WorldWideScience

Sample records for brothers full brothers

  1. Oh,Brother

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zaheer Cassim

    2012-01-01

    For seven years I was king of the house. Then my younger brother was born. Our TV remote, clothing, the bigger bed and who gets the better seat on the couch are just a few things we fought over. And though we're now both in our 20s, our boyish battles still continue. But through the taunts. Bickering and occasional shoe throwing I'm grateful to have him around.

  2. 75 FR 71458 - Warner Brothers Entertainment, Inc., Warner Brothers Theatrical Enterprises, Including Workers of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-23

    ... published in the Federal Register on November 17, 2009 (74 FR 59254). At the request of a company official... Employment and Training Administration Warner Brothers Entertainment, Inc., Warner Brothers Theatrical... Brothers Distributing, Inc., Warner Brothers Home Entertainment, Inc., Warner Brothers Studio...

  3. Big Brother Has Bigger Say

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Wei

    2009-01-01

    @@ 156 delegates from all walks of life in Guangdong province composed the Guangdong delegation for the NPC this year. The import and export value of Guangdong makes up one-third of national total value, and accounts for one-eighth of national economic growth. Guangdong province has maintained its top spot in import and export value among China's many provinces and cities for several years, commonly referred to as "Big Brother". At the same time, it is the region where the global financial crisis has hit China hardest.

  4. Myelodysplastic syndrome in two young brothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirose, M; Kawahito, M; Kuroda, Y

    1995-01-01

    We report the youngest cases of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) in two brothers aged 7 and 2 years. The maternal grandfather and maternal grandmother had been exposed to radioactive fallout after the atomic bomb attack on Hiroshima in 1945. The elder brother demonstrated pancytopenia with Atavism due to radioactive poisoning was suspected in the development of MDS in these two cases. PMID:7833267

  5. Familial Confluent and Reticulated Papillomatosis: Two Brothers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslı Feride Kaptanoğlu

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis (CRP is a rare disease presenting with keratotic pigmented papules located mostly on the chest, neck and trunk with unknown etiology. Genetic, keratinization abnormalities, abnormal host reaction to fungal or bacterial infections and endocrine diseases are suspected in the etiopathogenesis. The role of heredity in the pathogenesis of CRP arised with the familial case reports. There are sporadic case reports whereas familial reports are rare in the literature. Here, we present 22 and 20 year-old two brothers with familial confluent and reticulated papillomatosis. Our cases who live apart in different countries with different environments and climates, supply strong evidence for the genetic basis of the disease. This two brothers with CRP are presented due to rare familial occurence. (Turk J Dermatol 2012; 6: 108-10

  6. Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis: report of two Brazilian brothers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lange, M.C.; Zetola, V.F.; Teive, H.; Scola, R.H.; Trentin, A.P.; Zavala, J.A.; Pereira, E.R.; Raskin, S.; Werneck, L.C.; Sistermans, E.A.

    2004-01-01

    Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis is a treatable rare autossomal recessive disease characterized by lipid storage secondary to a sterol 27-hydroxylase deficiency in the formation of cholic and chenodeoxycholic acids. We describe two Brazilian brothers with cognitive impairement and chronic diarrhea. On

  7. When Your Brother or Sister Has Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tips on what to say to your friends, how to deal with stress, and where to find support – as well as information about cancer and cancer treatments, for young people who have a brother or sister with cancer.

  8. My Brother's Keeper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obama, Barack

    2014-01-01

    In a White House address, the president announced an initiative to reclaim young boys and men of color. The "My Brother's Keeper" initiative partners with businesses, foundations, and nonprofits to address disparities in education, justice, and employment. President Obama was introduced by Christian, one of a group of students from…

  9. 77 FR 75503 - Wright Brothers Day, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... moving forward. With their game-changing feat, the Wright brothers earned their place in history as... Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty- seventh. (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc..., let us carry their legacy forward by taking on new challenges with tenacity and meeting our...

  10. Extramammary Paget′s disease in two brothers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoting Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Extramammary Paget′s disease (EMPD, which is considered to be an adenocarcinoma of the apocrine glands, is a rare, slow-growing neoplasm. The standard treatment for local EMPD is surgical resection, however, so far, no effective treatment is found for advanced EMPD. Trastuzumab, which is a recombinant monoclonal antibody against the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 HER2 has been proved to be effective in the treatment of advanced EMPD in some cases where HER2 protein is overexpressed. Herein, we report two cases of EMPD in two brothers. The younger brother who presented as local EMPD on the scrotum received surgical resection and had no recurrence in 15 months following. The older brother suffered from invasive EMPD also on the scrotum with inguinal region multiple metastatic lymph nodes and was treated with combination chemotherapy and Trastuzumab to target HER2 consecutively after a wide surgical excision.

  11. Hinsides post-Big Brother-syndromet. Produktion og reception af Big Brother i Nederland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maarten Reesink

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Big Brother er den hidtil største succes inden for reality-soap-genren, og det første tv-format der aktivt benyttede de nye medier i forbindelse med tv-udsendelserne. Artiklen beskriver, hvordan idéen til programmet opstod, og hvordan programmet blev udviklet op til den første transmission i Neder- land i 1999. Desuden skitserer forfatteren de forskellige måder, hvorpå pro- grammet blev italesat i pressen op til og under den første udsendelses- række.

  12. Bram Stoker's brother, the brain surgeon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stiles, Anne

    2013-01-01

    This essay examines the life and work of Sir William Thornley Stoker, 1st Baronet (1845-1912), the eldest brother of Bram Stoker (1847-1912), the author of Dracula (1897). Sir William or "Thornley," as he was commonly known, was one of Ireland's leading physicians. He performed some of the first brain surgeries in Ireland using Sir David Ferrier's maps of the cerebral cortex. From 1879 into the twentieth century, Thornley served as inspector for Ireland under the 1876 Cruelty to Animals Act. In this role, Thornley was responsible for granting licenses to researchers who performed experiments on live animals. Due to his reservations about animal experimentation, Thornley eventually became an advocate for the antivivisection cause, testifying at the second Royal Commission on Vivisection (1906-1912). Thornley also influenced Irish literature, albeit indirectly. Bram Stoker's composition notes for Dracula show that he consulted his older brother about the medical scenes in his novel. Thornley's knowledge of cerebral localization and his animal rights advocacy both surface in Dracula.

  13. The Lehman Brothers effect and bankruptcy cascades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sieczka, P.; Sornette, D.; Holyst, J. A.

    2011-08-01

    Inspired by the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers and its consequences on the global financial system, we develop a simple model in which the Lehman default event is quantified as having an almost immediate effect in worsening the credit worthiness of all financial institutions in the economic network. In our stylized description, all properties of a given firm are captured by its effective credit rating, which follows a simple dynamics of co-evolution with the credit ratings of the other firms in our economic network. The dynamics resembles the evolution of Potts spin-glass with external global field corresponding to a panic effect in the economy. The existence of a global phase transition, between paramagnetic and ferromagnetic phases, explains the large susceptibility of the system to negative shocks. We show that bailing out the first few defaulting firms does not solve the problem, but does have the effect of alleviating considerably the global shock, as measured by the fraction of firms that are not defaulting as a consequence. This beneficial effect is the counterpart of the large vulnerability of the system of coupled firms, which are both the direct consequences of the collective self-organized endogenous behaviors of the credit ratings of the firms in our economic network.

  14. Can brothers share the same STR profile?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaken, Naomi; Motro, Uzi; Berdugo, Reouven; Sapir, Liron Elkayam; Zamir, Ashira

    2013-09-01

    This report demonstrates the limits of DNA identification when siblings are involved. The Israeli DNA database routinely amplifies suspects samples using the PowerPlex(®) ESI16 system (Promega). While uploading a series of suspects into the database software, we found an unusual high number of shared alleles between two suspects 31 out of 32 alleles. Verification of their demographic data identified them as brothers. After confirmation of their paternity affiliation using the AmpFlSTR(®)YFiler™ (Applied Biosystems), we used two other multiplexes kits to improve the differentiation rate. The PowerPlex(®) ESX17 System (Promega) added one locus, SE33, who exhibits four different alleles. The second kit, the AmpFlSTR(®)MiniFiler™ (Applied Biosystems) added three more loci. Only one allele difference was found. In order to increase the discrimination power between related and unrelated individuals, we recommend that the DNA laboratories consider using a larger multiplex typing kit in cases like the one informed here.

  15. I Am My Brother’s Keeper: The Impact of a Brother2Brother Program on African American Men in College

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maristella Zell

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This qualitative study focuses on the perceived effects that Brother2Brother (B2B peer groups had on African American male college students in the Chicago area. Students’ perception of their educational and personal experiences, commitment to scholastic achievement, and integration into the campus environment were highlighted. Seven focus groups with members of B2B chapters yielded six themes: Academic Motivation, Personal Presentation, Validation of Emerging Skills, Personal Growth, Ethic of Collaboration, and Rewarded through Accountability. These themes demonstrated the importance of supporting the development of African American male collegians’ non-cognitive skills. Implications for educators and recommendations for higher education institutions are discussed.

  16. Environmental behaviour of radioactivity from Chernobyl: Brothers Water study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study has been carried out to examine the short term behaviour of Chernobyl derived radionuclides together with the longer term patterns of transport of weapons fallout derived 137Cs first studied on the Brothers Water catchment in the English Lake District in the 1970's. Chernobyl derived radiocaesium is observable in the soils and lake sediments of the catchment. 210Pb dating and diatom analysis were used to confirm that the lake sediments sampled were undisturbed. A simple box model is used to estimate radionuclide inventories in Brothers Water Lake sediments. Estimates derived using this model are reasonably consistent with estimates obtained from a variety of other sources. (author)

  17. Brothers delay menarche and the onset of sexual activity in their sisters

    OpenAIRE

    Milne, Fritha H.; Judge, Debra S.

    2010-01-01

    The higher costs of sons compared with daughters extends to a negative effect of brothers on the lifetime reproductive success of their siblings in subsistence and preindustrial societies. In societies with fewer resource constraints, one might expect that these effects would be limited or non-existent. This study investigates the costs of brothers and sisters in a contemporary western society of adult Australians. Girls with elder brothers had a delayed age at menarche. Younger brothers were...

  18. Brothers and Sisters: A Source of Support for Children in School?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadfield, Lucy; Edwards, Rosalind; Mauthner, Melanie

    2006-01-01

    Whilst UK schools move towards U.S "big brother" style mentoring systems for children, are actual brothers and sisters becoming an invisible source of support to deal with bullying in everyday life? This paper reports on research with children aged 7-13 about their experiences and understandings of their relationships with their brothers and…

  19. Narration as reconciliation in The brothers, by Milton Hatoum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Jantsch Souza

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a reading of the novel The Brothers, by Milton Hatoum, as it highlights the role of narration as a factor of consolidation of an identity from the resignification of the past. To do so, the identity is approached with an eminently discursive process tied to the memory, because it finds in the past one of its constitutive sources. The way to appease the conflicts of the past is the writing, the narration, because it is the anguish of not knowing anything about himself and, therefore, being unable to shape an identity that drives Nael, the central narrator, to revolve the past. Throughout this memorial-narrative journey, the double issue tied to the identity formation problem emerges, highlighting how the relationship with alterity is reflected in the identity of the subject. The foregoing analysis finds theoretical support in the works of Stuart Hall, Joel Candau, Beatriz Sarlo, Michel Pollak, Ana Maria Lisboa de Mello.

  20. Isolated Penile Torsion in Brothers: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metin Gunduz

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Penile torsion can be congenital and associated with hypospadias and chordee, or can be acquired after circumcision. The incidence of isolated neonatal penile torsion was 1.7 to 27% in the literature. The majority were between 10 and deg; and 20 and deg;. Generally, torsion was to the left in cases. The techniques for correction of penile torsion described in the literature are penile de-gloving and reattaching of skin, resection of Buck's fascia incising the base of the penis and removing angular ellipses of corporeal tissue with subsequent plication of tunica, and dorsal dartos flap rotation in severe cases. In conclusion, penile torsion may be familial. Therefore, brothers should be examined carefully. The degloving and realignment technique is successful in isolated penile torsion. [Arch Clin Exp Surg 2012; 1(2.000: 122-124

  1. American Heroism Seen From the Band of Brothers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武莹

    2009-01-01

    Band of Brothers is a mirror of American heroism. It shows us a clear view of what is really American heroism, which spiritually leads the American society, not only in the American history, but also in the recent development of the nation.

  2. The brothers Lumière. Pioneers in medical photography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aterman, K; Grimaud, J A

    1983-10-01

    A brief historical sketch of the brothers Lumière, the inventors of the cinématographe, is presented. Particular emphasis is placed on their perfection of "Autochromes," photographic plates suitable for color photography, and on their foresight in putting these advances to use in medical illustrations.

  3. Freud on Brothers and Sisters: A Neglected Topic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherwin-White, Susan

    2007-01-01

    This paper explores Freud's developing thought on brothers and sisters, and their importance in his psychoanalytical writings and clinical work. Freud's work on sibling psychology has been seriously undervalued. This paper aims to give due recognition to Freud's work in this area. (Contains 1 note.)

  4. Some Effects of Having a Brother or Sister.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leventhal, Gerald S.

    The data indicate that the influence of a brother or sister is considerably greater upon the second born than upon the first born. The magnitude of the sex of sibling effect is probably dependent upon whether a sibling is present during the first few years of life, a period during which many enduring response patterns are being acquired. The…

  5. A Unique Case of Allogeneic Fat Grafting Between Brothers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Samuel; Edelson, Richard L.; Sumpio, Brandon; Kwei, Stephanie

    2016-01-01

    Summary: We present a case of a 65-year-old man with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma treated with radiation therapy and an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant from his human leukocyte antigen-matched brother. Engraftment was successful, but the patient went on to develop painful, radiation-induced ulcers. The ulcers were fat-allografted using liposuctioned fat from his brother because of the patient’s unique chimeric state. Postprocedure follow-up revealed epithelialization of the ulcer sites and significant improvement in neuropathic pain. Our unique case study supports the use of fat grafting for its restorative purposes and for its ability to alleviate chronic neuropathic pain. Additionally, it appears that our case provides a basis of a general approach to the treatment of radiation-induced ulcers in chimeric patients with lymphoid malignancies.

  6. Big Brother gør sit indtog

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moeslund, Thomas B.

    2009-01-01

    På grund af frygten for terror er vi i dag parate til at acceptere en grad af overvågning, der før i tiden gav mindelser om George Orwells dystopi 1984. Teknisk er der dog betydelige udfordringer i at få IT-systemerne til at opføre sig som Big Brother. Udgivelsesdato: December......På grund af frygten for terror er vi i dag parate til at acceptere en grad af overvågning, der før i tiden gav mindelser om George Orwells dystopi 1984. Teknisk er der dog betydelige udfordringer i at få IT-systemerne til at opføre sig som Big Brother. Udgivelsesdato: December...

  7. The Lehman Brothers Bankruptcy D: The Role of Ernst & Young

    OpenAIRE

    Rosalind Z. Wiggins; Rosalind L. Bennett; Andrew Metrick

    2014-01-01

    For many years prior to its demise, Lehman Brothers employed Ernst & Young (EY) as the firm’s independent auditors to review its financial statements and express an opinion as to whether they fairly represented the company’s financial position. EY was supposed to try to detect fraud, determine whether a matter should be publicly disclosed, and communicate certain issues to Lehman’s Board audit committee. After Lehman filed for bankruptcy, it was discovered that the firm had employed questiona...

  8. Isolated co-lipase deficiency in two brothers.

    OpenAIRE

    Hildebrand, H; Borgström, B.; Békássy, A; Erlanson-Albertsson, C; Helin, I

    1982-01-01

    Two normally developed Assyrian brothers with isolated pancreatic co-lipase deficiency are described. They presented at the age of 5-6 years with loose stools. They had steatorrhoea, and analysis of exocrine pancreatic enzymes in the small intestine showed co-lipase deficiency, while amylase, chymotrypsin, trypsin and lipase were normal. Intraduodenal infusion of purified co-lipase improved fat digestion measured by the triolein breath test. Their steatorrhoea diminished on treatment with ent...

  9. Celebrity Big Brother, Human Rights and Popular Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Gies, Lieve

    2009-01-01

    The British reality show Celebrity Big Brother caused great controversy in January 2007 when remarks made by a few contestants, most notably the reality TV star Jade Goody, and targeted at a fellow Indian contestant, were widely read as racist. In this paper, I analyse the race incident against the backdrop of a progressively expansive legal framework offering recognition for human dignity, equality and cultural diversity, most importantly through the Human Rights Act 1998. The Act aims to pr...

  10. The comparison of family types in fairy tales by brothers Grimm and H. C. Andersen

    OpenAIRE

    Šček, Marjeta

    2014-01-01

    The present thesis entitled The Comparison of Family Types in Fairy Tales by Brothers Grimm and H. C. Andersen consists of two parts: the theoretical and the empirical part. The first part is a brief summary of opuses and biographies of Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm and Hans Christian Andersen, followed by a section describing several different definitions of families and family types. The second part is an analysis of ten fairy tales by brothers Grimm: The Frog King, or Iron Henry, Little Brother ...

  11. Human factors of powered flight: the Wright brothers' contributions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohler, Stanley R

    2004-02-01

    Orville and Wilbur Wright of Dayton, OH, not only were the first to fly a powered aircraft, but also pioneered many human factors considerations. While others tried to develop aircraft with a high degree of aerodynamic stability, the Wrights intentionally designed unstable aircraft with "cerebralized" control modeled on bird flight. During 1901-03, the brothers worked with large gliders at Kill Devil Hills, near Kitty Hawk, NC, to develop the first practical human-interactive controls for aircraft pitch, roll, and yaw. On December 17, 1903, they made four controlled, powered flights over the dunes at Kitty Hawk with their Wright Flyer. During the next 2 yr, the Wrights made numerous flights in the Wright Flyers II and III at Huffman Prairie near Dayton. They later developed practical in-flight control of engine power, plus an angle-of-attack sensor and stick-pusher that reduced pilot workload. The brothers' flight demonstrations in the U.S. and Europe during 1908-09 awakened the world to the new age of controlled flight. Orville was the first aviator to use a seat belt. He also introduced a rudder boost/trim control that gave the pilot greater control authority. The Wrights' flight training school in Dayton included a flight simulator of their own design. The Wrights patented their practical airplane and flight control concepts, many of which are still in use today.

  12. "Southern Pop Culture and the Literary Tradition in O Brother, Where Art Thou?"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Thomas Ærvold

    2009-01-01

      This essay discusses the Coen brothers movie O Brother, Where Art Thou? (2000). Rather than reading the movie as a modern retelling of The Odyssey, as most critics have done, it is read within a context of Southern literature and history. The essay points out and discusses the many references...

  13. Living with a Brother Who Has an Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Sister's Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connell, Zara O.; Halloran, Maeve O.; Doody, Owen

    2016-01-01

    People with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are born into families and influence family functioning both positively and negatively. One of the most enduring relationships a person with ASD will have is their relationship with a brother or sister. Services for people with ASD should provide effective support to families, which include brothers,…

  14. Familial Sarcoidosis: About Two Brothers and Prevalence Value in a Middle Eastern City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georges Khalil

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease with no definite etiology, but a lot of potential precipitating factors. Familial sarcoidosis was mentioned in the literature long time ago and has been associated with different HLA phenotypes with a prevalence reaching values up to 4% and more; however, it was never studied in the Middle East. This article reports a case of sarcoidosis in two Lebanese brothers with the HLA phenotype related and estimates the prevalence of familial sarcoidosis in all cases of sarcoidosis treated by internists and pneumologists in a regional hospital where these brothers were treated. In our study, the HLA type (DRB was similar to the familial polish cases and the familial prevalence of around 1.4 %, was much lower than that reported elsewhere.

  15. Discussing the Life of the Others: Doing Ethnography in the Brazilian Big Brother Fan Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Campanella

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present some of the initial results of ethnographic research conducted in early 2008 with the online fan community of the Brazilian Big Brother (BBB. After a brief introduction to some of the challenges faced by ethnographic work on television audiences in the last couple of decades, the current piece will explore some of the main characteristics constituting this new social space. Beyond the gossiping, and the more immediate talks about behaviors and game strategies of the Big Brother housemates, these forums sometimes trigger exchanges about Brazilian society at large, and the role of television broadcasting in general. Nonetheless, a closer inspection reveals how the debates found in the community are themselves permeated by the participants' struggle for status.

  16. Plan de marketing empresa 2Brothers. S.A.S.

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    A través de este trabajo se abordó el caso de una compañía nacional llamada 2Brothers. S.A.S., la cual lleva un año en el mercado ofreciendo servicios de marketing digital a empresas medianas y pequeñas de Colombia, más específicamente en su área de influencia Bogotá; aquí se evaluó todo el entorno en el cual se desempeña la empresa analizando desde su contexto interno y externo para saber como era su mercado y así poder identificar tanto sus fortalezas como debilidades y sus oportunidades y ...

  17. The Montgolfier Brothers and the Invention of Aviation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Charles B.

    The first hot air balloon ascension over Paris in September 1783 has been described so many times that it and its passengers—the sheep, the rooster, and the duck—have joined Benjamin Franklin and his kite in the folklore of our culture. Not so well known is the earlier history of ballooning; that the brothers Montgolfier had demonstrated their hot air balloons repeatedly for several months prior to the ascent over Paris; or that the physicist Charles, urged onward and financed by an enthusiast, Barthélemy Faujas de Saint-Fond, launched successfully the first fabric balloon filled with hydrogen over Paris more than 3 weeks prior to the memorable ascent of the sheep, and rooster, and the duck.For all of its well-documented detail, the book is readable and enjoyable. It is a well-written but complex book in which Professor Gillispie develops a number of subjects to recreate the era in perspective. The origins and the disposition of the Montgolfiers, the industry of the period, the idea of capturing heated air are all reported in detail. The attempts to obtain government funding and the promotional activities in Paris were forerunners of the modern techniques for obtaining support of research activities.

  18. Reluctant Romantics – On the fairy tale poetics of the Brothers Grimm and their relationship to German Romanticism

    OpenAIRE

    Isabel dos Santos

    2014-01-01

    The legacy of the Brothers Grimm continues to fascinate readers and researchers alike. The 200-year anniversary of the first publication of their fairy tales sparked a renewed interest in the life, work and times of the brothers. Fascinated by the past, by the political present and by the literary future of Romanticism, the Brothers Grimm stayed together in an unusual working union. They established what was to become German philology and published many invaluable works on language and histor...

  19. Evaluation of dredged material proposed for ocean disposal from South Brother Island Channel, New York

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barrows, E.S.; Gardiner, W.W.; Antrim, L.D.; Gruendell, B.D.; Word, J.Q.; Tokos, J.J.S. [Battelle Marine Sciences Laboratory, Sequim, Washington (United States)

    1996-09-01

    South Brother Island Channel was one of seven waterways that the US Army Crops of Engineers-New York District requested the Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory to sample and evaluate for dredging and disposal. Tests and analyses were conducted on South Brother Island Channel sediment core samples and evaluations were performed. The evaluation of proposed dredged material from South Brother Island Channel included bulk sediment chemical analyses, chemical analyses of site water and elutriate, water-column and benthic acute toxicity tests, and bioaccumulation studies. Individual sediment core samples collected from Souther Brother Island Channel were analyzed for grain size, moisture content, and total organic carbon. a composite sediment sample, representing the entire area proposed for dredging, was analyzed for bulk density, specific gravity, metals, chlorinated pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyl congers, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, and 1,4- dichlorobenzene. Site water and elutriate water, prepared from the suspended-particle phase of South Brother Island Channel sediment, were analyzed for metals, pesticides, and PCBs.

  20. Initial Investigations into the Microbial Diversity at Brothers Seamount, Kermadec-Tonga Arc, New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stott, M. B.; Nakasone, E.; Saito, J.; Dunfield, P.; Malahoff, A.; Alam, M.

    2005-12-01

    Brothers Seamount, a submarine volcano located along the Kermadec-Tonga Arc in New Zealand, results from intraoceanic plate subduction and as such, exhibits substantially different chemistries to those found on mid-ocean spreading ridges. Furthermore, Brothers Seamount has two major venting sites that exhibit disparate geochemistries. Combined, these factors suggest that microbial diversity studies of Brothers Volcano have potential to identify an array of novel microbial species. Two manned submarine expeditions, the first in November 2004 with the JAMSTEC R/V Yokosuka and Shinkai 6500 and the second in April/May 2005 with the HURL R/V Kiamikai-o-Kanaloa and Picses V dove on the Brothers Seamount a total of 9 times collecting vent, sediment and fluid samples used, in part, for microbial enrichments and molecular diversity studies. Clone libraries of the 16S rRNA gene were generated using DNA extracts from multiple samples at the two venting sites on Brothers Volcano. So far, more than 60 unique bacterial sequence types have been found out of an overall clone count of greater than 200 including , a, and -Proteobacteria, and several Planctomycetes. The -Proteobacteria account for most of the diversity. Archaeal 16S rRNA clone banks, including amplifications using primers specific for the phylum Nanoarchaeota, are currently being constructed, with preliminary results showing a diverse range of archaeal species.

  1. Music Entrepreneurship and Family Businesses: The Case of Avsenik Brothers Ensemble

    OpenAIRE

    Ramšak, Mojca

    2015-01-01

    The Avsenik Brothers Ensemble is by far the most successful Slovene music group performing popular-national music, having sold 36 million albums worldwide and having been featured in more than 10,000 live shows. Year 2013 marked the 60th anniversary of successful music-making for the brothers Slavko Avsenik and Vilko Ovsenik. Today the family music tradition is actively pursued by Slavko’s son Gregor, and grandson Sašo, who continue the artistry of the Avseniks and oversee the family business...

  2. Intrafamilial Sexual Abuse: Brother-Sister Incest Does Not Differ from Father-Daughter and Stepfather-Stepdaughter Incest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cyr, Mireille; Wright, John; McDuff, Pierre; Perron, Alain

    2002-01-01

    A study compared 72 girls (ages 5-16) sexually abused by brothers, fathers, or stepfathers. Results suggested few differences in characteristics of sexual abuse. However, penetration was much more frequent in the sibling incest group. More victims of fathers and brothers manifested clinically significant distress (90%), than stepfather victims…

  3. Incestuous sisters: mate preference for brothers over unrelated males in Drosophila melanogaster.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeline Loyau

    Full Text Available The literature is full of examples of inbreeding avoidance, while recent mathematical models predict that inbreeding tolerance or even inbreeding preference should be expected under several realistic conditions like e.g. polygyny. We investigated male and female mate preferences with respect to relatedness in the fruit fly D. melanogaster. Experiments offered the choice between a first order relative (full-sibling or parent and an unrelated individual with the same age and mating history. We found that females significantly preferred mating with their brothers, thus supporting inbreeding preference. Moreover, females did not avoid mating with their fathers, and males did not avoid mating with their sisters, thus supporting inbreeding tolerance. Our experiments therefore add empirical evidence for inbreeding preference, which strengthens the prediction that inbreeding tolerance and preference can evolve under specific circumstances through the positive effects on inclusive fitness.

  4. Exercise electrocardiogram testing in two brothers with different outcome – a case study exercise testing in master cyclists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rüst CA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Christoph Alexander Rüst,1 Beat Knechtle,1,2 Thomas Rosemann11Institute of General Practice and Health Services Research, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; 2Gesundheitszentrum St Gallen, St Gallen, SwitzerlandAbstract: The cases of two brothers training and competing as master cyclists and both preparing for a cycling tour are presented. The older brother aged 66 years went first to the primary care physician and presented with an asymptomatic depression in the exercise stress test of the ST segment in V5 and V6 during recovery after complete exhaustion. Coronary angiography revealed a multi vessel coronary artery disease and he underwent bypass surgery. One year later, he successfully completed his planned cycling tour of ~600 km in seven stages and covering ~12,000 m of total ascent. The younger brother aged 59 years went a few months later to the primary care physician and also performed asymptomatic exercise stress testing without changes in the ST segments. Unfortunately, 2 months later he suffered a cardiac arrest during his cycling tour and survived following immediate successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation on the road by his cycling colleagues. Immediate invasive coronary arteriography showed a complete stenosis of the trunk of arteria coronaria sinistra (left coronary artery, a 40%–50% stenosis of ramus circumflexus, and a 20% stenosis of arteria coronaria dextra (right coronary artery. The left coronary artery was dilated and he continued cycling 2 months later. In both brothers, familial hypercholesterolemia was the main cardiovascular risk factor for the multi vessel coronary artery disease. A negative exercise electrocardiogram in siblings with an increased risk for coronary artery disease seemed not to exclude an advanced multi vessel coronary artery disease. In master athletes with asymptomatic exercise electrocardiogram but a positive family history, further examinations should be performed in order to detect

  5. Old Instruments, New Agendas: The Chemical Brothers and the ARP 2600

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans T. Zeiner-Henriksen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A preference for old vintage music equipment is widespread in electronic dance music. My point of departure for a discussion of this phenomenon is an interview from Keyboard magazine in which the members of the production duo the Chemical Brothers proclaim their fascination with an old analogue synthesizer. Two diverse theoretical approaches will inform and nuance my narrative here. Wiebe E. Bijker’s sociotechnical approach to the development of technology will highlight stages and processes in the transition from analogue to digital technology. In addition, Sarah Thornton’s concept of subcultural capital will direct attention to the old instrument as a prestige item that serves to maintain power structures within the electronic dance music culture.

  6. Hiper-realidade versus sedução: o paradoxo do Big Brother Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe da Silva Polydoro

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available ResumoNeste artigo, jogamos Baudrillard contra si próprio na análise do programa Big Brother Brasil (BBB. Primeiro, desenvolvemos a afirmação do teórico de que este reality show resume-se a refletir o estado de banalidade de uma cultura hiper-real. Em seguida, propomos uma reversão nesta argumentação, ao apontar, no BBB, sinais de um efeito sedutor. No início, recuperarmos alguns pontos da teoria do autor francês e evidenciamos o conceito moderno de realidade, aquilo que desaparece na era da simulação.

  7. CONFESSION AND REPENTANCE IN F. M. DOSTOYEVSKY'S NOVEL THE BROTHERS KARAMAZOV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Vladimirovich Vasil'ev

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the meaning of a penitential confession in Fyodor Dostoyevsky's novel The Brothers Karamazov. It is noted that the penitential confession in the novel exempts from the burden of guilt, allowing the confessor to get rid of spiritual suff erings through the compassion of the person who accepts the confession and shares the guilt with the sinner. It is emphasized that repentance is inseparably linked with overcoming the sense of shame before public exposure and self-obsession with one’s reputation. The attention is paid to mutual confessions in the novel aft er which the heroes step on the path towards transformation. It is concluded that penitential confessions of heroes result in their revival and spiritual renewal, as each of them is given a chance to endure spiritual revolution, to overcome the "hell" and to confirm the validity of Zosima’s idea about common guilt and responsibility.

  8. Cobb′s collar occurring in two brothers in a family: A rare entity revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Partha Pal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Most urethral strictures arise from iatrogenic, traumatic, or inflammatory causes. We report the familial occurrence of a congenital bulbar urethral stricture in two brothers. Retrograde and voiding cystourethrography was performed. A Cobb′s collar was diagnosed after radiological and endoscopic evaluation in both cases and was successfully managed with urethroplasty. Cobb′s collar is a rarely recognized cause of a membranous stricture of bulbar urethra that can lead to several urinary problems. In cases of adolescent and young adults presenting with symptoms of progressive urinary obstruction and enuresis with or without urinary tract infection, Cobb′s collar can be seen as a minor constriction in the bulbar urethra, but is not frequently symptomatic, and the familial occurrence of such a stricture is even rarer.

  9. Brief Report: Comparative ABA and DIR Trials in Twin Brothers with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilton, Jane C.; Seal, Brenda C.

    2007-01-01

    Trial interventions in DIR and ABA with twin brothers with autism were offered to help the parents choose one of the programs for their sons. Pre- and post-test scores on the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales (CSBS) revealed a slight gain in the composite score of the ABA child and a slight loss in the score of the DIR child. Contrasted…

  10. My Brother as "Problem": Neoliberal Governmentality and Interventions for Black Young Men and Boys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumas, Michael J.

    2016-01-01

    In this article, the author argues that the Obama Administration's My Brother's Keeper (MBK) initiative serves as an exemplar of neoliberal governmentality, in which Black young men and boys are constructed as essentially damaged, as problems in need of a technocratic public--private solution. More than simply an ideological imposition from above…

  11. The Irish Christian Brothers and the National Board of Education: Challenging the Myths

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaughlin, Denis

    2008-01-01

    For close to 170 years the general consensus from historians has been that Edmund Rice, who founded the Irish Christian Brothers in 1802, was an unenthusiastic applicant to the National Board of Education in Ireland in 1832 and later withdrew his schools because he believed his education was incompatible with the philosophy underpinning the…

  12. Brother-Sister Incest: Data from Anonymous Computer-Assisted Self Interviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroebel, Sandra S.; O'Keefe, Stephen L.; Beard, Keith W.; Kuo, Shih-Ya; Swindell, Samuel; Stroupe, Walter

    2013-01-01

    Retrospective data were entered anonymously by 1,521 adult women using computer-assisted self interview. Forty were classified as victims of brother-sister incest, 19 were classified as victims of father-daughter incest, and 232 were classified as victims of sexual abuse by an adult other than their father before reaching 18 years of age. The…

  13. Learning English through Social Interaction: The Case of "Big Brother 2006," Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaanta, Leila; Jauni, Heidi; Leppanen, Sirpa; Peuronen, Saija; Paakkinen, Terhi

    2013-01-01

    In line with recent Conversation Analytic work on language learning as situated practice, this article investigates how interactants can create language learning opportunities for themselves and others in and through social interaction. The study shows how the participants of "Big Brother Finland," a reality TV show, whose main…

  14. Wat je ziet, ben je zelf. Big Brother: lust, leven en lijden voor de camera

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.J.G. Beunders (Henri)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractHenri Beunders, hoogleraar aan de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam, is van huis uit historicus en heeft zich gespecialiseerd in de geschiedenis van de media. In dit razendsnel geschreven en geproduceerde boek geeft hij een evaluatie van het tv-programma Big Brother. Hij heeft uit de aar

  15. Another Look at Vividness in the Trial of Two Vietnamese Brothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bresnahan, Mary I.

    A study examined the trial of People v. Tien (two Vietnamese brothers named defendants in an assault case). In order to understand better the relationship between supportive speech acts and credibility, the study examined how the attorney elicited vivid testimony. One of the ways in which an attorney yields control of testimony to a witness is by…

  16. "Brothers and Sisters": A Novel Way to Teach Human Resources Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bumpus, Minnette

    2000-01-01

    The novel "Brothers and Sisters" by Bebe Moore Campbell was used in a management course to explore human resource management issues, concepts, and theories. The course included prereading and postreading surveys, lecture, book review, and examination. Most of the students (92%) felt the novel was an appropriate way to meet course objectives. (SK)

  17. Clinical study and haplotype analysis in two brothers with Partington syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frints, Suzanna G M; Borghgraef, Martine; Froyen, Guy; Marynen, Peter; Fryns, Jean-Pierre

    2002-11-01

    Partington et al. [1988] described a three-generation family (MRXS1, MIM *309510, PRTS) with a syndromic form of X-linked mental retardation (XLMR). The clinical features in 10 affected males included mild to moderate MR, dystonic movements of the hands, and dysarthria. After refinement, the PRTS locus was mapped to marker DXS989 (with maximum LOD score of 3.1) with flanking markers DXS365 and DXS28. Since then, no other patients with a similar phenotype have been described. We present a detailed description of the neurological symptoms and the disease history of two brothers with the clinical features of PRTS. Psychomotor development was delayed in both, and neurological features included mild to moderate mental retardation, dysarthria, facial muscle weakness, severe dysdiadochokinesis, slow dystonic movements, and mild spasticity of the hands, without ataxia or spasticity of the legs. The symptoms were nonprogressive and extrapyramidal, and without cerebellar involvement. In general, behavior of the two brothers was friendly and quiet, although the elder brother had periods of depressed mood and outbursts of anger. Karyotypes and subsequent investigation of the subtelomeres as well as DNA analysis of the FMR1 gene, the androgen receptor gene, and the DM locus did not reveal a genetic abnormality. Haplotype analysis showed that the affected brothers share the PRTS region at Xp22.1. Mutation screening of the PDH-E1alpha gene did not reveal a pathogenic mutation.

  18. Circuits of Spectacle: The Miller Brothers' 101 Ranch Real Wild West

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fields, Alison

    2012-01-01

    The Miller Brothers' 101 Ranch Real Wild West show ran from 1906 to 1931, outlasting the famous Buffalo Bill's Wild West show by more than a decade. From its beginnings in Oklahoma Territory, the Real Wild West show traveled national and international circuits and built a broad roster of performers, including more than 150 American Indians. During…

  19. Reluctant Romantics – On the fairy tale poetics of the Brothers Grimm and their relationship to German Romanticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel dos Santos

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The legacy of the Brothers Grimm continues to fascinate readers and researchers alike. The 200-year anniversary of the first publication of their fairy tales sparked a renewed interest in the life, work and times of the brothers. Fascinated by the past, by the political present and by the literary future of Romanticism, the Brothers Grimm stayed together in an unusual working union. They established what was to become German philology and published many invaluable works on language and history, myths and folk tales. This article will focus on the brothers’ place in German Romanticism through their contribution of fairy tales. The period was marked by political and philosophical thought that emphasised authentic experienced and the spiritual unity of art, science and philosophy. There was a strong call for national emancipation. Literature was required to embody this unity through an established national literature founded on German folk traditions. The Grimms seemed to have heeded that call. But a careful study reveals that their intentions were motivated less by the literary movement than by their own strong convictions which they upheld even at the cost of compromising the authenticity they claimed to uphold in their poetics. The many controversies regarding the origins, collection and editing of the fairy tales is inextricably linked to the brothers’ difficult relationship with the Romantic Movement. Two hundred years later, this article seeks to give an appraisal of the Brothers’ motivation for their poetics and of the research conducted thus far.

  20. Primary lymphoma of the brain in a young man whose brother died of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: Case report

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    Džoljić Eleonora

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. We represent the unique occurrence of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL in a patient whose brother died of genetically confirmed hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH. Case Outline. We report a case of a 25-year-old male patient with primary aggressive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma affecting the brain and PCNSL. Despite one year of medical treatment outcome was lethal. However, our patient had a relatively longer survival compared to median survival time for PCNSL. Additionally, he had two older brothers who died at the age of about 11 years. One died of fulminate malignancy, shortly after pediatric admission, before the diagnosis could be established. The other one died from genetically confirmed (perforin mutation/PRF1 HLH. Our patient was heterozygous carrier of perforin mutation representing the genetic marker for HLH. Our patient’s father was the carrier of the same mutation but had no symptoms of any disease. Conclusion. This case points at the presence of HLH and diffuse large B-cell PCNSL in brothers. Extensive assessment of patients with probable PCNSL and familial HLH is necessary, including genetic analysis for HLH. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175090

  1. Extreme intrafamilial variability of Saudi brothers with primary hyperoxaluria type 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfadhel M

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Majid Alfadhel,1 Khalid A Alhasan,2 Mohammed Alotaibi,3 Khalid Al Fakeeh41Division of Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 2Division of Nephrology Department of Pediatrics, King Saud University King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 3Department of Radiology, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 4Division of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaBackground: Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1 is characterized by progressive renal insufficiency culminating in end-stage renal disease, and a wide range of clinical features related to systemic oxalosis in different organs. It is caused by autosomal recessive deficiency of alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase due to a defect in AGXT gene.Case report: Two brothers (one 6 months old; the other 2 years old presented with acute renal failure and urinary tract infection respectively. PH1 was confirmed by high urinary oxalate level, demonstration of oxalate crystals in bone biopsy, and pathogenic homozygous known AGXT gene mutation. Despite the same genetic background, same sex, and shared environment, the outcome of the two siblings differs widely. While one of them died earlier with end-stage renal disease and multiorgan failure caused by systemic oxalosis, the older brother is pyridoxine responsive with normal development and renal function.Conclusion: Clinicians should be aware of extreme intrafamilial variability of PH1 and international registries are needed to characterize the genotype-phenotype correlation in such disorder.Keywords: primary hyperoxaluria, oxalosis, PH1, intrafamilial variability

  2. "They Treat Objects Like Women, Man." The Representation and Examination of Feminist Attitudes in the Films of the Coen Brothers

    OpenAIRE

    Guðrún Halla Jóhannsdóttir 1990

    2015-01-01

    This essay serves as an exploration of the representation and presentation of the Female in the works of the Coen Brothers – more specifically in six of their films (Blood Simple, Barton Fink, Fargo, O Brother, Where Art Thou?, The Big Lebowski, A Serious Man). A portrayal of the depressing reality and lack which the Female is faced with will be examined along with dependency on the Male in the Coen brother's fictional universe. The essay will mostly be utilizing the works of such theorists a...

  3. Mental retardation, premature balding, small genitalia, small acra and small patellae in brothers: Confirmation of an entity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.M. Vandersteen; R.C. Hennekam

    2010-01-01

    We describe two brothers with moderate to severe mental retardation, short stature, an unusual skull shape, early anterior balding, unusual facial morphology, hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism, small genitalia, and small patellae. The older sib had generalized hypotonia without focal neurological abnor

  4. Yu Hua’s Brothers in and out of China:A Critical Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全瑜彬

    2015-01-01

    This article offers a critical review of the existing evaluation of Brothers,both the Chinese and English texts,focused on reviews of the English translation,through which the reception of the novel is examined.It is found that unlike the heated controversy over the novel in China,Brothers received warm critical reception in the English-speaking world,though also with criticism.However,there are still insufficient reviews of the English version,concerning its translation quality and style.Thus,"translator’s invisibility"is still a common phenomenon.It is therefore concluded that a sociological analysis of its production,circulation and reception in the target culture is both significant and worthwhile to shed new light on the mechanism by which Chinese literature can be successfully exported.

  5. Yu Hua’s Brothers in and out of China:A Critical Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全瑜彬

    2015-01-01

    This article offers a critical review of the existing evaluation of Brothers,both the Chinese and English texts,focused on reviews of the English translation,through which the reception of the novel is examined.It is found that unlike the heated controversy over the novel in China,Brothers received warm critical reception in the English-speaking world,though also with criticism.However,there are still insufficient reviews of the English version,concerning its translation quality and style.Thus,“translator’s invisibility” is still a common phenomenon.It is therefore concluded that a sociological analysis of its production,circulation and reception in the target culture is both significant and worthwhile to shed new light on the mechanism by which Chinese literature can be successfully exported.

  6. Exercise electrocardiogram testing in two brothers with different outcome – a case study exercise testing in master cyclists

    OpenAIRE

    Rüst CA; Knechtle B; Rosemann T.

    2013-01-01

    Christoph Alexander Rüst,1 Beat Knechtle,1,2 Thomas Rosemann11Institute of General Practice and Health Services Research, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; 2Gesundheitszentrum St Gallen, St Gallen, SwitzerlandAbstract: The cases of two brothers training and competing as master cyclists and both preparing for a cycling tour are presented. The older brother aged 66 years went first to the primary care physician and presented with an asymptomatic depression in the exercise stre...

  7. β-Mannosidase deficiency: Heterogeneous manifestation in the first female patient and her brother

    OpenAIRE

    Kleijer, Wim; Hu, P; Thoomes, R.; Boer, M.; Huijmans, Jan; Blom, W.; Diggelen, Otto; Seemanova, E; Macek, Milan MI

    1990-01-01

    markdownabstractSummary β-Mannosidase deficiency was demonstrated in fibroblasts of a girl who showed severe psychomotor retardation, bone deformities and gargoylism and recurrent skin and respiratory infections and who died at 20 years of age from bronchopneumonia. This first demonstration of a female patient confirms the autosomal recessive inheritance of β-mannosidosis. Further investigation of this gipsy family revealed β-mannosidosis in an older brother with a milder manifestation of gar...

  8. Negative Pressure Pulmonary Oedema: A Rare Case Report of Two Brothers

    OpenAIRE

    Jaafarpour, Molouk; Khajavikhan, Javaher; Khani, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Negative Pressure Pulmonary O/Edema (NPPE) is potentially life-threatening and it is a general anaesthesia side effect. We are mentioning a rare case report of two brothers who were referred to our hospital for elective surgeries (varicocele and septoplasty) in a 3 years period. Both of them were athletes and their coagulation factors were disturbed after surgeries. Pulmonary oedema was healed after treating it by reintubation, mechanical ventilation by Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP)...

