WorldWideScience

Sample records for brochure english version

  1. Antimatter brochure (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Marcastel, Fabienne

    2014-01-01

    Antimatter is the twin to matter, with an opposite electric charge. When they meet, they annihilate each other. In the first moments of the Universe there was a balance between antimatter and matter, but a second after the Big Bang, all the antimatter disappeared along with almost all of the matter, leaving a minute amount of matter that forms everything around us. Scientists are now trying to unravel the mystery of what happened to the antimatter.

  2. CLIC brochure (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, Christiane

    2012-01-01

    The world's biggest and most powerful accelerator, the LHC, is mapping the route of particle physics for the future. The next step, to complement the LHC in exploring this new region, is most likely to be a linear electron-positron collider. The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) is a novel approach to such a collider. It is currently under development by the CLIC collaboration, which is hosted at CERN.

  3. CMS brochure (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Marcastel, Fabienne

    2014-01-01

    CMS is the heaviest detector at the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which has started up in 2008. A multi-purpose detector, CMS is composed of several systems built around a powerful superconducting magnet.

  4. LHC brochure (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Marcastel, Fabienne

    2014-01-01

    A presentation of the largest and the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which started up in 2008. Its role, characteristics, technologies, etc. are explained for the general public.

  5. ALICE brochure (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2012-01-01

    ALICE is one of the four big experiments for the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which started up in 2008. ALICE will study the quark-gluon plasma, a state of matter that probably existed in the first moments of the universe.

  6. ISOLDE brochure (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2010-01-01

    The ISOLDE facility uses protons from CERN's accelerator complex to produce exotic nuclei of most of the elements. These radioactive nuclei are used for basic research in many areas of science: nuclear physics, nuclear astrophysics, atomic physics, condensed matter physics, radiobiology, and elementary particle physics.

  7. ALICE brochure (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Marcastel, Fabienne

    2014-01-01

    ALICE is one of the four big experiments for the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which started up in 2008. ALICE studies the quark-gluon plasma, a state of matter that probably existed in the first moments of the universe.

  8. ISOLDE brochure (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Marcastel, Fabienne

    2014-01-01

    The ISOLDE facility uses protons from CERN's accelerator complex to produce exotic nuclei of most of the elements. These radioactive nuclei are used for basic research in many areas of science: nuclear physics, nuclear astrophysics, atomic physics, condensed matter physics, radiobiology, and elementary particle physics.

  9. TOTEM brochure (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2012-01-01

    The TOTal cross section, Elastic scattering and diffraction dissociation Measurement at the LHC (TOTEM) experiment is designed to investigate the protons in the LHC collisions. By making precise measurements on particles that emerge from collisions very close to the direction of the LHC beams, the "forward" direction, TOTEM probes physics that is not easily accessible by other LHC experiments.

  10. LHCb brochure (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Marcastel, Fabienne

    2014-01-01

    LHCb is one of the four big experiments for the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which will start up in 2008. LHCb studies a phenomenon which could partly explain why the Universe is all matter and practically no antimatter.

  11. LHCf brochure (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2012-01-01

    The Earth's upper atmosphere is constantly hit by particles called cosmic rays, producing many secondary particles that collide with nuclei in the atmosphere. LHCf is designed to detect these secondary particles from ultra-high-energy cosmic rays to help confirm the theoretical models that explain what happens when these cosmic rays enter the atmosphere.

  12. Technology Transfer brochure (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2007-01-01

    A brief overview of how CERN's pioneering technologies for scientific research have branched out into various fields. Medicine, industrial processes, information and communication technology, as well as environment and energy fields make use of these innovative developments.

  13. Energy-Saving Opportunities for Manufacturing Companies (English/Portuguese Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-07-01

    This English/Portuguese brochure describes the Industrial Technologies Program Save Energy Now model and provides information on tools and resources to help manufacturing facilities reduce industrial energy intensity.

  14. [Coyote Tales. English Version.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albert, Roy; And Others

    Hopi storytellers told, in Hopi, 20 stories for this supplementary reading series. Each story was translated into English, graded (1.1 to 3.8), and illustrated. These stories normally serve to entertain as well as to instruct both children and adults during the winter nights. Several of the stories have Coyote as the central character. He typifies…

  15. Nuclear Criticality Safety Handbook, Version 2. English translation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-08-01

    The Nuclear Criticality Safety Handbook, Version 2 essentially includes the description of the Supplement Report to the Nuclear Criticality Safety Handbook, released in 1995, into the first version of the Nuclear Criticality Safety Handbook, published in 1988. The following two points are new: (1) exemplifying safety margins related to modeled dissolution and extraction processes, (2) describing evaluation methods and alarm system for criticality accidents. Revision has been made based on previous studies for the chapter that treats modeling the fuel system: e.g., the fuel grain size that the system can be regarded as homogeneous, non-uniformity effect of fuel solution, an burnup credit. This revision has solved the inconsistencies found in the first version between the evaluation of errors found in JACS code system and the criticality condition data that were calculated based on the evaluation. This report is an English translation of the Nuclear Criticality Safety Handbook, Version 2, originally published in Japanese as JAERI 1340 in 1999. (author)

  16. Nuclear Criticality Safety Handbook, Version 2. English translation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nuclear Criticality Safety Handbook, Version 2 essentially includes the description of the Supplement Report to the Nuclear Criticality Safety Handbook, released in 1995, into the first version of the Nuclear Criticality Safety Handbook, published in 1988. The following two points are new: (1) exemplifying safety margins related to modeled dissolution and extraction processes, (2) describing evaluation methods and alarm system for criticality accidents. Revision has been made based on previous studies for the chapter that treats modeling the fuel system: e.g., the fuel grain size that the system can be regarded as homogeneous, non-uniformity effect of fuel solution, an burnup credit. This revision has solved the inconsistencies found in the first version between the evaluation of errors found in JACS code system and the criticality condition data that were calculated based on the evaluation. This report is an English translation of the Nuclear Criticality Safety Handbook, Version 2, originally published in Japanese as JAERI 1340 in 1999. (author)

  17. Multidimensional Inventory of Perfectionism in Sport (MIPS): English version

    OpenAIRE

    Stoeber, Joachim; Otto, Kathleen; Stoll, Oliver

    2006-01-01

    English translation of the original German version: Stoeber, J., Otto, K., & Stoll, O. (2004). Mehrdimensionales Inventar zu Perfektionismus im Sport (MIPS) [Multidimensional Inventory of Perfectionism in Sport (MIPS)]. In J. Stoeber, K. Otto, E. Pescheck, & O. Stoll, Skalendokumentation "Perfektionismus im Sport" (Hallesche Berichte zur Pädagogischen Psychologie Nr. 7). Halle/Saale, Germany: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Department of Educational Psychology.

  18. 48 CFR 52.225-14 - Inconsistency between English Version and Translation of Contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... English Version and Translation of Contract. 52.225-14 Section 52.225-14 Federal Acquisition Regulations... CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.225-14 Inconsistency between English Version and Translation of Contract. As prescribed in 25.1103(b), insert the following clause: Inconsistency Between English...

  19. LHC brochure (French version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Marcastel, Fabienne

    2014-01-01

    A presentation of the largest and the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which started up in 2008. Its role, characteristics, technologies, etc. are explained for the general public.

  20. LHC brochure (German version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Marcastel, Fabienne

    2014-01-01

    A presentation of the largest and the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which started up in 2008. Its role, characteristics, technologies, etc. are explained for the general public.

  1. CMS brochure (Spanish version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2008-01-01

    CMS is the heaviest detector at the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which will start up in 2008. A multi-purpose detector, CMS is composed of several systems built around a powerful superconducting magnet.

  2. ALICE brochure (Spanish version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2008-01-01

    ALICE is one of the four big experiments for the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which will start up in 2008. ALICE will study the quark-gluon plasma, a state of matter that probably existed in the first moments of the universe.

  3. ATLAS brochure (Spanish version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2008-01-01

    ATLAS is the largest detector at the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which will start up in 2008. ATLAS is a multi-purpose detector, designed to throw light on fundamental questions such as the origin of mass and the nature of the Universe's dark matter.

  4. LHCb brochure (Spanish version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2008-01-01

    LHCb is one of the four big experiments for the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which will start up in 2008. LHCb will study a phenomenon which could partly explain why the Universe is all matter and practically no antimatter.

  5. LHC brochure (Spanish version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2008-01-01

    A presentation of the largest and the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which will start-up in 2008. Its role, characteristics, technologies, etc. are explained for the general public.

  6. ALICE brochure (German version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2012-01-01

    ALICE is one of the four big experiments for the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which started up in 2008. ALICE will study the quark-gluon plasma, a state of matter that probably existed in the first moments of the universe.

  7. ALICE brochure (French version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2012-01-01

    ALICE is one of the four big experiments for the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which started up in 2008. ALICE will study the quark-gluon plasma, a state of matter that probably existed in the first moments of the universe.

  8. ALICE brochure (French version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, Christiane

    2011-01-01

    ALICE is one of the four big experiments for the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which started up in 2008. ALICE will study the quark-gluon plasma, a state of matter that probably existed in the first moments of the universe.

  9. ISOLDE brochure (French version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, Christiane

    2012-01-01

    The ISOLDE facility uses protons from CERN's accelerator complex to produce exotic nuclei of most of the elements. These radioactive nuclei are used for basic research in many areas of science: nuclear physics, nuclear astrophysics, atomic physics, condensed matter physics, radiobiology, and elementary particle physics.

  10. CMS brochure (Greek version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefèvre, C

    2006-01-01

    CMS is the heaviest detector at the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which will start up in 2008. A multi-purpose detector, CMS is composed of several systems built around a powerful superconducting magnet.

  11. LHC brochure (Greek version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefèvre, C

    2006-01-01

    A presentation of the largest and the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which will start-up in 2008. Its role, characteristics, technologies, etc. are explained for the general public.

  12. LHCb brochure (Italian version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Marcastel, Fabienne

    2014-01-01

    LHCb is one of the four big experiments for the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which will start up in 2008. LHCb studies a phenomenon which could partly explain why the Universe is all matter and practically no antimatter.

  13. LHCb brochure (French version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Marcastel, Fabienne

    2014-01-01

    LHCb is one of the four big experiments for the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, which will start up in 2008. LHCb studies a phenomenon which could partly explain why the Universe is all matter and practically no antimatter.

  14. Antimatter brochure (German version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2009-01-01

    Antimatter is the twin to matter, with an opposite electric charge. When they meet, they annihilate each other. In the first moments of the Universe there was a balance between antimatter and matter, but a second after the Big Bang, all the antimatter disappeared along with almost all of the matter, leaving a minute amount of matter that forms everything around us. Scientists are now trying to unravel the mystery of what happened to the antimatter.

  15. ATLAS brochure (German version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2012-01-01

    ATLAS is the largest detector at the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world. ATLAS is a multi-purpose detector, designed to throw light on fundamental questions such as the origin of mass and the nature of the Universe's dark matter.

  16. ATLAS brochure (French version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2012-01-01

    ATLAS is the largest detector at the LHC, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world. ATLAS is a multi-purpose detector, designed to throw light on fundamental questions such as the origin of mass and the nature of the Universe's dark matter.

  17. LHC brochure (Italian version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, Christiane

    2011-01-01

    A presentation of the largest and the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which started up in 2008. Its role, characteristics, technologies, etc. are explained for the general public.

  18. Antimatter brochure (English)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2009-01-01

    Antimatter is the twin to matter, with an opposite electric charge. When they meet, they annihilate each other. In the first moments of the Universe there was a balance between antimatter and matter, but a second after the Big Bang, all the antimatter disappeared along with almost all of the matter, leaving a minute amount of matter that forms everything around us. Scientists are now trying to unravel the mystery of what happened to the antimatter.

  19. Validation of the English and Chinese versions of the Quick-FLIC quality of life questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Cheung, Y-B; Khoo, K-S; Thumboo, J.; Ng, G-Y; Wee, J; Goh, C.

    2005-01-01

    A useful measure of quality of life should be easy and quick to complete. Recently, we reported the development and validation of a shortened Chinese version of the Functional Living Index – Cancer (FLIC), which we called the Quick-FLIC. In the present study of 327 English-speaking and 221 Chinese-speaking cancer patients, we validated the English version of the Quick-FLIC and further assessed the Chinese version. The 11 Quick-FLIC items were administered alongside the 11 remaining items of t...

  20. Some Thoughts on the English Version of "Fu Wa"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易高燕

    2009-01-01

    There have been many disputes about the translation of the Beijing 2008 Olympiad Mascots since it was first announced in 2005.And it was at last translated directly as the Chinese phonetic alphabet " Fu Wa".So this essay is going to explore some ideas of the English translation of "Fu Wa",and meanwhile discuss some translation approaches of culture-loaded words.

  1. On Cultural Differences in the Two English Versions of A Dream of Red Mansions

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan Gao

    2009-01-01

    The famous Chinese classic novel A Dream of Red Mansions has two complete English translation versions; one was translated by Chinese translator Yang and the other by foreign translator David Hawkes. By comparing the materials cited from the two different English renditions, this paper considers to study on the cultural differences in them, especially the functions of translators’ different cultural backgrounds in translating. It argues that the variations of translators’ cultural backgrounds...

  2. Validation of the English and Chinese versions of the Quick-FLIC quality of life questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Y-B; Khoo, K-S; Thumboo, J; Ng, G-Y; Wee, J; Goh, C

    2005-01-01

    A useful measure of quality of life should be easy and quick to complete. Recently, we reported the development and validation of a shortened Chinese version of the Functional Living Index – Cancer (FLIC), which we called the Quick-FLIC. In the present study of 327 English-speaking and 221 Chinese-speaking cancer patients, we validated the English version of the Quick-FLIC and further assessed the Chinese version. The 11 Quick-FLIC items were administered alongside the 11 remaining items of the full FLIC, but there appeared to be little context effect. Validity of the English version of the Quick-FLIC was attested by its strong correlation with two other measures of quality of life, and its ability to detect differences between patients with different performance status and treatment status (each P<0.001). Its internal consistency (alpha=0.86) and test–retest reliability (intraclass correlation=0.76) were also satisfactory. The measure was responsive to changes in performance status (P<0.001). The Chinese version showed similar characteristics. The Quick-FLIC behaved in ways that are highly comparable with the FLIC, even though the Quick-FLIC comprised only 11 items whereas the FLIC comprised 22. Further research is required to see whether the use of shorter instruments can improve data quality and response rates, but the fact that shorter instruments place less burden on the patients is itself inherently important. PMID:15700037

  3. Technology Transfer brochure (Polish version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2008-01-01

    A brief overview of how CERN's pioneering technologies for scientific research have branched out into various fields. Medicine, industrial processes, information and communication technology, as well as environment and energy fields make use of these innovative developments.

  4. Technology Transfer brochure (Swedish version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2008-01-01

    A brief overview of how CERN's pioneering technologies for scientific research have branched out into various fields. Medicine, industrial processes, information and communication technology, as well as environment and energy fields make use of these innovative developments.

  5. THE QUALITY OF ENGLISH TRANSLATION VERSION OF BILINGUAL BOOKS FOR PHYSICS AND SOCIAL SCIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djatmika

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the quality of English translation of the course books of Physics, Economics, and History for Junior High School students in Indonesia. The research which becomes the base for the article is qualitative, conducted on five English version texts of bilingual books for Junior High School students in Indonesia. It selected one chapter of each book and analyzed the quality of its text structure as well as its text texture. The data were in the forms of discourse units and analyzed on the quality of the text structure and aspects of grammar quality such as the grammatical construction of the clauses and the lexical choices of the texts. In addition, it obtained data related to the readability of the texts from twenty students who were selected randomly. The results show that all of the English texts have good quality in their text structure. However, the grammar and choice of words show a number of weaknesses in each text. Text improvement should consider English grammatical rules and systems and Indonesian language interference for English grammatical constructions, word choice and technical terms.

  6. A Comparative Analysis of English and Chinese Versions of Twilight from the Perspective of Three Metafunctions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓雪莹

    2013-01-01

    The Twilight Saga written by American novelist Stephenie Meyer, tells the love story about an ordinary girl, Bella, and a handsome vampire, Edward. The novel sales hit the one hundred million mark from its release. And its Chinese version also gains much popularity among Chinese readers. Up to now, fantasy novel and its translation have drawn increasing attention of scholars from home and abroad. This paper focuses on a fantasy novel which has never been analyzed from this perspective. The paper makes a comparison between the English and Chinese versions of the novel Twilight from the perspective of Halliday’s three metafunctions, interpersonal function, ideational function and textual function, to give an in-depth study on the similarities and differences of two different languages and then put forward some beneficial suggestions for translators to understand and trans-late fantasy novel comprehensively.

  7. Discrepancies between bilinguals' performance on the Spanish and English versions of the WAIS Digit Span task: Cross-cultural implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López, Enrique; Steiner, Alexander J; Hardy, David J; IsHak, Waguih W; Anderson, W Brantley

    2016-01-01

    This study explored within-subjects differences in the performance of 40 bilingual participants on the English and Spanish versions of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) Digit Span task. To test the linguistic hypothesis that individuals would perform worse in Spanish because of its syllabic demand, we compared the number of syllables correctly recalled by each participant for every correct trial. Our analysis of the correct number of syllables remembered per trial showed that participants performed significantly better (i.e., recalling more syllables) in Spanish than in English on the total score. Findings suggest the Spanish version of the Digit Span (total score) was significantly more difficult than the English version utilizing traditional scoring methods. Moreover, the Forward Trial, rather than the Backward Trial, was more likely to show group differences between both language versions. Additionally, the Spanish trials of the Digit Span were correlated with language comprehension and verbal episodic memory measures, whereas the English trials of the Digit Span were correlated with confrontational naming and verbal fluency tasks. The results suggest that more research is necessary to further investigate other cognitive factors, rather than just syllabic demand, that might contribute to performance and outcome differences on the WAIS Digit Span in Spanish-English bilinguals. PMID:26786894

  8. China English and Dissemination of the Chinese Culture into the English World—A Case Study of the English Versions of Liaozhaizhiyi by Contemporary Translators

    OpenAIRE

    Haijun Li

    2011-01-01

    China English refers to the English expressions with Chinese characteristics. It is acceptable for the people in the English-speaking countries as it can meet the requirement of English development and the need of cross-cultural communication between China and the English-speaking countries. It is of significance for the dissemination of the Chinese culture into the English world. Both contemporary western and Chinese translators of Liaozhaizhiyi take advantage of China English to spread the ...

  9. Translation and validation of non-English versions of the Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQOL) questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doward, Lynda C; McKenna, Stephen P; Meads, David M; Twiss, James; Revicki, Dennis; Wong, Robert L; Luo, Michelle P

    2007-01-01

    Background The Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQOL) questionnaire is a unidimensional, disease-specific measure developed in the UK and the Netherlands. This study describes its adaptation into other languages. Methods The UK English ASQOL was translated into US English; Canadian French and English; French; German; Italian; Spanish; and Swedish (dual-panel methods). Cognitive debriefing interviews were conducted with AS patients. Psychometric/scaling properties were assessed using data from two Phase III studies of adalimumab. Baseline and Week-2 data were used to assess test-retest reliability. Validity was determined by correlation of ASQOL with SF-36 and BASFI and by discriminative ability of ASQOL based on disease severity. Item response theory (Rasch model) was used to test ASQOL's scaling properties. Results Cognitive debriefing showed the new ASQOL versions to be clear, relevant and comprehensive. Sample sizes varied, but were sufficient for: psychometric/scaling assessment for US English and Canadian English; psychometric but not scaling analyses for German; and preliminary evidence of these properties for the remaining languages. Test-retest reliability and Cronbach's alpha coefficients were high: US English (0.85, 0.85), Canadian English (0.87, 0.86), and German (0.77, 0.79). Correlations of ASQOL with SF-36 and BASFI for US English, Canadian English, and German measures were moderate, but ASQOL discriminated between patients based on perceived disease severities (p < 0.01). Results were comparable for the other languages. US English and Canadian English exhibited fit to the Rasch model (non-significant p-values: 0.54, 0.68), confirming unidimensionality. Conclusion The ASQOL was successfully translated into all eight languages. Psychometric properties were excellent for US English, Canadian English, and German, and extremely promising for the other languages. PMID:17274818

  10. International Defense Acquisition Resource Mangement Program / IDARM Resident Course Offerings Brochure / March 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Wright, Elisabeth; Adame, Brooke Love; Schwellenbach, Samantha

    2013-01-01

    Brochure includes course offerings, program overview, and contact information. Files for brochures in English, Spanish, French, and Arabic available for viewing. The International Defense Acquisition Resource Management (IDARM) program at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, offers a wide range of defense acquisition resource management programs to our partner nations. The IDARM program is intended to strengthen democratic relationships and internatio...

  11. Destination Universe: The Incredible Journey of a Proton in the Large Hadron Collider (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Lefevre, C

    2008-01-01

    This brochure illustrates the incredible journey of a proton as he winds his way through the CERN accelerator chain and ends up inside the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The LHC is CERN's flagship particle accelerator which can collide protons together at close to the speed of light, creating circumstances like those just seconds after the Big Bang.

  12. Prueba de Aptitud para el Aprendizaje de Lenguas Extranjeras (PAPALE) Language Aptitude Test (LAT) (First and Second Versions). English for Special Purposes. Emergency Care Attendant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muro, Gertrude

    This book contains two versions of the Language Aptitude Test. It is part of a package of materials developed for use in an English for Special Purposes project, which offers classes in reading, grammar, and emergency care attendant training for limited English proficient students. Introductory material describes the parts of two versions and…

  13. The Strategies of Metaphor translation in Yang Xianyi' English version of The True Story of Ah Q

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘露霞

    2008-01-01

    This essay takes Yang xianyi's English version of the true story of Ah Q as a sample, giving a summary on the strategies when dealing with the images in metaphor translation. The SL culture-orientated translation principles and methods play a major role in introducing the Chinese culture to the world.

  14. SALT 2010 Bilingual S/E Version: A Tool for Assessing the Language Production of Bilingual (Spanish/English) Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jon F.; Iglesias, Aquiles; Rojas, Raul

    2010-01-01

    Assessing the language development of bilingual children can be a challenge--too often, children in the complex process of learning both Spanish and English are under- or over-diagnosed with language disorders. SLPs can change that with "SALT 2010 Bilingual S/E Version" for grades K-3, the first tool to comprehensively assess children's language…

  15. Self-Efficacy for Managing Work-Family Conflict: Validating the English Language Version of a Hebrew Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennessy, Kelly D.; Lent, Robert W.

    2008-01-01

    The Self-Efficacy for Work-Family Conflict Management Scale (SE-WFC), developed in Israel, was designed to assess beliefs regarding one's ability to manage conflict between work and family roles. This study examined the factor structure, reliability, and validity of an English language version of the SE-WFC in a sample of 159 working mothers in…

  16. Translation and validation of non-English versions of the Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQOL questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Revicki Dennis

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQOL questionnaire is a unidimensional, disease-specific measure developed in the UK and the Netherlands. This study describes its adaptation into other languages. Methods The UK English ASQOL was translated into US English; Canadian French and English; French; German; Italian; Spanish; and Swedish (dual-panel methods. Cognitive debriefing interviews were conducted with AS patients. Psychometric/scaling properties were assessed using data from two Phase III studies of adalimumab. Baseline and Week-2 data were used to assess test-retest reliability. Validity was determined by correlation of ASQOL with SF-36 and BASFI and by discriminative ability of ASQOL based on disease severity. Item response theory (Rasch model was used to test ASQOL's scaling properties. Results Cognitive debriefing showed the new ASQOL versions to be clear, relevant and comprehensive. Sample sizes varied, but were sufficient for: psychometric/scaling assessment for US English and Canadian English; psychometric but not scaling analyses for German; and preliminary evidence of these properties for the remaining languages. Test-retest reliability and Cronbach's alpha coefficients were high: US English (0.85, 0.85, Canadian English (0.87, 0.86, and German (0.77, 0.79. Correlations of ASQOL with SF-36 and BASFI for US English, Canadian English, and German measures were moderate, but ASQOL discriminated between patients based on perceived disease severities (p Conclusion The ASQOL was successfully translated into all eight languages. Psychometric properties were excellent for US English, Canadian English, and German, and extremely promising for the other languages.

  17. FCC Official Brochure - 2016

    CERN Multimedia

    Charitos, Panagiotis

    2016-01-01

    The FCC brochure describes the main scope of the study and give more information about the main scenarios explored under the study. It also highlights the R&D efforts under the study that will go into a Conceptual Design Report. Finally, it offers more information about the collaboration and a list of useful contact details.

  18. CMS Comic Book Brochure

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    To raise students' awareness of what the CMS detector is, how it was constructed and what it hopes to find. Titled "CMS Particle Hunter," this colorful comic book style brochure explains to young budding scientists and science enthusiasts in colorful animation how the CMS detector was made, its main parts, and what scientists hope to find using this complex tool.

  19. Suitability assessment of health education brochures in Qassim province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saulat Jahan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Health education is the cornerstone of primary health care. Health education materials distributed to the community should, therefore, be suitable and effective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the health education brochures, designed and disseminated by Ministry of Health institutions in the Qassim province. Materials and Methods: The study was a cross-sectional review of health education brochures. We used a structured evaluation form, comprising general information on the brochures and a modified Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM score sheet. The SAM consisting of 22 criteria in six groups, includes content, literacy demands, graphics, layout/typography, learning stimulation/motivation, and cultural appropriateness. SAM criteria categorize written material into "superior," "adequate" and "not suitable." Two qualified consultant family physicians evaluated the brochures. Data were analyzed using Epi Info version 3.4 statistical package. Results: We evaluated 110 brochures, the majority of which addressed chronic health conditions such as mental health, diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Seventy-four (67.3% brochures were evaluated as "adequate," 34 (30.9% as "not suitable" and 2 (1.8% as "superior." "Cultural appropriateness" was the highest scoring factor, with 92 (83.6% brochures falling into either the "superior" or "adequate" category. With regard to "content," 88 (80.0% brochures fell into either the "superior" or "adequate" category. This was the second highest scoring factor. Graphics was the factor that scored the least. Seventy-five (68.2% brochures were rated in this factor as "not suitable." Conclusions: Although two-thirds of our brochures were considered "adequate," the majority needed improvement to their graphics and learning stimulation factors. We recommend that guidelines for designing health education brochures should be formulated to improve the quality of health education brochures.

  20. Developing effective marketing brochure

    OpenAIRE

    Semenenko, Vitalii

    2013-01-01

    Following report is produced with a goal of developing effective marketing communication channel (brochure) for a case company. Report covers findings in the areas of − model of communication − influences during communication process − target audience identification − decision-making process − types of decision-making process − role of marketing communication in decision-making − channels of marketing communication − practical recommendations from field expert Rep...

  1. SANREM-CRSP Kenya Brochure

    OpenAIRE

    Ongugo, Paul O.

    2007-01-01

    Brochure produced by Kenya research team to explain the SANREM project in Kenya. The brochure discusses the aim, objective, areas of coverage, current work and ways to learn more about the SANREM CRSP activities in Kenya. LTRA-1 (Decentralization Reforms and Property Rights)

  2. English

    CERN Document Server

    Nelson, Gerald

    2010-01-01

    "English: An Essential Grammar" is a concise and user-friendly guide to the grammar of modern English, written specifically for native speakers and based on genuine samples of contemporary spoken and written English. In four chapters, the book covers the essentials of English grammar, beginning with the basics and going on to deal with phrase, clause and sentence structure. A fifth chapter deals with English word formation and spelling, including problem spellings and British and American spelling variants. Features of this title include: discussion of points that often cause problem

  3. Analysis of problems in translation from the original English to the Spanish version of two American comedy series : 'Friends' and 'The big bang theory'

    OpenAIRE

    Reynès, Janie

    2015-01-01

    This research focuses on two American TV shows, Friends and The Big Bang Theory. The analysis and comparison of translation segments of both shows in the original version in English and the dubbed version in Spanish enable the translation of humor in general to be studied, and, most specifically, culture-related humor. Some translation mistakes are also described. For each translation segment considered improvable a solution has been proposed. Both shows feature cultural references although F...

  4. Exploratory Psychometric Properties of the Farsi and English Versions of the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazi Nejat

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to translate and test the psychometric properties of a Farsi and an English version of the spiritual needs questionnaire (SpNQ a measure originally developed in German. The World Health Organization guideline for translating and validating questionnaires was used. Participants were recruited from hospitals in Iran and New Zealand during an outpatient follow-up appointment after cancer treatment. People diagnosed with cancer in Iran (68 and New Zealand (54 completed and returned the SpNQ (at time 1 and within the two week time period (time 2. Cronbach’s alpha ranged from 0.79 to 0.92, except for the existentialistic domain of the SpNQ (0.53–0.54. The coefficient of variation (CV indicated minimal random variation between the assessments; the measures were generally stable, except for the item “existentialistic”. The translated versions of the SpNQ have the potential to support a comprehensive assessment of cancer patients’ spiritual needs.

  5. Deictic Reference as a Means for Constructing the Character Image in a Dubbed Cartoon Snow Postman: Comparative Analysis of the Lithuanian, Russian and English Versions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danguolė Satkauskaitė

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article aims at examining how the main character Snowman’s image is constructed by applying an abundant number of deictic expressions in the Lithuanian, Russian and English versions of the cartoon Snow Postman. The research was based on M. Consten’s conception of direct and indirect reference and the model of visual-verbal cohesion proposed by N. Baumgarten. The study has revealed that in both, Russian and Lithuanian versions of the cartoon, the main character’s dialogues are loaded with deictic expressions which mark the same referents. In this way, the main character is shaped as a dull, forgetful being, unable to store and process a huge amount of information in his head. In the English version, deictic instances are sparsely used, thus the character image is quite different here: the snowman is less absent-minded and fuzzy.

  6. English

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Phillipson, Robert

    2011-01-01

    The article exemplifies and presents the characteristics of linguistic imperialism, linguistic capital accumulation following the same pattern as capitalist economic dominance. The text summarizes the way English was established in the colonial period. Many of the mechanisms of linguistic hierarchy...... have been maintained and intensified since then, as African and Indian scholarship demonstrates. Language plays a key role in education, the World Bank taking over where colonial regimes left off. Anglo-American efforts to maintain global English dominance have intensified since 1945 and are central to...... the present-day world ‘order’, as the postcolonial is subsumed under global empire, assisted by English linguistic neoimperialism. Some scholars who deny the existence of linguistic imperialism are reported on, and the complexity of language policy in European integration is demonstrated. The article...

  7. Measurement properties of the UK-English version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 4.0 (PedsQL™) generic core scales

    OpenAIRE

    Maddocks Alison; Jenney Meriel; Hutchings Hayley A; Cheung Ivy; Eiser Christine; Upton Penney; Russell Ian T; Williams John G

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background Health related quality of life (HRQL) has been recognised as an important paediatric outcome measurement. One of the more promising measures to emerge in recent years is the Pediatric Quality Of Life Inventory (PedsQL™), developed in the US. Advantages of the PedsQL™ include brevity, availability of age appropriate versions and parallel forms for child and parent. This study developed a UK-English version of PedsQL™ generic module and assessed its performance in a group of...

  8. Healthcare Energy Metering Guidance (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-07-01

    This brochure is intended to help facility and energy managers plan and prioritize investments in energy metering. It offers healthcare-specific examples of metering applications, benefits, and steps that other health systems can reproduce. It reflects collaborative input from the U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories and the health system members of the DOE Hospital Energy Alliance's Benchmarking and Measurement Project Team.

  9. Standards, the Field that Can't Be Ignored on Your Road to Chinese Market China Standardization (English Version) -to help you know China and the newest trend and policy of China's standardization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ China Standardization (English Version), supervised by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of P.R. China (AQSIQ), jointly compiled by the Standardization Administration of China (SAC) and China Association for Standardization (CAS), is an exclusive high-class English magazine that is distributed worldwide to entirely cover the management and development of China's standardization.

  10. Translation and validation of non-English versions of the Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQOL) questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Revicki Dennis; Twiss James; Meads David M; McKenna Stephen P; Doward Lynda C; Wong Robert L; Luo Michelle P

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background The Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQOL) questionnaire is a unidimensional, disease-specific measure developed in the UK and the Netherlands. This study describes its adaptation into other languages. Methods The UK English ASQOL was translated into US English; Canadian French and English; French; German; Italian; Spanish; and Swedish (dual-panel methods). Cognitive debriefing interviews were conducted with AS patients. Psychometric/scaling properties were assesse...

  11. Measurement properties of the UK-English version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 4.0 (PedsQL™ generic core scales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maddocks Alison

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Health related quality of life (HRQL has been recognised as an important paediatric outcome measurement. One of the more promising measures to emerge in recent years is the Pediatric Quality Of Life Inventory (PedsQL™, developed in the US. Advantages of the PedsQL™ include brevity, availability of age appropriate versions and parallel forms for child and parent. This study developed a UK-English version of PedsQL™ generic module and assessed its performance in a group of UK children and their parents. Methods PedsQL™ was translated to UK-English. The psychometric properties of the UK version were then tested following administration to 1399 children and 970 of their parents. The sample included healthy children, children diagnosed with asthma, diabetes or inflammatory bowel disease and children in remission from cancer. Results Psychometric properties were similar to those reported for the original PedsQL™. Internal reliability exceeded 0.70 for all proxy and self-report sub-scales. Discriminant validity was established for proxy and self-report with higher HRQL being reported for healthy children than those with health problems. Sex differences were noted on the emotional functioning subscale, with females reporting lower HRQL than males. Proxy and self-report correlation was higher for children with health problems than for healthy children. Conclusion The UK-English version of PedsQL™ performed as well as the original PedsQL™ and is recommended for assessment of paediatric HRQL in the UK.

