WorldWideScience

Sample records for brokerage

  1. Stabilizing brokerage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stovel, Katherine; Golub, Benjamin; Milgrom, Eva M Meyersson

    2011-12-27

    A variety of social and economic arrangements exist to facilitate the exchange of goods, services, and information over gaps in social structure. Each of these arrangements bears some relationship to the idea of brokerage, but this brokerage is rarely like the pure and formal economic intermediation seen in some modern markets. Indeed, for reasons illuminated by existing sociological and economic models, brokerage is a fragile relationship. In this paper, we review the causes of instability in brokerage and identify three social mechanisms that can stabilize fragile brokerage relationships: social isolation, broker capture, and organizational grafting. Each of these mechanisms rests on the emergence or existence of supporting institutions. We suggest that organizational grafting may be the most stable and effective resolution to the tensions inherent in brokerage, but it is also the most institutionally demanding.

  2. Bridging, brokerage and betweenness

    OpenAIRE

    Everett, Martin G.; Thomas W. Valente

    2015-01-01

    Valente and Fujimoto (2010) proposed a measure of brokerage in networks based on Granovetter’s classic work on the strength of weak ties. Their paper identified the need for finding node-based measures of brokerage that consider the entire network structure, not just a node’s local environment. The measures they propose, aggregating the average change in cohesion for a node’s links, has several limitations. In this paper we review their method and show how the idea can be modified by using be...

  3. Bridging, brokerage and betweenness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everett, Martin G.; Valente, Thomas W.

    2017-01-01

    Valente and Fujimoto (2010) proposed a measure of brokerage in networks based on Granovetter’s classic work on the strength of weak ties. Their paper identified the need for finding node-based measures of brokerage that consider the entire network structure, not just a node’s local environment. The measures they propose, aggregating the average change in cohesion for a node’s links, has several limitations. In this paper we review their method and show how the idea can be modified by using betweenness centrality as an underpinning concept. We explore the properties of the new method and provide point, normalized, and network level variations. This new approach has two advantages, first it provides a more robust means to normalize the measure to control for network size, and second, the modified measure is computationally less demanding making it applicable to larger networks. PMID:28239229

  4. Bridging, brokerage and betweenness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everett, Martin G; Valente, Thomas W

    2016-01-01

    Valente and Fujimoto (2010) proposed a measure of brokerage in networks based on Granovetter's classic work on the strength of weak ties. Their paper identified the need for finding node-based measures of brokerage that consider the entire network structure, not just a node's local environment. The measures they propose, aggregating the average change in cohesion for a node's links, has several limitations. In this paper we review their method and show how the idea can be modified by using betweenness centrality as an underpinning concept. We explore the properties of the new method and provide point, normalized, and network level variations. This new approach has two advantages, first it provides a more robust means to normalize the measure to control for network size, and second, the modified measure is computationally less demanding making it applicable to larger networks.

  5. Information brokerage: GAIA service assessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dormann, Claire

    1999-01-01

    Electronic brokerage concepts and systems offer the customer the opportunity to find the right product, at the right price, from the right supplier. Electronic brokerage systems have the potential to expand the market allowing customers to source a new range of products adapted to their need...

  6. Business Mododelling of Electronic Brokerage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skouby, Knud Erik; Øst, Alexander Gorm

    1998-01-01

    The central task of Business Modelling is to develop a theoretical techno-economic reference model for analyses of the value chain in the production of brokerage services in electronic networks......The central task of Business Modelling is to develop a theoretical techno-economic reference model for analyses of the value chain in the production of brokerage services in electronic networks...

  7. Bridging, brokerage and betweenness

    OpenAIRE

    Everett, Martin G.; Thomas W. Valente

    2015-01-01

    Valente and Fujimoto (2010) proposed a measure of brokerage in networks based on Granovetter’s classicwork on the strength of weak ties. Their paper identified the need for finding node-based measures ofbrokerage that consider the entire network structure, not just a node’s local environment. The measuresthey propose, aggregating the average change in cohesion for a node’s links, has several limitations.In this paper we review their method and show how the idea can be modified by using ...

  8. A Model of the Temporal Dynamics of Knowledge Brokerage in Sustainable Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hukkinen, Janne I.

    2016-01-01

    I develop a conceptual model of the temporal dynamics of knowledge brokerage for sustainable development. Brokerage refers to efforts to make research and policymaking more accessible to each other. The model enables unbiased and systematic consideration of knowledge brokerage as part of policy evolution. The model is theoretically grounded in…

  9. Brokerage in Cross-Border Mobility: Social Mechanisms and the (ReProduction of Social Inequalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Faist

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Brokerage is an essential yet understudied function in social life. In one of the classics in the field of sociology, Georg Simmel differentiated three types of the “third” which help to analyse brokerage: the disinterested mediator or arbitrator, tertius gaudens and divide et impera. Studies that conceptualise traffickers and smugglers as brokers are extremely rare. Scholars lack a typology which can serve as a basis for comparative research. To advance scholarship on brokerage this article seeks to develop a conceptual-typological matrix by setting out to explore three questions: Why does brokerage exist? What kind of social mechanism is brokerage? What are the implications of brokerage for social inequalities and equalities? The analysis concludes with the consequences of different types of brokerage for the (reproduction of social inequalities.

  10. Localising Neoliberalism: Indigenist Brokerage in the New Zealand University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rata, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The examination of indigenist interests in the New Zealand university is framed by a theoretical understanding of indigeneity as a strategy in regulating social organisation and resource management in neoliberal global capitalism. Three stages of the brokerage of indigenist interests are identified. These are: the production and representation of…

  11. Essays on local housing and real estate brokerage markets.:Essays on local housing and real estate brokerage markets.

    OpenAIRE

    Helgers, Roel

    2016-01-01

    As noted by the late housing economist John Quigley (1979), housing markets are characterized by a peculiar combination of features, such as durability, spatial fixity and multidimensional heterogeneity. The combination of these features differentiate it from other product markets and it has been shown that they have a non-negligible impact upon market outcomes in housing and real estate brokerage markets. The inherent spatial fixation and the multidimensional heterogeneity of housing units, ...

  12. Brokerage and SME Innovation: An Analysis of the Technology Transfer Service at Area Science Park, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cattapan, Paolo; Passarelli, Mariacarmela; Petrone, Michele

    2012-01-01

    This paper contributes to the literature on innovation brokerage by analysing the effects of brokerage activities on the innovation and growth of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The authors provide a detailed description of the Technology Transfer Service (TTS), credited as a European best-practice innovation broker, at Area Science…

  13. The impact of design choices and market factors on brokerage firms' efficiency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Groot, T.; Risseeuw, P.; Wiersma, E.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore how scale and scope of operations, firm age, and the choice to join a franchise formula influences brokerage firms' efficiency. Design/methodology/approach - Four-year data of 1,282 Dutch real estate brokerage firms is used to compute a relative effi

  14. 78 FR 72872 - Notice of Intent To Grant Partially Exclusive Patent License; ICAP Patent Brokerage, LLC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-04

    ... Department of the Navy Notice of Intent To Grant Partially Exclusive Patent License; ICAP Patent Brokerage... gives notice of its intent to grant to ICAP Patent Brokerage, LLC, a revocable, nonassignable, partially exclusive license in the United States to practice the Government-Owned inventions described in U.S....

  15. MEASURING SERVICE QUALITY USING SERVQUAL MODEL: A CASE STUDY OF BROKERAGE OFFICES IN IRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Rajabipoor Meybodi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Many organizations especially service organizations to suit their ideals and mission specific approach to the topic that have quality and management. This paper is intended to subject the importance of quality serve the brokerage offices, the gap analysis using the model and analysis techniques to Servqual quality service brokerage offices presented a case study (Stock Brokerage office's regional provinces Yazd pay. Design/methodology/approach: Application of statistical non-parametric test for the qualitative analysis of significant gaps in services, suggestions for improving the quality of brokerage services at a low-level case study is presented. Statistic's tests in five areas, including service quality conceptual donor tangible form, reply to, guarantee, credit, and charity have been. For this purpose, based on service quality gaps five branches, a questionnaire measure designed level perception and expectations of investors and broker's service brokerage offices, and the navigation. Findings: Results show that donor expectations and perceptions between investor's quality service brokerage offices in all areas, there are significant differences. Brokerage Managers, the models analyze d using the service quality, will be able to create gaps between the way the service provided, i.e., investors and agents known to the agency planned to strengthen and reform pay problems. Originality/value: Servqual technique used for the first time in Iran and in particular, in Yazd province, for the assessment the service quality of brokerage offices. It certainly results in improving the quality of services these offices will be effective.

  16. Customs Brokerage Services and Trade Facilitation: A Review of Regulatory Coherence

    OpenAIRE

    Llanto, Gilberto M.; Navarro, Adoracion M.; Detros, Keith C.; Ortiz, Ma. Kristina P.

    2013-01-01

    The study looks at the rarely studied customs brokerage activity in the Philippines and its role in facilitating trade given the ongoing push to modernize customs administration. It analyzes how the customs brokerage profession is being regulated and synthesizes insights on opposing views on the importance of customs brokers in trade facilitation. The results of the study clearly point toward a declining relevance of the customs brokers` services in an environment where customs administration...

  17. A multi-agent brokerage platform for media content recommendation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veloso Bruno

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Near real time media content personalisation is nowadays a major challenge involving media content sources, distributors and viewers. This paper describes an approach to seamless recommendation, negotiation and transaction of personalised media content. It adopts an integrated view of the problem by proposing, on the business-to-business (B2B side, a brokerage platform to negotiate the media items on behalf of the media content distributors and sources, providing viewers, on the business-to-consumer (B2C side, with a personalised electronic programme guide (EPG containing the set of recommended items after negotiation. In this setup, when a viewer connects, the distributor looks up and invites sources to negotiate the contents of the viewer personal EPG. The proposed multi-agent brokerage platform is structured in four layers, modelling the registration, service agreement, partner lookup, invitation as well as item recommendation, negotiation and transaction stages of the B2B processes. The recommendation service is a rule-based switch hybrid filter, including six collaborative and two content-based filters. The rule-based system selects, at runtime, the filter(s to apply as well as the final set of recommendations to present. The filter selection is based on the data available, ranging from the history of items watched to the ratings and/or tags assigned to the items by the viewer. Additionally, this module implements (i a novel item stereotype to represent newly arrived items, (ii a standard user stereotype for new users, (iii a novel passive user tag cloud stereotype for socially passive users, and (iv a new content-based filter named the collinearity and proximity similarity (CPS. At the end of the paper, we present off-line results and a case study describing how the recommendation service works. The proposed system provides, to our knowledge, an excellent holistic solution to the problem of recommending multimedia contents.

  18. The ripple effect of personality on social structure: self-monitoring origins of network brokerage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Hongseok; Kilduff, Martin

    2008-09-01

    Despite growing interest in social network brokerage, its psychological antecedents have been neglected. One possibility is that brokerage relates to self-monitoring personality orientation. High self-monitors, relative to low self-monitors, in adapting their self-presentations to the demands of different groups, may occupy positions as brokers between disconnected social worlds. For 162 Korean expatriate entrepreneurs in a Canadian urban area, the results showed that those high in self-monitoring tended to occupy direct brokerage roles within the Korean community--in terms of their direct acquaintances being unconnected with each other. Those high in self-monitoring also tended to occupy indirect brokerage roles--in terms of the acquaintances of their acquaintances being unconnected with each other. Finally, for recent arrivals, those high in self-monitoring tended to establish ties to a wider range of important non-Korean position holders outside the community. These results (which controlled for strongly significant effects of network size on individuals' brokerage within the community) suggest a ripple effect of self-monitoring on social structure and contribute to a clearer understanding of how personality relates to brokerage at different levels.

  19. Brokerage-based value co-creation in co-optating business networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gretzinger, Susanne; Leick, Birgit

    2016-01-01

    at the center of the case analysis. Findings: Network benefits stemming from asymmetrical resource-dependency constellations such as control and brokerage opportunities may not be sufficiently recognized by firms embedded in business networks. Such benefits may accrue owing to the central, unchallengeable...... inter-firm business networks is still an under-explored topic in management practice and research. By stressing the importance of brokerage as a tool to balance trade-offs asymmetrical networks, the case study contributes to this broad discussion....

  20. University-School-Community Partnership as Vehicle for Leadership, Service, and Change: A Critical Brokerage Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopson, Rodney; Miller, Peter; Lovelace, Temple S.

    2016-01-01

    Using a critical brokerage perspective to advance theoretical insights in the development of a community university partnership and understanding of the organizational embeddedness of a community empowerment agency in Pittsburgh, PA, USA, this article suggests that partnerships between American universities and communities are perfect vehicles for…

  1. Share and succeed: the development of knowledge sharing and brokerage in data teams’ network structures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hubers, Mireille D.; Moolenaar, Nienke M.; Schildkamp, Kim; Daly, Alan J.; Handelzalts, Adam; Pieters, Jules M.

    2017-01-01

    The data team intervention was designed to support Dutch secondary schools in using data while developing a solution to an educational problem. A data team can build school-wide capacity for data use through knowledge sharing among data team members, and knowledge brokerage between the team and othe

  2. Knowledge specialization, knowledge brokerage, and the uneven growth of technology domains

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. Carnabuci; J. Bruggeman

    2009-01-01

    Why do certain domains of knowledge grow fast while others grow slowly or stagnate? Two distinct theoretical arguments hold that knowledge growth is enhanced by knowledge specialization and knowledge brokerage. Based on the notion of recombinant knowledge growth, we show that specialization and brok

  3. Brokerage services for Earth Science data: the EuroGEOSS legacy (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nativi, S.; Craglia, M.; Pearlman, J.

    2013-12-01

    Global sustainability research requires an integrated multidisciplinary effort underpinned by a collaborative environment discovering and accessing heterogeneous data across disciplines. Traditionally, interoperability has been achieved by implementing federation of systems. The federating approach entails the adoption of a set of common technologies and standards. This presentation argues that for complex (and uncontrolled) environments (such as global, multidisciplinary, and voluntary-based infrastructures) federated solutions must be completed and enhanced by a brokering approach -making available a set of brokerage services. In fact, brokerage services allows a cyber-infrastructure to lower entry barriers (for both data producers and users) and to better address the different domain specificities. The brokering interoperability approach was successfully experimented by the EuroGEOSS project, funded by the European Commission in the FP7 framework (see http://www.eurogeoss.eu). The EuroGEOSS Brokering framework provided the EuroGEOSS Capacity with multidisciplinary interoperability functionalities. This platform was developed applying several of the principles/requirements that characterize the System of Systems (SoS) approach and the Internet of Services (IoS) philosophy. The framework consists of three main brokers (middleware components implementing intermediation and harmonization services): a basic Discovery Broker, an advanced Semantic Discovery Broker, and an Access Broker. They are empowered by a suite of tools developed by the ESSI-lab of the CNR-IIA, called: GI-cat, GI-sem, and GI-axe. The EuroGEOSS brokering framework was considered and successfully adopted by cross-disciplinary initiatives (notably GEOSS: Global Earth Observation System of Systems). The brokerage services have been advanced and extended; the new brokering framework is called GEO DAB (Discovery and Access Broker). New brokerage services have been developed in the framework of other

  4. LEGAL PROTECTION FOR CUSTOMER SEGREGATED ACCOUNT OWNER FROM LOSS DUE TO THE BANKCRUPTY OF FUTURES BROKERAGE FIRM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yessy Meryantika Sari

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Commodity futures trading is a business activity that is complex and involves many parties including Client Segregated Account and Brokerage Company. This business promises huge benefits but ba-lanced with a high risk of loss. Therefore, a potential event of bankruptcy. Customer as the owner of the funds which mandated funds to the brokerage company to be managed for purposes of the transaction, should get legal protection from potential losses due to bankruptcy of futures brokerage firm. The spirit of the law in protection for customers is reflected in the preamble of le-gal norms futures trading as further elaborated in the general legal provisions stipulated in the Fu-tures Trading Act.

  5. Distributed Broker-Agent Architecture for Multimedia Communications Traversing NAT/Firewall in NGN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苟先太; 金炜东

    2004-01-01

    The forthcoming Next Generation Network (NGN) is an all IP network. Multimedia communications over IP networks are a type of bundled session communications, which cannot directly traverse Network Address Translations (NATs) and firewalls even in NGN. To solve the problem that the existing traversal methods are not suitable for service providers to set up a real system in NGN,a Distributed Broker-agent Architecture (DBA) is addressed. DBA is secure and realizable for service providers and enterprises because it is easy to set up and does not need to upgrade the existing devices like Firewalls, NATs or endpoint devices of subscribers.DBA is composed of two-layer distributed agents, the server proxies and the client agents, in which all multimedia communications use shared tunnels to carry signaling messages and media data between broker-agents, and the call signaling is encrypted over Security Socket Layer (SSL) to guarantee the security of calling. Moreover, the function model and multiplexed connection messages format of DBA are designed, which lays a basis for the protocol in the future NGN. In addition, a simple implementation based on H.323 verifyies the main function of traversing firewalls and NATs.

  6. The integration of stock exchanges: The case of the Latin American Integrated Market (MILA and its impact on ownership and internationalization status in Colombian brokerage firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Yepes-Rios

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the changes in ownership and internationalization of the brokerage firms in Colombia as a result of the regional integration process of its stock exchange market through the Latin American Integrated Market (MILA. It proposes that the integration of stock exchanges generated transformations within the brokerage sector, and affected companies in response pursue different strategies to remain competitive in the current state of affairs. In the case of Colombia, stock exchange integration through MILA has resulted into mergers between local brokerage firms, acquisitions from both national and international companies and changes in ownership.

  7. 保险经纪同业对标发展研究%Research on Insurance Brokerage Industry Benchmarking Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋庆松; 白荣霞

    2011-01-01

    国内的保险经纪业属于新兴行业,本文从分析保险经纪业在保险市场中的定位、业务结构、业务规模状况入手,并针对目前国内保险经纪发展较好的长安保险经纪、江泰保险经纪有限公司,作者从公司概况、业务收入与利润、业务种类及服务行业、业务机制等进行了着重研究,并与竞盛保险经纪股份有限公司现状进行对标分析,明确自身与业界最佳的差距,从而提出了适合竞盛的具有战略性发展意义的发展建议。%The insurance brokerage belongs to emerging industries In Domestic,the author analyzes the location of insurance brokerage industry、business scale、business structure in insurance market.The paper starts from domestic developing better Changan insurance brokerage company、JiangTai insurance brokerage company.And the author contrastive analyzes the company profiles、business revenue and profit、business types and service industry,business mechanism in five major aspects and bowls between JingSheng insurance brokerage,clears out the gap between itself and the same trade,then puts forward the JingShen's development Suggestions stratigicly.

  8. Gender and Power Dynamics in Transnational Marriage Brokerage: The Ban on Commercial Matchmaking in Taiwan Reconsidered

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsun-Hui Tseng

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Taiwan attracted a considerable number of marriage migrants from Southeast Asia and China through brokers in the late 1990s and early 2000s. With widely circulated, sensational news stories about foreign spouses being abused and advertisements of foreign brides as objects for sale, women involved in the business were gradually seen by the public as victims of transnational marriage brokerage. Under pressure from some women’s groups in Taiwan and the anti-trafficking campaign in the international community, the Taiwanese government eventually banned transnational commercial matchmaking in 2008. This article examines the gender politics behind the ban by reviewing the debate over this policy. It also provides an ethnographic study of women’s power relationships with other parties involved in the marriage business. By exposing the market and cultural logic that made this business blossom, this article challenges the binaries of perpetrator/victim and exploitation/freedom in the dominant representations of the transnational marriage market. It calls for a transnational and transclass perspective to understand these women’s “active submission” to the market and concludes that, without this consideration, the enforcement of the 2008 ban ends up serving only to save the international reputation of the host country and fulfill the liberal middle-class imaginary of moral order of the host society, rather than solving women’s problems per se.

  9. Study on the roles and acting mechanism of the real estate brokerage in China second-hand housing market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Ying; LIU Hong-yu; LIU Lin

    2006-01-01

    As China housing reform deepens, the second-hand housing transactions become more and more popular and real estate brokerages, as an intermediary of the transactions, become an undeniable important part of this market. This article mainly explores the roles and the acting mechanism of real estate brokerages in the second-hand housing market. The results show that the participation of real estate brokers in the second-hand housing market may have positive and negative influences. On one side, brokers ease the housing transaction process and benefits buyers and sellers by shortening the sale time on the market. On the other side, if brokers are the only participants in the housing transaction, acting as buyer and seller like some firms do, housing prices will increase and this negative effect will become even stronger as the participation of many more brokers increases. Therefore, the regulation and management of the industry is vital for the long and healthy development of the housing market in China.