  9. X-linked mental retardation syndrome: Three brothers with the Brooks-Wisniewski-Brown syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morava, E.; Storcz, J.; Kosztolanyi, G. [Univ. Medical School, Pecs (Hungary)

    1996-07-12

    We report on 3 brothers with growth and mental retardation, bifrontal narrowness, short palpebral fissures, deeply set eyes with entropion, wide bulbous nose, small mouth, myopia, and spastic diplegia. The patients were born to normal and non-consanguineous parents. The similarity of our cases with those recently reported by Brooks et al. supports their suggestion that these patients are representative of a distinct entity. 8 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  10. [Two pairs of brothers with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA): case reports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robazzi, Teresa Cristina M V; Rios, Gabriela; Castro, Catarina

    2015-01-01

    This is a case report of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in two pairs of brothers followed in the department of pediatric rheumatology, Universidade Federal da Bahia. Genetic involvement in JIA pathogenesis is clear and the risk of recurrence among siblings supports this contribution. An important landmark of this discovery involves the acknowledgment of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) polymorphism contribution to JIA development susceptibility. Despite many advances, the numerous available studies cannot explain several implicit mechanisms in JIA pathogenesis yet.

  11. Corporate Governance and Responsible Bankers: Lesson Learned from Lehman Brothers' Minibonds Saga

    OpenAIRE

    Ho, Angel / W.Y.

    2009-01-01

    The focus of this research is the case of Lehman Brothers’ Minibonds Saga in Hong Kong which directly followed the current economic crisis. Such a study is important to identify the problems faced by Hong Kong since the collapse of Lehman Brothers in US and to reflect on the lessons learned from the case. The research then seeks to identify the enablers in respect of responsibilities from economic, legal, ethical, social and management/administration perspectives contributed to the Minibond...

  12. Old Instruments, New Agendas: The Chemical Brothers and the ARP 2600

    OpenAIRE

    Hans T. Zeiner-Henriksen

    2014-01-01

    A preference for old vintage music equipment is widespread in electronic dance music. My point of departure for a discussion of this phenomenon is an interview from Keyboard magazine in which the members of the production duo the Chemical Brothers proclaim their fascination with an old analogue synthesizer. Two diverse theoretical approaches will inform and nuance my narrative here. Wiebe E. Bijker’s sociotechnical approach to the development of technology will highlight stages and processes ...

  13. Having an Older Brother Is Good or Bad for Your Education And Health? Evidence from Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Tran, Dong Quang; Nguyen, Viet Cuong

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the sex of the first-born children on education and health outcome of later born children. We do not find a significant effect of the sex of the first-born children on health utilization of later born children. However, we find some small effects of education. Once controlled for the number of sibling, having a firstborn brother reduces the probability of school enrolment and the probability of having good academic performance. Although the education outcomes of girls are ...

  14. Phelan-McDermid syndrome in two adult brothers: atypical bipolar disorder as its psychopathological phenotype?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verhoeven WMA

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Willem MA Verhoeven1,2, Jos IM Egger1,3,4, Marjolein H Willemsen5, Gert JM de Leijer6, Tjitske Kleefstra51Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Centre of Excellence for Neuropsychiatry, Venray, 2Erasmus University Medical Centre, Department of Psychiatry, Rotterdam, 3Donders Centre for Cognition, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, 4Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, 5Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, 6Dichterbij, Institutes for Intellectual Disabilities, Gennep, The NetherlandsAbstract: The 22q13.3 deletion, or Phelan-McDermid syndrome, is characterized by global intellectual disability, generalized hypotonia, severely delayed or absent speech associated with features of autism spectrum disorder, and minor dysmorphisms. Its behavioral phenotype comprises sleep disturbances, communication deficits, and motor perseverations. Data on psychological dysfunctions are so far not available. Previous studies have suggested that the loss of one copy of the gene SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 3 (SHANK3 is related to the neurobehavioral phenotype. Additional genes proximal to SHANK3 are also likely to play a role in the phenotype of patients with larger deletions. The present paper describes two adult brothers with an identical 2.15 Mb 22qter (22q13.32q13.33 deletion, of whom the youngest was referred for evaluation of recurrent mood changes. In both patients, magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed hypoplasia of the vermis cerebelli. Extensive clinical examinations led to a final diagnosis of atypical bipolar disorder, of which symptoms fully remitted during treatment with a mood stabilizer. In the older brother, a similar psychopathological picture appeared to be present, although less severe and with a later onset. It is concluded that the behavioral phenotype of the 22q13.3 deletion syndrome comprises absent or delayed speech and perseverations

  15. Power in Play: A Foucauldian Reading of A.O. Soyinka’s The Trials of Brother Jero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahboobeh Davoodifar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This work utilizes Foucault’s articulations on the power strategies of our contemporary society. To him the subject’s constitution is never a purely passive effect of power on the subject but requires the subject’s own activity. This necessitates the existence of a dynamic, mutually affecting relationship, implying that one can be both dominated and dominate at different times and in different contexts. This article aims to analyze the Nigerian Noble Laureate, Wole Soyinka’s play The Trials of Brother Jero, a prophetical play that criticizes the ills of society through its satirical depiction, in the light of Foucault’s conceptualizations on power. To do this, the article first clarifies Foucault’s mature understanding of the operation of power and then attempts to provide an in-depth analysis of the structure of the power regime and its relations in the play, tactics of domination, and more importantly, the characters’ relations to the existing system of power. The study of the language and the dialogue of the main characters, Brother Jero, Amope, Chume and a Member of Federation House not only exposes the sources of operating power relations, but it also highlights the characters’ desire for power and the way it flows and slips from one character to another. The findings of the paper reveals that power is not concentrated on merely one character or institution within the play, rather, it circulates, and through the active resistance of the dominated characters, it constantly engenders new meanings within the structure of the play. In The Trials of Brother Jero, different characters have the desire to use power against each other and the resistance of each of them indicates that power is neither possessive nor repressive.Keywords: Michel Foucault, Power, Pastoral Power, Resistance, Wole Soyinka

  16. Jernej Kopitar, Vuk Karadžić and the Brothers Grimm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Kropej

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe article is focused on Kopitar’s work in linguistics and oral tradition at the age of enlightenment and romanticism and on his contribution to the South Slavic publications of folk narratives and linguistics, especially from the perspective of his cooperation with Jacob Grimm and Vuk Stefanović Karadžić. Jernej Kopitar (1780–1844 was a Slovene linguist, censor and scriptor in Vienna and was one of the founders of Slavic studies and the author of the renowned first Slovene scientific grammar book Grammatik der slavischen Sprache in Krain, Kärnten und Steiermark (Grammar of Slavic languages in Carniola, Carinthia and Styria 1809. He was also the translator of the Freising Manuscripts (Brižinski spomeniki. As an accomplished philologist, Kopitar maintained contacts and kept correspondence with numerous intellectuals of that period, notably with Josef Dobrovský and the great German philologists Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm. Some of their letters have been preserved to the present. As a mentor to Vuk Karadžić, whom he encouraged to publish literary folklore, dictionaries, and grammar, he introduced Karadžić to Jacob Grimm who took Karadžić under his guidance. Kopitar and Grimm occasionally participated in Karadžić’s publications and introduced his work to Europe. The article focuses on the cooperation among the Grimm brothers, Jernej Kopitar and Vuk Karadžić.

  17. Non-autoimmune subclinical hypothyroidism due to a mutation in TSH receptor: report on two brothers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cerbone Manuela

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH is a condition characterized by a mild persistent thyroid failure. The main cause is represented by autoimmune thyroiditis, but mutations in genes encoding proteins involved in TSH pathway are thought to be responsible for SH, particularly in cases arising in familial settings. Patients with the syndrome of TSH unresponsiveness may have compensated or overt hypothyroidism with a wide spectrum of clinical and morphological alterations depending on the degree of impairment of TSH-receptor (TSH-R function. We describe the case of two brothers with non autoimmune SH carrying the same heterozygous mutation in the extracellular domain of TSH-R and presenting with different clinical, biochemical and morphological features. The first one had only a slight persistent elevation of TSH, a normal thyroid ultrasound and did never require l- thyroxine (L-T4 replacement treatment. The second one had a neonatal persistent moderate TSH levels increase associated with a thyroid gland hypoplasia and was treated with L-T4 since the first months of life. These two cases support the recent association of TSH-R mutations inheritance as an autosomal dominant pattern with variable expressivity and suggest that the decision to start replacement therapy in patients with persistent SH due to TSH resistance should be individualized.

  18. Charisma and Routine: Shaping the Memory of Brother Richard and Joan of Arc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Brown

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The extraordinary life and fate of Joan of Arc are well known; so is her association with the prophetic preacher, Brother Richard, who predicted the Apocalypse. Less well explained is why contemporaries initially took such an interest in this association, and how and why it began to fade from official memory after Joan’s death. Max Weber’s concepts of “charisma” and “routinization” offer valuable tools to deal with these questions. Both Joan and Richard have earned the title “charismatic” but interest in the preacher has generally been secondary to interest in the Maid. A more rigorous adoption of Weber’s meaning of charisma, however, helps to clarify what the relative importance of these figures was in the eyes of contemporaries. It also shifts attention to the significance of messianic prophecy in the years surrounding Joan’s life, the anxieties it generated and the way it was dealt with. In this context, the processions and commemorative ceremonies organized by townspeople, churchmen and royalty during this period deserve further analysis. Seen as forces of “routine”, these ceremonies assume a greater significance than they have usually been granted, as processes that managed the memory of charismatic phenomena.

  19. Traits of ADHD and autism in girls with a twin brother: a Mendelian randomization study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Attermann, Jorn; Obel, Carsten; Bilenberg, Niels;

    2012-01-01

    in females. In conclusion, we found that female twins with a twin brother scored significantly lower in parent-reported traits of ADHD and ASD than those with a twin sister. The reason for this may be parental reporting bias, or confounding by unmeasured variables, or a causal effect of an intrauterine...... of the co-twin influences the level of prenatal exposure to testosterone. We invited parents of 24,552 3- to 15-year-old twins to answer questionnaires on traits of ADHD and ASD. We analysed the data using a proportional odds model with sex of the co-twin as an instrumental variable for prenatal exposure...

  20. Azoospermia in two brothers with Kartagener syndrome:a family history and diagnosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yue Huan-xun; Zhang Xun; Jiang Min; Li Fu-ping; Ning Gang; Tian Yu; Lin Li; Zhang Si-xiao

    2008-01-01

    0This article describes 2 infertile brothers of asoospermia equally associated with co-existing sinusitis,bronchiectasis,and situs inversus and their family history.These two cases were diagnosed as Kartagener syndrome(KS).The patients were not offspring of kin marriages but their family members with scattered bronchi-pulmouary infections were discovered.No one manifests azoospermia,dextrocardia or situs inversus in the paternal family ex-cept two cases reported.No abnormalities were found in their mother-side family.KS should be differentiated from Young's syndrome,cystic fibrosis(CF),and other diseases such as Kallmann's syndrome in male infertility clinic.

  1. Alpha-fucosidosis – Two brothers presenting with dysostosis multiplex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rimshah Shaukat

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available α-Fucosidosis is a rare inherited neuro-degenerative disorder causing progressive neurological deterioration leading to early death. Definitive diagnosis requires α-fucosidase enzyme assay or FUCA1 gene testing, which being expensive limits the definitive diagnosis in resource limited countries. We present two siblings with classic symptoms, radiological and MRI brain findings suggestive of α-fucosidosis and a clinical approach to reach to the diagnosis.

  2. Brotherly Bonds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Beijing Review: How do you view the importance of Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao's upcoming visit to Pakistan? Masood Khan: There is a lot of excitement in Pakistan to receive Premier Wen Jiabao. He is a very popular leader in Pakistan, as he represents the most beloved nation for Pakistanis-China.

  3. Brotherly Bonds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao just completed his official visit to Pakistan at the invitation of Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani. Masood Khan, Pakistan’s Ambassador to China, talked on December 10-prior to Wen’s visit-with Beijing Review reporter Yu Yan about the significance of Wen’s visit, the foundations of the China-Pakistan partnership, Pakistan’s relations with India and Pakistan’s domestic situations.

  4. Sibling relationships of children with autistic, mentally retarded, and nonhandicapped brothers and sisters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McHale, S M; Sloan, J; Simeonsson, R J

    1986-12-01

    The subjects were 90 children between 6 and 15 years of age, 30 with autistic, 30 with mentally retarded, and 30 with nonhandicapped brothers or sisters. The children were questioned about their sibling relationships in an open-ended interview, and, in the case of children with handicapped siblings, they also responded to questions about particular problems they faced in regard to their brothers or sisters. In addition, mothers filled out a behavior rating scale in which they described the positive and negative aspects of their children's behavior toward the sibling. In general, children and mothers rated the sibling relationships positively. Group comparisons indicated that children with autistic and mentally retarded siblings did not differ on any self-report measures. Children with nonhandicapped siblings reported that their family relations were slightly more cohesive but otherwise did not differ in terms of their self-reports from children with handicapped siblings. Mothers of nonhandicapped children, however, rated the sibling relationships more negatively than did mothers of handicapped children. Further analyses revealed that status variables (age, gender, family size) were not as highly correlated with the quality of sibling relationships with handicapped children as were specific problem areas (e.g., perceptions of parental favoritism, coping ability, concerns about the handicapped child's future). PMID:3804956

  5. ATRX mutation in two adult brothers with non-specific moderate intellectual disability identified by exome sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moncini, S; Bedeschi, M F; Castronovo, P; Crippa, M; Calvello, M; Garghentino, R R; Scuvera, G; Finelli, P; Venturin, M

    2013-12-01

    In this report, we describe two adult brothers affected by moderate non-specific intellectual disability (ID). They showed minor facial anomalies, not clearly ascribable to any specific syndromic patterns, microcephaly, brachydactyly and broad toes. Both brothers presented seizures. Karyotype, subtelomeric and FMR1 analysis were normal in both cases. We performed array-CGH analysis that revealed no copy-number variations potentially associated with ID. Subsequent exome sequence analysis allowed the identification of the ATRX c.109C>T (p.R37X) mutation in both the affected brothers. Sanger sequencing confirmed the presence of the mutation in the brothers and showed that the mother is a healthy carrier. Mutations in the ATRX gene cause the X-linked alpha thalassemia/mental retardation (ATR-X) syndrome (MIM #301040), a severe clinical condition usually associated with profound ID, facial dysmorphism and alpha thalassemia. However, the syndrome is clinically heterogeneous and some mutations, including the c.109C>T, are associated with a broad phenotypic spectrum, with patients displaying a less severe phenotype with only mild-moderate ID. In the case presented here, exome sequencing provided an effective strategy to achieve the molecular diagnosis of ATR-X syndrome, which otherwise would have been difficult to consider due to the mild non-specific phenotype and the absence of a family history with typical severe cases. PMID:25606380

  6. 20 CFR 222.40 - When determinations of relationship are made for parent, grandchild, brother or sister.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Relationship as Parent, Grandchild, Brother or Sister § 222.40 When determinations of relationship are made for parent, grandchild... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When determinations of relationship are...

  7. Sense of coherence and ways of coping in the relationship with brother or sister in healthy siblings of mentally ill persons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osuchowska-Kościjańska, Anna

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim:The aim of the present study was to investigate sense of coherence in healthy siblings of persons suffering from schizophrenia as well as their ways of coping in the relationship with ill brother or sister. Methods: 40 healthy brothers and sisters of persons with ICD- 10 diagnosis of F20 to F29 participated in the present study. Orientation to Life Scale (SOC- 29 was used to assess sense of coherence and Ways of Coping with Stress questionnaire (SRSS was used to examine stress coping strategies. Results: Mean global score of siblings of persons with schizophrenia was 111 points. Subjects used coping strategies focused on problem significantly more often than those focused on emotions. Conclusions: Therapeutic work with healthy siblings should focus on strengthening sense of personal competence, development of personal resources and different ways of coping with stress, investigation of emotions that healthy siblings experience in the relationship with ill brother or sister as well as supporting the process of accepting changes in the relationship with the ill sibling.

  8. Sustained virologic response following HCV eradication in two brothers with X-linked agammaglobulinaemia.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Houlihan, Diarmaid D

    2009-08-21

    X-linked agammaglobulinaemia (XLA) is a humoral immunodeficiency syndrome characterized from childhood by the absence of circulating B lymphocytes, absent or reduced levels of serum immunoglobulin and recurrent bacterial infections. For many affected patients, regular treatment with immunoglobulin is life saving. Hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection acquired through contaminated blood products is widely described in this patient cohort. The natural history of HCV infection in patients with XLA tends to follow a more rapid and aggressive course compared to immunocompetent individuals. Furthermore, standard anti-viral therapy appears to be less efficacious in this patient cohort. Here we report the cases of two brothers with XLA who contracted HCV through contaminated blood products. They were treated with a six month course of Interferon alpha-2b and Ribavirin. We report a sustained virologic response five years after completing treatment.

  9. Beta-mannosidase deficiency: heterogeneous manifestation in the first female patient and her brother.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleijer, W J; Hu, P; Thoomes, R; Boer, M; Huijmans, J G; Blom, W; Van Diggelen, O P; Seemanova, E; Macek, M

    1990-01-01

    beta-Mannosidase deficiency was demonstrated in fibroblasts of a girl who showed severe psychomotor retardation, bone deformities and gargoylism and recurrent skin and respiratory infections and who died at 20 years of age from bronchopneumonia. This first demonstration of a female patient confirms the autosomal recessive inheritance of beta-mannosidosis. Further investigation of this gypsy family revealed beta-mannosidosis in an older brother with a milder manifestation of gargoyl facial dysmorphology, mental retardation, hearing impairment and recurrent infections. beta-Mannosidase activity was completely deficient in his cultured skin fibroblasts, leukocytes and plasma. In urine a characteristic disaccharide was present. Heterozygote levels of beta-mannosidase were found in fibroblasts and/or plasma of the parents and one sister. PMID:2079835

  10. A sterile sperm caste protects brother fertile sperm from female-mediated death in Drosophila pseudoobscura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holman, Luke; Snook, Rhonda R

    2008-01-01

    antispermicidal mechanisms have been definitively identified. One such adaptation may be the enigmatic infertile sperm morphs or "parasperm" produced by many species, which have been hypothesized to protect their fertile brother "eusperm" from spermicide [2, 3]. Here, we show that female Drosophila pseudoobscura...... reproductive tracts are spermicidal and that the survival of eusperm after exposure to the female tract is highest when males produce many parasperm. This study clarifies the adaptive significance of infertile sperm castes, which has remained elusive in Drosophila and other taxa despite much recent interest [2......Spermicide (i.e., female-mediated sperm death) is an understudied but potentially widespread phenomenon that has important ramifications for the study of sexual conflict, postcopulatory sexual selection, and fertility [1, 2]. Males are predicted to evolve adaptations against spermicide, but few...

  11. Increased urinary excretion of analogs of Krebs cycle metabolites and arabinose in two brothers with autistic features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, W; Kassen, E; Chaves, E

    1995-08-01

    A marked increase in analogs of Krebs cycle metabolites was found in the urine of two brothers with autistic features. These metabolites included citramalic, tartaric (3-OH-malic), and 3-oxoglutaric acids and compounds tentatively identified as a citric acid analog and partially identified as a phenylcarboxylic acid by the fragmentation pattern of the trimethylsilyl (TMS) derivatives of the compounds and mass shifts of the same compounds derivatized with perdeuterated N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide. The molecular mass of the TMS derivative of the tentatively identified citric acid analog was 596 Da, based on a finding of a significant M - 15 ion at m/z 581. The citric acid analog was excreted in quantities as high as 137 mmol/mol creatinine, based on the response factor of citric acid as a surrogate calibrator. A carbohydrate with a retention time and mass spectrum identical to arabinose was also found in high concentrations in the urine of these brothers.

  12. Elevated Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate Levels as the Reproductive Phenotype in the Brothers of Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Legro, Richard S.; Kunselman, Allen R.; DEMERS, LAWRENCE; Wang, Steve C.; Bentley-Lewis, Rhonda; Dunaif, Andrea

    2002-01-01

    There is an inherited susceptibility to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Some investigators have suggested that premature male-pattern balding is a male phenotype in PCOS families, but this remains controversial. We recently reported evidence for an autosomal monogenic abnormality in ovarian and adrenal steroidogenesis in the sisters of women with PCOS. We performed this study to determine whether we could identify a clinical or biochemical phenotype in the brothers of women with PCOS. One h...

  13. "I open the coffin and here i am". Disability as oppression and iberating education in my brother's construction of identity

    OpenAIRE

    Calderón Almendros, Ignacio

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a case study on my brother Rafael, a young musician. Research is based on 180 records made through interviews, focus groups, observations and documentary collection, involving 190 informants. The data analysis shows how the social system creates subordinated and stigmatized conditions of experience for people with disabilities, that lead to social exclusion and reification. This disability as oppression (which is the "coffin of the dead") can be combated by education u...

  14. Super Mario brothers and sisters: Associations between coplaying video games and sibling conflict and affection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coyne, Sarah M; Jensen, Alexander C; Smith, Nathan J; Erickson, Daniel H

    2016-02-01

    Video games can be played in many different contexts. This study examined associations between coplaying video games between siblings and levels of affection and conflict in the relationship. Participants were 508 adolescents (M age = 16.31 years of age, SD = 1.08) who completed questionnaires on video game use and sibling relationships. Participants were recruited from a large Northwestern city and a moderate city in the Mountain West of the United States. Video games played between siblings were coded by an independent sample to assess levels of physical aggression and prosocial behavior in each game. Playing video games with a sibling was associated with higher levels of sibling affection for both boys and girls, but higher levels of conflict for boys only. Playing a violent video game with a brother was associated with lower levels of conflict in the sibling relationship, whereas playing a prosocial video game was not related to any sibling outcome. The value of video games in sibling relationships will be discussed, with a focus on the type of game and the sex of the adolescent. PMID:26748076

  15. Super Mario brothers and sisters: Associations between coplaying video games and sibling conflict and affection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coyne, Sarah M; Jensen, Alexander C; Smith, Nathan J; Erickson, Daniel H

    2016-02-01

    Video games can be played in many different contexts. This study examined associations between coplaying video games between siblings and levels of affection and conflict in the relationship. Participants were 508 adolescents (M age = 16.31 years of age, SD = 1.08) who completed questionnaires on video game use and sibling relationships. Participants were recruited from a large Northwestern city and a moderate city in the Mountain West of the United States. Video games played between siblings were coded by an independent sample to assess levels of physical aggression and prosocial behavior in each game. Playing video games with a sibling was associated with higher levels of sibling affection for both boys and girls, but higher levels of conflict for boys only. Playing a violent video game with a brother was associated with lower levels of conflict in the sibling relationship, whereas playing a prosocial video game was not related to any sibling outcome. The value of video games in sibling relationships will be discussed, with a focus on the type of game and the sex of the adolescent.

  16. My brother's reaper: examining officially reported siblicide incidents in the United States, 2000-2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Jeffrey A; Krienert, Jessie L

    2014-01-01

    With higher rates than any other form of intrafamilial violence, Hoffman and Edwards (2004) note, sibling violence "constitutes a pandemic form of victimization of children, with the symptoms often going unrecognized and the effect ignored" (p. 187). Approximately 80% of children reside with at least one sibling (Kreider, 2008), and in its most extreme form sibling violence manifests as siblicide. Siblicide is poorly understood with fewer than 20 empirical studies identified in the extant literature since 1980 (see Eriksen & Jensen, 2006). The present work employs 8 years of Supplemental Homicide Report (SHR) data, 2000-2007, with siblicide victims and offenders age 21 years and younger, to construct contemporary victim and offender profiles examining incident characteristics. Findings highlight the sex-based nature of the offense with unique victimization patterns across victims and offenders. Older brothers using a firearm are the most frequent offenders against both male and female siblings. Strain as a theoretical foundation of siblicide is offered as an avenue for future inquiry. PMID:25069154

  17. Sixty Days Remaining, Forty Years of CERN, Two Brothers, One Exclusive Interview

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Twins Marcel and Daniel Genolin while sharing memories of their CERN experiences, point out just how much smaller the Meyrin site once was. In a place such as CERN where the physical sciences are in many ways the essence of our daily lives and where technological advancement is an everyday occurrence, it is easy to lose track of the days, months, and even years. But last week twin brothers, Daniel and Marcel Genolin, hired in the early sixties and getting ready to end their eventful forty year CERN experiences, made it clear that the winds of time bluster past us whether we are aware or not. 'CERN was very small when we started' says Marcel, who has worked in transport during his entire time here. A lot has changed. 'When I got here there were no phones in peoples' houses' he recalls,'when there were problems in the control room with the PS (Proton Synchrotron) they used to get a megaphone and tell us {the transport service} to go and get the necessary physicists from their homes in the area. We had to lo...

  18. Uma aproximação analí­tica do formato televisual do reality show Big Brother

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Andacht

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho apresenta alguns resultados de uma pesquisa comparada sobre o funcionamento semiótico de um formato televisivo global em duas de suas produções locais, Rio de la Plata e Brasil, nos anos 2001 e 2002. Através da perspectiva sociossemiótica baseada no modelo de Peirce, procura-se analisar os elementos próprios da significação do formato e de sua contextualização local. Descreve-se o reality show Big Brother como uma melocrônica dos bastidores da interação humana, em atenção aos componentes sí­gnicos centrais do formato, isto é, í­ndices e í­cones, que emergem na encenação televisual do face a face cotidiano. A contemplação turí­stica da ordem de interação ou do âmbito da sociabilidade permite compreender mudanças nas formas sociais que vão muito além do reduzido espaço do reality show glocal da Endemol, p.ex. no discurso eleitoral televisivo brasileiro. Palavras chave reality show, semiótica triádica, gênero hí­brido, sociabilidade. Abstract The article presents some results of a comparative research on the semiotic functioning of a global television genre in two of its local productions, that of the River Plate and that of Brazil, in the years 2001 and 2002. Through a sociosemiotic perspective based on the model of C. S. Peirce, the text accounts for the specific elements of signification of the format and of its local contextualization. The Big Brother reality show is deemed to be a hybrid genre, namely, a melochronicle of the backstage of human interaction, on account of the basic sign components of this TV format, i.e., indexes and icons, which emerge in the televisual staging of everyday face to face encounters. A tourist-like contemplation of the order of interaction or sociability realm allows us to understand changes in the social forms that reach far beyond the limited realm of the glocal Endemol reality show, for instance, in the Brazilian television political

  19. A case report of Chinese brothers with inherited MECP2-containing duplication: autism and intellectual disability, but not seizures or respiratory infections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Xiu

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs are a family of neurodevelopmental disorders with strong genetic components. Recent studies have shown that copy number variations in dosage sensitive genes can contribute significantly to these disorders. One such gene is the transcription factor MECP2, whose loss of function in females results in Rett syndrome, while its duplication in males results in developmental delay and autism. Case presentation Here, we identified a Chinese family with two brothers both inheriting a 2.2 Mb MECP2-containing duplication (151,369,305 – 153,589,577 from their mother. In addition, both brothers also had a 213.7 kb duplication on Chromosome 2, inherited from their father. The older brother also carried a 48.4 kb duplication on Chromosome 2 inherited from the mother, and a 8.2 kb deletion at 11q13.5 inherited from the father. Based on the published literature, MECP2 is the most autism-associated gene among the identified CNVs. Consistently, the boys displayed clinical features in common with other patients carrying MECP2 duplications, including intellectual disability, autism, lack of speech, slight hypotonia and unsteadiness of movement. They also had slight dysmorphic features including a depressed nose bridge, large ears and midface hypoplasia. Interestingly, they did not exhibit other clinical features commonly observed in American-European patients with MECP2 duplication, including recurrent respiratory infections and epilepsy. Conclusions To our knowledge, this is the first identification and characterization of Chinese Han patients with MECP2-containing duplications. Further cases are required to determine if the above described clinical differences are due to individual variations or related to the genetic background of the patients.

  20. A tragédia da impossibilidade do evento: Os Maias; o Big Brother e a pedagogia dos media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Grossegesse

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O romance Os Maias (1888 de Eça de Queiroz pertence ao cânone da Literatura Portuguesa. Questionando a leitura integral de textos literários no Ensino Secundário, a definição de Os Maias no sistema sócio-comunicativo da época como romance de conversação leva à descoberta do seu carácter dilemático numa sociedade dos média. No cerne desta abordagem está uma reinterpretação do incesto, evento que irrompe na vida social da alta sociedade lisboeta representada no romance. Esta representação é comparada ao Big Brother, levando a uma crítica da cultura que também diz respeito à actualidade. The novel Os Maias (1888, by Eça de Queiroz, belongs to the canons of Portuguese literature. Questioning the integral reading of literary texts in secondary school education, the definition of Os Maias in the sociocommunicative system of the time as a conversation novel highlights its dilemma in the media society. At the bottom of this approach lies the reinterpretation of incest, an event that bursts into the social life of Lisbon high society represented in the novel. This representation is compared with “Big Brother”, leading to a critique of culture that is also related to current times.

  1. Legal consequences for torture in children cases: the Gomez Paquiyauri Brothers vs Peru case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinta, Monica Feria

    2009-01-01

    The Gomez Paquiyauri Brothers case, before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, was the first international case concerning the protection of children in the context of armed conflict where an international court stated the law concerning the duties of States towards children even in the context of war, and provided for reparations. As such it represents a landmark decision. The case arose from the illegal detention, torture and extrajudicial execution of two minors, Emilio and Rafael Gomez Paquiyauri, at the hands of Peruvian Police in 1991, under the Fujimori Administration at a time when the internal war in Peru was at its peak. Unlike most cases coming to the jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court, the case had been subject to domestic criminal investigations that had led to the convictions of two low ranking policemen. Yet a more subtle pattern of impunity lied at the root of the case. Torture had been denied by the State, and the prosecutions of low ranking policemen had intended to cover up the responsibility of those who ordered a policy of torture and executions (including the existence of secret codes for the torture and elimination of suspects of "terrorism") during the years of the internal armed conflict in Peru. The joint work of legal and medical expertise in the litigation of the case permitted the establishment of the facts and the law, obtaining an award of 740,500 dollars for the victims and a number of measures of reparation including guarantees of non-repetition and satisfaction, such as the naming of a school after the victims. PMID:19920329

  2. Brown and polar bear Y chromosomes reveal extensive male-biased gene flow within brother lineages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bidon, Tobias; Janke, Axel; Fain, Steven R; Eiken, Hans Geir; Hagen, Snorre B; Saarma, Urmas; Hallström, Björn M; Lecomte, Nicolas; Hailer, Frank

    2014-06-01

    Brown and polar bears have become prominent examples in phylogeography, but previous phylogeographic studies relied largely on maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) or were geographically restricted. The male-specific Y chromosome, a natural counterpart to mtDNA, has remained underexplored. Although this paternally inherited chromosome is indispensable for comprehensive analyses of phylogeographic patterns, technical difficulties and low variability have hampered its application in most mammals. We developed 13 novel Y-chromosomal sequence and microsatellite markers from the polar bear genome and screened these in a broad geographic sample of 130 brown and polar bears. We also analyzed a 390-kb-long Y-chromosomal scaffold using sequencing data from published male ursine genomes. Y chromosome evidence support the emerging understanding that brown and polar bears started to diverge no later than the Middle Pleistocene. Contrary to mtDNA patterns, we found 1) brown and polar bears to be reciprocally monophyletic sister (or rather brother) lineages, without signals of introgression, 2) male-biased gene flow across continents and on phylogeographic time scales, and 3) male dispersal that links the Alaskan ABC islands population to mainland brown bears. Due to female philopatry, mtDNA provides a highly structured estimate of population differentiation, while male-biased gene flow is a homogenizing force for nuclear genetic variation. Our findings highlight the importance of analyzing both maternally and paternally inherited loci for a comprehensive view of phylogeographic history, and that mtDNA-based phylogeographic studies of many mammals should be reevaluated. Recent advances in sequencing technology render the analysis of Y-chromosomal variation feasible, even in nonmodel organisms. PMID:24667925

  3. Structures, stability, mechanical and electronic properties of a-boron and its twined brother a*-boron

    OpenAIRE

    He, Chaoyu; Zhong, Jianxin

    2013-01-01

    The structures, stability, mechanical and electronic properties of a-boron and its twined brother a*-boron have been studied by first-principles calculations. Both a-boron and a*-boron consist of equivalent icosahedra B12 clusters in different connecting configurations of "3S-6D-3S" and "2S-6D-4S", respectively. The total energy calculations show that a*-boron is less stable than a-boron but more favorable than beta-boron and Gamma-boron at zero pressure. Both a-boron and a*-boron are confirm...

  4. Ter um irmão especial: convivendo com a Síndrome de Down Having a special brother/sister: living together with the Down Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eucia Beatriz Lopes Petean

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve por objetivos conhecer como é a relação entre irmãos mais velhos de pessoas com diagnóstico de Síndrome de Down (SD; que informações e sentimentos possuem sobre o diagnóstico; se houve ou não modificações na dinâmica familiar e em suas próprias vidas. Foram entrevistadas 11 pessoas, de ambos os sexos, com idade superior a dez anos, sendo, cada uma, o irmão mais velho de criança com diagnóstico de SD, sendo realizada análise quantitativa de dados da amostra e análise quantitativa-interpretativa e qualitativa para os dados da entrevista. Os dados mostram que a maioria dos sujeitos (90,9% sabe o nome da Síndrome e foram informados pela mãe logo após o nascimento do irmão, seis deles consideram que reagiram normalmente à notícia. Quanto às responsabilidades adquiridas, a maioria, 90,9%, são responsáveis pelas atividades de vida diária; 27,27% deles consideram que houve acréscimo de responsabilidade em suas vidas em decorrência do nascimento do irmão com SD. Em relação ao sentimento que apresentam por terem um irmão especial, 54,54% consideram como positivo, ou seja, disseram que também sentem-se especiais. Na falta (morte dos pais, a metade dos participantes informa que eles serão os responsáveis legais deste irmão. Pode-se concluir que o nascimento de um irmão com SD tem conseqüências na rotina de vida dos irmãos mais velhos, trazendo modificações e responsabilidades para eles. Entretanto, parece ter um efeito menos dirigido para a desestrutura psicológica, sendo poucas as manifestações de sentimentos extremos, ficando apenas no nível da tristeza, quando são expressos.The present study intended to know about the relation among older brothers/sisters of people with a diagnosis of Down Syndrome (DS, regarding to information and feelings they have about this diagnosis, and if changes have occurred within family dynamics and their own lives. Eleven people were interviewed, from

  5. Two brothers with skewed thiopurine metabolism in ulcerative colitis treated successfully with allopurinol and mercaptopurine dose reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoentjen, Frank; Hanauer, Stephen B; de Boer, Nanne K; Rubin, David T

    2012-01-01

    Thiopurine therapy effectively maintains remission in inflammatory bowel disease. However, many patients are unable to achieve optimum benefits from azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine because of undesirable metabolism related to high thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) activity characterized by hepatic transaminitis secondary to increased 6-methylmercaptopurine (6-MMP) production and reduced levels of therapeutic 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6-TGN). Allopurinol can optimize this skewed metabolism. We discuss two brothers who were both diagnosed with ulcerative colitis (UC). Their disease remained active despite oral and topical mesalamines. Steroids followed by 6-mercaptopurine (MP) were unsuccessfully introduced for both patients and both were found to have high 6-MMP and low 6-TGN levels, despite normal TMPT enzyme activity, accompanied by transaminitis. Allopurinol was introduced in combination with MP dose reduction. For both brothers addition of allopurinol was associated with successful remission and optimized MP metabolites. These siblings with active UC illustrate that skewed thiopurine metabolism may occur despite normal TPMT enzyme activity and can lead to adverse events in the absence of disease control. We confirm previous data showing that addition of allopurinol can reverse this skewed metabolism, and reduce both hepatotoxicity and disease activity, but we now also introduce the concept of a family history of preferential MP metabolism as a clue to effective management for other family members. PMID:22147254

  6. Culture-independent characterization of a novel microbial community at a hydrothermal vent at Brothers volcano, Kermadec arc, New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stott, M. B.; Saito, J. A.; Crowe, M. A.; Dunfield, P. F.; Hou, S.; Nakasone, E.; Daughney, C. J.; Smirnova, A. V.; Mountain, B. W.; Takai, K.; Alam, M.

    2008-08-01

    The bacterial and archaeal diversity of a hydrothermal vent microbial community at Brothers volcano situated in the Kermadec arc, ˜400 km off the north coast of New Zealand, was examined using culture-independent molecular analysis. An unusual microbial community was detected with only 1% and 40% of the bacterial phylotypes exhibiting >92% small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene sequence similarity with cultivated and noncultivated microbes, respectively. Of the 29 bacterial representative phylotypes, over one third of the SSU rRNA gene sequences retrieved belonged to uncultivated candidate divisions including OP1, OP3, OP5, OP8, OD1, and OP11. All archaeal phylotypes belonged to the phylum Euryarchaeota in the uncultivated groups deep hydrothermal vent euryarchaeotal (DHVE) I and II or to the phylum Korarchaeota. Like the bacterial clone library, only a small proportion of archaeal SSU rRNA gene sequences (˜2% and 20%) displayed >92% sequence identity with any archaeal isolates or noncultivated microbes, respectively. Although the bacterial phylotypes detected were phylogenetically most similar to microbial communities detected in methane, hydrocarbon, and carbon dioxide-based hydrothermal and seep environments, no phylotypes directly associated with anaerobic methane oxidation and mcrA activity could be detected. The geochemical composition of the vent fluids at the Brothers-lower cone sample site is unusual and we suggest that it may play a prominent role in the species selection of this microbial community.

  7. Family background and income during the rise of the welfare state: brother correlations in income for Swedish men born 1932 - 1968

    OpenAIRE

    Björklund, Anders; Jäntti, Markus; Lindquist, Matthew J.

    2007-01-01

    The goal of this study is to examine trends in the importance of family background in determining adult income in Sweden. We investigate whether the association between family background and income in Sweden has changed for cohorts born 1932-1968. Our main finding is that the share of the variance in long-run income that is attributable to family background, the so-called brother correlation in income, has fallen by some 11 percentage points from 0.34 for the cohorts of brothers born in the e...

  8. "My Brother Likes Meeting New People, but Don't Ask Him Any Direct Questions": Involving Adults with Autism plus Learning Disability in a Qualitative Research Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tozer, Rosemary; Atkin, Karl; Wenham, Aniela

    2014-01-01

    Adult siblings of people with autism and a learning disability have hitherto been largely overlooked by research, policy and practice in the UK. As part of a qualitative study focussing on adult siblings, we met twelve people with autism plus severe learning disability with their brother or sister. Individually tailored resources were used to make…

  9. Machos e Brothers: uma etnografia sobre o armário em relações homoeróticas masculinas criadas on-line Machos and brothers: an ethnography about the closet in male homoerotic relations created on-line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Miskolci

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma etnografia feita com homens que se apresentam como Macho ou Brother em salas de bate-papo dirigidas a um público gay e bissexual da cidade de São Paulo, este artigo explora como eles articulam plataformas de busca de parceiros com o objetivo de criar relações em segredo. Esses homens apresentam-se e buscam parceiros que se descrevem como "discretos" e "fora do meio gay", forjando relações dentro do regime de controle da sexualidade conhecido como armário. Busco expor e compreender as normas de sexualidade e gênero que regem o armário desses usuários, os quais buscam manter seu status heterossexual mesmo tendo relações amorosas e/ou sexuais com outros homens.Based on an ethnography with men who introduce themselves as Macho or Brother in chatrooms directed toward a gay and bisexual audience in the city of São Paulo, this article explores how these users articulate different platforms to create secret relationships. These men introduce themselves and search for partners that can be described as "straight acting" and "not part of the gay scene" creating relations shaped by the sexuality control regime known as the closet. This analysis tries to expose gender and sexuality norms that shape these users' closet, or the way they act trying to keep their heterosexual status while also having sexual or love relationship with other men.

  10. Information dissipation as an early-warning signal for the Lehman Brothers collapse in financial time series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quax, Rick; Kandhai, Drona; Sloot, Peter M. A.

    2013-05-01

    In financial markets, participants locally optimize their profit which can result in a globally unstable state leading to a catastrophic change. The largest crash in the past decades is the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers which was followed by a trust-based crisis between banks due to high-risk trading in complex products. We introduce information dissipation length (IDL) as a leading indicator of global instability of dynamical systems based on the transmission of Shannon information, and apply it to the time series of USD and EUR interest rate swaps (IRS). We find in both markets that the IDL steadily increases toward the bankruptcy, then peaks at the time of bankruptcy, and decreases afterwards. Previously introduced indicators such as `critical slowing down' do not provide a clear leading indicator. Our results suggest that the IDL may be used as an early-warning signal for critical transitions even in the absence of a predictive model.

  11. Fanconi anemia in brothers initially diagnosed with VACTERL association with hydrocephalus, and subsequently with Baller-Gerold syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rossbach, H.C.; Granan, N.H.; Rossi, A.R.; Barbosa, J.L. [Univ. of South Florida, St. Petersburg, FL (United States)] [and others

    1996-01-02

    Two brothers with presumed Baller-Gerold syndrome, one of whom was previously diagnosed with the association of vertebral, cardiac, renal, limb anomalies, anal atresia, tracheo-esophageal fistula (VACTERL) association with hydrocephalus, were evaluated for chromosome breakage because of severe thrombo cytopenia in one of them. Spontaneous and clastogen-induced breakage was markedly increased in both patients as compared to control individuals. Clinical manifestations and chromosome breakage, consistent with Fanconi anemia, in patients with a prior diagnosis of either Baller-Gerold syndrome, reported earlier in one other patient, or with VACTERL association with hydrocephalus, recently reported in 3 patients, underline the clinical heterogeneity of Fanconi anemia and raise the question of whether these syndromes are distinct disorders or phenotypic variations of the same disease. 12 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  12. A Comparison of Referred Sexual Partners to Their Community Recruited Counterparts in The BROTHERS Project (HPTN 061).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Grace; Li, Keala; Wilton, Leo; Wheeler, Darrell; Fogel, Jessica; Wang, Lei; Koblin, Beryl

    2015-12-01

    The BROTHERS Project (HPTN 061) was established to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a multi-component intervention among African American MSM to reduce HIV incidence. The goal of this analysis was to determine if the sexual partner referral approach used in HPTN 061 broadened the reach of recruitment with regards to characteristics associated with higher infection rates and barriers to quality health care. Overall, referred sexual partners had notable structural barrier differences in comparison to community-recruited participants: lower income, less education, higher unemployment, HIV positive diagnosis, incarceration history, and no health insurance. The study's findings pose implications for utilizing the sexual partner referral approach in reaching African American MSM who may not be accessed by traditional recruitment methods or who are well-integrated in health care systems. PMID:25874753

  13. 从All Men Are Brothers看赛珍珠的女性主义意识%Pearl Buck's Feminist Consciousness in All Men Are Brothers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王婵

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes the origin of Pearl S.Buck's feminist ideology through the introduction of the writer's backgrounds,using feminist translation theory to analyze Pearl Buck's All Men Are Brothers,comparing Pearl's version and a male translator——Sharpio's version in the following four aspects: preface,vocabulary,syntax,and paragraph.%本文用女性主义翻译理论分析赛珍珠的All Men Are Brothers,从译本序、词汇、句法、段落四个方面将原文、赛珍珠的译本和男性译者沙博理的译本进行比较分析。

  14. Non-marfan idiopathic medionecrosis (cystic medial necrosis) presenting with multiple visceral artery aneurysms and diffuse connective tissue fragility: Two brothers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two brothers with multiple visceral artery aneurysms or dilatations and diffuse connective tissue fragility who did not have clinical features of Marfan syndrome are reported. One presented with retroperitoneal hemorrhage during angiography, and idiopathic medionecrosis was proved by resection of the aneurysms. These cases belong to the heterogeneous group of Marfan syndrome. The angiographical features (multiple dilation of visceral arteries) suggests fragility of connective tissue and is predictive of hazards during and after a catheterization and operation

  15. Language, Power and Reality TV: the dynamics of race, class and gender in the UK Big Brother Jade-Shilpa row

    OpenAIRE

    Mendick, Heather; George, Rosalyn P.

