-08-01

    We combined photometric data of about 70 thousand point sources from the AKARI Far-Infrared Surveyor Bright Source Catalogue with AllWISE catalogue data to identify galaxies. We used Quadratic Discriminant Analysis (QDA) to classify our sources. The classification was based on a 6D parameter space that contained AKARI [F65/F90], [F90/F140], [F140/F160] and WISE W1-W2 colours along with WISE W1 magnitudes and AKARI [F140] flux values. Sources were classified into 3 main objects types: YSO candidates, evolved stars and galaxies. The training samples were SIMBAD entries of the input point sources wherever an associated SIMBAD object was found within a 30 arcsecond search radius. The QDA resulted more than 5000 AKARI galaxy candidate sources. The selection was tested cross-correlating our AKARI extragalactic catalogue with the Revised IRAS-FSC Redshift Catalogue (RIFSCz). A very good match was found. A further classification attempt was also made to differentiate between extragalactic subtypes using Support Vector Machines (SVMs). The results of the various methods showed that we can confidently separate cirrus dominated objects (type 1 of RIFSCz). Some of our “galaxy candidate” sources are associated with 2MASS extended objects, and listed in the NASA Extragalactic Database so far without clear proofs of their extragalactic nature. Examples will be presented in our poster. Finally other AKARI extragalactic catalogues will be also compared to our statistical selection.

  3. Supply chain value creation methodology under BSC approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golrizgashti, Seyedehfatemeh

    2014-06-01

    The objective of this paper is proposing a developed balanced scorecard approach to measure supply chain performance with the aim of creating more value in manufacturing and business operations. The most important metrics have been selected based on experts' opinion acquired by in-depth interviews focused on creating more value for stakeholders. Using factor analysis method, a survey research has been used to categorize selected metrics into balanced scorecard perspectives. The result identifies the intensity of correlation between perspectives and cause-and-effect chains among them using statistical method based on a real case study in home appliance manufacturing industries.

  4. THE BSC METHOD USED IN ACHIEVING ORGANISATIONAL STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian SOCOLIUC

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is the examination of the concept of Balance Scorecard method and its possibilities in achieving process of the strategic objectives of the entity. The author has developed a Strategy map for an entity that transports goods by lorry. The Strategy map it is an important device used to communicate the strategy, focus organization efforts and implement the strategy developed by the management of the entity. The authors recommended, as well, the form of an internal report „Indicator’s sheet”, used for reporting the mode of achievement of each measure set out in the Strategy map.

  5. Supply Chain Dynamic Performance Measurement Based on BSC and SVM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Hong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Now individual contest among enterprises has been turning into collective contest among supply chains. Supply chain management (SCM has been a major component of competitive strategy to enhance organizational productivity and profitability. In recent years, organizational performance measurement and metrics have received much attention from researchers and practitioners. The foundation of proper supply chain performance assessment system is the basis of its effective operation and management. Most of the traditional supply chain performance evaluation is a static evaluation, while the actual supply chain is a dynamic system, therefore need to adapt with ways to carry out the evaluation. In order to meet the needs of the dynamic alliance's overall performance evaluation, this paper extended the traditional four Balanced Scorecard dimension into five. On this basis, established the five Balanced Scorecard dimension of supply chain, and also established a three-layered of quantitative index system according to this model. Measured then each performance indexs value by using the theory of Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process, meanwhile reduced the number of input of the Support Vector Machine (SVM by using classification method, finally, got performance evaluations result by using the weighted Least Squares Support Vector Machine (LS-SVM, which provides the basis for rational analysis and decision-making of the supply chain.

  6. Research on the Index System of Performance Evaluation of Middle-level Cadres in Colleges and Universities---Based on BSC and KPI%高校中层干部绩效评估指标体系设计研究--基于BSC和KPI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张权; 黄慧

    2014-01-01

    高校中层干部绩效评估最重要的环节之一是设计一套科学合理的绩效评估指标体系。根据平衡记分卡的四个维度设计关键绩效指标体系是企业绩效评估指标体系应用于高校中层干部绩效评估的一种尝试。从BSC的财务、客户、内部经营流程四个维度出发,设计分别设计四个维度下的关键绩效指标,比如在学习与成长维度下可以设计管理信息系统建设、师资队伍建设、科学研究共三个一级指标,继而设计出一级指标下的二级指标,如师资队伍建设包括招聘计划达成率、招聘合格率等八项指标,同时给出这些二级指标的定义与标准。其他一级指标同样需要设计出若干二级指标,方法与师资队伍建设指标的二级关键绩效指标的设计方法类似,最终设计出一套科学合理的绩效评估指标体系。%One of the most important part of performance evaluation of the middle-level cadres in colleges is to design the index system of performance evaluation, the bal-anced scorecard and key performance indicators to combine these two methods. Accord-ing to the four dimensions of the Balanced Scorecard design, we can design more scien-tific performance evaluation index system. Moreover, key performance indicators system is the enterprise performance evaluation index system in an attempt to apply the perfor-mance of middle-level cadres in higher education evaluation. More specifically, there are four dimensions from BSC, financial, customer, internal business processes; such as the learning and growth dimensions can design the management information system construc-tion, teachers team construction, scientific research, including three first level indicators, two indicators and the design of a level indicator the construction of teachers' team. Oth-er indicators also need to design some two level index, design methods of two stage method of key performance indicators and the

  7. Relationship between surfactant alterations and severity of disease in horses with recurrent airway obstruction (RAO).

    OpenAIRE

    Christmann, Undine

    2008-01-01

    Pulmonary surfactant is synthesized in the alveoli and lines the respiratory epithelium of the airways. Phospholipids, the main component of surfactant, confer it its ability to lower surface tension and to prevent alveolar collapse. Airway surfactant helps maintain smaller airway patency, improves muco-ciliary clearance, decreases bronchoconstriction, and modulates pulmonary immunity. Surfactant alterations in human asthma are therefore believed to contribute to the severity of airway obstr...

  8. Cramér-Rao lower bound analysis for guidance systems with bearings-only measurements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yong-an; ZHOU Di; DUAN Guang-ren

    2007-01-01

    Most currently existing investigations on the observability of passive guidance systems can only protimability analysis of closed-loop guidance systems with bearings-only measurements, is proposed. The new method provides an intuitive result for observability of the guidance system through graphical analysis. As a demonstration, a numerical example is presented, in which the degrees of observability of the guidance systems under two commonly used guidance laws are compared by using the new approach.

  9. Corporate finance and option theory: an extension model of rao and stevens (2007)

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Xiaoni

    2010-01-01

    El objetivo planteado es contribuir a la teoría y práctica de la valoración financiera de la empresa estudiando la influencia que sobre dicha valoración ejercen integradamente gobierno, accionistas, acreedores, empleados y clientes. La necesaria flexibilidad de la vida empresarial se modeliza usando la metodología de las opciones, tanto ordinarias como reales. Las principales novedades se hallan en los dos ámbitos siguientes: 1) de carácter instrumental, que consiste en la f...

  10. A Rao-Blackwellized particle filter for joint parameter estimation and biomass tracking in a stochastic predator-prey system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-Fernández, Laura; Gilioli, Gianni; Lanzarone, Ettore; Miguez, Joaquin; Pasquali, Sara; Ruggeri, Fabrizio; Ruiz, Diego P

    2014-06-01

    Functional response estimation and population tracking in predator-prey systems are critical problems in ecology. In this paper we consider a stochastic predator-prey system with a Lotka-Volterra functional response and propose a particle filtering method for: (a) estimating the behavioral parameter representing the rate of effective search per predator in the functional response and (b) forecasting the population biomass using field data. In particular, the proposed technique combines a sequential Monte Carlo sampling scheme for tracking the time-varying biomass with the analytical integration of the unknown behavioral parameter. In order to assess the performance of the method, we show results for both synthetic and observed data collected in an acarine predator-prey system, namely the pest mite Tetranychus urticae and the predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis. PMID:24506552

  11. Computational intelligence techniques for comparative genomics dedicated to Prof. Allam Appa Rao on the occasion of his 65th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Gunjan, Vinit

    2015-01-01

    This Brief highlights Informatics and related techniques to Computer Science Professionals, Engineers, Medical Doctors, Bioinformatics researchers and other interdisciplinary researchers. Chapters include the Bioinformatics of Diabetes and several computational algorithms and statistical analysis approach to effectively study the disorders and possible causes along with medical applications.

  12. Revisiting the health-income nexus in Malaysia: ARDL cointegration and Rao's F-test for causality

    OpenAIRE

    Tang, Chor Foon

    2010-01-01

    This study re-visits the health-income nexus for Malaysia using alternative econometric techniques which addressed on the small sample problem. This study covers the annual sample period of 1970 to 2009. Based on the appealing small sample properties, we applied the bounds testing approach to cointegration and the system-wise Rao’s F-test with bootstrap simulation procedure in this study. The bounds test suggests that health care expenditure and real income are moving together in the long-run...

  13. Radiation safety during remediation of the SevRAO facilities: 10 years of regulatory experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sneve, M K; Shandala, N; Kiselev, S; Simakov, A; Titov, A; Seregin, V; Kryuchkov, V; Shcheblanov, V; Bogdanova, L; Grachev, M; Smith, G M

    2015-09-01

    In compliance with the fundamentals of the government's policy in the field of nuclear and radiation safety approved by the President of the Russian Federation, Russia has developed a national program for decommissioning of its nuclear legacy. Under this program, the State Atomic Energy Corporation 'Rosatom' is carrying out remediation of a Site for Temporary Storage of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and radioactive waste (RW) at Andreeva Bay located in Northwest Russia. The short term plan includes implementation of the most critical stage of remediation, which involves the recovery of SNF from what have historically been poorly maintained storage facilities. SNF and RW are stored in non-standard conditions in tanks designed in some cases for other purposes. It is planned to transport recovered SNF to PA 'Mayak' in the southern Urals. This article analyses the current state of the radiation safety supervision of workers and the public in terms of the regulatory preparedness to implement effective supervision of radiation safety during radiation-hazardous operations. It presents the results of long-term radiation monitoring, which serve as informative indicators of the effectiveness of the site remediation and describes the evolving radiation situation. The state of radiation protection and health care service support for emergency preparedness is characterized by the need to further study the issues of the regulator-operator interactions to prevent and mitigate consequences of a radiological accident at the facility. Having in mind the continuing intensification of practical management activities related to SNF and RW in the whole of northwest Russia, it is reasonable to coordinate the activities of the supervision bodies within a strategic master plan. Arrangements for this master plan are discussed, including a proposed programme of actions to enhance the regulatory supervision in order to support accelerated mitigation of threats related to the nuclear legacy in the area. PMID:26160861

  14. The Rao-Blackwellized marginal M-SMC filter for Bayesian multi-target tracking and labelling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aoki, E.H.; Boers, Y.; Svensson, L.; Mandal, P.K.; Bagchi, A.

    2012-01-01

    In multi-target tracking (MTT), we are often interested not only in finding the position of the objects, but also allowing individual objects to be uniquely identified with the passage of time, by placing a label on each track. In some situations, however, observability conditions do not allow us to

  15. Expressions non-matricielles des bornes de Cramer-Rao pour la localisation de source en champ proche

    OpenAIRE

    El Korso, Mohammed Nabil; Boyer, Remy; Renaux, Alexandre; Marcos, Sylvie

    2009-01-01

    Lors d'une localisation de sources à l'aide d'un réseau de capteurs passifs, on fait généralement l'hypothèse simplificatrice de sources situées loin de l'antenne. Cependant, dans le cas de sources proches de l'antenne, les fronts d'ondes ne sont plus plans et il faut prendre en compte un modèle d'observation paramétré, non seulement par l'azimut et l'élévation de chaque source, mais aussi par la distance entre les sources et un référentiel vis-à-vis de l'antenne. Bien qu'une pléthore de méth...

  16. Hassles, uplifts, and anxiety reported by Post-RN students in a BScN programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viverais-Dresler, G; Rukholm, E; Koren, I

    1991-12-01

    This study examined the daily hassles, uplifts and anxiety of registered nurse students (Post-RN) during a Community Health Nursing challenge examination in a baccalaureate nursing programme. The objectives of the first phase of this study were 1) to identify the daily hassles, uplifts and anxiety experienced by distance education and on-campus students and 2) to examine relationships among these variables and selected sociodemographic factors. Spielberger's (1983) State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Folkman and Lazarus' (1989) Hassles and Uplifts questionnaire were utilised. State anxiety levels were found to be higher than those of female working adults (Spielberger 1983). As well, on-campus students had higher state anxiety levels than distance education students. Trait anxiety differed significantly by age. Except for employment status, sociodemographic factors had no impact on hassles or uplifts. Unemployed subjects experienced significantly greater intensity of uplifts than subjects employed in a hospital setting. Hassles contributed significantly to the anxiety expressed by registered nurse students. As anticipated for women fulfilling multiple family, work and student roles, time pressure emerged as the most important hassle factor. Future research is planned to further explore hassles, uplifts and anxiety as Post-RN students progress through a baccalaureate nursing programme. PMID:1775119

  17. Construction of Performance Evaluation Index System for Enterprises Implementing Green Food Certification Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the investigation results of 70 green food enterprises in Sichuan Province,the strategic targets of enterprises implementing green food certification are discussed by borrowing ideas from the Balanced Score Card.Balanced Score Card index system is selected and improved according to the changes of enterprises before and after implementing the green food certification system.Then,the performance evaluation index system of enterprises implementing green food certification is established.This index system has five strategic directions of finance,customer,internal management,social ecology,and learning and growth,and has 11 strategic targets,such as increasing operating profit,expanding market,improving the quality of staff,improving the production technology level,enhancing the core competence of enterprises,ensuring food safety,improving the physical quality of human,and protecting ecological environment.According to the principles of guidance,scientificity,comparability,feasibility,and significance,a total of 24 evaluation indices are established,including the change of product cost,change of product sales revenue,change of profit rate,change of return on investment,change of internal and external lost cost,change of the proportion of certified products in total sales and so on.

  18. From B.Sc. to Ph.D., my shuffle off to Buffalo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolger, Gordon T

    2015-11-15

    From the fall of 1978 until the summer of 1982, I was a graduate student in the Laboratory of Dr. David Triggle in the Department of Biochemical Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, State University of New York at Buffalo. This contribution permits me the opportunity to take you back in time into David's laboratory and tell you the story of how my early research career was borne and to provide a glimpse into some of the accomplishments that David, I and my fellow graduates students made. The central theme of my research was to bring together the many events that controlled the contraction of guinea-pig ileal longitudinal muscle, from the binding of muscarinic agonists, the movement of mono- and divalent cations that control depolarization to contraction itself and the differences between muscarinic and non-muscarinic mediated contraction and tachyphylaxis. From these studies, we were able to provide concrete data supporting a fluid muscarinic receptor-effector coupling model that challenged the concept of spare receptors. We also were able to develop methods to quantitate the binding sites for dihydropyrine calcium channel antagonists thereby opening the door to a flood of studies that furthered our understanding of these clinically employed drugs, providing a new target to elucidate the mechanism(s) of action of drugs that act outside of and within the central nervous system. PMID:26119822

  19. On zero-rate error exponent for BSC with noisy feedback

    CERN Document Server

    Burnashev, Marat V

    2008-01-01

    For the information transmission a binary symmetric channel is used. There is also another noisy binary symmetric channel (feedback channel), and the transmitter observes without delay all the outputs of the forward channel via that feedback channel. The transmission of a nonexponential number of messages (i.e. the transmission rate equals zero) is considered. The achievable decoding error exponent for such a combination of channels is investigated. It is shown that if the crossover probability of the feedback channel is less than a certain positive value, then the achievable error exponent is better than the similar error exponent of the no-feedback channel. The transmission method described and the corresponding lower bound for the error exponent can be strengthened, and also extended to the positive transmission rates.

  20. Comprehensive Framework for Evaluating e-Learning Systems: Using BSC Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momeni, Mansor; Jamporazmey, Mona; Mehrafrouz, Mohsen; Bahadori, Fatemeh

    2013-01-01

    The development of information and communication technology (ICT) is changing the way in which people work, communicate and learn. Recently developing and implementing e-learning solutions have increased dramatically. According to heavily investing in this area, it is essential to evaluate its different aspects and understand measures, which…

  1. On Network-Error Correcting Convolutional Codes under the BSC Edge Error Model

    CERN Document Server

    Prasad, K

    2010-01-01

    Convolutional network-error correcting codes (CNECCs) are known to provide error correcting capability in acyclic instantaneous networks within the network coding paradigm under small field size conditions. In this work, we investigate the performance of CNECCs under the error model of the network where the edges are assumed to be statistically independent binary symmetric channels, each with the same probability of error $p_e$($0\\leq p_e<0.5$). We obtain bounds on the performance of such CNECCs based on a modified generating function (the transfer function) of the CNECCs. For a given network, we derive a mathematical condition on how small $p_e$ should be so that only single edge network-errors need to be accounted for, thus reducing the complexity of evaluating the probability of error of any CNECC. Simulations indicate that convolutional codes are required to possess different properties to achieve good performance in low $p_e$ and high $p_e$ regimes. For the low $p_e$ regime, convolutional codes with g...

  2. Evaluating Effect of Knowledge Management Strategy on Human Resource Management Performance Using BSC Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Mansoori

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This research provided a model for evaluating the effect of knowledge management strategy on human resource management performance in higher education institutes and academic libraries. This research was a descriptive survey. According to the research literature and expert opinions, in human resource level, 38 indicators were produced for evaluating KM, then these indicators were classified in 10 total factors in terms of balanced scorecard approach. The results of evaluating knowledge management in Yazd academic libraries showed that, this strategy on customer perspectives, internal processes, learning and growth perspective had a good performance. But in terms of financial and Labor productivity indicators and training programs it did not have a good outcome for Yazd academic libraries.

  3. Ranking critical success factor in chaos management using BSC and AHP method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehsan Khosravi Asil

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Managing an organization under chaos and uncertainty is often a concern of academic society. These days, we may face unpleasant natural, economical or even political incidents where mangers need to handle them, properly. This paper presents an empirical survey to investigate on an electromotor maker when it faces different chaos. The proposed study uses balanced scorecard in terms of four different perspectives including internal process, learning and growth, customer and financial performances. For each perspective, the proposed study uses analytical hierarchy process to rank different sub-criteria. Based on the results of our survey profit margin is the most important item followed by profit capability and brand name while productivity and sales force performance were the least important items.

  4. BSC A口扩容的原则和常见案例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟俊标; 葛畅

    2009-01-01

    A接口是GSM系统中BSC的最重要的接口之一,A口的开通维护是GSM系统工程师的基本工作之一.文章主要以ZXG10 BSC设备为例,阐述了BSC的A口(TDM E1方式)扩容配置所遵循的一般原则、A口对接时的注意事项和常见问题的排查步骤,并列举了一些实际案例分析.

