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Sample records for bronchoepithelium egfp expression

  1. Successful expression of heterologous egfp gene in the mitochondria of a photosynthetic eukaryote Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Zhangli; Zhao, Zhonglin; Wu, Zhihua; Fan, Zhun; Chen, Jun; Wu, Jinxia; Li, Jiancheng

    2011-09-01

    The efficient expression of exogenous gene in mitochondria of photosynthetic organism has been an insurmountable problem. In this study, the pBsLPNCG was constructed by inserting the egfp gene into a site between TERMINVREP-Left repeats and the cob gene in a fragment of mitochondrial DNA of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii CC-124 and introduced into the mitochondria of respiratory deficient dum-1 mutation of C. reinhardtii CC-2654. Sequencing and DNA Southern analyses revealed that egfp gene had been integrated into the mitochondrial genome of transgenic algae as expected and no other copy of egfp existed in their nucleic genome. Both the fluorescence detection and Western blot analysis confirmed the presence of eGFP protein in the transgenic algae; it indicated that the egfp gene was successfully expressed in the mitochondria of C. reinhardtii. PMID:21664493

  2. Using the Tg(nrd:egfp/albino zebrafish line to characterize in vivo expression of neurod.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer L Thomas

    Full Text Available In this study, we used a newly-created transgenic zebrafish, Tg(nrd:egfp/albino, to further characterize the expression of neurod in the developing and adult retina and to determine neurod expression during adult photoreceptor regeneration. We also provide observations regarding the expression of neurod in a variety of other tissues. In this line, EGFP is found in cells of the developing and adult retina, pineal gland, cerebellum, olfactory bulbs, midbrain, hindbrain, neural tube, lateral line, inner ear, pancreas, gut, and fin. Using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, we compare the expression of the nrd:egfp transgene to that of endogenous neurod and to known retinal cell types. Consistent with previous data based on in situ hybridizations, we show that during retinal development, the nrd:egfp transgene is not expressed in proliferating retinal neuroepithelium, and is expressed in a subset of retinal neurons. In contrast to previous studies, nrd:egfp is gradually re-expressed in all rod photoreceptors. During photoreceptor regeneration in adult zebrafish, in situ hybridization reveals that neurod is not expressed in Müller glial-derived neuronal progenitors, but is expressed in photoreceptor progenitors as they migrate to the outer nuclear layer and differentiate into new rod photoreceptors. During photoreceptor regeneration, expression of the nrd:egfp matches that of neurod. We conclude that Tg(nrd:egfp/albino is a good representation of endogenous neurod expression, is a useful tool to visualize neurod expression in a variety of tissues and will aid investigating the fundamental processes that govern photoreceptor regeneration in adults.

  3. Gene gun bombardment-mediated expression and translocation of EGFP-tagged GLUT4 in skeletal muscle fibres in vivo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritzen, Hans P M M; Reynet, Christine; Schjerling, Peter;

    2002-01-01

    the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) labelling technique with physical transfection methods in vivo: intramuscular plasmid injection or gene gun bombardment. During optimisation experiments with plasmid coding for the EGFP reporter alone EGFP-positive muscle fibres were counted after collagenase...... treatment of in vivo transfected flexor digitorum brevis (FDB) muscles. In contrast to gene gun bombardment, intramuscular injection produced EGFP expression in only a few fibres. Regardless of the transfection technique, EGFP expression was higher in muscles from 2-week-old rats than in those from 6-week......-old rats and peaked around 1 week after transfection. The gene gun was used subsequently with a plasmid coding for EGFP linked to the C-terminus of GLUT4 (GLUT4-EGFP). Rats were anaesthetised 5 days after transfection and insulin given i.v. with or without accompanying electrical hindleg muscle stimulation...

  4. Stable EGFP Gene Expression in C6 Glioma Cell Line after Transduction with HIV-1-based Lentiviral Vector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Gui-shan; LIU Fu-sheng; CHAI Qi; WANG Jian-jao; LI Jun-hua

    2008-01-01

    Objective:To establish a stable C6/EGFP glioma cell line for studies on glioma. Methods:The C6 glioma cell line was transfected with the human immunodeficiency virus type Ⅰ(HIV-1)based lentivirus vector containing two enhancer-promoters CMV and EF1α.Enhanced green fluorescent protein(EGFP)-positive C6 cells were sorted out by fluorescence-activated cell sort.Expression of EGFP was observed by fluorescent microscopy.EGFP gene in C6 genome was assessed by Polymerase chain reaction(PCR)and DNA sequencing.Original and transfected cells were compared biologically and cytomorphologically. Results:Lentivirus vector transfection produced up to 40% EGFP-positive cells.After fluorescence-activated cell sort selection,a pure cell line C6/EGFP was established.PCR and DNA sequencing revealed integration of EGFP gene in C6 cell genome.Analysis of cell characteristics revealed no difference between transfected and original cells. Conclusion:A C6/EGFP cell line expressing EGFP as a marker is established,in which the EGFP gene is integrated into the genome.This cell line can be served as a promising tool for further basic research and gene therapy studies.

  5. Effects of clinorotation on COL1A1- EGFP gene expression

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    DAI; Zhongquan; LI; Yinghui; DING; Bai; ZHANG; Yuguo; LIU

    2004-01-01

    Bone-formation related gene plays a critical role in bone loss induced by space microgravity, however the exact mechanism is unclear. In this study, we aim to investigate the effect of microgravity on the activity of α 1(I) collagen (COL1A1) gene promoter and the expression of osteoblast-related genes. COL1A1 promoter was digested by restriction enzymes resulting in three DNA fragments. The fragments were ligated with the enhanced green fluorescent protein report gene, and subcloned into expression vectors. ROS17/2.8 cells transfected by these vectors were screened by G418, and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) positive colonies were isolated and cultured under clinostat condition. EGFP and Collagen type I expression level were detected by fluorescence intensity analysis and immunocytochemistry methods respectively. The results showed that the expression of EGFP and collagen type I was increased 24 h, 48 h after the cells were cultured under stimulated microgravity, illustrating that the activity of COL1A1 promoter might be increased. In conclusion, osteoblasts can compensatively increase the expression of type I collagen by enhancing the activity of COL1A1 promoter under short-term simulated microgravity conditions.

  6. The effect of housing temperature on the growth of CT26 tumor expressing fluorescent protein EGFP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuzhakova, Diana V.; Shirmanova, Marina V.; Lapkina, Irina V.; Serebrovskaya, Ekaterina O.; Lukyanov, Sergey A.; Zagaynova, Elena V.

    2016-04-01

    To date, the effect of housing temperature on tumor development in the immunocompetent mice has been studied on poorly immunogenic cancer models. Standard housing temperature 20-26°C was shown to cause chronic metabolic cold stress and promote tumor progression via suppression of the antitumor immune response, whereas a thermoneutral temperature 30-31°C was more preferable for normal metabolism of mice and inhibited tumor growth. Our work represents the first attempt to discover the potential effect of housing temperature on the development of highly immunogenic tumor. EGFP-expressing murine colon carcinoma CT26 generated in Balb/c mice was used as a tumor model. No statistically significant differences were shown in tumor incidences and growth rates at 20°C, 25°C and 30°C for non-modified CT26. Maintaining mice challenged with CT26-EGFP cells at 30°C led to complete inhibition of tumor development. In summary, we demonstrated that the housing temperature is important for the regulation of growth of highly immunogenic tumors in mice through antitumor immunity.

  7. [Construction of ADAMTS13-pEGFP-N1 vector and its expression in HeLa cells].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Jing; Ma, Zhen-Ni; Su, Jian; Ruan, Chang-Geng

    2013-02-01

    This study was aimed to construct a pEGFP-N1 vector of von Willebrand factor cleaving protease (ADAMTS13, a disintegrin and metalloprotease with a thrombospondin type 1 motifs 13) so as to pave the way for further studying its synthesis and secretion. Human full-length cDNA sequence of ADAMTS13 was acquired by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with Phusion(®) High-Fidelity (NEB), then the PCR product was double digested with EcoRI and XhoI. After digestion, the ADAMTS13 cDNA sequence was purified and recombined with the pEGFP-N1 vector. The DNA sequence analysis showed that ADAMTS13 was ligated to the pEGFP-N1 vector correctly. After transient expression in HeLa cells, the expression of EGFP could be detected by fluorescent microscopy, and the expression of ADAMTS13 protein could be detected by SDS-PAGE and Western blot. It is concluded that the ADAMTS13-pEGFP-N1 vector is successfully constructed, and it can be widely used in further research on the mechanism of the synthesis and secretion of ADAMTS13. PMID:23484705

  8. Rapid Construction of EGFP Labled Recombinant Adenovirus Containing hVEGF165 and Its Expression in Haematopoietic Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲照东; 邹萍; 黄士昂; 胡中波; 刘凌波; 卢运萍

    2003-01-01

    By using AdEasy system, which is based on the homologous recombination in bacteria, an EGFP labeled recombinant adenovirus vector containing hVEGF165 was constructed quickly and efficiently expressed in mouse haematopoietic cells. First, hVEGF165 coding sequence was subcloned into shuttle plasmid pAdTrack-CMV, then cotransformed with adenoviral backbone vector pAdEasy-1 into E. coli strain BJ5183. The recombinant adenoviral plasmid was transfected into HEK293 cells to assembly replication-defective adenovirus Ad-EGFP/hVEGF165. The expression of EGFP could be easily detected. The rate of EGFP positive mouse bone marrow mononuclear cells by flow cytometric analysis was 27.3 % (MOI= 100), and the expression of hVEGF165 protein in the supernatant was (1385+332) pg/106 cells. These results suggest that the construction of adenovirus vector by homologous recombination in bacteria features high efficiency and simplicity. The prepared high titer AdEGFP/hVEGF165 can be used an efficient helpful vector to infect hematopoietic cells.

  9. Construction of the mammalian expressing vector pEGFP-N1-P53 and its expression successful in chicken fibroblast cells and blastoderm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Z; Li, Z H; Lei, X Q; Xu, T S; Zhang, X H; Li, Y J; Zhang, G M; Xi, S M; Yang, Y B; Wei, Z G

    2015-01-01

    The enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) pEGFP-N1-P53 eukaryotic expression vector, which contains the human tumor suppressor p53, was constructed and transfected into chicken fibroblast cells and stage-X blastoderm to analyze the transfection efficiency. The complementary DNA of the human p53 gene was cloned by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction from human peripheral blood and inserted into the pEGFP-N1 vector by HindIII and BamHI double digestion. The pEGFP-N1-P53 vector was transfected into chicken embryo fibroblasts by Lipofectamine 2000 liposomes, and the transfection efficiency was analyzed by fluorescence microscope after 36 h of transfection. The stage-X blastoderm was also transfected by blastoderm injection using Lipofectamine 2000 liposomes at room temperature after 12-24 h; then hatching occurred until seventh day, and the transfection efficiency was analyzed by fluorescence microscope in the dead embryo. A total of 90 hatching eggs were transfected by the pEGFP-N1-P53 vector, and 20 chicken embryos expressed the reporter gene, which indicated that recombinant pEGFP-N1-P53 could be transfected and expressed in stage-X blastoderm by liposomes. Chicken embryo fibroblasts were transfected and expressed the reporter gene. The pEGFP-N1-P53 vector was constructed successfully and could be transfected and expressed in chicken embryo fibroblasts and stage-X blastoderms efficiently. PMID:25730031

  10. Potential utility of eGFP-expressing NOG mice (NOG-EGFP as a high purity cancer sampling system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shima Kentaro

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Purpose It is still technically difficult to collect high purity cancer cells from tumor tissues, which contain noncancerous cells. We hypothesized that xenograft models of NOG mice expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP, referred to as NOG-EGFP mice, may be useful for obtaining such high purity cancer cells for detailed molecular and cellular analyses. Methods Pancreato-biliary cancer cell lines were implanted subcutaneously to compare the tumorigenicity between NOG-EGFP mice and nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency (NOD/SCID mice. To obtain high purity cancer cells, the subcutaneous tumors were harvested from the mice and enzymatically dissociated into single-cell suspensions. Then, the cells were sorted by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS for separation of the host cells and the cancer cells. Thereafter, the contamination rate of host cells in collected cancer cells was quantified by using FACS analysis. The viability of cancer cells after FACS sorting was evaluated by cell culture and subsequent subcutaneous reimplantation in NOG-EGFP mice. Results The tumorigenicity of NOG-EGFP mice was significantly better than that of NOD/SCID mice in all of the analyzed cell lines (p  Conclusions This method provides a novel cancer sampling system for molecular and cellular analysis with high accuracy and should contribute to the development of personalized medicine.

  11. Expression and cytosolic assembly of the S-layer fusion protein mSbsC-EGFP in eukaryotic cells

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    Veenhuis Marten

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Native as well as recombinant bacterial cell surface layer (S-layer protein of Geobacillus (G. stearothermophilus ATCC 12980 assembles to supramolecular structures with an oblique symmetry. Upon expression in E. coli, S-layer self assembly products are formed in the cytosol. We tested the expression and assembly of a fusion protein, consisting of the mature part (aa 31–1099 of the S-layer protein and EGFP (enhanced green fluorescent protein, in eukaryotic host cells, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and human HeLa cells. Results Upon expression in E. coli the recombinant mSbsC-EGFP fusion protein was recovered from the insoluble fraction. After denaturation by Guanidine (Gua-HCl treatment and subsequent dialysis the fusion protein assembled in solution and yielded green fluorescent cylindric structures with regular symmetry comparable to that of the authentic SbsC. For expression in the eukaryotic host Saccharomyces (S. cerevisiae mSbsC-EGFP was cloned in a multi-copy expression vector bearing the strong constitutive GPD1 (glyceraldehyde-3-phosophate-dehydrogenase promoter. The respective yeast transfomants were only slightly impaired in growth and exhibited a needle-like green fluorescent pattern. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM studies revealed the presence of closely packed cylindrical structures in the cytosol with regular symmetry comparable to those obtained after in vitro recrystallization. Similar structures are observed in HeLa cells expressing mSbsC-EGFP from the Cytomegalovirus (CMV IE promoter. Conclusion The mSbsC-EGFP fusion protein is stably expressed both in the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and in HeLa cells. Recombinant mSbsC-EGFP combines properties of both fusion partners: it assembles both in vitro and in vivo to cylindrical structures that show an intensive green fluorescence. Fusion of proteins to S-layer proteins may be a useful tool for high level expression in yeast and HeLa cells of

  12. Direct evaluation of the effect of gene dosage on secretion of protein from yeast Pichia pastoris by expressing EGFP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hailong; Qin, Yufeng; Huang, Yuankai; Chen, Yaosheng; Cong, Peiqing; He, Zuyong

    2014-02-28

    Increasing the gene copy number has been commonly used to enhance the protein expression level in the yeast Pichia pastoris. However, this method has been shown to be effective up to a certain gene copy number, and a further increase of gene dosage can result in a decrease of expression level. Evidences indicate the gene dosage effect is product-dependent, which needs to be determined when expressing a new protein. Here, we describe a direct detection of the gene dosage effect on protein secretion through expressing the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene under the direction of the α-factor preprosequence in a panel of yeast clones carrying increasing copies of the EGFP gene (from one to six copies). Directly examined under fluorescence microscopy, we found relatively lower levels of EGFP were secreted into the culture medium at one copy and two copies, substantial improvement of secretion appeared at three copies, plateau happened at four and five copies, and an apparent decrease of secretion happened at six copies. The secretion of EGFP being limiting at four and five copies was due to abundant intracellular accumulation of proteins, observed from the fluorescence image of yeast and confirmed by western blotting, which significantly activated the unfolded protein response indicated by the up-regulation of the BiP (the KAR2 gene product) and the protein disulfide isomerase. This study implies that tagging a reporter like GFP to a specific protein would facilitate a direct and rapid determination of the optimal gene copy number for high-yield expression. PMID:24225373

  13. Construction of the Eukaryotic Expression Vector with EGFP and hVE GF121 Gene and its Expression in Rat Mesenchymal Stem Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Su Li; Chen Yunzhen; Zhang Xiaogang; She Qiang

    2005-01-01

    Objectives To construct a recombinant plasmid carrying enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and human vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) 121 gene and detect its expression in rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Methods Human VEGF121 cDNA was amplified with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from pCD/hVEGF121 and was inserted into the eukaryotic expression vector pEGFPC1. After being identified with PCR, double enzyme digestion and DNA sequencing. The recombinant plasmid pEGFP/hVEGF121 was transferred into rat MSCs with lipofectamine. The expression of EGFP/VEGF121 fusion protein were detected with fluorescence microscope and immunocytochemical staining respectively. Results The recombinant plasmid was confirmed with PCR, double enzyme digestion and DNA sequencing. The fluorescence microscope and immunocytochemical staining results showed that the EGFP and VEGF121 protein were expressed in MSCs 48 h after transfection.Conclusions The recombinant plasmid carrying EGFP and human VEGF was successfully constructed and expressed positively in rat MSCs. It offers a promise tool for further research on differentiation of MSCs and VEGF gene therapy for ischemial cardiovascular disease.

  14. 真核表达载体pIRES2-EGFP/TRAIL,pIRES2-EGFP/CD的构建和鉴定%Cloning and sequencing of reconstructed eukaryotic expression vector pIRES2-EGFP carrying CD and TRAIL genes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁兵; 袁芳; 殷建瑞; 谭丽华; 高庆春; 高聪

    2011-01-01

    Objective To corstruct the eukaryotic expression vector encoding CD and TRAIL genes, pIRES2-EGFP/TRAIL and pIRES2-EGFP/CD, and provide the research basis of the association between overexpression of CD and TRAIL genes in C6 glioma cells.Methods The received plasmids DNA were assessed by electrophoresis in 1% agarose gel and sequencing.CD and TRAIL genes were cloned directionally into eukaryotic expression vector, pIRES2-EGFP, through double enzyme-cutting by Sac Ⅱ/Xho Ⅰ and BamH Ⅰ/Xho Ⅰ.The recombinant plasmids were converted into E.coli DH5α competent cell, and then bolted and identified by double enzyme-cutting of restriction enzyme, PCR, and nucleic acid sequence analysis.Results The length of two pIRES2-EGFP/TRAIL fragments after double-cutting by Sac Ⅱ/Xho Ⅰ were confident with theoretic length of 1.0 kb and 5.2 kb.The length of two pIRES2-EGFP/CD fragments after double-cutting by BamH Ⅰ/Xho Ⅰ were confident with theoretic length of 1.3 kb and 5.2 kb.pIRES2-EGFP/TRAIL and pIRES2-EGFP/CD were confirmed to be contained CD and TRAIL genes by PCR and nucleic acid sequence analysis.Conclusions Reconstructing pIRES2-EGFP/TRAIL and pIRES2-EGFP/CD could successfully establish abasis of further research of the association between overexpression of CD and TRAIL genes in C6 glioma cells.%目的 构建真核表达载体pIRES2-EGFP/TRAIL和pIRES2-EGFP/CD,为研究其联合表达对恶性胶质瘤的联合治疗作用提供基础.方法 将pCMV/CD质粒和pcDNA3.1(+)/TRAIL质粒行琼脂糖凝胶电泳检测,确定其完整性,并进行序列测定确定有无基因突变.pCMV/CD质粒用Sac Ⅱ/ Xho Ⅰ双酶切,pcDNA3.1(+)TRAIL质粒用BamH Ⅰ/XhoⅠ双酶切,将目的 基因定向克隆到真核细胞表达载体pIRES2-EGFP中,转化E.coli DH5α感受态细胞,通过限制性内切酶双酶切、PCR及核酸序列分析等筛选、鉴定重组质粒.结果 所构建的真核表达载体pIRES2-EGFP/TRAIL经Sac Ⅱ/ XhoⅠ双酶切回收片段分别为1

  15. Construction of a fusion protein expression vector MK-EGFP and its subcellular localization in different carcinoma cell lines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li-Cheng Dai; Di-Yong Xu; Xing Yao; Li-Shan Min; Ning Zhao; Bo-Ying Xu; Zheng-Ping Xu; Yong-Liang Lu

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To construct an expression plasmid encoding human wild-type midkine (MK) and enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) fusion protein (MK-EGFP), and to analyze the subcellular localization of MK in different carcinoma cell lines.METHODS: Two kinds of MK coding sequences with or without signal peptide were cloned into plasmid pEGFP-N2, and the recombinant plasmids constructed were introduced into HepG2, MCF7 and DU145 cells,respectively, by transfection. With the help of laser scanning confocal microscopy, the expression and subcellular localization of MK-GFP fusion protein could be detected.RESULTS: Compared with the GFP control, in which fluorescence was detected diffusely over the entire cell body except in the nucleolus, both kinds of fusion protein MK-GFP were localized exclusively to the nucleus and accumulated in the nucleolus in the three kinds of cancer cell lines.CONCLUSION: This study reveals the specific nucleolar translocation independent of signal peptide, which may be involved in the mechanism that MK works. It provides valuable evidence for further study on the functions of MK in nucleus and its possible mechanisms, in which ribosomal RNA transcription and ribosome assembly are involved.

  16. Analysis of Relevant Parameters for Autophagic Flux Using HeLa Cells Expressing EGFP-LC3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz-Braceras, Sandra; Escalante, Ricardo

    2016-01-01

    Macroautophagy (called just autophagy hereafter) is an intracellular degradation machinery essential for cell survival under stress conditions and for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. The hallmark of autophagy is the formation of double membrane vesicles that engulf cytoplasmic material. These vesicles, called autophagosomes, mature by fusion with endosomes and lysosomes that allows the degradation of the cargo. Autophagy is a dynamic process regulated at multiple steps. Assessment of autophagy is not trivial because the number autophagosomes might not necessarily reflect the real level of autophagic degradation, the so-called autophagic flux. Here, we describe an optimized protocol for the analysis of relevant parameters of autophagic flux using HeLa cells stably expressing EGFP-LC3. These cells are a convenient tool to determine the influence of the downregulation or overexpression of specific proteins in the autophagic flux as well as the analysis of autophagy-modulating compounds. Western blot analysis of relevant parameters, such as the levels of EGFP-LC3, free EGFP generated by autophagic degradation and endogenous LC3·I-II are analyzed in the presence and absence of the autophagic inhibitor chloroquine. PMID:27613046

  17. Expression of EGFP/SDCT1 fusion protein, subcellular localization signal analysis, tissue distribution and electrophysiological function study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAI Xueyuan; CHEN Xiangmei; FEN Zhe; WU Di; HOU Kai; CHENG Genyang; PENG Lixia

    2004-01-01

    Full-length cDNA gene of sodium-dependent dicarboxylate co-transporter protein 1 (SDCT1) is cloned from normal human kidney tissue and inserted into EGFP (enhanced green fluorescent protein) expression vector along with N-terminal and C-terminal truncated SDCT1 genes, so to construct the eukaryotic expression vectors of EGFP/SDCT1 fusion proteins, which are transfected into human renal tubular epithelial cells (HKC). Subcellular localizations of these fusion proteins are observed by laser confocal microscope to determine the localization signal of the SDCT1 protein. Duplex PCR analysis validates that the fusion protein genes have been integrated into the genome of HKC. Western blot indicates that the fusion proteins have been expressed in HKC. Confocal microscopy analysis shows that human SDCT1 predominantly locates on the plasma membrane, which is consistent with the results predicted by bioinformatics approach; in HKC transfected with N-terminal truncated SDCT1 gene, the green fluorescence is mainly distributed on the plasma membrane; in HKC transfected with C-terminal truncated SDCT1 gene, the green fluorescence is mainly distributed in the cytoplasm. EGFP/SDCT1 mRNAs obtained by in vitro transcription are microinjected into Xenopus laevis oocytes for expression and the trans-membrane currents are measured by using two-microelectrode voltage-clamp technique. Na+ inward currents are present on cellular membrane of the injected oocytes. Immunohistochemical staining shows that human SDCT1 proteins are expressed on lumen membrane of the renal proximal tubule, but are negative in distal tubule, collecting duct, renal interstitium and glomerulus. The above-mentioned studies suggest that human SDCT1 protein is located on the lumen membrane of the renal proximal tubule, the C-terminal sequence of the SDCT1 is required for delivery and targeting localization, and the plasma membrane localization signal of the SDCT1 protein maybe locate in the C-terminal sequence.

  18. Prokaryotic expression and purification of fusion protein HSP70-EGFP and its application in the study of dendritic cells internalization antigen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ping QU; Yanfang SUI; Libing LIU; Jiahai MA; Guangsheng CHEN; Jiankang CHEN; Fang'e LIU

    2008-01-01

    To study the endocytic activity of dendritic cells (DCs) by obtaining fusion protein HSP70-EGFP as exogenous antigen and loading it with DCs derived from human peripheral blood. Fusion protein HSP70-EGFP was prokaryotically expressed, isolated and puri-fied. DCs were isolated and cultured from human peri-pheral blood. The DCs were divided into 3 groups in the endocytic experiment. There were 106 DCs in each group. Group 1 and 2 were respectively incubated for 30 min. with HSP70-EGFP and EGFP. Group 3 was incubated with HSP70 for 30 min, and then incubated for 30 min. with HSP70-EGFP. Subsequently, 3 groups were placed in an incubator at 37℃ for 0.5, 1,2 and 24 h. Flow cytometry (FCM) was adopted to detect the amount of DCs with EGFP inside. IL-12 Eli-spot was adopted to detect the amount of DCs which secreted IL-12. There were 5 types in the experiment: LPS, inactive LPS, HSP70-EGFP, EGFP and no antigen. Fusion pro-tein HSP70-EGFP was successfully obtained and its molecular weight was 97 000. It accounted for 35.32% of the total protein. Under irradiation of an ultraviolet lamp, the protein solution sent out viridescent fluor-escence. The result detected by FCM indicated that after incubation for 0.5 h at 37℃, the positive rate in group 1 was 63%, while the other 2 groups were negative. After incubation for 1, 2 and 24 h at 37℃, the positive rates in the 3 groups were above 80%. The IL-12 Eli-spot exam-ination shows that with HSP70-EGFP being loaded, the amount of DCs secreting IL-12 was 134.09±31.78/105 cells, a little lower than that of DCs with LPS loaded (with the average point of 156.36±15.73). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups (P<0.01). By contrast, both of them were significantly higher than inactive LPS-(33.78±1.40)/105 cells and EGFP-loaded (23.13±4,57)/105 cells DC groups in the amount of DCs secreting IL-12 (P<0.01). The results suggest that receptor-mediated phagocytosis plays a main role in the preliminary stage of DCs

  19. Establishment of a hepatocellular carcinoma cell line expressing dual reporter genes: sodium iodide symporter (NIS) and enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dual reporter gene imaging has several advantages for more sophisticated molecular imaging studies such as gene therapy monitoring. Herein, we have constructed hepatoma cell line expressing dual reporter genes of sodium iodide symporter (NIS) and enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP), and the functionalities of the genes were evaluated in vivo by nuclear and optical imaging. A pRetro-PN vector was constructed after separating NIS gene from pcDNA-NIS. RSV-EGFP-WPRE fragment separated from pLNRGW was cloned into pRetro-PN vector. The final vector expressing dual reporter genes was named pRetro-PNRGW. A human hepatoma (HepG2) cells were transfected by the retrovirus containing NIS and EGFP gene (HepG2-NE). Expression of NIS gene was confirmed by RT-PCR, radioiodine uptake and efflux studies. Expression of EGFP was confirmed by RT-PCR and fluorescence microscope. The HepG2 and HepG2-NE cells were implanted in shoulder and hindlimb of nude mice, then fluorescence image, gamma camera image and I-124 microPET image were undertaken. The HepG2-NE cell was successfully constructed. RT-PCR showed NIS and EGFP mRNA expression. About 50% of cells showed fluorescence. The iodine uptake of NIS-expressed cells was about 9 times higher than control. In efflux study, T1/2 of HepG2-NE cells was 9 min. HepG2-NE xenograft showed high signal-to-background fluorescent spots and higher iodine-uptake compared to those of HepG2 xenograft. A hepatoma cell line expressing NIS and EGFP dual reporter genes was successfully constructed and could be used as a potential either by therapeutic gene or imaging reporter gene

  20. Granulosa cells and retinoic acid co-treatment enrich potential germ cells from manually selected Oct4-EGFP expressing human embryonic stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hsin-Fu; Jan, Pey-Shynan; Kuo, Hung-Chih; Wu, Fang-Chun; Lan, Chen-Wei; Huang, Mei-Chi; Chien, Chung-Liang; Ho, Hong-Nerng

    2014-09-01

    Differentiation of human embryonic stem (HES) cells to germ cells may become clinically useful in overcoming diseases related to germ-cell development. Niches were used to differentiate HES cell lines, NTU1 and H9 Oct4-enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP), including laminin, granulosa cell co-culture or conditioned medium, ovarian stromal cell co-culture or conditioned medium, retinoic acid, stem cell factor (SCF) and BMP4-BMP7-BMP8b treatment. Flow cytometry showed that granulosa cell co-culture (P cells expressing early germ cell marker stage-specific embryonic antigen 1(SSEA1); sorted SSEA1[+] cells did not express higher levels of germ cell gene VASA and GDF9. Manually collected H9 Oct4-EGFP[+] cells expressed significantly higher levels of VASA (P = 0.005) and GDF9 (P = 0.001). H9 Oct4-EGFP[+] cells developed to ovarian follicle-like structures after culture for 28 days but with low efficiency. Unlike SCF and BMP4, retinoic acid co-treatment enhanced VASA, GDF9 and SCP3 expression. A protocol is recommended to enrich differentiated HES cells with germ-cell potential by culture with granulosa cells, conditioned medium or retinoic acid, manual selection of Oct4-EGFP[+] cells, and analysis of VASA, GDF9 expression, or both.

  1. Human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV-3); Construction and rescue of an infectious, recombinant virus expressing the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    The ability to rescue an infectious, recombinant, RNA virus from a cDNA clone, has led to new opportunities for measuring viral replication from a viral expressed reporter gene. In this protocol, the process of inserting enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene into the human parainfluenza vi...

  2. A BAC transgenic Hes1-EGFP reporter reveals novel expression domains in mouse embryos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klinck, Rasmus; Füchtbauer, Ernst-Martin; Ahnfelt-Rønne, Jonas;

    2011-01-01

    Expression of the basic helix-loop-helix factor Hairy and Enhancer of Split-1 (Hes1) is required for normal development of a number of tissues during embryonic development. Depending on context, Hes1 may act as a Notch signalling effector which promotes the undifferentiated and proliferative state...

  3. Construction of human eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-C2-PRDX3 and its expression in human medulloblastoma DAOY cells%人pEGFP-C2-PRDX3真核表达载体构建与在人髓母细胞瘤DAOY细胞中表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓玫; 刘汉勇; 金红涛; 成志强; 彭全洲; 胡锦涛; 高利昆; 许静; 张石芬; 曾照成

    2012-01-01

    目的 构建人pEGFP-C2-PRDX3真核表达载体,并检测其在人髓母细胞瘤DAOY细胞中的表达.方法 从人髓母细胞瘤DAOY细胞中提取总RNA,采用RT-PCR法对编码PRDX3的基因片段进行扩增,应用基因重组技术,将目的 片段亚克隆到pEGFP-C2真核表达载体,经PCR、酶切和测序鉴定后,用脂质体法将重组质粒转染入DAOY细胞,分别采用RT-PCR法、Western blot法检测PRDX3在DAOY细胞中的表达.结果 双酶切及测序结果验证PRDX3片段正确插入pEGFP-C2质粒,转染后的PRDX3基因mRNA及蛋白质水平均明显上调.结论 成功构建了具有报告基因-增强绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)基因的真核表达载体pEGFP-C2-PRDX3,为进一步研究PRDX3基因在人髓母细胞瘤中的生物学功能奠定了基础.%Purpose To construct a human cukaryotie expression vector pEGFP-G2-PRDX3 and to investigate its expression in human modulloblastoma DAOY ceils. Methods Total RNA was extracted from human medullohlastoma DAOY cells and then the target se-qnenee of human PRDX3 gene was amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction ( RT-PCR ). With the technique of gem re-arrangement, PRDX3 gene was subelonod into pEGFP-C2 plasmid. After identification with PCR, restriction enzyme digestion and sequence analysis, the reeomhinant plasmid was transfeetcd into DAOY ceils with the cationic loposome. RT-PCR, Western blotting were used to detect the PRDX3 mRNA and protein expression of DAOY cells. Results Correct construction of pEGFP-C2-PRDX3 was ieie:ntified by means the double digestion and sequeneing. The expression of mRNA and protoin of PRDX3 gene was significantly up-regulated after transfction. Conclusions The eukaryeitic expression vector pEGFP-C2-PRDX3 with a reporter gene-enhanee green flu oreseent protoin ( EGFP) gene is sueecssfully eonstrueted and would eontribute to the further studies on the role of PRDX3 in human medulloblastoma.

  4. pEGFP-N1-hTERT真核表达载体的构建与表达鉴定%The Construction and Identification of Eukaryotic Expression Vector pEG-FP-N1-hTERT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李勇; 李军; 吕长荣; 窦忠英

    2008-01-01

    [Objective] The aim of this study is to construct eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1-hTERT and observe its expression in eukaryotic cells. [Method] The eukaryotic expression vector pECFP-N1-hTERT was constructed with pC1-neo-hTERT and pEGFP-N1 plasmids, and the accuracy of hu-man telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) gene fragment was confirmed by double enzyme digestion and DNA sequencing analysis. After transfecting pEGFP-N1-hTERT into rat fetal neural stem cells (NSCs), the protein localization of human telomerase reverse transcriptase were indirectly observed through green fluorescent protein in the cells, and the correctness of constructed pEGFP-N1-hTERT was certificated by RT-PCR and Western Blot analysis. [Result] The eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1-hTERT had correct structure and could express in eukaryotic cells. [Conclusion] This study laid a foundation for the establishment of immortalized NSCs line in rats.

  5. SL7207/pEGFP-N1-AQP9及SL7207/pshRNA-AQP9重组沙门菌的构建及表达%Construction and expression of recombinant Salmonella SL7207/pEGFP-N1-AQP9 and SL7207/pshRNA-AQP9

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王川; 亢渝俊; 姜政; 王丕龙

    2012-01-01

    Objective To transform human aquaglyceroporin 9(AQP9) recombinant eukaryotic expression plasmid pEGFP Nl AQP9 and interference plasmid pshRNA AQP9 into attenuated Salmonella strain SL7207 by electroporation and detect their ex pression,in order to lay the foundation for elucidating the human AQP9 in pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods AQP9 gene was obtained by RT PCR from human hepatic tissue and cloned into pEGFP Nl vector,recombi nant eukaryotic expression plasmid pEGFP Nl AQP9 was constructed,designed and synthesized human AQP9 SiRNA,annealed to double stranded ShRNA, inserted to pGenesil 1 plasmid, interference plasmid pshRNA AQP9 was constructed, and then trans formed into attenuated Salmonella strain SL7207 by electroporation,the expression were detected by PCR and Western Blot,and we detected their stability. Results Recombinant plasmid pEGFP Nl AQP9 and pshRNA AQP9 were constructed, transformed into attenuated Salmonella strain SL7207,after transformed into SL7207,could express in recombinant Salmonella. Conclusion Recom binant Salmonella SL7207/pEGFP Nl AQP9 and SL7207/pshRNA AQP9 are successfully constructed,lay the foundation for fur ther study on the gene therapy of NAFLD with AQP9.%目的 将人水甘油通道蛋白9(AQP9)真核表达质粒pEGFP-N1-AQP9及干扰质粒pshRNA-AQP9通过电穿孔转化减毒沙门菌株SL7207,并验证其表达情况,为阐明AQP9在非酒精性脂肪肝病(NAFLD)中的作用奠定基础.方法 从人肝脏组织中通过RT-PCR获得AQP9基因,克隆到载体pEGFP-N1上,构建真核表达质粒pEGFP-N1-AQP9,设计合成针对人AQP9的siRNA,退火形成双链shRNA,并插入pGenesil-1质粒中,构建干扰质粒pshRNA-AQP9,电穿孔转化减毒沙门菌株SL7207,通过PCR、Western blot验证其表达情况,并检测其稳定性.结果 成功构建pEGFP-N1-AQP9及pshRNA-AQP9重组质粒,将其转化SL7207后,能在重组沙门菌中表达.结论 成功构建SL7207/pEGFP-N1-AQP9及SL7207/psh

  6. Construction of eukaryotic expression vector pIRES2-EGFP-V13KL and its expression in COS-7 cells and mouse embryos%真核表达载体pIRES2-EGFP-V13KL的构建及在COS-7细胞和小鼠胚胎中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关继羽; 陈育新; 岳占碰; 李子义; 李松励; 张鹏; 宋光启; 刘丽梅; 刘颖; 王中伟; 高飞; 唐博

    2011-01-01

    The V13KL is a kind of antimicrobial peptides through optimal design and artificial synthesis, which it is characteristic of stronger antimicrobial activity and weaker hemolytic activity.This study was conducted to examine expression of this peptide in COS-7 cells and detect the effect of this peptide on early development of mouse embryos.The eukaryotic expression vector plRES2-EGFP-V13KL was constructed, and transfected into the COS-7 cells and injected into the pronucleus of the mouse embryos.The results showed that V13KL and EGFP could co-express in COS-7 cells,and the transfection efficiency is 75.8%.About 10% of the mouse embryos injected with the vector developed into blastula.This study may be the basis of large-scale application and the cultivation of transgenic animals in the future.%构建了真核表达栽体pIRES2-EGFP-V13KL,瞬时转染COS-7细胞及对小鼠受精卵进行原核注射,旨在通过抗菌肽V13KL在COS-7细胞、小鼠胚胎中的表达情况评价其对细胞生理状态、胚胎发育方面可能产生的影响.结果显示,V13KL可以与EGFP在COS-7细胞中高效共表达,转染效率为75.8%,且原核注射后约10%的胚胎发育成带有绿色荧光的囊胚.

  7. The use of a viral 2A sequence for the simultaneous over-expression of both the vgf gene and enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) in vitro and in vivo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Jo E.; Brameld, John M.; Hill, Phil; Barrett, Perry; Ebling, Francis J.P.; Jethwa, Preeti H.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The viral 2A sequence has become an attractive alternative to the traditional internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) for simultaneous over-expression of two genes and in combination with recombinant adeno-associated viruses (rAAV) has been used to manipulate gene expression in vitro. New method To develop a rAAV construct in combination with the viral 2A sequence to allow long-term over-expression of the vgf gene and fluorescent marker gene for tracking of the transfected neurones in vivo. Results Transient transfection of the AAV plasmid containing the vgf gene, viral 2A sequence and eGFP into SH-SY5Y cells resulted in eGFP fluorescence comparable to a commercially available reporter construct. This increase in fluorescent cells was accompanied by an increase in VGF mRNA expression. Infusion of the rAAV vector containing the vgf gene, viral 2A sequence and eGFP resulted in eGFP fluorescence in the hypothalamus of both mice and Siberian hamsters, 32 weeks post infusion. In situ hybridisation confirmed that the location of VGF mRNA expression in the hypothalamus corresponded to the eGFP pattern of fluorescence. Comparison with old method The viral 2A sequence is much smaller than the traditional IRES and therefore allowed over-expression of the vgf gene with fluorescent tracking without compromising viral capacity. Conclusion The use of the viral 2A sequence in the AAV plasmid allowed the simultaneous expression of both genes in vitro. When used in combination with rAAV it resulted in long-term over-expression of both genes at equivalent locations in the hypothalamus of both Siberian hamsters and mice, without any adverse effects. PMID:26300182

  8. Construction and Expression of Prokaryotic Expression Vector pET28a-EGFP%原核表达载体pET28a-EGFP的构建与表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季爱加; 宁喜斌

    2011-01-01

    An enhanced green fluorescent protein ( ECFP) gene fragment in plasmid PEGFP-N3 as a template was used to amplify and obtained the EGFP gene fragment by PCR, and then designed a primer to introduce EcoR I and Hind Ⅲ Bites lo its both ends. After treated with double restriction enzyme, the introduced enzymatic site ECFP gene fragment, and pET28a plasmid, a recombinant expression plasmid pET28a-EGFP was obtained uung Tt ligase. The pET28a-EGFP was transformed into competence cells of E. Coli BL21 with heal shock method. The inducer of isopro-pyl β-D-l-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) was added to induce EGFP expression, as the optical density under 600 nm OD600 =0.4 of the B. Coli LB (Luria-Bertani) culture medium. The results indicated that the recombinant plasmtd enzymatic sites characterization and sequencing was correct. Under the natural light, the transformant colonies assumed green in LB solid medium (contains 1 mmol/L IPTG and SO μg/mL kanamycin ( Kan) ). When excited with blue-ray under fluorescence microscope, these recombinants emitting green fluorescence could clearly be observed. The successfully constructed prokaryotic expression vector pET28a-EGFP that expressed effectively in E. Coli BL21 will provide certain theoretical and technical supports for marking food borne pathogens as fluorescent markers in the future.%以质粒PEGFP-N3中增强型绿色荧光蛋白(Enhanced Green Fluorescent protein,EGFP)基因片段为模板,利用PCR技术扩增得到EGFP基因片段,并设计引物在其2端引入酶切位点EcoRⅠ和HindⅢ,对引入酶切位点的EGFP片段和pET28a质拉进行双酶切处理后,利用T4连接醇连接得到了重组质粒pET28a-EGFP.利用热击法把得到的重组质粒pET28a-EGFP特化至E.coli BL21( Escherichia coli BL21)感受态细胞中,当大肠埃希菌LB(Luria-Bertani)培养液在600 nm下的光密度值OD600 =0.4时,通过添加异丙基硫代β-D-半乳糖苷(IPTG)作为诱导剂诱导EGFP表达.结果表明:重组质

  9. Expression and cytosolic assembly of the S-layer fusion protein mSbsC-EGFP in eukaryotic cells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blecha, Andreas; Zarschler, Kristof; Sjollema, Klaas A.; Veenhuis, Marten; Rödel, Gerhard; Rodel, G.

    2005-01-01

    Background: Native as well as recombinant bacterial cell surface layer (S-layer) protein of Geobacillus (G.) stearothermophilus ATCC 12980 assembles to supramolecular structures with an oblique symmetry. Upon expression in E. coli, S-layer self assembly products are formed in the cytosol. We tested

  10. 人血管性血友病因子裂解蛋白酶pEGFP-N1真核表达载体的构建及其在HeLa细胞中的表达%Construction of ADAMTS13-pEGFP-N1 Vector and Its Expression in HeLa Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌婧; 马珍妮; 苏建; 阮长耿

    2013-01-01

    This study was aimed to construct a pEGFP-Nl vector of von Willebrand factor cleaving protease (ADAMTS13, a disintegrin and metalloprotease with a thrombospondin type 1 motifs 13) so as to pave the way for further studing its synthesis and secretion. Human full-length cDNA sequence of ADAMTS13 was acquired by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with Phusion? High-Fidelity(NEB) ,then the PCR product was double digested with EcoR I and Xho I . After digestion, the ADAMTS13 cDNA sequence was purified and recombined with the pEGFP-Nl vector. The DNA sequence analysis showed that ADAMTS13 was ligated to the pEGFP-Nl vector correctly. After transient expression in HeLa cells, the expression of EGFP could be detected by fluorescent microscopy, and the expression of ADAMTS13 protein could be detected by SDS-PAGE and Western blot. It is concluded that the ADAMTS13-pEGFP-N1 vector is successfully constructed, and it can be widely used in further research on the mechanism of the synthesis and secretion of ADAMTS13.%本研究旨在构建人血管性血友病因子裂解蛋白酶(ADAMTS13)的pEGFP-N1真核表达载体,为进一步研究ADAMTS13在细胞内合成及其分泌提供有力工具.通过PCR方法获取目的基因片段,并在目的基因两端加上限制性酶切位点.限制性内切酶酶切后,连接至pEGPF-N1真核表达载体.连接后获得质粒进行酶切鉴定及DNA测序验证,并转染HeLa细胞.通过荧光显微镜检测绿色荧光蛋白表达,Western blot方法鉴定所得蛋白.结果表明,酶切鉴定及DNA测序确认目的基因与载体正确连接,在荧光显微镜下观察到绿色荧光.Western blot显示,转染后HeLa细胞表达ADAMTS13蛋白.结论:成功构建了ADAMTS13-pEGFP-N1真核表达载体,为进一步研究ADAMTS13合成、分泌及其代谢的生理学机制提供了研究工具.

  11. Expression of pEGFP-bFGF by human epidermal cells after transfected with pEGFP-bFGF%碱性成纤维细胞生长因子基因转染人表皮细胞及其表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伊海英; 孙晓艳; 付小兵; 任明姬; 张广田

    2009-01-01

    Objective To investigate whether human epidermal ceils could be transfected with the eukaryotic expressive vector of pEGFP-C3-bFGF and express the exogenous gene.Methods pEGFP-C3-bFGF was transferred into the human epidermal cells by using liposome-mediatedmethod.Subsequent-ly, the phenotypic changes of epidermal cells were detected by using immunohistochemical staining and im-munofluorescent analysis 36 h later.For controls, epidermal cells were cultured simultaneously in the ab-sence of exogenous gene transfection.Results Specific green fluorescence could be observed by the fluo-rescence microscopy in the gene positive groups.Immunohistochemical staining revealed that the expression levels of CK19 and CK14 were up-regulated, while those of CK10 significantly down-regulated.Meanwhile,immunofluorescent analysis indicated that β1 integrin was expressed on the membrane of positive cells in lower level,CK19 and CK14 were expressed on the membrane and in the cytoplasm of those cells, and CK10 was negative.Conclusion The pEGFP-C3-bFGF is successfully transferred into human epidermal ceils, which can induce epidermal cells to reverse their differentiated process and thus express some undif-ferentiated proteins of epidermal stem cells.%目的 观察碱性成纤维细胞生长因子基因真核表达载体(pEGFP-C3-bFGF)能否转染体外培养的人表皮细胞并表达.方法 采用脂质体(LipofectamineTM 2000)转染法,将pEGFP-C3-bFGF转染至人表皮细胞系(HEKa细胞)中,在荧光显微镜下观察其瞬时表达及细胞形态.以同期培养的表皮细胞作为阴性对照,免疫细胞化学染色和免疫荧光标记法检测实验组及对照组中β1整合素、CKl9、CK14及CK10在表皮细胞中表达的差异.结果 荧光显微镜下观察基因转染率为31.6%,转染的细胞体积小,呈圆形或圆梭形,核质比大.免疫细胞化学染色结果显示,实验组细胞中CK19、CK14表达增强,CK10表达减弱.免疫荧光染色结果

  12. Construction and identification of a green fluorescent protein expression vector carrying the HBx gene (pHBx-EGFP) and its expression in hepatocellular carcinoma cell line Bel 7402%pHBx-EGFP载体构建及其在肝癌Bel 7402细胞中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟; 朱明月; 鲁琰; 朱丽琴; 董栩; 陈栘; 李孟森

    2013-01-01

    AIM:To construct an eukaryotic expression vector carrying hepatitis B virus X (HBx) gene and enhanced green fluorescent protein gene (pHBx-EGFP),and to express it transiently in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) Bel 7402 cells for observing the expression and cellular localization of HBx-EGFP fusion protein and providing an experimental tool for investigating the function of HBx gene.METHODS:pcDNA3.1-HBx was used to amplify the HBx gene fragment by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).Recombinant DNA technology was used to insert the HBx gene into the eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP to obtain a recombinant vector pHBx-EGFP.After the recombinant vector or pEGFP was transfected into Bel 7402 cells for 24 h,the expression and subcellular location of HBx-EGFP was detected under an inverted fluorescence microscope,and the expression of HBx protein in total cellular proteins was detected by Western blot.RESULTS:Restriction digestion and DNA sequence analyses verified that the recombinant plasmid was constructed successfully.After the HBx-EGFP recombinant plasmid was transfected into Bel 7402 ceils,it was found that HBx-EGFP was present in the perinuclear region,while EGFP was distributed throughout the cells.Western blot analysis demonstrated that EGFP and HBx were expressed efficiently.CONCLUSION:A recombinant eukaryotic fluorescent expression vector carrying the HBx gene (pHBx-EGFP) has been constructed successfully,which could express EGFP and HBx in Bel 7402 cells.%目的:构建乙型肝炎病毒(hepatitis B virus,HBV)-X蛋白(hepatitis B virus x protein,HBx)和增强型绿色荧光蛋白(enhanced green fluorescent protein,EGFP)真核融合蛋白表达载体(pHBx-EGFP),转染肝癌Bel 7402细胞,观察其表达和定位,为进一步研究HBx功能提供工具.方法:以pcDNA3.1-HBx为模板,应用PCR和DNA重组技术构建增强型绿色荧光蛋白HBx-EGFP融合蛋白表达载体pHBx-EGFP,经脂质体转染Bel 7402细胞,应用倒置荧光显微镜观察融合蛋白表

  13. Construction and Expression of Recombinant Plasmid pEGFP-C3-Caveolin-1 in Cultured Podocytes from Mouse Kidney%重组质粒pEGFP-C3-caveolin-1构建及在小鼠足细胞中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任志龙; 梁伟; 丁国华; 胡凤琪; 彭建平

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To construct an eukaryotic expression recombinant plasmid named pEGFP-C3-caveolin-1 and transfect it into podocytes derived from mouse kidney.Methods: Mouse caveolin-1 gene base sequence was inserted to multiple clone sites of TA clone vector by DNA recombinant technique.Then the recombinant vector was identified by incision enzyme EcoR Ⅰ and BamH Ⅰ and DNA sequencing.Abundant caveolin-1 gene base sequence was acquired and inserted to multiple clone sites of pEGFP-C3 by DNA recombinant technique.Then a new eukaryotic expression recombinant plasmid named pEGFP-C3-caveolin-1 was generated and identified by incision enzyme EcoR Ⅰ and BamH Ⅰ and DNA sequencing.pEGFP-C3-caveolin-1 was transfected into mouse podocytes in vitro with Lipofectamine 2000.The treated cells were continuously traced by fluorescence microscope.After 72 hours cultivation, 400 mg/L G418 was added to select the stable transfected cells, from which total RNA and proteins were extracted respectively to detect the expression of caveolin-1 by RT-PCR and Western-blot analysis respectively.Results: Fragments of 0.56 kb and 4.7 kb were generated from the pEGFP-C3-caveolin-1 cut by EcoR Ⅰ and BamH Ⅰ.DNA sequence of the 0.56 kb fragment was identical with mouse caveolin-1 mRNA in GenBank.Green fluorescence could be seen by fluorescence microscrope after 8 h and a peak emerged within 24 h to 48 h.RT-PCR and Western-blot analysis revealed that the expression of caveolin-1 in the stable transfected cells was twice or three times more than that in the untransfected podocytes.Conclusion: The eukaryotic expression recombinant plasmid and the stable caveolin-l-transfected podocytes were successfully constructed, which will be a useful tool for our further research.%目的:构建真核表达重组质粒pEGFP-C3-caveolin-1及稳定转染小鼠足细胞.方法:用RT-PCR法扩增小鼠肾脏caveolin-1的开放阅读框(ORF),构建TA克隆,用EcoR Ⅰ、BamH Ⅰ酶切位点亚克隆至真核表达质粒pEGFP

  14. Construction and identification of eukaryotic expression vector of AMH%真核表达载体pIRES2-EGFP-AMH的构建及鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严丽丽; 胡蓉; 李娟; 王飞苗

    2014-01-01

    目的 构建人AMH基因的真核表达载体pIRES2-EGFP-AMH.方法 从COV434细胞中获取AMH基因片段,经EcoRI、BglH双酶切定向克隆至载体pIRES2-EGFP,构建pIRES2-EGFP-AMH.经双酶切和测序鉴定后转染COV434细胞,通过荧光定量PCR和细胞免疫荧光技术检测AMH基因的表达变化.结果 重组人AMH真核表达质粒经酶切和测序鉴定正确,转染后能显著提高AMH mRNA和蛋白的表达.结论 人AMH真核表达载体构建成功,为进一步研究人AMH基因的功能提供初步的实验基础.

  15. 人源载体介导的minidystrophin-EGFP融合基因在Cos-7细胞中的表达%A minidystrophin-EGFP fusion gene expressed in Cos-7 cells mediated by human source vector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁羽; 梁德生; 薛志刚; 龙志高; 邬玲仟; 潘乾; 胡艺俏; 戴和平; 夏昆; 夏家辉

    2005-01-01

    目的构建微小肌营养不良蛋白(minidystrophin)和增强绿色荧光蛋白(enhanced green fluoresce protein, EGFP)融合基因的人源载体,观察该载体在Cos-7细胞中的表达.方法以正常人肌营养不良基因cDNA(GenBank NM004006)为模板,通过PCR克隆的方法构建minidystrophin基因,融合EGFP基因后连接到人源载体pHrneo,大量提取重组质粒,转染Cos-7细胞,通过逆转录聚合酶链反应、荧光显微镜观察等方法检测该载体在细胞内的表达.结果成功构建pHrnDysG载体,转染Cos-7后,逆转录聚合酶链反应可扩增出735 bp特异条带,荧光显微镜观察可见表达蛋白分布于细胞膜上.结论 pHrn载体介导的minidystrophin基因可以在真核细胞表达,并被有效地转运至细胞膜,可望用于杜氏肌营养不良基因治疗的研究.%Objective To construct a human source vector containing minidystrophin-EGFP fusion gene and investigate its expression in Cos-7 cells. Methods The recombinant human source vector named pHrnDysG was constructed with PCR-clone methods. Three fragments of dystrophin gene were PCR amplified from normal human dystrophin gene cDNA (GenBank NM04006). These three fragments were ligated to generate a minidystrophin gene. The enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene was fused to the C terminal of the minidystrophin gene, and then the pHrnDysG was finally obtained by cloning the fusion gene to pHrneo. Fluorescence microscope and RT-PCR were used to detect the expression of minidystrophin-EGFP fusion gene after the recombinant construct was transfected into Cos-7 cells by lipofectamine. Results Restrictive enzyme digestion analysis and sequencing confirmed that pHrnDysG vector was constructed successfully. After the recombinant pHrnDysG was transfected to Cos-7 cells, RT-PCR demonstrated that the fusion gene was successfully transcribed, and the green fluorescence was observed at the cell membrane. Conclusion The minidystrophin-EGFP fusion gene

  16. 重组质粒pEGFP-N1-Twist的构建、表达及其对SKOV3细胞克隆形成能力的影响%Construction of recombinant pEGFP-N1-Twist plasmid and its stable expression in SKOV3 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尉春艳; 张熙; 孙学军; 彭慧霞; 史玉霞; 王桂贤

    2014-01-01

    目的 构建含有Twist基因的重组质粒pEGFP-N1-Twist,为进一步研究上皮性卵巢癌的发生及转移机制奠定基础.方法 生物合成Twist cDNA基因序列,定向克隆至pEGFP-N1表达载体内,将pEGFP-N1-Twist转染入SKOV3细胞系,用Real-time PCR和Western blot检测Twist基因的表达情况;通过克隆形成实验检测pEGFP-N1-Twist对SKOV3细胞的作用.结果 Twist基因的cDNA已克隆到真核细胞表达载体pEGFP-N1中,将pEGFP-N1-Twist转染入SKOV3细胞后,Twist基因/蛋白的表达明显上调,转染组较对照组克隆形成明显增加(P<0.05).结论 成功构建了Twist基因的真核表达载体并能在细胞内稳定表达,Twist基因能增强SKOV3细胞的克隆形成能力.

  17. Expression of TAT-EGFP Fusion Protein and Verification of Its Transmem-brane Activity Into Bladder Cancer Cells and Tissues%融合蛋白TAT-EGFP的表达及其对膀胱癌细胞和组织的穿膜活性鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴刚; 周洁; 王启辉; 聂振

    2012-01-01

    目的 构建穿膜肽-增强型绿色荧光蛋白(TAT-EGFP)融合蛋白的原核表达系统,研究该融合蛋白在体外对人膀胱癌细胞(EJ细胞)和膀胱癌组织的跨膜作用.方法 以pEGFP-1载体为模板,设计包含TAT序列的引物,用PCR技术扩增TAT-EGFP基因,扩增产物插入载体pET30a,构建成重组质粒pET30a-TAT-EGFP.将重组质粒转入大肠杆菌BL21中,IPTG诱导TAT-EGFP融合蛋白表达.表达产物用十二烷基硫钠-聚丙烯酰胺凝胶电泳鉴定,Ni-NTA Superflow Cartvidge亲和层析柱纯化融合蛋白.将融合蛋白TAT-EGFP加入培养的EJ细胞和膀胱癌组织,荧光显微镜观察TAT-EGFP融合蛋白进入EJ细胞和膀胱癌组织的情况.结果 成功构建了高表达pET30a-TAT-EGFP重组子,纯化了分子质量约为31 kD的融合蛋白TAT-EGFP.不同浓度的TAT-EGFP融合蛋白对膀胱癌细胞均无明显毒性.TAT-EGFP融合蛋白具有穿过膀胱癌细胞和膀胱癌组织的作用.结论 通过对TAT-EGFP融合蛋白表达纯化及活性分析,证实TAT的蛋白转导作用,为肽类及生物大分子药物进入组织细胞内发挥治疗作用提供了理论基础.%Objective To construct an prokaryotic expression system of cell-penptrating peptides-enhanced green fluorescent protein( TAT-EGFP ) fusion protein,and investigate its transmem-brane effect in vitro on human bladder cancer cell( EJ cells ) and tissues. Methods With pEGFP-1 carrier as a template, a primer that contained TAT sequences was designed. Amplification of TAT-EGFP gene was done by PCR, and its product was inserted into pET30a vector to construct recombinant plasmid pET30a-TAT-EGFP. The recombinant vector was transformed into escherichia coli BL21 and TAT-EGFP fusion protein was induced with IPTG. The expressed fusion protein was purified by Ni-NTA Superflow Cartvidge and tested by SDS-PAGE electrophoresis, which was added into cultured EJ cells and bladder cancer tissues in vitro. Observation on TAT-EGFP fusion protein

  18. Application of EGFP-EGF fusions to explore mechanism of endocytosis of epidermal growth factor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hua JIANG; Jie ZHANG; Bi-zhi SHI; Yu-hong XU; Zong-hai LI; Jian-ren GU

    2007-01-01

    Aim: To develop a simple method for monitoring protein localization of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in living cells. Methods: Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was used as an autofluorescent tag to label EGF ligands. SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis were used to detect the expression of the EGFP-tagged EGF (EGFP-EGF) protein. The cell-binding and internalization activity of EGFP-EGF were analyzed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) and confocal micro-scopy. Results: EGFP-EGF protein was expressed in Escherichia coil and purified.A cell-binding assay demonstrated that the EGFP-EGF protein could bind effi-ciently to the cells expressing EGFR. The binding and intemalization of EGFP-EGF can be visualized even at a very low concentration under confocal microscopy.The FACS-based assay for internalization activity indicated the accumulation of internalized EGFP-EGF over time. Furthermore, the results of the competition assay indicated its EGFR binding specificity. Using such a method, it does not need to label EGF with chemicals and avoid light in the experimental process. Conclusion: The fusion protein EGFP-EGF has several characters including high sensitivity, stability and convenience for manipulation, and is a powerful tool for the study of EGF endocytosis.

  19. Construction and Expression of Recombinant Adenovirus Vector Ad5-hTRX-EGFP%重组腺病毒载体Ad5-hTRX-EGFP的构建及其表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    扈江伟; 王军; 徐曼; 苏永锋; 孔维霞; 盛红霞; 张斌; 陈虎

    2012-01-01

    -defective recombinant adenovirus pAd-hTRX-EGFP was co-transfected in HEK293 cells, purified by CsCl gradient centrifugation, counted for virus particles and determined for tiler. The recombinant adenovirus was identified by PCR. The HEK293 cells were then transfected with adenoviruses and assayed by flow cytometry. The expression of hTRX was confirmed by Western blot. The results showed that according to PCR and restriction endonuclease assay, the target gene was inserted into recombinant adenovirus vector successfully. The sequence of fusion gene was the same as that of designed fragments. The titer of the purified recombinant adenovirus pAd-hTRX-EGFP was 5. 558 × 1010pfu/mL A transfection efficiency of 92. 25% could be achieved at MOI = 100. Western blot further confirmed that hTRX was efficiently expressed in HEK293 cells. It is concluded that recombinant adenovirus vector containing hTRX has been constructed successfully and obtained highly efficient virus that can express efficiently in HEK293 cells, which laid a foundation for further investigation.

  20. Study on construction of recombinant plasmid pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF and its expression in bone mesenchymal stem cell in mice%重组质粒pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF构建及转染骨髓间充质干细胞

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张平; 赵钢勇; 陈凯; 宋月平; 康增军; 苏立凯

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨重组质粒pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF构建及转染至骨髓间充质干细胞(MSCs)制备BDNF基因工程细胞的方法.方法 将pEGFP(N1)-BDNF质粒进行改造与pIRESneo相连结,构建携带BDNF的高拷贝质粒pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF,采用电转染技术转染骨髓MSCs,经G418筛选,通过倒置荧光显微镜判断转染效率,采用Western blot方式判定转染细胞是否表达BDNF蛋白.结果 经过双酶切鉴定,pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF携带EGFP及BDNF基因,以EGFP为报告基因,质粒构建成功;通过电穿孔技术以及G418筛选,提高pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF转染骨髓MSCs效率.结论 成功制备高效表达携带BDNF基因的质粒,且转染骨髓MSCs,为进一步开展BDNF基因治疗神经系统变性疾病奠定基础.

  1. pVLT-EGFP载体构建及其在巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillum brasilense)的表达研究%Construction of an Expression Vector pVLT-EGFP and Its Expression in Azospirillum brasilense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巩涛; 王继雯; 杨文玲; 甄静; 刘莹莹; 李冠杰; 刘莉; 岳丹丹; 陈国参

    2015-01-01

    为了研究巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillum brasilense)在植物体内的定殖,利用酶切连接的方法,以增强型绿色荧光蛋白(enhanced green fluorescent protein,EGFP)基因与表达栽体pVLT-33为基本元件,构建了重组表达载体pVLT-EGFP,电转巴西固氮螺菌R7细胞,并利用实时荧光定量PCR(qPCR)研究了不同温度、不同时间EGFP mRNA的表达情况.酶切及测序结果表明,成功构建了pVLT-EGFP载体,并在荧光显微镜下观察到绿色荧光蛋白表达;qPCR结果显示:30℃,诱导9hEGFP基因的表达水平最高.本研究成功构建了重组表达载体pVLT-EGFP,为实现pVLT-EGFP的可控表达及研究固氮菌在植物体内的定殖规律及促生长机理提供了一种有效的途径.

  2. Expression of Recombinant pEGFP-N3-APC Vectors in HT-29 Colorectal Carcinoma Cell Line%重组质粒pEGFP-N3-APC在结肠癌细胞株HT-29中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕梁; 霍继荣; 刘斌; 刘佳; 武捷; 王捷

    2008-01-01

    [目的]构建含有APC蛋白功能区域的pEGFP-N3-APC重组质粒,转染结肠癌细胞HT-29,观察重组质粒的表达.[方法]设计引物分别扩增5条APC基因功能区域片段.将扩增片段与pEGFP-N3载体连接后挑取阳性克隆,行菌落PCR和测序鉴定.使用Lipofectamine 2000将重组质粒转染结肠癌细胞株HT-29,观察细胞中绿色荧光蛋白的表达.[结果]构建5条带有APC不同结构域重组真核表达载体pEGFP-N3-APC,重组真核表达载体转染HT-29细胞后,可观察到绿色荧光蛋白的表达.[结论]真核细胞表达载体pEGFP-N3-APC的成功构建,为进一步研究其在细胞内的功能提供了基础.

  3. 真核表达载体pEGFP-C2-miR-126-sponge的构建及其表达活性研究%Construction of pEGFP-C2-miR-126-sponge eukaryotic expression vector and its expression activity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡燕; 廖珍媛; 李永菊; 陈超; 朱顺飞; 熊思东; 徐林

    2014-01-01

    目的 构建靶向miR-126的真核表达载体pEGFP-C2-miR-126-海绵体(sponge),并探讨其下调miR-126的表达对肝癌HepG2细胞体外生长的影响,为后续深入研究miR-126在肝癌发生中的作用提供前期实验基础.方法 合成miR-126-sponge,构建pEGFP-C2-miR-126-sponge真核表达载体,体外瞬时转染肝癌细胞HepG2,荧光显微镜下观察EGFP的表达情况;Real-time PCR检测细胞中miR-126的表达水平;MTT法和克隆形成实验检测细胞的增殖变化;划痕实验观察细胞的体外迁移能力改变.结果 成功构建pEGFP-C2-miR-126-sponge真核表达载体(命名为p-miR-126-sp);Real-time PCR结果显示,与对照组(p-Cont)相比,p-miR-126-sp组中miR-126表达水平显著降低(P<0.05);MTT检测发现,p-miR-126-sp组中细胞增殖数目明显减少(P<0.05);此外,p-miR-126-sp组的克隆形成数和细胞迁移数均明显减少(P<0.05).结论 miR-126-sponge可显著下调miR-126的表达水平进而抑制肝癌细胞HepG2的体外增殖及迁移能力.

  4. A Csf1r-EGFP Transgene Provides a Novel Marker for Monocyte Subsets in Sheep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pridans, Clare; Davis, Gemma M; Sauter, Kristin A; Lisowski, Zofia M; Corripio-Miyar, Yolanda; Raper, Anna; Lefevre, Lucas; Young, Rachel; McCulloch, Mary E; Lillico, Simon; Milne, Elspeth; Whitelaw, Bruce; Hume, David A

    2016-09-15

    Expression of Csf1r in adults is restricted to cells of the macrophage lineage. Transgenic reporters based upon the Csf1r locus require inclusion of the highly conserved Fms-intronic regulatory element for expression. We have created Csf1r-EGFP transgenic sheep via lentiviral transgenesis of a construct containing elements of the mouse Fms-intronic regulatory element and Csf1r promoter. Committed bone marrow macrophage precursors and blood monocytes express EGFP in these animals. Sheep monocytes were divided into three populations, similar to classical, intermediate, and nonclassical monocytes in humans, based upon CD14 and CD16 expression. All expressed EGFP, with increased levels in the nonclassical subset. Because Csf1r expression coincides with the earliest commitment to the macrophage lineage, Csf1r-EGFP bone marrow provides a tool for studying the earliest events in myelopoiesis using the sheep as a model.

  5. Construction of pEGFP-N3-APC vectors carrying various APC functional domains and their expression in HCT-II6 cells%APC蛋白功能区域重组质粒的构建及其在结肠癌细胞株HCT-116中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕梁; 霍继荣; 刘佳; 张宏斌; 武捷; 王捷

    2009-01-01

    目的 构建并鉴定含有APC蛋白不同功能区域的真核细胞表达载体pEGFP-N3-APC1~5,转染人类结直肠癌细胞HCT-116,观察重组质粒在细胞内的表达.方法 根据APC基因的功能结构以及APC突变簇集区的特点,设计特异性引物扩增APC基因特异性的功能区域片段.将扩增出的5个APC片段克隆到pEGFP-N3载体的N端,经测序分析对重组质粒pEGFP-N3-APC1~5进行鉴定.使用脂质体转染法将重组质粒转染人类结直肠癌细胞HCT-116,通过观察细胞中绿色荧光蛋白的表达情况来检测APC功能区域在细胞内的表达.以RT-PCR法进一步验证重组质粒在细胞中的表达.结果 构建5个pEGFP-N3-APC结构区域的重组真核表达载体,重组真核表达载体转染HCT-116细胞后,细胞中均可见绿色荧光蛋白的表达.RT-PCR结果显示,5个蕈组质粒在HCT-116细胞中均可表达.结论 真核细胞表达载体pEGFP-N3-APC1~5的成功构建,为进一步研究其在细胞内的功能,筛选结直肠癌基因治疗的有效且易于基因操作的靶标片段提供了基础.%Objective To construct recombinant plasmids containing various functional domains of APC protein and detect their expression in HCT-116 cells. Methods Five APC gene fragments were amplified by PCR with whole APC gene as template and primers designed according to APC cDNA sequence and mutation cluster domain. The five obtained fragments were cloned into eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N3 to generate recombinant pEGFP-N3-APC1-5. Sequence of the inserted gene was identified and analyzed after restriction enzyme digestion. Liposome-mediated recombinant plasmid pEGFP-N3-APC was transfected into HCT 116 cells and identified by green fluorescence. RT-PCR was employed to validate the expression of recombinant vectors in cells. Results Recombinant pEGFP-N3-APC1-5 were confirmed by restriction enzyme digestion and sequence analysis. The plasmids could be expressed in HCT-116 cell line

  6. The viral RNA-based transfection of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) in the parasitic protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wei; Ding, He; Zhang, Xinxin; Cao, Lili; Li, Jianhua; Gong, Pengtao; Li, He; Zhang, Guocai; Li, Shuhong; Zhang, Xichen

    2012-03-01

    Here we have developed methods to transiently and stably transfect the human pathogenic protist Trichomonas vaginalis. The viral RNA-based transfection vector pTVV-EGFP/NEO was constructed by using enhanced green fluorescent protein gene (EGFP) and neomycin resistance gene (NEO) in tandem to replace the whole gene encoding region of T. vaginalis virus (TVV). The in vitro transcripts of linearized pTVV-EGFP/NEO were electroporated into trophozoites and the transfectants transiently expressed EGFP after 16 h postincubation. Stable expression of EGFP was persistently detected by fluorescence microscopy and by RT-PCR in transfected trophozoites under G418 selection. Our study provides a novel and valuable approach for genetic study of T. vaginalis.

  7. The viral RNA-based transfection of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) in the parasitic protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wei; Ding, He; Zhang, Xinxin; Cao, Lili; Li, Jianhua; Gong, Pengtao; Li, He; Zhang, Guocai; Li, Shuhong; Zhang, Xichen

    2012-03-01

    Here we have developed methods to transiently and stably transfect the human pathogenic protist Trichomonas vaginalis. The viral RNA-based transfection vector pTVV-EGFP/NEO was constructed by using enhanced green fluorescent protein gene (EGFP) and neomycin resistance gene (NEO) in tandem to replace the whole gene encoding region of T. vaginalis virus (TVV). The in vitro transcripts of linearized pTVV-EGFP/NEO were electroporated into trophozoites and the transfectants transiently expressed EGFP after 16 h postincubation. Stable expression of EGFP was persistently detected by fluorescence microscopy and by RT-PCR in transfected trophozoites under G418 selection. Our study provides a novel and valuable approach for genetic study of T. vaginalis. PMID:21861063

  8. 核基质结合区修饰的附着体载体介导的EGFP基因体外表达%MAR-Modified Episomal Vector-Mediated EGFP Expression in Vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅文瀚; 吴兆平; 徐荣婷; 钱关祥; 卢健

    2006-01-01

    目的 建立一个非病毒介导外源基因高效转移和稳定表达体系.方法 采用EB病毒(EBV)来源的附着体质粒载体,并结合顺式作用元件IFN-MAR构建重组质粒pcDNA3-EGFP-EBVR和pcDNA3-EGFP-EBNA1-MAR.采用荧光显微镜观察并摄片,FACS及逆转录-聚合酶链反应检测EGFP表达阳性的COS-7细胞比例、荧光表达强度及EGFP基因的转录.通过Southern印迹和质粒还原实验分析质粒DNA在细胞中存在的形式.结果 本实验构建的重组质粒载体pcDNA3-EGFP-EBVR和pcDNA3-EGFP-EBNA1-MAR在转染进入COS-7细胞后以染色体外附着体的形式存在.由于EBVR的存在,可以在体外获得EGFP较长时间的稳定表达.IFN-MAR替代OriP后,仍可在体外获得EGFP的稳定表达.结论 MAR修饰的EBV附着体载体可以在体外获得外源基因高效稳定的表达.

  9. Generation and characterization of gsuα:EGFP transgenic zebrafish for evaluating endocrine-disrupting effects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheng, Xiaoxia [Key Laboratory of Aquatic Biodiversity and Conservation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Chen, Xiaowen; Jin, Xia; He, Jiangyan [Key Laboratory of Aquatic Biodiversity and Conservation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei (China); Yin, Zhan, E-mail: zyin@ihb.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Aquatic Biodiversity and Conservation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei (China); Ningbo Laboratory, State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology (China)

    2014-07-01

    The glycoprotein subunit α (gsuα) gene encodes the shared α subunit of the three pituitary heterodimeric glycoprotein hormones: follicle-stimulating hormone β (Fshβ), luteinizing hormone β (Lhβ) and thyroid stimulating hormone β (Tshβ). In our current study, we identified and characterized the promoter region of zebrafish gsuα and generated a stable gsuα:EGFP transgenic line, which recapitulated the endogenous gsuα expression in the early developing pituitary gland. A relatively conserved regulatory element set is presented in the promoter regions of zebrafish and three other known mammalian gsuα promoters. Our results also demonstrated that the expression patterns of the gsuα:EGFP transgene were all identical to those expression patterns of the endogenous gsuα expression in the pituitary tissue when our transgenic fish were treated with various endocrine chemicals, including forskolin (FSK), SP600125, trichostatin A (TSA), KClO{sub 4}, dexamethasone (Dex), β-estradiol and progesterone. Thus, this gsuα:EGFP transgenic fish reporter line provides another valuable tool for investigating the lineage development of gsuα-expressing gonadotrophins and the coordinated regulation of various glycoprotein hormone subunit genes. These reporter fish can serve as a novel platform to perform screenings of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in vivo as well. - Highlights: • Identification of the promoter of zebrafish glycoprotein subunit α (gsuα) gene • Generation of stable transmission gsuα:EGFP transgenic zebrafish reporter • Demonstration of the recapitulation of the gsuα:EGFP and endogenous gsuα expression • Suggestion of the gsuα:EGFP transgenic zebrafish as a novel platform for EDC study.

  10. Knockout of exogenous EGFP gene in porcine somatic cells using zinc-finger nucleases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research highlights: → EGFP gene integrated in porcine somatic cells could be knocked out using the ZFN-KO system. → ZFNs induced targeted mutations in porcine primary cultured cells. → Complete absence of EGFP fluorescence was confirmed in ZFN-treated cells. -- Abstract: Zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs) are expected as a powerful tool for generating gene knockouts in laboratory and domestic animals. Currently, it is unclear whether this technology can be utilized for knocking-out genes in pigs. Here, we investigated whether knockout (KO) events in which ZFNs recognize and cleave a target sequence occur in porcine primary cultured somatic cells that harbor the exogenous enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene. ZFN-encoding mRNA designed to target the EGFP gene was introduced by electroporation into the cell. Using the Surveyor nuclease assay and flow cytometric analysis, we confirmed ZFN-induced cleavage of the target sequence and the disappearance of EGFP fluorescence expression in ZFN-treated cells. In addition, sequence analysis revealed that ZFN-induced mutations such as base substitution, deletion, or insertion were generated in the ZFN cleavage site of EGFP-expression negative cells that were cloned from ZFN-treated cells, thereby showing it was possible to disrupt (i.e., knock out) the function of the EGFP gene in porcine somatic cells. To our knowledge, this study provides the first evidence that the ZFN-KO system can be applied to pigs. These findings may open a new avenue to the creation of gene KO pigs using ZFN-treated cells and somatic cell nuclear transfer.

  11. Knockout of exogenous EGFP gene in porcine somatic cells using zinc-finger nucleases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watanabe, Masahito [Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), ERATO, Nakauchi Stem Cell and Organ Regeneration Project, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639 (Japan); Department of Life Sciences, School of Agriculture, Meiji University, 1-1-1 Higashimita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8571 (Japan); Umeyama, Kazuhiro [Department of Life Sciences, School of Agriculture, Meiji University, 1-1-1 Higashimita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8571 (Japan); International Cluster for Bio-Resource Research, Meiji University, 1-1-1 Higashimita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8571 (Japan); Matsunari, Hitomi [Department of Life Sciences, School of Agriculture, Meiji University, 1-1-1 Higashimita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8571 (Japan); Takayanagi, Shuko [Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), ERATO, Nakauchi Stem Cell and Organ Regeneration Project, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639 (Japan); Department of Life Sciences, School of Agriculture, Meiji University, 1-1-1 Higashimita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8571 (Japan); Haruyama, Erika; Nakano, Kazuaki; Fujiwara, Tsukasa; Ikezawa, Yuka [Department of Life Sciences, School of Agriculture, Meiji University, 1-1-1 Higashimita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8571 (Japan); Nakauchi, Hiromitsu [Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), ERATO, Nakauchi Stem Cell and Organ Regeneration Project, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639 (Japan); Center for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Institute of Medical Science, Tokyo University, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639 (Japan); and others

    2010-11-05

    Research highlights: {yields} EGFP gene integrated in porcine somatic cells could be knocked out using the ZFN-KO system. {yields} ZFNs induced targeted mutations in porcine primary cultured cells. {yields} Complete absence of EGFP fluorescence was confirmed in ZFN-treated cells. -- Abstract: Zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs) are expected as a powerful tool for generating gene knockouts in laboratory and domestic animals. Currently, it is unclear whether this technology can be utilized for knocking-out genes in pigs. Here, we investigated whether knockout (KO) events in which ZFNs recognize and cleave a target sequence occur in porcine primary cultured somatic cells that harbor the exogenous enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene. ZFN-encoding mRNA designed to target the EGFP gene was introduced by electroporation into the cell. Using the Surveyor nuclease assay and flow cytometric analysis, we confirmed ZFN-induced cleavage of the target sequence and the disappearance of EGFP fluorescence expression in ZFN-treated cells. In addition, sequence analysis revealed that ZFN-induced mutations such as base substitution, deletion, or insertion were generated in the ZFN cleavage site of EGFP-expression negative cells that were cloned from ZFN-treated cells, thereby showing it was possible to disrupt (i.e., knock out) the function of the EGFP gene in porcine somatic cells. To our knowledge, this study provides the first evidence that the ZFN-KO system can be applied to pigs. These findings may open a new avenue to the creation of gene KO pigs using ZFN-treated cells and somatic cell nuclear transfer.

  12. 牛TLR2全长基因表达质粒的构建及其在HEK293细胞中的表达(英文)%Construction of an Expression Plasmid pEGFP-N1-boTLR2 for Full-length Bovine TLR2 and Its Expression in HEK293 Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉明; 王静萱

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] This study aimed to construct a full-length bovine TLR2 expression plasmid pEGFP-N1-boTLR2 and express it in HEK293 cells. [Method] A fulllength coding sequence of bovine TLR2 was cloned by RT-PCR, and ligated into the pMD18-T simple vector and then subcloned into the pEGFP-N1 vector. A recombinant eukaryotic expression plasmid containing the full-length CDS region of bovine TLR2 was constructed and transiently transfected into HEK293 cells. The transfection efficiency and the location of recombinant protein were examined by FCM and confocal microscopy. Then the bovine TLR2 mRNA expression in HEK293/boTLR2 was detected by qRT-PCR. Finally, we analyzed the biological activity through the response that lipoteichoic acid stimulates HEK293/boTLR2 cells. [Result] The full-length TLR2 gene was successfully cloned and ligated into eukaryotic expression vector. The recombinant expression vector expressed bovine TLR2 in HEK293 cells. HEK293/boTLR2 cells produced higher levels of IL-8 secretion than nontransfected HEK293 cells when stimulated with LTA from Staphylococcus aureus. [Conclusion] The established cell model can provide a fast, flexible and convenient means for screening TLR agonists and antagonists, and may also be useful for investigating the interaction between TLR agonists and TLRs.%[目的]构建牛TLR2全长基因表达质粒,并在HEK293细胞中表达。[方法]利用RT-PCR技术克隆TLR2基因的全长编码区,连接到pMD18-Tsimplevector,再亚克隆到pEGFP-N1载体,得到包含TLR2基因全长的重组真核表达质粒。将重组质粒瞬时转染到HEK293细胞。流式细胞计数法和共聚焦显微镜法检测转染效率和表达蛋白在细胞中的定位;qRT-PCR法检测TLR2 mRNA在HEK293/boTLR2中的表达。最后,通过脂膜酸刺激HEK293/boTLR2细胞试验来分析TLR2蛋白的生物活性。[结果]成功克隆TLR2基因全长并连接到真核表达载体,并在HEK293细胞中表达。在LTA刺激的条件下,转染重

  13. Trichomonas vaginalis virus-mediated expression of EGFP in the parasitic protozoan Trichomonas vagi-nails%阴道毛滴虫病毒介导的EGFP在阴道毛滴虫细胞内的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭瑞娟; 李淑红; 张西臣; 李建华; 宫鹏涛; 杨举; 张国才

    2010-01-01

    目的 研究阴道毛滴虫病毒(Trichomonas vaginalis virus,TVV)介导外源基因进入阴道毛滴虫体内表达的能力,探索TVV作为双链RNA病毒转染载体的可能性.方法 根据TVV基因组的序列特征,用绿色荧光蛋白(EG-FP)编码基因替换TVV的全部或部分基因编码区,构建TVV与增强型EGFP编码基因的嵌合体pTVV-EGFP,其体外转录体经电穿孔方法转染携病毒阴道毛滴虫株,RT-PCR及SDS-PAGE方法检测EGFP的表达情况.结果 电穿孔转染后培养的虫体在荧光显微镜下观察到绿色荧光信号,且续传15代后仍然存在;RT-PCR检测到EGFP的mRNA,SDS-PAGE检测到转染后虫体及培养上清中有分子质量单位为27 ku的蛋白,与已知EGFP的分子质量相符.结论 TVV能成功介导外源性EGFP编码基因在阴道毛滴虫体内表达.

