WorldWideScience

Sample records for browse search quick

  1. Beyond Information Searching and Browsing: Acquiring Knowledge from Digital Library

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Feng, L.; Jeusfeld, M.A.; Hoppenbrouwers, J.

    2005-01-01

    Digital libraries (DLs) are a resource for answering complex questions. Up to now, such systems mainly support keyword-based searching and browsing. The mapping from a research question to keywords and the assessment whether an article is relevant for a research question is completely with the user.

  2. Book Shelf virtual browse interface and searching for records with physical copies on CDS

    CERN Document Server

    Amanor, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    This project provided the opportunity to learn how the CERN Document Server functions by creating a local invenio instance. With the python programming language, a feature was implemented on CDS in conjunction with other developers. This feature makes it possible for CDS users to search for records using their shelf number and for records which have a physical copy attached to them. This was done by adding the fields 852__2, 852__h and 340__p, obtained from a bibicirculation module’s database table to the marc data of the records. Research was also done into ways of creating a virtual browsing system for CDS users to quickly browse through shelves of books while online.

  3. Leveraging Semantic Web Search and Browse Sessions for Multi-Turn Spoken Dialog Systems

    OpenAIRE

    WANG, LU; Heck, Larry; Hakkani-Tur, Dilek

    2016-01-01

    Training statistical dialog models in spoken dialog systems (SDS) requires large amounts of annotated data. The lack of scalable methods for data mining and annotation poses a significant hurdle for state-of-the-art statistical dialog managers. This paper presents an approach that directly leverage billions of web search and browse sessions to overcome this hurdle. The key insight is that task completion through web search and browse sessions is (a) predictable and (b) generalizes to spoken d...

  4. Design and Implementation of the Personalized Search Engine Based on the Improved Behavior of User Browsing

    OpenAIRE

    Wei-Chao Li; Jin-Guang Liu

    2013-01-01

    An improved user profile based on the user browsing behavior is proposed in this study. In the user profile, the user browsing web pages behaviors, the level of interest to keywords, the user's short-term interest and long-term interest are overall taken into account. The improved user profile based on the user browsing behavior is embedded in the personalized search engine system. The basic framework and the basic functional modules of the system are described detailed in this study. A demon...

  5. Implications of hedonic and utilitarian information search and social media browsing on purchase value

    OpenAIRE

    Nurmikko, Sakari

    2011-01-01

    Information search has become increasingly more efficient and manageable for consumers through the development of the Internet. This has also impacted the way consumers search for information and how the search affects purchasing decisions. The purpose of this research is to examine the way consumers use hedonic and utilitarian information search to search for electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) and how this affects their web browsing habits. This is reflected upon the purchase value of over 1600...

  6. Design and Implementation of the Personalized Search Engine Based on the Improved Behavior of User Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Chao Li

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available An improved user profile based on the user browsing behavior is proposed in this study. In the user profile, the user browsing web pages behaviors, the level of interest to keywords, the user's short-term interest and long-term interest are overall taken into account. The improved user profile based on the user browsing behavior is embedded in the personalized search engine system. The basic framework and the basic functional modules of the system are described detailed in this study. A demonstration system of IUBPSES is developed in the .NET platform. The results of the simulation experiments indicate that the retrieval effects which use the IUBPSES based on the improved user profile for information search surpass the current mainstream search engines. The direction of improvement and further research is proposed in the finally.

  7. Search the Audio, Browse the Video—A Generic Paradigm for Video Collections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efrat Alon

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The amount of digital video being shot, captured, and stored is growing at a rate faster than ever before. The large amount of stored video is not penetrable without efficient video indexing, retrieval, and browsing technology. Most prior work in the field can be roughly categorized into two classes. One class is based on image processing techniques, often called content-based image and video retrieval, in which video frames are indexed and searched for visual content. The other class is based on spoken document retrieval, which relies on automatic speech recognition and text queries. Both approaches have major limitations. In the first approach, semantic queries pose a great challenge, while the second, speech-based approach, does not support efficient video browsing. This paper describes a system where speech is used for efficient searching and visual data for efficient browsing, a combination that takes advantage of both approaches. A fully automatic indexing and retrieval system has been developed and tested. Automated speech recognition and phonetic speech indexing support text-to-speech queries. New browsable views are generated from the original video. A special synchronized browser allows instantaneous, context-preserving switching from one view to another. The system was successfully used to produce searchable-browsable video proceedings for three local conferences.

  8. How happy is your web browsing? A model to quantify satisfaction of an Internet user searching for desired information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerji, Anirban; Magarkar, Aniket

    2012-09-01

    We feel happy when web browsing operations provide us with necessary information; otherwise, we feel bitter. How to measure this happiness (or bitterness)? How does the profile of happiness grow and decay during the course of web browsing? We propose a probabilistic framework that models the evolution of user satisfaction, on top of his/her continuous frustration at not finding the required information. It is found that the cumulative satisfaction profile of a web-searching individual can be modeled effectively as the sum of a random number of random terms, where each term is a mutually independent random variable, originating from ‘memoryless’ Poisson flow. Evolution of satisfaction over the entire time interval of a user’s browsing was modeled using auto-correlation analysis. A utilitarian marker, a magnitude of greater than unity of which describes happy web-searching operations, and an empirical limit that connects user’s satisfaction with his frustration level-are proposed too. The presence of pertinent information in the very first page of a website and magnitude of the decay parameter of user satisfaction (frustration, irritation etc.) are found to be two key aspects that dominate the web user’s psychology. The proposed model employed different combinations of decay parameter, searching time and number of helpful websites. The obtained results are found to match the results from three real-life case studies.

  9. How to do a quick search for evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaacs, David

    2014-08-01

    Doctors quote lack of time and lack of knowledge as major obstacles to searching the literature for evidence. This article argues that it is possible to do a literature search in 10-15 minutes with little specialist knowledge, using the Clinical Queries option of Medline (PubMed). PubMed is a free, user friendly service available to anyone with access to the internet and designed by librarians for use by clinicians who are not skilled in electronic searching. Numerous hidden search filters built into Clinical Queries facilitate targeted searches and find all published systematic reviews (including Cochrane Reviews). If no systematic reviews are available, the clinician can find randomised controlled trials and observational studies. PMID:24612231

  10. Quick and easy implementation of approximate similarity search with Lucene

    OpenAIRE

    Amato, Giuseppe; Bolettieri, Paolo; Gennaro, Claudio; Rabitti, Fausto

    2013-01-01

    Similarity search technique has been proved to be an effective way for retrieving multimedia content. However, as the amount of available multimedia data increases, the cost of developing from scratch a robust and scalable system with content-based image retrieval facilities is quite prohibitive. In this paper, we propose to exploit an approach that allows us to convert low level features into a textual form. In this way, we are able to easily set up a retrieval system on top of the Lucene se...

  11. Online Information Searching Strategy Inventory (OISSI): A Quick Version and a Complete Version

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Meng-Jung

    2009-01-01

    This study developed an instrument to evaluate student online information searching strategies based on a framework comprising three domains and seven aspects. Two versions of the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), including both quick and complete versions, were finally established and exhibited good validities and…

  12. A quick search method for audio signals based on a piecewise linear representation of feature trajectories

    CERN Document Server

    Kimura, Akisato; Kurozumi, Takayuki; Murase, Hiroshi

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a new method for a quick similarity-based search through long unlabeled audio streams to detect and locate audio clips provided by users. The method involves feature-dimension reduction based on a piecewise linear representation of a sequential feature trajectory extracted from a long audio stream. Two techniques enable us to obtain a piecewise linear representation: the dynamic segmentation of feature trajectories and the segment-based Karhunen-L\\'{o}eve (KL) transform. The proposed search method guarantees the same search results as the search method without the proposed feature-dimension reduction method in principle. Experiment results indicate significant improvements in search speed. For example the proposed method reduced the total search time to approximately 1/12 that of previous methods and detected queries in approximately 0.3 seconds from a 200-hour audio database.

  13. GoWeb: Semantic Search and Browsing for the Life Sciences

    OpenAIRE

    Dietze, Heiko

    2010-01-01

    Searching is a fundamental task to support research. Current search engines are keyword-based. Semantic technologies promise a next generation of semantic search engines, which will be able to answer questions. Current approaches either apply natural language processing to unstructured text or they assume the existence of structured statements over which they can reason. This work provides a system for combining the classical keyword-based search engines with semantic annotation. Conventi...

  14. Retrieving Clinical Evidence: A Comparison of PubMed and Google Scholar for Quick Clinical Searches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bejaimal, Shayna AD; Sontrop, Jessica M; Iansavichus, Arthur V; Haynes, R Brian; Weir, Matthew A; Garg, Amit X

    2013-01-01

    Background Physicians frequently search PubMed for information to guide patient care. More recently, Google Scholar has gained popularity as another freely accessible bibliographic database. Objective To compare the performance of searches in PubMed and Google Scholar. Methods We surveyed nephrologists (kidney specialists) and provided each with a unique clinical question derived from 100 renal therapy systematic reviews. Each physician provided the search terms they would type into a bibliographic database to locate evidence to answer the clinical question. We executed each of these searches in PubMed and Google Scholar and compared results for the first 40 records retrieved (equivalent to 2 default search pages in PubMed). We evaluated the recall (proportion of relevant articles found) and precision (ratio of relevant to nonrelevant articles) of the searches performed in PubMed and Google Scholar. Primary studies included in the systematic reviews served as the reference standard for relevant articles. We further documented whether relevant articles were available as free full-texts. Results Compared with PubMed, the average search in Google Scholar retrieved twice as many relevant articles (PubMed: 11%; Google Scholar: 22%; P<.001). Precision was similar in both databases (PubMed: 6%; Google Scholar: 8%; P=.07). Google Scholar provided significantly greater access to free full-text publications (PubMed: 5%; Google Scholar: 14%; P<.001). Conclusions For quick clinical searches, Google Scholar returns twice as many relevant articles as PubMed and provides greater access to free full-text articles. PMID:23948488

  15. Proactive Support of Internet Browsing when Searching for Relevant Health Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rurik, Clas; Zowalla, Richard; Wiesner, Martin; Pfeifer, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Many people use the Internet as one of the primary sources of health information. This is due to the high volume and easy access of freely available information regarding diseases, diagnoses and treatments. However, users may find it difficult to retrieve information which is easily understandable and does not require a deep medical background. In this paper, we present a new kind of Web browser add-on, in order to proactively support users when searching for relevant health information. Our add-on not only visualizes the understandability of displayed medical text but also provides further recommendations of Web pages which hold similar content but are potentially easier to comprehend. PMID:26152963

  16. Active browsing using similarity pyramids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jau-Yuen; Bouman, Charles A.; Dalton, John C.

    1998-12-01

    In this paper, we describe a new approach to managing large image databases, which we call active browsing. Active browsing integrates relevance feedback into the browsing environment, so that users can modify the database's organization to suit the desired task. Our method is based on a similarity pyramid data structure, which hierarchically organizes the database, so that it can be efficiently browsed. At coarse levels, the similarity pyramid allows users to view the database as large clusters of similar images. Alternatively, users can 'zoom into' finer levels to view individual images. We discuss relevance feedback for the browsing process, and argue that it is fundamentally different from relevance feedback for more traditional search-by-query tasks. We propose two fundamental operations for active browsing: pruning and reorganization. Both of these operations depend on a user-defined relevance set, which represents the image or set of images desired by the user. We present statistical methods for accurately pruning the database, and we propose a new 'worm hole' distance metric for reorganizing the database, so that members of the relevance set are grouped together.

  17. Searching the databases: a quick look at Amazon and two other online catalogues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potts, Hilary

    2003-01-01

    The Amazon Online Catalogue was compared with the Library of Congress Catalogue and the British Library Catalogue, both also available online, by searching on both neutral (Gay, Lesbian, Homosexual) and pejorative (Perversion, Sex Crime) subject terms, and also by searches using Boolean logic in an attempt to identify Lesbian Fiction items and religion-based anti-gay material. Amazon was much more likely to be the first port of call for non-academic enquiries. Although excluding much material necessary for academic research, it carried more information about the individual books and less historical homophobic baggage in its terminology than the great national catalogues. Its back catalogue of second-hand books outnumbered those in print. Current attitudes may partially be gauged by the relative numbers of titles published under each heading--e.g., there may be an inverse relationship between concern about child sex abuse and homophobia, more noticeable in U.S. because of the activities of the religious right.

  18. The science of searching--how to find the evidence quickly and efficiently.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Wallace, J

    2012-04-01

    One of the most common findings from health research is the failure to routinely translate research evidence into daily practice. Studies simply can\\'t guarantee the use of their findings. There is just too much research to keep track of and so a large gap develops between what is known and what is done. Evidence that should change practice is often ignored for years. The literature is constantly changing and when an answer to a clinical question is sought, it often comes from an out-of-date textbook. Remaining knowledgeable of current, relevant research is difficult. Consequently, the development of skills in searching electronic databases is vital for the up-to-date clinician.

  19. Multidimensional visualization and browsing for intelligence analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crow, V.; Pottier, M.; Thomas, J. [and others

    1994-09-01

    Visualization tools have been invaluable in the process of scientific discovery by providing researchers with insights gained through graphical tools and techniques. At PNL, the Multidimensional Visualization and Advanced Browsing (MVAB) project is extending visualization technology to the problems of intelligence analysis of textual documents by creating spatial representations of textual information. By representing an entire corpus of documents as points in a coordinate space of two or more dimensions, the tools developed by the MVAB team give the analyst the ability to quickly browse the entire document base and determine relationships among documents and publication patterns not readily discernible through traditional lexical means.

  20. Key Frame Extraction on Quick Browsing Approaches to Academic Videos in Library%图书馆学术视频快速浏览技术中的关键帧提取

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏玉华; 孙建德; 亓靖涛

    2011-01-01

    为满足读者对学术视频的大量需求,根据学术视频自身的特点,提出基于镜头结合字幕检测的学术视频快速浏览技术中的关键帧提取算法,实现图书馆学术视频快速传播的目的。%In order to meet the great demand of readers on academic videos, a key frame extraction algorithm on the features of academic videos is proposed. Based on shot segmentation and caption detection, the academic video quick scan scheme is realized, which is helpful for the rapid spread of library academic videos.

  1. Cooperative Mobile Web Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. P. Perrucci

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper advocates a novel approach for mobile web browsing based on cooperation among wireless devices within close proximity operating in a cellular environment. In the actual state of the art, mobile phones can access the web using different cellular technologies. However, the supported data rates are not sufficient to cope with the ever increasing traffic requirements resulting from advanced and rich content services. Extending the state of the art, higher data rates can only be achieved by increasing complexity, cost, and energy consumption of mobile phones. In contrast to the linear extension of current technology, we propose a novel architecture where mobile phones are grouped together in clusters, using a short-range communication such as Bluetooth, sharing, and accumulating their cellular capacity. The accumulated data rate resulting from collaborative interactions over short-range links can then be used for cooperative mobile web browsing. By implementing the cooperative web browsing on commercial mobile phones, it will be shown that better performance is achieved in terms of increased data rate and therefore reduced access times, resulting in a significantly enhanced web browsing user experience on mobile phones.

  2. I/Browse: the Bellcore video library tool kit

    Science.gov (United States)

    England, Paul; Allen, Robert B.; Sullivan, Mark; Heybey, Andrew; Bianchi, Mike; Dailianas, Apostolos

    1996-03-01

    I/Browse: The Bellcore Video Library Toolkit is a set of tools for constructing and browsing libraries of digital video. The toolkit is designed to work with video libraries on local or network disks, CD-ROMs or a multimedia sever. There are three main components, a preprocessor, a tagger, and a browser. Particular attention is focused on the tools and techniques we have developed to rapidly tag videos. The tagging system allows text fields, type information, and other resources to be associated with frames in the video. The tags are further organized into a hierarchical 'table of contents', which is suitable for browsing and searching.

  3. Cooperative Mobile Web Browsing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perrucci, GP; Fitzek, FHP; Zhang, Qi;

    2009-01-01

    This paper advocates a novel approach for mobile web browsing based on cooperation among wireless devices within close proximity operating in a cellular environment. In the actual state of the art, mobile phones can access the web using different cellular technologies. However, the supported data...... extension of current technology, we propose a novel architecture where mobile phones are grouped together in clusters, using a short-range communication such as Bluetooth, sharing, and accumulating their cellular capacity. The accumulated data rate resulting from collaborative interactions over short...

  4. A Texture Thesaurus for Browsing Large Aerial Photographs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Wei-Ying; Manjunath, B. S.

    1998-01-01

    Presents a texture-based image-retrieval system for browsing large-scale aerial photographs. System components include texture-feature extraction, image segmentation and grouping, learning-similarity measure, and a texture-thesaurus model for fast search and indexing. Testing has demonstrated the system's effectiveness in searching and selecting…

  5. The visual analysis of textual information: Browsing large document sets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, J.; Pennock, K.; Fiegel, T.; Wise, J.; Pottier, M.; Schur, A.; Crow, V. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Lantrip, D. [California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA (United States)

    1995-05-01

    Visualization tools have been invaluable in the process of scientific discovery by providing researchers with insights gained through graphical tools and techniques. At PNL, the Multidimensional Visualization and Advanced Browsing (MVAB) project is extending visualization technology to the problems of intelligence analysis of textual documents by creating spatial representations of textual information. By representing an entire corpus of documents as points in a coordinate space of two or more dimensions, the tools developed by the MVAB team give the analyst the ability to quickly browse the entire document base and determine relationships among documents and publication patterns not readily discernible through traditional lexical means.

  6. ClinicalKey 2.0: Upgrades in a Point-of-Care Search Engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huslig, Mary Ann; Vardell, Emily

    2015-01-01

    ClinicalKey 2.0, launched September 23, 2014, offers a mobile-friendly design with a search history feature for targeting point-of-care resources for health care professionals. Browsing is improved with searchable, filterable listings of sources highlighting new resources. ClinicalKey 2.0 improvements include more than 1,400 new Topic Pages for quick access to point-of-care content. A sample search details some of the upgrades and content options.

  7. Quick Search for Rare Events

    OpenAIRE

    Tajer, Ali; Poor, H. Vincent

    2012-01-01

    Rare events can potentially occur in many applications. When manifested as opportunities to be exploited, risks to be ameliorated, or certain features to be extracted, such events become of paramount significance. Due to their sporadic nature, the information-bearing signals associated with rare events often lie in a large set of irrelevant signals and are not easily accessible. This paper provides a statistical framework for detecting such events so that an optimal balance between detection ...

  8. Scripps satellite archive browsing for localized environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, J. J.

    Scripps Satellite Archive Browsing for Localized Environments (SSable) is a new interactive tool for browsing the Scripps Satellite Oceanography Center's (SSOC) archive of satellite data in your laboratory or office. The archive contains data from the National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration/Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer(AVHRR) series of satellites dating from 1979 to present. SSOC maintains a capture station, and data are continually being added to the SSable system within 10 minutes of capture completion.SSable provides an easy-to-use, pointand-click, mouse driven user interface developed around the OSF/Motif widget set and the X Window protocol. All options are selected by either directly clicking the mouse on the desired push button, or pulling down a sub-menu from a push-button. A “fill-inthe-blanks” window appears to guide the user in defining the operation. All SSable option menus have a cancel button to abort the operation. Users can search for data by time, day, geographic coordinate or, if the user knows the structure of the Scripps archive, by explicit archive number.

  9. Anonymous Web Browsing and Hosting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MANOJ KUMAR

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In today’s high tech environment every organization, individual computer users use internet for accessing web data. To maintain high confidentiality and security of the data secure web solutions are required. In this paper we described dedicated anonymous web browsing solutions which makes our browsing faster and secure. Web application which play important role for transferring our secret information including like email need more and more security concerns. This paper also describes that how we can choose safe web hosting solutions and what the main functions are which provides more security over server data. With the browser security network security is also important which can be implemented using cryptography solutions, VPN and by implementing firewalls on the network. Hackers always try to steal our identity and data, they track our activities using the network application software’s and do harmful activities. So in this paper we described that how we can monitor them from security purposes.

  10. Seqcrawler: biological data indexing and browsing platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sallou Olivier

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Seqcrawler takes its roots in software like SRS or Lucegene. It provides an indexing platform to ease the search of data and meta-data in biological banks and it can scale to face the current flow of data. While many biological bank search tools are available on the Internet, mainly provided by large organizations to search their data, there is a lack of free and open source solutions to browse one’s own set of data with a flexible query system and able to scale from a single computer to a cloud system. A personal index platform will help labs and bioinformaticians to search their meta-data but also to build a larger information system with custom subsets of data. Results The software is scalable from a single computer to a cloud-based infrastructure. It has been successfully tested in a private cloud with 3 index shards (pieces of index hosting ~400 millions of sequence information (whole GenBank, UniProt, PDB and others for a total size of 600 GB in a fault tolerant architecture (high-availability. It has also been successfully integrated with software to add extra meta-data from blast results to enhance users’ result analysis. Conclusions Seqcrawler provides a complete open source search and store solution for labs or platforms needing to manage large amount of data/meta-data with a flexible and customizable web interface. All components (search engine, visualization and data storage, though independent, share a common and coherent data system that can be queried with a simple HTTP interface. The solution scales easily and can also provide a high availability infrastructure.

  11. Hyperdatabase: A schema for browsing multiple databases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to insure effective information retrieval, a user may need to search multiple databases on multiple systems. Although front end systems have been developed to assist the user in accessing different systems, they access one retrieval system at a time and the search has to be repeated for each required database on each retrieval system. More importantly, the user interacts with the results as independent sessions. This paper models multiple bibliographic databases distributed over one or more retrieval systems as a hyperdatabase, i.e., a single virtual database. The hyperdatabase is viewed as a hypergraph in which each node represents a bibliographic item and the links among nodes represent relations among the items. In the response to a query, bibliographic items are extracted from the hyperdatabase and linked together to form a transient hypergraph. This hypergraph is transient in the sense that it is ''created'' in response to a query and only ''exists'' for the duration of the query session. A hypertext interface permits the user to browse the transient hypergraph in a nonlinear manner. The technology to implement a system based on this model is available now, consisting of powerful workstation, distributed processing, high-speed communications, and CD-ROMs. As the technology advances and costs decrease such systems should be generally available. (author). 13 refs, 5 figs

  12. Aspect-based video browsing - a user study

    OpenAIRE

    Hopfgartner, F.; Urruty, T.; Hannah, D.; Elliott, D.; Jose, J.M.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we present a user study on a novel video search interface based on the concept of aspect browsing. We aim to confirm whether automatically suggesting new aspects can increase the performance of an aspect-based browser. The proposed strategy is to assist the user in exploratory video search by actively suggesting new query terms and video shots. We use a clustering technique to identify potential aspects and use the results to propose suggestions to the user to help them in thei...

  13. Shrub control by browsing: Targeting adult plants

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silveira Pontes, Laíse; Magda, Danièle; Gleizes, Benoît; Agreil, Cyril

    2016-01-01

    Reconciling the well known benefits of shrubs for forage with environmental goals, whilst preventing their dominance, is a major challenge in rangeland management. Browsing may be an economical solution for shrubby rangelands as herbivore browsing has been shown to control juvenile shrub growth. Less convincing results have been obtained for adult plants, and long-term experiments are required to investigate the cumulative effects on adult plants. We therefore assessed the impact of different levels of browsing intensity on key demographic parameters for a major dominant shrub species (broom, Cytisus scoparius), focusing on adult plants. We assigned individual broom plants to one of three age classes: 3-5 years (young adults); 5-7 years (adults); and 7-9 years (mature adults). These plants were then left untouched or had 50% or 90% of their total edible stem biomass removed in simulated low-intensity and high-intensity browsing treatments, respectively. Morphological, survival and fecundity data were collected over a period of four years. Browsing affected the morphology of individual plants, promoting changes in subsequent regrowth, and decreasing seed production. The heavily browsed plants were 17% shorter, 32% narrower, and their twigs were 28% shorter. Light browsing seemed to control the growth of young adult plants more effectively than that of older plants. Reproductive output was considerably lower than for control plants after light browsing, and almost 100% lower after heavy browsing. High-intensity browsing had a major effect on survival causing high levels of plant mortality. We conclude that suitable browsing practices could be used to modify adult shrub demography in the management of shrub dominance and forage value.

  14. Java for dummies quick reference

    CERN Document Server

    Lowe, Doug

    2012-01-01

    A reference that answers your questions as you move through your coding The demand for Android programming and web apps continues to grow at an unprecedented pace and Java is the preferred language for both. Java For Dummies Quick Reference keeps you moving through your coding while you solve a problem, look up a command or syntax, or search for a programming tip. Whether you're a Java newbie or a seasoned user, this fast reference offers you quick access to solutions without requiring that you wade through pages of tutorial material. Leverages the true reference format that is organized with

  15. A preliminary study on exploratory search behavior of undergraduate students in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yunqiu; ZHANG; Wenxiu; AN; Jia; FENG

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This study attempts to investigate how a user’s search behavior changes in the exploratory search process in order to understand the characteristics of the user’s search behavior and build a behavioral model.Design/methodology/approach: Forty-two matriculated full-time senior college students with a female-to-male ratio of 1 to 1 who majored in medical science in Jilin University participated in our experiment. The task of the experiment was to search for information about "the influence of environmental pollution on daily life" in order to write a report about this topic. The research methods include concept map, query log analysis and questionnaire survey.Findings: The results indicate that exploratory search can significantly change the knowledge structure of searchers. As searchers were moving through different stages of the exploratory search process, they experienced cognitive changes, and their search behaviors were characterized by quick browsing, careful browsing and focused searching.Research limitations: The study used only one search topic, and there is no comparision or control group. Although we took search habits, personal thinking habits, personality characteristics and professional background into account, a more detailed study to analyze the effects of these factors on exploratory search behavior is needed in our further research.Practical implications: This study can serve as a reference for other researchers engaged in the same effort to construct the supporting system of exploratory search.Originality/value: Three methods are used to investigate the behavior characteristics during exploratory search.

  16. Secure Environment for Internet Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru Tudor Gavrilescu

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The Internet is used by a large proportion of the population, but unfortunately their education regarding the usage of the instruments available is poor, resulting in potential informational frauds, especially in the financial field.In this article I have approached a few simple problems, yet very important and frequently occurred, regarding the secure environment for Internet browsing, proposing solutions for each of them. The security methods are: anti-phishing; the prevention of SQL injection, through the verification of the data given as input in the Address Bar and in the password fields and blocking the access in case of a potential threat; a virtual keyboard for preventing the recording of the keys pressed (key loggers; the backup of the credentials in a local file and the encryption of it to prevent unauthorized access, the decryption of the data is made using a unique encryption key, owned by the user.

  17. Random Assisted Browsing of Rushes Archives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tijana Janjusevic

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available How to efficiently browse a large video database if its content is unknown to the user? In this paper we propose new approaches for browsing initialisation, exploration and content access of a rushes archive, where the span of information stored can be huge and difficult to understand at a glance. Exploring and navigating through raw footage is assisted by organising the video material in a meaningful structure and by adopting appropriate visualisation solutions. Un-annotated content is organised in hierarchical previews, while browsing is enabled by novel methods of random exploration and random content access to preview nodes. User tests conducted on professional users in a realwork scenario aim at demonstrating how the hierarchical visualisation and the proposed random browsing solutions assist the process of accessing and retrieving desired content.

  18. Browse quality and the Kenai moose population

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report covers the browse quality and the Kenai moose population. The quality of moose forage on the north western Kenai Peninsula was evaluated by determining...

  19. Quick Trickle Permutation Based on Quick Trickle Characteristic Sequence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangLi-na; FeiRu-chun; LiuZhu

    2003-01-01

    The concept of quick trickle characteristic sequence is presented, the properties and count of quick trickle characteristic sequence are researched, the mapping relationship between quick trickle characteristic sequence and quick trickle permutation is discussed. Finally, an efficient construction of quick trickle permutation based on quick trickle characteristic sequence is given, by which quick trickle permutation can be figured out after constructing quick trickle characteristic sequence. Quick trickle permutation has good cryptographic properties.

  20. R quick syntax reference

    CERN Document Server

    Tollefson, Margot

    2014-01-01

    The R Quick Syntax Reference is a handy reference book detailing the intricacies of the R language. Not only is R a free, open-source tool, R is powerful, flexible, and has state of the art statistical techniques available. With the many details which must be correct when using any language, however, the R Quick Syntax Reference makes using R easier.Starting with the basic structure of R, the book takes you on a journey through the terminology used in R and the syntax required to make R work. You will find looking up the correct form for an expression quick and easy. With a copy of the R Quick

  1. DIVE into the Event-Based Browsing of Linked Historical Media

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    V. de Boer (Victor); J. Oomen (Johan); O. Inel (Oana); L. Aroyo (Lora); E. van Staveren (Elco); W. Helmich (Werner); D. de Beurs (Dennis)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractDIVE is a linked-data digital cultural heritage collection browser. It was developed to provide innovative access to heritage objects from heterogeneous collections, using historical events and narratives as the context for searching, browsing and presentating of individual and group of

  2. A Model for Quick Searching and Recognizing Path of a Moving Target%运动目标快速搜索辨识的路径规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁俊华; 年福耿; 刘李楠

    2013-01-01

    运动目标快速搜索辨识问题属于路径规划,与背包问题以及推销员最佳路线问题相似,但又存在明显区别:前者问题目标是运动的,后者是静止的;当运动目标是待辨识可疑船只时,还要考虑多种因素和资源.基于此,提出“动静结合”,在利用Hamilton回路算法和Kruskal避圈法的基础上,设计截相遇迭代算法,并根据目标的威胁等级以及聚集程度建立最优搜索策略.%The problem to search and identify the path of a moving is a path planning problem.It is similar to knappack problem and best saleman route,but with significant differences:problem targets at moving objects,while other problems deal with static situation.Especially when the target is a suspicious ship,the safety of convoy should be also considered.Based on this,a model combining target movement and static condition are proposd.Model use the Hamilton loop optimal algorithm and Kruskal’s algorithm to establish a optimal search strategy,with a cut-off encounter algorithm to solving the problem.

  3. Analysing Parallel and Passive Web Browsing Behavior and its Effects on Website Metrics

    OpenAIRE

    von der Weth, Christian; Hauswirth, Manfred

    2014-01-01

    Getting deeper insights into the online browsing behavior of Web users has been a major research topic since the advent of the WWW. It provides useful information to optimize website design, Web browser design, search engines offerings, and online advertisement. We argue that new technologies and new services continue to have significant effects on the way how people browse the Web. For example, listening to music clips on YouTube or to a radio station on Last.fm does not require users to sit...

  4. QuickBase

    CERN Document Server

    Conner, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    Ready to put Intuit's QuickBase to work? Our new Missing Manual shows you how to capture, modify, share, and manage data and documents with this web-based data-sharing program quickly and easily. No longer do you have to coordinate your team through a blizzard of emails or play frustrating games of "guess which document is the right one."QuickBase saves your organization time and money, letting you manage and share the information that makes your business tick: sales figures, project timelines, drafts of documents, purchase or work requests--whatever information you need to keep business flowi

  5. EPA QUICK REFERENCE GUIDES

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA Quick Reference Guides are compilations of information on chemical and biological terrorist agents. The information is presented in consistent format and includes agent characteristics, release scenarios, health and safety data, real-time field detection, effect levels, samp...

  6. An overview of the Scripps Satellite archive and Browse for Localized Environments (SSABLE) System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, James J.; Harkins, Daniel N.

    1993-08-01

    The Scripps Satellite Archive and Browse for Localized Environments (SSABLE) system is a network based system for the user-friendly archive, browse, order, and distribution of satellite data [e.g., NOAA Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR), NIMBUS Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS)]. SSABLE provides an easy to use, point-and-click mouse driven graphical interface developed around the Open Software Foundation's OSF/Motif Widget Set and the X Window network communication protocol. A relational database, accessed through SSABLE's Graphical User Interface (GUI), provides efficient and effective search capabilities to complex satellite databases. Unlike traditional satellite data browse systems, SSABLE does not require end users to invest in expensive dedicated-purpose hardware or software. Moreover, SSABLE is updated in near-real time; passes collected at the Scripps Satellite Oceanography Center (SSOC) in La Jolla, CA are available for global browsing within minutes of capture. SSABLE also provides a user-friendly mechanism for re-archiving historical satellite data. The device independence and performance of SSABLE have been verified at over 90 national and international test sites. Typical update response times in the U.S., Canada, and Australia are between 2-5 seconds; transmissions to Europe typically require 20-25 seconds. More information about the use of SSABLE is available through the email address; browse@oddie.ucsd.edu.

  7. Quick connect fastener

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weddendorf, Bruce (Inventor)

    1994-01-01

    A quick connect fastener and method of use is presented wherein the quick connect fastener is suitable for replacing available bolts and screws, the quick connect fastener being capable of installation by simply pushing a threaded portion of the connector into a member receptacle hole, the inventive apparatus being comprised of an externally threaded fastener having a threaded portion slidably mounted upon a stud or bolt shaft, wherein the externally threaded fastener portion is expandable by a preloaded spring member. The fastener, upon contact with the member receptacle hole, has the capacity of presenting cylindrical threads of a reduced diameter for insertion purposes and once inserted into the receiving threads of the receptacle member hole, are expandable for engagement of the receptacle hole threads forming a quick connect of the fastener and the member to be fastened, the quick connect fastener can be further secured by rotation after insertion, even to the point of locking engagement, the quick connect fastener being disengagable only by reverse rotation of the mated thread engagement.

  8. Giraffe browsing in response to plant traits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahenya, Obeid; Ndjamba, Johannes Kambinda; Mathisen, Karen Marie; Skarpe, Christina

    2016-08-01

    Intake rates by large herbivores are governed by among other things plant traits. We used Masai giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi Matschie) as study animals, testing whether they as very large browsers would follow the Jarman-Bell principle and maximize intake rate while tolerating low forage quality. We worked in Arusha National Park, Tanzania. We investigated how intake rate was determined by bite mass and bite rate, and show that bite mass and bite rate were determined by plant characteristics, governed by inherent plant traits, plant traits acquired from previous years' browsing, and season. We predicted that; (1) bite mass would be larger in trees without spines than with (2) bite mass would be larger in the wet season than in the dry, (3) bite rate would be higher in spinescent trees than in non-spinescent, (4) bite rate and/or bite mass would increase with previous years' browsing, (5) bite mass, bite rate or browsing time per tree would be highest for high trees with large, although still available canopies. Visual observations were used to collect data on tree attributes, number of bites taken and time of browsing. Sample size was 132 observed giraffe. We found that bite mass was larger in spineless than in spinescent trees and was larger in the wet season than in the dry. Bite rate, but not bite mass, increased with increasing browsing in previous years and was highest on two to three meter high trees and in spinescent trees. Intake rate followed bite mass more than bite rate and was higher in spineless than in spinescent trees, higher in the wet season than in the dry, and tended to increase with tree height. Giraffe did not prioritize the highest intake rate, but browsed much on Acacias giving a high quality diet but a low intake rate.

  9. Mobile web browsing using the cloud

    CERN Document Server

    Zhao, Bo; Cao, Guohong

    2013-01-01

    This brief surveys existing techniques to address the problem of long delays and high power consumption for web browsing on smartphones, which can be due to the local computational limitation at the smartphone (e.g., running java scripts or flash objects) level. To address this issue, an architecture called Virtual-Machine based Proxy (VMP) is introduced, shifting the computing from smartphones to the VMP which may reside in the cloud. Mobile Web Browsing Using the Cloud illustrates the feasibility of deploying the proposed VMP system in 3G networks through a prototype using Xen virtual machin

  10. CliffsQuickReview Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huetinck, Linda; Ph., D.; Adams, Scott

    2001-06-01

    CliffsQuickReview course guides cover the essentials of your toughest subjects. Get a firm grip on core concepts and key material, and test your newfound knowledge with review questions. Whether you need a course supplement, help preparing for a physics exam, or a concise reference for physics, CliffsQuickReview Physics can help. This guide provides a valuable introduction to the concepts of classical mechanics, thermodynamics, magnetism, and electricity. In no time, you'll be ready to tackle other concepts in this book such as Wave motion and sound Current and resistance Electromagnetic induction Geometrical optics Nuclear physics Quantum mechanics CliffsQuickReview Physics acts as a supplement to your other learning material. Use this reference in any way that fits your personal style for study and review -- you decide what works best with your needs. You can flip through the book until you find what you're looking for -- it's organized to gradually build on key concepts. Or, here are just a few other ways you can search for topics: Use the free Pocket Guide full of essential information Get a glimpse of what you'll gain from a chapter by reading through the Chapter Check-In at the beginning of each chapter Use the Chapter Checkout at the end of each chapter to gauge your grasp of the important information you need to know Test your knowledge more completely in the CQR Review and look for additional sources of information in the CQR Resource Center Use the glossary to find key terms fast. With titles available for all the most popular high school and college courses, CliffsQuickReview guides are a comprehensive resource that can help you get the best possible grades.

  11. A Quaternary-Stage User Interest Model Based on User Browsing Behavior and Web Page Classification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zongli Jiang; Hang Su

    2012-01-01

    The key to personalized search engine lies in user model. Traditional personalized model results in that the search results of secondary search are partial to the long-term interests, besides, forgetting to the long-term interests disenables effective recollection of user interests. This paper presents a quaternary-stage user interest model based on user browsing behavior and web page classification, which consults the principles of cache and recycle bin in operating system, by setting up an illuminating text-stage and a recycle bin interest-stage in front and rear of the traditional interest model respectively to constitute the quaternary-stage user interest model. The model can better reflect the user interests, by using an adaptive natural weight and its calculation method, and by efficiently integrating user browsing behavior and web document content.

  12. Research on Browsing Behavior in the Libraries: An Empirical Analysis of Consequences, Success and Influences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shan-Ju L. Chang

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Browsing as an important part of human information behavior has been observed and investigated in the context of information seeking in the library in general and has assumed greater importance in human-machine interaction in particular. However, the nature and consequences of browsing are not well understood, and little is known of the success rate of such behavior.In this research, exploratory empirical case studies from three types of libraries were conducted, using questionnaires, observation logs, interviews, and computer search logs, to derive the empirical evidence to understand, from the user point of view, what are the consequences of browsing, what constitutes successful browsing, and what factors influence the extent of browsing. Content analysis and statistical analysis were conducted to analyze and synthesize the data. The research results show: (1 There are nine categories of the consequence of browsing, including accidental findings, modification of information need, found the desirable information, learning, feeling relaxation/recreational, information gathering, keeping updated, satisfying curiosity, and not finding what is needed. (2 Four factors that produce successful browsing: intention, the amount or quality of information, the utility of what is found, and help for solving problem or making judgment. (3 Three types of reasons for unsuccessful experience in browsing: not finding what one wanted, inadequate volume or quality of information, and not finding some things useful or interesting. (4 Three types of reasons for partial success: found the intended object but not happy with the quality or amount of information in it, not finding what one wanted but discovering new or potential useful information, not accomplish one purpose but achieve another one given multiple purposes. (5 The influential factors that affect the extent one engages in browsing include browser’s time, scheme of information organization, proximity to

  13. Video browsing interfaces and applications: a review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoeffmann, Klaus; Hopfgartner, Frank; Marques, Oge; Boeszoermenyi, Laszlo; Jose, Joemon M.

    2010-01-01

    We present a comprehensive review of the state of the art in video browsing and retrieval systems, with special emphasis on interfaces and applications. There has been a significant increase in activity (e.g., storage, retrieval, and sharing) employing video data in the past decade, both for personal and professional use. The ever-growing amount of video content available for human consumption and the inherent characteristics of video data-which, if presented in its raw format, is rather unwieldy and costly-have become driving forces for the development of more effective solutions to present video contents and allow rich user interaction. As a result, there are many contemporary research efforts toward developing better video browsing solutions, which we summarize. We review more than 40 different video browsing and retrieval interfaces and classify them into three groups: applications that use video-player-like interaction, video retrieval applications, and browsing solutions based on video surrogates. For each category, we present a summary of existing work, highlight the technical aspects of each solution, and compare them against each other.

  14. Thinking Style, Browsing Primes and Hypermedia Navigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiorina, Lorenzo; Antonietti, Alessandro; Colombo, Barbara; Bartolomeo, Annella

    2007-01-01

    There is a common assumption that hypermedia navigation is influenced by a learner's style of thinking, so people who are inclined to apply sequential and analytical strategies (left-thinkers) are thought to browse hypermedia in a linear way, whereas those who prefer holistic and intuitive strategies (right-thinkers) tend towards non-linear paths.…

  15. Medical Applications of Remote Electronic Browsing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chadwick, Joseph

    The purposes of this study are to identify and define viable remote browsing techniques and the requirements for an interactive medical information system that would permit the use of such techniques. The main emphasis is in the areas of: (1) remote viewing of page material; and (2) remote interrogation of fact banks with question-answering…

  16. bash Quick Reference

    CERN Document Server

    Robbins, Arnold

    2008-01-01

    In this quick reference, you'll find everything you need to know about the bash shell. Whether you print it out or read it on the screen, this PDF gives you the answers to the annoying questions that always come up when you're writing shell scripts: What characters do you need to quote? How do you get variable substitution to do exactly what you want? How do you use arrays? It's also helpful for interactive use. If you're a Unix user or programmer, or if you're using bash on Windows, you'll find this quick reference indispensable.

  17. Android quick APIs reference

    CERN Document Server

    Cinar, Onur

    2015-01-01

    The Android Quick APIs Reference is a condensed code and APIs reference for the new Google Android 5.0 SDK. It presents the essential Android APIs in a well-organized format that can be used as a handy reference. You won't find any technical jargon, bloated samples, drawn out history lessons, or witty stories in this book. What you will find is a software development kit and APIs reference that is concise, to the point and highly accessible. The book is packed with useful information and is a must-have for any mobile or Android app developer or programmer. In the Android Quick APIs Refe

  18. The Unrelenting Search for a Quick Fix

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinak, Barbara A.

    2016-01-01

    Cassidy, Ortlieb, and Grote-Garcia (2016) have penned an important and insightful article. This reflection on the impact of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS; National Governors Association [NGA] Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers [CCSSO], 2010) through the lens of "What's Hot, What's Not" for two…

  19. Supporting aspect-based video browsing - analysis of a user study

    OpenAIRE

    Urruty, T.; Hopfgartner, F.; Hannah, D.; Elliott, D.; Jose, J.M.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we present a novel video search interface based on the concept of aspect browsing. The proposed strategy is to assist the user in exploratory video search by actively suggesting new query terms and video shots. Our approach has the potential to narrow the "Semantic Gap" issue by allowing users to explore the data collection. First, we describe a clustering technique to identify potential aspects of a search. Then, we use the results to propose suggestions to the user to help th...

  20. Experimental Interfaces Involving Visual Grouping During Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stan Ruecker

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a brief overview of a number of experimental interface design projects being carried out collaboratively by teams of researchers at the University of Alberta and elsewhere. One goal of this interface research is to explore the principles of rich-prospect browsing interfaces, which I have defined (Author 2003 as those where some meaningful representation of every item in a collection is combined with tools for manipulating the display. Often this manipulation is for the purposes of carrying out some portion of a research task: the interfaces lend themselves to exploratory and synthetic activities, such as knowledge discovery and hypothesis formulation. The projects summarized here begin with a browsing prototype originally designed for the task of pill identification (Given et al. 2005 but subsequently extended into a prototype for browsing conference delegates and other groups of people (Author et al. 2006. Another is a nuanced system based on the mandala (Cheypesh et al. 2006 intended for examining any collection that has been encoded with an XML schema, using combinations of attractors selected by the user from the available tags. Next is the set of specialized interfaces for the Orlando Project (Orlando Team 2006, intended to provide a set of discrete entry points into the deeply-encoded electronic history of women’s writing in the British Isles. Our project on tabular interfaces provides a variety of spaces designed to assist the user in using thesauri for multilingual query enhancement (Anvik et al. 2006. The final project described below is NORA (Unsworth 2004, which relies on the power of the D2K data-mining tools at the National Centre for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign to give humanities scholars a workspace for exploring the system-identified features of common documents and further documents that have been recommended by the system. Each of these projects are

  1. Browsing the Internet: good-bye anonymity!

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2012-01-01

    Do you consider browsing the Internet to be your private business? When visiting random web-sites, how far do you assume you are anonymous? Would it matter to you that Google or Facebook can profile your browsing behaviour in order to better target you with advertisements? Did you notice that you already get targeted ads when you are logged on to Google or Facebook even if you are visiting completely different websites? If matters to you, note that browsing anonymously on the Internet is far from easy.   When you are connected to the Internet, you give away a variety of information: your PC’s IP address, some browser settings like language or screen size, and, probably, your login information. So how private is private? You might argue that your current IP address has been picked from a pool of addresses and therefore regularly changes, so it does not necessarily always pinpoint you. On the other hand, with the dawn of IPv6 there is no need any more for shared IP addresses as the...

  2. QDPHOT: Quick & Dirty PHOTometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mighell, Kenneth

    2016-01-01

    QDPHOT is a fast CCD stellar photometry task which quickly produces CCD stellar photometry from two CCD images of a star field. It was designed to be a data mining tool for finding high-quality stellar observations in the data archives of the National Virtual Observatory. QDPHOT typically takes just a few seconds to analyze two Hubble Space Telescope WFPC2 observations of Local Group star clusters. It is also suitable for real-time data-quality analysis of CCD observations; on-the-fly instrumental color-magnitude diagrams can be produced at the telescope console during the few seconds between CCD readouts.

  3. Shrub encroachment control by browsing: Targeting the right demographic process

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silveira Pontes, Laíse; Magda, Danièle; Jarry, Marc; Gleizes, Benoît; Agreil, Cyril

    2012-11-01

    Exploring key demographic parameters for establishment and growth of shrub populations enables us to identify the life stages or plant organs that browsers need to consume to effectively influence shrub population dynamics. However, there is a lack of concrete knowledge on how browsing can efficiently meet this goal. We therefore tested the impact of different levels of browsing intensity on a key demographic parameter (survival of juveniles) of a major colonizing shrub species (broom, Cytisus scoparius) in order to control population growth, and designed a browsing management strategy focused on this target stage. Three browsing intensities, representing pertinent management practices, were simulated on juveniles (2 years old) in a broom population. Juvenile broom plants were either left untouched (control treatment; n = 126) or had 50% or 90% of their total edible stem biomass removed for "light-intensity browsing" (n = 127) and "high-intensity browsing" (n = 77) treatments, respectively. Survival and fecundity data were collected over 6 years. Standard matrix modeling was used to analyze the impact of browsing on changes in population growth rate (λ), and the results were 6.34 (control), 2.26 (light browsing) and 0.85 (heavy browsing). Therefore, the natural expansion of broom populations may be slowed by light browsing or even reversed by heavy browsing (λ < 1). This multi-year survey confirms that focusing browsing on juveniles is an efficient strategy for controlling broom dominance. Shrub control strategies should therefore target early-growth-stage populations and repeat the browsing strategy at the same intensity over several years to achieve cumulative effects.

  4. Query sensitive comparative summarization of search results using concept based segmentation

    CERN Document Server

    Chitra, P; Sarukesi, K

    2012-01-01

    Query sensitive summarization aims at providing the users with the summary of the contents of single or multiple web pages based on the search query. This paper proposes a novel idea of generating a comparative summary from a set of URLs from the search result. User selects a set of web page links from the search result produced by search engine. Comparative summary of these selected web sites is generated. This method makes use of HTML DOM tree structure of these web pages. HTML documents are segmented into set of concept blocks. Sentence score of each concept block is computed with respect to the query and feature keywords. The important sentences from the concept blocks of different web pages are extracted to compose the comparative summary on the fly. This system reduces the time and effort required for the user to browse various web sites to compare the information. The comparative summary of the contents would help the users in quick decision making.

  5. Procedure for audio-assisted browsing of news video using generalized sound recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divakaran, Ajay; Radhakrishnan, Regunathan; Xiong, Ziyou; Casey, Michael

    2003-01-01

    In Casey describes a generalized sound recognition framework based on reduced rank spectra and Minimum-Entropy Priors. This approach enables successful recognition of a wide variety of sounds such as male speech, female speech, music, animal sounds etc. In this work, we apply this recognition framework to news video to enable quick video browsing. We identify speaker change positions in the broadcast news using the sound recognition framework. We combine the speaker change position with color & motion cues from video and are able to locate the beginning of each of the topics covered by the news video. We can thus skim the video by merely playing a small portion starting from each of the locations where one of the principal cast begins to speak. In combination with our motion-based video browsing approach, our technique provides simple automatic news video browsing. While similar work has been done before, our approach is simpler and faster than competing techniques, and provides a rich framework for further analysis and description of content.

  6. Future View: Web Navigation based on Learning User's Browsing Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagino, Norikatsu; Yamada, Seiji

    In this paper, we propose a Future View system that assists user's usual Web browsing. The Future View will prefetch Web pages based on user's browsing strategies and present them to a user in order to assist Web browsing. To learn user's browsing strategy, the Future View uses two types of learning classifier systems: a content-based classifier system for contents change patterns and an action-based classifier system for user's action patterns. The results of learning is applied to crawling by Web robots, and the gathered Web pages are presented to a user through a Web browser interface. We experimentally show effectiveness of navigation using the Future View.

  7. Experimental Interfaces Involving Visual Grouping During Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr Stan Ruecker

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a brief overview of a number of experimental interface design projects being carried out collaboratively by teams of researchers at the University of Alberta and elsewhere. One goal of this interface research is to explore the principles of rich-prospect browsing interfaces, which I have defined (Ruecker 1 as those where some meaningful representation of every item in a collection is combined with tools for manipulating the display. Often this manipulation is for the purpose of carrying out some portion of a research task: the interfaces lend themselves to exploratory and synthetic activities, such as knowledge discovery and hypothesis formulation. The projects summarized here begin with a browsing prototype originally designed for the task of pill identification (Given et al.. This prototype was subsequently extended into a prototype for browsing conference delegates and other groups of people (Ruecker et al.. Another direction is represented by a nuanced system based on the mandala (Cheypesh et al. intended for examining any collection that has been encoded with an XML schema. The Mandala Browser uses combinations of “magnetic axes” selected by the user from the available tags. Next is the set of specialized interfaces for the Orlando Project (Orlando Team, intended to provide a set of discrete entry points into the deeply-encoded electronic history of women’s writing in the British Isles. Our project on tabular interfaces provides a variety of spaces designed to assist the user in using thesauri for multilingual query enhancement (Anvik et al.. The final project described below is NORA (Unsworth, which relies on the power of the D2K data-mining tools at the National Centre for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The goal of NORA is to give humanities scholars a workspace for exploring the system-identified features of common documents and further documents that havebeen

  8. Quick Response Code in Library Services

    OpenAIRE

    Stefano Gambari

    2010-01-01

    Through the help of many examples, the author analyzes the uses of the Quick Response (QR) Code in libraries. QR is a bidimensional code composed by black and white pixels into a squared matrix, containing information to be enjoyed with the help of smartphones or similar devices. Scanning the code, which is usually printed on newspapers, posters, or captions, and processing it with ad-hoc software, users can obtain additional information and data on objects or services without extra searches....