  12. The Grid : english version

    CERN Multimedia

    Rosy Mondardini Producer

    2003-01-01

    The Grid : . Sharing resources owned by many different organizations to access remote computers, software, and data efficiently and automatically . Secure access to establish the identity of a user or resource, after defining conditions under which sharing occurs . Bridging distance using high-speed connections between computers to create a global Grid . Open standards to allow applications designed for one Grid to run on all others

  13. Introduction (English version)

    OpenAIRE

    Martin, Olivier

    2006-01-01

    From its origin, the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) has included in the heart of the organization research on man and society: in 1946, the CNRS was composed of eight sections, one of which was the section dedicated to « social sciences ». This section included geography, archeology, art history, history, philology, linguistics, psychology, sociology, demography, juridical and economic sciences, anthropology and ethnology. This continued the tradition of the ancestors of ...

  14. Automatic generation of tourist brochures

    KAUST Repository

    Birsak, Michael

    2014-05-01

    We present a novel framework for the automatic generation of tourist brochures that include routing instructions and additional information presented in the form of so-called detail lenses. The first contribution of this paper is the automatic creation of layouts for the brochures. Our approach is based on the minimization of an energy function that combines multiple goals: positioning of the lenses as close as possible to the corresponding region shown in an overview map, keeping the number of lenses low, and an efficient numbering of the lenses. The second contribution is a route-aware simplification of the graph of streets used for traveling between the points of interest (POIs). This is done by reducing the graph consisting of all shortest paths through the minimization of an energy function. The output is a subset of street segments that enable traveling between all the POIs without considerable detours, while at the same time guaranteeing a clutter-free visualization. © 2014 The Author(s) Computer Graphics Forum © 2014 The Eurographics Association and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. Comparative Study on Two English Versions of Hong Lou Meng from the Perspective of Cross-culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚青; 向凤雅; 侯方丽

    2015-01-01

    Hong Lou Meng is not only one of the four most famous ancient books in China,but also a classic masterpiece in the history of world literature.It presents the background and living statues in China feudal society as well as the language and culture of China.Two most completely and widely popular versions are that,one is translated by Yang Hsien-Yi and his wife Gladys Yang who are the famous translator couple (the Yang's version) and the other is translated by Oxford University's Sinologists David Hawks and John Minford,which refers to Hawks' version.In this paper,a comparative study on different translation methods in two versions are made to explore differences between China and western cultures,and thus discuss the influences on translation of different cultures,especially study how the factors of culture,thoughts,language habits and translation methods impact on translation from the perspective of cross-culture.

  16. Solar Decathlon 2011, (Small Program)(Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-11-01

    This brochure provides a high-level overview of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011. The competition's background, purpose, impact, 10 contests, 20 teams, and where to go for additional information.

  17. Innovation Impact: Breakthrough Research Results (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2013-07-01

    The Innovation Impact brochure captures key breakthrough results across NREL's primary areas of renewable energy and energy efficiency research: solar, wind, bioenergy, transportation, buildings, analysis, and manufacturing technologies.

  18. Traces of Ideology in Translating the Qurān into English: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Six Cases across Twenty Versions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdunasir I. A. Sideeg

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This research article aims to explore and critically examine six cases in which traces of ideology are explicitly or implicitly involved in the context of translating the Qurān into English. It attempts to answer questions pertinent to the nature and effect of traces of ideology on translating the Qurān in English and the way they shape the Qurānic message. The article employs a critical qualitative framework that allows for the researcher’s subjective interpretations of relevant texts. Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA is used for the analysis of data as this approach provides a convenient mode of critical thinking to carry out the present thesis. In this article, six texts across twenty versions of the Qurān in English are investigated in terms of their salient features that reflect peculiar ideological readings. Major findings indicate that complex traces of ideology may contribute to a particular choice in translating the salient features in the texts investigated. The case of Helminski, for instance, shows how cultural and linguistic backgrounds, Sufi doctrines, and feminist agendas all combine to produce a radical reading of the Qurān in English where she consistently refers to Allah (SWT with the combination he/she. Sufi ideologies are crucial in translating some pronouns with controversial references in some Qurānic verses. As well, gnostic interpretations have their own legacy such as the alteration in Khalifa’s ‘authorized version’. Plus, Neo-Mutazilite and Qurānist traces of ideology significantly contribute to produce alien readings of some Qurānic texts as illustrated in cases (5 and (6 in this research article.     Keywords: Qurān, traces of ideology, critical discourse analysis (CDA, sacred feminine, Sufi   

  19. Comparative Study on Two English Versions of Hong Lou Meng from the Perspective of Cross-culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚青; 向凤雅; 侯方丽

    2015-01-01

    Hong Lou Meng is not only one of the four most famous ancient books in China,but also a classic masterpiece in the history of world literature.It presents the background and living statues in China feudal society as well as the language and culture of China.Two most completely and widely popular versions are that,one is translated by Yang Hsien-Yi and his wife Gladys Yang who are the famous translator couple(the Yang’s version) and the other is translated by Oxford University’s Sinologists David Hawks and John Minford,which refers to Hawks’ version.In this paper,a comparative study on different translation methods in two versions are made to explore differences between China and western cultures,and thus discuss the influences on translation of different cultures,especially study how the factors of culture,thoughts,language habits and translation methods impact on translation from the perspective of cross-culture.

  20. PUNCTUATION AS A MEANS OF PROSODY REALIZATION DURING COMMUNICATION IN FACEBOOK SOCIAL NETWORK (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE ENGLISH-LANGUAGE VERSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kholodkovskaya Elena Valeryevna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article studies peculiar features of punctuation in the Internet comment referred to a genre of the Internet discourse. Virtual communication is defined as a written form of communication with some elements of oral speech, including spontaneity, expressiveness, linearity, correlation with the specific time interval flow. Considering the Internet comment to be a variant of oral speech that has been registered in a written form, the author describes main trends of punctuation marks usage in the English version of Facebook social network. Utterances from the network have been selected for studies regardless of age, gender and social class reference. On the basis of the textual contrastive analysis it was discovered that punctuation, reflecting prosodic phenomena in written speech, implements a distinctive feature of the Internet communication. The research helped to reveal some freedom in the usage of punctuation marks in the Facebook social network comments, which tells for changing a substandard way into ordinary. Violation from the norms of punctuation mark usage in social networks starts being evaluated as a norm. The article proves that new trends in the Internet communication reflect some development of the English language punctuation. The violation is not considered to be a communicative failure of the subjects of the Internet comments, on the contrary, it is viewed as a pragmatic statements, with a bit brighter emotional coloring.

  1. The Cultural Identity of Translator and Its Effect on Translation:The case of Two English version of Analects%The Cultural Identity of Translator and Its Effect on Translation: The case of Two English version of Analects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    恩浩

    2016-01-01

    This paper will focus on how the identity of translators affect the translation based on the analysis of the two translation versions of the Analects translated by James Legge and Ku Hungming respectively. The thesis will analyze the identity types the translators have, and then offers in-depth analyses and discussion of how the cultural identity affects translation strategy which can provide us with a special angle on the ways we see translation. Through analyzing, it can be easily found that cultural identity has a great impact on translator and translation which cannot be neglected.

  2. Gregory of Nyssa: Homilies on the Beatitudes. An English Version with Commentary and Supporting Studies. Proceedings of the Eighth International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa [Reseña

    OpenAIRE

    Mateo-Seco, L.F. (Lucas F.)

    2001-01-01

    Reseña de Hubertus R. DROBNER-Albert VICIANO, Gregory of Nyssa: Homilies on the Beatitudes. An English Version with Commentary and Supporting Studies. Proceedings of the Eighth International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (Paderborn, 14-18 September 1998), Brill, Leiden 2000, 680 pp., 16 x 25, ISBN 9004116214.

  3. The new affordances in the home environment for motor development - infant scale (AHEMD-IS): Versions in English and Portuguese languages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caçola, Priscila M; Gabbard, Carl; Montebelo, Maria I L; Santos, Denise C C

    2015-01-01

    The home environment has been established as a crucial factor for motor development, especially in infants. Exploring the home environment can have significant implications for intervention, as it is common practice in physical therapy to have professionals advise patients on home activities. Since 2010, our group has been working on the development of the Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development - Infant Scale (AHEMD-IS), a parental self-reporting instrument designed to assess the quality and quantity of factors (affordances) in the home environment. In Brazil, the instrument has been translated as "Affordances no Ambiente Domiciliar para o Desenvolvimento Motor - Escala Bebê", and it has been extensively used in several studies that address infant development. These studies in Brazil and other parts of the world highly recommended the need for a normative sample and standardized scoring system. A description of the study that addressed that need, along with the English version of the questionnaire and score sheets, was recently published in the well-known and respected journal Physical Therapy. Our intent with the present short communication is to notify Brazilian investigators and clinicians of this latest update so they can download the new instrument, as well as present the Brazilian (Portuguese) version of the AHEMD-IS along with its scoring system. PMID:26647753

  4. The new affordances in the home environment for motor development - infant scale (AHEMD-IS: Versions in English and Portuguese languages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscila M. Caçola

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The home environment has been established as a crucial factor for motor development, especially in infants. Exploring the home environment can have significant implications for intervention, as it is common practice in physical therapy to have professionals advise patients on home activities. Since 2010, our group has been working on the development of the Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development - Infant Scale (AHEMD-IS, a parental self-reporting instrument designed to assess the quality and quantity of factors (affordances in the home environment. In Brazil, the instrument has been translated as "Affordances no Ambiente Domiciliar para o Desenvolvimento Motor - Escala Bebê", and it has been extensively used in several studies that address infant development. These studies in Brazil and other parts of the world highly recommended the need for a normative sample and standardized scoring system. A description of the study that addressed that need, along with the English version of the questionnaire and score sheets, was recently published in the well-known and respected journal Physical Therapy. Our intent with the present short communication is to notify Brazilian investigators and clinicians of this latest update so they can download the new instrument, as well as present the Brazilian (Portuguese version of the AHEMD-IS along with its scoring system.

  5. Annotated English

    CERN Document Server

    Hernandez-Orallo, Jose

    2010-01-01

    This document presents Annotated English, a system of diacritical symbols which turns English pronunciation into a precise and unambiguous process. The annotations are defined and located in such a way that the original English text is not altered (not even a letter), thus allowing for a consistent reading and learning of the English language with and without annotations. The annotations are based on a set of general rules that make the frequency of annotations not dramatically high. This makes the reader easily associate annotations with exceptions, and makes it possible to shape, internalise and consolidate some rules for the English language which otherwise are weakened by the enormous amount of exceptions in English pronunciation. The advantages of this annotation system are manifold. Any existing text can be annotated without a significant increase in size. This means that we can get an annotated version of any document or book with the same number of pages and fontsize. Since no letter is affected, the ...

  6. L’Opéra en version anglaise : un enjeu esthétique ou sociologique ? Opera in English Translation: An Æsthetic or Sociological Issue?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Degott

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The history of English opera has always been conditioned by the ambivalent attitude of English-speaking audiences towards their own language. A close scrutiny of the London theatre seasons of the XVIIIth and XIXth centuries does indeed show a strong split, in terms of aesthetic and sociological considerations, between, on the one hand, the aristocratic Italian seasons of the King’s Theatre in Covent Garden, and the English opera seasons organised by the "lesser" theatres on the other. The aim of this paper is to assess the sociological implications of the use of the English language on the operatic stage. Far from defending the – now absurd – idea of the superiority of English over original versions, this paper shows that English versions of the main repertory were sometimes far ahead of their Italian counterparts at least in terms of artistry and musical authenticity. An example of such a phenomenon is provided by the Old Vic in the 1920s, when Edward Dent’s spirited translations of Mozart’s operas won the theatre the name of "the Home of Mozart." A comparative study of several translations of Mozart’s Le Nozze di Figaro further displays the interrelatedness of the sociological and aesthetic issues of operatic translation.

  7. Analysis of consumer information brochures on osteoporosis prevention and treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mühlhauser, Ingrid

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Evidence-based consumer information is a prerequisite for informed decision making. So far, there are no reports on the quality of consumer information brochures on osteoporosis. In the present study we analysed brochures on osteoporosis available in Germany. Method: All printed brochures from patient and consumer advocacy groups, physician and governmental organisations, health insurances, and pharmaceutical companies were initially collected in 2001, and updated in December 2004. Brochures were analysed by two independent researchers using 37 internationally proposed criteria addressing evidence-based content, risk communication, transparency of the development process, and layout and design. Results: A total of 165 brochures were identified; 59 were included as they specifically targeted osteoporosis prevention and treatment. Most brochures were provided by pharmaceutical companies (n=25, followed by health insurances (n=11 and patient and consumer advocacy groups (n=11. Quality of brochures did not differ between providers. Only 1 brochure presented lifetime risk estimate; 4 mentioned natural course of osteoporosis. A balanced report on benefit versus lack of benefit was presented in 2 brochures and on benefit versus adverse effects in 8 brochures. Four brochures mentioned relative risk reduction, 1 reported absolute risk reduction through hormone replacement therapy (HRT. Out of 28 brochures accessed in 2004 10 still recommended HRT without discussing adverse effects. Transparency of the development process was limited: 25 brochures reported publication date, 26 cited author and only 1 references. In contrast, readability and design was generally good. Conclusion: The quality of consumer brochures on osteoporosis in Germany is utterly inadequate. They fail to give evidence-based data on diagnosis and treatment options. Therefore, the material is not useful to enhance informed consumer choice.

  8. Portland, Oregon: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Portland, OR, a 2007 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  9. Knoxville, Tennessee: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Knoxville, TN, a 2008 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  10. The Your Life@CERN Brochure

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Balancing work and home life, getting support for your family and thriving in an inclusive and respectful workplace: find out more about the support structures in place to enhance your working life@CERN! This video promotes the Your Life@CERN brochure: https://cds.cern.ch/record/2194543

  11. Austin, Texas: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Austin, Texas, a 2007 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  12. San Jose, California: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of San Jose, CA, a 2008 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  13. Denver, Colorado: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Denver, Colorado, a 2008 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  14. Sacramento, California: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Sacramento, CA, a 2008 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  15. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Milwaukee, WI, a 2008 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  16. Houston, Texas: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Houston, TX, a 2008 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  17. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Philadelphia, PA, a 2008 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  18. Orlando, Florida: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Orlando, FL, a 2008 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  19. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Pittsburgh, PA, a 2007 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  20. Sources of Information on Wind Energy (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2001-12-01

    As wind technology continues to mature and the wind industry becomes an increasingly respected member of the energy producing community, a growing number of people require more information about wind energy. Whether you are a business manager, utility engineer, scientific researcher, or an interested energy user, this brochure provides helpful information sources.

  1. Project factsheet for EC DG RTD brochure

    CERN Document Server

    Koutchouk, J P

    2009-01-01

    The European Commission DG Research brochure contains project factsheets for FP7 funded Integrated Activities projects. Each factsheet is one page (recto-verso) detailing the general aims and scope of the project. The factsheets are directed at the general public.

  2. San Antonio, Texas: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of San Antonio, TX, a 2008 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  3. New Orleans, Louisiana: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of New Orleans, LA, a 2007 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  4. 评张培基的英译《背影》%A Critique on Mr. ZHANG Pei-ji' s English Version of Bei Ying

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽娟

    2001-01-01

    朱自清是中国五四时期最出色的散文家之一,其代表作《背影》更是在中国散文中享有盛誉.该作品代表了朱自清的风格:语言平实清晰,感情真挚感人,这一风格的重视应该是决定译文质量的关键因素.以信、达、切为标准,本文旨在对张培基的英译《背影》进行分析评价,并着重剖析其在词汇层、语法层和语篇层的风格翻译.总的来说,本文认为该译文之于原文,不仅内容忠实、表达顺畅且风格十分接近.%ZHU Zi-qing is one of the most distinguished prose writers during the May- Fourth Period. Bei Ying, as one of his representative prose, enjoys a high reputation in modem chinese prose. This prose features his individual style: plain language coupled with sincere emotion, which should be a decisive factor in the acceptance of its translation. Under the guidance of the Trinity Principle Faithfulness, Expressiveness and Closeness, this paper aims to analyze and assess Mr. ZHANG Pei-ji' s English version- the Sight of Father' s Back, stressing on the representation of the original style at the levels of lexicon, syntax and diseourse. It is concluded that,although not perfect, ZHANG' s version has generally achieved faithfulness in content, expressiveness in wording as well as closeness in style to the original text.

  5. Assessing the Multi-faceted Nature of Test Anxiety Among Secondary School Students: An English Version of the German Test Anxiety Questionnaire: PAF-E.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoferichter, Frances; Raufelder, Diana; Ringeisen, Tobias; Rohrmann, Sonja; Bukowski, William M

    2016-05-18

    The current study concerns the validation of an English version of the German Test Anxiety Inventory, namely the PAF-E. This questionnaire is a multi-faceted measure of test anxiety designed to detect normative test anxiety levels and in consequence meet the need of consultancy. Construct and criterion validity of (PAF-E) were examined with a sample of 96 secondary students (Mage = 12.8, SD = 0.67; 55% girls) from an international school in Berlin (Germany) and 399 secondary students (Mage = 13.4, SD = 0.80; 56% girls) from Montréal (Canada). Both samples completed the PAF-E and related constructs, such as school-related self-efficacy, inhibitory test anxiety, achievement motivation, and the Big Five. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the four-factor-structure (worry, emotionality, interfering thoughts, lack of confidence) of the original German Test Anxiety Inventory (PAF). Each subscale consists of five items with a total of 20 questions. Cronbach's alpha, ranging from.71 to.82 among Germans and.77 to.87 among Canadians as well as the re-test reliability (from.80 to.85 among Canadians) were sufficient. The differential patterns of correlations between other constructs and the indices of test anxiety indicate good construct validity. PMID:26407934

  6. 译本中的语码转换:一种语境化信号--以《论语》英译为例%Code Switching in English Versions of the Confucian Lun Yu:A Contextualization Cue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雪芹

    2013-01-01

    Translating, as a communicative activity, is a form of language use. Therefore, translating can be talked about in terms of contextualization. Just like ordinary communicators, translators may also use certain contextualization cues (e.g. code switching) with an attempt to construct a context which can facilitate the communication. Doubtlessly, the English versions should be in English;however, there are Chinese, Latin, French, German and other codes in the English versions of the Confucian Lun Yu. An analysis of code switching in Ku Hung-ming’s, James Legge’s, and William Soothill’s English versions can reveal their respective translation motives and purposes. Understanding the underlying causes of code switching in these versions, a critic can make more objective and reasonable translation criticism.%翻译是一种交际活动,与语言使用没有本质上的区别,因此翻译也是一个语境化过程。跟普通交际者一样,译者也可以使用一些语境化信号(如语码转换)来营造一个有利于实现其交际目的的语境。英译本的常态应是英语,而在《论语》英译本中还出现了汉语、拉丁语、法语、德语等非英语语符。通过分析辜鸿铭、理雅各、苏慧廉等译本的语码转换,可以洞悉各自的翻译动机和目的。同时,了解这些语码转换所揭示的深层内涵,有利于更好地进行翻译批评。

  7. A Contrastive Study of Substitution in The Scholars and Its English Version%《儒林外史》及其英译本替代衔接手段对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李冰

    2010-01-01

    作为语法衔接手段的替代存在于英汉两种语言中.基于韩礼德的衔接理论,以及其英译本为例,对比英汉语中替代的异同,可以促进两种语言本体的研究,对于探讨语法衔接机制的特点和规律有深刻意义.%Substitution exists in English and Chinese as grammatical cohesive device. Based on Halliday's cohesion theory,the paper makes contrast of substitution in The Scholars and its English version. It can promote the research of English and Chinese. It is of great importance to explore the feature and regular pattern of grammatical cohesive devices.

  8. Translating Chinese Poetry into English Poetry and Adaptive Employment of English Poetic Forms--Taking ZHUO Zhen-yin’s English Version of The Verse of Chu as the Example%以诗译诗与借形传神--以卓振英《大中华文库·楚辞》英译为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严晓江

    2014-01-01

    以诗译诗与借形传神是卓振英《楚辞》英译文的特色。译者进行总体审度和合理调适,借用传统英语诗歌的四行诗体、双行偶韵诗体、三行诗体、五行诗体、十行诗体以及半格律半自由诗体等形式,努力再现《楚辞》的意境美,在很大程度上体现了以译入语文化为导向的翻译理念,这在深层次上是因为这种形式借鉴对英语世界读者更具亲和力,它是沟通译入语文化与源语文化的纽带。%The obvious features of ZHUO Zhen-yin’s English Version of The Verse of Chu lies the following aspects: “translating Chinese poetry into English poetry” and “adaptive employment of English poetic forms”. Through overall consideration and reasonable adjustment, the translator tries his best to reflect the beauty of artistic conception of the original text by using different forms of traditional English poetry, including quatrain, couplet, triplet, quintet, ten-line-stanza, and so on, which shows target language culture oriented conception. Such affinity form is a link between target language culture and source language culture.

  9. Food Service Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Food Service. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Masako T.

    This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for food service is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English food service…

  10. 基于语料库的《唐诗三百首》英译本研究%A Corpus-based Study on English Versions of Tangshi Sanbaishou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡筱颖

    2014-01-01

    With descriptive translation theory as the theoretical base, a parallel corpus of the Chinese version of Tangshi Sanbaishou and its two English versions is founded. With the corpus analysis and the use of SPSS, the result shows that there is no adequate cause to prove the evident differences in word types and total words between two English versions. However, there is adequate cause to prove the evi-dent differences in word difficulty between two English versions. The two English versions are quite simi-lar in vocabulary and length, but the version by XU Yuan-chong is more difficult in words and has a more concentrated target reader group, while the version by Witter Bynner and JIANG Kang-hu is easier to read and has a more extensive target reader group. With the target readers in mind, it uses free verse in form, domestication as the main translation strategy and keeps or transfers the images of the original po-ems. Version by XU follows his translation methods of three aspects of beauty and uses rhymed verse in form. It is also characterized by its conciseness and neat pattern.%基于描述翻译研究理论,自建《唐诗三百首》原文及对应两个英译文的小型平行语料库,通过相关语料库软件的分析处理以及SPSS统计软件,结果显示:没有充分的理由证明两个英译本在词汇量和用词总数上有明显差别,但是有充分的理由证明两个英译本在词汇难易程度方面有非常显著的差别。《唐诗三百首》两个英译本在词汇量和译文长度方面非常相似,但是相比之下,许渊冲编译的《唐诗三百首新译》难度更大,目标群体更集中;宾纳、江亢虎的合译本《群玉山头》可读性更强,适应的目标群体更广泛。《群玉山头》从目标文本读者的接受出发,采用自由诗形式,多归化译法,译文详尽,句长参差,富于变化,对于原文中的意象,尽量保留或移植;《唐诗三百首新译》恪

  11. A Comparative Study of the Two English Versions of Slave Mother%《为奴隶的母亲》两个英译本对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭金玲

    2012-01-01

      Slave Mother by Rou Shi is an important work in modern Chinese literature. This paper aims to make a comparative study on the two English versions of this work, respectively translated by Snow and Zhang Peiji. In exploring translation strategies of the two versions, the author of this paper finds Snow’s version inclines to literal translation and emphasizes on keeping words of the original work while Zhang’s version inclines to liberal translation and thick translation.%  柔石的《为奴隶的母亲》是中国现代文学的一篇佳作。该文拟通过对该小说斯诺和张培基所翻译的两个英译本进行对比研究,从译者对人名、比喻、文化负载词的翻译,分析所采取的翻译策略。研究发现,斯诺译本偏向直译,重保留原作词藻,而张培基译本偏向意译和厚翻译,重增补和诠释。

  12. Vecinos y Rehabilitation: Assessing the Needs of Indigenous People with Disabilities in Mexico. Final Report [English Version] = Vecinos y Rehabilitation: Evaluacion de las Necesidades de los Indigenas con Discapacidades en Mexico. Reporte Final [Version en Espanol].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Catherine A.; And Others

    Available in English and Spanish, this document reports on a survey of the circumstances and needs of disabled indigenous people in Oaxaca state, Mexico. Assisted by a Oaxaca disabilities consumer organization and an advisory committee of government officials, health care educators, community service providers, and indigenous people with…

  13. Wind for Schools: A Wind Powering America Project (Alaska) (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-02-01

    This brochure provides an overview of Wind Powering America's Wind for Schools Project, including a description of the project, the participants, funding sources, the basic configurations, and how interested parties can become involved.

  14. Wind for Schools: A Wind Powering America Project (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baring-Gould, I.

    2009-08-01

    This brochure provides an overview of Wind Powering America's Wind for Schools Project, including a description of the project, the participants, funding sources, the basic configurations, and how interested parties can become involved.

  15. IGSC Safety Case Brochure - Final Comment Opportunity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abe Van Luik (IGSC Chairman, US-DOE-YM) gave a quick overview of the status of the IGSC safety case brochure titled: 'The Nature and Purpose of the Post-closure Safety Case in Geological Disposal'. The need for IGSC member review, and the schedule for the review process, was explained. The objective was to have a document to present to the March 2004 RWMC meeting for its approval. In discussion it was noted that this document was in good agreement with the safety case content of the Safety Requirements document described by the preceding presenter. It accurately paraphrases the IAEA document's definition and expands on the idea of a safety case without contradiction of that document

  16. Combination Welding Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Combination Welding. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Masako T.

    This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for combination welding is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English…

  17. Discourse Power and Translator's Style——on a reason behind different styles of two English versions of Hong Lou Meng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊

    2009-01-01

    Style is the core of literary translation whose ultimate destination is the successful conveying of the style of must be their pursue. However, anyone whoever studies the two versions of Hong Lou Meng, must find the striking dif-ference between the Yang's style and that of Hawks'. What caused such differences between versions of the same nov-el? From the perspective of the power of discourse over translator, this study aims to explore one reason molding trans-lator's style and finally finds that, the obvious differences are partly due to the translators' different power of discourse in manipulating the souree text.

  18. Appropriate Methodology for English Language Education in Japan : An Argument for the 'Strong' over the 'Weak' Version of the Communicative Approach

    OpenAIRE

    DA SILVA,, Dexter; ダ・シルバ,, デクスター; Dexter, DA SILVA,

    1996-01-01

    Summarizing the present situation of English language education in Japan, Koike and Tanaka (1995) claim that "It may be said that we are in the middle of some drastic changes and that some confusion about the final choices is inescapable." (p24). These changes refer to government proposals and guidelines which regulate foreign language education in schools in Japan, and specifically pertain to concrete changes in areas such as teaching methods and materials, courses of study, objectives, exam...

  19. A contrastive analysis of English versions of Song You Ren from the perspective of textual-function theory%语篇功能视角下《送友人》英译本的对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范燕

    2014-01-01

    应用韩礼德三大元语言功能之一的语篇功能来对比分析《送友人》的两个不同译本。重点分析主位结构、信息结构和衔接这三个方面的差异对于译文的影响,最后得出语篇功能对于古诗英译翻译批评研究有很好的可操作性和可行性,语篇功能在古诗英译评价体系中有重要作用。用语篇功能理论对《送友人》进行英汉对比分析可以帮助拓宽译者翻译诗歌的思路,相关理论对诗歌译文评价标准也有很好的参考价值。%This paper makes a contrastive analysis of two different English versions of the poem “farewell to a friend” by using the textual-function theory ,one of the three Meta functions of language proposed by Halliday .It an-alyzes the influence of the theme-rheme construction , informative construction and coherence upon the translated versions before concluding that the textual function theory is practicable in the critical research and the evaluation system of the translation of Chinese poems .A Contrastive analysis of two different versions of the poem from the per-spective of the textual function theory riches the ideas of the translator ,and the textual function theory will shed a new light upon the evaluation system of the poem's translated versions .

  20. What is Clean Cities? October 2011 (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    Brochure describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 85 coalitions. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP), Clean Cities is a government-industry partnership that reduces petroleum consumption in the transportation sector. Clean Cities contributes to the energy, environmental, and economic security of the United States by supporting local decisions to reduce our dependence on imported petroleum. Established in 1993 in response to the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992, the partnership provides tools and resources for voluntary, community-centered programs to reduce consumption of petroleum-based fuels. In nearly 100 coalitions, government agencies and private companies voluntarily come together under the umbrella of Clean Cities. The partnership helps all parties identify mutual interests and meet the objectives of reducing the use of petroleum, developing regional economic opportunities, and improving air quality. Clean Cities deploys technologies and practices developed by VTP. These include idle-reduction equipment, electric-drive vehicles, fuel economy measures, and renewable and alternative fuels, such as natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, and biogas. Idle-reduction equipment is targeted primarily to buses and heavy-duty trucks, which use more than 2 billion gallons of fuel every year in the United States while idling. Clean Cities fuel economy measures include public education on vehicle choice and fuel-efficient driving practices.

  1. Lead By Example with Smart Energy Management (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-07-01

    Brochure outlining the mission and activities of the Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program, which facilitates the Federal Government's implementation of sound, cost-effective energy management and investment practices to enhance the nation's energy security and environmental stewardship.

  2. Community Shared Solar: Policy and Regulatory Considerations (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2014-09-01

    This brochure explores the ways in which the shared solar business model interacts with existing policy and regulations, including net metering, tax credits, and securities regulation. It presents some of the barriers that shared solar projects may face, and provides options for creating a supportive policy environment.

  3. Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Minneapolis, MN, a 2008 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  4. Salt Lake City, Utah: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Salt Lake City, UT, a 2007 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  5. Boston, Massachusetts: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Boston, MA, a 2007 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given. The City of Boston and its Solar America Cities program, Solar Boston, are helping to debunk the myth that solar energy is only feasible in the southern latitudes. Boston has some of the highest energy prices in the country and will likely be one of the first locations where solar power achieves grid parity with conventional energy technologies. Solar Boston is facilitating the rapid development of solar energy projects and infrastructure in the short-term, and is preparing for the rapid market growth that is expected with the imminent arrival of grid parity over the long-term. Solar Boston developed the strategy for achieving Mayor Menino's goal of installing 25 MW of solar energy throughout Boston by 2015. Through Solar Boston, the city has developed a strategy for the installation of solar technology throughout Boston, including mapping feasible locations, preparing a permitting guide, and planning the citywide bulk purchase, financing, and installation of solar technology. The city has also worked with local organizations to maximize Boston's participation in state incentive programs and innovative financing initiatives. The resulting accomplishments include the following: (1) Created an online map of current local renewable energy projects with a tool to allow building owners to calculate their rooftop solar potential. The map is currently live at http://gis.cityofboston.gov/solarboston/. (2) Supported the city's Green Affordable Housing Program (GAHP), in partnership with the Department of Neighborhood Development (DND). Under GAHP, the city is installing more than 150 kW of PV on 200 units of affordable housing. DND requires that all new city-funded affordable housing be LEED silver

  6. On Application of House's Translation Quality Assessment Model in Chinese-English Translation—A Case Study of Zhang Peiji' English Version of Dreamlike Childhood%从豪斯的翻译质量评估模式看汉英翻译——以《梦》的英译本为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲茹茹

    2015-01-01

    该文以张培基的英译本《梦》(原作者:冰心)为例,旨在从语场、语旨、语式和体裁四个方面验证豪斯的翻译质量评估模式在汉英翻译中的效度和信度.首先,该文对豪斯的模式进行了阐释,然后在此基础上,对原文和译文做了对比分析,最后在分析结果的基础上肯定了该模式的成就但同时也指出了一些不足.%The paper aims to testify the feasibility and validity of Juliane House's translation quality assessment model in Chi-nese-English translation from the aspects of field,tenor,mode,and genre,taking Zhang Peiji's English version of Dreamlike Childhood as an example.It firstly elucidates House's TQA model and then evaluates the translation quality.At last,it points out some defects of this model without denying its achievements.

  7. Translation Aestheticsand Communication Theory of Journalism English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈曜

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes the present translation theories and standards especially in journalism English translation and imply these theories in my issue. Moreover, I will explain how to apply the translation aesthetics and communication theory of translation in the course of journalism English translation activities. So that translation will achieve elegance in English news text and its Chinese version as well.