  5. 阿尔卡特BSC 割接调整方案探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周文; 魏佳旻; 黄启虎

    2015-01-01

    阿尔卡特BSC为分离式架构,BSC、MFS、TC之间通过DDF链接,当DDF需要搬迁时,会直接影响BSC的链接及现网业务,本论文以7套阿尔卡特BSC的DDF搬迁为例,提出了目前网络建设中日益增多的设备替换或搬迁时的建议方案。

  6. The E-Balanced Scorecard (e-BSC) for Measuring Academic Staff Performance Excellence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, May Leen; Hamid, Suraya; Ijab, Mohamad Taha; Soo, Hsaio Pei

    2009-01-01

    This research paper is a pilot study that investigated the suitability of adopting an automated balanced scorecard for managing and measuring the performance excellence of academic staffs in the higher education setting. A comprehensive study of related literature with requirements elicited from the target population in a selected premier…

  7. 平衡计分卡(BSC)的实施探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田晓

    2006-01-01

    20世纪90年代出现的平衡计分卡(Balanced Scorecard,BSC)是在财务评价基础上进行的扩展,它有效地克服了传统以财务报表为基础的绩效评价制度的片面、静态与滞后性,极大地拓宽了评价理论的空间,成为20世纪最有影响的75个商业理念之一。

  8. Environment report 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmental impacts of activities carried out by the Slovak Electric, plc is presented. These impacts are reported under the following headings: (1) Statement of the Chairman of the Board of directors; (2) Environmental policies of Slovak Electric Joint Stock Company; (3) Atmospheric Protection; (4) Water management; (5) Waste management; (6) Environmental management system of SE, a. s.; (7) Financial of the protection of the environment; (8) NPP Bohunice, o. z., Jaslovske Bohunice; (9) NPP Mochovce, o. z., Mochovce; (10) Decommissioning of nuclear installations, BSC RAO, o. z., Jaslovske Bohunice; (11) Thermal Power Station Vojany, o. z., Vojany; (12) Thermal Power Station Novaky, o. z., Zemianske Kostolany; (13) Thermal Energetic Kosice, o. z., Kosice; (14) Hydroelectric Power Plants Trencin, o. z., Trencin; (15) Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina, o. z., Dobsina; (16) Transmissive System, o. z., Bratislava; (17) 3rd and 4th block of the NPP Mochovce, o. z., Mochovce

  9. 基于 BSC 的高校战略绩效评估体系构建%Construction of the strategy performance evaluation system on universities based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽丽; 申玲

    2014-01-01

    从我国高校绩效评估现状及存在的问题出发,对构建基于平衡计分卡的高效战略绩效评估体系进行定性分析。根据高校绩效评估的目标,从社会服务、财务资源、内部流程、组织创新等4个维度设计评估指标体系。该评估体系对于提高学校的管理效率,强化教职工的责任意识,激发教职工的积极性和创造性,实现高校发展目标具有重要意义。%T he current situation and existing problems of performance evaluation in the universities are analyzed qualitatively .According to the performance evaluation target ,an evaluation index system was designed from four dimensions which were social services ,financial resources ,internal processes ,and organizational innovation .The evaluation system is of great significance to improve the efficiency of the school of management ,strengthen the responsibility consciousness of the staff ,motivate staff enthusi-asm and creativity ,and realize the development goals of colleges and universities .

  10. 可持续发展视阈下企业绩效BSC-AHP-FCE评价研究%The Research on BSC-AHP-FCE Evaluation of Enterprise Performance Based on Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍江林; 刘素荣

    2012-01-01

    结合我国企业绩效评价的发展需要,按照可持续发展战略的要求,结合平衡计分卡的四维指导思想,改进平衡计分卡的结构内容,从持续增长财务、相关利益反映、QHSE运营流程、持续创新能力四个维度构建绩效评价指标体系,运用层次分析法确定指标递阶层次结构和权重,构建模糊综合评价模型,分层次进行模糊综合评价,并针对样本企业展开实例应用。%At present, the concept of sustainable development has been integrated into enterprise manage- ment level, but specific performance evaluation still needs to continuously explore. Combined with the needs of enterprise performance evaluation in our country, and reference to previous research, according to the require- ments of the sustainable development strategy, based on BSC(the Balanced Score Card)four-dimensional guiding ideology, improve the structure of Balanced Scorecard, establish performance evaluation index system comprising of the continued growth in financial, related interests reflected, QHSE operational processes and continuous in- novation. And apply AHP to determine the indicators structure and weights, then constuct fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model, proceed hierarchical fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, and an application example analysis.

  11. Study on Evaluation of Internal Control of Supply Chain Based on BSC-FANP%基于 BSC-FANP 供应链内部控制评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玉红; 尤建新; 唐述毅; 王瑞

    2014-01-01

    To enhance the overall effectiveness and promote the sustainable development of the supply chain has always been the focus of supply chain management .To solve this problem ,an evaluation system of internal con-trol of supply chain based on balanced scorecard-fuzzy analytic network process is proposed .First, the balanced scorecard is used to build an efficiency-oriented evaluation index system to improve the overall efficiency of the supply chain , which consists of four indicators and twelve secondary indicators .Then , the evaluation index weight through fuzzy analytic network process is designed .Furthermore, multiplication and addition ( weighted average ) function of fuzzy analytic network process to calculate and synthesize the weight of evaluation indicators and secondary indicators is used .Finally, an example of Shanghai retail supply chain is given , with the balanced scorecard-fuzzy analytic network process mode built in this paper , to analyse and evaluate their supply chain and its node enterprise .The example shows the feasibility and practicability of the model .%提升供应链整体功效、促进供应链持续发展一直以来都是供应链管理关注的重点,针对该问题建立一个基于平衡计分卡-模糊网络分析模型的供应链内部控制评价体系。首先运用平衡计分卡构建一个由4个维度、12个指标组成的以提高整体效率为导向的评价指标体系;然后通过模糊网络分析法对其进行指标权重的设计,运用模糊网络分析法的乘和加(加权平均)算子进行评价指标/维度的权重计算及合成;最后,以上海某零售业供应链为例,运用建立的平衡计分卡-模糊网络分析模型对供应链及其节点企业内部控制现状进行分析、评价,证明了该模型的可行性和实用性。

  12. Indian Himalayan Glaciology Research Programme - An Overview POPURI SANJEEVA RAO Department of Science and Technology, Technology Bhawan, New Delhi-110016, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanjeeva Rao, P.

    2013-12-01

    Himalayan Glaciers are unique in many respects. Glaciers are expected to be sensitive to variations in weather and climate forcing. In view of their socio economic importance and unique environmental settings, prepared a scientific report on the `Dynamics of Glaciers in the Indian Himalaya - The Science Plan' synthesizing the available knowledge on the Glaciers in the high mountain regions. Various thrust areas for in-depth studies in glaciology were recognized to generate the necessary scientific information to devise suitable science and technology based intervention strategies. Based on the accessibility, length, aspect, altitude, etc. identified nine bench-mark glaciers, out of 9500 glaciers, across the Indian Himalaya for continuous monitoring in collaboration with different institutions and organizations. Recognizing the fact that the snow melt and glacier melt runoff from the Gangotri Glacier is the hydrological source of Ganga River basin national significance, prepared a status report on `Gangotri Glacier'. In order to understand the role of atmospheric forcing on various aspects of glacier dynamics, including hydrological processes evolved an `Integrated Program on Gangotri Glacier'. This program is to utilize modern in-situ observational systems, advanced remote sensing techniques and modeling to undertake snow cover, mass balance, hydrological, geochemical, geomorphological and aerosols over Himalaya. Efforts are in place towards establishing of a `National Centre for Himalayan Glaciology' at Mussoorie for undertaking long-term monitoring of the glaciers, strengthening of integrated observational systems in the glaciated environments. Capacity building in the form of infrastructure and human resources through multidisciplinary research projects in Himalayan Glaciology is in progress. The presentation shall enlighten the details of these new initiatives to understand the `Dynamics of Glaciers in the Indian Himalaya'.

  13. First Records ofMegophrys daweimontis Rao and Yang, 1997 andAmolops vitreus (Bain, Stuart and Orlov, 2006) (Anura:Megophryidae, Ranidae) from Vietnam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dzung Trung LE; Anh Van PHAM; Son Hung Lan NGUYEN; Thomas ZIEGLER; Truong Quang NGUYEN

    2015-01-01

    Two amphibian species,Megophrys daweimontisandAmolops vitreus,are recorded for the ifrst time from Vietnam, on the basis of a new amphibian collection from Dien Bien and Son La provinces. In addition, acoustic analysis ofA. vitreus is also provided based on the advertisement calls recorded in Muong Nhe Nature Reserve of Dien Bien Province, Vietnam.

  14. 激光多普勒测速频率估计的Cramer-Rao下限%The Cramr-Rao Bound for Frequency Estimation from LDA Measurements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殳伟群

    2003-01-01

    本文推导了激光多普勒测速(LDA)频率估计的Cramer-Rao下限.得到了不同于目前LDA工作者广为使用的基于纯频谐波信号的分析结果.得出以下结论:对大多数LDA测量而言,其频率估计的Cramer-Rao下限将是同样情况下纯频谐波信号频率估计的2到6倍.

  15. Evaluation of a model of dissertation supervision for 3rd year B.Sc. undergraduate nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholefield, Donna; Cox, Georgina

    2016-03-01

    All English universities now offer an all degree undergraduate nursing programme. Many currently use an individual supervision model to support final year dissertation students, but with increased numbers and limited resources new models of supervision are needed. This study evaluated a mixed (group and individual) model of dissertation supervision to determine its effectiveness for a large group of undergraduate nursing students. A sample of 3rd year students and their supervisors were selected from one large university. An evaluation survey was conducted using anonymous internet-based questionnaires and focus groups. The data was analysed using Survey Monkey, SPSS and thematic analysis. A 51% (n = 56/110) response rate (students) and 65% (n = 24/37) for supervisors was obtained. The majority of students and supervisors were satisfied with the new model. There was a mixed response to the group workshops and supervision groups. Three themes emerged from the qualitative data: engaging with the process, motivation to supervise and valuing the process. The supervision process is a struggle but both parties gained considerably from going through the process. In conclusion, a mixed model of supervision together with a range of other learning resources can be an effective approach in supporting students through the dissertation process. PMID:26700648

  16. A BSC method for supplier selection strategy using TOPSIS and VIKOR: A case study of part maker industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel Azar

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, provision-chain management has been one of the major concepts. The main reason that attracts attention to the concept is the increase in competition and struggle for the survival. There are different ways to increase the competition in organizations such as increasing productivity by acquiring information technology. In this paper, we present an integrated model with the balanced score card framework for supplier selection strategy. The proposed model of this paper gathers 161 important factors suggested in the literature and selects the six most important ones using different multi criteria techniques. We also propose a goal programming techniques with some hard constraints and implement the mathematical model for real-world case study of auto industry. The proposed model is solved in four different forms using TOPSIS, VIKOR and the combination of these 2 factors with factor analysis. The preliminary results indicate that a combination of VIKOR and factor analysis presented better results with 9% reduction in costs, 38% increase of quality, and 3.2% increase in acceptability.

  17. Identify and Prioritize Effective Indicators at the Administration of Qazvin Imam Khomeini Relief Foundation Using Balanced Scorecard (BSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javad Mehrabi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available According to the organization's activities as a social institution responsive to society expectations, the performance evaluation can determine organization success or failure rate in the goals achievement.This study has been done to survey performance evaluation of administration Qazvin Imam Khomeini Relief Foundation. This research is a descriptive - analytical survey and a simple random sample of 7 individuals from the expert staff have been chosen and questionnaire was completed by them. Then, obtained data was analyzed by MATLAB software. It is worth noting that data design and analysis has been based on the analytic network process.Main indicators of this research are including: customer orientation aspect, internal business processes aspect, growth and learning and financial aspect. Financial aspect with the 35.72% had highest weight, customer orientation aspect with the 25.15% was in the next place, growth and learning aspect with 20.84% was in the third place and finally, internal business processes aspect with 18.29% was in the fourth place. Finally, in addition to the study of necessity of educational programs and internal business processes promotion and development, its more effective implementation is recommended.

  18. Evaluation of a model of dissertation supervision for 3rd year B.Sc. undergraduate nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholefield, Donna; Cox, Georgina

    2016-03-01

    All English universities now offer an all degree undergraduate nursing programme. Many currently use an individual supervision model to support final year dissertation students, but with increased numbers and limited resources new models of supervision are needed. This study evaluated a mixed (group and individual) model of dissertation supervision to determine its effectiveness for a large group of undergraduate nursing students. A sample of 3rd year students and their supervisors were selected from one large university. An evaluation survey was conducted using anonymous internet-based questionnaires and focus groups. The data was analysed using Survey Monkey, SPSS and thematic analysis. A 51% (n = 56/110) response rate (students) and 65% (n = 24/37) for supervisors was obtained. The majority of students and supervisors were satisfied with the new model. There was a mixed response to the group workshops and supervision groups. Three themes emerged from the qualitative data: engaging with the process, motivation to supervise and valuing the process. The supervision process is a struggle but both parties gained considerably from going through the process. In conclusion, a mixed model of supervision together with a range of other learning resources can be an effective approach in supporting students through the dissertation process.

  19. Performance Assessment of the Food Industry of Tehran Stock Exchange Based on Balanced Score Card (BSC Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morteza Asadi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Major objective of the present paper was to study the role of balanced score card regarding performance assessment of companies listed in food and beverage industry in the stock exchange. This survey is descriptive and is regarded as a quasi-experimental research plan (Ex-Post design. The statistical population included 200 managers and research sample consisted of 99 persons based on Cochran formula. Questionnaire was used for data collection. Frequency tables and appropriate diagrams were applied to describe data and inferential statistics methods such as student's t-test were used to confirm or reject hypotheses. Variance analysis and t-test for two independent samples were used to study the impact of personal characteristics on responding to the hypotheses. Ranking of improvement degree of indexes for realization of purposes and determining rank of each factor was studied using Friedman test. Results of testing hypotheses reveal it is necessary for organizations to emphasize internal processes more given that planning and implementing efficient and suitable processes in the organization is led to offering appropriate services. About growth and learning scope it is notable that since employees are major capitals of the organization, special attention must be paid to this sector in order to satisfy employees and provide long-term benefits of the organization.

  20. An Examination of the Practicability of COBIT Framework and the Proposal of a COBIT-BSC Model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, S.; Le, Fever H.

    2013-01-01

    Control Objectives for Information and Related Technology (COBIT) becomes very popular in recent years and is regarded as the most comprehensive IT governance framework. However, its actual utilization and effectiveness are not clear due to the lack of academic studies. Also, the proliferation of ot

  1. An Examination of the Practicability of COBIT Framework and the Proposal of a COBIT-BSC Model

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, S.; Le, Fever H.

    2013-01-01

    Control Objectives for Information and Related Technology (COBIT) becomes very popular in recent years and is regarded as the most comprehensive IT governance framework. However, its actual utilization and effectiveness are not clear due to the lack of academic studies. Also, the proliferation of other IT standards and best practices, such as ISO27000 series and ITIL, creates great challenges for organizations to understand their relations and to take advantage of them. The main objective of ...

  2. 关于爱立信BSC Gb over IP改造技术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红军

    2011-01-01

    文章简单介绍7Gb over IP技术,然后详细分析了爱立信BSC设备Gb over IP改造技术,包括网络设计方案及相关原理、现网BSC进行Gb□ IP化改造的内容以及BSC部分数据定义等几方面,对Gb over IP方式下的统计优化进行了探讨,最后举例说明了Gb over IP在实际工作中出现的故障及其处理.

  3. An integrated approach to analyze strategy map using BSC – FUZZY AHP: A case study of auto industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Abdolshah

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In an environment, which is highly competitive and everything changes rapidly, managers of organizations face with problems such as how to identify important factors preventing organizations from optimum use of available resources and capacities and invest more on key factors. To achieve this goal, we need to develop an effective strategy map for organizations. The strategy map is a constructional and expanding procedure to identify relationships among all the organization's strategic goals, which play a key role in achieving competitive advantage. Undoubtedly, representing a model to identify and to evaluate the important items for each of available goals in strategy map of each organization is a significant help for management to access higher competition benefits. In this paper, strategic objectives in the strategy map of one of the best producer of electric auto part makers in Iran called Electric Vehicle Co. East are evaluated based on balanced score card perspective and to assign appropriate values to available factors we use a hybrid method consist of AHP technique with Fuzzy logic.

  4. Lood ajast ja elust / Indrek Rohtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rohtmets, Indrek, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Joonisfilm "Elulood" : stsenaristid Rao Heidmets ja Mats Traat : režissöör Rao Heidmets : kunstnik Ave Nahkur : helilooja Olav Ehala : Rao Heidmetsa Filmistuudio, 2007. Lk. 111-112 lühidalt R. Heidmetsa biograafia ja filmograafia

  5. An empirical study based on BSC-DEA to measure the relative efficiencies of different health care centers in province of Semnan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azam Ghotbuee

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present an empirical investigation to measure the relative efficiency of seven health care centers in province of Semnan, Iran, which were under the coverage of social security organization of Iran. The proposed model of this paper uses a hybrid of balanced score card and data envelopment analysis for performance measurement. The proposed sudy uses four perspectives of balanced score card including learning and growth, internal process, customer and financial perspectives and within each perspective, data envelopment analysis is adopted so that the outputs of each perspective are used as inputs of the other perspective. The preliminary results indicate that all seven units perform relatively well and the overall efficiency of all units in this province is 0.769.

  6. Study on strategic management cockpit of university based on BSC%基于BSC的高校战略管理驾驶舱系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李良; 米智伟; 向新

    2011-01-01

    To enhance the capacity of the university strategic management and strengthen the core competitiveness of university, a information-based method of strategic management in university is proposed, which is based on balanced scorecard theory and management cockpit platform. First, the possibility of importing balanced scorecard into management cockpit system is discussed. Second, according to the different characteristics between universities and enterprises, the enterprise used balanced scorecard is modified to suit the situation of university. Then, it is used to S university, and a strategic management indicator system is designed. After that, the strategic management cockpit of university, which manages strategic information of university, is built by importing this management model into the management cockpit. Meanwhile, a case of theme: "outstanding teaching and researching services" is presented to verify the feasibility of the system.%为了提升高校战略管理能力,增强高校核心竞争力,提出了基于平衡计分卡理论和管理驾驶舱实现平台的高校战略管理的信息化方法.讨论了将平衡计分卡理论引入到管理驾驶舱系统的可能性,根据高校与企业的不同特点,将企业用的平衡计分卡修正为适合高校的平衡计分卡,并将其应用到S大学,设计了S大学战略管理指标体系.通过把该管理模型引入到管理驾驶舱系统,设计了高校战略管理驾驶舱系统,实现了高校战略管理的信息化.以“卓越的教学与科研服务”战略主题为例论证了该系统的可行性.

  7. The Research on Business Ethics of Tourism Corporations Based on BSC%基于平衡记分卡的旅游企业道德研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐善鸿; 吕波

    2006-01-01

    由于行业特性和道德本身的难以衡量性,评价旅游企业道德成为业界与学界的难题.笔者利用平衡记分卡思想,拓展了旅游企业道德评价指标体系的设计思路,通过与具体指标相对应,提出了提升旅游企业道德的具体举措,为旅游企业规范道德行为、建立具有实践操作性的道德系统提供指导和借鉴.