    2010-01-01

    Reality TV is often presented as an unproblematic social phenomenon which is consumed and digested by an unthinking and unsophisticated general public. We, however, argue that Reality TV is both a pervasive and important cultural form, and as such it is vital that researchers and teachers engage with it. We return to the controversial UK Big Brother 2007 arguments involving Jade Goody and Shilpa Shetty. We explore how the dynamics of class, gender and race played out in this case. Using this ...

  16. ‘Jade’s Back, and This Time she’s Famous’: Narratives of Celebrity in the Celebrity Big Brother ‘Race’ Row

    OpenAIRE

    Holmes, Su

    2009-01-01

    Prior to the Celebrity Big Brother ‘ race’ row in 2007, British Reality TV star, Jade Goody, was recurrently held up as emblematic of the ‘democratisation’ of celebrity. Yet this controversy gives us cause to question a narrative of populist democracy where the circulation of celebrity status is concerned. This article explores the construction of Jade’s image before, during and after the row, examining how it offers a unique insight into the relationship between Reality TV, celebrity and dis...

  17. Columbia River Wildlife Mitigation Habitat Evaluation Procedures Report / Scotch Creek Wildlife Area, Berg Brothers, and Douglas County Pygmy Rabbit Projects.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ashley, Paul R.

    1997-01-01

    This Habitat Evaluation Procedure study was conducted to determine baseline habitat units (HUs) on the Scotch Creek, Mineral Hill, Pogue Mountain, Chesaw and Tunk Valley Habitat Areas (collectively known as the Scotch Creek Wildlife Area) in Okanogan County, Sagebrush Flat and the Dormaler property in Douglas County, and the Berg Brothers ranch located in Okanogan County within the Colville Reservation. A HEP team comprised of individuals from the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, and the Natural Resources Conservation Service (Appendix A) conducted baseline habitat surveys using the following HEP evaluation species: mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), sharp-tailed grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus), pygmy rabbit (Brachylagus idahoensis), white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginiana), mink (Mustela vison), Canada goose (Branta canadensis), downy woodpecker (Picoides pubescens), Lewis woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis), and Yellow warbler (Dendroica petechia). Results of the HEP analysis are listed below. General ratings (poor, marginal, fair, etc.,) are described in Appendix B. Mule deer habitat was marginal lacking diversity and quantify of suitable browse species. Sharp-tailed grouse habitat was marginal lacking residual nesting cover and suitable winter habitat Pygmy rabbit habitat was in fair condition except for the Dormaier property which was rated marginal due to excessive shrub canopy closure at some sites. This report is an analysis of baseline habitat conditions on mitigation project lands and provides estimated habitat units for mitigation crediting purposes. In addition, information from this document could be used by wildlife habitat managers to develop management strategies for specific project sites.

  18. Columbia River wildlife mitigation habitat evaluation procedures report: Scotch Creek Wildlife Area, Berg Brothers, and Douglas County pygmy rabbit projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Habitat Evaluation Procedure study was conducted to determine baseline habitat units (HUs) on the Scotch Creek, Mineral Hill, Pogue Mountain, Chesaw and Tunk Valley Habitat Areas (collectively known as the Scotch Creek Wildlife Area) in Okanogan County, Sagebrush Flat and the Dormaler property in Douglas County, and the Berg Brothers ranch located in Okanogan County within the Colville Reservation. A HEP team comprised of individuals from the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, and the Natural Resources Conservation Service (Appendix A) conducted baseline habitat surveys using the following HEP evaluation species: mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), sharp-tailed grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus), pygmy rabbit (Brachylagus idahoensis), white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginiana), mink (Mustela vison), Canada goose (Branta canadensis), downy woodpecker (Picoides pubescens), Lewis woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis), and Yellow warbler (Dendroica petechia). Results of the HEP analysis are listed below. General ratings (poor, marginal, fair, etc.,) are described in Appendix B. Mule deer habitat was marginal lacking diversity and quantify of suitable browse species. Sharp-tailed grouse habitat was marginal lacking residual nesting cover and suitable winter habitat Pygmy rabbit habitat was in fair condition except for the Dormaier property which was rated marginal due to excessive shrub canopy closure at some sites. This report is an analysis of baseline habitat conditions on mitigation project lands and provides estimated habitat units for mitigation crediting purposes. In addition, information from this document could be used by wildlife habitat managers to develop management strategies for specific project sites

  19. A dictionary without definitions: romanticist science in the production and presentation of the Grimm brothers' German dictionary, 1838-1863.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kistner, Kelly

    2014-12-01

    Between 1838 and 1863 the Grimm brothers led a collaborative research project to create a new kind of dictionary documenting the history of the German language. They imagined the work would present a scientific account of linguistic cohesiveness and strengthen German unity. However, their dictionary volumes (most of which were arranged and written by Jacob Grimm) would be variously criticized for their idiosyncratic character and ultimately seen as a poor, and even prejudicial, piece of scholarship. This paper argues that such criticisms may reflect a misunderstanding of the dictionary. I claim it can be best understood as an artifact of romanticist science and its epistemological privileging of subjective perception coupled with a deeply-held faith in inter-subjective congruence. Thus situated, it is a rare and detailed case of Romantic ideas and ideals applied to the scientific study of social artifacts. Moreover, the dictionary's organization, reception, and legacy provide insights into the changing landscape of scientific practice in Germany, showcasing the difficulties of implementing a romanticist vision of science amidst widening gaps between the public and professionals, generalists and specialists.

  20. Deception and the death of Ilyusha: truth and the best interest of a dying child in The Brothers Karamazov.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Clancy

    2014-10-01

    For centuries, many physicians and parents assumed that it was ethically justifiable to lie to a dying child. The reasoning was clear. Because the lie would likely eliminate or prevent a concrete harm (the child's fear), and the lie is about a harm that is unavoidable anyway, a lie appeared to be the morally desirable thing to do. Today, the ethical consensus has shifted. Many doctors and other health professionals now argue that we have an obligation to tell children the cold, hard truth. In this article, I argue that "the cold, hard truth" (assuming we can know it with certainty) might not always be in the best interest of the patient. To illustrate the point, I analyze an episode in Dostoevsky's novel, The Brothers Karamazov, in which a child is dying, his father lies to him about it, and 2 doctors take very different approaches to the truth. Each of these individuals has a particular interest when it comes to the question of "the truth" about the death of Ilyusha. I use this story to ask whether it is ethically permissible to lie to a dying child and, if so, who has the moral authority to tell that lie.

  1. Terapia de linguagem de irmãos com transtornos invasivos do desenvolvimento: estudo longitudinal Language therapy of brothers with pervasive developmental disorders: longitudinal study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Regina Nunes Misquiatti

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever o processo de intervenção fonoaudiológica de dois irmãos com transtornos invasivos do desenvolvimento, por meio de um estudo longitudinal de caso clínico. Participaram dois irmãos, um de nove e outro de 11 anos de idade, ambos do gênero masculino, com autismo (Caso 1 e transtorno invasivo do desenvolvimento sem outra especificação (Caso 2. Como procedimento de coleta e análise de dados foi realizado um estudo longitudinal, por meio de acompanhamento dos casos ao longo de quatro anos de intervenção fonoaudiológica. Foram realizadas filmagens durante as sessões de terapia, análise documental de informações dos prontuários referentes à anamnese, avaliação e relatórios terapêuticos fonoaudiológicos, exames e avaliações multidisciplinares. Em ambos os casos houve melhora no contato visual, na interação social, no vocabulário e na brincadeira simbólica. No Caso 1 ocorreu aumento de 2,0 para 6,2 atos comunicativos por minuto, no Caso 2 de 3,5 para 8,0 atos e ambos demonstraram predominância do meio verbal e maior variedade de funções comunicativas. Outros fatores influenciaram estes resultados, como a deficiência intelectual, a dinâmica familiar, os conflitos no relacionamento entre os irmãos e o ambiente escolar em que estavam inseridos. Confirmou-se a relevância do fonoaudiólogo em intervenções nos transtornos invasivos do desenvolvimento, junto a equipes multidisciplinares, para a discussão diagnóstica e de condutas mais adequadas. Estudos longitudinais podem contribuir para uma análise mais detalhada e fidedigna de intervenções terapêuticas nesses casos, para esclarecer lacunas existentes na literatura e subsidiar a atuação do fonoaudiólogo clínico.The aim of this research was to describe the language intervention process of two brothers with pervasive developmental disorders, through a longitudinal clinical case study. Two brothers - one nine and the other 11

  2. Considerations on domain location according to the jump of resolution between the driving data and the nested regional climate model within the Big-Brother experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matte, D.; Laprise, R.; Theriault, J. M.; Lucas-Picher, P.

    2015-12-01

    Many studies have shown the importance of choosing the domain size adequately for dynamical downscaling with nested regional climate models. It is well known that domain should not be too large to avoid large departure from the driving data, and not be too small to provide sufficient distance from the lateral inflow to allow a full development of the small-scale features resolved by the increase resolution. Although practitioners of dynamical downscaling are well aware that the jump of resolution between the driving data and the nested regional climate model impacts the simulated climate, the issue has never been properly study. Larger is the jump of resolution, larger is the distance from the lateral inflow to fully develop the small-scale features permitted by the increase resolution. Our investigation compares direct nesting to achieve a grid mesh of 0.15o from driving data at 3.6°, 1.8o, 0.45° and 0.15° using the perfect-prognostic approach of the Big-Brother protocol. The results show that the small-scale transient-eddy component struggles to be fully developed with reduced resolution of the driving data. Overall, this study suggests that domain location (i.e. domain of interest or subsequent nested domains) must be chosen carefully according to the jump of resolution to allow the optimal development of small-scale features allowed by the increase resolution of the nested model.

  3. 论周氏兄弟的早期翻译%A Study on Early Translations of Zhou Brothers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高传峰

    2014-01-01

    1909年《域外小说集》的出版是周氏兄弟在晚清最重要的文学活动。在《域外小说集》中,周氏兄弟审慎地选择了代表唯美主义、自然主义、批判现实主义、现代主义等世纪之交文艺思潮的小说作品,来践行以文艺转移性情、改造社会的目标。《域外小说集》能够在1909年出版,与周氏兄弟之前较长一段时间里在翻译领域的摸索和准备是分不开的。周氏兄弟的早期翻译可以分为两个阶段:1903—1906年是裹挟在晚清译介潮流中的摸索阶段。在晚清译界登场以后,周氏兄弟大致选择了科学小说和侦探小说进行翻译。1906—1908年是周氏兄弟《域外小说集》的酝酿阶段。在合作翻译《红星佚史》的过程中,他们提出了“文以移情”的翻译理念。受到无政府主义思想的影响,此时他们开始关注俄国文学。周氏兄弟最早关注并认真译介的弱小民族文学是匈牙利文学。%In the late Qing Dynasty, the publication of The Collections of Foreign Fictions in 1909 was the most important literar-y activity for Zhou brothers.They chose the stories in the book carefully which represented the trend of literary at the turn of the century, such as aestheticism, naturalism, critical realism, modernism, and etc.They hoped to achieve their ambition by trans-ferring people's dispositions and transforming the society.The publication of the book has been closely related to Zhou brothers'exploration and preparation in the field of translation from 1903 to 1908, which can be roughly divided into two periods.Before the year of 1906, their translation followed the trend of the time in an explorative manner.They chose scientific fiction and de-tective fiction as their translation topics.Then from the year 1906 to 1908, they started to prepare for the publication of The Col-lections of Foreign Fictions.They collaborated to translate The World's Desire and put forward the

  4. An incest case with three biological brothers as alleged fathers: Even 22 autosomal STR loci analysis would not suffice without the mother.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canturk, Kemal Murat; Emre, Ramazan; Gurkan, Cemal; Komur, Ilhami; Muslumanoglu, Omer; Dogan, Muhammed

    2016-07-01

    Here, we report an incest paternity case involving three biological brothers as alleged fathers (AFs), their biological sister and her child that was investigated using the Investigator ESSplex Plus, AmpFLSTR Identifiler Plus/Investigator IDplex Plus and PowerPlex 16 kits. Initial duo paternity investigations using 15-loci autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) analyses failed to exclude any of the AFs. Despite the fact that one of the brothers, AF1, had a mismatch with the child at a single locus (D2S1338), the possibility of a single-step mutation could not be ruled out. When the number of autosomal STR loci analysed was increased to 22 without the inclusion of the mother, AF2 and AF3 still could not be excluded, since both of them again had no mismatches with the child. A breakthrough was possible only upon inclusion of the mother so that trio paternity investigations were carried out. This time AF1 and AF2 could be excluded at two loci (D2S1338 and D1S1656) and six loci (vWa, D1S1656, D12S391, FGA, PENTA E and PENTA D), respectively, and AF3 was then the only brother who could not be excluded from paternity. Subsequent statistical analyses suggested that AF3 could be the biological father of the child with a combined paternity index >100 billion and a probability of paternity >99.99999999%. These findings consolidate the fact that complex paternity cases such as those involving incest could benefit more from the inclusion of the mother than simply increasing the number of STR loci analysed.

  5. A missense mutation in MKRN3 in a Danish girl with central precocious puberty and her brother with early puberty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Känsäkoski, Johanna; Raivio, Taneli; Juul, Anders;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Idiopathic central precocious puberty (ICPP) results from the premature reactivation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis leading to development of secondary sexual characteristics prior to 8 y in girls or 9 y in boys. Since the initial discovery of mutations in the maternally...... hypothalamic complementary DNA (cDNA) was investigated by PCR. RESULTS: One paternally inherited rare variant, c.1034G>A (p.Arg345His), was identified in one girl with ICPP and in her brother with early puberty. The variant is predicted to be deleterious by three different in silico prediction programs...

  6. Big Brother: A Road Map for Building Ubiquitous Surveillance System in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Enoch Yusuf

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a method to improve the security challenges in Nigeria by embedding literally hundreds of invisible computers into the environment with each computer performing its tasks without requiring human awareness or a large amount of human intervention to monitor human behaviour, natural disasters and search for stolen or lost items. Ubiquitous Dynamic Surveillance cameras embedded with Radio frequency identification (RFID is proposed for this security system.

  7. Ellis-van Creveld Syndrome: A Case Report of Two Brothers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tibin K Baby

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ellis-van Creveld (EVC syndrome is a rare genetic disorder with autosomal recessive transmission, clinically presenting as bilateral postaxial polydactyly, chondrodysplasia of long bones resulting in acromesomelic dwarfism and ectodermal dysplasia. Mutation in EVC1 and EVC2 gene located in a head to head configuration on chromosome 4p16 has been associ - ated with this syndrome. In Amish community of Pennsylvania, EVC prevalence rate is 1/5,000 and, in non-Amish population, the birth prevalence is 7/1,000,000. Prenatal abnormalities include narrow thorax, shortening of long bones, hexadactyly and cardiac defects. Heart defects, especially atrial septation defects, occur in about 60% of cases. Cognitive and motor development is quite normal. The oral manifestations include upper labiogingival fusion, partial harelip, conical teeth, enamel hypoplasia, hypodontia and neonatal teeth. This case report focuses on striking oral findings and main diagnostic features of this syndrome.

  8. Two Silent Brothers. Althusser and Foucault at the Crossroads of Ideology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Melegari

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to reinterpret the relationship between Louis Althusser and Michel Foucault on the specific ground of the notion of "Ideology." If Foucault's critique addresses initially the alleged opposition between ideological discourse and scientific discourse, this does not seem to fade in the seventies, despite the convergence of Foucault's "microphysics of power"with Althusser's insistence on the "material" character of ideology. To explain the persistence of this comparison and of this tension the author shows how with it are involved highly problematic knots for the whole Foucault's thought: the status of representation and truth, the inner existence and temporality of capitalism and, in particular, the relationship between criticism and politics.

  9. The tale of the three brothers - Shh, Wnt and Fgf during development of the thalamus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anja IH Hagemann

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The thalamic complex is an essential part of the brain that requires a combination of specialized activities to attain its final complexity. In the following review we will describe the induction process of the mid-diencephalic organizer (MDO where three different signaling pathways merge: Wnt, Shh and Fgf. Here, we dissect the function of each signaling pathway in the thalamus in chronological order of their appearance. First we describe the Wnt mediated induction of the MDO and compartition of the caudal forebrain, then the Shh mediated determination of proneural gene expression before discussing recent progress in characterizing Fgf function during thalamus development. Then, we focus on transcription factors, which are regulated by these pathways and which play a pivotal role in neurogenesis in the thalamus. The three signaling pathways act together in a strictly regulated chronology to orchestrate the development of the entire thalamus.

  10. No Sisters, No Brother, No Man: “The Sisters” and Joyce’s Gnomonics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purgiv F.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Modern fiction has a certain way of achieving ‘literariness’ and ‘sophistication’; it does so by means of “ambiguity”. Being “witty” or “deceitful”, to quote William Empson, ambiguity seems to press home the writers’ intention of deferring the meaning by making the ontological status of the text as implicit as possible. Ambiguity, therefore, forms a kind of narrative that determines the writer’s style. In James Joyce, however, particularly in the stories of Dubliners, this ambiguity is meant to reach a ‘mysterious’ level. Joyce’s “mysteries” are utterly different from commonly-believed, so-called textual “problems”. The problems can be solved, but mysteries should be “witnessed” and “attested” to be unfolded. Joyce’s mysterious ambiguities bear his unique signature: they represent the complexity, significance, and survival of a “gnomonic” patterning. Being a geometric figure, a gnomon is the part of a parallelogram which remains after a similar parallelogram has been taken away from one of its corners. The gnomon, therefore, represents an incomplete figure, like Joyce’s vaguely elliptical and incomplete stories. Joyce introduces the gnomon as the personification of imperfection, hopeless, paralysis, and damnation. The following study is going to elaborate this main principle of Joycean ambiguity in the opening story of Dubliners, “The Sisters”, and demonstrate its distinctively gnomonic narrative and characterization.

  11. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Southern Services, Cork

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Lundgren, Ingela

    2015-02-05

    BackgroundThe number of caesarean sections (CS) is increasing globally, and repeat CS after a previous CS is a significant contributor to the overall CS rate. Vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) can be seen as a real and viable option for most women with previous CS. To achieve success, however, women need the support of their clinicians (obstetricians and midwives). The aim of this study was to evaluate clinician-centred interventions designed to increase the rate of VBAC.MethodsThe bibliographic databases of The Cochrane Library, PubMed, PsychINFO and CINAHL were searched for randomised controlled trials, including cluster randomised trials that evaluated the effectiveness of any intervention targeted directly at clinicians aimed at increasing VBAC rates. Included studies were appraised independently by two reviewers. Data were extracted independently by three reviewers. The quality of the included studies was assessed using the quality assessment tool, `Effective Public Health Practice Project¿. The primary outcome measure was VBAC rates.Results238 citations were screened, 255 were excluded by title and abstract. 11 full-text papers were reviewed; eight were excluded, resulting in three included papers. One study evaluated the effectiveness of antepartum x-ray pelvimetry (XRP) in 306 women with one previous CS. One study evaluated the effects of external peer review on CS birth in 45 hospitals, and the third evaluated opinion leader education and audit and feedback in 16 hospitals. The use of external peer review, audit and feedback had no significant effect on VBAC rates. An educational strategy delivered by an opinion leader significantly increased VBAC rates. The use of XRP significantly increased CS rates.ConclusionsThis systematic review indicates that few studies have evaluated the effects of clinician-centred interventions on VBAC rates, and interventions are of varying types which limited the ability to meta-analyse data. A further limitation is that

  12. The Wright Brothers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2006-01-01

    People had dreamed of flying for many years. The United States Army was trying to develop an airplane in 1903, but the plane wouldn’t fly. The New York Times wrote that maybe in "1 million to 10 million years" they might be able to make a plane that would fly.

  13. Mercury is Moon's brother

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The latest information on Mercury planet is presented obtained by studying the planet with the aid of radar and space vehicles. Rotation of Mercury about its axis has been discovered; within 2/3 of its year it executes a complete revolution about its axis. In images obtained by the ''Mariner-10'' Mercurys surface differs little from that of the Moon. The ''Mariner-10'' has also discovered the Mercurys atmosphere, which consists of extremely rarefied helium. The helium is continuously supplied to the planet by the solar wind. The Mercury's magnetic field has been discovered, whose strength is 35 x 10-4 at the Equator and 70 x 10-4 E at the poles. The inclination of the dipole axis to the Mercury's rotation axis is 7 deg

  14. My Younger Brother

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sally

    2007-01-01

    Look! The boy has a big mouth,two big eyes,a small nose and two big ears.He likes to eat chocolate,but he doesn't like to eat rice no matter how hungry he is. He likes to drink milk but doesn't like to drink water.He is a cute boy with a rosy face.My

  15. Gianco, my Brother

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rota, Ester Gasperoni

    As a child, Gianco (the nickname by which he was known to family and friends) wanted to be a cook. Since cooking has never been my "cup of tea" I gladly allowed him to experiment on a stove that had been given to me for Christmas, a little electric marvel equipped with a real oven. He concocted sauces, baked cookies and cakes, which were eminently edible. Perhaps thanks to his childhood practice, Gianco's cooking was always far better than mine.

  16. A Brother's Helping Hand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LAN XINZHEN

    2010-01-01

    @@ Just in time for February 14's Spring Festival this year,1,655 farming tamilies who lost their homes during the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in Sichuan Province will be moving into new permanent abodes and ending one major portion of the pain wrought by the disaster.Wenchuan County,the epicenter of the 8.0-magnitude earthquake that struck Sichuan Province in May 2008,is coming back to life at a speed few had expected thanks to the counterpart assistance being administered by south China's Guangdong Province.

  17. brother DCP-560CN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    单从外观来看,这款DCP-560CN和MFC-465CN没有本质区别,在功能上两者也比较接近,它们都提供了10页自动送稿器,具备彩色液晶显示屏,并标配了网络连接,只是DCP-560CN去掉了传真功能(控制面板也相应进行了简化),在购买成本上更为经济。DCP-560CN支持PictBridge协议,能通过数码相机进行直接照片打印,它还提供了多功能读卡器,支持包括xD卡在内的几乎所有主流类型的存储卡,配合彩色的液晶显示屏还能方便地预览照片,无需PC的帮助也可轻松打印照片。相对于DCP-350C,对于那些不需要传真功能,但对功能性要求更高的用户,DCP-560CN才是更好的选择。

  18. brother DCP-350C

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    根据厂商的命名规范,MFC系列的多功能一体机是配置了独立传真功能的全能型产品,而DCP系列则是去掉传真,只提供打印、扫描、复印三项主要功能的实用型一体机。在本次专题中,除了前面介绍过的两台MFC系列产品以为,我们还邀请到了兄弟公司最新推出的两款DCP系列成员,分别是DCP-350C和DCP-560CN。它们同样采用的是超薄、紧凑的造型设计,只是根据产品定位的不同在配置上进行了一些增减。

  19. Band of Brothers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pærregaard, Karsten

    2011-01-01

    Kapitlet diskuterer den rolle, som katolske broderskaber spiller i peruanske migranters religiøse praksis i USA, Spanien og andre lande. Den introducerer kort de katolske broderskabers historie i Spanien og det kolonial Latin Amerika og undersøger derpå det spirituelle slægtskab, som forbinder pe...

  20. An Interpretation on Web Idol——Retrospect on "Brother Sharp"%偶像的黄昏再看网络“犀利哥”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟颖; 彭光芒

    2012-01-01

    “犀利哥”是去年网络中红极一时的草根偶像,通过对该偶像产生机制的剖析,回头审视这个被制造的网络偶像,流行文化中偶像制造和偶像幻灭的快餐机制值得我们思索,传播过程中“犀利哥”本体的缺位体现了娱乐精神下某些人文关怀的散失。揭示了一些网络活动的参与者走向没落境地。%Brother Sharp was quite a big hit as a grassroots idol in last year's network. The fast-food mechanism of idol production and idol disillusion deserve our thinking by looking back the produced network idol and analyzing the idol production mechanism. The absence of brother sharp himself in propagation process revealed the losing of some humanistic care in the entertainment spirit and some participators in network actions were going decline.

  1. Alternative splicing of exon 17 and a missense mutation in exon 20 of the insulin receptor gene in two brothers with a novel syndrome of insulin resistance (congenital fiber-type disproportion myopathy)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vorwerk, P; Christoffersen, C T; Müller, J;

    1999-01-01

    The insulin receptor (IR) in two brothers with a rare syndrome of congenital muscle fiber type disproportion myopathy (CFTDM) associated with diabetes and severe insulin resistance was studied. By direct sequencing of Epstein-Barr virus-transformed lymphocytes both patients were found...... either of the two mutated receptors lacked basal or stimulated IR beta-subunit autophosphorylation. A third brother who inherited both normal alleles has an normal muscle phenotype and insulin sensitivity, suggesting a direct linkage of these IR mutations with the CFTDM phenotype....

  2. Síndrome de Waardenburg: achados audiológicos em 2 irmãos Waardenburg's syndrome: audiological findings in 2 brothers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Henrique F. Martins

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A síndrome de Waardenburg foi inicialmente descrita em 1951 por P.J. Waardenburg, como uma condição autossômica dominante que apresenta penetrância e expressividade variáveis de seus caracteres. Os sinais clínicos mais frequentes são: deslocamento lateral dos cantos internos dos olhos (telecanto, hiperplasia da porção medial dos supercílios (sinofris, base nasal proeminente e alargada, alterações na pigmentação da íris e da pele, surdez congênita, mecha branca frontal ou encanecimento precoce. Este estudo foi realizado em dois irmãos de uma família, que apresentavam características clínicas da síndrome de Waardenburg, entre elas a deficiência auditiva. Os pacientes foram submetidos à uma avaliação otorrinolaringológica, audiológica e genética.Waardenburg's Syndrome, first described in 1951 by P.J. Waardenburg, is an autossomal dominant condition with variable penetrance and expressivity of its features. The clinical signs are lateral displacement of the inner canthi of the eyes, confluent eyebrows, broad and prominent nasal root, pigmentation changes of the irises and skin, sensorineural deafness, white forelock or early graying of the hair. This study was based on two brothers who presented a typical clinical picture of Waardenburg's Syndrome, including hearing loss. Otolaryngological, audiological and genetical evaluations were conducted.

  3. Gregorio y Francisco Esparza: hermanos enfrentados ante la independencia de Texas, 1835-1836 Gregorio and Francisco Esparza: Brothers Who Fought Each Other During the Independence of Texas, 1835-1836

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Ernesto Emmerich

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available En 1836 el ejército mexicano tomó el fuerte de El Álamo, en las afueras de San Antonio. Todos sus defensores, que combatían por la independencia de Texas, murieron en la acción, entre ellos Gregorio Esparza, un nativo de esa ciudad. Tras la batalla, su hermano Francisco, enrolado en el bando mexicano, le dio cristiana sepultura. Este artículo examina la saga de ambos hermanos virtualmente desconocida en México. La primera sección de este artículo contextualiza la independencia de Texas, la segunda contiene resultados de investigación documental realizada por el autor sobre Gregorio y Francisco Esparza. La tercera comenta una entrevista realizada a un hijo de Gregorio sobre los papeles de su padre y su tío en El Álamo. La cuarta evalúa críticamente las evidencias. La quinta ofrece una reflexión sobre los motivos que habrían llevado a los hermanos Esparza -y en general a la comunidad texana de origen mexicano- a enfrentarse respecto a la independencia de Texas y, finalmente, en los anexos se transcriben los registros parroquiales y censales de la época y se extractan y comentan diversos relatos del hijo de Gregorio y de otros descendientes.In 1836, the Mexican army captured Fort Alamo outside San Antonio. All its defenders, who were fighting for the independence of Texas, died in action. Among these was Gregorio Esparza, a native of that city. After this battle, his brother Francisco, enlisted in the Mexican army, gave him a Christian burial. This article examines the saga of the two brothers, virtually unknown in Mexico. The first section contextualizes the independence of Texas. The second contains the results of the author's documentary research on Gregorio and Francisco Esparza. The third comments on an interview with one of Gregorio's sons on the roles played by his father and uncle at The Alamo. The fourth critically evaluates the evidence. The fifth provides a reflection on the reasons that led the Esparza brothers -and the

  4. High-Resolution Distribution of Temperature, Particle and Oxidation/Reduction Potential Anomalies From a Submarine Hydrothermal System: Brothers Volcano, Kermadec Arc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, S. L.; Baker, E. T.; de Ronde, C. E.; Yoerger, D.; Embley, R. W.; Davy, B.; Merle, S. G.; Resing, J. A.; Nakamura, K.

    2008-12-01

    The complex relationships between geological setting and hydrothermal venting have, to date, largely been explored with ship-based surveys that effectively examine regional relationships, or with remotely operated vehicles (ROV) and manned submersibles which allow close examination of individual vent fields. Higher- resolution surveys than are possible with ship-based techniques and broader surveys than are practical with ROVs and manned submersibles are necessary for more thoroughly understanding hydrothermal systems and their impact on ocean ecosystems. Autonomous vehicles (AUVs), such as the WHOI Autonomous Benthic Explorer (ABE) can be programmed to conduct high-resolution surveys that systematically cover a broad area of seafloor. Brothers volcano, a hydrothermally active submarine caldera volcano located on the Kermadec arc northwest of New Zealand, was surveyed in July-August 2007 using ABE. Brothers caldera is ~3 km in diameter with a floor depth of 1850 m and walls that rise 290-530 m above the caldera floor. A dacite cone with a summit depth of ~1200 m sits within the caldera, partially merging with the southern caldera wall. Prior to the survey, active hydrothermal vents were known to be perched along the NW caldera wall and located at three sites on the cone. The enclosed caldera, presence of known vent fields with differing geochemical characteristics, and existence of at least one currently inactive site made Brothers volcano an ideal site for a high-resolution survey to explore in greater detail the mass, thermal and geochemical exchanges of hydrothermal systems. During our expedition, the caldera walls and dacite cone (~7 km2) were completely surveyed by ABE with 50-60 m trackline spacing at an altitude of 50 m above the seafloor. Hydrothermal plumes were mapped with ABE's integrated CTD (conductivity- temperature-depth) and sensors measuring optical backscatter (particle concentrations) and oxidation- reduction potential (ORP; indicating the

  5. Loss of SLC38A5 and FTSJ1 at Xp11.23 in three brothers with non-syndromic mental retardation due to a microdeletion in an unstable genomic region.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Froyen, G.; Bauters, M.; Boyle, J.; Esch, H. van; Govaerts, K.; Bokhoven, J.H.L.M. van; Ropers, H.H.; Moraine, C.; Chelly, J.; Fryns, J.P.; Marynen, P.; Gecz, J.; Turner, G.

    2007-01-01

    Using high resolution X chromosome array-CGH we identified an interstitial microdeletion at Xp11.23 in three brothers with moderate to severe mental retardation (MR) without dysmorphic features. The extent of the deletion was subsequently delineated to about 50 kb by regular PCR and included only th

  6. Loss of SLC38A5 and FTSJ1 at Xp11.23 in three brothers with non-syndromic mental retardation due to a microdeletion in an unstable genomic region

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Froyen, Guy; Bauters, Marijke; Boyle, Jackie; Van Esch, Hilde; Govaerts, Karen; van Bokhoven, Hans; Ropers, Hans-Hilger; Moraine, Claude; Chelly, Jamel; Fryns, Jean-Pierre; Marynen, Peter; Gecz, Jozef; Turner, Gillian

    2007-01-01

    Using high resolution X chromosome array-CGH we identified an interstitial microdeletion at Xp11.23 in three brothers with moderate to severe mental retardation (MR) without dysmorphic features. The extent of the deletion was subsequently delineated to about 50 kb by regular PCR and included only th

  7. Experiência do irmão sadio em relação à doença e hospitalização do irmão com câncer Experiencia del hermano saludable en relación a la enfermedad y hospitalización del hermano concáncer Experience of a healthy brother in relation to the disease and hospitalization of his brother with cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima de Lima Cheron

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Compreender o significado da experiência de ter um irmão com câncer na perspectiva do irmão sadio. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa descritiva de abordagem qualitativa. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com cinco irmãos de crianças com câncer assistidas em instituição filantrópica localizada no Município de São Paulo. RESULTADOS: O tema central tornando-se amadurecido com o sofrimento permitiu revelar que o irmão sadio torna-se amadurecido em razão do sofrimento que lhe é imposto no decorrer dos acontecimentos. Passa a valorizar a convivência familiar e os pequenos atos do cotidiano que lhe eram despercebidos. CONCLUSÃO: A equipe de saúde precisa reconhecer a experiência do irmão e incluí-lo no cuidado prestado em todas as fases da doença.OBJETIVO: Comprender el significado de la experiencia de tener un hermano con cáncer en la perspectiva del hermano saludable. MÉTODOS: Investigación descriptiva de abordaje cualitativo. Fueron realizadas entrevistas semiestructuradas con cinco hermanos de niños con cáncer asistidos en una institución filantrópica localizada en el Municipio de Sao Paulo. RESULTADOS: El tema central tornándose maduro con el sufrimiento permitió revelar que el hermano saludable madura en razón del sufrimiento que le es impuesto en el transcurso de los acontecimientos. Pasa a valorizar la convivencia familiar y los pequeños actos del cotidiano que le eran desapercibidos. CONCLUSIÓN: El equipo de salud necesita reconocer la experiencia del hermano e incluirlo en el cuidado prestado en todas las fases de la enfermedad.OBJECTIVE: To understand the meaning of the experience of having a sibling with cancer from the perspective of healthy brother. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative research approach. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five siblings of children with cancer who were receiving care in a philanthropic institution located in São Paulo. RESULTS: The central theme that

  8. Research onBrothers from Perspective of Carnival Theory%狂欢化理论视野下的《哥儿》研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶婷

    2015-01-01

    夏目漱石是日本近代文学史上最杰出的代表作家之一。《哥儿》是其早期创作中的名篇。文章运用巴赫金的“狂欢化”理论,通过对文本的细致解读,分析文本所呈现的狂欢化特征:狂欢化的人物、狂欢化的叙事语言、狂欢化的仪式、狂欢化的广场。%Natsume Soseki is one of the most outstanding representative writers in the history of modern Japanese literature.This paper tries to analyze the carnival features,figures and narration language of Brothers written by Natsume by using Bakhtin’s carnival theory.

  9. 雷曼兄弟再度考验美国金融监管智慧%Lehman Brothers Put US Regulatory Wisdom on the Rack

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖丹

    2008-01-01

    2008年9月15日,拥有158年悠久历史的美国第四大投资银行雷曼兄弟控股公司(Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc.,以下简称雷曼兄弟)宣布,将根据《美国破产法》第儿章规定,向纽约南区美国破产法庭申请破产保护。雷曼兄弟表示,公司董事会授权申请破产是为了保护公司资产,实现公司价值的最大化。除了破产申请,雷曼兄弟还计划递交破产法所允许的各种宽限申请,以便公司能继续按正常途径运转业务。

  10. Des discours pour condamner un usage dévoyé du langage : une analyse des discours autour du prix « Orwell Novlang » des Big Brother Awards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krieg-Planque Alice

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Dans cette contribution, nous proposons d’analyser des discours qui sont produits par un collectif militant (à savoir la section française de l’association Privacy International dans le cadre de la remise d’un prix qui concerne l’usage de la langue et/ou du discours (à savoir le prix « Orwell Novlang » des Big Brother Awards. C’est donc la fonction métalinguistique du langage qui nous occupe ici, telle que la mettent en œuvre des locuteurs « ordinaires » (entendus ici comme des non-spécialistes du savoir savant sur la langue et sur le discours et telle qu’elle participe d’une démarche de critique politique. Au moyen de cette étude, nous espérons contribuer, depuis le champ de l’analyse du discours, aux réflexions sur le métalangage ordinaire, spécialement dans ses usages critiques, militants et/ou polémiques en contexte socio-politique. A travers l’analyse de textes rédigés par les militants organisateurs des Big Brother Awards, nous cherchons à saisir les appréciations et les jugements que ces locuteurs portent sur l’emploi du langage, en particulier lorsqu’ils renvoient ces emplois à ce qu’ils appellent eux-mêmes une ou la « novlangue ». En effet, nous partons du principe que la « novlangue » n’existe pas en elle-même, de manière naturelle ou objectivable, mais plutôt comme un terme métalinguistique ordinaire qui permet de référer, pour des locuteurs engagés dans une démarche critique, à un ensemble relativement diffus d’usages. Ce sont ces usages que nous cherchons à identifier, par l’analyse des textes des argumentaires produits par l’association pour instruire les dossiers des nominés (soit 40 argumentaires étudiés de 2004 à 2013.

  11. Duas variantes da representação do real na cultura midiática: o exorbitante Big Brother brasil e o circunspeto Edifício Master

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Andacht

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The text aims at describing a remarkable phenomenon in our present day media culture: the representation of the real in television and cinema. Through the comparison between two audiovisual genres which deal with the real in the media, the Edificio Master documentary, directed by Eduardo Coutinho, and the Big Brother Brasil television program, the aim is to understand the cultural signification of two very different esthetic products that, nevertheless, share the dominant use of indexical signs, as their specific strategy. Without trying to minimize the obvious esthetic and ethic differences that exist between the reality show of the multinational company Endemol and the highly acclaimed Brazilian film, the article considers a fundamental tendency in present day media culture, namely, the techological and artistic production of an illusory intimacy at a distance, as a way of reflecting on identity. The functioning of the reality show aims at wrenching out of its orbit the normality of its participants, who must dwell in an abnormal place; the documentary, on the other hand, aims at offering a circumspect and moral vision of our everyday world, there where life takes place.

  12. The Brothers Grimm in The Library of the National Museum of Slovenia: the Legacy of Anastazij Grün

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urška Pajk

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe article is focused on the “treasures” of the National Museum of Slovenia Library a part of them being the books of the count Anton Alexander Auersprg writing under the pseudonym of Anastazij Grün. In 1910 his legacy was included into the museum’s book collection. The poet Anastazij Zelenc was an interesting and unique historical personage and a passionate collector of books and other printed materials. He became especially enthusiastic about antique history and folk literature. Thus, it is not surprising to find the Grimm’s literary “production” in his collection. Anastazij Grün is not sufficiently known in Slovenia. Therefore it is convenient to underline his importance at the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the death of the great fairy tale writer, ethnologist and philologist Jacob Grimm (20th September 2013.

  13. Sibling Death after Being Thrown from Window by Brother with Autism: Defenestration, an Emerging High-Risk Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Sabuncuoglu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Children diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD may have serious behavioral problems such as aggression, self-injury, and violence. However, the literature on ASD either overrules any correlation between aggression and ASD or maintains the fact that the efforts to link them have so far been inconclusive. Although severe forms of violence are extremely rare in children with autism, there are a few cases reported in the literature with significant harm to siblings. We hereby report an 8-year-old boy with ASD who caused the death of his sibling by throwing her out of the window. Shared similarities of all defenestration cases indicate a pattern of high-risk behavior threatening the survival of minors. We recommend precautions against this high-risk behavior in children with ASD.

  14. Brothers in arms or peace? The media representation of Swedish and Norwegian defence- and military co-operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stig Arne Nohrstedt

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the relevance of Johan Galtung's model for peace journalism and critical discourse analysis (CDA in light of the media coverage of Swedish and Norwegian defence cooperation. By analysing the proposal for closer military cooperation between the Nato-member Norway and the non-aligned Sweden the article emphasises the paradox that the fact that both Sweden and Norway have forces fighting in Afghanistan was not mentioned when the heads of the Norwegian and Swedish Defence in a joint article justified the need for a closer cooperation between the two countries. Thus this analysis illustrates some limitations of the peace journalism perspective and the necessity to take a contextual approach in which also the possibility of "peace talk" being part of a war discourse is considered.

  15. Supernova 2013fc in a circumnuclear ring of a luminous infrared galaxy: the big brother of SN 1998S

    CERN Document Server

    Kangas, T; Kankare, E; Lundqvist, P; Väisänen, P; Childress, M; Pignata, G; McCully, C; Valenti, S; Vinko, J; Pastorello, A; Elias-Rosa, N; Fraser, M; Gal-Yam, A; Kotak, R; Kotilainen, J; Smartt, S J; Galbany, L; Harmanen, J; Howell, D A; Inserra, C; Marion, G H; Quimby, R M; Silverman, J M; Szalai, T; Wheeler, C J; Ashall, C; Benetti, S; Romero-Cañizales, C; Smith, K W; Sullivan, M; Takáts, K; Young, D R

    2015-01-01

    We present photometric and spectroscopic observations of SN 2013fc, a bright type II supernova (SN) in a circumnuclear star-forming ring in the luminous infrared galaxy ESO 154-G010, observed as part of the Public ESO Spectroscopic Survey of Transient Objects (PESSTO). SN 2013fc is both photometrically and spectroscopically similar to the well-studied type IIn SN 1998S and to the bright type II-L SN 1979C. It exhibits an initial linear decline after maximum, followed by a short plateau phase and a tail phase with a decline too fast for $^{56}$Co decay with full gamma-ray trapping. Initially the spectrum was blue and featureless. Later on, a strong broad ($\\sim 8000$ km s$^{-1}$) H$\\alpha$ emission profile became prominent. We apply a Starlight stellar population model fit to the SN location (observed when the SN had faded) to estimate both a high extinction of $A_V = 2.9 \\pm 0.2$ mag and an age of $10_{-2}^{+3}$ Myr for the underlying cluster. We compare the SN to SNe 1998S and 1979C and discuss its possible ...

  16. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU! TO BE OR NOT TO BE ONLINE... OR SCREEN AS OUR OWN TECHNOLOGICAL ADDRESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanda Maria Sousa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to answer the question: how the screens are interposed between the subject and reality, in contexts of the New Technologies of Information and Communication, particularly in the case of television screens (in the reality show format and computer screens (by the profusion of social networks? Using the interpretative methodology, our goal is to take as a starting point the etymology of technic and technology to establish the technological nature of man’s relationship with reality. Once this premise is demonstrated, we will convene the Heideggerian concepts (dasein and ge-stell to interpret how the technology of the screen meets a social need for happiness that comes from the media in a world that re-discovers itself as iconic. Each of us is called upon, in our day-to-day life, to an important, special and urgent meeting with the representation of our own selves, against a screen, where will be its own place of happiness. We intend to assess whether ideologies are hiper-evaluated today, especially when translating reality into binary conceptions of the world, projecting dasein on the demand for unity (1, opposing it to failure (0, each time using the screen more like a mirror or a window, and forgetting its function as a ge-stell by making it a promotion, and not doing it as a way to discover dasein, but, instead, as the opening of the simulacra itself.

  17. HYMNOGRAPHIC 'CANON' AS A “FORM OF THE PLAN” IN “THE BROTHERS KARAMAZOV” BY DOSTOEVSKY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Anatolyevna Osokina

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The article draws a parallel between divine service and art, using Dostoevsky's last grand masterpiece as an example. We begin by defining the canon as a genre and as a liturgical order. The order of songs in the canon and the liturgical order resemble the sequence of Dostoevsky's novel and make it ordered and recognizable. The form chosen by the author was more organic for Russian consequence than the novel in its Western version and more expressive for a piece of art. By shaping his novel into a canon as a hymnographic piece, Dostoevsky created a special form which helped his novel attain perfection. The form of canon as a hymnographic text is found in the novel's structure (“a form of a plan” which is made clear by the positioning of the life of Zosima. The novel's hidden meaning was thus expressed in its form. The structure of a canon reproduced in a piece of fiction allowed Dostoevsky to link the contemporary and the all-embracing, bring up eternally important issues of losing faith in God and provide true answers in the discovery of new faith in Jesus.

  18. Brothers & Sisters Talk with PACER.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binkard, Betty; And Others

    This booklet presents excerpts from interviews with siblings (ages 10-28) of persons with a range of handicaps, including Down Syndrome, cerebral palsy, learning disabilities, deafness, autism, seizure disorder, genetic disorders, and mental retardation. It is arranged in order from the youngest person interviewed and continues through…

  19. The Brother in Law Effect

    OpenAIRE

    David K. Levine; Federico Weinschelbaum; Felipe Zurita

    2005-01-01

    Ordinarily labor market equilibrium implies that the marginal worker is indifferent to employment, and that the employer is indifferent between equally productive employees. When the marginal worker is indifferent to employment, employer preferences do not matter. If, however, the marginal worker strictly prefers to be employed, the employer can give favors, and may wish to do so even at some cost to efficient production. Not only may inefficient workers be employed, but the employer may also...