  8. 浅谈李白诗歌英译的比较赏析及译者素养%A Comparative Study on English Versions of Li Bai's Poems and the Translators' Qualities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    呼媛玲

    2014-01-01

    Classical Chinese Poetry is the crystal ization of Chinese traditional culture and epitome of the Chinese ancient civilization. Li Bai's poems, on be-half of the Chinese ancient poems in Tang Dynasty, presented the style of simple forms, musical rhythm and variable themes. This thesis begins with the status and characteristics of Li Bai's poems, then it makes a comparative study on three English versions of his Night thoughts and The River Journey from White King City respectively. Final y, the thesis raised the relating qualities for translators.%中国古典诗歌是中国传统文化的结晶。以李白为代表的中国唐代古典诗歌形式简约、声律悦耳、题材丰富,在中国文学宝库中发挥着重要的作用。本文以李白诗歌的地位及特点为切入点,对《静夜思》和《早发白帝城》的三种译文进行比较赏析,对译者素养提出了相应的要求。

  9. A Comparative Study of the Role of Brochures in Tourism Marketing and Communications

    OpenAIRE

    Bodke, Gauri Jayant

    2014-01-01

    The main aim of this research is to extend the academic knowledge and impart managerial implications for determining different contributions of brochures in tourism marketing and communications. The research investigates the role of brochures in the rapid age of advance technological backgrounds where communication with the consumers is becoming highly personalized and engaging. The study examines the role of brochure from the perspective of different companies related to travel i.e. fro...

  10. Greensburg, Kansas: A Better, Greener Place to Live (Revised) (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-10-01

    This Brochure is for Greensburg city leadership (Chamber of Commerce, Mayor's Office, and others) to use to attract visitors and businesses to Greensburg, and to ensure the city?s commitment to sustainability. Content includes EERE subject matter and mentions DOE's role in rebuilding. The layout is designed to be used as a template for other cities in similar situations.

  11. Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Resilience Scale and its short version

    OpenAIRE

    Kondo Maki; Uehara Ritei; Nishi Daisuke; Matsuoka Yutaka

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background The clinical relevance of resilience has received considerable attention in recent years. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Resilience Scale (RS) and short version of the RS (RS-14). Findings The original English version of RS was translated to Japanese and the Japanese version was confirmed by back-translation. Participants were 430 nursing and university psychology students. The RS, Center for Epidemiologi...

  12. English Corner

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶然; 刘之定

    2000-01-01

    There is an English corner in the August 1st Park in Nanchang. You will find it near the bridge. Some young people go there to practise English. There are primary school students, junior middle school students, senior high school students, college students and others have jobs. In the English corner everyone must speak English loudly. They talk about study,

  13. World Englishes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张严心; 周丽

    2014-01-01

    In the current days, the search for information and the need for global communication have already promoted English from being the language of people in different countries as the international language. This essay will give some arguments about the inevitability of variety of world Englishes and its characteristics, and then explain that what Standard English is and examples about the standards in English.

  14. Communicating with Two Million Tourists: A Formative Evaluation of an Interpretive Brochure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moscardo, Gianna

    1999-01-01

    A brochure was designed to communicate information to tourists about the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area and its need for protection. A survey of 673 visitors evaluated the effectiveness of distribution methods, effectiveness of the brochure in communicating its intended messages, map effectiveness, visitor opinions of various brochure…

  15. L’Opéra en version anglaise : un enjeu esthétique ou sociologique ? Opera in English Translation: An Æsthetic or Sociological Issue?

    OpenAIRE

    Pierre Degott

    2009-01-01

    The history of English opera has always been conditioned by the ambivalent attitude of English-speaking audiences towards their own language. A close scrutiny of the London theatre seasons of the XVIIIth and XIXth centuries does indeed show a strong split, in terms of aesthetic and sociological considerations, between, on the one hand, the aristocratic Italian seasons of the King’s Theatre in Covent Garden, and the English opera seasons organised by the "lesser" theatres on the other....

  16. Consumer Culture and Postmodernism (English version)

    OpenAIRE

    Prasidh Raj SINGH

    2011-01-01

    Postmodernism is a variety of meanings and definitions, is used to refer to many aspects of social life from musical forms and styles, literature and fine art through to philosophy, history and especially the mass media and consumer culture. Post modernism is a slippery term that is used by writers to refer to several different things. Featherstone (1991) points out the term has been used to refer to new developments in intellectual and cultural theory. The suggestion that our subjective expe...

  17. TAX HAVENS OUTSIDE EUROPE (English version)

    OpenAIRE

    Nadia Cerasela ANITEI

    2011-01-01

    A majority of American states recognize the death penalty as a lawful and constitutional sentence for the most serious crimes committed by the most dangerous and blameworthy criminals. However, in recent years, numerous flaws in capital punishment systems have caused courts in the United States to reverse death sentences. Over one hundred death row inmates have been exonerated and released from prison. These same problems – racial bias, untrustworthy evidence, police and prosecutor misconduct...

  18. CERN Quick Facts 2016 (English version)

    CERN Multimedia

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2070305

    2016-01-01

    Facts about CERN, the contributions of its Member States, its machines and experiments, the number of its employees and users, management structure, etc. Previously called "CERN General Information Sheet"

  19. Technology Transfer at CERN (english version)

    CERN Multimedia

    Marcastel, F

    2006-01-01

    A brief overview of how CERN's pioneering technologies for scientific research have branched out into various fields. Medicine, industrial processes, information and communication technology, as well as environment and energy fields make use of these innovative developments.

  20. Where are the radioactive wastes in France? Brochure no 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is one of the 6 regional brochures which make the geographical inventory of radioactive wastes in France. For each region, a table lists the recorded sites and a regional map localizes those having a detailed descriptive file. These files mention the most important waste owners (medical, research, nuclear and military industries), the type of waste and the type of management. The polluted sites are also mentioned, even if they are already decontaminated. The volume no 1 concerns the Ile-de-France region (Paris region). (J.S.)

  1. Where are the radioactive wastes in France? Brochure no 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is one of the 6 regional brochures which make the geographical inventory of radioactive wastes in France. For each region, a table lists the recorded sites and a regional map localizes those having a detailed descriptive file. These files mention the most important waste owners (medical, research, nuclear and military industries), the type of waste and the type of management. The polluted sites are also mentioned, even if they are already decontaminated. The volume no 3 concerns the Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Picardie, Champagne-Ardenne, Bourgogne, Alsace, Lorraine, Franche-Comte regions. (J.S.)

  2. Where are the radioactive wastes in France? Brochure no 5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is one of the 6 regional brochures which make the geographical inventory of radioactive wastes in France. For each region, a table lists the recorded sites and a regional map localizes those having a detailed descriptive file. These files mention the most important waste owners (medical, research, nuclear and military industries), the type of waste and the type of management. The polluted sites are also mentioned, even if they are already decontaminated. The volume no 5 concerns the Languedoc-Roussillon and Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur regions, Corsica, and the overseas departements and territories. (J.S.)

  3. Realizing a Clean Energy Future: Highlights of NREL Analysis (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2013-12-01

    Profound energy system transformation is underway. In Hawaiian mythology, Maui set out to lasso the sun in order to capture its energy. He succeeded. That may have been the most dramatic leap forward in clean energy systems that the world has known. Until now. Today, another profound transformation is underway. A combination of forces is taking us from a carbon-centric, inefficient energy system to one that draws from diverse energy sources - including the sun. NREL analysis is helping guide energy systems policy and investment decisions through this transformation. This brochure highlights NREL analysis accomplishments in the context of four thematic storylines.

  4. National Renewable Energy Laboratory: 35 Years of Innovation (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2012-04-01

    This brochure is an overview of NREL's innovations over the last 35 years. It includes the lab's history and a description of the laboratory of the future. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) primary national laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency. NREL's work focuses on advancing renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies from concept to the commercial marketplace through industry partnerships. The Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC, a partnership between Battelle and MRIGlobal, manages NREL for DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

  5. Where are the radioactive wastes in France? Brochure no 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is one of the 6 regional brochures which make the geographical inventory of radioactive wastes in France. For each region, a table lists the recorded sites and a regional map localizes those having a detailed descriptive file. These files mention the most important waste owners (medical, research, nuclear and military industries), the type of waste and the type of management. The polluted sites are also mentioned, even if they are already decontaminated. The volume no 2 concerns the Bretagne (Brittany), Pays de la Loire, Haute-Normandie, Basse-Normandie and Centre regions. (J.S.)

  6. Where are the radioactive wastes in France? Brochure no 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is one of the 6 regional brochures which make the geographical inventory of radioactive wastes in France. For each region, a table lists the recorded sites and a regional map localizes those having a detailed descriptive file. These files mention the most important waste owners (medical, research, nuclear and military industries), the type of waste and the type of management. The polluted sites are also mentioned, even if they are already decontaminated. The volume no 4 concerns the Auvergne and Rhone-Alpes regions. (J.S.)

  7. 从《雷雨》英译本看补偿手段在戏剧翻译中的应用%Application of Compensation Techniques in Drama Translation: A Case Study of the English Version of Thunderstorm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康宁

    2011-01-01

    戏剧是一种特殊的语言艺术形式,它不仅是文学体裁,也是舞台表演艺术,融文学性和戏剧性于一体。戏剧翻译要求译本必须具备双重属性,即可阅读性和可表演性。戏剧演出要受到时空因素的制约,因此要表现丰富的思想内涵和生动的人物形象,戏剧语言就必须通俗、精炼。译者在处理戏剧翻译中的语言和文化差异现象的时候,应灵活运用补偿手段实现源语与目的语的等值效果,从而生成完整的语用意义。本文通过分析《雷雨》英译本,从文化、句法、修辞以及词汇理解四方面入手归纳总结补偿手段在戏剧翻译中的应用。%Drama is a unique art of language. As a literary art as well as a theatrical art, drama is a literary text with highly culture-bound peculiarity to be performed on stage. So drama translation should embrace dual nature: performability and readability. Since drama performance has to be restricted within the specific time and space, so in order to express the rich connotation and create the vivid characters, drama language should be refined and accessible. In drama translation, when dealing with difference in both language and cultural phenomena, the translator should use compensation flexibly to make the equivalence between the source language and the target language so as to produce the entire pragmatic meaning. Based on an analysis of some typical examples in the English version of Thunderstorm, the paper makes research on culture, syntax, rhetoric and vocabulary usage in order to testify to the application of the compensation techniques in drama translation.

  8. Where are the radioactive wastes in France? Brochure no 6; Ou sont les dechets radioactifs en France? Brochure no 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This document is one of the 6 regional brochures which make the geographical inventory of radioactive wastes in France. For each region, a table lists the recorded sites and a regional map localizes those having a detailed descriptive file. These files mention the most important waste owners (medical, research, nuclear and military industries), the type of waste and the type of management. The polluted sites are also mentioned, even if they are already decontaminated. The volume no 6 concerns the Aquitaine, Limousin, Midi-Pyrenees and Poitou-Charentes regions. (J.S.)

  9. Where are the radioactive wastes in France? Brochure no 3; Ou sont les dechets radioactifs en France? Brochure no 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This document is one of the 6 regional brochures which make the geographical inventory of radioactive wastes in France. For each region, a table lists the recorded sites and a regional map localizes those having a detailed descriptive file. These files mention the most important waste owners (medical, research, nuclear and military industries), the type of waste and the type of management. The polluted sites are also mentioned, even if they are already decontaminated. The volume no 3 concerns the Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Picardie, Champagne-Ardenne, Bourgogne, Alsace, Lorraine, Franche-Comte regions. (J.S.)

  10. Where are the radioactive wastes in France? Brochure no 2; Ou sont les dechets radioactifs en France? Brochure no 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This document is one of the 6 regional brochures which make the geographical inventory of radioactive wastes in France. For each region, a table lists the recorded sites and a regional map localizes those having a detailed descriptive file. These files mention the most important waste owners (medical, research, nuclear and military industries), the type of waste and the type of management. The polluted sites are also mentioned, even if they are already decontaminated. The volume no 2 concerns the Bretagne (Brittany), Pays de la Loire, Haute-Normandie, Basse-Normandie and Centre regions. (J.S.)

  11. Where are the radioactive wastes in France? Brochure no 4; Ou sont les dechets radioactifs en France? Brochure no 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This document is one of the 6 regional brochures which make the geographical inventory of radioactive wastes in France. For each region, a table lists the recorded sites and a regional map localizes those having a detailed descriptive file. These files mention the most important waste owners (medical, research, nuclear and military industries), the type of waste and the type of management. The polluted sites are also mentioned, even if they are already decontaminated. The volume no 4 concerns the Auvergne and Rhone-Alpes regions. (J.S.)

  12. Where are the radioactive wastes in France? Brochure no 5; Ou sont les dechets radioactifs en France? Brochure no 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This document is one of the 6 regional brochures which make the geographical inventory of radioactive wastes in France. For each region, a table lists the recorded sites and a regional map localizes those having a detailed descriptive file. These files mention the most important waste owners (medical, research, nuclear and military industries), the type of waste and the type of management. The polluted sites are also mentioned, even if they are already decontaminated. The volume no 5 concerns the Languedoc-Roussillon and Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur regions, Corsica, and the overseas departements and territories. (J.S.)

  13. Where are the radioactive wastes in France? Brochure no 1; Ou sont les dechets radioactifs en France? Brochure no 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This document is one of the 6 regional brochures which make the geographical inventory of radioactive wastes in France. For each region, a table lists the recorded sites and a regional map localizes those having a detailed descriptive file. These files mention the most important waste owners (medical, research, nuclear and military industries), the type of waste and the type of management. The polluted sites are also mentioned, even if they are already decontaminated. The volume no 1 concerns the Ile-de-France region (Paris region). (J.S.)

  14. Explanatory brochure on isotopic age map of peninsular India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document is an explanatory brochure accompanying the isotopic age map of peninsular India. It describes the isotopic age data used to draw the isotopic age map of peninsular India. The map on 1:5,000,000 scale presents the isotopic ages of the Precambrian of Peninsular India. The isotopic age data depicted in the map pertain to the U-Th-Pb, Pb-Pb, Rb-Sr and K-Ar methods. Age data are plotted on a geological base, at the locales from where the samples are reported to have been drawn. Each symbol depicting the age data has four attributes : (1)the material dated, (2)method used and interpretation of the date, (3)the age of the material in million years and (4)the source of information. The explanatory brochure has two parts. Part-I explains the reasons for adopting the geological base map for the isotopic age map. It describes types and levels of confidence of isotopic age data, methodology adopted to evolve the legend, reliability of dates and the database which summarises the stratigraphy. Part-II reviews the geochronological information about the Peninsular Precambrian available till the date of finalisation of the maps in 1983. It brings out the significance of the geological events which make up the geological history of the Peninsular India. (M.G.B.). refs., tabs

  15. Radiological English

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The book is an introductory book to radiological English on the basis that there are a lot of radiologists, radiology residents, radiology nurses, radiology students, and radiographers worldwide whose English level is indeterminate because their reading skills are much higher than their fluency. It is intended to help those health care professionals who need English for their work but do not speak English on a day-to-day basis. (orig.)

  16. Radiological English

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ribes, R. [Hospital Reina Sofia, Cordoba (Spain). Servicio de Radiologia; Ros, P.R. [Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States). Div. of Radiology

    2007-07-01

    The book is an introductory book to radiological English on the basis that there are a lot of radiologists, radiology residents, radiology nurses, radiology students, and radiographers worldwide whose English level is indeterminate because their reading skills are much higher than their fluency. It is intended to help those health care professionals who need English for their work but do not speak English on a day-to-day basis. (orig.)

  17. A Contrastive Genre Analysis of Chinese and American University Ad-mission Brochures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    占小海; 许云柯

    2015-01-01

    This study mainly uses the move and step analysis to conduct a contrastive genre analysis on the selected 20 Chinese ad⁃mission brochures (CABs) and 20 American admission brochures (AABs). Differences in moves, move sequences and step arrange⁃ments have revealed themselves in this comparison. Firstly, Chinese university admission brochures cast more focus on basic infor⁃mation about the university, the application procedure and admission criteria, while American universities, besides offering such in⁃formation, also emphasize the promotional function of the admission brochures. They use appealing and creative moves to commer⁃cially‘sell’advantages of the university to the potential applicants. Secondly, based on Kress&van Leeuwen’s visual grammar symbolic meaning, images and colors in admission brochures are also explored and analyzed as language. For one thing, after count⁃ing the frequency of the four categories of images, namely portrait, campus scenery, campus life pictures and graphs, it is found that, compared with CABs, AABs have a highly more obvious tendency in using images. The images are used as an effective tool to increase the sense of credibility, identity-recognition, attract reader’s attention, and help understanding, making the facts and in⁃formation more intuitive. For another thing, the main colors used in the brochures are yet another noticeable feature. Especially in American brochures, universities tend to use their‘traditional colors’in the brochure to achieve a sense of consistency. Some Chi⁃nese brochures also follow this promotional strategy, yet a large percentage of them do not use any recognizable colors other than the printed black and white. Based on these differences, suggestions are put forward from perspectives including choice of moves and steps to improve the quality of CABs, hopefully raising their acceptance in the international level.

  18. Google Books Bibliography, Version 6

    OpenAIRE

    Bailey, Jr., Charles W.

    2010-01-01

    This bibliography presents selected English-language articles and other works that are useful in understanding Google Books. It primarily focuses on the evolution of Google Books and the legal, library, and social issues associated with it. Where possible, links are provided to works that are freely available on the Internet, including e-prints in disciplinary archives and institutional repositories. Note that e-prints and published articles may not be identical. Bibliography versions are cum...

  19. Proveer igualdad de oportunidades educativas para los estudiantes con conocimientos limitados del idioma ingles (Providing Equality of Educational Opportunity for Students with Limited Knowledge of the English Language).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    This brochure, entirely in Spanish, provides information on federal policy concerning equal educational opportunity for limited-English-proficient (LEP) individuals. It first summarizes the provisions of Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, and the subsequent major Civil Rights Office directives concerning that legislation. It then outlines…

  20. English For, Not English As.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Freitas, J. F.; Adkins, P. V. A.

    1981-01-01

    Describes connotations of the phrases, Teaching English as a Foreign language (TEFL) and Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL) in England. Suggests introduction of English for Native Speakers of Other Languages (ENSOL) as a more appropriate term, which would also incorporate Community Language Learning (CLL) procedures. (BK)

  1. American English vs. British English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahheidaripour, Gholamabbass

    1997-01-01

    The present study, using a totally direct method, investigates, within the framework of sociolinguistics and foreign language teaching in Iran, whether teachers of English prefer British or American variety of English language, and whether their preference corresponds to their performance on a related test. Thirty Iranian English language teachers…

  2. MIDDLE ENGLISH: ENGLISH OR FRENGLISH?

    OpenAIRE

    L.M. Ikalyuk; U.T. Tatsakovych

    2015-01-01

    The article focuses on a general description of Middle English considering the impact of the French language on its development during this period. Despite an extensive number of French borrowings in different layers of the English language, the language remained English and its predominant features were still those of Germanic origin.

  3. Unique Perspectives on a Transforming Energy Economy: 2014 Annual Report (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gossett, S.

    2014-03-01

    What makes JISEA unique? Unique perspectives. This brochure highlights the unique perspectives provided by the Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis through JISEA's recent accomplishments and the people behind them.

  4. Research Support Facility (RSF): Leadership in Building Performance (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-09-01

    This brochure/poster provides information on the features of the Research Support Facility including a detailed illustration of the facility with call outs of energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies. Imagine an office building so energy efficient that its occupants consume only the amount of energy generated by renewable power on the building site. The building, the Research Support Facility (RSF) occupied by the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) employees, uses 50% less energy than if it were built to current commercial code and achieves the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED{reg_sign}) Platinum rating. With 19% of the primary energy in the U.S. consumed by commercial buildings, the RSF is changing the way commercial office buildings are designed and built.

  5. Analyzing the Feasibility of Teaching Critical Reading Strategies with the Abbreviated Version of English Literary Work%批判性阅读策略教学的可行性分析--以英文名著简写本为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董美珍

    2015-01-01

    批判性阅读作为英语教学中培养学生批判性思维的重要途径,得到了国内外学者的关注。本文以英文名著简写本为阅读材料,以高中生为教学对象,探讨适用于小说体裁的批判性阅读策略,以期帮助学生开展批判性阅读,改善批判性思维。%Critical Reading, the important approach of developing students’ critical thinking in English teaching, has gained wide atten-tion from the scholars at home and abroad. This article aims at selecting the appropriate Critical Reading strategies which can be applied in the fictions chosen from the abbreviated version of English literary work and are suitable for High school students in English lesson. The strategies can help the students read critically and improve the students’ critical thinking.

  6. Stroop interference in Chinese and English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, T M; Chan, C C

    2000-08-01

    This study examined whether Chinese and English orthographies would bring about a different Stroop effect. Eighty-five right-handed participants belonging to Chinese-English bilingual and English monolingual groups were invited to participate. The Stroop Color-Word Test - Victoria version (VST) and the Chinese version of the VST (CST) were the outcome measures. The bilinguals completed both the VST and CST, whereas the monolinguals performed only the VST. The results in both between- and within-group comparisons revealed no significant difference in Stroop effect no matter whether Chinese or English orthographies were used. This does not support the orthographic variation hypothesis and suggests that Chinese orthography does not generate a greater Stroop effect than English orthography. PMID:10923056

  7. New Modified English and Hindi Oswestry Disability Index in Low Back Pain Patients Treated Conservatively in Indian Population

    OpenAIRE

    Nishant,; Chhabra, Harvinder Singh; Kapoor, Kulwant Singh

    2014-01-01

    Study Design Prospective cohort study along with questionnaire. Purpose To measure the correlation of the visual analogue score (VAS), with (Oswestry disability Index [ODI], version 2.1a) in English, and modified ODI (English and Hindi version). To validate translated version of the modified ODI in English version to Hindi. Overview of Literature Conflicting evidence in literature regarding the ability for existing ODI score to accurately measure the pain associated disability. Methods One hu...

  8. SPECIAL ENGLISH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    English Language Services, Inc., Washington, DC.

    THIS 14-VOLUME SERIES OF TECHNICAL ENGLISH TEXTS IS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE PRACTICE IN TECHNICAL TERMINOLOGY FOR NON-NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH. LANGUAGE FLUENCY LEVEL IS UPPER-INTERMEDIATE/ADVANCED. THE VARIOUS FIELDS OF INDUSTRY WHICH THE TEXTS DEAL WITH ARE AS FOLLOWS--(1) AGRICULTURE--BOOK 1, SOILS (2) AGRICULTURE--BOOK 2, FIELD CROPS (3)…

  9. CALL English

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barlach, Else

    This multimedia program of English grammar caters specifically for Danish students at Bachelor level. The handbook introduces students to well-established grammatical terminology within the traditional areas of English grammar, and the CD-ROM, which contains about 120 exercises, offers students a...

  10. Maori English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maclagan, Margaret; King, Jeanette; Gillon, Gail

    2008-01-01

    The Maori language is the language of the indigenous people of New Zealand. Today, not all Maori speak the Maori language, and many Maori as well as non-Maori speak Maori English, the fastest growing of the main varieties of New Zealand English. This paper provides a background to the linguistic situation of the Maori populace in New Zealand,…

  11. World Englishes and English Learning in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GONG Ting

    2015-01-01

    The global spread of English is remarkable, for it has developed many different non-native varieties of English (“world Englishes”). On account of the varieties of English, the essay reviews briefly historical causes and relevant literature for English globalization. The issues of English localization, who is qualified as English instructor, what kind of English to learn and how is English changing in China are included. The essay discusses also the implications of World Englishes for English language learning and proposes three points in the context of learning English in China:(1) English language learning should take into account the changes of English;(2)attitude towards global and local English variants should be properly treated;(3)compared with English test results, more attention must be paid to practical communication competences.

  12. Contrast between China English and Chinese English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨公建

    2014-01-01

    With the globalization of English,the discussion about China English and Chinese English attracts many scholars’ interest and attention.The concept of China English and Chinese English usual y makes people confused, so the article wil make some tentative contrasts in terms of definition、attributes and causes of the two terms and make people have a clear comprehension of China English and Chinese English.

  13. English Movies and English Learning in College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张爽

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, English movies have been considered as one of the most effective ways to assist students to keep interest in improving their English abilities and enlarge their English vocabularies, as well as their cross cultural communicative ability. Based on the functions of English movies, which make them meet the needs of college students’English acquisition, this paper ana⁃lyzes the advantages of English movies in English learning.

  14. The English Movies and the English Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔琳琳

    2014-01-01

    English learning has always been a big problem to Chinese learners. The learners pay much more attention to the vocabulary and the grammar. Acctually, they can hardly speak English as native speakers and never really understand the English because the real English environment doesn’t exist in our country in which English is only used as a foreign language. Then English movies provide the learners with what they need in English learning.

  15. 从文本特征定量分析看《桃花源记》英译本的词语操作常规%An Analysis of Textual Features on Lexical Operation Norms in English Versions of Tao Hua Yuan Ji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒲璞; 胡显耀

    2012-01-01

    The English versions of Tao Hua Yuan Ji by LIN Yutang and A. R. Davis are fucosed on as the research objects. Starting from Toury's descriptive translation studies and taking Halliday's systemic functional linguistics as the text-analyzing methods, from the three aspects of transitivity, namely, process, participant and circumstantial element, the lexical characteristics of the two versions are analyzed, which finds that the lexical operation norms of LIN's version possess the characteristics of explicitation and simplification, while Davis' more obviously show implicitation and complication. It is concluded that the general lexical operation norms of Lin's is inclined to the convention expectation norms, whereas Davis' to the foreignness expectation norms.%以《桃花源记》中林语堂和A.R.Davis的译本为研究对象,从Toury的描写翻译学出发,采取Halliday系统功能语言学的文本分析方法,从及物性的三个方面,即过程、参与者和环境成分对两个英译本的词语特征进行分析,发现林译本词语操作具有明确和简化特征,戴译本暗含和显化特征更为明显。林译本总体趋向传统化期待常规,而戴译本趋向陌生化期待常规。

  16. ENGLISH TRAINING

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an "application for training" form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt. LANGUAGE TRAINING Françoise Benz tel. 73127 language.training@cern.ch PLACES AVAILABLE Writing Professional Documents in English This course is designed for people with a good level of spoken English who need to improve their professional writing (administrative, scientific, technical). Duration: 20 hours (2 hours a week) Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) Date and timetable will be fixed when there are sufficient participants enrolled. Oral Expression This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their sp...

  17. A cross-sectional evidence-based review of pharmaceutical promotional marketing brochures and their underlying studies: Is what they tell us important and true?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taylor Lockwood G

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A major marketing technique used by pharmaceutical companies is direct-to-physician marketing. This form of marketing frequently employs promotional marketing brochures, based on clinical research, which may influence how a physician prescribes medicines. This study's objective was to investigate whether or not the information in promotional brochures presented to physicians by pharmaceutical representatives is accurate, consistent, and valid with respect to the actual studies upon which the promotional brochures are based. Methods Physicians in five clinics were asked to consecutively collect pharmaceutical promotional brochures and to send them all to a centralized location. The brochures for any class of medication were collected on a continuous basis until 20 distinct promotional brochures were received by a central location. Once the brochure was received, the corresponding original study was obtained. Two blinded reviewers performed an evidence-based review of the article, comparing data that was printed on the brochure to what was found in the original study. Results Among the 20 studies, 75% of the studies were found to be valid, 80% were funded by the pharmaceutical company, 60% of the studies and the corresponding brochures presented patient-oriented outcomes, and 40% were compared to another treatment regimen. Of the 19 brochures that presented the data as graphs, 4 brochures presented a relative risk reduction while only 1 brochure presented an absolute risk reduction. 15% of the promotional marketing brochures presented data that was different from what was in the original published study. Conclusion Given the present findings, physicians should be cautious about drawing conclusions regarding a medication based on the marketing brochures provided by pharmaceutical companies.

  18. Silent English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    David; Lwid

    2002-01-01

    In 1968 an American linguist,answering the question “How do you pronounceTESOL?”[the acronym(只取首字母的缩写词)of the Association of Teachers ofEnglish to Speaders of Other Languages] answered:“T as in castle,E as in give,Sas in island,O as in people,and L as in calm.” In fact you can,with some use ofproper names and loan words,create a complete silent alphabet for English,asfollows:

  19. Making out in English (English phrasebook)

    CERN Document Server

    Crownover, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Making Out in English is a fun, accessible and thorough English phrase book and guide to the English language as it's really spoken. If you are a student, businessman or tourist traveling to the English speaking world and would like to have an authentic and meaningful experience, the key is being able to speak like a local. This friendly and easy-to-use English phrasebook makes this possible. Making Out in English has been revised and redesigned to act as a guide to modern colloquial English for use in everyday informal interactions—giving access to the sort of catchy English expressions that

  20. Tribal Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Development on Tribal Lands (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-09-01

    This 12-page brochure provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Tribal Energy Program and describes the financial, technical, and educational assistance it provides to help tribes develop their renewable energy resources and reduce their energy consumption.

  1. USVI Energy Road Map: Charting the Course to a Clean Energy Future (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-07-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the integrated clean energy deployment process and progress of the Energy Development in Island Nations U.S. Virgin Islands pilot project road map, including over-arching goals, organization, strategy, technology-specific goals and accomplishments, challenges, solutions, and upcoming milestones.

  2. Tribal Energy Program, Assisting Tribes to Realize Their Energy Visions (Brochure), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2013-06-01

    This 12-page brochure provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Tribal Energy Program and describes the financial, technical, and educational assistance it provides to help tribes develop their renewable energy resources and reduce their energy consumption.

  3. Choosing variants of pragmatic argumentation in anticipation of countermoves in health brochures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L. van Poppel

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, I will determine the strategic function of the use of four variants of pragmatic argumentation in the context of advisory health brochures. I argue that each variant functions as a strategic manoeuvre that deals with potential countermoves: with variant I and II writers can address an

  4. Clean Cities Tools: Tools to Help You Save Money, Use Less Petroleum, and Reduce Emissions (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2012-01-01

    Clean Cities Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) features a wide range of Web-based tools to help vehicle fleets and individual consumers reduce their petroleum use. This brochure lists and describes Clean Cities online tools related to vehicles, alternative fueling stations, electric vehicle charging stations, fuel conservation, emissions reduction, fuel economy, and more.

  5. English courses

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2010-01-01

    New courses University of Cambridge ESOL examination course We will be starting two new courses in October leading to the Cambridge First Certificate in English (level B2 of the European Framework) and the Cambridge Advanced English (level C1) examinations. These courses will consist of two semesters of 15 weeks with two two-hourly classes per week. There will be an average of eight students per class. Normally the examination will be taken in June 2011 but strong participants could take it earlier. People wishing to take these courses should enrol: http://cta.cern.ch/cta2/f?p=110:9:1927376177842004::NO::X_COURSE_ID,X_STATUS:4133%2CD and they will then be required to take a placement test to check that their level of English is of an appropriate level. Please note that we need a minimum of seven students enrolled to open a session. For further information please contact Tessa Osborne 72957. General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place: From 4th October 2010 to 5th Feb...

  6. English Training

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place: from 03 March to 28 June 2003 (2 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the Cern site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mrs. Benz: tel.73127 or Mr. Liptow: tel.72957. Writing Professional Documents in English This course is designed for people with a good level of spoken English. Duration: 20 hours (2 hours a week) Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) For registration and further information, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mrs. Tessa Osborne: Tessa.Osborne@cern. Oral Expression This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be approximately 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, rol...

  7. English Training

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place: from 03 March to 28 June 2003 (2 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the Cern site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mrs. Benz: tel.73127 or Mr. Liptow: tel.72957. Writing Professional Documents in English This course is designed for people with a good level of spoken English. Duration: 20 hours (2 hours a week) Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) For registration and further information, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mrs. Tessa Osborne: Tessa.Osborne@cern. Oral Expression This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be approximately 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-p...

  8. English Downfall

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theamishaugur

    2009-01-01

    In a remix of the infamous Hitler meme--taking a scene from the movie, "Downfall" (2005), and adding subtitles appropriate (in this case) for "Kairos" readers--theamishaugur makes a pointed, humorous (to some) commentary on the status of multimodal composition scholars in English departments during job market season.

  9. Living English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speight, Stephen

    1977-01-01

    The latest (July, 1976) edition of the "Concise Oxford Dictionary" is seen as "prescriptive," and of limited use to foreigners, since it lacks an international phonetic transcription. It is questioned whether sufficient treatment is given to new words, scientific words, non-British English, obscene language, change of meaning, and obsolescence.…

  10. English Phonetics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    foundational work on dialectology, intonation theory and practice, the growth of broadcasting and the influence of radio (especially the BBC) on the establishment of a de facto standard southern British English pronunciation. Making readily available materials which have until now been very difficult...

  11. The Development of the English Developmental Contrastive Spelling Test: A Tool for Investigating Spanish Influence on English Spelling Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Elizabeth R.; Arteagoitia, Igone; Louguit, Mohammed; Malabonga, Valerie; Kenyon, Dorry M.