  8. Evaluation of the use of Classical Nucleation Theory for predicting intestinal crystalline precipitation of two weakly basic BSC class II drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlert, Sara; Lennernäs, Hans; Abrahamsson, Bertil

    2014-03-12

    The aim of this work was to evaluate an in vitro-in silico approach for prediction of small intestinal crystalline precipitation and drug absorption of two weakly basic model BCS class II drugs, AZD0865 and mebendazole. The crystallization rates were investigated in an in vitro method using simulated gastric and intestinal media, and the result was modeled by using Classical Nucleation Theory (CNT). The effect of varying in vitro parameters (initial drug concentration, rate of mixing gastric and intestinal fluid, stirring and filtration) on the interfacial tension γ, being a key parameter in CNT, was investigated. The initial drug concentration had the most significant effect on γ for both substances tested, although γ is a fundamental parameter independent of concentration according to CNT. In the subsequent in silico prediction of drug absorption, by use of a Compartmental and Transit intestinal model, an empirical approach was used where γ was allowed to vary with simulated small intestinal concentrations. The in silico predictions were compared to published human in vivo plasma drug concentration data for different doses of AZD0865 and dog intestinal drug concentrations, amount precipitated in intestine and plasma concentrations for mebendazole. The results showed that lack of significant crystallization effects on absorption in man of the model drug AZD0865 up to doses of 4 mg/kg could be predicted which was in accordance with in vivo data. Mebendazole intestinal precipitation in canines was also well described by the model, where mean predicted amount precipitated was 136% (range 111-164%) of measured solid amount, and mean predicted intestinal concentration was 94% (range 59-147%) of measured concentration. In conclusion, the in vitro-in silico approach can be used for predictions of absorption effects of crystallization, but the model could benefit from further development work on the theoretical crystallization model and in vitro experimental design.

  9. The Method for BSC Allocation and the Design of Cutover Scheme%BSC划分方法与割接方案的制定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗鹏

    2009-01-01

    BSC的割接规划主要是BSC控制范围和负荷的合理规划,以及在割接过程中应当考虑的各个方面的细节.主要介绍了BSC的割接规划流程、BSC区域划分方法(包括BSC容量、边界因素、LAC区域的划分等)以及在割接过程中需要注意的问题.

  10. Global aerosol modeling with the online NMMB/BSC Chemical Transport Model: sensitivity to fire injection height prescription and secondary organic aerosol schemes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spada, Michele; Jorba, Oriol; Pérez García-Pando, Carlos; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Soares, Joana; Obiso, Vincenzo; Janjic, Zavisa; Baldasano, Jose M.

    2015-04-01

    We develop and evaluate a fully online-coupled model simulating the life-cycle of the most relevant global aerosols (i.e. mineral dust, sea-salt, black carbon, primary and secondary organic aerosols, and sulfate) and their feedbacks upon atmospheric chemistry and radiative balance. Following the capabilities of its meteorological core, the model has been designed to simulate both global and regional scales with unvaried parameterizations: this allows detailed investigation on the aerosol processes bridging the gap between global and regional models. Since the strong uncertainties affecting aerosol models are often unresponsive to model complexity, we choose to introduce complexity only when it clearly improves results and leads to a better understanding of the simulated aerosol processes. We test two important sources of uncertainty - the fires injection height and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) production - by comparing a baseline simulation with experiments using more advanced approaches. First, injection heights prescribed by Dentener et al. (2006, ACP) are compared with climatological injection heights derived from satellite measurements and produced through the Integrated Monitoring and Modeling System For Wildland Fires (IS4FIRES). Also global patterns of SOA produced by the yield conversion of terpenes as prescribed by Dentener et al. (2006, ACP) are compared with those simulated by the two-product approach of Tsigaridis et al. (2003, ACP). We evaluate our simulations using a variety of observations and measurement techniques. Additionally, we discuss our results in comparison to other global models within AEROCOM and ACCMIP.

  11. 复合高斯杂波中MIMO雷达DOA估计的克拉美-罗下限%Cramer-Rao Bounds of DOA Estimation for MIMO Radars in Compound-Gaussian Clutter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鞠庭; 江胜利; 刘中

    2009-01-01

    该文研究了复合高斯杂波下MIMO雷达DOA估计的平均克拉美-罗下限(Average CRB, ACRB).首先,给出了MIMO雷达信号与杂波模型;然后,推导出目标DOA估计ACRB的一般关系式,在此基础上给出当杂波texture分量满足反Gamma分布时,ACRB的闭合表达式;接着,研究了目标DOA估计的中断CRB(Outage CRB),克服了一个发射单元时ACRB发散的问题;最后进行计算机仿真并给出结论.结果表明MIMO雷达的空间分集能有效地降低其DOA估计ACRB,且ACRB随发射单元数量的提高而减小;另外在相同条件下,MIMO雷达在复合高斯背景下DOA估计的ACRB大于相应高斯背景下的ACRB.

  12. Eesti filmid silmale, mõttele, suunurgale ja põselohule / Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Kolm Eesti Joonisfilmis ja Nukufilmis valminud animafilmi esilinastusid kinos Kosmos : Priit Pärna "Karl ja Marilyn", Rao Heidmetsa "Instinkt" (kunstnik Navitrolla) ja Ülo Pikkovi "Ahviaasta". Näidati ka eelreklaamita Rao Heidmetsa filmi "Frank Mulleri kellad"

  13. Reviewing the application of the balanced scorecard with implications for low-income health settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabbani, Fauziah; Jafri, S M Wasin; Abbas, Farhat; Pappas, Gregory; Brommels, Mats; Tomson, Goran

    2007-01-01

    High-income countries (HICs) are increasingly making use of the balanced scorecard (BSC) in healthcare. Evidence about BSC usage in low-income countries (LICs) is deficient. This study assessed feasibility of BSC use in LICs. Systematic review of electronic databases shows that the BSC improved patient, staff, clinical, and financial outcomes in HICs. To translate the experience of BSC use in HICs to their use in LICs, the applicability parameters of the National Committee for Quality Assurance were applied. Despite contextual challenges, pilot testing of BSC use can be undertaken in selected LICs. Committed leadership, cultural readiness, quality information systems, viable strategic plans, and optimum resources are required.

  14. 基于 BSC的未确知测度理论在高校系部绩效评价中的应用%Application of BSC-based Unascertained Measure Theory in Department Performance Appraisal of Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵春英

    2014-01-01

    It is of great significance to construct a reasonable department performance ap‐praisal mechanism under the modern university system ,and the key is to select a more rea‐sonable appraisal model and evaluation methods .In order to evaluate the department per‐formance scientifically and accurately ,a balanced scorecard is established in this essay and the unascertained measure theory is used for department performance appraisal .Since the in‐dexes in the balanced scorecard are not completely independent ,A HM method is used for the calculation of weight ,so that the evaluation results can be more objective .%构建现代大学制度下一个合理的高校系部考核评价机制具有十分重要和现实的意义,其关键是选择一个更合适的评价模型和评价方法。为了对系部工作做出科学和正确的评价,构建了平衡计分卡,使用未确知数学理论对系部工作进行评价。考虑到平衡计分卡中指标不完全独立,其权重的计算采用AHM方法,避免主观原因而造成评价结果不客观。

  15. 基于BSC与战略地图的高校教育信息化使用效益评价研究%Research on the Benefit Evaluation of Higher Education Informatization Based on BSC and Strategy Map

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白丽媛; 李亚文; 刘东; 张连城

    2012-01-01

    平衡计分卡用来衡量战略,战略地图用来描述战略,将二者结合起来,构建高校信息化战略地图.从价值贡献、提高用户满意度、内部过程、学习与成长4个维度建立平衡计分卡,对高校教育信息化使用效益进行研究,有利于信息化战略的修订与改进,促进信息化使用效益的提升,希望为高校信息化管理提供新的思路.%Strategy is measured by balanced scorecard,and described by strategy map, the integration of above two aspects can construct strategy map of higher education informatization. Establish balanced scorecard from value contribution, improving customer satisfaction, internal processes, learning and growth. Analyse the efficiency of higher education informatization. It's favorable for revising informatization strategy,promoting informatization efficiency,providing new method for higher education informatization management.

  16. 平衡计分卡在X保险公司团队长绩效管理中的应用%Application of BSC in the Performance Management of X Company Team Leader

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李桂兰; 肖祚稹

    2014-01-01

    团队长绩效管理已经成为保险行业实现组织战略目标、强化核心竞争力而竞相研究的领域.针对X保险公司团队长绩效管理系统存在的绩效目标不清晰不准确、绩效考评指标设计不科学等问题,结合目前公司战略目标及面临的市场形势,运用平衡计分卡模式修订完善新的团队长绩效管理指标体系,从而构建了一套较为完整、较为科学的团队长绩效管理体系.

  17. The Study of Strategic Performance Evaluation of H bank Based on BSC and APH%基于BSC和AHP法的H银行战略绩效评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭洪益

    2015-01-01

    本文以 H 银行作为案例,对该银行的战略绩效评价体系的实施效果进行研究.首先根据其发展战略绘制战略地图,并基于平衡计分卡构建的战略绩效评价体系,然后运用层次分析确定各指标的权重系数,最后采用综合指数法评价该银行战略绩效的实施效果.H银行通过实施基于平衡计分卡的战略绩效评价体系,确实提高了管理水平和竞争能力,同时也反馈其存在的问题和不足,从而不断改善该银行的战略绩效评价.%In the case of H Bank, this paper studies the implementation effect of strategic performance evaluation system. Firstly, in accordance with its development strategy to draw strategy map and build the strategic performance evaluation system based on the Balanced Scorecard, and then use AHP to determine the weight coefficient of each index, and finally use the method of integrated index to evaluate the strategic performance of the implementation of the bank's results. Through the implementation of strategic performance evaluation system based on the Balanced Scorecard, H bank really improve the management level and competitiveness, as well as feedback problems and shortcomings of its existence, in order to continuously improve strategic performance evaluation of the bank.

  18. Green Building Supply Chain Performance Evaluation Based on Improved BSC Method%基于改进型BSC法绿色建筑供应链绩效评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟伟; 张云宁; 欧阳红祥

    2014-01-01

    In order to improve the performance evaluation of green supply chain,this paper analyzed the characteristics of the supply chain of green building,and built performance evaluation index system based on the improved balanced scorecard model. Using SPSS13.0 software, indicators dimensions are reduced by principal component analysis. Combining with genetic algorithm, the paper adopted uncertain AHP method to establish an objective optimization model to calculate the final results of the evaluation. Then, the model was applied into a specific case,and more accurate and objective evaluation results were obtained. This paper provides a useful perspective for the green supply chain performance evaluation and continuous improvement in construction enterprises.%为了提高绿色建筑供应链绩效评价的科学合理性和可操作性,分析了绿色建筑供应链的概念及特点,基于改进型BSC模式构建绩效评价指标体。提出了通过SPSS软件对指标体系主成分分析以降低指标维度,基于不确定层次分析法建立目标优化模型,结合遗传算法对绿色建筑供应链进行综合评价。并将建立的模型和算法应用到算例中,得出更加准确、客观的评价结果。为建筑业企业进行绿色供应链绩效评价和持续改进提供了有益的视角,具有重要的理论指导意义和现实应用价值。

  19. Performance Evaluation of Listed Commercial Banks Based on a Combination of DEA and BSC%基于DEA与BSC相结合的上市商业银行绩效评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王帅; 王旭

    2012-01-01

    2008年金融风暴给全球的金融市场带来很大的冲击,商业银行在艰难发展中越来越重视绩效管理,本文提出基于平衡计分卡视角的绩效评价体系,运用数据包络分析法对我国上市商业银行2005年至2009年的绩效水平进行评价,并对评价结果进行分析.%In 2008, the global economic crisis have a great impact to financial markets. In the development, the commercial banks pay more and more attention to the performance management. This paper presents the performance evaluation system in the perspective of the Balanced Scorecard, uses data envelopment analysis method to evaluate the performance of China's listed commercial banks from 2005 to 2009, and proposes the analysis for evaluate results.

  20. Impact of Base Station Cooperation on Cell Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Dexter Garcia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Base station cooperation (BSC has been identified as a key radio access technology for next-generation cellular networks such as LTE-Advanced. BSC impacts cell planning, which is the methodical selection of base station (BS sites, and BS equipment configuration for cost-effective cellular networks. In this paper, the impact of BSC on cell plan parameters (coverage, traffic, handover, and cost, as well as additional cell planning steps required for BSC are discussed. Results show that BSC maximizes its gains over noncooperation (NC in a network wherein interference from cooperating BSs is the main limitation. Locations exist where NC may produce higher throughputs, therefore dynamic or semistatic switching between BSC and NC, called fractional BSC, is recommended. Because of interference from noncooperating BSs, the gains of BSC over NC are upper bounded, and diminishes at greater intersite distances because of noise. This encourages smaller cell sizes, higher transmit powers, and dynamic clustering of cooperative BSs.

  1. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in NIOSH History NIOSH Centers NIOSH Advisory Committees Board of Scientific Counselors About NIOSH BSC Membership Charter Meetings and Agendas Projects and Project Reports Contact BSC Diversity in NIOSH Goals Message Vision Grants & Funding Training ...

  2. A simulation-based approach for teaching the systems perspective of strategic performance management

    OpenAIRE

    Capelo, Carlos; Lopes, Ana; Mata, Ana

    2015-01-01

    Kaplan and Norton introduced the balanced scorecard (BSC), which is based on a systems perspective of the business strategy and performance measurement. Many organisations around the world use the BSC to define, implement and manage strategy. Nevertheless, there are studies that identify problems and limitations associated with the implementation and use of the BSC. The contribution of this paper consists of proposing and testing a simulation-based learning strategy for teaching the BSC. An e...

  3. Hotel Section Management by Using Balanced Scorecard

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Lysy; Małgorzata Sztorc

    2009-01-01

    The paper presents some problems in using Balanced Scorecard (BSC) in a hotel section. Fundamental element, which marks out BSC conception, is consolidation around vision and strategy appointed by the hotel management. Well compiled strategy should join all the targets and indexes, which compose four perspectives in BSC. Hotel section is the main gaining centre in the hotel, because the service quality is the main target of management strategy. BSC is a tool, which should not only measure eff...

  4. Cyclic bandwidth sum of graphs%图的圈带宽和

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丹君; 卜月华

    2005-01-01

    图的圈带宽和问题即为求图G的一个在圈上的标号,并且使得边的总长尽可能地小,用BSc(G)表示.给出了BSc(G)的一个上界并讨论了BSc(G+e)与BSc(G)的关系,其中eE(G).

  5. Long-term survival results of a randomized phase III trial of vinflunine plus best supportive care versus best supportive care alone in advanced urothelial carcinoma patients after failure of platinum-based chemotherapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bellmunt, J; Fougeray, R; Rosenberg, J E;

    2013-01-01

    To compare long-term, updated overall survival (OS) of patients with advanced transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium (TCCU) treated with vinflunine plus best supportive care (BSC) or BSC alone, after failure of platinum-based chemotherapy.......To compare long-term, updated overall survival (OS) of patients with advanced transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium (TCCU) treated with vinflunine plus best supportive care (BSC) or BSC alone, after failure of platinum-based chemotherapy....

  6. Evaluating the balanced scorecard at the University Health Network: an impact assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Justin; Bell, Robert; Khalfan, Adil; Lindquist, Evert

    2008-01-01

    The balanced scorecard (BSC) has become increasing popular in healthcare organizations. A recent study conducted at the University Health Network in Toronto explored the extent to which the BSC has focused and aligned various organizational units and departments around shared goals and objectives. The evaluation also assessed the BSC's impact on front-line staff and how the development and rollout of the BSC should be modified in the next planning iteration.

  7. Alignment of University Information Technology Resources with the Malcolm Baldrige Results Criteria for Performance Excellence in Education: A Balanced Scorecard Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beard, Deborah F.; Humphrey, Roberta L.

    2014-01-01

    The authors suggest using a balanced scorecard (BSC) approach to evaluate information technology (IT) resources in higher education institutions. The BSC approach illustrated is based on the performance criteria of the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award in Education. This article suggests areas of potential impact of IT on BSC measures in…

  8. [Experience in teaching a biopsy-section course in Belarus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krylov, Yu V; Malashenko, S V; Lesnichaya, O V; Krylov, A Yu

    2015-01-01

    The paper deals with the improvement of teaching a biopsy-section course (BSC). The authors have analyzed the most frequent errors in the interaction of clinicians with a pathology service and summed up the experience of the Pathological Anatomy Department in practical work and teaching the BSC. The differentiated approach to teaching the BSC to resident students of different specialties is proposed.

  9. Understanding the context of balanced scorecard implementation: a hospital-based case study in pakistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background As a response to a changing operating environment, healthcare administrators are implementing modern management tools in their organizations. The balanced scorecard (BSC) is considered a viable tool in high-income countries to improve hospital performance. The BSC has not been applied to hospital settings in low-income countries nor has the context for implementation been examined. This study explored contextual perspectives in relation to BSC implementation in a Pakistani hospital. Methods Four clinical units of this hospital were involved in the BSC implementation based on their willingness to participate. Implementation included sensitization of units towards the BSC, developing specialty specific BSCs and reporting of performance based on the BSC during administrative meetings. Pettigrew and Whipp's context (why), process (how) and content (what) framework of strategic change was used to guide data collection and analysis. Data collection methods included quantitative tools (a validated culture assessment questionnaire) and qualitative approaches including key informant interviews and participant observation. Results Method triangulation provided common and contrasting results between the four units. A participatory culture, supportive leadership, financial and non-financial incentives, the presentation of clear direction by integrating support for the BSC in policies, resources, and routine activities emerged as desirable attributes for BSC implementation. The two units that lagged behind were more involved in direct inpatient care and carried a considerable clinical workload. Role clarification and consensus about the purpose and benefits of the BSC were noted as key strategies for overcoming implementation challenges in two clinical units that were relatively ahead in BSC implementation. It was noted that, rather than seeking to replace existing information systems, initiatives such as the BSC could be readily adopted if they are built on existing

  10. Marine archaeological explorations on the southwestern coast of Saurashtra, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gaur, A.S.; Tripati, S.

    to those reported from Rangpur (Rao 1962-63), Bet Dwarka (Gaur and Sundaresh 2003) and Rojdi (Possehl 1989). 82 | JOURNAL OF INDIAN OCEAN ARCHAEOLOGY No.3, 2006 Stone Anchors Different types of 5 stone anchors have been noticed at Miyani, Srinagar... 1: 133-140 Rao, S.R. 1962-63. Excavations at Rangpur and other explorations in Gujarat, Ancient India 18-19:5-207 Rao, S R. 1979 Lothal-A Harappan Port Town Part I. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India. Rao, S.R 1990. Excavations...

  11. Strategi Mengatasi Common Measures Bias dalam Balanced Scorecard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekar Akrom Faradiza

    2016-06-01

    Balanced Scorecard (BSC is a comprehensive performance measurement. BSC is not only used financial indicators but also non financial indicators there are customer, internal process business and learning and growth perspective. By using BSC, evaluators have common and unique measures. When evaluate manager performance, evaluator tends to only use common measures and ignore unique measures. This is called common measures bias. This study aims to investigate whether dissaggregated and aggregated BSC and management communication can overcome common measures bias and intent to BSC approach. This study also will evaluate whether these approach will affect evaluator decision when allocated compensation. We conduct 2x2x2 experiment of undergraduate accounting students. Participant act as a senior manager and evaluate the performance of two divisions and then allocated the bonus. ANOVA repeated measurement are used to conduct hypothesis test. The results showed that dissaggregated BSC and management communication could not overcome common measures bias but effected  management decision when allocated compensation.

