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Sample records for brilliant sm eu

  1. Brilliant Sm, Eu, Tb and Dy chiral lanthanide complexes withstrong circularly polarized luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petoud, Stephane; Muller, Gilles; Moore, Evan G.; Xu, Jide; Sokolnicki, Jurek; Riehl, James P.; Le, Uyen; Cohen, Seth M.; Raymond,Kenneth N.

    2006-07-10

    The synthesis, characterization and luminescent behavior of trivalent Sm, Eu, Dy and Tb complexes of two enantiomeric, octadentate, chiral, 2-hydroxyisophthalamide ligands are reported. These complexes are highly luminescent in solution. Functionalization of the achiral parent ligand with a chiral 1-phenylethylamine substituent on the open face of the complex in close proximity to the metal center yields complexes with strong circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) activity. This appears to be the first example of a system utilizing the same ligand architecture to sensitize four different lanthanide cations and display CPL activity. The luminescence dissymmetry factor, g{sub lum}, recorded for the Eu(III) complex is one of the highest values reported, and this is the first time the CPL effect has been demonstrated for a Sm(III) complex with a chiral ligand. The combination of high luminescence intensity with CPL activity should enable new bioanalytical applications of macromolecules in chiral environments.

  2. Effects of Eu and Sm on Methylobacterium sp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hibi, Yoshihisa; Okuda, Masayo; Sakuma, Ryusuke; Iwama, Tomonori; Kawai, Keiichi

    Eu and Sm have been widely used in high technology products. In this study the authors isolated a soil bacterium, identified as Methylobacterium sp. MAFF211642, which exhibited colonies on 1/100 nutrient agar, supplemented by 30µM Eu and Sm; the soil bacterium was found to exhibit larger colonies than those in the absence of these elements. However, when 0.5% methanol was added to the nutrient agar, only Sm was found to stimulate the growth. Other rare earth and metal elements did not affect or inhibit, regardless of the presence of methanol. Addition of both Sm and methanol to the nutrient broth increased the growth of this strain 10-fold in colony forming unit larger than when both were absent. When both methanol and Sm were added to the nutrient broth, specific activity of methanol dehydrogenase in a crude extract of the bacterium increased approximately 5.4-fold.

  3. Shape tunable synthesis of Eu-and Sm-doped ZnO microstructures ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Facile and low-cost aqueous chemical bath deposition route has been demonstrated to fabricate Eu- and Sm-doped ZnO microstructures. The effect of Eu and Sm ions on the morphology of the ZnO was investigated. The synthesized doped ZnO microstructures were systematically characterized by field-emission scanning ...

  4. Orange and reddish-orange light emitting phosphors: Sm{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 3+} doped zinc phosphate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meza-Rocha, A.N., E-mail: ameza@fis.cinvestav.mx [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, P.O. Box 55-534, 09340 México D.F., México (Mexico); Speghini, A. [Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Universita di Verona and INSTM, UdR Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, I-37314 Verona (Italy); IFAC CNR, Nello Carrara Institute of Applied Physics, MDF Lab, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI (Italy); Bettinelli, M. [Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Universita di Verona and INSTM, UdR Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, I-37314 Verona (Italy); Caldiño, U. [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, P.O. Box 55-534, 09340 México D.F., México (Mexico)

    2015-11-15

    A spectroscopy study of Sm{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 3+} doped zinc phosphate glasses is performed through photoluminescence spectra and decay time profile measurements. Under Sm{sup 3+} excitation at 344 nm, the Sm{sup 3+} singly doped glass shows an orange global emission with x=0.579 and y=0.414 CIE1931 chromaticity coordinates, whereas the Sm{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 3+} co-doped sample exhibits orange overall emissions (x=0.581 and y=0.398, and x=0.595 and y=0.387) and reddish-orange overall emission (x=0.634 and y=0.355) upon excitations at 344, 360 and 393 nm, respectively. Such luminescence from the co-doped sample is originated by the simultaneous emission of Sm{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+}. Under Sm{sup 3+} excitation at 344 and 360 nm, the Eu{sup 3+} emission is sensitized and enhanced by Sm{sup 3+} through a non-radiative energy transfer process. The non-radiative nature was inferred from the shortening of the Sm{sup 3+} lifetime observed in the Sm{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 3+} co-doped sample. An analysis of the Sm{sup 3+} emission decay time profiles using the Inokuti–Hirayama model suggests that an electric quadrupole–quadrupole interaction into Sm–Eu clusters might dominate the energy transfer process, with an efficiency of 0.17. - Highlights: • Zinc phosphate glasses are optically activated with Sm{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 3+} (ZPOSmEu). • Non-radiative energy transfer Sm{sup 3+}→Eu{sup 3+} takes place in ZPOSmEu. • ZPOSmEu overall emission can be modulated with the excitation wavelength. • ZPOSmEu might be useful as orange/reddish-orange phosphor for UV-white LEDs.

  5. Enhanced red luminescence in Gd2O3:Eu3+,Sm3+ and its dependence on temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xiaofeng; Hu, Shigang; Tan, Congbing; Liu, Yunxin

    2014-10-01

    Here, we show that co-activation in the Gd3+-Eu3+-Sm3+ system can generate the intense red emission from Eu3+ ion. Gd2O3:Sm3+,Eu3+ colloidal spheres were synthesized by combining a low temperature hydrothermal process and a higher temperature of pyrolysis. Under the excitation of 380 nm near UV light, Gd2O3:Sm3+,Eu3+ emits intense red light while the reference Gd2O3:Eu3+ emits very weak one. The calculated polarizability αbμ based on the shift (16 nm) of Eu3+-O2- charge transfer band and the crystallography analysis revealed that Sm3+ ions codoping in Gd2O3:Eu3+ has generated a coordinating environment of Eu3+ ions with high polarizability and low symmetry which leads to high energy transfer rate not only between Sm3+ and Eu3+ pairs, but also between Eu3+(S6) and Eu3+(C2) pairs, ensuring the efficient excitation of Gd2O3:Eu3+,Sm3+. The energy migration from Sm3+ to Eu3+ and a corresponding feedback were also experimentally evidenced by the fluorescent decay, which is in well agreement with the theoretical calculation. In addition, the thermal stability of the photoluminescence in Gd2O3:Eu3+,Sm3+ colloidal spheres was evaluated.

