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Sample records for brussels conv-suppl to paris conv on third party liability

  1. Adoption of protocols to amend the Paris convention on third party liability in the field of nuclear energy and the Brussels convention supplementary to the Paris convention

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, S. W.; Jang, K. H.; Oh, B. J.; Song, J. M.; Jung, M. M.; Kim, H. J. [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-07-01

    To keep in line with the world-wide tendency to strengthen the nuclear third party liability system after the Chernobyl accident, the Protocols to amend the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy and the Brussels Convention Supplementary to the Paris Convention was adopted on 12 February, 2004. The most important feature of the revised Paris Convention is an increase in the nuclear operator's liability amount from 15 million SDRs to a new minimum of 700 million Euros. For the additional compensation to those provided by the domestic liability regime, the revised Brussels Supplementary Convention will maintain its basic three-tier compensation system but with significantly increased amounts(As a result the total amount to be compensated according to the three tiers will be 15 billions Euros). The protocols to amend the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy will come into force when ratified by two thirds of the Signatory States, and the protocol to amend the Brussels Convention Supplementary to the Paris Convention will come into force when ratified by all the Brussels Supplementary Convention Signatory States.

  2. Draft law concerning the agreement concluded on 22 October 1986 by the Federal Republic of Germany and the Swiss Confederation, on third party liability in the nuclear energy field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-10-06

    The bill is intented to improve the liability regime for the protection of the population of the two neighbour countries against possible transfrontier effects of nuclear facilities of the two countries. The third-party liability agreement has been signed on 22 October 1986 in Bern/Switzerland to the effect that the Swiss Confederation is regarded as having acceded to the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability. The bill in hand is to create the basis for a ratification of the agreement, in accordance with Art. 59, para 2, 1st sentence of the Basic Law.

  3. Defendants' liability for pure mental harm to third parties in Australia: still a work in progress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendelson, Danuta

    2009-10-01

    In Australia, both common and statutory law allows compensation for negligently occasioned recognised psychiatric injury, but distinguishes between pure mental harm and consequential mental harm. This column briefly discusses the concept of pure "mental harm" and the major Australian cases relating to defendants' liability to third parties for causing them pure mental harm (Jaensch v Coffey (1984) 155 CLR 549; Tame v New South Wales; Annetts v Australian Stations Pty Ltd (2002) 211 CLR 317; Sullivan v Moody (2001) 207 CLR 562; and Gifford v Strang Patrick Stevedoring Pty Ltd (2003) 214 CLR 269). The analysis focuses on judicial approaches to determining liability in these cases, especially causation. Lack of guiding principles and precise tests for attribution of liability are illustrated by Kemp v Lyell McEwin Health Service (2006) 96 SASR 192. This case is analysed first in the context of common law, and then in the light of the reform legislation contained in the Civil Liability Act 1936 (SA) and similar provisions in other jurisdictions.

  4. Review on the Liability for Failure to Perform Duty of Safety Protection---Analysis of Categories of Liabilities in Case of the Third Party Involved%安全保障义务责任的断裂与缝合--第三人介入情形的责任类型分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晶晶

    2014-01-01

    《侵权责任法》明确了安全保障义务的侵权法地位,并确立了第三人介入情形下安全保障义务人的补充责任。补充责任将安全保障义务人置于赔偿次位具有其独特的含义,但其也存在与侵权法原理、两大法系及司法操作的不协调。《合同法》安全保障义务人违约责任的直接责任性质进一步凸显了安全保障义务人补充责任的突兀,但两者也有诸多衔接的可能性。废除补充责任是可能的选项之一。在目前立法背景下,类型化第三人介入情形下违反安全保障义务时义务人的责任,实现违约责任与侵权责任的同时请求;或者是通过对安全保障义务补充责任的再解释,弥合两者之间的裂缝,亦是可行的方法。%In accordance with the Tort Law , the duty of safety protection is specified and where a third party is involved as tortfeasor ,the duty-holder of safety protection should assume the corresponding comple-mentary liability .Such complementary liability has its distinct effects though it is incompatible with tort law principles in the common law system and the continental law system as well as judicial practice .Since the Con-tract Law has imposed a direct Liability for breach of contract on duty -holders of safety protection , which makes the complementary tortious liability more awkward .But there are possible ways to coordinate these two liabilities and one of alternatives is to abolish the complementary liability ,Considering the current legislation ,it is suggested to categorize the liabilities of duty -holders of safety protection in case of the third party ’ s in-volvement in the tortfeasance ,so that the tortious liability and liability for breach of contract can be claimed simultaneously .Or the complementary liability for failure to perform duty of safety protection should be reinter-preted so as to coordinate the tortious liability and liability for breach of contract .

  5. Do you understand your risk? Liability and third-party evaluations in civil litigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, Liza H; Davidson, John E

    2007-01-01

    Many psychiatrists believe that there is little or no liability associated with conducting examinations at the request of a third party or with providing testimony in civil litigation. Case law has demonstrated otherwise. Psychiatrists conducting independent medical examinations (IMEs) may be vulnerable to tort lawsuits by either the evaluee or the third party who commissions the IME. In addition, breaches of legal or ethical conduct can lead to disciplinary action by state medical boards and professional organizations. Although immunity for certain types of forensic activities is available, such immunity is qualified and may not be applicable to evaluations and related testimony conducted for third parties. Understanding the liability associated with third-party evaluations will assist psychiatrists in minimizing their exposure.

  6. Revisiting impulsivity in suicide: implications for civil liability of third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, April R; Witte, Tracy K; Teale, Nadia E; King, Sarah L; Bender, Ted W; Joiner, Thomas E

    2008-01-01

    Previous research and popular conceptualizations of suicide have posited that many suicides are the result of impulsive, "on a whim" decisions. However, recent research demonstrates that most suicides are not attempted impulsively, and in fact involve a plan. Legally, suicide has historically been considered to be a superseding intervening cause of death that exonerates other parties from liability, but currently there are two general exceptions to this view. Specifically, another party may be found responsible for a suicide if that party either caused the suicide or failed in its duty to prevent the suicide from occurring. Both of these exceptions assume that the resulting suicide was foreseeable. Given that recent research has indicated that most suicides are planned, and thereby foreseeable to a certain extent under many circumstances, this article discusses issues of foreseeability as they pertain to litigation involving third party liability for the suicide of university students, prison inmates, and mental health patients. The authors contend that the surest way for universities, prison staff, and mental health practitioners to avoid being held liable for a suicide is to appropriately assess for suicidal intent.

  7. Torts Liability for Strike Action and Third Party Rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raday, Frances

    1979-01-01

    Studies the nature of the torts liability incurred in strikes and the extent of existing immunities bestowed on strikers and their organizers, and explores the principles that should govern liability and immunity. Available from Israel Law Review Association, c/o Faculty of Law, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus, P.O.B. 24100, Jerusalem…

  8. Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Programs; Medicaid Managed Care, CHIP Delivered in Managed Care, and Revisions Related to Third Party Liability. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-01

    This final rule modernizes the Medicaid managed care regulations to reflect changes in the usage of managed care delivery systems. The final rule aligns, where feasible, many of the rules governing Medicaid managed care with those of other major sources of coverage, including coverage through Qualified Health Plans and Medicare Advantage plans; implements statutory provisions; strengthens actuarial soundness payment provisions to promote the accountability of Medicaid managed care program rates; and promotes the quality of care and strengthens efforts to reform delivery systems that serve Medicaid and CHIP beneficiaries. It also ensures appropriate beneficiary protections and enhances policies related to program integrity. This final rule also implements provisions of the Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 (CHIPRA) and addresses third party liability for trauma codes.

  9. 第三方物流仓储的法律责任研究%Study on Legal Liabilities in Third Party Logistics Warehousing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨立杰

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we studied the background and significance of third party logistics warehousing as well as its legal relationship and the types of its legal liabilities.%主要从第三方仓储的背景和意义,以及其法律关系和法律责任的类型等方面进行了讨论,以对第三方物流仓储的法律责任提供一些借鉴.

  10. Aspects concerning the lengths of the excluded shareholder’s liability towards third parties in the case of limited liability companies in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Stoican

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the current context of reinventing the trading company law, at the end of a lengthy and extremely difficult economic crisis, when every participant in the economic life tried to find their own way to adapt and make their activity survive the new social and commercial realities, not few were the cases when some of the Shareholders were excluded and their liability was drawn onto the legal person itself. Nevertheless, there is a type of legal liability of the former Shareholders, excluded from the Company, that still is quite deficiently regulated and, despite the sound argumentation and comprehensive regulation of Law no. 31/1990, it fails to provide a clear and detailed explanation of the consequences, namely, of the consequences the exclusion of a Shareholder has over the Third Parties of good-faith that the legal person (the Company had or continues to have legal relations with. This paper thus aims at analysing one of the main effects of excluding Shareholders from the company, namely the extent of their liability towards the Third Parties, and it is structured in five parts, as follows: 1 Introduction, 2 About the Shareholders’ exclusion, 3 The effects of excluding a Shareholder from the Limited Liability Company, 4 The excluded Shareholder’s liability towards the Third Parties and 5 Conclusions.

  11. Third party liability of nuclear installation decommissioning with Russian nuclear submarines as an example: insurance versus technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gavrilov, S.D. [PREKSAT Ltd., Moscow (Russian Federation); Derevyankin, A.A. [Reseaarch and Development Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering, Moscow (Russian Federation); Khamyanov, L.P. [All-Russian Research Institute on NPP Operation, Moscow (Russian Federation); Kovalenko, V.N. [Ministry for Nuclear Energy Of Russian, Moscow (Russian Federation); Kovalivich, O.M. [Research and Technological Center for Nuclear and Radiation Safety of Supervisory, Nuclear Energy State Commitee of Russia, Moscow (Russian Federation); Smirnov, P.L. [Nuclear Safety Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2001-07-01

    Third party and environment of civil liability damage caused by incidents at military nuclear installations, for instance at decommissioned NPS (nuclear powered submarines), may be divided into three main trends: -) Liability of NPS without high-enriched irradiated nuclear fuel (SNF) for its self-submersion (radiation incident); -) Liability of NPS with SNF aboard for its self-submersion (radiation incident); and -) Liability of floating NPS for its SNF discharge (nuclear accident). Without step-by-step transition from the Russian Federation guaranties to insurance and making allowance for liability limits according to the Vienna Convention approach, the sizes of the financial guarantee for the civil liability of the NPS owner (Russian state), in US dollars of 2000, are approximately assessed as the following: -) storing decommissioned NPS or a floating module without SNF - from 12 to 25 thousand dollars per year (per one submarine or module); -) storing decommissioned NPS with SNF inside reactors cores - from 25 to 40 thousand dollars per year; -) assembly-by-assembly removing SNF from reactors' core of decommissioned NPS - up to 1.5 million dollars for undamaged reactor per the discharging period; -) SNF removing within reactor using the filled in-space reactor's core by liquid-phased hardened or dispersed solid-phase materials from decommissioned NPS - from 30 to 50 thousand dollars for undamaged reactor per the discharging period. Both rates and sums for NPS with damaged reactors are to be estimated for the each damaged reactor and NPS at all. It is necessary to perform the measures reducing the risk of nuclear accidents of NPS with undamaged SNF and NPS with damaged reactors in possibly short time. It will allow not only to cut risks by ten times and more, but also to accumulate necessary insurance reserves faster. These measures can be partially or completely executed using the preventing measures reserves assigned to all decommissioned Russian NPS

  12. 14 CFR 440.19 - United States payment of excess third-party liability claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... insurance required under § 440.9(b); and (2) Is not more than $1,500,000,000 (as adjusted for inflation... payable under 49 U.S.C. 70113 from the first dollar of loss up to $1,500,000,000 (as adjusted for inflation occurring after January 1, 1989). (e) Payment by the United States of excess third-party...

  13. 24 CFR 401.500 - Required notices to third parties and meeting with third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... third parties and meeting with third parties. (a) General. The PAE must solicit, and document the...) and (f) of this section, in form and substance acceptable to HUD, must be provided. The PAE may... Project Number; (ii) The responsible PAE and contact person, including the address and telephone...

  14. 无权代理人对第三人的责任--以功能论为视角%On the Non-Authorized Agent’ s Liability for the Third Party:from the Perspective of Functionalism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵申豪

    2015-01-01

    无权代理未获被代理人追认、且不构成表见代理时,为保护善意第三人利益,我国《民法通则》和《合同法》规定“由行为人承担民事责任”。但该责任的性质、内容及范围,现行法均未明确。通说认为,该责任是一种以无过错责任原则、履行利益为特征的特别责任,但从功能论视角分析,兼顾概念逻辑之周延,该责任应适用过错责任原则,赔偿范围也限于信赖利益。%Non-Authorized Agent should bear civil liability for the third party according to Principles of the Civil Law and Contract Law when his conduct is not admitted.But for the nature, content and scope of the responsibility, the current law has not specified.Although the mainstream theory thinks it is a non-fault lia-bility which is limited to performance benefit, from the perspective of functionalism, it is applicable to the principle of liability for fault and the scope is limited to reliance interest, not performance benefit.

  15. Experimental Evaluation of the Efficiency of the Third Party Joint and Several Liability in the Polish VAT System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Gut

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents research results, indicating, that VAT third party joint and several liability in an efficient antifraud element of the Polish VAT system. As the experimental verification of joint and several responsibility proves, there are situations, in which the VAT fraud is possible when this element of the VAT system is not applied, and is not possible any more when the element is applied, which indicates the efficiency of thereof and proves the hypothesis of the present article.

  16. 26 CFR 31.3505-1 - Liability of third parties paying or providing for wages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Federal Insurance Contributions Act), section 3202 (relating to deduction of tax from compensation under... liability by appropriate civil proceedings commenced within 10 years after assessment of the tax against the... section does not relieve the employer of the responsibilities imposed upon him to file the returns...

  17. 77 FR 31086 - Requirements Pertaining to Third Party Conformity Assessment Bodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... Docket No. CPSC-2012-0026] Requirements Pertaining to Third Party Conformity Assessment Bodies AGENCY... the requirements pertaining to the third party conformity assessment bodies (or ``laboratories'') that... proposed rule would establish the general requirements concerning third party conformity assessment...

  18. Distribution of Liability for Damage to Marine Environment Caused by Third-Party Fault%第三人过错所致海洋环境损害的责任承担

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏元军

    2013-01-01

      有关第三人过错所致海洋环境损害的责任承担,我国现行立法规定了三种模式,不同模式所体现的归责原则有所不同,体现严格责任原则的《侵权责任法》第68条的规定是最佳模式选择。为保护海洋污染受害人的利益,《海洋环境保护法》第90条第1款在被修改之前,可参照美国立法和判例作严格解释。%  With respect to the distribution of liability for damage to marine environment caused by the third‐party fault ,there are three modes of legislation within the present Chinese law .Different modes em‐body different principles of imputation .The provisions of Article 68 of the Tort L iability L aw indicate principle of strict liability is the best pattern choice .In order to protect the interests of victims of marine pollution ,Article 90 ,Section 1 of the M arine Environmental Protection L aw should be strictly interpreted with reference to the law and precedent of the U .S .A before its amendment .

  19. Profitability, third-party reimbursement, and access to community pharmacies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, N V; Miederhoff, P A; Waters, L W

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the extent to which third-party reimbursement programs have affected the profitability and availability of community pharmacies. Data were taken from records maintained by the Virginia Board of Pharmacy and a survey of 177 community pharmacies. Between 1989 and 1994, 258 outpatient pharmacies opened and 342 closed. Chain and independent pharmacies suffered net losses, and supermarket and mass merchandiser pharmacies experienced net increases. Few significant changes occurred in the distribution of pharmacies over the study period. Fifty-nine chain and independent pharmacies and 1 supermarket pharmacy chain provided usable profit and reimbursement data. These pharmacies experienced declines in profits and increases in the percentage of prescriptions reimbursed by private third-party prescription programs over the last several years. Regression analyses indicated that higher ratios of sales of private third-party prescriptions to private-pay prescriptions were associated with lower profits. All respondents indicated that changes in private third-party reimbursement had substantially reduced profits over the past 5 years. The results indicate that the growth of private third-party payment has led to lower pharmacy profits but has not yet resulted in problems of consumer access.

  20. The effects of third-party validation and minimization on judgments of the transgressor and the third party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eaton, Judy

    2013-06-01

    Victims of interpersonal transgressions often turn to friends, family, and trusted others when trying to make sense of negative events. This research explored the effect of two of the many ways that these informal third parties can respond: validating the victim's experience, and downplaying or minimizing the transgression. Two studies found that validation from a third party increases revenge motivations and that minimization of the transgression is more effective than validation at reducing revenge motivations. However, results also indicated that victims judge third parties more positively if they validate rather than minimize the transgression. These findings suggest that, when choosing between validation and minimization, third parties must make a choice between promoting forgiveness and promoting themselves.

  1. 第三方物流经营人民事法律责任概述%Summary of Civil Liabilities of Third Party Logistics Operators

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴坤埔

    2014-01-01

    对第三方物流经营人的含义、法律地位与责任形式进行了界定,讨论了《合同法》中关于第三方物流经营人对委托方法律责任的认定及其异同,最后对第三方物流经营人对实际物流经营人的追偿问题进行了讨论。%In this paper, we defined the connotation, legal status and liability form of the third party logistics operator, discussed the recognition of the liability against it in favor of the clients in the Contract Law, and at the end, studied the issues in the damage recovery of the third party logistics operator against the logistics activity providers.

  2. Keys to effective third-party process safety audits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birkmire, John C; Lay, James R; McMahon, Mona C

    2007-04-11

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) Process Safety Management (PSM) regulation was promulgated in 1992. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) corresponding Risk Management Program (RMP) rule followed in 1996. Both programs include requirements for triennial compliance audits. Effective compliance audits are critical in identifying program weaknesses and ensuring the safety of facility personnel and the surrounding public. Large companies with corporate and facility health, safety, and environmental groups typically have the resources and experience to conduct audits internally, either through a corporate audit team or the sharing of personnel between multiple facilities. Small to medium sized businesses frequently do not have the expertise or the resources to perform compliance audits, and rely on third-party consultants to provide these services. This paper will discuss the observations of the authors in performing audits and working with PSM/RMP programs across a number of market sectors (e.g. chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, food and beverage, water treatment), including effective practices, hurdles to successful implementation and execution of programs, and typical program shortcomings. The paper will also discuss steps to improve the audit process and increase effectiveness whether performed by a third party or internally.

  3. Here to Help: Third Party Deterrence Against Insurgent Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-22

    However, for a large portion of the group , and those in the populace who support the group , actions by the partner state government to address...committed to the propagation of the Prophet’s teachings and jihad. 39 fiercely committed to the extremist Islamic ideology of the group , Abubakar Shekau...Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited Here to Help: Third Party Deterrence Against Insurgent Groups A Monograph by MAJ Geoffrey

  4. Study on VMI Inventory Control Mode based on the Third-Party Logistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haoxiong Yang

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Adding the third party logistics enterprises between the suppliers and the retailers is a kind of the development of VMI mode, in this mode; inventory pressure is transferred to the third party logistics enterprise. In view of this situation, the VMI inventory control model which treats total inventory control costs as the objective function is built based on from four dimensions: the inventory holding costs, the fixed delivery costs, replenishment costs and customer waiting costs. After solving the model and sensitivity analyzing related parameters, it can be inferred that related parameters in the VMI model of the introduction of the third party logistics have effects on inventory control costs.

  5. Liability for damage caused by terrorist attacks; Haftung fuer Terrorismusschaeden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heller, W.

    2004-10-01

    After the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, one of the questions raised was about the potential liability of the operator of a nuclear power plant for damage sustained by a third party as a result of a comparable terrorist attack on a nuclear power plant. Internationally, this situation is regulated by the Convention on Third-Party Liability in Nuclear Power, the so-called Paris Liability Convention, of 1960, 1964, 1982. Among other things, that Convention excludes liability in cases directly resulting form 'actions of armed conflict..'. The problem arises, among other things, from the absence of an internationally acknowledged definition of terrorism or terrorist attack, and from the idea that, according to the Paris Convention, the legal entities assumed to be involved in such actions are states and weapons. National and international agreements and laws about the liability of the operator of nuclear facility for damage to third parties as a result of terrorist actions are analyzed and discussed. (orig.)

  6. 78 FR 15835 - Requirements Pertaining to Third Party Conformity Assessment Bodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-12

    ... Pertaining to Third Party Conformity Assessment Bodies; Final Rule #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 48... 1112 and 1118 Requirements Pertaining to Third Party Conformity Assessment Bodies AGENCY: Consumer..., Commission, or we) is issuing a final rule establishing requirements pertaining to the third party...

  7. Third-party cooperation: How reducing material involvement enhances contributions to the public good

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Losecaat Vermeer, A.B.; Heerema, R.L.; Sanfey, A.G.

    2016-01-01

    Decisions to cooperate are often delegated to a third party. We examined whether cooperation differs when decisions are made for a third party compared with ourselves and specified which motives are important for third-party cooperation. Participants played multiple rounds of a public goods game (PG

  8. The effect of altruistic tendency on fairness in third-party punishment

    OpenAIRE

    Lu eSun; Peishan eTan; You eCheng; Jingwei eChen; Chen eQu

    2015-01-01

    Third-party punishment, as an altruistic behavior, was found to relate to inequity aversion in previous research. However, not all people show altruistic third party punishment, previous research found that altruistic tendency, as an individual difference, affects resource division. Here, using the ERP technique and a third party punishment of dictator game paradigm, we explored third-party punishments in high and low altruists and recorded their EEG data. Behavioral results showed high altru...

  9. Persecution by third parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, Ben; Spijkerboer, Thomas; Zwaan, Karin; Fernhout, Roel

    1998-01-01

    As a large number of the present day asylum claims concern situations of civil war or of a break down of (central) governmental authority the issue of persecution by third parties is of great importance. Although the main characteristics of the different positions are clear, precise information abou

  10. 浅析如何对第三方物流进行有效管控%Analysis on How to Effectively Control the Third Party Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李加祥; 汪涛; 付杰; 圣月红

    2016-01-01

    第三方物流公司监管,是根据需求方的要求及标准进行物流操作,发展第三方物流监管是一项系统工程,仅靠物流企业自身的努力是远远不够的,需要主机厂对第三方物流公司的合理规划、统一的管理和现代化技术的合作引用,使第三方物流企业在良好的环境健康的成长。%Third party logistics company supervision,according to the demand side of the requirements and standards of logistics operation and supervision of third-party logistics development is a systematic project,relying on logistics enterprise's own efforts is far from enough,requiring a host plant for the third party logistics company planning,unified management and modern technology cooperation references,the third party logistics enterprises in the good environment for the healthy growth.

  11. The third-party regulation on food safety in China:A review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Man; QIAO Hui; WANG Xu; PU Ming-zhe; YU Zhi-jun; ZHENG Feng-tian

    2015-01-01

    Stakeholders in the ifeld of food safety management in China can be classiifed into three categories, government, food producers (farmers and enterprises), and the third-party regulatory bodies. The third-party regulation has experienced rapid development in past twenty years, and recently received considerable attention from consumers and the central government. This paper provides a review about the development, problems and future trend of the third-party regulation on food safety in China. To be speciifc, ifve forms of the third-party regulation are assessed, including media exposure, the third-party certiifcation, regulation by consumer associations, social movements promoted by non-governmental organiza-tions (NGOs), and regulation by industry associations. The study concludes that media and consumer associations are the major players in the third-party regulation and are highly repudiated among customers. The food certiifcation industry has developed rapidly, but is now facing crises of conifdence among consumers because of its lack of self-regulation. NGOs and industry associations stil remain in the early development stages of food safety management, and therefore, are of little importance in current regulatory bodies.

  12. The effect of altruistic tendency on fairness in third-party punishment

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Lu; Tan, Peishan; CHENG, YOU; Chen, Jingwei; Chen QU

    2015-01-01

    Third-party punishment, as an altruistic behavior, was found to relate to inequity aversion in previous research. Previous researchers have found that altruistic tendencies, as an individual difference, can affect resource division. Here, using the event-related potential (ERP) technique and a third-party punishment of dictator game paradigm, we explored third-party punishments in high and low altruists and recorded their EEG data. Behavioral results showed high altruists (vs. low altruists) ...

  13. 论责任保险第三人直接请求权在我国的确立%On Establishment of Direct Claim Right of the Third Party in Liability Insurance in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许硕

    2011-01-01

    责任保险是指以被保险人的民事损害赔偿责任作为保险标的的保险,它具有保护被保险人和受害第三人的双重功能。经过多年发展,我国的责任保险制度取得了长足的进步,但第三人直接请求权却一直未被明确承认。本文对责任保险第三人直接请求权的性质、立法现状及其可行性进行了探讨,并提出了相应的立法建议。%As a special kind of insurance that regarding insurant's civil liability as insurant, liability insurance has double functions which are protecting insurant and victim. Along with years of development, the system of liability insurance in our country has

  14. 第三人过错不应作为环境污染民事责任的抗辩事由%Fault of the Third Party should not Be the Civil Liability Defenses of Environmental Pollution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭本利

    2012-01-01

    That this article first analyzes the fault of a third person is the defenses of the tort cases of fault liability. Then it comprehensively reviews the evolution of the fault of a third person's position in China's environmental legislation, and for theoretical arguments about whether the fault of a third party is the defenses in civil liability for environmental pollution. It proposed that in any subsequent revision of China "marine environmental protection law" and "water pollution control act," and even the development of specialized environmental tort liability act, we should clearly define the fault of a third person, which are not the defenses in all areas of environmental pollution, while we also need to set up the mechanism of investigating the civil liability for fault of a third party leading to the environmental pollution and set up a social relief mechanism.%本文分析了第三人过错是过错责任侵权案件的抗辩事由,全面梳理了第三人过错在我国环境立法中的地位演变,并就第三人过错是否为环境污染民事责任抗辩事由的理论争议进行了深入的述评。提出在以后修改《海洋环境保护法》及《水污染防治法》,甚至制定专门的环境侵权责任法时,除了明确规定在所有环境污染领域第三人过错都不是抗辩事由外,还需合理地设置第三人过错污染环境民事责任的追究机制和社会化救济机制。

  15. Chernobylsk: twenty years later, the international system of nuclear civil liability; Tchernobyl: 20 ans apres, le systeme international de responsabilite civile nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lahorgue, M.B. [Poitiers Univ., 86 (France)

    2006-06-15

    The International system of nuclear civil liability is based on two international treaties: the Paris convention (24.07.1960) and the Brussels convention (31.01.1963), with a time limit for ratification in each concerned country at 30.10.1968. The Paris convention treats compensation and transfrontier problems, the amount of compensation is limited, the Brussels convention specifies the financial system of compensation. The Vienna system under the IAEA auspices gives minimal norms of financial protection against damages and stood in may 1963 thirty three parties signed it. Hungary, Poland, Lithuania, Romania, Armenia, czech republic, Estonia, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Latvia, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldavia have joined the Vienna convention, then the Russian Federation that had signed the Convention in 1996 became member in august 2005. New elements appear such measures of remedial action or measures of prevention of reduction of nuclear damages are included, the new protocol increases the geographical area by taking into account the maritime areas because of the evolution of the international sea law. The transport needs specific contracts between parties, the only case of exoneration is the armed conflicts, civil war, insurrection. The time of loss of right comes from ten years to thirty years, for deaths and body damages, the others types of damages stay fixed at ten years. The most important revision is about the limit financial amount for the nuclear operator that is increased and the calculation of methods of funding for each contracting party is tackled. In fact it appears that more important funds will be available to make compensation for a more important number of victims. The revised system guarantees that the liability chain will never be broken. (N.C.)

  16. The Effect of Differing Third Party Roles and Behaviors on Conciliatory and Retaliatory Negotiator Behavior Involved in a Simulated Intergroup Conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, W. Frank; And Others

    Little experimental research exists concerning third party mediation. Possible dimensions for study are type of control, including outcome control (of the third party over negotiation outcomes) and process control (third party influence on the negotiation process); and type of intervention, i.e., process or issue oriented interventions. To examine…

  17. CIVIL LIABILITY FOR NUCLEAR DAMAGE: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Rimšaitė

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available It was widely accepted that nuclear damage might be extensive and spread to other countries. International civil liability for nuclear damage is embodied by two major instruments: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA 1963 Vienna Convention on Civil liability for Nuclear Damage and Paris Convention of 1960 on third party liability (OECD with its amending protocols. Major problem arises because of lack of coherence and for this reason supplementary conventions and protocols has been adopted but sufficient results has not been achieved. International treaties on civil liability for nuclear damage are mostly based upon principles of operator’s exclusive, channeling, strict liability for nuclear damage, mandatory financial coverage, compensation without discrimination. These principles set ground for the appropriate compensation standard thus minimizing the difficulty level of complicated legal cross-actions and identifies certain subjects in individual cases who are liable also allows a concentration of the insurance capacity. Although Conventions sets similar principles, Europe remains in two different liability regimes which cover differences of liability amounts, scope of application, rules of jurisdiction conflicts. Problem of legal coherence at European Union level also arises because Member States are either parties to the Paris Convention or Vienna Convention at different speeds. This research paper provides an in-depth analysis of international legal framework development and impetus to create trans-boundary compensation mechanisms thus to foster development of European Union nuclear energy market and to provide higher protection for victims inside and outside the country where the incident has occurred. Purpose – provide comparative analysis of international treaties which regulate civil liability for nuclear damage in the context of European Union nuclear energy market development. Design/methodology - paper is based on document

  18. Third-party Reverse logistics platform and method Based on Bilateral Resource Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng Hong Zhen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dispersion of reverse logistics resources makes it difficult to create relationships between demanders and providers, thereby the personalized demand for the construction of enterprise reverse logistics cannot be satisfied and the service quality cannot be guaranteed. Aiming at these problems, this paper presents a platform and method of enterprise reverse logistics based on bilateral resource integration (RLBRI. The method creates a third-party reverse logistics platform to accumulate a mass of reverse logistics demanders and providers together. And the platform integrates bilateral resources and acts as an intermediary to establish relationships between two sides. Through the platform, a complete and high-quality business chain for enterprise reverse logistics will be built efficiently. Finally put forward an effective strategy of non-defective reverse logistics depends on the integrity checking service provided by third-party logistics. By using this strategy it can short the distance of non-defective reverse transportation. Computational tests validate the strategy.

  19. To Defer or To Stand Up? How Offender Formidability Affects Third Party Moral Outrage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Holm; Petersen, Michael Bang

    2011-01-01

    According to models of animal behavior, the relative formidability of conspecifics determines the utility of deferring versus aggressing in situations of conflict. Here we apply and extend these models by investigating how the formidability of exploiters shapes third party moral outrage in humans...

  20. First Mid-Session of Third High-Level China-France Forum On Local Government Cooperation Held in Paris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xing; Shuhua

    2013-01-01

    <正>Cooperation on environment protection between China and France at the local government level received a further boost from a meeting between Beijing and Paris last December to consider development of environmentally friendly buildings and

  1. Capuchin Monkeys Judge Third-Party Reciprocity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, James R.; Takimoto, Ayaka; Kuroshima, Hika; Fujita, Kazuo

    2013-01-01

    Increasing interest is being shown in how children develop an understanding of reciprocity in social exchanges and fairness in resource distribution, including social exchanges between third parties. Although there are descriptions of reciprocity on a one-to-one basis in other species, whether nonhumans detect reciprocity and violations of…

  2. The Legislation of the Executive’ s Civil Liability for the Third Party%论董事对第三人民事责任之立法--以食品安全事故为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王燕莉

    2014-01-01

    As the result of the legislation of the corporate social responsibility, the executive must bear legal liability for the third party. As the incidents of the food security taking place frequently at pres-ent, it’s necessary and feasible that the executive must bear civil compensation liability for the consumer. At the same time reasonable legislation is needed.%在公司社会责任的立法背景下,董事也应承担对第三人的责任。在食品安全事故频发的当下中国社会,董事对消费者承担民事赔偿责任不仅是必要的,也是可行的,同时必须进行合理立法。

  3. Civil liability and nuclear coverage: synthesis report; Responsabilite civile et coverture nucleaires. Rapport du Groupe de Travail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    The report has been written considering the advanced work which has been done by the Expert Committee, sponsored by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, having the purpose to examine the modifications issued in course of Vienna Convention as well as the Paris convention and the complementary Brussels Convention, in view to adapt the legislation to the actual context and to answer the populations expectations. The work has been organized in three majors chapters: the first one in concerned to the damage definition, proposition to the to reach the environment, the prevention and charges. the research and military installations are also considered. The second chapter has been dedicated to the civil responsibility, its limits, financing modes, the national and international legal competence besides the litigation charges due to the nuclear accidents born on the occasion. In the third chapter the insurance considering the damage nature, the capacity to assure liability coverage and the damage management are harmonized.

  4. 22 CFR 505.10 - Disclosure to third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... your prior consent, except as provided for in the following paragraphs: (a) Medical records. May be disclosed to a doctor or other medical practitioner, named by you, as prescribed in Sec. 505.6. (b... to the National Archives. For the preservation of records of historical value, according to 44...

  5. 76 FR 22608 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Clothing Textiles: Revisions to Terms of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-22

    ... COMMISSION 16 CFR Part 1610 Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Clothing Textiles: Revisions... are taking this action in response to a request from certain members of the clothing textile industry to reduce unnecessary retesting of clothing textiles that have been tested already and found to be...

  6. Third Party Collections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    June 2008 Advisors: K. J. Euske N. Thibodeau B. Jones Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. THIS PAGE...K. J. Euske, Lead Advisor _____________________________________ N. Thibodeau , Support Advisor...to my project advisors, Professor Kenneth Euske, Professor Nicole Thibodeau and Professor Becky Jones for their support on this project. Their

  7. Conflict or Concert? Extending the Simmelian Triad to Account for Positive Third Party Presence in Face-to-Face Interviews with People Living with Parkinson’s Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Low

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A number of sociologists and other researchers have focused on the role of third parties since Simmel’s seminal conceptualization of the social organization of the triad. However, less attention has been given to third party presence in qualitative interviews, despite the fact that third party participation in interviews with people with chronic illness and/or disability occurs frequently. Here too it is assumed that third party presence promotes conflict, ignoring the role of third parties as facilitators who enable informants to articulate their perspectives. Therefore, I focus on Simmel’s concept of the triad, concluding that the role of facilitator must be added to the types he describes.

  8. The effect of third-party payers on the clinical decision making of physical therapists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uili, R M; Wood, R

    1995-04-01

    According to Freidson, third-party payers have eroded the political and economic authority of medicine. To what extent is this also true for alternative practitioners such as physical therapists? The effect of Medicare's restrictive guidelines on physical therapy practice in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) is examined. SNF physical therapists in Connecticut were surveyed (response rate 99%) using a mixture of open-ended and fixed-alternative responses. Results indicate that SNF physical therapists recognize Medicare criteria and view them as important. Twenty-five to 33% of SNF therapists recommend care based on the guidelines. Younger therapists, therapists with fewer years in the field, and contract therapists are more greatly influenced by the guidelines than older, more experienced, staff therapists (P < 0.08). Those who recommend care based on the guidelines may do so because of possible nonpayment for services already rendered, or because they fear loss of their positions. The majority of Connecticut SNF patients who qualify do receive therapy and Medicare coverage. Therapists may use their knowledge of the guidelines to secure services for their patients, or SNFs may be selecting patients that have the best chances for recovery. Like physicians, SNF physical therapists are under pressure from third-party payers to economize and rationalize, but most continue to secure services for their patients.

  9. Multinationals' accountability on sustainability: the evolution of third-party assurance of sustainability reports

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Perego; A. Kolk

    2012-01-01

    In this article we explore how multinational corporations (MNCs) adopt assurance practices to develop and sustain organizational accountability for sustainability. Using a panel of Fortune Global 250 firms over a period of 10 years, we document the diffusion patterns of third-party assurance of sust

  10. The effect of altruistic tendency on fairness in third-party punishment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu eSun

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Third-party punishment, as an altruistic behavior, was found to relate to inequity aversion in previous research. However, not all people show altruistic third party punishment, previous research found that altruistic tendency, as an individual difference, affects resource division. Here, using the ERP technique and a third party punishment of dictator game paradigm, we explored third-party punishments in high and low altruists and recorded their EEG data. Behavioral results showed high altruists (vs. low altruists were more likely to punish the dictators in unfair offers. ERP results revealed that patterns of MFN were modulated by unfairness. For high altruists, high unfair offers (90:10 elicited a larger MFN than medium unfair offers (70:30 and fair offers (50:50. By contrast, for low altruists, fair offers elicited larger MFN while high unfair offers caused the minimal MFN. It is suggested that the altruistic tendency effect influences fairness consideration in the early stage of evaluation. Moreover, the results provide further neuroscience evidence for inequity aversion.

  11. Role of Third Party Logistics Providers with Advanced it to Increase Customer Satisfaction in Supply Chain Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaryab Sheikh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main area of change in organizational strategy is the extensive use of third party logistics providers who are using advanced information technology tools and integration of supply chain to enhance customer satisfaction. By outsourcing the logistics operations, companies can focus on their core competencies and other important areas of organization which can’t be outsourced. The analysis of this paper is conducted by discussing different concepts of supply chain integration, customer satisfaction, advanced information technology and third party logistics providers, and their impact on customer satisfaction with theoretical framework. An analytical model is also presented.

  12. The impact of payer-specific hospital case mix on hospital costs and revenues for third-party patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Keon-Hyung; Roh, M P H Chul-Young

    2007-02-01

    Competition among hospitals and managed care have forced hospital industry to be more efficient. With higher degrees of hospital competition and managed care penetration, hospitals have argued that the rate of increase in hospital cost is greater than the rate of increase in hospital revenue. By developing a payer-specific case mix index (CMI) for third-party patients, this paper examined the effect of hospital case mix on hospital cost and revenue for third-party patients in California using the hospital financial and utilization data covering 1986-1998. This study found that the coefficients for CMIs in the third-party hospital revenue model were greater than those in the hospital cost model until 1995. Since 1995, however, the coefficients for CMIs in the third-party hospital revenue model have been less than those in hospital cost models. Over time, the differences in coefficients for CMIs in hospital revenue and cost models for third-party patients have become smaller and smaller although those differences are statistically insignificant.

  13. 77 FR 448 - Changes To Implement the Preissuance Submissions by Third Parties Provision of the Leahy-Smith...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    ... publications considered by the examiner in a third-party preissuance submission on the face of the patent... designed to promote innovation; (8) considered approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and... increase in costs or prices, or significant adverse effects on competition, employment,...

  14. On the Foundations of the Brussels Operational-Realistic Approach to Cognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diederik eAerts

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The scientific community is becoming more and more interested in the research that applies the mathematical formalism of quantum theory to model human decision-making. In this paper, we provide the theoretical foundations of the quantum approach to cognition that we developed in Brussels. These foundations rest on the results of two decade studies on the axiomatic and operational-realistic approaches to the foundations of quantum physics. The deep analogies between the foundations of physics and cognition lead us to investigate the validity of quantum theory as a general and unitary framework for cognitive processes, and the empirical success of the Hilbert space models derived by such investigation provides a strong theoretical confirmation of this validity. However, two situations in the cognitive realm, `question order effects' and `response replicability', indicate that even the Hilbert space framework could be insufficient to reproduce the collected data. This does not mean that the mentioned operational-realistic approach would be incorrect, but simply that a larger class of measurements would be in force in human cognition, so that an extended quantum formalism may be needed to deal with all of them. As we will explain, the recently derived `extended Bloch representation' of quantum theory (and the associated `general tension-reduction' model precisely provides such extended formalism, while remaining within the same unitary interpretative framework.

  15. On the Foundations of the Brussels Operational-Realistic Approach to Cognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aerts, Diederik; Sassoli de Bianchi, Massimiliano; Sozzo, Sandro

    2016-05-01

    The scientific community is becoming more and more interested in the research that applies the mathematical formalism of quantum theory to model human decision-making. In this paper, we provide the theoretical foundations of the quantum approach to cognition that we developed in Brussels. These foundations rest on the results of two decade studies on the axiomatic and operational-realistic approaches to the foundations of quantum physics. The deep analogies between the foundations of physics and cognition lead us to investigate the validity of quantum theory as a general and unitary framework for cognitive processes, and the empirical success of the Hilbert space models derived by such investigation provides a strong theoretical confirmation of this validity. However, two situations in the cognitive realm, `question order effects' and `response replicability', indicate that even the Hilbert space framework could be insufficient to reproduce the collected data. This does not mean that the mentioned operational-realistic approach would be incorrect, but simply that a larger class of measurements would be in force in human cognition, so that an extended quantum formalism may be needed to deal with all of them. As we will explain, the recently derived `extended Bloch representation' of quantum theory (and the associated `general tension-reduction' model) precisely provides such extended formalism, while remaining within the same unitary interpretative framework.

  16. Determinants of Scale Efficiency in the Brazilian Third-Party Logistics Industry from 2001 to 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter F. Wanke

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the Brazilian third-party logistics (3PL sector which, increasingly competitive, offers clients a wide variety of services/information technologies in the quest to bolster efficiency. The main research objective is to determine which variables significantly impact 3PLs scale efficiency by applying two-stage DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis. Based on an unbalanced panel model, data from the annual study published by Revista Tecnologística (years 2001–2009 were analyzed. Results corroborate evidence in the literature that coordination mechanisms in the supply chain, supported by the availability of real time information and inventory synchronization, favor a more rational allocation of resources (inputs to client demands (outputs.

  17. A grey DEMATEL approach to develop third-party logistics provider selection criteria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Govindan, Kannan; Khodaverdi, Roohollah; Vafadarnikjoo, Amin

    2016-01-01

    Purpose - Third-party logistics (3PL) plays a main role in supply chain management and, as a result, has experienced remarkable growth. The demand for 3PL providers has become a main approach for companies to offer better customer service, reduce costs, and gain competitive advantage. This paper...... identifies important criteria for 3PL provider selection and evaluation, and the purpose of this paper is to select 3PL providers from the viewpoint of firms which were already outsourcing their logistics services. Design/methodology/approach - This study utilized the grey decision-making trial...... criteria and identified the main criteria for 3PL provider selection. The most important criteria for 3PL provider selection are on time delivery performance, technological capability, financial stability, human resource policies, service quality, and customer service, respectively. Practical implications...

  18. Reuse Intention of Third-Party Online Payments: A Focus on the Sustainable Factors of Alipay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongrok Choi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available An anonymous transaction environment and the advantage of virtual property have resulted in trust playing an important role in the rapid growth of online shopping in China. To satisfy this trust issue, Alibaba (China Co., Ltd. (Hangzhou, China invented Alipay, the largest third-party online payment service. Using a structural equation model (SEM, this paper attempts to determine whether Alipay’s service quality factors are truly sustainable. The results indicate that only two of five factors—convenience and security—are significantly mediated by the sustainable performance of customer satisfaction as a mediator. The other three factors—usefulness, responsiveness and economy—were rejected for the role of customer satisfaction, even if they are accepted regarding the direct effect on reuse intention. This result implies that Chinese web companies need to make greater efforts not to ensure initial success, but instead to ensure sustainable performance.

  19. Preverbal Infants Infer Third-Party Social Relationships Based on Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liberman, Zoe; Woodward, Amanda L; Kinzler, Katherine D

    2016-07-29

    Language provides rich social information about its speakers. For instance, adults and children make inferences about a speaker's social identity, geographic origins, and group membership based on her language and accent. Although infants prefer speakers of familiar languages (Kinzler, Dupoux, & Spelke, 2007), little is known about the developmental origins of humans' sensitivity to language as marker of social identity. We investigated whether 9-month-olds use the language a person speaks as an indicator of that person's likely social relationships. Infants were familiarized with videos of two people who spoke the same or different languages, and then viewed test videos of those two individuals affiliating or disengaging. Results suggest that infants expected two people who spoke the same language to be more likely to affiliate than two people who spoke different languages. Thus, infants view language as a meaningful social marker and use language to make inferences about third-party social relationships.

  20. Third party interference monitoring based on distributed fiber sensor and field trail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cai, Yongjun; Tan, Dongjie; Juan, Zheng; Wang, Likun; Chen, Pengchao [PetroChina Pipeline R and D Center (China)

    2009-07-01

    This paper describes a novel pipeline third party interference (TPI) monitoring system, which detects micro vibration along pipeline, through fiber cable laying in one ditch. A special optical path was designed by redundant optical fiber cores among fiber cable. This new sensor technology detects illegal excavation through detect phase changes. This innovative signal analysis technology avoids the disturbance of light intensity fluctuation and phase fading. Excavator, digging and impact of freely falling body were used to test this pipeline monitoring system. Different type of cable, such as straight buried cable, steel wire armored cable and silicone tube, were all test in order to test sensitivity. Field trail shows that this system can detect, alarm and. locate different third party interference along pipeline. (author)

  1. The effect of altruistic tendency on fairness in third-party punishment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Lu; Tan, Peishan; Cheng, You; Chen, Jingwei; Qu, Chen

    2015-01-01

    Third-party punishment, as an altruistic behavior, was found to relate to inequity aversion in previous research. Previous researchers have found that altruistic tendencies, as an individual difference, can affect resource division. Here, using the event-related potential (ERP) technique and a third-party punishment of dictator game paradigm, we explored third-party punishments in high and low altruists and recorded their EEG data. Behavioral results showed high altruists (vs. low altruists) were more likely to punish the dictators in unfair offers. ERP results revealed that patterns of medial frontal negativity (MFN) were modulated by unfairness. For high altruists, high unfair offers (90:10) elicited a larger MFN than medium unfair offers (70:30) and fair offers (50:50). By contrast, for low altruists, fair offers elicited larger MFN while high unfair offers caused the minimal MFN. It is suggested that the altruistic tendency effect influences fairness consideration in the early stage of evaluation. Moreover, the results provide further neuroscience evidence for inequity aversion.

  2. Paris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佩君

    2005-01-01

    Paris, the capital of France, is located in northern France on both banks of the Seine River, 145km from the river’s mouth on the English Channel. A total of 2, 135, 300 inhabitants live in Paris proper, and almost 11 million persons live in greater Paris, which is one of Europe’s largest metropolitan areas. A city of world importance and the business, historic, intellectual, diplomatic, religious, educational, artistic, and tourist center of France, Paris owes its prosperity in large part to its favorable position on the Seine, which has been a major commercial artery since the Roman period.

  3. Research on the Third-party Platform Responsibility of Online Food Trade%网络食品交易第三方平台责任研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋西桐

    2015-01-01

    The greatest highlight of the new Food Safety Law lies in the fact that the rules related to online food trade enters the legal regulation for the first time. This paper expounds the related regulations in the aspects of food safety management responsibility, security supervision, legal liability and so on of the third-party platform provider in online food trade. Based on the Article 62 and Article 131 in the new Food Safety Law, it analyzes the audit and review obligation of third-party platform provider of food trade to online food business operators in the third-party platform, the issues of safety management responsibilities in online food trade, the rules and regulations for the third-party platform provider, etc. It proposes the views that the third-party platform provider of online food trade has the audit and review obligations to online food business operators, the third-party platform provider plays a supporting role of supervision in the food safety management of online trade, the third-party platform provider of the online food trade takes the joint responsibility when consumer rights are violated, etc. The revision of the law undoubtedly promotes the development of internet e-commerce market, and acts as a bridge for the development of food security in online trade.%新《食品安全法》最大亮点在于网络食品交易相关的规范制度首次进入到法律规制当中.本文阐述了新《食品安全法》中网络食品交易第三方平台提供商的食品安全管理责任、安全监管、法律责任等几个方面的相关规定.分析了新《食品安全法》第六十二条、第一百三十一条中对食品交易第三方平台对入网食品经营者有审核、审查的义务,网络食品交易安全管理责任的问题,以及网络食品交易第三方平台提供者规则制度等问题.提出了网络食品交易第三方平台提供者对入网食品经营者具有的审核、审查义务,第三方平台提供者在网

  4. 第三方支付研究综述%Review of Research on the Third-Party Payment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平; 余运伟; 陈林

    2016-01-01

    With the rapid development of Internet finance, the importance of the third party payment is increasing day by day. After briefly introducing the concepts of third-party payment, the background of the emergence of third-party payment as well as its application scenarios, this paper systematically reviews the domestic and international related researches on the third-party payment and mobile payment, mainly including the game behaviors among the third-party payment institutions, the user behavior for third-party payment and its influencing factors, as well as the risk, regulation, innovation, and the development trend of third-party payment industry.%随着互联网金融的快速发展,第三方支付的重要性与日俱增。简要介绍了第三方支付的相关概念、兴起的背景和应用场景。系统回顾了国内外关于第三方支付和移动支付的相关内容,主要包括第三方支付企业之间的博弈行为、第三方支付的用户行为及其影响因素、第三方付支付的风险与监管、创新与发展趋势等研究成果。

  5. How to catch all those mutations--the report of the third Human Variome Project Meeting, UNESCO Paris, May 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohonen-Corish, Maija R J; Al-Aama, Jumana Y; Auerbach, Arleen D;

    2010-01-01

    The third Human Variome Project (HVP) Meeting "Integration and Implementation" was held under UNESCO Patronage in Paris, France, at the UNESCO Headquarters May 10-14, 2010. The major aims of the HVP are the collection, curation, and distribution of all human genetic variation affecting health...... framework of HVP activities: Ethics; Nomenclature and Standards; Publication, Credit and Incentives; Data Collection from Clinics; Overall Data Integration and Access-Peripheral Systems/Software; Data Collection from Laboratories; Assessment of Pathogenicity; Country Specific Collection; Translation...... to Healthcare and Personalized Medicine; Data Transfer, Databasing, and Curation; Overall Data Integration and Access-Central Systems; and Funding Mechanisms and Sustainability. In addition, three societies that support the goals and the mission of HVP also held their own Workshops with the view to advance...

  6. How to catch all those mutations--the report of the third Human Variome Project Meeting, UNESCO Paris, May 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohonen-Corish, Maija R J; Al-Aama, Jumana Y; Auerbach, Arleen D;

    2010-01-01

    . The HVP has drawn together disparate groups, by country, gene of interest, and expertise, who are working for the common good with the shared goal of pushing the boundaries of the human variome and collaborating to avoid unnecessary duplication. The meeting addressed the 12 key areas that form the current......The third Human Variome Project (HVP) Meeting "Integration and Implementation" was held under UNESCO Patronage in Paris, France, at the UNESCO Headquarters May 10-14, 2010. The major aims of the HVP are the collection, curation, and distribution of all human genetic variation affecting health...... framework of HVP activities: Ethics; Nomenclature and Standards; Publication, Credit and Incentives; Data Collection from Clinics; Overall Data Integration and Access-Peripheral Systems/Software; Data Collection from Laboratories; Assessment of Pathogenicity; Country Specific Collection; Translation...

  7. Integrity management of Brazil-Bolivia gas pipeline to reduce risks due third party damage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasconcellos, Carlos Renato Aragonez de; Monte, Oswaldo [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Colen, Eustaquio; Cunha, Roberto de Souza; Oliveira, Hudson Regis de [Transportadora Brasileira Gasoduto Bolivia-Brasil, S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Lima, Rogerio de Souza [RSL Consultoria Geoprojetos (Brazil); Schultz Neto, Walter [Milton Braga Assessoria Tecnica (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    The Bolivia-Brazil Natural Gas Pipeline has 2.600 kilometers from Rio Grande City in Bolivia to Canoas City, in the south of Brazil. The right-of-way crosses a lot of types of topography and areas subjected to various kinds of anthropological actions, like areas in class locations 3, locals under agricultural activities, forests and minerals explorations, and near constructions of highway and railway, industrial constructions, new pipelines in the same right-of -way, channels, dams, that requires special projects to avoid that the gas pipeline could be subject to strengths that were not consider in the original design. The aim of this paper is to present the jobs developed by TBG during seven years of gas pipeline operations, as public awareness program, procedures to design, construct and inspect specials constructions along and near the right-of -way, control of mineral and forest explorations, monitoring and controlling of excavations on the right-of-way to install new pipelines and optical cables, to reduce risks of gas pipeline damage due third party, as a component of TBG' Managing Integrity Gas Pipeline Program. (author)

  8. Potential approaches to the management of third-party impacts from groundwater transfers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skurray, James H.; Pannell, David J.