  9. Social Browsing & Information Filtering in Social Media

    CERN Document Server

    Lerman, Kristina

    2007-01-01

    Social networks are a prominent feature of many social media sites, a new generation of Web sites that allow users to create and share content. Sites such as Digg, Flickr, and Del.icio.us allow users to designate others as "friends" or "contacts" and provide a single-click interface to track friends' activity. How are these social networks used? Unlike pure social networking sites (e.g., LinkedIn and Facebook), which allow users to articulate their online professional and personal relationships, social media sites are not, for the most part, aimed at helping users create or foster online relationships. Instead, we claim that social media users create social networks to express their tastes and interests, and use them to filter the vast stream of new submissions to find interesting content. Social networks, in fact, facilitate new ways of interacting with information: what we call social browsing. Through an extensive analysis of data from Digg and Flickr, we show that social browsing is one of the primary usa...

  10. A method for determining the onset year of intense browsing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keigley, R.B.; Frisina, M.R.; Fager, C.

    2003-01-01

    A survey based on browsing related architectures indicated that browsing level had increased at the Mt. Haggin Wildlife Management Area. We describe a technique for determining the year in which the increase in browsing level occurred. The technique is based on the analysis of stems old enough to have experienced the early period of light browsing; the onset year of intense browsing was determined by using dendrochronology to date the formation of twig clusters produced by intense browsing. Stems from 20 Geyer willow (Salix geyeriana Anderss.) plants were analyzed from each of 6 study sites. Mean onset years at the 6 sites ranged from 1983.1 to 1988.4; the mean onset year for all 6 sites was 1985.4 ?? 0.5 SE (N = 120). The reconstructed history was used to evaluate the relationship between moose (Alces alces) number and browse trend. From 1976 to 2000, the winter trend census of moose increased from 7 to 56. The onset of intense browsing in 1985 occurred when 23 moose were counted.

  11. Exploring the Concept of Browsing from the Literature Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shan-Ju L. Chang

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Browsing as a concept and an activity appears to be a fundamental part of human information behavior, which takes place in diverse contexts in our daily life. At the theoretical level, research on browsing can extend and develop theories of human information behavior. Practically, there could be suggestions for better organization and representation of information and material displayed as well as for effective information seeking and retrieval. This thesis attempts to explore the browsing phenomenon as it appears in the library and information science literature and end-user computing literature. Topics included for discussion are the definitions of the browsing concept, potential consequences, topology and influential factors of browsing as being identified from the literature analysis.[Article content in Chinese

  12. RAPID INDUCTION OF MULTIPLE TAXONOMIES FOR ENHANCED FACETED TEXT BROWSING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawrence Muchemi 1

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present and compare two methodologies for rapidly inducing multiple subject-specific taxonomies from crawled data. The first method involves a sentence-level words co-occurrence frequency method for building the taxonomy, while the second involves the bootstrapping of a Word2Vec based algorithm with a directed crawler. We exploit the multilingual open-content directory of the World Wide Web, DMOZ1 to seed the crawl, and the domain name to direct the crawl. This domain corpus is then input to our algorithm that can automatically induce taxonomies. The induced taxonomies provide hierarchical semantic dimensions for the purposes of faceted browsing. As part of an ongoing personal semantics project, we applied the resulting taxonomies to personal social media data Twitter, Gmail, Facebook, Instagram, Flickr with an objective of enhancing an individual’s exploration of their personal information through faceted searching. We also perform a comprehensive corpus based evaluation of the algorithms based on many datasets drawn from the fields of medicine (diseases and leisure (hobbies and show that the induced taxonomies are of high quality.

  13. Visual Browsing of Earth and Environmental Science Topics to Enhance Data Discovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebich Hespanha, S.; Adams, B.; Schildhauer, M.

    2013-12-01

    As Earth and environmental scientists gather more and more data at faster and faster rates, archiving, managing and providing efficient access to those data have become important challenges. Data repository efforts have made progress with the difficult task of collecting and curating data for the purposes of preservation, sharing, and reuse. However, because of incomplete metadata or lack of standardization in the way these data are described and indexed, it often remains difficult for researchers to identify data sets of potential value from a rapidly growing corpus. Here we describe a method that couples text mining (topic modeling using Latent Dirichlet Allocation, or LDA) of repository metadata records with Self-Organizing Map (SOM) visualizations to enable potential data users to browse thematically across a number of data repositories. Visual thematic browsing capabilities help minimize the chances that someone searching for data will miss relevant data sets due to a mismatch between the user's query and terms that appear in the object's metadata. To augment the value of this visual, metadata-driven browsing approach, we also performed these text mining and visualization procedures on a corpus of over 121,000 abstracts from top Earth and environmental science journals. We then use the resulting broader and richer ';map' of Earth and environmental science drawn from these abstracts to better contextualize the repository metadata for visual browsing purposes. Finally, we demonstrate how visualization of this corpus of primary literature can serve as an entry point for discovery of ';dark' or ';long-tail' data that have not yet been made accessible through data repositories or other data-sharing means.

  14. SEARCHING FOR SUPREMACY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    When it comes to why people go online in China, it’s a tossup between news browsing and using search engines for most netizens. Almost 70 percent and 66 percent, respectively, according to statistics from the 17th China Internet Development Statistic Report released in January this year. In 2005, almost 98 million, making up

  15. Office 2010 Visual Quick Tips

    CERN Document Server

    Gunter, Sherry Kinkoph

    2010-01-01

    Get more done in Office 2010 in less time with these Quick Tips!. Whether you're new to Microsoft Office or updating from older versions, this is the perfect resource to get you quickly up to speed on Office 2010. Every application is covered, including Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook, and Publisher. Full-color screenshots and numbered steps clearly explain dozens of features and functions-while quick shortcuts, tips, and tricks help you save time and boost productivity. You'll also find great new ways to access and use some Office apps right from the Web.: Walks you through dozens of new fea

  16. Jekyll or Hyde? Better browse securely

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2013-01-01

    Surfing the web is like walking through London in 1886. Usually you meet nice Dr Jekyll, interact with him and everything is fine. But at other times, at night, you might encounter the malicious Mr Hyde. He just wants your money and your secrets, and wants to take advantage of you.   As in the novel by Stevenson, good and bad web pages can be very close together. Most web pages exist to provide information or a service. But one click away, one Google page down, there are malicious web pages that aim to steal your password, infect your computer, or lull you into disclosing personal information.    So remember: “STOP - THINK - CLICK!” should be the standard when browsing the Internet. If you are presented with a link that looks strange or contains gibberish (like http://211.268.156.277/.PayPal/cgi-bin/wbscrcmd_login.php), just ignore it! It is always better to type simple, comprehensible web addresses like “www.paypal.com” than...

  17. Does browsing reduce shrub survival and vigor following summer fires?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulbright, Timothy E.; Dacy, Emily C.; Drawe, D. Lynn

    2011-01-01

    Periodic fire is widely hypothesized to limit woody plant encroachment in semiarid grasslands. In southern Texas, however, most of the woody plants that have invaded grasslands during the past two centuries are resistant to fire. We hypothesized that browsing by Odocoileus virginianus increases mortality of palatable shrubs and reduces vigor of shrubs following fire. We randomly selected ten pairs of each of three shrub species -Condalia hookeri, Acacia farnesiana, and Celtis ehrenbergiana - in each of three locations before prescribed burns during summer 2001. Following burns, we used a wire fence to protect one shrub of each pair from browsing. We estimated intensity of O. virginianus browsing and number and height of sprouts 4, 12, 20, 30, 38, and 47 weeks post-fire. We determined shrub height, survival, and biomass one year post-fire. Averaged across species, browsing intensity on unfenced shrubs was greater (LS Means, P 0.05) one year post-burn. Browsing by O. virginianus at the intensity in our study does not increase mortality or reduce vigor of C. hookeri, A. farnesiana, and Condalia ehrenbergiana producing new growth following destruction of aboveground tissues by a single fire compared to shrubs that are not browsed following fire.

  18. Silvicultural Attempts to Induce Browse Resistance in Conifer Seedlings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce A. Kimball

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A multiyear study was conducted to determine if soil amendment combined with topical application of elemental sulfur could be employed to reduce deer browse damage to four conifer species. Fertilizer and sulfur were applied to conifer seedlings at seven sites near Corvallis, OR. Growth and browse damage data were collected for all seedlings over a period of 17 months. Additionally, foliar concentrations of monoterpenes and simple carbohydrates were assessed in western redcedar (Thuja plicata seedlings over a period of three years. Fertilization and sulfur treatments had a moderate impact on growth and no influence on browse damage or the chemical responses. Over the course of the study, browse damage diminished while foliar monoterpene concentrations increased in redcedar. It appears that silvicultural manipulation via sulfur application and/or soil amendment cannot accelerate or alter the ontogenetical changes that may naturally defend seedlings against mammalian herbivores. In a brief trial with captive deer, redcedar browse resistance was influenced by seedling maturation, but not monoterpene content. Other maturation effects may yield significant browse protection to young seedlings.

  19. Browsing and Visualization of Linked Environmental Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolaou, Charalampos; Kyzirakos, Kostis; Bereta, Konstantina; Dogani, Kallirroi; Koubarakis, Manolis

    2014-05-01

    Linked environmental data has started to appear on the Web as environmental researchers make use of technologies such as ontologies, RDF, and SPARQL. Many of these datasets have an important geospatial and temporal dimension. The same is true also for the Web of data that is being rapidly populated not only with geospatial information, but also with temporal information. As the real-world entities represented in linked geospatial datasets evolve over time, the datasets themselves get updated and both the spatial and the temporal dimension of data become significant for users. For example, in the Earth Observation and Environment domains, data is constantly produced by satellite sensors and is associated with metadata containing, among others, temporal attributes, such as the time that an image was acquired. In addition, the acquisitions are considered to be valid for specific periods of time, for example until they get updated by new acquisitions. Satellite acquisitions might be utilized in applications such as the CORINE Land Cover programme operated by the European Environment Agency that makes available as a cartographic product the land cover of European areas. Periodically CORINE publishes the changes in the land cover of these areas in the form of changesets. Tools for exploiting the abundance of geospatial information have also started to emerge. However, these tools are designed for browsing a single data source, while in addition they cannot represent the temporal dimension. This is for two reasons: a) the lack of an implementation of a data model and a query language with temporal features covering the various semantics associated with the representation of time (e.g., valid and user-defined), and b) the lack of a standard temporal extension of RDF that would allow practitioners to utilize when publishing RDF data. Recently, we presented the temporal features of the data model stRDF, the query language stSPARQL, and their implementation in the geospatial

  20. Browse evaluation of tall shrubs based on direct measurement of a management objective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keigley, R.B.; Frisina, M.R.; Kitchen, Stanley G.; Pendleton, Rosemary L.; Monaco, Thomas A.; Vernon, Jason

    2008-01-01

    The monitoring of Geyer willow was based on the following management objective: Browsing will prevent fewer than 50 percent of Geyer willow shrubs from growing taller than 3 m . Three questions were addressed: (1) Is browsing a potential factor? (2) If so, can young plants grow taller than 3 meters? (3) If not, is browsing the dominant factor? All shrubs were intensely browsed. With a post-browsing growth rate of 5.0 cm per yr, no shrub could grow 3 m tall. Analyses of stem growth rate excluded dominant roles for climate and plant vigor. Browsing and stem age were the dominant factors that limited growth to 3 m tall.

  1. Assessing browse trend at the landscape level Part 2: Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keigley, R.B.; Frisina, M.R.; Fager, C.W.

    2002-01-01

    In Part 1, we assessed browse trend across a wide geographic area of Mt. Haggin Wildlife Management Area by conducting surveys of browsing-related architectures. Those data were qualitative. Below we describe the periodic collection of quantitative data from permanently marked locations; we refer to this phase of the trend assessment program as "monitoring." Trend was monitored by three methods: 1 Repeat photography. 2 Comparison of the height of live stems with the height of stems killed by browsing (LD Index). 3 Net annual stem growth rate (NAGRL3). The photography provides an assessment of trend from the comparison of photographs taken at intervals of a few years. The LD Index and NAGRL3 measurements provide an immediate assessment of trend.

  2. Supporting the active learning of collaborative database browsing techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Sawyer

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available The proliferation of databases has led to a growing demand for skills in navigating and manipulating them. These skills are important not just in order to undertake study and research in Higher Education, but as an important transferable skill likely to be expected by industry and commerce of all graduates. We are developing a system that can more effectively support the browsing of library databases. In particular we are interested in developing an interface to support the process of collaborative browsing.

  3. Formation of click-wrap and browse-wrap contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Kamantauskas, Povilas

    2014-01-01

    In a time of rapid development of technologies, new forms of contracting online emerge. Two of these are analyzed in this thesis: click-wrap agreements (where an offer is accepted by way of clicking on an icon “I agree”) and browse-wrap agreements (where the offeree supposedly accepts the offer by browsing on a website, while the terms to the contract are accessible through an inconspicuous hyperlink). Click-wrap agreements are formed, they are accepted in a manner recognized as binding an...

  4. Assessing browse trend at the landscape level Part 1: Preliminary steps and field survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keigley, R.B.; Frisina, M.R.; Fager, C.W.

    2002-01-01

    Woody plants are an important component of rangeland habitat, providing food and shelter for animals that range in size from moose to warblers to insects. Because of this importance, land managers are paying increased attention to browse trends. In this two-part article, we describe how browse trend is assessed at the Mt. Haggin Wildlife Management Area in southwestern Montana. Willows are currently heavily browsed, but there is evidence that browsing pressure was lower in the past. Heavily-browsed 14-inch-tall plants grow in close proximity to 16-foot-tall plants, the tallest stems of which are unbrowsed. The 16-foot-tall stems are older than the 14-inch-tall stems, and apparently grew through the browse zone when browsing pressure was lower than its current level. An increase in browsing pressure would be consistent with the increase in the moose population that occurred over the past 3 decades.

  5. The Costs of Web Advertisements while Mobile Browsing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brande, van den Jeffrey; Pras, Aiko

    2012-01-01

    Tablet PCs, iPads and mobile phones all include facilities to browse the mobile Internet. The costs of mobile Internet access may become extraordinary, however, when the data limit is exceeded or when the user is roaming abroad without a roaming data plan. Since users may see advertisements as unwan

  6. Sliders Versus Storyboards - Investigating Interaction Design for Mobile Video Browsing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hürst, Wolfgang; Hoet, Miklas

    2015-01-01

    We present a comparative study of two different interfaces for mobile video browsing on tablet devices following two basic concepts - storyboard designs representing a video’s content in a grid-like arrangement of static images extracted from the file, and slider interfaces enabling users to interac

  7. A Storyboard-Based Interface for Mobile Video Browsing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hürst, Wolfgang; Hoet, Miklas; van de Werken, Rob

    2015-01-01

    We present an interface design for video browsing on mobile devices such as tablets that is based on storyboards and optimized with respect to content visualization and interaction design. In particular, we consider scientific results from our previous studies on mobile visualization (e.g., about op

  8. Efficient One-click Browsing of Large Trajectory Sets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Benjamin Bjerre; Andersen, Ove; Lewis-Kelham, Edwin;

    2014-01-01

    presents a novel query type called sheaf, where users can browse trajectory data sets using a single mouse click. Sheaves are very versatile and can be used for location-based advertising, travel-time analysis, intersection analysis, and reachability analysis (isochrones). A novel in-memory trajectory...

  9. Browsing through rapid-fire imaging: requirements and industry initiatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wittenburg, Kent; Chiyoda, Carlos; Heinrichs, Michael; Lanning, Tom

    1999-12-01

    It is well established that humans possess cognitive abilities to process images extremely rapidly. At GTE Laboratories we have been experimenting with Web-based browsing interfaces that take advantage of this human facility. We have prototyped a number of browsing applications in different domains that offer the advantages of high interactivity and visual engagement. Our hypothesis, confirmed by user evaluations and a pilot experiment, is that many users will be drawn to interfaces that provide rapid presentation of images for browsing tasks in many contexts, among them online shopping, multimedia title selection, and people directories. In this paper we present our application prototypes using a system called PolyNav and discuss the imaging requirements for applications like these. We also raise the suggestion that if the Web industry at large standardized on an XML for meta-content that included images, then the possibility exist that rapid-fire image browsing could become a standard part of the Web experience for content selection in a variety of domains.

  10. A Web Browsing Tool for a Shared Computer Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodnar, George H.

    2007-01-01

    This paper provides a Microsoft .NET framework application that makes browsing the Internet in a shared computer environment convenient and secure. One simply opens the program, then points and clicks to both open Internet Explorer and have it move directly to the selected address. Addresses do not need to be manually entered or copied and pasted…

  11. IOOS Data Portals and Uniform On-line Browse Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, M.; Currier, R. D.; Kobara, S.; Gayanilo, F.

    2015-12-01

    The Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System Regional Association (GCOOS-RA) is one of eleven Regional Associations organized under the NOAA-led U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) Program Office. Each of the RAs operate standards-based regional data portals designed to aggregate near real-time and historical observed data and modeled outputs from distributed providers and to offer these and derived products in standardized ways to a diverse set of users. The RA's portals are based on the IOOS Data and Communications Plan which describes the functional elements needed for an interoperable system. One of these elements is called "Uniform On-line Browse" which is an informational service designed primarily to visualize the inventory of a portal. An on-line browse service supports the end user's need to discover what parameters are available, to learn the spatial and temporal extend of the holdings, and to examine the character of the data (e.g, variability, gappiness, etc). These pieces of information help the end user decide if the data are fit for his/her purpose and to construct valid data requests. Note that on-line browse is a distinctly different activity than data analysis because it seeks to yield knowledge about the inventory and not about what the data mean. "Uniform" on-line browse is a service that takes advantage of the standardization of the data portal's data access points. Most portals represent station locations on a map. This is a view of the data inventory but these plots are rarely generated by pulling data through the standards-based services offered to the end users but through methods only available to the portal programmers. This work will present results of Uniform On-line browse tools developed within GCOOS-RA and their applicability to other RA portals.

  12. Search features of digital libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alastair G. Smith

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Traditional on-line search services such as Dialog, DataStar and Lexis provide a wide range of search features (boolean and proximity operators, truncation, etc. This paper discusses the use of these features for effective searching, and argues that these features are required, regardless of advances in search engine technology. The literature on on-line searching is reviewed, identifying features that searchers find desirable for effective searching. A selective survey of current digital libraries available on the Web was undertaken, identifying which search features are present. The survey indicates that current digital libraries do not implement a wide range of search features. For instance: under half of the examples included controlled vocabulary, under half had proximity searching, only one enabled browsing of term indexes, and none of the digital libraries enable searchers to refine an initial search. Suggestions are made for enhancing the search effectiveness of digital libraries, for instance by: providing a full range of search operators, enabling browsing of search terms, enhancement of records with controlled vocabulary, enabling the refining of initial searches, etc.

  13. Sandhill cranes browse for food near VAB

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    A family of sandhill cranes searches for food on the grounds near the Vehicle Assembly Building. The cranes have been a constant sight in the Launch Complex 39 area during the month of May. Sandhill cranes range from Siberia, Alaska and Arctic islands to Michigan, Minnesota and California; from Florida to Texas. They prefer large freshwater marshes, prairie ponds and marshy tundra. KSC shares a boundary with the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge, which encompasses 92,000 acres that are a habitat for more than 331 species of birds, 31 mammals, 117 fishes, and 65 amphibians and reptiles. The marshes and open water of the refuge provide wintering areas for 23 species of migratory waterfowl, as well as a year-round home for great blue herons, great egrets, wood storks, cormorants, brown pelicans and other species of marsh and shore birds, as well as a variety of insects.

  14. Quickly making the correct choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brenner, Eli; Smeets, Jeroen B J

    2015-08-01

    In daily life, unconscious choices guide many of our on-going actions. Such choices need to be made quickly, because the options change as the action progresses. We confirmed that people make reasonable choices when they have to quickly decide between two alternatives, and studied the basis of such decisions. The task was to tap with their finger on as many targets as possible within 2 min. A new target appeared after every tap, sometimes accompanied by a second target that was easier to hit. When there was only one target, subjects had to find the right balance between speed and accuracy. When there were two targets, they also had to choose between them. We examined to what extent subjects switched to the target that was easier to hit when it appeared some time after the original one. Subjects generally switched to the easier target whenever doing so would help them hit more targets within the 2-min session. This was so, irrespective of whether the different delays were presented in separate sessions or were interleaved within one session. Whether or not they switched did not depend on how successful they were at hitting the targets on earlier attempts, but it did depend on the position of the finger at the moment that the easy target appeared. We conclude that people have continuous access to reasonable estimates of how long various movement options would take and of how precise the endpoints are likely to be, given the instantaneous circumstances. PMID:25913027

  15. QuickTox™ Kit for QuickScan Aflatoxin FREE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polakowski, Sergiusz; Roberts, Russell W; Tanguay, Keith; Bailey, Cheryl; Davis, Alan H; Gow, Brendan

    2015-01-01

    The QuickTox Kit for QuickScan Aflatoxin FREE uses competitive lateral flow technology and a reader based system for quantitative determination of total aflatoxins in varied matrixes. Aqueous based extraction protocols are used for corn and wheat, reducing use of solvents. Fifty percent ethanol (Reagent Alcohol) extraction is used for oats, sorghum, and barley. Eighty percent ethanol (Reagent Alcohol) extraction is used for whole peanut, peanut seed, and peanut hull samples. Matrix specific assay procedures and calibration curves are used to enable analyses across multiple sample types. The performance of this assay was examined using naturally contaminated aflatoxin corn samples and spiked samples of barley, oats, sorghum, wheat, whole peanut, peanut seed, and peanut hull samples. All data were judged against previously established acceptance criteria. Performance was evaluated in linearity, selectivity, matrix, lot consistency, and robustness experiments in the sponsor's laboratory. Results produced in all studies except robustness were within acceptable ranges. Out of range robustness study results reflected simultaneous deviation in sample volume and assay development time compared to the standard assay procedures. Aflatoxin B1, B2, and G1 were detected with approximately equal sensitivity; sensitivity for G2 was 64% that of B1. The presence of other common mycotoxins did not interfere with the assay. Matrix studies in an independent laboratory examined corn and barley to challenge both aqueous and ethanol based extraction procedures. All data points in these studies fell within the ranges defined in the acceptance criteria. The assay exhibited a linear dose response over the range tested, 0-100 ppb, with R(2) values exceeding 0.93 and RSDr values for results ranging from 2.27 to 23.84%. PMID:26651570

  16. A Web-Based System for Remote Data Browsing in HT-7 Tokamak

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng Ting; Luo Jiarong; Meng Yuedong; Wang Huazhong

    2005-01-01

    HT-7 is the first superconducting tokamak device for fusion research in China. Many experiments have been performed on the HT-7 tokamak since 1994 with numerous satisfactory results achieved in the fusion research field. As more and better communication is required with other fusion research laboratories, remote access to experimental data is becoming increasingly important in order to raise the degree of openness of experiments and to expand research results.The web-based remote data browsing system enables authorized users in geographically different locations to view and search for experimental data without having to install any utility software at their terminals. The three-tier software architecture and thin client technology are used to operate the system effectively. This paper describes the structure of the system and the realization of its functions, focusing on three main points: the communication between the participating tiers, the data structure of the system and the visualization of the raw data on web pages.

  17. A Video Browsing Tool for Content Management in Postproduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Werner Bailer

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose an interactive video browsing tool for supporting content management and selection in postproduction. The approach is based on a process model for multimedia content abstraction. A software framework based on this process model and desktop and Web-based client applications are presented. For evaluation, we apply two TRECVID style fact finding approaches (retrieval and question answering tasks and a user survey to the evaluation of the video browsing tool. We analyze the correlation between the results of the different methods, whether different aspects can be evaluated independently with the survey, and if a learning effect can be measured with the different methods, and we also compare the full-featured desktop and the limited Web-based user interface. The results show that the retrieval task correlates better with the user experience according to the survey. The survey rather measures the general user experience while different aspects of the usability cannot be analyzed independently.

  18. Quick Spacecraft Thermal Analysis Tool Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — For spacecraft design and development teams concerned with cost and schedule, the Quick Spacecraft Thermal Analysis Tool (QuickSTAT) is an innovative software suite...

  19. User centred evaluation of a recommendation based image browsing system

    OpenAIRE

    Leelanupab, T.; Hopfgartner, F.; Jose, J.M.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce a novel approach to recommend images by mining user interactions based on implicit feedback of user browsing. The underlying hypothesis is that the interaction implicitly indicates the interests of the users for meeting practical image retrieval tasks. The algorithm mines interaction data and also low-level content of the clicked images to choose diverse images by clustering heterogeneous features. A user-centred, task-oriented, comparative evaluation was undertake...

  20. Voice-controlled Internet Browsing for Motor-handicapped Users

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøndsted, Tom; Aaskoven, Erik

    2006-01-01

    with an advisory board of motor-handicapped (potential) end-users and underlies a number of a priori defined design criteria: learnability and memorability rather than naturalness, minimal need for maintenance after release, support for "all" web standards (not just HTML conforming to certain "recommendations......"), independency of the language on the websites being browsed, etc. These criteria have lead to a primarily message-driven system interacting with an existing browser on the end users' systems...

  1. Pattern recognition methods for querying and browsing technical documentation

    OpenAIRE

    Tombre, Karl; Lamiroy, Bart

    2008-01-01

    International audience Graphics recognition deals with the specific pattern recognition problems found in graphics-rich documents, typical technical documentation of all kinds. In this paper, we propose a short journey through 20 years of involvement and contributions within this scientific community, and explore more precisely a few interesting issues found when the problem is to browse, query and navigate in a large and complex set of technical documents.

  2. Maximally Parallel Multiset-Rewriting Systems: Browsing the Configurations

    OpenAIRE

    Alhazov, Artiom; Research Group on Natural Computing (Universidad de Sevilla) (Coordinador)

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this research is to produce an algorithm for the software that would let a researcher to observe the evolution of maximally parallel multiset-rewriting systems with permitting and forbidding contexts, browsing the configuration space by following transitions like following hyperlinks in the World-Wide Web. The relationships of maximally parallel multiset-rewriting systems with other rewriting systems are investigated, such as Petri nets, different kinds of P systems, Li...

  3. Seeds, browse, and tooth wear: a sheep perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramdarshan, Anusha; Blondel, Cécile; Brunetière, Noël; Francisco, Arthur; Gautier, Denis; Surault, Jérôme; Merceron, Gildas

    2016-08-01

    While grazing as a selective factor towards hypsodont dentition on mammals has gained a lot of attention, the importance of fruits and seeds as fallback resources for many browsing ungulates has caught much less attention. Controlled-food experiments, by reducing the dietary range, allow for a direct quantification of the effect of each type of items separately on enamel abrasion. We present the results of a dental microwear texture analysis on 40 ewes clustered into four different controlled diets: clover alone, and then three diets composed of clover together with either barley, corn, or chestnuts. Among the seed-eating groups, only the barley one shows higher complexity than the seed-free group. Canonical discriminant analysis is successful at correctly classifying the majority of clover- and seed-fed ewes. Although this study focuses on diets which all fall within a single dietary category (browse), the groups show variations in dental microwear textures in relation with the presence and the type of seeds. More than a matter of seed size and hardness, a high amount of kernels ingested per day is found to be correlated with high complexity on enamel molar facets. This highlights the high variability of the physical properties of the foods falling under the browsing umbrella. PMID:27547337

  4. Herbivory in a Mediterranean forest: browsing impact and plant compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Focardi, Stefano; Tinelli, Aleandro

    2005-11-01

    The compensatory response of plants to defoliation is likely to have important effects on plant-ungulate equilibria in forested ecosystems. We investigated the responses of six species of Mediterranean bushes to defoliation by wild ungulates, comparing an index of browsing impact with the productivity of plants in both open and exclusion plots. The data revealed a great diversity of plant responses to herbivory: Rubus ulmifolius was able to over-compensate and replace the lost tissues. Phillyrea latifolia exhibited a similar, albeit less evident, pattern, while Cistus salvifolius was severely damaged by browsing. Other species, such as Quercus ilex, Juncus acutus and Erica arborea, were not attacked to a large extent and suffered little or no harm. The results strongly suggest that Mediterranean ecosystems may tolerate large stocking rates of ungulates. However, the reduction of plant biomass due to browsing was very different in the six studied species, suggesting that when herbivory becomes severe the structure of the ecosystem will change with the more tolerant plants becoming more abundant. We can apply these results to improve management and conservation of relict coastal forests in the Mediterranean basin which are usually of small size and where decision-makers have to compromise between the conservation of plants and that of large mammals.

  5. Colour appearance descriptors for image browsing and retrieval

    Science.gov (United States)

    Othman, Aniza; Martinez, Kirk

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we focus on the development of whole-scene colour appearance descriptors for classification to be used in browsing applications. The descriptors can classify a whole-scene image into various categories of semantically-based colour appearance. Colour appearance is an important feature and has been extensively used in image-analysis, retrieval and classification. By using pre-existing global CIELAB colour histograms, firstly, we try to develop metrics for whole-scene colour appearance: "colour strength", "high/low lightness" and "multicoloured". Secondly we propose methods using these metrics either alone or combined to classify whole-scene images into five categories of appearance: strong, pastel, dark, pale and multicoloured. Experiments show positive results and that the global colour histogram is actually useful and can be used for whole-scene colour appearance classification. We have also conducted a small-scale human evaluation test on whole-scene colour appearance. The results show, with suitable threshold settings, the proposed methods can describe the whole-scene colour appearance of images close to human classification. The descriptors were tested on thousands of images from various scenes: paintings, natural scenes, objects, photographs and documents. The colour appearance classifications are being integrated into an image browsing system which allows them to also be used to refine browsing.

  6. Supporting complex search tasks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gäde, Maria; Hall, Mark; Huurdeman, Hugo;

    2015-01-01

    There is broad consensus in the field of IR that search is complex in many use cases and applications, both on the Web and in domain specific collections, and both professionally and in our daily life. Yet our understanding of complex search tasks, in comparison to simple look up tasks......, is fragmented at best. The workshop addressed the many open research questions: What are the obvious use cases and applications of complex search? What are essential features of work tasks and search tasks to take into account? And how do these evolve over time? With a multitude of information, varying from...... introductory to specialized, and from authoritative to speculative or opinionated, when to show what sources of information? How does the information seeking process evolve and what are relevant differences between different stages? With complex task and search process management, blending searching, browsing...

  7. ChemXSeer Digital Library Gaussian Search

    CERN Document Server

    Lahiri, Shibamouli; Nangia, Shikha; Mitra, Prasenjit; Giles, C Lee; Mueller, Karl T

    2011-01-01

    We report on the Gaussian file search system designed as part of the ChemXSeer digital library. Gaussian files are produced by the Gaussian software [4], a software package used for calculating molecular electronic structure and properties. The output files are semi-structured, allowing relatively easy access to the Gaussian attributes and metadata. Our system is currently capable of searching Gaussian documents using a boolean combination of atoms (chemical elements) and attributes. We have also implemented a faceted browsing feature on three important Gaussian attribute types - Basis Set, Job Type and Method Used. The faceted browsing feature enables a user to view and process a smaller, filtered subset of documents.

  8. Enhancing Web Search with Semantic Identification of User Preferences

    OpenAIRE

    Naglaa Fathy; Nagwa Badr; Mohamed Hashem; Tarek F. Gharib

    2011-01-01

    Personalized web search is able to satisfy individuals information needs by modeling long-term and short-term user interests based on user actions, browsed documents or past queries and incorporate these in the search process. In this paper, we propose a personalized search approach which models the user search preferences in an ontological user profile and semantically compares this model against user current query context to re-rank search results. Our user profile is based on the predefine...

  9. ADF/ADC Web Tools for Browsing and Visualizing Astronomical Catalogs and NASA Astrophysics Mission Metadata

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaya, E.; Kargatis, V.; Blackwell, J.; Borne, K.; White, R. A.; Cheung, C.

    1998-05-01

    Several new web based services have been introduced this year by the Astrophysics Data Facility (ADF) at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. IMPReSS is a graphical interface to astrophysics databases that presents the user with the footprints of observations of space-based missions. It also aids astronomers in retrieving these data by sending requests to distributed data archives. The VIEWER is a reader of ADC astronomical catalogs and journal tables that allows subsetting of catalogs by column choices and range selection and provides database-like search capability within each table. With it, the user can easily find the table data most appropriate for their purposes and then download either the subset table or the original table. CATSEYE is a tool that plots output tables from the VIEWER (and soon AMASE), making exploring the datasets fast and easy. Having completed the basic functionality of these systems, we are enhancing the site to provide advanced functionality. These will include: market basket storage of tables and records of VIEWER output for IMPReSS and AstroBrowse queries, non-HTML table responses to AstroBrowse type queries, general column arithmetic, modularity to allow entrance into the sequence of web pages at any point, histogram plots, navigable maps, and overplotting of catalog objects on mission footprint maps. When completed, the ADF/ADC web facilities will provide astronomical tabled data and mission retrieval information in several hyperlinked environments geared for users at any level, from the school student to the typical astronomer to the expert datamining tools at state-of-the-art data centers.

  10. Children searching information on the Internet: Performance on children's interfaces compared to Google

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jochmann-Mannak, Hanna; Huibers, Theo; Lentz, Leo; Sanders, Ted; Serdyukov, Pavel; Hiemstra, Djoerd; Ruthven, Ian

    2010-01-01

    Children frequently make use of the Internet to search for information. However, research shows that children experience many problems with searching and browsing the web. The last decade numerous search environments have been developed, especially for children. Do these search interfaces support ch

  11. Towards structured representation of academic search results

    OpenAIRE

    Mirylenka, Daniil

    2015-01-01

    Searching for scientific publications is a tedious task, especially when exploring an unfamiliar domain. Typical scholarly search engines produce lengthy unstructured result lists, which are difficult to comprehend, interpret and browse.An informative visual summary could convey useful information about the returned results as a whole, without the need to sift through individual publications.The first contribution of this thesis is a novel method of representing academic search results wit...

  12. Quick clay and landslides of clayey soils

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Khaldoun; P. Moller; A. Fall; G. Wegdam; B. de Leeuw; Y. Méheust; J.O. Fossum; D. Bonn

    2009-01-01

    We study the rheology of quick clay, an unstable soil responsible for many landslides. We show that above a critical stress the material starts flowing abruptly with a very large viscosity decrease caused by the flow. This leads to avalanche behavior that accounts for the instability of quick clay s

  13. Self-learning search engines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Schuth

    2015-01-01

    How does a search engine such as Google know which search results to display? There are many competing algorithms that generate search results, but which one works best? We developed a new probabilistic method for quickly comparing large numbers of search algorithms by examining the results users cl

  14. Quick Service Restaurant Trends: How are global quick service restaurant trends changing the Icelandic quick service restaurant industry?

    OpenAIRE

    Sigurjón Arnórsson 1987

    2013-01-01

    It is relevant for quick service restaurant operations to have a clear understanding of their industries leading market trends. New brands are constantly entering the market with new concepts and trends. Most of these quick service restaurant trends originate from the US and then spread throughout the world’s leading brands. Iceland´s quick service restaurant industry was fairly undeveloped until an industry surge in the 1980´s. During this time, Iceland’s restaurant scene has been greatl...

  15. Knowledge-based image data management - An expert front-end for the BROWSE facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoms, David M.; Star, Jeffrey L.; Estes, John E.

    1988-01-01

    An intelligent user interface being added to the NASA-sponsored BROWSE testbed facility is described. BROWSE is a prototype system designed to explore issues involved in locating image data in distributed archives and displaying low-resolution versions of that imagery at a local terminal. For prototyping, the initial application is the remote sensing of forest and range land.

  16. Semantic Web Search based on Ontology Modeling using Protege Reasoner

    OpenAIRE

    Shekhar, Monica; K, Saravanaguru RA.

    2013-01-01

    The Semantic Web works on the existing Web which presents the meaning of information as well-defined vocabularies understood by the people. Semantic Search, at the same time, works on improving the accuracy if a search by understanding the intent of the search and providing contextually relevant results. This paper describes a semantic approach toward web search through a PHP application. The goal was to parse through a user's browsing history and return semantically relevant web pages for th...

  17. Eland browsing of Grewia occidentalis in semi-arid shrubland: the influence of bush clumps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.H. Watson

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Grewia occidentalis plants in the study area generally occurred in bush clumps with other shrub species. Grewia occidentalis commonly occurred with Diospyros austro-africana, Rhus longispina and Rhus pollens (nurse shrubs, but seldom with Acacia kar-roo and Lycium cinereum (non-nurse shrubs. Eland browsed G. occidentalis plants at higher levels than other shrub species, but browsing was not evenly spread across all plants. Grewia occidentalis plants associated with nurse shrubs had lower levels of browsing than those growing alone and those growing with non-nurse shrubs, while G. occidentalis plants in the centre of nurse shrubs experienced the lowest levels of browsing. The latter group of plants also produced the most fruit. Eland browsing is consid-ered an important factor determining the distribution of G. occidentalis plants in the study area, while the presence of nurse shrubs is considered essential for the establishment and maintenance of the G. occidentalis population in the study area.

  18. Tolerance of an expanding subarctic shrub, Betula glandulosa, to simulated caribou browsing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilie Champagne

    Full Text Available Densification of the shrub layer has been reported in many subarctic regions, raising questions about the implication for large herbivores and their resources. Shrubs can tolerate browsing and their level of tolerance could be affected by browsing and soils productivity, eventually modifying resource availability for the caribou. Our objective was to assess the compensatory growth potential of a subarctic shrub, Betula glandulosa Michx., in relation with caribou browsing and nutriment availability for the plants. We used a simulated browsing (0, 25 and 75% of available shoots and nitrogen-fertilisation (0 and 10 g m(-2 experiment to test two main hypotheses linking tolerance to resource availability, the Compensatory Continuum Hypothesis and the Growth Rate Hypothesis as well as the predictions from the Limiting Resource Model. We seek to explicitly integrate the relative browsing pressure in our predictions since the amount of tissues removed could affect the capacity of long-lived plants to compensate. Birches fully compensated for moderate browsing with an overall leaf biomass similar to unbrowsed birches but undercompensated under heavy browsing pressure. The main mechanism explaining compensation appears to be the conversion of short shoots into long shoots. The leaf area increased under heavy browsing pressure but only led to undercompensation. Fertilisation for two consecutive years did not influence the response of birch, thus we conclude that our results support the LRM hypothesis of equal tolerance under both high and low nitrogen availability. Our results highlight that the potential for compensatory growth in dwarf birch is surpassed under heavy browsing pressure independently of the fertilisation regime. In the context of the worldwide decline in caribou herds, the reduction in browsing pressure could act synergistically with global climate change to promote the current shrub expansion reported in subarctic regions.

  19. Open access to sequence: Browsing the Pichia pastoris genome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graf Alexandra

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The first genome sequences of the important yeast protein production host Pichia pastoris have been released into the public domain this spring. In order to provide the scientific community easy and versatile access to the sequence, two web-sites have been installed as a resource for genomic sequence, gene and protein information for P. pastoris: A GBrowse based genome browser was set up at http://www.pichiagenome.org and a genome portal with gene annotation and browsing functionality at http://bioinformatics.psb.ugent.be/webtools/bogas. Both websites are offering information on gene annotation and function, regulation and structure. In addition, a WiKi based platform allows all users to create additional information on genes, proteins, physiology and other items of P. pastoris research, so that the Pichia community can benefit from exchange of knowledge, data and materials.

  20. Analysis of Users Web Browsing Behavior Using Markov chain Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diwakar Shukla

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In present days of growing information technology, many browsers available for surfing and web mining. A user has option to use any of them at a time to mine out the desired website. Every browser has pre-defined level of popularity and reputation in the market. This paper considers the setup of only two browsers in a computer system and a user prefers to any one, if fails, switches to the other one .The behavior of user is modeled through Markov chain procedure and transition probabilities are calculated. The quitting to browsing is treated as a parameter of variation over the popularity. Graphical study is performed to explain the inter relationship between user behavior parameters and browser market popularity parameters. If rate of a company is lowest in terms of browser failure and lowest in terms of quitting probability then company enjoys better popularity and larger user proportion

  1. Take This Quick Quiz: Alcohol and Medications

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... turn JavaScript on. Feature: Alcohol-Medicine Interactions Take this Quick Quiz: Alcohol and Medications Summer 2016 Table ... medicines can intensify these effects. In older adults, this can lead to balance problems and falls, which ...

  2. Clean Air Markets - Quick Facts and Trends

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Quick Facts and Trends module is part of a suite of Clean Air Markets-related tools that are accessible at http://camddataandmaps.epa.gov/gdm/index.cfm. The...

  3. Metropolitan food supply : case study Cairo : a quick scan study to enhance fresh food supply and minimize postharvest losses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broek, van den W.H.A.M.; Boerrigter, H.A.M.

    2014-01-01

    To investigate options for “Metropolitan food production systems” in Egypt and specifically in the Cairo region, a ‘cold chain quick scan’ is conducted by Wageningen UR post-harvest specialists. The study comprehends a quick scan for market demand, market willingness and a search for trend developme

  4. Essential fatty acid profiles differ across diets and browse of black rhinoceros.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Jacqualine B; Brown, Dan L; Dierenfeld, Ellen S

    2002-01-01

    In captivity, black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) suffer from idiopathic skin lesions that may be linked to dietary deficiencies, in particular essential fatty acid deficiency (EFAD). Therefore, a study was undertaken from July 1995 to May 1997 to characterize the diet of captive D. bicornis in North American zoos and measure fat and fatty acid composition in zoo diet, and African and North American browses. Descriptions of all dietary items offered to black rhinos on a daily basis were compiled from 20 North American zoos; zoo diet contained (mean +/- SE) 61 +/- 2% hay, 28 +/- 2% grain pellets, 6 +/- 1% produce, and 5 +/- 1% fresh browse, with hay and grain pellets together comprising nearly 90% of items offered. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis (GC-MS) was used to measure triacylglycerol equivalent (TAG), total fatty acids (TFA), and essential fatty acids (EFA) in zoo diet, and African and North American browses. North American browse contained more TAG and TFA than did zoo diet or African browse. Zoo diet contained more linoleic acid (18:2n6) and less linolenic acid (18:3n3) than either African browse corrected for degradation losses or North American browse, whether measured as weight percentage of dry sample or as weight percentage of TFA. In addition, the ratio of 18:2n6 to 18:3n3 was significantly lower in both browses than in zoo diet. There are significant nutritional differences between the major dietary components of North American captive black rhinoceros diets and native African browses that warrant further exploration given the health problems associated with this animal in captivity. PMID:11838204

  5. Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS) - Rapidly Serving NASA Imagery for Applications and Science Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmaltz, J. E.; Ilavajhala, S.; Plesea, L.; Hall, J. R.; Boller, R. A.; Chang, G.; Sadaqathullah, S.; Kim, R.; Murphy, K. J.; Thompson, C. K.

    2012-12-01

    KML pyramid. This variety of access methods allows stakeholders to develop visualization/browse clients for a diverse variety of specific audiences. Currently, EOSDIS is providing an OpenLayers web client, Worldview (http://earthdata.nasa.gov/worldview), as an interface to GIBS. A variety of other existing clients can also be developed using such tools as Google Earth, Google Earth browser Plugin, ESRI's Adobe Flash/Flex Client Library, NASA World Wind, Perceptive Pixel Client, Esri's iOS Client Library, and OpenLayers for Mobile. The imagery browse capabilities from GIBS can be combined with other EOSDIS services (i.e. ECHO OpenSearch) via a client that ties them both together to provide an interface that enables data download from the onscreen imagery. Future plans for GIBS include providing imagery based on science quality data from the entire data record of these EOS instruments.

  6. Browsing the fusion data in a Google map way

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text of publication follows. How to access the ITER data is still an open issue. Concepts from KSTAR(1), W7X(2), EAST(3), and DIIID(4) have been presented. In this paper, a new web application to browse the fusion data in a Google map way is demonstrated on HL-2A database. This dynamic and interactive web application can run in any popular browser(IE, safari, Firefox, Opera), by any hardware (smart phone, PC, ipad, Mac) and operating system (ios, android, windows, linux, Mac OS). No any plug-ins is needed. The details of the framework for this web application are presented. The framework consists of three layers. The front top client layer is developed by Jquery code. The middle layer, which plays a role of a bridge to connect the server and client is developed by PHP code. The behind server layer is developed by Matlab, which responses any command from the front top client, retrieves the data from the HL-2A database, analyses and processes the data, and finally, returns the data to the client in client's favorite way. The way to browse and retrieve the fusion data is well welcomed by many researchers who access fusion data from many other machines. This way may apply to other machines, and present useful idea to the way for accessing ITER data in the future. References: 1) Kim, E.N., Web-based (HTML5) Interactive Graphics for Fusion Research and Collaboration, O4-2, 8. IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research. June 20-24,2011, San Francisco, CA; 2)Davis, W.M., Easy Web Interfaces to IDL Code for NSTX Data Analysis Progress on Standardization and Automation in Software Development on W7X, P2-1. 8. IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research. June 20-24,2011, San Francisco, CA; 3) Yang, F., A Web Based MDSPLUS Data Analysis and Visualization System for EAST, P2-16. 8th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for

  7. Codici QR (Quick Response in biblioteca Quick Response Code in Library Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Gambari

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Through the help of many examples, the author analyzes the uses of the Quick Response (QR Code in libraries. QR is a bidimensional code composed by black and white pixels into a squared matrix, containing information to be enjoyed with the help of smartphones or similar devices. Scanning the code, which is usually printed on newspapers, posters, or captions, and processing it with ad-hoc software, users can obtain additional information and data on objects or services without extra searches.Considering the widespread circulation of mobile devices (such as smartphones among users, many libraries are experimenting the usage of the QR to deliver library services in a friendly and quick way. The Half Hollow Hills Community Library (New York, the Abilene Christian University (Texas, and the San Diego State University Library are using the QR code to give their users access to guides, manuals, library map, audio and video files. The University of Huddersfield Library (United Kingdom applies the QR code to various areas: links to electronic resources, explanatory videos, phone numbers, and as a support of the library's OPAC.The University of Bath Library's online catalogue automatically incorporates into catalographic records, both of monographs and journals, QR codes encoding author, title, and call number. However, the widespread use of QR codes is due to the fact that users own a smartphone, and that many OPACs are made to be explored and navigated with such kind of devices.Attraverso numerosi esempi, si analizzano gli usi finora sperimentati nelle biblioteche dei codici Quick Response (QR. Il QR è un codice a due dimensioni, formato da ‘pixel' neri e bianchi che si dispongono all'interno di una matrice di forma quadrata, contenente informazioni destinate a essere lette da uno smartphone o da altri dispositivi portatili. Scannerizzando questo codice (stampato su manifesti, quotidiani o didascalie, ed elaborandolo attraverso appositi software, si

  8. 2009 report: A multi-refuge program to evaluate the effect of ungulate browsing on habitat

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report describes the evaluation of ungulate browsing at six wildlife refuges in FWS Region 6 in 2009. The aim of evaluation was to determine if ungulate...

  9. A Skyline Plugin for Pathway-Centric Data Browsing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degan, Michael G.; Ryadinskiy, Lillian; Fujimoto, Grant M.; Wilkins, Christopher S.; Lichti, Cheryl F.; Payne, Samuel H.

    2016-08-01

    For targeted proteomics to be broadly adopted in biological laboratories as a routine experimental protocol, wet-bench biologists must be able to approach selected reaction monitoring (SRM) and parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) assay design in the same way they approach biological experimental design. Most often, biological hypotheses are envisioned in a set of protein interactions, networks, and pathways. We present a plugin for the popular Skyline tool that presents public mass spectrometry data in a pathway-centric view to assist users in browsing available data and determining how to design quantitative experiments. Selected proteins and their underlying mass spectra are imported to Skyline for further assay design (transition selection). The same plugin can be used for hypothesis-driven data-independent acquisition (DIA) data analysis, again utilizing the pathway view to help narrow down the set of proteins that will be investigated. The plugin is backed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Biodiversity Library, a corpus of 3 million peptides from >100 organisms, and the draft human proteome. Users can upload personal data to the plugin to use the pathway navigation prior to importing their own data into Skyline.

  10. A Skyline Plugin for Pathway-Centric Data Browsing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degan, Michael G.; Ryadinskiy, Lillian; Fujimoto, Grant M.; Wilkins, Christopher S.; Lichti, Cheryl F.; Payne, Samuel H.

    2016-11-01

    For targeted proteomics to be broadly adopted in biological laboratories as a routine experimental protocol, wet-bench biologists must be able to approach selected reaction monitoring (SRM) and parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) assay design in the same way they approach biological experimental design. Most often, biological hypotheses are envisioned in a set of protein interactions, networks, and pathways. We present a plugin for the popular Skyline tool that presents public mass spectrometry data in a pathway-centric view to assist users in browsing available data and determining how to design quantitative experiments. Selected proteins and their underlying mass spectra are imported to Skyline for further assay design (transition selection). The same plugin can be used for hypothesis-driven data-independent acquisition (DIA) data analysis, again utilizing the pathway view to help narrow down the set of proteins that will be investigated. The plugin is backed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Biodiversity Library, a corpus of 3 million peptides from >100 organisms, and the draft human proteome. Users can upload personal data to the plugin to use the pathway navigation prior to importing their own data into Skyline.

  11. DNA sequence chromatogram browsing using JAVA and CORBA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsons, J D; Buehler, E; Hillier, L

    1999-03-01

    DNA sequence chromatograms (traces) are the primary data source for all large-scale genomic and expressed sequence tags (ESTs) sequencing projects. Access to the sequencing trace assists many later analyses, for example contig assembly and polymorphism detection, but obtaining and using traces is problematic. Traces are not collected and published centrally, they are much larger than the base calls derived from them, and viewing them requires the interactivity of a local graphical client with local data. To provide efficient global access to DNA traces, we developed a client/server system based on flexible Java components integrated into other applications including an applet for use in a WWW browser and a stand-alone trace viewer. Client/server interaction is facilitated by CORBA middleware which provides a well-defined interface, a naming service, and location independence. [The software is packaged as a Jar file available from the following URL: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/jparsons. Links to working examples of the trace viewers can be found at http://corba.ebi.ac.uk/EST. All the Washington University mouse EST traces are available for browsing at the same URL.

  12. Toward a New Algorithm for Hands Free Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murad Al-Rajab & Haifaa Kattan

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The role of the Internet in the life of everyone is becoming more and more important. People whousually use the internet are normal people with use of all physical parts of their body.Unfortunately, members of society who are physically handicapped do not get access to thismedium as they don’t have the ability to access the internet or use it.The Integrated Browser is a computer application that browses the internet and displaysinformation on screen. It targets handicapped users who have difficulties using a standardkeyboard and/or a standard mouse. In addition, this browser, unlike the conventional method,works by responding to voice commands.It is characterized as an economical and humanitarian approach because it is handicap-friendlyand is especially helpful to those who cannot use their hands. The Integrated Browser is a stateof-art technology that provides better and faster Internet experience. It is a program that willfacilitate and enhance learning of slow or/and handicapped learners

  13. A Quick Method of Phase Ambiguity Resolution with X-Ray Pulsar Navigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuerui Li

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we proposes a quick resolution method based on space search method which is based on least square method, space search method and ambiguity covariance method. The results of simulation indicate that this method can effectively improve the speed and efficiency of phase ambiguity resolution and has some certain reference value to the researches which is related to X-ray pulsar navigation.

