Cao, Tong; Zhang, Yuanming; Yu, Jin
According to our collections of literature, about 400 scientific papers dealing with Chinese bryophytes have been published in China and abroad during 1990’s. Among these, more than 50 % were published in different scientific journals in China and often written in Chinese with English abstract, which are not well known and assessable for foreign bryologists. Therefore, in addition to previous Chinese literature I-III (Cao et al. 1990, Li et Zhang 1993, 1994), we present the fourth part of Chi...
Molenaar, de J.G.
From a bryological point of view Greenland is not well known in detail. Unlike Siberia or Arctic America, it is not known through a few large collections, but through multitudes of mostly relatively small gatherings. In this arctic island that is almost 2000 miles long and extends from below 60° N.l
Australasian Bryological Newsletter — Although there have been already 26 issues, this journal has only now come to our attention. It appears bi-annually, in June and December, and is circulated without charge to all those interested within Australasia and overseas. Write to Mr. P.J. DALTON, Plant S
采用文献资料和逻辑分析等研究方法对中国武术尚力重心摇摆的历史变迁现象和权力架构进行研究，主要研究内容涉及武术中的尚力向度的发生学考察、尚武或抑武的风向标摇摆以及中国武术尚力重心摇摆的权力架构。研究认为：历史变迁中，中国武术尚力重心摇摆存在暴力遮蔽或解蔽的二律背反现象；科层制权力，儒、释、道的文化权利，国家权力和身体感性权力共同形塑了武术尚力摇摆的架构；儒、释、道的文化弱化了武术尚力元素，国家权力和科层制出于工具理性对武术暴力实现了褒贬、管控和征用。%In this paper ,documents ,logical analysis and other research methods were used to study the historical evolution phenome-non and power structure for force-advocating focus sway in Chinese martial arts .The main research contents involve study of em-bryology of force-advocating dimension in martial arts ,sway of barometer for martialism -advocating or martialism -despising and power structure for force-advocating focus sway in Chinese martial arts .We hold that in the historical evolution ,there existed the phenomenon of antinomy of violence concealment and revelation in force -advocating focus sway in Chinese martial arts .The bureau-cratic power ,the cultural rights of Confucianism ,Buddhism and Taoism and body sensual power together form the structure or force-advocating sway in martial arts .The culture of Confucianism ,Buddhism and Taoism has weakened the force-advocating elements of martial arts ,the state power and bureaucracy achieved judgment ,control and expropriation of violence of martial arts for instru-mental rationality .
萨如拉; 白学良; 毕庚辰; 福英
Bryological field investigations were carried out in the 6 nature reserves of Southern Greater Khingan Mountains during 2009～2012.We collected and identified approximately 1 800 specimens,then calculated and analyzed bryological composition and floristic characteristics of this area; similarity coefficient and euclidean distance of 10 mountains; the diversity index,the species richness,the evenness index and dominance index of 8 kinds of habitat.Our objectives were to provide basic data for construction and management of nature reserve.The results showed that:(1)There were a total of 330 species (including 15 varieties,2 forms and 1 subspecies) of bryophytes belonging to 134 genera and 48 families,among which there were 38 species and 1 varieties of liverworts belonging to 21 genera and 16 families and 274 species,14 varieties,2 forms and 1 subspecies of mosses belonging to 113 genera and 32 families in the 6 nature reserves of Southern Greater Khingan Mountains.(2)Reported 4 species new records of China (Grimmia longirostris Hook.,Schistidium lancifolium (Kindb.) Blom.,Bryum laevifilum Syed.,Homomallium adnatum (Hedw.) Broth.and 12 species new to this area.(3)Dominant families (e.g.Pottiaceae) in this area are adapted to arid habitats.The statistical analysis of the flora elements indicates that it has an absolutely dominant majority of north temperate elements and a proportion of East Asian elements,numbering 60.79％and 16.19％.(4)The region had the highest similarity with Northern Yanshan Mountains and Northern Greater Khingan Mountains;changes of the habitat conditions have certain effect on bryophytes diversity,which is the highest in wet soil habitat and wet rock habitat,the lowest in aquatic habitat.The study reflects that the bryoflora of Southern Greater Khingan Mountains is a transitional zone connecting North China region,North-Eastern China region,Inner Mongolia-Xinjiang region and Yinshan area; compared with Northern Yanshan Mountains and Northern
Wender, Paul A; Quiroz, Ryan V; Stevens, Matthew C
, thereby harnessing the power of chemists and computers to create new structures with desired functions that could be prepared in a simple, safe, economical, and green, if not ideal, fashion. Reported herein are examples of FOS associated with (a) molecular recognition, leading to the first designed phorbol-inspired protein kinase C regulatory ligands, the first designed bryostatin analogs, the newest bryologs, and a new family of designed kinase inhibitors, (b) target modification, leading to highly simplified but functionally competent photonucleases-molecules that cleave DNA upon photoactivation, (c) drug delivery, leading to cell penetrating molecular transporters, molecules that ferry other attached or complexed molecules across biological barriers, and (d) new reactivity-regenerating reagents in the form of functional equivalents of butatrienes, reagents that allow for back-to-back three-component cycloaddition reactions, thus achieving structural complexity and value with step-economy. While retrosynthetic analysis seeks to identify the best way to make a target, retrofunction analysis seeks to identify the best targets to make. In essence, form (structure) follows function. PMID:25742599
--- Various Authors
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