    2012-08-01

    Groundwater extraction can have varied and diffuse effects. Negative external effects may include costs imposed on other groundwater users and on surrounding ecosystems. Environmental damages are commonly not reflected in market transactions. Groundwater transfers have the potential to cause spatial redistribution, concentration, and qualitative transformation of the impacts from pumping. An economically and environmentally sound groundwater transfer scheme would ensure that marginal costs from trades do not exceed marginal benefits, accounting for all third-party impacts, including those of a non-monetary nature as well as delayed effects. This paper proposes a menu of possible management strategies that would help preclude unacceptable impacts by restricting transfers with certain attributes, ideally ensuring that permitted transfers are at least welfare-neutral. Management tools would require that transfers limit or reduce environmental impacts, and provide for the compensation of financial impacts. Three management tools are described. While these tools can limit impacts from a given level of extraction, they cannot substitute for sustainable overall withdrawal limits. Careful implementation of transfer limits and exchange rates, and the strategic use of management area boundaries, may enable a transfer system to restrict negative externalities mainly to monetary costs. Provision for compensation of these costs could be built into the system.

  9. Hotel Overbooking and Cooperation with Third-Party Websites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yufeng Dong

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Hotels cooperate with third-party websites to enhance their competitive position and attain sustainable development in the era of e-commerce. Furthermore, hotel managers overbook to hedge against last-minute cancellations and customer no-shows. This paper discusses pricing and overbooking strategies of a hotel in the context of cooperation with multiple third-party websites and analyzes how these strategies influence the cooperation process. The increase in profits resulting from the overbooking strategy is also examined. A model of a Stackelberg game between the hotel and third-party websites and a Nash game among the third-party websites are developed to analyze the process. Results indicate that the compensation coefficient has a slight influence on hotel pricing strategy, but causes a sharp decrease in overbooking level. As the hotel demands to lessen the probability of denying under higher compensation rate, the third-party websites would exert less sales effort to reduce the demand of online customers. Results also show that under a given market demand, hotel effort only serves to redistribute market shares among the hotel and third-party websites, without influencing hotel pricing and overbooking decisions. Specifically, the market shares of the third-party websites decrease in the effort level of the hotel resulting from an increase in the hotel market share. Finally, in the numerical example where one hotel and two websites are analyzed, hotel overbooking strategy improves hotel profit by 4.20%, whereas profit improvements for Websites 1 and 2 are as high as 5.26% and 5.21%, respectively. Managerial implications of the study are also provided.

  10. The influence of economic incentives on treatment patterns in a third-party funded dental service.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Woods, N

    2010-03-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the response of dental practitioners to administration and remuneration adjustments to the Dental Treatment Services Scheme (DTSS) in the Republic of Ireland. DESIGN: Following the introduction of a series of administration and fee adjustments by a third party payments system in December 1999 the pattern of extractions and restorations are examined to determine whether the adjustments had influenced provider behaviour, in particular whether a substitution effect from extractions to restorations would result from a relative fee increase of 62% for amalgam fillings. DATA AND METHODS: Data on patient and provider characteristics from June 1996 to April 2005, collected by the Health Service Executive (HSE) National Shared Services Primary Care Reimbursement Service to facilitate remuneration to dentists providing services in the DTSS, was used in this analysis. A graphical analysis of the data revealed a structural break in the time-series and an apparent substitution to amalgam fillings following the introduction of the fee increases. To test the statistical significance of this break, the ratio of amalgams to restorations was regressed on the trend, growth and level dummy variables, using Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression. The diagnostics of the model were assessed using the Jarque-Bera normality test and the LM to test for serial correlation. RESULTS: The initial results showed no evidence of a structural break. However on further investigation, when a pulse dummy was included to account for the immediate impact of the fee adjustment the results suggest a unit root process with a structural break in December 1999. This implies that the amalgam fee increase of December 1999 influenced the behaviour patterns of providers. CONCLUSIONS: System changes can be used to change the emphasis from a scheme that was principally exodontia\\/emergency based to a scheme that is more conservative and based on restoration\\/prevention.

  11. Muziek en natievorming in België: het muziekleven te Brussel 1830-1850

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Buyens

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Koen Buyens, Music and nation building in BelgiumThe article examines the Brussels music scene (1830-1850 in relation to the efforts made at the time with regard to nation building after the Belgian Revolution of 1830. The first part focuses on François-Joseph Fétis, who was appointed director of the Brussels conservatorium in 1832. In this capacity, Fétis intended to model both the Brussels music scene and the national music scene according to his own clear-cut ideas. In the second part it is argued that musical life in Brussels was suffused with a military spirit. The music of military bands was probably the core element of the urban soundscape. The third part concentrates on the obstacles that hampered the country’s musical development. The crushing preponderance of Paris reduced the Belgian capital to a place of servile imitation. From 1840 onwards this provoked heated reactions among the early advocates of the Flemish case, who soon fell under the spell of German music.

  12. Power, Identity, and Organizational Structure as Reflected in Schools for Minority Groups: A Case Study of Jewish Schools in Paris, Brussels, and Geneva

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Zehavit

    2006-01-01

    This article compares the linkages between organizational structure, power relations, and group identities within the private schools operated by the francophone Jewish communities of Brussels, Paris, and Geneva. A school's organizational structure and balance of power reflect its identity and its conceptual world. That is, its organizational…

  13. ECHR rules on liability of ISPs as a restriction of freedom of speech

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Husovec, Martin

    2014-01-01

    The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in Strasbourg handed down its first case concerning the liability of intermediaries. A ruling of the Estonian Supreme Court that imposed broad liability and a general monitoring obligation upon an internet news portal vis-a-vis third party comments made on

  14. The long road from Nador to Brussels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cammaert, M F

    1986-09-01

    The focus of this article is on the migration of the married Berber woman and her children from the city of Nador in Northeast Morocco to Europe. The Berber woman has her own space to move in her own world with specific boundaries. In the countryside, the setting of the boundaries of the married Berber woman is materialized primarily by the boundaries of the house and the surrounding group of women. The Berber woman's real authority in the home, her potential power, corresponds to the role of the man in the external world, which is the 'wild' for the woman. In addition to the sexually determined boundaries, there is also a spatial differentiation in behavior in the women's world. Upon her arrival in Brussels, the Berber woman enters a completely new terrain in terms of both the environment and the space that will become her internal world, the home. The Berber woman, after a period of time that varies from woman to woman, will cross the new boundary to establish contacts in the outside world. The traditional boundary system is continually challenged by the functional aspect of daily life. Many of the immigrant women see their stay in Europe as a temporary phase in their lives and prepare for returning to Morocco. To obtain an insight into the manner in which young immigrants construct their life worlds and the conflicts that can accompany it, it is necessary 1st to know their country of origin, in particular, the world that their parents and ancestors were raised in and which is structured by the boundary system described in this paper.

  15. Achieving Energy Efficient Ship Operations Under Third Party Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taudal Poulsen, René; Sornn-Friese, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    of time to produce and provide reliable energy efficiency information cause energy efficiency gaps. The paper brings together the energy efficiency and ship management literatures, demonstrating how ship management models influence energy efficiency in ship operations. Achieving energy efficiency in ship...... operations is particularly challenging under third party ship management. Finally, the paper discusses management implications for shipping companies, which outsource ship management to third parties.......Profitable energy saving measures are often not fully implemented in shipping, causing energy efficiency gaps. The paper identifies energy efficiency gaps in ship operations, and explores their causes. Lack of information on energy efficiency, lack of energy training at sea and onshore and lack...

  16. Ombuds’ corner: the third party, the institution

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2012-01-01

    “The Ombuds shall provide confidential assistance for the informal resolution of interpersonal issues, in the interests of the good functioning of CERN.”*   In any institution, conflicts are inevitable. They can, however, offer an opportunity for a positive resolution. Relationships in a workplace are generally better and stronger between people who have been able to reach a positive resolution of their disagreement, than they are between people who get along moderately well. However, in disputes involving two antagonistic parties, people often forget that there is actually a third party behind the scenes: the institution. It is sometimes surprising to see that even people holding management responsibilities or hierarchical positions in projects fight each other, and completely forget that they are accountable for the good functioning of CERN. Commitment and professionalism are part of the five priority values of CERN, as expressed in its Code of Conduct: “Promot...

  17. Paris-Princeton Lectures on Mathematical Finance

    CERN Document Server

    Carmona, René A; Kohatsu-Higa, Arturo; Lasry, Jean-Michel; Lions, Pierre-Louis; Pham, Huyên; Taflin, Erik

    2007-01-01

    The Paris-Princeton Lectures in Financial Mathematics, of which this is the third volume, will, on an annual basis, publish cutting-edge research in self-contained, expository articles from outstanding - established or upcoming! - specialists. The aim is to produce a series of articles that can serve as an introductory reference for research in the field. It arises as a result of frequent exchanges between the finance and financial mathematics groups in Paris and Princeton. The present volume sets standards with articles by René Carmona, Ivar Ekeland/Erik Taflin, Arturo Kohatsu-Higa, Pierre-Louis Lions/Jean-Michel Lasry, and Hyuên Pham.

  18. The Effects of Third-Party Arbitration: A Field Experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joosten, H.W.M.; Bloemer, J.M.M.; Hillebrand, B.

    2016-01-01

    Governments, firms, and consumer agencies promote third-party arbitration to end consumer–firm disputes that arise from dissatisfying services and failed service recoveries in the hope that third-party arbitration will (1) resolve the dispute, (2) repair the relationship with the service provider, a

  19. Professor Gerschenkron goes to Brussels. Russian Catch-up Economics and the Common European Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Hedlund

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Ongoing discussions between Russia and the EU on the formation of a Common European Economic Space bring back to mind Alexander Gerschenkron's classic essay on economic backwardness in historical perspective. This paper argues that the institutions that once produced a specific kind of catch-up economics in Czarist Russia still remain largely the same. Unless negotiations between Moscow and Brussels take into consideration such fundamental institutional incompatibility, attempts at harmonization, expressed by Brussels as an attempt tp spread Western values, will be doomed to fail. A cynical conlusion views potential convergence as adaptation by Brussels to traditional Russian institutional patterns of rule evasion, rather than a Westernization of Russia

  20. What Motivates Lay Third Parties to Take Sides in a Conflict? Examining the Relationships between the Big Five Personality Traits and Side-taking Motives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Huadong; Li, Chaoping; Wang, Qing; Hendriks, A. A. Jolijn

    2011-01-01

    Taking sides is one of the reactions available to third parties in handling a dispute. From the perspective of individual differences, this study was aimed at identifying lay third parties' motives for side taking and exploring their relations with the Big Five personality traits. We tested our assu

  1. [Biological risk in health. Risk to third parties: medical-legal focus. Responsible behavior of the competent physician].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Daniele

    2010-01-01

    The responsibility of the occupational physician (OP) is discussed within the particular topic of biological risk generated by health care workers (HCW) versus third parties in health care settings. The present contribution offers keys of interpretation regarding current Italian legislation and passed sentences, taking into account principles of occupational medicine, the ICOH code of ethics for occupational health professionals, as well as duties and tasks of OP, employers and employees. Most of the responsibilities stand on employers, but OP has a primary duty of information and to judge fitness for work. It is underlined the difficult interpretation of the current legislation and indications. Behaviour of the OP could be censored in case of particular fitness for work or in case of inadequate information, as well as if the comprehension of information is not verified or when indication to minimize the risk are not controlled.

  2. Cornerstone Third Party Alternative Cost Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vrieling, P. Douglas [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2013-10-15

    The attached cost analyses sheets have been developed for use in planning during the Third Party Alternative study currently underway for the Sandia CREATE project. This cost analysis builds upon the previously submitted base estimate dated June 14, 2013 and includes comparison information collected during a Market Validation exercise conducted in August/September 2013.

  3. Non-Strategic Punishment when Monitoring is Costly: Experimental Evidence on Differences between Second and Third Party Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Goeschl, Timo; Jarke, Johannes

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies monitoring and punishment behavior by second and third parties in a cooperation experiment with endogenous information structures: Players are uninformed whether the target player cooperated or defected at the cooperation stage, but can decide to resolve the information imperfection at non-negative cost at the punishment stage. We examine how monitoring and punishment respond to changes in monitoring costs, and exploit the evidence to gain new insights about commonalities a...

  4. Third party observation during neuropsychological evaluation: an update on the literature, practical advice for practitioners, and future directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, Laura L S; McCaffrey, Robert J

    2010-04-01

    A clash between neuropsychology and the law may exist when a demand is made for third party observation during forensic neuropsychological evaluation. Third party observation includes any person or observational process present during a neuropsychological evaluation aside from the psychologist and the examinee, including electronic devices (e.g., video and audio recordings). The goal of this paper includes succinctly providing to practitioners the scientific, ethical, and pragmatic (i.e., test security and coaching) reasons to not allow third party observation. Practitioners at the individual level need to be aware of the reasoning and be willing and able to advocate protecting the boundaries of neuropsychological practice and test security. We present practitioners with options when confronted with a request, provide a list of resources to educate the legal system and submit with motions, provide responses for some of the more common myths/reasoning used to support a request for a TPO, and encourage more global solutions such as state-by-state legislation.

  5. Third Party Reproduction: Sperm, Egg, and Embryo Donation and Surrogacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... third-party reproduction” refers to the use of eggs , sperm , or embryos that have been donated by a ... the requisite screening and testing required of all egg and sperm donors. For embryos that are created specifically for ...

  6. Review of legislation on civil liability for nuclear damage; Revision de la legislacion relativa a la responsabilidad civil por danos nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menendez-Moran, E.

    2011-07-01

    The entry into force of Law 12/2011 is postponed until the Protocols modifying the Paris and Brussels conventions take effect, since their content complements that of the Conventions. The most significant modifications are the extension of the suppositions of nuclear damage, the geographical scope of application and the time period for claiming personal damages, which is accompanied by higher coverage limits of up to 1,200 million euros. It also includes liability for damages caused by radioactive materials in the custody of the installation owner. (Author)

  7. Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) consolation: third-party identity as a window on possible function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Teresa; de Waal, Frans B M

    2010-08-01

    Consolation, that is, postconflict affiliative contact by a bystander toward a recipient of aggression, has acquired an important role in the debate about empathy in great apes because it has been proposed that the reassuring behavior aimed at distressed parties reflects empathetic arousal. However, the function of this behavior is not fully understood. The present study tests specific predictions about the identity of bystanders on the basis of a database of 1102 agonistic interactions and their corresponding postconflict periods in two outdoor-housed groups of captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). We found that recipients of aggression were more likely to be contacted by their own "friends" than by "friends" of the aggressor and that frequent targets of aggression were not more likely to offer consolation than were nontargets of aggression. These findings support the stress reduction hypothesis rather than two proposed alternatives, that is, the opponent relationship repair hypothesis and the self-protection hypothesis. Our results provide further support for relationship quality as a fundamental underlying factor explaining variation in the occurrence of consolation.

  8. 第三方物流企业开发线上供应链金融服务研究%Research on Third -party Logistics Companies to Develop Online Financial Services Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐维莉

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid development of Internet technology,online supply chain finance has become a new direction for the development of supply chain finance is the focus areas of numerous third -party logistics companies,financial institutions and the electricity supplier of common concern.This article from the perspective of a third -party logistics companies,analyzes the advantages to develop online financial services products supply chain,to build around online supply chain finance platform functionality,describes the contents of the supply chain and financial services operational processes,to third -party logistics companies development of supply chain finance value -added services to provide reference.%伴随着互联网技术的快速发展,线上供应链金融已成为供应链金融发展的新方向,是众多第三方物流企业、金融机构及电商共同关注的焦点领域。文中从第三方物流企业角度,分析了开发线上供应链金融服务产品的优势,围绕线上供应链金融平台功能的搭建,介绍了供应链金融服务项目的内容及运作流程,以期为第三方物流企业开发供应链金融增值服务提供参考。

  9. Opportunistic Third-Party Backhaul for Cellular Wireless Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Ford, Russell; Kim, Changkyu; Rangan, Sundeep

    2013-01-01

    With high capacity air interfaces and large numbers of small cells, backhaul -- the wired connectivity to base stations -- is increasingly becoming the cost driver in cellular wireless networks. One reason for the high cost of backhaul is that capacity is often purchased on leased lines with guaranteed rates provisioned to peak loads. In this paper, we present an alternate \\emph{opportunistic backhaul} model where third parties provide base stations and backhaul connections and lease out exce...

  10. Research on logistics cost control of third party logistics enterprises%探究第三方物流企业成本的控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭小妹

    2015-01-01

    The third party logistics is still in the developing stage.In terms of logistics cost,there are some third party lo-gistics enterprises can not provide the service of the logistics products accurate cost control,coupled with the service product re-lated cost information is not clear,which directly leads to the logistics service pricing distortion and logistics cost control failure. On the basis of fully understanding of the structure of the third party logistics enterprises,the logistics enterprises in the process of its cost control problems,for the third party logistics enterprises to reduce logistics costs specific measures to play the core competitive advantage of the third party logistics enterprises,thereby promoting economic and social development.%第三方物流概念在我国仍处于发展阶段。就物流成本而言,有部分第三方物流企业不能对其所提供服务的物流产品进行准确的成本控制,加上对服务产品相关成本信息掌握不清,从而直接导致了物流服务定价失真和物流成本控制失效。在充分了解第三方物流企业成本结构的基础上,认识物流企业在其成本控制过程中存在的问题,为第三方物流企业提出降低物流成本具体的措施,发挥第三方物流企业的核心竞争优势,从而促进经济社会的发展。

  11. 20 CFR 10.706 - How will a beneficiary know if OWCP or SOL has determined that action against a third party is...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How will a beneficiary know if OWCP or SOL... Third Party Liability § 10.706 How will a beneficiary know if OWCP or SOL has determined that action... is transferred to SOL, a second notification may be issued....

  12. "Public Purpose or Public Interest" and Third Party Transfers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradley Virgill

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article the difference between public purpose and public interest in section 25(2 of the 1996 Constitution is considered. It is generally accepted that public purpose is a narrower category than public interest and that the distinction between public purpose and public interest does not make any practical difference. However, in this contribution it is suggested that the difference between public purpose and public interest makes no practical difference only in cases where expropriated property is used by the state for the realisation of a particular purpose. The difference between public purpose and public interest becomes more important when a particular expropriation also involves a third party transfer, since it indicates the level of scrutiny that the courts should apply in determining the lawfulness of the expropriation. When property is expropriated and transferred to a third party for the realisation of a public purpose, such as building and managing electricity plants, the lawfulness of the expropriation is not easily questioned. As such, the application of a rationality test to determine the legitimacy of the expropriation is generally easy to accept. However, this lenient approach cannot be as easily accepted where an expropriation and third party transfer takes place in the public interest. Examples of third party transfers in the public interest include land reform, slum clearance and economic development. In the examples of land reform and slum clearance the expropriation and third party transfer is usually authorised in legislation or, as is the case with land reform in South Africa, the 1996 Constitution. Because (as in the land reform example the expropriation and third party transfer is authorised by the Constitution and regulated by legislation, the application of a rationality test to determine the legitimacy is acceptable. However, the application of a rationality test where property is expropriated and transferred

  13. 19 CFR 163.8 - Third-party recordkeeper summons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... served on the person, or on any officer or employee of the person, with respect to whose liability for... intimidation, bribery, or collusion; or (iii) To flee to avoid prosecution, testifying, or production...

  14. REALTIME MONITORING OF PIPELINES FOR THIRD-PARTY CONTACT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gary L. Burkhardt

    2005-12-31

    Third-party contact with pipelines (typically caused by contact with a digging or drilling device) can result in mechanical damage to the pipe, in addition to coating damage that can initiate corrosion. Because this type of damage often goes unreported and can lead to eventual catastrophic failure of the pipe, a reliable, cost-effective method is needed for monitoring the pipeline and reporting third-party contact events. The impressed alternating cycle current (IACC) pipeline monitoring method developed by Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) consists of impressing electrical signals on the pipe by generating a time-varying voltage between the pipe and the soil. The signal voltage between the pipe and ground is monitored continuously at receiving stations located some distance away. Third-party contact to the pipe that breaks through the coating (thus resulting in a signal path to ground) changes the signal received at the receiving stations. The IACC method was shown to be a viable method that can be used to continuously monitor pipelines for third-party contact. Electrical connections to the pipeline can be made through existing cathodic protection (CP) test points without the need to dig up the pipe. The instrumentation is relatively simple, consisting of (1) a transmitting station with a frequency-stable oscillator and amplifier and (2) a receiving station with a filter, lock-in amplifier, frequency-stable oscillator, and remote reporting device (e.g. cell phone system). Maximum distances between the transmitting and receiving stations are approximately 1.61 km (1 mile), although the length of pipeline monitored can be twice this using a single transmitter and one receiver on each side (since the signal travels in both directions). Certain conditions such as poor pipeline coatings or strong induced 60-Hz signals on the pipeline can degrade IACC performance, so localized testing should be performed to determine the suitability for an IACC installation at a given

  15. Comparative Study of Determining of the Responsible Person and the Basis of Compensation in Civil Liability Results from Events Related to Nuclear Facilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayyed Mohammad Mahdi Qabuli Dorafshan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Nuclear facilities, though have large advantages for human being, they also creates heavy hazards. Thus, the question of civil liability results from events of mentioned facilities are so significant. This paper studies the question of the basis and responsible for compensation results from aforementioned events in international instruments, Iran and French law. Outcome of this study shows that in this regard, Paris and Vienna conventions and the other related conventions and protocols adjust a special legal régime. In this respect, the international instruments while distancing themselves from liability based on fault, highlight the exclusive responsibility of the operator of nuclear facilities and they have commited the operator to insurance or appropriate secure financing. Also French legal régime have followed this manner with the impact of the Paris Convention and its amendments and additions. There is no special provisions in Iran legal régime in this matter so civil liability results from nuclear events is under general rules of civil liability and rules such Itlaf (loss, Tasbib (causation, Taqsir (fault and La-zarar (no damage in the context of Imamye jurisprudence. Ofcourse, the responsible is basically the one who the damage is attributable to him. Finaly, It is appropriate that the Iranian legislator predict favorable régime and provides special financial fund for compensation of possible injured parties in accordance with necessities and specific requirements related to nuclear energy

  16. 26 CFR 25.2513-1 - Gifts by husband or wife to third party considered as made one-half by each.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Gifts by husband or wife to third party... Transfers § 25.2513-1 Gifts by husband or wife to third party considered as made one-half by each. (a) A... having been made one-half by each spouse. (c) If a husband and wife consent to have the gifts made...

  17. Polyclonal Recipient nTregs Are Superior to Donor or Third-Party Tregs in the Induction of Transplantation Tolerance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Pilat

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Induction of donor-specific tolerance is still considered as the “Holy Grail” in transplantation medicine. The mixed chimerism approach is virtually the only tolerance approach that was successfully translated into the clinical setting. We have previously reported successful induction of chimerism and tolerance using cell therapy with recipient T regulatory cells (Tregs to avoid cytotoxic recipient treatment. Treg therapy is limited by the availability of cells as large-scale expansion is time-consuming and associated with the risk of contamination with effector cells. Using a costimulation-blockade based bone marrow (BM transplantation (BMT model with Treg therapy instead of cytoreductive recipient treatment we aimed to determine the most potent Treg population for clinical translation. Here we show that CD4+CD25+ in vitro activated nTregs are superior to TGFβ induced iTregs in promoting the induction of chimerism and tolerance. Therapy with nTregs (but not iTregs led to multilineage chimerism and donor-specific tolerance in mice receiving as few as 0.5 × 106 cells. Moreover, we show that only recipient Tregs, but not donor or third-party Tregs, had a beneficial effect on BM engraftment at the tested doses. Thus, recipient-type nTregs significantly improve chimerism and tolerance and might be the most potent Treg population for translation into the clinical setting.

  18. The Dark Side of Altruistic Third-Party Punishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leibbrandt, Andreas; Lopez-Perez, Raul

    2011-01-01

    This article experimentally studies punishment from unaffected third parties in ten different games. The authors show that third-party punishment exhibits several features that are arguably undesirable. First, third parties punish strongly a decider if she chooses a socially efficient or a Pareto efficient allocation and becomes the richest party…

  19. Online trust building through third party trust transfer and third party protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wandoko, Wanda; Saleh Abbas, Bahtiar; Budiastuti, Dyah; Kosala, Raymond

    2017-03-01

    The primary objective of this research is to develop an online trust building mechanism for SME (Small Medium Enterprise). Trust is very important in e-commerce. The nature of online shopping has a greater uncertainty than offline shopping. Seeing as there is an uncertainty that can produce risks, a prospective buyer’s trust is needed. A lot of people’s unwillingness to shop online is caused by their lack of trust toward e-commerce. E-commerce is said to be one of the ways for SME to compete with bigger companies. However, building trust requires immense time and cost. SME with limited resources may experience difficulties in building trust just with their own resources. Base on literature research that needs to be validated in next research, we found that trust can be built through trust transfer from the reputable and well-known trust-mark issuer, and third party protection such as escrow account service and credit card issuer.

  20. Postconflict third-party affiliation in rooks, Corvus frugilegus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seed, Amanda M; Clayton, Nicola S; Emery, Nathan J

    2007-01-23

    Conflict features in the lives of many animal species and induces social stress mediated by glucocorticoid hormones [1]. Postconflict affiliation, between former opponents (reconciliation) or between former opponents and a bystander (third-party affiliation), has been suggested as a behavioral mechanism for reducing such stress [2], but has been studied almost exclusively in primates [3]. As with many primates, several bird species live in social groups and form affiliative relationships [4]. Do these distantly related animals also use affiliative behavior to offset the costs of conflict? We studied postconflict affiliation in a captive group of rooks. Unlike polygamous primates, monogamous rooks did not reconcile with former opponents. However, we found clear evidence of third-party affiliation after conflicts. Both initiators and targets of aggression engaged in third-party affiliation with a social partner and employed a specific behavior, bill twining, during the postconflict period. Both former aggressors and uninvolved third parties initiated affiliative contacts. Despite the long history of evolutionary divergence, the pattern of third-party affiliation in rooks is strikingly similar to that observed in tolerant primate species. Furthermore, the absence of reconciliation in rooks makes sense in light of the species differences in social systems.

  1. Contract Breach of Third Party and Legal Liability Definition of Travel Agency: Taking Flight Delay as an Example%第三人违约与旅行社法律责任界定:以航班延误为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴波

    2012-01-01

    随着我国进入大众旅游时代,因第三人违约导致旅行社违约的旅游纠纷日益增多,其中航班延误导致旅行社违约的情形最为突出。由于我国目前法律法规中对航班延误赔偿的有关规定不完善,致使旅行社陷入法律困境。为明确界定旅行社的法律责任,本文提出了修订《航空法》、细化航班延误补偿标准、增加旅游合同为有名合同的解决途径。%Along with China's entering into the era of mass tourism, the number of travel disputes increases because of travel agencies contract breach which is further caused by third party contract breach, among which flight delay accounts for the largest proportion. Because of the incompleteness of indemnity clause, Chinese travel agencies are facing a legal dilemma. To clearly define the legal liabilities of travel agencies, the author proposed a solution to revise Aviation Law, refining indemnity clause caused by flight delay, and adding travel contract as named contract in this dissertation.

  2. 78 FR 23545 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request: Third Party Conformity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-19

    ... COMMISSION Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request: Third Party Conformity... collection regarding a form used to evaluate whether third party conformity assessment bodies meet the requirements to test for compliance to specified children's product safety rules. Third party...

  3. 77 FR 31073 - Audit Requirements for Third Party Conformity Assessment Bodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... Consumer Product Safety Commission 16 CFR Parts 1112 and 1118 Audit Requirements for Third Party Conformity Assessment Bodies and Requirements Pertaining to Third Party Conformity Assessment Bodies; Final Rule and...-0061] Audit Requirements for Third Party Conformity Assessment Bodies AGENCY: Consumer Product...

  4. THE THIRD PARTY CERTIFICATION SYSTEM FOR ORGANIC PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adina-Roxana MUNTEANU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the context of an increasing organic trade worldwide, the organic standards and the certification of the organic practices are ever more important and relevant for both business and consumers. The certification by third parties of the organic operators is meant to ensure the application of an organic standard. However, the documented fraud cases are proof that the current system can undergo further improvement. The current paper gives an overview of the mechanisms of certification and inspection worldwide and discusses the issues raised by third party certification of the organic operators in the European context. Moreover, the paper reviews the major arguments for the effectiveness of the third party certification and also points to the improvement possibilities of the systems.

  5. Licence fees for the wheeling of gas by third parties in accordance with Art. 2 Para. 6 of the Ordinance on Licence Fees; Konzessionsabgaben fuer die Durchleitung von Gas durch Drittlieferanten gemaess paragraph 2 Abs. 6 KAV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tittel, Frank; Otto, Stefan

    2009-12-15

    In recent times grid operators have been increasingly confronted with demands by third-party suppliers who supply their customers with gas through wheeling to charge them for third-party access at the low rates reserved for special contract customers and provide reimbursement for past overpayments. The Federal Cartel Office is of the opinion that third-party suppliers who are not primary suppliers may only be charged the low licence fees reserved for special contract customers as defined in Articles 2 Para. 3 No. 2 and 1 Para. 4 of the Ordinance on Licence Fees. This decision stands in contrast to earlier jurisdiction which ruled that it is permissible to charge third-party suppliers the high licence fees applicable to tariff customers. This calls for a thorough examination of the issue.

  6. Third-party biller compliance guidance emphasizes risk awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saner, R J

    1999-03-01

    The voluntary compliance guidance for third-party billing companies released by the HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) in December 1998, like the OIG's previously released guidance directed at hospitals, home health agencies, and clinical laboratories, identifies seven minimum elements for an effective corporate compliance program: written compliance policies, designation of a compliance officer, ongoing training, open lines of communication, guidelines to ensure the enforcement of compliance standards, internal monitoring and auditing of compliance activity, and procedures to respond to and correct errors. Three areas of concern for third-party billing companies are emphasized in the new guidance document: compliance risk, claims documentation, and disclosure of suspected misconduct or fraud.

  7. Interrelationships of risks faced by third party logistics service providers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Govindan, Kannan; Chaudhuri, Atanu

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyses the interrelationships between risks faced by third party logistics service providers (3PLs) in relation to one of its customers using DEMATEL. Novel analysis of both within and between risk categories and generation of threshold value to prioritize risks generate useful...... insights. Results show that arms-length relationship between the customer and the 3PLs has strong influence on other risks and there is a need for collaborative relationships between 3PLs and its customers. Moreover, analysis indicates that the 3PLs need to improve internal processes related to quality...... management, flexibility of its operations and also geographical coverage of their services....

  8. 78 FR 40442 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request-Third Party Conformity Assessment Body Registration Form

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-05

    ... COMMISSION Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request--Third Party Conformity Assessment Body Registration... used to evaluate whether third party conformity assessment bodies meet the requirements to test for... (CPSIA) requires third party testing to be conducted by a third party conformity assessment body for...

  9. Third-party punishment increases cooperation in children through (misaligned) expectations and conditional cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lergetporer, Philipp; Angerer, Silvia; Glätzle-Rützler, Daniela; Sutter, Matthias

    2014-05-13

    The human ability to establish cooperation, even in large groups of genetically unrelated strangers, depends upon the enforcement of cooperation norms. Third-party punishment is one important factor to explain high levels of cooperation among humans, although it is still somewhat disputed whether other animal species also use this mechanism for promoting cooperation. We study the effectiveness of third-party punishment to increase children's cooperative behavior in a large-scale cooperation game. Based on an experiment with 1,120 children, aged 7 to 11 y, we find that the threat of third-party punishment more than doubles cooperation rates, despite the fact that children are rarely willing to execute costly punishment. We can show that the higher cooperation levels with third-party punishment are driven by two components. First, cooperation is a rational (expected payoff-maximizing) response to incorrect beliefs about the punishment behavior of third parties. Second, cooperation is a conditionally cooperative reaction to correct beliefs that third party punishment will increase a partner's level of cooperation.

  10. 试论第三方软件测试发展现状及对策%On the development status and Countermeasures of the third party software testing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文娟

    2016-01-01

    In this paper,the author current traffic information industry third party software test status based on,starts from the importance of the third party software test,summed up the characteristics of the third party testing,and then analyzes the status of the third party software testing and summarizes the problems existed in China's third-party software testing development.Finally on how to further promote the development of the third party software testing expressed their views,hope and provide the reference for the researchers in related fields.%本文笔者就当前交通运行信息行业第三方软件测试现状基础上,首先从第三方软件测试的重要性入手,归纳了第三方测试的特点,然后分析了第三方软件测试的现状,总结了我国第三方软件测试发展存在的问题,最后就如何进一步促进第三方软件测试发展发表了自己的看法,希望为相关领域的研究者提供参考和借鉴。

  11. Educational Digital Technologies in Developing Countries Challenge Third Party Providers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passey, Don; Laferrière, Thérèse; Ahmad, Manal Yazbak-Abu; Bhowmik, Miron; Gross, Diana; Price, Janet; Resta, Paul; Shonfeld, Miri

    2016-01-01

    In this conceptual paper, we consider issues and challenges of third party and governmental organisations in planning and implementing access to and uses of digital technologies for learning and teaching in developing countries. We consider failures and weaknesses in the planning and implementation processes highlighted by research in developed…

  12. A {mu}-analysis power deficiency for GENCOs to perform third-party supply

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castellanos, R.B. [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, IIE, Cuernavaca, Mor. 62580 (Mexico); Graduate Program in Electrical Engineering, Cinvestav, P.O. Box 31-438, Plaza La Luna, Guadalajara, Jal. 44550 (Mexico); Messina, A.R. [Graduate Program in Electrical Engineering, Cinvestav, P.O. Box 31-438, Plaza La Luna, Guadalajara, Jal. 44550 (Mexico); Sarmiento, H.U. [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, IIE, Cuernavaca, Mor. 62580 (Mexico)

    2008-02-15

    A general approach based on structured singular value (SSV) theory is proposed for the analysis of robust stability of large power systems with parameter variations. SSV theory is utilized to find a structured-based parametric uncertainty description of the system that explicitly address and treat the effect of multiple, interrelated uncertain parameters on system dynamic behavior. Techniques to handle parametric uncertainties are given and methods to generate linear fractional transformation based uncertainty descriptions for the model and its associated uncertainty are discussed. Attention is focused on the study of uncertainties in the nominal system representation arising from two different sources, namely variations in the system operating conditions and uncertainties in the structure of the power system. The performance robustness of the proposed method is verified through simulation studies on a 6-area, 377-machine practical system. In particular, the developed technique is used to estimate the combined effect of variations in the level of power transfer across a critical system interconnection, and variations in the interconnecting tie-line reactance on the stability of critical inter-area modes. Several case studies are presented in which both conventional eigenanalysis techniques and SSV-theory are used to determine robust stability margins. (author)

  13. Legal Issues Regarding Digital Forensic Examiners Third Party Consent to Search

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Lonardo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on Federal law as it relates to consent to search relating to Fourth Amendment privacy in the practice of Digital Forensics. In particular, Digital Examiners should be aware of how decisions in Federal Court may impact their ability to acquire evidence in both civil and criminal settings. Digital Forensics, being a relatively new field, is particularly subject to change as cases and appeals are decided. This paper provides an overview of relevant case law relating to issues in Digital Forensics. More importantly, our research provides Digital Forensic Examiners (DFE, as defined by Lonardo, White, and Rea (Lonardo, 2008, 2009, with scenarios that illustrate the various nuances when dealing with the consent to search. From issues of common authority, conflicting consent, apparent authority, and voluntary consent, our research explores court findings and applies them to practical advice and policy formation for DFEs.

  14. Using Third Party Data to Update a Reference Dataset in a Quality Evaluation Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xavier, E. M. A.; Ariza-López, F. J.; Ureña-Cámara, M. A.

    2016-06-01

    Nowadays it is easy to find many data sources for various regions around the globe. In this 'data overload' scenario there are few, if any, information available about the quality of these data sources. In order to easily provide these data quality information we presented the architecture of a web service for the automation of quality control of spatial datasets running over a Web Processing Service (WPS). For quality procedures that require an external reference dataset, like positional accuracy or completeness, the architecture permits using a reference dataset. However, this reference dataset is not ageless, since it suffers the natural time degradation inherent to geospatial features. In order to mitigate this problem we propose the Time Degradation & Updating Module which intends to apply assessed data as a tool to maintain the reference database updated. The main idea is to utilize datasets sent to the quality evaluation service as a source of 'candidate data elements' for the updating of the reference database. After the evaluation, if some elements of a candidate dataset reach a determined quality level, they can be used as input data to improve the current reference database. In this work we present the first design of the Time Degradation & Updating Module. We believe that the outcomes can be applied in the search of a full-automatic on-line quality evaluation platform.

  15. Analysis of third-party certification approaches using an occupational health and safety conformity-assessment model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redinger, C F; Levine, S P

    1998-11-01

    The occupational health and safety conformity-assessment model presented in this article was developed (1) to analyze 22 public and private programs to determine the extent to which these programs use third parties in conformity-assessment determinations, and (2) to establish a framework to guide future policy developments related to the use of third parties in occupational health and safety conformity-assessment activities. The units of analysis for this study included select Occupational Safety and Health Administration programs and standards, International Organization for Standardization-based standards and guidelines, and standards and guidelines developed by nongovernmental bodies. The model is based on a 15-cell matrix that categorizes first-, second-, and third-party activities in terms of assessment, accreditation, and accreditation-recognition activities. The third-party component of the model has three categories: industrial hygiene/safety testing and sampling; product, equipment, and laboratory certification; and, occupational health and safety management system registration/certification. Using the model, 16 of the 22 programs were found to have a third-party component in their conformity-assessment structure. The analysis revealed that (1) the model provides a useful means to describe and analyze various third-party approaches, (2) the model needs modification to capture aspects of traditional governmental conformity-assessment/enforcement activities, and (3) several existing third-party conformity-assessment systems offer robust models that can guide future third-party policy formulation and implementation activities.

  16. Formulating customer's power deficiency for GENCOs to perform third-party supply

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang-Chien, Le-Ren; Chu, I-Chieh [Electrical Engineering Department of National Cheng Kung University, Tainan (China)

    2008-02-15

    In the ongoing trend of restructuring the electricity market worldwide, ancillary services are introduced for operating entities to realize the market function and maintain system security. As generation has been unbundled from the vertically integrated structure, the generation companies (GENCOs) willing to join the power market would be interested in how the direct service between suppliers and customers be effectively realized at lower operating costs, while maintaining the operating service at the satisfactory level. This paper presents a method to estimate specific customer's power deficiency that is used for GENCOs to provide the bilateral ancillary service. Results showing the proposed method in the simulated condition were performing as desired. An adaptive frequency bias setting is utilized to develop a bias logic based gain-scheduling controller. Simulation results showed that the proposed controller is feasible for GENCOs to enhance bilateral regulation performance. (author)

  17. The Effects of Resource Bundling on Third-party Logistics Providers’ Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noorliza Karia

    2015-03-01

    resource bundling (excluding advanced technology is required to achieve cost leadership. The effects of other resources on performance are mediated mainly by the demand management interface capability and knowledge resources. This is a novel attempt to justify the interaction and mediation effects of resources and capabilities on performance. The research highlights the needs for 3PL managers to focus on developing and bundling their demand management interface capability and knowledge resources in order to achieve cost leadership, and further combine advanced technology into such bundling of resources and capabilities to achieve innovation in customer service. It advances the application of resource-based view (RBV theory in logistics research by identifying resources that play supporting roles and examining the capabilities for enhancing 3PLs’ competitive performance.

  18. Third party internet seals: reviewing the effects on online consumer trust

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kerkhof, P.; van Noort, G.; Lee, I.

    2010-01-01

    Buying online is still perceived as risky. A key strategy of online marketers to increase consumer trust in online ordering is to display privacy and security seals on their web sites. Although research indicates that these Internet seals do not necessarily mean better safety for online consumers, f

  19. Public Auditing and Data Dynamics in Cloud with Performance Assessment on Third Party Auditor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    P. Sawant, Snehal; Deshmukh, Aaradhana A.; Mihovska, Albena Dimitrova

    2016-01-01

    Cloud computing allows the user to outsource their computation and storage overhead to a public cloud, managed by cloud service providers. Data stored in the cloud may reside on remotely servers and this raises security issues. This paper addresses the issue of data storage integrity. The scheme...

  20. A Third-Party Evaluation to Assess the Impact of the Quality Assistance Plan. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormick, Fred C.; McCormick, Eileen R.

    In 1984, the State Board of Education, Department of Adult, Vocational, and Technical Education (DAVTE), contracted with an outside evaluator to assess the impact of the Illinois Quality Assistance Plan (QAP). (The QAP is a state-funded program for locally initiated, developed, implemented, and evaluated projects that was begun in Fiscal Year…

  1. The Third Party Diary: Tracking the trackers on Dutch governmental websites

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Velden, L.

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses how the browser plugin Ghostery contributes to a particular understanding of contemporary consumer surveillance by making Web tracking transparent. The Tracker Tracker is a digital methods tool that, by following Ghostery, detects trackers on specific sets of URLs. It was used

  2. 30 CFR 285.528 - May I use a third-party guaranty to meet the financial assurance requirement for lease or grant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... financial assurance requirement for lease or grant activities? 285.528 Section 285.528 Mineral Resources... financial assurance requirement for lease or grant activities? (a) You may use a third-party guaranty if the... EXISTING FACILITIES ON THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Payments and Financial Assurance...

  3. Can third-party help improve data quality in research interviews? A natural experiment in a hard-to-study population

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Quetulio-Navarra, M.; Vaart, van der W.; Niehof, A.

    2015-01-01

    In some survey research settings, it may be not attainable or optimal to interview individual respondents without involving bystanders or third parties in the interview. Due to complex living circumstances or group culture, respondents may be helped by others in answering questions. However, this in

  4. 基于第三方认证的云服务信任模型%Cloud service trust models based on the third-party certification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文婧; 杜惠英; 吕廷杰

    2012-01-01

    This article constructed two cloud service trust game models with and without third party certification institutions, set up the cloud service trading mechanism and the trust management mechanism based on the third party certification using game theory, and finally compared the cloud service trust evaluation model with electronic commerce trust system. This article further perfected the credit evaluation methods of existing cloud providers, and provided decision-making information with more trust for cloud users. Through the models and mechanism above, we can draw a conclusion: to found third party certification institutions are an effective measures to control the risk of cloud computing environment.%基于云服务的特征,按照存在或不存在第三方认证机构建立两种云服务信任博弈模型,建立基于第三方认证的云服务交易机制与信任管理机制,最后构建云服务信任评价模型,并与电子商务的信任系统做了对比研究,进一步完善现有的云提供商信用水平评价方法,为云用户提供了更完善可信的决策信息.通过上述模型和机制的建立,得出结论:成立第三方认证机构是控制云计算环境下服务信任风险的有效措施.

  5. A proposal for implementation of the Treeplan on third party companies in the building industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Hazin Alencar

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The structuring of services providers companies in the civil construction sector is a fact that is highlighting along the years. The concern with the execution of the services planning by the contractors is an important point of those structuring. The significant changes in the civil construction industry are in function of the adoption of quality certification programs, programs of labor qualification, as well as to the knowledge of new processes and new tools. In this way, this work proposes the use of a tool to aid the decision-makers to make decisions referring to the attendance of not planned services.

  6. Solar PV Project Financing: Regulatory and Legislative Challenges for Third-Party PPA System Owners

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kollins, K.; Speer, B.; Cory, K.

    2009-11-01

    Residential and commercial end users of electricity who want to generate electricity using on-site solar photovoltaic (PV) systems face challenging initial and O&M costs. The third-party ownership power purchase agreement (PPA) finance model addresses these and other challenges. It allows developers to build and own PV systems on customers? properties and sell power back to customers. However, third-party electricity sales commonly face five regulatory challenges. The first three challenges involve legislative or regulatory definitions of electric utilities, power generation equipment, and providers of electric services. These definitions may compel third-party owners of solar PV systems to comply with regulations that may be cost prohibitive. Third-party owners face an additional challenge if they may not net meter, a practice that provides significant financial incentive to owning solar PV systems. Finally, municipalities and cooperatives worry about the regulatory implications of allowing an entity to sell electricity within their service territories. This paper summarizes these challenges, when they occur, and how they have been addressed in five states. This paper also presents alternative to the third-party ownership PPA finance model, including solar leases, contractual intermediaries, standardized contract language, federal investment tax credits, clean renewable energy bonds, and waived monopoly powers.

  7. On infringement of the third Party system%论第三人侵害债权制度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚运

    2014-01-01

    第三人侵害债权制度在大多数国家的法律体系中都已得到了正式的确立,在保障债权人权益领域已发挥重大作用。但我国法律并未正式确立该项制度,其中最大的障碍是对传统理论债的相对性的固守,导致债权不能成为侵权行为的客体。债权作为一种民事权利,不能仅因债权的相对性而排除了侵权法对其的保护。%The infringement of the third party system in the legal systems of most countries have been formally established, has played an important role in the protection of creditor rights field. But the law of our country has not established the system, which is the biggest obstacle to the traditional theory of relativity to the object, leading to claims can not be tort. Creditor's rights as a kind of civil rights, not only because of the relative rights and exclude the protection of the law of tort.

  8. DSHEA's third-party literature exemption; mail order sales, direct marketing, and Internet use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raubicheck, C J

    1999-01-01

    This article examines ways in which marketers of dietary supplements can make use of the "third-party literature" section of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA). This provision permits persons or entities, other than manufacturers or distributors, to distribute to consumers certain publications in connection with the sale of particular supplements. These publications may include statements about the therapeutic benefits of such products without subjecting the products to regulation by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as unapproved new drugs. Specifically, this article addresses the following: Can a dietary supplement manufacturer or distributor send third-party literature about a dietary supplement to a customer in a mail order sales transaction? Can third-party literature be disseminated by mail with dietary supplement catalogues only? Can third-party literature be disseminated by sales representatives engaged in direct marketing of dietary supplements? Can third-party literature appear on the Internet? The answer appears to be affirmative in each of these situations.

  9. 国际商事仲裁第三人制度研究%Research on the third party system in the international commercial arbitration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    茹艳爽

    2011-01-01

    Arbitration is one of the most mportant method of ADR,which is sometimes related to the third party.The Third Party Principle in the field of International Commercial Arbitration is set to resovle multi-national and multi-parties disputes.Considering The%仲裁第三制度就是为了解决多方当事人争议而发展起来的一种理论。国际商事纠纷的复杂性更需要一种经济、快捷的解决多方当事人的争议的纠纷解决机制。仲裁第三制度成为一种普遍选择和必然趋势。

  10. Costly third-party punishment in young children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAuliffe, Katherine; Jordan, Jillian J; Warneken, Felix

    2015-01-01

    Human adults engage in costly third-party punishment of unfair behavior, but the developmental origins of this behavior are unknown. Here we investigate costly third-party punishment in 5- and 6-year-old children. Participants were asked to accept (enact) or reject (punish) proposed allocations of resources between a pair of absent, anonymous children. In addition, we manipulated whether subjects had to pay a cost to punish proposed allocations. Experiment 1 showed that 6-year-olds (but not 5-year-olds) punished unfair proposals more than fair proposals. However, children punished less when doing so was personally costly. Thus, while sensitive to cost, they were willing to sacrifice resources to intervene against unfairness. Experiment 2 showed that 6-year-olds were less sensitive to unequal allocations when they resulted from selfishness than generosity. These findings show that costly third-party punishment of unfair behavior is present in young children, suggesting that from early in development children show a sophisticated capacity to promote fair behavior.

  11. Review of Research on Third Party Logistics%第三方物流研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡惟璇

    2013-01-01

    随着第三方物流(Third-party Logistics,TPL)产业在西方国家的迅速发展,TPL在学术界引起了广泛的关注.目前,尽管TPL的相关文献不少,但致力于TPL总体概况及综合评述的研究却为数不多.其写作目的就是为了加强对TPL当前研究成果的全面了解,希冀对将来的研究有所启示.

  12. Study on Customer Satisfaction of Third Party Logistics Services%第三方物流服务的顾客满意度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张广敬

    2012-01-01

    分析了第三方物流服务的内容、特征和第三方物流企业应对激烈竞争的策略,进而介绍了顾客满意度理论,探讨了顾客满意的机制,然后提出第三方物流企业员工满意度和顾客满意度的评价指标体系和测算模型,为企业实施顾客满意战略提供了参考;最后提出了第三方物流企业实施顾客满意战略的意义.%In this paper, we analyzed the content and characteristics of third party logistics services as well as the strategy for third party logistics providers to adapt to fierce competition and then introduced the theory and working mechanism of customer satisfaction. Then, we proposed the evaluation index system and measuring model of the employee satisfaction and customer satisfaction of third party logistics providers and at the end, pointed out the significance of the implementation of customer satisfaction strategy for third party logistics service providers.

  13. Third-party punishment as a costly signal of trustworthiness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Jillian J; Hoffman, Moshe; Bloom, Paul; Rand, David G

    2016-02-25

    Third-party punishment (TPP), in which unaffected observers punish selfishness, promotes cooperation by deterring defection. But why should individuals choose to bear the costs of punishing? We present a game theoretic model of TPP as a costly signal of trustworthiness. Our model is based on individual differences in the costs and/or benefits of being trustworthy. We argue that individuals for whom trustworthiness is payoff-maximizing will find TPP to be less net costly (for example, because mechanisms that incentivize some individuals to be trustworthy also create benefits for deterring selfishness via TPP). We show that because of this relationship, it can be advantageous for individuals to punish selfishness in order to signal that they are not selfish themselves. We then empirically validate our model using economic game experiments. We show that TPP is indeed a signal of trustworthiness: third-party punishers are trusted more, and actually behave in a more trustworthy way, than non-punishers. Furthermore, as predicted by our model, introducing a more informative signal--the opportunity to help directly--attenuates these signalling effects. When potential punishers have the chance to help, they are less likely to punish, and punishment is perceived as, and actually is, a weaker signal of trustworthiness. Costly helping, in contrast, is a strong and highly used signal even when TPP is also possible. Together, our model and experiments provide a formal reputational account of TPP, and demonstrate how the costs of punishing may be recouped by the long-run benefits of signalling one's trustworthiness.

  14. Selfish third parties act as peacemakers by transforming conflicts and promoting cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halevy, Nir; Halali, Eliran

    2015-06-02

    The tremendous costs of conflict have made humans resourceful not only at warfare but also at peacemaking. Although third parties have acted as peacemakers since the dawn of history, little is known about voluntary, informal third-party intervention in conflict. Here we introduce the Peacemaker Game, a novel experimental paradigm, to model and study the interdependence between disputants and third parties in conflict. In the game, two disputants choose whether to cooperate or compete and a third party chooses whether or not to intervene in the conflict. Intervention introduces side payments that transform the game disputants are playing; it also introduces risk for the third party by making it vulnerable to disputants' choices. Six experiments revealed three robust effects: (i) The mere possibility of third-party intervention significantly increases cooperation in interpersonal and intergroup conflicts; (ii) reducing the risk to third parties dramatically increases intervention rates, to everyone's benefit; and (iii) disputants' cooperation rates are consistently higher than third parties' intervention rates. These findings explain why, how, and when self-interested third parties facilitate peaceful conflict resolution.