  6. On-line nuclear orientation of the deformed neutron-deficient Eu, Sm and Pm isotopes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singleton, B.D.D.; Walker, P.M.; Bhagwat, A. (Univ. Surrey, Guildford (United Kingdom)); Al Ghamdi, S.S.; Barham, C.G.; Grant, I.S. (Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom)); Griffiths, A.G.; Rikovska, J.; Stone, N.J. (Clarendon Lab., Oxford Univ. (United Kingdom))

    1992-11-01

    Low-temperature nuclear orientation measurements made on-line at the SERC Daresbury Laboratory on [sup 142m]Eu, [sup 141m]Sm, and [sup 141]Pm, with known magnetic dipole moments, have yielded the magnitude of the hyperfine fields of these isotopes in an iron host lattice. Thus measurements for the isotopes [sup 139,138]Eu, [sup 139m]Sm, and [sup 138]Pm yielded values for the respective magnetic moments. Limits on the thermal relaxation times of Eu and Sm isotopes in Fe were also deduced. The results for [sup 138]Eu appear to contradict the earlier [pi]h[sub 11/2]x[nu]h[sub 11/2] ground-state configuration assignment. (orig.).

  7. Enhanced solar light photodegradation of brilliant black bis-azo dye in aqueous solution by F, Sm3+ codoped TiO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukonza, Sabastian S.; Nxumalo, Edward N.; Mamba, Bhekie B.; Mishra, Ajay K.

    2017-05-01

    This research focuses on improving the photocatalytic efficiency of TiO2 during the photo-mineralisation of brilliant black (BN) bis-azo dye pollutant in aqueous solution. This was achieved by improving the visible light activity of TiO2 photocatalyst semiconductor through co-doping of fluorine (F) and trivalent samarium ions (Sm3+) into a TiO2 matrix using a modified sol-gel synthesis method. Structural, morphological, and textural properties were evaluated using ultra-violet /visible spectroscopy (UV-visible), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy coupled to energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX) and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD). Photocatalytic and degradation efficiencies were assessed by decolourisation of BN dye in aqueous solution. Complete degradation of BN was attained after an irradiation time of 3 h using F, Sm3+-TiO2 (0.6% Sm3+) compared to 73.4% achieved using pristine TiO2. Pseudo first order kinetics rate constants (Ka) were 2.73×10-2 and 6.6×10-3 min-1 for Sm3+-TiO2 (0.6%Sm3+) and pristine TiO2, respectively, which translates to a remarkably high enhancement factor of 4. The results obtained established that doping of TiO2 by F and Sm3+ enhances the photocatalytic performance of TiO2 during solar light radiation which enables the utilisation of freely available and clean solar energy.

  8. Shape tunable synthesis of Eu- and Sm-doped ZnO microstructures ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    microstructures and vibration properties of ZnO. 3. Results and discussion. Three typical samples and related morphological, structural, compositional and vibrational properties have been inves- tigated in this work: namely ZO (ZnO microdisks), EZO. (Eu-doped ZnO microspheres) and SZO (Sm-doped ZnO microplates).

  9. Preparation of MAl O : Eu2+, Sm3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) Phosphors by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NJD

    2007-10-15

    Oct 15, 2007 ... A series of MAl2O4: Eu2+, Sm3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) phosphors was prepared by the combustion method, and the influence of these alkaline earth metals on the structure and luminescent performances for these phosphors was investigated. A relationship was established between their composition, ...

  10. Preparation of MAl 2 O 4 : Eu 2+ , Sm 3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) Phosphors ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A series of MAl2O4: Eu2+, Sm3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) phosphors was prepared by the combustion method, and the influence of these alkaline earth metals on the structure and luminescent performances for these phosphors was investigated. A relationship was established between their composition, crystallization capacity and ...

  11. Optical spectroscopy and magnetic behaviour of Sm3+ and Eu3+ cations in Li6Eu1-xSmx(BO3)3 solid solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belhoucif, Rekia; Velázquez, Matias; Plantevin, Olivier; Aschehoug, Patrick; Goldner, Philippe; Christian, George

    2017-11-01

    A new borate solid solution series of powders, Li6Eu1-xSmx(BO3)3 (LSEBx, x = 0.35, 0.5, 0.6, 1), were synthesized by solid-state reaction, characterized and their luminescent properties were investigated. The absorption spectra indicate that absorption takes place mainly from the Sm3+6H5/2 ground state, with a strong band at 405 nm. The photoluminescence spectra reveal that the Eu3+ red emission intensity strongly depends on the Sm3+ content x. Judd-Ofelt theory was applied to experimental data for the quantitative determination of phenomenological parameters Ωi (i = 2, 4, 6) Judd Ofelt parameters, radiative transition rates and emission quantum efficiency. Owing to the energy transfer from Sm3+ to Eu3+ the intense red light detected at 613 nm at room temperature under UV or blue light excitation, was improved by ∼35% as compared with Sm3+-free samples. This energy transfer was confirmed by faster decay times of Sm3+ as energy donors. Moreover, the energy transfer between Sm3+ and Eu3+ is unidirectional and irreversible, implying that the energy transfer wastage between Sm3+ and Eu3+ is very low. Magnetic susceptibility (χ) measurements of LSEBx were carried out in the temperature range 2-320 K and are used to compare calculated and experimental energy levels.

  12. Energy transfer based photoluminescence properties of (Sm3+ + Eu3+):PEO + PVP polymer films for Red luminescent display device applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naveen Kumar, K.; Vijayalakshmi, L.; Ratnakaram, Y. C.

    2015-07-01

    Eu3+:PEO + PVP, Sm3+:PEO + PVP and co-doped Sm3+ + Eu3+:PEO + PVP polymer films have successfully been synthesized by solution casting method. For these polymer films, their XRD, FTIR and RAMAN spectral profiles were studied systematically. Both absorption and photoluminescence spectra have been assessed by evaluating their optical properties. The Sm3+:PEO + PVP and Eu3+:PEO + PVP polymer film has displayed a reddish-orange and red emissions at 596 nm and 619 nm respectively under an UV lamp. A reddish-orange emission was found for Sm3+:PEO + PVP polymer film at 596 nm (4G5/2 → 6H7/2) and its lifetime has also been evaluated suitably. Red emission at 619 nm (4G5/2 → 6H7/2) of Eu3+ has been identified for Eu3+:PEO + PVP polymer film and its lifetime are also evaluated. The photoluminescence efficiency of Eu3+ ion has been enhanced due to the addition of Sm3+ by means of an energy transfer process. The energy transfer mechanism, from Sm3+ to Eu3+ has been clearly established. At 0.1 wt% concentration of Sm3+ ions (sensitizer), the photoluminescence efficiency of the Eu3+ ion (activator) has been significantly enhanced in co-doped sample through energy transfer from Sm3+ to Eu3+ in the polymer matrix. The energy transfer process has been analyzed using lifetime decay dynamics. From the obtained results, these polymer materials could be proposed as potential Red luminescent optical materials.