    2006-01-01

    This article describes the development of an English spelling measure designed to assess the progress made by Spanish-English bilingual children from Grade 2 to Grade 5. Different stages of developing the measure are described, such as selecting the focus features, the prepilot and pilot phases, and the operational version. Two underlying…

  12. Malaysia Promotes Excellence in English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murugesan, Vinodini

    2003-01-01

    Highlights the role of English in Malaysia, English in the education system, students learning English, English teachers, instruction and the syllabus, inservice support, private English education, English in tertiary education, and opportunities for teachers in Malaysia. (VWL)

  13. 政府网站外宣翻译规范性探讨——以舟山市政府网站的英文版为例%Translational Norms and Translating Governmental Website Material for International Publicity -- A Case Study of the English Version of Zhoushan Governmental Website

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚艳波

    2012-01-01

    This paper inquires into translational norms and the translation of governmental website material for international publicity. Based on Chesterman's theory, the paper has conducted a close examination on the English version of Zhoushan governmental website from the linguistics, pragmatic and cultural perspectives, and according to Chesterman's theory of translation assessment, it is found that the deficiency in the English version is caused by translators' failure to comply with accountability norms, expectancy norms, relation norms and communication norms. The paper proposes that in addition to the efforts to be made by governmental organizations, when translating material for international publicity translators should have a clear awareness and adopt proper and flexible translational strategies and methods governed by professional norms so as to achieve the target language community's expectancy norms and fulfill "clarity", "truth", "trust" and "understanding", the translation ethics underlying translational norms.%政府网站的英文版属于外宣翻译的范畴。本文作为个案研究,以切斯特曼的翻译规范论为理论依据,分析了舟山市政府网站英文版在语言、语用和文化这三方面存在的问题及缘由,提出政府相关部门和译者应共同努力,提高政府网站英文版的质量,尤其是译者应具有较强的外宣翻译意识,采用合适的翻译策略和方法使政府网站的英文版符合目标语读者对译文的规范期待,从而实现切斯特曼的翻译规范论中的“明晰”、“真实”、“信任”、“理解”四种价值观。

  14. English training

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    You have a good level of English BUT... You still need to improve your speaking or You have problems writing professional documents Would you like to work in a small group on either of these areas? Then, the following courses are for you! Writing Professional Documents in English The aim of the course is for students to improve their professional writing. Participants will work on technical, scientific or administrative documents depending on the needs of the group. Duration: 20 hours (2 hours a week) Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) Oral Expression The emphasis will be on oral expression with necessary feed-back. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. Duration: 20 hours (2 hours a week) Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) For registration and further information, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow: tel. 72957 / Mrs. Tessa Osborne: Tessa.Osborne@cern.ch.

  15. English Training

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    You have a good level of English BUT... You still need to improve your speaking or You have problems writing professional documents Would you like to work in a small group on either of these areas? Then, the following courses are for you! Writing Professional Documents in English The aim of the course is for students to improve their professional writing. Participants will work on technical, scientific or administrative documents depending on the needs of the group. Duration: 20 hours (2 hours a week) Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) Oral Expression The emphasis will be on oral expression with necessary feed-back. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. Duration: 20 hours (2 hours a week) Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) For registration and further information, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow: tel. 72957 / Mrs. Tessa Osborne: Tessa.Osborne@cern.ch.

  16. The "New Oxford English Dictionary" Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fawcett, Heather

    1993-01-01

    Describes the conversion of the 22,000-page Oxford English Dictionary to an electronic version incorporating a modified Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) syntax. Explains that the database designers chose structured markup because it supports users' data searching needs, allows textual components to be extracted or modified, and allows…

  17. TESOL Expertise in the Empire of English

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Phillipson, Robert

    2013-01-01

    A version of a keynote address at the Australian Council of TESOL Associations (ACTA) International Conference 2012 held in Cairns. Responding to the issue of TESOL as global trade, Phillipson explores the historical purposes of using English as an imperial language and as a dominant language of...

  18. English courses

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Cours d'anglais général et professionnel La prochaine session se déroulera du 4 mars jusqu’au 21 juin 2013. Ces cours s'adressent à toute personne travaillant au CERN ainsi qu'à leur conjoint. Pour le détail des cours proposés, consultez nos pages web. Oral Expression The next sessions will take place from 4 March to 21 June 2013. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to enhance their speaking skills. There will be on average of 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. More information here. Writing Professional Documents in English - Administrative Writing Professional Documents in English - Technical The next sessions will take place from 4 March to 21 June 2013. These courses are designed for people with a goo...

  19. English course

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2011-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next sessions will take place: From 3rd October 2011 to beginning of February 2012 (break at Christmas). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Kerstin Fuhrmeister, tel. 70896. Oral Expression The next sessions will take place from 3rd October 2011 to beginning of February 2012 (break at Christmas). This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to enhance their speaking skills. There will be on average of 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Kerstin Fuhrmeister, tel. 70896. Writing Professional Documents in English - Administrative Wr...

  20. ENGLISH BOOK CLUB

    CERN Multimedia

    English Book Club

    2009-01-01

    http://club-englishbookclub.web.cern.ch A note to our members Dear Members, Many thanks to all of you who have paid up now. However, there are still some late payers and Morna would appreciate knowing if they will pay for 2009/2010 or if they have left the club. At the AGM on 17 November it was decided that a 3 month delay for key reimbursement will be given to all present and past members, BUT after 31.3.2010 no reimbursement will be given out. We are in the process of making changes to the access to the club for paid-up, active members only. Some of you have told Morna you will pay on your next visit to CERN, that is ok but please try to do this by 15 December if possible. A new version of the club’s book data-base is available on the web: http://club-englishbookclub.web.cern.ch/club-englishbookclub/Export/index.html The English Book Club has a growing collection of over 4500 English language books, mostly general fiction with a sprinkling of nonfiction and children’s books. New books...

  1. English Book Club

    CERN Multimedia

    English Book Club

    The minutes of the AGM held on Tuesday November 17th can now be found on the club web-site: http://club-englishbookclub.web.cern.ch. A new version of the club’s book data-base is also available on the web: http://club-englishbookclub.web.cern.ch/club-englishbookclub/Export/index.html The last book selection for 2009 is done and the order for the new books has been placed, with luck they will be on the shelves before the end of year break. The English Book Club has a growing collection of over 4500 English language books, mostly general fiction with a sprinkling of nonfiction and children’s books. New books are purchased regularly and the books are shelved in our club room which is accessible to members at all times. Membership is open to all (staff and external) and there is a special tariff for short term students. See the club’s website at http://cern.ch/englishbookclub for more details.

  2. Chinese Borrowings in English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JU Li-li

    2014-01-01

    There are eight types of English word formation, which are widely used nowadays in English. Among them, Borrowings, as one of widely used types of English word formation, has drawn people's attention because many English words are borrowed from other languages, such as German, Latin. This article aims to demonstrate Chinese Borrowings in English from two aspects.

  3. USING ENGLISH FILMS IN COLLEGE ENGLISH CLASSES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhuHanchang; ShiHongshi

    2004-01-01

    English films are valuable and rich resources for English learning and teaching in that they present colloquial English in more "realistic" contexts, an opportunity of being exposed to different native speaker voices,slang, reduced speeches, stress, accents, ana dialects, This article introauces the criteria of choosing appropriate films to promote active viewing and effective involvement of non-English majors to make the most of films as well as some practical skills of integrating English course book learning with English films in English classes. Besides, some effective means are provided for data building and video clip making in the hope of stimulating more teachers to use English movies effectively in College English classes.

  4. Foreignizing Tendency of Culture --Transfer of the Cultural Images in the English Version of To L/re from Media -Translatology%文化的迁移——从译介学角度看《活着》英译本中文化意象的传递

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高辉

    2012-01-01

    文化意象的传递是不同民族文化在翻译中碰撞、交流、接受的过程。在传递过程中很多文化意象会发生淡化、扭曲、变形。从译介学角度出发分析《活着》英译本,可以窥斑见豹,了解中国思维习惯、历史习俗、宗教文化在翻译传递过程中的变化情况,以及译介过程中文化的迁移及译者所承担的责任。%The transfer of cultural images is the process of cultural clash and communication in different nations. During the process of it, a large number of cultural images are broken and even distorted. From the perspective of media - translatology, this essay, taking the example of the English version of YU Hua' s novel To Live, is to analyze the changed dements in Chinese thinking habit, historical conventions as well as the religious culture. And it aims at arguing the cultural foreignizing tendency and the major responsibility of translators.

  5. The Reproduction of Poetic Beauty in Theatrical Translation:A Tentative Analysis Based on Two English Versions of Some Special Expressions in Teahouse%试析诗性美在戏剧翻译中的再现--以《茶馆》几个特殊表达方式的两个英译本为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟清; 唐伟玲

    2014-01-01

    Poetic beauty is one of the essential features of theatrical language, and the employment of special expressions is an important means to create the poetic beauty of theatrical language. Consequently, the handling of special expressions often affects the reproduction of poetic beauty in theatrical translation. Based on two English versions of a few special expressions in Teahouse, this article explores some specific approaches to the reproduc-tion of poetic beauty in theatrical translation.%诗性美是戏剧语言的基本特点之一,而特殊表达方式的应用往往是创造戏剧语言诗性美的重要手段。因此,戏剧翻译中特殊表达方式的处理往往会影响到诗性美的再现效果。在此以《茶馆》中几个特殊表达方式的两个英译本为基本语料探讨了戏剧翻译中再现诗性美的一些具体途径。

  6. ANALYSIS ON THE STRATEGIES OF TRANSLATION COMPENSATION IN MR. YANG'S ENGLISH VERSION OF A DREAM OF RED MANSION%浅析翻译中的文化补偿策略——以《红楼梦》杨译本为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包相玲

    2012-01-01

    翻译在跨文化信息交流中是一种重要的信息转化手段。由于文化的民族性和多样性特征,译者在翻译活动中难免会遭遇到文化缺省的现象,因此翻译时必须采取适当的补偿策略,才能使译文读者欣赏到原作所体现的异域文化。本文以《红楼梦》的杨译本为例来探讨翻译中的文化缺省现象及文化补偿策略。%Translation is a kind of cross-cultural information communication activity. Because of the cultural diversity and its historical characteristics, it is unavoidable to experience cultural default in translation. Thus some translation compensation strategies should be adopted in order to make readers appreciate the essence of foreign culture. This paper intends to discuss the strategies of translation compensation for cultural default with examples from A Dream of Red Mansion of Mr. Yang 's English version.

  7. China English, a Variety of English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴卞

    2009-01-01

    With the economic globalization and the increasing interactiom between countries, English is more and more widely used as a means of international communication. It is not singly owned by one country or one nation, but has become an intermediate means of information. Inevitably, various varieties of English appeared as the result of the wide application of English. Theses varieties represent their own national and cultural characteristics. China English is one of these varieties. The paper makes an introduction to China English, analyses its characteristics through examples and points out the future development of China English.

  8. Anguished English

    CERN Document Server

    Lederer, Richard

    2006-01-01

    Anguished English is the impossibly funny anthology of accidental assaults upon our common language. From bloopers and blunders to Signs of the Times to Mixed-Up Metaphors . . . from Two-Headed Headlines to Mangling Modifiers . . . it's a collection that will leave you roaring with delight and laughter.Help wanteds:Wanted: Unmarried girls to pick fresh fruit and produce at night.Two-Headed Headlines:Grandmother of eight makes hole in one!Doctor testifies in horse suit.Modern-Day Malapropisms:I suffer from a deviant septum.

  9. Better Building Alliance, Plug and Process Loads in Commercial Buildings: Capacity and Power Requirement Analysis (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2014-09-01

    This brochure addresses gaps in actionable knowledge that can help reduce the plug load capacities designed into buildings. Prospective building occupants and real estate brokers lack accurate references for plug and process load (PPL) capacity requirements, so they often request 5-10 W/ft2 in their lease agreements. This brochure should be used to make these decisions so systems can operate more energy efficiently; upfront capital costs will also decrease. This information can also be used to drive changes in negotiations about PPL energy demands. It should enable brokers and tenants to agree about lower PPL capacities. Owner-occupied buildings will also benefit. Overestimating PPL capacity leads designers to oversize electrical infrastructure and cooling systems.

  10. American and British English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁波

    2004-01-01

    @@ The difficulty for the nonnative learner of English is there is no standard English form. He is confronted(面对) with two English dialects (方言) to learn: British English and American English (leaving aside Australian,Indian, South African English ete.) And despite the many cross-cultural influences, it seems that the vocabularies, spellings and pronunciations of these two dialects are diverging year by year.

  11. Beyond the brochure. Administrators play key role in positioning the practice, aligning marketing with mission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redling, Bob

    2007-04-01

    Marketing doesn't start and stop with a glossy brochure, a display ad in the local Yellow Pages or a Web site. Those are merely tactics that a medical group practice might use to position its physicians' services in the community. Marketing and planning support a medical group's mission and vision--and its strategic plan. The adminstrator must demonstrate this connection to physicians and educate them about what marketing really is. PMID:17486772

  12. Pharmaceuticals companies' promotional brochures: do they display reliable and useful medications' information?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Addin Mohammad Ahmad Idris

    2014-08-01

    Conclusions: Screened brochures were found to display poorly reliable and unbalanced medication information. Healthcare providers shall, accordingly, seek independent medication information sources, and not solely depend on commercial sources of medication information. Official regulators shall strictly define and mandate medication information contents in printed pharmaceutical promotional materials. Healthcare providers should, also, master the skills of appraising such promotional printed materials if rational medication use is to be achieved. [Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol 2014; 3(4.000: 671-675

  13. English as an International Language and English Teaching in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Yuan

    2014-01-01

    This study discusses English as an international language and English teaching in China. Concerning this subject, the paper elaborates the following seven aspects:the concept and features of English as an international language, emergence of new varieties of Englishes, emergence of new varieties of Englishes, the impact of economic globalization on the scope of the English language, the controversy of English standardization and localization, English localization in China and the revelation of English globalization to English teaching.

  14. School version of ESTE EU

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ESTE EU is information system and software for radiological impacts assessment to the territory of the country in case of radiation accident inside/outside of the country .The program enables to model dispersion of radioactive clouds in small-scale and meso-scale. The system enables the user to estimate prediction of the source term (release to the atmosphere ) for any point of radiation/nuclear accident in Europe (for any point of the release, but especially for the sites of European power reactors ). The system enables to utilize results of real radiological monitoring in the process of source term estimation. Radiological impacts of release to the atmosphere are modelled and calculated across the Europe and displayed in the geographical information system (GIS). The school version of ESTE EU is intended for students of the universities which are interested in or could work in the field of emergency response, radiological and nuclear accidents, dispersion modelling, radiological impacts calculation and urgent or preventive protective measures implementation. The school version of ESTE EU is planned to be donated to specialized departments of faculties in Slovakia, Czech Republic, etc. System can be fully operated in Slovak, Czech or English language. (authors)

  15. English Vowels: A World English Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Islam, S.M.Arifull

    2005-01-01

    In spite of having a fixed standard of pronunciation, English is being used in various ways in parts of the world, particularly in its way of utterance. English vowel is playing one of the significant roles in making different varieties of English language. This essay tries to see into detail how some phonetic features (formant movement, frequency, pitch) of English vowels vary in relation to Bengali, Catalan, Italian, Spanish and Swedish speakers. It has been found that all these speakers va...

  16. Integrating China English into College English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永仙

    2016-01-01

    China English does exist, which is reconfirmed by salient linguistic features illustrated and documented by many research scholars. This paper explores some pedagogical implications addressing the issue of integrating China English into college English teaching to enhance learners' confidence and competence in cross-cultural communication.

  17. World Englishes and English-Using Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kachru, Braj B.

    1997-01-01

    A review of literature since 1990 on world English focuses on theoretical, conceptual, descriptive, ideological, and power-related issues, including: types of diaspora; English-using communities; dynamics of those communities; monolingual paradigms and heteroglossic English forms; transcultural literary creativity; codification and authentication…

  18. Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Resilience Scale and its short version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kondo Maki

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The clinical relevance of resilience has received considerable attention in recent years. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Resilience Scale (RS and short version of the RS (RS-14. Findings The original English version of RS was translated to Japanese and the Japanese version was confirmed by back-translation. Participants were 430 nursing and university psychology students. The RS, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES, Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ, Perceived Stress Scale (PSS, and Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS were administered. Internal consistency, convergent validity and factor loadings were assessed at initial assessment. Test-retest reliability was assessed using data collected from 107 students at 3 months after baseline. Mean score on the RS was 111.19. Cronbach's alpha coefficients for the RS and RS-14 were 0.90 and 0.88, respectively. The test-retest correlation coefficients for the RS and RS-14 were 0.83 and 0.84, respectively. Both the RS and RS-14 were negatively correlated with the CES-D and SDS, and positively correlated with the RSES, SSQ and PSS (all p Conclusions This study demonstrates that the Japanese version of RS has psychometric properties with high degrees of internal consistency, high test-retest reliability, and relatively low concurrent validity. RS-14 was equivalent to the RS in internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and concurrent validity. Low scores on the RS, a positive correlation between the RS and perceived stress, and a relatively low correlation between the RS and depressive symptoms in this study suggest that validity of the Japanese version of the RS might be relatively low compared with the original English version.

  19. The Effect of English Verbal Songs on Connected Speech Aspects of Adult English Learners’ Speech Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farshid Tayari Ashtiani

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study was an attempt to investigate the impact of English verbal songs on connected speech aspects of adult English learners’ speech production. 40 participants were selected based on the results of their performance in a piloted and validated version of NELSON test given to 60 intermediate English learners in a language institute in Tehran. Then they were equally distributed in two control and experimental groups and received a validated pretest of reading aloud and speaking in English. Afterward, the treatment was performed in 18 sessions by singing preselected songs culled based on some criteria such as popularity, familiarity, amount, and speed of speech delivery, etc. In the end, the posttests of reading aloud and speaking in English were administered. The results revealed that the treatment had statistically positive effects on the connected speech aspects of English learners’ speech production at statistical .05 level of significance. Meanwhile, the results represented that there was not any significant difference between the experimental group’s mean scores on the posttests of reading aloud and speaking. It was thus concluded that providing the EFL learners with English verbal songs could positively affect connected speech aspects of both modes of speech production, reading aloud and speaking. The Findings of this study have pedagogical implications for language teachers to be more aware and knowledgeable of the benefits of verbal songs to promote speech production of language learners in terms of naturalness and fluency.Keywords: English Verbal Songs, Connected Speech, Speech Production, Reading Aloud, Speaking 

  20. Spanish Language Versions of the Depression Adjective Check Lists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubin, Bernard; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The study aimed to develop an instrument that could be used for mental health research with Spanish-speaking populations. The Depression Adjective Check Lists (DACL) used to measure depressive mood was translated into Spanish and administered to 70 Hispanic subjects. Reliability determinations were high and close to those for the English version.…

  1. Introducing Business English

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nickerson, C.; Planken, B.C.

    2015-01-01

    Introducing Business English provides a comprehensive overview of this topic, situating the concepts of Business English and English for Specific Business Purposes within the wider field of English for Special Purposes. This book draws on contemporary teaching and research contexts to demonstrate th

  2. Japanese Media in English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Sachiko Oda

    1995-01-01

    Describes the use of English in the media in Japan, focusing on the role and history of English-language newspapers, radio, and television programs, as well as the proliferation of English-language films shown in Japanese cinemas. Discusses the implications of English in the Japanese media. (20 references) (MDM)

  3. Application of English Euphemisms in English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Si-si

    2015-01-01

    With the rapid development of the society, people are expected to improve their language quality as well. So when people have to express something unpleasant, they prefer to employ some mild, implicit and euphemistic expressions. Meanwhile, an increasing number of scientists indulge themselves in studying English euphemisms from different perspectives, such as linguis⁃tics, pragmatics, and psychology and so on. English Euphemisms applied in class can not only help create a relaxing and lively at⁃mosphere but also protect the students’self-esteem and stimulate their interests in English. However, the researches on the ef⁃fects of applying English euphemisms in English class are few. Therefore, Based on Face-saving Theory, this paper intends to highlight the importance of applying English euphemisms in English teaching.

  4. The Differences between British English and American English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章继宁

    2013-01-01

    British English and American English are two varieties of English. American English derived from British English and they have many similarities and differences. British English and American English are different in pronunciation, spelling, vocabu⁃lary and customary usage/syntax, etc.

  5. Teachers' Sense of Self-Efficacy, English Proficiency, and Instructional Strategies: A Study of Nonnative EFL Teachers in Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eslami, Zohreh R.; Fatahi, Azizullah

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the efficacy beliefs of nonnative English speaking (NNES) Iranian EFL teachers. EFL teachers' perceptions of their teaching efficacy in terms of personal capabilities to teach English as a Foreign Language (EFL) and their perceived English language proficiency level were examined. A modified version of the Teacher Sense of…

  6. Improve Student’s English Intonation by Dubbing English Movies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈文燕

    2014-01-01

    In English learning, pronunciation is the most basic and important English ability, and intonation is the most important part in pronunciation. However, current English education does not pay enough attention to it. English movies, integrating script, picture and audio, vividly and intuitively embody the social culture and life at a certain time of English-speaking countries. English movies provide a vivid environment of English. Therefore, learning English through dubbing English movies is a good way to improve student's intonation.

  7. The Glocalization of English

    OpenAIRE

    Xiuhua Shi

    2013-01-01

    The spread of English around the world provides an ideal focus for the study of glocalization. Focusing on the glocalization of English as it has spread in the context of Mainland China, this article examines the nature and impact of the social transformations that have taken place as a result of the global expansion of English and how English has been glocalized in the ecology of Mainland China. The article analyzes the appropriation, adaptation, and differentiation of English in Mainland Ch...

  8. Kaupuni Village: A Closer Look at the First Net-Zero Energy Affordable Housing Community in Hawai'i (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2012-05-01

    This is the first of four Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative community brochures focused on HCEI success stories. This brochure focuses on the first LEED Platinum net-zero energy affordable housing community in Hawaii. Our lead NREL contact for HCEI is Ken Kelly.

  9. Report 1986 - abridged version

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a non-technical progress report (in English) of the activities of the Research Centre Seibersdorf in the fields of Energy and Safety, Materials Research, Isotope and Radiation Techniques, Environment Protection, Health and Food and Industrial Consulting. (qui)

  10. The Inspiration of China English on English Writing to Sophomore English Majors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张芳

    2014-01-01

    China English is the inevitable product of English globalization. When issues of Chinese characteristics are introduced in the inter-communication, English features in Chinese-colored English. However, China English is still English instead of the brand new language. It is an English variety. The paper aims at examining the necessity and rationality, and the contrast of China English and Chinglish. In addition, the paper explores the inspiration of China English on English writing teaching to sophomore English majors in terms of teacher, students, English writing course textbook and English writing teaching.

  11. Lexical Differences Between American English and British English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jia; Zhong-qi

    2014-01-01

    With the development of society, American English and British English have significant difference.By retrospective analysis of British English and American English and the historical evolution of the development process, discusses American English and British English exist in the vocabulary of the main differences through understanding both English vocabulary differences exist, so that English learners to more easily have a certain kind of English, as well as the right to express English contains a wealth of knowledge.This paper also pointed out that the United States has its unique features English and language arts charm has been a topic of concern to the development trend of English.

  12. Using the Extended Parallel Process Model to create and evaluate the effectiveness of brochures to reduce the risk for noise-induced hearing loss in college students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael R Kotowski

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Brochures containing messages developed according to the Extended Parallel Process Model were deployed to increase intentions to use hearing protection for college students. These brochures were presented to one-half of a college student sample, after which a questionnaire was administered to assess perceptions of threat, efficacy, and behavioral intentions. The other half of the sample completed the questionnaire and then received brochures. Results indicated that people receiving the brochure before the questionnaire reported greater perceptions of hearing loss threat and efficacy to use ear plugs when in loud environments, however, intentions to use ear plugs were unchanged. Distribution of the brochure also resulted in greater perceptions of hearing loss threat and efficacy to use over-the-ear headphones when using devices such as MP3 players. In this case, however, intentions to use over-the-ear headphones increased. Results are discussed in terms of future research and practical applications.

  13. English Course

    CERN Document Server

    HR Department

    2012-01-01

    Cours d'anglais général et professionnel : La prochaine session se déroulera : du 27 février au 22 juin 2012. Ces cours s'adressent à toute personne travaillant au CERN ainsi qu'à leur conjoint. Pour vous inscrire et voir tout le détail des cours proposés, consultez nos pages Web: http://cern.ch/Training Vous pouvez aussi contacter Kerstin Fuhrmeister, tél. 70896. Oral Expression The next sessions will take place from 27 February to 22 June, 2012.  This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to enhance their speaking skills. There will be on average of 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web page: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Kerstin Fuhrmeister, tel. ...

  14. How Helpful Are Online English Learners' Dictionaries in Dealing with Misspellings?

    OpenAIRE

    Lew, Robert; Mitton, Roger

    2012-01-01

    This is a Pre-Print: An unrefereed manuscript version of an article, as submitted for review in a journal. This pre-print version is much more substantial than the final published version. The final published version has appeared as: Lew, Robert and Roger Mitton 2012. `Online English Learners´ Dictionaries and Misspellings: One Year On.´ International Journal of Lexicography. DOI: 10.1093/ijl/ecs016

  15. Differences Between British English and American English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘金苹

    2015-01-01

    American English(AmE)is the form of English used in the United States.It includes all English dialects used within the United States. British English(BrE)is.the form of English used in the United Kingdom. It includes all English dialects used within the United Kingdom. Language is a part of culture, and it plays an important role in culture. Language reflects the characteristic of a nation. It not only includes the history and cultural background of a nation, but also fosters the nation ’s attitudes towards life, and ways of living and thinking of the nation. Therefore, to my point of view, the cause of language differences is basically the differences between cultures.

  16. Translation and validation of Hindi version of Oral Health Impact Profile-14

    OpenAIRE

    Neeraj Chandrahas Deshpande; Abhay Avinash Nawathe

    2015-01-01

    Title of the Study: Validation of Hindi Version of Oral health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Aim: To validate the Hindi version of OHIP-14. Settings and Design: The study was carried out in K.M. Shah Dental College & Hospital, Vadodara. Materials and Methods: OHIP-14 was translated into Hindi language.102 participants were given English as well as Hindi versions of OHIP-14. Statistical Analysis Used: Individual question were analyzed using Pearson Chi-Square test, Likelihood Ratio test and Linear...

  17. The Portuguese version of the RhinoQOL Questionnaire: validation and clinical application,

    OpenAIRE

    Rui Cerejeira; Rafaela Veloso-Teles; Nuno Lousan; Carla Pinto Moura

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Rhinosinusitis constitutes an important health problem, with significant interference in personal, professional, and social functioning. This study presents the validation process of the Portuguese version of the RhinoQOL, to be used as a routine procedure in the assessment of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that the Portuguese version of the RhinoQOL is as valid as the English version to measure symptoms and health-related quality of...

  18. HINDI TRANSLATION AND PSYCHOMETRIC EVALUATION OF THE OSWESTRY DISABILITY INDEX (ODI) VERSION 2.1a

    OpenAIRE

    Kanika Sinha; Megha Arora Nijhawan; Minni Grover

    2014-01-01

    Study Design: Methodological Study, translation Objective: To translate the original English version of Oswestry Disability Index Version-2.1a into Hindi language and to assess its content validity, Internal Consistency and Test-Retest reliability. Summary of Background Data: ODI has been validated, and used as an outcome measure for various Low Back Pain conditions and its Hindi version is not available. Methods: The translation was carried out in accordance with the Linguistic vali...

  19. China English and its Implications for English Teaching in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周玉凤

    2007-01-01

    China English is an English variety used by native-Chinese people for communication under specific language environment. This study attempts to outline the objective existence of China English and the implications of its linguistic features for English teaching.

  20. Using Arabic in Testing Reading Comprehension in English

    OpenAIRE

    Hamdan, Jihad [جهاد حمدان; Diab, Turki [تركي دياب

    1997-01-01

    This study aims at examining the role of the native language (Arabic) in assessing reading comprehension in the foreign language (English). It reports on the findings of a case study in which two test versions, one in Arabic and another in English , were used to assess the effect of the language of the test on the reading comprehension performance of 60 secondary school students in Jordan. After receiving instruction for one month using reading material in their prescribed textbook, two compr...

  1. TESE--Thesaurus for Education Systems in Europe. English Version

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eurydice, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Thesaurus for Education Systems in Europe (TESE-2009 edition) is a multilingual thesaurus and a robust information retrieval tool focusing on European education systems and policies. It is specifically designed to cover the indexation needs of the Eurydice network and to facilitate information retrieval on Eurydice's central website. It can…

  2. English Mini-Course World Literature (Preliminary, Unedited Version).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pittsburgh Board of Public Education, PA.

    This curriculum guide to a mini-course in world literature for high school students is restricted to the study of five short novels written in the twentieth century: "Demian" and "Siddhartha" by Hesse, "Platero and I" by Jimenez, "We Never Make Mistakes" by Solzhenitsyn, and "Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man" by Joyce. The objectives of the…

  3. Interview Roberto Battiston, AMS Deputy Spokesperson, English version

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Video Productions

    2011-01-01

    "The Universe is providing cosmic rays all the time". Roberto Battiston, deputy spokesperson of the AMS experiment (Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer) comments on the uninterrupted flow of high energy cosmic rays (several billion events per week) AMS is detecting since launch and deployment on the International Space Station (ISS). Rushes of the AMS POCC (Payload and Operations Control Centre) in CERN- Prevessin follow.

  4. Domestic Violence on Children and Parental Education (English version)

    OpenAIRE

    Catalin-George FEDOR

    2011-01-01

    The violence on child in an intra-familial medium is a reality of current society we are living in. The social impact of domestic violence is extended because it affects not only the victims but also the witness persons knowing about the domestic violence ituations. The protection and promotion frame of children rights can be achieved by implementing parental education programs. In this paper, we reviewed the actual stage of the researchers in Romania on the family violence phenomenon on the ...

  5. English version: Research education for diversity in educational research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Brown

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Concern expressed by government and other funding agencies and consumers of research, about the quality and relevance of research in the field of education affects not only the kind of research is conducted but also the way in which we educate researchers. The economic imperative for ‘value for money’ from research and researchers has, for instance, led to the education of research students to be seen increasingly in terms of training in a range of generic skills that can be applied to the investigation of a range of forms of research problem in a variety of contexts. Whilst breadth in the education of researchers has clear advantages, both for the careers of individual researchers and the wider research community, there is some tension between this approach and the more established view of a research degree as an induction into a narrow domain of knowledge and the production of a highly specialised academic identity. There are further developments that erode this notion of specialisation, for instance the growth of mixed method research, which has the potential to challenge the polarisation of qualitative and quantitative research, and shifts in the sites and agents of educational research signified by the growth of professional doctorates, which could further challenge the university as a dominant institution in the production of educational knowledge. In this paper I will explore what these developments mean for the teaching of research and consider how we can work collaboratively to develop both professional researchers and researching professionals, and reconcile the acquisition of skills with induction into specialised knowledge domains. This will involve exploration of both an overarching framework for thinking about the processes of doing research and specific examples of practice. Underlying the approach taken is a general commitment to research education, rather than to training and the teaching of methods, and the desire to ensure dynamism and diversity in educational research, in terms of approach, substantive focus and theoretical orientation, and of sites, practices and agents of knowledge production.

  6. Affirmative dimensions of applied ethics. Appreciative therapies (English version)

    OpenAIRE

    Lecturer Ph.D. Antonio SANDU; Oana Mariana CIUCHI

    2010-01-01

    Gilles Lipovetsky claims that the phrase “age of minimalism” is better suited to the postmodern society than “the society of generalised permissiveness”. The postmodern society is a post-moralist one, at the twilight of duty. Transmodern (“hypermodern” in Lipovetsky’s reading) ethics establishes moral norms based on liberal and pragmatic principles. The preferred focus is on the value of positivism, of cooperation as a source of efficiency, of personal enrichment – be it cultural, spiritual o...

  7. FBR Metallic Materials Test Manual(English Version) (Manual)

    OpenAIRE

    小高 進; 加藤 章一; 吉田 英一

    2003-01-01

    For the development of the fast breeder reactor, this manual describes the method of in-air and in-sodium material tests and the method of organization the data. This Previous manual has revised in accordance with the revision of Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS)and the conversion to the international unit. The test methods of domestic committees such as the VAMAS (Versailles Prject on Advanced Materials and Standards) workshop were also referred. The material test technologies accumula...

  8. Social Networks Sites and Life-Sharing (English version)

    OpenAIRE

    Ph.D. Dario De NOTARIS

    2011-01-01

    This paper is focused on the role of main social activities, as creating and sharing personal content. The reason is connected to the raise up, in last ten years, of User Generated Content as a system to allow people to be active on the Web3. In the first paragraph I analyze the Web-population through recent surveys, showing different ways to classify generations. I comment the Jenkins’ “convergence culture” [2006], the push and pull media definition of Negroponte [1995] and the difference be...

  9. Hotel characteristics and seasonality in prices: An analysis using Spanish tour operators' brochures

    OpenAIRE

    Espinet i Rius, Josep Maria; Fluvià, Modest; Rigall i Torrent, Ricard; Saló Mayolas, Albert

    2012-01-01

    Seasonality in the tourism sector has been a major concern for policy makers, managers and other stakeholders. Many studies have analysed seasonality from the point of view of the number of visitors. However, there appear to be no studies focusing on seasonality in prices and on how to smooth out seasonal patterns. This paper analyses how hotel characteristics affect seasonality in prices using brochure data on 1,776 hotels in 32 sun-and-beach destinations in 11 countries. The authors find th...