  14. Quick Facts for 2013-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alabama Department of Education, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The Alabama Department of Education presents "Quick Facts," an annual snapshot of general state statistics, facts about public schools, the State Board of Education, and general financial data. The data presented in this report covers the school year 2013-2014.

  15. Quick-Connect Heavy-Duty Fastener

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, D. M.

    1986-01-01

    Attaching device combines fast connection and disconnection with high strength. T-shaped stud engages groove in receptacle after one-quarter turn. Further turning tightens nut on receptacle. Like quarter-turn attaching devices, connected and disconnected quickly. Like threaded devices, adjusted to desired preload, withstand high loads, and accommodate wide range of grip lengths.

  16. Quick Statistics about Voice, Speech, and Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Statistics and Epidemiology Quick Statistics About Voice, Speech, Language Voice, Speech, Language, and Swallowing Nearly 1 in 12 (7.7 ... condition known as persistent developmental stuttering. 8 , 9 Language 3.3 percent of U.S. children ages 3- ...

  17. Simulated browsing affects leaf shedding phenology and litter quality of oak and birch saplings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palacio, S; Hester, A J; Maestro, M; Millard, P

    2013-04-01

    Herbivore effects on leaf litter can have a strong impact on ecosystem nutrient cycling. Although such effects are well described for insect herbivory, research on the impacts of browsing by mammalian herbivores on leaf litter dynamics and nutrient cycling has been more limited, particularly at the level of the individual plant. Clipping treatments (66% shoot removal twice, plus unclipped) were applied to analyse the effect of browsing on the phenology (start date and pattern of leaf shedding) and leaf litter quality (nitrogen (N), soluble sugars, starch and total non-structural carbohydrate concentrations, plus C : N ratios) of Betula pubescens Ehrh. and Quercus petraea [Matt.] Liebl. saplings. Clipping decreased leaf litter biomass and delayed leaf senescence and shedding, but did not change the phenological timing of litterfall between senescence and shedding. The quality of leaf litter of both species was increased by simulated browsing, through an increase in N and carbohydrate concentrations (mainly soluble sugars) and a decreased C : N ratio. This is the first evidence we are aware of that browsing may cause changes in leaf shedding phenology, delaying the process without altering its pattern. Our results also indicate that simulated browsing increases the quality of leaf litter. However, the potential positive effect of browsing on N cycling through litter quality may be offset by its negative impact on the amount of N shed per tree.

  18. Foliar Nutritional Quality Explains Patchy Browsing Damage Caused by an Invasive Mammal.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannah R Windley

    Full Text Available Introduced herbivores frequently inflict significant, yet patchy damage on native ecosystems through selective browsing. However, there are few instances where the underlying cause of this patchy damage has been revealed. We aimed to determine if the nutritional quality of foliage could predict the browsing preferences of an invasive mammalian herbivore, the common brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula, in a temperate forest in New Zealand. We quantified the spatial and temporal variation in four key aspects of the foliar chemistry (total nitrogen, available nitrogen, in vitro dry matter digestibility and tannin effect of 275 trees representing five native tree species. Simultaneously, we assessed the severity of browsing damage caused by possums on those trees in order to relate selective browsing to foliar nutritional quality. We found significant spatial and temporal variation in nutritional quality among individuals of each tree species examined, as well as among tree species. There was a positive relationship between the available nitrogen concentration of foliage (a measure of in vitro digestible protein and the severity of damage caused by browsing by possums. This study highlights the importance of nutritional quality, specifically, the foliar available nitrogen concentration of individual trees, in predicting the impact of an invasive mammal. Revealing the underlying cause of patchy browsing by an invasive mammal provides new insights for conservation of native forests and targeted control of invasive herbivores in forest ecosystems.

  19. Anthelmintic activity of some Mediterranean browse plants against parasitic nematodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manolaraki, F; Sotiraki, S; Stefanakis, A; Skampardonis, V; Volanis, M; Hoste, H

    2010-04-01

    The anthelmintic properties of tannin-rich plants are being explored as an alternative to chemical drugs. Most data have been acquired on legume forages, but only few on browse plants. The present study aimed to (i) screen the in vitro effects of extracts from 7 Mediterranean plants on Haemonchus contortus, (ii) verify the role of tannins using an inhibitor, polyvinyl polypyrrolidone (PVPP) and (iii) verify the in vivo effects of extracts from 4 plants. Significant inhibition was shown in vitro using a larval migration inhibition (LMI) assay for all extracts except that from Olea europaea var. koroneiki. After adding PVPP, the LMI values were restored to control levels for all plants except Pistacia lentiscus and Ceratonia siliqua, confirming a role for tannins in the activity. In the in vivo experiment, 48 lambs composed 6 groups, depending on diet. On Day 0, groups G1-G5 received H. contortus and Trichostrongylus colubriformis larvae and G6 remained uninfected. The various diets were distributed from Days 14 to 45: P. lentiscus (G1), Quercus coccifera (G2), C. siliqua (G3), Onobrychis viciifolia (G4), or Medicago sativa for the 2 control groups (G5, G6). Egg excretion, packed cell volumes (PCVs) and inorganic phosphate were measured weekly throughout the entire experimental period. At slaughter, the worms were enumerated and their fecundity assessed. Consumption of the 4 browser plants did not provoke differences in pathophysiological measurements but there were significant decreases in egg excretion, mainly explained by significant decreases in worm fecundity for both species, without any statistical difference in worm numbers.

  20. Bathymetric mapping with QuickBird data

    OpenAIRE

    Densham, Martin P. J.

    2005-01-01

    Two algorithms are used to determine bathymetry in the littoral region using QuickBird multispectral satellite observations. The algorithms determine water-leaving radiance and convert this to water depth values. The first algorithm uses a ratio of two wavebands and the second uses the sum of several wavebands. Relative bathymetric errors are determined for the clear water of Looe Key (USA) and the turbid water of Plymouth Sound (UK). Bathymetric measurements from LIDAR and chart data are com...

  1. A Quick Algorithm for Mining Exceptional Rules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Exceptional rules are often ignored because of their small support. However, they have high confidence, so they are useful sometimes. A new algorithm for mining exceptional rules is presented, which creates a large itemset from a relatively small database and scans the whole database only one time to generate all exceptional rules. This algorithm is proved to be quick and effective through its application in a mushroom database.

  2. Quick Response in Manufacturer-Retailer Channels

    OpenAIRE

    Ananth V. Iyer; Mark E. Bergen

    1997-01-01

    Quick Response (QR) is a movement in the apparel industry to shorten lead time. Under QR, the retailer has the ability to adjust orders based on better demand information. We study how a manufacturer-retailer channel impacts choices of production and marketing variables under QR in the apparel industry. Specifically, we build formal models of the inventory decisions of manufacturers and retailers both before and after QR. Our models allow us to address who wins and who loses under QR, and sug...

  3. Quick finite elements for electromagnetic waves

    CERN Document Server

    Pelosi, Giuseppe; Selleri, Stefano

    2009-01-01

    This practical book and accompanying software enables you to quickly and easily work out challenging microwave engineering and high-frequency electromagnetic problems using the finite element method (FEM) Using clear, concise text and dozens of real-world application examples, the book provides a detailed description of FEM implementation, while the software provides the code and tools needed to solve the three major types of EM problems: guided propagation, scattering, and radiation.

  4. Browsing Patterns of White-Tailed Deer Following Increased Timber Harvest and a Decline in Population Density

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shawn M. Crimmins

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We examined browsing patterns of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus on a site in the central Appalachians that experienced a substantial (>50% reduction in deer population density and an increase in the amount of timber harvest since 2001. We sampled woody browse in and immediately adjacent to 12 clearcuts ranging in age from 0–5 years postharvest in summer 2007. Clearcut-interior areas had higher woody browse abundance and browsing rates than clearcut-edge or mature forest areas. Woody browse abundance was slightly higher within individual clearcuts than in 2001 at higher population densities and lower timber harvest rates. Overall browsing rates declined from approximately 17% in 2001 to less than 5% during our study, suggesting that the combination of deer population control, and increasing the amount of timber harvest across the landscape can reduce herbivory to levels that may not impede growth and survival of forest vegetation.

  5. U.S. Geological Survey and Microsoft Cooperative Research and Development Agreement: Geospatial Data Browsing and Retrieval Site on the World Wide Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey

    1999-01-01

    In May 1997, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Microsoft Corporation of Redmond, Wash., entered into a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) to make vast amounts of geospatial data available to the general public through the Internet. The CRADA is a 36-month joint effort to develop a general, public-oriented browsing and retrieval site for geospatial data on the Internet. Specifically, Microsoft plans to (1) modify a large volume of USGS geospatial data so the images can be displayed quickly and easily over the Internet, (2) implement an easy-to-use interface for low-speed connections, and (3) develop an Internet Web site capable of servicing millions of users per day.

  6. Ungulate browsing maintains shrub diversity in the absence of episodic disturbance in seasonally-arid conifer forest.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burak K Pekin

    Full Text Available Ungulates exert a strong influence on the composition and diversity of vegetation communities. However, little is known about how ungulate browsing pressure interacts with episodic disturbances such as fire and stand thinning. We assessed shrub responses to variable browsing pressure by cattle and elk in fuels treated (mechanical removal of fuels followed by prescribed burning and non-fuels treated forest sites in northeastern Oregon, US. Seven treatment paddocks were established at each site; three with cattle exclusion and low, moderate and high elk browsing pressure, three with elk exclusion and low, moderate and high cattle browsing pressure, and one with both cattle and elk exclusion. The height, cover and number of stems of each shrub species were recorded at multiple plots within each paddock at the time of establishment and six years later. Changes in shrub species composition over the six year period were explored using multivariate analyses. Generalized Linear Mixed Models were used to determine the effect of browsing pressure on the change in shrub diversity and evenness. Vegetation composition in un-browsed paddocks changed more strongly and in different trajectories than in browsed paddocks at sites that were not fuels treated. In fuels treated sites, changes in composition were minimal for un-browsed paddocks. Shrub diversity and evenness decreased strongly in un-browsed paddocks relative to paddocks with low, moderate and high browsing pressure at non-fuels treated sites, but not at fuels treated sites. These results suggest that in the combined absence of fire, mechanical thinning and ungulate browsing, shrub diversity is reduced due to increased dominance by certain shrub species which are otherwise suppressed by ungulates and/or fuels removal. Accordingly, ungulate browsing, even at low intensities, can be used to suppress dominant shrub species and maintain diversity in the absence of episodic disturbance events.

  7. Information Seeking on the Web--An Integrated Model of Browsing and Searching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choo, Chun Wei; Detlor, Brian; Turnbull, Don

    This paper presents findings from a study of how knowledge workers use the Web to seek external information as a part of their daily work. Participants were mainly IT specialists, managers, and research/marketing/consulting staff working in organizations that included a large utility company, a major bank, and a consulting firm. Thirty-four…

  8. Analysis of search and browsing behavior of young users on the web

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duarte Torres, Sergio; Weber, Ingmar; Hiemstra, Djoerd; Najork, M.

    2014-01-01

    The Internet is increasingly used by young children for all kinds of purposes. Nonetheless, there are not many resources especially designed for children on the Internet and most of the content online is designed for grown up users. This situation is problematic if we consider the large differences

  9. 3D-centered media linking and semantic enrichment through integrated searching, browsing, viewing and annotating

    OpenAIRE

    Pena Serna, Sebastian; Scopigno, Roberto; Doerr, Martin; Theodoridou, Maria; Georgis, Christos; Ponchio, Federico; Stork, Andre

    2011-01-01

    The digitally documented world heritage is archived in databases or repositories, where collections of metadata, images, multimedia objects or nowadays even digital 3D artifacts can be stored and queried. Modeling and linking all this information is complex and involves refined categorizations and relations, which are usually accessed by either simplistic or overwhelmingly complex interfaces. Hence, finding the right level of abstraction for a general interface is very challenging. This becom...

  10. Balancing thread based navigation for targeted video search

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O. de Rooij; C.G.M. Snoek; M. Worring

    2008-01-01

    Various query methods for video search exist. Because of the semantic gap each method has its limitations. We argue that for effective retrieval query methods need to be combined at retrieval time. However, switching query methods often involves a change in query and browsing interface, which puts a

  11. HEALTH GeoJunction: place-time-concept browsing of health publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turton Ian J

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The volume of health science publications is escalating rapidly. Thus, keeping up with developments is becoming harder as is the task of finding important cross-domain connections. When geographic location is a relevant component of research reported in publications, these tasks are more difficult because standard search and indexing facilities have limited or no ability to identify geographic foci in documents. This paper introduces HEALTH GeoJunction, a web application that supports researchers in the task of quickly finding scientific publications that are relevant geographically and temporally as well as thematically. Results HEALTH GeoJunction is a geovisual analytics-enabled web application providing: (a web services using computational reasoning methods to extract place-time-concept information from bibliographic data for documents and (b visually-enabled place-time-concept query, filtering, and contextualizing tools that apply to both the documents and their extracted content. This paper focuses specifically on strategies for visually-enabled, iterative, facet-like, place-time-concept filtering that allows analysts to quickly drill down to scientific findings of interest in PubMed abstracts and to explore relations among abstracts and extracted concepts in place and time. The approach enables analysts to: find publications without knowing all relevant query parameters, recognize unanticipated geographic relations within and among documents in multiple health domains, identify the thematic emphasis of research targeting particular places, notice changes in concepts over time, and notice changes in places where concepts are emphasized. Conclusions PubMed is a database of over 19 million biomedical abstracts and citations maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information; achieving quick filtering is an important contribution due to the database size. Including geography in filters is important due to

  12. VALIDATING THE PERFORMANCE OF PERSONALIZATION TECHNIQUES IN SEARCH ENGINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Suruliandi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available User profiling is an important and basic component in personalized search engine. Search engines respond to a user’s query by using the bag-of-words model, which matches keyword between the query and web documents but ignore contexts and users’ preferences. Personalized search greatly improves the search results as of the results provided by the search engine without personalization. In this paper, the performance of personalized search based on content analysis and personalized search based on user group have been evaluated. In personalized search based on content analysis the contents are traced by finding the user’s browsed documents and search history, which reduce the users search time. In user profile only user preference alone is taken into consideration. The experimental results show that the personalized search based on user group method having higher precision and recall rate than the content analysis method.

  13. New Interactive Data Browsing Features of the ADC Viewer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, B.; Shaya, E.; Blackwell, J.; Gass, J.; Oliversen, N.; Schneider, G.; Cheung, C.; White, R. A.

    1999-05-01

    The Astronomical Data Center (ADC, http://adc.gsfc.nasa.gov) has more than 700 catalogs and ~ 2000 journal tables of astronomical data that are easily accessed using the ADC Table Viewer (http://adc.gsfc.nasa.gov/viewer). This tool encompasses many data view and visualization capabilities such as the sorting, subsetting, and search of data. Additionally, its modular design allows it to leverage the abilities of the other ADC tools such as mission search and sky map plotting (IMPReSS) and the plotting/over-plotting of selected data (CatsEye). We report on the latest features of the ADC Viewer. This next generation software now empowers the user to upload their own tables, to perform non-trivial column arithmetic, to search regions of the sky using circular (in addition to square) regions and to download their tables in a variety of formats including FITS and tab or comma delimited ASCII text.

  14. Google Power Search

    CERN Document Server

    Spencer, Stephan

    2011-01-01

    Behind Google's deceptively simple interface is immense power for both market and competitive research-if you know how to use it well. Sure, basic searches are easy, but complex searches require specialized skills. This concise book takes you through the full range of Google's powerful search-refinement features, so you can quickly find the specific information you need. Learn techniques ranging from simple Boolean logic to URL parameters and other advanced tools, and see how they're applied to real-world market research examples. Incorporate advanced search operators such as filetype:, intit

  15. Semantic MEDLINE for discovery browsing: using semantic predications and the literature-based discovery paradigm to elucidate a mechanism for the obesity paradox.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cairelli, Michael J; Miller, Christopher M; Fiszman, Marcelo; Workman, T Elizabeth; Rindflesch, Thomas C

    2013-01-01

    Applying the principles of literature-based discovery (LBD), we elucidate the paradox that obesity is beneficial in critical care despite contributing to disease generally. Our approach enhances a previous extension to LBD, called "discovery browsing," and is implemented using Semantic MEDLINE, which summarizes the results of a PubMed search into an interactive graph of semantic predications. The methodology allows a user to construct argumentation underpinning an answer to a biomedical question by engaging the user in an iterative process between system output and user knowledge. Components of the Semantic MEDLINE output graph identified as "interesting" by the user both contribute to subsequent searches and are constructed into a logical chain of relationships constituting an explanatory network in answer to the initial question. Based on this methodology we suggest that phthalates leached from plastic in critical care interventions activate PPAR gamma, which is anti-inflammatory and abundant in obese patients.

  16. Information retrieval in digital libraries: bringing search to the net.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schatz, B R

    1997-01-17

    A digital library enables users to interact effectively with information distributed across a network. These network information systems support search and display of items from organized collections. In the historical evolution of digital libraries, the mechanisms for retrieval of scientific literature have been particularly important. Grand visions in 1960 led first to the development of text search, from bibliographic databases to full-text retrieval. Next, research prototypes catalyzed the rise of document search, from multimedia browsing across local-area networks to distributed search on the Internet. By 2010, the visions will be realized, with concept search enabling semantic retrieval across large collections.

  17. Modification of QUICK scheme by skew points

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mirzaei, M.; Mohammadi, R.; Malekzadeh, M. [K.N. Toosi Univ. of Technology, Aerospace Engineering Dept., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)]. E-mail: Mirzaei@kntu.ac.ir

    2005-07-01

    This paper presents a new method for convective flux approximation based on inclusions of skew points. The scheme uses the truncated terms of QUICK scheme and with the aid of an equation extracted from momentum equations, the skew points will appear in the convective flux formula. The results show that the presented scheme has better accuracy than the other schemes. Diffusion fluxes are approximated using power law scheme and for evaluation of the performance of the presented method several test cases were carried out and the results are compared with the results of other numerical works and experimental data. (author)

  18. A quick guide to pipeline engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Alkazraji, D

    2008-01-01

    Pipeline engineering requires an understanding of a wide range of topics. Operators must take into account numerous pipeline codes and standards, calculation approaches, and reference materials in order to make accurate and informed decisions.A Quick Guide to Pipeline Engineering provides concise, easy-to-use, and accessible information on onshore and offshore pipeline engineering. Topics covered include: design; construction; testing; operation and maintenance; and decommissioning.Basic principles are discussed and clear guidance on regulations is provided, in a way that will

  19. CliffsNotes Statistics Quick Review

    CERN Document Server

    Voelker, David H; Adams, Scott

    2011-01-01

    Inside the Book: Graphic displays Numerical measures Probability Sampling Principles of testing Univariate inferential tests Bivariate relationships Review questions Resource center Glossary Common mistakes Tables Why CliffsNotes? Go with the name you know and trust Get the information you need-fast! CliffsNotes Quick Review guides give you a clear, concise, easy-to-use review of the basics. Introducing each topic, defining key terms, and carefully walking you through sample problems, this guide helps you grasp and understand the important concepts needed to succeed. Access 500

  20. In-vitro screening of Kalahari browse species for rumen methane mitigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacobus Johannes Francois Theart

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The nutritional value of browse foliage from the Thorny Kalahari Dune Bush veld of South Africa is not characterized. Most of this browse species is rich in tannin, but still palatable, and is consumed by ruminants during the dry season, as well as having a role to play in mitigating enteric methane emission from ruminants. In this study, the rumen methane mitigation potential of 19 browse species foliage collected from the Thorny Kalahari Dune Bush veld, was analyzed in terms of chemical composition, in vitro fermentation, digestibility and methane production. In vitro gas and methane production and organic matter digestibility (IVOMD were determined by using rumen fluid collected, strained and anaerobically prepared. A semi-automated system was used to measure gas production (GP from each browse species by incubating 400 mg samples in a shaking incubator at 39 °C with or without inclusion of 400 mg of polyethylene glycol (PEG. Data for all the parameters collected were statistically analyzed using the SAS (9.0 general linear model (GLM procedure, and differences between foliage species were determined using Duncan’s multiple-range test. Acacia luederitziiand Monechma incanumshowed the best potential for decreasing methane production by up to 90 % after 48 h of incubation. The secondary components (mainly tannins of the browse species appeared to have a significant effect on volatile fatty acids (VFA, methane and gas production as judged by the comparison of samples incubated with or without PEG inclusion. The substantial amount of crude protein (CP content coupled with their anti-methanogenic effect during fermentation would make these browses a potential mitigation option for small scale farmers and pastoralists in sub-Sahara Africa. However, it is also very important that systematic and strategic supplementation in a mixed diet should be looked at as the way forward in terms of best utilization.

  1. Click-wrap ja browse-wrap -sopimustekniikat

    OpenAIRE

    Ansio, Erik

    2014-01-01

    Vain tiivistelmÀ. OpinnÀytteiden arkistokappaleet ovat luettavissa Helsingin yliopiston kirjastossa. Hae HELKA-tietokannasta (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka/index.htm). Abstract only. The paper copy of the whole thesis is available for reading room use at the Helsinki University Library. Search HELKA online catalog (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka/index.htm). Endast avhandlingens sammandrag. Pappersexemplaret av hela avhandlingen finns för lÀsesalsbruk i Helsingfors universitets bibliote...

  2. ACAA fly ash basics: quick reference card

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    Fly ash is a fine powdery material created when coal is burned to generate electricity. Before escaping into the environment via the utility stacks, the ash is collected and may be stored for beneficial uses or disposed of, if necessary. The use of fly ash provides environmental benefits, such as the conservation of natural resources, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and eliminating the needed for ash disposal in landfills. It is also a valuable mineral resource that is used in construction and manufacturing. Fly ash is used in the production of Portland cement, concrete, mortars and stuccos, manufactured aggregates along with various agricultural applications. As mineral filler, fly ash can be used for paints, shingles, carpet backing, plastics, metal castings and other purposes. This quick reference card is intended to provide the reader basic source, identification and composition, information specifically related to fly ash.

  3. QuickDirect - Payload Control Software Template Package Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — To address the need to quickly, cost-effectively and reliably develop software to control science instruments deployed on spacecraft, QuickFlex proposes to create a...

  4. Manipulating sheep browsing levels on coyote willow (Salix exigua) with supplements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macronutrients and additives have been used to suppress or promote intake of upland tannin-containing browse species by livestock, but to our knowledge this technique has not been applied to sheep that feed on tannin-containing species in riparian areas. The objective of this study was to determine ...

  5. Development of Northern White-Cedar Regeneration Following Partial Cutting, with and without Deer Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Larouche

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Northern white-cedar (Thuja occidentalis L. is an important commercial species with a high wildlife value, both as a food source and habitat for many bird and mammal species. Concerns have been expressed about its decreasing abundance across its range, and especially in mixedwood stands, where it has to compete with several other species and can suffer from heavy browsing. In this study, we quantified the development of natural northern white-cedar seedlings and saplings under various partial cutting regimes, with and without white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virgianus Zimmerman browsing, in three selected sites in Quebec (Canada and in Maine (USA. Our data show that northern white-cedar regeneration was present in all studied stands, but that only a few stems were taller than 30 cm on the two sites with high densities of deer. In the absence of heavy browsing, stems reached a height of 30 cm in 11 years, and 130 cm in 28 years. Height growth of northern white-cedar regeneration increased with canopy light transmittance, while ground-level diameter increment increased after partial cutting. This suggests that partial cutting can be used in mixedwood stands to release natural northern white-cedar regeneration, but also that the recruitment of northern white-cedar seedlings to larger size classes constitutes a major challenge in stands subject to heavy deer browsing.

  6. Generalities in grazing and browsing ecology : Using across-guild comparisons to control contingencies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    du Toit, Johan T.; Olff, Han

    2014-01-01

    In community ecology, broad-scale spatial replication can accommodate contingencies in patterns within species groups, but contingencies in processes across species groups remain problematic. Here, based on a focused review of grazing and browsing by large mammals, we use one trophic guild as a "con

  7. Product features and task effects on experienced richness, control and engagement in voicemail browsing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rozendaal, M.C.; Keyson, D.V.; De Ridder, H.

    2008-01-01

    A recent focus is on creating engaging user experiences with digital products and services such as voicemail. This study aims to design towards increased levels of engagement in voicemail browsing by using the ‘Richness, Control and Engagement’ (RC & E) framework. This framework explains the levels

  8. Deer browsing delays succession by altering aboveground vegetation and belowground seed banks.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio DiTommaso

    Full Text Available Soil seed bank composition is important to the recovery of natural and semi-natural areas from disturbance and serves as a safeguard against environmental catastrophe. White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus populations have increased dramatically in eastern North America over the past century and can have strong impacts on aboveground vegetation, but their impacts on seed bank dynamics are less known. To document the long-term effects of deer browsing on plant successional dynamics, we studied the impacts of deer on both aboveground vegetation and seed bank composition in plant communities following agricultural abandonment. In 2005, we established six 15 × 15 m fenced enclosures and paired open plots in recently followed agricultural fields near Ithaca, NY, USA. In late October of each of six years (2005-2010, we collected soil from each plot and conducted seed germination cycles in a greenhouse to document seed bank composition. These data were compared to measurements of aboveground plant cover (2005-2008 and tree density (2005-2012. The impacts of deer browsing on aboveground vegetation were severe and immediate, resulting in significantly more bare soil, reduced plant biomass, reduced recruitment of woody species, and relatively fewer native species. These impacts persisted throughout the experiment. The impacts of browsing were even stronger on seed bank dynamics. Browsing resulted in significantly decreased overall species richness (but higher diversity, reduced seed bank abundance, relatively more short-lived species (annuals and biennials, and fewer native species. Both seed bank richness and the relative abundance of annuals/biennials were mirrored in the aboveground vegetation. Thus, deer browsing has long-term and potentially reinforcing impacts on secondary succession, slowing succession by selectively consuming native perennials and woody species and favoring the persistence of short-lived, introduced species that continually

  9. Deer browsing delays succession by altering aboveground vegetation and belowground seed banks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiTommaso, Antonio; Morris, Scott H; Parker, John D; Cone, Caitlin L; Agrawal, Anurag A

    2014-01-01

    Soil seed bank composition is important to the recovery of natural and semi-natural areas from disturbance and serves as a safeguard against environmental catastrophe. White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) populations have increased dramatically in eastern North America over the past century and can have strong impacts on aboveground vegetation, but their impacts on seed bank dynamics are less known. To document the long-term effects of deer browsing on plant successional dynamics, we studied the impacts of deer on both aboveground vegetation and seed bank composition in plant communities following agricultural abandonment. In 2005, we established six 15 × 15 m fenced enclosures and paired open plots in recently followed agricultural fields near Ithaca, NY, USA. In late October of each of six years (2005-2010), we collected soil from each plot and conducted seed germination cycles in a greenhouse to document seed bank composition. These data were compared to measurements of aboveground plant cover (2005-2008) and tree density (2005-2012). The impacts of deer browsing on aboveground vegetation were severe and immediate, resulting in significantly more bare soil, reduced plant biomass, reduced recruitment of woody species, and relatively fewer native species. These impacts persisted throughout the experiment. The impacts of browsing were even stronger on seed bank dynamics. Browsing resulted in significantly decreased overall species richness (but higher diversity), reduced seed bank abundance, relatively more short-lived species (annuals and biennials), and fewer native species. Both seed bank richness and the relative abundance of annuals/biennials were mirrored in the aboveground vegetation. Thus, deer browsing has long-term and potentially reinforcing impacts on secondary succession, slowing succession by selectively consuming native perennials and woody species and favoring the persistence of short-lived, introduced species that continually recruit from an

  10. MetaRNA-Seq: An Interactive Tool to Browse and Annotate Metadata from RNA-Seq Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pankaj Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The number of RNA-Seq studies has grown in recent years. The design of RNA-Seq studies varies from very simple (e.g., two-condition case-control to very complicated (e.g., time series involving multiple samples at each time point with separate drug treatments. Most of these publically available RNA-Seq studies are deposited in NCBI databases, but their metadata are scattered throughout four different databases: Sequence Read Archive (SRA, Biosample, Bioprojects, and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO. Although the NCBI web interface is able to provide all of the metadata information, it often requires significant effort to retrieve study- or project-level information by traversing through multiple hyperlinks and going to another page. Moreover, project- and study-level metadata lack manual or automatic curation by categories, such as disease type, time series, case-control, or replicate type, which are vital to comprehending any RNA-Seq study. Here we describe “MetaRNA-Seq,” a new tool for interactively browsing, searching, and annotating RNA-Seq metadata with the capability of semiautomatic curation at the study level.

  11. LINCS Canvas Browser: interactive web app to query, browse and interrogate LINCS L1000 gene expression signatures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Qiaonan; Flynn, Corey; Niepel, Mario; Hafner, Marc; Muhlich, Jeremy L; Fernandez, Nicolas F; Rouillard, Andrew D; Tan, Christopher M; Chen, Edward Y; Golub, Todd R; Sorger, Peter K; Subramanian, Aravind; Ma'ayan, Avi

    2014-07-01

    For the Library of Integrated Network-based Cellular Signatures (LINCS) project many gene expression signatures using the L1000 technology have been produced. The L1000 technology is a cost-effective method to profile gene expression in large scale. LINCS Canvas Browser (LCB) is an interactive HTML5 web-based software application that facilitates querying, browsing and interrogating many of the currently available LINCS L1000 data. LCB implements two compacted layered canvases, one to visualize clustered L1000 expression data, and the other to display enrichment analysis results using 30 different gene set libraries. Clicking on an experimental condition highlights gene-sets enriched for the differentially expressed genes from the selected experiment. A search interface allows users to input gene lists and query them against over 100 000 conditions to find the top matching experiments. The tool integrates many resources for an unprecedented potential for new discoveries in systems biology and systems pharmacology. The LCB application is available at http://www.maayanlab.net/LINCS/LCB. Customized versions will be made part of the http://lincscloud.org and http://lincs.hms.harvard.edu websites.

  12. LINCS Canvas Browser: interactive web app to query, browse and interrogate LINCS L1000 gene expression signatures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Qiaonan; Flynn, Corey; Niepel, Mario; Hafner, Marc; Muhlich, Jeremy L; Fernandez, Nicolas F; Rouillard, Andrew D; Tan, Christopher M; Chen, Edward Y; Golub, Todd R; Sorger, Peter K; Subramanian, Aravind; Ma'ayan, Avi

    2014-07-01

    For the Library of Integrated Network-based Cellular Signatures (LINCS) project many gene expression signatures using the L1000 technology have been produced. The L1000 technology is a cost-effective method to profile gene expression in large scale. LINCS Canvas Browser (LCB) is an interactive HTML5 web-based software application that facilitates querying, browsing and interrogating many of the currently available LINCS L1000 data. LCB implements two compacted layered canvases, one to visualize clustered L1000 expression data, and the other to display enrichment analysis results using 30 different gene set libraries. Clicking on an experimental condition highlights gene-sets enriched for the differentially expressed genes from the selected experiment. A search interface allows users to input gene lists and query them against over 100 000 conditions to find the top matching experiments. The tool integrates many resources for an unprecedented potential for new discoveries in systems biology and systems pharmacology. The LCB application is available at http://www.maayanlab.net/LINCS/LCB. Customized versions will be made part of the http://lincscloud.org and http://lincs.hms.harvard.edu websites. PMID:24906883

  13. Rocky Planet Formation: Quick and Neat

    CERN Document Server

    Kenyon, Scott J; Bromley, Benjamin C

    2016-01-01

    We reconsider the commonly held assumption that warm debris disks are tracers of terrestrial planet formation. The high occurrence rate inferred for Earth-mass planets around mature solar-type stars based on exoplanet surveys (roughly 20%) stands in stark contrast to the low incidence rate (less than 2-3%) of warm dusty debris around solar-type stars during the expected epoch of terrestrial planet assembly (roughly 10 Myr). If Earth-mass planets at AU distances are a common outcome of the planet formation process, this discrepancy suggests that rocky planet formation occurs more quickly and/or is much neater than traditionally believed, leaving behind little in the way of a dust signature. Alternatively, the incidence rate of terrestrial planets has been overestimated or some previously unrecognized physical mechanism removes warm dust efficiently from the terrestrial planet region. A promising removal mechanism is gas drag in a residual gaseous disk with a surface density of roughly or somewhat more than 0.0...

  14. Quick management of accidental tritium exposure cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Vishwanath P; Badiger, N M; Managanvi, S S; Bhat, H R

    2012-07-01

    Removal half-life (RHL) of tritium is one of the best means for optimising medical treatment, reduction of committed effective dose (CED) and quick/easy handling of a large group of workers for medical treatment reference. The removal of tritium from the body depends on age, temperature, relative humidity and daily rainfall; so tritium removal rate, its follow-up and proper data analysis and recording are the best techniques for management of accidental acute tritium exposed cases. The decision of referring for medical treatment or medical intervention (MI) would be based on workers' tritium RHL history taken from their bodies at the facilities. The workers with tritium intake up to 1 ALI shall not be considered for medical treatment as it is a derived limit of annual total effective dose. The short-term MI may be considered for tritium intake of 1-10 ALI; however, if the results show intake ≥100 ALI, extended strong medical/therapeutic intervention may be recommended based on the severity of exposure for maximum CED reduction requirements and annual total effective dose limit. The methodology is very useful for pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWRs) which are mainly operated by Canada and India and future fusion reactor technologies. Proper management will optimise the cases for medical treatment and enhance public acceptance of nuclear fission and fusion reactor technologies.

  15. Reflections on New Search Engine 新型搜索引擎畅想

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Jiannian

    2007-01-01

    English abstract]Quick increment of need on internet information resources leads to a rush of search engines. This article introduces some new type of search engines which is appearing and will appear. These search engines includes as follows: grey document search engine, invisible web search engine, knowledge discovery search engine, clustering meta search engine, academic clustering search engine, conception comparison and conception analogy search engine, consultation search engine, teachi...

  16. Scale-Dependent Browsing Patterns on Canada Yew (Taxus canadensis by White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve K. Windels

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Canada yew (Taxus canadensis is a clonal shrub that forms discrete patches and was formerly an important component of forest understories in much of northeastern North America. Following Euro-American settlement, Canada yew has been extirpated or reduced in abundance throughout much of its former range, particularly in the USA; winter browsing by white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus has been implicated as responsible for much of its decline. Little is known about the factors affecting deer browsing intensity on Canada yew. We examined factors related to browsing intensity on Canada yew across three spatial scales in 29 forest stands in Michigan, USA. Browsing intensity on stems was related principally to two factors acting simultaneously across multiple spatial scales. Browsing intensity was negatively related to amount of Canada yew at the scale of the forest stand and negatively related to distance from the edge of Canada yew patches, effectively creating refugia from browsing. The browsing patterns we observed suggest that yew exists in two alternate stable states: (1 as loose aggregations of small stems or (2 large, dense patches of large stems. The implications of changes in deer density or snow cover to the probability of local persistence of Canada yew are discussed.

  17. Enabling Semantic Analysis of User Browsing Patterns in the Web of Data

    CERN Document Server

    Hoxha, Julia; Agarwal, Sudhir

    2012-01-01

    A useful step towards better interpretation and analysis of the usage patterns is to formalize the semantics of the resources that users are accessing in the Web. We focus on this problem and present an approach for the semantic formalization of usage logs, which lays the basis for eective techniques of querying expressive usage patterns. We also present a query answering approach, which is useful to nd in the logs expressive patterns of usage behavior via formulation of semantic and temporal-based constraints. We have processed over 30 thousand user browsing sessions extracted from usage logs of DBPedia and Semantic Web Dog Food. All these events are formalized semantically using respective domain ontologies and RDF representations of the Web resources being accessed. We show the eectiveness of our approach through experimental results, providing in this way an exploratory analysis of the way users browse theWeb of Data.

  18. Quick search of differentially expressed genes of EB virus resulting immortal human B cells by suppression subtractive hybridization%应用抑制性消减杂交技术克隆EB病毒致人B淋巴细胞永生化的差异性表达基因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李茜; 朱振宇; 梁雪清; 李满枝; 黄必军

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To clone and identify genes differentially expressed in the EBvirus-transformed human B cell. METHODS: Suppression subtractive hy-bridization was used to construct the library which contains the differentiatelyexpressed cDNAs in EB virus-transformed human B cell. Then the isolatedgenes were cloned and sequenced and identifed by RT-PCR. Nucleic acid ho-mology searches were performed using the BLAST program. RESULTS: By thistechnique, 4 differentiately expressed gene cDNA fragments of EBvirus-transformed human B cell were obtained. CONCLUSION: SSH is aneffective method to isolate differentiately expressed genes.

  19. The Philosophy behind a (Danish) Voice-controlled Interface to Internet Browsing for motor-handicapped

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøndsted, Tom

    2005-01-01

    criteria: learnability and memorability rather than naturalness, minimal need for maintenance after release, support for "all" web standards (not just HTML conforming to certain "recommendations"), independency of the language on the websites being browsed, allowance for multimodal control along...... with the unimodal oral mode, etc. These criteria have lead to a primarily message-driven system interacting with an existing browser on the end users' systems....

  20. Using Context Dependent Semantic Similarity to Browse Information Resources: an Application for the Industrial Design

    CERN Document Server

    Albertoni, Riccardo

    2010-01-01

    This paper deals with the semantic interpretation of information resources (e.g., images, videos, 3D models). We present a case study of an approach based on semantic and context dependent similarity applied to the industrial design. Different application contexts are considered and modelled to browse a repository of 3D digital objects according to different perspectives. The paper briefly summarises the basic concepts behind the semantic similarity approach and illustrates its application and results.

  1. Spectral images browsing using principal component analysis and set partitioning in hierarchical tree

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Long; Zhao, Deping

    2011-12-01

    Spectral imaging technology have been used mostly in remote sensing, but have recently been extended to new area requiring high fidelity color reproductions like telemedicine, e-commerce, etc. These spectral imaging systems are important because they offer improved color reproduction quality not only for a standard observer under a particular illuminantion, but for any other individual exhibiting normal color vision capability under another illuminantion. A possibility for browsing of the archives is needed. In this paper, the authors present a new spectral image browsing architecture. The architecture for browsing is expressed as follow: (1) The spectral domain of the spectral image is reduced with the PCA transform. As a result of the PCA transform the eigenvectors and the eigenimages are obtained. (2) We quantize the eigenimages with the original bit depth of spectral image (e.g. if spectral image is originally 8bit, then quantize eigenimage to 8bit), and use 32bit floating numbers for the eigenvectors. (3) The first eigenimage is lossless compressed by JPEG-LS, the other eigenimages were lossy compressed by wavelet based SPIHT algorithm. For experimental evalution, the following measures were used. We used PSNR as the measurement for spectral accuracy. And for the evaluation of color reproducibility, ΔE was used.here standard D65 was used as a light source. To test the proposed method, we used FOREST and CORAL spectral image databases contrain 12 and 10 spectral images, respectively. The images were acquired in the range of 403-696nm. The size of the images were 128*128, the number of bands was 40 and the resolution was 8 bits per sample. Our experiments show the proposed compression method is suitable for browsing, i.e., for visual purpose.

  2. Effect of browsing on willow in the Steel Creek grazing allotment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keigley, R.B.; Gale, Gil

    2000-01-01

    The Steel Creek drainage serves as both wildlife range (primarily moose and elk) and as a livestock grazing allotment. For some years there has been concern about the effect of browsing on willows. Dense clusters of twigs have formed at the end of branches; entire stems of some plants have died. As of 1996, the relative impacts attributable to each of the ungulate species had not been documented.

  3. ATRC Neutron Detector Testing Quick Look Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Troy C. Unruh; Benjamin M. Chase; Joy L. Rempe

    2013-08-01

    detecting thermal flux) with associated electronics for assessment. In addition, Prof. Imel, ISU, has access to an inventory of Self-Powered Neutron Detectors (SPNDs) with a range of response times as well as Back-to-Back (BTB) fission chambers from prior research he conducted at the Transient REActor Test Facility (TREAT) facility and Neutron RADiography (NRAD) reactors. Finally, SPNDs from the National Atomic Energy Commission of Argentina (CNEA) were provided in connection with the INL effort to upgrade ATR computational methods and V&V protocols that are underway as part of the ATR LEP. Work during fiscal year 2010 (FY10) focussed on design and construction of Experiment Guide Tubes (EGTs) for positioning the flux detectors in the ATRC N-16 locations as well as obtaining ATRC staff concurrence for the detector evaluations. Initial evaluations with CEA researchers were also started in FY10 but were cut short due to reactor reliability issues. Reactor availability issues caused experimental work to be delayed during FY11/12. In FY13, work resumed; and evaluations were completed. The objective of this "Quick Look" report is to summarize experimental activities performed from April 4, 2013 through May 16, 2013.

  4. Software for browsing sectioned images of a dog body and generating a 3D model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jin Seo; Jung, Yong Wook

    2016-01-01

    The goals of this study were (1) to provide accessible and instructive browsing software for sectioned images and a portable document format (PDF) file that includes three-dimensional (3D) models of an entire dog body and (2) to develop techniques for segmentation and 3D modeling that would enable an investigator to perform these tasks without the aid of a computer engineer. To achieve these goals, relatively important or large structures in the sectioned images were outlined to generate segmented images. The sectioned and segmented images were then packaged into browsing software. In this software, structures in the sectioned images are shown in detail and in real color. After 3D models were made from the segmented images, the 3D models were exported into a PDF file. In this format, the 3D models could be manipulated freely. The browsing software and PDF file are available for study by students, for lecture for teachers, and for training for clinicians. These files will be helpful for anatomical study by and clinical training of veterinary students and clinicians. Furthermore, these techniques will be useful for researchers who study two-dimensional images and 3D models.

  5. Mining Fuzzy Weighted Browsing Patterns from Time Duration and with Linguistic Thresholds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzung P. Hong

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available World-wide-web applications have grown very rapidly and have made a significant impact on computer systems. Among them, web browsing for useful information may be most commonly seen. Due to its tremendous amounts of use, efficient and effective web retrieval has become a very important research topic in this field. Techniques of web mining have thus been requested and developed to achieve this purpose. In this research, a new fuzzy weighted web-mining algorithm is proposed, which can process web-server logs to discover useful users’ browsing behaviors from the time durations of the paged browsed. Since the time durations are numeric, fuzzy concepts are used here to process them and to form linguistic terms. Besides, different web pages may have different importance. The importance of web pages are evaluated by managers as linguistic terms, which are then transformed and averaged as fuzzy sets of weights. Each linguistic term is then weighted by the importance for its page. Only the linguistic term with the maximum cardinality for a page is chosen in later mining processes, thus reducing the time complexity. The minimum support is set linguistic, which is more natural and understandable for human beings. An example is given to clearly illustrate the proposed approach.

  6. Short-term mangrove browsing by feral water buffalo: conflict between natural resources, wildlife and subsistence interests?

    OpenAIRE

    Dahdouh-Guebas, F.; Vrancken, D.; Ravishankar, T.; N. Koedam

    2006-01-01

    Management of the natural environment and its resources leads to conflicts between different stake-holders worldwide. Recently mangrove browsing by feral water buffalo in the East-Godavari Delta (India) has been considered a threat to the regeneration of mangroves by the local Forest Department, which led to conflicts between the authorities and local herds-men who have an ancient tradition involving feral water buffalo. The impact of browsing and grazing of mangroves by feral water buffalo w...

  7. A New Searching Problem Solved by Quantum Computers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫海洋

    2002-01-01

    It is well known that a quantum computer can search more quickly than a classical computer while solving the so-called Grover-searching problem. We present a new searching problem which cannot be classified into Grover's problem and can be solved by using the modified searching iterations with the same efficiency as for Grover's problem.

  8. Precision with Ease: Refining Thesaurus Support for Quality Health Information Searching on Health"Insite"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Jill Buckley; Deacon, Prue

    2009-01-01

    Health"Insite" is the Australian Government's Internet gateway to reliable health information online, providing access to over 15,000 information items on the websites of more than 80 approved information partners. The gateway provides a variety of searching and browsing options to assist users to find information on a wide range of health topics.…

  9. World Wide Web Metaphors for Search Mission Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Jeffrey S.; Wallick, Michael N.; Joswig, Joseph C.; Powell, Mark W.; Torres, Recaredo J.; Mittman, David S.; Abramyan, Lucy; Crockett, Thomas M.; Shams, Khawaja S.; Fox, Jason M.; Ludowise, Melissa

    2010-01-01

    A software program that searches and browses mission data emulates a Web browser, containing standard meta - phors for Web browsing. By taking advantage of back-end URLs, users may save and share search states. Also, since a Web interface is familiar to users, training time is reduced. Familiar back and forward buttons move through a local search history. A refresh/reload button regenerates a query, and loads in any new data. URLs can be constructed to save search results. Adding context to the current search is also handled through a familiar Web metaphor. The query is constructed by clicking on hyperlinks that represent new components to the search query. The selection of a link appears to the user as a page change; the choice of links changes to represent the updated search and the results are filtered by the new criteria. Selecting a navigation link changes the current query and also the URL that is associated with it. The back button can be used to return to the previous search state. This software is part of the MSLICE release, which was written in Java. It will run on any current Windows, Macintosh, or Linux system.

  10. 一种改进的基于浏览行为的用户兴趣模型%Improved User Profile Based on the User Browsing Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟超; 付永华

    2011-01-01

    This article mainly discussed and established a kind of improved user profile based on the user browsing behavior. In the user profile, we overall take into account the user browsing web pages behaviors, the level of interest to keywords, the user's short-term interests and long-term interests.We realize the WIPISES demo system under the. NET platform, the improved user profile is embedded in the system. The results of the simulation experiments indicate that the retrieval effects which use the improved user profile provided in this article surpass the general search engines. And with the web user's preference is stronger, the superiority of the WIPISES system is more obvious.%主要讨论并建立了一种改进的基于用户浏览行为的用户兴趣模型,模型中综合考虑了Web用户对页面的浏览行为、对页面关键词的感兴趣程度、用户的短期兴趣和长期兴趣.在.NET平台下实现了WIPISES演示系统,在系统中嵌入本文所提出的改进的用户兴趣模型.仿真实验结果表明:使用本文改进的用户兴趣模型进行信息检索,其搜索效果优于目前主流的搜索引擎,而且Web用户的偏好性越强,WIPISES系统的优势也就越显著.

  11. Development of quick charging system for electric vehicle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anegawa, Takafumi

    2010-09-15

    Despite low environmental impact and high energy efficiency, electric vehicles (EV) have not been widely accepted. The lack of charging infrastructure is one reason. Since lithium-ion battery has high energy density and low internal resistance that allows quick charging, the convenience of EV may be greatly improved if charging infrastructure is prepared adequately. TEPCO aims for EV spread to reduce CO2 emissions and to increase demand for electric power, and has developed quick charging system for fleet-use EV to improve the convenience of EV. And based on research results, we will propose desirable characteristics of quick charger for public use.

  12. The tissue micro-array data exchange specification: a web based experience browsing imported data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayers Leona W

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The AIDS and Cancer Specimen Resource (ACSR is an HIV/AIDS tissue bank consortium sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis (DCTD. The ACSR offers to approved researchers HIV infected biologic samples and uninfected control tissues including tissue cores in micro-arrays (TMA accompanied by de-identified clinical data. Researchers interested in the type and quality of TMA tissue cores and the associated clinical data need an efficient method for viewing available TMA materials. Because each of the tissue samples within a TMA has separate data including a core tissue digital image and clinical data, an organized, standard approach to producing, navigating and publishing such data is necessary. The Association for Pathology Informatics (API extensible mark-up language (XML TMA data exchange specification (TMA DES proposed in April 2003 provides a common format for TMA data. Exporting TMA data into the proposed format offers an opportunity to implement the API TMA DES. Using our public BrowseTMA tool, we created a web site that organizes and cross references TMA lists, digital "virtual slide" images, TMA DES export data, linked legends and clinical details for researchers. Microsoft Excel® and Microsoft Word® are used to convert tabular clinical data and produce an XML file in the TMA DES format. The BrowseTMA tool contains Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformation (XSLT scripts that convert XML data into Hyper-Text Mark-up Language (HTML web pages with hyperlinks automatically added to allow rapid navigation. Results Block lists, virtual slide images, legends, clinical details and exports have been placed on the ACSR web site for 14 blocks with 1623 cores of 2.0, 1.0 and 0.6 mm sizes. Our virtual microscope can be used to view and annotate these TMA images. Researchers can readily navigate from TMA block lists to TMA legends and to clinical details for a selected tissue core

  13. Library Catalogue Users Are Influenced by Trends in Web Searching Search Strategies. A review of: Novotny, Eric. “I Don’t Think I Click: A Protocol Analysis Study of Use of a Library Online Catalog in the Internet Age.” College & Research Libraries, 65.6 (Nov. 2004: 525-37.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Haigh

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To explore how Web-savvy users think about and search an online catalogue. Design – Protocol analysis study. Setting – Academic library (Pennsylvania State University Libraries. Subjects – Eighteen users (17 students, 1 faculty member of an online public access catalog, divided into two groups of nine first-time and nine experienced users. Method – The study team developed five tasks that represented a range of activities commonly performed by library users, such as searching for a specific item, identifying a library location, and requesting a copy. Seventeen students and one faculty member, divided evenly between novice and experienced searchers, were recruited to “think aloud” through the performance of the tasks. Data were gathered through audio recordings, screen capture software, and investigator notes. The time taken for each task was recorded, and investigators rated task completion as “successful,” “partially successful,” “fail,” or “search aborted.” After the searching session, participants were interviewed to clarify their actions and provide further commentary on the catalogue search. Main results – Participants in both test groups were relatively unsophisticated subject searchers. They made minimal use of Boolean operators, and tended not to repair failed searches by rethinking the search vocabulary and using synonyms. Participants did not have a strong understanding of library catalogue contents or structure and showed little curiosity in developing an understanding of how to utilize the catalogue. Novice users were impatient both in choosing search options and in evaluating their search results. They assumed search results were sorted by relevance, and thus would not typically browse past the initial screen. They quickly followed links, fearlessly tried different searches and options, and rapidly abandoned false trails. Experienced users were more effective and efficient searchers than

  14. Enhancing Web Search with Semantic Identification of User Preferences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naglaa Fathy

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Personalized web search is able to satisfy individuals information needs by modeling long-term and short-term user interests based on user actions, browsed documents or past queries and incorporate these in the search process. In this paper, we propose a personalized search approach which models the user search preferences in an ontological user profile and semantically compares this model against user current query context to re-rank search results. Our user profile is based on the predefined ontology Open Directory Project (ODP so that after a user's search, relevant web pages are classified into topics in the ontology using semantic and cosine similarity measures. Moreover, interest scores are assigned to topics based on the users ongoing behavior. Our experiments show that re-ranking based on the semantic evidence of the updated user profile efficiently satisfies user information needs with the most relevant results being brought on to the top of the returned results.

  15. Advanced Techniques in Web Intelligence-2 Web User Browsing Behaviour and Preference Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Palade, Vasile; Jain, Lakhmi

    2013-01-01

    This research volume focuses on analyzing the web user browsing behaviour and preferences in traditional web-based environments, social  networks and web 2.0 applications,  by using advanced  techniques in data acquisition, data processing, pattern extraction and  cognitive science for modeling the human actions.  The book is directed to  graduate students, researchers/scientists and engineers  interested in updating their knowledge with the recent trends in web user analysis, for developing the next generation of web-based systems and applications.