  13. Orthorhombic HP-REOF (RE = Pr, Nd, Sm - Gd) - high-pressure syntheses and single-crystal structures (RE = Nd, Sm, Eu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glaetzle, Matthias; Schauperl, Michael; Liedl, Klaus R.; Huppertz, Hubert [Institut fuer Allgemeine, Anorganische und Theoretische Chemie, Fakultaet fuer Chemie und Pharmazie, Universitaet Innsbruck, Innrain 80-82, 6020, Innsbruck (Austria); Hejny, Clivia; Tribus, Martina [Institut fuer Mineralogie und Petrographie, Fakultaet fuer Geo- und Atmosphaerenwissenschaften, Universitaet Innsbruck, Innrain 52, 6020, Innsbruck (Austria)

    2016-10-15

    High-pressure modifications of the rare earth oxide fluorides REOF (RE = Pr, Nd, Sm - Gd) were successfully synthesized under conditions of 11 GPa and 1200 C applying the multianvil high-pressure/high-temperature technique. Single crystals of HP-REOF (RE = Nd, Sm, Eu) were obtained making it possible to analyze the products by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The compounds HP-REOF (RE = Nd, Sm, Eu) crystallize in the orthorhombic α-PbCl{sub 2}-type structure (space group Pnma, No. 62, Z = 4) with the parameters a = 632.45(3), b = 381.87(2), c = 699.21(3) pm, V = 0.16887(2) nm{sup 3}, R{sub 1} = 0.0156, and wR{sub 2} = 0.0382 for HP-NdOF, a = 624.38(3), b = 376.87(2), c = 689.53(4) pm, V = 0.16225(2) nm{sup 3}, R{sub 1} = 0.0141, and wR{sub 2} = 0.0323 for HP-SmOF, and a = 620.02(4), b = 374.24(3), c = 686.82(5) pm, V = 0.15937(2) nm{sup 3}, R{sub 1} = 0.0177, and wR{sub 2} = 0.0288 for HP-EuOF. Calculations of the bond valence sums clearly showed that the oxygen atoms occupy the tetrahedrally coordinated position, whereas the fluorine atoms are fivefold coordinated in form of distorted square-pyramids. The crystal structures and properties of HP-REOF (RE = Nd, Sm, Eu) are discussed and compared to the isostructural phases and the normal-pressure modifications of REOF (RE = Nd, Sm, Eu). Furthermore, results of investigations by EDX and Raman measurements including quantum mechanical calculations are presented. (copyright 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  14. Photoluminescence of nanosized GdAl3(BO3)4:Sm3+, Eu3+ phosphor under UV excitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fenghua; Wang, Yuhua; Xin, Shuangyu; Zhang, Feng; Zhang, Jia

    2014-05-01

    GdAl3(BO3)4:Eu3+, Sm3+ nanophosphors were successfully prepared by a sol-gel process. The nanoparticles have been characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques, and fluorescence measurements. The results show that the samples are composed of nanoparticles 40-60 nm in width. Under 406 nm excitation, the predominant emission peak of the GdAl3(BO3)4:Sm3+ nanoparticles is located at 599 nm, which is due to the 4G5/2-6H7/2 transition of Sm3+; Eu3+ activated GdAl3(BO3)4 shows intense red emission at 613 nm in the emission spectrum under 393 nm excitation, belonging to the 5D0-7F2 transition of Eu3+; For the Eu3+/Sm3+ co-doped sample, the most intensive emission at 613 nm under 393 nm excitation has been enhanced about 54% over that of the Eu3+ single-doped sample, due to an energy transfer from Sm3+ to Eu3+.

  15. Photostimulated luminescence in CaxSr1-xS:Eu,Sm phosphor ceramics and its application to radiation dosimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nanto, Hidehito; Komori, Hironobu; Araki, Ken; Douguchi, Yoshiteru; Kusano, Eiji; Nasu, Shouichi; Kinbara, Akira

    2001-04-01

    It is demonstrated that the commercially-available imaging plate (IP) using BaFBr:Eu photostimulable phosphor is useful as a phosphore material for 2D UV image sensor though the sensitivity of the IP for UV-ray is not so high. The new phosphore materials as alternative materials for the IP are surveyed for many possible phosphore materials and consequently we find out that the CaxSr1-xS:Eu,Sm phosphore ceramics exhibited a high photo stimulated luminescence (PSL) intensity for UV-ray irradiation. It is found that the SrS:Eu,Sm phosphore ceramics exhibits good PSL characteristics for UV-ray imaging and the PSL characteristics are depended on the content of CaS and the concentration of Eu and Sm doped.

  16. Photoluminescence Properties of SrMoO4:Eu3+, Sm3+ Nanophosphors Prepared by Sol-Gel Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xiaoli; Dong, Wenge; Ding, Jiajun; Feng, Yuanzhang; Zhang, Fang; Ma, Lingli; Peng, Zifei

    2015-07-01

    Novel red light-emitting nanophosphors of SrMoO4:Eu3+, Sm3+ were synthesized by a facile sol-gel method. Particles have sizes in the range of 50-80 nm. The structures, morphologies and optical properties of as-prepared products were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and photo luminescent (PL). The results indicate that the red emission intensity was enhanced significantly with the increase of Sm3+ doping concentrations. When the mole fraction of Sm3+ is 2%, the emission intensity of red light is the strongest. It has been found that the incorporation of R+(Li+, Na+) into SrMoO4:Eu3+, Sm3+ phosphor could lead to a remarkable increase of photoluminescence. Thus, it is considered to be efficient red-emitting phosphors.

