WorldWideScience

Sample records for browsing

  1. Cooperative Mobile Web Browsing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perrucci, GP; Fitzek, FHP; Zhang, Qi;

    2009-01-01

    This paper advocates a novel approach for mobile web browsing based on cooperation among wireless devices within close proximity operating in a cellular environment. In the actual state of the art, mobile phones can access the web using different cellular technologies. However, the supported data......-range links can then be used for cooperative mobile web browsing. By implementing the cooperative web browsing on commercial mobile phones, it will be shown that better performance is achieved in terms of increased data rate and therefore reduced access times, resulting in a significantly enhanced web...

  2. Cooperative Mobile Web Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Q

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper advocates a novel approach for mobile web browsing based on cooperation among wireless devices within close proximity operating in a cellular environment. In the actual state of the art, mobile phones can access the web using different cellular technologies. However, the supported data rates are not sufficient to cope with the ever increasing traffic requirements resulting from advanced and rich content services. Extending the state of the art, higher data rates can only be achieved by increasing complexity, cost, and energy consumption of mobile phones. In contrast to the linear extension of current technology, we propose a novel architecture where mobile phones are grouped together in clusters, using a short-range communication such as Bluetooth, sharing, and accumulating their cellular capacity. The accumulated data rate resulting from collaborative interactions over short-range links can then be used for cooperative mobile web browsing. By implementing the cooperative web browsing on commercial mobile phones, it will be shown that better performance is achieved in terms of increased data rate and therefore reduced access times, resulting in a significantly enhanced web browsing user experience on mobile phones.

  3. Anonymous Web Browsing and Hosting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MANOJ KUMAR

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In today’s high tech environment every organization, individual computer users use internet for accessing web data. To maintain high confidentiality and security of the data secure web solutions are required. In this paper we described dedicated anonymous web browsing solutions which makes our browsing faster and secure. Web application which play important role for transferring our secret information including like email need more and more security concerns. This paper also describes that how we can choose safe web hosting solutions and what the main functions are which provides more security over server data. With the browser security network security is also important which can be implemented using cryptography solutions, VPN and by implementing firewalls on the network. Hackers always try to steal our identity and data, they track our activities using the network application software’s and do harmful activities. So in this paper we described that how we can monitor them from security purposes.

  4. Browsing Abstract Art by Appearance

    OpenAIRE

    Padilla, Stefano; Robb, David; Halley, Fraser; Chantler, Mike J.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we describe an innovative browsing system that improves on the navigation of a large set of objects which are either difficult to label or categorize. We use a two-stage process to obtain similarity information from humans, which then becomes the core of the system, this perceptual information is then used to create a resizable self-organizing map which comprises a matrix of image stacks that provides a fast, intuitive and highly visual navigation environment. We report the meth...

  5. Shrub control by browsing: Targeting adult plants

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silveira Pontes, Laíse; Magda, Danièle; Gleizes, Benoît; Agreil, Cyril

    2016-01-01

    Reconciling the well known benefits of shrubs for forage with environmental goals, whilst preventing their dominance, is a major challenge in rangeland management. Browsing may be an economical solution for shrubby rangelands as herbivore browsing has been shown to control juvenile shrub growth. Less convincing results have been obtained for adult plants, and long-term experiments are required to investigate the cumulative effects on adult plants. We therefore assessed the impact of different levels of browsing intensity on key demographic parameters for a major dominant shrub species (broom, Cytisus scoparius), focusing on adult plants. We assigned individual broom plants to one of three age classes: 3-5 years (young adults); 5-7 years (adults); and 7-9 years (mature adults). These plants were then left untouched or had 50% or 90% of their total edible stem biomass removed in simulated low-intensity and high-intensity browsing treatments, respectively. Morphological, survival and fecundity data were collected over a period of four years. Browsing affected the morphology of individual plants, promoting changes in subsequent regrowth, and decreasing seed production. The heavily browsed plants were 17% shorter, 32% narrower, and their twigs were 28% shorter. Light browsing seemed to control the growth of young adult plants more effectively than that of older plants. Reproductive output was considerably lower than for control plants after light browsing, and almost 100% lower after heavy browsing. High-intensity browsing had a major effect on survival causing high levels of plant mortality. We conclude that suitable browsing practices could be used to modify adult shrub demography in the management of shrub dominance and forage value.

  6. Secure Environment for Internet Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru Tudor Gavrilescu

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The Internet is used by a large proportion of the population, but unfortunately their education regarding the usage of the instruments available is poor, resulting in potential informational frauds, especially in the financial field.In this article I have approached a few simple problems, yet very important and frequently occurred, regarding the secure environment for Internet browsing, proposing solutions for each of them. The security methods are: anti-phishing; the prevention of SQL injection, through the verification of the data given as input in the Address Bar and in the password fields and blocking the access in case of a potential threat; a virtual keyboard for preventing the recording of the keys pressed (key loggers; the backup of the credentials in a local file and the encryption of it to prevent unauthorized access, the decryption of the data is made using a unique encryption key, owned by the user.

  7. Browse quality and the Kenai moose population

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report covers the browse quality and the Kenai moose population. The quality of moose forage on the north western Kenai Peninsula was evaluated by determining...

  8. Collaborative semantic web browsing with Magpie

    OpenAIRE

    Domingue, John; Dzbor, Martin; Motta, Enrico

    2004-01-01

    Web browsing is often a collaborative activity. Users involved in a joint information gathering exercise will wish to share knowledge about the web pages visited and the contents found. Magpie is a suite of tools supporting the interpretation of web pages and semantically enriched web browsing. By automatically associating an ontology-based semantic layer to web resources, Magpie allows relevant services to be invoked as well as remotely triggered within a standard web browser. In this paper ...

  9. Giraffe browsing in response to plant traits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahenya, Obeid; Ndjamba, Johannes Kambinda; Mathisen, Karen Marie; Skarpe, Christina

    2016-08-01

    Intake rates by large herbivores are governed by among other things plant traits. We used Masai giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi Matschie) as study animals, testing whether they as very large browsers would follow the Jarman-Bell principle and maximize intake rate while tolerating low forage quality. We worked in Arusha National Park, Tanzania. We investigated how intake rate was determined by bite mass and bite rate, and show that bite mass and bite rate were determined by plant characteristics, governed by inherent plant traits, plant traits acquired from previous years' browsing, and season. We predicted that; (1) bite mass would be larger in trees without spines than with (2) bite mass would be larger in the wet season than in the dry, (3) bite rate would be higher in spinescent trees than in non-spinescent, (4) bite rate and/or bite mass would increase with previous years' browsing, (5) bite mass, bite rate or browsing time per tree would be highest for high trees with large, although still available canopies. Visual observations were used to collect data on tree attributes, number of bites taken and time of browsing. Sample size was 132 observed giraffe. We found that bite mass was larger in spineless than in spinescent trees and was larger in the wet season than in the dry. Bite rate, but not bite mass, increased with increasing browsing in previous years and was highest on two to three meter high trees and in spinescent trees. Intake rate followed bite mass more than bite rate and was higher in spineless than in spinescent trees, higher in the wet season than in the dry, and tended to increase with tree height. Giraffe did not prioritize the highest intake rate, but browsed much on Acacias giving a high quality diet but a low intake rate.

  10. Mobile web browsing using the cloud

    CERN Document Server

    Zhao, Bo; Cao, Guohong

    2013-01-01

    This brief surveys existing techniques to address the problem of long delays and high power consumption for web browsing on smartphones, which can be due to the local computational limitation at the smartphone (e.g., running java scripts or flash objects) level. To address this issue, an architecture called Virtual-Machine based Proxy (VMP) is introduced, shifting the computing from smartphones to the VMP which may reside in the cloud. Mobile Web Browsing Using the Cloud illustrates the feasibility of deploying the proposed VMP system in 3G networks through a prototype using Xen virtual machin

  11. Multidimensional visualization and browsing for intelligence analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crow, V.; Pottier, M.; Thomas, J. [and others

    1994-09-01

    Visualization tools have been invaluable in the process of scientific discovery by providing researchers with insights gained through graphical tools and techniques. At PNL, the Multidimensional Visualization and Advanced Browsing (MVAB) project is extending visualization technology to the problems of intelligence analysis of textual documents by creating spatial representations of textual information. By representing an entire corpus of documents as points in a coordinate space of two or more dimensions, the tools developed by the MVAB team give the analyst the ability to quickly browse the entire document base and determine relationships among documents and publication patterns not readily discernible through traditional lexical means.

  12. Video browsing interfaces and applications: a review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoeffmann, Klaus; Hopfgartner, Frank; Marques, Oge; Boeszoermenyi, Laszlo; Jose, Joemon M.

    2010-01-01

    We present a comprehensive review of the state of the art in video browsing and retrieval systems, with special emphasis on interfaces and applications. There has been a significant increase in activity (e.g., storage, retrieval, and sharing) employing video data in the past decade, both for personal and professional use. The ever-growing amount of video content available for human consumption and the inherent characteristics of video data-which, if presented in its raw format, is rather unwieldy and costly-have become driving forces for the development of more effective solutions to present video contents and allow rich user interaction. As a result, there are many contemporary research efforts toward developing better video browsing solutions, which we summarize. We review more than 40 different video browsing and retrieval interfaces and classify them into three groups: applications that use video-player-like interaction, video retrieval applications, and browsing solutions based on video surrogates. For each category, we present a summary of existing work, highlight the technical aspects of each solution, and compare them against each other.

  13. Browsing the Internet: good-bye anonymity!

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2012-01-01

    Do you consider browsing the Internet to be your private business? When visiting random web-sites, how far do you assume you are anonymous? Would it matter to you that Google or Facebook can profile your browsing behaviour in order to better target you with advertisements? Did you notice that you already get targeted ads when you are logged on to Google or Facebook even if you are visiting completely different websites? If matters to you, note that browsing anonymously on the Internet is far from easy.   When you are connected to the Internet, you give away a variety of information: your PC’s IP address, some browser settings like language or screen size, and, probably, your login information. So how private is private? You might argue that your current IP address has been picked from a pool of addresses and therefore regularly changes, so it does not necessarily always pinpoint you. On the other hand, with the dawn of IPv6 there is no need any more for shared IP addresses as the...

  14. Shrub encroachment control by browsing: Targeting the right demographic process

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silveira Pontes, Laíse; Magda, Danièle; Jarry, Marc; Gleizes, Benoît; Agreil, Cyril

    2012-11-01

    Exploring key demographic parameters for establishment and growth of shrub populations enables us to identify the life stages or plant organs that browsers need to consume to effectively influence shrub population dynamics. However, there is a lack of concrete knowledge on how browsing can efficiently meet this goal. We therefore tested the impact of different levels of browsing intensity on a key demographic parameter (survival of juveniles) of a major colonizing shrub species (broom, Cytisus scoparius) in order to control population growth, and designed a browsing management strategy focused on this target stage. Three browsing intensities, representing pertinent management practices, were simulated on juveniles (2 years old) in a broom population. Juvenile broom plants were either left untouched (control treatment; n = 126) or had 50% or 90% of their total edible stem biomass removed for "light-intensity browsing" (n = 127) and "high-intensity browsing" (n = 77) treatments, respectively. Survival and fecundity data were collected over 6 years. Standard matrix modeling was used to analyze the impact of browsing on changes in population growth rate (λ), and the results were 6.34 (control), 2.26 (light browsing) and 0.85 (heavy browsing). Therefore, the natural expansion of broom populations may be slowed by light browsing or even reversed by heavy browsing (λ < 1). This multi-year survey confirms that focusing browsing on juveniles is an efficient strategy for controlling broom dominance. Shrub control strategies should therefore target early-growth-stage populations and repeat the browsing strategy at the same intensity over several years to achieve cumulative effects.

  15. Future View: Web Navigation based on Learning User's Browsing Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagino, Norikatsu; Yamada, Seiji

    In this paper, we propose a Future View system that assists user's usual Web browsing. The Future View will prefetch Web pages based on user's browsing strategies and present them to a user in order to assist Web browsing. To learn user's browsing strategy, the Future View uses two types of learning classifier systems: a content-based classifier system for contents change patterns and an action-based classifier system for user's action patterns. The results of learning is applied to crawling by Web robots, and the gathered Web pages are presented to a user through a Web browser interface. We experimentally show effectiveness of navigation using the Future View.

  16. Object browsing using the Internet Imaging Protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Martinez, K.; Perry, S.; Cupitt, J.

    2000-01-01

    This paper builds on the results from the Viseum project where we built an image server/client system to allow browsing of very large images. In the follow-on European ACOHIR project we built systems capable of acquiring colour calibrated high resolution views of objects from many positions. A Java viewer allows the user to closely examine objects in a similar way to Quicktime VR but with much higher resolution. The Internet Imaging Protocol is used to allow the viewer to request 64x64 pel ti...

  17. Social Browsing & Information Filtering in Social Media

    CERN Document Server

    Lerman, Kristina

    2007-01-01

    Social networks are a prominent feature of many social media sites, a new generation of Web sites that allow users to create and share content. Sites such as Digg, Flickr, and Del.icio.us allow users to designate others as "friends" or "contacts" and provide a single-click interface to track friends' activity. How are these social networks used? Unlike pure social networking sites (e.g., LinkedIn and Facebook), which allow users to articulate their online professional and personal relationships, social media sites are not, for the most part, aimed at helping users create or foster online relationships. Instead, we claim that social media users create social networks to express their tastes and interests, and use them to filter the vast stream of new submissions to find interesting content. Social networks, in fact, facilitate new ways of interacting with information: what we call social browsing. Through an extensive analysis of data from Digg and Flickr, we show that social browsing is one of the primary usa...

  18. Exploring the Concept of Browsing from the Literature Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shan-Ju L. Chang

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Browsing as a concept and an activity appears to be a fundamental part of human information behavior, which takes place in diverse contexts in our daily life. At the theoretical level, research on browsing can extend and develop theories of human information behavior. Practically, there could be suggestions for better organization and representation of information and material displayed as well as for effective information seeking and retrieval. This thesis attempts to explore the browsing phenomenon as it appears in the library and information science literature and end-user computing literature. Topics included for discussion are the definitions of the browsing concept, potential consequences, topology and influential factors of browsing as being identified from the literature analysis.[Article content in Chinese

  19. Hyperdatabase: A schema for browsing multiple databases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to insure effective information retrieval, a user may need to search multiple databases on multiple systems. Although front end systems have been developed to assist the user in accessing different systems, they access one retrieval system at a time and the search has to be repeated for each required database on each retrieval system. More importantly, the user interacts with the results as independent sessions. This paper models multiple bibliographic databases distributed over one or more retrieval systems as a hyperdatabase, i.e., a single virtual database. The hyperdatabase is viewed as a hypergraph in which each node represents a bibliographic item and the links among nodes represent relations among the items. In the response to a query, bibliographic items are extracted from the hyperdatabase and linked together to form a transient hypergraph. This hypergraph is transient in the sense that it is ''created'' in response to a query and only ''exists'' for the duration of the query session. A hypertext interface permits the user to browse the transient hypergraph in a nonlinear manner. The technology to implement a system based on this model is available now, consisting of powerful workstation, distributed processing, high-speed communications, and CD-ROMs. As the technology advances and costs decrease such systems should be generally available. (author). 13 refs, 5 figs

  20. MPEG-7 based video annotation and browsing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoeynck, Michael; Auweiler, Thorsten; Wellhausen, Jens

    2003-11-01

    The huge amount of multimedia data produced worldwide requires annotation in order to enable universal content access and to provide content-based search-and-retrieval functionalities. Since manual video annotation can be time consuming, automatic annotation systems are required. We review recent approaches to content-based indexing and annotation of videos for different kind of sports and describe our approach to automatic annotation of equestrian sports videos. We especially concentrate on MPEG-7 based feature extraction and content description, where we apply different visual descriptors for cut detection. Further, we extract the temporal positions of single obstacles on the course by analyzing MPEG-7 edge information. Having determined single shot positions as well as the visual highlights, the information is jointly stored with meta-textual information in an MPEG-7 description scheme. Based on this information, we generate content summaries which can be utilized in a user-interface in order to provide content-based access to the video stream, but further for media browsing on a streaming server.

  1. Jekyll or Hyde? Better browse securely

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2013-01-01

    Surfing the web is like walking through London in 1886. Usually you meet nice Dr Jekyll, interact with him and everything is fine. But at other times, at night, you might encounter the malicious Mr Hyde. He just wants your money and your secrets, and wants to take advantage of you.   As in the novel by Stevenson, good and bad web pages can be very close together. Most web pages exist to provide information or a service. But one click away, one Google page down, there are malicious web pages that aim to steal your password, infect your computer, or lull you into disclosing personal information.    So remember: “STOP - THINK - CLICK!” should be the standard when browsing the Internet. If you are presented with a link that looks strange or contains gibberish (like http://211.268.156.277/.PayPal/cgi-bin/wbscrcmd_login.php), just ignore it! It is always better to type simple, comprehensible web addresses like “www.paypal.com” than...

  2. Graphical Browsing of Email Data: A Usability Based Comparative Study

    OpenAIRE

    Dimitrios Rigas; Saad Alharbi

    2009-01-01

    Problem statement: With the rapid growth of the number of email messages and the diverse use of email, people have become overwhelmed by the large volumes of email archives. As a result, email tools that facilitate the browsing of email messages are highly required. This study described an empirical study that aimed to investigate whether the usability of email client can be improved by incorporating graphical visualization techniques to browse email data. Approach: Two email visualization ap...

  3. Silvicultural Attempts to Induce Browse Resistance in Conifer Seedlings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce A. Kimball

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A multiyear study was conducted to determine if soil amendment combined with topical application of elemental sulfur could be employed to reduce deer browse damage to four conifer species. Fertilizer and sulfur were applied to conifer seedlings at seven sites near Corvallis, OR. Growth and browse damage data were collected for all seedlings over a period of 17 months. Additionally, foliar concentrations of monoterpenes and simple carbohydrates were assessed in western redcedar (Thuja plicata seedlings over a period of three years. Fertilization and sulfur treatments had a moderate impact on growth and no influence on browse damage or the chemical responses. Over the course of the study, browse damage diminished while foliar monoterpene concentrations increased in redcedar. It appears that silvicultural manipulation via sulfur application and/or soil amendment cannot accelerate or alter the ontogenetical changes that may naturally defend seedlings against mammalian herbivores. In a brief trial with captive deer, redcedar browse resistance was influenced by seedling maturation, but not monoterpene content. Other maturation effects may yield significant browse protection to young seedlings.

  4. Does browsing reduce shrub survival and vigor following summer fires?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulbright, Timothy E.; Dacy, Emily C.; Drawe, D. Lynn

    2011-01-01

    Periodic fire is widely hypothesized to limit woody plant encroachment in semiarid grasslands. In southern Texas, however, most of the woody plants that have invaded grasslands during the past two centuries are resistant to fire. We hypothesized that browsing by Odocoileus virginianus increases mortality of palatable shrubs and reduces vigor of shrubs following fire. We randomly selected ten pairs of each of three shrub species -Condalia hookeri, Acacia farnesiana, and Celtis ehrenbergiana - in each of three locations before prescribed burns during summer 2001. Following burns, we used a wire fence to protect one shrub of each pair from browsing. We estimated intensity of O. virginianus browsing and number and height of sprouts 4, 12, 20, 30, 38, and 47 weeks post-fire. We determined shrub height, survival, and biomass one year post-fire. Averaged across species, browsing intensity on unfenced shrubs was greater (LS Means, P 0.05) one year post-burn. Browsing by O. virginianus at the intensity in our study does not increase mortality or reduce vigor of C. hookeri, A. farnesiana, and Condalia ehrenbergiana producing new growth following destruction of aboveground tissues by a single fire compared to shrubs that are not browsed following fire.

  5. Browsing and Visualization of Linked Environmental Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolaou, Charalampos; Kyzirakos, Kostis; Bereta, Konstantina; Dogani, Kallirroi; Koubarakis, Manolis

    2014-05-01

    Linked environmental data has started to appear on the Web as environmental researchers make use of technologies such as ontologies, RDF, and SPARQL. Many of these datasets have an important geospatial and temporal dimension. The same is true also for the Web of data that is being rapidly populated not only with geospatial information, but also with temporal information. As the real-world entities represented in linked geospatial datasets evolve over time, the datasets themselves get updated and both the spatial and the temporal dimension of data become significant for users. For example, in the Earth Observation and Environment domains, data is constantly produced by satellite sensors and is associated with metadata containing, among others, temporal attributes, such as the time that an image was acquired. In addition, the acquisitions are considered to be valid for specific periods of time, for example until they get updated by new acquisitions. Satellite acquisitions might be utilized in applications such as the CORINE Land Cover programme operated by the European Environment Agency that makes available as a cartographic product the land cover of European areas. Periodically CORINE publishes the changes in the land cover of these areas in the form of changesets. Tools for exploiting the abundance of geospatial information have also started to emerge. However, these tools are designed for browsing a single data source, while in addition they cannot represent the temporal dimension. This is for two reasons: a) the lack of an implementation of a data model and a query language with temporal features covering the various semantics associated with the representation of time (e.g., valid and user-defined), and b) the lack of a standard temporal extension of RDF that would allow practitioners to utilize when publishing RDF data. Recently, we presented the temporal features of the data model stRDF, the query language stSPARQL, and their implementation in the geospatial

  6. Seqcrawler: biological data indexing and browsing platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sallou Olivier

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Seqcrawler takes its roots in software like SRS or Lucegene. It provides an indexing platform to ease the search of data and meta-data in biological banks and it can scale to face the current flow of data. While many biological bank search tools are available on the Internet, mainly provided by large organizations to search their data, there is a lack of free and open source solutions to browse one’s own set of data with a flexible query system and able to scale from a single computer to a cloud system. A personal index platform will help labs and bioinformaticians to search their meta-data but also to build a larger information system with custom subsets of data. Results The software is scalable from a single computer to a cloud-based infrastructure. It has been successfully tested in a private cloud with 3 index shards (pieces of index hosting ~400 millions of sequence information (whole GenBank, UniProt, PDB and others for a total size of 600 GB in a fault tolerant architecture (high-availability. It has also been successfully integrated with software to add extra meta-data from blast results to enhance users’ result analysis. Conclusions Seqcrawler provides a complete open source search and store solution for labs or platforms needing to manage large amount of data/meta-data with a flexible and customizable web interface. All components (search engine, visualization and data storage, though independent, share a common and coherent data system that can be queried with a simple HTTP interface. The solution scales easily and can also provide a high availability infrastructure.

  7. Does pollination limit tolerance to browsing in Ipomopsis aggregata?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharaf, Katherine E; Price, Mary V

    2004-02-01

    Ungulate browsing of flowering stalks of the semelparous herb Ipomopsis aggregata leads to regrowth of lateral inflorescences, a response that has been reported to yield overcompensation in some cases (browsed plants with higher reproductive success than unbrowsed), but undercompensation in others. Little is known about the mechanisms that cause such variable tolerance to herbivory. We explored one possible mechanism--variation in effects of browsing on pollination--by clipping I. aggregata inflorescences to mimic browsing, observing subsequent visits by pollinators and nectar-robbers, and adding pollen by hand to flowers of some clipped and unclipped plants. Clipping reduced floral display size and increased inflorescence branching, but neither hummingbirds, the primary pollinators, nor nectar-robbing bumblebees showed any preference for unclipped versus clipped plants. Clipping delayed flowering; this shift in phenology caused clipped plants to miss the peak of hummingbird activity and to have lower per-flower visitation rates than unclipped controls in one year, but to have greater overlap with birds and higher visitation rates in the subsequent year. In three sites and 2 years, clipped plants exposed to natural pollination suffered extreme undercompensation, producing on average only 16% as many seeds as unclipped controls. This was not directly attributable to clipping effects on pollination, however, because clipped plants were unable to increase fecundity when provided with supplemental pollen by hand. Taken altogether, our results suggest that compensation was constrained less by indirect effects of browsing on pollination than by its direct impacts on resource availability and hence on the ability of plants to regrow lost inflorescence tissue and to fill seeds. Exploring the physiological and developmental processes involved in regrowth of inflorescences and provisioning of seeds is a promising future direction for research designed to understand variation

  8. The visual analysis of textual information: Browsing large document sets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, J.; Pennock, K.; Fiegel, T.; Wise, J.; Pottier, M.; Schur, A.; Crow, V. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Lantrip, D. [California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA (United States)

    1995-05-01

    Visualization tools have been invaluable in the process of scientific discovery by providing researchers with insights gained through graphical tools and techniques. At PNL, the Multidimensional Visualization and Advanced Browsing (MVAB) project is extending visualization technology to the problems of intelligence analysis of textual documents by creating spatial representations of textual information. By representing an entire corpus of documents as points in a coordinate space of two or more dimensions, the tools developed by the MVAB team give the analyst the ability to quickly browse the entire document base and determine relationships among documents and publication patterns not readily discernible through traditional lexical means.

  9. Formation of click-wrap and browse-wrap contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Kamantauskas, Povilas

    2014-01-01

    In a time of rapid development of technologies, new forms of contracting online emerge. Two of these are analyzed in this thesis: click-wrap agreements (where an offer is accepted by way of clicking on an icon “I agree”) and browse-wrap agreements (where the offeree supposedly accepts the offer by browsing on a website, while the terms to the contract are accessible through an inconspicuous hyperlink). Click-wrap agreements are formed, they are accepted in a manner recognized as binding an...

  10. A Web Browsing Tool for a Shared Computer Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodnar, George H.

    2007-01-01

    This paper provides a Microsoft .NET framework application that makes browsing the Internet in a shared computer environment convenient and secure. One simply opens the program, then points and clicks to both open Internet Explorer and have it move directly to the selected address. Addresses do not need to be manually entered or copied and pasted…

  11. Browsing through rapid-fire imaging: requirements and industry initiatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wittenburg, Kent; Chiyoda, Carlos; Heinrichs, Michael; Lanning, Tom

    1999-12-01

    It is well established that humans possess cognitive abilities to process images extremely rapidly. At GTE Laboratories we have been experimenting with Web-based browsing interfaces that take advantage of this human facility. We have prototyped a number of browsing applications in different domains that offer the advantages of high interactivity and visual engagement. Our hypothesis, confirmed by user evaluations and a pilot experiment, is that many users will be drawn to interfaces that provide rapid presentation of images for browsing tasks in many contexts, among them online shopping, multimedia title selection, and people directories. In this paper we present our application prototypes using a system called PolyNav and discuss the imaging requirements for applications like these. We also raise the suggestion that if the Web industry at large standardized on an XML for meta-content that included images, then the possibility exist that rapid-fire image browsing could become a standard part of the Web experience for content selection in a variety of domains.

  12. Efficient One-click Browsing of Large Trajectory Sets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Benjamin Bjerre; Andersen, Ove; Lewis-Kelham, Edwin;

    2014-01-01

    presents a novel query type called sheaf, where users can browse trajectory data sets using a single mouse click. Sheaves are very versatile and can be used for location-based advertising, travel-time analysis, intersection analysis, and reachability analysis (isochrones). A novel in-memory trajectory...

  13. The Costs of Web Advertisements while Mobile Browsing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brande, van den Jeffrey; Pras, Aiko

    2012-01-01

    Tablet PCs, iPads and mobile phones all include facilities to browse the mobile Internet. The costs of mobile Internet access may become extraordinary, however, when the data limit is exceeded or when the user is roaming abroad without a roaming data plan. Since users may see advertisements as unwan

  14. Browsing the Web for Shoosing a Touristic Destination

    OpenAIRE

    Dhouka Oueldoubey Habibeche; Imed Zaiem

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays, a new solution for choosing a tourism destination is to use Internet. In fact, this media gives us an opportunity to discover an unlimited number of offers due to the characteristics of website atmosphere. That’s why this paper aims to conceptualize a particular behavior on the net: E-Browsing.

  15. IOOS Data Portals and Uniform On-line Browse Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, M.; Currier, R. D.; Kobara, S.; Gayanilo, F.

    2015-12-01

    The Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System Regional Association (GCOOS-RA) is one of eleven Regional Associations organized under the NOAA-led U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) Program Office. Each of the RAs operate standards-based regional data portals designed to aggregate near real-time and historical observed data and modeled outputs from distributed providers and to offer these and derived products in standardized ways to a diverse set of users. The RA's portals are based on the IOOS Data and Communications Plan which describes the functional elements needed for an interoperable system. One of these elements is called "Uniform On-line Browse" which is an informational service designed primarily to visualize the inventory of a portal. An on-line browse service supports the end user's need to discover what parameters are available, to learn the spatial and temporal extend of the holdings, and to examine the character of the data (e.g, variability, gappiness, etc). These pieces of information help the end user decide if the data are fit for his/her purpose and to construct valid data requests. Note that on-line browse is a distinctly different activity than data analysis because it seeks to yield knowledge about the inventory and not about what the data mean. "Uniform" on-line browse is a service that takes advantage of the standardization of the data portal's data access points. Most portals represent station locations on a map. This is a view of the data inventory but these plots are rarely generated by pulling data through the standards-based services offered to the end users but through methods only available to the portal programmers. This work will present results of Uniform On-line browse tools developed within GCOOS-RA and their applicability to other RA portals.

  16. Similarity-based Browsing over Linked Open Data

    CERN Document Server

    Hickson, Michael; Tzitzikas, Yannis

    2011-01-01

    An increasing amount of data is published on the Web according to the Linked Open Data (LOD) principles. End users would like to browse these data in a flexible manner. In this paper we focus on similarity-based browsing and we introduce a novel method for computing the similarity between two entities of a given RDF/S graph. The distinctive characteristics of the proposed metric is that it is generic (it can be used to compare nodes of any kind), it takes into account the neighborhoods of the nodes, and it is configurable (with respect to the accuracy vs computational complexity tradeoff). We demonstrate the behavior of the metric using examples from an application over LOD. Finally, we generalize and elaborate on implementation approaches harmonized with the distributed nature of LOD which can be used for computing the most similar entities using neighborhood-based similarity metrics.

  17. Pattern recognition methods for querying and browsing technical documentation

    OpenAIRE

    Tombre, Karl; Lamiroy, Bart

    2008-01-01

    International audience Graphics recognition deals with the specific pattern recognition problems found in graphics-rich documents, typical technical documentation of all kinds. In this paper, we propose a short journey through 20 years of involvement and contributions within this scientific community, and explore more precisely a few interesting issues found when the problem is to browse, query and navigate in a large and complex set of technical documents.

  18. Graph-Based Methods for Discovery Browsing with Semantic Predications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilkowski, Bartlomiej; Fiszman, Marcelo; Miller, Christopher M; Hristovski, Dimitar; Arabandi, Sivaram; Rosemblat, Graciela; Rindflesch, Thomas C

    2011-01-01

    We present an extension to literature-based discovery that goes beyond making discoveries to a principled way of navigating through selected aspects of some biomedical domain. The method is a type of "discovery browsing" that guides the user through the research literature on a specified phenomen...... illustrated with depressive disorder and focuses on the interaction of inflammation, circadian phenomena, and the neurotransmitter norepinephrine. Insight provided may contribute to enhanced understanding of the pathophysiology, treatment, and prevention of this disorder....

  19. User centred evaluation of a recommendation based image browsing system

    OpenAIRE

    Leelanupab, T.; Hopfgartner, F.; Jose, J.M.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce a novel approach to recommend images by mining user interactions based on implicit feedback of user browsing. The underlying hypothesis is that the interaction implicitly indicates the interests of the users for meeting practical image retrieval tasks. The algorithm mines interaction data and also low-level content of the clicked images to choose diverse images by clustering heterogeneous features. A user-centred, task-oriented, comparative evaluation was undertake...

  20. Automated subject classification of textual web pages, for browsing

    OpenAIRE

    Golub, Koraljka

    2005-01-01

    With the exponential growth of the World Wide Web, automated subject classification of Web pages has become a major research issue in information and computer sciences. Organizing Web pages into a hierarchical structure for subject browsing is gaining more recognition as an important tool in information-seeking processes. In this thesis, different automated classification approaches, focusing on organizing textual Web pages into a browsable hierarchical structure, were critically examined...

  1. Supporting the active learning of collaborative database browsing techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Twidale, M. B.; Nichols, D. M.; J. A. Mariani; Rodden, T.; Sawyer, P.

    1995-01-01

    The proliferation of databases has led to a growing demand for skills in navigating and manipulating them. These skills are important not just in order to undertake study and research in Higher Education, but as an important transferable skill likely to be expected by industry and commerce of all graduates. We are developing a system that can more effectively support the browsing of library databases. In particular we are interested in developing an interface to support the process of collabo...

  2. Maximally Parallel Multiset-Rewriting Systems: Browsing the Configurations

    OpenAIRE

    Alhazov, Artiom; Research Group on Natural Computing (Universidad de Sevilla) (Coordinador)

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this research is to produce an algorithm for the software that would let a researcher to observe the evolution of maximally parallel multiset-rewriting systems with permitting and forbidding contexts, browsing the configuration space by following transitions like following hyperlinks in the World-Wide Web. The relationships of maximally parallel multiset-rewriting systems with other rewriting systems are investigated, such as Petri nets, different kinds of P systems, Li...

  3. Deciduous tree occurrence and large herbivore browsing in multiscale perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Cassing, Gunilla

    2009-01-01

    Aspen ( Populus tremula), rowan (Sorbus auquparia) and sallow (Salix caprea) are deciduous tree species of low economic value for forestry and contribute to biodiversity of boreal forests. The species are rare in managed forest landscapes, and severely browsed by moose. Their recruitment needs to increase to meet requirements of sustainable forestry to factors that affect occurrence need to be indentified. Paper I is an exploratory study on distribution of these species in relation to natural...

  4. Herbivory in a Mediterranean forest: browsing impact and plant compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Focardi, Stefano; Tinelli, Aleandro

    2005-11-01

    The compensatory response of plants to defoliation is likely to have important effects on plant-ungulate equilibria in forested ecosystems. We investigated the responses of six species of Mediterranean bushes to defoliation by wild ungulates, comparing an index of browsing impact with the productivity of plants in both open and exclusion plots. The data revealed a great diversity of plant responses to herbivory: Rubus ulmifolius was able to over-compensate and replace the lost tissues. Phillyrea latifolia exhibited a similar, albeit less evident, pattern, while Cistus salvifolius was severely damaged by browsing. Other species, such as Quercus ilex, Juncus acutus and Erica arborea, were not attacked to a large extent and suffered little or no harm. The results strongly suggest that Mediterranean ecosystems may tolerate large stocking rates of ungulates. However, the reduction of plant biomass due to browsing was very different in the six studied species, suggesting that when herbivory becomes severe the structure of the ecosystem will change with the more tolerant plants becoming more abundant. We can apply these results to improve management and conservation of relict coastal forests in the Mediterranean basin which are usually of small size and where decision-makers have to compromise between the conservation of plants and that of large mammals.

  5. White-Tailed Deer Browse Preferences in a Southern Bottomland Hardwood Forest

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors examined spring and summer use of browse by white-tailed deer in forest gaps created by group selection timber harvest at the SRS. Total percentage browse was low in both years, averaging 2.5% of the available browse. Six species were rated high use, 4 species as proportional use and 10 species as low use. Ratings were in agreement to others in the Southeast. Preferred species were maple, winged elm, greenbriar and black willow. Deer browse had very little impact on regeneration of most species

  6. Aspect-based video browsing - a user study

    OpenAIRE

    Hopfgartner, F.; Urruty, T.; Hannah, D.; Elliott, D.; Jose, J.M.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we present a user study on a novel video search interface based on the concept of aspect browsing. We aim to confirm whether automatically suggesting new aspects can increase the performance of an aspect-based browser. The proposed strategy is to assist the user in exploratory video search by actively suggesting new query terms and video shots. We use a clustering technique to identify potential aspects and use the results to propose suggestions to the user to help them in thei...

  7. Voice-controlled Internet Browsing for Motor-handicapped Users

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøndsted, Tom; Aaskoven, Erik

    2006-01-01

    The public-funded project "Indtal" ("Speak-it") has succeeded in developing a Danish voice-controlled utility for internet browsing targeting motor-handicapped users having difficulties using a standard keyboard and/or a standard mouse. The system has been designed and implemented in collaboration...... with an advisory board of motor-handicapped (potential) end-users and underlies a number of a priori defined design criteria: learnability and memorability rather than naturalness, minimal need for maintenance after release, support for "all" web standards (not just HTML conforming to certain...

  8. Situ8: browsing and capturing geolocated user-created content

    OpenAIRE

    FitzGerald, Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    The idea behind Situ8 is a simple one: enable learners to browse and/or create their own content that is geolocated, i.e. somehow related to a physical place in the “real world” (FitzGerald, 2012a). It was inspired by the popular mScape platform (Stenton et al., 2007), that enabled users to attach multimedia content to a map and deploy it through a mobile device, with such media being ‘triggered’ by a user’s geographical position, as measured by GPS (Global Positioning System) technology. How...