  12. Meeting the challenge in performance management: the diffusion and implementation of the balanced scorecard in Chinese hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Tian; Gurd, Bruce

    2015-03-01

    The bonus system used in Chinese hospitals has been criticized for eroding doctors' professional ethics and aggravating patient expense. This research article focuses on one system to improve hospital performance, the balanced scorecard (BSC). We use three data sources to examine the diffusion and implementation of the BSC in China: a questionnaire survey in Shandong Province, a print-media indicators and content analysis of the published BSC papers and semi-structured interviews with managers of Chinese hospitals that use the BSC. The research evidence shows that bonus systems are important, partially because of the poor pay of hospital professionals, and the BSC is perceived as providing a fair system to award such bonuses. This helps explain the relative endurance of the BSC in Chinese hospitals. PMID:24561877

  13. Robust bound states in the continuum in Kerr microcavity embedded in photonic crystal waveguide

    CERN Document Server

    Bulgakov, Evgeny N

    2014-01-01

    We present a two-dimensional photonic crystal design with a microcavity of four defect dielectric rods with eigenfrequencies residing in the propagating band of directional waveguide. In the linear case for tuning of material parameters of defect rods the nonrobust bound state in the continuum (BSC) might occur. The BSC is a result of full destructive interference of resonant monopole and quadrupole modes with the same parity. % to trap light interior of the microcavity. A robust BSC arises in a self-adaptive way without necessity to tune the parameters of the microcavity with the Kerr effect. Lack of the superposition principle in nonlinear systems gives rise to coupling of the BSC with injecting light. That forms a peculiar shape of isolated transmittance resonance around BSC frequency. We show if injecting light is switched off the BSC storages light that opens a way for light accumulation.

  14. Motives, Diffusion and Utilisation of the Balanced Scorecard in Demark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Sørensen, René

    2004-01-01

    The Balanced ScoreCard (BSC) has achieved great attention in Denmark by now but no large surveys exists concerning motives for implementing BSC in Denmark. A questionnaire survey of 53 respondents from Danish medium-size and large manufacturing companies showed that areas such as 'strategy work......', 'communica-tion', 'early warning', 'nature of target figures', 'focusing' and 'causality' are the most important aspects when a company considers the implementation of BSC. The main objective of a BSC is that the company can translate vision and strategy into operational terms - from management level...... and down to day-to-day level. The level of knowledge appears to be high, about 80%, whereas less than 20% give high priority to BSC. Besides, we have tested significance relations between the level of priority, usage, suitability of current system and the need for BSC. Compared to the results in other...

  15. Meeting the challenge in performance management: the diffusion and implementation of the balanced scorecard in Chinese hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Tian; Gurd, Bruce

    2015-03-01

    The bonus system used in Chinese hospitals has been criticized for eroding doctors' professional ethics and aggravating patient expense. This research article focuses on one system to improve hospital performance, the balanced scorecard (BSC). We use three data sources to examine the diffusion and implementation of the BSC in China: a questionnaire survey in Shandong Province, a print-media indicators and content analysis of the published BSC papers and semi-structured interviews with managers of Chinese hospitals that use the BSC. The research evidence shows that bonus systems are important, partially because of the poor pay of hospital professionals, and the BSC is perceived as providing a fair system to award such bonuses. This helps explain the relative endurance of the BSC in Chinese hospitals.

  16. Performance evaluation of Al-Zahra academic medical center based on Iran balanced scorecard model

    OpenAIRE

    Raeisi, Ahmad Reza; Yarmohammadian, Mohammad Hossein; Bakhsh, Roghayeh Mohammadi; Gangi, Hamid

    2012-01-01

    Background: Growth and development in any country's national health system, without an efficient evaluation system, lacks the basic concepts and tools necessary for fulfilling the system's goals. The balanced scorecard (BSC) is a technique widely used to measure the performance of an organization. The basic core of the BSC is guided by the organization's vision and strategies, which are the bases for the formation of four perspectives of BSC. The goal of this research is the performance evalu...

  17. Evaluating the Fraser Health Balanced Scorecard--a formative evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnardo, Catherine; Jivanni, Amin

    2009-01-01

    Fraser Health (FH), a large, Canadian, integrated health care network, adopted the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) approach to monitor organizational performance in 2006. This paper reports on the results of a formative evaluation, conducted in April, 2008, to assess the usefulness of the BSC as a performance-reporting system and a performance management tool. Results indicated that the BSC has proven to be useful for reporting performance but is not currently used for performance management in a substantial way. PMID:19736881

  18. The Use of Time Driven Activity Based Costing and Analytic Hierarchy Process Method in the Balanced Scorecard Implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Ednan Ayvaz; Davut Pehlivanl

    2011-01-01

    Balanced scorecard (BSC) functions as an action plan for the basis of establishing the strategy which is definedwith critical success factors. BSC classifies the vision and strategy of the enterprise in four perspectives in whichfinancial and non financial scales are used. BSC becomes a strong method for planning, developing andtransforming the strategy. An active planning is needed in order to settle a strategy. In this study, time drivenActivity Based Costing (TDABC) is important not only i...

  19. Basaloid squamous carcinoma of the supraglottic larynx with neuro-endocrine features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajjyoti Das

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Basaloid squamous carcinoma (BSC is a rare aggressive variant of squamous cell carcinoma and occurs mainly at the larynx, oropharynx and tongue of the head and neck region. Neuro-endocrine differentiation of BSC is further rare occurrence in laryngeal cancers. We report here a case of BSC of supraglottic larynx with neuro-endocrine differentiation, which was treated by radiotherapy and its response to treatment.

  20. Modification of gray iron produced by induction melting with barium strontium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modzelevskaya, G.; Feoktistov, A. V.; Selyanin, I. F.; Kutsenko, A. I.; Kutsenko, A. A.

    2016-09-01

    The article provides analysis of results of gray iron experimental melts in induction furnace and the following melt modification with barium-strontium carbonate (BSC-2). It is shown that modification positively affects mechanical and casting properties and as-cast iron structure. It was established that BSC-2 granulated immediately prior to use has greater impact on melt than BSC-2 of the same faction, supplied by the manufacturer.

  1. The Hamburg/RASS optical identification project

    CERN Document Server

    Zickgraf, F J; Hagen, H J; Reimers, D

    2003-01-01

    We use digitized Schmidt direct and prism plates taken for the northern hemisphere Hamburg Quasar Survey (HQS) to obtain optical identifications for all high galactic latitude X-ray sources in the ROSAT Bright Source Catalogue (RASS-BSC) at |b|>=30 deg and DEC >= 0deg. In this part of the sky the RASS-BSC contains about 5300 X-ray sources. Presently, identifications exist for about 4100 RASS-BSC sources in this galactic latitude range.

  2. Evaluating the Fraser Health Balanced Scorecard--a formative evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnardo, Catherine; Jivanni, Amin

    2009-01-01

    Fraser Health (FH), a large, Canadian, integrated health care network, adopted the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) approach to monitor organizational performance in 2006. This paper reports on the results of a formative evaluation, conducted in April, 2008, to assess the usefulness of the BSC as a performance-reporting system and a performance management tool. Results indicated that the BSC has proven to be useful for reporting performance but is not currently used for performance management in a substantial way.

  3. Distance Learning in Micronesia: Participants' Experiences in a Virtual Classroom Using Synchronous Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Kavita

    2007-01-01

    In this article, Kavita Rao describes a distance learning course offered to K-8 teachers in Micronesia that focused on the use of synchronous technologies to address cultural learning preferences for face-to-face and real-time communication. Rao presents a case study of the course that was conducted on the islands of Pohnpei and Ebeye.…

  4. CMS Observes Single Top-Quark

    CERN Multimedia

    2011-01-01

      One of the many excellent results harvested by CMS from 2010 data. (Figure shows events vs cosine of the angle between lepton and light jets in t rest-frame.)   If you have any comments / suggestions please contact the editors: Marzena Lapka (marzena.lapka@cern.ch) and Achintya Rao (achintya.rao@cern.ch)  

  5. Mean surface fields of heat budget components over the warm pool in the Bay of Bengal during post-monsoon season

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sadhuram, Y.; Rao, D.P; Rao, B.P.

    ). Joseph, P.V., Warm Pool in the Indian Ocean and Monsoon Onset, Trop. Ocean-atmos. News Lett. 53, 1-5 (1990). Rao, D.P., B.P.Rao, V.Ramesh Babu and Y.Sadhuram, Variability of the Surface Heat Fluxes over the Head Bay of Bengal during Summer Monsoon...

  6. Dicty_cDB: VHF141 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available nce from clone RP11-560G8 on chromosome 9. 48 0.23 3 AW829533 |AW829533.1 ra41c11.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne in...ce. 32 0.74 2 AW830038 |AW830038.1 ra48h04.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 M

  7. Dicty_cDB: CHL626 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AW871214 |AW871214.1 ra56d01.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne incognita cDNA 5' similar to ... AW829376 |AW829376.1 ra39d01.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne incognita cDNA 5' similar to

  8. Dicty_cDB: CHG178 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 18 2 AW828903 |AW828903.1 ra69e06.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyn...NA sequence. 76 2e-11 2 AW871512 |AW871512.1 ra78g07.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne incogn

  9. Dicty_cDB: CHO517 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lone RP11-560G8 on chromosome 9. 48 0.18 1 AW829533 |AW829533.1 ra41c11.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2...1 2 AW830038 |AW830038.1 ra48h04.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne

  10. Developing and using a balanced scorecard: a case study with SWOT analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumbus, Andra; Lussier, Robert N

    2003-01-01

    Have you tried to measure your laboratory's performance lately? Do you measure and assess financial results, customer satisfaction, internal process efficiency, and learning and growth? If any of these metrics are missing from your performance measurement system, you are not using the latest management tool that is sweeping the health-care industry--the balanced scorecard (BSC). This article begins with a discussion of the BSC and why you should use it in your laboratory, followed by SWOT analysis to assess the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) a BSC offers your laboratory. A laboratory case study is then presented to assist you in developing and using a BSC in your laboratory.

  11. SATCOM antenna siting study on P-3C aircraft, volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bensman, D. A.; Marhefka, R. J.

    1991-09-01

    The NEC-BSC (Basic Scattering Code) was used to study the performance of a SATCOM antenna on a P-3C aircraft. After plate cylinder fields are added to version 3.1 of the NEC-BSC, it is shown that the NEC-BSC can be used to accurately predict the performance of a SATCOM antenna system on a P-3C aircraft. The study illustrates that the NEC-BSC gives good results when compared with scale model measurements provided by Boeing and Lockheed.

  12. Radiation 2006. In association with the Polymer Division, Royal Australian Chemical Institute. Incorporating the 21st AINSE Radiation Chemistry Conference and the 18th Radiation Biology Conference, conference handbook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In Australia there have been reported more than 200 species of Biological Soil Crusts (BSC) including: cyanobacteria, mosses and lichens. Working at the species level of BSC poses particular difficulties for different aspects of environmental management because of the problems caused by in taxonomy, small size, lack of experts for identification and the intermixing of taxa. From the 1970s BSC classification based on the morphology has been utilised for ecological studies. This study explores the possibility of spectral classification of BSC components for ecological studies and considers the use of hyperspectral remote sensing techniques. Although, in some locations the percentage cover of BSC exceeds 70% of land cover, many previous remote sensing studies of land cover have either neglected BSC, or considered it as one group. In this study visible and near-infrared (350-1100 nm) reflectance spectra of BSC were collected with a UniSpec PPSystem spectrometer in the laboratory under a 1000 W Halogen lamp. Biological components varied in chlorophyll, physiological status, colour and other pigment contents. The measured spectra demonstrate considerable variation both within and between species. Factors contributing to spectral variation were identified by principal components analysis. Functional, taxonomic and morphological groups of BSC species were classified using discriminant analysis of the narrow-bands (3.3 nm) spectra. Both principal components and discriminant analysis showed promising results for grouping BSC variation and finally 9 groups from 21 field groups (33 species) were classified

  13. A dynamic balanced scorecard for identification internal process factor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javad sofiyabadi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available We present a dynamic balanced score card (BSC to investigate the strategic internal process management factors. The proposed dynamic BSC emphasizes on internal processes aspect, and using VIKOR and Shannon Entropy, determinants the internal processes, process management and improvement and all important factors are ranked. The current study first introduces dynamic BSC and examines effective factors on the process. The proposed model focuses on internal processes perspective of BSC and determines importance degree of each factor is used using VIKOR decision-making techniques.

  14. News from the biological stain commission

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiernan, J.A.; Lyon, Hans Oluf

    2008-01-01

    In the three earlier editions of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC), under the heading of "Regulatory affairs," the BSC's International Affairs Committee reported on the work of Technical Committee 212, Clinical Laboratory Testing and in Vitro Diagnostic Test Systems of the Internati......In the three earlier editions of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC), under the heading of "Regulatory affairs," the BSC's International Affairs Committee reported on the work of Technical Committee 212, Clinical Laboratory Testing and in Vitro Diagnostic Test Systems...

  15. Applications of the balanced scorecard for strategic management and performance measurement in the health sector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrouzi, Farshad; Shaharoun, Awaluddin Mohamed; Ma'aram, Azanizawati

    2014-05-01

    In order to attain a useful balanced scorecard (BSC), appropriate performance perspectives and indicators are crucial to reflect all strategies of the organisation. The objectives of this survey were to give an insight regarding the situation of the BSC in the health sector over the past decade, and to afford a generic approach of the BSC development for health settings with specific focus on performance perspectives, performance indicators and BSC generation. After an extensive search based on publication date and research content, 29 articles published since 2002 were identified, categorised and analysed. Four critical attributes of each article were analysed, including BSC generation, performance perspectives, performance indicators and auxiliary tools. The results showed that 'internal business process' was the most notable BSC perspective as it was included in all reviewed articles. After investigating the literature, it was concluded that its comprehensiveness is the reason for the importance and high usage of this perspective. The findings showed that 12 cases out of 29 reviewed articles (41%) exceeded the maximum number of key performance indicators (KPI) suggested in a previous study. It was found that all 12 cases were large organisations with numerous departments (e.g. national health organisations). Such organisations require numerous KPI to cover all of their strategic objectives. It was recommended to utilise the cascaded BSC within such organisations to avoid complexity and difficulty in gathering, analysing and interpreting performance data. Meanwhile it requires more medical staff to contribute in BSC development, which will result in greater reliability of the BSC. PMID:24589328

  16. 京九线 GSM-R 无线子系统热备冗余方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘涛

    2014-01-01

    为避免京九线 GSM-R 系统 BSC 为单节点设置时出现因 BSC 故障导致 GSM-R 无线子系统退服的问题,通过增设备用 BSC、利用华为 BSC 冗余热备机制实现 BSC 的双节点冗余保护,提高了 GSM-R 系统的可靠性。

  17. Applications of the balanced scorecard for strategic management and performance measurement in the health sector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrouzi, Farshad; Shaharoun, Awaluddin Mohamed; Ma'aram, Azanizawati

    2014-05-01

    In order to attain a useful balanced scorecard (BSC), appropriate performance perspectives and indicators are crucial to reflect all strategies of the organisation. The objectives of this survey were to give an insight regarding the situation of the BSC in the health sector over the past decade, and to afford a generic approach of the BSC development for health settings with specific focus on performance perspectives, performance indicators and BSC generation. After an extensive search based on publication date and research content, 29 articles published since 2002 were identified, categorised and analysed. Four critical attributes of each article were analysed, including BSC generation, performance perspectives, performance indicators and auxiliary tools. The results showed that 'internal business process' was the most notable BSC perspective as it was included in all reviewed articles. After investigating the literature, it was concluded that its comprehensiveness is the reason for the importance and high usage of this perspective. The findings showed that 12 cases out of 29 reviewed articles (41%) exceeded the maximum number of key performance indicators (KPI) suggested in a previous study. It was found that all 12 cases were large organisations with numerous departments (e.g. national health organisations). Such organisations require numerous KPI to cover all of their strategic objectives. It was recommended to utilise the cascaded BSC within such organisations to avoid complexity and difficulty in gathering, analysing and interpreting performance data. Meanwhile it requires more medical staff to contribute in BSC development, which will result in greater reliability of the BSC.

  18. Weathering of Carbonate Rocks by Biological Soil Crusts in Karst Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ye Chen; Bin Lian; Zuoying Yin; Yuan Tang

    2014-01-01

    The weathering of carbonate rocks by biological soil crusts (BSC) in karst areas is very common. It is helpful to understand the weathering mechanisms and processes for avoiding karst rock-desertification. The weathering of carbonate rocks by BSC in karst areas, namely the expansion, contraction and curl resulting from environmental wetting-drying cycles, was investigated and ana-lyzed in this paper. The bulk density, area and thickness of BSC were determined and the weathering amount of limestone and dolomite per unit area of BSC was calculated as 3 700 and 3 400 g·m-2; the amount of biomass on the surface of limestone and dolomite was calculated as 1 146 and 1 301 g·m-2, respectively. Such an increased weathering amount was not only the result of chemical and physical weathering of BSC on carbonate rocks, but also the attachment and cementation of BSC to clay parti-cles, dust-fall, sand particles, solid particles brought by strong air currents, wind and other factors in the surrounding environment, which may also be related to the special environment and the special time period. Based on the results obtained, a weathering mode of BSC is studied, and the mechanisms of weathering by BSC are discussed. In conclusion, we suggest that the mechanical force exerted by the expansion and constriction of gelatinous and mucilaginous substances through wetting and drying of BSC play a significant role in the physical weathering process of the carbonate substrates.

  19. Enformasyon Teknolojisi Yönetiminde Dengelenmiş Puan Kartı = The Balanced Scorecard in Management of Information Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yücel YILMAZ

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The management of information technology (IT is increasingly gaining importance for corporations, connected to increasing benefits obtained from these technologies. The Balanced Scorecard (BSC, which is applied widespread in corporations, states a strategy oriented management system. This article deals with utilization potentials of the BSC in IT management. First, changed characteristics of IT departments and their new roles are evaluated. After that, general characteristics and main functions of the BSC are handled. In the third part, different approaches in relation to applying of the BSC in IT are discussed.

  20. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U06283-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Gossypium arboreum 7-10 dpa fiber ... 46 2.3 1 ( AW828708 ) ra73a06.y1 Bird-Rao M...eloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 46 2.3 1 ( AW588731 ) ra03h10.y2 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 4...6 2.3 1 ( AW571369 ) ra19f03.y2 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 46 2.3 1 ( AW571332 ) ra19a06.y2 Bird...-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 46 2.3 1 ( AW571277 ) ra16d05.y2 Bird-Ra...o Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 46 2.3 1 ( AW571037 ) ra15d12.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo..