  10. Study on Consumers' Initial Trust in Mobile Brokerage Service%移动证券用户的初始信任模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林家宝; 鲁耀斌

    2011-01-01

    Lack of trust is a prominent hindrance to consumer adoption of mobile brokerage service.In order to guide brokerage firms to make a set of manageable strategies to build such trust and attract greater acceptance,it is important to identify the determinants of consumers' initial trust formation of mobile brokerage service.This study builds a comprehensive model of initial consumer trust in mobile brokerage service and considers the effects of seven antecedent variables(perceived ubiquity,information quality,compatibility,perceived reputation,perceived size,structural assurance and disposition to trust) on shaping a consumer's initial trust in mobile brokerage service.We test the proposed model through a questionnaire survey and use structural equation modeling techniques to analyze the causalities.The results indicate that the initial trust is mainly affected by perceived ubiquity,information quality,compatibility,structural assurance and disposition to trust.The findings provide useful suggestions and implications for the academician and practitioners.%缺乏对移动证券的信任是影响股民采纳的一个主要障碍,探讨移动证券初始信任的决定因素,对于指导业界制定合理的策略建立信任、吸引更多股民的采纳具有重要意义。本研究构建了一个初始信任的综合模型,分析了七个前因变量(无所不在、信息质量、兼容性、感知的声誉、感知的大小、结构保证和信任倾向)对移动证券的初始信任的影响。采用结构方程技术对模型进行了实证检验和分析。研究发现,股民对移动证券的初始信任主要受信息质量、无所不在、兼容性、结构保证和信任倾向的影响。最后提出了对策建议以及进一步研究的方向。

  11. What Makes Underwriting and Non-Underwriting Clients of Brokerage Firms Receive Different Recommendations? An Application of Uplift Random Forest Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaowen Hua

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available I explore company characteristics which explain the difference in analysts’ recommendations for companies that were underwritten (affiliated versus non-underwritten (unaffiliated by analysts’ brokerage firms. Prior literature documents that analysts issue more optimistic recommendations to underwriting clients of analysts’ brokerage employers. Extant research uses regression models to find general associations between recommendations and financial qualities of companies, with or without underwriting relationship. However, regression models cannot identify the qualities that cause the most difference in recommendations between affiliated versus unaffiliated companies. I adopt uplift random forest model, a popular technique in recent marketing and healthcare research, to identify the type of companies that earn analysts’ favor. I find that companies of stable earnings in the past, higher book-to-market ratio, smaller sizes, worsened earnings, and lower forward PE ratio are likely to receive higher recommendations if  they are affiliated with analysts than if they are unaffiliated with analysts. With uplift random forest model, I show that analysts pay more attention on price-related than earnings-related matrices when they value affiliated versus unaffiliated companies. This paper contributes to the literature by introducing an effective predictive model to capital market research and shedding additional light on the usefulness of analysts’ reports.

  12. Metropolis, cosmopolitanism and brokerage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Velho

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with some issues concerning the relations between metropolitan life and cosmopolitanism. It brings historical examples and examines contemporary situations, exploring recent changes in world life. It also deals with the themes of social-cultural complexity, heterogeneity, mediation, multiculturalism and their implications for different life styles. One of its main concerns, especially focused on urban life, is the general question of social interaction and sociability as a basic phenomenon of social and historical processes.

  13. Feasibility Study on Agency and Brokerage Business of Large Commercial Banks%大型商业银行开展票据代理经纪业务的可行性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦琳; 王甜

    2015-01-01

    Developing Intermediate businesses such as Agent service and brokerage business is the direction of innovation of large commercial banks to deal with financial disintermediation, interest rate marketization and to strengthen the comprehensive service functions of bills. This paper expounds the connotation and significance of the agency business and brokerage business, discusses the target customers, the operation path and potential risks of the agency business and brokerage business, and puts forward some suggestions on the internal control system.%发展代理业务、经纪业务等中间业务是大型商业银行应对金融脱媒、利率市场化及强化票据综合服务职能的创新方向. 本文阐述了代理业务和经纪业务的内涵与意义,探讨了大型商业银行开展代理业务和经纪业务的目标客户、运作路径以及潜在风险,并提出了内控制度方面的建议.

  14. Knowledge Brokerage for Impact Assessment of Land Use Scenarios in Inner Mongolia, China: Extending and Testing the FoPIA Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannes J. König

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available While land serves numerous societal functions and contributes to sustainable development, it is often unclear how these functions are affected by political decisions and common drivers of land use change, such as economic development, climate change and demographic change. This study evaluates alternative land use scenarios in reference to a rural region of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (China, where various processes and decisions have historically triggered unsustainable development. The scientifically tested “Framework for Participatory Impact Assessment (FoPIA” method is developed further to address specific features of the case study region, and its function as a knowledge-brokerage (KB tool is evaluated. Three scenarios are developed and analysed in expert workshops. “Land intensification: Agriculture” and “Land intensification: Mining” scenarios are found to have mainly negative environmental and social effects and positive economic impacts, while the “Environmental conservation and tourism” scenario is found to more positively affect all three sustainability dimensions. Assessments of methodological phases show that the FoPIA primarily serves to establish the KB process and that the framework particularly benefits from early examinations of scientific results by policy makers.

  15. 基于MLS的药学技术经纪信息体系建立研究%Study on China pharmaceutical technology brokerage information system based on Multiple Listing System(MLS)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹亮; 吴晓明

    2011-01-01

    It's very important to estahlish the information system for China pharmaceutical technology brokerage. This paper discusses the construction idea of it based on the theories of Multiple Listing System (MLS) and transaction costs. After analyzing the positive effects on integration of personnel and information, standardization of management and protection of interests, the construction mode and method is presented. There are also some constructive suggestions on the establishment of management method, trading operation, structure layout, interface layout and optimized measures. It is of vital realistic significances to the establishment and development of China pharmaceutical technology brokerage.%信息系统的建立,对于我国药学技术经纪行业的发展至关重要.本文在借鉴房地产MLS(多重上市服务系统)系统的基础上,引入交易成本等理论,研究了我国药学技术经纪信息系统的构建思路.分析了该系统对于整合人员、信息,规范管理,保障权益等积极作用后,提出了构建思路和构建模式,对该系统的管理方式、交易运作、结构布局、界面设置以及优化措施等提出了建设性建议,对于日后我国药学技术经纪行业整体管理体系的建立与发展具有现实意义.

  16. Quality Management and Information Brokerage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Halm, Johan

    1995-01-01

    To compete effectively, information brokers need to adopt management and marketing tools; Total Quality Management can upgrade an organization's performance by using customer feedback of its services. SERVQUAL identifies gaps in service by assessing quality expectations versus quality experiences. (AEF)

  17. Study on Brokerage Behavior Selection of Third Party in Technology Innovation Network---Based on Structural Balance T heory%技术创新网络第三方经纪行为选择--结构平衡理论视角的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    党兴华; 成泷

    2016-01-01

    Structure balance is the important precondition for stable technology innovation network ,the third party has an important role in driving the inter -organization relationship of from unbalance to balance .this paper based on the struc‐ture balance theory ,used brokerage remuneration ,effects of structural holes and coordination cost to consideration for the otivation of brokerage behavior ,and reflect the coordinated ability hrough the knowledge power ,research for the broker‐age behavior choice of third party in unbalance triad structure .For a third party in different position ,we explore two as‐pects of the brokerage behavior :tertius gaudens and tertius iungens .Our findings show that ,knowledge power has a deci‐sive role for a third party to choice tertius gaudens behavior ,when the third party does not have the knowledge power ,the effects of motivation on behavior choice are more obvious .%结构平衡是维持技术创新网络稳定的重要前提,第三方在组织关系由非平衡转向平衡的动态过程中具有积极推动作用。在结构平衡理论的基础上,从经纪报酬、结构洞效应和协调成本等方面考虑经纪行为选择动机,并通过知识权力反映第三方协调能力,对第三方在非平衡三元结构中的经纪行为选择进行了研究。针对处于不同位置的第三方,其经纪行为主要包括两个方面:分而治之和协同促进。结果表明,知识权力对第三方协同促进经纪行为选择具有决定性作用,当第三方不具备知识权力时,动机对行为选择的影响尤为明显。

  18. Indicator Policy Factsheets: A Knowledge Brokerage Tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomáš Hák

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The concepts of sustainable development, quality of life, wellbeing, green growth, etc., and their assessment by various kinds of indicators (within the “Beyond GDP”, or later known as the “GDP and Beyond” movement have become important features of the professional life of many researchers, administrators and even policy makers. The underlying concepts, as well as the indicators are very broad, are often closely linked or overlapping and are in a continuous process of development. Information about them is primarily available in a scientific form—hypotheses, models, scenarios and figures—seldom comprehensible for a broad spectrum of final users. Some recent surveys show that the proliferation of indicators and the complexity (and complicatedness of the underlying concepts impede the willingness of policy makers to use them. One of the most viable and effective ways to overcome this barrier is to provide users with accurately targeted information about particular indicators. The article introduces “indicator policy factsheets” complementing the already developed and routinely used “indicator methodology sheets”; indicator policy factsheets contain specific and easy-to-obtain information supporting instrumental, conceptual and symbolic use of indicators.

  19. Cloud Service Brokerage 2013 - Methods and Mechanisms

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    In the future, the Cloud will evolve into a rich ecosystem of service providers and consumers, each building upon the offerings of others. Cloud service brokers will play an important role, mediating between providers and consumers. As well as providing vertical integration and value-added aggregation of services, brokers will play an increased role in continuous quality assurance and optimization. This may range from setting common standards for service specification, providing mechanisms fo...

  20. International Business Models Developed Through Brokerage Knowledge and Value Creation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nicolaj Hannesbo; Rasmussen, Erik Stavnsager

    This paper highlights theoretically and empirically international business model decisions in networks with knowledge sharing and value creation. The paper expands the conceptual in-ternational business model framework for technology-oriented companies to include the focal firm’s network role...

  1. D6.3 – Energy brokerage module

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Per Printz

    The aim of this task is to develop an energy trading module that will enable building to sell or buy electrical energy from other buildings in given campus, neighbourhood, or district. The decision making process will be supported by considering own generation capacity (both current and future...

  2. Learning from Others, Together: Brokerage, Closure and Team Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Uribe, Jose; Wang, Dan

    2014-01-01

    Scholarship on teams has focused on the relationship between a team's performance, however defined, and the network structure among team members. For example, Uzzi and Spiro (2005) find that the creative performance of Broadway musical teams depends heavily on the internal cohesion of team members and their past collaborative experience with individuals outside their immediate teams. In other words, team members' internal cohesion and external ties are crucial to the team's success. How, then...

  3. Real Estate Course Outlines--Principles, Appraisal, Finance, Law, Math, Property Management, Investments, Marketing, Brokerage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    This series of course outlines was developed by the Texas Real Estate Research Center to help instructors in developing courses in compliance with the Texas Real Estate License Act Section 7(a). The outlines are general in nature and designed to serve as the basis for the development of a comprehensive course outline based on the texts and…

  4. Brokerage by a Project Manager across a New Product Development Project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Lisbeth Brøde; Jepsen, Anna Lund; Dietrich, Perttu

    2012-01-01

    that the PM creates in the concept development phase, in fact are created at a later point in time; in the solution development phase. The study is longitudinal and relies on actual communication regarding a project in which communication has taken place primarily on email. Only few studies in this area do......Researchers have suggested that in order to support collaborations across organizational borders in new product development (NPD) projects, companies need to generate, integrate, and coordinate the knowledge of different departments in the organization. This requires support of the communication...... suppliers and customers, but also directly between the external stakeholders, primarily customers and suppliers. Project managers (PMs) are at the core of this process as they can link the various stakeholders of the NPD project and thereby facilitate the knowledge communication between these stakeholders...

  5. 24 CFR 100.90 - Discrimination in the provision of brokerage services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... participation, because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin. (b... to or membership in a multiple listing service because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap... brokers' organization because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national...

  6. 17 CFR 270.17e-1 - Brokerage transactions on a securities exchange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... other remuneration shall be deemed as not exceeding the usual and customary broker's commission, if: (a) The commission, fee, or other remuneration received or to be received is reasonable and fair compared to the commission, fee or other remuneration received by other brokers in connection with...

  7. 78 FR 51177 - Notice of Intent To Grant Partially Exclusive Patent License; ICAP Patent Brokerage, LLC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... No. 6,384,953: Micro-Dynamic Optical Device.//U.S. Patent No. 6,433,465: Energy- Harvesting Device... September 4, 2013. ADDRESSES: Written objections are to be filed with the Office of Research and Technology... Technology Applications, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific, Code 72120, 53560 Hull St, Bldg...

  8. Aboriginal Education as Cultural Brokerage: New Aboriginal Teachers Reflect on Language and Culture in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitchen, Julian; Cherubini, Lorenzo; Trudeau, Lyn; Hodson, Janie M.

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports on a Talking Circle of six beginning Aboriginal teachers who discussed their roles as teachers. Participants criticized teacher education programs for not preparing them to teach in ways that are respectful of Aboriginal languages and culture. They discussed the importance of coming to know themselves and their culture. The…

  9. APPROACH AND EVALUATION OF A MOBILE VIDEO-BASED AND LOCATION-BASED AUGMENTED REALITY PLATFORM FOR INFORMATION BROKERAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Dastageeri

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Providing mobile location-based information for pedestrians faces many challenges. On one hand the accuracy of localisation indoors and outdoors is restricted due to technical limitations of GPS and Beacons. Then again only a small display is available to display information as well as to develop a user interface. Plus, the software solution has to consider the hardware characteristics of mobile devices during the implementation process for aiming a performance with minimum latency. This paper describes our approach by including a combination of image tracking and GPS or Beacons to ensure orientation and precision of localisation. To communicate the information on Points of Interest (POIs, we decided to choose Augmented Reality (AR. For this concept of operations, we used besides the display also the acceleration and positions sensors as a user interface. This paper especially goes into detail on the optimization of the image tracking algorithms, the development of the video-based AR player for the Android platform and the evaluation of videos as an AR element in consideration of providing a good user experience. For setting up content for the POIs or even generate a tour we used and extended the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC standard Augmented Reality Markup Language (ARML.

  10. Knowledge Brokerage for Environmentally Sustainable Sanitation. Position Paper and Guidelines from the EU-FP7 BESSE project.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    BESSE, Project team; Bijker, W.E.; Caiati, Giovanni; d'Andrea, Luciano

    2012-01-01

    The EU-funded BESSE project explores how sanitation in Europe can be made more sustainable. European sanitation is still based on 19th and early 20th century technologies and management systems. These systems do not adequately respond to the sustainable development needs of the 21st century, such as

  11. Approach and Evaluation of a Mobile Video-Based and Location-Based Augmented Reality Platform for Information Brokerage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dastageeri, H.; Storz, M.; Koukofikis, A.; Knauth, S.; Coors, V.

    2016-09-01

    Providing mobile location-based information for pedestrians faces many challenges. On one hand the accuracy of localisation indoors and outdoors is restricted due to technical limitations of GPS and Beacons. Then again only a small display is available to display information as well as to develop a user interface. Plus, the software solution has to consider the hardware characteristics of mobile devices during the implementation process for aiming a performance with minimum latency. This paper describes our approach by including a combination of image tracking and GPS or Beacons to ensure orientation and precision of localisation. To communicate the information on Points of Interest (POIs), we decided to choose Augmented Reality (AR). For this concept of operations, we used besides the display also the acceleration and positions sensors as a user interface. This paper especially goes into detail on the optimization of the image tracking algorithms, the development of the video-based AR player for the Android platform and the evaluation of videos as an AR element in consideration of providing a good user experience. For setting up content for the POIs or even generate a tour we used and extended the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard Augmented Reality Markup Language (ARML).

  12. Beyond knowledge brokerage: an exploratory study of innovation intermediaries in an evolving smallholder agricultural system in Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kilelu, C.W.; Klerkx, L.W.A.; Leeuwis, C.; Hall, A.

    2011-01-01

    The recognition that innovation occurs in networks of heterogeneous actors and requires broad systemic support beyond knowledge brokering has resulted in a changing landscape of the intermediary domain in an increasingly market-driven agricultural sector in developing countries. This paper presents

  13. 基于搜寻行为的经纪中介内生分工研究%Endogenous Specification of Brokerage Based on its Search Behaviour

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘准; 陈人舰

    2005-01-01

    经纪中介是一类以搜寻为立足点,搓合交易顺利进行的经济组织.理论研究中一直忽视对经纪中介产生过程的分析,本文从其搜寻行为出发,在给予参与者选择成为中介或买卖者的自由的假设下,发展了一个解释经纪中介内生分工的模型.分析表明,在保证一定的参与者选择中介比例的情况下,一个有利于增进社会福利的内生分工是稳定存在的.

  14. The Development of Brokerage Business of Securities Company%浅谈证券营业部经纪业务的开展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施衡

    2012-01-01

    经纪业务是证券公司最基本的业务,有效开展经纪业务,开发和维护目标客户群体,是开展其他业务的基础.文章从证券公司一线部门——营业部的角度阐述了经纪业务的重要性和如何开展金融服务产品销售的基本策略.

  15. 基于电子经纪平台的B2B电子采购模式研究%Study on B2B E-procurement Model Based on Electronic Brokerage Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡海波

    2008-01-01

    电子采购作为一种新兴的电子化商业模式已经逐渐被众多企业所接受,阐述了基于电子经纪的B2B电子采购的必要性、可行性,分析了基于电子经纪的B2B电子采购市场模型,探讨了B2B电子采购链集成及其在企业中的应用.

  16. Solution of Online Consultant System for Stock Brokerage Based on Specialty Search Techniques%基于专业搜索技术的在线证券咨询服务系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章森; 王伟

    2007-01-01

    基于专业搜索技术以及证券行业积累起来的大量数据资料给出了一个用于证券行业的在线咨询服务系统解决方案,讨论了在线证券咨询服务系统的总体架构设计,动态信息和静态信息的获取与分类,个人咨询任务管理模块提供的主要功能,基于语义处理的智能化处理技术等.基于该方案实现的在线证券咨询服务系统e-Consultant已经在多家证券公司内部运行,反映良好.

  17. 78 FR 37409 - Small Business Size Standards: Finance and Insurance and Management of Companies and Enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-20

    ... Securities Dealing........ $7.0 $35.5. 523120 Securities Brokerage $7.0 $35.5. 523130 Commodity Contracts...'', ``522390'', ``523110'', ``523120'', ``523130'', ``523140'', ``523210'', ``523910'', ``523920'', ] ``523930....5 Dealing. 523120 Securities Brokerage $35.5 523130 Commodity Contracts Dealing $35.5...

  18. Recruiting Young Volunteers in an Area of Selective Education: A Qualitative Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, Jon

    2016-01-01

    This article presents findings from a small qualitative case study of a youth volunteering brokerage organisation in England, operating in an area of selective state education. Data show how brokerage workers felt grammar schools managed their students in a concerted way to improve students' chances of attending university. Conversely, workers…

  19. 24 CFR 110.25 - Description of posters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... CHILDREN), OR NATIONAL ORIGIN • In the sale or rental of housing or residential lots. • In advertising the... provision of real estate brokerage services. • Blockbusting is also illegal. Anyone who feels he or she...

  20. 76 FR 47540 - Polyethylene Terephthalate Film, Sheet, and Strip From Taiwan: Preliminary Results of Antidumping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-05

    ...)(2)(A) of the Act: Domestic inland freight from plant to port of exportation, brokerage and handling... Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Static Random Access Memory Semiconductors From Taiwan, 63...

  1. GAIA Service and Standard Assessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dormann, Claire; Øst, Alexander Gorm

    A delivery from the ACTS-project GAIA. The report validates the gAIA architecture and standard. It provides results concerning the deployment of distributed brokerage systems over broadband networks....

  2. The European Commission as Network Broker

    OpenAIRE

    Susana Borrás

    2007-01-01

    Recent transformations in the European Union have been putting significant pressure on the management function of the European Commission. Examining its brokerage position in policy networks, this article asks what kind of role does the Commission have in the political interactions in Brussels after the year 2000. Developing a conceptual framework about brokerage roles in EU policy, the article uses a combination of quantitative and qualitative data in an empirical analysis of two very differ...

  3. Market Value Estimation Models for Marine Surface Vessels with the Use of Multiple Regression Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-01

    which should be used when quantifying "value." Some common alternative measures may include terms such as book value, net realizable value , cur- rent...brokerage fee) [Ref. 1: p. 9-6]. Depending on whether or not there 15 are any preparation or brokerage costs, the net realizable value may be equivalent...of petroleum-carrying vessels to the realizable value of their scrap steel. For example, the Motor Vessel EXXON FLORENCE was recently sold in Taiwan

  4. Analisis Kualitas Jasa dan Hubungannya dengan Kepuasan Nasabah pada Jasa Broker Online di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sembiring, Odelio Denny Pranata

    2012-01-01

    Brokerage firms have increasingly provided online services in Indonesia. This contributes to the large number of online customers in Indonesia. This research attempted to evaluate the quality of online brokerage services in Indonesia in general and to know their influence on the customers’ satisfaction so that it could be found out the evidence the service quality and the growth in numbers of customers (quantity). The research was explanatory and was aimed to analyze the influence of the qual...