  9. Knowledge-based image data management - An expert front-end for the BROWSE facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoms, David M.; Star, Jeffrey L.; Estes, John E.

    1988-01-01

    An intelligent user interface being added to the NASA-sponsored BROWSE testbed facility is described. BROWSE is a prototype system designed to explore issues involved in locating image data in distributed archives and displaying low-resolution versions of that imagery at a local terminal. For prototyping, the initial application is the remote sensing of forest and range land.

  10. Eland browsing of Grewia occidentalis in semi-arid shrubland: the influence of bush clumps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.H. Watson

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Grewia occidentalis plants in the study area generally occurred in bush clumps with other shrub species. Grewia occidentalis commonly occurred with Diospyros austro-africana, Rhus longispina and Rhus pollens (nurse shrubs, but seldom with Acacia kar-roo and Lycium cinereum (non-nurse shrubs. Eland browsed G. occidentalis plants at higher levels than other shrub species, but browsing was not evenly spread across all plants. Grewia occidentalis plants associated with nurse shrubs had lower levels of browsing than those growing alone and those growing with non-nurse shrubs, while G. occidentalis plants in the centre of nurse shrubs experienced the lowest levels of browsing. The latter group of plants also produced the most fruit. Eland browsing is consid-ered an important factor determining the distribution of G. occidentalis plants in the study area, while the presence of nurse shrubs is considered essential for the establishment and maintenance of the G. occidentalis population in the study area.

  11. Analysis of Users Web Browsing Behavior Using Markov chain Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diwakar Shukla

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In present days of growing information technology, many browsers available for surfing and web mining. A user has option to use any of them at a time to mine out the desired website. Every browser has pre-defined level of popularity and reputation in the market. This paper considers the setup of only two browsers in a computer system and a user prefers to any one, if fails, switches to the other one .The behavior of user is modeled through Markov chain procedure and transition probabilities are calculated. The quitting to browsing is treated as a parameter of variation over the popularity. Graphical study is performed to explain the inter relationship between user behavior parameters and browser market popularity parameters. If rate of a company is lowest in terms of browser failure and lowest in terms of quitting probability then company enjoys better popularity and larger user proportion

  12. Open access to sequence: Browsing the Pichia pastoris genome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graf Alexandra

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The first genome sequences of the important yeast protein production host Pichia pastoris have been released into the public domain this spring. In order to provide the scientific community easy and versatile access to the sequence, two web-sites have been installed as a resource for genomic sequence, gene and protein information for P. pastoris: A GBrowse based genome browser was set up at http://www.pichiagenome.org and a genome portal with gene annotation and browsing functionality at http://bioinformatics.psb.ugent.be/webtools/bogas. Both websites are offering information on gene annotation and function, regulation and structure. In addition, a WiKi based platform allows all users to create additional information on genes, proteins, physiology and other items of P. pastoris research, so that the Pichia community can benefit from exchange of knowledge, data and materials.

  13. Browsing the fusion data in a Google map way

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text of publication follows. How to access the ITER data is still an open issue. Concepts from KSTAR(1), W7X(2), EAST(3), and DIIID(4) have been presented. In this paper, a new web application to browse the fusion data in a Google map way is demonstrated on HL-2A database. This dynamic and interactive web application can run in any popular browser(IE, safari, Firefox, Opera), by any hardware (smart phone, PC, ipad, Mac) and operating system (ios, android, windows, linux, Mac OS). No any plug-ins is needed. The details of the framework for this web application are presented. The framework consists of three layers. The front top client layer is developed by Jquery code. The middle layer, which plays a role of a bridge to connect the server and client is developed by PHP code. The behind server layer is developed by Matlab, which responses any command from the front top client, retrieves the data from the HL-2A database, analyses and processes the data, and finally, returns the data to the client in client's favorite way. The way to browse and retrieve the fusion data is well welcomed by many researchers who access fusion data from many other machines. This way may apply to other machines, and present useful idea to the way for accessing ITER data in the future. References: 1) Kim, E.N., Web-based (HTML5) Interactive Graphics for Fusion Research and Collaboration, O4-2, 8. IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research. June 20-24,2011, San Francisco, CA; 2)Davis, W.M., Easy Web Interfaces to IDL Code for NSTX Data Analysis Progress on Standardization and Automation in Software Development on W7X, P2-1. 8. IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research. June 20-24,2011, San Francisco, CA; 3) Yang, F., A Web Based MDSPLUS Data Analysis and Visualization System for EAST, P2-16. 8th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for

  14. Toward a New Algorithm for Hands Free Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murad Al-Rajab & Haifaa Kattan

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The role of the Internet in the life of everyone is becoming more and more important. People whousually use the internet are normal people with use of all physical parts of their body.Unfortunately, members of society who are physically handicapped do not get access to thismedium as they don’t have the ability to access the internet or use it.The Integrated Browser is a computer application that browses the internet and displaysinformation on screen. It targets handicapped users who have difficulties using a standardkeyboard and/or a standard mouse. In addition, this browser, unlike the conventional method,works by responding to voice commands.It is characterized as an economical and humanitarian approach because it is handicap-friendlyand is especially helpful to those who cannot use their hands. The Integrated Browser is a stateof-art technology that provides better and faster Internet experience. It is a program that willfacilitate and enhance learning of slow or/and handicapped learners

  15. RAPID INDUCTION OF MULTIPLE TAXONOMIES FOR ENHANCED FACETED TEXT BROWSING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawrence Muchemi 1

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present and compare two methodologies for rapidly inducing multiple subject-specific taxonomies from crawled data. The first method involves a sentence-level words co-occurrence frequency method for building the taxonomy, while the second involves the bootstrapping of a Word2Vec based algorithm with a directed crawler. We exploit the multilingual open-content directory of the World Wide Web, DMOZ1 to seed the crawl, and the domain name to direct the crawl. This domain corpus is then input to our algorithm that can automatically induce taxonomies. The induced taxonomies provide hierarchical semantic dimensions for the purposes of faceted browsing. As part of an ongoing personal semantics project, we applied the resulting taxonomies to personal social media data Twitter, Gmail, Facebook, Instagram, Flickr with an objective of enhancing an individual’s exploration of their personal information through faceted searching. We also perform a comprehensive corpus based evaluation of the algorithms based on many datasets drawn from the fields of medicine (diseases and leisure (hobbies and show that the induced taxonomies are of high quality.

  16. Leveraging Semantic Web Search and Browse Sessions for Multi-Turn Spoken Dialog Systems

    OpenAIRE

    WANG, LU; Heck, Larry; Hakkani-Tur, Dilek

    2016-01-01

    Training statistical dialog models in spoken dialog systems (SDS) requires large amounts of annotated data. The lack of scalable methods for data mining and annotation poses a significant hurdle for state-of-the-art statistical dialog managers. This paper presents an approach that directly leverage billions of web search and browse sessions to overcome this hurdle. The key insight is that task completion through web search and browse sessions is (a) predictable and (b) generalizes to spoken d...

  17. The Relation between the Consumer’s Knowledge and the Browsing Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Rym BOUZAABIA; Imene SALEM

    2010-01-01

    This research will focus on the study of the relation between the level of the consumer’s knowledge and the browsing behavior. An experimentation has been carried out in a real commercial context: A shop for sale of computers & accessories "Scoop", with 250 customers, shows that the behavior of browsing varies significantly according to the level of the consumer’s knowledge (high, moderate and low) and reaches its maximum with moderate-level knowledgeable individuals. Furthermore it emphasize...

  18. DOBBS: Towards a Comprehensive Dataset to Study the Browsing Behavior of Online Users

    OpenAIRE

    von der Weth, Christian; Hauswirth, Manfred

    2013-01-01

    The investigation of the browsing behavior of users provides useful information to optimize web site design, web browser design, search engines offerings, and online advertisement. This has been a topic of active research since the Web started and a large body of work exists. However, new online services as well as advances in Web and mobile technologies clearly changed the meaning behind "browsing the Web" and require a fresh look at the problem and research, specifically in respect to wheth...

  19. Ungulate browsing maintains shrub diversity in the absence of episodic disturbance in seasonally-arid conifer forest.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burak K Pekin

    Full Text Available Ungulates exert a strong influence on the composition and diversity of vegetation communities. However, little is known about how ungulate browsing pressure interacts with episodic disturbances such as fire and stand thinning. We assessed shrub responses to variable browsing pressure by cattle and elk in fuels treated (mechanical removal of fuels followed by prescribed burning and non-fuels treated forest sites in northeastern Oregon, US. Seven treatment paddocks were established at each site; three with cattle exclusion and low, moderate and high elk browsing pressure, three with elk exclusion and low, moderate and high cattle browsing pressure, and one with both cattle and elk exclusion. The height, cover and number of stems of each shrub species were recorded at multiple plots within each paddock at the time of establishment and six years later. Changes in shrub species composition over the six year period were explored using multivariate analyses. Generalized Linear Mixed Models were used to determine the effect of browsing pressure on the change in shrub diversity and evenness. Vegetation composition in un-browsed paddocks changed more strongly and in different trajectories than in browsed paddocks at sites that were not fuels treated. In fuels treated sites, changes in composition were minimal for un-browsed paddocks. Shrub diversity and evenness decreased strongly in un-browsed paddocks relative to paddocks with low, moderate and high browsing pressure at non-fuels treated sites, but not at fuels treated sites. These results suggest that in the combined absence of fire, mechanical thinning and ungulate browsing, shrub diversity is reduced due to increased dominance by certain shrub species which are otherwise suppressed by ungulates and/or fuels removal. Accordingly, ungulate browsing, even at low intensities, can be used to suppress dominant shrub species and maintain diversity in the absence of episodic disturbance events.

  20. Research on Browsing Behavior in the Libraries: An Empirical Analysis of Consequences, Success and Influences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shan-Ju L. Chang

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Browsing as an important part of human information behavior has been observed and investigated in the context of information seeking in the library in general and has assumed greater importance in human-machine interaction in particular. However, the nature and consequences of browsing are not well understood, and little is known of the success rate of such behavior.In this research, exploratory empirical case studies from three types of libraries were conducted, using questionnaires, observation logs, interviews, and computer search logs, to derive the empirical evidence to understand, from the user point of view, what are the consequences of browsing, what constitutes successful browsing, and what factors influence the extent of browsing. Content analysis and statistical analysis were conducted to analyze and synthesize the data. The research results show: (1 There are nine categories of the consequence of browsing, including accidental findings, modification of information need, found the desirable information, learning, feeling relaxation/recreational, information gathering, keeping updated, satisfying curiosity, and not finding what is needed. (2 Four factors that produce successful browsing: intention, the amount or quality of information, the utility of what is found, and help for solving problem or making judgment. (3 Three types of reasons for unsuccessful experience in browsing: not finding what one wanted, inadequate volume or quality of information, and not finding some things useful or interesting. (4 Three types of reasons for partial success: found the intended object but not happy with the quality or amount of information in it, not finding what one wanted but discovering new or potential useful information, not accomplish one purpose but achieve another one given multiple purposes. (5 The influential factors that affect the extent one engages in browsing include browser’s time, scheme of information organization, proximity to

  1. Design and Implementation of the Personalized Search Engine Based on the Improved Behavior of User Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Chao Li

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available An improved user profile based on the user browsing behavior is proposed in this study. In the user profile, the user browsing web pages behaviors, the level of interest to keywords, the user's short-term interest and long-term interest are overall taken into account. The improved user profile based on the user browsing behavior is embedded in the personalized search engine system. The basic framework and the basic functional modules of the system are described detailed in this study. A demonstration system of IUBPSES is developed in the .NET platform. The results of the simulation experiments indicate that the retrieval effects which use the IUBPSES based on the improved user profile for information search surpass the current mainstream search engines. The direction of improvement and further research is proposed in the finally.

  2. In-vitro screening of Kalahari browse species for rumen methane mitigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacobus Johannes Francois Theart

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The nutritional value of browse foliage from the Thorny Kalahari Dune Bush veld of South Africa is not characterized. Most of this browse species is rich in tannin, but still palatable, and is consumed by ruminants during the dry season, as well as having a role to play in mitigating enteric methane emission from ruminants. In this study, the rumen methane mitigation potential of 19 browse species foliage collected from the Thorny Kalahari Dune Bush veld, was analyzed in terms of chemical composition, in vitro fermentation, digestibility and methane production. In vitro gas and methane production and organic matter digestibility (IVOMD were determined by using rumen fluid collected, strained and anaerobically prepared. A semi-automated system was used to measure gas production (GP from each browse species by incubating 400 mg samples in a shaking incubator at 39 °C with or without inclusion of 400 mg of polyethylene glycol (PEG. Data for all the parameters collected were statistically analyzed using the SAS (9.0 general linear model (GLM procedure, and differences between foliage species were determined using Duncan’s multiple-range test. Acacia luederitziiand Monechma incanumshowed the best potential for decreasing methane production by up to 90 % after 48 h of incubation. The secondary components (mainly tannins of the browse species appeared to have a significant effect on volatile fatty acids (VFA, methane and gas production as judged by the comparison of samples incubated with or without PEG inclusion. The substantial amount of crude protein (CP content coupled with their anti-methanogenic effect during fermentation would make these browses a potential mitigation option for small scale farmers and pastoralists in sub-Sahara Africa. However, it is also very important that systematic and strategic supplementation in a mixed diet should be looked at as the way forward in terms of best utilization.

  3. Analysing Parallel and Passive Web Browsing Behavior and its Effects on Website Metrics

    OpenAIRE

    von der Weth, Christian; Hauswirth, Manfred

    2014-01-01

    Getting deeper insights into the online browsing behavior of Web users has been a major research topic since the advent of the WWW. It provides useful information to optimize website design, Web browser design, search engines offerings, and online advertisement. We argue that new technologies and new services continue to have significant effects on the way how people browse the Web. For example, listening to music clips on YouTube or to a radio station on Last.fm does not require users to sit...

  4. Browsing, Understanding, and Accessing Solar Irradiance Data via LISIRD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, A.; Lindholm, D. M.; Pankratz, C. K.

    2012-12-01

    just by integrating new data sets, but also by improving its data management and presentation. This means assigning unique identifiers to data sets and the granules that constitute them, which will support better identification and citation of our data sets. We will explore identification issues and solutions related to the dynamic generation of new data sets enabled by LaTiS. We are also improving the access to our metadata, including semantically enabling the site so that our data can be discovered, related concepts can be explored, our inventory can be browsed and searched, and our data understood well enough to be understood and used appropriately. This poster will describe the current state of LISIRD, provide details of the data sets it serves, demonstrate the role of the LaTiS middleware, discuss the assignment of unique identifiers to our data products, describe plans for integration of a semantically metadata database, and address other related aspects of serving spectral and other time series data.

  5. Manipulating sheep browsing levels on coyote willow (Salix exigua) with supplements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macronutrients and additives have been used to suppress or promote intake of upland tannin-containing browse species by livestock, but to our knowledge this technique has not been applied to sheep that feed on tannin-containing species in riparian areas. The objective of this study was to determine ...

  6. The Philosophy behind a (Danish) Voice-controlled Interface to Internet Browsing for motor-handicapped

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøndsted, Tom

    2005-01-01

    The public-funded project "Indtal" ("Speak-it") has succeeded in developing a Danish voice-controlled utility for internet browsing targeting motor-handicapped users having difficulties using a standard keyboard and/or a standard mouse. The system underlies a number of a priori defined design...

  7. DIVE into the Event-Based Browsing of Linked Historical Media

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    V. de Boer (Victor); J. Oomen (Johan); O. Inel (Oana); L. Aroyo (Lora); E. van Staveren (Elco); W. Helmich (Werner); D. de Beurs (Dennis)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractDIVE is a linked-data digital cultural heritage collection browser. It was developed to provide innovative access to heritage objects from heterogeneous collections, using historical events and narratives as the context for searching, browsing and presentating of individual and group of

  8. Change in Mesoherbivore Browsing Is Mediated by Elephant and Hillslope Position.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D D Georgette Lagendijk

    Full Text Available Elephant are considered major drivers of ecosystems, but their effects within small-scale landscape features and on other herbivores still remain unclear. Elephant impact on vegetation has been widely studied in areas where elephant have been present for many years. We therefore examined the combined effect of short-term elephant presence (< 4 years and hillslope position on tree species assemblages, resource availability, browsing intensity and soil properties. Short-term elephant presence did not affect woody species assemblages, but did affect height distribution, with greater sapling densities in elephant access areas. Overall tree and stem densities were also not affected by elephant. By contrast, slope position affected woody species assemblages, but not height distributions and densities. Variation in species assemblages was statistically best explained by levels of total cations, Zinc, sand and clay. Although elephant and mesoherbivore browsing intensities were unaffected by slope position, we found lower mesoherbivore browsing intensity on crests with high elephant browsing intensity. Thus, elephant appear to indirectly facilitate the survival of saplings, via the displacement of mesoherbivores, providing a window of opportunity for saplings to grow into taller trees. In the short-term, effects of elephant can be minor and in the opposite direction of expectation. In addition, such behavioural displacement promotes recruitment of saplings into larger height classes. The interaction between slope position and elephant effect found here is in contrast with other studies, and illustrates the importance of examining ecosystem complexity as a function of variation in species presence and topography. The absence of a direct effect of elephant on vegetation, but the presence of an effect on mesoherbivore browsing, is relevant for conservation areas especially where both herbivore groups are actively managed.

  9. Observing Strategies Used by Children When Selecting Books to Browse, Read or Borrow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syahranah A. Raqi

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper described 1. the investigation undertaken to trace the strategies used by children in selecting books to borrow, use or browse in two children’s public libraries, and 2. map the information seeking patterns adopted by the selected children. The sample comprised 43 children who used the Bayan Budiman Children’s Library, Petaling Jaya and the Kuala Lumpur Children’s Library. The children were randomly chosen, aged between 7 and 12 and comprised those who entered the library with the observed behaviour of selecting books to browse, use or borrow. Two stages were used to collect data; 1. observing the children’s behavior as they enter the library to the point when they pick up a book to browse, read or borrow for fifteen to twenty minutes and 2. interviewing those selected with a semi-structure questionnaire. Belkin, et al’s (1993 information search strategy (ISS dimensions were used to transcribe children’s browsing and selecting behavior. Based on the observations and interviews respondent’s behaviour was mapped to illustrate the children’s choosing process. The findings indicated that 1. browsing was the most popular method used when choosing a book combined with various strategies such as looking for a book by an author or series, finding a book by subjects, visually or physically scanning and recognizing the physical composition of the book; 2. children based their selection on the storyline, illustrations, cover designs and typography of the books; and 3. the searching behaviour is likely to be non-linear in nature. The majority of the children faced no problems in choosing or locating a book as most are regular visitors. A few indicated being overwhelmed by the library’s large collection or, face initial confusion before they started to browse and interact with resources. Children used visual cues rather from textual information when searching for books, inferring that children libraries need to be supported with

  10. Enabling Semantic Analysis of User Browsing Patterns in the Web of Data

    CERN Document Server

    Hoxha, Julia; Agarwal, Sudhir

    2012-01-01

    A useful step towards better interpretation and analysis of the usage patterns is to formalize the semantics of the resources that users are accessing in the Web. We focus on this problem and present an approach for the semantic formalization of usage logs, which lays the basis for eective techniques of querying expressive usage patterns. We also present a query answering approach, which is useful to nd in the logs expressive patterns of usage behavior via formulation of semantic and temporal-based constraints. We have processed over 30 thousand user browsing sessions extracted from usage logs of DBPedia and Semantic Web Dog Food. All these events are formalized semantically using respective domain ontologies and RDF representations of the Web resources being accessed. We show the eectiveness of our approach through experimental results, providing in this way an exploratory analysis of the way users browse theWeb of Data.

  11. Book Shelf virtual browse interface and searching for records with physical copies on CDS

    CERN Document Server

    Amanor, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    This project provided the opportunity to learn how the CERN Document Server functions by creating a local invenio instance. With the python programming language, a feature was implemented on CDS in conjunction with other developers. This feature makes it possible for CDS users to search for records using their shelf number and for records which have a physical copy attached to them. This was done by adding the fields 852__2, 852__h and 340__p, obtained from a bibicirculation module’s database table to the marc data of the records. Research was also done into ways of creating a virtual browsing system for CDS users to quickly browse through shelves of books while online.

  12. A Quaternary-Stage User Interest Model Based on User Browsing Behavior and Web Page Classification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zongli Jiang; Hang Su

    2012-01-01

    The key to personalized search engine lies in user model. Traditional personalized model results in that the search results of secondary search are partial to the long-term interests, besides, forgetting to the long-term interests disenables effective recollection of user interests. This paper presents a quaternary-stage user interest model based on user browsing behavior and web page classification, which consults the principles of cache and recycle bin in operating system, by setting up an illuminating text-stage and a recycle bin interest-stage in front and rear of the traditional interest model respectively to constitute the quaternary-stage user interest model. The model can better reflect the user interests, by using an adaptive natural weight and its calculation method, and by efficiently integrating user browsing behavior and web document content.

  13. Browsing and Querying in Online Documentation:A Study of User Interfaces and the Interaction Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertzum, Morten; Frøkjær, Erik

    1996-01-01

    retrieval, (3) boolean retrieval based on Venn diagrams, and (4) these three combined. Further, the modes of TeSS were compared to the use of printed manuals. The subjects observed were 87 computer science students who solved a number of information retrieval tasks in an area of computing new to them. In......A user interface study concerning the usage effectiveness of selected retrieval modes was conducted using an experimental text retrieval system, TeSS, giving access to online documentation of certain programming tools. Four modes of TeSS were compared: (1) browsing, (2) conventional boolean......SS, browsing is the fastest and the one causing fewest operational errors. On the same two variables, time and operational errors, the Venn diagram mode performs better than conventional boolean retrieval. The combined mode scores worst on the objective performance measures; nonetheless nearly all subjects...

  14. Testing Models of Consumer Search using Data on Web Browsing and Purchasing Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Babur De los Santos; Ali Hortacsu; Matthijs R. Wildenbeest

    2009-01-01

    Using a large data set on web browsing and purchasing behavior we test to what extent consumers are searching in accordance to various classical search models. We nd that the benchmark model of sequential search with a known distributions of prices can be rejected based on the recall patterns we observe in the data. Moreover, we show that even if consumers are initially unaware of the price distribution and have to learn the price distribution, observed search behavior for given consumers ove...

  15. Visual Browsing of Earth and Environmental Science Topics to Enhance Data Discovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebich Hespanha, S.; Adams, B.; Schildhauer, M.

    2013-12-01

    As Earth and environmental scientists gather more and more data at faster and faster rates, archiving, managing and providing efficient access to those data have become important challenges. Data repository efforts have made progress with the difficult task of collecting and curating data for the purposes of preservation, sharing, and reuse. However, because of incomplete metadata or lack of standardization in the way these data are described and indexed, it often remains difficult for researchers to identify data sets of potential value from a rapidly growing corpus. Here we describe a method that couples text mining (topic modeling using Latent Dirichlet Allocation, or LDA) of repository metadata records with Self-Organizing Map (SOM) visualizations to enable potential data users to browse thematically across a number of data repositories. Visual thematic browsing capabilities help minimize the chances that someone searching for data will miss relevant data sets due to a mismatch between the user's query and terms that appear in the object's metadata. To augment the value of this visual, metadata-driven browsing approach, we also performed these text mining and visualization procedures on a corpus of over 121,000 abstracts from top Earth and environmental science journals. We then use the resulting broader and richer ';map' of Earth and environmental science drawn from these abstracts to better contextualize the repository metadata for visual browsing purposes. Finally, we demonstrate how visualization of this corpus of primary literature can serve as an entry point for discovery of ';dark' or ';long-tail' data that have not yet been made accessible through data repositories or other data-sharing means.

  16. Spectral images browsing using principal component analysis and set partitioning in hierarchical tree

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Long; Zhao, Deping

    2011-12-01

    Spectral imaging technology have been used mostly in remote sensing, but have recently been extended to new area requiring high fidelity color reproductions like telemedicine, e-commerce, etc. These spectral imaging systems are important because they offer improved color reproduction quality not only for a standard observer under a particular illuminantion, but for any other individual exhibiting normal color vision capability under another illuminantion. A possibility for browsing of the archives is needed. In this paper, the authors present a new spectral image browsing architecture. The architecture for browsing is expressed as follow: (1) The spectral domain of the spectral image is reduced with the PCA transform. As a result of the PCA transform the eigenvectors and the eigenimages are obtained. (2) We quantize the eigenimages with the original bit depth of spectral image (e.g. if spectral image is originally 8bit, then quantize eigenimage to 8bit), and use 32bit floating numbers for the eigenvectors. (3) The first eigenimage is lossless compressed by JPEG-LS, the other eigenimages were lossy compressed by wavelet based SPIHT algorithm. For experimental evalution, the following measures were used. We used PSNR as the measurement for spectral accuracy. And for the evaluation of color reproducibility, ΔE was used.here standard D65 was used as a light source. To test the proposed method, we used FOREST and CORAL spectral image databases contrain 12 and 10 spectral images, respectively. The images were acquired in the range of 403-696nm. The size of the images were 128*128, the number of bands was 40 and the resolution was 8 bits per sample. Our experiments show the proposed compression method is suitable for browsing, i.e., for visual purpose.

  17. Testing Models of Consumer Search Using Data on Web Browsing Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Babur De los Santos; Ali Hortacsu; Matthijs R. Wildenbeest

    2009-01-01

    Using a large data set on consumers' web browsing and purchasing behavior we contrast various classical search models. We find that the benchmark model of sequential search with a known distributions of prices can be rejected based on the recall patterns we observe in the data. Moreover, we show that even if consumers are initially unaware of the price distribution and have to learn the price distribution, observed search behavior for given consumers over time is more consistent with non-sequ...

  18. Open access to sequence: Browsing the Pichia pastoris genome

    OpenAIRE

    Graf Alexandra; Lin Yao-Cheng; Rouzé Pierre; Callewaert Nico; Mattanovich Diethard; Redl Andreas; Tiels Petra; Gasser Brigitte; De Schutter Kristof

    2009-01-01

    Abstract The first genome sequences of the important yeast protein production host Pichia pastoris have been released into the public domain this spring. In order to provide the scientific community easy and versatile access to the sequence, two web-sites have been installed as a resource for genomic sequence, gene and protein information for P. pastoris: A GBrowse based genome browser was set up at http://www.pichiagenome.org and a genome portal with gene annotation and browsing functionalit...

  19. Impact of deer browsing on natural and artificial regeneration in floodplain forest

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Barančeková, Miroslava; Krojerová-Prokešová, Jarmila; Homolka, Miloslav

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 56, č. 4 (2007), s. 354-364. ISSN 0139-7893 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IBS6093003; GA MŠk LC06073 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : deer * floodplain forest * browsing intensity * nutrient content Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour Impact factor: 0.376, year: 2007 http://www.ivb.cz/folia/56/4/354-364_MS1342.pdf

  20. Search the Audio, Browse the Video—A Generic Paradigm for Video Collections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efrat Alon

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The amount of digital video being shot, captured, and stored is growing at a rate faster than ever before. The large amount of stored video is not penetrable without efficient video indexing, retrieval, and browsing technology. Most prior work in the field can be roughly categorized into two classes. One class is based on image processing techniques, often called content-based image and video retrieval, in which video frames are indexed and searched for visual content. The other class is based on spoken document retrieval, which relies on automatic speech recognition and text queries. Both approaches have major limitations. In the first approach, semantic queries pose a great challenge, while the second, speech-based approach, does not support efficient video browsing. This paper describes a system where speech is used for efficient searching and visual data for efficient browsing, a combination that takes advantage of both approaches. A fully automatic indexing and retrieval system has been developed and tested. Automated speech recognition and phonetic speech indexing support text-to-speech queries. New browsable views are generated from the original video. A special synchronized browser allows instantaneous, context-preserving switching from one view to another. The system was successfully used to produce searchable-browsable video proceedings for three local conferences.

  1. Mining Fuzzy Weighted Browsing Patterns from Time Duration and with Linguistic Thresholds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzung P. Hong

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available World-wide-web applications have grown very rapidly and have made a significant impact on computer systems. Among them, web browsing for useful information may be most commonly seen. Due to its tremendous amounts of use, efficient and effective web retrieval has become a very important research topic in this field. Techniques of web mining have thus been requested and developed to achieve this purpose. In this research, a new fuzzy weighted web-mining algorithm is proposed, which can process web-server logs to discover useful users’ browsing behaviors from the time durations of the paged browsed. Since the time durations are numeric, fuzzy concepts are used here to process them and to form linguistic terms. Besides, different web pages may have different importance. The importance of web pages are evaluated by managers as linguistic terms, which are then transformed and averaged as fuzzy sets of weights. Each linguistic term is then weighted by the importance for its page. Only the linguistic term with the maximum cardinality for a page is chosen in later mining processes, thus reducing the time complexity. The minimum support is set linguistic, which is more natural and understandable for human beings. An example is given to clearly illustrate the proposed approach.

  2. CensorSpoofer: Asymmetric Communication with IP Spoofing for Censorship-Resistant Web Browsing

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Qiyan; Nguyen, Giang T K; Houmansadr, Amir; Borisov, Nikita

    2012-01-01

    A key challenge in censorship-resistant web browsing is being able to direct legitimate users to redirection proxies while preventing censors, posing as insiders, from discovering their addresses and blocking them. We propose a new framework for censorship-resistant web browsing called {\\it CensorSpoofer} that addresses this challenge by exploiting the asymmetric nature of web browsing traffic and making use of IP spoofing. CensorSpoofer de-couples the upstream and downstream channels, using a low-bandwidth indirect channel for delivering outbound requests (URLs) and a high-bandwidth direct channel for downloading web content. The upstream channel hides the request contents using steganographic encoding within email or instant messages, whereas the downstream channel uses IP address spoofing so that the real address of the proxies is not revealed either to legitimate users or censors. We built a proof-of-concept prototype that uses encrypted VoIP for this downstream channel and demonstrated the feasibility of...

  3. ABC: software for interactive browsing of genomic multiple sequence alignment data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singaravelu Senthil AG

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Alignment and comparison of related genome sequences is a powerful method to identify regions likely to contain functional elements. Such analyses are data intensive, requiring the inclusion of genomic multiple sequence alignments, sequence annotations, and scores describing regional attributes of columns in the alignment. Visualization and browsing of results can be difficult, and there are currently limited software options for performing this task. Results The Application for Browsing Constraints (ABC is interactive Java software for intuitive and efficient exploration of multiple sequence alignments and data typically associated with alignments. It is used to move quickly from a summary view of the entire alignment via arbitrary levels of resolution to individual alignment columns. It allows for the simultaneous display of quantitative data, (e.g., sequence similarity or evolutionary rates and annotation data (e.g. the locations of genes, repeats, and constrained elements. It can be used to facilitate basic comparative sequence tasks, such as export of data in plain-text formats, visualization of phylogenetic trees, and generation of alignment summary graphics. Conclusions The ABC is a lightweight, stand-alone, and flexible graphical user interface for browsing genomic multiple sequence alignments of specific loci, up to hundreds of kilobases or a few megabases in length. It is coded in Java for cross-platform use and the program and source code are freely available under the General Public License. Documentation and a sample data set are also available http://mendel.stanford.edu/sidowlab/downloads.html.

  4. Short-term mangrove browsing by feral water buffalo: conflict between natural resources, wildlife and subsistence interests?

    OpenAIRE

    Dahdouh-Guebas, F.; Vrancken, D.; Ravishankar, T.; N. Koedam

    2006-01-01

    Management of the natural environment and its resources leads to conflicts between different stake-holders worldwide. Recently mangrove browsing by feral water buffalo in the East-Godavari Delta (India) has been considered a threat to the regeneration of mangroves by the local Forest Department, which led to conflicts between the authorities and local herds-men who have an ancient tradition involving feral water buffalo. The impact of browsing and grazing of mangroves by feral water buffalo w...

  5. The tissue micro-array data exchange specification: a web based experience browsing imported data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayers Leona W

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The AIDS and Cancer Specimen Resource (ACSR is an HIV/AIDS tissue bank consortium sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis (DCTD. The ACSR offers to approved researchers HIV infected biologic samples and uninfected control tissues including tissue cores in micro-arrays (TMA accompanied by de-identified clinical data. Researchers interested in the type and quality of TMA tissue cores and the associated clinical data need an efficient method for viewing available TMA materials. Because each of the tissue samples within a TMA has separate data including a core tissue digital image and clinical data, an organized, standard approach to producing, navigating and publishing such data is necessary. The Association for Pathology Informatics (API extensible mark-up language (XML TMA data exchange specification (TMA DES proposed in April 2003 provides a common format for TMA data. Exporting TMA data into the proposed format offers an opportunity to implement the API TMA DES. Using our public BrowseTMA tool, we created a web site that organizes and cross references TMA lists, digital "virtual slide" images, TMA DES export data, linked legends and clinical details for researchers. Microsoft Excel® and Microsoft Word® are used to convert tabular clinical data and produce an XML file in the TMA DES format. The BrowseTMA tool contains Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformation (XSLT scripts that convert XML data into Hyper-Text Mark-up Language (HTML web pages with hyperlinks automatically added to allow rapid navigation. Results Block lists, virtual slide images, legends, clinical details and exports have been placed on the ACSR web site for 14 blocks with 1623 cores of 2.0, 1.0 and 0.6 mm sizes. Our virtual microscope can be used to view and annotate these TMA images. Researchers can readily navigate from TMA block lists to TMA legends and to clinical details for a selected tissue core

  6. Advanced Techniques in Web Intelligence-2 Web User Browsing Behaviour and Preference Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Palade, Vasile; Jain, Lakhmi

    2013-01-01

    This research volume focuses on analyzing the web user browsing behaviour and preferences in traditional web-based environments, social  networks and web 2.0 applications,  by using advanced  techniques in data acquisition, data processing, pattern extraction and  cognitive science for modeling the human actions.  The book is directed to  graduate students, researchers/scientists and engineers  interested in updating their knowledge with the recent trends in web user analysis, for developing the next generation of web-based systems and applications.

  7. Supporting aspect-based video browsing - analysis of a user study

    OpenAIRE

    Urruty, T.; Hopfgartner, F.; Hannah, D.; Elliott, D.; Jose, J.M.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we present a novel video search interface based on the concept of aspect browsing. The proposed strategy is to assist the user in exploratory video search by actively suggesting new query terms and video shots. Our approach has the potential to narrow the "Semantic Gap" issue by allowing users to explore the data collection. First, we describe a clustering technique to identify potential aspects of a search. Then, we use the results to propose suggestions to the user to help th...

  8. Trends in feed supply of three browse species in a semi-arid environment of Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The feed supply trends of three important browse species, Anogeissus leiocarpus, Balanites aegyptiaca and Sclerocarya birrea was monitored in the Zamfara reserve of north-western Nigeria (6 deg. 45' - 7 deg. 10' E and 12 deg. 00' - 13 deg. 10'N), between peak period of production (September) and peak period of the dry season (April). 36 trees, 12 of each species were randomly selected and marked on a 3000 x 500 m transect. On each tree 12 twigs of one centimeter diameter thick were randomly selected and their leaves harvested and weighed fresh. After weighing, samples from each species were thoroughly mixed and 100 g sub samples were collected for oven drying and dry matter (DM) determination. This procedure was repeated at an interval of five weeks between 2002 and 2003. The experiment was laid as a Randomized Complete Block Design. Data were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA), where there were significant differences between treatment means, Duncan Multiple Range Test method was used for comparison. Results were presented of the DM production of the different browse species at the different time intervals. Anogeissus leiocarpus produced the highest (P < 0.001) amount of DM at all the periods, except in the month of March. Dry matter yield of the specie declined progressively from September (33.0 g) to March (9.0 g). Dry matter yield of Balanites aegyptiaca and Sclerocarya birrea was not consistent throughout the study period, however the former produced more yield (P < 0.001) than the latter (13.3 vs. 8.4 g, respectively). In the month of March, Sclerocarya birrea produced no leaves at all. On the overall, the mean DM yield of all the species was highest in November (23.3g) and lowest in March (6.3 g). The decline in the DM yield of all the species during this period could be due to physiological stress resulting from lack of moisture. It could also be due to competition of the grazing animals that switch from grazing to browsing during this period, which

  9. The transfer of fallout cesium-137 from browse to moose. Part 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We are investigating the transfer of fallout cesium-137 from soil to browse to moose (Alces alces) to wolf (Canis lupis) to promote our understanding of the movement of radionuclides through natural food chains. The first part of this study is concerned with moose food habits. Early winter food habits of moose from Hecla Island and Manitoba Game Hunting Area 26 in south central and south eastern Manitoba were studied. In 86 rumen samples, 25 food types were identified. Three methods of food habit determination were used: (1) percentage occurrence of food types, (2) subjective abundance scores and (3) percentage dry weight. All three methods yielded very similar results

  10. Coupling News Sentiment with Web Browsing Data Improves Prediction of Intra-Day Price Dynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranco, Gabriele; Bordino, Ilaria; Bormetti, Giacomo; Caldarelli, Guido; Lillo, Fabrizio; Treccani, Michele

    2016-01-01

    The new digital revolution of big data is deeply changing our capability of understanding society and forecasting the outcome of many social and economic systems. Unfortunately, information can be very heterogeneous in the importance, relevance, and surprise it conveys, affecting severely the predictive power of semantic and statistical methods. Here we show that the aggregation of web users' behavior can be elicited to overcome this problem in a hard to predict complex system, namely the financial market. Specifically, our in-sample analysis shows that the combined use of sentiment analysis of news and browsing activity of users of Yahoo! Finance greatly helps forecasting intra-day and daily price changes of a set of 100 highly capitalized US stocks traded in the period 2012-2013. Sentiment analysis or browsing activity when taken alone have very small or no predictive power. Conversely, when considering a news signal where in a given time interval we compute the average sentiment of the clicked news, weighted by the number of clicks, we show that for nearly 50% of the companies such signal Granger-causes hourly price returns. Our result indicates a "wisdom-of-the-crowd" effect that allows to exploit users' activity to identify and weigh properly the relevant and surprising news, enhancing considerably the forecasting power of the news sentiment. PMID:26808833

  11. Capture-time indexing paradigm, authoring tool, and browsing environment for digital broadcast video

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carreira, Michael; Casebolt, John E.; Desrosiers, Gerard; Little, Thomas D.