  16. The transfer of fallout cesium-137 from browse to moose. Part 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We are investigating the transfer of fallout cesium-137 from soil to browse to moose (Alces alces) to wolf (Canis lupis) to promote our understanding of the movement of radionuclides through natural food chains. The first part of this study is concerned with moose food habits. Early winter food habits of moose from Hecla Island and Manitoba Game Hunting Area 26 in south central and south eastern Manitoba were studied. In 86 rumen samples, 25 food types were identified. Three methods of food habit determination were used: (1) percentage occurrence of food types, (2) subjective abundance scores and (3) percentage dry weight. All three methods yielded very similar results

  17. Mercury Quick Facts: Health Effects of Mercury Exposure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercury Quick Facts Health Effects of Mercury Exposure What is Elemental Mercury? Elemental (metallic) mercury is the shiny, silver-gray metal found in thermometers, barometers, and thermostats and other ...

  18. Secure User Authentication using Sclera in Quick Response Codes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.Brindha

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an authentication method using sclera embedded in Quick Response codes is proposed. Quick response codes are two dimensional barcodes which can hold more data and can be fastly readable by Personal computers and Handheld devices like mobile phones, smart phones and tablet PCs. Biometrics though noted for their accuracy suffer from the innate disadvantage of time consumption during enrolment and verification process. Together Biometrics and QR codes will provide a fast authentication system. This approach will be suitable for mobile ticketing applications. Cancelable sclera templates have been embedded in Quick Response codes and used for two factor authentication. The proposed Cancelable sclera template embedded in Quick response codes approach was evaluated using publicly available UBIRIS and IUPUI multi wavelength database. The experimental results show that this technique is efficient and provides accurate identity verification than other biometric traits.

  19. Coupling News Sentiment with Web Browsing Data Improves Prediction of Intra-Day Price Dynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranco, Gabriele; Bordino, Ilaria; Bormetti, Giacomo; Caldarelli, Guido; Lillo, Fabrizio; Treccani, Michele

    2016-01-01

    The new digital revolution of big data is deeply changing our capability of understanding society and forecasting the outcome of many social and economic systems. Unfortunately, information can be very heterogeneous in the importance, relevance, and surprise it conveys, affecting severely the predictive power of semantic and statistical methods. Here we show that the aggregation of web users' behavior can be elicited to overcome this problem in a hard to predict complex system, namely the financial market. Specifically, our in-sample analysis shows that the combined use of sentiment analysis of news and browsing activity of users of Yahoo! Finance greatly helps forecasting intra-day and daily price changes of a set of 100 highly capitalized US stocks traded in the period 2012-2013. Sentiment analysis or browsing activity when taken alone have very small or no predictive power. Conversely, when considering a news signal where in a given time interval we compute the average sentiment of the clicked news, weighted by the number of clicks, we show that for nearly 50% of the companies such signal Granger-causes hourly price returns. Our result indicates a "wisdom-of-the-crowd" effect that allows to exploit users' activity to identify and weigh properly the relevant and surprising news, enhancing considerably the forecasting power of the news sentiment. PMID:26808833

  20. Coupling News Sentiment with Web Browsing Data Improves Prediction of Intra-Day Price Dynamics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Ranco

    Full Text Available The new digital revolution of big data is deeply changing our capability of understanding society and forecasting the outcome of many social and economic systems. Unfortunately, information can be very heterogeneous in the importance, relevance, and surprise it conveys, affecting severely the predictive power of semantic and statistical methods. Here we show that the aggregation of web users' behavior can be elicited to overcome this problem in a hard to predict complex system, namely the financial market. Specifically, our in-sample analysis shows that the combined use of sentiment analysis of news and browsing activity of users of Yahoo! Finance greatly helps forecasting intra-day and daily price changes of a set of 100 highly capitalized US stocks traded in the period 2012-2013. Sentiment analysis or browsing activity when taken alone have very small or no predictive power. Conversely, when considering a news signal where in a given time interval we compute the average sentiment of the clicked news, weighted by the number of clicks, we show that for nearly 50% of the companies such signal Granger-causes hourly price returns. Our result indicates a "wisdom-of-the-crowd" effect that allows to exploit users' activity to identify and weigh properly the relevant and surprising news, enhancing considerably the forecasting power of the news sentiment.

  1. Coupling News Sentiment with Web Browsing Data Improves Prediction of Intra-Day Price Dynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranco, Gabriele; Bordino, Ilaria; Bormetti, Giacomo; Caldarelli, Guido; Lillo, Fabrizio; Treccani, Michele

    2016-01-01

    The new digital revolution of big data is deeply changing our capability of understanding society and forecasting the outcome of many social and economic systems. Unfortunately, information can be very heterogeneous in the importance, relevance, and surprise it conveys, affecting severely the predictive power of semantic and statistical methods. Here we show that the aggregation of web users' behavior can be elicited to overcome this problem in a hard to predict complex system, namely the financial market. Specifically, our in-sample analysis shows that the combined use of sentiment analysis of news and browsing activity of users of Yahoo! Finance greatly helps forecasting intra-day and daily price changes of a set of 100 highly capitalized US stocks traded in the period 2012-2013. Sentiment analysis or browsing activity when taken alone have very small or no predictive power. Conversely, when considering a news signal where in a given time interval we compute the average sentiment of the clicked news, weighted by the number of clicks, we show that for nearly 50% of the companies such signal Granger-causes hourly price returns. Our result indicates a "wisdom-of-the-crowd" effect that allows to exploit users' activity to identify and weigh properly the relevant and surprising news, enhancing considerably the forecasting power of the news sentiment.

  2. Scaling the effects of moose browsing on forage distribution, from the geometry of plant canopies to landscapes

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Jager, N. R.; Pastor, J.; Hodgson, A.L.

    2009-01-01

    Landscape heterogeneity influences large herbivores by altering their feeding rates, but as herbivores attempt to maximize feeding rates they also create spatial heterogeneity by altering plant growth. Herbivore feeding rates thus provide a quantitative link between the causes and consequences of spatial heterogeneity in herbivore-dominated ecosystems. The fractal geometry of plant canopies determines both the density and mass of twigs available to foraging herbivores. These properties determine a threshold distance between plants (d*) that distinguishes the mechanisms regulating herbivore intake rates. When d* is greater than the actual distance between plants (d), intake is regulated by the rate of food processing in the mouth. But when d* geometry due to past browsing could change the rate at which herbivores encounter and process bites of plant tissue, modify d* relative to d, and thus change intake rates and the distribution of mechanisms regulating it across landscapes. We measured changes in the geometry of aspen (Populus tremuloides) and balsam fir (Abies balsamea) saplings along gradients of moose browsing from 2001 to 2005 at Isle Royale National Park, Michigan, USA. For aspen saplings, fractal dimension of bite density, bite mass, and forage biomass responded quadratically to increasing moose browsing and were greatest at -3-4 g-g.m-2.yr"1 consumption. For balsam fir, in contrast, these same measures declined steadily with increasing moose browsing. The different responses of plant canopies to increased browsing altered d* around plants. In summer, d* > d for aspen saplings at all prior consumption levels. Food processing therefore regulated summer moose feeding rates across our landscapes. In winter, changes in bite mass due to past browsing were sufficient to cause d* geometry of plant canopies can determine intake rate at larger spatial scales by changing d* relative to d and, hence, which mechanisms determine intake rate, essentially altering how

  3. Concept Search

    OpenAIRE

    Giunchiglia, Fausto; Kharkevich, Uladzimir; Zaihrayeu, Ilya

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we present a novel approach, called Concept Search, which extends syntactic search, i.e., search based on the computation of string similarity between words, with semantic search, i.e., search based on the computation of semantic relations between concepts. The key idea of Concept Search is to operate on complex concepts and to maximally exploit the semantic information available, reducing to syntactic search only when necessary, i.e., when no semantic information is available. ...

  4. PARENT Quick Blind Round-Robin Test Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Braatz, Brett G. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Heasler, Patrick G. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Meyer, Ryan M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2014-09-30

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission has established the Program to Assess the Reliability of Emerging Nondestructive Techniques (PARENT) whose goal is to investigate the effectiveness of current and novel nondestructive examination procedures and techniques to find flaws in nickel-alloy welds and base materials. This is to be done by conducting a series of open and blind international round-robin tests on a set of piping components that include large-bore dissimilar metal welds, small-bore dissimilar metal welds, and bottom-mounted instrumentation penetration welds. The blind testing is being conducted in two segments, one is called Quick-Blind and the other is called Blind. The Quick-Blind testing and destructive analysis of the test blocks has been completed. This report describes the four Quick-Blind test blocks used, summarizes their destructive analysis, gives an overview of the nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques applied, provides an analysis inspection data, and presents the conclusions drawn.

  5. Evidence of Quick-Clay Deposit at Kangerlussuaq, West Greenland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingeman-Nielsen, Thomas; Kirkelund, Gunvor Marie; Jørgensen, Anders Stuhr;

    2010-01-01

    , the riverbank was eroded approximately 40 m inland over the course of the jökulhlaup, which lasted approximately one day. It is the first time such a quick clay formation has been observed very near surface in inhabited areas in Greenland. If such deposits are found to be more widespread, it could be very...... problematic for the future infrastructural development in the region. Here we present the results of recent research, including a study of mineralogy of the quick clay using SEM and XRD. We also discuss the effect of climate warming on permafrost thaw in the area....... than the liquid limit. The formation has been stabilized by the presence of permafrost in the area, but the combination of erosional energy supplied by the river and the sensitive properties of the material have resulted in quick thaw, destabilization and erosion of the formation. As an effect...

  6. Incidents when older homebound women tried to reach help quickly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Eileen J; Markham, Melinda Stafford; Ganong, Lawrence H

    2013-01-01

    During a longitudinal study of the experience of reaching help quickly, 34 homebound women (ages 85 to 97) who lived alone reported 106 reach-help-quickly incidents (RHQIs). The purpose of this study was to expand knowledge about RHQIs and intentions relative to them and to compare those facets of experience for subscribers to a personal emergency response system (PERS) and non-subscribers. We used a descriptive phenomenological method to analyze interview data, discerning six types of RHQIs, including finding myself down right here, realizing that I might not be alright after falling and getting up on my own, and realizing that something I cannot explain is or could be wrong with me. Intentions were focused on self-help before help seeking. The overall phenomenon was Handling a Situation When I Am Alone at Home and Probably Need Help Quickly. Practitioners should explore intentions about handling specific types of RHQIs and offer appropriate anticipatory guidance.

  7. Professional Microsoft search fast search, Sharepoint search, and search server

    CERN Document Server

    Bennett, Mark; Kehoe, Miles; Voskresenskaya, Natalya

    2010-01-01

    Use Microsoft's latest search-based technology-FAST search-to plan, customize, and deploy your search solutionFAST is Microsoft's latest intelligent search-based technology that boasts robustness and an ability to integrate business intelligence with Search. This in-depth guide provides you with advanced coverage on FAST search and shows you how to use it to plan, customize, and deploy your search solution, with an emphasis on SharePoint 2010 and Internet-based search solutions.With a particular appeal for anyone responsible for implementing and managing enterprise search, this book presents t

  8. Roe deer browsing effects on growth development of Turkey oak and chestnut coppices.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Cutini

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 14 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Over the last three decades wild ungulates populations in Italy increased to values ranging from 300% to 600%. As a consequence, in Italy as well as in other European countries, situations with high ungulate density and, then, negative effects on the stability and dynamics of ecosystems, are increasing frequently. Starting from these evidences we investigated the effects of roe deer population on the vegetative regeneration of two different broadleaved tree species: Turkey oak (Quercus cerris L. and chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill. coppice stands. In Alpe di Catenaia (Apennines – Central Italy, after coppicing in 2002, we chose six experimental areas where fenced (P and non-fenced (NP plots were established. Measurements were performed at the beginning of the study period and in winter 2008 in both P and NP plots. Diameter and    height of all sprouts were measured. Results showed a different impact of roe deer on the two species. After seven years chestnut did not show any significant browsing-related damage, while in Turkey oak heavy differences between protected and non-protected areas are present: in NP plots roe deer browsing has produced a significant reduction in basal area (58% and volume (57% compared to P plots. The results agree with previous studies and confirm: (a a selective browsing pressure on Turkey oak; (b the lasting effect of the early impact after clear cutting, visible even seven years after. Based on the findings, we discussed the need for an integrated management of forest vegetation and forest fauna which should define the density of ungulates not only according to the theoretical carrying capacity    of ecosystems, but also considering (i the preservation of the ecosystem overall functionality, (ii the forest structure development and (iii the forest management type. st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso

  9. Personalizing Image Search Results on Flickr

    CERN Document Server

    Lerman, Kristina; Wong, Chio

    2007-01-01

    The social media site Flickr allows users to upload their photos, annotate them with tags, submit them to groups, and also to form social networks by adding other users as contacts. Flickr offers multiple ways of browsing or searching it. One option is tag search, which returns all images tagged with a specific keyword. If the keyword is ambiguous, e.g., ``beetle'' could mean an insect or a car, tag search results will include many images that are not relevant to the sense the user had in mind when executing the query. We claim that users express their photography interests through the metadata they add in the form of contacts and image annotations. We show how to exploit this metadata to personalize search results for the user, thereby improving search performance. First, we show that we can significantly improve search precision by filtering tag search results by user's contacts or a larger social network that includes those contact's contacts. Secondly, we describe a probabilistic model that takes advantag...

  10. Quick Semi-quantitative Test for Lead in Processed Foods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. S. Premavalli

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available A simple, quick semi-quantitative test for the determination of lead metal in canned fruits,vegetables other than dehydrated onion, fish, and meat products, has been developed using theoptimised concentration of dithizone reagent under alkaline pH as the test solution, which onreaction with the sample solution gives green to blue to violet to red colour, depending on thelead concentration in the sample.  The quick test results were compared with atomic absorptionspectrophotometric analysis. A total of 80 samples were analysed and it was found that the leadcontent ranged from 0.001 ppm to 10.35 ppm in all the samples.

  11. The ActionScript 30 Quick Reference Guide

    CERN Document Server

    Stiller, David; deHaan, Jen; Richardson, Darren

    2008-01-01

    "No matter what your background, the pages that follow will provide you with some excellent knowledge, insight, and even a little bit of wisdom in the realm of Flash and ActionScript. Happy learning!"-- Branden Hall, from the ForewordWritten by Flash insiders with extensive knowledge of the technology, this guide is designed specifically to help Flash designers and developers make the leap from ActionScript 2.0 to the new object-oriented ActionScript 3.0 quickly and painlessly. Formatted so you can find any topic easily, ActionScript 3.0 Quick Reference Guide explains:Object-oriented programmi

  12. Quick Test for Evaluating Processed Food Quality (Short Communication)

    OpenAIRE

    C. R. Vasudish; T. K. Majumdar; Y.S. Sathyanarayana Swamy; Premavalli, K. S.; Bawa, A. S.

    2007-01-01

    Quick test for quality check of processed food will be handy for Defence Forces.  Aciditybeing one of the most important quality parameters, as per the ASC, BIS, PFA specifications,limits have been laid down as not to exceed 2 per cent in meat and fish products, 0.1 per centin cereal products, 1.25 per cent in ice cream powder, 1.5 per cent in milk powder, 0.3 per centin sweetened condensed milk, and 0.15 per cent in butter.  In the present study, a simple, quick,semi-quantitative test has be...

  13. Design for Quick Evaluating Platform of Servo System Status

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Huai-rong; NIU Ya-feng

    2006-01-01

    At present, the composite application platforms are seldom developed which can quickly evaluate the status and detect the faults of the major weapon equipment. According to the circumstances, the electro-hydraulic servo system is investigated, which is the very important component of the control system in the launch vehicle or missile. A quickly status evaluating technology for complex large equipment is researched. A composite application platform framework for the fault diagnosis and status evaluation of theservo system is devised. The result of the research can be extended to the application for other complex large equipment.

  14. Java Foundation Classes in a Nutshell Desktop Quick Reference

    CERN Document Server

    Flanagan, David

    1999-01-01

    Java Foundation Classes in a Nutshell is an indispensable quick reference for Java programmers who are writing applications that use graphics or graphical user interfaces. The author of the bestsellingJava in a Nutshell has written fast-paced introductions to the Java APIs that comprise the Java Foundation Classes (JFC), such as the Swing GUI components and Java 2D, so that you can start using these exciting new technologies right away. This book also includes O'Reilly's classic-style, quick-reference material for all of the classes in the javax.swing and java.awt packages and their numerous

  15. Quick answers to quantitative problems a pocket primer

    CERN Document Server

    Page, G William

    1991-01-01

    No matter the field, professionals need to respond quickly to quantitative problems as they arise and to develop a quick understanding of what the data mean. Whether you are an aide to a city council member trying to decipher the true meaning of a citizen opinion poll, a private consultant to the health department estimating the number of pregnant teenagers in a neighborhood, or the executive director of a small agency striving to present your budget facts precisely and clearly, the techniques presented here are helpful to you and your work.Key Features* Presents relatively simple techniques t

  16. Access to Library Collections: Summary of a Documentary and Opinion Survey on the Direct Shelf Approach and Browsing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyman, Richard J.

    1971-01-01

    The validity of the direct shelf approach as a concept for organizing library materials, with special reference to its component, browsing" is investigated by this survey. Findings implied policy recommendations for library management and library school curricula. (33 references) (Author/NH)

  17. Web-Browsing Competencies of Pre-Service Adult Facilitators: Implications for Curriculum Transformation and Distance Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theresa, Ofoegbu; Ugwu, Agboeze Matthias; Ihebuzoaju, Anyanwu Joy; Uche, Asogwa

    2013-01-01

    The study investigated the Web-browsing competencies of pre-service adult facilitators in the southeast geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Survey design was adopted for the study. The population consists of all pre-service adult facilitators in all the federal universities in the southeast geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Accidental sampling technique was…

  18. Context-Aware Browsing for Hyper-Local News Data (CABHLND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Yousef Ibrahim Daradkeh

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a new model for delivering hyper-local data to mobile subscribers. Our model uses any exiting or especially created Wi-Fi hot spot as presence sensor that can open access for some user-generated content. In our approach we can describe hyper local data as info snippets that are valid (relevant for mobile subscribers being at this moment nearby some Wi-Fi access point. And an appropriate mobile service (customized browser can discover that information to mobile users. Service builds on the fly dynamic web pages and lets mobile subscribers to browse hyper-local data only. As the possible use-cases we can mention for example delivering news and deals in malls, news feeds for office centers and campuses, Smart City projects, personal classifieds etc.

  19. Search Cloud

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: https://medlineplus.gov/cloud.html Search Cloud To use the sharing features on this page, ... Top 110 zoster vaccine Share the MedlinePlus search cloud with your users by embedding our search cloud ...

  20. Self-medication with tannin-rich browse in goats infected with gastro-intestinal nematodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amit, M; Cohen, I; Marcovics, A; Muklada, H; Glasser, T A; Ungar, E D; Landau, S Y

    2013-12-01

    Primates self-medicate to alleviate symptoms caused by gastro-intestinal nematodes (GIN) by consuming plants that contain secondary compounds. Would goats display the same dietary acumen? Circumstantial evidence suggests they could: goats in Mediterranean rangelands containing a shrub - Pistacia lentiscus - with known anthelmintic properties consume significant amounts of the shrub, particularly in the fall when the probability of being infected with GIN is greatest, even though its tannins impair protein metabolism and deter herbivory. In order to test rigorously the self-medication hypothesis in goats, we conducted a controlled study using 21 GIN-infected and 23 non-infected goats exposed to browse foliage from P. lentiscus, another browse species - Phillyrea latifolia, or hay during the build-up of infection. GIN-infected goats showed clear symptoms of infection, which was alleviated by P. lentiscus foliage but ingesting P. lentiscus had a detrimental effect on protein metabolism in the absence of disease. When given a choice between P. lentiscus and hay, infected goats of the Mamber breed showed higher preference for P. lentiscus than non-infected counterparts, in particular if they had been exposed to Phillyrea latifolia before. This was not found in Damascus goats. Damascus goats, which exhibit higher propensity to consume P. lentiscus may use it as a drug prophylactically, whereas Mamber goats, which are more reluctant to ingest it, select P. lentiscus foliage therapeutically. These results hint at subtle trade-offs between the roles of P. lentiscus as a food, a toxin and a medicine. This is the first evidence of self-medication in goats under controlled conditions. Endorsing the concept of self-medication could greatly modify the current paradigm of veterinary parasitology whereby man decides when and how to treat GIN-infected animals, and result in transferring this decision to the animals themselves. PMID:24140164

  1. Feeding characteristics reveal functional distinctions among browsing herbivorous fishes on coral reefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Streit, Robert P.; Hoey, Andrew S.; Bellwood, David R.

    2015-12-01

    The removal of macroalgal biomass by fishes is a key process on coral reefs. Numerous studies have identified the fish species responsible for removing mature macroalgae, and have identified how this varies spatially, temporally, and among different algal types. None, however, have considered the behavioural and morphological traits of the browsing fishes and how this may influence the removal of macroalgal material. Using video observations of fish feeding on the brown macroalga Sargassum polycystum, we quantified the feeding behaviour and morphology of the four dominant browsing species on the Great Barrier Reef ( Kyphosus vaigiensis, Naso unicornis, Siganus canaliculatus, and Siganus doliatus). The greatest distinction between species was the algal material they targeted. K. vaigiensis and N. unicornis bit on the entire macroalgal thallus in approximately 90 % of bites. In contrast, Si. canaliculatus and Si. doliatus avoided biting the stalks, with 80-98 % of bites being on the macroalgal leaves only. This distinctive grouping into `entire thallus-biters' versus `leaf-biters' was not supported by size-standardized measures of biting morphology. Rather, species-specific adult body sizes, tooth shape, and feeding behaviour appear to underpin this functional distinction, with adults of the two larger fish species ( N. unicornis and K. vaigiensis) eating the entire macroalgal thallus, while the two smaller species ( Si. canaliculatus and Si. doliatus) bite only leaves. These findings caution against assumed homogeneity within this, and potentially other, functional groups on coral reefs. As functional redundancy within the macroalgal browsers is limited, the smaller `leaf-biting' species are unlikely to be able to compensate functionally for the loss of larger `entire thallus-biting' species.

  2. Object tracking and creation of linking information for distributed movie-based web-browsing system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiraiwa, Atsunobu; Fuse, Keisuke; Komatsu, Naohisa; Komiya, Kazumi; Ikeda, Hiroaki

    1998-12-01

    This paper proposes a new approach to automatically extract an accurate object from video streams. The new approach provides a useful tool creating linking information for a distributed movie-based Web-browsing system, and consists of a skip- labeling algorithm for feature-based segmentation, and a shrink-merge tracking algorithm for tracking an object. This skip-labeling algorithm can be used to segment an image into integrated regions of the same feature. The segmented regions belong to such a texture area as waves or forest. The shrink- merge tracking algorithm is executed, based on the time continuity of moving-objects, using morphological image processing, such as dilation and erosion. The dilation and erosion are repeatedly executed using the projection processing in which the object area in a next frame is derived from the object area in a current frame. The shrink-merge tracking algorithm can also project the area of a rotating- object in a current frame on the rotating-object containing the newly appearing regions in the next frame. The newly automated object extraction method works satisfactorily for the objects which move non-linearly within the video streams including MPEG and Motion JPEG, and works satisfactorily in approximately 450 frames, each with a full frame size of 704 X 480 pixels at video frame rate of 30 fps. This paper finally demonstrates that object-based linking information for a movie-based Web-browsing system contains information of objects obtained by the fully automated extraction from video- streams.

  3. Chemical composition and digestibility of some browse plant species collected from Algerian arid rangelands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boufennara, S.; Lopez, S.; Boussebouna, H.; Bodas, R.; Bouazza, L.

    2012-11-01

    Many wild browse and bush species are undervalued mainly because of insufficient knowledge about their potential feeding value. The objective was to evaluate some nutritional attributes of various Algerian browse and shub species (Atriplex halimus, Artemisia campestris, Artemisia herba-alba, Astragalus gombiformis, Calobota saharae, Retama raetam, Stipagrostis pungens, Lygeum spartum and Stipa tenacissima). Chemical composition, phenols and tannins concentration, in vitro digestibility, in vitro gas production kinetics and in vitro bio-assay for assessment of tannins using buffered rumen fluid, and in situ disappearence of the edible parts of the plants (leaves, thin twigs and flowers) were determined. In general, protein content in dicotyledon species was always greater than in monocotyledon grasses, these showing higher neutral and acid detergent fibre and lower lignin contents than dicots. The tannin concentrations varied considerably between species, but in general the plants investigated in this study had low tannin contents (except for Artemisia spp. and S. tenacissima). Monocots showed lower in vitro and in situ digestibilities, fermentation rate, cumulative gas production and extent of degradation than dicot species. The plants were clustered by principal components analysis in two groups: poor-quality grasses and the most digestible dicot species. Chemical composition (neutral detergent fibre and protein) and digestibility were the main influential variables determining the ranking. In conclusion, A. halimus, A. campestris, A. herba-alba and A. gombiformis can be considered of greater nutritional value than the highly fibrous and low digestible grasses (S. pungens, L. spartum and S. tenacissima) that should be considered emergency roughages. (Author) 46 refs.

  4. Language Smarts: Quick Word Activities. Book B-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiseman, Randy

    This workbook offers a variety of quick language activities that develop grade 4-6 students' associative-reasoning and problem-solving skills. The activities in the workbook cover vocabulary development, classifying, sequencing, following directions, and word recognition. Sections of the workbook are Categories; Ordering; Missing Vowels; Think…

  5. A quick scan on possibilities for automatic metadata generation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Benneker, Frank

    2006-01-01

    The Quick Scan is a report on research into useable solutions for automatic generation of metadata or parts of metadata. The aim of this study is to explore possibilities for facilitating the process of attaching metadata to learning objects. This document is aimed at developers of digital learning

  6. Modular Building Supplement: A Quick, Quality Solution for Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodmiller, Brian D.; Schendell, Derek G.

    2003-01-01

    This supplement presents three articles on modular construction that look at: "Fast Track Expansion for a New Jersey School" (involving a modular addition); "Precast Construction Helps Schools Meet Attendance Boom" (precast concrete components are quick, durable, and flexible); and "Airing HVAC Concerns" (poor indoor air quality in prefabricated…

  7. A Learning Environment for English Vocabulary Using Quick Response Codes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arikan, Yuksel Deniz; Ozen, Sevil Orhan

    2015-01-01

    This study focuses on the process of developing a learning environment that uses tablets and Quick Response (QR) codes to enhance participants' English language vocabulary knowledge. The author employed the concurrent triangulation strategy, a mixed research design. The study was conducted at a private school in Izmir, Turkey during the 2012-2013…

  8. Quick cut-elimination for strictly positive cuts

    CERN Document Server

    Arai, Toshiyasu

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we show that the intuitionistic theory $\\textyen widehat{ID}^{i}_{<\\textyen ome}(SP)$ for finitely many iterations of strictly positive operators is a conservative extension of the Heyting arithmetic. The proof is inspired by the quick cut-elimination due to G. Mints. This technique is also applied to fragments of Heyting arithmetic.

  9. Quick cut-elimination for strictly positive cuts

    OpenAIRE

    Arai, Toshiyasu

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we show that the intuitionistic theory for finitely many iterations of strictly positive operators is a conservative extension of the Heyting arithmetic. The proof is inspired by the quick cut-elimination due to G. Mints. This technique is also applied to fragments of Heyting arithmetic.

  10. The Wise Fool Djuha – a Quick Sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Grigore

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper entitled The wise fool Djuha – a quick sketch presents the origin of the very known hero of Arabic folk literature, Djuha, the features of his personality, his travel to the all cultures of the world, his relation with another character, the Turk Nasreddin Hodja, and his adaptation to the problems of the contemporary world.

  11. A Quick-Test for Biochar Effects on Seed Germination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biochar is being globally evaluated as a soil amendment to improve soil characteristics (e.g. soil water holding, nutrient exchange, microbiology, pesticides and chemical availability) to increase crop yields. Unfortunately, there are no quick tests to determine what biochar type...

  12. Effectiveness of fencing and hunting to control Lama guanicoe browsing damage: Implications for Nothofagus pumilio regeneration in harvested forests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez Pastur, Guillermo; Soler, Rosina; Ivancich, Horacio; Lencinas, María V; Bahamonde, Héctor; Peri, Pablo L

    2016-03-01

    Browsing damage by native ungulates is often to be considered one of the reasons of regeneration failure in Nothofagus pumilio silvicultural systems. Fencing and hunting in forests at regeneration phase have been proposed to mitigate browsing effects. This study aims to determine effectiveness of these control methods in harvested forests, evaluating browsing damage over regeneration, as well as climate-related constraints (freezing or desiccation). Forest structure and regeneration plots were established in two exclosures against native ungulates (Lama guanicoe) by wire fences in the Chilean portion of Tierra del Fuego island, where tree regeneration density, growth, abiotic damage and quality (multi-stems and base/stem deformation) were assessed. Exclosures did not influence regeneration density (at the initial stage with 1.3 m high). However, sapling height at 10-years old was significantly lower outside (40-50 cm high) than inside exclosures (80-100 cm), and also increased their annual height growth, probably as a hunting effect. Likewise, quality was better inside exclosures. Alongside browsing, abiotic conditions negatively influenced sapling quality in the regeneration phase (20%-28% of all seedlings), but greatly to taller plants (as those from inside exclosure). This highlights the importance of considering climatic factors when analysing browsing effects. For best results, control of guanaco in recently harvested areas by fencing should be applied in combination with a reduction of guanaco density through continuous hunting. The benefits of mitigation actions (fencing and hunting) on regeneration growth may shorten the regeneration phase period in shelterwood cutting forests (30-50% less time), but incremental costs must be analysed in the framework of management planning by means of long-term studies. PMID:26708647

  13. Effectiveness of fencing and hunting to control Lama guanicoe browsing damage: Implications for Nothofagus pumilio regeneration in harvested forests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez Pastur, Guillermo; Soler, Rosina; Ivancich, Horacio; Lencinas, María V; Bahamonde, Héctor; Peri, Pablo L

    2016-03-01

    Browsing damage by native ungulates is often to be considered one of the reasons of regeneration failure in Nothofagus pumilio silvicultural systems. Fencing and hunting in forests at regeneration phase have been proposed to mitigate browsing effects. This study aims to determine effectiveness of these control methods in harvested forests, evaluating browsing damage over regeneration, as well as climate-related constraints (freezing or desiccation). Forest structure and regeneration plots were established in two exclosures against native ungulates (Lama guanicoe) by wire fences in the Chilean portion of Tierra del Fuego island, where tree regeneration density, growth, abiotic damage and quality (multi-stems and base/stem deformation) were assessed. Exclosures did not influence regeneration density (at the initial stage with 1.3 m high). However, sapling height at 10-years old was significantly lower outside (40-50 cm high) than inside exclosures (80-100 cm), and also increased their annual height growth, probably as a hunting effect. Likewise, quality was better inside exclosures. Alongside browsing, abiotic conditions negatively influenced sapling quality in the regeneration phase (20%-28% of all seedlings), but greatly to taller plants (as those from inside exclosure). This highlights the importance of considering climatic factors when analysing browsing effects. For best results, control of guanaco in recently harvested areas by fencing should be applied in combination with a reduction of guanaco density through continuous hunting. The benefits of mitigation actions (fencing and hunting) on regeneration growth may shorten the regeneration phase period in shelterwood cutting forests (30-50% less time), but incremental costs must be analysed in the framework of management planning by means of long-term studies.

  14. Impact of wildfires on browse availability in the semi-arid thornveld of South-eastern Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Mwembe

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed at investigating the impact of wild fires on browse availability on a thornveld vegetation woody plant community through its effects on woody plant structure and composition. Data was collected from four randomly selected paddocks at Mahiye a thornveld farm affected by annual wildfire outbreaks since 2000. A Point Centre Quarter technique on line transects was used to collect the data. Records taken from the nearest woody plant (≥ 0.3 m in each quarter was the woody species name, circumference at 30 cm height from the ground and distance from the point to that woody plant. Fifteen woody plant species were present in the study area with Acacia species being the most dominant. Out of the six hundred woody plants sampled, Acacia nilotica contributed 65%, Acacia karoo 10.8% and Acacia robusta 10.7% with the remainder contributed by the other twelve woody plants. A Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test could not find provides sufficient evidence that the woody plant community structure was homogenous. The height and the diameter structure had a significant variation (P < 0.05 due to the presence of tall and large woody plants (height < 6m and diameter < 12 cm within the community. Nevertheless, the Lorenz curves depicted less inequality in the height and diameter distribution within the farm (Gini coefficient 0.242 and 0.266 respectively indicating dominance of a cohort. More than 75% of the recorded stems are greater than 2.4 m high and had a diameter of greater than 8 cm. According to the results, the plant community had high quality browse species but the dominant size compromised accessibility of the browse. Therefore, frequent wildfires reduce browse availability in thornveld rangelands. Further research is required to unveil the amount of unavailable browse.

  15. 基于序列模式的用户浏览行为提取与分析%User Browsing Behavior Extraction and Analysis Based on Sequence Pattern

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    车高营; 张磊; 张禄旭

    2012-01-01

    当今互联网所提供的功能和服务越来越多,Web内容也越来越丰富,移动应用越来越流行.然而,复杂的Web服务应用对用户提出了更高的要求,给用户浏览带来了很多问题,很多时候用户会感到无所适从.文中提出基于用户浏览序列模式的用户行为提取与分析方法.该方法可以分为浏览模式分析和用户聚类两部分.在浏览模式分析时,首先根据用户行为数据得到浏览序列,然后运用序列模式挖掘PrefixSpan算法获取用户习惯的浏览模式,最后把分析获取的用户浏览模式应用到Web浏览中,为不同的用户需求提供个性化的服务.在用户聚类时,运用层次聚类方法按照浏览模式的相似性对用户进行聚类,以分析用户的不同属性(如年龄、职业、学历等)对用户浏览模式的影响.实验结果表明,文中采用的PrefixSpan算法和层次聚类方法在用户浏览模式分析和研究方面具有很好的可行性和有效性.%Nowadays,internet provides more and more application and services,there are more and more contents on Web,and mobile applications develop more and more quickly. Meanwhile, the more sophisticated Web services applications need higher quality of users. Many times some users may feel confused in those Web services. It presents the sequence based on user access patterns for user behavior extraction and analysis methods. The method can be divided into two parts of the browse mode analysis and user clustering. For browse mode analysis,first based on user behavior data get navigation sequence;Then the sequential pattern mining algorithm,so-called PrefixS-pan, is used in getting user browsing pattern;Finally applies user browsing pattern to Web services,and provides personalized services to different users. For user clustering,a hierarchical clustering method is used for splitting user into different categories. The impact of different attributes of user (such as age

  16. Covert anti-compensatory quick eye movements during head impulses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Heuberger

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Catch-up saccades during passive head movements, which compensate for a deficient vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR, are a well-known phenomenon. These quick eye movements are directed toward the target in the opposite direction of the head movement. Recently, quick eye movements in the direction of the head movement (covert anti-compensatory quick eye movements, CAQEM were observed in older individuals. Here, we characterize these quick eye movements, their pathophysiology, and clinical relevance during head impulse testing (HIT. METHODS: Video head impulse test data from 266 patients of a tertiary vertigo center were retrospectively analyzed. Forty-three of these patients had been diagnosed with vestibular migraine, and 35 with Menière's disease. RESULTS: CAQEM occurred in 38% of the patients. The mean CAQEM occurrence rate (per HIT trial was 11±10% (mean±SD. Latency was 83±30 ms. CAQEM followed the saccade main sequence characteristics and were compensated by catch-up saccades in the opposite direction. Compensatory saccades did not lead to more false pathological clinical head impulse test assessments (specificity with CAQEM: 87%, and without: 85%. CAQEM on one side were associated with a lower VOR gain on the contralateral side (p<0.004 and helped distinguish Menière's disease from vestibular migraine (p = 0.01. CONCLUSION: CAQEM are a common phenomenon, most likely caused by a saccadic/quick phase mechanism due to gain asymmetries. They could help differentiate two of the most common causes of recurrent vertigo: vestibular migraine and Menière's disease.

  17. Mathematical programming solver based on local search

    CERN Document Server

    Gardi, Frédéric; Darlay, Julien; Estellon, Bertrand; Megel, Romain

    2014-01-01

    This book covers local search for combinatorial optimization and its extension to mixed-variable optimization. Although not yet understood from the theoretical point of view, local search is the paradigm of choice for tackling large-scale real-life optimization problems. Today's end-users demand interactivity with decision support systems. For optimization software, this means obtaining good-quality solutions quickly. Fast iterative improvement methods, like local search, are suited to satisfying such needs. Here the authors show local search in a new light, in particular presenting a new kind of mathematical programming solver, namely LocalSolver, based on neighborhood search. First, an iconoclast methodology is presented to design and engineer local search algorithms. The authors' concern about industrializing local search approaches is of particular interest for practitioners. This methodology is applied to solve two industrial problems with high economic stakes. Software based on local search induces ex...

  18. Search Patterns

    CERN Document Server

    Morville, Peter

    2010-01-01

    What people are saying about Search Patterns "Search Patterns is a delight to read -- very thoughtful and thought provoking. It's the most comprehensive survey of designing effective search experiences I've seen." --Irene Au, Director of User Experience, Google "I love this book! Thanks to Peter and Jeffery, I now know that search (yes, boring old yucky who cares search) is one of the coolest ways around of looking at the world." --Dan Roam, author, The Back of the Napkin (Portfolio Hardcover) "Search Patterns is a playful guide to the practical concerns of search interface design. It cont

  19. The behavior of multilayer ceramic protections at quick thermal shock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru MIHAILESCU

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Protective layers of “hot parts” of the turbo engines as well as co-generative systems of energy industry are exposed to a combination of wear factors which may act together at high values.The main goal of the paper is the behavior of some advanced layers, duplex and triplex, multifunctional, ceramics in relation to the most complex wear factor and disturbing as well, the quick thermal shock.The quick thermal shock test installation designed and constructed by the INCAS covers the domain of some high gradients of heating/cooling and is currently integrated in a network of European infrastructure that evaluates the properties of functional layers for turbo engines.Micro-structure inter- and intra- facial changes gradually induced in ceramic structures are highlighted and on this basis their ranking and selection for application on physical parts are established.

  20. Drive of especially quick-acting valve for nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The quick-acting valve drive consists of two branches coupled via a control joint, with their outer ends fitted in fixing joints. The active end of a flexible control element is connected to the control joint. In normal operation, the valve piston is in the terminal position. The flexible element is compressed and retained in the position by air pressure. If the valve is to be closed, compressed air is supplied in a control cylinder from the other side. In the event of air supply failure, the compressed air kept in the valve body can be used for several settings. When the supply is exhausted, the flexible element can be used for emergency valve closing. The device allows achieving high control forces of quick-acting valves in emergencies while keeping down the size of the device and featuring low consumption of compressed air at normal operation. (J.B.). 3 figs

  1. Rapid Construction of Recombinant Plasmids by QuickStep-Cloning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jajesniak, Pawel; Wong, Tuck Seng

    2017-01-01

    QuickStep-Cloning is a novel molecular cloning technique that builds upon the concepts of asymmetric PCR and megaprimer-based amplification of whole plasmid. It was designed specifically to address the major drawbacks of previously reported cloning methods. The fully optimized protocol allows for a seamless integration of a long DNA fragment into any position within a plasmid of choice, in a time-efficient and cost-effective manner, without the need of a tedious DNA gel purification, a restriction digestion, and an enzymatic ligation. QuickStep-Cloning can be completed in less than 6 h, significantly faster than most of the existing cloning methods, while retaining high efficiency. PMID:27671943

  2. Quick Web Services Lookup Model Based on Hierarchical Registration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢山; 朱国进; 陈家训

    2003-01-01

    Quick Web Services Lookup (Q-WSL) is a new model to registration and lookup of complex services in the Internet. The model is designed to quickly find complex Web services by using hierarchical registration method. The basic concepts of Web services system are introduced and presented, and then the method of hierarchical registration of services is described. In particular, service query document description and service lookup procedure are concentrated, and it addresses how to lookup these services which are registered in the Web services system. Furthermore, an example design and an evaluation of its performance are presented.Specifically, it shows that the using of attributionbased service query document design and contentbased hierarchical registration in Q-WSL allows service requesters to discover needed services more flexibly and rapidly. It is confirmed that Q-WSL is very suitable for Web services system.

  3. A Novel Search Engine to trace Medical Information Needs using Medical Domain Ontology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Revati

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Information retrieval in medical domain is now sharing major part of the web search. Now a day’s most of the people especially adults are browsing health care and medical information at their homes using internet. Medical Information Retrieval System (MIRS through search engines providing positive information to the user based on the fixed questionnaires. In this paper we build a model for naïve users, who are having minimal knowledge to feedback the system by opting listed relevant questionnaire. Along with the framework, we also built an Intelligent Medical Search Engine (IMSE for searching medical information on World Wide Web (WC3. The implementation setup of IMSE uses medical Ontology and questionnaire to facilitate naive internet users to search for medical information. IMSE introduces and extends expert system technology into the search engine domain. IMSE uses several key techniques to improve its usability and search result quality.

  4. QuickJoin—Fast Neighbour-Joining Tree Reconstruction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mailund; Pedersen, Christian N. Storm

    2004-01-01

    We have built a tool for fast construction of very large phylogenetic trees. The tool uses heuristics for speeding up the neighbour-joining algorithm—while still constructing the same tree as the original neighbour-joining algorithm—making it possible to construct trees for ~8000 species in less...... than ten minutes on a single desktop PC. In comparison, the same task takes more than 30 minutes using the QuickTree neighbour-joining implementation....

  5. Delaying Modified QUICK Scheme and its Application in Slug Flow

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Yuan-Wei; HE An-Ding; WANG Yue-She; ZHOU Fang-De

    2001-01-01

    Calculations of several classic questions in numerical heat transfer with delaying modified QUICKscheme show good agreement with benchmark. Combining volume of fluid model with the well known SIMPLEC method, the reasonable Taylor bubble shape has been obtained by using delaying modified QUICK scheme and donoracceptor scheme of inteffacial advection respectively. At the same time the stream field and the liquid film thickness around the Taylor bubble have been well figured out.

  6. A New Method to Quickly Assess the Inhibitor Efficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GENG Chunlei; XU Yongmo; WENG Duan

    2008-01-01

    A new method to quickly assess the efficiency of corrosion inhibitor was developed by electrically accelerating chloride ions diffusing onto the surface of the embedded steel bar in concrete and inducing corrosion.Potentiodynamic polarization scanning and linear polarization method were used to evaluate the corrosion states which were compared with the direct observation of the bar surface by breaking the sample.The test duration was about two days and the results clearly show the differences in efficiency of the inhibitors tested.

  7. [Importance of Quick, partial thromboplastin time, and Co].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegert, G

    2014-05-01

    The Quick test and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) are so-called global assays used to characterize different steps in plasmatic hemostasis. They reflect hemostasis in its classical differentiation into extrinsic and intrinsic pathways. However, they do not cover physiological aspects of cell-based hemostasis. Results are not necessarily congruent with a specific clinical situation and do not replace a complete medical history. Patients suffering from hemophilia A or B, for example, have normal Quick test results. Severe factor XII deficiency reveals an extreme aPTT prolongation without a significant bleeding tendency. In Lupus patients, aPTT is also prolonged with clinically a rather increased thrombotic risk. Fibrinogen as a substrate of coagulation discloses pathological results in both global tests in case of considerable reduction. In case of positive bleeding history and a normal global assay, disorders in platelets, von Willebrand factor and factor XIII must be considered. Reduced Quick test results may be expected in factor VII, II, V, or X deficiency. Disorders of liver synthesis of coagulation factors as well as vitamin K deficiency will be indicated by the Quick test rather than by aPTT. The most frequent hereditary reasons for a prolonged aPTT are hemophilia A and B as well as von Willebrand disease. In case of an acquired bleeding tendency, the diagnostic strategy must include autoantibodies. The sensitivity of the aPTT reagent varies widely. Low-molecular weight heparin and pentasaccharides do not influence the test. Oral direct inhibitors may reveal pathological results in a reagent-dependent manner. PMID:24781934

  8. The NeQuick model genesis, uses and evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro M. Radicella

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available

    The genesis and evolution of the NeQuick model is reviewed from the initial ionospheric efforts made in the

    framework of the European COST actions on ionospheric issues to the last version of the model (NeQuick 2.

    Attention is given to the uses of the model particularly by the European satellite navigation and positioning systems

    EGNOS and GALILEO. Recent assessment studies on the performance of NeQuick 2 are also reviewed.


  9. Implementation of a Firefox extension for measuring the user privacy risk in web search

    OpenAIRE

    Estrada Jiménez, José Antonio; Rodríguez Hoyos, Ana Fernanda

    2013-01-01

    [ANGLÈS] At the present time, user activities on Internet are permanently monitored, and the information obtained from this process is pretty useful for big advertising companies and especially for governments. The user information that external agents collect could be: search queries, clicks, text from visited web sites and even the time that users spend on browsing some sites. These data are processed in order to build user profiles that are later used to customize services. Additionally, t...

  10. 2004 progress report : Effects of ungulate browsing on post-fire recovery of riparian cottonwoods : Implications for management of riparian forests, Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge, Wyoming

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Browsing pressure by ungulates may limit natural establishment of native cottonwood and willow stands, and fires, which have become more frequent on riparian lands...

  11. Ungulate browsing causes species loss in deciduous forests independent of community dynamics and silvicultural management in Central and Southeastern Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.D. Schulze

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Grid-based inventories of 1,924 deciduous forests plots in Germany and 4,775 in Romania were used to investigate tree species composition as affected by browsing and grazing under different forest management (rotation forestry, selectively cut forest, protected forest. At regional scale, the loss of tree species in the dominant layer was between 52 to 67% in Germany and of 10 to 30% in Romania, with largest effects in protected nature reserves in Germany. At plot level, only 50% (Germany to 54% (Romania of canopy species were found in the regeneration layer with a height of 1.5 m. Browsing was influenced by the proportion of Fagus in the regenerating trees in Germany, and by stand density, basal area, and management in both regions. Structural equation modeling explained 11 to 26% of the variance in species loss based on the fresh loss of the terminal bud in the winter prior to the inventory work (one season browsing. Browsing (and grazing in Romania is shown to be a significant cause of species loss across both countries and all management types. Potential cascading effects on other organisms of deciduous forest ecosystems are discussed. We conclude that the present hunting practices that support overabundant ungulate populations constitute a major threat to the biodiversity of deciduous forests in Germany and Romania and to other places with similar ungulate management, and that changes my only be possible by modernizing the legal framework of hunting.

  12. The use of interactive graphical maps for browsing medical/health Internet information resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boulos Maged

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract As online information portals accumulate metadata descriptions of Web resources, it becomes necessary to develop effective ways for visualising and navigating the resultant huge metadata repositories as well as the different semantic relationships and attributes of described Web resources. Graphical maps provide a good method to visualise, understand and navigate a world that is too large and complex to be seen directly like the Web. Several examples of maps designed as a navigational aid for Web resources are presented in this review with an emphasis on maps of medical and health-related resources. The latter include HealthCyberMap maps http://healthcybermap.semanticweb.org/, which can be classified as conceptual information space maps, and the very abstract and geometric Visual Net maps of PubMed http://map.net (for demos. Information resources can be also organised and navigated based on their geographic attributes. Some of the maps presented in this review use a Kohonen Self-Organising Map algorithm, and only HealthCyberMap uses a Geographic Information System to classify Web resource data and render the maps. Maps based on familiar metaphors taken from users' everyday life are much easier to understand. Associative and pictorial map icons that enable instant recognition and comprehension are preferred to geometric ones and are key to successful maps for browsing medical/health Internet information resources.

  13. Using Globe Browsing Systems in Planetariums to Take Audiences to Other Worlds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmart, C. B.

    2014-12-01

    For the last decade planetariums have been adding capability of "full dome video" systems for both movie playback and interactive display. True scientific data visualization has now come to planetarium audiences as a means to display the actual three dimensional layout of the universe, the time based array of planets, minor bodies and spacecraft across the solar system, and now globe browsing systems to examine planetary bodies to the limits of resolutions acquired. Additionally, such planetarium facilities can be networked for simultaneous display across the world for wider audience and reach to authoritative scientist description and commentary. Data repositories such as NASA's Lunar Mapping and Modeling Project (LMMP), NASA GSFC's LANCE-MODIS, and others conforming to the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard of Web Map Server (WMS) protocols make geospatial data available for a growing number of dome supporting globe visualization systems. The immersive surround graphics of full dome video replicates our visual system creating authentic virtual scenes effectively placing audiences on location in some cases to other worlds only mapped robotically.

  14. Fire drives transcontinental variation in tree birch defense against browsing by snowshoe hares.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, John P; Clausen, Thomas P; Swihart, Robert K; Landhäusser, Simon M; Stevens, Michael T; Hawkins, Christopher D B; Carrière, Suzanne; Kirilenko, Andrei P; Veitch, Alasdair M; Popko, Richard A; Cleland, David T; Williams, Joseph H; Jakubas, Walter J; Carlson, Michael R; Bodony, Karin Lehmkuhl; Cebrian, Merben; Paragi, Thomas F; Picone, Peter M; Moore, Jeffrey E; Packee, Edmond C; Malone, Thomas

    2009-07-01

    Fire has been the dominant disturbance in boreal America since the Pleistocene, resulting in a spatial mosaic in which the most fire occurs in the continental northwest. Spatial variation in snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus) density reflects the fire mosaic. Because fire initiates secondary forest succession, a fire mosaic creates variation in the abundance of early successional plants that snowshoe hares eat in winter, leading to geographic variation in hare density. We hypothesize that fire is the template for a geographic mosaic of natural selection: where fire is greatest and hares are most abundant, hare browsing has most strongly selected juvenile-phase woody plants for defense. We tested the hypothesis at multiple spatial scales using Alaska birch (Betula neoalaskana) and white birch (Betula papyrifera). We also examined five alternative hypotheses for geographic variation in antibrowsing defense. The fire-hare-defense hypothesis was supported at transcontinental, regional, and local scales; alternative hypotheses were rejected. Our results link transcontinental variation in species interactions to an abiotic environmental driver, fire. Intakes of defense toxins by Alaskan hares exceed those by Wisconsin hares, suggesting that the proposed selection mosaic may coincide with a geographic mosaic of coevolution. PMID:19422319

  15. Your browsing behavior for a Big Mac: Economics of Personal Information Online

    CERN Document Server

    Carrascal, Juan Pablo; Erramilli, Vijay; Cherubini, Mauro; de Oliveira, Rodrigo

    2011-01-01

    Most online services (Google, Facebook etc.) operate by providing a service to users for free, and in return they collect and monetize personal information (PI) of the users. This operational model is inherently economic, as the "good" being traded and monetized is PI. This model is coming under increased scrutiny as online services are moving to capture more PI of users, raising serious privacy concerns. However, little is known on how users valuate different types of PI while being online, as well as the perceptions of users with regards to exploitation of their PI by online service providers. In this paper, we study how users valuate different types of PI while being online, while capturing the context by relying on Experience Sampling. We were able to extract the monetary value that 168 participants put on different pieces of PI. We find that users value their PI related to their offline identities more (3 times) than their browsing behavior. Users also value information pertaining to financial transactio...