  15. When the third party observer of a neuropsychological evaluation is an audio-recorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Constantinou, Marios; Ashendorf, Lee; McCaffrey, Robert J

    2002-08-01

    The presence of third parties during neuropsychological evaluations is an issue of concern for contemporary neuropsychologists. Previous studies have reported that the presence of an observer during neuropsychological testing alters the performance of individuals under evaluation. The present study sought to investigate whether audio-recording affects the neuropsychological test performance of individuals in the same way that third party observation does. In the presence of an audio-recorder the performance of the participants on memory tests declined. Performance on motor tests, on the other hand, was not affected by the presence of an audio-recorder. The implications of these findings in forensic neuropsychological evaluations are discussed.

  16. Direct claims of third parties on participants in an upstream joint venture. A few significant differences between the Netherlands, England and the USA; Directe aanspraken van derden op de deelnemers in een upstream joint venture. Enkele significante verschillen tussen Nederland, Engeland en de Verenigde Staten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Otterbeek, D.M.J.M. [Upstream International Commercial/NBD, Shell International, Den Haag (Netherlands); Joosten, J.J.H. [Hughes and Hubbard and Reed LLP, New York (United States)

    2011-08-15

    This article compares the civil liability of non operators in an upstream joint venture towards third parties in the Netherlands, England and the United States, based on either an agreement or on an unlawful action. A contemporary example of a situation in which this issue occurs is the Macondo/Deepwater Horizon incident. The conclusion is that the outlines of Dutch law and American law can lead to similar results, whereas English law deviates significantly. [Dutch] Dit artikel vergelijkt de civielrechtelijke aansprakelijkheid van non-operators in een upstream joint venture jegens derden in Nederland, Engeland en de Verenigde Staten op grond van hetzij een overeenkomst hetzij een onrechtmatige daad. Een actueel voorbeeld van een situatie waarin deze vraag zich voordoet is het Macondo/Deepwater Horizon incident. De conclusie luidt dat Nederlands recht en Amerikaans recht in grote lijnen tot vergelijkbare uitkomsten kunnen leiden, terwijl Engels recht daar significant van afwijkt.

  17. International law on nuclear liability - a critical approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopuski, J.Z. [Nicolas Copernicus Univ., Torun (Poland)

    1995-12-31

    The author discusses in detail the following topics: Compensation for domestic nuclear damage and for transfrontier nuclear damage - rule of formal equality of parties which belongs to the basic rule of civil law considering the position of domestic and foreign victims of a grave accident-juridical consequences of the preponderant role played by the state in the promotion, development and supervision of the nuclear industry-rationale for applying the concept of global limitation of liability in the law on nuclear liability and compensation - financial consequences of uncompensated nuclear damage, borne by the victims directly affected or spread over the whole community of the affected state? (HP)

  18. The Activity Based Costing method opportunity to assess and master the aircraft maintenance service cost for Third Party: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Driss Rchid

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This work illustrates how to calculate accurate aircraft maintenance costs using Activity Based Costing (ABC. Comparing to traditional cost calculation, the proposed method is useful for aircrafts maintenance activity integrated to Airline Company and who wants to diversify its revenue by selling some available maintenance slots to third party clients for a competitive price. This paper takes base maintenance check process of a Moroccan airline aircrafts maintenance activity as a case study. The actual method used to calculate aircraft maintenance check cost cant not be applied to third party client pricing system. The ABC method shows substantial benefits if it is successfully implemented. Data collection through interviews and questionnaires are the main sources to this study.

  19. ON ELECTRONIC COMMERCE AND THIRD PARTY LOGISTICS%电子商务与第三方物流

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    平海; 李兆卉

    2001-01-01

    The quickly developed electronic commerce is changing or(will change) pepl e's daily life a nd their working style(In the end, it will be all the people).The Enterprise h as put forward the third party logistics that suits our national condition by analyzing the development situation of the logistics enterprise under the interior and external electronic commerce.%迅猛发展的电子商务正在或将要改 变许多人(最终是所有人)的日常生活和工作模 式。笔者通过分析电子商务下物流业的发展现状,提出适合我国国情的第三方物流模式。

  20. 对我国第三人撤销之诉的反思%Reflections on the Appeal of Revocation by the Third Party in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛国清

    2014-01-01

    The protection of the interests of the third party is a widespread concern of every country’s civil litigation system.Researching the similar systems of related countries,we find the civil procedure law amended in 2012 and the third party opposition proceeding added,but the proceeding has contained certain problems,in-cluding unreasonable system arrangement,the limited applicable scope,and the unreasonable coordination with application for rehearing by a person other than those involved in the case.The ideal design is that in order to highlight the special relief function,the third party opposition proceeding should be placed behind the retrial procedure;the third party should be understood in a broad sense;namely,a person other than those involved in the case;the application for rehearing by a person other than those involved in the case and the third party op-position proceeding has the function of duplication so as to keep the third party opposition proceeding.%第三人利益的保护是各国民事诉讼普遍关注的内容。考察相关国家的类似制度我们发现,我国2012年修改的民事诉讼法增设的第三人撤销之诉存在着体例安排不合理、主体适用范围受限及与案外人申请再审制度并存设计不合理等问题。而较理想的设计是将第三人撤销之诉置于再审程序之后,以突出其特殊救济的功能;对第三人应作广义的理解,即案外第三人;鉴于案外人申请再审与第三人撤销之诉存在着功能上的重复,故保留第三人撤销之诉即可。

  1. How much drinking water can be saved by using rainwater harvesting on a large urban area? application to Paris agglomeration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belmeziti, Ali; Coutard, Olivier; de Gouvello, Bernard

    2014-01-01

    This paper is based on a prospective scenario of development of rainwater harvesting (RWH) on a given large urban area (such as metropolitan area or region). In such a perspective, a new method is proposed to quantify the related potential of potable water savings (PPWS) indicator on this type of area by adapting the reference model usually used on the building level. The method is based on four setting-up principles: gathering (definition of buildings-types and municipalities-types), progressing (use of an intermediate level), increasing (choice of an upper estimation) and prioritizing (ranking the stakes of RWH). Its application to the Paris agglomeration shows that is possible to save up to 11% of the total current potable water through the use of RWH. It also shows that the residential sector offers the most important part because it holds two-thirds of the agglomeration PPWS.

  2. 第三方物流增值服务在供应链运作体系中的应用研究%Study on Third Party Logistics Value- added Services on the Application of Supply Chain Operation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔令华; 柳国庆

    2012-01-01

    In the fierce market competition environment, the third party logistics enterprise in the role of the supply chain operation system can not be ignored, and traditional third party logistics services such as transportation, warehousing and storage, etc, already cannot satisfy supply chain operation further expansion and efficiency optimization, and the third party logistics value - added service will be in the next step of the supply chain operation play key role. The third party logistics value - added service is not limited to the traditional cost control, more attention to improve the quality of our service and supply chain system operation whole optimization. This paper first discusses the third party logistics value - added service of the current situation of the application and then on to the third party logistics enterprise to provide value -added services is studied and analyzed, and finally the third party logistics value - added services supply chain operation system is introduced.%在激烈的市场竞争环境下,第三方物流企业在供应链运作体系中的作用不可忽视,而传统的第三方物流服务如运输、仓储等,已不能满足供应链运作的进一步扩展和效率优化,基于此,通过对第三方物流增值服务在供应链运作体系中的应用研究,可以得出这样的结论,第三方物流的增值服务将在下一步的供应链运作中发挥关键性的作用,第三方物流增值服务不限于传统的成本控制,更多地注重服务质量的提高和供应链体系运作的整体优化。

  3. Effects of consumption of Brussels sprouts on intestinal and lymphocytic glutathione S-transferases in humans

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijhoff, W.A.; Grubben, M.J.A.L.; Nagengast, F.M.; Jansen, J.B.M.J.; Verhagen, H.; Poppel, G. van; Peters, W.H.M.

    1995-01-01

    A high intake of glucosinolate-containing cruciferous vegetables, such as Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleraceae), has been linked to a decreased cancer risk, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. The aim of this study was to reveal possible modulating effects of consumption of Brussels sprou

  4. 29 CFR 1425.6 - Use of third-party mediation assistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use of third-party mediation assistance. 1425.6 Section 1425.6 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION SERVICE MEDIATION ASSISTANCE IN THE FEDERAL SERVICE § 1425.6 Use of third-party mediation assistance. If the...

  5. The Effect of Channel Structures on Third-party Collecting Closed-loop Supply Chain%渠道结构对第三方负责回收闭环供应链的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂佳佳

    2012-01-01

    Reverse logistics (e. g. product remanufacturing or recycling) practices can not only reduce the natural resources needed and the waste produced, but also help reduce the environmental burden. It is not unusual to see in practice the used-product collection activity contracted by a manufacturer to a third party, who is engaged only in the collection of the used products from the market. For example, in the automobile industry, used-product collection activities for the original equipment manufacturers are handled by some independent third parties. Recently, in the United States the "big three" auto manufacturers started to invest in joint research and remanufacturing partnerships with dismantling centers to benefit from their experiences and economics of scale. With the independent third parties joining the closed-loop supply chain, it becomes more difficult to study the closed-loop supply chain for of the increasing number supply chain members. In the third-party collecting closed-loop supply chain, there are several channels structures including no strategic alliance, strategic alliance between the retailer and the manufacturer, strategic alliance between the retailer and the third-party and strategic alliance between the manufacturer and the third-party. In this research, the aim is to examine the effect of these channel structures on the performance of members in a third-party collecting closed-loop supply chain. First, this paper adopts the game theory to develop four models of closed-loop supply chain. Second, the optimal retail prices, wholesale prices, return rates and profits of these models are derived. Third, these four models are compared with each other. Fourth, the effect of system parameters on the performance of members is researched with numerical simulation and some new findings are revealed. This study shows five interesting results. First, the retail price is the highest, the demand is the least and return rate is the lowest in the no strategic

  6. Study on Anhui Third-party Logistics Enterprise's Core Competitiveness%浅议安徽省第三方物流企业核心竞争力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁艳明

    2014-01-01

    Objective to understand the current situation of the third party logistics enterprise core competitiveness in Anhui Province, and so as to offer advice to the person concerned and the government and businesses about the third party logistics enterprise core competitiveness.This paper combination of questionnaire investigation and literature research method to study the third party logistics enterprise core competitiveness in Anhui Province. The paper are about boosting the core competitiveness of the third party logistics enterprise in Anhui Province needs from the help of the government, and the perspective of building their own enterprise, and more attention to the customer's relation, and attaches great importance to the logistics personnel training.%文中研究的目的是为了解安徽省第三方物流企业核心竞争力发展情况,为政府、企业相关人士提高第三方物流核心竞争力提供建议。文中结合了调查法和文献研究法对安徽省第三方物流企业核心竞争力进行研究,指出提高安徽省第三方物流企业核心竞争力需要从依靠政府的支持、加强企业自身的建设、利用信息技术、重视客户关系管理、重视物流人才培养等方面入手。

  7. A Probe into the Third-party Intervention Mode in Environmental Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨儒石; 李悦; 郗敏; 孔范龙; 吴玉光

    2010-01-01

    In environmental management,the absence and offside of the government,enterprises carry heavy burden,all these phenomena require a third-party to exercise part of the power instead of the government or the enterprises and also take on part of their responsibility.

  8. 第三方物流服务的顾客满意度研究--基于电子商务情景%Reasearch on Customer Satisfaction to Third-party Logistics Services---In an E-commerce Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩超群

    2014-01-01

    In the context of Chinese e-commerce, based on prior studies of logistic service quality and interviews of logistics customers, this paper developed the model of third-party logistics services customers' satisfaction by focusing on the two aspects of physical distribution and customer services of third-party logistics services and also information systems level and brand image. Structural equation model technology was used for analyzing 423 customers of third-party logistics services. The results indicate that physical distribution and customer services of third-party logistics services are both important aspects of third-party logistics services quality. The third-party logistics services quality has positive influence on customers' satisfaction. Information systems level and brand image not only have direct and positive impacts on third-party logistics services quality , but also have important indirect and positive impacts on customers' satisfaction.%在中国电子商务情景下,基于国内外物流服务质量与顾客满意的相关文献和顾客的访谈,从第三方物流服务的实体配送服务质量和顾客营销服务质量两个方面出发,结合信息系统和营销学领域的信息化水平和品牌形象变量构建了我国电子商务情景下第三方物流的顾客满意度模型。采用结构方程模型对收集的423份国内电子商务第三方物流服务顾客数据进行分析。结果表明,电子商务情景下,除实体配送服务质量外,顾客营销服务质量是第三方物流服务质量的关键维度。研究还发现,第三方物流服务质量显著正向影响顾客对物流服务的满意度;物流信息化水平和品牌形象对第三方物流服务质量存在显著正向影响,且还通过第三方物流服务质量对顾客满意存在重要的间接影响。

  9. Sharing Residual Liability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carbonara, Emanuela; Guerra, Alice; Parisi, Francesco

    2016-01-01

    Economic models of tort law evaluate the efficiency of liability rules in terms of care and activity levels. A liability regime is optimal when it creates incentives to maximize the value of risky activities net of accident and precaution costs. The allocation of primary and residual liability...... allows policy makers to induce parties to undertake socially desirable care and activity levels. Traditionally, tort law systems have assigned residual liability either entirely on the tortfeasor or entirely on the victim. In this paper, we unpack the cheapest-cost-avoider principle to consider...

  10. The Third Party Logistics Partner Selection of B2C E-Commerce Enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Wei

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, with the rapid development of Internet, e-commerce enterprises in China is at an alarming rate of sustainable development, the B2C e-commerce in the online shopping market accounted for a large proportion, with the rapid change of the market and customer needs to establish a flexible distribution service is one of the many e-commerce companies need to solve. Using self logistics capital occupancy bigger; the logistics alliance, with the risk of internal information disclosure; and on the third party logistics, not only capital and manpower can be effectively used, helps enterprises to strengthen the core business. Therefore, it is very important to choose the appropriate third party logistics providers to reduce operating costs and improve the market influence. This paper analyses the existing problems in the third party logistics, the establishment of a more complete index system, according to the actual situation of the suppliers, using the improved AHP method and the entropy coefficient method to get the comprehensive weight, finally get the approximation method to meet the business requirements of the logistics service providers use the ideal, for commercial enterprises to third party logistics service provider selection and puts forward some available models.

  11. 石化装置大检修第三方HSE管理探讨%Discussion on Third-party HSE Management during the Petrochemical Plants Maintenance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王绪鹏; 辛平

    2012-01-01

    近年来,为加强装置大检修过程的HSE管理,部分石化企业在装置大检修过程中引入第三方HSE管理,取得了优秀的HSE业绩。总结近年石化装置大检修HSE管理实践经验,阐述了第三方HSE管理的概念及模式,并对第三方HSE管理的优势和实旄的具体做法进行了探讨,以为石化装置大检修的HSE管理提供参考。%In recent years, in order to strengthen HSE management, some petrochemiacal companies introduce the third-party HSE management during the plants maintenance, and have made excellent HSE performance. Summary of experience in the HSE management practice in recent years, this paper introduces the conception and the mode of third-party HSE management during the petrochemical plants maintenance, and discusses the advantages and the implementing method of third-party HSE management to provide reference for HSE management.

  12. 基于SaaS的第三方物流企业信息平台架构及其应用%Information Platform Architecture and Its Application of Third-Party Logistics Enterprises Based on SaaS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平; 赵昆

    2013-01-01

      为了解决中小型第三方物流企业在信息化建设中遇到的问题,并使其在竞争中获得优势,本文首先提出基于一个云计算的第三方物流应用模式,在此基础上,提出基于SaaS的第三方物流企业信息平台架构,然后对SaaS模式物流信息系统的总体结构进行设计,并分析SaaS模式为中小型第三方物流企业带来的优势。%In order to solve the problems of information systems for small and medium-sized third-party logistics enterprises,and make the enterprises gain advantages in competition, this paper puts forwards an application pattern of third-party logistics enterprises based on the cloud computing at first. On this basis, the information platform architecture of third-party logistics enterprise is proposed based on SaaS. And then, the overall structure of the logistics information system is designed. Finally, the benefits that SaaS brings for the third-party logistics enterprises are analyzed.

  13. Code-switching as appraisal resource in talking about third parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baumgarten, Nicole

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the function of code-switching in talking about absent third parties. The basis for the investigation is a corpus of sociolinguistic individual and group interviews with German immigrants in the US and American immigrants in Germany. In these interviews, the interviewees are asked to recount their migration experiences and their lives before and after migration. For each individual speaker, the interviewer and – in the group interviews – the other participants in the group are, on the one hand, potentially 'sympathetic' fellow migrants. On the other hand, however, they are potentially problematic figures, because talking about absent third parties means that these third parties might share characteristics with the interviewer or the others in the group. Talking about third parties can, thus, be face-threatening for both the interviewer and the interviewees. In the analyses presented in this article, we identify how speakers employ English-to-German code-switching when it comes to verbalizing others – specifically members of home and host cultures – in discourse and how they position themselves and their audience in relation to them.

  14. Segmentasi Pasar Penyedia Jasa Logistik (Third Party Logistics di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darjat Sudrajat

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Market segmentation is fundamental in marketing strategy and the first step of market-based strategy preparation, to strengthen its marketing efficiency, and creating opportunities for sales growth and profits. This also applies to market segmentation logistics service providers (TPL - Third Party Logistics, the market is highly developed in the last decade, so that the logistics service providers has to develop marketing strategies properly. The purpose of this research is to gain a better understanding of different industries that exist today and map the needs of the logistics services of TPL customers. Based on exploration research conducted, it can be found in conformities relating to the logistics industry from several companies, ie appropriateness to the complexity of logistics activities of some companies and degree of investment of TPL services company in conducting the activity. Logistics service provider market segmentation can be based on variable complexity of logistics activities, whether it is high, medium or low and variable degrees of investment in the company whether minor, major, or integrated/total. Companies in different industries can have the same logistic service requirements and companies in the same industry can have different logistic service requirements. Client companies for logistics service providers which product handling are classified as semi-complex is the most attractive customer segments for being penetrated. The industries are classified into this segment is automotive, food and beverage, animal food, ceramic, and plantation. 

  15. Sex, attractiveness, and third-party punishment in fairness consideration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jia; Zhou, Xiaolin

    2014-01-01

    Social evaluation of others is often influenced by the physical attractiveness of the person being judged, leading to either a beauty premium or penalty depending on the circumstances. Here we asked Chinese participants to act as an interest-free third party in a dictator game and to evaluate the fairness level of monetary allocation by attractive and less attractive proposers of the same or opposite sex. We also instructed participants to express their willingness to punish the proposers by using a visual analogue scale. Results confirmed that the reasonableness evaluation was mainly affected by the reasonableness of offers. However, participants' intention to punish the proposers was affected by the level of reasonableness in the asset distribution and by both the sex and attractiveness of the proposers. Overall, male proposers were punished more severely than female proposers. Moreover, the same-sex proposers were punished more severely than opposite-sex proposers when they were physically attractive; this pattern was reversed when the proposers were less physically attractive. These results demonstrate social responses following an individual's unfair asset distribution can be affected by both social norms and the personal characteristics of the individual.

  16. Sex, attractiveness, and third-party punishment in fairness consideration.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia Li

    Full Text Available Social evaluation of others is often influenced by the physical attractiveness of the person being judged, leading to either a beauty premium or penalty depending on the circumstances. Here we asked Chinese participants to act as an interest-free third party in a dictator game and to evaluate the fairness level of monetary allocation by attractive and less attractive proposers of the same or opposite sex. We also instructed participants to express their willingness to punish the proposers by using a visual analogue scale. Results confirmed that the reasonableness evaluation was mainly affected by the reasonableness of offers. However, participants' intention to punish the proposers was affected by the level of reasonableness in the asset distribution and by both the sex and attractiveness of the proposers. Overall, male proposers were punished more severely than female proposers. Moreover, the same-sex proposers were punished more severely than opposite-sex proposers when they were physically attractive; this pattern was reversed when the proposers were less physically attractive. These results demonstrate social responses following an individual's unfair asset distribution can be affected by both social norms and the personal characteristics of the individual.

  17. Multiple Trust Model in Online Transaction by Trusted Third Party

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Suganya

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available the information fortune and the connectivity are provided by the universe of E-commerce over an enormous distance at all time. In an open and distributed environment the buyers or providers will not act in a mutually understood or agreed manner by which the incomplete practices and fraudulent activities happen. So in any online transaction the security and trust are two important factors that are to be considered. In Ecommerce markets the above mentioned problems are criticized as the most important barriers. In order to improve these barriers a trust based third party mechanism is successfully adopted as a self-regulatory system to improve the buyer and seller trust. The online transactions are made very easy now days by E-commerce technologies. Built integrity belief approach (BIB, Support Vector Mechanic approach (SVM and Random Number Generation approach (RNG are the three approaches which are mainly used in this paper for online trust management. The seller and the buyer communication will be handled through the trusted third party. Apart from this a coupon based approach is introduced as an advancement in this paper for providing discount schemes which is helpful in attracting the customer who purchase beyond the threshold level fixed by the seller. Moreover a product review study is integrated in order to reduce the scam reviews in online transactions.

  18. Paris and Then? Holding States to Account

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S.I.S.E.

    2016-01-01

    So much focus is now given to getting the Paris agreement on climate change “right,” particularly that the intended nationally determined commitments (INDCs) should be ambitious, effective, and fair. But what about the morning after? There is no automatism in international norms, whether legally bin

  19. Healthcare.gov shares personal data with third parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robbins RA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated after 150 words. According to the Associated Press, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid's (CMS website, HealthCare.gov, has been sending consumers’ personal data to private companies that specialize in advertising and analyzing Internet data for performance and marketing (1. What information is being disclosed was not immediately clear, but it could include age, income, ZIP code, and smoking status. It could also include a computer’s Internet address, which can identify a person’s name or address when combined with other information collected by sophisticated online marketing or advertising firms. “We deploy tools on the window shopping application that collect basic information to optimize and assess system performance,” said CMS’s Aaron Albright in a statement. “We believe that the use of these tools are common and represent best practices for a typical e-commerce site.” There is no evidence that personal information has been misused. But connections to dozens of third-party tech firms were documented by ...

  20. Outcomes and intentions in children's, adolescents', and adults' second- and third-party punishment behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gummerum, Michaela; Chu, Maria T

    2014-10-01

    Theories of morality maintain that punishment supports the emergence and maintenance of moral behavior. This study investigated developmental differences in the role of outcomes and the violator's intentions in second-party punishment (where punishers are victims of a violation) and third-party punishment (where punishers are unaffected observers of a violation). Four hundred and forty-three adults and 8-, 12-, and 15-year-olds made choices in mini-ultimatum games and newly-developed mini-third-party punishment games, which involved actual incentives rather than hypothetical decisions. Adults integrated outcomes and intentions in their second- and third-party punishment, whereas 8-year-olds consistently based their punishment on the outcome of the violation. Adolescents integrated outcomes and intentions in second- but not third-party punishment.

  1. Effect of Calcium Chloride and Cooling on Post-Harvest Brussels Cabbage (Brassica Oleracea L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Rincón Pérez

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the demand of crucifers has increased and particularly of Brussels sprouts (Brassica genus, species Brassica oleracea L.; mainly due to their functional properties; however, this vegetable is perishable and with inadequate techniques in postharvest handling, considerable losses are generated. The objective of this research was to determine the effect of calcium chloride and cooling on postharvest behavior of Brussels sprouts. A completely randomized design was performed, treatments corresponded to three storage temperatures (4°C, 8°C and temperature (18°C and three concentrations of calcium chloride (0%, 2% and 4% were used. Sprouts were harvested at commercial maturity on a farm irrigation district in Usochicamocha, Boyacá Department; of uniform size, excellent plant health and free from mechanical damage conditions. For 19 days of storage, weight loss, respiratory rate and total chlorophyll were measured. Sprouts stored at room temperature lasted 11days postharvest, while cooled lasted for 19 days. A significant effect in reducing weight loss between those sprouts which were stored at 4°C and 8°C and treated with calcium chloride solution at 4% was observed. For the respiratory rate was observed a significant reduction insprouts stored at 4°C. Therefore the most favorable temperature for the storage of Brussels sprouts is 4°C and calcium chloride solution 4%,useful information for producers and marketers.

  2. Liability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollander, Patricia A.

    Tort liability covers most injurious, civil, wrongful acts that occur between individuals. For tort liability to exist, four elements must be present: a duty to use due care, a breach of that duty, a direct causal relationship between the conduct complained of and the injury suffered, and proof of actual injury. Recent court cases involving tort…

  3. Third party losses in a comparative perspective Three short lectures in honour of W.H.V. Rogers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cees van Dam

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In honour of Horton Rogers, as the holder of the rotational G.J. Wiarda chair at Utrecht University, a symposium was held on 13 June 2007 concerning the right of third parties to compensation in cases of injury – one of the most provoking themes in tort law and the law of damages. The key question was to what extent relatives and the employer of an injured victim should be compensated for their pecuniary losses and the loss of earnings caused by the primary victim’s injuries. In three contributions an account of the state of the law was provided with regard to three European jurisdictions (English law, German law and Dutch law and the so-called ‘Principles on European Tort Law’ and ‘Principles on European Law on Liability for Damages’. These contributions show that all three national law systems have rights for relatives and employers to recover, in some form, but with substantial differences between the (rules governing the amount of compensation and as to the nature of these rights. Both sets of European principles demonstrate great differences as well. In each contribution further reflections are given on what would be the better position to take. These three contributions are brought together in this article in which also the state of the law is critically discussed.

  4. Study on the Third-party Evaluation Chain Model of the Basic Public Health Service%基本公共卫生服务第三方评估链模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景思霞; 陈菲; 陈娱瑜; 王遂; 谭华伟

    2014-01-01

    为科学、独立、公正地评估基本公共卫生服务的效果,在归纳第三方评估的特点和意义的基础上,构建基本公共卫生服务第三方评估链模式。基本公共卫生服务第三方评估链模式的推行需要公信力好、专业化水平高、独立性强的第三方评估机构和政府协同监督四个方面的保障。在基本公共卫生服务领域运用第三方评估链模式,对于提高基本公共卫生服务项目管理水平,提高卫生资源分配的公正性和有效性及专项资金的使用效率有着重要的意义。%In order to evaluate the effect of the basic public health service scientifically , independently and impartial-ly, the third-party evaluation chain model was constructed on the basis of summing up the characteristics and significance of the third-party evaluation.The third-party evaluation chain model of the basic public health service was supported by good credibil -ity, high professional level , strong independence of the third -party appraisal institutions and coordination supervision of govern-ment.The utilization of the third-party evaluation in the field of basic public health service was significant not only in improving the management level of basic public health service , but also in the fairness and effectiveness of health resource allocation and use efficiency of the special fund.

  5. Measuring Service Individuality in Third Party

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hsuan, Juliana; Prockl, Günter

    2013-01-01

    offerings and how to replicate or (re)design the new services offered. Depending on the level of complexity of the TPL services, firms need also to consider the implications of the replication and/or (re)design on the configuration of the supply chain, especially downstream. Originality/value - The paper...... crosses disciplinary boundaries and combines relevant research streams to provide a sound foundation for the categorization and classification of TPL services and for new service design/development (NSD) and supply chain configuration....... subject to a trade-off between the creation of complexity to reflect individual customer needs and the realization of synergy effects by the replication of common elements and the multiplied utilization of relevant resources for different customers. The appropriate mix of the more individual elements...

  6. Using Third-Party Inspectors in Building Energy Codes Enforcement in India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Kumar, Pradeep; Van Wie, Laura; Bhatt, Vatsal

    2013-01-31

    India is experiencing fast income growth and urbanization, and this leads to unprecedented increases in demand for building energy services and resulting energy consumption. In response to rapid growth in building energy use, the Government of India issued the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in 2007, which is consistent with and based on the 2001 Energy Conservation Act. ECBC implementation has been voluntary since its enactment and a few states have started to make progress towards mandatory implementation. Rajasthan is the first state in India to adopt ECBC as a mandatory code. The State adopted ECBC with minor additions on March 28, 2011 through a stakeholder process; it became mandatory in Rajasthan on September 28, 2011. Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh have started to draft an implementation roadmap and build capacity for its implementation. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) plans to encourage more states to adopt ECBC in the near future, including Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, West Bengal, and Delhi. Since its inception, India has applied the code on a voluntary basis, but the Government of India is developing a strategy to mandate compliance. Implementing ECBC requires coordination between the Ministry of Power and the Ministry of Urban Development at the national level as well as interdepartmental coordination at the state level. One challenge is that the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs), the enforcement entities of building by-laws, lack capacity to implement ECBC effectively. For example, ULBs in some states might find the building permitting procedures to be too complex; in other cases, lack of awareness and technical knowledge on ECBC slows down the amendment of local building by-laws as well as ECBC implementation. The intent of this white paper is to share with Indian decision-makers code enforcement approaches: through code officials, third-party inspectors, or a hybrid approach. Given the limited capacity and human

  7. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS ON INSOLVENCY AND JOINT LIABILITY ON TAX MATTERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    POPEANGĂ VASILE NICOLAE

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Romanian legislation stipulates incident in tax as a way of fighting outstanding tax debts in relation to certain conditionalities, the tax authorities can declare the insolvency of the debtor taxpayer and attracting joint liability of third parties on which transfer tax claims extinguish the obligation owed by the insolvent. According to various editions of the Dictionary of the Romanian Language through insolvency means "a situation in which the debtor whose assets are worth less than all obligations would be satisfied with the goods" [DEX 1998] or "situation of the debtor to be in default of debt outstanding [DEX 2009]. From the perspective of civil law, "insolvency resulting from the inferiority of the assets may be subject by law enforcement, to the total amount of outstanding debt" [Law 287/2009 on the Civil Code, art. 1417]. From the perspective of tax law "is insolvent debtor whose income or assets are worth less than the outstanding tax obligations or who has no income or assets" [GO 92/2003 regarding the Fiscal Procedure Code, art. 176].

  8. Paris Agreement on Climate Change: A Booster to Enable Sustainable Global Development and Beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subhash Janardhan Bhore

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The global warming and its adverse effects on the atmosphere, the biosphere, the lithosphere, and the hydrosphere are obvious. Based on this fact, the international community is fully convinced that we need to fix the problem urgently for our survival, good health, and wellbeing. The aim of this article is to promote the awareness about the United Nations (UN historic ‘Paris Agreement on Climate Change (PACC’ which entered into-force on 4 November 2016. The expected impact of PACC on the global average temperature rise by 2100 as well as its role in enabling accomplishment of global sustainable development goals (SDGs for the people and planet is also highlighted.

  9. Injunctions against innocent third parties : Case of website blocking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Husovec, Martin

    2013-01-01

    The paper discusses a phenomenon of injunctions against innocent third parties (in a tort law sense). One type of such injunctions, website blocking, is currently appearing in a spotlight around various European jurisdictions as a consequence of the implementation of Art. 8(3) of the Information Soc

  10. THE CRIMINAL LIABILITY OF CORPORATIONS – OVERVIEW ON RECENT CASE LAW OF THE ROMANIAN COURTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDRA ROXANA ILIE

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Although the criminal liability of corporations is now consecrated in Romanian for more than five years, there is however some reticence in engaging the liability of such person. Nonetheless, in the past years, it can be noticed an emergence of the files where the problem of the criminal liability of corporations is raised. The purpose of this paper is to present the main issues from the Romanian case law in this field. Several topics are to be mainly discussed, such as the enforcement of criminal sanctions such as the winding-up or the diffusion of the decision, the application of precautionary measures and interim measures against corporations, the possibility to call a corporation in the criminal trial both as accused and as third party called liable for other person’s acts etc. During this analysis, it can be noticed that the most common crimes perpetrated by corporations are related to employment issues, copyright, corruption, illegal drug trafficking etc. Therefore, the objectives pursued by the present study are to provide an approach on the most recent court decisions where criminal charges against corporations were carried out and to see how the relevant legal provisions were applied in these cases.

  11. Ownership, Managerial Control and the Governance of Companies Listed on the Brussels Stock Exchange

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Renneboog, L.D.R.

    1999-01-01

    This paper examines how corporate control is exerted in companies listed on the Brussels Stock Exchange. There are several alternative corporate governance mechanisms which may play a role in disciplining poorly performing management: blockholders (holding companies, industrial companies, families a

  12. Misconduct in third-party assisted reproduction: a committee opinion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Physicians who are told or discover information that would be material to another party's participation in an assisted reproductive technology (ART) arrangement (such as lawyer's, donor's, gestational carrier's, or intended parent's) should encourage disclosure to that party. In some instances, it is ethically and legally permissive for the physician to either disclose material information to an affected party or to transfer care of a patient to another willing provider. In all cases involving the legal status or rights of the parties, referral to legal professionals is advised.

  13. 16 CFR 240.13 - Customer's and third party liability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... knows, or should know, that it is receiving a discriminatory price through services or allowances not... for special promotion of the seller's product in connection with the customer's anniversary sale or... newspaper or other advertising medium that provides for a deferred rebate or other reduction in the price...

  14. Innovation adoption processes for third party property management companies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shockman, Chris; Piette, Mary Ann

    2000-07-01

    Innovation adoption studies have never been applied to third party property management companies. These companies manage buildings for a fee as their primary business. Property management companies are influential in the adoption process for new technologies because they act as gatekeepers for technical information. This study analyzes radical and routine adoption process that are found in large, professionally operated property management companies. The process is explicated. The technical managers, and their role as technology gate keepers, are described. The distinction to the technical managers between routine and radical technology is that routine technologies do something in a new way and radical technologies do something new. Observations concerning evaluation and adoption of information technologies are described. The findings suggest methods of successfully tailoring and introducing technologies to this market.

  15. Third-party grooming in a captive chimpanzee group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Yvan I

    2010-01-01

    Social grooming is ubiquitous among the captive chimpanzees at Chester Zoo. Seven individuals were chosen here for a study of third-party social dynamics. The grooming decisions of five adult males were analysed, but only insofar as they directed attention to a mother-daughter pair. Uniquely, the daughter was an unpopular and physically disabled subadult whose congenital motor impairments prevented her from grooming others effectively. The impetus for this study was the observation that some males increased their grooming towards the disabled daughter during days when the mother had a tumescent anogenital swelling (sexually attractive to males) compared to days when the mother was not tumescent (less attractive). Apparently, males were grooming the daughter with no possibility of payback (because the daughter could never "return the favour"). A "grooming rate" (avg. grooming time/hour) was calculated that showed the grooming efforts of all five males towards both mother and daughter. These rates were compared on days when (1) the mother's anogenital swelling was tumescent, and (2) days when the swelling was not tumescent. Each male showed a different pattern of behaviour. Two males groomed the daughter significantly more when the mother was tumescent. Results for all males were graphed against the quality of the social relationship between each male and the mother. Apparently, only males that had a weaker relationship to the mother groomed the daughter more when the mother was tumescent. This pattern did not exist for males with a stronger relationship to the mother. Possibly, the insecure males were using the disabled daughter as a way to curry favour with the attractive mother. If this is confirmed, then this type of triadic situation is a possible setting for indirect reciprocity to occur.

  16. Study on the Evolution Game between the Governments and the Third Party Pollution Treatment companies%政府与第三方治污的演化博弈研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜建国; 赵龙; 陈莉

    2015-01-01

    To find out the evolution law of the interactive process between the third party pollution treatment companies and governments,this paper,using the method of evolution economics,builds a payment matrix of the third party pollution treatment companies and governments,analyses the evolution model of the associations between the third party pollution treatment companies and governments,and shows the parametric diversity of decision -making and the effect of changing initial condition on evolution result by numerical simulation.The research reveals that the evolution system of the third par-ty pollution treatment companies and governments converges on two types of patterns,the converging probabilities change notably with the changing of cost and benefit;the research directs the system to jump out of the locked status,and points out that spontaneous evolution of association pattern between groups of the third party pollution treatment companies and governments is dependent on relative payment of various tactics;the government should enact strict environmental regula-tions;the third party pollution treatment companies should broaden their earnings path.%为研究政府与第三方治污之间交往的规则和制度形成的演化规律,借助演化经济学研究工具,建立政府和第三方治污的支付矩阵,分析政府和第三方治污企业交往过程的演化模型,展示决策参数的不同取值对演化结果的影响。研究发现,政府与第三方治污的交互关系演化系统收敛于两种模式,随着双方成本和收益的改变,收敛于不同模式的概率发生显著变化;为寻求跳出不良“锁定”状态指明了方向,现阶段政府与第三方治污群体的交往模式自发演化依赖于各种策略的相对支付;政府应当制定严厉的排污惩罚制度和环保法规;第三方治污应当扩宽企业的盈利路径。

  17. What's in a name? Variations in terminology of third-party reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beeson, Diane; Darnovsky, Marcy; Lippman, Abby

    2015-12-01

    The terminology used to discuss third-party reproduction, as with other new biomedical processes, can ease or impede communication and even influence behaviour. In an effort to sensitize analysts and stakeholders to variations in terminology and to facilitate communication on issues arising from international surrogacy arrangements, this paper examines variations in terms used. We introduce some of the issues previously raised by scholars concerned with analysis of discourse related to third-party reproduction. We then survey the terms used in English-language discussions to denote specific actors, including 'surrogates,' 'intended parents,' gamete providers and children, as well as terms used to describe 'surrogacy arrangements.' We conclude with a discussion on navigating and negotiating the use of these various and value-laden terms.

  18. Inter Organizational Relationships Performance in Third Party Logistics: conceptual framework and case study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aziz, Romana; Hillegersberg, van Jos; Kumar, Kuldeep

    2010-01-01

    Supplier relationship management is an important challenge for shippers in logistics outsourcing. This paper attempts to understand the factors which affect inter organizational relationships performance in third party logistics and proposes a conceptual framework specifically for inter organization

  19. Healthy food trends -- Brussels sprouts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... belong to the cabbage family, which also includes kale, broccoli, collard greens, and cauliflower. In fact, Brussels ... Brussels sprouts rank high in antioxidants, just after kale and spinach. Antioxidants are substances that can help ...

  20. Study on the Supervision Status Quo and Problems of the Legal Risks from the Third-party Payment%第三方支付法律风险的监管现状与问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩莉; 傅巧灵; 张峰

    2016-01-01

    Since 2010,People's Bank of China has issued a series of regulations for the management of the third-party payment, and a regulatory framework with external supervision and industry self-discipline has been formed. With the enactment of these regulations and rules, the legal regulatory gap on the third-party payment has been effec-tively made up for, the legal framework for the development of third-party payment industry has been established, and part of the legal risks have been solved, but there are still some arguments in the nature of third-party payment platform,business scope, utilization and the interest of belonging of precipitation funds. Therefore,China's govern-ment and financial supervision department need to implement the functional regulation, classified and cooperative su-pervision, promulgate high rates of laws about the third-party payment, increase applicable provisions for third-party payment to the existing laws,and get a balance between encouraging innovation and risk control.%自2010年开始,人民银行等部门推出了关于第三方支付的一系列管理办法,已初步形成了“外部监管+行业自律”的监管架构。这一系列法规和部门规章有效地弥补了我国第三方支付法律监管方面的空白,确立了第三方支付行业规范发展的法律框架,解决了部分法律风险,但是在机构属性、业务定位、沉淀资金利用和利息归属等方面仍存在较大的问题与争议。为此,应注重实行功能监管、协同监管和分类监管,出台针对第三方支付的高位阶法律,在原有相关法律中增加关于第三方支付的适用条款,并在鼓励创新和控制风险中取得平衡。

  1. Thinking of the Sound Development of the Third Party Logistics Based on the Exchange Theory%基于交换理论思考第三方物流的良性发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王顺林; 陈一芳

    2012-01-01

    Based on tile exchange theory', the article studies the contract curve fiwmed by tile cooperation between the manufacturing and the third party logistics, and puts hwwardthe reason why both sides are reluctant to change. It is the indifference curves behind the Pareto efficient allocation point that causes the effect. And with the help of the tint and secoral theorem of welfare economics, the article analyzes deeply the position in the market of the third party logistics and puts forward the views how the governments provides policies 1o protect the development of the third party logistics, how the governments set the time limit of policies support to encourage the growth of the third patty logistic, and how both the manufaeturing and the third party logistics strengthen their mutual learning curve effect.%利用交换理论,研究了制造业和第三方物流业融合时形成的契约曲线.提出了双方在合作过程中由于帕累托效率配置点背后的无差异曲线原因.造成双方改变动力不足的观点。结合福利经济学第一、第二定理,深入分析了目前第三方物流业在市场上处于的地位和不利局面。依据模型分析,提出了政府应该强化政策扶持、设置政策扶持时问限制.鼓励第三方物流自身壮大,以及强化双方的学习曲线融合效应等对策,

  2. Other-regarding attention focus modulates third-party altruistic choice: An fMRI study

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, Bastian; Hu, Yang; Krüger, Frank; Weber, Bernd

    2017-01-01

    Third-party altruistic decision-making has been shown to be modulated by other-regarding attention (e.g., focusing on the offender’s crime or the victim’s situation especially in judicial judgment). However, the neural mechanisms underlying this modulation remain poorly understood. In this fMRI study, participants voluntarily decided if they wanted to punish the first-party offender or help the second-party victim using their own monetary endowment in an unfair context. Particularly, before deciding they were asked to focus on the (un)fairness of the offender proposing the offer (offender-focused block, OB), the feeling of the victim receiving this offer (victim-focused block, VB), or without any specific focus (baseline block, BB). We found that compared to BB participants punished more frequently and prolonged help choices in OB, whereas they helped more frequently in VB. These findings were accompanied by an increased activation in the temporo-parietal junction (TPJ) during decision making in OB and VB. Moreover, regions relevant to cognitive control (esp. IFG/AI and the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex) were strongly recruited during specific choices conflicting the attention focus (e.g., choosing help in OB). Our findings revealed how other-regarding attention modulates third-party altruistic decision-making at the neural level. PMID:28220867

  3. 78 FR 13694 - Conference of the Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ... attend the sixteenth regular meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES (CoP16) in Bangkok... published our third such Federal Register notice on April 11, 2012 (77 FR 21798), and with it we announced... Federal Register notice, published on June 21, 2012 (77 FR 37433), we informed the public of...

  4. System dynamics research of remanufacturing closed-loop supply chain dominated by the third party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miao, Shidi; Wang, Tengfei; Chen, Deyun

    2017-01-01

    With the rapid development of the electronic information industry in recent years, electronic products are being updated faster and faster, and e-waste recycling has become a common problem around the world. Firstly, this article contrasts recycling at home and abroad using the predicament of Midea Corp. Based on a closed-loop supply chain with the system dynamics method, a model is constructed and simulated. In this model, the collection point coverage rate is introduced to adjust the e-waste recycling rate dynamically. Aiming at a recycling mode dominated by the third party of the closed-loop supply chain, the article mainly discusses the impact on the sales rate and market share of the recycling model by third-party enterprises and compares the total revenue of all supply chains. Simulation results show that the model is more effective and optimal than the traditional recycling model.

  5. 作业成本法在第三方物流企业成本核算中的应用%Application of Activity-Based Costing to the Third Party Logistics Enterprise Cost Accounting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖冰

    2012-01-01

    作业成本法的理论和应用在企业成本核算工作中越来越得到重视,但在第三方物流企业中的具体应用还不够广泛和深入.文章首先简要介绍了作业成本法的理论,分析了当前第三方物流企业成本核算工作中的现状和存在的问题,在此基础上提出了第三方物流企业应用作业成本法开展成本核算的思路,并结合某企业实际开展了具体分析的过程、方法等的研究.文章对第三方物流企业开展成本核算工作有较好的参考和借鉴意义.%The theory and application of Activity-Based Costing in project cost accounting for enterprise is paid more and more attention, but in third party logistics enterprises the concrete application is not wide and deep enough. This paper briefly introduces the activity-based costing theory, analysis of the current third party logistics enterprises in cost accounting of the status quo and existing problems, puts forward the third party logistics enterprise operation cost method used to carry out the train of thought of cost accounting, and combined with a practical enterprise carried out a specific analysis of the process, method and so on. Article on the third party logistics enterprises cost accounting has a good reference.

  6. 基于ARM的ModBus第三方接口协议模块%Third Party Protocol Transfer of ModBus Based on ARM Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申万义; 黄玉宝; 谷一

    2013-01-01

      为满足工业现场各种不同类型模块现场总线之间的数据相互传输的要求,设计了基于ARM硬件和软件体系的第三方接口协议模块。该模块由电源电路,CPU电路,逻辑控制电路和电平转换电路构成,并且基于ARM内核构成各个接口数据采集的驱动程序,实现了不同模块和不同协议之间的信息与数据的传输。测试和实际应用表明,该模块具有较高的实用性和可靠性等优点,达到了预期目的。%Design a third-party protocol module based on ARM hardware and software system to meet the requirement of data transfer and store between some different kinds of modules in industry field. The module consists of power circuit,CPU circuit, logic control circuit and voltage transfer circuit. Driver programs of data collection interface are designed based on ARM core and it realize the data and information transfer in different modules and different protocols. Practicability and reliability are proved in test and practical application.

  7. Properly Handling the Third Party Issues in Sino-U.S. Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The relationship between China and the United States is becoming increasingly important in the world; no longer is it limited to bilateral issues, and the third party issue has grown in significance. There are various kinds of third party countries.Some of these, such as Japan, South Korea, Australia and the European countries are U.S. allies. Some, like the central Asian and ASEAN states, are neighbors of China. In the category of major world powers we can also include Russia, India, Japan and the EU, while African and some Latin American countries are relatively marginalized. An important aspect of China's diplomacy in recent years has been to work hard on two fronts:to develop relations with the above mentioned countries, while at the same time taking note of the interests and concerns of the United States. China has achieved a successful balance between the two.

  8. 信息分享模式对第三方负责回收闭环供应链的影响%The Effect of Information Sharing Modes on the Third-Party Collecting Closed-loop Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂佳佳; 熊中楷

    2011-01-01

    研究了零售商预测信息分享对第三方负责回收闭环供应链的影响.分别建立了集中式闭环供应链下信息分享模型以及四种信息分享模式(无信息分享、信息仅与第三方分享、信息仅与制造商分享和信息与制造商和第三方均分享)的闭环供应链模型.研究发现,零售商分享其私有预测信息对其收益是不利的,但信息分享使得信息仅与第三方分享模式下供应链预期利润增加,通过建立信息分享补偿机制使得零售商有动机分享其需求预测信息.同时发现信息分享对各方的价值以及各方对信息分享模式的偏好取决于回收旧产品价格.%Rapid economic development is creating environmental concerns. Product remannfacturing or recycling is gaining attention for a number of reasons. These reverse logistics practices can not only reduce the natural resources needed and the waste produced,but also help reduce the environmental burden.A closed-loop supply chain consists of forward and reverse logistics. Depending on different collecting parties, a closed-loop supply chain can be collected by retailers, manufacturers and thirty parties.In a third-party collecting closed-loop supply chain, a retailer obtains more information about market demand than other supply chain members such as manufacturers or third-parties because of the retailer's market proximity.The primary goal of this research is to investigate the effect of a retailer's information advantage on the performance of third-party collecting closed-loop supply chains.A retailer has the option to share market demand information with other supply chain members.The research analyzes the decisions of every supply chain member with the asymmetric information game theory. We first develop a centralized collection model in the centralized closed-loop supply chain.We then develop four information sharing models for decentralized closed-loop supply chains: no information sharing

  9. Looking Under the Hood of Third-Party Punishment Reveals Design for Personal Benefit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasnow, Max M; Delton, Andrew W; Cosmides, Leda; Tooby, John

    2016-03-01

    Third-party intervention, such as when a crowd stops a mugger, is common. Yet it seems irrational because it has real costs but may provide no personal benefits. In a laboratory analogue, the third-party-punishment game, third parties ("punishers") will often spend real money to anonymously punish bad behavior directed at other people. A common explanation is that third-party punishment exists to maintain a cooperative society. We tested a different explanation: Third-party punishment results from a deterrence psychology for defending personal interests. Because humans evolved in small-scale, face-to-face social worlds, the mind infers that mistreatment of a third party predicts later mistreatment of oneself. We showed that when punishers do not have information about how they personally will be treated, they infer that mistreatment of other people predicts mistreatment of themselves, and these inferences predict punishment. But when information about personal mistreatment is available, it drives punishment. This suggests that humans' punitive psychology evolved to defend personal interests.

  10. Enactment of Third-Party Punishment by 4-Year-Olds

    OpenAIRE

    Kenward, Ben; Östh, Therese

    2012-01-01

    When prompted, preschoolers advocate punishment for moral transgressions against third parties, but little is known about whether and how they might act out such punishment. In this study, adult demonstrators enacted doll stories in which a perpetrator child doll made an unprovoked attack on a victim child doll, after which an adult doll punished either the perpetrator (consistent punishment) or victim (inconsistent punishment). When asked to help retell the story, given free choice of their ...

  11. 基于数据仓库的第三方物流企业客户关系管理研究%Implementation of CRM in the Third Party Logistics Based on Data Warehouse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程志君; 叶怡

    2012-01-01

    Quality customer relationship management is an important factor makes the third party logistics enterprise's core competitiveness. According to the characteristics of the third party logistics enterprise customer relationships,this article discusses using data warehouse on management mode of customer data,and gives a number of specific measures and methods.%高质量的客户关系管理是造就第三方物流企业核心竞争力的重要因素。根据第三方物流企业客户关系的特点,探讨了用数据仓库对客户数据进行管理的模式,并给出了一些具体措施和方法。

  12. 论第三方协调性服装供应链之构建%Study on the Third-party Apparel Supply Chain Coordination Build

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代湘荣

    2013-01-01

    Third-party coordination apparel supply chain is emerging in recent years,a form of textile and apparel supply chain,this paper analyzes its characteristics,discusses third-party coordination apparel supply chain build points.%第三方协调性服装供应链是近年新兴的一种纺织服装供应链形式,文中分析了它的特征,探讨了第三方协调性服装供应链的构建要点。

  13. Study on Development of Farm Produce Third Party Logistics in Jingzhou%荆州市农产品第三方物流发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄贝; 李诗珍

    2012-01-01

    分析了荆州市农产品物流发展现状,对荆州市农产品第三方物流发展的可行性进行了分析,并对荆州市农产品第三方物流的发展提出五点对策和建议.%In this paper we analyzed the status of the development of farm produce third party logistics in Jingzhou, analyzed the feasibility of the development of agricultural produce third party logistics there and proposed five countermeasures or suggestions for its enhancement.

  14. A Study on the Strategies of Informationization Construction for the Third-party Logistics Enterprises%第三方物流企业信息化建没的策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄宁

    2009-01-01

    The third-party logistics has become the development trend of social division of labor and the modern logistics, while the informatonization construction is helpful for improving the operation efficiency of modem logistics cost per unit. Therefore, it requires the third-party logistics enterprises to carry out informationization construction. The article analyzes the status quo of informationization of China's third-party logistics enterprises, and researches on the strategies of information-ization construction for them to guide logistics enterprises to implement informationization scientifically and reasonably.%第三方物流已经成为社会化分工和现代物流发展的方向,而信息化建设有助于提高现代物流单位成本的运作效率,这就迫切要求第三方物流企业进行信息化建设.文章分析了我国第三方物流企业信息化的现状,并对当前我国第三方物流企业信息化建设策略进行研究,以指导物流企业科学、合理地实施信息化.

  15. CONSIDERATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erhard NICULESCU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Political parties are the engine of social life, without which citizens would not be able to express political will. According to the law of political parties, they fulfill a public mission guaranteed by the Constitution. That is why, considering the subject very current, we considered it important to analyze in this study, in the notion of political pluralism: the concept of political party but also its constitutional dimension. To this end, the study shows the view of the doctrine combined with the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court.