    1995-03-01

    Historically, Multimedia Video-on-Demand (VOD) systems have considered stream indexing as an authoring activity, decomposing monolithic streams containing no explicit indexing information. This paper suggests a scheme for 'up-front,' capture-time indexing of digital video streams, whereby the indexing information logically becomes part of the stream. This approach takes advantage of the sequential, temporal nature of capture and the knowledge of the stream recorder to empower further manipulation and playout of the stream. We explore the impact of capture-time indices, and implement a sample format in a Segment Definition File (SDF). The Video Broadcast Authoring Tool (VBAT) is the focus of our paper. Taking a video stream and an SDF as input, VBAT provides a means for authors to create, delete, modify and annotate segments of that stream. VBAT also integrates existing technology such as World-Wide Web's HTTP links and the Motion Picture Parser application. Creation of various-format stills for browsing is supported. VBAT provides for post-processing of the SDF to various playout environments; we implement and describe a postprocessor for World-Wide Web browsing and playout. Finally, we discuss VBAT's position in an integrated digital video broadcast environment and areas of future work.

  12. Java-based browsing, visualization and processing of heterogeneous medical data from remote repositories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masseroli, M; Bonacina, S; Pinciroli, F

    2004-01-01

    The actual development of distributed information technologies and Java programming enables employing them also in the medical arena to support the retrieval, integration and evaluation of heterogeneous data and multimodal images in a web browser environment. With this aim, we used them to implement a client-server architecture based on software agents. The client side is a Java applet running in a web browser and providing a friendly medical user interface to browse and visualize different patient and medical test data, integrating them properly. The server side manages secure connections and queries to heterogeneous remote databases and file systems containing patient personal and clinical data. Based on the Java Advanced Imaging API, processing and analysis tools were developed to support the evaluation of remotely retrieved bioimages through the quantification of their features in different regions of interest. The Java platform-independence allows the centralized management of the implemented prototype and its deployment to each site where an intranet or internet connection is available. Giving healthcare providers effective support for comprehensively browsing, visualizing and evaluating medical images and records located in different remote repositories, the developed prototype can represent an important aid in providing more efficient diagnoses and medical treatments. PMID:17270994

  13. Coupling News Sentiment with Web Browsing Data Improves Prediction of Intra-Day Price Dynamics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Ranco

    Full Text Available The new digital revolution of big data is deeply changing our capability of understanding society and forecasting the outcome of many social and economic systems. Unfortunately, information can be very heterogeneous in the importance, relevance, and surprise it conveys, affecting severely the predictive power of semantic and statistical methods. Here we show that the aggregation of web users' behavior can be elicited to overcome this problem in a hard to predict complex system, namely the financial market. Specifically, our in-sample analysis shows that the combined use of sentiment analysis of news and browsing activity of users of Yahoo! Finance greatly helps forecasting intra-day and daily price changes of a set of 100 highly capitalized US stocks traded in the period 2012-2013. Sentiment analysis or browsing activity when taken alone have very small or no predictive power. Conversely, when considering a news signal where in a given time interval we compute the average sentiment of the clicked news, weighted by the number of clicks, we show that for nearly 50% of the companies such signal Granger-causes hourly price returns. Our result indicates a "wisdom-of-the-crowd" effect that allows to exploit users' activity to identify and weigh properly the relevant and surprising news, enhancing considerably the forecasting power of the news sentiment.

  14. Scaling the effects of moose browsing on forage distribution, from the geometry of plant canopies to landscapes

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Jager, N. R.; Pastor, J.; Hodgson, A.L.

    2009-01-01

    Landscape heterogeneity influences large herbivores by altering their feeding rates, but as herbivores attempt to maximize feeding rates they also create spatial heterogeneity by altering plant growth. Herbivore feeding rates thus provide a quantitative link between the causes and consequences of spatial heterogeneity in herbivore-dominated ecosystems. The fractal geometry of plant canopies determines both the density and mass of twigs available to foraging herbivores. These properties determine a threshold distance between plants (d*) that distinguishes the mechanisms regulating herbivore intake rates. When d* is greater than the actual distance between plants (d), intake is regulated by the rate of food processing in the mouth. But when d* plants. Alterations to plant geometry due to past browsing could change the rate at which herbivores encounter and process bites of plant tissue, modify d* relative to d, and thus change intake rates and the distribution of mechanisms regulating it across landscapes. We measured changes in the geometry of aspen (Populus tremuloides) and balsam fir (Abies balsamea) saplings along gradients of moose browsing from 2001 to 2005 at Isle Royale National Park, Michigan, USA. For aspen saplings, fractal dimension of bite density, bite mass, and forage biomass responded quadratically to increasing moose browsing and were greatest at -3-4 g-g.m-2.yr"1 consumption. For balsam fir, in contrast, these same measures declined steadily with increasing moose browsing. The different responses of plant canopies to increased browsing altered d* around plants. In summer, d* > d for aspen saplings at all prior consumption levels. Food processing therefore regulated summer moose feeding rates across our landscapes. In winter, changes in bite mass due to past browsing were sufficient to cause d* plant canopies can determine intake rate at larger spatial scales by changing d* relative to d and, hence, which mechanisms determine intake rate, essentially

  15. Roe deer browsing effects on growth development of Turkey oak and chestnut coppices.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Cutini

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 14 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Over the last three decades wild ungulates populations in Italy increased to values ranging from 300% to 600%. As a consequence, in Italy as well as in other European countries, situations with high ungulate density and, then, negative effects on the stability and dynamics of ecosystems, are increasing frequently. Starting from these evidences we investigated the effects of roe deer population on the vegetative regeneration of two different broadleaved tree species: Turkey oak (Quercus cerris L. and chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill. coppice stands. In Alpe di Catenaia (Apennines – Central Italy, after coppicing in 2002, we chose six experimental areas where fenced (P and non-fenced (NP plots were established. Measurements were performed at the beginning of the study period and in winter 2008 in both P and NP plots. Diameter and    height of all sprouts were measured. Results showed a different impact of roe deer on the two species. After seven years chestnut did not show any significant browsing-related damage, while in Turkey oak heavy differences between protected and non-protected areas are present: in NP plots roe deer browsing has produced a significant reduction in basal area (58% and volume (57% compared to P plots. The results agree with previous studies and confirm: (a a selective browsing pressure on Turkey oak; (b the lasting effect of the early impact after clear cutting, visible even seven years after. Based on the findings, we discussed the need for an integrated management of forest vegetation and forest fauna which should define the density of ungulates not only according to the theoretical carrying capacity    of ecosystems, but also considering (i the preservation of the ecosystem overall functionality, (ii the forest structure development and (iii the forest management type. st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso

  16. Web-Browsing Competencies of Pre-Service Adult Facilitators: Implications for Curriculum Transformation and Distance Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theresa, Ofoegbu; Ugwu, Agboeze Matthias; Ihebuzoaju, Anyanwu Joy; Uche, Asogwa

    2013-01-01

    The study investigated the Web-browsing competencies of pre-service adult facilitators in the southeast geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Survey design was adopted for the study. The population consists of all pre-service adult facilitators in all the federal universities in the southeast geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Accidental sampling technique was…

  17. SCOPExplorer: a tool for browsing and analyzing structural classification of proteins (SCOP) data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Geon-Tae; Kim, Jin-Hong; Hwang, Eui-Yoon; Lee, Myung-Joon; Han, In-Seob

    2004-04-30

    We have developed a tool, named "SCOPExplorer", for browsing and analyzing SCOP information. SCOPExplorer 1) contains a tree-style viewer to display an overview of protein structure data, 2) is able to employ a variety of options to analyze SCOP data statistically, and 3) provides a function to link protein domains to protein data bank (PDB) resources. SCOPExplorer uses an XML-based structural document format, named "SCOPML", derived from the SCOP data. To evaluate SCOPExplorer, proteins containing more than 20 domains were analyzed. The Skp1-Skp2 protein complex and the Fab fragment of IgG2 contain the largest numbers of domains in the current eukaryotic SCOP database. These proteins are known to either bind to various proteins or generate diversity. This suggests that the more domains a protein has, the more interactions or more variability it will be capable of. (SCOPExplorer is available for download at http://scopexplorer.ulsan.ac.kr). PMID:15179055

  18. Context-Aware Browsing for Hyper-Local News Data (CABHLND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Yousef Ibrahim Daradkeh

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a new model for delivering hyper-local data to mobile subscribers. Our model uses any exiting or especially created Wi-Fi hot spot as presence sensor that can open access for some user-generated content. In our approach we can describe hyper local data as info snippets that are valid (relevant for mobile subscribers being at this moment nearby some Wi-Fi access point. And an appropriate mobile service (customized browser can discover that information to mobile users. Service builds on the fly dynamic web pages and lets mobile subscribers to browse hyper-local data only. As the possible use-cases we can mention for example delivering news and deals in malls, news feeds for office centers and campuses, Smart City projects, personal classifieds etc.

  19. A Web-Based System for Remote Data Browsing in HT-7 Tokamak

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng Ting; Luo Jiarong; Meng Yuedong; Wang Huazhong

    2005-01-01

    HT-7 is the first superconducting tokamak device for fusion research in China. Many experiments have been performed on the HT-7 tokamak since 1994 with numerous satisfactory results achieved in the fusion research field. As more and better communication is required with other fusion research laboratories, remote access to experimental data is becoming increasingly important in order to raise the degree of openness of experiments and to expand research results.The web-based remote data browsing system enables authorized users in geographically different locations to view and search for experimental data without having to install any utility software at their terminals. The three-tier software architecture and thin client technology are used to operate the system effectively. This paper describes the structure of the system and the realization of its functions, focusing on three main points: the communication between the participating tiers, the data structure of the system and the visualization of the raw data on web pages.

  20. Chemical composition and digestibility of some browse plant species collected from Algerian arid rangelands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boufennara, S.; Lopez, S.; Boussebouna, H.; Bodas, R.; Bouazza, L.

    2012-11-01

    Many wild browse and bush species are undervalued mainly because of insufficient knowledge about their potential feeding value. The objective was to evaluate some nutritional attributes of various Algerian browse and shub species (Atriplex halimus, Artemisia campestris, Artemisia herba-alba, Astragalus gombiformis, Calobota saharae, Retama raetam, Stipagrostis pungens, Lygeum spartum and Stipa tenacissima). Chemical composition, phenols and tannins concentration, in vitro digestibility, in vitro gas production kinetics and in vitro bio-assay for assessment of tannins using buffered rumen fluid, and in situ disappearence of the edible parts of the plants (leaves, thin twigs and flowers) were determined. In general, protein content in dicotyledon species was always greater than in monocotyledon grasses, these showing higher neutral and acid detergent fibre and lower lignin contents than dicots. The tannin concentrations varied considerably between species, but in general the plants investigated in this study had low tannin contents (except for Artemisia spp. and S. tenacissima). Monocots showed lower in vitro and in situ digestibilities, fermentation rate, cumulative gas production and extent of degradation than dicot species. The plants were clustered by principal components analysis in two groups: poor-quality grasses and the most digestible dicot species. Chemical composition (neutral detergent fibre and protein) and digestibility were the main influential variables determining the ranking. In conclusion, A. halimus, A. campestris, A. herba-alba and A. gombiformis can be considered of greater nutritional value than the highly fibrous and low digestible grasses (S. pungens, L. spartum and S. tenacissima) that should be considered emergency roughages. (Author) 46 refs.

  1. Self-medication with tannin-rich browse in goats infected with gastro-intestinal nematodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amit, M; Cohen, I; Marcovics, A; Muklada, H; Glasser, T A; Ungar, E D; Landau, S Y

    2013-12-01

    Primates self-medicate to alleviate symptoms caused by gastro-intestinal nematodes (GIN) by consuming plants that contain secondary compounds. Would goats display the same dietary acumen? Circumstantial evidence suggests they could: goats in Mediterranean rangelands containing a shrub - Pistacia lentiscus - with known anthelmintic properties consume significant amounts of the shrub, particularly in the fall when the probability of being infected with GIN is greatest, even though its tannins impair protein metabolism and deter herbivory. In order to test rigorously the self-medication hypothesis in goats, we conducted a controlled study using 21 GIN-infected and 23 non-infected goats exposed to browse foliage from P. lentiscus, another browse species - Phillyrea latifolia, or hay during the build-up of infection. GIN-infected goats showed clear symptoms of infection, which was alleviated by P. lentiscus foliage but ingesting P. lentiscus had a detrimental effect on protein metabolism in the absence of disease. When given a choice between P. lentiscus and hay, infected goats of the Mamber breed showed higher preference for P. lentiscus than non-infected counterparts, in particular if they had been exposed to Phillyrea latifolia before. This was not found in Damascus goats. Damascus goats, which exhibit higher propensity to consume P. lentiscus may use it as a drug prophylactically, whereas Mamber goats, which are more reluctant to ingest it, select P. lentiscus foliage therapeutically. These results hint at subtle trade-offs between the roles of P. lentiscus as a food, a toxin and a medicine. This is the first evidence of self-medication in goats under controlled conditions. Endorsing the concept of self-medication could greatly modify the current paradigm of veterinary parasitology whereby man decides when and how to treat GIN-infected animals, and result in transferring this decision to the animals themselves. PMID:24140164

  2. Contrasting responses of web-building spiders to deer browsing among habitats and feeding guilds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takada, Mayura; Baba, Yuki G; Yanagi, Yosuke; Terada, Saeko; Miyashita, Tadashi

    2008-08-01

    We examined web-building spider species richness and abundance in forests across a deer density gradient to determine the effects of sika deer browsing on spiders among habitats and feeding guilds. Deer decreased the abundance of web-building spiders in understory vegetation but increased their abundance in the litter layer. Deer seemed to affect web-building spiders in the understory vegetation by reducing the number of sites for webs because vegetation complexity was positively correlated with spider density and negatively correlated with deer density. In contrast, the presence of vegetation just above the litter layer decreased the spider density, and deer exerted a negative effect on this vegetation, possibly resulting in an indirect positive effect on spider density. The vegetation just above the litter layer may be unsuitable as a scaffold for building webs if it is too flexible to serve as a reliable web support, and may even hinder spiders from building webs on litter. Alternatively, the negative effect of this vegetation on spiders in the litter may be as a result of reduced local prey availability under the leaves because of the reduced accessibility of aerial insects. The response to deer browsing on web-building spiders that inhabit the understory vegetation varied with feeding guild. Deer tended to affect web-invading spiders, which inhabit the webs of other spiders and steal prey, more heavily than other web-building spiders, probably because of the accumulated effects of habitat fragmentation through the trophic levels. Thus, the treatment of a particular higher-order taxon as a homogeneous group could result in misleading conclusions about the effects of mammalian herbivores. PMID:18801259

  3. Object tracking and creation of linking information for distributed movie-based web-browsing system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiraiwa, Atsunobu; Fuse, Keisuke; Komatsu, Naohisa; Komiya, Kazumi; Ikeda, Hiroaki

    1998-12-01

    This paper proposes a new approach to automatically extract an accurate object from video streams. The new approach provides a useful tool creating linking information for a distributed movie-based Web-browsing system, and consists of a skip- labeling algorithm for feature-based segmentation, and a shrink-merge tracking algorithm for tracking an object. This skip-labeling algorithm can be used to segment an image into integrated regions of the same feature. The segmented regions belong to such a texture area as waves or forest. The shrink- merge tracking algorithm is executed, based on the time continuity of moving-objects, using morphological image processing, such as dilation and erosion. The dilation and erosion are repeatedly executed using the projection processing in which the object area in a next frame is derived from the object area in a current frame. The shrink-merge tracking algorithm can also project the area of a rotating- object in a current frame on the rotating-object containing the newly appearing regions in the next frame. The newly automated object extraction method works satisfactorily for the objects which move non-linearly within the video streams including MPEG and Motion JPEG, and works satisfactorily in approximately 450 frames, each with a full frame size of 704 X 480 pixels at video frame rate of 30 fps. This paper finally demonstrates that object-based linking information for a movie-based Web-browsing system contains information of objects obtained by the fully automated extraction from video- streams.

  4. ADF/ADC Web Tools for Browsing and Visualizing Astronomical Catalogs and NASA Astrophysics Mission Metadata

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaya, E.; Kargatis, V.; Blackwell, J.; Borne, K.; White, R. A.; Cheung, C.

    1998-05-01

    Several new web based services have been introduced this year by the Astrophysics Data Facility (ADF) at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. IMPReSS is a graphical interface to astrophysics databases that presents the user with the footprints of observations of space-based missions. It also aids astronomers in retrieving these data by sending requests to distributed data archives. The VIEWER is a reader of ADC astronomical catalogs and journal tables that allows subsetting of catalogs by column choices and range selection and provides database-like search capability within each table. With it, the user can easily find the table data most appropriate for their purposes and then download either the subset table or the original table. CATSEYE is a tool that plots output tables from the VIEWER (and soon AMASE), making exploring the datasets fast and easy. Having completed the basic functionality of these systems, we are enhancing the site to provide advanced functionality. These will include: market basket storage of tables and records of VIEWER output for IMPReSS and AstroBrowse queries, non-HTML table responses to AstroBrowse type queries, general column arithmetic, modularity to allow entrance into the sequence of web pages at any point, histogram plots, navigable maps, and overplotting of catalog objects on mission footprint maps. When completed, the ADF/ADC web facilities will provide astronomical tabled data and mission retrieval information in several hyperlinked environments geared for users at any level, from the school student to the typical astronomer to the expert datamining tools at state-of-the-art data centers.

  5. Feeding characteristics reveal functional distinctions among browsing herbivorous fishes on coral reefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Streit, Robert P.; Hoey, Andrew S.; Bellwood, David R.

    2015-12-01

    The removal of macroalgal biomass by fishes is a key process on coral reefs. Numerous studies have identified the fish species responsible for removing mature macroalgae, and have identified how this varies spatially, temporally, and among different algal types. None, however, have considered the behavioural and morphological traits of the browsing fishes and how this may influence the removal of macroalgal material. Using video observations of fish feeding on the brown macroalga Sargassum polycystum, we quantified the feeding behaviour and morphology of the four dominant browsing species on the Great Barrier Reef ( Kyphosus vaigiensis, Naso unicornis, Siganus canaliculatus, and Siganus doliatus). The greatest distinction between species was the algal material they targeted. K. vaigiensis and N. unicornis bit on the entire macroalgal thallus in approximately 90 % of bites. In contrast, Si. canaliculatus and Si. doliatus avoided biting the stalks, with 80-98 % of bites being on the macroalgal leaves only. This distinctive grouping into `entire thallus-biters' versus `leaf-biters' was not supported by size-standardized measures of biting morphology. Rather, species-specific adult body sizes, tooth shape, and feeding behaviour appear to underpin this functional distinction, with adults of the two larger fish species ( N. unicornis and K. vaigiensis) eating the entire macroalgal thallus, while the two smaller species ( Si. canaliculatus and Si. doliatus) bite only leaves. These findings caution against assumed homogeneity within this, and potentially other, functional groups on coral reefs. As functional redundancy within the macroalgal browsers is limited, the smaller `leaf-biting' species are unlikely to be able to compensate functionally for the loss of larger `entire thallus-biting' species.

  6. maxdLoad2 and maxdBrowse: standards-compliant tools for microarray experimental annotation, data management and dissemination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nashar Karim

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background maxdLoad2 is a relational database schema and Java® application for microarray experimental annotation and storage. It is compliant with all standards for microarray meta-data capture; including the specification of what data should be recorded, extensive use of standard ontologies and support for data exchange formats. The output from maxdLoad2 is of a form acceptable for submission to the ArrayExpress microarray repository at the European Bioinformatics Institute. maxdBrowse is a PHP web-application that makes contents of maxdLoad2 databases accessible via web-browser, the command-line and web-service environments. It thus acts as both a dissemination and data-mining tool. Results maxdLoad2 presents an easy-to-use interface to an underlying relational database and provides a full complement of facilities for browsing, searching and editing. There is a tree-based visualization of data connectivity and the ability to explore the links between any pair of data elements, irrespective of how many intermediate links lie between them. Its principle novel features are: • the flexibility of the meta-data that can be captured, • the tools provided for importing data from spreadsheets and other tabular representations, • the tools provided for the automatic creation of structured documents, • the ability to browse and access the data via web and web-services interfaces. Within maxdLoad2 it is very straightforward to customise the meta-data that is being captured or change the definitions of the meta-data. These meta-data definitions are stored within the database itself allowing client software to connect properly to a modified database without having to be specially configured. The meta-data definitions (configuration file can also be centralized allowing changes made in response to revisions of standards or terminologies to be propagated to clients without user intervention. maxdBrowse is hosted on a web-server and presents

  7. Impact of wildfires on browse availability in the semi-arid thornveld of South-eastern Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Mwembe

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed at investigating the impact of wild fires on browse availability on a thornveld vegetation woody plant community through its effects on woody plant structure and composition. Data was collected from four randomly selected paddocks at Mahiye a thornveld farm affected by annual wildfire outbreaks since 2000. A Point Centre Quarter technique on line transects was used to collect the data. Records taken from the nearest woody plant (≥ 0.3 m in each quarter was the woody species name, circumference at 30 cm height from the ground and distance from the point to that woody plant. Fifteen woody plant species were present in the study area with Acacia species being the most dominant. Out of the six hundred woody plants sampled, Acacia nilotica contributed 65%, Acacia karoo 10.8% and Acacia robusta 10.7% with the remainder contributed by the other twelve woody plants. A Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test could not find provides sufficient evidence that the woody plant community structure was homogenous. The height and the diameter structure had a significant variation (P < 0.05 due to the presence of tall and large woody plants (height < 6m and diameter < 12 cm within the community. Nevertheless, the Lorenz curves depicted less inequality in the height and diameter distribution within the farm (Gini coefficient 0.242 and 0.266 respectively indicating dominance of a cohort. More than 75% of the recorded stems are greater than 2.4 m high and had a diameter of greater than 8 cm. According to the results, the plant community had high quality browse species but the dominant size compromised accessibility of the browse. Therefore, frequent wildfires reduce browse availability in thornveld rangelands. Further research is required to unveil the amount of unavailable browse.

  8. Effectiveness of fencing and hunting to control Lama guanicoe browsing damage: Implications for Nothofagus pumilio regeneration in harvested forests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez Pastur, Guillermo; Soler, Rosina; Ivancich, Horacio; Lencinas, María V; Bahamonde, Héctor; Peri, Pablo L

    2016-03-01

    Browsing damage by native ungulates is often to be considered one of the reasons of regeneration failure in Nothofagus pumilio silvicultural systems. Fencing and hunting in forests at regeneration phase have been proposed to mitigate browsing effects. This study aims to determine effectiveness of these control methods in harvested forests, evaluating browsing damage over regeneration, as well as climate-related constraints (freezing or desiccation). Forest structure and regeneration plots were established in two exclosures against native ungulates (Lama guanicoe) by wire fences in the Chilean portion of Tierra del Fuego island, where tree regeneration density, growth, abiotic damage and quality (multi-stems and base/stem deformation) were assessed. Exclosures did not influence regeneration density (at the initial stage with 1.3 m high). However, sapling height at 10-years old was significantly lower outside (40-50 cm high) than inside exclosures (80-100 cm), and also increased their annual height growth, probably as a hunting effect. Likewise, quality was better inside exclosures. Alongside browsing, abiotic conditions negatively influenced sapling quality in the regeneration phase (20%-28% of all seedlings), but greatly to taller plants (as those from inside exclosure). This highlights the importance of considering climatic factors when analysing browsing effects. For best results, control of guanaco in recently harvested areas by fencing should be applied in combination with a reduction of guanaco density through continuous hunting. The benefits of mitigation actions (fencing and hunting) on regeneration growth may shorten the regeneration phase period in shelterwood cutting forests (30-50% less time), but incremental costs must be analysed in the framework of management planning by means of long-term studies. PMID:26708647

  9. Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS) - Rapidly Serving NASA Imagery for Applications and Science Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmaltz, J. E.; Ilavajhala, S.; Plesea, L.; Hall, J. R.; Boller, R. A.; Chang, G.; Sadaqathullah, S.; Kim, R.; Murphy, K. J.; Thompson, C. K.

    2012-12-01

    Expedited processing of imagery from NASA satellites for near-real time use by non-science applications users has a long history, especially since the beginning of the Terra and Aqua missions. Several years ago, the Land Atmosphere Near-real-time Capability for EOS (LANCE) was created to greatly expand the range of near-real time data products from a variety of Earth Observing System (EOS) instruments. NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) began exploring methods to distribute these data as imagery in an intuitive, geo-referenced format, which would be available within three hours of acquisition. Toward this end, EOSDIS has developed the Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS, http://earthdata.nasa.gov/gibs) to provide highly responsive, scalable, and expandable imagery services. The baseline technology chosen for GIBS was a Tiled Web Mapping Service (TWMS) developed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Using this, global images and mosaics are divided into tiles with fixed bounding boxes for a pyramid of fixed resolutions. Initially, the satellite imagery is created at the existing data systems for each sensor, ensuring the oversight of those most knowledgeable about the science. There, the satellite data is geolocated and converted to an image format such as JPEG, TIFF, or PNG. The GIBS ingest server retrieves imagery from the various data systems and converts them into image tiles, which are stored in a highly-optimized raster format named Meta Raster Format (MRF). The image tiles are then served to users via HTTP by means of an Apache module. Services are available for the entire globe (lat-long projection) and for both polar regions (polar stereographic projection). Requests to the services can be made with the non-standard, but widely known, TWMS format or via the well-known OGC Web Map Tile Service (WMTS) standard format. Standard OGC Web Map Service (WMS) access to the GIBS server is also available. In addition, users may request a

  10. 2004 progress report : Effects of ungulate browsing on post-fire recovery of riparian cottonwoods : Implications for management of riparian forests, Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge, Wyoming

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Browsing pressure by ungulates may limit natural establishment of native cottonwood and willow stands, and fires, which have become more frequent on riparian lands...

  11. Your browsing behavior for a Big Mac: Economics of Personal Information Online

    CERN Document Server

    Carrascal, Juan Pablo; Erramilli, Vijay; Cherubini, Mauro; de Oliveira, Rodrigo

    2011-01-01

    Most online services (Google, Facebook etc.) operate by providing a service to users for free, and in return they collect and monetize personal information (PI) of the users. This operational model is inherently economic, as the "good" being traded and monetized is PI. This model is coming under increased scrutiny as online services are moving to capture more PI of users, raising serious privacy concerns. However, little is known on how users valuate different types of PI while being online, as well as the perceptions of users with regards to exploitation of their PI by online service providers. In this paper, we study how users valuate different types of PI while being online, while capturing the context by relying on Experience Sampling. We were able to extract the monetary value that 168 participants put on different pieces of PI. We find that users value their PI related to their offline identities more (3 times) than their browsing behavior. Users also value information pertaining to financial transactio...

  12. Fire drives transcontinental variation in tree birch defense against browsing by snowshoe hares.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, John P; Clausen, Thomas P; Swihart, Robert K; Landhäusser, Simon M; Stevens, Michael T; Hawkins, Christopher D B; Carrière, Suzanne; Kirilenko, Andrei P; Veitch, Alasdair M; Popko, Richard A; Cleland, David T; Williams, Joseph H; Jakubas, Walter J; Carlson, Michael R; Bodony, Karin Lehmkuhl; Cebrian, Merben; Paragi, Thomas F; Picone, Peter M; Moore, Jeffrey E; Packee, Edmond C; Malone, Thomas

    2009-07-01

    Fire has been the dominant disturbance in boreal America since the Pleistocene, resulting in a spatial mosaic in which the most fire occurs in the continental northwest. Spatial variation in snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus) density reflects the fire mosaic. Because fire initiates secondary forest succession, a fire mosaic creates variation in the abundance of early successional plants that snowshoe hares eat in winter, leading to geographic variation in hare density. We hypothesize that fire is the template for a geographic mosaic of natural selection: where fire is greatest and hares are most abundant, hare browsing has most strongly selected juvenile-phase woody plants for defense. We tested the hypothesis at multiple spatial scales using Alaska birch (Betula neoalaskana) and white birch (Betula papyrifera). We also examined five alternative hypotheses for geographic variation in antibrowsing defense. The fire-hare-defense hypothesis was supported at transcontinental, regional, and local scales; alternative hypotheses were rejected. Our results link transcontinental variation in species interactions to an abiotic environmental driver, fire. Intakes of defense toxins by Alaskan hares exceed those by Wisconsin hares, suggesting that the proposed selection mosaic may coincide with a geographic mosaic of coevolution. PMID:19422319

  13. The use of interactive graphical maps for browsing medical/health Internet information resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boulos Maged

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract As online information portals accumulate metadata descriptions of Web resources, it becomes necessary to develop effective ways for visualising and navigating the resultant huge metadata repositories as well as the different semantic relationships and attributes of described Web resources. Graphical maps provide a good method to visualise, understand and navigate a world that is too large and complex to be seen directly like the Web. Several examples of maps designed as a navigational aid for Web resources are presented in this review with an emphasis on maps of medical and health-related resources. The latter include HealthCyberMap maps http://healthcybermap.semanticweb.org/, which can be classified as conceptual information space maps, and the very abstract and geometric Visual Net maps of PubMed http://map.net (for demos. Information resources can be also organised and navigated based on their geographic attributes. Some of the maps presented in this review use a Kohonen Self-Organising Map algorithm, and only HealthCyberMap uses a Geographic Information System to classify Web resource data and render the maps. Maps based on familiar metaphors taken from users' everyday life are much easier to understand. Associative and pictorial map icons that enable instant recognition and comprehension are preferred to geometric ones and are key to successful maps for browsing medical/health Internet information resources.

  14. Web architecture for the remote browsing and analysis of distributed medical images and data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masseroli, M; Pinciroli, F

    2001-01-01

    To provide easy retrieval, integration and evaluation of multimodal medical images and data in a web browser environment, distributed application technologies and Java programming were used to develop a client-server architecture based on software agents. The server side manages secure connections and queries to heterogeneous remote databases and file systems containing patient personal and clinical data. The client side is a Java applet running in a web browser and providing a friendly medical user interface to perform queries on patient and medical test data and integrate and visualize properly the various query results. A set of tools based on Java Advanced Imaging API enables to process and analyze the retrieved bioimages, and quantify their features in different regions of interest. The platform-independence Java technology makes the developed prototype easy to be managed in a centralized form and provided in each site where an intranet or internet connection can be located. Giving the healthcare providers effective tools for browsing, querying, visualizing and evaluating comprehensively medical images and records in all locations where they can need them - e.g. emergency, operating theaters, ward, or even outpatient clinics- the implemented prototype represents an important aid in providing more efficient diagnoses and medical treatments. PMID:11604703

  15. Using Globe Browsing Systems in Planetariums to Take Audiences to Other Worlds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmart, C. B.

    2014-12-01

    For the last decade planetariums have been adding capability of "full dome video" systems for both movie playback and interactive display. True scientific data visualization has now come to planetarium audiences as a means to display the actual three dimensional layout of the universe, the time based array of planets, minor bodies and spacecraft across the solar system, and now globe browsing systems to examine planetary bodies to the limits of resolutions acquired. Additionally, such planetarium facilities can be networked for simultaneous display across the world for wider audience and reach to authoritative scientist description and commentary. Data repositories such as NASA's Lunar Mapping and Modeling Project (LMMP), NASA GSFC's LANCE-MODIS, and others conforming to the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard of Web Map Server (WMS) protocols make geospatial data available for a growing number of dome supporting globe visualization systems. The immersive surround graphics of full dome video replicates our visual system creating authentic virtual scenes effectively placing audiences on location in some cases to other worlds only mapped robotically.

  16. How happy is your web browsing? A model to quantify satisfaction of an Internet user searching for desired information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerji, Anirban; Magarkar, Aniket

    2012-09-01

    We feel happy when web browsing operations provide us with necessary information; otherwise, we feel bitter. How to measure this happiness (or bitterness)? How does the profile of happiness grow and decay during the course of web browsing? We propose a probabilistic framework that models the evolution of user satisfaction, on top of his/her continuous frustration at not finding the required information. It is found that the cumulative satisfaction profile of a web-searching individual can be modeled effectively as the sum of a random number of random terms, where each term is a mutually independent random variable, originating from ‘memoryless’ Poisson flow. Evolution of satisfaction over the entire time interval of a user’s browsing was modeled using auto-correlation analysis. A utilitarian marker, a magnitude of greater than unity of which describes happy web-searching operations, and an empirical limit that connects user’s satisfaction with his frustration level-are proposed too. The presence of pertinent information in the very first page of a website and magnitude of the decay parameter of user satisfaction (frustration, irritation etc.) are found to be two key aspects that dominate the web user’s psychology. The proposed model employed different combinations of decay parameter, searching time and number of helpful websites. The obtained results are found to match the results from three real-life case studies.

  17. Cattle Browsing Sagebrush Steppe During Fall: Effects On Plant Community Structure and Influence of Experience On Cattle Foraging Behavior and Body Weights

    OpenAIRE

    Petersen, Charles A.

    2012-01-01

    Disturbances such as fire and grazing can degrade landscapes, but they can also rejuvenate them. I evaluated: 1) the practicality of strategically timed (fall), high intensity browsing of sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata ssp. tridentata, ssp. wyomingensis) by cattle; 2) the foraging behavior and body weights of cattle with varying levels of experience browsing sagebrush; and 3) the ensuing responses of grasses, forbs, and sagebrush to cattle grazing. In spatially and temporally replicated tria...

  18. Winter browse selection by white-tailed deer and implications for bottomland forest restoration in the Upper Mississippi River Valley, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cogger, Benjamin J.; De Jager, Nathan R.; Thomsen, Meredith; Adams, Carrie Reinhardt

    2014-01-01

    White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) forage selectively, modifying upland forest species composition and in some cases shifting ecosystems to alternative stable states. Few studies, however, have investigated plant selection by deer in bottomland forests. Herbaceous invasive species are common in wetlands and their expansion could be promoted if deer avoid them and preferentially feed on native woody species. We surveyed plant species composition and winter deer browsing in 14 floodplain forest restoration sites along the Upper Mississippi River and tributaries. Tree seedling density declined rapidly with increasing cover of invasive Phalaris arundinacea, averaging less than 1 per m2 in all sites in which the grass was present. Deer browsed ∼46% of available tree seedling stems (branches) at mainland restorations, compared to ∼3% at island sites. Across all tree species, the number of browsed stems increased linearly with the number available and responded unimodally to tree height. Maximum browsing rates were observed on trees with high stem abundances (>10 per plant) and of heights between 50 and 150 cm. Deer preferred Ulmus americana and Acer saccharinum, and avoided Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Acer negundo, and Quercus spp. at mainland sites, and did not browse Phalaris arundinacea if present. Depending on plant growth responses to herbivory and the competitive effects of unbrowsed species, our results suggest that selective foraging could promote the expansion of invasive species and/or alter tree species composition in bottomland forest restorations. Islands may, however, serve as refuges from browsing on a regional scale.