  20. Big Brothers in Shanghai Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhen

    2008-01-01

    In reccnt years,the state-owned economy in Shanghai has been going through a stead growth.At the same time,as long as Shanghai's economic reform deepens,the growth of non-public sectors has also maintained a robust momentum.Specifically.the proportion of the state-owned economy in Shanghai has decreased from 55% in 2000 to 47.9% in 2006.while the proportion of the non-public sectors has increased from 28.6% in 2000 to 44.1% in 2006. Based on the ratio decrease of Shanghai's state-owned economy in the who...

  1. Politica externă post-decembristă a României (1991: „Fraţii nu trebuie să locuiască în mod obligatoriu în acelaşi apartament” (Romania’s foreign policy after the revolution (1991: „Brothers should not necessarily live in the same apartment”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simion GHEORGHIU

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Romania’s foreign policy after the fall of the communist regime can be summarized as follows: no difficulties were to be created for the Soviet Union, as Mihail Gorbaciov’s attempts at reform were facing severe problems at the time, foretelling the imminent crisis; a new framework was to be found, destined to develop the bilateral relations; Basarabia was not to be encouraged to pursue demands for unification with Romania. On this particular issue, the presidential advisor at that time, Mr. Ioan Mircea Pascu, with whom I met on the 9th of February 1991, stated that the official position can be summed up in one sentence: “Brothers should not necessarily live in the same apartment”.

  2. Recurrent adjacent-2 segregation of a familial t(14;21)(q11.2;q11.2): phenotypic comparison of two brothers and a paternal aunt inheriting the der(14).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Emily; Choe, Michele A; Loughman, William D; Covert, Susan; Bitts, Sheila; Rowe, Amy; Beischel, Linda; Johnson, John P

    2005-01-15

    A 14-year-old boy was referred for a genetics evaluation after high-resolution chromosome analysis showed a small amount of extra material in the proximal long arm of chromosome 21. Five years prior, his karyotype analysis was interpreted as normal with a variant chromosome 21. The patient has short palpebral fissures, strabismus, flat antihelices of the ears, long thumbs with bilaterally absent interphalangeal creases, proximal bilateral 3/4 syndactyly, small testes, hypotonia, mental retardation, and speech problems. He has significant depression and behavioral problems including hyperactivity, aggression, and impulsivity. His 8-year-old brother has more severe behavioral disturbances and depression, but less significant mental retardation. A paternal aunt has mental retardation, is unusually docile, and appears similar to our patient. Chromosome analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) whole chromosome paint of chromosome 21 showed that the patient's father carries a "cryptic" balanced translocation, 46,XY, t(14;21)(q11.2;q11.2), as does the patient's paternal grandmother. Uniparental disomy studies using seven informative polymorphic nucleotide repeat markers from 14q and 21q confirmed biparental inheritance of the number 14 and 21 chromosomes for each brother, and indicate that they and the paternal aunt, all of whom inherited the der(14), are monosomic for proximal 21q and trisomic for proximal 14q. These karyotypes arose through an adjacent-2 segregation in the father on two occasions, and from the paternal grandmother on one occasion. This family is an example of recurrent malsegregation with translocations involving the acrocentrics. PMID:15551340

  3. 从《兄弟》看余华创作心理的坚守和突破%A Study on the Persistence and Breakthrough of Yuhua's Psychology of Creation in Brothers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂常青

    2016-01-01

    从创作心理角度分析余华的小说《兄弟》,指出它既体现了余华创作的心理坚守,即对真实体验的执着追求、对暴力血腥的描写嗜好和对儿童生活的特别关注;同时,它又体现了余华创作的心理突破,即从感觉真实到真实感觉,从暴力控诉到超然调侃。%This article analyzes Yuhua's novel Brothers from the angle of psychology of creation.On one hand,the no-vel embodies Yuhua's psychological persistence,that is,the pursuit of real experiences,the like for violence and bloodiness and the special attention.On the other hand,it shows his psychological breakthrough―――from feeling as if true to true feelings and from complaints against violence to detached ridicule.

  4. 放不下的苦闷--厨川白村创作论视域下的《弟兄》解读%Unforgettable Anguishment--Lu Xun’s Novel Brothers under Hakuson Kuriyagawa’s Creation Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小璐

    2013-01-01

    This article attempts to base on Lu Xun’s life situation, and put Brothers in Hakuson Kuriyagawa’s creation theory framework. According to these, the author is trying to know the creation mechanism of this novel, to highlight Lu Xun’s life force and to explore the way of using symbolism in the novel. These three dimension will help us to know the novel creation mechanism and thus to spy out rooted in Lu Xun’s inner anguish deeply.%  以鲁迅翻译厨川白村著作前后的生活境遇为基点,将《弟兄》置于白村创作论的框架之下进行观照。以《弟兄》产生的缘由、凸显于其中的鲁迅的生命的力以及象征手法的运用这三个维度来展示该篇小说的创作机制并由此窥探根植于鲁迅内心深处的苦闷与焦灼。

  5. Creating Film Cultural Brands:A Case Analysis from Huayi Brothers%影视文化品牌塑造:来自华谊兄弟的案例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莹; 陈雷

    2014-01-01

    在当今品牌引领的时代潮流下,影视文化品牌化,受众才更容易表现出行为和情感的忠诚,继而产生更好的经济效益。结合品牌建设理论,选取华谊兄弟案例,分析其品牌塑造的有利和不利因素,提出了影视文化品牌塑造的三个方法,即提升品牌知名度、树立良好的品牌形象和适当进行品牌延伸。%In the era trend of today's brand leading , creating film cultural brands makes it much easier for the audi-ences to perform loyalty behaviorally and emotionally , which in turn produces better economic benefits .This paper selects the case of Huayi Brothers and analyzes its favorable and unfavorable factors using theory of building brand , then puts forward three methods on how to build film cultural brands , namely building up brand awareness , estab-lishing a good brand image and carrying out brand extension .

  6. Loss of SLC38A5 and FTSJ1 at Xp11.23 in three brothers with non-syndromic mental retardation due to a microdeletion in an unstable genomic region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froyen, Guy; Bauters, Marijke; Boyle, Jackie; Van Esch, Hilde; Govaerts, Karen; van Bokhoven, Hans; Ropers, Hans-Hilger; Moraine, Claude; Chelly, Jamel; Fryns, Jean-Pierre; Marynen, Peter; Gecz, Jozef; Turner, Gillian

    2007-06-01

    Using high resolution X chromosome array-CGH we identified an interstitial microdeletion at Xp11.23 in three brothers with moderate to severe mental retardation (MR) without dysmorphic features. The extent of the deletion was subsequently delineated to about 50 kb by regular PCR and included only the SLC38A5 and FTSJ1 genes. The loss of the FTSJ1 MR gene in males is expected to result in the observed phenotype but the contribution of the deletion of the solute carrier SLC38A5 gene is less clear. Their mother also carries the deletion and completely inactivates the aberrant X chromosome. Interestingly, the distal breakpoint is situated within a 200 kb SSX repeat region that appears to stimulate recombination since subtle copy number changes often occur at this location and it is frequently involved in translocations in tumours. Since this apparent SSX unstable structure is flanked proximally by FTSJ1 and PQBP1, subtle deletions or duplications at this location would be expected to cause MR, as in our family. So far, we have screened a cohort of 300 patients but did not find additional aberrations at the FTSJ1 locus indicating that the frequency is likely to be low.

  7. 浅析德格土司及“德格土司争袭案”%A Brief Analysis of Dege and Dege Brothers Fighting For The Throne

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭伟

    2015-01-01

    在史学界,关于德格土司的研究成果已经很多,而其研究的主要方向主要侧重于对历史、宗教、文学等方面。相对于德格家族历史变迁以及德格地区民族关系方面的研究则,甚是薄弱,且很多地方尚属于历史空白之处,这则与德格社会的发展以及藏学的繁荣是极不相称的。因此,本文欲立足于对德格家族起源的再探和对“德格土司争袭案”的剖析,来进一步丰富德格土司研究现状。%In the historian circle , there have been many research achievements on Dege chieftain , while most research focused on the history , religion, and literature of some period in Dege chieftain'life.Com-pared with the research of Dege family's history , study on ethnic relations is less , and some fields are till mysterious, even unclear.That is inconsistent with the development of the society and the prosperity of Tibetan studies .Therefore, this thesis discusses the origin of Dege family and re -analyzes the case which Dege brothers fighting for the throne , in order to enrich the studies of Dege .

  8. Study of the genetics of progeny, brothers and sisters of Wismut employees that died before their 51st birthday from lung cancer. Final report; Studie der Genetik bei Nachkommen und Geschwistern von Wismut-Mitarbeitern, die vor dem 51. Lebensjahr an Lungenkrebs verstorben sind. Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wichmann, H. Erich [Muenchen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Medizinische Informationsverarbeitung, Biometrie und Epidemiologie

    2012-02-15

    The project was aimed to reconstruct the genotype of Wismut employees that died before their 51st birthday due to lung cancer using genetic data from their children, brothers and sisters, in order to study the individual radiation sensitivity of the person and to develop a bio-sample data base. The final report includes the description of planning and realization of the project, investigation strategies, development and organization of a phenotype and bio-sample data base, preparation of data storage and genotype evaluation.

  9. “‘Need a Minister? How About Your Brother?’: The Universal Life Church between Religion and Non-Religion”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dusty Hoesly

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available National media outlets have observed that weddings in the United States, especially for young educated people, are increasingly performed by ministers who are friends or relatives of the couple and who become ordained online just for that purpose. The primary organization licensing these ministers, and thus authorizing these weddings as legally valid, is the Universal Life Church (ULC, which has ordained over 20 million people since 1962. To date, there has been no focused study of the ULC or lifecycle rituals conducted under its auspices. According to my original survey, interview, and participant observation data, both ULC ministers and the couples who engage them typically self-describe as non-religious, usually as spiritual, seekers, humanist, or generically “not religious.” Similarly, they describe their weddings in “non-religious” terms, emphasizing the personalization of the ceremony to match their particular beliefs and tastes as well as the conscious exclusion of most “religious” language. These “secular” or “spiritual” wedding ceremonies reveal non-religious couples’ desires for an alternative apart from bureaucratic civil ceremonies or traditional religious rites. This article explains why “secular” people select ULC ministers for their weddings, how ULC ministers see themselves as “non-religious” while being members of a legally-recognized religion, and how ULC ministers and couples married by them label and valuate their “non-religious,” personalized wedding ceremonies. My examination of ULC membership and weddings reveals not only the diversity of non-theistic self-identification and lifecycle ritualization, but also how constructs such as “religious” and “secular” can be co-constitutive rather than purely oppositional.

  10. Desempenho psicolinguístico e escolar de irmãos com mielomeningocele Psycholinguistic and school performance of brothers with myelomeningocele

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dionísia Aparecida Cusin Lamônica

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available TEMA: mielomeningocele e consequências para o desenvolvimento de habilidades psicolinguísticas e escolares. PROCEDIMENTOS: o objetivo deste estudo foi descrever e refletir sobre o desempenho psicolinguístico e escolar de irmãos com mielomeningocele lombar baixa. Participaram do estudo um menino de 14 anos e 5 meses (P1 e sua irmã de 6 anos e 6 meses (P2. Os procedimentos constaram de entrevista com familiares, Observação do Comportamento Comunicativo (OCC, Teste de Vocabulário por Imagens Peabody - TVIP, Teste Illinóis de Habilidades Psicolinguísticas (ITPA, Perfil de Habilidades Fonológicas (PHF, Teste de Desempenho Escolar (TDE, e Reconhecimento de letras e números (RLN. A análise dos resultados foi descritiva respeitando os manuais dos instrumentos. RESULTADOS: a linguagem oral encontra-se sem alteração evidente. No ITPA e PHF, verificou-se que P1 e P2 apresentaram dificuldade nas habilidades de memória, closura auditiva, expressão verbal, combinação de sons e consciência fonológica. P1 ainda apresentou dificuldade na habilidade de recepção visual e P2 nas habilidades de associação auditiva e closura gramatical. Ambas as crianças apresentaram alteração nas atividades de aprendizagem. CONCLUSÃO: os participantes do estudo apresentaram comportamento comunicativo, habilidades de linguagem oral e vocabulário receptivo sem alterações evidentes. P1 e P2 apresentaram alterações nas habilidades psicolinguísticas bem como no desempenho de atividades envolvendo leitura, escrita e aritmética. As dificuldades apresentadas causam impacto importante nas atividades acadêmicas, demonstrando vulnerabilidade cerebral no sistema de suporte para atividade de aprendizagem.BACKGROUND: meningomyelocele and consequences on the development of psycholinguistic and school abilities. PROCEDURES: the purpose of this study was to describe and reflect on the psycholinguistic and school performance of siblings with low lumbar

  11. Grzegorz Rozenberg: A Magical Scientist and Brother

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salomaa, Arto

    This is a personal description of Grzegorz Rozenberg. There is something magical in the fact that one man, Grzegorz, has been able to obtain so many and such good results in so numerous and diverse areas of science. This is why I have called him a “magical scientist.” He is also a very interdisciplinary scientist. In some sense this is due to his educational background. His first degree was in electronics engineering, the second a master’s in computer science, and the third a Ph.D. in mathematics. However, in the case of Grzegorz, the main drive for new disciplines comes from his tireless search for new challenges in basic science, rather than following known tracks. Starting with fundamental automata and language theory, he soon extended his realm to biologically motivated developmental languages, and further to concurrency, Petri nets, and graph grammars. During the past decade, his main focus has been on natural computing, a term coined by Grzegorz himself to mean either computing taking place in nature or human-designed computing inspired by nature.

  12. 76 FR 79019 - Wright Brothers Day, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-20

    ... 1988--Russian Federation #0; #0; #0; Presidential Documents #0; #0; #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol. 76... revolution and fulfilled a dream shared across cultures since time immemorial. Today, we commemorate their.... (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc. 2011-32761 Filed 12-19-11; 11:15 am] Billing code 3295-F2-P...

  13. E-government: the youngest brother

    OpenAIRE

    Insa-Ciriza, Raquel; Pujol-Jover, Maria; Riera-Prunera, Carme

    2014-01-01

    Information technology has become a very important issue in citizens' relations. It started with e-commerce followed by e-business and ended by e-government. Firms and consumers use internet to provide information and perform many of their business actions. During the last years Governments also started to communicate with citizens through internet providing information and some services. After e-commerce and e-business now it is the Public sector that should face new technologies through e-g...

  14. Familial Confluent and Reticulated Papillomatosis: Two Brothers

    OpenAIRE

    Aslı Feride Kaptanoğlu; Cem Comunoğlu; Kaya Süer

    2012-01-01

    Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis (CRP) is a rare disease presenting with keratotic pigmented papules located mostly on the chest, neck and trunk with unknown etiology. Genetic, keratinization abnormalities, abnormal host reaction to fungal or bacterial infections and endocrine diseases are suspected in the etiopathogenesis. The role of heredity in the pathogenesis of CRP arised with the familial case reports. There are sporadic case reports whereas familial reports are rare in the lit...

  15. 75 FR 80669 - Wright Brothers Day, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-22

    .... NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim... revolutionary journey and modernize transportation. On this day, we celebrate their historic accomplishment, the... States of America the two hundred and thirty-fifth. (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc. 2010-32402 Filed...

  16. Ji Kang's Metaphysics Thoughts in 19 Poems as a Gift to Brother Scholar Gongmu Joining the Army%论嵇康《兄秀才公穆人军赠诗十九首》中的玄学思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李博昊; 孔建华

    2012-01-01

    Ji Kang and Ji Xi are brothers, but they represent different social thoughts. Ji Kang wrote 19 Poems as a Gift to Brother Scholar Gongmu Joining the Army ,which not only shows the different pursuit of life among the intellectuals in Wei and Jin Dynasties, but also reveals his thought of “exceeding the Confucian Ethical Code and living freely”. Ji Kang' s rational poems show his noble personality.%嵇康与嵇喜虽为手足,却是魏晋时期不同社会思潮的代表,嵇康赠其兄之《兄秀才公穆入军赠诗十九首》既展示出魏晋士人迥异的人生追求,亦折射出嵇康“越名教而任自然”的玄学思想。冲淡玄虚而又理性冷峻的文字,映衬出嵇康高洁的心性和超逸的风神。

  17. Analysis of the Different Appraisals of Pearl S. Buck’s All Men Are Brothers in the West and in China from the Perspec-tive of Cultural Image Transmission%文化意象的传递--浅析赛译《水浒传》国内外接受评价的差别

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静媛

    2013-01-01

    All Men Are Brothers, one of the four Chinese literature classics which was rooted in Chinese folk art of storytelling, re⁃tained a large number of cultural images. Pearl S. Buck tried to preserve its language characteristics as well as traditional Chinese culture when translating the book. Her translation, though a best-selling in the West, had been subject to misunderstanding and criticism for many years in China, because Chinese translation circle neglected the significance of the form when they preached the form is a tool to express the content. This paper is going to analyze the different appraisals of Pearl S.Buck ’s All Men Are Brothers in the West and in China from the perspective of cultural image transmission.%  《水浒传》植根于民间的说书艺术,因此其中保留了大量的文化意象,在翻译这部小说的时候,赛珍珠选择了尽量直译以期在最大程度上保留中文的风格和中国的传统文化。赛译《水浒传》在国外热销并得到盛名赞誉,但却在很长一段历史中饱受来自国内的非议之声。这是因为国内翻译界一直强调形式为内容服务,而忽视了形式本身所具有的含义。该文拟从文化意象传递方面浅析赛译在国内外接受评价的巨大差别。

  18. Business plan for the Motorcycle company : Case Brother`s Auto Pvt. Ltd.

    OpenAIRE

    Sangroula, Krishna

    2015-01-01

    The success of any business depends upon its nature of business, place, customer prefer-ences and ability to purchase, and its own good business plan. Understanding the current business trends, competitors and customers are key challenges of any business these days. It requires a strong business plan that helps to analyze its current market, its key challenges and opportunities and make a future business strategy. The purpose of this thesis was to make a business plan for Brother’s Auto....

  19. How to Sing Wonderfully with a Silver Voice and Deep Feeling:Illustrated by the Oper Aria Oh, My Brother Huzi%如何声情并茂地歌唱--以咏叹调《啊,我的虎子哥》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王英

    2013-01-01

    “声情并茂”是歌唱者在表演时所要追求的艺术效果。文章结合歌剧咏叹调《啊,我的虎子哥》为例,指出歌唱者只有在通过分析词曲特点、把握整体乐思的基础上,做到以情带声、依声传情、归正字音、形体表演,才能做到“声情并茂”地歌唱。%Singing wonderfully with a silver voice and the deep feeling is an artistic effect for singers to strive for during their lifelong performance. The present article, taking the Oper Aria Oh, My Brother Huzi as the example, points out that singers can achieve the artistic goal of singing wonderfully with a silver voice and deep feeling if they can insist on interaction and infiltration between emotion and voice, pay much attention to promotion of words pronouciation and physical performance, intend to make an analysis of the features of music and lyrics, grasp the overal music thought in the process of singing.

  20. Revelation of a Case Study:Bankruptcy of American Aggressive Investment Bank Lehman Brothers%美国激进型投资银行经营模式破产的启示——以雷曼兄弟为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄璇

    2012-01-01

    美国投资银行经营模式的不断创新和发展,在有力地推动了美国经济尤其是虚拟经济发展之后,激进型经营模式却把投资银行推向了绝界。以雷曼兄弟公司为代表的独立投资银行破产是内外原因综合作用的结果,表明了激进型经营模式和监管制度的失败。我国要引以为鉴,在推动投资银行改革创新经营模式的同时,积极构建科学的公司治理结构,始终保持稳定向好的宏观经济形势。%The innovation and development of the American aggressive investment banks,after have greatly driven the development of American economy,especially the virtual economy, but its operating mode pushed the investment bank to the hopeless situation.The bankruptcy of the independent investment bank,among which Lehman Brothers was a case,is a comprehensive result of internal and external causes,which marked the failure of aggressive operating mode and supervision system.The experience reminds us to promote the operating mode and innovation of investment bank in China,meanwhile,to positively construct scientific enterprise management structure,and always to keep a steady macro economic situation.

  1. From Salvation to Revelry——The Conversion of Violence Depiction about the Cultural Revolution from 1986 and Brothers Written by Yu Hua%由救赎到狂欢——从《一九八六》、《兄弟》看余华关于“文革”暴力叙事的转换

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓长亮

    2011-01-01

    The violence of the "Cultural Revolution" was the theme that YuHua presented and pondered with strong desire in his novels,and some of them that mattered the violence showed us the Aesthetics of Violence.The exaggeration about the violence essentially reflects the tense relations between the author and the reality.The novels in different times of YuHua showed the way to deal with the tensity.1986,an early works of YuHua and his latest novel Brothers,that showed different opinions about the violence of the "Cultural Revolution".Through the text perusing of the two representative works of YuHua,the article showed us the conversion of violence depiction about the" Cultural Revolution".%"文革"暴力是余华在小说中极力呈现和思考的主题,一些涉及暴力题材的小说显现了"暴力美学"。这种对暴力的极端渲染,其本质原因是作家和现实存在的紧张关系。余华不同时期的小说体现了处理这种紧张的方式,在早期的《一九八六》和近期的《兄弟》中,余华表达了对"文革"暴力不同的看法。这两个具有代表性的文本,反映了余华关于"文革"暴力叙事的变化。

  2. New blood brothers: the GPR55 and CB2 partnership

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andy Irving

    2011-01-01

    Endocannabinoids are increasingly being recognized as key lipid-derived regulators of immune function [1].Although the peripheral cannabinoid type 2 receptor (CB2) is thought to orchestrate many of these actions,additional non-CB1/CB2-mediated effects ofcannabinoids have been identified in immune cells [1,2],where several orphan G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs),including the effusive GPR55,are implicated [3].Despite numerous studies addressing the cannabinoid sensitivity of GPR55,the area remains a pharmacological minefield,with much inconsistent and conflicting data.

  3. The three good brothers charm : some historical points / Lea Olsan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olsan, Lea T.

    2011-01-01

    Ravimise loitsudest: keskajal levinud legendaarsest kolme venna (tres boni fratres - lad. k.) loitsust haava parandamiseks; ettekanne rahvusvahelisel konverentsil "Charms, charmers and charming" Bukarestis 2010. a.

  4. Hereditary Gigantism-the biblical giant Goliath and his brothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, Deirdre E; Morrison, Patrick J

    2014-05-01

    The biblical giant Goliath has an identifiable family tree suggestive of autosomal dominant inheritance. We suggest that he had a hereditary pituitary disorder possibly due to the AIP gene, causing early onset and familial acromegaly or gigantism. We comment on the evidence within the scriptures for his other relatives including a relative with six digits and speculate on possible causes of the six digits. Recognition of a hereditary pituitary disorder in the biblical Goliath and his family sheds additional information on his and other family members' battles with David and his relatives.

  5. Omax Brothers : a Dynamic Topology of Agents for Improvization Learning

    OpenAIRE

    Assayag, Gérard; Bloch, Georges; Chemillier, Marc; Cont, Arshia; Dubnov, Shlomo

    2006-01-01

    cote interne IRCAM: Assayag06d National audience We describe a multi-agent architecture for an improvisation oriented musician-machine interaction system that learns in real time from human performers. The improvisation kernel is based on sequence modeling and statistical learning. The working system involves a hybrid architecture using two popular composition/perfomance environments, Max and OpenMusic, that are put to work and communicate together, each one handling the process at a di...

  6. Hereditary Gigantism-the biblical giant Goliath and his brothers

    OpenAIRE

    Donnelly, Deirdre E.; Morrison, Patrick J.

    2014-01-01

    The biblical giant Goliath has an identifiable family tree suggestive of autosomal dominant inheritance. We suggest that he had a hereditary pituitary disorder possibly due to the AIP gene, causing early onset and familial acromegaly or gigantism. We comment on the evidence within the scriptures for his other relatives including a relative with six digits and speculate on possible causes of the six digits. Recognition of a hereditary pituitary disorder in the biblical Goliath and his family s...

  7. Hereditary Gigantism-the biblical giant Goliath and his brothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, Deirdre E; Morrison, Patrick J

    2014-05-01

    The biblical giant Goliath has an identifiable family tree suggestive of autosomal dominant inheritance. We suggest that he had a hereditary pituitary disorder possibly due to the AIP gene, causing early onset and familial acromegaly or gigantism. We comment on the evidence within the scriptures for his other relatives including a relative with six digits and speculate on possible causes of the six digits. Recognition of a hereditary pituitary disorder in the biblical Goliath and his family sheds additional information on his and other family members' battles with David and his relatives. PMID:25075136

  8. Nuns, Brothers, and the Religion and Stress Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rayburn, Carole A.; And Others

    Women have been entering into religious leadership positions in larger numbers, although the field is still male-dominated. Stress and strain of both men and women in the field of religion has been experienced from the impact of such change. In this study, Roman Catholic nuns, who have not been seen by their own church as clerical workers or even…

  9. Vennalik maja = A Brotherly House / Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Liina, 1977-

    2002-01-01

    2001. a. Tallinnas Pirita teel valminud eramu projekteeris Arhitektibüroo Emil Urbel. Arhitektid Emil Urbel ja Indrek Erm, sisearhitekt Taso Mähar. Konstruktsioonid: E-Inseneribüroo. 5 ill.: korruste plaanid, sisevaade, välisvaated

  10. Siblings of Oedipus: Brothers and Sisters of Incest Victims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Young, Mary

    1981-01-01

    Investigates the roles and problems of siblings of incest victims, describes the dynamics of the incestuous family, and identifies some behavior problems of children whose siblings were incest victims. Data from two siblings' lives are presented to illustrate points. (Author/DB)

  11. Wang Bo's Brothers%王勃昆弟考略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜剑云; 杨晓彩

    2009-01-01

    王勃昆弟个个才华横溢,并以文学显,在初唐文坛上成为美谈.其中王勃多为论者所称赏,但他的兄弟却鲜为人知.梳理王勃兄弟的生平、创作,重现其动人风采,展示其卓越才能,客观地再现王勃生活的家庭环境,是全面研究王勃必不可少的内容.

  12. Does having a twin brother make for a bigger brain?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peper, Jiska S.; Brouwer, Rachel M.; van Baal, G. Caroline M.; Schnack, Hugo G.; van Leeuwen, Marieke; Boomsma, Dorret I.; Kahn, Rene S.; Pol, Hilleke E. Hulshoff

    2009-01-01

    Objective: Brain Volume of boys is larger than that of girls by similar to 10%. Prenatal exposure to testosterone has been suggested in the masculinization of the brain. For example, in litter-bearing mammals intrauterine position increases prenatal testosterone exposure through adjacent male fetuse

  13. Bombay phenotype in two North Indian brothers: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaur, Paramjit; Basu, Sabita; Bedi, Ravneet Kaur; Kaur, Gagandeep

    2007-10-01

    Bombay phenotype is unique in the aspect that the red cells are not agglutinated by antisera A, B and H. However the serum of such individuals contains anti A, B and strongly reactive anti H which agglutinates red cells of 'O' group individuals through a wide thermal range. The blood specimen of a 35 year old male donor who donated blood for the first time was subjected to detailed cell and serum grouping. There was a discrepancy between the results. The possibility of Bombay phenotype was considered and the sample was tested with anti H lectin. Further confirmation of blood group and secretor status was done from a reference laboratory. Family studies showed the same blood group in the elder sibling of the propositus. The present case highlights the significance of correlating cell and serum grouping results. Moreover, this blood group is very rare in North India. Family studies revealed the propositus to possess the B gene which was suppressed in the donor but expressed in the offsprings. The use of anti H in discrepant blood grouping results is recommended.

  14. 姐夫%The Brother-in-law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳黔森

    2004-01-01

    @@ 我的女朋友离家出走了.我是三天后才知道的. 三天后才知道恋人出走,这事告诉谁,谁也会认为不正常.有哪一对热恋中的人,会有三天不通信息的? 一对热恋中的人,三天不联系,的确很难.然而,我做到了.我这是自己折磨自己.这并非我的本意.

  15. Our Brothers' Keepers: Secure Routing with High Performance

    CERN Document Server

    Brodsky, Alex

    2008-01-01

    The Trinity (Brodsky et al., 2007) spam classification system is based on a distributed hash table that is implemented using a structured peer-to-peer overlay. Such an overlay must be capable of processing hundreds of messages per second, and must be able to route messages to their destination even in the presence of failures and malicious peers that misroute packets or inject fraudulent routing information into the system. Typically there is tension between the requirements to route messages securely and efficiently in the overlay. We describe a secure and efficient routing extension that we developed within the I3 (Stoica et al. 2004) implementation of the Chord (Stoica et al. 2001) overlay. Secure routing is accomplished through several complementary approaches: First, peers in close proximity form overlapping groups that police themselves to identify and mitigate fraudulent routing information. Second, a form of random routing solves the problem of entire packet flows passing through a malicious peer. Thi...

  16. French physicist's brother denies links to Al Qaeda

    CERN Multimedia

    Overbye, Dennis

    2009-01-01

    "Days after the French authorities placed a physicist working in Switzerland under formal investigation in a terror case, a portrait of the man and his work has begun to emerge from interviews with officials and his lawyer"

  17. Brothers Grimm or brothers Karamazov: The myth and the reality of how Russians and Ukrainians view the other

    OpenAIRE

    Onuch, Olga; Pikulicka-Wilczewska, Agnieszka; Sakwa, Richard

    2015-01-01

    Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukrainians and Russians have been living peacefully in two separate and independent states for nearly a quarter of a century. Much has been said about the cultural and historical links between these two ‘brotherly’ countries, but also about the tensions between the two countries’ different perspectives on nation building and democratisation processes (Jakubanecs, Supphellen, and thorbjørnsen, 2005; Janmaat, 2000; laba, 1996; Prizel, 1998; Puglisi, 2...

  18. La cerrajería artística en la arquitectura urbana del centro de Santiago de Chile a principios del siglo XX: los hermanos Mina /The locksmith art in the urban architecture of the center of Santiago de Chile in the early twentieth century: the brothers Mina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bravo Munita, Jaime

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Se valora el aporte de la cerrajería artística a la arquitectura urbana de comienzos del siglo XX en Chile (arquitectos Alberto Cruz Montt y Alberto Siegel, entre otros, observando el caso de la empresa fundada por Carlos Mina Ponti, perteneciente a una familia de cerrajeros españoles que se remonta a tiempos de Napoleón I. Mina Ponti trabajó primero en Chile con cerrajeros italianos, Santambrogio y Ravanello, y pronto se independizó. Su empresa alcanzó el apogeo en las décadas de 1920 y 1930, habiendo obtenido su obra el Gran Premio en la Exposición Ibero Americana de Sevilla en 1929. Con el advenimiento del Movimiento Moderno y su arquitectura sin ornamentación, la empresa concluyó sus actividades a finales de los años 1950s. /The author appreciates the contribution made by the locksmith art in the urban architecture of the early twentieth century in Chile (architects Alberto Cruz Alberto Montt and Siegel, among others, noting the case of the company founded by Ponti Carlos Mine, belonging to a locksmiths Spanish family that goes back to the time of Napoleon I. Carlos Mina Ponti worked first in Chile with Italian locksmiths ─Ravanello, and Santambrogio─, and soon became independent. Company reached its zenith in the decades of 1920 and 1930, having obtained his Grand Prix at the Ibero American Exposition of Seville in 1929. With the advent of the Modern Movement and its architecture without decoration, the company concluded its activities in the late 1950s.

  19. Germans de Mario. Xiquets de primària jugant amb les seues consoles DS Hermanos de Mario. Niños de primaria jugando con sus consolas DS Mario’s brothers. Primary school children playing with their DS consoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricard Huerta

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El present estudi analitza el comportament individual i social d'un grup de xiquets de primària als quals s’ha proposat participar en una sessió de joc amb les seves consoles Nintendo DS. Des de les àrees d'educació en arts visuals i d'educació musical, com a disciplines coincidents i complementàries en relació a la pràctica observada, aportem una reflexió conjunta de les experiències receptives de tipus visual i auditiu que barregen les tecnologies. Els jocs de consola determinen una component específica amb peculiaritats pròpies que els diferencien d'altres àmbits mediàtics tradicionals. Hem orientat el treball cap a la metodologia de l’estudi de casos, tot tenint en compte les darreres aportacions de Hubard (2008 i la vessant teòrica de Paul Duncum (2007. Analitzem les reaccions d’un grup de nens en una sessió amb consoles. Indagant en el comportament dels usuaris, observant-los durant el joc i posteriorment en l’enregistrament en vídeo, complementant-ho amb una bateria de preguntes, hem detectat aspectes poc valorats fins ara, alhora que s’evidencien molts prejudicis infundats en relació a les pràctiques tecnològiques. Detectem l'existència de valuosos elements de socialització. Caldria, per tant, una revisió dels esquemes dominants entre pares i educadors respecte al que suposa l’ús de les consoles i les seues aplicacions educatives. _____________________________________________ La présente étude analyse le comportement individuel et social d’un groupe de jeunes garçons de primaire auxquels on a proposé de participer à une séance de jeu avec leurs consoles Nintendo DS. Dans la perspective de l’éducation en arts visuels et de l’éducation musicale, en tant que disciplines coïncidentes et complémentaires quant à la pratique observée, nous apportons une réflexion conjointe sur les expériences réceptives de type visuel et auditif qui mêlent les technologies. Les jeux de console d

  20. Brothers and reduction of the birth weight of later-born siblings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Henriette Svarre; Mortensen, Laust; Nygaard, Ulrikka;

    2008-01-01

    It has been speculated whether maternal immune responses against male-specific minor histocompatibility (H-Y) antigens affect pregnancies negatively. This study explores, on a population level, whether previous births of boys compared with girls are associated with a decrease in birth weight...... could be maternal immune reactions directed against the H-Y antigens initiated during pregnancies with boys. The findings might add to the understanding of both normal and pathologic pregnancies....

  1. In competition with a brother: Women's inheritance positions in contemporary Swedish family forestry

    OpenAIRE

    Lidestav, Gun

    2010-01-01

    Swedish family forestry is characterized by traditional perceptions of the farm as a project that spans generations and a strong desire to preserve family ownership in accordance with a paternal inheritance tradition. In this study women's inheritance positions in contemporary family forestry in Sweden were examined using three different sources: (1) a national register of all forest owners; (2) an inquiry study; and (3) narrative accounts from female forest owners. An asymmetrical ownership ...

  2. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Galway, Galway

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Sands, Michelle

    2011-01-25

    Abstract Background Chronic alveolar hypoxia, due to residence at high altitude or chronic obstructive lung diseases, leads to pulmonary hypertension, which may be further complicated by right heart failure, increasing morbidity and mortality. In the non-diseased lung, angiogenesis occurs in chronic hypoxia and may act in a protective, adaptive manner. To date, little is known about the behaviour of individual vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family ligands in hypoxia-induced pulmonary angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to examine the expression of placenta growth factor (PlGF) and VEGFB during the development of hypoxic pulmonary angiogenesis and their functional effects on the pulmonary endothelium. Methods Male Sprague Dawley rats were exposed to conditions of normoxia (21% O2) or hypoxia (10% O2) for 1-21 days. Stereological analysis of vascular structure, real-time PCR analysis of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), VEGFB, placenta growth factor (PlGF), VEGF receptor 1 (VEGFR1) and VEGFR2, immunohistochemistry and western blots were completed. The effects of VEGF ligands on human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells were determined using a wound-healing assay. Results Typical vascular remodelling and angiogenesis were observed in the hypoxic lung. PlGF and VEGFB mRNA expression were significantly increased in the hypoxic lung. Immunohistochemical analysis showed reduced expression of VEGFB protein in hypoxia although PlGF protein was unchanged. The expression of VEGFA mRNA and protein was unchanged. In vitro PlGF at high concentration mimicked the wound-healing actions of VEGFA on pulmonary microvascular endothelial monolayers. Low concentrations of PlGF potentiated the wound-healing actions of VEGFA while higher concentrations of PlGF were without this effect. VEGFB inhibited the wound-healing actions of VEGFA while VEGFB and PlGF together were mutually antagonistic. Conclusions VEGFB and PlGF can either inhibit or potentiate the actions of VEGFA, depending on their relative concentrations, which change in the hypoxic lung. Thus their actions in vivo depend on their specific concentrations within the microenvironment of the alveolar wall during the course of adaptation to pulmonary hypoxia.

  3. Am I My Brother's Keeper? African American Men's Health Within the Context of Equity and Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enyia, Okechuku Kelechi; Watkins, Yashika J; Williams, Quintin

    2016-01-01

    African American men's health has at times been regarded as irrelevant to the health and well-being of the communities where they are born, grow, live, work, and age. The uniqueness of being male and of African descent calls for a critical examination and deeper understanding of the psycho-socio-historical context in which African American men have lived. There is a critical need for scholarship that better contextualizes African American Male Theory and cultural humility in terms of public health. Furthermore, the focus of much of the social determinants of health and health equity policy literature has been on advocacy, but few researchers have examined why health-related public policies have not been adopted and implemented from a political and theoretical policy analysis perspective. The purpose of this article will be to examine African American men's health within the context of social determinants of health status, health behavior, and health inequalities-elucidating policy implications for system change and providing recommendations from the vantage point of health equity. PMID:25424505

  4. Action Films Presented by Shaw Brothers%邵氏动作片初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张燕

    2006-01-01

    邵氏公司是唯一一个见证了香港电影整个发展脉络的电影机构,其中邵氏兄弟公司是最为辉煌的一段.动作片是邵氏兄弟电影中最值得关注的类型.20世纪60年代中期在天时、地利、人和的条件下,"邵氏兄弟"以新武侠片为起点开创了动作片的奇迹.其后近20年,动作美学观念不断流变,在新武侠片的类型基础上又巧妙延伸出拳脚功夫片、文艺武侠片等亚类型.七八十年代在嘉禾公司蓬勃崛起和新艺城等公司冒起突进的背景下,邵氏公司遭遇空前的冲击和挑战,动作片创作也日趋困境,并最终在1 985年后消亡.而动作片的式微,则是整个邵氏电影王国走向没落的缩影.

  5. Learning and behavioural difficulties but not microcephaly in three brothers resulting from undiagnosed maternal phenylketonuria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw-Smith, C; Hogg, S L; Reading, R; Calvin, J; Trump, D

    2004-09-01

    Universal screening introduced in the 1960s has reduced the incidence of learning disability resulting from phenylketonuria (PKU), which is a treatable condition. Nonetheless, PKU may still be having an impact on the paediatric-age population. We report a woman with previously undiagnosed PKU who was born before the onset of universal screening. She is of normal intelligence, and so the diagnosis was not suspected until after the birth of her three children. Her serum phenylalanine concentration was found to be in excess of 1 mmol/L, well into the toxic range. She has had three sons, all of whom have a significant degree of learning disability resulting from intrauterine exposure to toxic levels of phenylalanine. None of the sons had microcephaly, a physical sign that, if present, might have helped to point towards the correct diagnosis. We suggest that maternal PKU should be suspected where there is sibling recurrence of cognitive impairment, particularly where the mother was born before the initiation of the neonatal screening programme for PKU.

  6. Law in other contexts: stand bravely brothers! a report from the law wars

    OpenAIRE

    Guardiola-Rivera, Oscar

    2008-01-01

    This essay argues against the two pillars of current research on law and globalisation, from the perspective of legal theory and political philosophy: first, the distinction between ‘well-ordered’ and ‘not so well-ordered’ societies; second, the sociological model of the subject as pacified, fearful and isolated (to sum up, in harmony). It is argued that mainstream legal theory and political philosophy merely reflects the actual rules of the game of competition, dispute and conflict. In contr...

  7. Supervisory and Brothers Permission for Sister’s Matrimony in Islamic Religions

    OpenAIRE

    Amir Ahmadi

    2012-01-01

    Marriage is an important factor is Islam and is a complement for religion and humans personality that’s why girl have to marry by her caretakers permission that determined by mean of low and religion. In this have Supervisory and permission in his sister’s matrimony? Some religions say yes absolutely, some religions say no absolutely and some else religions believe authority in Supervisory of sisters matrimony. Now by investigate of this research, five religions ideas about this topic is inte...

  8. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Roscommon, Roscommon

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Nicolay, Nathalie

    2010-09-22

    Abstract Background In Ireland, salmonellosis is the second most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis. A new electronic system for reporting (Computerised Infectious Disease Reporting - CIDR) of Salmonella cases was established in 2004. It collates clinical (and\\/or laboratory) data on confirmed and probable Salmonella cases. The authors studied the completeness and the timeliness of Salmonella notifications in 2008. Methods This analysis was based upon laboratory confirmed cases of salmonella gastroenteritis. Using data contained in CIDR, we examined completeness for certain non-mandatory fields (country of infection, date of onset of illness, organism, outcome, patient type, and ethnicity). We matched the CIDR data with the dataset provided by the national Salmonella reference laboratory (NSRL) to which all Salmonella spp. isolates are referred for definitive typing. We calculated the main median time intervals in the flow of events of the notification process. Results In total, 416 laboratory confirmed Salmonella cases were captured by the national surveillance system and the NSRL and were included in the analysis. Completeness of non mandatory fields varied considerably. Organism was the most complete field (98.8%), ethnicity the least (11%). The median time interval between sample collection (first contact of the patient with the healthcare professional) to the first notification to the regional Department of Public Health (either a clinical or a laboratory notification) was 6 days (Interquartile 4-7 days). The median total identification time interval, time between sample collections to availability of serotyping and phage-typing results on the system was 25 days (Interquartile 19-32 days). Timeliness varied with respect to Salmonella species. Clinical notifications occurred more rapidly than laboratory notifications. Conclusions Further feedback and education should be given to health care professionals to improve completeness of reporting of non-mandatory fields. The efficiency of reporting was similar to that published elsewhere. Delays in the reporting system at present mean that although the system is of value in facilitating comprehensive reporting it is unlikely it can be relied upon for rapid detection of outbreaks at an early stage. Direct person-to-person, communication between clinical and reference laboratories and public health practitioners remains a critical element of the surveillance system for rapid outbreak detection.

  9. What if the Faculty Member to Be Laid Off Is the Governor's Brother?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolan-Greene, Colleen

    1981-01-01

    Diplomacy and political sophistication are as important as sound data and thorough review in the faculty layoff process. Distinguishing characteristics of institutions and departments affected by retrenchment and reasons for retrenchment are discussed, along with institutional research policies needed regarding release of data. (Author/LB)

  10. Family-focused prevention with Latinos: What about sisters and brothers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Updegraff, Kimberly A; Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J; Rodríguez De Jesús, Sue A; McHale, Susan M; Feinberg, Mark F; Kuo, Sally I-Chun

    2016-08-01

    Using a randomized, intent-to-treat design, this pilot study examined the feasibility and short-term effects of () with a sample of 54 low-income Latino families (91% Mexican-origin). Participants were older (M = 10.8 years; SD = .46) and younger siblings (M = 8.4 years; SD = 1.13), and their parents (94% biological mothers), who were randomly assigned within school to the intervention (n = 28) or no-attention control (n = 26) condition. The intervention condition included 12 weekly afterschool sessions (90 min each) for sibling pairs and 3 family nights for parents and siblings (2 hr each). was designed to enhance sibling relationships via 2 primary intervention targets: (a) children's capacities that underlie positive sibling dynamics, including relationship skills, cognitions, and shared activities; and (b) parenting of siblings, specifically, enhancing positive guidance and involvement and discouraging authoritarian control. Pre- and posttest data were gathered from siblings and parents. Recruitment and implementation data revealed high rates of attendance and completion, and high ratings of parent satisfaction with the program. Further, analyses suggested the program had positive effects of small to modest magnitude on posttest measures of sibling and parent-child relationship quality, parenting of siblings, older siblings' emotional efficacy, and parents' depressive symptoms and parenting stress, controlling for pretest levels of all outcomes and family background characteristics. Discussion addresses the feasibility of sibling-focused programs with low-income Latino families and makes recommendations for future research. (PsycINFO Database Record

  11. Big brother in the classroom? The use of cameras as communication not surveillance technology

    OpenAIRE

    Dyke, Martin; Harding, A.