  10. Hawai'i's EVolution: Hawai'i Powered. Technology Driven. (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2013-05-01

    This Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) brochure outlines Hawaii's energy and transportation goals and the implementation of electric vehicles (EV) and electric vehicle infrastructure since HCEI began in 2008. It includes information about Hawaii's role in leading the nation in available EV charging infrastructure per capita; challenges for continuing to implement EV technology; features on various successful EV users, including the Hawaiian Electric Company, Enterprise Rent-A-Car, and Senator Mike Gabbard; how EVs can integrate into and help propel Hawaii's evolving smart grid; and much more.

  11. How to Train English Speaking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟佩珏

    2012-01-01

    We try to make our English classrooms that surround the students with English culture.This gives the students a context for English words and phrases and adds a sense of adventure to learning English.

  12. English Movie:A Smart Method to Teach English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Wen-yan; HU Jun-jie

    2015-01-01

    English movies are the cultural carriers of English-speaking countries with veritable colloquial expressions, authentic environment and abundant cultural connotation. Teaching English through English movies can not only help students learn Eng⁃lish language, but also acquire English culture. It’s also an effective way to improve students’oral English and their accultural communication ability.

  13. Translation and validation of Hindi version of Oral Health Impact Profile-14

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeraj Chandrahas Deshpande

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Title of the Study: Validation of Hindi Version of Oral health Impact Profile (OHIP-14 Aim: To validate the Hindi version of OHIP-14. Settings and Design: The study was carried out in K.M. Shah Dental College & Hospital, Vadodara. Materials and Methods: OHIP-14 was translated into Hindi language.102 participants were given English as well as Hindi versions of OHIP-14. Statistical Analysis Used: Individual question were analyzed using Pearson Chi-Square test, Likelihood Ratio test and Linear-by-Linear Association test. The entire questionnaire in English and Hindi language were comparatively analyzed using Unpaired T test & Pearson correlation coefficient test. Results: All the 14 questions showed no statistically significant difference between the English OHIP-14 and the translated Hindi version of OHIP-14. Results of Unpaired T test (P = 0.61 were statistically insignificant. Pearson Correlation coefficient test was 0.963 suggesting that the translated Hindi version was highly correlated to the original English version. Conclusion: The translated Hindi version of OHIP-14 is hence established as a valid tool for conduction of oral health related & quality of life surveys in Hindi language which is the most commonly used language in the Indian subcontinent.

  14. ENGLISHES: INDONESIAN EFL TEACHERS’ PERCEPTION

    OpenAIRE

    Zusana E. Pudyastuti; Nurul Atma

    2014-01-01

    Since English is used as a lingua franca, the growth of English users is getting bigger. The tremendous growth of English users has generated variety of English, i.e. Englishes. Such variety could affect EFL pedagogy. This paper, then, explores EFL teachers’ perception on Englishes. By employing a survey study, it is found that EFL teachers agree that it is useful for both English teachers and students to know the variety of English. However, in the teaching practice, they prefer to integrate...

  15. The Advertising English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈建红

    2007-01-01

    The English language has evolved to have many different kinds of functionality,each of which corresponds to different situations and styles of use. The advertising English differs when they in various fields.

  16. I English Language: section 11, Second Language Acquisition

    OpenAIRE

    Lozano, Crist??bal

    2013-01-01

    This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in "Year???s Work in English Studies" following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version "Lozano, C. I English Language: section 11, Second Language Acquisition. Year???s Work in English Studies, 92(1): 109-124 (2013)" is available online at: http://ywes.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/mat006v1?ijkey=JZOeGz0tYrkDM&keytype=ref&siteid=ywes.

  17. From Contracts in Structured English to CL Specifications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed M. Montazeri

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present a framework to analyze conflicts of contracts written in structured English. A contract that has manually been rewritten in a structured English is automatically translated into a formal language using the Grammatical Framework (GF. In particular we use the contract language CL as a target formal language for this translation. In our framework CL specifications could then be input into the tool CLAN to detect the presence of conflicts (whether there are contradictory obligations, permissions, and prohibitions. We also use GF to get a version in (restricted English of CL formulae. We discuss the implementation of such a framework.

  18. Querying Versioned Software Repositories

    OpenAIRE

    Christopeit, Dietrich; Böhlen, Michael; Kanne, Carl-Christian; Mazeika, Arturas

    2011-01-01

    Large parts of today's data is stored in text documents that undergo a series of changes during their lifetime. For instance during the development of a software product the source code changes frequently. Currently, managing such data relies on version control systems (VCSs). Extracting information from large documents and their different versions is a manual and tedious process. We present {\\sc Qvestor}, a system that allows to declaratively query docume...

  19. Querying versioned software repositories

    OpenAIRE

    Christopeit, Dietrich; Böhlen, Michael H.; Kanne, Carl-Christian; Mazeika, Arturas

    2011-01-01

    Large parts of today’s data is stored in text documents that undergo a series of changes during their lifetime. For instance during the development of a software product the source code changes frequently. Currently, managing such data relies on version control systems (VCSs). Extracting information from large documents and their different versions is a manual and tedious process. We present Qvestor, a system that allows to declaratively query documents. It leverages information about the str...

  20. Issues of English Globalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫焕然

    2016-01-01

    In this essay, the complexity of the present situation of world Englishes, comments on the spread of the language, de-bate over standardized variants in English and the pedagogical implication relating to what types of English should be taught will be discussed. The expansion of English in China is then analyzed concerning issues such as attitudes towards local variety, desirable teaching models, and future adjustment.

  1. Linguistic Features of English and Russian Dictionaries (A Comparative Study)

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Leščinskij

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to establish differences and similarities between linguistic characteristics of English and Russian dictionaries. Two dictionaries were selected for the study – electronic version of the 8th edition of Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (OALD) and the online version of Ozhegov’s explanatory dictionary. The methods chosen for the study were descriptive, comparative and contrastive analysis. Linguistic characteristics of the dictionaries were analysed and compared...

  2. Culture and English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李莹

    2008-01-01

    There is a natural relationship between culture and language. Language reflects how the people of a nation form the unique way of life and the way of thinking. Therefore, English teaching necessarily involves cultural education as well. This paper analyzes the influence of social culture in English teaching and tries to set up a principle of teaching English culture.

  3. English Teaching Profile: Colombia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

    This profile of the English language teaching situation in Colombia discusses the role of English in the educational system and in Colombian society. The status of English as the country's first foreign language is examined. It is noted that because Spanish is sufficient for most needs and because there is a relatively small number of Colombians…

  4. English Teaching Profile: Algeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

    A survey of the status and use of the English language in Algeria is presented. The following topics are outlined: (1) the role of English as a third language, (2) its place within the educational system at all levels and in each graduate institution, (3) the status of British expatriates teaching English in Algeria and of Algerian teachers of…

  5. Sentential Negation in English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mowarin, Macaulay

    2009-01-01

    This paper undertakes a detailed analysis of sentential negation in the English language with Chomsky's Government-Binding theory of Transformational Grammar as theoretical model. It distinguishes between constituent and sentential negation in English. The essay identifies the exact position of Negation phrase in an English clause structure. It…

  6. Moodling English Language Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coskun, Abdullah; Arslan, Abdullah

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to emphasize the importance of using Moodle in foreign language learning and teaching by reviewing relevant literature and introducing a Moodle-based environment aiming to help English learners to practice their English by themselves. Firstly, the use of Moodle in education and more specifically in English Language Teaching is…

  7. Strategy and Style in English and French Translations of Japanese Comic Books.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Peter

    2001-01-01

    This article explores translation strategies in English and French versions of Japanese comic books, comparing English and French dialogue text regarding local color, atmospherics, and characterization. Section 1 describes Japanese comic books. Section 2 examines translation strategies. Sections 3 and 4 discuss local color and character locus…

  8. Understanding the Online Informal Learning of English as a Complex Dynamic System: An Emic Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sockett, Geoffrey

    2013-01-01

    Research into the online informal learning of English has already shown it to be a widespread phenomenon involving a range of comprehension and production activities such as viewing original version television series, listening to music on demand and social networking with other English users. Dynamic systems theory provides a suitable framework…

  9. The Development of a Food Safety Brochure for Families: The Use of Formative Evaluation and Plain Language Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Christina; Albrecht, Julie; Litchfield, Ruth; Meysenburg, Rebecca L.; Er, Ida NgYin; Lum, Adeline; Beattie, Sam; Larvick, Carol; Schwarz, Carol; Temple, Jan; Meimann, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Printed materials have been used extensively as an educational tool to increase food safety awareness. Few educational materials have been designed to target families with young children for food safety education. This article reports the use of the formative evaluation process to develop a brochure designed to enhance awareness about food safety…

  10. From Foundational English to Subject-based English and Advanced English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XuXianlan

    2004-01-01

    According to the College English Teaching Syllabus,students should learn English for four years during the College time. The first two year, for College English (General English) and the second two years for Specific Purpose English (Professional English). But in our teaching practice, we have found that these two kinds of teaching are auite different in

  11. TEACHER OF ENGLISH NEEDED

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Part-time teacher of primary English needed for September 2002 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply: engnat@hotmail.com or 04 50 40 82 66. Apply as soon as possible, and in any case before 8 July. English National Programme, Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire.

  12. Teacher of primary English

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Part-time teacher of primary English needed for September 2003 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply see http://enpferney.org/staff_vacancies.htm English National Programme, Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire (http://enpferney.org/)

  13. Preparation of a continuative brochure as supplement to the evaluation hand-out for the assessment of study results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 2013 the Federal Office for Radiation Protection gave the responsibility to the Department of History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine (Institut GTE Med) in Aachen for the project ''Creating a practical hand-out for the assessment of study results for employees of local governments'' (FM 8855). The manual serves as a practical way for the qualitative evaluation of texts for persons who deal with the topics Mobile Communication and Health (for example communities or government agencies) in their profession. The main objective of the manual is to aid users in performing a faster and more efficient evaluation of texts by answering the containing questions. This approach is purely functional and precludes the placement of deeper information. At this point the new project FM 8862 started by ''Creating a continuative brochure in addition to the hand-out for the assessment of study results''. It continued the previous project FM 8855 to further develop the information which was up to this point purely functional. The brochure presents the issues in an overall context and provides valuable background knowledge. As a result, possible users get in a more casual and clear manner a deeper understanding of the evaluating of texts. It should be possible for a user to better evaluate texts and by obtaining arguments, thus being better prepared to engage with interested Laymen in an objective discussion. The brochure was submitted together with the existing manual for a practical test, which was attended by 21 target group-specific subjects. The study tested in detail the intelligibility, clarity, applicability, and the support of the brochure. The feedback of the test participants were then used as basis for the final optimization of the brochure. Project participants belong to the Department of History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine and the Research Center for Bioelectromagnetic Interaction of the RWTH Aachen University (femu).

  14. Comparing Danish and Swedish versions of PISA scientific literacy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Serder, Malmø University, Margareta; Sørensen, Helene

    This paper presents a comparison between the Swedish, Danish, English, and French versions of three scientific literacy test-units from the released PISA items 2006. More specifically it compares how different words and concepts have been translated in the Swedish and Danish tests, compared to the...... these three PISA units. In the paper we claim that in spite of detailed and strongly controlled methods for achieving translations of high standard used by the PISA, important and perhaps even decisive, differences between the four versions exist....

  15. MAFIA Version 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiland, T.; Bartsch, M.; Becker, U.; Bihn, M.; Blell, U.; Clemens, M.; Dehler, M.; Dohlus, M.; Drevlak, M.; Du, X.; Ehmann, R.; Eufinger, A.; Gutschling, S.; Hahne, P.; Klatt, R.; Krietenstein, B.; Langstrof, A.; Pinder, P.; Podebrad, O.; Pröpper, T.; van Rienen, U.; Schmidt, D.; Schuhmann, R.; Schulz, A.; Schupp, S.; Schütt, P.; Thoma, P.; Timm, M.; Wagner, B.; Weber, R.; Wipf, S.; Wolter, H.; Min, Z.

    1997-02-01

    MAFIA Version 4.0 is an almost completely new version of the general purpose electromagnetic simulator known since 13 years. The major improvements concern the new graphical user interface based on state of the art technology as well as a series of new solvers for new physics problems. MAFIA now covers heat distribution, electro-quasistatics, S-parameters in frequency domain, particle beam tracking in linear accelerators, acoustics and even elastodynamics. The solvers that were available in earlier versions have also been improved and/or extended, as for example the complex eigenmode solver, the 2D-3D coupled PIC solvers. Time domain solvers have new waveguide boundary conditions with an extremely low reflection even near cutoff frequency, concentrated elements are available as well as a variety of signal processing options. Probably the most valuable addition are recursive sub-grid capabilities that enable modeling of very small details in large structures.

  16. MAFIA Version 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weiland, T. [TH-Darmstadt, Fachbereich 18, Schlossgartenstr.8, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Bartsch, M. [CST Computer Simulations Technology GmbH, Lauteschlaegerstr. 38, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Becker, U.; Bihn, M. [TH-Darmstadt, Fachbereich 18, Schlossgartenstr.8, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Blell, U. [GS1 mbH, Planckstr. 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Clemens, M.; Dehler, M. [TH-Darmstadt, Fachbereich 18, Schlossgartenstr.8, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Dohlus, M. [TH-Darmstadt, Fachbereich 18, Schlossgartenstr.8, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany)]|[Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestr. 85, D22607 (Germany); Drevlak, M. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestr. 85, D22607 (Germany); Du, X. [TH-Darmstadt, Fachbereich 18, Schlossgartenstr.8, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Ehmann, R.; Eufinger, A. [CST Computer Simulations Technology GmbH, Lauteschlaegerstr. 38, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Gutschling, S. [TH-Darmstadt, Fachbereich 18, Schlossgartenstr.8, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Hahne, P. [CST Computer Simulations Technology GmbH, Lauteschlaegerstr. 38, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Klatt, R.; Krietenstein, B.; Langstrof, A.; Pinder, P.; Podebrad, O.; Proepper, T.; van Rienen, U.; Schmidt, D.; Schuhmann, R. [TH-Darmstadt, Fachbereich 18, Schlossgartenstr.8, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Schulz, A. [CST Computer Simulations Technology GmbH, Lauteschlaegerstr. 38, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Schupp, S.; Schuett, P.; Thoma, P.; Timm, M. [TH-Darmstadt, Fachbereich 18, Schlossgartenstr.8, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Wagner, B. [CSS Computer Simulation Services GbRmbH, Lauteschlaegerstr. 38, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Weber, R. [AET Inc., 1-1-7 Mukaibara, Asaoku, Kawasaki City (Japan); Wipf, S. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestr. 85, D22607 (Germany); Wolter, H. [TH-Darmstadt, Fachbereich 18, Schlossgartenstr.8, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Min, Z. [TH-Darmstadt, Fachbereich 18, Schlossgartenstr.8, D64289 Darmstadt (Germany)

    1997-02-01

    MAFIA Version 4.0 is an almost completely new version of the general purpose electromagnetic simulator known since 13 years. The major improvements concern the new graphical user interface based on state of the art technology as well as a series of new solvers for new physics problems. MAFIA now covers heat distribution, electro-quasistatics, S-parameters in frequency domain, particle beam tracking in linear accelerators, acoustics and even elastodynamics. The solvers that were available in earlier versions have also been improved and/or extended, as for example the complex eigenmode solver, the 2D--3D coupled PIC solvers. Time domain solvers have new waveguide boundary conditions with an extremely low reflection even near cutoff frequency, concentrated elements are available as well as a variety of signal processing options. Probably the most valuable addition are recursive sub-grid capabilities that enable modeling of very small details in large structures. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  17. Irish English: Vocabulary and Pronunciation

    OpenAIRE

    Potočnik, Lidija

    2013-01-01

    English is a world language. In UK, USA, Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand it is spoken as a first language. There are numerous countries where English is spoken as a second language and in even more countries where English is spoken as a foreign language. Nowadays English is considered to be lingua franca of the world communication. There exist different varieties of English, and Irish English is one of them. English was brought to Ireland by the British in the seventeenth century....

  18. English as Lingua Franca and English in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berns, Margie

    2009-01-01

    One of the objectives of English as Lingua Franca (ELF) researchers is an account of the unique features of English that they have found in the speech of European users of English. These features, it is argued, describe a variety of English which they label "English as Lingua Franca". The choice of this particular term is problematic because, as a…

  19. A Brief Contrastive Analysis between English and Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琼芳

    2015-01-01

    Through a contrastive analyses of the English novel A Tale of Two Cities and its two Chinese versions, this paper observes some differences between English and Chinese and generalizes some of their characteristics, in the hope to help language learners aware the importance of the differences and to provide a good way to learn a second language, that is, to learn on the basis of comparison.Two types of differences are discussed in this paper.One is impersonal vs.personal and the other is stative vs.dynamic.The differences between English and Chinese languages become vivid by drawing examples from the novel and its two different Chinese versions.Each type of difference is analyzed in detail and in a systematic manner.

  20. A Brief Contrastive Analysis between English and Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琼芳

    2015-01-01

    Through a contrastive analyses of the English novel A Tale of Two Cities and its two Chinese versions,this paper observes some differences between English and Chinese and generalizes some of their characteristics,in the hope to help language learners aware the importance of the differences and to provide a good way to learn a second language,that is,to learn on the basis of comparison.Two types of differences are discussed in this paper.One is impersonal vs.personal and the other is stative vs.dynamic.The differences between English and Chinese languages become vivid by drawing examples from the novel and its two different Chinese versions.Each type of difference is analyzed in detail and in a systematic manner.

  1. Axodraw Version 2

    CERN Document Server

    Collins, John C

    2016-01-01

    We present version two of the Latex graphical style file Axodraw. It has a number of new drawing primitives and many extra options, and it can now work with \\program{pdflatex} to directly produce output in PDF file format (but with the aid of an auxiliary program).

  2. A cross-sectional evidence-based review of pharmaceutical promotional marketing brochures and their underlying studies: Is what they tell us important and true?

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor Lockwood G; Licciardone John C; Cardarelli Roberto

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background A major marketing technique used by pharmaceutical companies is direct-to-physician marketing. This form of marketing frequently employs promotional marketing brochures, based on clinical research, which may influence how a physician prescribes medicines. This study's objective was to investigate whether or not the information in promotional brochures presented to physicians by pharmaceutical representatives is accurate, consistent, and valid with respect to the actual stu...

  3. CLIC Brochure

    CERN Multimedia

    De Melis, Cinzia

    2015-01-01

    After the discovery of the Higgs boson and with upgrades to higher energy and luminosity, the LHC is mapping the route of particle physics into the future. The next step in this journey of discovery could be a linear electron-positron collider, which would complement the LHC and allow high precision measurements of the Higgs boson, the top quark and electroweak processes in addition to possible new physics beyond the Standard Model. The Compact Linear Collider is under development by two worldwide collaborations, pushing the limits of particle acceleration and detection. Technological R&D, physics simulations and engineering studies must all come together to make CLIC a reality.

  4. Pedagogical brochure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intended for teachers and pupils, to give them a summary of IPSN's pedagogical exhibition 'the nuclear industry under high surveillance', directing towards strategic points within the exhibition. A short questionnaire enables a quick assessment of knowledge acquired during the visit. (author)

  5. Learning English development and diversity

    CERN Document Server

    Mercer, Neil

    1996-01-01

    English is learnt, internationally, in a range of diverse settings. This book examines processes of language acquisition in English, as well as what it means to learn English in different parts of the world. It looks at the place of English within formal education, and at some of the controversies that have surrounded the teaching of English.

  6. Teaching English for Specific Purposes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nijolė Netikšienė

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Teaching English for Specific Purposes and General English is analysed in the article. The scientific approach of a scientist M. Rosenberg is presented. The experience of teaching English for Specific Purposesat VGTU is alsopresented. The ideas and teaching methods from the classes of general English can be transferred to the classes of English for Specific Purposes.

  7. Teaching English for Specific Purposes

    OpenAIRE

    Nijolė Netikšienė

    2011-01-01

    Teaching English for Specific Purposes and General English is analysed in the article. The scientific approach of a scientist M. Rosenberg is presented. The experience of teaching English for Specific Purposesat VGTU is alsopresented. The ideas and teaching methods from the classes of general English can be transferred to the classes of English for Specific Purposes.

  8. English Teaching Profile: Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

    The role and status of English in Sierra Leone are examined, with attention directed to: (1) English within the education system, (2) teachers of English, (3) materials support; (4) educational administration for English teaching, (5) development and planning, (6) British support for the teaching of English, and (7) commercial opportunities.…

  9. Thanking Responders in Cameroon English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouafeu, Yves Talla Sando

    2009-01-01

    An analysis of authentic or genuine interactions among Cameroon English speakers reveals that conversational routines in this variety of English differ a good deal from those obtained in other varieties of English, non-native varieties of English inclusive, and more specifically in native varieties of English. This paper looks at "thanking…

  10. Collocations in Business English

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matjaž Martič

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The article starts with a brief theoretical overview that defines the term ‚collocation.‛ It then presents a corpus study designed to determine the most frequent lexical collocations in Business English using the concordance program WordSmith Tools. This study is based on the assumption that English mainly consists of various (changeable phraseological units and that both free combinations as well as completely ‚frozen‛ word combinations account for only a small share of the language. English is therefore a language of collocations and one can assume that this is valid not only for general English, but also for ESP and thus for Business English as well. In addition, the study investigated whether the most frequent collocations in this corpus could be found in major dictionaries of collocations, which would then establish their suitability for Business English purposes.

  11. Obstacles to English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵利利

    2012-01-01

    With the fast development of modern society and economy,English as an international language has become an important instrument in social communication.As to English teaching in the classroom,we have so many difficulties at present.This paper analysis some objective and subjective factors.At last,if we can solve these questions,our English teaching will be better.

  12. My English Teacher

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Of all the teachers, I love my English teacher best. He is a very good teacher and about thirty years old. We all call him Mr Chu. He is not tall but a little fat. He is a man with a good sense of humour and always friendly to us. We all like him and his lesson. In his class, we feel very happy. He always makes his English lesson interesting. We know English is rather difficult to learn but in his class,

  13. Lexical Density in English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Even though English family of Indo-European belongs to the Germanic languages, it can be argued that, if evaluated on the English basis of its vocabulary, is essentially a Romance language. Indeed the overwhelming number of borrowings from French and Latin by far outweighs the words of Germanic origin. This is due to the significant influence French and Latin English after (mostly through French) exerted on the Norman invasion in 1066, which shaped the language we know today.

  14. Gender Discrimination in English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖敏慧

    2014-01-01

    Gender discrimination in language is usually defined as discrimination based on sex, especially discrimination against women. With the rise of women’s liberation movement in the 1960s and 1970s, and the improvement of women’s social status in recent years, gender discrimination in English attracts more and more attention. Based on previous studies, this thesis first dis⁃cusses the manifestations of gender discrimination in English vocabulary and address terms, then analyzes the factors of gender dis⁃crimination in English from social and cultural perspectives, finally puts forward some methods that are good for avoiding or elim⁃inating gender discrimination in English.

  15. English for journalists 3

    CERN Document Server

    Hicks, Wynford

    2006-01-01

    English for Journalists is an invaluable guide not only to the basics of English, but to those aspects of writing, such as reporting speech, house style and jargon, which are specific to the language of journalism. Written in an accessible style, English for Journalists covers the fundamentals of grammar, the use of spelling, punctuation and journalistic writing; with each point illustrated by concise examples.This revised and updated edition includes:an introductory chapter which discusses the present state of English and current trends in journalistic writinga new chapter in the grammar sect

  16. Energy policy in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Short version of the energy concept for 2020; Energiepolitik in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Kurzfassung des Energiekonzepts 2020

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-01-15

    The realisation of an energy supply that is safe, economically efficient and environmentally friendly presupposes committed, non-judgemental cooperation between the economy, the public at large and the political realm. For this purpose the state government of Baden Wuerttemberg has summarised the key points of what constitutes a sustainable energy policy in its ''Energy concept for Baden-Wuerttemberg until 2020'', which was passed by the state cabinet on 27 July 2009. The present brochure is a short version of this energy concept. Its purpose is to inform the public at large about the principles of Baden-Wuerttemberg's energy policy.

  17. A Thesis on the English Problematic Sounds of English Learners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宁

    2015-01-01

    Dialect pronunciation influences English pronunciation of the learners in many aspects. The thesis study English Problematic Sounds of English Learners. Analyzing and studying the influence of the dialect to the English pronunciation learning can help the teachers and the learners to correct the bad habits in the pronunciation of the first language and the barrier of the dialect to the learning of the English pronunciation; It can be good for the learners to grasp the correct English pronunciation.

  18. China English: Adaptation of English to Chinese Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Fachun Zhang

    2009-01-01

    Today in the world of English language teaching and learning, EIL(English as an international language) has been gradually preferred, instead of the traditional ESL(English as a second language) or EFL(English as a foreign language). It is believed that non-native English varieties developed worldwide should be as important as the native English varieties and it is rational for decision-makers of a country to choose the right English variety to teach and to learn. China English is one of such...

  19. On Assimilation of English Sounds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘恩华

    2015-01-01

    This paper makes a careful study of assimilation in English speaking, meanwhile a systematic knowledge of assimilation wil be helpful for the pronunciations of English learners, facilitate English fluency and improve listening comprehension.

  20. Efficient English Listening Teaching Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢小杰

    2014-01-01

    In non-native English speaking countries, the big problem to English learners is that it is difficult for them to under-stand what the English speaker is talking about because many English learners have trouble in listening. Though they are English learners, they still have difficulty in listening to the foreigners from English speaking countries and other nonnative English speak-ers. Therefore, listening teaching becomes the vital task of both English teachers and English learners. English educators are ex-pected to search an efficient way to help English learners improve their listening. Modern teaching equipments, such as film and video and other teaching facilities play an indispensable role in English listening teaching.

  1. AERONET Version 3 processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holben, B. N.; Slutsker, I.; Giles, D. M.; Eck, T. F.; Smirnov, A.; Sinyuk, A.; Schafer, J.; Rodriguez, J.

    2014-12-01

    The Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) database has evolved in measurement accuracy, data quality products, availability to the scientific community over the course of 21 years with the support of NASA, PHOTONS and all federated partners. This evolution is periodically manifested as a new data version release by carefully reprocessing the entire database with the most current algorithms that fundamentally change the database and ultimately the data products used by the community. The newest processing, Version 3, will be released in 2015 after the entire database is reprocessed and real-time data processing becomes operational. All V 3 algorithms have been developed, individually vetted and represent four main categories: aerosol optical depth (AOD) processing, inversion processing, database management and new products. The primary trigger for release of V 3 lies with cloud screening of the direct sun observations and computation of AOD that will fundamentally change all data available for analysis and all subsequent retrieval products. This presentation will illustrate the innovative approach used for cloud screening and assesses the elements of V3 AOD relative to the current version. We will also present the advances in the inversion product processing with emphasis on the random and systematic uncertainty estimates. This processing will be applied to the new hybrid measurement scenario intended to provide inversion retrievals for all solar zenith angles. We will introduce automatic quality assurance criteria that will allow near real time quality assured aerosol products necessary for real time satellite and model validation and assimilation. Last we will introduce the new management structure that will improve access to the data database. The current version 2 will be supported for at least two years after the initial release of V3 to maintain continuity for on going investigations.

  2. Features of Medical English Vocabulary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘翠萍

    2015-01-01

    Medical English is relatively more difficult than general English,especially its vocabulary.Those medical English words are long and complex,making it hard to remember. But medical English vocabulary has its own features,which would help us in learning vocabulary.On the basis of many medical English materials,the paper explores the features of etymology,affixes and roots of medical English.

  3. Features of Medical English Vocabulary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘翠萍

    2015-01-01

    Medical English is relatively more difficult than general English,especially its vocabulary.Those medical English words are long and complex,making it hard to remember.But medical English vocabulary has its own features,which would help us in learning vocabulary.On the basis of many medical English materials,the paper explores the features of etymology,affixes and roots of medical English.

  4. International versions of the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schneider Hermann PG

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Symptom scales for aging women have clinically been used for years and the interest in measuring health-related quality of life (HRQoL has increased in recent years. The Menopause Rating Scale (MRS is a formally validated scale according to the requirements for quality of life instruments. The aim of this paper is to review the current state of the instrument particularly concerning versions of the scale in different languages. MRS versions available The translations were performed following international methodological recommendations for the linguistic & cultural adaptation of HRQoL instruments. The first translation was done from the German original scale into English (UK & USA. The English version was used as the source language for the translations into French, Spanish, Swedish, Mexican/Argentine, Brazilian, Turkish, and Indonesian languages (attached as additional PDF files. Conclusion The MRS scale is obviously a valuable tool for assessing health related quality of life of women in the menopausal transition and is used worldwide. The currently available 9 language versions have been translated following international standards for the linguistic and cultural translation of quality of life scales. Assistance is offered to help interested parties in the translation process.

  5. MAD Version 9

    CERN Document Server

    Iselin, F Christoph; Pancin, J; Adelmann, A

    2000-01-01

    The program MAD is widely used for accelerator design and beam dynamics studies. For many years, its input language has been the nearest thing to a world-wide standard for describing accelerator structures. The new Version 9 is a complete rewrite using a systematic object-oriented methodology based on the CLASSIC classes [2] for accelerator physics. It provides many improvements over the previous MAD Version 8. These include: (i) support for multiple beam-lines simultaneously, facilitating, for example, matching constraints that couple the two rings of a two-ring collider, (ii) much improved Lie-algebraic map calculations, (iii) a uniform method and format for exchanging many kinds of structured data with other programs, (iv) an improved and more consistent input language. In addition, we report on a parallel 3D Poisson field solver for space charge calculations in high intensity particle beams. Applied to the PSI injector cyclotron, this shows the general nature of MAD Version 9 as a state-of- the-art proble...

  6. Business English in Practical Terms

    OpenAIRE

    Slavica Čepon

    2015-01-01

    The article is an attempt to look at the reality of teaching English for Business Purposes (EBP)/ Business English (BE) from a practical point of view. It approaches the term BE as if through a funnel with English as an International Language (EIL) at the top, English Language Teaching/General English (ELT/GE) as its sloping sides, English as a Foreign Language (EFL)/English as a Second Language (ESL) at the top of the funnel's narrow tube, and English for Specific Purposes (ESP) at the very ...

  7. REGIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CANADIAN ENGLISH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Modern English is an international language inthe world.Besides Great Britain,English is spokenas first language in 39 countries.These countries arelocated in different regions with different naturalfeatures,history development and cultural character-istics.Thus,English used in these different regionscarries its own regional character—forming Englishregional varieties.The main English regional varieties are:BritishEnglish,American English,Canadian English andSouth African English.Canada is a rich country inNorth America with its own characteristics,which of

  8. Cambodian-English Glossary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foreign Service (Dept. of State), Washington, DC. Foreign Service Inst.

    This volume contains a Cambodian-English and an English-Cambodian glossary, with approximately 8,000 and 7,500 entries respectively. The entries are the vocabulary contained in the introductory lessons and subject matter modules (entitled "The Land and the Economy,""The Political Institutions,""The Social Institutions" and "The Individual in…

  9. California's English Learner Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Laura E.

    2012-01-01

    English Learner (EL) students in California's schools are numerous and diverse, and they lag behind their native-English-speaking peers. Closing the achievement gap for EL students has been a long-standing goal for California educators, and there are some signs of success. Now that EL funding and curriculum issues are receiving a fresh level of…

  10. English for Global Peacekeeping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crossey, Mark

    2008-01-01

    In this article, I discuss the work of the British Council's Peacekeeping English Project: why the British Council is undertaking this work, why is it being sponsored, what exactly is being done and what are the key issues in English for peacekeeping and other security forces.

  11. English in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foo, Bernadette; Richards, Cynthia

    2004-01-01

    This article seeks to lay out the use and importance of English in Malaysia from the time when the British ruled what was then Malaya to the present moment. When the British came to colonize the country, they brought with them their culture, their language and their beliefs. They introduced the English language as the medium of instruction in the…

  12. Microteaching in Sports English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晖

    2015-01-01

    The benefit of microteaching has been recognized in many fields.But it remains a research gap in sports English teaching.The ex-periment proved it an effective way in helping students to acquire knowledge and skills in classroom observation and practice of sports English.

  13. Nineteenth-Century English

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fabricius, Anne

    2009-01-01

    The article reviews the book "Nineteenth-Century English: Stability and Change," by Merja Kytö, Mats Rydèn and Erik Smitterberg......The article reviews the book "Nineteenth-Century English: Stability and Change," by Merja Kytö, Mats Rydèn and Erik Smitterberg...

  14. English for Business Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatia, Vijay K.; Bremner, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    The concept of Business English has undergone some major shifts in the last few years because of a number of developments, such as advances in genre theory and the coming together of English for Business Purposes and Business Communication, inspired by the realization that there is a gap to be bridged between the academy and the globalized…

  15. MY ENGLISH STUDY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙岩; Roxanne; Lees

    2003-01-01

    I am a student of Yanshan University, majoring in English. I have studied English for a long time, which is full of (and have encountered some) special experiences (in my studies). After graduation from (a) junior (middle) school, I did not go to senior (middle) school for

  16. English Idioms and Customs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小乔

    2015-01-01

    Customs is a kind of social phenomenon. They are not the product of individuals but that of the collective in the society,which are affected by politics, economy, religion, literary art and so on and then affect those things in reverse. English idioms aregreatly influenced by English customs.