  17. The study of structural and optical properties of (Eu, La, Sm) codoped ZnO nanoparticles via a chemical route

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lang, Jihui; Zhang, Qi; Han, Qiang; Fang, Yue; Wang, Jiaying; Li, Xiuyan; Liu, Yanqing [Key Laboratory of Functional Materials Physics and Chemistry of the Ministry of Education, Jilin Normal University, Siping, 136000 (China); Wang, Dandan [Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130033 (China); Yang, Jinghai, E-mail: jhyang1@jlnu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Functional Materials Physics and Chemistry of the Ministry of Education, Jilin Normal University, Siping, 136000 (China); Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130033 (China)

    2017-06-15

    The (Eu, La, Sm) ions were doped into ZnO nanoparticles by a chemical route, and the substitution of (Eu, La, Sm) for Zn{sup 2+} ions was proved by analytic techniques of X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman, transmission electron microscope (TEM), photoluminescence (PL) and UV–vis absorption spectroscopy. The results revealed that the codoping did not change the wurtzite structure of ZnO nanoparticles, but the diameter of the nanoparticles decreased with increasing the rare earth (RE) doping concentrations. The optical bandgaps calculated through UV–visible absorption spectroscopy were found to decrease from 3.26 to 3.14 eV with increasing the RE doping concentrations, which also proved by the slight shift of UV positions in PL spectra. The sharp red emissions located at 578.2, 590.1 and 615.7 nm were originated from the 4f-4f transitions in Eu{sup 3+} ions under excitation of 325 nm. And these red emissions of Eu{sup 3+} ions showed a strong correlation with the energy storage centers of oxygen vacancies in the samples which was introduced by the other RE ions of La{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+} codoping. - Highlights: • Doping of (Eu, La, Sm) ions into ZnO nanoparticles is realized by a chemical route. • Eu{sup 3+}-related red emissions from intra-4f follow a similar trend as broad defect emission. • Red emissions of Eu{sup 3+} enhance with RE codoping due to oxygen vacancies as energy storage centers. • The bandgap can be tuned by RE codoping, which shows a prospect for the visible utilization.

  18. Online Determination of Sm, Eu and Yb in Environmental Samples by Inductively Coupled Plasma – Optical Emission Spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Dilip Kumar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A procedure was developed for the determination of Sm, Eu and Yb in water samples by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES after preconcentration on synthesized 5-(4-pyridyl azo-8-quinolinol supported by Borassus flabellifer inflorescence (BFI. The sorbed element was subsequently eluted with 0.4 M HNO3 and the acid eluates were analyzed by ICP-OES. Under the optimal conditions, Sm, Eu and Yb in aqueous samples were concentrated 100-fold. Recoveries were obtained by the proposed method in the range of 98.6 -99.8%. This method was also applied for the analysis of spiked and natural water samples. The results provide strong evidence to support the hypothesis of an adsorption mechanism.

  19. White-emission in single-phase Ba2Gd2Si4O13:Ce3 +,Eu2 +,Sm3 + phosphor for white-LEDs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Xiumin; Zhang, Yuqian; Zhang, Jia

    2018-03-01

    To develop new white-light-emitting phosphor, a series of Ce3 +-Eu2 +-Sm3 + doped Ba2Gd2Si4O13 (BGS) phosphors were prepared by the solid-state reaction method, and their photoluminescence properties were studied. The Ce3 + and Eu2 + single-doped BGS show broad emission bands around in the region of 350-550 and 420-650 nm, respectively. By co-doping Ce3 +-Eu2 + into BGS, the energy transfer (ET) from Ce3 + to Eu2 + is inefficient, which could be due to the competitive absorption between the two activator ions. The Sm3 +-activated BGS exhibits an orangey-red emission in the region of 550-750 nm. To achieve white emission, the BGS:0.06Ce3 +,0.04Eu2 +,ySm3 + (0 ≤ y ≤ 0.18) phosphors were designed, in which the ET from Ce3 +/Eu2 + to Sm3 + was observed. The emission color can be tuned by controlling the Sm3 + concentration, and white emission was obtained in the BGS:0.06Ce3 +,0.04Eu2 +,0.06Sm3 + sample. The investigation of thermal luminescence stability for the typical BGS:0.06Ce3 +,0.04Eu2 +,0.06Sm3 + sample reveals that the emission intensities of both Eu2 + and Sm3 + demonstrate continuous decrease but the Ce3 + emission is enhanced gradually with increasing temperature. The corresponding reason has been discussed.

  20. Phase and structural behavior of SmAlO{sub 3}–RAlO{sub 3} (R = Eu, Gd) systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohon, N. [Lviv Polytechnic National University, 12 Bandera Street, 79013 Lviv (Ukraine); Vasylechko, L., E-mail: crystal-lov@polynet.lviv.ua [Lviv Polytechnic National University, 12 Bandera Street, 79013 Lviv (Ukraine); Prots, Yu.; Schmidt, M. [Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Nöthnitzer Str. 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany)

    2014-02-01

    Highlights: • Continuous solid solutions exist in the SmAlO{sub 3}–RAlO{sub 3} (R = Eu, Gd) systems. • Lattice parameter crossover was found in solid solutions Sm{sub 1−x}R{sub x}AlO{sub 3} (R = Eu, Gd). • Thermally induced lattice crossovers occur in Sm{sub 0.9}R{sub 0.1}AlO{sub 3} at elevated temperatures. • First-order structural phase transition Pbnm↔R3{sup ¯}c was found in Sm{sub 1−x}R{sub x}AlO{sub 3} (R = Eu, Gd). • Phase diagram of the systems SmAlO{sub 3}–EuAlO{sub 3} and SmAlO{sub 3}–GdAlO{sub 3} has been constructed. - Abstract: Phase and structural behavior in the SmAlO{sub 3}–RAlO{sub 3} (R = Eu, Gd) systems has been studied in a whole concentration range by means of laboratory X-ray diffraction, in situ synchrotron powder diffraction and differential thermal analysis techniques. Continuous solid solutions with orthorhombic perovskite structure have been found in both systems. Peculiarity of the solid solutions of Sm{sub 1−x}Eu{sub x}AlO{sub 3} and Sm{sub 1−x}Gd{sub x}AlO{sub 3} is the existence of two lattice parameter crossovers in each system occurred at x{sub Eu} = 0.07 and 0.62 and at x{sub Gd} = 0.04 and 0.33, respectively. The temperature induced lattice crossovers in the Sm{sub 0.9}Eu{sub 0.1}AlO{sub 3} and Sm{sub 0.9}Gd{sub 0.1}AlO{sub 3} samples have been found at 387 and 922 K and at 501 and 894 K. First-order reversible structural phase transformations Pbnm↔R3{sup ¯}c have been detected in both systems at the elevated temperatures. The temperatures of these transitions increase linearly with the decreasing of the samarium content. Phase diagrams of the pseudo-binary systems SmAlO{sub 3}–EuAlO{sub 3} and SmAlO{sub 3}–GdAlO{sub 3} have been constructed.