  19. Extensive browsing by a conventional grazer? Stable carbon isotope analysis reveals extraordinary dietary flexibility among Sanga cattle of North Central Namibia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radloff, Frans G T; Van der Waal, Cornelis; Bond, Alexander L

    2013-01-01

    Intraspecies dietary flexibility, such as variable consumption of graze vs. browse in herbivores, has received scant attention on a spatial scale despite growing evidence of substantial variability within and among populations, especially in bovids. Here, we report on extraordinary differences in cattle diet among two communal pasture areas across seasons in northern Namibia: King Nehale (KN, open grassland) and Okongo (OK, dense woodland). Percentage C3 browse and C4 grass consumption was determined from δ(13)C values of dung samples, using a Bayesian stable-isotope mixing model (SIAR - stable isotope analysis in R). During the wet and early dry season, KN cattle consumed 11 and 19% browse, respectively, and the OK cattle consumed 84% browse. At the end of the dry season, the browse intake of KN cattle increased to 33% while that of OK cattle decreased to 55%. Vegetation structure influenced the graze/browse consumption strongly in both areas. A better understanding of this extraordinary dietary flexibility is imperative as anthropogenically driven habitat change is projected to lead to the extinction of perceived grazing specialists. PMID:23859529

  20. A comparison of woody browse selection by hand-raised, boma-adapted and wild black rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis, L. in Matusadona National Park, Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Matipano

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Differences in woody browse selection between hand-raised (and subsequently released, boma-adapted and wild black rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis, L. were studied in Matusadona National Park between December 1999 and July 2000. Boma-adapted rhinoceros were animals that were subjected to hand-raising and were kept in bomas (enclosures over night. The feeding behaviour was different between the three rhinoceros groups. All rhinoceros groups utilised and selected for a few browse species in common, at different preference levels in the same habitat types according to season. Wild rhinoceroses browsed most in Colophospermum-Terminalia-Combretum woodland in the wet season and in thicket in the dry season. Hand-raised rhinoceroses browsed most in Colophospermum-Terminalia-Combretum woodland and boma-adated rhinos in thickets in both the wet and the early dry seasons. Hand-raised and bomaadapted rhinos changed their habitats less for browse selection than wild rhinos. This can be ascribed to a relative restriction of home range in the hand-raised group and a herding effect for the boma-adapted animals. These situations might have accounted for differences in seasonal browse selection by the rhinoceros groups.

  1. Storing, Browsing, Querying, and Sharing Data: the THREDDS Data Repository (TDR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, A.; Lindholm, D.; Baltzer, T.

    2005-12-01

    The Unidata Internet Data Distribution (IDD) network delivers gigabytes of data per day in near real time to sites across the U.S. and beyond. The THREDDS Data Server (TDS) supports public browsing of metadata and data access via OPeNDAP enabled URLs for datasets such as these. With such large quantities of data, sites generally employ a simple data management policy, keeping the data for a relatively short term on the order of hours to perhaps a week or two. In order to save interesting data in longer term storage and make it available for sharing, a user must move the data herself. In this case the user is responsible for determining where space is available, executing the data movement, generating any desired metadata, and setting access control to enable sharing. This task sequence is generally based on execution of a sequence of low level operating system specific commands with significant user involvement. The LEAD (Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery) project is building a cyberinfrastructure to support research and education in mesoscale meteorology. LEAD orchestrations require large, robust, and reliable storage with speedy access to stage data and store both intermediate and final results. These requirements suggest storage solutions that involve distributed storage, replication, and interfacing to archival storage systems such as mass storage systems and tape or removable disks. LEAD requirements also include metadata generation and access in order to support querying. In support of both THREDDS and LEAD requirements, Unidata is designing and prototyping the THREDDS Data Repository (TDR), a framework for a modular data repository to support distributed data storage and retrieval using a variety of back end storage media and interchangeable software components. The TDR interface will provide high level abstractions for long term storage, controlled, fast and reliable access, and data movement capabilities via a variety of technologies such as

  2. Bluejay 1.0: genome browsing and comparison with rich customization provision and dynamic resource linking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turinsky Andrei L

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Bluejay genome browser has been developed over several years to address the challenges posed by the ever increasing number of data types as well as the increasing volume of data in genome research. Beginning with a browser capable of rendering views of XML-based genomic information and providing scalable vector graphics output, we have now completed version 1.0 of the system with many additional features. Our development efforts were guided by our observation that biologists who use both gene expression profiling and comparative genomics gain functional insights above and beyond those provided by traditional per-gene analyses. Results Bluejay 1.0 is a genome viewer integrating genome annotation with: (i gene expression information; and (ii comparative analysis with an unlimited number of other genomes in the same view. This allows the biologist to see a gene not just in the context of its genome, but also its regulation and its evolution. Bluejay now has rich provision for personalization by users: (i numerous display customization features; (ii the availability of waypoints for marking multiple points of interest on a genome and subsequently utilizing them; and (iii the ability to take user relevance feedback of annotated genes or textual items to offer personalized recommendations. Bluejay 1.0 also embeds the Seahawk browser for the Moby protocol, enabling users to seamlessly invoke hundreds of Web Services on genomic data of interest without any hard-coding. Conclusion Bluejay offers a unique set of customizable genome-browsing features, with the goal of allowing biologists to quickly focus on, analyze, compare, and retrieve related information on the parts of the genomic data they are most interested in. We expect these capabilities of Bluejay to benefit the many biologists who want to answer complex questions using the information available from completely sequenced genomes.

  3. Individual variation of isotopic niches in grazing and browsing desert ungulates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, D; Mfune, J K E; Gewers, E; Brain, C; Voigt, C C

    2015-09-01

    Ungulates often adjust their diet when food availability varies over time. However, it is poorly understood when and to what extent individuals change their diet and, if they do so, if all individuals of a population occupy distinct or similar dietary niches. In the arid Namibian Kunene Region, we studied temporal variations of individual niches in grazing gemsbok (Oryx gazella gazella) and predominantly browsing springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis). We used variation in stable C and N isotope ratios of tail hair increments as proxies to estimate individual isotopic dietary niches and their temporal plasticity. Isotopic dietary niches of populations of the two species were mutually exclusive, but similar in breadth. Isotopic niche breadth of gemsbok was better explained by within-individual variation than by between-individual variation of stable isotope ratios, indicating that gemsbok individuals were facultative specialists in using isotopically distinct local food resources. In contrast, inter- and intra-individual variations contributed similarly to the isotopic niche breadth of the springbok population, suggesting a higher degree of individual isotopic segregation in a more generalist ungulate. In both species, between-individual variation was neither explained by changes in plant primary productivity, sex, geographical position nor by group size. Within species, individual dietary niches overlapped partially, suggesting that both populations included individuals with distinct isotopic dietary niches. Our study provides the first evidence for isotopic dietary niche segregation in individuals of two distinct desert ungulates. Similar, yet isotopically distinct dietary niches of individuals may facilitate partitioning of food resources and thus individual survival in desert ecosystems. PMID:25953117

  4. Outdoor Urban Propagation Experiment of a Handset MIMO Antenna with a Human Phantom located in a Browsing Stance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yamamoto, Atsushi; Hayashi, Toshiteru; Ogawa, Koichi;

    2007-01-01

    Outdoor radio propagation experiments are presented at 2.4 GHz, using a handset MIMO antenna with two monopoles and two planar inverted-F antennas (PIFAs), adjacent to a human phantom in browsing stance. The propagation test was performed in an urban area of a city, which resulted in non lineof......-sight (NLOS) situations. In our investigation, the 4-by-4 MIMO and SISO channel capacities for the reception signals were evaluated. These measurements show that the handset MIMO antenna, close to the human operator, is capable of MIMO reception....

  5. The browse file of NASA/JPL quick-look radar images from the Loch Linnhe 1989 experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Walter E., Jr. (Editor)

    1989-01-01

    The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Aircraft Synthetic Aperture Radar (AIRSAR) was deployed to Scotland to obtain radar imagery of ship wakes generated in Loch Linnhe. These observations were part of a joint US and UK experiment to study the internal waves generated by ships under partially controlled conditions. The AIRSAR was mounted on the NASA-Ames DC-8 aircraft. The data acquisition sequence consisted of 8 flights, each about 6 hours in duration, wherein 24 observations of the instrumented site were made on each flight. This Browse File provides the experimenters with a reference of the real time imagery (approximately 100 images) obtained on the 38-deg track. These radar images are copies of those obtained at the time of observation and show the general geometry of the ship wake features. To speed up processing during this flight, the images were all processed around zero Doppler, and thus azimuth ambiguities often occur when the drift angel (yaw) exceeded a few degrees. However, even with the various shortcomings, it is believed that the experimenter will find the Browse File useful in establishing a basis for further investigations.

  6. Effect of browse plant foliage supplementation on the performance of buckling goats fed threshed sorghum top basal diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isah, Olubukola Ajike; Okunade, Sunday Adewale; Aderinboye, Ronke Yemisi; Olafadehan, Olurotimi Ayobami

    2015-08-01

    The effect of browse plants (Piliostigma thonningii, Daniellia oliveri, Afzelia africana, Pterocarpus erinaceus and Annona senegalensis) supplementation on nutrient intake, digestibility, nutritive value and N utilization and growth performance of buckling goats fed threshed sorghum top (TST) was investigated using 24 Red Sokoto goats (9.0 ± 0.25 kg) body weight (BW) which were randomly assigned to one of the six diets in a completely random design. Intakes of dry matter (DM) and nutrients, feed conversion ratio, digestibility of nutrients except for neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and acid detergent fibre (ADF), digestible organic matter (DOM), digestible crude protein (DCP), energy concentration, N utilization and average daily gain were superior (P < 0.05) in TST-supplemented diets compared to sole TST diet. Among the supplemental fodders, intakes of forage, DM, condensed tannins and most of the nutrients; digestibility of DM, crude protein (CP) and non-fibre carbohydrate, DOM and DCP; and N absorbed, balance and retention were greater (P < 0.05) in A. africana relative to the other fodders. Results indicate that the entire browse fodders are good supplements to low quality TST, though A. africana appears to have a better nutritive value. PMID:25863959

  7. Calibration and validation of the {sup 14}C-labelled polyethylene glycol-binding assay for tannins in tropical browse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mlambo, V. [Animal Production Unit, FAO/IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, Seibersdorf (Austria)]. E-mail: vmlambo@agric.uniswa.sz; Makkar, H.P.S. [Animal Production and Health Section, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Agriculture and Food, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

    2005-08-19

    This study evaluates the radiolabelled polyethylene glycol (PEG)-binding procedure [Silanikove, N., Shinder, D., Gilboa, N., Eyal, M., Nitsan, Z., 1996. Polyethylene glycol-binding to plant samples as an assay for the biological effects of tannins: predicting the negative effects of tannins in Mediterranean browse on rumen degradation. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44, 3230-3234] for tannin analysis, using 27 tropical browse plants. In this method, the amount of PEG bound to a plant sample is assumed to be a reflection of its tannin content. The method was modified to exclude the use of non-tanniniferous substrate for estimating non-specific binding (NSB) in tannin-containing substrates. Non-specific binding values varied widely (0.4-2.8 mg PEG/100 mg DM tannin-free substrate) when the tannin-free substrate was changed from wheat straw to either rye grass or maize shoots. We therefore propose a modified radiolabelled PEG-binding method to estimate the level of PEG-binding (PEGb) to tannin-containing foliage without using tannin-free substrate to correct for non-specific binding. In this approach, incremental levels of each tanniniferous substrate were used to generate PEGb values. The resultant linear response was analysed and tannin activity was expressed as the slope of the response curve (PEGbSlope) observed for each substrate. The slope takes into account the non-specific binding in each substrate, thus PEGbSlope does not require correction for NSB using tannin-free samples. This approach improved the correlation between PEGb and the {sup 125}I-labelled bovine serum albumin precipitation assay. Relationships between the modified PEG-binding assay and radiolabelled bovine serum albumin assay, in vitro tannin bioassay and colorimetric assays are presented. (author)

  8. Calibration and validation of the 14C-labelled polyethylene glycol-binding assay for tannins in tropical browse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study evaluates the radiolabelled polyethylene glycol (PEG)-binding procedure [Silanikove, N., Shinder, D., Gilboa, N., Eyal, M., Nitsan, Z., 1996. Polyethylene glycol-binding to plant samples as an assay for the biological effects of tannins: predicting the negative effects of tannins in Mediterranean browse on rumen degradation. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44, 3230-3234] for tannin analysis, using 27 tropical browse plants. In this method, the amount of PEG bound to a plant sample is assumed to be a reflection of its tannin content. The method was modified to exclude the use of non-tanniniferous substrate for estimating non-specific binding (NSB) in tannin-containing substrates. Non-specific binding values varied widely (0.4-2.8 mg PEG/100 mg DM tannin-free substrate) when the tannin-free substrate was changed from wheat straw to either rye grass or maize shoots. We therefore propose a modified radiolabelled PEG-binding method to estimate the level of PEG-binding (PEGb) to tannin-containing foliage without using tannin-free substrate to correct for non-specific binding. In this approach, incremental levels of each tanniniferous substrate were used to generate PEGb values. The resultant linear response was analysed and tannin activity was expressed as the slope of the response curve (PEGbSlope) observed for each substrate. The slope takes into account the non-specific binding in each substrate, thus PEGbSlope does not require correction for NSB using tannin-free samples. This approach improved the correlation between PEGb and the 125I-labelled bovine serum albumin precipitation assay. Relationships between the modified PEG-binding assay and radiolabelled bovine serum albumin assay, in vitro tannin bioassay and colorimetric assays are presented. (author)

  9. The consequences to browse in spanish vs. english when developing loyalty towards a tourist destination on internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Miguel Alcántara-Pilar

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This work analyzes whether the cultural values of a language influence when processing information from a website and its effect on the perceived risk online, on the development of positive attitudes toward a Web site and loyalties on the service offered therein. We propose an information-processing model based on TAM in which perceived risk online is an antecedent and consumer loyalty towards the service is the ultimate outcome In order to achieve this objective and test the proposed hypotheses, a between-subjects experimental design was chosen, using one independent variable namely with two level: processing language (Spanish vs. English. The final sample comprised 264 Spanish users. Half the sample browsed in Spanish, and the other half in English. The results demonstrated that the cultural dimension ‘uncertainty avoidance’ moderates the effect of perceived risk on perceived ease of use and usefulness. Perceived ease of use or perceived usefulness influenced to attitude towards the website, depending on whether the language used to process the information on the site conveys cultural values with a shorter or longer-term orientation. Languages, as a cultural framework, didn´t moderate the relationship between attitude towards the website and loyalty towards the tourist destination.

  10. LINCS Canvas Browser: interactive web app to query, browse and interrogate LINCS L1000 gene expression signatures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Qiaonan; Flynn, Corey; Niepel, Mario; Hafner, Marc; Muhlich, Jeremy L; Fernandez, Nicolas F; Rouillard, Andrew D; Tan, Christopher M; Chen, Edward Y; Golub, Todd R; Sorger, Peter K; Subramanian, Aravind; Ma'ayan, Avi

    2014-07-01

    For the Library of Integrated Network-based Cellular Signatures (LINCS) project many gene expression signatures using the L1000 technology have been produced. The L1000 technology is a cost-effective method to profile gene expression in large scale. LINCS Canvas Browser (LCB) is an interactive HTML5 web-based software application that facilitates querying, browsing and interrogating many of the currently available LINCS L1000 data. LCB implements two compacted layered canvases, one to visualize clustered L1000 expression data, and the other to display enrichment analysis results using 30 different gene set libraries. Clicking on an experimental condition highlights gene-sets enriched for the differentially expressed genes from the selected experiment. A search interface allows users to input gene lists and query them against over 100 000 conditions to find the top matching experiments. The tool integrates many resources for an unprecedented potential for new discoveries in systems biology and systems pharmacology. The LCB application is available at http://www.maayanlab.net/LINCS/LCB. Customized versions will be made part of the http://lincscloud.org and http://lincs.hms.harvard.edu websites. PMID:24906883

  11. 基于网页浏览行为的分析%Human Behavior Based on Web-Browsing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    米雪; 张宁

    2012-01-01

    The requests to a Web page can in fact be originated by a wide range of elements. The method of event intervals was used to filter out the contribution of automatic processes in the statistical study and the human behaviors from the aspects of both time intervals and event intervals were analysed. Through studying the database of access history to the internet, the character of web-browsing were deeply inspected.%很多因素可以引起页面的发送请求,使用统计事件间隔的方法来过滤掉非正常访问的过程,并且对比事件间隔和时间间隔的分布规律,对用户浏览网页的行为进行分析.研究国内某高校局域网日志,统计结果显示:这个高校局域网用户访问网页的事件间隔分布也具有明显的规律性,且和用户访问网页的时间间隔分布表现出了明显的差异.

  12. MetaRNA-Seq: An Interactive Tool to Browse and Annotate Metadata from RNA-Seq Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pankaj Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The number of RNA-Seq studies has grown in recent years. The design of RNA-Seq studies varies from very simple (e.g., two-condition case-control to very complicated (e.g., time series involving multiple samples at each time point with separate drug treatments. Most of these publically available RNA-Seq studies are deposited in NCBI databases, but their metadata are scattered throughout four different databases: Sequence Read Archive (SRA, Biosample, Bioprojects, and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO. Although the NCBI web interface is able to provide all of the metadata information, it often requires significant effort to retrieve study- or project-level information by traversing through multiple hyperlinks and going to another page. Moreover, project- and study-level metadata lack manual or automatic curation by categories, such as disease type, time series, case-control, or replicate type, which are vital to comprehending any RNA-Seq study. Here we describe “MetaRNA-Seq,” a new tool for interactively browsing, searching, and annotating RNA-Seq metadata with the capability of semiautomatic curation at the study level.

  13. Educational outreach and impacts of white-tailed deer browse on native and invasive plants at the Crooked Creek Environmental Learning Center, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsay, Lisa O.

    Overabundance of deer can assist the intrusion of invasive plants through browse, leading to homogenization of plant communities. Public attitudes towards native and invasive plant species and white-tailed deer browse related to personal experiences, can be changed through education focusing public awareness of ramifications of deer browse on native and invasive plants. I developed an interactive, interpretive Self-Guided Walking Tour brochure of the "You Can Trail" to provide an educational outreach program for visitors of Crooked Creek Environmental Learning Center that includes ecologically important native and invasive plants species from my investigation. This research study focuses on the overall abundance of native and invasive plant species once Odocoileus virginianus have been removed from the landscape during collection periods in June and September 2013 from exclosure and access plots that were maintained for seven years. Similarity of abundance were found in native and invasive abundance of forbs, bushes and percentage of ground cover. Differences included native bush volume being greater than invasive bush volume in the access plot in June with opposing results in the exclosure plot, being greater in invasive bush volume. However, in September, native and invasive bush volume was similar within the exclosure plot, while invasive bush volume decreased in the access plot. Invasive vines recorded in the June access plot were absent in the September collection period.

  14. The effect of drying and urea treatment on nutritional and anti-nutritional components of browses collected during wet and dry seasons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vitti, D.M.S.S. [Centre for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture, University of Sao Paulo, Piracicaba, SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: dovitti@cena.usp.br; Nozella, E.F.; Abdalla, A.L.; Bueno, I.C.S.; Longo, C.; Cabral Filho, S.L.S.; Godoy, P.B. [Centre for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture, University of Sao Paulo, Piracicaba, SP (Brazil); Silva Filho, J.C. [Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG (Brazil); Costa, C. [Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia, UNESP, Botucatu, SP (Brazil); Bueno, M.S. [Instituto de Zootecnia, Nova Odessa, SP (Brazil); Vieira, M.E.Q. [Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil); Mueller-Harvey, I. [Agriculture Department, University of Reading, Reading (United Kingdom)

    2005-08-19

    Fibre, crude protein and tannin concentrations were measured in browse species from the semi-arid region of Northeast Brazil during the dry and wet seasons. The effects of oven-, sun- and shade-drying and of urea treatment were also determined. Crude protein (CP) content varied from 103 to 161 g/kg dry matter (DM) and the browses had similar CP content in the two seasons (during 2002) (102-161 and 107-153 g/kg DM in the wet and dry seasons, respectively). Total tannin concentrations ranged from 13 to 201 g/kg DM amongst the browses and were higher in the dry season. A 30-d treatment with urea reduced extractable tannins significantly (P < 0.05). The urea treatment was also most effective at reducing the in vitro effects of tannins compared to the other drying treatments. This was demonstrated by measuring the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG) on gas production. Addition of PEG increased gas production of oven- (81.4%), sun- (78.5%) and shade-dried (76.7%) samples much more compared to urea treated samples (10.9%). (author)

  15. Information on the Internet about colorectal cancer: patient attitude and potential toward Web browsing. A prospective observational study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sajid, Muhammad S.; Shakir, Ali J.; Baig, Mirza K.

    2011-01-01

    Background Patients with colorectal cancer who seek to improve their knowledge of health and treatment options can now access in a few seconds data that would previously have required hours of research. Our aim was to evaluate the attitudes of patients toward Web browsing for information on colorectal cancer. Methods We surveyed all patients attending a colorectal cancer follow-up clinic between January and August 2007 on their use of the Internet to obtain information on colorectal cancer. Results In all, 439 patients with mean age of 68.6 years participated in the study. Of these, 24% reported using the Internet to obtain colorectal cancer information. Most participants used the Google search engine. Only 13% of participants confirmed that colorectal cancer information on the Internet was helpful in decision-making. Patients under the age of 65 years were more likely to have Internet access (p < 0.001), more likely to use the Internet to find colorectal cancer information (p = 0.005) and more likely to access a site recommended by a colorectal specialist (p = 0.002). Among Internet users, men were slightly more likely than women to use the Internet, although the difference was not significant (p = 0.20). Conclusion The Internet is a useful tool for disseminating information about colorectal cancer. The best sites are still difficult for patients to distinguish from the thousands of sites returned by search engines. This study demonstrates that the level of potential interest is sufficient to justify the development of a departmental or regional colorectal cancer network of websites and indicates areas of interest for patients. PMID:21933528

  16. Browsing to the Max

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    A Beijing-based Web browser is gaining global market share on October 28, just one day before the Internet’s 40th birth- day, Beijing-based technology firm Maxthon International Ltd. announced the establishment of China’s largest browser research and development center.

  17. A personalized E-learning system based on user's browsing behavior%基于用户浏览行为的个性化教学系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单蓉

    2011-01-01

    E-learning has become the direction of the main trend in the development of today ’ s education technology. A new two degree tree-model is designed, and a Browsing Behavior Personalized Information Recommendation System( BBIRS) is designed on this basis. In the system, the web logs and interactive data been mined by offline and online separately, and the user’s intersting degree on the page been caculated by its browsing speed. The system uses two recommendation algorithms according the different intersting degree.%网络教育已成为现代教育技术主流的发展方向.提出了二层树状结构模型,并在此基础上,设计了一个基于基于浏览行为的个性化推荐系统(BBIRS).系统可以通过离线和在线方式对用户的访问日志和交互数据分别进行挖掘,并通过根据用户的浏览速度计算用户对页面的兴趣度,根据该兴趣度是否大于阈值,系统采用不同的推荐策略.

  18. Data shopping in an open marketplace: Introducing the Ontogrator web application for marking up data using ontologies and browsing using facets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Norman; Hancock, David; Hirschman, Lynette; Dawyndt, Peter; Verslyppe, Bert; Kyrpides, Nikos; Kottmann, Renzo; Yilmaz, Pelin; Glöckner, Frank Oliver; Grethe, Jeff; Booth, Tim; Sterk, Peter; Nenadic, Goran; Field, Dawn

    2011-04-29

    In the future, we hope to see an open and thriving data market in which users can find and select data from a wide range of data providers. In such an open access market, data are products that must be packaged accordingly. Increasingly, eCommerce sellers present heterogeneous product lines to buyers using faceted browsing. Using this approach we have developed the Ontogrator platform, which allows for rapid retrieval of data in a way that would be familiar to any online shopper. Using Knowledge Organization Systems (KOS), especially ontologies, Ontogrator uses text mining to mark up data and faceted browsing to help users navigate, query and retrieve data. Ontogrator offers the potential to impact scientific research in two major ways: 1) by significantly improving the retrieval of relevant information; and 2) by significantly reducing the time required to compose standard database queries and assemble information for further research. Here we present a pilot implementation developed in collaboration with the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) that includes content from the StrainInfo, GOLD, CAMERA, Silva and Pubmed databases. This implementation demonstrates the power of ontogration and highlights that the usefulness of this approach is fully dependent on both the quality of data and the KOS (ontologies) used. Ideally, the use and further expansion of this collaborative system will help to surface issues associated with the underlying quality of annotation and could lead to a systematic means for accessing integrated data resources. PMID:21677865

  19. Carbon Allocation into Different Fine-Root Classes of Young Abies alba Trees Is Affected More by Phenology than by Simulated Browsing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endrulat, Tina; Buchmann, Nina; Brunner, Ivano

    2016-01-01

    Abies alba (European silver fir) was used to investigate possible effects of simulated browsing on C allocation belowground by 13CO2 pulse-labelling at spring, summer or autumn, and by harvesting the trees at the same time point of the labelling or at a later season for biomass and for 13C-allocation into the fine-root system. Before budburst in spring, the leader shoots and 50% of all lateral shoots of half of the investigated 5-year old Abies alba saplings were clipped to simulate browsing. At harvest, different fine-root classes were separated, and starch as an important storage compartment was analysed for concentrations. The phenology had a strong effect on the allocation of the 13C-label from shoots to roots. In spring, shoots did not supply the fine-roots with high amounts of the 13C-label, because the fine-roots contained less than 1% of the applied 13C. In summer and autumn, however, shoots allocated relatively high amounts of the 13C-label to the fine roots. The incorporation of the 13C-label as structural C or as starch into the roots is strongly dependent on the root type and the root diameter. In newly formed fine roots, 3-5% of the applied 13C was incorporated, whereas 1-3% in the ≤0.5 mm root class and 1-1.5% in the >0.5-1.0 mm root class were recorded. Highest 13C-enrichment in the starch was recorded in the newly formed fine roots in autumn. The clipping treatment had a significant positive effect on the amount of allocated 13C-label to the fine roots after the spring labelling, with high relative 13C-contents observed in the ≤0.5 mm and the >0.5-1.0 mm fine-root classes of clipped trees. No effects of the clipping were observed after summer and autumn labelling in the 13C-allocation patterns. Overall, our data imply that the season of C assimilation and, thus, the phenology of trees is the main determinant of the C allocation from shoots to roots and is clearly more important than browsing. PMID:27123860

  20. The impact of various browse feeds with different tannin content on the fecal shedding of Clostridium perfringens in West African dwarf sheep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aschfalk, A; Müller, W; Drochner, W

    2000-01-01

    In 1994 and 1995 leaves from eight browse feeds, containing tannins in different amounts (BF), were fed to West African Dwarf Sheep in Benin to evaluate their impact on Clostridium perfringens in the intestinal tract. An inhibitory impact of various BF on the growth of C. perfringens was assessed in in-vitro assays before, and thus a potential use of these leaves as a preventive diet against C. perfringens enterotoxemia in small ruminants was assumed. Surprisingly, an inhibitory impact of the BF on the shedding of C. perfringens in the feces of West African Dwarf Sheep could not be shown in seven of the eight BF examined. However, the pattern of inhibition of unlike C. perfringens toxovars may differ and a selective inhibitory impact of the BF Dialium guineense on C. perfringens toxovar D may be assumed. PMID:11153223

  1. U.S. Geological Survey and Microsoft Cooperative Research and Development Agreement: Geospatial Data Browsing and Retrieval Site on the World Wide Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey

    1999-01-01

    In May 1997, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Microsoft Corporation of Redmond, Wash., entered into a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) to make vast amounts of geospatial data available to the general public through the Internet. The CRADA is a 36-month joint effort to develop a general, public-oriented browsing and retrieval site for geospatial data on the Internet. Specifically, Microsoft plans to (1) modify a large volume of USGS geospatial data so the images can be displayed quickly and easily over the Internet, (2) implement an easy-to-use interface for low-speed connections, and (3) develop an Internet Web site capable of servicing millions of users per day.

  2. Habitat use by mountain nyala Tragelaphus buxtoni determined using stem bite diameters at point of browse, bite rates, and time budgets in the Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solomon A. TADESSE, Burt P. KOTLER

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available We studied the habitat use of mountain nyala Tragelaphus buxtoni in the northern edge of the Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia. The aims of this study were to: (1 measure and quantify habitat-specific stem bite diameters of mountain nyala foraging on common natural plant species in two major habitat types (i.e. grasslands versus woodlands, and (2 quantify the bite rates (number of bites per minute and the activity time budgets of mountain nyala as functions of habitat type and sex-age category. We randomly laid out three transects in each habitat type. Following each transect, through focal animal observations, we assessed and quantified stem diameters at point of browse (dpb, bite rates, and time budgets of mountain nyala in grasslands versus woodlands. Stem dpb provide a measure of natural giving-up densities (GUDs and can be used to assess foraging costs and efficiencies, with greater stem dpb corresponding to lower costs and greater efficiencies. The results showed that stem dpb, bite rates, induced vigilance, and proportion of time spent in feeding differed between habitats. In particular, mountain nyala had greater stem dpb, higher bite rates, and spent a greater proportion of their time in feeding and less in induced vigilance in the grasslands. In addition, adult females had the highest bite rates, and the browse species Solanum marginatum had the greatest stem dpb. Generally, grasslands provide the mountain nyala with several advantages over the woodlands, including offering lower foraging costs, greater safety, and more time for foraging. The study advocates how behavioural indicators and natural GUDs are used to examine the habitat use of the endangered mountain nyala through applying non-invasive techniques. We conclude that the resulting measures are helpful for guiding conservation and management efforts and could be applicable to a number of endangered wildlife species including the mountain nyala [Current Zoology 59 (6 : 707

  3. 影响用户Web浏览体验的因素分析%Analysis on Influential Factor of Web Browsing Experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖威华; 赵莺; 陈晖

    2013-01-01

    随着信息时代的到来,用户体验越来越受到商家的重视,其已经成为商家争夺客户的关键。web浏览作为互联网的一项重要基础业务,其用户体验也越来越受到运营商的重视。介绍了等待时间对用户体验的影响程度,重点分析了影响用户 Web 浏览体验的因素。在此基础上,搭建了模拟实验环境,通过在用户与系统互动的过程中不断改变网络 QoS 参数,时刻观察、记录用户体验的变化,最终找出时延、丢包率与用户体验之间的关系。%With the arrival of information age, the user experience attracts even more attention from the business, and thus becomes a key factor for business to scramble for customers, and Web browsing is an important and fundamental business for the Internet, and its user experience also attracts more and more attention from the operator. This paper expounds the influence of waiting time on the user experience, with focus on factors affecting the user's Web browsing experience. Based on this, a simulation environment is established, and through constantly changing network QoS parameters in the interact process of the user and the system, changes of the user experience is uninterruptedly monitored and recorded, and finally the relationship between delay, packet loss rate and user experience found.

  4. Effects of supplementation of threshed sorghum top with selected browse plant foliage on haematology and serum biochemical parameters of Red Sokoto goats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okunade, Sunday Adewale; Isah, Olubukola Ajike; Oyekunle, Mufutau Atanda; Olafadehan, Olurotimi Ayobami; Makinde, Olayinka John

    2016-06-01

    The haematological and biochemical parameters of 24 growing Red Sokoto bucks (9.00 ± 0.25 kg body weight) fed threshed sorghum top (TST) with or without five different browse plant foliage Afzelia africana (AA), Daniellia oliveri (DO), Piliostigma thonningii (PT), Pterocarpus erinaceus (PE) and Annona senegalensis (AS) supplements were studied using a completely randomized design. All haematological parameters were (P < 0.05) lower in TST-fed goats compared with TST-supplemented goats, except for mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), lymphocytes and monocytes which did not follow a particular pattern. Packed cell volume, haemoglobin and monocytes were higher for AA-supplemented goats while MCHC was reduced relative to other supplements (P < 0.05). White blood cell counts were increased in DO lambs compared to other supplements (P < 0.05). Serum proteins, creatinine, alanine transaminase and alkaline phosphate were reduced in TST compared with the supplements (P < 0.05). Cholesterol was higher for PT and AA than other diets (P < 0.05). Aspartate transaminase was reduced in TST goats relative to the supplements (P < 0.05). Except for potassium which was reduced in AS (P < 0.05), all serum major minerals were similar among diets. Results indicate that the entire browse fodder are good supplements to low-quality TST, though A. africana appears to have a better supplementary effect on haematological and biochemical parameters of the goats. PMID:27010715

  5. 基于Android平台和GDAL的遥感影像加载方法%Browsing remote sensing images based on Android platform and GDAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳德志; 林辉; 臧卓

    2014-01-01

    使用GDAL在Android系统上浏览GB级的遥感影像,由于内存限制,通常比较困难,甚至难以实现。采用tif影像、0~1灰度影像和多波段的彩色影像,通过比较其加载方法的内存消耗、初次加载时间、最长加载时间、最短加载时间、平均加载时间和稳定性,研究最佳影像加载方法。实验结果表明:整块加载tif影像消耗内存最大,加载时间最长,稳定性最差;分块加载tif影像,浏览0~1灰度影像的内存消耗、加载时间能满足实际需求,但浏览多波段彩色影像的性能难以达到实际要求;分块加载jpg型压缩影像,平均消耗33 MB的内存和1600 ms的加载时间,加载速度最快,消耗内存最小,能满足野外工作的要求。%Due to memory limitations, it is dififcult that GDAL is used to browse the remote sensing images of GB in Android system even harder to achieve. By adopting tif image, 0~1 gray image and multi-band color image, the memory consumption, the initial loading time, the longest loading time, the shortest loading time, the average loading time and stability of the color images loading methods were compared, thus selecting out the best image loading method. The results show that the whole block loading tif image consumed the maximum memory, took the longest loading time and had the worst stability;The block loading 0~1 gray tif image can meet the actual demand in memory consumption and loading time, but the browsing results of multi-band color tif image were dififcult to meet the practical requirements;The block loading jpg compressed image, consumed averagely memory 33MB and the loading time was 1 600 ms on average, so that this method can meet the ifeld work requirements.

  6. Study of the Uses' Interests Based on the Internet Browsing History%挖掘用户浏览网页的兴趣研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹易; 张宁

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyses the users' group interests by mining the internet browsing history. To count the visiting information of the interests' categories, visiting time and the number of users, get the regularity of conclusion. Then, it has put forward an improved HAC (hierarchical agglomerative clustering) and k-means algorithm to cluster the users by their interests, to mine the users' access mode. Finally, it has proved the stability of users' dominant interests. That means the users' most important interests are stable as the time increases.%通过挖掘网页的浏览记录来对用户群体兴趣进行分析.对访问网站的兴趣类别、时间、用户数进行统计,得到规律性的结论.其次提出一种改进的基于HAC和k-means的算法对用户根据兴趣进行聚类,挖掘用户的访问模式.最后验证了主导兴趣的稳定性即随着日志的增加,用户的最大兴趣是趋于稳定的.

  7. Formularni ugovori u elektroničkom obliku (Sklapanje ugovora klikom miša - elektroničkim očitovanjem volje putem Interneta na web stranici – click wrap i browse wrap ugovori)

    OpenAIRE

    Matić, Tin

    2008-01-01

    Klik mišem na web stranici vrlo je čest oblik očitovanja volje. To je po svojoj pravnoj prirodi znak kojim se izričito i jasno očituje volja za sklapanje ugovora. Klikom miša sklapaju se formularni ugovori u elektroničkom obliku. Dva tipa ugovora koji se sklapaju na taj način su click wrap ugovor i browse wrap ugovor. Oba su ugovora zapravo podvrste adhezijskih ugovora. Click wrap je ugovor koji se skapa na web stranici elektroničkim putem i u elektroničkom obliku, u kojem kupac, odnosno ponu...