  14. Generation of mt:egfp transgenic zebrafish biosensor for the detection of aquatic zinc and cadmium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lili; Yan, Yanchun; Wang, Jian; Wu, Wei; Xu, Lei

    2016-08-01

    Zebrafish embryo toxicity testing has become a popular method for detecting environmental pollutions. However, the present research showed that zebrafish embryos exhibited no visible paramorphia, malformation, or mortality when exposed to heavy metals in a range above environmental standard limits, indicating that zebrafish embryos are an imprecise model for monitoring environmental heavy metals concentrations above regulatory limits. Aiming to obtain a biosensor for aquatic heavy metals, a metal-sensitive vector including zebrafish metallothionein (MT) promoter and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was reconstructed and microinjected into 1-cell stage zebrafish embryos. The authors obtained an mt:egfp transgenic zebrafish line sensitive to aquatic zinc and cadmium. A quantitative experiment showed that zinc and cadmium treatment significantly induced the expression of EGFP in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In particular, EGFP messenger RNA levels increased remarkably when exposed to heavy metals above the standard limits. The results suggest that the transgenic zebrafish is a highly sensitive biosensor for detecting environmental levels of zinc and cadmium. Environ Toxicol Chem 2016;35:2066-2073. © 2016 SETAC. PMID:26752424

  15. Fluorescence lifetime dynamics of eGFP in protein aggregates with expanded polyQ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghukasyan, Vladimir; Hsu, Chih-Chun; Liu, Chia-Rung; Kao, Fu-Jen; Cheng, Tzu-Hao

    2009-02-01

    Expanding a polyglutamine (polyQ) stretch at the N-terminus of huntingtin protein is the main cause of the neurodegenerative disorder Huntington's disease (HD). Expansion of polyQ above 39 residues has an inherent propensity to form amyloid-like fibrils and aggregation of the mutant protein is found to be a critical component for abnormal pathology of HD. Using yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model system, we have observed a decrease in fluorescence lifetime of the enhanced green fluorescence protein (eGFP) fused to 97 successive glutamine residues (97Q). Compared to the sample expressing evenly distributed eGFP, the 97Q-eGFP fusion proteins show the formation of grain-like particles and the reduction of eGFP lifetime by ~250 ps as measured by time-correlated single-photon counting technique (TCSPC). More importantly, this phenomenon does not appear in Hsp104-deficient cells. The gene product of HSP104 is required for the formation of polyQ aggregates in yeast cells; therefore, the cellular 97Q-eGFP become soluble and evenly distributive in the absence of Hsp104. Under this condition, the lifetime value of 97Q-eGFP is close to the one exhibited by eGFP alone. The independence of the effect of the environmental parameters, such as pH and refraction index is demonstrated. These data indicate that the fluorescence lifetime dynamics of eGFP is linked to the process of polyQ protein aggregation per se.

  16. Use of TSHβ:EGFP transgenic zebrafish as a rapid in vivo model for assessing thyroid-disrupting chemicals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ji, Cheng [Key Laboratory of Aquatic Biodiversity and Conservation of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Jin, Xia; He, Jiangyan [Key Laboratory of Aquatic Biodiversity and Conservation of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei (China); Yin, Zhan, E-mail: zyin@ihb.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Aquatic Biodiversity and Conservation of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei (China)

    2012-07-15

    Accumulating evidence indicates that a wide range of chemicals have the ability to interfere with the hypothalamic–pituitary–thyroid (HPT) axis. Novel endpoints should be evaluated in addition to existing methods in order to effectively assess the effects of these chemicals on the HPT axis. Thyroid-stimulating hormone subunit β (TSHβ) plays central regulatory roles in the HPT system. We identified the regulatory region that determines the expression level of zebrafish TSHβ in the anterior pituitary. In the transgenic zebrafish with EGFP driven by the TSHβ promoter, the similar responsive patterns between the expression levels of TSHβ:EGFP and endogenous TSHβ mRNA in the pituitary are observed following treatments with goitrogen chemicals and exogenous thyroid hormones (THs). These results suggest that the TSHβ:EGFP transgenic reporter zebrafish may be a useful alternative in vivo model for the assessment of chemicals interfering with the HPT system. Highlights: ► The promoter of zebrafish TSHβ gene has been identified. ► The stable TSHβ:EGFP transgenic zebrafish reporter germline has been generated. ► The EGFP in the transgenic fish recapitulated the pattern of pituitary TSHβ mRNA. ► The transgenic zebrafish may be an in vivo model for EDC assessment.

  17. An E.coil SOS-EGFP biosensor for fast and sensitive detection of DNA damaging agents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhilan Chen; Meiling Lu; Dandan Zou; Hailin Wang

    2012-01-01

    An E.coli SOS-EGFP biosensor which expresses enhanced green fluorescent protein as a reporter protein under the control of recA gene promoter in SOS response was constructed for detection of DNA damage and evaluation of DNA damaging chemicals.The chemicals that may cause substantial DNA damage will trigger SOS response in the constructed bacterial biosensor,and then the reporter egfp gene under the control of recA promoter is stimulated to express as a fluorescent protein,allowing fast and sensitive fluorescence detection.Interestingly,this biosensor can be simultaneously applied for evaluation of genotoxicity and cytotoxicity.The SOS-EGFP bacterial biosensor provides a sensitive,specific and simple method for detecting known and potential DNA damaging chemicals.

  18. Lifeact-mEGFP reveals a dynamic apical F-actin network in tip growing plant cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Vidali

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Actin is essential for tip growth in plants. However, imaging actin in live plant cells has heretofore presented challenges. In previous studies, fluorescent probes derived from actin-binding proteins often alter growth, cause actin bundling and fail to resolve actin microfilaments. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In this report we use Lifeact-mEGFP, an actin probe that does not affect the dynamics of actin, to visualize actin in the moss Physcomitrella patens and pollen tubes from Lilium formosanum and Nicotiana tobaccum. Lifeact-mEGFP robustly labels actin microfilaments, particularly in the apex, in both moss protonemata and pollen tubes. Lifeact-mEGFP also labels filamentous actin structures in other moss cell types, including cells of the gametophore. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Lifeact-mEGFP, when expressed at optimal levels does not alter moss protonemal or pollen tube growth. We suggest that Lifeact-mEGFP represents an exciting new versatile probe for further studies of actin's role in tip growing plant cells.

  19. Construction of EGFP-tagged rBCG of E.tenella and distribution in chickens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Chicken coccidiosis is a major parasitic disease with substantial economic burden to the poultry industry.Enhanced green fluorescent protein(EGFP) tagged recombinant Bacille Calmette-Guerin(rBCG),as a fusion protein with coccidian rhomboid antigen was constructed to track rBCG in vivo in chickens in this study.Immunization of chickens with one dose of rBCG pMV361-Rho/EGFP induced humoral immune response.The colonization of rBCG in liver,spleen,lung,kidney and caecum was observed by laser confocal microscopy.Real-time quantitative RT-PCR showed a rise expression level of rhomboid protein on the 7th day and a peak on the 14th day and disappearance on the 28th day after immunization.These results have significant implications for the development of rBCG vaccines against avian coccidiosis.

  20. Development of Neutralization Assay Using an eGFP Chikungunya Virus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng-Lin Deng

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Chikungunya virus (CHIKV, a member of the Alphavirus genus, is an important human emerging/re-emerging pathogen. Currently, there are no effective antiviral drugs or vaccines against CHIKV infection. Herein, we construct an infectious clone of CHIKV and an eGFP reporter CHIKV (eGFP-CHIKV with an isolated strain (assigned to Asian lineage from CHIKV-infected patients. The eGFP-CHIKV reporter virus allows for direct visualization of viral replication through the levels of eGFP expression. Using a known CHIKV inhibitor, ribavirin, we confirmed that the eGFP-CHIKV reporter virus could be used to identify inhibitors against CHIKV. Importantly, we developed a novel and reliable eGFP-CHIKV reporter virus-based neutralization assay that could be used for rapid screening neutralizing antibodies against CHIKV.

  1. Development of Neutralization Assay Using an eGFP Chikungunya Virus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Cheng-Lin; Liu, Si-Qing; Zhou, Dong-Gen; Xu, Lin-Lin; Li, Xiao-Dan; Zhang, Pan-Tao; Li, Peng-Hui; Ye, Han-Qing; Wei, Hong-Ping; Yuan, Zhi-Ming; Qin, Cheng-Feng; Zhang, Bo

    2016-01-01

    Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), a member of the Alphavirus genus, is an important human emerging/re-emerging pathogen. Currently, there are no effective antiviral drugs or vaccines against CHIKV infection. Herein, we construct an infectious clone of CHIKV and an eGFP reporter CHIKV (eGFP-CHIKV) with an isolated strain (assigned to Asian lineage) from CHIKV-infected patients. The eGFP-CHIKV reporter virus allows for direct visualization of viral replication through the levels of eGFP expression. Using a known CHIKV inhibitor, ribavirin, we confirmed that the eGFP-CHIKV reporter virus could be used to identify inhibitors against CHIKV. Importantly, we developed a novel and reliable eGFP-CHIKV reporter virus-based neutralization assay that could be used for rapid screening neutralizing antibodies against CHIKV. PMID:27367716

  2. Construction of EGFP-tagged rBCG of E.tenella and distribution in chickens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG QiuYue; LI JianHua; ZHANG XiChen; LIU ChengWu; CAO LiLi; REN KeYan; GONG PengTao; CAI YaNan

    2009-01-01

    Chicken coccidiosis is a major parasitic disease with substantial economic burden to the poultry in-dustry. Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) tagged recombinant Bacille Calmette-Guerin (rBCG), as a fusion protein with coccidian rhomboid antigen was constructed to track rBCG in vivo in chickens in this study. Immunization of chickens with one dose of rBCG pMV361-Rho/EGFP induced humoral immune response. The colonization of rBCG in liver, spleen, lung, kidney and caecum was observed by laser confocal microscopy. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR showed s rise expression level of rhomboid protein on the 7th day and a peak on the 14th day and disappearance on the 28th day after immunization. These results have significant implications for the development of rBCG vaccines against avian coccidiosis.

  3. The flavonoid luteolin worsens chemical-induced colitis in NF-kappaB(EGFP transgenic mice through blockade of NF-kappaB-dependent protective molecules.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Karrasch

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The flavonoid luteolin has anti-inflammatory properties both in vivo and in vitro. However, the impact of luteolin on experimental models of colitis is unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To address the therapeutic impact of luteolin, NF-kappaB(EGFP transgenic mice were fed a chow diet containing 2% luteolin- or isoflavone-free control chow (AIN-76, and acute colitis was induced using 3% dextran sodium sulfate (DSS. Additionally, development of spontaneous colitis was evaluated in IL-10(-/-;NF-kappaB(EGFP transgenic mice fed 2% luteolin chow diet or control chow diet. Interestingly, NF-kappaB(EGFP transgenic mice exposed to luteolin showed worse DSS-induced colitis (weight loss, histological scores compared to control-fed mice, whereas spontaneous colitis in IL-10(-/-;NF-kappaB(EGFP mice was significantly attenuated. Macroscopic imaging of live resected colon showed enhanced EGFP expression (NF-kappaB activity in luteolin-fed mice as compared to control-fed animals after DSS exposure, while cecal EGFP expression was attenuated in luteolin-fed IL-10(-/- mice. Interestingly, confocal microscopy showed that EGFP positive cells were mostly located in the lamina propria and not in the epithelium. Caspase 3 activation was significantly enhanced whereas COX-2 gene expression was reduced in luteolin-fed, DSS-exposed NF-kappaB(EGFP transgenic mice as assessed by Western blot and immunohistochemical analysis. In vitro, luteolin sensitized colonic epithelial HT29 cells to TNFalpha-induced apoptosis, caspase 3 activation, DNA fragmentation and reduced TNFalpha-induced C-IAP1, C-IAP2 and COX-2 gene expression. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: We conclude that while luteolin shows beneficial effects on spontaneous colitis, it aggravates DSS-induced experimental colitis by blocking NF-kappaB-dependent protective molecules in enterocytes.

  4. EGFP oligomers as natural fluorescence and hydrodynamic standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vámosi, György; Mücke, Norbert; Müller, Gabriele; Krieger, Jan Wolfgang; Curth, Ute; Langowski, Jörg; Tóth, Katalin

    2016-01-01

    EGFP oligomers are convenient standards for experiments on fluorescent protein-tagged biomolecules. In this study, we characterized their hydrodynamic and fluorescence properties. Diffusion coefficients D of EGFP1-4 were determined by analytical ultracentrifugation with fluorescence detection and by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS), yielding 83.4…48.2 μm(2)/s and 97.3…54.8 μm(2)/s from monomer to tetramer. A "barrels standing in a row" model agreed best with the sedimentation data. Oligomerization red-shifted EGFP emission spectra without any shift in absorption. Fluorescence anisotropy decreased, indicating homoFRET between the subunits. Fluorescence lifetime decreased only slightly (4%) indicating insignificant quenching by FRET to subunits in non-emitting states. FCS-measured D, particle number and molecular brightness depended on dark states and light-induced processes in distinct subunits, resulting in a dependence on illumination power different for monomers and oligomers. Since subunits may be in "on" (bright) or "off" (dark) states, FCS-determined apparent brightness is not proportional to that of the monomer. From its dependence on the number of subunits, the probability of the "on" state for a subunit was determined to be 96% at pH 8 and 77% at pH 6.38, i.e., protonation increases the dark state. These fluorescence properties of EGFP oligomeric standards can assist interpreting results from oligomerized EGFP fusion proteins of biological interest. PMID:27622431

  5. Continuously Expressing HIV-1 Gag and EGFP by Retroviral Vector Induced SP2/0 Cell Lines%反转录病毒介导的稳定表达HIV-1Gag蛋白和增强型绿色荧光蛋白细胞系的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王婧; 李昌; 李林溪; 胡博; 丛艳昭; 任大勇; 王卓越; 杜寿文; 金宁一

    2011-01-01

    本研究旨在建立中国流行株人免疫缺陷病毒(HIV-1)衣壳蛋白(Gag)哺乳动物稳定表达细胞系.将HIV-1核心蛋白基因gag和增强型绿色荧光蛋白基因EGFP依次串联插入反转录病毒载体pFB-neo,构建重组反转录病毒载体pFB-gag-EGFP,并与含有辅助病毒gag-pol和env基因的质粒pVPack-GP、pVPack-10A1共转染HEK293T细胞,包装出的反转录病毒感染小鼠骨髓瘤细胞SP2/0.荧光显微镜下观察绿色荧光蛋白EGFP表达,验证HIV-1核心蛋白Gag表达,G418抗性筛选阳性细胞.结果表明,HIV-1核心蛋白Gag和增强型绿色荧光蛋白可在SP2/0细胞中稳定表达,HIV-1核心蛋白gag基因稳定表达细胞系成功建立,为抗AIDS治疗用基因工程制剂及靶向药物的活性检测提供了理想方法.%To construct a retroviral vector mediated mammalian cell expression cell line of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) core protein, the recombinant retroviral vector pFB-gagFGFP was constructed by inserting core protein gene gag of HIV-1 and enhanced green fluorescent protein gene EGFP into pFB-neo by turns. The recombinant retroviral vector, the pVPackGP plasmid containing the helper virus gag-Pol gene and pVPack-10A1 plasmid containing env gene were cotransfected into packaging cell line HEK-293T with liposome-mediated transduction,and then the recombinant retrovirus was collected and infected SP2/0 cells. The green fluorescent protein was observed under fluorescence microscope, and the expression of core protein Gag of HIV-1 was verified. The resistance cells were screened by G418. The core protein Gag of HIV-1 and green fluorescent protein could express in SP2/0 cells, and the mammalian cell line of the core protein gene gag of HIV-1 had been constructed successfully, which laid a mouse cell model of activity assay of anti-AIDS genetic engineering therapeutic agents and targeted drugs.

  6. Effect of the HBV Capsid Assembly Inhibitor Bayer 41-4109 on the Intracellular Localization of EGFP-Core Fusion Proteins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aris Haryanto

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Bayer 41-4109 is heteroarylpyrimidine (HAP which has been identified as potent of HBV capsid assemblyinhibitor. The present study was to study effect of Bayer 41-4109 treatment on the intracellular localization ofEGFP-Core fusion proteins into HepG2 cells. Three recombinant plasmids of pEGFP-Core with single, double andtriple NLS of HBV core (EGFP-Core 1C, 2C and 3C and two recombinant plasmids with single and triple NLS ofSV-40 (EGFP-Core 1 and 3 SV-40 were used in this work. After transient transfected into HepG2 cells and treatedwith Bayer 41-4109, the intracellular localization of expressed fusion proteins from all plasmid constructions weredetermined and quantified under confocal laser microscope. Results shown that Bayer 41-4109 treatment in HepG2cells inhibited the nuclear localization of EGFP-Core with single of triple HBV core NLS. As well as the constructionsof expressed fusion protein with single and triple SV-40 NLS (EGFP-Core 1 and 3 SV-40 NLS showeddecreasing the nuclear localization after treated with Bayer 41-4109, even not as strong as EGFP-Core 1C and 3CNLS. Bayer 41-4109 has been identified as a potent inhibitors of HBV replication which has multiple effects on HBVcapsid assembly. It may inhibit virus replication by inducing assembly inappropriately and by misdirectingassembly decreasing the stability of normal capsids.Keywords: HBV capsid, Bayer 41-4109, EGFP-Core fusion protein, HepG2 cell

  7. The sustained-release behavior and in vitro and in vivo transfection of pEGFP-loaded core-shell-structured chitosan-based composite particles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Y

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Yun Wang,1 Fu-xing Lin,2 Yu Zhao,1 Mo-zhen Wang,2 Xue-wu Ge,2 Zheng-xing Gong,1 Dan-dan Bao,1 Yu-fang Gu1 1Department of Plastic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, 2CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Novel submicron core-shell-structured chitosan-based composite particles ­encapsulated with enhanced green fluorescent protein plasmids (pEGFP were prepared by complex coacervation method. The core was pEGFP-loaded thiolated N-alkylated chitosan (TACS and the shell was pH- and temperature-responsive hydroxybutyl chitosan (HBC. pEGFP-loaded TACS-HBC composite particles were spherical, and had a mean diameter of approximately 120 nm, as measured by transmission electron microscopy and particle size analyzer. pEGFP showed sustained release in vitro for >15 days. Furthermore, in vitro transfection in human embryonic kidney 293T and human cervix epithelial cells, and in vivo transfection in mice skeletal muscle of loaded pEGFP, were investigated. Results showed that the expression of loaded pEGFP, both in vitro and in vivo, was slow but could be sustained over a long period. pEGFP expression in mice skeletal muscle was sustained for >60 days. This work indicates that these submicron core-shell-structured chitosan-based composite particles could potentially be used as a gene vector for in vivo controlled gene transfection. Keywords: gene therapy, gene transfection, hydroxybutyl chitosan, thiolated N-alkylated chitosan, pEGFP, complex coacervation

  8. Construction of Eukaryotic Expression Vector pCB1-EGFP and its Expression in HeLa Cells%大鼠大麻素Ⅰ型受体绿色荧光融合蛋白真核表达载体的构建与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯睿; 范娟; 刘一辉; 钱召强; 魏春玲; 任维

    2014-01-01

    目的:构建大鼠大麻素型Ⅰ受体绿色荧光融合蛋白真核表达载体并观察其在细胞中的表达.方法:大鼠CB1基因序列设计引物,以大鼠脑组织为模板扩增CB1基因编码区片段,克隆至增强型绿色荧光蛋白表达载体pEGFP-N3中,构建重组融合蛋白表达载体pCB1-EGFP.将pCB1-EGFP质粒转染HeLa细胞,通过观察EGFP报告基因的表达以及免疫荧光,Western Blot方法鉴定CB1可在真核细胞中过表达情况.结果:构建重组融合蛋白表达载体pCB 1-EGFP,单双酶切和测序验证正确.将pCB1-EGFP质粒转染HeLa细胞,荧光显微镜下观察到融合表达的绿色荧光蛋白,且呈胞膜表达.免疫荧光试验也证明重组载体转染后,CB1基因和GFP共同定位于胞膜部分.Western Blot实验证明表达CB1蛋白.结论:成功构建了高表达的CB 1-EGFP融合蛋白真核表达载体.

  9. Adenoviral-mediated Hath1-EGFP gene transfer into guinea pig cochlea through intact round window membrane

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Wei; HU Yin-yan; YANG Shi-ming; GUO Wei; SUN Jian-he; HAN Dong-yi; ZHAI Suo-qiang; YANG Wei-yan; David Z.Z.He

    2008-01-01

    Objective To study expression of adenovira1-mediated Hathl-EGFP gene in the guinea pig cochlea after transfer through intact round window membrane (RWM), and to assess its effects on hearing. Methods Twenty adult guinea pigs were used, of which: 12 were surgically inoculated with AdHath1-EGFP in the bony groove of round window niche, and 8 with artificial perilymph. Auditory brainstem response(ABR) thresholds were determined in all animals before and 5 days after surgery. On post-surgery day 5 and day 14, animals were sacrificed and whole mounts of cochlea and fro zensections were examined. Results ABR tests showed no significant change of hearing after the surgery.Strong fluorescence staining in the cochleae was seen in Ad-Hathl-EGFP groups. The highest levels of gene expression were seen in the post-surgery day 5 group with tittle decrease on post-surgery day 14.The contralateral cochlea and those in the control groups were free of fluorescence staining. Conclusion The transgenic Hath1-EGFP can be effectively delivered into the inner ear through intact RWM, in an atraumatic manner.

  10. Retrovirus-mediated transfer of the fusion gene encoding EGFP-BMP2 in mesenchymal stem cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yingang; Guo Xiong; Liu Zheng; Wang Shijie

    2007-01-01

    Objective To develop retrovirus-mediated transfer of the fusion gene encoding EGFP-BMP2 in mesenchymal stem cells. Methods Mesenchymal stem cells from New Zealand white rabbits were transduced with retroviral pLEGFP-BMP2 vector by the optimized retroviral transduction protocol. Fluorescent microscopy's examination was to evaluate the results of the transduction, flow cytometer's analysis was to evaluate the transduction efficiency and the Fluorescence-activated cell sorting method was to sort the transduced cells. Bioactivity test from C2C12K4 cells was to show the expression and bio-activity of the fusion gene. Results Fluorescent microscopy showed the success of the transduction. By flow cytometer's analysis, the mean efficiency of the transduction with EGFP was (42.8±6.1)% SD. Transduced cells were sorted efficiently by the fluorescence-activated cell sorting method and after sorting, almost of those showed the expression of BMP2. Fluorescently and strongly bioactivity test for C2C12K4 cells demonstrated that fluorescent materials were located the surface of cells and the activity of luciferase increased compared with the control. Analysis of long-term expression showed there was no difference between 2 week-time point and 3 month-time point of culture post-sorting. Conclusion Mesenchymal stem cells can be transduced efficiently by retrovirus-mediated transfer of the fusion gene encoding EGFP-BMP2, the highly pure transduced cells are obtained by the fluorescence-activated cell sorting technique, the expressed chimeric protein embraced the double bioactivity of EGFP and BMP2, and moreover, the expression had not attenuated over time.

  11. mglur6b:EGFP Transgenic zebrafish suggest novel functions of metabotropic glutamate signaling in retina and other brain regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glasauer, Stella M K; Wäger, Robert; Gesemann, Matthias; Neuhauss, Stephan C F

    2016-08-15

    Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are mainly known for regulating excitability of neurons. However, mGluR6 at the photoreceptor-ON bipolar cell synapse mediates sign inversion through glutamatergic inhibition. Although this is currently the only confirmed function of mGluR6, other functions have been suggested. Here we present Tg(mglur6b:EGFP)zh1, a new transgenic zebrafish line recapitulating endogenous expression of one of the two mglur6 paralogs in zebrafish. Investigating transgene as well as endogenous mglur6b expression within the zebrafish retina indicates that EGFP and mglur6b mRNA are not only expressed in bipolar cells, but also in a subset of ganglion and amacrine cells. The amacrine cells labeled in Tg(mglur6b:EGFP)zh1 constitute a novel cholinergic, non-GABAergic, non-starburst amacrine cell type described for the first time in teleost fishes. Apart from the retina, we found transgene expression in subsets of periventricular neurons of the hypothalamus, Purkinje cells of the cerebellum, various cell types of the optic tectum, and mitral/ruffed cells of the olfactory bulb. These findings suggest novel functions of mGluR6 besides sign inversion at ON bipolar cell dendrites, opening up the possibility that inhibitory glutamatergic signaling may be more prevalent than currently thought. J. Comp. Neurol. 524:2363-2378, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:27121676

  12. Treatment of APP/PS1 Double Transgenic Mice of Alzheimer ‘s Disease by Transplanting pEGFP/A2M (FP6) Transfected Neural Stem Cells into the Hippocampus%pEGFP/A2M(FP6)转染神经干细胞海马移植治疗APP/PS1双转基因AD小鼠的实验观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武强; 廖光昊; 李露斯; 范文辉; 黎红华; 濮捷; 徐志鹏; 程鹤; 杨柳; 刘菲

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To observe the migration and differentiation of pEGFP/A2M (FP6) transfected neural stem cells (NSCs), the deposits of Aβ in the brain and the change of learning and memory ability of APP/PS1 double transgenic mice of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) after the NSCs were transplanted into the hippocampus. Methods: APP/PS1 transgenic AD mice were randomly divided into four groups: sham operated (SO) group, artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF) group, transfected pEGFP neural stem cell (pEGFP-NSCs) group and transfected pEGFP/A2M(FP6) neural stem cell (pEGFP/A2M(FP6)-NSCs) group. The ACSF, pEGFP-NSCs or pEGFP/A2M (FP6)-NSCs were transplanted into the CA1 region of the hippocampus of the mice. The learning and memory ability of the mice were assessed with Mirror water maze test. The migration and differentiation of pEGFP/A2M(FP6) transfected NSCs and the deposits of Aβ in the brain of the mice were observed by immuno-histochemistry. Results: The latencies of pEGFP/A2M (FP6)-NSCs group and pEGFP-NSCs group were significantly shorter than that in the SO group and ASCF group (P<0.05). The latency of pEGFP/A2M(FP6)-NSCs group was shorter than that in the pEGFP-NSCs group (P<0.05). Anti-Aβ detection showed Aβ deposits in the hippocampus and cortex of pEGFP/A2M(FP6)-NSCs group and pEGFP-NSCs group were surrounded by transplanted NSCs. The amount and average size of Aβ deposits in the hippocampus and cortex of pEGFP/A2M (FP6)-NSCs group were reduced markedly, compared with the other three groups (P<0.05). The expression of Nestin was detecte after transplantation. Immunofluorescent detection indicated that majority of transplanted cells expressed GFAP while only a few cells expressed MAP-2. Conclusion: Transplantation of pEGFP/A2M (FP6)-NSCs into the hippocampal region of APP/PS1 double transgenic AD mice could reduce the Aβ deposits and promote the learning and memory ability. Partial transplanted NSCs will differentiate into neurons or astro-cytes.%目的:携带pEGFP

  13. Surface display of monkey metallothionein {alpha} tandem repeats and EGFP fusion protein on Pseudomonas putida X4 for biosorption and detection of cadmium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He, Xiaochuan; Chen, Wenli; Huang, Qiaoyun [Huazhong Agricultural Univ., Wuhan (China). State Key Lab. of Agricultural Microbiology

    2012-09-15

    Monkey metallothionein {alpha} domain tandem repeats (4mMT{alpha}), which exhibit high cadmium affinity, have been displayed for the first time on the surface of a bacterium using ice nucleation protein N-domain (inaXN) protein from the Xanthomonas campestris pv (ACCC - 10049) as an anchoring motif. The shuttle vector pIME, which codes for INAXN-4mMT{alpha}-EGFP fusion, was constructed and used to target 4mMT{alpha} and EGFP on the surface of Pseudomonas putida X4 (CCTCC - 209319). The surface location of the INAXN-4mMT{alpha}-EGFP fusion was further verified by western blot analysis and immunofluorescence microscopy. The growth of X4 showed resistance to cadmium presence. The presence of surface-exposed 4mMT{alpha} on the engineered strains was four times higher than that of the wild-type X4. The Cd{sup 2+} accumulation by X4/pIME was not only four times greater than that of the original host bacterial cells but was also remarkably unaffected by the presence of Cu{sup 2+} and Zn{sup 2+}. Moreover, the surface-engineered strains could effectively bind Cd{sup 2+} under a wide range of pH levels, from 4 to 7. P. putida X4/pIME with surface-expressed 4mMT{alpha}-EGFP had twice the cadmium binding capacity as well as 1.4 times the fluorescence as the cytoplasmic 4mMTa-EGFP. These results suggest that P. putida X4 expressing 4mMT{alpha}-EGFP with the INAXN anchor motif on the surface would be a useful tool for the remediation and biodetection of environmental cadmium contaminants. (orig.)

  14. Act-1 core promoter region introduces high-performance transcription of EGFP gene expressed in Caenorhabditis elegans%Act-1核心启动子转录的EGFP基因在秀丽隐杆线虫体内的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周前进; 姜小磊; 张红丽; 杜爱芳

    2009-01-01

    克隆获得的秀丽隐杆线虫(Caenorhabditis elegans)Act-1基因的核心启动子,经BglⅡ和HindⅢ限制性内切酶消化后,与用相同酶消化的pEGFP-4.1载体连接(由pEGFP-N1去掉CMV启动子形成),构建重组表达载体Pact-EGFP.通过脂质体介导转染Veto细胞,结果发现EGFP在Vero细胞中有表达,但表达量很低.通过显微注射将Pact-EGFP与pRF4共注射到C. elegans性腺,结果发现EGFP能够在C. elegans的皮层、副皮层以及咽部表达,根据表达部位不同,获得了2种转基因线虫株.研究结果显示:EGFP在C. elegans体内的表达水平明显高于在Vero细胞内的表达,表明C.elegans Act-1基因的核心启动子区域可能存在与转录水平密切相关的独特的转录调节元件.该研究为进一步实现寄生性线虫基因在C.elegans表达提供了参考.

  15. Construction and identification of recombinant baculovirus vector to coexpress GDNF and EGFP gene%GDNF和EGFP双基因共表达重组杆状病毒载体的构建及鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈艳春; 王俊; 王士礼; 蔡昌枰; 李彪; 张一帆; 郭睿

    2009-01-01

    目的 构建携带增强型绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)和胶质细胞源性神经营养因子(GDNF)的重组杆状病毒载体.方法 将目的 基因(EGFP和GDNF)克隆人杆状病毒表达载体pFastBacDual中,构建重组质粒pFB-EGFP-GDNF并予酶切鉴定;将pFB-EGFP-GDNF转化到含杆状病毒穿梭载体Bacmid的DH10Bac感受态菌中,获得重组杆状病毒载体Bacmid-EGFP-GDNF,抽提质粒并行PCR鉴定;脂质体转染法将Bacmid-EGFP-GDNF转染Sf9细胞包装病毒;免疫荧光法检测Sf9细胞EGFP和GDNF蛋白表达.结果 目的 基因片段正确插入pFastBacDual载体中;重组Bacmid正确;Bacmid-EGFP-GDNF包装转染成功,获得较高病毒滴度;免疫荧光检测表明,Sf9细胞中GDNF和EGFP蛋白共表达.结论 成功构建重组杆状病毒Bacmid-EGFP-GDNF,转染SD细胞共表达GDNF和EGFP蛋白,为进一步研究GDNF蛋白对内耳的保护作用奠定了实验基础.%Objective To construct a novel enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) recombinant baculovirus. Methods The target gene(EGFP and GDNF) was cloned into baculovirus transfer vector pFastBacDual, pFB-EGFP-GDNF was constructed and restriction enzyme analysis was conducted. pFB-EGFP-GDNF was transposited with baculovirus shuttle vector (Bacmid) into DH10Bac competent cells, and recombination baculovirus vector Bacmid-EGFP-GDNF was constructed. The plasmid was extracted and PCR was performed for identification. Bacmid-EGFP-GDNF was transfected with Sf9 insect cell package virus by liposomal transfection method. Immunofluorescent staining was employed to detect the expression of EGFP and GDNF protein in St9 cells. Results The target gene fragment was correctly cloned into pFastBaeDual vector, and recombinant Bacmid was constructed. Bacmid-EGFP-GDNF was successfully transfected, and higher virus titer was obtained. The coexpression of GDNF and EGFP protein in Sf9 cells was identified by immunofluorescent staining

  16. Feasibility of dual reporter gene in rat myoblast cell line using human sodium iodide symporter (hNIS) and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To develop a non-invasive combined imaging method of gamma camera and optical imaging to assess rat myoblast cell line, H9c2, we constructed retrovirus containing hNIS and EGFP gene, and transfected to rat myoblast cell and monitored hNIS and EGFP expression. Rat myoblast cell line, H9C2, was transfected with hNIS and EGFP gene using retrovirus (H9C2-NG). The expression of hNIS and EGFP gene was determined by RT-PCR and fluorescence microscopy, respectively. The uptake and efflux of I-125 were measured in the transfected and wild type cell lines. Each cell line was injected to 4 flank sites (H9c2: 1X107 or 2X107, H9C2-NG: 1X107 or 2X107) in nude mouse. Scintigraphic image was performed at 3h, 1 day after H9C2 and H9C2-NG cell inoculation. We performed gamma camera and animal PET imaging to evaluate NIS expression. Also, GFP image obtained using optical imaging system. The expression of hNIS and EGFP gene was confirmed by RT-PCR. In iodide uptake, H9C2-NG cells accumulated 274.52.2 pmol/ mg protein at 30 min. But wild type cell line did not uptake iodide. In fluorescent microscopy, H9C2-NG cells were highly fluorescent than that of H9C2 cells. In iodide efflux study, 50% of radioactivity flowed out during the first 10min. Scintigraphy showed increased uptake of Tc-99m in H9c2-NG than in H9C2 for 1 day. Also, H9C2-NG cells showed high signal-to-background fluorescent spots in animal body. In this study, NIS and EGFP reporter gene were successfully transfected by a retrovirus in myoblast cell line, and the transfected cell can be easily visualized in vivo. These results suggest that NIS and EGFP gene has an excellent feasibility as a reporter gene, and it can be used to monitor cell trafficking for monitoring

  17. Thalidomide Effects in Patients with Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia During Therapeutic Treatment and in Fli-EGFP Transgenic Zebrafish Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong-Ling Peng; Yi-Fang Yi; Shun-Ke Zhou; Si-Si Xie; Guang-Sen Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Background: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by recurrent epistaxis,mucocutaneous telangiectasia, and arteriovenous malformations.The efficacy of traditional treatments for HHT is very limited.The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic role of thalidomide in HHT patients and the effect in FLI-EGFP transgenic zebrafish model.Methods: HHT was diagnosed according to Shovlin criteria.Five HHT patients were treated with thalidomide (100 mg/d).The Epistaxis Severity Score (ESS), telangiectasia spots, and hepatic computed tomography angiography (CTA) were used to assess the clinical efficacy of thalidomide.The Fli-EGFP zebrafish model was investigated for the effect of thalidomide on angiogenesis.Dynamic real-time polymerase chain reaction assay, ELISA and Western blotting from patient's peripheral blood mononuclear cells and plasma were used to detect the expression of transforming growth factor beta 3 (TGF-β3) messenger RNA (mRNA) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein before and after 6 months of thalidomide treatment.Results: The average ESS before and after thalidomide were 6.966 ± 3.093 and 1.799 ± 0.627, respectively (P =0.009).The "telangiectatic spot" on the tongue almost vanished;CTA examination of case 2 indicated a smaller proximal hepatic artery and decreased or ceased hepatic artery collateral circulation.The Fli-EGFP zebrafish model manifested discontinuous vessel development and vascular occlusion (7 of 10 fishes), and the TGF-β3 mRNA expression of five patients was lower after thalidomide therapy.The plasma VEGF protein expression was down-regulated in HHT patients.Conclusions: Thalidomide reverses telangiectasia and controls nosebleeds by down-regulating the expression of TGF-β3 and VEGF in HHT patients.It also leads to vascular remodeling in the zebrafish model.

  18. 不同方法转染人前列腺癌PC-3细胞pEGFP-N1基因的体外实验研究%Study of pEGFP-N1 transfection into human prostate cancer cell PC-3 by different transfecticion methods in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴作辉; 白文坤; 张吉臻; 张跃力; 申锷; 胡兵

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨转染人前列腺癌PC-3细胞pEGFP-N1基因的最佳转染方法.方法:以超声微泡造影剂、超声辐照、脂质体转染及其相互结合的方法,将质粒pEGFP-N1基因转染人前列腺癌PC-3细胞,24 h后以荧光显微镜观察前列腺癌PC-3细胞中的绿色荧光蛋白表达情况,并用流式细胞仪测定转染率.结果:以超声+微泡+脂质体组基因转染效率最高,与其他组比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:超声联合微泡与脂质体结合能明显提高pEGFP-N1基因在人前列腺癌细胞中的转染率,是一种较理想的基因转染方法.%Objective: To find a better method to transfer pEGFP-Nl into human PC-3 prostate cancer cell. Methods:Ultrasound contrast agent microbubbles, ultrasound, and lipofection method or combined with each other were used to transfer plasmid pEGFP into human prostate cancer PC-3 cells. The expression of pEGFP-Nl was studied by fluorescerce microscope and flow cytometry 24 hours after transfection. Results: Ultrasound combined with microbubble and liposome group had the best efficiency and had significant difference compared to other groups(P<0. 05). Conclusions:The use of ultrasound, in combination with microbubbles, could be a potential physical method for increasing liposome gene delivery efficiency.

  19. Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting of EGFP-Labeled Neural Crest Cells From Murine Embryonic Craniofacial Tissue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saurabh Singh

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available During the early stages of embryogenesis, pluripotent neural crest cells (NCC are known to migrate from the neural folds to populate multiple target sites in the embryo where they differentiate into various derivatives, including cartilage, bone, connective tissue, melanocytes, glia, and neurons of the peripheral nervous system. The ability to obtain pure NCC populations is essential to enable molecular analyses of neural crest induction, migration, and/or differentiation. Crossing Wnt1-Cre and Z/EG transgenic mouse lines resulted in offspring in which the Wnt1-Cre transgene activated permanent EGFP expression only in NCC. The present report demonstrates a flow cytometric method to sort and isolate populations of EGFP-labeled NCC. The identity of the sorted neural crest cells was confirmed by assaying expression of known marker genes by TaqMan Quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (QRT-PCR. The molecular strategy described in this report provides a means to extract intact RNA from a pure population of NCC thus enabling analysis of gene expression in a defined population of embryonic precursor cells critical to development.

  20. In vitro cultivation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and establishment of pEGFP/Ang-1 transfection method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiu-Qun; Zhang; Long; Wang; Shu-Li; Zhao; Wei; Xu

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To obtain the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs).complete phenotypic identification and successfully transfecl rat BMSCs by recombinant plasmid pF.GFP/Ang-1.Methods:BMSCs were isolated from bone marrow using density gradient centrifugation method and adherence screening method,and purified.Then the recombinant plasmid pEGFP/Ang-1was used to transfect BMSCs and the positive clones were obtained by the screen of C418 and observed under light microscopy inversely.Green fluorescent exhibited by protein was enhanced to measure the change time of the expression amount of Ang-1.Results:BMSCs cell lines were obtained successfully by adherence screening method and density gradient ccntrifugation.Ang-1 recombinant plasmid was transfected smoothly into rat BMSCs,which can express Ang-1 for 3 d and decreased after 7 d.Conclusions:Adherence screening method und density gradient ceiilrifugation can be effective methods lo obtain BMSCs with high purity and rapid proliferation.Besides,the expression of transfected recombinant plasmid pEGFP/Ang-1 in rat BMSCs is satisfactory.

  1. A cationic cholesterol based nanocarrier for the delivery of p53-EGFP-C3 plasmid to cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misra, Santosh K; Naz, Sarwat; Kondaiah, Paturu; Bhattacharya, Santanu

    2014-01-01

    The p53 protein mediated anti-tumor strategy is limited due to the lack of suitable delivery agent with insignificant immunogenic response, serum compatibility, and early and easy detection of the transfected cell population. To overcome these problems, we generated a p53-EGFP-C3 fusion construct which expressed easily detectable green fluorescence protein (GFP) and allowed an estimation of p53 mediated anti-tumor activity. A mixture of cationic cholesterol gemini (Chol-5L) with natural lipid, DOPE (molar ratio 1:4), acronymed as Chol-5LD, formed a nano-liposome as characterized by various physical methods. The prepared clone was evaluated for the expression of GFP and functional p53 in HeLa and two additional cell lines with varied p53 status namely, H1299 (p53(-/-)) and HEK293T (p53(+/+)). Transfected cells were screened using RT-PCR, Western blotting, FACS analysis, MTT, Trypan blue assay and visualized under a fluorescence microscope. The p53-EGFP-C3 fusion protein induced apoptosis in cancer cells as evident from DNA fragmentation, cell cycle analysis, Annexin-V staining and PARP cleavage assays. The transfection and apoptosis induction efficiency of Chol-5LD was significantly higher than commercial reagents Lipofectamine2000 and Effectene irrespective of the cell lines examined. Further it significantly decreases the xenograft tumor volume in nude mice tumors via apoptosis as observed in H&E staining. PMID:24211075

  2. 视锥视杆细胞同源盒基因的慢病毒载体的构建%The construction of the recombinant CRX gene-containing lentiviral vectors LV-Rho-EGFP/CRX

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟; 高玲; 卢光琇; 刘刚; 王建; 周民稳

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the transfection efficiency of the recombinant cone-rod hemeobox ( CRX ) gene-containing lentiviral vector ( LV-Rho-EGFP/CRX ) drived by the Rhodopsin promoter in vitro. Methods The lentiviral vector( LV-Rho-EGFP/CRX )was reconstructed by replace of the EGFP gene fragment in the lentiviral vectors LV-Rho-EGFP with the EGFP/CRX gene fragment, which was amplified by PCR from pEGFP-C3/CRX vector. It was analyzed by restriction digestion and bidirectional sequencing. The recombination lentiviral particles were produced by the packaging 293T cell by using the Ca3( P04 )2 method, the culture supernatant was harvested and the titration of them were calculated by the limiting dilution method. The photoreceptor-deriving human retinoblastoma cell line HXO-RB44 cells were transduced by the recombinant lentiviral particles, after 48 h the GFP expression was observed under the fluorescence microscope. Results The recombinant lentiviral vector LV-Rho-EGFP/CRX had been successfully constructed, the titration of lentivirus particles was 2 × 104 IU/ml. The HXO-RB44 cells could be transduced by the recombinant lentiviral particles( 2 × 104 IU/ml ). After 48 h coculture, some HXO-RB44 cells could express GFP. Conclusions The recombination lentiviral vector LV-Rho-EGFP/CRX was successfully constructed. The photoreceptor-deriving HXO-RB44 cells could be transduced by lentiviral particles with the titration 2 × 10 IU/ml in a certain degree.%目的 构建视紫红质启动子(rhodopsin,Rho)驱动的、大鼠视锥视杆细胞同源盒基因(cone-rod homeobox gene,CRX)为目的基因的重组慢病毒载体LV-Rho-EGFP/CRX,研究其在体外的转染效率.方法 用PCR法扩增质粒pEGFP-C3/CRX中的EGFP/CRX基因片段,取代慢病毒载体LV-Rho-EGFP中的EGFP片段,构建表达载体LV-Rho-EGFP/CRX,经酶切和双向测序验证.用磷酸钙沉淀法四质粒共转染293T细胞,包装、收集病毒,利用有限稀释法测定病毒滴度.用慢病毒原

  3. Systematic colocalization errors between acridine orange and EGFP in astrocyte vesicular organelles

    OpenAIRE

    Nadrigny, F.; Li, D.; Kemnitz, K; Ropert, N.; Koulakoff, A; Rudolph, S.; Vitali, M.; Giaume, C.; Kirchhoff, F.; Oheim, M

    2007-01-01

    Dual-color imaging of acridine orange (AO) and EGFP fused to a vesicular glutamate transporter or the vesicle-associated membrane proteins 2 or 3 has been used to visualize a supposedly well-defined subpopulation of glutamatergic astrocytic secretory vesicles undergoing regulated exocytosis. However, AO metachromasy results in the concomitant emission of green and red fluorescence from AO-stained tissue. Therefore, the question arises whether AO and EGFP fluorescence can be distinguished reli...

  4. Gene transfer and expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein in variant HT-29c cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min Wang; Lars Boenicke; Bradley D. Howard; Ilka Vogel; Hoiger Kalthoff

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To study the expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene in retrovirally transduced variant HT29 cells.METHODS: The retroviral vector prkat EGFP/neo was constructed and transfected into the 293T cell using a standard calcium phosphate precipitation method. HT-29c cells (selected from HT-29 cells) were transduced by a retroviral vector encoding the GEFP gene. The fluorescence intensity of colorectal carcinoma HT-29c cells after transduced with the EGFP bearing retrovirus was visualized using fluorescence microscope and fluorescence activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis. Multiple biological behaviors of transduced cells such as the proliferating potential and the expression of various antigens were comparatively analyzed between untransduced and transduced cells in vitro. EGFP expression of the fresh tumor tissue was assessed in vivo.RESULTS: After transduced, HT-29c cells displayed a stable and long-term EGFP expression under the nonselective conditionsin vitro. After cells were successively cultured to passage 50 in vitro, EGFP expression was still at a high level. Their biological behaviors, such as expression of tumor antigens, proliferation rate and aggregation capability were not different compared to untransduced parental cells in vitro. In subcutaneous tumors, EGFP was stable and highly expressed.CONCLUSION: An EGFP expressing retroviral vector was used to transduce HT-29c cells. The transduced cells show a stable and long-term EGFP expression in vitro and in vivo.These cells with EGFP are a valuable tool forin vivo research of tumor metastatic spread.

  5. Noninvasive optical diagnostics of enhanced green fluorescent protein expression in skeletal muscle for comparison of electroporation and sonoporation efficiencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamošiūnas, Mindaugas; Kadikis, Roberts; Saknīte, Inga; Baltušnikas, Juozas; Kilikevičius, Audrius; Lihachev, Alexey; Petrovska, Ramona; Jakovels, Dainis; Šatkauskas, Saulius

    2016-04-01

    We highlight the options available for noninvasive optical diagnostics of reporter gene expression in mouse tibialis cranialis muscle. An in vivo multispectral imaging technique combined with fluorescence spectroscopy point measurements has been used for the transcutaneous detection of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) expression, providing information on location and duration of EGFP expression and allowing quantification of EGFP expression levels. For EGFP coding plasmid (pEGFP-Nuc Vector, 10 μg/50 ml) transfection, we used electroporation or ultrasound enhanced microbubble cavitation [sonoporation (SP)]. The transcutaneous EGFP fluorescence in live mice was monitored over a period of one year using the described parameters: area of EGFP positive fibers, integral intensity, and mean intensity of EGFP fluorescence. The most efficient transfection of EGFP coding plasmid was achieved, when one high voltage and four low voltage electric pulses were applied. This protocol resulted in the highest short-term and long-term EGFP expression. Other electric pulse protocols as well as SP resulted in lower fluorescence intensities of EGFP in the transfected area. We conclude that noninvasive multispectral imaging technique combined with fluorescence spectroscopy point measurements is a suitable method to estimate the dynamics and efficiency of reporter gene transfection in vivo.

  6. Altered astrocytic swelling in the cortex of α-syntrophin-negative GFAP/EGFP mice.

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    Miroslava Anderova

    Full Text Available Brain edema accompanying ischemic or traumatic brain injuries, originates from a disruption of ionic/neurotransmitter homeostasis that leads to accumulation of K(+ and glutamate in the extracellular space. Their increased uptake, predominantly provided by astrocytes, is associated with water influx via aquaporin-4 (AQP4. As the removal of perivascular AQP4 via the deletion of α-syntrophin was shown to delay edema formation and K(+ clearance, we aimed to elucidate the impact of α-syntrophin knockout on volume changes in individual astrocytes in situ evoked by pathological stimuli using three dimensional confocal morphometry and changes in the extracellular space volume fraction (α in situ and in vivo in the mouse cortex employing the real-time iontophoretic method. RT-qPCR profiling was used to reveal possible differences in the expression of ion channels/transporters that participate in maintaining ionic/neurotransmitter homeostasis. To visualize individual astrocytes in mice lacking α-syntrophin we crossbred GFAP/EGFP mice, in which the astrocytes are labeled by the enhanced green fluorescent protein under the human glial fibrillary acidic protein promoter, with α-syntrophin knockout mice. Three-dimensional confocal morphometry revealed that α-syntrophin deletion results in significantly smaller astrocyte swelling when induced by severe hypoosmotic stress, oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD or 50 mM K(+. As for the mild stimuli, such as mild hypoosmotic or hyperosmotic stress or 10 mM K(+, α-syntrophin deletion had no effect on astrocyte swelling. Similarly, evaluation of relative α changes showed a significantly smaller decrease in α-syntrophin knockout mice only during severe pathological conditions, but not during mild stimuli. In summary, the deletion of α-syntrophin markedly alters astrocyte swelling during severe hypoosmotic stress, OGD or high K(+.

  7. Genetic Transformation of the Codling Moth, Cydia pomonella L., with piggyBac EGFP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genetic transformation of the codling moth, Cydia pomonella, was accomplished through embryo microinjection with a plasmid-based piggyBac vector containing the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene. Sequencing of the flanking regions around the inserted construct results in identification o...

  8. Novel migrating mouse neural crest cell assay system utilizing P0-Cre/EGFP fluorescent time-lapse imaging

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    Kawakami Minoru

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Neural crest cells (NCCs are embryonic, multipotent stem cells. Their long-range and precision-guided migration is one of their most striking characteristics. We previously reported that P0-Cre/CAG-CAT-lacZ double-transgenic mice showed significant lacZ expression in tissues derived from NCCs. Results In this study, by embedding a P0-Cre/CAG-CAT-EGFP embryo at E9.5 in collagen gel inside a culture glass slide, we were able to keep the embryo developing ex vivo for more than 24 hours; this development was with enough NCC fluorescent signal intensity to enable single-cell resolution analysis, with the accompanying NCC migration potential intact and with the appropriate NCC response to the extracellular signal maintained. By implantation of beads with absorbed platelet-derived growth factor-AA (PDGF-AA, we demonstrated that PDGF-AA acts as an NCC-attractant in embryos. We also performed assays with NCCs isolated from P0-Cre/CAG-CAT-EGFP embryos on culture plates. The neuromediator 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT has been known to regulate NCC migration. We newly demonstrated that dopamine, in addition to 5-HT, stimulated NCC migration in vitro. Two NCC populations, with different axial levels of origins, showed unique distribution patterns regarding migration velocity and different dose-response patterns to both 5-HT and dopamine. Conclusions Although avian species predominated over the other species in the NCC study, our novel system should enable us to use mice to assay many different aspects of NCCs in embryos or on culture plates, such as migration, division, differentiation, and apoptosis.

  9. Intranuclear Localization of EGFP-mouse PPARγ1 in Bovine Fibroblast Cells

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    Sorayya Ghasemi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to clone PPARγ1 cDNA in an appropriate mammalianexpression vector, with a chimeric cDNA form, encompassing PPARγ with enhanced greenfluorescent protein (EGFP cDNA. This recombinant plasmid will be used for further analysesto investigate the molecular mechanism of PPARγ1 for neural differentiation process.Moreover, the nuclear localization of the PPARγ1 protein linked to EGFP marker was chasedby using transient transfection of a constructed plasmid into bovine fibroblast cells.Materials and Methods: Total RNA was extracted from the fatty tissue of an adult mouse.Using specific pair primers, PPARγ1 cDNA was synthesized and amplified to producethe entire length of ORF. RT-PCR products containing PPARγ1 cDNA were treated byenzymatic digestion and inserted into the pEGFP-C1 downstream from EGFP cDNA. Theconstructed vector was used for transformation into bacterial competent cells. Positivecolonies which showed inserted PPARγ1 cDNA were selected for plasmid preparationsand additional analysis was performed to ensure that PPARγ1 cDNA was inserted properly.Finally, to confirm the intracellular localization of EGFP-PPARγ1, bovine fibroblastcells were transfected with the recombinant plasmid.Results: Our results from enzymatic digestion and sequencing confirmed, as expected, thatPPARγ1 cDNA was amplified and cloned correctly. This cDNA gene encompassed 1428 bp.The related product was entered into the nucleus of bovine fibroblasts after transfection ofits cDNA.

  10. Monitoring the diffusion behavior of Na,K-ATPase by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) upon fluorescence labelling with eGFP or Dreiklang

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junghans, Cornelia; Schmitt, Franz-Josef; Vukojević, Vladana; Friedrich, Thomas

    2016-02-01

    Measurement of lateral mobility of membraneembedded proteins in living cells with high spatial and temporal precision is a challenging task of optofluidics. Biological membranes are complex structures, whose physico-chemical properties depend on the local lipid composition, cholesterol content and the presence of integral or peripheral membrane proteins, which may be involved in supramolecular complexes or are linked to cellular matrix proteins or the cytoskeleton. The high proteinto- lipid ratios in biomembranes indicate that membrane proteins are particularly subject to molecular crowding, making it difficult to follow the track of individual molecules carrying a fluorescence label. Novel switchable fluorescence proteins such as Dreiklang [1], are, in principle, promising tools to study the diffusion behavior of individual molecules in situations of molecular crowding due to excellent spectral control of the ON- and OFF-switching process. In this work, we expressed an integral membrane transport protein, the Na,K-ATPase comprising the human α2-subunit carrying an N-terminal eGFP or Dreiklang tag and human β1-subunit, in HEK293T cells and measured autocorrelation curves by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). Furthermore,we measured diffusion times and diffusion constants of eGFP and Dreiklang by FCS, first, in aqueous solution after purification of the proteins upon expression in E. coli, and, second, upon expression as soluble proteins in the cytoplasm of HEK293T cells. Our data show that the diffusion behavior of the purified eGFP and Dreiklang in solution as well as the properties of the proteins expressed in the cytoplasm are very similar. However, the autocorrelation curves of eGFP- and Dreiklanglabeled Na,K-ATPase measured in the plasma membrane exhibit marked differences, with the Dreiklang-labeled construct showing shorter diffusion times. This may be related to an additional, as yet unrecognized quenching process that occurs on the same time

  11. Generation of Col2a1-EGFP iPS Cells for Monitoring Chondrogenic Differentiation

    OpenAIRE

    Saito, Taku; Yano, Fumiko; Mori, Daisuke; Ohba, Shinsuke; Hojo, Hironori; Otsu, Makoto; Eto, Koji; Nakauchi, Hiromitsu; Tanaka, Sakae; Chung, Ung-il; Kawaguchi, Hiroshi

    2013-01-01

    Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) are a promising cell source for cartilage regenerative medicine; however, the methods for chondrocyte induction from iPSC are currently developing and not yet sufficient for clinical application. Here, we report the establishment of a fluorescent indicator system for monitoring chondrogenic differentiation from iPSC to simplify screening for effective factors that induce chondrocytes from iPSC. We generated iPSC from embryonic fibroblasts of Col2a1-EGFP t...

  12. Characterization of a Dmd EGFP reporter mouse as a tool to investigate dystrophin expression

    OpenAIRE

    Petkova, Mina V.; Morales-Gonzales, Susanne; Relizani, Karima; Gill, Esther; Seifert, Franziska; Radke, Josefine; Stenzel, Werner; Garcia, Luis; Amthor, Helge; Schuelke, Markus

    2016-01-01

    Background Dystrophin is a rod-shaped cytoplasmic protein that provides sarcolemmal stability as a structural link between the cytoskeleton and the extracellular matrix via the dystrophin-associated protein complex (DAPC). Mutations in the dystrophin-encoding DMD gene cause X-linked dystrophinopathies with variable phenotypes, the most severe being Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) characterized by progressive muscle wasting and fibrosis. However, dystrophin deficiency does not only impair th...

  13. Plasmid-based genetic modification of human bone marrow-derived stromal cells: analysis of cell survival and transgene expression after transplantation in rat spinal cord

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    Van Tendeloo Viggo FI

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bone marrow-derived stromal cells (MSC are attractive targets for ex vivo cell and gene therapy. In this context, we investigated the feasibility of a plasmid-based strategy for genetic modification of human (hMSC with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP and neurotrophin (NT3. Three genetically modified hMSC lines (EGFP, NT3, NT3-EGFP were established and used to study cell survival and transgene expression following transplantation in rat spinal cord. Results First, we demonstrate long-term survival of transplanted hMSC-EGFP cells in rat spinal cord under, but not without, appropriate immune suppression. Next, we examined the stability of EGFP or NT3 transgene expression following transplantation of hMSC-EGFP, hMSC-NT3 and hMSC-NT3-EGFP in rat spinal cord. While in vivo EGFP mRNA and protein expression by transplanted hMSC-EGFP cells was readily detectable at different time points post-transplantation, in vivo NT3 mRNA expression by hMSC-NT3 cells and in vivo EGFP protein expression by hMSC-NT3-EGFP cells was, respectively, undetectable or declined rapidly between day 1 and 7 post-transplantation. Further investigation revealed that the observed in vivo decline of EGFP protein expression by hMSC-NT3-EGFP cells: (i was associated with a decrease in transgenic NT3-EGFP mRNA expression as suggested following laser capture micro-dissection analysis of hMSC-NT3-EGFP cell transplants at day 1 and day 7 post-transplantation, (ii did not occur when hMSC-NT3-EGFP cells were transplanted subcutaneously, and (iii was reversed upon re-establishment of hMSC-NT3-EGFP cell cultures at 2 weeks post-transplantation. Finally, because we observed a slowly progressing tumour growth following transplantation of all our hMSC cell transplants, we here demonstrate that omitting immune suppressive therapy is sufficient to prevent further tumour growth and to eradicate malignant xenogeneic cell transplants. Conclusion In this study, we

  14. Neurogenic Differentiation of Murine Adipose Derived Stem Cells Transfected with EGFP in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方忠; 杨琴; 熊伟; 李光辉; 肖骏; 郭风劲; 李锋; 陈安民

    2010-01-01

    Some studies indicate that adipose derived stem cells(ADSCs)can differentiate into adipogenic,chondrogenic,myogenic,and osteogenic cells in vitro.However,whether ADSCs can be induced to differentiate into neural cells in vitro has not been clearly demonstrated.In this study,the ADSCs isolated from the murine adipose tissue were cultured and transfected with the EGFP gene,and then the cells were induced for neural differentiation.The morphology of those ADSCs began to change within two days which developed i...

  15. Enhanced Antitumor Activity of EGFP-EGF1-Conjugated Nanoparticles by a Multitargeting Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Bo; Jiang, Ting; Ling, Li; Cao, Zhonglian; Zhao, Jingjing; Tuo, Yanyan; She, Xiaojian; Shen, Shun; Jiang, Xinguo; Hu, Yu; Pang, Zhiqing

    2016-04-13

    Tumor stromal cells have been increasingly recognized to interact with tumor parenchyma cells and promote tumor growth. Therefore, we speculated that therapeutics delivery to both parenchyma cells and stromal cells simultaneously might treat a tumor more effectively. Tissue factor (TF) was shown to be extensively located in a tumor and was abundantly sited in both tumor parenchyma cells and stromal cells including neo-vascular cells, tumor-associated fibroblasts, and tumor-associated macrophages, indicating it might function as a favorable target for drug delivery to multiple cell types simultaneously. EGFP-EGF1 is a fusion protein derived from factor VII, the natural ligand of TF. It retains the specific TF binding capability but does not cause coagulation. In the present study, a nanoparticle modified with EGFP-EGF1 (ENP) was constructed as a multitargeting drug delivery system. The protein binding experiment showed EGFP-EGF1 could bind well to A549 tumor cells and other stromal cells including neo-vascular cells, tumor-associated fibroblasts, and tumor-associated macrophages. Compared with unmodified nanoparticles (NP), ENP uptake by A549 cells and those stromal cells was significantly enhanced but inhibited by excessive free EGFP-EGF1. In addition, ENP induced more A549 tumor cell apoptosis than Taxol and NP when paclitaxel (PTX) was loaded. In vivo, ENP accumulated more specially in TF-overexpressed A549 tumors by in vivo imaging, mainly regions unoccupied by factor VII and targeted tumor parenchyma cells as well as different types of stromal cells by immunofluorescence staining. Treatment with PTX-loaded ENP (ENP-PTX) significantly reduced the A549 tumor growth in nude mice while NP-PTX- and Taxol-treated mice had lower response to the therapy. Furthermore, H&E and TUNEL staining revealed that ENP-PTX induced more severe tumor necrosis and more extensive cell apoptosis. Altogether, the present study demonstrated that ENP could target multiple key cell types

  16. Quantification for total demethylation potential of environmental samples utilizing the EGFP reporter gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Yan; Wang, Xiao-li; Lv, Zhan-lu; Tysklind, Mats; Guo, Chen; Liang, Bao; Wu, Jia-bing; Yang, Yong-jian; Yang, Yi-shu; Wang, Fei-fei; Duan, Xiao-li; Ma, Jin; Wei, Yong-jie; Wang, Chun-hui; Yang, Li-xin; Zhang, Jin-liang; Shi, Xiao-ming; Wang, Xian-liang

    2016-04-01

    The demethylation potential of pollutants is arguably an innate component of their toxicity in environmental samples. A method was developed for determining the total demethylation potential of food samples (TDQ). The demethylation epigenetic toxicity was determined using the Hep G2 cell line transfected with pEGFP-C3 plasmids containing a methylated promoter of the EGFP reporter gene. The total demethylation potential of the sample extracts (the 5-AZA-CdR demethylation toxic equivalency) can be quantified within one week by using a standard curve of the 5-AZA-CdR demethylation agent. To explore the applicability of TDQ for environmental samples, 17 groundwater samples were collected from heavy polluted Kuihe river and the total demethylation potentials of the sample extracts were measured successfully. Meaningful demethylation toxic equivalencies ranging from 0.00050 to 0.01747μM were found in all groundwater sample extracts. Among 19 kinds of inorganic substance, As and Cd played important roles for individual contribution to the total demethylation epigenetic toxicity. The TDQ assay is reliable and fast for quantifying the DNA demethylation potential of environmental sample extracts, which may improve epigenetic toxicity evaluations for human risk assessment, and the consistent consuming of groundwater alongside the Kuihe river pose unexpected epigenetic health risk to the local residents. PMID:26774982

  17. Asymmetric localization of Numb:EGFP in dividing neuroepithelial cells during neurulation in Danio rerio.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reugels, Alexander M; Boggetti, Barbara; Scheer, Nico; Campos-Ortega, José A

    2006-04-01

    In the neural plate and tube of the zebrafish embryo, cells divide with their mitotic spindles oriented parallel to the plane of the neuroepithelium, whilst in the neural keel and rod, the spindle is oriented perpendicular to it. This change is achieved by a 90 degrees rotation of the mitotic spindle. We cloned zebrafish homologues of the gene for the Drosophila cell fate determinant Numb, and analyzed the localization of EGFP fusion proteins in vivo in dividing neuroepithelial cells during neurulation. Whereas Numb isoform 3 and the related protein Numblike are localized in the cytoplasm, Numb isoform 1 is localized to the cell membrane. Time-lapse analyses showed that Numb 1 is distributed uniformly around the cell cortex in dividing cells during plate and keel stages, but becomes localized at the basolateral membrane of some dividing cells during the transition from neural rod to tube. Using in vitro mutagenesis and Numb:EGFP deletion constructs, we showed that the first 196 amino acids of Numb are sufficient for this localization. Furthermore, we found that an 11-amino acid insertion in the PTB domain is essential for localization to the cortex, whereas amino acids 2-12 mediate the basolateral localization in the neural tube stage.

  18. Using Green and Red Fluorescent Proteins to Teach Protein Expression, Purification, and Crystallization

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    Wu, Yifeng; Zhou, Yangbin; Song, Jiaping; Hu, Xiaojian; Ding, Yu; Zhang, Zhihong

    2008-01-01

    We have designed a laboratory curriculum using the green and red fluorescent proteins (GFP and RFP) to visualize the cloning, expression, chromatography purification, crystallization, and protease-cleavage experiments of protein science. The EGFP and DsRed monomer (mDsRed)-coding sequences were amplified by PCR and cloned into pMAL (MBP-EGFP) or…

  19. Truncated forms of viral VP2 proteins fused to EGFP assemble into fluorescent parvovirus-like particles

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    Vuento Matti

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS monitors random movements of fluorescent molecules in solution, giving information about the number and the size of for example nano-particles. The canine parvovirus VP2 structural protein as well as N-terminal deletion mutants of VP2 (-14, -23, and -40 amino acids were fused to the C-terminus of the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP. The proteins were produced in insect cells, purified, and analyzed by western blotting, confocal and electron microscopy as well as FCS. The non-truncated form, EGFP-VP2, diffused with a hydrodynamic radius of 17 nm, whereas the fluorescent mutants truncated by 14, 23 and 40 amino acids showed hydrodynamic radii of 7, 20 and 14 nm, respectively. These results show that the non-truncated EGFP-VP2 fusion protein and the EGFP-VP2 constructs truncated by 23 and by as much as 40 amino acids were able to form virus-like particles (VLPs. The fluorescent VLP, harbouring VP2 truncated by 23 amino acids, showed a somewhat larger hydrodynamic radius compared to the non-truncated EGFP-VP2. In contrast, the construct containing EGFP-VP2 truncated by 14 amino acids was not able to assemble into VLP-resembling structures. Formation of capsid structures was confirmed by confocal and electron microscopy. The number of fluorescent fusion protein molecules present within the different VLPs was determined by FCS. In conclusion, FCS provides a novel strategy to analyze virus assembly and gives valuable structural information for strategic development of parvovirus-like particles.

  20. 超声微泡介导pEGFP-N1转染大鼠牙囊细胞:细胞生物学性质相对稳定%pEGFP-N1 transfection of rat dental follicle cells under ultrasound-mediated lipid microbubble:transfected cells have a relatively stable biological property

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉玲; 李晓倩; 蒋欣益; 邓锋; 宋锦璘; 曹礼

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND:With the interaction of ultrasound and microbubbles, cavitation and mechanical effects undermine the integrity of the cel membrane, resulting in temporary and reversible holes, increasing the permeability of cel membranes, enhancing gene transfer and improving gene transfection efficiency. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficiency and safety of rat dental folicle cels transfected with pEGFP-N1 plasmid mediated by microbubble under ultrasonic irradiation. METHODS:The primary dental folicle cels from newborn rats were cultured in vitro and passaged to the 4th generation. Under different conditions, pEGFP-N1 was used to transfect rat dental folicle cels. By combining the ultrasonic intensity (0.5, 1 W/cm2) with the irradiation time (15, 30, 45, 60 seconds), we got the best conditions of ultrasonic irradiation for the next experiment. There were five groups: plasmid, microbubble+plasmid, ultrasound+plasmid, ultrasound+microbubble+plasmid, and liposomes+plasmid groups. The expression of pEGFP was observed by inverted fluorescence microscope 48 hours after transfection, and meanwhile, the proliferation inhibition rate of rat dental folicle cels was determined by MTT method. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Under the 0.5 W/cm2 ultrasound for 30 seconds, the transfection efficiency was obviously higher than that under the other combinations. Under the above-mentioned condition, the transfection efficiency of rat dental folicle cels with pEGFP-N1 plasmid was higher than that mediated by the traditional liposome, and the cel viability had no obvious changes. Under suitable conditions, ultrasound microbubble technology can safely and effecitively mediate the transfection of rat dental folicle cels with pEGFP-N1 plasmid, and transfected cels also have a stable biological property as normal dental folicle cels. Therefore, ultrasound microbubble technology can provide an ideal method of gene transfection in periodontal tissue engineering.%背景:利用超声波和微泡对比

  1. Construction of plasmid vector pAFP-HSVtk-IRES2-EGFP and its effect on the cytotoxicity of ganciclovir to hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lai Zhiyong; Qin Qin; Yu Baofeng; Xie Jun; Gao Ranpeng; Zhang Tiantian; Li Chunfeng

    2014-01-01

    Background Herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase phosphorylates ganciclovir to ganciclovir monophosphate,which is then converted to ganciclovir triphosphate by endogenous cellular nucleoside kinases.The ganciclovir triphosphate acts as a DNA chain terminator due to the lack of a functional 3'-OH group and terminates the process of DNA replication,hence leading to cell apoptosis.At present,HSVtk gene usually acts as suicide gene to kill tumor cells.The aim of this study was to investigate the selective cytotoxicity of the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase/ganciclovir (HSVtK/GCV) suicide gene system controlled by the α-fetoprotein (AFP) promoter on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells in vitro.Methods pAFP-HSVtk-IRES2-EGFP recombinant plasmid vectors driven by the AFP promoter were constructed.HL-7702 liver cells,HUH-7 HCC,and HepG2 HCC were transfected with the recombinant plasmids.HSVtK gene expression was detected using Western blotting analysis.HepG2 cells line stably expressing HSVtk gene was selected by G418 reagent.The cytotoxicity of HSVtK/GCV suicide gene system on hepatoma cells was measured by CCK-8 reagents when different doses of ganciclovir were added.Results Plasmid pAFP-TK-IRES2-EGFP-expressed HSVtk gene was constructed successfully.HSVtk gene expression level was significantly higher in AFP-positive hepatoma cells than in AFP-negative liver cells.After G418 selection,a HepG2 cells line stably expressing HSVtk gene was acquired.With the increase of the dose of ganciclovir the optical density at 450 nm of HepG2 cells stably expressing HSVtk gene gradually decreased (P <0.05).Conclusion The HSVtK gene-specific expression in hepatoma cells as well as the cytotoxicity of the suicide gene system in HepG2 cells provided the basis for the targeted gene therapy of HCC.

  2. Rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in vitro cultivation and establishing pEGFP/Ang-1 transfection method%大鼠骨髓间充质干细胞体外培养与pEGFP/Ang-1转染方法的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李福智; 侯阳; 李晓明; 房艳; 臧东钰

    2014-01-01

    Objective To train the successful bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells ( BMSCs ) and phenotypic characterization , and investigate the beneficial effects of recombinant plasmid ( pEGFP/Ang-1) transfected rats BMSCs .Methods Using adherence screening and density gradient centrifugation methods , purified rats BMSCs were obtained .After transfection with pEGFP/Ang-1, the BMSCs were screened with G418, and the positive clones were sequentially confirmed by expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein (GFP) with fluorescence microscope, and expression of angiogenin-1(Ang-1) was tested by Western blot.Results Using adherence screening and density gradient centrifugation methods , purified rats BMSCs were successfully obtained .The successfully stable transfection of pEGFP-N1-Ang-1 in BMSCs had be stably expressed Ang-1 3 days,later started to diminish.Conclusions The successful use of adherent culture method and density gra-dient centrifugation of rat BMSCs and the recombinant plasmid pEGFP /Ang-1 being transfected into the rat BMSCs could effectively express .%目的:探讨培养大鼠骨髓间充质干细胞(BMSCs)细胞株、表型鉴定及利用重组质粒(pEGFP/Ang-1)转染大鼠 BMSCs细胞株的实验方法。方法采用贴壁筛选法和密度梯度离心法获取BMSCs,纯化大鼠BMSCs后,以重组质粒pEGFP/Ang-1转染,G 418筛挑阳性克隆,倒置荧光显微镜下观察增强型绿色荧光蛋白的表达,检测Ang-1表达量的时间变化。结果采用贴壁筛选法和密度梯度离心法成功获取BMSCs细胞株,成功将血管生成素-1重组质粒(pEGFP/Ang-1)转染大鼠BMSCs,3 d可稳定表达Ang-1,7 d以后开始减弱。结论成功运用贴壁筛选法和密度梯度离心法分离培养的大鼠BMSCs,并重组质粒pEGFP/Ang-1转染大鼠BMSCs可有效表达。

  3. BKV agnoprotein interacts with α-soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion attachment protein, and negatively influences transport of VSVG-EGFP.

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    Mona Johannessen

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The human polyomavirus BK (BKV infects humans worldwide and establishes a persistent infection in the kidney. The BK virus genome encodes three regulatory proteins, large and small tumor-antigen and the agnoprotein, as well as the capsid proteins VP1 to VP3. Agnoprotein is conserved among BKV, JC virus (JCV and SV40, and agnoprotein-deficient mutants reveal reduced viral propagation. Studies with JCV and SV40 indicate that their agnoproteins may be involved in transcription, replication and/or nuclear and cellular release of the virus. However, the exact function(s of agnoprotein of BK virus remains elusive. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: As a strategy of exploring the functions of BKV agnoprotein, we decided to look for cellular interaction partners for the viral protein. Several partners were identified by yeast two-hybrid assay, among them α-SNAP which is involved in disassembly of vesicles during secretion. BKV agnoprotein and α-SNAP were found to partially co-localize in cells, and a complex consisting of agnoprotein and α-SNAP could be co-immunoprecipitated from cells ectopically expressing the proteins as well as from BKV-transfected cells. The N-terminal part of the agnoprotein was sufficient for the interaction with α-SNAP. Finally, we could show that BKV agnoprotein negatively interferes with secretion of VSVG-EGFP reporter suggesting that agnoprotein may modulate exocytosis. CONCLUSIONS: We have identified the first cellular interaction partner for BKV agnoprotein. The most N-terminal part of BKV agnoprotein is involved in the interaction with α-SNAP. Presence of BKV agnoprotein negatively interferes with secretion of VSVG-EGFP reporter.

  4. TALEN/CRISPR-mediated eGFP knock-in add-on at the OCT4 locus does not impact differentiation of human embryonic stem cells towards endoderm.

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    Nicole A J Krentz

    Full Text Available Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs have great promise as a source of unlimited transplantable cells for regenerative medicine. However, current progress on producing the desired cell type for disease treatment has been limited due to an insufficient understanding of the developmental processes that govern their differentiation, as well as a paucity of tools to systematically study differentiation in the lab. In order to overcome these limitations, cell-type reporter hESC lines will be required. Here we outline two strategies using Transcription Activator Like Effector Nucleases (TALENs and Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR-CRISPR-Associated protein (Cas to create OCT4-eGFP knock-in add-on hESC lines. Thirty-one and forty-seven percent of clones were correctly modified using the TALEN and CRISPR-Cas9 systems, respectively. Further analysis of three correctly targeted clones demonstrated that the insertion of eGFP in-frame with OCT4 neither significantly impacted expression from the wild type allele nor did the fusion protein have a dramatically different biological stability. Importantly, the OCT4-eGFP fusion was easily detected using microscopy, flow cytometry and western blotting. The OCT4 reporter lines remained equally competent at producing CXCR4+ definitive endoderm that expressed a panel of endodermal genes. Moreover, the genomic modification did not impact the formation of NKX6.1+/SOX9+ pancreatic progenitor cells following directed differentiation. In conclusion, these findings demonstrate for the first time that CRISPR-Cas9 can be used to modify OCT4 and highlight the feasibility of creating cell-type specific reporter hESC lines utilizing genome-editing tools that facilitate homologous recombination.

  5. Solvent dependence of two-photon absorption spectra of the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) chromophore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosoi, Haruko; Tayama, Ryo; Takeuchi, Satoshi; Tahara, Tahei

    2015-06-01

    Two-photon absorption spectra of 4‧-hydroxybenzylidene-2,3-dimethylimidazolinone, a model chromophore of enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP), were measured in various solvents. The two-photon absorption band of its anionic form is markedly blue-shifted from the corresponding one-photon absorption band in all solvents. Moreover, the magnitude of the blue shift varies largely depending on the solvent, which does not accord with the assignment of the two-photon absorption band to the transitions to the vibrationally excited S1 state. Our finding is readily rationalized by considering overlapping contributions of the S1 ← S0 and S2 ← S0 transitions, suggesting the involvement of the S2 state also in two-photon fluorescence of eGFP.

  6. Effect of recombinant plasmid pEGFP-N1-NPRL2 on the biological characteristics of human gastric cancer ceils%重组质粒pEGFP-N1-NPRL2对人胃癌细胞生物学特性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡在敏; 王川; 季文; 刘波; 蔡璨; 姜政

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨pEGFP-N1-NPRL2真核表达载体对SGC-7901胃癌细胞体外增殖、细胞周期、凋亡、侵袭及迁移的影响.方法:构建pEGFP-N1-NPRL2真核表达载体,并进行酶切及测序鉴定.脂质体介导转染入SGC-7901胃癌细胞,应用荧光显微镜、RT-PCR、Western blot法检测NPRL2的基因及蛋白水平情况,CCK8法检测细胞增殖的变化,流式细胞仪分析细胞周期和凋亡率的变化,Transwell实验检测NPRL2对细胞迁移及侵袭能力的影响.结果:成功构建了pEGFP-N1-NPRL2真核表达载体.重组质粒转染SGC-7901细胞后,通过荧光显微镜观察到绿色荧光的表达,RT-PCR和Westernblot法检测到NPRL2 mRNA及蛋白的表达,CCK8法检测发现NPRL2能够明显抑制肿瘤细胞增殖(P<0.05),细胞周期分析显示NPRL2使细胞停在G0 ~ G1期(P<0.05),细胞凋亡结果显示NPRL2能抑制细胞凋亡(P<0.05),TransweU侵袭和迁移实验显示NPRL2使细胞侵袭迁移能力均降低(P<0.05).结论:NPRL2可抑制肿瘤细胞的增殖、周期、侵袭及迁移,并促进凋亡.%AIM: To investigate the effect of eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-Nl-NPRL2 on the proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, invasion and migration of human gastric carcinoma SGC-7901 cells in vitro. METHODS; The eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-Nl-NPRL2 was constructed and confirmed by enzyme digestion and sequencing analysis. Then, it was transfected into SGC-7901 cells via the liposome. The expression of NPRL2 mRNA and protein was detected by RT-PCR, fluorescent microscopy and Western blotting, respectively. The proliferation of SGC-7901 was tested by CCK8, the cell cycle and apoptosis rate by flow cytometry and the effects of NPRL2 on the cell invasion and migration by Transwell (Boyden Chamber) assay. RESULTS; The eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-Nl-NPRL2 was constructed successfully and transfected into SGC-7901 cells. The expression of green fluorescent protein was observed using a fluorescence

  7. Dynamic Expression of Lgr6 in the Developing and Mature Mouse Cochlea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanping eZhang

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays important roles in mammalian inner ear development. Lgr5, one of the downstream target genes of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, has been reported to be a marker for inner ear hair cell progenitors. Lgr6 shares approximately 50% sequence homology with Lgr5 and has been identified as a stem cell marker in several organs. However, the detailed expression profiles of Lgr6 have not yet been investigated in the mouse inner ear. Here, we first used Lgr6-EGFP-Ires-CreERT2 mice to examine the spatiotemporal expression of Lgr6 protein in the cochlear duct during embryonic and postnatal development. Lgr6-EGFP was first observed in one row of prosensory cells in the middle and basal turn at embryonic day 15.5 (E15.5. From E18.5 to postnatal day 3 (P3, the expression of Lgr6-EGFP was restricted to the inner pillar cells (IPCs. From P7 to P15, the Lgr6-EGFP expression level gradually decreased in the IPCs and gradually increased in the inner border cells (IBCs. At P20, Lgr6-EGFP was only expressed in the IBCs, and by P30 Lgr6-EGFP expression had completely disappeared. Next, we demonstrated that Wnt/β-catenin signaling is required to maintain the Lgr6-EGFP expression in vitro. Finally, we demonstrated that the Lgr6-EGFP-positive cells isolated by flow cytometry could differentiate into myosin 7a-positive hair cells after 10 days in-culture, and this suggests that the Lgr6-positive cells might serve as the hair cell progenitor cells in the cochlea.

  8. [Eukaryonization of T7 RNA polymerase prokaryotic expression system and development of its couple expression system].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Hai-Xue; Jin, Ye; Yin, Shuang-Hui; Guo, Hui-Chen; Shang, You-Jun; Bai, Xing-Wen; Liu, Xiang-Tao; Xie, Qing-Ge

    2007-09-01

    To make transcription of the target gene be driven by T7 RNA polymerase (T7 RNAP) in the eukaryotic cells, and the transcripts be CAP-independent translated. Firstly, the T7 RNAP was introduced into eukaryotic cells by two methods: (1) the BHK-21 cells were contransfected by the plasmid expressing T7 RNAP and pIERS-EGFP-ET vector; (2) by transfection of the cell line stably expressing T7 RNAP. The internal ribosome entry site (IRES) element from FMDV was cloned into the downstream of the T7 promoter sequence of the prokaryotic expressing vector pET-40a-c (+), resulted in the plasmid would express the transcripts carrying the IERS element at its 5' end. The enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene was cloned into the downstream of the IERS element, resulted in plasmid pIERS-EGFP-ET. Then, the two kinds of cells expressing T7 RANP were transfected by pIERS-EGFP-ET. The green fluorescence in the transfected cells was observed under a fluorescence microscope equipped with a video documentation system. And the expressional efficiency was analyzed with flow cytometry (FCM). The results show that the IRES element from FMDV has the role of initiating CAP-independent translation, and lay foundation for researching function of the element and interrelated proteins. It would be potential for expressing target gene by the T7 RNAP couple expression system. PMID:18051880

  9. In vitro construction of a recombinant human embryonic brain-derived neurotrophin-4 gene and pEGFP-N1 vector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jintao Li; Qi Yan; Xingbao Zhu; Dan Xu; Tinghua Wang; Huatang Zhang; Jia Liu

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Neurotrophin-4 (NT-4) can promote neuronal growth, development, differentiation, maturation, and survival. NT-4 can also improve recovery and regeneration of injured neurons, but cannot pass through the blood-brain barrier, which limits its activity in the central nervous system. Delivering NT-4 into the central nervous system via cells or vectors may have therapeutic benefit.OBJECTIVE: To construct a recombinant vector with a human embryonic brain-derived NT-4 gene and pEGFP-N1.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: Neural genetic engineering experiment. The study was performed at the Neuroscience Institute of Kunming Medical College between October 2007 and March 2008.MATERIALS: The pEGFP-N1 plasmid vector was provided by Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; embryonic brain tissues were provided by the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College. TRIzol RNA extraction Kit was purchased from Sigma (USA), One Step RNA PCR Kit (AMV) etc. were from Takara (Dalian, China).METHODS: Total RNA was extracted from human embryonic brain tissues using Trizol. The agarose gel electrophoresis showed two bands: 18 S and 28 S, which were essential subunits of total RNA. The human NT-4 DNA was obtained via RT-PCR and inserted into the pEGFP-N1 vector using ligation and transformation reaction.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The sequencing results of the DNA in the recombinant of NT-4-pEGFP-N1.RESULTS: The NT-4-pEGFP-N1 vector was sequence-verified and showed the expected molecular weight.CONCLUSION: The recombinant of NT-4-pEGFP-N1 was constructed successfully in vitro.