  1. Synthesis and luminescence properties of ZnAl2O4:RE3+ (RE = Eu, Sm) phosphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Seung Jin; Cho, Shinho

    2014-01-01

    ZnAl2O4:RE3+ (RE = Eu or Sm) phosphor powders were synthesized with different concentrations of activator ions by using the conventional solid-state reaction method. The effects of the concentration of activator ions on the structural, morphological, and luminescent properties of zinc aluminate phosphors were investigated. The X-ray diffraction patterns revealed that the phosphors synthesized with different concentrations of activator ions showed mixed phases of ZnAl2O4, ZnO, and Al2O3. The crystallite size was estimated using the Scherrer formula, and the maximum size was obtained for 0.20 mol of Eu3+ions. The emission spectra of of Eu3+-doped ZnAl2O4 phosphors under excitation at 303 nm exhibited one intense green band at approximately 520 nm and three weak bands centered at 590, 621, and 701 nm, respectively. The intensity of all the emission bands reached a maximum for 0.05 mol of Eu3+ ions. For the Sm3+-doped ZnAl2O4 phosphors, a broad emission band peak at 526 nm and several weak lines in the range 470-700 nm were observed. The results suggest that the luminescent intensity of the phosphors can be enhanced by controlling the amount of activator ions incorporated into the host lattice.

  2. The luminescence properties of Bi3+ sensitized Gd2MoO6:RE3+ (RE = Eu or Sm) phosphors for solar spectral conversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, M. N.; Ma, Y. Y.; Huang, X. Y.; Ye, S.; Zhang, Q. Y.

    2013-11-01

    Gd2MoO6:RE3+ (RE = Eu or Sm) and Gd2MoO6:Bi3+, RE3+ (RE = Eu or Sm) phosphors have been synthesized by combustion method. The samples are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), photoluminescence excitation (PLE) and photoluminescence (PL) spectra. By introducing Bi3+ ions into Gd2MoO6:RE3+ (RE = Eu or Sm) phosphors, the excitation bands of Eu3+ and Sm3+ ions are broadened and shifted to short wavelength, meanwhile, the emission intensity are enhanced obviously. The energy transfer from Bi3+ to the activators of Eu3+ or Sm3+ is observed and discussed. In addition, the process of ultraviolet light (250-400 nm) converted into visible light can be achieved by using Gd2MoO6:Bi3+, RE3+ (RE = Eu or Sm) phosphor. These phosphors can be a promising ultraviolet-absorbing luminescent converter to enhance the photoelectrical conversion efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs).

  3. Luminescence of Eu(III), Pr(III) and Sm(III) in carbonate-fluor-apatite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaft, M.; Shoval, S. [The Open University, Physics and Geology Groups, Tel-Aviv (Israel); Reisfeld, R. [Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem (Israel); Panczer, G.; Garapon, C.; Boulon, G. [University of Claude Bernard, Lyon (France)]|[Physico-Chimie des Materiaux Luminescents, CNRS, Villeurbanne (France); Strek, W. [Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Wroclaw (Poland)

    1996-12-31

    The purpose of this work was identification of luminescent lines occurring in natural carbonate-fluor-apatite (francolite) mineral. For identification of several rare earth ions occurring in natural francolite, the luminescence of rare earth ions was extensively studied in artificial mineral consisting of pure francolite (not containing rare earth) of the composition Ca{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}(F,O):Ca{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}CO{sub 3} activated with Pr, Eu and Sm ions and then compared with the luminescence features observed in natural mineral. (author) 16 refs, 7 figs

  4. Crystal structure of monoclinic samarium and cubic europium sesquioxides and bound coherent neutron scattering lengths of the isotopes {sup 154}Sm and {sup 153}Eu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kohlmann, Holger [Leipzig Univ. (Germany). Inst. of Inorganic Chemistry; Hein, Christina; Kautenburger, Ralf [Saarland Univ., Saarbruecken (Germany). Inorganic Solid State Chemistry; Hansen, Thomas C.; Ritter, Clemens [Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble (France); Doyle, Stephen [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany). Inst. for Synchrotron Radiation (ISS)

    2016-11-01

    The crystal structures of monoclinic samarium and cubic europium sesquioxide, Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3}, were reinvestigated by powder diffraction methods (laboratory X-ray, synchrotron, neutron). Rietveld analysis yields more precise structural parameters than previously known, especially for oxygen atoms. Interatomic distances d(Sm-O) in Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} range from 226.3(4) to 275.9(2) pm [average 241.6(3) pm] for the monoclinic B type Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} [space group C2/m, a = 1418.04(3) pm, b = 362.660(7) pm, c = 885.48(2) pm, β = 100.028(1) ], d(Eu-O) in Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} from 229.9(2) to 238.8(2) pm for the cubic bixbyite (C) type [space group Ia anti 3, a = 1086.87(1) pm]. Neutron diffraction at 50 K and 2 K did not show any sign for magnetic ordering in Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Isotopically enriched {sup 154}Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} and {sup 153}Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} were used for the neutron diffraction work because of the enormous absorption cross section of the natural isotopic mixtures for thermal neutrons. The isotopic purity was determined by inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry to be 98.9% for {sup 154}Sm and 99.8% for {sup 153}Eu. Advanced analysis of the neutron diffraction data suggest that the bound coherent scattering lengths of {sup 154}Sm and {sup 153}Eu need to be revised. We tentatively propose b{sub c}({sup 154}Sm) = 8.97(6) fm and b{sub c}({sup 153}Eu) = 8.85(3) fm for a neutron wavelength of 186.6 pm to be better values for these isotopes, showing up to 8% deviation from accepted literature values. It is shown that inaccurate scattering lengths may result in severe problems in crystal structure refinements causing erroneous structural details such as occupation parameters, which might be critically linked to physical properties like superconductivity in multinary oxides.

  5. Luminescence enhancement of Ca3Sr3(VO4)4:Eu3+, Sm3+ red-emitting phosphor by charge compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Qinxue; Qiu, Kehui; Zhang, Wentao; Shen, Yuqiao; Wang, Junlan