  5. Research on the Application of"Authentic Student Assess-ment" in Task-oriented Curriculum:Exemplified by the Course of "Real Estate Brokerage Practice"%“真实性学生评价”在任务引领型课程中的应用研究--以房地产经纪实务课程为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄常运; 彭玉蓉

    2014-01-01

    “真实性学生评价”与传统性学生评价在评价目的、评价内容、评价标准、评价过程等方面存在着一定的差异,在评价功能日益重要的基础上,通过对现行学生评价方法和真实性学生评价方法的比较,对“真实性学生评价”的概念进行完整地阐述;通过对任务引领型课程和“真实性学生评价”之间的契合关系,提出任务引领型课程的评价方式的选用;通过在任务引领型课程中对真实性学生评价方式的应用及阐述,明确真实性学生评价的实践价值和深层意义。%There are some differences between"authentic student assessment" and traditional student assessment in assessment objective, assessment content, assessment standard and assess-ment process. Based on the increasingly important assessment functions, through the comparison between the current student assessment and"authentic student assessment", this paper makes a complete interpretation on the connotation of authentic student assessment. Through the interrelation between task-oriented cu-rriculum and authentic student assessment, this paper proposes the selection of assessment methods in task-oriented curriculum. Through the application and interpretation of"authentic student assessment"in task-oriented curriculum, the practical value and further significance of authentic student assessment are made clear.

  6. Brokering the Research-Practice Gap: A typology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neal, Jennifer Watling; Neal, Zachary P; Kornbluh, Mariah; Mills, Kristen J; Lawlor, Jennifer A

    2015-12-01

    Despite widespread recognition of a research-practice gap in multiple service sectors, less is known about how pre-existing communication channels facilitate the flow of information between researchers and practitioners. In the current study, we applied an existing typology of brokerage developed by Gould and Fernandez (Sociol Methodol 19:89-126, 1989) to examine what types of brokerage facilitate information spread between researchers and educational practitioners. Specifically, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 19 school administrators and staff in two public school districts regarding their experiences searching for information about instructional, health, and social skills programs. Using deductive content analysis, we found evidence of all five types of brokerage identified by Gould and Fernandez (1989). However, only three types of brokerage-gatekeepers, representatives, and liaisons-were involved in the flow of information between school administrators and researchers. Moreover, information transfer often occurred in longer chains that involved multiple, distinct types of brokerage. We conclude with the broad implications of our findings for narrowing the research-practice gap by improving researchers' dissemination efforts and practitioners' search for information.

  7. Bemiddeling op de Nederlandse vrijwilligersmarkt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Els van Gilst

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Volunteer brokerage in the Netherlands The Dutch volunteer market can be characterized as tight. Many volunteer-involving organizations, particularly in the healthcare sector, face a shortage of volunteers. Brokerage is one (of many option(s to find new volunteers. This article describes, based on a literature review, what brokerage means, by whom or where it is offered and the importance it has as a recruitment channel. The authors explicitly address proven success factors for brokerage and the potential impact of brokerage on the preservation of volunteers. Bemiddeling op de Nederlandse vrijwilligersmarkt De Nederlandse vrijwilligersmarkt kan worden getypeerd als krap. Veel vrijwilligersorganisaties, met name in de zorgsector, kampen met een tekort aan vrijwilligers. Bemiddeling is één (van vele optie(s om nieuwe vrijwilligers te vinden. In dit artikel wordt, op basis van een literatuurstudie, beschreven wat bemiddeling inhoudt, door wie of waar het wordt geboden en welk belang het heeft als wervingskanaal. Expliciet wordt ingegaan op aangetoonde succesfactoren voor bemiddeling en de mogelijke impact van bemiddeling op het behoud van vrijwilligers.

  8. Social cohesion, structural holes, and a tale of two measures

    CERN Document Server

    Latora, Vito; Panzarasa, Pietro

    2012-01-01

    In the social sciences, the debate over the structural foundations of social capital has long vacillated between two positions on the relative benefits associated with two types of social structures: closed structures, rich in third-party relationships; and open structures, rich in structural holes and brokerage opportunities. In this paper, we engage with this debate by focusing on the measures typically used for formalising the two conceptions of social capital: clustering and effective size. We show that these two measures are simply two sides of the same coin, as they can be expressed one in terms of the other through a simple functional relation. Building on this relation, we then attempt to reconcile closed and open structures by proposing a new measure, Simmelian brokerage, that captures opportunities of brokerage between otherwise disconnected cohesive groups of contacts. Implications of our findings for research on social capital and complex networks are discussed.

  9. Social Cohesion, Structural Holes, and a Tale of Two Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latora, V.; Nicosia, V.; Panzarasa, P.

    2013-05-01

    In the social sciences, the debate over the structural foundations of social capital has long vacillated between two positions on the relative benefits associated with two types of social structures: closed structures, rich in third-party relationships, and open structures, rich in structural holes and brokerage opportunities. In this paper, we engage with this debate by focusing on the measures typically used for formalising the two conceptions of social capital: clustering and effective size. We show that these two measures are simply two sides of the same coin, as they can be expressed one in terms of the other through a simple functional relation. Building on this relation, we then attempt to reconcile closed and open structures by proposing a new measure, Simmelian brokerage, that captures opportunities of brokerage between otherwise disconnected cohesive groups of contacts. Implications of our findings for research on social capital and complex networks are discussed.

  10. 76 FR 46959 - Large Trader Reporting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    .... Monitoring VI. Consideration of Burden on Competition, and Promotion of Efficiency, Competition, and Capital..., 2010, the prices of many U.S.-based equity products experienced an extraordinarily rapid decline and... brokerage identifiers,\\21\\ average price account identifiers,\\22\\ and depository institution identifiers...

  11. The Effectiveness of Web-Based Foreign Exchange Trading Simulation in an International Finance Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Chen-Huei; Liu, Hao-Chen

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to study if trading simulation is an effective tool to increase students' knowledge of the foreign exchange market. We developed a real-time multiuser web-based trading system that replicates an electronic brokerage foreign exchange market. To assess the effectiveness of the program, we conducted surveys in three…

  12. Real Estate Education in Community Colleges: The Texas Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    The paper describes courses and enrollments for the 43 Texas community colleges offering real estate courses during the 1973-74 school year. The most frequently offered courses were principles, appraisal, finance, law, practice, and brokerage. Results of questionnaire surveys of the 43 community colleges indicate a larger part-time enrollment by…

  13. 47 CFR 73.860 - Cross-ownership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... agreement of any type, including a time brokerage or management agreement, with either a full power... which the party also holds an interest unless such party is a college or university that can certify that the existing broadcast radio station is not student run. This exception applies only to...

  14. 77 FR 76148 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... public sources, or on- line information services such as Bloomberg or Reuters. Additional information... public sources, or on-line information services. The Fund may hold, in the aggregate, up to 15% of its... finance, consumer finance, specialized finance, investment banking and brokerage, asset management...

  15. 17 CFR 270.31a-1 - Records to be maintained by registered investment companies, certain majority-owned subsidiaries...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... charters, certificates of incorporation or trust agreements, and by-laws, and minute books of stockholders... advisory board or advisory committee meetings. (5) A record of each brokerage order given by or in behalf... of services or benefits by brokers or dealers to the investment company, its investment adviser...

  16. The Real Cost of Linking Homeless Young People to Employment, Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broadbent, Robyn

    2008-01-01

    This article explores the implementation of the Victorian Youth Employment, Education and Training Initiative (YEETI). This statewide initiative delivered brokerage funds to homeless young people through their housing advocates. One of the findings of the project was that the main barrier to young people achieving a stable continuum in their lives…

  17. 75 FR 47738 - Acknowledgment Letters for Customer Funds and Secured Amount Funds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-09

    ... purposes, including the payment of premiums to option grantors, commissions, brokerage, interest, taxes... accounted for and segregated on your books from our own Funds and all other accounts maintained by us in... maintained therein are in conformity with the Act and CFTC regulations without any further inquiry, and...

  18. 19 CFR 111.13 - Written examination for individual license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS BROKERS Procedure To Obtain License or Permit § 111.13 Written examination... broker. A special written examination for an individual may also be authorized by Customs if a brokerage... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Written examination for individual license....

  19. 17 CFR 247.721 - Defined terms relating to the trust and fiduciary activities exception from the definition of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... advertise— (i) That the bank provides securities brokerage services for trust or fiduciary accounts except as part of advertising the bank's broader trust or fiduciary services; and (ii) The securities... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Defined terms relating to...

  20. The European Commission as Network Broker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borras, Susana

    2007-01-01

    after the year 2000. Developing a conceptual framework about brokerage roles in EU policy, the article uses a combination of quantitative and qualitative data in an empirical analysis of two very different cases where the Commission has been embattled the past years. The article argues that previous...

  1. Uncovering document fraud in maritime freight transport based on probabilistic classification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Triepels, Ron; Feelders, A. F.; Daniels, Hennie

    2015-01-01

    Deficient visibility in global supply chains causes significant risks for the customs brokerage practices of freight forwarders. One of the risks that freight forwarders face is that shipping documentation might contain document fraud and is used to declare a shipment. Traditional risk controls are

  2. 47 CFR 73.3526 - Local public inspection file of commercial stations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... application to which it refers). (14) Radio and television time brokerage agreements. For commercial radio and... which the statement applies. (16) Radio and television joint sales agreements. For commercial radio and... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Local public inspection file of...

  3. 12 CFR 225.145 - Limitations established by the Competitive Equality Banking Act of 1987 on the activities and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... established in Dimension. Under this test, a commercial loan would not include, for example, an open-market... brokerage investment advisory services, underwriting or dealing in government securities as permissible for... result of market or technological innovation are similarly permitted to the extent that they do...

  4. 75 FR 80458 - Fresh Garlic from the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Results of, Partial Rescission of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-22

    ... movement expenses (e.g. foreign inland freight, international freight, brokerage and handling, marine... packing material inputs using weighted-average unit import values derived from the Monthly Statistics of... April 2009 data on the following Web site: http://www.infobanc.com/logistics/logtruck.htm ....

  5. Brokering Educational Opportunity for Homeless Students and Their Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Peter M.; Pavlakis, Alexandra; Samartino, Lea; Bourgeois, Alexis

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative study in a Midwestern US city examines how school and community-based organizations support homeless students' connections to education-related resources and relationships. Drawing from organizational brokerage theory, which delineates how individuals' chances to thrive are shaped by the organizations in which they participate,…

  6. 42 CFR 440.170 - Any other medical care or remedial care recognized under State law and specified by the Secretary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... referrals and conflicts of interest described at § 440.170(a)(4)(ii), and provides for the broker to be... to support the following: (1) Transportation is provided in a rural area, as defined at § 412.62(f... broker maintains an accounting system such that all funds allocated to the Medicaid brokerage program...

  7. 19 CFR 10.305 - Value content requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... only that portion of the interest allocated to the production area is counted toward the value-content..., mortgage interest, depreciation on buildings, property insurance premiums, maintenance, taxes and the cost..., marketing, accounting and legal services, and insurance; (ii) Brokerage charges relating to the...

  8. 5 CFR 7501.105 - Outside employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....105 Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SUPPLEMENTAL STANDARDS OF ETHICAL CONDUCT FOR EMPLOYEES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT § 7501.105 Outside... including but not limited to real estate brokerage, management and sales, architecture,...

  9. 78 FR 65393 - Ameritas Life Insurance Corp., et al; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... with situations in which a holder's only choice would be to continue an investment in an unsuitable... legal, accounting, transactional, and other fees and expenses, including brokerage commissions, will be... with the protection of Contract owners and the purposes fairly intended by the policy and provisions...

  10. Uncovering Document Fraud in Maritime Freight Transport Based on Probabilistic Classification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Triepels, Ron; Feelders, A.J.; Daniels, Hennie

    2015-01-01

    Deficient visibility in global supply chains causes significant risks for the customs brokerage practices of freight forwarders. One of the risks that freight forwarders face is that shipping documentation might contain document fraud and is used to declare a shipment. Traditional risk controls are

  11. 26 CFR 31.3406(d)-3 - Special 30-day rules for certain reportable payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... paragraph (a) if, at the beginning of the 90-day grace period, certain conditions are satisfied. If the... account. (b) Sale of an instrument for a customer by electronic transmission or by mail. The special rules...(b)(3)-2) through a post-1983 brokerage account (as described in § 31.3406(d)-1(c)(2)) for a...

  12. The problem of margin calculation and its reduction via the p-median problem model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goldengorin, B.; Krushynskyi, D.; Kuzmenko, V.; Mastorakis, NE; Demiralp, M; Mladenov,; Bojkovic, Z

    2009-01-01

    The paper deals with a model for calculation of the regulatory margin on brokerage accounts. The model is based on the p-Median problem (PMP) that is known to be NP-hard. We use a pseudo-Boolean representation of the PMP and propose several problem size reduction and preprocessing techniques. Our co

  13. A Financial Marriage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LAN XINZHEN

    2010-01-01

    @@ Love is in the air as financial church bells ring,ushering in a bonding between CITIC Securities Co.Ltd.land Crédit Agricole S.A.(CASA).The Chinese company and the French bank are planning to establish a global investment bank and strategic brokerage alliance,said a memorandum of understanding signed by the two sides on May 3.

  14. 5 CFR 2634.301 - Interests in property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... separately. Note that for Individual Retirement Accounts (IRA's), brokerage accounts, trusts, mutual or... production of income. Example 3. A reporting individual has investments which her broker holds as an IRA and... extensive holdings. Note that for a mutual fund held in this IRA investment account, its underlying...

  15. 78 FR 50381 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From Malaysia: Final Affirmative Countervailing Duty Determination

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ....; Gulf Fish Inc.; Gulf Island Shrimp & Seafood, LLC; Gulf Pride Enterprises, Inc.; Hi-Seas of Dulac, Inc... and Processing); Ocean Springs Seafood Market, Inc.; Paul Piazza & Sons, Inc.; R.A. Lesso Brokerage Co... from Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, People's Republic of China, Thailand, and Socialist...

  16. 78 FR 50385 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp from India: Final Affirmative Countervailing Duty Determination

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ..., Inc.; Graham Shrimp, Inc.; Gulf Crown Seafood Co., Inc.; Gulf Fish Inc.; Gulf Island Shrimp & Seafood... Market, Inc.; Paul Piazza & Sons, Inc.; R.A. Lesso Brokerage Co., Inc.; Sea Pearl Seafood Co., Inc..., ``Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp from Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, People's Republic of...

  17. 78 FR 50389 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From Ecuador: Final Affirmative Countervailing Duty Determination

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ... House); Graham Fisheries, Inc.; Graham Shrimp, Inc.; Gulf Crown Seafood Co., Inc.; Gulf Fish Inc.; Gulf...); Ocean Springs Seafood Market, Inc.; Paul Piazza & Sons, Inc.; R.A. Lesso Brokerage Co., Inc.; Sea Pearl... Warmwater Shrimp from Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, People's Republic of China, Thailand,...

  18. 78 FR 50387 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Final Affirmative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ..., Inc.; Graham Shrimp, Inc.; Gulf Crown Seafood Co., Inc.; Gulf Fish Inc.; Gulf Island Shrimp & Seafood... Market, Inc.; Paul Piazza & Sons, Inc.; R.A. Lesso Brokerage Co., Inc.; Sea Pearl Seafood Co., Inc... Warmwater Shrimp from Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, People's Republic of China, Thailand,...

  19. 78 FR 50391 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the People's Republic of China: Final Affirmative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ....; Gulf Fish Inc.; Gulf Island Shrimp & Seafood, LLC; Gulf Pride Enterprises, Inc.; Hi-Seas of Dulac, Inc... and Processing); Ocean Springs Seafood Market, Inc.; Paul Piazza & Sons, Inc.; R.A. Lesso Brokerage Co..., ``Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp from Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, People's Republic of...

  20. 78 FR 5416 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ...-815] Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia...); Graham Fisheries, Inc.; Graham Shrimp, Inc.; Gulf Crown Seafood Co., Inc.; Gulf Fish Inc.; Gulf Island... Seafood Market, Inc.; Paul Piazza & Sons, Inc.; R.A. Lesso Brokerage Co., Inc.; Sea Pearl Seafood Co.,...

  1. INVESTMENTS IN BONDS ON ROMANIA’S CAPITAL MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ILIE RĂSCOLEAN

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Capital market, both the primary and secondary record financial transactions not only through property titles, but also issues debt securities, designed to attract monetary funds in the form of loans or medium term. Bonds are securities, consisting of a long-term debt on a company giving the holder of Bonds (Bondholders claim equal rights, corresponding nominal value of the bond. Bonds can be bought either in the public offering period, from banks or corporations Brokerage Financial Services Distributors, or from the stock through a brokerage firm by a procedure similar to that for action. Investing in bonds also entails risks, among which include the risk of default, interest rate risks and currency risks.

  2. Stability in Bank Income through Fee-based Activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. K. Uppal

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an attempt to study the trends in non-interest income which is a vital source of stability in bank income. For this, the study takes some parameters like interest and non-interest income as a percentage to total income, share of non-interest income components like exchange & brokerage, sale in investment and exchange transaction. On the basis of these parameters the study concludes that interest income is continuously declining due to deregulation in interest rates and non-interest income is rising. Among the non-interest income components, commodity exchange & brokerage witnessed a large share while exchange transaction witnessed a meager part. The paper also gives some ways and means to bring stability in the total income.

  3. Brokering health policy: coalitions, parties, and interest group influence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heaney, Michael T

    2006-10-01

    Assuming a position as broker between disconnected interests is one way for an interest group to influence the making of federal health policy. This study demonstrates how groups use their connections with political parties and lobbying coalitions to augment their brokerage positions and enhance their influence over policy making. Evidence is drawn from statistical analysis of 263 interviews with health policy elites and a qualitative case study of the debate over the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003. The results explain, in part, how interest groups play their brokerage roles as dispersed actors in a decentralized system, rather than as central mediators that intervene in a wide range of policy disputes.

  4. The European Commission as Network Broker

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Borrás

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Recent transformations in the European Union have been putting significant pressure on the management function of the European Commission. Examining its brokerage position in policy networks, this article asks what kind of role does the Commission have in the political interactions in Brussels after the year 2000. Developing a conceptual framework about brokerage roles in EU policy, the article uses a combination of quantitative and qualitative data in an empirical analysis of two very different cases where the Commission has been embattled the past years. The article argues that previous reports of the Commission’s demise are much exaggerated, because it continues playing a leading role in managing interaction between multiple actors at different levels of governance. The empirical results show that the Commission is a resilient central network broker.

  5. Buyer Search and the Role of Broker in an Emerging Housing Market: A Case Study of Guangzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Siqi; LIU Hongyu; Rebecca Lee

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines homebuyer's search process and the role of real estate broker in China's urban housing market, where inactive housing resale transactions and an immature brokerage industry are distinct characteristics. Guangzhou is used as a case study to model the intensity and duration of the search process. This study finds that buyers make trade-off between two search costs, activity cost and duration cost. The study also demonstrates that despite the industry's immature nature, buyers using brokers do increase search intensity and shorten search duration by reducing the activity cost. Empirical results show that there is no specific buyer group who can effectively lower their search cost by their own efforts, due to the poor information transparency in the current housing market. The broker-choice model shows that besides search cost, buyers' confidence in broker's service quality can also greatly influence their choice, so improvement in service quality and reputation has important implications for China's brokerage industry.

  6. (Net)Working out: social capital in a private health club.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crossley, Nick

    2008-09-01

    In Bowling Alone Robert Putnam considers the possibility that the growth of private health clubs and the rising rates of membership to such clubs might represent a counter-trend to his thesis on the decline in social capital. In this paper I explore this idea using ethnographic data and social network analysis. I show both that and how networks form in health clubs and I discuss the ways in which these networks constitute social capital for their members. In addition, however, I explore the 'dark side' of this form of social capital. I argue that high integration amongst some members of a fitness class can generate a power differential between those members and other, less integrated members who experience this negatively. Furthermore, with an eye on Burt's (2005) important thesis on brokerage and closure, I argue that brokerage between relatively closed clusters of agents can lead to inter-group rivalry and conflict, which, in turn, is experienced negatively by those involved.

  7. Not All Brokers Are Alike

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stea, Diego; Pedersen, Torben

    2016-01-01

    Brokers are expected to be more creative than employees embedded in closed social structures because they occupy a position in the social space that provides them with access to non-redundant knowledge. However, the extant research provides partly inconsistent findings on the creative implications...... of brokerage, which raises important questions about when and how brokering between otherwise disconnected colleagues leads to individual creativity. We advance the relational perspective on individual creativity by adopting a contingency view, and showing that a curvilinear (inverted U-shape) specification...... of the relationship between brokerage and creativity applies particularly when brokers work in research and development, as they are more likely to intensively exploit their structural opportunities. In addition, we show that brokers who work in research and development are more sensitive to work environments...