  8. Performing statistical analyses on quantitative data in Taverna workflows: An example using R and maxdBrowse to identify differentially-expressed genes from microarray data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pocock Matthew R

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There has been a dramatic increase in the amount of quantitative data derived from the measurement of changes at different levels of biological complexity during the post-genomic era. However, there are a number of issues associated with the use of computational tools employed for the analysis of such data. For example, computational tools such as R and MATLAB require prior knowledge of their programming languages in order to implement statistical analyses on data. Combining two or more tools in an analysis may also be problematic since data may have to be manually copied and pasted between separate user interfaces for each tool. Furthermore, this transfer of data may require a reconciliation step in order for there to be interoperability between computational tools. Results Developments in the Taverna workflow system have enabled pipelines to be constructed and enacted for generic and ad hoc analyses of quantitative data. Here, we present an example of such a workflow involving the statistical identification of differentially-expressed genes from microarray data followed by the annotation of their relationships to cellular processes. This workflow makes use of customised maxdBrowse web services, a system that allows Taverna to query and retrieve gene expression data from the maxdLoad2 microarray database. These data are then analysed by R to identify differentially-expressed genes using the Taverna RShell processor which has been developed for invoking this tool when it has been deployed as a service using the RServe library. In addition, the workflow uses Beanshell scripts to reconcile mismatches of data between services as well as to implement a form of user interaction for selecting subsets of microarray data for analysis as part of the workflow execution. A new plugin system in the Taverna software architecture is demonstrated by the use of renderers for displaying PDF files and CSV formatted data within the Taverna

  9. 基于序列模式的用户浏览行为提取与分析%User Browsing Behavior Extraction and Analysis Based on Sequence Pattern

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    车高营; 张磊; 张禄旭

    2012-01-01

    当今互联网所提供的功能和服务越来越多,Web内容也越来越丰富,移动应用越来越流行.然而,复杂的Web服务应用对用户提出了更高的要求,给用户浏览带来了很多问题,很多时候用户会感到无所适从.文中提出基于用户浏览序列模式的用户行为提取与分析方法.该方法可以分为浏览模式分析和用户聚类两部分.在浏览模式分析时,首先根据用户行为数据得到浏览序列,然后运用序列模式挖掘PrefixSpan算法获取用户习惯的浏览模式,最后把分析获取的用户浏览模式应用到Web浏览中,为不同的用户需求提供个性化的服务.在用户聚类时,运用层次聚类方法按照浏览模式的相似性对用户进行聚类,以分析用户的不同属性(如年龄、职业、学历等)对用户浏览模式的影响.实验结果表明,文中采用的PrefixSpan算法和层次聚类方法在用户浏览模式分析和研究方面具有很好的可行性和有效性.%Nowadays,internet provides more and more application and services,there are more and more contents on Web,and mobile applications develop more and more quickly. Meanwhile, the more sophisticated Web services applications need higher quality of users. Many times some users may feel confused in those Web services. It presents the sequence based on user access patterns for user behavior extraction and analysis methods. The method can be divided into two parts of the browse mode analysis and user clustering. For browse mode analysis,first based on user behavior data get navigation sequence;Then the sequential pattern mining algorithm,so-called PrefixS-pan, is used in getting user browsing pattern;Finally applies user browsing pattern to Web services,and provides personalized services to different users. For user clustering,a hierarchical clustering method is used for splitting user into different categories. The impact of different attributes of user (such as age

  10. The stakeholder-consultation process in developing training and awareness-raising material within the framework of the EU Directive on Sustainable Use of Pesticides: The case of the EU-project BROWSE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In September 2009, the Council of the European Union adopted the Directive on Sustainable Use of Pesticides (SUD). The core idea is that in order to achieve sustainable use of pesticides, it is necessary that everyone is conscious about the risks to both human health and the environment associated with the use of plant protection products. Therefore, in the SUD, training and raising awareness play key roles in order to achieve the objectives of the directive. In this sense, the European-founded project BROWSE (Bystanders, Residents, Operators and WorkerS Exposure models for plant protection products) has, as one of its main objectives, to contribute to the implementation of the SUD through the development and dissemination of communication materials for training and raising awareness. For this reason, a consultation process was implemented involving all relevant stakeholders in order to identify their opinions regarding the subjects to be prioritised, the factors influencing pesticide exposure to be focused on and the most suitable formats to develop training and awareness-raising material as well as identification of target groups. To collect the required information, participants were asked to answer an electronic questionnaire (giving the possibility through several debates for additional comments). The collected findings and the ensuing debates are described in this article and are going to be taken into account in the development of the BROWSE training and communication material for the raising of awareness. -- Highlights: ► Training and raising awareness play key roles in achieving the sustainable use of pesticides. ► A stakeholder-consultation was made to find priorities for new training and communication material. ► The priorities will be to explain risk-identifying mitigation measures to reduce exposure. ► The focus will be to train operators and inform people living in rural areas. ► Videos are considered the most suitable technique to deliver

  11. 基于链接点的三维浏览算法的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of 3D Browsing Based on Link-points

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘迪

    2012-01-01

    提出了一种新的照片集三维浏览方法.不仅让用户在浏览照片集时有较好的三维浏览效果,还使用户获取两张照片之间潜在的三维空间几何信息.该方法不需要复杂的三维建模过程,而是通过计算出照片之间的四对链接点.并根据这些链接点构造出变形矩阵.然后利用图像变形技术绘制出双层过渡效果,由此生成中间视图.通过实验分析表明方法具有良好的平滑三维过渡效果.%A novel method for browsing photographs in 3D is described, which can provide the potential relationship of the geometry scene between two photos in 3D space. The approach does not contain the complicated 3D scene modeling, and the only preparation work is computing four link points between two photos in advance, and then morphing matrixes with four pairs of link points are computed. Finally, this method creates virtual camera path and view interpolations efficiently by means of synchronizing double-layer transition between the current photo and targeted photo. The result shows the method can generate view interpolation smoothly and allow users to look around the scenery more effectively.

  12. The Business Cafe Project: Viewing to Browsing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmon, Gilly

    2001-01-01

    Describes and discusses critically a unique experiment called The Business Cafe that used a combination of broadcast television and an interactive Web site to reach people interested in business and management. Outlines the nine broadcasts, which were collaborations between the Open University (United Kingdom) and the BBC (British Broadcasting…

  13. Massively parallel neural network intelligent browse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxwell, Thomas P.; Zion, Philip M.

    1992-04-01

    A massively parallel neural network architecture is currently being developed as a potential component of a distributed information system in support of NASA's Earth Observing System. This architecture can be trained, via an iterative learning process, to recognize objects in images based on texture features, allowing scientists to search for all patterns which are similar to a target pattern in a database of images. It may facilitate scientific inquiry by allowing scientists to automatically search for physical features of interest in a database through computer pattern recognition, alleviating the need for exhaustive visual searches through possibly thousands of images. The architecture is implemented on a Connection Machine such that each physical processor contains a simulated 'neuron' which views a feature vector derived from a subregion of the input image. Each of these neurons is trained, via the perceptron rule, to identify the same pattern. The network output gives a probability distribution over the input image of finding the target pattern in a given region. In initial tests the architecture was trained to separate regions containing clouds from clear regions in 512 by 512 pixel AVHRR images. We found that in about 10 minutes we can train a network to perform with high accuracy in recognizing clouds which were texturally similar to a target cloud group. These promising results suggest that this type of architecture may play a significant role in coping with the forthcoming flood of data from the Earth-monitoring missions of the major space-faring nations.

  14. Sandhill cranes browse for food near VAB

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    A family of sandhill cranes searches for food on the grounds near the Vehicle Assembly Building. The cranes have been a constant sight in the Launch Complex 39 area during the month of May. Sandhill cranes range from Siberia, Alaska and Arctic islands to Michigan, Minnesota and California; from Florida to Texas. They prefer large freshwater marshes, prairie ponds and marshy tundra. KSC shares a boundary with the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge, which encompasses 92,000 acres that are a habitat for more than 331 species of birds, 31 mammals, 117 fishes, and 65 amphibians and reptiles. The marshes and open water of the refuge provide wintering areas for 23 species of migratory waterfowl, as well as a year-round home for great blue herons, great egrets, wood storks, cormorants, brown pelicans and other species of marsh and shore birds, as well as a variety of insects.

  15. Social Browsing & Information Filtering in Social Media

    OpenAIRE

    Lerman, Kristina

    2007-01-01

    Social networks are a prominent feature of many social media sites, a new generation of Web sites that allow users to create and share content. Sites such as Digg, Flickr, and Del.icio.us allow users to designate others as "friends" or "contacts" and provide a single-click interface to track friends' activity. How are these social networks used? Unlike pure social networking sites (e.g., LinkedIn and Facebook), which allow users to articulate their online professional and personal relationshi...

  16. Younger Adults Derive Pleasure and Utilitarian Benefits from Browsing for Music Information Seeking in Physical and Digital Spaces. A Review of: Laplante, A., & Downie, J. S. (2011. The utilitarian and hedonic outcomes of music information-seeking in everyday life. Library & Information Science Research, 33, 202-210. doi:10.1016/j.lisr.2010.11.002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana K. Wakimoto

    2012-09-01

    experiences included deriving pleasure and feeling engaged while searching or browsing for music. Especially satisfying experiences were those where the participants felt highly engaged in the process and found new, independent, non-mainstream music. Not finding new music did not automatically lead to an unsatisfying experience for the participants; however, technology malfunctions in digital MIR systems and unpleasant environments such as those with unfriendly staff in physical music spaces (libraries and stores, led to unsatisfying experiences for the participants.Conclusions – As the results show that the hedonic aspects of music information seeking are very important, designers of MIR systems must take into account the hedonic as well as utilitarian outcomes when creating user interfaces. MIR systems should be designed with browsing as well as searching capabilities so searchers can make serendipitous discoveries of new music and information about music. In other words, MIR systems need to be engaging to ensure satisfying interactions for searchers.

  17. New Interactive Data Browsing Features of the ADC Viewer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, B.; Shaya, E.; Blackwell, J.; Gass, J.; Oliversen, N.; Schneider, G.; Cheung, C.; White, R. A.

    1999-05-01

    The Astronomical Data Center (ADC, http://adc.gsfc.nasa.gov) has more than 700 catalogs and ~ 2000 journal tables of astronomical data that are easily accessed using the ADC Table Viewer (http://adc.gsfc.nasa.gov/viewer). This tool encompasses many data view and visualization capabilities such as the sorting, subsetting, and search of data. Additionally, its modular design allows it to leverage the abilities of the other ADC tools such as mission search and sky map plotting (IMPReSS) and the plotting/over-plotting of selected data (CatsEye). We report on the latest features of the ADC Viewer. This next generation software now empowers the user to upload their own tables, to perform non-trivial column arithmetic, to search regions of the sky using circular (in addition to square) regions and to download their tables in a variety of formats including FITS and tab or comma delimited ASCII text.

  18. Game browse and its impact on selected grain crops

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cerkal, R.; Vejražka, K.; Kamler, Jiří; Dvořák, J.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 55, č. 5 (2009), s. 181-186. ISSN 1214-1178 R&D Projects: GA MZe(CZ) QF4192 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : game damages * herbivores * defoliation * compensatory response * leaf area reduction Subject RIV: GF - Plant Pathology, Vermin, Weed, Plant Protection Impact factor: 0.697, year: 2009 http://www.agriculturejournals.cz/uniqueFiles/07183.pdf

  19. Towards Memory-Aware Services and Browsing through Lifelogging Sensing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Cetina

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Every day we receive lots of information through our senses that is lost forever, because it lacked the strength or the repetition needed to generate a lasting memory. Combining the emerging Internet of Things and lifelogging sensors, we believe it is possible to build up a Digital Memory (Dig-Mem in order to complement the fallible memory of people. This work shows how to realize the Dig-Mem in terms of interactions, affinities, activities, goals and protocols. We also complement this Dig-Mem with memory-aware services and a Dig-Mem browser. Furthermore, we propose a RFID Tag-Sharing technique to speed up the adoption of Dig-Mem. Experimentation reveals an improvement of the user understanding of Dig-Mem as time passes, compared to natural memories where the level of detail decreases over time.

  20. Towards memory-aware services and browsing through lifelogging sensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arcega, Lorena; Font, Jaime; Cetina, Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Every day we receive lots of information through our senses that is lost forever, because it lacked the strength or the repetition needed to generate a lasting memory. Combining the emerging Internet of Things and lifelogging sensors, we believe it is possible to build up a Digital Memory (Dig-Mem) in order to complement the fallible memory of people. This work shows how to realize the Dig-Mem in terms of interactions, affinities, activities, goals and protocols. We also complement this Dig-Mem with memory-aware services and a Dig-Mem browser. Furthermore, we propose a RFID Tag-Sharing technique to speed up the adoption of Dig-Mem. Experimentation reveals an improvement of the user understanding of Dig-Mem as time passes, compared to natural memories where the level of detail decreases over time. PMID:24196436

  1. Indian accent text-to-speech system for web browsing

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Aniruddha Sen; K Samudravijaya

    2002-02-01

    Incorporation of speech and Indian scripts can greatly enhance the accessibility of web information among common people. This paper describes a ‘web reader’ which ‘reads out’ the textual contents of a selected web page in Hindi or in English with Indian accent. The content of the page is downloaded and parsed into suitable textual form. It is then passed on to an indigenously developed text-to-speech system for Hindi/Indian English, to generate spoken output. The text-to-speech conversion is performed in three stages: text analysis, to establish pronunciation, phoneme to acoustic-phonetic parameter conversion and, lastly, parameter-to-speech conversion through a production model. Different types of voices are used to read special messages. The web reader detects the hypertext links in the web pages and gives the user the option to follow the link or continue perusing the current web page. The user can exercise the option either through a keyboard or via spoken commands. Future plans include refining the web parser, improvement of naturalness of synthetic speech and improving the robustness of the speech recognition system.

  2. You never surf alone. Ubiquitous tracking of users' browsing habits

    OpenAIRE

    Puglisi, Silvia; Rebollo-Monedero, David; Forné, Jordi

    2016-01-01

    In the early age of the internet users enjoyed a large level of anonymity. At the time web pages were just hypertext documents; almost no personalisation of the user experience was o ered. The Web today has evolved as a world wide distributed system following specific architectural paradigms. On the web now, an enormous quantity of user generated data is shared and consumed by a network of applications and services, reasoning upon users expressed preferences and their social and physical conn...

  3. Browsing Library Collections: From the Shelf to the Online Catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kieft, Robert

    2006-01-01

    Most campuses have no real estate to spare for the purpose of housing yet more printed books in their general libraries. Some solutions to this problem entails putting lesser printed materials in less-costly storage facilities; or engaging in cooperative archiving agreements that retain one copy of a title in one of the partner's active stacks so…

  4. An Educational Tool for Browsing the Semantic Web

    OpenAIRE

    Yoo, Sujin; Kim, Younghwan; Park, Seongbin

    2013-01-01

    The Semantic Web is an extension of the current Web where information is represented in a machine processable way. It is not separate from the current Web and one of the confusions that novice users might have is where the Semantic Web is. In fact, users can easily encounter RDF documents that are components of the Semantic Web while they navigate among Web pages. In addition, the number of RDF documents on the Web is ever-increasing and a lot of educational materials in RDF format become ava...

  5. Phantom Use: Quantifying In-Library Browsing of Circulating Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Victoria H.

    2007-01-01

    Beyond collecting traditional circulation statistics, tracking in-house use of library materials is a significant measure of how patrons use our resources. In our pilot project, Lending Services staff members conducted nightly pick-ups of library materials left on tables, in carrels, in study rooms, as well as books cast aside in the stacks areas…

  6. Evaluation of potential deer browsing impact on sunflower (Helianthus annus)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kamler, Jiří; Homolka, Miloslav; Cerkal, R.; Heroldová, Marta; Krojerová-Prokešová, Jarmila; Barančeková, Miroslava; Dvořák, J.; Vejražka, K.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 55, č. 6 (2009), s. 583-588. ISSN 1612-4642 R&D Projects: GA MZe(CZ) QF4192; GA MŠk LC06073 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : Game damages * Wild herbivores * Oil crop * Yield loss Subject RIV: GF - Plant Pathology, Vermin, Weed, Plant Protection Impact factor: 1.136, year: 2009

  7. Burning and browsing effects on willow growth in interior Alaska

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The dominant species in mature forests of interior Alaska is either white spruce (Picea glauca} or black spruce (P. mariana), with wood shrubs present at lower...

  8. WebTag: Web Browsing into Sensor Tags over NFC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echevarria, Juan Jose; Ruiz-de-Garibay, Jonathan; Legarda, Jon; Álvarez, Maite; Ayerbe, Ana; Vazquez, Juan Ignacio

    2012-01-01

    Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) continue to overcome many of the challenges related to wireless sensor monitoring, such as for example the design of smarter embedded processors, the improvement of the network architectures, the development of efficient communication protocols or the maximization of the life cycle autonomy. This work tries to improve the communication link of the data transmission in wireless sensor monitoring. The upstream communication link is usually based on standard IP technologies, but the downstream side is always masked with the proprietary protocols used for the wireless link (like ZigBee, Bluetooth, RFID, etc.). This work presents a novel solution (WebTag) for a direct IP based access to a sensor tag over the Near Field Communication (NFC) technology for secure applications. WebTag allows a direct web access to the sensor tag by means of a standard web browser, it reads the sensor data, configures the sampling rate and implements IP based security policies. It is, definitely, a new step towards the evolution of the Internet of Things paradigm. PMID:23012511

  9. WebTag: Web Browsing into Sensor Tags over NFC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Jose Echevarria

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs continue to overcome many of the challenges related to wireless sensor monitoring, such as for example the design of smarter embedded processors, the improvement of the network architectures, the development of efficient communication protocols or the maximization of the life cycle autonomy. This work tries to improve the communication link of the data transmission in wireless sensor monitoring. The upstream communication link is usually based on standard IP technologies, but the downstream side is always masked with the proprietary protocols used for the wireless link (like ZigBee, Bluetooth, RFID, etc.. This work presents a novel solution (WebTag for a direct IP based access to a sensor tag over the Near Field Communication (NFC technology for secure applications. WebTag allows a direct web access to the sensor tag by means of a standard web browser, it reads the sensor data, configures the sampling rate and implements IP based security policies. It is, definitely, a new step towards the evolution of the Internet of Things paradigm.

  10. Graph-Based Methods for Discovery Browsing with Semantic Predications

    OpenAIRE

    Wilkowski, Bartlomiej; Fiszman, Marcelo; Miller, Christopher M.; Hristovski, Dimitar; Arabandi, Sivaram; Rosemblat, Graciela; Rindflesch, Thomas C.

    2011-01-01

    We present an extension to literature-based discovery that goes beyond making discoveries to a principled way of navigating through selected aspects of some biomedical domain. The method is a type of “discovery browsing” that guides the user through the research literature on a specified phenomenon. Poorly understood relationships may be explored through novel points of view, and potentially interesting relationships need not be known ahead of time. In a process of “cooperative reciprocity” t...

  11. An Educational Tool for Browsing the Semantic Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Sujin; Kim, Younghwan; Park, Seongbin

    2013-01-01

    The Semantic Web is an extension of the current Web where information is represented in a machine processable way. It is not separate from the current Web and one of the confusions that novice users might have is where the Semantic Web is. In fact, users can easily encounter RDF documents that are components of the Semantic Web while they navigate…

  12. Safe browsing - is an ad-blocker enough?

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    An ad-blocker plugin in your browser stops advertisements and maybe some malware. But is it enough? Are you feeling secure while surfing the Web? If your answer is yes, think twice! What else can you do to protect yourself?

  13. Compact Web browsing profiles for click-through rate prediction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fruergaard, Bjarne Ørum; Hansen, Lars Kai

    2014-01-01

    In real time advertising we are interested in finding features that improve click-through rate prediction. One source of available information is the bipartite graph of websites previously engaged by identifiable users. In this work, we investigate three different decompositions of such a graph w...

  14. WebTag: Web browsing into sensor tags over NFC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echevarria, Juan Jose; Ruiz-de-Garibay, Jonathan; Legarda, Jon; Alvarez, Maite; Ayerbe, Ana; Vazquez, Juan Ignacio

    2012-01-01

    Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) continue to overcome many of the challenges related to wireless sensor monitoring, such as for example the design of smarter embedded processors, the improvement of the network architectures, the development of efficient communication protocols or the maximization of the life cycle autonomy. This work tries to improve the communication link of the data transmission in wireless sensor monitoring. The upstream communication link is usually based on standard IP technologies, but the downstream side is always masked with the proprietary protocols used for the wireless link (like ZigBee, Bluetooth, RFID, etc.). This work presents a novel solution (WebTag) for a direct IP based access to a sensor tag over the Near Field Communication (NFC) technology for secure applications. WebTag allows a direct web access to the sensor tag by means of a standard web browser, it reads the sensor data, configures the sampling rate and implements IP based security policies. It is, definitely, a new step towards the evolution of the Internet of Things paradigm. PMID:23012511

  15. Finding, Browsing and Getting Data Easily Using SPDF Web Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candey, R.; Chimiak, R.; Harris, B.; Johnson, R.; Kovalick, T.; Lal, N.; Leckner, H.; Liu, M.; McGuire, R.; Papitashvili, N.; Roberts, A.

    2010-01-01

    The NASA GSFC Space Physics Data Facility (5PDF) provides heliophysics science-enabling information services for enhancing scientific research and enabling integration of these services into the Heliophysics Data Environment paradigm, via standards-based approach (SOAP) and Representational State Transfer (REST) web services in addition to web browser, FTP, and OPeNDAP interfaces. We describe these interfaces and the philosophies behind these web services, and show how to call them from various languages, such as IDL and Perl. We are working towards a "one simple line to call" philosophy extolled in the recent VxO discussions. Combining data from many instruments and missions enables broad research analysis and correlation and coordination with other experiments and missions.

  16. Click-wrap ja browse-wrap -sopimustekniikat

    OpenAIRE

    Ansio, Erik

    2014-01-01

    Vain tiivistelmÀ. OpinnÀytteiden arkistokappaleet ovat luettavissa Helsingin yliopiston kirjastossa. Hae HELKA-tietokannasta (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka/index.htm). Abstract only. The paper copy of the whole thesis is available for reading room use at the Helsinki University Library. Search HELKA online catalog (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka/index.htm). Endast avhandlingens sammandrag. Pappersexemplaret av hela avhandlingen finns för lÀsesalsbruk i Helsingfors universitets bibliote...

  17. HEALTH GeoJunction: place-time-concept browsing of health publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turton Ian J

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The volume of health science publications is escalating rapidly. Thus, keeping up with developments is becoming harder as is the task of finding important cross-domain connections. When geographic location is a relevant component of research reported in publications, these tasks are more difficult because standard search and indexing facilities have limited or no ability to identify geographic foci in documents. This paper introduces HEALTH GeoJunction, a web application that supports researchers in the task of quickly finding scientific publications that are relevant geographically and temporally as well as thematically. Results HEALTH GeoJunction is a geovisual analytics-enabled web application providing: (a web services using computational reasoning methods to extract place-time-concept information from bibliographic data for documents and (b visually-enabled place-time-concept query, filtering, and contextualizing tools that apply to both the documents and their extracted content. This paper focuses specifically on strategies for visually-enabled, iterative, facet-like, place-time-concept filtering that allows analysts to quickly drill down to scientific findings of interest in PubMed abstracts and to explore relations among abstracts and extracted concepts in place and time. The approach enables analysts to: find publications without knowing all relevant query parameters, recognize unanticipated geographic relations within and among documents in multiple health domains, identify the thematic emphasis of research targeting particular places, notice changes in concepts over time, and notice changes in places where concepts are emphasized. Conclusions PubMed is a database of over 19 million biomedical abstracts and citations maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information; achieving quick filtering is an important contribution due to the database size. Including geography in filters is important due to rapidly escalating attention to geographic factors in public health. The implementation of mechanisms for iterative place-time-concept filtering makes it possible to narrow searches efficiently and quickly from thousands of documents to a small subset that meet place-time-concept constraints. Support for a more-like-this query creates the potential to identify unexpected connections across diverse areas of research. Multi-view visualization methods support understanding of the place, time, and concept components of document collections and enable comparison of filtered query results to the full set of publications.

  18. Browsing the Real World using Organic Electronics, Si-Chips, and a Human Touch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berggren, Magnus; Simon, Daniel T; Nilsson, David; Dyreklev, Peter; Norberg, Petronella; Nordlinder, Staffan; Ersman, Peter Andersson; Gustafsson, Göran; Wikner, J Jacob; Hederén, Jan; Hentzell, Hans

    2016-03-01

    Organic electronics have been developed according to an orthodox doctrine advocating "all-printed'', "all-organic'' and "ultra-low-cost'' primarily targeting various e-paper applications. In order to harvest from the great opportunities afforded with organic electronics potentially operating as communication and sensor outposts within existing and future complex communication infrastructures, high-quality computing and communication protocols must be integrated with the organic electronics. Here, we debate and scrutinize the twinning of the signal-processing capability of traditional integrated silicon chips with organic electronics and sensors, and to use our body as a natural local network with our bare hand as the browser of the physical world. The resulting platform provides a body network, i.e., a personalized web, composed of e-label sensors, bioelectronics, and mobile devices that together make it possible to monitor and record both our ambience and health-status parameters, supported by the ubiquitous mobile network and the resources of the "cloud". PMID:26742807

  19. Can we reconstruct deer browsing history and how? Lessons from Gaultheria shallon Pursh

    OpenAIRE

    Vila, Bruno; Guibal, Frédéric; Torre, Franck; Martin, Jean-Louis

    2005-01-01

    Est-il possible de reconstituer l'histoire de l'abroutissement et comment ? Ce que nous apprend Gaultheria shallon Pursh. Nous avons identifié et analysé les signatures relatives à l'abroutissement du cerf à queue noire (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis) sur le salal (Gaultheria shallon) et utilisé celles-ci pour reconstituer son histoire. L'analyse de la croissance radiale a révélé des décroissances brutales probablement liées à des défoliations. La pression et l'histoire d'abroutissement sont ...

  20. Rumen Fermentation, Blood Metabolites, and Performance of Sheep Fed Tropical Browse Plants

    OpenAIRE

    D.A. Astuti; A. S. Baba; I.W.T. Wibawan2

    2011-01-01

    The in vitro study was designed to evaluate total gas production, dry matter degradability (DMD), and VFA profile; while in vivo study was designed to evaluate nutrient intakes, blood metabolites, and performance of sheep fed native grass mixed with Calliandra calothyrrus (CC), Leucaena leucochepala (LL), Moringa oleifera (MO), Gliricidea sepium (GS), and Artocarpus heterophyllus (AH). The best three from the in vitro results were used to formulate diets in in vivo study. Sixteen male growing...

  1. GlycoGAIT: A web database to browse glycogenes and lectins under gastric inflammatory diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oommen, Anup Mammen; Somaiya, Neeti; Vijayan, Jisha; Kumar, Satheesh; Venkatachalam, Suri; Joshi, Lokesh

    2016-10-01

    The perplexing nature of dynamic glycosylation modification plays imperative role in determining the regulatory role of key glycoconjugates involved in immune system. Systematic analysis of change in expression pattern of glycogenes and lectins can bring in a comprehensive understanding of genetic basis of the glycobiological changes occurring in pathological condition. Advancement in the field of glycobiology has capacitated the process of linking gene expression changes of glycogenes with its biological function. This instigated us to systematically analyze changes in expression patterns focusing on glycome genomics under diverse gastrointestinal immune dysfunction background. To necessitate this, as a pilot project, we carefully integrated several publically available databases to construct a glycosylation process associated gene set as well as public expression microarray data associated with gastrointestinal infections into an online database called Glycosylation and Gut Associated Immune Tolerance (GlycoGAIT). Currently the database comprises of 548 well characterized genes belonging to glycogenes and lectins along with gene expression data obtained from human biopsy samples under both H. pylori infection and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) condition. The user-friendly interface enables the users to quickly compare and interpret changes in expression patterns of glycome genomics under different gut associated inflammatory conditions. The database is available online at: https://apps.connexios.com/glycogait/. PMID:27436239

  2. News from the Library: Browse Library books directly from your desktop

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Library

    2011-01-01

    The collection of electronic books held by the Library is steadily expanding, but there are still many titles not available online. However, to some extent Google is bridging the gap.   Google Books is an initiative launched by Google in 2004, in collaboration with a range of publishers and large libraries, which provides the books online and enables searches of the text from cover to cover. For titles that are out of copyright, or in cases where Google has struck an agreement with the publisher, the entire books can be read online. For other books, users can still search in the entire text but, depending on the agreement reached with the publisher, they may only be able to read a limited amount of pages (limited preview) or a few lines of text (known as snippets). Google Books also provides additional information such as reviews and links to related titles. Today, there are more than 15 million scanned books in Google Books. Over the last few weeks, Google Books has been "mashed up&...

  3. Do User (Browse and Click) Sessions Relate to Their Questions in a Domain-specific Collection?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinhauer, Jeremy; Delcambre, Lois M.L.; Lykke, Marianne;

    2013-01-01

    We seek to improve information retrieval in a domain-specific col-lection by clustering user sessions as recorded in a click log and then classifying later user sessions in real-time. As a preliminary step, we explore, the main as-sumption of this approach: whether user sessions in such a site...... relate to the question that they are answering. The contribution of this paper is the evalua-tion of the suitability of common machine learning metrics (measuring the dis-tance between two sessions) to distinguish sessions of users searching for the answer to same or different questions. We found that...... sessions for people an-swering the same question are significantly different that those answering dif-ferent questions, but results are dependent on the distance metric used. We ex-plain why some distance metrics performed better than others....

  4. A literature-based approach to annotation and browsing of Web resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel A. Sicilia

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The emerging Semantic Web technologies critically depend on the availability of shared knowledge representations called ontologies, which are intended to encode consensual knowledge about specific domains. Currently, the proposed processes for building and maintaining those ontologies entail the joint effort of groups of representative domain experts, which can be expensive in terms of co-ordination and in terms of time to reach consensus.In this paper, literature-based ontologies, which can be initially developed by a single expert and maintained continuously, are proposed as preliminary alternatives to group-generated domain ontologies, or as early versions for them. These ontologies encode domain knowledge in the form of terms and relations along with the (formal or informal bibliographical resources that define or deal with them, which makes them specially useful for domains in which a common terminology or jargon is not soundly established. A general-purpose metamodelling framework for literature-based ontologies - which has been used in two concrete domains - is described, along with a proposed methodology and a specific resource annotation approach. In addition, the implementation of an RDF-based Web resource browser - that uses the ontologies to guide the user in the exploration of a corpus of digital resources- is presented as a proof of concept.

  5. GoWeb: Semantic Search and Browsing for the Life Sciences

    OpenAIRE

    Dietze, Heiko

    2010-01-01

    Searching is a fundamental task to support research. Current search engines are keyword-based. Semantic technologies promise a next generation of semantic search engines, which will be able to answer questions. Current approaches either apply natural language processing to unstructured text or they assume the existence of structured statements over which they can reason. This work provides a system for combining the classical keyword-based search engines with semantic annotation. Conventi...

  6. Reduction of herbivore density as a tool for reduction of herbivore browsing on palatable tree species

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kamler, Jiří; Homolka, Miloslav; Barančeková, Miroslava; Krojerová-Prokešová, Jarmila

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 129, č. 2 (2010), s. 155-162. ISSN 1612-4669 R&D Projects: GA ČR GP206/03/P134; GA MŠk LC06073 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : herbivore impact * habitat use * forest regeneration * spruce * beech * rowan Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour Impact factor: 1.942, year: 2010

  7. Analysis of search and browsing behavior of young users on the web

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duarte Torres, Sergio; Weber, Ingmar; Hiemstra, Djoerd; Najork, M.

    2014-01-01

    The Internet is increasingly used by young children for all kinds of purposes. Nonetheless, there are not many resources especially designed for children on the Internet and most of the content online is designed for grown up users. This situation is problematic if we consider the large differences

  8. Discovering Potential User Browsing Behaviors Using Custom-Built Apriori Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandeep Singh Rawat

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Most of the organizations put information on the web because they want it to be seen by the world. Theirgoal is to have visitors come to the site, feel comfortable and stay a while and try to know completelyabout the running organization. As educational system increasingly requires data mining, the opportunityarises to mine the resulting large amounts of student information for hidden useful information (patternslike rule, clustering, and classification, etc. The education domain offers ground for many interestingand challenging data mining applications like astronomy, chemistry, engineering, climate studies,geology, oceanography, ecology, physics, biology, health sciences and computer science.Collecting the interesting patterns using the required interestingness measures, which help us indiscovering the sophisticated patterns that are ultimately used for developing the site. We study theapplication of data mining to educational log data collected from Guru Nanak Institute of Technology,Ibrahimpatnam, India. We have proposed a custom-built apriori algorithm to find the effective patternanalysis. Finally, analyzing web logs for usage and access trends can not only provide importantinformation to web site developers and administrators, but also help in creating adaptive web sites.

  9. Discovering Potential User Browsing Behaviors Using Custom-Built Apriori Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Sandeep Singh Rawat; Lakshmi Rajamani

    2010-01-01

    Most of the organizations put information on the web because they want it to be seen by the world. Their goal is to have visitors come to the site, feel comfortable and stay a while and try to know completely about the running organization. As educational system increasingly requires data mining, the opportunity arises to mine the resulting large amounts of student information for hidden useful information (patterns like rule, clustering, and classification, etc). The education domain offers ...

  10. Phagonaute: A web-based interface for phage synteny browsing and protein function prediction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delattre, Hadrien; Souiai, Oussema; Fagoonee, Khema; Guerois, Raphaël; Petit, Marie-Agnès

    2016-09-01

    Distant homology search tools are of great help to predict viral protein functions. However, due to the lack of profile databases dedicated to viruses, they can lack sensitivity. We constructed HMM profiles for more than 80,000 proteins from both phages and archaeal viruses, and performed all pairwise comparisons with HHsearch program. The whole resulting database can be explored through a user-friendly "Phagonaute" interface to help predict functions. Results are displayed together with their genetic context, to strengthen inferences based on remote homology. Beyond function prediction, this tool permits detections of co-occurrences, often indicative of proteins completing a task together, and observation of conserved patterns across large evolutionary distances. As a test, Herpes simplex virus I was added to Phagonaute, and 25% of its proteome matched to bacterial or archaeal viral protein counterparts. Phagonaute should therefore help virologists in their quest for protein functions and evolutionary relationships. PMID:27254594

  11. A Collection of Visual Thesauri for Browsing Large Collections of Geographic Images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsey, Marshall C.; Chen, Hsinchun; Zhu, Bin; Schatz, Bruce R.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses problems in creating indices and thesauri for digital libraries of geo-spatial multimedia content and proposes a scalable method to automatically generate visual thesauri of large collections of geo-spatial media using fuzzy, unsupervised machine-learning techniques. Uses satellite photographs as examples and discusses texture-based…

  12. TCP and web browsing performance in case of bi-directional packet loss

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooij, R.E.; Mei, R.D. van der; Yang, R.

    2010-01-01

    Performance modeling of the transport control protocol (TCP) has received a lot of attention over the past few years. The most commonly quoted results are approximate formulas for TCP throughput (Padhye et al. (2000) [1]) and document download times (Cardwell et al. (2000) [2]) which are used for di

  13. Histochemistry through the years, browsing a long-established journal: novelties in traditional subjects

    OpenAIRE

    Pellicciari, C.

    2010-01-01

    Histochemical journals represent a traditional forum where methodological and technological improvements can be presented and validated in view of their applications to investigate not only cytology and histology in normal and diseased conditions but to test as well hypotheses on more basic issues for life sciences, such as comparative and evolutionary biology. The earliest scientific journals on histochemistry began their publication in the first half of the ‘50s of the last century, a...

  14. Histochemistry through the years, browsing a long-established journal: novelties in traditional subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Pellicciari

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Histochemical journals represent a traditional forum where methodological and technological improvements can be presented and validated in view of their applications to investigate not only cytology and histology in normal and diseased conditions but to test as well hypotheses on more basic issues for life sciences, such as comparative and evolutionary biology. The earliest scientific journals on histochemistry began their publication in the first half of the ‘50s of the last century, and their readership did not probably change over the years; rather, the authors’ interests may have progressively been changing as well as the main topics of their articles. This hypothesis is discussed, based on the subjects of the article published in the first and last ten years in the European Journal of Histochemistry, as an example of old journal which started publication in 1954, being since then the official organ of the Italian Society of Histochemistry. This survey confirmed that histochemistry has provided and still offers unique opportunities for studying the structure, chemical composition and function of cells and tissues in a wide variety of living organisms, especially when the topological distribution of specific molecular components has diagnostic or predictive significance, as it occurs in human and veterinary biology and pathology. Some subjects (e.g. histochemistry applied to muscle cells or to mineralized tissues have recently become rather popular, whereas a wider application of the histochemical approach may be envisaged for plant cells and tissues.

  15. Lightweight genome viewer: portable software for browsing genomics data in its chromosomal context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gardner Timothy S

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Lightweight genome viewer (lwgv is a web-based tool for visualization of sequence annotations in their chromosomal context. It performs most of the functions of larger genome browsers, while relying on standard flat-file formats and bypassing the database needs of most visualization tools. Visualization as an aide to discovery requires display of novel data in conjunction with static annotations in their chromosomal context. With database-based systems, displaying dynamic results requires temporary tables that need to be tracked for removal. Results lwgv simplifies the visualization of user-generated results on a local computer. The dynamic results of these analyses are written to transient files, which can import static content from a more permanent file. lwgv is currently used in many different applications, from whole genome browsers to single-gene RNAi design visualization, demonstrating its applicability in a large variety of contexts and scales. Conclusion lwgv provides a lightweight alternative to large genome browsers for visualizing biological annotations and dynamic analyses in their chromosomal context. It is particularly suited for applications ranging from short sequences to medium-sized genomes when the creation and maintenance of a large software and database infrastructure is not necessary or desired.

  16. Lightweight genome viewer: portable software for browsing genomics data in its chromosomal context

    OpenAIRE

    Gardner Timothy S; Olson Andrew J; Faith Jeremiah J; Sachidanandam Ravi

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Lightweight genome viewer (lwgv) is a web-based tool for visualization of sequence annotations in their chromosomal context. It performs most of the functions of larger genome browsers, while relying on standard flat-file formats and bypassing the database needs of most visualization tools. Visualization as an aide to discovery requires display of novel data in conjunction with static annotations in their chromosomal context. With database-based systems, displaying dynamic...