  17. Learning English Pronunciation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷兵

    1997-01-01

    When one begins to learn a foreign language, he will find the habits of his native tongue often interfere with his learning the sounds of the new language. Chinese students,especially adults,often find it hard to pronounce some English sounds properly;teachers sometimes also find English sounds can not be casily taught by simply telling a learner what to do with his lips,teeth or tongue etc. Even some English major students find they arc misunderstood because of their incorrect use of a phoneme or an incorrect stress.In a listening test, some students fail to catch the meaning of a certain phrase or a word because they are not familiar with a word juncture or intonation. When a Chinese student learns English pronunciation, he might meet several difficulties.The following are the main factors which may affect his learning, of English.

  18. Open source version control software

    OpenAIRE

    Seppänen, V

    2015-01-01

    The environment around open source version control software is very opinionated and therefore it is hard to find unbiased comparison between different open source version control software. This Bachelor’s thesis provides background and covers the basics of version control systems. Thesis also categorizes and differentiates the main types of version control systems, by investigating the way they handle repositories and by categorizing them to centralized and distributed. Finally, this thesis p...

  19. The Factor Structure of the Polish-Language Version of the Romantic Beliefs Scale

    OpenAIRE

    Katarzyna Adamczyk; Sandra Metts

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Polish adaptation of Romantic Beliefs Scale (RBS; Sprecher & Metts, 1989). In a sample of 414 Polish university students aged 19-25 (227 females and 187 males), the factor structure of the original English version was confirmed for the four subscales: Love Finds a Way, One and Only, Idealization, and Love at First Sight. The present study provides evidence that the 15-item version of th...

  20. Translation and Linguistic Validation of the Korean Version of the Dysfunctional Voiding Symptom Score

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Hahn-Ey; Farhat, Walid; Park, Kwanjin

    2014-01-01

    Although studies on pediatric dysfunctional voiding are increasing, there have not been enough efforts to validate the Dysfunctional Voiding Symptom Score (DVSS) questionnaire. Therefore, we aimed to translate and validate the DVSS into Korean. The DVSS questionnaire was validated between January and October, 2013. Two bilinguals independently translated the English version of the DVSS questionnaire into Korean, and then reconciled the forward translation of the Korean version. The original D...

  1. Stages of Change – Continuous Measure (URICA-E2): psychometrics of a Norwegian version

    OpenAIRE

    Lerdal, Anners; Moe, Britt; Digre, Elin; Harding, Thomas; Kristensen, Frode; Grov, Ellen K; Linda N. Bakken; Eklund, Marthe L; Ruud, Ireen; Joseph S. Rossi

    2009-01-01

    Title Stages of Change – Continuous Measure (URICA-E2): psychometrics of a Norwegian version. Aim This paper is a report of research to translate the English version of the Stages of Change continuous measure questionnaire (URICA-E2) into Norwegian and to test the validity of the questionnaire and its usefulness in predicting behavioural change. Background While the psychometric properties of the Stages of Change categorical measure have been tested extensively, evaluation of the psychometric...

  2. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS): translation and validation study of the Iranian version

    OpenAIRE

    Vahdaninia Mariam; Montazeri Ali; Ebrahimi Mandana; Jarvandi Soghra

    2003-01-01

    Abstract Background The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is a widely used instrument to measure psychological morbidity in cancer patients. This study aimed to translate and test the reliability and validity of the Iranian version of the HADS. Methods The English language version of the HADS was translated into Persian (Iranian language) and was used in this study. The questionnaire was administered to a consecutive sample of 167 breast cancer patients and statistical analysis was...

  3. Understanding, comprehensibility and acceptance of an evidence-based consumer information brochure on fall prevention in old age: a focus group study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meyer Gabriele

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Evidence-based patient and consumer information (EBPI is an indispensable component of the patients' decision making process in health care. Prevention of accidental falls in the elderly has gained a lot of public interest during preceding years. Several consumer information brochures on fall prevention have been published; however, none fulfilled the criteria of an EBPI. Little is known about the reception of EBPI by seniors. Therefore we aimed to evaluate a recently developed EBPI brochure on fall prevention with regard to seniors' acceptance and comprehensibility in focus groups and to explore whether the participants' judgements differed depending on the educational background of the study participants. Methods Seven focus groups were conducted with 40 seniors, aged 60 years or older living independently in a community. Participants were recruited by two gatekeepers. A discussion guide was used and seniors were asked to judge the EBPI brochure on fall prevention using a Likert scale 1-6. The focus group discussions were tape recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analysed using content analysis. Results The participants generally accepted the EBPI brochure on fall prevention. Several participants expressed a need for more practical advice. The comprehensibility of the brochure was influenced positively by brief chapter summaries. Participants dismissed the statistical illustrations such as confidence intervals or a Fagan nomogram and only half of them agreed with the meta-information presented in the first chapter. The detailed information about fall prevalence was criticised by some seniors. The use of a case story was well tolerated by the majority of participants. Conclusion Our findings indicate that the recently developed EBPI brochure on fall prevention in old age was generally well accepted by seniors, but some statistical descriptions were difficult for them to understand. The brochure has to be updated. However, not

  4. Validation and Application of the Constructivist Learning Environment Survey in English Language Teacher Education Classrooms in Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebrahimi, Nabi. A.

    2015-01-01

    This article reports the validation and application of an English language teacher education (LTE) version of the Constructivist Learning Environment Survey (CLES). The instrument, called the CLES-LTE, was field tested with a sample of 622 Iranian English language student teachers in 28 classes. When principal components analysis led to the…

  5. Constructing English as a Ugandan Language through an English Textbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stranger-Johannessen, Espen

    2015-01-01

    English is a national language in Uganda and is widely used in elite areas such as politics and business, but most Ugandans master English to only a limited degree. In this situation, English can be seen as either a foreign language or a second language--influencing how English is taught. One goal of language teaching espoused in this article is…

  6. Application of Oral English in Secondary English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴超; 詹晋红

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyzes the lack of oral English teaching in secondary English teaching and is focusing on the measures toimprove oral English teaching from the perspectives of cultivating students’interest, getting over their psychological hindrance, promoting their English listening, improving their pronouncing and creating proper environment.

  7. On Bringing Industry English Teaching into College English Course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏圆圆

    2016-01-01

    With the development of global economy, it’s becoming increasingly important to bring industry English into College English Course. But there are still many problems about industry English teaching in most colleges. This paper will analyze these problems and put forward effective measures to promote industry English teaching.

  8. Learner Views on English and English Language Teaching in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Na; Lin, Chih-Kai; Wiley, Terrence G.

    2016-01-01

    Since the 1980s, China has represented one of the major growth areas in the world for English language education, and studying English has been a priority among its foreign language educational policies. As English has gained more popularity in China, some have noted the potential value of English as a means to greater educational access and…

  9. HOW TO MOTIVATE NON-ENGLISH MAJORS TO MASTER ENGLISH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    This paper analyses the factors causing the lack of learning motivation of non-English majors,re-garded as one of the crucial reasons leading to the inefficiency of college English teaching in Chi-na.It also puts forward corresponding ways to motivate non-English majors to study English.

  10. Application of Oral English in Secondary English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴超; 詹晋红

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyzes the lack of oral English teaching in secondary English teaching and is focusing on the measures to improve oral English teaching from the perspectives of cultivating students' interest, getting over their psychological hindrance, promoting their English listening, improving their pronouncing and creating proper environment.

  11. English Intonation Study on Male English Majors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹维康

    2015-01-01

    <正>1.Overview of English Intonation Research Intonation is the melody of speech.Pitch changes on stressed syllables determine the intonation patterns of an utterance.Intonation is the combination of pitch variations and stress.Intonation is also interpreted by Halliday as a complex of three systemic variables,tonality,tonicity and tone.According

  12. Nuflood, Version 1.x

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2016-07-29

    NUFLOOD Version 1.x is a surface-water hydrodynamic package designed for the simulation of overland flow of fluids. It consists of various routines to address a wide range of applications (e.g., rainfall-runoff, tsunami, storm surge) and real time, interactive visualization tools. NUFLOOD has been designed for general-purpose computers and workstations containing multi-core processors and/or graphics processing units. The software is easy to use and extensible, constructed in mind for instructors, students, and practicing engineers. NUFLOOD is intended to assist the water resource community in planning against water-related natural disasters.

  13. PVWatts Version 5 Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dobos, A. P.

    2014-09-01

    The NREL PVWatts calculator is a web application developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that estimates the electricity production of a grid-connected photovoltaic system based on a few simple inputs. PVWatts combines a number of sub-models to predict overall system performance, and makes includes several built-in parameters that are hidden from the user. This technical reference describes the sub-models, documents assumptions and hidden parameters, and explains the sequence of calculations that yield the final system performance estimate. This reference is applicable to the significantly revised version of PVWatts released by NREL in 2014.

  14. TOGAF version 9

    CERN Document Server

    Group, The Open

    2010-01-01

    This is the official Open Group Pocket Guide for TOGAF Version 9 Enterprise Edition. This pocket guide is published by Van Haren Publishing on behalf of The Open Group.TOGAF, The Open Group Architectural Framework is a fast growing, worldwide accepted standard that can help organisations build their own Enterprise Architecture in a standardised way. This book explains why the in?s and out?s of TOGAF in a concise manner.This book explains how TOGAF can help to make an Enterprise Architecture. Enterprise Architecture is an approach that can help management to understand this growing complexity.

  15. World Englishes and Its Implications for English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋德龙

    2012-01-01

    <正>The article mainly explores the current concept of World Englishes and its implication for language teaching.After the history and present definition of World Englishes have been discussed in a broad perspective,the author continues to talk about the influence of World Englishes on World Language Education.Chinese English education is then specifically addressed with implications given for both policy-makers and classroom teachers of English.

  16. China English and its Enlightenment and Influence on English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐倩茹

    2015-01-01

    The widespread use of English in China these years leads to the formation of two kinds of controversial languages: a new kind of world English cal ed China English and the other is Chinese English (Chinglish). The use of Chinglish needs to be reduced or eradicated, on the contrary, the use of China English should be proposed and it can provide enlightenment on language teaching.

  17. URGENCES NOUVELLE VERSION

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2002-01-01

    The table of emergency numbers that appeared in Bulletin 10/2002 is out of date. The updated version provided by the Medical Service appears on the following page. Please disregard the previous version. URGENT NEED OF A DOCTOR GENEVAPATIENT NOT FIT TO BE MOVED: Call your family doctor Or SOS MEDECINS (24H/24H) 748 49 50 Or ASSOC. OF GENEVA DOCTORS (7H-23H) 322 20 20 PATIENT CAN BE MOVED: HOPITAL CANTONAL 24 Micheli du Crest 372 33 11 382 33 11 CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL 6 rue Willy Donzé 382 68 18 382 45 55 MATERNITY 24 Micheli du Crest 382 68 16 382 33 11 OPHTALMOLOGY 22 Alcide Jentzer 382 84 00 HOPITAL DE LA TOUR Meyrin 719 61 11 CENTRE MEDICAL DE MEYRIN Champs Fréchets 719 74 00 URGENCES : FIRE BRIGADE 118 FIRE BRIGADE CERN 767 44 44 BESOIN URGENT D'AMBULANCE (GENEVE ET VAUD) : 144 POLICE 117 ANTI-POISON CENTRE 24H/24H 01 251 51 510 EUROPEAN EMERGENCY CALL: 112 FRANCE PATIENT NOT FIT TO BE MOVED: call your family doctor PATIENT CAN BE MOVED: ST. JULIE...

  18. English for journalists

    CERN Document Server

    Hicks, Wynford

    2012-01-01

    English for Journalists is an invaluable guide not only to the basics of English, but to those aspects of writing, such as reporting speech, house style and jargon, which are specific to the language of journalism. Written in an accessible style, beginning with the fundamentals of grammar and the use of spelling, punctuation and journalistic writing and each point is illustrated with concise examples.This revised and updated edition includes:* a discussion of the recent debates surrounding the use of standard and idiomatic English* the correct use and spelling of foreign words* a chapter on br

  19. CHARACTERISTICS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦娟; 黄舜

    2007-01-01

    The large scale colonization of America by British settlers took place in the seventeenth century.During the process,the immigrants brought English to America.They desert great influence to the development of American English.After the civil war,American got political independence,and then there arose a tendency to develop an American brand of English.Famous persons like Thomas Jeffe,Benjamin,Franklin,and Noah Webster began to consider that the country should have a language of its own.

  20. English Grammar For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Ward, Lesley J

    2009-01-01

    If you're confused by commas, perplexed by pronouns, and plain terrified by tenses, English Grammar For Dummies will put your fears to rest. Packed with expert guidance, it covers everything from sentence basics to rules even your English teacher didn't know - if you want to brush up on your grammar, this is the only guide you'll ever need. Discover how to: avoid common grammatical errors; get to grips with apostrophes; structure sentences correctly; use verbs and find the right tense; and decide when to use slang or formal English.  

  1. The Objectivity of China English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIE Fang

    2013-01-01

    China English, as one of the English varieties, is an objective reality. It is different from Chinglish which is an interlan-guage for Chinese English learners. This paper expresses the definition of China English, its objectivity and manifestations in terms of pronunciation, vocabulary, syntax and text.

  2. Translation skills of Business English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu; Lu; He; Yan-ni

    2014-01-01

    With the deepening of economic globalization,business English plays an increasingly vital role.In order to better translate business English,the translator has to adopt some important translation techniques.Thus,emphasis is placed on business English translation skills,such as omission,supplement and word conversion,etc,which provides some practical advice to the translation of business English.

  3. My Hesitation to Speak English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oda, Naruha

    2015-01-01

    Even though English was the author's favorite subject, she was not good at speaking in English, and always tried to avoid it. However, it did not matter because she did not have to speak to demonstrate her English ability. After entering university, her lack of confidence in speaking English became a major issue, and other students face the same…

  4. English Language Teaching Profile: Sweden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.

    This profile in outline form of the English language teaching situation in Sweden discusses the role of English within Swedish society and within the Swedish educational system. The status of English as the principal foreign language since 1945 for use in business, the media and tourism is pointed out. The system of English instruction in the…

  5. Translation skills of Business English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Lu; He Yan-ni

    2014-01-01

    With the deepening of economic globalization, business English plays an increasingly vital role. In order to better translate business English, the translator has to adopt some important translation techniques. Thus, emphasis is placed on business English translation skills, such as omission, supplement and word conversion, etc, which provides some practical advice to the translation of business English.

  6. The characteristic of business English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗宇妮

    2010-01-01

    Business English is a kind of English for special purposes. Besides the commoncharacteristic it has with the common English,it still has its own characteristic. In thispaper,some of its characteristics are introduced to help people understand well the businessEnglish.

  7. The Exploration of Learning English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春辉

    2015-01-01

    As English is becoming internationalized,English is becoming more and more important; therefore,many people want to study English and want to learn it very well.And here I want to share some of my own learning experience and some suggestions for the students who are working hard to learn English.

  8. Corpus Linguistics Facilitates English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱思亲

    2014-01-01

    Corpus linguistics has been widely applied in English teaching. Corpus linguistics has changed the way to teach English. The essay discusses two approaches in English teaching based on corpus, corpus-driven approach and corpus-based approach. It finds out that both corpus-driven approach and corpus-based approach facilitate English teaching in their own ways.

  9. Temporal Reference of Events in English and Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on a contrastive study of temporal reference of events in small clause between English and Chinese. Two versions of Chinese translation of Little Women and the original novel have been employed as the data. After analyzing the data from the aspects of temporal adverbials, default viewpoint aspect of predicates, aspectual markers and model verbs, we come to the conclusion that compared with in English. the category of tense in Chinese is less orominent while the category of aspect is more highlighted, and the future time is more marked with the use of model verbs as categorical markers than the past time and the present time.

  10. Brazilian version of the Berg balance scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miyamoto S.T.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to translate and adapt the Berg balance scale, an instrument for functional balance assessment, to Brazilian-Portuguese and to determine the reliability of scores obtained with the Brazilian adaptation. Two persons proficient in English independently translated the original scale into Brazilian-Portuguese and a consensus version was generated. Two translators performed a back translation. Discrepancies were discussed and solved by a panel. Forty patients older than 65 years and 40 therapists were included in the cultural adaptation phase. If more than 15% of therapists or patients reported difficulty in understanding an item, that item was reformulated and reapplied. The final Brazilian version was then tested on 36 elderly patients (over age 65. The average age was 72 years. Reliability of the measure was assessed twice by one physical therapist (1-week interval between assessments and once by one independent physical therapist. Descriptive analysis was used to characterize the patients. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC and Pearson's correlation coefficient were computed to assess intra- and interobserver reliability. Six questions were modified during the translation stage and cultural adaptation phase. The ICC for intra- and interobserver reliability was 0.99 (P < 0.001 and 0.98 (P < 0.001, respectively. The Pearson correlation coefficient for intra- and interobserver reliability was 0.98 (P < 0.001 and 0.97 (P < 0.001, respectively. We conclude that the Brazilian version of the Berg balance scale is a reliable instrument to be used in balance assessment of elderly Brazilian patients.

  11. Brazilian version of the Berg balance scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.T. Miyamoto

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to translate and adapt the Berg balance scale, an instrument for functional balance assessment, to Brazilian-Portuguese and to determine the reliability of scores obtained with the Brazilian adaptation. Two persons proficient in English independently translated the original scale into Brazilian-Portuguese and a consensus version was generated. Two translators performed a back translation. Discrepancies were discussed and solved by a panel. Forty patients older than 65 years and 40 therapists were included in the cultural adaptation phase. If more than 15% of therapists or patients reported difficulty in understanding an item, that item was reformulated and reapplied. The final Brazilian version was then tested on 36 elderly patients (over age 65. The average age was 72 years. Reliability of the measure was assessed twice by one physical therapist (1-week interval between assessments and once by one independent physical therapist. Descriptive analysis was used to characterize the patients. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC and Pearson's correlation coefficient were computed to assess intra- and interobserver reliability. Six questions were modified during the translation stage and cultural adaptation phase. The ICC for intra- and interobserver reliability was 0.99 (P < 0.001 and 0.98 (P < 0.001, respectively. The Pearson correlation coefficient for intra- and interobserver reliability was 0.98 (P < 0.001 and 0.97 (P < 0.001, respectively. We conclude that the Brazilian version of the Berg balance scale is a reliable instrument to be used in balance assessment of elderly Brazilian patients.

  12. English for Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moulin, Andre

    1974-01-01

    Examines four publications meant for intermediate or even advanced learners of English: first, two handbooks of commercial correspondence, then, two methods designed to develop the four basic language skills. (Author/PMP)

  13. English For Engineers

    OpenAIRE

    Sam Sundar

    2012-01-01

    In recent times, engineering students need to enhance their English communication skills and other soft skills to cope with tough competition in the job market. Mere subject knowledge in the chosen field of engineering is not going to assure any engineering graduate to be placed in any organization or to perform well. English language skills are considered as life skills or survival skills in the twenty-first century. Engineering students need to be able to think critically, solve pr...

  14. Psychometric properties of the faces version of the Malay-modified child dental anxiety scale

    OpenAIRE

    Esa, Rashidah; Hashim, Noratikah Awang; Ayob, Yuliana; Yusof, Zamros Yuzadi Mohd

    2015-01-01

    Background To evaluate the psychometric properties of the faces version of the Modified Child Dental Anxiety Scale (MCDASf) Malay version in 5–6 and 9–12 year-old children. Methods The MCDASf was cross culturally adapted from English into Malay. The Malay version was tested for reliability and validity in 3 studies. In the Study 1, to determine test-retest reliability of MCDASf scale, 166 preschool children aged 5–6 years were asked to rank orders five cartoons faces depicting emotions from ‘...

  15. ENGLISHES: INDONESIAN EFL TEACHERS’ PERCEPTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zusana E. Pudyastuti

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Since English is used as a lingua franca, the growth of English users is getting bigger. The tremendous growth of English users has generated variety of English, i.e. Englishes. Such variety could affect EFL pedagogy. This paper, then, explores EFL teachers’ perception on Englishes. By employing a survey study, it is found that EFL teachers agree that it is useful for both English teachers and students to know the variety of English. However, in the teaching practice, they prefer to integrate it to other language skills and language components rather than teaching it in isolation. Besides, adopting exonormative norm, i.e. American English or British English is still used in the common teaching practice. (113   Sejak Bahasa Inggris digunakan sebagai lingua franca, pengguna bahasa Inggris semakin berkembang pesat. Perkembangan pengguna bahasa inggris  tersebut telah menyebabkan variasi dalam bahasa Inggris, yaitu Englishes. Artikel ini menjelaskan tentang persepsi guru bahasa Inggris terhadap variasi tersebut. Dengan menggunakan metode survei, disimpulkan bahwa guru-guru EFL setuju bahwa pengetahuan akan Englishes sangatlah penting dimiliki baik oleh guru maupun siswa. Namun, mereka lebih menyukai jika pengajaran Englishes diintegrasikan dengan keterampilan bahasa dan komponen bahasa daripada harus mengajarkannya secara terpisah. Selain itu, menggunakan aturan exonormative, yaitu American English and British English masih tetap digunakan dalam praktik mengajar. (92

  16. Developing and Testing a Turkish Version of Torrance's Tests of Creative Thinking: A Study of Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aslan, A. Esra; Puccio, Gerard J.

    2006-01-01

    The present study had two purposes. The first was to translate one of the most popular creativity measures in the West, the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking, into Turkish and to check the equivalency of the Turkish version against the original English measure. The second, after developing an equivalent form of the TTCT in Turkish, was to…

  17. Test Review: The Modern Language Aptitude Test (Paper-and-Pencil Version)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasaki, Miyuki

    2012-01-01

    The Modern Language Aptitude Test (Paper-and-Pencil Version, henceforth, the MLAT) measures "an individual's ability to learn a foreign language." It targets English-speaking adults (over Grade 9) who are literate. The test has only one form, which has not changed since it was first published by the Psychological Corporation in 1959. The test can…

  18. English made easy

    CERN Document Server

    Crichton, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    This is a fun and user–friendly way to learn EnglishEnglish Made Easy is a breakthrough in English language learning—imaginatively exploiting how pictures and text can work together to create understanding and help learners learn more productively. It gives learners easy access to the vocabulary, grammar and functions of English as it is actually used in a comprehensive range of social situations. Self–guided students and classroom learners alike will be delighted by the way they are helped to progress easily from one unit to the next, using a combination of pictures and text to discover for themselves how English works. The pictorial method used in this book is based on a thorough understanding of language structure and how language is successfully learned.English Made Easy, Volume 2 consists of a total of 20 units arranged in groups of five. The first four units presents language and provide learners the opportunities to practice as they learn. The first page of each unit has a list of all the words...

  19. English made easy

    CERN Document Server

    Crichton, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    This is a fun and user–friendly way to learn English English Made Easy is a breakthrough in English language learning—imaginatively exploiting how pictures and text can work together to create understanding and help learners learn more productively. It gives learners easy access to the vocabulary, grammar and functions of English as it is actually used in a comprehensive range of social situations. Self–guided students and classroom learners alike will be delighted by the way they are helped to progress easily from one unit to the next, using a combination of pictures and text to discover for themselves how English works. The pictorial method used in this book is based on a thorough understanding of language structure and how language is successfully learned.English Made Easy, Volume 1 consists of a total of 20 units arranged in groups of five. The first four units presents language and provide learners the opportunities to practice as they learn. The first page of each unit has a list of all the word...

  20. Strategic Defamation of Fethullah Gulen: English vs. Turkish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dogan Koc

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Fethullah Gulen is a moderate Turkish Muslim scholar known for his educational and interfaith dialogue activities. While Gulen’s efforts are applauded by many in every corners of the world, a small group of authors try to defame Gulen and the Movement named after him. This paper shows Gulen’s defamers act strategically. While Gulen is portrayed as Gulen1: American/Zionist/Vatican agent in Turkish versions of defaming articles, he is presented as Gulen2: Islamist/Khomeini/New Ottoman/Caliphate in the English versions. Statistical analysis and literature review show that Gulen’s defamers act according to audiences.

  1. Strategic Defamation of Fethullah Gulen: English vs. Turkish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dogan Koc

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Fethullah Gulen is a moderate Turkish Muslim scholar known for his educational and interfaith dialogue activities. While Gulen's efforts are applauded by many in every corners of the world, a small group of authors try to defame Gulen and the Movement named after him. This paper shows Gulen's defamers act strategically. While Gulen is portrayed as Gulen1: American/Zionist/Vatican agent in Turkish versions of defaming articles, he is presented as Gulen2: Islamist/Khomeini/New Ottoman/Caliphate in the English versions. Statistical analysis and literature review show that Gulen's defamers act according to audiences.

  2. Cryptanalysis of Achterbahn-Version 1 and -Version 2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Li Huang; Chuan-Kun Wu

    2007-01-01

    Achterbahn is one of the candidate stream ciphers submitted to the eSTREAM, which is the ECRYPT StreamCipher Project. The cipher Achterbahn uses a new structure which is based on several nonlinear feedback shift registers(NLFSR) and a nonlinear combining output Boolean function. This paper proposes distinguishing attacks on Achterbahn-Version 1 and -Version 2 on the reduced mode and the full mode. These distinguishing attacks are based on linear approxi-mations of the output functions. On the basis of these linear approximations and the periods of the registers, parity checkswith noticeable biases are found. Then distinguishing attacks can be achieved through these biased parity checks. As toAchterbahn-Version 1, three cases that the output function has three possibilities are analyzed. Achterbahn-Version 2, themodification version of Achterbahn-Version 1, is designed to avert attacks based on approximations of the output Booleanfunction. Our attack with even much lower complexities on Achterbahn-Version 2 shows that Achterbahn-Version 2 cannotprevent attacks based on linear approximations.

  3. Creation of a Prolog Fact Base from the Collins English Dictionary

    OpenAIRE

    Wohlwend, Robert C.; Fox, Edward A.

    1988-01-01

    Machine readable dictionaries may be invaluable components of future in-formation retrieval systems. The Virginia Tech department of Computer Science is fortunate to have available for research purposes machine readable versions of the Collins English Dictionary (CED) [HANK 79] and of the Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary of Current English (OALDCE) [HORN 74] among others. McIllroy [MCIL 84] and Mitton [MIlT 85] have put forth separate efforts in cleaning up the OALDCE. The CED is only avai...

  4. Preliminary Validation of a Brazilian Version of the Sport Motivation Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Bara Filho

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The Sport Motivation Scale was firstly developed in French and later translated into English and validated by Pelletier et al. (1995. It is based on the principles of self-determination theory. The present study translated the English version into Portuguese to access and validate it with Brazilian athletes using a sample of 419 athletes (127 women and 292 men from ten sports. The Brazilian version of the scale showed satisfactory levels of internal consistency and temporal stability over a four-week period. The results of a confirmatory factor analysis partially supported the seven-factor structure. Finally, gender differences were found in all subscales. Taken together, these findings support the use of the Brazilian version of the scale for the assessment of motivation in sport.

  5. Event-related potentials associated with Chinese and English color-word Stroop tasks in Chinese bilinguals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the neural electrophysiological activity underlying Chinese and English Stroop tasks for Chinese-English bilinguals. Methods: Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded in 14 Chinese bilinguals with a moderate command of English when they performed the Stroop task presented in English words and Chinese characters, respectively. Results: In Chinese task version, it was found an increased positivity over bilateral front-polar regions on incongruent trials compared with congruent trials, followed by an increased negativity over fronto-central region and an increased positivity over occipital region. While in English task version, only the increased negativity was observed over fronto-central region, but with reduced amplitude and anterior distribution. Conclusion: This increased negativity was proposed as an index of the resolution processes of conflicting information in the incongruent situation. The increased positivity over occipital region on Chinese incongruent trials may indicate visually rechecking effect for Chinese character.

  6. Versions Of Care Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sampsa Hyysalo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The importance of users for innovation has been increasingly emphasized in the literatures on design and management of technology. However, less attention has been given to how people shape technology-in-use. This paper first provides a review of literature on technology use in the social and cultural studies of technology. It then moves to examine empirically how a novel alarm and monitoring appliance was appropriated in the work of home-care nurses and in the everyday living of elderly people. Analysis shows that even these technically unsavvy users shaped the technology considerably by various, even if mundane, acts of adapting it materially, as well as by attributing different meanings to it. However, the paper goes on to argue that such commonplace phrasing of the findings obscures their significance and interrelations. Consequently, the final section of the paper reframes the key findings of this study using the concepts of practice, enactment, and versions of technology to reach a more adequate description.

  7. Testing the Psychometric Properties of a Chinese Version of the Level of Expressed Emotion Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wai Tong Chien

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study tested the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the level of expressed emotion scale in Hong Kong Chinese patients with severe mental illness and their family caregivers. First, the semantic equivalence with the original English version and test-retest reliability at 2-week interval of the Chinese version was examined. After that, the reproducibility, construct validity, and internal consistency of the Chinese version were tested. The Chinese version indicated good semantic equivalence with the English version (kappa values = 0.76–0.95 and ICC = 0.81–0.92, test-retest reliability (r = 0.89–0.95, P<0.01, and internal consistency (Cronbach’s α = 0.86–0.92. Among 262 patients with severe mental illness and their caregivers, the 50-item Chinese version had substantial loadings on one of the four factors identified (intrusiveness/hostility, attitude towards patient, tolerance, and emotional involvement, accounting for 71.8% of the total variance of expressed emotion. In confirmatory factor analysis, the identified four-factor model showed the best fit based on all fit indices (χ2/df = 1.93, P=0.75; AGFI = 0.96; TLI = 1.02; RMSEA = 0.031; WRMR = 0.78 to the collected data. The four-factor Chinese version also indicated a good concurrent validity with significant correlations with family functioning (r = −0.54 and family burden (r = 0.49 and a satisfactory reproducibility over six months (intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.90. The mean scores of the overall and subscale of the Chinese version in patients with unipolar disorder were higher than in other illness groups (schizophrenia, psychotic disorders, and bipolar disorder; P<0.01. The Chinese version demonstrates sound psychometric properties to measure families’ expressed emotion in Chinese patients with severe mental illness, which are found varied across countries.

  8. Validation of a Chinese version of the dental anxiety inventory

    OpenAIRE

    Ng, SKS; Stouthard, MEA; Keung Leung, W.

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: To translate the English version of Dental Anxiety Inventory (DAxI) and its short-form (SDAxI) and to validate their use in Hong Kong Chinese. Methods: The DAxI and SDAxI were translated into Chinese. A total of 500 adults (18-64 years) were interviewed, the Chinese DAxI, Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90), Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were completed. Based on their initial DAxI scores, 135 interviewees were invited to attend a dental...

  9. Importance of English and Different Methods of Teaching English

    OpenAIRE

    Reddy, Dr. P. Sreenivasulu

    2013-01-01

    Todays world considers English as a global language. The present article explains how the teaching of English started with Grammar-Translation Method and secured a strong hold in the field of teaching English, though its basic assumptions were questionable. It also examines the principles of Direct Method and its insistence on establishing a bond between the experience and expression. In an effort to meet the needs of the Indian students of English, we learn that Michael West proposed the Rea...

  10. Discussing College English Learners' Attitude and Motivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜自凤

    2009-01-01

    Many English learners claim that they have trouble in communicating with foreigners.Therefore,this paper isto discuss college English learners' attitude and motivation toward English learning by analyzing the obstacles of English learning.

  11. On English Reading Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱芬

    2008-01-01

    Reading is one of the four important skills in English learning.It is also a skill that the students need to possess to support independent and self-directed learning.With the development of society,science and technology develop at hish speed and the competition in the society become sharp.Reading is a way for students to be more knowledgeable and successful.So,it becomes more and more important to speed up their reading in order to acquire as much information as possible.Thus,fostering a good English reading habit is essential,and being able to adopt different reading skills for different reading materials and purposes will also help to read more effectively.The paper mainly concenls some basic English reading skills.

  12. English Book Club

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN English Book Club

    2010-01-01

    AGM  --  AGM  -- 2010 --  AGM  --  AGM The CERN ENGLISH BOOK CLUB will hold its 2010 AGM at 18h00 on Monday November 22nd in the club rooms (club barrack 564). Club members are invited to attend. Any members wishing to add points on to the agenda should contact one of the committee before November 12th. AGM  --  AGM  -- 2010 --  AGM  --  AGM The English Book Club has a collection of over 4500 English language books, mostly general fiction with a sprinkling of nonfiction and children’s books. New books are purchased regularly and the books are shelved in our club room which is accessible to members at all times. Membership is open to all (staff and external) and there is a special tariff for short term students. See the club’s website at http://cern.ch/englishbookclub for more details.  

  13. English Book Club

    CERN Document Server

    English Book Club

    2012-01-01

    The CERN English Book Club will hold its 2012 AGM at 17h30 on Monday 5th March in the club rooms (club barrack 564). Club members are invited to attend. Any members wishing to add points on to the agenda should contact one of the committee before February 27th. The English Book Club has a collection of over 4500 English language books, mostly general fiction with a sprinkling of nonfiction and children’s books. New books are purchased regularly and the books are shelved in our club room which is accessible to members at all times. Membership is open to all (staff and external) and there is a special tariff for short term students. See the club’s website at http://cern.ch/englishbookclub for more details.