  8. Exploring the intellectual structure of nanoscience and nanotechnology: journal citation network analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Haejin; Park, Yongtae; Kim, Sarah Eunkyung; Lee, Hakyeon

    2016-06-01

    Understanding the research trends and intellectual structure of nanoscience and nanotechnology (nano) is important for governments as well as researchers. This paper investigates the intellectual structure of nano field and explores its interdisciplinary characteristics through journal citation networks. The nano journal network, where 41 journals are nodes and citation among the journals are links, is constructed and analyzed using centrality measures and brokerage analysis. The journals that have high centrality scores are identified as important journals in terms of knowledge flow. Moreover, an intermediary role of each journal in exchanging knowledge between nano subareas is identified by brokerage analysis. Further, the nano subarea network is constructed and investigated from the macro view of nano field. This paper can provide the micro and macro views of intellectual structure of nano field and therefore help researchers who seek appropriate journals to acquire knowledge and governments who develop R&D strategies for nano.

  9. Industrial extension, the Oklahoma way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Edmund J.

    1994-03-01

    Oklahoma has established a customer-driven industrial extension system. A publicly-chartered, private non-profit corporation, the Oklahoma Alliance for Manufacturing Excellence, Inc. (`the Alliance') coordinates the system. The system incorporates principles that Oklahoma manufacturers value: (1) decentralization and local accessibility; (2) coordinated existing resources; (3) comprehensive help; (4) interfirm cooperation; (5) pro-active outreach; (6) self- help and commitment from firms; (7) customer governance; and (8) performance accountability. The Oklahoma system consists of: (1) a network of locally-based broker/agents who work directly with manufacturers to diagnose problems and find appropriate assistance; (2) a group of industry sector specialists who collect and disseminate sector specific technological and market intelligence to the broker/agents and their clients; (3) all the specialized public and private sector resources coordinated by the system; and (4) a customer- driven coordination and evaluation mechanism, the Alliance.

  10. Who are the key players in a new translational research network?

    OpenAIRE

    Long, Janet C; Cunningham, Frances C.; Carswell, Peter; Braithwaite, Jeffrey

    2013-01-01

    Background Professional networks are used increasingly in health care to bring together members from different sites and professions to work collaboratively. Key players within these networks are known to affect network function through their central or brokerage position and are therefore of interest to those who seek to optimise network efficiency. However, their identity may not be apparent. This study using social network analysis to ask: (1) Who are the key players of a new translational...

  11. New Hope for Chinese Stocks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Many people in recent years have held that investing in the Chinese stock markets posed risks. But remarkable changes have taken place in China's stock markets during the past year, according to Mark De Weaver, a research analyst in Shenzhen who now manages a fund investing in Asian equities called Quantrarian Asia Hedge. According to De Weaver, the changes include split-share and brokerage reforms, a new securities law and more opportunities for qualified foreign investors. His main ideas follow:

  12. 12 CFR Appendix C to Part 717 - Model Forms for Opt-Out Notices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... credit score.” 2. Substituting other types of information for “income,” “account history,” or “credit score” for accuracy, such as “payment history,” “credit history,” “payoff status,” or “claims history... of affiliates covered by the notice for “credit card,” “insurance brokerage,” or...

  13. Some Considerations Regarding the Design and Implementation of Data Warehouse in Insurance Broker Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru Manole

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a proposal for a data warehouse model, designed for the use in the management of insurance brokerage companies. The model aims to provide information to the leadership of such companies, beyond the classical knowledge drawn from current activity reports. Also, the design process took into consideration the characteristics of the business model analysed. The model is then “exploited” by making some analyses on the data loaded.

  14. Risks and return of banking activities related to hedge funds.

    OpenAIRE

    Mustiers, J P.; Dubois, A.

    2007-01-01

    There are approximately 10,000 hedge funds worldwide, managing assets of over USD 1.5 trillion. Investment banking activities are more and more intertwined with hedge funds, as hedge funds obtain financing from banks through prime brokerage and are clients or counterparties of banks for all sorts of products. The development of hedge funds has therefore created many opportunities for investment banks. Bank benefit from hedge funds activities directly to the extent that hedge funds are their c...

  15. Structure and operation of the power market in France; La structure et le fonctionnement du marche de l'electricite en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The French power market is organized around four main activities: production, transport, distribution, commercialization. This market comprises also purely financial activities like brokerage and trade on the mutual agreement market or on the power exchange market (Powernext). To each activity corresponds a specific activity for the supply of end-users. This paper summarizes each step of the power market, its operation and its opening to competition. (J.S.)

  16. Marketing Strategies in an International Trade Business. Case Company: Koneisto International Oy

    OpenAIRE

    Sakulina, Anastasia

    2015-01-01

    Koneisto International Oy is a trade and brokerage company engaged in foreign trade activities ensuring the circulation of goods between their producers and consumers. The main research problem I will be working on in my thesis is: What specific marketing strategies can Koneisto International Oy use in order to be more present in international trade market? The topic was chosen under an availability of the company to cooperate with me and their interest in the variety of marketing strateg...

  17. Uncovering Document Fraud in Maritime Freight Transport Based on Probabilistic Classification

    OpenAIRE

    Triepels, Ron; Feelders, A.J.; Daniels, Hennie

    2015-01-01

    Deficient visibility in global supply chains causes significant risks for the customs brokerage practices of freight forwarders. One of the risks that freight forwarders face is that shipping documentation might contain document fraud and is used to declare a shipment. Traditional risk controls are ineffective in this regard since the creation of shipping documentation is uncontrollable by freight forwarders. In this paper, we propose a data mining approach that freight forwarders can use to ...

  18. Op zoek naar de perfecte match in vrijwilligersland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Els van Gilst

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Finding the perfect volunteer matchOrganizations that are (partially staffed by volunteers in the Netherlands are experiencing a growing need for volunteers. This relates to stricter laws and regulations, the changing deployment of volunteers and reforms in the care system (Bekkers & Boezeman, 2009; Devilee, 2005; MOVISIE, 2014; Rutte & Samsom, 2012.Volunteer centres can form part of the solution to the growing demand for volunteers. There are about 240 volunteer centres in the Netherlands. They promote volunteering and provide information, training, advice and support in this area. In addition, they play an active role as brokers in bringing together supply (volunteers and demand (volunteer-involving organizations. This intermediary role is often the core business of volunteer centres (Ploegmakers, Merkus & Terpstra, 2011; Terpstra, Ploegmakers & van Laar, 2008.The success of volunteer brokerage remains relatively limited, however. Offline brokerage (at the office of the volunteer centre is in about half of the cases successful. This falls to 37 percent for online brokerage. Volunteer brokerage is classed as successful when a volunteer is placed at an organization for a short-term project or a period of three months (Ploegmakers et al., 2011.Literature research (Van Gilst, Schalk, Garretsen & Van de Goor, 2011 was carried out to determine how the results of volunteer brokerage can be improved. The motivation and feelings of pride and respect on the part of a volunteer are found to be important for the level of satisfaction and willingness to keep on volunteering in both the short term and the long term.This article examines how success factors such as motivation, pride and respect can be incorporated into the daily brokerage practices of volunteer centres. Two research questions are central to this article:1. How does volunteer brokerage occur in practice?2. When and how can success factors for matching volunteers and organizations (partially

  19. Hybridising Medicine: Illness, Healing and the Dynamics of Reciprocal Exchange on the Upper Guinea Coast (West Africa)

    OpenAIRE

    Philip J. Havik

    2016-01-01

    The present article seeks to fill a number of lacunae with regard to the study of the circulation and assimilation of different bodies of medical knowledge in an important cultural contact zone, that is the Upper Guinea Coast. Building upon ongoing research on trade and cultural brokerage in the area, it focuses upon shifting attitudes and practices with regard to health and healing as a result of cultural interaction and hybridisation against the background of growing intra-African and Afro-...

  20. Crime and Punishment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LEO ZHANG

    2008-01-01

    @@ Insider trading has a long and venerated his-tory on the Chinese stock market. Back in ,the 1990s. the stock market was so plagued by retail investors scouting for so-called "insider tips"- often scams that led to massive losses for the investors-that authorities were forced to close down a slew of unethical trust firms and brokerages, crushing investor confidence and leading to an almost four-year bear market.

  1. Relationship Service Marketing and Investment in Financial Market of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Alipour

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In competitive world, having expertise, knowledge and marketing experience for financial market activities, especially brokerage firms has proven inevitable. This should be accompanied by performing marketing operations along with intermediary roles and carrying on the daily transactions of shares in the Tehran stock exchange market. The current study aims investigating the level of marketing knowledge used in stock exchange market, identifying the reasons behind deficient use of the marketing knowledge by the financial institutions (financial intermediaries, brokerage firms and etc, matching the marketing activities with the financial activities of the brokerage firms in the Tehran stock exchange and finally improving the investment in Tehran stock exchange market. Independent variables were selected based on services marketing mix such as product, price, place, promotion, physical facilities, people and process. The method used is survey-based and the universe has been drawn from among the financial institutions active in Tehran stock exchange and the regional branches of the country. The results obtained from the research show that, during the period reviewed, the dynamic marketing system in the financial market was the traditional system without attending to the modern criteria of financial service marketing in the areas relating communication and determination of the shares prices, services of conduct transactions of the financial analyses and encouragement the big companies to enter the Tehran Stock Exchange.

  2. Knowledge brokering on emissions modelling in Strategic Environmental Assessment of Estonian energy policy with special reference to the LEAP model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuldna, Piret, E-mail: piret.kuldna@seit.ee [Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre, Lai 34, Tallinn 10133 (Estonia); Peterson, Kaja [Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre, Lai 34, Tallinn 10133 (Estonia); Kuhi-Thalfeldt, Reeli [Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre, Lai 34, Tallinn 10133 (Estonia); Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn 19086 (Estonia)

    2015-09-15

    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) serves as a platform for bringing together researchers, policy developers and other stakeholders to evaluate and communicate significant environmental and socio-economic effects of policies, plans and programmes. Quantitative computer models can facilitate knowledge exchange between various parties that strive to use scientific findings to guide policy-making decisions. The process of facilitating knowledge generation and exchange, i.e. knowledge brokerage, has been increasingly explored, but there is not much evidence in the literature on how knowledge brokerage activities are used in full cycles of SEAs which employ quantitative models. We report on the SEA process of the national energy plan with reflections on where and how the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) model was used for knowledge brokerage on emissions modelling between researchers and policy developers. Our main suggestion is that applying a quantitative model not only in ex ante, but also ex post scenario modelling and associated impact assessment can facilitate systematic and inspiring knowledge exchange process on a policy problem and capacity building of participating actors. - Highlights: • We examine the knowledge brokering on emissions modelling between researchers and policy developers in a full cycle of SEA. • Knowledge exchange process can evolve at any modelling stage within SEA. • Ex post scenario modelling enables systematic knowledge exchange and learning on a policy problem.

  3. 村落研究:解说模式与社会事实%Village Research:Explanatory model and social fact

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰林友

    2004-01-01

    In his research on the late Qing dynasty and the early Republican period, Prasenjit Duara, an American scholar who emigrated to U.S. from India, put forward the famous concept “culturalnexus of power” as a kind of explanatory model for state-local society relations. This model has tremendous influence on the academic studies of Chinese social history, sociology, and anthropology.This paper mainly reacts to Prasenjit Duara's village-level research in North China Plain, critically evaluates his rural studies, and has a dialogue with him focusing on the issues of village nature, kinship space, and state brokerage.

  4. Social networks of professionals in health care organizations: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasselli, Stefano

    2014-12-01

    In this article, we provide an overview of social network research in health care, with a focus on social interactions between professionals in organizations. We begin by introducing key concepts defining the social network approach, including network density, centrality, and brokerage. We then review past and current research on the antecedents of health care professionals' social networks-including demographic attributes, professional groups, and organizational arrangements-and their consequences-including satisfaction at work, leadership, behaviors, knowledge transfer, diffusion of innovation, and performance. Finally, we examine future directions for social network research in health care, focusing on micro-macro linkages and network dynamics.

  5. Group-Oriented Services: A Shift towards Consumer-Managed Relationships in the Telecom Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vrdoljak, Luka; Bojic, Iva; Podobnik, Vedran; Jezic, Gordan; Kusek, Mario

    Today, telecom operators face a threefold challenge: a social challenge dealing with the evolution of the consumer lifestyle, a technological challenge dealing with ever changing ICT trends and a business challenge dealing with the need for innovative business models. This paper introduces an idea of group-oriented services, a special type of personalized telecom services, as a possible solution for all three of these challenges. A proof-of-concept service, called Agent-Based Mobile Content Brokerage, is presented and elaborated with the aim to demonstrate a shift towards consumer-managed relationships, a novel provisioning paradigm within the telecom industry.

  6. IT-Driven Customer Service or Customer-Driven IT Service: Does IT Matter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damsgaard, J.; Hørlück, J.; Jensen, Christian Søndergaard

    2005-01-01

    complete. Mortgage banking, retail banking, an insurance company, a real estate brokerage chain, and a real estate investor company comprised the Nykredit Group, making it a modern financial supermarket.. The deregulation of the Danish banking industry in the 1990s caused a lot of turmoil within the entire...... IT service and customer service into one powerful business development department. The creation of a central department had been extremely successful during the radical changes that Nykredit had been forced into during the 1990s. But could the success of the past be extended into the future? The public...

  7. Survey of E-Commerce Modeling and Optimization Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Electronic commerce is impacting almost all commercial activities. The resulting emerging commercial activities bring with them many new modeling and optimization problems. This survey reviews pioneering works in this new area, covering topics in advertising strategy, web page design, automatic pricing, auction methods, brokerage strategy, and customer behavior analysis. Mathematical models for problems in these areas and their solution algorithms are discussed. In addition to presenting and commenting on these works, we also discuss possible extensions and related problems. The objective of this survey is to encourage more researchers to pay attention to this emerging area.

  8. Neural bases of recommendations differ according to social network structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brook O'Donnell, Matthew; Bayer, Joseph B; Cascio, Christopher N; Falk, Emily B

    2017-01-18

    Ideas spread across social networks, but not everyone is equally positioned to be a successful recommender. Do individuals with more opportunities to connect otherwise unconnected others-high information brokers-use their brains differently than low information brokers when making recommendations? We test the hypothesis that those with more opportunities for information brokerage may use brain systems implicated in considering the thoughts, perspectives, and mental states of others (i.e., 'mentalizing') more when spreading ideas. We used social network analysis to quantify individuals' opportunities for information brokerage. This served as a predictor of activity within meta-analytically defined neural regions associated with mentalizing (DMPFC, TPJ, MPFC, PCC, MTG) as participants received feedback about peer opinions of mobile game apps. Higher information brokers exhibited more activity in this mentalizing network when receiving divergent peer feedback and updating their recommendation. These data support the idea that those in different network positions may use their brains differently to perform social tasks. Different social network positions might provide more opportunities to engage specific psychological processes. Or those who tend to engage such processes more may place themselves in systematically different network positions. These data highlight the value of integrating levels of analysis, from brain networks to social networks.

  9. Search-matching model in China's resale housing market based on simulation%基于仿真的中国住房二级市场搜寻匹配模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红; 李洋

    2013-01-01

    In order to study the search-matching process between both parties in housing transactions,this study established a theoretical model applicable to the characteristics of China's resale housing market transactions,qualitatively analyzed the search-matching process and its determinants in resale housing market,and simulated the impact mechanism of exogenous variables on the search-matching process in terms of market environment factor,unit search cost and brokerage commission rate.The results show that market environmental factors represented by matching efficiency and tightness level affect the agents' search intensities and market liquidity significantly.The buyer's search behavior is more sensitive; the increase in the unit search costs of buyer and seller inhibits their own search intensities,and there is a critical turning point of abrupt change at the unit search cost of 10 Yuan each time.At this point,brokerage service lowers the transaction price and search intensities and improves the market liquidity.There is also a critical turning point at the brokerage commission rate of 10%,but the maximum commission rate cannot exceed 13%.%为研究住房交易双方的搜寻匹配,构建适于中国二手房交易特点的理论模型,分析住房二级市场搜寻匹配过程及其影响因素,仿真模拟市场环境因素、单位搜寻成本和中介佣金比例等外生变量对搜寻匹配的作用机制.研究表明,以匹配效率和紧缺程度为代表的市场环境变化会显著改变交易双方的搜寻强度与市场流动性,且买方搜寻行为更容易受到影响;买方与卖方的单位搜寻成本增加会明显抑制各自的搜寻强度,在单位搜寻成本为10元/次时存在突变临界点;经纪服务会降低交易价格和搜寻强度,并提高市场流动性水平,在中介佣金比例达到10%时存在突变临界点,但佣金比例最高不宜超过13%.

  10. The Different Effects of the Institutional Investors Holding on the Stock Price%机构投资者持股对股价的差异性影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童元松; 王光伟

    2015-01-01

    文章选取2013年末上海证券交易所A股作为研究样本,运用Stata12、 Excel软件,通过统计描述分析、分类回归、截面多元回归等分析了不同机构投资者对股价的差异性影响。实证研究表明,机构总体、基金、其他机构、券商和社保对股价的影响有较高的显著性;基金、券商、保险持股越高越有利于降低价格冲击指数,缩小有效价差,但降低了市场深度,社保和信托作用则正好相反;基金、社保和QFII持股增加使股价波动率增加,不稳定性增加,其他机构、券商、保险与信托则作用相反。国家监管机构须引导和鼓励机构投资者理性投资、业务创新和开展高端竞争并走差异化发展之路。%By selecting the Shanghai Stock Exchange A-share at the end of 2013 as samples, using Stata12 and Excel software, this paper studies the differences in the effects of different institutional investors on the stock price through descriptive statistics analysis , classification regression and multivariate regression. Empirical studies show that the overall organization, funds, other institutions, brokerage, social insurance has a higher impact on the share price;the higher the fund, brokerage, insurance holdings, the more help to reduce price shocks , the effective spread and the market depth, but social insurance and trusts have the opposite effect;funds, social insurance and QFII holdings increased volatility and instability, but other agencies, brokerage, insurance and trusts have the opposite effect. National regulatory authorities must guide and encourage institutional investors to pay attention to the rational investment , business innovation, high level of competitionand and differentiated development.

  11. MARKETING MIX IN FINANCIAL INVESTMENT SERVICES COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana Ancuța IANCU

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Given that services of Financial Investment Services Companies can be very similar (described by law, it's very important that they be distinguished by certain elements from competitors, thereby gaining market share. How can they do that? By adding value for customers. International literature offers views on creating competitive advantage considering the elements of the Marketing Mix: product, price, placement, promotion, personnel, process and physical evidence. From our experience in brokerage business, but also from our research in this field, we conclude that product and prices policies should be considered in periods of economic growth and stagnation. If in times of crisis we find no significant differences between companies (regardless of the number of products or the fees they have, in a stabilized economy, precisely this policies makes the difference between competitors.

  12. Die Meta-Synthese zur Aggregation und Reflektion qualitativer Fallstudien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leick, Birgit; Gretzinger, Susanne

    2016-01-01

    Metasynthesis, the qualitative counterpart of metaanalysis (Hunt 1997), is defined as “an exploratory, inductive research design to synthesize primary qualitative case studies for the purpose of making contributions beyond those achieved in the original studies” (Hoon 2013: 523, see also Sandelow......Metasynthesis, the qualitative counterpart of metaanalysis (Hunt 1997), is defined as “an exploratory, inductive research design to synthesize primary qualitative case studies for the purpose of making contributions beyond those achieved in the original studies” (Hoon 2013: 523, see also...... Sandelowski 2000 and 1997, and Howell Major and Savin-Baden 2010). This book chapter is introducing into the method based on an example - the support of brokerage of governance in company networks - from the entrepreneurship-research. Meta-synthesis is suited to synthesize and aggregate case...

  13. The Private and Common Benefits of Spanning Structural Holes within the MNE Network

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gärber, Lisa Katarina; Pedersen, Torben; Rogbeer, Shalini

    2012-01-01

    It is well established that spanning structural holes creates private benefits through innovation. However, the extent to which other network members profit from spanning structural holes remains unclear. This research considers how subunits that span structural holes within the MNE network reap...... private benefits in terms of innovation, as well as contribute to the common network benefits through knowledge outflows. Acknowledging that a direct relationship between knowledge sharing and innovation exists, we use a 3SLS model to elucidate the various individual and simultaneous links among brokerage...... but negatively to knowledge outflows, given also that, as expected, innovation is positively related to outflows. The reason that existing literature has ignored the knowledge outflow patterns of the broker, and as such its value-added to the network, may be that the total effect of knowledge outflow is indeed...

  14. Think Tanks as Policy Brokers in Partially Organized Fields

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garsten, Christina; Sörbom, Adrienne

    As has been noted in research on think tanks it is difficult to describe what a think tank is, and to pinpoint what it is in think tank activities that generates powerful relationships towards other actors. This is even more the case when talking of transnational think tanks. In this report we give...... a theoretical account of how relationships organized by transnational think tanks may be analyzed. In the report we are drawing on empirical findings from the World Economic Forum (WEF), seen as a transnational think tank addressing a non-national audience. We are suggesting that think-tank experts are engaged...... in the brokerage of ideas and knowledge, implying an intermediary activity, wherein ideas are translated, shaped and formatted. Operating at the interfaces of various actors, think-tank experts formulate and negotiate ideas with and among actors, encouraging them to adopt and use those ideas. The main argument...