    2007-01-01

    The paper explores issues raised by a Initial Teacher Training (ITT) project that examined the use video-conference technology for observation, assessment and feedback of teachers. Teachers were observed in their college classrooms, at a distance from the University School of Education. The observations were conducted in real time, over Internet Protocol (IP) and the observers at the University were able to control and switch between two, pan zoom tilt (PZT), cameras placed in teacher’s wor...

  12. The Brothers and Sisters Learn To Write: Popular Literacies in Childhood and School Cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyson, Anne Haas

    Building on the author's groundbreaking work in "Building Superheroes," this book traces the influence of a wide-ranging set of "textual toys" from children's lives--church and hip-hop songs, rap music, movies, TV, traditional jump-rope rhymes, the words of professional sports announcers and radio deejays--upon school learning and writing. The…

  13. When Your Brother or Sister Has Cancer: A Guide for Teens

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... care for people who are ill or disabled Nutritionist/ dietitian A health professional with special training in ... with patients and their families about emotional and personal matters and helps them make decisions, but does ...

  14. Acid Brothers: Henry Beecher, Timothy Leary, and the psychedelic of the century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, Jonathan D

    2016-01-01

    Henry Knowles Beecher, an icon of human research ethics, and Timothy Francis Leary, a guru of the counterculture, are bound together in history by the synthetic hallucinogen lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). Both were associated with Harvard University during a critical period in their careers and of drastic social change. To all appearances the first was a paragon of the establishment and a constructive if complex hero, the second a rebel and a criminal, a rogue and a scoundrel. Although there is no evidence they ever met, Beecher's indirect struggle with Leary over control of the 20th century's most celebrated psychedelic was at the very heart of his views about the legitimate, responsible investigator. That struggle also proves to be a revealing bellwether of the increasingly formalized scrutiny of human experiments that was then taking shape. PMID:27499488

  15. Constructing Ideology in Twenty-First-Century Supernatural Romance. The Salvatore Brothers in The Vampire Diaries

    OpenAIRE

    Mariño Faza, María

    2014-01-01

    The Vampire Diaries is a television series based on J. L. Smith’s novels that follows the emergence of young adult vampire fiction in the first decade of the twenty-first century. This article explores how the show presents vampires in a reflection of changes in society and contributes to debates about marketability and ideology and the influence television has on its audience.

  16. "[This] Book of Odd Tales/Which Transform the Brothers Grimm": Teaching Anne Sexton's "Transformations"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keely, Karen A.

    2008-01-01

    Folklorist Andrew Lang, in his Preface to his 1910 edited collection "The Lilac Fairy Book", celebrates the ongoing repetition and retelling of fairy tales, including both the cozy retelling by the family fireplace. In the century since Lang wrote these words, many authors have joined the ranks of Shakespeare and Homer in putting fairy tale…

  17. The Jesuit Republic and Brother Care in "The Mission": An Allegory of the Conquest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vest, Jay Hansford C.

    2005-01-01

    "The Mission" is an award-winning film that presents an allegorical treatment of colonial drama in the Americas. Depicting the fabled "Jesuit Republic," the film dramatizes historical events that span a period of more than 150 years, from 1610 to 1768. In scope and deed these events bear much that is relevant to the invasion and conquest of the…

  18. Brothers professionally and socially : the rise of local engineering clubs during the Gilded Age

    OpenAIRE

    Männikkö, Nancy Farm

    1997-01-01

    Scholars in the history and sociology of engineering in the United States have commented critically on the unwillingness of twentieth century engineers to participate actively in politics. Alfred Chandler, for example, has noted the absence of engineers in Progressive Era reform movements, while Edwin T. Layton Jr has criticized engineers in the 1920s for an excessive focus on sterile status seeking. This perceived lack of twentieth century engineering activism is especially puzzling given th...

  19. Reportage of Lehman Brothers Disaster%雷曼兄弟蒙难记

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淼

    2008-01-01

    美国当地时间9月14日晚8点,纽约中心区曼哈顿人流如织。在第七大道雷曼兄弟公司总部门口挤满了记者和好奇的行人.警察小心翼翼地用隔离栏围住大门,以防不测。一位路人踮着脚尖往大门方向张望,“发生什么事情了,雷曼公司真的要倒闭

  20. Effects of Older Brother-Younger Sister Incest: A Study of the Dynamics of 17 Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laviola, Marisa

    1992-01-01

    This study of 17 cases of incest between siblings found the women commonly experienced mistrust of men and women, chronic low or negative self-esteem, sexual response difficulties, and intrusive thoughts of the incest. Individual therapy, talking with supportive family and friends, and validating themselves as victims were seen as helpful.…

  1. Pearl S. Buck’s Feminist Translation in All Men Are Brothers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘翠娟

    2014-01-01

    Pearl S. Buck is the first woman who wins the Nobel Prize in Literature for her devotion to the communication be-tween China and the world outside. Being a female writer, she expresses her great concern for women’s life. She is the first to translate the Chinese classics Shui Hu Zhuan into English with the expectation to give a real description about China, which is in-credibly popular in American society. With the wakening-up of the women’s movement in the west, more and more women writers began to concentrate on a historic project-letting women be heard, women realize that they should not be silent and in-visible as they reinterpret the source text into another language. Pearl S. Buck is no exception; in this thesis the strategies of her feminist translation will be illustrated in detail.

  2. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Limerick, Limerick

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Connor, Catherine

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is increasing at 1.5% per year in Ireland with 50% mortality giving 2.2% of all cancer deaths. In the Mid-West region a pilot screening programme has begun to screen all women 25-60 years. 66% of Genitourinary\\/Sexually transmitted disease (GU\\/STD) clinics\\' abnormal smears are <25 years. Requests to abandon "opportunistic" screening prompted this GU\\/STD clinic audit. METHODS: 221(8.4%) patients referred to colposcopy over 4 years were audited. Retrospective analysis was carried out on GU\\/STD clinic files, hospital files and computer records for biopsy reports. Ethical approval was prospectively granted. RESULTS: 2637 smears were carried out from November 1999 - September 2003.221 patients referred to colposcopy were audited.1%, 3%, 5% had severe, moderate and, mild dyskaryosis, respectively, on cervical screening while 0.8%, 1.2%, 1.5% had CIN3, CIN2, CIN1 abnormalities, respectively, on biopsy with 3.5% having no abnormality (Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia = CIN).53% referred to colposcopy were <25 years. CONCLUSION: 2% had high grade lesions. 37% of high grade lesions are <25 years.Of the high grade lesions 13% had Chlamydia trachomatis (27% of CIN3) and 44% had HPV despite Relative Risks (RR) being 0.75 and 1.09 respectively. Older women had higher grade changes. No statistical difference was found for progression, regression and persistence in those over and under 25.

  3. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Galway, Galway

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Campbell, Matthew

    2009-10-20

    Degenerative retinopathies, including age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and hereditary retinal disorders--major causes of world blindness--are potentially treatable by using low-molecular weight neuroprotective, antiapoptotic, or antineovascular drugs. These agents are, however, not in current systemic use owing to, among other factors, their inability to passively diffuse across the microvasculature of the retina because of the presence of the inner blood-retina barrier (iBRB). Moreover, preclinical assessment of the efficacies of new formulations in the treatment of such conditions is similarly compromised. We describe here an experimental process for RNAi-mediated, size-selective, transient, and reversible modulation of the iBRB in mice to molecules up to 800 Da by suppression of transcripts encoding claudin-5, a protein component of the tight junctions of the inner retinal vasculature. MRI produced no evidence indicative of brain or retinal edema, and the process resulted in minimal disturbance of global transcriptional patterns analyzed in neuronal tissue. We show that visual function can be improved in IMPDH1(-\\/-) mice, a model of autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa, and that the rate of photoreceptor cell death can be reduced in a model of light-induced retinal degeneration by systemic drug delivery after reversible barrier opening. These findings provide a platform for high-throughput drug screening in models of retinal degeneration, and they ultimately could result in the development of a novel "humanized" approach to therapy for conditions with little or no current forms of treatment.

  4. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services South East, Waterford

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Semchenko, Evgeny A

    2010-11-30

    Abstract Background Campylobacter jejuni is a major bacterial cause of food-borne enteritis, and its lipooligosaccharide (LOS) plays an initiating role in the development of the autoimmune neuropathy, Guillain-Barré syndrome, by induction of anti-neural cross-reactive antibodies through ganglioside molecular mimicry. Results Herein we describe the existence and heterogeneity of multiple LOS forms in C. jejuni strains of human and chicken origin grown at 37°C and 42°C, respectively, as determined on sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide electrophoresis gels with carbohydrate-specific silver staining and blotting with anti-ganglioside ligands, and confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The C. jejuni NCTC 11168 original isolate (11168-O) was compared to its genome-sequenced variant (11168-GS), and both were found to have a lower-Mr LOS form, which was different in size and structure to the previously characterized higher-Mr form bearing GM1 mimicry. The lower-Mr form production was found to be dependent on the growth temperature as the production of this form increased from ~5%, observed at 37°C to ~35% at 42°C. The structure of the lower-Mr form contained a β-D-Gal-(1→3)-β-D-GalNAc disaccharide moiety which is consistent with the termini of the GM1, asialo-GM1, GD1, GT1 and GQ1 gangliosides, however, it did not display GM1 mimicry as assessed in blotting studies but was shown in NMR to resemble asialo-GM1. The production of multiple LOS forms and lack of GM1 mimicry was not a result of phase variation in the genes tested of NCTC 11168 and was also observed in most of the human and chicken isolates of C. jejuni tested. Conclusion The presence of differing amounts of LOS forms at 37 and 42°C, and the variety of forms observed in different strains, indicate that LOS form variation may play a role in an adaptive mechanism or a stress response of the bacterium during the colonization of different hosts.

  5. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Clare, Clare

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Holland, Deirdre M

    2015-04-01

    Medication reconciliation is a basic principle of good medicines management. With the establishment of the National Acute Medicines Programme in Ireland, medication reconciliation has been mandated for all patients at all transitions of care. The clinical pharmacist is widely credited as the healthcare professional that plays the most critical role in the provision of medication reconciliation services.

  6. Colleges Fear Anti-Terrorism Law Could Turn Them into Big Brother.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Scott; Foster, Andrea L.

    2002-01-01

    Describes how many college officials are confused by the USA Patriot Act, a new anti-terrorism law that may affect campus networks and library records; they believe its provisions could raise privacy and academic freedom issues. (EV)

  7. Kaks kirja vennale = Two Letters from Vincent van Gogh to his brother / Vincent van Gogh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890

    2008-01-01

    Kunstnik Vincent van Goghi kaks kirja oma vennale Theole. Tõlge vene keelest ja kommentaar Mehis Heinsaarelt. Ingliskeelsed kirjad raamatust "The Complete Letters of Vincent van Gogh", Thames and Hudson, 1979

  8. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Limerick - Clare

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Bracken, Pat

    2012-12-01

    A series of editorials in this Journal have argued that psychiatry is in the midst of a crisis. The various solutions proposed would all involve a strengthening of psychiatry\\'s identity as essentially \\'applied neuroscience\\'. Although not discounting the importance of the brain sciences and psychopharmacology, we argue that psychiatry needs to move beyond the dominance of the current, technological paradigm. This would be more in keeping with the evidence about how positive outcomes are achieved and could also serve to foster more meaningful collaboration with the growing service user movement.

  9. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Southern Services, Cork

    OpenAIRE

    Sheehan, Patricia; Healy, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    This inspection report sets out the findings of a monitoring inspection, the purpose of which was to inform a registration decision. This monitoring inspection was announced and took place over 2 day(s). The inspection took place over the following dates and times From: To: 25 November 2015 09:00 25 November 2015 18:30 26 November 2015 09:00 26 November 2015 16:00

  10. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Clare, Clare

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mc Ardle, Angela

    2015-01-01

    Joint destruction, as evidenced by radiographic findings, is a significant problem for patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. Inherently irreversible and frequently progressive, the process of joint damage begins at and even before the clinical onset of disease. However, rheumatoid and psoriatic arthropathies are heterogeneous in nature and not all patients progress to joint damage. It is therefore important to identify patients susceptible to joint destruction in order to initiate more aggressive treatment as soon as possible and thereby potentially prevent irreversible joint damage. At the same time, the high cost and potential side effects associated with aggressive treatment mean it is also important not to over treat patients and especially those who, even if left untreated, would not progress to joint destruction. It is therefore clear that a protein biomarker signature that could predict joint damage at an early stage would support more informed clinical decisions on the most appropriate treatment regimens for individual patients. Although many candidate biomarkers for rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis have been reported in the literature, relatively few have reached clinical use and as a consequence the number of prognostic biomarkers used in rheumatology has remained relatively static for several years. It has become evident that a significant challenge in the transition of biomarker candidates to clinical diagnostic assays lies in the development of suitably robust biomarker assays, especially multiplexed assays, and their clinical validation in appropriate patient sample cohorts. Recent developments in mass spectrometry-based targeted quantitative protein measurements have transformed our ability to rapidly develop multiplexed protein biomarker assays. These advances are likely to have a significant impact on the validation of biomarkers in the future. In this review, we have comprehensively compiled a list of candidate biomarkers in rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis, evaluated the evidence for their potential as biomarkers of bone (joint) damage, and outlined how mass spectrometry-based targeted and multiplexed measurement of candidate biomarker proteins is likely to accelerate their clinical validation and the development of clinical diagnostic tests.

  11. An Ecological Assessment of Eastern Brothers and Halifax Island, Flora and Faunal Surveys

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The objectives of this study included: 1) to inventory colonial nesting seabirds 2) to identify, evaluate, and map rare or ecologically sensitive habitats 3) to...

  12. Wright Brothers National Memorial Data Landcover Product - NOAA C-CAP Source

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — NPScape CCAP landcover (CCAP_LAC - 1996, 2001 and 2006) and landcover change (CCAP_LCC) products. Landcover change is produced from the 1996-2001 NOAA C-CAP and...

  13. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Clare

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Walsh, E K

    2012-02-01

    Multiple and inappropriate medications are often the cause for poor health status in the elderly. Medication reviews can improve prescribing. This study aimed to determine if a ten minute medication review by a general practitioner could reduce polypharmacy and inappropriate prescribing in elderly patients. A prospective, randomised study was conducted. Patients over the age of 65 (n = 50) underwent a 10-minute medication review. Inappropriate medications, dosage errors, and discrepancies between prescribed versus actual medication being consumed were recorded. A questionnaire to assess satisfaction was completed following review. The mean number of medications taken by patients was reduced (p < 0.001). A medication was stopped in 35 (70%) patients. Inappropriate medications were detected in 27 (54%) patients and reduced (p < 0.001). Dose errors were detected in 16 (32%). A high level of patient satisfaction was reported. A ten minute medication review reduces polypharmacy, improves prescribing and is associated with high levels of patient satisfaction.

  14. An evaluation of the doctrine of miraculous healing within the Roman Catholic tradition / Brother James Scott

    OpenAIRE

    Scott, James

    2006-01-01

    According to biblical record, diseases and illness have troubled individuals almost since the beginning of creation (Wilkinson, 1998: 7). To understand and make sense of sickness, mankind turned to religion. In the Old Testament health is seen as a gift of God, but illness is perceived as a punishment for sin (Leon-Dufour, 1962: 543). The preaching of Job argues against this view. The problem of evil still causes difficulties for the Christian today. God permits such challen...

  15. AIDS: the agony of Africa. Part Two: A tale of two brothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoofs, M

    1999-11-16

    Lagos, sub-Saharan Africa's largest metropolis, is a cauldron of at least 8 million inhabitants that swell by almost a thousand newcomers every day. Like so many of Africa's megacities, the city is linked with the rest of the country through the extended families of these immigrants, and through the road, rail, sea, and air routes that converge here. Hence, controlling AIDS in Lagos is critical to controlling AIDS in Nigeria. One of the obstacles to the success of prevention programs in the country is the abject denial of the existence of AIDS rooted in anti-White, pan-African ideology. Fela Anikulapo-Kuti, a staunch activist against the African government and an international music star who did not believe that AIDS existed, fueled this belief. It is noted that Fela's most ardent fans, who have adopted Fela's nonbelief of AIDS, are often the groups most vulnerable to HIV. Their response to the death of Fela caused by AIDS reveals the complex forms that AIDS denial takes in urban Africa. PMID:12295979

  16. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services South East, Waterford

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Palchevskiy, Vyacheslav

    2011-04-04

    Abstract Background Pulmonary sarcoidosis involves an intense leukocyte infiltration of the lung with the formation of non-necrotizing granulomas. CC chemokines (chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2)-CCL5) are chemoattractants of mononuclear cells and act through seven transmembrane G-coupled receptors. Previous studies have demonstrated conflicting results with regard to the associations of these chemokines with sarcoidosis. In an effort to clarify previous discrepancies, we performed the largest observational study to date of CC chemokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis. Results BALF chemokine levels from 72 patients affected by pulmonary sarcoidosis were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and compared to 8 healthy volunteers. BALF CCL3 and CCL4 levels from pulmonary sarcoidosis patients were not increased compared to controls. However, CCL2 and CCL5 levels were elevated, and subgroup analysis showed higher levels of both chemokines in all stages of pulmonary sarcoidosis. CCL2, CCL5, CC chemokine receptor type 1 (CCR1), CCR2 and CCR3 were expressed from mononuclear cells forming the lung granulomas, while CCR5 was only found on mast cells. Conclusions These data suggest that CCL2 and CCL5 are important mediators in recruiting CCR1, CCR2, and CCR3 expressing mononuclear cells as well as CCR5-expressing mast cells during all stages of pulmonary sarcoidosis.

  17. What We Learn from Our Sisters and Brothers: For Better or for Worse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, Laurie; Conger, Katherine J.

    2009-01-01

    Siblings have considerable influence on one another's development throughout childhood, yet most human development research has neglected sibling socialization. Through this volume, we aim to enhance our understanding of how siblings play formative roles in one another's social and emotional development. We examine the mechanisms by which children…

  18. Big Brother Is Helping You: Supporting Self-Access Language Learning with a Student Monitoring System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinders, Hayo

    2007-01-01

    Self-access and language advising are relatively recent and increasingly common types of language support offered in schools and tertiary institutions around the world. There is a great deal of anecdotal support for the positive contribution of such support to student learning. Self-access and language advising hold strong potential as…

  19. Exchange of Librarians between the "City of Brotherly Love" and the "Land Down Under."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarr, Hal; Kotasek, Ivana

    1988-01-01

    Two participants in an international exchange program describe their experiences. Hal Tarr, a technical services librarian at Peirce Junior College in Pennsylvania, exchanged positions with Ivana Kotasek, head librarian at Port Adelaide College in Australia. Both discuss the logistics of the exchange process and their impressions. (DMM)

  20. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Southern Services, Cork

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Quinn, Edel Marie

    2013-01-01

    Chronic ulcers affect roughly 60,000 Irish people, at a total cost of €600,000,000, or €10,000 per patient annually. By virtue of their chronicity, these ulcers also contribute a significant burden to tertiary outpatient vascular clinics.

  1. 75 FR 46864 - Airworthiness Directives; Short Brothers PLC Model SD3 Airplanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-04

    ... Register on March 15, 2010 (75 FR 12154). That earlier NPRM proposed to supersede AD 2006-12-18, Amendment 39-14644 (71 FR 34801, June 16, 2006), to require actions intended to address the unsafe condition... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant...

  2. 76 FR 1985 - Airworthiness Directives; Short Brothers PLC Model SD3 Airplanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-12

    ... reference of certain other publications listed in this AD as of July 21, 2006 (71 FR 34801, June 16, 2006... August 4, 2010 (75 FR 46864), and proposed to supersede AD 2006-12- 18, Amendment 39-14644 (71 FR 34801... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and (3) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive...

  3. 75 FR 12154 - Airworthiness Directives; Short Brothers PLC Model SD3 Airplanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-15

    ... On June 5, 2006, we issued AD 2006-12-18, Amendment 39-14644 (71 FR 34801, June 16, 2006). That AD... and Maintenance and Inspection Requirements'' (66 FR 23086, May 7, 2001). In addition to new... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive...

  4. Phelan-McDermid syndrome in two adult brothers: Atypical bipolar disorder as its psychopathological phenotype?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.M.A. Verhoeven (Wim); J.I.M. Egger (Jos); M.H. Willemsen; G.J.M. de Leijer (Gert); T. Kleefstra (Tjitske)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThe 22q13.3 deletion, or Phelan-McDermid syndrome, is characterized by global intellectual disability, generalized hypotonia, severely delayed or absent speech associated with features of autism spectrum disorder, and minor dysmorphisms. Its behavioral phenotype comprises sleep disturban

  5. Who Will be My Brother's Keeper--My First Visit to Haiti

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinker Sachs, Gertrude

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author describes her preparations for the Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) professional presentations in Haiti. As a cultural worker, (after Paulo Freire), she was very conscious of the need for care in working with "the Other" especially when the Other is known only from second hand…

  6. My Brother's Keeper: A Case Study in Evolutionary Biology and Animal Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benson, Kari E.

    2004-01-01

    In this interrupted case, students read about the alarm-calling behavior of a certain type of ground squirrel and then work in groups to develop hypotheses to explain the behavior and describe data that might be used to test their hypotheses. Students are then given real data and asked to interpret the evolutionary relevance of the results.…

  7. TALKING POLITICS ONLINE WITHIN SPACES OF POPULAR CULTURE : THE CASE OF THE BIG BROTHER FORUM

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graham, T.S.

    2010-01-01

    Talking politics online is not bound to spaces dedicated to politics, particularly the everyday political talk crucial to the public sphere. The aim of this article is to move beyond such spaces by examining political talk within a space dedicated to popular culture. The purpose is to see whether a

  8. The first mutation in CNGA2 in two brothers with anosmia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karstensen, H G; Mang, Y; Fark, T;

    2015-01-01

    identified in a cohort of 31 non-related ICA individuals. Magnetic resonance brain imaging revealed diminished olfactory bulbs and flattened olfactory sulci. This is the first report of a mutation in the cyclic nucleotide-gated gene CNGA2 and supports the critical role of this gene in human olfaction....

  9. A designated centre for people with disabilities, operated by Brothers of Charity Services Clare, Clare

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Rock, Kathy

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Hypercalcaemic hyperparathyroid crisis is a rare but life-threatening complication of primary hyperparathyroidism. Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare malignancy with an incidence of 0.5% to 4% of all reported cases of primary hyperparathyroidism. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 60-year-old Caucasian man with hypercalcaemic hyperparathyroid crisis associated with parathyroid carcinoma. He presented with a classic hypercalcaemic syndrome and his serum calcium and parathyroid hormone levels were at 4.65 mmol\\/L and 1743 ng\\/L, respectively. He initially presented with a two-week history of weakness and lethargy and a one-week history of vomiting, polyuria and polydipsia. An emergency left thyroid lobectomy and left lower parathyroidectomy were performed. There was a prompt decrease in his parathyroid hormone level immediately after surgery. Histology revealed that our patient had a 4-cm parathyroid carcinoma. CONCLUSION: In patients with parathyroid carcinoma, the optimal surgical treatment is en bloc resection with ipsilateral thyroid lobectomy and removal of any enlarged or abnormal lymph nodes. Surgery is the only curative treatment. In our patient, prompt surgical intervention proved successful. At six months the patient is well with no evidence of disease recurrence. This case highlights the importance of considering a hyperparathyroid storm in the context of a parathyroid carcinoma. Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare entity and our knowledge is mainly derived from case reports and retrospective studies. This case report increases awareness of this serious and life-threatening complication. This report also illustrates how prompt and appropriate management provides the best outcome for the patient.

  10. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Galway, Galway

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Murphy, Deirdre J

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Caesarean section is one of the most commonly performed major operations in women throughout the world. Rates are escalating, with studies from the United States of America, the United Kingdom, China and the Republic of Ireland reporting rates between 20% and 25%. Operative morbidity includes haemorrhage, anaemia, blood transfusion and in severe cases, maternal death. The value of routine oxytocics in the third stage of vaginal birth has been well established and it has been assumed that these benefits apply to caesarean delivery as well. A slow bolus dose of oxytocin is recommended following delivery of the baby at caesarean section. Some clinicians use an additional infusion of oxytocin for a further period following the procedure. Intravenous oxytocin has a very short half-life (4-10 minutes) therefore the potential advantage of an oxytocin infusion is that it maintains uterine contractility throughout the surgical procedure and immediate postpartum period, when most primary haemorrhages occur. The few trials to date addressing the optimal approach to preventing haemorrhage at caesarean section have been under-powered to evaluate clinically important outcomes. There has been no trial to date comparing the use of an intravenous slow bolus of oxytocin versus an oxytocin bolus and infusion. METHODS AND DESIGN: A multi-centre randomised controlled trial is proposed. The study will take place in five large maternity units in Ireland with collaboration between academics and clinicians in the disciplines of obstetrics and anaesthetics. It will involve 2000 women undergoing elective caesarean section after 36 weeks gestation. The main outcome measure will be major haemorrhage (blood loss >1000 ml). A study involving 2000 women will have 80% power to detect a 36% relative change in the risk of major haemorrhage with two-sided 5% alpha. DISCUSSION: It is both important and timely that we evaluate the optimal approach to the management of the third stage at elective caesarean section. Safe operative delivery is now a priority and a reality for many pregnant women. Obstetricians, obstetric anaesthetists, midwives and pregnant women need high quality evidence on which to base management approaches. The overall aim is to reduce maternal haemorrhagic morbidity and its attendant risks at elective caesarean section. TRIAL REGISTRATION: number: ISRCTN17813715.

  11. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Galway - Galway

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Breen, Patricia

    2010-01-01

    Feedback from service users will provide insight into opportunities for improvement so that performance can be optimised. In the context of a formative evaluation referring clinician and patient satisfaction with a teleneurophysiology service was examined during a 20 week pilot period.

  12. Beyond Bad Behaving Brothers: Productive Performances of Masculinities among College Fraternity Men

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Frank, III; Harper, Shaun R.

    2014-01-01

    Research on fraternity men focuses almost exclusively on problematic behaviors such as homophobia and sexism, alcohol abuse, violence against women, sexual promiscuity, and the overrepresentation of members among campus judicial offenders. Consequently, little is known about those who perform masculinities in healthy and productive ways. Presented…

  13. 20 CFR 725.222 - Conditions of entitlement; parent, brother, or sister.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... disabled due to pneumoconiosis at the time of death or to have died due to pneumoconiosis. A surviving... establish that the miner's death was due to pneumoconiosis in order to establish entitlement to...

  14. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Southern Services, Cork

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Bennett, Annemarie E

    2014-08-06

    Adults with an intellectual disability have poorer diets than the general adult population. The Able 2 Cook 4 Health cookery course aims to improve the diets of adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability. This study aims to evaluate the course by obtaining the views of course participants and the views of managers hosting the course. Thirty course participants took part in focus groups. Five managers hosting the course participated in a semi-structured interview. Positive features of the course included the group cooking, social interaction and course instructors. Collaboration between centres hosting the course and participants\\' home environment is needed to help transfer the skills learned to all home settings. The Able 2 Cook 4 Health cookery course provided participants with an important social outlet to learn essential occupational skills. These findings could particularly influence the diets of adults with an intellectual disability moving into independent living.

  15. Older sisters and younger brothers: The impact of siblings on preference for competition

    OpenAIRE

    OKUDAIRA Hiroko; Kinari, Yusuke; Mizutani, Noriko; Ohtake, Fumio; Kawaguchi, Akira

    2014-01-01

    Studies in psychology have long argued the possibility that sibling structure, such as birth order and the gender of siblings, shapes one's feminine and masculine personality traits, such as a preference for competition. In light of recent developments in the economics literature on the gender gap, this implies that familial environment could explain why some women do opt for competition, while the vast majority of women do not and, thus, are underrepresented on the career ladder. By conducti...

  16. Are Brothers Really Better? Sibling Sex Composition and Educational Achievement Revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Kaestner

    1996-01-01

    In this paper, I examine the relationship between sibling sex composition and educational achievement. First, I replicate the study of Butcher and Case (1994) using data on a more recent birth cohort. Contrary to the findings of that study, I find basically no effect of sibling sex composition on the educational attainment of white males or females, although among black adults, those who grew up with a sister, or who had relatively more sisters, had greater levels of educational attainment th...

  17. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Roscommon, Roscommon

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    2011-08-30

    Abstract Before a probiotic bacterium can even begin to fulfill its biological role, it must survive a battery of environmental stresses imposed during food processing and passage through the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Food processing stresses include extremes in temperature, as well as osmotic, oxidative and food matrix stresses. Passage through the GIT is a hazardous journey for any bacteria with deleterious lows in pH encountered in the stomach to the detergent-like properties of bile in the duodenum. However, bacteria are equipped with an array of defense mechanisms to counteract intracellular damage or to enhance the robustness of the cell to withstand lethal external environments. Understanding these mechanisms in probiotic bacteria and indeed other bacterial groups has resulted in the development of a molecular toolbox to augment the technological and gastrointestinal performance of probiotics. This has been greatly aided by studies which examine the global cellular responses to stress highlighting distinct regulatory networks and which also identify novel mechanisms used by cells to cope with hazardous environments. This review highlights the latest studies which have exploited the bacterial stress response with a view to producing next-generation probiotic cultures and highlights the significance of studies which view the global bacterial stress response from an integrative systems biology perspective.

  18. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Ireland, Galway

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Murphy, Andrew W

    2005-07-29

    BACKGROUND: The aim of the SPHERE study is to design, implement and evaluate tailored practice and personal care plans to improve the process of care and objective clinical outcomes for patients with established coronary heart disease (CHD) in general practice across two different health systems on the island of Ireland. CHD is a common cause of death and a significant cause of morbidity in Ireland. Secondary prevention has been recommended as a key strategy for reducing levels of CHD mortality and general practice has been highlighted as an ideal setting for secondary prevention initiatives. Current indications suggest that there is considerable room for improvement in the provision of secondary prevention for patients with established heart disease on the island of Ireland. The review literature recommends structured programmes with continued support and follow-up of patients; the provision of training, tailored to practice needs of access to evidence of effectiveness of secondary prevention; structured recall programmes that also take account of individual practice needs; and patient-centred consultations accompanied by attention to disease management guidelines. METHODS: SPHERE is a cluster randomised controlled trial, with practice-level randomisation to intervention and control groups, recruiting 960 patients from 48 practices in three study centres (Belfast, Dublin and Galway). Primary outcomes are blood pressure, total cholesterol, physical and mental health status (SF-12) and hospital re-admissions. The intervention takes place over two years and data is collected at baseline, one-year and two-year follow-up. Data is obtained from medical charts, consultations with practitioners, and patient postal questionnaires. The SPHERE intervention involves the implementation of a structured systematic programme of care for patients with CHD attending general practice. It is a multi-faceted intervention that has been developed to respond to barriers and solutions to optimal secondary prevention identified in preliminary qualitative research with practitioners and patients. General practitioners and practice nurses attend training sessions in facilitating behaviour change and medication prescribing guidelines for secondary prevention of CHD. Patients are invited to attend regular four-monthly consultations over two years, during which targets and goals for secondary prevention are set and reviewed. The analysis will be strengthened by economic, policy and qualitative components.

  19. Phelan-McDermid syndrome in two adult brothers: atypical bipolar disorder as its psychopathological phenotype?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhoeven, W.M.; Egger, J.I.; Willemsen, M.H.; Leijer, G.J. de; Kleefstra, T.

    2012-01-01

    The 22q13.3 deletion, or Phelan-McDermid syndrome, is characterized by global intellectual disability, generalized hypotonia, severely delayed or absent speech associated with features of autism spectrum disorder, and minor dysmorphisms. Its behavioral phenotype comprises sleep disturbances, communi

  20. β-Mannosidase deficiency: Heterogeneous manifestation in the first female patient and her brother

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.J. Kleijer (Wim); P. Hu (P.); R. Thoomes (R.); M. Boer (M.); J.G.M. Huijmans (Jan); W. Blom (W.); O.P. van Diggelen (Otto); E. Seemanova (E.); M. Macek (Milan MI)

    1990-01-01

    markdownabstractSummary β-Mannosidase deficiency was demonstrated in fibroblasts of a girl who showed severe psychomotor retardation, bone deformities and gargoylism and recurrent skin and respiratory infections and who died at 20 years of age from bronchopneumonia. This first demonstration of a f

  1. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Ireland, Clare

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McHugh, Seamus M

    2009-01-01

    AIMS: We will examine the latest advances in genomic and proteomic laboratory technology. Through an extensive literature review we aim to critically appraise those studies which have utilized these latest technologies and ascertain their potential to identify clinically useful biomarkers. METHODS: An extensive review of the literature was carried out in both online medical journals and through the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland library. RESULTS: Laboratory technology has advanced in the fields of genomics and oncoproteomics. Gene expression profiling with DNA microarray technology has allowed us to begin genetic profiling of colorectal cancer tissue. The response to chemotherapy can differ amongst individual tumors. For the first time researchers have begun to isolate and identify the genes responsible. New laboratory techniques allow us to isolate proteins preferentially expressed in colorectal cancer tissue. This could potentially lead to identification of a clinically useful protein biomarker in colorectal cancer screening and treatment. CONCLUSION: If a set of discriminating genes could be used for characterization and prediction of chemotherapeutic response, an individualized tailored therapeutic regime could become the standard of care for those undergoing systemic treatment for colorectal cancer. New laboratory techniques of protein identification may eventually allow identification of a clinically useful biomarker that could be used for screening and treatment. At present however, both expression of different gene signatures and isolation of various protein peaks has been limited by study size. Independent multi-centre correlation of results with larger sample sizes is needed to allow translation into clinical practice.

  2. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Limerick, Limerick

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Reilly, Ken

    2015-07-10

    There is a broad literature suggesting that cognitive difficulties are associated with violence across a variety of groups. Although neurocognitive and social cognitive deficits are core features of schizophrenia, evidence of a relationship between cognitive impairments and violence within this patient population has been mixed.

  3. A designated centre for people with disabilities operated by Brothers of Charity Services Roscommon, Roscommon

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Counihan, K P

    2012-08-01

    Pre-eruptive intra-coronal radiolucency (PEIR) describes a radiolucent lesion located in the coronal dentine, just beneath the enamel-dentine junction of unerupted teeth. The prevalence of this lesion varies depending on the type and quality of radiographic exposure and age of patients used for assessment. The aetiology of pre-eruptive intra-coronal radiolucent lesions is not fully understood, but published clinical and histological evidence suggest that these lesions are resorptive in nature. Issues around the diagnosis, treatment planning and clinical management of this lesion are explored using previously unreported cases.

  4. Yokihi and Shaw Brothers' Chinese Historical Costume Epic%《杨贵妃》与邵氏宫廷片

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱淑婷

    2008-01-01

    (1955,沟口健二) 是第一出打着"港日合拍片"旗号的电影,在历史上具有划时代的意义.然而,有关本片的研究向来不多,评价亦见负面.本文尝试从的制作背景及艺术成就,讨论其在承接第二次世界大战时期中日电影于上海的合作基础,以及对日后邵氏大举拍摄大型彩色宫廷片,如李翰祥导演的(1962)、(1963)和(1964)的意义.

  5. Early 20th Century Education in the United States: The Role of the Brothers of Holy Cross

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Philip C.

    2007-01-01

    The French Revolution bears an ironic responsibility for generating works of charity. To counteract the devastating social effects of that late 18th century uprising, numerous religious communities were founded in France, among them the Congregation of Holy Cross. The Congregation of Holy Cross, the founding religious community behind the…

  6. 75 FR 16903 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance Dayton-Wright Brothers Airport...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ...: Written comments on the Sponsor's request must be delivered or mailed to: Irene R. Porter, Program Manager... INFORMATION CONTACT: Irene R. Porter, Program Manager, Federal Aviation Administration, Great Lakes Region... central angle of 04 10'55'', and a chord bearing N 86 56'32'' E, a chord distance of 424.67 feet, for...

  7. Power in Play: A Foucauldian Reading of A.O. Soyinka’s The Trials of Brother Jero

    OpenAIRE

    Mahboobeh Davoodifar; Moussa Pourya Asl

    2015-01-01

    This work utilizes Foucault’s articulations on the power strategies of our contemporary society. To him the subject’s constitution is never a purely passive effect of power on the subject but requires the subject’s own activity. This necessitates the existence of a dynamic, mutually affecting relationship, implying that one can be both dominated and dominate at different times and in different contexts. This article aims to analyze the Nigerian Noble Laureate, Wole Soyinka’s play The Trials o...

  8. Big Brother's Geschäftspartner : Privatheit und Überwachung in den USA nach dem 11. September 2001

    OpenAIRE

    Rürup, Katharina Sophie

    2004-01-01

    'Im Gefolge der Anschläge vom 11. September 2001 zeichnen sich neue Gefährdungen von Privatheit in den USA ab. Um diese besser zu begreifen wird der (rechtshistorische) Hintergrund amerikanischer Konzepte von 'Privacy' (Privatheit, Privatsphäre) erläutert. Zu diesem Zweck rekonstruiert der Artikel zunächst Konzepte von Privacy in der amerikanischen Verfassungsrechtsprechung und skizziert die vorhandene amerikanische Privacy-Gesetzgebung. Im Anschluss werden die rechtlichen Entwicklungen nach ...

  9. A Brother or a Sister With CP. How Much it Makes a Difference in Childhood and Adulthood?

    OpenAIRE

    Calado, E

    2011-01-01

    Every month we see to be published dozens of scientific papers about etiology and physiopathology of CP, imaging, treatment, survival, quality of life of patients and of mothers (just a few) and so on. Papers dealing with the feelings and the problems of siblings of children and adults with CP in the most important scientific journals are extremely rare. However in internet we can find the sites of the most important Cerebral Palsy Societies, like the British, the Australian and the Americ...

  10. 雷曼垮塌与融资之失%Lehman Brothers collapse and failure of financing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    门淑莲; 颜易

    2010-01-01

    @@ 2008年9月15日,拥有158年历史的美国第四大投资银行--雷曼兄弟控股公司申请破产保护.华尔街"债券之王"的覆灭,促使由美国次贷问题引发的金融海啸很快蔓延全球.美国当地时间今年3月11日晚,一份历时一年、耗资3800万美元、长达2200多页的"雷曼兄弟破产调查报告"公之于世.该报告由美国破产法庭委托Jenner & Block律师事务所律师、检察官安东·沃卢卡斯(AntonR.Valukas)完成.

  11. National Wetlands Inventory -- Cape Hatteras National Seashore, Fort Raleigh National Historic Site and Wright Brothers National Monument (Line Features)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — NWI digital data files are records of wetlands location and classification as developed by the U.S. Fish Vol. 19/2, pp. 5-12) entitled "NWI Maps: What They Tell...

  12. Wright Brothers Lectureship in Aeronautics: Experience with HiMAT remotely piloted research vehicle - An alternate flight test approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deets, D. A.; Brown, L. E.

    1986-01-01

    The highly maneuverable aircraft technology (HiMAT) program explored the various and complex interactions of advanced technologies, such as aeroelastic tailoring, close-coupled canard, and relaxed static stability. A 0.44-subscale remotely piloted research vehicle (RPRV) of a hypothetical fighter airplane was designed and flight-tested to determine the effects of these interactions and to define the design techniques appropriate for advanced fighter technologies. Flexibility and high maneuverability were provided by flight control laws implemented in ground-based computers and telemetered to the vehicle control system during flight tests. The high quality of the flight-measured data and their close correlation with the analytical design modeling proved that the RPRV is a viable and cost-effective tool for developing aerodynamic, structure, and control law requirements for highly maneuverable fighter airplanes of the future.

  13. All Men Are Brothers: A World out of Balance%水浒:一个失衡的世界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶道庆

    2002-01-01

    《水浒传》所描绘的世界是个失衡的、倾斜的世界,具体表现在:男女的失衡,向男性倾斜,是个男性的世界,女性形象大多被扭曲、异化;食色的失衡,向食倾斜,英雄不亲女色但暴吃暴饮,直至吃人为乐;忠义的失衡,向忠倾斜,为了忠义可以不仁,为了忠也可以不义.表露了中国文化、道德和人性中的缺陷和阴暗的一面.

  14. National Wetlands Inventory -- Cape Hatteras National Seashore, Fort Raleigh National Historic Site and Wright Brothers National Monument (Polygon Features)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — NWI digital data files are records of wetlands location and classification as developed by the U.S. Fish Vol. 19/2, pp. 5-12) entitled "NWI Maps: What They Tell...

  15. Brotherhood or Brothers in the "Hood"? Debunking the "Educated Gang" Thesis as Black Fraternity and Sorority Slander

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughey, Matthew W.

    2008-01-01

    In this article the author explores the controversial thesis that African American Collegiate Fraternities and Sororities, also known as Black Greek Letter Organizations (BGLOs), are "educated gangs". First, the author examines this polemic as a "truth claim" and compares BGLOs and gangs through: (1) hazing; (2) rape and substance abuse; (3)…

  16. Two Brothers with Skewed Thiopurine Metabolism in Ulcerative Colitis Treated Successfully with Allopurinol and Mercaptopurine Dose Reduction

    OpenAIRE

    Hoentjen, Frank; Hanauer, Stephen B.; de Boer, Nanne K; Rubin, David T.

    2011-01-01

    Thiopurine therapy effectively maintains remission in inflammatory bowel disease. However, many patients are unable to achieve optimum benefits from azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine because of undesirable metabolism related to high thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) activity characterized by hepatic transaminitis secondary to increased 6-methylmercaptopurine (6-MMP) production and reduced levels of therapeutic 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6-TGN). Allopurinol can optimize this skewed metabolism....

  17. Jung's twin brother. Otto Gross and Carl Gustav Jung. With an hitherto unpublished letter by C. G. Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heuer, G

    2001-10-01

    This paper is a preliminary communication of several years of research into the life and work of the Austrian psychoanalyst and anarchist Otto Gross (1877-1920). Although he played a pivotal role in the birth of modernity, acting as a significant influence upon psychiatry, psychoanalysis, ethics, sociology and literature, he has remained virtually unknown to this day. Following a biographical sketch and an overview of his main theoretical contributions, the impact of Gross' life and work on the development of analytical theory and practice is described. His relationship with some of the key figures in psychoanalysis is presented, with particular emphasis on his connections to Jung. The paper concludes with an account of relevant contemporary interest in his work: the founding of the International Otto Gross Society, the first edition of The Collected Works of Otto Gross on the Internet, and the 1st and 2nd International Otto Gross Congresses which took place in Berlin in 1999 and at the Burghölzli Clinic, Zürich, in October 2000.

  18. HASIL RANCANG BANGUN SISTEM ERP DENGAN SDLC MODEL WATERFALL: STUDI KASUS SISTEM INVENTORI PT PAN BROTHERS, TBK.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harijanto Pangestu

    2012-11-01

    is how to choose and use appropriate information systems development method. SDLC (system development life cycle is growing very rapidly along with the development of information technology. It is necessary to choose the right SDLC in building an integrated system based on ERP. Each SDLC models has advantages and disadvantages. SDLC models will only be optimal if used according to the situation and conditions. Waterfall model provides clear deliverables and milestones, good documentation, easy to understand, easy to implement, emphasizes on good procedural workmanship (precoding design. Some of its weaknesses are difficult to integrate risk management, high-cost change documents, high administrative costs, often late completion thus. To avoid them, there should be a well-planned project management and steps properly so it can be on time and will not exceed budget.