  10. Synthesis, characterization, and cytotoxicity of the plasmid EGFP-p53 loaded on pullulan-spermine magnetic nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eslaminejad, Touba; Nematollahi-Mahani, Seyed Noureddin; Ansari, Mehdi

    2016-03-01

    Magnetic nanoparticles have been used as effective vehicles for the targeted delivery of therapeutic agents that can be controlled in their concentration and distribution to a desired part of the body by using externally driven magnets. This study focuses on the synthesis, characterization, and functionalization of pullulan-spermine (PS) magnetic nanoparticles for medical applications. Magnetite nanopowder was produced by thermal decomposition of goethite (FeOOH) in oleic acid and 1-octadecene; pullulan-spermine was deposited on the magnetite nanoparticles in the form of pullulan-spermine clusters. EGFP-p53 plasmid was loaded on functionalized iron oleate to transfer into cells. Synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), dynamic light scattering (DLS), vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The encapsulation efficiency and drug loading efficiency of the nanocomplexes were tested. FTIR studies showed the presence of oleic acid and 1-octadecene in the iron oleate nanopowder and verified the interaction between spermine and pullulan. The characteristic bands of PS in the spectrum of the pullulan-spermine-coated iron oleate (PSCFO) confirmed that PS covered the surface of the iron oleate particles. TEM studies showed the average size of the iron oleate nanopowder, the PSCFO, and the plasmid-carrying PSCFO (PSCFO/pEGFP-p53) to be 34±12 nm, 100±50 nm and 172±3 nm, respectively. Magnetic measurements revealed that magnetic saturation of the PSCFO was lower in comparison with the iron oleate nanopowder due to the presence of organic compounds in the former. In cytotoxicity tests performed using U87 cells as glioblastoma cells, a 92% survival rate was observed at 50 μg/μl of the plasmid-carrying PSCFO, with an IC50 value of 189 μg/μl.

  11. Establishment of a new congenic inbred mouse strain named Foxn1nu.B6-CAG-EGFP/SU%同源导入近交系绿色荧光裸小鼠 Foxn1 nu . B6-CAG-EGFP/SU 的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈艳华; 王麒龙; 代兴亮; 陈金; 董军; 兰青; 黄强

    2015-01-01

    目的:建立一个能稳定表达增强型绿色荧光蛋白( enhanced green fluorecence protein ,EGFP )的裸小鼠近交新品系,供包括人脑胶质瘤在内的所有人类肿瘤移植实验用。方法将雌性C57BL/6-Tg( CAG-EGFP)转基因小鼠和雄性Foxn1nu裸小鼠,按同源导入方法进行杂交和回交,用荧光手电筒和匹配的眼镜、多功能活体成像仪、荧光显微镜对是否表达EGFP进行鉴别,传至F10后进行遗传学检测。结果所建品系命名为 Foxn1nu .B6-CAG-EGFP/SU (Soochow University),14个遗传生化位点中13个表型与BALB/c(Foxn1nu)吻合,唯Pep3(肽酶-3)的电泳为b型,而标准的BALB/c近交系为a型;外周血淋巴细胞占全部有核细胞15%,T淋巴细胞仅占0.3%,与亲本的Foxn1nu一致。结论成功地建立了一个既与亲本C57BL/6-TgN( CAG-EGFP)-样稳定表达EGFP,又与Foxn1nu裸小鼠(BALB/c背景)一样具有T细胞缺乏的荧光裸小鼠新品系-Foxn1nu.B6-CAG-EGFP|SU ,Pep3为b型是有别于Foxn1nu裸小鼠的生化遗传标记位点。%Objective To establish a new congenic inbred mouse strain carrying and expressing EGFP and Foxn1nugene for cancer research including human glioma as well .Methods According to criterion of GB14923-2010, the male Foxn1nu nude mice backcross the female C57BL/6-Tg (CAG-EGFP) transgenic mice for 10 times, Then identify the phenotype using the methods and equipment as below: fluorescent flashlight and matching glasses; multifunction vivo imager; fluorescence microscopy.Results The congenic inbred mouse strain named Foxn1nu.B6-CAG-EGFP/SU ( Soochow University ) .All the 14 biochemical loci are homozygous and same with Balb/c mouse in addition to the Pep3 loci (“b” type instead of “a” type).Peripheral blood lymphocyte count shows the lymphocytes occupy 15%of nucleated cells;T lymphocytes occupy 0.3%, meet the requirement of inbred strain of

  12. Controlled expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein and hepatitis B virus precore protein in mammalian cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    A novel tetracycline regulation expression system was used to regulate the expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and hepatitis B virus precore protein in the mammalian cell lines with lipofectAMINE. Flow cytometry assays showed that application of the system resulted in about 18-fold induction of EGFP expression in CHO cell lines and 5-fold induction in SSMC-7721 cells and about 2-fold in the HEK293 cells. Furthermore, the effective use of this system for the controlled expression of HBV precore protein gene in hepatocellular carcinoma cells was tested.

  13. Reconstruction of corneal surface layer using human amniotic epithelial cells modified by lentiviral vector-mediated EGFP gene%慢病毒介导EGFP基因修饰的人羊膜上皮细胞重建角膜表层的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金玲; 陈剑; 吴静; 徐锦堂; 周清; 叶茹珊; 张宏

    2011-01-01

    复层上皮细胞-角膜基质移植材料能较好地重建角膜缘干细胞缺乏的兔眼角膜表层,可能是组织工程角膜表层一种新的细胞来源.慢病毒载体是一种安全有效的基因转移工具.%Background Studies demonstrated that human amniotic epithelial cells (AECs) have some characteristics of embryonic stem cells and they were used to re-establish the surface of eyes. Human AECs may serve as new seed cells in tissue engineering for corneal epithelium reconstitution in the future. Objective The present study was to investigate the application value of human amniotic epithelium cells transfected by lentiviral vectormediated enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene as new seed cell source for engineering the corneal surfacelayer. Methods Lentiviral vector carrying the objective gene EGFP was transfected into human amniotic epithelial cells (pLenti6/V5-DEST),and the transient expression of the transgene in the human amniotic epithelial cells was observed under the fluorescence microscope. Flow cytometry was used to detect the positive expression rates of EGFP in transfected cells. The transfected human amniotic epithelial cells were seeded onto the fresh corneal stromal surface of New Zealand white rabbit and cultured in vitro. The stem cell deficiency ( SCD ) models were established by cutting off the limbus of cornea in 20 eyes of New Zealand white rabbits, and the model rabbits were then divided into 2 groups randomly. The transplanted grafts carrying the pLenti6/V5-DEST-EGFP gene-transferred human amniotic epithelium cells were regarded as the pLenti6/V5-DEST-EGFP group, and the corneal stroma graft without any epithelial cell served as the control group. The opacity of stroma and corneal conjunctivalization and vascularization were observed daily. The rabbits' eyes were extracted one month after operation. The expression of EGFP in the cornea was detected under the fluorescence microscope, and the expression of CK8, CK18 and

  14. Identification of neurons that express ghrelin receptors in autonomic pathways originating from the spinal cord.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furness, John B; Cho, Hyun-Jung; Hunne, Billie; Hirayama, Haruko; Callaghan, Brid P; Lomax, Alan E; Brock, James A

    2012-06-01

    Functional studies have shown that subsets of autonomic preganglionic neurons respond to ghrelin and ghrelin mimetics and in situ hybridisation has revealed receptor gene expression in the cell bodies of some preganglionic neurons. Our present goal has been to determine which preganglionic neurons express ghrelin receptors by using mice expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) under the control of the promoter for the ghrelin receptor (also called growth hormone secretagogue receptor). The retrograde tracer Fast Blue was injected into target organs of reporter mice under anaesthesia to identify specific functional subsets of postganglionic sympathetic neurons. Cryo-sections were immunohistochemically stained by using anti-EGFP and antibodies to neuronal markers. EGFP was detected in nerve terminal varicosities in all sympathetic chain, prevertebral and pelvic ganglia and in the adrenal medulla. Non-varicose fibres associated with the ganglia were also immunoreactive. No postganglionic cell bodies contained EGFP. In sympathetic chain ganglia, most neurons were surrounded by EGFP-positive terminals. In the stellate ganglion, neurons with choline acetyltransferase immunoreactivity, some being sudomotor neurons, lacked surrounding ghrelin-receptor-expressing terminals, although these terminals were found around other neurons. In the superior cervical ganglion, the ghrelin receptor terminals innervated subgroups of neurons including neuropeptide Y (NPY)-immunoreactive neurons that projected to the anterior chamber of the eye. However, large NPY-negative neurons projecting to the acini of the submaxillary gland were not innervated by EGFP-positive varicosities. In the celiaco-superior mesenteric ganglion, almost all neurons were surrounded by positive terminals but the VIP-immunoreactive terminals of intestinofugal neurons were EGFP-negative. The pelvic ganglia contained groups of neurons without ghrelin receptor terminal innervation and other groups with

  15. Production of Transgenic Korean Native Cattle Expressing Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein Using a FIV-Based Lentiviral Vector Injected into MII Oocytes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yong-Nan Xu; Joon-Ho Yoon; Dae-Hwan Ko; Teoan Kim; Nam-Hyung Kim; Sang-Jun Uhm; Bon-Chul Koo; Mo-Sun Kwon; Ji-Yeol Roh; Jung-Seok Yang; Hyun-Yong Choi; Young-Tae Heo; Xiang-Shun Cui

    2013-01-01

    The potential benefits of generating and using transgenic cattle range from improvements in agriculture to the production of large quantities of pharmaceutically relevant proteins.Previous studies have attempted to produce transgenic cattle and other livestock by pronuclear injection and somatic cell nuclear transfer,but these approaches have been largely ineffective; however,a third approach,lentivirus-mediated transgenesis,has successfully produced transgenic livestock.In this study,we generated transgenic (TG) Korean native cattle using perivitelline space injection of viral vectors,which expressed enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) systemically.Two different types of lentiviral vectors derived from feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)carrying EGFP were injected into the perivitelline space of MII oocytes.EGFP expression at 8-cell stage was significantly higher in the FIV group compared to the HIV group (47.5% ± 2.2% v.s.22.9% ± 2.9%).Eight-cell embryos that expressed EGFP were cultured into blastocysts and then transferred into 40 heifers.Ten heifers were successfully impregnated and delivered 10 healthy calves.All of these calves expressed EGFP as detected by in vivo imaging,PCR and Southern blotting.In addition,we established an EGFP-expressing cell line from TG calves,which was followed by nuclear transfer (NT).Recloned 8-cell embryos also expressed EGFP,and there were no differences in the rates of fusion,cleavage and development between cells derived from TG and non-TG calves,which were subsequently used for NT.These results illustrate that FIV-based lentiviruses are useful for the production of TG cattle.Moreover,our established EGFP cell line can be used for additional studies that involve induced pluripotent stem cells.

  16. Construction and Characterization of Insect Cell-Derived Influenza VLP: Cell Binding, Fusion, and EGFP Incorporation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Shin Pan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We have constructed virus-like particles (VLPs harboring hemagglutinin (HA, neuraminidase (NA, matrix protein 1 (M1 ,and proton channel protein (M2 using baculovirus as a vector in the SF9 insect cell. The size of the expressed VLP was estimated to be ~100 nm by light scattering experiment and transmission electron microscopy. Recognition of HA on the VLP surface by the HA2-specific monoclonal antibody IIF4 at acidic pH, as probed by surface plasmon resonance, indicated the pH-induced structural rearrangement of HA. Uptake of the particle by A549 mediated by HA-sialylose receptor interaction was visualized by the fluorescent-labeled VLP. The HA-promoted cell-virus fusion activity was illustrated by fluorescence imaging on the Jurkat cells incubated with rhodamine-loaded VLP performed at fusogenic pH. Furthermore, the green fluorescence protein (GFP was fused to NA to produce VLP with a pH-sensitive probe, expanding the use of VLP as an antigen carrier and a tool for viral tracking.

  17. CNPase Expression in Olfactory Ensheathing Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Radtke

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A large body of work supports the proposal that transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs into nerve or spinal cord injuries can promote axonal regeneration and remyelination. Yet, some investigators have questioned whether the transplanted OECs associate with axons and form peripheral myelin, or if they recruit endogenous Schwann cells that form myelin. Olfactory bulbs from transgenic mice expressing the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP under the control of the 2-3-cyclic nucleotide 3-phosphodiesterase (CNPase promoter were studied. CNPase is expressed in myelin-forming cells throughout their lineage. We examined CNPase expression in both in situ in the olfactory bulb and in vitro to determine if OECs express CNPase commensurate with their myelination potential. eGFP was observed in the outer nerve layer of the olfactory bulb. Dissociated OECs maintained in culture had both intense eGFP expression and CNPase immunostaining. Transplantation of OECs into transected peripheral nerve longitudinally associated with the regenerated axons. These data indicate that OECs in the outer nerve layer of the olfactory bulb of CNPase transgenic mice express CNPase. Thus, while OECs do not normally form myelin on olfactory nerve axons, their expression of CNPase is commensurate with their potential to form myelin when transplanted into injured peripheral nerve.

  18. Incorporation of a lambda phage recombination system and EGFP detection to simplify mutagenesis of Herpes simplex virus bacterial artificial chromosomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weir Jerry P

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Targeted mutagenesis of the herpesvirus genomes has been facilitated by the use of bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC technology. Such modified genomes have potential uses in understanding viral pathogenesis, gene identification and characterization, and the development of new viral vectors and vaccines. We have previously described the construction of a herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2 BAC and the use of an allele replacement strategy to construct HSV-2 recombinants. While the BAC mutagenesis procedure is a powerful method to generate HSV-2 recombinants, particularly in the absence of selective marker in eukaryotic culture, the mutagenesis procedure is still difficult and cumbersome. Results Here we describe the incorporation of a phage lambda recombination system into an allele replacement vector. This strategy enables any DNA fragment containing the phage attL recombination sites to be efficiently inserted into the attR sites of the allele replacement vector using phage lambda clonase. We also describe how the incorporation of EGFP into the allele replacement vector can facilitate the selection of the desired cross-over recombinant BACs when the allele replacement reaction is a viral gene deletion. Finally, we incorporate the lambda phage recombination sites directly into an HSV-2 BAC vector for direct recombination of gene cassettes using the phage lambda clonase-driven recombination reaction. Conclusion Together, these improvements to the techniques of HSV BAC mutagenesis will facilitate the construction of recombinant herpes simplex viruses and viral vectors.

  19. Construction of a plasmid coding for green fluorescent protein tagged cathepsin L and data on expression in colorectal carcinoma cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tripti Tamhane

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The endo-lysosomal cysteine cathepsin L has recently been shown to have moonlighting activities in that its unexpected nuclear localization in colorectal carcinoma cells is involved in cell cycle progression (Tamhane et al., 2015 [1]. Here, we show data on the construction and sequence of a plasmid coding for human cathepsin L tagged with an enhanced green fluorescent protein (phCL-EGFP in which the fluorescent protein is covalently attached to the C-terminus of the protease. The plasmid was used for transfection of HCT116 colorectal carcinoma cells, while data from non-transfected and pEGFP-N1-transfected cells is also shown. Immunoblotting data of lysates from non-transfected controls and HCT116 cells transfected with pEGFP-N1 and phCL-EGFP, showed stable expression of cathepsin L-enhanced green fluorescent protein chimeras, while endogenous cathepsin L protein amounts exceed those of hCL-EGFP chimeras. An effect of phCL-EGFP expression on proliferation and metabolic states of HCT116 cells at 24 h post-transfection was observed.

  20. CONSTRUCTION AND IDENTIFICATION OF EUKARYOTIC VECTOR EXPRESSING SIRNA SPECIFIC FOR BACE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Objective To generate eukaryotic expression vector of siRNA specific for β-site APP cleaving enzyme(BACE),and detect the interfering effect to the expression of BACE. Methods To clone the BACE targeting siRNA gene by PCR, the PCR products was inserted into the pUC19/EGFP-U6 plasmid. Then it was sub-cloned into the vector named pLXSN. The resultant plasmid was named pLXSN/EGFP-U6-siBACE, it was packaged into AmphoPack-293 cells by calcium phosphate transfection and collected the virus supernatant. The neuroblastoma cells SK-N-SH was infected with the pLXSN/EGFP-U6-siBACE retroviral vector, immunohistochemistry method was used to detect whether the pLXSN/EGFP-U6-siBACE infection can inhibit the expression of BACE of the neuroblastoma cells. Results The pLXSN/EGFP-U6-siBACE retroviral vector was constructed successfully and the siBACE can inhibit the BACE of the neuroblastma effectively. Conclusion The siRNA can inhibit the expression of the BACE gene, the endogenous production of BACE protein was decreased. It will lay the important foundation for using RNA technology to prevent the Alzheimer's disease.

  1. Characterization of Aromatase Expression in the Adult Male and Female Mouse Brain. I. Coexistence with Oestrogen Receptors α and β, and Androgen Receptors

    OpenAIRE

    Davor Stanić; Sydney Dubois; Hui Kheng Chua; Bruce Tonge; Nicole Rinehart; Malcolm K Horne; Wah Chin Boon

    2014-01-01

    Aromatase catalyses the last step of oestrogen synthesis. There is growing evidence that local oestrogens influence many brain regions to modulate brain development and behaviour. We examined, by immunohistochemistry, the expression of aromatase in the adult male and female mouse brain, using mice in which enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) is transcribed following the physiological activation of the Cyp19A1 gene. EGFP-immunoreactive processes were distributed in many brain regions, in...

  2. 重组质粒pEGFP-N2/XPD和Pifithrin-α对肝癌细胞增殖及凋亡的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁浩; 马果果; 张吉翔

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨人着色性干皮病基因D(xeroderma pigmentosum D,XPD)和P53对肝癌细胞HepG2.2.15增殖凋亡及P21等基因表达的影响.方法 用脂质体转染法将空载质粒pEGFP-N2和重组质粒pEGFP-N2/XPD转染HepG2.2.15,然后给予20 μmol/L的Pifithrin-α(P53抑制剂)孵育24 h.实验分为5组:空白对照组、pEGFP-N2组、pEGFP-N2/XPD组、pEGFP-N2/XPD+Pifithrin-α组和Pifithrin-α组.用荧光显微镜观察绿色荧光蛋白报告基因表达情况;用RT-PCR和Western blot检测XPD、P53、磷酸化P53(phosphorylated P53,p-P53)、P21和乙型肝炎病毒X蛋白(hepatitis B virus X protein,HBx)的表达;用MTT法检测细胞活力;用流式细胞仪检测凋亡率.结果 在荧光显微镜下,可在转染了空载质粒pEGFP-N2和重组质粒pEGFP-N2/XPD的细胞中观察到绿色荧光,即转染成功;RT-PCR和Western blot检测发现,重组质粒pEGFP-N2/XPD的转染使XPD表达增高(P<0.001);XPD表达升高使P53、p-P53(ser-15)、P21表达增高,同时使得HBx表达降低,而Pifithrin-α能抑制XPD这一作用(P<0.001).MTT结果显示,XPD表达升高抑制了细胞活力,而Pifithrin-α能抑制XPD减弱细胞活力的作用(P<0.001).流式细胞仪结果显示,XPD表达增高引起了细胞凋亡率增加,而Pifithrin-α能抑制XPD诱导细胞凋亡的作用(P<0.001).结论 XPD能通过P53通路抑制肝癌细胞增殖并促进其凋亡,上调P21的表达以及下调HBx的表达.

  3. Expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang-Xia Wang

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The miR-15/107 family comprises a group of 10 paralogous microRNAs (miRNAs, sharing a 5′ AGCAGC sequence. These miRNAs have overlapping targets. In order to characterize the expression of miR-15/107 family miRNAs, we employed customized TaqMan Low-Density micro-fluid PCR-array to investigate the expression of miR-15/107 family members, and other selected miRNAs, in 11 human tissues obtained at autopsy including the cerebral cortex, frontal cortex, primary visual cortex, thalamus, heart, lung, liver, kidney, spleen, stomach and skeletal muscle. miR-103, miR-195 and miR-497 were expressed at similar levels across various tissues, whereas miR-107 is enriched in brain samples. We also examined the expression patterns of evolutionarily conserved miR-15/107 miRNAs in three distinct primary rat brain cell preparations (enriched for cortical neurons, astrocytes and microglia, respectively. In primary cultures of rat brain cells, several members of the miR-15/107 family are enriched in neurons compared to other cell types in the central nervous system (CNS. In addition to mature miRNAs, we also examined the expression of precursors (pri-miRNAs. Our data suggested a generally poor correlation between the expression of mature miRNAs and their precursors. In summary, we provide a detailed study of the tissue and cell type-specific expression profile of this highly expressed and phylogenetically conserved family of miRNA genes.

  4. Development of transgenic chickens expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work we demonstrated the successful production of transgenic chickens expressing the enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) gene. Replication-defective recombinant retroviruses produced from vesicular stomatitis virus G glycoprotein pseudotyped retrovirus vector system were injected beneath the blastoderm of non-incubated chicken embryos (stage X). From 129 injected eggs, 13 chicks hatched after 21 days of incubation. All hatched chicks were found to express vector-encoded EGFP gene, which was under the control of the Rous sarcoma virus promoter and boosted post-transcriptionally by woodchuck hepatitis virus post-transcriptional regulatory element sequence. Green fluorescent signals, indicative of the EGFP gene expression, were detected in various body parts, including head, limb, eye, toe, and several internal organs. Genomic incorporation of the transgene was also proven by Southern blot assay. Our results show the exceptional versatile effectiveness of the EGFP gene as a marker in the gene expression-related studies which therefore would be very helpful in establishing a useful transgenic chicken model system for studies on embryo development and for efficient production of transgenic chickens as bioreactors

  5. Construction of a eukaryotic expression plasmid for human retina-derived neurotrophin-3

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chunxia Peng; Xiaobei Yin; Mengda Li; Ting He; Genlin Li

    2013-01-01

    Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) can promote the repair of central nervous system and retinal damage. In previous reports, NT-3 has been expressed by viral vectors. However, plasmid vectors have a safer profile compared with viral vectors in clinical studies. This study recombined amplified human retinal NT-3 with a eukaryotic expression plasmid containing green fluorescent protein (GFP) to construct an NT-3 expression plasmid, pEGFP-N1-NT-3. The transfection efficiency 48 hours after pEGFP-N1-NT-3 transfection to 293T cells was 50.06 ± 2.78%. Abundant NT-3-GFP was expressed in 293T cells as observed by fluorescence microscopy, suggesting the construct pEGFP-N1-NT-3 effectively expressed and secreted NT-3-GFP. Secretory vesicles containing NT-3-GFP were observed in a constant location in cells by laser scan confocal microscopy, indicating the expression and secretion processes of NT-3 in eukaryotic cells were in accordance with the physical synthesis processes of secreted proteins. Western blot assay showed that pro-NT-3-GFP had a molecular weight of 56 kDa, further confirming NT-3-GFP expression. At 48 hours after transfection, the concentration of NT-3 in culture medium was 22.3 ng/mL, suggesting NT-3 produced by pEGFP-N1-NT-3 was efficiently secreted. This study constructed a human retinal-derived NT-3 eukaryotic expression plasmid that efficiently expressed and secreted NT-3.

  6. [Expression analysis of green fluorescent protein in tissues and organs in α-1,3 galactosyltransferase knockout pigs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhifang, Li; Chong, Feng; Huili, Ji; Ningning, Shi; Xiaofeng, Song; Qinli, Zhao; Chuan, Long; Dengke, Pan; Xiaogan, Yang

    2015-12-01

    The pig is an ideal source to provide organs because its organ size and physiology are similar to humans. However, an acute rejection will ensue after pig-to-human xenotransplantation. The α-1,3 galactosyltransferase gene knockout (GTKO) pigs were generated in recent years, and could solve the problem of hyperacute rejection. But due to lack of reporting genes, the rejection status of cells and organs post pig-to-human xenotransplantation cannot be visualized. In this study, we introduced the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene driven by the CAG promoter into GTKO porcine ear fibroblasts. Then we produced transgenic pigs expressing the EGFP gene by nuclear transfer technology. Expression levels of EGFP in different tissues and organs of the cloned pig were investigated by Nightsea DFP-1 Fluorescent Protein Flashlight, fluorescence microscope and quantitative PCR assays. The results showed that the protein and transcript of EGFP were expressed in all tissues and organs of the GTKO pig, but the expression was weak in the liver and central nervous system. In conclusion, we have successfully produced the transgenic GTKO pigs expressing EGFP in all tested tissues and organs, which builds up a good basis to track transplanted cells or tissues. PMID:26704946

  7. [Expression analysis of green fluorescent protein in tissues and organs in α-1,3 galactosyltransferase knockout pigs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhifang, Li; Chong, Feng; Huili, Ji; Ningning, Shi; Xiaofeng, Song; Qinli, Zhao; Chuan, Long; Dengke, Pan; Xiaogan, Yang

    2015-12-01

    The pig is an ideal source to provide organs because its organ size and physiology are similar to humans. However, an acute rejection will ensue after pig-to-human xenotransplantation. The α-1,3 galactosyltransferase gene knockout (GTKO) pigs were generated in recent years, and could solve the problem of hyperacute rejection. But due to lack of reporting genes, the rejection status of cells and organs post pig-to-human xenotransplantation cannot be visualized. In this study, we introduced the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene driven by the CAG promoter into GTKO porcine ear fibroblasts. Then we produced transgenic pigs expressing the EGFP gene by nuclear transfer technology. Expression levels of EGFP in different tissues and organs of the cloned pig were investigated by Nightsea DFP-1 Fluorescent Protein Flashlight, fluorescence microscope and quantitative PCR assays. The results showed that the protein and transcript of EGFP were expressed in all tissues and organs of the GTKO pig, but the expression was weak in the liver and central nervous system. In conclusion, we have successfully produced the transgenic GTKO pigs expressing EGFP in all tested tissues and organs, which builds up a good basis to track transplanted cells or tissues.

  8. Influence on behavior of rats with Parkinson's disease treated by bone mesenchymal stem cell modified by plasmid pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF%转染pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF的骨髓间充质干细胞侧脑室注射对帕金森大鼠行为学的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张平; 赵钢勇; 宋月平; 苏立凯

    2012-01-01

    [目的]观察转染pIRESneo- EGFP-BDNF的骨髓间充质干细胞(MSCs)侧脑室注射对帕金森病(PD)大鼠行为学的影响.[方法]将pEGFP(N1)-BDNF与pIRESneo进行双酶切后再连接,构建高拷贝质粒pIRESneo-EGFPBDNF,采用电穿孔法将其转染MSCs.采用6-羟多巴(6-OHDA)制备PD大鼠模型(36只),造模成功后将其随机分为3组,每组12只.B组为模型组:侧脑室注射生理盐水;C组:侧脑室注射MSCs;D组:侧脑室注射转染pIRESneoEGFP-BDNF的MSCs;A组(12只大鼠,为假手术组):以生理盐水代替6-OHDA后,侧脑室注射生理盐水.分别于侧脑室注射后2、4、8周腹腔注射阿扑吗啡(APO)诱导大鼠旋转,观察各组大鼠行为学变化.[结果]经双酶切鉴定,pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF构建成功.侧脑室注射细胞干预PD大鼠模型后2、4、8周,大鼠旋转次数D组<C组<B组(P均<0.05);D组大鼠旋转次数明显减少,但仍较A组多.[结论]侧脑室注射转染plRESneo-EGFP-BDNF的MSCs能明显改善PD大鼠的行为能力.%Objective To observe influence on behavior of Parkinson's disease( PD) model treated by bone mesen-chymal stem cells ( MSCs) modified by plasmid pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF. Methods pEGFP-BDNF and pIRESneo were double enzymed and then were reconstructed into pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF which was transfected to MSCs with electroproa-lion. 36 rat models of PD were set up by 6-OHDA and divided into three groups randomly; group B( group model): inlrac-erebrovenlricular injection of saline; group C: intracerebroventricular injection of bone MSCs; group D: intracerebroventric-ular injection of bone MSCs modefied by pIRESneo-ECFP-BDNF. Group A (12 rats, sham opreation groups): saline instead of 6-OHDA, than intracerebroventricular injection of saline. The rotating behavior of rat models induced by Apomor-phine intraperitoneally which transplanting bone MSCs or MSCs modified by plasmid pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF through cerebral lateral ventricle after 2, 4 and 8 weeks. Results Pbsmids pIRESneo-EGFP

  9. Establishment of a pig fibroblast-derived cell line for locus-directed transgene expression in cell cultures and blastocysts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Jannik E; Li, Juan; Moldt, Brian;

    2011-01-01

    We report the establishment of a spontaneously immortalized pig cell line designated Pig Flip-in Visualize (PFV) for locus-directed transgene expression in pig cells and blastocysts. The PFV cell line was isolated from pig ear fibroblasts transfected with a Sleeping Beauty DNA transposon...... transfer. PFV cells supported Flp mediated cassette exchange for transgene substitution of eGFP with dsRED, and the dsRED transgenic PFV cells generated blastocysts with transgene expression. Hence, the PFV cell line constitutes a valuable pig equivalent to transformed cell lines from other mammalian......-based docking vector harbouring a selection gene, an eGFP reporter gene, and an Flp recombinase site for locus-directed gene insertion. PFV cells have insertion of a single docking vector with stable eGFP expression and generated phenotypic normal blastocysts with transgene expression after somatic cell nuclear...

  10. Construction of Eukaryotic Expression Plasmid of bFGF Gene in Rats and Its Expression in Tenocytes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FENG Yong; ZHENG Dong; YANG Shuhua; LI Jing

    2007-01-01

    The bFGF plays an important role in embryonic development of tendons and ligaments and in the healing of injuried tendons and ligaments. The eukaryotic expression plasmid of rat basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) gene was constructed in order to further investigate the bFGF function in molecular regulatory mechanism in the repair of tendons and ligaments and to provide the foundation for the clinical application. The cDNA fragments of bFGF were cloned from the skin of rats by RT-PCR, and recombinated to the pMD18-T vector. The cDNA encoding bFGF was cloned from the pMD18-T vector by RT-PCR, digested with restriction enzyme EcoR Ⅰ, Pst Ⅰ and bound to eukaryotic expression plasmid pIRES2-EGFP to construct eukaryotic expression plasmid pIRES2-EGFP-bFGF. The pIRES2-EGFP-bFGF was transfected into the tenocytes by lipid-mediated ransfection technique. MTT test was used to detect the biological activity of bFGF in supematants after the transfection. The expression of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen genes was detected by using RT-PCR. It was verified that the pIRES2-EGFP-bFGF was successfully constructed, and its transfection into tenocytes could significantly enhance the biological activity of bFGF, and increase the expression of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen mRNA, suggesting that pIRES2-EGFP-mediated bFGF gene therapy was beneficial to the repair of tendons and ligaments.

  11. Transgenic approach to express the channelrhodopsin 2 gene in arginine vasopressin neurons of rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishii, Masahiro; Hashimoto, Hirofumi; Ohkubo, Jun-Ichi; Ohbuchi, Toyoaki; Saito, Takeshi; Maruyama, Takashi; Yoshimura, Mitsuhiro; Yamamoto, Yukiyo; Kusuhara, Koichi; Ueta, Yoichi

    2016-09-01

    Optogenetics provides a powerful tool to regulate neuronal activity by light-sensitive ion channels such as channelrhodopsin 2 (ChR2). Arginine vasopressin (AVP; also known as the anti-diuretic hormone) is a multifunctional hormone which is synthesized in the magnocellular neurosecretory cells (MNCs) of the hypothalamus. Here, we have generated a transgenic rat that expresses an AVP-ChR2-enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) fusion gene in the MNCs of the hypothalamus. The eGFP fluorescence that indicates the expression of ChR2-eGFP was observed in the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and in the magnocellular division of the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) that is known to contain AVP-secreting neurons. The eGFP fluorescence intensities in those nuclei and posterior pituitary were markedly increased after chronic salt loading (2% NaCl in drinking water for 5days). ChR2-eGFP was localized mainly in the membrane of AVP-positive MNCs. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were performed from single MNCs isolated from the SON of the transgenic rats, and blue light evoked repetitive action potentials. Our work provides for the first time an optogenetic approach to selectively activate AVP neurons in the rat. PMID:27493075

  12. Global expression profiling of globose basal cells and neurogenic progression within the olfactory epithelium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krolewski, Richard C; Packard, Adam; Schwob, James E

    2013-03-01

    Ongoing, lifelong neurogenesis maintains the neuronal population of the olfactory epithelium in the face of piecemeal neuronal turnover and restores it following wholesale loss. The molecular phenotypes corresponding to different stages along the progression from multipotent globose basal cell (GBC) progenitor to differentiated olfactory sensory neuron are poorly characterized. We used the transgenic expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) and cell surface markers to FACS-isolate ΔSox2-eGFP(+) GBCs, Neurog1-eGFP(+) GBCs and immature neurons, and ΔOMP-eGFP(+) mature neurons from normal adult mice. In addition, the latter two populations were also collected 3 weeks after olfactory bulb ablation, a lesion that results in persistently elevated neurogenesis. Global profiling of mRNA from the populations indicates that all stages of neurogenesis share a cohort of >2,100 genes that are upregulated compared to sustentacular cells. A further cohort of >1,200 genes are specifically upregulated in GBCs as compared to sustentacular cells and differentiated neurons. The increased rate of neurogenesis caused by olfactory bulbectomy had little effect on the transcriptional profile of the Neurog1-eGFP(+) population. In contrast, the abbreviated lifespan of ΔOMP-eGFP(+) neurons born in the absence of the bulb correlated with substantial differences in gene expression as compared to the mature neurons of the normal epithelium. Detailed examination of the specific genes upregulated in the different progenitor populations revealed that the chromatin modifying complex proteins LSD1 and coREST were expressed sequentially in upstream ΔSox2-eGFP(+) GBCs and Neurog1-eGFP(+) GBCs/immature neurons. The expression patterns of these proteins are dynamically regulated after activation of the epithelium by methyl bromide lesion.

  13. Global expression profiling of globose basal cells and neurogenic progression within the olfactory epithelium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krolewski, Richard C; Packard, Adam; Schwob, James E

    2013-03-01

    Ongoing, lifelong neurogenesis maintains the neuronal population of the olfactory epithelium in the face of piecemeal neuronal turnover and restores it following wholesale loss. The molecular phenotypes corresponding to different stages along the progression from multipotent globose basal cell (GBC) progenitor to differentiated olfactory sensory neuron are poorly characterized. We used the transgenic expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) and cell surface markers to FACS-isolate ΔSox2-eGFP(+) GBCs, Neurog1-eGFP(+) GBCs and immature neurons, and ΔOMP-eGFP(+) mature neurons from normal adult mice. In addition, the latter two populations were also collected 3 weeks after olfactory bulb ablation, a lesion that results in persistently elevated neurogenesis. Global profiling of mRNA from the populations indicates that all stages of neurogenesis share a cohort of >2,100 genes that are upregulated compared to sustentacular cells. A further cohort of >1,200 genes are specifically upregulated in GBCs as compared to sustentacular cells and differentiated neurons. The increased rate of neurogenesis caused by olfactory bulbectomy had little effect on the transcriptional profile of the Neurog1-eGFP(+) population. In contrast, the abbreviated lifespan of ΔOMP-eGFP(+) neurons born in the absence of the bulb correlated with substantial differences in gene expression as compared to the mature neurons of the normal epithelium. Detailed examination of the specific genes upregulated in the different progenitor populations revealed that the chromatin modifying complex proteins LSD1 and coREST were expressed sequentially in upstream ΔSox2-eGFP(+) GBCs and Neurog1-eGFP(+) GBCs/immature neurons. The expression patterns of these proteins are dynamically regulated after activation of the epithelium by methyl bromide lesion. PMID:22847514

  14. The Construction of the EGFP Enterovirus 71%肠道病毒71型(EV71)荧光病毒的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱守海; 王璐璐

    2014-01-01

    人肠道病毒71型(Enterovirus,EV71)是引起手足口病的主要病原体。首先利用反向遗传学的方法,构建了EV71全长cDNA感染性克隆,经体外转录、转染RD细胞后成功获得了拯救病毒。随后,将增强型绿色荧光蛋白基因(Enhanced green fluorescent protein,EGFP)插入到EV71基因组中构建荧光病毒。结果表明,此荧光病毒不仅可以侵染、复制,在传代的过程中EGFP基因也保持了较好的稳定性,表明其可以作为一种报告病毒应用于高通量的EV71抗病毒药物筛选中。%Human Enterovirus 71(EV71)is one of the major agents causing hand, foot and mouth disease(HFMD). An infectious full-length cDNA clone of EV71 as well as the recuse virus were obtained using the reverse genetic techniques. Then, the EGFP gene was inserted into the EV71 genome to construct the reporter virus. The results show that the EGFP-EV71 virus not only are replication-competent and infectious, but the EGFP gene are stable during passaging, implicating the recombinant virus could be used as a reporter virus for high throughput EV71 antiviral drugs screening.

  15. Distribution and expression in vitro and in vivo of DNA vaccine against lymphocystis disease virus in Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑风荣; 孙修勤; 刘洪展; 吴兴安; 钟楠; 王波; 周国栋

    2010-01-01

    Lymphocystis disease,caused by the lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV),is a significant worldwide problem in fish industry causing substantial economic losses.In this study,we aimed to develop the DNA vaccine against LCDV,using DNA vaccination technology.We evaluated plasmid pEGFP-N2-LCDV1.3 kb as a DNA vaccine candidate.The plasmid DNA was transiently expressed after liposome transfection into the eukaryotic COS 7 cell line.The distribution and expression of the DNA vaccine (pEGFP-N2-LCDV1.3kb) were also ana...

  16. Fluorescence of a Histidine-Modified Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein (EGFP) Effectively Quenched by Copper(II) Ions. Part II. Molecular Determinants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Péterffy, Judit Petres; Szabó, Mária; Szilágyi, László; Lányi, Szabolcs; Ábrahám, Beáta

    2015-07-01

    The histidine-modified EGFP was characterized as a sensing element that preferentially binds nanomolar concentrations of Cu(2+) in a reversible manner (Kd = 15 nM). This research aims to determine the causes of nanomolar-affinity of this mutant by investigating significant structural and energetic alterations of the chromophore in the presence of different copper ion concentrations. In order to reveal the unknown parts of the quenching mechanism we have elaborated a specific approach that combines theoretical and experimental techniques. The theoretical experiment included the modeling of potential distortions of the chromophores and the corresponding changes in energy using quantum mechanical calculations. Differences between the modeled energy profiles of planar and distorted conformations represented the energies of activation for the chromophore distortions. We found that some values of the experimental activation energies, which were derived from fluorescence lifetime decay analysis (ex: 470 nm, em: 507 nm), were consistent with the theoretical ones. Thus, it has been revealed similarity between the theoretical activation energy (50 kJmol(-1)) for 40° phenolate-ring distortion and the experimental activation energy (52.17 kJmol(-1)) required for histidine-modified EGFP saturation with copper. This chromophore conformation was further investigated and it has been found that the large decrease in fluorescence emission is attributed to the significant charge transfer over the molecule which triggers proton transfer thereby neutralizing the cromophore. PMID:25893929

  17. Enhancement of heterologous gene expression in Flammulina velutipes using polycistronic vectors containing a viral 2A cleavage sequence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yu-Ju; Huang, Li-Hsin; Huang, Ching-Tsan

    2013-01-01

    Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation for edible mushrooms has been previously established. However, the enhancement of heterologous protein production and the expression of multi-target genes remains a challenge. In this study, heterologous protein expression in the enoki mushroom Flammulina velutipes was notably enhanced using 2A peptide-mediated cleavage to co-express multiple copies of single gene. The polycistronic expression vectors were constructed by connecting multi copies of the enhanced green fluorescent protein (egfp) gene using 2A peptides derived from porcine teschovirus-1. The P2A peptides properly self-cleaved as shown by the formation of the transformants with antibiotic resistant capacity and exciting green fluorescence levels after introducing the vectors into F. velutipes mycelia. The results of western blot analysis, epifluorescent microscopy and EGFP production showed that heterologous protein expression in F. velutipes using the polycistronic strategy increased proportionally as the gene copy number increased from one to three copies. In contrast, much lower EGFP levels were detected in the F. velutipes transformants harboring four copies of the egfp gene due to mRNA instability. The polycistronic strategy using 2A peptide-mediated cleavage developed in this study can not only be used to express single gene in multiple copies, but also to express multiple genes in a single reading frame. It is a promising strategy for the application of mushroom molecular pharming. PMID:23516605

  18. Enhancement of heterologous gene expression in Flammulina velutipes using polycistronic vectors containing a viral 2A cleavage sequence.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Ju Lin

    Full Text Available Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation for edible mushrooms has been previously established. However, the enhancement of heterologous protein production and the expression of multi-target genes remains a challenge. In this study, heterologous protein expression in the enoki mushroom Flammulina velutipes was notably enhanced using 2A peptide-mediated cleavage to co-express multiple copies of single gene. The polycistronic expression vectors were constructed by connecting multi copies of the enhanced green fluorescent protein (egfp gene using 2A peptides derived from porcine teschovirus-1. The P2A peptides properly self-cleaved as shown by the formation of the transformants with antibiotic resistant capacity and exciting green fluorescence levels after introducing the vectors into F. velutipes mycelia. The results of western blot analysis, epifluorescent microscopy and EGFP production showed that heterologous protein expression in F. velutipes using the polycistronic strategy increased proportionally as the gene copy number increased from one to three copies. In contrast, much lower EGFP levels were detected in the F. velutipes transformants harboring four copies of the egfp gene due to mRNA instability. The polycistronic strategy using 2A peptide-mediated cleavage developed in this study can not only be used to express single gene in multiple copies, but also to express multiple genes in a single reading frame. It is a promising strategy for the application of mushroom molecular pharming.

  19. Enhancement of heterologous gene expression in Flammulina velutipes using polycistronic vectors containing a viral 2A cleavage sequence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yu-Ju; Huang, Li-Hsin; Huang, Ching-Tsan

    2013-01-01

    Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation for edible mushrooms has been previously established. However, the enhancement of heterologous protein production and the expression of multi-target genes remains a challenge. In this study, heterologous protein expression in the enoki mushroom Flammulina velutipes was notably enhanced using 2A peptide-mediated cleavage to co-express multiple copies of single gene. The polycistronic expression vectors were constructed by connecting multi copies of the enhanced green fluorescent protein (egfp) gene using 2A peptides derived from porcine teschovirus-1. The P2A peptides properly self-cleaved as shown by the formation of the transformants with antibiotic resistant capacity and exciting green fluorescence levels after introducing the vectors into F. velutipes mycelia. The results of western blot analysis, epifluorescent microscopy and EGFP production showed that heterologous protein expression in F. velutipes using the polycistronic strategy increased proportionally as the gene copy number increased from one to three copies. In contrast, much lower EGFP levels were detected in the F. velutipes transformants harboring four copies of the egfp gene due to mRNA instability. The polycistronic strategy using 2A peptide-mediated cleavage developed in this study can not only be used to express single gene in multiple copies, but also to express multiple genes in a single reading frame. It is a promising strategy for the application of mushroom molecular pharming.

  20. Establishment of HEK293 cell line expressing GFPAQP1 to determine water osmotic permeability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun-weiGAO; He-mingYU; Qian-liuSONG; Shu-xinLI; Xue-junLI

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To develop an osmotic water permeability assay.METHODS: We subcloned the rat AQP1 cDNA into pEGFPC3 vector. HEK293 cells were transfected with pEGFP-C3/AQP 1 or pEGFP-C3 and selected by G418. The expression of AQP1was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. Confocal laser fluorescence microscopy was used to record the change of fluorescent density corresponding to the volume change of the cells

  1. Expression of heterologous genes from an IRES translational cassette in replication competent murine leukemia virus vectors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Thomas; Duch, Mogens R.; Carrasco, M L;

    1999-01-01

    of spliced env mRNA for the SL3-3 derived vector relative to the Akv derived vectors, seemingly contributing to its low replication capacity. The EGFP expressing Akv-MLV was genetically stable for multiple rounds of infection; marker-cassette deletion revertants appeared after several replication rounds...

  2. Transdifferention of some supporting cells in the cochlea induced by Ad5 atoh1/EGFP in the young adult guinea pigs%Ad5-atoh1/EGFP在体诱导近成年豚鼠耳蜗产生毛细胞样细胞

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩朝; 丛宁; 杨娟梅; 黄一波; 靳楷; 李雯

    2012-01-01

    Objective; To explore whether the Ad5-atohl/EGFP could transdifferent the supporting ceils into the new hair cells in young adult guinea pigs cochlea in vivo. Method: Twelve healthy pigmented guinea pigs weighted 200-250 g were included in this experiment. 5 ul of Ad5-El/E3 defected-atohl/EGFP were infused into the scala media through a hole made on the lateral wall of the cochlea. Six of the 12 animal were killed 2 weeks after the infusion operation. The others were killed 4 weeks after the operation. The whole mount of the basal membranes were directly observed under the fluorescence microscope for the expression of the EGFP (enhance green fluorescent protein) or for the expression of the hair cell specific marker and nuclear after staining with myosinVIIa rabbit polyclonal antibody and Dapi dye. Result:New cells with big nuclear, ellipse body and expressed with EGFP were found in the region near to the outmost row of the outer hair cells in 2 animal 2 weeks after the infusion. Moreover there were 3 animals with specific morphologic new cells in the location where ever been located by the outer hair cells and the region as 2 weeks animals 4 weeks after the infusion. Those cells were stained by myosinVIIa antibody. Conclusion: Atohl gene could transdifferent some supporting cells in the basal membrane into hair cell like cells in young adult guinea pigs in vivo. These supporting cells locate in the region of outer hair cells and the basal membrane which do not belong to the region of outer hair cells.%目的:在近成年豚鼠耳蜗内携带atoh1/EGFP基因的腺病毒是否能够将基膜上残留的支持细胞转分化为新的毛细胞.方法:选用体重在200~250g的健康花豚鼠12只,将构建同时表达atoh1和EGFP基因的E1/E3区缺失的人类免疫5型腺病毒5μl,通过耳蜗侧壁打孔灌注导入中阶内淋巴系统.其中6只于灌注2周后处死,6只灌注4周后处死,基膜铺片观察EGFP、毛细胞标记物myosinⅦa和Dapi

  3. Molecular and functional characterization of GAD67-expressing, newborn granule cells in mouse dentate gyrus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina eCabezas

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Dentate gyrus granule cells (GCs have been suggested to synthesize both GABA and glutamate immediately after birth and under pathological conditions in the adult. Expression of the GABA synthesizing enzyme GAD67 by GCs during the first few weeks of postnatal development may then allow for transient GABA synthesis and synaptic release from these cells. Here, using the GAD67-EGFP transgenic strain G42, we explored the phenotype of GAD67-expressing GCs in the mouse dentate gyrus. We report a transient, GAD67-driven EGFP expression in differentiating GCs throughout ontogenesis. EGFP expression correlates with the expression of GAD and molecular markers of GABA release and uptake in 2-4 weeks postmitotic GCs. These rather immature cells are able to fire action potentials and are synaptically integrated in the hippocampal network. Yet they show physiological properties that differentiate them from mature GCs. Finally, GAD67-expressing GCs express a specific complement of GABAA receptor subunits as well as distinctive features of synaptic and tonic GABA signaling. Our results reveal that GAD67 expression in dentate gyrus granule cells is a transient marker of late differentiation that persists throughout life and the G42 strain may be used to visualize newborn GCs at a specific, well-defined differentiation stage.

  4. Construction and identification of recombinant vectors carrying herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase and cytokine genes expressed in gastric carcinoma cell line SGC7901

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Hua Zhang; Ming-Xi Wan; Jia-Ying Yuan; Bo-Rong Pan

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To construct and identify the recombinant vectors carrying herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSVoTK) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) or interleukin-2 (IL-2)genes expressed in gastric carcinoma cell line SGC7901.METHODS: The fragments of HSV-TK, internal ribosome entry sites (IRES) and TNF-α or TL-2 genes were inserted in a TK-IRES-TNF-α or TK-IRES-IL-2 order into pEGFP-N3 and pLXSN to generate the therapeutic vectors pEGFP-TT,pEGFP-TI, pL(TT)SN and pL(TI)SN respectively, which were structurally confirmed by the digestion analysis of restriction endonuclease. The former two plasmids were used for the transient expression of recombinant proteins in the target cells while pL(TT)SN and pL(TI)SN were transfected into SGC7901 cells by lipofectamine for the stable expression of objective genes through G418 selection. The protein products expressed transiently and stably in SGC7901 cells by the constructed vectors were confirmed by fluorescent microscopy and Western blot respectively.RESULTS: The inserted fragments in all constructed plasmids were structurally confirmed to be consistent with that of the published data. In the transient expression, both pEGFP-TT and pEGFP-TI were shown expressed in nearly 50% of the transfected SGC7901 cells. Similarly, the G418 selected vectors PL(-TT)SN and PL(TI)SN were confirmed to be successful in the stable expression of the objective proteins in the target cells.CONCLUSION: The constructed recombinant vectors in the present study that can express the suicide gene TK in combination with cytokines genes may serve as the potential tools to perform more effective investigations in future for the gene therapy of gastric carcinoma.

  5. Development and characterization of a clinical strain of Coxsackievirus A16 and an eGFP infectious clone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chenglin; Deng; Xiaodan; Li; Siqing; Liu; Linlin; Xu; Hanqing; Ye; Cheng-Feng; Qin; Bo; Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Coxsackievirus A16(CA16) is one of the major causes of hand, foot, and mouth disease(HFMD) worldwide, which is a common illness that affects children. The frequent occurrence of HFMD outbreaks has become a serious public health problem in Asia. Therefore, it is important to understand the pathogenesis and replication of CA16. In this study, a stable infectious c DNA clone of an epidemic strain of Coxsackievirus A16(CA16) was assembled, and subsequently a reporter virus(e GFP-CA16) was constructed by inserting the e GFP gene between the 5’-UTR and the N-terminus of VP4, with the addition of a 2A protease cleavage site(ITTLG) at its C-terminus. This was transfected into Vero cells to generate infectious recombinant viruses. The growth characteristics and plaque morphology, in vitro, in mammalian cells were found to be indistinguishable between the parental and recombinant viruses. Although the e GFP-CA16 showed smaller plaque size as compared to recombinant CA16, both were found to exhibit similar growth trends and EC50 of NITD008. In summary, this stable infectious c DNA clone should provide a valuable experimental system to study CA16 infection and host response. The e GFP-CA16 is expected to provide a powerful tool to monitor e GFP expression in infected cells and to evaluate the antiviral activity of potential antiviral agents in the treatment of CA16 infections.

  6. The specific expression mediated by promoters of hepatitis B virus in hepatocarcinoma cells%肝部细胞中乙肝病毒启动子介导的特异性表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢娜; 王晓燕; 张琼

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To investigate four expression vectors carrying enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) genes,which under the control of different HBV promoters,were detected and compared as to their expressions in hepatocytes and nonhepatic cell lines.Methods: Four HBV promoters (including enhancers) were amplified by PCR,subcloned into the expression vector pEGFP-1.The four recombinants controlled by HBV promoters were analyzed and identified by restriction enzymes and sequencing.After transfection into human hepatoma cell lines and non-liver cells,transfection efficiency was measured by EGFP expression through fluorescence microscopy and analyzed with fluorescence activated cell sorter (FACS).Results: All target fragments were separately obtained and successfully cloned into the expression vector.The transfection results showed that in hepatoma cells,the expression of EGFP was more obvious than it was in non-hepatic cells.Among the four promoters,S gene promoter presented the strongest transfection efficiency.Conclusion: Our findings indicate that HBV promoters could lead specific expression in hepatocytes,different promoters had different outcomes,which might be a potential for the gene therapy of liver diseases.

  7. Three-dimensional imaging of Prox1-EGFP transgenic mouse gonads reveals divergent modes of lymphangiogenesis in the testis and ovary.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terje Svingen

    Full Text Available The lymphatic vasculature forms a specialized part of the circulatory system, being essential for maintaining tissue fluid homeostasis and for transport of hormones, macromolecules, and immune cells. Although lymphatic vessels are assumed to play an important role in most tissues, their morphogenesis and function in the gonads remains poorly understood. Here we have exploited a lymphatic-specific Prox1-EGFP reporter mouse model and optical projection tomography technology to characterize both the temporal and spatial development of the lymphatic vessel network in mouse testes and ovaries. We find that lymphangiogenesis in the testis is initiated during late gestation, but in contrast to other organs, lymphatic vessels remain confined to the testis cap and, unlike blood vessels, do not infiltrate the entire organ. Conversely, lymphatic vessels invade the ovarian tissue, beginning postnatally, and sprouting from preexisting lymphatic vessels at the extraovarian rete. The ovary develops a rich network of lymphatic vessels, extending from the medulla into the surrounding cortex adjacent to developing follicles. This study reveals distinct patterns of lymphangiogenesis in the testes and ovaries and will serve as the basis for the identification of the divergent molecular pathways that control morphogenesis and the function of the lymphatic vasculature in these two organs.

  8. The construction and expression of Angelman syndrome related gene UBE3a in rat neuronal cells%天使综合征致病基因UBE3a在大鼠神经元细胞中的克隆和表达检测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋玉萌; 赵雪; 王宁; 王洪才; 张惊宇; 杨子超

    2012-01-01

    目的:调取并构建含有人UBE3a基因全长cDNA的真核表达载体pEGFP-UBE3a,采用磷酸钙转染方法将构建的重组质粒在神经元细胞中表达并观察EGFP-UBE3a蛋白的亚细胞定位.方法:采用PCR技术从人胎脑组织cDNA文库中扩增UBE3a基因的ORF片段并进行酶切构建pEGFP-UBE3a的真核表达重组质粒.用磷酸钙转染方法将重组质粒转染入体外培养的神经元细胞,分别在体外培养8天和14天时通过倒置荧光显微镜观察重组蛋白的表达和定位情况.结果:PCR扩增获得人胎脑组织cDNA文库中UBE3a cDNA全长2559 bp,构建真核表达重组质粒pEGFP-UBE3a成功,经DNA测序与GenBank中的人UBE3a cDNA序列一致.经倒置荧光显微镜观察重组质粒的表达情况,结果显示转染重组质粒的细胞中有高水平的EGFP-UBE3a蛋白表达,且UBE3a在早期神经元的细胞质和细胞核中广泛表达,并弥散在轴突和树突,而在成熟神经元细胞核中的表达明显富集.结论:本实验成功构建了pEGFP-UBE3a真核表达质粒,EGFP-UBE3a蛋白在体外培养的神经元细胞中能够有效表达,且随着神经元的成熟逐步向核内富集,为进一步研究UBE3a基因在天使综合征发生发展中的作用奠定了基础.%Objective;To construct the recombinant eukaryotic plasmids which expressing human UBE3a gene and then detect the expression and location of EGFP-UBE3a protein in cultured neurons in vitro. Methods;The ORF fragment of UBE3a gene was amplified from human embryonic brain cDNA library and then cloned into pEGFP-Nl vector. The recombinant pEGFP-UBE3a plasmids were then transfected into the cultured neurons by calcium phosphate methods. The expression and location of EGFP-UBE3a protein were examined under microscope at DIV(Days in vitro) 8 and 14. ResultS;The PCR products of UBE3a ORF fragment was 2 559 bp and the sequencing data of pEGFP-UBE3a plasmid was identical to NCBI database. EGFP-UBE3a protein was expressed widely over

  9. Stable Somatic Gene Expression in Mouse Lungs Following Electroporation-mediated Tol2 Transposon Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muliawan, Hary Sakti; Nakayama, Kazuhiko; Yagi, Keiko; Ikeda, Koji; Yagita, Kazuhiro; Hirata, Ken-ichi; Emoto, Noriaki

    2015-10-07

    Gene delivery to the lung has rapidly progressed as an important method for studying various chronic lung diseases. Viral vectors, albeit highly efficient, are limited by the host immune response. Electroporation, a well-known non-viral method, can efficiently deliver genes to the lung, but is unable to induce stable gene expression. The Tol2 transposon is another non-viral method that can induce stable gene expression by reinserting its genes into the host genome. In this study, we combined electroporation and Tol2 transposons to obtain stable, high-level gene expression in the mouse lung. Tol2 transposon plasmids (pT2A-EGFP; Tol2, pCAGGS-TP; transposase) were optimized in vitro, and the electroporation procedure (pCAG-EGFP) was optimized in mouse lungs. After optimization, a combination of electroporation plus the Tol2 transposon was used in a comparative analysis with electroporation plus pCAG-EGFP. GFP expression levels were quantified and visualized on days 4 and 7 post-electroporation. We successfully reproduced the Tol2 transposon system in vitro and the electroporation procedure in vivo. We observed sustainable GFP expression using electroporation plus the Tol2 transposon on days 4 and 7, while electroporation plus pCAG-EGFP resulted in decreased GFP expression on day 7. We were able to induce high-level, stable gene expression in mouse lungs using a combination of electroporation and the Tol2 transposon. This represents a safer method for lung gene delivery that can be used as an alternative to viral vectors.

  10. Liposome enhanced transfection of pEGFP-N1 plasmid to prostate cancer cells in vitro with low frequency ultrasound combined with microbubbles%低频超声联合微泡造影剂增强脂质体介导pEGFP-N1基因转染体外前列腺癌细胞

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴作辉; 白文坤; 张吉臻; 胡兵

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨低频超声联合微泡造影剂增强脂质体介导增强型绿色荧光蛋白质粒(pEGFP-N1)转染前列腺癌细胞的可行性,并对超声微泡浓度参数进行优化.方法 将前列腺癌PC-3细胞悬液分为空白对照组、超声组、微泡组、微泡+超声组、脂质体组、脂质体+微泡组、脂质体+超声组、脂质体+微泡+超声组,其中脂质体+微泡+超声组根据微泡体积浓度不同分为(0、10%、20%、30%、40%和50%)6个亚组.经超声辐照,24 h后用荧光显微镜观察细胞中基因表达情况,并用流式细胞仪检测转染率.结果 脂质体+微泡+超声组基因转染效率最高,与其他组比较差异均有统计学意义( P均<0.05);在脂质体+微泡+超声亚组中,微泡浓度为20%亚组基因转染率最高.结论 低频超声联合微泡能有效增强脂质体介导pEGFP-N1基因在体外前列腺癌细胞中的转染率,20%是体外基因转染前列腺癌细胞的最佳微泡浓度.%Objective To investigate the feasibility of liposome enhanced transfection of green fluorescent protein gene (pEGFP-N1) plasmid to prostate cancer cells with low frequency ultrasound combined with microbubbles, and to optimize the parameters of microbubbles concentration. Methods PC-3 prostate cancer cell suspension was divided into 8 groups > i. e. control group, ultrasound group, microbubbles group, microbubbles+ultrasound group, liposome group, microbubbles + liposome group, liposome+ultrasound group and ultrasound + microbubbles + liposome group. The ultrasound-f-micro-bubbles+liposome group was classified into 6 sub-groups: 0, 10% , 20% , 30% , 40% , and 50% , based on microbubbles volume concentration. The cell suspension was cultured in 12-well plates for 24 h after irradiation, and fluorescent microscopy was used to observe gene transfection and calculated the rate of gene transfection. Results Ultrasound+microbubbles + liposome group had the best efficiency, which was

  11. Rapid yeast estrogen bioassays stably expressing human estrogen receptors alpha and beta, and green fluorescent protein: a comparison of different compounds on both receptor types

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bovee, T.F.H.; Helsdingen, J.R.; Rietjens, I.M.C.M.; Keijer, J.; Hoogenboom, L.A.P.

    2004-01-01

    Previously, we described the construction of a rapid yeast bioassay stably expressing human estrogen receptor (hER) and yeast enhanced green fluorescent protein (yEGFP) in response to estrogens. In the present study, the properties of this assay were further studied by testing a series of estrogenic

  12. Tightly regulated and homogeneous transgene expression in human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells by lentivirus with tet-off system.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroyuki Moriyama

    Full Text Available Genetic modification of human adipose tissue-derived multilineage progenitor cells (hADMPCs is highly valuable for their exploitation in therapeutic applications. Here, we have developed a novel single tet-off lentiviral vector platform. This vector combines (1 a modified tetracycline (tet-response element composite promoter, (2 a multi-cistronic strategy to express an improved version of the tet-controlled transactivator and the blasticidin resistance gene under the control of a ubiquitous promoter, and (3 acceptor sites for easy recombination cloning of the gene of interest. In the present study, we used the cytomegalovirus (CMV or the elongation factor 1 α (EF-1α promoter as the ubiquitous promoter, and EGFP was introduced as the gene of interest. hADMPCs transduced with a lentiviral vector carrying either the CMV promoter or the EF-1α promoter were effectively selected by blasticidin without affecting their stem cell properties, and EGFP expression was strictly regulated by doxycycline (Dox treatment in these cells. However, the single tet-off lentiviral vector carrying the EF-1α promoter provided more homogenous expression of EGFP in hADMPCs. Intriguingly, differentiated cells from these Dox-responsive cell lines constitutively expressed EGFP only in the absence of Dox. This single tet-off lentiviral vector thus provides an important tool for applied research on hADMPCs.

  13. Enhanced protein secretion from insect cells by co-expression of the chaperone calreticulin and translation initiation factor eIF4E

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Teng, C.Y.; Chang, S.L.; Oers, van M.M.; Wu, T.Y.

    2013-01-01

    Host protein synthesis is shut down in the lytic baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS). This also affects host proteins involved in routing secretory proteins through the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi system. It has been demonstrated that a secretory alkaline phosphatase–EGFP fusion protein

  14. Expression of thymidine kinase mediated by a novel non-viral delivery system under the control of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 promoter selectively kills human umbilical vein endothelial cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ying Wang; Hui-Xiong Xu; Ming-De Lu; Qing Tang

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the killing efficiency of a recombinant plasmid containing a thymidine kinase (TK) domain insert driven by the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) promoter (KDR) on vascular endothelial cells.METHODS: The KDR-TK fragment was extracted from pBluescript 11 KDR-TK plasmid by enzymatic digestion with XhoI and Sa/I. The enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) carrier was extracted from pEGFP by the same procedure. The KDR-TK was inserted into the pEGFP carrier to construct pEGFP-KDR-TK. Using ultrasound irradiation and microbubble,pEGFP-KDR-TK was transferred into human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The transient infection rate was estimated by green fluorescent protein (GFP)expression. Transfected HUVECs, non-transfected HUVECs, and HepG2 cells were cultured in the presence of different concentrations of ganciclovir (GCV), and the killing efficacy of HSV-TK/GCV was analyzed by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTr) assay.RESULTS: The recombinant pEGFP-KDR-TK was successfully constructed by inserting the KDR-TK fragment into the pEGFP carrier. Transfected HUVECs showed cytoplasmic green fluorescence, and the transient transfection rate was about 20.3%. Pools of G418-resistant cells exhibited a higher sensitivity to the prodrug/GCV compared to non-transfected HUVECs or non-transfected HepG2 cells, respectively.CONCLUSION: KDR promoter and the suicide gene/prodrug system mediated by diagnostic ultrasound combined with microbubble can significantly kill HUVECs.Such therapy may present a novel and attractive approach to target gene therapy on tumor vessels.

  15. To Construct Eukaryotic Expression Vector with GAD67 Gene and Transfect It into Bone Marrow Stromal Cells%携带人类GAD67基因真核表达载体的构建及转染骨髓基质细胞

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢三平; 陈吉相; 李慧; 徐婧; 黄园园

    2011-01-01

    目的:构建携带人类谷氨酸脱羧酶67(GAD67)基因的真核表达载体pDC316-CMV-EGFP-GAD67,并转染大鼠骨髓基质细胞(BMSCs).方法:利用基因重组技术,构建pDC316-CMV-EGFP-GAD67真核表达载体;利用脂质体将其转染通过贴壁方法分离培养出来的BMSCs,荧光显微镜下观察并经流式细胞仪检测其转染效率,免疫组化检测GAD67蛋白在BMSCs中的表达.结果:成功构建pDC316-CMV-EGFP-GAD67真核表达载体,转染BMSCs后荧光显微镜下观察可见绿色荧光细胞,流式细胞仪检测转染后48 h的转染效率为37.3%,免疫组化检测转染后48 h,BMSCs内GAD67蛋白呈阳性表达.结论:构建pDC316-CMV-EGFP-GAD67真核表达载体并成功转染BMSCs.%Objective: To construct human glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD67) gene's recombinant eukaryotic expression vector pDC316-CMV-EGFP-GAD67 and to transfect it into bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) of rats. Methods: Eukaryotic expression vector pDC316-CMV-EGFP-GAD67 was constructed with the technique of gene rearrangement. BMSCs of rats were cultivated by their adherence-dependent growth character, and the recombinant pDC316-CMV-EGFP-GAD67 was transferred into the BSMCs with lipofectamineTM2000. The cells were observed by fluorescence microscopy, the efficiency of transfection was assessed by flow cytometry, and the expression of GAD67 protein in BMSCs was detected by immunohistochemistry after transfecting. Results: The pDC316-CMV-EGFP-GAD67 was constructed successfully. Green fluorocytes were detected under fluorescence microscopy after transfection and the efficiency of transfection was 37.30% at 48 hours post transfection. GAD67 protein expressed in tansfected BMSCs at 48 hours post transfection. Conclusion: The eukaryotic expression vector pDC316-CMV-EGFP-GAD67 was successfully constructed and effectively transfected into BMSCs.

  16. 人类前列腺凋亡反应因子4基因真核表达载体的构建及其在K562细胞中的表达%Construction of human Par-4 eukaryotic expression vector and expression in K562 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦洁; 王宏伟; 杨涛; 朱镭; 张丽

    2009-01-01

    目的 构建带有绿色荧光蛋白的人类前列腺凋亡反应因子4(Par-4)基因真核表达载体pIRES2-EGFP/Par-4,并转染K562细胞.方法 以pDNR/Par-4质粒为模板,PCR扩增Par-4基因,T-A克隆,亚克隆至pIRES2-EGFP上,并对重组表达载体进行酶切、测序鉴定.采用Superfect转染试剂转染K562细胞.提取细胞总蛋白,Western blotting柃测Par-4表达.结果 经限制性酶切鉴定及测序分析证实pIRES2-EGFP/Par-4载体序列止确;荧光显微镜下可见转染的K562细胞有绿色荧光蛋白的表达,Western blotting 证实转染细胞中存在Par-4蛋白的表达.结论 pIRES2-EGFP/Par-4表达载体构建成功,并在K562细胞内成功表达.%Objective To construct an eukaryotic expression vector of human Par-4 gene with green fluorescent protein gene which iS named pIRES2-EGFP/Par-4 and transfect jt into K562 cell line. Methods Using pDNR/Par-4 plasmid as a template.the full length Par-4 cDNA was amplified by PCR and subsequently cloned into T-A vector.Then subcloned into pIRES2-EGFP vector.After identified by digestion of restriefive endonucleases.pIRES2-EGFP/Par-4 was further confirmed by sequencing.Then it was transfected into K562 cells with Superfect reagents.The total proteins were isolated and Par-4 was detected by Western blotting. Results The exact sequences of pIRES2-EGFP/Par-4 vector were confirmed by digestion of restrictive endonucleases and sequencing.After transfection,the expressions of green fluorescent protein were present.The protein expression of Par-4 has been detected in transfected ceils hv Western blotting.Conclusion The vector pIRES2-EGFP/Par-4 has been constructed and could Successfully express Par-4 gene in K562 cells.

  17. Expression and characterization of insulin growth factor-I-enhanced green fluorescent protein fused protein as a tracer for immunoassay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is an important polypeptide hormone under investigation for body metabolism study and for doping detection. Here, we describe for the first time the expression of a recombinant fusion protein of IGF-I and the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). The genetic fusion approach enables preparation of conjugates with 1:1 stoichiometry and homogeneous structure. The fused protein (EGFP-IGF-I) was expressed as a soluble protein in cytoplasm of Escherichia coli and its fluorescence and immunoreaction properties were thoroughly characterized. Finally, we demonstrated the utility of the EGFP-IGF-I fusion protein for the fluorescence immunoassay of IGF-1. The linear range of the assay is 1.6 x 10-8 to 2.0 x 10-6 M with a detection limit of 1.6 x 10-8 M. To our knowledge, this is the first time that EGFP has been used as a quantitative label in a fusion protein to develop a quantitative assay for IGF-I. Furthermore, the use of genetically engineered fusion proteins, which combine peptide hormones with fluorescent protein, can lead to a new labeling approach to a number of bioanalytical applications

  18. Colonization of Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 in Wheat Via EGFP%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62的EGFP标记及其在小麦体内的定殖研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘华伟; 王庆贺; 张宏; 王蕊; 肖红利; 郭蔼光

    2009-01-01

    以质粒pEGFP-C1为模板,采用PCR方法特异性扩增增强型绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)基因全长序列,将其与原核表达载体pVK-100连接,构建成重组载体pVK-EGFP.利用电转化法将重组载体导入巴西固氮螺菌Yu62中,得到EGFP标记菌株.用EGFP标记菌接种小麦'小偃107'种子,室内限菌条件下培养10 d后,用荧光显微镜观测标记菌在小麦体内的定殖规律并观察接菌植株的田间生长状况.结果显示,巴西固氮螺菌Yu62能定殖于小麦根毛区、茎组织的细胞间隙等部位,而且接菌小麦'小偃107'植株在根系发育、株高、分蘖数等方面比对照有较明显的优势.研究表明,巴西固氮螺菌Yu62能够定殖于小麦根茎内,并具有促进植物生长的作用.

  19. Circadian RNA expression elicited by 3’-UTR IRAlu-paraspeckle associated elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Manon; Becquet, Denis; Blanchard, Marie-Pierre; Guillen, Séverine; Boyer, Bénédicte; Moreno, Mathias; Franc, Jean-Louis; François-Bellan, Anne-Marie

    2016-01-01

    Paraspeckles are nuclear bodies form around the long non-coding RNA, Neat1, and RNA-binding proteins. While their role is not fully understood, they are believed to control gene expression at a post-transcriptional level by means of the nuclear retention of mRNA containing in their 3’-UTR inverted repeats of Alu sequences (IRAlu). In this study, we found that, in pituitary cells, all components of paraspeckles including four major proteins and Neat1 displayed a circadian expression pattern. Furthermore the insertion of IRAlu at the 3’-UTR of the EGFP cDNA led to a rhythmic circadian nuclear retention of the egfp mRNA that was lost when paraspeckles were disrupted whereas insertion of a single antisense Alu had only a weak effect. Using real-time video-microscopy, these IRAlu were further shown to drive a circadian expression of EGFP protein. This study shows that paraspeckles, thanks to their circadian expression, control circadian gene expression at a post-transcriptional level. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.14837.001 PMID:27441387

  20. T cell receptor transgenic lymphocytes infiltrating murine tumors are not induced to express foxp3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quatromoni Jon G

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Regulatory T cells (Treg that express the transcription factor Foxp3 are enriched within a broad range of murine and human solid tumors. The ontogeny of these Foxp3 Tregs - selective accumulation or proliferation of natural thymus-derived Treg (nTreg or induced Treg (iTreg converted in the periphery from naïve T cells - is not known. We used several strains of mice in which Foxp3 and EGFP are coordinately expressed to address this issue. We confirmed that Foxp3-positive CD4 T cells are enriched among tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL and splenocytes (SPL in B16 murine melanoma-bearing C57BL/6 Foxp3EGFP mice. OT-II Foxp3EGFP mice are essentially devoid of nTreg, having transgenic CD4 T cells that recognize a class II-restricted epitope derived from ovalbumin; Foxp3 expression could not be detected in TIL or SPL in these mice when implanted with ovalbumin-transfected B16 tumor (B16-OVA. Likewise, TIL isolated from B16 tumors implanted in Pmel-1 Foxp3EGFP mice, whose CD8 T cells recognize a class I-restricted gp100 epitope, were not induced to express Foxp3. All of these T cell populations - wild-type CD4, pmel CD8 and OTII CD4 - could be induced in vitro to express Foxp3 by engagement of their T cell receptor (TCR and exposure to transforming growth factor β (TGFβ. B16 melanoma produces TGFβ and both pmel CD8 and OTII CD4 express TCR that should be engaged within B16 and B16-OVA respectively. Thus, CD8 and CD4 transgenic T cells in these animal models failed to undergo peripheral induction of Foxp3 in a tumor microenvironment.

  1. Autocrine expression of hepatocyte growth factor and its cytoprotective effect on hepatocyte poisoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yong He; Jun Zhou; Ke-Feng Dou; Yong Chen; Qing-Guo Yan; Hai-Min Li

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To construct pEGFP-hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)expression vector,the to detect its expression in transfected human hepatocytes, and to investigate the influence of autocrine HGF expression on the proliferative potential and cytoprotective effects in human hepatocytes.METHODS: Human HGF cDNA was ligated to the pEGFP vector.Recombinant plasmid was transfected into human hepatocyte line QZG with liposome. Expression of HGF protein was observed by fluorescence microscopy and immunohistochemistry. Hepatic cells were collected 24, 48, and 72 h after transfection to detect the number of [3H]-TdR uptake in DNA. DNA synthesis was observed by using PCNA stain immunohistochemistry.Acute liver cell damage was induced by carbon tetrachloride. Cytoprotective effect was observed by examining the survival rate of hepatocytes and leakage of intracellular alanine transaminase (ALT) and potassium ions.RESULTS: HGF identification of pEGFP-HGF by enzyme digestion showed that HGF fragment was cloned into BamH I and Sa/I sites of pEGFP-N3. Expression of GFP in transfected hepatocytes was observed with fluorescence microscopy.The [3H]-TdR uptake became 7 times as many as in the control group 96 h after transfection. After HGF transfection,the survival rate of hepatocytes poisoned by CCl4 significantly increased (83% vs 61%, P<0.05), and the leakage of intracellular alanine transaminase and potassium ions decreased(586 nkat/L vs1089 nkat/L, P<0.01; and 5.59 mmol/L vs6.02 mmol/L, P<0.01 respectively). Culture of transfected hepatic cells promoted the proliferation of other nontransfected cells.CONCLUSION: Transfected HGF is expressed in hepatic cells and has the activity of promoting cell division and protecting hepatic cells against poisoning.

  2. Morphology, input-output relations and synaptic connectivity of Cajal-Retzius cells in layer 1 of the developing neocortex of CXCR4-EGFP mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anstötz, Max; Cosgrove, Kathleen E; Hack, Iris; Mugnaini, Enrico; Maccaferri, Gianmaria; Lübke, Joachim H R

    2014-11-01

    Layer 1 (L1) neurons, in particular Cajal-Retzius (CR) cells are among the earliest generated neurons in the neocortex. However, their role and that of L1 GABAergic interneurons in the establishment of an early cortical microcircuit are still poorly understood. Thus, the morphology of whole-cell recorded and biocytin-filled CR cells was investigated in postnatal day (P) 7-11 old CXCR4-EGFP mice where CR cells can be easily identified by their fluorescent appearance. Confocal-, light- and subsequent electron microscopy was performed to investigate their developmental regulation, morphology, synaptic input-output relationships and electrophysiological properties. CR cells reached their peak in occurrence between P4 to P7 and from thereon declined to almost complete disappearance at P14 by undergoing selective cell death through apoptosis. CR cells formed a dense and long-range horizontal network in layer 1 with a remarkable high density of synaptic boutons along their axons. They received dense GABAergic and non-GABAergic synaptic input and in turn provided synaptic output preferentially with spines or shafts of terminal tuft dendrites of pyramidal neurons. Interestingly, no dye-coupling between CR cells with other cortical neurons was observed as reported for other species, however, biocytin-labeling of individual CR cells leads to co-staining of L1 end foot astrocytes. Electrophysiologically, CR cells are characterized by a high input resistance and a characteristic firing pattern. Increasing depolarizing currents lead to action potential of decreasing amplitude and increasing half width, often terminated by a depolarization block. The presence of membrane excitability, the high density of CR cells in layer 1, their long-range horizontal axonal projection together with a high density of synaptic boutons and their synaptic input-output relationship suggest that they are an integral part of an early cortical network important not only in layer 1 but also for the

  3. Preparation and characterization of a stable BHK-21 cell line constitutively expressing the Schmallenberg virus nucleocapsid protein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yongning; Wu, Shaoqiang; Song, Shanshan; Lv, Jizhou; Feng, Chunyan; Lin, Xiangmei

    2015-08-01

    Schmallenberg virus (SBV) is a newly emerged orthobunyavirus that predominantly infects livestock such as cattle, sheep, and goats. Its nucleocapsid (N) protein is an ideal target antigen for SBV diagnosis. In this study, a stable BHK-21 cell line, BHK-21-EGFP-SBV-N, constitutively expressing the SBV N protein was obtained using a lentivector-mediated gene transfer system combined with puromycin selection. To facilitate the purification of recombinant SBV N protein, the coding sequence for a hexa-histidine tag was introduced into the C-terminus of the SBV N gene during construction of the recombinant lentivirus vector pLV-EGFP-SBV-N. The BHK-21-EGFP-SBV-N cell line was demonstrated to spontaneously emit strong enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) signals that exhibited a discrete punctate distribution throughout the cytoplasm. SBV N mRNA and protein expression in this cell line were detected by real-time RT-PCR and western blot, respectively. The expressed recombinant SBV N protein carried an N-terminal EGFP tag, and was successfully purified using Ni-NTA agarose by means of its C-terminal His tag. The purified SBV N protein could be recognized by SBV antisera and an anti-SBV monoclonal antibody (mAb) 2C8 in an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and western blot analyses. Indirect immunofluorescence assays further demonstrated that the stable cell line reacts with SBV antisera and mAb 2C8. These results suggest that the generated cell line has the potential to be used in the serological diagnosis of SBV. PMID:26013296

  4. Construction and Co-expression of Grass Carp Reovirus VP6 Protein and Enhanced Green Fluorescence Protein in the Insect Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Grass carp reovirus (GCRV), a disaster agent to aquatic animals, belongs to Genus Aquareovirus of family Reoviridea. Sequence analysis revealed GCRV genome segment 8 (s8) was 1296 bp nucleotides in length encoding an inner capsid protein VP6 of about 43kDa. To obtain in vitro non-fusion expression of a GCRV VP6 protein containing a molecular of fluorescence reporter, the recombinant baculovirus, which contained the GCRVs8 and eGFP (enhanced green fluorescence protein)genes, was constructed by using the Bac-to-Bac insect expression system. In this study, the whole GCRVs8 and eGFP genes, amplified by PCR, were constructed into a pFastBacDual vector under polyhedron (PH) and p10 promoters, respectively. The constructed dual recombinant plasmid (pFbDGCRVs8/eGFP) was transformed into DH10Bac cells to obtain recombinant Bacmid (AcGCRVs8/eGFP) by transposition. Finally, the recombinant bacluovirus (vAcGCRVs8/eGFP) was obtained from transfected Sf9 insect cells. The green fluorescence that was expressed by transfected Sf9 cells was initially observed 3 days post transfection, and gradually enhanced and extended around 5days culture in P1(Passage1) stock. The stable high level expression of recombinant protein was observed in P2 and subsequent passage budding virus (BV) stock. Additionally, PCR amplification from P1 and amplified P2 BV stock further confirmed the validity of the dual-recombinant baculovirus. Our results provide a foundation for expression and assembly of the GCRV structural protein in vitro.

  5. The stealth episome: suppression of gene expression on the excised genomic island PPHGI-1 from Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott A C Godfrey

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola is the causative agent of halo blight in the common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris. P. syringae pv. phaseolicola race 4 strain 1302A contains the avirulence gene avrPphB (syn. hopAR1, which resides on PPHGI-1, a 106 kb genomic island. Loss of PPHGI-1 from P. syringae pv. phaseolicola 1302A following exposure to the hypersensitive resistance response (HR leads to the evolution of strains with altered virulence. Here we have used fluorescent protein reporter systems to gain insight into the mobility of PPHGI-1. Confocal imaging of dual-labelled P. syringae pv. phaseolicola 1302A strain, F532 (dsRFP in chromosome and eGFP in PPHGI-1, revealed loss of PPHGI-1::eGFP encoded fluorescence during plant infection and when grown in vitro on extracted leaf apoplastic fluids. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS of fluorescent and non-fluorescent PPHGI-1::eGFP F532 populations showed that cells lost fluorescence not only when the GI was deleted, but also when it had excised and was present as a circular episome. In addition to reduced expression of eGFP, quantitative PCR on sub-populations separated by FACS showed that transcription of other genes on PPHGI-1 (avrPphB and xerC was also greatly reduced in F532 cells harbouring the excised PPHGI-1::eGFP episome. Our results show how virulence determinants located on mobile pathogenicity islands may be hidden from detection by host surveillance systems through the suppression of gene expression in the episomal state.