  17. Location-aware gang graffiti acquisition and browsing on a mobile device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parra, Albert; Boutin, Mireille; Delp, Edward J.

    2012-02-01

    In this paper we describe a mobile-based system that allows first responders to identify and track gang graffiti by combining the use of image analysis and location-based-services. The gang graffiti image and metadata (geoposition, date and time) obtained automatically are transferred to a server and uploaded to a database of graffiti images. The database can then be queried with the matched results sent back to the mobile device where the user can then review the results and provide extra inputs to refine the information.

  18. Discovering potential user browsing behaviors using custom-built apriori algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Rawat, Sandeep Singh

    2010-01-01

    Most of the organizations put information on the web because they want it to be seen by the world. Their goal is to have visitors come to the site, feel comfortable and stay a while and try to know completely about the running organization. As educational system increasingly requires data mining, the opportunity arises to mine the resulting large amounts of student information for hidden useful information (patterns like rule, clustering, and classification, etc). The education domain offers ground for many interesting and challenging data mining applications like astronomy, chemistry, engineering, climate studies, geology, oceanography, ecology, physics, biology, health sciences and computer science. Collecting the interesting patterns using the required interestingness measures, which help us in discovering the sophisticated patterns that are ultimately used for developing the site. We study the application of data mining to educational log data collected from Guru Nanak Institute of Technology, Ibrahimpatn...

  19. 3D-centered media linking and semantic enrichment through integrated searching, browsing, viewing and annotating

    OpenAIRE

    Pena Serna, Sebastian; Scopigno, Roberto; Doerr, Martin; Theodoridou, Maria; Georgis, Christos; Ponchio, Federico; Stork, Andre

    2011-01-01

    The digitally documented world heritage is archived in databases or repositories, where collections of metadata, images, multimedia objects or nowadays even digital 3D artifacts can be stored and queried. Modeling and linking all this information is complex and involves refined categorizations and relations, which are usually accessed by either simplistic or overwhelmingly complex interfaces. Hence, finding the right level of abstraction for a general interface is very challenging. This becom...

  20. Investigating the Effect of Implicit Browsing Behaviour on Students’ Performance in a Task Specific Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Akuma

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on how students access web pages in a task specific information retrieval. An investigation on how students search the web for their current needs was carried out and students’ behavioural characteristics as they surf the internet to answer some given online multiple choice questions was collected. Twenty three students participated in the study and a number of behavioural characteristics were captured. Camtasia studio 7 was used to record their searching activity. The result shows that 328 web pages were visited by the students, and among the parameters captured, the time spent on the search task has a stronger correlation with the students’ performance than any other captured parameter. The time spent on a document can be used as a good implicit indicator to infer learner’s interest in a context based recommender system.

  1. Virtual reality approach for 3D large model browsing on web site

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Using virtual reality for interactive design gives a designer an intuitive vision of a design and allows the designer to achieve a viable, optimal solution in a timely manner. The article discusses the process of making the Virtual Reality System of the Humble Administrator's Garden. Translating building data to the Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) is by far unsatisfactory. This creates a challenge for computer designers to do optimization to meet requirements. Five different approaches to optimize models have been presented in this paper. The other methods are to optimize VRML and to reduce the file size. This is done by keeping polygon counts to a minimum and by applying such techniques as object culling and level-of-detail switching.

  2. The Event Browser:An Intutive Approach to Browsing BaBar Object Databases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AdeyemiAdesanya

    2001-01-01

    Providing efficient access to more than 300TB of experiment data is the responsibility of the BaBar1 Databases Group.Unlike generic tools,The Event Browser presents users with an abstraction of the BaBar data model.Multithreaded CORBA2 servers perform database operations using small transactions in an effort to avoid lock contention issues and provide adequate response times.The GUI client is implemented in Java and can be easily deployed throughout the community in the form of a web applet.The browser allows users to examine collections of related physics events and identify associations between the collections and the physical files in which they reside,helping administrators distribute data to other sites worldwide,This paper discusses the various aspects of the Event Browser including requirements,design challenges and key features of the current implementation.

  3. Technical Evaluation Report 60: The World-Wide Inaccessible Web, Part 1: Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Batchuluun Batpurev

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Two studies are reported, comparing the browser loading times of webpages created using common Web development techniques. The loading speeds were estimated in 12 Asian countries by members of the PANdora network, funded by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC to conduct collaborative research in the development of effective distance education (DE practices. An online survey tool with stopwatch-type counter was used. Responses were obtained from Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Mongolia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. In most of the survey conditions, browser loading times were noted up to four times slower than commonly prescribed as acceptable. Failure of pages to load at all was frequent. The speediest loading times were observed when the online material was hosted locally, and was created either in the Docebo learning management system (LMS, or in the HTML option provided by the Moodle LMS. It is recommended that formative evaluation of this type should become standard practice in the selection and use of online programming techniques, in order to preserve the accessibility of the World-Wide-Web across large geographical distances, as for DE in the developing world.

  4. The grain quality losses of wheat and barley caused by stress of simulated game browsing

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vejražka, K.; Cerkal, R.; Kamler, Jiří; Dvořák, J.; Knotová, D.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 37, Suppl. 1 (2009), s. 655-658. ISSN 0133-3720. [Alps-Adria Scientific Workshop /8./. Neum, 27.4.2009-02.05.2009] R&D Projects: GA MZe(CZ) QF4192 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : biotic stress * damage caused by game * defoliation * leaf area reduction * grain quality * barley * wheat Subject RIV: GF - Plant Pathology, Vermin, Weed, Plant Protection Impact factor: 1.190, year: 2007

  5. The Effects of Browse Time on the Internet on Students' Essay Scores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doan, Kim; Bloomfield, Aaron

    2014-01-01

    This study examined how 30 minutes of search time on the Web affected students' essay scores in response to a writing prompt. Expository essays were obtained from 49 fourth- and fifth-grade students enrolled in an elementary school in Virginia, in the United States. Students were placed by random assignment into three groups with the same…

  6. The preference by browsing in floodplain forest - the role of abundance and nutrient content

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Barančeková, Miroslava; Prokešová, Jarmila; Homolka, Miloslav; Kamler, Jiří

    Hamburg: DSV-Verlag, 2005 - (Pohlmeyer, K.), s. 278-279 ISBN 3-88412-431-5. [IUGB Congress /27./. Hannover (DE), 28.08.2005-03.09.2005] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : deer * NIRS analyses * shrub layer Subject RIV: EG - Zoology

  7. Impact of ungulate browsing on leaf litter palatability for millipedes (Diplopoda)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ashili, P.; Tajovský, Karel; Tuf, I.H.; Tufová, J.

    České Budějovice: ISB BC AS CR, 2009, s. 1-4. ISBN 978-80-86525-13-6. [Contributions to Soil Zoology in Central Europe III. Central European Workshop on Soil Zoology /9./. České Budějovice (CZ), 17.04.2007-20.04.2007] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA526/06/1348 Grant ostatní: GA MŠk(CZ) 2B06101 Institutional research pla n: CEZ:AV0Z60660521 Keywords : food preference * millipedes * leaf litter Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  8. Using an ontology for interoperability and browsing of museum, library and archive information

    OpenAIRE

    Le Boeuf, P; Sinclair, P.; Martinez, K; Lewis, P.; Aitken, G.; C. Lahanier

    2005-01-01

    Ontologies play an important part in the development of the future ‘semantic web’; the CIDOC conceptual reference model (CRM) is an ontology aimed at the cultural heritage domain. This paper describes a Concept Browser, developed for the EU/IST-funded SCULPTEUR project (semantic and content-based multimedia exploitation for European benefit environment (programme IST-2001-no. 35372); May 2002 to May 2005), which is able to access different museum information systems through a common ontology,...

  9. maxdLoad2 and maxdBrowse: standards-compliant tools for microarray experimental annotation, data management and dissemination

    OpenAIRE

    Nashar Karim; Wood A Joseph; Hulme Helen; Hayes Andrew; Morrison Norman; Velarde Giles; Wilson Michael; Hancock David; Kell Douglas B; Brass Andy

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background maxdLoad2 is a relational database schema and Java® application for microarray experimental annotation and storage. It is compliant with all standards for microarray meta-data capture; including the specification of what data should be recorded, extensive use of standard ontologies and support for data exchange formats. The output from maxdLoad2 is of a form acceptable for submission to the ArrayExpress microarray repository at the European Bioinformatics Institute. maxdBr...

  10. On Web User Tracking: How Third-Party Http Requests Track Users' Browsing Patterns for Personalised Advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Puglisi, Silvia; Rebollo-Monedero, David; Forné, Jordi

    2016-01-01

    On today's Web, users trade access to their private data for content and services. Advertising sustains the business model of many websites and applications. Efficient and successful advertising relies on predicting users' actions and tastes to suggest a range of products to buy. It follows that, while surfing the Web users leave traces regarding their identity in the form of activity patterns and unstructured data. We analyse how advertising networks build user footprints and how the suggest...

  11. Landscape of fear in Europe: wolves affect spatial patterns of ungulate browsing in Bialowieza Primeval Forest, Poland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuijper, D.P.J.; Kleine, de C.; Churski, M.; Hooft, van W.F.; Bubnicki, J.; Jedrzejewska, B.

    2013-01-01

    Large carnivores can either directly influence ungulate populations or indirectly affect their behaviour. Knowledge from European systems, in contrast to North American systems, on how this might lead to cascading effects on lower trophic levels is virtually absent. We studied whether wolves Canis l

  12. Evaluating distance-based clustering for user (browse and click) sessions in a domain-specific collection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinhauer, Jeremy; Delcambre, Lois M.L.; Lykke, Marianne;

    2014-01-01

    We seek to improve information retrieval in a domain-specific collection by clustering user sessions from a click log and then classifying later user sessions in real time. As a preliminary step, we explore the main assumption of this approach: whether user sessions in such a site are related to...... that worked well to differentiate sessions, worked significantly better than the other when clustering. Finally, we discuss why some distance metrics performed better than others in the two parts of our work....

  13. 网络用户浏览行为的分析%Internet Users’ Browsing Behaviors Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亮; 赵娜

    2016-01-01

    近年来, Web 使用挖掘成为数据挖掘领域中一个新的研究热点, Web 使用挖掘是从记录了大量网络用户行为信息的 Web 日志中发现用户访问行为特征和潜在规律。本文结合某高校主页的真实运行数据,通过 Web 使用挖掘对于网站的运行日志文件进行全面的挖掘分析,分析用户对信息内容的兴趣度,并通过用户对网页的访问数据推算出各个页面受众的兴趣度高低,借此改良网站的内容和布局。%In recent years, web usage mining has become a new hotspot in the field of data mining. From the web logs which record information of a large number of network user‟s behavior, web usage mining discovers the characteristics and potential user access law. This paper uses many real running dates of college homepage. Aiming at running log files, we carry out a comprehensive analysis by using the web mining. Analyzing the interest measure of user to the information content. By using the user access to the page, the system can calculate the user data level of interest on each page, and thereby improving the content and layout of the site.

  14. Matching Element Symbols with State Abbreviations: A Fun Activity for Browsing the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woelk, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    A classroom activity is presented in which students are challenged to find matches between the United States two-letter postal abbreviations for states and chemical element symbols. The activity aims to lessen negative apprehensions students might have when the periodic table of the elements with its more than 100 combinations of letters is first…

  15. The Mobile Browsing Behaviors and Expectations of College-Bound High School Students. An E-Expectations Trend Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noel-Levitz, Inc, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The last decade marked a dramatic change in the college search experience as students flocked to the Internet as their primary tool for researching colleges. Institutions had to transform their recruitment efforts to keep up with the online demands and expectations of prospective students. The proliferation of smartphones is transforming the…

  16. Chemical Compound Navigator: A Web-Based Chem-BLAST, Chemical Taxonomy-Based Search Engine for Browsing Compounds

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Prasanna, M. D.; Vondrášek, Jiří; Wlodawer, A.; Rodriguez, H.; Bhat, T. N.

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 63, č. 4 (2006), s. 907-917. ISSN 0887-3585 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : HIV * AIDS * drug discovery * chemical data-tree Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 3.730, year: 2006

  17. 基于代理服务器的协作浏览%Collaborative Browsing Based on WWW Proxy Server

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王实; 高文; 杜建平; 李锦涛

    2002-01-01

    When a user accesses Internet through WWW Proxy Server,he has some kinds of interest.The Proxy Server will record his basic access information in Log.Through minging the Log,we can get the interest and evaluation of the user to the Web site visited by him.His interest and evaluation to a Web site can be represented through his access time and frequency to the Web site.If a user has some kinds of interest to some Web site can be represented through his access time and frequency to the Web stie.If a user has some kinds of interest to some Web sites,the other Web sites that are accessed by some other users having the same interest can be recommended to him.The content of the Web sites dosn''''t be considered.This paper presents an approach to mine the Proxy Log,provides the evaluation about a user to a Web site,and emploies the neighborhood-based collaborative filtering approach to provide the recommendation.

  18. Seasonal variation of macro and trace mineral contents in 14 browse species that grow in northeastern Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez, R G.; Haenlein, G F.W.; Núñez-González, M A.

    2001-02-01

    Leaves and twigs from shrub species consumed by range goats: Acacia berlandieri, Acacia farnesiana, Acacia greggii, Acacia rigidula, Celtis pallida, Cercidium macrum, Condalia obovata, Cordia boissieri, Desmanthus virgathus, Leucaena leucocephala, Leucophyllum texanum, Opuntia lindehimieri, Porlieria angustifolia, Prosopis glandulosa, and Ziziphus obtusifolia were evaluated for comparative seasonal contents of Ca, P, Mg K, Zn, Mn, Cu and Fe. Plants were collected in summer (September 12, 1992), fall (November 20, 1992), winter (February 20, 1993) and spring (May 22, 1993) in Marín, County, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. During spring and summer mineral concentrations were higher in general. Only Ca, Mg, K, and Fe were in substantial amounts in all seasons to meet adult goat requirements. With the exception of spring, shrubs had extremely low P concentrations. Manganese, Cu and Zn in most plants had low marginal levels to meet adult goat requirements. Moreover, potential intake of P, Mn, Cu and Zn in shrub species by goats weighing 50kg BW consuming 2.0kg per day DM was low. However, plants such as D. virgathus, L. texanum, P. glandulosa, L. leucocephala and C. macrum can be considered prominent components in diets of range goats because of their high mineral concentrations. It appears that ration formulations for range goats in northeastern Mexico should include P, Mn, Cu and Zn in all seasons of the year. PMID:11182308

  19. Animals: Disease Risks for People

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the Knowledge Base Browse AVMA Policies Browse by Animal/Species Browse by Topic Browse by Discipline Resources ... Your Veterinarian Pet Care Currently selected Emergency Care Animal Welfare Veterinary Careers Public Health Disease Risks for ...

  20. Assessment of undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources of Bonaparte Basin, Browse Basin, Northwest Shelf, and Gippsland Basin Provinces, Australia, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollastro, Richard M.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Kirschbaum, Mark A.; Pitman, Janet K.; Schenk, Christopher J.

    2012-01-01

    Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated means of 4.7 billion barrels of undiscovered oil and 227 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered natural gas in three major offshore petroleum basins of northwest Australia and in the Gippsland Basin of southeast Australia.

  1. The impact of seed predation and browsing on natural sessile oak regeneration under different light conditions in an over-aged coppice stand

    OpenAIRE

    Kamler J; Dobrovolný L; Drimaj J; Kadavý J; Kneifl M; Adamec Z; Knott R; Martiník A; Plhal R; Zeman J; Hrbek J

    2016-01-01

    Sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) is one of the most important commercial species cultivated at low altitudes in the Czech Republic, and over-aged coppices are a significant part of oak stands in the region. In order to secure a high-valuable timber production (e.g., through conversion of such stands into coppices-with-standards), knowledge of the potential and limits of generative regeneration is essential. This study was conducted in three oak-dominated over-aged coppice stands i...

  2. Early and long-term impacts of browsing by roe deer in oak coppiced woods along a gradient of population density

    OpenAIRE

    Francesco Chianucci; Luca Mattioli; Emilio Amorini; Tessa Giannini; Andrea Marcon; Roberta Chirichella; Marco Apollonio; Andrea Cutini

    2015-01-01

    Over the last few decades, wild ungulate populations have exhibited relevant geographic and demographic expansion in most European countries; roe deer is amongst the most widespread ungulate species. The increasing roe deer densities have led to strong impact on forest regeneration; the problem has been recently recognized in coppice woods, a silvicultural system which is widespread in Italy, where it amounts to about 56% of the total national forested area.In this study we investigated the e...

  3. Performing statistical analyses on quantitative data in Taverna workflows: an example using R and maxdBrowse to identify differentially-expressed genes from microarray data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, P.; Castrillo, J.I.; Velarde, G.; Wassink, I.; Soiland-Reyes, S.; Owen, S.; Withers, D.; Oinn, T.; Pocock, M.R.; Goble, C.A.; Oliver, S.G.; Kell, D.B.

    2008-01-01

    Background: There has been a dramatic increase in the amount of quantitative data derived from the measurement of changes at different levels of biological complexity during the post-genomic era. However, there are a number of issues associated with the use of computational tools employed for the an

  4. Performing statistical analyses on quantitative data in Taverna workflows: An example using R and maxdBrowse to identify differentially-expressed genes from microarray data

    OpenAIRE

    Pocock Matthew R; Oinn Tom; Withers David; Owen Stuart; Soiland-Reyes Stian; Wassink Ingo; Velarde Giles; Castrillo Juan I; Li Peter; Goble Carole A; Oliver Stephen G; Kell Douglas B

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background There has been a dramatic increase in the amount of quantitative data derived from the measurement of changes at different levels of biological complexity during the post-genomic era. However, there are a number of issues associated with the use of computational tools employed for the analysis of such data. For example, computational tools such as R and MATLAB require prior knowledge of their programming languages in order to implement statistical analyses on data. Combini...

  5. The impact of seed predation and browsing on natural sessile oak regeneration under different light conditions in an over-aged coppice stand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamler J

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Matt. Liebl. is one of the most important commercial species cultivated at low altitudes in the Czech Republic, and over-aged coppices are a significant part of oak stands in the region. In order to secure a high-valuable timber production (e.g., through conversion of such stands into coppices-with-standards, knowledge of the potential and limits of generative regeneration is essential. This study was conducted in three oak-dominated over-aged coppice stands in different stages of conversion into coppices-with-standards and characterized by different basal area (BA, from 9.3 to 14.1 m2 ha-1 and relative diffuse radiation (ISF, from 12.1 to 35.5%. The study stands were compared with respect to seed predation following acorn fall and oak regeneration parameters. At the time of their fall the acorns represented a sought-after source of food for large mammals (particularly wild boar. At the end of acorn fall, 13-67% acorns were lost due to animal predation. A control evaluation conducted the following spring revealed a decrease of 92-97% in fallen acorns. Despite the major animal impact, a high reserve of acorns and saplings remained in the stands (4 600-29 000 acorns and 66 000-310 000 saplings per ha. With increasing light intensity the oak regeneration density decreased, while the height and age variability of oak regeneration increased. Although saplings were capable of surviving several years under unfavorable light conditions (even below 12% ISF, they require a minimum of 20% ISF (i.e., BA < 16 m2 ha-1 to achieve sustainable height increment. Based on our results, for conversion of such stands into coppices-with-standards we recommend a maximum of 200 reserved trees (BA = 16 m2 ha-1 to achieve successful height growth of the understorey.

  6. Navigation model and mining algorithm for network education's resource browse%网络教育资源浏览的导航模型及其挖掘算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄永青; 凌海峰; 梁昌勇

    2006-01-01

    将Web使用挖掘应用到网络教育领域,分析了其挖掘过程,包括数据采集、数据预处理、模式发现和模式分析;通过建立网络教育资源导航模型,并利用蚁群算法对Web日志数据中使用者的浏览行为进行挖掘;提出一个新的导航路径挖掘算法,可以发现有价值的用户浏览模式,指导用户对教育资源作进一步的搜索,还可以将训练好的网络图用于用户的个性化定制服务.

  7. 基于WEB挖掘的高校档案馆用户浏览行为个性化研究%Personalized Research Combining with Analysis of University Archives user's Browsing Behavior based on Web Mining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑薇

    2008-01-01

    本文首先对当前主要的Web挖掘技术和高校档案馆用户兴趣建模技术进行了分析,提出了以高校档案馆用户在高校档案馆网站浏览内容分析为主.浏览行为分析为辅的高校档案馆用户兴趣挖掘过程模型.而基于Web浏览内容挖掘所得到的用户兴趣模型能较准确地描述用户的兴趣.

  8. Study on Displaying and Browsing several big Size Bitmaps with Windows in Grassland Management System%建立草地管理系统中Windows下多幅大尺寸位图的显示与浏览

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    才永男

    2003-01-01

    @@ 我国草原总面积为4亿hm2 ,占国土面积的40%,其中北方天然草地3.1亿hm2 ,南方草地0.7亿hm2,沿海滩涂草地0.2亿hm2.天然草地的80%又集中分布于中国西北部的内蒙古、甘肃、新疆、青海、西藏等省、自治区的少数民族居住区[1].

  9. 网页浏览任务的用户情感测量模型研究%Development of a Model to Measure Consumer Emotions Associated with Web Browsing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李森; 孙敏; 许娜; 刘凡涛

    2013-01-01

    采用实验与问卷调查相结合的研究方法探索了基于眼动技术的情感测量方法.首先采用问卷调查与专家访谈的形式设定了实验网站和实验任务;然后通过中文版PAD情感量表实验获得不同网站浏览任务下的被试情感状态,同时记录对应的眼动数据,将情感类别作为影响因素对记录的眼动数据进行单因素方差分析,选出与情感变化有关的眼动指标;最后,采用偏最小二乘回归方式建立眼动指标与情感值之间的关系模型.模型分析结果显示该情感预测模型能较好地预测浏览任务下被试情感状态,具有较好的适应性.%In this paper,experimental and survey research methods have been used to explore the emotion measurement methods based on eye tracking technology. At first, experimental websites and tasks are selected by the form of questionnaires and interviews with experts; Indeed, the emotional state of the subjects in the different websites and tasks is obtained with the PAD emotion scale of Chinese version. At the same time, the corresponding eye tracking data have been recorded; In the end, taking emotional categories as influencing factors, the single-factor analysis of variance of eye tracking data has been done, in order to select the eye tracking indicators which related to emotion and then using PLS to establish the model of eye tracking indicators and emotional values. The results showed that the emotional prediction model can play better prediction in the simple operational tasks with better adaptability.

  10. Applications of the in vitro gas method in the evaluation of feed resources, and enhancement of nutritional value of tannin-rich tree/browse leaves and agro-industrial by-products

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A major constraint to increasing livestock productivity in developing countries is the scarcity and fluctuating quantity and quality of the year-round supply of conventional feeds. In order to meet the projected high demand of livestock products, and to fulfil the future hopes of feeding the millions and safeguarding their food security, the better utilisation of non-conventional feed resources which do not compete with human food is imperative. There is also a need to identify and introduce new and lesser known food and feed crops capable of growing in poor soils, which can play a vital role in control of soil erosion, bring economic benefits to farmers, enhance biodiversity, create jobs and bridge the wide gap between supply and demand for animal feeds. This paper highlights the potential of a novel approach using an in vitro rumen fermentation technique for evaluation of nutritional quality of non-conventional feed resources; many of the considerations discussed also apply to conventional feeds. This technique enables selection of a feed for high efficiency of microbial protein synthesis in the rumen along with high dry matter digestibility, and provides a basis for development of feeding strategies to better synchronise energy and nutrient release to maximise substrate fixation into microbial cells. This could lead to increase in the supply of protein to intestine and reduce methane production from ruminants. Tannins are the most widely occurring anti-nutritional factor in non-conventional feeds. General approaches for detanninification and increasing nutritional value of tannin-rich feed resources are also discussed. (author)

  11. Your Pet's Medications

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... by Animal/Species Browse by Topic Browse by Discipline Resources VMA Resource Center Tools for K-12 ... infection because giving the preventive to a heartworm-positive pet will not treat the infection and could ...

  12. HistoryLane : Web Browser History Visualization Method

    OpenAIRE

    Chtivelband, Igor

    2012-01-01

    With the evolution of Internet, users exploit it increasingly intensively for achieving their goals: sending emails, playing games, watching videos, reading news. They do it through Web browsers, that may vary in exact implementation, but have similar core functionalities . One of these core functionalities is the access to a browsing history. However, as browsing patterns are getting more complex, the traditional history tools become insufficient. Visualization of browsing history might be h...

  13. Progression of Liver Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Browse Related Terms Progression of Liver Disease , Family History of Liver Disease , Liver Wellness , Liver Failure , Liver Biopsy Home > Your Liver > Liver Disease Information > The Progression ...

  14. Task-Based Navigation of a Taxonomy Interface to a Digital Repository

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoo, Christopher S. G.; Wang, Zhonghong; Chaudhry, Abdus Sattar

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: This is a study of hierarchical navigation; how users browse a taxonomy-based interface to an organizational repository to locate information resources. The study is part of a project to develop a taxonomy for an library and information science department to organize resources and support user browsing in a digital repository.…

  15. The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) rumen microbiome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roggenbuck, Michael; Sauer, Cathrine; Poulsen, Morten;

    2014-01-01

    camelopardalis), three of which were fed natural browse and four were fed Boskos pellets, leafy alfalfa hay, and cut savanna browse, by characterizing the 16S rRNA gene diversity using 454 FLX high-throughput sequencing. The microbial community composition varied according to diet, but differed little between...

  16. 78 FR 37686 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Terms of Service and Open-Ended Indemnification, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-21

    .... If the EULA, TOS, or similar legal instrument or agreement is invoked through an ``I agree'' click box or other comparable mechanism (e.g., ``click-wrap'' or ``browse-wrap'' agreements), execution does... box or other comparable mechanism (e.g., ``click-wrap'' or ``browse-wrap'' agreements), execution...

  17. Influences of Herbivory and Canopy Opening Size on Forest Regeneration in a Southern Bottomland Hardwood Forest

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Examination of the effects on white-tail deer browsing and canopy opening size on relative abundance and diversity of woody and herbaceous regeneration in various sized forest openings in a Southern bottomland hardwood forest over three growing seasons (1995-1997). Herbaceous richness, diversity or evenness did not differ among exclosure types in any year of the study. Overall browsing rates on both woody and herbaceous vegetation were low throughout all the three years of the study. Low browsing rates reflect seasonal changes in habitat use by deer. Other factors may have influenced the initial vegetative response more than herbivory or gap size

  18. GIBS API for Developers

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — API using Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS) designed to deliver global, full-resolution satellite imagery to users in a highly responsive manner, enabling...

  19. Feeding profiles of tame moose

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report is on the feeding profiles of tame moose. 3 moose were observed for 99 hours while in natural range, each bite plant species, browse conditions and size...

  20. Herpangina

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... or try eating popsicles. Avoid hot beverages and citrus fruits. Eat a non-irritating diet. (Cold milk ... A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Mouth Disorders Throat Disorders Viral Infections Browse ...

  1. Prostate radiation - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... day. Avoid orange juice, grapefruit juice, and other citrus juices if they make the bowel or bladder ... A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Prostate Cancer Browse the Encyclopedia A.D. ...

  2. Herpes - oral

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Avoid hot beverages, spicy and salty foods, and citrus. Gargle with cool water or eat popsicles. Rinse ... A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Cold Sores Browse the Encyclopedia A.D. ...

  3. Folate deficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... naturally in the following foods: Beans and legumes Citrus fruits and juices Dark green leafy vegetables such ... A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Folic Acid Browse the Encyclopedia A.D. ...

  4. Prostatitis - acute

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... bladder, such as alcohol, caffeinated foods and drinks, citrus juices, and hot or spicy foods. Drink more ... A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Prostate Diseases Browse the Encyclopedia A.D. ...

  5. Folic acid in diet

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... green leafy vegetables Dried beans and peas (legumes) Citrus fruits and juices Fortified means that vitamins have ... A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Folic Acid Browse the Encyclopedia A.D. ...

  6. Mouth sores

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... beverages and foods, spicy and salty foods, and citrus. Gargle with salt water or cool water. Eat ... A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Cold Sores Mouth Disorders Browse the Encyclopedia ...

  7. Heartburn

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... reflux, such as: Alcohol Caffeine Carbonated drinks Chocolate Citrus fruits and juices Peppermint and spearmint Spicy or ... A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Heartburn Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A. ...

  8. Take Care of Your Teeth and Gums

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... This Topic En español Take Care of Your Teeth and Gums Browse Sections The Basics Overview Why ... Brushing Tips 4 of 6 sections Take Action: Dental Checkups Get regular checkups at the dentist. Visit ...

  9. Use Medicines Safely

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Use Medicines Safely Print This Topic En español Use Medicines Safely Browse Sections The Basics Overview Prescription ... all the medicines, vitamins, minerals, and herbs you use. Share this information with your doctor. Store your ...

  10. Tennis elbow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Elbow Injuries and Disorders Sports Injuries Tendinitis Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission ... updated: 07 July 2016

  11. Studies of Voluntary Visual Attention--Theory, Methods, and Psychometric Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunnally, Jum C.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    Voluntary Visual Attention concerns "natural" viewing behavior or visual browsing when the subject is under no constraints regarding the distribution of attention. A general overview of this area of psychological investigation is presented. (Author/JKS)

  12. Get Tested for Cervical Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Cervical Cancer Print This Topic En español Get Tested for Cervical Cancer Browse Sections The Basics Overview ... be cured. How often should I get screened (tested)? How often you should get screened for cervical ...

  13. Get Tested for Colorectal Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Colorectal Cancer Print This Topic En español Get Tested for Colorectal Cancer Browse Sections The Basics Overview ... cancer screening tests . Does it hurt to get tested? Some people find the tests for colorectal cancer ...

  14. Get Your Eyes Tested

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Print This Topic En español Get Your Eyes Tested Browse Sections The Basics Overview Eye Exams Vision ... The Basics The Basics: Overview Have your eyes tested (examined) regularly to help find problems early, when ...

  15. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Trials Information for Clinical Researchers See All Browse Studies by Topic NIDCR-Sponsored Clinical Trials Why are ... NIDCR Laboratories (Intramural Research) Science News in Brief Study Takes First Comprehensive Look at Methylation Patterns in ...

  16. LASIK

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    Full Text Available ... About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products

  17. Expiration Dates Matter

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  18. Don't Take This with That!

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  19. Teaching Kids About Using Medicine Safely

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  20. Fortify Your Knowledge about Vitamins

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products

  1. Beware When Buying "All Natural" Erectile Dysfunction Products

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Fraud Beware When Buying "All Natural" Erectile Dysfunction Products Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing options ... About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting ...

  2. Women and Diabetes

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products

  3. FERMIGTRIG - Fermi GBM Trigger Catalog

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This table lists all of the triggers observed by one or more of the 14 GBM detectors (12 NaI and 2 BGO). Note that there are two Browse catalogs resulting from GBM...

  4. GIFWalk

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — GIFWalk is an interface allowing the user to browse pre-generated data and orbit plots from missions including ACE, Cluster, Geotail, THEMIS, Polar, IMAGE, IMP 8,...

  5. Occupational Therapy Can Benefit People with Parkinson's Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Browse Now Parkinson's HelpLine Learn More Science News Occupational Therapy Can Benefit People with Parkinson’s Disease - May 16 2014 Occupational therapy may be able to help people with Parkinson’s ...

  6. Don't Take This with That!

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... breeding hybrid grapefruits that will be safe to mix with medications. In the near future you may ... About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting ...

  7. Nutrition.gov

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Site Help Contact Us FAQ En Espanol Search Nutrition.Gov Search all USDA Advanced Search Search Tips Browse by Subject What's In Food Smart Nutrition 101 Life Stages Weight Management Nutrition and Health ...

  8. Food and Nutrition Information Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Search Tips Browse By Subject Dietary Guidance Lifecycle Nutrition Diet and Disease Food Composition Food Safety Weight and Obesity Food Labeling Dietary Supplements Nutrition Assistance Programs Surveys, Reports and Research Professional and ...

  9. Protect Your Health as You Grow Older

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... You Grow Older Print This Topic En español Protect Your Health As You Grow Older Browse Sections ... from trans fats, saturated fats, and added sugars. Limit the amount of salt you eat. Use this ...

  10. Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge : Cropland Management Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Agassiz NWR Cropland Management Plan focuses on the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife populations at approved objective...

  11. Drugs, Herbs and Supplements: MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/druginformation.html Drugs, Herbs and Supplements To use the sharing features on this page, ... included in drug packages, see DailyMed . Herbs and Supplements Browse dietary supplements and herbal remedies to learn ...

  12. Client-side Web Mining for Community Formation in Peer-to-Peer Environments

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — In this paper we present a framework for forming interests-based Peer-to-Peer communities using client-side web browsing history. At the heart of this framework is...

  13. Trove: Explore Like Never Before. The key features of Trove

    OpenAIRE

    Holley, Rose

    2010-01-01

    This short presentation covers the key features of Trove, a discovery service released by the National Library of Australia. In particular social engagement features, find and get items, browsing zones.

  14. Stereotactic Radiosurgery - Gamma Knife

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... that connects the ear to the brain ( acoustic neuroma ) Pituitary tumors Tumors that are not cancer (chordoma, ... M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Acoustic Neuroma Brain Tumors Radiation Therapy Browse the Encyclopedia A. ...

  15. Internet Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... lives. They browse the Web for information, use social networking sites, text, and chat. But there can also be ... Never send sexually explicit photographs or messages On social networking sites, use privacy controls and only friend people that ...

  16. Find Services for People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Find Services for People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired Category All Advocacy Assessment/Evaluation Audio, Braille or ... Find Services for People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired Browse All Search Categories About the Directory Request ...

  17. Cropland Management Program Review Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge Cropland Management Plan focuses on the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife populations...

  18. Cropland Management Plan : Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge : Brussels District

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge (Brussels District) Cropland Management Plan focuses to the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain...

  19. Crop and Grassland Management Plan : Mingo National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Mingo NWR Crop and Grassland Management Plan focuses on the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife populations. In addition,...

  20. Cropland Management Plan: Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Rice Lake NWR Cropland Management Plan focuses on the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife populations at approved objective...

  1. 1984 Cropland Management Plan Squaw Creek National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Squaw Creek National Wildlife Refuge Cropland Management Plan focuses on the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife populations...

  2. Cropland Management Plan Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Hatchie NWR Cropland Management Plan focuses to the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife populations at approved objective...

  3. Cropland Management Plan: Necedah National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Necedah NWR Cropland Management Plan focuses on the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife populations at approved objective...

  4. Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge : Cropland Management Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge Cropland Management Plan focuses on the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife populations at...

  5. Crop Management Plan: Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Sherburne NWR Cropland Management Plan focuses on the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife populations at approved objective...

  6. Lower Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge Cropland Management Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Lower Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge Cropland Management Plan focuses on the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife...

  7. Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge Croplands Management Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge Cropland Management Plan focuses on the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife populations at...

  8. Cropland Management Plan Dahomey National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Dahomey NWR Cropland Management Plan focuses to the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife populations at approved objective...

  9. Cropland Management Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Union Slough National Wildlife Refuge Cropland Management Plan focuses on the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife populations...

  10. Cropland Management Plan: Louisa National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Louisa National Wildlife Refuge Cropland Management Plan focuses to the production of supplemental grain and browse foods to maintain wildlife populations at...

  11. Take Steps to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... En español Take Steps to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Browse Sections The Basics Overview Types of Diabetes ... 1 of 9 sections The Basics: Types of Diabetes What is diabetes? Diabetes is a disease. People ...

  12. Methods for estimating production and utilization of paper birch saplings

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Development of technique to estimate browse production and utilization. Developed a set of methods for estimating annual production and utilization of paper birch...

  13. Cancer of the Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... see tailored statistics, browse the SEER Cancer Statistics Review . To see statistics for a specific state, go to the State ... which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review . In some cases, different year spans may be ...

  14. Cancer of the Esophagus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... see tailored statistics, browse the SEER Cancer Statistics Review . To see statistics for a specific state, go to the State ... which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review . In some cases, different year spans may be ...

  15. Cancer of the Kidney and Renal Pelvis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... see tailored statistics, browse the SEER Cancer Statistics Review . To see statistics for a specific state, go to the State ... which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review . In some cases, different year spans may be ...

  16. Cancer of the Urinary Bladder

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... see tailored statistics, browse the SEER Cancer Statistics Review . To see statistics for a specific state, go to the State ... which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review . In some cases, different year spans may be ...

  17. Talk to Your Kids about Sex

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Topic En español Talk to Your Kids about Sex Browse Sections The Basics Overview When to Start ... Teach your children the facts about their bodies, sex, and relationships. Talking with your kids about sex ...