  16. Paris-Princeton Lectures on Mathematical Finance

    CERN Document Server

    Çinlar, Erhan; Ekeland, Ivar; Jouini, Elyes; Scheinkman, José; Touzi, Nizar

    2004-01-01

    The Paris-Princeton Lectures in Financial Mathematics, of which this is the second volume, will, on an annual basis, publish cutting-edge research in self-contained, expository articles from outstanding - established or upcoming! - specialists. The aim is to produce a series of articles that can serve as an introductory reference for research in the field. It arises as a result of frequent exchanges between the finance and financial mathematics groups in Paris and Princeton. This volume presents the following articles: "Hedging of Defaultable Claims" by T. Bielecki, M. Jeanblanc, and M. Rutkowski; "On the Geometry of Interest Rate Models" by T. Björk; "Heterogeneous Beliefs, Speculation and Trading in Financial Markets" by J.A. Scheinkman, and W. Xiong.

  17. 78 FR 45781 - Accreditation of Third-Party Auditors/Certification Bodies to Conduct Food Safety Audits and to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-29

    ... contains similar requirements for bodies auditing management systems: (1) Legal matters and contractual... submit comments, identified by Docket No. FDA-2011- N-0146 and/or Regulatory Information Number (RIN... information provided. For additional information on submitting comments, see the ``Comments'' heading of...

  18. The Analysis about the Index System ofthe Third- party Enterprise' s Capability that Operate On Logistics Finance%3PL企业运作物流金融能力指标体系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗娟娟

    2012-01-01

    Logistics finance, as the combination of the logistics and the finance, which can expand the business scope of the third party logistics enterprises and further enhance the competitiveness of the enterprises. However the third -party logistics enterprises as the bridge between enterprises and banks must have a certain capability. In or- der to provide the scientific basis for the operation of the logistics finance, the paper analyze the index system of the third -party enterprise' s capability that operate on logistics finance, and also proposes the evaluation method of the index system.%物流金融,作为物流业与金融业的结合,拓展了物流企业的业务范围,增强物流企业的市场竞争力。但是第三方物流企业作为企业和银行之间的桥梁,必须具备一定综合能力。本文针对第三方企业运作物流金融的能力指标体系进行分析,并提出能力指标体系评价方法,为物流金融的顺畅运作提供科学依据。

  19. 基于种群动力系统模型的第三方电子支付平台分析%The Third-party Electronic Payment Based On Population Dynamic System Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲文林; 窦霁虹; 卢克英; 李鹏

    2015-01-01

    搜集了大量关于第三方电子支付平台的基本数据并对其进行了整理和分析得出其模型。首先讨论了衡量第三方电子支付平台业务水平的重要指标,并且通过模糊综合评价法对影响第三方电子支付平台业务水平的因素进行了模糊综合评判,得出了影响因素对第三方电子支付平台业务的影响规律;再建立了第三方电子支付平台之间的相互竞争模型,通过Matlab计算出模型中的相关参数;最后通过对应的差分方程,预测出支付宝所占的市场交易份额将会平稳增长,而财付通与汇付天下所占的市场交易份额将会受相互竞争的影响略有下降,快钱所占的市场份额将会继续保持。%This paper collects a lot of basic data on third-party electronic payment platform and then manages and analyzes these data as a result of its model. Firstly,the most important indicators to measure the e-business level of the third-party payment platform are discussed,and we use the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method to evaluate the factors which affect the business level of the third-party electronic payment platform. Thus the law of how these factors work is obtained. Then,based on above analysis,we establish a competing model of third-party electronic payment platforms,calculate the correlation coefficient by Matlab,and present differential equations showing the competition among the third-party electronic payment platforms. Finally,we predict that the market share of Alipay will grow steadily via differential equations while the market share of money paid and China PNR will slightly de-crease under the impact of competition and the market share of fast money share will be maintained.

  20. 第三方物流绩效评价管理体系研究%Study on Third Party Logistics Performance Evaluation Management System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we introduced the principle and points worthy of note in the planning and design of third party logistics performance evaluation management systems, analyzed emphatically the index system and content framework in the evaluation, approached the design and planning of the index on the aspects of internal performance and external performance and designed the index from a functional perspective such as financial performance and performance for the links of purchasing, transportation, distribution and warehousing, etc. and the index of customer satisfaction performance. At the end, on the basis of the index system constructed, we presented the specfic process for the evaluation of third party logistics performance as well as the mathematically derivation process of the operational mechanism.%首先概述了第三方物流绩效评价管理体系规划和设计中应该注意的原则和事项,接着重点分析研究了第三方物流绩效评价的指标体系和内容框架,从内部绩效和外部绩效两个方面考察了其指标的设计和规划问题,主要从财务绩效、采购运输配送仓储等环节的功能性绩效以及客户绩效等方面进行了指标设计,最后在这些绩效评价指标体系的基础上,进行了第三方物流具体绩效评价流程和操作机制的数学计算过程推导.

  1. Third-party postconflict affiliation of aggressors in chimpanzees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Teresa; de Waal, Frans B M

    2011-04-01

    Postconflict management strategies have been defined as any postconflict interaction that mitigates the negative consequences of the preceding agonistic conflict. Although most studies have investigated postconflict interactions between former opponents or between victims and uninvolved bystanders, interactions between aggressors and bystanders have received much less attention. In this study, we examined a database of 1,102 agonistic interactions and their corresponding postconflict periods in two outdoor-housed groups of captive chimpanzees in order to test the occurrence of postconflict third-party affiliation of aggressors. Our results confirmed the occurrence of appeasement, i.e. postconflict affiliation by a bystander toward an aggressor, but failed to detect the occurrence of postconflict affiliation directed from aggressors toward bystanders. Appeasement rates did not differ according to the sex of the involved individuals. In addition, appeasement occurred more often in the absence of reconciliation than after its occurrence suggesting that appeasement may act as an alternative to reconciliation when the latter fails to occur. Both study groups showed behavioral specificity for appeasement, i.e. context-specific use of certain behaviors, supporting the view that chimpanzees exhibit highly visible explicit postconflict affiliation.

  2. Third- party Blog Marketing Evaluation Based on the SWOT Theory%基于SWOT理论的第三方博客营销评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙济庆; 应璇

    2011-01-01

    Combined with the SWOT analysis, the paper evaluates the behavior using third - party blog marketing objectively and comprehensively in different angles, expounds the advantages and disadvantages of this blog marketing with examples and all of the opportunities and threats that would face in the future. Meanwhile some helpful references are provided to enterprises blog marketing application.%结合SWOT分析法,从不同的角度对利用第三方博客进行营销的行为给予客观全面的评价,结合案例阐述了这种博客营销的优劣势及其所面临的机会和威胁等,为企业的应用博客营销提供有益参考,并为企业如何规避风险提供了一些对策建议.

  3. SPECIFIC ACCOUNTING POLICIES ON PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS RELATED TO PROVISIONS, CONTIGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTIGENT ASSETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ţenovici Cristina Otilia

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the activity performed by professional accountants should be transparent and the communication process should be an efficient one so that the data transmitted is relevant and reliable. Such characteristics can become achievable only within a quality accounting referential, based on international accounting standards likely to integrate the public field particularities. The need to obtain comparable and transparent information in the public sector has determined the emergence of IPSAS standards, high quality standards with benefice consequences upon the world economy. The purpose of the disclose study is to analyse the development of accountancy in Romania and the level of accounting harmonization and convergence with IPSAS 19 “Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets”. We are also focusing on performing a comparison between the main characteristics of the disclose national and international regulations, with the mention of resemblances and differences on provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets in order to identify the range of convergent and divergent issues.

  4. N. 2874 Report realized for the foreign Affairs commission on the law project n. 2785 authorizing the approbation of international agreements on the civil liability in the nuclear energy domain; N. 2874 Rapport fait au nom de la commission des affaires etrangeres sur le projet de loi n. 2785 autorisant l'approbation d'accords internationaux sur la responsabilite civile dans le domaine de l'energie nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This report is discussing the approval of two new protocols aiming to modify the OECD convention on the civil liability in the nuclear energy domain. After a presentation of the international regime of civil liability in the nuclear domain with the Paris and Vienna conventions, the author analyzes the main improvements offered by the two new protocols. (A.L.B.)

  5. Invalidating stagnation theory for family owned businesses : comparing family-to-family and third party ownership transfers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heaver, Roger; Ibrahimovic, Alija; Teeffelen, Lex van

    2015-01-01

    Miller, Le Breton-Miller and Scholnick (2008) summarize and discuss two major perspectives constructed from the literature on family owned businesses (FOBs): stewardship and stagnation theory. In this paper the stagnation theory is being put to the test on Dutch small/medium enterprises (SMEs). Acco

  6. Transition of the Sunspot Number from Zurich to Brussels in 1980: A Personal Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenflo, J. O.

    2016-11-01

    The Swiss Federal Observatory, which had been founded in 1863 by Rudolf Wolf, was dissolved in connection with the retirement of Max Waldmeier in 1979. The determination of the Zurich sunpot number, which had been a cornerstone activity of the observatory, was then discontinued by ETH Zurich. A smooth transition of the responsibility for the sunspot number from Zurich to Brussels was achieved in 1980, however, through which it was possible to avoid a discontinuity in this important time series. Here we describe the circumstances that led to the termination in Zurich, how Brussels was chosen for the succession, and how the transfer was accomplished.

  7. 75 FR 49821 - Information Reporting for Payments Made in Settlement of Payment Card and Third Party Network...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-16

    ... Taxation (JCT) technical explanation, a central organization is a third party settlement organization that... concern, Form 1099-K, ``Merchant Card and Third Party Payments,'' will include the identifying information...'s copy of Form 1099-K will describe the entities that are shown on the form. Participating...

  8. Effects of a Brussels sprouts extract on oxidative DNA damage and metabolising enzymes in rat liver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, M; Jensen, B R; Poulsen, H E

    2001-01-01

    of administration of a Brussels sprouts extract on the expression at the mRNA level and/or catalytic activity in rat liver of three phase I enzymes [cytochrome P450-1A2 (CYP1A2),-2B1/2 (CYP2B1/2) and-2E1 (CYP2E1)] and two phase II enzyme [NADPH:quinone reductase (QR) and glutathione S-transferase pi 7 (GSTpi)], all...... previously suggested to be induced by vegetables. We also examined the activity and/or expression of several important antioxidant enzymes: glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase and gamma-glutamyl-cysteine synthetase (GCS) and the activity of the repair enzyme 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1). QR, GPx...... and catalase activity was also assessed in the kidneys. In order to examine a possible effect of the Brussels sprouts related to oxidative stress, we measured oxidative DNA damage in terms of 7-hydro-8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) and lipid peroxidation in terms of malondialdehyde (MDA) formation...

  9. Third party access pricing to the network, secondary capacity market and economic optimum: the case of natural gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David, L.; Percebois, J

    2002-09-01

    The gas deregulation process implies crucial choices concerning access to transportation networks. These choices deal with the nature, the structure and the level of access fees. This paper proposes an evaluation of different systems implemented both in Europe and North America, in relation to normative pricing references. The rules according to which shippers can buy or sell capacity represent another kind of choice that Regulators have to make. This paper proposes a simple model which demonstrates that secondary market prices should not be subject to a cap and emphasizes the need of a 'use-it-or-lose-it' rule on this market. (authors)

  10. EUROPEAN UNION IN GLOBAL CLIMATE GOVERNANCE: TO PARIS AND BEYOND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. V. Savorskaya

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1990s, the European Union is aspiring global leadership in the area of climate change, which is refl ected in its active participation in the negotiations on the international climate change regime. However, those ambitions have not always turned out to be appropriate or justifi ed. Despite the fact that the European Union was able to achieve certain results during the Kyoto Protocol negotiations and even more signifi cant results in the process of its ratifi cation, for the most part EU negotiation strategy based on normative considerations, had not been successful, it was especially evident during the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen. Partly the disappointing results of EU performance during the Copenhagen negotiations are to be blamed on some of the key features of EU functioning logic, for example, the overall tendency to rely on scientifi c evidence in policy-making, which did not allow the EU to assess other parties’ interests adequately. As the results of the negotiations of parties to the UNFCCC in December 2015 in Paris have shown, the European Union did manage to work out its previous mistakes and build a broad informal international coalition. Contrary to the pessimistic expectations, the agreement was adopted and it took into account quite a few of the EU proposals. However, the Paris Treaty has a number of fl aws and inaccuracies, so the ability to eliminate them in a timely manner by the international community and the EU in particular, will determine the future of the new international climate change regime.

  11. Study on Chongqing’s Third Party Logistics Present Situation, Problems and Development%重庆市发展第三方物流的现状、问题及发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙明月; 李乾铭

    2016-01-01

    This paper, combining with the development of Chongqing ’s third party logistics advantages, resources and the market situation, analyzes the existing problems in the development of third party logistics, and puts forward the corresponding development suggestions, aiming at improving the development level of the third party logistics in Chongqing and contributing to the development of regional economy.%文章结合重庆市第三方物流的发展优势、资源与市场情况,分析第三方物流发展存在的问题,并提出相应的发展建议,旨在提高重庆市第三方物流的发展水平,为地区经济的发展做出贡献。

  12. Third parties, violence, and conflict resolution: the role of group size and collective action in the microregulation of violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Mark; Taylor, Paul J; Best, Rachel

    2011-03-01

    Although researchers know much about the causes of aggression, they know surprisingly little about how aggression leads to violence or how violence is controlled. To explore the microregulation of violence, we conducted a systematic behavioral analysis of footage from closed-circuit television surveillance of public spaces. Using 42 incidents involving 312 people, we compared aggressive incidents that ended in violence with those that did not. Behaviors of antagonists and third parties were coded as either escalating or conciliatory acts. Results showed that third parties were more likely to take conciliatory actions than to escalate violence and that this tendency increased as group size increased. This analysis revealed a pattern of third-party behaviors that prevent aggression from becoming violent and showed that conciliatory behaviors are more successful when carried out by multiple third parties than when carried out by one person. We conclude by emphasizing the importance of collective third-party dynamics in understanding conflict resolution.

  13. 受第三方控制的量子安全对话方案%Controlled by a Third Party to Realize Quantum Secure Dialogue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹昕; 叶志清

    2012-01-01

    通过量子隐形传态只能单向传递信息,从某种意义上说,并不是真正的“通信”,本文提出一个由第三方控制的量子双向通信方案:通信双方经过幺正变换实现信息编码,然后分别对自己拥有的粒子进行贝尔基联合测量,公布测量结果,在控制方同意的情况下,实现量子安全对话,而控制方并不知道对话内容.由于控制方的加入,大大增强了量子对话的安全性,使得这一方案更趋完美.通过量子信道实现了经典信息的安全双向通信,它在未来量子安全对话、量子保密通信的实际应用中能起到重要的参考作用.%In a sense, quantum teleportation by which information could only be transferred in one-way is not a perfect mode of communication. Thus, a scheme of two-way quantum communication controlled by a third party is proposed. Firstly, both sides of communication need accomplish information encoding through some unitary transformations. Then they should perform Bell-state measurements(BSMs) to their own qubits respectively, and announce the measured results. With the permission of the controller, two sides of communication could realize the quantum dialogue without divulging information to controller. Because of the join of a third party, safety of quantum dialogue is greatly enhanced, which makes this scheme better. According to the realization of secure two-way quantum communication, the scheme may be a good reference in practical application of quantum secure dialogue and quantum private communication.

  14. 浅谈汽车电子零部件第三方实验室认可%Brief Introduction to the Third Party Laboratory Accreditation about Automotive Electronic Components

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘驰

    2016-01-01

    With the quick development requirement of standardization at automotive enterprise,the third pa-rty laboratory testing is largely demand.This is different from the conventional automotive product certifica-tion system both at home and abroad.This article focuses on the emergence of the third-party laboratory accreditation system.To compare the difference between American Association for Laboratory Accreditation and ISO 17025.Discussion about the Ford Company OEM approved plan.This article focus the third party l-aboratory accreditation steps and requirements on the standard comparison,self-assessment and on-site review.Final y,we discus the opportunities and chal enges of the test facility.%随着整车企业标准化的兴起让第三方实验室检测得到发展,这是有别于常规的国内外汽车产品认证制度现状,该文重点介绍第三方实验室认可制度的兴起。讲述汽车电子的电磁兼容实验室认可程序(AEMCLRP)与ISO 17025之间的区别。针对福特公司(FMC)的"OEM认可计划"进行深入探讨。从标准对比、自我评估以及现场评审等方面讨论了第三方实验室认可的步骤和要求,最后阐述了测试机构的机遇与挑战。

  15. Third party losses in a comparative perspective Three short lectures in honour of W.H.V. Rogers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dam, C.C. van; Engelhard, Esther; Giesen, Ivo

    2007-01-01

    In honour of Horton Rogers, as the holder of the rotational G.J. Wiarda chair at Utrecht University, a symposium was held on 13 June 2007 concerning the right of third parties to compensation in cases of injury – one of the most provoking themes in tort law and the law of damages. The key question w

  16. EPR statistical mixture of correlated states with fractional brownian process induced by third party interaction

    CERN Document Server

    Tamburini, F; Bianchini, A

    1999-01-01

    A time-correlated EPR pairs protocol is analized, based on detection of fractal correlated signals into a statistical mixture of EPR correlated pairs: an approximated alpha-Fractional Brownian Motion (FBM) is induced on the group of EPR pairs (e.g. by sender-third party eavesdropper-like interactions as in Ekert quantum cryptography), to be detected by the receiver using a non - orthogonal wavelet filter, able to characterize the FBM from a noisy enviroment by formalizing a nonlinear optimization problem for the FBM alpha-characteristic parameter extimation.

  17. Russia and the OSCE - The Influence of Interested Third and Disinterested Fourth Parties on the Conflicts in Estonia and Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claus Neukirch

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyse the influence of external actors on the domestic conditions surrounding the conflicts in Estonia and Moldova. It attempts to answer the question why the Moldovan conflict turned violent while the Estonian conflict remained peaceful.

  18. Economic tools to promote transparency and comparability in the Paris Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldy, Joseph; Pizer, William; Tavoni, Massimo; Reis, Lara Aleluia; Akimoto, Keigo; Blanford, Geoffrey; Carraro, Carlo; Clarke, Leon E.; Edmonds, James; Iyer, Gokul C.; McJeon, Haewon C.; Richels, Richard; Rose, Steven; Sano, Fuminori

    2016-11-01

    The Paris Agreement culminates a six-year transition towards an international climate policy architecture based on parties submitting national pledges every five years. An important policy task will be to assess and compare these contributions. We use four integrated assessment models to produce metrics of Paris Agreement pledges, and show differentiated effort across countries: wealthier countries pledge to undertake greater emission reductions with higher costs. The pledges fall in the lower end of the distributions of the social cost of carbon and the cost-minimizing path to limiting warming to 2 °C, suggesting insufficient global ambition in light of leaders’ climate goals. Countries’ marginal abatement costs vary by two orders of magnitude, illustrating that large efficiency gains are available through joint mitigation efforts and/or carbon price coordination. Marginal costs rise almost proportionally with income, but full policy costs reveal more complex regional patterns due to terms of trade effects.

  19. 家具业采用第三方物流的趋势与对策——南康家具业的实证分析%Analysis on Using Third-Party Logistics in Furniture Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丹; 彭阔东

    2012-01-01

    以南康家具业为例,通过分析提出我国家具业采用第三方物流的必然趋势。并对发展家具行业第三方物流提出了相应的建议。%The paper presents that in future third-party logistics will he used in furniture industry, and puts forward some suggestions to the third-party logistics of furniture industry development.

  20. 第三方物流的创新案例研究——以韩国甲物流企业为例%A Case Study on the Process Innovation of the Third Party Logistic Providers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘南; 姜泰元; 姜敏求

    2011-01-01

    从第三方物流服务的现实需求出发,通过案例研究.剖析第三方物流企业在制造企业物流方面的创新点.%This paper discusses that the third party logistics provider can contribute significantly to their businesses by reducing their logistics cost, optimizing logistics operation system and achieving soft power. In this study, we report a case study of a logistics company in the Korean to shed a light on this issue and suggest several managerial implications.

  1. On Several Issues related to Liability for Guardian%监护人责任若干争议问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘保玉

    2012-01-01

    我国《侵权责任法》第32条第1款确立了监护人责任适用无过错责任原则,并设有责任减轻事由;该条第2款不涉及归责原则问题,仅关涉有财产的被监护人与其监护人之间如何支付赔偿费用的内部关系;该条的两款规定,形成了“外部、内部关系区分”的体系构造。在关涉被监护人致入损害的数人侵权中,数个致害人的监护人之间及其监护人与其他责任主体之间形成的责任形态难以统一规定,应区分不同的责任主体并结合侵权类型具体认定。由于我国立法上未承认限制行为能力人和无行为能力人的侵权责任能力,故在被监护人致人损害的情况下,其责任主体是监护人,而非被监护人;在监护人责任纠纷诉讼中,应单列监护人为被告。%The first clause of Article 32 in the Tort Liability Law of P. R. China provides that the imputative principle of liability for guardian is no-fault liability which has a special extenuating circumstance; the second clause of this article merely focuses on the internal relationship the payment for compensation expenditure, which does not involve the imputative principle of liability. Consequently the systematic structure of these two clauses of the above article is to “the distinction between external and internal relationship”. It almost cannot make a unified regulation about the liability form among several guardians and ‘ the guardian and other subject of liability' in the multiple - parties torts and it should make specific decisions in terms of different subjects of lia-bility; the civil defendant in the case of the liability for guardian should be the guardian.

  2. Study on Operational Strategy of Third Party Logistics Based on E-commerce%基于电子商务的第三方物流运作策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟波兰

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we first analyzed the current status of and demand for logistics in the development of e—commerce, then discussed the mechanisms of the third party logistics operation based on e-commerce, which were division of labor, collaboration, effect of scale, and integration, studied the main problems currently existing as well as the causes and finally proposed the strategy to support the operation of third party logistics based on e—commerce.%首先分析了电子商务的发展现状与物流需求,接着探讨了基于电子商务的第三方物流运作机理:分工效应、协同效应、规模效应、整合效应,分析了当前第三方物流在电子商务物流运作中存在的主要问题及原因;最后提出了基于电子商务的第三方物流运作策略,以促进电子商务的发展.

  3. Legitimising the Juba Peace Agreement on Accountability and Reconciliation: The International Criminal Court as a Third-party Actor?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gissel, Line Engbo

    2017-01-01

    This article analyses the Juba peace negotiations on accountability and reconciliation. It advances a new interpretation of the Agreement on Accountability and Reconciliation, focusing on five justice features: National proceedings, restorative accountability, alternative sentencing, individual...

  4. 电子商务中第三方支付平台欺诈风险识别研究%Research on the Fraud Risk Identification Model of Third-party Payment Platform on E-commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵建利; 宋宁; 张滟

    2014-01-01

    Along with the rapid development of electronic commerce , the fraud risk of third-party payment platform on e-commerce presents the increasing trend .This paper constructs a scientific fraud risk identification model by Logistic Regression , and searches and determines the split point fraud transactions and normal transactions by Kolmogorov -Smirnov statistics , in order to estimate the fraud risk quantitatively .The results show that the model is stable and has high forecast accuracy , which can be used to identify the fraud risk of third -party payment .%随着电子商务的飞速发展,第三方支付平台欺诈风险呈现递增趋势。本文采用Logistic回归构建第三方支付的欺诈风险识别模型,并结合Kolmogorov -Smirnov 统计量来查找判断欺诈交易和正常交易的分割点,对欺诈风险进行量化估计。实证研究表明本文所构建模型比较稳定且预测比较准确,可大大提高风险识别能力,对第三方支付机构的风险管理具有重要作用。

  5. The Evaluation of the Third-party Logistic Companies Based on the BP Neural Network and AHP%基于BP神经网络和层次分析法的第三方物流企业评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍珍珍; 朱沛

    2013-01-01

    According to the research results of the performance evaluation,combining the current situation of our nation’s third-party logistic companies with the chosen indicators,this paper aims to evaluate and analyze the comprehensive strength of the third-party logistic companies based on the BP neural network and AHP.Then we selected relevant data from several logistic companies and used them to have the evaluation done,which proves that our method is pragmatic and scientific and is able to provide important reference for the selection of the third-party logistic companies.%文中根据绩效评价体系的研究成果,结合我国第三方物流企业的现状,选取了适当的评价指标,并采用基于BP神经网络和层次分析法的评价方法,对第三方物流企业的综合实力进行评价分析。然后,收集了某几家物流企业的相关数据,对具体物流企业的综合实力进行评价,说明文中的评价方法具有实用性和科学性,对第三方物流企业的选择提供重要的参考。

  6. Gaussian approximations for stochastic systems with delay: chemical Langevin equation and application to a Brusselator system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brett, Tobias; Galla, Tobias

    2014-03-28

    We present a heuristic derivation of Gaussian approximations for stochastic chemical reaction systems with distributed delay. In particular, we derive the corresponding chemical Langevin equation. Due to the non-Markovian character of the underlying dynamics, these equations are integro-differential equations, and the noise in the Gaussian approximation is coloured. Following on from the chemical Langevin equation, a further reduction leads to the linear-noise approximation. We apply the formalism to a delay variant of the celebrated Brusselator model, and show how it can be used to characterise noise-driven quasi-cycles, as well as noise-triggered spiking. We find surprisingly intricate dependence of the typical frequency of quasi-cycles on the delay period.

  7. The new Law on Environmental Liability. Das neue Gesetz ueber die Umwelthaftung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reuter, A.

    1991-01-30

    The Law on Environmental Liability (UmweltHG) came into force on 1 January 1991. It concerns above all the areas of heat generation and energy, mining, disposal of waste and residual material and also transport of hazardous goods. The pros and cons of a reform of environmental liability under civil law have been discussed exhaustively in literature. Therefore this article restricts itself to relating the basic outlines of the legislative concern and giving a survey of the most important regulations and an outlook on developments in the EC in policy concerning liability law. This includes: liability for endangerment through the operation of certain installations, effect of legalization, normal operation, development risks, force majeure, local customary practice, damages only have to be compensated if an object of legal protection has been injured; questions of proof; several parties liable for compensation. The issue of provision funds is left to a regulation of the Federal Government. At the European level it appears that the domain of the Environmental Liability Law will not be spared amendments. Thus the EC Commission plans among other things a directive on liability for waste under civil law. In 1990 the Directive on Free Access to Information Concerning the Environment was passed. (orig./HSCH).

  8. Whose side are you on? Exploring the role of perspective taking on third-party’s reactions to workplace deviance

    OpenAIRE

    Fiori, M.; Krings, F.; Kleinlogel, E. P.; Reich, Tara C.

    2016-01-01

    We introduce perspective taking as an antecedent of third-party reactions to different forms of workplace deviance. Varying the perspective taken by third-parties (perpetrator; other’s perspective) and the type of workplace deviance (moderate organizational deviance; severe interpersonal deviance), we show that third-parties who take the perpetrator’s perspective perceive the incident as less of a moral violation, make less internal, and more external attributions for the perpetrator’s behavi...

  9. Third-Party Retaliation and the Psychology of Deterrence: Mapping the Psychological Mechanisms that Regulate Retaliation on Behalf of Others

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-03

    variously that its function is, for example, to re-build threatened self - esteem , to obtain enjoyment or satisfaction, or to balance a moral ledger...ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES). Self -explanatory. 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER. Enter all unique alphanumeric report numbers...or another individual. Throughout several of our data collection efforts, we used a recently developed self -report measure for estimating the

  10. An eco-solution for track & trace of goods and third party logistics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roos, K.; West, M.; Chang, E.; Armstrong, B.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a new economic cost-effective solution known as the Web and telephony based method for tracking and tracing of goods and small and medium sized third party logistic providers. Considering that these companies usually operate on very flat margins, a comparison is made of the avail

  11. Discussion and practice of HSE management mode based on the third party%基于第三方的项目HSE管理模式探讨与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洋; 辛平

    2012-01-01

    针对工程建设领域项目HSE管理的模式进行了探讨.首先对传统的项目HSE管理模式进行了介绍,简要分析了各种HSE管理模式的特征和意义.在此基础上,对新形势下引入第三方HSE管理的重要意义进行了说明,重点阐述了第三方HSE管理的定义、组织结构、特征等因素.并根据多个项目的实践总结,对引入第三方HSE管理提出了实质性的建议,为第三方模式在工程项目HSE管理的推广理顺思路,指明要点.%The HSE management mode on engineering construction was discussed. Firstly, the traditional HSE management mode on engineering construction was introduced and was discussed the traits and meanings of all sorts of HSE management mode were analyzed. Secondly, the important meaning of bringing the third party to HSE management was illustrated, which focused on the definition of HSE management, organizational structure, attributes and so on. Moreover, some practical suggestions on HSE management based on the third party were put forward according to many projects concerned.

  12. A novel method for efficient and abundant production of Phytophthora brassicae zoospores on Brussels sprout leaf discs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Govers Francine

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Phytophthora species are notorious oomycete pathogens that cause diseases on a wide range of plants. Our understanding how these pathogens are able to infect their host plants will benefit greatly from information obtained from model systems representative for plant-Phytophthora interactions. One attractive model system is the interaction between Arabidopsis and Phytophthora brassicae. Under laboratory conditions, Arabidopsis can be easily infected with mycelial plugs as inoculum. In the disease cycle, however, sporangia or zoospores are the infectious propagules. Since the current P. brassicae zoospore isolation methods are generally regarded as inefficient, we aimed at developing an alternative method for obtaining high concentrations of P. brassicae zoospores. Results P. brassicae isolates were tested for pathogenicity on Brussels sprout plants (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Microscopic examination of leaves, stems and roots infected with a GFP-tagged transformant of P. brassicae clearly demonstrated the susceptibility of the various tissues. Leaf discs were cut from infected Brussels sprout leaves, transferred to microwell plates and submerged in small amounts of water. In the leaf discs the hyphae proliferated and abundant formation of zoosporangia was observed. Upon maturation the zoosporangia released zoospores in high amounts and zoospore production continued during a period of at least four weeks. The zoospores were shown to be infectious on Brussels sprouts and Arabidopsis. Conclusion The in vitro leaf disc method established from P. brassicae infected Brussels sprout leaves facilitates convenient and high-throughput production of infectious zoospores and is thus suitable to drive small and large scale inoculation experiments. The system has the advantage that zoospores are produced continuously over a period of at least one month.

  13. Legal Reflections on Group Purchase Online of the Third Party%第三方网络团购引发的法律思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱蕾

    2012-01-01

    As a new e-commerce mode,group purchase online has become the most popular form of shopping due to its convenience.However,in a time of its rapid growth,such problems have cropped up as false descriptions,consumer fraud,difficulties in right protection,which does harm to the healthy development of the industry.This article describes the development status of China's group purchase online,analyzes the main problems existed in the group purchase of the third party and puts forward some development strategies.%网络团购作为一种新兴的电子商务模式,因方便快捷等优势成为目前最流行的一种购物形式。然而,网络团购在高速发展的同时,虚假描述、消费欺诈、维权困难等问题随之而来,给团购行业的健康发展带来很大危机。本文介绍了我国网络团购的发展现状,着重分析第三方网络团购存在的主要问题,并提出了相应的发展对策。

  14. 船舶物权登记对抗主义中“第三人”界定%Identification of the Third Party in the Doctrine of Registration to Perfect Security Interest about Real Right of Ship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何易

    2011-01-01

    Maritime Code and Real Right Code of PRC adopt the Doctrine of Registration to Perfect Security Interest when dealing with the alternation of ius in rem of ship,which means un-registered alternation can not act against a third party.In judicial system, the third party is identified generally in the application of relevant law,which leads to the logic confusion and interest unbalance between parties because this identification is not only aside from the Doctrine of Registration to Perfect Security Interest,but also at variance with the nature of Real Right.The Doctrine of Registration to Perfect Security Interest,introduced from abroad,is not on the basis of Chinese legalized model of the alternation of ius in rem,thus,the third party shall be identified restrictively under the Doctrine of Registration to Perfect Security Interest and defined comprehensively by the combination of the legal relationship,content of good faith and burden of proof on the basis of the principle of alternation of ius in rem of ship legalized.%我国《海商法》和《物权法》等就船舶物权变动确立了"登记对抗主义"立法例,即船舶物权变动未经登记不得对抗第三人。在具体适用相关法条时,司法界对第三人予以了泛化认定,既背离了登记对抗主义的本意又动摇了物权的性质,引致法律适用中的逻辑混乱、当事人利益失衡。从国外立法例引入的登记对抗主义并非以我国物权变动的法定公示模式为基础,故对登记对抗主义中第三人的认定必须有所限制,应在坚持船舶物权变动的法定原则基础上,在个案中区分法律关系并结合举证责任等进行界定。

  15. The contribution of micromorphology to study Dark Earth: the example of Brussels (Belgium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devos, Yannick; Vrydaghs, Luc

    2010-05-01

    For a long time Dark Earth, has been considered as a poorly stratified enigmatic phenomenon of rather ephemeral interest for the archaeological record. Last decades, however, interdisciplinary studies in have demonstrated their huge archaeological potential for studying the medieval urban development (MACPHAIL, 1994; CAMMAS, 2000; DAVID et al., 2000; MACPHAIL, 2003; VERSLYPE & BRULET, 2004; NICOSIA, 2006). Especially micromorphology has proven to be a rather powerful tool to understand the formation processes of these homogeneous units. Besides classical micromorphological analysis and description, the study of the Brussels' Dark Earth involved the development of phytolith analysis of soil thin sections (VRYDAGHS et al., 2007). Such integrated studies contribute significantly to demonstrate that the formation of the Dark Earth results from multiphased processes whereby various human actions interact with natural phenomena. The formation and transformation of Dark Earth can be understood as an ongoing process of accumulation, erosion, decomposition and homogenisation that stops once the Dark Earth gets sealed. Among the identified human activities pasture, agriculture, quarrying, destruction and middening can be cited. Taken into account that the Dark Earth results from such a variable amalgam of activities and natural phenomena, it can be concluded Dark Earth should be investigated on a individual basis. Their systematic study can enhance our knowledge of the diversity of human and natural events that took place in medieval Brussels, and as such contribute to the understanding of its emergence and development. Acknowledgements The authors want to thank the Brussels Capital Region who financed this research. Bibliography CAMMAS, C., 2000. Apports et perspectives de l'analyse micromorphologique des "terres noires". In: Terres Noires - 1. Maison des sciences de la ville, de l'urbanisme et des paysages, Tours, pp. 45-60. (= Documents Sciences de la Ville, 6, 2000

  16. The Spies We Trust: Third Party Service Providers and Law Enforcement Surveillance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soghoian, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    Telecommunications carriers and service providers now play an essential role in facilitating modern surveillance by law enforcement agencies. The police merely select the individuals to be monitored, while the actual surveillance is performed by third parties: often the same email providers, search engines and telephone companies to whom consumers…

  17. 12 CFR 978.7 - Third party requests for confidential information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... its possession from any third party, the Bank shall forward such request to the financial regulatory..., court or bureau, the Bank shall give timely written notice of such subpoena to the financial regulatory... the subpoena, after giving timely written notice, when: (1) The financial regulatory agency...

  18. Managing water utility financial risks through third-party index insurance contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeff, Harrison B.; Characklis, Gregory W.

    2013-08-01

    As developing new supply capacity has become increasingly expensive and difficult to permit (i.e., regulatory approval), utilities have become more reliant on temporary demand management programs, such as outdoor water use restrictions, for ensuring reliability during drought. However, a significant fraction of water utility income is often derived from the volumetric sale of water, and such restrictions can lead to substantial revenue losses. Given that many utilities set prices at levels commensurate with recovering costs, these revenue losses can leave them financially vulnerable to budgetary shortfalls. This work explores approaches for mitigating drought-related revenue losses through the use of third-party financial insurance contracts based on streamflow indices. Two different types of contracts are developed, and their efficacy is compared against two more traditional forms of financial hedging used by water utilities: Drought surcharges and contingency funds (i.e., self-insurance). Strategies involving each of these approaches, as well as their use in combination, are applied under conditions facing the water utility serving Durham, North Carolina. A multireservoir model provides information on the scale and timing of droughts, and the financial effects of these events are simulated using detailed data derived from utility billing records. Results suggest that third-party index insurance contracts, either independently or in combination with more traditional hedging tools, can provide an effective means of reducing a utility's financial vulnerability to drought.

  19. Balancing platform control and external contribution in third-party development: the boundary resources model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghazawneh, Ahmad; Henfridsson, Ola

    2013-01-01

    Prior research documents the significance of using platform boundary resources (e.g. application programming interfaces) for cultivating platform ecosystems through third-party development. However, there are few, if any, theoretical accounts of this relationship. To this end, this paper proposes...

  20. Use and Impact of Informal Third-Party Discussions in Interpersonal Conflicts at Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volkema, Roger J.; Bergmann, Thomas J.; Farquhar, Katherine

    1997-01-01

    States that interpersonal conflicts in the workplace frequently involve conversations with coworkers and outsiders. Examines informal third-party discussions in the workplace, as described by 396 professionals attending graduate business programs and executive seminars. Indicates that conflict intensity and relative power are likely to affect the…

  1. Third Party Logistics: Is asset intensity competition as asset for growth?

    OpenAIRE

    Kwa, Francis CH

    2010-01-01

    Logistics trade journals, research literatures and annual reports from third party logistics firms claimed “Asset Intensity” strategy (asset-based, asset-light, non asset-based) is a strategy for superior financial performance. This thesis seeks to determine the origin and definition of the “Asset Intensity” strategy and its claim as a strategy for superior financial performance.

  2. Inter-professional Perinatal Simulation training: A valuable educational model to improve competencies amongst student midwives in Brussels, Belgium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vermeulen, Joeri; Beeckman, Katrien; De Clercq, Gerlinde; Vandelannoote, Isabelle; Gucciardo, Léonardo; Laubach, Monika; Swinnen, Eva

    2016-02-01

    Simulation training is a powerful and evidence-based teaching method for students and healthcare professionals. The described educational model of Inter-professional Perinatal Simulation training is the result of a collaborative project with the Erasmus University College Brussels, the Medical School of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) and the University Hospital Brussels. This model enhances student midwives to acquire competencies in all fields of midwifery according to national and European legislation and to the International Confederation of Midwives Global Standards for Midwifery Education. In our educational program, simulation training enhanced the achievement of decision-making and inter-professional communication competences.

  3. Select the Third-Party Logistics Enterprises Based on DEA and Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluationl%基于DEA模型和模糊综合评价的第三方物流企业选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉民

    2012-01-01

    It is very important to evaluate and select the TPL enterprise for more and more companies fi)r the reason that they prefer to outsource the logistics operations to the third-party logistics (TPL, third-party logistics) enterprises, which contributes much to reduce the costs and improve the core competitiveness. This paper uses the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method based on the DEA model, to evaluate and select the TPL enterprises scientifically and reasonably, and to provide important references for enterprises logistics outsourcing and selecting TPL enterprises.%为降低成本、提高核心竞争力,越来越多的企业选择将物流业务外包给第三方物流企业.因此TPL企业的评价选择是非常重要的。文章提出运用基于DEA模型的模糊综合评价方法,对TPL企业进行科学合理地评价选择,为企业物流外包、选择TPL提供重要参考。

  4. Study on Operation Mode of Third Party Logistics Financing Services Based on Financing Warehouse%基于融通仓的第三方物流金融服务运作模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢娉娉

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we first discussed the basic connotation of third parly logistics financing service and the financing warehouse, then explored the several key points in the operation of the third party financing warehouses, pointed out that for the warehouses to perform their basic functions of integrated service and credit integration and regeneration, we must place great emphasis on the location, layout plan of the financing warehouses, their innoculation with the purchasing supply chain and regional distribution supply chain of client enterprises, etc., and finally studied the operation mode of the third party financing warehouses under principal-agent and uniform credit extension respectively.%首先探讨了第三方物流金融服务及融通仓的基本内涵,接着就第三方物流融通仓运作中的几个关键问题进行了探讨,指出第三方物流融通仓服务要履行一体化服务和信用整合再造的基本功能,就必须在十分注重融通仓的选址布局、与企业采购供应链的融合、与企业区域分销供应链的融合以及采用统一授信额度和担保方式等,最后研究和分析了委托代理和统一授信模式下第三方物流融通仓的运作模式,并给出了对应的解决方案和运行框架机制.

  5. Development of in-group favoritism in children's third-party punishment of selfishness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Jillian J; McAuliffe, Katherine; Warneken, Felix

    2014-09-02

    When enforcing norms for cooperative behavior, human adults sometimes exhibit in-group bias. For example, third-party observers punish selfish behaviors committed by out-group members more harshly than similar behaviors committed by in-group members. Although evidence suggests that children begin to systematically punish selfish behavior around the age of 6 y, the development of in-group bias in their punishment remains unknown. Do children start off enforcing fairness norms impartially, or is norm enforcement biased from its emergence? How does bias change over development? Here, we created novel social groups in the laboratory and gave 6- and 8-year-olds the opportunity to engage in costly third-party punishment of selfish sharing behavior. We found that by age 6, punishment was already biased: Selfish resource allocations received more punishment when they were proposed by out-group members and when they disadvantaged in-group members. We also found that although costly punishment increased between ages 6 and 8, bias in punishment partially decreased. Although 8-y-olds also punished selfish out-group members more harshly, they were equally likely to punish on behalf of disadvantaged in-group and out-group members, perhaps reflecting efforts to enforce norms impartially. Taken together, our results suggest that norm enforcement is biased from its emergence, but that this bias can be partially overcome through developmental change.

  6. On Third Party Logistics Packaging Problems in China%我国第三方物流包装问题初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛小英

    2012-01-01

    Packaging in the logistics system plays an important role.With the changes in the consumer market,logistics packaging goes beyond the function of protection,linking the whole supply chain,thus,a professional third party logistics packaging emerges as the times require.This paper discusses the features,advantages,and the problems of the third party logistics packaging,and also gives the corresponding countermeasures.%包装在整个物流系统运行中有着重要作用,但随着消费市场的变化,物流包装已不仅止于保护功能,更多与整个供应链联系起来,于是专业的第三方物流包装应运而生。文章就第三方物流包装的特点、优势等方面展开讨论,并指出我国第三方物流包装存在的问题以及发展对策。

  7. Study on Situation and Development Strategies of Third Party Logistics of Agricultural Products%农产品第三方物流的现状及发展对策探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈云天

    2015-01-01

    中国是农业大国,在农业生产资料的生产、供给,以及加工、储运、销售农产品等领域拥有的物流市场空间是巨大的。文中首先简单论述农产品第三方物流的发展现状,并以此为基础提出具体的发展对策,希望能为我国发展农产品第三方物流提供参考。%China is a large agricultural country,in the production of agricultural means of production,supply,storage,and processing,with sales of agricultural products in areas such as logistics market space is enormous.This paper first briefly reviews the present development of third party logistics of agricultural products,and based on this proposes the specific development strategy,hoping to provide a reference for Chinese developing third party logistics of agricultural products.

  8. Secure multi-party computation solution to Yao's millionaires' problem based on set-inclusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Shundong; DAI Yiqi; YOU Qiyou

    2005-01-01

    Secure multi-party computation is a focus of international cryptography in recent years. Protocols for Yao's millionaires' problem have become an important building block of many secure multi-party computation protocols. Their efficiency are crucial to the efficiency of many secure multi-party computation protocols. Unfortunately, known protocols for Yao's millionaires' problem have high computational complexity or communication complexity. In this study, based on the 1-out-of-m oblivious transfer and set-inclusion problem, we propose a new protocol to solve this problem. This new protocol is very efficient in terms of both computational and communication complexities. Its privacy-preserving property is also proved by simulation paradigm which is generally accepted in the study of secure multi-party computation. We also compare the information leakage of our new protocol and the known protocols.

  9. Study on Optimization of Third Party Logistics Transportation Based on Improved Heuristic Algorithm%基于改进的启发式算法的第三方物流运输优化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉华; 侯彦波

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we used the improved heuristic algonthm to optimize the third party logistics transportation operations and established the corresponding mathematical model to eliminate constraints in time and space and promote the speedy development of third party logistics.%针对传统物流运作模式的不科学之处进行了研究,利用改进的启发式算法对第三方物流运输进行了优化处理,并建立相应的数学模型,以消除时间和空间等方面的约束,促进第三方物流的迅速发展.

  10. International nuclear liability law. Range of application and principles of liability; Internationales Atomhaftungsrecht. Anwendungsbereich und Haftungsprinzipien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kissich, S.

    2004-07-01

    In this book the technical and the geographical range of application of the conventions of nuclear liability as well as the new comprehensively are analyzed for the first time. The author distributes a lot of open questions and offers own proposals of solution. Among other things, the questions cover the subsequent topics: liability for final storage facilities, application at military nuclear plants, validity of the conventions in accidents on high seas, application on nuclear damages in third-party governments, impact of the non-applicability of the convention on the liability of the operator and third persons. In addition, this book also is suitable for a venturing into the international nuclear liability law. The complex and bulky subject is prepared clearly and in an easily readable style.

  11. Analysis on the Development Strategy of the Third Party Logistics in the Supply Chain Environment%供应链环境下的第三方物流发展策略分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠毅

    2016-01-01

    文中总结了我国第三方物流企业在提升供应链核心企业的管理能力及实施过程中的作用,并针对在供应链管理条件下第三方物流的现状和问题,提出第三方物流在供应链管理条件下的发展建议,从而促进第三方物流在新的环境下的发展。%This paper summarizes the third party logistics enterprises in the supply chain management ability and the implementation process of the role, and in the supply chain management conditions of the three party logistics and the problem, put forward third party logistics in the supply chain management development proposal, so as to promote the development of the third party logistics in the new environment.

  12. 浅析模糊综合评价对第三方物流服务商的选择%A Study on the Selection of the Third Party Logistics Service Provider Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王景敏

    2011-01-01

    通过分析现代第三方物流的特点,构建全面的评价和选择现代第三方物流供应商的指标体系;采用层次分析法确定各专家组成员以及评价指标体系各级指标的权重;详细阐述集成层次分析法和模糊综合评价方法选择现代第三方物流供应商的步骤;最后,通过算例说明方法的科学性和合理性。%By analyzing the features of the third party logistics, the thesis intends to construct a comprehensive evaluation and an index system of the selection of the third party logistics service provider. The thesis proposes to adopt analytical hierarchy process to determine the members of the expert group and the index proportion of each level in the evaluation index system. The thesis also illustrates in detail the integrated analytical hierarchy process and the steps to select the third party logistics service provider by applying fuzzy comprehensive evaluation. The thesis finally demonstrates the scientificity and rationality by examples.

  13. 论第三方支付的洗钱路径与防范%On the Prevention of Money-Laundering Channels of the Third-Party Payment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘成贺

    2011-01-01

    Based on the third-party payment,there are so many channels for money-laundering,such as making the cash into the third-party payment,fictitious sale,screening the fund flow,cross-border supply and so on.In order to implement the safe prevention of money-laundering,firstly,the legal framework should be completed;secondly,the system of customer identify certified should be improved and the bloke trade and suspicious transactions should be reported;thirdly,the supervisory system of anti-money-laundering should be established;lastly,self-discipline of respective trade and international cooperation should be enhanced.To avoid unmanageable transaction and financial flow,banking accounts should be bound and the transaction records should be kept by aid of internet,which can guarantee the reality of deal,and resurrect the source and destination of funds.%利用第三方支付进行洗钱的路径有现金植入第三方支付系统、虚构交易、屏蔽资金流向、跨境支付等。我国应完善反洗钱法律制度,健全客户身份识别制度、大额交易和可疑交易报告制度,建立反洗钱监控系统,加强行业自律与国际合作,更要针对失控的交易与资金流,通过物联网帐户绑定、保存交易记录来保证交易的真实、再现资金的最初来源和最终去向,以实现对第三方支付洗钱的安全防范。

  14. Strategic Thinking on the Development of the Third Party Logistics based on Supply Chain Management%基于供应链管理的第三方物流发展战略思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓艳; 张文霞; 金小燕

    2016-01-01

    the modern supply chain management comes from the popularization of computer technology.This paper mainly studies the development strategy of third party logistics in the supply chain management mode.From the supply chain perspective interpretation,in-depth analysis of the supply chain management meaning,and expounds the enterprises in the supply chain management mode for the third party logistics process design,hoping to find out the development strategy of third party logistics is more scientific and reasonable.%现代的供应链管理源自与计算机技术的普及。文中主要研究了第三方物流在企业供应链管理模式下的发展战略。文中从供应链释义角度出发,深入分析了供应链管理的含义,并阐述了企业在供应链管理模式中对于第三方物流的流程设计,期望能够找出第三方物流更加科学合理的发展策略。

  15. 冲突管理中的第三方及其地位和角色%Third-party Status and Roles of Conflict Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹哲

    2015-01-01

    在冲突化解中,因第三方本身所扮演的角色及所处的地位而使其发挥巨大的作用,因而第三方的相关研究也成为当今冲突管理领域研究的热点。但学界对何为第三方以及第三方的地位和角色并未给出明确的、符合逻辑的界定与澄清。第三方地位与角色的获得因其本身所具有的内在规定性,因此从第三方的基本内涵入手探讨其地位、角色及其相互关系是第三方理论体系构建的必要前提。%In conflict resolution, because the roles and status of third-party which plays itself and makes it play a huge role, and thus re-searching to third-party has become a hotspot of conflict management research field. But scholars did not give a clear, logical definition and clarification on what third-party is and what third-party status and roles are. To get the status and role of the third party and to play roles because the internal regulations of their own has. Therefore, starting from the basic connotation of a third party to investigate the sta-tus, roles and their relationship is a necessary prerequisite to third parties theoretical system construction.

  16. [Single or double moral standards? Professional ethics of psychiatrists regarding self-determination, rights of third parties and involuntary treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollmächer, T

    2015-09-01

    The current intensive discussion on the legal and moral aspects of involuntary treatment of psychiatric patients raises a number of ethical issues. Physicians are unambiguously obligated to protect patient welfare and autonomy; however, in psychiatric patients disease-related restrictions in the capacity of self-determination and behaviors endangering the rights of third parties can seriously challenge this unambiguity. Therefore, psychiatry is assumed to have a double function and is also obligated to third parties and to society in general. Acceptance of such a kind of double obligation carries the risk of double moral standards, placing the psychiatrist ethically outside the community of physicians and questioning the unrestricted obligation towards the patient. The present article formulates a moral position, which places the psychiatrist, like all other physicians, exclusively on the side of the patient in terms of professional ethics and discusses the practical problems arising from this moral position.

  17. 32 CFR 728.35 - Coordination of benefits-third party payers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Coordination of benefits-third party payers. 728... MEDICAL AND DENTAL CARE FOR ELIGIBLE PERSONS AT NAVY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT FACILITIES Retired Members and Dependents of the Uniformed Services § 728.35 Coordination of benefits—third party payers. Title 10...

  18. Not 'Just the two of us' : Third party externalities of social dilemmas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Iest, Hanne; Dijkstra, J.; Stokman, F.N.

    2011-01-01

    Many real-life social dilemmas contain third parties who cannot make decisions in the dilemma, but are affected by its outcome (receive externalities) nonetheless. Dilemmas with identical payoffs for decision-making actors may greatly vary in their externalities for third parties. If actors value th

  19. 75 FR 33683 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Infant Bath Seats: Requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION 16 CFR Part 1215 Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Infant Bath Seats: Requirements for Accreditation of Third Party Conformity Correction In rule document 2010-13080 beginning...

  20. Enacting Third-Party Certification: A Case Study of Science and Politics in Organic Shrimp Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konefal, Jason; Hatanaka, Maki

    2011-01-01

    As third-party certification has become a prominent governance mechanism, conflicting understandings of it have emerged. Proponents advance third-party certification as a technical and objective governance mechanism, while critics argue that politics and relations of power characterize it. We reject this dichotomization both in terms of how TPC is…

  1. 物流金融三方价值链提升模式研究%Study on Mode for Improving Logistics Finance Third Party Value Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    竺华奇

    2011-01-01

    The paper first introduces the concept and basic operational mode of logistics finance, then analyzes the importance of logistics finance for the financing enterprises, logistics providers and financial institutions and finally proposes the mode for improving the third party value chain in logistics finance.%首先阐述了物流金融的相关概念和基本运行模式,然后分析了物流金融对融资企业、物流企业以及金融机构的价值,最后提出了物流金融三方价值链提升的模式,以推进物流金融更好更快地发展.