  6. Mitochondrial physiology and gene expression analyses reveal metabolic and translational dysregulation in oocyte-induced somatic nuclear reprogramming.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Telma C Esteves

    Full Text Available While reprogramming a foreign nucleus after somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT, the enucleated oocyte (ooplasm must signal that biomass and cellular requirements changed compared to the nucleus donor cell. Using cells expressing nuclear-encoded but mitochondria-targeted EGFP, a strategy was developed to directly distinguish maternal and embryonic products, testing ooplasm demands on transcriptional and post-transcriptional activity during reprogramming. Specifically, we compared transcript and protein levels for EGFP and other products in pre-implantation SCNT embryos, side-by-side to fertilized controls (embryos produced from the same oocyte pool, by intracytoplasmic injection of sperm containing the EGFP transgene. We observed that while EGFP transcript abundance is not different, protein levels are significantly lower in SCNT compared to fertilized blastocysts. This was not observed for Gapdh and Actb, whose protein reflected mRNA. This transcript-protein relationship indicates that the somatic nucleus can keep up with ooplasm transcript demands, whilst transcription and translation mismatch occurs after SCNT for certain mRNAs. We further detected metabolic disturbances after SCNT, suggesting a place among forces regulating post-transcriptional changes during reprogramming. Our observations ascribe oocyte-induced reprogramming with previously unsuspected regulatory dimensions, in that presence of functional proteins may no longer be inferred from mRNA, but rather depend on post-transcriptional regulation possibly modulated through metabolism.

  7. Characterization of gene expression regulated by human OTK18 using Drosophila melanogaster as a model system for innate immunity

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Cole R. Spresser; Sarah E. Marshall; Kimberly A. Carlson

    2008-08-01

    OTK18 is a human transcriptional suppressor implicated in the regulation of human immunodeficiency virus type-one infection of mononuclear phagocytes. It is ubiquitously expressed in all normal tissues, but its normal homeostatic function is yet to be characterized. One hypothesis is that OTK18 aids in the regulation of the innate immune system. To test this hypothesis, cDNA microarray analysis was performed on the total RNA extracted from Drosophila melanogaster embryonic Schneider 2 (S2) cells transfected with either pEGFP-OTK18 (enhanced green fluorescent protein) or empty vector controls (pEGFP-N3) for 6, 12 and 24 h. cDNA microarray analysis revealed differential expression of genes known to be important in regulation of Drosophila innate immunity. The expression levels of two genes, Metchnikowin and CG16708 were verified by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR. These results suggest a role for OTK18 in innate immunity.

  8. Tissue-specific expression of ferritin H regulates cellular iron homoeostasis in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, John; Di, Xiumin; Schönig, Kai; Buss, Joan L; Kock, Nancy D; Cline, J Mark; Saunders, Thomas L; Bujard, Hermann; Torti, Suzy V; Torti, Frank M

    2006-05-01

    Ferritin is a ubiquitously distributed iron-binding protein. Cell culture studies have demonstrated that ferritin plays a role in maintenance of iron homoeostasis and in the protection against cytokine- and oxidant-induced stress. To test whether FerH (ferritin H) can regulate tissue iron homoeostasis in vivo, we prepared transgenic mice that conditionally express FerH and EGFP (enhanced green fluorescent protein) from a bicistronic tetracycline-inducible promoter. Two transgenic models were explored. In the first, the FerH and EGFP transgenes were controlled by the tTA(CMV) (Tet-OFF) (where tTA and CMV are tet transactivator protein and cytomegalovirus respectively). In skeletal muscle of mice bearing the FerH/EGFP and tTA(CMV) transgenes, FerH expression was increased 6.0+/-1.1-fold (mean+/-S.D.) compared with controls. In the second model, the FerH/EGFP transgenes were controlled by an optimized Tet-ON transactivator, rtTA2(S)-S2(LAP) (where rtTA is reverse tTA and LAP is liver activator protein), resulting in expression predominantly in the kidney and liver. In mice expressing these transgenes, doxycycline induced FerH in the kidney by 14.2+/-4.8-fold (mean+/-S.D.). Notably, increases in ferritin in overexpressers versus control littermates were accompanied by an elevation of IRP (iron regulatory protein) activity of 2.3+/-0.9-fold (mean+/-S.D.), concurrent with a 4.5+/-2.1-fold (mean+/-S.D.) increase in transferrin receptor, indicating that overexpression of FerH is sufficient to elicit a phenotype of iron depletion. These results demonstrate that FerH not only responds to changes in tissue iron (its classic role), but can actively regulate overall tissue iron balance. PMID:16448386

  9. Small Protein B upregulates sensor kinase bvgS expression in Aeromonas veronii

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu eLiu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Earlier studies reveal that Small Protein B (SmpB, a class of well-conserved tmRNA-binding proteins, is essential for the trans-translation process, which functions as a system for translation surveillance and ribosome rescue. Here, we report a previously unrecognized mechanism by which SmpB alone positively regulates the expression of a sensor kinase, BvgS, in Aeromonas veronii. A reporter plasmid was constructed in which the promoter of bvgS was used to control the expression of the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP gene. When the reporter plasmid was co-transformed with a SmpB expression construct into E. coli, the relative fluorescence intensity increased about 3-fold. Transformation with a truncated form of smpB gene showed that the C-terminus had little effect, while N-terminus unexpectedly increased eGFP production. Next, a series of SmpB mutants were generated by site-directed mutagenesis. When the mutants SmpB (G11S or SmpB (E32AG was used in the experiment, eGFP expression dropped significantly compared with that of wild type SmpB. Further,purified SmpB was shown to bind the promoter regions of bvgS in the agarose gel retardation assay. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed that eGFP transcript levels increased approximately 25-fold in the presence of SmpB. Likewise, bvgS transcripts decreased significantly in smpB knockout A. veronii. Similar to BvgS inhibition, smpB knockout in A. veronii displayed a reduced capability in salt tolerance. Collectively, the data presented here will facilitate a deeper understanding of SmpB-mediated regulatory circuits as a transcriptional factor in A. veronii.

  10. Eukaryotic Expression of Swamp Buffalo Follistatin%沼泽型水牛卵泡抑素基因的真核表达研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓继贤; 杨秀荣; 韦英明; 蒋和生

    2011-01-01

    In this study,follistatin gene was chosen as the candidate gene affecting the reproductive ability in buffalo. Re-combinant plasmid pEGFP-bFS was conducted and expressed in both buffalo fetal fibroblast (BFF) and BHK cells. pMD-bFS and pEGFP-Ni were digested with Xho Ⅰ ,Sac Ⅱ ,then eukaryotic expression vector-pEGFP-bFS was constructed. Buffalo fetal fibroblast and BHK cells were cultured with pEGFP-bFS intermixing LipofectamineTM 2000 in carbon dioxide incubator with 37 ℃ ,5% CO2 ,100% humidity. After 24 h,expression levels of recombinant vector were verified through observing directly under phase contrast fluorescence microscope, RT-PCR and Western blotting. The results indicated that bFST expressed in both buffalo fibroblast and BHK cells. This study was a very significance to produce bioactive bFS engineered plasmid and research effects of bFS on reproductive ability.%试验通过候选基因法,选定卵泡抑素(follistatin,FS)作为影响水牛繁殖性能的主要候选基因,通过基因工程的方法,用Xho Ⅰ、Sac Ⅱ双酶切广西大学动物遗传育种与繁殖实验室克隆的添加有ACC的Kozaka序列的pMD-bFS质粒和pEGFP-N1,构建pEGFP-bFS真核表达质粒,将其与阳离子脂质体混匀后,分别转染体外培养的水牛胎儿成纤维(BFF)细胞和仓鼠肾(BHK)细胞系,经过48 h培养后,在相差荧光显微镜下观察绿色荧光蛋白的表达水平,用RT-PCR和Western blotting方法对转入质粒表达进行定性鉴定.结果显示,本研究成功构建了添加有ACC的Kozaka序列的pEGFP-bFS真核表达质粒,该重组质粒在BFF和HBK两种细胞均表达,但在HBK细胞系的表达量稍高.本研究结果将为下一步制备具有生物活性的bFS工程疫苗,研究bFS对水牛繁殖性能的影响提供参考.

  11. Establishment of IL-7 Expression Reporter Human Cell Lines, and Their Feasibility for High-Throughput Screening of IL-7-Upregulating Chemicals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sim, Chan Kyu; Kim, Inki

    2016-01-01

    Interleukin-7 (IL-7) is a cytokine essential for T cell homeostasis, and is clinically important. However, the regulatory mechanism of IL-7 gene expression is not well known, and a systematic approach to screen chemicals that regulate IL-7 expression has not yet been developed. In this study, we attempted to develop human reporter cell lines using CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing technology. For this purpose, we designed donor DNA that contains an enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) gene, drug selection cassette, and modified homologous arms which are considered to enhance the translation of the eGFP reporter transcript, and also a highly efficient single-guide RNA with a minimal off-target effect to target the IL-7 start codon region. By applying this system, we established IL-7 eGFP reporter cell lines that could report IL-7 gene transcription based on the eGFP protein signal. Furthermore, we utilized the cells to run a pilot screen campaign for IL-7-upregulating chemicals in a high-throughput format, and identified a chemical that can up-regulate IL-7 gene transcription. Collectively, these results suggest that our IL-7 reporter system can be utilized in large-scale chemical library screening to reveal novel IL-7 regulatory pathways and to identify potential drugs for development of new treatments in immunodeficiency disease. PMID:27589392

  12. Establishment of IL-7 Expression Reporter Human Cell Lines, and Their Feasibility for High-Throughput Screening of IL-7-Upregulating Chemicals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Yeon Sook; Kim, Byung Soo; Sim, Chan Kyu; Kim, Inki; Lee, Myeong Sup

    2016-01-01

    Interleukin-7 (IL-7) is a cytokine essential for T cell homeostasis, and is clinically important. However, the regulatory mechanism of IL-7 gene expression is not well known, and a systematic approach to screen chemicals that regulate IL-7 expression has not yet been developed. In this study, we attempted to develop human reporter cell lines using CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing technology. For this purpose, we designed donor DNA that contains an enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) gene, drug selection cassette, and modified homologous arms which are considered to enhance the translation of the eGFP reporter transcript, and also a highly efficient single-guide RNA with a minimal off-target effect to target the IL-7 start codon region. By applying this system, we established IL-7 eGFP reporter cell lines that could report IL-7 gene transcription based on the eGFP protein signal. Furthermore, we utilized the cells to run a pilot screen campaign for IL-7-upregulating chemicals in a high-throughput format, and identified a chemical that can up-regulate IL-7 gene transcription. Collectively, these results suggest that our IL-7 reporter system can be utilized in large-scale chemical library screening to reveal novel IL-7 regulatory pathways and to identify potential drugs for development of new treatments in immunodeficiency disease. PMID:27589392

  13. Efficient generation of human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiac progenitors based on tissue-specific enhanced green fluorescence protein expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szebényi, Kornélia; Péntek, Adrienn; Erdei, Zsuzsa; Várady, György; Orbán, Tamás I; Sarkadi, Balázs; Apáti, Ágota

    2015-01-01

    Cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) are committed to the cardiac lineage but retain their proliferative capacity before becoming quiescent mature cardiomyocytes (CMs). In medical therapy and research, the use of human pluripotent stem cell-derived CPCs would have several advantages compared with mature CMs, as the progenitors show better engraftment into existing heart tissues, and provide unique potential for cardiovascular developmental as well as for pharmacological studies. Here, we demonstrate that the CAG promoter-driven enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) reporter system enables the identification and isolation of embryonic stem cell-derived CPCs. Tracing of CPCs during differentiation confirmed up-regulation of surface markers, previously described to identify cardiac precursors and early CMs. Isolated CPCs express cardiac lineage-specific transcripts, still have proliferating capacity, and can be re-aggregated into embryoid body-like structures (CAG-EGFP(high) rEBs). Expression of troponin T and NKX2.5 mRNA is up-regulated in long-term cultured CAG-EGFP(high) rEBs, in which more than 90% of the cells become Troponin I positive mature CMs. Moreover, about one third of the CAG-EGFP(high) rEBs show spontaneous contractions. The method described here provides a powerful tool to generate expandable cultures of pure human CPCs that can be used for exploring early markers of the cardiac lineage, as well as for drug screening or tissue engineering applications.

  14. Cell-type specific oxytocin gene expression from AAV delivered promoter deletion constructs into the rat supraoptic nucleus in vivo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond L Fields

    Full Text Available The magnocellular neurons (MCNs in the hypothalamus selectively express either oxytocin (OXT or vasopressin (AVP neuropeptide genes, a property that defines their phenotypes. Here we examine the molecular basis of this selectivity in the OXT MCNs by stereotaxic microinjections of adeno-associated virus (AAV vectors that contain various OXT gene promoter deletion constructs using EGFP as the reporter into the rat supraoptic nucleus (SON. Two weeks following injection of the AAVs, immunohistochemical assays of EGFP expression from these constructs were done to determine whether the EGFP reporter co-localizes with either the OXT- or AVP-immunoreactivity in the MCNs. The results show that the key elements in the OT gene promoter that regulate the cell-type specific expression the SON are located -216 to -100 bp upstream of the transcription start site. We hypothesize that within this 116 bp domain a repressor exists that inhibits expression specifically in AVP MCNs, thereby leading to the cell-type specific expression of the OXT gene only in the OXT MCNs.

  15. Construction of recombinant ZNF230/GFP fused plasmids and their expression and cellular localization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu, Wen-Ming; Zhang, Si-Zhong; Qiu, Wei-Min;

    2004-01-01

    cutting, the mutated human and mouse ZNF230(znf230) were inserted into mammalian expression plasmid pEGFP-N1. Thus we constructed the plasmid with fusion gene of ZNF230 and green fluorescent protein(GFP). Then the Cos cell was transfected with the fused gene by liposome. Fluorescence microscopy showed......To use green fluorescent protein as a marker to study the localization of the fusion protein, the mutant full length cDNAs of human ZNF230 and mouse znf230 with their stop codon TGA changed to TGG were obtained by PCR amplification, and then cloned into pGEM-Teasy vector. After the double enzyme...... that green fluorescence protein expressed over the whole cell when transfected with vector pEGFP-N1. While after the transfection with pEGFP-ZNF230, the fluorescence located mainly on the nuclei of the cells. We demonstrated that the transfected Cos cell line can express human ZNF230 and mouse znf230...

  16. Rapid transcriptional pulsing dynamics of high expressing retroviral transgenes in embryonic stem cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mandy Y M Lo

    Full Text Available Single cell imaging studies suggest that transcription is not continuous and occurs as discrete pulses of gene activity. To study mechanisms by which retroviral transgenes can transcribe to high levels, we used the MS2 system to visualize transcriptional dynamics of high expressing proviral integration sites in embryonic stem (ES cells. We established two ES cell lines each bearing a single copy, self-inactivating retroviral vector with a strong ubiquitous human EF1α gene promoter directing expression of mRFP fused to an MS2-stem-loop array. Transfection of MS2-EGFP generated EGFP focal dots bound to the mRFP-MS2 stem loop mRNA. These transcription foci colocalized with the transgene integration site detected by immunoFISH. Live tracking of single cells for 20 minutes detected EGFP focal dots that displayed frequent and rapid fluctuations in transcription over periods as short as 25 seconds. Similarly rapid fluctuations were detected from focal doublet signals that colocalized with replicated proviral integration sites by immunoFISH, consistent with transcriptional pulses from sister chromatids. We concluded that retroviral transgenes experience rapid transcriptional pulses in clonal ES cell lines that exhibit high level expression. These events are directed by a constitutive housekeeping gene promoter and may provide precedence for rapid transcriptional pulsing at endogenous genes in mammalian stem cells.

  17. Anti-tumor effect of a recombinant plasmid expressing human interleukin-12: an initial research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the anti-tumor effect of a recombinant plasmid expressing human interleukin-12 (pEGFP-CIIL- 12) in vivo and in vitro. Methods: We transduct the recombinant gene (pEGFP-CIIL-12) to liver cancer cell HepG2 in vitro, and detect reproductive activity of the cell using MTT and the activity of expressing vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) using semiquantitative PCR. And then, we deliver the gene to rabbit liver tumor tissue intraarterial and combine with chemoembolization to observe the anti- tumor effect to VX2 tumor in vivo. Results: There are no statistical difference compared With control group in activity of reproductive and expressing VEGF in vitro. In vivo, tumor growth rate significantly reduce in gene therapy combined with chemoembolization group. Conclusion: Recombinant gene (pEGFP-ClIL-12) exhibit significant anti-tumor effect in vivo but not in vitro, perhaps the anti-tumor effect is associated with an indirect pathway instead of a direct pathway. (authors)

  18. Construction and Co-expression of Bicistronic Plasmid Encoding Human WEE1 and Stem Cell Factor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ping LEI; Wen-Han LI; Wen-Jun LIAO; Bing YU; Hui-Fen ZHU; Jing-Fang SHAO; Guan-Xin SHEN

    2005-01-01

    To protect the hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from apoptosis induced by chemotherapy and promote HSC proliferation, bi-functional gene delivery systems are increasingly investigated in gene therapy.In the present study, we constructed a bicistronic vector, pWISG, expressing the anti-apoptotic protein human WEE1 (WEE1Hu) and the fusion protein of the proliferation-stimulating stem cell factor (SCF) and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) separately with internal ribosome entry site (IRES). We first examined the expression and location of WEE1Hu in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and showed that WEE1Hu was located in the nucleus, which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. We determined the expression and receptor-binding ability of the SCF-EGFP fusion protein on CD34+ cells,which were proved by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and flow cytometry,respectively. Furthermore, inhibition of cisplatin-induced apoptosis was observed in CD34+ cells transfected with pWISG, which implies that protection for CD34+ cells was achieved via WEE1Hu and SCF-EGFP. Our study suggests that the introduction of two functional genes via bicistronic vector is more powerful and efficient than single gene therapy.

  19. Construction of eukaryotic expression vector with brain-derived neurotrophic factor receptor trkB gene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Tao; JIANG Xiao-dan; XU Zhong; YUAN Jun; DING Lian-shu; ZOU Yu-xi; XU Ru-xiang

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To construct an eukaryotic expression vector carrying rat brain-derived neurotrophic factor receptor trkB gene. Methods: Using the total RNA isolated from rat brain as template, the trkB gene was amplified by reverse-transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with a pair of specific primers which contained the restrictive sites of EcoR I and BamH I. The amplified fragment of trkB gene was digested with EcoR I and BamH I, and then subcloned into cloning vector pMD18-T and expression vector pEGFP-C2 respectively. The recombinant plasmids were identified by restriction endonuclease enzyme analysis and PCR. Results: The amplified DNA fragment was about 1461 bp in length. Enzyme digestion and PCR analysis showed that the gene of trkB had been successfully cloned into vector pMD18-T and pEGFP-C2. Conclusions: The trkB gene of rat has been amplified and cloned into the eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-C2.

  20. Small animal PET imaging of HSV1-tk gene expression with 124IVDU in liver by the hydrodynamic injection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The liver is an important target organ for gene transfer due to its capacity for synthesizing serum protein and its involvement in numerous genetic diseases. High level of foreign gene expression in liver can be achieved by a large-volume and high-speed intravenous injection of naked plasmid DNA (pDNA), so called hydrodynamic injection. This study is aimed to evaluate liver specific-gene expression of herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase(HSV1-tk) by hydrodynamic injection and image HSV1-tk expression using 124IVDU-PET. We constructed herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk)-expressing pDNA (pHSV1-tk) modified from pEGFP-N1. Hydrodynamic injection was performed using 40 μg of plasmid (pEGFP/N1 or pHSV1-tk) in 2 ml of 0.85% saline solution for 20∼22g mice in 5 seconds intravenously. At 1 d post-hydrodynamic injection, biodistribution study was performed at 2 h post-injection of radiolabeled IVDU, fluorescence image was obtained using optical imager and small animal PET image was acquired with 124IVDU at 2 h post-injection. After PET imaging, digital whole body autoradiography (DWBA) was performed. Expression of HSV1-tk and EGFP was confirmed by RT-PCR in each liver tissue. In liver of pHSV1-tk and pEGFP/N1 injection groups, 123IVDU uptake was 5.65%ID/g and 0.98%ID/g, respectively. 123IVDU uptake in liver of pHSV1-tk injection group showed 5.7-fold higher than that of pEGFP/N1 injection group (p124IVDU uptake was selectively localized in liver of pHSV1-tk injection group and also checked in DWBA, but showed minimal uptake in liver of pEGFP/N1 injection mice. Hydrodynamic injection was effective to liver-specific delivery of plasmid DNA. Small animal PET image of 124IVDU could be used in the evaluation of noninvasive reporter gene imaging in liver

  1. A p38 substrate-specific MK2-EGFP translocation assay for identification and validation of new p38 inhibitors in living cells: a comprising alternative for acquisition of cellular p38 inhibition data.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Anton

    Full Text Available The fundamental role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs in inflammation underlines their importance as therapeutic targets for various inflammatory medical conditions, including infectious, vascular, neurobiological and autoimmune disease. Although decades of research have yielded several p38 inhibitors, most clinical trials have failed, due to lack of selectivity and efficacy in vivo. This underlines the continuous need to screen for novel structures and chemotypes of p38 inhibitors. Here we report an optimized MK2-EGFP translocation assay in a semi-automated image based High Content Analysis (HCA system to screen a combinatorial library of 3362 proprietary compounds with extensive variations of chemotypes. By determining the levels of redistribution of MK2-EGFP upon activation of the Rac/p38 pathway in combination with compound treatment, new candidates were identified, which modulate p38 activity in living cells. Based on integrated analysis of TNFα release from human whole blood, biochemical kinase activity assays and JNK3 selectivity testing, we show that this cell based assay reveals a high overlap and predictability for cellular efficacy, selectivity and potency of tested compounds. As a result we disclose a new comprehensive short-list of subtype inhibitors which are functional in the low nanomolar range and might provide the basis for further lead-optimization. In accordance to previous reports, we demonstrate that the MK2-EGFP translocation assay is a suitable primary screening approach for p38-MAPK drug development and provide an attractive labor- and cost saving alternative to other cell based methods including determination of cytokine release from hPBMCs or whole blood.

  2. A p38 Substrate-Specific MK2-EGFP Translocation Assay for Identification and Validation of New p38 Inhibitors in Living Cells: A Comprising Alternative for Acquisition of Cellular p38 Inhibition Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anton, Roman; Bauer, Silke M.; Keck, Peter R. W. E. F.; Laufer, Stefan; Rothbauer, Ulrich

    2014-01-01

    The fundamental role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in inflammation underlines their importance as therapeutic targets for various inflammatory medical conditions, including infectious, vascular, neurobiological and autoimmune disease. Although decades of research have yielded several p38 inhibitors, most clinical trials have failed, due to lack of selectivity and efficacy in vivo. This underlines the continuous need to screen for novel structures and chemotypes of p38 inhibitors. Here we report an optimized MK2-EGFP translocation assay in a semi-automated image based High Content Analysis (HCA) system to screen a combinatorial library of 3362 proprietary compounds with extensive variations of chemotypes. By determining the levels of redistribution of MK2-EGFP upon activation of the Rac/p38 pathway in combination with compound treatment, new candidates were identified, which modulate p38 activity in living cells. Based on integrated analysis of TNFα release from human whole blood, biochemical kinase activity assays and JNK3 selectivity testing, we show that this cell based assay reveals a high overlap and predictability for cellular efficacy, selectivity and potency of tested compounds. As a result we disclose a new comprehensive short-list of subtype inhibitors which are functional in the low nanomolar range and might provide the basis for further lead-optimization. In accordance to previous reports, we demonstrate that the MK2-EGFP translocation assay is a suitable primary screening approach for p38-MAPK drug development and provide an attractive labor- and cost saving alternative to other cell based methods including determination of cytokine release from hPBMCs or whole blood. PMID:24743242

  3. 携带ePNP基因的减毒伤寒沙门菌的构建及目的基因胰腺癌细胞中的表达%Construction of attenuated Salmonella typhimurium containing PNP gene and expression in pancreatic cancer cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林勇; 刘强; 陈卫昌

    2012-01-01

    Objective To develop attenuated Salmonella typhimurium SL3261 harboring recombi-nant expressing vector of pEGFP-Cl-PNP and to detect the expression in pancreatic cancer cells. Methods PNP gene was amplified by PCR cloned into a recombinant eukaryotic expressing plasmid pEGFP-Cl-ePNP and then identified by enzyme digesting,PCR,and sequencing analysis. pEGFP-Cl-PNP vector was electrotransfered to attenuated Salmonella typhimurium SL3261. Then the stability of the morphology and suface antigen of attenuated Salmonella typhimunium containing plasmid were detected. Meanwhile the reconstructed SL3261 was cocultured with BxPc-3 cells to detect their invasion. Fluorescent microscope observasion and RT-PCR was applied to observe GFP and PNP mRNA in the host cells. Results It was proved that PNP gene segments were inserted into pEGFP-Cl correctly and transferred into attenuated Salmonella typhimunium successfully. Conclusion Attenuated Salmonella typhimunium SL3261 containing recombined eukaryotic expressing plasmid pEGFP-Cl-PNP was successfully established and correctly expressed in pancreatic cancer cells.%目的 构建含有pEGFP-C1-PNP质粒的减毒鼠伤寒沙门菌SL3261菌株,检测其在胰腺癌细胞BxPc-3中的表达.方法 PCR扩增得到PNP基因,构建真核表达载体pEGFP-C1-PNP,并进行酶切、PCR和测序鉴定.利用电转化法将重组质粒转入减毒鼠伤寒沙门菌SL3261,进行形态学和表面抗原稳定性检测.含质粒SL3261菌株与BxPc-3细胞体外共培养,利用荧光显微镜观察和RT-PCR检测绿色荧光蛋白的表达和PNP基因的转录.结果 目的基因正确连接pEGFP-C1中,并成功转入减毒鼠伤寒沙门菌,感染细胞亦检测到目的基因的表达.结论 成功构建了能携带ePNP基因真核表达质粒的SL3261菌株,且该基因能在胰腺癌细胞中正确表达.

  4. ZNF217 expression correlates with the biological behavior of human ovarian cancer cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lilin Hang; Min Zhang; Fanliang Meng; Mei Zhong; Jing Li 

    2014-01-01

    Objective:The aim of the study was to investigate the correlation of zinc-finger protein 217 (ZNF217) gene ex-pression with the biological behavior of human ovarian cancer HO-8910 cel s. Methods:The expression of ZNF217 in ovarian carcinoma cel lines was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The biological behaviors of the transfectants were investigated by MTT, in vitro Boyden chamber and in vivo invasion assay, respectively. Results:RT-PCR and Western blotting revealed that transfection of ZNF217 into the HO-8910 cel s significantly increased their proliferation along with mark-edly enhanced in vitro and in vivo invasion and metastatic abilities. MTT assay showed that the proliferation ability of pEGFP-N1-ZNF217/HO-8910 cel s was significantly higher than that of pEGFP-N1/HO-8910 cel s and HO-8910 cel s (P<0.001). The Boyden chamber assay showed that the numbers of migrating pEGFP-N1-ZNF217/HO-8910, pEGFP-N1/HO-8910 and HO-8910 cel s were (141.25 ± 13.91) cel s/200 × field, (82.50 ± 11.73) cel s/200 × field and (81.75 ± 12.12) cel s/200 × field, respectively, with a significant dif erence between them (F=29.274, P<0.001). The nude mouse experiment showed that the in vivo tumor formation ability of pEGFP-N1-ZNF217/HO-8910 cel s was significantly higher than that of pEGFP-N1/HO-8910 cel s (P<0.001). Conclusion:Based on these clinical and laboratory observations, we conclude that ZNF217 may contribute to ovarian cancer invasion and metastasis, and associated with worse clinical outcomes. We evaluated ZNF217’s role as a biomarker of ovarian carcinogenesis and tumor progression in patient samples and explored possible molecular mechanisms in promoting tumor growth and invasion.

  5. Single cell derived murine embryonic stem cell clones stably express Rex1-specific green fluorescent protein and their differentiation study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) often display high rates of apoptosis and spontaneous differentiation in routine culture, thus bring the proliferation of these cells highly inefficient. Moreover, little is known about the factors that are indispensable for sustaining self-renewal. To surmount these issues, we established transgenic mES cell lines expressing the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) under the control of the Rex1 promoter which is a key regulator of pluripotency in ES cells. In addition, we provided a simplified and improved protocol to derive transgenic mESCs from single cell. Finally, we showed that embryoid body (EB) development was faster than adherent differentiation in terms of differentiation ratio by real-time tracking of the EGFP expression. Therefore, these cell lines can be tracked and selected both in vitro and in vivo and should be invaluable for studying the factors that are indispensable for maintaining pluripotency

  6. Spinal neurons that contain gastrin-releasing peptide seldom express Fos or phosphorylate extracellular signal-regulated kinases in response to intradermal chloroquine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Andrew M; Gutierrez-Mecinas, Maria; Polgár, Erika; Todd, Andrew J

    2016-01-01

    Background Gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) is thought to play a role in the itch evoked by intradermal injection of chloroquine. Although some early studies suggested that GRP was expressed in pruriceptive primary afferents, it is now thought that GRP in the spinal cord is derived mainly from a population of excitatory interneurons in lamina II, and it has been suggested that these are involved in the itch pathway. To test this hypothesis, we used the transcription factor Fos and phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) to look for evidence that interneurons expressing GRP were activated following intradermal injection of chloroquine into the calf, in mice that express enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) in these cells. Results Injection of chloroquine resulted in numerous Fos- or phospho-ERK (pERK) positive cells in the somatotopically appropriate part of the superficial dorsal horn. The proportion of all neurons in this region that showed Fos or pERK was 18% and 21%, respectively. However, among the GRP–EGFP, only 7% were Fos-positive and 3% were pERK-positive. As such, GRP–EGFP cells were significantly less likely than other neurons to express Fos or to phosphorylate ERK. Conclusions Both expression of Fos and phosphorylation of ERK can be used to identify dorsal horn neurons activated by chloroquine injection. However, these results do not support the hypothesis that interneurons expressing GRP are critical components in the itch pathway. PMID:27270268

  7. Apical localization of ASIP/PAR-3:EGFP in zebrafish neuroepithelial cells involves the oligomerization domain CR1, the PDZ domains, and the C-terminal portion of the protein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Trotha, Jakob W; Campos-Ortega, José A; Reugels, Alexander M

    2006-04-01

    Neurulation in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos is characterized by oriented cell divisions and the progressive establishment of cellular polarity. Mitoses in the neural plate and neural tube are planar, but in the neural keel/rod stage, the mitotic spindle rotates by 90 degrees, causing cell divisions to occur perpendicular to the plane of the neuroepithelium. The mechanisms and molecules that establish cellular polarity and cause the stereotypic orientation of the mitotic spindle during neurulation are largely unknown. In Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila, the PAR/aPKC complex has been shown to be involved in both establishment of cellular polarity and spindle orientation. Here, we show that the conserved N-terminal oligomerization domain (CR1) and the PDZ domains of ASIP/PAR-3:EGFP are involved in its localization to the apical membrane in zebrafish neuroepithelial cells. We further show that the C-terminal part of ASIP/PAR-3 contributes to proper localization and that the apical localization signals in ASIP/PAR-3 prevent the basolateral localization of a Numb:PAR-3 fusion protein. The parallel orientation of the mitotic spindle in the neural tube, however, is only weakly impaired upon overexpression of various ASIP/PAR-3:EGFP constructs.

  8. Construction of the recombinant vector carrying herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase and cytokine genes expressed in cell line Tca8113

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI Guang-hui; ZOU Jing-zhi; QU Le; YUE Ying; KUAI Jian-ke

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To construct expression vector containing fusion genes of herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase(Hsv-tk), Interleukin-2(IL-2) with internal ribosome entry sites(IRES), and to assess their expression in cell lineTca8113. Methods: IL-2 cDNA was obtained by reverse transcription. Hsv-tk, IL-2 and IRES genes were amplified by PCR. The purified amplification products were inserted into pGEM-T-Easy, and transformed into E. coli JM109. The purified recombinant plasmids were identified by restriction endonucleases. The recombinant plasmids were digested and pEGFPN3 were linearized, DNA fragments of Hsv-tk, IRES and IL-2 were ligated into linearized pEGFP-N3, and then transferred into E. coli JM109. The recombinant tk-IL-2 genes were cloned separately and introduced into the expression vector pEGFPN3 containing GFP. The recombinant vectors were identified by their restriction sites through PCR. The plasmids pEGFP-TI was also transfected into Tca8113 cells by calcium phosphate method for the expression of fusion proteins. Fusion genes expressing vector PL(TI)SN was generated by the fusion of HSV-tk, IRES and IL-2 with the use of DNA recombination technology. The recombinant retroviruses were transferred into Tca8113 cells by lipofectamine. The positive clones were obtained after G418 selection and named Tca/TI respectively. Results: The pEGFP-TI pasmid was identified respectively by restriction endonucleases, and their fragment sizes were 1 120 bp and 450 bp. The pEGFP-TI pasmid as templates were amplified respectively by PCR, and their PCR products were 1 120 bp and 450 bp. The pEGFP-TI vectors were used to transfect Tca8113 cell, and the cells with fluorescence accounted for 60 % of the total amount. Conclusion: pFGFP- tk- IRES- IL-2 expressing vector is easy to assess the expression of tk-IRES-IL-2-GFP fusion protein localization in transfected cells. The successful construction of expressing vector containing fusion genes of Hsv-tk, IRES and IL-2 may be

  9. Construction of human Gax gene eukaryotic expression vector and its expression in vascular smooth muscle cells%人Gax基因真核表达载体的构建及在血管平滑肌细胞中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑辉; 薛松; 连锋; 汪永义

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To construct human Gax eukaryotic expression vector of pEGFP-N1-Gax, and observe its expression in the rabbit vascular smooth muscle calls (VSMCs). METHODS: human Gax cDNA was obtained by polymerase chain reaction(PCR) from pCMV-SPORT6-Gax plasmid. After digested with Nhe l and Xho l, the PCR product was cloned into eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1 of green fluorescent protein(GFP) reported gene encoding green fluorescence protein, and then the recombinant plasmid pEGFP-N1-Gax was transfected into rabbit VSMCs using Sofast after it was identified by restriction enzyme digestion analysis and gene sequencing. Human Gax expression in rabbit VSMCs was detected by examining GFP expression of transfected cells under fluorescence microscope and RT-PCR. RESULTS: Agarose gel electrophoresis detection showed that human Gax DNA segment was about 915 bp, which accorded with the expectation. The restriction enzyme digestion analysis and DNA sequencing assays of recombinant vector pEGFP-N1-Gax showed the correct orientation and sequence. The expression of GFP in rabbit VSMCs transfected with pEGFP-N1-Gax was observed by fluorescence microscopy, and the expression of human Gax mRNA was confirmed by RT-PCR. CONCLUSION; The recombinant plasmid pEGFP-N1-Gax is successfully constructed, and expressed positively in rabbit VSMCs, it provide experimental basis to study the effects of Gax gene on cardiovascular disease.%目的:构建人Gax基因真核表达载体,并观察在兔血管平滑肌细胞中的表达.方法:通过PCR从pCMV-SPORT6-Gax质粒中扩增出人Gax cDNA片段,经双酶切后装入到有绿色荧光蛋白报告基因的真核表达载体pEGFP-N1中,经限制性内切酶酶切分析和DNA测序鉴定后通过梭华-Sofast转染试剂介导重组质粒转染至兔血管平滑肌细胞中进行表达.通过荧光显微镜观察转染细胞的绿色荧光蛋白表达和RT-PCR扩增转染细胞的cDNA来鉴定Gax在兔血管平滑肌细胞中的表达.结果:琼

  10. Development of a Canine Adenovirus Type 1 Vaccine Strain E3-deleted Based Expression Vector%犬腺病毒1型疫苗株E3缺失表达载体的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎皓; 唐七义; 张云; 王树蕙; 郭彩云

    2001-01-01

    Objective To evaluate canine adenovirus type 1 vaccine strain (Cannaught Laboratory Limited,CLL) as recombinant vaccine and gene transfer vector. Methods Recombinant virus CLLEGFP which contains enhanced green fluorescent protein(EGFP) reporter gene was constructed. CLLEGFP was used to infect various human derived cell lines (293, Hela, CO, SW, Hep-2 and CAM) by inoculating intraperitoneally(IP), intravenously(IV)and intramuscularly (IM)to Kunming mice other than oral administration. Various tissue samples of the mice were collected at multitime point for observing EGFP green fluorescence. Anti-EGFP antibodies were detected by Western blot analysis in the sera after 4 weeks. Results CLLEGFP can infect various human derived cell lines and express EGFP. EGFP green fluorescence were observed in liver tissue cells after IP transducing 3 days. All immune inoculation ways above could induce Kunming mice producing anti-EGFP antibodies which were identified by Western blot analysis. Conclusions These resluts indicate that CLL possess powerful potential as recombinant vaccine and gene transfer vector.%探索以犬腺病毒1型疫苗株(Cannaught Laboratory Limited.CLL)作为病毒重组疫苗和基因转移载体的可行性。方法构建带增强型绿色荧光蛋白(enhanced green fluorescent protein,EGFP)报告基因的E3缺失重组病毒CLLEGFP。将CLLEGFP感染各种人源细胞,并以灌胃、腹腔注射、尾静脉注射和肌肉注射等不同途径接种昆明小鼠。多时间点取小鼠组织标本,冷冻干燥切片,观察EGFP的表达。4周后采集小鼠血清,以Western blot分析抗EGFP 抗体的产生。结果 CLLEGFP能够感染各种人源细胞并表达EGFP。在腹腔接种CLLEGFP 3 d的小鼠肝组织细胞中可见转导的EGFP。Western blot分析显示,以各种途径免疫接种重组病毒4周后的小鼠血清中均存在抗EGFP特异抗体。结论 CLL具有开发成为病毒重组疫苗和基因转移载体的潜力。

  11. Imaging of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Thymidine Kinase Gene Expression with Radiolabeled 5-(2-iodovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (IVDU) in Liver by Hydrodynamic-based Procedure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydrodynamic-based procedure is a simple and effective gene delivery method to lead a high gene expression in liver tissue. Non-invasive imaging reporter gene system has been used widely with herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk) and its various substrates. In the present study, we investigated to image the expression of HSV1-tk gene with 5-(2-iodovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (IVDU) in mouse liver by the hydrodynamicbased procedure. HSV1-tk or enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) encoded plasmid DNA was transferred into the mouse liver by hydrodynamic injection. At 24 h post-injection, RT-PCR, biodistribution, fluorescence imaging, nuclear imaging and digital wholebody autoradiography (DWBA) were performed to confirm transferred gene expression. In RT-PCR assay using mRNA from the mouse liver, specific bands of HSV1-tk and EGFP gene were observed in HSV1-tk and EGFP expressing plasmid injected mouse, respectively. Higher uptake of radiolabeled IVDU was exhibited in liver of HSV1-tk gene transferred mouse by biodistribution study. In fluorescence imaging, the liver showed specific fluorescence signal in EGFP gene transferred mouse. Gamma-camera image and DWBA results showed that radiolabeled IVDU was accumulated in the liver of HSV1-tk gene transferred mouse. In this study, hydrodynamic-based procedure was effective in liver-specific gene delivery and it could be quantified with molecular imaging methods. Therefore, co-expression of HSV1-tk reporter gene and target gene by hydrodynamic-based procedure is expected to be a useful method for the evaluation of the target gene expression level with radiolabeled IVDU

  12. 脂肪组织特异性表达载体的构建%Construction of Adipose Tissue - specific Expression Vector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华晓敏; 许登高; 潘庆杰

    2012-01-01

    采用PCR技术克隆了小鼠脂肪组织特异表达的脂肪酸结合蛋白ap2基因增强子和启动子,通过DNA重组技术将该基因增强子和启动子重组于pEGFP - N1真核表达载体上,构建pEGFP - N1 - ap2重组质粒,通过PCR扩增、酶切电泳分析和测序的方法对重组质粒进行鉴定,并转染小鼠前脂肪细胞,通过荧光素酶活性检测特异性表达强度.结果表明,本实验克隆的ap2基因增强子和启动子的碱基组成与GenBank中的ap2基因序列完全一致,通过DNA重组技术将该基因增强子和启动子重组于pEGFP- N1真核表达载体上,成功构建了脂肪组织特异表达的重组质粒.为以后的转基因动物的研究奠定了基础.%The mouse adipose tissue -specific fatty acid binding protein ap2 gene enhancer /promoter was amplified by PCR amplification, and it was recombined into pEGFP - Nl eukaryotic expression vector by recombinant DNA technology, to obtain pEGFP - Nl - ap2 recombinant plasmid, which was identified by PCR amplification, enzyme digestion and DNA sequencing and infected with mouse pre - adipocytes, and its expression was detected by the fluorescence detection of the enzyme activity specific expression strength. The results showed that, cloned gene enhancer and promoter is consistent with the ap2 gene sequences in GenBank. The enhancer / promoter was recombined into pEGFP - Nl eukaryotic expression vector by recombinant DNA technology. The construction of the adipose tissue - specific expression vector was successfully constructed, which can provide a necessary basis for further study.

  13. Localization of DIR1 at the tissue, cellular and subcellular levels during Systemic Acquired Resistance in Arabidopsis using DIR1:GUS and DIR1:EGFP reporters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thilmony Roger

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Systemic Acquired Resistance (SAR is an induced resistance response to pathogens, characterized by the translocation of a long-distance signal from induced leaves to distant tissues to prime them for increased resistance to future infection. DEFECTIVE in INDUCED RESISTANCE 1 (DIR1 has been hypothesized to chaperone a small signaling molecule to distant tissues during SAR in Arabidopsis. Results DIR1 promoter:DIR1-GUS/dir1-1 lines were constructed to examine DIR1 expression. DIR1 is expressed in seedlings, flowers and ubiquitously in untreated or mock-inoculated mature leaf cells, including phloem sieve elements and companion cells. Inoculation of leaves with SAR-inducing avirulent or virulent Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato (Pst resulted in Type III Secretion System-dependent suppression of DIR1 expression in leaf cells. Transient expression of fluorescent fusion proteins in tobacco and intercellular washing fluid experiments indicated that DIR1's ER signal sequence targets it for secretion to the cell wall. However, DIR1 expressed without a signal sequence rescued the dir1-1 SAR defect, suggesting that a cytosolic pool of DIR1 is important for the SAR response. Conclusions Although expression of DIR1 decreases during SAR induction, the protein localizes to all living cell types of the vasculature, including companion cells and sieve elements, and therefore DIR1 is well situated to participate in long-distance signaling during SAR.

  14. Simultaneous detection of both GDNF and GFRα1 expression patterns in the mouse central nervous system

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    Clara Ortega-de San Luis

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF is proposed as a therapeutic tool in Parkinson’s disease, addiction-related disorders, and neurodegenerative conditions affecting motor neurons. Despite the high amount of work about GDNF therapeutic application, the neuronal circuits requiring GDNF trophic support in the brain and spinal cord are poorly characterized. Here, we defined GDNF and GDNF family receptor-α 1 (GFRα1 expression pattern in the brain and spinal cord of newborn and adult mice. We performed systematic and simultaneous detection of EGFP and LacZ expressing alleles in reporter mice and asked whether modifications of this signaling pathway lead to a significant central nervous system (CNS alteration. GFRα1 was predominantly expressed by neurons but also by an unexpected population of non-neuronal cells. GFRα1 expression pattern was wider in neonatal than in adult CNS and GDNF expression was restricted in comparison with GFRα1 at both developmental time points. The use of confocal microscopy to imaging X-gal deposits and EGFP allowed us to identify regions containing cells that expressed both proteins and to discriminate between auto and non-autotrophic signaling. We also suggested long-range GDNF-GFRα1 circuits taking advantage of the ability of the EGFP genetically encoded reporter to label long distance projecting axons. The complete elimination of either the ligand or the receptor during development did not produce major abnormalities, suggesting a preponderant role for GDNF signaling during adulthood. In the spinal cord, our results pointed to local modulatory interneurons as the main target of GDNF produced by Clarke’s column cells. Our work increases the understanding on how GDNF signals in the CNS and establish a crucial framework for posterior studies addressing either the biological role of GDNF or the optimization of trophic factor-based therapies.

  15. Visualizing late insect embryogenesis: extraembryonic and mesodermal enhancer trap expression in the beetle Tribolium castaneum.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Koelzer

    Full Text Available The beetle Tribolium castaneum has increasingly become a powerful model for comparative research on insect development. One recent resource is a collection of piggyBac transposon-based enhancer trap lines. Here, we provide a detailed analysis of three selected lines and demonstrate their value for investigations in the second half of embryogenesis, which has thus far lagged behind research on early stages. Two lines, G12424 and KT650, show enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP expression throughout the extraembryonic serosal tissue and in a few discrete embryonic domains. Intriguingly, both lines show for the first time a degree of regionalization within the mature serosa. However, their expression profiles illuminate distinct aspects of serosal biology: G12424 tracks the tissue's rapid maturation while KT650 expression likely reflects ongoing physiological processes. The third line, G04609, is stably expressed in mesodermal domains, including segmental muscles and the heart. Genomic mapping followed by in situ hybridization for genes near to the G04609 insertion site suggests that the transposon has trapped enhancer information for the Tribolium orthologue of midline (Tc-mid. Altogether, our analyses provide the first live imaging, long-term characterizations of enhancer traps from this collection. We show that EGFP expression is readily detected, including in heterozygote crosses that permit the simultaneous visualization of multiple tissue types. The tissue specificity provides live, endogenous marker gene expression at key developmental stages that are inaccessible for whole mount staining. Furthermore, the nonlocalized EGFP in these lines illuminates both the nucleus and cytoplasm, providing cellular resolution for morphogenesis research on processes such as dorsal closure and heart formation. In future work, identification of regulatory regions driving these enhancer traps will deepen our understanding of late developmental control

  16. Visualizing late insect embryogenesis: extraembryonic and mesodermal enhancer trap expression in the beetle Tribolium castaneum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koelzer, Stefan; Kölsch, Yvonne; Panfilio, Kristen A

    2014-01-01

    The beetle Tribolium castaneum has increasingly become a powerful model for comparative research on insect development. One recent resource is a collection of piggyBac transposon-based enhancer trap lines. Here, we provide a detailed analysis of three selected lines and demonstrate their value for investigations in the second half of embryogenesis, which has thus far lagged behind research on early stages. Two lines, G12424 and KT650, show enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) expression throughout the extraembryonic serosal tissue and in a few discrete embryonic domains. Intriguingly, both lines show for the first time a degree of regionalization within the mature serosa. However, their expression profiles illuminate distinct aspects of serosal biology: G12424 tracks the tissue's rapid maturation while KT650 expression likely reflects ongoing physiological processes. The third line, G04609, is stably expressed in mesodermal domains, including segmental muscles and the heart. Genomic mapping followed by in situ hybridization for genes near to the G04609 insertion site suggests that the transposon has trapped enhancer information for the Tribolium orthologue of midline (Tc-mid). Altogether, our analyses provide the first live imaging, long-term characterizations of enhancer traps from this collection. We show that EGFP expression is readily detected, including in heterozygote crosses that permit the simultaneous visualization of multiple tissue types. The tissue specificity provides live, endogenous marker gene expression at key developmental stages that are inaccessible for whole mount staining. Furthermore, the nonlocalized EGFP in these lines illuminates both the nucleus and cytoplasm, providing cellular resolution for morphogenesis research on processes such as dorsal closure and heart formation. In future work, identification of regulatory regions driving these enhancer traps will deepen our understanding of late developmental control, including in the

  17. Hepatitis B virus X gene induces human telomerase reverse transcriptase Mrna expression in cultured normal human cholangiocytes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sheng-Quan Zou; Zhen-Liang Qu; Zhan-Fei Li; Xin Wang

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To study the transcriptional regulation of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) mRNA in normal human cholangiocytes (HBECs) after hepatitis B virus X (HBx)gene transfection and to elucidate the possible mechanism of HBV infection underlying cholangiocarcinoma.METHODS: HBECs were cultured in vitro and co-transfected with a eukaryotic expression vector containing the HBx coding region and a cloning vector containing coding sequences of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) using lipidmediated gene transfer. The transfection efficiency was determined by the expression of EGFP. The expressions of hTERT mRNA and HBx protein in HBECs were detected by RT-PCR and immunocytochemical stain,respectively.RESULTS: The transfection efficiencies were about 15% for both HBx gene expression plasmid and empty vector.No hTERT mRNA was expressed in HBECs when transfected with OPTI-MEM medium and empty vector, but a dramatic increase was observed for hTERT mRNA expression in HBECs when transfected with HBx expression vector. HBx protein was only expressed in HBECs when transfected with HBx expression vector.CONCLUSION: HBx transfection can activate the transcriptional expression of hTERT mRNA. Cis-activation of hTERT mRNA by HBx gene is the primary mechanism underlying the proliferation, differentiation and tumorigenesis of biliary epithelia.

  18. Antigen Binding and Site-Directed Labeling of Biosilica-Immobilized Fusion Proteins Expressed in Diatoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ford, Nicole R.; Hecht, Karen A.; Hu, Dehong; Orr, Galya; Xiong, Yijia; Squier, Thomas; Rorrer, Gregory L.; Roesijadi, Guritno

    2016-01-08

    The diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana was genetically modified to express biosilica-targeted fusion proteins incorporating a tetracysteine tag for site-directed labeling with biarsenical affinity probes and either EGFP or single chain antibody to test colocalization of probes with the EGFP-tagged recombinant protein or binding of biosilica-immobilized antibodies to large and small molecule antigens, respectively. Site-directed labeling with the biarsenical probes demonstrated colocalization with EGFP-encoded proteins in nascent and mature biosilica, supporting their use in studying biosilica maturation. Isolated biosilica transformed with a single chain antibody against either the Bacillus anthracis surface layer protein EA1 or small molecule explosive trinitrotoluene (TNT) effectively bound the respective antigens. A marked increase in fluorescence lifetime of the TNT surrogate Alexa Fluor 555-trinitrobenzene reflected the high binding specificity of the transformed isolated biosilica. These results demonstrated the potential use of biosilica-immobilized single chain antibodies as binders for large and small molecule antigens in sensing and therapeutics.

  19. Zebrafish fed on recombinant Artemia expressing epinecidin-1 exhibit increased survival and altered expression of immunomodulatory genes upon Vibrio vulnificus infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jheng, Yu-Hsuan; Lee, Lin-Han; Ting, Chen-Hung; Pan, Chieh-Yu; Hui, Cho-Fat; Chen, Jyh-Yih

    2015-01-01

    Artemia has been used extensively in aquaculture as fodder for larval fish, shrimp, and shellfish. Epinecidin-1, an antimicrobial peptide, was isolated from grouper (Epinephelus coioides) in 2005. Epinecidin-1 has been previously reported to possess antimicrobial activity against several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial species, including Staphylococcus coagulase, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Vibrio vulnificus. In this study, we used electroporation to introduce plasmid DNA encoding a green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-epinecidin-1 fusion protein under the control of the cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter into decapsulated Artemia cysts. Optimization of various properties (including cyst weight (0.2 g), plasmid concentration (50 μg/100 μl), and pulse voltage (150 V), length (10 ms), and number (2)) resulted in a hatching rate of 41.15%, a transfection efficiency of 49.81%, and a fluorescence intensity (A.U.) of 47.46. The expression of EGFP-epinecidin-1 was first detected by quantitative RT-PCR at 120 h post-electroporation, and protein was identified by Western blot at the same time. Furthermore, the EGFP-epinecidin-1 protein inhibited V. vulnificus (204) growth, as demonstrated by zone of inhibition studies. Zebrafish fed on transgenic Artemia expressing CMV-gfp-epi combined with commercial fodder were more resistant to infection by V. vulnificus (204): survival rate was enhanced by over 70% at 7, 14, and 21 days post-infection, and bacterial numbers in the liver and intestine were reduced. In addition, feeding of transgenic Artemia to zebrafish affected the immunomodulatory response to V. vulnificus (204) infection; expression of immune-responsive genes, including hepcidin and defbl2, was altered, as shown by qPCR. These findings suggest that feeding transgenic Artemia expressing CMV-gfp-epi to larval fish has antimicrobial effects, without the drawbacks of introducing drug residues or inducing bacterial drug resistance.

  20. Tissue-specific and neural activity-regulated expression of human BDNF gene in BAC transgenic mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palm Kaia

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF is a small secreted protein that has important roles in the developing and adult nervous system. Altered expression or changes in the regulation of the BDNF gene have been implicated in a variety of human nervous system disorders. Although regulation of the rodent BDNF gene has been extensively investigated, in vivo studies regarding the human BDNF gene are largely limited to postmortem analysis. Bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC transgenic mice harboring the human BDNF gene and its regulatory flanking sequences constitute a useful tool for studying human BDNF gene regulation and for identification of therapeutic compounds modulating BDNF expression. Results In this study we have generated and analyzed BAC transgenic mice carrying 168 kb of the human BDNF locus modified such that BDNF coding sequence was replaced with the sequence of a fusion protein consisting of N-terminal BDNF and the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP. The human BDNF-BAC construct containing all BDNF 5' exons preceded by different promoters recapitulated the expression of endogenous BDNF mRNA in the brain and several non-neural tissues of transgenic mice. All different 5' exon-specific BDNF-EGFP alternative transcripts were expressed from the transgenic human BDNF-BAC construct, resembling the expression of endogenous BDNF. Furthermore, BDNF-EGFP mRNA was induced upon treatment with kainic acid in a promotor-specific manner, similarly to that of the endogenous mouse BDNF mRNA. Conclusion Genomic region covering 67 kb of human BDNF gene, 84 kb of upstream and 17 kb of downstream sequences is sufficient to drive tissue-specific and kainic acid-induced expression of the reporter gene in transgenic mice. The pattern of expression of the transgene is highly similar to BDNF gene expression in mouse and human. This is the first study to show that human BDNF gene is regulated by neural activity.

  1. Establishment of Stable High Expression Cell Line with Green Fluorescent Protein and Resistance Genes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Shengtao; LIU Wenli; HE Peigen; GONG Feili; YANG Dongliang

    2006-01-01

    In order to establish stable high expression cell lines, the eukaryotic expression vector pIRES2EGFP and recombinant plasmid pIRES2EGFP-TIM-3 were transfected into mammalian cells CHO by Lipofectamine. The transfected cells were cultivated under selective growth medium including G418 and green fluorescent protein (GFP) positive cells were sorted by FACS. Simultaneously, growing transfectants were selected only by G418 in the medium. The GFP expression in stably transfected cells was detected by FACS. Under selective growth conditions with G418, the percentage of GFP positive cells was reduced rapidly and GFP induction was low. In contrast, the percentages of GFP positive cells were increased gradually after FACS. By 3 rounds of GFP selection, the stable high expression cell lines were established. Furthermore, using FACS analysis GFP and the target protein TIM-3 co-expression in the stable transfectants cultured in nonselective medium was detected. Theses results demonstrated that the stably transfected cell lines that express high titer of recombinant protein can be simply and fleetly obtained by using GFP and selective growth medium.

  2. Ang2基因RNA干扰慢病毒表达载体的构建与鉴定%Construction and Identification of RNAi Lentiviral Expression Vector for Ang2 Gene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彪; 张炜强; 单秀英; 刘照亮; 郭国祥; 庄福连

    2011-01-01

    Objective To construct and identify the RNAi lentiviral expression vector for angiopoietin ( Ang )2 gene, and identify its validity. Methods pSilenser 1.0-U6 - Ang2-siRNA reccombinant plasmid to ploymorphonuclear neutrophilic leukocyte-effective green fluorescence protein( pNL-EGFP )vector, which were digested and electorphoresis identified by using enzyme Xha Ⅰ , were joined to get pNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2 -siRNA lentiviral transfer plamid , then the PNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2-siRNA lentiviral transfer plasmid , vesicular stomatitis virus G-protein envelope plasmid and pHelper packaging plasmid were cotransfected into 293T cells , resulting in lentivirus. The virus supernatant were collected and the viral titer was determined.Results The lentiviral transfer plasmids of pNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2 -siRNA were constructed successfully and identified by using enzyme digestion electrophoresis of Xba Ⅰ and sequencing analysis,proved the correctness of the inserted Ang2-siRNA nudeotide sequence. EGFP-Ang2-siRNA virus were produced hy using the three plasmid lentiviral packaging system. The virus supernatant was collected and viral titers measured for the 9 ×103/μL. Conclusion The RNAi lentiviral expression vectors for Ang2 gene were constructed successfully ,and would be useful for the further research of the next research of interfering the Ang2 expression in malignant melanoma in vivo and vitro.%目的 构建促血管生成素(Ang)2基因的RNAi慢病毒表达载体,并鉴定其正确性.方法 将经XbaⅠ酶切电泳鉴定的pSilencer 1.0-U6-Ang2-siRNA重组质粒与经XbaⅠ酶切电泳鉴定的嗜中性多形核白细胞-绿色荧光蛋白转移质粒(pNL-EGFP)载体连接,产生pNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2-siRNA慢病毒转移质粒,再以pNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2-siRNA慢病毒转移质粒、水疱性口炎病毒G蛋白包膜质粒和包装质粒三质粒共转染293T细胞产生慢病毒,收集病毒上清液并测定病毒滴度.结果 成功构建pNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2-siRNA慢病毒转移质粒2条,通

  3. Imaging of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Thymidine Kinase Gene Expression with Radiolabeled 5-(2-iodovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (IVDU) in Liver by Hydrodynamic-based Procedure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, In Ho; Lee, Tae Sup; Kang, Joo Hyun; Lee, Yong Jin; Kim, Kwang Il; An, Gwang Il; Chung, Wee Sup; Cheon, Gi Jeong; Choi, Chang Woon; Lim, Sang Moo [Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-10-15

    Hydrodynamic-based procedure is a simple and effective gene delivery method to lead a high gene expression in liver tissue. Non-invasive imaging reporter gene system has been used widely with herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk) and its various substrates. In the present study, we investigated to image the expression of HSV1-tk gene with 5-(2-iodovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (IVDU) in mouse liver by the hydrodynamicbased procedure. HSV1-tk or enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) encoded plasmid DNA was transferred into the mouse liver by hydrodynamic injection. At 24 h post-injection, RT-PCR, biodistribution, fluorescence imaging, nuclear imaging and digital wholebody autoradiography (DWBA) were performed to confirm transferred gene expression. In RT-PCR assay using mRNA from the mouse liver, specific bands of HSV1-tk and EGFP gene were observed in HSV1-tk and EGFP expressing plasmid injected mouse, respectively. Higher uptake of radiolabeled IVDU was exhibited in liver of HSV1-tk gene transferred mouse by biodistribution study. In fluorescence imaging, the liver showed specific fluorescence signal in EGFP gene transferred mouse. Gamma-camera image and DWBA results showed that radiolabeled IVDU was accumulated in the liver of HSV1-tk gene transferred mouse. In this study, hydrodynamic-based procedure was effective in liver-specific gene delivery and it could be quantified with molecular imaging methods. Therefore, co-expression of HSV1-tk reporter gene and target gene by hydrodynamic-based procedure is expected to be a useful method for the evaluation of the target gene expression level with radiolabeled IVDU.

  4. Regeneration of alveolar type I and II cells from Scgb1a1-expressing cells following severe pulmonary damage induced by bleomycin and influenza.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dahai Zheng

    Full Text Available The lung comprises an extensive surface of epithelia constantly exposed to environmental insults. Maintaining the integrity of the alveolar epithelia is critical for lung function and gaseous exchange. However, following severe pulmonary damage, what progenitor cells give rise to alveolar type I and II cells during the regeneration of alveolar epithelia has not been fully determined. In this study, we have investigated this issue by using transgenic mice in which Scgb1a1-expressing cells and their progeny can be genetically labeled with EGFP. We show that following severe alveolar damage induced either by bleomycin or by infection with influenza virus, the majority of the newly generated alveolar type II cells in the damaged parenchyma were labeled with EGFP. A large proportion of EGFP-expressing type I cells were also observed among the type II cells. These findings strongly suggest that Scgb1a1-expressing cells, most likely Clara cells, are a major cell type that gives rise to alveolar type I and II cells during the regeneration of alveolar epithelia in response to severe pulmonary damage in mice.

  5. Construction and detection of expression vectors of microRNA-9a in BmN cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yong HUANG; Quan ZOU; Sheng-peng WANG; Shun-ming TANG; Guo-zheng ZHANG; Xing-jia SHEN

    2011-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small endogenous RNAs molecules,approximately 21-23 nucleotides in length,which regulate gene expression by base-pairing with 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) of target mRNAs.However,the functions of only a few miRNAs in organisms are known.Recently,the expression vector of artificial miRNA has become a promising tool for gene function studies.Here,a method for easy and rapid construction of eukaryotic miRNA expression vector was described.The cytoplasmic actin 3 (A3) promoter and flanked sequences of miRNA-9a (miR-9a)precursor were amplified from genomic DNA of the silkworm (Bombyx mori) and was inserted into pCDNA3.0 vector to construct a recombinant plasmid.The enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene was used as reporter gene.The Bombyx mori N (BmN) cells were transfected with recombinant miR-9a expression plasmid and were harvested 48 h post transfection.Total RNAs of BmN cells transfected with recombinant vectors were extracted and the expression of miR-9a was evaluated by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Northern blot.Tests showed that the recombinant miR-9a vector was successfully constructed and the expression of miR-9a with EGFP was detected.=miRNA-9a (miR-9a),EGFP gene,Bombyx mori N (BmN) Cells,Expression vector

  6. Egr-1 promoter regulating effect on granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) gene expression induced by doxorubicin and ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the regulating effects of Egr-1 promoter activated by ionizing radiation (IR) and doxorubicin (ADM) on the expression of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) genes. Methods: The human GM-CSF cDNA and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) cDNA were linked together with IRES(internal ribosome entry site) and then inserted into the expression vector pCIneo under control of the Egr-1 promoter(Egr-EG). The vector was transferred into human bone marrow stromal cell line HFCL by liposome transfection. And the cells were exposure to ADM and IR. The activity of EGFP in HFCL/EG cells were detected by FACS. The effect of N-acetylcysteine on the expression of EGFP following exposure to ADM and IR was examined. The amounts of GM-CSF in HFCL/EG after chemotherapy or radiation were measured with ELISA. The effects of GM-CSF in HFCL/EG cultural supernatants on expansion of CFU-GM derived from cord blood were also studied. RT-PCR analysis for the expression of GM-CSF mRNA in HFCL/EG after exposure to ADM or IR. Results: The percentage of EGFP+ HFCL/EG cells exposed to ADM and IR was increased compared with non-treatment group (1.2 % and 15.2 % vs 18.2 %, t = 5.11, P < 0.01). The levels of secreted GM-CSF in HFCL/EG cells exposed to ADM and IR was increased (P < 0.01), but no difference between ADM group and IR group (P 0.05). The expression of EGFP by HFCL/EG treated with ADM and IR was significantly decreased by N-acetylcysteine. The effects of GM-CSF in HFCL/EG cultural supernatants on expansion of CFU-GM in ADM group and IR group were significantly higher than that in HFCL group and non-treatment group. However, The CFU-GM count of IR group was higher than that of ADM group. The expression of GM-CSF mRNA in HFCL/EG cells exposed to ADM and IR was significantly increased(t = 4.37, P < 0.01). Conclusions: GM-CSF gene expression regulated by Egr-1 promoter induced by ADM and IR could help the recovery from hematopoietic injury

  7. Fluorescent reporter signals, EGFP and DsRed, encoded in HIV-1 facilitate the detection of productively infected cells and cell-associated viral replication levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazutaka eTerahara

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Flow cytometric analysis is a reliable and convenient method for investigating molecules at the single cell level. Previously, recombinant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1 strains were constructed that express a fluorescent reporter, either enhanced green fluorescent protein or DsRed, which allow the monitoring of HIV-1-infected cells by flow cytometry. The present study further investigated the potential of these recombinant viruses in terms of whether the HIV-1 fluorescent reporters would be helpful in evaluating viral replication based on fluorescence intensity. When primary CD4+ T cells were infected with recombinant viruses, the fluorescent reporter intensity measured by flow cytometry was associated with the level of CD4 downmodulation and Gag p24 expression in infected cells. Interestingly, some HIV-1-infected cells, in which CD4 was only moderately downmodulated, were reporter-positive but Gag p24-negative. Furthermore, when the activation status of primary CD4+ T cells was modulated by T cell receptor-mediated stimulation, we confirmed the preferential viral production upon strong stimulation and showed that the intensity of the fluorescent reporter within a proportion of HIV-1-infected cells was correlated with the viral replication level. These findings indicate that a fluorescent reporter encoded within HIV-1 is useful for the sensitive detection of productively-infected cells at different stages of infection and for evaluating cell-associated viral replication at the single cell level.

  8. The immune response induced by DNA vaccine expressing nfa1 gene against Naegleria fowleri.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jong-Hyun; Lee, Sang-Hee; Sohn, Hae-Jin; Lee, Jinyoung; Chwae, Yong-Joon; Park, Sun; Kim, Kyongmin; Shin, Ho-Joon

    2012-12-01

    The pathogenic free-living amoeba, Naegleria fowleri, causes fatal primary amoebic meningoencephalitis in experimental animals and in humans. The nfa1 gene that was cloned from N. fowleri is located on pseudopodia, especially amoebic food cups and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of N. fowleri. In this study, we constructed and characterized retroviral vector and lentiviral vector systems for nfa1 DNA vaccination in mice. We constructed the retroviral vector (pQCXIN) and the lentiviral vector (pCDH) cloned with the egfp-nfa1 gene. The expression of nfa1 gene in Chinese hamster ovary cell and human primary nasal epithelial cell transfected with the pQCXIN/egfp-nfa1 vector or pCDH/egfp-nfa1 vector was observed by fluorescent microscopy and Western blotting analysis. Our viral vector systems effectively delivered the nfa1 gene to the target cells and expressed the Nfa1 protein within the target cells. To evaluate immune responses of nfa1-vaccinated mice, BALB/c mice were intranasally vaccinated with viral particles of each retro- or lentiviral vector expressing nfa1 gene. DNA vaccination using viral vectors expressing nfa1 significantly stimulated the production of Nfa1-specific IgG subclass, as well as IgG levels. In particular, both levels of IgG2a (Th1) and IgG1 (Th2) were significantly increased in mice vaccinated with viral vectors. These results show the nfa1-vaccination induce efficiently Th1 type, as well as Th2 type immune responses. This is the first report to construct viral vector systems and to evaluate immune responses as DNA vaccination in N. fowleri infection. Furthermore, these results suggest that nfal vaccination may be an effective method for treatment of N. fowleri infection.

  9. Construction of recombinant adenoviral vector co-expressing interleukin-7 and enhanced green fluorescent protein%IL-7和EGFP双基因共表达重组腺病毒载体的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁昌; 余长林; 李建军; 胡锴勋

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To construct the adenoviral vector co - expressing interleukin - 7( IL -7 ) and enhanced green fluorescent protein( EGFP),to lay a experimental foundation for further study on the infection into stem cell. Methods: The target gene IL -7 was cloned into the shuttle plasmid expressed the report gene EGFP. Then the re-combinant shuttle plasmid was transformed into Dh5a bacteria to recombine with backbone vector pAdxsi. Next,the plasmid pAd - EGFP - mIL7 was amplified in H293 cells and purifired, then the viral titer was determined. Results: The recombinanted shuttle plasmid pShuttle - EGFP - mIL7 digested with restriction endonucleases was confirmed by two products which length were respectively about 0. 5kb and 5. 1kb; the recombinanted plasmid pAdxsi - EGFP -mIL7 digested with restriction endonucleases was confirmed by seven products which length were respectively about 14K,11.8K,3. Lkb,2.66kb,2.47K,1.45K and 0.6K; recombinant adenoviral amplifired with titer of 2×l010pfu/ ml. Conclusion: The recombinant adenoviral vector pAdxsi - EGFP - mIL7 was successfully constructed.%目的:构建白细胞介素7(IL-7)和增强型绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)共表达的重组腺病毒载体,为进一步感染干细胞奠定基础.方法:将目的基因IL-7克隆到含有报告基因EGFP的穿梭质粒中,然后再将构建的重组穿梭质粒转移至pAdxsi载体中,构建重组腺病毒载体质粒,继而在H293细胞中扩增,纯化后测定病毒滴度.结果:pShuttle-EGFP-mIL7重组穿梭质粒经酶切鉴定得到0.5kb和5.1kb 2条带;pAdxsi-EGFP-mIL7重组腺病毒载体质粒经酶切鉴定得到14K、11.8K、3.1kb、2.66kb、2.47K、1.45K、0.6K 7条带;TCID50法测定纯化后的病毒滴度为2×1010pfu/ml.结论:pAdxsi-EGFP-mIL7重组腺病毒载体构建成功.

  10. The improvement of liposome-mediated transfection of pEGFP DNA into human prostate cancer cells by combining low-frequency and low-energy ultrasound with microbubbles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Wen-Kun; Wu, Zuo-Hui; Shen, E; Zhang, Ji-Zhen; Hu, Bing

    2012-02-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the use of a contrast agent to study the effects of exposure to ultrasound, in combination with microbubbles, on liposome-mediated transfection of genes into human prostate cancer cells. A contrast agent was used to study the effects of ultrasound exposure in combination with microbubbles on liposomes, which transfect genes into human prostate cancer cells. The human prostate cancer cell line PC-3 in suspension was exposed to ultrasound with a 20% duty cycle (i.e., 2 sec 'on' time and 8 sec 'off' time) lasting 5 min, with and without ultrasound contrast agent (SonoVue™) using a digital sonifier at a frequency of 21 kHz and an intensity of 4.6 mW/cm2. Immediately after exposure to ultrasound, cell viability and membrane damage were measured. After exposure to ultrasound, the cell suspensions were put into 12‑well plates and cultured for 24 h. Fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry were used to detect pEGFP transfection efficiency. Exposure to ultrasound alone and ultrasound combined with microbubbles resulted in minimal cell death and induced negligible cell membrane damage. Ultrasound combined with microbubbles had a greater effect on cell membrane damage in all groups: the average cell membrane damage was 41.87%, and it was approximately 42‑fold greater than in the control group. The average transfection efficiency of PC-3 cells was 20.30% for the liposome (Lipofectamine™)+pEGFP+ultrasound+ultrasound contrast agent (SonoVue) group; this was the highest rate of all groups measured and was approximately 81‑fold greater than that of the control group. The use of low-frequency and low-energy ultrasound, in combination with microbubbles, could be a potent physical method for increasing liposome gene delivery efficiency. This technique is a promising non-viral approach that can be used in prostate cancer gene therapy.

  11. Antitumor effect of COOH-terminal polypeptide of human TERT is associated with the declined expression of hTERT and NF-κB p65 in HeLa cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xian; Chen, Jiasheng; Cao, Ying; Xie, Baoping; Li, Hongwei; Zhou, Pingzheng; Qiu, Yuchang; Pang, Jianxin

    2015-12-01

    Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) plays an important role in the development of tumors and has been investigated as a potent target for anticancer therapy. In the present study, we constructed a recombinant adenovirus, Ad-EGFP-C197 which was capable of expressing COOH‑terminal polypeptide of hTERT (amino acid 936-1,132, termed as C197 for the reason that it contains 197 amino acids). Infection of HeLa cells with Ad-EGFP-C197 suppressed the activity of telomerase, decreased the expression of hTERT and NF-κB p65, and induced rapid growth delay and apoptosis of HeLa cells in vitro. In nude mice xenografted with HeLa tumors, injection of Ad-EGFP-C197 into the tumor nodule significantly slowed tumor growth and promoted tumor cell apoptosis, as well as reduced the expression of NF-κB p65 in tumor tissues. In the present study, we suggest that the antitumor effect of C197 is associated with the declined expression of hTERT and NF-κB p65. Our results highlight the potential of C197 in tumor therapy.

  12. Expression liver-directed genes by employing synthetic transcriptional control units

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marie-Luise Lemken; Wolfgang A. Wybranietz; Ulrike Schmidt; Florian Graepler; Sorin Armeanu; Michael Bitzer; Ulrich M. Lauer

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To generate and characterize the synthetic transcriptional control units for transcriptional targeting of the liver,thereby compensating for the lack of specificity of currently available gene therapeutic vector systems.METHODS: Synthetic transcriptional control unit constructs were generated and analyzed for transcriptional activities in different cell types by FACS quantification, semi-quantitative RT-PCR, and Western blotting. RESULTS: A new bifunctionally-enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)/neor fusion gene cassette was generated,and could flexibly be used both for transcript quantification and for selection of stable cell clones. Then, numerous synthetic transcriptional control units consisting of a minimal promoter linked to "naturally" derived composite enhancer elements from liver-specific expressed genes or binding sites of liver-specific transcription factors were inserted upstream of this reporter cassette. Following liposome-mediated transfection, EGFP reporter protein quantification by FACS analysis identified constructs encoding multimerized composite elements of the apolipoprotein B100 (ApoB) promoter or the ornithin transcarbamoylase (OTC) enhancer to exhibit maximum transcriptional activities in liver originating cell lines, but only background levels in non-liver originating cell lines. In contrast, constructs encoding only singular binding sites of liver-specific transcription factors, namely hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)1, HNF3, HNF4, HNF5, or CAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) only achieved background levels of EGFP expression. Finally, both semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting analysis of Hep3B cells demonstrated maximum transcriptional activities for a multimeric 4xApoB cassette construct, which fully complied with the data obtained by initial FACS analysis.CONCLUSION: Synthetic transcriptional control unit constructs not only exhibit a superb degree of structural compactness, but also provide new means for liver

  13. 电穿孔介导的pIRES-hVEGF165-EGFP转染对牵引成骨过程中早期血管生成的影响%Effect of electroporation mediated transfecting recombinant plasmid pIRES-hVEGF165-EGFP on angiogene-sis of distraction area during early mandibular distraction osteogenesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴国平; 黎德平; 何小川; 李盛华; 杨智慧; 廖毅; 郭力

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨电穿孔介导的基因治疗对下领骨牵引成骨过程中早期血管生成的影响.方法 32只新西兰大白兔随机分为4组:质粒+电穿孔组(A组),质粒组(B组),生理盐水+电穿孔组(C组),空白对照组(D组).各组动物分别于注射后1、3、7、14 d处死,取牵引区组织进行组织学检查、电镜观察、CD34免疫组织化学染色及微血管密度检测.结果 A、B组血管内皮细胞呈增殖活跃状态;C、D组多数血管内皮细胞部分呈现退变及凋亡早期改变.免疫组化染色发现,转染后第1天血管壁内皮细胞浆CD34表达较弱;第3、7、14天,牵引区肉芽组织血管内皮细胞均出现CD34阳性表达.A组CD34阳性表达较B组强,A、B组的CD34表达持续阳性且呈上升趋势;C、D组表达最弱,CD34阳性表达维持在第1天水平上平稳波动.结论 电穿孔介导的pIRES-hVEGF165-EGFP重组质粒体内转染能够促进牵引区早期微血管的生成,使局部血管增生、渗入,增加骨断端的血流量.对调节和促进骨的生长和修复过程具有重要作用.%Objective To explore the effect of electroporation mediated gene therapy on angiogene-sis of the distraction area during early mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO). Methods Thirty-two New-Zeland rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups: group A: recombinant plasmid pIRES-VEGF165-EGFP and electroporation; group B: recombinant plasmid pIRES-VEGF165-EGFP; group C: normal saline (NS) and electroporation and group D: control group. The rabbits were sacrificed at 1d, 3d, 7d and 14d after injection, respectively. The distraction area tissue was removed for histological examination and electron microscopy, and immunohistochemical stain for CD34 was performed to detect the microvessel density. Results Generation of vascular endothelial cells (VEC) in the group A and group B were active, and majority of VEC in groups C and D took on early change of cataplasia and apoptosis. The

  14. Heterologous Expression of Rat Testis GABAA Receptor β3t Splicing Variant in CHO Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi-feng LI; Yu-guang CHEN; Yuan-chang YAN; Yi-ping LI

    2004-01-01

    Objective To characterize a possible retention function of unique sequence in the 5'end of rat testis GABAA receptor β3t splicing variantMethods Rat testis GABAA receptor β3t splicing variant cDNA was cloned and two eukaryotic expression recombinant plasmids of pEGFP-N1 and pEGFP-C1 were constructed respectively by fusing green fluorescent protein to the N or C-terminus of β3t isoform. The recombinant plasmids were transfected into CHO cells by calcium phosphate co-precipitation method. Fluorescence microscope and laser confocal microscope were used to analyze localization of β3t in the transfected cells. ConA-Texas-Red was used to label cell ER and the localization of rat testis β3t splicing variant in CHO cells was determined.Results When rat testis β3t splicing variant was expressed in CHO cells, two expression patterns were delineated, the distributions of uniform and mainly discrete intracellular compartments respectively. The chimera product failed to be translocated into the cell surface when expressed in CHO cells; whereas the β3 subunit of rat brain was incorporated into the plasma membrane.Conclusion The inability of β3t to target into the ER may be a consequence of the unique 25 specific amino acid segments in the N terminus.

  15. Pattern of CXCR7 Gene Expression in Mouse Brain Under Normal and Inflammatory Conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banisadr, Ghazal; Podojil, Joseph R; Miller, Stephen D; Miller, Richard J

    2016-03-01

    The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXCL12 acting via its G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) CXCR4 has been implicated in neurogenesis, neuromodulation, brain inflammation, HIV-1 encephalopathy and tumor growth. CXCR7 was identified as an alternate receptor for SDF-1/CXCL12. Characterization of CXCR7-deficient mice demonstrated a role for CXCR7 in fetal endothelial biology, cardiac development, and B-cell localization. Despite its ligand binding properties, CXCR7 does not seem to signal like a conventional GPCR. It has been suggested that CXCR7 may not function alone but in combination with CXCR4. Here, we investigated the regional localization of CXCR7 receptors in adult mouse brain using CXCR7-EGFP transgenic mice. We found that the receptors were expressed in various brain regions including olfactory bulb, cerebral cortex, hippocampus, subventricular zone (SVZ), hypothalamus and cerebellum. Extensive CXCR7 expression was associated with cerebral blood vessels. Using cell type specific markers, CXCR7 expression was found in neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocyte progenitors. GAD-expressing neurons exhibited CXCR7 expression in the hippocampus. Expression of CXCR7 in the dentate gyrus included cells that expressed nestin, GFAP and cells that appeared to be immature granule cells. In mice with Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis (EAE), CXCR7 was expressed by migrating oligodendrocyte progenitors in the SVZ. We then compared the distribution of SDF-1/CXCL12 and CXCR7 using bitransgenic mice expressing both CXCR7-EGFP and SDF-1-mRFP. Enhanced expression of SDF-1/CXCL12 and CXCR7 was observed in the corpus callosum, SVZ and cerebellum. Overall, the expression of CXCR7 in normal and pathological nervous system suggests CXCR4-independent functions of SDF-1/CXCL12 mediated through its interaction with CXCR7. PMID:25997895

  16. Effects of XPD and PPARγ on Proliferation of Human Hepatoma G2 Cells and Expression of ERG%XPD和PPARγ对HepG2增殖及ERG表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何月; 罗文; 张吉翔

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨人着色性干皮病基因D(xeroderma pigmentosum group D,XPD)和PPARγ对HepG2增殖及ERG表达的影响.方法 用脂质体转染法瞬时转染重组质粒pEGFP-N2/XPD和空载质粒pEGFP-N2入HepG2细胞中,转染后给予10 μmol/L的GW9662(PPARγ抑制剂)孵育48 h.实验分为6组:空白对照组、脂质体组、pEGFP-N2组、pEGFP-N2/XPD组、pEGFP-N2/XPD + GW9662组及GW9662组.用RT-PCR和Western印迹检测XPD、PPARγ和ERG表达的变化;MTT法观察细胞增殖活力;流式细胞仪检测细胞凋亡.结果 RT-PCR和Western印迹检测示:重组质粒pEGFP-N2/XPD的转染使得XPD表达增高(P均 <0.001);XPD表达增高使得ERG表达降低,同时使得PPARγ表达增高,GW9662能抑制XPD这一作用.MTT结果显示:XPD表达增高抑制了细胞增殖活力,GW9662能抑制XPD降低细胞活力的作用(P 均<0.001).流式细胞仪结果显示:pEGFP-N2/XPD组较未转染组的HepG2细胞凋亡指数明显增加,GW9662能抑制XPD这一作用(P均 <0.001).结论 XPD可通过PPARγ途径抑制肝癌细胞增殖和促进凋亡的; XPD是通过PPARγ途径下调ERG的表达.%Objective To investigate the effects of xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD) on the proliferation of human hepatoma G2 cells ( HepG2) and the expression of ERG. Methods The HepG2 cells was transfected with pEGFP-N2/XPD and pEGFP-N2 (the vacant vector plasmid) by Lipofectamine 2000, and they were incubated with 10 μmol/L GW9662 (a PPARγ inhibitor) for 48 h. Six groups were set up in the study, including blank control group, Lipofectamine group, pEGFP-N2 group, pEGFP-N2/XPD group, pEGFP-N2/XPD + GW9662 group and GW9662 group. By using RT-PCR and Western blotting, the expression levels of XPD, ERG, PPARγ and cdk7 were detected. The apoptosis rate was measured by flow cytometry, and the cell viability detected by MTT. Results The mRNA and protein expression levels of XPD were remarkably increased after pEGFP-N2/XPD transfection (P <0. 001) . Over-expression of XPD up

  17. Development and application of hepatitis C reporter viruses with genotype 1 to 7 core-nonstructural protein 2 (NS2) expressing fluorescent proteins or luciferase in modified JFH1 NS5A

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottwein, Judith M; Jensen, Tanja B; Mathiesen, Christian K;

    2011-01-01

    to 2a(J6) tagged with EGFP, DsRed-Express2, mCherry, or Renilla luciferase (RLuc), yielding peak supernatant infectivity titers of 4 to 5 log(10) focus-forming units (FFU)/ml. 2a(J6) with ¿40 or ¿25 was fully viable in Huh7.5 cells. In human liver chimeric mice, 2a(J6)-EGFP¿40 acquired various...