  15. Orchestrating Information Sharing among Intra- And Inter-Organisational Core Actors in a Large New Product Development Project - The Particular Role of The Project Manager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Lisbeth Brøde

    The success of NPD projects of high-cost, engineering-intensive, and customized development products is largely dependent on information sharing with actors from customers regarding their specific requirements (Von Hippel, 1986). But information sharing is also necessary among actors from different...... expertise and critical information are integrated in a timely fashion into the development process (Edmondson and Nembhard, 2009). However, prior research has not simultaneously studied and addressed the differences in intra- and inter-organisational information sharing during the various phases of the NPD...... and the role of technology uncertainty whereas Jepsen et al. (2012) investigate the project manager’s brokerage of information sharing between actors inside and outside of the developer company. Research has shown that heavily burdened PMs require assistance in the information sharing process not only from...

  16. Firm-specific information, analysts’ superiority and investment value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu; Li; Erjia; Yang; Tusheng; Xiao

    2014-01-01

    Using a sample of Chinese security analysts’recommendations from 2005 to2010,we examine the source of analysts’superiority and the investment value of their recommendations.Using a calendar-time portfolio approach,we find that,on average,analysts’recommendations are valuable and that analysts are better at analyzing and transferring firm-specific information than market-wide or industry-level information.In addition,we show that the investment value of recommendations increases as firm-specific information becomes more important in stock pricing.Our empirical results are useful in guiding investors and helping brokerage houses to evaluate the output of research departments.

  17. Structure and Dynamics of Coauthorship, Citation, and Impact within CSCW

    CERN Document Server

    Keegan, Brian; Finholt, Thomas A; Kaye, Joseph "Jofish"

    2013-01-01

    CSCW has stabilized as an interdisciplinary venue for computer, information, cognitive, and social scientists but has also undergone significant changes in its format in recent years. This paper uses methods from social network analysis and bibliometrics to re-examine the structures of CSCW a decade after its last systematic analysis. Using data from the ACM Digital Library, we analyze changes in structures of coauthorship and citation between 1986 and 2013. Statistical models reveal significant but distinct patterns between papers and authors in how brokerage and closure in these networks affects impact as measured by citations and downloads. Specifically, impact is unduly influenced by structural position, such that ideas introduced by those in the core of the CSCW community (e.g., elite researchers) are advantaged over those introduced by peripheral participants (e.g., newcomers). This finding is examined in the context of recent changes to the CSCW conference that may have the effect of upsetting the pref...

  18. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The Chinese economy seems to be back on the fast track, with a number of first-half indicators released by the National Bureau of Statistics turning around. First-half GDP growth was better than expected in the absence of export contributions. Positive signs are everywhere, from a rebound in fixed-asset investment to surging domestic sales. The picture of a long-anticipated merger between China Eastern and Shanghai Airlines has become clearer, though they still face an uphill battle. Securities companies gained momentum from the stock market rally by collecting more brokerage fees in the first half of this year. The country’s sovereign wealth fund, China Investment Corp., is making a push into the commodities sector.

  19. Juggling with network prospects and conflicts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gretzinger, Susanne; Leick, Birgit

    Innovation-based collaboration offers not only benefits in terms of value co-creation, but is also associated with major conflicts arising for various reasons. Firm-specific knowledge that constitutes the core competencies of notably small enterprises to build competitive advantage in the global...... market place collides with the need to develop knowledge bases and upgrade capabilities to innovate in collaborative networks. As a consequence, network asymmetries and emerging risks of networking reduce the chances to jointly create value. The present paper studies this context and highlights both...... the need and power of moderation and brokerage as appropriate tools for network managers to handle such conflicts. Using a case study of an innovation- and knowledge-based Danish windmill network, the paper investigates the prospects and conflicts in the process of value co-creation in a network context...

  20. Application of remote debugging techniques in user-centric job monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    dos Santos, T.; Mättig, P.; Wulff, N.; Harenberg, T.; Volkmer, F.; Beermann, T.; Kalinin, S.; Ahrens, R.

    2012-06-01

    With the Job Execution Monitor, a user-centric job monitoring software developed at the University of Wuppertal and integrated into the job brokerage systems of the WLCG, job progress and grid worker node health can be supervised in real time. Imminent error conditions can thus be detected early by the submitter and countermeasures can be taken. Grid site admins can access aggregated data of all monitored jobs to infer the site status and to detect job misbehaviour. To remove the last "blind spot" from this monitoring, a remote debugging technique based on the GNU C compiler suite was developed and integrated into the software; its design concept and architecture is described in this paper and its application discussed.

  1. Easy does it

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anuj K. Shah

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available We propose that people weight fluent, or easy to process, information more heavily than disfluent information when making judgments. Cue fluency was manipulated independent of objective cue validity in three studies, the findings from which support our hypothesis. In Experiment 1, participants weighted a consumer review more heavily when it was written in a clear font than in a less clear font. In Experiment 2, participants placed more weight on information when it was in focus than when it was blurry. In Experiment 3, participants placed more weight on financial information from brokerage firms with easy to pronounce names than those with hard to pronounce names. These studies demonstrate that fluency affects cue weighting independent of objective cue validity.

  2. Econophysics: A challenge to econometricians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zapart, Christopher A.

    2015-02-01

    The study contrasts mainstream economics-operating on time scales of hours and days-with behavioural finance, econophysics and high-frequency trading, more applicable to short-term time scales of the order of minutes and seconds. We show how the central theoretical assumption underpinning prevailing economic theories is violated on small time scales. We also demonstrate how an alternative behavioural econophysics can model reactions of market participants to short-term movements in foreign exchange markets and, in a direct contradiction of the orthodox economics, design a rudimentary IsingFX automated trading system. By replacing costly human forex dealers with banks of Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) devices that implement in hardware high-frequency behavioural trading models of the type described here, brokerages and forex liquidity providers can expect to gain significant reductions in operating costs.

  3. Software Architecture Coupling Metric for Assessing Operational Responsiveness of Trading Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiu VINTE

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The empirical observation that motivates our research relies on the difficulty to assess the performance of a trading architecture beyond a few synthetic indicators like response time, system latency, availability or volume capacity. Trading systems involve complex software architectures of distributed resources. However, in the context of a large brokerage firm, which offers a global coverage from both, market and client perspectives, the term distributed gains a critical significance indeed. Offering a low latency ordering system by nowadays standards is relatively easily achievable, but integrating it in a flexible manner within the broader information system architecture of a broker/dealer requires operational aspects to be factored in. We propose a metric for measuring the coupling level within software architecture, and employ it to identify architectural designs that can offer a higher level of operational responsiveness, which ultimately would raise the overall real-world performance of a trading system.

  4. A Tale of a Global Family: Shifts and Connections among Different Streams of Marriage Migrations in Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongfang Hao

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Transnational marriage migration is an important global phenomenon, yet each marriage remains an intimate, personal, and life-shaping event. This article traces the life of a family in rural northeast China that has developed global connections through marriage. In particular, it focuses on the story of a Chinese husband and his Vietnamese wife, which provides insight into the expansion of marriage migrations to and from China over the last decade. The article analyzes how different streams of marriage migrations are linked, specifically the flow of wives from China to Japan and South Korea, and from Vietnam to Taiwan, South Korea, and China. These flows are interconnected in many ways, including through personal networks, brokerage, remittances, and flows of information. Such interconnections in turn exemplify how apparently independent and unrelated migration flows may present multilayered connections of migration factors, diversification, and increasing complexity of migration experiences.

  5. Managing Cooperative Networks in the Process of Service Co-Creation in Rural Areas:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gretzinger, Susanne; Leick, Birgit

    contributed to the Danish economy. The Danish windmill industry is still growing. Exports rose from 45,8 billion DKK in 2013 to 53.5 billion DKK and employment increased from 27.271 in 2013 to 28.676 employees in 2014 (Industriens Fond, 2015). Altogether, the Danish wind energy sector accounts for 3...... SME do not house the resources to offer the whole range of services, which is in need to run e. g. a windmill farm, cooperation among complementing SMES is a key capability in the process of shaping vital capabilities of cooperative networks and rural areas (Martin et al., 2016, Sarker and Faiz, 2016...... and brokerage as appropriate tools for network managers to handle such conflicts and in doing so to support business networks in rural areas (Burt, 2005, Granovetter, 1985, Eklinder-Frick, et al. 2011, 2012, 2014)....

  6. Papéis sociais no ensino médio uma análise baseada na teoria das redes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DAVIDE CARBONAI

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El análisis de redes sociales se ha utilizado aquí para estudiar una muestra de estudiantes que frecuentan 22 clases del primer ciclo de la secundaria en las escuelas de la Toscana (Italia. El análisis es derivado de la comparación de las redes de diferentes magnitudes (el número de estudiantes por clase tomando en cuenta diferentes medidas de normalización. Más allá de poner de relieve los elementos críticos en el proceso de integración, proponemos aquí las estadísticas de red calculadas en relación al tipo de familia de origen de cada estudiante: medidas de centralidad y densidad del grupo, así como sus roles sociales ( brokerage .

  7. Evolution of the ATLAS PanDA Production and Distributed Analysis System

    CERN Document Server

    Maeno, T; The ATLAS collaboration

    2012-01-01

    The PanDA (Production and Distributed Analysis) system has been developed to meet ATLAS production and analysis requirements for a data-driven workload management system capable of operating at LHC data processing scale. PanDA has performed well with high reliability and robustness during the two years of LHC data-taking, while being actively evolved to meet the rapidly changing requirements for analysis use cases. We will present an overview of system evolution including automatic rebrokerage and reattempt for analysis jobs, adaptation for the CernVM File System, support for the multi-cloud model through which Tier-2 sites act as members of multiple clouds, pledged resource management and preferential brokerage, and monitoring improvements. We will also describe results from the analysis of two years of PanDA usage statistics, current issues, and plans for the future.

  8. Business Storytelling and Leadership in the Insurance Companies from Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viorica Păuș

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The research addresses a new concept introduced into the managerial practice of the insurance industry from Romania and it aims to test the hypothesis that success, performance and competitiveness of the organizations in the insurance industry depend also on the quality of the leadership and the leaders’ ability to use storytelling, taking into account the intangibility of the insurance products. The main tool that this exploratory, qualitative research has used is the structured interview with three target groups, which we considered to be relevant: CEOs/managers of insurance companies and insurance brokerage firms, public relations specialists and economic journalists. The results of our research endeavours may be of interest for both the managers, employees and communication specialists in the insurance industry and the business world in general, for which the introduction of storytelling in the leadership practices might increase the attractiveness not only for employees, but also for stakeholders and customers.

  9. Choosing Collaboration Partners. How Scientific Success in Physics Depends on Network Positions

    CERN Document Server

    Heiberger, Raphael H

    2016-01-01

    Physics is one of the most successful endeavors in science. Being a prototypic big science it also reflects the growing tendency for scientific collaborations. Utilizing 250,000 papers from ArXiv.org a prepublishing platform prevalent in Physics we construct large coauthorship networks to investigate how individual network positions influence scientific success. In this context, success is seen as getting a paper published in high impact journals of physical subdisciplines as compared to not getting it published at all or in rather peripheral journals only. To control the nested levels of authors and papers, and to consider the time elapsing between working paper and prominent journal publication we employ multilevel eventhistory models with various network measures as covariates. Our results show that the maintenance of even a moderate number of persistent ties is crucial for scientific success. Also, even with low volumes of social capital Physicists who occupy brokerage positions enhance their chances of a...

  10. Channeling power across ecological systems: social regularities in community organizing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christens, Brian D; Inzeo, Paula Tran; Faust, Victoria

    2014-06-01

    Relational and social network perspectives provide opportunities for more holistic conceptualizations of phenomena of interest in community psychology, including power and empowerment. In this article, we apply these tools to build on multilevel frameworks of empowerment by proposing that networks of relationships between individuals constitute the connective spaces between ecological systems. Drawing on an example of a model for grassroots community organizing practiced by WISDOM—a statewide federation supporting local community organizing initiatives in Wisconsin—we identify social regularities (i.e., relational and temporal patterns) that promote empowerment and the development and exercise of social power through building and altering relational ties. Through an emphasis on listening-focused one-to-one meetings, reflection, and social analysis, WISDOM organizing initiatives construct and reinforce social regularities that develop social power in the organizing initiatives and advance psychological empowerment among participant leaders in organizing. These patterns are established by organizationally driven brokerage and mobilization of interpersonal ties, some of which span ecological systems.Hence, elements of these power-focused social regularities can be conceptualized as cross-system channels through which micro-level empowerment processes feed into macro-level exercise of social power, and vice versa. We describe examples of these channels in action, and offer recommendations for theory and design of future action research [corrected] .

  11. Program on stimulating operational private sector use of Earth observation satellite information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastwood, L. F., Jr.; Foshage, J.; Gomez, G.; Kirkpatrick, B.; Konig, B.; Stein, R. (Principal Investigator)

    1981-01-01

    Ideas for new businesses specializing in using remote sensing and computerized spatial data systems were developd. Each such business serves as an 'information middleman', buying raw satellite or aircraft imagery, processing these data, combining them in a computer system with customer-specific information, and marketing the resulting information products. Examples of the businesses the project designed are: (1) an agricultural facility site evaluation firm; (2) a mass media grocery price and supply analyst and forecaster; (3) a management service for privately held woodlots; (4) a brokerage for insulation and roofing contractors, based on infrared imagery; (5) an expanded real estate information service. In addition, more than twenty-five other commercially attractive ideas in agribusiness, forestry, mining, real estate, urban planning and redevelopment, and consumer information were created. The commercial feasibility of the five business was assessed. This assessment included market surveys, revenue projections, cost analyses, and profitability studies. The results show that there are large and enthusiastic markets willing to pay for the services these businesses offer, and that the businesses could operate profitably.

  12. Make or buy of IT-enabled innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mahnke, Volker; Overby, Mikkel Lucas; Özcan, Serden

    2004-01-01

    IT-enabled innovations are of increasing importance for competitive success in most sectors today. This paper offers a novel theoretical and empirically illustrated explanation of why IT-outsourcing strategies differ between innovative first-movers, fast followers and late entrants. In particular...... the implications of governance choices in techno-logical environments characterised by either accumulation or disruption. Keywords: IT-enabled innovation, outsourcing, technological regime, strategic posture, first-mover advantages, financial services, online brokerage......IT-enabled innovations are of increasing importance for competitive success in most sectors today. This paper offers a novel theoretical and empirically illustrated explanation of why IT-outsourcing strategies differ between innovative first-movers, fast followers and late entrants. In particular......, an analysis of three companies in the financial sector - Charles Schwab, Fidelity Investment, and Merrill Lynch - reveals that governance choices influence a company's ap-propriable learning curve advantage to slow down or speed up adoption and imitation of IT-enabled innovation. Moreover, we discuss...

  13. Factors Affecting the Individual Decision Making: a Case Study of Islamabad Stock Exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mona Akbar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent era, stock market trading has increased rapidly; rapid trading can give benefits to brokerage firms. Stock market of country is an indicator of economic growth and development of country. Individual investment decision making is increasing rapidly so it is necessary to know the behavior of individual investors. The study identifies the factors that affect the investment decision making. The study used adapted questionnaire to gather the primary data from 253 individual investors of Islamabad stock exchange. The advanced econometric techniques are used to conduct in-depth analysis of gathered data with the help of SPSS 22. The descriptive statistics, regression analysis and exploratory factor analysis are employed. The findings of present study reveal positive significant relationship between advocate recommendations, neutral information, self-image/firm image coincidence and individual investor investment decision making. The study did not find any evidence on relationship between accounting information, classical wealth maximization and personal financial needs. It can say that most of investors in Pakistan are not making rational decisions on the basis of accounting information and most of times their decisions depend on the recommendations of stock brokers, co-works, friends and family. It is suggested that higher authorizes should focus on this issue because stock markets can be easily manipulated if investors rely on other recommendations while making investment decisions.

  14. Analysis of Intraday Trading of Index Option in Korean Option Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young-Hoon Ko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The option market in South Korea began on 7 July 1997. After then, the amount of option market has increased steeply. In these days, average daily payments is beyond 1 trillion won. It is impossible to predict the market. But using the statistics, investors can get a profit steadly. The open interest contracts of index future has increased over 4000 after start time of a day and decrease down to about 0 when closing time. As for this characteristics of index future, Ko[1] suggested the volatility strategy and brought the result of simulation with the profit of 1.07 % per a day. This profit comes to real if an investor finds a brokerage firm with low commissions. This paper suggests another strategy. The price of options consists of time value and intrinsic value. And the fall of index future is faster than rising. Therefore velocity of moving index cause the price of options. The simulation results give a fascinating fact that put option tends to increase in the morning and call option tends to increase in the afternoon. With this velocity strategy, investors get the profit 1.4% per a day except commissions of 0.15% per one trade.

  15. [An exploratory synthesis of knowledge brokering in public health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridde, Valéry; Dagenais, Christian; Boileau, Michèle

    2013-01-01

    There is a call for public health policies and interventions to be evidence-based. Also, using knowledge brokers to foster the use of research results is increasingly recommended. This article presents an exploratory synthesis of the current state of knowledge on this new strategy We conducted a scoping study by consulting the main databases. Nineteen articles were included in the analysis, which was designed with a grid developed iteratively. The synthesis shows that knowledge brokering initiatives include i) planning activities (stakeholder identification, creation of networks and partnerships, context analysis, problem identification, needs identification), ii) support to the brokers (training, technical support, development of a practice guide), and iii) the brokerage activities themselves (information management, liaison between knowledge producers and users, training of users). Only four articles presented empirical data on the effects of brokers' activities. Three were associated with increased knowledge in the target audience. No study showed any impact on clinical behaviours or on public policy content. This synthesis highlights the challenges involved in knowledge brokering activities, as well as the characteristics and skills a broker should possess. While knowledge brokering appears promising, efforts must now be made to evaluate it more systematically to demonstrate its effectiveness.

  16. An Empirical Analysis on Credit Risk Models and its Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joocheol Kim

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This study intends to focus on introducing credit default risk with widely used credit risk models in an effort to empirically test whether the models hold their validity, apply to financial institutions which usually are highly levered with various types of debts, and finally reinterpret the results in computing adequate collateral level in the over-the-counter derivatives market. By calculating the distance-to-default values using historical market data for South Korean banks and brokerage firms as suggested in Merton model and KMV’s EDF model, we find that the performance of the introduced models well reflect the credit quality of the sampled financial institutions. Moreover, we suggest that in addition to the given credit ratings of different financial institutions, their distance-to-default values can be utilized in determining the sufficient level of credit support. Our suggested “smoothened” collateral level allows both contractual parties to minimize their costs caused from provision of collateral without undertaking additional credit risk and achieve efficient collateral management.

  17. Challenges And Opportunities For The Future Of Icampuses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Meeting the educational needs of students currently requires moving towardcollaborative electronic and mobile learning systems that parallel the vision ofWeb 2.0. However, factors such as data freedom, brokerage, interconnectivityand the Internet of Things add to a vision for Web 3.0 that will require con-sideration in the development of future campus-based, distance and vocationalstudy. So, education can, in future, be expected to require deeper technologicalconnections between students and learning environments, based on significantuse of sensors, mobile devices, cloud computing and rich-media visualization.Therefore, we discuss challenges associated with such a futuristic campus con-text, including how learning materials and environments may be enriched byit. As an additional novel element the potential for much of that enrichmentto be realized through development by students, within the curriculum, is alsoconsidered. We will conclude that much of the technology required to embracethe vision of Web 3.0 in education already exists, but that further research inkey areas is required for the concept to achieve its full potential.

  18. INSURANCE MARKET. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS OF INSURANCES IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARINEL NEDELUŢ

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Insurance is a contract made by a company or society, or by the state, to provide a guarantee for loss, damage, illness, death etc in return for regular payments. In other words it is a means by which one pays a relatively small known cost for protection against an uncertain and much larger cost. Still, this contract (insurance policy makes it possible for the insured to cover only losses that are measurable in terms of money and caused strictly by hazardous events, independent from own doing. If no such events should happen, the benefits won’t exist in a tangible, material form, but will take the shape of security against ruin. Since the insurance industry has developed more during the last decade due to the powerful players that have entered the market, the services provided by the insurance companies, and not only their products have evolved a lot in order to meet the requirements of the consumers, and to make them familiar with this type of investments. Therefore all the means of advertising became essential in this process of implementation and familiarization with this area of activity: mass-media advertising, insurance brokerage companies, the internet are all parts of this process.