  2. On Planning of Third - party Logistics, Taxation on the Background of Business tax Transforming Value - added Tax%“营改增”背景下第三方物流企业税收筹划研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏冬明

    2014-01-01

    At present , the third party logistics in our country has developed fast , showing a strong vitality , but in the development process ,there also appeared a lot of problems , such as bearing the heavy burden of taxation . In order to reduce the cost of the third party logistics , summed up tax system of the third party logistics in China , the author of this paper discusses the role of tax planning ,puts forward the method of tax planning and formulates tax planning program ,realizing tax avoidance reasonably .In the long run ,the reform of business tax transforming value - added tax can reduce the tax burden of the third party logistics ,and improve the ability to bear the financial risk ,to achieve its long - term sustainable and healthy development , to better promote the competitiveness of the third party logistics in the international market .%目前,我国第三方物流获得了快速发展,显示出强大的生命力,但在发展的过程中,也出现了许多问题,比如物流业承担着沉重的税收负担。从税收的角度出发,以降低第三方物流企业成本为目的,总结我国第三方物流企业的税收制度,论述税收筹划的作用,提出“营改增”背景下第三方物流企业纳税筹划的方法,为第三方物流企业制订合理有效的税收筹划方案,实现了合理避税。从长远看,“营改增”税收改革可以降低第三方物流企业的税收负担,提高企业承担财务风险的能力,实现其长期持续健康发展的战略目标,更好地促进其在国际物流市场的竞争力。

  3. 论第三人侵害债权的基本特征和表现形态%ON THE CHARACTERISTICS AND MANIFESTATIONS OF A THIRD PARTY INFRINGEMENT ON CREDITORS' RIGHTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴用平

    2012-01-01

    第三人侵害债权的基本特征是:主观上,故意是原则,过失为例外;行为主体主要是债的关系以外的第三人,但在第三人与债务人恶意通谋实施旨在侵害债权人债权的行为时,债务人亦可成为共同主体;行为客体是他人的合法债权:该制度在功能和作用上只能是一种补充性的法律制度。其表现形态分为直接侵害和间接侵害两种。直接侵害债权分为:因第:三人的行为直接侵害债权,致使债权丧失或实现困难的情形;第三人处分或行使债权,直接导致债权消灭的情形。间接侵害债权分为:实体侵害、引诱侵害和通谋侵害三类。%The basic characteristics of a third party torting behaviors are the details as follow: in terms of subjective, intent is principle while negligence is exception; behavior main body refers to a third party beyond the belt relationship, but when debtor colludes with a third party to infringe others debt right, he is become a co-main body; the behavior object is a valid creditor's right of others; in terms of fimction and effect this system is only an additional one. Its manifestations are divided into direct wrongdoings and indirect ones. Direct wrongdoings can be divided into: due to acts of the third party infringing creditor's rights directly, and resulting in claims loss or achieve a difficult situation; and the third party punishment or exercise creditor's rights, a direct result of debt elimination. Indirect wrongdoings are divided into entity against, seduce encroach and collusive encroach.

  4. An Integrated Fuzzy Approach for Strategic Alliance Partner Selection in Third-Party Logistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burak Erkayman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Outsourcing some of the logistic activities is a useful strategy for companies in recent years. This makes it possible for firms to concentrate on their main issues and processes and presents facility to improve logistics performance, to reduce costs, and to improve quality. Therefore provider selection and evaluation in third-party logistics become important activities for companies. Making a strategic decision like this is significantly hard and crucial. In this study we proposed a fuzzy multicriteria decision making (MCDM approach to effectively select the most appropriate provider. First we identify the provider selection criteria and build the hierarchical structure of decision model. After building the hierarchical structure we determined the selection criteria weights by using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP technique. Then we applied fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS to obtain final rankings for providers. And finally an illustrative example is also given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model.

  5. An integrated fuzzy approach for strategic alliance partner selection in third-party logistics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkayman, Burak; Gundogar, Emin; Yilmaz, Aysegul

    2012-01-01

    Outsourcing some of the logistic activities is a useful strategy for companies in recent years. This makes it possible for firms to concentrate on their main issues and processes and presents facility to improve logistics performance, to reduce costs, and to improve quality. Therefore provider selection and evaluation in third-party logistics become important activities for companies. Making a strategic decision like this is significantly hard and crucial. In this study we proposed a fuzzy multicriteria decision making (MCDM) approach to effectively select the most appropriate provider. First we identify the provider selection criteria and build the hierarchical structure of decision model. After building the hierarchical structure we determined the selection criteria weights by using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP) technique. Then we applied fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) to obtain final rankings for providers. And finally an illustrative example is also given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model.

  6. Integration of DEMATEL, ANP and DEA methods for third party logistics providers’ selection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esra Aytaç Adalı

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In a competitive environment many companies usually outsource their logistics functions to the Third Party Logistics (TPL providers to focus on their core businesses. However, the selection of proper TPL provider is not an easy task because of conflicting quantitative and qualitative criteria. This study presents an integrated model based on three well-known methods with Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL, Analytical Network Process (ANP and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA for the evaluation and selection of TPL providers. DEMATEL computes the effects between selection criteria while ANP derives the weights of each criterion related with TPL providers’ selection problem. Finally DEA presents a mathematical model for ranking TPL providers alternatives with respect to various criteria. The application of integrated model is demonstrated with a case study. The novelty of this study comes from the fact that there is no research in the literature integrating DEMATEL, ANP and DEA for the TPL selection problems.

  7. Evaluation of Digital Library Resources Based on the Third Party Platform%基于第三方平台的数字图书馆资源评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹异卿; 唐俊

    2013-01-01

    随着互联网的发展,数字图书馆在现代图书馆中占据着越来越重要的地位.论文针对目前数字图书馆读者交流不便,数字资源的读者评价匮乏,不同数字图书馆之间的数字资源评价无法实现共享和馆际交流等问题,提出了一个基于第三方平台的数字图书馆资源评价模式.第三方平台采用Web服务的方式,根据客户提供的数字资源唯一识别信息为客户提供数字资源评价服务.通过在数字图书馆中引入第三方评价平台的模式,不仅可以解决图书馆数字资源评价的问题,而且实现了跨馆的数字资源评价交流.%With the development of internet,the digital library has played a more and more important role in the modern library.In this article,aiming to problems of the digital library including the poor communication with the readers,the lacking of the readers' comments and failing to share the digital resource evaluation and the exchanges between the digital libraries,we present a resource evaluation mode based on the third-party platform for the digital library.By means of web service and according to the digital resource's unique identifying information provided by the customers,the third-party platform will provide the customers with the digital resource evaluation service.With the intro duction of such mode of the third-party evaluation platform into the digital library,it will not only solve the problem of digital resource evaluation in the library,but also realize the digital resource evaluation and exchanges across the libraries.

  8. An eco-solution for track & trace of goods and third party logistics

    OpenAIRE

    Roos, K.; West, M.; Chang, E.; Armstrong, B.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a new economic cost-effective solution known as the Web and telephony based method for tracking and tracing of goods and small and medium sized third party logistic providers. Considering that these companies usually operate on very flat margins, a comparison is made of the available track and trace technologies like GPS, mobile phone approximated GPS and Java based cell tracking in terms of costs, operating risks, and other evaluation criteria.

  9. 1- and 2-year-olds' expectations about third-party communicative actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorgrimsson, Gudmundur B; Fawcett, Christine; Liszkowski, Ulf

    2015-05-01

    Infants expect people to direct actions toward objects, and they respond to actions directed to themselves, but do they have expectations about actions directed to third parties? In two experiments, we used eye tracking to investigate 1- and 2-year-olds' expectations about communicative actions addressed to a third party. Experiment 1 presented infants with videos where an adult (the Emitter) either uttered a sentence or produced non-speech sounds. The Emitter was either face-to-face with another adult (the Recipient) or the two were back-to-back. The Recipient did not respond to any of the sounds. We found that 2-, but not 1-year-olds looked quicker and longer at the Recipient following speech than non-speech, suggesting that they expected her to respond to speech. These effects were specific to the face-to-face context. Experiment 2 presented 1-year-olds with similar face-to-face exchanges but modified to engage infants and minimize task demands. The infants looked quicker to the Recipient following speech than non-speech, suggesting that they expected a response to speech. The study suggests that by 1 year of age infants expect communicative actions to be directed at a third-party listener.

  10. Parsing the Behavioral and Brain Mechanisms of Third-Party Punishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnie, Richard J.; Hoffman, Morris B.; Shen, Francis X.; Simons, Kenneth W.

    2016-01-01

    The evolved capacity for third-party punishment is considered crucial to the emergence and maintenance of elaborate human social organization and is central to the modern provision of fairness and justice within society. Although it is well established that the mental state of the offender and the severity of the harm he caused are the two primary predictors of punishment decisions, the precise cognitive and brain mechanisms by which these distinct components are evaluated and integrated into a punishment decision are poorly understood. Using fMRI, here we implement a novel experimental design to functionally dissociate the mechanisms underlying evaluation, integration, and decision that were conflated in previous studies of third-party punishment. Behaviorally, the punishment decision is primarily defined by a superadditive interaction between harm and mental state, with subjects weighing the interaction factor more than the single factors of harm and mental state. On a neural level, evaluation of harms engaged brain areas associated with affective and somatosensory processing, whereas mental state evaluation primarily recruited circuitry involved in mentalization. Harm and mental state evaluations are integrated in medial prefrontal and posterior cingulate structures, with the amygdala acting as a pivotal hub of the interaction between harm and mental state. This integrated information is used by the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex at the time of the decision to assign an appropriate punishment through a distributed coding system. Together, these findings provide a blueprint of the brain mechanisms by which neutral third parties render punishment decisions. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Punishment undergirds large-scale cooperation and helps dispense criminal justice. Yet it is currently unknown precisely how people assess the mental states of offenders, evaluate the harms they caused, and integrate those two components into a single punishment decision. Using a

  11. A study on the assessment model of third-party pharmaceutical logistics service providers%第三方医药物流服务商评价模型的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宿晓

    2012-01-01

    在当前药品集中招标采购的大环境下,第三方医药物流服务商的综合评价和公平选择至关重要.本文在进行问卷调查的基础上,建立了第三方医药物流服务商的综合评价指标体系,采用层次分析法和熵权法相结合的方法确定了各个评价指标的权重,最后运用TOPSIS法计算出各医药物流服务商的综合评价指数并进行优劣排序.%It is very important that integrated assessment and fair selection of third-partypharmaceutical logistics service providers in the bidding procedure of large regional congregate medicine purchases. This paper setup an integrated assessment index system to third-party pharmaceutical logistic service providers based on aquestionnaire investigation. The weight of every assessment index is calculated by AHP and entropy weight. At last, the optimal selection order of every third-partypharmaceutical logistics service pro-vidersis given based on the composite assessment index sys-temcalculated by TOPSIS method.

  12. Amsterdam Paris Stockholm meeting

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    We are glad to welcome you in Paris at IAP for the third edition of the Amsterdam-Paris-Stockholm workshop, which will be held from December 16th to 18th 2013. Please register in order for us to know how many of you intend to participate.

  13. High strength-of-ties and low mobility enable the evolution of third-party punishment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roos, Patrick; Gelfand, Michele; Nau, Dana; Carr, Ryan

    2014-02-07

    As punishment can be essential to cooperation and norm maintenance but costly to the punisher, many evolutionary game-theoretic studies have explored how direct punishment can evolve in populations. Compared to direct punishment, in which an agent acts to punish another for an interaction in which both parties were involved, the evolution of third-party punishment (3PP) is even more puzzling, because the punishing agent itself was not involved in the original interaction. Despite significant empirical studies of 3PP, little is known about the conditions under which it can evolve. We find that punishment reputation is not, by itself, sufficient for the evolution of 3PP. Drawing on research streams in sociology and psychology, we implement a structured population model and show that high strength-of-ties and low mobility are critical for the evolution of responsible 3PP. Only in such settings of high social-structural constraint are punishers able to induce self-interested agents toward cooperation, making responsible 3PP ultimately beneficial to individuals as well as the collective. Our results illuminate the conditions under which 3PP is evolutionarily adaptive in populations. Responsible 3PP can evolve and induce cooperation in cases where other mechanisms alone fail to do so.

  14. THIRD PARTY LOGISTIC SERVICE PROVIDER SELECTION USING FUZZY AHP AND TOPSIS METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golam Kabir

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of third party logistic(3PL services providers is increasing globally to accomplish the strategic objectives. In the increasingly competitive environment, logistics strategic management requires systematic and structured approach to have cutting edge over the rival. Logistics service provider selection is a complex multi-criteria decision making process; in which, decision makers have to deals with the optimization of conflicting objectives such as quality, cost, and delivery time. In this paper, fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP approach based on technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS method has been proposed for evaluating and selecting an appropriate logistics service provider, where the ratings of each alternative and importance weight of each criterion are expressed in triangular fuzzy numbers.

  15. Understanding researchers' openness to external parties influencing academic research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Olmos-Penuela, Julia; Benneworth, Paul; Castro-Martínez, Elena

    2014-01-01

    Ambiguity surrounding the effect of external engagement on academic research has raised questions about what motivates researchers to collaborate with third parties. This paper contributes to this debate by progressing beyond the idea that researchers engage with society simply because of direct ben

  16. Understanding resarchers' openness to external parties influencing academic research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Olmos Peñuela, Julia; Benneworth, Paul; Castro-Martínez, Elena

    2014-01-01

    Ambiguity surrounding the effect of external engagement on academic research has raised questions about what motivates researchers to collaborate with third parties. This paper contributes to this debate by progressing beyond the idea that researchers engage with society simply because of direct ben

  17. 促进我国第三方药品物流发展的监管对策研究%Research on the Administrative Measures for Developing Third-party Drug Logistics in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪钢

    2014-01-01

    Objective To provide administrative measures for developing third-party drug logistics in China.Methods Based on the definition,operation mode,competitive advantage and the current situation of third-party drug logistics in China,the main problems and the corresponding causes were analyzed from the aspects of the customer,provider and administrator.Results and Conclusion The development and growth of the third-party drug logistics can be further promoted by a perfect mechanism,a fair market, sound policies, advanced information technology, unified standard, authoritative industry associations and strengthened professional training.As a result,the drug distribution market will be improved in terms of standard,scale and intensity.%目的:为促进我国第三方药品物流快速发展,探讨监管对策。方法简要介绍我国第三方药品物流的定义、运作模式、竞争优势和发展现状,并分别从医药企业客户、第三方药品物流企业、政府和行业监管等三个物流相关方,对当前第三方药品物流存在的主要问题及其原因进行分析。结果与结论完善监管体制、破除地方保护、健全政策法规、加快标准化和信息化建设、培育权威行业协会、加强专业人才培养,将会进一步促进我国第三方药品物流的发展壮大,提高药品流通市场规范化、规模化、集约化程度。

  18. 第三方物流企业动产质押监管市场策略研究%Research on the Market Strategies of Supervising the Pledge of Movables of Third-party Logistics Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左振华

    2013-01-01

    通过对第三方物流企业开展动产质押监管业务所面临瓶颈分析,提出相关对策。即细分市场,变被动提供监管服务为主动出击,做到监管业务有所为有所不为,以规避风险。%Through an analysis on the bottlenecks for the imple-mentation of the business for the supervision of the pledge of movables of third-party logistics enterprises, relevant counter-measures are proposed, that is, the sub-division of the market, the change from negatively offering supervision service to active supervision, and appropriate supervision, aiming to help avoid risks.

  19. Benchmarking the interactions among barriers in third-party logistics implementation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diabat, A.; Khreishah, A.; Govindan, Kannan

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the interaction among some of the major barriers that may hinder the implementation of third-party logistics (TPL) in manufacturing industries. Design/methodology/approach: This paper uses an interpretive structural modeling (ISM) methodology to an...... and ports, and fear of employees of the firm, demonstrate both strong driving power and strong dependence power, as illustrated in the MICMAC analysis. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited....

  20. Evaluating the service quality of third-party logistics service providers using the analytic hierarchy process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soon-hoo So

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study we apply the analytic hierarchy process (AHP to evaluate the service quality of third-party logistics (3PL service providers. We first conceptualize five dimensions of 3PL service quality (i.e. tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance and empathy. We then apply the AHP method to determine the relative weights of the five service quality dimensions and eventually select the best 3PL service provider. To implement this idea in practice, we conduct an empirical case study on four companies providing 3PL services in Korea. The results indicate that Responsiveness out of the five service quality dimensions is the most important factor in the perception of 3PL customers.

  1. Analyses on Develop Tactics about the Third Party Logistics of Agricultural Products in the Low-carbon Economy%低碳经济下第三方农产品物流发展策略分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁丽芳; 宗颖生; 刘艳萍

    2014-01-01

    The progress of the society promotes the development of third-party logistics. With the rapid development of economics,the consumption of natural energy gradually increased which leading to growing amounts of carbon emission. Much focus has given to low-carbon.This paper firstly discuss the importance of third -party logistics development of agricultural products in low-carbon economy. Secondly,we analyze the existing problems in the development of third -party logistics of agricultural products. Finally,we put forward the corresponding strategies to expect the third party logistics of agricultural products in the low-carbon economy to reach stable sustainable development.%社会的进步促进第三方物流不断发展,随着经济的迅猛发展,自然能源的消耗逐渐增加,导致碳排放量日益增大,低碳理念成为人们格外关注的焦点问题。文中首先论述了低碳经济下第三方农产品物流发展的重要意义,随后分析了第三方农产品物流发展中存在的问题,最后提出了相应的解决对策,期待第三方农产品物流在低碳经济理念下实现稳定的可持续发展。

  2. Research design strategies to evaluate the impact of formulations on abuse liability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McColl, Shelley; Sellers, Edward M

    2006-06-01

    Scheduling of a chemical drug substance under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) includes an evaluation of preclinical and clinical safety, and experimental abuse liability studies, as well as information on diversion and overdose. Formulations that mitigate abuse liability, dependence potential and public health risks (e.g., altered absorption rate and tamperability, long half-life, pro-drugs and combination products) are amenable to preclinical and clinical studies to compare their abuse potential to reference compounds. For new formulations (NF) as marketed agents, direct comparison to the immediate release (IR) formulation of the reference compound is typically needed across the full range of potential studies. While the public health advantage of formulation changes in the marketplace can be conceptualized in behavioral economic terms, generating persuasive data is challenging. Study complexity increases because of additional conditions (e.g., placebo, 2-3 doses of the IR formulation, 2-3 doses of the new formulation, and 2-3 doses of the unscheduled or negative control drug), larger sample sizes (study power driven by the comparison of the new formulation versus the IR or placebo), and associated increases in study duration. However, the use of single maximal doses of well-characterized controls can reduce the number of study arms, and using incomplete block designs can reduce study duration. Less typical experimental approaches may also be useful, such as human choice or discrimination procedures, or pre-marketing consumer studies among experienced drug tamperers. New formulations that demonstrate a substantial difference from marketed or reference products have a potential marketing advantage and should require less onerous risk management. Post-marketing epidemiological data demonstrating the lack of abuse will carry the most weight from a public health and physician perspective.

  3. The Impact of Having Children on Party Member Activism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    2014-01-01

    in the dependent variable. Third, the smaller the children, the larger the cost and the larger the negative impact on party activism no matter what type or intensity. Furthermore, there are only limited gender differences in the impact of having children so that children, in particular in the young age group, do...... not have a larger impact on women than men, except when it comes to meeting attendance. In sum, children do have an impact on party member activism, and the gender gap in this effect is very limited.......Party member activism varies in type and intensity, and it is necessary to take this into consideration when explaining the degree of participation. One potential explanation for the level of party member participation is the extent to which there are children in the household. Based on the Danish...

  4. Innovation in an international third party logistics firm: A strategy-as-practice perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lianguang Cui

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Logistics firms play an important role in the economy but they have received little attention in strategic management and logistics management literature. This paper intends to fill in this gap by looking a specific strategising process, innovation, at an international third party logistics (TPL firm. Using strategy as a practice perspective, the paper describes and analyses how innovation emerges and evolves over time. Drawing on an in-depth longitudinal case study of an international TPL firm, this study shows that intra-organisational interactions as well as inter-organisational interactions are essential in the innovation process at logistics firms. The innovation process at logistics firms is complicated and includes both top-down and bottom-up processes. It is vertically decoupled and multidirectional. Innovation at logistics firms emerges as a combination of an ad hoc response to a customer request and a purpose-driven interactive process.

  5. Average Out-of-Pocket Expenses Across Different Drug Categories and Commercial Third-Party Payers

    OpenAIRE

    Lenderts, Susan; Kalali, Amir H.

    2010-01-01

    In this Trend Watch, we look at retail pharmacy prescriptions for branded and generic attention deficit hyperactivity disorder treatments, atypical antipsychotics, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors and analyze the average out-of-pocket costs incurred by patients who are covered by commercial third-party prescription plans (i.e., as opposed to patients covered by Medicaid or patients with no prescription coverage). Overall, patient ou...

  6. The Role of Third-Party Logistics (3PL) Providers in Produce

    OpenAIRE

    Hinson, Roger A.

    2005-01-01

    Supply-Chain Management (SCM) reduces time requirements and costs from supply chains to improve profitability and/or competitiveness. These savings are possible through conceptual advances and increasing use of powerful computer hardware and software. The SCM concept is defined, and some considerations of its application in the produce area are discussed. Most applications and benefits have resulted from alliances between large retailers and large packaged-goods vendors. Third-party logistics...

  7. Banning reproductive travel: Turkey's ART legislation and third-party assisted reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gürtin, Zeynep B

    2011-11-01

    In March 2010, Turkey became the first country to legislate against the cross-border travel of its citizens seeking third-party reproductive assistance. Although the use of donor eggs, donor spermatozoa and surrogacy had been illegal in Turkey since the introduction of a regulatory framework for assisted reproductive treatment in 1987, men and women were free to access these treatments in other jurisdictions. In some cases, such travel for cross-border reproductive care (CBRC) was even facilitated by sophisticated arrangements between IVF clinics in Turkey and in other countries, particularly in Cyprus. However, new amendments to Turkey's assisted reproduction legislation specifically forbid travel for the purposes of third-party assisted reproduction. This article outlines the cultural context of assisted reproductive treatment in Turkey; details the Turkish assisted reproduction legislation, particularly as it pertains to third-party reproductive assistance; explores Turkish attitudes towards donor gametes and surrogacy; assesses the existence and extent of CBRC prior to March 2010; and discusses some of the legal, ethical and practical implications of the new legislation. As CBRC becomes an increasingly pertinent issue, eliciting debate and discussion at both national and international levels, it is important to carefully consider the particular circumstances and potential consequences of this unique example.

  8. Third-party reproduction in the Internet Age: the new, patient-centered landscape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodward, Julia T

    2015-09-01

    The rise of the Internet Age has brought a host of sweeping changes to the landscape of third-party reproduction. What began as a dyadic relationship between doctor and patient has evolved into a more complex system in which patients are able to access information online from a variety of external sources. Patients often seek to play a more active role in their third-party reproductive care, and the Internet allows them to do so. Further, demand for both medical and psychosocial information about donors and donor-conceived siblings, available online through patient forums and genetic registries, has altered the perception of gamete donation from a one-time event to an ongoing relationship. The advantages and disadvantages for patients and providers of this freer flow of information between third-party participants are examined. Search motivations of recipients and offspring, as well as types of information sought, are detailed. Recommendations are made regarding strategies fertility programs can use to optimally support their patients and navigate this new landscape.

  9. 论行政诉讼原告资格标准和第三人资格标准之界分%On the qualification standards' demarcation of the plaintiff and the third party in administrative proceedings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹丛丛

    2012-01-01

    According to Chinag Administrative Procedure Law, the difference between plaintiff qualification and the third party' s qualification is the difference between the interest and the legal interest. It takes great difficulty for the determina- tion of the plaintiff and the third party. Therefore, this article attempts to start from clearing the interest and the legal in- terest, finding out the division rules of the plaintiff and the third party' s qualification standards, so as to clarify the rela- tionship between the two.%根据我国《行政诉讼法》规定,行政诉讼原告资格和第三人资格仅是法律上的利害关系和利害关系的区别,这给行政诉讼原告和第三人的实际确定带来了很大困难。因此本文试图从明晰利害关系和法律上的利害关系之区别人手,找出原告和第三人资格标准之界分规则,从而厘清二者的关系。

  10. A thyrotoxicosis outbreak due to dietary pills in Paris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent Ioos

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Vincent Ioos1, Vincent Das1, Eric Maury1,2, Jean-Luc Baudel1, Jérôme Guéchot3, Bertrand Guidet1,2, Georges Offenstadt1,21Réanimation Médicale; 2Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, INSERM, UMR-S 707; 3Unité d’Hormonologie, APHP, Hôpital Saint Antoine, F-75012, Paris, FranceAbstract: Three women were consecutively admitted to our medical intensive care unit for thyrotoxicosis after the ingestion of dietary pills accidentally containing high levels of thyroxin. These cases were observed during an outbreak in the Paris area. Despite similar blood levels of thyroid hormones, their clinical presentation and outcome were very different. One patient developed febrile confusion and died from malignant hyperthermia. The second one had progressive confusion requiring mechanical plasma exchange therapy and had a favorable outcome. The third one had very moderate symptoms. These exceptional observations raise several issues concerning diagnosis, physiopathology and treatment of thyrotoxicosis factitia.Keywords: thyrotoxicosis, dietary pills, thyroxin

  11. Choice of Court Clauses and Lis Pendens under Brussels I Regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina Ivanova

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The principle of party autonomy, known not only in the common law legal system but also in the civil law system, provides parties contracting in civil and commercial matters with the right to establish their own rules, as long as these rules do not contradict mandatory law. This right is presumed to be protected by the force of law. It follows, that when a choice of court clause is included in the contract, disputes are supposed to be solved by the court chosen by the parties. This principle is not compromised by the Brussels I Regulation (or previously, the Brussels Convention. Moreover, it is repeated in its Articles 1 and 23. At the same time, the rule of lis pendens, provided for by its Article 27, aims to preclude subsequent actions in other Member States if a court is already seized and allows the appearance 'on the legal scene' of a court other than the court chosen by the parties. And the lis pendens rule prescribes the latter to stay proceedings until the court not chosen, but first seized, examines and declines its jurisdiction.

  12. Paris-Princeton lectures on mathematical finance 2002

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    The Paris-Princeton Lectures in Financial Mathematics, of which this is the first volume, will, on an annual basis, publish cutting-edge research in self-contained, expository articles from outstanding - established or upcoming! - specialists. The aim is to produce a series of articles that can serve as an introductory reference for research in the field. It arises as a result of frequent exchanges between the finance and financial mathematics groups in Paris and Princeton. The present volume sets standards with articles by P. Bank/H. Föllmer, F. Baudoin, L.C.G. Rogers, and M. Soner/N. Touzi.

  13. Via Lyon: Parcours de romans et mutations éditoriales au XVIe siècle. Partie II. La circulation des textes entre Lyon et Paris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaëlle Burg

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available La première partie du dossier Via Lyon (Carte Romanze 2/2 [2014] analysait le rôle de carrefour économique et culturel de la ville de Lyon dans la constitution d’une identité éditoriale des romans publiés en France au XVIe siècle. L’étude de ces «parcours de romans» conduit à replacer, en cette seconde partie du dossier, la notion d’«étape lyonnaise» dans la dynamique qui anime les deux principaux centres d’imprimerie français de la Renaissance. L’étude des pérégrinations éditoriales, de Paris à Lyon et de Lyon à Paris, de Lancelot du Lac (G. Burg, de Valentin et Orson (M. Colombo Timelli et de Méliadus chevalier de la Croix (A. Réach-Ngô met ainsi au jour les diverses formes de circulation, d’adaptation et de réappropriation que les ateliers parisiens et lyonnais confèrent aux œuvres romanesques qui passent sous leurs presses tout au long du siècle. The first part of the file Via Lyon (Carte Romanze 2/2 [2014] analyzed the role of economic and cultural crossroad of Lyon city in the constitution of an editorial identity of novels published in France in the sixteenth century. The study of these «novels’ route» leads to situate the concept of «Lyon step» in the dynamics which animates the two major French printing centers of the Renaissance. The editorial peregrinations, from Paris to Lyon and from Lyon to Paris, of three french novels, Lancelot du Lac (G. Burg, Valentin and Orson (M. Colombo Timelli and Méliadus chevalier de la Croix (A. Réach-Ngô, shows the various forms of circulation, adaptation and reappropriation that various Parisian and Lyon workshops give to novels they print throughout the century. 

  14. 第三方网上支付企业核心竞争力评价%Third-Party Online Payment Core Competence Evaluation Based on BP Neural Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王拉娣; 史亚伟

    2012-01-01

    Through the online payment industry environment, industry chain and the analysis of major enterprises, built with third-party online payment core competence evaluation index system including with 14 evaluation index. BP neural network model is designed to select a sample of six training companies, three companies to test, and the use of BP neural network model quantitatively identify third-party online payment the strength of the core competence of enterprises. Studies have shown that: compared with the traditional linear model, BP evaluation mode is more dynamic and self-learning nature, the error evaluation of the results of small, high precision, fully reflects real situation of the third-party online payment enterprise's core competence, for third-party online payment to build the core compete-tiveness of enterprises to provide a benchmark, while the third-party online payment company for quantitative evaluation of core competencies has opened up a new way.%通过对网上支付行业环境、产业链和主要企业的分析,构建了具有14个评价指标的第三方网上支付企业核心竞争力评价指标体系.设计了BP神经网络模型,选择了6家样本企业进行训练、3家企业进行测试,并运用BP神经网络模型定量识别第三方网上支付企业核心竞争力强弱.研究表明:BP评价模型与传统的线性评价模型相比,具有更高的动态性和自学习性,评价结果误差小,精度高,能充分反映第三方网上支付企业核心竞争力的真实状况,为第三方网上支付企业核心竞争力的打造提供了基准,同时对第三方网上支付企业核心竞争力进行定量评价开辟了一条新途径.

  15. Third European Influenza Summit: organized by the European Scientific Working group on Influenza (ESWI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    McElhaney, Janet; Osterhaus, Ab

    2013-12-16

    On 2 May 2013, the European Scientific Working group on Influenza (ESWI) held its third influenza summit at the Institute of European Studies at the Free University of Brussels. ESWI brought together more than 90 representatives of organizations of healthcare providers, senior citizens, at-risk patients and public health authorities for a day of tailored lectures, Q&A sessions and networking. Since recent studies, surveys and reviews have shed new light on some of the most intriguing influenza issues, the Summit faculty translated the newest scientific data into practice. The first part of the Summit programme focused on the current flu status in Europe, paying special attention to the protection of pregnant women and the elderly as well as to the issues of vaccine safety and effectiveness. The programme continued to highlight future challenges and evolutions like novel antiviral drugs against influenza, improved flu vaccines and the prospect of a universal flu vaccine. The annual ESWI flu summits are the pinnacles of ESWI's efforts to bridge the gap between science and society. ESWI's members are convinced that the fight against influenza can only be won when all parties are well informed and ready to work together.

  16. Senate report n. 327 law project authorizing the approbation of international agreements on the civil liability in the domain of the nuclear energy; Senat rapport n. 327 projet de loi autorisant l'approbation d'accords internationaux sur la responsabilite civile dans le domaine de l'energie nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    The objective of this law project is to approve two protocols aiming to modify the OECD convention on the civil liability in the nuclear energy domain. After a short presentation of the international regime of civil liability in the nuclear domain with the Paris and Vienna conventions, the author analyzes the main improvements offered by the two protocols of February 2004 facing the french legislation. (A.L.B.)

  17. The Brussels Declaration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holgate, S; Bisgaard, H; Bjermer, L

    2008-01-01

    Asthma is a highly prevalent condition across Europe and numerous guidelines have been developed to optimise management. However, asthma can be neither cured nor prevented, treatment choices are limited and many patients have poorly controlled or uncontrolled asthma. The Brussels Declaration...... and action on the following points: the systemic inflammatory component of asthma should be better understood and considered in assessments of treatment efficacy; current research must be communicated and responded to quickly; the European Medicines Agency guidance note on asthma should be updated; "real...... world" studies should be funded and results used to inform guidelines; variations in care across Europe should be addressed; people with asthma should participate in their own care; the impact of environmental factors should be understood; and targets should be set for improvement. The present paper...

  18. The contribution of Paris to limit global warming to 2 °C

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iyer, Gokul C.; Edmonds, James A.; Fawcett, Allen A.; Hultman, Nathan E.; Alsalam, Jameel; Asrar, Ghassem R.; Calvin, Katherine V.; Clarke, Leon E.; Creason, Jared; Jeong, Minji; Kyle, Page; McFarland, James; Mundra, Anupriya; Patel, Pralit; Shi, Wenjing; McJeon, Haewon C.

    2015-11-24

    International negotiators have clearly articulated a goal to limit global warming to 2°C. In preparation for the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) in Paris in December 2015, countries are submitting their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change indicating their emissions reduction commitments through 2025 or 2030. Limiting global warming to 2°C is a challenging goal and will entail a dramatic transformation of the global energy system, largely complete by 2040. The deliberations in Paris will help determine the balance of challenges faced in the near-term and long-term. We use GCAM, a global integrated assessment model, to analyze the energy and economic-cost implications of INDCs. The INDCs imply near-term actions that reduce the level of mitigation needed in the post-2030 period, particularly when compared with an alternative path, in which nations are unable to undertake emissions mitigation until after 2030. We find that the latter case could require up to 2300 GW of premature retirements of fossil fuel power plants and up to 2900 GW of additional low-carbon power capacity installations within a five-year period of 2031 to 2035. INDCs have the effect of reducing premature retirements and new-capacity installations after 2030 by 50% and 34% respectively. However, if presently announced INDCs were strengthened to achieve greater near-term emissions mitigation, the 2031-2035 transformation could be tempered to require 84% fewer premature retirements of power generation capacity and 56% fewer new-capacity additions. Our results suggest that the ensuing COP21 in Paris will be critical in shaping the challenges of limiting global warming to 2°C.

  19. PARIS to Hektor, A Mission to the Jovian Trojan Asteroids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, R. E.; Ensworth, C. B.; McNutt, R. L.; Ostdiek, P. H.; Prockter, L. M.

    2005-12-01

    PARIS (Planetary Access with Radioisotope Ion-drive System) spacecraft enable a new class of missions to the outer solar system. The high power-to-mass ratio of new radioisotope power systems enables New-Frontiers class missions that carry a significant a science payload to new destinations. The PARIS spacecraft take advantage of the high-efficiency of Stirling radioisotope generators (SRGs) or new thermoelectric converters to provide the power for an electric propulsion system. These low-thrust missions launched to a high C3 are especially effective for exploring objects in shallow gravity wells. The Jovian Trojan asteroids are very primitive bodies located near the Jovian L4 and L5 Lagrange points and are discussed as targets in the Solar System Decadal Survey. There are estimated to be more than 105 Jovian Trojans greater than 1 km in diameter. We consider a PARIS mission that can reach the asteroids in less than 5 years, orbit 624 Hektor, the largest of the Jovian Trojans, and go on to orbit at least one other nearby object. The candidate payload for this mission includes wide-field and narrow-field cameras, a UV-Vis-IR spectrograph, gamma-ray and neutron spectrometers, and plasma and energetic particle spectrometers. About 900 W of power are required. The launch mass would be slightly less than 1000 kg. The generation power sources with a specific power of > 8W/kg.

  20. On the linear span of the p-ary cascaded GMW sequences

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG XiaoHu

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, a recursion is derived to compute the linear span of the p-ary cascaded GMW sequences. It is the first time to determine the linear span of the p-ary cascaded GMW sequence without any restriction on the parameters completely. Whereas, the known result on the p-ary cascaded GMW sequence with the specific parameters in the literature could be viewed as a special case of the new result.

  1. Contingency Contractor Optimization Phase 3 Sustainment Third-Party Software List - Contingency Contractor Optimization Tool - Prototype

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durfee, Justin David; Frazier, Christopher Rawls; Bandlow, Alisa

    2016-05-01

    The Contingency Contractor Optimization Tool - Prototype (CCOT-P) requires several third-party software packages. These are documented below for each of the CCOT-P elements: client, web server, database server, solver, web application and polling application.

  2. 第三方物流开展仓单质押业务的风险及防范%On Risks and Their Prevention for the Third-Party Logistics in Developing the Warehouse Receipt Pledge Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    东方

    2011-01-01

    通过分析第三方物流和仓单质押贷款业务的发展需要,引出了第三方物流发展仓单质押业务的驱动力,运用非合作博弈理论分析了第三方物流开展仓单质押业务的风险权衡,最后讨论了第三方物流应采取的风险防范措施。%This article analyzes the development requirement of the third-party logistics and warehouse receipts pledge.The driving forces of the business are described.Then the author uses a non-cooperative game to weigh the risks for the third-party logistics to develop warehouse receipts pledge business.At last,some measures to prevent risks are discussed for the 3rd party logistics.

  3. 77 FR 40413 - Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-09

    ... 101 Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric... 101 Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric... jurisdiction. \\2\\ Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for...

  4. 75 FR 52616 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Youth All-Terrain Vehicles: Requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-27

    ...+ ATV is intended primarily for children age 12 or younger, which would necessitate the third party... COMMISSION 16 CFR Part 1420 Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Youth All- Terrain Vehicles: Requirements for Accreditation of Third Party Conformity Assessment Bodies AGENCY: Consumer Product...

  5. From Paris to the End of Oil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dag Harald Claes

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the possibilities and obstacles for a cost-effective implementation of policies that will lead to a significant reduction in global CO2 emissions from the use of oil. The structural conditions and economic consequences of changing national or regional energy systems vary dramatically. In addition, there are a large number of actors with strong interests along the energy value chain that may potentially halt, delay or alter the implementation of the Paris treaty. We analyze these issues by first locating oil in the overall energy system, then identifying possibilities and obstacles at various stages of the oil value chain, and finally by contextualizing global oil by discussing whether and how it may be affected by geopolitics and regional conflict. In brief, our argument is that developments in consumption volumes and patterns will be most important. Market forces are vital, but they are influenced by politics and public policy outcomes. Transportation is the most important sector for oil consumption, with changes in transport behavior, modes and technology being vital drivers. The behavior of investors will be a decisive factor in shaping the production side of the oil system. If investments go down as a response to lasting low oil prices and/or because investors decide to turn to green economy options, the supply of oil will logically shrink. On the other hand, the growth and development aspirations of a rapidly growing population in developing countries are likely to stimulate demand and thus increase exploration, production and subsequently the price. Finally, we emphasize the importance of (geopolitics influencing all aspects of the value chain of oil.

  6. [Wildlife Inventory Plan : Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge- Brussels District

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This plan summarizes wildlife inventory procedures on the Brussels District of Mark Twain NWR. Objectives are: 1) to provide guidelines for conducting inventories...

  7. The Status Quo of Chinese Agro-products Logistics and the Establishment of the Third-Party Logistics Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The status quo of Chinese agro-products logistics is analyzed from the following five aspects:the circulation mode,exchange mode,storage and transportation situation,food security.The following problems in Chinese agro-products logistics are pointed out,including excessive circulation sections,bad time efficiency,single payment,slow circulation,backward information processing,obvious bullwhip effect,low logistics efficiency,low logistics technology,inadequate professional equipments,low standardization degree,organized operation mode and low degree of scale.The third-party logistics mode of agro-products is analyzed and the advantages of the mode are analyzed as well.Firstly,establishing information network through integrating circulation section to accelerate the circulation of agro-products;secondly,making the operation norms by providing professional equipments to secure the quality of agricultural products;thirdly,improving the core competitiveness of the whole logistics chain by intensifying specialized work division in each section of the supply chain;fourthly,through forming scale economy to reduce logistics costs and increase the diversity of products;fifthly,through signing contracts to clarify duties and responsibilities and materialize the profit integration of the supply chain.The measures for establishing the third-party logistics of agro-products are put forward,including establish the awareness and concept of socialized logistics services;intensify the support on the third-party logistics enterprises of agro-products;lay stress on the cultivation of logistics talents of agro-products;and vigorously apply the modern marketing means.

  8. Capacity Assessment of the Third Party Logistics Based on AHP%基于层次分析法的第三方物流企业能力评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘卫华

    2011-01-01

    第四方物流是一种整合整个供应链提供综合物流的模式,第三方物流的选择对第四方物流的成功至关重要。利用层次分析法对第三方物流企业的能力进行了深入研究,界定了新的评价指标体系,建立了评价模型。%The 4PL is a model that integrates the whole supply chain and provides integrated logistics. The choice of third-party logistics is vital to the success of the Fourth-party logistics. The Capacity of 3PL supplier is deeply studied by the use of AHP. The new evaluation index system is defined and the model is established.

  9. Study on Logistics Organization of Guangxi Sugar Enterprises Based on Third Party Logistics Ideology%基于第三方物流理念的广西蔗糖企业物流组织建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊凡

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,in view of the construction of the Guangxi sugar enterprises and third party logistics organizations,we discussed from the aspects of basic logistics organization of the Guangxi sugar enterprises,the organizational mechanism of the sugar enterprises and third party logistics,and the strategic selection of logistics organization by the sugar enterprises and uncovered the necessity of the cooperation between the two as well as the effect of the cooperation on the economic development of Guangxi.%以广西蔗糖企业与第三方物流组织建设为目标,对广西蔗糖企业物流组织基础、蔗糖企业与第三方物流组织机制和蔗糖企业物流组织战略选择三个方面进行论述,揭示二者合作的必要性和对广西经济发展的作用.

  10. On the Brand Construction Strategy of the Third Party Logistics Enterprise Based on the Customer Competition%基于客户竞争的第三方物流企业品牌建设策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冬

    2014-01-01

    The satisfaction degree of the logistics customers is the center of the enterprise profit, and trying to build customer competitiveness is indispensable work of the brand construction of each logistics enterprise. Aimed at the status that the third party logistics enterprises don't pay attention to the brand construction, the reality value of the 4C marketing combination on logistics enterprise brand construction should be realized, and the following strategies should be taken: make clear of the brand concept of the enterprise;improve the logistics service quality;maintain the logistics enterprise's brand image, and innovate and develop the brand strategy.%物流客户的满意度是企业利润的中心,倾力打造客户竞争力是每个物流企业品牌建设不可或缺的工作。针对第三方物流企业不重视品牌建设的现状,应发挥4C营销组合对物流企业品牌建设的现实价值,采取以下策略:明确本企业品牌理念;提升物流服务质量;维护物流企业品牌形象,创新发展品牌战略。

  11. Study on the Integrated Supply Chain Management of Agricultural Products Leading by Third-party Logistics%第三方物流主导的农产品集成供应链管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宏祥; 查荣

    2011-01-01

    在分析我国农产品物流模式和存在问题基础上,阐述了实施第三方物流主导的农产品集成供应链管理的动因,建立了供应链模型,提出了相应的发展对策.%Based on the analysis of the logistics modes and problems of agricultural products in China, the motives of the integrated supply chain management of agricultural products leading by third-party logistics was discussed, the supply chain model was established, and some corresponding development countermeasures were put forward.

  12. Observing Third-Party Attentional Relationships Affects Infants' Gaze Following: An Eye-Tracking Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Xianwei; Uto, Yusuke; Hashiya, Kazuhide

    2017-01-01

    Not only responding to direct social actions toward themselves, infants also pay attention to relevant information from third-party interactions. However, it is unclear whether and how infants recognize the structure of these interactions. The current study aimed to investigate how infants' observation of third-party attentional relationships influence their subsequent gaze following. Nine-month-old, 1-year-old, and 1.5-year-old infants (N = 72, 37 girls) observed video clips in which a female actor gazed at one of two toys after she and her partner either silently faced each other (face-to-face condition) or looked in opposite directions (back-to-back condition). An eye tracker was used to record the infants' looking behavior (e.g., looking time, looking frequency). The analyses revealed that younger infants followed the actor's gaze toward the target object in both conditions, but this was not the case for the 1.5-year-old infants in the back-to-back condition. Furthermore, we found that infants' gaze following could be negatively predicted by their expectation of the partner's response to the actor's head turn (i.e., they shift their gaze toward the partner immediately after they realize that the actor's head will turn). These findings suggested that the sensitivity to the difference in knowledge and attentional states in the second year of human life could be extended to third-party interactions, even without any direct involvement in the situation. Additionally, a spontaneous concern with the epistemic gap between self and other, as well as between others, develops by this age. These processes might be considered part of the fundamental basis for human communication.

  13. Third party EPID with IGRT capability retrofitted onto an existing medical linear accelerator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odero, D O; Shimm, D S

    2009-07-01

    Radiation therapy requires precision to avoid unintended irradiation of normal organs. Electronic Portal Imaging Devices (EPIDs), can help with precise patient positioning for accurate treatment. EPIDs are now bundled with new linear accelerators, or they can be purchased from the Linac manufacturer for retrofit. Retrofitting a third party EPID to a linear accelerator can pose challenges. The authors describe a relatively inexpensive third party CCD camera-based EPID manufactured by TheraView (Cablon Medical B.V.), installed onto a Siemens Primus linear accelerator, and integrated with a Lantis record and verify system, an Oldelft simulator with Digital Therapy Imaging (DTI) unit, and a Philips ADAC Pinnacle treatment planning system (TPS). This system integrates well with existing equipment and its software can process DICOM images from other sources. The system provides a complete imaging system that eliminates the need for separate software for portal image viewing, interpretation, analysis, archiving, image guided radiation therapy and other image management applications. It can also be accessed remotely via safe VPN tunnels. TheraView EPID retrofit therefore presents an example of a less expensive alternative to linear accelerator manufacturers' proprietary EPIDs suitable for implementation in third world countries radiation therapy departments which are often faced with limited financial resources.

  14. Self-marketing and self-consumption by third parties according to the EEG. Practical and legal problems of marketing and selling of self-produced solar electricity; Eigenvermarktung und Selbstverbrauch durch Dritte nach EEG. Praktische und rechtliche Fragen der Veraeusserung selbsterzeugten Solarstroms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hahn, Christopher; Naumann, Daniel [Luther Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH, Leipzig (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    According to Section 33 No. 2 p. 1 EEG, reimbursement for photovoltaic power generation must be granted also if a third party consumes the generated power in the immediate vicinity in the plant and is able to prove it. The wording of the law is ambiguous as 'third party' and 'self-consumption' do not immediately specify when a right to reimbursement has arisen and when not. The contribution attempts to help with the solution of these interpretation problems and also throws a light on the rights and obligations of a PV plant owner in general. The high practical relevance of the issue is also reflected in the fact that the legal problems discussed here were implemented, and solved to a large extent, in the amendment of the EEG that came into force on 1 January 2012.

  15. Regulatory Model Construction of Building Safety Based on Third-Party Assessment Mechanism%基于第三方评估机制的建筑物安全监管模式构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亮

    2011-01-01

    There exists deficiency in current building safety supervision mode.Therefore,the third-party assessment institution as a"chain"of building safety management is introduced into,the original divided and intermittent ad-ministration functions can be integrated into an organic network,so the supervision system can evolve into a long-lasting and adaptive management system.This paper mainly researches the construction approach and the operating mechanism of this new regulatory model,clarifies the responsibilities of the parties involved in this model.It is hoped that this model can provide a feasible solution to the public management reform on building safety supervi-sion in China.%现有的建筑物安全监管模式存在若干不足。为此引入第三方评估机构作为建筑安全管理的"链",将分属于各部门的、条块的、间歇式的行政管理职能有机地联接成一个网状的、长效的和自适应的管理系统,从而实现政府行政监督与现场技术监督的分离,有效地利用监管资源。文章探讨了新的监管模式的构建途径、系统运行机制及各相关子系统的职责,期冀该模式能为政府机构改革提供监管模式参考。

  16. On 100%Third-party testing for Hydraulic Engineering Quality of Guangdong%广东水利实行工程质量100%第三方检测模式探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小洁

    2016-01-01

    100%of project quality third-party testing as a new detection mode is embryonic development, and have been carried out in some areas in our country.Disadvantages of self testing by construction unit, and advantages of implementation of 100% third-party testing have been analyzed.According to the theory and practice, to implement 100%of the project quality third-party testing is the inevitable trend of engineering quality testing in Guangdong Province and even the hold country's water conservancy and even other construction industry.%水利工程实行工程质量100%第三方检测作为一种新的检测模式,在部分省份试点开展。该文分析了工程质量施工单位自检的弊端,对推行工程质量100%第三方检测具有的优势进行了探讨,对目前广东省所实施100%第三方检测的情况进行了简要介绍。根据理论分析和实践两个方面,在广东省乃至全国的水利工程全面实行工程质量100%第三方检测是工程质量检测的发展趋势。

  17. 基于跨境供应链整合的第三方物流海外仓建设%Third-party Logistics Construction of Oversea Location based on Cross-border Supply Chain Integration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁旭

    2016-01-01

    Thought the construction subject of oversea locations can be diversified, the strategic value of the third-party logistics’oversea location is increasingly prominent. From the perspective of cross-border supply chain, the service function extension commencing on middle-end warehousing and developing on tail-end distribution will have the qualitative change effect of integration on the whole cross-border supply chain if it continually expands to head-end transportation. However, the cross-border supply chain integration of the third party logistics is easily influenced by forwarder’s thought, expansion competition, oversea cooperation mode and international line’s development so that the inverse trend of integration is also inevitable. Only with the help of normalizing innovations, boosting construction, reducing intervention and adapting to environment, the oversea location ’s construction can develop along the direction of cross-border supply chain integration and thus play its important strategic role in the cross-border e-commerce era.%尽管海外仓的建设主体可以多样化,但是,以第三方物流公司为主体的海外仓建设的战略价值日益凸显。从跨境供应链的角度来看,第三方物流公司开始于中端仓储、发展于尾程配送的服务功能拓展,如果继续向头程运输延伸的话,就能够对整个跨境供应链产生整合质变的效果。然而,第三方物流公司的跨境供应链整合容易受到货代思维、扩张竞争、海外合作方式以及国际专线发展的影响,从而逆整合的发展趋势难以避免。只有规范海外仓创新、助力海外仓建设、减少海外仓干预、适应海外仓环境,第三方物流公司的海外仓建设才能沿着跨境供应链整合的方向发展,从而在跨境电子商务时代发挥其重要的战略作用。

  18. Models for measuring and predicting shareholder value: A study of third party software service providers

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    N Viswanadham; Poornima Luthra

    2005-04-01

    In this study, we use the strategic profit model (SPM) and the economic value-added (EVA to measure shareholder value). SPM measures the return on net worth (RONW) which is defined as the return on assets (ROA) multiplied by the financial leverage. EVA is defined as the firm’s net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT) minus the capital charge. Both, RONW and EVA provide an indication of how much shareholder value a firm creates for its shareholders, year on year. With the increasing focus on creation of shareholder value and core competencies, many companies are outsourcing their information technology (IT) related activities to third party software companies. Indian software companies have become leaders in providing these services. Companies from several other countries are also competing for the top slot. We use the SPM and EVA models to analyse the four listed players of the software industry using the publicly available published data. We compare the financial data obtained from the models, and use peer average data to provide customized recommendations for each company to improve their shareholder value. Assuming that the companies follow these rules, we also predict future RONW and EVA for the companies for the financial year 2005. Finally, we make several recommendations to software providers for effectively competing in the global arena.