  18. 肝片吸虫GST真核表达载体构建及重组蛋白活性分析%Construction on eukaryotic expression plasmid of Fasciola hepatica GST gene and analysis on recombinant protein

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉旭华; 闻晓波; 王春仁; 刘娣; 孙中武; 李晓娟; 王密

    2011-01-01

    目的 构建肝片吸虫谷胱甘肽S-转移酶(GST)的真核表达载体,研究重组蛋白的免疫原性.方法 以构建好的重组质粒pET30a-FhGST为模板,利用PCR技术扩增肝片吸虫谷胱甘肽S-转移酶基因(GST),连接真核表达载体pEGFP-N1,构建重组质粒pEGFP-GST,转染Hela细胞,荧光显微镜下观察绿色荧光,Western blotting检测重组蛋白表达情况.结果 重组质粒pEGFP-GST在Hela细胞中获得了表达,Western blotting结果表明真核表达质粒表达的重组蛋白能与自然感染肝片吸虫的山羊阳性血清发生特异性反应.结论 肝片吸虫GST真核表达载体构建成功,真核表达产物可与自然感染的山羊阳性血清发生特异性反应,具有生物学活性,可做为分子疫苗的候选进行进一步的研究.%In this research, we constructed eukaryotic expression plasmid of Fasciola hepatica GST gene and analyzed the immunogenicity of recombinant protein. The glutathione S-transferase (GST) gene of F. hepatica played the importanty protective role against the worms infection. In this research,GST was amplified by PCR from the pET30a-FhGST, and then inserted into pEGFP-Nl vector to construct recombinant plasmids pEGFP-GST. The recombinant plasmid pEGFP-GST was transfected into Hela cells and fluorescent signal was detected by fluorescence microscope. Western blotting analysis was done to analysze immunogenicity of recombinant protein. And the results demonstrated that eukaryotic expression plasmid of Fasciola hepatica GST gene was constructed successfully. Recombinant protein could be specifically recognized by goat serum infected by Fasciola hepatica, which proving its immunoreactivity. It's suggested that the eukaryotic expression plasmid might be used as gene vaccine in further research.

  19. Expression of the nfa1 gene cloned from pathogenic Naegleria fowleri in nonpathogenic N. gruberi enhances cytotoxicity against CHO target cells in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Seok-Ryoul; Lee, Sang-Chul; Song, Kyoung-Ju; Park, Sun; Kim, Kyongmin; Kwon, Myung-Hee; Im, Kyung-Il; Shin, Ho-Joon

    2005-07-01

    The pathogenic amoeba Naegleria fowleri has a 360-bp nfa1 gene that encodes the Nfa1 protein (13.1 kDa), which is located in the pseudopodia of the amoeba, and an anti-Nfa1 antibody reduces N. fowleri-induced mammalian-cell cytotoxicity in vitro. In contrast, an anti-Nfa1 antibody cannot detect Nfa1 protein expression in the nonpathogenic amoeba Naegleria gruberi, which also possesses the nfa1 gene. In the present study, the nfa1 gene cloned from pathogenic N. fowleri was transfected into nonpathogenic N. gruberi to determine whether it was related to pathogenicity. The nfa1 gene was initially inserted into a eukaryotic transfection vector, pEGFP-C2, containing a cytomegalovirus promoter and the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene, and was designed as pEGFP-C2/nfa1UTR (nfa1UTR contains 5' upstream regions, the nfa1 open reading frame, and 3' downstream regions). After transfection, the green fluorescence was observed in the cytoplasm of N. gruberi trophozoites. These transfectants were preserved for more than 9 months after selection. The transfected nfa1 gene was observed by PCR using nfa1- and vector-specific primers in the genomic DNA of N. gruberi transfected with the pEGFP-C2/nfa1UTR vector. In addition, the nfa1 and GFP genes were identified by reverse transcription-PCR in transgenic N. gruberi. The Nfa1 protein expressed in transgenic N. gruberi was identified as a 13.1-kDa band by Western blotting using an anti-Nfa1 antibody. Finally, N. gruberi transfected with the pEGFP-C2/nfa1UTR vector was found to have enhanced cytotoxicity against CHO cells compared with naïve N. gruberi.

  20. Construction and identification of recombination expression vector Ksp-Cadherin-Gpx1-Klk1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解立怡; 薛武军; 项和立; 麻孙凯

    2008-01-01

    Objective To construct and identify the Gpx1-Klk1 vector which contains kidney-specific promoter (Ksp-cadherin). Methods Through PCR amplification, the human Gpx1, Klk1, and Ksp-cadherin cDNA were obtained by taking Gpx1 cDNA, Klk1 cDNA, and Ksp-cadherin BAC as templates. After being testified, the PCR products were inserted into the expressive vector pIRES-EGFP step-by-step to produce a recombinant vector Ksp-cadherin-Gpx1-Klk1. This vector was examined by restriction enzyme digestion and sequence analysis...

  1. Eukaryotic expression and biological activity analysis of neuroprotective peptide [Gly14]-Humanin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expression of neuroprotective peptide [Gly14]-Humanin (HNG) in eukaryotic cells by gene engineering technique and analyze its biological activity. Methods By means of asymmetrical primer/template,double stranded cDNA of HNG with FLAG in its C-terminal was obtained,which was cloned into the plasmid pcDNA3.1(-),and the resultant recombinant vector pcDNA3.1(-)/HNG-FLAG was transfected into PC12 cells. At the same time,the recombinant vector pcDNA3.1(-)/EGFP was transfected to contr...

  2. hLMO3基因真核表达载体的构建及蛋白的表达和定位%Construction of eucaryotic plasmid of human LMO3 Gene and the expression and localization of fusion protein

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾卉; 佟宇鑫; 刘彤; 李妍; 李丹妮; 袁正伟

    2011-01-01

    Objective To construct the expression plasmid of human LIM domain only 3 (hLMO3) gene and identify the expression and localization of its fusion protein in human HEK293 cells. Methods The hLMO3 coding sequence was amplified by polymerase chain reaction by using cDNA library derived from human fetal brain as the template and subcloned into pEGFP vector. After the target region was identified by enzyme digestion and sequencing, the plasmid was transfected into HEK293 cells. The expression of the recombinant plasmid in HEK293 cells was detected by Western blot. The localization of pEGFP-LMO3 in HEK293 cells was observed with laser scanning confocal microscopy. Results hLMO3 was constructed into the expressing vector pEGFP successfully, the length of the fragment identified by restriction enzyme digestion was 440bp. The expression of pEGFP-LMO3 fusion protein with a molecular weight of 42 kDa was detected by Western blot in human HEK293 cells. The pEGFP-LMO3 fusion protein was mostly localized in the nucleus of HEK293 cells. Conclusion The recombinant plasmid of hLMO3 gene was successfully cloned into eukaryotic expressing vector, and the pEGFP-LMO3 fusion protein was mostly localized in the nucleus of HEK293 cells.%目的 构建hLMO3真核表达载体并证实融合蛋白在细胞内的表达及定位.方法 以人胎脑文库cDNA为模板,PCR扩增hLMO3基因cDNA全长,亚克隆至pEGFP表达载体中.将构建的重组质粒进行酶切测序鉴定,并转染到人上皮细胞HEK293细胞中,提取细胞蛋白进行Western blot检测.利用激光扫描共聚焦显微镜观察pEGFP-hLMO3在HEK293细胞内的定位.结果 hLMO3基因cDNA全长克隆到了真核表达载体pEGFP中,酶切鉴定片段为440 bp;Western blot检测到融合蛋白在HEK293细胞表达,分子量约为42kDa,pEGFP-LMO3在人HEK293细胞中主要定位于细胞核内.结论 成功构建了hLMO3基因cDNA全长的真核表达载体,pEGFP-LMO3蛋白在HEK293细胞中主要定位于细胞核内.

  3. c-Jun氨基末端激酶1反义真核表达载体及其蛋白缺陷细胞株的构建与鉴定%Construction and identification of antisense c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 eukaryotic fluorescent expressing plasmids and JNK1+ human embryo lung fibroblasts cell line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐辉; 何晓庆; 陈瑞; 尹仕伟; 彭雷; 王国强; 李爱萍; 周建伟; 刘起展

    2008-01-01

    目的 构建反义JNK1荧光真核细胞表达载体,建立JNK1蛋白缺陷人胚肺成纤维细胞(HELF)株.方法 用Trizol试剂抽提HELF细胞中总RNA,以反转录PCR扩增JNK1目的 片断,双酶切,纯化PCR产物后,反向插入pEGFP-C1绿色荧光质粒,构建反义pEGFP-C1-asJNK1真核表达载体;大量抽提质粒并转染至HELF细胞中.24 h后使用G418筛选,挑选单克隆细胞扩大培养,经荧光显微成像和蛋白免疫印迹鉴定.结果 pEGFP-C1-asJNK1表达载体DNA测序结果与预期目的 片断序列一致,且JNK1蛋白表达水平明显抑制.结论 反义pEGFP-C1-asJNK1真核表达载体构建成功,JNK1蛋白质缺陷HELF细胞株成功建立.%Objective To construct antisense c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1) eukaryotic fluorescent expressing vector and JNK1+ human embryo lung fibroblasts cell line. Methods Trizol reagent was used to extract total RNA in HELF. The proper primers of JNK1 were chosen and synthesized. RT-PCR and gene recombinant techniques were used to construct the fragment of JNK1. After purification, the PCR products were cut, and JNK1 were inserted reversely into eukaryotic fluorescent expressing vector pEGFP-C1. Enzyme-cutting and DNA auto-sequencing were used to prove the successful construction of JNK1 eukaryotic expressing vector. Then plasmids were extracted and transfected into HELF cells and screen by G418 24 h later. Monoclone was chosen and cultured. Fluorescent imaging and Western blot were used to identify the JNK+HELF cell line. Results Sequence analysis of pEGFP-C1-as JNK1 plasmids was same as expected. The expression level of JNK1 was inhibited markedly. Conclusion Construction of antisensc JNK1 eukaryotic fluorescent expressing vectors and JNK + HELF cell line is successful.

  4. Expression of human carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 6 and alveolar progenitor cells in normal and injured lungs of transgenic mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shin-E; Barrette, Anne Marie; Chapin, Cheryl; Gonzales, Linda W; Gonzalez, Robert F; Dobbs, Leland G; Ballard, Philip L

    2015-12-01

    Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 6 (CEACAM6) is expressed in the epithelium of various primate tissues, including lung airway and alveoli. In human lung, CEACAM6 is developmentally and hormonally regulated, protects surfactant function, has anti-apoptotic activity and is dysregulated in cancers. We hypothesized that alveolar CEACAM6 expression increases in lung injury and promotes cell proliferation during repair. Studies were performed in CEABAC transgenic mice-containing human CEACAM genes. The level of CEACAM6 in adult CEABAC lung was comparable to that in human infants; expression occurred in epithelium of airways and of some alveoli but rarely co-localized with markers of type I or type II cells. Ten days after bleomycin instillation, both the number of CEACAM6(+) cells and immunostaining intensity were elevated in injured lung areas, and there was increased co-localization with type I and II cell markers. To specifically address type II cells, we crossed CEABAC mice with animals expressing EGFP driven by the SP-C promoter. After bleomycin injury, partially flattened, elongated epithelial cells were observed that expressed type I cell markers and were primarily either EGFP(+) or CEACAM6(+). In cell cycle studies, mitosis was greater in CEACAM6(+) non-type II cells versus CEACAM6(+)/EGFP(+) cells. CEACAM6 epithelial expression was also increased after hyperoxic exposure and LPS instillation, suggesting a generalized response to acute lung injuries. We conclude that CEACAM6 expression is comparable in human lung and the CEABAC mouse. CEACAM6 in this model appears to be a marker of a progenitor cell population that contributes to alveolar epithelial cell replenishment after lung injury. PMID:26702074

  5. Anti-sense RNA Inhibits the Expression of Synaptotagmin Ⅱ in RBL-2H3 and Enhances the Exocytosis of Lysosomes in RBL-2H3

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The expression of synaptotagmin Ⅱ (Syt2) in RBL-2H3 (RBL) and its role during exocytosis of RBL was investigated. The expression of Syt2 in RBL was detected by western blot and Syt2 gene was amplified by PCR. The anti-sense full length Syt2 cDNA expression vector was constructed with pEGFP-N1 and transfected into RBL by electroporation, and stable transfectants were selected by using G418. To analyze the role of Syt2 during exocytosis of RBL, the release of cathepsin D was assayed by immunoblotting. The results showed that Syt2 was expressed in RBL.The anti-sense expression vector pEGFP-N1-Syt2-AS was constructed and the sequence of insertion was completely consistent with rat Syt2 (accession number in GeneBank: NM012665). The stable transfectants (RBL-Syt2-AS) were obtained. Western blot showed that RBL-Syt2-AS expressed a lower level of Syt2 (8 % and 10 % of control cells), indicating that the expression of Syt2 in RBLSyt2-AS was markedly down-regulated by anti-RNA. Compared with control, the release of cathepsin D by RBL-Syt2-AS was increased. It was concluded that Syt2 expressed in RBL and could inhibit exocytosis of lysosomes in RBL.

  6. 转增强型绿色荧光蛋白的脐血干细胞制备嵌合体小鼠的研究%The chimeric mice derived from umbilical cord blood stem cells of EGFP-transgenic mouse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段彪; 杜海燕; 张荣

    2013-01-01

    Objective The chimeric mice were prepared by microinjection of blastocyst cavity using umbilical cord blood stem cells(UCBSCs) of Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein(EGFP)-transgenic mouse, which was expected to provide a theoretical and experimental basis for the study of in-vivo differentiation of adult stem cells. Methods Mouse UCBSCs expressing green fluorescence was microinjected into blastocyst cavity and several blastocysts were transferred into uterus of pseudo pregnant mouse. First of all, new-born candidate chimeric mouse were observed through feather color. Secondly, the genomic DNA and total RNA were extracted to analyze chimeric rate in several tissues. Finally, flow cytometry was used to detect percentage of green fluorescent cells mice in several tissues. Results The UCBSCs expressing green fluorescent protein were successfully isolated. After flow cytometry analysis, the proportion of cells expressing green fluorescence was 80.25%. Through microinjection and embryo transfer, we got five white new-born mice and no chimeric feather color was observed. The analyses of PCR and RT-PCR were carried out to detect EGFP gene using six tissues including, heart muscle, liver, lung, skin, leg muscle and adipose tissue. The results showed that the leg muscle and adipose tissue of two mice were positive and the other tissues and six tissues of the other 3 mice were all negative. The leg muscle and adipose tissue of two positive mice were digested into single-cells suspension and were carried out flow cytometry analysis. The Results showed that the average chimeric rates of leg muscle and adipose tissue of two positive mice were 9.87% and 5.78%, respectively. Conclusion The results demonstrated that adult UCBSCs could differentiate into leg muscle and adipose tissue in vivo.%目的:本研究通过囊胚腔显微注射转增强型绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)基因的脐血干细胞的方法制备嵌合体小鼠,以期为研究成体干细胞的体内分化提

  7. TLR4 signaling induced TLR2 expression in the process of mimic cerebral ischemia/reperfusion in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Both TLR4 and TLR2 participated in the mediation of the inflammatory injury in the process of partial cerebral ischemia/reperfusion.However,it still remains unclear whether a crosstalk exists between TLR2 and TLR4 in ischemic cerebral damage.In the present study,we investigated the effect of TLR4 signaling on TLR2 expression during mimic cerebral I/R in vitro.BV-2 cells were cultured and treated with ischemia/reperfusion,then transfected with the plasmid pEGFP-H1/TLR4-siRNA,the plasmid pEGFP-H1/control sequence-siRNA and the blank plasmid,respectively.Interestingly,the expression of TLR2 and TLR4 mRNA and protein,NF-κB p65 mRNA and supernatant TNF-α level were significantly higher in ischemia/reperfusion treated cells than those lack of ischemia/reperfusion treatment,and as compared with those in ischemia/reperfusion treated cells without transfection,no significant differences about the above mentioned gene and protein expression were found in the blank plasmid tranfected cells and the plasmid pEGFP-H1/control sequence-siRNA transfected cells respectively,while the expression levels in the plasmid pEGFP-H1/TLR4-siRNA transfected cells were significantly lower.Additionally,in order to determine the effects of pyrrolidinediethyldithiocarbamate (PDTC),an NF-κB inhibitor,on the TLR4-induced TLR2 expression in BV-2 cells treated with ischemia/reperfusion,it was found that TLR4 and TLR2 mRNA expressions in PDTC pretreated cells were significantly lower in comparison with normal saline pretreated cells and non-pretreated cells.The data suggested that TLR2 activation,signaled by TLR4 and regulated by NF-κB,might be directly involved play an important role in ischemia/reperfusion induced brain damage.

  8. Experimental study on efficacy of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell modified by plasmid plRESneo-EGFP-BDNF in treatment of rats with Parkinson's disease%移植脑源性神经生长因子修饰骨髓间充质干细胞对帕金森病大鼠模型治疗作用的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵钢勇; 张平; 赵慧新; 代瑞廷; 张本恕

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To investigate efficacy of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) modified by plasmid pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF in treatment of rats with Parkinson's disease(PD). Methods:pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF plasmid was established by reconstructing pEGFP(N1)-BDNF plasmid and bone marrow MSCs was transfected by electroproation. PD rat models were set up by 6-OHDA and then divided into four groups randonly:sham group,PD group,MSCs group and brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF) group. Rotating behaviors of rats were induced by intraperitoneal injection of Apomorphine at 2,4,8 weeks after bone marrow MSCs transplantation or MSCs modification of plasmid pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF through cerebral lateral ventricle. BDNF protein and tyrosine hydroxylase(TH) protein in mesencephalic nigra were measured by Western blot. Results:Plasmids pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF were constructed successfully,which was identified by double digestion. Rotation numbers were significantly decreased in MSCs group and BDNF group than in PD group at 2,4,8 weeks after the transplantation(P<0.05),with more evident improvement in BDNF group than in MSCs group(P<0.05). Levels of BDNF protein and TH protein in nigra at 8 weeks after PD model being intervened by cell transplantation were increased significantly in BDNF group than in MSCs group and PD group. Conclusions:Transplantation of pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF modified MSCs through cerebral lateral ventricle can improve PD rats' behavior and increase BDNF and TH protein levels.%目的:观察移植pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF修饰骨髓间充质干细胞(mesenchymal stem cells,MSCs)对帕金森病(Parkinson's disease,PD)大鼠的研究.方法:将pEGFP (N1)-BDNF质粒进行改造与pIRESneo相连结,构建高拷贝质粒pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF,采用电穿孔法转染骨髓MSCs;制备PD大鼠模型,随机分为假手术组、PD组、MSCs组、脑源性神经生长因子(brain-derived neurotrophic factor,BDNF)组,经侧脑室移植MSCs或pIRESneo-EGFP-BDNF修饰骨髓MSCs术后2、4、8周,腹

  9. Construction and Identification of α-MHC Promoter-driven CREG Eukaryotic Expressive Plasmid%心肌α肌球蛋白重链启动子驱动的CREG蛋白表达载体的构建及鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栾波; 李杰; 段岩; 张娜; 霍煜; 梁卓; 闫承慧; 韩雅玲

    2011-01-01

    目的:构建心肌特异性α-肌球蛋白重链(α-myosin heavy chain,α-MHC)启动子启动E1A基因阻遏子(cellular repressor of E1A-stimulated genes,CREG)和增强型绿色荧光蛋白(enhanced green fluorescent protein,EGFP)融合的真核表达载体.绿色荧光蛋白作为报告基因,方便在心肌细胞中直接观察CREG蛋白的表达,为心肌特异性转CREG基因动物模型制备提供载体.方法:用BamH I和EcoR I双酶切pcDNA3.1 myc-His/hCREG质粒得到CREG基因,亚克隆入增强绿色荧光蛋白表达质粒pEGFP-N1中,构建pCREG-EGFP-Nl;根据Genebank中公布的α-MHC基因的启动子序列,人工合成pUC57-α-MHC启动子基因序列,经AseI和NheI双酶切得到启动子α-MHC,亚克隆入pCREG-EGFP-N1中替代原CMV启动子,构建pα-MHC-CREG-EGFP-N1,测序鉴定.用脂质体法将该质粒转染体外培养的小鼠原代心肌细胞,荧光显微镜下观测绿色荧光蛋白的表达;Western blot检测CREG蛋白的表达.结果:成功构建pα-MHC-CREG-EGFP-N1质粒,酶切及测序结果正确;成功转染入原代培养小鼠心肌细胞,在荧光显微镜下可见绿色荧光蛋白的表达,Western blot检测到CREG蛋白的表达.结论:重组质粒pα-MHC-CREG-EGFP-N1体外转染入原代培养小鼠心肌细胞后,目的基因能够在心肌细胞中有效表达,检测方法简便可靠,为下一步建立心肌细胞特异性表达CREG的过表达转基因小鼠、深入探讨CREG在心肌疾病发生中的生物学功能研究奠定了基础.%Objective: To construct a eukaryotic expressive plasmid for cellular repressor of ElA-stimulated genes (CREG) driven by a cardiac specific promoter α-MHC and reported by green fluorescent protein, and then to observe its expression in mouse primary cardiomyocytes in vitro. Methods: CREG fragment was released from pcDNA3.1 myc-His/hCREG plasmid by BamH I and EcoR I digestion enzymes, and then was subcloned into pEGFP-Nl plasmid to construct pCREG-EGFP-Nl plasmid. The α -MHC

  10. Construction of Porcine CCK pDNA and Its Expression in COS-7 Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAI Jigang; L(U) Yi; BAI Qiaoling

    2007-01-01

    CCK correlates with the generation and progression of pancreatic cancer. The research aims to construct eukaryotic expression plasmid pIRES2-EGFP/CCK (CCK pDNA) and transiently express it in COS-7 cells. Total RNA was extracted from porcine intestinal mucosa. RT-PCR was used to amplify the aimed segments CCKcDNA which was then digested with EcoR1 and BamH1 and inserted into a eukaryotic expression plasmid pIRES2-EGFP to construct CCK pDNA. The constructed plasmid was transfected into COS-7 cells by lepofectamine TM2000-mediated transfer method.The expression of CCK in transfected COS-7 cells was detected 24, 48 and 72 h post-transfection with fluorescence microscopy and the expression level of CCK mRNA in transfected COS-7 cells was assayed by using RT-PCR. The results showed CCK pDNA was successfully constructed and expressed transiently in COS-7 cells. Green fluorescent protein could be detected in the COS-7 cells transfected with porcine CCK pDNA 24 h post-transfection. At 48th h post-transfection, the number of positive cells was increased significantly and much brighter green fluorescence could be detected.And 72 h post-transfection, the green fluorescence of positive cells became even stronger, while no green fluorescence was detected in the control group. The expression of CCK mRNA in the cells was detectable by using RT-PCR. In COS-7 cells transfected with CCK pDNA a high level of porcine CCK mRNA was detected while no expression of porcine CCKmRNA was found in the cells transfected with null plasmid. It was concluded CCK pDNA was expressed successfully in COS-7 cells,which lays a foundation for further research on the relationship between CCK and tumor.

  11. Cloning of rat glutamine synthetase gene and its expression in Hela-G cells%大鼠谷氨酰胺合成酶基因的克隆及其在Hela-G细胞中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙伟峰; 刘春兴; 邹健

    2011-01-01

    Objective To clone rat glutamine synthetase(GS) gene and to express it in mammalian cells. Methods Rat GS cD NA was amplified by RT-PCR from RNA of rat cerebral cortex tissue. GS cDNA was inserted into eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N3. The recombinant expression vector was transiently transfected into Hela-G cells by LipofectamineTM 2000 reagent. The expression of GS in Hela-G cells was detected by immunocytochemistry. Results The sequence of the cloncd GS was confirmed by DNA sequencing. The Hela-G cells transfected with pEGFP-N3-GS could efficicntly express GS protein. Conclusion The cloning of rat GS gene and the construction of its eukaryotic expression vector are successful,which lavs the foundation for further investiga ting the role of GS in astrocytes.%目的 克隆大鼠谷氨酰胺合成酶(GS)基因,构建其真核表达载体,并观察其在Hela-G细胞中的表达. 方法 采用RT-PCR方法,以大鼠大脑皮层总RNA为模板,扩增GS基因,定向克隆到pEGFP-N3载体中.以LipofectamineTM2000试剂转染pEGFP-N3-GS表达载体至Hela-G细胞中进行瞬时真核表达.以免疫细胞化学方法鉴定GS的表达.结果 从大鼠大脑皮层组织中克隆到序列正确的GS全长编码序列.所构建的pEGFP-N3-GS质粒在Hela-G细胞中获得高效表达.结论 大鼠GS基因的克隆、真核表达载体的构建及在Hela-G中的表达获得成功.

  12. Ezrin基因敲低及过表达对脑胶质瘤细胞U87迁移的影响%Effect of Ezrin gene knockdown and over-expression on invasion of glioma U87 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘乃杰; 秦治刚; 孙利波; 金星一; 叶保国; 张金男; 朱庆三

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between Ezrin gene and infiltrative growth of glioma through Ezrin gene knockdown and over-expression. Methods According to Ezrin gene sequence in GenBank, primers were designed using Prime Primer 5. 0 software, with which the gene fragment encoding CDS region of Ezrin gene was amplified from U87 cells and cloned into expression vector pEGFP-1. U87 cells were transfected with the constructed recombinant plasmid pEGFP-C 1/Ezrin as well as plasmids shRNA-EZrin-2 and pEGFP-C 1 in mediation of LipofectimineTM 2000 respectively, then deter-mined for expression of Ezrin protein by Western blot, and for migration by scarification test. Results The homologies of mRNAs of cloned Ezrin gene were 99% to those of homo sapiens ezrin (EZR) and transcript variant 1 reported in Gen-Bank. The homologies of amino acids encoding by the cloned gene was 99% to that of ezrin [Homo sapiens] (Sequence ID: ref-NP_003370. 2-, Length:586), with variations of S66P, K258R, P265L and K577R, while the opening read frame was correct. The relative expression level (1. 17) of Ezrin protein in U87 cells transfected with recombinant plasmid pEGFP-C1 /Ezrin was higher those transfected with shRNA-Ezrin-2 (0. 47) and pEGFP-C1 (0. 82). Scarification test showed migration of a small quantity of U87 cells transfected with shRNA-Ezrin-2 to the wound. However, in pEGFP-C1/ Ezrin transfection group, the wound was almost filled with cells. Conclusion Ezrin gene knockdown blocked , while the over-expression promoted the migration of U87 cells, indicating that Ezrin gene involved in the invasive growth of U87 cells.%目的 分析Ezrin基因敲低及过表达对脑胶质瘤细胞U87迁移的影响,以探讨脑胶质瘤浸润性生长的机理.方法 从U87细胞中扩增Ezrin基因CDS区片段,克隆至表达载体pEGFP-C1中,构建Ezrin基因表达质粒pEGFP-C1/Ezrin.将pEGFP-C1/Ezrin、Ezrin基因shRNA质粒shRNA-Ezrin-2和pEGFP-C1以脂质体LipofectimineTM 2000

  13. Experimental study of electroporation-mediated plasmid gene expression in skin and incisional wound%电穿孔介导质粒基因在皮肤和线性伤口中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高振; 宋楠; 武晓莉; 曾谊林; 刘伟

    2008-01-01

    Objective To explore the feasibility of electroporation mediated gone transfer in rat incisional wound.Methods 12 Sprague-Dawley rat's dorsal skins were electroporated(800 voltages in amplitude with 6 square wsve pulses,each lasting 20 milliseconds with 200 millisecond interval)after injection of plasmid DNA(1 μg/μl,in 100 μl PBS)containing enhanced green fluorescence protein(EGFP)gene.Electroporated skins were incisiomdly wounded 24 hours after electroporation.Specimens were harvested at day 2,4,6,14,then EGFP expression in dennis wag observed and quantitatively analyzed with integrated optical density(IOD)followed by H&E staimng.Results Eleetroporation can mediate EGFP expression in epidermis,dermis and pannicuhs muscle.The expression level in dermis Wag the highest at dav 2(IOD=3.50±1.45)and disappeared at day 14.EGFP expression Wag not found in dennis if no electroporation apphed after plasmid injection(IOD=0).Conclusion Electroporation can mediate plagmid gone expression in ineisional wound efficiently and widely.%目的 研究在线性伤口中进行电穿孔基因转染的可行性.方法 于12只Sprague-Dawley大鼠背部皮肤内注射增强型绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)质粒(1 μg/μl)后,在注射局部进行电穿孔(800 V/cm,6个方波,每个持续20ms,间隔为200ms).电穿孔后24 h在电穿孔部位做线性切口,于第2、4、6、14天收集标本.观察EGFP表达并计算其真皮内积分光密度(IOD).然后进行HE染色.结果 电穿孔使EGFP在表皮、真皮以及肉膜内表达,真皮内表达量在第2天最高(IOD=3.50±1.45),至第14天消失,而单纯质粒注射真皮内无表达(IOD=0).结论 电穿孔能够介导质粒在线性伤口中高效而广泛地表达.

  14. 2A self-cleaving peptide-based multi-gene expression system in the silkworm Bombyx mori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yuancheng; Wang, Feng; Wang, Riyuan; Zhao, Ping; Xia, Qingyou

    2015-01-01

    Fundamental and applied studies of silkworms have entered the functional genomics era. Here, we report a multi-gene expression system (MGES) based on 2A self-cleaving peptide (2A), which regulates the simultaneous expression and cleavage of multiple gene targets in the silk gland of transgenic silkworms. First, a glycine-serine-glycine spacer (GSG) was found to significantly improve the cleavage efficiency of 2A. Then, the cleavage efficiency of six types of 2As with GSG was analyzed. The shortest porcine teschovirus-1 2A (P2A-GSG) exhibited the highest cleavage efficiency in all insect cell lines that we tested. Next, P2A-GSG successfully cleaved the artificial human serum albumin (66 kDa) linked with human acidic fibroblast growth factor (20.2 kDa) fusion genes and vitellogenin receptor fragment (196 kD) of silkworm linked with EGFP fusion genes, importantly, vitellogenin receptor protein was secreted to the outside of cells. Furthermore, P2A-GSG successfully mediated the simultaneous expression and cleavage of a DsRed and EGFP fusion gene in silk glands and caused secretion into the cocoon of transgenic silkworms using our sericin1 expression system. We predicted that the MGES would be an efficient tool for gene function research and innovative research on various functional silk materials in medicine, cosmetics, and other biomedical areas. PMID:26537835

  15. Inhibition of Bcl-2 expression by a novel tumor-specific RNA interference system increases chemosensitivity to 5-fluorouracil in Hela cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sheng-lin HUANG; Yi WU; Hai YU; Ping ZHANG; Xing-qian ZHANG; Lei YING; Han-fang ZHAO

    2006-01-01

    Aim: RNA interference (RNAi) has been proposed as a potential treatment for cancer, but the lack of cellular targets limits its use in cancer gene therapy. No current technology has achieved direct tumor-specific gene silencing using RNAi.In the present study we attempt to develop a tumor-specific RNAi system using the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter; furthermore, we analyzed its inhibitive effect on Bcl-2 expression. Methods: The vectors containing a small hairpin RNA (shRNA) to target exogenous reporters [firefly luciferase and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)] and endogenous gene (Bcl-2)were constructed. Luciferase expression was determined by dual luciferase assay.Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), fluorescence microscopy and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) were used to measure EGFP expression. Inhibition of Bcl-2 was evaluated by RT-PCR and Western blotting.Cell proliferation and viability were measured by using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. FACS was used to analyze the cell cycle distribution profile. Results: We showed that with the hTERT promoter directly driving shRNA transcription, expression of the exogenous reporters (LUC and EGFP) in tumor cells, but not normal cells, was specifically inhibited in vitro. The hTERT promoter-driven shRNA also depressed the expression of Bcl-2. Inhibition of Bcl-2 did not affect cell proliferation, but increased the chemosensitivity of HeLa cells to 5-fluorouracil. Conclusion: The present study describes an efficient RNAi system for gene silencing that is specific to tumor cells using the hTERT promoter. Suppression of Bcl-2 by using this system sensitized HeLa cells to 5-fluorouracil. This system may be useful for RNAi therapy.

  16. Construction of eukaryotic expression plasmid of Fasciola hepatica CatL gene and biological activity analysis of recombinant protein%肝片吸虫组织蛋白酶L真核表达载体构建及重组蛋白活性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闻晓波; 冉旭华; 王春仁; 宋佰芬; 魏晓曼; 李晓娟; 王密; 苗艳

    2013-01-01

    In this research we constructed eukaryotic expression plasmid expressing Fasciola hepalica cathepsin L-like proteases (CatL) and analyzed the immunogenicity of recombinant protein. CatL gene was amplified by PCR with the template of recombinant pET30a-FhCatL plasmid and cloned into pEGFP-Nl vector to construct recombinant plasmids pEGFP-Nl-CatL. The recombinant plasmid pEGFP-Nl-CatL was transfected into HeLa cells and fluorescent signal was detected by fluorescence microscope. The immunogenicity of recombinant protein identified by western blotting demonstrated that the recombinant protein specifically reacted with serum from goat infected by Fasciola hepalica and showed robust immunoreactivity. The eukaryotic expression plasmid may be a potential gene vaccine or diagnose preparations in further study.%目的 构建肝片吸虫组织蛋白酶L(CatL)的真核表达载体,研究重组蛋白的生物学活性.方法 以构建好的重组质粒pET30a-FhCatL为模板,利用PCR技术扩增肝片吸虫组织蛋白酶L基因(catL),连接真核表达载体pEGFP-N1,构建重组质粒pEGFP-N1-CatL,转染HeLa细胞,荧光显微镜下观察绿色荧光,Western blotting检测重组蛋白表达情况.结果 重组质粒pEGFP-N1-CatL在HeLa细胞中获得了表达,Western blotting结果表明真核表达质粒表达的重组蛋白能与自然感染肝片吸虫的山羊阳性血清发生特异性反应.结论 肝片吸虫CatL真核表达载体构建成功,真核表达产物可与自然感染的山羊阳性血清发生特异性反应,具有免疫反应性,可做为分子疫苗的候选和诊断抗原进行进一步的研究.

  17. Construction and expression of retroviral vector pLEGFP-N1-TERT in preparation of seed cells for skin tissue engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ting Tan; Zhi-Qi Hu

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To construct the retroviral vector pLEGFP-N1-telomerase reverse transcriptase(TERT) and to investigate the expression ofTERT in neonatal mouse hypodermal cells.Methods:The polymerase chain reaction(PCR)-amplifiedTERT gene was inserted into plasmid pLEGFP-N1.The positive clone was identified by restriction enzyme digestion and sequencing, then was transfected into packaging cells to produce retrovirus particles.Neonatal mouse hypodermal cells were infected with the virus to generate a stable cell line.TheTERT mRNA expression level, telomerase activity, and enhanced green fluorescent protein(EGFP) expression level were analyzed.Results:Retroviral vector pLEGFP-N1-TERT was constructed successfully, and a stable cell line of neonatal mouse hypodermal cells expressingEGFP was established.Western blot and immunohistochemical assay showed that the expression level ofTERT was significantly elevated in the neonatal mouse hypodermal cells.Conclusions:A high titer of retrovirus pLEGFP-N1-TERT mediates high-level expression of the exogenousTERT gene in the neonatal mouse hypodermal cells.This protocol has potential applications for skin tissue engineering and cell transplantation therapy.

  18. 透明质酸/壳聚糖/pEGFP纳米粒介导体外基因转染关节软骨细胞与滑膜细胞的比较%Hyaluronic acid/chitosan/pEGFP nanoparticles mediated gene transfection of articular chondrocytes and synoviocytes in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕璐璐; 卢华定; 陆慧琼; 张富程; 赵慧清

    2012-01-01

    [目的]以透明质酸(HA)修饰的壳聚糖(CS)/质粒DNA(pDNA)纳米粒介导体外基因转染关节软骨细胞与滑膜细胞,以明确其作为非病毒基因载体治疗关节疾病的潜能.[方法]将HA修饰的CS与负载增强型绿色荧光蛋白基因(EGFP)的pDNA以复凝聚法制成纳米粒,以扫描电镜检测纳米粒形态;激光粒度仪测定其粒径、Ze-ta电位及分散度(PDl);凝胶电泳阻滞试验榆测HA/CS和pDNA的结合力及pDNA的释放;体外转染兔关节软骨细胞与滑膜细胞,以流式细胞仪及荧光显微镜检测转染效率.[结果]HA/CS/pDNA纳米粒多呈球形,粒径平均为(142.5±20.3)nm,表面Zeta电位平均为(25.99±8.48)mV,分散度平均为(0.283±0.089),可有效保护pDNA免受核酸酶的降解;通过调节pH值至7.5以上或加入壳聚糖酶可促使纳米粒中的pDNA释放;体外转染实验证明HA/CS/pDNA纳米粒能介导pEGFP转染软骨细胞和滑膜细胞并在细胞内表达绿色荧光蛋白,其对软骨细胞的转染能力较强,比裸pEGFP和CS/pEGFP纳米粒有更高的转染效率(P<0.05);但对滑膜细胞的基因转染效率较低,与CS/pEGFP纳米粒无明显差别(P>0.05).[结论]复凝聚法制备的HA/CS/pDNA纳米粒是一种有效的新型非病毒基因转染载体,在体外可介导基因转染关节软骨细胞和滑膜细胞,其转染效率具有明显的细胞依赖性.%[Objective] Hyaluronic acid ( HA) was used to modify ehitnaan/pDNA nanoparticles to produce HA/CS/pDNA nanoparticles as novel gene vectors. And to study HA/CS/pDNA nanoparticles mediated gene transfection of chondrocytes and synoviocytes in vitro, so as to ascertain them as potential non -viral gene vectors for the treatment of joint disease. [Methods ] The HA/CS/pDNA nanoparticles were prepared by a complex coacervation method with HA modified chitosan mixed with plasmid DNA (pDNA), which loaded enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene. The morphology of nanoparticles was

  19. RNA干扰技术抑制SGIV ICP18绿色荧光融合蛋白表达的研究%The Inhibition of Expression of SGIV ICP18-GFP in FHM Cell by RNA Interferencing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏立群; 张红莲; 梁海鹰; 秦启伟

    2011-01-01

    Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) is a major pathogen resulting in heavy economic losses to grouper aquaculture. In this study, recombant eukaryotic vector pEGFP-ICP18 which inserted with SGIV ICP18 gene was transfected into Fathead minnow (FHM) cells, and ICP18-GFP fusion protein was successfully expressed in FHM cells with a finely punctate cytoplasmic pattern. Candidate siRNA targeting SGIV ICP18 gene (siRNA-ICP18) was designed and chemically synthesized. To investigate the inhibition effect of siRNA-ICP18, pEGFP-ICP18 and siRNA were co-transfected into FHM cells, and the green fluorescence was observed by fluorescence microscope after transfection. The green fluorescence in FHM cells co-transfected with pEGFP-ICP18 and siRNA-ICP18 were 60% ~ 80% fewer than that of negative control, which show the siRNA-ICP18 can effectively silence the extrinsic SGIV ICP18 gene in FHM cells during 24 ~48 h after transfection.%将含有新加坡石斑鱼虹彩病毒(Singapore gmuper iridovirus,SGIV)ICP18基因的真核表达载体pEGFP-ICPl8转染到胖头鲤细胞(Fathead minnow cells,FHM)中进行融合表达,用荧光显微镜观察到ICP18-GFP融合蛋白呈点状分布于FHM细胞的细胞质中.根据SGIV ICPl8的序列,设计并体外化学合成了特异性干扰SGIVICP18的siRNA(siRNA-ICP18),与pEGFP-ICP18共转染到FHM细胞中,通过荧光显微镜观察不同时间点的荧光强度变化.与序列非特异性siRNA(siRNA-negative)阴性对照相比,转染后24-48 h,共转染siRNA-ICP18和pEGFP-ICP18的实验细胞中发荧光的细胞数量较阴性对照少60%-80%左右,说明体外化学合成的siRNA-ICP18可有效抑制FHM细胞中外源导入SGIV ICP18基因的表达.

  20. Construction, characterization and expression of full length cDNA clone of sheep YAP1 gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wei; Li, Da; Su, Rui; Musa, Hassan H; Chen, Ling; Zhou, Hong

    2014-02-01

    RT-PCR, 5'RACE, 3'RACE were used to clone sheep full length cDNA sequence of YAP1 (Yes-associated protein 1), eukaryotic expression plasmid and a mutant that cannot be phosphorylated at Ser42 was successfully constructed. The amino acid sequence analysis revealed that sheep YAP1 gene encoded water-soluble protein and its relative molecular weight and isoelectric point was 44,079.0 Da and 4.91, respectively. Sub-cellular localization of YAP1 was in the nucleus, it is hydrophilic non-transmembrane and non-secreted protein. YAP1 protein contained 33 phosphorylation sites, seven glycosylation sites and two WW domains. The secondary structure of YAP1 was mainly composed of random coil, while the tertiary structure of domain area showed a forniciform helix structure. YAP1 gene was expressed in different tissues, the highest expression was in kidney and the lowest was in hypothalamus. The CDS of sheep YAP1was amplified by RT-PCR from healthy sheep longissimus dorsi muscle, cloned into pMD19-T simple vector by T/A ligation. YAP1 coding region was further sub-cloned into pEGFP-C1 vector by T4 Ligase to construct a eukaryotic expression plasmid and then make the eukaryotic expression vector as the template to construct the phosphorylation site mutant. PCR, restriction enzyme and sequencing were used to confirm the recombinant plasmid. The sheep full-length YAP1 cDNA sequence is 1712 in length encoding 403 amino acids. It was confirmed that the sheep YAP1 CDS was correctly inserted into eukaryotic expression vector and serine had been mutated to alanine by PCR, restriction digestion and sequencing. The result showed that the recombinant plasmid pEGFP-C1-YAP1 and pEGFP-C1-YAP1 S42A was constructed correctly, this will help for further studies on the YAP1 protein expression and its biological activities. PMID:24381103

  1. A construct with fluorescent indicators for conditional expression of miRNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xia Xugang

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Transgenic RNAi holds promise as a simple, low-cost, and fast method for reverse genetics in mammals. It may be particularly useful for producing animal models for hypomorphic gene function. Inducible RNAi that permits spatially and temporally controllable gene silencing in vivo will enhance the power of transgenic RNAi approach. Furthermore, because microRNA (miRNA targeting specific genes can be expressed simultaneously with protein coding genes, incorporation of fluorescent marker proteins can simplify the screening and analysis of transgenic RNAi animals. Results We sought to optimally express a miRNA simultaneously with a fluorescent marker. We compared two construct designs. One expressed a red fluorescent protein (RFP and a miRNA placed in its 3' untranslated region (UTR. The other expressed the same RFP and miRNA, but the precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA coding sequence was placed in an intron that was inserted into the 3'-UTR. We found that the two constructs expressed comparable levels of miRNA. However, the intron-containing construct expressed a significantly higher level of RFP than the intron-less construct. Further experiments indicate that the 3'-UTR intron enhances RFP expression by its intrinsic gene-expression-enhancing activity and by eliminating the inhibitory effect of the pre-miRNA on the expression of RFP. Based on these findings, we incorporated the intron-embedded pre-miRNA design into a conditional expression construct that employed the Cre-loxP system. This construct initially expressed EGFP gene, which was flanked by loxP sites. After exposure to Cre recombinase, the transgene stopped EGFP expression and began expression of RFP and a miRNA, which silenced the expression of specific cellular genes. Conclusion We have designed and tested a conditional miRNA-expression construct and showed that this construct expresses both the marker genes strongly and can silence the target gene efficiently upon Cre

  2. Inhibition of HIV-1 Integrase gene expression by 10-23 DNAzyme

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Nirpendra Singh; Atul Ranjan; Souvik Sur; Ramesh Chandra; Vibha Tandon

    2012-07-01

    HIV Integrase (IN) is an enzyme that is responsible for the integration of the proviral genome into the human genome, and this integration step is the first step of the virus hijacking the human cell machinery for its propagation and replication. 10-23 DNAzyme has the potential to suppress gene expressions through sequence-specific mRNA cleavage. We have designed three novel DNAzymes, DIN54, DIN116, and DIN152, against HIV-1 Integrase gene using Mfold software and evaluated them for target site cleavage activity on the in vitro transcribed mRNA. All DNAzymes were tested for its inhibition of expression of HIV Integrase protein in the transiently transfected cell lines. DIN116 and DIN152 inhibited IN-EGFP expression by 80% and 70% respectively.

  3. Construction and identification of recombination expression vector Ksp-Cadherin-Gpx1-Kik1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xie Liyi; Xue Wujun; Xiang Heli; Ma Sunkai

    2008-01-01

    Objective To construct and identify the Gpx1-Klk1 vector which contains kidney-specific promoter (Ksp-cadherin). Methods Through PCR amplification, the human Gpx1, Klk1, and Ksp-cadherin eDNA were obtained by taking Gpx1 cDNA, Klk1 eDNA, and Ksp-cadherin BAC as templates. After being testified, the PCR products were inserted into the expressive vector pIRES-EGFP step-by-step to produce a recombinant vector Ksp-cadherin-Gpx1-Klk1. This vector was examined by restriction enzyme digestion and sequence analysis. Results The recombinant expressive vector Ksp-cadherin-Gpx1-Klk1 was successfully constructed. Conclusion The construction of the recombinant vector Ksp-cadherin-Gpx1-Kik1 laid foundations for investigations in establishing transgenic animal models, the over-expression of Gpx1 and Kikl in mammal kidney, and gene therapy for ischemia-reperfnsion injury during kidney transplantation.

  4. Establishment and Identification of Chinese Hamster Ovary Cell Lines with Stable Expression of Soluble CD40 Ligands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JIANG Hua-wei

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To establish the Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO cell lines with stable expression of soluble CD40 ligands (sCD40L. Methods: Recombinant plasmid pIRES2-EGFP-sCD40L, enzyme digestion and sequencing identification were obtained by cloning sCD40L coding sequences into eukaryotic expression vector pIRES2-EGFP from carrier pDC316-sCD40 containing sCD40L. CHO cells were transfected by electroporation, followed by screening of resistant clones with G418, after which monoclones were obtained by limited dilution assay and multiply cultured. Flow cytometer and reverted fluorescence microscope were applied to observe the expression of green fluorescent protein, while sCD40L expression was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA from aspects of deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA, messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA and protein, respectively. CHO-sCD40L was cultured together with MDA-MB-231 cells to compare the expression changes of surface molecule fatty acid synthase (Fas by flow cytometer and observe the apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells after Fas activated antibodies (CH-11 were added 24 h later. Results: Plasmid pIRES2-EGFP-sCD40L was successfully established, and cell lines with stable expression of sCD40L were obtained with cloned culture after CHO cell transfection, which was named as B11. Flow cytometer and reverted fluorescence microscope showed >90% expression of green fluorescent protein, while PCR, RT-PCR and ELISA suggested integration of sCD40L genes into cell genome DNA, transcription of sCD40L mRNA and sCD40L protein expression being (4.5±2.1 ng/mL in the supernatant of cell culture, respectively. After co-culture of B11 and MDA-MB-231 cells, the surface Fas expression of MDA-MB-231 cells was increased from (3±1.02 % to (34.8±8.75%, while the apoptosis rate 24 h after addition of CH11 from (5.4±1.32% to (20.7±5.24%, and the differences

  5. Construction of a bicistronic recombinant adenoviral vector for human interleukin-10 and enhanced green fluorescent protein expression in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Jian-qing; LIN Cai-zhu; LIN Xian-zhong; ZENG Kai; GAO You-guang

    2012-01-01

    Background Human interleukin-10 (hlL-10) is a cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor,which is involved in various immune responses.The purpose of this study was to construct an adenoviral vector carrying the hlL-10 gene for expression of biologically active hlL-10 in rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rMSCs).Methods A pSNAV2.0-hlL10 plasmid was used as a template to obtain a hlL-10 cDNA fragment that was subcloned by restriction enzyme digestion and ligation into a pDC316-IRES-EGFP-lacZ alpha plasmid carrying an enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) marker gene.The pDC316-hlL-10-IRES-EGFP plasmid was linearized by Pmel digestion and used to transfect HEK293 packaging cells using the adenovirus packaging system AdMax.Virus particles were amplified by repeatedly infecting HEK293 cells with the seed virus and then purified by ion exchange.After the number of virus particles and titer was determined,rMSCs were infected with the adenoviral vector.The infection rate was determined by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry,and hlL-10 protein expression in rMSCs was measured by Western blotting.Results The virus particle concentration,OD260/280 value and virus titer of the amplified and purified recombinant adenovirus were 3.2×1011 VP/ml,approximately 2.0,and 1.1×1010 TCID50/ml,respectively.Bright green fluorescence was observed by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry in the recombinant adenovirus-infected rMSCs.GFP expression was considered the multiplicity of infection (MOI) and was time-dependent.The infection rate was 92.9% at 100 MOI.Conclusions A bicistrenic recombinant adenoviral vector for hlL-10 and EGFP gene expression were successfully constructed.The infection rate of rMSCs by the adenovirus was high (92.9% at 100 MOI) and the target gene hlL-10 was highly expressed in cells.The present study provides an experimental basis for further research of immunosuppressive therapy using hlL-10.The expression level of hlL-10 protein as detected by

  6. Transfection and expression of exogenous gene in laying hens oviduct in vitro and in vivo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Bo; SUN Huai-chang; SONG Cheng-yi; WANG Zhi-yue; CHEN Qin; SONG Hong-qin

    2005-01-01

    To examine whether or not the regulatory sequence of chicken ovalbumin gene can drive transgene expression specifically in hen oviduct, the authors constructed an oviduct-specific expression vector (pOV), containing 3.0 kilobases (kb) of the 5'-flanking sequence and 3.0 kb of the 3'-flanking sequence of the chicken ovalbumin gene. Jellyfish green fluorescence protein (EGFP) reporter gene and bacterial LacZ reporter gene were respectively inserted into the downstream of the 5'-regulatory region.The recombinants were named as pOVEGFP and pOVLacZ. Two transfer systems, in vitro and in vivo, were used to verify the function of the vector. In vitro, the plasmid DNA pOVEGFP and pEGFP-N1 were transfected respectively by the polyethyleneimine procedure into the primary chicken oviduct epithelium (PCOE) and fibroblasts cells isolated from laying hens. In vivo, the recombinant vector pOVLacZ was injected into egg-laying hens via wing vein and the tissues were collected for RT-PCR analysis.The results showed that expression of pEGFP-N1 was achieved at low level in oviduct epithelial cells and at high level in fibroblasts, but that the recombinant vector was not expressed in both cells. RT-PCR analysis showed that the LacZ gene was transcribed in the oviduct, but not in the heart, liver, kidney and spleen of the injected hens. Accordingly, the ?-galactosidase activity was only detected in the oviduct magnum (116.7 mU/ml) and eggs (16.47 mU/ml). These results indicated that the cloned regulation regions of chicken ovalbumin gene could drive exogenous gene expression specifically in the oviducts of hens. In vivo gene injection via wing vein may serve as a rapid production system of recombinant proteins in chicken eggs. In addition, the cultured primary oviduct cells from laying hens were not efficient temporary expression systems for analyzing the function of regulating elements of ovalbumin gene.

  7. Differential expression of human homeodomain TGIFLX in brain tumor cell lines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Raoofian

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Glioblastoma is the most common and the most lethal primary brain cancer. This malignancy is highly locally invasive, rarely metastatic and resistant to current therapies. Little is known about the distinct molecular biology of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM in terms of initiation and progression. So far, several molecular mechanisms have been suggested to implicate in GBM development. Homeodomain (HD transcription factors play central roles in the expression of genomic information in all known eukaryotes. The TGIFX homeobox gene was originally discovered in human adult testes. Our previous study showed implications of TGIFLX in prostate cancer and azoospermia, although the molecular mechanism by which TGIFLX acts is unknown. Moreover, studies reported that HD proteins are involved in normal and abnormal brain developments. We examined the expression pattern of TGIFLX in different human brain tumor cell lines including U87MG, A172, Daoy and 1321N1. Interestingly, real time RT-PCR and western blot analysis revealed a high level of TGIFLX expression in A172 cells but not in the other cell lines. We subsequently cloned the entire coding sequence of TGIFLX gene into the pEGFP-N1 vector, eukaryotic expression vector encoding eGFP, and transfected into the U-87 MG cell line. The TGIFLX-GFP expression was confirmed by real time RT-PCR and UV-microscopic analysis. Upon transfection into U87 cells, fusion protein TGIFLX-GFP was found to locate mainly in the nucleus. This is the first report to determine the nuclear localization of TGIFLX and evaluation of its expression level between different brain tumor cell lines. Our data also suggest that TGIFLX gene dysregulation could be involved in the pathogenesis of some human brain tumors.

  8. In vitro expression of native H5 and N1 genes of avian influenza virus by using Green Fluorescent Protein as reporter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Risza Hartawan

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The hemagglutinin and neuraminidase are important immunogen of avian influenza virus that are suitable for recombinant experimentation. However, both genes have been experienced rapid mutation resulting in diverse variety of genotypes. Hence, gene expression in recombinant systems will be difficult to predict. The objective of the study was to examine expression level of H5 and N1 genes from a field isolate by cloning the genes into expression vector pEGFP-C1. Two clones respresenting fulllength of H5 and N1 gene in plasmid pEGFP-C1 were transfected into chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF, rabbit kidney (RK13 and African green monkey kidney (VERO cells using Lipofectamine ‘Plus’ reagent. The experiment showed level of gene expression in the VERO cell was higher than in the RK13 and CEF cells. Observations using fluorescent microscopy and Western blotting revealed that the N1 gene was expressed better in all cells compared to the H5 gene.

  9. Modified gateway system for double shRNA expression and Cre/lox based gene expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leung Lisa

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The growing need for functional studies of genes has set the stage for the development of versatile tools for genetic manipulations. Results Aiming to provide tools for high throughput analysis of gene functions, we have developed a modified short hairpin RNA (shRNA and gene expression system based on Gateway Technology. The system contains a series of entry and destination vectors that enables easy transfer of shRNA or cDNA into lentiviral expression systems with a variety of selection or marker genes (i.e. puromycin, hygromycin, green fluorescent protein-EGFP, yellow fluorescent protein-YFP and red fluorescent protein-dsRed2. Our shRNA entry vector pENTR.hU6.hH1 containing two tandem human shRNA expression promoters, H1 and U6, was capable of co-expressing two shRNA sequences simultaneously. The entry vector for gene overexpression, pENTR.CMV.ON was constructed to contain CMV promoter with a multiple cloning site flanked by loxP sites allowing for subsequent Cre/lox recombination. Both shRNA and cDNA expression vectors also contained attL sites necessary for recombination with attR sites in our destination expression vectors. As proof of principle we demonstrate the functionality and efficiency of this system by testing expression of several cDNA and shRNA sequences in a number of cell lines. Conclusion Our system is a valuable addition to already existing library of Gateway based vectors and can be an essential tool for many aspects of gene functional studies.

  10. Multicistronic lentiviral vectors containing the FMDV 2A cleavage factor demonstrate robust expression of encoded genes at limiting MOI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margison Geoffrey P

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A number of gene therapy applications would benefit from vectors capable of expressing multiple genes. In this study we explored the feasibility and efficiency of expressing two or three transgenes in HIV-1 based lentiviral vector. Bicistronic and tricistronic self-inactivating lentiviral vectors were constructed employing the internal ribosomal entry site (IRES sequence of encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV and/or foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV cleavage factor 2A. We employed enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP, O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT, and homeobox transcription factor HOXB4 as model genes and their expression was detected by appropriate methods including fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, immunocytochemistry, biochemical assay, and western blotting. Results All the multigene vectors produced high titer virus and were able to simultaneously express two or three transgenes in transduced cells. However, the level of expression of individual transgenes varied depending on: the transgene itself; its position within the construct; the total number of transgenes expressed; the strategy used for multigene expression and the average copy number of pro-viral insertions. Notably, at limiting MOI, the expression of eGFP in a bicistronic vector based on 2A was ~4 times greater than that of an IRES based vector. Conclusion The small and efficient 2A sequence can be used alone or in combination with an IRES for the construction of multicistronic lentiviral vectors which can express encoded transgenes at functionally relevant levels in cells containing an average of one pro-viral insert.

  11. EGFP和CM-Dil示踪骨髓间充质干细胞构建组织工程骨的体内研究%The in vivo study of tissue engineered bone constructed with EGFP and CM-Dil labeled BMSCs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武京国; 谢方南; 马慧雨; 王黔; 曹谊林; 肖苒

    2012-01-01

    目的:应用增强型绿色荧光蛋白(Enhanced green fluorescent protein,EGFP)和CM-Dil标记技术,观察组织工程骨在体内形成过程中种子细胞的变化和转归.方法:分别用EGFP慢病毒表达和CM-Dil染料的方法标记比格犬骨髓间充质干细胞(Bone mesenchymal stem cells,BMSCs),MTT法检测标记细胞的体外增殖能力.BMSCs接种珊瑚支架体外成骨诱导7天后,将未标记组、EGFP组和CM-Dil组分别植入裸鼠背部皮下,空白支架作为阴性对照.术后4、8、12周取材,HE染色观察成骨情况,EGFP组采用GFP免疫组化、CM-Dil组冰冻切片荧光显微镜下示踪BMSCs在体内的变化.结果:两种标记技术能高效标记BMSCs,标记前后细胞的体外增殖无显著性差异(P>0.05).细胞-支架复合物植入体内12周后有新生骨形成,标记细胞数量随时间延长而逐渐减少,12周后仍显示有部分标记细胞存活.结论:EGFP和CM-Dil可用于示踪组织工程种子细胞,通过示踪说明BMSCs在体内组织工程骨成骨过程中发挥了重要作用.%Objective To observe the effect of BMSCs in fabricating tissue engineering bone in vivo using EGFP andCM-Dil labeling technology. Methods BMSCs isolated from Beagle Dogs were labeled using EGFP and CM -Dilseparately and the proliferation abilities were analyzed by MTT assay. BMSCs were seeded onto the coral scaffolds andcultured in the osteogenic medium for 7 days.Then the BMSCs/Coral constructs were implanted into the nude micessubcutaneously.The constructs were divided into three groups:Unlabeled group,EGFP group,CM -Dil group.Thespecimens were collected respectively at 4,8 and 12 weeks after implantation and tissue engineered bone wasevaluated by HE staining.The seeded BMSCs were traced by immunohistochemistry staining of GFP in the EGFP groupand directly observed in the frozen section under the fluorescence microscope in the CM-Dil. Results BMSCs werelabeled efficiently by both GFP and CM-Dil labeling technology and

  12. Effects of XPD and P53 on Proliferation of HepG2.2.15 and Expression of Hepatitis B Virus X Protein%XPD和P53对HepG2.2.15增殖及乙型肝炎病毒X蛋白表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁浩; 张吉翔

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate effects of xeroderma pigmentosum D (XPD) and P53 on the proliferation of HepC2.2.1S, human hepatoma cells and the expressions of hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx), Bcl-2 and Bax. Methods: Re-combinant plasmid pEGFP-N2/XPD and vacant vector plasmid pEGFP-N2 were transfected into HepG2.2.15 by liposome. On the next day, these cells were incubated with Pifithrin-a (P53 inhibitor) at a 20 (xmol/L concentration for 24 h. Cells were divided into five groups, blank control group, pEGFP-N2 group, pEGFP-N2/XPD group, pEGFP-N2/XPD + Pifithrin-a group and Pifithrin-a group. The expressions of XPD, HBx, Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. The cell proliferation was detected by MTT. The cell cycles were examined with flow cytometry. Results: (1) The expression of XPD increased by transfection of pEGFP-N2/XPD (P < 0.001). The increased XPD expression down-regulated the expressions of HBx and Bcl-2, and up-regulated the expression of Bax, while Pifithrin-a abolished the above effects of XPD(P < 0.01, respectively). (2) MTT results showed that the increased XPD expression inhibited the cell proliferation. This inhibition induced by XPD can be inhibited by Pifithrin-a (P < 0.001). (3) Flow cytometry results showed that the up-regulated XPD expression increased the cell number of Gi phase and decreased that of S phase, while the effect of XPD on cell cycle was abolished by Pifithrin-a (P < 0.001, respectively). Conclusion: XPD can suppress the proliferation of hepatoma carcinoma cells, down-regulate the expression of HBx and Bcl-2, and up-regulate the expression of Bax through P53 pathway. There may be mutual influences among XPD, P53 and HBx that co-regulate hepatocarcmogenes.s.%目的:探讨人着色性干皮病基因D(XPD)和P53对人肝癌细胞株HepG2.2.15增殖及乙型肝炎病毒X蛋白(HBx)、Bcl-2和Bax基因表达的影响.方法:用脂质体转染法将重组质粒pEGFP-N2/XPD和空载质粒pEGFP-N2转染HepG2.2.15

  13. 靶向Ang2的RNAi慢病毒载体的构建及其对恶性黑色素瘤细胞中Ang2基因表达的影响%Construction of Recombinant Lentiviral Vector of siRNA for Ang2 and the Effect of the Expression of Ang2 Gene in Malignant Melanoma Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘照亮; 王彪; 郭国祥; 单秀英; 王美水; 庄福连; 蔡传书; 张明凤; 张彦定

    2011-01-01

    目的 构建携带促血管生成素2-小干扰RNA(Ang2-siRNA)慢病毒载体,观察其对恶性黑色素瘤细胞中Ang2基因表达的干扰作用.方法 将经XbaⅠ酶切电泳鉴定的带有加强绿色荧光蛋白的转移质粒(pNL-EGFP)载体与pSilencer 1.0-U6启动子-促血管生成素2-小干扰RNA(pSilencer 1.0-U6-Ang2-siRNA)重组质粒连接,产生加强绿色荧光蛋白的转移质粒-U6启动子-促血管生成素2-Ⅰ(pNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2-Ⅰ)、加强绿色荧光蛋白的转移质粒-U6启动子-促血管生成素2-Ⅱ(pNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2-Ⅱ)慢病毒转移质粒,电泳筛选阳性克隆,测序鉴定.用连接成功的慢病毒转移质粒、水疱性口炎病毒G蛋白(pVSVG)包膜质粒和pHelper包装质粒共转染293T细胞,产生pNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2-Ⅰ、pNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2-Ⅱ慢病毒.收集病毒上清,测定病毒滴度.将收集的病毒上清感染恶性黑色素瘤细胞,通过实时荧光定量RT-PCR测定抑制Ang2基因表达的效率.结果 酶切电泳与测序鉴定证实成功构建了Ang2-SiRNA慢病毒载体,293T细胞测定病毒原液滴度为8.0×103/ml.实时荧光定量RT-PCR结果显示:Ang2-siRNA慢病毒载体感染恶性黑色素瘤细胞,抑制了恶性黑色素瘤细胞中Ang2基因的表达(P<0.05).结论 成功构建了Ang2-SiRNA慢病毒载体,体外研究显示Ang2-SiRNA慢病毒载体能抑制恶性黑色素瘤细胞中Ang2 mRNA的表达,为下一步进行裸鼠恶性黑色素瘤移植瘤生长的干预实验奠定基础,为肿瘤的基因治疗提供实验依据.%Objective To construct lentivectors carrying Ang2-small interfering RNA ( siR-NA ), which was used to inhibit Ang2 expression in malignant melanoma cells. Methods Plasmid pNL-EGFP and recombinant plasmid pSilencer 1. 0-U6-Ang2-siRNA were digested with Xbal and li-gated into a target lentiviral transfer plasmid of pNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2- I or pNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2- Ⅱ . Plasmids pNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2- I and pNL-EGFP-U6-Ang2- II were constructed successfully. Lentiviral

  14. CCR7基因载体的构建及其在肺腺癌H157细胞的稳定表达%Construction of human CCR7 gene vector and its stable expression in lung adenocarcinoma H157 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭学光

    2011-01-01

    Objective To construct expression vectors of human CCR7 gene and to obtain H157 cells that can express CCR7 stably. Methods CCR7 coding domain was amplified from lung adenocarcinoma patient using RT-PCR, directionally cloned into pEGFP-N1 plasmid. The recombinant vectors were transfected into H157 cell lines by DOTAP liposome and screened by G418 selective medium. The expression of CCR7 was verified by RT-PCR and flow cytometry. Results Correct construction of pEGFP-CCR7 was identified by methods of restriction enzyme analysis, PCR amplication and nucleotide-sequencing. CCR7 was found to be expressed in the transfected H157 cells with fluorescent microscopy, RT-PCR and flow cytometry. Conclusions The CCR7-expressing plasmid has been constructed successfully and CCR7 is expressed stably in human adenocarcinoma H157 cells.%目的 构建人CCR7基因真核表达质粒,获得稳定表达CCR7蛋白的H157细胞.方法 应用逆转录PCR法(RT-PCR)自人肺腺癌标本中扩增出CCR7编码区序列,定向克隆至载体pEGFP-N1中构建质粒pEGFP-CCR7,采用脂质体介导的基因转染技术将重组质粒DNA导入肺腺癌H157细胞中,加入G418对细胞进行筛选,获得稳定表达CCR7的细胞,并用荧光显微镜、RT-PCR和流式细胞术对CCR7的表达进行鉴定.结果 PCR、酶切及测序结果证明,重组质粒pEGFP-CCR7构建正确,荧光显微镜、RT-PCR及流式细胞术在稳定转染H157细胞中检测到人CCR7的表达.结论 成功构建人CCR7基因真核表达质粒并获得稳定表达人CCR7的H157细胞株.

  15. 人朊蛋白基因真核表达载体的构建及鉴定%Building and identification of prion gene eukaryotic expression vector of human

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海英; 刘亦恒; 费小雯; 易西南; 吴多庆

    2014-01-01

    Objective To constructan eukaryotic expression recombinant plasmid named pEGFP-N2-PRNP .Methods Total RNA was extracted from alzheimer (AD) disease peripheral blood ,and the PRNP gene was amplified by reverse transcription-poly-merase chain reaction(RT-PCR) .By using gene recombination technique ,human PRNP cDNA was inserted into retroviral vector pEGFP-N2 .The recombinant plasmid was identified by a pair of specified primers containing the restriction sites of Xho Ⅰ and EcoRⅠ .Results The PRNP gene could be obtained by RT-PCR ,the recombinant plasmid was identified by restriction endonucle-ase analysis ,PCR and sequence analysis ,and the expression vector pEGFP-N2-PRNP ,which could be stably expressed in SH-SY5Y cells .Conclusion The recombinant plasmid pEGFP-N2-PRNP is constructed successfully ,Which offers a basic for the further re-search on PRNP biological fuction .%目的:构建人朊蛋白基因(PRN P )真核表达重组质粒。方法从阿尔茨海默病(AD )患者外周血白细胞中提取总RNA ,利用RT-PCR的方法扩增编码人PRNP的基因片段,应用基因重组技术将人 PRNP基因片段克隆到真核表达载体pEG-FP-N2中,经XhoⅠ及EcoRⅠ双酶切、单酶切及基因序列测定证实所构建的载体。结果 RT-PCR方法获得人PRNP的基因片段,限制性内切酶酶切分析、PCR法及序列测定证实为正确重组质粒,并且该重组载体能够在SH-SY5Y细胞中表达。结论构建的真核表达重组质粒pEGFP-N2-PRNP通过鉴定,结构正确,为后续研究PRNP的生物学功能奠定了基础。

  16. Potent and specific inhibition of SARS-CoV antigen expression by RNA interference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAO Peng; ZHANG Jun; TANG Ni; ZHANG Bing-qiang; HE Tong-chuan; HUANG Ai-long

    2005-01-01

    Background Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV. There are no effective antiviral drugs for SARS although the epidemic of SARS was controlled. The aim of this study was to develop an RNAi (RNA interference) approach that specifically targeted the N gene sequence of severe acute respiratory syndrome associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) by synthesizing short hairpin RNA (shRNA) in vivo, and to assess the inhibitory effect of this shRNA on SARS-CoV N antigen expression. Methods The eukaryotic expression plasmid pEGFP-C1-N, containing SARS-CoV N gene, was co-transfected into 293 cells with either the RNAi plasmid pshRNA-N or unrelated control plasmid pshRNA-HBV-C4. At 24, 48 and 72 hours post transfection, the green fluorescence was observed through a fluorescence microscope. The RNA levels of SARS-CoV N were determined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The expression of Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) and protein N were detected using Western blot.Results The vector, pshRNA-N expressing shRNA which targeted the N gene of SARS-CoV, was successfully constructed. The introduction of RNAi plasmid efficiently and specifically inhibited the synthesis of protein N. RT-PCR showed that RNAs of N gene were clearly reduced when the pEGFP-C1-N was cotransfected with pshRNA-N, whereas the control vector did not exhibit inhibitory effect on N gene transcription.Conclusions Our results demonstrate that RNAi mediated silencing of SARS-CoV gene could effectively inhibit expression of SARS-CoV antigen, hence RNAi based strategy should be further explored as a more efficacious antiviral therapy of SARS-CoV infection.

  17. Enhanced gene expression promoted by hybrid magnetic/cationic block copolymer micelles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haladjova, E; Rangelov, S; Tsvetanov, Ch B; Posheva, V; Peycheva, E; Maximova, V; Momekova, D; Mountrichas, G; Pispas, S; Bakandritsos, A

    2014-07-15

    We report on novel gene delivery vector systems based on hybrid polymer-magnetic micelles. The hybrid micelles were prepared by codissolution of hydrophobically surface modified iron oxide and amphiphilic polystyrene-b-poly(quaternized 2-vinylpyridine) block copolymer (PS-b-P2QVP) in organic solvent. After extensive dialysis against water, micelles with positively charged hydrophilic corona of PQVP and hydrophobic PS core were prepared, in which magnetic nanoparticles were randomly distributed. The hybrid micelles were used to form complexes with linear (salmon sperm, 2000 bp, corresponding to M(w) of 1.32 × 10(6) Da) and plasmid (pEGFP-N1, 4730 bp, corresponding to M(w) of 3.12 × 10(6) Da) DNA. The resulting magnetopolyplexes of phosphate:amine (P/N) ratios in the 0.05-20 range were characterized by light scattering, ζ-potential measurements, and transmission electron microscopy as well as cytotoxicity and gel retardation assays. The investigated systems displayed a narrow size distribution, particle dimensions below 360 nm, whereas their ζ-potential values varied from positive to negative depending of the P/N ratio. The resulting vector nanosystems exhibited low toxicity. They were able to introduce pEGFP-N1 molecules into the cells. The application of a magnetic field markedly boosted the transgene expression efficiency of the magnetopolyplexes, which was even superior to those of commercial transfectants such as Lipofectamine and dendritic polyethylenimine. PMID:24945823

  18. Transgenic Expression of a Single Transcription Factor Pdx1 Induces Transdifferentiation of Pancreatic Acinar Cells to Endocrine Cells in Adult Mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyazaki, Satsuki; Tashiro, Fumi; Miyazaki, Jun-Ichi

    2016-01-01

    A promising approach to new diabetes therapies is to generate β cells from other differentiated pancreatic cells in vivo. Because the acinar cells represent the most abundant cell type in the pancreas, an attractive possibility is to reprogram acinar cells into β cells. The transcription factor Pdx1 (Pancreas/duodenum homeobox protein 1) is essential for pancreatic development and cell lineage determination. Our objective is to examine whether exogenous expression of Pdx1 in acinar cells of adult mice might induce reprogramming of acinar cells into β cells. We established a transgenic mouse line in which Pdx1 and EGFP (enhanced green fluorescent protein) could be inducibly expressed in the acinar cells. After induction of Pdx1, we followed the acinar cells for their expression of exocrine and endocrine markers using cell-lineage tracing with EGFP. The acinar cell-specific expression of Pdx1 in adult mice reprogrammed the acinar cells as endocrine precursor cells, which migrated into the pancreatic islets and differentiated into insulin-, somatostatin-, or PP (pancreatic polypeptide)-producing endocrine cells, but not into glucagon-producing cells. When the mice undergoing such pancreatic reprogramming were treated with streptozotocin (STZ), the newly generated insulin-producing cells were able to ameliorate STZ-induced diabetes. This paradigm of in vivo reprogramming indicates that acinar cells hold promise as a source for new islet cells in regenerative therapies for diabetes. PMID:27526291

  19. Transgenic Expression of a Single Transcription Factor Pdx1 Induces Transdifferentiation of Pancreatic Acinar Cells to Endocrine Cells in Adult Mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyazaki, Satsuki; Tashiro, Fumi; Miyazaki, Jun-ichi

    2016-01-01

    A promising approach to new diabetes therapies is to generate β cells from other differentiated pancreatic cells in vivo. Because the acinar cells represent the most abundant cell type in the pancreas, an attractive possibility is to reprogram acinar cells into β cells. The transcription factor Pdx1 (Pancreas/duodenum homeobox protein 1) is essential for pancreatic development and cell lineage determination. Our objective is to examine whether exogenous expression of Pdx1 in acinar cells of adult mice might induce reprogramming of acinar cells into β cells. We established a transgenic mouse line in which Pdx1 and EGFP (enhanced green fluorescent protein) could be inducibly expressed in the acinar cells. After induction of Pdx1, we followed the acinar cells for their expression of exocrine and endocrine markers using cell-lineage tracing with EGFP. The acinar cell-specific expression of Pdx1 in adult mice reprogrammed the acinar cells as endocrine precursor cells, which migrated into the pancreatic islets and differentiated into insulin-, somatostatin-, or PP (pancreatic polypeptide)-producing endocrine cells, but not into glucagon-producing cells. When the mice undergoing such pancreatic reprogramming were treated with streptozotocin (STZ), the newly generated insulin-producing cells were able to ameliorate STZ-induced diabetes. This paradigm of in vivo reprogramming indicates that acinar cells hold promise as a source for new islet cells in regenerative therapies for diabetes. PMID:27526291

  20. Feline Neural Progenitor Cells II: Use of Novel Plasmid Vector and Hybrid Promoter to Drive Expression of Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Transgene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Joann You

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Sustained transgene expression is required for the success of cell transplant-based gene therapy. Most widely used are lentiviral-based vectors which integrate into the host genome and thereby maintain sustained transgene expression. This requires integration into the nuclear genome, and potential risks include activation of oncogenes and inactivation of tumor suppressor genes. Plasmids have been used; however lack of sustained expression presents an additional challenge. Here we used the pCAG-PyF101-eGFP plasmid to deliver the human GDNF gene to cat neural progenitor cells (cNPCs. This vector consists of a CAGG composite promoter linked to the polyoma virus mutant enhancer PyF101. Expression of an episomal eGFP reporter and GDNF transgene were stably maintained by the cells, even following induction of differentiation. These genetically modified cells appear suitable for use in allogeneic models of cell-based delivery of GDNF in the cat and may find veterinary applications should such strategies prove clinically beneficial.

  1. Regulation of ADAM12 cell-surface expression by protein kinase C epsilon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sundberg, Christina; Thodeti, Charles Kumar; Kveiborg, Marie;

    2004-01-01

    constitutively active protein. However, little is known about the regulation of ADAM12 cell-surface translocation. Here, we used human RD rhabdomyosarcoma cells, which express ADAM12 at the cell surface, in a temporal pattern. We report that protein kinase C (PKC) epsilon induces ADAM12 translocation to the cell......The ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) family consists of multidomain cell-surface proteins that have a major impact on cell behavior. These transmembrane-anchored proteins are synthesized as proforms that have (from the N terminus): a prodomain; a metalloprotease-, disintegrin......-immunoprecipitated from membrane-enriched fractions of PMA-treated cells, 3) RD cells transfected with EGFP-tagged, myristoylated PKCepsilon expressed more ADAM12 at the cell surface than did non-transfected cells, and 4) RD cells transfected with a kinase-inactive PKCepsilon mutant did not exhibit ADAM12 cell...

  2. PLSCR1真核表达载体的构建及细胞内定位分析%Construction of the eukaryotic expression vector of PLSCR1 and analysis of its intracellular localization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王远; 陈英; 张学清; 陈忠民; 田喜凤; 陈晶

    2015-01-01

    分别构建带有myc标签和GFP荧光蛋白的磷脂爬行酶1(PLSCR1)真核表达载体,获得两个融合表达载体,并转入HEK293细胞观察表达情况及细胞内定位,为研究PLSCR1的定位与功能的关系奠定基础。以本实验室保存的Hela cDNA文库为模板,采用PCR技术扩增PLSCR1编码序列,将其分别插入pCMV-Myc-N和pEGFP-C1载体, Western blotting检测其在HEK293中的表达,采用激光共聚焦观察pEGFP-C1融合表达载体在HEK293细胞中定位。通过DNA序列分析,证实了成功构建了PLSCR1真核表达载体,并能在HEK293细胞中实现基因的过表达。成功构建PLSCR1真核表达载体,为进一步研究其功能奠定了基础。%Two eukaryotic expression vectors of phospholipid scramblase 1(PLSCR1)with myc-tag or Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP), were constructed to obtain two fusion expression vectors, which were transfected to HEK293 cell, to observe the expression and cellular localization. The results would lay a foundation for the study of PLSCR1 gene localization and functional relationships. Hela cDNA library preserved in our laboratory was used as template, the PLSCR1 coding sequence was amplified by PCR and respectively inserted into the vector pCMV-Myc-N and pEGFP-C1. The epression was detected in HEK293 by Western blotting and localization of pEGFP-C1 fusion expression vector in HEK293 cells by laser scanning confocal microscopy. As results, the eukaryotic expression vector of PLSCR1 was successfully constructed by the DNA sequence analysis, and over expressed genes in HEK293 cells. It makes good foundation for further study of functions by successfully constructing eukaryotic expression vector of PLSCR1.

  3. Endoplasmic reticulum stress response in an INS-1 pancreatic β-cell line with inducible expression of a folding-deficient proinsulin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lai Elida

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cells respond to endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress by activating the unfolded protein response. To study the ER stress response in pancreatic β-cells we developed a model system that allows for pathophysiological ER stress based on the Akita mouse. This mouse strain expresses a mutant insulin 2 gene (C96Y, which prevents normal proinsulin folding causing ER stress and eventual β-cell apoptosis. A double-stable pancreatic β-cell line (pTet-ON INS-1 with inducible expression of insulin 2 (C96Y fused to EGFP was generated to study the ER stress response. Results Expression of Ins 2 (C96Y-EGFP resulted in activation of the ER stress pathways (PERK, IRE1 and ATF6 and caused dilation of the ER. To identify gene expression changes resulting from mutant insulin expression we performed microarray expression profiling and real time PCR experiments. We observed an induction of various ER chaperone, co-chaperone and ER-associated degradation genes after 24 h and an increase in pro-apoptotic genes (Chop and Trib3 following 48 h of mutant insulin expression. The latter changes occurred at a time when general apoptosis was detected in the cell population, although the relative amount of cell death was low. Inhibiting the proteasome or depleting Herp protein expression increased mutant insulin levels and enhanced cell apoptosis, indicating that ER-associated degradation is maintaining cell survival. Conclusions The inducible mutant insulin expressing cell model has allowed for the identification of the ER stress response in β-cells and the repertoire of genes/proteins induced is unique to this cell type. ER-associated degradation is essential in maintaining cell survival in cells expressing mutant insulin. This cell model will be useful for the molecular characterization of ER stress-induced genes.