  1. 基于BSC的农业节水技术公司化服务模式绩效评价指标体系研究%Performance Evaluation Index System for Agricultural Water-saving Technology Company Service Mode Based on BSC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范婷; 朱美玲

    2016-01-01

    Agricultural water-saving technology company service mode is an innovative and efficient water management mode ,that is , the intensive operation management mode of enterprise implementation ,farmer participation and government supervision .Based on the four dimensions of Balanced Scorecard as the foundation ,a set of scientific and reasonable performance evaluation index system is established from four aspects of the service performance ,service object ,internal operation mechanism and the development of the service agents ,which is good for the scientific ,comprehensive ,objective ,impartial evaluation of agricultural water-saving technolo-gy company service mode performance .%农业节水技术公司化服务模式是一种创新型高效用水管理模式 ,即"企业实施 ,农户参与 ,政府监管"的集约化运行管理模式.以平衡计分卡4个维度为基础 ,从服务业绩、服务对象、内部运行机制和服务主体的发展4个层面构建一套科学合理的绩效评价指标体系 ,有利于对农业节水技术公司化服务模式绩效进行科学、全面、客观、公正的评价.

  2. Hydraulic and nutritional feedback controls surface patchiness of biological soil crusts at a post-mining site.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Thomas; Gypser, Stella; Subbotina, Maria; Veste, Maik

    2015-04-01

    In a recultivation area located in Brandenburg, Germany, five types of biocrusts (initial BSC1, developed BSC2 and BSC3, mosses, lichens) and non-crusted mineral substrate were sampled on tertiary sand deposited in 1985-1986 to investigate hydrologic properties of crust patches. It was the aim of the study to demonstrate that (I) two types of BSC with alternative nutritional and hydraulic feedback modes co-exist in one area and that (II) these feedback modes are synergic. The sites to sample were selected by expertise, trying to represent mixed sites dominated by mosses, by lichens, and by visually in the field observable surface properties (colour and crust thickness) for the non-crusted substrate and BSC1 to 3. The non-crusted samples contained minor incrustations of the lichen Placynthiella oligotropha, young leaflets of the moss Ceratodon purpureus, as well as very sparsely present individuals of the green algae Ulothrix spec., Zygogonium spec. and Haematococcus spec. The sample BSC1 was not entirely covered with microphytes, crust patches were smooth, and P. oligotropha was observed to develop on residues of C. purpureus and on unspecified organic detritus. BSC2 covered the surface entirely and was dominated by P. oligotropha and by Zygogonium spec. The sample BSC3 consisted of pad-like patches predominantly growing on organic residues. The moss sample was dominated by C. purpureus and Zygogonium spec. growing between the moss stemlets directly on the mineral surface, the lichen sample was dominated by Cladonia subulata with sparsely scattered individuals of C. purpureus. Hierarchical cluster analysis revealed that BSC2 was floristically and chemically most similar to the moss crust, whereas BSC3 was floristically and chemically most similar to the lichen crust. Crust biomass was lowest in the non-crusted substrate, increased to the initial BSC1 and peaked in the developed BSC2, BSC3, the lichens and the mosses. Water infiltration was highest on the substrate

  3. Human retina-specific amine oxidase: genomic structure of the gene (AOC2), alternatively spliced variant, and mRNA expression in retina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imamura, Y; Noda, S; Mashima, Y; Kudoh, J; Oguchi, Y; Shimizu, N

    1998-07-15

    Previously, we reported the isolation of cDNA for human retina-specific amine oxidase (RAO) and the expression of RAO exclusively in retina. Bacterial artificial chromosome clones containing the human RAO gene (AOC2) were mapped to human chromosome 17q21 (Imamura et al., 1997, Genomics 40: 277-283). Here, we report the complete genomic structure of the RAO gene, including 5' flanking sequence, and mRNA expression in retina. The human RAO gene spans 6 kb and is composed of four exons corresponding to the amino acid sequence 1-530, 530-598, 598-641, and 642-729 separated by three introns of 3000, 310, and 351 bp. Screening of a human retina cDNA library revealed the existence of an alternatively spliced cDNA variant with an additional 81 bp at the end of exon 2. The sizes of exons and the locations of exon/intron boundaries in the human RAO gene showed remarkable similarity to those of the human kidney diamine oxidase gene (AOC1). In situ hybridization revealed that mRNA coding for RAO is expressed preferentially in the ganglion cell layer of the mouse retina. We designed four sets of PCR primers to amplify four exons, which will be valuable for analyzing mutations in patients with ocular diseases affecting the retinal ganglion cell layer.

  4. Investigation of Response Amplitude Operators for Floating Offshore Wind Turbines: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramachandran, G. K. V.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J. M.; Masciola, M. D.

    2013-07-01

    This paper examines the consistency between response amplitude operators (RAOs) computed from WAMIT, a linear frequency-domain tool, to RAOs derived from time-domain computations based on white-noise wave excitation using FAST, a nonlinear aero-hydro-servo-elastic tool. The RAO comparison is first made for a rigid floating wind turbine without wind excitation. The investigation is further extended to examine how these RAOs change for a flexible and operational wind turbine. The RAOs are computed for below-rated, rated, and above-rated wind conditions. The method is applied to a floating wind system composed of the OC3-Hywind spar buoy and NREL 5-MW wind turbine. The responses are compared between FAST and WAMIT to verify the FAST model and to understand the influence of structural flexibility, aerodynamic damping, control actions, and waves on the system responses. The results show that based on the RAO computation procedure implemented, the WAMIT- and FAST-computed RAOs are similar (as expected) for a rigid turbine subjected to waves only. However, WAMIT is unable to model the excitation from a flexible turbine. Further, the presence of aerodynamic damping decreased the platform surge and pitch responses, as computed by both WAMIT and FAST when wind was included. Additionally, the influence of gyroscopic excitation increased the yaw response, which was captured by both WAMIT and FAST.

  5. Projects and Tools for a Mechatronic Curriculum

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Amerongen, van Job

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes the elements with a mechatronic character in the BSc curriculum of Electrical Engineering in the University of Twente as well as the Mechatronics MSc curriculum of this university. In the BSc program there is a complete semester with mechatronics related content, concluded by a

  6. Exploring how the balanced scorecard engages and unfolds:Articulating the visual power of accounting inscriptions

    OpenAIRE

    Quattrone, Paolo; Busco, Cristiano

    2014-01-01

    Research on the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) has questioned whether its adoption generates greater integration between financial and nonfinancial performance measures, supports strategy implementation, increases performance and improves strategic decision making. This research has also highlighted how the BSC often generates effects other than these. Building on studies that portray Performance Measurement Systems as intrinsically incomplete practices of representation, the purpose of this articl...

  7. Entrance Qualifications Affect the Performance of Nutrition Students at University: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owusu-Apenten, Richard; Xu, Wen Li

    2012-01-01

    This study assessed the effect of admissions qualifications on the subsequent academic performances of BSc nutrition students at a UK university. Entrance qualifications for three groups (Grp01, Grp02, Grp03) reading for a BSc(Hons) degree in, Dietetics, Food & Nutrition or Human Nutrition (n = 105) were determined from their UCAS (Universities…

  8. 75 FR 64311 - National Toxicology Program (NTP); Office of Liaison, Policy and Review Meeting of the NTP Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-19

    ... (BSC). The BSC is a federally chartered, external advisory group composed of scientists from the public... vitro test methods, and as such, solicits comments regarding the use of specific in vivo and in vitro... each nomination. The purpose of a research concept is to outline the general elements of a program...

  9. News from the Biological Stain Commission No. 5

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyon, H O; Dapson, R W

    2009-01-01

    In this fifth issue of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC), under the heading of Regulatory Affairs, the BSC's International Affairs Committee provides more information from the meeting of the International Standards Organization ISO/TC 212 Committee that took place on June 2-4, 2008 at...

  10. Strategimåleren - et nyt værktøj til at få succes med dit kvægbrugs udviklingsstrategi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Mogens; Olsen, Jakob Vesterlund

    2007-01-01

    strategiimplementering er valget faldet på Balanced Scorecard eller kort og godt BSC. Dette værktøj er blevet afprøvet med succes af mange virksomheder uden for landbruget som fx Nykredit, BRF kredit og Danske Bank. En vigtig del af BSC er Strategimåleren, som skal sikre en god kommunikation og et godt overblik over...

  11. Implementation and Performance Evaluation Using the Fuzzy Network Balanced Scorecard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tseng, Ming-Lang

    2010-01-01

    The balanced scorecard (BSC) is a multi-criteria evaluation concept that highlights the importance of performance measurement. However, although there is an abundance of literature on the BSC framework, there is a scarcity of literature regarding how the framework with dependence and interactive relationships should be properly implemented in…

  12. Balanced Scorecards in Managing Higher Education Institutions: An Indian Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umashankar, Venkatesh; Dutta, Kirti

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The paper aims to look at the balanced scorecard (BSC) concept and discuss in what way it should be applied to higher education programs/institutions in the Indian context. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on extant literature on the balanced scorecard concept per se, as well as applications of BSC in higher education as…

  13. Teaching the Balanced Scorecard through Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capelo, Carlos; Lopes, Ana Isabel; Mata, Ana

    2012-01-01

    Kaplan and Norton introduced the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) which is based on a systems perspective of the business strategy and performance measurement. Many organizations around the world are using the BSC to define, implement and manage strategy. Nevertheless there exist studies that identify problems and limitations associated with the…

  14. Ratify, Reject or Revise: Balanced Scorecard and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayed, Naqi

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the use of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) in universities. Initially directed toward profit-oriented businesses, the BSC has since been adopted by many non-profit organisations with seemingly diverse objectives. A number of primarily publicly-funded universities and institutions, which are part of…

  15. Discussing Feedback System Thinking in Relation to a Balanced Scorecard, Inspired by an Actual Case

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Nielsen, Erland Hejn

    Since the emergence of the Balanced Scorecard at the beginning of the 1990s, only few articles have proposed a framework of translating BSC into an analytical numerical model. This paper addresses two research themes : (1) a discussion of the cause-and-effect modeling within the BSC and (2), how...

  16. A Simulation-Based Approach for Teaching the Systems Perspective of Strategic Performance Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capelo, Carlos; Lopes, Ana; Mata, Ana

    2015-01-01

    Kaplan and Norton introduced the balanced scorecard (BSC), which is based on a systems perspective of the business strategy and performance measurement. Many organisations around the world use the BSC to define, implement and manage strategy. Nevertheless, there are studies that identify problems and limitations associated with the implementation…

  17. Strategic Balanced Scorecard Simulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Nielsen, Erland Hejn

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to show how a System Dynamics Modelling approach can be integrated into the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) for a case company with special focus on the handling of causality in a dynamic perspective. The case company’s BSC model includes five perspectives and a number...

  18. Applying the Balanced Scorecard to Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karathanos, Demetrius; Karathanos, Patricia

    2005-01-01

    Although the application of the balanced scorecard (BSC) in the business sector is well documented, very little research has been reported regarding the adaptation or application of the BSC in the education sector. In this article, the authors (a) describe how the Baldrige Education Criteria for Performance Excellence has adapted the concept of…

  19. Identifying Balance in a Balanced Scorecard System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aravamudhan, Suhanya; Kamalanabhan, T. J.

    2007-01-01

    In recent years, strategic management concepts seem to be gaining greater attention from the academicians and the practitioner's alike. Balanced Scorecard (BSC) concept is one such management concepts that has spread in worldwide business and consulting communities. The BSC translates mission and vision statements into a comprehensive set of…

  20. Effektmåling på handlingsplaner og Balanced Scorecards i Kvægproduktion 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Michael Fussing; Lund, Mogens

    gennemførelsen af instruktionerne i handlingsplanerne kun begrænset betydning for målopfyldelsen.   Den gennemførte evaluering indikerer endvidere, at landbrugsbedrifterne har opnået en tilfredsstillende målopfyldelse gennem anvendelsen af Balanced Scorecards (BSC). Det største problem i anvendelsen af BSC ser...

  1. Introducing the Balanced Scorecard: Creating Metrics to Measure Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumbus, Andra

    2005-01-01

    This experiential exercise presents the concept of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) and applies it in a university setting. The Balanced Scorecard was developed 12 years ago and has grown in popularity and is used by more than 50% of the Fortune 500 companies as a performance measurement and strategic management tool. The BSC expands the traditional…

  2. Transcribing the balanced scorecard into system dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Nielsen, Erland Hejn

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to show how a System Dynamics Modelling approach can be integrated into the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) for a case company with special focus on the handling of causality in a dynamic perspective. The BSC model includes five perspectives and a number of financial and non...

  3. Recruitment and Retention with a Spin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindgren, Rita; Hixson, Carla Braun

    2010-01-01

    Strategic planning and innovation at Bismarck State College (BSC) found common ground in the college's goal to recruit and retain employees in an environment of low unemployment and strong competition for skilled employees. BSC's strategic plan for 2007-09 included the objective "to increase retention of employees." One of the strategies connected…

  4. News from the Biological Stain Commission No. 14

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyon, Hans O

    2013-01-01

    In the 14(th) issue of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC) the BSC's International Affairs Committee presents information from the meetings of ISO/TC 212/WG 3, In vitro diagnostic products, and from the final plenary meeting of ISO/TC 212, Clinical laboratory testing and in vitro diag...

  5. News from the Biological Stain Commission

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyon, H O; Kiernan, J A

    2008-01-01

    In the three earlier editions of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC), under the heading of "Regulatory affairs," the BSC's International Affairs Committee reported on the work of Technical Committee 212, Clinical Laboratory Testing and in Vitro Diagnostic Test Systems of the Internati...

  6. Understanding the context of balanced scorecard implementation: a hospital-based case study in pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajmal Agha

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background As a response to a changing operating environment, healthcare administrators are implementing modern management tools in their organizations. The balanced scorecard (BSC is considered a viable tool in high-income countries to improve hospital performance. The BSC has not been applied to hospital settings in low-income countries nor has the context for implementation been examined. This study explored contextual perspectives in relation to BSC implementation in a Pakistani hospital. Methods Four clinical units of this hospital were involved in the BSC implementation based on their willingness to participate. Implementation included sensitization of units towards the BSC, developing specialty specific BSCs and reporting of performance based on the BSC during administrative meetings. Pettigrew and Whipp's context (why, process (how and content (what framework of strategic change was used to guide data collection and analysis. Data collection methods included quantitative tools (a validated culture assessment questionnaire and qualitative approaches including key informant interviews and participant observation. Results Method triangulation provided common and contrasting results between the four units. A participatory culture, supportive leadership, financial and non-financial incentives, the presentation of clear direction by integrating support for the BSC in policies, resources, and routine activities emerged as desirable attributes for BSC implementation. The two units that lagged behind were more involved in direct inpatient care and carried a considerable clinical workload. Role clarification and consensus about the purpose and benefits of the BSC were noted as key strategies for overcoming implementation challenges in two clinical units that were relatively ahead in BSC implementation. It was noted that, rather than seeking to replace existing information systems, initiatives such as the BSC could be readily adopted if

  7. Strategic planning and performance measurement using balanced scorecard: A case study of Iran Kaolin and Barite company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Danaei

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to measure the performance of a mining firm in province of Semnan, Iran based on balanced scorecard (BSC. The proposed study investigates the present status of the case study in terms of four BSC perspectives including internal process, learning and growth, customer and financial figures. The firm uses BSC for one year and after that, we compared the performance of the firm prior and after BSC implementation. The preliminary results indicate that the firm was able to make a 30% improvement on its performance after one-year implementation of BSC. In other words, the firm was able to make 59% improvement on learning and growth, 33% growth on internal process, 32% growth on customer and 21% improvement on financial figures.

  8. [Application of the balanced scorecard in nursing practice].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Tsai-Yu; Chwo, Miao-Ju

    2004-02-01

    Kaplan and Norton's balanced scorecard (BSC) was developed in 1992. It was designed to be both a performance framework and a management methodology. The BSC enables an organization to convert its mission and vision into specific strategic objectives across four perspectives: (1) the financial perspective, (2) the customer perspective, (3) the internal business process perspective, and (4) the learning and growth perspective. Emphasis is focused on the balance of internal and external, outcome and future, and subjective and objective measures. Currently, some health care organizations have implemented the concept of the BSC as a performance measurement tool and are convinced that the BSC can be of great value to an organization. This paper provides development of the BSC and its application in the health care system and nursing practice.

  9. Balanced scorecards as a tool for developing patient-centered pharmacy services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enwere, Emmanuel N; Keating, Ellen A; Weber, Robert J

    2014-06-01

    Having accurate data is essential for the pharmacy director to manage the department and develop patient-centered pharmacy services. A balanced scorecard (BSC) of essential department data, which is a broad view of a department's function beyond its financial performance, is an important part of any department's strategic plan. This column describes how the pharmacy director builds and promotes a department's BSC. Specifically, this article reviews how the BSC supports the department's mission and vision, describes the metrics of the BSC and how they are collected, and recommends how the pharmacy director can effectively use the scorecard results in promoting the pharmacy. If designed properly and updated consistently, a BSC can present a broad view of the pharmacy's performance, serve as a guide for strategic decision making, and improve on the quality of its services. PMID:24958976

  10. Motives, Diffusion and Utilization of the Balanced Scorecard in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Sørensen, René

    2003-01-01

    The Balanced ScoreCard (BSC) has achieved great attention in Denmark by now but no large surveys exist concerning motives for implementing BSC in Denmark. A questionnaire survey of 53 respondents from Danish medium-sized and larger manufacturing companies showed that areas such as "working...... with strategy", "communication", "early warning", "character of measures", "focus" and "chain of cause-and-effect logic" are the most important aspects when a company considers the implementation of BSC. The main objective of a BSC is that the company can translate vision and strategy into operational terms...... - from management level and down to day-to-day level. Finally, they can focus on long-term potentials in the company and create better profitability in the long run. The level of knowledge ap-pears to be high, about 80%, whereas only 20% give high priority to BSC. Besides, we have tested significance...

  11. Bloch bound states in the radiation continuum in a periodic array of dielectric rods

    CERN Document Server

    Bulgakov, Evgeny N

    2014-01-01

    We consider an infinite periodic array of dielectric rods in vacuum with the aim to demonstrate three types of a Bloch bound states in the continuum (BSC), symmetry protected with a zero Bloch vector, embedded into one diffraction channel with nonzero Bloch vector, and embedded into two and three diffraction channels. The first and second types of the BSC exist in a wide range of material parameters of the rods, while the third occurs only at a specific value of the radius of the rods. We show that the second type supports the power flux along the array. In order to find BSC we put forward an approach based on the expansion over the Hankel functions. We show how the BSC reveals itself in the scattering function when the singular BSC point is approached along a specific path in the parametric space.

  12. Hotel Section Management by Using Balanced Scorecard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Lysy

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents some problems in using Balanced Scorecard (BSC in a hotel section. Fundamental element, which marks out BSC conception, is consolidation around vision and strategy appointed by the hotel management. Well compiled strategy should join all the targets and indexes, which compose four perspectives in BSC. Hotel section is the main gaining centre in the hotel, because the service quality is the main target of management strategy. BSC is a tool, which should not only measure effectiveness, but also implement changes, as soon as possible, so that the effects and expected results will be quick achieved. Most of the companies, which have used this conception, have treated it as a basic management system that joins strategy and operational activity. Therefore it is necessary to improve, modernize and create new sub perspectives in compiled BSC.

  13. Balanced Scorecards As a Tool for Developing Patient-Centered Pharmacy Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enwere, Emmanuel N.; Keating, Ellen A.; Weber, Robert J.