  19. My Best Friend's Brother's Cousin Knew This Guy Who?…?: Hoaxes, Legends, Warnings, and Fisher's Narrative Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobart, Melissa

    2013-01-01

    Students frequently encounter stories in the form of urban legends but often fail to analyze them properly. Using urban legends to teach is often a lively and informative method, and deconstructing common persuasive messages can show students the applicability of theory to real life. The author states that her goal as a teacher is to help students…

  20. Jung's twin brother. Otto Gross and Carl Gustav Jung. With an hitherto unpublished letter by C. G. Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heuer, G

    2001-10-01

    This paper is a preliminary communication of several years of research into the life and work of the Austrian psychoanalyst and anarchist Otto Gross (1877-1920). Although he played a pivotal role in the birth of modernity, acting as a significant influence upon psychiatry, psychoanalysis, ethics, sociology and literature, he has remained virtually unknown to this day. Following a biographical sketch and an overview of his main theoretical contributions, the impact of Gross' life and work on the development of analytical theory and practice is described. His relationship with some of the key figures in psychoanalysis is presented, with particular emphasis on his connections to Jung. The paper concludes with an account of relevant contemporary interest in his work: the founding of the International Otto Gross Society, the first edition of The Collected Works of Otto Gross on the Internet, and the 1st and 2nd International Otto Gross Congresses which took place in Berlin in 1999 and at the Burghölzli Clinic, Zürich, in October 2000. PMID:11675896

  1. From "Banished" to "Brother Outsider", "Miss Navajo" to "An Inconvenient Truth": Documentary Films as Perspective-Laden Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Diana

    2007-01-01

    The ubiquity of documentary films in social studies courses, along with their potential to influence what students learn, clearly show that documentary films matter in social studies education. While the high rate of documentary film usage by social studies teachers indicates that they are amenable to bringing new films into their classrooms, they…

  2. What does Big Brother have to do with it? Political talk in the net-based public sphere

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graham, Todd

    2010-01-01

    Political communications today is going through a time of decentralization whereby citizens increasingly challenge the legitimacy of institutionalized politics and traditional media institutions, exhibited for example in declining voter turnout and increased public cynicism and distrust. They are tu

  3. Leadership, Hermandad (Brother/Sisterhood), and Organizational Culture: Crossing Boundaries to Build Collaborative Relationships among Latino Fraternal Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heredia, Anna-Maria

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to explore the identity development and organizational culture of a student organization, the National Association of Latino Fraternal Organizations council (NALFO) by implementing a community of practice approach at a large, public university in southwestern United States. The objective is to construct a sustainable…

  4. Electron microscopic studies of primary band-shaped keratopathy and gelatinous, drop-like corneal dystrophy in two brothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanai, A; Kaufman, H E

    1982-06-01

    We present here a case of bilateral primary band-shaped keratopathy that changed into a gelatinous, drop-like dystrophy over two years. To our knowledge, this is the first such case reported in the literature. In the first examination of the right eye, histologic evidence revealed no amyloid deposits and the presence of disorganized collagen lamellae with a high-density amorphous substance. The left corneal disc, obtained two years after the first and second examinations, revealed an agglomeration of amyloid fibrils in the subepithelial portion.

  5. Ehlers danlos syndrome in two siblings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Das M

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Two cases of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome affecting two real brothers are being reported. Both of them presented with features of atrophy and hyperextensibility of skin, hypermobility of joints and scarring at the sites of trauma. The elder brother also had kyphoscoliosis and hypogonadism with testicular failure.

  6. AcEST: BP915933 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 9.1 tr|A4V047|A4V047_DROME Brother of odd with entrails limited, iso... 33 9.1 >tr|B4L9X7|B4L9X7_DROMO GI141...IITQPESGKPPNQPLHSPHEAMPSFLGSIPMRKRILPAPTLDLMDPHHHP 673 >tr|A4V047|A4V047_DROME Brother of odd with entrails limited

  7. AcEST: BP916278 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DROER GG24967 OS=Drosophila erecta GN=GG24967 P... 33 9.2 tr|A4V047|A4V047_DROME Brother of odd with entrails limited...SFLGSIPMRKRILPAPTLDLMDPHHHP 673 >tr|A4V047|A4V047_DROME Brother of odd with entrails limited

  8. AcEST: BP918513 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available E Brother of odd with entrails limited, iso... 33 9.9 >tr|B4L9X7|B4L9X7_DROMO GI14159 OS=Drosophila mojavens...EAMPSFLGSIPMRKRILPAPTLDLMDPHHHP 673 >tr|A4V047|A4V047_DROME Brother of odd with entrails limited, isoform B

  9. "When He's around His Brothers ... He's Not so Quiet": The Private and Public Worlds of School-Aged Children with Speech Sound Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLeod, Sharynne; Daniel, Graham; Barr, Jacqueline

    2013-01-01

    Children interact with people in context: including home, school, and in the community. Understanding children's relationships within context is important for supporting children's development. Using child-friendly methodologies, the purpose of this research was to understand the lives of children with speech sound disorder (SSD) in context.…

  10. Síndrome de Waardenburg: achados audiológicos em 2 irmãos Waardenburg's syndrome: audiological findings in 2 brothers

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Henrique F. Martins; Fabiana R. Yoshimoto; Priscila Z. Freitas

    2003-01-01

    A síndrome de Waardenburg foi inicialmente descrita em 1951 por P.J. Waardenburg, como uma condição autossômica dominante que apresenta penetrância e expressividade variáveis de seus caracteres. Os sinais clínicos mais frequentes são: deslocamento lateral dos cantos internos dos olhos (telecanto), hiperplasia da porção medial dos supercílios (sinofris), base nasal proeminente e alargada, alterações na pigmentação da íris e da pele, surdez congênita, mecha branca frontal ou encanecimento preco...

  11. Status quo, Methods and Meanings of Researching the Shaw Brothers' Films%邵氏电影研究的现状、方法和意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘辉

    2006-01-01

    邵氏家族开办的电影公司横跨中国电影半个多世纪,是中国电影史上时间最长、规模最大的家族性电影机构,其中以邵逸夫经营的邵氏兄弟(香港)公司最为突出.近年来,随着大批老的邵氏影片重新数码修复后,以影碟的方式重新投入市场,学术界开始逐渐注意到了邵氏兄弟公司在香港电影本体建构过程中的重要贡献,同时更包括其对于华语电影开拓海外市场的尝试意义.本文旨在对目前邵氏研究的现状做出初步的总结,并指出目前邵氏研究过程中需要进一步引入的观点和角度,希望为邵氏电影这一华语电影的重要现象提出一种学术的思维方式.

  12. The Shaw Brothers Pan-Chinese Cinema%在香港建构"中国":邵氏电影的大中华视野

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅葆石; 刘辉

    2006-01-01

    邵氏兄弟电影公司垄断了20世纪60-80年代时期的华语电影市场(大陆市场除外).在这段时期,邵氏兄弟公司改变了香港电影的制片方式、娱乐产业和电影文化,同时也建立了全球化的电影发行网络,使得邵氏电影成为成千上万的海外流离华人共同的梦幻家园,邵氏电影成为香港、台湾、新加坡及其亚太地区、欧洲和美国的华人世界中最为流行的娱乐方式.然而一直到近期,都没有出现对邵氏电影的系统研究.这篇文章旨在对邵氏的跨地域发展做出历史的分析,并强调它在华语电影全球化过程中的先锋意义.

  13. 论刘家良在"邵氏"的功夫片创作%On Lau Kar Leung's Kungfu Films Produced by Shaw Brothers Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏涛

    2007-01-01

    刘家良是香港武侠片/功夫片历史上最有影响力的电影人之一.从1975年独立执导以来,刘家良一举成为"邵氏"及香港功夫片的代表人物.本文从武打设计、谐趣情节、意识形态入手,对刘家良在"邵氏"的功夫片创作进行系统分析,并试图以此为基础评价刘家良在香港电影史上的地位.

  14. A search for blues brothers: X-ray crystallographic/spectroscopic characterization of the tetraarylbenzidine cation radical as a product of aging of solid magic blue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talipov, Marat R; Hossain, Mohammad M; Boddeda, Anitha; Thakur, Khushabu; Rathore, Rajendra

    2016-03-14

    Magic blue (MB+˙ SbCl6− salt), i.e. tris-4-bromophenylamminium cation radical, is a routinely employed one-electron oxidant that slowly decomposes in the solid state upon storage to form so called ‘blues brothers’, which often complicate the quantitative analyses of the oxidation processes. Herein, we disclose the identity of the main ‘blues brother’ as the cation radical and dication of tetrakis-(4-bromophenyl)benzidine (TAB) by a combined DFT and experimental approach, including isolation of TAB+˙ SbCl6− and its X-ray crystallography characterization. The formation of TAB in aged magic blue samples occurs by a Scholl-type coupling of a pair of MB followed by a loss of molecular bromine. The recognition of this fact led us to the rational design and synthesis of tris(2-bromo-4-tert-butylphenyl)amine, referred to as ‘blues cousin’ (BC: Eox1 = 0.78 V vs. Fc/Fc+, λmax(BC+˙) = 805 nm, εmax = 9930 cm−1 M−1), whose oxidative dimerization is significantly hampered by positioning the sterically demanding tert-butyl groups at the para-positions of the aryl rings. A ready two-step synthesis of BC from triphenylamine and the high stability of its cation radical (BC+˙) promise that BC will serve as a ready replacement for MB and an oxidant of choice for mechanistic investigations of one-electron transfer processes in organic, inorganic, and organometallic transformations. PMID:26878458

  15. 试论雷曼破产的成因及启示%On the causes of Lehman Brothers going bankrupt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟

    2010-01-01

    雷曼倒塌举世注目.到底是什么原因将雷曼这艘巨轮推向了万复不劫的深渊?它的覆灭给世人留下哪些惊醒?人们应该吸取哪些教训?关于巨人倒塌,众说纷纭,笔者观察到这些分析大多数集中在对雷曼本身的剖析和解读上,而对引发雷曼悲剧的整体资本主义经济环境和金融体系的分析则显得明显不够.本文拟从宏观和微观两个视角,全面分析、阐述了雷曼悲剧的根源,揭示了雷曼消亡的历史必然.

  16. 雷曼危机的根源与警示%The Reason for the Tumbling Down of Lehman Brothers and its Lesson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨明生

    2008-01-01

    2008年9月15日晚,我从中央电视台新闻联播中惊悉,世界第四大投资银行——雷曼兄弟公司申请破产保护。此前,对雷曼公司在次贷危机中难逃一劫的消息已有耳闻,但我一直不相信雷曼公司会落到这种地步。众所周知,雷曼公司曾是华尔街一家非常优秀的投资银行。我对雷曼公司也一直怀有好感,在我任中国农业银行行长期间,同雷曼公司有过许多接触与合作,特别是公司董事长富德先生的精明与睿智,给我留下了深刻的印象。这次次贷危机发生后,

  17. Lehman Brothers Holdings Failed in Credit Risk Model%雷曼在信用风险模型中迷失

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵蔚

    2009-01-01

    有着158年历史的美国第四大投行雷曼兄弟于2008年9月突然接到死亡证书,诱发了信贷紧缩的第二个毁灭性阶段,也为全球经济彻底陷入低迷种下恶果。对雷曼兄弟的突然倒塌有人说是由于美国政府错误的改变所谓“大而不倒”的游戏规则,也有人归咎为其CEO富尔德任内铸成的一连串错误。本文试图从雷曼兄弟复杂的风险控制模型入手找到一些蛛丝马迹。

  18. Event and Enlightening of Lehman Brothers Mini-bonds%雷曼迷你债券风波及其启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹凤岐; 鹿波

    2009-01-01

    本文介绍了雷曼迷你债券的特点以及造成这次雷曼迷你债券风波的原因,原因包括监管体系不适应金融创新的步伐;零售产品的投资者保护监管薄弱,具有系统性风险的投资产品的流动性以及透明度都很缺乏,最后得到一些对于中国的启示,包括建立以监管目标来划分的监管机构体系;在一些投资产品具有系统性风险之后,促进该产品公开二级市场的形成,提高市场的流动性和透明度;加强私募基金的监管;衍生工具的创造不能脱离实体经济.

  19. Lehman Brothers Bankruptcy Process, Reasons and Enlightenment%雷曼兄弟公司破产过程、原因和启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张继德

    2009-01-01

    本文时雷曼兄弟公司破产时我们的启示进行了探讨.首先,本文对信贷违约掉期、次贷担保债券凭证等概念进行了辨析;其次,概括分析了雷曼兄弟的规模、主营业务,阐述了雷曼兄弟的发展历程和死亡过程;再次,诠释了雷曼兄弟破产的原因;最后,总结提出了雷曼兄弟破产给我们的启示.

  20. Study on the Accounting Issues and Implication of Lehman Brothers' Bankruptcy%雷曼兄弟事件中的会计问题及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁敏; 朱荣恩

    2010-01-01

    2008年9月15日美国第四大投行雷曼兄弟宣告破产,其中暴露出来的风险管理、公司治理、会计政策选择等问题受到广泛关注.本文在介绍投行的回购业务和会计处理的基础上,重点介绍了雷曼兄弟面临的资产负债表压力和回购政策选择,并在分析回购105交易的会计处理及相关问题后,从会计原则的遵循、高管的诚信、信息披露的完善和中介服务水平的提高等方面总结了雷曼事件的启示.

  1. 雷曼兄弟公司破产对中国QDII的影响%The Effect of Lehman Brothers Bankruptcy to China's QDII

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘漪

    2008-01-01

    2008年9月14日,在美国政府接管“两房”(房地美和房利美)仅过一周,美国五大投行之一的雷曼兄弟控股集团公司(简称“雷曼兄弟”)因陷入财务危机而无奈地宣布申请破产。受此利空消息的打击,当天全球主要股市出现普遍重跌,法兰克福、伦敦、纽约、巴黎等地股指跌幅一度超过4%,引发投资者对美国金融业的担忧和恐慌。

  2. Neurological syndromes and mental disorders in the literary characters of the novel «Bratya Karamazovy» (The Brothers Karamazov) by F.M. Dostoevsky

    OpenAIRE

    А.А. Mikhailenko; М.М. Оdinak; V.V. Nechiporenko; D.I. Skulyabin

    2014-01-01

    The novel «Bratya Karamazovy» by F.M. Dostoevsky presents a whole series of literary characters whose neuropsychiatric health cannot be considered to be impeccable. Various clinical conditions, such as neurasthenia, mental retardation, epilepsy, obsessive-compulsive and conversion-and-dissociative syndromes, may be retrospectively recognized with varying degrees of credibility and validity in many characters of the novel. In terms of belletristic literature, the description of their behavior ...

  3. A search for blues brothers: X-ray crystallographic/spectroscopic characterization of the tetraarylbenzidine cation radical as a product of aging of solid magic blue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talipov, Marat R; Hossain, Mohammad M; Boddeda, Anitha; Thakur, Khushabu; Rathore, Rajendra

    2016-03-14

    Magic blue (MB+˙ SbCl6− salt), i.e. tris-4-bromophenylamminium cation radical, is a routinely employed one-electron oxidant that slowly decomposes in the solid state upon storage to form so called ‘blues brothers’, which often complicate the quantitative analyses of the oxidation processes. Herein, we disclose the identity of the main ‘blues brother’ as the cation radical and dication of tetrakis-(4-bromophenyl)benzidine (TAB) by a combined DFT and experimental approach, including isolation of TAB+˙ SbCl6− and its X-ray crystallography characterization. The formation of TAB in aged magic blue samples occurs by a Scholl-type coupling of a pair of MB followed by a loss of molecular bromine. The recognition of this fact led us to the rational design and synthesis of tris(2-bromo-4-tert-butylphenyl)amine, referred to as ‘blues cousin’ (BC: Eox1 = 0.78 V vs. Fc/Fc+, λmax(BC+˙) = 805 nm, εmax = 9930 cm−1 M−1), whose oxidative dimerization is significantly hampered by positioning the sterically demanding tert-butyl groups at the para-positions of the aryl rings. A ready two-step synthesis of BC from triphenylamine and the high stability of its cation radical (BC+˙) promise that BC will serve as a ready replacement for MB and an oxidant of choice for mechanistic investigations of one-electron transfer processes in organic, inorganic, and organometallic transformations.

  4. Flashlight of Normal Human Feelings in Brothers YuHua%论余华《兄弟》中的人性闪光点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张韵雅

    2011-01-01

    余华是当代先锋派的优秀作家,其小说《兄弟》是余华最受人们争议的一部长篇小说.但是这部作品中的人性人情之美却达到了余华小说中从未有过的亮点.在此阐述了《兄弟》中存在的众多广泛的人性闪光点:童心,亲情,爱情.

  5. Brother of sleep. Alertness management as a means of preventing fatigue while driving; Schlafes Bruder. Mit Alertness Management gegen Muedigkeit im Verkehr

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gundel, A.; Thoren, C. ten [DLR-Institut fuer Luft- Raumfahrtmedizin, Koeln-Porz (Germany)

    2003-12-01

    Fatigue is a neglected aspect of traffic safety. The contribution shows how a so-called alertness management strategy, i.e. active and preventive influencing of all factors that may cause fatigue, may help to reduce the number of accidents resulting from fatigue. (orig.) [German] Muedigkeit im Verkehr ist ein bisher in Deutschland vernachlaessigter Aspekt der Verkehrssicherheit. Mit dem Projekt Uebermuedung und Verkehrssicherheit' werden neue Wege aufgezeigt, wie durch ein so genanntes Alertness-Management versucht werden kann, die Zahl muedigkeitsbedingter Unfaelle zu verringern. Unter Alertness-Management verstehen wir das aktive und praeventive Einwirken auf alle Umstaende und Ursachen, die im Verkehr zu Muedigkeit fuehren. (orig.)

  6. Paroxysmal exercise-induced dyskinesia, writer's cramp, migraine with aura and absence epilepsy in twin brothers with a novel SLC2A1 missense mutation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urbizu, Aintzane; Cuenca-León, Ester; Raspall-Chaure, Miquel; Gratacòs, Margarida; Conill, Joan; Redecillas, Susana; Roig-Quilis, Manuel; Macaya, Alfons

    2010-08-15

    We report two monochorionic twins that progressively developed, between ages 5 and 10, a combination of episodic neurological disorders including paroxysmal exercise-induced dyskinesia, migraine without or with aura, absence seizures and writer's cramp. CSF/serum glucose ratio was moderately decreased in both patients. Mutational analysis of SLC2A1 gene identified a de novo heterozygous missense mutation in exon 4. This novel mutation has been previously showed to disrupt glucose transport in vitro. Both patients showed immediate and near-complete response to ketogenic diet. This clinical observation suggests that a high index of suspicion for GLUT1 deficiency syndrome is warranted in evaluating patients with multiple neurological paroxysmal events.

  7. 'He is now like a brother, I can even give him some blood'--relational ethics and material exchanges in a malaria vaccine 'trial community' in The Gambia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geissler, P Wenzel; Kelly, Ann; Imoukhuede, Babatunde; Pool, Robert

    2008-09-01

    This paper explores social relations within the 'trial community' (staff and volunteers) of a Malaria Vaccine Trial (MVT), implemented by the Medical Research Council (MRC) in The Gambia between 2001 and 2004. It situates ethical concerns with medical research within the everyday life of scientific fieldwork. Based upon discussions with volunteers and staff, we explore processes of mediation between scientific project and study population, and between formal ethics, local ethical debates and everyday practice. We observe that material contact and substantial transactions, notably of blood and medicine, are central to the construction of the MVT. These transactions are guided by a concrete and relational form of ethics, which contrasts with the abstract and vertical formal ethical principles underwriting the scientific study protocol. The success of the MVT owed much to these kinship-like ethics. One possible conclusion from these observations is that research ethics should be understood, not just as a quasi-legal frame but also as an open, searching movement, much in the same way that kinship is not merely a juridical institution and a prescriptive frame of rules, but a network made through relational work. However, this conclusion raises new problems: by contrasting formal, abstract principles to intimate, immediate relations, and economic justice to personal morality, we accept that the order of medical research is moved further out of the public and political, and into the domains of either quasi-legal claims or of private morality. Irrespective of the undeniable importance of clear-cut rules and of good face-to-face relations, a third essential foundation of medical research ethics is the democratically constituted public sphere, including equitable health services, and transparent institutions to facilitate open debate and regulate particular interests. Ultimately, the ethics of global science can rely neither on principles nor trust but requires citizenship and democratic government. PMID:18455854

  8. Do Brothers Affect Their Sisters' Chances to Graduate? An Analysis of Sibling Sex Composition Effects on Graduation from a University or a "Fachhochschule" in Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacob, Marita

    2011-01-01

    In a recent paper on gender inequality in higher education Buchman and DiPrete (2006) assume that the decrease in the gender gap in college completion in the US can partly be explained by changes in the allocation of familial resources in favour of women. However, they do not test this hypothesis empirically. In this paper I examine the effects of…

  9. [Nutritional status of two generations of brothers and sisters <5 years of age beneficiaries from opportunities living in marginalized rural communities in Chiapas, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Parra, Esmeralda; Ochoa-Díaz-López, Héctor; García-Miranda, Rosario; Moreno-Altamirano, Laura; Morales, Helda; Estrada-Lugo, Erin Ingrid Jane; Solís-Hernández, Roberto

    2015-06-01

    En México, en las últimas décadas se han desarrollado varios programas para erradicar el problema de la desnutrición en infantes salud y la nutrición infantil. Objetivo: describir los cambios nutricionales de dos generaciones de hermanos(as) que han sido beneficiados por el programa Oportunidades en comunidades rurales de Chiapas. Métodos: estudio transversal. Se determinó: bajo peso, baja talla, emaciación y SP + O (Sobrepeso más Obesidad). Los hermanos(as) mayores fueron evaluados en los años 2002-2003, para el 2010-2011 se evaluaron a los hermanos( as) menores, ambos grupos eran < de 5 años de edad en el momento de conseguir la información. Resultados: la desnutrición en sus tres formas es un problema, 43,4% de los hermanos(as) evaluados(as) en 2010-2011 presentaron baja talla, la prevalencia de bajo peso disminuyó de 18% a 13,2%, la emaciación (peso bajo para la talla) aumentó de 8,1% a 10.4%. El SP + O aumentó significativamente 12 puntos porcentuales entre los hermanos(as) de 24,8% en 2002-2003 a 36,8% en 2010-2011. La desnutrición en los niños (varones) es menor que la de sus hermanos de la generación de 2002- 2003 (baja talla p =.

  10. Anterior Approach Total Hip Replacement

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... performed now is commonly attributed to the Jeu de brothers, Robert and John, who practiced orthopedic surgery ... mean this is the traditional Smith Meet Jeu De view of the acetabulum,. I mean you can ...

  11. Xeroderma Pigmentosum- Eye Changes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhaduri Gautam

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Xeroderma pigmentosum is a rare hereditary and fatal disease of the skin. Ocular involvement is known to occur in 80% of cases. Two brothers of a family with cutaneous and ocular involvement are reported.

  12. African American Men and Prostate Cancer

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... fold higher and has remained so over many years. Rev. Thomas L. Walker: The researchers don't ... cancer started with the death of my 46-year-old brother from cancer, then my dad four ...

  13. Anterior Approach Total Hip Replacement

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... attributed to the Jeu de brothers, Robert and John, who practiced orthopedic surgery in France in the ‘ ... So I agree completely. I know Chris and John Cagey have worked on saving the capsule. I ...

  14. A Russian Falk Tale%俄罗斯传说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Once there were two brothers. One was rich,and one was poor-so poor he had only one horse to plow his field, and that one died. In desperation he asked his rich brother to lend him a horse for just one day. At first his brother refused, but the poor brother pleaded until he relented.

  15. The LHCb Experiment Control System: On the path to full automation

    CERN Document Server

    Gaspar, C; Herwijnen, E v; Garnier, JC; Frank, M; Cardoso, L; Schwemmer, R; Neufeld, N; Jost, B; Jacobsson, R; Callot, O; Franek, B

    2011-01-01

    LHCb is a large experiment at the LHC accelerator. The experiment control system is in charge of the configuration, control and monitoring of the different subdetectors and of all areas of the online system. The building blocks of the control system are based on the PVSS SCADA System complemented by a control Framework developed in common for the 4 LHC experiments. This framework includes an "expert system" like tool called SMI++ which is used for the system automation. The experiment's operations are now almost completely automated, driven by a top-level object called Big-Brother, which pilots all the experiment's standard procedures and the most common error-recovery procedures. The architecture, tools and mechanisms used for the implementation as well as some operational examples will be described.

  16. Genomic selection in a pig population including information from slaughtered full sibs of boars within a sib-testing program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samorè, A B; Buttazzoni, L; Gallo, M; Russo, V; Fontanesi, L

    2015-05-01

    Genomic selection is becoming a common practise in dairy cattle, but only few works have studied its introduction in pig selection programs. Results described for this species are highly dependent on the considered traits and the specific population structure. This paper aims to simulate the impact of genomic selection in a pig population with a training cohort of performance-tested and slaughtered full sibs. This population is selected for performance, carcass and meat quality traits by full-sib testing of boars. Data were simulated using a forward-in-time simulation process that modeled around 60K single nucleotide polymorphisms and several quantitative trait loci distributed across the 18 porcine autosomes. Data were edited to obtain, for each cycle, 200 sires mated with 800 dams to produce 800 litters of 4 piglets each, two males and two females (needed for the sib test), for a total of 3200 newborns. At each cycle, a subset of 200 litters were sib tested, and 60 boars and 160 sows were selected to replace the same number of culled male and female parents. Simulated selection of boars based on performance test data of their full sibs (one castrated brother and two sisters per boar in 200 litters) lasted for 15 cycles. Genotyping and phenotyping of the three tested sibs (training population) and genotyping of the candidate boars (prediction population) were assumed. Breeding values were calculated for traits with two heritability levels (h 2=0.40, carcass traits, and h 2=0.10, meat quality parameters) on simulated pedigrees, phenotypes and genotypes. Genomic breeding values, estimated by various models (GBLUP from raw phenotype or using breeding values and single-step models), were compared with the classical BLUP Animal Model predictions in terms of predictive ability. Results obtained for traits with moderate heritability (h 2=0.40), similar to the heritability of traits commonly measured within a sib-testing program, did not show any benefit from the

  17. Half Full

    OpenAIRE

    Bender, Emily

    2012-01-01

    Half Full is a film about a woman who has a rare genetic disorder that causes her to want to continue eating. Since she is unable to control her drive towards food, she can never be left alone with food. Her parents share their journey through trying to navigate her care and keep her from being institutionalized.

  18. 论邵氏《西游记》系列电影中女性形象的塑造%Women in Shaw Brothers Movies Based on Pilgrimage to the West

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凡

    2016-01-01

    作为20世纪60年代香港“西游记”题材电影的重要作品,由邵氏兄弟(香港)有限公司投资拍摄的《西游记》《铁扇公主》《盘丝洞》《女儿国》四部影片,通过原著女性形象反面色彩的强化、女性形象官能意味的含蓄性表述投射出深受传统文化影响的影片主创者对于女性“祸水”观的承袭,并折射出当时香港电影艺术家对于《西游记》这部古典小说名著的独特理解与影像诠释.这种电影创作实践,证明了古典名著的人物影像化重塑乃至整体改编只有实现艺术诉求与商业票房、忠实原著与改编创新的双向平衡,才能更好地普及古典名著,弘扬传统文化.

  19. The Shaw Brothers' New Era of Martial Arts Film in the Centenary of Chinese Cinema%百年中国电影中的邵氏"武侠新世纪"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海洲

    2006-01-01

    本文从百年中国电影的大理念出发审视20世纪60年代邵氏开启武侠新世纪的历史价值,华语武侠电影正是从那个平台重新出发才走到今天的高度.在掌握大量资料的前提下,本文从产业发展战略、人才养成、文化策略、国际视野等角度对邵氏武侠电影制作进行了深入的研究,并对其在中国电影历史中的价值和地位进行了深入的分析.

  20. The suspense martial arts films by Hong Kong Shaw Brothers and their image styles%香港邵氏悬疑武侠片及其影像风格探微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凡

    2015-01-01

    20世纪70-80年代,香港邵氏兄弟有限公司投资拍摄了一系列颇具影响力的悬疑武侠片.作为处于鼎盛时期的邵氏武侠片的一种亚类型电影,邵氏悬疑武侠片呈现出悬念手法的成功运用、侠客式侦探的独特塑造以及悬疑氛围的巧妙营造等诸多特异的影像风格,从而体现出香港电影独特的艺术气质.

  1. Public report and proceedings of the third European Privacy Open Space held at the Europahaus in Vienna 26th and 27th October 2009 in conjunction with the Austrian Big Brother Awards

    OpenAIRE

    Schallaböck, Jan

    2011-01-01

    The Project European Privacy Open Space (PrivacyOS) aims at bringing together industry, SMEs, Government, Academia and Civil Society to foster development and deployment of privacy infrastructures for Europe. The general objectives of PrivacyOS are to create a longterm collaboration in the thematic network and establish collective interfaces with other EU projects. Participants exchange research and best practices, as well as develop strategies and joint projects following four core policy go...

  2. 雷曼兄弟"REPO 105"粉饰财务报告事件分析%An Analysis of Lehman Brothers Whitewash of Financial Reports Using "REPO 105"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋卫平

    2010-01-01

    2010年3月10日,纽约地区破产法院指定的律师Anton Valukas经过一年的调查,公布了雷曼兄弟破产倒闭原因的调查报告.令雷曼陷入财务危机的罪魁祸首是过度追求高风险的经营模式与用"REPO 105"掩饰其日益恶化的财务结果的会计舞弊行为,两者的合力最终造成了雷曼兄弟破产清算.本文针对雷曼兄弟的会计舞弊问题,深入分析"REPO 105"的具体交易细节,从中提炼出美国投资银行如何滥用会计准则规定,达到操纵资产负债表的行为模式.事实上, "REPO105"的交易模式是雷曼兄弟公司各部门负责人、外部审计师与律师经过多月磋商、反复论证最终制定出来的方案,其精细程度以及在形式上的"合法"程度并不是外部投资者通过分析所能洞察!雷曼兄弟的案例也提示我们离参透、驾驭外国投资银行的目标甚远!

  3. Epitome of Subordinated Debt Crisis——Analysis of the Lehman Brothers Minibond%次级债危机的缩影——雷曼迷你债事件探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢啸风

    2009-01-01

    2007年次级债危机爆发,经济泡沫的破灭不仅对全球经济造成不良影响,也揭示出一些被掩盖已久的问题.以此危机中有代表性的雷曼兄弟公司迷你债事件为例,分析其缘起、运行机制及造成的不良后果.这一事件的启示是:(1)正确对待金融产品的创新;(2)要理智地选择金融产品的销售对象;(3)加强金融市场的监管.

  4. Problems revealed by the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy investigation report and lessons learned%雷曼破产检查报告揭示的主要问题及借鉴意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄志强; 时欣; 赵冰

    2010-01-01

    此次国际金融危机中,雷曼兄弟是唯一一家申请破产的大型投行.美国破产法院对其进行了深入检查,揭示出其破产既有自身原因,如采取高风险的商业模式,实施逆势而动的经营策略,以及风险管理松懈等,同时也暴露出监管制度、外部约束、会计准则等方面仍存在很大不足.我国金融机构在制定经营策略、监管部门在进行风险判断时,应有更长远的对经济周期规律的认识;监管部门应就上市公司信息披露制定更严格、更详尽、更全面的规则;在风险控制方面要坚持发挥市场的基础性作用,监管应积极查找市场漏洞、弥补市场不足.

  5. Features and defects of credit derivative model——a case study of Lehman Brothers%信用衍生品模型的特征和缺陷——以雷曼兄弟为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗然然

    2009-01-01

    近年来,数量分析技术在信用分析领域的运用得到极大发展,特别是在信用衍生品风险度量、资产定价等方面发挥了重要作用。长期以来雷曼兄弟公司以先进的信用衍生品模型分析技术著称,但其9月15日倒闭前,模型工具并未起到应有的预测作用,信用衍生品的损失远超预期,是除次级债巨额损失、过高的交易杠杆率、市场信心低迷造成流动性紧张等因素外,导致其破产的重要原因之一。结合信用衍生品模型在雷曼兄弟公司倒闭事件中的失灵,可以看出其风险建模的思路,以及其中的一些缺陷。

  6. Looking for Eternal of Life in Kissing Gate: About Brothers Ⅱ%在窄门内寻找永生——评余华《兄弟·下》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵薇

    2007-01-01

    余华近作《兄弟·下》展现了底气不足的市场经济初期中国人生存的混乱与荒诞,以及与之伴生的人情伦理的污浊与悲凉.余华以笔为戈对当下社会的"正面强攻",一方面以独到的方式严肃拷问了纵欲所带来的时代畸形,另一方面却有破无立地放弃了对现代人精神出路的探索,后者也鉴照出余华对当下社会把握的某些不足.

  7. 《喧嚣与骚动》:三兄弟与本我、自我和超我%The Sound and the Fury: Three Brothers and Id, Ego and Superego

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谌晓明

    2008-01-01

    福克纳创作的巅峰之作被推崇为英美意识流小说的杰出典范.小说通过对时间的巧妙处理和对结构的精心安排以及对内心独白、自由联想、蒙太奇等技巧的运用,展示出一片美国二、三十年代的南方的精神荒原.从精神分析的角度来看,作为家里唯一女儿的凯蒂是本能的化身.在与她的交往中,小说中的三兄弟班吉、杰生、昆丁分别表现出本我、自我和超我的人格结构特征.

  8. 宋末泸州忠义毛沆毛演兄弟事略%The Late Song Dynasty’s Loyalty People in Luzhou:the Mao Brothers Mao Hang and Mao Yan’s Deeds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    粟品孝

    2015-01-01

    宋末泸州毛沆、毛演兄弟是坚持抗元的忠义之士。然《宋史》未予立传,地方史志亦不著录,其事迹仅见于元朝史官危素所写《故宋秘书监毛公墓表》一文,但长期未见重视。本文以《毛公墓表》为主,辅以相关史料,对毛氏兄弟的事迹略加钩沉。叙述《毛公墓表》的内容和危素的写作经过,以及危、毛两家的渊源;简述毛氏兄弟的家世和科举情况;考论毛氏兄弟的官守、抗元事迹和最终归属。%Mao Hang and Mao Yan who lived in Luzhou during the Late Song Dynasty are known for their loyalty as a result of perseverant fighting against the Yuan Dynasty and struggling to the end. However, we can’t find their bi-ographies in The History of the Song Dynasty and in the local annal. Actually, their stories and achievements can only be found in Tomb Inscription for the Respected Mr. Mao,a Deceased Administrator for Books Collections in the Song Dynasty written by the Yuan Dynasty’s official historian Wei Su. This essay tries to narrate their deeds mainly based on Tomb Inscription for the Respected Mr. Mao,a Deceased Administrator for Books Collections in the Song Dy-nasty and other related historical materials. Firstly,the paper mainly shows the content and writing process of Tomb Inscription for the Respected Mr. Mao,a Deceased Administrator for Books Collections in the Song Dynasty and the his-tory associations between the Wei and Mao families. Secondly, the paper tells the Mao Brothers’ family background and their performance at the imperial examinations in brief. Thirdly, this paper verifies the truth of the two brother’ s official experiences,anti-Yuan deeds and the place they belonged to.

  9. Teacher, Friend and Brother All in One On Friendship between SUShi and WEN Tong%亦师亦友亦兄亦弟——论苏轼与文同的忘年交谊

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻世华

    2012-01-01

    The relationship between SUShi and WEN Tong is very close, not only because they are family friends, relatives and native fellows, but, more importantly, they admire each other's morality and knowledge, have the same character and pursue the goal of perfection in the art. Being real friends and companions, SU Shi's relationship with WEN Tong is never mixed with secular affairs and personal interests. Such pure friendship is of special significance for people today.%苏轼与文同的关系非常亲密,固然与世交、亲戚、同乡等因素有关,但更为重要的原因是道德、学问的相互钦佩,性格上的投契和艺术上的传承。苏轼与文同的关系没有世俗和利害因素搀杂其中,是真正的知己和知音。这种纯粹的交谊,对于今天的人们有着特别的意义。

  10. Towards a personalized Internet: a case for a full decentralization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kermarrec, Anne-Marie

    2013-03-28

    The Web has become a user-centric platform where users post, share, annotate, comment and forward content be it text, videos, pictures, URLs, etc. This social dimension creates tremendous new opportunities for information exchange over the Internet, as exemplified by the surprising and exponential growth of social networks and collaborative platforms. Yet, niche content is sometimes difficult to retrieve using traditional search engines because they target the mass rather than the individual. Likewise, relieving users from useless notification is tricky in a world where there is so much information and so little of interest for each and every one of us. We argue that ultra-specific content could be retrieved and disseminated should search and notification be personalized to fit this new setting. We also argue that users' interests should be implicitly captured by the system rather than relying on explicit classifications simply because the world is by nature unstructured, dynamic and users do not want to be hampered in their actions by a tight and static framework. In this paper, we review some existing personalization approaches, most of which are centralized. We then advocate the need for fully decentralized systems because personalization raises two main issues. Firstly, personalization requires information to be stored and maintained at a user granularity which can significantly hurt the scalability of a centralized solution. Secondly, at a time when the 'big brother is watching you' attitude is prominent, users may be more and more reluctant to give away their personal data to the few large companies that can afford such personalization. We start by showing how to achieve personalization in decentralized systems and conclude with the research agenda ahead. PMID:23419849

  11. 38 CFR 12.9 - Rights of designate; sales instruction; transportation charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... requests shipment with charges collect and the carrier will accept such shipment without liability for such... executor or administrator, widow, child, grandchild, mother, father, grandmother, grandfather, brother, or... widower), child, grandchild, mother, father, grandmother, grandfather, brother and sister, if known....

  12. Il teatro classico e rinascimentale nelle cinquecentine illustrate custodite in Sardegna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Cadeddu

    2016-06-01

    Keywords: University Library of Cagliari, University Library of Sassari, incunabulum illustrated, book illustrated from the 1500s, woodcuts, brothers Sabbio, brothers Dal Gesù, Lazzaro Soardi, Ioannes Roigny, Plautus, Terence, Bernardo Dovizi, Bibbiena, Calandra, Zoan Andrea

  13. The Role of Family Background for Earnings in Rural China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, Tor Viking; Qiang, Zhang Ying

    This paper provides estimates of brother income correlations for rural China. Brother correlations are a parsimonious measure of the importance of family and community background as determinants of individuals' economic status. We find internationally high levels of income similarity for brothers...

  14. Familial Behcet′s disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srivastava Neeraj

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available There are very few reports of Behηet′s disease from India. Familial aggregation of Behηet′s disease has been reported with restricted geographical distribution. We report here familial Behcet′s disease from India in two brothers aged 30 and 32 years. Both patients had recurrent oral and genital ulcers for approximately five years. They also had arthralgias on and off along with fever. Pathergy test was positive in both cases. Their younger brother and a sister had recurrent oral aphthous ulcers.

  15. From the Dualist Gnosis to the Imaginary Literature on the Devil. Review for the volume Imaginea nefratelui in literatura, author Simona-Maria Drelciuc, Lumen Publishing House, Iasi, Romania, 2015.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio SANDU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper represents an excellent overview of the censorship of the European collective imaginary, challenged as stranger of the one that is different, of the non-brother identified eventually as Satan. In the vision of the author Simona Maria Drelciuc, the Devil is the existential pole of the medieval imaginary, a fundamental cultural mark, “catalyst of the European civilization” (Drelciuc, 2015. This bringing into attention of the image of the non-brother allows us to reflect on the European civilization, of religious nature, and of “cultural periphery placement” of the Christian moral values such as love, tolerance etc.

  16. Early cardiac failure in a child with Becker muscular dystrophy is due to an abnormally low amount of dystrophin transcript lacking exon 13.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishigaki, C; Patria, S Y; Nishio, H; Yoshioka, A; Matsuo, M

    1997-12-01

    Two Japanese brothers with Becker muscular dystrophy were shown by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and cDNA sequence analysis to produce a dystrophin gene transcript lacking a single exon: that is, number 13. Despite having the same deletion mutation, the brothers showed clearly different clinical phenotypes: the younger brother developed cardiac failure at the age of nine, while the elder brother was asymptomatic. As alternative splicing was not responsible for this clinical difference, the amount of dystrophin transcript was examined by using reverse transcription semi-nested and parallel PCR. The results showed that the amount of the dystrophin transcript in the younger brother was 20% of that of the elder brother. This finding suggested that lesser amount of dystrophin transcript in the younger brother was responsible for the early onset of cardiac failure. This would represent a novel molecular mechanism for dystrophinopathy.

  17. Case report of Ellis-Van Creveld syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baghdadi T

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Ellis-van Creveld sydrome (Chondroectodermal dysplasia is a hereditary form of short limb disproportionate dwarfism characterized by diffuse involvement of skeletal system and visceral organs. Two brothers affected by this syndrome are presented here following a brief account of the disease's manifestations.

  18. L’utilità della poesia: la lettera di Hölderlin al fratello Karl del I gennaio 1799. Una proposta di lettura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Polledri

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available After depicting the core function of correspondence for understanding Hölderlin, as well as contextualizing the letter to his brother Carl (January 1st 1799 in both his life and work, a close reading of this document focuses step by step on its political, philosophical and first and foremost poetological issues.

  19. “A PERSISTENT EXCEPTION TO TEXTBOOK ECONOMICS”: A HISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Benson

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The recent centennial of the Wright Brothers' flight stimulated study of the history of aviation in general and this historical overview of international airlines in particular. International airlines are commercial enterprises, but their history suggests that the economics behind their development was often overridden lypolitical, diplomatic, strategic, imperial, cultural, and emotional pressures. International airlines have not always been economically rational enterprises.

  20. Origin of the B/J, R/J, and Y/J strains of rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, R R

    1978-01-01

    The inbreeding of strains B/J, Y/J, and R/J, formerly designated ACCR(B), ACCR(Y), and ACCR(R), was started by full brother X sister inbreeding by C. Cohen to test the effect of inbreeding on the selective value of the different blood group genes. PMID:731016

  1. Full page insight

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cortsen, Rikke Platz

    2014-01-01

    Alan Moore and his collaborating artists often manipulate time and space by drawing upon the formal elements of comics and making alternative constellations. This article looks at an element that is used frequently in comics of all kinds – the full page – and discusses how it helps shape spatio......, something that it shares with the full page in comics. Through an analysis of several full pages from Moore titles like Swamp Thing, From Hell, Watchmen and Promethea, it is made clear why the full page provides an apt vehicle for an apocalypse in comics....

  2. About CABI Full Text

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International( CABI) is a not-for-profit international Agricultural Information Institute with headquarters in Britain. It aims to improve people’s lives by providing information and applying scientific expertise to solve problems in agriculture and the environment. CABI Full-text is one of the publishing products of CABI.CABI’s full text repository is growing rapidly and has now been integrated into all our databases including CAB Abstracts,Global Health,our Internet Resources and Abstract Journals. There are currently over 60,000 full text articles available to access. These documents,made possible by agreement with third

  3. About CABI Full Text

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International(CABI)is a not-for-profit international Agricultural Information Institute with headquarters in Britain.It aims to improve people’s lives by providing information and applying scientific expertise to solve problems in agriculture and the environment.CABI Full-text is one of the publishing products of CABI.CABI’s full text repository is growing rapidly

  4. Cardiac and Pulmonary Function Variability in Duchenne/Becker Muscular Dystrophy: An Initial Report

    OpenAIRE

    Birnkrant, David J.; Ashwath, Mahi Lakshmi; Noritz, Garey H.; Merrill, Michelle C.; Shah, Tushar A.; Crowe, Carol A; Bahler, Robert C.

    2010-01-01

    The Duchenne and Becker forms of muscular dystrophy are associated with dilated cardiomyopathy and are diseases in which pulmonary function peaks, then progressively declines. In this report, we quantify cardiopulmonary function variability among brothers. Brothers in 3 of 7 eligible sibships had discordant pulmonary function, with significant differences between the brothers' peak forced vital capacities and their vital capacities at last comparable age. There was no relationship between pul...

  5. About CABI Full Text

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International(CABI)is a not-for-profit international Agricultural Information Institute with headquarters in Britain.It aims to improve people’s lives by providing information and applying scientific expertise to solve problems in agriculture and the environment.CABI Full-text is one of the publishing products of CABI.CABI’s full text repository is growing rapidly and has now been integrated into all our databases including CAB Abstracts,Global Health

  6. About CABI Full Text

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International(CABI)is a not-for-profit international Agricultural Information Institute with headquarters in Britain.It aims to improve people’s lives by providing information and applying scientific expertise to solve problems in agriculture and the environment.CABI Full-text is one of the publishing products of CABI.CABI’s full text repository is growing rapidly and has now been integrated into all our databases including CAB Abstracts,Global Health,our Internet Resources and Jour-

  7. About CABI Full Text

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International( CABI) is a not-for-profit international Agricultural Information Institute with headquarters in Britain. It aims to improve people’s lives by providing information and applying scientific expertise to solve problems in agriculture and the environment. CABI Full-text is one of the publishing products of CABI.