  14. English-Only Europe?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Phillipson, Robert

    English-Only Europe? explores the role of languages in the process of European integration. Languages are central to the development of an integrated Europe. The way in which the European Union deals with multilingualism has serious implications for both individual member countries and internatio......English-Only Europe? explores the role of languages in the process of European integration. Languages are central to the development of an integrated Europe. The way in which the European Union deals with multilingualism has serious implications for both individual member countries and...... international relations. In this book, Robert Phillipson considers whether the contemporary expansion of English represents a serious threat to other European languages. After exploring the implications of current policies, Phillipson argues the case for more active language policies to safeguard a multilingual...

  15. Sexism and English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊花

    2014-01-01

    As a widespread social phenomenon, sexism has been gone through a long history in human society. Since language is regarded as a communicative tool, a mirror of the society and reflection of people ’s thinking and values, the sexual discrimination is inevitably reflected in language. As we all know that the sexism has brought about many negative influences, so everyone is committed to eliminating this phenomenon. On the basis of domestic and overseas studies about sexism, this thesis enumerates its definitions in different dictionaries and analyzes it from the formation, meaning and order of English words. What is more, as an important part in education, English teachers play a significant role in the development of students and help them to set up the equal awareness as well as use English appropriately, which is a great contribution to eliminate the sexual phenomenon.

  16. Practices That Promote English Reading for English Learners (Els)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, Rebecca S.; Harris, Bryn; McClain, Maryellen Brunson

    2014-01-01

    Schools are becoming increasingly diversified; however, training and professional development related to working with English language learners (ELs), especially in the area of English reading, is limited. In this article, we identify three "Big Ideas" of effective and collaborative practices that promote English reading achievement for…

  17. On Differences between General English Teaching and Business English Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Wenzhong; Liao, Fang

    2008-01-01

    With the accelerating rate of globalization, business exchanges are carried out cross the border, as a result there is a growing demand for talents professional both in English and Business. We can see that at present Business English courses are offered by many language schools in the aim of meeting the need for Business English talent. Many…

  18. World Englishes, English as an International Language and Applied Linguistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilickaya, Ferit

    2009-01-01

    The paper discusses World Englishes (WEs) in relation to English as an International Language (EIL) and Applied Linguistics. Taking into account Kachru's interesting but at the same time controversial debate about the status of English in its varieties, which are commonly called WEs and the opposing ideas presented by Quirk, it is aimed to present…

  19. An Investigation of English Writing Anxiety Among English Majors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马星星

    2013-01-01

    With Daly, Horwitz and Y-S-Cheng’s theoretical model of second language writing anxiety as research framework, this thesis surveyed English majors’English writing anxiety. Findings of the present study show that all of the English major stu⁃dents experience English writing anxiety. There is no significant difference in English anxiety among students from three different grades. There is significant difference in English writing anxiety between the students who hold positive attitudes towards English writing and those who hold negative attitudes towards English writing and there is significant difference in English writing anxi⁃ety among students who rated their English writing good, average and bad. Results from the qualitative study show the reasons why there is little difference in English writing anxiety among students from three different grades. What’s more, it is shown that the poor writing skills, cognitive anxiety, test anxiety and erroneous beliefs toward English writing are the main sources of Eng⁃lish writing anxiety.

  20. Translation Strategies of English Metaphor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔令会

    2010-01-01

    Metaphor is one of the important and forceful figures of speech in English. In practice of translating English metaphors into Chinese, some approaches are available: literal translation, changing metaphor into sim/h, conversion, liberal translation and complement.

  1. General ideas on English reading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝文瑛

    2015-01-01

    This paper is talking about some general ideas on English reading in order to help teachers and learners foster some reading skills by seeing through its natures aiming at effective and productive English teaching and learning.

  2. Language Anxiety in English Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁雪

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims to discuss the language anxiety in English learning from the following two aspects: the definition of anxiety and the effects of language anxiety. Meanwhile, it provides some pedagogical implications to college English teachers and learners.

  3. Intercultural Communication and English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁杨

    2010-01-01

    This article talks about the relation between intercultural communication and English teaching,the importance of cultivating the knowledge of intercultural communication while teaching English,and some methods to let students develop the consciousness of intercultural communication.

  4. Gimson's pronunciation of English

    CERN Document Server

    Cruttenden, Alan

    2014-01-01

    Since its first publication in 1962, Gimson's Pronunciation of English has been the essential reference book for anyone studying or teaching the pronunciation of English.This eighth edition has been updated to describe General British (GB) as the principal accent, rather than RP, and the accompanying transcriptions have been brought into line with recent changes in pronunciation. This latest edition also includes completely rewritten chapters on the history of the language and the emergence of a standard, alongside a justification for the change from RP to GB.

  5. Higher English for CFE

    CERN Document Server

    Cunningham, Carolyn

    2015-01-01

    A comprehensive working guide to the the Critical Reading section of Higher English for CfE - worth 40% of available marks in the exam!. Critical Reading (Scottish text questions and critical essay) is a very significant element of the new Higher English qualification. This book provides you with the support and advice you will need to succeed in this vital area, with a top expert guiding you through the course and suggesting approaches to the exam, so that you achieve the best grades you can. By focusing on specific examples of Scottish texts, this book enables you to increase your knowledge

  6. Teachers of Englishes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Roby Marlina

    2010-01-01

    @@ Whilst running sessions in teacher training programmes on teaching methodologies for speaking and pronunciation,I often hear heartbreaking comments from my trainees.My non-native-English-speaking trainees,on the one hand,complain that they feel that they speak English with a strong accent and ask if it is possible to teach them some ways to eliminate their accents so that they sound more like the Americans or the British-and so that they can then use the same methodology with their own future students.

  7. Resources for teaching English

    CERN Document Server

    Ceranic, Helena

    2011-01-01

    English teachers constantly have to think up new ways to engage their class. It's hard enough for teachers to fit all their marking, extra-curricular duties and training into their lives, let alone finding time to think up exciting new ways of introducing Dickens, or designing activities to bring Caribbean poetry to life. Resources for Teaching English 11-14 provides complete, curriculum-friendly lesson plans and student worksheets for busy secondary school teachers. This resource comprises an assortment of more than 70 lesson plans, each designed to motivate and inspire students and

  8. Higher English for CFE

    CERN Document Server

    Bridges, Ann; Mitchell, John

    2015-01-01

    A brand new edition of the former Higher English: Close Reading , completely revised and updated for the new Higher element (Reading for Understanding, Analysis and Evaluation) - worth 30% of marks in the final exam!. We are working with SQA to secure endorsement for this title. Written by two highly experienced authors this book shows you how to practice for the Reading for Understanding, Analysis and Evaluation section of the new Higher English exam. This book introduces the terms and concepts that lie behind success and offers guidance on the interpretation of questions and targeting answer

  9. On Tourism English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高洋

    2003-01-01

    本文作者从说、读、写等几方面探讨了怎样有效地进行旅游英语教学.同时,作者指出旅游英语教学要适应旅游业的发展.%The article major discusses how to improve tourism English teaehing from the following aspects:speaking, reading, writing, and combining with reality. Besides, the writer also emphasizes that tourism English teaching should keep the pace with its development.

  10. Linguistic Characteristics of Advertising English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易高燕

    2010-01-01

    Advertising language takes form under the influence of linguistics,psychology and sociology,etc,and its way of choosing words and building sentences are quite different from normal English.And as a practical language,advertising English has its specific functions,and it has been distinguished from normal English as an independent language,and it has plentiful values.This paper aims to discuss some linguistic characteristics of advertising English.

  11. The Way I Learn English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓玲

    2007-01-01

    <正>It is known to us that English is very important.However,how to learn it well is a problem for many English learners,including me.I have met many difficulties in learning English,but I always do my best to

  12. East Asian Culture via English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zoya; Proshina

    2000-01-01

    Today s English is evidently turningiuto the International English language,which implies that it has incorporated lan-guage and culture elements of various eth-nic groups and has become a language forintercultural communication.ThroughEnglish,people of various cultures come toknow other natious hotter.It is a notablefact that there arc million times as many

  13. The Origin of English Allusions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨琴琴; 郭艳梅

    2011-01-01

    English allusion is regarded as the most active and important elements of English words.It is widely accepted by the people of English speaking countries and is widely used in people's daily life such as: newspaper,magazines,TV and radios and so on,becaus

  14. Methods of Enlarging English Vocabulary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁小航

    2012-01-01

      In order to enlarge English vocabulary , we need to have some methods. I’d like to share my experience with begin⁃ners how I enlarge English vocabulary when when I am learning English. It is a long process and needs hard work and patience.

  15. AMERICAN ENGLISH FOR INTERNATIONAL BUSINESSMEN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    COSTINETT, SANDRA; ROSS, GORDON

    DESIGNED FOR NON-ENGLISH SPEAKERS ON AN INTERMEDIATE-ADVANCED LEVEL OF ENGLISH, THIS TEXT PROVIDES FOR PRACTICE IN CONVERSATIONAL BUSINESS ENGLISH. EACH OF THE TWELVE UNITS IS BASED ON A SPECIFIC TOPIC--PHONE CALLS, TRAVEL ARRANGEMENTS, QUARTERLY REPORTS AND SALES, ORGANIZATION CHARTS, ORDERING, PLANT LAYOUT, INVESTMENTS, EMPLOYEE BENEFITS,…

  16. Symposium: What Is College English?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Lynn Z.; White, Edward M.; Enoch, Jessica; Hawk, Byron

    2013-01-01

    This symposium explores the role(s) College English has (or has not) had in the scholarly work of four scholars. Lynn Bloom explores the many ways College English influenced her work and the work of others throughout their scholarly lives. Edward M. White examines four articles he has published in College English and draws connections between…

  17. Techniques of English Textbooks Adaptation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婧雯; 杨竞欧

    2014-01-01

    This essay attempts to aim English teachers to evaluate and adapt the current English textbooks.According to different levels and majors of the students,English teachers can enhance the teaching materials and their teaching skills.This paper would provide several useful techniques for teachers to make evaluations and adaptations of using teaching materials.

  18. The English Language Growth Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rochecouste, Judith; Oliver, Rhonda; Mulligan, Denise; Davies, Martin

    2011-01-01

    The English Language Growth (ELG) Project was conducted in five Australian universities in 2008-09 to address the on-going English language development of international students from non-English speaking backgrounds. Using an online survey inviting both qualitative and quantitative responses, 798 international students provided a rich source of…

  19. ASL? English? Which? Comparing Comprehension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eagney, Peggy

    1987-01-01

    Comparisons of 91 deaf children's (ages 5-15) understanding of 25 sentences presented in American Sign Language (ASL), simplified English, and standard English showed no significant differences in the children's ability to comprehend the three different forms. Findings do not support proposals to substitute ASL or simplified English for standard…

  20. A Further Examination of the Effects of Administering the Metropolitan Reading Tests in Spanish and English to Spanish-Speaking School Entrants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Sylvia; And Others

    In a study designed to assess effects of administering the Metropolitan Reading Test (MRT) in Spanish versus English, 100 Puerto Rican kindergarten pupils were randomly split into two groups. The MRT was administered in English to one group and in a Spanish translation to the other group. The group who took the Spanish version significantly…

  1. A National Study of Spanish/English Bilingualism in Young Hispanic Children of the United States. Bilingual Education Paper Series, Vol. 4, No. 12.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Eugene E.; And Others

    Six hundred, 4-, 5-, and 6-year-old bilingual, rural, and urban children from southwestern, midwestern, eastern, and southern United States participated in a national study of Spanish/English bilingual development. Half of these children completed the English version of CIRCO (1980) sub-test 10-C, a productive language measure that requires…

  2. Enigma Version 12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shores, David; Goza, Sharon P.; McKeegan, Cheyenne; Easley, Rick; Way, Janet; Everett, Shonn; Guerra, Mark; Kraesig, Ray; Leu, William

    2013-01-01

    Enigma Version 12 software combines model building, animation, and engineering visualization into one concise software package. Enigma employs a versatile user interface to allow average users access to even the most complex pieces of the application. Using Enigma eliminates the need to buy and learn several software packages to create an engineering visualization. Models can be created and/or modified within Enigma down to the polygon level. Textures and materials can be applied for additional realism. Within Enigma, these models can be combined to create systems of models that have a hierarchical relationship to one another, such as a robotic arm. Then these systems can be animated within the program or controlled by an external application programming interface (API). In addition, Enigma provides the ability to use plug-ins. Plugins allow the user to create custom code for a specific application and access the Enigma model and system data, but still use the Enigma drawing functionality. CAD files can be imported into Enigma and combined to create systems of computer graphics models that can be manipulated with constraints. An API is available so that an engineer can write a simulation and drive the computer graphics models with no knowledge of computer graphics. An animation editor allows an engineer to set up sequences of animations generated by simulations or by conceptual trajectories in order to record these to highquality media for presentation. Enigma Version 12 Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas 28 NASA Tech Briefs, September 2013 Planetary Protection Bioburden Analysis Program NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California This program is a Microsoft Access program that performed statistical analysis of the colony counts from assays performed on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) spacecraft to determine the bioburden density, 3-sigma biodensity, and the total bioburdens required for the MSL prelaunch reports. It also contains numerous

  3. Countability in World Englishes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Christopher J.; Schmidtke, Daniel; Vickers, Jamie

    2013-01-01

    In this study we explored variation in the countability of nouns in Outer Circle, Expanding Circle and lingua franca Englishes, a phenomenon which is frequently cited as a marker of Inner Circle norms in TESOL and of endonormative and emerging varieties in the Outer and Expanding Circles. We inspected a set of mass nouns like "information" and…

  4. Teaching english through songs

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Sánchez, Sandra

    2009-01-01

    [EN]This work focuses on learning English through songs. [ES]Ese trabajo se centra en el aprendizaje del inglés utilizando canciones. Trabajo de Fin de Máster del Máster en Estudios Ingleses Avanzados: Lenguas y Culturas en contacto, curso 2008-2009

  5. Quantum English Auctions

    CERN Document Server

    Piotrowski, E W

    2001-01-01

    We continue the analysis of quantum-like description of markets and economics. The approach has roots in the recently developed quantum game theory and quantum computing. The present paper is devoted to quantum English auction which are a special class of quantum market games. The approach allows to calculate profit intensities for various possible strategies.

  6. Colourful English Colour Words

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    English colour words, though very small in number, reflect to a great extent the different cultural connotations of different languages. This paper gives quite a few idiomatic usages,and ranslation examples of some colour words and illustrates the mportance of a clear understanding of cultural - loaded words in translation practice.

  7. English Intonation Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Jack Windsor

    This paper is a critical survey of the work of various linguists in the field of English intonation studies. Crystal's work is cited as being particularly influential in the author's work. It is argued that there is a lack of progress in this field because of a preoccupation on the part of scholars with their own studies and their application and…

  8. Discussion about English Vocabulary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenxia Zhang

    2008-01-01

    Vocabulary becomes more and more crucial in English learning.The article depicts six main domains about the mastery and enlargement of vocabulary,and they are motivation and aim,major fields,word,ways,radiation,and concrete execution respectively.

  9. Taboos in English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马永辉; 孔臻珠

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses the importance of tahoo in Englih- teaching, from the origin of taboos, the meaning of taboos, and the linguistic circumstance of taboos, to enhance our cross cultural consiousness, to lay a solid foundation for English learning and communication

  10. English II: ENG 152.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudson, James

    A course guide for students in English 152 of Oakland Community College, a composition course in argumentative writing, this document gives the class schedule, the course outline, examples of writing, worksheets, ways of preparing bibliography and note cards, checklists, and a research bibliography, as well as presenting other cogent materials.…

  11. Assessing doctors' competencies using multisource feedback: validating a Japanese version of the Sheffield Peer Review Assessment Tool (SPRAT).

    OpenAIRE

    Sasaki, Hatoko; Archer, Julian; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Mori, Rintaro; Nishida, Toshihiko; Kusuda, Satoshi; Nakayama, Takeo

    2015-01-01

    [Objective] To assess the validity and reliability of the Sheffield Peer Review Assessment Tool (SPRAT) Japanese version for evaluating doctors’ competencies using multisource feedback. [Methods] SPRAT, originally developed in the UK, was translated and validated in three phases: (1) an existing Japanese version of SPRAT was back-translated into English; (2) two expert panel meetings were held to develop and assure content validity in a Japanese setting; (3) the newly devised Japanese SPRAT i...

  12. Assessing doctors’ competencies using multisource feedback: validating a Japanese version of the Sheffield Peer Review Assessment Tool (SPRAT)

    OpenAIRE

    Sasaki, Hatoko; Archer, Julian; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Mori, Rintaro; Nishida, Toshihiko; Kusuda, Satoshi; Nakayama, Takeo

    2015-01-01

    Objective To assess the validity and reliability of the Sheffield Peer Review Assessment Tool (SPRAT) Japanese version for evaluating doctors’ competencies using multisource feedback. Methods SPRAT, originally developed in the UK, was translated and validated in three phases: (1) an existing Japanese version of SPRAT was back-translated into English; (2) two expert panel meetings were held to develop and assure content validity in a Japanese setting; (3) the newly devised Japanese SPRAT instr...

  13. Reconsidering English Grammar Teaching for Improving Non-English Majors' English Writing Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Yuru

    2012-01-01

    With the globalization of world economy, English learners' writing ability has been attached less and less importance. As a result, many college students in China, especially the non-English majors, cannot express themselves effectively in written English. They make various kinds of mistakes, mostly grammar mistakes, such as writing sentence…

  14. Thinking of English Quality Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁捷

    2012-01-01

    On the suggestions of advancing quality-oriented education actively, the State Education Commission made detailed explanation to Chinese quality education: Quality Education is education taking improv- ing whole nation’s quality as its aim. With the high-speed development of economy, quality education, especially English quality education, is out of line from development in our country. Thus, based on the current situation of English Quality Education, it deserves our attention of Secondary Vocational English Quality Education on English quality, English quality education, principles and strategies.

  15. The Distinction Between English Synonyms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段佳

    2012-01-01

      A large number of new words and terms flock in the English vocabulary and English has a variety of expressive methods making it possible to express the same meaning by different words. Therefore English synonyms are so abundant that it is possible to describe the colorful world and to express the complicated, delicate human thought and emotions. But they bring people many problems such as the correct choice of words from synonyms. The reason for this problem is the insufficient knowledge of the distinction of English synonyms, which have differences in many aspects. This paper offers three main aspects in distinguishing English synonyms that include words’ meaning, coloring and usage.

  16. Study Habits on English Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Feng

    2013-01-01

    Currently, China gradual y focuses on the development of local English education in order to expand its influence to the world. The essay wil analyze the situation of English education in China and explain the importance of study habits to English education. Meanwhile, some advices for Chinese education changes wil be given. According to the essay, it can be found that study habit is essential for further English education. China cannot be stick to its English education strategy al the time because Chinese students rely too much on the teaching strategies instead of their own study habits.

  17. Analyzing the Grammar of English

    CERN Document Server

    Teschner, Richard V

    2007-01-01

    Analyzing the Grammar of English offers a descriptive analysis of the indispensable elements of English grammar. Designed to be covered in one semester, this textbook starts from scratch and takes nothing for granted beyond a reading and speaking knowledge of English. Extensively revised to function better in skills-building classes, it includes more interspersed exercises that promptly test what is taught, simplified and clarified explanations, greatly expanded and more diverse activities, and a new glossary of over 200 technical terms.Analyzing the Grammar of English is the only English gram

  18. How to Improve Spoken English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑瑜

    2015-01-01

    Undoubtedly,English has become more and more important in our daily lives,and how to communicate with others in English fluently has aroused general concern.Picking up a second language is always not that easy.Ironically,the truth is that many Chinese realize it is a big problem to speak English fluently although they can easily get a high score in some English written exams.Spoken English is so important that I mainly introduce some effective methods to practice and improve it in this essay.

  19. How to Improve Spoken English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑瑜

    2015-01-01

    Undoubtedly,English has become more and more important in our daily lives,and how to communicate with others in English fluently has aroused general concern.Picking up a second language is always not that easy.Ironically,the truth is that many Chinese realize it is a big problem to speak English fluently although they can easily get a high score in some English written exams.Spoken English is so important that I mainly introduce some effective methods to practice and improve it in this essay .

  20. Integrated PEV Charging Solutions and Reduced Energy for Occupant Comfort (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2012-01-01

    Brochure on Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility, featuring the Vehicle Modification Facility, Vehicle Test Pad and ReCharge Integrated Demonstration System. Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) offer the opportunity to shift transportation energy demands from petroleum to electricity, but broad adoption will require integration with other systems. While automotive experts work to reduce the cost of PEVs, fossil fueled cars and trucks continue to burn hundreds of billions of gallons of petroleum each year - not only to get from point A to point B, but also to keep passengers comfortable with air conditioning and heat. At the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), three installations form a research laboratory known as the Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility (VTIF). At the VTIF, engineers are developing strategies to address two separate but equally crucial areas of research: meeting the demands of electric vehicle-grid integration and minimizing fuel consumption related to vehicle climate control. Part of NREL's Center for Transportation Technologies and Systems (CTTS), the VTIF is dedicated to renewable and energy efficient solutions. This facility showcases technology and systems designed to increase the viability of sustainably powered vehicles. NREL researchers instrument every class of on-road vehicle, conduct hardware and software validation for electric vehicle (EV) components and accessories, and develop analysis tools and technology for the Department of Energy, other government agencies and industry partners. Research conducted at the VTIF examines the interaction of building energy systems, utility grids, renewable energy sources and PEVs, integrating energy management solutions, and maximizing potential greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, while smoothing the transition and reducing costs for EV owners. NREL's collaboration with automakers, charging station manufacturers, utilities and fleet operators to assess technologies using VTIF

  1. Linguistic Features of English and Russian Dictionaries (A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Leščinskij

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to establish differences and similarities between linguistic characteristics of English and Russian dictionaries. Two dictionaries were selected for the study – electronic version of the 8th edition of Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (OALD and the online version of Ozhegov’s explanatory dictionary. The methods chosen for the study were descriptive, comparative and contrastive analysis. Linguistic characteristics of the dictionaries were analysed and compared. The research showed that both reference books provided different linguistic information on the headwords. OALD provided exhaustive phonetic information, which Ozhegov’s dictionary lacked. The two dictionaries provided different orthographic information. OALD disclosed semantic information via various tools available in the electronic version; these were unavailable in Ozhegov’s dictionary. Both dictionaries used similar stylistic labels.

  2. English Proficiency and English Exposure in the Media. A comparative study between countries with high and low English exposure

    OpenAIRE

    Molnár, Máté, 1989-

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this essay is to demonstrate the differences between countries that are exposed to English, and countries that are not exposed to English in the media. The English exposure in the media of Iceland and Hungary are presented as examples of countries with a different amount of English exposure. The research on the English exposure of these two countries illustrates that Icelanders are more exposed to English than Hungarians and that Icelanders are more proficient in English. A study w...

  3. Component versioning for protocol configuration management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Tian-zhou; HE Zhen-jie; HUANG Jiang-wei; DAI Hong-jun

    2005-01-01

    Classical software configuration management which deals with source code versioning becomes insufficient when most components are distributed in binary form. As an important aspect of software configuration, protocol configuration also encounters those problems. This paper focuses on solving protocol component versioning issues for protocol configuration management on embedded system, incorporating the following versioning issues: version identification, version description and protocol component archiving and retrieving based on the version library.

  4. Different Ways of Thinking in Chinese and English and the English Translation of Zhaotong Travel Guide%汉英思维差异与《昭通旅游导游词》的英译

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈剑; 曾济民; 张力

    2013-01-01

    A contrast analysis of tourist parallel texts in Chinese and English reveals that,they share similar writing motivation and text function,but differ greatly at language feature,information function,aesthetic habit,cognitive schema,and artistic style.All the differences are closely related to different ways of thinking in Chinese and English,which partly determine the strategies and ap-proaches employed in the English translation of tourist brochures such as Zhaotong Travel Guide.%通过对汉英旅游平行文本的对比分析,发现他们具有相似的写作动机和文本功能,但由于汉英民族的思维差异,二者在语言特点、信息功能、审美习惯、认知图示、文体风格上表现出较大的不同,这些不同又影响到《昭通旅游导游词》这类旅游景点介绍文本的翻译策略和方法。

  5. Translation and equivalence assessment for a Japanese version of the modified Parental Nurturance Scale: a comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Griffiths Peter

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This paper reports on the modification of the Parental Nurturance Scale (PNS, translation of the modified version (PNSM from English to Japanese, and equivalence assessment between the PNSM and the translated version (PNSM-J. The PNS was modified so as to enable its use in nurturance studies where the prime source of nurturance might vary between respondents. Method It was translated into Japanese through the forward-backward translation procedure. With attempting to enhance representativeness of language in the target populations, translators used were married couples that consisted of a native English speaker and a native Japanese speaker. Multiple translations were produced and used to make a single Japanese version. A panel of reviewers identified problems in conceptual and semantic equivalence between the original and the translated versions. The Japanese version was altered accordingly with reference to alternate Japanese forms from the original English to Japanese translations. The altered translation was again re-translated into English and problematic differences were checked. This forward-backward process was repeated until satisfactory agreement was attained. The PNSM was administered to 222 native English speakers and the PNSM-J to 1320 native Japanese speakers. Results Factor analysis and target rotation revealed a nearly identical factor structure and factor loadings of the items of the PNSM and PNSM-J between the different cultural groups. High Cronbach's alpha coefficient supported the reliability of the test scores on both versions. Conclusion The equivalence between the two scales was supported. It is suggested that the PNSM and PNSM-J are suitable tools for comparative cross-cultural studies.

  6. English Education of Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛雨潇

    2014-01-01

    With the further development of China's reform and opening up, our communication with the world more and more frequently, more and more closely. As the primary tool of international communication, English is particularly important. Now, to strengthen foreign language teaching, especially to learn foreign languages at children, has become a global trend. In China, many schools and teachers for many years to carry out a useful attempt of children's English teaching, and accumulated a lot of successful experience, of course, there are many difficulties and setbacks, and even failure. How to exclude the difficulty and the setback, avoid failure? I combined with my own teaching practice, discusses and studies for many years, has received the good ef-fect.

  7. Teaching English Vocabulary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝丹

    2014-01-01

    Grammar provides the overall patterns, and vocabulary is the material to put in the patterns. Without grammar we can convey a little, but without vocabulary we can convey nothing. Vocabulary teaching is an indispensable part of English curriculum. Art is a kind of creation. Teaching vocabulary artistically can make teachers and students build up created consciousness in teaching and learning vocabulary activities and teachers put their experience and emotions towards beauty into teaching activities to raise general vocabulary teaching activities to appreciation of beauty and creative activities, convert bitter into happy, tense into ease. Thus the non-intellectual factors like motive, interest, emotion, self-confidence and so on can be developed naturally and they will elaborate a great part in English vocabulary teaching. At the same time, the relationship between teachers and students can get improved fundamentally furthest and it pushes vocabulary teaching powerfully in turn.

  8. English For Engineers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sam Sundar

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent times, engineering students need to enhance their English communication skills and other soft skills to cope with tough competition in the job market. Mere subject knowledge in the chosen field of engineering is not going to assure any engineering graduate to be placed in any organization or to perform well. English language skills are considered as life skills or survival skills in the twenty-first century. Engineering students need to be able to think critically, solve problems, communicate clearly, be creative and work in a team in order to get placed in a reputed company. There is an increasing focus on and demand for soft skills and there should be a shift from imparting mere linguistic skills to multi-skills in an integrated manner.

  9. Achieving English Spoken Fluency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鲜杰

    2000-01-01

    Language is first and foremost oral,spoken language,speaking skill is the most important one of the four skills(L,S,R,W)and also it is the most difficult one of the four skills. To have an all-round command of a language one must be able to speak and to understand the spoken language, it is not enough for a language learner only to have a good reading and writing skills. As Englisn language teachers, we need to focus on improving learners' English speaking skill to meet the need of our society and our country and provide learner some useful techniques to achieving their English spoken fluency. This paper focuses on the spoken how to improving learners speaking skill.

  10. Review of Developments in Research into English as a Lingua Franca

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Jennifer; Cogo, Alessia; Dewey, Martin

    2011-01-01

    We begin by considering how the recent phenomenon of English as a Lingua Franca (henceforth ELF) fits in with the older notion of lingua francas in general as well as with older versions of ELF. We then explore the beginnings of ELF in its modern manifestation, including the earliest ELF research, and tackle the thorny issue of defining ELF. After…

  11. Implementing an English-Medium Course on Japanese Language and Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Schnickel, Jacob; Yamauchi, Hiroyuki; Fukushima, Takenobu

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of a semester-long English-medium course on Japanese language and culture offered to exchange students studying at a women’s university in Tokyo, Japan. The paper describes participating students’ backgrounds, course content, methods of evaluation, and learner outcomes. In addition, feedback from students is included, as are instructors’ ideas for future versions of the course.

  12. Deciding the Future: A Forecast of Responsibilities of Secondary Teachers of English, 1970-2000 AD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Edmund J.

    This document is a slightly revised version of author's Ph.D. Dissertation, "A Forecast of Responsibilities of Secondary Teachers of English 1970-2000 A.D., with Implications for Teacher Education" (ED 049 253). A study in two parts, Part I presents the need for future planning in education; discusses briefly methodologies for forecasting the…

  13. Arabic and English during Study Abroad in Cairo, Egypt: Issues of Access and Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trentman, Emma

    2013-01-01

    This article provides a snapshot of the experiences of 18 students studying abroad in Cairo, Egypt. Using a modified version of the language contact profile (Freed, Segalowitz, & Dewey, 2004), I investigate their language use and find that students use English more than they use Arabic and that there is considerable individual variation in…

  14. Measuring Attitudes toward Stuttering: English-to-French Translations in Canada and Cameroon

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. Louis, Kenneth O.; Roberts, Patricia M.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: A field test of a survey instrument under development, the "Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes, Experimental Edition" ("POSHA-E"), designed to investigate language-, culture-, and nation-specific public opinions about stuttering is reported. This investigation compared English and French versions of the "POSHA-E" in widely…

  15. The Contrast of Chinese and English in the Translation of Chinese Poetry

    OpenAIRE

    Ning Li

    2009-01-01

    Chinese poetry is the soul of Chinese literature and Chinese culture. A good translation of a Chinese verse can promote the prevalence of Chinese culture. In the translation of Chinese poetry, translators should not only keep the characteristics of Chinese poems, but also embody the English characteristics. This article analyzed some versions of translation and proposed factors affecting the translation of Chinese poetry.

  16. Recap in English Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓毅

    2013-01-01

    This research is concerned with the different ways and techniques used by English teachers to recap the shared learning experience in the classroom. The purpose is to uncover teacher practices when conducting recap activities and to develop a deep⁃er understanding of the value of recaps within the context of foreign language learning and teaching. Three different ways of re⁃capping are revealed and studied in this action research, namely, recapping in interaction, recapping in activities and recapping in homework.

  17. Teaching History through English

    OpenAIRE

    Lasnik, Andreja

    2014-01-01

    This diploma thesis discusses Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) as a new and innovative educational approach in different countries with the emphasis on the current status of CLIL in Slovenia. However, the main focus of the diploma thesis is to discuss the extent of using English in History lessons and out-of-school activities related to history topics among Year 8 and Year 9 primary school learners. Although CLIL has been part of the national curricula in several countries in E...

  18. English-Macedonian

    OpenAIRE

    Ananiev, Jovan; Ivanovska, Hristina; Sokolova, Snezana; Shumkovski, Aleksandar; Shishkovska-Nikolovska, Nevenka

    2004-01-01

    The English-Macedonian dictionary on Refugee and Asylum Law presents a supplementary edition of the Pocket Dictionary on Refugee and Asylum. The dictionary is prepared by the Center for Refugees and Forced Migration Studies learn at the Institute for Sociological, Political and Juridical Research. We would like to extend warm thanks for the preparation of the dictionary. to Mr:Tihomir Nikolovski, Protection Assistant of the UNHCR branch office, who is the consulting editor and to Mr.Z...

  19. TEACHING ENGLISH THROUGH SONGS

    OpenAIRE

    Drmota, Eda

    2013-01-01

    The diploma thesis addresses the use of music in teaching English and discusses many aspects of music and language learning. The theoretical part introduces music as an important factor in people's lives and presents reasons for its decisive role in acquiring a foreign language. It also provides a comparison between language and music and their effect on human brains. The attention is paid to songs which are presented as an effective pedagogical tool indispensible especially in young learners...

  20. My English Teacher

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万芊; 程中一

    2005-01-01

    My English teacher is about fifty years old. His name is Lin Jingtao.We all call him Mr Lin. Mr Lin is not very tall and he is very thin. Mr Lin likes wearing a blue shirt. He has sharp ears. If there are some students talking or even whispering in class, he can hear clearly. But he has poor eyesight, so he always wears his little glasses.

  1. Learn to Learn English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙畅

    2012-01-01

    For many years,the reforms of college curricula have always been among the priorities of our work.English major is of no exception.However,when we approach this problem,we are stumbled as the courses have comprehensively covered the four basic abilities of language learning.Despite of great ambition of reform,we are distressed for having nothing to start with.