    2014-01-01

    Having accurate data is essential for the pharmacy director to manage the department and develop patient-centered pharmacy services. A balanced scorecard (BSC) of essential department data, which is a broad view of a department’s function beyond its financial performance, is an important part of any department’s strategic plan. This column describes how the pharmacy director builds and promotes a department’s BSC. Specifically, this article reviews how the BSC supports the department’s mission and vision, describes the metrics of the BSC and how they are collected, and recommends how the pharmacy director can effectively use the scorecard results in promoting the pharmacy. If designed properly and updated consistently, a BSC can present a broad view of the pharmacy’s performance, serve as a guide for strategic decision making, and improve on the quality of its services. PMID:24958976

  14. A Network-Based Data Envelope Analysis Model in a Dynamic Balanced Score Card

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojtaba Akbarian

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Performance assessment during the time and along with strategies is the most important requirements of top managers. To assess the performance, a balanced score card (BSC along with strategic goals and a data envelopment analysis (DEA are used as powerful qualitative and quantitative tools, respectively. By integrating these two models, their strengths are used and their weaknesses are removed. In this paper, an integrated framework of the BSC and DEA models is proposed for measuring the efficiency during the time and along with strategies based on the time delay of the lag key performance indicators (KPIs of the BSC model. The causal relationships during the time among perspectives of the BSC model are drawn as dynamic BSC at first. Then, after identifying the network-DEA structure, a new objective function for measuring the efficiency of nine subsidiary refineries of the National Iranian Oil Refining and Distribution Company (NIORDC during the time and along with strategies is developed.

  15. Lime muds and their genesis off-Northwestern India during the late Quaternary

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rao, V.P.; AnilKumar, A.; Naqvi, S.W.A.; Chivas, A.R.; Sekar, B.; Kessarkar, P.M.

    . ‘drowned platform’. The relic deposits on the plat- form consist of abundant aragonite faecal pellets, ooids, Halimeda grains and a few bivalves, benthic and planktic foraminifers (Rao and Wagle 1997; Rao et al 1994). Also present are indurated arag- onite... muds, Halimeda- and pelletal limestones, coralline algal nodules, minor coral fragments, oys- ter shells and dolomite encrustations (Nair 1971; Nair et al 1979; Rao et al 1994, 2003). The radio- carbon ages of the above largely range between 12,940 14 C...

  16. A Monte Carlo Investigation of Some Tests for Stochastic Dominance

    OpenAIRE

    Y.K. Tse; Xibin Zhang

    2003-01-01

    This paper compares the performance of several tests for stochastic dominance up to order three using Monte Carlo methods. The tests considered are the Davidson and Duclos (2000) test, the Anderson test (1996) and the Kaur, Rao and Singh (1994) test. Only unpaired samples of independent observations are considered, as this is a restriction for both the Anderson and Kaur-Rao-Singh tests. We find that the Davidson-Duclos test appears to be the best. The Kaur-Rao-Singh test is overly conservativ...

  17. A new record of Morula anaxares with a description of the radula of three other species from Goa, Central West Coast of India (Gastropoda: Muricidae)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kumbhar, J.V.; Rivonker, C.U.

    of Madras. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 42: 323-341, pls. 1-4. Egorov, R. V. 1993. Trophoninae (Muricidae) of Russian and adjacent waters. Ruthenica Supplement, 48 pp. Gravely, F. H. 1942. Shells and other animal remains found... of Lakshadweep, Mollusca: State Fauna ser., 2: 273-362, 3 pls. Rao, N. V. S. 2003. Indian seashells (Part- I): Polyplacophora and Gastropoda, Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper 19: 416 pp. Rao, N. V. S. and Rao, K. V. S. 1993...

  18. Dicty_cDB: SHG483 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 2J21 from chromosome 6, complete sequence. 38 1.2 2 AW871630 |AW871630.1 ra80c01.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne inc...OTIDE PHOSPHODIESTERASE ;, mRNA sequence. 44 3.5 1 AW871214 |AW871214.1 ra56d01.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne inco...RNA sequence. 44 3.5 1 AW829376 |AW829376.1 ra39d01.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incog

  19. Managing the backscatter component from the robotic arm of an a-Si EPID

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Backscatter from the robotic arm mechanism of an a-Si EPID in IMRT images was examined. Images corrected with a conventional flood field (FF) containing a backscatter component (BSC) from the robotic ann were compared with a BSC-free FF. A Yarian 21 EX linac (6 MV, 18 MV) was used. All images were acquired with two aS500 EPIDs, one R-arm and one E-arm. The BSC of an EPID image is the ratio of an image acquired with the EPID attached to the arm then detaching the arm from the EPID and acquiring the same image. A range of square field sizes from 2.5 x 2.5 cm to 27.5 x 27.5 cm were acquired and the BSC analyzed. The BSC of the FFs were also measured. A series of IMRT fields were acquired. Each field was corrected with a conventional FF and compared with a BSC-free FF. Figure I shows the magnitude of the BSC from each arm in the inplane for a 6x beam. Square fields above 16 x l6 cm (R-arm) and lO x 10 cm (E-arm) benefited from a conventional FF as it tended to cancel out the BSC in the acquired square field. The opposite was observed for smaller field sizes. A gamma analysis of the IMRT fields showed a FF correction containing a BSC reduces the effect of the arm in the final image. IMRT EPID images using conventional FFs have been shown to be less affected by backscatter from the robotic arm compared to BSC-free flood fields. (author)

  20. Evaluation of the different spectral indices to map biocrust using spectral information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Alonso

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Biological soil crusts (BSC are complex communities formed by a close association of soil particles and cyanobacteria, algae, microfungi, lichens or bryophytes that live within or immediately on top of the uppermost millimeters of the soil surface. These communities cover non vegetated areas in most of the arid and semiarid ecosystems, and modify numerous soil surface properties and ecosystem processes. Given the importance of BSC in ecosystem functioning, accurate and spatially explicit information on the distribution of BSC is mandatory. With this objective, considerable effort has been devoted to identify and map BSC using remote sensing data, and some spectral indices have been developed. These indexes use the spectral differences among BSC and other surface components like vegetation or bare soil to identify the areas dominated by BSC. Our main objective is to test the feasibility of the previous indices published in the literature for mapping different types of BSC in a complex study area, where these index have not been developed, at different spatial scales. Our results showed the low capability of indexes based on multiespectral images to identify areas covered by BSCat field and image spatial scales. Hyperspetral indices, on the other hand, showed better results than those obtained with multispectral indices, with an accuracy around 71% because they analyzed specific absorption features related with photosynthetic pigments like chlorophyll and carotenoids. We can conclude that the spatial heterogeneity of the area and the spectral similarities among BSC, green and dry vegetation or bare soil makes it difficult to correctly distinguish BSC in arid and semiarid ecosystems using only multispectral information, whereas hyperspectral images offer an important tool to map different types of BSC and to discriminate among these and other surface components.

  1. रोग्जनक सूक्ष्मजीवों का गिट्टी पानी व्दारा स्थानांतरण

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Khandeparker, L.; Gaonkar, C.C.; Vengurlekar, A.A.; Nayak, S.; Ranjeet, E.

    RR (2000) Global spread of microorganisms by ships. Nature 408:49-50 9.� Subba Rao DV, Sprules WG, Locke , Carlton JT (1994) Exotic phytoplankton from ships' ballast waters: risk of potential spread to mariculture sites on Canada's East...

  2. Children and Television in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Niel, Eloise

    1978-01-01

    Television programing governed by national policy is described. The Advertising Code is noted, as are sources of foreign programs, media research agencies, and references to Malaysian media studies. (RAO)

  3. DMPD: IRAK1: a critical signaling mediator of innate immunity. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 17890055 IRAK1: a critical signaling mediator of innate immunity. Gottipati S, Rao ...IRAK1: a critical signaling mediator of innate immunity. PubmedID 17890055 Title IRAK1: a critical signaling media

  4. Annual mean statistics of the surface fluxes of the tropical Indian Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    RameshKumar, M.R.; Rao, L.V.G.

    MEAN STATISTICS OF THE SURFACE FLUXES OF THE TROPICAL INDIAN OCEAN (Research Note) M. R. RAMESH KUMAR and L. V. GANGADHARA RAO Physical Oceanography Division, National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, 403004, Goa, India (Received in final...

  5. Quake Lake Threat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The authorities are poised to evacuate more than a million people threatened by deadly pools dammed in by the Sichuan earthquake Rao Xiping is the head of a group of less than 20 water conservation experts,

  6. Intersection homology Betti numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Durfee, A H

    1993-01-01

    A generalization of the formula of Fine and Rao for the ranks of the intersection homology groups of a complex algebraic variety is given. The proof uses geometric properties of intersection homology and mixed Hodge theory.

  7. Eesti Energia tahab elektrit toota Pihkvas / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Energia ja Venemaa ettevõte RAO Rossija võivad koos rajada Pihkvasse ühise gaasielektrijaama. Eesti Energia juhatuse liikme Lembit Vali kommentaare. Lisa: Fortum ja Eesti Energia otsivad koostöövõimalusi

  8. A Guide to Making an Audio Tape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jobe, Holly; Cannon, Glenn

    This brief introduction to the use of audiotape recorders in educational settings provides basic information on operational procedures and recording techniques for voice, music, dubbing, and pulsing. Audiotape editing and splicing are also explained. (RAO)

  9. CAS Scientist Receives Trieste Science Prize

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ RAO Zihe, director of the CAS Institute of Biophysics and CAS Member, has been awarded the 2006Trieste Science Prize for "his worldclass contributions to structural biology and his studies of viruses responsible for human diseases."

  10. Instructional Design and Curricular Impact of Computer-Based Music Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofstetter, Fred T.

    1978-01-01

    A competency-based, self-paced core music curriculum utilizing the concept of digital music synthesis is described. The system is designed to aid in experimental research into the perception of intervals, melodies, chords, rhythms, and harmonies. (RAO)

  11. An Experiment in Architectural Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dvorak, Robert W.

    1978-01-01

    Discusses the application of the PLATO IV computer-based educational system to a one-semester basic drawing course for freshman architecture, landscape architecture, and interior design students and relates student reactions to the experience. (RAO)

  12. The Lost and Found Holy Grail: Some Reflections on Accountability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Judah L.

    1978-01-01

    Professional educators as goal formulators are presented as the responsible agents of accountability. Norm- and criterion-referenced testing are compared and suggestions for accountability and goal development are given. (RAO)

  13. Eesti nukufilm jälle edukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Argentiinas Buenos Airese laste- ja noortefilmide festivalil sai Pärtel Talli plastiliinitehnikas nukufilm "Porgand!" parima lühifilmi preemia ning katoliikliku meediaorganisatsiooni Signis eripreemia. Žürii eripreemia sai Rao Heidmetsa "Instinkt"

  14. Heidmetsa ilmutusraamat / Allan Valge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valge, Allan

    2003-01-01

    Nukufilm "Instinkt" : stsenarist ja režissöör Rao Heidmets : kunstnik Navitrolla : operaator Urmas Jõemees : helilooja Sven Grünberg : produtsent Arvo Nuut : Nukufilm 2003. Lisatug R. Heidmetsa filmograafia lk. 108

  15. 97,4 filmi päevas ja nii 17 päeva jutti / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Rao Heidmets oli Hiroshima animafestivali valikukomisjonis, kus jäi sõelale ka Ülo Pikkovi "Dialogos". 7.-11. augustini toimuval festivalil on ka Heidmetsa filmiprogramm ("Instinkt", "Kaasasündinud kohustused")

  16. RANDOM WEIGHTING METHOD FOR CENSORED REGRESSION MODEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Lincheng; FANG Yixin

    2004-01-01

    Rao and Zhao (1992) used random weighting method to derive the approximate distribution of the M-estimator in linear regression model. In this paper we extend the result to the censored regression model (or censored "Tobit" model).

  17. PEOPLE/POINTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Scientist Misses Out Rao Yi, Dean of the School of Life Sciences of Peking University and also a prestigious neuroscientist, attracted people’sattention because he was not selected as an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).

  18. Eesti animafilm osales Annecys

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Animafilmifestivalil Annecys osales neli Eesti filmi : Priit Pärna joonisfilm "Karl ja Marilyn", Rao Heidmetsa nukufilm "Instinkt", David Snowmani joonisfilm "Frank ja Wendy. Hungerburger" ja Meelis Arulepa reklaamfilm "Animated Dreams 2003"

  19. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U02317-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ) rb18a09.y1 Meloidogyne incognita egg pAMP1 Bird M... 44 8.1 1 ( BM774742 ) ra97b02.y1 Meloidogyne incognita egg pAMP1 Bird... M... 44 8.1 1 ( AW571311 ) ra16g10.y2 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 44 8.1 1 (... AW571255 ) ra16b04.y2 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 44 8.1 1 ( AW570934 ) ra13a02.y1 Bird...-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 44 8.1 1 ( AW570774 ) ra10g11.y1 Bird-Rao Meloido

  20. Impaired Cell Cycle Regulation in a Natural Equine Model of Asthma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicja Pacholewska

    Full Text Available Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO is a common and potentially debilitating lower airway disease in horses, which shares many similarities with human asthma. In susceptible horses RAO exacerbation is caused by environmental allergens and irritants present in hay dust. The objective of this study was the identification of genes and pathways involved in the pathology of RAO by global transcriptome analyses in stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs. We performed RNA-seq on PBMCs derived from 40 RAO affected and 45 control horses belonging to three cohorts of Warmblood horses: two half-sib families and one group of unrelated horses. PBMCs were stimulated with hay dust extract, lipopolysaccharides, a recombinant parasite antigen, or left unstimulated. The total dataset consisted of 561 individual samples. We detected significant differences in the expression profiles between RAO and control horses. Differential expression (DE was most marked upon stimulation with hay dust extract. An important novel finding was a strong upregulation of CXCL13 together with many genes involved in cell cycle regulation in stimulated samples from RAO affected horses, in addition to changes in the expression of several HIF-1 transcription factor target genes. The RAO condition alters systemic changes observed as differential expression profiles of PBMCs. Those changes also depended on the cohort and stimulation of the samples and were dominated by genes involved in immune cell trafficking, development, and cell cycle regulation. Our findings indicate an important role of CXCL13, likely macrophage or Th17 derived, and the cell cycle regulator CDC20 in the immune response in RAO.

  1. Non-Linear Filtering Approaches for INS/GPS Integration

    OpenAIRE

    Giremus, Audrey; Doucet, Arnaud; Escher, Anne-Christine; Tourneret, Jean-Yves

    2004-01-01

    Navigation with an integrated INS/GPS approach requires to solve a set of nonlinear equations. In this case, nonlinear filtering techniques such as Particle Filtering methods are expected to perform better than the classical, but suboptimal, Extended Kalman Filter. Besides, the INS/GPS model has a conditionally linear Gaussian structure. A Rao-Blackwellization procedure can then be applied to reduce the variance of the state estimates. This paper studies different algorithms combining Rao-Bla...

  2. Performance Analysis of a Decoding Algorithm for Algebraic Geometry Codes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Helge Elbrønd; Nielsen, Rasmus Refslund; Høholdt, Tom

    1998-01-01

    We analyse the known decoding algorithms for algebraic geometry codes in the case where the number of errors is greater than or equal to [(dFR-1)/2]+1, where dFR is the Feng-Rao distance......We analyse the known decoding algorithms for algebraic geometry codes in the case where the number of errors is greater than or equal to [(dFR-1)/2]+1, where dFR is the Feng-Rao distance...

  3. Recent results in the decoding of Algebraic geometry codes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høholdt, Tom; Jensen, Helge Elbrønd; Nielsen, Rasmus Refslund

    1998-01-01

    We analyse the known decoding algorithms for algebraic geometry codes in the case where the number of errors is [(dFR-1)/2]+1, where dFR is the Feng-Rao distance......We analyse the known decoding algorithms for algebraic geometry codes in the case where the number of errors is [(dFR-1)/2]+1, where dFR is the Feng-Rao distance...

  4. Equine recurrent airway obstruction

    OpenAIRE

    Artur Niedźwiedź

    2014-01-01

    Equine Recurrent Airway Obstruction (RAO), also known as heaves or broken wind, is one of the most common disease in middle-aged horses. Inflammation of the airway is inducted by organic dust exposure. This disease is characterized by neutrophilic inflammation, bronchospasm, excessive mucus production and pathologic changes in the bronchiolar walls. Clinical signs are resolved in 3-4 weeks after environmental changes. Horses suffering from RAO are susceptible to allergens throughout their liv...

  5. Fyziologie a patofyziologické aspekty dýchacího ústrojí koně

    OpenAIRE

    Horká, Marie

    2014-01-01

    The work is concern to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, in short COPD, today is disease called Recurrent airway obstruction -- RAO and effect of stabling to disease. In the work is shortly summarized anatomy of horse respiratory system and described physiology respiratory sytem of horse. Chronic disease is here distinction from acute. In the work is detailed description of RAO, also known as heaves. It is explained epidemiology, causes and pathogenesis, clinical signs and anamnesis, dia...

  6. Evaluation of nine distance-based measures of functional diversity applied to forest communities

    OpenAIRE

    Jin-Tun Zhang; Naiqi Song; Lihong Fan

    2013-01-01

    Several methods for the estimation of functional diversity are employed in plant communities. However, it is hard to select the most suitable measures in practice. This work presents comparisons of nine distance-based measures applied to functional diversity analysis in forest communities (36 plots) along an elevational gradient in the Pangquangou Reserve, China. The employed indices and methods were: functional attribute diversity (FAD), Raos functional diversity (Raos index), single linkage...

  7. A Wald test with enhanced selectivity properties in homogeneous environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Weijian; Xie, Wenchong; Wang, Yongliang

    2013-12-01

    A Wald test with enhanced selectivity capabilities is proposed in homogeneous environments. At the design stage, we assume that the cell under test contains a noise-like interferer in addition to colored noise and possible signal of interest. We show that the Wald test is equivalent to a recently proposed Rao test. We also observe that this Rao/Wald test possesses constant false alarm rate property in homogeneous environments.

  8. Wound healing: a new perspective on glucosylated tetrahydrocurcumin

    OpenAIRE

    Bhaskar Rao A; Prasad E.; Deepthi SS; Haritha V; Ramakrishna.S,; Madhusudan K; Surekha MV; Venkata Rao YSR

    2015-01-01

    Adari Bhaskar Rao,1 Ernala Prasad,1 Seelam Siva Deepthi,1 Vennapusa Haritha,1 Sistla Ramakrishna,1 Kuncha Madhusudan,1 Mullapudi Venkata Surekha,2 Yerramilli Sri Rama Venkata Rao3 1Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacology Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research – Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, 2Pathology Division, National Institute of Nutrition, 3Ashian Herbex Ltd, Hyderabad, AP, India Abstract: Wound healing represents a dynamic set of coordinated ...

  9. Effect of naringin on hemodynamic changes and left ventricular function in renal artery occluded renovascular hypertension in rats

    OpenAIRE

    Asjad Visnagri; Mohammad Adil; Amit D Kandhare; Subhash L. Bodhankar

    2015-01-01

    Background: Renal artery occlusion (RAO) induced hypertension is a major health problem associated with structural and functional variations of the renal and cardiac vasculature. Naringin a flavanone glycoside derived possesses metal-chelating, antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the antihypertensive activity of naringin in RAO induced hypertension in rats. Material and Methods: Male Wistar rats (180-200 g) were divided...