  16. Summary Report for the SINBAD Search Tool Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cunha Da Silva, Alice [ORNL

    2012-06-01

    The Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive Database (SINBAD) Search Tool has been developed to serve as an interface with the SINBAD database to facilitate a simple and quick means of searching for information related to experimental benchmark problems. The Search Tool is written in Java and provides a better and efficient way to retrieve information from the SINBAD database. Searches can be performed quickly and easily. With regard to improvements, users are no longer required to know the name of the benchmarks to search the database. Instead, a search can be performed by specifying the experimental facility, constituents of the experimental benchmark, etc. In summary, a new powerful database search tool has been developed for SINBAD.

  17. A Scalable Video Search Engine Based on Audio Content Indexing and Topic Segmentation

    CERN Document Server

    Lawto, Julien; Lamel, Lori; Grefenstete, Gregory; Gravier, Guillaume; Despres, Julien; Guinaudeau, Camille; Sébillot, Pascale

    2011-01-01

    One important class of online videos is that of news broadcasts. Most news organisations provide near-immediate access to topical news broadcasts over the Internet, through RSS streams or podcasts. Until lately, technology has not made it possible for a user to automatically go to the smaller parts, within a longer broadcast, that might interest them. Recent advances in both speech recognition systems and natural language processing have led to a number of robust tools that allow us to provide users with quicker, more focussed access to relevant segments of one or more news broadcast videos. Here we present our new interface for browsing or searching news broadcasts (video/audio) that exploits these new language processing tools to (i) provide immediate access to topical passages within news broadcasts, (ii) browse news broadcasts by events as well as by people, places and organisations, (iii) perform cross lingual search of news broadcasts, (iv) search for news through a map interface, (v) browse news by tre...

  18. Personalized Search

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(SzGeCERN)749939

    2015-01-01

    As the volume of electronically available information grows, relevant items become harder to find. This work presents an approach to personalizing search results in scientific publication databases. This work focuses on re-ranking search results from existing search engines like Solr or ElasticSearch. This work also includes the development of Obelix, a new recommendation system used to re-rank search results. The project was proposed and performed at CERN, using the scientific publications available on the CERN Document Server (CDS). This work experiments with re-ranking using offline and online evaluation of users and documents in CDS. The experiments conclude that the personalized search result outperform both latest first and word similarity in terms of click position in the search result for global search in CDS.

  19. On Organizing Quick Change-Over Mass Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrushin, S. I.; Gubaidulina, R. H.; Gruby, S. V.; Nosirsoda, Sh C.

    2016-04-01

    The terms "type of production" and "coefficient of assigning operations" are analyzed. A new method of calculating the optimum production plan based on profit projections is suggested. We recommend using the cycle time values as initial data for designing and developing technology. On the basis of existing techniques used to convert productions we suggest a new approach to production change-over with the service life of manufacturing facilities equal to the time to product’s obsolescence. The factors to maximize profits using this change-over method are indicated, with maximum profits being a condition for the organization of quick change-change mass production.

  20. Quick Evaluation of the Annual Heliostat Field Efficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collado, F. J.; Monne, C.; Garcia, M.

    2006-07-01

    The recent world wide interest in solar tower power justifies the presentation of a simplified model which allows quick evaluations of the annual energy collected by a surrounding heliostat field. The model is the combination of an analytical model of the flux density produced by a heliostat from Zaragoza University and a optimized mirror density distribution developed by Houston University. The abilities of the combined model are successfully compared against the limited open data about the project Solar Tres. However, the density model should be refined in some aspects and shadowing and blocking should be reviewed in depth using discrete distributions. (Author)

  1. Quick reference guide to the new oral anticoagulants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurst, Katherine; Lee, Regent; Handa, Ashok

    2016-06-01

    After the commissioning of new oral anticoagulants for the treatment and prevention of thrombosis, these medications are now widely used within clinical settings. Increasing numbers of patients present to the health services on anticoagulant medications, and it is therefore imperative for surgeons to be aware of the new therapeutic treatments available and how patients will benefit from such interventions. This review highlights the most pertinent learning points for surgeons regarding the indications, pharmacokinetics, and perioperative management of these new oral medications, as a quick reference guide. PMID:27113315

  2. Linear chaos for the Quick-Thinking-Driver model

    OpenAIRE

    Conejero, J. A.; Arcila, M. Murillo; Seoane-Sepúlveda, J. B.

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, the topic of car-following has experimented an increased importance in traffic engineering and safety research. This has become a very interesting topic because of the development of driverless cars \\cite{google_driverless_cars}. Driving models which describe the interaction between adjacent vehicles in the same lane have a big interest in simulation modeling, such as the Quick-Thinking-Driver model. A non-linear version of it can be given using the logistic map, and then cha...

  3. Research on quick seismic damage investigation using smartphone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xuefeng; Han, Ruicong; Yu, Yan; Li, Mingchu

    2016-04-01

    Quick seismic damage investigation in earthquake zone is significant to provide guidance for emergency response and rescue after disaster. In this paper, the damage investigation software is developed, which integrates the functions of questionnaire and picture collection for phenomenon register and image acquisition. The software has been updated to online version, all the information collected can be uploaded to the website with their GPS information, and demonstrated on a map. The expert can evaluate the seismic damage by analyzing the photos and recordings collected, which reduce the waste of human and time.

  4. Quick and Dirty Library Promotions That Really Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Jennings

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The University of Wisconsin–Eau Claire’s McIntyre Library promotes the library and its services in various ways. Over the past few years, the library has used inexpensive, quick-to-develop marketing tools to establish positive relationships with its students, faculty, and staff. This paper describes two promotional programs by detailing how each was carried out, the costs involved, and how the intended audience received it. By incorporating nontraditional promotional ideas into its marketing campaigns, the library has earned its reputation as a fun, inviting place on campus.

  5. CliffsNotes Writing Grammar, Usage, and Style Quick Review

    CERN Document Server

    Eggenschwiler, Jean; Reinhardt, Claudia L W

    2011-01-01

    Inside the Book: Nouns - Verbs - Pronouns - Modifiers - Connecting Words and Phrases - Clauses, Phrases, and Sentences - Common Sentence Errors - Periods, Question Marks, and Exclamation Marks - Commas, Semicolons, and Colons - Dashes, Parentheses, and Quotation Marks - Idioms, Clichés, Jargon, and Wordiness - How to Begin a Writing Assignment - How to Research and Organize Your Writing - Revising and Editing - Review Questions - Resource Center - Glossary - Frequently Confused Words Why CliffsNotes? Go with the name you know and trust - Get the information you need-fast! CliffsNotes Quick Rev

  6. Quick Test for Evaluating Processed Food Quality (Short Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. R. Vasudish

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Quick test for quality check of processed food will be handy for Defence Forces.  Aciditybeing one of the most important quality parameters, as per the ASC, BIS, PFA specifications,limits have been laid down as not to exceed 2 per cent in meat and fish products, 0.1 per centin cereal products, 1.25 per cent in ice cream powder, 1.5 per cent in milk powder, 0.3 per centin sweetened condensed milk, and 0.15 per cent in butter.  In the present study, a simple, quick,semi-quantitative test has been developed for checking acidity in processed foods to ascertaintheir quality.  The test is based on a colour reaction with the sample. The test solution givesblue to green to yellow colour depending on the concentration of acid in the sample.  Greencolour is the cut-off point for non-acceptance.  The large number of samples of meat (155, fishproducts (48, cereal products (222, ice cream powder (200, butter (200, milk powder (200 andsweetened condensed milk (202 were analysed by the quick test method and the results werecompared with those from the standard titrimetric method.  Acidity ranged form 0.68 per centto 2.40 per cent in meat products, 0.70 per cent to 2.50 per cent in fish products, 0.06 per centto 1.25 per cent in butter, 0.60 per cent to 1.91 per cent in milk powder, 0.05 per cent to 0.54 percent in ice cream powder, 0.32 per cent to 0.60 per cent in sweatened condensed milk, 0.05 percent to 1.10 per cent in cereal products. Some samples were found to be unacceptable havingacidity more than the specified limits.  The data were analysed statistically and the quick testwas found to correlate very well with the standard titrimetric method.

  7. ''QUICK-FIRE'' plasma flow driven implosion experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The QUICK-FIRE experimental series presently being conducted on the SHIVA STAR fast capacitor bank (120 KV, 9.3 MJ) at the Air Force Weapons Laboratory is described. Diagnostics used to measure physical quantities are listed and preliminary results from the first eight shots are presented. Initial data indicates that the performance of the coaxial gun portion of the plasma flow switch is good. Radiation yields from the unoptimized implosions are 220 KJ of soft x-rays in the 80-280 eV range with a peak power of roughly 1.25 TW. Plans for future work are outlined

  8. Winter browse selection by white-tailed deer and implications for bottomland forest restoration in the Upper Mississippi River Valley, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cogger, Benjamin J.; De Jager, Nathan R.; Thomsen, Meredith; Adams, Carrie Reinhardt

    2014-01-01

    White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) forage selectively, modifying upland forest species composition and in some cases shifting ecosystems to alternative stable states. Few studies, however, have investigated plant selection by deer in bottomland forests. Herbaceous invasive species are common in wetlands and their expansion could be promoted if deer avoid them and preferentially feed on native woody species. We surveyed plant species composition and winter deer browsing in 14 floodplain forest restoration sites along the Upper Mississippi River and tributaries. Tree seedling density declined rapidly with increasing cover of invasive Phalaris arundinacea, averaging less than 1 per m2 in all sites in which the grass was present. Deer browsed ∼46% of available tree seedling stems (branches) at mainland restorations, compared to ∼3% at island sites. Across all tree species, the number of browsed stems increased linearly with the number available and responded unimodally to tree height. Maximum browsing rates were observed on trees with high stem abundances (>10 per plant) and of heights between 50 and 150 cm. Deer preferred Ulmus americana and Acer saccharinum, and avoided Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Acer negundo, and Quercus spp. at mainland sites, and did not browse Phalaris arundinacea if present. Depending on plant growth responses to herbivory and the competitive effects of unbrowsed species, our results suggest that selective foraging could promote the expansion of invasive species and/or alter tree species composition in bottomland forest restorations. Islands may, however, serve as refuges from browsing on a regional scale.

  9. Fast k-NNG construction with GPU-based quick multi-select.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Komarov

    Full Text Available In this paper, we describe a new brute force algorithm for building the k-Nearest Neighbor Graph (k-NNG. The k-NNG algorithm has many applications in areas such as machine learning, bio-informatics, and clustering analysis. While there are very efficient algorithms for data of low dimensions, for high dimensional data the brute force search is the best algorithm. There are two main parts to the algorithm: the first part is finding the distances between the input vectors, which may be formulated as a matrix multiplication problem; the second is the selection of the k-NNs for each of the query vectors. For the second part, we describe a novel graphics processing unit (GPU-based multi-select algorithm based on quick sort. Our optimization makes clever use of warp voting functions available on the latest GPUs along with user-controlled cache. Benchmarks show significant improvement over state-of-the-art implementations of the k-NN search on GPUs.

  10. Analytical Searching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pappas, Marjorie L.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses analytical searching, a process that enables searchers of electronic resources to develop a planned strategy by combining words or phrases with Boolean operators. Defines simple and complex searching, and describes search strategies developed with Boolean logic and truncation. Provides guidelines for teaching students analytical…

  11. Quick Mining of Isomorphic Exact Large Patterns from Large Graphs

    KAUST Repository

    Almasri, Islam

    2014-12-01

    The applications of the sub graph isomorphism search are growing with the growing number of areas that model their systems using graphs or networks. Specifically, many biological systems, such as protein interaction networks, molecular structures and protein contact maps, are modeled as graphs. The sub graph isomorphism search is concerned with finding all sub graphs that are isomorphic to a relevant query graph, the existence of such sub graphs can reflect on the characteristics of the modeled system. The most computationally expensive step in the search for isomorphic sub graphs is the backtracking algorithm that traverses the nodes of the target graph. In this paper, we propose a pruning approach that is inspired by the minimum remaining value heuristic that achieves greater scalability over large query and target graphs. Our testing on various biological networks shows that performance enhancement of our approach over existing state-of-the-art approaches varies between 6x and 53x. © 2014 IEEE.

  12. A Quick Screening Model for Symptomatic Bacterascites in Cirrhosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Long-Chuan; Xu, Long; He, Wen-Hua; Wu, Wei; Zhu, Xuan

    2016-01-01

    Background: Diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhosis can be made when a patient has an ascites polymorphonuclear leukocyte count ≥250/mm3. However, symptomatic bacterascites, which is a variant of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis with signs of infection but an ascites polymorphonuclear leukocyte count <250/mm3, cannot be confirmed until the time-consuming ascites culture becomes positive. Currently, early indicators for symptomatic bacterascites remain undetermined. Aims: To develop a quick screening model for early detection of symptomatic bacterascites in cirrhosis. Materials and Methods: Data on patients with cirrhotic ascites from two hospitals (from 2010 to 2014) were collected retrospectively. Patients with symptomatic bacterascites were enrolled in the case group and compared with patients without any infection in the control group. Logistic regression analysis was used to build a model for screening symptomatic bacterascites, and a receiver operating characteristics curve was used to assess the model. Results: In total, 103 patients were enrolled in the case group and 204 patients were enrolled in the control group. A screening model was constructed based on body temperature, abdominal tenderness, blood neutrophil percentage, blood total bilirubin, prothrombin time, and ascites nucleated leukocyte count. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.939; a screening score of 0.328 was the best cutoff value. Conclusion: Patients with suspected symptomatic bacterascites can be quickly screened according to the developed model, and a screening score ≥0.328 indicates symptomatic bacterascites. PMID:27488322

  13. Emergency Communication and Quick Seismic Damage Investigation Based on Smartphone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruicong Han

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The communications in the quake-hit area are always cut off from the outside after the earthquake, and the traditional seismic field investigation method calls for immense time to accomplish house-to-house investigation, which goes against timeliness of the emergency rescue. In this paper, an emergency communication and quick seismic damage investigation method based on smartphone is proposed. Towards this, an application, E-Explorer, on iOS platform is initially developed. First, in the emergency communication module, the communication is available by using the Multipeer Connectivity Framework technology even without external network. A series of validation experiments are simulated without external network, and the results prove convincing. This module enhances the possibility of communication and increases the chances for rescue. Second, in the damage investigation module, E-Explorer integrates the functions of questionnaire and picture collection for damage phenomenon recording and image acquisition, following an intensity evaluation method according to seismic index. Last, a website, which provides guidance for rescue workers and collects damage information for quick intensity evaluation, is being built.

  14. Biological chip technology to quickly batch select optimum cryopreservation procedure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Lina; LIU Jing; ZHOU Yixin; HUA Zezhao

    2007-01-01

    In the practices of cryobiology,selection of an optimum freeze/thawing program and an idealistic cryoprotective agent often requires rather tedious,time consuming and repetitive tests.Integrating the functions of sample preparation and viability detection,the concept of biochip technology was introduced to the field of cryopreservation,aiming at quickly finding an optimum freezing and thawing program.Prototype devices were fabricated and corresponding experimental tests were performed.It was shown that microflow-channel chip could not offer a high quality solution distribution.As an alternative,the spot-dropping chip proved to be an excellent way to load the sample quickly and reliably.Infrared thermal mapping on such a chip showed that it had a rather uniform heat transfer boundary.Applying the spot-dropping chip combined with the thermoelectric cooling device,the final output of cryopreservation of multiple samples was tested,and the optimal freeze/thawing program as well as the potentially best concentration of the cryoprotective agent was found by analyzing the results.Further,application of this technique to measure the thermo-physical properties of the cryo-protective agent was also investigated.The study demonstrated that a biochip with integrated automatic loading and inspection units opens the possibility of a massive optimization of the complex cryopreservation program in a quicker and more economical way.

  15. Event Index - a LHCb Event Search System

    CERN Document Server

    Ustyuzhanin, Andrey; Kazeev, Nikita; Redkin, Artem

    2015-01-01

    LHC experiments generate up to $10^{12}$ events per year. This paper describes Event Index - an event search system. Event Index's primary function is quickly selecting subsets of events from a combination of conditions, such as the estimated decay channel or stripping lines output. Event Index is essentially Apache Lucene optimized for read-only indexes distributed over independent shards on independent nodes.

  16. Medical literature search dot com

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivek Jain

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Internet provides a quick access to a plethora of the medical literature, in the form of journals, databases, dictionaries, textbooks, indexes, and e-journals, thereby allowing access to more varied, individualized, and systematic educational opportunities. Web search engine is a tool designed to search for information on the World Wide Web, which may be in the form of web pages, images, information, and other types of files. Search engines for internet-based search of medical literature include Google, Google scholar, Yahoo search engine, etc., and databases include MEDLINE, PubMed, MEDLARS, etc. Commercial web resources (Medscape, MedConnect, MedicineNet add to the list of resource databases providing some of their content for open access. Several web-libraries (Medical matrix, Emory libraries have been developed as meta-sites, providing useful links to health resources globally. Availability of specific dermatology-related websites (DermIs, DermNet, and Genamics Jornalseek is useful addition to the ever growing list of web-based resources. A researcher must keep in mind the strengths and limitations of a particular search engine/database while searching for a particular type of data. Knowledge about types of literature and levels of detail available, user interface, ease of access, reputable content, and period of time covered allow their optimal use and maximal utility in the field of medicine.

  17. Storing, Browsing, Querying, and Sharing Data: the THREDDS Data Repository (TDR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, A.; Lindholm, D.; Baltzer, T.

    2005-12-01

    The Unidata Internet Data Distribution (IDD) network delivers gigabytes of data per day in near real time to sites across the U.S. and beyond. The THREDDS Data Server (TDS) supports public browsing of metadata and data access via OPeNDAP enabled URLs for datasets such as these. With such large quantities of data, sites generally employ a simple data management policy, keeping the data for a relatively short term on the order of hours to perhaps a week or two. In order to save interesting data in longer term storage and make it available for sharing, a user must move the data herself. In this case the user is responsible for determining where space is available, executing the data movement, generating any desired metadata, and setting access control to enable sharing. This task sequence is generally based on execution of a sequence of low level operating system specific commands with significant user involvement. The LEAD (Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery) project is building a cyberinfrastructure to support research and education in mesoscale meteorology. LEAD orchestrations require large, robust, and reliable storage with speedy access to stage data and store both intermediate and final results. These requirements suggest storage solutions that involve distributed storage, replication, and interfacing to archival storage systems such as mass storage systems and tape or removable disks. LEAD requirements also include metadata generation and access in order to support querying. In support of both THREDDS and LEAD requirements, Unidata is designing and prototyping the THREDDS Data Repository (TDR), a framework for a modular data repository to support distributed data storage and retrieval using a variety of back end storage media and interchangeable software components. The TDR interface will provide high level abstractions for long term storage, controlled, fast and reliable access, and data movement capabilities via a variety of technologies such as

  18. Remote Sensing Forage Quality for Browsing Herbivores: A Case Study of Cutting Edge Koala Conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youngentob, K. N.; Au, J.; Held, A. A.; Foley, W. J.; Possingham, H. P.

    2014-12-01

    Managing landscapes for conservation requires a capacity to measure habitat quality. Although multiple factors are often responsible for the distribution and abundance of herbivores, spatial variations in the quality and quantity of plant forage are known to be important for many species. While we cannot see the chemical complexity of landscapes with our naked-eye, advances in imaging spectroscopy are making it possible to assess the quality of forage on a landscape-scale. Much research in this area has focused on the ability to estimate foliar nitrogen (N), because N is believed to be a limiting nutrient for many leaf eating animals. However, the total quantity of foliar N does not necessarily reflect the amount of N that can be utilized by herbivores. Available nitrogen (AvailN) is an invitro measure of forage quality that integrates the influence of tannins and fibre on the amount of foliar N that is available for digestion by herbivores. This may be a more meaningful measure of forage quality than total N for the many herbivorous species that are sensitive to the effects of tannins. Our previous research has demonstrated that it is possible to estimate this integrated measure of foliar nutritional quality at an individual tree crown level across multiple tree species using imaging spectroscopy (HyMap). Here we present a case study of how this remote sensing data is being used to help inform landscape management and conservation decisions for an iconic Australian species, the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus). We review the methods involved in developing maps of integrated measures of foliar nutritional quality for browsing herbivores with airborne imaging spectroscopy data and discuss their applications for wildlife management.

  19. Individual variation of isotopic niches in grazing and browsing desert ungulates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, D; Mfune, J K E; Gewers, E; Brain, C; Voigt, C C

    2015-09-01

    Ungulates often adjust their diet when food availability varies over time. However, it is poorly understood when and to what extent individuals change their diet and, if they do so, if all individuals of a population occupy distinct or similar dietary niches. In the arid Namibian Kunene Region, we studied temporal variations of individual niches in grazing gemsbok (Oryx gazella gazella) and predominantly browsing springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis). We used variation in stable C and N isotope ratios of tail hair increments as proxies to estimate individual isotopic dietary niches and their temporal plasticity. Isotopic dietary niches of populations of the two species were mutually exclusive, but similar in breadth. Isotopic niche breadth of gemsbok was better explained by within-individual variation than by between-individual variation of stable isotope ratios, indicating that gemsbok individuals were facultative specialists in using isotopically distinct local food resources. In contrast, inter- and intra-individual variations contributed similarly to the isotopic niche breadth of the springbok population, suggesting a higher degree of individual isotopic segregation in a more generalist ungulate. In both species, between-individual variation was neither explained by changes in plant primary productivity, sex, geographical position nor by group size. Within species, individual dietary niches overlapped partially, suggesting that both populations included individuals with distinct isotopic dietary niches. Our study provides the first evidence for isotopic dietary niche segregation in individuals of two distinct desert ungulates. Similar, yet isotopically distinct dietary niches of individuals may facilitate partitioning of food resources and thus individual survival in desert ecosystems. PMID:25953117

  20. An engineering and economic evaluation of quick germ-quick fiber process for dry-grind ethanol facilities: analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, Luis F; Li, Changying; Khanna, Madhu; Spaulding, Aslihan D; Lin, Tao; Eckhoff, Steven R

    2010-07-01

    An engineering economic model, which is mass balanced and compositionally driven, was developed to compare the conventional corn dry-grind process and the pre-fractionation process called quick germ-quick fiber (QQ). In this model, documented in a companion article, the distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) price was linked with its protein and fiber content as well as with the long-term average relationship with the corn price. The detailed economic analysis showed that the QQ plant retrofitted from conventional dry-grind ethanol plant reduces the manufacturing cost of ethanol by 13.5 cent/gallon and has net present value of nearly $4 million greater than the conventional dry-grind plant at an interest rate of 4% in 15years. Ethanol and feedstock price sensitivity analysis showed that the QQ plant gains more profits when ethanol price increases than conventional dry-grind ethanol plant. An optimistic analysis of the QQ process suggests that the greater value of the modified DDGS would provide greater resistance to fluctuations in corn price for QQ facilities. This model can be used to provide decision support for ethanol producers.

  1. Quick scan prognosis of the CO2 emission of horticulture; Quick scan prognose CO2-emissie glastuinbouw

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van der Velden, N.J.A.

    2010-06-15

    In close collaboration with the government, Dutch greenhouse horticulture is developing its own settlement system for CO2 emissions, the so-called CO2 sector system. Such a system should have a total emission space for cultivation (excluding electricity sales). An agreement is being established between the sector and the Dutch government covering the total CO2 emission for the period 2013-2020 (including electricity sales), supplementing the Covenant on Clean and Efficient Agricultural Sectors. This quick scan offers a prognosis of the future CO2 emission of greenhouse horticulture [Dutch] De glastuinbouw ontwikkelt in nauwe samenwerking met de overheid een eigen vereveningssysteem voor CO2-emissie, het zogeheten CO2-sectorsysteem. Bij een dergelijk systeem behoort een totale emissieruimte voor de teelt (exclusief verkoop elektriciteit). Voor de periode 2013-2020 is een afspraak tussen sector en rijksoverheid in de maak over de totale CO2-emissie (inclusief verkoop elektriciteit), in aanvulling op het Convenant Schone en Zuinige Agrosectoren. In deze quick scan wordt een prognose gemaakt van de toekomstige CO2-emissie door de glastuinbouw.

  2. Visual exploratory search of relationship graphs on smartphones.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianquan Ouyang

    Full Text Available This paper presents a novel framework for Visual Exploratory Search of Relationship Graphs on Smartphones (VESRGS that is composed of three major components: inference and representation of semantic relationship graphs on the Web via meta-search, visual exploratory search of relationship graphs through both querying and browsing strategies, and human-computer interactions via the multi-touch interface and mobile Internet on smartphones. In comparison with traditional lookup search methodologies, the proposed VESRGS system is characterized with the following perceived advantages. 1 It infers rich semantic relationships between the querying keywords and other related concepts from large-scale meta-search results from Google, Yahoo! and Bing search engines, and represents semantic relationships via graphs; 2 the exploratory search approach empowers users to naturally and effectively explore, adventure and discover knowledge in a rich information world of interlinked relationship graphs in a personalized fashion; 3 it effectively takes the advantages of smartphones' user-friendly interfaces and ubiquitous Internet connection and portability. Our extensive experimental results have demonstrated that the VESRGS framework can significantly improve the users' capability of seeking the most relevant relationship information to their own specific needs. We envision that the VESRGS framework can be a starting point for future exploration of novel, effective search strategies in the mobile Internet era.

  3. Visual exploratory search of relationship graphs on smartphones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouyang, Jianquan; Zheng, Hao; Kong, Fanbin; Liu, Tianming

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a novel framework for Visual Exploratory Search of Relationship Graphs on Smartphones (VESRGS) that is composed of three major components: inference and representation of semantic relationship graphs on the Web via meta-search, visual exploratory search of relationship graphs through both querying and browsing strategies, and human-computer interactions via the multi-touch interface and mobile Internet on smartphones. In comparison with traditional lookup search methodologies, the proposed VESRGS system is characterized with the following perceived advantages. 1) It infers rich semantic relationships between the querying keywords and other related concepts from large-scale meta-search results from Google, Yahoo! and Bing search engines, and represents semantic relationships via graphs; 2) the exploratory search approach empowers users to naturally and effectively explore, adventure and discover knowledge in a rich information world of interlinked relationship graphs in a personalized fashion; 3) it effectively takes the advantages of smartphones' user-friendly interfaces and ubiquitous Internet connection and portability. Our extensive experimental results have demonstrated that the VESRGS framework can significantly improve the users' capability of seeking the most relevant relationship information to their own specific needs. We envision that the VESRGS framework can be a starting point for future exploration of novel, effective search strategies in the mobile Internet era.

  4. High flow, low mobile weight quick disconnect system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Ronn G. (Inventor); Nagy, Jr., Zoltan Frank (Inventor); Moszczienski, Joseph Roch (Inventor)

    2010-01-01

    A fluid coupling device and coupling system that may start and stop the flow of a fluid is disclosed. In some embodiments, first and second couplings are provided having an actuator coupled with each of the couplings. The couplings and actuators may be detachable to provide quick disconnect features and, in some embodiments, provide unitary actuation for the actuators of the coupling device to facilitate connection in mobile applications. Actuation may occur as the two couplings and actuators are engaged and disengaged and may occur by rotational actuation of the actuators. Rotational actuation can be provided to ensure flow through the coupling device, which in some embodiments may further provide an offset venturi feature. Upon disengagement, a compression element such as a compression spring can be provided to return the actuators to a closed position. Some embodiments further provide a seal external to the actuators and provided at incipient engagement of the couplings.

  5. Report on JANNAF panel on shotgun/relative quickness testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gould, R. A.

    1980-01-01

    As the need for more energetic solid propellants continues, a number of problems arises. One of these is the tendency of high energy propellants to transition from burning (deflagration) to detonation in regions where the propellant is present in small particle sizes; e.g., in case bonding areas of a motor after a rapid depressurization causes a shear zone at the bond interface as the stressed propellant and motor case relax at different rates. In an effort to determine the susceptibility of propellants to high strain rate break up (friability), and subsequent DDT, the propulsion community uses the shotgun/relative quickness test as one of a number of screening tests for new propellant formulations. Efforts to standardize test techniques and equipment are described.

  6. Quick evaluation of the annual heliostat field efficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collado, Francisco J. [Univ. Zaragoza, CPS-B, Dpto de Ingenieria Mecanica, Maria de Luna 3, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain)

    2008-04-15

    The recent world wide interest in solar power tower justifies the presentation of a simplified model that allows quick evaluations of the annual overall energy collected by a surrounding heliostat field, which is sent to the electric power generating system (EPGS). The model is the combination of an analytical model of the flux density produced by a heliostat from Zaragoza University, an optimized mirror density distribution developed by University of Houston for the Solar One project and molten salt receiver efficiencies measured during the Solar Two project. The abilities of the model are successfully compared against the scarce open data about the next Solar Tres demonstration plant-a 15 MWe solar tower with molten salts storage. This simplified model could be valid for rather preliminary optimizations, although it should not substitute much more accurate discrete evaluations that manage thousands of individual heliostats with their actual shadowing and blockings, performed every few minutes using actual meteorological data. (author)

  7. Bone-Cement: The new medical quick fix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinesh Bhatia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bone Cement is being widely used in vertebroplasty, a minimally invasive surgical procedure to treat spinal frac-tures and collapsed vertebrae. It is being labeled as a concrete success in medical field. It is being used to treat fractures due to osteoporosis, menopause, steroids, hyperthyroidism and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases. In this technique a needle with bone cement (PMMA, polymethylmethacrylate is injected into the collapsed verte-bra after administering local anesthesia to patient. It solidifies within few minutes and provides support to damaged bone resulting in relief to the patient. It also prevents the movement between different parts of the broken bone. Hence it requires a short hospital stay for the patient and the procedure can be performed with much ease and at significant lower costs. Patient can resume normal activity within a day or so. Bone cement is now being referred to as the quick medical fix material for early repair of fractures.

  8. Search Fatigue

    OpenAIRE

    Bruce Ian Carlin; Florian Ederer

    2012-01-01

    Consumer search is not only costly but also tiring. We characterize the intertemporal effects that search fatigue has on oligopoly prices, product proliferation, and the provision of consumer assistance (i.e., advice). These effects vary based on whether search is all-or-nothing or sequential in nature, whether learning takes place, and whether consumers exhibit brand loyalty. We perform welfare analysis and highlight the novel empirical implications that our analysis generates.

  9. A Semantic Query Transformation Approach Based on Ontology for Search Engine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SAJENDRA KUMAR

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available These days we are using some popular web search engines for information retrieval in all areas, such engine are as Google, Yahoo!, and Live Search, etc. to obtain initial helpful information.Which information we retrieved via search engine may not be relevant to the search target in the search engine user's mind. When user not found relevant information he has to shortlist the results. Thesesearch engines use traditional search service based on "static keywords", which require the users to type in the exact keywords. This approach clearly puts the users in a critical situation of guessing the exact keyword. The users may want to define their search by using attributes of the search target. But the relevancy of results in most cases may not be satisfactory and the users may not be patient enough to browse through complete list of pages to get a relevant result. The reason behind this is the search engines performs search based on the syntax not on semantics. But they seemed to be less efficient to understand the relationship between the keywords which had an adverse effect on the results it produced. Semantic search engines – only solution to this; which returns concepts not documents according to user query matching. In This paper we proposed a semantic query interface which creates a semantic query according the user input query and study of current semantic search engine techniques for semantic search.

  10. Faceted Search

    CERN Document Server

    Tunkelang, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    We live in an information age that requires us, more than ever, to represent, access, and use information. Over the last several decades, we have developed a modern science and technology for information retrieval, relentlessly pursuing the vision of a "memex" that Vannevar Bush proposed in his seminal article, "As We May Think." Faceted search plays a key role in this program. Faceted search addresses weaknesses of conventional search approaches and has emerged as a foundation for interactive information retrieval. User studies demonstrate that faceted search provides more

  11. Development of Search System Used for Material Processing by Mobile Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jun; ZHANG Li; FAN Lei

    2004-01-01

    A wireless search system was integrated on Windows 2000 server. Based on the communication principle between wireless data and Internet, the object expression of search file, the automatic query of document information, the segment browsing of result information, and the receiving and sending of user information were realized by using Active Server Page 3.0, VB Script, WML Script insert languages and object orient database technology. The requirement querying information of material processing through Internet by GPRS, WAP mobile handset and so on was accomplished.

  12. Evaluation of the quick environmental exposure and sensitivity inventory in a Danish population

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovbjerg, Sine; Berg, Nikolaj Drimer; Elberling, Jesper;

    2012-01-01

    To evaluate a Danish translation of the Quick Environmental Exposure and Sensitivity Inventory (QEESI).......To evaluate a Danish translation of the Quick Environmental Exposure and Sensitivity Inventory (QEESI)....

  13. Asthma Patients in US Overuse Quick-Relief Inhalers, Underuse Control Medications

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... overuse quick-relief inhalers, underuse control medications Share | Asthma patients in US overuse quick-relief inhalers, underuse control medications Published Online: December 13, 2013 Asthma exacerbations and uncontrolled asthma result in poor health ...

  14. Quick-Determination of the Average Atomic Number Z by X-Ray Scattering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kunzendorf, Helmar

    1972-01-01

    X-ray scattering ratio measurements are proposed for a quick determination of the average atomic number of rock powders.......X-ray scattering ratio measurements are proposed for a quick determination of the average atomic number of rock powders....

  15. Outdoor Urban Propagation Experiment of a Handset MIMO Antenna with a Human Phantom located in a Browsing Stance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yamamoto, Atsushi; Hayashi, Toshiteru; Ogawa, Koichi;

    2007-01-01

    Outdoor radio propagation experiments are presented at 2.4 GHz, using a handset MIMO antenna with two monopoles and two planar inverted-F antennas (PIFAs), adjacent to a human phantom in browsing stance. The propagation test was performed in an urban area of a city, which resulted in non lineof......-sight (NLOS) situations. In our investigation, the 4-by-4 MIMO and SISO channel capacities for the reception signals were evaluated. These measurements show that the handset MIMO antenna, close to the human operator, is capable of MIMO reception....

  16. The Searchbench - Combining Sentence-semantic, Full-text and Bibliographic Search in Digital Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich Schäfer

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available We describe a novel approach to precise searching in the full content of digital libraries. The Searchbench (for search workbench is based on sentence-wise syntactic and semantic natural language processing (NLP of both born-digital and scanned publications in PDF format. The term born-digital means natively digital, i.e. prepared electronically using typesetting systems such as LaTeX, OpenOffice, and the like. In the Searchbench, queries can be formulated as (possibly underspecified statements, consisting of simple subject-predicate-object constructs such as ‘algorithm improves word alignment’. This reduces the number of false hits in large document collections when the search words happen to appear close to each other, but are not semantically related. The method also abstracts from passive voice and predicate synonyms. Moreover, negated statements can be excluded from the search results, and negated antonym predicates again count as synonyms (e.g. not include = exclude.In the Searchbench, a sentence-semantic search can be combined with search filters for classical full-text, bibliographic metadata and automatically computed domain terms. Auto-suggest fields facilitate text input. Queries can be bookmarked or emailed. Furthermore, a novel citation browser in the Searchbench allows graphical navigation in citation networks. These have been extracted automatically from metadata and paper texts. The citation browser displays short phrases from citation sentences at the edges in the citation graph and thus allows students and researchers to quickly browse publications and immerse into a new research field. By clicking on a citation edge, the original citation sentence is shown in context, and optionally also in the original PDF layout.To showcase the usefulness of our research, we have a applied it to a collection of currently approx. 25,000 open access research papers in the field of computational linguistics and language technology, the ACL

  17. Web search behavior of university students: a case study at University of the Punjab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid Mahmood

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The World Wide Web is now known to be the richest source of information. The growth rate of the web is exponential. This paper explores different aspects of web search behavior of university students, in terms of user's background and experience with web, purpose of use, searching skills, query formulation, frequency of use, favorite search engine, etc. All these factors contribute to the way in which the students search the web. Data have been collected from students of the Faculty of Economics and Management Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore through questionnaire. Key findings include the use of web for academic tasks, preference of Google, reformulation of query, use of basic and advance search features, browsing of first ten hits and problem of slow speed.

  18. Investigating the Effect of Implicit Browsing Behaviour on Students’ Performance in a Task Specific Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Akuma

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on how students access web pages in a task specific information retrieval. An investigation on how students search the web for their current needs was carried out and students’ behavioural characteristics as they surf the internet to answer some given online multiple choice questions was collected. Twenty three students participated in the study and a number of behavioural characteristics were captured. Camtasia studio 7 was used to record their searching activity. The result shows that 328 web pages were visited by the students, and among the parameters captured, the time spent on the search task has a stronger correlation with the students’ performance than any other captured parameter. The time spent on a document can be used as a good implicit indicator to infer learner’s interest in a context based recommender system.

  19. Study on quick screening of nuclear power plant events

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Operation safety surveillance and operation experience feedback are two effective measures to ensure and improve nuclear safety, the basis of which is nuclear power plant events analysis. A substantial number of events occur every year in nuclear power plant, thus screening for safety important and typical events which are valuable for experience feedback is important. Combining with risk insights, a new method for quick screening of nuclear power plant events is proposed on the basis of present event analysis method. A risk assessment tool to support the new method, i. e. significance determination process (SDP), is introduced in details. An example event is analyzed to obtain ΔCDF using SDP software and PSA model respectively, to verify the capability of SDP. The quantification results show agreement between ΔCDF of SDP and PSA models. It is concluded that the quantification results of SDP are capable for applications it supports. Limitations of present SDP software are pointed out and its future extension and potential applications are discussed. (authors)

  20. Designing an energy-efficient quick service restaurant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Young, R.; Spata, A.J.; Turnbull, P.; Allen, T.E.

    1999-07-01

    Food service operators typically focus on controlling labor and food costs in order to increase profits. Energy, which typically represents 2% to 6% of the total cost to operate, is often a lower priority due to the complexity of food service operations and the lack of practical information. However, in an increasing competitive market, operators are actively seeking opportunities to further reduce overhead, and energy represents a good candidate. This paper presents an overview of the design and application of energy-efficient technologies to a quick service restaurant (QSR) and the resulting energy savings. Included in the discussion are the relevance of energy efficiency in a QSR, the criteria for choosing appropriate energy-efficient technologies, the replication of results to other restaurants, and the performance of the individual energy-saving technologies. Three different techniques were used to estimate energy savings of the energy-efficient technologies, with results in the range of 12% to 18% savings in overall annual restaurant energy costs.

  1. INCAS QUICK THERMAL TEST SHOCK INSTALLATION - QTS1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin VILCU

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available From the assembly of the wear factors which act on the “hot parts” of the turbo engines,respectively on the protective coatings, the thermal shock acts the most perturbing.The behavior of the materials at thermal shock is evaluated at present on unique installations,constructive and methodical different, in the specialized laboratories of the materialsmanufacturer, protective coatings included as well as of those specialized in testing.The thermal test shock installation conceived by INCAS and achieved in collaboration with INCDTCOMOTI for testing of the materials at thermal shock, especially those from the aerospatialdomain, represents a versatile construction, in progress in comparison with those known.The QTS1 - quick thermal test shock installation assures with reproducible results the materialevaluation in the heating and cooling speed conditions up to 100°C/s at heating and 60ºC/s atcooling, situations which correspond to the extreme functional conditions of the turbo engines,space shuttle, cogenerative systems, etc.

  2. Quick monitoring of pozzolanic reactivity of waste ashes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinthaworn, Suppachai; Nimityongskul, Pichai

    2009-05-01

    This article proposes a quick method of monitoring for pozzolanic reactivity of waste ashes by investigating the electrical conductivity of the suspension at an elevated temperature. This suspension is obtained by mixing tested pozzolan with an ordinary Portland cement (OPC) solution produced by mixing ordinary Portland cement with water. For comparison, silica fume, metakaolin, rice husk ash and river sand - whose pozzolanic reactivities range from reactive to inert - were used in the experimental investigation. The electrical conductivity of the suspension was continually recorded by using an electrical conductivity meter and stored by using a personal computer for a period of slightly over 1day. The indicative parameters that can be related to pozzolanic reactivity were discussed and analyzed in detail. It was found that it is possible to determine the pozzolanic reactivity of fly ash within 28h by using the proposed technique, as compared to 7 or 28 days for the determination of strength activity index according to ASTM. This technique would help concrete technologists to speedily investigate the quality of fly ash for use as a cement replacement in order to alleviate pollution caused by cement production and solve disposal problems of waste ashes.

  3. Unsupervised Quick Reduct Algorithm Using Rough Set Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    C. Velayutham; K. Thangavel

    2011-01-01

    Feature selection (FS) is a process to select features which are more informative.It is one of the important steps in knowledge discovery.The problem is that not all features are important.Some of the features may be redundant,and others may be irrelevant and noisy.The conventional supervised FS methods evaluate various feature subsets using an evaluation function or metric to select only those features which are related to the decision classes of the data under consideration.However,for many data mining applications,decision class labels are often unknown or incomplete,thus indicating the significance of unsupervised feature selection.However,in unsupervised learning,decision class labels are not provided.In this paper,we propose a new unsupervised quick reduct (QR) algorithm using rough set theory.The quality of the reduced data is measured by the classification performance and it is evaluated using WEKA classifier tool.The method is compared with existing supervised methods and the result demonstrates the efficiency of the proposed algorithm.

  4. Bone-Cement: The New Medical Quick Fix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinesh Bhatia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Bone Cement is being widely used in vertebroplasty, a minimally invasive surgical procedure to treat spinal fractures and collapsed vertebrae. It is being labeled as a concrete success in medical field. It is being used to treat fractures due to osteoporosis, menopause, steroids, hyperthyroidism and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.  In this technique a needle with bone cement (PMMA, polymethylmethacrylate is injected into the collapsed vertebra after administering local anesthesia to patient. It solidifies within few minutes and provides support to damaged bone resulting in relief to the patient. It also prevents the movement between different parts of the broken bone. Hence it requires a short hospital stay for the patient and the procedure can be performed with much ease and at significant lower costs. Patient can resume normal activity within a day or so. Bone cement is now being referred to as the quick medical fix material for early repair of fractures.

  5. How much domestic quick response manufacturing can a business afford?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warburton, Roger D. H.; Warner, Steven B.

    2000-10-01

    Employment in the U.S. apparel industry has declined dramatically since the 1960s. Will it fall inexorably to zero, or is there some base level that can endure? If so, what strategic characteristics are required to survive? There is considerable interest in Quick Response Manufacturing (QRM), not only as a reason to support domestic manufacturing, but also as part of the larger goal of reducing supply chain costs. However, since Domestic Manufacturing is more expensive, why should anyone bother considering it? This paper presents an analytical model of a team approach that includes both domestic and offshore manufacturing. Despite the additional costs associated with U.S. manufacturing, our model predicts that including a domestic contractor is legitimate and cost effective. However, the alliance must be genuinely cooperative. A partnership has to be established early in the retailer's planning cycle, and the manufacturer should participate in the planning. Also, sharing data and making timely decisions imposes a strategic business approach, and the model allows us to describe the characteristic roles and capabilities required. Using this model for guidance, we anticipate that retailers will have the stock to satisfy more customers with fewer markdowns, while manufacturers will see increased margins and lower inventories.

  6. A Quick and Affine Invariance Matching Method for Oblique Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    XIAO Xiongwu

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposed a quick, affine invariance matching method for oblique images. It calculated the initial affine matrix by making full use of the two estimated camera axis orientation parameters of an oblique image, then recovered the oblique image to a rectified image by doing the inverse affine transform, and left over by the SIFT method. We used the nearest neighbor distance ratio(NNDR, normalized cross correlation(NCC measure constraints and consistency check to get the coarse matches, then used RANSAC method to calculate the fundamental matrix and the homography matrix. And we got the matches that they were interior points when calculating the homography matrix, then calculated the average value of the matches' principal direction differences. During the matching process, we got the initial matching features by the nearest neighbor(NN matching strategy, then used the epipolar constrains, homography constrains, NCC measure constrains and consistency check of the initial matches' principal direction differences with the calculated average value of the interior matches' principal direction differences to eliminate false matches. Experiments conducted on three pairs of typical oblique images demonstrate that our method takes about the same time as SIFT to match a pair of oblique images with a plenty of corresponding points distributed evenly and an extremely low mismatching rate.

  7. A multimedia analytics framework for browsing image collections in digital forensics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Worring; A. Engl; C. Smeria

    2012-01-01

    Searching through large collections of images to find patterns of use or to find sets of relevant items is difficult, especially when the information to consider is not only the content of the images itself, but also the associated metadata. Multimedia analytics is a new approach to such problems. W

  8. Analysis of Factors Influencing the Turnover Efficiency of Quick Assets in Agricultural Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZOU Ling-li; JIA Xian-wei

    2012-01-01

    We select 34 representative agricultural listed companies as the study object,to analyze the characteristics of quick assets in agricultural companies.The ratio between quick assets and total assets roughly displays normal distribution,with the peak value up to 40%;the distribution figure shape of the ratio between quick assets and liquid asset displays normal distribution,with the peak value up to 63%.Taking the case of typical agricultural company,Yuan Longping High-Tech Agriculture Co.,Ltd.,we analyze the factors influencing turnover of quick assets,and the main factors influencing the turnover of quick assets in agricultural companies are monetary funds and receivables.We establish the multiple linear regression model,and draw the conclusion that the turnover efficiency of quick assets is significantly affected by the ratio between cash assets and income,turnover rate of receivables,and quickness ratio.

  9. Effect of Tannin and Species Variation on In vitro Digestibility, Gas, and Methane Production of Tropical Browse Plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gemeda, B S; Hassen, A

    2015-02-01

    Nineteen tanniferous browse plants were collected from South Africa to investigate their digestibility, gas production (GP) characteristics and methane production. Fresh samples were collected, dried in forced oven, and ground and analyzed for nutrient composition. In vitro GP and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) were determined using rumen fluid collected, strained and anaerobically prepared. A semi- automated system was used to measure GP by incubating the sample in a shaking incubator at 39°C. There was significant (pmethane production. Methane production was positively correlated with NDF, ADF, cellulose and hemi-cellulose. Tannin decreased GP, IVOMD, total volatile fatty acid and methane production. The observed low methanogenic potential and substantial ammonia generation of some of the browses might be potentially useful as rumen manipulating agents. However, a systematic evaluation is needed to determine optimum levels of supplementation in a mixed diet in order to attain a maximal depressing effect on enteric CH4 production with a minimal detrimental effect on rumen fermentation of poor quality roughage based diet.

  10. A quick guide for building a successful bioinformatics community.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aidan Budd

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available "Scientific community" refers to a group of people collaborating together on scientific-research-related activities who also share common goals, interests, and values. Such communities play a key role in many bioinformatics activities. Communities may be linked to a specific location or institute, or involve people working at many different institutions and locations. Education and training is typically an important component of these communities, providing a valuable context in which to develop skills and expertise, while also strengthening links and relationships within the community. Scientific communities facilitate: (i the exchange and development of ideas and expertise; (ii career development; (iii coordinated funding activities; (iv interactions and engagement with professionals from other fields; and (v other activities beneficial to individual participants, communities, and the scientific field as a whole. It is thus beneficial at many different levels to understand the general features of successful, high-impact bioinformatics communities; how individual participants can contribute to the success of these communities; and the role of education and training within these communities. We present here a quick guide to building and maintaining a successful, high-impact bioinformatics community, along with an overview of the general benefits of participating in such communities. This article grew out of contributions made by organizers, presenters, panelists, and other participants of the ISMB/ECCB 2013 workshop "The 'How To Guide' for Establishing a Successful Bioinformatics Network" at the 21st Annual International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology (ISMB and the 12th European Conference on Computational Biology (ECCB.

  11. A quick guide for building a successful bioinformatics community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budd, Aidan; Corpas, Manuel; Brazas, Michelle D; Fuller, Jonathan C; Goecks, Jeremy; Mulder, Nicola J; Michaut, Magali; Ouellette, B F Francis; Pawlik, Aleksandra; Blomberg, Niklas

    2015-02-01

    "Scientific community" refers to a group of people collaborating together on scientific-research-related activities who also share common goals, interests, and values. Such communities play a key role in many bioinformatics activities. Communities may be linked to a specific location or institute, or involve people working at many different institutions and locations. Education and training is typically an important component of these communities, providing a valuable context in which to develop skills and expertise, while also strengthening links and relationships within the community. Scientific communities facilitate: (i) the exchange and development of ideas and expertise; (ii) career development; (iii) coordinated funding activities; (iv) interactions and engagement with professionals from other fields; and (v) other activities beneficial to individual participants, communities, and the scientific field as a whole. It is thus beneficial at many different levels to understand the general features of successful, high-impact bioinformatics communities; how individual participants can contribute to the success of these communities; and the role of education and training within these communities. We present here a quick guide to building and maintaining a successful, high-impact bioinformatics community, along with an overview of the general benefits of participating in such communities. This article grew out of contributions made by organizers, presenters, panelists, and other participants of the ISMB/ECCB 2013 workshop "The 'How To Guide' for Establishing a Successful Bioinformatics Network" at the 21st Annual International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology (ISMB) and the 12th European Conference on Computational Biology (ECCB). PMID:25654371

  12. Quick identification of acute chest pain patients study (QICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van der Horst Iwan CC

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Patients with acute chest pain are often referred to the emergency ward and extensively investigated. Investigations are costly and could induce unnecessary complications, especially with invasive diagnostics. Nevertheless, chest pain patients have high mortalities. Fast identification of high-risk patients is crucial. Therefore several strategies have been developed including specific symptoms, signs, laboratory measurements, and imaging. Methods/Design The Quick Identification of acute Chest pain Study (QICS will investigate whether a combined use of specific symptoms and signs, electrocardiography, routine and new laboratory measures, adjunctive imaging including electron beam (EBT computed tomography (CT and contrast multislice CT (MSCT will have a high diagnostic yield for patients with acute chest pain. All patients will be investigated according a standardized protocol in the Emergency Department. Serum and plasma will be frozen for future analysis for a wide range of biomarkers at a later time point. The primary endpoint is the safe recognition of low-risk chest pain patients directly at presentation. Secondary endpoint is the identification of a wide range of sensitive predictive clinical markers, chemical biomarkers and radiological markers in acute chest pain patients. Chemical biomarkers will be compared to quantitative CT measurements of coronary atherosclerosis as a surrogate endpoint. Chemical biomarkers will also be compared in head to head comparison and for their additional value. Discussion This will be a very extensive investigation of a wide range of risk predictors in acute chest pain patients. New reliable fast and cheap diagnostic algorithm resulting from the test results might improve chest pain patients' prognosis, and reduce unnecessary costs and diagnostic complications.

  13. H particle searches at Brookhaven

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chrien, R.E. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Physics Dept.