  8. About CABI Full Text

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International(CABI) is a not-for-profit international Agricultural Information Institute with headquarters in Britain. It aims to improve people’s lives by providing information and applying scientific expertise to solve problems in agriculture and the environment. CABI Full-text is one of the publishing products of CABI.

  9. About CABI Full Text

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International(CABI)is a not-for-profit international Agricultural Information Institute with headquarters in Britain. It aims to improve people s lives by providing information and applying scientific expertise to solve problems in agriculture and the environment. CABI Full-text is one of the publishing products of CABI.

  10. Kino plaadimasinas / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2002-01-01

    Areeni muusikakriitikud kuulavad filmimuusika heliplaate: "O Brother, Where Art Thou?", "The Royal Tenenbaums", "Amelie From Montmartre", "Moulin Rouge", "Training Day", "Mulholland Drive", "Ocean's 11"

  11. Ausambad Newfoundlandi eestisoost seenesõpradele / foto: Helen Spencer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Newfoundlandis asuva Brother Brennan Environmental Education Centre (BBEEC) poolt korraldadavatest seenekursustest, mille õppejõuks kutsuti Newfoundlandis seenehuvilistena tuntud Maria ja Andrus Voitk

  12. All This and Popcorn Too.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenner, Mildred Sandison

    1979-01-01

    Describes efforts of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus Department of Educational Services to promote the integration of circus themes and activities into elementary school curricula. (CMV)

  13. Pop / Tõnis Kahu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kahu, Tõnis, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Chemical Brothers "Brotherhood", Plutonium 74 "Peittoalueen ulkopuolella", Disturbed "Indestructible", Thomas Feiner & Anywhen "The Opiates Revised", DefRage "Save Us from Religion", Kago "Mopskassi maja"

  14. Plate Full of Color

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2008-08-04

    The Eagle Books are a series of four books that are brought to life by wise animal characters - Mr. Eagle, Miss Rabbit, and Coyote - who engage Rain That Dances and his young friends in the joy of physical activity, eating healthy foods, and learning from their elders about health and diabetes prevention. Plate Full of Color teaches the value of eating a variety of colorful and healthy foods.  Created: 8/4/2008 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 8/5/2008.

  15. Multiscale full waveform inversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fichtner, Andreas; Trampert, Jeannot; Cupillard, Paul; Saygin, Erdinc; Taymaz, Tuncay; Capdeville, Yann; Villaseñor, Antonio

    2013-07-01

    We develop and apply a full waveform inversion method that incorporates seismic data on a wide range of spatio-temporal scales, thereby constraining the details of both crustal and upper-mantle structure. This is intended to further our understanding of crust-mantle interactions that shape the nature of plate tectonics, and to be a step towards improved tomographic models of strongly scale-dependent earth properties, such as attenuation and anisotropy. The inversion for detailed regional earth structure consistently embedded within a large-scale model requires locally refined numerical meshes that allow us to (1) model regional wave propagation at high frequencies, and (2) capture the inferred fine-scale heterogeneities. The smallest local grid spacing sets the upper bound of the largest possible time step used to iteratively advance the seismic wave field. This limitation leads to extreme computational costs in the presence of fine-scale structure, and it inhibits the construction of full waveform tomographic models that describe earth structure on multiple scales. To reduce computational requirements to a feasible level, we design a multigrid approach based on the decomposition of a multiscale earth model with widely varying grid spacings into a family of single-scale models where the grid spacing is approximately uniform. Each of the single-scale models contains a tractable number of grid points, which ensures computational efficiency. The multi-to-single-scale decomposition is the foundation of iterative, gradient-based optimization schemes that simultaneously and consistently invert data on all scales for one multi-scale model. We demonstrate the applicability of our method in a full waveform inversion for Eurasia, with a special focus on Anatolia where coverage is particularly dense. Continental-scale structure is constrained by complete seismic waveforms in the 30-200 s period range. In addition to the well-known structural elements of the Eurasian mantle

  16. Kreisbewegung Coming Full Circle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Hartewig

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available Männer und Frauen des deutschen Widerstands und eine Kulturwissenschaftlerin aus der zweiten Generation der Holocaust-Überlebenden sprechen in diesem Buch über das Verhalten der Widerstandskämpfer gegenüber ihren jüdischen Mitbürgern. Im Mittelpunkt der Gruppengespräche steht die Frage, warum die Regime-Gegner die Verfolgung und Vernichtung der Juden in ihrem oppositionellen Handeln ausgeblendet haben.In this book, men and women of the German Resistance talk to a female scholar of cultural studies, belonging to the second generation of Holocaust survivors, about the members of the Resistance’s attitude towards their Jewish fellow citizens. Their group conversations mainly deal with the question why the opponents of the regime marginalized the problem of the prosecution and extermination of the Jews in their oppositional activities.

  17. Full Tolerant Archiving System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapic, C.; Molinaro, M.; Smareglia, R.

    2013-10-01

    The archiving system at the Italian center for Astronomical Archives (IA2) manages data from external sources like telescopes, observatories, or surveys and handles them in order to guarantee preservation, dissemination, and reliability, in most cases in a Virtual Observatory (VO) compliant manner. A metadata model dynamic constructor and a data archive manager are new concepts aimed at automatizing the management of different astronomical data sources in a fault tolerant environment. The goal is a full tolerant archiving system, nevertheless complicated by the presence of various and time changing data models, file formats (FITS, HDF5, ROOT, PDS, etc.) and metadata content, even inside the same project. To avoid this unpleasant scenario a novel approach is proposed in order to guarantee data ingestion, backward compatibility, and information preservation.

  18. Policies for full employment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Koning, Jaap; Layard, Richard; Nickel, Stephen;

    European unemployment is too high, and employment is too low. Over 7½ per cent of Europe's workforce is unemployed, and only two thirds of people aged 15-64 are in work. At the Lisbon summit two years ago the heads of government set the target that by 2010 the employment rate should rise from 64...... per cent to at least 70 per cent. And for older workers between 55 and 64 the employment rate should rise from 38 per cent to at least one half. These are ambitious targets. They will require two big changes: more people must seek work, and among those seeking work a higher proportion must get a job....... So we need higher participation, and (for full employment) we need a much lower unemployment rate. Can it be done? A mere glance at the experience of different European countries shows that it can. As Table 1 shows, four E.U. countries already exceed the overall target for 2010 (Britain, Denmark, the...

  19. Full metal jacket!

    CERN Document Server

    Laëtitia Pedroso

    2011-01-01

    Ten years ago, standard issue clothing only gave CERN firemen partial protection but today our fire-fighters are equipped with state-of-the-art, full personal protective equipment.   CERN's Fire Brigade team. For many years, the members of CERN's Fire Brigade went on call-outs clad in their work trousers and fire-rescue coats, which only afforded them partial protection. Today, textile manufacturing techniques have moved on a long way and CERN's firemen are now kitted out with state-of-the-art personal protective equipment. The coat and trousers are three-layered, comprising fire-resistant aramide, a protective membrane and a thermal lining. The CERN Fire Brigade' new state-of-the-art personal protection equipment. "This equipment is fully compliant with the standards in force and is therefore resistant to cuts, abrasion, electrical arcs with thermal effects and, of course, fire," explains Patrick Berlinghi, the CERN Fire Brigade's Logistics Officer. You might think that su...

  20. SOHO Resumes Full Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-07-01

    SOHO orbit hi-res Size hi-res: 324 kb Credits: SOHO (ESA & NASA) SOHO orbit Because of its static position, every three months the high-gain antenna loses sight of Earth. During this time, engineers will rotate the spacecraft by 180 degrees to regain full contact a few days later. Since 19 June 2003, SOHO's high-gain antenna (HGA), which transmits high-speed data to Earth, has been fixed in position following the discovery of a malfunction in its pointing mechanism. This resulted in a loss of signal through SOHO's usual 26-metre ground stations on 27 June 2003. However, 34-metre radio dishes continued to receive high-speed transmissions from the HGA until 1 July 2003. Since then, astronomers have been relying primarily on a slower transmission rate signal, sent through SOHO's backup antenna. It can be picked up whenever a 34-metre dish is available. However, this signal could not transmit all of SOHO's data. Some data was recorded on board, however, and downloaded using high-speed transmissions through the backup antenna when time on the largest, 70-metre dishes could be spared. SOHO itself orbits a point in space, 1.5 million kilometres closer to the Sun than the Earth, once every 6 months. To reorient the HGA for the next half of this orbit, engineers rolled the spacecraft through a half-circle on 8 July 2003. On 10 July, the 34-metre radio dish in Madrid re-established contact with SOHO's HGA. Then on the morning of 14 July 2003, normal operations with the spacecraft resumed through its usual 26-metre ground stations, as predicted. With the HGA now static, the blackouts, lasting between 9 and 16 days, will continue to occur every 3 months. Engineers will rotate SOHO by 180 degrees every time this occurs. This manoeuvre will minimise data losses. Stein Haugan, acting SOHO project scientist, says "It is good to welcome SOHO back to normal operations, as it proves that we have a good understanding of the situation and can confidently work around it."

  1. Is the association between general cognitive ability and violent crime caused by family-level confounders?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Frisell

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Research has consistently found lower cognitive ability to be related to increased risk for violent and other antisocial behaviour. Since this association has remained when adjusting for childhood socioeconomic position, ethnicity, and parental characteristics, it is often assumed to be causal, potentially mediated through school adjustment problems and conduct disorder. Socioeconomic differences are notoriously difficult to quantify, however, and it is possible that the association between intelligence and delinquency suffer substantial residual confounding. METHODS: We linked longitudinal Swedish total population registers to study the association of general cognitive ability (intelligence at age 18 (the Conscript Register, 1980-1993 with the incidence proportion of violent criminal convictions (the Crime Register, 1973-2009, among all men born in Sweden 1961-1975 (N = 700,514. Using probit regression, we controlled for measured childhood socioeconomic variables, and further employed sibling comparisons (family pedigree data from the Multi-Generation Register to adjust for shared familial characteristics. RESULTS: Cognitive ability in early adulthood was inversely associated to having been convicted of a violent crime (β = -0.19, 95% CI: -0.19; -0.18, the association remained when adjusting for childhood socioeconomic factors (β = -0.18, 95% CI: -0.18; -0.17. The association was somewhat lower within half-brothers raised apart (β = -0.16, 95% CI: -0.18; -0.14, within half-brothers raised together (β = -0.13, 95% CI: (-0.15; -0.11, and lower still in full-brother pairs (β = -0.10, 95% CI: -0.11; -0.09. The attenuation among half-brothers raised together and full brothers was too strong to be attributed solely to attenuation from measurement error. DISCUSSION: Our results suggest that the association between general cognitive ability and violent criminality is confounded partly by factors shared by

  2. Brings the Shackles and Handcuffs to Dance——Brother:Continues to Criticize the National Incorrigibility and Pursues Warmth%带着镣铐舞蹈——《兄弟》:继续国民性批判与追求诗意的温情

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙璐璐

    2008-01-01

    对国民劣根性的关注是余华创作的一贯视角,《兄弟》也是如此.作者将两个时代进行平行叙述、相互比对,流露出对温情的崇尚,同时探求在现实欲望狂潮中当代中国人实现诗意栖居的路径.

  3. No association of maternal gestational weight gain with offspring blood pressure and hypertension at age 18 years in male sibling-pairs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scheers Andersson, Elina; Tynelius, Per; Nohr, Ellen Aagaard;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with birth weight, obesity, and possibly blood pressure (BP) and hypertension in the offspring. These associations may however be confounded by genetic and/or shared environmental factors. In contrast to previous studies based on non......-siblings and self-reported data, we investigated whether GWG is associated with offspring BP and hypertension, in a register-based cohort of full brothers while controlling for fixed shared effects. METHODS: By using Swedish nation-wide record-linkage data, we identified women with at least two male children (full...... brothers) born 1982-1989. Their BP was obtained from the mandatory military conscription induction tests. We adopted linear and Poisson regression models with robust variance, using generalized estimating equations to analyze associations between GWG and BP, as well as with hypertension, within and between...

  4. Group Psychotherapy with Long-Term Inpatients: Application of a Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin-Shelley, Eric; Wendel, Sandra

    1988-01-01

    Describes group psychotherapy at an inpatient, psychiatric hospital serving priests, nuns, and religious brothers. Discusses formation of and differences among four groups: a low-level group for sisters; an interactional group for sisters; a high-level, Gestalt-oriented group for sisters; and an interactional group for priests and brothers. (ABL)

  5. Asperger's in the Holmes family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altschuler, Eric L

    2013-09-01

    I show that Mycroft Holmes (Sherlock Holmes' brother) is a formally described case of Asperger's syndrome a half century before Asperger's description of the syndrome. Further, given the genetic similarity and links between the brothers stated by Sherlock, this also cinches the same diagnosis for Sherlock.

  6. 76 FR 6708 - Orderly Liquidation Termination Provision in Swap Trading Relationship Documentation for Swap...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ... market dislocations resulting from the disorderly insolvency of Lehman Brothers Inc. and its affiliates... exposure to market risk. \\7\\ For example, over two years after the bankruptcy process for Lehman Brothers... reorganization by an ad hoc group of Lehman creditors despite Lehman's filing of a plan of reorganization...

  7. That's Not Montessori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Dane L.

    2009-01-01

    The author could not contain herself one day at school recently when a parent of three children shared something she had heard from her eldest daughter. That morning, the eldest daughter was grumbling about the fact that she and her Lower Elementary brother had to go to school while her Preschool brother did not, and she announced to her mother,…

  8. Maailma börsid uues pöörises / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    USA-st alanud finantskriis kogub uut hoogu. Investeerimispanga Lehman Brothers päästmine ebaõnnestus ning pank palus kohtult pankrotikaitset. Endine USA keskpanga juht Alan Greenspan ennustab veel mitme suur finantsasutuse pankrotti. Vt. samas: Lehman Brothers; Miks aktsiaturud langevad? Diagramm: USA finantskriisi järgmised ohvrid; Virge Lahe. USA finantskriis kergitab laenu hinda ka Eesti pankades

  9. "We Are Not Terrorists," but More Likely Transnationals: Reframing Understandings about Immigrants in Light of the Boston Marathon Bombings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasun, G. Sue

    2013-01-01

    The Boston Marathon bombings in April 2013 created a new kind of discomfort in the United States about "self-radicalized" terrorists, particularly related to Muslim immigrants. The two suspected bombers, brothers with Chechen backgrounds, had attended U.S. public schools. News media portrayed the brothers as "immigrants" and…

  10. 谁是谁?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Tom is a policeman,and his younger brother,Sam.is a college[大学] student.The two brothers go into a restaurant[饭店] to have their lunch.They sit down at a table. Sam says to Tom,“Oh,three of my classmates are here having their lunch.”

  11. Verhoogde prevalentie van aneurysma aortae abdominalis bij broers van patienten met een dergelijk aneurysma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Der Graaf, Y.; Akkersdijk, G.J.M.; Hak, E.; Godaert, G.L.R.; Eikelboom, B.C.

    1999-01-01

    Objective. To determine the prevalance of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in brothers of patients who underwent elective AAA surgery and to determine the psychological distress caused by the screening. Design. Prevalence study. Method. Brothers older than 50 years of patients who underwent elective

  12. Asperger's in the Holmes Family

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altschuler, Eric L.

    2013-01-01

    I show that Mycroft Holmes (Sherlock Holmes' brother) is a formally described case of Asperger's syndrome a half century before Asperger's description of the syndrome. Further, given the genetic similarity and links between the brothers stated by Sherlock, this also cinches the same diagnosis for Sherlock.

  13. Asperger's in the Holmes family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altschuler, Eric L

    2013-09-01

    I show that Mycroft Holmes (Sherlock Holmes' brother) is a formally described case of Asperger's syndrome a half century before Asperger's description of the syndrome. Further, given the genetic similarity and links between the brothers stated by Sherlock, this also cinches the same diagnosis for Sherlock. PMID:23381486

  14. THE IMAGE OF ST. TIKHON ZADONSKY AND HIS WRITINGS IN THE WORKS AND WORLD OUTLOOK OF F. M. DOSTOEVSKY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karpacheva T. S.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the facts allowing to talk about the significance of personality and writings of St. Tikhon (Zadonsky for Dostoevsky. The writer contrasted the image of St. Tikhon with the positive protagonists of modern literature. Dostoevsky used the features of St. Tikhon when creating the images of the bishop (The Obsessed, Father Zosima (The Brothers Karamazov, Makar Dolgoruky (The Adolescent. Dostoevsky's characters and the saint share joyful Easter perception of the world and people.

  15. Wat Bushmen trachten te behouden …: naar aanleiding van "Inalienable possessions: the paradox of keeping-while-giving" van Annette B. Weiner (1992

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Verpoorte

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available This article has a double goal. First, it tries to enlighten key notions in Weiners book: inalienable possessions, brother-sister-relations, hierarchy and equality, cosmological authentication. Second, it relates the paradox of keeping-while-giving to the concept of possession and exchange among Southern African groups of hunters and gatherers. The article aims at clarifying the strengths and weaknesses of this paradox and contributing tot the ethnography of the Bushmen.

  16. Traian Vuia – the Romanian inventor who first flew a powered airplane in 1906

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviu FILIMON

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available As observed the beginning of heavier than air devices started with Wright Brothers who flew in 1903 the first catapulted airplane equipped with an engine, similar to present motor gliders. In March 1906 took place the first flight of Vuia’s monoplane using on board installations. Since then a real competition between manufacturers has started to improve their airplanes as they become more efficient. Traian Vuia’s first flights and his beginnings are explained below.

  17. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfred Hornung

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Forty years after the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the charismatic leader of the civil rights movement, Barack H. Obama was elected the first African American president of the United States of America in 2008. Although U.S. Attorney General Robert Kennedy had predicted in 1961 that a black person could be president like his brother “in the next thirty or forty years,” nobody really expected this kind of victory to come true.

  18. Kirilli ja Methodiuse püha Ukrainas Bessaraabias ja Krimmis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina Anastasova

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The feast of Sts. Cyril and Methodius (May 11–24 and the life and work of the two brothers occupy a central place in the Bulgarian national paradigm. Their life and work are celebrated by all Slavic nations (with different accents and on different dates in the national/church calendars. The feast is celebrated among the Bulgarian Diaspora in Ukraine (the largest Bulgarian community outside Bulgarian boarders and it also has a place in the official state calendar of the country. This paper deals with the celebrations of the feast in Bessarabia (Odessa and Crimea (Sevastopol, Ukraine, among the Bulgarians and Ukrainians; the life stories of the two brothers; interpretations of their origin, works, and significance for the Slavic cultures of both communities (Bulgarians and Ukrainians. The analysis shows the dynamics of interpretations of the lives and work of the two saints in different national paradigms and state priorities.

  19. Opening of “Khusainiya” Madrasah and Its Inner Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharipov Alfit Askhatovich

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article studies the process of organizing the “Khusainiya” madrasah by Khousainov brothers, working on the new methods in Orenburg. The initiator and main trustee of the opening of this institution was the elder brother – Ahmat-bai Khousainov. During the foundation of the madrasah A. Khousainov encountered obstacles from the authorities while buying the land for the new construction. But the merchant was able to achieve separation of the site and constructed the new building for “Khusainiya”. Description of the inner structure of the madrasah supposes a high level of logistical and financial support of this institution. Relevance of studying the history of Muslim educational institutions such as “Khusainiya” madrasah was dictated by the leaders of the Russian system of Islamic education, especially after President Putin’s proposals to restore theological Islamic school on the basis of existing historical experience in our country.

  20. Naturally Full Functors in Nature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A. ARDIZZONI; C. MENINI; S. CAENEPEEL; G. MILITARU

    2006-01-01

    We introduce and discuss the notion of a naturally full functor. The definition is similar to the definition of a separable functor; a naturally full functor is a functorial version of a full functor,while a separable functor is a functorial version of a faithful functor. We study the general properties of naturally full functors. We also discuss when functors between module categories and between categories of comodules over a coring are naturally full.

  1. The Boston Marathon Bombers: the Lethal Cocktail that Turned Troubled Youth to Terrorism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Speckhard

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The Tsarnaev brothers came from the war-torn Chechen diaspora and found asylum in the United States. The elder brother,Tamerlan, carried actual memories of fleeing from the 1994-96 Chechen war. He also lived in Dagestan for a year at the time when the Chechen warlord Basayev was engaging in a campaign of more than thirty suicide attacks, including mass hostage takings. When Tamerlan made it to the United States, he tried to assimilate but failed to make it. The family struggled hard to make a living in the U.S.; but in the end the parents divorced and the father returned to Dagestan. Dzhokhar, the younger brother, made it into an American university but Tamerlan did not succeed in higher education, trying to pursue a boxing career instead. When his immigration status precluded a boxing career, he became disillusioned. Meanwhile his mother, concerned about his descent into smoking marijuana and drinking alcohol, arranged an Islamic tutor for him. The ingredients for the lethal cocktail of terrorism came together when Tamerlan's individual vulnerabilities made him seek online contacts via the Internet and brought him in touch with offline mentors, militants and extremists who glorified Al-Qaeda’s global jihad. Through these channels he became receptive to the terrorist ideology, found a jihadist group with global reach to align with, received technical instructions from the Inspire magazine and found enough support for executing the Boston marathon attack, pulling his younger brother along and dying in the process as he had expected.

  2. Birth order and sibling sex ratio of children and adolescents referred to a gender identity service.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doug P Vanderlaan

    Full Text Available In adult male samples, homosexuality is associated with a preponderance of older brothers (i.e., the fraternal birth order effect. In several studies comparing gender dysphoric youth, who are likely to be homosexual in adulthood, to clinical or non-clinical control groups, the findings have been consistent with the fraternal birth order effect in males; however, less is known about unique sibship characteristics of gender dysphoric females. The current study investigated birth order and sibling sex ratio in a large sample of children and adolescents referred to the same Gender Identity Service (N = 768. Probands were classified as heterosexual males, homosexual males, or homosexual females based on clinical diagnostic information. Groups differed significantly in age and sibship size, and homosexual females were significantly more likely to be only children. Subsequent analyses controlled for age and for sibship size. Compared to heterosexual males, homosexual males had a significant preponderance of older brothers and homosexual females had a significant preponderance of older sisters. Similarly, the older sibling sex ratio of homosexual males showed a significant excess of brothers whereas that of homosexual females showed a significant excess of sisters. Like previous studies of gender dysphoric youth and adults, these findings were consistent with the fraternal birth order effect. In addition, the greater frequency of only children and elevated numbers of older sisters among the homosexual female group adds to a small literature on sibship characteristics of potential relevance to the development of gender identity and sexual orientation in females.

  3. Lack of correlation between pulmonary disease and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator dysfunction in cystic fibrosis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleveland Robert H

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Mutations in both alleles of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene result in the disease cystic fibrosis, which usually manifests as chronic sinopulmonary disease, pancreatic insufficiency, elevated sodium chloride loss in sweat, infertility among men due to agenesis of the vas deferens and other symptoms including liver disease. Case presentation We describe a pair of African-American brothers, aged 21 and 27, with cystic fibrosis. They were homozygous for a rare frameshift mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator 3791delC, which would be expected to cause significant morbidity. Although 80% of cystic fibrosis patients are colonized with Pseudomonas aeruginosa by eight years of age, the older brother had no serum opsonic antibody titer to P. aeruginosa by age 13 and therefore would have failed to mount an effective antibody response to the alginate (mucoid polysaccharide capsule of P. aeruginosa. He was not colonized with P. aeruginosa until 24 years of age. Similarly, the younger brother was not colonized with P. aeruginosa until age 20 and had no significant lung disease. Conclusion Despite a prevailing idea in cystic fibrosis research that the amount of functional cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator predicts clinical status, our results indicated that respiratory disease severity in cystic fibrosis exhibits phenotypic heterogeneity. If this heterogeneity is, in part, genetic, it is most likely derived from genes outside the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator locus.

  4. Full-F gyrofluid model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Jens

    2013-01-01

    A global electromagnetic gyrofluid model based on the full-F gyrokinetic model is derived. The gyrofluid moment variables are not split into fluctuating and equilibrium parts. Profiles are evolved freely, and gyro-averaging operators are not parametrized, but are functions of the gyrofluid moment...... variables. The fluid moment hierarchy is closed by approximating the gyrokinetic distribution function as a finite order Hermite-Laguerre polynomial and by determining closure approximations for terms involving the gyrokinetic gyro-averaging operator. The model exactly conserves the gyrokinetic full-F...

  5. Step up to Full Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Jill; Kindem, Cathy

    2011-01-01

    Elementary students make great scientists. They are natural questioners and observers. Capitalizing on this natural curiosity and wonderment, the authors have developed a method of doing inquiry investigations with students that many teachers have found practical and user friendly. Their belief is that full inquiry lessons serve as a vital method…

  6. Simulating full-waveform LIDAR

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Angela M.

    2009-01-01

    LIDAR (LIght Detection And Ranging) is used to remotely measure the threedimensional shapes and arrangements of objects with high efficiency and accuracy by making precise measurements of time-of-flight of pulses of light. Discrete return LIDAR systems provide a discrete series of elevation points corresponding to reflections from objects in the scene. Full-waveform LIDAR systems measure the intensity of light returned to the sensor continuously over a period of time. Relatively little r...

  7. LHCb : Full Experiment System Test

    CERN Multimedia

    Cattaneo, M

    2009-01-01

    LHCb had been planning to commission its High Level Trigger software and Data Quality monitoring procedures using real collisions data from the LHC pilot run. Following the LHC incident on 19th September 2008, it was decided to commission the system using simulated data. This “Full Experiment System Test” consists of: - Injection of simulated minimum bias events into the full HLT farm, after selection by a simulated Level 0 trigger. - Processing in the HLT farm to achieve the output rate expected for nominal LHC luminosity running, sustained over the typical duration of an LHC fill. - Real time Data Quality validation of the HLT output, validation of calibration and alignment parameters for use in the reconstruction. - Transmission of the event data, calibration data and book-keeping information to Tier1 sites and full reconstruction of the event data. - Data Quality validation of the reconstruction output. We will report on the preparations and results of FEST09, and on the status of commissioning for no...

  8. Full tomography from compatible measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Rehacek, J; Bouchal, Z; Celechovsky, R; Rigas, I; Sanchez-Soto, L L

    2009-01-01

    We put forward a reconstruction scheme prompted by the relation between a von Neumann measurement and the corresponding informationally complete measurement induced in a relevant reconstruction subspace. This method is specially suited for the full tomography of complex quantum systems, where the intricacies of the detection part of the experiment can be greatly reduced provided some prior information is available. In broader terms this shows the importance of \\sugg{this often-disregarded} prior information in quantum theory. The proposed technique is illustrated with an experimental tomography of photonic vortices of moderate dimension.

  9. Global Prospects for Full Employment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivo Šlaus

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The recent international financial crisis highlights the crucial role of employment in human welfare and social stability. Access to remunerative employment opportunities is essential for economic security in a market-based economic system. As the rise of democracy compelled nations to extend the voting right to all citizens, employment must be recognized as a fundamental human right. In total defiance of conventional wisdom, since 1950 job growth has outpaced the explosive growth of population, the rapid adoption of labor-saving technologies, the manifold expansion of world trade, and the dramatic shift from manual labor to white collar work. In an increasingly globalized labor market, current nation-centric theories and models of employment need to be replaced with a human-centered global perspective complemented by new indicators that recognize the central and essential contribution of employment to human economic welfare. Employment and economy are subsets of society and their growth is driven by the more fundamental process of social development. A vast array of unmet social needs combined with an enormous reservoir of underutilized social resources – technological, scientific, educational, organizational, cultural and psychological – can be harnessed to dramatically expand employment opportunities and achieve full employment on a global basis. This paper examines the theoretical basis, policy issues and strategies required to eradicate unemployment nationally and globally.

  10. Achieving and sustaining full employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, S M

    1995-01-01

    Human rights and public health considerations provide strong support for policies that maximize employment. Ample historical and conceptual evidence supports the feasibility of full employment policies. New factors affecting the labor force, the rate of technological change, and the globalization of economic activity require appropriate policies--international as well as national--but do not invalidate the ability of modern states to apply the measures needed. Among these the most important include: (I) systematic reduction in working time with no loss of income, (2) active labor market policies, (3) use of fiscal and monetary measures to sustain the needed level of aggregate demand, (4) restoration of equal bargaining power between labor and capital, (5) social investment in neglected and outmoded infrastructure, (6) accountability of corporations for decisions to shift or reduce capital investment, (7) major reductions in military spending, to be replaced by socially needed and economically productive expenditures, (8) direct public sector job creation, (9) reform of monetary policy to restore emphasis on minimizing unemployment and promoting full employment. None are without precedent in modern economies. The obstacles are ideological and political. To overcome them will require intellectual clarity and effective advocacy. PMID:7499512

  11. Full-bridge capacitive extensometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Randall D.

    1993-08-01

    Capacitive transducers have proven to be very effective sensors of small displacements, because of inherent stability and noninvasive high resolution. The most versatile ones have been those of a differential type, in which two elements are altered in opposite directions in response to change of the system parameter being monitored. Oftentimes, this differential pair has been incorporated into a bridge circuit, which is a useful means for employing synchronous detection to improve signal to noise ratios. Unlike previous differential capacitive dilatometers which used only two active capacitors, the present sensor is a full-bridge type, which is well suited to measuring low-level thermal expansions. This analog sensor is capable of 0.1 μm resolution anywhere within a range of several centimeters, with a linearity of 0.1%. Its user friendly output can be put on a strip chart recorder or directed to a computer for sophisticated data analysis.

  12. Full-quantum light diode

    CERN Document Server

    Ghobadi, Roohollah

    2015-01-01

    Unidirectional light transport in one-dimensional nanomaterials at the quantum level is a crucial goal to achieve for upcoming computational devices. We here employ a full-quantum mechanical approach based on master equation to describe unidirectional light transport through a pair of two-level systems coupled to a one-dimensional waveguide. By comparing with published semi-classical results, we find that the nonlinearity of the system is reduced, thereby reducing also the unidirectional light transport efficiency. Albeit not fully efficient, we find that the considered quantum system can work as a light diode with an efficiency of approximately 60%. Our results may be used in quantum computation with classical and quantized light.

  13. Rectilinear Full Steiner Tree Generation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zachariasen, Martin

    1999-01-01

    The fastest exact algorithm (in practice) for the rectilinear Steiner tree problem in the plane uses a two-phase scheme: First, a small but sufficient set of full Steiner trees (FSTs) is generated and then a Steiner minimum tree is constructed from this set by using simple backtrack search, dynamic...... programming, or an integer programming formulation. FST generation methods can be seen as problem-reduction algorithms and are also useful as a first step in providing good upper and lower bounds for large instances. Currently, the time needed to generate FSTs poses a significant overhead for FST-based exact...... algorithms. In this paper, we present a very efficient algorithm for the rectilinear FST generation problem which removes this overhead completely. Based on information obtained in a preprocessing phase, the new algorithm grows FSTs while applying several new and important optimality conditions. For randomly...

  14. FULL TERM EXTRAUTERINE ABDOMINAL PREGNANCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neetu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Extrauterine abdominal pregnancy is extremely rare and is frequently missed during antenatal care, despite the routine use of obstetrics ultrasound. A 23 year old primigravida at 39 weeks of gestation was admitted to the department on December 2 , 2012, in routine hour with transverse lie with oligohydramnios. On examination her vitals and laboratory investigation were within normal limits . One of the ultrasonographic scanning done by radiologist at 35 wk. 3 days gestation demonstrated a single live intrauterine fetus of CGA 33 wk. 1 day with transverse lie , fundal gr II placenta and AFI - 10 cm. Ultrasonography done at the department on the day of admission demonstrated single live intrauterine fetus with transverse lie and AFI - 3.8 cm and EFW 2.4 Kg and placenta was right anterior.. She was planned for elective caesarean section on account of transverse lie and oligohydramnios at term. At laparotomy the following findings were made: Secondary abdominal pregnancy arising from right tubal ectopic rupture and making pseudogesta tional sac with meconium stained liquor. Omentum , right tube and ovary were adhered to sac. The uterus and left tube and ovary were healthy and normal . Other abdominal organs were normal. A 1.5 Kg live male baby with good Apgar score and incompletely formed mandible extracted from pseudo gestational sac. There was significant bleeding from pseudogestational sac and patient went in shock during intraoperative period. One unit whole blood transfused during intraoperative period. Placenta was adherent to the pseudogestational sac so Psudogestational sac was removed with placenta in situ and right sided salpingo - o ophrectomy was also done due to their adherence. Hemostasis was secured. The patient and baby progressed well and were discharged on the seventh postoperative day

  15. Uued plaadid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Ivo Linna & Rock Hotel "Kõva ketas", Hendrik Sal-Saller "1994-1996", Chemical Brothers "Surrender", Mike & The Mechanics "M6", Bomfunk Mc"s "In Stereo", Jamiroquai "Synkronized"

  16. Xeroderma Pigmentosum- Eye Changes

    OpenAIRE

    Bhaduri Gautam; Banerjee Anita

    2002-01-01

    Xeroderma pigmentosum is a rare hereditary and fatal disease of the skin. Ocular involvement is known to occur in 80% of cases. Two brothers of a family with cutaneous and ocular involvement are reported.

  17. Langenud Gorilla / Kertu Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Kertu, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 24. sept. lk. 8-9. USA investeerimispanga Lehman Brothers tegevjuhist Dick Fuldist. Vt. samas: Richard S. Fuld: CV; Ameerika unistuste täitja: vendade investeerimispank; Taust; Kommenteerivad: Madis Toomsalu ja Jonathan Well

  18. Rapitav sõna : Igakuine hip-hopi infopunkt / Kozy

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozy, pseud.

    1999-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Snoop Dogg "No Limit Top Dogg", Public Enemy "There's A Poison Goin" On"", RZA "Hits", Missy Misdemeanor Elliott "Da Real World", Insane Clown Posse "The Amazing Jeckel Brothers"

  19. 76 FR 59750 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Options Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing of Amendment No. 1...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... liquidation period and reduced execution risk. During Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc.'s liquidation...), 76 FR 46867 (August 3, 2011). \\4\\ The proposed rule change as originally filed would revise OCC...

  20. Annie on rahast täitsa lage / Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokk, Aavo, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Aasta tagasi pankrotistunud investeerimispangast Lehman Brothers, selle kasvust ja langusest. Maailmakuulus fotograaf Annie Leibovitz, kes ei suutnud tasuda 24 mln. kroonist laenu, peab hakkama oma varasid müüma

  1. Plaadid : Pop & rock / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Chemical Brothers "Come With Us", Air "Everybody Hetrz", "The Greatest Love Songs Ever", Nightlight Duo "Jäljed liival", closer To heaven ئ original Cast Recording, Sophie Ellis-Bextor "Read My Lips", Andreas Johnson "Deadly Happy"

  2. Then & Now: Research Pays Off for All Americans / The Fight against Infectious Killers in the Developing World

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in New Orleans on December 17, 1886, the youngest of nine brothers and sisters. She and her sister, Daisy, six years older, lived into their 90s. Their seven siblings – Claude, Stella May, Claudia, "infant daughter, unnamed," Pearl, ...

  3. Epilepsy phenotypes in siblings with Norrie disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okumura, Akihisa; Arai, Eisuke; Kitamura, Yuri; Abe, Shinpei; Ikeno, Mitsuru; Fujimaki, Takuro; Yamamoto, Toshiyuki; Shimizu, Toshiaki

    2015-11-01

    Norrie disease is an X-linked recessive disorder that is characterized by congenital blindness. Although epileptic seizures are observed in some patients with Norrie disease, little is known about this phenomenon. Here, we report the manifestation of epilepsy in siblings with Norrie disease to increase our knowledge of epilepsy in this condition. Three brothers with congenital blindness were diagnosed with Norrie disease after genetic analyses indicated the deletion of exon 2 of the NDP gene. The eldest brother had suffered from epileptic seizures since the age of 11years, and his seizures were resistant to antiepileptic drugs. Although the second brother had no epileptic seizures, the youngest sibling had experiences epileptic seizures since the age of 8years. His seizures were controlled using lamotrigine and levetiracetam. An electroencephalography (EEG) revealed epileptiform discharges in the occipital areas in all three brothers. A study of these patients will increase our knowledge of epilepsy in patients with Norrie disease. PMID:25944760

  4. On the Move to Better Heart Health for African Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... or applicant for employment because of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Therefore, the National Heart, ... men, 55 years or older for women) ❑ Family history— • Father or brother with heart disease before age ...

  5. The Chicana and the Women's Rights Movement: A Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nieto, Consuelo

    1974-01-01

    Discusses the sensitive and difficult position of the Chicano woman who is concerned with supporting her brother's efforts to attain social equality, but who is also striving to secure her own social equality and personal fulfillment. (Author/SF)

  6. Am I in a Healthy Relationship?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... mind when your little brother finishes all the ice cream or your English teacher chooses the one day ... think about whether your relationship has these seven qualities: Mutual respect. Does he or she get how ...

  7. USA suurpanga krahh mõjutab siiski ka Eestit / Helga Koger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koger, Helga, 1945-

    2008-01-01

    USA suuruselt neljas investeerimispank Lehman Brothers andis kohtusse avalduse pankrotimenetluseks. Endise Hansapanga juhatuse esimees Erkki Raasuke ei näe emapank Swedbanki positsioonidest tulenevalt Eesti või Balti pangandusega mingeid seoseid. Lisa: Lehmaniga seotud varad

  8. Siblings of Schizophrenia Patients At Greater Risk for Same Diagnosis: Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_161091.html Siblings of Schizophrenia Patients at Greater Risk for Same Diagnosis: Study ... People who have a brother or sister with schizophrenia are 10 times more likely to develop the ...

  9. Kuula. Kuu artist Carla Bruni. Kuu plaat / Mart Juur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juur, Mart, 1964-

    2008-01-01

    Lauljast Carla Brunist. Heliplaatidest: "Mamma mia", The Feeling "Join With Us", The Chemical Brothers "Brotherhood", Pia Fraus "Ten Remixes of Yenissey", Katy Perry "One of the Boys", Lady Gaga "The Fame"

  10. Congenital hypothyroidism, spiky hair, and cleft palate.

    OpenAIRE

    Bamforth, J S; Hughes, I A; Lazarus, J. H.; Weaver, C. M.; P.S. Harper

    1989-01-01

    Two brothers are described with athyroidal hypothyroidism, spiky hair, choanal atresia, cleft palate, and bifid epiglottis. Polyhydramnios was present in the third trimester of each pregnancy. These abnormalities appear to represent a new syndrome.

  11. Syndromic association of cleft palate, bilateral choanal atresia, curly hair, and congenital hypothyroidism.

    OpenAIRE

    Buntincx, I M; Van Overmeire, B; Desager, K; Van Hauwaert, J

    1993-01-01

    We describe a patient with the unusual association of cleft palate, bilateral choanal atresia, curly hair, and congenital hypothyroidism. This association has been reported before in two brothers and may represent a new syndrome.

  12. Popmuusika / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Yeah Yeah Yeahs "Show Your Bones", Cesaria Evora "Rogamar", Aqua Bassino "Rue De Paris", A-Rühm "Leegion", Prefuse 73 "Security Screenings", Bauchklang "Vocal Groove Project", Scala & Kolancy Brothers "Grezenlos"

  13. James Blunt matuselaulude edetabeli tipus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Bereavement Registeri andmetel Suurbritannias matustel tellitavate laulude edetabelis: James Blunt "Goodbye My Lover", Robbie Williams "Angels", Jennifer Warnes ja Bill Medley "I've Had the Time Of My Life", Elton John "Candle in the Wind", Righteous Brothers "Unchained Melody"

  14. 28 CFR 570.42 - Non-medical escorted trips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... member of an inmate's immediate family. For purposes of this rule, immediate family refers to mother, father, brother, sister, spouse, children, step-parents, and foster parents. (2) Non-emergency,...

  15. Plaadid / Heili Vaus-Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaus-Tamm, Heili, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Andras Schiff "Goldberg Variations", Yes "Remixes", "Chill: Brasil 2", "The Fighting Temptations soundtrack", Wheatus "Hand Over Your Loved Ones", Peaches "Fatherfucker", Chemical Brothers "Singles 93-03"

  16. Signs of Drug Abuse and Addiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Download "I feel so helpless against his addiction." Matt's brother Stephen is addicted to meth. Matt wants to help Stephen, but he isn't sure how. Read Matt's story About the National Institute on Drug Abuse ( ...

  17. Gazing at the starry heavens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoskin, Michael

    2016-02-01

    Caroline Herschel escaped domestic drudgery for a singing career, yet found satisfaction and success through astronomy, both assisting her brother William and nephew John and in her own right. Michael Hoskin surveys her life and achievements.

  18. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Little Brother "The Minstrel Show", Jackson and his Computer Band "Smash", Matthew Herbert "Plat du Jour", Porn Sword Tobacco "Explains Freedom", Jamiroquai "Dynamite", Ryan Adams and the Cardinals "Jacksonville City Nights", The Dandy Warhols "Odditorium", Neil Young "Prairie Wind"

  19. Prostate Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... prostate cancer increases as men get older. Family history of prostate cancer A man whose father, brother, ... some foods, such as green vegetables, beans and orange juice. Folic acid is a man-made form ...

  20. Uued heliplaadid / Koit Raudsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsepp, Koit

    1999-01-01

    Uute heliplaatide tutvustus : Peshay "Miles From Home", kogumik "Essential Selection Presents Human Traffic", Great White "Can"t Get There From Here", Ratt "Ratt", RZA "The RZA Hits", Insane Clown Posse "The Amazing Jackal Brothers"

  1. Temperature profiles from XBT casts from the GULF TRADER as part of the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction (MARMAP) project from 01 August 1973 to 13 September 1973 (NODC Accession 7301164)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profiles were collected from XBT casts from the GULF TRADER from 01 August 1973 to 13 September 1973. Data were collected by Lyke Brothers Lines as part...

  2. If One Utters Swear Words in a Drunken State, It Is Difficult to Pinpoint Who Is Being Sworn at——Explorations on the woman being scolded by Jiao Da when he accused her of "adultery with her younger brother-in-law"%愤懑始吐醉秽语乱点桑槐辨识难——焦大"养小叔子"詈骂对象真情探赜

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志尧

    2007-01-01

    焦大醉骂的"养小叔子"所指对象究竟为何人,学界虽稽考多年,终归是识见驳杂,迄无定论.实质上,这是老义仆对贾府不肖子孙怒其不争的情况下,以酒遮面所爆出的诟谇谣诼之词.对于所揭抛的性丑闻来说,既无法肯定其有,亦难以否认其无,是作者假醉汉之口所施放的一束难以厘定坐实的警世烟云,藉以拓展读者自由想象的空间.此举是其"假作真时真亦假,无为有处有还无"之惯用写作手法的成功范例.

  3. 晚清光绪季年的“己亥建储”丑剧和爱新觉罗·溥儁的“大阿哥”之“立”与“废”%The Farce of "to Establish a Crown Prince in the Year of Yi Hai" and the "Enthroning" and "Dethroning" of the "Big Brother" Pu Chun · Aixinjueluo in Late Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴仁安

    2014-01-01

    戊戌变法失败后,光绪帝虽然形同囚徒,但慈禧太后总感到他还占着皇位.为了杜绝光绪帝的东山再起,慈禧太后册立端郡王载漪的儿子溥儁为“大阿哥”,尔后即导演了一幕“已亥建储”的丑剧.端郡王载漪等顽固派利用义和团仇恨洋人的心理,怂恿义和团为他们火中取栗.故在义和团运动失败后,慈禧对于载漪一家人的宠信一落千丈了,载漪及其胞弟镇国公载澜均被处以“夺爵”和发往新疆充军,而在光绪二十七年(1901年)十月“两宫”自西安还都(北京)途中行至开封时,慈禧又下了道谕旨撤销了溥儁的“大阿哥”名号.出宫后的溥儁,身遭冷遇,又无力自谋生活出路,于是积忧成疾,迨至1942年他终于病死在其内兄塔王府侧栖身的小屋之中.