  10. Development of a fuzzy qualitative risk assessment model applied to construction industry

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto, Abel Fernando do Nascimento

    2012-01-01

    The construction industry is plagued by occupational risky situations and poor working conditions. Risk Assessment for Occupational Safety (RAOS) is the first and key step to achieve adequate safety levels, particularly to support decision-making in safety programs. Most construction safety efforts are applied informally under the premise that simply allocating more resources to safety management will improve safety on site. Moreover, there are many traditional methods to address RAOS, but...

  11. Dicty_cDB: SLA431 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 0.y1 Meloidogyne incognita egg SL1 TOPO v1 ... 50 0.10 1 ( AW871346 ) ra76b02.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incogn...ita J2 Melo... 50 0.10 1 ( AW830042 ) ra48h09.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Melo... 50 0.10 1 ( AW828941 ) ra70a02.y1 Bird

  12. Dicty_cDB: SSD517 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available eba histolytica genomic, DNA sequence. 56 2e-06 2 AW570895 |AW570895.1 ra12e05.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incog...NTEP18TR Entamoeba histolytica Sheared DNA Entamoeba histolytica genomic, DNA sequence. 56 5e-04 1 AW588730 ...|AW588730.1 ra03h09.y2 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne incognita cDNA 5' similar to WP:F55H2.2

  13. Dicty_cDB: AFO449 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available gnments: (bits) Value N BM774584 |BM774584.1 ra95c11.y1 Meloidogyne incognita egg pAMP1 Bird Meloidogyne inc...ssed in fertilized egg. 42 3e-05 3 AW827814 |AW827814.1 ra59b10.y1 Bird-Rao Meloi...sequence. 40 8e-05 3 AW871572 |AW871572.1 ra79e06.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne incognita

  14. Germination, survival and growth of three vascular plants on biological soil crusts from a Mexican tropical desert.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godínez-Alvarez, H; Morín, C; Rivera-Aguilar, V

    2012-01-01

    Information about the effects of biological soil crusts (BSC) on germination, seedling survival and growth of vascular plants is controversial because they can have positive, neutral or negative effects. This controversy may be because most studies conducted until now have just analysed one or two recruitment stages independently. To understand the BSC effects on vascular plants, it is necessary to consider each stage of the recruitment process and synthesise all this information. The goal of this study was twofold. First, we analyse germination, seedling survival and growth of three vascular plants (Agave marmorata, Prosopis laevigata and Neobuxbaumia tetetzo) on BSC (cyanobacteria and mixed crust) from a tropical desert region of south-central México. Second, we synthesise the information to determine the total effect of BSC on plant species performance. We conducted experiments under controlled conditions to evaluate the proportion of germinated seeds, proportion of surviving seedlings and seedling dry weight in BSC and bare soil. Results showed that BSC have different effects on germination, seedling survival and growth of plant species. Plant species performance was qualitatively higher on BSC than bare soil. The highest performance of A. marmorata and P. laevigata was observed on cyanobacteria and mixed crusts, respectively. The highest performance of N. tetetzo was on both crust types.

  15. Habitat stress initiates changes in composition, CO2 gas exchange and C-allocation as life traits in biological soil crusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colesie, Claudia; Green, T G Allan; Haferkamp, Ilka; Büdel, Burkhard

    2014-10-01

    Biological soil crusts (BSC) are the dominant functional vegetation unit in some of the harshest habitats in the world. We assessed BSC response to stress through changes in biotic composition, CO2 gas exchange and carbon allocation in three lichen-dominated BSC from habitats with different stress levels, two more extreme sites in Antarctica and one moderate site in Germany. Maximal net photosynthesis (NP) was identical, whereas the water content to achieve maximal NP was substantially lower in the Antarctic sites, this apparently being achieved by changes in biomass allocation. Optimal NP temperatures reflected local climate. The Antarctic BSC allocated fixed carbon (tracked using (14)CO2) mostly to the alcohol soluble pool (low-molecular weight sugars, sugar alcohols), which has an important role in desiccation and freezing resistance and antioxidant protection. In contrast, BSC at the moderate site showed greater carbon allocation into the polysaccharide pool, indicating a tendency towards growth. The results indicate that the BSC of the more stressed Antarctic sites emphasise survival rather than growth. Changes in BSC are adaptive and at multiple levels and we identify benefits and risks attached to changing life traits, as well as describing the ecophysiological mechanisms that underlie them. PMID:24694713

  16. Validation of cross-contamination control in biological safety cabinet for biotech/pharmaceutical manufacturing process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Shih-Cheng; Shiue, Angus; Tu, Jin-Xin; Liu, Han-Yang; Chiu, Rong-Ben

    2015-12-01

    For class II, type A2 biological safety cabinets (BSC), NSF/ANSI Standard 49 should be conformed in cabinet airflow velocity derivation, particle contamination, and aerodynamic flow properties. However, there exists a potential problem. It has been built that the cabinet air flow stabilize is influenced by the quantity of downflow of air and the height above the cabinet exhaust opening. Three air downflow quantities were compared as an operating apparatus was placed from 20 to 40 cm above the bench of the cabinet. The results show that the BSC air downflow velocity is a function of increased sampling height, displaying that containment is improvingly permitted over product protection as the sampling height decreases. This study investigated the concentration gradient of particles at various heights and downflow air quantity from the bench of the BSC. Experiment results indicate that performance near the bench was better than in the rest of the BSC. In terms of height, the best cleanliness was measured at a height of 10 cm over the bench; it reduced actually with add in height. The empirical curves accommodate, founded on the concentration gradient of particle created was elaborated for evaluating the particle concentration at different heights and downflow air quantity from the source of the bench of the BSC. The particle image velocimetry system applied for BSC airflow research to fix amount of airflow patterns and air distribution measurement and results of measurements show how obstructions can greatly influence the airflow and contaminant transportation in a BSC.

  17. The envisagement of education program for development of nuclear science and technology in Vietnam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear Training Centre envisaged BSc program for development of nuclear science and technology to advice and recommendations for the Ministry of Education and Training in Vietnam. This report had been wrote on basics of programmes of education of MIFI (Russia), TIT (Japanese), SNU (Korea), 4 schedule curriculums and 4 current curriculums of Hanoi University of Natural Science, Hanoi University of Technology, Dalat University, Ho Chi Minh University of Natural Science, the reference universities, and the post of Dr. Luu Lam - the Ministry of Education and Training. As a result, the team came up with the view of BSc program consistent with the design, organization train BSc in Vietnam and provide nuclear staff. (author)

  18. The Insertion of the Tool Balanced Scorecard in the Strategic Planning of a Growing Company: A Case Study in the Company Metadil Metalúrgica Indústria e Comércio Ltda

    OpenAIRE

    Rafaela Thomaz Queiroz; Antonio Lobosco; Martinho Isnard Ribeiro de Almeida; Emerson Antonio Maccari

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze how the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) can assist in the building the strategic planning of a small growing company, in order to achieve its strategic targets. For this purpose, it was carried out a study in a small company of the furniture segment, with a view to identify the benefits derived from the use of BSC at the organization. The following departments were analyzed: Human Resources, Marketing/Customers, Finances, and Production, and identified as BSC per...

  19. BETWEEN BALANCED SCORECARD AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Jovanović

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to analyze parallel implementation of BSC as a strategic management system and quality management system by the principals of ISO 9000 certification. We will analyze advantages and disadvantages of the models. Further more, the research will analyze cumulative advantages of the two systems implementation. The research will present possibilities for BSC implementation in QMS environment, underlining the processes. We will put the accent on improvement of firm's effectiveness by Strategic Management System (BSC and Quality Management System's implementation.

  20. The role of a blue ocean strategy on performance evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojtaba Tabari

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper develops a balanced scorecard (BSC in order to prepare a comprehensive tool for performance evaluation. In this way, an experimental test is conducted in the Resorts of Ramsar Green City located in the north of Iran, in which the factors of a blue ocean strategy influence on the dimensions of the BSC. The sample number of this study consists of 90 managers and experts of the employees who work for Resorts of Ramsar Green City. The acquired data are analyzed with using the t-test. The obtained results show that the blue ocean strategy changes in the objects and the scales of the BSC.

  1. Pengaruh Budaya Organisasi terhadap Kinerja dalam Perspektif Balanced Scorecard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gusti Ayu Made Asri Dwija Putri

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is purposed to gain empirical evidence that process, employee and pragmatic oriented organizational culture have effect on performance perspectives of Balanced Scorecard (BSC. Research population were cooperations in the Denpasar Bali area. Primary data collected through questionnaires were easured in likert scale. Research finding indicated that process-oriented culture affected BSC performance in financial, consumer, internal business process dan learning and growth perspectives. Employee-oriented culture affects consumers perspective only; while pragmatic-oriented culture affects BSC performance in the perspectives of financial, consumer, internal business process.

  2. Rehabilitation of European Biological Soil Crusts - The SCIN project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Laura; Zheng, Lingjuan; Maier, Stefanie; Weber, Bettina; Büdel, Burkhard

    2015-04-01

    The ''Soil Crust INternational'' (SCIN) Project aims to improve the appreciation and understanding of European Biological Soil Crusts (BSC) with the goal of developing biodiversity conservation and sustainable management strategies. Our objective is to study the uniqueness of European BSC on a local scale and investigate how these communities thrive in areas with such great macroclimatic differences. In order to cover a wide diversity of European BSC a latitudinal transect was established, extending from the Great Alvar of Öland, Sweden in the north, down to Gössenheim, Central Germany and Hochtor in the Hohe Tauern National Park, Austria, continuing to the Badlands of Tabernas, in southern Spain. The transect stretches over 20° latitude and 2,300 m in altitude and includes natural and also semi-natural sites that require maintenance, for instance, by grazing. Within the SCIN project a rehabilitation study was initiated in order to investigate the recovery potential of BSC under different environmental conditions. This entailed the construction of 10 times 1m2 plots, alongside control plots, at each of the 4 sites, where the BSC was completely removed. Over the course of 2 years (2012-2014) the plots were sampled regularly to assess recovery in the form of returning organisms (cyanobacteria, algae, lichens, bryophytes, higher plants), soil stability, chlorophyll and carbon content and nutrient composition. Cyanobacteria are considered as the pioneering functional group of BSC establishment in many regions, especially arid, and may be critical for the successful formation of any of the further BSC successional stages. Therefore, the cyanobacterial assemblages of recovering plots are being investigated to shed light on the importance of cyanobacteria in the rehabilitation of BSC and whether individual species or specific communities can be ascribed to a local or wide geographical range. It also has to be considered the proximity of recovering BSC to established

  3. AHP IN IMPLEMENTATION OF BALANCED SCORECARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Jovanovic

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available BSC as a matrix of balanced indicators gives a review of organization activities within four or more perspectives (fields (finance, users, business processes, learning and development where by necessary conditions for development and continual improvement are created. As BSC is essentially a frame for realization of defined strategy in the organization, its implementation asks for an adequate choice of measures-indicators and therefore this paper is oriented towards importance and methodology of the choice of indicators. This paper particularly emphasizes a possibility of implementation of AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process and ANP (Analytic Network Process as methods of multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM inmplementation of BSC.

  4. 平衡计分卡模式在国企组织绩效管理中的创新应用--以铜冠地产组织绩效管理模式创新为例%Innovative Application of BSC Model in the State-owned Enterprise Organization Performance Management:Taking Organization Performance Management Innovation in Tongguan Real Estate Group for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘向东

    2015-01-01

    Organization performance management has been the main means for state-owned enterprises to implement and decompose the annual business goals. However, the traditional organization performance management only focuses on target incentive, that is to focus on the enterprise's annual or short term operation result, which is not conducive to guide the enterprises to pay attention to the long-term development. With the concept of the balanced scorecard mode to innovate organization performance management, the connotation of management is competitive is introduced, and single dimension assessment is changed into multiple-dimension assessment, making the organization performance management become a strategic management tool for the enterprise. Its characteristic is the good balance of the relationship between the economic benefit and enterprise management, realizing the mutual promotion. Through the management innovation, innovation mechanism, the enterprise core competitiveness can be comprehensively improved, to promote the realization of enterprise strategic target.%一直以来,组织绩效管理是国有企业落实和分解年度经营目标的主要手段和方式,然而传统的组织绩效管理只注重目标激励,重点关注企业的年度或短期经营结果,不利于引导企业关注长远发展。以平衡计分卡模式的理念创新组织绩效管理,引入管理就是竞争力的内涵,变单一维度考核为多维度考核,使得组织绩效管理由单一绩效管理工具转变为企业战略管理工具。它的特色就在于很好的把握了经济效益与企业管理的关系,实现了两者相互促进,通过管理创新,创新机制,综合提升企业核心竞争力,促进企业战略目标的实现。

  5. BALANCED SCORECARD AS AN ADVANCED MANAGEMENT CONCEPT WITHIN THE INTEGRATED QUALITY MANAGEMENT MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevan Zivojinovic

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The significance of >Integratedquality management< (IQM model, originating form St.Gallen-model, is reflected in the need for synergic application of new and advanced concepts of management theory and practise. Balanced score card (BSC within IQM model becomes a catalyst of business success for a modern organization by focusing on organizational variables-business strategy, organization structure and corporate culture. BSC is the leading system of performance tracking and strategy implementation, consistent with other management concepts and methods for managing process improvement. Through BSC, IQM processes' activities correlate with organization business results. BSC management processes enable integration of all decision-making levels, from institutional via strategic to operative, in the process starting from planing, i.e. formulating and implementation of strategy, to feed back by performance measurement and control.

  6. Introduction to Building Systems Performance: Houses that Work II. Revised February 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2005-03-01

    The Building Science Consortium (BSC) design recommendations are based on the hygrothermal regions with reference to the annual rainfall. Local climate must be addressed if it differs significantly from the climate described for a particular design.

  7. Developing and using a balanced scorecard: a case study with SWOT analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumbus, Andra; Lussier, Robert N

    2003-01-01

    Have you tried to measure your laboratory's performance lately? Do you measure and assess financial results, customer satisfaction, internal process efficiency, and learning and growth? If any of these metrics are missing from your performance measurement system, you are not using the latest management tool that is sweeping the health-care industry--the balanced scorecard (BSC). This article begins with a discussion of the BSC and why you should use it in your laboratory, followed by SWOT analysis to assess the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) a BSC offers your laboratory. A laboratory case study is then presented to assist you in developing and using a BSC in your laboratory. PMID:12701559

  8. A study of a nursing department performance measurement system: using the Balanced Scorecard and the Analytic Hierarchy Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Hsuan-Lien; Wang, Chen-Chin; Dai, Yu-Tzu

    2009-01-01

    The health care industry is under pressure from government and private entities as well as from market conditions to contain costs. In an effort to respond to these pressures, the case hospital in this study implemented a Balanced Scorecard (BSC) in January 2003 and integrated it with the hospital's formal incentive plan for non-physicians in January 2005. The nursing department's performance improved in the 2 years following the introduction of the plan. This study contributes to the literature by demonstrating the performance improvement that results from integrating the BSC with an incentive plan in the nursing field. The results provide insight into the current BSC performance metrics applied by the case nursing department, and could be used as guidelines by other health care organizations that wish to implement BSC-based incentive plans. PMID:20050491

  9. A study of a nursing department performance measurement system: using the Balanced Scorecard and the Analytic Hierarchy Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Hsuan-Lien; Wang, Chen-Chin; Dai, Yu-Tzu

    2009-01-01

    The health care industry is under pressure from government and private entities as well as from market conditions to contain costs. In an effort to respond to these pressures, the case hospital in this study implemented a Balanced Scorecard (BSC) in January 2003 and integrated it with the hospital's formal incentive plan for non-physicians in January 2005. The nursing department's performance improved in the 2 years following the introduction of the plan. This study contributes to the literature by demonstrating the performance improvement that results from integrating the BSC with an incentive plan in the nursing field. The results provide insight into the current BSC performance metrics applied by the case nursing department, and could be used as guidelines by other health care organizations that wish to implement BSC-based incentive plans.

  10. Balance the Paradox between Limited Health Resources and Growing Demands for Medical Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Tian; Bruce Gurd; Wang Guoxing

    2008-01-01

    Health institutions in the People's Republic of China are under considerable challenge.Innovations in management systems may support the challenge to increase both efficiency and effectiveness.The balanced scorecard (BSC) is one Such innovation.We have used a model to explore the factors that may impact the diffusion of the BSC in Chinese government hospitals.In particular,we concentrate on three factors-the outer context,the nature of the innovation and the communication and influence.The outer context and the nature of the innovation do provide an inducement to implement a BSC.The strength of the communication and influence may affect the level of take-up.However,we recognise that they may choose the BSC not for any apparent technical excellence but for the legitimation that Western man agement practices may bring to local managers.

  11. Modifying the Balanced Scorecard for a Network Industry The Case of the Clearing Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chlistalla, Michael; Schaper, Torsten

    The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is a well-established framework for the management of a company as it integrates financial and non-financial perspectives. Little attention has been given to its theoretical and conceptual valuation. We illustrate how the stakeholder value theory corresponds with the concept of the BSC and show the importance of underlying cause-and-effect relationships between its perspectives. For the case of clearing in Europe which is currently facing profound changes, we present our three-phased approach how to adjust and to extend Kaplan and Norton’s original concept. We modify the generic BSC by adding risk management as a separate perspective and by integrating competition and IT. Based on multiple case studies, we then validate whether the modified BSC is suited to meet the specifics of the clearing industry.

  12. 75 FR 18214 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Office for Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-09

    ... Office for Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response (BSC, COTPER) \\1\\ \\1\\ The Coordinating Office for Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response has been renamed and is now the Office of...

  13. Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile – Exterior Rigid Insulation Best Practices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2013-09-01

    In this Top Innovation profile, field and lab studies by BSC, PHI, and NorthernSTAR characterize the thermal, air, and vapor resistance properties of rigid foam insulation and describe best practices for their use on walls, roofs, and foundations.

  14. Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile – Quality Management System Guidelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2013-09-01

    This Top Innovation profile describes quality management system tools that were customized for residential construction by BSC, IBACOS, and PHI, for use by builders, trades, and designers to help eliminate mistakes that would require high-cost rework.