    1997-09-01

    Following the suggestion by R.L. Jaffe twenty years ago, researchers have been trying to establish the existence of a six-quark object, termed the H dibaryon, predicted by the phenomenological quark bag model. This object quickly became the focus of experimental searches at several locations, including the AGS. This search still continues, with perhaps the most active program being carried out at the 2.0 GeV/c beam line at the BNL-AGS. The research was considerably enhanced by the writing of two notable papers at BNL by Aerts and Dover, which gave quantitative predictions for H-production cross sections in two very different reaction mechanisms. One of these, the formation of cascade atomic deuterium to form the H by fusion, had been first suggested by P.D. Barnes. The 2.0 GeV/c line at the AGS was specifically designed to provide an adequate kaon flux for double strangeness and charge exchange reactions. It has been used for two H searches, E813 and E836, as well as for several {Lambda}{Lambda} searches, E885 and E906. These four experiments are setting significant limits on H-production. The results of these experiments are discussed, and descriptions of related H searches at Brookhaven are given.

  14. Comprehension deficits among older patients in a quick diagnostic unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hvidt LN

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Lisa Nebelin Hvidt,1,2 Kristian Nebelin Hvidt,3 Kim Madsen,1 Thomas A Schmidt11Department of Emergency Medicine, Holbæk University Hospital, Holbæk, 2Department of Geriatrics, Gentofte University Hospital, Copenhagen, 3Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Holbæk University Hospital, Holbæk, DenmarkBackground: Higher prevalence of multiple illnesses and cognitive impairment among older patients pose a risk of comprehension difficulties, potentially leading to medication errors. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate comprehension of discharge ­instructions among older patients admitted to a Quick Diagnostic Unit (QDU.Methods: One hundred and two patients discharged from the QDU answered a questionnaire covering understanding of their hospitalization and discharge plan. Patients’ ability to recall discharge instructions and awareness of comprehension deficits, ie, ability to identify the misconceived information, were evaluated by comparing the questionnaires with the discharge letters. The population was divided into an older group (age ≥65 years and a younger group.Results: The older group (n=40 was less able to recall correct medication instructions when compared to the younger group (54% versus 78%, respectively; P=0.02. In multiple logistic regression analysis, correct recall of medication instructions was 4.2 times higher for the younger group compared to the older group (odds ratio 4.2, 95% confidence interval 1.5–11.9, P=0.007 when adjusted for sex and education. The older patients were less aware of their own comprehension deficits, and in respect to medication instructions awareness decreased 6.1% for each additional year of age (odds ratio 0.939, 95% confidence interval 0.904–0.98, P=0.001 when adjusted for sex and education.Conclusion: Older patients were less able to recall correct medication instructions and less aware of their comprehension deficits after discharge from a QDU

  15. Internet Search Engines

    OpenAIRE

    Fatmaa El Zahraa Mohamed Abdou

    2004-01-01

    A general study about the internet search engines, the study deals main 7 points; the differance between search engines and search directories, components of search engines, the percentage of sites covered by search engines, cataloging of sites, the needed time for sites appearance in search engines, search capabilities, and types of search engines.

  16. Internet Search Engines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatmaa El Zahraa Mohamed Abdou

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available A general study about the internet search engines, the study deals main 7 points; the differance between search engines and search directories, components of search engines, the percentage of sites covered by search engines, cataloging of sites, the needed time for sites appearance in search engines, search capabilities, and types of search engines.

  17. IEEE Xplore® Digital Library. Quick user guides

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Представлены руководства по работе с платформой IEEE Xplore® Digital Library, содержащей ресурсы в области электроники, радиосвязи, вычислительной техники, информационных технологий, энергетики, машиностроения, физики, химии, геологии, нанотехнологий на английском языке. Руководства: 1) Started with Your Search - Поиск, уточнение результатов, доступ к полнотекстовым документам, сохранение поисковых резкльтатов, расширенные функции; 2) Search and Save with Your File Cabinet - Поиск, уточнен...

  18. A comparison of Google Earth imagery and the homologous Quick Bird imagery being used in land-use classification%Google Earth影像与同源Quick Bird影像在城市土地利用分类上的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡琼; 张建; 徐保东; 李宗南

    2013-01-01

    Quick Bird(QB)、IKONOS等高分辨率遥感影像是Google Earth(GE)影像中的重要来源,经过图形化处理后,免费提供给公众浏览和使用.通过对相同区域、同期QB及其GE影像分别采取基于像素和面向对象的分类方法实施土地利用分类,对比分析两类影像在不同土地利用类型、不同分类方法上的分类效果,阐明GE影像进行土地利用分类的可行性,并就其在不同分类方法、不同分类类型情况下的适应性进行评价和建议.%The high-resolution remote sensing imagery such as Quick Bird (QB) and IKONOS are important imagery resources of Google Earth (GE). After processed graphically, such imagery are provided free of charge to the public to browse and use. In this study, both pixel-based and object-based classification methods were used to classify land-use classes respectively according to the GE imagery and the homologous QB imagery of the same area and time. Then, we compared the classification results of these two kinds of imagery in different land use classes and different classification methods. Based on the results gained above, we exponded the feasibility of using GE imagery in land-use classification and provided corresponding recommendations for the adaptability of using GE imagery in different situation of land use class and different classification methods.

  19. A Full-text Website Search Engine Powered by Lucene and The Depth First Search Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Modinat. A. Mabayoje

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available With the amount of available text data on the web growing rapidly, the need for users to search such information is dramatically increasing. Full text search engines and relational databases each have unique strengths as development tools but also have overlapping capabilities. Both can provide for storage and update of data and both support search of the data. Full text systems are better for quickly searching high volumes of unstructured text for the presence of any word or combination of words. They provide rich text search capabilities and sophisticated relevancy ranking tools for ordering results based on how well they match a potentially fuzzy search request. Relational databases, on the other hand, excel at storing and manipulating structured data -- records of fields of specific types (text, integer, currency, etc.. They can do so with little or no redundancy. They support flexible search of multiple record types for specific values of fields, as well strong tools for quickly and securely updating individual records. The web being a collection of largely unstructured document which is ever growing in size, the appeal of using RDBMS for searching this collection of documents has become very costly.This paper describes the architecture, design and implementation of a prototype website search engine powered by Lucene to search through any website. This approach involves the development of a small scale web crawler to gather information from the desired website. The gathered information are then converted to a Lucene document and stored in the index. The time taken to search the index is very short when compared with how long it takes for a relational database to process a query.

  20. 46 CFR 154.544 - Quick-closing shut-off valves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Quick-closing shut-off valves. 154.544 Section 154.544... and Process Piping Systems § 154.544 Quick-closing shut-off valves. The quick-closing shut-off valve under §§ 154.530, 154.532 and 154.538 must: (a) Be a shut-off valve; (b) Close from the time...

  1. GlycoGAIT: A web database to browse glycogenes and lectins under gastric inflammatory diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oommen, Anup Mammen; Somaiya, Neeti; Vijayan, Jisha; Kumar, Satheesh; Venkatachalam, Suri; Joshi, Lokesh

    2016-10-01

    The perplexing nature of dynamic glycosylation modification plays imperative role in determining the regulatory role of key glycoconjugates involved in immune system. Systematic analysis of change in expression pattern of glycogenes and lectins can bring in a comprehensive understanding of genetic basis of the glycobiological changes occurring in pathological condition. Advancement in the field of glycobiology has capacitated the process of linking gene expression changes of glycogenes with its biological function. This instigated us to systematically analyze changes in expression patterns focusing on glycome genomics under diverse gastrointestinal immune dysfunction background. To necessitate this, as a pilot project, we carefully integrated several publically available databases to construct a glycosylation process associated gene set as well as public expression microarray data associated with gastrointestinal infections into an online database called Glycosylation and Gut Associated Immune Tolerance (GlycoGAIT). Currently the database comprises of 548 well characterized genes belonging to glycogenes and lectins along with gene expression data obtained from human biopsy samples under both H. pylori infection and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) condition. The user-friendly interface enables the users to quickly compare and interpret changes in expression patterns of glycome genomics under different gut associated inflammatory conditions. The database is available online at: https://apps.connexios.com/glycogait/. PMID:27436239

  2. Calibration and validation of the 14C-labelled polyethylene glycol-binding assay for tannins in tropical browse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study evaluates the radiolabelled polyethylene glycol (PEG)-binding procedure [Silanikove, N., Shinder, D., Gilboa, N., Eyal, M., Nitsan, Z., 1996. Polyethylene glycol-binding to plant samples as an assay for the biological effects of tannins: predicting the negative effects of tannins in Mediterranean browse on rumen degradation. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44, 3230-3234] for tannin analysis, using 27 tropical browse plants. In this method, the amount of PEG bound to a plant sample is assumed to be a reflection of its tannin content. The method was modified to exclude the use of non-tanniniferous substrate for estimating non-specific binding (NSB) in tannin-containing substrates. Non-specific binding values varied widely (0.4-2.8 mg PEG/100 mg DM tannin-free substrate) when the tannin-free substrate was changed from wheat straw to either rye grass or maize shoots. We therefore propose a modified radiolabelled PEG-binding method to estimate the level of PEG-binding (PEGb) to tannin-containing foliage without using tannin-free substrate to correct for non-specific binding. In this approach, incremental levels of each tanniniferous substrate were used to generate PEGb values. The resultant linear response was analysed and tannin activity was expressed as the slope of the response curve (PEGbSlope) observed for each substrate. The slope takes into account the non-specific binding in each substrate, thus PEGbSlope does not require correction for NSB using tannin-free samples. This approach improved the correlation between PEGb and the 125I-labelled bovine serum albumin precipitation assay. Relationships between the modified PEG-binding assay and radiolabelled bovine serum albumin assay, in vitro tannin bioassay and colorimetric assays are presented. (author)

  3. Partial replacement of an artificial nectar diet with native browse for feather-tail gliders (Acrobates pygmaeus) in captivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrmann, Ella A; Herrin, Kimberly Vinette; Gleen, Wendy; Davies, Paul; Stapley, Rodd; Stebbings, Vanessa; Wiszniewski, Joanna; Spindler, Rebecca; Faichney, Graham J; Chaves, Alexandre V

    2013-01-01

    Captive-bred feather-tail gliders (Acrobates pygmaeus) housed at Taronga Zoo have had a long history of eye cholesterol plaques that may be associated with a largely sugar-based diet such as artificial nectar. The gliders also have prolonged periods of reduced activity when they are not visible in exhibits. This may be due to the ad libitum supply of an energy rich feed and reduced need to forage. This study examined behavioral and physiological changes associated with supplementing the high sugar-based diet with two species of native browse. The experiment was conducted over two consecutive periods of 3 weeks and consisted of two treatment groups: one group was offered the artificial nectar only, while the other group was offered the artificial nectar supplemented with a variety of native flowers. Live weight was recorded weekly. There was no change (P > 0.10) in artificial nectar intake with the supplementation of native browse in the diet. Blood metabolites (cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose) tested for the two groups had no differences (P > 0.10) between treatments. Upon examination, there were no signs of tooth decay or cholesterol plaques in all animals throughout the experiment. Feed intake and behavior were recorded via sensor cameras. There was an increase (P native flowers compared to gliders fed the artificial nectar alone. In conclusion, supplementing to provide a more native diet to A. pygmaeus enhanced their natural foraging behavior, suggesting that it may result in long-term improvements in their health.

  4. Calibration and validation of the {sup 14}C-labelled polyethylene glycol-binding assay for tannins in tropical browse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mlambo, V. [Animal Production Unit, FAO/IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, Seibersdorf (Austria)]. E-mail: vmlambo@agric.uniswa.sz; Makkar, H.P.S. [Animal Production and Health Section, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Agriculture and Food, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

    2005-08-19

    This study evaluates the radiolabelled polyethylene glycol (PEG)-binding procedure [Silanikove, N., Shinder, D., Gilboa, N., Eyal, M., Nitsan, Z., 1996. Polyethylene glycol-binding to plant samples as an assay for the biological effects of tannins: predicting the negative effects of tannins in Mediterranean browse on rumen degradation. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44, 3230-3234] for tannin analysis, using 27 tropical browse plants. In this method, the amount of PEG bound to a plant sample is assumed to be a reflection of its tannin content. The method was modified to exclude the use of non-tanniniferous substrate for estimating non-specific binding (NSB) in tannin-containing substrates. Non-specific binding values varied widely (0.4-2.8 mg PEG/100 mg DM tannin-free substrate) when the tannin-free substrate was changed from wheat straw to either rye grass or maize shoots. We therefore propose a modified radiolabelled PEG-binding method to estimate the level of PEG-binding (PEGb) to tannin-containing foliage without using tannin-free substrate to correct for non-specific binding. In this approach, incremental levels of each tanniniferous substrate were used to generate PEGb values. The resultant linear response was analysed and tannin activity was expressed as the slope of the response curve (PEGbSlope) observed for each substrate. The slope takes into account the non-specific binding in each substrate, thus PEGbSlope does not require correction for NSB using tannin-free samples. This approach improved the correlation between PEGb and the {sup 125}I-labelled bovine serum albumin precipitation assay. Relationships between the modified PEG-binding assay and radiolabelled bovine serum albumin assay, in vitro tannin bioassay and colorimetric assays are presented. (author)

  5. The EBI Search engine: providing search and retrieval functionality for biological data from EMBL-EBI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Squizzato, Silvano; Park, Young Mi; Buso, Nicola; Gur, Tamer; Cowley, Andrew; Li, Weizhong; Uludag, Mahmut; Pundir, Sangya; Cham, Jennifer A; McWilliam, Hamish; Lopez, Rodrigo

    2015-07-01

    The European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI-https://www.ebi.ac.uk) provides free and unrestricted access to data across all major areas of biology and biomedicine. Searching and extracting knowledge across these domains requires a fast and scalable solution that addresses the requirements of domain experts as well as casual users. We present the EBI Search engine, referred to here as 'EBI Search', an easy-to-use fast text search and indexing system with powerful data navigation and retrieval capabilities. API integration provides access to analytical tools, allowing users to further investigate the results of their search. The interconnectivity that exists between data resources at EMBL-EBI provides easy, quick and precise navigation and a better understanding of the relationship between different data types including sequences, genes, gene products, proteins, protein domains, protein families, enzymes and macromolecular structures, together with relevant life science literature.

  6. Event Index - an LHCb Event Search System

    CERN Document Server

    Ustyuzhanin, Andrey

    2015-01-01

    During LHC Run 1, the LHCb experiment recorded around 1011 collision events. This paper describes Event Index | an event search system. Its primary function is to quickly select subsets of events from a combination of conditions, such as the estimated decay channel or number of hits in a subdetector. Event Index is essentially Apache Lucene [1] optimized for read-only indexes distributed over independent shards on independent nodes.

  7. Event Index - an LHCb Event Search System

    OpenAIRE

    Ustyuzhanin, Andrey; Artemov, Alexey; Kazeev, Nikita; Redkin, Artem

    2015-01-01

    During LHC Run 1, the LHCb experiment recorded around $10^{11}$ collision events. This paper describes Event Index - an event search system. Its primary function is to quickly select subsets of events from a combination of conditions, such as the estimated decay channel or number of hits in a subdetector. Event Index is essentially Apache Lucene optimized for read-only indexes distributed over independent shards on independent nodes.

  8. News from the Library: Browse Library books directly from your desktop

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Library

    2011-01-01

    The collection of electronic books held by the Library is steadily expanding, but there are still many titles not available online. However, to some extent Google is bridging the gap.   Google Books is an initiative launched by Google in 2004, in collaboration with a range of publishers and large libraries, which provides the books online and enables searches of the text from cover to cover. For titles that are out of copyright, or in cases where Google has struck an agreement with the publisher, the entire books can be read online. For other books, users can still search in the entire text but, depending on the agreement reached with the publisher, they may only be able to read a limited amount of pages (limited preview) or a few lines of text (known as snippets). Google Books also provides additional information such as reviews and links to related titles. Today, there are more than 15 million scanned books in Google Books. Over the last few weeks, Google Books has been "mashed up&...

  9. Quantum Database Search can do without Sorting

    CERN Document Server

    Patel, A

    2001-01-01

    Sorting is a fundamental computational process, which facilitates subsequent searching of a database. It can be thought of as factorisation of the search process. The location of a desired item in a sorted database can be found by classical queries that inspect one letter of the label at a time. For an unsorted database, no such classical quick search algorithm is available. If the database permits quantum queries, however, then mere digitisation is sufficient for efficient search. Sorting becomes redundant with the quantum superposition of states. A quantum algorithm is written down which locates the desired item in an unsorted database a factor of two faster than the best classical algorithm can in a sorted database. This algorithm has close resemblance to the assembly process in DNA replication.

  10. Determination of Browse Intake and Nutrient Digestibility of Grazing West African Dwarf (WAD Goats Fed Varying Levels of Gmelina arborea Leaves as Supplements in Delta State Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Okpara

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The Research was carried out to assess the browse intake and nutrient digestibility of grazing West African Dwarf (WAD goats fed varying levels of Gmelina arborea leaves as supplement. Which produces appreciable amount of forage even at the peak of the dry season in the tropics, thereby ensuring all year round supply of follage and fodder. Thirty growing West Africa Dwarf (WAD goats were used to dertermine the level of browse intake and nutrient diggestibility by goats fed verying levels Gmelina arborea leaves as supplement. The goats were randomly divided into five groups of six animal per group. Goats in Treatment A were fed commercial growers mash, at 0.50 kg, Treatment B were fed 0.25 kg of Gmelina arborea Treatment C were fed 0.50 kg of Gmelina arborea leaves, Treatment D 0.75 kg and Treatment E 1.00 kg of Gmelina arborea leaves. Data were collected for thirteen weeks on browse intake and nutrient digestibility. Chemical analysis showed significantly (pPennisetum purpurem and growers mash. The values observed for growers mash for Nitrogen free extract and ether extract were higher than those observed in Gmelina arborea leaves and elephant grass. Significant differences (p<0.05existed for values recorded by the goats fed the different experimental diets. Goats fed Diet E had the highest (p<0.05 browse intake than Goat fed Diet D and C. Goat fed Diet B recorded the least significant (p<0.05 quantity of browse intake. Dry matter digestibility values as well as the crude protein difestibility were appreciably high for all animal fed the experimental diets. The goats fed diet E had the highest crude fibre digestibility followed by goats fed diest A and that of D, B and C respectively. Therefore, the study suggested 0.5 kg inclusion of Gmelina arborea leaves in the diet of grazing WAD goats as the optimum level for better performance.

  11. EEGVIS: A MATLAB Toolbox for Browsing, Exploring, and Viewing Large Datasets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, Kay A

    2012-01-01

    Recent advances in data monitoring and sensor technology have accelerated the acquisition of very large data sets. Streaming data sets from instrumentation such as multi-channel EEG recording usually must undergo substantial pre-processing and artifact removal. Even when using automated procedures, most scientists engage in laborious manual examination and processing to assure high quality data and to indentify interesting or problematic data segments. Researchers also do not have a convenient method of method of visually assessing the effects of applying any stage in a processing pipeline. EEGVIS is a MATLAB toolbox that allows users to quickly explore multi-channel EEG and other large array-based data sets using multi-scale drill-down techniques. Customizable summary views reveal potentially interesting sections of data, which users can explore further by clicking to examine using detailed viewing components. The viewer and a companion browser are built on our MoBBED framework, which has a library of modular viewing components that can be mixed and matched to best reveal structure. Users can easily create new viewers for their specific data without any programming during the exploration process. These viewers automatically support pan, zoom, resizing of individual components, and cursor exploration. The toolbox can be used directly in MATLAB at any stage in a processing pipeline, as a plug-in for EEGLAB, or as a standalone precompiled application without MATLAB running. EEGVIS and its supporting packages are freely available under the GNU general public license at http://visual.cs.utsa.edu/eegvis.

  12. Phagonaute: A web-based interface for phage synteny browsing and protein function prediction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delattre, Hadrien; Souiai, Oussema; Fagoonee, Khema; Guerois, Raphaël; Petit, Marie-Agnès

    2016-09-01

    Distant homology search tools are of great help to predict viral protein functions. However, due to the lack of profile databases dedicated to viruses, they can lack sensitivity. We constructed HMM profiles for more than 80,000 proteins from both phages and archaeal viruses, and performed all pairwise comparisons with HHsearch program. The whole resulting database can be explored through a user-friendly "Phagonaute" interface to help predict functions. Results are displayed together with their genetic context, to strengthen inferences based on remote homology. Beyond function prediction, this tool permits detections of co-occurrences, often indicative of proteins completing a task together, and observation of conserved patterns across large evolutionary distances. As a test, Herpes simplex virus I was added to Phagonaute, and 25% of its proteome matched to bacterial or archaeal viral protein counterparts. Phagonaute should therefore help virologists in their quest for protein functions and evolutionary relationships. PMID:27254594

  13. Assessing quick wins to protect critical urban infrastructure from floods: a case study in Bangkok, Thailand.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zevenbergen, Chris; Herk, S. van; Escarameia, M.; Gersonius, B.; Serre, D.; Walliman, N.; Bruijn, K.M. de; Graaf, Rutger de

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses on the vulnerability and protection of critical urban infrastructure from flooding. It presents a pragmatic and rapid screening procedure, referred to as a ‘Quick Scan methodology’. The purpose of the Quick Scan is to provide guidance for network operators and decision makers on i

  14. 40 CFR 22.18 - Quick resolution; settlement; alternative dispute resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quick resolution; settlement; alternative dispute resolution. 22.18 Section 22.18 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... REVOCATION/TERMINATION OR SUSPENSION OF PERMITS Prehearing Procedures § 22.18 Quick resolution;...

  15. The statistical model for the secondary quick reversals during the geomagnetic pole transition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    A statistical model for the quick reversals during a geomagnetic pole transition is put forward by combining the modern geomagnetic field and paleomagnetic field. The decrease of geomagnetic intensity determines the reversals, and the quick reversals are possibly caused by the interaction between g01 and the other geomagnetic components.

  16. The statistical model for the secondary quick reversals during the geomagnetic pole transition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘青松; 朱日祥; 潘永信; 郭斌

    2000-01-01

    A statistical model for the quick reversals during a geomagnetic pole transition is put forward by combining the modern geomagnetic field and paleomagnetic field. The decrease of geomagnetic intensity determines the reversals, and the quick reversals are possibly caused by the interaction between g10 and the other geomagnetic components.

  17. The force recovery following repeated quick releases applied to pig urinary bladder smooth muscle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. van Mastrigt (Ron)

    1991-01-01

    textabstractA method for measuring several quick-releases during one contraction of a pig urinary bladder smooth muscle preparation was developed. The force recovery following quick release in this muscle type was studied by fitting a multiexponential model to 926 responses measured during the first

  18. Improved Scatter Search Using Cuckoo Search

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed T.Sadiq Al-Obaidi

    2013-01-01

    The Scatter Search (SS) is a deterministic strategy that has been applied successfully to some combinatorial and continuous optimization problems. Cuckoo Search (CS) is heuristic search algorithm which is inspired by the reproduction strategy of cuckoos. This paper presents enhanced scatter search algorithm using CS algorithm. The improvement provides Scatter Search with random exploration for search space of problem and more of diversity and intensification for promising solutions. The origi...

  19. EMBANKS: Towards Disk Based Algorithms For Keyword-Search In Structured Databases

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta, Nitin

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, there has been a lot of interest in the field of keyword querying relational databases. A variety of systems such as DBXplorer [ACD02], Discover [HP02] and ObjectRank [BHP04] have been proposed. Another such system is BANKS, which enables data and schema browsing together with keyword-based search for relational databases. It models tuples as nodes in a graph, connected by links induced by foreign key and other relationships. The size of the database graph that BANKS uses is ...

  20. JournalMap: Geo-semantic searching for relevant knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecologists struggling to understand rapidly changing environments and evolving ecosystem threats need quick access to relevant research and documentation of natural systems. The advent of semantic and aggregation searching (e.g., Google Scholar, Web of Science) has made it easier to find useful lite...

  1. MEASURING THE PERFORMANCE OF SIMILARITY PROPAGATION IN AN SEMANTIC SEARCH ENGINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. K. Jayanthi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In the current scenario, web page result personalization is playing a vital role. Nearly 80 % of the users expect the best results in the first page itself without having any persistence to browse longer in URL mode. This research work focuses on two main themes: Semantic web search through online and Domain based search through offline. The first part is to find an effective method which allows grouping similar results together using BookShelf Data Structure and organizing the various clusters. The second one is focused on the academic domain based search through offline. This paper focuses on finding documents which are similar and how Vector space can be used to solve it. So more weightage is given for the principles and working methodology of similarity propagation. Cosine similarity measure is used for finding the relevancy among the documents.

  2. Quantum Search in Hilbert Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zak, Michail

    2003-01-01

    A proposed quantum-computing algorithm would perform a search for an item of information in a database stored in a Hilbert-space memory structure. The algorithm is intended to make it possible to search relatively quickly through a large database under conditions in which available computing resources would otherwise be considered inadequate to perform such a task. The algorithm would apply, more specifically, to a relational database in which information would be stored in a set of N complex orthonormal vectors, each of N dimensions (where N can be exponentially large). Each vector would constitute one row of a unitary matrix, from which one would derive the Hamiltonian operator (and hence the evolutionary operator) of a quantum system. In other words, all the stored information would be mapped onto a unitary operator acting on a quantum state that would represent the item of information to be retrieved. Then one could exploit quantum parallelism: one could pose all search queries simultaneously by performing a quantum measurement on the system. In so doing, one would effectively solve the search problem in one computational step. One could exploit the direct- and inner-product decomposability of the unitary matrix to make the dimensionality of the memory space exponentially large by use of only linear resources. However, inasmuch as the necessary preprocessing (the mapping of the stored information into a Hilbert space) could be exponentially expensive, the proposed algorithm would likely be most beneficial in applications in which the resources available for preprocessing were much greater than those available for searching.

  3. Routing Optimization Based on Taboo Search Algorithm for Logistic Distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongxue Yang

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Along with the widespread application of the electronic commerce in the modern business, the logistic distribution has become increasingly important. More and more enterprises recognize that the logistic distribution plays an important role in the process of production and sales. A good routing for logistic distribution can cut down transport cost and improve efficiency. In order to cut down transport cost and improve efficiency, a routing optimization based on taboo search for logistic distribution is proposed in this paper. Taboo search is a metaheuristic search method to perform local search used for logistic optimization. The taboo search is employed to accelerate convergence and the aspiration criterion is combined with the heuristics algorithm to solve routing optimization. Simulation experimental results demonstrate that the optimal routing in the logistic distribution can be quickly obtained by the taboo search algorithm

  4. Autonomous Search

    CERN Document Server

    Hamadi, Youssef; Saubion, Frédéric

    2012-01-01

    Decades of innovations in combinatorial problem solving have produced better and more complex algorithms. These new methods are better since they can solve larger problems and address new application domains. They are also more complex which means that they are hard to reproduce and often harder to fine-tune to the peculiarities of a given problem. This last point has created a paradox where efficient tools are out of reach of practitioners. Autonomous search (AS) represents a new research field defined to precisely address the above challenge. Its major strength and originality consist in the

  5. QuickFF: A program for a quick and easy derivation of force fields for metal-organic frameworks from ab initio input.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanduyfhuys, Louis; Vandenbrande, Steven; Verstraelen, Toon; Schmid, Rochus; Waroquier, Michel; Van Speybroeck, Veronique

    2015-05-15

    QuickFF is a software package to derive accurate force fields for isolated and complex molecular systems in a quick and easy manner. Apart from its general applicability, the program has been designed to generate force fields for metal-organic frameworks in an automated fashion. The force field parameters for the covalent interaction are derived from ab initio data. The mathematical expression of the covalent energy is kept simple to ensure robustness and to avoid fitting deficiencies as much as possible. The user needs to produce an equilibrium structure and a Hessian matrix for one or more building units. Afterward, a force field is generated for the system using a three-step method implemented in QuickFF. The first two steps of the methodology are designed to minimize correlations among the force field parameters. In the last step, the parameters are refined by imposing the force field parameters to reproduce the ab initio Hessian matrix in Cartesian coordinate space as accurate as possible. The method is applied on a set of 1000 organic molecules to show the easiness of the software protocol. To illustrate its application to metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), QuickFF is used to determine force fields for MIL-53(Al) and MOF-5. For both materials, accurate force fields were already generated in literature but they requested a lot of manual interventions. QuickFF is a tool that can easily be used by anyone with a basic knowledge of performing ab initio calculations. As a result, accurate force fields are generated with minimal effort. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. Web Search Engines: Search Syntax and Features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojala, Marydee

    2002-01-01

    Presents a chart that explains the search syntax, features, and commands used by the 12 most widely used general Web search engines. Discusses Web standardization, expanded types of content searched, size of databases, and search engines that include both simple and advanced versions. (LRW)

  7. MINING USER PREFERRED BROWSING PATHS BASED ON WEB LOGS%基于Web日志挖掘用户的浏览兴趣路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王思宝; 李银胜

    2012-01-01

    This paper puts forward an algorithm of discovering user preferred browsing paths from Web logs. The algorithm imports support-preference concept. By creating user access matrix, user's webpage browsing behaviour is represented, and the Hamming distance matrix of access matrix is obtained. The distance matrix and similarity threshold are computed, so the candidate preference sub-path 2-items set is gotten. According to support-preference threshold, the candidate sub-path set is further filtered. At last the preferred browsing paths are generated by merging sub-paths. Applying the algorithm in experiment, its effectiveness in reflecting users browsing interests is proved.%提出一种基于Web日志发现用户浏览偏爱路径算法.引入了支持-兴趣度概念.建立用户访问矩阵以表示用户浏览网页行为,并获得访问矩阵的海明距离矩阵.通过对距离矩阵与相似度阈值的计算获得偏爱路径的候选2项子路径,再利用支持-兴趣度对候选集做进一步的过滤,最后进行合并并生产浏览偏爱路径.实验表明该算法可以有效地反映用户的浏览兴趣.

  8. The consequences to browse in spanish vs. english when developing loyalty towards a tourist destination on internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Miguel Alcántara-Pilar

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This work analyzes whether the cultural values of a language influence when processing information from a website and its effect on the perceived risk online, on the development of positive attitudes toward a Web site and loyalties on the service offered therein. We propose an information-processing model based on TAM in which perceived risk online is an antecedent and consumer loyalty towards the service is the ultimate outcome In order to achieve this objective and test the proposed hypotheses, a between-subjects experimental design was chosen, using one independent variable namely with two level: processing language (Spanish vs. English. The final sample comprised 264 Spanish users. Half the sample browsed in Spanish, and the other half in English. The results demonstrated that the cultural dimension ‘uncertainty avoidance’ moderates the effect of perceived risk on perceived ease of use and usefulness. Perceived ease of use or perceived usefulness influenced to attitude towards the website, depending on whether the language used to process the information on the site conveys cultural values with a shorter or longer-term orientation. Languages, as a cultural framework, didn´t moderate the relationship between attitude towards the website and loyalty towards the tourist destination.

  9. 基于网页浏览行为的分析%Human Behavior Based on Web-Browsing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    米雪; 张宁

    2012-01-01

    The requests to a Web page can in fact be originated by a wide range of elements. The method of event intervals was used to filter out the contribution of automatic processes in the statistical study and the human behaviors from the aspects of both time intervals and event intervals were analysed. Through studying the database of access history to the internet, the character of web-browsing were deeply inspected.%很多因素可以引起页面的发送请求,使用统计事件间隔的方法来过滤掉非正常访问的过程,并且对比事件间隔和时间间隔的分布规律,对用户浏览网页的行为进行分析.研究国内某高校局域网日志,统计结果显示:这个高校局域网用户访问网页的事件间隔分布也具有明显的规律性,且和用户访问网页的时间间隔分布表现出了明显的差异.

  10. 77 FR 27443 - Quick Path Information Disclosure Statement (QPIDS) Pilot Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-10

    ..., Revision of Patent Term Adjustment Provisions Relating to Information Disclosure Statements, 76 FR 74700... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE United States Patent and Trademark Office Quick Path Information Disclosure Statement (QPIDS)...

  11. Technical Support Document: 50% Energy Savings for Quick-Service Restaurants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Jian; Schrock, D. W.; Fisher, D. R.; Livchak, A.; Zabrowski, D. A.; Athalye, Rahul A.; Liu, Bing

    2010-09-30

    Document describing PNNL's project to develop a package of energy efficiency measures that demonstrate the feasibility of achieving a 50% energy savings for quick-service restaurants with a simple payback of 5 years or less.

  12. BioEve Search: A Novel Framework to Facilitate Interactive Literature Search.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Syed Toufeeq; Davulcu, Hasan; Tikves, Sukru; Nair, Radhika; Zhao, Zhongming

    2012-01-01

    Background. Recent advances in computational and biological methods in last two decades have remarkably changed the scale of biomedical research and with it began the unprecedented growth in both the production of biomedical data and amount of published literature discussing it. An automated extraction system coupled with a cognitive search and navigation service over these document collections would not only save time and effort, but also pave the way to discover hitherto unknown information implicitly conveyed in the texts. Results. We developed a novel framework (named "BioEve") that seamlessly integrates Faceted Search (Information Retrieval) with Information Extraction module to provide an interactive search experience for the researchers in life sciences. It enables guided step-by-step search query refinement, by suggesting concepts and entities (like genes, drugs, and diseases) to quickly filter and modify search direction, and thereby facilitating an enriched paradigm where user can discover related concepts and keywords to search while information seeking. Conclusions. The BioEve Search framework makes it easier to enable scalable interactive search over large collection of textual articles and to discover knowledge hidden in thousands of biomedical literature articles with ease. PMID:22693501

  13. The effect of drying and urea treatment on nutritional and anti-nutritional components of browses collected during wet and dry seasons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vitti, D.M.S.S. [Centre for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture, University of Sao Paulo, Piracicaba, SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: dovitti@cena.usp.br; Nozella, E.F.; Abdalla, A.L.; Bueno, I.C.S.; Longo, C.; Cabral Filho, S.L.S.; Godoy, P.B. [Centre for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture, University of Sao Paulo, Piracicaba, SP (Brazil); Silva Filho, J.C. [Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG (Brazil); Costa, C. [Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia, UNESP, Botucatu, SP (Brazil); Bueno, M.S. [Instituto de Zootecnia, Nova Odessa, SP (Brazil); Vieira, M.E.Q. [Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil); Mueller-Harvey, I. [Agriculture Department, University of Reading, Reading (United Kingdom)

    2005-08-19

    Fibre, crude protein and tannin concentrations were measured in browse species from the semi-arid region of Northeast Brazil during the dry and wet seasons. The effects of oven-, sun- and shade-drying and of urea treatment were also determined. Crude protein (CP) content varied from 103 to 161 g/kg dry matter (DM) and the browses had similar CP content in the two seasons (during 2002) (102-161 and 107-153 g/kg DM in the wet and dry seasons, respectively). Total tannin concentrations ranged from 13 to 201 g/kg DM amongst the browses and were higher in the dry season. A 30-d treatment with urea reduced extractable tannins significantly (P < 0.05). The urea treatment was also most effective at reducing the in vitro effects of tannins compared to the other drying treatments. This was demonstrated by measuring the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG) on gas production. Addition of PEG increased gas production of oven- (81.4%), sun- (78.5%) and shade-dried (76.7%) samples much more compared to urea treated samples (10.9%). (author)

  14. Educational outreach and impacts of white-tailed deer browse on native and invasive plants at the Crooked Creek Environmental Learning Center, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsay, Lisa O.

    Overabundance of deer can assist the intrusion of invasive plants through browse, leading to homogenization of plant communities. Public attitudes towards native and invasive plant species and white-tailed deer browse related to personal experiences, can be changed through education focusing public awareness of ramifications of deer browse on native and invasive plants. I developed an interactive, interpretive Self-Guided Walking Tour brochure of the "You Can Trail" to provide an educational outreach program for visitors of Crooked Creek Environmental Learning Center that includes ecologically important native and invasive plants species from my investigation. This research study focuses on the overall abundance of native and invasive plant species once Odocoileus virginianus have been removed from the landscape during collection periods in June and September 2013 from exclosure and access plots that were maintained for seven years. Similarity of abundance were found in native and invasive abundance of forbs, bushes and percentage of ground cover. Differences included native bush volume being greater than invasive bush volume in the access plot in June with opposing results in the exclosure plot, being greater in invasive bush volume. However, in September, native and invasive bush volume was similar within the exclosure plot, while invasive bush volume decreased in the access plot. Invasive vines recorded in the June access plot were absent in the September collection period.

  15. Quick release stoplog design for the Nova Scotia Power Harmony Dam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hibbs, R. [Hatch Energy, St. John' s, NL (Canada); Snyder, G. [Hatch Energy, Fredericton, NB (Canada); McEwen, D. [Hatch Energy, Niagara Falls, ON (Canada); Locke, E. [Nova Scotia Power, Halifax, NS (Canada)

    2008-07-01

    In 2003 Nova Scotia Power conducted a dam safety evaluation for the Harmony Hydro System on the Medway River. Flood control at the main dam was performed using crest boards on the overflow section and stoplogs in the sluiceway bays. This process was time consuming, labour intensive and possibly dangerous. A flood analysis had demonstrated that the spillway could not handle the design flood with adequate freeboard, even assuming that all crest boards and stoplogs could be removed. The flood handling capacity of the dam was therefore redesigned, so that infrequent flood events could be passed without any user intervention and larger floods could be passed with the use of quick-release stoplogs. In 2006 and 2007, six bays of quick-release stoplogs, a sluice gate and upgraded overflow spillway were installed. The quick-release stoplogs featured a novel release mechanism consisting of a roller and lever arm, which significantly reduced the effort to release the stoplogs when compared with a typical pull-pin release mechanism. This paper described the novel quick-release mechanism that utilized a lever and roller instead of a pull-pin. The paper discussed the successful design, installation and testing of the quick-release mechanism at the main sluiceway on the Harmony Main Dam in Nova Scotia. The paper described the facility and discussed engineering work that was performed by Hatch Energy between 2003 and 2006. The disadvantages of quick-release stoplogs were also identified. Other topics that were discussed included fabrication and installation as well as commissioning and operation. It was concluded that quick-release stoplog spillways could be cost-effective and efficient elements for flood handling. A difficult design component of traditional quick-release designs has been the pull-pin which releases the central column. Under load conditions, the pull pin can jam and prevent release of the stoplogs. 9 figs.

  16. Quick moment tensor solution for 6 April 2009, L'Aquila, Italy, earthquake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chao Liu; Lisheng Xu; Yuntai Chen

    2009-01-01

    A MW6.4 earthquake occurred in L'Aquila, central Italy at 1:32:42 (UTC), April 6, 2009. We quickly obtained the moment tensor solution of the earthquake by inverting the P waveforms of broadband recordings from the global seismo-graphic network (GSN) stations using the quick technique of moment tensor inversion, and further inferred that the nodal plane of strike 132°, dip 53° and rake -103° is the seismogenic fault.

  17. The Preliminary Study on the Small-scale Test of the Microbial Quick-degumming Ramie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴瑜; XU Ming-yao; CHEN Fei-ming; HU Yu-hua; WANG Shou-guo

    2008-01-01

    During the experiments with low temperature plasma treating the ramie degumming microbe, the authors found some kinds of microbe which can degum ramie in 5-6L fluid very quickly. In comparison with some standards of microbiological experiments, 5L or 6L-scale can be called the small-scale. Therefore, the authors believe that the experiments of the microbial quick-degumming ramie can be enlarged from the laboratory-scale test to be applied in the future.

  18. Health Implications of Adults' Eating at and Living near Fast Food or Quick Service Restaurants

    OpenAIRE

    Jiao, J.; Moudon, A V; Kim, S. Y.; Hurvitz, P M; Drewnowski, A

    2015-01-01

    Background: This paper examined whether the reported health impacts of frequent eating at a fast food or quick service restaurant on health were related to having such a restaurant near home. Methods: Logistic regressions estimated associations between frequent fast food or quick service restaurant use and health status, being overweight or obese, having a cardiovascular disease or diabetes, as binary health outcomes. In all, 2001 participants in the 2008–2009 Seattle Obesity Study survey wer...

  19. A new version of the NeQuick ionosphere electron density model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nava, B.; Coïsson, P.; Radicella, S. M.

    2008-12-01

    NeQuick is a three-dimensional and time dependent ionospheric electron density model developed at the Aeronomy and Radiopropagation Laboratory of the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste, Italy and at the Institute for Geophysics, Astrophysics and Meteorology of the University of Graz, Austria. It is a quick-run model particularly tailored for trans-ionospheric applications that allows one to calculate the electron concentration at any given location in the ionosphere and thus the total electron content (TEC) along any ground-to-satellite ray-path by means of numerical integration. Taking advantage of the increasing amount of available data, the model formulation is continuously updated to improve NeQuick capabilities to provide representations of the ionosphere at global scales. Recently, major changes have been introduced in the model topside formulation and important modifications have also been introduced in the bottomside description. In addition, specific revisions have been applied to the computer package associated to NeQuick in order to improve its computational efficiency. It has therefore been considered appropriate to finalize all the model developments in a new version of the NeQuick. In the present work the main features of NeQuick 2 are illustrated and some results related to validation tests are reported.

  20. On Internet Users' Information Behavior in Searching and Browsing%因特网用户信息检索与浏览行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓小昭

    2003-01-01

    分别揭示了因特网用户信息检索、信息浏览行为的特点,比较了网上信息浏览与检索行为中的用户信息需求认知建构过程,并在此基础上提出了浏览/检索整合式的网上信息查寻模式.

  1. Using Google Search Appliance (GSA) to search digital library collections: A Case Study of the INIS Collection Search

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Google Search has established a new standard for information retrieval which did not exist with previous generations of library search facilities. The INIS hosts one of the world’s largest collections of published information on the peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology. It offers on-line access to a unique collection of 3.6 million bibliographic records and 483,000 full texts of non-conventional (grey) literature. This large digital library collection suffered from most of the well-known shortcomings of the classic library catalogue. Searching was complex and complicated, it required training in Boolean logic, full-text searching was not an option, and response time was slow. An opportune moment to improve the system came with the retirement of the previous catalogue software and the adoption of GSA as an organization-wide search engine standard. INIS was quick to realize the potential of using such a well-known application to replace its on-line catalogue. This paper presents the advantages and disadvantages encountered during three years of GSA use. Based on specific INIS-based practice and experience, this paper also offers some guidelines on ways to improve classic collections of millions of bibliographic and full-text documents, while reaping multiple benefits, such as increased use, accessibility, usability, expandability and improving user search and retrieval experiences. (author)

  2. Improved Scatter Search Using Cuckoo Search

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed T.Sadiq Al-Obaidi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The Scatter Search (SS is a deterministic strategy that has been applied successfully to some combinatorial and continuous optimization problems. Cuckoo Search (CS is heuristic search algorithm which is inspired by the reproduction strategy of cuckoos. This paper presents enhanced scatter search algorithm using CS algorithm. The improvement provides Scatter Search with random exploration for search space of problem and more of diversity and intensification for promising solutions. The original and improved Scatter Search has been tested on Traveling Salesman Problem. A computational experiment with benchmark instances is reported. The results demonstrate that the improved Scatter Search algorithms produce better performance than original Scatter Search algorithm. The improvement in the value of average fitness is 23.2% comparing with original SS. The developed algorithm has been compared with other algorithms for the same problem, and the result was competitive with some algorithm and insufficient with another.

  3. 浅谈QuickBird遥感卫星影像几何精校正%Discussion about Geometry Accurate Rectification for QuickBird Remote Sensing Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万里红; 杨武年; 李天华; 夏涛; 简季; 刘汉湖

    2007-01-01

    QuickBird卫星影像是目前商用高精度遥感图像,因其空间分辨率较高,数据产品格式复杂,目前在实际应用中对其几何精校正(包括正射校正)还存在许多问题.本文就近年来承担有关项目--高精度遥感图像在西藏、云南、四川等地区机场建设工程应用的基础上,探讨了QuickBird卫星影像的几何精校正方法、原理以及高精度正射遥感影像地图制图工艺的关键性技术问题.

  4. Ionospheric Correction Based on Ingestion of Global Ionospheric Maps into the NeQuick 2 Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao Yu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The global ionospheric maps (GIMs, generated by Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL and Center for Orbit Determination in Europe (CODE during a period over 13 years, have been adopted as the primary source of data to provide global ionospheric correction for possible single frequency positioning applications. The investigation aims to assess the performance of new NeQuick model, NeQuick 2, in predicting global total electron content (TEC through ingesting the GIMs data from the previous day(s. The results show good performance of the GIMs-driven-NeQuick model with average 86% of vertical TEC error less than 10 TECU, when the global daily effective ionization indices (Az versus modified dip latitude (MODIP are constructed as a second order polynomial. The performance of GIMs-driven-NeQuick model presents variability with solar activity and behaves better during low solar activity years. The accuracy of TEC prediction can be improved further through performing a four-coefficient function expression of Az versus MODIP. As more measurements from earlier days are involved in the Az optimization procedure, the accuracy may decrease. The results also reveal that more efforts are needed to improve the NeQuick 2 model capabilities to represent the ionosphere in the equatorial and high-latitude regions.

  5. Performance of the Galileo broadcast NeQuick model: Comparison with GPS and JASON TEC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ningbo; Yuan, Yunbin; Li, Zishen

    2016-04-01

    Performances of Galileo NeQuick model are analyzed over the continental and oceanic regions for the whole year of 2013. The three broadcast coefficients of NeQuick are computed from 23 globally distributed tracking stations of the International GNSS Services (IGS), by ingesting the Global Positioning System (GPS) derived ionospheric total electron content (TEC) into the original NeQuick 2 model. In continental regions, the ionospheric TEC derived from 34 IGS stations are used as references for the comparison. In oceanic regions, where the IGS stations are sparse,high-quality vertical TEC sources provided by JASON 1 and 2 altimeters are used as references. GPS broadcast Klobuchar, the original and broadcast NeQuick can mitigate the ionospheric delay by 56.8%, 63.3% and 72.4%, respectively, when compared to GPS TEC. The three models can correct 51.1%, 61.2 % and 68.6% of the ionospheric delay when compared to JASON TEC. Galileo NeQuick model outperforms Klobuchar by 15.6% and 17.5% over the continental and oceanic regions, respectively, for the test period.

  6. Ionospheric correction based on ingestion of global ionospheric maps into the NeQuick 2 model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Xiao; She, Chengli; Zhen, Weimin; Bruno, Nava; Liu, Dun; Yue, Xinan; Ou, Ming; Xu, Jisheng

    2015-01-01

    The global ionospheric maps (GIMs), generated by Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and Center for Orbit Determination in Europe (CODE) during a period over 13 years, have been adopted as the primary source of data to provide global ionospheric correction for possible single frequency positioning applications. The investigation aims to assess the performance of new NeQuick model, NeQuick 2, in predicting global total electron content (TEC) through ingesting the GIMs data from the previous day(s). The results show good performance of the GIMs-driven-NeQuick model with average 86% of vertical TEC error less than 10 TECU, when the global daily effective ionization indices (Az) versus modified dip latitude (MODIP) are constructed as a second order polynomial. The performance of GIMs-driven-NeQuick model presents variability with solar activity and behaves better during low solar activity years. The accuracy of TEC prediction can be improved further through performing a four-coefficient function expression of Az versus MODIP. As more measurements from earlier days are involved in the Az optimization procedure, the accuracy may decrease. The results also reveal that more efforts are needed to improve the NeQuick 2 model capabilities to represent the ionosphere in the equatorial and high-latitude regions. PMID:25815369

  7. Faceted Semantic Search for Personalized Social Search

    OpenAIRE

    Mas, Massimiliano Dal

    2012-01-01

    Actual social networks (like Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin, ...) need to deal with vagueness on ontological indeterminacy. In this paper is analyzed the prototyping of a faceted semantic search for personalized social search using the "joint meaning" in a community environment. User researches in a "collaborative" environment defined by folksonomies can be supported by the most common features on the faceted semantic search. A solution for the context-aware personalized search is based on "join...

  8. QuickReduce: Data reduction pipeline for the WIYN One Degree Imager

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotulla, Ralf

    2014-02-01

    QuickReduce quickly reduces data for ODI and is optimized for a first data inspection during acquisition at the the telescope. When installed on the ODI observer's interface, QuickReduce, coded in Python, performs all basic reduction steps as well as more advanced corrections for pupil-ghost removal, fringe correction and masking of persistent pixels and is capable enough for science-quality data reductions. It can also add an accurate astrometric WCS solution based on the 2MASS reference system as well as photometric zeropoint calibration for frames covered by the SDSS foot-print. The pipeline makes use of multiple CPU-cores wherever possible, resulting in an execution time of only a few seconds per frame, thus offering the ODI observer a convenient way to closely monitor data quality.

  9. Google Ajax Search API

    CERN Document Server

    Fitzgerald, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Use the Google Ajax Search API to integrateweb search, image search, localsearch, and other types of search intoyour web site by embedding a simple, dynamicsearch box to display search resultsin your own web pages using a fewlines of JavaScript. For those who do not want to write code,the search wizards and solutions builtwith the Google Ajax Search API generatecode to accomplish common taskslike adding local search results to a GoogleMaps API mashup, adding videosearch thumbnails to your web site, oradding a news reel with the latest up todate stories to your blog. More advanced users can

  10. Quick radioimmunoassay for plasma immunoreactive gastrin. Application for localizing occult gastrinoma(s) during operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A rapid method for determining gastrin, quick gastrin, has been developed. Separation/washing procedure has been improved and can be completed within three minutes. It required only 48 minutes for the assay of 22 blood samples. Quick gastrin is a RIA that uses magnetic particles. On magnetic particles, a goat anti-rabbit IgG antibody is bound covalently. An anti-human gastrin rabbit antibody is bound to an anti-rabbit IgG antibody. Assay is started by adding the magnetic particles to a mixture of sample and 125I-gastrin. Following 30 minute incubation at 37degC, the particles are sedimented in a magnetic field and washed. The gastrin content of the sample is then quantitated by counting radioactivity of the particles. Incomplete equilibration of antigen-antibody reaction is corrected using standard solution prepared from charcoal treated plasma. The immunoreactive gastrin values by quick gastrin correlated well with those by a commercial assay kit (Gammadab RIA kit; y=1.01x+4.3, r=0.99). When compared to a reported conventional rapid assay, quick gastrin is easier and more accurate. Quick gastrin is sensitive enough to use for intra-operative determination of gastrin. We applied quick gastrin to the samples obtained from intra-operative secretin test in a gastrinoma patient. Twofold increase in gastrin after injection of secretin clearly indicated the existence of occult gastrinomas in her pancreas. When gastrin was assayed with the conventional rapid method, the increase in gastrin was less and did not reach the criteria for existence of gastrinoma. (author)

  11. REALIZATION OF QUICK-LOOK IMAGING FOR SPACEBORNE SAR BASED ON PARALLEL PROCESSING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tang Zhi; Zhou Yinqing; Li Jingwen

    2004-01-01

    Large range cell migration is a severe challenge to imaging algorithm for spaceborne SAR. Based on design of Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filter and Range Doppler (RD) algorithm,a realization of quick-look imaging for large range cell migration is proposed. It realized quicklook imaging of 8 times reduced resolution with parallel processing on memory shared 8 CPU SGI server. According to simulation experiment, this quick-look imaging algorithm with parallel processing can image 16384× 16384 SAR raw data within 6 seconds. It reaches the requirement of real-time imaging.