  4. A Comparison Study of Writing of Cross-strait "Sister Alliance"——Setting "Bloom Season" and "Old Friends in Shore", "Summer Vacation" and "Brothers" as Examples%两岸“姐妹同盟”书写的比较研究——以《花开时节》和《海滨故人》、《暑假中》、《弟兄们》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢艳芳

    2014-01-01

    “姐妹同盟”的书写是女性文学的主题之一.两岸同为“姐妹同盟”的书写有相同,也有不同,这样的比较有利于读者对两岸“姐妹同盟”的书写有一个较全面的认识.同时“姐妹同盟”的书写关注了女性心理,丰富女性文学的创作,并推动女性文学不断发展.

  5. Oudere broers en zussen van mensen met een verstandelijke beperking : een groepsportret.

    OpenAIRE

    Dijk, Jongerius van

    2005-01-01

    This study investigated the experiences of elderly brothers and sisters of living with a mentally retarded sibling. As a child, respondents helped their parents with their mentally retarded sibling. The respondents suffered from this caretaking in their youth. In adulthood, the parents passed on the responsibility for the handicapped child mostly to the youngest child in the family. They now act as contacts for the institutions where the mentally retarded sibling lives. The other brothers and...

  6. Relación Henry-William James y repercusiones en la obra del novelista

    OpenAIRE

    Álvarez Calleja, María Antonia

    1989-01-01

    According to Henry James's biographers, there was a clear sibling rivalry between him and his brother. The young Henry could not compete with William because of his own mild character, nor accompany him in the boys' games, always presided by his eider brother. The novelist could yet remember, at the end of his life, William's insult: "I play with boys who curse and swear," while with a mixture of affection and praise, describes the philosopher in his autobiography as a distant and elusive ...

  7. 短文六则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王天和

    2012-01-01

    A①"I don’t think anyone has to be concerned that you can’t learn the social skills you need to get along with other students in school without brothers or sisters,"said one person from the study team."Anyone who can’t talk with brothers or sisters at home gets a lot of opportunities to develop social skills as they go to school."②The study was carried out in America.

  8. Osteosarcoma complicating familial Paget's disease.

    OpenAIRE

    Brenton, D P; Isenberg, D. A.; Bertram, J.

    1980-01-01

    A most unusual family with aggressive Paget's disease is reported. Three brothers out of 10 siblings developed the disease at a relatively early age. Two of these brothers developed an osteosarcoma and died. It is emphasized that very little information is available concerning the predisposition to severe polyostotic disease and even sarcomatous change when Paget's disease begins at a young age or is familial. Possibly the risk of these serious complications is then greater than when the dise...

  9. La Country : histoire d'une renaissance

    OpenAIRE

    Chastagner, Claude

    2007-01-01

    Old-time music is becoming an increasing force within mainstream country music. Ob the wake of the Coen Brothers' blockbuster O Brother, a renewed interest for traditional American music, from folk to bluegrass, is sweeping the country, attracting a younger, more feminine audience. After having mapped out the various territories and eras of classic country music, this paper explores the nostalgic and religious dimensions of the current revival and analyzes the changes it triggered in the econ...

  10. 聪明的小女孩(俄罗斯传说)%The Wise Little Girl (A Russian Tale)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Once upon a time.. in the immense Russian steppe, lay a little village where nearly all the inhabitants bred horses. It was the month of October, when a big livestock market was held yearly in the main town. Two brothers, one rich and the other one poor, set off for market. The rich man rode a stallion1, and the poor brother a young mare.

  11. Analýza vývoje derivátových trhů v průběhu finanční krize

    OpenAIRE

    Zikmund, Michal

    2011-01-01

    The aim of my final thesis is the derivatives markets development analysis during financial crisis. Through basic problems with derivatives accounts of Lehman Brothers we can assess needs of standardization and transparency in area of derivatives instruments with such result which has minimal impact for liquidity on derivatives market. In the next step, there was analyzed year 2008 alone because of bankruptcy announcement of Lehman Brothers and therefore was analyzed impact on derivatives pro...

  12. Familial bulbospinal neuronopathy with optic atrophy: a distinct entity.

    OpenAIRE

    Paradiso, G; Micheli, F.; Taratuto, A L; Parera, I C

    1996-01-01

    A 61 year old woman and her 58 year old brother presented with the clinical picture of late onset progressive bulbar and spinal muscular atrophy with family history of involvement in successive generations. The sister also had optic neuropathy and the brother developed diabetes mellitus and sex hormone abnormalities. Neurophysiological and histopathological studies showed a pattern of motor and sensory neuronopathy. There was no abnormal expansion of CAG repeats in the androgen receptor gene....

  13. Ultrasound-triggered drug release from vibrating microbubbles

    OpenAIRE

    Luan, Ying

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Diagnostic medical ultrasound may have a slightly longer history than what you expected. Its root dates back to 1930s and 1940s, when Theodore Dussik, a psychiatrist and neurologist, and his brother Friederich used a 1.5 MHz source to record signal variations after transmitting the wave through the human brain. Although these images were later shown to measure the skull bone attenuation instead of brain ventricles as the Dussik brothers had believed, it was one of...

  14. Does Women’s Preference for Highbrow Culture Begin in the Family?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jæger, Mads Meier; Katz-Gerro, Tally

    2015-01-01

    participation among brothers and sisters from the same family and report three findings: (1) gender differences in highbrow leisure participation are largely unrelated to family background, (2) there is little evidence that parents engage in gender-specific cultural socialization, and (3) socioeconomic position...... and family obligations account for less than 20% of brother-sister differences in highbrow leisure participation. Our results suggest that gender differences in highbrow leisure participation originate in factors outside the family....

  15. 爱永恒%Only Love Lasts Forever

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Yesterday, after telling my brother,Rhys, and me to stop playing like wild animals in the house for what she said was the thousandth time,Mom went to take a bath.That's when it happened.We were playing around,bopping each other with pillows,when one slipped from my brother's grasp and smashed the glass dome on the coffee table,shattering it into a zillion pieces!

  16. Mom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明; 李晓芸

    2005-01-01

    I was only two and a half when my real mom died. One morning, My brothers and I went to wake her up, but sht wouldn't answer us. When she didn't tespond(应答;响应)to our calls, my oldest brother, Shane, got my dad. The last thing Iremember about my real mom was watching the ambulance(救护车) taking her away from us.

  17. Rare association of turner syndrome with neurofibromatosis type 1 and tuberous sclerosis complex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suttur Malini

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a rare association of Turner syndrome with both Neurofibromatosis type I and Tuberous Sclerosis. The patient had XO karyotype with Turners stigmata and also had features of Neurofibromatosis 1 in the form of significant cafe-au-lait spots and Plexiform neurofibroma along with typical features of Tuberous Sclerosis complex. Pedigree analysis revealed that the elder brother of the proband in the family also suffered from Tuberous Sclerosis without the manifestation of Neurofibromatosis or any other genetic disorders. We hypothesize that these associations could be due to new independent mutations and also increased maternal and paternal age in a pre-disposition of Turner syndrome.

  18. ECONOMIC CRISIS IMPLICATIONS ON PAEDIATRIC POPULATION’S HEALTH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina-Costina LUCA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Once the global economic crisis occurred, shortly after the collapse of Lehman Brothers, trillions of dollars were lost on the stock exchange, hundreds of banks and investment funds in the US went bankrupt and thousands of companies were forced to declare bankruptcy. Its effects were felt then, in very short time also in Romania, following that in 2009, Romania went officially in recession. Beyond the financial implications the crisis has on the whole activity, regardless of the field, the economic and financial effects of the crisis on health and health policies can have very long term consequences.

  19. Word-of-Mouth Recruiting: Why Small Businesses Using This Efficient Practice Should Survive Disparate Impact Challenges Under Title VII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobin M. Nelson

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Joe’s Widget Company, a sole proprietorship specializing in manufacturing and selling widgets to businesses and consumers, operates in a small community in the Midwest. Joe started the company eighteen years ago out of his own garage with a five thousand dollar loan from his father and a single employee in his brother. Within two decades, Joe’s had sales exceeding four million dollars annually and sold its widgets to customers in three different countries and twelve states. With twenty-one employees, Joe’s had become one of the community’s fifteen largest employers.

  20. Imbert-Vier Simon, Tracer des frontières à Djibouti : Des territoires et des hommes aux xixe et xxe siècles, Paris, Karthala, 2011, 479 pp. + 40 maps and plans + 9 graphs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiferaw Bekele

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Suddenly, in 1998, the brotherly and friendly states of Eritrea and Ethiopia went into a bloody two-year war that stunned the world by its ferocity, the extent of human casualties and the destruction of resources. One of the root causes was the boundary between the two countries, which was never demarcated. But this was not the first boundary war in the troubled Horn of Africa. In 1964 and again in 1977-8, Somalia launched war on Ethiopia; the latter was massive and bloody. Much later, Eritre...

  1. COCKAYNE SYNDROME: REPORT OF TWO CASES WITHIN A FAMILY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mohammadi

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available The clinical and phenotypic features of two siblings (a 12 years old girl and her 7 year old brother with Cockayne syndrome are described. The main problems were mild to moderate mental retardation, dwarfism, clumsy gait, photosensitive skin lesions and progeroid (senile like appearance. Brain CT - scans revealed symmetrical, well defined areas of calcification mainly located at lenticular nuclei, in both patients. Vie brainstem auditory responses also showed increased hearing thresholds and absolute wave latencies, that were more prominent in the older sister. The older patient had a healthy twin sister with normal mental function and phenotypic appearance.

  2. That good old mix of killer stereotypes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Crémieux

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The word is out : the Coen brothers showed far less scruples than their criminal characters ever did at the idea of killing off such a charming, cookie‑baking old lady of a film. But what is it exactly they have done to crush out the genuine sense of good‑natured fun the goofily scary characters of the original Ladykillers gave out when faced with stronger than they could match ? Some have lauded Tom Hanks’ performance, fewer have suggested a certain long windedness to his Mark Twain flavored...

  3. Tamaño de Familia y Orden de Nacimiento en Chile: Usando Gemelos como Experimento Natural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Sanhueza

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available This study estimates the causal effect of family size and birth order on educational attainment of individuals in the long run. Following recent literature we use the presence of twins as an instrumental variable for family size and fixed effects model for birth order. The results suggest that in Chile there is a negative relationship between family size and individuals’ educational achievements. Moreover, it shows a strong significant and positive effect of being a big brother. However, in larger families there is a nonlinear effect in which middle siblings are less favored.

  4. Atresia in the esophagus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crisanto Abad Celuria

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Esophageal atresia is the congenital lack of continuity of the esophagus with or without communication to the airway. Incidence is estimateed in 1 by 3000 to 4500 alive newborns. Cases in brothers are found and children of parents with atresia esophagus, nevertheless not a hereditary is recognized; also there is a greater frequency in twins. We presented the Good Clinical Practices Guideline for Esophageal atresia, approved by consensus in the 2nd National Good Clinical Practices Workshop in Pediatric Surgery (Manzanillo, Cuba, September 31 - October 3, 2002.

  5. Die konsep van eer as sleutel tot die interpretasie van Psalm 133

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. J. Botha

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available The concept of honour as a key to the interpretation of Psalm 133 Despite the fact that its text is quite straightforward, the imagery of Psalm 133, combined with its brevity, poses some interpretational problems. In this paper it is proposed that consideration of the role played by the societal core value of honour in Israel can throw some light on the questions about the relationship between and the combined meaning of images such as that of brothers living together, oil running down from the beard of Aaron, and Yahweh�s commanding of blessing from Zion.

  6. Piezas de mobiliario y decoración en escayola intarsiada, firmadas por Antonio y Vicente Marzal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutiérrez Pastor, Ismael

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available A first approach to the study of inlay plasterwork (Italian scagliola in Spain, and the Marzal brothers, Valencian artists active during the first half of the 19th century who worked for Carlos IV and Fernando VII.

    Primera aproximación al estudio de la escayola (“scagliola” en España y a los hermanos Marzal, artistas valencianos de la primera mitad del siglo XIX que trabajaron para los reyes Carlos IV y Fernando VII.

  7. Hb D/Talassemia beta associada à anemia crônica Hb D/ Beta thalassaemia associated with chronic anaemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo C. Naoum

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available We describe a case of Hb D/Beta thalassemia associated with chronic anemia. Hematological analyses performed in a patient with chronic anemia demonstrating microcytosis and hypochromic in his erythrocytes. Specific laboratory diagnosis performed by alkaline and acid electrophoresis, and fetal determination by alkali resistance, indicated it to be Hb D associated with beta thalassemia. Analyses carried out on his family (father, mother and brother confirmed the suspected diagnosis. Hb D/Beta thalassemia is a very rare interaction in the Brazilian population, and its determination required specific laboratorial techniques and hematological analyses.

  8. The necessity of conflict resolving in the contemporary world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krel Aleksandar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Whether collective or among individuals, conflicts between people are their doom, their fate and represent their dark side. Many people are marked by this ill fate, in a similar way as Cain was imprinted by the seal for the murder of his own brother. This well-known story from the Old Testament of Cain and Abel tells us about the basic matrix of every human conflict: emerged out of jealousy and various other problems, a conflict situation arises between the two sides, whereas the parties involved are not able to overcome it, and in time, this situation grows into an open conflict ending up in a tragedy.

  9. Krabbe disease – An unusual presentation of optic nerve enlargement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Kaloianova

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Krabbe disease is an autosomal recessive leukodystrophy that presents clinically with regression of milestones, excessive irritability and inconsolable crying. The pathologic basis of the disease is abnormal myelin metabolism resulting from a deficiency in the galactocerebrosidase enzyme with subsequent white matter destruction. Although optic atrophy is a classic presentation of Krabbe disease, we report on two patients who are biological brothers presenting with optic nerve enlargement in addition to other typical magnetic resonance imaging features of Krabbe disease, thereby confounding the initial diagnosis.

  10. Acute myocardial infarction in a 28 year man with familial hypercholesterolemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Al Montasir

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Familial hypercholesterolemia is a single gene disorder. It has autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. We report a 28-year-old man who presented with acute myocardial infarction. He had xanthomas and an elevated serum low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C. His only sibling, 32-year-old brother have similar cutaneous lesions and lipid profile. His mother and maternal uncle died at a young age due to myocardial infarction. This report is to emphasize the need to clinically recognize xanthomas and its familial inheritance with elevated LDL-C, premature atherosclerosis. Early diagnosis and early initiation of treatment will save the affected individual and the other family members.

  11. Familial incidence of pseudopelade of brocq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharma D

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Pseudopelade of Brocq is an asymptomatic, beginning insidiously with small, white, depressed, bald spots, devoid of normal hair that mark the borders of some of the earlier lesions with atrophy and minimal perifollicular erythema, if at all. We report here a family of 3 members (2 brothers and 1 sister with similar findings of cicatricial alopecia for more than 10 years duration but without any cause which may lead to scarring and loss of hair of primary type of pseudopelade. To the best of our knowledge no familial incidence of pseudopelade has been reported any where in the literature so far.

  12. The Slavic genitive singular as the subject of participles in –no- and –to-

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William R. Schmalstieg

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Hirt, 1934, 119, notes the use of the genitive case in Indo-European as the sub­ ject of a passive participle and gives the examples Greek 'von Gott gegeben', poetic 'erschlagen von Ai', Sanskrit patjuh krītā 'vom Gatten gekauft', tā asja prājah srštāh 'die von ihm geschaffenen Wesen' . The use of the genitive case as the subject of the Lithuanian -t- participles is well known. Cf. , e.g. , Tà knygà bùvo brólio pérskaityta ' the book was read (through by the brother'.

  13. Die Johannese Logos kom opnuut tuis in Afrika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. du Rand

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available The Johannine Logos once again comes home in Africa In many parts of Africa people are still staggering under the burden of colonialism, civil wars, illnesses, drought, famine, poverty and corruption, to name but a few. On the other hand, one should also take notice of the warmth of its variety of peoples, the family and community values and the promotion of mutual care. Who is Jesus in the midst of all this? Jesus has many faces in Africa, like being the master of initiation, the chief, the ancestor and elder brother, the healer and the liberator from suffering, to name some.

  14. A rare case of familial reactive perforating collagenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajesh Verma

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A 4 year old boy presented with history of itchy raised lesions on body of 2 years duration. Though parental consanguinity was not present, his elder brother had similar complaints. Dermatological examination revealed multiple hyperpigmented papules with a central keratotic plug distributed mainly over face and extensors of upper and lower extremities. Koebnerisation was present. Skin biopsy revealed perforating collagen bundles in the upper dermis and epidermis which was confirmed by Van Gieson staining. Patient was being treated with topical retinoids and intralesional corticosteroids with minimal relief.

  15. Acción laboral, represión policial y asesinato en tiempos de régimen militar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Torres Montenegro

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the assault suffered by a group of workers in 1972 in a sugar cane farm known as Las Matipurana, in the city of Escada, Pernambuco, Brasil. The main target of this violence were the brothers Luís Inocêncio Barreto, José Inocêncio Barreto y João Inocêncio Barreto, who were the leaders of la legal action against the farmer under the Labour Law. After winning the suit these workers were persecuted by the farmer and the police and military authorities.

  16. Unusual Respiratory Manifestations in Two Young Adults with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Lemay

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Adult respirologists are often involved in the evaluation and treatment of young adult patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. In this context, the most frequent respiratory complication is nocturnal and daytime hypoventilation related to respiratory muscle weakness. The present article describes cases of Duchenne muscular dystrophy involving two brothers, 17 and 19 years of age, respectively, who presented with less frequently reported respiratory complications of their disease: obstructive sleep apnea and Cheyne-Stokes respiration with central apnea, which were believed to be partially or completely related to congestive cardiomyopathy.

  17. Sindrome de Van der Knaap megalencefalia com leucodistrofia: a respeito de dois casos na mesma família Van Der Knaap syndrome (megalencephaly with leukodystrophy: report of two cases in the same family

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARLOS EDUARDO CAVALCANTI

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available Relatamos os casos de dois irmãos, com quatro e seis anos de idade, com achados característicos da síndrome de Van Der Knaap. Discutimos os seus aspectos clínicos e radiológicos, assim como suas peculiaridades. Comparamos aos dados da literatura e analisamos os possíveis mecanismos etiopatogênicos envolvidos.We report on two brothers, aged four and six years-old, evidencing the Van Der Knaap syndrome. Clinical and radiological aspects are discussed as well their peculiarities. Data are compared with related literature, as etiopathogenic mechanisms possibly involved.

  18. The Big Failure: Lehman Brothers’ Effects On Global Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umar Burkhanov

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This research will detail the causes of the Lehman collapse, how it relates to the financial crisis that first emerged in 2008, and how it triggered other countries into global rescission both by looking at the internal happenings of Lehman within the US  market as well as the effects of the crisis on global markets.  The research will present a series of recommendations and investment strategies that could be used to take advantage of the current situations in global markets and derive lessons from the fall of Lehman brothers.

  19. Distrofia miotónica o enfermedad de Steinert: estudio clínico-histopatológico de tres casos de una família

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin B. Spota

    1955-09-01

    Full Text Available Case report of three brothers with dystrophia myotonica or myotonia atrophica presenting some interesting aspects. On genetical field the authors note the coexistence of a disembrioplastic blastoma factor and homocronism. Likewise, authors note the constancy of the crystalline alterations, besides that there is no sterility as pointed by the clinical descriptions; the histopathological findings were inespecific but of a wide diagnostic value. The authors make some therapeutics remarks, specially about the use of ACTH and desoxycorticosteroids, associated with vitamins and hepatic extracts. The good indication of this therapeutic is, clinically and histopathologically, confirmed by the demonstration of muscular regeneration, finding of practic and theoretic interest.

  20. Down syndrome child with 48,XXY,+21 karyotype

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cyrus Cyril

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Cytogenetic analysis in 60 clinically suspected cases of Down syndrome and their parents was carried out using conventional Giemsa-trypsin-banding technique. Fifty-five individuals (91% exhibited a free trisomy 21. Robertsonian translocations were seen in three cases and two cases exhibited a normal karyotype. A four-month-old child, the second-born of non-consanguineous parents, possessed an extra X chromosome in addition to trisomy 21. The proband′s parents and his brother showed a normal karyotype. The phenotypic characteristics of this child have been discussed in the light of the published reports on double aneuploidies of XXY and trisomy 21.

  1. Pachyonychia congenita with woolly hair in a ten month old infant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehsani Amirhushang

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A 10-month-old female presented with severe progressive wedge-shaped thickening and discoloration of all twenty nails. Further evaluations revealed palmoplantar keratoderma along with recurrent acral blisters causing residual crusted ulcers which were present during the past six months. Other findings included scalp kinky hair and dental caries. Past medical and family history had remarkable findings such as natal teeth and similar skin lesions in her older brother since his infancy. The patients′ clinical presentations and history are compatible with pachyonychia congenita presenting with concomitant features of both subtypes 1 and 2.

  2. Huntington′s disease in all (three siblings and their one parent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koul Roshan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Three siblings (two girls and one boy and their father are reported who developed Huntington′s disease (HD. The two girls had onset at less than six years of age, while the boy started with symptoms at 12 years of age. The girl, the child number two, has expired and the youngest one is in a vegetative state. The elder brother is still mildly affected. The disease presented in a severe form and early in the females while it remained mild and presented late in the males. This is a rare disease involving all the three surviving siblings and their father. The diagnosis was confirmed after genetic testing.

  3. From the JIBC Editor - in - Chief

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikhil Agarwal

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Oh My God!! These were the expressions of peop le when they watch twin tower fall seven years back. I noticed the similar faces few days back when two giants of finance industry Lehman Brothers and Merril Lynch fall because of financial crisis. Last editorial I talked about 3F crisis, however, it appea rs financial crisis will swallow other two. However, Feds have given lease of life by providing cash - injection to crumbling markets. Is the federal intervention considered a step towards nationalizing financial institutions? Is it considered healthy to mon itor the free market economy? Some academics may say, this is how communism started. Strong statement uhh!!

  4. Academic Journal Embargoes and Full Text Databases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Sam

    2003-01-01

    Documents the reasons for embargoes of academic journals in full text databases (i.e., publisher-imposed delays on the availability of full text content) and provides insight regarding common misconceptions. Tables present data on selected journals covering a cross-section of subjects and publishers and comparing two full text business databases.…

  5. Achieving single channel, full duplex wireless communication

    KAUST Repository

    Choi, Jung Il

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses the design of a single channel full-duplex wireless transceiver. The design uses a combination of RF and baseband techniques to achieve full-duplexing with minimal effect on link reliability. Experiments on real nodes show the full-duplex prototype achieves median performance that is within 8% of an ideal full-duplexing system. This paper presents Antenna Cancellation, a novel technique for self-interference cancellation. In conjunction with existing RF interference cancellation and digital baseband interference cancellation, antenna cancellation achieves the amount of self-interference cancellation required for full-duplex operation. The paper also discusses potential MAC and network gains with full-duplexing. It suggests ways in which a full-duplex system can solve some important problems with existing wireless systems including hidden terminals, loss of throughput due to congestion, and large end-to-end delays. Copyright 2010 ACM.

  6. Can Sibling Sex Ratios Be Used as a Valid Test for the Prenatal Androgen Hypothesis of Autism Spectrum Disorders?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keely Cheslack-Postava

    Full Text Available Sibling sex ratios have been applied as an indirect test of a hypothesized association between prenatal testosterone levels and risk for autism, a developmental disorder disproportionately affecting males. Differences in sibling sex ratios between those with and without autism would provide evidence of a shared risk factor for autism and offspring sex. Conclusions related to prenatal testosterone, however, require additional assumptions. Here, we used directed acyclic graphs (DAGs to clarify the elements required for a valid test of the hypothesis that sibling sex ratios differ between children with and without autism. We then conducted such a test using a large, population-based sample of children.Over 1.1 million subjects, born in California from 1992-2007, and identified through birth records, were included. The association between autism diagnosis, determined using the administrative database of the California Department of Developmental Services, and the sex of the subsequent sibling was examined using generalized estimating equations. Sources of potential bias identified using DAGs were addressed.Among male children with autism, 52.2% of next-born siblings were brothers, versus 51.0% for unaffected males. For females with autism, 50.2% of following siblings were brothers versus 51.2% among control females. The relative risk of a subsequent male sibling associated with autism diagnosis was 1.02 (95% confidence interval: 0.99, 1.04.In a large, population-based sample we failed to find evidence suggesting an excess of brothers among children with autism while controlling for several threats to validity. This test cannot rule out a role of any given exposure, including prenatal testosterone, in either risk of autism or offspring sex ratio, but suggests against a common cause of both.

  7. Full Employment and the Welfare State

    OpenAIRE

    Lindbeck, Assar

    2012-01-01

    The modern welfare state and full-employment policies have common intellectual roots. In the 1930s and 1940s, Keynesian visions of full employment and Beveridge-inspired ideas of a universal welfare state grew up in about the same intellectual environment. Both ideas emphasized a government’s responsibility for the welfare of its citizens. The two ideas were also projected by approximately the same individuals. From the very beginning, welfare-state arrangements and full-employment policies w...

  8. Why Online Education Will Attain Full Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sener, John

    2010-01-01

    Online higher education has attained scale and is poised to take the next step in its growth. Although significant obstacles to a full scale adoption of online education remain, we will see full scale adoption of online higher education within the next five to ten years. Practically all higher education students will experience online education in…

  9. Adulthood and mental illness in full inclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claus Dieter Stobäus

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The article reweaves the information included in Bins’ Master Dissertation discussions with his guide Stobäus and with Mosquera, centered in interfaces between Special Education and Full Inclusion, more in direction of the constitution of adult with mental deficiency and the relationship with learning, at the modality of teaching at Adolescent and Adult Education.

  10. The Weaknesses of Full-Text Searching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beall, Jeffrey

    2008-01-01

    This paper provides a theoretical critique of the deficiencies of full-text searching in academic library databases. Because full-text searching relies on matching words in a search query with words in online resources, it is an inefficient method of finding information in a database. This matching fails to retrieve synonyms, and it also retrieves…

  11. Tree patterns with full text search

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.H. Peetz; M. Marx

    2010-01-01

    Tree patterns with full text search form the core of both XQuery Full Text and the NEXI query language. On such queries, users expect a relevance-ranked list of XML elements as an answer. But this requirement may lead to undesirable behavior of XML retrieval systems: two queries which are intuitivel

  12. Ultra low power full adder topologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moradi, Farshad; Wisland, Dag T.; Mahmoodi, Hamid;

    In this paper several low power full adder topologies are presented. The main idea of these circuits is based on the sense energy recovery full adder (SERF) design and the GDI (gate diffusion input) technique. These subthreshold circuits are employed for ultra low power applications. While the pr...

  13. Väike mos'-naine. Ühe (muinasjutu lugu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aado Lintrop

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available In the summer of 1979 I taped a number of fairy-tales and stories in the northeastern corner of Mansiland in the village of Sukerya. As I had no experience whatsoever of transcribing texts at that time, I asked a student of the Leningrad Pedagogical Institute, Klavdia Sainakhova, who was in her homevillage at that time, to transcribe some of the more interesting stories so I could later translate them.I gave the tapes to the Archive, but the story of a strange hand with a bell stayed in my mind. Who was that strange Hand With a Bell who troubled the sister while the brother was hunting? I know that in Mansi stories the hero is often depicted by some characteristic feature or sign that within a cultural group should be enough to indentify him. For example in that same year, 1979, I collected a story, the main characters of which were Lungs - khopsi. I was explained that they are to be taken as a thin person perspiring in the sun. But about the Hand with a bell nobody could or wanted to say anything. While translating the story I got at first the impression that it depicts the relationship between two different groups. The sister, who belongs to the mos'- moiety, sits at home and sews good thing of sable, waiting for a suitor. Then comes a man who is symbolized by a hand with a bell and shows that the sister had timed to stop taking care of her brother. But the brother does not want to give up his sister, hides himself and chops off the suitor's hand. This is followed by revenge from the Hand with a bell or his relatives. The chain of actions is started by the brother that broke the unwritten law.In the folklore of the nations of the world it is common that the plot of a fairy-tale or legend is concentrated around marrying, often taking the hero either to faraway lands or the supernatural world. From these we can feel the world conception of small tribes of exogamously related hunter cultures where in the central position were all kinds of

  14. Auditory Neuropathy in Two Patients with Generalized Neuropathic Disorder: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Ahmadi

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Although it is not a new disorder, in recent times we have attained a greater understanding of auditory neuropathy (AN. In this type of hearing impairment, cochlear hair cells function but AN victims suffer from disordered neural transmission in the auditory pathway. The auditory neuropathy result profile often occurs as a part of that of the generalized neuropathic disorders, indicated in approximately 30-40% of all reported auditory neuropathy/auditory dyssynchrony (AN/AD cases, with approximately 80% of patients reporting symptom onset over the age of 15 years. In the present report, the results of audiologic tests (behavioral, physiologic and evoked potentials on two young patients with generalized neuropathy are discussed.Case report: Two brothers, 26 and 17 years old, presented with speech perception weakness and movement difficulties that started at 12 years of age and progressed as time passed. In their last examination, there was a moderate to severe flat audiogram in the older patient and mild low tone loss in the younger one. The major difficulty of the patients was severe speech perception impairment that was not compatible with their hearing thresholds. Paresthesia, sural muscle contraction and pain, and balance disorder were the first symptoms of the older brother. Now he can only move with crutches and his finger muscle tonicity has decreased remarkably, with marked fatigue after a short period of walking. Increasing movement difficulties were noted in his last visit. Visual neuropathy had been reported in repeated visual system examinations for the older brother, with similar, albeit less severe, symptoms in the younger brother.In the present study of these patients, behavioral investigations included pure-tone audiometry and speech discrimination scoring. Physiologic studies consisted Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emission (TEOAE and acoustic reflexes. Electrophysiologic auditory tests were also performed to determine

  15. Agency Full Time Equivalency Reporting System

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — AFTERS provides an automated means for the Agency to report its full time equivalency work years to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and Office of...

  16. Full CI benchmark calculations on CH3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Taylor, Peter R.

    1987-01-01

    Full CI calculations have been performed on the CH3 radical. The full CI results are compared to those obtained using CASSCF/multireference CI and coupled-pair functional methods, both at the equilibrium CH distance and at geometries with the three CH bonds extended. In general, the performance of the approximate methods is similar to that observed in calculations on other molecules in which one or two bonds were stretched.

  17. Measurements on full scale megawatt turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Christian

    2014-01-01

    In the DANAERO MW project measurements on full scale megawatt wind turbines were carried out. The result of the measurements is a valuable database supporting the validation and further development of simulation models for design of new wind turbines......In the DANAERO MW project measurements on full scale megawatt wind turbines were carried out. The result of the measurements is a valuable database supporting the validation and further development of simulation models for design of new wind turbines...

  18. Practical, real-time, full duplex wireless

    KAUST Repository

    Jain, Mayank

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a full duplex radio design using signal inversion and adaptive cancellation. Signal inversion uses a simple design based on a balanced/unbalanced (Balun) transformer. This new design, unlike prior work, supports wideband and high power systems. In theory, this new design has no limitation on bandwidth or power. In practice, we find that the signal inversion technique alone can cancel at least 45dB across a 40MHz bandwidth. Further, combining signal inversion cancellation with cancellation in the digital domain can reduce self-interference by up to 73dB for a 10MHz OFDM signal. This paper also presents a full duplex medium access control (MAC) design and evaluates it using a testbed of 5 prototype full duplex nodes. Full duplex reduces packet losses due to hidden terminals by up to 88%. Full duplex also mitigates unfair channel allocation in AP-based networks, increasing fairness from 0.85 to 0.98 while improving downlink throughput by 110% and uplink throughput by 15%. These experimental results show that a re- design of the wireless network stack to exploit full duplex capability can result in significant improvements in network performance. © 2011 ACM.

  19. Full scale solvent extraction remedial results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sevenson Extraction Technology, Inc. has completed the development of the Soil Restoration Unit (initially developed by Terra-Kleen Corporation), a mobile, totally enclosed solvent extraction treatment facility for the removal of organic contaminated media is greater by a closed loop, counter current process that recycles all solvents. The solvents used are selected for the individual site dependant upon the contaminants, such as PCB's, oil, etc. and the soil conditions. A mixture of up to fourteen non-toxic solvents can be used for complicated sites. The full scale unit has been used to treat one superfund site, the Traband Site in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and is currently treating another superfund site, the Pinette's Salvage Yard Site in Washburn, Maine. The full scale Soil Restoration Unit has also been used at a non-superfund site, as part of a TSCA Research and Development permit. The results from these sites will be discussed in brief herein, and in more detail in the full paper

  20. Biclique cryptanalysis of the full AES

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogdanov, Andrey; Khovratovich, Dmitry; Rechberger, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Since Rijndael was chosen as the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), improving upon 7-round attacks on the 128-bit key variant (out of 10 rounds) or upon 8-round attacks on the 192/256-bit key variants (out of 12/14 rounds) has been one of the most difficult challenges in the cryptanalysis of block...... ciphers for more than a decade. In this paper, we present the novel technique of block cipher cryptanalysis with bicliques, which leads to the following results: The first key recovery method for the full AES-128 with computational complexity 2126.1. The first key recovery method for the full AES-192...... with computational complexity 2189.7. The first key recovery method for the full AES-256 with computational complexity 2254.4. Key recovery methods with lower complexity for the reduced-round versions of AES not considered before, including cryptanalysis of 8-round AES-128 with complexity 2124.9. Preimage search...

  1. Comparing Partial and Full Return Spectral Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İhsan Haluk Akın

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available An analysis on the arithmetic complexity of recently proposed spectral modular arithmetic – in particular spectral modular multiplication- is presented through a step-by-step evaluation. Standart use of spectral methods in computer arithmetic instructs to utilize separated multiplication and reduction steps taking place in spectrum and time domains respectively. Such a procedure clearly needs full return (forward and backward DFT calculations. On the other hand, by calculating some partial values on-the-fly, new methods adopt an approach that keeps the data in the spectrum at all times, including the reduction process. After comparing the timing performances of these approaches, it is concluded that full return algorithms perform better than the recently proposed methods.

  2. Full quivers of representations of algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Belov-Kanel, Alexei; Vishne, Uzi

    2011-01-01

    We introduce the notion of the full quiver of a representation of an algebra, which is a cover of the (classical) quiver, but which captures properties of the representation itself. Gluing of vertices and of arrows enables one to study subtle combinatorial aspects of algebras which are lost in the classical quiver. Full quivers of representations apply especially well to \\Zcd\\ algebras, which have properties very like those of finite dimensional algebras over fields. By choosing the representation appropriately, one can restrict the gluing to two main types: {\\it Frobenius} (along the diagonal) and, more generally {\\it proportional} Frobenius gluing (above the diagonal), and our main result is that any representable algebra has a faithful representation described completely by such a full quiver. Further reductions are considered, which bear on the polynomial identities.

  3. Full discharges in Fermilab's electron cooler

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fermilab's 4.3 MeV electron cooler is based on an electrostatic accelerator, which generates a DC electron beam in an energy recovery mode. Effective cooling of the antiprotons in the Recycler requires that the beam remains stable for hours. While short beam interruptions do not deteriorate the performance of the Recycler ring, the beam may provoke full discharges in the accelerator, which significantly affect the duty factor of the machine as well as the reliability of various components. Although cooling of 8 GeV antiprotons has been successfully achieved, full discharges still occur in the current setup. The paper describes factors leading to full discharges and ways to prevent them

  4. DYNAMIC BANDWIDTH ALLOCATION ALGORITHM UTILIZING FULL BAND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Han Guodong; Wen Jianhua; Wu Jiangxing

    2006-01-01

    A kind of Dynamic Full Bandwidth Utilized (DFBU) allocation algorithm is introduced. This algorithm allows a single link to use bandwidth far beyond its fair share bandwidth in a multi-service packet transporting system. Three important parameters as the bound on maximum and minimum bandwidth, the maximum packet delay and the minimum band width utilization are discussed and analyzed. Results of experiments show that the DFBU-algorithm is capable of making a single link in the system to use all the spare bandwidth (up to full-bandwidth) while the performance of fairness and QoS requirement is still guaranteed.

  5. A new concept of full employment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Delsen, L.W.M.

    1996-01-01

    The target of full employment depends upon the goals regarding labour force participation rates, the length of the workweek and the frictional unemployment. Although nearly all social groups agree that stronger economic growth would contribute most towards solving the unemployment problem, the prosp

  6. Reconfigurable Full-Page Braille Displays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garner, H. Douglas

    1994-01-01

    Electrically actuated braille display cells of proposed type arrayed together to form full-page braille displays. Like other braille display cells, these provide changeable patterns of bumps driven by digitally recorded text stored on magnetic tapes or in solid-state electronic memories. Proposed cells contain electrorheological fluid. Viscosity of such fluid increases in strong electrostatic field.

  7. On the Specification of Full Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Okika, Joseph; Ravn, Anders Peter; Fenech, Stephen;

    2009-01-01

    Contracts specify properties of an interface to a software component. We consider the problem of de ning a full contract that speci es not only the normal behaviour, but also special cases and tolerated exceptions. In this paper we focus on the behavioural properties of use cases taken from the C...

  8. Full Text Journal Subscriptions: An Evolutionary Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luther, Judy

    1997-01-01

    Provides an overview of companies offering Web accessible subscriptions to full text electronic versions of scientific, technical, and medical journals (Academic Press, Blackwell, EBSCO, Elsevier, Highwire Press, Information Quest, Institute of Physics, Johns Hopkins University Press, OCLC, OVID, Springer, and SWETS). Also lists guidelines for…

  9. Full scale prototype laboratory for architecture students

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eekhout, A.C.J.M.; Van Swieten, P.M.J.

    2011-01-01

    Innovation in prefabrication with new technologies in product development of building components together with the important role materialization is playing in the education of architectural engineers and building technology designers are the main motifs for full scale material prototyping in the Ma

  10. Ultralow Thermal Conductivity in Full Heusler Semiconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Jiangang; Amsler, Maximilian; Xia, Yi; Naghavi, S. Shahab; Hegde, Vinay I.; Hao, Shiqiang; Goedecker, Stefan; OzoliĆš, Vidvuds; Wolverton, Chris

    2016-07-01

    Semiconducting half and, to a lesser extent, full Heusler compounds are promising thermoelectric materials due to their compelling electronic properties with large power factors. However, intrinsically high thermal conductivity resulting in a limited thermoelectric efficiency has so far impeded their widespread use in practical applications. Here, we report the computational discovery of a class of hitherto unknown stable semiconducting full Heusler compounds with ten valence electrons (X2Y Z , X =Ca , Sr, and Ba; Y =Au and Hg; Z =Sn , Pb, As, Sb, and Bi) through high-throughput ab initio screening. These new compounds exhibit ultralow lattice thermal conductivity κL close to the theoretical minimum due to strong anharmonic rattling of the heavy noble metals, while preserving high power factors, thus resulting in excellent phonon-glass electron-crystal materials.

  11. Role of Honesty in Full Implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Matsushima, Hitoshi

    2007-01-01

    This paper introduces a new concept of full implementation that takes into account agents’ preferences for understanding how the process works. We assume that the agents have intrinsic preferences for honesty in the sense that they dislike the idea of lying when it does not influence their welfare but instead goes against the intention of the central planner. We show that the presence of such preferences functions effectively in eliminating unwanted equilibria from the practical perspective, ...

  12. "Role of Honesty in Full Implementation"

    OpenAIRE

    Hitoshi Matsushima

    2007-01-01

    This paper introduces a new concept for full implementation that takes into account agents' preferences for understanding how the "process" works. We assume that the agents have an intrinsic preference for honesty in the sense that they dislike the idea of lying when it does not influence their welfare but instead goes against the intention of the principal. We show that the presence of such preferences functions very effectively in eliminating unwanted equilibria from the practical perspecti...

  13. Full-waveform inversion: Filling the gaps

    KAUST Repository

    Beydoun, Wafik B.

    2015-09-01

    After receiving an outstanding response to its inaugural workshop in 2013, SEG once again achieved great success with its 2015 SEG Middle East Workshop, “Full-waveform inversion: Filling the gaps,” which took place 30 March–1 April 2015 in Abu Dhabi, UAE. The workshop was organized by SEG, and its partner sponsors were Saudi Aramco (gold sponsor), ExxonMobil, and CGG. Read More: http://library.seg.org/doi/10.1190/tle34091106.1

  14. SVD Analysis of Full Wave Inversion

    OpenAIRE

    F Watson and WRB Lionheart

    2014-01-01

    Full-wave inversion (FWI) is an imaging approach in which we find thequantitative subsurface parameters (such as the dielectric permittivity) whichwould best fit the recorded GPR data. This optimisation problem isnonlinear and ill-posed, and there have been numerous successes inapplying FWI to GPR data. The dominant propertiesof the FWI inversion process can be observed in the Jacobian matrix ofpartial derivatives of the forward map for each acquisition system. Here, weuse singular value d...

  15. The Full Function Test Explosive Generator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reisman, D B; Javedani, J B; Griffith, L V; Ellsworth, G F; Kuklo, R M; Goerz, D A; White, A D; Tallerico, L J; Gidding, D A; Murphy, M J; Chase, J B

    2009-12-13

    We have conducted three tests of a new pulsed power device called the Full Function Test (FFT). These tests represented the culmination of an effort to establish a high energy pulsed power capability based on high explosive pulsed power (HEPP) technology. This involved an extensive computational modeling, engineering, fabrication, and fielding effort. The experiments were highly successful and a new US record for magnetic energy was obtained.

  16. The Full Cost of Intercity Highway Transportation

    OpenAIRE

    David Levinson; David Gillen

    1997-01-01

    In this paper we review the theoretical and empirical literature on the cost structure of the provision of intercity highway transportation and specify and estimate our own cost functions . We develop a full cost model which identifies the key cost components and then estimate costs component by component: user costs, infrastructure costs, time and congestion costs, noise costs, accident costs, and pollution costs. The total long run average cost is $0.34 per vehicle kilometer traveled. The s...

  17. The Full Cost of Air Travel

    OpenAIRE

    David Gillen; David Levinson

    1999-01-01

    In this paper we review the theoretical and empirical literature on the cost structure of the provision of air transportation and specify and estimate our own cost functions. We develop a full cost model which identifies the key cost components and then we measure those costs component by component: user costs, carrier costs, infrastructure costs, time and congestion costs, noise costs, accident costs, and pollution costs. Applying the models to data for domestic air travel in the California ...

  18. Full Amalgamation Classes with Intrinsic Transcendentals

    OpenAIRE

    Brody, Justin

    2015-01-01

    We develop some basic results about full amalgamation classes with intrinsic trascendentals. These classes have generics whose models may have finite subsets whose intrinsic closure is not contained in its algebraic closure. We will show that under fairly natural conditions the generic will have an essentially undecidable theory, but we will also exhibit strictly superstable and strictly simple examples. Separating types over a model into those that are intrinsic and those that are extrinsic,...

  19. Full duplex communication using visible light

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Yongchao; Li, Yuanhang; Gao, Xumin; Yuan, Jialei; Zhu, Hongbo; Wang, Yongjin

    2016-01-01

    In this work, we propose, fabricate and characterize a full duplex communication system using visible light on a single chip. Both the suspended p-n junction InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well (MQW) devices and the suspended waveguides are obtained on a GaN-on-silicon platform by wafer-level processing. Two suspended p-n junction InGaN/GaN MQW devices that can both emit and detect light simultaneously are connected using suspended waveguides to form an in-plane visible light communication (VLC) system. The light that is emitted from one suspended p-n junction InGaN/GaN MQW device can induce a current in the device located at the other end of the waveguide via in-plane light coupling, thus leading to full duplex communication using visible light. This proof-of-concept in-plane VLC system paves the way towards the implementation of a full duplex communications system operating at the same frequency using visible light on a single chip.

  20. Full Spark框架扰动的定理%Theorems on Perturbation of Full Spark Frames

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚飞; 杨守志

    2015-01-01

    框架扰动理论是框架研究中的一个活跃分支,本文针对Full Spark框架的扰动问题,首先研究了框架的扰动性质,并说明框架与Full Spark框架区别.然后讨论Full Spark框架扰动问题,给出了Full Spark框架扰动的定理.最后,进一步研究了在算子意义下Full Spark框架的一些等价性质.