  15. Power and sample size determination for the group comparison of patient-reported outcomes with Rasch family models.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myriam Blanchin

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PRO that comprise all self-reported measures by the patient are important as endpoint in clinical trials and epidemiological studies. Models from the Item Response Theory (IRT are increasingly used to analyze these particular outcomes that bring into play a latent variable as these outcomes cannot be directly observed. Preliminary developments have been proposed for sample size and power determination for the comparison of PRO in cross-sectional studies comparing two groups of patients when an IRT model is intended to be used for analysis. The objective of this work was to validate these developments in a large number of situations reflecting real-life studies. METHODOLOGY: The method to determine the power relies on the characteristics of the latent trait and of the questionnaire (distribution of the items, the difference between the latent variable mean in each group and the variance of this difference estimated using Cramer-Rao bound. Different scenarios were considered to evaluate the impact of the characteristics of the questionnaire and of the variance of the latent trait on performances of the Cramer-Rao method. The power obtained using Cramer-Rao method was compared to simulations. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Powers achieved with the Cramer-Rao method were close to powers obtained from simulations when the questionnaire was suitable for the studied population. Nevertheless, we have shown an underestimation of power with the Cramer-Rao method when the questionnaire was less suitable for the population. Besides, the Cramer-Rao method stays valid whatever the values of the variance of the latent trait. CONCLUSIONS: The Cramer-Rao method is adequate to determine the power of a test of group effect at design stage for two-group comparison studies including patient-reported outcomes in health sciences. At the design stage, the questionnaire used to measure the intended PRO should be carefully chosen in relation

  16. Power and Sample Size Determination for the Group Comparison of Patient-Reported Outcomes with Rasch Family Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanchin, Myriam; Hardouin, Jean-Benoit; Guillemin, Francis; Falissard, Bruno; Sébille, Véronique

    2013-01-01

    Background Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) that comprise all self-reported measures by the patient are important as endpoint in clinical trials and epidemiological studies. Models from the Item Response Theory (IRT) are increasingly used to analyze these particular outcomes that bring into play a latent variable as these outcomes cannot be directly observed. Preliminary developments have been proposed for sample size and power determination for the comparison of PRO in cross-sectional studies comparing two groups of patients when an IRT model is intended to be used for analysis. The objective of this work was to validate these developments in a large number of situations reflecting real-life studies. Methodology The method to determine the power relies on the characteristics of the latent trait and of the questionnaire (distribution of the items), the difference between the latent variable mean in each group and the variance of this difference estimated using Cramer-Rao bound. Different scenarios were considered to evaluate the impact of the characteristics of the questionnaire and of the variance of the latent trait on performances of the Cramer-Rao method. The power obtained using Cramer-Rao method was compared to simulations. Principal Findings Powers achieved with the Cramer-Rao method were close to powers obtained from simulations when the questionnaire was suitable for the studied population. Nevertheless, we have shown an underestimation of power with the Cramer-Rao method when the questionnaire was less suitable for the population. Besides, the Cramer-Rao method stays valid whatever the values of the variance of the latent trait. Conclusions The Cramer-Rao method is adequate to determine the power of a test of group effect at design stage for two-group comparison studies including patient-reported outcomes in health sciences. At the design stage, the questionnaire used to measure the intended PRO should be carefully chosen in relation to the studied

  17. Lysios: Auswahl von Software-Lösungen mit der Balanced Scorecard

    OpenAIRE

    Jonen, Andreas; Lingnau, Volker; Weinmann, Peter

    2004-01-01

    Die Balanced Scorecard [BSC] hat seit der Veröffentlichung des ersten Artikels in der Harvard Business Review 1992 eine breite Diskussion in Theorie und Praxis ausgelöst. Mittlerweile haben eine hohe Anzahl von Unternehmen in Amerika, aber auch zunehmend in Deutschland dieses Managementinstrument implementiert. Ein immer wieder auftauchender Kritikpunkt an der BSC ist die äußerst zeitaufwendige Pflege, die dieses Kennzahlensystem in Anspruch nimmt. Deswegen wird eine gelungene Umsetzung mit H...

  18. A balanced scorecard for measuring the impact of industry–university collaboration

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Ashaab, Ahmed; Flores, Myrna; Doultsinou, Athanasia; Magyar, Andrea

    2011-01-01

    The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) can be considered as a strategic measurement tool. Many companies have applied it to measure four key aspects of their organisations’ performance: financial, customer, internal business process and learning and growth. Although it is widely used in the business arena, this original BSC was not developed to assess the impact of collaborative research projects under an open innovation strategy, where the outputs of research and development developed by collaborative...

  19. Cuadro de mando integral: Evaluación de resultados de 2006 a 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Medino-Muñoz, Juan; Grifol-Clar, Eulalia

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is a tool for measuring the performance of a library through quality indicators from four perspectives: user, internal processes, human resources and financial management. The libraries of the University Hospital of Fuenlabrada and the University Hospital Fundación Alcorcón have been using a BSC for several years to allow them to quickly access the results of their processes, assess targets set by managers and identify opportunities for improvemen...

  20. Leakage from biological shield cooling system in Pickering NGS A

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over the past eight years, a number of leaks have developed in the Biological Shield Cooling (BSC) system of the Pickering NGS A reactors. The highest leak rate exists in Unit 4. The failure mechanism is not known, but corrosion and/or weld failure are suspected. This paper summarizes the concerns associated with the leaks and possible solutions. It should be noted that the BSC system is peculiar to Pickering A reactors only

  1. Education for health: alcohol and young aged school teenagers

    OpenAIRE

    Mendonça, Paula; Rocha, Ana; Sousa, Ana; Santo, Flávia; Costa, Francisco; Dôro, Patrícia

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Alcohol consumption starts at an early age in Portuguese people. Health problems and risk behavior associated with excessive consumption can be prevented or highly reduced through effective school programs. Health professionals, such as biomedical scientists, (BSc), are important in promoting healthy lifestyles through the transmission of knowledge. Objective: Explore the role of the BSc in promoting health via intervention and clarification actions, (ICA), with 9th grade stu...

  2. Designing a Balanced Scorecard to Measure a Bank's Performance: A Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Sabah M. Al-Najjar; Khawla H. Kalaf

    2012-01-01

    Performance measurement systems play a key role in evaluating the strategic performance of an organization, but many managers agree that their evaluation systems do not adequately fulfill this function. Hence, in recent years a shift towards the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) has emerged as a managerial approach to evaluate the strategic performance of the organization. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the understanding of how BSC is developed and applied in evaluating the performance ...

  3. BALANCED SCORECARD AND THE MANAGEMENT INTRUMENTS COMPLEMENTARITY

    OpenAIRE

    Sunhilde CUC

    2009-01-01

    The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) presents the quantitative goals selected from multiple perspectives for implementing the organizational strategy and vision. This article considers how Total Quality Management, Activity Based Management (ABM), Customer Value Analysis, EVA and Budgets approaches may complement a balanced scorecard effort. It briefly outlines how this tools are defined, considers their strengths and weaknesses. The paper concludes that when other tools used in conjunction with BSC ...

  4. Impact of Rechallenge with Imatinib in Patients with Advanced Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor after Failure of Imatinib and Sunitinib

    OpenAIRE

    Akira Sawaki; Tatsuo Kanda; Yoshito Komatsu; Toshirou Nishida

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. This retrospective, nonrandomized study investigated the effect of imatinib rechallenge plus best supportive care (BSC) on overall survival after imatinib and sunitinib treatment for patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Methods. Twenty-six patients who had previously been exposed to both imatinib and sunitinib were enrolled in this study. The treatment regimen was BSC with or without imatinib, based on the patient's choice after discussi...

  5. Using the balanced scorecard to mobilize human resources in organizational transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsasis, Peter; Harber, Bruce

    2008-05-01

    Traditionally, the balanced scorecard (BSC) has been an effective tool in linking measurement to strategy. However, what is least understood is how the BSC can be used to redefine organizational relationships, re-engineer fundamental processes and transform organizational culture, for superior performance in an organization with the same people, services and technology that previously delivered dismal performance. This paper highlights the process and uses York Central Hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada as an illustrative example. PMID:18482931

  6. Using the balanced scorecard to mobilize human resources in organizational transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsasis, Peter; Harber, Bruce

    2008-05-01

    Traditionally, the balanced scorecard (BSC) has been an effective tool in linking measurement to strategy. However, what is least understood is how the BSC can be used to redefine organizational relationships, re-engineer fundamental processes and transform organizational culture, for superior performance in an organization with the same people, services and technology that previously delivered dismal performance. This paper highlights the process and uses York Central Hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada as an illustrative example.

  7. Balanced Scorecard – Sustainable Development Tool

    OpenAIRE

    Leontina Beţianu; Sorin Briciu

    2011-01-01

    The sustainable management of a business requires the consideration of all the business compo- nents, both the economic activity and the aspects related to its impact on the environment and its social implications. The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is a management tool supporting the successful implementation of corporative strategies. This helps connecting operational and non-financial activi- ties that have a significant impact on the economic success of a business. BSC is therefore a promising ...

  8. Design of Corporate Performance Management System : Case Study at PT X IN INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Dermawan Wibisono; Hong Mee Hoa; Pungkas Untea

    2012-01-01

    This paper focus on design of company performance management for corporate level of XCompany that produces food ingredient to supply instant noodle, snack and processed meatindustries. The framework of proposed performance measurement systems is combining of theBalanced Scorecard (BSC) and Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA). Fourperspectives that are Financial, Customer, Internal Process, and Learning & Growth are based onthe BSC framework in which in every perspective severa...

  9. Spatial data processing tools and applications for Black Sea catchment region

    OpenAIRE

    Gorgan, Dorian; Bacu, Victor; Mihon, Danut; Rodila, Denisa; Stefanut, Teodor; Abbaspour, Karim; Cau, Pierluigi; Giuliani, Gregory; Ray, Nicolas; Lehmann, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    The enviroGRIDS project has developed and provides through the BSC-OS portal a set of tools, applications and platforms concerning with the processing of huge spatial data for the Black Sea catchment region. The presentation highlights the main issues of interoperability between Geospatial and Grid infrastructures, and between different platforms supporting the Earth Science oriented tools and applications. The BSC-OS portal provides end user applications for spatial data management, hydrolog...

  10. AHP IN IMPLEMENTATION OF BALANCED SCORECARD

    OpenAIRE

    Jelena Jovanovic; Zdravko Krivokapić

    2015-01-01

    BSC as a matrix of balanced indicators gives a review of organization activities within four or more perspectives (fields) (finance, users, business processes, learning and development) where by necessary conditions for development and continual improvement are created. As BSC is essentially a frame for realization of defined strategy in the organization, its implementation asks for an adequate choice of measures-indicators and therefore this paper is oriented towards importance and methodolo...

  11. Marketing residential grid-connected PV systems using a balanced scorecard as a marketing tool

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A strategic analysis of the electricity market in Western Australia yields a market potential for renewable energy in Western Australia. However, from a purely financial viewpoint the installation of grid-connected pv-systems still is not economically viable. In this paper a balanced scorecard (BSC) is developed to capture and visualize other than financial benefits. Therefore, the BSC can be used as a marketing tool to communicate the benefits of a privately owned GCPV system to potential customers. (author)

  12. Multiscale Thermohydrologic Model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the multiscale thermohydrologic model (MSTHM) is to predict the possible range of thermal-hydrologic conditions, resulting from uncertainty and variability, in the repository emplacement drifts, including the invert, and in the adjoining host rock for the repository at Yucca Mountain. Thus, the goal is to predict the range of possible thermal-hydrologic conditions across the repository; this is quite different from predicting a single expected thermal-hydrologic response. The MSTHM calculates the following thermal-hydrologic parameters: temperature, relative humidity, liquid-phase saturation, evaporation rate, air-mass fraction, gas-phase pressure, capillary pressure, and liquid- and gas-phase fluxes (Table 1-1). These thermal-hydrologic parameters are required to support ''Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) Model/Analysis for the License Application'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 168504]). The thermal-hydrologic parameters are determined as a function of position along each of the emplacement drifts and as a function of waste package type. These parameters are determined at various reference locations within the emplacement drifts, including the waste package and drip-shield surfaces and in the invert. The parameters are also determined at various defined locations in the adjoining host rock. The MSTHM uses data obtained from the data tracking numbers (DTNs) listed in Table 4.1-1. The majority of those DTNs were generated from the following analyses and model reports: (1) ''UZ Flow Model and Submodels'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169861]); (2) ''Development of Numerical Grids for UZ Flow and Transport Modeling'' (BSC 2004); (3) ''Calibrated Properties Model'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169857]); (4) ''Thermal Conductivity of the Potential Repository Horizon'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169854]); (5) ''Thermal Conductivity of the Non-Repository Lithostratigraphic Layers'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170033]); (6) ''Ventilation Model and Analysis Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169862]); (7) ''Heat Capacity

  13. Investigating the flow of Organisational Obstinacy in Collaborative Balanced Scorecard: An Ethnographic Action Research in Public Service.

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamad. M, Clifford, N. Kwalek, P

    2016-01-01

    Abstract: Area of concern: Developing a Balanced Scorecard (BSC) for a network of public-private institutions requires interdependent connectivity and information sharing to set commonly agreed performance standards. Such a Collaborative BSC (CBSC) reflects a high degree of socially constructed organizational values, rules, and procedures. In doing so, organizational changes take place to reach to equilibriums among varying (sometimes conflicting) organizational powers. Our research tends...

  14. Adapting the Balanced Scorecard for Mental Health and Addictions: An Inpatient Example

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Elizabeth; Durbin, Janet

    2008-01-01

    The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is a performance-monitoring framework that originated in the business sector but has more recently been applied to health services. The province of Ontario is using the BSC approach to monitor quality of inpatient care in five service areas. Feasibility of the scorecard framework for each area has been assessed using a standard approach. This paper reports results of the feasibility study for the mental health sector, focusing on three issues: framework relevance,...

  15. A Novel Model for Optimized GSM Network Design

    CERN Document Server

    de Aguiar, Alexei Barbosa; Neto, Alvaro de Menezes S; Cunha, Ruddy P P; Pinheiro, Rebecca F

    2009-01-01

    GSM networks are very expensive. The network design process requires too many decisions in a combinatorial explosion. For this reason, the larger is the network, the harder is to achieve a totally human based optimized solution. The BSC (Base Station Control) nodes have to be geographically well allocated to reduce the transmission costs. There are decisions of association between BTS and BSC those impacts in the correct dimensioning of these BSC. The choice of BSC quantity and model capable of carrying the cumulated traffic of its affiliated BTS nodes in turn reflects on the total cost. In addition, the last component of the total cost is due to transmission for linking BSC nodes to MSC. These trunks have a major significance since the number of required E1 lines is larger than BTS to BSC link. This work presents an integer programming model and a computational tool for designing GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) networks, regarding BSS (Base Station Subsystem) with optimized cost.

  16. Balanced Scorecard adoption in Portuguese organizations: Contingent and institutional variables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Rodrigues Quesado

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In this article we aim to identify and analyze a set of contingent and institutional variables that can potentially influence the knowledge and the adoption of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC in Portuguese public and private organizations. Design/methodology/approach: Hypotheses were tested using data obtained from a questionnaire sent to 591 public organizations and 549 private organizations in Portugal, with an overall response rate of 31.3%. Findings and Originality/value: The results indicate the association between BSC knowledge and the level of training of employees, and between BSC implementation and conducting training courses. On the other hand, we did not obtain empirical evidence regarding the possible relationship between the BSC implementation and the degree of internal communication, the use of external consultants, questions of "management fads" and the search for legitimacy. Originality/value: In the literature review we did not found bibliographic elements about the contingent and institutional factors that determine the BSC adoption in Portugal, a fact that allowed us to give this study an innovative approach. Moreover, the BSC situation in Portugal has been characterized, doing a comparative study with the results of studies conducted in other countries.

  17. Installation restoration program. Feasibility study for sites 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. Michigan Air National Guard. Alpena Combat Readiness Training Center, Alpena, Michigan. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-04-01

    This study is to screen and evaluate remediation alternatives for IRP sites at Alpena CR TC, Alpena, MI. The purpose of this FS is to develop, screen, and evaluate remedial alternatives which are potentially capable of meeting the remedial action objectives (RAOs) identified for the sites at the Alpena CRTC. The first step in the PS process is to identify the RAOs and general response actions (GRAs). RAOs consist of medium-specific or site-specific goals for protecting human health and the environment. GRAs are actions that satisfy the remedial action goals. After the identification of the RAOs and the GRAs, the next step in the FS process is to identify and screen technologies. In this step, the universe of potentially applicable technology types and process options are reduced by evaluating the options with respect to technical implementability. The retained technologies are then combined to form remedial alternatives capable of meeting the RAOs applicable to a particular site. These remedial alternatives are screened based on effectiveness, implementability, and cost. The purpose of this screening is to reduce the number of alternatives that must undergo a more thorough and extensive evaluation during the detailed analysis step.

  18. Biological soil crusts on initial soils: organic carbon dynamics and chemistry under temperate climatic conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Dümig

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Numerous studies have been carried out on the community structure and diversity of biological soil crusts (BSCs as well as their important functions on ecosystem processes. However, the amount of BSC-derived organic carbon (OC input into soils and its chemical composition under natural conditions has rarely been investigated. In this study, different development stages of algae- and moss-dominated BSCs were investigated on a~natural (<17 yr old BSCs and experimental sand dune (<4 yr old BSCs in northeastern Germany. We determined the OC accumulation in BSC-layers and the BSC-derived OC input into the underlying substrates for bulk materials and fractions <63 μm. The chemical composition of OC was characterized by applying solid-state 13C NMR spectroscopy and analysis of the carbohydrate-C signature.14C contents were used to assess the origin and dynamic of OC in BSCs and underlying substrates. Our results indicated a rapid BSC establishment and development from algae- to moss-dominated BSCs within only 4 yr under this temperate climate. The distribution of BSC types was presumably controlled by the surface stability according to the position in the slope. We found no evidence that soil properties influenced the BSC distribution on both sand dunes. 14C contents clearly indicated the existence of two OC pools in BSCs and substrates, recent BSC-derived OC and lignite-derived "old" OC (biologically refractory. The input of recent BSC-derived OC strongly decreased the mean residence time of total OC. The downward translocation of OC into the underlying substrates was only found for moss-dominated BSCs at the natural sand dune which may accelerate soil formation at these spots. BSC-derived OC mainly comprised O-alkyl C (carbohydrate-C and to a lesser extent also alkyl C and N-alkyl C in varying compositions. Accumulation of alkyl C was only detected in BSCs at the experimental dune which may induce a~lower water

  19. Presence of Recurrent Airway Obstruction in a Group of Colombian Native Horses with Respiratory Symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Alejandro Castillo Franz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of recurrent airway obstruction (RAO through bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL in a group of twenty Colombian native horses with respiratory symptoms. Each animal underwent a clinical examination in order to corroborate the respiratory disturbance and later perform the BAL. The results obtained showed that 65% of the animals under study tested positive for RAO, based on the clinical and BAL results, and that, among the total number of animals that tested positive, 61.5% suffered a severe form of such condition. We also found an association between the number of neutrophils and the color of the BAL fluid, and an inverse relationship between cell cytology of macrophages and neutrophils. It is concluded that the Colombian native horse, like other horse breeds, suffers from RAO, sometimes severely, related to predisposing factors such as accommodation and stabling.

  20. Dicty_cDB: VSC358 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available complete sequence. 44 0.075 6 AW828708 |AW828708.1 ra73a06.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Meloidogyne ...incognita cDNA 5', mRNA sequence. 46 0.43 1 AW571037 |AW571037.1 ra15d12.y1 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J...Gossypium arboreum cDNA clone GA__Ea0006G06f, mRNA sequence. 46 0.43 1 AW588731 |AW588731.1 ra03h10.y2 Bird-...ponicum cDNA, mRNA sequence. 46 0.43 1 AW571277 |AW571277.1 ra16d05.y2 Bird-Rao Meloidogyne incognita J2 Mel...oidogyne incognita cDNA 5', mRNA sequence. 46 0.43 1 AW571332 |AW571332.1 ra19a06.y2 Bird