  4. Upregulation of human telomerase reverse transcriptase mRNA expression by in vitro transfection of hepatitis B virus X gene into human hepatocarcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhen-Liang Qu; Sheng-Quan Zou; Nai-Qiang Cui; Xian-Zhong Wu; Ming-Fang Qin; Di Kong; Zhen-Li Zhou

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To study the changes of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) mRNA expression in human hepatocarcinoma cell lines (HepG2) and cholangiocarcinoma cell lines (QBC939) after HBx gene transfection and to illustrate the significance of transcriptional regulation of hTERT gene by HBx gene in the carcinogenesis.METHODS: HepG2 and QBC939 cell lines were cultured and co-transfected with eukaryotic expression vector containing the HBx coding region and cloning vector containing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) coding sequence using lipid-mediated gene transduction technique. Thirty-six hours after transfection, EGFP expression in cells was used as the indicator of successful transfection. Flow cytometry was performed to determine the transfection efficiency.Cells were harvested and total RNA was extracted using TRIzol() reagent. The expression of hTERT mRNA in HepG2and QBC939 cell lines was assayed by reverse transcriptionpolymerase chain reaction. The expression of HBx protein in both cell lines was detected by immunocytochemical staining and Western blotting.RESULTS: Flow cytometry showed that the transfection efficiency was 46.4% in HepG2 cells and 29.6% in QBC939cells for both HBx gene expression vector and blank vector. The expression of hTERT mRNA was meaningfully increased in HepG2 and QBC939 cell lines when transfected with HBx gene expression vector compared to those transfected with OPTI-MEM medium and blank vector.Immunocytochemical staining and Western blotting revealed HBx protein expression in HepG2 and QBC939cells only when transfected with HBx gene.CONCLUSION: HBx gene transfection can upregulate the transcriptional expression of hTERT mRNA. The transactivation of hTERT gene by HBx gene is a newfound mechanism for pathogenesis of hepatocarcinomas and cholangiocarcinomas after HBV infection.

  5. Efficient cell-free expression with the endogenous E. Coli RNA polymerase and sigma factor 70

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noireaux Vincent

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Escherichia coli cell-free expression systems use bacteriophage RNA polymerases, such as T7, to synthesize large amounts of recombinant proteins. These systems are used for many applications in biotechnology, such as proteomics. Recently, informational processes have been reconstituted in vitro with cell-free systems. These synthetic approaches, however, have been seriously limited by a lack of transcription modularity. The current available cell-free systems have been optimized to work with bacteriophage RNA polymerases, which put significant restrictions to engineer processes related to biological information. The development of efficient cell-free systems with broader transcription capabilities is required to study complex informational processes in vitro. Results In this work, an efficient cell-free expression system that uses the endogenous E. coli RNA polymerase only and sigma factor 70 for transcription was prepared. Approximately 0.75 mg/ml of Firefly luciferase and enhanced green fluorescent protein were produced in batch mode. A plasmid was optimized with different regulatory parts to increase the expression. In addition, a new eGFP was engineered that is more translatable in cell-free systems than the original eGFP. The protein production was characterized with three different adenosine triphosphate (ATP regeneration systems: creatine phosphate (CP, phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP, and 3-phosphoglyceric acid (3-PGA. The maximum protein production was obtained with 3-PGA. Preparation of the crude extract was streamlined to a simple routine procedure that takes 12 hours including cell culture. Conclusions Although it uses the endogenous E. coli transcription machinery, this cell-free system can produce active proteins in quantities comparable to bacteriophage systems. The E. coli transcription provides much more possibilities to engineer informational processes in vitro. Many E. coli promoters/operators specific to sigma

  6. Construction, expression and activity detection of the recombinant plasmids of acid-sensing ion channels genes%酸敏感离子通道基因重组质粒的构建、表达及其活性测定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏敬敬; 董强

    2009-01-01

    To construct the recombinant plasmids containing the full length cDNA of mouse ASICi a and ASIC2a genes and to express ASICI a and ASIC2a fusion proteins with biological activity, the full length eDNA of mouse ASICI a and ASIC2a genes were obtained by RT-PCR and cloned into the eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N3 respectively in the present study. Then, recombinant plasmids pEGFP-ASIC1a and pEGFP-ASIC2a were constructed. After identified by DNA sequencing,the recombinant plasmids were transfected into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells respectively with lipofectamine reagent. The distribution of the fusion protein expression in the cells was detected by fluorescence microscope and Western-blot after transfection. After the celts wth recombinant plasmids were acidified, cell viability and LDH release were determined to evaluate the biological activity of fusion protein. Our results showed that the full length cDNA of mouse ASIC1a and ASIC2a genes had been cloned into the vector pEGFP-N3 and transfected into CHO cells. Obvious green fluorescence was de-tected around CHO cell membrane with recombinant plasmids. Western blot showed that ASIC1a and ASIC2a fusion proteins were respec-tively expressed at about 90 kD and 88 kD. Compared with pH7.4-treated cells, cell viability was reduced and LDH release increased sig-nificantly in the acidified ceils with recombinant plasmids, which could be inhibited by ASICs blockers. The present results suggest that the recombinant plasmids containing the full length cDNA of mouse pEGFP-AS1C1a and pEGFP-ASIC2a genes were successfully construc-ted and expressed with biological activity in CHO cells.%为了构建含有小鼠酸敏感离子通道(ASIC1a、ASIC2a)基因全长eDNA的重组质粒,并表达有生物学活性的ASIC1a和ASIC2a融合蛋白,本研究通过逆转录聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)分别获得小鼠ASIC1a和ASIC2a全长cDNA,并将其克隆人真核表达载体pEGFP-N3中,构建含小鼠全长ASIC1a和ASIC2a基因的重组质粒pEGFP

  7. Expression of transgenes targeted to the Gt(ROSA26Sor locus is orientation dependent.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Strathdee

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Targeting transgenes to a chosen location in the genome has a number of advantages. A single copy of the DNA construct can be inserted by targeting into regions of chromatin that allow the desired developmental and tissue-specific expression of the transgene. METHODOLOGY: In order to develop a reliable system for reproducibly expressing transgenes it was decided to insert constructs at the Gt(ROSA26Sor locus. A cytomegalovirus (CMV promoter was used to drive expression of the Tetracycline (tet transcriptional activator, rtTA2(s-M2, and test the effectiveness of using the ROSA26 locus to allow transgene expression. The tet operator construct was inserted into one allele of ROSA26 and a tet responder construct controlling expression of EGFP was inserted into the other allele. CONCLUSIONS: Expression of the targeted transgenes was shown to be affected by both the presence of selectable marker cassettes and by the orientation of the transgenes with respect to the endogenous ROSA26 promoter. These results suggest that transcriptional interference from the endogenous gene promoter or from promoters in the selectable marker cassettes may be affecting transgene expression at the locus. Additionally we have been able to determine the optimal orientation for transgene expression at the ROSA26 locus.

  8. Expression of GFP in tumor cells and fluorescent examination by confocal microscope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Ying; Xing, Da; Xu, Chaoyang

    2002-04-01

    The green fluorescent protein (GFP), from the bioluminescent jellyfish Aequorea victoria, yields a bright green fluorescence when expressed in either eukaryotic or prokaryotic cells and illuminated by blue or UV light. The characteristic properties of GFP make this protein a good candidate for use as a molecular reporter to monitor patterns of protein localization, gene expression, and intracellular protein trafficking in living cells. In this study, the plasmid EGFP encoding GFP was used to transfect SWO cells (a cancer cell line of nerve gelatinous tissue) mediated by liposome: (1) The plasmid EGFP-C1, purchased from Clontech Co., propagated in suitable E. coli strain (JM 109), was extracted by Concert High Purity Plasmid Miniprep (Gibco). (2) SWO was cultured in RPMI 1640 (10% FCS and 25 mM HEPES), 37 degree(s)C, 5% CO2. Cancer cells were transfected in 6-cm tissue culture dishes by Lipofectin Reagent (Gibco) for 6-12 hr using 2 ug DNA. (3) Then, infected cells were collected in medium containing 800 ug/ml G418, and the resistant clones were harvested and subcloned in fresh culture medium maintaining 800 ug/ml G418. (4) The cells were examined by using Nikon fluorescent microscope (E600) and Bio-Rad confocal microscope (MRC 600). (5) Next step, the cancer cells, stably expressing GFP after in vivo transduction, were implanted by surgical orthotopic implantation (SOI) in nude mice. Tracking of these cancer cells will become more sensitive and rapid than the traditional procedure of histopathological examination or immunohistochemistry. This method demonstrates external, noninvasive, whole-body, real-time fluorescence optical imaging of internally growing tumors and metastases in transplanted animals.

  9. Dual-color fluorescence imaging to monitor CYP3A4 and CYP3A7 expression in human hepatic carcinoma HepG2 and HepaRG cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saori Tsuji

    Full Text Available Human adult hepatocytes expressing CYP3A4, a major cytochrome P450 enzyme, are required for cell-based assays to evaluate the potential risk of drug-drug interactions caused by transcriptional induction of P450 enzymes in early-phase drug discovery and development. However, CYP3A7 is preferentially expressed in premature hepatoblasts and major hepatic carcinoma cell lines. The human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepaRG possesses a high self-renewal capacity and can differentiate into hepatic cells similar to human adult hepatocytes in vitro. Transgenic HepaRG cells, in which the expression of fluorescent reporters is regulated by 35 kb regulatory elements of CYP3A4, have a distinct advantage over human hepatocytes isolated by collagenase perfusion, which are unstable in culture. Thus, we created transgenic HepaRG and HepG2 cells by replacing the protein-coding regions of human CYP3A4 and CYP3A7 with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP and DsRed reporters, respectively, in a bacterial artificial chromosome vector that included whole regulatory elements. The intensity of DsRed fluorescence was initially high during the proliferation of transgenic HepaRG cells. However, most EGFP-positive cells were derived from those in which DsRed fluorescence was extinguished. Comparative analyses in these transgenic clones showed that changes in the total fluorescence intensity of EGFP reflected fold changes in the mRNA level of endogenous CYP3A4. Moreover, CYP3A4 induction was monitored by the increase in EGFP fluorescence. Thus, this assay provides a real-time evaluation system for quality assurance of hepatic differentiation into CYP3A4-expressing cells, unfavourable CYP3A4 induction, and fluorescence-activated cell sorting-mediated enrichment of CYP3A4-expressing hepatocytes based on the total fluorescence intensities of fluorescent reporters, without the need for many time-consuming steps.

  10. Recombinant protein expression by targeting pre-selected chromosomal loci

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    Krömer Wolfgang

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recombinant protein expression in mammalian cells is mostly achieved by stable integration of transgenes into the chromosomal DNA of established cell lines. The chromosomal surroundings have strong influences on the expression of transgenes. The exploitation of defined loci by targeting expression constructs with different regulatory elements is an approach to design high level expression systems. Further, this allows to evaluate the impact of chromosomal surroundings on distinct vector constructs. Results We explored antibody expression upon targeting diverse expression constructs into previously tagged loci in CHO-K1 and HEK293 cells that exhibit high reporter gene expression. These loci were selected by random transfer of reporter cassettes and subsequent screening. Both, retroviral infection and plasmid transfection with eGFP or antibody expression cassettes were employed for tagging. The tagged cell clones were screened for expression and single copy integration. Cell clones producing > 20 pg/cell in 24 hours could be identified. Selected integration sites that had been flanked with heterologous recombinase target sites (FRTs were targeted by Flp recombinase mediated cassette exchange (RMCE. The results give proof of principle for consistent protein expression upon RMCE. Upon targeting antibody expression cassettes 90-100% of all resulting cell clones showed correct integration. Antibody production was found to be highly consistent within the individual cell clones as expected from their isogenic nature. However, the nature and orientation of expression control elements revealed to be critical. The impact of different promoters was examined with the tag-and-targeting approach. For each of the chosen promoters high expression sites were identified. However, each site supported the chosen promoters to a different extent, indicating that the strength of a particular promoter is dominantly defined by its chromosomal context

  11. Establishment of A Malignant Pleural Effusion Mouse Model with Lewis Lung 
Carcinoma Cell Lines Expressing Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xingqun MA

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Malignant pleural effusion (MPE is a poor prognosis factor in patients with advanced lung cancer. The aim of this study is to establish a mouse model of MPE using Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC cell lines expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP. Methods The mouse model was created by injecting LLC-EGFP cells directly into the pleural cavity of mice that were sacrificed periodically. The dynamic growth and metastasis of tumor cells were screened using in vivo fluorescence imaging. The remaining mice were subjected to transverse computed tomography (CT imaging periodically to analyze the formation rate of pleural effusion. The survival rate and tumor metastasis were also observed. Pleural fluid was gently aspirated using a 1 mL syringe and its volume was measured. When two or more mice bore pleural effusion at the same time, we calculated the average volume. The correlation of pleural effusion with the integrated optical density (IOD were analyzed. Results Four days after the inoculation of LLC-EGFP cells, green fluorescence was observed by opening the chest wall. The tumor formation rate was 100%, and the IOD gradually increased after inoculation. The metastasis sites were mediastinal, and the hilar lymph nodes were contralateral pleural as well as pericardial. The metastasis rates were 87%, 73% and 20%, respectively. The CT scan revealed that the formation rates of pleural effusion on days 7, 14 and 21 were 13%, 46% and 53%, respectively. The average volume of pleural effusion increased obviously on day 10 and peaked on day 16 with a value of 0.5 mL. The mean survival time of nude mice was 28.8 days. The volume of pleural effusion and IOD were significantly correlated (r=0.91, P<0.000,1. Conclusion A mouse model of lung cancer malignant pleural effusion was successfully established by injecting LLC lines expressing EGFP into the pleural cavity under a microscope. The model can enable dynamic observations of the

  12. Functional Characterization of the Mannitol Promoter of Pseudomonas fluorescens DSM 50106 and Its Application for a Mannitol-Inducible Expression System for Pseudomonas putida KT2440.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Hoffmann

    Full Text Available A new pBBR1MCS-2-derived vector containing the Pseudomonas fluorescens DSM10506 mannitol promoter PmtlE and mtlR encoding its AraC/XylS type transcriptional activator was constructed and optimized for low basal expression. Mannitol, arabitol, and glucitol-inducible gene expression was demonstrated with Pseudomonas putida and eGFP as reporter gene. The new vector was applied for functional characterization of PmtlE. Identification of the DNA binding site of MtlR was achieved by in vivo eGFP measurement with PmtlE wild type and mutants thereof. Moreover, purified MtlR was applied for detailed in vitro investigations using electrophoretic mobility shift assays and DNaseI footprinting experiments. The obtained data suggest that MtlR binds to PmtlE as a dimer. The proposed DNA binding site of MtlR is AGTGC-N5-AGTAT-N7-AGTGC-N5-AGGAT. The transcription activation mechanism includes two binding sites with different binding affinities, a strong upstream binding site and a weaker downstream binding site. The presence of the weak downstream binding site was shown to be necessary to sustain mannitol-inducibility of PmtlE. Two possible functions of mannitol are discussed; the effector might stabilize binding of the second monomer to the downstream half site or promote transcription activation by inducing a conformational change of the regulator that influences the contact to the RNA polymerase.

  13. G-patch domain containing 2, a gene highly expressed in testes, inhibits nuclear factor-κB and cell proliferation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Fen; Gou, Lixia; Liu, Qing; Zhang, Wendian; Luo, Mengmeng; Zhang, Xiujun

    2015-02-01

    G-patch domain containing 2 (GPATC2), a human gene that is highly expressed in the testes, was implicated as a novel cancer/testis antigen. The present study investigated GPATC2 expression in a number of human cell lines and rat tissues, and its potential biological function in 293T cells. Semi‑quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that GPATC2 was widely expressed in 15 human cell lines (representing different lineages) and in 11 different rat tissues, and that the GPATC2 mRNA relative expression level was significantly higher in the testis than it was in other tissues. 293T cells were transiently transfected with GPATC2-p enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)‑N1 or GPATC2-pEGFP-C3 and the nuclei were stained with 4',6'‑diamidino‑2‑phenylindole. The results showed that GPATC2 is predominantly expressed in the nucleus of 293T cells. Overexpression of GPATC2 may inhibit transcription of the NF-κB reporter gene. The role of GPATC2 in proliferation was analyzed with cell counting kit-8, colony-forming efficiency and flow cytometry assays. The results indicated that over‑expression of GPATC2 in 293T cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation by decreasing the number of cells in S phase. By contrast, GPATC2 knockdown by RNA interference exhibited the opposite effect, suggesting that GPATC2 may be involved in inhibiting G1-S phase transition in 293T cells. In conclusion, these results provide novel insight into the breadth of expression of GPATC2 and its role in cell proliferation.

  14. Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor-1 (S1P1) is expressed by lymphocytes, dendritic cells, and endothelium and modulated during inflammatory bowel disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karuppuchamy, Thangaraj; Behrens, En-hui; González-Cabrera, Pedro; Sarkisyan, Gor; Gima, Lauren; Boyer, Joshua D.; Bamias, Giorgos; Jedlicka, Paul; Veny, Marisol; Clark, David; Peach, Robert; Scott, Fiona; Rosen, Hugh; Rivera-Nieves, Jesús

    2016-01-01

    The sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor-1 (S1P1) agonist ozanimod ameliorates ulcerative colitis, yet its mechanism of action is unknown. Here we examine the cell subsets that express S1P1 in intestine using S1P1-eGFP mice, the regulation of S1P1 expression in lymphocytes after administration of DSS, after colitis induced by transfer of CD4+CD45RBhi cells and by crossing a mouse with TNF-driven ileitis with S1P1-eGFP mice. We then assayed the expression of enzymes that regulate intestinal S1P levels, and the effect of FTY720 on lymphocyte behavior and S1P1 expression. We found that not only T and B cells express S1P1, but also dendritic (DC) and endothelial cells. Furthermore, chronic but not acute inflammatory signals increased S1P1 expression, while the enzymes that control tissue S1P levels in mice and humans with IBD were uniformly dysregulated, favoring synthesis over degradation. Finally, we observed that FTY720 reduced T cell velocity and induced S1P1 degradation and retention of naïve but not effector T cells. Our data demonstrate that chronic inflammation modulates S1P1 expression and tissue S1P levels and suggests that the anti-inflammatory properties of S1PR agonists might not be solely due to their lymphopenic effects, but also due to potential effects on DC migration and vascular barrier function. PMID:27049060

  15. Generation and characterization of transgenic mice expressing mitochondrial targeted red fluorescent protein selectively in neurons: modeling mitochondriopathy in excitotoxicity and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

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    Wang Yi

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mitochondria have roles or appear to have roles in the pathogenesis of several chronic age-related and acute neurological disorders, including Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and cerebral ischemia, and could be critical targets for development of rational mechanism-based, disease-modifying therapeutics for treating these disorders effectively. A deeper understanding of neural tissue mitochondria pathobiologies as definitive mediators of neural injury, disease, and cell death merits further study, and the development of additional tools to study neural mitochondria will help achieve this unmet need. Results We created transgenic mice that express the coral (Discosoma sp. red fluorescent protein DsRed2 specifically in mitochondria of neurons using a construct engineered with a Thy1 promoter, specific for neuron expression, to drive expression of a fusion protein of DsRed2 with a mitochondrial targeting sequence. The biochemical and histological characterization of these mice shows the expression of mitochondrial-targeted DsRed2 to be specific for mitochondria and concentrated in distinct CNS regions, including cerebral cortex, hippocampus, thalamus, brainstem, and spinal cord. Red fluorescent mitochondria were visualized in cerebral cortical and hippocampal pyramidal neurons, ventrobasal thalamic neurons, subthalamic neurons, and spinal motor neurons. For the purpose of proof of principle application, these mice were used in excitotoxicity paradigms and double transgenic mice were generated by crossing Thy1-mitoDsRed2 mice with transgenic mice expressing enhanced-GFP (eGFP under the control of the Hlxb9 promoter that drives eGFP expression specifically in motor neurons and by crossing Thy1-mitoDsRed2 mice to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS mice expressing human mutant superoxide dismutase-1. Conclusions These novel transgenic mice will be a useful tool for better understanding

  16. Construction of eukaryotic expression vector and expression of stage-specific gene T314 from newborn larvae of Trichinella spiralis%旋毛虫新生幼虫期特异性T314基因真核表达质粒的构建及表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于建立; 白雪; 吴秀萍; 刘明远

    2012-01-01

    目的 构建旋毛虫(Trichinella spirais)新生幼虫期特异性T314基因真核表达质粒,并在BHK细胞中进行表达.方法 从旋毛虫新生幼虫RNA中通过RT-PCR技术扩增无信号肽T314全长基因,定向克隆至真核表达载体pEGFP-N1中,构建重组真核表达质粒T314-pEGFP-N1,脂质体法转染BHK细胞,荧光显微镜观察EGFP的表达,Western blot检测T314融合蛋白的表达.结果 重组真核表达质粒T314-pEGFP-N1经双酶切及测序证实构建正确;转染的BHK细胞48 h转染效率最高;表达的T314融合蛋白可与旋毛虫感染的猪血清发生特异性反应.结论 已成功构建了T314基因重组真核表达质粒T314-pEGFP-N1,并在BHK细胞中融合表达,为进一步研究旋毛虫包囊形成机制奠定了基础.%Objective To construct a eukaryotic expression vector for stage-specific gene T314 from newborn larvae of Trichinella spiralis and express in BHK cells. Methods Signal peptide-free full-length T314 gene was amplified from RNA of newborn larvae of T. Spiralis by RT-PCR and cloned into eukaryotic expression vector Pegfp-Nl. BHK cells were transfected with the constructed recombinant plasmid T314-Pegfp-Nl in mediation of Hposome, then observed for expression of EGFP by fluorescent microscopy, and for that of T314 fusion protein by Western blot. Results Restriction analysis and sequencing proved that recombinant plasmid T314-Pegfp-Nl was constructed correctly. The transfection efficacy of BHK cells reached the maximum 48 h after transfection. The expressed T314 fusion protein showed specific reaction with porcine serum infected with T. Spiralis. Conclusion The recombinant eukaryotic expression vector T314-Pegfp-Nl for T314 gene was successfully constructed, and fusion protein was expressed in BHK cells, which laid a foundation of further study on mechanism of nurse cell formation of T. Spiralis.

  17. Serial bone marrow transplantation reveals in vivo expression of the pCLPG retroviral vector

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    Fratini Paula

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Gene therapy in the hematopoietic system remains promising, though certain aspects of vector design, such as transcriptional control elements, continue to be studied. Our group has developed a retroviral vector where transgene expression is controlled by p53 with the intention of harnessing the dynamic and inducible nature of this tumor suppressor and transcription factor. We present here a test of in vivo expression provided by the p53-responsive vector, pCLPG. For this, we used a model of serial transplantation of transduced bone marrow cells. Results We observed, by flow cytometry, that the eGFP transgene was expressed at higher levels when the pCLPG vector was used as compared to the parental pCL retrovirus, where expression is directed by the native MoMLV LTR. Expression from the pCLPG vector was longer lasting, but did decay along with each sequential transplant. The detection of eGFP-positive cells containing either vector was successful only in the bone marrow compartment and was not observed in peripheral blood, spleen or thymus. Conclusions These findings indicate that the p53-responsive pCLPG retrovirus did offer expression in vivo and at a level that surpassed the non-modified, parental pCL vector. Our results indicate that the pCLPG platform may provide some advantages when applied in the hematopoietic system.

  18. Minicircle DNA Provides Enhanced and Prolonged Transgene Expression Following Airway Gene Transfer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munye, Mustafa M; Tagalakis, Aristides D; Barnes, Josephine L; Brown, Rachel E; McAnulty, Robin J; Howe, Steven J; Hart, Stephen L

    2016-01-01

    Gene therapy for cystic fibrosis using non-viral, plasmid-based formulations has been the subject of intensive research for over two decades but a clinically viable product has yet to materialise in large part due to inefficient transgene expression. Minicircle DNA give enhanced and more persistent transgene expression compared to plasmid DNA in a number of organ systems but has not been assessed in the lung. In this study we compared minicircle DNA with plasmid DNA in transfections of airway epithelial cells. In vitro, luciferase gene expression from minicircles was 5-10-fold higher than with plasmid DNA. In eGFP transfections in vitro both the mean fluorescence intensity and percentage of cells transfected was 2-4-fold higher with minicircle DNA. Administration of equimolar amounts of DNA to mouse lungs resulted in a reduced inflammatory response and more persistent transgene expression, with luciferase activity persisting for 2 weeks from minicircle DNA compared to plasmid formulations. Transfection of equal mass amounts of DNA in mouse lungs resulted in a 6-fold increase in transgene expression in addition to more persistent transgene expression. Our findings have clear implications for gene therapy of airway disorders where plasmid DNA transfections have so far proven inefficient in clinical trials. PMID:26975732

  19. Pbx-dependent regulation of lbx gene expression in developing zebrafish embryos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukowski, Chris M; Drummond, Danna Lynne; Waskiewicz, Andrew J

    2011-12-01

    Ladybird (Lbx) homeodomain transcription factors function in neural and muscle development--roles conserved from Drosophila to vertebrates. Lbx expression in mice specifies neural cell types, including dorsally located interneurons and association neurons, within the neural tube. Little, however, is known about the regulation of vertebrate lbx family genes. Here we describe the expression pattern of three zebrafish ladybird genes via mRNA in situ hybridization. Zebrafish lbx genes are expressed in distinct but overlapping regions within the developing neural tube, with strong expression within the hindbrain and spinal cord. The Hox family of transcription factors, in cooperation with cofactors such as Pbx and Meis, regulate hindbrain segmentation during embryogenesis. We have identified a novel regulatory interaction in which lbx1 genes are strongly downregulated in Pbx-depleted embryos. Further, we have produced a transgenic zebrafish line expressing dTomato and EGFP under the control of an lbx1b enhancer--a useful tool to acertain neuron location, migration, and morphology. Using this transgenic strain, we have identified a minimal neural lbx1b enhancer that contains key regulatory elements for expression of this transcription factor.

  20. Identification and Characterization of a Rat Novel Gene RSEP4 Expressed Specifically in Central Nervous System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xi-Dao WANG; Ling-Wei KONG; Zhi-Qin XIE; Yu-Qiu ZHANG; Zhi-Xin LIN; Zhi-Qi ZHAO; Lei YU; Nai-He JING

    2004-01-01

    The low-abundantly expressed genes composed the majorities of the mRNAs expressed in the central nervous system (CNS), and were thought to be important for the normal brain functions. Through differential screening a low-abundance cDNA sublibrary with mRNA from neuropathic pain of chronic constriction injury (CCI) model, we have identified a novel rat gene, rat spinal-cord expression protein 4 gene (RSEP4). The total length ofRSEP4 cDNA is 2006 bp, with a 501 nucleotide open reading frame (ORF) that encodes a 167 amino acid polypeptide. Northern blot revealed that RSEP4 was expressed specifically in the CNS. In situ hybridization showed that the mRNA of RSEP4 was strongly expressed in the CA1, CA2, CA3 and DG regions of hippocampus, the Purkinje cells of cerebellum, and the small sensory neurons of dorsal horn and large motor neurons of ventral horn of spinal cord. Over-expression of RSEP4-EGFP fusion protein in the human embryonic kidney 293T cells showed that RSEP4 protein was mainly localized in the cell cytoplasm. These results suggest that RSEP4 may play some roles in the CNS.

  1. Regulation of endothelial-specific transgene expression by the LacI repressor protein in vivo.

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    Susan K Morton

    Full Text Available Genetically modified mice have played an important part in elucidating gene function in vivo. However, conclusions from transgenic studies may be compromised by complications arising from the site of transgene integration into the genome and, in inducible systems, the non-innocuous nature of inducer molecules. The aim of the present study was to use the vascular system to validate a technique based on the bacterial lac operon system, in which transgene expression can be repressed and de-repressed by an innocuous lactose analogue, IPTG. We have modified an endothelium specific promoter (TIE2 with synthetic LacO sequences and made transgenic mouse lines with this modified promoter driving expression of mutant forms of connexin40 and an independently translated reporter, EGFP. We show that tissue specificity of this modified promoter is retained in the vasculature of transgenic mice in spite of the presence of LacO sequences, and that transgene expression is uniform throughout the endothelium of a range of adult systemic and cerebral arteries and arterioles. Moreover, transgene expression can be consistently down-regulated by crossing the transgenic mice with mice expressing an inhibitor protein LacI(R, and in one transgenic line, transgene expression could be de-repressed rapidly by the innocuous inducer, IPTG. We conclude that the modified bacterial lac operon system can be used successfully to validate transgenic phenotypes through a simple breeding schedule with mice homozygous for the LacI(R protein.

  2. 人雌激素受体β绿色荧光蛋白真核表达载体的构建与表达%Construction of ERβ green fluorescent protein eukaryotic expression vector and its expression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李慧; 安莲效; 郭静; 顾月清

    2011-01-01

    目的 构建人雌激素受体β(EBβ)绿色荧光蛋白(GFP)真核表达载体,并稳定转染乳腺癌MCF-7细胞.方法 通过双酶切将pCMV5-hERβ中的人ERβ cDNA克隆到pEGFP-C3中,构建并鉴定重组质粒pEGFP-hERβ,然后转染乳腺癌MCF-7细胞,采用G418(500 μg/mL)筛选出稳定转染的细胞系,在荧光显微镜下观察融合蛋白质在真核细胞内的表达分布,并采用逆转录-聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)检测ERβ的mRNA转录水平.结果 成功构建重组表达载体pEGFP-hERβ,有效转染并筛选出稳定转染ERβ基因的MCF-7细胞系,外源性ERβ基因在MCF-7细胞中获得了有效转录,并在细胞质和细胞核中均广泛分布.结论 建立了稳定表达ERβ的MCF-7细胞系,为筛选ERβ调节荆和进一步研究ERβ在乳腺癌中的作用及其机制奠定基础.%Purpose To construct a estrogen receptor β (ERβ) green fluorescent protein eukaryotic expression vector and to transfect stably MCF-7 breast cancer cells.Methods The cDNA of human ERβgene was cloned into pEGFP-C3 from pCMV5-hERβ by double digestion to create recombinant plasmid pEGFP-hERβ.The recombinant plasmid was identified and transfected into MCF-7 cells.Then stable transfectants were selected by G418.The expression and localization of ERβ in MCF-7 cells were assayed by fluorescence microscopy.The transcription of ERβ in the stably transfected cells was also examined by RT-PCR.Results The ERβ green fluorescent protein eukaryotic expressio vector was successfully constructed and effectively transfected into MCF-7 cells.Then the stably ERβ-transfected MCF-7 cell line was screened.The transcription of exogenous ERβ in transfected cells was confirmed, and the ERβ was abroad distributed in the cytoplasm and nucleus.Conclusion The stably ERβ-transfected MCF-7 cell line was established.It has provided an important basis for screening ERβ modulators and furtherly investigating the involvement of ERβ in breast cancer as well as its

  3. H5N1禽流感病毒NS1蛋白与干扰素诱导蛋白10表达的相关性研究%Influence of avian influenza virus NS1 protein on the expression of IP-10 in BEAS-2B cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾晓俊; 周剑芳; 王晶钰; 董婕; 薄洪; 李梓; 李魁彪; 蓝雨; 舒跃龙

    2008-01-01

    目的 研究高致病性禽流感(HPAI)H5N1病毒NS1蛋白对干扰素诱导蛋白10(IP-10)的影响.方法 分别将禽流感病毒A/Anhui/1/2005(H5N1)的NS1基因、插入80-84位缺失氨基酸的NS1突变基因及流感病毒A/Puerto Rico/8/1934(H1N1)的NS1基因克隆至真核表达载体pEGFP-N1,转染人支气管上皮细胞BEAS-2B,流式细胞仪检测转染细胞内IP-10的表达情况.结果 与pEGFP-N1对照组相比,三种NS1蛋白均能下调BEAS-2B细胞IP-10的表达(P0.01).结论 A/Anhui/1/2005(H5N1)禽流感病毒单一NS1蛋白能够抑制BEAS-2B细胞IP-10表达,但这并不能完全阐明其与病毒致病性之间的关系.%Objective To investigate the influence of avian influenza virus (AIV) NS1 protein on the expression of interferon-inducible protein 10 (IP-10). Methods NS1 gene from virus A/Anhui/1/2005 (H5N1),NS1 gene inserted with 80-84 amino acids from virus A/Anhui/1/2005(H5N1)and NS1 gene from virus A/Puerto Rico/8/1934 (H1N1) were cloned into the eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1, and transected into BEAS-2Bcells, IP-10 expression level in transected cells was detected by flow cytometry. Results Compared with the control group pEGFP-N1, Expression of these three different NS1 genes can down-regulate the expression of IP-10in BEAS-2B cells, but there is no significant difference as to the lower level among them. Conclusion NS1protein of A/Anhui/1/2005(H5N1) can down-regulate the expression level of IP-10, but this may not clarify its relationship with the virulence of AIV.

  4. A simple, highly efficient method for heterologous expression in mammalian primary neurons using cationic lipid-mediated mRNA transfection

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    Damian J Williams

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Expression of heterologous proteins in adult mammalian neurons is a valuable technique for the study of neuronal function. The postmitotic nature of mature neurons prevents effective DNA transfection using simple, cationic lipid-based methods. Adequate heterologous protein expression is often only achievable using complex techniques that, in many cases, are associated with substantial toxicity. Here, a simple method for high efficiency transfection of mammalian primary neurons using in vitro-transcribed mRNA and the cationic lipid transfection reagent Lipofectamine 2000 is described. Optimal transfection conditions were established in adult mouse dissociated dorsal root ganglion (DRG neurons using a 96-well based luciferase activity assay. Using these conditions, a transfection efficiency of 25% was achieved in DRG neurons transfected with EGFP mRNA. High transfection efficiencies were also obtained in dissociated rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG neurons and mouse cortical and hippocampal cultures. Endogenous Ca2+ currents in EGFP mRNA-transfected SCG neurons were not significantly different from untransfected neurons, which suggested that this technique is well suited for heterologous expression in patch clamp recording experiments. Functional expression of a cannabinoid receptor (CB1R, a G protein inwardly-rectifying K+ channel (GIRK4 and a dominant-negative G protein α-subunit mutant (GoA G203T indicate that the levels of heterologous protein expression attainable using mRNA transfection are suitable for most functional protein studies. This study demonstrates that mRNA transfection is a straightforward and effective method for heterologous expression in neurons and is likely to have many applications in neuroscience research.

  5. Adenovirus-mediated Foxp3 expression in lung epithelial cells reduces airway inflammation in ovalbumin and cockroach-induced asthma model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Soojin; Chung, Hwan-Suck; Shin, Dasom; Jung, Kyung-Hwa; Lee, Hyunil; Moon, Junghee; Bae, Hyunsu

    2016-01-01

    Foxp3 is a master regulator of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T-cell (Treg) function and is also a suppressor of SKP2 and HER2/ErbB2. There are an increasing number of reports describing the functions of Foxp3 in cell types other than Tregs. In this context, we evaluated the functions of Foxp3 in ovalbumin- and cockroach-induced asthma models. Foxp3-EGFP-expressing adenovirus or EGFP control adenovirus was administered intratracheally (i.t.), followed by challenge with ovalbumin (OVA) or cockroach extract to induce asthma. Th2 cytokine and immune cell profiles of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), as well as serum IgE levels, were analyzed. Histological analyses were also conducted to demonstrate the effects of Foxp3 expression on airway remodeling, goblet cell hyperplasia and inflammatory responses in the lung. Adenoviral Foxp3 was expressed only in lung epithelial cells, and not in CD4(+) or CD8(+) cells. BALF from Foxp3 gene-delivered mice showed significantly reduced numbers of total immune cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages and lymphocytes in response to cockroach allergen or OVA. In addition, Foxp3 expression in the lung reduced the levels of Th2 cytokines and IgE in BALF and serum, respectively. Moreover, histopathological analysis also showed that Foxp3 expression substantially inhibited eosinophil infiltration into the airways, goblet cell hyperplasia and smooth muscle cell hypertrophy. Furthermore, when Tregs were depleted by diphtheria toxin in Foxp3(DTR) mice, the anti-asthmatic functions of Foxp3 were not altered in OVA-challenged asthma models. In this study, our results suggest that Foxp3 expression in lung epithelial cells, and not in Tregs, inhibited OVA- and cockroach extract-induced asthma. PMID:27633092

  6. Roles of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 on the suppression of myostatin gene expression induced by basic fibroblast growth factor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huazhoag Liu; Xiaorong An; Yongfu Chen; Jieping Zhong

    2008-01-01

    Basic fibmblast growth factor (bFGF, FG F-2 ) has an inhibitory effect on the expression of the myostatin gene in murine C2C12 myoblasts, as shown in our recent investigation. To further verify the regulatory effects of bFGF on the myostalin gene and to better understand its mechanism in skeletal muscle, and to promote clinical applications of bFGF to treat skeletal muscle diseases correlated to muscular dystrophy or AIDS and so on, recombinant human bFGF (rh-bFGF) was added into media and stimulated murine C2C12 myoblasts to investigate the dose-dependent effect ofbFGF on suppression of myostatin gene expression and the role of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) in the regulatory mechanism. Simultaneously, complete coding sequence of ovine 18 kDa-bFGF gene was inserted into eukaryotic vector pCMV-neo (originated from pEGFP-N1 vector, from which the EGFP gene has been removed), the recombinant plasmid pCMV-neo-bFGF was harvested and injected into the mouse skeletal muscle of posterior limb. Expression levels of bFGF,myostatin, and ERKI/2 genes in murine C2C12 myoblasts and the skeletal muscle were analyzed by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting analysis, respectively. The results showed that bFGFimpaired the expression ofmyostatin gene in a dose-dependent manner in C2C12 cells, with increasing concentration of rh-bFGF,myostatin mRNA declined gradually. In addition, results in skeletal muscle indicated that bFGF also suppressed the expression of the myostatin gene in vivo. Furthermore, we found ERKI/2 participated in the regulatory mechanism of bFGF on the expression of the myostatin gene.

  7. Neural crest and mesoderm lineage-dependent gene expression in orofacial development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacherjee, Vasker; Mukhopadhyay, Partha; Singh, Saurabh; Johnson, Charles; Philipose, John T; Warner, Courtney P; Greene, Robert M; Pisano, M Michele

    2007-06-01

    The present study utilizes a combination of genetic labeling/selective isolation of pluripotent embryonic progenitor cells, and oligonucleotide-based microarray technology, to delineate and compare the "molecular fingerprint" of two mesenchymal cell populations from distinct lineages in the developing embryonic orofacial region. The first branchial arches-bi-lateral tissue primordia that flank the primitive oral cavity-are populated by pluripotent mesenchymal cells from two different lineages: neural crest (neuroectoderm)- and mesoderm-derived mesenchymal cells. These cells give rise to all of the connective tissue elements (bone, cartilage, smooth and skeletal muscle, dentin) of the orofacial region (maxillary and mandibular portion), as well as neurons and glia associated with the cranial ganglia, among other tissues. In the present study, neural crest- and mesoderm-derived mesenchymal cells were selectively isolated from the first branchial arch of gestational day 9.5 mouse embryos using laser capture microdissection (LCM). The two different embryonic cell lineages were distinguished through utilization of a novel two component transgenic mouse model (Wnt1Cre/ZEG) in which the neural crest cells and their derivatives are indelibly marked (i.e., expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein, EGFP) throughout the pre- and post-natal lifespan of the organism. EGFP-labeled neural crest-derived, and non-fluorescent mesoderm-derived mesenchymal cells from the first branchial arch were visualized in frozen tissue sections from gestational day 9.5 mouse embryos and independently isolated by LCM under epifluorescence optics. RNA was extracted from the two populations of LCM-procured cells, and amplified by double-stranded cDNA synthesis and in vitro transcription. Gene expression profiles of the two progenitor cell populations were generated via hybridization of the cell-type specific cRNA samples to oligo-based GeneChip microarrays. Comparison of gene expression

  8. Construction of Eukaryotic Expression Vector for Pig Ghrelin Gene%猪Ghrelin基因真核表达载体构建(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹月胜; 陈俏俏; 孙金海

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] This study aimed to investigate the functions of transgenic growth related gene in pig growth. [Method] A pair of primers containing Nhe I and Hind Ⅲ restriction sites were designed by referring to the pig Ghrelin mRNA sequence published in Genbank. Total RNA was extracted from the small intestine tissue of 13/17 Robertson translocation heterozygous pig, and then was purified and used as the template in later RT-PCR reaction to amplify the full-length pig Ghrelin gene. The correct pig Ghrelin gene fragment was cloned into the pMD19-T simple vector for sequencing analysis. The obtained full-length cDNA of pig Ghrelin gene fragment was digested with both Nhe I and Hind Ⅲ, and then was linked into the eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1 to obtain the recombinant plasmid pEGFPGhrelin. The recombinant plasmid was transected into the fibroblast cells to detect the fluorescence labeled gene expression. [Result] The nucleotide sequence extracted from 13/17 Robertson translocation heterozygous pig was the same as expected; and the eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-Ghrelin was successfully constructed. [Conclusion] The eukaryotic expression vector constructed in this study can be further used in research on transgenic pigs, but also lays foundation for research on the regulatory mechanism of Ghrelin gene.%[目的]为研究转生长相关基因对猪的作用。[方法]采用RT-PCR方法,从13/17罗伯逊易位杂合子猪小肠组织中提取总RNA,将其纯化后作为PCR扩增模板,参考GenBank公布的猪Ghrelin的mRNA序列设计合成具有Nhe I和Hind III双酶切位点引物,扩增获得Ghrelin基因cD-NA全长序列。将准确的Ghrelin基因片段克隆于 pMD19-T simple Vector后进行序列分析,获得猪Ghrelin基因cDNA全长基因片段。经Nhe I和Hind III双酶切,将 Ghrelin基因cDNA片段连接到真核表达载体pEGFP-N1,获得真核表达载体的重组质粒pEGFP-Ghrelin。重组质粒转染猪成纤维细胞,观察标记基因

  9. Study of diabetic foot ulcer transplanted with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transfected with Ad-EGFP In rats%Ad-EGFP修饰的MSCs在糖尿病足溃疡大鼠体内的示踪及疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁文佳; 蔡黔; 刘毅

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the distribution of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transfectedwith Ad-EGFP in kidney and pancreatic tissues, and the variation of blood glucose, weight and ulcer area after cell transplantation, in model rats of diabetic foot ulcer. Methods MSCs isolated from Wistar rats were cultured in vitro and were then transfected with green fluorescent protein (Ad-EGFP) at the multiplicities of infection (MOI) of being 150. The BMSCs were obtained for transplantation. Sixty Wistar rats were randomly assigned to 3 groups: diabetic treatment group (diabetic foot ulcer rat treated with the transfected BMSCs), diabetic control group (diabetic foot ulcer rat treated with PBS) and normal control group (normal ulcer rat treated with PBS). The two groups of diabetic rat model were achieved by intraperitoneally injection of streptozotocin. Foot ulcer for the three groups was manually scratched. For rats in diabetic treatment group, 0.5 ml BMSCs (cell count 5X106) obtained 72 hours after transfected with Ad-EGFP were injected via tail vein, while these in two control groups were injected with PBS of same volume. The variation of blood glucose, weight and ulcer area were observed on the 7th, 14th and 21th after cell transplantation, and the distribution of BMSCs in kidney and pancreatic tissues in rats on diabetic treatment group were examined. Results In diabetic treatment group, the BMSCs were detected at pancreas, kidney and foot ulcer after 14th day of transplantation. As compared to control group, therapy using the BMSCs decreased blood glucose level, improved symptom of magersucht and accelerated the healing of ulcer. Conclusion The results indicated BMSCs had the capability of nesting and may have beneficial effects in the management of diabetics and associated foot ulcer.%目的:观察自尾静脉移植Ad-EGPF修饰的大鼠骨髓间充质干细胞(BMSCs)在糖尿病足溃疡模型大鼠胰腺、肾脏及溃疡局部的示踪情况,并

  10. 过表达巨噬细胞移动抑制因子对子宫颈癌SiHa细胞中白细胞介素8及基质金属蛋白酶9表达的影响%Effects of over-expression of macrophage migration inhibitory factor on the expression of interleukin-8 and martix metalloproteinase-9 of human cervical cancer SiHa cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭红霞; 吴素慧; 贾睿; 尚海霞

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) overexpression on the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8),martix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and invasion of human cervical cancer SiHa cells.Methods Chemical synthesis MIF eDNA gene,designed primer sequence including XhoI and BamHI enzyme sites,MIF gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR),constructed eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1/MIF and transfected into SiHa cells using Lipofectamine and won over-expression of MIF.The expression of MIF in supernatant fluid was detected by ELISA,the expression of MIF,IL-8,MMP-9 in both mRNA and protein levels were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative-PCR and immunocytochemistry respectively.The effect of over-expressed MIF on migration was detected by Boyden small chamber.Results The expression of protein in supernatant fluid transfected with pEGFP-N1/MIF was significantly increased (Fgroup =8267.564,P < 0.01),the expression of MIF,IL-8,MMP-9 in both mRNA and protein in SiHa cells transfected with pEGFP-N1/MIF were significantly increased (F values were 7019.619,2148.094,3303.540,1565.114,2807.300,523.466,P < 0.01),and there was a positive correlation among MIF,IL-8,MMP-9 expression in both mRNA and protein (r values were 0.865,0.895,0.934,0.908,P < 0.01).Invasion ability in SiHa cells transfected with pEGFP-N1/MIF was obviously increased (F=3430.898,P< 0.01).Conclusion The over-expression MIF gene in SiHa cells can promote cervical cancer cell invasion and metastasis of ability,which could be associated with the upregulation of IL-8 and MMP-9 expression.%目的 研究过表达巨噬细胞移动抑制因子(MIF)对子宫颈癌SiHa细胞中白细胞介素8(IL-8)、基质金属蛋白酶9(MMP-9)表达及细胞侵袭迁移能力的影响.方法 化学合成MIF cDNA,设计含Xhol和BamHI酶切位点的引物序列,利用聚合酶链反应(PCR)方法 扩增MIF基因片段,构建人pEGFP-N1/MIF真核表达载体,

  11. Clone and expression of human transferrin receptor gene: a marker gene for magnetic resonance imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To clone human transferrin receptor (hTfR) gene and construct expression vector producing recombination protein. Methods: Human transferrin receptor gene cDNA was amplified by RT-PCR from human embryonic liver and lung tissue. Recombinant pcDNA3-hTfR and pEGFP-Cl-hTfR plasmids were constructed and confirmed by DNA sequencing. These plasmids were stably transfected into the HEK293 cells. The protein expression in vitro was confirmed by Western Blot. The efficiency of expression and the location of hTfR were also investigated by fluorescence microscopy and confocal fluorescence microscopy. Results: The full length cDNA of hTfR gene (2332 bp) was cloned and sequenced. The hTfR (190 000) was overexpressed in transfected HEK293 cells by Western blot analysis. Fluorescence micrographs displayed that the hTfR was expressed at high level and located predominantly in the cell surface. Conclusions: Human transferrin receptor (hTfR) gene has been successfully cloned and obtained high-level expression in HEK293 cells, and the recombination protein of hTfR distributed predominantly in the cell membrane. (authors)

  12. Inducible expression of photoacoustic reporter gene tyrosinase in cells using a single plasmid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paproski, Robert J.; Zemp, Roger J.

    2012-02-01

    We have previously demonstrated that tyrosinase is a reporter gene for photoacoustic imaging since tyrosinase is the rate-limiting step in the synthesis of melanin, a pigment capable of producing strong photoacoustic signals. We previously created a cell line capable of inducible tyrosinase expression (important due to toxicity of melanin) by stably transfecting tyrosinase in MCF-7 Tet-OnR cell line (Clontech) which expresses a doxycycline-controlled transactivator. Unfortunately, Clontech provides few Tet-On Advanced cell lines making it difficult to have inducible tyrosinase expression in cell lines not provided by Clontech. In order to simplify the creation of cell lines with inducible expression of tyrosinase, we created a single plasmid that encodes both the transactivator as well as tyrosinase. PCR was used to amplify both the transactivator and tyrosinase from the Tet-OnR Advanced and pTRE-Tight-TYR plasmids, respectively. Both PCR products were cloned into the pEGFP-N1 plasmid and the newly created plasmid was transfected into ZR-75-1, MCF-7, and MIA PaCa-1 cells using lipofectamine. After several days, brown melanin was only observed in cells incubated with doxycycline, suggesting that the newly created single plasmid allowed inducible tyrosinase expression in many different cells lines.

  13. 'Fluorescent Cell Chip' for immunotoxicity testing: Development of the c-fos expression reporter cell lines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Fluorescent Cell Chip for in vitro immunotoxicity testing employs cell lines derived from lymphocytes, mast cells, and monocytes-macrophages transfected with various EGFP cytokine reporter gene constructs. While cytokine expression is a valid endpoint for in vitro immunotoxicity screening, additional marker for the immediate-early response gene expression level could be of interest for further development and refinement of the Fluorescent Cell Chip. We have used BW.5147.3 murine thymoma transfected with c-fos reporter constructs to obtain reporter cell lines expressing ECFP under the control of murine c-fos promoter. These cells upon serum withdrawal and readdition and incubation with heavy metal compounds showed paralleled induction of c-Fos expression as evidenced by Real-Time PCR and ECFP fluorescence as evidenced by computer-supported fluorescence microscopy. In conclusion, we developed fluorescent reporter cell lines that could be employed in a simple and time-efficient screening assay for possible action of chemicals on c-Fos expression in lymphocytes. The evaluation of usefulness of these cells for the Fluorescent Cell Chip-based detection of immunotoxicity will require additional testing with a larger number of chemicals

  14. Gene expression in tumor cells and stroma in dsRed 4T1 tumors in eGFP-expressing mice with and without enhanced oxygenation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moen Ingrid

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The tumor microenvironment is pivotal in tumor progression. Thus, we aimed to develop a mammary tumor model to elucidate molecular characteristics in the stroma versus the tumor cell compartment by global gene expression. Secondly, since tumor hypoxia influences several aspects of tumor pathophysiology, we hypothesized that hyperoxia might have an inhibitory effect on tumor growth per se. Finally, we aimed to identify differences in gene expression and key molecular mechanisms, both in the native state and following treatment. Methods 4T1 dsRed breast cancer cells were injected into eGFP expressing NOD/SCID mice. Group 1 was exposed to 3 intermittent HBO treatments (Day 1, 4 and 7, Group 2 to 7 daily HBO treatments (both 2.5bar, 100% O2, à 90 min, whereas the controls were exposed to a normal atmosphere. Tumor growth, histology, vascularisation, cell proliferation, cell death and metastasis were assessed. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting was used to separate tumor cells from stromal cells prior to gene expression analysis. Results The purity of sorted cells was verified by fluorescence microscopy. Gene expression profiling demonstrated that highly expressed genes in the untreated tumor stroma included constituents of the extracellular matrix and matrix metalloproteinases. Tumor growth was significantly inhibited by HBO, and the MAPK pathway was found to be significantly reduced. Immunohistochemistry indicated a significantly reduced microvessel density after intermittent HBO, whereas daily HBO did not show a similar effect. The anti-angiogenic response was reflected in the expression trends of angiogenic factors. Conclusions The present in vivo mammary tumor model enabled us to separate tumor and stromal cells, and demonstrated that the two compartments are characterized by distinct gene expressions, both in the native state and following HBO treatments. Furthermore, hyperoxia induced a significant tumor growth

  15. Local long-term expression of lentivirally delivered IL-10 in the lung attenuates obliteration of intrapulmonary allograft airways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirayama, Shin; Sato, Masaaki; Liu, Mingyao; Loisel-Meyer, Severine; Yeung, Jonathan C; Wagnetz, Dirk; Cypel, Marcelo; Zehong, Guan; Medin, Jeffrey A; Keshavjee, Shaf

    2011-11-01

    Obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) is a form of chronic rejection after lung transplantation. Lentiviral vectors (LVs) facilitate long-term gene transduction in many tissues and organs. We hypothesized that lentiviral gene transfer of interleukin (IL)-10, a potent immune-modulating cytokine, to the lung could modulate the alloimmune responses in the lung after transplantation. C57BL6 mice received LVs encoding luciferase, enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP), or human IL-10 (huIL-10) through airways and underwent repeated bioluminescent imaging, immunofluorescence imaging, or ELISA of lung tissues, respectively. Luciferase activities peaked at day 7 and were stable after day 28 to over 15 months. eGFP staining demonstrated LV-mediated gene transduction mainly in alveolar macrophages. LV-huIL-10 delivery resulted in stable long-term expression of huIL-10 in the lung tissue (average 3.66 pg/mg at 1 year). Intrapulmonary allograft tracheal transplantation (BALBc→C57BL6) was used as a model of OB. LV-huIL-10 or LV-eGFP were delivered 7 days before transplantation and compared with no LV-transfection group. Allograft airways at day 28 were almost completely obliterated in all the groups. However, at day 42, allograft airways treated with LV-huIL-10 showed a spectrum of attenuation in airway fibrosis ranging from complete obliteration through bubble-like partial opening to complete patency with epithelial coverage in association with a significantly reduced obliteration ratio compared with the other groups (p<0.05). In conclusion, lentivirus-mediated gene transduction is useful in achieving long-term transgene expression in the lung. Long-term IL-10 expression has the potential to attenuate allograft airway obliteration. LV-mediated gene therapy could be a useful strategy to prevent or treat OB after lung transplantation. PMID:21568692

  16. Rat adipose-derived stromal cells expressing BMP4 induce ectopic bone formation in vitro and in vivo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin LIN; Xin FU; Xin ZHANG; Lian-xu CHEN; Ji-ying ZHANG; Chang-long YU; Kang-tao MA; Chun-yan ZHOU

    2006-01-01

    Aim: Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) is one of the main local contributing factors in callus formation in the early phase of fracture healing. Adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSC) are multipotent cells. The present study was conducted to investigate the osteogenic potential of ADSC when exposed to adenovirus containing BMP4 cDNA (Ad-BMP4). Methods: ADSC were harvested from Sprague-Dawley rats. After exposure to Ad-BMP4, ADSC were assessed by alkaline phos-phatase activity (ALP) assay, RT-PCR and von Kossa staining. BMP4 expression was assessed by RT-PCR, immunofluorescence and Western blot analysis. ADSC transduced with Ad-BMP4 were directly injected into the hind limb muscles of athymic mice. ADSC Ad-EGFP(enhanced green fluorescence protein) served as controls. All animals were examined by X-ray film and histological analysis. Results: The expression of BMP4 was confirmed at both mRNA and protein levels. The expression of the osteoblastic gene, ALP activity and von Kossa staining confirmed that ADSC transduced with Ad-BMP4 underwent rapid and marked osteoblast differentiation, whereas ADSC transduced with Ad-EGFP and cells left alone displayed no osteogenic differentiation. X-ray and histological examination confirmed new bone formation in athymic mice transplanted with ADSC transduced with Ad-BMP4. Conclusion: Our data demonstrated successful osteogenic differentiation of ADSC transduced with Ad-BMP4 in vitro and in vivo. ADSC may be an ideal source of mesenchyme lineage stem cells for gene therapy and tissue engineering.

  17. Construction of lentiviral vectors coexpressing EGFP and rat GDNF gene and transfection rat bone mesenchymal stem cells%EGFP和大鼠GDNF基因共表达的慢病毒载体构建及转染大鼠骨髓间充质干细胞

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张阳; 张志坚; 陈东平; 吴秀丽

    2009-01-01

    为了构建携带增强绿色荧光蛋白(enhanced green fluorescent protein,EGFP)和胶质细胞源性神经营养因子(glial cell linederived neurotrophic factor,GDNF)基因的慢病毒载体,观察GDNF基因大鼠骨髓间充质干细胞(ral mesenchymal stem cells,rMSC)的表达,本研究采用RT-PCR(reverse transcription-PCR)方法从P0大鼠小脑组织中扩增出GDNF基因编码区636 bp的片段,通过限制性内切酶酶切、T4DNA连接酶连接,将GDNF插入慢病毒转移载体PNL-IRES2-EGFP,构建PNL-GDNF-IRES2-EGFP.在脂质体介导下将构建成功的慢病毒三质粒系统共转染人胚肾细胞系(293T)包装生产慢病毒,测定病毒滴度.感染rMSCs,荧光显微镜下观察EGFP的表达、转导效率,RT-PCR、Western blot方法分别检测GDNF mRNA和蛋白的表达情况.结果显示:GDNF的基因序列经测序后与GeneBank报道的序列完全一致,重组慢病毒载体质粒PNL-GDNF-IRES2-EGFP经双酶切鉴定正确;三质粒共转染293T细胞后荧光激发可见大量绿色荧光,收集、浓缩病毒后测定其滴度为5.3×107pfu/ml;感染rMSCs结果显示:GDNFrMSCs组5 d转导效率为93.3%±3.17%,传代培养4周,下降到81.1%±3.59%,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01).RT-PCR(real time-PCR)、Western blot显示GDNF成功在rMSCs中表达.本结果表明,我们已经成功构建带有EGFP、GDNF基因的慢病毒载体,并获得GDNF-rMSCs基因工程细胞,但提高该工程细胞外源基因的稳定表达技术仍需进一步探讨.

  18. Easy expression of the C-terminal heavy chain domain of botulinum neurotoxin serotype A as a vaccine candidate using a bi-cistronic baculovirus system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villaflores, Oliver B; Hsei, Chein-Ming; Teng, Chao-Yi; Chen, Ying-Ju; Wey, Jiunn-Jye; Tsui, Pei-Yi; Shyu, Rong-Hwa; Tung, Kuo-Lun; Yeh, Jui-Ming; Chiao, Der-Jiang; Wu, Tzong-Yuan

    2013-04-01

    Clostridial botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is one of the most toxic proteins causing the food borne disease, botulism. In previous studies, recombinant BoNT production by Escherichia coli and yeast Pichia pastoris has been hampered by high AT content and codon bias in the gene encoding BoNT and required a synthetic gene to resolve this intrinsic bottleneck. This paper reports the simultaneous expression of the C-terminal heavy chain domain of BoNT (rBoNT/A-HC-6h) and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) using a bi-cistronic baculovirus-insect cell expression system. The expression of EGFP facilitated the monitoring of viral infection, virus titer determination, and isolation of the recombinant virus. Protein fusion with hexa-His-tag and one-step immobilized metal-ion affinity chromatography (IMAC) purification produced a homogenous, stable, and immunologically active 55-kDa rBoNT/A-HC-6h (about 3mg/L) with >90% purity. Furthermore, measured levels of serum titers were 8-folds for mice vaccinated with the purified rBoNT/A-HC-6h (2μg) than for mice administered with botulinum toxoid after initial immunization. Challenge experiment with botulinum A toxin demonstrated the immunoprotective activity of purified rBoNT/A-HC-6h providing the mice full protection against 10(2) LD50 botulinum A toxin with a dose as low as 0.2μg. This study provided supportive evidence for the use of a bi-cistronic baculovirus-Sf21 insect cell expression system in the facile expression of an immunogenically active rBoNT/A-HC. PMID:23313783

  19. Construction and migration of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells coexpressing EGFP and CXCR4%共表达EGFP和CXCR4的大鼠骨髓间充质干细胞的构建及其迁移能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞晓岚; 张志坚; 吴秀丽; 黄志新

    2010-01-01

    目的 构建携带增强绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)及CXCR4慢病毒载体,并实现其在大鼠骨髓间充质干细胞(rMSCs)中的表达,观察转CXCR4基因后对rMSCs迁移能力的影响. 方法 RT-PCR扩增大鼠CXCR4编码区片段,将其插入慢病毒载体质粒PNL-IRES2-EGFP,获得的PNL-CXCR4-IRES2-EGFP与包装及包膜质粒用脂质体法共转染293T细胞,包装生产慢病毒.所获慢病毒转染rMSCs后,用RT-PCR、Western blot、细胞免疫荧光组织化学和流式细胞术检测转CXCR4基因rMSCs组、转空载体rMSCs组中CXCR4表达情况.利用Transwell方法检测两组rMSCs在SDF-1作用下的迁移能力. 结果 双酶切和测序证实,PNL-CXCR4-IRES2-EGFP构建正确,转CXCR4基因rMSCs组CXCR4表达明显增多,在SDF-1α作用下迁移能力明显增强. 结论 成功构建带有EGFP和大鼠CXCR4的慢病毒载体,并获得CXCR4-rMSCs基因工程细胞,为深入研究SDF/CXCR4轴在rMSCs向损伤组织定向迁移中的作用奠定了基础.

  20. 绿色荧光蛋白在α-1,3半乳糖基转移酶敲除猪组织器官的表达分析%Expression analysis of green fluorescent protein in tissues and organs inα-1,3 galactosyltransferase knockout pigs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李智方; 冯冲; 纪慧丽; 石宁宁; 宋小凤; 赵勤丽; 龙川; 潘登科; 杨小淦

    2015-01-01

    The pig is an ideal source to provide organs because its organ size and physiology are similar to humans. However, an acute rejection will ensue after pig-to-human xenotransplantation. Theα-1,3 galactosyltransferase gene knockout (GTKO) pigs were generated in recent years, and could solve the problem of hyperacute rejection. But due to lack of reporting genes, the rejection status of cells and organs post pig-to-human xenotransplantation cannot be visualized. In this study, we introduced the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene driven by the CAG pro-moter into GTKO porcine ear fibroblasts. Then we produced transgenic pigs expressing the EGFP gene by nuclear transfer technology. Expression levels of EGFP in different tissues and organs of the cloned pig were investigated by Nightsea DFP-1 Fluorescent Protein Flashlight, fluorescence microscope and quantitative PCR assays. The results showed that the protein and transcript of EGFP were expressed in all tissues and organs of the GTKO pig, but the expression was weak in the liver and central nervous system. In conclusion, we have successfully produced the transgenic GTKO pigs expressing EGFP in all tested tissues and organs, which builds up a good basis to track trans-planted cells or tissues.%猪是人类异种器官移植的理想供体,然而猪-人的异种器官移植会产生剧烈的排斥反应。虽然已制备的α-1,3半乳糖基转移酶基因敲除(Galactosyltransferase gene knockout, GTKO)猪可有效缓解猪-人异种器官移植引起的超急性免疫排斥,但缺少报告基因直观示踪移植后的细胞迁移及器官排斥状态。本文将 CAG启动子驱动增强型绿色荧光蛋白(Enhanced green fluorescent protein, EGFP)的表达载体导入GTKO猪耳成纤维细胞,通过体细胞核移植技术制备了 EGFP 猪。利用双荧光蛋白观测镜、荧光显微镜及定量 PCR 扩增观察、检测和分析克隆猪各组织器官中EGFP蛋白和转录本的表

  1. Construction and expression of an optimized, novel human immunodeficiency virus type-1 lentiviral vector containing green fluorescent protein

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xia Li; Xueling Ma; Lijing Zhao; Hang Gao; Hongjuan Wang; Li Du; Juan Wang; Nan Li; Kangding Liu

    2011-01-01

    The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) lentiviral vector is an ideal vector for gene therapy. In the present study, the wild-type HIV-1 genome was segregated into four plasmids, and an optimized novel HIV-1 lentiviral vector containing green fluorescent protein and vesicular stomatitis virus G pseudo-capsule was constructed. The plasmids were pHR-CMV-EGFP, pCMVΔ8.9, pRSV-Rev, pCMV-VSV-G. The four plasmid system was co-transfected into 293T cells, and green fluorescent protein expression was observed. The present study obtained lentiviral particles by high-speed centrifugation, and the lentiviral particle titer was 4×10TU/mL after centrifugation. Thus, an optimized novel HIV-1 lentiviral vector was successfully constructed.

  2. Effect of overexpression of wild-type p53 on POLD1 expression and malignant cell behavior in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line SMMC-7721%野生型p53对肝癌细胞POLD1基因表达及细胞恶性表型的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦长元; 刘起理; 廖柳凤; 徐恒; 谭晓虹

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the impact of overexpres-sion of wild-type p53 on cell proliferation and malignant phenotype in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line SMMC-7721 and to explore possible mechanism involved.METHODS: Enhanced green fluorescence protein gene-containing eukaryotic expressionplasmids expressing p53-specific small interfering RNA (shRNA) (p53-siRNA) or wild-type p53 (pEGFP-p53) were constructed and introduced into SMMC-7721 cells by Lipofection-2000-mediated transfection. Meanwhile, the pEGFP-Cl empty vector was also transfected into SMMC-7721 cells. Cell lines stably expressing p53-siRNA, pEGFP-p53 or pEGFP-Cl were screened in medium containing G418. After transfection, the expression of p53 and POLD1 mRNAs was detected by RT-PCR. The changes in malignant cell behavior were determined by cell growth curve determination and colony formation assay.RESULTS: Compared to control SMMC-7721 cells, p53 mRNA expression was increased and POLD1 gene expression was decreased in SMMC-7721 cells transfected with the plasmid carrying wild-type p53 gene, while p53 mRNA expression was reduced and POLD1 mRNA expression was increased in SMMC-7721 cells transfected with the plasmid carrying p53-siRNA. MTT results showed that cell growth rate was faster in SMMC-7721 cells transfected with the plasmid carrying p53-siRNA than in control SMMC-7721 cells, but was slower in SMMC-7721 cells transfected with the plasmid carrying wild-type p53 gene than in control cells. Colony formation assay showed that colony formation rate was lower in SMMC-7721 cells transfected with the plasmid carrying wild-type p53 gene than in control cells (38.1% vs 52.6%, P < 0.05), but was higher in cells tranfected with the plasmid carrying p53-siRNA than in control cells (72.6% vs 52.6%, P < 0.05). High expression of wild-type p53 inhibited POLD1 transcription and cell proliferation, while low expression of wild-type p53 promoted POLD1 transcription and cell proliferation.CONCLUSION: Wild-type p53

  3. [Construction of PPENK-MIDGE-NLS gene vector and the expression in rat].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xi; Xu, Xuemin; Peng, Xijuan; Jiang, Wei; Yao, Linong

    2015-02-01

    Increasing the production and secretion of endogenous opioid peptide by immune cell can significantly induce myocardial protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Gene therapy is promising to increase endogenous enkephalin (ENK). However, classical viral and plasmid vectors for gene delivery are hampered by immunogenicity, gene recombination, oncogene activation, the production of antibacterial antibody and changes in physiological gene expression. Minimalistic immunologically defined gene expression (MIDGE) can overcome all the deficients of viral and plasmid vectors. The exon of rat's preproenkephalin (PPENK) gene was amplified by PCR and the fragments were cloned into pEGFP-N1 plasmids. The recombined plasmids were digested with enzymes to obtain a linear vector contained promoter, preproenkephalin gene, RNA stable sequences and oligodesoxy nucleotides (ODNs) added to both ends of the gene vector to protect gene vector from exonuclease degradation. A nuclear localization sequence (NLS) was attached to an ODN to ensure the effective transport to the nucleus and transgene expression. Flow cytometry, laser confocal microscopy and Western blotting demonstrated that PPENK-MIDGE-NLS can transfect leukocyte of rat in vivo, increase the expression of proenkephalin (PENK) in tissue, and the transfection efficiency depends on gene vector's dosage. These results indicate that PPENK-MIDGE-NLS could be an innovative method to protect and treatment of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. PMID:26062347

  4. Cloning of the Bovine Natural Resistance-associated Macrophage Protein Ⅰ Gene Isoform (NRA MPI-ISO) and Its Expression in the Cells and the Tissues%牛巨噬细胞天然抗性蛋白Ⅰ基因可变剪接体(NRAMPI-ISO)的克隆及在细胞和组织中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程祥; 邓捷; 孟书燕; 来威锋; 王华岩

    2011-01-01

    巨噬细胞天然抗性蛋白1 (NRAMP1)可抑制结核分枝杆菌(Mycobacterium)和布氏杆菌(Brucella)等多种胞内寄生病原菌的感染,提高动物机体的抗病能力.本研究从秦川牛脾脏中克隆了NRA MP1基因的一种可变剪接体NRA MPI-ISO,序列分析表明,NRA MPI-ISO比NRAMP1多了第3个内含子,从而导致编码序列提前终止于第3个内含子,NRA MPI-ISO编码200个氨基酸.为了探索可变剪接体NRAMPI-ISO的表达情况,本研究分别构建了原核表达载体pET-41-NRA MPI-ISO和真核表达载体pEGFP-NRA MPI-ISO.原核表达载体pET-41 -NRA MPI-ISO可在不同浓度的IPTG诱导下在大肠杆菌BL21中高效表达.真核表达载体pEGFP-NRA MPI-ISO转染牛成纤维细胞后,EGFP-NRAMP 1-ISO融合蛋白分布在细胞核和细胞质中,而正常的NRAMP1蛋白只分布在细胞质的溶酶体膜周围.半定量RT-PCR检测表明,NRA MPI-ISO基因在心、脾脏、肺脏等组织有较高的表达,而在脑、胰、生殖嵴中的表达量相对较低.本研究为进一步研究NRA MPI-ISO基因生物学功能提供了重要信息.%Natural resistance-associated macrophage protein 1 (NRAMP1) can defense the invasion of the intracellular bacteria such as Mycobacterium and Brucella to improve the ability of resisting disease, hi this study we cloned a NRAMP1 isoform from the spleen of Qinchuan Bos Taurus. Sequence analysis showed that NRAMP1 isoform had a third intron in comparison with NRAMP1, which resulted in the protein only containing 200 amino acids because the translation stopped in the third intron. In order to get further study on the expression of NRAMP1-ISO, we constructed the prokaryotic expression vector pET-41-NRAMP1-ISO and the eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-NRAMPl-ISO. The prokaryotic expression vector pET-41-NRAMPl-ISO could efficiently express in the BL21 Escherichia coli under different concentrations of the IPTG. The eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-MRAMP1-ISO could both express in the

  5. Gene expression

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We prepared probes for isolating functional pieces of the metallothionein locus. The probes enabled a variety of experiments, eventually revealing two mechanisms for metallothionein gene expression, the order of the DNA coding units at the locus, and the location of the gene site in its chromosome. Once the switch regulating metallothionein synthesis was located, it could be joined by recombinant DNA methods to other, unrelated genes, then reintroduced into cells by gene-transfer techniques. The expression of these recombinant genes could then be induced by exposing the cells to Zn2+ or Cd2+. We would thus take advantage of the clearly defined switching properties of the metallothionein gene to manipulate the expression of other, perhaps normally constitutive, genes. Already, despite an incomplete understanding of how the regulatory switch of the metallothionein locus operates, such experiments have been performed successfully

  6. Ectopic expression of AID in a non-B cell line triggers A:T and G:C point mutations in non-replicating episomal vectors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tihana Jovanic

    Full Text Available Somatic hypermutation (SHM of immunoglobulin genes is currently viewed as a two step process initiated by the deamination of deoxycytidine (C to deoxyuridine (U, catalysed by the activation induced deaminase (AID. Phase 1 mutations arise from DNA replication across the uracil residue or the abasic site, generated by the uracil-DNA glycosylase, yielding transitions or transversions at G:C pairs. Phase 2 mutations result from the recognition of the U:G mismatch by the Msh2/Msh6 complex (MutS Homologue, followed by the excision of the mismatched nucleotide and the repair, by the low fidelity DNA polymerase eta, of the gap generated by the exonuclease I. These mutations are mainly focused at A:T pairs. Whereas in activated B cells both G:C and A:T pairs are equally targeted, ectopic expression of AID was shown to trigger only G:C mutations on a stably integrated reporter gene. Here we show that when using non-replicative episomal vectors containing a GFP gene, inactivated by the introduction of stop codons at various positions, a high level of EGFP positive cells was obtained after transient expression in Jurkat cells constitutively expressing AID. We show that mutations at G:C and A:T pairs are produced. EGFP positive cells are obtained in the absence of vector replication demonstrating that the mutations are dependent only on the mismatch repair (MMR pathway. This implies that the generation of phase 1 mutations is not a prerequisite for the expression of phase 2 mutations.

  7. Characteristic element of matrix attachment region mediates vector attachment and enhances nerve growth factor expression in Chinese hamster ovary cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, X Y; Zhang, J H; Sun, Q L; Yao, Z Y; Deng, B G; Guo, W Y; Wang, L; Dong, W H; Wang, F; Zhao, C P; Wang, T Y

    2015-01-01

    Preliminary studies have suggested that a characteristic element of the matrix attachment region (MAR) in human interferon-β mediates the adhesion of vectors to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. In this study, we investigated if vector adhesion increased nerve growth factor (NGF) expression in CHO cells. The MAR characteristic element sequence of human interferon-β was inserted into the multiple-cloning site of the pEGFP-C1 vector. The target NGF gene was inserted upstream of the MAR characteristic element sequence to construct the MAR/NGF expression vector. The recombinant plasmid was transfected into CHO cells and stable monoclonal cells were selected using G418. NGF mRNA and protein expression was detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Plasmid reduction experiments were used to determine the state of transfected plasmid in mammalian cells. The insertion of MAR into the vector increased NGF expression levels in CHO cells (1.93- fold) compared to the control. The recombinant plasmid expressing the MAR sequence was digested into a linear space vector. The inserted MAR and NGF sequences were consistent with those inserted into the plasmid before recombination. Therefore, we concluded that the MAR characteristic element mediates vector adhesion to CHO cells and enhances the stability and efficiency of the target gene expression. PMID:26345852

  8. Baculovirus-mediated Expression of p35 Confers Resistance to Apoptosis in Human Embryo Kidney 293 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Baculovirus has many advantages as vectors for gene transfer. We demonstrated that recombinant baculovirus vectors expressing p35 (Ac-CMV-p35) and eGFP (Ac-CMV-GFP) could be transduced into human kidney 293 cells efficiently. The level of transgene expression was viral dose dependent and high-level expression of the target gene could be achieved under the heterogonous promoter. MTT assay suggested that both Ac-CMV-p35 and Ac-CMV-GFP did not have cytotoxic effect on human embryo kidney 293 cells. Cell growth curve showed the Ac-CMV-p35 and Ac- CMV-GFP transduced and non-transduced cells had similar proliferation rate, so baculovirus-mediated p35expression had no adverse effect on cell proliferation. In addition, baculovirus-mediated p35 gene expression protected human embryo kidney 293 cells against apoptosis induced by various apoptosis inducers such as Actinomycin D, UV or serum-free media. These results suggested that the baculovirus vector mediated p35 gene expression was functional and it could be widely used in molecular research and even gene therapy.

  9. In-vitro Knock Down of VEGFR2 Expression Using Specific siRNA in the Culture Medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moslem Jafarisani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:The use of siRNAforsilencinggene expressionis expandingtoday. Knock down ofvascular endothelial growth factor is one of theobjectives ofthistechnology. In this study we aimed to inhibit the expression of receptor type II of VEGF (VEGFR-2 using specific siRNA in the culture medium.Methods: First, according to the target gene sequences, sequence of the specific siRNA were designed; blasted and built. Using RT-PCR, cDNA of HUVEC was synthesized and PCR with specific primers was reproduced. PEFGP-N1 expression vector was cloned with target gene and confirmed. Then Hela cells which has not any expression of the target genes were transfected whit cloned pEGFP-N1 vector using lipofectamin. GFP expression rate in the Hela cellsContaining initial vector and cloned vector in presence and absence of specific siRNA was assessed. Through evaluation of gene inhibition, decreasing of green fluorescence from GFP, RT-PCR was investigated.Results: The results of the two used siRNA, indicate reduced gene expression 56% and 63% in comparison with the control group (P<0.05.Conclusion: Transfection of specific VEGFR-2 siRNA using lipofectamin significantly inhibits expression of receptor. In fact,it cancut thesignal transduction pathwayand preventsthe creation ofnewblood vessels. Therefore, probably it can act as a new treatment factor for prevention or reduction of neovascularization.

  10. Ascl3 expression marks a progenitor population of both acinar and ductal cells in mouse salivary glands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullard, Tara; Koek, Laurie; Roztocil, Elisa; Kingsley, Paul D; Mirels, Lily; Ovitt, Catherine E

    2008-08-01

    Ascl3, also know as Sgn1, is a member of the mammalian achaete scute (Mash) gene family of transcription factors, which have been implicated in cell fate specification and differentiation. In the mouse salivary gland, expression of Ascl3 is restricted to a subset of duct cells. Salivary gland function depends on the secretory acinar cells, which are responsible for saliva formation, and duct cells, which modify the saliva and conduct it to the oral cavity. The salivary gland ducts are also the putative site of progenitor cells in the adult gland. Using a Cre recombinase-mediated reporter system, we followed the fate of Ascl3-expressing cells after the introduction of an EGFP-Cre expression cassette into the Ascl3 locus by homologous recombination. Lineage tracing shows that these cells are progenitors of both acinar and ductal cell types in all three major salivary glands. In the differentiated progeny, expression of Ascl3 is down-regulated. These data directly demonstrate a progenitor-progeny relationship between duct cells and the acinar cell compartment, and identify a population of multipotent progenitor cells, marked by expression of Ascl3, which is capable of generating both gland cell types. We conclude that Ascl3-expressing cells contribute to the maintenance of the adult salivary glands.

  11. The Comparative and Functional Study between Two Construction Methods of shRNA Expression Vector Targeted LMP1 Gene Encoded by EBV

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi-qin WANG; Yu-cheng YANG; Wen-lu ZHANG; Su-ling HONG

    2007-01-01

    To look for a more stable and convenient way of constructing short hairpin RNA expression vectors targeting the latent membrane protein-1(LMP-1) encoded by Epstein-Barr virus(pshLMP1), and to study the inhibition function of pshLMP1 expression vectors in HNE1 cells, we designed the pshLMP1 expression cassette and pshLMP1 expression vectors by both the annealing method and PCR method and then co-transfected with pEGFP-N1-1158 into HNE1 cells to observe the mRNA and protein levels of LMP-1 genes by green fluorescence analysis, RT-PCR and western blot. pshLMP1 expression vectors were successfully obtained by both methods but better cloning efficiency was achieved and fewer deletions and mutations of nucleotides were achieved with the PCR method. Furthermore, the mRNA and protein levels of LMP-1 genes were down-regulated by pshLMP1 expression vectors. According to our research, we found that the PCR method provides a more efficient way to construct pshLMP1 expression vectors which have the ability to inhibit the function of LMP-1 genes expressed in HNE1 cells, and also provides a novel application of RNA interference technology against-EBV.