    2018-01-01

    A series of red-emitting phosphors Ca3Sr3(VO4)4:0.05Eu3+; Ca3Sr3(VO4)4:0.05Eu3+, xSm3+; and Ca3Sr3(VO4)4:0.05Eu3+, 0.05Sm3+, yM+ (M = Li, Na, and K) were fabricated with the combustion method. The microstructure and photoluminescence properties of the phosphors were investigated via X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The obtained results revealed that all samples perfectly matched the rhombohedral structure with R3c space group. The results showed that the luminescence properties of Eu3+ ions could evidently be improved by co-doping with Sm3+ ions. When the doping mole fraction of Sm3+ ions was 5%, the relative luminous intensity at 619 nm was maximal under an excitation of 464 nm. Moreover, incorporation of charge compensators (i.e., Li+, Na+, and K+) could improve both the luminescence intensity and thermal stability of phosphors under an excitation of 464 nm and this paper discusses and interprets the underlying reason. The optimal concentration of the charge compensator M+ (M = Li, Na, and K) was 5%. In particular, the Li+-doped sample exhibited significantly enhanced emission intensity and thermal stability under an excitation wavelength of 464 nm and its emission intensity was approximately 1.9-fold of that of Ca3Sr3(VO4)4:0.05Eu3+, 0.05Sm3+. Furthermore, the CIE chromaticity coordinate of Ca3Sr3(VO4)4:0.05Eu3+, 0.05Sm3+, 0.05Li+ phosphor was found to be closer to the standard red-emitting point (x = 0.67, y = 0.33) compared to Ca3Sr3(VO4)4:0.05Eu3+, 0.05Sm3+. The luminescence performance of Ca3Sr3(VO4)4:Eu3+, Sm3+, Li+ upon excitation with blue light radiation makes this a potential red-emitting phosphor for application in blue-based white light emitting diodes.

  6. Superconducting properties of EuBa 2Cu 3O 7 thin films on thick Sm 2O 3 buffer layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimura, Y.; Ota, Y.; Michikami, O.

    2007-10-01

    There has been a tendency for micro-cracks to be generated in superconducting films deposited on R-Al2O3 substrates with buffer layers. Thickening the buffer layer is one method for suppressing the generation of micro-cracks. When Sm2O3 buffer layers were thickened, surface roughness (Rz) of Sm2O3 and EuBa2Cu3O7 (EBCO) films increased and the critical current density (Jc) deteriorated with increase in Sm2O3 buffer layer thickness (tSm). Then, the improvement of Sm2O3 buffer layers on surface morphology and increment of Jc of EBCO thin films deposited on the thick Sm2O3 buffer layers were carried out. The surface roughness (Rz) of Sm2O3 buffer layers became small by optimizing sputtering conditions. Rz of EBCO thin films decreased depending on that of Sm2O3 buffer layers. The critical temperature (Tce) was 90 K and Jc showed a high value of 1.6 MA/cm2 at 77.3 K when tSm was 2000 Å.

  7. Electrical parameters of polycrystalline Sm{sub 1–x}Eu{sub x}S rare-earth semiconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaminskii, V. V., E-mail: vladimir.kaminski@mail.ioffe.ru; Kazanin, M. M.; Romanova, M. V.; Kamenskaya, G. A.; Sharenkova, N. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical–Technical Institute (Russian Federation)

    2016-09-15

    The electrical parameters of polycrystalline Sm{sub 1–x}Eu{sub x}S compounds are studied. The conductivity, concentration of free electrons, their mobility, and the conductivity activation energy are measured as functions of the quantity x. The structural parameters of the compounds are determined. A heterostructure is fabricated with x in the range from 0 to 0.3, and the electrical voltage generated by the structure, when heated to a temperature of T = 450 K, due to the thermovoltaic effect is measured. This voltage is found to be 55 mV. A method for measuring the thermally induced voltage is described. The method provides a means for separating the thermovoltaic effect from the Seebeck effect.

  8. Raman spectroscopy of rare-earth orthoferrites R FeO3 (R =La, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Mads Christof; Guennou, Mael; Zhao, Hong Jian; Íñiguez, Jorge; Vilarinho, Rui; Almeida, Abílio; Moreira, Joaquim Agostinho; Kreisel, Jens

    2016-12-01

    We report a Raman scattering study of six rare-earth orthoferrites R FeO3, with R = La, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy. The use of extensive polarized Raman scattering of SmFeO3 and first-principles calculations enable the assignment of the observed phonon modes to vibrational symmetries and atomic displacements. The assignment of the spectra and their comparison throughout the whole series allow correlating the phonon modes with the orthorhombic structural distortions of R FeO3 perovskites. In particular, the positions of two specific A g modes scale linearly with the two FeO6 octahedra tilt angles, allowing the distortion to be tracked throughout the series. At variance with literature, we find that the two octahedra tilt angles scale differently with the vibration frequencies of their respective A g modes. This behavior, as well as the general relations between the tilt angles, the frequencies of the associated modes, and the ionic radii are rationalized in a simple Landau model. The reported Raman spectra and associated phonon-mode assignment provide reference data for structural investigations of the whole series of orthoferrites.

  9. Study of the sub 64 sup 149 Gd yields sub 63 sup 149 Eu yields sub 62 sup 149 Sm decay chain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cabrera, J.A.; Ortiz, M. (Inst. de Investigacion Basica, CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)); Shaw, M.; Williart, A. (Dept. Fisica de Materiales, UNED, Madrid (Spain)); Gomez del Campo, J.C.; Campos, J. (Catedra de Fisica Atomica, Univ. Complutense, Madrid (Spain))

    1992-02-01

    A study has been made of the gamma-ray and conversion-electron spectra in the decay chain {sup 149}Gd(9.4 d){yields}{sup 149}Eu(93.1 d){yields}{sup 149}Sm, following the electron-capture decay of {sup 149}Tb. Gamma-ray and conversion-electron emission probabilities were measured with a double-focussing magnetic spectrometer, and internal conversion coefficients, multipolarities and mixing ratios were deduced for several transitions of {sup 149}Eu and {sup 149}Sm. These values have been compared with previously published data. Gamma-ray emission probabilities have also been measured for {sup 145}Sm, {sup 145}Pm and {sup 145}Nd, which originated via the alpha-decay branch of {sup 149}Tb. (orig.).

  10. Vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopic properties of rare earth (RE=Ce,Tb,Eu,Tm,Sm)-doped hexagonal KCaGd(PO4)2 phosphate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Z. J.; Yuan, J. L.; Duan, C. J.; Xiong, D. B.; Chen, H. H.; Zhao, J. T.; Zhang, G. B.; Shi, C. S.

    2007-11-01

    Hexagonal KCaGd(PO4)2:RE3+ (RE =Ce,Tb,Eu,Tm,Sm) were synthesized by coprecipitation method and their vacuum ultraviolet-ultraviolet (VUV-UV) spectroscopic properties were investigated. The bands at about 165nm in the VUV excitation spectra are attributed to the host lattice absorptions. For Ce3+-doped samples, the bands at 207, 256, 275, and 320nm are assigned to the 4f-5d transitions of Ce3+ in KCaGd(PO4)2. For Tb3+-doped sample, the bands at 203 and 222nm are related to the 4f-5d spin-allowed transitions. For Eu3+-doped sample, the O2--Eu3+ charge-transfer band (CTB) at 229nm is observed, and the fine emission spectrum of Eu3+ indicates that Eu3+ ions prefer to occupy Gd3+ or Ca2+ sites in the host lattice. For Tm3+- and Sm3+-doped samples, the O2--Tm3+ and O2--Sm3+ CTBs are observed to be at 176 and 186nm, respectively. From the standpoints of the absorption band, color purity, and luminescent intensity, Tb3+-doped KCaGd(PO4)2 is a potential candidate for 172nm excited green plasma display phosphors.