  18. Gambling, Sex, and…Parkinson's Disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... spent, browse our financial information. Learn More Gambling, Sex, and…Parkinson's Disease? By Laura Marsh, M.D. ... and, in people with Parkinson's, most typically involve sex, gambling and abuse of anti-parkinsonian medications. Pathological ...

  19. Chromium in diet

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Chromium deficiency may be seen as impaired glucose tolerance. It occurs in older people with type 2 ... PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Minerals Browse the Encyclopedia ...

  20. Prader-Willi syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... signs of morbid obesity, such as: Abnormal glucose tolerance High insulin level in the blood Low oxygen ... PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Prader-Willi Syndrome Browse ...

  1. Substance use -- marijuana

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... get through daily life. Addiction can lead to tolerance. Tolerance means you need more and more marijuana to ... PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Marijuana Browse the Encyclopedia ...

  2. Substance use -- phencyclidine (PCP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... get through daily life. Addiction can lead to tolerance. Tolerance means you need more and more PCP to ... PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Club Drugs Browse the ...

  3. Nephrotic syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the following: Antinuclear antibody Cryoglobulins Complement levels Glucose tolerance test Hepatitis B and C antibodies HIV test ... PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Kidney Diseases Browse the ...

  4. Substance use -- amphetamines

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... get through daily life. Addiction can lead to tolerance. Tolerance means you need more and more of the ... PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Club Drugs Methamphetamine Browse ...

  5. Concussion - adults - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... concentrating, and may have mild headaches and less tolerance for noise. Consider asking for more breaks when ... PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Concussion Browse the Encyclopedia ...

  6. Stable angina

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... include: Coronary angiography Blood cholesterol profile ECG Exercise tolerance test (stress test or treadmill test) Nuclear medicine ( ... PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Angina Browse the Encyclopedia ...

  7. Pancreatic islet cell tumor

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... may include: Fasting glucose level Gastrin level Glucose tolerance test Secretin stimulation test for pancreas Blood glucagon ... PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Pancreatic Cancer Browse the ...

  8. Substance use -- inhalants

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... get through daily life. Addiction can lead to tolerance. Tolerance means that more and more of the inhalant ... PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Inhalants Browse the Encyclopedia ...

  9. Substance use -- prescription drugs

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... get through daily life. Addiction can lead to tolerance. Tolerance means you need more and more of the ... PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Prescription Drug Abuse Browse ...

  10. Acute respiratory distress syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... chap 33. Lee WL, Slutsky AS. Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure and ARDS. In: Broaddus VC, Mason RJ, Ernst ... A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Respiratory Failure Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A.M., Inc. ...

  11. Don't Take This with That!

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & ...

  12. Beware When Buying "All Natural" Erectile Dysfunction Products

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & ...

  13. Beware of Products Promising Miracle Weight Loss

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & ...

  14. Teaching Kids About Using Medicine Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & ...

  15. Expiration Dates Matter

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & ...

  16. LASIK

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & ...

  17. Cancer of the Testis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 1975-2013 Browse the Tables and Figures Access CSR Contents in PDF Generate Custom Reports About the ... Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/ , based on November 2015 SEER data ...

  18. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 1975-2013 Browse the Tables and Figures Access CSR Contents in PDF Generate Custom Reports About the ... Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/ , based on November 2015 SEER data ...

  19. Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 1975-2013 Browse the Tables and Figures Access CSR Contents in PDF Generate Custom Reports About the ... Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/ , based on November 2015 SEER data ...

  20. Melanoma of the Skin

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 1975-2013 Browse the Tables and Figures Access CSR Contents in PDF Generate Custom Reports About the ... Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/ , based on November 2015 SEER data ...

  1. Myeloma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 1975-2013 Browse the Tables and Figures Access CSR Contents in PDF Generate Custom Reports About the ... Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/ , based on November 2015 SEER data ...

  2. Cancer of the Anus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 1975-2013 Browse the Tables and Figures Access CSR Contents in PDF Generate Custom Reports About the ... Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/ , based on November 2015 SEER data ...

  3. Cancer of the Larynx

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 1975-2013 Browse the Tables and Figures Access CSR Contents in PDF Generate Custom Reports About the ... Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2013/ , based on November 2015 SEER data ...

  4. Thyroid scan

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... PET scan Skin nodules Thyroid cancer Thyroid cancer - medullary carcinoma Thyroid cancer - papillary carcinoma Toxic nodular goiter ... Topics Hyperthyroidism Hypothyroidism Nuclear Scans Thyroid Cancer Thyroid Diseases Thyroid Tests Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A. ...

  5. Osteotomy of the knee

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is not affected unless you have had a knee injury in the past. Osteotomy surgery works by shifting ... M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Arthritis Knee Injuries and Disorders Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A. ...

  6. Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury -- aftercare

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... often occur as a result of a severe knee injury. Injuring the PCL takes a lot of force. ... A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Knee Injuries and Disorders Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A. ...

  7. Quit Smoking

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Quit Smoking Print This Topic En español Quit Smoking Browse Sections The Basics Overview Secondhand Smoke How ... with It The Basics The Basics: Overview Quitting smoking is one of the most important things you ...

  8. Alerts and Notices (Devices)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... powered, Hand-held Lasers Used for Pointing or Entertainment 12/16/10 Medical Device Safety Archive The ... About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting ...

  9. How Many Calories? Look at the Menu!

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... they appear on menus. Foods at places of entertainment, such as movie theaters. The vending machine rules, ... About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting ...

  10. 'Colored' and Decorative Contact Lenses: A Prescription Is a Must

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... How to Safely Wear Decorative Contact Lenses An entertainment industry artist from American Horror Story and the ... About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting ...

  11. Trypsinogen test

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is broken) Considerations Other tests used to detect pancreas diseases may include: Serum amylase Serum lipase Alternative Names ... Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Cystic Fibrosis Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic Diseases Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A.M., Inc. ...

  12. Abdominal tap

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... liver Damaged bowel Heart disease Infection Kidney disease Pancreatic disease Tumor (cancerous or noncancerous) Risks There is a ... Kidney Diseases Liver Cancer Liver Diseases Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Diseases Pancreatitis Peritoneal Disorders Browse the Encyclopedia A.D. ...

  13. People with Gaucher Disease at Seven to Nine Percent Risk of Developing Parkinson's

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... alike — in PDF's new scientific journal. Browse Now Parkinson's HelpLine Learn More Science News People with Gaucher ... at Seven to Nine Percent Risk of Developing Parkinson's - May 16 2014 Researchers have shown that people ...

  14. What Is Macular Edema?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... retina are leaking fluids. The macula does not function properly when it is swollen. Vision loss may ... Qué Es un Edema Macular? Find an Ophthalmologist Advanced Search Ask an Ophthalmologist Browse Answers Free Newsletter ...

  15. Are 3-D Movies Bad for Your Eyes?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... products on eye and visual development, health, or function in children, nor are there persuasive, conclusive theories ... viewing 3-D digital images. Find an Ophthalmologist Advanced Search Ask an Ophthalmologist Browse Answers Free Newsletter ...

  16. Ovarian Cancer Stage IIIC

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... My Pictures Browse Search Quick Search Image Details Ovarian Cancer Stage IIIC View/Download: Small: 734x648 View Download Add to My Pictures Title: Ovarian Cancer Stage IIIC Description: Drawing of stage IIIC ...

  17. Ovarian Cancer Stage IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... My Pictures Browse Search Quick Search Image Details Ovarian Cancer Stage IV View/Download: Small: 576x641 View Download Add to My Pictures Title: Ovarian Cancer Stage IV Description: Drawing of stage IV ...

  18. Manage Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Manage Stress Print This Topic En español Manage Stress Browse Sections The Basics Overview Signs and Health ... of 9 sections The Basics: Benefits of Lower Stress What are the benefits of managing stress? Over ...

  19. Tracheomalacia - acquired

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... After having a breathing tube or trachea tube (tracheostomy) for a long time Symptoms Symptoms of tracheomalacia ... Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Breathing Problems Tracheal Disorders Uncommon Infant and Newborn Problems Browse the Encyclopedia ...

  20. Blockage of upper airway

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is made through the neck into the airway ( tracheostomy or cricothyrotomy). If the obstruction is due to ... team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Choking Throat Disorders Tracheal Disorders Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A.M., Inc. ...

  1. Manage Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Manage Stress Print This Topic En español Manage Stress Browse Sections The Basics Overview Signs and Health ... and Health Effects What are the signs of stress? When people are under stress, they may feel: ...

  2. Talk with a Doctor If Breast or Ovarian Cancer Runs in Your Family

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... If Breast or Ovarian Cancer Runs in Your Family Browse Sections The Basics Overview Counseling and Testing ... Checkups The Basics The Basics: Overview If your family has a history of breast or ovarian cancer, ...

  3. Design of a lattice-based faceted classification system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichmann, David A.; Atkins, John

    1992-01-01

    We describe a software reuse architecture supporting component retrieval by facet classes. The facets are organized into a lattice of facet sets and facet n-tuples. The query mechanism supports precise retrieval and flexible browsing.

  4. 77 FR 40031 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Office of the Secretary; Race to the Top Annual Performance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-06

    ... encourage and reward States that are creating the conditions for education innovation and reform; achieving... selecting the ``Browse Pending Collections'' link and by clicking on link number 04845. When you access...

  5. 75 FR 20829 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-21

    ..., Regulatory Information Management Services, Office of Management. Office of Innovation and Improvement Type... http://edicsweb.ed.gov , by selecting the ``Browse Pending Collections'' link and by clicking on...

  6. 75 FR 16762 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... Innovation and Improvement, initiated the study due to the popularity and persistence of magnet programs and....gov , by selecting the ``Browse Pending Collections'' link and by clicking on link number 4205....

  7. 77 FR 4545 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-30

    ... Division, Privacy, Information and Records Management Services, Office of Management. Office of Innovation... request may be accessed from http://edicsweb.ed.gov , by selecting the ``Browse Pending Collections''...

  8. 76 FR 77504 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... and Records Management Services, Office of Management. Office of Innovation and Improvement Type of...://edicsweb.ed.gov , by selecting the ``Browse Pending Collections'' link and by clicking on link number...

  9. Stingray

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... blood No heartbeat Irregular heartbeat Low blood pressure Collapse (shock) Nervous system Fainting Body cramps Headache Paralysis Weakness ... M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Animal Bites Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A.M., Inc. ...

  10. Stonefish

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... blood No heartbeat Irregular heartbeat Low blood pressure Collapse (shock) Skin Bleeding Severe pain at the site of ... M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Animal Bites Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A.M., Inc. ...

  11. Wasp sting

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and blood vessels Severe decrease in blood pressure Collapse* Lungs Difficulty breathing * Skin Hives * Itching Swelling and ... M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Insect Bites and Stings Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A. ...

  12. Prevent Back Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Prevent Back Pain Print This Topic En español Prevent Back Pain Browse Sections The Basics Overview Am ... at Risk? 3 of 5 sections Take Action: Prevent Injuries Focus on good posture. Good posture can ...

  13. Pelvic Exam

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... My Pictures Browse Search Quick Search Image Details Exam, Pelvic View/Download: Small: 720x590 View Download Add to My Pictures Title: Exam, Pelvic Description: Pelvic exam; drawing shows a side ...

  14. Talk with Your Doctor about Taking Aspirin Every Day

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... En español Talk with Your Doctor about Taking Aspirin Every Day Browse Sections The Basics Overview Benefits ... and Risks What are the benefits of taking aspirin daily? Aspirin can reduce your risk of heart ...

  15. Oral Cancer Exam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Trials What Are Clinical Trials? About Clinical Trials Information for Clinical Researchers See All Browse Studies by ... been diagnosed with oral cancer, this brochure includes information on symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of oral cancer, ...

  16. Ankle arthroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Failure of repair to heal Weakness of the ankle Injury to tendon, blood vessel, or nerve Before the ... A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Ankle Injuries and Disorders Endoscopy Browse the Encyclopedia A.D. ...

  17. ATMOWeb

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ATMOWeb ( as the part of FTPBrowser interface) provides a graphical browsing,subsetting and retrieval capability for selected ionospheric and atmospheric data. Data...

  18. Map of Arsenic concentrations in groundwater of the United States

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The map graphic image at http://water.usgs.gov/GIS/browse/arsenic_map.png illustrates arsenic values, in micrograms per liter, for groundwater samples from about...

  19. Fluoroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... blood vessels, bile ducts or the urinary system) Placement of devices within the body, such as stents ( ... About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting ...

  20. About Dental Amalgam Fillings

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... decay and then shapes the tooth cavity for placement of the amalgam filling. Next, under appropriate safety ... About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting ...

  1. LactMed: Drugs and Lactation Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ADVANCED SEARCH Search Search Term Records with Include Synonyms and CAS Numbers in Search Browse for terms ... LactMed Advanced Search Search Term Records with Include Synonyms and CAS Numbers in Search Search in fields. ...

  2. Get Enough Calcium

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Calcium Print This Topic En español Get Enough Calcium Browse Sections The Basics Overview Foods and Vitamins ... 2 of 4 sections Take Action! Take Action: Calcium Sources Protect your bones – get plenty of calcium ...

  3. Get Tested for Colorectal Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Print This Topic En español Get Tested for Colorectal Cancer Browse Sections The Basics Overview What to Expect ... section Overview 2 of 6 sections The Basics: Colorectal Cancer What is colorectal cancer? Colorectal cancer is a ...

  4. Talk with Your Doctor about Taking Aspirin Every Day

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Print This Topic En español Talk with Your Doctor about Taking Aspirin Every Day Browse Sections The ... sections Take Action! Take Action: Talk with Your Doctor Take these steps to protect your health if ...

  5. Talk to Your Doctor about Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Print This Topic En español Talk to Your Doctor about Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Browse Sections The Basics ... Why do I need to talk to the doctor? Aneurysms usually grow slowly without any symptoms. When ...

  6. Don't Take This with That!

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Continuing Education Inspections & Compliance Federal, State & Local Officials Consumers Health Professionals Science & Research Industry Scroll back to ... an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product ...

  7. LASIK

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Continuing Education Inspections & Compliance Federal, State & Local Officials Consumers Health Professionals Science & Research Industry Scroll back to ... an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product ...

  8. Animation of Antimicrobial Resistance

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products

  9. Directory of Organizations (Deafness and Communication Disorders)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Y Z ALL or Browse by Topic Hearing/Deafness Balance Taste and Smell Voice Speech Language View ... speech-language pathologists speech/language development stuttering sudden deafness support groups telecommunications tinnitus Usher syndrome vertigo vestibular ...

  10. FDA Peanut-Containing Product Recall

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The FDA Peanut-Containing Product Recall widget allows you to browse the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) database of peanut butter and peanut-containing products...

  11. Contrasting Effects of Different Mammalian Herbivores on Sagebrush Plant Communities

    OpenAIRE

    Kari E Veblen; Nehring, Kyle C.; McGlone, Christopher M.; Ritchie, Mark E.

    2015-01-01

    Herbivory by both grazing and browsing ungulates shapes the structure and functioning of terrestrial ecosystems worldwide, and both types of herbivory have been implicated in major ecosystem state changes. Despite the ecological consequences of differences in diets and feeding habits among herbivores, studies that experimentally distinguish effects of grazing from spatially co-occurring, but temporally segregated browsing are extremely rare. Here we use a set of long-term exclosures in northe...

  12. Sexual and Asexual Reproduction of Salix sitchensis and the Influence of Beaver (Castor canadensis) Herbivory on Reproductive Success

    OpenAIRE

    Travis G. Gerwing; Alyssa M. Allen Gerwing; Rapaport, Eric; Alström-Rapaport, Cecilia

    2012-01-01

    The influence of beaver (Castor canadensis Kuhl) herbivory on Salix reproduction, specifically the stimulation of asexual reproduction via browsed stem fragments, is relatively unknown. This study aimed to determine if beaver herbivory stimulates asexual reproduction of riparian willows and results in mature populations dominated by clones. The survival of seedlings and asexual propagules produced by beaver browse in populations of the riparian willow Salix sitchensis (Sanson in Bongard) were...

  13. A Large-Scale Study of Online Shopping Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Nalchigar, Soroosh; Weber, Ingmar

    2012-01-01

    The continuous growth of electronic commerce has stimulated great interest in studying online consumer behavior. Given the significant growth in online shopping, better understanding of customers allows better marketing strategies to be designed. While studies of online shopping attitude are widespread in the literature, studies of browsing habits differences in relation to online shopping are scarce. This research performs a large scale study of the relationship between Internet browsing hab...

  14. A qualitative study of the impact of electronic journals on scholarly information behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Ollé, Candela; Borrego, Àngel

    2010-01-01

    A qualitative study of the impact of electronic journals on the information behavior of academics at Catalan universities shows that academics now read more, and more widely. However, their reading is becoming more superficial; they are compelled to improve their discrimination skills in order to decide what to read in more depth. The electronic accessibility of journals means that academics now make fewer library visits. Web browsing and TOC e-mail alerts are replacing physical browsing, and...

  15. Intrusion Detection on Smartphones

    OpenAIRE

    Halilovic, Muhamed; Subasi, Abdulhamit

    2012-01-01

    Smartphone technology is more and more becoming the predominant communication tool for people across the world. People use their smartphones to keep their contact data, to browse the internet, to exchange messages, to keep notes, carry their personal files and documents, etc. Users while browsing are also capable of shopping online, thus provoking a need to type their credit card numbers and security codes. As the smartphones are becoming widespread so do the security threats and vulnerabilit...

  16. LookSeq: A browser-based viewer for deep sequencing data

    OpenAIRE

    Manske, Heinrich Magnus; Dominic P Kwiatkowski

    2009-01-01

    Sequencing a genome to great depth can be highly informative about heterogeneity within an individual or a population. Here we address the problem of how to visualize the multiple layers of information contained in deep sequencing data. We propose an interactive AJAX-based web viewer for browsing large data sets of aligned sequence reads. By enabling seamless browsing and fast zooming, the LookSeq program assists the user to assimilate information at different levels of resolution, from an ov...

  17. Linking in e-journals : a case study

    OpenAIRE

    Prakasan, E. R.; Swarna, T.; Kalyane, V. L.; Vijai Kumar, *

    2001-01-01

    Creating links to related materials enhances the utility of an e-document. Links give structure to the dynamic activity of browsing and also to the information being browsed. This paper has made an attempt to study the links in e-journal articles, which have been considered as e-documents in this study. The latest three complete volumes of the three e-journals: Information Research: An International Electronic Journal (IR), LIBRES: Library and Information Science Research Electronic Journal...

  18. Effects of reindeer on the re-establishment of Betula pubescens subsp. czerepanovii and Salix phylicifolia in a subarctic meadow

    OpenAIRE

    Michael den Herder; Pekka Niemelä

    2003-01-01

    The effect of reindeer browsing on the regeneration of Betula pubescens subsp. czerepanovii and Salix phylicifolia was studied in a subarctic meadow in Finnish Lapland. The aim of the study was to see whether tree recovery from seeds is possible under heavy reindeer-browsing pressure. After removal of the ground and field layer vegetation in 1986, two exclosures were established so that the effect of reindeer on the secondary succession, starting from seeds, could be studied. The size and the...

  19. Towards Privacy-Friendly Online Advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Freudiger, Julien; Vratonjic, Nevena; Hubaux, Jean-Pierre

    2009-01-01

    Modern web sites commonly interact with third-party domains to integrate advertisements and generate revenue from them. To improve the relevance of advertisement, online advertisers track user activities online with third- party cookies. However, excessive online tracking might cause unreasonable access to users' browsing information. Users are thus in need of a simple way to control the sharing of their browsing information with advertisers in order to protect ...

  20. Variations in Tracking in Relation to Geographic Location

    OpenAIRE

    Fruchter, Nathaniel; Miao, Hsin; Stevenson, Scott; Balebako, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    Different countries have different privacy regulatory models. These models impact the perspectives and laws surrounding internet privacy. However, little is known about how effective the regulatory models are when it comes to limiting online tracking and advertising activity. In this paper, we propose a method for investigating tracking behavior by analyzing cookies and HTTP requests from browsing sessions originating in different countries. We collect browsing data from visits to top website...

  1. Simulation, realization and test of veto systems for the NA62 experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Palladino, Vito

    Search Simple Search Advanced Search Latest Additions Browse Browse by Author Browse by Subject Browse by Year Browse by Type Browse by Full text availability Info Policy About FAQ Contact us Palladino, Vito (2010) Simulation, realization and test of veto systems for the NA62 experiment. [Tesi di dottorato] (Unpublished) [img] PDF palladino_vito_23.pdf Download (55MB) | Preview Item Type: Tesi di dottorato Language: English Title: Simulation, realization and test of veto systems for the NA62 experiment Creators: Creators\tEmail Palladino, Vito\tvitopalladino@gmail.com Date: 30 November 2010 Number of Pages: 146 Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II Department: Scienze fisiche Doctoral School: Scienze fisiche PHD name: Fisica fondamentale ed applicata PHD cycle: 23 PHD Coordinator: name\temail Marrucci, Lorenzo\tUNSPECIFIED Tutor: name\temail Ambrosino, Fabio\tUNSPECIFIED Date: 30 November 2010 Number of Pages: 146 Uncontrolled Keywords: Kaon NA62 Veto CHANTI LAV MIUR S.S.D...

  2. Ungulate herbivory on alpine willow in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeigenfuss, L.C.; Schoenecker, K.A.; Amburg, L.K.V.

    2011-01-01

    In many areas of the Rocky Mountains, elk (Cervus elaphus) migrate from low-elevation mountain valleys during spring to high-elevation subalpine and alpine areas for the summer. Research has focused on the impacts of elk herbivory on winter-range plant communities, particularly on woody species such as willow and aspen; however, little information is available on the effects of elk herbivory on alpine willows. In the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of south central Colorado, select alpine areas appear to receive high levels of summer elk herbivory, while other areas are nearly unbrowsed. In 2005 and 2008, we measured willow height, cover, and utilization on sites that appeared to be used heavily by elk, as well as on sites that appeared to be used lightly, to determine differences between these communities over time. We found less willow cover and shorter willows at sites that received higher levels of browsing compared to those that had lower levels of browsing. Human recreational use was greater at lightly browsed sites than at highly browsed sites. From 2005 to 2008, willow utilization declined, and willow cover and height increased at sites with heavy browsing, likely owing to ownership change of adjacent valley land which led to (1) removal of grazing competition from, cattle at valley locations and (2) increased human use in alpine areas, which displaced elk. We discuss the implications of increased human use and climate change on elk use of these alpine habitats. ?? 2011.

  3. Nutritional Value of Seaweed to Ruminants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger D. Applegate

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available We compared the nutritional quality (apparent digestible dry matter (ADDM, crude protein, total phenolics, gross energy, of 3 seaweed species (Alaria esculenta, Ascophyllum nodosum, Fucus vesiculosis to that of 3 woody browse species{Acer rubrum, Thuja occidentalis, Abies balsamea, lichen (Usnea spp., and winter rye (Secale cereals for ruminants. The ADDM's of the 3 seaweeds (63-80% DM were 11-167% DM higher and crude protein contents (12.1-14.6% DM were 68-186% DM higher than the 3 browse species. Seaweeds had lower total phenolics (5.5-10.3% DM and gross energy (12-15 KJ/g DM, and moderate digestible energy (DE contents (9-10 KJ/g DM compared to the browse species. The 3 browse species had ADDM's of 30-57% DM, crude protein contents of 5.1-7.2% DM, total phenolic concentrations of 11.6-16.4% DM, and DE contents of 6-12 KJ/g DM. Winter rye and lichen had the lowest total phenolic concentrations (1.3 and 1.9% DM of forages examined, and had lower ADDM's (35 and 40% DM, DE contents (6-7 KJ/g DM, and crude protein (7.8 and 5.7% DM than seaweeds. The relatively high DE and protein contents of seaweed may explain high deer densities of Maine coastal islands where browse availability and use appears to be low.

  4. Impact of wild ungulates on coppices from the Bisenzio Valley (province of Prato, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianchi L

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Similar to other Apennine areas, a considerable increase of wild ungulate density has been observed in the past decades in the Bisenzio valley (province of Prato, leading to a strong impact on coppice regeneration. In some felling areas, the prolonged browsing on young suckers turned the stumps into low and dense bushes, thus threatening the survival of the forest stand and triggering a loss of environmental stability. The aim of this work was to study the impact of deer on sprout regeneration after cutting in mixed coppices felled in the period 2007-2010 and characterized by the dominance of chestnut, hornbeam, Turkey oak, and beech. Some 36 plots were established in four municipal districts of the Prato province (Cantagallo, Vernio, Montemurlo, Vaiano. Damage and browsing intensity on each stump were evaluated using an index that allowed the comparison among different areas and fores stand types. Regardless of the species, over 90% of the sprouts revealed a very strong damage, whereas only 6% did not exhibit any damage. A significant difference in the sprout height was detected between browsed and non-browsed areas. Despite a high incidence of damage in all the studied areas, chestnut showed a greater resilience against browsing. In summary, overgrazing by wild game may determine severe contraints to the evolutionary dynamics of forest stands, frustrating the effects of silvicultural practices. The possible benefits of the implementation of a large-scale integrated wildlife plan, including hunting and forest-evironmental management are discussed.

  5. Emotional responses during social information seeking on Facebook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wise, Kevin; Alhabash, Saleem; Park, Hyojung

    2010-10-01

    Based on existing research on social networking and information seeking, it was proposed that Facebook.com use could be conceptualized as serving two primary goals: passive social browsing (i.e., newsfeeds) and extractive social searching (i.e., friends' profiles). This study explored whether these categories adequately reflect Facebook use and whether they moderate physiological indicators of emotion. Thirty-six participants navigated Facebook.com while their on-screen activity and physiological responses associated with motivation and emotion were recorded. Results showed that the majority of screens encountered during Facebook use could be categorized as devoted to social browsing or social searching. Participants spent more time on social browsing than they spent on social searching. Skin-conductance data indicated that sympathetic activation diminished during the course of both social browsing and social searching. Facial EMG data indicated that participants experienced more pleasantness during the course of social searching than they experienced during social browsing. These results are discussed in terms of existing social-networking research and an evaluative space model of emotion. PMID:20950180

  6. Production and Nutritional Quality of low elevation zone Grasslands and Kermes Oak Shrublands (Quercus coccifera L. in the South-East Mediterranean Basin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Roukos

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The objective of this study was to evaluate the production and nutrition quality of grasslands and kermes oak shrublands in Preveza Prefecture, northwest Greece. Approach: The study involved the collection of herbage and browse samples along a grazing period, from March to October for two consecutive years. In consequence, browse samples were manually separated to leaves and twigs. The three forage components (herbage, kermes oak leaves and twigs were analyzed for crude protein, Neutral-Detergent Fiber (NDF, Acid-Detergent Fiber (ADF, lignin and In Vitro Dry Matter Digestibility (IVDMD. After the 2 years of observation, we concluded that kermes oak browse, especially the leaves, had CP content adequate to fulfill the nutrient requirements of grazing goats throughout the grazing period. Results: However, this browse is characterized by a very low IVDMD during summer, which may be the result of high lignin content and the presence of anti-nutritional factors such as phenols and tannins. The month of harvest strongly affected the production and nutritive value of forage components, firstly by giving a significant positive correlation among average monthly temperature, production, cell wall contents and secondly, a negative correlation among average monthly rainfall, IVDMD and lignin content. Conclusion: In closure, kermes oak shrublands of the lower zone constitute an important alimentary source providing adequate amounts of browse in order to maintain the nutrient requirements for grazing goats during the summer, when the herbage is not desirable for consumption from sheep and cattle.

  7. Forage selection by teddy goats versus sheep on thal ranges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grazing behaviours of Teddy goats and Thalli sheep were studied on rangelands of ThaI. Bite count method was used to determine the dietary composition of both animal species. The overall preference of Teddy goats was higher for Khabble grass (Cynodon dactylon), which was 40.57% of the total number of bite made on different plant species during the study period (March-July). Teddy goats utilized a wide range of browsing plant species like Wan (Salvadora oleoides), Phog (Calligonum polygonoides), Babil (Acacia jacquemontii), Jandi (Prosopis spicigera) etc. Browsing species were major component (>50%) of goat diets dur- ing March through June. Whereas Thalli sheep had been consistent in their heavy use of Khabble grass (overall 89.27%). Browsing plant species were not an important component of their diets. Teddy goats and Thalli sheep were competitive for Khabble grass particularly at its vegetative growth stage. (author)

  8. Evaluating The Markov Assumption For Web Usage Mining

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, S.; Pedersen, Torben Bach; Thorhauge, J.

    2003-01-01

    Web usage mining concerns the discovery of common browsing patterns, i.e., pages requested in sequence, from web logs. To cope with the enormous amounts of data, several aggregated structures based on statistical models of web surfing have appeared, e.g., the Hypertext Probabilistic Grammar (HPG...... knowledge there has been no systematic study of the validity of the Markov assumption wrt.\\ web usage mining and the resulting quality of the mined browsing patterns. In this paper we systematically investigate the quality of browsing patterns mined from structures based on the Markov assumption. Formal......, that long rules are generally more distorted than shorter rules and that the model yield knowledge of a higher quality when applied to more random usage patterns. Thus we conclude that Markov-based structures for web usage mining are best suited for tasks demanding less accuracy such as pre...

  9. The nutritive value of veld as indicated by faecal phosphorous and nitrogen and its relation to the condition and movement of prominent ruminants during the 1992-1993 drought in the Kruger National Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.C. Grant

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available Faecal N and P were used as primary indicators of nutritive quality of the veld in relation to migratory movements of major grazers, browsers and selective feeders. Faecal concentrations of these nutrients were shown to be different between species, land- scapes, grass, browse and grass plus browse, between seasons and between soil types, i.e. granite vs. basalt. Faecal N concentrations w/ere well correlated with the condition of the animals, and because nutritive quality of the southern Combretum veld on granite was apparently better than other areas in 1992-1993, also with influx of buffalo, blue wildebeest and kudu into these areas.

  10. Kindle Fire The book that should have been in the box

    CERN Document Server

    Meyers, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Enter a bright new world of entertainment with Amazon's red hot tablet. This guide lights the way with lots of illustrations and step-by-step instructions for browsing the Web, emailing, playing games, and viewing books, movies, and magazines in blazing color. Learn how to manage your media library on the Fire and in the cloud-and where to find the coolest apps. Everything you need is right here. The important stuff you need to know: Read all about it. Find, load, and read a variety of ebooks, magazines, and newspapers.Go online. Browse the Web and manage email with a secure Wi-Fi connection

  11. Elevated Rocky Mountain elk numbers prevent positive effects of fire on quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) recruitment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, David Solance; Fettig, Stephen M.; Bowker, Matthew A.

    2016-01-01

    Quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) is the most widespread tree species in North America and has supported a unique ecosystem for tens of thousands of years, yet is currently threatened by dramatic loss and possible local extinctions. While multiple factors such as climate change and fire suppression are thought to contribute to aspen’s decline, increased browsing by elk (Cervus elaphus), which have experienced dramatic population increases in the last ∼80 years, may severely inhibit aspen growth and regeneration. Fires are known to favor aspen recovery, but in the last several decades the spatial scale and intensity of wildfires has greatly increased, with poorly understood ramifications for aspen growth. Here, focusing on the 2000 Cerro Grande fire in central New Mexico – one of the earliest fires described as a “mega-fire” - we use three methods to examine the impact of elk browsing on aspen regeneration after a mega-fire. First, we use an exclosure experiment to show that aspen growing in the absence of elk were 3× taller than trees growing in the presence of elk. Further, aspen that were both protected from elk and experienced burning were 8.5× taller than unburned trees growing in the presence of elk, suggesting that the combination of release from herbivores and stimulation from fire creates the largest aspen growth rates. Second, using surveys at the landscape level, we found a correlation between elk browsing intensity and aspen height, such that where elk browsing was highest, aspen were shortest. This relationship between elk browsing intensity and aspen height was stronger in burned (r = −0.53) compared to unburned (r = −0.24) areas. Third, in conjunction with the landscape-level surveys, we identified possible natural refugia, microsites containing downed logs, shrubs etc. that may inhibit elk browsing by physically blocking aspen from elk or by impeding elk’s ability to move through the forest patch. We did not find any

  12. Co je (staro)nového v DSpace

    OpenAIRE

    Krejčíř Vlastimil

    2011-01-01

    Prezentace shrnovala novinky v systému DSpace za roky 2010/2011: delegování přístupových práv, skrývání metadat, autetizace IP adresami, browse systém, sitemaps, embargo systém, protokoly OAI-ORE a SWORD, statistiky aj. Presentation sums up new features in DSpace system in years 2010/2011: access rights delegation, metadata hiding, IP address authentication, browse system enhancements, sitemaps, embargo, OAI-ORE and SWORD protocols, stats etc.

  13. Web-based tools for the analysis of TAOS data and much more

    CERN Document Server

    Ricci, D; Ayala, C; Ramón-Fox, F G; Michel, R; Navarro, S; Wang, S -Y; Zhang, Z -W; Lehner, M J; Nicastro, L; Reyes-Ruiz, M

    2014-01-01

    We suggest a new web-based approach for browsing and visualizing data produced by a network of telescopes, such as those of the ongoing TAOS and the forthcoming TAOS II projects. We propose a modern client-side technology and we present two examples based on two software packages developed for different kinds of server- side database approaches. In spite our examples are specific for the browsing of TAOS light curves, the software is coded in a way to be suitable for the use in several types of astronomical projects.

  14. Trekking across the Science Boundaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaisson, Eric J.

    2005-01-01

    One of the more effective ways to convey the story of our origin and evolution is to present the entire chronicle in a multimedia format that allows today's tech-savvy students to browse at will, thereby extracting parts of the story at their own pace and comfort. This article describes an interactive CD-ROM (included in this issue of "The Science…

  15. Database Description - tRNADB-CE | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available mber of tRNA genes can be browsed for each species to search the codon recognized by major isoaccepting tRNA (optimal... codon) or minor tRNA (nonoptimal codon). Background and funding MEXT Integrated Database Project R

  16. Roe (Capreolus capreolus) and red (Cervus elaphus) deer foraging habits under snow conditions

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Prokešová, Jarmila; Barančeková, Miroslava; Homolka, Miloslav

    Hamburg: DSV-Verlag, 2005 - (Pohlmeyer, K.), s. 447-449 ISBN 3-88412-431-5. [IUGB Congress /27./. Hannover (DE), 28.08.2005-03.09.2005] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IBS6093003 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : deer * winter diet * browsing impact Subject RIV: EG - Zoology

  17. Vliv býložravé zvěře na obnovu buku lesního v horském prostředí

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kamler, Jiří; Homolka, Miloslav

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 35, - (2005), s. 79-84. ISSN N R&D Projects: GA ČR GP206/03/P134 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : deer browsing * brown hare * diet composition Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  18. Brown hare (Lepus europaeus) - the main factor limiting growth of European beech in forest environment

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kamler, Jiří; Homolka, Miloslav

    Hamburg : DSV-Verlag, 2005 - (Pohlmeyer, K.), s. 118-119 ISBN 3-88412-431-5. [IUGB Congress /27./. Hannover (DE), 28.08.2005-03.09.2005] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GP206/03/P134 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : ungulate browsing * herbivore damage * tree regeneration Subject RIV: EG - Zoology

  19. Modelling the Information Seeking Patterns of Engineers and Research Scientists in an Industrial Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, David; Haugan, Merete

    1997-01-01

    Engineers and research scientists at Statoil's Research Center in Trondheim, Norway were interviewed to determine information-seeking patterns. Eight characteristics were identified: surveying, chaining, monitoring, browsing, distinguishing, filtering, extracting, and ending. The results showed that although there were differences in the features…

  20. Flow-Based Detection of DNS Tunnels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. Ellens; P. Żuraniewski; A. Sperotto; H. Schotanus; M. Mandjes; E. Meeuwissen

    2013-01-01

    DNS tunnels allow circumventing access and security policies in firewalled networks. Such a security breach can be misused for activities like free web browsing, but also for command & control traffic or cyber espionage, thus motivating the search for effective automated DNS tunnel detection techniq

  1. PlanetOnto: from news publishing to integrated knowledge management support

    OpenAIRE

    Domingue, J.; Motta, E

    2000-01-01

    Given a scenario in which members of an academic community collaboratively construct and share an archive of news items, several knowledge management challenges arise. The authors' integrated suite of tools, called PlanetOnto, supports a speedy but high quality publishing process, allows ontology-driven document formalization and augments standard browsing and search facilities with deductive knowledge retrieval

  2. Health risks of obesity

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000348.htm Health risks of obesity To use the sharing features on this page, ... A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Obesity Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A.M., Inc. ...