  19. Treatment and trade or organic manures in the future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verkuyten, J.C.A.M. [European Manure Association, EMA, Deventer (Netherlands)

    1997-08-01

    The manure market is dominated by both low prices and low quality. This current market does not favour the sustainable use of manures, nor does it favour innovation. First step in improving both manure quality and manure utilisation is optimizing the manure supply chain. A powerful instrument for this optimizing forms `certification of the links within the chain`. The successful marketing of the derivates requires technological and organisational innovation. A powerful instrument in successful marketing is `certification`. Through certification of the supply chain, as well as certification of the products, upgrading of the products is possible, leading to economical viable investments in waste treatment. Product certification leads furthermore to the possibility of positioning the products. A positive positioning of the products, differentiating it from `waste`, is essential for the desired investments by market parties. In this paper new ideas and developments on the Dutch manure market are presented. A new technology (v. Aspert plant), including the marketing concept as the derivates produced are presented. A profile on a manure brokerage organisation (MBO) and, on last year founded, European Manure association (EMA) are added. (au)

  20. Actors and networks in resource conflict resolution under climate change in rural Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngaruiya, Grace W.; Scheffran, Jürgen

    2016-05-01

    The change from consensual decision-making arrangements into centralized hierarchical chieftaincy schemes through colonization disrupted many rural conflict resolution mechanisms in Africa. In addition, climate change impacts on land use have introduced additional socio-ecological factors that complicate rural conflict dynamics. Despite the current urgent need for conflict-sensitive adaptation, resolution efficiency of these fused rural institutions has hardly been documented. In this context, we analyse the Loitoktok network for implemented resource conflict resolution structures and identify potential actors to guide conflict-sensitive adaptation. This is based on social network data and processes that are collected using the saturation sampling technique to analyse mechanisms of brokerage. We find that there are three different forms of fused conflict resolution arrangements that integrate traditional institutions and private investors in the community. To effectively implement conflict-sensitive adaptation, we recommend the extension officers, the council of elders, local chiefs and private investors as potential conduits of knowledge in rural areas. In conclusion, efficiency of these fused conflict resolution institutions is aided by the presence of holistic resource management policies and diversification in conflict resolution actors and networks.

  1. The next generation of the ATLAS PanDA Monitoring System

    CERN Document Server

    Schovancova, J; The ATLAS collaboration; Klimentov, A; Love, P; Potekhin, M; Wenaus, T

    2014-01-01

    For many years the PanDA Workload Management System has been the basis for distributed production and analysis for the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. Since the start of data taking PanDA usage has ramped up steadily, with up to 1M completed jobs/day in 2013. The associated monitoring data volume has been rising as well, to levels that present a new set of challenges in the areas of database scalability and monitoring system performance and efficiency. Outside of ATLAS, the PanDA system is also being used in projects like AMS, LSST and a few others. It currently undergoes a significant redesign, both of the core server components responsible for workload management, brokerage and data access, and of the monitoring part, which is critically important for efficient execution of the workflow in a way that’s transparent to the user and also provides an effective set of tools for operational support. The new generation of the PanDA Monitoring Service is designed based on a proven, scalable, industry-standard Web Fr...

  2. Knowledge sharing and organizational learning in the context of hospital infection prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rangachari, Pavani

    2010-01-01

    Recently, hospitals that have been successful in preventing infections have labeled their improvement approaches as either the Toyota Production System (TPS) approach or the Positive Deviance (PD) approach. PD has been distinguished from TPS as being a bottom-up approach to improvement, as against top-down. Facilities that have employed both approaches have suggested that PD may be more effective than TPS for infection prevention. This article integrates organizational learning, institutional, and knowledge network theories to develop a theoretical framework for understanding the structure and evolution of effective knowledge-sharing networks in health care organizations, that is, networks most conducive to learning and improvement. Contrary to arguments put forth by hospital success stories, the framework suggests that networks rich in brokerage and hierarchy (ie, top-down, "TPS-like" structures) may be more effective for learning and improvement in health care organizations, compared with a networks rich in density (ie, bottom-up, "PD-like" structures). The theoretical framework and ensuing analysis help identify several gaps in the literature related to organization learning and improvement in the infection prevention context. This, in turn, helps put forth recommendations for health management research and practice.

  3. Do Nobel Laureates Create Prize-Winning Networks? An Analysis of Collaborative Research in Physiology or Medicine.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline S Wagner

    Full Text Available Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine who received the Prize between 1969 and 2011 are compared to a matched group of scientists to examine productivity, impact, coauthorship and international collaboration patterns embedded within research networks. After matching for research domain, h-index, and year of first of publication, we compare bibliometric statistics and network measures. We find that the Laureates produce fewer papers but with higher average citations. The Laureates also produce more sole-authored papers both before and after winning the Prize. The Laureates have a lower number of coauthors across their entire careers than the matched group, but are equally collaborative on average. Further, we find no differences in international collaboration patterns. The Laureates coauthor network reveals significant differences from the non-Laureate network. Laureates are more likely to build bridges across a network when measuring by average degree, density, modularity, and communities. Both the Laureate and non-Laureate networks have "small world" properties, but the Laureates appear to exploit "structural holes" by reaching across the network in a brokerage style that may add social capital to the network. The dynamic may be making the network itself highly attractive and selective. These findings suggest new insights into the role "star scientists" in social networks and the production of scientific discoveries.

  4. Do Nobel Laureates Create Prize-Winning Networks? An Analysis of Collaborative Research in Physiology or Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Caroline S; Horlings, Edwin; Whetsell, Travis A; Mattsson, Pauline; Nordqvist, Katarina

    2015-01-01

    Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine who received the Prize between 1969 and 2011 are compared to a matched group of scientists to examine productivity, impact, coauthorship and international collaboration patterns embedded within research networks. After matching for research domain, h-index, and year of first of publication, we compare bibliometric statistics and network measures. We find that the Laureates produce fewer papers but with higher average citations. The Laureates also produce more sole-authored papers both before and after winning the Prize. The Laureates have a lower number of coauthors across their entire careers than the matched group, but are equally collaborative on average. Further, we find no differences in international collaboration patterns. The Laureates coauthor network reveals significant differences from the non-Laureate network. Laureates are more likely to build bridges across a network when measuring by average degree, density, modularity, and communities. Both the Laureate and non-Laureate networks have "small world" properties, but the Laureates appear to exploit "structural holes" by reaching across the network in a brokerage style that may add social capital to the network. The dynamic may be making the network itself highly attractive and selective. These findings suggest new insights into the role "star scientists" in social networks and the production of scientific discoveries.

  5. Women and the Engineering Profession: the Stereotypical Engineer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cory, Suzanne N.; Rezaie, Bahman

    The paucity of female engineers has been a problem for years, and most universities suffer from a lack of women majoring in engineering. It is possible that the stereotypical image or perceived gender of engineers may deter young women from considering a career in the field. In order to determine whether 1st-year college students held perceptions regarding personality traits and probable gender of an engineer, a survey was developed based on the Personality Factor (PF) questionnaire originally developed by Cattell (1943). Results indicate that personality traits most often associated with engineers were primarily masculine. Also, engineers were most often expected to be male, especially by the females in this study. Perceived personality traits and the probable gender of engineers were compared to those of 5 other professions: accountants, lawyers, physicians, insurance broker/agents, and computer and information systems specialists. Several differences in perceived personality traits were found. In addition, engineers were perceived as more likely to be male than members of all of the other occupations studied except computer and information systems specialists. Possible approaches to begin altering young women's perceptions of personality traits and the probably gender of a stereotypical engineer are discussed.

  6. Unnormalized and normalized forms of gefura measures in directed and undirected networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Raf GUNS; Ronald ROUSSEAU

    2015-01-01

    In some networks nodes belong to predefined groups (e.g., authors belong to institutions). Common network cen-trality measures do not take this structure into account. Gefura measures are designed as indicators of a node’s brokerage role between such groups. They are defined as variants of betweenness centrality and consider to what extent a node belongs to shortest paths between nodes from different groups. In this article we make the following new contributions to their study: (1) We systematically study unnormalized gefura measures and show that, next to the ‘structural’ normalization that has hitherto been applied, a ‘basic’ normalization procedure is possible. While the former normalizes at the level of groups, the latter normal-izes at the level of nodes. (2) Treating undirected networks as equivalent to symmetric directed networks, we expand the defini-tion of gefura measures to the directed case. (3) It is shown how Brandes’ algorithm for betweenness centrality can be adjusted to cover these cases.

  7. Diversified Development of Commercial Bank Bill Business and Cross-border Innovation%商业银行票据业务多元化发展与跨界创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪武超; 曾一村

    2016-01-01

    At present, the traditional spread space and bill discount and rediscount business is smaller, but The New Normal creates an important opportunity for commercial bank's bill business diversification and cross-border innovation development. Commercial banks break through the limitation of the traditional paper business, introduce the cross-border thinking into the diversification and the transformation of the development process, and promote all-round development of proprietary trading, brokerage, investment banking, capital management and other different attributes of bill business, which is the key and the inherent requirement to enhance the core competitiveness of the business and get sustainable development.%当前,传统票据贴现、转贴现业务的利差空间越来越小,但新常态为商业银行票据业务多元化经营和跨界创新发展创造了重要机遇。商业银行突破传统票据业务的局限,将跨界思维融入多元化经营和转型发展过程中,全方位发展自营、经纪、投行、资管等不同属性的票据业务,是其提升业务核心竞争力、实现可持续发展的关键和内在要求。

  8. Improving ATLAS grid site reliability with functional tests using HammerCloud

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmsheuser, Johannes; Legger, Federica; Medrano Llamas, Ramon; Sciacca, Gianfranco; van der Ster, Dan

    2012-12-01

    With the exponential growth of LHC (Large Hadron Collider) data in 2011, and more coming in 2012, distributed computing has become the established way to analyse collider data. The ATLAS grid infrastructure includes almost 100 sites worldwide, ranging from large national computing centers to smaller university clusters. These facilities are used for data reconstruction and simulation, which are centrally managed by the ATLAS production system, and for distributed user analysis. To ensure the smooth operation of such a complex system, regular tests of all sites are necessary to validate the site capability of successfully executing user and production jobs. We report on the development, optimization and results of an automated functional testing suite using the HammerCloud framework. Functional tests are short lightweight applications covering typical user analysis and production schemes, which are periodically submitted to all ATLAS grid sites. Results from those tests are collected and used to evaluate site performances. Sites that fail or are unable to run the tests are automatically excluded from the PanDA brokerage system, therefore avoiding user or production jobs to be sent to problematic sites.

  9. Application of rule-based data mining techniques to real time ATLAS Grid job monitoring data

    CERN Document Server

    Ahrens, R; The ATLAS collaboration; Kalinin, S; Maettig, P; Sandhoff, M; dos Santos, T; Volkmer, F

    2012-01-01

    The Job Execution Monitor (JEM) is a job-centric grid job monitoring software developed at the University of Wuppertal and integrated into the pilot-based “PanDA” job brokerage system leveraging physics analysis and Monte Carlo event production for the ATLAS experiment on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG). With JEM, job progress and grid worker node health can be supervised in real time by users, site admins and shift personnel. Imminent error conditions can be detected early and countermeasures can be initiated by the Job’s owner immideatly. Grid site admins can access aggregated data of all monitored jobs to infer the site status and to detect job and Grid worker node misbehaviour. Shifters can use the same aggregated data to quickly react to site error conditions and broken production tasks. In this work, the application of novel data-centric rule based methods and data-mining techniques to the real time monitoring data is discussed. The usage of such automatic inference techniques on monitorin...

  10. Overview of ATLAS PanDA Workload Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maeno, T.; De, K.; Wenaus, T.; Nilsson, P.; Stewart, G. A.; Walker, R.; Stradling, A.; Caballero, J.; Potekhin, M.; Smith, D.; ATLAS Collaboration

    2011-12-01

    The Production and Distributed Analysis System (PanDA) plays a key role in the ATLAS distributed computing infrastructure. All ATLAS Monte-Carlo simulation and data reprocessing jobs pass through the PanDA system. We will describe how PanDA manages job execution on the grid using dynamic resource estimation and data replication together with intelligent brokerage in order to meet the scaling and automation requirements of ATLAS distributed computing. PanDA is also the primary ATLAS system for processing user and group analysis jobs, bringing further requirements for quick, flexible adaptation to the rapidly evolving analysis use cases of the early datataking phase, in addition to the high reliability, robustness and usability needed to provide efficient and transparent utilization of the grid for analysis users. We will describe how PanDA meets ATLAS requirements, the evolution of the system in light of operational experience, how the system has performed during the first LHC data-taking phase and plans for the future.

  11. Final report of the radiological release survey of Building 30B at the Grand Junction Office Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krauland, P.A.; Corle, S.G.

    1997-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Office (GJO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore concentrates and mill tailings during vanadium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District, and during sampling, assaying, pilot milling, storage, and brokerage activities conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission`s domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJO Remedial Action Project (GJORAP) to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and underlying aquifer. WASTREN-Grand Junction is the site contractor for the facility and the remedial action contractor for GJORAP. Building 30B and the underlying soil were found not to be radiologically contaminated; therefore, the building can be released for unrestricted use. Placards have been placed at the building entrances indicating the completion of the radiological release survey and prohibiting the introduction of any radioactive materials within the building without written approvals from the GJO Facilities Operations Manager. This document was prepared in response to a DOE-GJO request for an individual final release report for each GJO building.

  12. Final report of the radiological release survey of Building 19 at the Grand Junction Office Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, R.K.; Corle, S.G.

    1997-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Office (GJO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore concentrates and mill tailings during vanadium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District, and during sampling, assaying, pilot milling, storage, and brokerage activities conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission`s domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJO Remedial Action Project (GJORAP) to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and underlying aquifer. WASTREN-Grand Junction is the site contractor for the facility and the remedial action contractor for GJORAP. Building 19 and the underlying soil were found not to be radiologically contaminated; therefore, the building can be released for unrestricted use. Placards have been placed at the building entrances indicating the completion of the radiological release survey and prohibiting the introduction of any radioactive materials within the building without written approvals from the GJO Facilities Operations Manager. This document was prepared in response to a DOE-GJO request for an individual final release report for each GJO building.

  13. Final report of the radiological release survey of Building 54 at the Grand Junction Office Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, R.K.; Corle, S.G.

    1997-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Office (GJO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore concentrates and mill tailings during vanadium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District, and during sampling, assaying, pilot milling, storage, and brokerage activities conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission`s domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJO Remedial Action Project (GJORAP) to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and underlying aquifer. WASTREN-Grand Junction is the site contractor for the facility and the remedial action contractor for GJORAP. Building 54 and the underlying soil were found not to be radiologically contaminated, and can be released for unrestricted use. Placards have been placed at the building entrances indicating the completion of the radiological release survey and prohibiting the introduction of any radioactive materials within the building without written approvals from the GJO Facilities Operations Manager. This document was prepared in response to a DOE-GJO request for an individual release report for each GJO building.

  14. Final report of the radiological release survey of Building 11 at the Grand Junction Office Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, R.K.; Corle, S.G.

    1997-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Office (GJO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore concentrates and mill tailings during vanadium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District, and during sampling, assaying, pilot milling, storage, and brokerage activities conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission`s domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJO Remedial Action Project (GJORAP) to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and underlying aquifer. WASTREN-Grand Junction is the site contractor for the facility and the remedial action contractor for GJORAP. Building 11 and the underlying soil were found not to be radiologically contaminated; therefore, the building can be released for unrestricted use. Placards have been placed at the building entrances indicating the completion of the radiological release survey and prohibiting the introduction of any radioactive materials within the building without written approvals from the GJO Facilities Operations Manager. This document was prepared in response to a DOE-GJO request for an individual final release report for each GJO building.

  15. Final report of the radiological release survey of Building 29 at the Grand Junction Office Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, R.K.; Corle, S.G.

    1997-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction Office (GJO) occupies a 61.7-acre facility along the Gunnison River near Grand Junction, Colorado. This site was contaminated with uranium ore concentrates and mill tailing during vanadium refining activities of the Manhattan Engineer District, and during sampling, assaying, pilot milling, storage, and brokerage activities conducted for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission`s domestic uranium procurement program. The DOE Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program established the GJO Remedial Action Project (GJORAP) to clean up and restore the facility lands, improvements, and underlying aquifer. WASTREN-Grand Junction is the site contractor for the facility and the remedial action contractor for GJORAP. Building 29 and the underlying soil were found not to be radiologically contaminated; therefore, the building can be released for unrestricted use. Placards have been placed at the building entrances indicating the completion of the radiological release survey and prohibiting the introduction of any radioactive materials within the building without written approvals from the GJO Facilities Operations Manager. This document was prepared in response to a DOE-GJO request for an individual final release report for each GJO building.

  16. Nuclear Physicists in Finance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattoni, Carlo

    2017-01-01

    The financial services industry presents an interesting alternative career path for nuclear physicists. Careers in finance typically offer intellectual challenge, a fast pace, high caliber colleagues, merit-based compensation with substantial upside, and an opportunity to deploy skills learned as a physicist. Physicists are employed at a wide range of financial institutions on both the ``buy side'' (hedge fund managers, private equity managers, mutual fund managers, etc.) and the ``sell side'' (investment banks and brokerages). Historically, physicists in finance were primarily ``quants'' tasked with applying stochastic calculus to determine the price of financial derivatives. With the maturation of the field of derivative pricing, physicists in finance today find work in a variety of roles ranging from quantification and management of risk to investment analysis to development of sophisticated software used to price, trade, and risk manage securities. Only a small subset of today's finance careers for physicists require the use of advanced math and practically none provide an opportunity to tinker with an apparatus, yet most nevertheless draw on important skills honed during the training of a nuclear physicist. Intellectually rigorous critical thinking, sophisticated problem solving, an attention to minute detail and an ability to create and test hypotheses based on incomplete information are key to both disciplines.

  17. Market Watch

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Ladies and gentlemen, it’s 10.7 percent! All estimations, guesses and doubts came to a close after the National Bureau of Statistics issued the 2006 GDP growth rate.Backed by the booming domestic market, China Mobile has been fearless, determined even to buy a loss-generating Pakistani telecommunications company. Well, all our blessings.As domestic giants spare no effort to “go out,” foreign tycoons show their keen interest in “coming in.” Swiss company UBS AG has seen its dream come true in that it finally won approval from the government to provide comprehensive brokerage services to Chinese customers. Similarly, New York-based insurance company Marsh & McLennan Companies happily announced that it will become the first wholly foreign-owned insurance company operating in China.Meanwhile, there are a lot of mergers in China, but some messy divorces too. Look at this one. The seemingly happy merger ofChangjiang Securities and BNP Paribas broke up soon after their not-so-sweet honeymoon ended.In the transportation sector, Delta Air Lines Inc. is applying for adirect flight between Shanghai and Atlanta in an effort to tap into the vast potential of air services between the two countries.

  18. Hybridising Medicine: Illness, Healing and the Dynamics of Reciprocal Exchange on the Upper Guinea Coast (West Africa)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havik, Philip J.

    2016-01-01

    The present article seeks to fill a number of lacunae with regard to the study of the circulation and assimilation of different bodies of medical knowledge in an important cultural contact zone, that is the Upper Guinea Coast. Building upon ongoing research on trade and cultural brokerage in the area, it focuses upon shifting attitudes and practices with regard to health and healing as a result of cultural interaction and hybridisation against the background of growing intra-African and Afro-Atlantic interaction from the fifteenth to the late seventeenth century. Largely based upon travel accounts, missionary reports and documents produced by the Portuguese Inquisition, it shows how forms of medical knowledge shifted and circulated between littoral areas and their hinterland, as well as between the coast, the Atlantic and beyond. It shows that the changing patterns of trade, migration and settlement associated with Mandé influence and Afro-Atlantic exchange had a decisive impact on changing notions of illness and therapeutic trajectories. Over the centuries, cross-cultural, reciprocal borrowing contributed to the development of healing kits employed by Africans and non-African outsiders alike, which were used and brokered by local communities in different locations in the region. PMID:26971596

  19. The management of health care service quality. A physician perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobocea, L; Gheorghe, I R; Spiridon, St; Gheorghe, C M; Purcarea, V L

    2016-01-01

    Applying marketing in health care services is presently an essential element for every manager or policy maker. In order to be successful, a health care organization has to identify an accurate measurement scale for defining service quality due to competitive pressure and cost values. The most widely employed scale in the services sector is SERVQUAL scale. In spite of being successfully adopted in fields such as brokerage and banking, experts concluded that the SERVQUAL scale should be modified depending on the specific context. Moreover, the SERVQUAL scale focused on the consumer's perspective regarding service quality. While service quality was measured with the help of SERVQUAL scale, other experts identified a structure-process-outcome design, which, they thought, would be more suitable for health care services. This approach highlights a different perspective on investigating the service quality, namely, the physician's perspective. Further, we believe that the Seven Prong Model for Improving Service Quality has been adopted in order to effectively measure the health care service in a Romanian context from a physician's perspective.

  20. Application of the Golden Software Surfer mapping software for automation of visualisation of meteorological and oceanographic data in IMGW Maritime Branch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piliczewski, B.