  12. NF-kB activation and its downstream target genes expression after heavy ions exposure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chishti, Arif Ali; Baumstark-Khan, Christa; Hellweg, Christine; Schmitz, Claudia; Koch, Kristina; Feles, Sebastian

    2016-07-01

    To enable long-term human space flight cellular radiation response to densely ionizing radiation needs to be better understood for developing appropriate countermeasures to mitigate acute effects and late radiation risks for the astronaut. The biological effectiveness of accelerated heavy ions (which constitute the most important radiation type in space) with high linear energy transfer (LET) for effecting DNA damage response pathways as a gateway to cell death or survival is of major concern not only for space missions but also for new regimes of tumor radiotherapy. In the current research study, the contribution of NF-κB in response to space-relevant radiation qualities was determined by a NF-κB reporter cell line (HEK-pNF-κB-d2EGFP/Neo L2). The NF-κB dependent reporter gene expression (d2EGFP) after ionizing radiation (X-rays and heavy ions) exposure was evaluated by flow cytometry. Because of differences in the extent of NF-κB activation after X-irradiation and heavy ions exposure, it was expected that radiation quality (LET) might play an important role in the cellular radiation response. In addition, the biological effectiveness (RBE) of NF-κB activation and reduction of cellular survival was examined for heavy ions having a broad range of LET (˜0.3 - 9674 keV/µm). Furthermore, the effect of LET on NF-κB target gene expression was analyzed by real time reverse transcriptase quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). In this study it was proven that NF-κB activation and NF-κB dependent gene expression comprises an early step in cellular radiation response. Taken together, this study clearly demonstrates that NF-κB activation and NF-κB-dependent gene expression by heavy ions are highest in the LET range of ˜50-200 keV/μupm. The up-regulated chemokines and cytokines (CXCL1, CXCL2, CXCL10, IL-8 and TNF) might be important for cell-cell communication among hit as well as unhit cells (bystander effect). The results obtained suggest the NF-κB pathway to be a

  13. 分枝杆菌膜锚定表达载体的构建与亚细胞定位分析%The construction and sub-cellular localization analysis of novel mycobacterial membrane-anchored expression vector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鑫; 范小勇; 马辉; 曲勍; 朱越雄

    2011-01-01

    Objective To construct mycobacterial membrane-anchored expression vector and to analyze expression level and sub-cellualr localization of exogenous target protein. Methods Based on the mycobacterial intracellular expression vector pMFA42 which contained a strong promoter of pfurAma mutant, the signal sequence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis(Mtb) 19×103 lipoprotein (19SS) was synthesized and was then cloned into the downstream of pfurAma mutant to generate the mycobacterial membrane-anchored expression vector pMFA42M. The coding gene of enhanced green fluorescent protein(EGFP) was amplified by PCR, and then sub-cloned into these two vectors described above to construct recombinant EGFP fused and membrane-anchored strains, respectively. The coding genes of Mtb immuno-dominant antigens Ag85A and its chimera Ag856A2 were then sub-cloned intothe membrane-anchored construct pMFA42MG to produce recombinant Mtb antigen EGFP fused-expression strains. After that, expression levels and sub-cellualr localization of exogenous target protein were further analyzed by Western blot and flow cytometry sorting(FCS), and the fluorescence intensities of recombinant EGFP- expressed strains were observed in vitro directly and after transfection of murine macrophage cell line RAW264.7. Results The novel mycobacterial membrane-anchored expression vector was constructed successfully by introduction of signal sequence of Mtb 19×103 lipoprotein. Using of EGFP as model antigen, exogenous target protein was demonstrated to be expressed with high level and could be anchored into cell membrane of recombinant mycobaterial strains. Conclusion A novel mycobacterial membrane-anchored expression vector was constructed successfully to research recombinant BCG and functions of mycobacterial membrane proteins, and the constructed EGFP-expressed recombinant strains could also be used to research cytophagy in cell model and mycobacterial colony and translocation in animal immunization as model indicator

  14. The Effects of Interfering COX-2 Gene Expression on Malignant Proliferation of Human Lung Adenocarcinoma A2 Cell in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weiying LI

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective COX-2 was highly expressed in many tumor tissues and was involved in the initiation and development of tumors. The RNAi technique is a method to inhibit gene expression economically, quickly, efficiently and specifically. This study used RNAi technique to explore the interfering effect of COX-2 geneexpression and the influence on the malignant proliferation of A2 cells after quenching COX-2 in vitro . Methods Three COX-2 siRNA expression vectors with human U6 promoter were constructed. The COX-2 siRNA vectors and the vacant vector (pEGFP were transfected into A2 cells with lipofectamine respectively. The cell strains transfected were selected. The change of COX-2 expression levels was examined by Western blot and RT-PCR. The effects on the proliferationof A2 cells after silencing COX-2 were detected by cell growth curve and clonogenic assay in vitro . Results The three siRNA and U6 promoter cloned into pEGFP plasmid were validated by PCR, restriction endonucleases identification, DNA sequencing and BLAST alignment. The cell strains transfected were coded as A2-3, A2-7, A2-10 and A2-p respectively. Green fluorescence was seen in A2-p cells and not in A2-3, A2-7 and A2-10 cells in 24 h, 48 h and 72 hafter transfected. The results of RT-PCR and Western blot showed the three siRNA expression vectors acted effectively and the expression of COX-2 was inhibited in different extent. In contrast to A2 cells, COX-2 mRNA levels of A2-3, A2-7 and A2-10 cells were reduced 15.6%, 20.4% and 64.2% respectively, and COX-2 protein expressions of them were reduced 23.7%, 36.7% and 60.2% respectively. The results of cell growth curve and clonogenic assay showed the growth of A2-10 cell slowed and the clonal formation rate was reduced. However the growth of A2-3 and A2-7 cells had no obvious changes vs controls (A2 and A2-p. Conclusion Silencing COX-2 gene in vitro by RNAi technique can significantly inhibit the malignant proliferation of A2

  15. The construction and expression of AFP-enhanced green fluorescent protein recombinant and the analysis of measurement characteristics%甲胎蛋白-增强型绿色荧光蛋白重组体的构建表达及其测量特性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张健; 葛丹红; 王雪亮

    2014-01-01

    Objective To construct the fusion protein of alpha fetoprotein (AFP )-enhanced green fluorescent protein(eGFP)recombinant,and to analyze the stability and measurement characteristics.Methods The sequence of eGFP was amplified from pcDNA3.0 plasmid and inserted PET28a plasmid to construct expression plasmid PET28a-eGFP.The coding sequence of AFP was synthetized according to the coding sequence of AFP from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)database,added and linked to eGFP sequence by a linker sequence to construct expression plasmid PET28a-eGFP-AFP.Recombinant protein eGFP and eGFP-AFP were purified,and the measurement characteristics and stability were analyzed.Results The expression plasmid of recombinant protein eGFP and eGFP-AFP were constructed,and the proteins were purified.Recombinant protein eGFP and eGFP-AFP had the same excitation spectrum and emission spectrum,which were 450 and 509 nm optimally,and its fluorescence could be stable over 1 2 months.eGFP-AFP could be tested for the level of AFP by routine AFP immunoassay.Conclusions Recombinant protein eGFP and eGFP-AFP have the same fluorescence characteristics and could react with routine immunoassay which establishes the foundation for the next research using eGFP-AFP as calibration and quality control materials.%目的:构建增强型绿色荧光蛋白(eGFP)标记的甲胎蛋白(AFP)的融合蛋白,并对其稳定性和测量特性进行分析。方法从pcDNA3.0质粒中扩增eGFP序列,插入质粒PET28a,构建eGFP表达质粒PET28a-eGFP。根据美国国立生物技术信息中心(NCBI)数据库中的AFP编码序列,应用序列合成方法合成AFP编码序列,并加入连接eGFP的铰链序列,与eGFP序列链接,构建表达质粒PET28a-eGFP-AFP。分别表达和纯化重组蛋白eGFP和eGFP-AFP,分析重组蛋白的荧光特性及稳定性。结果成功构建和纯化重组蛋白eGFP和eGFP-AFP,荧光光谱分析显示其激发和发射光

  16. 鸡miR-1749生物信息学分析及真核表达载体构建%Bioinformatics Analysis and Eukaryotic Expression Vector Construction of miR-1749 in Chicken

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王顺红; 王善禾; 蒋可人; 李红; 康相涛; 孙桂荣

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the function of miR-1749 and the effect of rs15860000 ( C>T) polymorphism on mature miR-1749 biogenesis. The effect of rs15860000 on the secondary struc-ture of miR-1749 precursor was calculated by the Mfold web server. miR-1749 expression vectors with dif-ferent alleles were constructed using pcDNA3. 1-EGFP plasmid and transfected into DF1 cells. Then,the expression of mature miR-1749 was detected. The potential targets of miR-1749 were predicted by Tar-getScan and miRDB and further evaluated by DAVID. The result showed that the C>T mutation caused the free energy change of miR-1749 precursor secondary structure. The pcDNA3. 1-EGFP-pre-miR-1749-C and pcDNA3. 1-EGFP-pre-miR-1749-T expression vector were constructed successfully. The expression of miR-1749 in cells transfected with the recombinant vector was significantly higher than cells transfected with the empty vector (PT)不同基因型对成熟miRNA生成的影响,采用Mfold软件预测C>T突变对miR-1749前体二级结构能值的影响;选用pcDNA3.1-EG-FP质粒,构建miR-1749前体不同等位基因的真核表达载体并转染DF1细胞,检测成熟miR-1749的表达;利用 TargetScan 和 miRDB 软件预测 miR -1749的靶基因,并将靶基因的并集在DAVID数据库进行GO功能富集和KEGG信号转导通路分析。 Mfold预测结果显示,miR-1749前体C>T突变影响其前体二级结构自由能值;成功构建pcDNA3.1-EGFP-pre-miR-1749-C和pcDNA3.1-EGFP-pre-miR-1749-T真核表达载体,转染DF1细胞后,不同基因型重组质粒miR-1749的表达量均显著高于空质粒组( P<0.01), T等位基因成熟miR-1749的表达量显著高于C等位基因(P<0.05)。2个软件预测结果显示,miR-1749靶基因的并集有250个基因,这些基因显著富集于Ras蛋白信号转导调控、GTPase介导信号转导调控、细胞稳态及胚后发育的生物学过程和GnRH、MAPK及细胞黏附分子的信号转导通路。

  17. Melittin restores PTEN expression by down-regulating HDAC2 in human hepatocelluar carcinoma HepG2 cells.

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    Hui Zhang

    Full Text Available Melittin is a water-soluble toxic peptide derived from the venom of the bee. Although many studies show the anti-tumor activity of melittin in human cancer including glioma cells, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here the effect of melittin on human hepatocelluar carcinoma HepG2 cell proliferation in vitro and further mechanisms was investigated. We found melittin could inhibit cell proliferation in vitro using Flow cytometry and MTT method. Besides, we discovered that melittin significantly downregulated the expressions of CyclinD1 and CDK4. Results of western Blot and Real-time PCR analysis indicated that melittin was capable to upregulate the expression of PTEN and attenuate histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2 expression. Further studies demonstrated that knockdown of HDAC2 completely mimicked the effects of melittin on PTEN gene expression. Conversely, it was that the potential utility of melittin on PTEN expression was reversed in cells treated with a recombinant pEGFP-C2-HDAC2 plasmid. In addition, treatment with melittin caused a downregulation of Akt phosphorylation, while overexpression of HDAC2 promoted Akt phosphorylation. These findings suggested that the inhibitory of cell growth by melittin might be led by HDAC2-mediated PTEN upregulation, Akt inactivation, and inhibition of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathways.

  18. Conditional gene expression and promoter replacement in Zymoseptoria tritici using fungal nitrate reductase promoters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchegiani, Elisabetta; Sidhu, Yaadwinder; Haynes, Ken; Lebrun, Marc-Henri

    2015-06-01

    Studying essential genes in haploid fungi requires specific tools. Conditional promoter replacement (CPR) is an efficient method for testing gene essentiality. However, this tool requires promoters that can be strongly down-regulated. To this end, we tested the nitrate reductase promoters of Magnaporthe oryzae (pMoNIA1) and Zymoseptoria tritici (pZtNIA1) for their conditional expression in Z. tritici. Expression of EGFP driven by pMoNIA1 or pZtNIA1 was induced on nitrate and down-regulated on glutamate (10-fold less than nitrate). Levels of differential expression were similar for both promoters, demonstrating that the Z. tritici nitrogen regulatory network functions with a heterologous promoter similarly to a native promoter. To establish CPR, the promoter of Z. tritici BGS1, encoding a β-1,3-glucan synthase, was replaced by pZtNIA1 using targeted sequence replacement. Growth of pZtNIA1::BGS1 CPR transformants was strongly reduced in conditions repressing pZtNIA1, while their growth was similar to wild type in conditions inducing pZtNIA1. This differential phenotype demonstrates that BGS1 is important for growth in Z. tritici. In addition, in inducing conditions, pZtNIA1::BGS1 CPR transformants were hyper-sensitive to Calcofluor white, a cell wall disorganizing agent. Nitrate reductase promoters are therefore suitable for conditional promoter replacement in Z. tritici. This tool is a major step toward identifying novel fungicide targets.

  19. Arginase-1 is expressed exclusively by infiltrating myeloid cells in CNS injury and disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenhalgh, Andrew D; Passos Dos Santos, Rosmarini; Zarruk, Juan Guillermo; Salmon, Christopher K; Kroner, Antje; David, Samuel

    2016-08-01

    Resident microglia and infiltrating myeloid cells play important roles in the onset, propagation, and resolution of inflammation in central nervous system (CNS) injury and disease. Identifying cell type-specific mechanisms will help to appropriately target interventions for tissue repair. Arginase-1 (Arg-1) is a well characterised modulator of tissue repair and its expression correlates with recovery after CNS injury. Here we assessed the cellular localisation of Arg-1 in two models of CNS damage. Using microglia specific antibodies, P2ry12 and Fc receptor-like S (FCRLS), we show the LysM-EGFP reporter mouse is an excellent model to distinguish infiltrating myeloid cells from resident microglia. We show that Arg-1 is expressed exclusively in infiltrating myeloid cells but not microglia in models of spinal cord injury (SCI) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Our in vitro studies suggest that factors in the CNS environment prevent expression of Arg-1 in microglia in vivo. This work suggests different functional roles for these cells in CNS injury and repair and shows that such repair pathways can be switched on in infiltrating myeloid cells in pro-inflammatory environments. PMID:27126514

  20. Effects of L1-ORF2 fragments on green fluorescent protein gene expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiu-Fang Wang

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The retrotransposon known as long interspersed nuclear element-1 (L1 is 6 kb long, although most L1s in mammalian and other eukaryotic cells are truncated. L1 contains two open reading frames, ORF1 and ORF2, that code for an RNA-binding protein and a protein with endonuclease and reverse transcriptase activities, respectively. In this work, we examined the effects of full length L1-ORF2 and ORF2 fragments on green fluorescent protein gene (GFP expression when inserted into the pEGFP-C1 vector downstream of GFP. All of the ORF2 fragments in sense orientation inhibited GFP expression more than when in antisense orientation, which suggests that small ORF2 fragments contribute to the distinct inhibitory effects of this ORF on gene expression. These results provide the first evidence that different 280-bp fragments have distinct effects on the termination of gene transcription, and that when inserted in the antisense direction, fragment 280-9 (the 3' end fragment of ORF2 induces premature termination of transcription that is consistent with the effect of ORF2.

  1. Heterogeneity of astrocytes: from development to injury - single cell gene expression.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vendula Rusnakova

    Full Text Available Astrocytes perform control and regulatory functions in the central nervous system; heterogeneity among them is still a matter of debate due to limited knowledge of their gene expression profiles and functional diversity. To unravel astrocyte heterogeneity during postnatal development and after focal cerebral ischemia, we employed single-cell gene expression profiling in acutely isolated cortical GFAP/EGFP-positive cells. Using a microfluidic qPCR platform, we profiled 47 genes encoding glial markers and ion channels/transporters/receptors participating in maintaining K(+ and glutamate homeostasis per cell. Self-organizing maps and principal component analyses revealed three subpopulations within 10-50 days of postnatal development (P10-P50. The first subpopulation, mainly immature glia from P10, was characterized by high transcriptional activity of all studied genes, including polydendrocytic markers. The second subpopulation (mostly from P20 was characterized by low gene transcript levels, while the third subpopulation encompassed mature astrocytes (mainly from P30, P50. Within 14 days after ischemia (D3, D7, D14, additional astrocytic subpopulations were identified: resting glia (mostly from P50 and D3, transcriptionally active early reactive glia (mainly from D7 and permanent reactive glia (solely from D14. Following focal cerebral ischemia, reactive astrocytes underwent pronounced changes in the expression of aquaporins, nonspecific cationic and potassium channels, glutamate receptors and reactive astrocyte markers.

  2. Efficiency of different recombinant viral vectors in the transduction of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells a nd exogenous gene expression%不同重组病毒载体转染大鼠骨间充质干细胞的效率及其基因表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘虹; 刘新建; 吴继红; 田毓华; 谢匡成; 陈霞芳; 张圣海; 黄倩; 林志新

    2008-01-01

    够有效感染体外培养的骨髓间充质干细胞,并表达外源基因,感染效率与病毒用量之间存在量效关系.腺相关病毒rAAV1/2和rAAV2体外感染效果不佳.%BACKGROUND: Genetically engineered cells have been used in the replacement therapy and gene therapy. However, how to select proper donor cells, target cells, and corresponding viral vectors is the most difficult in the therapy.OBJECTIVE: To compare the transduction efficiency of recombinant adenovirus Ad5 and AdSF35, adeno-associated virus rAAV1/2 and rAAV2, and lentivirus LV in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and exogenous gene expression level so as to select the vectors, which can efficiently transduce BMSCs.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: Gene engineering controlled observation, performed in the Central Laboratory, Shanghai First People's Hospital between October 2006 and March 2007.MATERIALS: Ten Sprague Dawley rats of clean grade were used to prepare BMSCs. All recombinant viral vectors carded enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) report gene. Ad5 was prepared by the Central Laboratory, Shanghai First People's Hospital. Ad5F35 was gifted by professor Qian Qi-jun from the Second Military Medical University of Chinese PLA. rAAV2 and rAAVI/2 were the products of Benyuan Zhengyang Gene Technique Co.,Ltd. LV was gifted by professor Cuo Li-be from Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cytobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.METHODS: Rat BMSCs were in vitro isolated and cultured by density gradient centrifugation. BMSCs of passage 4 were inoculated into 24-well plate at lxlO5/well. One day later, ceils adhered to the wall and allocated to 5 groups. Ad5-EGFP [10, 100,1 000 multiplicity of infection (MOI)], Ad5F35-EGFP (10,10, 1 000 MOI), rAAVI/2-EGFP (1×104,1x10× vg), rAAV2-EGFP(1×104, 1x105vg), and LV-EGFP (30 TU) were respectively added into the 5 groups. BMSCs were transduced for 2 days with Ad virus and separately for 6 days with rAAV and LV virus.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

  3. Construction of enkaryotic expression vector of major histocompatibility complex class Ⅰ -related chain A and establishment of its stable transfected%MHC-Ⅰ类链相关基因A真核表达载体的构建及稳定转染舌鳞癌细胞的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李超; 杨丹; 石芳琼; 李跃辉; 陈新群; 翦新春; 蒋灿华

    2011-01-01

    目的 构建人类MHC-Ⅰ类链相关基因A(MICA)的真核表达载体,转染人舌鳞癌脑高转移Tca8113-Tb细胞,建立稳定过表达MICA基因的口腔鳞癌细胞系.方法 采用PCR技术扩增pCMV-SPORT6-MICA中编码MICA基因的cDNA序列,重组至有绿色荧光蛋白标记的真核表达载体pEGFP-N1,构建最终的表达载体pEGFP-N1-MICA,脂质体法转染Tca8113-Tb细胞,G418筛选,荧光显微镜下观察绿色荧光蛋白的表达,有限稀释法建立稳定过表达MICA基因的Tca8113-Tb细胞系,RT-PCR、real time PCR和免疫细胞化学检测MICA在该细胞中的表达.结果 通过PCR技术获取TMICA基因并成功克隆入载体,测序鉴定该序列与GenBank中的序列相同.转染的细胞可见绿色荧光蛋白表达,RT-PCR、real time PCR及免疫细胞化学检测到目的 基因MICA在转染细胞中为过表达.结论 pEGFP-N1-MICA真核表达载体的成功构建与稳定转染Tca8113-Tb细胞系的建立,为进一步研究该基因的功能奠定了良好的实验基础.%Objective To construct the eukaryotic expression vector, encoding major histocompatibility complex class Ⅰ -related chain A gene(MICA), for the further research of transfecting Tca8113-Tb cell line(a metastatic cell line of brain metastasis from human tongue cancer Tea8113 cells in nude mouse), and to establish a stable MICA overexpression oral squamons cell line. Methods eDNA of MICA gene from pCMV-SPORT6-MICA was amplified by PCR,and subcloned into eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1 marked with green fluorescent protein (GFP). The recombinant plasmid was sequenced and transfected into Tca8ll3-Tb cell line by lipofectamineTM 2000. After screen culture by C418, stable tranfected Tca8ll3-Tb cell line was established using definite dilution method. The expressions of GFP protein was viewed directly with fluorescence microscopy and the overexpression of MICA was identified by RT-PCR,real time PCR and immunocytochemistry. Results The MICA gene was

  4. Mapping eGFP Oligomer Mobility in Living Cell Nuclei

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolas Dross; Corentin Spriet; Monika Zwerger; Gabriele Müller; Waldemar Waldeck; Jörg Langowski

    2009-01-01

    Movement of particles in cell nuclei can be affected by viscosity, directed flows, active transport, or the presence of obstacles such as the chromatin network. Here we investigate whether the mobility of small fluorescent proteins is affected by the chromatin density. Diffusion of inert fluorescent proteins was studied in living cell nuclei using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) with a two-color confocal scanning detection system. We first present experiments exposing FCS-specific...

  5. Mapping eGFP Oligomer Mobility in Living Cell Nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwerger, Monika; Müller, Gabriele; Waldeck, Waldemar; Langowski, Jörg

    2009-01-01

    Movement of particles in cell nuclei can be affected by viscosity, directed flows, active transport, or the presence of obstacles such as the chromatin network. Here we investigate whether the mobility of small fluorescent proteins is affected by the chromatin density. Diffusion of inert fluorescent proteins was studied in living cell nuclei using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) with a two-color confocal scanning detection system. We first present experiments exposing FCS-specific artifacts encountered in live cell studies as well as strategies to prevent them, in particular those arising from the choice of the fluorophore used for calibration of the focal volume, as well as temperature and acquisition conditions used for fluorescence fluctuation measurements. After defining the best acquisition conditions, we show for various human cell lines that the mobility of GFP varies significantly within the cell nucleus, but does not correlate with chromatin density. The intranuclear diffusional mobility strongly depends on protein size: in a series of GFP-oligomers, used as free inert fluorescent tracers, the diffusion coefficient decreased from the monomer to the tetramer much more than expected for molecules free in aqueous solution. Still, the entire intranuclear chromatin network is freely accessible for small proteins up to the size of eGFP-tetramers, regardless of the chromatin density or cell line. Even the densest chromatin regions do not exclude free eGFP-monomers or multimers. PMID:19347038

  6. Mapping eGFP oligomer mobility in living cell nuclei.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Dross

    Full Text Available Movement of particles in cell nuclei can be affected by viscosity, directed flows, active transport, or the presence of obstacles such as the chromatin network. Here we investigate whether the mobility of small fluorescent proteins is affected by the chromatin density. Diffusion of inert fluorescent proteins was studied in living cell nuclei using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS with a two-color confocal scanning detection system. We first present experiments exposing FCS-specific artifacts encountered in live cell studies as well as strategies to prevent them, in particular those arising from the choice of the fluorophore used for calibration of the focal volume, as well as temperature and acquisition conditions used for fluorescence fluctuation measurements. After defining the best acquisition conditions, we show for various human cell lines that the mobility of GFP varies significantly within the cell nucleus, but does not correlate with chromatin density. The intranuclear diffusional mobility strongly depends on protein size: in a series of GFP-oligomers, used as free inert fluorescent tracers, the diffusion coefficient decreased from the monomer to the tetramer much more than expected for molecules free in aqueous solution. Still, the entire intranuclear chromatin network is freely accessible for small proteins up to the size of eGFP-tetramers, regardless of the chromatin density or cell line. Even the densest chromatin regions do not exclude free eGFP-monomers or multimers.

  7. A self-inactivating retrovector incorporating the IL-2 promoter for activation-induced transgene expression in genetically engineered T-cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lejeune Laurence

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background T-cell activation leads to signaling pathways that ultimately result in induction of gene transcription from the interleukin-2 (IL-2 promoter. We hypothesized that the IL-2 promoter or its synthetic derivatives can lead to T-cell specific, activation-induced transgene expression. Our objective was to develop a retroviral vector for stable and activation-induced transgene expression in T-lymphocytes. Results First, we compared the transcriptional potency of the full-length IL-2 promoter with that of a synthetic promoter composed of 3 repeats of the Nuclear Factor of Activated T-Cells (NFAT element following activation of transfected Jurkat T-cells expressing the large SV40 T antigen (Jurkat TAg. Although the NFAT3 promoter resulted in a stronger induction of luciferase reporter expression post stimulation, the basal levels of the IL-2 promoter-driven reporter expression were much lower indicating that the IL-2 promoter can serve as a more stringent activation-dependent promoter in T-cells. Based on this data, we generated a self-inactivating retroviral vector with the full-length human IL-2 promoter, namely SINIL-2pr that incorporated the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP fused to herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase as a reporter/suicide "bifunctional" gene. Subsequently, Vesicular Stomatitis Virus-G Protein pseudotyped retroparticles were generated for SINIL-2pr and used to transduce the Jurkat T-cell line and the ZAP-70-deficient P116 cell line. Flow cytometry analysis showed that EGFP expression was markedly enhanced post co-stimulation of the gene-modified cells with 1 μM ionomycin and 10 ng/ml phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA. This activation-induced expression was abrogated when the cells were pretreated with 300 nM cyclosporin A. Conclusion These results demonstrate that the SINIL-2pr retrovector leads to activation-inducible transgene expression in Jurkat T-cell lines. We propose that this design can be

  8. Construction of δ-pIRES2-EGFP plasmid and its expression in HEK293 cells%大鼠δ阿片受体基因的pIRES2-EGFP质粒的构建及其在HEK293细胞中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡子有; 漆松涛; 张遐; 曹琼; 吴炳义

    2009-01-01

    目的 构建大鼠δ阿片受体基因的pIRES2-EGFP表达质粒,并实现其在HEK293细胞的表达.方法 提取大鼠脑组织总RNA,通过逆转录巢式PCR,扩增δ受体全长cDNA,克隆至pMD20-T载体中,测序鉴定,经酶切、连接克隆人pIRES2-EGFP中,将获得的δ-pIRES2-EGFP重组子转染人HEK293细胞中,应用荧光显微镜观察EGFP和δ基因表达情况.结果 酶切和测序结果表明δ基因正确构建入 pIRES2-EGFP表达质粒中,转染了重组子的HEK293细胞在荧光显微镜下可以观察到绿色荧光,应用细胞免疫荧光,可以观察到δ基因高强度表达.结论 利用巢式RT-PCR等成功构建了δ-pIRES2-EGFP表达质粒,并在HEK293细胞中实现了高效表达.

  9. Expression and localization of a novel phosducin-like protein from amphioxus Branchiostoma belcheri

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SAREN Gaowa; ZHAO Yonggang

    2009-01-01

    A full length amphioxus cDNA, encoding a novel phosducin-like protein (Amphi-PhLP),was identified for the first time from the gut cDNA library of Branchiostoma belched. It is comprised of 1 550 bp and an open reading frame (ORF) of 241 amino acids, with a predicted molecular mass of approximately 28 kDa. In situ hybridization histocbemistry revealed a tissue-specific expression pattern of Amphi-PhLP with the high levels in the ovary, and at a lower level in the hind gut and testis, hepatic caecum, gill, endostyle, and epipharyngeal groove, while it was absent in the muscle, neural tube and notochord. In the Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells transfected with the expression plasmid pEGFP-NIIAmphi-PhLP, the fusion protein was targeted in the cytoplasm of CHO cells, suggesting that Amphi-PhLP is a cytosolic protein. This work may provide a framework for further understanding of the physiological function of Amphi-PhLP in B. belcheri.

  10. Htr2a gene and 5-HT2A receptor expression in the cerebral cortex studied using genetically modified mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Andrade

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Serotonin receptors of the 5-HT2A subtype are robustly expressed in the cerebral cortex where they have been implicated in the pathophysiology and therapeutics of mental disorders and the actions of hallucinogens. Much less is known, however, about the specific cell types expressing 5-HT2A receptors in cortex. In the current study we use immunohistochemical and electrophysiological approaches in genetically modified mice to address the expression of the Htr2a gene and 5-HT2A receptors in cortex. We first use an EGFP expressing BAC transgenic mice and identify three main Htr2A gene expressing neuronal populations in cortex. The largest of these cell populations corresponds to layer V pyramidal cells of the anterior cortex, followed by GABAergic interneurons of the middle layers, and nonpyramidal cells of the subplate/Layer VIb. We then use 5-HT2A receptor knockout mice to identify an antibody capable of localizing 5-HT2A receptors in brain and use it to map these receptors. We find strong laminar expression of 5-HT2A receptors in cortex, especially along a diffuse band overlaying layer Va. This band exhibits a strong anteroposterior gradient that closely matches the localization of Htr2A expressing pyramidal cells of layer V. Finally we use electrophysiological and immunohistochemical approaches to show that most, but not all, GABAergic interneurons of the middle layers are parvalbumin expressing Fast-spiking interneurons and that these cells are depolarized and excited by serotonin, most likely through the activation of 5-HT2A receptors. These results clarify and extend our understanding of the cellular distribution of 5-HT2A receptors in the cerebral cortex.

  11. Post-transcriptional regulation of dopamine D1 receptor expression in caudate-putamen of cocaine-sensitized mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobón, Krishna E; Catuzzi, Jennifer E; Cote, Samantha R; Sonaike, Adenike; Kuzhikandathil, Eldo V

    2015-07-01

    The dopamine D1 receptor is centrally involved in mediating the effects of cocaine and is essential for cocaine-induced locomotor sensitization. Changes in D1 receptor expression have been reported in various models of cocaine addiction; however, the mechanisms that mediate these changes in D1 receptor expression are not well understood. Using preadolescent drd1a-EGFP mice and a binge cocaine treatment protocol we demonstrate that the D1 receptor is post-transcriptionally regulated in the caudate-putamen of cocaine-sensitized animal. While cocaine-sensitized mice express high levels of steady-state D1 receptor mRNA, the expression of D1 receptor protein is not elevated. We determined that the post-transcriptional regulation of D1 receptor mRNA is rapidly attenuated and D1 receptor protein levels increase within 30 min when the sensitized mice are challenged with cocaine. The rapid increase in D1 receptor protein levels requires de novo protein synthesis and correlates with the cocaine-induced hyperlocomotor activity in the cocaine-sensitized mice. The increase in D1 receptor protein levels in the caudate-putamen inversely correlated with the levels of microRNA 142-3p and 382, both of which regulate D1 receptor protein expression. The levels of these two microRNAs decreased significantly within 5 min of cocaine challenge in sensitized mice. The results provide novel insights into the previously unknown rapid kinetics of D1 receptor protein expression which occurs in a time scale that is comparable to the expression of immediate early genes. Furthermore, the results suggest a potential novel role for inherently labile microRNAs in regulating the rapid expression of D1 receptor protein in cocaine-sensitized animals. PMID:25900179

  12. 人源脑红蛋白转基因秀丽线虫的制备、鉴定及生理功能分析%Construction, characterization and physiological functions of transgenic C.elegans expressing human neuroglobin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石锦平; 任长虹; 李媛; 张继业; 范礼斌; 张成岗

    2011-01-01

    目的 以秀丽隐杆线虫为模式生物制备人源脑红蛋白(human neuroglobin,hNgb)转基因线虫,初步探讨外源性hNgb对线虫寿命和产卵率的影响.方法 通过显微注射方法制备hNgb转基因线虫,使用蛋白印迹和免疫组织化学进行鉴定.使用野生型N2和增强型绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)转基因线虫作为对照组,测量转基因线虫的寿命和产卵率.结果 成功获得hNgb转基因株系线虫,其寿命和产卵率与野生型N2和EGFP转基因线虫相比,差异无统计学意义.结论 外源性hNgb转基因不影响线虫的发育和正常生理功能,可用于Ngb功能的深入研究.%Objective To construct the transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans expressing human neuroglobin(hNgb) and to investigate the effect of hNgb on the brood size and lifespan of C. elegans. Methods The transgenic C. elegans expressing hNgb was obtained with microinjeetion. Expression of hNgb in the transgenic strains was detected by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. The life span and brood size of the C. elegans were detected using wild type N2, while the enhanced green fluorescin protein (EGFP) transgenic strain was used as a control. Results The hNgb transgenic strain was obtained. Compared with wild type C. elegans and EGFP transgenic strain, the transgenic hNgb C. elegans was no statistically significant difference in the life span and brood size. Conclusion The hNgb transgenic strain has no obvious effect on nematode's normal physiological function and could be used for the further functional identification of hNgb.

  13. The vasa regulatory region mediates germline expression and maternal transmission of proteins in the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae: a versatile tool for genetic control strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burt Austin

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Germline specific promoters are an essential component of potential vector control strategies which function by genetic drive, however suitable promoters are not currently available for the main human malaria vector Anopheles gambiae. Results We have identified the Anopheles gambiae vasa-like gene and found its expression to be specifically localized to both the male and female gonads in adult mosquitoes. We have functionally characterised using transgenic reporter lines the regulatory regions required for driving transgene expression in a pattern mirroring that of the endogenous vasa locus. Two reporter constructs indicate the existence of distinct vasa regulatory elements within the 5' untranslated regions responsible not only for the spatial and temporal but also for the sex specific germline expression. vasa driven eGFP expression in the ovary of heterozygous mosquitoes resulted in the progressive accumulation of maternal protein and transcript in developing oocytes that were then detectable in all embryos and neonatal larvae. Conclusion We have characterized the vasa regulatory regions that are not only suited to drive transgenes in the early germline of both sexes but could also be utilized to manipulate the zygotic genome of developing embryos via maternal deposition of active molecules. We have used computational models to show that a homing endonuclease-based gene drive system can function in the presence of maternal deposition and describe a novel non-invasive control strategy based on early vasa driven homing endonuclease expression.

  14. Expression of Two N1 Clones with Single Amino Acid Dissimilarity of Avian Influenza H5N1 Virus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RISZA HARTAWAN

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Two clones of N1 gene derived from isolate A/Dk/Tangerang/Bbalitvet-ACIAR-TE11/2007 (H5N1 exhibit single mismatch of amino acid sequence at position 242 that is threonine and methionine for the clone #3 and #5, respectively. In order to evaluate the effect of the amino acid substitution, these clones were inserted into two different expression vectors that are pEGFP-C1 and pcDNA-3.3 TOPO® TA cloning. Subsequently, the respective recombinant clones were transfected into eukaryotic cells, including CEF, RK13 and VERO using Lipofectamine ‘plus’ reagent. As a result, the clone #3 retaining atypical sequence showed lower expression level rather than the clone #15 in both vectors and all type of cells. The 3D conformational modelling revealed that the mutation occurs in the inner part of glycoprotein embedded within envelope or matrix. Therefore, the missense mutation seems has no effect on the antigenic properties of neuraminidase but this substitution by any means causes lethal mutagenesis in the individual gene expression by reducing level of protein transcript.

  15. Stable expression of mouse IFN-λ2 in CHO cells and its biological activity analysis%鼠IFN-λ2 CHO细胞系建立及生物学活性的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严玉兰; 袁利学; 刘洋; 曹文雁; 步雪峰; 步志高; 郑金旭

    2010-01-01

    目的 稳定表达鼠IFN-λ2并对其生物学活性进行研究.方法 用水疱口炎病毒(vesicular stomatitis virus,VSV)刺激小鼠脾脏细胞,克隆mIFN-λ2全长基因,构建真核表达载体PCAGG-EGFP-mIFN-λ2,并在CHO细胞稳定表达,且在小鼠黑色素瘤B16细胞上进行抗病毒活性测定;构建MDBK-Mxp-Luc细胞系诱导Mx1抗病毒蛋白产生.结果 pMD18-T-mIFN-λ2双酶切鉴定,出现582 bp大小的条带,成功构建了PCAGG-EGFP-mIFN-λ2真核表达载体;稳定表达mIFN-λ2 CHO的细胞株分泌的上清中mIFN-λ2蛋白在B16细胞上的抗病毒活性为10~4 AU/ml;mIFN-λ2蛋白诱导鼠Mx1抗病毒蛋白的表达,9~12 h达高峰,24 h后消失(P<0.05).结论 建立了稳定表达mIFN-λ2的CHO细胞株,其分泌型mIFN-λ2蛋白具有明显的抗病毒活性,且与诱导Mx1抗病毒蛋白密切相关.%Objective To express mouse IFN-λ2 stably and study its biological activity. Methods Full-length of mIFN-λ2 cDNA was obtained by using RT-PCR from cells of mouse spleen stimulated by ve-sicular stomatitis virus(VSV) and then subcloned to eukaryotic expressing vector PCAGG-EGFP. The recom-binant was transfected into CHO cells. VSV * GFP-B16 system was used to measure the antivirus activity. The constructed cell line MDBK-Mxp-Luc was used to study the character of Mx1 protein induced by the mIFN-λ2. Results The recombinant pMD18-T-mIFN-λ2 was digested by two kinds of enzyme, Sac I and Xho I, to produce the fragment was of 582 bp, and of which the sequence analysis of sequence shows it was entirely consistent with the nucleotide sequences reported in GenBank. PCAGG-EGFP-mIFN-λ2 eukaryotic expressing vector was constructed successfully and expressed stably in CHO cells, and the mRNA of mIFN-λ2 was verified expressing in CHO-PCAGG-EGFP-mIFN-λ2 cell line by RT-PCR. The antivirus activity of in the supernatant secreted by the CHO-PCAGG-EGFP-mIFN-λ2 cell line was 10~4 AU/ml. The mIFN-λ2 pro-tein can could induce the expression of

  16. mTEL-cFms激酶结构域融合蛋白真核表达载体的构建及其对信号转导和转录激活因子核转位的影响%Establishment of mTEL-cFmskd eukaryotic expression vector and its effect on STAT1/3 nuclear translocation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨胜乾; 龙隆; 李微; 王莉莉

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To construct a eukaryotic expression vector of mTEL-cFmskd and study its effect on nuclear translocation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 1/3 ( STAT1/3 ). METHODS By recombinant DNA technology, the DNA sequence of polypeptide for myristoylation of human c-Src, helix-loop-helix domain of human TEL, kinase domain of macro-phage colony-stimulating factor receptor and c-Myc tag were inserted into pCORON/neo plasmid to generate pCORON/neo-HcSrc-Tel-cfmskd-Myc eukaryotic expression vector. The mTEL-cFmskd expression vector pCORON/neo-HcSrc-Tel-cfmskd-Myc and the c-Fms expression vector pCORON/ neo-cfms were transfected into U2OS ( expressing GFP-STAT1 ) and BHK ( expressing EGFP-STAT3) cells. After 24 h, the cells were fixed, stained and then imaged on the IN Cell Analyzer 1000. The image was analyzed using the Nuclear Trafficking Analysis Module. RESULTS Restriction enzyme digestion and plasmid sequencing confirmed the successful construction of pCORON/neo-HcSrc-Tel-cfmskd-Myc plasmid. mTEL-cFmskd was expressed in cells, and caused nuclear translocation of GFP-STAT1 and EGFP-STAT3 24 h after transfection. C-Fms inhibitors GW2580 and Sutent could block the nuclear translocation of EGFP-STAT3 by mTEL-cFmskd. CONCLUSION mTEL-cFmskd expression vector pCORON/neo-HcSrc-Tel-cfmskd-Myc is successfully constructed and functional mTEL-cFmskd is expressed in GFP-STAT1_U2OS and EGFP-STAT3_BHK cells.%目的 构建激酶盘真核表达载体,观察豆蔻酰化的TEL转录调节因子HLH结构域与c-Fms激酶结构域融合蛋白( mTEL-cFmskd)的表达对信号转导和转录激活因子1(STAT1)和STAT3核转位的影响.方法 利用DNA重组技术,将人的c-Src豆蔻酰化多肽、TEL转录调节因子HLH结构域、c-Fms激酶结构域以及c-Myc标签的DNA序列克隆在pCORON/neo载体上,构建pCORON/neo-HcSrc-Tel-cfmskd-Myc真核表达载体.将载体转染至稳定表达GFP-STAT1的人骨肉瘤细胞(U2OS)和稳定表达EGFP-STAT3

  17. Adenoviral vector mediated-expression of caspase-3 siRNA on apoptosis induced by lipopolysaccharide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Feixiang; Yu Weifeng; Yuan Yang; Miao Xuerong; Xu Xuewu; Huang Shengdong; Sun Yuming

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To construct the recombinant adenovirus expressing small RNA of rats caspase-3 and observe the down-regulation effect of caspase-3 in neurons induced by lipopolysaccharide(LPS) in vitro. Methods: pShuttleH1-siCas3 containing Oligo DNA of the targeting sequences and pEGFPC1-Cas3 containing caspase-3 and EGFP sequences were constructed respectively, pShuttleH1-siCas3 and pEGFPC1-Cas3 were co-transfected to the 293 cells by liposomes to determine interfering efficacy by flow eytometry, pShuttleH1-siCas3 was linearized and transformed into E. coli BJ5183 cells containing backbone plasmid pAdEasy-1. The recombinant plasmid was transfected into 293 cells to package the adenovirus Ad-siCas3. The titers of adenovirus were determined by the specific 50% tissue culture infection dosage method. After virus infected the cultured hippocampus neurons, LPS-induced apoptosis and caspase-3 mRNA expression were observed. Results: It was identified that the sequence of target gene was correctly inserted into the genome of virus. The expression of green fluorescence protein was reduced by pShuttleH1-siCas3 in 293 cells. The titer of recombinant adenovirus was 1.06×1010 pfu/ml. After virus infection, caspase-3 mRNA was greatly reduced and neurons apoptosis was suppressed. Conclusion: The recombinant adenovirus expressing rats caspase-3 siRNA were successfully constructed, which may probably be further used in pain therapy by its anti-apoptosis effect.

  18. Feeding strategies enhance high cell density cultivation and protein expression in milliliter scale bioreactors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faust, Georg; Janzen, Nils H; Bendig, Christoph; Römer, Lin; Kaufmann, Klaus; Weuster-Botz, Dirk

    2014-10-01

    Miniature bioreactors under parallel fed-batch operations are not only useful screening tools for bioprocess development but also provide a suitable basis for eventual scale-up. In this study, three feeding strategies were investigated: besides the established intermittent feeding by a liquid handler, an optimized microfluidic device and a new enzymatic release system were applied for parallel fed-batch cultivation of Escherichia coli HMS174(DE3) and BL21(DE3) strains in stirred-tank bioreactors on a 10 mL scale. Lower fluctuation in dissolved oxygen (DO) and higher optical densities were measured in fed-batch processes applying the microfluidic device or the enzymatic glucose/fructose release system (conversion of intermittently added sucrose by an invertase), but no difference in dry cell weights (DCW) were observed. With all three feeding strategies high cell densities were realized on a milliliter scale with final optical density measured at 600 nm (OD600 ) of 114-133 and final DCW concentrations of 69-70 g L(-1) . The effect of feeding strategies on the expression of two heterologous proteins was investigated. Whereas no impact was observed on the expression of the spider silk protein eADF4(C16), the fluorescence of enhanced green fluorescence protein (eGFP) was reproducibly lower, if an intermittent glucose feed was applied. Thus, the impact of feeding strategy on expression is strongly dependent on the E. coli strain and/or expressed protein. As a completely continuous feed supply is difficult to realize in miniature bioreactors, the enzymatic release approach from this study can be easily applied in all microfluidic system to reduce fluctuations of glucose supply and DO concentrations.

  19. Generation and characterization of blood vessel specific EGFP transgenic zebrafish via Tol2 transposon mediated enhancer trap screen%利用Tol2转座子介导的增强子诱捕技术获得血管相关转基因斑马鱼系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛峪霖; 肖安; 文路; 贾岳; 高岳; 朱作言; 林硕; 张博

    2010-01-01

    心血管系统形成于胚胎发育极早期并为其他器官的发育、维持、修复所必需,血管生长异常可造成多种疾病.然而,由于研究对象所限,胚胎血管的发育机制尚未完全阐明,调控血管发育的基因也所知有限.通过Tol2转座子介导的大规模增强子诱捕筛选到26个血管特异表达绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)报告基因的转基因斑马鱼系,其中有一些品系在胚胎的某些特异血管结构中表达绿色荧光.通过linker-mediated PCR克隆到22个鱼系中Tol2插入位点附近的斑马鱼基因组序列,其中有17个鱼系的Tol2插入可定位到现有的斑马鱼基因组中的单一位点.通过整体胚胎原位杂交对插入位点附近的基因进行表达谱分析,得到8个表达谱与转基因鱼系一致的基因,涵盖了9个鱼系,其中dusp5基因对应于2个不同的鱼系.这8个基因中包括hhex、ets1a和dusp5等3个功能已知的基因,但是大部分(5个)基因在斑马鱼中尚无功能研究,分别为zvsg1、micall2a、arl8b(1 of 2)、zgc:73355以及hecw2(1 of 2).hhex和ets1a基因对血管与血细胞前体的发育具有重要作用,所获得的EGFP报告基因受hhex或ets1a基因增强子控制的转基因斑马鱼(mp378b和mp430c-2)为国际首例,为深入研究这两个基因在血管与血液发育中的作用机制提供了新的机遇.筛选到的功能未知基因可以用来进一步研究其在血管发育中的功能;同时,利用所获得的转基因鱼系,可以实现实时、动态观察成血管细胞的起源、分化与基因表达调控,并可用于高通量小分子药物筛选等重要研究.

  20. Six1 induces protein synthesis signaling expression in duck myoblasts mainly via up-regulation of mTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haohan Wang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract As a critical transcription factor, Six1 plays an important role in the regulation of myogenesis and muscle development. However, little is known about its regulatory mechanism associated with muscular protein synthesis. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of overexpression ofSix1 on the expression of key protein metabolism-related genes in duck myoblasts. Through an experimental model where duck myoblasts were transfected with a pEGFP-duSix1 construct, we found that overexpression of duckSix1 could enhance cell proliferation activity and increase mRNA expression levels of key genes involved in the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, while the expression of FOXO1, MuRF1and MAFbx was not significantly altered, indicating thatSix1 could promote protein synthesis in myoblasts through up-regulating the expression of several related genes. Additionally, in duck myoblasts treated with LY294002 and rapamycin, the specific inhibitors ofPI3K and mTOR, respectively, the overexpression of Six1 could significantly ameliorate inhibitive effects of these inhibitors on protein synthesis. Especially, the mRNA expression levels of mTOR and S6K1 were observed to undergo a visible change, and a significant increase in protein expression of S6K1 was seen. These data suggested that Six1plays an important role in protein synthesis, which may be mainly due to activation of the mTOR signaling pathway.

  1. Bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase-based expression in Pichia pastoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobl, Birgit; Hock, Björn; Schneck, Sandra; Fischer, Reinhard; Mack, Matthias

    2013-11-01

    A novel Pichia pastoris expression vector (pEZT7) for the production of recombinant proteins employing prokaryotic bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase (T7 RNAP) (EC 2.7.7.6) and the corresponding promoter pT7 was constructed. The gene for T7 RNAP was stably introduced into the P. pastoris chromosome 2 under control of the (endogenous) constitutive P. pastoris glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAP) promoter (pGAP). The gene product T7 RNAP was engineered to contain a nuclear localization signal, which directed recombinant T7 RNAP to the P. pastoris nucleus. To promote translation of uncapped T7 RNAP derived transcripts, the internal ribosomal entry site from hepatitis C virus (HCV-IRES) was inserted directly upstream of the multiple cloning site of pEZT7. A P. pastoris autonomous replicating sequence (PARS1) was integrated into pEZT7 enabling propagation and recovery of plasmids from P. pastoris. Rapid amplification of 5' complementary DNA ends (5' RACE) experiments employing the test plasmid pEZT7-EGFP revealed that transcripts indeed initiated at pT7. HCV-IRES mediated translation of the latter mRNAs, however, was not observed. Surprisingly, HCV-IRES and the reverse complement of PARS1 (PARS1rc) were both found to display significant promoter activity as shown by 5' RACE. PMID:24056257

  2. Development of a transient expression assay for detecting environmental oestrogens in zebrafish and medaka embryos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Okhyun

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Oestrogenic contaminants are widespread in the aquatic environment and have been shown to induce adverse effects in both wildlife (most notably in fish and humans, raising international concern. Available detecting and testing systems are limited in their capacity to elucidate oestrogen signalling pathways and physiological impacts. Here we developed a transient expression assay to investigate the effects of oestrogenic chemicals in fish early life stages and to identify target organs for oestrogenic effects. To enhance the response sensitivity to oestrogen, we adopted the use of multiple tandem oestrogen responsive elements (EREc38 in a Tol2 transposon mediated Gal4ff-UAS system. The plasmid constructed (pTol2_ERE-TATA-Gal4ff, contains three copies of oestrogen response elements (3ERE that on exposure to oestrogen induces expression of Gal4ff which this in turn binds Gal4-responsive Upstream Activated Sequence (UAS elements, driving the expression of a second reporter gene, EGFP (Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein. Results The response of our construct to oestrogen exposure in zebrafish embryos was examined using a transient expression assay. The two plasmids were injected into 1–2 cell staged zebrafish embryos, and the embryos were exposed to various oestrogens including the natural steroid oestrogen 17ß-oestradiol (E2, the synthetic oestrogen 17α- ethinyloestradiol (EE2, and the relatively weak environmental oestrogen nonylphenol (NP, and GFP expression was examined in the subsequent embryos using fluorescent microscopy. There was no GFP expression detected in unexposed embryos, but specific and mosaic expression of GFP was detected in the liver, heart, somite muscle and some other tissue cells for exposures to steroid oestrogen treatments (EE2; 10 ng/L, E2; 100 ng/L, after 72 h exposures. For the NP exposures, GFP expression was observed at 10 μg NP/L after 72 h (100 μg NP/L was toxic to the fish. We

  3. CpG-island fragments from the HNRPA2B1/CBX3 genomic locus reduce silencing and enhance transgene expression from the hCMV promoter/enhancer in mammalian cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irvine Alistair

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The hCMV promoter is very commonly used for high level expression of transgenes in mammalian cells, but its utility is hindered by transcriptional silencing. Large genomic fragments incorporating the CpG island region of the HNRPA2B1 locus are resistant to transcriptional silencing. Results In this report we describe studies on the use of a novel series of vectors combining the HNRPA2B1 CpG island with the hCMV promoter for expression of transgenes in CHO-K1 cells. We show that the CpG island gives at least twenty-fold increases in the levels of EGFP and EPO observed in pools of transfectants, and that transgene expression levels remain high in such pools for more than 100 generations. These novel vectors also allow facile isolation of clonal CHO-K1 cell lines showing stable, high-level transgene expression. Conclusion Vectors incorporating the hnRPA2B1 CpG island give major benefits in transgene expression from the hCMV promoter, including substantial improvements in the level and stability of expression. The utility of these vectors for the improved production of recombinant proteins in CHO cells has been demonstrated.

  4. Recombinant Pseudorabies Virus (PRV Expressing Firefly Luciferase Effectively Screened for CRISPR/Cas9 Single Guide RNAs and Antiviral Compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-Dong Tang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A Pseudorabies virus (PRV variant has emerged in China since 2011 that is not protected by commercial vaccines, and has not been well studied. The PRV genome is large and difficult to manipulate, but it is feasible to use clustered, regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR/Cas9 technology. However, identification of single guide RNA (sgRNA through screening is critical to the CRISPR/Cas9 system, and is traditionally time and labor intensive, and not suitable for rapid and high throughput screening of effective PRV sgRNAs. In this study, we developed a recombinant PRV strain expressing firefly luciferase and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP as a reporter virus for PRV-specific sgRNA screens and rapid evaluation of antiviral compounds. Luciferase activity was apparent as soon as 4 h after infection and was stably expressed through 10 passages. In a proof of the principle screen, we were able to identify several PRV specific sgRNAs and confirmed that they inhibited PRV replication using traditional methods. Using the reporter virus, we also identified PRV variants lacking US3, US2, and US9 gene function, and showed anti-PRV activity for chloroquine. Our results suggest that the reporter PRV strain will be a useful tool for basic virology studies, and for developing PRV control and prevention measures.

  5. Express web application development

    CERN Document Server

    Yaapa, Hage

    2013-01-01

    Express Web Application Development is a practical introduction to learning about Express. Each chapter introduces you to a different area of Express, using screenshots and examples to get you up and running as quickly as possible.If you are looking to use Express to build your next web application, ""Express Web Application Development"" will help you get started and take you right through to Express' advanced features. You will need to have an intermediate knowledge of JavaScript to get the most out of this book.

  6. Facial Expression Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Neeta Sarode; Prof. Shalini Bhatia

    2010-01-01

    Facial expression analysis is rapidly becoming an area of intense interest in computer science and human-computer interaction design communities. The most expressive way humans display emotions is through facial expressions. In this paper a method is implemented using 2D appearance-based local approach for the extraction of intransient facial features and recognition of four facial expressions. The algorithm implements Radial Symmetry Transform and further uses edge projection analysis for fe...

  7. After Effects expressions

    CERN Document Server

    Geduld, Marcus

    2013-01-01

    Put the power of Expressions to work in your animations with controls and efficiencies impossible to achieve with traditional keyframing techniques. No programming skills are required. Foundation concepts and skills orient the new designer and serve as a handy reference to the experienced one. Basics of creating expressions, variables, commands, and expression helpers precede the leap into javascript and math essentials for more advanced expressions that include randomness, physical simularions and 3D. Full color illustrations display the scripts and the resulti

  8. Extrachromosomal inducible expression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veltman, Douwe M; Van Haastert, Peter J M; Eichinger, L.; Rivero, F.

    2013-01-01

    Inducible expression systems are very convenient for proteins that induce strong side effects such as retardation of growth or development and are essential for the expression of toxic proteins. In this chapter we describe the doxycycline-inducible expression system, optimized for the controlled exp

  9. Tumor cell adhesion to endothelial cells is increased by endotoxin via an upregulation of beta-1 integrin expression.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Andrews, E J

    2012-02-03

    BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated that metastatic disease develops from tumor cells that adhere to endothelial cells and proliferate intravascularly. The beta-1 integrin family and its ligand laminin have been shown to be important in tumor-to-endothelial cell adhesion. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been implicated in the increased metastatic tumor growth that is seen postoperatively. We postulated that LPS increases tumor cell expression of beta-1 integrins and that this leads to increased adhesion. METHODS: The human metastatic colon cancer cell line LS174T was labeled with an enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) using retroviral transfection. Cell cultures were treated with LPS for 1, 2, and 4 h (n = 6 each) and were subsequently cocultured for 30 or 120 min with confluent human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), to allow adherence. Adherent tumor cells were counted using fluorescence microscopy. These experiments were carried out in the presence or absence of a functional blocking beta-1 integrin monoclonal antibody (4B4). Expression of beta-1 integrin and laminin on tumor and HUVECs was assessed using flow cytometric analysis. Tumor cell NF-kappaB activation after incubation with LPS was measured. RESULTS: Tumor cell and HUVEC beta-1 integrin expression and HUVEC expression of laminin were significantly (P < 0.05) enhanced after incubation with LPS. Tumor cell adhesion to HUVECs was significantly increased. Addition of the beta-1 integrin blocking antibody reduced tumor cell adhesion to control levels. LPS increased tumor cell NF-kappaB activation. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to LPS increases tumor cell adhesion to the endothelium through a beta-1 integrin-mediated pathway that is NF-kappaB dependent. This may provide a target for immunotherapy directed at reducing postoperative metastatic tumor growth.

  10. Embryonic stem cells and mice expressing different GFP variants for multiple non-invasive reporter usage within a single animal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Macmaster Suzanne

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Non-invasive autofluorescent reporters have revolutionized lineage labeling in an array of different organisms. In recent years green fluorescent protein (GFP from the bioluminescent jellyfish Aequoria Victoria has gained popularity in mouse transgenic and gene targeting regimes 1. It offers several advantages over conventional gene-based reporters, such as lacZ and alkaline phosphatase, in that its visualization does not require a chromogenic substrate and can be realized in vivo. We have previously demonstrated the utility and developmental neutrality of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP in embryonic stem (ES cells and mice 2. Results In this study we have used embryonic stem (ES cell-mediated transgenesis to test the enhanced cyan fluorescent protein (ECFP and enhanced yellow fluorescent protein (EYFP, two mutant and spectrally distinct color variants of wild type (wt GFP. We have also tested DsRed1, the novel red fluorescent protein reporter recently cloned from the Discostoma coral by virtue of its homology to GFP. To this end, we have established lines of ES cells together with viable and fertile mice having widespread expression of either the ECFP or EYFP GFP-variant reporters. However, we were unable to generate equivalent DsRed1 lines, suggesting that DsRed1 is not developmentally neutral or that transgene expression cannot be sustained constitutively. Balanced (diploid diploid and polarized (tetraploid diploid chimeras comprising combinations of the ECFP and EYFP ES cells and/or embryos, demonstrate that populations of cells expressing each individual reporter can be distinguished within a single animal. Conclusions GFP variant reporters are unique in allowing non-invasive multi-spectral visualization in live samples. The ECFP and EYFP-expressing transgenic ES cells and mice that we have generated provide sources of cells and tissues for combinatorial, double-tagged recombination experiments, chimeras or

  11. Stem cells with FGF4-bFGF fused gene enhances the expression of bFGF and improves myocardial repair in rats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Xiang-Qi; Chen, Liang-Long, E-mail: xhzlyx@126.com; Fan, Lin; Fang, Jun; Chen, Zhao-Yang; Li, Wei-Wei

    2014-04-25

    Highlights: • BFGF exists only in the cytoplasm of live cells. • BFGF cannot be secreted into the extracellular space to promote cell growth. • We combine the secretion-promoting signal peptide of FGF4. • We successfully modified BMSCs with the fused genes of FGF4-bFGF. • We promoted the therapeutic effects of transplanted BMSCs in myocardial infarction. - Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the modification of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) with the fused FGF4 (fibroblast growth factor 4)-bFGF (basic fibroblast growth factor) gene could improve the expression and secretion of BFGF, and increase the efficacies in repairing infarcted myocardium. We used In-Fusion technique to construct recombinant lentiviral vectors containing the individual gene of bFGF, enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP), or genes of FGF4-bFGF and EGFP, and then transfected these lentiviruses into rat BMSCs. We conducted an in vitro experiment to compare the secretion of bFGF in BMSCs infected by these lentiviruses and also examined their therapeutic effects in the treatment of myocardial infraction in a rodent study. Sixty rats were tested in the following five conditions: Group-SHAM received only sham operation as controls; Group-AMI received only injection of placebo PBS buffer; Group-BMSC, Group-bFGF and Group-FGF4-bFGF received implantation of BMSCs with empty lentivirus, bFGF lentivirus, and FGF4-bFGF lentivirus, respectively. Our results found out that the transplanted FGF4-bFGF BMSCs had the highest survival rate, and also the highest myocardial expression of bFGF and microvascular density as evidenced by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry, respectively. As compared to other groups, the Group-FGF4-BFGF rats had the lowest myocardial fibrotic fraction, and the highest left ventricular ejection fraction. These results suggest that the modification of BMSCs with the FGF4-bFGF fused gene can not only increase the expression of

  12. Effect of GalR2 gene expression on the depression in mice models%GalR2基因的表达对小鼠抑郁症影响的初步探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丹; 杨春; 何永林; 徐蕾; 靳志栋; 张鹏; 冯鑫

    2011-01-01

    目的 建立C57BL/6J小鼠抑郁症模型,探讨GalR2基因表达对小鼠抑郁症的影响.方法 脂质体转染重组真核表达质粒pEGFP-GalR2至人宫颈癌细胞系Hela细胞,Western blotting检测GalR2基因在细胞内的表达.参照CUMS和CORT建模方法构建小鼠抑郁症模型.侧脑室注射脂质体包裹的pEGFP-GalR2质粒,观察GalR2基因表达对小鼠抑郁症的影响.结果 通过Western blotting鉴定了GalR2基因获得表达.抑郁症模型小鼠体重增加量、摄食量、液体消耗实验中糖水消耗和糖水偏爱百分比均明显下降,纯水消耗显著提高;强迫游泳实验中挣扎时间和游泳时间缩短,不动时间延长.侧脑室注射pEGFP-GalR2后小鼠行为学改变未得到有统计学意义的结果.结论 成功鉴定了GalR2基因在细胞内的表达.成功构建C57BL/6J小鼠抑郁症模型.CORT模型造模效果要优于CUMS模型.GalR2蛋白对抑郁症的影响有待后续实验进一步探讨.%To establish the C57BL/6J mice model of depression and evaluate the influence of GalR2 gene expression on depression. Method The eukaryotic expression recombinant plasmid Pegfp-GofR2 was transiently transfected into Hela cells, and the expression of CaLR2 gene was detected by Western blotting. The mice model of depression was constructed by CUMS and CORT. The plasmid Pegfp-Go2R2 was injected intracerebroventricularly, and the influence of GalK2 gene expression on depression was evaluated. The GalR2 gene expression products in Hela cells were detected by Western blotting. Result Body weight, food intake, sugar consumption and the percentage of preference for sugar of the depressed mice were significantly decreased and pure water consumption was increased compared with control group. In forced swim test, the depressed mice spent less time on swimming and struggling, and more time on immobilit-ing. Behavioral changes after ICV (intracerebrovenlricular injection) had no statistically significant results

  13. Gene Clone, Subcellular Localization of Expression Products of H-FABP and the Preparation of Transgenic Mice in Xuhuai Goat%徐淮山羊H-FABP基因克隆、表达产物亚细胞定位的研究及转基因小鼠的制备

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阴彦辉; 韦光辉; 李伟; 朱才业; 张亚妮; 杜立新; 曹文广; 李碧春

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to clone heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) gene cDNA of Xuhuai goat, and to explore its bioinformatics function and the possibility of preparation of transgenic animals among heterogeneous species. The subcelluar location H-FABP was detected by EGFP fusion protein and its expression was observed in vitro. Reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) technology was used to clone the H-FABP gene cDNA of Xuhuai goat, its biological information characteristics was analyzed by online software, then the expression vector pEGFP-H-FABP was constructed. The transfection of goat fibroblasts (GEF) was performed by Liposomes (LTX), and fluorescence was observed under inverted microscope after 48 h. The RT-PCR was conducted to detect mRNA expression of H-FABP in GEF. The pEGFP-H-FABP was injected into mouse testicular and its expression was detected at the level of DNA and protein. The complete CDS size of H-FABP was 402 bp, encoding 133 amino acids with GenBank accession number (AY466498.1). The H-FABP cDNA coding sequence was compared with the corresponding regions of human, chicken, brown rat, cow, wild boar, donkey and zebra fish, the similarity was 89% , 76%, 85% , 84% , 93% , 91% , 70% , respectively, amino acid sequence homol-ogy was 90%, 79%, 88%, 97%, 95%, 94%, 72%, respectively. The signal peptide was not found in H-FABP protein. The RT-PCR results showed the H-FABP mRNA expressed successfully in vitro. pEGFP-H-FABP was successfully constructed, and H-FABP mRNA was expressed. The H-FABP protein was localized in the cytoplasm which was in line with the result of online prediction. The gene can aslo be expressed in mice transiently and persistencely after intravenous and testicular injection. The H-FABP gene cDNA of Xuhuai goat was cloned successfully, and it was conservative during the evolutionary process, there was no signal peptide in protein. The H-FABP protein was located in the cytoplasm, and also could be expressed in mice

  14. [Homology modeling and eukaryotic expression of a modified αβ TCR harboring the immunoglobulin-like domain of γδ TCR].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Changli; Shao, Hongwei; Shen, Han; Huang, Shulin

    2016-08-01

    Objective To design, construct and express a chimeric αβ TCR harboring the immunoglobulin-like (Ig) domain of γδ TCR in Jurkat T cells. Methods The fusion sites of TCR δIg were determined by bioinformatics analysis. Then the protein structures of TCR α δIg and TCR β δIg were predicted by homology modeling. Furthermore, the structures of TCR α δIg and TCR β δIg were compared with the wild type (wt) TCR α and TCR β respectively by combinatorial extension (CE). After that, the TCR α δIg and TCR β δIg were fused to fluorescent protein ECFP and EYFP respectively via the overlap PCR, and then the fusion genes (TCR α δIg-ECFP and TCR β δIg-EYFP) were cloned into pIRES2-EGFP vector and respectively located at the upstream and downstream of an internal ribosome entry site (IRES). The recombinant prokaryotic expression vector pIRES-TCR βδIg-EYFP/TCR αδIg-ECFP was transferred into Jurkat T cells. Finally, the expression of TCR δIg in Jurkat T cells was monitored by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Results The variable region structure of the TCR δIg did not change and the antigen recognition active regions remained stable compared to the wtTCR. The recombinant expression plasmid was successfully constructed as confirmed by PCR identification and sequencing analysis. CLSM showed that TCR δIg was expressed and located at the plasma membrane of Jurkat T cells. Conclusion The design of TCR δIg was reasonable and the TCR δIg could be expressed on Jurkat T cell surface. PMID:27412930

  15. Retroviral induction of GSK-3β expression blocks the stimulatory action of physical exercise on the maturation of newborn neurons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llorens-Martín, María; Teixeira, Catia M; Jurado-Arjona, Jerónimo; Rakwal, Randeep; Shibato, Junko; Soya, Hideaki; Ávila, Jesús

    2016-09-01

    Adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) is a key process for certain types of hippocampal-dependent learning. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is accompanied by memory deficits related to alterations in AHN. Given that the increased activity of GSK-3β has been related to alterations in the population of hippocampal granule neurons in AD patients, we designed a novel methodology by which to induce selective GSK-3β overexpression exclusively in newborn granule neurons. To this end, we injected an rtTA-IRES-EGFP-expressing retrovirus into the hippocampus of tTO-GSK-3β mice. Using this novel retroviral strategy, we found that GSK-3β caused a cell-autonomous impairment of the morphological and synaptic maturation of newborn neurons. In addition, we examined whether GSK-3β overexpression in newborn neurons limits the effects of physical activity. While physical exercise increased the number of dendritic spines, the percentage of mushroom spines, and the head diameter of the same in tet-OFF cells, these effects were not triggered in tet-ON cells. This observation suggests that GSK-3β blocks the stimulatory actions of exercise. Given that the activity of GSK-3β is increased in the brains of individuals with AD, these data may be relevant for non-pharmacological therapies for AD. PMID:27010990

  16. Cloning and construction of sense and antisense eukaryotic expression vector of human Pin1%正反义人Pin1基因克隆及真核表达载体的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊文化; 陈安民; 郭风劲

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To clone and construct eukaryotic expressing vectors of sense and antisense human Pin1 (hPin1)genes.Methods: Total RNA was extracted from MG-63 cells,then the hPin1 cDNA was amplified by RT-PCR.The same time the sense and antisense hPin1 genes were formed by binding BamH Ⅰ and Hind Ⅲ in cis and trans-directions.At the end they were cloned into the eukaryotic expressing vector pIRES2-EGFP in cis and trans directions using DNA recombinant technology.The recombinant vectors were further identified by digestion of BamH Ⅰ and Hind Ⅲ.Results: The results of sequencing showed that the orientation of the ligations and the reading frame were correct.After digested by BamH Ⅰ and Hind Ⅲ,two fragments exhibiting 5.3 kb and 0.99 kb were formed in sense and antisense eukaryotic expressing vectors.Electrophoretic results were completely coincident with theoretical calculation.Conclusion: Human Pin1 sense and antisense genes were successfully cloned and eukaryotic expressing vectors were successfully constructed.

  17. Holistic facial expression classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghent, John; McDonald, J.

    2005-06-01

    This paper details a procedure for classifying facial expressions. This is a growing and relatively new type of problem within computer vision. One of the fundamental problems when classifying facial expressions in previous approaches is the lack of a consistent method of measuring expression. This paper solves this problem by the computation of the Facial Expression Shape Model (FESM). This statistical model of facial expression is based on an anatomical analysis of facial expression called the Facial Action Coding System (FACS). We use the term Action Unit (AU) to describe a movement of one or more muscles of the face and all expressions can be described using the AU's described by FACS. The shape model is calculated by marking the face with 122 landmark points. We use Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to analyse how the landmark points move with respect to each other and to lower the dimensionality of the problem. Using the FESM in conjunction with Support Vector Machines (SVM) we classify facial expressions. SVMs are a powerful machine learning technique based on optimisation theory. This project is largely concerned with statistical models, machine learning techniques and psychological tools used in the classification of facial expression. This holistic approach to expression classification provides a means for a level of interaction with a computer that is a significant step forward in human-computer interaction.

  18. Pleiotrophin Expression during Odontogenesis

    OpenAIRE

    Erlandsen, Heidi; Ames, Jennifer E.; Tamkenath, Amena; Mamaeva, Olga; Stidham, Katherine; Wilson, Mary E; Perez-Pinera, Pablo; Deuel, Thomas F.; Macdougall, Mary

    2012-01-01

    Pleiotrophin (PTN) is an extracellular matrix–associated growth factor and chemokine expressed in mesodermal and ectodermal cells. It plays an important role in osteoblast recruitment and differentiation. There is limited information currently available about PTN expression during odontoblast differentiation and tooth formation, and thus the authors aimed to establish the spatiotemporal expression pattern of PTN during mouse odontogenesis. Immortalized mouse dental pulp (MD10-D3, MD10-A11) an...

  19. Construction and stable expression of pLEGFP-N1-stromal cell-derived factor-1α in bone marrow stromal cells from rhesus%pLEGFP-N1-基质细胞衍生因子-1α的构建与目的基因在恒河猴骨髓基质细胞内的稳定表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李三清; 徐强; 刘柯; 许百男; 潘力; 饶军华

    2010-01-01

    目的 构建携带人基质细胞衍生因子(SDF)1α基因的反转录病毒真核表达载体pLEGFP-N1-SDF-1α,转染恒河猴骨髓基质细胞(BMSC),观察外源性SDF-1α和增强型绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)基因在BMSC中的表达情况.方法 应用基因重组技术,从pBudce4.1-SDF-1α获得SDF-1α基因片段,重组到pLEGFP-N1真核表达载体上.pLEGFP-N1-SDF-1α经病毒包装,转染至恒河猴BMSC,用Western免疫印迹和免疫细胞化学检测表达情况.结果 酶切、PCR和DNA序列鉴定均证实插入基因片段的正确性.BMSC转染pLEGFP-N1-SDF-1α后,在荧光显微镜下发出绿色荧光.western免疫印迹和免疫细胞化学证实SDF-1α在细胞内有效表达.结论 成功构建本研究pLEGFP-N1-SDF-1α,经病毒包装转染至恒河猴BMSC,SDF-1α和EGFP基因在BMSC内有效表达.为BMSC-SDF-1α-EGFP工程细胞自体移植治疗相关疾病提供了依据.%Objective To construct a retrovirus eukaryotic expression vector pLEGFP-N1-stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF)- 1α that contains human SDF-1α and transfects bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) of rhesus, and to examine the expression of exogenous SDF- 1α and EGFP genes in BMSCs .Methods SDF-1α gene obtained from pBudce4.1-SDF-1α was recombined into pLEGFP-N1 vector to generate pLEGFP-N1-SDF-1α by use of genetic recombination techniques. pLEGFP-N1-SDF-1α packaged in virus was transfected into BMSCs of rhesus. Western blotting and immunocytochemistry were used for detection of its expression. Results The inserted gene was verified by enzyme restriction analysis, PCR and DNA sequencing. After transfected with pLEGFP-N1-SDF-1α, the BMSCs emitted green fluorescence, and expressed SDF- 1α as confirmed by Western blotting and immunocytochemistry. Conclusion After transfected to BMSCs of rhesus in virus, pLEGFP-N 1-SDF-1α may effectively express SDF-1α and EGFP,which provides evidences for auto-grafting of BMSC-SDF-1α-EGFP engineered cells in treatment of certain

  20. Regular Expression Pocket Reference

    CERN Document Server

    Stubblebine, Tony

    2007-01-01

    This handy little book offers programmers a complete overview of the syntax and semantics of regular expressions that are at the heart of every text-processing application. Ideal as a quick reference, Regular Expression Pocket Reference covers the regular expression APIs for Perl 5.8, Ruby (including some upcoming 1.9 features), Java, PHP, .NET and C#, Python, vi, JavaScript, and the PCRE regular expression libraries. This concise and easy-to-use reference puts a very powerful tool for manipulating text and data right at your fingertips. Composed of a mixture of symbols and text, regular exp

  1. Regular expressions cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Goyvaerts, Jan

    2009-01-01

    This cookbook provides more than 100 recipes to help you crunch data and manipulate text with regular expressions. Every programmer can find uses for regular expressions, but their power doesn't come worry-free. Even seasoned users often suffer from poor performance, false positives, false negatives, or perplexing bugs. Regular Expressions Cookbook offers step-by-step instructions for some of the most common tasks involving this tool, with recipes for C#, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, and VB.NET. With this book, you will: Understand the basics of regular expressions through a

  2. Expression of Mouse SCP2 Gene Adenoviral Vector Carrying Albumin Promoter in Hepa1-6 Cells%固醇携带蛋白2腺病毒载体的构建与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾岩峰; 崔云峰; 崔乃强; 彭雁飞; 宁召臣; 张琚

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To construct the replication defective adenoviral vector of SCP2 gene carrying murine albumin promoter, and study the relations between SCP2 gene and the formation of cholesterol calculus. Methods The cDNA of SCP2 gene was cloned by using RT-PCR technique. The albumin promoter was linked to SCP2 gene's upstream, and the EGFP gene lied in its downstream. The plasmid pDC312-ALB-SCP2-IRES2 -EGFP was constructed by the gene recombination technique. The Admax Adenoviral Vector System was used to generate the replication defective adenoviral vectors, which were purified by CsCl method. The processes of TCID50 were applied to detect the titers of the adenoviral vectors. The RNA and protein were respectively extracted from the infected Hepal-6 cells by the adenoviral vector. The real-time quantitative PCR was employed to detect the mRNA expression levels, and the Western blotting analysis was used to measure the SCP2 protein levels. Result We constructed successfully the replication defective adenoviral vector of SCP2 gene carrying murine albumin promoter. When the mRNA levels of SCP2 gene were overexpressed, CYP7al mRNA levels were down-regulated (t=3.97,p<0.05); and the mRNA levels of HMGCR were up-regulated (t=3.23,p<0.05). Conclusions The SCP2 gene overexpression may affect cholesterol and bile acid metabolism, which could promote the formation of cholesterol calculus.%目的:构建携带白蛋白启动子SCP2 基因腺病毒载体,研究其与胆固醇结石形成的关系.方法:(1)利用RT-PCR技术克隆小鼠SCP2基因,在其上游接入白蛋白(ALB)启动子,下游连接绿色荧光报告基因(EGFP),构建穿梭质粒pDC312-ALB-SCP2-IRES2-EGFP;(2)采用Ad Max TM Adenoviru5 Vector系统包装病毒,CsCl法纯化病毒、TCID50法测定滴度;(3)重组腺病毒感染小鼠hepa-1-6细胞,实时定量PCR检测mRNA的表达;Western印迹检测SCP2蛋白表达情况;结果:成功构建携带白蛋白启动子SCP2基因腺病毒载体;当SCP2

  3. Establishment of a functional cell line expressing both subunits of H1a and H2c of human hepatocyte surface molecule ASGPR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Bin; Yang, Yan; Liu, Jia; Ma, Zhiyong; Huang, Hongping; Liu, Shenpei; Yu, Yuan; Hao, Youhua; Wang, Baoju; Lu, Mengji; Yang, Dongliang

    2010-10-01

    To better understand the effect of a new split variant of human asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR H1b) on ASGPR ligands' binding ability, we established a functional cell line which expresses ASGPR. The full lengths of ASGPRH1a and H2c fragments from human liver were amplified by reverse transcript PCR (RT-PCR) and inserted into eukaryotic expression vector pIRES2EGFP, pCDNA3.1 (Zeo+) respectively. The recombinants were co-transfected into HeLa cells. After selection by using Neocin and Zeocin, a stably transfected cell line was established, which was designated 4-1-6. The transcription and expression of ASGPRH1a and H2c in 4-1-6 were confirmed by RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunofluorescence. The endocytosis function of the artificial "ASGPR" on the surface of 4-1-6 was tested by FACS. It was found that the cell line 4-1-6 could bind ASGPR natural ligand molecular asialo-orosomucoid (ASOR). After the eukaryotic plasmid H1b/pCDNA3.1 (neo) was transfected into cell line 4-1-6, H1b did not down-regulate the ligand binding ability of ASGPR. The eukaryotic expression plasmid H1b/pcDNA3.1 (neo) and H2c/pcDNA3.1 (neo) were co-transfected transiently into Hela cell. Neither single H1b nor H1b and H2c could bind ASOR. In conclusion, a functional cell line of human asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) which expresses both H1a and H2c stably was established. The new split variant H1b has no effect on ASGPR binding to ASOR. ASGPRH1b alone can't bind to ASOR, it yet can't form functional complex with ASGPRH2c.

  4. Transplantation of D15A-Expressing Glial-Restricted-Precursor-Derived Astrocytes Improves Anatomical and Locomotor Recovery after Spinal Cord Injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunling Fan, Yiyan Zheng, Xiaoxin Cheng, Xiangbei Qi, Ping Bu, Xuegang Luo, Dong H. Kim, Qilin Cao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The transplantation of neural stem/progenitor cells is a promising therapeutic strategy for spinal cord injury (SCI. In this study, we tested whether combination of neurotrophic factors and transplantation of glial-restricted precursor (GRPs-derived astrocytes (GDAs could decrease the injury and promote functional recovery after SCI. We developed a protocol to quickly produce a sufficiently large, homogenous population of young astrocytes from GRPs, the earliest arising progenitor cell population restricted to the generation of glia. GDAs expressed the axonal regeneration promoting substrates, laminin and fibronectin, but not the inhibitory chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs. Importantly, GDAs or its conditioned medium promoted the neurite outgrowth of dorsal root ganglion neurons in vitro. GDAs were infected with retroviruses expressing EGFP or multi-neurotrophin D15A and transplanted into the contused adult thoracic spinal cord at 8 days post-injury. Eight weeks after transplantation, the grafted GDAs survived and integrated into the injured spinal cord. Grafted GDAs expressed GFAP, suggesting they remained astrocyte lineage in the injured spinal cord. But it did not express CSPG. Robust axonal regeneration along the grafted GDAs was observed. Furthermore, transplantation of D15A-GDAs significantly increased the spared white matter and decreased the injury size compared to other control groups. More importantly, transplantation of D15A-GDAs significantly improved the locomotion function recovery shown by BBB locomotion scores and Tredscan footprint analyses. However, this combinatorial strategy did not enhance the aberrant synaptic connectivity of pain afferents, nor did it exacerbate posttraumatic neuropathic pain. These results demonstrate that transplantation of D15A-expressing GDAs promotes anatomical and locomotion recovery after SCI, suggesting it may be an effective therapeutic approach for SCI.

  5. Expression of RNA interference triggers from an oncolytic herpes simplex virus results in specific silencing in tumour cells in vitro and tumours in vivo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) to tumours remains a major obstacle for the development of RNA interference (RNAi)-based therapeutics. Following the promising pre-clinical and clinical results with the oncolytic herpes simplex virus (HSV) OncoVEXGM-CSF, we aimed to express RNAi triggers from oncolytic HSV, which although has the potential to improve treatment by silencing tumour-related genes, was not considered possible due to the highly oncolytic properties of HSV. To evaluate RNAi-mediated silencing from an oncolytic HSV backbone, we developed novel replicating HSV vectors expressing short-hairpin RNA (shRNA) or artificial microRNA (miRNA) against the reporter genes green fluorescent protein (eGFP) and β-galactosidase (lacZ). These vectors were tested in non-tumour cell lines in vitro and tumour cells that are moderately susceptible to HSV infection both in vitro and in mice xenografts in vivo. Silencing was assessed at the protein level by fluorescent microscopy, x-gal staining, enzyme activity assay, and western blotting. Our results demonstrate that it is possible to express shRNA and artificial miRNA from an oncolytic HSV backbone, which had not been previously investigated. Furthermore, oncolytic HSV-mediated delivery of RNAi triggers resulted in effective and specific silencing of targeted genes in tumour cells in vitro and tumours in vivo, with the viruses expressing artificial miRNA being comprehensibly more effective. This preliminary data provide the first demonstration of oncolytic HSV-mediated expression of shRNA or artificial miRNA and silencing of targeted genes in tumour cells in vitro and in vivo. The vectors developed in this study are being adapted to silence tumour-related genes in an ongoing study that aims to improve the effectiveness of oncolytic HSV treatment in tumours that are moderately susceptible to HSV infection and thus, potentially improve response rates seen in human clinical trials

  6. Regulation of melanopsin expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannibal, Jens

    2006-01-01

    Circadian rhythms in mammals are adjusted daily to the environmental day/night cycle by photic input via the retinohypothalamic tract (RHT). Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) of the RHT constitute a separate light-detecting system in the mammalian retina used for irradiance detection and for transmission to the circadian system and other non-imaging forming processes in the brain. The RGCs of the RHT are intrinsically photosensitive due to the expression of melanopsin, an opsin-like photopigment. This notion is based on anatomical and functional data and on studies of mice lacking melanopsin. Furthermore, heterologous expression of melanopsin in non-neuronal mammalian cell lines was found sufficient to render these cells photosensitive. Even though solid evidence regarding the function of melanopsin exists, little is known about the regulation of melanopsin gene expression. Studies in albino Wistar rats showed that the expression of melanopsin is diurnal at both the mRNA and protein levels. The diurnal changes in melanopsin expression seem, however, to be overridden by prolonged exposure to light or darkness. Significant increase in melanopsin expression was observed from the first day in constant darkness and the expression continued to increase during prolonged exposure in constant darkness. Prolonged exposure to constant light, on the other hand, decreased melanopsin expression to an almost undetectable level after 5 days of constant light. The induction of melanopsin by darkness was even more pronounced if darkness was preceded by light suppression for 5 days. These observations show that dual mechanisms regulate melanopsin gene expression and that the intrinsic light-responsive RGCs in the albino Wistar rat adapt their expression of melanopsin to environmental light and darkness.