  11. Millimeter wave surface resistance of RBa2Cu3O(7-delta) (R=Y,Eu,Dy,Sm,Er) superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, F. A.; Gordon, W. L.; Eck, T. G.; Bhasin, K. B.; Warner, J. D.; Jenkins, K. A.

    1990-01-01

    The measurements are reported of the millimeter wave surface resistance R(sub s) at 58.6 GHz of bulk samples of RBa2Cu3O(7-delta) (R = Y,Eu,Dy,Sm,Er) and of YBa2Cu3O(7-delta) superconducting films, in the temperature range from 20 to 300 K. The bulk samples were prepared by cold pressing the powders of RBa2Cu3O(7-delta) into one in. disks. The powders were prepared by several sinterings in one atmosphere of oxygen at 925 C, with grindings between sinterings, to obtain the superconducting phase. The thin films were deposited on SrTiO3 and LaGaO3 substrates by pulsed laser ablation. Each sample was measured by replacing the end wall of a gold-plated Te sub 013 circular mode copper cavity with the sample and determining the cavity quality factor . From the difference in the Q-factor of the cavity, with and without the sample, the R(sub s) of the sample was determined.

  12. Physical properties of the R{sub 3}Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} compounds with volatile rare earth: Sm, Eu, Tm and Yb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Opagiste, C., E-mail: christine.opagiste@grenoble.cnrs.fr [Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Inst NEEL, F-38042 Grenoble (France); CNRS, Inst NEEL, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Barbier, C.; Haettel, R.; Galéra, R.M. [Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Inst NEEL, F-38042 Grenoble (France); CNRS, Inst NEEL, F-38042 Grenoble (France)

    2015-03-15

    The new R{sub 3}Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} series, where R is a rare earth, has been completed with the synthesis of three new compounds with volatile rare earth: R=Eu, Sm, and Tm. The studies of their physical properties have been performed along with those of the Yb{sub 3}Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} compound. The X-ray powder diffraction patterns confirm that they all crystallize in the same face-centered cubic structure, space group Fm3{sup ¯}m, as the rest of the series. The refinements of the diffraction patterns show an anomalously high lattice parameter in Eu{sub 3}Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} and Yb{sub 3}Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11}, indicating a divalent valence state for Eu and Yb. This 2+ valence state for Eu and Yb ions is confirmed by the magnetic measurements. A ferromagnetic order is observed at T{sub C}=5.54±0.07 K and 10.12±0.07 K in Eu{sub 3}Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} and Sm{sub 3}Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} respectively. In Tm{sub 3}Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} no magnetic order is found down to 0.36 K while Yb{sub 3}Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} reveals a diamagnetic behavior. At low temperatures the spontaneous moment, M{sub s}, in Eu{sub 3}Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} is in agreement with a L=0, S=7/2 state for the Eu{sup 2+} ion. On the contrary in Sm{sub 3}Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11}, M{sub s} is far below the 0.714μ{sub B} expected for the saturated moment of the Sm{sup 3+} in the J=7/2 ground state multiplet. - Highlights: • R{sub 3}Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} with volatile rare earth Sm, Eu, Tm and Yb have been synthesized. • Structural studies confirm that they crystallize in the same structure as Ce{sub 3}Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11}. • For Eu- and Yb-3Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} a divalent valence state is found for Eu and Yb. • Eu- and Sm-3Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} present a ferromagnetic order at 5.54 K and 10.12 K respectively. • In Tm3Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} no magnetic order is found down to 0.36 K, Yb3Pt{sub 23}Si{sub 11} is diamagnetic.

  13. Spin dynamics and structural phase transitions in quasi-2D R sub 2 CuO sub 4 (R=Pr, Sm and Eu) antiferromagnetics

    CERN Document Server

    Golovenchits, E I

    2001-01-01

    One studied spin dynamics and dynamics of lattice in R sub 2 CuO sub 4 (R = Pr, Sm, and Eu) crystals within 20-250 GHz frequency range and within 50350 K temperature interval. One detected abrupt variation of absorption coefficient within wide range of frequencies above 120 GHz at 20, 80 and 150 K temperatures in R sub 2 CuO sub 4 (R = Pr, Sm, and Eu), respectively. Absorption jumpings result from structural phase transitions. Wide ranges of spin-wave excitations were observed in all examined crystals in high-temperature phase. Close to temperatures of phase transitions within wide range of frequencies including frequencies corresponding to ranges of spin-wave excitations one observed lines of a absorption caused by lattice dynamics

  14. Synthesis and luminescence properties of ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu, Sm) phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Seung Jin; Cho, Shin Ho [Silla University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-01-15

    ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu or Sm) phosphor powders were synthesized with different concentrations of activator ions by using the conventional solid-state reaction method. The effects of the concentration of activator ions on the structural, morphological, and luminescent properties of zinc aluminate phosphors were investigated. The X-ray diffraction patterns revealed that the phosphors synthesized with different concentrations of activator ions showed mixed phases of ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}, ZnO, and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. The crystallite size was estimated using the Scherrer formula, and the maximum size was obtained for 0.20 mol of Eu{sup 3+} ions. The emission spectra of of Eu{sup 3+}-doped ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} phosphors under excitation at 303 nm exhibited one intense green band at approximately 520 nm and three weak bands centered at 590, 621, and 701 nm, respectively. The intensity of all the emission bands reached a maximum for 0.05 mol of Eu{sup 3+} ions. For the Sm{sup 3+}-doped ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} phosphors, a broad emission band peak at 526 nm and several weak lines in the range 470 - 700 nm were observed. The results suggest that the luminescent intensity of the phosphors can be enhanced by controlling the amount of activator ions incorporated into the host lattice.