    2003-04-01

    The Golden Software Surfer has been used in IMGW Maritime Branch for more than ten years. This tool provides ActiveX Automation objects, which allow scripts to control practically every feature of Surfer. These objects can be accessed from any Automation-enabled environment, such as Visual Basic or Excel. Several applications based on Surfer has been developed in IMGW. The first example is an on-line oceanographic service, which presents forecasts of the water temperature, sea level and currents originating from the HIROMB model and is automatically updated every day. Surfer was also utilised in MERMAID, an international project supported by EC under the 5th Framework Programme. The main aim of this project was to create a prototype of the Internet-based data brokerage system, which would enable to search, extract, buy and download datasets containing meteorological or oceanographic data. During the project IMGW developed an online application, called Mermaid Viewer, which enables communication with the data broker and automatic visualisation of the downloaded data using Surfer. Both the above mentioned applications were developed in Visual Basic. Currently it is considered to adopt Surfer for the monitoring service, which provides access to the data collected in the monitoring of the Baltic Sea environment.

  1. Hybridising Medicine: Illness, Healing and the Dynamics of Reciprocal Exchange on the Upper Guinea Coast (West Africa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havik, Philip J

    2016-04-01

    The present article seeks to fill a number of lacunae with regard to the study of the circulation and assimilation of different bodies of medical knowledge in an important cultural contact zone, that is the Upper Guinea Coast. Building upon ongoing research on trade and cultural brokerage in the area, it focuses upon shifting attitudes and practices with regard to health and healing as a result of cultural interaction and hybridisation against the background of growing intra-African and Afro-Atlantic interaction from the fifteenth to the late seventeenth century. Largely based upon travel accounts, missionary reports and documents produced by the Portuguese Inquisition, it shows how forms of medical knowledge shifted and circulated between littoral areas and their hinterland, as well as between the coast, the Atlantic and beyond. It shows that the changing patterns of trade, migration and settlement associated with Mandé influence and Afro-Atlantic exchange had a decisive impact on changing notions of illness and therapeutic trajectories. Over the centuries, cross-cultural, reciprocal borrowing contributed to the development of healing kits employed by Africans and non-African outsiders alike, which were used and brokered by local communities in different locations in the region.

  2. 分析师特征、市场状态与股价信息含量%Analyst Characteristics,Market Feature,and Stock Price Informativeness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴偎立; 张峥; 彭伊立

    2015-01-01

    研究了我国卖方证券分析师在传递公司特质信息和提升市场信息效率方面所发挥的作用。研究发现:第一,股价信息含量存在不随时间变化的公司个体固定效应,在控制该效应之后,分析师跟进行为可以提高股价信息含量;第二,供职于较大规模券商、从业经验较多、努力程度较高的分析师能够向市场传递公司特质信息,而供职于较小规模券商、从业经验较少、努力程度较低的分析师只能向市场传递市场和行业层面的信息;第三,在不同市场行情中市场信息传递机制存在差异,在牛市中分析师跟进行为可以提高股价信息含量,在熊市中该作用会减弱。研究结果总体上支持我国卖方证券分析师对证券市场信息效率的积极影响。%This paper studies Chinese securities analysts'contributions to the information efficiency of the securities market,using the data of Chinese stock market from 2005 to 201 2.Based on Chan and Hameed's (2006)study,we improve their model,and consider the individual effect of each company,which makes our research more robust and reasonable.We find a completely opposite result:se-curities analysts in China make a positive contribution to the information efficiency of the securities market,and the information they provide is mostly firm -specific level.We further use VAR model as robust check,and results from which also support the former con-clusion.Then,we further extend Chan and Hameed's (2006)study by considering the impact of analysts'experience,analysts'effort, sizes of brokerage houses and market trends.We find that the analysts with more experience,making more effort or working in larger brokerage can produce more firm -specific information,and during the bull phrases,analysts may make a more significant contribution to the information efficiency of the securities market.

  3. 分析师利益冲突、乐观偏差与股价崩盘风险%Conflicts of Interest, Analyst Optimism and Stock Price Crash Risk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许年行; 江轩宇; 伊志宏; 徐信息

    2012-01-01

    “股价崩盘风险”是当前金融危机背景下财务学的一个研究热点。本文使用2003—2010年中国A股上市公司的数据,研究分析师乐观偏差是否影响上市公司股价崩盘风险,并考察分析师面临的“利益冲突”是否会加剧乐观偏差对股价崩盘风险的影响。研究发现:(1)分析师乐观偏差与上市公司未来股价崩盘风险之间显著正相关.且此关系在“牛市”更为显著;(2)机构投资者持股比例越高,机构投资者数量越多,公司存在再融资行为,以及来自前五大佣金收入券商的分析师比例越高,分析师乐观偏差与崩盘风险之间的正向关系就更为显著,说明“利益冲突”会加剧两者的关系。本文的研究对于全面认识分析师在资本市场中的作用,以及如何降低我国股价崩盘风险、促进股市平稳发展具有重要的理论和现实意义。%Stock price crash risk is a hot issue in finance research. Using a sample of A-share listed firms in China for the period 2003-2010, this paper investigates the relationship between analyst optimism and stock price crash risk at firm level, and how conflicts of interest affect this relationship. We provide strong evidence that analyst optimism is positively associated with stock price crash risk. And, this relation is more pronounced in the bull market. Moreover, Results show that the impact of analyst optimism on crash risk is more pronounced when institutional ownership is higher, the number of institutional investors is larger, there is seasoned equity offering and debt issuing, and the ratio of analysts from brokerage firms with high brokerage commissions is higher. These results indicate that conflicts of interest in sell-side research do affect this relation. Our paper contributes to the literature on stock price crash risk, and has important implications for our understanding the role of analysts and the development of capital

  4. An Empirical Study of Institutional Investors and Analyst Conflicts of Interest%机构投资者与分析师利益冲突实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭建文; 郭茜

    2015-01-01

    As intermediaries of stock market, analysts should take an independent position when they issue investment ratings and earnings forecasts. However, subject to brokerage firms, the analysts tend to publish optimistically biased investment advice due to conflicts of interest. From the perspective of empirical analysis, contradiction exists between year-end investment ratings and earnings forecasts. Statistical analysis verifies the drastic abnormality in the recommendations of the listed firms heavily held by fund, compared with the others. This paper proves that the pressure from institutional investors is a major contributor to analysts' conflicts of interest, which constitute empirical evidence for regulating domestic securities industry.%作为证券市场的中介方,分析师做投资评级和盈利预测时应有独立客观的立场,但隶属于券商的分析师可能因利益冲突而发布具有乐观倾向的投资建议。从实证分析的角度看,分析师在年末所做的投资评级和盈利预测之间存在矛盾,验证了基金重仓股相比非基金重仓股存在显著的年末异象。统计分析证明:机构投资者的压力是分析师利益冲突的重要影响因素,这为规范国内证券行业提供了实证支持。

  5. Managing the effects of multiple stressors on aquatic ecosystems under water scarcity. The GLOBAQUA project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro-Ortega, Alícia; Acuña, Vicenç; Bellin, Alberto; Burek, Peter; Cassiani, Giorgio; Choukr-Allah, Redouane; Dolédec, Sylvain; Elosegi, Arturo; Ferrari, Federico; Ginebreda, Antoni; Grathwohl, Peter; Jones, Colin; Rault, Philippe Ker; Kok, Kasper; Koundouri, Phoebe; Ludwig, Ralf Peter; Merz, Ralf; Milacic, Radmila; Muñoz, Isabel; Nikulin, Grigory; Paniconi, Claudio; Paunović, Momir; Petrovic, Mira; Sabater, Laia; Sabaterb, Sergi; Skoulikidis, Nikolaos Th.; Slob, Adriaan; Teutsch, Georg; Voulvoulis, Nikolaos; Barceló, Damià

    2015-01-01

    Water scarcity is a serious environmental problem in many European regions, and will likely increase in the near future as a consequence of increased abstraction and climate change. Water scarcity exacerbates the effects of multiple stressors, and thus results in decreased water quality. It impacts river ecosystems, threatens the services they provide, and it will force managers and policy-makers to change their current practices. The EU-FP7 project GLOBAQUA aims at identifying the prevalence, interaction and linkages between stressors, and to assess their effects on the chemical and ecological status of freshwater ecosystems in order to improve water management practice and policies. GLOBAQUA assembles a multidisciplinary team of 21 European plus 2 non-European scientific institutions, as well as water authorities and river basin managers. The project includes experts in hydrology, chemistry, biology, geomorphology, modelling, socio-economics, governance science, knowledge brokerage, and policy advocacy. GLOBAQUA studies six river basins (Ebro, Adige, Sava, Evrotas, Anglian and Souss Massa) affected by water scarcity, and aims to answer the following questions: how does water scarcity interact with other existing stressors in the study river basins? How will these interactions change according to the different scenarios of future global change? Which will be the foreseeable consequences for river ecosystems? How will these in turn affect the services the ecosystems provide? How should management and policies be adapted to minimise the ecological, economic and societal consequences? These questions will be approached by combining data-mining, field- and laboratory-based research, and modelling. Here, we outline the general structure of the project and the activities to be conducted within the fourteen work-packages of GLOBAQUA. PMID:25005236

  6. Hierarchical sequencing of online social graphs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andjelković, Miroslav; Tadić, Bosiljka; Maletić, Slobodan; Rajković, Milan

    2015-10-01

    In online communications, patterns of conduct of individual actors and use of emotions in the process can lead to a complex social graph exhibiting multilayered structure and mesoscopic communities. Using simplicial complexes representation of graphs, we investigate in-depth topology of the online social network constructed from MySpace dialogs which exhibits original community structure. A simulation of emotion spreading in this network leads to the identification of two emotion-propagating layers. Three topological measures are introduced, referred to as the structure vectors, which quantify graph's architecture at different dimension levels. Notably, structures emerging through shared links, triangles and tetrahedral faces, frequently occur and range from tree-like to maximal 5-cliques and their respective complexes. On the other hand, the structures which spread only negative or only positive emotion messages appear to have much simpler topology consisting of links and triangles. The node's structure vector represents the number of simplices at each topology level in which the node resides and the total number of such simplices determines what we define as the node's topological dimension. The presented results suggest that the node's topological dimension provides a suitable measure of the social capital which measures the actor's ability to act as a broker in compact communities, the so called Simmelian brokerage. We also generalize the results to a wider class of computer-generated networks. Investigating components of the node's vector over network layers reveals that same nodes develop different socio-emotional relations and that the influential nodes build social capital by combining their connections in different layers.

  7. E-CITY KNOWWARE: KNOWLEDGE MIDDLEWARE FOR COORDINATED MANAGEMENT OF SUSTAINABLE CITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamer E. El-Diraby

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The realization of e-city is a necessary component for achieving the green city. This paper outlines a vision for an e-city platform that is based on knowledge brokerage in the green city. The proposed platform will be a venue for creating dynamic virtual organizations to harness collective intelligence of knowledge hubs to analyze and manage sustainability knowledge in urban areas. Knowledge assets of participating organizations will be presented in three dimensions: process structures, human profile and software systems. These three facets of knowledge will be accessible and viewable through a self-describing mechanism. Cities can post their geospatial and real-time data on the net. Relevant environmental and energy-use data will be extracted using topic maps and data extraction services. Local decision makers can synchronize work processes (from participating hubs to create an integrated workflow for a new ad hoc virtual organization to collaboratively analyze the multifaceted nature of sustainable decision making. An e-city platform is envisioned in this paper that will be realized through intelligent, agent-like, domain-specific middleware (KnowWare. Through triangulation between people, software and processes, these KnowWare will discover, negotiate, integrate, reason and communicate knowledge (related to energy and environment from across organizations to the right person at the right time. KnowWare is fundamentally, a portal of social semantic services that resides on a cloud computing infrastructure. Knowware exploits thee main tools: 1 existing ontologies to represent knowledge in a semantic manner, 2 topic maps to profile sources of knowledge and match these to the complex needs of sustainability analysis, 3 domain-specific middleware for knowledge integration and reasoning.

  8. Managing the effects of multiple stressors on aquatic ecosystems under water scarcity. The GLOBAQUA project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro-Ortega, Alícia; Acuña, Vicenç; Bellin, Alberto; Burek, Peter; Cassiani, Giorgio; Choukr-Allah, Redouane; Dolédec, Sylvain; Elosegi, Arturo; Ferrari, Federico; Ginebreda, Antoni; Grathwohl, Peter; Jones, Colin; Rault, Philippe Ker; Kok, Kasper; Koundouri, Phoebe; Ludwig, Ralf Peter; Merz, Ralf; Milacic, Radmila; Muñoz, Isabel; Nikulin, Grigory; Paniconi, Claudio; Paunović, Momir; Petrovic, Mira; Sabater, Laia; Sabaterb, Sergi; Skoulikidis, Nikolaos Th; Slob, Adriaan; Teutsch, Georg; Voulvoulis, Nikolaos; Barceló, Damià

    2015-01-15

    Water scarcity is a serious environmental problem in many European regions, and will likely increase in the near future as a consequence of increased abstraction and climate change. Water scarcity exacerbates the effects of multiple stressors, and thus results in decreased water quality. It impacts river ecosystems, threatens the services they provide, and it will force managers and policy-makers to change their current practices. The EU-FP7 project GLOBAQUA aims at identifying the prevalence, interaction and linkages between stressors, and to assess their effects on the chemical and ecological status of freshwater ecosystems in order to improve water management practice and policies. GLOBAQUA assembles a multidisciplinary team of 21 European plus 2 non-European scientific institutions, as well as water authorities and river basin managers. The project includes experts in hydrology, chemistry, biology, geomorphology, modelling, socio-economics, governance science, knowledge brokerage, and policy advocacy. GLOBAQUA studies six river basins (Ebro, Adige, Sava, Evrotas, Anglian and Souss Massa) affected by water scarcity, and aims to answer the following questions: how does water scarcity interact with other existing stressors in the study river basins? How will these interactions change according to the different scenarios of future global change? Which will be the foreseeable consequences for river ecosystems? How will these in turn affect the services the ecosystems provide? How should management and policies be adapted to minimise the ecological, economic and societal consequences? These questions will be approached by combining data-mining, field- and laboratory-based research, and modelling. Here, we outline the general structure of the project and the activities to be conducted within the fourteen work-packages of GLOBAQUA.

  9. Syndication of the earth system: the future of geoscience?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elliott, Scott M.; Hanson, Howard P

    2003-10-01

    Current global change policy debate reverberates around the polarized extremes of civilization-level cooperation through treaties as a mitigation tactic, on the one hand, and a wait-and-see approach that may lead to a climatic tragedy of the commons, on the other. Meanwhile, energy technology research is rapidly generating a perception that it will be possible to tune the earth system via carbon sequestration and other types of biogeochemical engineering. The consequences of this potential for planetary management, based on provincial self-interest, include the transition of the earth sciences into a security industry involving proprietary scientific knowledge bases of biogeochemical cycling and the evolution of a climate-design brokerage dominated by military/industrial interests. As the dominant political powers perceive the potential for planetary engineering and consider implementation, the global economy will adjust to exploit new opportunities, perceptions of which will be determined by the quality of system simulations. The growth of a viable international climate-design community will profoundly influence the trajectory of the earth system by providing either the illusion or the reality of predictability. Although this process will be chaotic at first, the probability of stabilization will ultimately be enhanced because the vast resources of the military/industrial sector will become involved. These concepts are disturbingly familiar in that they acknowledge the pervasion of competition and conflict in human technological affairs. However, they are consistent with approaches used in thermodynamics, ecological energetics, behavioral evolution, economics, and interdisciplinary climate science to describe collectively the evolution of the earth system. This paper argues that the perception that the climate can be regulated inexpensively will create an economic driving force for international cartel-style management of the total earth system. That is, the earth

  10. 基于动态分类器集成选择的不完整数据客户分类方法实证研究%An Empirical Research on Customer Classification Method Based on Dynamic Ensemble Selection for Incomplete Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婷婷; 贺昌政; 肖进

    2012-01-01

    Classification is an important method and technique in decision making and data mining.As the actual customer data sets are often incomplete,and therefore the study of customer classification method for incomplete data is of great significance.This paper analyses traditional methods of processing incomplete data for classification and proposes a new customer classification method based on dynamic ensemble selection for incomplete data:DCES-ID,and the new algorithm is used to brokerages customer classification.The results indicate that the DCES-ID algorithm may be more useful for customer classification because it provides higher classification accuracy and stability than the other five kinds of classification algorithm.The advantage of the new ones is proved through theoretical analysis and demonstration.%在管理决策的制定中,分类已经成为一种十分重要的方法和技术。由于现实客户数据常常是不完整的,因此,研究不完整数据的客户分类问题具有重要意义。通过分析以往分类过程中对不完整数据的处理方法,提出了一种基于动态分类器集成选择的不完整数据分类方法DCES-ID。分别在UCI客户分类数据集以及某券商客户数据集上进行分类的实验和实证分析。结果表明,与已有的6种分类算法相比,DCES-ID算法具有更高的分类准确性及稳定性,能够更有效地进行客户分类。

  11. Does Framing Effect Exist in Chinese Individual Investors?%中国个体投资者存在框架效应吗?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨元宗; 王强松

    2011-01-01

    The narrow framing effect has played an increasingly important role for individual investors in their investment decisions, but related empirical tests in China have rarely been found. This paper has done an empirical test on this effect. Based on the data of individual investors trading in a discount brokerage in Nanjing, this paper uses Kumar and Lim (2006) Model. We established a cross-sectional regression model to do empirical research on narrow framing effect of individual investors in China so that we were able to do robustness test about it. The results indicate that individual investors in China are remarkably affected by narrow framing effect and the level of individual investors affected by narrow framing effect are mainly affected by the level of trading size, the level of the portfolio size, the number of stocks in the portfolio and trades per year.%框架效应对投资者投资决策产生日益重要的影响,但是目前国内相关的实证研究还很少见到,本文对其进行实证检验。本文借鉴Kumar和Lim(2006)的指标,基于中国某证券营业部的个体投资者的交易数据,构建横截面模型对中国市场个体投资者的框架效应进行实证检验,之后对其进行稳健性检验。研究发现中国个体投资者显著地受到框架效应的影响。框架效应影响程度主要受组合规模、交易规模、组合中的股票数目和年交易次数的影响。

  12. Conservation and adaptation to climate change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooke, Cassandra

    2008-12-01

    The need to adapt to climate change has become increasingly apparent, and many believe the practice of biodiversity conservation will need to alter to face this challenge. Conservation organizations are eager to determine how they should adapt their practices to climate change. This involves asking the fundamental question of what adaptation to climate change means. Most studies on climate change and conservation, if they consider adaptation at all, assume it is equivalent to the ability of species to adapt naturally to climate change as stated in Article 2 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Adaptation, however, can refer to an array of activities that range from natural adaptation, at one end of the spectrum, to sustainability science in coupled human and natural systems at the other. Most conservation organizations deal with complex systems in which adaptation to climate change involves making decisions on priorities for biodiversity conservation in the face of dynamic risks and involving the public in these decisions. Discursive methods such as analytic deliberation are useful for integrating scientific knowledge with public perceptions and values, particularly when large uncertainties and risks are involved. The use of scenarios in conservation planning is a useful way to build shared understanding at the science-policy interface. Similarly, boundary organizations-organizations or institutions that bridge different scales or mediate the relationship between science and policy-could prove useful for managing the transdisciplinary nature of adaptation to climate change, providing communication and brokerage services and helping to build adaptive capacity. The fact that some nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are active across the areas of science, policy, and practice makes them well placed to fulfill this role in integrated assessments of biodiversity conservation and adaptation to climate change.

  13. Zero defections: quality comes to services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichheld, F F; Sasser, W E

    1990-01-01

    Companies that want to improve their service quality should take a cue from manufacturing and focus on their own kind of scrap heap: customers who won't come back. Because that scrap heap can be every bit as costly as broken parts and misfit components, service company managers should strive to reduce it. They should aim for "zero defections"--keeping every customer they can profitably serve. As companies reduce customer defection rates, amazing things happen to their financials. Although the magnitude of the change varies by company and industry, the pattern holds: profits rise sharply. Reducing the defection rate just 5% generates 85% more profits in one bank's branch system, 50% more in an insurance brokerage, and 30% more in an auto-service chain. And when MBNA America, a Delaware-based credit card company, cut its 10% defection rate in half, profits rose a whopping 125%. But defection rates are not just a measure of service quality; they are also a guide for achieving it. By listening to the reasons why customers defect, managers learn exactly where the company is falling short and where to direct their resources. Staples, the stationery supplies retailer, uses feedback from customers to pinpoint products that are priced too high. That way, the company avoids expensive broad-brush promotions that pitch everything to everyone. Like any important change, managing for zero defections requires training and reinforcement. Great-West Life Assurance Company pays a 50% premium to group health-insurance brokers that hit customer-retention targets, and MBNA America gives bonuses to departments that hit theirs.