  19. Expanded managed care liability: what impact on employer coverage?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Studdert, D M; Sage, W M; Gresenz, C R; Hensler, D R

    1999-01-01

    Policymakers are considering legislative changes that would increase managed care organizations' exposure to civil liability for withholding coverage or failing to deliver needed care. Using a combination of empirical information and theoretical analysis, we assess the likely responses of health plans and Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) plan sponsors to an expansion of liability, and we evaluate the policy impact of those moves. We conclude that the direct costs of liability are uncertain but that the prospect of litigation may have other important effects on coverage decision making, information exchange, risk contracting, and the extent of employers' involvement in health coverage.

  20. Information, the decision forum, and third-party effects in water transfers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunn, Susan Christopher; Ingram, Helen M.

    1988-04-01

    Transfers of water from irrigation to municipal and industrial uses are seen as a low-cost approach to the water supply problems of western cities. Rural areas of origin protest that market transfers ignore indirect economic, political, social, fiscal, and environmental effects of changes in water use. The capacity of five different water transfer institutions: the market, courts, legislature, special purpose districts, and administrative agencies, to develop and weigh information about indirect and nonuser impacts is analyzed and compared. All five forums are found to have biases regarding the type of information used. Markets process information on direct economic costs and benefits well but ignore third-party costs; legislative bodies are sensitive to information about indirect and nonuser impacts but distort information on direct benefits and costs; neither the judiciary nor the water agency is likely to consider community and social impacts of water transfers. Special districts could consider both direct and indirect values but are often controlled by a leadership elite, pursuing narrow goals with minimum membership participation. The appropriate forum for decision making depends upon our priorities among values and on the values that are at stake in particular issues.

  1. Third party losses in a comparative perspective Three short lectures in honour of W.H.V. Rogers

    OpenAIRE

    Dam, C.C. van; Engelhard, Esther; Giesen, Ivo

    2007-01-01

    In honour of Horton Rogers, as the holder of the rotational G.J. Wiarda chair at Utrecht University, a symposium was held on 13 June 2007 concerning the right of third parties to compensation in cases of injury – one of the most provoking themes in tort law and the law of damages. The key question was to what extent relatives and the employer of an injured victim should be compensated for their pecuniary losses and the loss of earnings caused by the primary victim’s injuries. In three contrib...

  2. 78 FR 46177 - Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ... Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric Storage...-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric Storage... services. \\6\\ Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for...

  3. Some considerations on disciplinary liability overlapping criminal liability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ştefania DUMITRACHE

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Among the various forms of legal liability there are many points of contact reflected in their common goal - the encouragement of active members of society. Starting from the statement - the independent nature of the various forms of legal liability does not mean they are excluded - in what follows, given the legal autonomy of spheres of social relations protected by various laws, we will consider disciplinary overlapping with other forms of legal liability - criminal liability. Of course, this is possible only if the act committed by the employee is both disciplinary and criminal. This form of accumulation are possible without violating the principle of non bis in idem that since each of the envisaged legal rules protect different social relations. In addition of this applying the same principle prohibits two or more same kind sanctions for an unlawful action

  4. Environmental liability and life-cycle management of used lubricating oils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerin, Turlough F

    2008-12-30

    Used oil handling, as a business, requires an extensive understanding by management that environmental liabilities exist through its supply chain. Findings from a review of the legal requirements of operating a used oil handling business were: understanding the transfer of ownership of used petroleum hydrocarbons is critical to any such business and how this is documented; used oil handlers are responsible for providing training to their staff, including site personnel and any third party waste contractors, and for communicating best practice procedures relating to the management of used petroleum hydrocarbons to all those individuals and organisations involved in business relationships that the used oil handling companies have; used oil handlers should audit the performance of any third party contractors that it engages to conduct work on behalf of its customers. Hypothetical situations of a company planning to enter the used oil handling market are described in relation to petroleum hydrocarbon wastes it handles to illustrate the range of potential liabilities. Companies proposing to establish a used oil handling business should ensure that they provide accurate advice to its employees, its customer's employees and to its third party contractors, all of which may be responsible for handling used petroleum hydrocarbons as part of the service it intends to provide, and that it has a well documented system addressing how environmental issues are managed.

  5. The Design and Implementation of Third Party Logistics Transportation Management System Based on MVC%基于 MV C模式的第三方物流运输管理系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何建强; 陈严

    2014-01-01

    It is meaningfully to reduce the cost of logistics management for the logistic enterprise in today ’s fierce competi-tion market .In which of the situation ,the combination of modern logistics management techniques and advanced informa-tion technology to lower the cost of logistics management for the logistic enterprise has becoming the focus of academia and industry .On the basis of overseas advanced management method and the design concept on logistics management ,and combined with information system methodology the framework and implementation of the third party logistics transporta-tion management system which based on MVC was presented in this paper .%如何将现代物流管理技术与先进的信息技术相结合降低物流运输成本成为目前学术界和业界关注的焦点。在借鉴国外完善物流管理方法与设计理念的基础上,结合信息系统方法论与先进信息技术,提出基于M VC的第三方物流运输管理系统设计思路与实现方式。

  6. Enactment of third-party punishment by four-year-olds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben eKenward

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available When prompted, preschoolers advocate punishment for moral transgressions against third parties, but little is known about whether and how they might act out such punishment. In this study, adult demonstrators enacted doll stories in which a perpetrator child doll made an unprovoked attack on a victim child doll, after which an adult doll punished either the perpetrator (consistent punishment or victim (inconsistent punishment. When asked to help retell the story, given free choice of their own preferred actions for the adult doll, four-year-olds (N = 32 were influenced by the demonstrated choice of target when selecting a target for punishment or admonishment. This influence was weak following inconsistent punishment, however, because the participants tended to change the story by punishing or admonishing the perpetrator when the demonstrator had punished the victim. Four-year-olds’ tendency to select a moral rule violator as a target for punishment is therefore stronger than their tendency to copy the specific actions of adults, which itself is known to be very strong. The evidence suggests that four-year-olds’ enactment of punishment is at least partially based on a belief that antisocial actions deserve to be punished.

  7. Rolling back third-party intrusions in the practice of medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battistella, R M; Burchfield, D C

    2000-01-01

    Formerly vaunted projections about the triumph of managed care over the provider-controlled health services industry now appear overly optimistic as consumer and provider opposition stiffens. Popular dislike of managed care and purchaser disenchantment over its failure to deliver on promises to control health insurance spending have created a strategic opening for rolling back third-party interference in medical practice. Employer frustration over rising premiums, compounded by workers' antagonism toward benefits restrictions and worry over the loss of government protection against managed care litigation, signals a radical overhaul in the way health insurance is offered. For many employers, substituting defined contribution for defined benefit plans and transferring ownership rights and responsibilities to employees is an attractive solution. Along with the growth of consumer-friendly health plans and a relaxation of onerous managed care practices, physicians can look forward to a restored doctor-patient relationship. This article identifies the forces pushing health care purchasers to adopt defined contribution plans and discusses the implications of such a movement on the physician-patient relationship.

  8. The digital divide among young people in Brussels: Social and cultural influences on ownership and use of digital technologies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mertens, S.; d'Haenens, L.S.J.

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on a survey of youth in Brussels (N = 1,005) and their ownership and use of digital technologies, focusing specifically on the social and cultural diversity within this group. Socio-cultural diversity includes differences regarding ethnicity and gender, language and educational

  9. 基于第三方可信云的安全协同工作方案%A Secure Collaborative Work Scheme on the Basis of the Third Party Credible Cloud

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘定; 陈婷婷

    2014-01-01

    With a variety of private cloud or public cloud universal applications, security issues of cloud computing have become a hot spot. On the basis of other scholars research of cloud security, this paper discusses major security risks in free cloud computing environments nowadays, constructs a secure collaborative work scheme on the basis of the third party credible cloud, and analyzes its detailed structure and principles. The third credible cloud includes three main modules: authentication, key distribution and data transmission, and monitoring management. The scheme conduces to a variety of cloud entities security and is of high feasibility.%随着各种私有云或公有云的普及应用,云计算的安全问题成了热点。在其他学者对于云计算安全研究的基础上,探讨了目前自由云计算环境下的主要安全风险,构建一个基于第三方可信云的安全协调工作方案,并对其结构和原理进行了具体的分析。第三方可信云包括身份认证、密钥发布和数据传输、监控管理三个主要模块,该方案有利于各种云实体安全协同工作且可行性高。

  10. Research on the Transportation Plan of the Third-party Recycling Logistics Enterprises in the Remanufacturing Environment%再制造环境下第三方物流回收企业运输计划的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟映竑; 黄鑫

    2014-01-01

    The rise in reverse logistics promotes the growth of third-party logistics recycling businesses responsible for the collection, storage and transport.Based on the analysis of impact factors on the cost of recycling enterprises, it discussed the alternate running of forward logistics and reverse logistics, and studied the optimization of the problems with transportation and inventory plans of recycling businesses via the employment of the EOQ model.Finally, a numerical example was given to examine the proposed model.%逆向物流的兴起促进了负责收集、储存与运输的第三方物流回收企业的发展。在分析了影响回收企业成本因素的基础上,就正向物流与逆向物流交替运作的情况对其展开了讨论,并利用EOQ模型研究了回收企业的运输、库存计划的优化问题,最后通过算例验证了模型。

  11. 基于AHP-选择第三方逆向物流公司的分析%Decision-making of the third party reverse logistics based on AHP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王龙飞; 刘承焕; 仇梦一

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyses of the necessity of enterprise reverse logistics and the decision factors of the way in which companies have chosen to progress reverse logistics. We use AHP to analyse the weights of the third-party logistics company and the reverse logistic. Then we choose the evaluation model of the third-party reverse logistics activities.%分析了进行企业进行逆向物流的必要性,分析了企业选择何种方式来进行逆向物流活动的决策影响因素,对第三方物流公司对于逆向物流活动影响的权重运用层次分析法进行了单个和复合分析,得出选择第三方进行逆向物流活动的评价模型。

  12. Evaluation of third-party reciprocity by squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) and the question of mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, James R; Bucher, Benoit; Kuroshima, Hika; Fujita, Kazuo

    2016-07-01

    Social evaluation during third-party interactions emerges early in human ontogeny, and it has been shown in adult capuchin monkeys who witness violations of reciprocity in object exchanges: Monkeys were less inclined to accept food from humans who refused to reciprocate with another human. A recent study reporting similar evidence in marmoset monkeys raised the possibility that such evaluations might be based on species' inherent cooperativeness. We tested a species not renowned for cooperativeness-squirrel monkeys-using the procedure used with marmosets and found a similar result. This finding rules out any crucial role for cooperative tendencies in monkeys' responses to unfair exchanges. We then tested squirrel monkeys using procedures more similar to those used in the original study with capuchins. Squirrel monkeys again accepted food less frequently from non-reciprocators, but unlike capuchins, they also strongly preferred reciprocators. We conclude that neither squirrel monkeys nor marmoset monkeys engaged in emotional bookkeeping of the type that probably underlies social evaluation in capuchin monkeys; instead, they employed one or more simple behavioral rules. Further comparative studies are required to clarify the mechanisms underlying social evaluation processes across species.

  13. Neural signatures of third-party punishment: evidence from penetrating traumatic brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, Leila; Moody, Lara; Grafman, Jordan; Krueger, Frank

    2016-02-01

    The ability to survive within a cooperative society depends on impartial third-party punishment (TPP) of social norm violations. Two cognitive mechanisms have been postulated as necessary for the successful completion of TPP: evaluation of legal responsibility and selection of a suitable punishment given the magnitude of the crime. Converging neuroimaging research suggests two supporting domain-general networks; a mentalizing network for evaluation of legal responsibility and a central-executive network for determination of punishment. A whole-brain voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping approach was used in conjunction with a rank-order TPP task to identify brain regions necessary for TPP in a large sample of patients with penetrating traumatic brain injury. Patients who demonstrated atypical TPP had specific lesions in core regions of the mentalizing (dorsomedial prefrontal cortex [PFC], ventromedial PFC) and central-executive (bilateral dorsolateral PFC, right intraparietal sulcus) networks. Altruism and executive functioning (concept formation skills) were significant predictors of TPP: altruism was uniquely associated with TPP in patients with lesions in right dorsolateral PFC and executive functioning was uniquely associated with TPP in individuals with lesions in left PFC. Our findings contribute to the extant literature to support underlying neural networks associated with TPP, with specific brain-behavior causal relationships confirming recent functional neuroimaging research.

  14. Selecting better attributes in third-party hotel reservation Web sites: A comparative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruben Huertas

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Internet has been viewed by many travel organizations as an innovative and competitive marketing tool in offering travel-related information and online transaction opportunities (Doolin et al., 2002. But, Internet also has proportionate opportunities to appear new intermediaries in the new hotel value chain (Connolly et al., 1998. A substantial portion of online room reservations continues to be accounted by the third-party Web sites (Law and Cheung, 2006. Hotels have been actively involved in multi-channel distribution in order to sell products and services more efficiently using a combination of traditional and electronic channels. It is important for organizations to rely on the channels that best match the organizational goals (O’Connor and Frew, 2004.The methodology for the experiment follows Statistical Design of Experiments (SDE. SDE is a statistical technique useful for developing, improving and optimizing processes and also has important applications in research into customer psychology and behaviour (Rosenbaum 1999. However, SDE is not a new tool in marketing; pioneering works such as those by Holland and Cravens (1973, Chevalier (1975 and more recently those of Starkey, Aughton and Brewin (1997, Almquist y Wyner (2001 have used full factorials and fractional factorial designs. In this work we use a fractional factorial design in four four-size blocks design and we have not find any reference that use this kind of design in Marketing.

  15. First- and third-party ground truth for key frame extraction from consumer video clips

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costello, Kathleen; Luo, Jiebo

    2007-02-01

    Extracting key frames (KF) from video is of great interest in many applications, such as video summary, video organization, video compression, and prints from video. KF extraction is not a new problem. However, current literature has been focused mainly on sports or news video. In the consumer video space, the biggest challenges for key frame selection from consumer videos are the unconstrained content and lack of any preimposed structure. In this study, we conduct ground truth collection of key frames from video clips taken by digital cameras (as opposed to camcorders) using both first- and third-party judges. The goals of this study are: (1) to create a reference database of video clips reasonably representative of the consumer video space; (2) to identify associated key frames by which automated algorithms can be compared and judged for effectiveness; and (3) to uncover the criteria used by both first- and thirdparty human judges so these criteria can influence algorithm design. The findings from these ground truths will be discussed.

  16. Paris-Princeton lectures on mathematical finance 2010

    CERN Document Server

    Cousin, Areski; Guéant, Olivier; Hobson, David; Jeanblanc, Monique; Lasry, Jean-Michel; Laurent, Jean-Paul; Lions, Pierre-Louis; Tankov, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The Paris-Princeton Lectures on Mathematical Finance, of which this is the fourth volume, publish cutting-edge research in self-contained, expository articles from outstanding specialists - established or on the rise! The aim is to produce a series of articles that can serve as an introductory reference source for research in the field. The articles are the result of frequent exchanges between the finance and financial mathematics groups in Paris and Princeton. The present volume sets standards with articles by Areski Cousin, Monique Jeanblanc and Jean-Paul Laurent, Stéphane Crépey, Olivier Guéant, Jean-Michel Lasry and Pierre-Louis Lions, David Hobson, and Peter Tankov.

  17. 27 CFR 70.227 - Suspension of running of period of limitation; wrongful seizure of property of third party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Suspension of running of... Limitations § 70.227 Suspension of running of period of limitation; wrongful seizure of property of third party. The running of the period of limitations on collection after assessment prescribed in 26...

  18. Interpersonal relationship and lay third parties' side-taking preference : A cross-cultural study among Chinese and Dutch

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Huadong; Van de Vliert, Evert; Shi, Kan

    2007-01-01

    In two comparative studies, both conducted in China and in the Netherlands, we investigated the effect of an asymmetric relationship on lay third parties' side-taking preference in an interpersonal dispute. The first study shows that a perceived close relationship with one of the disputants motivate

  19. Interpersonal Relationship and Lay Third Parties' Side-Taking Preference : A Cross-Cultural Study Among Chinese and Dutch

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Huadong; Vliert, van de Evert; Shi, Kan

    2007-01-01

    In two comparative studies, both conducted in China and in the Netherlands, we investigated the effect of an asymmetric relationship on lay third parties' side-taking preference in an interpersonal dispute. The first study shows that a perceived close relationship with one of the disputants motivate

  20. Preferences for Third-Party Help in Workplace Conflict: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Chinese and Dutch Employees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giebels, Ellen; Yang, Huadong

    2009-01-01

    This study examines conflict parties’ preferences for different types of third-party help and how this may be influenced by cultural differences in terms of individualism/ collectivism. We focus our analysis on process-related nonsubstantive help and identify three types of thirdparty help in interp

  1. I/You: Reciprocity, Gift-giving, and the Third Party

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel Hénaff

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay first examines the issue of intersubjectivity in terms of the paradigmatic relationship between I and You. From a grammaticalstandpoint this relationship seems asymmetrical as well as necessarilyperformative: I implies the speech act of the speaker. You exists only as I's interlocutor. This helps us understand the very different status of what is called the 3rd person--and which would more accurately be called a nonperson, as Benveniste explains. This nonperson marks the position of a Third Party. I propose to show that the same Third Party--whether a living being or a thing--is also involved in the traditional ceremonial gift-exchange relationship discussed by Marcel Mauss. The relationship between the partners in gift-exchange is mediated by the being or the thing given, which isfor the recipient a token and substitute of the giver. What this involves is the reciprocal public recognition of the partners. In modern societies this function is performed by the law and by the institutions of the arbiter-State as they emerged in the formation of the Greek city.

  2. 呼伦贝尔市发展第三方物流的现状分析%Analysis on Development of the Third Party Logistics in Hulun Buir Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘璇

    2016-01-01

    The paper, combining the development superiority of third party logistics, resources and the market conditions in Hulun Buir region, analyzes the existing problems in the development of third party logistics, and puts forward the corresponding development suggestions.%文章结合呼伦贝尔市第三方物流的发展现状、资源与市场情况,分析第三方物流发展存在的问题,并提出相应的发展建议。

  3. Study on Brokerage Behavior Selection of Third Party in Technology Innovation Network---Based on Structural Balance T heory%技术创新网络第三方经纪行为选择--结构平衡理论视角的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    党兴华; 成泷

    2016-01-01

    Structure balance is the important precondition for stable technology innovation network ,the third party has an important role in driving the inter -organization relationship of from unbalance to balance .this paper based on the struc‐ture balance theory ,used brokerage remuneration ,effects of structural holes and coordination cost to consideration for the otivation of brokerage behavior ,and reflect the coordinated ability hrough the knowledge power ,research for the broker‐age behavior choice of third party in unbalance triad structure .For a third party in different position ,we explore two as‐pects of the brokerage behavior :tertius gaudens and tertius iungens .Our findings show that ,knowledge power has a deci‐sive role for a third party to choice tertius gaudens behavior ,when the third party does not have the knowledge power ,the effects of motivation on behavior choice are more obvious .%结构平衡是维持技术创新网络稳定的重要前提,第三方在组织关系由非平衡转向平衡的动态过程中具有积极推动作用。在结构平衡理论的基础上,从经纪报酬、结构洞效应和协调成本等方面考虑经纪行为选择动机,并通过知识权力反映第三方协调能力,对第三方在非平衡三元结构中的经纪行为选择进行了研究。针对处于不同位置的第三方,其经纪行为主要包括两个方面:分而治之和协同促进。结果表明,知识权力对第三方协同促进经纪行为选择具有决定性作用,当第三方不具备知识权力时,动机对行为选择的影响尤为明显。

  4. Evaluation of the Third-Party Logistics Enterprise' Service Capability Based-on Grey Hierarchy Method%基于灰色层次分析法的第三方物流企业服务能力评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单福彬

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, It works out the index system to evaluate the third-party logistics enterprise' service capability, Base on the status and characteristics of the third-party logistics enterprise. Computing the weights of the indexes based upon AHP. On the basis of the multilevel gray evaluation and AHP, the gray hierarchy evaluation model is set up. Then, the model is used in evaluation on the third-party logistics enterprise' service capability.%立足第三方物流企业服务能力评价的实际需求,制定以物流企业服务特点为根本的服务能力评价指标体系,利用层次法构建评价指标的层次结构,根据实践确定指标权重。将灰色评价和层次分析法相结合,构建灰色层次评价模型,以该模型来科学评价第三方物流企业服务能力。

  5. 浅议国际多式联运中如何更好地分清各方责任%Liability Attribution Among Parties of International Inter-modal Transportation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张珉

    2011-01-01

    对国际多式联运的网状责任制原则与多式联运经营人的赔偿责任限制进行了理论综述,指出网状责任制的最大弊端和实践中国际货运市场供求关系决定责任归属的现状.通过尝试从企业实践中另辟蹊径,提出了货运单据和科技创新设备在划分各关系方责任方面的实际作用.%The paper reviews literatures on the principle of liabilities and liability limitation for inter-modal transport operators in inter-national inter-modal transportation, points out the most serious limitation of the net-structured distribution of liabilities among the concerned parties as well as the fact that, in practice, demand-supply relationship of the international freight forwarding market determines liability attribution. Then, in an effort at innovation, the paper studies enterprise practices, investigating the roles of BOL and high-tech equipment in the determination of liabilities of the various parties in the relationship.

  6. Weekly variation of atmospheric particle micromorphology and chemistry in Brussels urban environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaady, Eli; Carati, D; Brenig, L; Vanderstraeten, P; Lénelle, Y; Meurrens, A; Offer, Z Y

    2010-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to measure the impact of urban activities on airborne particle dynamics during weekend periods in Brussels urban area. Differences in the granulometry and micromorphology between particles sampled on working days and weekends were studied. We quantified the area, size, number, and the chemistry parameters of the airborne particles and compared between Saturday, Sunday, and Monday. We report and analyze data on airborne particles up to PM10, measured in the Brussels region from October 2002 to September 2003. Our investigation reveals detailed information regarding chemical composition of the airborne particles over the weekend period in the Brussels urban area. Furthermore, the majority of the airborne particles in the Brussels region may belong to sources geographically outside the (in situ) Brussels area.

  7. 76 FR 36400 - Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission 18 CFR Chapter I Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and..., irrespective of the technologies used for such provision; and the adequacy of current accounting and reporting... provision; and (2) the adequacy of current accounting and reporting requirements as they pertain to...

  8. Informatics and Decisions support in Galway Bay (SmartBay) using ERDDAP, OGC Technologies and Third Party Data Sources to Provide Services to the Marine Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delaney, Conor; Gaughan, Paul; Smyth, Damian

    2013-04-01

    The global marine sector generates and consumes vast quantities of operational and forecast data on a daily basis. One of the key challenges facing the sector relates to the management and transformation of that data into knowledge. The Irish Marine Institute (MI) generates oceanographic and environmental data on a regular and frequent basis. This data comes from operational ocean models run on the MI's high performance computer (HPC) and various environmental observation sensors systems. Some of the data published by the Marine Institute is brokered by the Environmental Research Division's Data Access Program (ERDDAP) data broker, which is a broker technology that uses technology based on OPeNDAP and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards. The broker provides a consistent web service interface to the data services of the Marine Institute; these services include wave, tide and weather sensors and numerical model output. An ERDDAP server publishes data in a number of standard and developer friendly ways, including some OGC formats. The data on the MI ERDDAP (http://erddap.marine.ie) server is published as OpenData. The marine work package of the FP7 funded ENVIROFI project (http://www.envirofi.eu/) has used the ERDDAP data broker as a core resource in the development of its Marine Asset management decision Support Tool (MAST) portal and phone App. Communication between MAST and ERDDAP is via a Uniform Resource Identifier (Linked Data). A key objective of the MAST prototype is to demonstrate the potential of next-generation dynamic web-based products and services and how they can be harnessed to facilitate growth of both the marine and IT sectors. The use case driving the project is the management of ocean energy assets in the marine environment. In particular the provision of information that aid in the decision making process surrounding maintenance at sea. This question is common to any offshore industry and solution proposed here is applicable to other users

  9. Third-party brachytherapy source calibrations and physicist responsibilities: report of the AAPM Low Energy Brachytherapy Source Calibration Working Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Wayne M; Bice, William S; DeWerd, Larry A; Hevezi, James M; Huq, M Saiful; Ibbott, Geoffrey S; Palta, Jatinder R; Rivard, Mark J; Seuntjens, Jan P; Thomadsen, Bruce R

    2008-09-01

    The AAPM Low Energy Brachytherapy Source Calibration Working Group was formed to investigate and recommend quality control and quality assurance procedures for brachytherapy sources prior to clinical use. Compiling and clarifying recommendations established by previous AAPM Task Groups 40, 56, and 64 were among the working group's charges, which also included the role of third-party handlers to perform loading and assay of sources. This document presents the findings of the working group on the responsibilities of the institutional medical physicist and a clarification of the existing AAPM recommendations in the assay of brachytherapy sources. Responsibility for the performance and attestation of source assays rests with the institutional medical physicist, who must use calibration equipment appropriate for each source type used at the institution. Such equipment and calibration procedures shall ensure secondary traceability to a national standard. For each multi-source implant, 10% of the sources or ten sources, whichever is greater, are to be assayed. Procedures for presterilized source packaging are outlined. The mean source strength of the assayed sources must agree with the manufacturer's stated strength to within 3%, or action must be taken to resolve the difference. Third party assays do not absolve the institutional physicist from the responsibility to perform the institutional measurement and attest to the strength of the implanted sources. The AAPM leaves it to the discretion of the institutional medical physicist whether the manufacturer's or institutional physicist's measured value should be used in performing dosimetry calculations.

  10. Integration between manufacturers and third party logistics providers?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Ole; Lemoine, Olga W.

    2008-01-01

    information and communications technology (ICT) tools are used for support, and what types of services are supplied and are expected to be supplied by TPL providers in the future. Design/methodology/approach - A multiple case study of seven manufacturers and TPL providers is conducted. As the basis...... of the eight business processes studied. Further integration in the same processes is expected, based on ICT tools and with a focus on cost. ICT competences are primarily seen as a qualifier not a differentiator. Because the future TPL industry is expected to be characterised by more standardised services......, more segmented markets for the various services and more intense competition, the manufacturers do not expect increased dependence on the TPL providers. Research limitations/implications - Managerial and behavioural components are not part of this study and their effect on integration will require...

  11. Precarity in the Brussels-Capital Region: The Issues at Stake for Public Policy in Response to the Precarization of Single-parent Families in Brussels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Wagener

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The process of precarization is analysed in different manners in most literature concerning contemporary stakes of western welfare states. In comparison to other countries, Belgium has known a rather specific and delimited effect of the economic crisis from 2008, but certain groups face rather an ongoing effect of precarization on multiple and intertwined aspects. The aim of the article is to analyse the situation of precarity of single-parent families in the Brussels-Capital Region. The attention to that group is related to its higher risk of precarity and poverty. Furthermore it allows analysing the limits of public policies in the fight against poverty and precarity, that are clearly inadequate. Various options in terms of public policies and legal measures in the fight against poverty are discussed from three different angles of perspective: socioeconomic positions, social integration and the subjective experience (Dubet 1994. The tension between recognition and redistribution measures is central (Fraser 2011 in the argumentation for a balanced vision of policy measures to address single-parent poverty. La literatura científica sobre las apuestas contemporáneas de los estados de bienestar occidentales analiza de forma diferente el proceso de precarización. En comparación con otros países, Bélgica ha vivido desde 2008 un efecto de la crisis económica bastante específico y delimitado. Sin embargo, algunos grupos se enfrentan a un proceso de precarización continuo en numerosos aspectos, interrelacionados entre sí. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la situación de precariedad de las familias monoparentales de la región de Bruselas capital. La atención a ese grupo está relacionada con su mayor riesgo de precariedad y pobreza. Además, permite analizar los límites de las políticas públicas en la lucha contra la pobreza y la precariedad, que son claramente insuficientes. Se analizan desde tres puntos de vista diversas

  12. Testing the function of reconciliation and third-party affiliation for aggressors in hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas hamadryas).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Teresa; Colmenares, Fernando; Aureli, Filippo

    2009-01-01

    In social groups, agonistic conflicts can have different negative consequences. Several post-conflict interactions have been suggested as post-conflict management behaviors to mitigate those negative effects. In this study, we investigated the function of two post-conflict behaviors--reconciliation and aggressor-initiated third-party affiliation--on the aggressor's levels of post-conflict anxiety and aggression in a large colony of hamadryas baboons. We also examined variation in the aggressor's levels of post-conflict anxiety as a function of relationship quality between the opponents as predicted by the Integrated Hypothesis. We found that after conflicts hamadryas baboon aggressors showed increased rates of anxiety-related behaviors and that they were also more likely to be involved in renewed aggressive interactions. Although both reconciliation and aggressor-initiated third-party affiliation reduced the probability of receiving post-conflict aggression, only reconciliation reduced the rates of anxiety-related behaviors, suggesting that the aggressors' post-conflict anxiety might be owing mainly to the damage that the conflict causes to their relationship with the victim. Furthermore, aggressor's rates of post-conflict anxiety were higher after conflicts with individuals with whom they had a high-quality relationship, supporting the idea that levels of post-conflict anxiety mediate the occurrence of reconciliation depending on the quality of the relationship with former opponent as predicted by the Integrated Hypothesis.

  13. 26 CFR 301.7602-2 - Third party contacts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... value the taxpayer's condominium calls a real estate agent and asks for a market analysis of the... research service to research the corporate structure of the taxpayer. The revenue agent uses an IRS account... the examination. The searches on the commercial online research service and Internet websites are...

  14. 基于平衡计分卡的第三方支付渠道评价标准研究与设计%Research and design of channel evaluation standard of the Balanced Scorecard Based on third party payment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡嘉荣; 钱正浩; 马旭; 陈非; 邹小武

    2015-01-01

    借鉴平衡计分卡的理念,从服务、效益、安全、潜力四个方面出发,构建了一套基于供电企业、用电客户及第三方支付合作伙伴3个角度的第三方支付渠道的整体评价标准。综合分析某供电企业直属供电局所客观因素与实际需求,针对性的增添现有渠道和新增渠道两子项的第三方支付渠道地域适应性评价标准。%From service,efficiency,safety and potential four aspects,by refering to the balanced scorecard concept,we construct a third-party payment channel evaluation standard,based on the multi-interests among power supply company,eclectricity customers and third-party payment partners.By comprehensive analysis the objective factors and actual demand of power supply bureaus directly under the enterprise,we added"existing channels" and "new channels"two sub-terms into the third-party payment channel evaluation standard for geographic adaptability.

  15. Environmental liability on the risk of hazardous meterials. (2). ; Problems and trends in the international companies, especially with regards to the techniques and law of insurances (from the lst international congress on safety science). Kikenbusshitsu risk ni taisuru kankyo sekinin. (2). ; Kokusai hikaku ni okeru mondaiten to keiko, oyobi koreyori shozuru hoken gijutsu to hokenhojo no mondaiten (daiikkai anzen kogaku kokusai kaigi kara shoyaku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimizu, H. (Yokohama National University, Yokohama (Japan). Faculty of Engineering)

    1991-10-15

    An environmental liability act was promulgated in the European Community where the regulation on air, water, soils and foods, and the liability provisions are increasingly tightened. This paper introduces the Conditions in Germany'' for the circumstances thereabout as seen from the insurance company point of view, using an extract from the presentations at the lst International Safety Engineerings Conference. In Germany, the consciousness to the problem of Altlasten'' (inadequate disposition areas) has been heightened since about 1983. This has made the problems of soil and ground water contamination handled in more advanced ways, whereas the criterion values are not fixed but incessantly revised downwards, causing a situation embarrassing for insurance companies in how to handle liabilities of unspecified number og parties on the pollutions accumulated over many years. The new environmental act is unified under one common concept from the water quality control act to the gene technologies act. For instance in the gene technologies act enforced in July 1990, all the related operations must follow the intentions of the law makers, and are subject to statutory regulations. Liabilities must be fulfilled on any damage that even operators and scientists were not able to be aware of.

  16. Segmentasi Pasar Penyedia Jasa Logistik (Third Party Logistics di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darjat Sudrajat

    2012-10-01

    be found in conformities relating to the logistics industry from several companies, ie appropriateness to the complexity of logistics activities of some companies and degree of investment of TPL services company in conducting the activity. Logistics service provider market segmentation can be based on variable complexity of logistics activities, whether it is high, medium or low and variable degrees of investment in the company whether minor, major, or integrated/total. Companies in different industries can have the same logistic service requirements and companies in the same industry can have different logistic service requirements. Client companies for logistics service providers which product handling are classified as semi-complex is the most attractive customer segments for being penetrated. The industries are classified into this segment is automotive, food and beverage, animal food, ceramic, and plantation.

  17. Collective Recycling Responsibility in Closed-Loop Fashion Supply Chains with a Third Party: Financial Sharing or Physical Sharing?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiajia Nie

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We develop three closed-loop supply chain models where manufacturers can utilize financial or physical support to push a third party to collect the used fashion product for remanufacturing. We first examine two strategies for the collective recycling responsibility (CRR, namely, the financial sharing (FS and the physical sharing (PS, using the model with no CRR as a benchmark. After that, we conduct a detailed comparison among the three models in terms of the retail price, demand, return rate, and the profits received by the supply chain members. With this study, we find the following. (i The FS or PS support offered by the manufacturer to the third party will result in a lower retail price and a higher demand. (ii The optimal return rate with PS scheme is always higher than that without the CRR, and the one with FS scheme is at least as high as that without the CRR. (iii All the members in the closed-loop supply chain can always benefit from the CRR. In addition, (iv which scheme of the FS, PS, or no CRR is the best for the supply chain members will depend heavily on the transfer price of the used product.

  18. 第三方实验室质量管理和质量控制的实践与探索%Third-party Laboratories to Explore Standardized Quality Management and Quality Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨震炯

    2015-01-01

    研究第三方实验室质量管理与质量控制的基本规律和一般方法,分析相关制约因素,总结实践经验,从管理体系建设、文件控制、内部审核、人员培训和监督考核等5个方面探索和完善相关措施,从而实现实验室整体管理水平的科学化和规范化.%Research the basic rules and general methods of third-party laboratory quality management and quality control, analyze related constraints and summarize piratical experiences. Explore and improve the relevant measures from five aspects such as management system construction, document control, internal audit, staff training and supervision assessment, in order to achieve the laboratory's overall management scientific and standardized.

  19. 16 CFR 240.11 - Wholesaler or third party performance of seller's obligations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Wholesaler or third party performance of seller's obligations. 240.11 Section 240.11 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION GUIDES AND TRADE PRACTICE RULES GUIDES FOR ADVERTISING ALLOWANCES AND OTHER MERCHANDISING PAYMENTS AND...

  20. 28 CFR 906.2 - Third party handling of criminal history record information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... COMPACT COUNCIL OUTSOURCING OF NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS § 906.2 Third party handling... reference a security and management control outsourcing standard approved by the Compact Council after consultation with the United States Attorney General. The security and management control outsourcing...

  1. 78 FR 23918 - Request for Information Regarding Third Party Testing for Lead Content, Phthalate Content, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION Request for Information Regarding Third Party Testing for Lead Content, Phthalate Content, and the Solubility of the Eight Elements Listed in ASTM F963-11 Correction In notice document 2013-8858 appearing...

  2. Third-Party Certification of Forest Management In Indonesia: Analysing Stakeholders' Recognition and Preferences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santi Pratiwi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The existence of third-party forest and timber certification schemes in Indonesia has created benefits and challenges, mainly for forest industries. In the end, the interests and objectives of those industries will determine whether they decide to get certified and if so, what certification schemes they will use. This study analyses the stakeholder recognition of the competing forest legality and sustainability certification systems and describes the preferences for particular schemes based on stakeholder interests. Online questionnaires were distributed to relevant stakeholders, namely logging companies, wood processing industries, wood processing associations, auditors, academics, environmental organisations and government officials. The results indicate that there are different scheme preferences based on the stakeholder's interests. Sistem verifikasi legalitas kayu (SVLK is the most frequently preferred scheme due to the simplicity of its requirements and the low cost of its certifying process, while the forest stewardship council (FSC is valued for its reputation and very high standards. Furthermore, lembaga ekolabel Indonesia (LEI was least preferred because of its complexity and because it was unpopular with foreign end buyers, and the programme for the endorsement of forest certification (PEFC was identified as being a complex scheme that was expensive and subject to high standards, and also appeared to have the least demand. Each scheme should be improved based on stakeholders' expectations, that their popularity with end buyers of timber products should be improved, and that this should be done in a way that allows logging and wood processing industries to choose freely the scheme that is most advantageous to them.

  3. 26 CFR 301.6110-4 - Communications from third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., from the Department of Justice with respect to any pending civil or criminal case or investigation, or... agency for assistance involving the expertise of such agency. (c) Action to obtain disclosure of...

  4. Multiparty quantum private comparison with almost dishonest third parties for strangers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Shih-Min; Hwang, Sheng-Liang; Hwang, Tzonelih; Kao, Shih-Hung

    2017-02-01

    This study explores a new security problem existing in various state-of-the-art quantum private comparison (QPC) protocols, where a malicious third-party (TP) announces fake comparison (or intermediate) results. In this case, the participants could eventually be led to a wrong direction and the QPC will become fraudulent. In order to resolve this problem, a new QPC protocol is proposed, where a second TP is introduced to monitor the first one. Once a TP announces a fake comparison (or intermediate) result, participants can detect the fraud immediately. Besides, due to the introduction of the second TP, the proposed protocol allows strangers to compare their secrets privately, whereas the state-of-the-art QPCs require the involved clients to know each other before running the protocol.

  5. Priming Third-Party Ostracism Increases Affiliative Imitation in Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Over, Harriet; Carpenter, Malinda

    2009-01-01

    Human beings are intensely social creatures and, as such, devote significant time and energy to creating and maintaining affiliative bonds with group members. Nevertheless, social relations sometimes collapse and individuals experience exclusion from the group. Fortunately for adults, they are able to use behavioral strategies such as mimicry to…

  6. Cognitive Bargaining Model: An Analysis Tool for Third Party Incentives?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    A. MIXING APPLES AND ORANGES?.........................................................20 B. MODEL CONSTRUCTION...international community for years to come. From the foundational research /writing and comparative politics instruction from Professor Lawson to a...N. Haass and Meghan L. O’Sullivan, Honey and Vinegar (Brookings Institute Press: Washington, D.C., 2000), 162. 7 (economic or strategically) also

  7. 42 CFR 433.138 - Identifying liable third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... relationship to the applicant or recipient, the social security number (SSN) of the policy holder, and the name... Federal agency administering the supplemental security income program under title XVI in accordance with a... must enter into an agreement with CMS or must have, prior to February 1, 1985, executed a...

  8. Third Party Risk Assessment Tool (3PRAT) User Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-26

    2 Lethal Crash Area – LCA Tab...Program includes five modules; Casualty Expectation, Probability of Loss of Aircraft (PLoA), Potential Crash Location, Lethal Crash Area ( LCA ), and...hypothetical UAS example, the fixed wing “Robin” is provided to assist in the comprehension of the LCA portion of the tool. Specifications for the Robin are

  9. The Application used RFID in Third Party Logistics*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mingxiu, Zheng; Chunchang, Fu; Minggen, Yang

    RFID is a non-contact automatic identification technology, which will be the future information storage extraction and processing technology. In recent years the mainstream of the large-scale development has manifested the situation. RFID is the key technology of tripartite logistics information and automation. RFID-based logistics system can enlarge the logistics operation capacity, and improve labor productivity to reduce logistics operations mistakes.

  10. A Positive Analysis for BPR of the Third Party Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Facing the opportunities and challenges of China's en try into WTO, logistics enterprises take BPR as an important way to improve the core competence.But modern logistics is a systematic engineering and its require ments are the standardization and normalization for enhancing the Chinese enterp rises' level of logistic activities.This paper reveal the importance of manageme nt technique,information technique and business model in enterprise's BPR throug h the positive analysis for business process of th...

  11. China's response to climate change issues after Paris Climate Change Conference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun Gao

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The Paris Climate Change Conference was successfully concluded with the Paris Agreement, which is a milestone for the world in collectively combating climate change. By participating in IPCC assessments and conducting national climate change assessments, China has been increasing its understanding of the issue. For the first time, China's top leader attended the Conference of the Parties, which indicates the acknowledgement of the rationality and necessity of climate change response by China at different levels. Moreover, this participation reflects China's commitment to including climate change in its ecology improvement program and pursuing a low-carbon society and economy. In order to ensure the success of the Paris Conference, China has contributed significantly. China's constructive participation in global governance shows that China is a responsible power. These principles such as the creation of a future of win–win cooperation with each country contributing to the best of its ability; a future of the rule of law, fairness, and justice; and a future of inclusiveness, mutual learning, and common development will serve as China's guidelines in its efforts to facilitate the implementation of the Paris Agreement and participate in the design of international systems.

  12. A Review of 1982 Constitution Regulations on Political Parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rıfat KARAKOÇ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Political parties are the vital elements of modern democratic regimes. Today, for a democracy, the existence of more than one political parties and fair and free competition of these parties is a necessity. In Turkey, until 1946, singe party regime has been employed and after this year, Turkey shifted to multi-parties regime, which is required for real democracy. Since 1946, political parties were counted and regulated in 1961 and 1982 constitutions. In this study; the relation between political parties and democracy, the regulations of 1982 constitution on political parties, the amendments in these regulation in time and lastly, the judgments of constitution regarding the closure cases of political parties will be examined.

  13. Strategy for Segmentation of Third Party Logistics Market Based on Customer Demand%基于客户需求的第三方物流市场细分及营销策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阎斌

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we pointed out the problems relating to the position and service content of the third party logistics market of China, then accordingly analyzed the customers and demand of the market, and at the end, proposed the path for the segmentation of the market and the strategy to choose the target market.%指出我国第三方物流市场存在定位模糊、服务内容雷同的问题,针对这一问题对第三方物流市场的客户主体和需求内容进行了细致分析,以此为基础提出了第三方物流市场细分的途径和目标市场选择的策略。

  14. Investigating the neural basis of empathy by EEG hyperscanning during a Third Party Punishment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astolfi, Laura; Toppi, Jlenia; Casper, Chantal; Freitag, Christine; Mattia, Donatella; Babiloni, Fabio; Ciaramidaro, Angela; Siniatchkin, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The recently developed technique of hyperscanning consists of the simultaneous recording of brain activity from multiple subjects involved in social interaction. The multivariate analysis of data coming from different subjects allows to model a system made of multiple brains interacting, and to characterize it in relation with different processes at the basis of social cognition. In this study, we investigate the empathy established between two subjects during a Third Party Punishment paradigm, in terms of the properties of the multiple-brain network obtained from EEG hyperscanning. Preliminary results show that significantly different multiple-brain network structures characterize a social situation operated by a human agent with respect to a computer based condition, and that the different levels of empathy induced by a fair or unfair treatment received by one of the subjects are characterized by denser inter-subjects connectivity and lower divisibility in the two single brain networks.

  15. Evaluation of the third-party mediation mechanism for medical disputes in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Min

    2011-09-01

    Medical disputes have been increasing in recent years in China, which cause growing tension between doctors and patients. In many locations, it has started as a practice of exploring diversified dispute settlement methods. Great importance has been attached to the non-lawsuit model through third-party mediation, which might have been led by professional organizations, insurance companies, People's Mediation Committees, or three-level governmental authorities. Those have contributed to a rapid effective resolution of medical disputes. However, there are some deficiencies that need to be addressed and fixed up, thus calling for improvement, such as the lack of a sustainable supporting mechanism, unclear legal status of the mediation institutions and mediation agreements, patching up a quarrel by only compensation.

  16. Personal protection: vicarious liability as applied to the various business structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winrow, Brian; Winrow, Amanda R

    2008-01-01

    Within the field of midwifery, the issue of vicarious liability has become an emerging issue. The doctrine of respondeat superior imputes liability to an employer without direct negligence. While the issue of vicarious liability has been explored in the past, those studies were focused on the vicarious liability of certified nurse-midwives/certified midwives (CNMs/CMs) for the negligence of their employees. This article explores the issue of vicarious liability under the doctrine of respondeat superior as applied within a practice consisting of two or more co-owners. This issue is of heightened importance, because CNMs/CMs increasingly enter into ventures with other CNMs/CMs in order to pool their resources. Many CNMs/CMs unsuspectingly assume the risks for the malpractice of their colleagues. This increased risk can be minimized by forming their practice as a limited liability entity, thus avoiding personal liability for the malpractice of their co-owner(s).

  17. 48 CFR 552.270-3 - Parties To Execute Lease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Parties To Execute Lease... Parties To Execute Lease. As prescribed in 570.602, insert the following provision: Parties To Execute Lease (SEP 1999) (a) If the lease is executed by an attorney, agent, or trustee on behalf of the...

  18. Research on Third-Party Collecting Game Model with Competition in Closed-Loop Supply Chain Based on Complex Systems Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junhai Ma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper studied system dynamics characteristics of closed-loop supply chain using repeated game theory and complex system theory. It established decentralized decision-making game model and centralized decision-making game model and then established and analyzed the corresponding continuity system. Drew the region local stability of Nash equilibrium and Stackelberg equilibrium, and a series of chaotic system characteristics, have an detail analysis of the Lyapunov index which is under the condition of different parameter combination. According to the limited rational expectations theory, it established repeated game model based on collection price and marginal profits. Further, this paper analyzed the influence of the parameters by numerical simulations and concluded three conclusions. First, when the collection price is to a critical value, the system will be into chaos state. Second, when the sale price of remanufacturing products is more than a critical value, the system will be in chaos state. Last, the initial value of the collection price is sensitive, small changes may cause fluctuations of market price. These conclusions guide enterprises in making the best decisions in each phase to achieve maximize profits.

  19. ConvAn: a convergence analyzing tool for optimization of biochemical networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostromins, Andrejs; Mozga, Ivars; Stalidzans, Egils

    2012-01-01

    Dynamic models of biochemical networks usually are described as a system of nonlinear differential equations. In case of optimization of models for purpose of parameter estimation or design of new properties mainly numerical methods are used. That causes problems of optimization predictability as most of numerical optimization methods have stochastic properties and the convergence of the objective function to the global optimum is hardly predictable. Determination of suitable optimization method and necessary duration of optimization becomes critical in case of evaluation of high number of combinations of adjustable parameters or in case of large dynamic models. This task is complex due to variety of optimization methods, software tools and nonlinearity features of models in different parameter spaces. A software tool ConvAn is developed to analyze statistical properties of convergence dynamics for optimization runs with particular optimization method, model, software tool, set of optimization method parameters and number of adjustable parameters of the model. The convergence curves can be normalized automatically to enable comparison of different methods and models in the same scale. By the help of the biochemistry adapted graphical user interface of ConvAn it is possible to compare different optimization methods in terms of ability to find the global optima or values close to that as well as the necessary computational time to reach them. It is possible to estimate the optimization performance for different number of adjustable parameters. The functionality of ConvAn enables statistical assessment of necessary optimization time depending on the necessary optimization accuracy. Optimization methods, which are not suitable for a particular optimization task, can be rejected if they have poor repeatability or convergence properties. The software ConvAn is freely available on www.biosystems.lv/convan.

  20. A Practical Guide to Preventing and Dispersing Underage Drinking Parties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This guide describes the role of enforcement and community organizations or groups in preventing underage drinking parties and how to safely disperse them. It describes the problem of underage drinking, in general, and youth-drinking parties in particular. It provides step-by-step information on how to address underage drinking parties and how to…

  1. 基于信任列表的可信第三方跨域认证模型%A Trusted Third Party Inter-Domain Authentication Model Based on Trust Lists

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜海龙; 喻建平; 胡强; 冯纪强

    2012-01-01

    目前国内已有31家获得电子认证服务许可的第三方认证机构(certification authority,CA),跨CA的信任和验证日益迫切.针对该问题,提出了一种基于信任列表的可信第三方跨域认证模型.该模型依托公钥基础设施(public key infrastructure,PKI)所提供的数字证书等安全服务,通过引入新的信任机制更好地管理和控制了可信根证书列表,既避免了传统信任列表模型的诸多缺点,又能够有效实现多CA互信互认.为支持这一跨信任域模型的实际运行,设计了相应的工作流程和多CA认证方案,并开发了多CA应用支撑模块,以及就其中的关键技术问题进行了详细论述.分析表明,该模型能够让应用系统灵活地动态兼容不同CA所颁发的数字证书,且在认证效率、安全性、实用性以及应用改造等方面均具有明显优势.%At present, there are thirty-one third-party certification authorities ( CAs) obtaining a license of electronic certification services in China. The trust and verification schemes among CAs are becoming an increasingly urgent problem. In view of this problem, a trusted third party inter-domain authentication model based on trust lists is proposed in this paper. To overcome the shortcomings of traditional trust lists model, the proposed model utilizes digital certificate and other security services provided by public key infrastructure. It is better to manage and control the trusted root certificate lists by using a new trust mechanism. Furthermore, the proposed model can effectively realize multi-CA mutual trust and mutual recognition. For the practical running of the new model, we design its work-flow, multi-CA authentication scheme and multi-CA application supporting system. In addition, some key technology problems are discussed in detail. Analysis shows that the proposed model can facilitate application systems' dynamic compatibility to the digital certificates issued by different

  2. The application of strict criminal liabilities to spillage of oil: the practical impact on effective spill response

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallagher, J.J. [Gallagher Marine Systems Inc., Alexandria, VA (United States)

    2002-06-01

    The Federal Water Pollution Control Act as amended by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 provides criminal penalties in oil spills that result from criminal activity, gross negligence or wilful misconduct on the part of the spiller. Nevertheless, the Department of Justice has seen fit to reach into unrelated legislation to potentially apply strict criminal liability to any oil spill regardless of intent. Strict criminalization of accidental oil spills is demonstrably counterproductive to effective protection of the environment from the effect of spills since it poses a serious impediment to cooperation and coordination by and between those charged by law to respond to them. This impediment is particularly dangerous since it threatens the proper functioning of the inherently sensitive ''troika'' Unified Command Structure that has evolved in spill response management in response to OPA-90 management requirements. Introduction of strict criminal liability for accidental spills is also particularly troublesome in that it must enlist unrelated law to influence an area that has been addressed specifically by legislation designed for that purpose; legislation that has worked well in the past 30 years to both regulate the target activities while successfully achieving the objective of protecting and improving environment quality. (author)

  3. From Gaillon to Sanchi, from Vézelay to Angkor Wat. The Musée Indo-Chinois in Paris: A Transcultural Perspective on Architectural Museums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Falser, Michael

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Besides the commodification of original artefacts from the Orient as museum objects of Occidental curiosity, the transfer and display of Asian monumental architecture was a powerful means to appropriate the built cultural heritage of the colonies for the European métropole. Addressing a scientific desideratum in architectural and museum research until today, this paper investigates the medium of plaster casts as an early colonial strategy of the transfer and substitution of Oriental architecture for newly invented museum spaces in Europe. With the focus of the largely forgotten musée Indo-chinois in the Paris(c. 1880-1930 and the architectural plaster casts of the Cambodian temples of Angkor, this contribution develops a transcultural perspective1on (pre-colonial architectural museum spaces of the 19thcentury which covers the scene in Paris from 1800 onwards with the protagonists Alexandre Lenoir (after 1800 and Eugène Viollet-le-Duc (before 1880 as well as the concurring museum projects in London with the South Kensington Museum (after 1870 in the first place.

  4. 34 CFR 682.416 - Requirements for third-party servicers and lenders contracting with third-party servicers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... judicially determined to have committed fraud or any other material violation of law involving such funds... audits issued by the United States General Accounting Office's (GAO's) Standards for Audit...