  12. Effect of Reactivity of Quick Lime on the Properties of Hydrated Lime Sorbent for SO2 Removal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    H.G.Shin; H.Kim; Y.N.Kim; H.S.Lee

    2009-01-01

    The hydration of quick lime and the sulfation of hydrated lime were carried out for verification of relationship between the reactivity of quick lime and the properties of hydrated lime as a sorbent.The effect of reactivity of quick lime was investigated with the change of calcination temperature and time.Results obtained showed that the temperature rise during the hydration of quick limes varied from 31 to 69℃ with the variation of calcination temperature and time.The specific surface area and the sulfation ability of hydrated lime prepared by hydration of quick lime showed a proportional relationship with the reactivity of quick lime.The hydrated lime which was prepared by hydration of quick lime calcined at 1100℃ had the highest reactivity and showed 41.53 m2/g of the specific surface area, 0.16 cm3/g of the pore volume and 87% of the removal efficiency for SO2 removal.

  13. How doctors search

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lykke, Marianne; Price, Susan; Delcambre, Lois

    2012-01-01

    Professional, workplace searching is different from general searching, because it is typically limited to specific facets and targeted to a single answer. We have developed the semantic component (SC) model, which is a search feature that allows searchers to structure and specify the search...... to context-specific aspects of the main topic of the documents. We have tested the model in an interactive searching study with family doctors with the purpose to explore doctors’ querying behaviour, how they applied the means for specifying a search, and how these features contributed to the search outcome....... In general, the doctors were capable of exploiting system features and search tactics during the searching. Most searchers produced well-structured queries that contained appropriate search facets. When searches failed it was not due to query structure or query length. Failures were mostly caused by the well...

  14. Sketch Annotation Based Video Browsing%一种基于草图注释的视频浏览技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹启; 马翠霞; 倪美娟; 张艳秋; 王宏安; 戴国忠

    2013-01-01

    To browse and locate video efficiently,a sketch-based video annotation and browsing technique is proposed in this paper.First,key frames are extracted according to the features in the video,and static and dynamic sketch annotations are interactively specified for the video.Then a personalized sketch-library is created based on the key frames and interactive sketch annotations.Finally,a sketch based interface via gesture commands is proposed to perform interactive video operations.Experimental results show that the proposed sketch annotation and interaction can improve the efficiency of video browsing,understanding and interaction,and brings better user experiences.%针对视频的高效浏览和定位问题,提出一种基于草图注释的视频浏览技术.首先根据视频流中各帧的特征点提取关键帧;然后利用草图为视频的主要内容添加静态和动态注释,并结合提取的关键帧生成表征视频内容的个性化视频信息库;最后定义草图手势库来进行相关的视频交互操作.实验结果表明,该技术可有效地组织视频语义信息,提高视频的浏览、理解与交互的效率,并具有较高的用户满意度.

  15. Deer over-browsing of forest understory vegetation alters the pattern of nitrate loss to streamwater in forested watersheds in Ashiu, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukushima, K.; Sakai, M.; Sakaguchi, S.; Iwai, Y.; Hasegawa, A.; Nishioka, Y.; Fujii, H.; Tokuchi, N.; Yoshioka, T.; Takayanagi, A.

    2011-12-01

    Ecosystem degradation by large herbivorous mammals becomes a serious issue worldwide. Since 2000's in Japan, over-browsing of forest understory vegetation by Japanese deer (Cervus nippon centrails) has been pronounced. Loss of plant biodiversity and decreasing in biomass at the forest understory may result in the changes in streamwater chemistry and nutrient loss from forest ecosystem, but the knowledge remains still limited. The main goal of this study was to elucidate the effects of deer over-browsing on streamwater chemistry and nitrogen (N) loss; especially focusing on the seasonality of nitrate concentration and annual nitrate loss, by comparing a 13 ha watershed surrounded by the deer-excluded fence to its adjacent 19 ha control watershed, in cool-temperate forest in Ashiu, Japan. We have collected streamwater samples monthly at 4 first-order streams (0.3 - 2.3 ha) and 1 second-order stream (13 - 19 ha) within each watershed, and analyzed nitrate concentration by ion chromatography since June 2006 when the fence was established. The rate of streamwater discharge was obtained from a Parshall flume by measuring water level. Annual loss of nitrate was calculated by multiplying stream flow by the concentration. As for the understory vegetation, number of species, vegetation cover, and Shannon's H' as an indicator of biodiversity were observed in two 800 m2 plots established in the lower slope and upper slope within each watershed. Nitrogen uptake by understory vegetation was determined by cutting all grasses and seedlings within 145 1 m2 quadrats throughout watersheds and measuring dry weights and N contents by NC analyzer. In the fenced watershed, number of species, vegetation cover, and Shannon's H' of understories remarkably increased at the lower-stream slope and slightly increased at the upper-ridge slope, while in the unfenced watershed, they had no change or decreased at the both slope. The nitrate concentration of stream water was lower during plant

  16. NeuroTerrain – a client-server system for browsing 3D biomedical image data sets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nissanov Jonathan

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Three dimensional biomedical image sets are becoming ubiquitous, along with the canonical atlases providing the necessary spatial context for analysis. To make full use of these 3D image sets, one must be able to present views for 2D display, either surface renderings or 2D cross-sections through the data. Typical display software is limited to presentations along one of the three orthogonal anatomical axes (coronal, horizontal, or sagittal. However, data sets precisely oriented along the major axes are rare. To make fullest use of these datasets, one must reasonably match the atlas' orientation; this involves resampling the atlas in planes matched to the data set. Traditionally, this requires the atlas and browser reside on the user's desktop; unfortunately, in addition to being monolithic programs, these tools often require substantial local resources. In this article, we describe a network-capable, client-server framework to slice and visualize 3D atlases at off-axis angles, along with an open client architecture and development kit to support integration into complex data analysis environments. Results Here we describe the basic architecture of a client-server 3D visualization system, consisting of a thin Java client built on a development kit, and a computationally robust, high-performance server written in ANSI C++. The Java client components (NetOStat support arbitrary-angle viewing and run on readily available desktop computers running Mac OS X, Windows XP, or Linux as a downloadable Java Application. Using the NeuroTerrain Software Development Kit (NT-SDK, sophisticated atlas browsing can be added to any Java-compatible application requiring as little as 50 lines of Java glue code, thus making it eminently re-useable and much more accessible to programmers building more complex, biomedical data analysis tools. The NT-SDK separates the interactive GUI components from the server control and monitoring, so as to support

  17. Using a Google Search Appliance (GSA to search digital library collections: a case study of the INIS Collection Search

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dobrica Savic

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Libraries are facing many challenges today. In addition to diminishing funding and increased user expectations, the use of classic library catalogues is becoming an additional challenge. Library users require fast and easy access to information resources regardless whether the format used is paper or electronic. Google search, with its speed and simplicity, set up a new standard for information retrieval which is hard to achieve with the previous generation of library search facilities. Put in a position of David versus Goliath, many small, and even larger libraries, are losing the battle with Google and letting many of its users use Google rather than library catalogues.The International Nuclear Information System (INIS hosts one of the world’s largest collections of published information on the peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology. It offers online access to a unique collection of 3.6 million bibliographic records and 320,000 full-texts of non-conventional (grey literature. This large digital library collection suffered from most of the well-known shortcomings of the classic library catalogue. Searching was complex and complicated, required some training in using Boolean logic, full-text searching was not an option, and the response time was slow. An opportune moment came with the retirement of the previous catalogue software and with the adoption of Google Search Appliance (GSA as an organization-wide search engine standard. INIS was quick to realize a great potential in using such a well-known application as a replacement for its online catalogue and this paper presents the advantages and disadvantages encountered during three years of GSA use. Based on specific INIS-based practice and experience, this paper also offers some guidelines on ways to improve classic collections of millions of bibliographic and full-text documents, while achieving multiple benefits such as increased use, accessibility, usability, expandability and

  18. Browsing to the Max

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    A Beijing-based Web browser is gaining global market share on October 28, just one day before the Internet’s 40th birth- day, Beijing-based technology firm Maxthon International Ltd. announced the establishment of China’s largest browser research and development center.

  19. Budget Cuts: Financial Aid Offices Face Budget Cuts and Increasing Workload. Quick Scan Survey Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (NJ1), 2010

    2010-01-01

    The majority of college financial aid offices have seen cuts to their operating budgets this year compared to the 2007-08 academic year when the recession began, according to the National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrator's latest QuickScan Survey. Sixty-two percent of financial aid offices reported operating budget cuts this year…

  20. Quick repositioning maneuver for horizontal semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jinrang Li; Pengfei Guo; Shiyu Tian; Keliang Li; Hao Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the efficacy of quick repositioning maneuver for horizontal semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (H-BPPV). Methods:Clinical data of 67 patients with H-BPPV who underwent quick repositioning maneuver in our hospital from July 2009 to November 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The maneuver involved rotating the patient in the axial plane for 180? from the involved side towards contralateral side as quickly as possible. Results:Complete symptom resolution was achieved in 61 patients (91.0%) at one week and in 64 patients (95.5%) at 3 months post-treatment. During the repositioning maneuver process, there were no obvious untoward responses except transient nausea with or without vomiting in a few patients. Conclusion:The results indicate that the quick repositioning maneuver is an easy and effective alternative treatment in the management of H-BPPV. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Production & hosting by Elsevier (Singapore) Pte Ltd On behalf of PLA General Hospital Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

  1. Writing reports to get results quick, effective results using the pyramid method

    CERN Document Server

    Blicq, Ron S

    2001-01-01

    The professional's quick-reference handbook for writing business and technical reports Professionals in business, government, and technical fields often need help in organizing and writing reports for associates, clients, and managers. This simple tutorial handbook offers expert tips and useful ideas for organizing ideas, structuring reports, and adding spice to technical papers.

  2. A Clinician's Quick Guide of Evidence-Based Approaches Number 2: Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moulds, Michelle L.; Werner-Seidler, Aliza; Dalgleish, Tim

    2013-01-01

    This quick guide presents resources for clinicians on evidence-based approaches for assessing and treating depression. It also briefly describes the mood disorder module of the clinician administered Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders, treatment approaches, and new and emerging developments demonstrating the effectiveness of…

  3. Cross-Validation of the Quick Word Test as an Estimator of Adult Mental Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grotelueschen, Arden; McQuarrie, Duncan

    1970-01-01

    This report provides additional evidence that the Quick Word Test (Level 2, Form AM) is valid for estimating adult mental ability as defined by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. The validation sample is also described to facilitate use of the conversion table developed in the cross-validation analysis. (Author/LY)

  4. Quick titration of pergolide in cotreatment with domperidone is safe and effective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, PAF; Herings, RMC; Samson, MM; Schuurmans-Daemen, LMPJ; Hovestadt, A; Verhaar, HJJ; Van Laar, T; de Vreede, P.

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to analyze efficacy and safety of quick pergolide titration combined with domperidone. In an open-label prospective study, pergolide was titrated in 16 days to a maximum of 3 mg/d doses as adjunctive treatment to L-Dopa in 10 elderly patients with Parkinson's disease. Si

  5. Active vibration control of multibody system with quick startup and brake based on active damping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Hua-ping; TANG Yun-jun; TAO Gong-an

    2006-01-01

    A kind of active vibration control method was presented based on active damping and optimization design for driving load of multibody system with quick startup and brake. Dynamical equation of multibody system with quick startup and brake and piezoelectric actuators intelligent structure was built. The optimum driving load was calculated by applying the presented method. The self-sensing and self-tuning closed-loop active vibration control in quick startup and brake process was realized. The control algorithm, using local velocity negative feedback, i.e. the output of a sensor only affects the output of the actuator collocated, can induce damping effectively to actively suppress the system vibration. Based on the optimization design for driving load of multibody system with quick startup and bake, the active damping of piezoelectric actuators intelligent structure was used to farther suppress the vibration of system. Theoretical analysis and calculation of numerical show that the proposed method makes the vibration of system decrease more than the optimal design method for driving load of multibody system.

  6. Olive quick decline in Italy is associated with unique strain of Xylella fastidiosa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olive quick decline syndrome (OQDS) is a destructive new disease currently affecting approximately 20,000 acres of olive in southern Italy—an area approximately the size of California’s table olive production in California. Symptoms of OQDS include extensive branch and twig dieback, yellow and brown...

  7. Guide to Preparing SAND Reports and other communication products : quick reference guide.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-10-01

    This Quick Reference Guide supplements the more complete Guide to Preparing SAND Reports and Other Communication Products. It provides limited guidance on how to prepare SAND Reports at Sandia National Laboratories. Users are directed to the in-depth guide for explanations of processes.

  8. Correlation of DASH and QuickDASH With Measures of Psychological Distress

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.C. Niekel; A.L.C. Lindenhovius; J.B. Watson; A.M. Vranceanu; D. Ring

    2009-01-01

    Purpose In an attempt to shorten the questionnaires given to patients in both clinical and research settings, we studied whether the correlation of commonly used psychological measures was comparable for the standard Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) and the shorter QuickDASH questi

  9. Fortification of lysine for improving protein quality in multiple-fortified quick cooking rice : Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wongmetinee, T.; Boonstra, A.; Zimmermann, M.B.; Chavasit, V.

    2009-01-01

    Previous studies in Thailand indicated that rice-based complementary foods of breast-fed infants normally provided inadequate iron and calcium. Quick-cooking rice fortified with different nutrients was therefore developed. The idea of lysine fortification was based on the fact that lysine is a limit

  10. EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH AND DESIGN ON HEAT TRANSFER OF EVAPORATOR USED IN THE LARGE QUICK FREEZE PLANT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The evaporator is the main part of a quick-freeze equipment. There are many factors influencing the heat transfer coefficient of an evaporator. The most important factors among them are the fin shape, tube diameter, distance of fin space, frost, and velocity of air flow etc. They mainly influence the thermal efficiency of an evaporator, and therefore its thermal efficiency has direct relationship with the whole efficiency of the quick freeze plant. Evaporators with different structural types have different heat transfer efficiency. In order to obtain high efficiency structure of evaporator, 8 evaporator models with different fin shape, tube diameter and tube arrangement are analyzed and compared. The calculation results show that the integral waved fins, equilateral-triangle arranged small diameter tubes and varying fin-spacing has the highest heat transfer coefficient. The experimental result also shows that the evaporator with this type of structure has better thermal efficiency. The experimental result is in good agreement with the calculation result. It can instruct engineering design for usual designer. A real quick-freeze equipment is designed and put into production. The result shows that, compared with traditional domestic quick-freeze equipments, this equipment decreases by 40% in size and by 20% in energy consumption.

  11. 78 FR 48464 - Comment request for Information Collection for Quick Turnaround Surveys of All Statutes and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... about quick turnaround surveys for statutes and programs for which ETA is responsible. Authorization for this process will expire in November 2013. To obtain a copy of the proposed information collection... management information system developments New processes and procedures Services to different target...

  12. Quick assessment tool for assurance of structural safety in the building process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terwel, K.C.; Jansen, S.J.T.

    2014-01-01

    From forensic investigation it is known that many structural failures can be attributed to human errors and organizational factors. To provide project leaders with information on the current state of factors in the building process influencing structural safety, we developed a quick assessment tool.

  13. Summer Professional Development in Chemistry for Inservice Teachers Using OWL Quick Prep

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Cynthia B.; Pamplin, Kim L.; Blake, Robert E.; Mason, Diana S.

    2010-01-01

    Secondary teachers participating in summer professional development chemistry workshops in Texas used an online chemistry tutoring program, OWL Quick Prep (Day et al. in OWL: Online Web-based Learning, Brooks-Cole Cengage Learning, Florence, KY, 1997) as a part of the inservice training. Self-reported demographic data were used to identify factors…

  14. The Mystery Behind the Code: Differentiated Instruction with Quick Response Codes in Secondary Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adkins, Megan; Wajciechowski, Misti R.; Scantling, Ed

    2013-01-01

    Quick response codes, better known as QR codes, are small barcodes scanned to receive information about a specific topic. This article explains QR code technology and the utility of QR codes in the delivery of physical education instruction. Consideration is given to how QR codes can be used to accommodate learners of varying ability levels as…

  15. Guide to preparing SAND reports and other communication products : quick reference guide.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2007-03-01

    This 'Quick Reference Guide' supplements the more complete 'Guide to Preparing SAND Reports and Other Communication Products'. It provides limited guidance on how to prepare SAND Reports at Sandia National Laboratories. Users are directed to the in-depth guide for explanations of processes.

  16. User experience network. Medical gas quick-connects may spontaneously detach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    "Quick-connect" medical gas connectors may occasionally fail and spontaneously detach from medical gas outlets. Minor injuries are possible, though unlikely. ECRI Institute believes this problem may occur with devices from any supplier and that the best solution is to ensure that they are assessed frequently and removed at the first sign of problems.

  17. Sound Search Engine Concept

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    Sound search is provided by the major search engines, however, indexing is text based, not sound based. We will establish a dedicated sound search services with based on sound feature indexing. The current demo shows the concept of the sound search engine. The first engine will be realased June...

  18. A multidisciplinary geophysical, geotechnical and hydrogeological investigation of quick-clay landslides in Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malehmir, A.; Krawczyk, C.; Polom, U.; Lundberg, E.; Adamczyk, A.; Malinowski, M.; Bastani, M.; Gurk, M.; Juhlin, C.; Persson, L.; Ismail, N.

    2012-04-01

    In Spring 2011, the Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG) through its Geoscientists Without Borders (GWB) program sponsored our project to study clay-related landslides in the Nordic countries. This project will study quick clay or rapid earth flow landslides in Sweden. Undisturbed quick clay resembles a water-saturated gel. When a mass of quick clay undergoes sufficient stress, it instantly turns into a flowing ooze, a process known as liquefaction. A small block of quick clay can liquefy from a stress change due to as little as a modest blow from a human hand, while a larger deposit is mainly vulnerable to greater stress changes, such as increased saturation by excess rainwater. Despite their abundance, our geophysical understanding of clay behavior in terms of both changes in the geometrical shape (clay formations) and changes in the physical properties are limited and require a better understanding. Quick clay landslides are not particularly constrained to steep slopes and have been known to slide even in low-to-moderate angle slopes. Geophysical investigations began in September 2011 over a known landslide scar near the Göta river in southwest Sweden, an area known to contain quick clays in parts of it. The investigations involved 2D and 3D P- and S-wave source and receiver surveys, geoelectrics, controlled-source and radio-magnetotellurics, ground gravity and magnetic surveys. These data in combination with existing geotechnical information and hydrogeological investigations should allow better insight into the mechanism(s) governing clay-related landslides in the Nordic countries and to provide high-resolution images of subsurface structures down to the bedrock. We will present preliminary results from the seismic investigations, including the 2D and 3D reflection and refraction surveys. The reflection seismic data show excellent quality and image the bedrock topography and internal layering above it down to about 100 m. Tomography results suggest the

  19. Large Neighborhood Search

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pisinger, David; Røpke, Stefan

    2010-01-01

    Heuristics based on large neighborhood search have recently shown outstanding results in solving various transportation and scheduling problems. Large neighborhood search methods explore a complex neighborhood by use of heuristics. Using large neighborhoods makes it possible to find better...... candidate solutions in each iteration and hence traverse a more promising search path. Starting from the large neighborhood search method,we give an overview of very large scale neighborhood search methods and discuss recent variants and extensions like variable depth search and adaptive large neighborhood...... search....

  20. Quick Analysis Method for Estimating Debris Flow Prone Area Caused by Overflow from Landslide dam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, T.; Uchida, T.; Yamakoshi, T.; Yoshino, K.; Kisa, H.; Ishizuka, T.; Kaji, A.

    2012-04-01

    When earthquake or torrential rainfall cause deep catastrophic landslides, landslide dams can be formed in mountainous region. If water overflows from the landslide dams, large scale debris flow can occurs and possibly causes serious disasters in the downward region. Debris flow caused by the overflow from landslide dam is possible to affect the larger area than normal debris flow and flash flood. It is important for both a decision maker and resident in the area to recognize the disaster prone area as early as possible. For that reason, it is important to establish a quick analysis method for estimating debris flow prone area caused by overflow from landslide dams under the emergency situation. This situation requires the method to have both accuracy and speed for release. Nonetheless these two factors have trade-off relationship. We recently developed the quick analysis method to estimate debris flow disaster prone area caused by overflow from landslide dams. The method including the ways of efficient survey and numerical simulation programs called QUAD-L (QUick Analysis system for Debris flow caused by Landslide dam overflow). Our quick analysis system was actually applied to show the area for evacuation against debris flow caused by overflow from landslide dam formed by the 2011 Typhoon Talas which hit mainly the central region of Japan on September 2-4th, 2011. In addition to background of this application, since May 1st, 2011, Erosion and Sediment Control (SABO) Department of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Japan (MLIT) launched a new scheme using above-mentioned quick analysis method.

  1. Study of a New Quick-Charging Strategy for Electric Vehicles in Highway Charging Stations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lixing Chen

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available To solve the problem, because of which conventional quick-charging strategies (CQCS cannot meet the requirements of quick-charging for multiple types of electric vehicles (EV on highways where vehicle inflow is excessive, this paper proposed a new quick-charging strategy (NQCS for EVs: on the premise of not affecting those EVs being charged, the remaining power of the quick-charging pile with multiple power output interfaces is used to provide a synchronous charging service for EVs waiting in the queue. To verify the effectiveness of this strategy, a power distribution model of charging pile and a queuing model of charging station (CS were constructed. In addition, based on an actual highway service area where vehicle inflow is excessive during the simulation period (0:00–24:00, charging situations of CQCS and NQCS were respectively simulated in a charging station (CS, with different number of chargers, by basic queuing algorithm and an improved queuing algorithm. The simulation results showed that when the relative EV inflow is excessive, compared to CQCS, NQCS not only can reduce user waiting time, charging time, and stay time, but also can improve the utilisation rate of charging infrastructure and service capacity of CS and reduce the queue length of CS. At the same time, NQCS can reduce the impact on the power grid. In addition, in NQCS, the on-demand power distribution method is more efficient than the average power distribution method. Therefore, NQCS is more suitable for quick-charging for multiple types of EVs on highways where vehicle inflow is excessive.

  2. Australia Browse Gas Field Development with Floating LNG%澳大利亚布劳斯深水气田浮式LNG开发技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董学明; 周长所

    2015-01-01

    Browse(布劳斯)深水气田位于澳大利亚西澳海域,距岸约295km,气田将生产的天然气液化成LNG销往国际市场.根据气田地理位置以及陆地已有设施,制定了依托陆地LNG厂、近海新建液化厂,浮式LNG三种海工开发方案.综合对比了效益、油藏变化适应性等重要参数,最终确定浮式LNG方案最适合本气田开发.%Browse gas filed,locates about 295km from coast in of the west sea,Australia west sea,about 295km from coast. Gas The gas produced in this filed will beis converted to LNG and sold in international market. Based on the position location of the field and existing facilities on shore,three development plan were are drafted as which include using existing LNG plant onshore, constructing a new LNG plant in shallow water close to shore,and applying floating LNG. Important parameters were analyzed including benefit and flexibility to oil reservoir variation,fFloating LNG is selected as the optimum choice for this filed by comparison between benefit and flexibility to oil reservoir variation.

  3. Data shopping in an open marketplace: Introducing the Ontogrator web application for marking up data using ontologies and browsing using facets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Norman; Hancock, David; Hirschman, Lynette; Dawyndt, Peter; Verslyppe, Bert; Kyrpides, Nikos; Kottmann, Renzo; Yilmaz, Pelin; Glöckner, Frank Oliver; Grethe, Jeff; Booth, Tim; Sterk, Peter; Nenadic, Goran; Field, Dawn

    2011-04-29

    In the future, we hope to see an open and thriving data market in which users can find and select data from a wide range of data providers. In such an open access market, data are products that must be packaged accordingly. Increasingly, eCommerce sellers present heterogeneous product lines to buyers using faceted browsing. Using this approach we have developed the Ontogrator platform, which allows for rapid retrieval of data in a way that would be familiar to any online shopper. Using Knowledge Organization Systems (KOS), especially ontologies, Ontogrator uses text mining to mark up data and faceted browsing to help users navigate, query and retrieve data. Ontogrator offers the potential to impact scientific research in two major ways: 1) by significantly improving the retrieval of relevant information; and 2) by significantly reducing the time required to compose standard database queries and assemble information for further research. Here we present a pilot implementation developed in collaboration with the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) that includes content from the StrainInfo, GOLD, CAMERA, Silva and Pubmed databases. This implementation demonstrates the power of ontogration and highlights that the usefulness of this approach is fully dependent on both the quality of data and the KOS (ontologies) used. Ideally, the use and further expansion of this collaborative system will help to surface issues associated with the underlying quality of annotation and could lead to a systematic means for accessing integrated data resources. PMID:21677865

  4. A personalized E-learning system based on user's browsing behavior%基于用户浏览行为的个性化教学系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单蓉

    2011-01-01

    E-learning has become the direction of the main trend in the development of today ’ s education technology. A new two degree tree-model is designed, and a Browsing Behavior Personalized Information Recommendation System( BBIRS) is designed on this basis. In the system, the web logs and interactive data been mined by offline and online separately, and the user’s intersting degree on the page been caculated by its browsing speed. The system uses two recommendation algorithms according the different intersting degree.%网络教育已成为现代教育技术主流的发展方向.提出了二层树状结构模型,并在此基础上,设计了一个基于基于浏览行为的个性化推荐系统(BBIRS).系统可以通过离线和在线方式对用户的访问日志和交互数据分别进行挖掘,并通过根据用户的浏览速度计算用户对页面的兴趣度,根据该兴趣度是否大于阈值,系统采用不同的推荐策略.

  5. Data shopping in an open marketplace: Introducing the Ontogrator web application for marking up data using ontologies and browsing using facets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Norman; Hancock, David; Hirschman, Lynette; Dawyndt, Peter; Verslyppe, Bert; Kyrpides, Nikos; Kottmann, Renzo; Yilmaz, Pelin; Glöckner, Frank Oliver; Grethe, Jeff; Booth, Tim; Sterk, Peter; Nenadic, Goran; Field, Dawn

    2011-04-29

    In the future, we hope to see an open and thriving data market in which users can find and select data from a wide range of data providers. In such an open access market, data are products that must be packaged accordingly. Increasingly, eCommerce sellers present heterogeneous product lines to buyers using faceted browsing. Using this approach we have developed the Ontogrator platform, which allows for rapid retrieval of data in a way that would be familiar to any online shopper. Using Knowledge Organization Systems (KOS), especially ontologies, Ontogrator uses text mining to mark up data and faceted browsing to help users navigate, query and retrieve data. Ontogrator offers the potential to impact scientific research in two major ways: 1) by significantly improving the retrieval of relevant information; and 2) by significantly reducing the time required to compose standard database queries and assemble information for further research. Here we present a pilot implementation developed in collaboration with the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) that includes content from the StrainInfo, GOLD, CAMERA, Silva and Pubmed databases. This implementation demonstrates the power of ontogration and highlights that the usefulness of this approach is fully dependent on both the quality of data and the KOS (ontologies) used. Ideally, the use and further expansion of this collaborative system will help to surface issues associated with the underlying quality of annotation and could lead to a systematic means for accessing integrated data resources.

  6. Data shopping in an open marketplace: Introducing the Ontogrator web application for marking up data using ontologies and browsing using facets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Norman; Hancock, David; Hirschman, Lynette; Dawyndt, Peter; Verslyppe, Bert; Kyrpides, Nikos; Kottmann, Renzo; Yilmaz, Pelin; Glöckner, Frank Oliver; Grethe, Jeff; Booth, Tim; Sterk, Peter; Nenadic, Goran; Field, Dawn

    2011-01-01

    In the future, we hope to see an open and thriving data market in which users can find and select data from a wide range of data providers. In such an open access market, data are products that must be packaged accordingly. Increasingly, eCommerce sellers present heterogeneous product lines to buyers using faceted browsing. Using this approach we have developed the Ontogrator platform, which allows for rapid retrieval of data in a way that would be familiar to any online shopper. Using Knowledge Organization Systems (KOS), especially ontologies, Ontogrator uses text mining to mark up data and faceted browsing to help users navigate, query and retrieve data. Ontogrator offers the potential to impact scientific research in two major ways: 1) by significantly improving the retrieval of relevant information; and 2) by significantly reducing the time required to compose standard database queries and assemble information for further research. Here we present a pilot implementation developed in collaboration with the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) that includes content from the StrainInfo, GOLD, CAMERA, Silva and Pubmed databases. This implementation demonstrates the power of ontogration and highlights that the usefulness of this approach is fully dependent on both the quality of data and the KOS (ontologies) used. Ideally, the use and further expansion of this collaborative system will help to surface issues associated with the underlying quality of annotation and could lead to a systematic means for accessing integrated data resources. PMID:21677865

  7. Collaborative Search Trails for Video Search

    OpenAIRE

    Hopfgartner, Frank; Vallet, David; Halvey, Martin; Jose, Joemon

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we present an approach for supporting users in the difficult task of searching for video. We use collaborative feedback mined from the interactions of earlier users of a video search system to help users in their current search tasks. Our objective is to improve the quality of the results that users find, and in doing so also assist users to explore a large and complex information space. It is hoped that this will lead to them considering search options that they may not have co...

  8. Event Index — an LHCb Event Search System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ustyuzhanin, A.; Artemov, A.; Kazeev, N.; Redkin, A.

    2015-12-01

    During LHC Run 1, the LHCb experiment recorded around 1011 collision events. This paper describes Event Index — an event search system. Its primary function is to quickly select subsets of events from a combination of conditions, such as the estimated decay channel or number of hits in a subdetector. Event Index is essentially Apache Lucene [1] optimized for read-only indexes distributed over independent shards on independent nodes.

  9. METADATA EXPANDED SEMANTICALLY BASED RESOURCE SEARCH IN EDUCATION GRID

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    With the rapid increase of educational resources, how to search for necessary educational resource quickly is one of most important issues. Educational resources have the characters of distribution and heterogeneity, which are the same as the characters of Grid resources. Therefore, the technology of Grid resources search was adopted to implement the educational resources search. Motivated by the insufficiency of currently resources search methods based on metadata, a method of extracting semantic relations between words constituting metadata is proposed. We mainly focus on acquiring synonymy, hyponymy, hypernymy and parataxis relations. In our schema, we extract texts related to metadata that will be expanded from text spatial through text extraction templates. Next, metadata will be obtained through metadata extraction templates. Finally, we compute semantic similarity to eliminate false relations and construct a semantic expansion knowledge base. The proposed method in this paper has been applied on the education grid.

  10. Searching for evidence-based information in eye care

    OpenAIRE

    Karen Blackhall

    2005-01-01

    A growth in health awareness has led to an increase in the volume and availability of health information. Health care professionals may feel under pressure to read this increasing volume of material. A search on the internet is often a quick and efficient way to find information and this can be done by using one of the many search engines such as Google or Google Scholar2 or one of the health care information portals such as Omni. A previous article by Sally Parsley in the Community Eye Healt...

  11. Search in e-Learning systems with semantic web technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves, Vitor; Carrapatoso, Eurico

    2007-01-01

    The traditional view of learning puts most of the emphasis on face-to-face teaching and curriculum. It is very slow and expensive. Many people try to find e-Learning systems and learning objects on the Web. But that can be very difficult to find what we need with the actual search engines. How can someone quickly find and with meaning the learning objects existing in the Web? Use Semantic Web technologies and software agents to develop an search engine for the Semantic Web Infrastruc...

  12. Quick Bird卫星影像几何校正方法研究%The Technology of Geometric Rectification on Quick Bird Imagery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋之富; 和爱军; 岳彩荣; 袁华

    2008-01-01

    选择3块地势起伏不同的区域作为研究区,研究Quick Bird影像的几何校正.利用简单多项式校正模型、有理函数模型和局部区域校正模型进行校正对比,发现:在地势平坦区域,利用简单的多项式校正模型即可取得较高的校正精度;在地势起伏较大的地区,利用有理函数校正模型可取得较好的校正效果,并且3者中有理函数校正模型最稳定.

  13. PubMed vs. HighWire Press: a head-to-head comparison of two medical literature search engines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanhecke, Thomas E; Barnes, Michael A; Zimmerman, Janet; Shoichet, Sandor

    2007-09-01

    PubMed and HighWire Press are both useful medical literature search engines available for free to anyone on the internet. We measured retrieval accuracy, number of results generated, retrieval speed, features and search tools on HighWire Press and PubMed using the quick search features of each. We found that using HighWire Press resulted in a higher likelihood of retrieving the desired article and higher number of search results than the same search on PubMed. PubMed was faster than HighWire Press in delivering search results regardless of search settings. There are considerable differences in search features between these two search engines.

  14. The Geo Quick Ride (GQR) Program: Providing Inexpensive and Frequent Access to Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caffrey, Robert; Baniszewski, John

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines piggybacking NASA, university, and industry payloads on commercial geosynchronous satellites. NASA's RSDO Office awarded Geo Quick Ride (GQR) study contracts in 1998 to spacecraft manufactures to examine the issues with flying secondary payloads. The study results were very promising. Commercial communication satellites have frequent flights and significant unused resources that could be used to fly secondary payloads. However, manifesting secondary payloads on a commercial revenue-generating satellite is a complex problem to solve. The solution requires multiple simultaneous approaches in order to be successful. There are business, economic, technical, schedule, and organizational issues to be resolved. This paper examines the Geo Quick Ride (GQR) concept, discusses the development issues, and describes how this concept solves many of these issues.

  15. Make your own video with QuickTime on the Mac

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    A step-by-step video tutorial on how to do a screen recording using QuickTime player on a Mac. QuickTime is a multimedia framework, which is natively installed on most Mac computers. This tutorial explains how to do a screen recording using Quicktime and how to export the video. A pdf document on the subject is available as material from the indico event page. Tell us what you think via e-learning.support at cern.ch More tutorials in the e-learning collection of the CERN Document Server (CDS) http://cds.cern.ch/collection/E-learning%20modules?ln=en All info about the CERN rapid e-learning project is linked from http://twiki.cern.ch/ELearning  

  16. QuickPol: Fast effective beam matrices calculation for CMB polarization

    CERN Document Server

    Hivon, Eric; Ponthieu, Nicolas

    2016-01-01

    Current and planned observations of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarization anisotropies, with their ever increasing number of detectors, have reached a potential accuracy that requires a very demanding control of systematic effects. While some of these systematics can be reduced in the design of the instruments, others will be have to be modeled and hopefully accounted for or corrected a posteriori. We propose QuickPol, a quick and accurate calculation of the full effective beam transfer function and of temperature to polarization leakage at the power spectra level, as induced by beam imperfections and mismatches between detector optical and electronic responses. All the observation details such as exact scanning strategy, imperfect polarization measurements and flagged samples are accounted for. Our results are validated on Planck-HFI simulations. We show how the pipeline can be used to propagate instrumental uncertainties up to the final science products, and could be applied to experiments with...

  17. Rapidly measuring the speed of unconscious learning: amnesics learn quickly and happy people slowly.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoltan Dienes

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: We introduce a method for quickly determining the rate of implicit learning. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The task involves making a binary prediction for a probabilistic sequence over 10 minutes; from this it is possible to determine the influence of events of a different number of trials in the past on the current decision. This profile directly reflects the learning rate parameter of a large class of learning algorithms including the delta and Rescorla-Wagner rules. To illustrate the use of the method, we compare a person with amnesia with normal controls and we compare people with induced happy and sad moods. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Learning on the task is likely both associative and implicit. We argue theoretically and demonstrate empirically that both amnesia and also transient negative moods can be associated with an especially large learning rate: People with amnesia can learn quickly and happy people slowly.

  18. The application of three different evaporative cooling strategies to a quick service restaurant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waterbury, S.S.; Allen, T.E.; Young, R.

    1999-07-01

    This paper describes the application of evaporative cooling strategies to the kitchen HVAC outdoor air intake, dining area HVAC condensers, and to the total cooling of a large, separate play area in a quick service restaurant (QSR). The paper includes a discussion of the types of evaporative coolers used, including media and once-through water flow, as well as the benefits and shortcomings of evaporative cooling in a quick service restaurant application. Measured data were used to determine the performance of the systems and to develop models used to predict cooling season performance. The performance of all evaporative cooling strategies reduced energy consumption, but they all required adjustments and modifications during the evaluation period. Proper commissioning after installation would have ensured peak performance sooner.

  19. Liquid Phase 3D Printing for Quickly Manufacturing Metal Objects with Low Melting Point Alloy Ink

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Lei

    2014-01-01

    Conventional 3D printings are generally time-consuming and printable metal inks are rather limited. From an alternative way, we proposed a liquid phase 3D printing for quickly making metal objects. Through introducing metal alloys whose melting point is slightly above room temperature as printing inks, several representative structures spanning from one, two and three dimension to more complex patterns were demonstrated to be quickly fabricated. Compared with the air cooling in a conventional 3D printing, the liquid-phase-manufacturing offers a much higher cooling rate and thus significantly improves the speed in fabricating metal objects. This unique strategy also efficiently prevents the liquid metal inks from air oxidation which is hard to avoid otherwise in an ordinary 3D printing. Several key physical factors (like properties of the cooling fluid, injection speed and needle diameter, types and properties of the printing ink, etc.) were disclosed which would evidently affect the printing quality. In addit...

  20. Quick single-photon detector with many avalanche photo diodes working on the time division

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian Peng; Yifei Fu; Li Yao; Xudong Shang; Zhixin Lu; Bojun Yang; Li Yu

    2008-01-01

    Due to the limit of response speed of the present single-photon detector, the code rate is still too low to come into practical use for the present quantum key distribution (QKD) system.A new idea is put up to design a quick single-photon detector.This quick single-photon detector is composed of a multi-port optic-fiber splitter and many avalanche photo diodes (APDs).Au of the ports with APDs work on the time division and cooperate with a logic discriminating and deciding unit driven by the clock signal.The operation frequency lies on the number N of ports, and can reach N times of the conventional single-photon detector.The single-photon prompt detection can come true for high repetition-rate pulses.The applying of this detector will largely raise the code rate of the QKD, and boost the commercial use.

  1. Quick-E-scan: A methodology for the energy scan of SMEs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cagno, E.; Trucco, P.; Trianni, A.; Sala, G. [Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, 20133 Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, Milan (Italy)

    2010-05-15

    This paper introduces the Quick-E-Scan methodology that has been developed to achieve the operational energy efficiency of small and medium enterprises (SMEs), characterized by being scarcely disposed to long energy audits and by a limited budget for energy management programs. On one side, through dividing the firm into functional units - either service (lighting, HVAC, etc.) or production units - the main consuming areas are identified and a criticality index is defined; conversely, an enhancement index highlights the gap of each unit towards the best available techniques (BATs) in energy management programs. Finally, a priority index, created with the junction of the two indexes, points out the most profitable areas in which energy saving measures should be implemented. The methodology, particularly quick and simple, has been successfully tested in 38 SMEs in Northern Italy. (author)

  2. Intentions of older homebound women with regard to reaching help quickly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Eileen J; Ganong, Lawrence H; Matsuda, Sandy

    2013-01-01

    The purposes of this longitudinal phenomenological study were to describe intentions of older women relative to reaching help quickly (RHQ), to place those intentions in personal-social context, and to compare intentions of subscribers to a personal emergency response system (PERS) and nonsubscribers. The 40 participants were aged 85 or older, resided alone, and needed help to leave home. Two contextual features ("recognizing my risk of being unable to RHQ" and "recognizing my need for a RHQ device to sustain myself") were basic to two phenomena ("negotiating reliance on people to reach quickly if I need help" and "reducing my risk of being unable to RHQ"). There was greater variation in intentions and context within each of the two naturally occurring groups (subscribers and nonsubscribers) than between them. Practitioners cannot assume that women intend to use available RHQ devices in specific situations; preventive nursing involves proactive exploration of intentions relative to RHQ.

  3. Object Oriented Image classification of Marine habitat Using QuickBird multispectral data

    OpenAIRE

    Bhattacharjee, Urmi

    2009-01-01

    Remote sensing plays an important role in monitoring the shallow marine habitat of both tropical and temperate environment by spectral response. Classification of marine habitat depends on considering various factors like substrate, wave exposure, salinity and bathymetry at only specific locations. Marine habitats have been at detailed level by means of underwater surveys and biotope mapping in the Sound of Harris, Outer Hebrides, Scotland. In this study, the use of QuickBird imagery and an o...

  4. Adopting E-invoice: User Experience Analysis of Quick Response Campaign : Guidelines for SMEs and Operators

    OpenAIRE

    Hanif, Mohammad Sharif

    2013-01-01

    Electronic Invoicing brings proven benefits to business organizations. As Electronic Invoic-ing offers so many customer values, E-invoice service providers create marketing cam-paigns to invite potential customers to join the E-invoicing service network so that they can send or receive invoices electronically. The widespread availability of smartphones and tablet PC has enabled advertisers to inte-grate Quick Response (QR) code into their marketing campaign. The two-dimensional QR code is...

  5. Privacy concerns in quick response code mobile promotion: The role of social anxiety and situational involvement

    OpenAIRE

    Okazaki, Shintaro; Navarro-Bailón, María Ángeles; Molina-Castillo, Francisco Jose

    2012-01-01

    Drawing upon utility maximization theory, this study examines the conse-quences of quick response (QR) code mobile promotion in terms of information privacy concerns, defensive responses (intention to protect, fabricate, or withhold), and loyalty. Two contextual variables, social anxiety and situational involvement, are hypothesized as moderators. The main survey employs the scenario method with 667 general consumers in Japan. The results indicate that most of the main effects are supported f...

  6. Rapidly Measuring the Speed of Unconscious Learning: Amnesics Learn Quickly and Happy People Slowly

    OpenAIRE

    Zoltan Dienes; Baddeley, Roland J; Ashok Jansari

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: We introduce a method for quickly determining the rate of implicit learning. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The task involves making a binary prediction for a probabilistic sequence over 10 minutes; from this it is possible to determine the influence of events of a different number of trials in the past on the current decision. This profile directly reflects the learning rate parameter of a large class of learning algorithms including the delta and Rescorla-Wagner rules. To illus...

  7. High sensitivity of quick view capsule endoscopy for detection of small bowel Crohn's disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halling, Morten Lee; Nathan, Torben; Kjeldsen, Jens;

    2014-01-01

    Capsule endoscopy (CE) has a high sensitivity for diagnosing small bowel Crohn's disease, but video analysis is time consuming. The quick view (qv) function is an effective tool to reduce time consumption. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of missed small bowel ulcerations with qv......-CE compared to standard view and the diagnostic accuracy of qv-CE in suspected Crohn's disease....

  8. Quick-Glance and In-Depth exploration of a tabletop map for visually impaired people

    OpenAIRE

    Bardot, Sandra; Brock, Anke; Serrano, Marcos; Jouffrais, Christophe

    2014-01-01

    National audience Interactive tactile maps provide visually impaired people with accessible geographic information. However, when these maps are presented on large tabletops, tactile exploration without sight is long and tedious due to the size of the surface. In this paper we present a novel approach to speed up the process of exploring tabletop maps in the absence of vision. Our approach mimics the visual processing of a map and consists in two steps. First, the Quick-Glance step allows ...

  9. Quick stimulation of Alcanivorax sp. by bioemulsificant EPS2003 on microcosm oil spill simulation

    OpenAIRE

    Simone Cappello; Maria Genovese; Renata Denaro; Santina Santisi; Anna Volta; Martina Bonsignore; Giuseppe Mancini; Laura Giuliano; Lucrezia Genovese; Yakimov, Michail M

    2015-01-01

    Oil spill microcosms experiments were carried out to evaluate the effect of bioemulsificant exopolysaccharide (EPS2003) on quick stimulation of hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria. Early hours of oil spill, were stimulated using an experimental seawater microcosm, supplemented with crude oil and EPS2003 (SW+OIL+EPS2003); this system was monitored for 2 days and compared to control microcosm (only oil-polluted seawater, SW+OIL). Determination of bacterial abundance, heterotrophic cultivable and hydro...

  10. Quick and easy method for determination of priority phenolic compounds in water and wastewater

    OpenAIRE

    Bhupander Kumar; Virendra Kumar Verma; Chandra Shekhar Sharma; Akolkar, Avinash B.

    2014-01-01

    Phenols and phenolic compounds are ubiquitous contaminants in the environment. Due to toxic potential, some phenolic compounds mainly chlorophenols and nitrophenols have been classified as priority pollutants. They enter into the environment through various sources such as industrial, domestic and vehicular emissions. For compliance of national and international regulations, various analytical methods have been developed for assessment in the environmental matrices. This paper presents quick,...

  11. A quick guide to wind power forecating : state-of-the-art 2009.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monteiro, C.; Keko, H.; Bessa, R.; Miranda, V.; Botterud, A.; Wang, J.; Conzelmann, G.; Decision and Information Sciences; INESC Porto

    2009-11-20

    This document contains a summary of the main findings from our full report entitled 'Wind Power Forecasting: State-of-the-Art 2009'. The aims of this document are to provide guidelines and a quick overview of the current state-of-the-art in wind power forecasting (WPF) and to point out lines of research in the future development of forecasting systems.

  12. Method discussion for quick response grey prediction of stronger aftershocks of an earthquake sequence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    In this paper, we take occurrence process of early strong aftershocks of a main-after shock type′s earthquake sequence as a complex grey system, and introduce predicting method for its stronger aftershocks by grey predicting theory. Through inspection prediction for 1998 Zhangbei MS=6.2 earthquake sequence, it shows that the grey predicting method maybe has active significance for the investigation of quick response prediction problems of stronger aftershocks of an earthquake sequence.

  13. Evaluation of the Quick Environmental Exposure and Sensitivity Inventory in a Danish Population

    OpenAIRE

    Sine Skovbjerg; Nikolaj Drimer Berg; Jesper Elberling; Karl Bang Christensen

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. To evaluate a Danish translation of the Quick Environmental Exposure and Sensitivity Inventory (QEESI). Methods. The study included two groups: one comprised a random sample of 2000 individuals drawn from the Danish Civil Registration System; the other comprised 315 patients with chemical intolerance. Results. The evaluation suggested good reliability for the four QEESI scales in terms of internal consistency and coefficients between test and retest scores. The discriminatory vali...

  14. HUBER+SUHNER推出全新SMART QUICK FIT Compact连接解决方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ 近日,连接解决方案的领导者HUBER+SUHNER推出新型的产品系列--_SMARTQUICK FIT Compact.该款产品是在紧凑型SMART QUICK FIT连接器基础上改进并扩展的一款用于波纹同轴电缆现场安装的新产品.

  15. Online Learning a Binary Classifier for Improving Go ogle Image Search Results

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WAN Yu-Chai; LIU Xia-Bi; HAN Fei-Fei; TONG Kun-Qi; LIU Yu

    2014-01-01

    It is promising to improve web image search results through exploiting the results0 visual contents for learning a binary classifier which is used to refine the results0 relevance degrees to the given query. This paper proposes an algorithm framework as a solution to this problem and investigates the key issue of training data selection under the framework. The training data selection process is divided into two stages: initial selection for triggering the classifier learning and dynamic selection in the iterations of classifier learning. We investigate two main ways of initial training data selection, including clustering based and ranking based, and compare automatic training data selection schemes with manual manner. Furthermore, support vector machines and the max-min pseudo-probability (MMP) based Bayesian classifier are employed to support image classification, respectively. By varying these factors in the framework, we implement eight algorithms and tested them on keyword based image search results from Google search engine. The experimental results confirm that how to select the training data from noisy search results is really a key issue in the problem considered in this paper and show that the proposed algorithm is effective to improve Google search results, especially at top ranks, thus is helpful to reduce the user labor in finding the desired images by browsing the ranking in depth. Even so, it is still worth meditative to make automatic training data selection scheme better towards perfect human annotation.

  16. Adding a Visualization Feature to Web Search Engines: It’s Time

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wong, Pak C.

    2008-11-11

    Since the first world wide web (WWW) search engine quietly entered our lives in 1994, the “information need” behind web searching has rapidly grown into a multi-billion dollar business that dominates the internet landscape, drives e-commerce traffic, propels global economy, and affects the lives of the whole human race. Today’s search engines are faster, smarter, and more powerful than those released just a few years ago. With the vast investment pouring into research and development by leading web technology providers and the intense emotion behind corporate slogans such as “win the web” or “take back the web,” I can’t help but ask why are we still using the very same “text-only” interface that was used 13 years ago to browse our search engine results pages (SERPs)? Why has the SERP interface technology lagged so far behind in the web evolution when the corresponding search technology has advanced so rapidly? In this article I explore some current SERP interface issues, suggest a simple but practical visual-based interface design approach, and argue why a visual approach can be a strong candidate for tomorrow’s SERP interface.

  17. Development and quality evaluation of quick cooking dhal-A convenience product.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sethi, Shruti; Samuel, D V K; Khan, Islam

    2014-03-01

    Owing to rapid urbanization and more women joining the workforce, use of ready-to-eat and ready-to-use convenience foods is gaining increasing popularity. Women require dhal that cooks fast and increases in volume when cooked. In an attempt to prepare quick cooking dhal from pigeon pea, variety UPAS 120 was milled, pre-treated with sodium chloride solution (1%), flaked and dried. The quick cooking dhal was packed in three packaging materials, namely, high molecular weight high density polyethylene (HMHDPE), high density polyethylene (HDPE) and laminated pouches. The quality evaluation of the prepared flakes with respect to the cooking quality attributes, changes in proximate composition, free fatty acid (FFA) and peroxide value (PV) were carried out during storage at ambient temperature (8-36°C) at regular intervals for a period of 10 months. During storage, quick cooking dhal packed in laminated pouches performed better than samples stored in other pouches with respect to the changes in the overall quality and acceptability of the product. PMID:24587538

  18. Preparation and Evaluation of Taste Masked Quick Dissolving Film of Lornoxicam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kinjal R. Shah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Rheumatoid arthritis is the chronic painful disease of joint destruction and functional disability needing immediate action with patient compliance. Pain relieving Quick dissolving film (QDF will be an accurate patient acceptable solution for this condition. Lornoxicam (LXM is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID with half life 3-5 hours, complete absorption from GIT (90-100% having advantage from a tolerability standpoint. LXM has bitter taste thus to improve the palatability, the drug was complexed with Beta Cyclodextrin in different ratios using kneading method by optimizing the kneading time. Taste evaluation was done by human volunteer and UV method. The optimized drug-beta cyclodextrin complex was incorporated in QDF by solvent casting technique using PVA: Pullulan as polymers and PEG 400 as plasticizer. The optimization of concentration of PVA: Pullulan and PEG 400 was done by 32 factorial design to observe its effect on disintegration time, drug release in 20 minutes, tensile strength and folding endurance as dependent variable. The optimized batch QDF1 gave disintegration in 22 second and 98 % drug release in 20 minutes with suitable strength and flexibility. It can be concluded that the development of Quick dissolving film of Lornoxicam could give quick relief from the pain of rheumatoid arthritis with greater compliance compared to other conventional dosage forms.

  19. Queue Management Practices of Quick ServiceRestaurants (QSR in Lipa City, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leoven A. Austria

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available –Problems regarding waiting line in quick service restaurants (QSR has been one of the main concerns of industries and scholars nowadays. It is because people today demand not only for qualityfood but also for speed. Quick service restaurant players explore on the approaches to optimize the efficiency of restaurant management. One important area that defines how well and efficient a fast food restaurant delivers its product and services to customers is its waiting line (queue management practices. The study was conducted at Lipa City, involving five popular quick service restaurants named by the researcher as QSR A, B, C, D, and E. It made used of 363customer respondents proportionally obtained from five restaurants.It intended to assess the extent of implementation of the queue management practices of the restaurants and the level of satisfaction of the customers in such practices in terms of customer arrival, waiting line and service facility. The findings revealed the queuing system used and the waiting line structured utilized by the restaurants. The extent of implementation of the queue management practices in the three areas mentioned of the five QSR’s was presented comparatively. Likewise, the level of customer’s satisfaction on the queue management practices was also determined. Significant difference in the extent of implementation and in the level of customer satisfaction were determined if the respondents were grouped according to restaurant’s profile. Recommendations in the improvement of queue were given based on the findings.