  3. A Thesaurus-Linked Science Question-Banking System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Sandra; Maher, Brian

    1984-01-01

    Outlines implementation and uses of the computerized question-banking system of the thesaurus-linked browse procedure used by APU National Assessment in Science Programme. The ROOT Thesaurus, a comprehensive indexing and searching tool for technological applications, is described and its modifications are discussed as the basis for the…

  4. WiFi Is on the Way

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    WiFi mobile phones soon may get a nod of approval from China’s telecom industry regulator At present, China’s telecom regulator prohibits phone calls made via the Internet or the browsing of Web pages via a mobile phone in wire-

  5. Možnosti studia antropogenních změn říční sítě na příkladech z povodí Sázavy a Svitavy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Svobodová, E.; Kirchner, Karel

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 47, č. 3 (2013), s. 172-174. ISSN 0044-4863 Institutional support: RVO:68145535 Keywords : anthropogenic changes * river bed * quantification human impact * protected areas Subject RIV: DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography http://www.elis.sk/index.php?page=shop.browse&category_id=41&option=com_virtuemart&Itemid=1&vmcchk=1&Itemid=1

  6. A Distance Instructional System with Learning Performance Evaluation Mechanism: Moodle-Based Educational System Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ying-Chen; Terashima, Nobuyoshi

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, a Moodle-based educational system has been constructed by providing friendly interface to fit most students in e-learning. For the website implementation, the authors take the course "Multimedia Implementation Using JAVA" as a case study. From the modified Moodle-based educational system, the browsing time of each web page for…

  7. A flexible navigation mechanism for complex data models

    OpenAIRE

    Oleg Burlaca

    2010-01-01

    The paper presents a way to build flexible navigation tools over a big dataset of well structured data models. The mechanism is underpinned by a search engine that is used to slice and dice the database. By applying a series of consecutive groupings, the result of a search query can be organized in a hierarchical structure and browsed using traditional user interface controls.

  8. Computer Games and Prosocial Behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Friederike Mengel

    2014-01-01

    We relate different self-reported measures of computer use to individuals' propensity to cooperate in the Prisoner's dilemma. The average cooperation rate is positively related to the self-reported amount participants spend playing computer games. None of the other computer time use variables (including time spent on social media, browsing internet, working etc.) are significantly related to cooperation rates.

  9. Tooth wear in captive rhinoceroses (Diceros, Rhinoceros, Ceratotherium: Perissodactyla) differs from that of free-ranging conspecifics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Taylor, L.A.; Müller, D.W.H.; Schwitzer, C.; Kaiser, T.M.; Codron, D.; Schulz, E.; Clauss, M.

    2014-01-01

    Tooth wear can affect body condition, reproductive success and life expectancy. Poor dental health is frequently reported in the zoo literature, and abrasion-dominated tooth wear, which is typical for grazers, has been reported in captive browsing ruminants. The aim of this study was to test if a si

  10. The Effect of Implementing Knowledge Management System in Supplier Selection Content to Improve Learning Performance of Online Travel Agencies Staff

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ariya, Pakinee; Chakpitak, Nopasit; Sureepong, Pradorn

    2016-01-01

    Supplier selection knowledge of OTAs businesses is one of the most valuable and significant knowledge since OTAs now operate businesses that gain their benefits from having many kinds of tourism products and services for customers to browse from in their own online booking systems. The better the suppliers, the more successful will OTAs be. The…

  11. Gendered Literacy Experiences: The Effects of Expectation and Opportunity for Boys' and Girls' Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanford, Kathy

    2005-01-01

    The research reported in this article intends to contribute to an understanding of how out-of-school literacies can influence the present and future learning of adolescents. Evidence suggests that students, boys particularly, are becoming literate in many ways through out-of-school activities (e.g., video games, Internet browsing, chatrooms), but…

  12. Usage of Blinds Software in Libraries

    OpenAIRE

    Fatema El Zahraa Mohamed Abdou

    2006-01-01

    The research reviews some of blinds software used in libraries, it reviews the following software : JAWS, Zoomtext, Kurzuail. Then deals the services offered by the software in libraries, these services are : pronouncing the written texts, printing in Brail method, educational software for computer, browsing the internet, and enlarging texts on the screen.

  13. Methadone overdose

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Heroin Pain Relievers Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare ... for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D. ...

  14. Heroin overdose

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Heroin Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission ... for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D. ...

  15. Student Motivation in Computer Networking Courses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Jung Hsin

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces several hands-on projects that have been used to motivate students in learning various computer networking concepts. These projects are shown to be very useful and applicable to the learners’ daily tasks and activities such as emailing, Web browsing, and online shopping and banking, and lead to an unexpected byproduct, self-motivation.

  16. Student Motivation in Computer Networking Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsin, Wen-Jung

    2007-01-01

    This paper introduces several hands-on projects that have been used to motivate students in learning various computer networking concepts. These projects are shown to be very useful and applicable to the learners' daily tasks and activities such as emailing, Web browsing, and online shopping and banking, and lead to an unexpected byproduct,…

  17. Hermes: A Notification Service for Digital Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faensen, D.; Faulstich, L.; Schweppe, H.; Hinze, A.; Steidinger, A.

    The high publication rate of scholarly material makes searching and browsing an inconvenient way to keep oneself up-to-date. Instead of being the active part in information access, researchers want to be notified whenever a new paper in one's research area is published. While more and more publishing houses or portal sites offer notification…

  18. Xspect: bridging open hypermedia and XLink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, B.G.; Hansen, F.A.; Bouvin, N.O.

    to include another open hypermedia format, FOHM. The Xspect system, based on XSLT and Javascript, provides users with an interface to browse and merge linkbases. Xspect supports navigational hypermedia in the form of links inserted on the fly into Web pages, as well as guided tours presented as SVG...

  19. Social Navigation in Web Lectures: A Study of VirtPresenter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mertens, Robert; Ketterl, Markus; Brusilovsky, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: Social navigation is an emerging trend for navigation in hypermedia. With social navigation, users can be guided through large volumes of learning content by cues which integrate the browsing history of past users. Earlier papers have shown that social navigation is suitable for navigation not only in classic hypermedia but also in…

  20. Designing an Adaptive Web-Based Learning System Based on Students' Cognitive Styles Identified Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Jia-Jiunn; Chan, Ya-Chen; Yeh, Shiou-Wen

    2012-01-01

    This study developed an adaptive web-based learning system focusing on students' cognitive styles. The system is composed of a student model and an adaptation model. It collected students' browsing behaviors to update the student model for unobtrusively identifying student cognitive styles through a multi-layer feed-forward neural network (MLFF).…

  1. Interpersonal perception and communication of the ISS crew with mission control center: ground simulation results and prospects for research on board

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Gushin, V.; Vinokhodova, A.; Shved, D. M.; Šolcová, Iva; Bahbouh, R.; Lacev, A.

    International Astronautical Federation, 2014. [65th International Astronautical Congress. 29.09.2014-03.10.2014, Toronto] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : autonomy * sociomapping Subject RIV: AN - Psychology https://iafastro.directory/iac/archive/browse/IAC-14/A1/1/25085/

  2. Multi-source and ontology-based retrieval engine for maize mutant phenotypes

    Science.gov (United States)

    In the midst of this genomics era, major plant genome databases are collecting massive amounts of heterogeneous information, including sequence data, gene product information, images of mutant phenotypes, etc., as well as textual descriptions of many of these entities. While basic browsing and sear...

  3. The Relationship between User Expertise and Structural Ontology Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldstein, Ilya Michael

    2014-01-01

    Ontologies are commonly used to support application tasks such as natural language processing, knowledge management, learning, browsing, and search. Literature recommends considering specific context during ontology design, and highlights that a different context is responsible for problems in ontology reuse. However, there is still no clear…

  4. Take Care of Your Teeth and Gums

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Teeth and Gums Print This Topic En español Take Care of Your Teeth and Gums Browse Sections The ... The Basics The Basics: Overview It’s important to take care of your teeth and gums. You can prevent ...

  5. Take Care of Your Child's Teeth

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Your Child’s Teeth Print This Topic En español Take Care of Your Child’s Teeth Browse Sections The Basics ... important. Baby teeth hold space for adult teeth. Take care of your child’s teeth to protect your child ...

  6. A GIS-Interface Web Site: Exploratory Learning for Geography Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Kuo Hung

    2011-01-01

    Although Web-based instruction provides learners with sufficient resources for self-paced learning, previous studies have confirmed that browsing navigation-oriented Web sites possibly hampers users' comprehension of information. Web sites designed as "categories of materials" for navigation demand more cognitive effort from users to orient their…

  7. THE NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION AND ACCEPTABILITY OF CACTI (Opuntia ficus indica-LEGUME MIXED SILAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. GUSHA

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The potential of making silage using dry browse legume hay (Acacia angustissima, Leucaena leucocephala, Calliandra callothrysus and Macroptilium Atropurpureum mixed with fresh cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica for winter supplementation of veld grass was evaluated using the proximate, tannins and the pH analyses. Chemical analysis revealed that N values were significantly increased (P<0.05. The N levels were 3.72, 4.5, 4.05, and 2.5% DM for A. angustissima, L. leucocephala, C. callothrysus and M. atropurpureum respectively, which were higher when compared to silage made from cereals. The NDF and ADF values were slightly higher than those reported in literature for cereal silages. The DM level of cactus –browse silage was very good (41%DM considering that cactus normally have less than 10% DM. The silage pH was within the reported range, ranging from 3.97 to 4.11 on a pH meter. This was a good indicator of silage quality considering that low pH inhibit undesirable microbial activities. The tannins levels were lower in the silages but significantly different (P<0.05 between browse legume species. Ensiling lowered the tannin levels in the silage compared to the individual browse legume tannin levels. This study concluded that purely on compositional laboratory analysis, the legumes and cactus can be used to make silage which can be used by farmers during dry season.

  8. Acetone poisoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... JavaScript. Acetone is a chemical used in many household products. This article discusses poisoning from swallowing acetone-based ... A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Household Products Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A.M., Inc. ...

  9. Internet Navigation and Information Search Strategies: How Do Children Are Influenced by Their Participation in an Intensive ICT Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badilla Quintana, Maria; Cortada Pujol, Meritxell; Riera Romani, Jordi

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to describe and analyze the involvement showed by 190 students who participated in an introduction to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) project, in public schools from Spain. By means of an Internet browsing test, access and information selection processes were afforded. The purpose of the study was to…

  10. Acquisition of Information Online: Knowledge, Navigation and Learning Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawless, Kimberly A.; Schrader, P. G.; Mayall, Hayley J.

    2007-01-01

    Research suggests that the World Wide Web (WWW) represents the intersection of at least two domains: content and technology. This investigation was designed to examine the relationship between prior knowledge and WWW browsing outcomes (i.e., navigation behavior and knowledge gain) within the context of a genetics Web site. Students randomly…

  11. Sunn hemp with chicory or pearl millet to minimize gastrointestinal nematode infection in weaned goats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Predominantly grass forage systems are typically used throughout the southeastern U.S., but are inadequate for nutritional needs of growing goats, and encourage problems with gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN). Browse predominant forages would be preferable, but are not always available. Selection o...

  12. Drowning in PC Management: Could a Linux Solution Save Us?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Kathleen A.

    2004-01-01

    Short on funding and IT staff, a Western Canada library struggled to provide adequate public computing resources. Staff turned to a Linux-based solution that supports up to 10 users from a single computer, and blends Web browsing and productivity applications with session management, Internet filtering, and user authentication. In this article,…

  13. 47. Sayı Künye

    OpenAIRE

    AKKOR GÜL, Ayşen

    2014-01-01

    İstanbul Üniversitesi İletişim Fakültesi Dergisi hakemli bir dergi olup ULAKBİM, ASOS, EBSCO ve ProQuest tarafından taranmaktadır. (Istanbul University Faculty of Communication Journal is a peer reviewed journal which is browsed by EBSCO, ProQuest, ULAKBIM and ASOS)

  14. 48. Sayı Künye

    OpenAIRE

    AKKOR GÜL, Ayşen

    2015-01-01

    İstanbul Üniversitesi İletişim Fakültesi Dergisi hakemli bir dergi olup ULAKBİM, ASOS, EBSCO ve ProQuest tarafından taranmaktadır. (Istanbul University Faculty of Communication Journal is a peer reviewed journal which is browsed by EBSCO, ProQuest, ULAKBIM and ASOS)

  15. 45. Sayı Künye

    OpenAIRE

    AKKOR GÜL, Ayşen

    2013-01-01

    İstanbul Üniversitesi İletişim Fakültesi Dergisi hakemli bir dergi olup ULAKBİM, ASOS, EBSCO ve ProQuest tarafından taranmaktadır. (Istanbul University Faculty of Communication Journal is a peer reviewed journal which is browsed by EBSCO, ProQuest, ULAKBIM and ASOS)

  16. 46. Sayı Künye

    OpenAIRE

    AKKOR GÜL, Ayşen

    2014-01-01

    İstanbul Üniversitesi İletişim Fakültesi Dergisi hakemli bir dergi olup ULAKBİM, ASOS, EBSCO ve ProQuest tarafından taranmaktadır. (Istanbul University Faculty of Communication Journal is a peer reviewed journal which is browsed by EBSCO, ProQuest, ULAKBIM and ASOS)

  17. Spindle trees (Euonymus japonica Thunb.) growing in a polluted environment are less sensitive to gamma irradiation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kim, J. K.; Cha, M.; Mukherjee, A.; Wilhelmová, Naděžda

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 11, č. 4 (2013), s. 233-243. ISSN 2322-3243 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50380511 Keywords : Spindle tree * oxidative stress * ionizing radiation Subject RIV: EF - Botanics http://www.ijrr.com/browse.php?a_code=A-10-1-478&slc_lang=en&sid=1

  18. The New AASL Program Guidelines for School Library Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boehm, Patricia

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author provides an overview of and her reflections on the new American Association of School Librarians (AASL) program guidelines, "Empowering Learners: Guidelines for School Library Media Programs" (2009). At just sixty-four pages, this publication is easy to browse and ready for investigation. As to be expected from…

  19. Text Power: tools for the Cultural Heritage.

    OpenAIRE

    Picchi, Eugenio; Sassolini, Eva

    2009-01-01

    This article presents NLP techniques (text mining, text analysis) to create tools for the avaluation, analysis and classification of text materials available on the web. In particular we developed tools for the automatic extraction of mistic relevant information related to the cultural heritage domain and tools for linguistic resouces creation. On this knowledge basis, we also developed a system for text browsing.

  20. Evolutionary Biclustering of Clickstream Data

    CERN Document Server

    Rathipriya, R; Bagyamani, J

    2011-01-01

    Biclustering is a two way clustering approach involving simultaneous clustering along two dimensions of the data matrix. Finding biclusters of web objects (i.e. web users and web pages) is an emerging topic in the context of web usage mining. It overcomes the problem associated with traditional clustering methods by allowing automatic discovery of browsing pattern based on a subset of attributes. A coherent bicluster of clickstream data is a local browsing pattern such that users in bicluster exhibit correlated browsing pattern through a subset of pages of a web site. This paper proposed a new application of biclustering to web data using a combination of heuristics and meta-heuristics such as K-means, Greedy Search Procedure and Genetic Algorithms to identify the coherent browsing pattern. Experiment is conducted on the benchmark clickstream msnbc dataset from UCI repository. Results demonstrate the efficiency and beneficial outcome of the proposed method by correlating the users and pages of a web site in h...

  1. Quest for Nutritional and Medicinal Forages for Meat Goats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appalachian meat goat producers are encountering animal nutritional and health problems for which research-based solutions are limited. Goats prefer to eat weeds and browse, selecting the highest quality herbage available. Foraging on traditional pastures not only limits the variety of plant speci...

  2. Rasmuson Library DVD Browser: Fun with Screen Scraping and Drupal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Morlino

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The DVD Browser is a simple application that lets library patrons browse movie covers, titles, and reviews. It works by screen scraping the the Rasmuson Library catalog for DVD movies and dumps the data into a Drupal MySQL database. This paper describes the process of setting up the DVD Browser.

  3. Exploring Reality-Based User Interfaces for Collaborative Information Seeking

    OpenAIRE

    Heilig, Mathias

    2012-01-01

    Information seeking activities such as searching the web or browsing a media library are often considered to be solitary experiences. However, both theoretical and empirical research has demonstrated the importance of collaborative activities during the information seeking process. Students working together to complete assignments, friends looking for joint entertainment opportunities, family members planning a vacation, or colleaguesconducting research for collaborative projects are only few...

  4. Data Analysis Details (DS): SE22_DS1 [Metabolonote[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available data browsing. In house built MSGet program, programmed using Microsoft Visual C++ and XRawfile OCX modules ...(Thermo Fisher) for text data extraction. DrDMASS (Oikawa et al., 2006, Plant Physiol. 142: 398-413) for mass correction by IS. Micro...soft Excel for peak detection, mass estimation etc. Data

  5. Untangling the usability of fisheye menus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hornbæk, Kasper; Hertzum, Morten

    2007-01-01

    fisheye menus: the use of distortion, the index of letters for coarse navigation, and the focus-lock mode for accurate movement. Twelve participants took part in an experiment comparing fisheye menus with three alternative menu designs across known-item and browsing tasks as well as across alphabetical...

  6. Best Entry Points for Structured Document Retrieval - Part II: Types, Usage and Effectiveness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reid, Jane; Lalmas, Mounia; Finesilver, Karen; Hertzum, Morten

    2006-01-01

    structured documents. This paper examines the concept of best entry points, which are document components from which the user can browse to obtain optimal access to relevant document components. It investigates at the types of best entry points in structured document retrieval, and their usage and...... effectiveness in real information search tasks....

  7. Intraventricular hemorrhage of the newborn

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... needed to place a tube (shunt) in the brain to drain fluid. Outlook (Prognosis) How well the infant does depends on how premature the baby is and the grade of the hemorrhage. Less than half of babies with lower-grade ... Browse the Encyclopedia A.D. ...

  8. Teaching Business Statistics in a Computer Lab: Benefit or Distraction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Linda R.

    2011-01-01

    Teaching in a classroom configured with computers has been heralded as an aid to learning. Students receive the benefits of working with large data sets and real-world problems. However, with the advent of network and wireless connections, students can now use the computer for alternating tasks, such as emailing, web browsing, and social…

  9. Interaction Problems Accessing E-Learning Environments in Multi-Touch Mobile Devices: A Case Study in TelEduc

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, André Constantino; Freire, Fernanda Maria Pereira; de Arruda, Alan Victor Pereira; da Rocha, Heloísa Vieira

    2013-01-01

    e-Learning environments offer content, such text, audio, video, animations, using the Web infrastructure and they are designed to users interacting with keyboard, mouse and a medium-sized screen. Mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets, have enough computation power to render Web pages, allowing browsing the Internet and access e-Learning…

  10. Interaction Devices and Web Design for Novice Older Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Hsu, Jia-Wen

    2005-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of interaction devices on the Internet performance of novice older users, and ways to provide appropriate voice assistance to enhance browsing and searching performance of such users. Three experiments were designed and conducted to test three hypotheses. The results indicated that touch screen and handwriting…

  11. Novel Formulation of Levodopa May Ease Parkinson's Symptoms with Fewer Pills

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Browse Now Parkinson's HelpLine Learn More Science News Novel Formulation of Levodopa May Ease Parkinson’s Symptoms with ... the drug “wears off.” Recently, scientists developed a novel form of sustained-release levodopa, which they hope ...

  12. Audio-visual classification video browser

    OpenAIRE

    Scott, David; Zhang, ZhenXing; Albatal, Rami; McGuinness, Kevin; Acar, Esra; Hopfgartner, Frank; Gurrin, Cathal; O'Connor, Noel; Smeaton, Alan

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents our third participation in the Video Browser Showdown. Building on the experience that we gained while participating in this event, we compete in the 2014 showdown with a more advanced browsing system based on incorporating several audio- visual retrieval techniques. This paper provides a short overview of the features and functionality of our new system.

  13. Digital Libraries and Repositories in India: An Evaluative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittal, Rekha; Mahesh, G.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify and evaluate the collections within digital libraries and repositories in India available in the public domain. Design/methodology/approach: The digital libraries and repositories were identified through a study of the literature, as well as internet searching and browsing. The resulting digital…

  14. A User Study of the Design Issues of PROPIE: A Novel Environment for Enhanced Interaction and Value-Adding of Electronic Documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liew, Chern Li; Foo, Schubert; Chennupati, K. R.

    2001-01-01

    Presents a proposed information environment (PROPIE) for enhanced interaction and value-adding of electronic documents that allows users multiple ways to query intuitively and navigate information in an electronic document. Highlights include user interface technologies; visualization and interactive techniques; query and browsing processes; and…

  15. Composición y calidad de la dieta del ciervo (Cervus elaphus L. en el norte de la península ibérica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garin, I.

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Plant composition and quality of the red deer (Cervus elaphus L. diet in the northern Iberian peninsula The feeding pattern of red deer varies greatly among the different European populations. The aim of our study was to elucidate the plant composition and the quality of the red deer diet in the Pyrenees (Northern Iberian peninsula. Over a one-year period, the red deer fed mainly on browse, pines being the main food. However, unlike other populations on the Iberian peninsula, consumption of herbaceous plants was higher than browse in the spring-summer period. Nevertheless, the diet of Pyrenean red deer shared some features with the Mediterranean populations such as browsing on woody legumes. Fecal nitrogen content, as an index of diet quality, showed low annual values with a marked decrease in winter. The overall feeding pattern was similar to that of other Central European populations. The large size of the surveyed population probably affected its high level of browse consumption and poor quality diet.

  16. An Exploratory Study of School-Age Children's Use of a Heterogeneous Resource Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Jason; Robins, David; Zhang, Yin; Salaba, Athena

    2008-01-01

    In this study, students' use of a new educational Web portal was evaluated with particular emphasis on searching and browsing strategies. The effects and implications of a federated search system are also discussed. Fifty-four students, ranging from 5th to 12th grade, were given five tasks to complete using the SchoolRooms interface. The tasks…

  17. Ontology Based Queries - Investigating a Natural Language Interface

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Sluis, Ielka; Hielkema, F.; Mellish, C.; Doherty, G.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we look at what may be learned from a comparative study examining non-technical users with a background in social science browsing and querying metadata. Four query tasks were carried out with a natural language interface and with an interface that uses a web paradigm with hyperlinks.

  18. 77 FR 13967 - Notice of Intent To Discontinue Use of Paper Applications for Airman Medical Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-08

    ... applications to academic institutions; for car loans; for mortage application and refinancing; for employment... http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR ; or 3. Contacting the person... paper forms still in use in the Federal Government. More than 5 years of experience with ``FAA...

  19. Making a Difference: A Review of the User Interface Features in Six CD-ROM Database Products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Paul

    1988-01-01

    Reviews six CD-ROM bibliographic databases: BRS/Colleague MEDLINE; Wilsondisc Cumulative Book Index and MLA International Bibliography; Dialog OnDisc ERIC; SilverPlatter Sociofile; CCOHS (Reteaco Findit) CCINFOdisc; and Knowledge Finder MEDLINE. Criteria used include browsing, using menus, refining a search, accessing an online version, and…

  20. A New foodweb based on microbes in calcitic caves: The Cansiliella (Beetles) case in Northern Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Paoletti Maurizio G.; Beggio Mattia; Dreon Angelo Leandro; Pamio Alberto; Gomiero Tiziano; Brilli Mauro; Dorigo Luca; Concheri Giuseppe; Squartini Andrea; Summers Engel Annette

    2011-01-01

    The troglobitic beetle, Cansiliella servadeii (Leptodirini), has specialized mouthparts modified for browsing and feeding under percolating water on moonmilk, a speleothem formation in Grotta della Foos, Italy. Results from analyses of stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen suggest thatacquires and assimilates dissolved allochthonous organic carbon, inorganic nitrogen, and possibly phosphorus and other nutrients from the microbial fauna associated with moonmilk.

  1. Changing your sleep habits

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Insomnia Sleep Disorders Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare ... for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D. ...

  2. The Role of a Digital Librarian in the Management of Digital Information Systems (DIS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sreenivasulu, V.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the need for digital librarians who will manage and organize digital libraries. Topics include digital information systems; the information superhighway; navigation, browsing, and filtering; multimedia searching and indexing; data mining; information access and retrieval; competencies and skills for a digital librarian; and professional…

  3. Hypermedia and Free Text Retrieval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlop, Mark D.; van Rijsbergen, C. J.

    1993-01-01

    Discusses access to nontextual documents in large multimedia document bases. A hybrid information retrieval model, using queries in a hypertext environment for location of browsing areas, is presented; and two experiments using cluster-based descriptions of content are reported. (23 references) (EA)

  4. Glaucoma Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and research. Subscribe Browse the Gleams Archive » Glaucoma Research Foundation www.glaucoma.org 251 Post Street, Suite 600 San Francisco , CA 94108 (415) 986-3162 (800) 826-6693 question@ glaucoma.org ... Progress Get Involved News About Us Donate Informacion ...

  5. Probability Density Functions of Propagation Characteristics of Whistler-mode Chorus

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Santolík, Ondřej; Macúšová, Eva; Kolmašová, Ivana; Pickett, J.; Cornilleau-Wehrlin, N.; Gurnett, D.; Kurth, W.; Hospodarsky, G.; Kletzing, C.; Wygant, J.; Bonnel, J.

    Singapore: Meeting Matters International, 2013. ISBN 978-981-07-5326-9. [AOGS Annual Meeting 2013 /10./. 24.06.-28.06.2013, Brisbane] Institutional support: RVO:68378289 http://www.asiaoceania.org/aogs2013/mars2/pubViewAbs.asp?sMode=oral§ionIdO=2&dayRank=5&submit=Browse+Abstracts

  6. Forehead lift

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Elsevier Saunders; 2013:chap 1. McLain L. Facial cosmetic surgery. In: Hupp JR, Ellis E, Tucker MR, eds. ... Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery Skin Aging Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A. ...

  7. European Studies and Public Engagement: A Conceptual Toolbox

    OpenAIRE

    Andreas Müllerleile

    2014-01-01

    Journal of Contemporary European Research User Username Password Remember me Subscribe... Sign up for issue alerts Follow JCER on Twitter Font Size Make font size smaller Make font size default Make font size larger Journal Content Search Search Scope Browse By Issue By Author By Title Information For Readers For Authors For Librarians Journal Help Keywords CFSP Communication ESDP EU EU enlarge...

  8. Engaging EFL Students in E-Books Using Reader-Response Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, I-Chia

    2015-01-01

    E-book reading is generally considered suboptimal because people engaging in e-book reading tend to browse through digital texts. As a result, studies concerning students' e-book preference in academic contexts have shown that students less prefer using e-books than hardcopy books when engaging in academic reading which is considered intensive…

  9. 77 FR 24225 - Information Collection Approval; Temporary Non-Agricultural Employment of H-2B Aliens in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-23

    ... Employment of H-2B Aliens in the United States; Final Rule. See 77 FR 10038, Feb. 21, 2012. DATES: On April 8....gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR Web site. Copies of this notice may be obtained..., 2012. See 77 FR 10038. The purpose of the Final Rule was to amend the H-2B regulations at 20 CFR...

  10. Visual Based Retrieval Systems and Web Mining--Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyengar, S. S.

    2001-01-01

    Briefly discusses Web mining and image retrieval techniques, and then presents a summary of articles in this special issue. Articles focus on Web content mining, artificial neural networks as tools for image retrieval, content-based image retrieval systems, and personalizing the Web browsing experience using media agents. (AEF)

  11. Safe for saplings not safe for seeds : Quercus robur recruitment in relation to coarse woody debris in Bialowieza Primeval Forest, Poland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ginkel, H.A.L.; Kuijper, D.P.J.; Churski, M.; Zub, K.; Szafranska, P.; Smit, C.

    2013-01-01

    In forested ecosystems, oak saplings can be found in association with coarse woody debris (CWD) that offers protection against herbivore browsing. In this study we investigated whether CWD is already a safe site during the earlier stages of oak recruitment, i.e. at the seed and seedling phase, or wh

  12. Subjective Evaluation of Packet Service Performance in UMTS and Heterogeneous Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Teyeb, Oumer Mohammed; Sørensen, Troels Bundgaard; Mogensen, Preben;

    2006-01-01

    . In this paper, such an approach is taken where subjective performance evaluation is undertaken for web browsing and video streaming services in Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS) and a heterogeneous network comprised of UMTS and Wireless LAN (WLAN). Using a real-time network emulation testbed...

  13. A Practical Method for Multilevel Classification and Accounting of Traffic in Computer Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bujlow, Tomasz; Pedersen, Jens Myrup

    , SSH, and Telnet. Within each application group we identify a number of behaviors -- for example, for HTTP, we selected file transfer, web browsing, web radio, and unknown. Our system built based on the method provides also traffic accounting and it was tested on 2 datasets. The classification results...

  14. Classification of HTTP traffic based on C5.0 Machine Learning Algorithm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bujlow, Tomasz; Riaz, Tahir; Pedersen, Jens Myrup

    2012-01-01

    Our previous work demonstrated the possibility of distinguishing several groups of traffic with accuracy of over 99%. Today, most of the traffic is generated by web browsers, which provide different kinds of services based on the HTTP protocol: web browsing, file downloads, audio and voice...

  15. Flow-based detection of DNS tunnels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ellens, W.; Zuraniewski, P.W.; Sperotto, A.; Schotanus, H.A.; Mandjes, M.; Meeuwissen, H.B.

    2013-01-01

    DNS tunnels allow circumventing access and security policies in firewalled networks. Such a security breach can be misused for activities like free web browsing, but also for command & control traffic or cyber espionage, thus motivating the search for effective automated DNS tunnel detection techniq

  16. Precision with Ease: Refining Thesaurus Support for Quality Health Information Searching on Health"Insite"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Jill Buckley; Deacon, Prue

    2009-01-01

    Health"Insite" is the Australian Government's Internet gateway to reliable health information online, providing access to over 15,000 information items on the websites of more than 80 approved information partners. The gateway provides a variety of searching and browsing options to assist users to find information on a wide range of health topics.…

  17. The MHC motif viewer: a visualization tool for MHC binding motifs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rapin, Nicolas; Hoof, Ilka; Lund, Ole; Nielsen, Morten

    2010-01-01

    hampered by the lack of tools for browsing and comparing specificity of these molecules. We have developed a Web server, MHC Motif Viewer, which allows the display of the binding motif for MHC class I proteins for human, chimpanzee, rhesus monkey, mouse, and swine, as well as HLA-DR protein sequences. The...

  18. We'll Take It from Here: Further Developments We'd Like To See in Virtual Reference Software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffman, Steven

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of virtual reference services focuses on software that is currently available and further developments that are needed. Topics include co-browsing and collaboration capabilities; communications technology, including chat technology and voice over Internet protocol (VoIP); networked reference services; and online reference collections…

  19. Diet composition of western Derby eland (Taurotragus derbianus derbianus) in the dry season in a natural and a managed habitat in Senegal using faecal analyses

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hejcmanová, P.; Homolka, Miloslav; Antonínová, M.; Hejcman, M.; Podhájecká, V.

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 40, č. 1 (2010), s. 27-34. ISSN 0379-4369 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA6093404 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : antelope * browsing * captivity * foraging * ecology * natural habitat * West Africa Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour Impact factor: 0.875, year: 2010

  20. Designing Wearable Personal Assistants for Surgeons: An Egocentric Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jalaliniya, Shahram; Pederson, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    it in the design of a wearable personal assistant (WPA) for orthopedic surgeons. The result is a Google Glass-based prototype system aimed at facilitating touchless interaction with x-ray images, browsing of electronic patient records (EPR) when on the move, and synchronized ad hoc remote...

  1. Writing Poetry in the School Library (And Reading It Too!)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendelin, Karla

    2013-01-01

    Although April is National Poetry Month, poems are for any time... and all the time... and sharing poetry should be part of the library experience. Before we ask students to write poetry, however, we need to read poetry to and with them. We also need to provide opportunities for them to browse the poetry section and select poems to read to each…

  2. From Function to Context to Form: Precedents and Focus Shifts in the Form Creation Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Restrepo-Giraldo, John Dairo

    2005-01-01

    , because it requires either exhaustive browsing or verbalization of the ideas to be able to use search engines. This paper presents an approach that uses images as query seeds instead of keywords called Query by Example (QBE). This approach is tested through an empirical study. It shows that the approach...

  3. Does It Matter How Much Time Students Spend on Line outside of School? PISA in Focus. No. 59

    Science.gov (United States)

    OECD Publishing, 2016

    2016-01-01

    In 2012, 15-year-old students spent over two hours on line each day, on average across OECD countries. The most common online activities among 15-year-olds were browsing the Internet for fun and participating in social networks, with over 70% of students doing one of these every day or almost every day. Students who spent more than six hours per…

  4. Beware When Buying "All Natural" Erectile Dysfunction Products

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... back to top Popular Content Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & ...

  5. LASIK

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... back to top Popular Content Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & ...

  6. Teaching Kids About Using Medicine Safely

    Medline Plus

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  7. Fortify Your Knowledge about Vitamins

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... back to top Popular Content Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & ...

  8. Don't Take This with That!

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... back to top Popular Content Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & ...

  9. Expiration Dates Matter

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... back to top Popular Content Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & ...

  10. Beware of Products Promising Miracle Weight Loss

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... back to top Popular Content Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & ...

  11. Animation of Antimicrobial Resistance

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... back to top Popular Content Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & ...

  12. Women and Diabetes

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... back to top Popular Content Home Latest Recalls Report an Adverse Event MedWatch Safety Alerts News Releases Consumer Updates About FDA Contact FDA Browse by Product Area Product Areas back Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & ...

  13. Social networking for web-based communities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Issa, T.; Kommers, P.A.M.

    2013-01-01

    In the 21st century, a new technology was introduced to facilitate communication, collaboration, and interaction between individuals and businesses. This technology is called social networking; this technology is now part of Internet commodities like email, browsing and blogging. From the 20th centu

  14. A Summarization System for Chinese News from Multiple Sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hsin-Hsi; Kuo, June-Jei; Huang, Sheng-Jie; Lin, Chuan-Jie; Wung, Hung-Chia

    2003-01-01

    Proposes a summarization system for multiple documents that employs named entities and other signatures to cluster news from different sources, as well as punctuation marks, linking elements, and topic chains to identify the meaningful units (MUs). Using nouns and verbs to identify similar MUs, focusing and browsing models are applied to represent…

  15. Effects of reindeer on the re-establishment of Betula pubescens subsp. czerepanovii and Salix phylicifolia in a subarctic meadow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael den Herder

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available The effect of reindeer browsing on the regeneration of Betula pubescens subsp. czerepanovii and Salix phylicifolia was studied in a subarctic meadow in Finnish Lapland. The aim of the study was to see whether tree recovery from seeds is possible under heavy reindeer-browsing pressure. After removal of the ground and field layer vegetation in 1986, two exclosures were established so that the effect of reindeer on the secondary succession, starting from seeds, could be studied. The size and the number of B. pubescens and S. phylicifolia were recorded in 1994, 1996, 1997 and 1999. Reindeer significantly reduced the height and the number of saplings (plants > 10 cm high of B. pubescens and S. phylicifolia but the number of seedlings (plants < 10 cm high did not differ between browsed and unbrowsed plots. Furthermore the heightclass distribution of saplings was different inside the exlosures compared to control areas. Over time browsed plots continued to have high densities of small saplings while in protected plots an increasing number of larger saplings appeared. In our study site, regeneration from seeds seemed possible although the height of B. pubescens and S. phylicifolia was limited by reindeer. 

  16. Weed management using goats: Effects on water infiltration rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goats are used increasingly for weed control, fire fuel reduction and ecological restoration. The high stocking rates typical of these applications have been reported to decrease the rate of water infiltration in goat pastures. The hypothesis that annual goat browsing for weed control decreases infi...

  17. Ubiquitous Learning Website: Scaffold Learners by Mobile Devices with Information-Aware Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, G. D.; Chang, C. K.; Wang, C. Y.

    2008-01-01

    The portability and immediate communication properties of mobile devices influence the learning processes in interacting with peers, accessing resources and transferring data. For example, the short message and browsing functions in a cell phone provide users with timely and adaptive information access. Although many studies of mobile learning…

  18. Mobile Devices in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schachter, Ron

    2009-01-01

    As cell phones--with ever-expanding possibilities of texting, Web browsing, and game playing--have multiplied in recent years among teenagers and even preteens, so have the concerns of teachers and administrators about the distractions these devices can cause. A survey of students and parents earlier this year by the group Common Sense Media found…

  19. The Understanding of Fast Reading by Metacognition Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王旭光; 杨中阳

    2011-01-01

    Students should know the purpose before reading comprehension and reasonably arrange cognitive resources and time. The best way is making a study plan included setting learning objectives, browsing learning materials, producing to answer the questions, and analyzing how to fulfill the tasks, etc. That is based on the metacognition theory. This paper introduces the undemanding of fast reading by metacognition theory.

  20. Pedagogy Embedded in Educational Software Design: Report of a Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinostroza, J. Enrique; Mellar, Harvey

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of educational software focuses on a model of educational software that was derived from a case study of two elementary school teachers participating in a software design process. Considers human-computer interface, interaction, software browsing strategies, and implications for teacher training. (Author/LRW)