  5. On the Civil Liability of Defective Financial Contribution Shareholders from the Perspective of the Third Judicial Interpretation of Law of Corporation%瑕疵出资股东的民事责任探讨——以《公司法》司法解释(三)为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳叶

    2012-01-01

    司法实践表明,因股东瑕疵出资引发的纠纷占公司诉讼案件相当大的比例。而我国《公司法》对瑕疵出资股东的民事责任的规定过于简单和粗糙,今年新颁布的《公司法》司法解释(三)在此问题上有了很多的进步,但仍有一些理论依据的缺乏和制度安排的不足。本文以该解释(三)为视角,从理论上对瑕疵出资股东应承担的民事责任的性质和形态及相关重要的特别事项作了展开式的分析和探讨,以求实现理论上的圆满并提供对实践上的帮助,促进立法对股东瑕疵出资的民事责任体系的进一步完善。%Judicial practice reveals that disputes arise from defective financial contribution of shareholders ac- count for a large proportion in lawsuits among corporations. The civil liabilities of the defective shareholders, however, are not precise and specific enough in the Law of Corporation in China. The newly enacted "the Third Judicial Interpretation of Law of Corporation" has been improved a lot, but the lack of theoretical basis and insti- tutional arrangements still exist. This paper probes into the problem from the perspective of "the Third Judicial Interpretation of Law of Corporation" and tries to provide a theoretical analysis on the character, form and rele- vant important points of the civil liability of defective financial contribution shareholders in order to achieve an ideal theoretical frame and provide help in practice and perfect the civil liability system of defective shareholders in legislation.

  6. 5th Paris-Princeton Lectures on Mathematical Finance

    CERN Document Server

    Benth, Fred Espen; Guasoni, Paolo; Manolarakis, Konstantinos; Muhle-Karbe, Johannes; Nee, Colm; Protter, Philip

    2013-01-01

    The current volume presents four chapters touching on some of the most important and modern areas of research in Mathematical Finance: asset price bubbles (by Philip Protter); energy markets (by Fred Espen Benth); investment under transaction costs (by Paolo Guasoni and Johannes Muhle-Karbe); and numerical methods for solving stochastic equations (by Dan Crisan, K. Manolarakis and C. Nee).The Paris-Princeton Lecture Notes on Mathematical Finance, of which this is the fifth volume, publish cutting-edge research in self-contained, expository articles from renowned specialists. The aim is to produce a series of articles that can serve as an introductory reference source for research in the field.

  7. 第三方物流管理信息系统的分析与设计%Analysis and Design of Third Party Logistics Management Information System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁德波

    2014-01-01

    The logistics management information system plays an important role in the third party logistics enterprise ,can be called the central nervous the construction of modern logistics .This article mainly carries on the analysis to the third party logistics management information system ,and puts forward some suggestions on the design .%物流管理信息系统在第三方物流企业中具有重要意义,可以称得上是其构建现代物流的中枢神经。文中主要对第三方物流管理信息系统进行分析,对其设计提出部分建议。

  8. 基于第三方物流实施的延迟制造%Delay the implementation of third-party logistics based manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊恒庆; 连兆大

    2011-01-01

    The third-party logistics enterprises for the manufacture of very little delay.This paper describes four third-party logistics providers,manufacturing services and the delay in third-party logistics services to customers and create value.Analysis of third-party logistics organization method-platform approach,namely the resource sharing method.While the third-party logistics to carry out manufacturing operations in the delay made strategic recommendations,so as to carry out third-party logistics business provides a guide to manufacturing delays.%目前针对由第三方物流企业实施的延迟制造研究很少。本文阐述了第三方物流提供的四种延迟制造服务以及该服务给第三方物流客户创造的价值。分析了第三方物流的组织方法——平台方法,也即资源共享方法。同时对第三方物流开展延迟制造业务提出了战略性建议,从而为第三方物流开展延迟制造业务提供了指南。

  9. 26 CFR 301.7609-2 - Notification of persons identified in third-party summonses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... explanation of the right to bring a proceeding to quash the summons. The copy of the summons accompanying the... potential, unassessed liability under section 6672. (5) Summonses issued by a criminal investigator. The IRS is not required to provide notice in the case of a summons issued by a criminal investigator to...

  10. Financing, Overhead, and Profit: An In-Depth Discussion of Costs Associated with Third-Party Financing of Residential and Commercial Photovoltaic Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feldman, D.; Friedman, B.; Margolis, R.

    2013-10-01

    Previous work quantifying the non-hardware balance-of-system costs -- or soft costs -- associated with building a residential or commercial photovoltaic (PV) system has left a significant portion unsegmented in an 'other soft costs' category. This report attempts to better quantify the 'other soft costs' by focusing on the financing, overhead, and profit of residential and commercial PV installations for a specific business model. This report presents results from a bottom-up data-collection and analysis of the upfront costs associated with developing, constructing, and arranging third-party-financed residential and commercial PV systems. It quantifies the indirect corporate costs required to install distributed PV systems as well as the transactional costs associated with arranging third-party financing.

  11. Divorce and Childhood Chronic Illness: A Grounded Theory of Trust, Gender, and Third-Party Care Providers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Luke T; Coleman, Marilyn; Ganong, Lawrence H; Gayer, Debra

    2016-05-01

    Divorced parents face distinct challenges in providing care for chronically ill children. Children's residence in two households necessitates the development of family-specific strategies to ensure coparents' supervision of regimen adherence and the management of children's health care. Utilizing a risk and resilience perspective, a grounded theory study was conducted with 14 divorced parents of children with chronic illnesses. The importance of trust, gender, and relationships with third-party care providers emerged as key themes related to the development of effective coparenting relationships for maintaining children's health. Divorced parents were best able to support the management of their children's chronic conditions when care providers operated as neutral third parties and intermediaries. Collaborative family care may require health care practitioners to avoid being drawn into contentious inter-parental conflicts.

  12. Legal Analysis of Third Party Logistics Contract%第三方物流合同的法律分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘岩松

    2012-01-01

    阐述了第三方物流合同的概念、特征及主要内容,分析其法律性质,在介绍与第三方物流合同相关的法律关系基础上,从合同的法律适用、归责原则、法律风险及规避等方面分析第三方物流合同.%In this paper, we introduced the concept, characterization and main content of third party logistics contract, analyzed its legal nature, and on the basis of an exposition of the legal relationship in third party logistics contracts, studied the legal applicability, accountability principle, legal risks and their aversion of the contracts.

  13. Judicial considerations with regard to civil liability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pittelli, S D; Muñoz, D R

    2007-03-01

    This paper addresses the relationship between the doctrinaire position of a judge in terms of the civil liability objective and subjective theories and the results of their decisions in terms of "acquittal/against judgments". A system of classification of matter of fact results is proposed and the influence on the result of the decision of each category is also tested. The material consists of 71 records of judicial procedures from São Paulo State Court of Justice.

  14. Europol’s Cybercrime Centre (EC3), its Agreements with Third Parties and the Growing Role of Law Enforcement on the European Security Scene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vendius, Trine Thygesen

    2015-01-01

    The European Cyber Crime Centre, EC3, established under the umbrella of Europol, started operations on January 1 2013. It is to act as the focal point in the fight against cybercrime in the European Union. Using a “shared, cross-community approach” the EC3 is concluding partnerships with member...... states, European agencies, international partners and the private sector. This article describes the coming about of EC3 and its efforts to address cybercrime. Furthermore, the article is an attempt to assess the growing role of the European law enforcement community on the European security scene...

  15. Genetic liability to disability pension in women and men: a prospective population-based twin study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jurgita Narusyte

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Previous studies of risk factors for disability pension (DP have mainly focused on psychosocial, or environmental, factors, while the relative importance of genetic effects has been less studied. Sex differences in biological mechanisms have not been investigated at all. METHODS: The study sample included 46,454 Swedish twins, consisting of 23,227 complete twin pairs, born 1928-1958, who were followed during 1993-2008. Data on DP, including diagnoses, were obtained from the National Social Insurance Agency. Within-pair similarity in liability to DP was assessed by calculating intraclass correlations. Genetic and environmental influences on liability to DP were estimated by applying discrete-time frailty modeling. RESULTS: During follow-up, 7,669 individuals were granted DP (18.8% women and 14.1% men. Intraclass correlations were generally higher in MZ pairs than DZ pairs, while DZ same-sexed pairs were more similar than opposite-sexed pairs. The best-fitting model indicated that genetic factors contributed 49% (95% CI: 39-59 to the variance in DP due to mental diagnoses, 35% (95% CI: 29-41 due to musculoskeletal diagnoses, and 27% (95% CI: 20-33 due to all other diagnoses. In both sexes, genetic effects common to all ages explained one-third, whereas age-specific factors almost two-thirds, of the total variance in liability to DP irrespective of diagnosis. Sex differences in liability to DP were indicated, in that partly different sets of genes were found to operate in women and men, even though the magnitude of genetic variance explained was equal for both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the study suggest that genetic effects are important for liability to DP due to different diagnoses. Moreover, genetic contributions to liability to DP tend to differ between women and men, even though the overall relative contribution of genetic influences does not differ by sex. Hence, the pathways leading to DP might differ between women and

  16. Europol’s Cybercrime Centre (EC3), its Agreements with Third Parties and the Growing Role of Law Enforcement on the European Security Scene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vendius, Trine Thygesen

    2015-01-01

    The European Cyber Crime Centre, EC3, established under the umbrella of Europol, started operations on January 1 2013. It is to act as the focal point in the fight against cybercrime in the European Union. Using a “shared, cross-community approach” the EC3 is concluding partnerships with member s......, this not least in view of the EC3’s mandate to conclude strategic agreements with a fairly high degree of autonomy....

  17. The Brussels Declaration: the need for change in asthma management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holgate, S.; Bisgaard, H.; Bjermer, L.

    2008-01-01

    Asthma is a highly prevalent condition across Europe and numerous guidelines have been developed to optimise management. However, asthma can be neither cured nor prevented, treatment choices are limited and many patients have poorly controlled or uncontrolled asthma. The Brussels Declaration on A...... reviews the evidence supporting the need for change in asthma management and summarises the ten key points contained in the Brussels Declaration Udgivelsesdato: 2008/12......Asthma is a highly prevalent condition across Europe and numerous guidelines have been developed to optimise management. However, asthma can be neither cured nor prevented, treatment choices are limited and many patients have poorly controlled or uncontrolled asthma. The Brussels Declaration...... on Asthma, sponsored by The Asthma, Allergy and Inflammation Research Charity, was developed to call attention to the shortfalls in asthma management and to urge European policy makers to recognise that asthma is a public health problem that should be a political priority. The Declaration urges recognition...

  18. What would it take to achieve the Paris temperature targets?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanderson, Benjamin M.; O'Neill, Brian C.; Tebaldi, Claudia

    2016-07-01

    The 2015 Paris Agreement aims to limit warming to 2 or 1.5°C above preindustrial level, although combined Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) are likely insufficient to achieve these targets. We propose a set of idealized emission pathways consistent with the targets. If countries reduce emissions in line with their INDCs, the 2°C threshold could be avoided only if net zero greenhouse gas emissions (GHGEs) are achieved by 2085 and late century negative emissions are considerably in excess of those assumed in Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 2.6 (net -5 Gt CO2/yr, compared with -1.5 Gt CO2/yr in RCP2.6). More aggressive near-term reductions would allow 2°C to be avoided with less end-of-century carbon removal capacity. A 10% cut in GHGEs by 2030 (relative to 2015) could likely achieve 2°C with RCP2.6 level negative emissions. The 1.5°C target requires GHGEs to be reduced by almost a third by 2030 and net zero by 2050, while a 50 year overshoot of 1.5°C allows net zero GHGEs by 2060.

  19. Third party logistics service quality and its impact on customer satisfaction of C2C%3PL服务质量与C2C顾客满意度的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶作亮; 蔡丽; 叶振华; 代丽

    2011-01-01

    物流业务外包后,第三方物流(3PL)公司代替企业与顾客互动,这在电子商务中尤为明显,因此第三方物流公司的服务质量是否影响顾客满意度成为一个重要问题。在C2C网络购物环境中,基于物流服务质量模型,建立了第三方物流服务质量与顾客满意度的测评模型(LSQ—CS)。对LSQ—CS模型的实证研究表明:物流交互和运作质量均影响顾客对第三方物流服务商的满意度;成本质量并不影响顾客对第三方物流服务商的满意度;物流交互质量对运作和成本质量产生影响;此外,第三方物流服务质量也影响着顾客对企业的满意度。这一研究结论表明当前物流%Third Party Logistics(3PL) tends to interact with the customers on behalf of the manufacture companies, when the logistics is outsourced, especially in the market of electronic commerce. Therefore how the service quality of 3PL affects the customer satisfaction becomes a key issue. Based on the logistics - service - quality model, a Logistics - Service - Quality and Customer- Satisfaction( L,SQ- CS) model is built. The empirical analysis shows that the interactive quality and operation quality both affect the customer satisfaction of logistics service provider, furthermore the interactive quality affects the operation quality and cost quality. But the cost quality does not affect the customer satisfaction. And the service quality of 3PL does affect the customer satisfaction of companies. These research findings could contribute to 3PL provider for avoiding the vicious competition from low cost and company should select 3PL provider based on logistics - service - quality instead of only on cost.

  20. Coordination mechanism of dual-channel closed-loop supply chain based on third-party collection%基于第三方回收的双渠道闭环供应链协调机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许茂增; 唐飞

    2013-01-01

    针对双渠道闭环供应链的协调问题,基于博弈理论构建了制造商进行网上直销、零售商进行传统零售、第三方负责废旧产品回收的双渠道闭环供应链决策模型.分析和比较了集中决策与分散决策对供应链成员最优定价策略和利润的影响,发现分散决策会导致整个双渠道闭环供应链的效率损失.为弥补这种效率损失,以集中决策的最优结果为基准,设计了一个利润共享—费用分担契约来实现双渠道闭环供应链的协调.算例分析表明,所设计的利润共享一费用分担契约能够有效协调双渠道闭环供应链.%Aiming at the coordination problem of dual-channel closed-loop supply chain,a dual-channd closed-loop supply chain decision model with a manufacturer,a retailer and a third-party was established based on game theory.The influence of centralized decision-making and decentralized decision-making on optimal pricing strategy and optimal supply chain members' profit was analyzed,and the efficeney loss of dual-channel closed-loop supply chain was leaded by decentralized decision-making.To make up for such efficiency loss,a profit and expense sharing contract was designed to realize the coordination of dual-channel closed-loop supply chain based on the optimal result of centralized decision-making.The effectiveness of the profit and expense sharing contract was verified through a numerical example.

  1. Third-party Political and Industrial Conduct Appraisal Mode Based on Information Base%基于信息库的第三方政风行风测评模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘东

    2014-01-01

    By directing at the characteristics of numerous and scattered appraisal units and service objects in political and industrial conduct appraisal, an appraisal mode based on the service object information base is designed, so as to realize democratic appraisal and efficient appraisal. Such mode will extract unit appraisal sub-lists from service object information base for different appraisal units in a certain amount and industry proportion according to industries involved with items requiring administrative approval and service objects. Under the supervision of appraisal units and State Council Office for Rectifying, the third-party platform will call 10,000 service objects on the spot and record the appraisal results immediately, which can reflect situations of units to be appraised democratically, fairly and justly. This has solved problems of low mass participation enthusiasm, unfair appraisal results, and time and energy consumption in traditional political and industrial conduct appraisal.%针对政风行风测评中测评单位与服务对象众多且分散的特点,为实现民主测评、高效测评,设计以服务对象信息库为基础,对不同的测评单位根据单位行政审批项目及服务对象所涉及的行业,按一定数量和行业比例从服务对象信息库中抽取单位测评子表,在测评单位和纠风办的监督下,由第三方平台现场通过10000号外呼服务对象,并现场记录测评结果,民主、公平、公正的反应被测评单位情况。解决了传统政风行风测评中群众参与积极性不高、测评结果水分多、且费时费力的问题。

  2. Civil Liability for Failing to Report Child Abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehto, Neil J.

    1977-01-01

    The article examines the Landeros decision (which ruled that a doctor who fails to report a child abuse victim can be held liable for subsequent injuries inflicted on the child) and discusses three theories of proving civil liability for the failure to report child abuse victims. Addressed are the following topics: the problem of child abuse and…

  3. On the Foundations of Natural Law of Liability Fixation upon Tort Liability and Default Liability%侵权责任与违约责任归责原则之自然法基础

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宏武

    2012-01-01

    归责原则是民事责任的核心理论,民事责任的类型包括侵权责任和违约责任,就这两种责任的归责原则,在我国民法学界长期争论不休,没有定论,各种学派各持己见。文章以自然法思想为理论基础,探究我国《侵权责任法》与《合同法》关于侵权责任和违约责任归责原则的选择依据,得出的结论是:对于侵权责任而言,其归责原则是以过错责任为原则,以无过错责任为例外;对于违约责任而言,其归责原则是以无过错责任为原则,以过错责任为例外。%Liability fixation is the core theory of civil liability containing tort liability and default liability, the liability fixation upon which gives rise to long-term polemic in the civil law circle of China. On the theoretical basis of natural law thought, this paper explores the reasons of liability fixation upon tort liability and default liability in Tort Liability Law and Contract Law. The findings are as follows: as to tort liability, the principle of liability fixation is fault liability and faultless fixation is exception while, in terms of default, it is the opposite.

  4. On a Fast p-ary m-Sequence Transform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐小虎; 范平志

    2004-01-01

    m-Sequences have been used widely in many applications, but the corresponding computation of the correlation-detection is overwhelming N2 operations, where N is the length of the m-sequence, such that it is unpractical. In this paper, a transform from p-ary m-sequence matrices to generalized Hadamard matrices is developed; and then by the fast generalized Hadamard matrices transform, a fast p-ary m-sequence transform is developed. The results show that the computation can be dramatically reduced from N2 to NlogpN operations, so the fast p-ary m-sequence transform could enable a rapid correlation-detection at the receiver.

  5. International arbitration and its exclusion from the Brussels regime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamed Alavi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Brussels regime, which regulates the matters of transnational litigation excludes arbitration from its scope. Upon formation of the Brussels regime the existing instruments concerning arbitration - the United Nations Convention on Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards and the 1961 European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration - were believed to be sufficient. The original Brussels Convention 1968 on recognition and enforcement of judgments delivered in the courts of the EU Member States expressly provided for the exclusion of arbitration. The following Brussels I Regulation followed the trend and reinforced the exclusion of arbitration from their material scopes. The rationale for doing so was primarily the prevention of parallel proceedings and irreconcilable judgments. The arbitration exclusion from the Brussels regime has caused a fair amount of confusion, especially regarding the extent and limits of the exclusion. That is, whether the arbitration agreement, the arbitral award and its consequences are covered by the exclusion or they may fall under the scope of the Brussels regulation if they constitute only an incidental question to the main cause of action? The confusion was illustrated in the ECJ judgment West Tankers, which generated negative feedback from the arbitration community and indicated the need for reform. The recently adopted Recast Regulation took it upon itself to clarify the relationship between arbitration and the EU regime of transnational litigation. The exclusion is reinforced ye again and its boundaries are specified in the Preamble. However, whether or not the concerns about the extent and objectives of arbitration exclusion have been at present eliminated, remains to be seen.

  6. Geological rally in the heart of Paris: How to find fossils in freestone buildings in Paris?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalaine, Stéphanie

    2014-05-01

    As a teacher in earth sciences, my challenge was to practise geology in an urban area. At the end of the school year, I organized a geological rally next to the Natural History Museum in the heart of Paris. The rally provided the opportunity to apply geological notions mentioned in class, and or a day out to my 16 years-old pupils. Just before this original session, students worked on different sedimentary stones such as limestone, sandstone, gypsum, and "meulière". They studied the conditions for the deposit of sediments and they identified different fossils (i.e: Cerithes, Nummulites, Milioles) in order to build "paleobackgrounds". This rally was a mean to improve with entertainment their knowledge in geology, and to discover the stones of the Parisian basin and their use as building materials. The rally was organized as follows: the pupils were divided into 4 teams of 8 students. Each team got a paper with 23 riddles. Each riddle led to a geological spot in the route of the rally. To attest their passing at each geological point the pupils had to take a picture of the characteristic fossil or the typical mark of each spot. Each team had a different itinerary to avoid pupils to meet during the rally. In order to motivate pupils and to ensure their safety, one teacher went with each team. Each riddle led to a stage. This rally comprised 23 steps which were geological spots. In case of pupils did not solve the enigma of one stage; they could open an envelope in which a map indicated the 23 geological spots. This rally lasted 2 hours. The purpose of this game was to obtain the most points thanks to the resolution of riddles. Timing and the quality of the pictures were also criterions used to evaluate the participants. At the end of this rally, pupils must be able to identify sedimentary stones, the conditions and the age of deposit of this stones (paleobackgrounds), the location of their extractions (carries), the interest of this stones in construction industry

  7. 安徽省第三方物流企业核心竞争力研究%The Third Party Logistics Enterprise in Anhui Province Core Competitive Power Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘璇

    2011-01-01

    分析安徽省第三方物流企业的现状,从核心竞争力的角度出发,对如何提高安徽省第三方物流企业的核心竞争力进行研究。%This paper analysis based on the third party logistics in Anhui province the current situation of the enterprise,core competence from the perspective of Anhui province,on how to improve the third party logistics enterprise's core competitiveness research.

  8. 基于RFID技术的第三方冷链物流信息平台构建%Establishment of Third Party Cold Chain Logistics Information Platform Based on RFID

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋作玲; 邱晓雨; 徐杰

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, with RFID label with temperature sensor as the carrier for information collection, we built the third party cold chain logistics information platform based on big data. Then we introduced the positioning and key technologies of the platform and after proposing the general framework of the platform, analyzed its temperature monitoring and pre-warning system as well as the design of its hardware system and thee cold chain food tracking and tracing system, etc.%选用带有温度传感器的RFID标签作为信息采集载体,构建了基于大数据的第三方冷链物流信息平台。首先对平台的定位和关键技术进行了介绍,并在提出平台总体框架的基础上,对其冷链温度监控与预警系统以及相关硬件设计、冷链食品追踪溯源系统设计等进行重点分析,对于相关企业的发展和政府监管活动都具有一定的实践意义。

  9. New legislation on civil liability for nuclear facilities; Nueva legislacion sobre responsabilidad civil en instalaciones nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    The criteria followed by the new regulation is to both qualitatively and quantitatively broaden the liability of a nuclear power plant operator. This increase, in both senses, goes above and beyond what the traditional insurance market is technically in a position to handle. This has resulted in the need for public funds to cover what the insurance companies cannot. Enforcement of the requirements of the new regulation has been postponed because most of the signatory countries have not ratified the 2004 Protocol to the Paris convention. At this time it is difficult to say when this will take place. (Author)

  10. 电子商务第三方物流信息管理%E-commerce third-party logistics information management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋倩

    2013-01-01

    The third-party e-commerce logistics information system from the status quo to proceed, in order to pro-mote the construction of China e-commerce third-party logistics informatization construction as the goal, China's third lo-gistics management system for the problems raised third-party e-commerce logistics information management system devel-opment.%  文章从电子商务第三方物流信息系统的现状着手,以促进建设我国电子商务第三方物流信息化建设为目标,针对我国第三物流管理系统方面存在的问题提出了电子商务第三方物流信息管理系统的发展对策。

  11. Enhancing Security in Cloud Computing for Third Party Auditor by Self-destruction Mechanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzammil H. Mohammed

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The main aim study in cloud computing system, large amount of data can be maintained in the cloud storage system and it can be used for application based services for client. The bulk amount of data privacy will not be properly maintained by the cloud service provider. Without knowledge of authorized client, data can be viewed by another user with the permission of Cloud Service Provider (CSP. Many cryptography technique can be used for data privacy in the TPA (Third Party Auditor which is the trusted authority to audit and verify the integrity in cloud. The cloud loaded data can be viewed by authorized user and copy of data can be in tag based data placed in TPA and data privacy can be affected in TPA system. In the proposed system, data privacy can be maintained in the TPA view by using self destruction mechanism to destroy the data after the view point of data for particular time and then the viewed data copy can be destruction in TPA. The cloud service provider can be securely loading the data in cloud via TPA Server. The main advantage of the self destruction mechanism security for the data in cloud via TPA server without the permission of the particular authenticated client other user cannot viewed the individual client data. Then data privacy can be perfectly maintained in the cloud service.

  12. TAX LIABILITIES. APPEAL TO FORECLOSURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RĂDULESCU DRAGOŞ LUCIAN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available According to art. 622 of the Code of Civil Procedure, the obligation established by court order or by another enforceable title is carried out willingly. If the debtor does not carry out his duties willingly, it will be achieved by foreclosure.

  13. A Re-discussion on the Nature of the Civil Liability for Medical Damages%医疗损害赔偿责任性质的再认识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李潇

    2015-01-01

    This paper argues that the nature of liability for medical damages shall fall in the overlap theory involving the liability for breach of contract and the liability for tort. It also holds that, because of the legal basis that laws always show respect for people’ s dignity and worth as well as consideration for people’ s lives and health, the liability for medical damages should be converted from liability for breach of contract into liability for tort. In addition, due to the fact that compensation to mental damages and punitive compensation to damages are included only in the liability for tort and the fact that the existing contractual law is in lack of provisions for medical contract, a customary practice in which liability for medical damages is treated as liability for tort is adopted in our country. Moreover, this paper argues that the liability for breach of contract has its unique value in some aspects of the liability for medical damages, such as special medical contract, aging of contract, fault of the third party and methods of bearing liabilities, etc.%文章认为医疗损害赔偿责任的性质应为违约责任与侵权责任竞合说,并认为医疗损害赔偿责任之所以由违约责任转化为侵权责任,其法理基础有法律对人的尊严与价值的尊重以及对人的生命健康的关怀,仅在侵权责任中存在的精神损害赔偿及惩罚性损害赔偿,以及合同法没有对医疗合同的规定,这使得在我国产生了医疗损害赔偿按照侵权责任进行处理的传统与习惯。同时文章也认为违约责任在医疗损害赔偿责任中在某些特殊医疗合同、时效期间、第三人过错及责任承担方式方面具有其独特的价值。

  14. The State of Play of the Recast of the Brussels I Regulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peter Arnt

    2012-01-01

    that Brussels I should also apply to cases where the defendant is domiciled outside Europe. Second, it proposes to abolish exequatur. Third, the Commission proposes to make jurisdiction agreements more efficient in order to avoid ‘Italian Torpedoes’, and fourthly, it also proposes provisions enhancing...

  15. The Analysis of Logistics Financial Models in the Third Party Logistics Enterprises on the Basis of Supply Chain Integration%基于供应链优化的第三方物流企业物流金融模式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段晓鹏

    2012-01-01

    Logistics financial services is an innovative services of the third party logistics enterprises and the supply chain. The flourish of logistics financial solves the problem of capital raising of enterprises, reduces the cost of supply chain operation, increases the fund turnover of supply chain and reduces the operation risk. On the basis of supply integration, this paper explained and analyzed several main logistics financial models and it is hopeful to provide a few suggestions to the logistics financial operation of the third party logistics enterprises.%物流金融是第三方物流企业的创新服务之一,也是供应链的金融服务创新产品,其蓬勃发展解决了企业的融资难问题,降低了供应链的运作成本,提高了供应链的资金运作率,也给银行降低了运作风险。本文具体阐述和分析了几种主要的物流金融模式,希望能够在供应链一体化的基础上,给我国第三方物流企业的物流金融服务运作提供一点参考意见。

  16. The Role of Training and Promotion to Increase The 3rd Party Funds Indonesian Islamic Banking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmat Hidayat

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – This study aims to determine whether the role of training is much larger than the promotion in raising third-party funds in Islamic banks in Indonesia given the cost of the training is spent is greater than the cost of promotion. This study empirically examines the relationship and impact of training and promotion to raise funds for a 3rd party in Indonesia Islamic banks.Methods – This study uses secondary data Islamic commercial banks in the form of panel (time-series and cross-section of Bank Indonesia data from 2010 until 2012. There are two independent variables training cost (X1 and promotion cost (X2 and one dependent variable is 3rd-party funds (Y. The analysis technique used path analysis to examine the role of training and the promotion of financial performance (The 3rd Party Funds.Result – Simultaneously, training and promotion gives an effect by 52%, and partially or individual training gives an insignificant negative effect, while the promotion has a significant positive impact on financial performance (financial-party funds on Islamic banking.Conclusion – The role of promotion is higher in raising The 3rd Party Funds than training. Keywords : Cost, Training, Promotion, The 3rd Party Funds 

  17. The Price-Concentration Relationship in Early Residential Solar Third-Party Markets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pless, Jacquelyn [Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom); Langheim, Ria [Center for Sustainable Energy, San Francisco, CA (United States); Machak, Christina [Center for Sustainable Energy, San Francisco, CA (United States); Hellow, Henar [Center for Sustainable Energy, San Francisco, CA (United States); Sigrin, Ben [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2017-01-01

    The market for residential solar photovoltaic (PV) systems in the United States has experienced tremendous growth over the past decade, with installed capacity more than doubling between 2014 and 2016 alone (SEIA, 2016). As the residential market continues to grow, it prompts new questions about the nature of competition between solar installers and how this competition, or lack thereof, affects the prices consumers are paying. It is often assumed that more competition leads to lower prices, but this is not universally true. For example, some studies have shown that factors such as brand loyalty could lead to a negative relationship between concentration and price in imperfectly competitive markets (Borenstein, 1985; Holmes, 1989). As such, the relationship between prices and market concentration is an open empirical question since theory could predict either a positive or negative relationship. Determining a relationship between prices and market concentration is challenging for several reasons. Most significantly, prices and market structure are simultaneously determined by each other -- the amount of competition a seller faces influences the price they can command, and prices determine a seller's market share. Previous studies have examined recent PV pricing trends over time and between markets (Davidson et al., 2015a; Davidson and Margolis 2015b; Nemet et al., 2016; Gillingham et al., 2014; Barbose and Darghouth 2015). While these studies of solar PV pricing are able to determine correlations between prices and market factors, they have not satisfactorily proven causation. Thus, to the best of our knowledge, there is little work to date that focuses on identifying the causal relationship between market structure and the prices paid by consumers. We use a unique dataset on third-party owned contract terms for the residential solar PV market in the San Diego Gas and Electricity service territory to better understand this relationship. Surprisingly, we find

  18. Third International Joint Conference on Computational Intelligence (IJCCI 2011)

    CERN Document Server

    Dourado, António; Rosa, Agostinho; Filipe, Joaquim; Computational Intelligence

    2013-01-01

    The present book includes a set of selected extended papers from the third International Joint Conference on Computational Intelligence (IJCCI 2011), held in Paris, France, from 24 to 26 October 2011. The conference was composed of three co-located conferences:  The International Conference on Fuzzy Computation (ICFC), the International Conference on Evolutionary Computation (ICEC), and the International Conference on Neural Computation (ICNC). Recent progresses in scientific developments and applications in these three areas are reported in this book. IJCCI received 283 submissions, from 59 countries, in all continents. This book includes the revised and extended versions of a strict selection of the best papers presented at the conference.

  19. 论有限责任公司股权对外转让--兼评新公司法第72条%On the External Equity Transfer of Limited Liability Company:Comment on the 7 2 nd Article of New Company Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓旭

    2013-01-01

    有限责任公司具有封闭性,人合性的特点,因此各国公司法对其股权向股东以外的第三人转让有严格的限制。我国新公司法对有限责任公司股权的对外转让主要是在公司法第72条中规定的,这里在对比新旧公司法关于有限责任公司股权对外转让规定的基础上,分析新公司法修改的优点和先进性,并着重对72条一些立法不足进行了研究与反思。%A limited liability company has closed,co-author nature,so in the world,every company has strict transfer restrictions to the third party beyond the company shareholders.China's New Company Law prescribes the external equity transfer of limited liability company in the 72nd article.The paper is based on the comparison between the old and the new company law in terms of the rights of a limited liability company transfer,analyzing the advantages and focusing on the legislative shortcomings.

  20. Third-party Logistics Management Information System Based on Internet of Things%基于物联网的第三方物流管理信息系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈黎黎; 国红军; 程超超

    2014-01-01

    Further researches on the internet of things and EPC technology were carried out .The establishment of thirdparty logistics information management system based on internet of things EPC was proposed to solve the prob‐lems of traditional operation mode of third‐party logistics .And the function ,structure and business process of the system were analyzed .%在对物联网技术和EPC技术进行深入研究的基础上,针对传统第三方物流运作模式中存在的各种弊端,提出建立基于EPC物联网的第三方物流信息管理系统,并分析了系统的功能、结构和业务流程。

  1. 33 CFR 153.405 - Liability to the pollution fund.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Liability to the pollution fund... (CONTINUED) POLLUTION CONTROL OF POLLUTION BY OIL AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, DISCHARGE REMOVAL Administration of the Pollution Fund § 153.405 Liability to the pollution fund. The owner or operator of the...

  2. 13 CFR 120.524 - When is SBA released from liability on its guarantee?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... liability on its guarantee? 120.524 Section 120.524 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS... Purchase of A Guaranteed Portion § 120.524 When is SBA released from liability on its guarantee? (a) SBA is... from its guarantee only if the Lender fails to request that SBA purchase the guarantee within 180...

  3. The role of third party logistics in supply chain management.%第三方物流在供应链管理中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李妮; 高学用; 冯四龙

    2013-01-01

      本文介绍了第三方物流及其供应链管理的概念,探讨了第三方物流进入供应链管理的理论基础。分析了第三方物流和供应链之中核心企业的关系,探讨第三方物流在供应链管理中的特点以及第三方物流在供应链管理所起到的作用。本文认为第三方物流是物流服务提供方在特定的时间段内按照合同的要求向需求方提供的个性化系列物流服务。%This paper introduces the concept of the third party logistics and supply chain management, discusses the basic theory of the third party logistics in supply chain management.Analysis of the relationship between the third party logistics and supply chain in the core enterprise,to explore the characteristics of the third party logistics in supply chain management and the third party logistics in the supply chain management role.This paper believes that the third party logistics is the logistics service provider individual logistics service in a specific period of time according to the requirements of the contract to provide the demand side.

  4. Nutritional quality of sous vide cooked carrots and brussels sprouts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiavaro, Emma; Mazzeo, Teresa; Visconti, Attilio; Manzi, Chiara; Fogliano, Vincenzo; Pellegrini, Nicoletta

    2012-06-13

    Phytochemicals (carotenoids, phenolic compounds, and ascorbic acid) and antioxidant capacity (measured by TEAC, FRAP, and TRAP assays) were evaluated on carrots and Brussels sprouts sous vide processed and then stored refrigerated for 1, 5, and 10 days and compared with the corresponding raw and oven-steamed products. Data showed that sous vide cooked carrots had higher amounts of carotenoids, phenolic compounds, and ascorbic acid than steamed products, and only a slight decrease of phenolic compounds was recorded during sous vide storage. Contrasting results were obtained on sous vide processed Brussels sprouts: higher carotenoid amounts and TEAC and TRAP values and lower phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid, and FRAP values were exhibited by sous vide in comparison with steamed samples. Phytochemicals and TAC also decreased during Brussels sprout sous vide storage with the exception of carotenoids. The results of this study demonstrated that sous vide preparation can preserve and/or enhance the nutritional quality of carrots, which remain a good source of carotenoids also after long refrigerated storage, whereas the same treatment could be recommended as an alternative to oven-steaming in the preparation of Brussels sprouts for short-term maintenance to avoid a large ascorbic acid depletion.

  5. Development and use of innovative approaches to waste management and environmental restoration: Potential liability and its implications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Owens, W.L.

    1990-12-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has established as its goal to have all of its facilities cleaned up and in compliance with all applicable environmental laws by the year 2019. As part of its plan to achieve that goal, DOE created, in November 1989, an Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) and, within EM, an Office of Technology Development (OTD). Since the achievement of DOE's long-term objective in the area of waste management and environmental restoration is not possible utilizing only existing technology, the importance of OTD's mission is clear. A question has been raised regarding the nature of the potential liability associated with development, testing, and use of new technologies for waste management and environmental restoration; and the impact it may have on the ability or willingness of other parties to participate in DOE's technology development program. This report is intended to provide at least a preliminary answer to the question. Given the range of activities involved in the technology development process, there are many circumstances that could result in liability. Therefore, the discussion here is somewhat general. It may, however, provide a base for more detailed analysis, at a later time, of liability issues raised by specific circumstances.

  6. Development and use of innovative approaches to waste management and environmental restoration: Potential liability and its implications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Owens, W.L.

    1990-12-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has established as its goal to have all of its facilities cleaned up and in compliance with all applicable environmental laws by the year 2019. As part of its plan to achieve that goal, DOE created, in November 1989, an Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) and, within EM, an Office of Technology Development (OTD). Since the achievement of DOE`s long-term objective in the area of waste management and environmental restoration is not possible utilizing only existing technology, the importance of OTD`s mission is clear. A question has been raised regarding the nature of the potential liability associated with development, testing, and use of new technologies for waste management and environmental restoration; and the impact it may have on the ability or willingness of other parties to participate in DOE`s technology development program. This report is intended to provide at least a preliminary answer to the question. Given the range of activities involved in the technology development process, there are many circumstances that could result in liability. Therefore, the discussion here is somewhat general. It may, however, provide a base for more detailed analysis, at a later time, of liability issues raised by specific circumstances.

  7. B2C电商自营物流与第三方物流的绩效研究%Performance Research on the B2C Electricity Supplier Self-logistics and Third-party Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宏伟

    2012-01-01

    国内B2C电子商务高速发展,作者结合亚马逊的成功经验和中国现阶段物流行业的实际情况,对电商采用自营物流和第三方物流的绩效和前景进行了阐述研究.%In China, B2C e-commerce develops rapidly. Combining with the successful experience of the Amazon and the actual situation of the logistics industry in China at the present stage, the author presents the performance of self-logistics and third party logistics and discusses its prospect.

  8. Design of Enterprise Information Portal for Third Party Logistics Based on Multi-Agent Technology%基于Multi-Agent技术的3PL企业信息门户设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭扬

    2006-01-01

    本文提出以企业信息门户(EIP,Enterprise Information Portal)作为第三方物流(3PL,Third Party Logistics)企业信息系统的表现层,以Multi-Agent技术作为系统智能信息处理实现的机制,探讨3PL企业物流信息系统的设计方案与实现技术,并就相关系统应用架构,多Agent模型及其业务协作流程,以及信息门户中的认证Agent和门户管理Agent等实现机制进行了分析和设计.

  9. Selection Method of the Third-party Logistics Service Provider of Agricultural Products%农产品第三方物流服务商选择方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石军刚

    2012-01-01

    分析了农产品物流模式及选择第三方物流的必要性,在给出农产品第三方物流服务商评价指标后,提出利用主成分赋权法确定指标权重,并针对农产品第三方物流服务商评价中存在不确定性,提出利用区间数刻画评价结果,得到一种基于不确定性的农产品第三方物流服务商选择方法.%This paper analyzed the logistics pattern of agricultural products and the necessary of selecting the third-party logistics service. Based on the evaluation index of the third-party logistics service providers for agricultural products, it was proposed to use the principal component weighting method to determine the index weight, then according to the uncertainties in evaluating the third-party logistics service providers for agricultural products, the interval numbers were adopted to characterize the evaluation results. Finally, the uncertainty-based selection method of the third-party logistics service provider for agricultural products was presented.

  10. 基于供应链的第三方物流信息管理系统规划设计%Planning and Design of Third Party Logistics Information Management System Based on Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧

    2013-01-01

    第三方物流企业的信息化能力已经成为了影响其服务能力和竞争力以及客户满意度的关键指标,首先从供应链的视角研究和探讨了第三方物流信息管理系统的再造和优化问题,接着从订单处理、身份验证、信息分类管理、库存管理、配送运输管理以及决策分析等方面研究了供应链管理下第三方物流信息管理系统的业务运作模式,最后提出了第三方物流信息管理系统规划和设计的基本框架和结构,并分别对系统总体目标、流程分析和功能结构三个方面进行了重点研究.%In this paper, from the perspective of the supply chain, we studied the re-engineering and optimization of the third party logistics information management system, then examined the business operation mode of the system from the aspects of order processing, ID verification, information classification and management, inventory management, distribution and transportation management, and decision analysis, etc., and finally proposed the basic framework and architecture in the planning and design of the third party logistics information management system.

  11. Paris Noir.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vickers, Robert J.

    2003-01-01

    Describes a six-credit study abroad program open to undergraduate and graduate students through Syracuse University that explores historical, cultural, and intellectual connections between African Americans and Paris. (EV)

  12. Dejection at In-Group Defeat and Schadenfreude Toward Second- and Third-Party Out-Groups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leach, Colin Wayne; Spears, Russell

    2009-01-01

    It has been argued that the emotional pain of being outshone by a second party leads to the malicious pleasure of schadenfreude when this second party subsequently suffers a misfortune. However, direct tests of this idea are rare, especially at the intergroup level. Thus, the authors presented parti

  13. Paris to Beijing by bike: they made it!

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    The challenge, a 12,623 km cycle trip to Beijing for the inauguration of the Olympic Games, was no easy ride, but they made it there on time. "I can do nothing for those who do not ask themselves questions" (Confucius -551-479 BC) CERN’s Raymond Cambarrat and Peter Dreesen arrived in the Chinese capital on 3 August after an incredible human and sporting adventure that began in Paris on 16 March (see Bulletin No. 20 & 21, 8 May 2008). The two cyclists, who set off on their journey with 102 other enthusiasts, rode for a total of 120 days with only ten days’ rest along the way. The greatest distance they covered in a single day was a 192 km leg in Russia, one of 12 countries their expedition took them through. From the arid steppes of Kirghizstan through the fog of Mount Hua to the snowy wind-swept pass of Kampa, the group covered roads of varying quality, some of them untarmacked, notchi...

  14. Appraisement and benchmarking of third-party logistic service provider by exploration of risk-based approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitin Kumar Sahu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present era, Reverse Logistics Support has monitored as a momentous realm, where stuffs are transferred from point of consumption to origin. The companies who provide the logistic equipments, i.e. Truck, Joseph Cyril Bomford, and Shipment, etc. to its partner’s firms called Third-Party Logistics (3PL service provider. Today, the feasible 3PL service provider evaluation-opt problem is yet an amorous dilemma. The appraisement and benchmarking of logistics service providers in extent of index; allied risk-based indices and their interrelated metrics; outlooked as a great tool for each international firm, in order that firm could obtain their core goals. The novelty of manuscript is that here, a hairy-based approach has been integrated and then implemented upon a novel developed multi hierarchical third-party logistics (3PL service providers appraisement index in purpose to umpire the 3PL provider for their strong and ill’s core indices. Moreover, the overall score (Si system has also been carried out for benchmarking the 3PL provider companies, where s1 has been found as the best 3PL service provider. The developed approach enabled the manager of firms to make the verdict towards the best inclusive evaluation process of 3PL performance appraisement and benchmarking. A numerical illustration has also been provided to validate the verdict support system.

  15. From Paris to Lyon, and from simple to complex liquids: a view on Jean-Pierre Hansen's contribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrat, Jean-Louis; Biben, Thierry; Bocquet, Lydéric

    2015-09-01

    We present a short perspective on some of the contributions made by Jean-Pierre Hansen to our theoretical understanding of soft matter static structure and dynamics, using the tools developed for simple liquids within the rigorous framework of statistical physics.

  16. BRIEF CONSIDERATIONS ON THE DISCIPLINARY LIABILITY OF THE MAGISTRATES

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Emilia STEFAN

    2013-01-01

    The recent amendments in the applicable law on the disciplinary liability of the magistrates have induced many debates regarding the increase of holders that own the right to initiate the disciplinary action against a magistrate and also regarding the area of disciplinary offenses. The conferring of the status of holder of the disciplinary action to the Minister of Justice, the President of the High Court of Cassation and Justice and to the General Attorney of the Prosecutor's Office of the H...

  17. Green Supply Chain Collaboration for Fashionable Consumer Electronics Products under Third-Party Power Intervention—A Resource Dependence Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiuh-Biing Sheu

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Under third-party power intervention (TPPI, which increases uncertainty in task environments, complex channel power interplays and restructuring are indispensable among green supply chain members as they move toward sustainable collaborative relationships for increased viability and competitive advantage. From the resource dependence perspective, this work presents a novel conceptual model to investigate the influence of political and social power on channel power restructuring and induced green supply chain collaboration in brander-retailer bidirectional green supply chains of fashionable consumer electronics products (FCEPs. An FCEP refers to the consumer electronics product (e.g., personal computers, mobile phones, computer notebooks, and game consoles with the features of a well-known brand associated, a short product lifecycle, timely and fashionable design fit for market trends, and quick responsiveness to the variations of market demands. The proposed model is tested empirically using questionnaire data obtained from retailers in the FCEP brander-retailer distribution channels. Analytical results reveal that as an extension of political and social power, TPPI positively affects the reciprocal interdependence of dyadic members and reduces power asymmetry, thereby enhancing the collaborative relationship of dyadic members and leading to improved green supply chain performance. Therein, reciprocal interdependence underlying collaborative relationship is the key to reducing the external environmental uncertainties in the TPPI context.

  18. A Study on Conduct Barring Limitation of Shipowner's Liability Based on the Korean Commercial Code

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    So Yeon Kim

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available When a maritime claim is initiated against a shipowner, the Korean Commercial Code permits the shipowner to limit his liability. However, the right to limit liability will be denied in a case of the shipowner's willful misconduct or other reckless act or omission. Proving the facts to support a limitation can be problematic because there are no provisions specified in the Korean Commercial Code. This paper analyzes South Korea's historical position on cases involving the extent of the shipowner's liability and the willful misconduct or other reckless acts or omissions committed by him.

  19. A Study of the Efficacy of the Five Phase Recovery Process as a Method of Maximizing Reimbursements under the Third Party Collection Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-07-01

    AGPAM), and "The Receivables Report" and "The Health Care Collector" both published by Zimmerman and Associates ( Scheaffer , 1989). Get on the mailing list...October). Accurate third-party logs ensure maximum payments. Healthcare Financial Management, pp. 82-84. Scheaffer , L. (1989, October/November

  20. Influence of nuclear glasses composition on their liability to deterioration; Influence de la composition des verres nucleaires sur leur alterabilite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tovena, I.

    1995-09-29

    This contributes to the study of the nuclear glasses composition influence on their liability to deterioration. The methodology of the experimental research used has lead to define between the thirty oxides which form the reference glass light water, six oxides of interest. For each of these oxides, a composition variation area has been defined. A matrix of twenty glass compositions has then been defined. The preparation of materials of these compositions has sometimes lead to materials weakly heterogeneous which have been characterized before deterioration. This study has been completed by those of three glasses in a composition variation area narrower of the light water nuclear glass : the R7T7 and two glasses at limits having respectively an initial dissolution velocity at 100 degrees Celsius theoretically maximum and minimum. Some deterioration parameters in pure water have been experimentally measured on the twenty three glasses : 1) an initial dissolution velocity at 100 degrees (Vo{sub 1}00) Celsius and another one at 90 degrees Celsius (Vo{sub 9}0) 2) a dissolution velocity in conditions near the saturation at 90 degrees Celsius 3) an apparent solubility of glass based on the ortho silicic acid activity 4) the evolution of the dissolution kinetics at 90 degrees Celsius in sub-saturated medium towards saturated medium 5) the alteration films nature developed at the glasses surface during these last alteration tests. Some thermodynamic and structural models have been studied in order to predict Vo{sub 9}0 and Vo{sub 1}00. The dissolution kinetic law developed from reference glass dissolution results has been studied with the calculation code LIXIVER. It has not been able to be used for most of the glasses compositions studied. As a consequence, the glasses dissolution control by a surface reaction which are itself controlled by the only dissolved silica is an hypothesis which is not verified for the greater part of the glasses. (O.L.). refs., figs., tabs.

  1. Comparative Research on Excellent Third-Party Wealth Management Organizations in China and the Enlightenment%我国优秀第三方财富管理机构比较研究及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栾贵勤; 冀伟; 周雯瑜

    2012-01-01

    综合国内优秀的财富管理机构战略定位、目标客户、业务范围展开分析发现:在战略定位方面,财富管理机构均将自己的定位冠以行业首家、领先、卓越、权威等;在目标客户方面,财富管理机构的目标客户大都为高端、高净值客户;在业务范围方面,主要包括资本市场的常见理财、投资产品,并进行产品的筛选以及客户的资产配置。目前。国内财富管理机构。还没有专门针对超高净值人群提供财富管理的第三方理财机构,这为新型财富管理创造了机遇,但也提出了挑战。财富管理机构应从差异性入手,以品牌化、专业化和强化客户经理服务为要点。开拓新型财富管理业务,寻找新的业务支点,开辟新型财富管理之道。%Analyzing the strategic positioning, target customers and business scope of excellent domestic wealth management organiza- tions, we find that in terms of strategic positioning, wealth management organizations position themselves as the first in the industry, lead, excellence and authority; in regard to target customers, their target customers are mostly high-end and high-net-worth clients; with respect to business scope, there are common financial management, investment products in the capital market, product selection and asset alloca- tion of customers. At present, the domestic wealth management organizations provide no third-party financial institutions to high-net-worth dients, which not only create opportunities for new wealth management, but also put forward challenges. Wealth managing agencies should start from the difference, take branding, specialization and strengthening service of customer managers as the key points, open up a new wealth management business, look for new business fulcrum and develop new ways of wealth management.