  2. Language Training - English Training

    CERN Document Server

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place: from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Nathalie Dumeaux, tel. 78144. Oral Expression The next session will take place from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to enhance their speaking skills. There will be on average of 8 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 30 hours Price: 660 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). This course is designed for people w...

  3. Language Training: English Courses

    CERN Document Server

    Françoise Benz

    2005-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 28 February to 24 June 2005 (2/3 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow: tel. 72957. Oral Expression The next session will take place from March to June 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Timetable will be fixed after discussion with the students. Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from March to June 2005. T...

  4. Language Training: English

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2004-01-01

    Oral Expression The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Timetable: Tuesday 11.30 to 13.30 Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is designed for people with a good level of spoken English. Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) Timetable will be fixed after discussion with the students. For registration and further information on these courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mrs. Benz: Tel. 73127. FORMATION EN LANGUES LANGUAGE TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 langua...

  5. Language Training: English

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2005-01-01

    Oral Expression The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Timetable: Tuesday 11.30 to 13.30 Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from January to March 2005. This course is designed for people with a good level of spoken English. Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for 8 students) Timetable will be fixed after discussion with the students. For registration and further information on these courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mrs. Benz: Tel. 73127. FORMATION EN LANGUES LANGUAGE TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 langu...

  6. Language Training: English Courses

    CERN Multimedia

    Françoise Benz

    2005-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place from 28 February to 24 June 2005 (2/3 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Mr. Liptow: tel. 72957. Oral Expression The next session will take place from March to June 2005. This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to practise and maintain their speaking skills while extending their vocabulary. There will be a maximum of 10 participants in a class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays etc. depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 20 hours Price: 440 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Timetable will be fixed after discussion with the students. Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from March to June 2005. Th...

  7. Language Training - English Training

    CERN Document Server

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    General and Professional English Courses The next session will take place: from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). These courses are open to all persons working on the CERN site, and to their spouses. For registration and further information on the courses, please consult our Web pages: http://cern.ch/Training or contact Nathalie Dumeaux, tel. 78144. Oral Expression The next session will take place from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). This course is intended for people with a good knowledge of English who want to enhance their speaking skills. There will be an average of 8 participants per class. Speaking activities will include discussions, meeting simulations, role-plays, etc., depending on the needs of the students. Duration: 30 hours Price: 660 CHF (for a minimum of 8 students) Writing Professional Documents in English The next session will take place from 2nd March to end of June 2009 (1/2 weeks break at Easter). This course is designed for people ...

  8. GENII Version 2 Users’ Guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Napier, Bruce A.

    2004-03-08

    The GENII Version 2 computer code was developed for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to incorporate the internal dosimetry models recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and the radiological risk estimating procedures of Federal Guidance Report 13 into updated versions of existing environmental pathway analysis models. The resulting environmental dosimetry computer codes are compiled in the GENII Environmental Dosimetry System. The GENII system was developed to provide a state-of-the-art, technically peer-reviewed, documented set of programs for calculating radiation dose and risk from radionuclides released to the environment. The codes were designed with the flexibility to accommodate input parameters for a wide variety of generic sites. Operation of a new version of the codes, GENII Version 2, is described in this report. Two versions of the GENII Version 2 code system are available, a full-featured version and a version specifically designed for demonstrating compliance with the dose limits specified in 40 CFR 61.93(a), the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPS) for radionuclides. The only differences lie in the limitation of the capabilities of the user to change specific parameters in the NESHAPS version. This report describes the data entry, accomplished via interactive, menu-driven user interfaces. Default exposure and consumption parameters are provided for both the average (population) and maximum individual; however, these may be modified by the user. Source term information may be entered as radionuclide release quantities for transport scenarios, or as basic radionuclide concentrations in environmental media (air, water, soil). For input of basic or derived concentrations, decay of parent radionuclides and ingrowth of radioactive decay products prior to the start of the exposure scenario may be considered. A single code run can

  9. [Creation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Ukrainian versions of SKINDEX-29, SKINDEX-16 questionnaires, Psoriasis Disability Index and further validation of the Ukrainian version of the Dermatology Life Quality Index].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chernyshov, P V

    2009-01-01

    Original versions of SKINDEX-29, SKINDEX-16 and Psoriasis Disability Index questionnaires were translated into Ukrainian by two independent forward translators and then back-translated into English by two other independent translators. The probe technique for pre-testing was used. Retest of reliability, discriminant validity, over time sensitivity and sensitivity to successful therapeutic intervention were checked. PMID:19953996

  10. Study of English Speaking Anxiety in English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳梅

    2014-01-01

    Anxiety has an important influence on two language learning as one of the affective factors in language learning. Peo-ple usually think that excessive anxiety can interfere with the learning of English, especially the spoken English. This paper mainly studies the reasons of causing anxiety, strategies of solving speaking anxiety and help students overcome affective barriers, enhanc-ing the level of spoken english.

  11. The unfortunate divorce of English grammar from English literature

    OpenAIRE

    Pullum, Geoffrey

    2015-01-01

    The disciplines of literature and linguistics have separated: it is possible for a student to earn a degree in English literature without having any linguistic expertise, and more specifically without knowing anything significant about the grammar of the English language. In part this is because of the increasing professionalization and scientific orientation of linguistics. But here I focus on a different issue: that even highly educated scholars of English typically hold mostly mistaken bel...

  12. Whole Person Education of English Majors through English Public Speaking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉明; 王晨; 吴闻博; 陈文娟; 何倩倩

    2015-01-01

    English public speaking proves to play a significant role in the speaker’s whole person education, which has been gain⁃ing increasing attention among scholars at home and abroad. The paper analyzes possible relations between them and argues that great importance and awareness are supposed to be attached to the development and promotion of English public speaking espe⁃cially among English majors for them to be more versatile and more competitive both in job markets and in work places.

  13. The Portuguese version of the RhinoQOL Questionnaire: validation and clinical application,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Cerejeira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Rhinosinusitis constitutes an important health problem, with significant interference in personal, professional, and social functioning. This study presents the validation process of the Portuguese version of the RhinoQOL, to be used as a routine procedure in the assessment of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that the Portuguese version of the RhinoQOL is as valid as the English version to measure symptoms and health-related quality of life in chronic rhinosinusitis. METHODS: The Portuguese version of the RhinoQOL was administered consecutively to 58 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with and without nasal polyps, assessed for endoscopic sinus surgery. A follow-up survey was completed three months after surgery. Statistical analysis was performed to determine its psychometric properties. RESULTS: Face and content validity were confirmed by similar internal consistency as the original questionnaire for each sub-scale, and strong correlation between individual items and total score. The questionnaire was easy and quick to administer (5.5 min. At three months, there was a significant decrease from baseline for all sub-scale scores, indicating clinical improvement, with an effect size considered as large. CONCLUSION: This study provides a questionnaire that is equivalent to the original English version, with good responsiveness to change, which can be especially valuable to measure the outcome of surgery.

  14. Validation of the Official Slovak Version of the Unified Dyskinesia Rating Scale (UDysRS)

    OpenAIRE

    Matej Skorvanek; Michal Minar; Milan Grofik; Katarina Kracunova; Vladimir Han; Frantisek Cibulcik; Jan Necpal; Ladislav Gurcik; Peter Valkovic

    2015-01-01

    After successful clinimetric testing of the Unified Dyskinesia Rating Scale (UDysRS), a program for translation and validation of non-English versions of the UDysRS was initiated. The aim of this study was to validate and confirm the factor structure of the Slovak translation of the UDysRS. We examined 251 patients with Parkinson’s disease and dyskinesia using the Slovak version of the UDysRS. The average age of our sample was 65.2 ± 9.2 years and average disease duration was 10.9 ± 5.0 years...

  15. A Brief Talk of Functional Equivalence Used in Chinese Translation of English Lyrics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晨

    2015-01-01

    With the development of cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries,a great number of English songs,serving as one important part of cultural exchanges,have been an important part of Chinese people’s daily life. However,barriers always could be encountered in translating those lyrics into Chinese. Thus,how to realize functional equivalence between Chinese translation version and English song lyrics has been a tough target which could not be neglected. By looking at Chinese translation of English song lyrics,a study of functional equivalence used on it will be made to solve such problems,it includes the principles for producing functional equivalence and adjustment. The key to realize functional equivalence in Chinese translation of English song lyrics is,namely,to balance rhythm and tones with the style of English songs,to minimize the loss of meaning in Chinese translation version,so that Chinese music lovers would understand the meaning of English song lyrics.

  16. ELIPGRID-PC: Upgraded version

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Evaluating the need for and the effectiveness of remedial cleanup at waste sites often includes finding average contaminant concentrations and identifying pockets of contamination called hot spots. The standard tool for calculating the probability of detecting pockets of contamination called hot spots has been the ELIPGRID code of singer and Wickman. The ELIPGRID-PC program has recently made this algorithm available for an IBM reg-sign personal computer (PC) or compatible. A new version of ELIPGRID-PC, incorporating Monte Carlo test results and simple graphics, is herein described. Various examples of how to use the program for both single and multiple hot spot cases are given. The code for an American National Standards Institute C version of the ELIPGRID algorithm is provided, and limitations and further work are noted. This version of ELIPGRID-PC reliably meets the goal of moving Singer's ELIPGRID algorithm to the PC

  17. Teaching English in Early Childhood

    OpenAIRE

    SIĞIRTMAÇ, Ayperi; ÖZBEK, Serap

    2009-01-01

    Teaching English to young children at preschool which is the first grade of the systematic education is quite important in terms of developing some positive attitudes toward English It is intended in this study to investigate the attitudes and interests of young children for English lessons For this purpose first they were observed using an observation form Study was conducted at a nursery school in Bor which serves thirty five children thirteen of whom aged 4 eleven aged 5 and elev...

  18. Global English: gift or curse?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ross Smith

    2005-01-01

    @@ The status of the English language as the lingua franca of the global information society is beyond dispute, but what is not so clear is whether it is capable of fulfilling that role efficiently.In the following article Ross Smith responds to the supporters of Global English by examining the qualities that an ideal international auxiliary language would possess and then discussing the extent to which those qualities are to be found in modern English.

  19. BUSINESS DISCOURSE AND TEACHING ENGLISH

    OpenAIRE

    SIMION MINODORAOTILIA

    2014-01-01

    The importance of teaching and learning English for Specific Purposes has become undeniable and the advances in business and communication technology in recent years have revolutionized it. Business English is a variety of ESP(English for Specific Purposes) and functions in accordance with the business discourse implying an interaction between business and language. These are the reasons why nowadays there is constant preoccupation for this field and a tremendous need of an ap...

  20. English Colour Terms in Context

    OpenAIRE

    Steinvall, Anders

    2002-01-01

    This thesis examines usage of English colour terms in context, based on an extensive computerised text corpus, the Bank of English. It describes the ways in which English colour terms may be used to refer to nuances outside their normal area of designation and to attributes outside the colour domain. Usage patterns are analysed on three different levels: with regard to the overall frequency of occurrences, nominal domains and individual tokens, respectively. Cognitive linguistics supplies the...

  1. COMMUNICATIVE ENGLISH IN ENGINEERING COLLEGES

    OpenAIRE

    B. Thenmalar Bharathi; B. Jeyanthi

    2014-01-01

    The advent of IT Revolution in its present day universality, develops an increasing need for learning English chiefly for its winning merit of possessing communicative content. The modern option is to learn English more for its communicative functionality than for its literary charm. This choice is made imperatively in the context of using English for purposes of interactive communication in the wider sectors of professional activities. This paper throws light on the criti...

  2. PUMA: version 4 for Windows

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Up to now, the three dimensional diffusion code PUMA was implemented in DOS for a Pc-386 and Pc-486. Because of the continuous progress in hardware resources, a new version for Windows was implemented. This new version takes advantage of many Windows facilities, and is provided with a special editor and that facilitates considerably the use of the program, enhancing by means of colors the significant words and title of the process control. An in line help system was also provided, which can be used by means of 'hot words' for access to each help Window. (author)

  3. SPARK Version One: reference manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    SPARK is a library of FORTRAN computer codes which is used to analyze electrical eddy-current distributions. Version One of SPARK is designed to calculate eddy currents flowing on conducting surfaces where current flow is assumed zero in the direction normal to the surface. Surfaces may vary in resistivity and/or thickness and may include holes. Version One can find a transient solution series in time, a purely resistive solution, or a purely inductive solution. A principal feature of SPARK is the calculation of forces, which result from the interaction of the eddy currents with the primary magnetic field, in a form which is compatible with existing structural analysis codes

  4. Development of environmental dose assessment system (EDAS) code of PC version

    CERN Document Server

    Taki, M; Kobayashi, H; Yamaguchi, T

    2003-01-01

    A computer code (EDAS) was developed to assess the public dose for the safety assessment to get the license of nuclear reactor operation. This code system is used for the safety analysis of public around the nuclear reactor in normal operation and severe accident. This code was revised and composed for personal computer user according to the Nuclear Safety Guidelines reflected the ICRP1990 recommendation. These guidelines are revised by Nuclear Safety Commission on March, 2001, which are 'Weather analysis guideline for the safety assessment of nuclear power reactor', 'Public dose around the facility assessment guideline corresponding to the objective value for nuclear power light water reactor' and 'Public dose assessment guideline for safety review of nuclear power light water reactor'. This code has been already opened for public user by JAERI, and English version code and user manual are also prepared. This English version code is helpful for international cooperation concerning the nuclear safety assessme...

  5. 7 CFR 247.13 - Provisions for non-English or limited-English speakers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Provisions for non-English or limited-English speakers... § 247.13 Provisions for non-English or limited-English speakers. (a) What must State and local agencies do to ensure that non-English or limited-English speaking persons are aware of their rights...

  6. 模糊理论与翻译的模糊对等--以王维《鸟鸣涧》三个译本为例%Fuzzy Theory and Fuzzy Equivalence of Translation---Taking the Three English Versions of Wang Wei ’ s Bird Call Valley for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦小红

    2014-01-01

    Fuzziness is a basic quality of natural language .The fuzzy attribute of language produces many difficulties to translation .With the development of studies on fuzzy language , researchers on translation study are becoming more and more interested in fuzziness of language and how to deal with the fuzzy lan -guage in literary works .Many of their research achievements have shown that fuzzy theory is of practical direction to the study of translation theory , actual transferring process and evaluation of translated works . This paper based on fuzzy theory , probes into fuzziness of translation .Furthermore , the three translated versions of Wang Wei ’ s Bird Call Valley are taken as examples to elaborate that it is impossible for trans-lators to achieve total equivalence to the original text .It is fuzzy equivalence that is always realized in translation and the different versions of the same text can be regarded as fuzzy equivalences of the original text to varying degrees .%模糊是自然语言的基本属性。语言的模糊性给翻译带来了诸多困难。随着模糊语言研究的发展,翻译研究者对语言的模糊性以及如何处理文学作品中的模糊语言产生了浓厚的兴趣。许多研究成果已证明模糊理论对于翻译理论研究、实践操作以及译文质量评价都具有现实指导意义。本文从模糊理论入手,探讨了翻译的模糊性,并以王维《鸟鸣涧》三个译本为例,论述了译文与原文之间不可能达到完全的对等,只能实现模糊对等,不同译本都是对原作的不同程度的接近。

  7. Coarticulation Resistance in English /l/

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bladon, R. A. W.; Al-Bamerni, Ameen

    1976-01-01

    Allophonic variations in the quality and voicelessness of British English Received Pronunciation /1/ were investigated, largely through their acoustic correlates as revealed by spectrography. (Author/RM)

  8. A communicative grammar of English

    CERN Document Server

    Leech, Geoffrey

    2013-01-01

    A Communicative Grammar of English has long been established as a grammar innovative in approach, reliable in coverage, and clear in its explanations. This fully revised and redesigned third edition provides up-to-date and accessible help to teachers, advanced learners and undergraduate students of English. Part One looks at the way English grammar varies in different types of English, such as 'formal' and 'informal', 'spoken' and 'written'; Part Two focuses on the uses of grammar rather than on grammatical structure and Part Three provides a handy alphabetically arranged guide to

  9. A glossary of English grammar

    CERN Document Server

    Leech, Geoffrey

    2006-01-01

    A Glossary of English Grammar presents a wide range of terms used to describe the way the English language is structured. Grammatical terms can be a problem for students, especially when there are alternative names for the same thing (for example, 'past tense' and 'preterite'). This book therefore provides a basic and accessible guide, focusing on the English language. Definitions of grammatical terms are given in simple language, with clear examples, many from authentic texts and spoken sources, showing how they are used. The terms used in the Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language are

  10. Linguistic Features of English Advertisements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于永丽; 朱丽萍

    2008-01-01

    Ad, being a manifestation of language in action, is a widely used medium of communication in modem society. After China's entry into WTO, a lot of English ads come into the domestic market, and at the same time, we should create a lot of English ads for our products marching towards the world market. With some ads appearing in English magazines as examples, this paper aims to discuss the lexical features, and the figures of speech used in advertisement. It aims at providing information on creating and appreciating English ads.

  11. Linguistic Features of English Advertisement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯志荣

    2008-01-01

    Along with the rapid development of global economy,numerous colorful and fantastic English advertisements appear in Current markets.Through careful analysis we can find that English advertisements have formed their own linguistic features.The designers usually employ the special lexis,syntax and rhetorical devices to make their advertisement a concise,lively and appealing one.This paper analyzes the linguistic features of English advertisement.from which it gets some inspirations for C-E advertisement translation(translation of Chinese advertisement into English).

  12. ABCs in College English Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李利文

    2011-01-01

    As is known to us all, human beings are always brought under control by such many things as the hormone in our body, the mood produced in our brain and the external world, which leads us to a topic of how to create an atmosphere for the undergraduates to fit well in with the college English education. In our teaching management, the ABCs about college English education works as an assistant. Here, ABCs about college English education refer to some fundamental skills with regard to the undergraduates English education. The ABCs, which always encourage students' involvement, would work effectively if teachers understand them well.

  13. English as she is spoke

    CERN Document Server

    de Fonseca, Jose

    2012-01-01

    In 1855, when Jose da Fonseca and Pedro Carolino wrote an English phrasebook for Portuguese students, they faced just one problem: they didn't know any English. Even worse, they didn't own an English-to-Portuguese dictionary. What they did have, though, was a Portuguese-to-French dictionary, and a French-to-English dictionary. The linguistic train wreck that ensued is a classic of unintentional humor, now revived in the first newly selected edition in a century. Armed with Fonseca and Carolino's guide, a Portuguese traveler can insult a barber (""What news tell me? All hairs dresser are newsmo

  14. Meaning and the English verb

    CERN Document Server

    Leech, Geoffrey

    2014-01-01

    Every language has its peculiar problems of meaning for the foreign learner. In the English language, some of the biggest yet most fascinating problems are concentrated in the area of the finite verb phrase: in particular, tense, aspect, mood and modality. Meaning and the English Verb describes these fields in detail for teachers and advanced students of English as a foreign or second language. This new third edition uses up-to-date examples to show differences and similarities between American and British english, reflecting a great deal of recent research in this area. It also takes account

  15. Institutional Repository Bibliography, Version 1

    OpenAIRE

    Bailey, Jr., Charles W.

    2009-01-01

    The Institutional Repository Bibliography (IRB) presents selected English-language articles, books, and other scholarly textual sources that are useful in understanding institutional repositories. Although institutional repositories intersect with a number of open access and scholarly communication topics, this bibliography only includes works that are primarily about institutional repositories. For example, an article dealing with the NIH open access policy would not be included, but one dea...

  16. Revised Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET - Brazilian version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Breno Sanvicente-Vieira

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To translate and adapt to Brazilian Portuguese the Revised Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET, in both paper-and-pencil and computerized versions. The RMET is a well-accepted instrument for assessment of Theory of Mind (ToM, an important component of social cognition. Methods: Following a guideline for translation of material for clinical populations, this study had three main phases: 1 formal translation and semantic adaptation to Brazilian Portuguese; 2 an acceptability trial with health professionals as judges evaluating picture-word matching; and 3 a trial using the paper-and-pencil and computerized versions (experiments built in E-Prime 2.0.10 software with healthy participants to test whether the instrument has similar outputs to those expected in versions in other languages. Results: RMET was adequately adapted to Brazilian Portuguese. This version showed acceptability and outputs similar to versions of the instrument in other languages, including the original one. We kept the same number of images as the original English version. Conclusions: Considering the scarcity of cognitive assessment instruments adequately adapted to Portuguese and the importance of social cognition in many psychiatric disorders, this work adds an important resource to Brazilian research and is administrable in both paper-and-pencil and computerized versions.

  17. Representation of the Original Style When Translating Legal English Texts---A Comparative Study on the Two Chinese Versions of UCP 600%法律英语汉译中原文风格的再现--UCP600两个汉译本的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小丽

    2015-01-01

    法律语言具有特殊的风格特征。一个高质量的法律文本译文要在完整传递原义的基础上准确再现原文风格,同时实现语义和风格上的对等。 UCP600的两个汉译本在风格再现上各有特点,不过同时也存在一些翻译的不妥之处。%Legal language has its unique stylistic feature .A high-qualified translation of a legal text requires representation of the original style on the basis of completely conveying the original meaning , achieving simultaneously the equivalence of semantic meaning and style as well .The two Chinese versions of UCP 600 have their own methods and characteristics of representing the o-riginal style, and there exist some defects in terms of style representation .

  18. The Chinese version of the Myocardial Infarction Dimensional Assessment Scale (MIDAS): Mokken scaling

    OpenAIRE

    Watson Roger; Wang Wenru; Ski Chantal F; Thompson David R

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Hierarchical scales are very useful in clinical practice due to their ability to discriminate precisely between individuals, and the original English version of the Myocardial Infarction Dimensional Assessment Scale has been shown to contain a hierarchy of items. The purpose of this study was to analyse a Mandarin Chinese translation of the Myocardial Infarction Dimensional Assessment Scale for a hierarchy of items according to the criteria of Mokken scaling. Data from 180...

  19. The Great Gatsby: A Contrastive Study of Its Two Chinese Versions

    OpenAIRE

    Jinxing Ma; Ning Wei

    2009-01-01

    This paper, based on theories of Contrastive Linguistics deals with the contrastive study concerning two Chinese versions of the Great Gatsby rendered respectively by Wu Ran, and Wu Ningkun et al from the following two perspectives: differences on lexicon and syntax. Through a systematic comparison and contrast, the writer suggests that we should apply contrastive studies of English and Chinese in our TEFL practice to enhance teaching efficiency.

  20. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS): translation and validation study of the Iranian version

    OpenAIRE

    Torkan Behnaz; Montazeri Ali; Omidvari Sepideh

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is a widely used instrument to measure postnatal depression. This study aimed to translate and to test the reliability and validity of the EPDS in Iran. Methods The English language version of the EPDS was translated into Persian (Iranian language) and was used in this study. The questionnaire was administered to a consecutive sample of 100 women with normal (n = 50) and caesarean section (n = 50) deliveries at two points in ...

  1. The reliability, validity and responsiveness of the Dutch version of the Oxford elbow score

    OpenAIRE

    Patka Peter; Tuinebreijer Wim E; Schep Niels WL; Goei Harold; de Haan Jeroen; den Hartog Dennis

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background The Oxford elbow score (OES) is an English questionnaire that measures the patients' subjective experience of elbow surgery. The OES comprises three domains: elbow function, pain, and social-psychological effects. This questionnaire can be completed by the patient and used as an outcome measure after elbow surgery. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the Dutch version of the translated OES for reliability, validity and responsiveness with respect to patients ...

  2. World Englishes, English as a Lingua Franca, and Intelligibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berns, Margie

    2008-01-01

    This paper tests claims concerning the English as Lingua Franca (ELF) movement's position within the world Englishes paradigm. To do so, it considers the writings of Jennifer Jenkins, a leader in this movement, on what she calls "phonological intelligibility", and the writings of Larry Smith, an established scholar on intelligibility in…

  3. Homework Practices of English and Non-English-Speaking Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thelamour, Barbara; Jacobs, D'Andrea L.

    2014-01-01

    This study compared the homework practices of English-speaking and non-English-speaking parents. Using a national data set of 7,992 students across ages and ethnicities, the frequency and type of homework practices were investigated. Statistical analysis revealed significant (though small) differences between the overall homework practices between…

  4. An Introduction to English Teaching, A Textbook for English Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Grace Hui Chin; Chien, Paul Shih-chieh

    2010-01-01

    Teaching English became a professional and academic field from a half century ago. Many researches for teacher education and teacher training have been conducted in order to raise the English as well as the foreign language trainers' knowledge and capabilities in carrying out effective lessons in classroom. During second millennium of speedily…

  5. Perception of English palatal codas by Korean speakers of English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeon, Sang-Hee

    2003-04-01

    This study aimed at looking at perception of English palatal codas by Korean speakers of English to determine if perception problems are the source of production problems. In particular, first, this study looked at the possible first language effect on the perception of English palatal codas. Second, a possible perceptual source of vowel epenthesis after English palatal codas was investigated. In addition, individual factors, such as length of residence, TOEFL score, gender and academic status, were compared to determine if those affected the varying degree of the perception accuracy. Eleven adult Korean speakers of English as well as three native speakers of English participated in the study. Three sets of a perception test including identification of minimally different English pseudo- or real words were carried out. The results showed that, first, the Korean speakers perceived the English codas significantly worse than the Americans. Second, the study supported the idea that Koreans perceived an extra /i/ after the final affricates due to final release. Finally, none of the individual factors explained the varying degree of the perceptional accuracy. In particular, TOEFL scores and the perception test scores did not have any statistically significant association.

  6. Suggestions for Preview in Learning English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun; Na

    2015-01-01

    Among the factors which affect the efficiency of learning English,preview stands out as an increasingly significant one in English studying.Some constructive suggestions about the preview are given to apply in the preview of English.

  7. Teaching Oral English Skills from Discourse Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙楠

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores teaching oral English skills from discourse analysis, ,mainly cooperative principle and speech act theory. Different methods of discourse analysis can help English learners gain sociolinguistic and strategic competence in learning speaking English.

  8. Evaluating Experiencing English: Listening and Speaking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小玲

    2014-01-01

    Experiencing English: Listening and Speaking is widely used by most colleges for non-English majors.The achievement in speaking and listening has a close relationship with students’ learning attitude and teachers’ guide towards English.

  9. [Translation and cultural adaptation of a french version of the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire: PIDAQ].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngom, Papa Ibrahima; Attebi, Pascaline; Diouf, Joseph Samba; Diop Ba, Khady; Badiane, Alpha; Diagne, Falou

    2013-12-01

    The Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) is a tool developed and validated to specifically assess subject's quality of life related to orthodontic anomalies. The aims of the present study were to translate and culturally adapt the PIDAQ's native English version into French, and to test the psychometric characteristics of the version thereby obtained. Toward these ends, the PIDAQ's original English version was translated into French and back-translated into English following the prescribed guidelines. Each of the versions obtained from the translation process was further subjected to a committee review. The final French version which is named QIPEO underwent an analysis of psychometric properties on a sample of 42 subjects (33 females and 9 males, aged 24.60 ± 8.66 years). Internal consistency was good with Cronbach ff coefficients ranging from 0.67 for "aesthetic concerns" to 0.87 for "social impact". The reproducibility of the responses given by 14 subjects after 15 days interval was correct with intraclass coefficients ranging from 0.72 for "social impact" to 0.90 for "aesthetic concerns". Furthermore, the different subscales of the French version of the PIDAQ showed excellent correlation with the perception of aesthetics and fairly good correlation with self-perception of orthodontic treatment need. Definite need for orthodontic treatment, as assessed normatively by the IOTN, was significantly associated with lower scores of "self-confidence" and higher scores of "social impact", "psychological impact" and "aesthetic concerns". Overall, the French version of the PIDAQ was shown to be reliable and has some validity for use in this population. Further studies including a larger sample size is recommended to reassess the validation and the responsiveness of this French version. PMID:24280547

  10. Introduzione al Convegno [Versione italiana presentata alla Conferenza internazionale] = Introductory remarks [English version presented at the International Conference

    OpenAIRE

    Guerrini, Mauro

    2001-01-01

    The interest for ERs by Italian librarians community has been increased by the growing demands of: a. integrating local digital resources into the library catalogues (i.e. locally networked CD-ROM, databases, multimedial archives), providing a direct access to the documents themselves; b. using existing metadata formats for cataloguing specific electronic materials as collections of images and sound recordings; c. setteling an open and global platform for a remote access to networked...

  11. English for common entrance

    CERN Document Server

    Kossuth, Kornel

    2013-01-01

    Succeed in the exam with this revision guide, designed specifically for the brand new Common Entrance English syllabus. It breaks down the content into manageable and straightforward chunks with easy-to-use, step-by-step instructions that should take away the fear of CE and guide you through all aspects of the exam. - Gives you step-by-step guidance on how to recognise various types of comprehension questions and answer them. - Shows you how to write creatively as well as for a purpose for the section B questions. - Reinforces and consolidates learning with tips, guidance and exercises through

  12. Effective English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Min

    2013-01-01

      Since the capability education has been implemented in China,which advanced the demand to all of the teachers. Especially, after China came into WTO,our English teachers deeply feel not only the significant responsibility to ourselves,but also the pressure from the others. On the contrary,above-mentioned can also become the power,which will encourage us to work harder than before. So in order to make an excellent lesson and let the students master the knowledge well,we must realize that the enough planning before the lesson and the explicit objective are very important and necessary.

  13. Gems of japanized English

    CERN Document Server

    Kenrick, Miranda

    2011-01-01

    If you've ever had the uneasy feeling that the Japanese do things better, this book may be the ideal antidote. Even the Japanese are quick to admit that despite their enthusiasm for learning it, they still have a certain amount of difficulty with the English language. This is no new phenomenon. Shortly after Japan opened her ports to foreign traders, one doctor advertised himself as ""a Specialist in the Decease of Children""; eggs were sold as ""extract of fowl""; and a notice advised that ""Tomorrow, from midnight to 12 noon, you will receive dirty water."" Fortunately, things are improving,

  14. A Tentative Exploration into Business English Textbooks for English Majors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Hong

    2011-01-01

    There are many universities and colleges open the Business English courses for English Majors.These courses are orientated at improving practical business skills of the students for meeting the demands of the rapid development of society.Choosing the right textbooks for these courses plays a vital role in cultivating the interdisciplinary English majors.After the empirical investigations and theoretical studies conducted for this paper,it is suggested the proportion and difficulty level of business knowledge and English language should be adjusted according to the real situation of universities as well as the needs of English major students.Moreover,the use of authentic material from the professional portfolio and task-based activities are also highly recommended to be included in the textbooks.

  15. Emotional Factors Influencing Students’ English Writing Competence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂勇伟

    2015-01-01

    As an international common language,English becomes more and more important.Students try their best to improve their English writing competence,especially as the social’s requirements for their English writing become higher and higher.However,students’English writing is very poor,fewer and fewer of them can write fluent English.Through the study of this topic,the author hopes it can remove students’emotional obstacles of English writing learning,master the direction of emotional factor,arouse students’interesting in learning oral English,make them practice English writing positively and obtain a better teaching effect

  16. English in Vietnam and Its Features

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琼璐; 张婷

    2014-01-01

    English spoken by people from different countries takes on different characteristics. Many linguists conducted researches on World Englishes. Focusing on the pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and literature achievement, these studies present the target English's environment and features. However, there is rare achievement of study.in English in Vietnam. Under the economy boom, Vietnamese government attached importance to the English education, which led to the wide utilization of English. This article analyzes English in Vietnam and its features , including pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary, in the hope of making complements to world Englishes.

  17. Viewshed analysis based Intercultural Business English Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YueHong

    2016-01-01

    Business English has a strong practical, professional, which can promote business cooperation between the two sides, exchange, has an important significance in the business trade,and because business English, compared with ordinary English, more professional, for business communication, often have their own characteristics, which in ordinary English, are difficult to embody. This has led to progress in Business English Translation prone to errors. Therefore, in business English translation in business English needs to understand the characteristics of translation master certain skills, so as to ensure the correctness of translation. This study of Business English translation skills Intercultural sight.

  18. Culture Influence on English Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹梦琪

    2014-01-01

    It is universally acknowledged that English has gained popularity among Chinese learners since the adoption of policy of reform and opening-up. Also, Chinese government has given English priority as it is a required subject in compulsory education. Cultural conflicts may be arisen according to discrepancies in scientific outlook, education. Thereby, this essay will attach importance to analyzing cultural differences and impacts.

  19. English: An Advantage to India?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tully, Mark

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the problems arising from the use and role of English on the Indian sub-continent. Notes the inferior position of Hindi there and argues that English's dominant role is a hangover from colonialism and a means of suppressing Indian thought and preserving an alien culture. (three references) (Author/CK)

  20. Professional Memory and English Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarpey, Paul

    2009-01-01

    This article concerns the way that research into Professional Memory (PM) in English teaching might re-connect the school subject with constituencies--the individuals, communities and social values--it once served. By PM I mean the collective memories of a generation of English teachers which, when brought into conjunction with existing histories,…