  7. Vesicles Cytoplasmic Injection: An Efficient Technique to Produce Porcine Transgene-Expressing Embryos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luchetti, C G; Bevacqua, R J; Lorenzo, M S; Tello, M F; Willis, M; Buemo, C P; Lombardo, D M; Salamone, D F

    2016-08-01

    The use of vesicles co-incubated with plasmids showed to improve the efficiency of cytoplasmic injection of transgenes in cattle. Here, this technique was tested as a simplified alternative for transgenes delivery in porcine zygotes. To this aim, cytoplasmic injection of the plasmid alone was compared to the injection with plasmids co-incubated with vesicles both in diploid parthenogenic and IVF zygotes. The plasmid pcx-egfp was injected circular (CP) at 3, 30 and 300 ng/μl and linear (LP) at 30 ng/μl. The experimental groups using parthenogenetic zygotes were as follows: CP naked at 3 ng/μl (N = 105), 30 ng/μl (N = 95) and 300 ng/μl (N = 65); Sham (N = 105); control not injected (N = 223); LP naked at 30 ng/μl (N = 78); LP vesicles (N = 115) and Sham vesicles (N = 59). For IVF zygotes: LP naked (N = 44) LP vesicles (N = 94), Sham (N = 59) and control (N = 79). Cleavage, blastocyst and GFP+ rates were analysed by Fisher's test (p plasmids to allow development to blastocyst stage was 30 ng/μl. There were no differences in DNA fragmentation between groups. The parthenogenic LP naked group resulted in high GFP rates (46%) and also allowed the production of GFP blastocysts (33%). The cytoplasmic injection with LP vesicles into parthenogenic zygotes allowed 100% GFP blastocysts. Injected IVF showed higher cleavage rates than control (p GFP blastocysts. The use of vesicles co-incubated with plasmids improves the transgene expression efficiency for cytoplasmic injection in porcine zygotes and constitutes a simple technique for easy delivery of plasmids. PMID:27260090

  8. [Protein expression and purification].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Růčková, E; Müller, P; Vojtěšek, B

    2014-01-01

    Production of recombinant proteins is essential for many applications in both basic research and also in medicine, where recombinant proteins are used as pharmaceuticals. This review summarizes procedures involved in recombinant protein expression and purification, including molecular cloning of target genes into expression vectors, selection of the appropriate expression system, and protein purification techniques. Recombinant DNA technology allows protein engineering to modify protein stability, activity and function or to facilitate protein purification by affinity tag fusions. A wide range of cloning systems enabling fast and effective design of expression vectors is currently available. A first choice of protein expression system is usually the bacteria Escherichia coli. The main advantages of this prokaryotic expression system are low cost and simplicity; on the other hand this system is often unsuitable for production of complex mammalian proteins. Protein expression mediated by eukaryotic cells (yeast, insect and mammalian cells) usually produces properly folded and posttranslationally modified proteins. How-ever, cultivation of insect and, especially, mammalian cells is time consuming and expensive. Affinity tagged recombinant proteins are purified efficiently using affinity chromatography. An affinity tag is a protein or peptide that mediates specific binding to a chromatography column, unbound proteins are removed during a washing step and pure protein is subsequently eluted. PMID:24945544

  9. Expert Oracle application express

    CERN Document Server

    Scott, John Edward

    2011-01-01

    Expert Oracle Application Express brings you groundbreaking insights into developing with Oracle's enterprise-level, rapid-development tool from some of the best practitioners in the field today. Oracle Application Express (APEX) is an entirely web-based development framework that is built into every edition of Oracle Database. The framework rests upon Oracle's powerful PL/SQL language, enabling power users and developers to rapidly develop applications that easily scale to hundreds, even thousands of concurrent users. The 13 authors of Expert Oracle Application Express build their careers aro

  10. Interactions between beta subunits of the KCNMB family and Slo3: beta4 selectively modulates Slo3 expression and function.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng-Tao Yang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The pH and voltage-regulated Slo3 K(+ channel, a homologue of the Ca(2+- and voltage-regulated Slo1 K(+ channel, is thought to be primarily expressed in sperm, but the properties of Slo3 studied in heterologous systems differ somewhat from the native sperm KSper pH-regulated current. There is the possibility that critical partners that regulate Slo3 function remain unidentified. The extensive amino acid identity between Slo3 and Slo1 suggests that auxiliary beta subunits regulating Slo1 channels might coassemble with and modulate Slo3 channels. Four distinct beta subunits composing the KCNMB family are known to regulate the function and expression of Slo1 Channels. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To examine the ability of the KCNMB family of auxiliary beta subunits to regulate Slo3 function, we co-expressed Slo3 and each beta subunit in heterologous expression systems and investigated the functional consequences by electrophysiological and biochemical analyses. The beta4 subunit produced an 8-10 fold enhancement of Slo3 current expression in Xenopus oocytes and a similar enhancement of Slo3 surface expression as monitored by YFP-tagged Slo3 or biotin labeled Slo3. Neither beta1, beta2, nor beta3 mimicked the ability of beta4 to increase surface expression, although biochemical tests suggested that all four beta subunits are competent to coassemble with Slo3. Fluorescence microscopy from beta4 KO mice, in which an eGFP tag replaced the deleted exon, revealed that beta4 gene promoter is active in spermatocytes. Furthermore, quantitative RT-PCR demonstrated that beta4 and Slo3 exhibit comparable mRNA abundance in both testes and sperm. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These results argue that, for native mouse Slo3 channels, the beta4 subunit must be considered as a potential interaction partner and, furthermore, that KCNMB subunits may have functions unrelated to regulation of the Slo1 alpha subunit.

  11. Express.js blueprints

    CERN Document Server

    Augarten, Ben; Lin, Eric; Shaikh, Aidha; Soriani, Fabiano Pereira; Tisserand, Geoffrey; Zhang, Chiqing; Zhang, Kan

    2015-01-01

    This book is for beginners to Node.js and also for those who are technically advanced. By the end of this book, every competent developer will have achieved expertise in building web applications with Express.js.

  12. Neuroglobin over expressing mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raida, Zindy; Hundahl, Christian Ansgar; Nyengaard, Jens R;

    2013-01-01

    thoroughly validated antibodies and oligos, we give a detailed brain anatomical characterization of transgenic mice over expressing Neuroglobin. Moreover, using permanent middle artery occlusion the effect of elevated levels of Neuroglobin on ischemic damage was studied. Lastly, the impact of mouse strain...... genetic background on ischemic damage was investigated. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A four to five fold increase in Neuroglobin mRNA and protein expression was seen in the brain of transgenic mice. A β-actin promoter was used to drive Neuroglobin over expression, but immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization...... infarct volume 24 hours after ischemia. Immunohistochemistry showed no selective sparing of Neuroglobin expressing cells in the ischemic core or penumbra. A significant difference in infarct volume was found between mice of the same strain, but from different colonies. SIGNIFICANCE: In contrast to some...

  13. Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Gene Expression Omnibus is a public functional genomics data repository supporting MIAME-compliant submissions of array- and sequence-based data. Tools are provided...

  14. Imaging oncogene expression

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mukherjee, Archana [Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107 (United States)], E-mail: Archana.Mukherjee@jefferson.edu; Wickstrom, Eric [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, 233S, 10th street, Philadelphia, PA 19107 (United States)], E-mail: eric@tesla.jci.tju.edu; Thakur, Mathew L. [Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107 (United States)], E-mail: Mathew.Thakur@jefferson.edu

    2009-05-15

    This review briefly outlines the importance of molecular imaging, particularly imaging of endogenous gene expression for noninvasive genetic analysis of radiographic masses. The concept of antisense imaging agents and the advantages and challenges in the development of hybridization probes for in vivo imaging are described. An overview of the investigations on oncogene expression imaging is given. Finally, the need for further improvement in antisense-based imaging agents and directions to improve oncogene mRNA targeting is stated.

  15. A multi-parameter, high-content, high-throughput screening platform to identify natural compounds that modulate insulin and Pdx1 expression.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica A Hill

    Full Text Available Diabetes is a devastating disease that is ultimately caused by the malfunction or loss of insulin-producing pancreatic beta-cells. Drugs capable of inducing the development of new beta-cells or improving the function or survival of existing beta-cells could conceivably cure this disease. We report a novel high-throughput screening platform that exploits multi-parameter high-content analysis to determine the effect of compounds on beta-cell survival, as well as the promoter activity of two key beta-cell genes, insulin and pdx1. Dispersed human pancreatic islets and MIN6 beta-cells were infected with a dual reporter lentivirus containing both eGFP driven by the insulin promoter and mRFP driven by the pdx1 promoter. B-score statistical transformation was used to correct systemic row and column biases. Using this approach and 5 replicate screens, we identified 7 extracts that reproducibly changed insulin and/or pdx1 promoter activity from a library of 1319 marine invertebrate extracts. The ability of compounds purified from these extracts to significantly modulate insulin mRNA levels was confirmed with real-time PCR. Insulin secretion was analyzed by RIA. Follow-up studies focused on two lead compounds, one that stimulates insulin gene expression and one that inhibits insulin gene expression. Thus, we demonstrate that multi-parameter, high-content screening can identify novel regulators of beta-cell gene expression, such as bivittoside D. This work represents an important step towards the development of drugs to increase insulin expression in diabetes and during in vitro differentiation of beta-cell replacements.

  16. Estrogenic effects of natural and synthetic compounds including tibolone assessed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing the human estrogen alpha and beta receptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasenbrink, Guido; Sievernich, André; Wildt, Ludwig; Ludwig, Jost; Lichtenberg-Fraté, Hella

    2006-07-01

    The human estrogen receptors (hER)alpha and hERbeta, differentially expressed and localized in various tissues and cell types, mediate transcriptional activation of target genes. These encode a variety of physiological reproductive and nonreproductive functions involved in energy metabolism, salt balance, immune system, development, and differentiation. As a step toward developing a screening assay for the use in applications where significant numbers of compounds or complex matrices need to be tested for (anti) estrogenic bioactivity, hERalpha and hERbeta were expressed in a genetically modified Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, devoid of three endogenous xenobiotic transporters (PDR5, SNQ2, and YOR1). By using receptor-mediated transcriptional activation of the green fluorescent protein optimized for expression in yeast (yEGFP) as reporter 17 natural, comprising estrogens and phytoestrogens or synthetic compounds among which tibolone with its metabolites, gestagens, and antiestrogens were investigated. The reporter assay deployed a simple and robust protocol for the rapid detection of estrogenic effects within a 96-well microplate format. Results were expressed as effective concentrations (EC50) and correlated to other yeast based and cell line assays. Tibolone and its metabolites exerted clear estrogenic effects, though considerably less potent than all other natural and synthetic compounds. For the blood serum of two volunteers, considerable higher total estrogenic bioactivity than single estradiol concentrations as determined by immunoassay was found. Visualization of a hERalpha/GFP fusion protein in yeast revealed a sub cellular cytosolic localization. This study demonstrates the versatility of (anti) estrogenic bioactivity determination using sensitized S. cerevisiae cells to assess estrogenic exposure and effects.

  17. Defining Optimized Properties of Modified mRNA to Enhance Virus- and DNA- Independent Protein Expression in Adult Stem Cells and Fibroblasts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frauke Hausburg

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: By far, most strategies for cell reprogramming and gene therapy are based on the introduction of DNA after viral delivery. To avoid the high risks accompanying these goals, non-viral and DNA-free delivery methods for various cell types are required. Methods: Relying on an initially established PCR-based protocol for convenient template DNA production, we synthesized five differently modified EGFP mRNA (mmRNA species, incorporating various degrees of 5-methylcytidine-5'-triphosphate (5mC and pseudouridine-5'-triphosphate (Ψ. We then investigated their effect on i protein expression efficiencies and ii cell viability for human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs and fibroblasts from different origins. Results: Our protocol allows highly efficient mmRNA production in vitro, enabling rapid and stable protein expression after cell transfection. However, our results also demonstrate that the terminally optimal modification needs to be defined in pilot experiments for each particular cell type. Transferring our approach to the conversion of fibroblasts into skeletal myoblasts using mmRNA encoding MyoD, we confirm the huge potential of mmRNA based protein expression for virus- and DNA-free reprogramming strategies. Conclusion: The achieved high protein expression levels combined with good cell viability not only in fibroblasts but also in hMSCs provides a promising option for mmRNA based modification of various cell types including slowly proliferating adult stem cells. Therefore, we are confident that our findings will substantially contribute to the improvement of efficient cell reprogramming and gene therapy approaches.

  18. 嗜肺军团菌mip基因重组质粒GFP-mip的构建及表达%The Construction and Expression of Recombinant Plasmid GFP -mip of Legionella Pneumophila Macrophage Infectivity Potentiator Gene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠英华; 曹秀琴; 杨志伟

    2011-01-01

    Objective To construct recombinant plasmid GFP - mip of Legionella pneumophila macrophage infectivity potentiator gene and observe its expression in the NIH3T3 cells. Methods The macrophage infectivity potentiator gene was amplified from DNA of Legionella pneumophila by polymerase chain reation ( PCR),then cloned into pEGFP - C1 vector. The recombinant plasmid was named as GFP - mip and was analyzed with restriction endonuclease XhoI and BarnHl digestion, PCR and DNA sequencing techniques. The NIH3T3 cell was transfected by recombinant plasmid GFP - mip with lipofection strategy. The stable expression products of macrophage infectivity petentiator gene were observed by the fluorescent microscope. Results 702bp mip gene was amplified . Under the fluorescent microscope, green fluorescent was observed in the cell cytoplasm and on the cell membrane. Conclusion The recombinant plasmid GFP - mip was constructed successfully and expressed in the NIH3T3 cells.%目的构建嗜肺军团菌mip基因的真核重组质粒GFP-mip,并观察其在NIH3T3细胞中的表达.方法 以嗜肺军团菌DNA为模版,通过PCR扩增获得mip基因,将其定向克隆到绿色荧光质粒pEGFP-C1中,构建真核重组质粒GFP-mip.经限制性核酸内切酶XhoI和BamHI酶切鉴定、PCR和核酸序列分析后,通过脂质体法转染到NIH3T3细胞中,利用荧光显微镜观察重组质粒的稳定表达.结果 扩增出了702bpmip基因,在细胞质和细胞膜观察到较强绿色荧光.结论 成功构建了真核重组质粒GFP-mip,并在NIH3T3细胞中得到了表达.

  19. Impact of copy number of distinct SV40PolyA segments on expression of a GFP reporter gene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The presence of Alu repeats downregulates the expression of the green fluorescent protein(GFP) gene.We found that SV40PolyA(PolyA,240 bp),in either orientation,eliminated the inhibition of GFP gene expression induced by Alu repeats when it was placed between the GFP gene and the Alu repeats.In this study,4 different segments(each 60 bp) were amplified from antisense PolyA(PolyAas) by PCR,and inserted upstream of Alu14 in pAlu14 plasmid(14 Alu repeats inserted downstream of the GFP gene in vector pEGFP-C1 in a head-tail tandem manner).Segments 1F1R(the first 60 bp segment at the 5’ end of PolyAas) and 4F4R(the fourth 60 bp segment from the 5’ end of PolyAas) did not activate GFP gene expression,whereas 2F2R and 3F3R(the middle two segments) did(as detected by Northern blot analysis and fluorescent microscopy).Different copy numbers of 2F2R and 3F3R segments,in a head and tail tandem manner,were inserted downstream of the GFP gene in pAlu14.p2F2R*4-Alu28,p3F3R*4-Alu18 and p3F3R*4-Alu28 were used as length controls to verify that the decrease in the expression of GFP was not due to the increased length of the inserted segment in the expression vectors.We found that 2 and 4 copies of 2F2R or 3F3R activated the GFP gene more strongly than one copy of them.However,more than 8 copies of 2F2R or 3F3R reduced the activation of the GFP gene.We concluded that SV40PolyAas contained at least two gene-activating elements(2F2R and 3F3R) and 2-4 copies of 2F2R or 3F3R were optimal for the expression of the GFP gene.

  20. Immunogenicity of recombinant plasmid expressing the PRRSV ORF6 and IL-18 genes%PRRSV ORF6及IL-18基因重组真核质粒试验免疫研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛伟; 王中华; 王晓莉; 宋德武; 母连志; 丁壮

    2011-01-01

    The immunogenicity of recombinant plasmids were further evaluated in the piglets by intramuscular injection,which were PRRSV natural host animal.The results indicated the pEGFP-ORF6 and pEGFP-IL18-ORF6 immune groups produced specific antibodies at 14 d post vaccination,and the production of antibodies increased with time,but the antibody levels were not significant(P0.05)between two groups.Neutralizing antibody analysis showed the pEGFP-N1 induced low titer neutralizing antibodies at 42 d post vaccination.However the pEGFP-IL18-ORF6 could enhance cell-meditated immune response and elicit effective Th1 type immune response by stimulating PRRSV-special T lymphocyte proliferation and promoting the secretion levels of IFN-γ and IL-2.It indicated the IL-18 effectively play the part of molecular adjuvant which could enhance the cell-mediated immune response and Th1 type immune response.%将本实验室构建的重组质粒接种PRRSV的自然宿主断奶仔猪,分析其诱发细胞免疫和体液免疫应答的能力。结果表明:重组质粒pEGFP-ORF6和pEGFP-IL18-ORF6免疫组在首免后14d开始产生特异性抗体,且其产生抗体水平随时间呈上升趋势,但pEGFP-ORF6和pEGFP-IL18-ORF6两组之间产生抗体差异不显著(P〉0.05)。中和抗体检测结果显示只有pEGFP-ORF6在首免后42d有低水平的中和抗体产生。细胞免疫检测结果表明,pEGFP-IL18-ORF6诱导T淋巴细胞增殖和促进IFN-γ和IL-2的分泌的能力显著高于pEGFP-ORF6和pEGFP-IL18(P〈0.05),表明IL-18有效地发挥了分子其佐剂的效用,能增强细胞免疫应答并介导较好的Th1类免疫反应。

  1. Itm2a expression in the developing mouse first lower molar, and the subcellular localization of Itm2a in mouse dental epithelial cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makiko Kihara

    Full Text Available Itm2a is a type II transmembrane protein with a BRICHOS domain. We investigated the temporospatial mRNA and protein expression patterns of Itm2a in the developing lower first molar, and examined the subcellular localization of Itm2a in murine dental epithelial (mDE6 cells. From the initiation to the bud stage, the in situ and protein signals of Itm2a were not detected in either the dental epithelial or mesenchymal cells surrounding the tooth bud. However, at the bell stage, these signals of Itm2a were primarily observed in the inner enamel epithelium of the enamel organ. After the initiation of the matrix formation, strong signals were detected in ameloblasts and odontoblasts. Itm2a showed a punctate pattern in the cytoplasm of the mDE6 cells. The perinuclear-localized Itm2a displayed a frequent overlap with the Golgi apparatus marker, GM130. A tiny amount of Itm2a was colocalized with lysosomes and endoplasmic reticulum. Minimal or no overlap between the Itm2a-EGFP signals with the other organelle markers for endoplasmic reticulum, lysosome and mitochondria used in this study noted in the cytoplasm. These findings suggest that Itm2a may play a role in cell differentiation during odontogenesis, rather than during the initiation of tooth germ formation, and may be related to the targeting of proteins associated with enamel and dentin matrices in the secretory pathway.

  2. Regular Expression Containment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henglein, Fritz; Nielsen, Lasse

    2011-01-01

    We present a new sound and complete axiomatization of regular expression containment. It consists of the conventional axiomatiza- tion of concatenation, alternation, empty set and (the singleton set containing) the empty string as an idempotent semiring, the fixed- point rule E* = 1 + E × E......* for Kleene-star, and a general coin- duction rule as the only additional rule. Our axiomatization gives rise to a natural computational inter- pretation of regular expressions as simple types that represent parse trees, and of containment proofs as coercions. This gives the axiom- atization a Curry......-Howard-style constructive interpretation: Con- tainment proofs do not only certify a language-theoretic contain- ment, but, under our computational interpretation, constructively transform a membership proof of a string in one regular expres- sion into a membership proof of the same string in another regular expression. We...

  3. In Silico Expression Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolívar, Julio; Hehl, Reinhard; Bülow, Lorenz

    2016-01-01

    Information on the specificity of cis-sequences enables the design of functional synthetic plant promoters that are responsive to specific stresses. Potential cis-sequences may be experimentally tested, however, correlation of genomic sequence with gene expression data enables an in silico expression analysis approach to bioinformatically assess the stress specificity of candidate cis-sequences prior to experimental verification. The present chapter demonstrates an example for the in silico validation of a potential cis-regulatory sequence responsive to cold stress. The described online tool can be applied for the bioinformatic assessment of cis-sequences responsive to most abiotic and biotic stresses of plants. Furthermore, a method is presented based on a reverted in silico expression analysis approach that predicts highly specific potentially functional cis-regulatory elements for a given stress.

  4. In Silico Expression Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolívar, Julio; Hehl, Reinhard; Bülow, Lorenz

    2016-01-01

    Information on the specificity of cis-sequences enables the design of functional synthetic plant promoters that are responsive to specific stresses. Potential cis-sequences may be experimentally tested, however, correlation of genomic sequence with gene expression data enables an in silico expression analysis approach to bioinformatically assess the stress specificity of candidate cis-sequences prior to experimental verification. The present chapter demonstrates an example for the in silico validation of a potential cis-regulatory sequence responsive to cold stress. The described online tool can be applied for the bioinformatic assessment of cis-sequences responsive to most abiotic and biotic stresses of plants. Furthermore, a method is presented based on a reverted in silico expression analysis approach that predicts highly specific potentially functional cis-regulatory elements for a given stress. PMID:27557772

  5. The expressions of emotions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vishnivetz, Berta

    Abstract On the broadness of the vast field called “Expressions of Emotions” this study focuses on the whole bodily emotional expression. The main question posed is: Whether there are movement patterns specific to each emotion?. I carried out a thorough review of the theories of emotion...... and of expressions of emotions and movement notation that provided the sources for a careful research plan for the empirical process of this study. On this basis I chose to record onto video the four previously choreographed movements that I considered to correspond each of the following emotions: joy, fear, sadness......, anger. The selection of these four emotions demanded previously to clear up the problems the above named survey ensued. When researchers want to describe a certain movement in the field of psychology and non-verbal communication, it may result in disagreements and misunderstandings which sometimes lead...

  6. Selectivity of face aftereffects for expressions and anti-expressions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor eJuricevic

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Adapting to a facial expression can alter the perceived expression of subsequently viewed faces. However, it remains unclear whether this adaptation affects each expression independently or transfers from one expression to another, and whether this transfer impedes or enhances responses to a different expression. To test for these interactions, we probed the basic expressions of anger, fear, happiness, sadness, surprise, and disgust, adapting to one expression and then testing on all six. Each expression was varied in strength by morphing it with a common neutral facial expression. Observers determined the threshold level required to correctly identify each expression, before or after adapting to a face with a neutral or intense expression. The adaptation was strongly selective for the adapting category; responses to the adapting expression were reduced, while other categories showed little consistent evidence of either suppression or facilitation. In a second experiment we instead compared adaptation to each expression and its anti-expression. The latter are defined by the physically complementary facial configuration, yet appear much more ambiguous as expressions. In this case, for most expressions the opposing faces produced aftereffects of opposite sign in the perceived expression. These biases suggest that the adaptation acts in part by shifting the perceived neutral point for the facial configuration. This is consistent with the pattern of renormalization suggested for adaptation to other facial attributes, and thus may reflect a generic level of configural coding. However, for most categories aftereffects were stronger for expressions than anti-expressions, pointing to the possible influence of an additional component of the adaptation at sites that explicitly represent facial expressions. At either level our results are consistent with other recent work in suggesting that the six expressions are defined by dimensions that are largely

  7. PCA facial expression recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Hori, Inas H.; El-Momen, Zahraa K.; Ganoun, Ali

    2013-12-01

    This paper explores and compares techniques for automatically recognizing facial actions in sequences of images. The comparative study of Facial Expression Recognition (FER) techniques namely Principal Component's analysis (PCA) and PCA with Gabor filters (GF) is done. The objective of this research is to show that PCA with Gabor filters is superior to the first technique in terms of recognition rate. To test and evaluates their performance, experiments are performed using real database by both techniques. The universally accepted five principal emotions to be recognized are: Happy, Sad, Disgust and Angry along with Neutral. The recognition rates are obtained on all the facial expressions.

  8. PXI Express specification tutorial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    National Instruments

    2007-01-01

    @@ Introduction The PXI industry standard has quickly gained adoption and grown in prevalence in automated test systems since its release in 1998. PXI is being selected as the platform of choice for thousands of applications, from areas such as military and aerospace, consumer electronics, and communications, to process control and industrial automation. One of the key elements driving the rapid adoption of PXI is its use of PCI in the communication backplane. Now, as the commercial PC industry drastically improves the available bus bandwidth by evolving PCI to PCI Express, PXI has the ability to meet even more application needs by integrating PCI Express into the PXI standard.

  9. Facial expressions recognition with an emotion expressive robotic head

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doroftei, I.; Adascalitei, F.; Lefeber, D.; Vanderborght, B.; Doroftei, I. A.

    2016-08-01

    The purpose of this study is to present the preliminary steps in facial expressions recognition with a new version of an expressive social robotic head. So, in a first phase, our main goal was to reach a minimum level of emotional expressiveness in order to obtain nonverbal communication between the robot and human by building six basic facial expressions. To evaluate the facial expressions, the robot was used in some preliminary user studies, among children and adults.

  10. Collaborating on Referring Expressions

    CERN Document Server

    Heeman, P A; Heeman, Peter A.; Hirst, Graeme

    1995-01-01

    This paper presents a computational model of how conversational participants collaborate in order to make a referring action successful. The model is based on the view of language as goal-directed behavior. We propose that the content of a referring expression can be accounted for by the planning paradigm. Not only does this approach allow the processes of building referring expressions and identifying their referents to be captured by plan construction and plan inference, it also allows us to account for how participants clarify a referring expression by using meta-actions that reason about and manipulate the plan derivation that corresponds to the referring expression. To account for how clarification goals arise and how inferred clarification plans affect the agent, we propose that the agents are in a certain state of mind, and that this state includes an intention to achieve the goal of referring and a plan that the agents are currently considering. It is this mental state that sanctions the adoption of g...

  11. Highly Expressive Hakka Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JENNIFER LIM

    1996-01-01

    SOUTHERN Jiangxi Province was the birthplace of the Hakka ethnic group and has since been the native home and main transfer hub for the spread of the nationality. The highly expressive art of the Hakkas, including folk songs in Xingguo, colored lantern performances in Shicheng, ancient

  12. Facial Expression Analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pantic, Maja; Li, S.; Jain, A.

    2009-01-01

    Facial expression recognition is a process performed by humans or computers, which consists of: 1. Locating faces in the scene (e.g., in an image; this step is also referred to as face detection), 2. Extracting facial features from the detected face region (e.g., detecting the shape of facial compon

  13. Encircling Creative Expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Susannah

    2007-01-01

    Artworks that are circular in nature are often referred to as mandalas. "Mandala" means center, circle, or circumference. Mandalas are created in many cultures for a variety of reasons, most of which are related to self-expression, ritual, and religion. In this article, the author describes how her students created mandalas. She also provides…

  14. Expressive Costume Portraits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lott, Debra

    2008-01-01

    This article describes how contemporary costumes, expressive techniques, and mixed media can take "the ordinary" out of figure studies. To pique student interest and create a meaningful figurative study, students are instructed to bring in their latest fashion accessories (hats, shawls, neck warmers, denim jackets, etc.), or shop the local thrift…

  15. New Words and Expressions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈福生

    1984-01-01

    @@ To start with, I mention that certain new words and expressions are used relatively often by journalists when they compose reports and articles. Their writing is said to be all right for a newspaper, but that lacks imagination and beauty. Examples:

  16. Expression of Concern

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delvaux, Damien

    2016-08-01

    This is a note of a temporary expression of concern related to the publication titled, "Sapphirine and fluid inclusions in Tel Thanoun mantle xenoliths, Syria" by Ahmad Bilal, which appeared in Journal of African Earth Sciences, 116 (2016) 105-113.

  17. Nucleophosmin基因表达载体的构建及其在HepG2中的表达%Establishment of Nucleophosmin gene expression vector and its expression in human hepatocellular carcinoma strain HepG2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李辉宇; 罗飞; 赵浩亮; 贺杰峰; 肖红

    2010-01-01

    目的 克隆Nucleophosmin(NPM)的编码序列,构建含Nucleophosmin基因的真核细胞表达载体并在肝癌细胞系HepG2中表达,为进一步研究该基因在肝癌多药耐药中的作用奠定基础.方法 根据已发表的Nucleophosmin基因的核苷酸序列设计合成一对引物,以人乳腺癌组织抽提的RNA为模板进行反转录-聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR),扩增产物用BamHI和XhoI双酶酶切后定向克隆到真核细胞表达载体pEGFP-N1中,用限制性内切酶酶切重组质粒pEGFP/NPM和DNA序列测定进行鉴定.用脂质体法将pEGFP/NPM导入肝癌细胞系HepG2中,G418选择培养,经免疫组织化学法和RT-PCR鉴定其表达.结果 RT-PCR扩增出长894 bp的特异性片段,经克隆至pEGFP-N1后酶切鉴定证实,并测序表明序列与GenBank报道完全一致.pEGFP/NPM在HepG2细胞中有稳定表达.结论 成功克隆了NPM的编码序列,构建了其真核细胞表达载体pEGFP/NPM/1,有助于对NPM基因在肝癌多药耐药中的机制做进一步研究.

  18. Construction of a tissue engineered intervertebral disc with high biological activity using an allogeneic intervertebral disc supplemented with transfected nucleus pulposus cells expressing exogenous dopamine beta-hydroxylase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, M; Wang, Y H; Yin, H P; Li, S W

    2015-09-09

    This study addressed the in vitro construction and biological activity of tissue engineered intervertebral discs with exogenous human dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) nucleus pulposus cells. pSNAV2.0-DBH expression plasmids were utilized to enhance the survival rates of intervertebral disc tissue cells. Various concentrations of transfected nucleus pulposus cells were injected into the discs, and DBH mRNA expression was determined using polymerase chain reaction amplification. Polysaccharide content and total collagen protein content in the engineered disc nucleus pulposus tissue were determined. The visible fluorescence intensities of the 1 x 10(5) and 1 x 10(6) groups vs the 1 x 10(4) group were significantly increased (P 0.05) at 7 days after injection. DBH mRNA expression could be detected in the all but the EGFP control group at 14 days culture. No significant difference was observed in the protein content between the 1 x 10(4) and the control groups at various times, while the protein content was significantly higher in the 1 x 10(5) vs the control and the 1 x 10(4) groups at 7-, 14-, and 21-day cultures. These results demonstrate that a tissue engineered intervertebral disc with high biological activity can be constructed by utilizing allogeneic intervertebral discs stored in liquid nitrogen and a 1 x 10(5) transfected nucleus pulposus cell complex with in vitro culture for 14 days. This model can be used in animal experiments to study the biological activity of the engineered discs.

  19. Transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain-containing protein 1 (Tmub1/HOPS facilitates surface expression of GluR2-containing AMPA receptors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyunjeong Yang

    Full Text Available Some ubiquitin-like (UBL domain-containing proteins are known to play roles in receptor trafficking. Alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid receptors (AMPARs undergo constitutive cycling between the intracellular compartment and the cell surface in the central nervous system. However, the function of UBL domain-containing proteins in the recycling of the AMPARs to the synaptic surface has not yet been reported.Here, we report that the Transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain-containing 1 (Tmub1 protein, formerly known as the Hepatocyte Odd Protein Shuttling (HOPS protein, which is abundantly expressed in the brain and which exists in a synaptosomal membrane fraction, facilitates the recycling of the AMPAR subunit GluR2 to the cell surface. Neurons transfected with Tmub1/HOPS-RNAi plasmids showed a significant reduction in the AMPAR current as compared to their control neurons. Consistently, the synaptic surface expression of GluR2, but not of GluR1, was significantly decreased in the neurons transfected with the Tmub1/HOPS-RNAi and increased in the neurons overexpressing EGFP-Tmub1/HOPS. The altered surface expression of GluR2 was speculated to be due to the altered surface-recycling of the internalized GluR2 in our recycling assay. Eventually, we found that GluR2 and glutamate receptor interacting protein (GRIP were coimmunoprecipitated by the anti-Tmub1/HOPS antibody from the mouse brain. Taken together, these observations show that the Tmub1/HOPS plays a role in regulating basal synaptic transmission; it contributes to maintain the synaptic surface number of the GluR2-containing AMPARs by facilitating the recycling of GluR2 to the plasma membrane.

  20. Brandom's Expressive Conception of Logic

    OpenAIRE

    Streed, Adam Joseph

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation is an exploration of the expressive conception of logic, as found in the work of Robert Brandom. I situate the expressive conception against a historical background of thought about logic, investigate the key notion of material inference on which the expressive conception rests, and argue that the expressive conception counts as a form of psychologism about logic which avoids many of the difficulties faced by older forms of psychologism. Finally, I argue that the expressive ...

  1. 携人血栓调节蛋白基因慢病毒载体的构建及其在内皮祖细胞中的表达%Construction of lentiviral vector containing human thrombomodulin gene and its expression in endothelial progenitor cells of rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵国峰; 邓钢; 侯居攀; 吴志平; 许荣睿; 秦永林; 金晖

    2014-01-01

    Objective To construct the lentiviral vector containing human thrombomodulin (hTM) gene,and examine the expression of hTM in rabbit peripheral endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs)after transduction and its effect on the biological functions of EPCs.Methods The lentivirus plenti6.3-hTM-IRES-EGFP was reconstructed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).EPCs were isolated from fresh blood obtained from the heart of a rabbit by density-gradient centrifugation and then were transduced with above lentiviral vector.To evaluate the transduction efficiency of plenti6.3-hTM-IRES-EGFP,quantitativepolymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR),Western blotting and facial action coding system(FACS) were performed.Acetylated low density lipoprotein (DiI-ac-LDL) and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-UEA-1 double fluorescent labeling was used for the identification of EPCs.Methyl thiazol tetrazolium (MTT) and transwell assays were carried out to examine the proliferation and migration of EPCs in the presence or absence of hTM.Results The recombinant plenti6.3-hTM-IRES-EGFP was confirmed by the evidence of DNA sequence analysis and Western blotting.The transduced EPCs were found overexpressing hTM by Q-PCR,Western blotting and FACS,suggesting the recombinant lentivirus system was successfully constructed.There were no changes in the biological functions of EPCs overexpressing hTM.Conclusion The plenti6.3-hTM-IRES-EGFP has been successfully constructed and hTM can be efficiently and highly expressed in EPCs.All of these provide us experimental evidence for gene-cell combined therapy and further study of TM on inhibiting thrombotic restenosis of arterial occlusive diseases after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) treatment.%目的 构建携带人血栓调节蛋白(hTM)基因的慢病毒表达载体(plenti6.3-hTM-IRES-EGFP),体外转染兔外周血内皮祖细胞(EPCs),并观察其在EPCs中的表达及对其功能的影响.方法 采用DNA重组技术构建plenti6.3-hTM-IRES-EGFP慢病毒表

  2. Boolean Expression Diagrams

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Henrik Reif; Hulgaard, Henrik

    1997-01-01

    This paper presents a new data structure called Boolean Expression Diagrams (BEDs) for representing and manipulating Boolean functions. BEDs are a generalization of Binary Decision Diagrams (BDDs) which can represent any Boolean circuit in linear space and still maintain many of the desirable pro...... standard BDD techniques this problem is infeasible. BEDs are useful in applications where the end-result as a reduced ordered BDD is small, for example for tautology checking...

  3. Rapid Purification of Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein from Escherichia coli%快速纯化在大肠杆菌中表达的增强型绿色荧光蛋白

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周笑鹏; 史清洪; 邢新会; 孙彦

    2006-01-01

    As an excellent reporter molecule, enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) was widely used for gene expression and regulation and was generally expressed in Escherichia coli strain. A rapid procedure consisting of ammonium sulfate precipitation, size exclusion chromatography, and anion exchange chromatography was developed for the purification of eGFP. Based on the proposed procedure, recombinant eGFP with an electrophoretic purity was achieved in combination with an overall yield of 66% and a purification factor of 17.9. The fluorescent spectrometry of purified eGFP and lysate from E. coli strain expressing eGFP exhibited the same wavelength of excitation and emission maxima, indicating that the purification procedure did not influence the construct and fluorescent characteristics of desired protein. The procedure mentioned was easy to scale up for the purification of large quantities of eGFP.

  4. Regulated expression of a transgene introduced on an oriP/EBNA-1 PAC shuttle vector into human cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thorsen Jim

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sequencing of the human genome has led to most genes being available in BAC or PAC vectors. However, limited functional information has been assigned to most of these genes. Techniques for the manipulation and transfer of complete functional units on large DNA fragments into human cells are crucial for the analysis of complete genes in their natural genomic context. One limitation of the functional studies using these vectors is the low transfection frequency. Results We have constructed a shuttle vector, pPAC7, which contains both the EBNA-1 gene and oriP from the Epstein-Barr virus allowing stable maintenance of PAC clones in the nucleus of human cells. The pPAC7 vector also contains the EGFP reporter gene, which allows direct monitoring of the presence of PAC constructs in transfected cells, and the Bsr-cassette that allows highly efficient and rapid selection in mammalian cells by use of blasticidin. Positive selection for recombinant PAC clones is obtained in pPAC7 because the cloning sites are located within the SacBII gene. We show regulated expression of the CDH3 gene carried as a 132 kb genomic insert cloned into pPAC7, demonstrating that the pPAC7 vector can be used for functional studies of genes in their natural genomic context. Furthermore, the results from the transfection of a range of pPAC7 based constructs into two human cell lines suggest that the transfection efficiencies are not only dependent on construct size. Conclusion The shuttle vector pPAC7 can be used to transfer large genomic constructs into human cells. The genes transferred could potentially contain all long-range regulatory elements, including their endogenous regulatory promoters. Introduction of complete genes in PACs into human cells would potentially allow complementation assays to identify or verify the function of genes affecting cellular phenotypes.

  5. 微RNA-129表达对食管鳞癌细胞增殖、凋亡和细胞周期的影响及其分子机制%Effect of microRNA-129 expression on proliferation,apoptosis and cell cycle of esophageal squamous cell cancer and its possible molecular mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李青峰; 高燕萍; 吴勉华

    2016-01-01

    目的:分析微RNA-129(miR-129)表达对食管鳞癌(ESCC)细胞增殖、凋亡和细胞周期的影响及可能的分子机制。方法构建miR-129过表达载体(pGCMV/EGFP/miR-129)和对照载体(pGCMV/EGFP/miR-NC),分别稳定转染ESCC细胞Eca109和EC9706,实时定量PCR检测miR-129表达水平;MTT法、克隆形成实验和流式细胞术分别检测miR-129表达对食管癌细胞体外增殖活性、细胞凋亡率和细胞周期的影响;构建含有Bcl-2基因3′-UTR野生和突变序列的荧光素酶报告基因载体,分别与pGCMV/EGFP/miR-129共转染人ESCC细胞Eca109,双重荧光素酶报告基因实验分析荧光素酶活性变化;Western蛋白质印迹法检测Bcl-2、激活型胱天蛋白酶3及总胱天蛋白酶3蛋白表达水平。结果 miR-129过表达可显著抑制食管癌细胞增殖(P<0.01),增加细胞凋亡率(P<0.05),并诱导细胞G0/G1期比例增加和S期比例降低(P<0.05),G2/M期比例则无显著变化。荧光素酶报告基因实验分析结果表明,miR-129可显著降低含有Bcl-2基因3′-UTR野生序列的荧光素酶活性,而不降低含有Bcl-2基因3′-UTR突变序列的荧光素酶活性。Western蛋白质印迹法检测结果提示,miR-129过表达可显著降低ESCC细胞中Bcl-2蛋白表达,增加激活型胱天蛋白酶3蛋白水平(P<0.05),总胱天蛋白酶3蛋白表达水平无明显变化。结论 miR-129可能通过靶向调控Bcl-2表达而影响ESCC细胞增殖活性、凋亡和细胞周期的变化,为miR-129成为ESCC临床治疗的分子靶标提供了实验依据。%OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of microRNA-129(miR-129)expression on malignant phenotypes of esophageal squamous cell cancer(ESCC) cells and its possible molecular mechanisms. METHODS The constructed miR-129-overexpressed vector (pGCMV/EGFP/miR-129) and negative control vector (pGCMV/EGFP/miR-NC) were stably transfected into ESCC cell lines (Eca109 and EC9706

  6. 荧光标记肿瘤转移体内模型的建立%Establishment of green-fluorescent protein expressing tumor metastasis models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯海凉; 刘玉琴; 顾蓓; 卞晓翠; 杨振丽; 杨丽娟

    2009-01-01

    Objective To establish a green-fluorescent protein (GFP) labeled tumor metastasis model and to evaluate its biological characteristics.Methods Human gastric carcinoma cell MGC-803 and murlne cervical carcinoma cell U14 were transfected with the plasmid pEGFP-N1 and the efficiency of transfection was assessed 24 h Iater.Limited dilution was employed to screen and establish menoclonal cell strains,MGC-803-GFP and U14-GFP.The two fluorescent tumor cell stains were transplanted into BALB/c-nu mice and C57BL/6J mice respectively.The latency period of tumor mass appearance and the growth curve in vivo were documented.The tumor growth and metastasis were evaluated in vivo by the Viviperception Fluorescence Imagining System(VFIS).Expressions of CD44 and E-cadherin in tumor tissue were monitored by immunohistochemistry.Results The efficiency of pEGFP-N1 transfeetion of MGC-803 cells and U14 cells were 30%and 60%,respectively.Monoclonal GFP(+)cell strains-MGC-803-GFP and U14-GFP were established.The latency periods of tumor formation of MGC-803-GFP and U14.GFP were 3-5 days and 2-4 days,respectively.Their tumorigenicity rates were 100%in both.The tumor growth of MGC-803-GFP was well defined by the VFIS. Only one mouse was shown to harbor lymphatic metastasis by VFIS.60 days after transplantation.The metastasis process of U14-GFP wag depicted through VFIS on 27.37 and 52 days post-transplantation.The incidence of pulmonary metastasis and lymphatic metastasis of U14-GFP was 67% and 100% respectively when the tumor vo]ume was ≥5 cm3. CD44 was positive and E-cadherin was negative in both tumors by immunohistochemistry.Conclusions Successfully established two monoclonal tumor cell strains stably expressing GFP:MGC-803-GFP and U14-GFP.Transplantation of these cells into mice can establish tumor metastasis models which could be used for future visualized tumor research in vivo.%目的 建立一种带荧光标记的肿瘤转移模型并探讨其应用价值.方法 人胃癌MGC-803

  7. 哺乳动物细胞CDK2系列表达载体的构建与表达%Construction and expression of the CDK2 mammalian cell expression vectors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴健谊; 蒋太峰; 谢剑君; 张锴; 杜则澎; 许丽艳

    2011-01-01

    目的:构建一系列细胞周期蛋白依赖激酶2(cyclin-dependent kinase 2,CDK2)在哺乳动物细胞的表达载体,为研究CDK2的功能和修饰提供实验材料.方法:从食管癌细胞中提取总RNA,逆转录PCR扩增CDK2编码区,然后将PCR产物克隆到T载体;扩增后的CDK2片段分别亚克隆入pcDNA3、pcDNA4、pNTAP和pEGFP等4种哺乳动物表达载体;最后,将获得的表达载体PEGFP/CDK2转染小鼠成纤维细胞NIH3T3进行初步的CDK2表达分析.结果:RT-PCR扩增获得约900 bp的目的片段,经T载体克隆和DNA序列分析,显示重组片段是人CDK2基因序列;CDK2片段分别亚克隆入上述4种载体后获得相应表达载体;运用构建的PEGFP/CDK2表达载体,在NIH3T3细胞中表达出CDK2蛋白.结论:成功构建了CDK2的哺乳动物细胞系列表达载体,并在NIH3T3细胞中成功表达目的蛋白.%OBJECTIVE: To construct a series of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) mammalian cell expression vectors and to assess CDK2 expression in NIH3T3 cells. METHODS: RNA was isolated from esophageal cancer cells and the full coding sequence of CDK2 gene was obtained by RT-PCR. The PCR product was then cloned into T vector and subsequently subcloned into four eukaryotic expression vectors (pcDNA3, pcDNA4, pNTAP and pEGFP). The expressing plasmids were transfected into NIH3T3 cells and the expression of CDK2 was detected by western blot. RESULTS: The PCR product was about 900 bp and the sequence analysis showed that it was the full coding sequence of CDK2 gene. The product was subcloned into the eukaryotic expression vectors and four CDK2 expression vectors were constructed. Western blot showed that CDK2 could be expressed in the expression vector-transfected cells.CONCLUSION: Four CDK2 eukaryotic expression vectors were successfully constructed and CDK2 was effectively expressed in NIH3T3 cells.

  8. Freedom of Expression at Yale

    Science.gov (United States)

    AAUP Bulletin, 1975

    1975-01-01

    A report of the Committee on Freedom of Expression at Yale appointed by the president to examine the condition of free expression, peaceful dissent, mutual respect and tolerance at Yale and to draft recommendations for maintenance of those principles. (JT)

  9. The Expression of GFP Gene in Transformed and Tumor Cells%绿色荧光蛋白GFP在转化细胞和肿瘤细胞中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于丽莉; 陈诗书

    2000-01-01

    目的 在肿瘤基因治疗研究中建立一个用绿色荧光蛋白(green fluorescent protein,GFP)为标记基因的合适条件。方法 用带有GFP突变体的质粒转染到表达细胞,观察GFP瞬时表达的情况:1.直接测定GFP在COS-7细胞中的表达并观察表达的稳定性;2.比较不同启动子驱动的pcDNAa-EGFP和pSVKa-S65T两种质粒在不同肿瘤细胞中的转染效率;3.用LacZ基因与GFP基因共转染48h后,通过FACS分选测定两种基因在同一细胞中的表达情况。结果 在不同条件下的活细胞中有GFP基因表达,且表达具有稳定性,表达持续约2周左右;CMV启动子和SV40启动子调控的GFP对不同肿瘤细胞株的转染效率有差异。当两种基因共转染后用FACS分选,选出GFP细胞带有LacZ基因细胞在1:4时可达85%以上。结论 通过GFP表达可连续而直接地观察活细胞中的基因表达,利用GFP可快速地挑选带有靶基因的细胞。%Objective To search the appropriate experimental conditions for using green fluores-cent protein (GFP) as a reporter gene in tumor gene therapy. Methods The plasmids carrying mu-tated GFP gene were transfected into the eukaryotic cells to observe transient gene expression. Thesestudies were conducted to 1. directly determine GFP expression and express stability in the COS- 7cells, 2. compare the transfection efficiency of two plasmids pcDNA3 - EGFP, pSVKa - S65T with dif-ferent promoters in different tumor cell lines, 3. determine two genes expression in a single cell usingLacZ cotransfected with GFP by FACS. Results Fluorescence could be detected in intact viable cellsunder different sets of conditions. The expression of GFP might last two weeks or more and the ex-pressed fluorescence was stable. The transfection rate of pcDNA3 - EGFP expressed was different inthree tumor cell lines examined. But pSVK3 - GFP expressed similarly in four tumor cell lines exam-ined. FACS showed the

  10. Facial Expressions Recognition Using Eigenspaces

    OpenAIRE

    Senthil Ragavan Valayapalayam Kittusamy; Venkatesh Chakrapani

    2012-01-01

    A challenging research topic is to make the Computer Systems to recognize facial expressions from the face image. A method of facial expression recognition, based on Eigenspaces is presented in this study. Here, the authors recognize the userâs facial expressions from the input images, using a method that was customized from eigenface recognition. Evaluation was done for this method in terms of identification correctness using two different Facial Expressions databases, Cohn-Kanade facial exp...

  11. HBx、MHBst155真核表达载体构建及在HepG2细胞中的表达%Construction of eukaryotic recombinants HBx, MHBst155 and establishment of hepG2 cell line with stable expression of HBx, MHBst155 fusion protein

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康艳红; 杨林; 麦丽; 张绍全; 胡朝霞; 谢奇峰; 高志良

    2012-01-01

    Objective To establish HepG2 cell lines with stable expression of X protein (HBx) and the carboxyl-terminal truncated molecule surface protein (MHBst) of hepatitis Bvirus(HBV)in order to further explore the roles of HBx and MHBst in hepatocellular carcinogenesis. Methods HBV X gene and eneoding-MHBst55 gene fragments were amplified from the subtype adr of plasmid pHBV DNA by PCR, and the amplified fragments were inserted respectively into Bgt II , Kpn I and Bgt II , BamH I restriction endonuclease sites of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression vector pEGFP-Cl to construct the recombinant plasmids pGFP-HBx and pGFP-MHBst55. Then, the pEGFP-C1 and recombinant plasmids were transfected into human hepatoma HepG2 cells by liposome-mediated method. Resistant cell clones were selected with G418, and the expression of GFP in the resistant clones were examined directly with fluorescence microscope. These GFP-expressing resistant clones were expanded. Expression of HBx and MHBst55 proteins in the GFP-expressing resistant cells were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. Results Recombinant plasmid pGFP-HBx and pGFP-MHBst155 were successfully constructed as judged from the restriction endonuclease analysis and DNA sequencing. After transfecting with pEGFP-C1 and recombinant plasmids, resistant HepG2 cell clones expressing GFP were obtained by selecting with G418 for about 20 days. The resistant HepG2 cells were obtained, and the expression of GFP by these cells was stable for over 40 generations. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis showed that HBx and MHBst155 was only expression in HepG2/GFP-HBx and HepG2/GFP-MHBsst135 cells, respectively. Conclusion The HBx and MHBst155 recombinant expression plasmids pGFP-HBx and pGFP-MHBst155 were successfully constructed. The HepG2 cell lines were found to stably express GFP, GFP-HBx, or GFP-MHBst155 fusion protein. The plasmids may be used for further study on the molecular mechanisms by which HBx and MHBst involve in hepatocellular

  12. GFAP启动子介导放射性131Ⅰ靶向性治疗胶质瘤的实验研究%Glial fibrillary acidic protein promoters directed sodium iodide symporter expression in malignant gioma radioiodine therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玮; 谭建; 王澎

    2013-01-01

    possibility that the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) promoters modulate the human sodium iodide symporter (hNIS) expression in glioma and lead transecting hNIS gene into glioma cells for radioactive iodide treatment.Methods PGL3-Basic,PGL3-Control and PGL3-GFAP plasmids were transfected into U251,U87 and MRC-5 cells,respectively,with the help of liposome Lipofectamine 2000; 24 h after that,the reactivity of these cells was detected and the efficiency of GFAP promoter was tested under chemiluminescence apparatus.Recombinant adenovirus vector Ad-GFAP-hNIS in which GFA P promoter could modulate the hNIS gene expression was constructed,and then,the vector was transfected into the U251,U87 and MRC-5 cells; Western blotting was employed to detect the protein expressions of GFAP and hNIS.Ad-CMV-EGFP group (blank control) and Ad-CMV-hNIS group (negative control) and Ad-GFAP-hNIS group were employed; the 125I uptake and effiux abilities and the cell amount after gentian violet staining in the three groups were measured by γ counter; the clonogenecity rate of them was calculated.BALB/c female nude mice (n=20) was divided into four groups:group of injecting Ad-GFAP-hNIS without 131I,group of injecting Ad-GFAP-hNIS with 131I,group of injecting Ad-CMV-EGFP without 131I and group of injecting Ad-CMV-EGFP with 131I (n=5);U87 cells were transfected into the nude mice,and then,the tumor growth was observed and the life cycle of the mice was noted.Nude mice bearing the U87 tumors were injected Ad-GFAP-hNIS and Ad-CMV-EGFP,followed by 1 mCi 99mTcO4 via intraperitoneal injection; single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was performed.Results As compared with that of cells being transfected with PGL3-blank plasmid,the relative reactivity of U251 and U87 cells being transfected with PGL3-GFAP plasmid was decreased with significant difference (P<0.05).Western blotting revealed GFAP and hNIS proteins in U87 and U251 cells.125I uptake of U87 and U251 cells after Ad

  13. Association Between the Single Nucleotide Polymorphism and the Level of Aquaporin-4 Protein Expression in Han and Minority Chinese with Inflammatory Demyelinating Diseases of the Central Nervous System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Lan; Dai, Qingqing; Xu, Zhu; He, Dian; Wang, Hao; Wang, Qingsong; Zhang, Yifan; Zhu, Yingwu; Li, Yuan; Cai, Gang; Slavica, Krantic; Allan, Kermode

    2016-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not aquaporin-4 (AQP4) gene mutations are related to the pathogenesis of inflammatory demyelinating diseases in the central nervous system. Polymorphisms of AQP4 exons 1-5 were determined by sequencing DNA from 67 patients with central nervous system inflammatory demyelinating diseases, including neuromyelitis optica (NMO), multiple sclerosis, recurrent or simultaneous bilateral optic neuritis, and longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis. A plasmid with the identified new missense mutation was constructed, and human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293A) were transfected with either the pEGFP-N1-AQP4-M23 vector (bearing the identified mutated cDNA sequence) or with the plasmid bearing the wild-type AQP4 gene sequence. AQP4 protein expression was analyzed in both experimental groups using Western Blot analysis following protein extraction from transfected cells. A synonymous mutation (rs1839318) was detected on exon 3, and an additional synonymous mutation was detected on the exon 2-2 (rs72557968). Most importantly, a new missense mutation was detected on exon 2-1. According to Western blot analysis, the mutated cDNA sequence yielded increased AQP4 protein expression in comparison with the wild-type cDNA sequence (P < 0.05). AQP4 gene mutations are uncommon, occurring in only 3 out of 67 patients. Although it is possible that the mutations contributed to an increased risk of inflammatory central nervous system disease in these individuals, it is unlikely that mutations are a significant contributor to most patients with NMO spectrum disorders in China. PMID:25895050

  14. Constitutive expression of pathogen-inducible OsWRKY31 enhances disease resistance and affects root growth and auxin response in transgenic rice plants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Juan Zhang; Youliang Peng; Zejian Guo

    2008-01-01

    WRKY transcription factors have many regulatory roles in response to biotic and abiotic stresses. In this study, we isolated a rice WRKY gene (OsWRKY31) that is induced by the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea and auxin. This gene encodes a polypeptide of 211 amino-acid residues and belongs to a subgroup of the rice WRKY gene family that probably originated after the divergence of monocot and dicot plants. OsWRKY31 was found to be localized to the nucleus of onion epidermis cells to transiently express OsWRKY31-eGFP fusion protein. Analysis of 0sWRKY31 and its mutants fused with a Cal4 DNA-binding domain indicated that OsWRKY31 has transactivation activity in yeast. Overexpression of the OsWRKY31 gene was found to enhance resistance against infection with M. grisea, and the transgenic lines exhibited reduced lateral root formation and elongation compared with wild-type and RNAi plants. The lines with overexpression showed constitutive expression of many defense-related genes, such as PBZ1 and OsSci2, as well as early auxin-response genes, such as OsIAA4 and OsCrll genes. Furthermore, the plants with overexpression were less sensitive to exogenously supplied IBA, NAA and 2,4-D at high concentrations, suggesting that overexpression of the OsWRKY31 gene might alter the auxin response or transport. These results also suggest that OsWRKY31 might be a common component in the signal transduction pathways of the auxin response and the defense response in rice.

  15. Cloning of murine BRI3 gene and study on its function for inducing cell death

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    To understand the molecular mechanism of TNFα effects, the cDNA of murine BRI3 gene was cloned from the total RNA of murine brain endothelial cells (bEnd.3)treated with hTNFα by using the suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) and the RT-PCR method. The fusion expression vector harbouring BRI3 gene and enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) thus obtained were designated as pEGFP/I3. Then pEGFP/I3 was transiently transfected into L929 cells and the fusion protein EGFP/I3 was localized in cytoplasm. It is found that the expression of EGFP/I3 could induce cell death in L929 cells detected by TUNEL method and flow cytometry. And the overexpression of Bci-2 in L929 cells can block cell death induced by EGFP/I3, indicating that murine BRI3 gene might related to the TNFα mediated cytotoxicity.

  16. Natural Art, False Expressions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Hernando Nossa García

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In the documentary My Kid Could Paint That, directed by Bar-Lev, which deals with Marla Olmstead, the child prodigy of painting, several interviews with persons in the art world are conducted, among them an artist who uses a magnifying glass and the thinnest brushes to do his work. This man, although happy for the success of the child’s abstract paintings, saw in the whole spectacle a mockery of art, and stood firmly by her work. The girl’s father, also an artist, was accused of plagiarism. Cameras entered the child’s studio in order to prove that Marla was the real artist. Why should such relevance be given to authorship? What is the cause of the dispute between the expressive and the rational?

  17. Therapeutic angiogenesis induced by human hepatocyte growth factor gene in rat hindlimb of ischemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晋津

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of plasmid pEGFP-hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-Cl on rat acute ischemia of hindlimb. Methods The eukaryotic expressed plasmid pEGFP-HGF-Cl carrving human HGF cDNA was constructed. The transfection efficiency and the expression level of HGF were evaluated

  18. Construction of bivalent plant expression vector with cold-induced gene of Chorispora bungeana in sugarcane%高山离子芥冷诱导基因转化甘蔗二元植物表达载体构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢双楠; 刘晓静; 李鸣; 梁俊; 李容柏; 李粲; 滕峥; 刘开雨; 刘芳; 邱永福; 梁朝旭; 方位宽; 何姗珊

    2012-01-01

    [目的]利用载体重组技术分别将高山离子芥冷诱导基因(Cbcor15a)和报告基因eGF插入载体pCambia1300-bar,并引入玉米泛素基因启动子UBi-1代替载体本身启动子CaMV 35s,重组为适合甘蔗转基因的二元植物表达载体pCambia 1300-cbcor 15a-bar.[方法]参照pCambia1300-bar载体多克隆位点和基因Cbcor15a、eGFP和启动子UBi-1的核苷酸序列设计引物,通过载体重组技术将基因和启动子分别插入相应的位点.利用基因枪分别将pCambia1300-bar载体和重组载体导入洋葱表皮细胞,用荧光显微镜和激光共聚焦显微镜观察.[结果]与导入pCambia 1300-bar载体的洋葱表皮细胞相比较,导入重组载体pCambia1300-cbcor15a-bar的洋葱表皮细胞内有强烈的绿色荧光信号.[结论]重组甘蔗转基因二元植物表达载体启动子Ubi-1能够调控下游冷诱导基因Cbcor15a和报告基因eGFP的正常高效表达,为外源基因Cbcor15a转化甘蔗提供保障.%[Objective]A new bivalent plant expression vector, named pCambial300-cbcorl5a-bar, was recombined by inserting two genes, I.e. Cbcor15a and eGFP, into the vector pCambial300-bar and replacing the promoter CaMV 35s with Ubi-1. [Method]Based on the multiple cloning sites of the expression vector pCambial300-bar, the primers were designed according to the nucleotide sequence of gene Cbcorl5a and eGFP and the promoter Ubi-1, and then the fragments of the genes and promoter were inserted into the vector pCambial300-bar. The plasmids of the vector pCambial300-cb-cor15a-bar were transduced into onion epidermal cells via particle bombardment. The results were observed through fluorescence microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscope, respectively. [Result]Compared to onion epidermal cell with pCambia 1300-bar, onion epidermal cell transduced with the recombinant vector plastnid had a very bright green florescence. [Conclusion]Downstream cold-induced gene Cbcorl5a and reporter gene eGFP regulaled by up

  19. Remembering Faces with Emotional Expressions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang Hong eLiu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available It is known that happy faces create more robust identity recognition memory than faces with some other expressions. However, this advantage was not verified against all basic expressions. Moreover, no research has assessed whether similar differences also exist among other expressions. To tackle these questions, we compared the effects of six basic emotional expressions on recognition memory using a standard old/new recognition task. The experiment also examined whether exposure to different emotional expressions at training creates variable effects on transfer of the trained faces to a new/neutral expression. Our results suggest that happy faces produced better identity recognition relative to disgusted faces, regardless of whether they were tested in the same image or a new image displaying a neutral expression. None of the other emotional expressions created measurable advantage for recognition memory. Overall, our data lend further support for the happy face advantage for long-term recognition memory. However, our detailed analyses also show that the advantage of happy expression on identity recognition may not be equally discernible from all other emotional expressions.

  20. Techniques in Facial Expression Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Avinash Prakash Pandhare; Umesh Balkrishna Chavan

    2016-01-01

    Facial expression recognition is gaining widespread importance as the applications related to Human – Computer interactions are increasing. This paper mentions various techniques and approaches that have been used in the field of facial expression recognition. Facial expression recognition takes place in various stages and these stages have been implemented by various approaches. Viola and Jones for face detection, Gabor filters for feature extraction, SVM classifiers for classifi...

  1. Generation of eGFP and Cre knockin rats by CRISPR/Cas9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Yuanwu; Ma, Jing; Zhang, Xu; Chen, Wei; Yu, Lei; Lu, Yingdong; Bai, Lin; Shen, Bin; Huang, Xingxu; Zhang, Lianfeng

    2014-09-01

    The type II bacterial CRISPR/Cas [clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas)] system is a very valuable genome engineering tool, which has been widely used in genome editing of a variety of organisms. Previously, we generated floxed alleles in rats by CRISPR/Cas9. Here, we successfully use a two-cut strategy with one circular vector, which contains the exogenous cDNAs with homology arm regions, in generating knockin rats at the Trdmt1, Nestin and Cck loci. The efficiency of CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knockin was up to 54%. Furthermore, by crossing the Nestin-Cre rat with the Dnmt3b floxed rat and Cck-Cre with the Dnmt1 floxed rat, we detected Cre/loxP-mediated recombination in the F1 generation of rats. We also show that the knockin alleles were germline transmitted. These results provided a simple and flexible engineering strategy for the establishment of knockin rats.

  2. Oracle Application Express 4 Recipes

    CERN Document Server

    Zehoo, Edmund

    2011-01-01

    Oracle Application Express 4 Recipes provides an example-based approach to learning Application Express - the ground-breaking, rapid application development platform included with every Oracle Database license. The recipes format is ideal for the quick-study who just wants a good example or two to kick start their thinking and get pointed in the right direction. The recipes cover the gamut of Application Express development. Author and Application Express expert Edmund Zehoo shows how to create data entry screens, visualize data in the form of reports and charts, implement validation and back-

  3. Generational Differences of Emotional Expression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李学勇

    2014-01-01

    As a kind of subjective psychological activity, emotion can only be known and perceived by a certain expressive form. Varies as the different main bodies, difference of emotional expression can be reflected not only among individuals but between generations. The old conceals their emotions inside, the young express their emotions boldly, and the middle-aged are rational and deep in their expressions. Facing and understanding such differences is the premise and foundation of the con-struction of a harmonious relationship between different generations.

  4. Expression of RNA interference triggers from an oncolytic herpes simplex virus results in specific silencing in tumour cells in vitro and tumours in vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anesti Anna-Maria

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA to tumours remains a major obstacle for the development of RNA interference (RNAi-based therapeutics. Following the promising pre-clinical and clinical results with the oncolytic herpes simplex virus (HSV OncoVEXGM-CSF, we aimed to express RNAi triggers from oncolytic HSV, which although has the potential to improve treatment by silencing tumour-related genes, was not considered possible due to the highly oncolytic properties of HSV. Methods To evaluate RNAi-mediated silencing from an oncolytic HSV backbone, we developed novel replicating HSV vectors expressing short-hairpin RNA (shRNA or artificial microRNA (miRNA against the reporter genes green fluorescent protein (eGFP and β-galactosidase (lacZ. These vectors were tested in non-tumour cell lines in vitro and tumour cells that are moderately susceptible to HSV infection both in vitro and in mice xenografts in vivo. Silencing was assessed at the protein level by fluorescent microscopy, x-gal staining, enzyme activity assay, and western blotting. Results Our results demonstrate that it is possible to express shRNA and artificial miRNA from an oncolytic HSV backbone, which had not been previously investigated. Furthermore, oncolytic HSV-mediated delivery of RNAi triggers resulted in effective and specific silencing of targeted genes in tumour cells in vitro and tumours in vivo, with the viruses expressing artificial miRNA being comprehensibly more effective. Conclusions This preliminary data provide the first demonstration of oncolytic HSV-mediated expression of shRNA or artificial miRNA and silencing of targeted genes in tumour cells in vitro and in vivo. The vectors developed in this study are being adapted to silence tumour-related genes in an ongoing study that aims to improve the effectiveness of oncolytic HSV treatment in tumours that are moderately susceptible to HSV infection and thus, potentially improve response rates seen

  5. Expression modeling for expression-invariant face recognition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haar, F.B. Ter; Veltkamp, R.C.

    2010-01-01

    Morphable face models have proven to be an effective tool for 3D face modeling and face recognition, but the extension to 3D face scans with expressions is still a challenge. The two main difficulties are (1) how to build a new morphable face model that deals with expressions, and (2) how to fit thi

  6. Inhibition of RAW264.7 Macrophage Inflammatory Cytokines Release by Small Haparin RNAi Targeting TLR4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hui; ZHANG Jinxiang; WU Heshui; JIANG Chunfang; ZHENG Qichang; LI Zhuoya

    2006-01-01

    In order to construct an expression vector carrying small hairpin (sh) RNA (shRNA) for toll-like receptor 4 mRNA and a reporter gene of enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) and study the inhibition of cytokine release by RAW264.7 cell induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)stimulation through transfection and expression of shRNA targeting TLR4 gene via the RNAi mechanism, the reporter gene plasmid pEGFP-C1 (4.7 kb) and psiRNA-hHlneo (2979 bp) were used. The H1 promotor and double Bbs Ⅰ restrict endoenzyme site were cloned from plasmid psiRNA-hHlneo and reconstructed them into plasmid pEGFP-C1 in the Mlu Ⅰ restrict endoenzymic site, forming plasmid pEGFP-H1/siRNA, which contained Bbs site and reporter EGFP gene. Then an oligonuclear hairpin sequence targeting TLR4 gene was designed by internet tool and inserted into the plasmid pEGFP-H 1/siRNA forming plasmid pEGFP-H 1/TLR4-siRNA. After transfection of pEGFP-H1/TLR4-siRNA into RAW264.7 cells, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) release by the cells after stimulation by LPS was detected. The results showed that the constructed pEGFP-H1/TLR4-siRNA carrying hairpin RNA for TLR4 gene and reporter EGFP gene were proven to be right by restriction endonuclease analysis. The expression of EGFP gene was (50.37±8.23) %and after transfection of the plasmid pEGFP-H1/ TLR4-siRNA the level of TNF-α released by RAW264.7 cell was down regulated. It was concluded that shRNA targeting TLR4 gene could inhibit the TNF-α release by RAW264.7 cells evoked by LPS.

  7. Tumor-specific gene expression patterns with gene expression profiles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RUAN Xiaogang; LI Yingxin; LI Jiangeng; GONG Daoxiong; WANG Jinlian

    2006-01-01

    Gene expression profiles of 14 common tumors and their counterpart normal tissues were analyzed with machine learning methods to address the problem of selection of tumor-specific genes and analysis of their differential expressions in tumor tissues. First, a variation of the Relief algorithm, "RFE_Relief algorithm" was proposed to learn the relations between genes and tissue types. Then, a support vector machine was employed to find the gene subset with the best classification performance for distinguishing cancerous tissues and their counterparts. After tissue-specific genes were removed, cross validation experiments were employed to demonstrate the common deregulated expressions of the selected gene in tumor tissues. The results indicate the existence of a specific expression fingerprint of these genes that is shared in different tumor tissues, and the hallmarks of the expression patterns of these genes in cancerous tissues are summarized at the end of this paper.

  8. MPG1基因驱动GFP基因在大丽轮枝菌中表达%The MPG1 Gene Act as Promoter to Drive GFP Gene to Express in Verticillium dahlia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张斯; 柳燕; 徐婷婷; 吕乐; 竺锡武; 陈集双

    2015-01-01

    To study whether the MPG1 gene were used as the promoter to drive GFP gene to express in Verticillium dahlia, via Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation the pHMG vector with MPG1-eGFP gene were transformed into spores of the Verticillium dahlia T-9. There were 80 transformants each 106 spores. The green fluorescence was found from the spores and hypha of the transformants by the Fluorescence Microscope. By the genomic DNA-PCR and western blot, the results also suggested that the GFP gene were expressed in Verticillium dahlia. All the results showed that the MPG1 gene could act as a promoter to drive GFP gene to expression in Verticillium dahlia.%为了探讨以MPG1基因作为启动子能否驱动GFP基因在大丽轮枝菌中表达,采用根癌农杆菌介导的真菌遗传转化方法,将含有MPG1-eGFP表达盒的pHMG载体转化入棉花大丽轮枝菌T-9中。经抗生素筛选后转化子约80个/106孢子,荧光显微镜观察转化子菌株孢子和菌丝在荧光显微镜下均发出绿色荧光,基因组DNA-PCR检测、GFP蛋白western blot检测表明,GFP蛋白在大丽轮枝菌转化子中成功表达。结果表明,MPG1基因作为启动子成功驱动GFP基因在大丽轮枝菌中转录表达。

  9. XPD对SMMC-7721肝癌细胞中DNp73和GADD45β的调控及意义%Overexpression of XPD decreases DNp73 expression and increases GADD45β expression in SMMC-7721 hepatoma cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芬芬; 张吉翔

    2012-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the impact of transfection with the XPD gene on the expression of DNp73 and GADD45p and cell proliferation and apoptosis in human hepatoma cell line SMMC-7721.METHODS: After SMMC-7721 cells were trans-fected with SMMC-7721-pEGFP-N2-XPD, the mRNA and protein expression of DNp73 and GADD45β was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively; cell proliferation was assessed by MTT assay; and the changes in cell apoptosis were evaluated by flow cytometry.RESULTS: Compared to control cells, the expres-sion of DNp73 mRNA decreased significantly and that of XPD and GADD45β mRNAs was enhanced obviously in cells transfected with XPD (all P < 0.01). Similar results were obtained for the expression of XPD, DNp73 and GADD45p proteins. The proliferation of SMMC-7721 cells was markedly inhibited and the apoptosis of SMMC-7721 cells was increased after transfection with XPD (both P< 0.01).CONCLUSION: The wild-type XPD plays an important inhibitory role in the carcinogenesis of HCC. Overexpression of XPD decreases the expression of DNp73 and increases the expression of GADD45p, which suggests that both DNp73 and GADD45p may play a key role in the inhibitory effect of XPD on the carcinogenesis of HCC.%目的:观察人剪切修复基因人类着色性干皮病D组基因(xeroderma pigmentosum group D,XPD)转染至人肝癌细胞株SMMC-7721细胞后XPD、DNp73和GADD45p基因的表达变化以及对肝癌细胞生长的影响.方法:实验分4组:重组质粒SMMC-7721-pEGFP-N2-XPD(XPD组)、空载质粒SMMC-7721-pEGFP-N2组(N2组),脂质体组和SMMC-7721细胞空白对照组.应用Lipofectamine2000脂质体瞬时转染,逆转录聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)和蛋白印迹(Westernblot)法检测转XPD基因后,人肝癌细胞株SMMC-7721细胞中DNp73以及GADD45β的mRNA和蛋白质的表达量变化,并用四甲基偶氮唑盐(MTT)法检测细胞增殖的活力,流式细胞仪检测细胞凋亡的变化.结果:荧光显微镜下,XPD组和N2组细胞中观察到

  10. Reporter gene expression in dendritic cells after gene gun administration of plasmid DNA

    OpenAIRE

    Watkins, Craig; Hopkins, John; Harkiss, Gordon

    2005-01-01

    Dendritic cells (DC) play an integral role in plasmid DNA vaccination. However, the interaction between plasmid DNA and DC in vivo is incompletely understood. In this report, we utilise the sheep pseudoafferent cannulation model to examine the interaction between plasmid DNA encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein (pEGFP) and afferent lymph DC (ALDC) following gene gun administration. The results show that peaks of fluorescent ALDC tended to appear around days 1-4 and 9-13, then erratical...

  11. Human papillomavirus gene expression

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the role of tissue differentiation on expression of each of the papillomavirus mRNA species identified by electron microscopy, the authors prepared exon-specific RNA probes that could distinguish the alternatively spliced mRNA species. Radioactively labeled single-stranded RNA probes were generated from a dual promoter vector system and individually hybridized to adjacent serial sections of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded biopsies of condylomata. Autoradiography showed that each of the message species had a characteristic tissue distribution and relative abundance. The authors have characterized a portion of the regulatory network of the HPVs by showing that the E2 ORF encodes a trans-acting enhancer-stimulating protein, as it does in BPV-1 (Spalholz et al. 1985). The HPV-11 enhancer was mapped to a 150-bp tract near the 3' end of the URR. Portions of this region are duplicated in some aggressive strains of HPV-6 (Boshart and zur Hausen 1986; Rando et al. 1986). To test the possible biological relevance of these duplications, they cloned tandem arrays of the enhancer and demonstrated, using a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) assay, that they led to dramatically increased transcription proportional to copy number. Using the CAT assays, the authors found that the E2 proteins of several papillomavirus types can cross-stimulate the enhancers of most other types. This suggests that prior infection of a tissue with one papillomavirus type may provide a helper effect for superinfection and might account fo the HPV-6/HPV-16 coinfections in condylomata that they have observed

  12. Analysis of Animal Metaphorical Expression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜晴川

    2016-01-01

    Animal metaphor, as a kind of metaphor, refers to a cognitive process in which some aspects of human beings are understood or experienced through the aspects of animals. The meanings of animal metaphor are based on people's experience, cultural background, custom and the ways of thinking. Animal metaphorical expression is an important part of human's language expressions and communication.

  13. Emotional Expression in Reality TV

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Tove Arendt

    , that information ‘given off’ in lying behavior will must often be found in non-verbal mikro expressions and mikro gestures. I will end by discussing the strategic emotional expressions as production of floating identities in a broader framework on the basis of among others Gergen, Lipovetsky and Baumann...

  14. Precise Analysis of String Expressions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Aske Simon; Møller, Anders; Schwartzbach, Michael Ignatieff

    2003-01-01

    , including statically checking the syntax of dynamically generated expressions, such as SQL queries. Our analysis constructs flow graphs from class files and generates a context-free grammar with a nonterminal for each string expression. The language of this grammar is then widened into a regular language...

  15. Creating an Expressive Performance Mindset

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broomhead, Paul; Skidmore, Jon B.

    2014-01-01

    Students in performance situations sometimes experience physiological symptoms that inhibit their ability to perform as expressively as they otherwise might possess the understanding and ability to do. As students set out to perform with an expressive mindset, the brain's limbic system may detect some perceived danger in the situation and…

  16. Generation and evaluation of a chimeric classical swine fever virus expressing a visible marker gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yongfeng; Wang, Xiao; Sun, Yuan; Li, Lian-Feng; Zhang, Lingkai; Li, Su; Luo, Yuzi; Qiu, Hua-Ji

    2016-03-01

    Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is a noncytopathogenic virus, and the incorporation of an enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) tag into the viral genome provides a means of direct monitoring of viral infection without immunostaining. It is well established that the 3' untranslated region (3'-UTR) of the CSFV plays an important role in viral RNA replication. Although CSFV carrying a reporter gene and chimeric CSFV have been generated and evaluated, a chimeric CSFV with a visible marker has not yet been reported. Here, we generated and evaluated a chimeric virus containing the EGFP tag and the 3'-UTR from vaccine strain HCLV (C-strain) in the genetic background of the highly virulent CSFV Shimen strain. The chimeric marker CSFV was fluorescent and had an approximately 100-fold lower viral titer, lower replication level of viral genome, and weaker fluorescence intensity than the recombinant CSFV with only the EGFP tag or the parental virus. Furthermore, the marker chimera was avirulent and displayed no viremia in inoculated pigs, which were completely protected from lethal CSFV challenge as early as 15 days post-inoculation. The chimeric marker virus was visible in vitro and attenuated in vitro and in vivo, which suggests that CSFV can be engineered to produce attenuated variants with a visible marker to facilitate in vitro studies of CSFV infection and replication and to develop of novel vaccines against CSF. PMID:26614259

  17. Establishment and identification of human osteosarcoma cell line stably expressing wild-type p53 gene%稳定表达野生型p53基因人骨肉瘤细胞株的建立与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷晓晶; 韩鹏飞; 吕智

    2012-01-01

    目的 建立稳定表达外源性野生型p53基因的人骨肉瘤细胞株(u-2 OS),为进一步研究野生型p53基因在骨肉瘤自杀基因治疗中的协同作用提供体外实验模型建立与鉴定的方法. 方法 利用分子生物学基因克隆技术将人类野生型p53基因cDNA片段插入到表达载体pIRES-EGFP中,得到重组质粒pIRES-EGFP-p53,并通过PCR、酶切电泳等方法进行质粒鉴定;然后用该重组质粒转化大肠杆菌BL21细胞,转化菌落经PCR扩增后,将提取的质粒DNA用脂质体介导的转染方法导人U-2OS细胞中,经荧光显微镜下人工筛选得到稳定转染的骨肉瘤细胞系. 结果 成功地构建出包含有野生型p53 cDNA片段的重组质粒pIRES-EGFP-p53,通过PCR、酶切电泳等方法鉴定质粒大小和位点均符合实验设计;并将该重组质粒成功导人人骨肉瘤细胞株U-2OS细胞中,经荧光显微镜下人工筛选得到稳定转染的骨肉瘤细胞系,命名为u-2-p53 OS.转染后的骨肉瘤细胞出现散在的凋亡现象. 结论 利用基因转染技术,建立了稳定表达外源性野生型p53基因的人骨肉瘤U-2-p53 OS 细胞系,为进一步研究野生型p53基因在骨肉瘤自杀基因治疗中的协同作用奠定了基础.%Objective To establish an in vitro model of human osteosarcoma cell strain( U-2 OS) stably expressing the exogenetic wild-type p53 gene for further studying the role of wild-type p53 gene in osteosarcoma suicide gene therapy. Methods The molecular biology technology was used to insert the human wild-type p53 cDNA fragment into the expression vector pIRES-EGFP for obtaining the recombinant plasmid pIRES-EGFP-p53, and then it was identified by PCR, enzyme electrophoresis and other methods. Then the recom-binant plasmid was transformed into E. Coli BL21 cells. After the transformed colony was amplified by PCR,the plasmid DNA was trans-fected into U-2 OS cells by liposome-mediated transfection method. Under fluorescence microscopy

  18. Expression in E. coli systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogsdam, Anne-M; Kristiansen, Karsten; Nøhr, Jane

    2003-01-01

    Owing to cost advantage, speed of production, and often high product yield (up to 50% of total cell protein), expression in Escherichia coli is generally the first choice when attempting to express a recombinant protein. Expression systems exist to produce recombinant protein intracellularly...... (soluble or in inclusion bodies), secreted to the periplasm, or to the surrounding medium. When deciding on a genetic design strategy, it is important to consider the nature of the recombinant protein. The mildest and thus the obvious first-choice expression strategy is to attempt to express the protein...... intracellularly in soluble form. In E. coli, proteins containing disulfide bonds are best produced by secretion because the disulfide forming foldases reside in the periplasm. Likewise, a correct N-terminus is more likely to be obtained upon secretion. Moreover, potentially toxic proteins are more likely...

  19. Spontaneous Emotional Facial Expression Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhihong Zeng

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Change in a speaker’s emotion is a fundamental component in human communication. Automatic recognition of spontaneous emotion would significantly impact human-computer interaction and emotion-related studies in education, psychology and psychiatry. In this paper, we explore methods for detecting emotional facial expressions occurring in a realistic human conversation setting—the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI. Because non-emotional facial expressions have no distinct description and are expensive to model, we treat emotional facial expression detection as a one- class classification problem, which is to describe target objects (i.e., emotional facial expressions and distinguish them from outliers (i.e., non-emotional ones. Our preliminary experiments on AAI data suggest that one-class classification methods can reach a good balance between cost (labeling and computing and recognition performance by avoiding non-emotional expression labeling and modeling.

  20. Techniques in Facial Expression Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avinash Prakash Pandhare

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Facial expression recognition is gaining widespread importance as the applications related to Human – Computer interactions are increasing. This paper mentions various techniques and approaches that have been used in the field of facial expression recognition. Facial expression recognition takes place in various stages and these stages have been implemented by various approaches. Viola and Jones for face detection, Gabor filters for feature extraction, SVM classifiers for classification, L1 minimization for sparse representation, facial expression recognition, geometric deformation model, multiple gabor filters for robust feature extraction, parallel implementation of Viola and Jones for face detection and parallel implementation of SVM classifier for classification of expressions are discussed in this paper.

  1. Growth Suppression of Human Lung Cancer Cells and Implanted Tumors by Adenovirus-mediated Transfer of the PTEN Gene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志雄; 杨炯

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the effects of a recombinant adenovirus Ad-PTEN-EGFP on the proliferation of A549 cells,a human lung carcinoma cell line,in vitro and on the growth of the implanted tumors in the nude mice in vivo,explored the underlying mechanisms and evaluated the in vitro transfection efficiency of Ad-PTEN-EGFP into A549 cells.The expression of Ad-PTEN-EGFP in the A549 cells was determined.The proliferation and the apoptosis rates of the A549 cells with Ad-PTEN-EGFP transfection or not was detected by...

  2. A preclinical model for noninvasive imaging of hypoxia-induced gene expression; comparison with an exogenous marker of tumor hypoxia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hypoxia is associated with tumor aggressiveness and is an important cause of resistance to radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Assays of tumor hypoxia could provide selection tools for hypoxia-modifying treatments. The purpose of this study was to develop and characterize a rodent tumor model with a reporter gene construct that would be transactivated by the hypoxia-inducible molecular switch, i.e., the upregulation of HIF-1. The reporter gene construct is the herpes simplex virus 1-thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk) fused with the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) under the regulation of an artificial hypoxia-responsive enhancer/promoter. In this model, tumor hypoxia would up-regulate HIF-1, and through the hypoxia-responsive promoter transactivate the HSV1-tkeGFPfusion gene. The expression of this reporter gene can be assessed with the 124I-labeled reporter substrate 2'-fluoro-2'-deoxy-1-β-d-arabinofuranosyl-5-iodouracil (124I-FIAU), which is phosphorylated by the HSV1-tk enzyme and trapped in the hypoxic cells. Animal positron emission tomography (microPET) and phosphor plate imaging (PPI) were used in this study to visualize the trapped 124I-FIAU, providing a distribution of the hypoxia-induced molecular events. The distribution of 124I-FIAU was also compared with that of an exogenous hypoxic cell marker, 18F-fluoromisonidazole (FMISO). Our results showed that 124I-FIAU microPET imaging of the hypoxia-induced reporter gene expression is feasible, and that the intratumoral distributions of 124I-FIAU and 18F-FMISO are similar. In tumor sections, detailed radioactivity distributions were obtained with PPI which also showed similarity between 124I-FIAU and 18F-FMISO. This reporter system is sufficiently sensitive to detect hypoxia-induced transcriptional activation by noninvasive imaging and might provide a valuable tool in studying tumor hypoxia and in validating existing and future exogenous markers for tumor hypoxia. (orig.)

  3. Expression and communication of doubt/uncertainty through facial expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pio E. Ricci Bitti

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available There is a wide debate on the mental state of doubt/uncertainty; one wonders whether it is a predominantly cognitive or emotional state of mind and whether typical facial expressions communicate doubt/uncertainty. To this purpose,through a role playing procedure, a large sample of expressions were collected and afterwards evaluated through a combination of encoding and decoding procedures,including also FACS (Facial Action Coding System analysis. The results have partially confirmed our hypothesis, identifying two typical facial expressions of doubt/uncertainty, which share the same facial actions in the inferior part of the face and show differential facial actions in the upper face.

  4. Construction of Homo sapiens Rab12 Eukaryotic Expression