  2. Des controverses aux compromis. Les lignes de front du métro bruxellois From controversies to compromises. The frontlines of Brussels metro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Céline Tellier

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En 1963, le Ministère belge des Communications publie un document intitulé “Promotion des Transports en commun dans les grandes agglomérations”, véritable plaidoyer en faveur du transport public à l’échelle de cinq grandes villes belges. Dans cet article, nous proposons d’analyser de manière approfondie ce document pour comprendre la controverse fondatrice qui a justifié les travaux du futur métro à Bruxelles. En faisant parler les archives institutionnelles, nous soutenons que le métro bruxellois peut être considéré comme le résultat d’un compromis entre les deux institutions à l’époque en charge de la mobilité à Bruxelles : le Ministère des Travaux Publics et le Ministère des Communications. Préférant répondre aux normes de capacité et de rapidité déjà présentes dans le monde routier, le transport public a ainsi fait le deuil de la surface et, par là, a purifié le débat des mobilités urbaines en une solution apparemment strictement technique, espace pacifié où protagonistes d’un champ désormais commun peuvent s’entendre et s’allier.In 1963 the Belgian Ministry of Communications published a document entitled “Promotion des Transports en commun dans les grandes agglomérations”, real plea for the defence of public transport on the scale of five Belgian cities. In this article, we propose to analyze this document deeply, to help the understanding of the founding controversy which justified the works of future metro in Brussels. By studying institutional archives, we maintain that the Brussels metro may be considered as the result of a compromise between the two institutions dealing with mobility at that time in Brussels: the Ministry of Civil Engineering and the Ministry of Communications. Through responding to capacity and speed standards already present in the field of road transport, public transport gave up the surface and turned the debate on urban mobility into an apparently

  3. Predicting Student Performance in Statewide High-Stakes Tests for Middle School Mathematics Using the Results from Third Party Testing Instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meylani, Rusen; Bitter, Gary G.; Castaneda, Rene

    2014-01-01

    In this study regression and neural networks based methods are used to predict statewide high-stakes test results for middle school mathematics using the scores obtained from third party tests throughout the school year. Such prediction is of utmost significance for school districts to live up to the state's educational standards mandated by the…

  4. Attachment in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Preliminary Investigation of the Psychometric Properties of the Manchester Attachment Scale-Third Party Observational Measure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penketh, Victoria; Hare, Dougal Julian; Flood, Andrea; Walker, Samantha

    2014-01-01

    Background: The Manchester Attachment Scale-Third party observational measure (MAST) was developed to assess secure attachment style for adults with intellectual disabilities. The psychometric properties of the MAST were examined. Materials and Methods: Professional carers (N = 40) completed the MAST and measures related to the construct of…

  5. Study of the Military Third-Party Logistics Supplier's Selection Based on TOPSIS Method and GREY Relative Degree%基于TOPSIS法和灰色关联度法的军队第三方物流供应商评价分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭绍雄; 唐斐琼

    2012-01-01

    The introduction of the military third-party logistic is a necessary measure to realize logistics support socialization. According to the problem of the military third-party lo- gistics suppliers selection and evaluation, this paper firstly establishes a comprehensive military third-party logistics supplier evaluation index system. Secondly, this paper establishes an evaluation model combined with TOPSIS method and GREY relative degree. This model which has the certain theory basis can be used to analyze and decision-making, and an example is presented to prove the effectiveness and feasibility of the model. Satisfactory results have been obtained, which provides a new thinking to select military third-party logistics suppliers more scientifically and exactly.%军队引入第三方物流是实现后勤保障社会化的必然举措,文章针对军队第三方物流供应商的选择评价问题,首先建立了军队第三方物流供应商的综合评价指标体系,其次提出了基于TOPSIS法和灰色关联度法的模型,该模型具有一定的理论依据,对军队第三方物流供应商进行了分析和排序,并通过实例对模型的有效性和实用性进行了验证,取得了较为满意的结果,为军队第三方物流供应商决策的科学性与准确性提供了一个新的思路。

  6. Third-party tolerogenic dendritic cells reduce allo-reactivity in vitro and ameliorate the severity of acute graft-versus-host disease in allo-bone marrow transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, J; Li, R; Ren, Y; Yang, Y; Xie, R; Fan, H

    2013-12-01

    Tolerogenic dendritic cells (tDCs) potently induce and maintain tolerance based on their distinct characteristics compared with conventional DCs. Recent reports show that donor or host tDCs promote allograft survival in mice. In this study, the efficacy of third-party tDCs in the prevention of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) was evaluated. In vitro, tDCs derived from the bone marrow (BM) of D1 mice were induced by GM-CSF, IL-10 and TGF-β1. The phenotypes, expression of cytokines and suppression of tDCs were analysed. In vivo, the effects of adoptive transfer of third-party-tDCs were evaluated in an MHC-mismatched aGVHD mouse model. Survival, body weight, GVHD scoring, histopathological specimens and serum cytokines were analysed in tDC-treated mice and untreated controls. Tolerogenic DCs had low expression of MHC and co-stimulatory molecules, expressed high levels of 'immunosuppressive' cytokines and suppressed allo-CD4(+) T cell proliferation. In the B6→D2 mouse model, all aGVHD mice died within 18 days. Fortunately, third-party tDCs transferred at low doses (10(4)) effectively prolonged survival after allo-BMT. Furthermore, in the mice treated with 10(4) tDCs, serum levels of IL-10/TGF-β were significantly higher and the percentage of Foxp3(+) cells continually increased compared with the mice treated with other doses of tDCs. Third-party tDCs play a crucial role in reducing the severity of aGVHD by modulating the secretion of various cytokines and expanding Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells, which suggests the possibility of using third-party tDCs for therapeutic applications. Furthermore, special attention should be paid to the optimal range of tDCs for preventing allograft rejection.

  7. The Analysis on the Relationship between Insurance Law and Tort Liability Law ——Taking the Liability in Motor Vehicle Traffic Accident as Study Object%保险法与侵权责任法关系辨析——以机动车交通事故责任为重点考察对象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝磊; 马映平

    2011-01-01

    In our country the Liability Insurance System was introduced into Liability for Motor Vehicle Traffic Accident.There are mutual integration and independence on the norm and function between Insurance Law and Tort Liability Law,so Tort Liability Law is different from the traditional rules of tort law,and Insurance Law cannot completely substitute for Tort Liability Law as well.Current legislation in our country pay attention to organically coordinating the relationship between Insurance Law and Tort Liability Law,but there are some places demanding to improve further: The balance on the interests of all the parties should be completed further in the law system;We should pay attention to the coordination of commercial insurance and tort liabilities system;The problem on law application should be formulated further explicit as well.%我国立法在机动车交通事故责任中引入了责任保险制度,由于保险法和侵权责任法在规范与功能等方面既有其相互融合的一面,又有其相互独立的一面,故侵权责任法不同于传统的侵权规则,保险法也不能完全取代侵权责任法。我国现行立法注重对保险法与侵权责任法的关系予以有机协调,但是也有一些需要进一步改进的地方:对各方利益的平衡应从法律上进一步完善;要注意商业保险与侵权责任机制的协调;对具体适用中的问题亦应进一步明确规范。

  8. The Brazilian approach to internet intermediary liability: blueprint for a global regime?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolo Zingales

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available While intermediary liability is becoming an issue of increasing importance in internet governance discussions, little is being made at the institutional level to minimise conflicts across jurisdictions and ensure the compliance of intermediary liability laws with fundamental rights and the freedom to innovate. The experience leading to the adoption of the Brazilian “Marco Civil da Internet” offers concrete insights for the definition of a baseline framework at the international level. This article also suggests the creation of a global forum of discussion on intermediary liability, allowing the interests of a variety of stakeholders to be taken into account in the definition and implementation of those baseline principles.

  9. Sanctity of dispute resolution clauses : strategic coherence of the Brussels system / Ilona Nurmela

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurmela, Ilona, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    1968. aasta Brüsseli konventsioon kohtualluvuse ja kohtuotsuste täitmise kohta tsiviil- ja kaubandusasjades (1968 Brussels Convention on jurisdiction and the enforcement of judgements in civil and commercial matters ; Brussels I Convention)

  10. 辽宁省发展第三方物流对策及建议%The development countermeasures and suggestions of third party logistics in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李镜

    2014-01-01

    In the past two years,the Ministry of Transport has issued many guidance,and third party logistics industry encountered unprecedented opportunity of historical development. Effective third party logistics countermeasures and suggestions ensure health and rapid development of third party logistics;constantly develop the potential of logistics market. Expanding the scope of business is the vitality of third party logistics enterprise. Through the investigation on the national and Liaoning logistics industry and in-depth analysis,this paper puts forward the countermeasures and sug-gestions of developing of the third party logistics in Liaoning combining with the current situation of the development of logistics industry in Liaoning Province.%近两年,交通运输部先后颁布了关于交通运输推进第三方物流业健康发展的多项指导意见,第三方物流业遇到了前所未有的历史发展机遇。实施切实可行的第三方物流对策及建议,确保第三方物流的健康快速发展,不断开发潜在的物流市场,扩大业务范围是第三方物流企业的生命力所在。通过对国家及辽宁地区的物流发展政策的深入分析,结合辽宁省物流业的发展现况,有针对性地提出了辽宁发展第三方物流的对策及建议。

  11. [Legal aspects of medical expert testimony and non-economic damage in civil liability of physician].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pauković, Hrvoje

    2008-01-01

    In the establishment of civil liability of physicians for damage caused, it is extremely important to establish all relevant facts for the court to render the appropriate verdict. One of the crucial instruments in the establishment of a presumed civil liability of physicians as well as in the establishment of the criteria for the assessment of a proper award, is the medical expert testimony--utilised as an essential proof. The comprehension of medical and legal professionals' replies to questions which every profession must answer in order to provide an objective access to the claim and a right and full establishment of the factual situation, is the imperative for a correct application of the law in the handling and settling of these claims, especially in the light of the new set up of the concept of non-economic damage. The medical and legal profession shall help placing the problems of civil liability of physicians into real frameworks, preventing any attempts of unnecessary stigmatization of medical profession and cases of unjustified and unfounded indemnification, and it shall objectively and professionally, based on the law, enable a full and absolute protection of patients and third parties and their rights to physical and mental health.

  12. 77 FR 16036 - Guidance for Industry, Third Parties and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Medical Device ISO...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry, Third Parties and Food and Drug...--Requirements for regulatory purposes,'' (ISO 13485:2003) audit report provides FDA a degree of assurance of... GHTF founding members auditing systems include: The Canadian Medical Devices Conformity...

  13. Equitable mitigation to achieve the Paris Agreement goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robiou Du Pont, Yann; Jeffery, M. Louise; Gütschow, Johannes; Rogelj, Joeri; Christoff, Peter; Meinshausen, Malte

    2017-01-01

    Benchmarks to guide countries in ratcheting-up ambition, climate finance, and support in an equitable manner are critical but not yet determined in the context of the Paris Agreement. We identify global cost-optimal mitigation scenarios consistent with the Paris Agreement goals and allocate their emissions dynamically to countries according to five equity approaches. At the national level, China's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) is weaker than any of the five equity approaches, India's NDC is aligned with two, and the EU's and the USA's with three. Most developing countries' conditional (Intended) NDCs (INDCs) are more ambitious than the average of the five equity approaches under the 2 °C goal. If the G8 and China adopt the average of the five approaches, the gap between conditional INDCs and 2 °C-consistent pathways could be closed. For an equitable, cost-optimal achievement of the 1.5 °C target, emissions in 2030 are 21% lower (relative to 2010) than for 2 °C for the G8 and China combined, and 39% lower for remaining countries. Equitably limiting warming to 1.5 °C rather than 2 °C requires that individual countries achieve mitigation milestones, such as peaking or reaching net-zero emissions, around a decade earlier.

  14. OrgConv: detection of gene conversion using consensus sequences and its application in plant mitochondrial and chloroplast homologs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Weilong

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The ancestry of mitochondria and chloroplasts traces back to separate endosymbioses of once free-living bacteria. The highly reduced genomes of these two organelles therefore contain very distant homologs that only recently have been shown to recombine inside the mitochondrial genome. Detection of gene conversion between mitochondrial and chloroplast homologs was previously impossible due to the lack of suitable computer programs. Recently, I developed a novel method and have, for the first time, discovered recurrent gene conversion between chloroplast mitochondrial genes. The method will further our understanding of plant organellar genome evolution and help identify and remove gene regions with incongruent phylogenetic signals for several genes widely used in plant systematics. Here, I implement such a method that is available in a user friendly web interface. Results OrgConv (Organellar Conversion is a computer package developed for detection of gene conversion between mitochondrial and chloroplast homologous genes. OrgConv is available in two forms; source code can be installed and run on a Linux platform and a web interface is available on multiple operating systems. The input files of the feature program are two multiple sequence alignments from different organellar compartments in FASTA format. The program compares every examined sequence against the consensus sequence of each sequence alignment rather than exhaustively examining every possible combination. Making use of consensus sequences significantly reduces the number of comparisons and therefore reduces overall computational time, which allows for analysis of very large datasets. Most importantly, with the significantly reduced number of comparisons, the statistical power remains high in the face of correction for multiple tests. Conclusions Both the source code and the web interface of OrgConv are available for free from the OrgConv website http

  15. Discussion on Marketing Strategy of Personalized Services by Third-Party Logistics Enterprise%第三方物流企业个性化服务营销策略探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔国成

    2011-01-01

    Although Logistics industry,especially third-party logistics enterprise,has made rapid progress in recent years,expected results are not obtained during its services for clients.The major reasons lie in lack of good communication and understanding between%物流业在我国虽然已经得到了飞速的发展,尤其是第三方物流企业,但在与物流消费客户的服务过程中并未得到预期的成效。其主要原因是双方之间缺乏良好的沟通与了解。因此,第三方物流企业要想获得市场的认可,实现服务的预期目标,就得充分了解消费客户的个性需要,制定个性化的服务营销策略。

  16. Establishment of Third-party Logistics Information Platform to Enhance the Competitiveness of the Logistics Industry in Tianjin%建立第三方物流信息平台提升天津市物流业竞争力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张博

    2013-01-01

    该文详细分析了我国和天津市物流信息化发展现状及存在的问题,重点论述了建立第三方物流信息平台的必要性,研究分析了第三方物流信息平台的特点和优势,以及对未来物流行业发展的促进作用,并且展望了第四方物流发展。%This paper analyzes the country and Tianjin logistics information technology development status and existing problems, focuses on the establishment of the necessity of third-party logistics information platform, research and analysis of third party lo-gistics information platform features and advantages, as well as for the future role in promoting the development of the logistics in-dustry, and the prospect of the fourth party logistics development.

  17. First results on applying a non-linear effect formalism to alliances between political parties and buy and sell dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagarello, F.; Haven, E.

    2016-02-01

    We discuss a non linear extension of a model of alliances in politics, recently proposed by one of us. The model is constructed in terms of operators, describing the interest of three parties to form, or not, some political alliance with the other parties. The time evolution of what we call the decision functions is deduced by introducing a suitable Hamiltonian, which describes the main effects of the interactions of the parties amongst themselves and with their environments, which are generated by their electors and by people who still have no clear idea for which party to vote (or even if to vote). The Hamiltonian contains some non-linear effects, which takes into account the role of a party in the decision process of the other two parties. Moreover, we show how the same Hamiltonian can also be used to construct a formal structure which can describe the dynamics of buying and selling financial assets (without however implying a specific price setting mechanism).

  18. First results on applying a non-linear effect formalism to alliances between political parties and buy and sell dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Bagarello, Fabio

    2016-01-01

    We discuss a non linear extension of a model of alliances in politics, recently proposed by one of us. The model is constructed in terms of operators, describing the \\emph{interest} of three parties to form, or not, some political alliance with the other parties. The time evolution of what we call \\emph{the decision functions} is deduced by introducing a suitable hamiltonian, which describes the main effects of the interactions of the parties amongst themselves and with their \\emph{environments}, {which are }generated by their electors and by people who still have no clear {idea }for which party to vote (or even if to vote). The hamiltonian contains some non-linear effects, which takes into account the role of a party in the decision process of the other two parties. Moreover, we show how the same hamiltonian can also be used to construct a formal structure which can describe the dynamics of buying and selling financial assets (without however implying a specific price setting mechanism).

  19. Resource Allocation of Third-party Warehousing Based on Revenue Management and Simulation%基于收益管理和仿真的第三方仓储资源分配

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘燕春; 周明; 陈智民

    2013-01-01

      To solve the capacity design and resource allocation problem at third-party warehousing under uncertain demands, a stochastic mathematical programming model is proposed .It is proved in this paper there exist optimal resource allocation quantities, and the optimal quantity of each class of customer is a decreasing function of unit resource cost, while an increasing function of unit resource revenue and unit lost cost .Because of the complexity for this problem to be solved analytically , a new approach integrating revenue management with discrete-event simulation and response surface methodology is developed .Revenue management is used to implement customer segmentation and construction of resource allocation policies .Simulation is employed to model the stochastic characteristics and evaluate the performance of the system .The optimization of allocation policies and exploration of performance improvement is realized by a statistical experimental technology , response surface methodology . Case study and simulation experiments show that allocating warehousing capacity according to customer segmenta -tion is better than the traditional policy of first come first service , and the combination of revenue management , response surface methodology and simulation can effectively improve system ’ s yield, which validates the approach proposed in this paper.%  针对不确定市场需求条件下第三方仓储资源的能力规划与分配问题,构建随机数学规划模型,理论分析证明了最优资源分配量的存在性,并指出最优资源分配量是单位资源成本的递减函数、单位资源收益和单位损失成本的递增函数。鉴于解析求解的复杂性,基于收益管理思想,结合离散事件仿真技术和响应曲面法,提出一种新的分析求解框架:收益管理用于细分顾客、构建资源分配策略,仿真模型刻画系统随机特性并评估系统绩效指标,响应曲面法则优化分

  20. The Company Director’s Liability for Untrue Statements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolstov Leonid

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the modern information society the success or failure of a person participating in activities related to legal issues depends increasingly more on the relevance and correctness of available information and this is why higher demands are put on giving out information. In the context of company law it is evident that although the company is always liable for the information issued, in reality it is not the legal person giving out information, but its legal representative (the director instead. Therefore, it would be reasonable to ask whether the director could simply hide behind the company; or, should the director also be held personally liable for disclosing untrue statements? The aim of this article is, on the basis of English, German, Spanish and Estonian law, to analyze if and in which cases a director can be held personally liable for disclosing false information to a third party in the name of a company and what the optimal standard of a directors’ liability for disclosing false information could be. The liability of the company itself is not the current article’s object of the research.

  1. Civil Liability for Failure to Train to Standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sample, John

    1989-01-01

    Reviews the legal concept of "failure to train to standard" from the context of law enforcement. Responsibility for training is discussed, case examples and examples of monetary judgments are given, and recommendations for preventing and limiting liability for failure to train to standard are presented. (16 references) (LRW)

  2. Impacts of Climate Change and of Anthropisation on Water Resources: from the Risk Assessment to Adaptation, the Case of the Seine Basin (including Paris, France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habets, F.; Viennot, P.; Thierion, C.; Vergnes, J. P.; Ait Kaci, A.; Caballero, Y.

    2015-12-01

    The Seine river, located in the temperate climate of northern France and flowing over a large sedimentary basins that hosts multilayer aquifers, is characterized by small temporal variations of its discharge. However, the presence of a megacity (Paris) and a wide area of intensive agriculture combined with climate change puts pressure on the water resources both in terms of quality and quantity. Previous research projects have estimated the impact of climate change on the water resource of the Seine basin, with the uncertainties associated to climate projections, hydrological models or downscaling methods. The water resource was projected to decrease by -14 % ± 10 % in 2050 and -28 +/-16% in 2100. This led to new studies that focus on the combined impact of climate change and adaptations. The tested adaptations are: a reduction of the groundwater abstractions, evolution of land use, development of small dams to « harvest water » or artificial recharge of aquifers. The communication of the results of these projects to stakeholders have led to the development on new indicators that better express the risk on the water resource management, especially for the groundwater. For instance maps of the evolution of piezometric head are difficult to interpret. To better express the risk evolution, a new indicator was defined: the evolution of the groundwater crisis duration, ie, the period when the charge of the aquifer is below the crisis piezometric level defined by the stakeholders. Such crisis piezometric levels are used to help defining the period when the groundwater abstraction should be reduced. Such maps are more efficient to communicate with water resources managers. This communication will focus on the results from the MEDDE Explore 2070 and ANR Oracle projects.

  3. On the Marital Tort Liability System Constructed Foundation%论我国夫妻侵权责任制度构造的根据

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾其银

    2011-01-01

    The marital tort liability presupposes the existence of infringements,the subjective requirements being intentional fault,rather than negligence.The civil liability consequences is undertaken by one party of the marriage to the other.Drawing on mature couples tort liability systems in extra-regional countries,this paper states the reality and necessity to improve our marital tort liability from three aspects which are the legal foundation,material foundation and social foundation.%夫妻侵权责任要求以夫妻侵权行为存在为前提,主观要求是过错中的故意,而非过失,侵害后果由婚姻一方向另一方承担民事责任。在借鉴域外国家成熟的夫妻侵权责任制度的法律规定后,结合我国国情,从法理基础、物质基础、社会基础三个方面论述构造我国夫妻侵权责任制度的现实性和必要性以完善法律体系。

  4. Bridging the Implementation of Nagoya-Kualalumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Yun Santoso

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Aside the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing, which is already ratified by Indonesian government with Law No. 11 Year 2013, the Nagoya–Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress (NKL Supplementary Protocol offers great benefits for “megabiodiversity” country like Indonesia. Despite the lack of awareness of this supplementary protocol, the need for ratifying is urge. This legal-normative research aims to seek the existing regulation in Indonesia to support the implementation of the Nagoya–Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress, and to explore the readiness of the national legal system on liability and redress for biodiversity. Based on the several existing regulation, Indonesia, to some extent has the readiness to implement the Nagoya–Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress. This finding should be supported with more intens discussion on the protocol.

  5. Parties at the convention of the United Nations on climatic change and second meeting of the parties to the Kyoto protocol; Parties a la convention-cadre des Nations-Unies sur les changements climatiques et seconde reunion des parties au Protocole de Kyoto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    Kenya hosted the second meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol in conjunction with the twelfth session of the conference of the Parties to the climatic change convention, in Nairobi from 6 to 17 November 2006. This document presents in a first part the key areas discussed at Nairobi; in a second part the international framework with the consequences of the Kyoto protocol implementation; and in the last part the demonstrable progresses of the France in the policy effects, tendencies concerning the greenhouse gases and the respect of the commitments. (A.L.B.)

  6. TEDxBrussels broadcast live at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni, TEDxCERN organiser

    2012-01-01

    In order to give you a taste of a TEDx event, the team of TEDxCERN will show the live webcast of TEDxBrussels at the CERN main restaurant on November 12th from 9 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. and from 2 p.m to 7 p.m.  Come and discover the event, in preparation for TEDxCERN, which will take place in May next year.     This year the theme for TEDxBrussels is Bits, Atoms, Neurons, Genes (BANG BANG). The digital world and the real world are interconnected like never before. You can send off online for a personal genome readout and control physical objects with your mind. Computer thinking is driving medicine, music and play. With brain-computer interfaces now used in nuclear power stations and bio hackers doing lab biology in their garages, BANG BANG is a concept whose time has come. BANG BANG means the evolving mesh of ideas and practices, a rich mix of citizens, scientists and culture. Among the speakers are Steve Wozniak, Mitch Altman, Neelie Kroes, Xavier Damman, Zoe Laughli...

  7. Study on the Third-party Low Temperature Logistics Operation under E-commerce Environment%电子商务环境下第三方冷链物流企业发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王想想; 王相海

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid development of information, so does the telecommerce, the advanced information and network technology was already applied to the logistic management, which greatly promote the development of logistic management. Under the big circumstances of ecommerce, Chinese cold chain food operation develops slowly with the biggest bottleneck of the undeveloped cold chain logist. This paper tells the advantages and disadvantages of the third part logist in the ecommerce environment, and the advantages of the third-part low temperature logistic. Based on the above discussion, it demonstrates the operation scheme of the third-part low temperature logistic.%院现如今信息高速发展的时代,电子商务发展迅速,先进的信息和网络技术已经应用到物流管理中,极大地促进了物流事业的发展。在电子商务大环境下,冷链食品运营发展速度慢,其最大的瓶颈是我国落后的冷链物流。本文首先阐述了电子商务环境下第三方物流的利弊,阐述了在电子商务环境下,第三方冷链物流发展的优势,基于以上的讨论,论证了第三方冷链物流运营方案。

  8. Influence of Online Retail Service Quality on Consumer's Risk Perception --The Moderated Effect of Third Party Logistics' Priming Information%网络零售企业服务质量对消费者感知风险的影响——第三方物流启动信息的调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何其帼; 廖文欣

    2012-01-01

    本研究通过实验检验了网络购物环境下,网络零售企业服务质量负向影响消费者。感知风险,以及网络零售企业服务质量和第三方物流启动信息交互影响消费者感知风险所呈现出的规律:对于服务质量高的网络零售企业,第三方物流正启动信息进一步降低消费者感知风险效果有限,第三方物流负启动信息则会显著提高消费者感知风险;而对于服务质量低的网络零售企业,第三方物流正启动信息降低消费者感知风险效果明显,第三方物流负启动信息进一步提高消费者感知风险则不显著。%In recent years, with the quick progress in Internet and the boom of E-Commerce, more and more internet users in China are accustomed to online shopping, which spawned a large number of online retail businesses. According to the existing researches, perceived risk is the main reason for restricting consumers' online shopping. Therefore, for the online retail enterprises among who the competition is growing homogeneous, improving the quality of service will reduce consumers' perceived risk and thus be an effective way to promote online shopping. However, previous researches rarely focused on the relationship between perceived risk and the quality of service in network environment. Besides, further researches showed that as the competition among online retailers grew homogeneous, the level of logistics distribution became an important factor that affected the competitiveness of online retail businesses while the concerns about logistical issues became one of the main factors that held back online shopping as well. For now, most of the domestic online retail enterprises outsource logistics distribution, which is their non-core business, to third-party logistics (TPL) companies and form strategic alliance with them. However, there are numerous thirdparty logistics companies that vary in service quality. The positive and

  9. Welcome to the party, but...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beutler, Larry E

    2014-12-01

    Laska, Gurman, and Wampold (2014, pp. 467-481) argue for the inclusion of common factors (CF) approaches to psychotherapy to be an alternative to empirically supported therapies when developing an evidence-based practice. Although we applaud their scholarship and the cogency of their arguments, we believe that they fall short of what is needed to define an optimal and effective therapy. Integration rather than amalgamation better captures the complexity of psychotherapy and adds to the explained variance. While CF dimensions certainly should be considered within the research definition of "psychotherapy," there are also important characteristics of the participants that are not captured in either the patient's diagnosis or the interventions that the therapist uses that affect outcome. We believe that the authors have inadvertently equated CFs with nonspecific ones and thus excluded a host of moderating variables in psychotherapy that produce specific and differential effects but which are not "nonspecific".

  10. [Basic features of medical liability].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niksić, Sasa

    2008-01-01

    Medical liability is one of the most important parts of law that regulates health services. Although there are different types of liability in the field of medicine (criminal responsibility, disciplinary proceedings) civil law liability holds central position. Civil law liability in medicine (medical liability) is probably more important than criminal responsibility and disciplinary proceedings because of the number of cases in comparison to the criminal responsibility and impact of the consequences in comparison to the disciplinary proceedings. Medical liability is governed by a (general) tort law. Therefore medical liability exists only if conditions for civil law liability are met. When considering medical liability it is necessary to emphasize that tortfeasor will not be liable only because victim sustained the damage, but if all conditions for liability are met. Medical liability will arise if actions of physician are not conducted lege artis or in a breach of the duty of care. In some cases of medical liability legal sources are directly applicable (informed consent). General tort law is also applicable on decisions in the respect of the damages.

  11. Third Conference on China-ASEAN People-to-People Friendship Organizations Held in Indonesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>The Third Conference on China-ASEAN People-to-People Friendship Organizations was held in Jakarta, capital of Indonesia, from June 2 to 4. About 100 representatives from Chinese and ASEAN people-to-people friendship

  12. Impact of the IFRS Adoption on Financial Assets and Liabilities. Empirical Evidence from Bucharest Stock Exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Carmen HUIAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to study the impact of the transition to IFRS on financial assets and liabilities reported by non-financial companies listed on the Bucharest Stock Exchange. It uses data from the individual financial statements for the comparative year 2011, prepared under both Romanian accounting standards (RAS and IFRS. Through a set of financial ratios involving information from balance sheet, income statement and cash flow statement, we study how the IFRS adoption affected financial assets and liabilities. We also test the empirical correlation between profitability (measured by ROE and financial assets/ liabilities before and after the transition to IFRS. We find that financial instruments are very little affected by the change in the accounting system. However, the association between ROE and financial assets/ liabilities is of greater intensity for the IFRS data.

  13. [Support provided by third parties and the reaction of close female caregivers in the care of elderly persons with loss of autonomy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demers, A; Lavoie, J P; Drapeau, A

    1992-01-01

    This article is about the relation between, on the one hand, support provided by third parties and, on the other, the burden and the depression experienced by the main female supporters who care for the elderly suffering from physical or cognitive problems. The authors examine the hypothesis that social support is not homogeneous across the board and that the different types of support are likely to have different effects on elders with adverse reactions to the caring process. Data originates from a study that was conducted in the Montréal area in 1990 with 159 female supporters living with an elder requiring care who requested support services from formal and informal networks. Hierarchical regression analyses show that the variables in connection with care dispensed by the network play a limited role in attempting to explain the depression and burden levels. Furthermore, these analyses confirm the hypothesis of the variables' narrow range of influence.

  14. The scientific contributions of British Plastic Surgeons to the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive, Brussels (1931-1938).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vrebos, J

    2001-01-01

    In 1931, Maurice Coelst, M.D. from Brussels started the publication of the first international journal of plastic surgery ever published: the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique (1931-1934), which eventually became the Revue de Chirurgie Structive (1935-1938). In 1936, he established the first European Society of Structive Surgery, which held its first congress in Brussels. Further congresses were held in London in 1937 and in Milan in 1938. It is the collaboration and the participation of British plastic surgeons in this Society, this journal, and these meetings that I want to stress, because I am firmly convinced that these documents fill a gap in the history of Plastic Surgery in Great Britain, since--as far as I know--no detailed information concerning this period was ever published in Plastic Surgery literature.

  15. From the Two-Party to the Dominant-Party System in Mozambique, 1994-2012: Framing Frelimo Party Dominance in Context

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.A. Nuvunga

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ This thesis examines the abrupt end of Mozambique’s vibrant two-party system, which, by the middle of the past decade, had developed into a dominant- party system, instead of institutionalizing, as was the case in other African third wave democracies. While, from the se

  16. 75 FR 28303 - Setco Automotive, Inc., Paris, TN; Notice of Revised Determination on Reconsideration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-20

    ... Notice of determination was published in the Federal Register on April 23, 2010 (FR 75 21358). The... Employment and Training Administration Setco Automotive, Inc., Paris, TN; Notice of Revised Determination on... reconsideration, I determine that workers of Setco Automotive, Inc., Paris, Tennessee meet the worker...

  17. 新形势下深入完善信访调解机制的思路与对策--以第三方介入为视阈%Countermeasures to Further Improve the Petition Mediation Mechanism under the New Situation:A Perspective of Third-party Intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴伟强; 彭江

    2014-01-01

    我国正处于经济社会多重转型的特殊时期,一些深层次的矛盾和问题逐渐凸显,信访工作形势日趋严峻。如何在新形势下实现信访调解工作新突破与创新,是摆在我们面前的现实课题与紧迫任务。信访调解机制中引入第三方介入来作为调节或解决信访纠纷的思路,其主要思想来源于莱斯特· M·萨拉蒙教授的第三方治理理论(the third-party government),现实中则来源于杭州市下城区信访工作引入第三方介入的实践探索。%At present , our country is in a transitional period of economy , politics and society .Many deep-seated problems are becoming prominent .Petition is facing unprecedented difficulties , and the situation is getting grim.Our urgent task is to make innovation and breakthrough in the mediation mechanism .Lester M.Salamon's third-party government theory provides us with ideas of third -party intervention in the mechanism of petition dis-pute settlement , and Xiacheng district in Hangzhou practices it in letter and visit .

  18. Criticality accident in uranium fuel processing plant. Efficacy of insurance and third party inspection system. Capability margins of insurance, in view of bitter experience at JCO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Izumi, Taiichiro [Songaihokenryoritsusanteikai (Japan)

    2000-08-01

    Among persons relating to safety engineering, most of them point out merit and demerit of safety theory in Japan since a long term before. Under national policy aiming at growth and expansion due to a policy under leading of government after war, running for about 50 years remained some strains containing a number of contradictions and absurdities in various fields. Here was described mainly on how to be done safety accident protection and inspection on a base of happenings incidentally seen at a chance of the criticality accident. Therefore, here were also established some viewpoints such as transferable risk, limit from insurance feature, genealogy of insurance, under-writing, and risk management, to mention effectiveness of the third party inspection with closed relationship with accident insurance. (G.K.)

  19. An SWOT analysis of Third Party Automobile Logistics Enterprises in China%我国第三方汽车物流企业SWOT分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑秀恋

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we analyzed the internal strength and weakness of the third party automobile logistics enterprises as well as the external opportunities and threats they faced, on the basis of which we suggested the strategies adoptable for third party automobile logistics enterprises in their development.%以战略管理中的重要工具SWOT矩阵为分析手段,对第三方汽车物流企业的内部优势、劣势以及它们所面临的外部机会和威胁进行了分析,并在此基础上建议性地提出第三方汽车物流企业应该采取的发展战略.

  20. Penasco Career Implementation Program. Third-Party Evaluation. Second-Year Report of Findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschner Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM.

    The Penasco School System's Career Education Program (PENCEP) in New Mexico is being evaluated over a three-year time span. Second-wave data collection (reported here) took place during the third semester of PENCEP's operation, midpoint in its development. A school site similar to Penasco but which has no formal, externally funded career education…

  1. Exploring the market for third-party-owned residential photovoltaic systems: insights from lease and power-purchase agreement contract structures and costs in California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, Carolyn; Steinberg, Daniel; Margolis, Robert

    2015-02-01

    Over the past several years, third-party-ownership (TPO) structures for residential photovoltaic (PV) systems have become the predominant ownership model in the US residential market. Under a TPO contract, the PV system host typically makes payments to the third-party owner of the system. Anecdotal evidence suggests that the total TPO contract payments made by the customer can differ significantly from payments in which the system host directly purchases the system. Furthermore, payments can vary depending on TPO contract structure. To date, a paucity of data on TPO contracts has precluded studies evaluating trends in TPO contract cost. This study relies on a sample of 1113 contracts for residential PV systems installed in 2010-2012 under the California Solar Initiative to evaluate how the timing of payments under a TPO contract impacts the ultimate cost of the system to the customer. Furthermore, we evaluate how the total cost of TPO systems to customers has changed through time, and the degree to which contract costs have tracked trends in the installed costs of a PV system. We find that the structure of the contract and the timing of the payments have financial implications for the customer: (1) power-purchase contracts, on average, cost more than leases, (2) no-money-down contracts are more costly than prepaid contracts, assuming a customer’s discount rate is lower than 17% and (3) contracts that include escalator clauses cost more, for both power-purchase agreements and leases, at most plausible discount rates. In addition, all contract costs exhibit a wide range, and do not parallel trends in installed costs over time.

  2. 77 FR 37433 - Conference of the Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-21

    ... scheduled to be held in Bangkok, Thailand, March 3- 15, 2013. With this notice, we describe proposed... August 20, 2012. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments pertaining to proposed resolutions, decisions, and... meeting. In our third CoP16-related Federal Register notice, published on April 11, 2012 (77 FR 21798),...

  3. Discuss the Third Party Logistics Enterprise Information Management of Our Country%论我国第三方物流企业信息管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈银凤; 马双

    2012-01-01

    随着电子商务日新月异的发展,第三方物流在中国也大规模地展开.并成为我国国民经济发展中一支重要的新生力量。但在中国,物流信息化是近些年才逐步发展起来的.大多数物流企业和IT厂商都还处于一个逐步摸索的阶段..其中,很多物流企业是从原来的交通运输企业或仓储企业转型而来,所以缺乏必要的管理信息系统和业务整合集成,很难适应网上电子商务对物流配送的要求,这已经成为制约我国第三方物流发展的主要瓶颈之一。就以此为思路,分析我国第三方物流的发展现状和面临的问题,并提出一些解决对策。%As electronic commerce changing with each passing day, the third party logistics in China also launches on a large scale, and becomes China's economic development in one of the most important new blood. But in China, the logistics information is only in recent years gradually developed, most logistics enterprise and IT companies are still in a gradually grope for stage. Among them, a lot of logistics enterprise transforming and coming from the former transportation enterprise or storage enterprise, and they are lack of necessary management information system and integrated business mostly, and hard to adapt to the online electronic commercial logistics and distribution of the requirements, which have become restriction of the third party logistics development of one of the main bottleneck. This paper in this way, analyzes the current situation of the development of the third party logistics, existing problems, and puts forward some solving countermeasures.

  4. Developing the Modern Third Party Logistics of Grain%大力发展现代粮食第三方物流

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈倬; 黄浩润

    2011-01-01

    粮食物流的效率直接关系粮食安全。我国粮食物流的现状及第三方物流的专业优势,决定着我国必须大力发展粮食第三方物流,这是我国实现粮食物流现代化、保障粮食安全的重要举措。%The efficiency of grain logistics is directly our grain logistics and the party logistics of grain. It is security. professional advantages an important measure to related to food security. As third party logistics, we realize the modernization of the present situation of must develop the third grain logistics and food

  5. Long-term damage to glass in Paris in a changing environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ionescu, Anda; Lefèvre, Roger-Alexandre; Brimblecombe, Peter; Grossi, Carlota M

    2012-08-01

    Glass weathering depends mainly on its chemical composition: Si-Ca-K mediaeval glass is low durable, while Si-Ca-Na Roman as well as modern glass are very durable. Mediaeval glass is subject to the superficial leaching of K and Ca ions leading to the formation of a hydrated silica-gel layer. Both types of glass develop a superficial stratum of deposited atmospheric particles cemented by crystals of gypsum (and syngenite in the case of Si-Ca-K glass), leading to an impairment of the optical properties: decrease of transparency and increase of haze. Dose-response functions established for the two types of glass reveal that haze depends only on pollution parameters (PM, SO(2), NO(2)), while leaching depends both on pollution and climate parameters (RH, T, SO(2), NO(2)). Instrumental records are available for temperature in Paris from 1800. Air pollution in Paris was estimated from statistics of fuel use from 1875 to 1943, measurements that started in the 1950s and projections across the 21st century. The estimated annual rate of haze development indicates a gradual rise from the 16th century. The increasing importance of coal as a fuel through the 19th century and enhanced sulphur dioxide concentration make a rapid increase in haze formation, which reaches a peak about 1950. The likely damage to mediaeval glass follows a rather similar pattern. The period of damage from aggressive pollutants looks later and for a briefer time in Paris than in London.

  6. Substratum, Adstratum, and Residual Bilingualism in Brussels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beardsmore, Hugo Baetens

    1983-01-01

    Discusses residual bilingualism as a means of identifying the nature, quantity, and distribution of Dutch-origin elements in the speech of different users of French in Brussels. Observations on code switching in a community of monoglots, bilinguals, and immigrants help provide a frame of reference for similar complex bilingual contexts elsewhere.…

  7. What Does It Mean to be Central? A Botanical Geography of Paris 1830-1848.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoquet, Thierry

    2016-02-01

    This paper focuses on the geography of the botanical community in Paris, under the July Monarchy (1830-1848). At that time, the Muséum d'Histoire naturelle (MHN) was at its institutional acme and, under the impulse of François Guizot, its budget was increasing dramatically. However, closer attention to manuscript sources (correspondence, travel diaries) reveals that the botanists of the time favoured other private institutions, located both on the Right and Left Banks of the Seine. The MHN was prestigious for its collections and professors but it was relatively remote from the centre of Paris, and its plant samples were sometimes difficult to access. Several other first-class private herbaria granted liberal access to botanists: those of Jacques Gay, Phillip Barker Webb, and Benjamin Delessert. Thanks to their wealth, these plant amateurs had ownership of historical herbaria consisting of species types alongside rich botanical libraries. Botanists visiting Paris from foreign countries or other provinces of France also spent some time studying less general plant collections, like those of Count Jaubert, or specialized collections, like Montagne's or Léveillé's on cryptogams. Other botanists also enjoyed renown at the time, although they published little, if anything (like Maire). Living in crammed apartments, literally in the middle of their plant samples, these botanists were key nodes in botanical networks, although they had no relation with the prestigious MHN.

  8. Swelling soils monitoring through PSI and DINSAR interferometry : Applications on eastern Paris surroundings (France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaveh, F.; Deffontaines, B.; Fruneau, B.; Cojean, R.; Audiguier, M.; Arnaud, A.; Duro, J.

    2009-04-01

    Swelling soils may induce small surface displacements under various climatic conditions, that may affect individual buildings. The aim of this work, funded by MAIF foundation (Insurance foundation), is to monitor those small seasonal-dependant displacements through DINSAR and persistent scatterer interferometric methods. The eastern paris basin is locally composed of outcropping Marne de Pantin and Argiles Vertes particularily sensible to swelling phenomena observed during for instance the last dryness event of 2003. Radar differential interferometry (DINSAR) method which enables one to map surface displacements from two radar images acquired on a specific area gives rather poor results and is not that efficient in the eastern Paris Basin highly due to the temporal decorrelation. On the contrary, interesting results are obtained with Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI) which reveal precisely the surface displacements, continuous in time. This new application of interferometry presents high potential to better understand the swelling soil natural hazards and the induced geologic processes.

  9. Key indicators to track current progress and future ambition of the Paris Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Glen P.; Andrew, Robbie M.; Canadell, Josep G.; Fuss, Sabine; Jackson, Robert B.; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Le Quéré, Corinne; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa

    2017-01-01

    Current emission pledges to the Paris Agreement appear insufficient to hold the global average temperature increase to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels. Yet, details are missing on how to track progress towards the `Paris goal', inform the five-yearly `global stocktake', and increase the ambition of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). We develop a nested structure of key indicators to track progress through time. Global emissions track aggregated progress, country-level decompositions track emerging trends that link directly to NDCs, and technology diffusion indicates future reductions. We find the recent slowdown in global emissions growth is due to reduced growth in coal use since 2011, primarily in China and secondarily in the United States. The slowdown is projected to continue in 2016, with global CO2 emissions from fossil fuels and industry similar to the 2015 level of 36 GtCO2. Explosive and policy-driven growth in wind and solar has contributed to the global emissions slowdown, but has been less important than economic factors and energy efficiency. We show that many key indicators are currently broadly consistent with emission scenarios that keep temperatures below 2 °C, but the continued lack of large-scale carbon capture and storage threatens 2030 targets and the longer-term Paris ambition of net-zero emissions.

  10. Paris on the Mekong: using the aid effectiveness agenda to support human resources for health in the Lao People's Democratic Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hill Peter S

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study examines the potential of aid effectiveness to positively influence human resources for health in developing countries, based on research carried out in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR. Efforts to make aid more effective – as articulated in the 2005 Paris Declaration and recently reiterated in the 2008 Accra Agenda for Action – are becoming an increasingly prominent part of the development agenda. A common criticism, though, is that these discussions have limited impact at sector level. Human resources for health are characterized by a rich and complex network of interactions and influences – both across government and the donor community. This complexity provides a good prism through which to assess the potential of the aid effectiveness agenda to support health development and, conversely, possibilities to extend the impact of aid-effectiveness approaches to sector level. Methods The research adopted a case study approach using mixed research methods. It draws on a quantitative analysis of human resources for health in the Lao People's Democratic Republic, supplementing this with a documentary and policy analysis. Qualitative methods, including key informant interviews and observation, were also used. Results The research revealed a number pathways through which aid effectiveness is promoting an integrated, holistic response to a range of human resources for health challenges, and has identified further opportunities for stronger linkages. The pathways include: (1 efforts to improve governance and accountability, which are often central to the aid effectiveness agenda, and can be used as an entry point for reforming workforce planning and regulation; (2 financial management reforms, typically linked to provision of budget support, that open the way for greater transparency and better management of health monies and, ultimately, higher salaries and revenues for health facilities; (3 commitments

  11. Parkin loss leads to PARIS-dependent declines in mitochondrial mass and respiration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Daniel A.; Lee, Yunjong; Kang, Ho Chul; Lee, Byoung Dae; Lee, Yun-Il; Bower, Aaron; Jiang, Haisong; Kang, Sung-Ung; Andrabi, Shaida A.; Dawson, Valina L.; Shin, Joo-Ho; Dawson, Ted M.

    2015-01-01

    Mutations in parkin lead to early-onset autosomal recessive Parkinson’s disease (PD) and inactivation of parkin is thought to contribute to sporadic PD. Adult knockout of parkin in the ventral midbrain of mice leads to an age-dependent loss of dopamine neurons that is dependent on the accumulation of parkin interacting substrate (PARIS), zinc finger protein 746 (ZNF746), and its transcriptional repression of PGC-1α. Here we show that adult knockout of parkin in mouse ventral midbrain leads to decreases in mitochondrial size, number, and protein markers consistent with a defect in mitochondrial biogenesis. This decrease in mitochondrial mass is prevented by short hairpin RNA knockdown of PARIS. PARIS overexpression in mouse ventral midbrain leads to decreases in mitochondrial number and protein markers and PGC-1α–dependent deficits in mitochondrial respiration. Taken together, these results suggest that parkin loss impairs mitochondrial biogenesis, leading to declining function of the mitochondrial pool and cell death. PMID:26324925

  12. Constructing the Dynamic Relief System of Environmental Tort Based on Environmental Liability Insurance%基于环境责任保险的动态环境侵权救济体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛丹

    2012-01-01

    Exploring the concept and features of environmental liability insurance and analyzing its environmental tort relief function lead to the conclusion: The transformation from corrective social justice to distributive justice is the prime reason for the promotion of the environmental liability insurance system; giving the third party the direct right to claim remedies is an important component of the environmental liability insurance system; and the establishment and development of the public compensation system is the necessary supplement of it. Based on this conclusion, in order to make sure that tort victims could get timely and effective relief, this paper constructed a dynamic system with environmental liability insurance as its core; the first layer is civil remedy, aiming at the torts, civil responsibility and the civil compensation; the second is the environmental liability insurance system, aiming at diffusing the polluters' liabilities for damages; and the third is the public compensation system, purporting to cover the victim's loss which won't be covered by the first or second layer. Facing the increasing environmental pollution in China, this system including three layers linkaging and supplementing with each other, opens a new environmental tort relief road for victims, companies and the government.%通过对环境责任保险的定义和特点的总结,以及对其环境侵权救济功能的探讨,得出结论:社会从矫正的正义观到分配的正义观的转变,是推动环境责任保险制度发展的根本原因;赋予第三人直接请求权是环境责任保险制度的重要组成部分;公共补偿制度的建立和发展是对环境责任保险制度的必要补充.在此结论的基础上,以环境侵权受害者能够得到及时有效的救济为出发点,构建了以环境责任保险制度为核心的动态侵权救济体系:民事救济作为第一层次,通过法律程序来确认侵权行为、责任主体以及赔偿额度等

  13. The third Party Logistics Enterprise Service Research in our Country%我国第三方物流企业服务质量问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛晶晶

    2011-01-01

    The third party logistics enterprise to provide the service, service quality is the key to the enterprise competition. At present, China's logistics industry development, so have not yet been fully in the third party logistics appear in the process of development of a lot of questions. This paper analyzes the third party logistics enterprise service quality, analyzes the current situation of the third party logistics problems in the development of, and put forward the corresponding countermeasures.%第三方物流企业提供的是服务,服务质量是企业竞争的关键。目前我国第三方物流企业服务质量存在一些问题,主要有:物流企业的技术装备水平落后,信息化程度较低,服务效率不高;服务功能单一,服务质量较差;缺乏高素质的物流服务人才和先进的服务理念。深入分析我国物流服务质量存在的问题,以便完善第三方物流企业服务质量,构建完整的配套物流服务体系,这对我国第三方物流企业今后的发展具有重要的现实意义。

  14. On liability mechanism of mis-registration of real property registration institutions%不动产登记机关登记错误的责任机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭庆勇; 谭玉

    2012-01-01

    For various reasons,the mis-registration of real property registration institution occurs frequently.Therefore,how to optimize the liability mechanism of mis-registration of real property is directly related to whether the right of parties concerned can be effectively remedied.It is believed that real property registration institution should bear administrative liability for mis-registration,started from the nature,liability basis and liability principle of real property registration activity,and combined with related regulation of current property law in China,which adopts fault liability principle.Based on it,the development venation of it is deduced from historical perspective,which believes that the fault liability principle will be transferred to principle of liability without fault,in order to maximize the protection of interest of victims.%由于各种原因,不动产登记机关登记错误时有发生。如何实现不动产登记错误的责任机制最优化,直接关系到相关当事人的权利能否得到有效救济。从不动产登记行为的性质、归责基础、归责原则出发,结合我国现行物权法相关规定,认为登记机关因错误登记应承担的是行政责任,采取过错原则。在此基础上,从历史发展的角度推断其发展脉络,认为其必将从过错原则转为无过错原则,从而最大化地保护受害人的利益。

  15. Evaluation of Firm Bond with Correlated Third Party Guarantee%考虑相关性的第三方担保价值的评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘易; 任学敏; 花虹

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the pricing model for firm bond with the correlated third party guarantee in structural approach, which considers that the guarantor may default due to the immediate future payment caused by the default of the secured party. With the proposed model, a terminal boundary-value problem of partial differential equation (PDE) is derived. A numerical analysis is made of the impacts of the firm asset, asset correlation, asset volatility and some other factors on the bond prices.%在结构化模型的框架下,考虑到担保公司与被担保公司之间存在相关性时,因预付担保债务而导致资不抵债而违约的情况,得到有相关性的第三方担保的公司债券价格所满足的偏微分方程终边值问题.利用数值计算分析了公司资产值、资产相关性、资产波动率、公司回收率和债券发行量等因素对于债券价格的影响.

  16. Climate Change Liability – Variations on Themes Across the Atlantic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utter, Robert

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent years the United States Supreme Court has delivered two significant rulings, Massachusetts v. EPA and AEP v. Connecticut, concerning regulating and limiting greenhouse gas emissions. Since federal climate change legislation has stalled in Congress, these two rulings are all the more significant in setting the stage for how greenhouse gas emissions are regulated in the United States. According to the rulings, greenhouse gas emissions are coveredby the Clean Air Act and thus fall under the regulatory jurisdiction of the Environmental Protection Agency. This in effect cancels the possibility for private enforcement of emission limits on greenhousegases under federal nuisance law. No similar groundbreaking recedents have been issued by the high courts in Finland. But in contrast with U.S law, it seems that greenhouse gas emissions wouldnot be covered by the Finnish Environmental Protection Act and thus a plaintiff could under Finnish nuisance law pursue an injunction case against an emitter of greenhouse gases. Likewise, a plaintiffcould file a claim for damages under the Finnish Act on Compensation for Environmental Damage. In practice, however, a plaintiff’s injunction case as well as tort liability case seems to be doomed forfailure under Finnish law. Requirements set by the burden of proof and causality, among others, mean that Finnish nuisance and tort law are far from being effective means of enforcement or redress in thecontext of climate change liability.

  17. The Development Strategy of Third Party Logistics Enterprises under the Information Environment in China%信息化环境下我国第三方物流企业发展策略的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佛赏

    2014-01-01

    本文通过研究信息化对我国第三方物流企业发展的影响,探讨信息化环境下我国第三方物流企业的发展中存在的多方面问题,并分析问题的成因与影响,旨在提出相应的解决方案,以促进我国第三方物流企业的健康和稳定发展。%Through the study on the influence of informatization to the development of the third party logistics enterprises in China, the paper discussed the problems exiting in the third party logistics enterprises under the information environment in our country, and analyzed the causes and effects of the problem, proposes the corresponding solutions, in order to promote the healthy and stable development of the third party logistics enterprises in China.

  18. Analysis of the Demand of Third Party Logistics and GDP in Liaoning Province%辽宁省第三方物流需求与GDP关系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李化

    2014-01-01

    Third party logistics industry has become an important factor in China’s economic development,as the main indexes of social and economic development of the gross domestic product (GDP) has a close relationship with each other to promote the development of logistics industry,this paper analysis the relationship between the third party logistics demand and GDP of Liaoning Province,carries on the forecast to the future years,the third party logistics in Liaoning province demand,provide the basic data for the study of countermeasures.%第三方物流产业已经成为影响中国经济发展的重要因素,作为社会经济发展主要指标的国内生产总值(GDP)与物流业的发展有着相互促进的密切关系,分析辽宁省第三方物流需求与GDP的关系,对未来年辽宁省第三方物流需求进行预测,为对策建议研究提供基础数据。

  19. 14 CFR 1266.104 - Cross-waiver of liability for launch agreements for science or space exploration activities...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... agreements for science or space exploration activities unrelated to the International Space Station. 1266.104... LIABILITY § 1266.104 Cross-waiver of liability for launch agreements for science or space exploration... cross-waiver of liability between the parties to agreements for NASA's science or space...

  20. The influence of expert testimony on legal decisions regarding the civil liability of doctors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KALLAS FILHO, Elias

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Nosocomial infection is notoriously one of the primary problems faced by healthcare insti-tutions and by professionals who work for them. This fact is demonstrated by the growing number of legal actions proposed in the legal system by patients and users of the health care system. Because of this scenario, the phenomenon of civil liability has arisen in cases of noso-comial infection. The legal implications of this phenomenon are varied and involve issues of the institutional environment and of professional conduct. Thus, the current study seeks to analyze the literature on the decisions taken by Brazilian courts regarding civil liability in cases of nosocomial infection. Conceptual aspects that define this healthcare problem are listed, as are the types of civil liability, the legal directives that guide conduct regarding this topic, and the decisions of Brazilian courts that consider civil liability in these cases. It was determined that the courts have been supported by the distinction between objective civil liability and subjective civil liability; additionally, it was determined that these courts are guided by the understanding of the existing service relationship between the institution or health care professional and the patient or user of the health care system.