  14. A Voice of the US Southwestern Border: The 2012 “We the Border: Envisioning a Narrative for Our Future” Conference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiah McC. Heyman

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available In July 2012, a diverse group of US residents living near the US-Mexico border met in El Paso, Texas for a conference entitled, We the Border: Envisioning a Narrative for Our Future.  This paper describes a vision for the US-Mexico border by diverse border residents that is at odds with the widespread view of the border as a threat to the United States. These border residents viewed their region as a set of human communities with rights, capacities, and valuable insights and knowledge. They embraced an alternative vision of border enforcement that would focus on “quality” (dangerous entrants and contraband over “quantity” (mass migration enforcement.  They called for investments in the functionality and security of ports of entry, rather than in between ports of entry.  They noted the low crime rate in US border cities, and examined how policies of not mixing local law enforcement with federal immigration enforcement contributed to this achievement. They saw the border region as the key transportation and brokerage zone of the emerging, integrated North American economy. In their view, the bilingual, bicultural, and binational skills that characterize border residents form part of a wider border culture that embraces diversity and engenders creativity. Under this vision the border region is not an empty enforcement zone, but is part of the national community and its residents should enjoy the same constitutional and human rights as other US residents. The conference participants emphasized the necessity and value of accountability and oversight of central government enforcement operations, and the need for border communities to participate in federal decision-making that affects their lives. 

  15. THE PLACE OF THE EMERGING ECONOMY OF ROMANIA INSIDE THE EUROPEAN UNION ECONOMIES IN TERMS OF FTSE CRITERIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mardiros Daniela-Neonila

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The importance of this research lies from the need to know the economies developed, emerging and frontier of the European Union and the mode of their manifestation according to the market indicators. Consequently, we had in mind a presentation of the economies in the categories mentioned above framed in terms of market criteria used by FTSE Group, a provider of stock market indices and associated data services. Using data from a series of reports published by FTSE we made an analysis of how each of the considered economies and in particular Romania, acts according of these. Was taken into consideration criteria as: market and regulatory environment (formal stock market regulatory authorities actively monitor market; fair and non-prejudicial treatment of minority shareholders; non or selective incidence of foreign ownership restrictions; free and well-developed equity market; no objections or significant restrictions or penalties applied on the repatriation of capital; free and well-developed foreign exchange market; non or simple registration process for foreign investors; custody and settlement (settlement-rare incidence of failed trades; custody-sufficient competition to ensure high quality custodian services; clearing and settlement; stock lending permitted; settlement-free delivery available; custody-omnibus account facilities available to international investors; dealing landscape (brokerage-sufficient competition to ensure high quality broker services; liquidity-sufficient broad market liquidity to support sizeable global investment; transaction costs-implicit and explicit costs to be reasonable and competitive; short sales permitted; off-exchange transactions permitted; efficient trading mechanism; transparency; derivates (developed derivatives market. The final part of the paper is reserved to the understanding of the mode in which each of the considered economies of the European Union, including Romania and regardless of what category

  16. Innovations in marketing of deposit services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.A. Vasylieva

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is recent studies of global trends in marketing of innovative deposit services. The results of the analysis. Summing up the general, it should be noted that, according to our goal, we systematized the theoretical basis of innovation in marketing services and deposit rated their performance justified the specific marketing innovation support domestic banks in the deposit market. Conclusions and directions of further researches. Deposit market is an important resource base for the banking sector of any country. Increased competition there between financial institutions in the post-crisis period is an incentive to find and implement various marketing innovation in deposit services that would help attract additional financial resources. Today, many analysts have focused on the fact that any further activities on the deposit market, including marketing, must take account of three important factors: 1. «Online competition». In this case it means the access to the financial market in order to attract temporarily free funds of non-banking institutions (insurance brokerage companies, world leaders providing IT services. These institutions are deploying a fierce fight for every customer, using global information space – the Internet. Given all modern premise, it planned to expand the presence of such companies in the online space with lucrative offers favorable interest rates on deposits with new loyalty programs relative to individual customer needs. 2. Shortage of alternatives to ensure liquidity. Since banks are limited in their ability to write off loans from their balance through exercise securitization and financing transactions in the wholesale financial markets, as they continue to feel the need to attract customer funds. This, in turn, will contribute to increased competition in the struggle for each new customer and promote the development of innovation in marketing deposit services. 3. Presence of non-national sources

  17. 母国网络位置、市场环境动态性与本土企业国际化程度%Home Country Network Location、Dynamic Market Environment and the Internationalization Degree of Chinese Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓波; 程晓鑫; 卢静

    2014-01-01

    近年来,中国企业的国际化进程不断加快,而中国企业的国际化很大程度上受母国企业网络的影响。本文着眼于母国网络对本土企业国际化程度的影响机制,主要关注不同网络位置模式和企业国际化程度之间的关系,并进一步探究了市场环境动态性对网络位置影响的调节作用。本研究通过问卷获得了194家企业的数据,据此进行实证分析,得出以下研究结论:(1)网络中心位置对企业国际化程度有正向影响,网络中介位置对企业国际化程度有负向影响;(2)市场环境动态性削弱了中介位置对企业国际化程度的负向影响,但却没有显著改变中心位置对企业国际化程度的正向影响。%In recent years , the process of internationalization of Chinese enterprises is accelerating and the internationalization of Chinese enterprises is largely affected by the home country corporate network. This article focuses on the impact mechanism of the home country network on the internationalization degree of Chinese enterprises, mainly looks at the relationship between network location mode and internationalization degree, and further explores the impacts of dynamic market environment on network location. In this study, we received the data of 194 companies, after empirical analysis, we conclude that: (1) the central position in network has a positive effect on the degree of internationalization, while the brokerage position in network has a negative impact on the degree of internationalization (2) Dynamic market environment weakened the negative effect of intermediary position on the degree of internationalization, but not significantly change the positive influence of central position on the degree of internationalization.

  18. Qué hace el cuidador familiar en el hospital: Cómo se ve a sí mismo y cómo lo ven los profesionales The role of the family caregivers in the hospital: Their self-concept and how they are seen by health professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Villar Dávila

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Los cuidadores familiares han sido ampliamente estudiados en el ámbito domiciliario y de la atención primaria pero prácticamente no existen estudios que incidan sobre su realidad dentro de los hospitales. Con un enfoque cuantitativo y diseño descriptivo transversal mediante el uso de cuestionarios validados al efecto realizado a familiares que cuidan a ancianos ingresados en los hospitales se conoce el perfil de los mismos, qué actividades realizan y qué valoración hacen de ellos los profesionales de enfermería. Como conclusiones principales destacar: a Las principales actividades del cuidador familiar en el hospital son de acompañamiento, entretenimiento, soporte emocional e intermediación. b El desconocimiento de la actividad inhiben al cuidador familiar a realizar más actividades. c Si se educa y entrena al cuidador familiar en las actividades de cuidado, se harán más. d Los profesionales desconocen lo que los familiares dicen que hacen. No consideran que muchas de las acciones del cuidador sean realmente cuidados. Creen que los cuidadores familiares no ayudan tanto como ellos esperan al cuidado básico de los ancianos ingresados.Family caregivers have been widely studied in the home and primary care but virtually do no exits studies which influence the reality in hospitals. With a quantitative approach and cross-sectional design using questionnaires validated for that purpose made to relatives who care for elderly people in hospitals is called the profile them, what activities do and what makes them value the nurses. As main findings include: a The main activities of family caregivers in the hospital are accompanying, entertainment, emotional support and brokerage. b Lack of activity inhibit the family caregiver to be more active. c If you educate and train the family caregiver in activities of care, will be more. d Professionals know what family members say they do. Do not think that many of the actions of the caregiver are

  19. 资产证券化条件下信托业的机遇和对策%Opportunities and Strategies Conditions under Asset Securitization Trust Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王婷婷; 张欢

    2016-01-01

    近些年,随着利率市场化步伐的不断加快,信托业传统的依靠高收益形成的竞争优势不再明显,其发展面临严峻挑战,核心业务缺乏、产品流动性差、竞争激烈等一系列问题突出,信托公司的转型日益紧迫.资产证券化是近半个世纪以来发展最迅速的金融创新之一,对于盘活存量资金意义重大,我国商业银行、券商已经纷纷开展资产证券化业务.资产证券化中风险隔离和资产独立制度和信托财产的独立性十分契合,为信托业开辟新的发展渠道提供了机遇.我国资产证券化虽然起步较晚,但是市场潜力巨大,信托公司应抓住资产证券化浪潮机遇,主动应对,形成核心竞争力,实现发展模式转型升级.%In recent years, as interest rates continue to accelerate the pace of market, trust industry rely on the traditional form of high-yield competitive advantage is no longer obvious, its development faces severe challenges, the lack of core business, illiquid products, intense competition and a series of issues outstanding transition trust increasingly urgent. Asset securitization is one of the financial innovations of nearly 50 years, the most rapid development, revitalize the stock funds is of great significance, banks, brokerages have launched asset securitization business. Independence of trust assets and asset securitization and asset independent risk isolation system is very fit, for the transformation of the trust industry provided an opportunity. Asset Securitization in China despite a late start, but the market potential is huge, trust companies can take advantage of their strengths, to seize the opportunities the wave of asset securitization, active response, formed the core competitiveness and achieve development mode transformation and upgrading.

  20. 多层次市场中场外CDS工具发展与监管

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘峰; 何荣天; 余建军

    2012-01-01

    Securities companies have to deal with many difficult issues arise from credit, market rules, financier and investor in their daily operating activities. The credit risk, which is hard to be transferred and distributed, becomes the most feasible obstacle for the construction of the multi-level capital market and the development of the credit debt market. Based on the analyses of the existing credit risk mitigation tools, brokerage firms try to build an integrated system including admission, market making, risk management, accounting, product lines, pricing and regulation, in order to prepare the related business. The CDS can not be replaced by any other derivatives. Its market evolved to one of the fundamental functional components in the developed countries and can be compared with the equity/debt market. To absolutely refuse the developing the CDS business is not a wise choice at the context of developing multi-level capital market in China.%券商经营活动中,在信用、市场规则、融资者与投资者等议题上面临特殊困境,核心体现在多层次资本市场建设的重要环节之一:即信用风险转移和分散功能难以实现,信用债券市场发展迟缓。基于对已有信用风险缓释工具现状的分析,券商从实务角度出发构建了涉及场外cDs业务市场准入、做市商交易、风险控制、会计、产品线、定价和业务监管等一系列制度。cDs具有不可替代的功能,并在海外成熟的多层次资本市场中与场内股票、债券交易一并构成基础性市场。盲目对cDs的抵触对我国多层次资本市场建设并无益处。

  1. Risk communication and informed consent in the medical tourism industry: A thematic content analysis of canadian broker websites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crooks Valorie A

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Medical tourism, thought of as patients seeking non-emergency medical care outside of their home countries, is a growing industry worldwide. Canadians are amongst those engaging in medical tourism, and many are helped in the process of accessing care abroad by medical tourism brokers - agents who specialize in making international medical care arrangements for patients. As a key source of information for these patients, brokers are likely to play an important role in communicating the risks and benefits of undergoing surgery or other procedures abroad to their clientele. This raises important ethical concerns regarding processes such as informed consent and the liability of brokers in the event that complications arise from procedures. The purpose of this article is to examine the language, information, and online marketing of Canadian medical tourism brokers' websites in light of such ethical concerns. Methods An exhaustive online search using multiple search engines and keywords was performed to compile a comprehensive directory of English-language Canadian medical tourism brokerage websites. These websites were examined using thematic content analysis, which included identifying informational themes, generating frequency counts of these themes, and comparing trends in these counts to the established literature. Results Seventeen websites were identified for inclusion in this study. It was found that Canadian medical tourism broker websites varied widely in scope, content, professionalism and depth of information. Three themes emerged from the thematic content analysis: training and accreditation, risk communication, and business dimensions. Third party accreditation bodies of debatable regulatory value were regularly mentioned on the reviewed websites, and discussion of surgical risk was absent on 47% of the websites reviewed, with limited discussion of risk on the remaining ones. Terminology describing brokers' roles was

  2. Pathways for Disposal of Commercially-Generated Tritiated Waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halverson, Nancy V. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL). Environmental Sciences and Biotechnology

    2016-09-26

    From a waste disposal standpoint, tritium is a major challenge. Because it behaves like hydrogen, tritium exchanges readily with hydrogen in the ground water and moves easily through the ground. Land disposal sites must control the tritium activity and mobility of incoming wastes to protect human health and the environment. Consequently, disposal of tritiated low-level wastes is highly regulated and disposal options are limited. The United States has had eight operating commercial facilities licensed for low-level radioactive waste disposal, only four of which are currently receiving waste. Each of these is licensed and regulated by its state. Only two of these sites accept waste from states outside of their specified regional compact. For waste streams that cannot be disposed directly at one of the four active commercial low-level waste disposal facilities, processing facilities offer various forms of tritiated low-level waste processing and treatment, and then transport and dispose of the residuals at a disposal facility. These processing facilities may remove and recycle tritium, reduce waste volume, solidify liquid waste, remove hazardous constituents, or perform a number of additional treatments. Waste brokers also offer many low-level and mixed waste management and transportation services. These services can be especially helpful for small quantity tritiated-waste generators, such as universities, research institutions, medical facilities, and some industries. The information contained in this report covers general capabilities and requirements for the various disposal/processing facilities and brokerage companies, but is not considered exhaustive. Typically each facility has extensive waste acceptance criteria and will require a generator to thoroughly characterize their wastes. Then a contractual agreement between the waste generator and the disposal/ processing/broker entity must be in place before waste is accepted. Costs for tritiated waste

  3. Pathways for Disposal of Commercially-Generated Tritiated Waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halverson, Nancy V. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL). Environmental Sciences and Biotechnology

    2016-09-26

    From a waste disposal standpoint, tritium is a major challenge. Because it behaves like hydrogen, tritium exchanges readily with hydrogen in the ground water and moves easily through the ground. Land disposal sites must control the tritium activity and mobility of incoming wastes to protect human health and the environment. Consequently, disposal of tritiated low-level wastes is highly regulated and disposal options are limited. The United States has had eight operating commercial facilities licensed for low-level radioactive waste disposal, only four of which are currently receiving waste. Each of these is licensed and regulated by its state. Only two of these sites accept waste from states outside of their specified regional compact. For waste streams that cannot be disposed directly at one of the four active commercial low-level waste disposal facilities, processing facilities offer various forms of tritiated low-level waste processing and treatment, and then transport and dispose of the residuals at a disposal facility. These processing facilities may remove and recycle tritium, reduce waste volume, solidify liquid waste, remove hazardous constituents, or perform a number of additional treatments. Waste brokers also offer many low-level and mixed waste management and transportation services. These services can be especially helpful for small-quantity tritiated-waste generators, such as universities, research institutions, medical facilities, and some industries. The information contained in this report covers general capabilities and requirements for the various disposal/processing facilities and brokerage companies, but is not considered exhaustive. Typically, each facility has extensive waste acceptance criteria and will require a generator to thoroughly characterize their wastes. Then a contractual agreement between the waste generator and the disposal/processing/broker entity must be in place before waste is accepted. Costs for tritiated waste

  4. 19世纪穆氏家族与俄罗斯商人在恰克图交易大黄情况%The Murat Family and the Russian Merchant trade rhubarb in Kyakhta in the nineteenth century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王士铭

    2013-01-01

    氏家族换购大黄。%Since the Age of Discovery ,Europeans believed rhubarb from Gansu ,Shanxi had positive efficacy on organs in the western medicine tradition .Therefore ,they hope to obtain rhubarb from various sources .After signing the Treaty of Kyakhta in 1727 ,the Qing court permitted the Mu family to transport rhubarb from Gansu and Shanxi to Kyakhta for selling ;the Russians also sent merchants to Kyakhta to fur switch rhubarb .In 1738 ,when Russian officials monopolized the rhubarb business ,they appointed the Mu family as the only contracted rhubarb agent .They also dispatched deputies to trade Rhubarb with fur and other substances .The profits of rhubarb trade are very much high ,so that the Mu family must pay a lot of brokerage for the Kyakhta officials .And the grand minister superintendent of Kulun usually mediates that the Mu family members dispute the profits of rhubarb trade . Chinese and Russian contacts are affected by many factors such as economic ,and diplomatic .For in-stance ,the Kyakhta market was closed on several in the 18th Century ;and the merchant only smuggle the rhubarbs for the European market's demand .And the Russian merchant buy Chinese rhubarb quantity , price by the European market impact .Official Monopoly rhubarb trade in Russia during the Smuggle often face competitive pressures ,On several managed to sanctions smuggling .Since 1782 after the liberalization of the Russian free trade rhubarb ,Moscow ,Vologda and Kursk and other merchants monopolize the rhu-barb trade gradually .In the 19th Century ,the Russian handicraft gradually flourished ,and it is excessive hunting animals in Siberia ,led to fur gradually shortages .So that the Russian merchant must replace com-modities such as wool textiles ,cotton textiles ,and leather ,to exchange the Mu family’s rhubarb .

  5. Content Analysis of E-Business Model Classifications%基于内容分析法的电子商务模式分类研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳俊; 王求真; 陈珲

    2011-01-01

    E-business model is a concept that describes the value-creation process of an enterprise, and becomes a top research area. Classification is the foundation of theory development and becomes a hot topic in the business model research. However, researchers have developed various e-business model classifications based on different classification criteria. As a result, these researchers cannot reach a consensus on basic issues about classification schemas.To resolve the issue, we first conduct a content analysis of articles, archived in the CNKI Chinese journal database, with the exact term "e-business model" in their titles or abstracts. The analysis shows that classification criteria used frequently by the articles include transactional subjects, Timmer' s interactive mode and degree of value chain integration, Rappa' s revenue and position in value chains, Mckinsey' s leading force in the market and Bambury' s new/old economy in sequence. In addition, we see the trend of decreasing number of articles using the two criteria of transaction subjects and leading force in the market. On the contrary, increasing number of articles is adopting the criteria of interactive mode, the degree of value chain integration, new/ old economy, and revenue and position in the value chain. These trends indicate that researchers need more practical, specific, and comprehensive classification schemas to guide e-business practices. Moreover, this trend is consistent with the value creation essence and the development tendency of e-business model concepts. The well-diffused classification criteria focus on the value creation approaches and processes. In addition, the analysis of e-business categorization identifies popular e-business models, such as virtual community, trust services, information brokerage, digital library. We also find that there exist a high correlation between specific classifications, and an overlapping phenomenon among categorizations. These issues in classification

  6. Ideological background of empirical ignorance%论文化政策研究中实证研究的缺失

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Vesna Copie[斯洛文尼亚; 马绯璠(编译)

    2012-01-01

    The increasing need by politicians, in the second half of the last century, for evidence as a basis for decision making has led to the emergence of policy analysis as a new discipline. Since then the use of policy analysis has been shifting from core state sectors to others, including cultural policies. Policy analysis is becoming an instrument in making cultural policy an effective activity. However, there are many obstacles to the development of new agendas, strategies and mechanisms for research in, of and for cultural policy. This article concentrates on those impediments to cultural policy research that are con- nected to the ideological dimension of cultural policy. They are reflected in the following points: ( 1 ) gov- ernments too often deal uncritically with the arts as a domain of national interest; (2) contradicting the notion of public policy, cultural policy is conceived as a policy for culture as an autonomous field; (3) due to a strong functional differentiation the cultural sector has restructured itself as a highly specialized (sub) sector of society where autopoesis makes any outside observation a rather futile, even noxious, in- tervention; (4) the cultural administration favours complex administrative procedure and audits as princi- ples of social organization and control; and (5) the mechanism of collective peer review in the allocation of public funds can very easily be misused as an alibi for cultural indifference of the politicians. These five points result, it is argued, in passive cultural policy and poor cultural policy research. In order to demystify cultural policy, more facts, figures and arguments should be brought into the cultural policy making. Mediation between internally and externally heterogeneous groups of researchers, policy makers and cultural insiders is needed, a kind of brokerage agency that could bridge this gap and actuate the pro- cess of de - differentiation between culture and society. The

  7. CASES ON GLOBAL E-LEARNING PRACTICES:Successes and Pitfalls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reviewed by Yavuz AKBULUT

    2007-10-01

    a new generation of distance education, which provides opportunity for both synchronous and asynchronous interaction among the stakeholders of the instruction process. The chapter also enlightens the readers in terms of the benefits of e-learning, design and development of e-learning systems and pedagogy of e-learning. Section I: Cases on Completely Online Learning Systems Chapter 1: Online Learning with the Use of WebCT VistaIn the chapter, authors offer reflections on various aspects of the use of WebCT Vista in online business education at Marshall University, U.S. It is claimed that if adequate technology, support and the cooperation of educational administrators are sustained, WebCT Vista can improve the current educational practices remarkably. Besides, it is argued that WebCT contributes to the effectiveness of distance learning by improving students’ critical thinking, problem solving, decision making, written communication, organization and analytical skills. Students’ feedback regarding their learning outcomes is also examined which reveals that most students positively evaluated the effect of WebCT on their learning. Chapter 2: Combining Synchronous and Asynchronous Distance Learning for Adult Training in Military Environments In the chapter, the territorial dispersion of military personnel in large geographical areas is presented as a major problem of military training. The traditional training camps require officers to gather in training camps and attend the lessons, which oblige them to leave their units. Such an approach is considered extremely costly. Thus, distance learning techniques are believed to solve such problems. A pilot study which aimed to train officers through a computer-based distance-learning system is presented along with the implementation, results and overall assessment of the study. Chapter 3: A Case Study on Education Networks and Brokerage The chapter maintains that the educational market is influenced by the increasing