  20. A quick electrical inspection method of solder joint quality for LED products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jianhua; Que, Xiufu; Liu, Yanan; Chen, Weining; Tao, Guoqiao; Yang, Lianqiao

    2016-06-01

    Solder joint qualities of light-emitting diodes (LED) lamps have a significant effect on their lifetime. Due to variations in LEDs, the product lifetime is determined by the lowest performing component of the product when multi-LEDs are used. In this paper, we propose a quick electrical inspection method of solder joint quality for LED products, which is obtained by the heating curve measurement for a short time with the forward voltage as a temperature sensitive parameter. The utility of this quick inspection method is verified by the measurement of a solder voids ratio based on the most commonly used approaches in the industry—x-ray. The proposed method is cost effective and only needs around 1–5 s for each LED, which is about one third of the x-ray. Therefore, the quick electrical test method is both meaningful and promising especially when carrying out quality tests on large quantities of solder and can be a highly recommended method to be adopted by the LED lighting industry.

  1. Estimating Stem Volume Using QuickBird Imagery and Allometric Relationships for Open Populus xiaohei Plantations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Qing Wang; Zeng-Yuan Li; Xing-E Liu; Guang Deng; Ze-Hui Jiang

    2007-01-01

    There has been a great deal of interest in studying the crown of trees using remote sensing data. In this study, crown width was extracted from high-resolution QuickBird images for open Populus xiaohei plantations. Regression models for predicting the individual stem volumes of Populus xiaohei were established using extracted crown width, as well as estimated tree parameters (i.e. diameter at breast height [DBH] and tree height) as predictors. Our results indicated that crown width could be accurately extracted from QuickBird images using a multi-scale segmentation approach with a mean relative error of 5.74%, especially for wide-spacing stands. Using either extracted crown width alone or with estimated DBH and tree height can successfully estimate individual stem volume of Populus xiaohei with the R2 value ranging from 0.87 to 0.92 depending on different model forms. In particular, the two second-order polynomial models (model2 and model 6), based on QuickBird image-derived crown widths and estimated DBH and tree heights, respectively, were the best at describing the relationship between stem volume and tree characteristics.

  2. The quickly switching routing algorithm based on multi-path in mobile Ad Hoc networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    This paper proposes a new on-demand multi-alternate-path algorithm, called quickly switching routing algorithm(QSRA). It switches failure routing to an alternate path as quickly as the network can. Like a nervure shape, algorithm QSRA shapes disjoint-alternate-path structure, but is not limited to. It also contains another structure that every primary node has several links to alternate paths. This structure has two advantages, the first one is that primary nodes can select one alternate path immediately when primary routing is failure without going back to source node to re-discover a new routing or choose an alternate path; the second is that it guarantees primary nodes can select another alternate path as quickly as possible once one of alternate paths fails. Strongpoint of algorithm QSRA is reducing frequency of routing re-discovering. Besides, the structure occupies fewer resources than other routing algorithms due to its distributed structure. Simulation shows that QSRA has higher packets received ratio and lower control packet overhead and lower end-to-end delay.

  3. Evaluation of early results of quick-chop phacoemulsification in the patients with high myopic cataract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ali; Akal; Tugba; Goncu; Sevin; Soker; Cakmak; Isa; Yuvaci; Mustafa; Atas; Süleyman; Demircan; Omer; Faruk; Yilmaz

    2014-01-01

    AIM:To assess the early surgical outcomes of quickchop phacoemulsification technique in patients with high myopia.METHODS:The data of patients with high myopia who underwent quick-chop phacoemulsification were reviewed retrospectively. There were 42 eyes of 31 patients. The axial length was more than 26 mm in all eyes. All eyes underwent quick-chop phacoemulsification surgery with the placement of an intraocular lens(IOL) in the capsular bag. Postoperative visits were performed at 1, 3d; 2wk,1mo. Early postoperative best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), preoperative and postoperative corneal endothelial cell density(ECD), central corneal thickness(CCT) and postoperative complications were assessed.Paired sample t-test or Wilcoxon tests were used to compare data between preoperative and postoperative data.· RESULTS:There was no statistically significant difference between preoperative and postoperative ECD and CCT. Retinal detachment was developed in one eye at postoperative first day. There was an iris prolapsus from side port insicion.· CONCLUSION:Quick-chop phacoemulsification technique is a safe surgical technique. However we can encounter some complications in high myopic eyes due to histopathological differences. Both side port and clear corneal tunnel insicion size is crucial for preventing postoperative complications. If any persistent leakage is noticed, suture should be placed.

  4. Development and quality evaluation of quick cooking dhal-A convenience product.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sethi, Shruti; Samuel, D V K; Khan, Islam

    2014-03-01

    Owing to rapid urbanization and more women joining the workforce, use of ready-to-eat and ready-to-use convenience foods is gaining increasing popularity. Women require dhal that cooks fast and increases in volume when cooked. In an attempt to prepare quick cooking dhal from pigeon pea, variety UPAS 120 was milled, pre-treated with sodium chloride solution (1%), flaked and dried. The quick cooking dhal was packed in three packaging materials, namely, high molecular weight high density polyethylene (HMHDPE), high density polyethylene (HDPE) and laminated pouches. The quality evaluation of the prepared flakes with respect to the cooking quality attributes, changes in proximate composition, free fatty acid (FFA) and peroxide value (PV) were carried out during storage at ambient temperature (8-36°C) at regular intervals for a period of 10 months. During storage, quick cooking dhal packed in laminated pouches performed better than samples stored in other pouches with respect to the changes in the overall quality and acceptability of the product.

  5. Information is in the eye of the beholder: Seeking information on the MMR vaccine through an Internet search engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yom-Tov, Elad; Fernandez-Luque, Luis

    2014-01-01

    Vaccination campaigns are one of the most important and successful public health programs ever undertaken. People who want to learn about vaccines in order to make an informed decision on whether to vaccinate are faced with a wealth of information on the Internet, both for and against vaccinations. In this paper we develop an automated way to score Internet search queries and web pages as to the likelihood that a person making these queries or reading those pages would decide to vaccinate. We apply this method to data from a major Internet search engine, while people seek information about the Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccine. We show that our method is accurate, and use it to learn about the information acquisition process of people. Our results show that people who are pro-vaccination as well as people who are anti-vaccination seek similar information, but browsing this information has differing effect on their future browsing. These findings demonstrate the need for health authorities to tailor their information according to the current stance of users.

  6. Searching Online for 'Hemorrhoids'?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For Consumers Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Searching Online for 'Hemorrhoids'? Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More ... he believes most people would rather search anonymously online for information about hemorrhoids than ask their doctors, ...

  7. Integrated vs. Federated Search

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løvschall, Kasper

    2009-01-01

    Oplæg om forskelle og ligheder mellem integrated og federated search i bibliotekskontekst. Holdt ved temadag om "Integrated Search - samsøgning i alle kilder" på Danmarks Biblioteksskole den 22. januar 2009.......Oplæg om forskelle og ligheder mellem integrated og federated search i bibliotekskontekst. Holdt ved temadag om "Integrated Search - samsøgning i alle kilder" på Danmarks Biblioteksskole den 22. januar 2009....

  8. Searching Databases with Keywords

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shan Wang; Kun-Long Zhang

    2005-01-01

    Traditionally, SQL query language is used to search the data in databases. However, it is inappropriate for end-users, since it is complex and hard to learn. It is the need of end-user, searching in databases with keywords, like in web search engines. This paper presents a survey of work on keyword search in databases. It also includes a brief introduction to the SEEKER system which has been developed.

  9. Search on Rugged Landscapes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Billinger, Stephan; Stieglitz, Nils; Schumacher, Terry

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents findings from a laboratory experiment on human decision-making in a complex combinatorial task. We find strong evidence for a behavioral model of adaptive search. Success narrows down search to the neighborhood of the status quo, while failure promotes gradually more explorative...... for local improvements too early. We derive stylized decision rules that generate the search behavior observed in the experiment and discuss the implications of our findings for individual decision-making and organizational search....

  10. Carbon Allocation into Different Fine-Root Classes of Young Abies alba Trees Is Affected More by Phenology than by Simulated Browsing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endrulat, Tina; Buchmann, Nina; Brunner, Ivano

    2016-01-01

    Abies alba (European silver fir) was used to investigate possible effects of simulated browsing on C allocation belowground by 13CO2 pulse-labelling at spring, summer or autumn, and by harvesting the trees at the same time point of the labelling or at a later season for biomass and for 13C-allocation into the fine-root system. Before budburst in spring, the leader shoots and 50% of all lateral shoots of half of the investigated 5-year old Abies alba saplings were clipped to simulate browsing. At harvest, different fine-root classes were separated, and starch as an important storage compartment was analysed for concentrations. The phenology had a strong effect on the allocation of the 13C-label from shoots to roots. In spring, shoots did not supply the fine-roots with high amounts of the 13C-label, because the fine-roots contained less than 1% of the applied 13C. In summer and autumn, however, shoots allocated relatively high amounts of the 13C-label to the fine roots. The incorporation of the 13C-label as structural C or as starch into the roots is strongly dependent on the root type and the root diameter. In newly formed fine roots, 3-5% of the applied 13C was incorporated, whereas 1-3% in the ≤0.5 mm root class and 1-1.5% in the >0.5-1.0 mm root class were recorded. Highest 13C-enrichment in the starch was recorded in the newly formed fine roots in autumn. The clipping treatment had a significant positive effect on the amount of allocated 13C-label to the fine roots after the spring labelling, with high relative 13C-contents observed in the ≤0.5 mm and the >0.5-1.0 mm fine-root classes of clipped trees. No effects of the clipping were observed after summer and autumn labelling in the 13C-allocation patterns. Overall, our data imply that the season of C assimilation and, thus, the phenology of trees is the main determinant of the C allocation from shoots to roots and is clearly more important than browsing. PMID:27123860

  11. The Information Search

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doraiswamy, Uma

    2011-01-01

    This paper in the form of story discusses a college student's information search process. In this story we see Kuhlthau's information search process: initiation, selection, exploration, formulation, collection, and presentation. Katie is a student who goes in search of information for her class research paper. Katie's class readings, her interest…

  12. Search and the city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.A. Gautier; C.N. Teulings

    2009-01-01

    We develop a model of an economy with several regions, which differ in scale. Within each region, workers have to search for a job-type that matches their skill. They face a trade-off between match quality and the cost of extended search. This trade-off differs between regions, because search is mor

  13. Emergency local searching approach for job shop scheduling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Ning; Chen, Siyu; Du, Yanhua

    2013-09-01

    Existing methods of local search mostly focus on how to reach optimal solution. However, in some emergency situations, search time is the hard constraint for job shop scheduling problem while optimal solution is not necessary. In this situation, the existing method of local search is not fast enough. This paper presents an emergency local search(ELS) approach which can reach feasible and nearly optimal solution in limited search time. The ELS approach is desirable for the aforementioned emergency situations where search time is limited and a nearly optimal solution is sufficient, which consists of three phases. Firstly, in order to reach a feasible and nearly optimal solution, infeasible solutions are repaired and a repair technique named group repair is proposed. Secondly, in order to save time, the amount of local search moves need to be reduced and this is achieved by a quickly search method named critical path search(CPS). Finally, CPS sometimes stops at a solution far from the optimal one. In order to jump out the search dilemma of CPS, a jump technique based on critical part is used to improve CPS. Furthermore, the schedule system based on ELS has been developed and experiments based on this system completed on the computer of Intel Pentium(R) 2.93 GHz. The experimental result shows that the optimal solutions of small scale instances are reached in 2 s, and the nearly optimal solutions of large scale instances are reached in 4 s. The proposed ELS approach can stably reach nearly optimal solutions with manageable search time, and can be applied on some emergency situations.

  14. The Cancer Target Discovery and Development Network Dashboard Allows Users to Search for Interesting Data and Results | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The CTD2 Dashboard hosts analyzed data and other evidence generated by the CTD2 Network. It is a web interface for the research community to browse and search CTD2 Network data related to genes, proteins, and compounds from individual CTD2 Centers, or explore observations across multiple Centers. Users can also read stories that highlight completed projects associated with publications. To learn more, visit the CTD2 Dashboard.

  15. Where and how to search? Search paths in open innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Lopez-Vega, Henry; Tell, Fredrik; VANHAVERBEKE, Wim

    2015-01-01

    Search for external knowledge is vital for firms' innovative activities. To understand search, we propose two knowledge search dimensions: search space (local or distant) and search heuristics (experiential or cognitive). Combining these two dimensions, we distinguish four search paths - situated paths, analogical paths, sophisticated paths, and scientific paths - which respond to recent calls to move beyond "where to search" and to investigate the connection with "how to search." Also, we hi...

  16. Earthdata Search: Combining New Services and Technologies for Earth Science Data Discovery, Visualization, and Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, P.; Pilone, D.

    2014-12-01

    A host of new services are revolutionizing discovery, visualization, and access of NASA's Earth science data holdings. At the same time, web browsers have become far more capable and open source libraries have grown to take advantage of these capabilities. Earthdata Search is a web application which combines modern browser features with the latest Earthdata services from NASA to produce a cutting-edge search and access client with features far beyond what was possible only a couple of years ago. Earthdata Search provides data discovery through the Common Metadata Repository (CMR), which provides a high-speed REST API for searching across hundreds of millions of data granules using temporal, spatial, and other constraints. It produces data visualizations by combining CMR data with Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS) image tiles. Earthdata Search renders its visualizations using custom plugins built on Leaflet.js, a lightweight mobile-friendly open source web mapping library. The client further features an SVG-based interactive timeline view of search results. For data access, Earthdata Search provides easy temporal and spatial subsetting as well as format conversion by making use of OPeNDAP. While the client hopes to drive adoption of these services and standards, it provides fallback behavior for working with data that has not yet adopted them. This allows the client to remain on the cutting-edge of service offerings while still boasting a catalog containing thousands of data collections. In this session, we will walk through Earthdata Search and explain how it incorporates these new technologies and service offerings.

  17. Can horizontally oriented breast tomosynthesis image volumes or the use of a systematic search strategy improve interpretation? An eye tracking and free response human observer study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lång, Kristina; Zackrisson, Sophia; Holmqvist, Kenneth; Nyström, Marcus; Andersson, Ingvar; Förnvik, Daniel; Tingberg, Anders; Timberg, Pontus

    2011-03-01

    Our aim was to evaluate if there is a benefit in diagnostic accuracy and efficiency of viewing breast tomosynthesis (BT) image volumes presented horizontally oriented, but also to evaluate the use of a systematic search strategy where the breast is divided, and analyzed consecutively, into two sections. These image presentations were compared to regular vertical image presentation. All methods were investigated using viewing procedures consisting of free scroll volume browsing, and a combination of initial cine loops at three different frame rates (9, 14, 25 fps) terminated upon request followed by free scroll volume browsing if needed. Fifty-five normal BT image volumes in MLO view were collected. In these, simulated lesions (20 masses and 20 clusters of microcalcifications) were randomly inserted, creating four unique image sets for each procedure. Four readers interpreted the cases in a random order. Their task was to locate the lesions, mark and assign a five level confidence scale. The diagnostic accuracy was analyzed using Jackknife Free Receiver Operating Characteristics (JAFROC). Time efficiency and visual search behavior were also investigated using eye tracking. Results indicate there was no statistically significant difference in JAFROC FOM between the different image presentations, although visual search was more time efficient when viewing horizontally oriented image volumes in medium cine loops.

  18. Handbook for quick cost estimates. A method for developing quick approximate estimates of costs for generic actions for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is a supplement to a ''Handbook for Cost Estimating'' (NUREG/CR-3971) and provides specific guidance for developing ''quick'' approximate estimates of the cost of implementing generic regulatory requirements for nuclear power plants. A method is presented for relating the known construction costs for new nuclear power plants (as contained in the Energy Economic Data Base) to the cost of performing similar work, on a back-fit basis, at existing plants. Cost factors are presented to account for variations in such important cost areas as construction labor productivity, engineering and quality assurance, replacement energy, reworking of existing features, and regional variations in the cost of materials and labor. Other cost categories addressed in this handbook include those for changes in plant operating personnel and plant documents, licensee costs, NRC costs, and costs for other government agencies. Data sheets, worksheets, and appropriate cost algorithms are included to guide the user through preparation of rough estimates. A sample estimate is prepared using the method and the estimating tools provided

  19. Liu-stain quick cytodiagnosis of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration in diagnosis of liver tumors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chi-Sin Changchien; Jing-Houng Wang; Sheng-Nan Lu; Chao-Hung Hung; Chien-Hung Chen; Chuan-Mo Lee

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To combine ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA) and Liu (Riu) stain to make a quick study on liver tumor lesions.METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-eight aspirations from 232 patients were completely studied. The operator himself made the quick cytodiagnosis of US-FNA smear stained by Liu method within thirty minutes. The US-FNA specimen was also sent to the pathological department for cytological study and cellblock histology. The result of our Liu-stain quick cytodiagnosis in each patient was confirmed by the final cytopathological diagnosis from pathological report.RESULTS: Among 228 samples, the quick cytodiagnosis revealed 146 malignancies, 81 benign lesions and one inadequate specimen. Cytopathological diagnosis from the pathological department revealed 150 malignancies,and 78 benign lesions. Four well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) were under-diagnosed by quick cytodiagnosis as benign and 3 benign lesions were over-diagnosed as well-differentiated HCCs. Compared with cytopathological diagnosis, quick cytodiagnosis correctly diagnosed 143 malignancies and 77 benign lesions. Except for the one inadequate specimen in quick cytodiagnosis, the accuracy of quick cytodiagnosis was 96.9% (220/227), and its sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive values were 97.9%, 95.1%,97.3% and 96.3%, respectively.CONCLUSION: Liu-stain quick cytodiagnosis is a fast,convenient, safe and effective method for hepatologists in clinic practice to diagnose liver tumor. In few cases of well-differentiated HCC, Liu-stain quick cytodiagnosis has its limitation.

  20. University Students' Online Information Searching Strategies in Different Search Contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Meng-Jung; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Hou, Huei-Tse; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the role of search context played in university students' online information searching strategies. A total of 304 university students in Taiwan were surveyed with questionnaires in which two search contexts were defined as searching for learning, and searching for daily life information. Students' online search strategies…

  1. [Advanced online search techniques and dedicated search engines for physicians].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahum, Yoav

    2008-02-01

    In recent years search engines have become an essential tool in the work of physicians. This article will review advanced search techniques from the world of information specialists, as well as some advanced search engine operators that may help physicians improve their online search capabilities, and maximize the yield of their searches. This article also reviews popular dedicated scientific and biomedical literature search engines.

  2. Collaborative Search Trails for Video Search

    CERN Document Server

    Hopfgartner, Frank; Halvey, Martin; Jose, Joemon

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we present an approach for supporting users in the difficult task of searching for video. We use collaborative feedback mined from the interactions of earlier users of a video search system to help users in their current search tasks. Our objective is to improve the quality of the results that users find, and in doing so also assist users to explore a large and complex information space. It is hoped that this will lead to them considering search options that they may not have considered otherwise. We performed a user centred evaluation. The results of our evaluation indicate that we achieved our goals, the performance of the users in finding relevant video clips was enhanced with our system; users were able to explore the collection of video clips more and users demonstrated a preference for our system that provided recommendations.

  3. Effects of supplementation of threshed sorghum top with selected browse plant foliage on haematology and serum biochemical parameters of Red Sokoto goats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okunade, Sunday Adewale; Isah, Olubukola Ajike; Oyekunle, Mufutau Atanda; Olafadehan, Olurotimi Ayobami; Makinde, Olayinka John

    2016-06-01

    The haematological and biochemical parameters of 24 growing Red Sokoto bucks (9.00 ± 0.25 kg body weight) fed threshed sorghum top (TST) with or without five different browse plant foliage Afzelia africana (AA), Daniellia oliveri (DO), Piliostigma thonningii (PT), Pterocarpus erinaceus (PE) and Annona senegalensis (AS) supplements were studied using a completely randomized design. All haematological parameters were (P < 0.05) lower in TST-fed goats compared with TST-supplemented goats, except for mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), lymphocytes and monocytes which did not follow a particular pattern. Packed cell volume, haemoglobin and monocytes were higher for AA-supplemented goats while MCHC was reduced relative to other supplements (P < 0.05). White blood cell counts were increased in DO lambs compared to other supplements (P < 0.05). Serum proteins, creatinine, alanine transaminase and alkaline phosphate were reduced in TST compared with the supplements (P < 0.05). Cholesterol was higher for PT and AA than other diets (P < 0.05). Aspartate transaminase was reduced in TST goats relative to the supplements (P < 0.05). Except for potassium which was reduced in AS (P < 0.05), all serum major minerals were similar among diets. Results indicate that the entire browse fodder are good supplements to low-quality TST, though A. africana appears to have a better supplementary effect on haematological and biochemical parameters of the goats. PMID:27010715

  4. 影响用户Web浏览体验的因素分析%Analysis on Influential Factor of Web Browsing Experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖威华; 赵莺; 陈晖

    2013-01-01

    随着信息时代的到来,用户体验越来越受到商家的重视,其已经成为商家争夺客户的关键。web浏览作为互联网的一项重要基础业务,其用户体验也越来越受到运营商的重视。介绍了等待时间对用户体验的影响程度,重点分析了影响用户 Web 浏览体验的因素。在此基础上,搭建了模拟实验环境,通过在用户与系统互动的过程中不断改变网络 QoS 参数,时刻观察、记录用户体验的变化,最终找出时延、丢包率与用户体验之间的关系。%With the arrival of information age, the user experience attracts even more attention from the business, and thus becomes a key factor for business to scramble for customers, and Web browsing is an important and fundamental business for the Internet, and its user experience also attracts more and more attention from the operator. This paper expounds the influence of waiting time on the user experience, with focus on factors affecting the user's Web browsing experience. Based on this, a simulation environment is established, and through constantly changing network QoS parameters in the interact process of the user and the system, changes of the user experience is uninterruptedly monitored and recorded, and finally the relationship between delay, packet loss rate and user experience found.

  5. Search Engine Optimization and Search Engine Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Stárek, Pavel

    2012-01-01

    This thesis addresses website optimization for search engines and their promotion through PPC ads. The theoretical part describes all of the important aspects and principles necessary for a correct optimization and combines them with principles related to search engine marketing. The practical part describes the whole process of optimization from the analysis of competition and link-building to the set up and evaluation of PPC ads. It is trying to find any important differences between the tw...

  6. TEC data ingestion into IRI and NeQuick over the antarctic region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nava, Bruno; Pezzopane, Michael; Radicella, Sandro M.; Scotto, Carlo; Pietrella, Marco; Migoya Orue, Yenca; Alazo Cuartas, Katy; Kashcheyev, Anton

    2016-07-01

    In the present work a comparative analysis to evaluate the IRI and NeQuick 2 models capabilities in reproducing the ionospheric behaviour over the Antarctic Region has been performed. A technique to adapt the two models to GNSS-derived vertical Total Electron Content (TEC) has been therefore implemented to retrieve the 3-D ionosphere electron density at specific locations where ionosonde data were available. In particular, the electron density profiles used in this study have been provided in the framework of the AUSPICIO (AUtomatic Scaling of Polar Ionograms and Cooperative Ionospheric Observations) project applying the Adaptive Ionospheric Profiler (AIP) to ionograms recorded at eight selected mid, high-latitude and polar ionosondes. The relevant GNSS-derived vertical TEC values have been obtained from the Global Ionosphere Maps (GIM) produced by the Center for Orbit Determination in Europe (CODE). The effectiveness of the IRI and NeQuick 2 in reconstructing the ionosphere electron density at the given locations and epochs has been primarily assessed in terms of statistical comparison between experimental and model-retrieved peak parameters values (foF2 and hmF2). The analysis results indicate that in general the models are equivalent in their ability to reproduce the critical frequency of the F2 layer and they also tend to overestimate the height of the peak electron density, especially during high solar activity periods. Nevertheless this tendency is more noticeable in NeQuick 2 than in IRI. For completeness, the statistics indicating the models bottomside reconstruction capabilities, computed as height integrated electron density profile mismodeling, will also be discussed.

  7. Evaluating the Validity of a Nitrate Quick Test in Different Chinese Soils

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUE Xian-Lu; LI Fei; HU Yun-Cai; ZHANG Huai-Zhi; JI Hong-Jie; ZHANG Wei-Li; U. SCHMIDHALTER

    2012-01-01

    Because laboratory tests are expensive and time-consuming and may not be available to farmers,soil nitrate quick tests are required for optimal nitrogen management strategies in China to increase nitrogen use effciency and to reduce nitrogen losses.A total of 328 soil samples were collected at different soil depths from 225 sites in China,which covered a wide range of clinatic and geographic regions,soil types,croplands and soil textures,to evaluate the suitability of a quick reflectometer test method for analysing soil NO3--N in a wide range of soil NO3- concentrations,soil types and cropping systems in China,mainly by comparison ofsoil NO3--N assessed by a quick-test method (a reflectometer) and a standard laboratory method,i.e.,high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).The reflectometer showed excellent agreement with the laboratory HPLC method with regard to soil nitrate contents for all analysed soil samples.The linear regression had slopes of 1±0.08 and intercepts of ± 1.38 mg NO3--N L-1 among different soil types and croplands.Compared with the 1∶1 lines,the regression analysis for each soil type showed statistically significant but small differences in slope; the relative difference between the values measured using the two analytical systems varied from -8% to 6%,and there were no differences in intercept except for paddy soil.The reflectometer showed adequate,statistically significant precision in determining soil nitrate contents,and it could therefore be directly used instead of the laboratory methods for soil NO3--N measurement in China.

  8. Pipeline rules of thumb handbook a manual of quick, accurate solutions to everyday pipeline engineering problems

    CERN Document Server

    McAllister, EW

    2014-01-01

    Presented in easy-to-use, step-by-step order, Pipeline Rules of Thumb Handbook is a quick reference for day-to-day pipeline operations. For more than 35 years, the Pipeline Rules of Thumb Handbook has served as the ""go-to"" reference for solving even the most day-to-day vexing pipeline workflow problems. Now in its 8th edition, this handbook continues to set the standard by which all other piping books are judged. Along with over 30% new or updated material regarding codes, construction processes, and equipment, this book continues to offer hundreds of ""how-to"" methods and ha

  9. Perancangan Pengenal QR (Quick Response) Code Dengan Jaringan Syaraf Tiruan Metode Perceptron

    OpenAIRE

    Novalia

    2013-01-01

    Quick Response (QR) Code is used to store important information of an item or product. QR Code has a very random pattern and can not be distinguished. QR Code can also be dirty and damaged. Research conducted on the pattern of QR Code in order to find out the information stored in the QR Code. The method used to identify patterns of QR Code is to use Artificial Neural Networks Perceptron method. Perceptron is a neural network method is often used for pattern recognition. The input to the syst...

  10. Validation of the Dutch version of the quick mild cognitive impairment screen (Qmci-D).

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Bunt, Steven

    2015-10-01

    Differentiating mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from dementia is important, as treatment options differ. There are few short (<5 min) but accurate screening tools that discriminate between MCI, normal cognition (NC) and dementia, in the Dutch language. The Quick Mild Cognitive Impairment (Qmci) screen is sensitive and specific in differentiating MCI from NC and mild dementia. Given this, we adapted the Qmci for use in Dutch-language countries and validated the Dutch version, the Qmci-D, against the Dutch translation of the Standardised Mini-Mental State Examination (SMMSE-D).

  11. A new method for quick predicting the strength of intermolecular hydrogen bonds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN ChangLiang; ZHANG Yan; JIANG XiaoNan; WANG ChangSheng; YANG ZhongZhi

    2009-01-01

    A new method is proposed to quick predict the strength of intermolecular hydrogen bonds. The method is employed to produce the hydrogen-bonding potential energy curves of twenty-nine hydro-gen-bonded dimers. The calculation results show that the hydrogen-bonding potential energy curves obtained from this method are in good agreement with those obtained from MP2/6-31+G** calculations by including the BSSE correction, which demonstrate that the method proposed in this work can be used to calculate the hydrogen-bonding interactions in peptides.

  12. A 3D DEM-LBM approach for the assessment of the quick condition for sands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansouri, M.; Delenne, J.-Y.; El Youssoufi, M. S.; Seridi, A.

    2009-09-01

    We present a 3D numerical model to assess the quick condition (the onset of the boiling phenomenon) in a saturated polydisperse granular material. We use the Discrete Element Method (DEM) to study the evolution of the vertical intergranular stress in a granular sample subjected to an increasing hydraulic gradient. The hydrodynamic forces on the grains of the sample are computed using the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM). The principal assumption used is that grains remain at rest until the boiling onset. We show that the obtained critical hydraulic gradient is close to that defined in classical soil mechanics. To cite this article: M. Mansouri et al., C. R. Mecanique 337 (2009).

  13. A quick guide to API 510 certified pressure vessel inspector syllabus example questions and worked answers

    CERN Document Server

    Matthews, Clifford

    2010-01-01

    The API Individual Certification Programs (ICPs) are well established worldwide in the oil, gas, and petroleum industries. This Quick Guide is unique in providing simple, accessible and well-structured guidance for anyone studying the API 510 Certified Pressure Vessel Inspector syllabus by summarizing and helping them through the syllabus and providing multiple example questions and worked answers.Technical standards are referenced from the API 'body of knowledge' for the examination, i.e. API 510 Pressure vessel inspection, alteration, rerating; API 572 Pressure vessel inspection; API

  14. Quick qard technology: hardware object-oriented use and RC management system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledzius, Robert C.; Maturo, Larry

    1999-08-01

    QUICKFLEX's patent pending and revolutionary Quick Qard Technology (QQT) Reconfigurable Computing (RC) architecture approaches RC from an Operating System (OS) systems viewpoint, rather than from the perspective of any one particular application. As such, many problems important to integrating reconfigurable logic into the OS are solved. These problems would otherwise prevent RC from easily being used in a general-purpose mainstream market. The differences between QQT and other RC board methods of use is not so much in the RC hardware and boards, but in the way the RC hardware is utilized as part of a system.

  15. Formulation development and optimization of polyox based quick dissolving film of quetiapine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Sunita Chaudhary

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Quick dissolving film prepared by various grades of polyox like Polyox N10,N80, N750 and N205. Polyox having excellent film forming capacity with rapid hydration power which leads to rapid disintegration of film upon contact with saliva. Film is optimized for concentration of polymer and plasticizer using CCD design. The tensile Strength, folding Endurance, % drug released at 10 min (Y10 and disintegration time were selected as dependent variables. The data revealed that 2% of polyox N 750 and 15% of PEG 400 showed excellent film forming property with rapid drug release profile.

  16. Quick seismic intensity map investigation and evaluation based on cloud monitoring method using smart mobile phone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xuefeng; Peng, Deli; Hu, Weitong; Guan, Quanhua; Yu, Yan; Li, Mingchu; Ou, Jinping

    2015-04-01

    Seismic intensity map which reflects the actual situation of destruction in a certain area after the earthquake, and it is of great significance in guiding relief work and assessing damage loss. Based on cloud monitoring method proposed, we developed software, which can quickly investigate the seismic intensity distribution and draw the intensity map after the earthquake using the big data collected by individual smart phone questionnaire in earthquake zone. According to seismic attenuation law, we generated some seismic intensity values to test our system and successfully drawn out of the seismic intensity map.

  17. A quick TL authenticity testing for the Tang Dynasty Tri-coloured Pottery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to complete a quick authenticity testing for the Tang Dynasty Tri-coloured Pottery, a method for preparation of disc samples is developed. About 50 mg fine grain of scraps taken from some obscure position of the tested pottery was divided into 15 parts, some of them was exposed to artificial β-radiation and the natural glow curve was compared with the artificial one, the sample could be dated both rapidly and accurately. Five pieces of the pottery were dated with this method, and one of them was found to be a sham

  18. QuickLogic发现FPGA市场新蓝海——专访QuickLogic总裁暨执行官E.Thomas Hart%QuickLogic Found the Blue Ocean in FPGA Market--Exclusive interview with Chairman,President and CEO of QuickLogic E. Thomas Hart

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖惠如

    2006-01-01

    低功耗一直是FPGA(现场可编程门阵列)特性上难以突破的门坎.于是通过工艺技术走向纳米化已然成为Xilinx与Altera这二大FPGA厂商主要的发展方向。但对QuickLogic来说.超低功耗FPGA却是该公司的招牌.不是挑战.反而是莫大的机会。

  19. Quick and low cost measurement of soil parameters using a Kinect 3D scanner

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hut, R.; Van De Giesen, N.; Hagenaars, R.

    2013-12-01

    Retrieval of basic soil parameters such as bulk density and soil moisture from soil samples is a costly and time-consuming activity. Although indirect methods (heat or electromagnetic probes, radar backscatter, etc) are abundant, field truth measurement of soil parameters will remain important, if only to calibrate these other methods. We present a quick, field mountable setup to make 3D scans of surfaces up to 30 x 30 cm using a Kinect 3D scanner. By making scans before and after samples are taken, parameters such as bulk density and moisture content can easily be calculated.

  20. Implementing ERP-systems with accelerated ERP more efficient and quickly – a best practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yücel Yılmaz

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This best practice deals with the Accelerated ERP Methodology and the relevant project steps, while defining the main parameters such as administration, system availability, security and planning the project and the network. In this case, the implementation project in a food company (JKL, name altered is analyzed within the scope of project management, and it is described how this methodology put into practice. With this study, efficiency and quickness of an ERP implementation with the Accelerated ERP Methodology is pointed out.

  1. Fluid stiction modeling for quickly separating plates considering the liquid tensile strength

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roemer, Daniel Beck; Johansen, Per; Pedersen, Henrik C.;

    2015-01-01

    time dependent fluid stiction phenomenon, including a fluid tensile strength and cavitation effects, is proposed. The model is based on Reynolds theory, and the pressure distribution in the liquid zone is solved analytically for each time step, leading to a computationally efficient model without the......Fluid stiction may significantly influence the dynamic behavior when attempting to quickly separate two plates in close contact. The liquid fluid film, filling the gap between the plates, experiences a pressure drop resulting from an increasing distance, and cavitation may appear if sufficient...

  2. A new method for quick predicting the strength of intermolecular hydrogen bonds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    A new method is proposed to quick predict the strength of intermolecular hydrogen bonds.The method is employed to produce the hydrogen-bonding potential energy curves of twenty-nine hydro-gen-bonded dimers.The calculation results show that the hydrogen-bonding potential energy curves obtained from this method are in good agreement with those obtained from MP2/6-31+G calculations by including the BSSE correction,which demonstrate that the method proposed in this work can be used to calculate the hydrogen-bonding interactions in peptides.

  3. The Genotype MTBDRplus ver. 2.0 test as a quick indicator of resistance to rifampicin and isoniazid in Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Nisticò

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis is still a global emergency and a major public health problem, in some cases related to the appearance of strains of multi drug resistance (MDR and extensive drug resistance (XDR Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex.The correct determination of antibiotic sensitivity profiles is therefore crucial to carry out appropriate treatment aimed to decrease the infectivity of each patient and to reduce mortality. The poor adherence to treatment by the patient or the use of therapies based on a single drug, as a result of incorrect requirements, promote the development of drug-resistance. Have some time on the market of molecular diagnostic tests that allow, quickly and directly from biological sample to search for resistance genes some key drugs of anti-TB therapy (Rifampicin and Isoniazid. One of the tests in question is the Genotype MTBDRplus ver 2.0 which can reveal the presence of genes for resistance to Isoniazid (INH and Rifampin (RMP.The loci analyzed are those corresponding to the rpoB gene for rifampicin, katG and inhA for isoniazid. Our study is based on the analysis of 83 strains of tubercular Mycobacteria identified and isolated from patients with tuberculosis disease and subjected to the tests sensitivity, searching for mutations and phenotypic susceptibility testing for Rifampicin and Isoniazid.The comparison of the results has shown that the results obtained using the Genotype MTBDRplus ver 2.0 test, were similar to the results obtained by the traditional susceptibility testing.

  4. A Solr Powered Architecture for Scientific Metadata Search Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, S. A.; Billingsley, B. W.; Harper, D.; Kovarik, J.; Brandt, M.

    2014-12-01

    Discovering and obtaining resources for scientific research is increasingly difficult but Open Source tools have been implemented to provide inexpensive solutions for scientific metadata search applications. Common practices used in modern web applications can improve the quality of scientific data as well as increase availability to a wider audience while reducing costs of maintenance. Motivated to improve discovery and access of scientific metadata hosted at NSIDC and the need to aggregate many areas of arctic research, the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) and Advanced Cooperative Arctic Data and Information Service (ACADIS) contributed to a shared codebase used by the NSIDC Search and Arctic Data Explorer (ADE) portals. We implemented the NSIDC Search and ADE to improve search and discovery of scientific metadata in many areas of cryospheric research. All parts of the applications are available free and open for reuse in other applications and portals. We have applied common techniques that are widely used by search applications around the web and with the goal of providing quick and easy access to scientific metadata. We adopted keyword search auto-suggest which provides a dynamic list of terms and phrases that closely match characters as the user types. Facet queries are another technique we have implemented to filter results based on aspects of the data like the instrument used or temporal duration of the data set. Service APIs provide a layer between the interface and the database and are shared between the NSIDC Search and ACADIS ADE interfaces. We also implemented a shared data store between both portals using Apache Solr (an Open Source search engine platform that stores and indexes XML documents) and leverage many powerful features including geospatial search and faceting. This presentation will discuss the application architecture as well as tools and techniques used to enhance search and discovery of scientific metadata.

  5. [Quick Start-up and Sustaining of Shortcut Nitrification in Continuous Flow Reactor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Peng; Zhang Shi-ying; Song, Yin-ling; Xu, Yue-zhong; Shen, Yao-liang

    2016-04-15

    How to achieve fast and stable startup of shortcut nitrification has a very important practical value for treatment of low C/N ratio wastewater. Thus, the quick start-up and sustaining of shortcut nitrification were investigated in continuous flow reactor targeting at the current situation of urban wastewater treatment plant using a continuous flow process. The results showed that quick start-up of shortcut nitrification could be successfully achieved in a continuous flow reactor after 60 days' operation with intermittent aeration and controlling of three stages of stop/aeration time (15 min/45 min, 45 min/45 min and 30 min/30 min). The nitrification rates could reach 90% or 95% respectively, while influent ammonia concentrations were 50 or 100 mg · L⁻¹ with stop/aeration time of 30 min/30 min. In addition, intermittent aeration could inhibit the activity of nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB), while short hydraulic retention time (HRT) may wash out NOB. And a combined use of both measures was beneficial to sustain shortcut nitrification. PMID:27548971

  6. Quickly Updatable Hologram Images Using Poly(N-vinyl Carbazole (PVCz Photorefractive Polymer Composite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wataru Sakai

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Quickly updatable hologram images using photorefractive (PR polymer composite based on poly(N-vinyl carbazole (PVCz is presented. PVCz is one of the pioneer materials of photoconductive polymers. PR polymer composite consists of 44 wt % of PVCz, 35 wt % of 4-azacycloheptylbenzylidene-malonitrile (7-DCST as a nonlinear optical dye, 20 wt % of carbazolylethylpropionate (CzEPA as a photoconductive plasticizer and 1 wt % of 2,4,7-trinitro-9-fluorenone (TNF as a sensitizer. PR composite gives high diffraction efficiency of 68% at E = 45 V μm−1. Response speed of optical diffraction is the key parameter for real-time 3D holographic display. The key parameter for obtaining quickly updatable holographic images is to control the glass transition temperature lower enough to enhance chromophore orientation. Object image of the reflected coin surface recorded with reference beam at 532 nm (green beam in the PR polymer composite is simultaneously reconstructed using a red probe beam at 642 nm. Instead of using a coin object, an object image produced by a computer was displayed on a spatial light modulator (SLM and used for the hologram. The reflected object beam from an SLM was interfered with a reference beam on PR polymer composite to record a hologram and simultaneously reconstructed by a red probe beam.

  7. Supply curve impacts of Quick Start projects in Phase 1 of the Resource Supply Expansion Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wright, G.A.; Warwick, W.M.; Durfee, D.L.

    1993-12-01

    The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) prepared this report under contract to the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville), as part of the Resource Supply Expansion Project (RSEP). RSEP is a regional program instituted by Bonneville to expand conservation and renewable generation options available to resource planners and utilities. Resource alternatives are increased by RSEP through demonstration projects designed in a collaborative process that targets specific barriers to resource development including institutional, market, and reliability barriers. RSEP was launched with several projects that were designed and implemented quickly in 1992 to lay a foundation for future collaboration. The purpose of this report is to introduce the goal and structure of RSEP and to describe the so-called ``Quick Start`` RSEP projects in Phase One of RSEP. This description includes a preliminary estimate of the energy savings and/or other expected impacts of RSEP projects funded in FY 1992 and 1993. Similar estimates are also included for Bonneville projects to confirm wind and geothermal generation potential. Bonneville`s Geothermal Confirmation Agenda preceded implementation of RSEP, although it has a similar objective and collaborative approach.

  8. A quick and efficient measurement technique for performance evaluation of thermoelectric materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Ashwin; Banjade, Pawan; Bosak, Gregg; Joshi, Binay; Keane, Jennifer; Nally, Luke; Peng, Adam; Perera, Susanthri; Waring, Alfred; Joshi, Giri; Poudel, Bed

    2016-10-01

    Evaluating the performance of thermoelectric (TE) materials is critical for developing an efficient long lasting thermoelectric generator. Various parameters like resistance, TE power, TE efficiency as a function of temperature and time play an important role in developing and optimizing TE materials and legs. If one needs to evaluate the TE legs for performance or contact metallization optimization, study of a brazed or packaged device everytime could prove to be an expensive, time consuming process especially as a quick intermediate qualification. In this work, a simple approach that uses eutectic Gallium Indium (Ga-In) paste as a metallizing substitute with good electrical/thermal contact is employed which also avoids the need for brazing/welding (or any permanent joining) and provides a reliable platform for a quick leg qualification. Using open circuit voltage (V oc) and device voltage (V d), one can evaluate important TE quantities like peak power, material resistance changes, peak current and power versus current characteristics to understand the leg performance. The proposed approach is successfully demonstrated with three different TE material systems namely Bismuth Telluride, Skutterudite and Half Heusler systems.

  9. Modeling Self-Ionized Plasma Wakefield Acceleration for Afterburner Parameters Using QuickPIC

    CERN Document Server

    Zhou, Miaomiao; Decker, Franz Josef; Decyk, Viktor K; Deng, Suzhi; Huang Cheng Kun; Iverson, Richard; Johnson, Devon K; Joshi, Chandrashekhar; Katsouleas, Thomas C; Lu, Wei; Mori, Warren; Muggli, Patric; Oz, Erdem; Shih Yu Tsung, Frank; Walz, Dieter

    2005-01-01

    A plasma wakefield accelerator (PWFA) has been proposed as a way to double the energy of a future linear collider. This afterburner concept will require meter long uniform plasmas. For the parameters envisaged in possible afterburner stages, the self-fields of the particle beam are intense enough to tunnel ionize some neutral gases such as lithium. Tunnel ionization has been investigated as a way for the beam itself to create the plasma.* Furthermore, tunnel ionization in a neutral or partially pre-ionized gas may create new plasma electrons and alter the plasma wake.*,** Unfortunately, it is not possible to model a PWFA with afterburner parameters using the models described in Bruhwiler et al. and Deng et al. Here we describe the addition of a tunnel ionization package using the ADK model into QuickPIC, a highly efficient quasi-static particle in cell (PIC) code which can model a PWFA with afterburner parameters. There is excellent agreement between QuickPIC and OSIRIS(a full PIC code) for pre-ionized plasma...

  10. Quick, portable toxicity testing of marine or terrigenous fluids, sediments, or chemicals with bioluminescent organism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A hand-held, battery-operated instrument, which measures bioluminescence inhibition of the microscopic marine dinoflagellate Pyrocystis lunula, is capable of field-testing substances for toxicity. The organism is sensitive to ppb of strong toxicants. It tolerates some solvents in concentrations necessary for testing lipophylic samples. A test consumes only micrograms of sample. This method requires no adjustments for salinity, pH, color, or turbidity. It has been used successfully to test oil-well drilling fluids, brines produced with oil, waters and sediments from streams and lakes and petroleum-plant effluents containing contaminants such as benzene. The test is non-specific; however, if the substance is known, the end-point effects a direct measurement of its concentration. One-hour toxicity screening tests in the field produce results comparable to the standard four-hour laboratory test. Keeping the sample in the dark during incubation and testing, together with shortness of the overall procedure, eliminates anomalies from light-sensitive substances. Day-to-day variation, as well as among test replicates, is less than 10%. This quick method yields results comparable with a quick test that uses Photobacterium phosphoria, and with 96-hour tests that use Mysidopsis bahia, Artemia salina, Gonyaulax polyedra, Pimephales promelas, Ceriodaphnia dubia, and Cyprinodon variegatus

  11. TOWARDS ACTIVE SEO (SEARCH ENGINE OPTIMIZATION 2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles-Victor Boutet

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the age of writable web, new skills and new practices are appearing. In an environment that allows everyone to communicate information globally, internet referencing (or SEO is a strategic discipline that aims to generate visibility, internet traffic and a maximum exploitation of sites publications. Often misperceived as a fraud, SEO has evolved to be a facilitating tool for anyone who wishes to reference their website with search engines. In this article we show that it is possible to achieve the first rank in search results of keywords that are very competitive. We show methods that are quick, sustainable and legal; while applying the principles of active SEO 2.0. This article also clarifies some working functions of search engines, some advanced referencing techniques (that are completely ethical and legal and we lay the foundations for an in depth reflection on the qualities and advantages of these techniques.

  12. ERRATUM: TOWARDS ACTIVE SEO (SEARCH ENGINE OPTIMIZATION 2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles-Victor Boutet

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In the age of writable web, new skills and new practices are appearing. In an environment that allows everyone to communicate information globally, internet referencing (or SEO is a strategic discipline that aims to generate visibility, internet traffic and a maximum exploitation of sites publications. Often misperceived as a fraud, SEO has evolved to be a facilitating tool for anyone who wishes to reference their website with search engines. In this article we show that it is possible to achieve the first rank in search results of keywords that are very competitive. We show methods that are quick, sustainable and legal; while applying the principles of active SEO 2.0. This article also clarifies some working functions of search engines, some advanced referencing techniques (that are completely ethical and legal and we lay the foundations for an in depth reflection on the qualities and advantages of these techniques.

  13. Hybrid Search: Effectively Combining Keywords and Semantic Searches

    OpenAIRE

    Bhagdev, R.; S. Chapman; Ciravegna, F.; Lanfranchi, V.; Petrelli, D.

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes hybrid search, a search method supporting both document and knowledge retrieval via the flexible combination of ontologybased search and keyword-based matching. Hybrid search smoothly copes with lack of semantic coverage of document content, which is one of the main limitations of current semantic search methods. In this paper we define hybrid search formally, discuss its compatibility with the current semantic trends and present a reference implementation: K-Search. W...

  14. INTERFACING GOOGLE SEARCH ENGINE TO CAPTURE USER WEB SEARCH BEHAVIOR

    OpenAIRE

    Fadhilah Mat Yamin; RAMAYAH, T.

    2013-01-01

    The behaviour of the searcher when using the search engine especially during the query formulation is crucial. Search engines capture users’ activities in the search log, which is stored at the search engine server. Due to the difficulty of obtaining this search log, this paper proposed and develops an interface framework to interface a Google search engine. This interface will capture users’ queries before redirect them to Google. The analysis of the search log will show that users are utili...

  15. Adaptive Large Neighbourhood Search

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Røpke, Stefan

    Large neighborhood search is a metaheuristic that has gained popularity in recent years. The heuristic repeatedly moves from solution to solution by first partially destroying the solution and then repairing it. The best solution observed during this search is presented as the final solution....... This tutorial introduces the large neighborhood search metaheuristic and the variant adaptive large neighborhood search that dynamically tunes parameters of the heuristic while it is running. Both heuristics belong to a broader class of heuristics that are searching a solution space using very large...... neighborhoods. The tutorial also present applications of the adaptive large neighborhood search, mostly related to vehicle routing problems for which the heuristic has been extremely successful. We discuss how the heuristic can be parallelized and thereby take advantage of modern desktop computers...

  16. Supporting complex search tasks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gäde, Maria; Hall, Mark; Huurdeman, Hugo;

    2015-01-01

    , and recommendations, and supporting exploratory search to sensemaking and analytics, UI and UX design pose an overconstrained challenge. How do we know that our approach is any good? Supporting complex search task requires new collaborations across the whole field of IR, and the proposed workshop will bring together......There is broad consensus in the field of IR that search is complex in many use cases and applications, both on the Web and in domain specific collections, and both professionally and in our daily life. Yet our understanding of complex search tasks, in comparison to simple look up tasks......, is fragmented at best. The workshop addressed the many open research questions: What are the obvious use cases and applications of complex search? What are essential features of work tasks and search tasks to take into account? And how do these evolve over time? With a multitude of information, varying from...

  17. A Greedy Search Algorithm for Maneuver-Based Motion Planning of Agile Vehicles

    OpenAIRE

    Neas, Charles Bennett

    2010-01-01

    This thesis presents a greedy search algorithm for maneuver-based motion planning of agile vehicles. In maneuver-based motion planning, vehicle maneuvers are solved offline and saved in a library to be used during motion planning. From this library, a tree of possible vehicle states can be generated through the search space. A depth-first, library-based algorithm called AD-Lib is developed and used to quickly provide feasible trajectories along the tree. AD-Lib combines greedy search tech...

  18. ElasticSearch cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Paro, Alberto

    2013-01-01

    Written in an engaging, easy-to-follow style, the recipes will help you to extend the capabilities of ElasticSearch to manage your data effectively.If you are a developer who implements ElasticSearch in your web applications, manage data, or have decided to start using ElasticSearch, this book is ideal for you. This book assumes that you've got working knowledge of JSON and Java

  19. Federated Search Scalability

    OpenAIRE

    Txurruka Alberdi, Beñat

    2015-01-01

    The search of images on the internet has become a natural process for the internet surfer. Most of the search engines use complex algorithms to look up for images but their metadata is mostly ignored, in part because many image hosting sites remove metadata when the image is uploaded. The JPSearch standard has been developed to handle interoperability in metadata based searches, but it seems that the market is not interested on supporting it. The starting point of this proje...

  20. Approximate similarity search

    OpenAIRE

    Amato, Giuseppe

    2000-01-01

    Similarity searching is fundamental in various application areas. Recently it has attracted much attention in the database community because of the growing need to deal with large volume of data. Consequently, efficiency has become a matter of concern in design. Although much has been done to develop structures able to perform fast similarity search, results are still not satisfactory, and more research is needed. The performance of similarity search for complex features deteriorates and does...