  15. New K isomers in the neutron-rich N =100 isotones 162Sm, 163Eu, and 164Gd

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokoyama, R.; Go, S.; Kameda, D.; Kubo, T.; Inabe, N.; Fukuda, N.; Takeda, H.; Suzuki, H.; Yoshida, K.; Kusaka, K.; Tanaka, K.; Yanagisawa, Y.; Ohtake, M.; Sato, H.; Shimizu, Y.; Baba, H.; Kurokawa, M.; Nishimura, D.; Ohnishi, T.; Iwasa, N.; Chiba, A.; Yamada, T.; Ideguchi, E.; Fujii, T.; Nishibata, H.; Ieki, K.; Murai, D.; Momota, S.; Sato, Y.; Hwang, J. W.; Kim, S.; Tarasov, O. B.; Morrissey, D. J.; Sherrill, B. M.; Simpson, G.; Praharaj, C. R.

    2017-03-01

    Very neutron-rich Z ˜60 isotopes produced by in-flight fission of a 345 MeV/nucleon 238U beam at the RI Beam Factory, RIKEN Nishina Center, have been studied by delayed γ -ray spectroscopy. New isomers were discovered in the neutron-rich N =100 isotones 162Sm, 163Eu, and 164Gd. Half-lives, γ -ray energies, and relative intensities of these isomers were obtained. Level schemes were proposed for these nuclei and the first 2+ and 4+ states were assigned for the even-even nuclei. The first 2+ and 4+ state energies decrease as the proton numbers get smaller. The energies and the half-lives of the new isomers are very similar to those of 4- isomers known in less neutron-rich N =100 isotones 168Er and 170Yb. A deformed Hartree-Fock with angular momentum projection model suggests Kπ=4- two-quasiparticle states with ν 7 /2 [633 ]⊗ν 1 /2 [521 ] configurations with similar excitation energy. The results suggest that neutron-rich N =100 nuclei are well deformed and the deformation gets larger as Z decreases to 62. The onset of K isomers with the same configuration at almost the same energy in N =100 isotones indicates that the neutron single-particle structures of neutron-rich isotones down to Z =62 do not change significantly from those of the Z =70 stable nuclei. Systematics of the excitation energies of new isomers can be explained without the predicted N =100 shell gap.

  16. Synthesis of three-dimensional flower-like BiOCl:RE{sup 3+} (RE{sup 3+} = Eu{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+}) globular microarchitectures and their luminescence properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guo, Yang-Yang; Zhang, Zhi-Jun [Department of Physics, Dongguk University, Seoul, 100715 (Korea, Republic of); Zhu, Gang-Qiang [Department of Physics, Shanxi Normal University, Xi’an, 710062 (China); Yang, Woochul, E-mail: wyang@dongguk.edu [Department of Physics, Dongguk University, Seoul, 100715 (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-12-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Three-dimensional flower-like Eu{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+}-activated BiOCl globular microarchitectures have been synthesized. • Ostwald ripening and recrystallization are responsible for the growth mechanism of BiOCl microarchitectures. • Efficient red-emission from Eu{sup 3+}:BiOCl is observed due to the well-crystallized structures of the microarchitectures. - Abstract: Three-dimensional flower-like Eu{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+}-activated BiOCl globular microarchitectures were synthesized by the solvothermal method employing urea as a dispersing agent for the first time. The crystal structure, morphologies and luminescence properties of Eu{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+} doped BiOCl have been systematically investigated by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and spectroscopy, respectively. The unit cell volumes show a nearly linear decrease by about 0.18 and 0.15% with increasing Eu{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+} concentration up to 9 mol%, respectively. All of the prepared samples show flower-like globular microarchitectures with an average diameter about 3–5 μm with different Eu{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+} concentrations. Possible formation mechanism for the flower-like microarchitectures is proposed on the basis of time-dependent experiment. Both BiOCl:Eu{sup 3+} and BiOCl:Sm{sup 3+} samples show a strong red emission corresponding to the {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 4} transition (700 nm) of Eu{sup 3+} and {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 7/2} transition (600 nm) of Sm{sup 3+}, respectively. This work sheds some light on the design and preparation of red-emitting phosphors with novel microstructures.

  17. Luminescence characteristic of RE (RE = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy) and energy levels of lanthanide ions in Gd5Si3O12N

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhi-Jun; Yang, Woochul

    2017-10-01

    Polycrystalline Gd5Si3O12N: RE (RE = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb and Dy) phosphors have been synthesized via a solid-state reaction method at high temperature, and their photoluminescence properties were studied. The absorption peak at about 230 nm is attributed to the host absorption. For the Pr3+-doped sample, the typical excitation lines located at 273 nm originating from the 8S7/2 → 6IJ (J = 5/2, 7/2) transitions of the Gd3+ ions were observed in the excitation spectra. Upon excitation at 227 nm UV light, the 4f15d → 4f2 emission band (350-450 nm) and typical 4f2 → 4f2 emission lines (450-700 nm) assigned to Pr3+ were observed. The Sm3+-doped sample exhibits a bright red emission owing to the 4G5/2 → 6HJ (J = 5/2, 7/2 and 9/2) transitions. However, the charge transfer band of Sm3+ was not observed in the excitation spectrum. There is a broad band from 200 to 350 nm originating from the charge transfer transition (CT) of the Eu3+ (O2-/N3- → Eu3+) in the excitation spectra, and the strongest peak in the emission spectra located at 615 nm is due to the electric-dipole 5D0 → 7F2 transition of Eu3+. For the Tb3+-doped sample, it shows 5D3 →7FJ (J = 5, 4, 3, 2) blue line emissions and 5D4 → 7FJ (J = 6, 5, 4, 3) green line emissions under the excitation of Tb3+. The Dy3+-activated sample upon excitation at 349 and 386 nm UV light shows blue-green and orange-red emission lines originating from 4F9/2 → 6HJ (J = 15/2, 13/2) transitions. In addition, the energy transfer from the host lattice to the luminescence activators (i.e. Pr3+, Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+) has been confirmed. In addition, the energy level diagram including the 4f and 5d energy levels of all Ln2+ and Ln3+ ions relative to the valence and conduction band of Gd5Si3O12N were constructed and discussed.

  18. Emission analysis of RE{sup 3+} (RE=Eu, Sm, Dy):MgY{sub 4}Si{sub 3}O{sub 13} phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reddy, B. Sudhakar, E-mail: drbsreddyphd@gmail.com [School of Information and Communications, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara Degree College, Kadapa 516003 (India); Kadukar, Monali R. [Department of Physics, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur 440033 (India); Hwang, Hyeong-Yong; Ham, Byoung Seung [School of Information and Communications, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Sailaja, S. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara Degree College, Kadapa 516003 (India); Rambabu, U. [Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET), Department of Information, Technology, Govt. of India, Cherlapally, Hyderabad 500051 (India); Dhoble, S.J. [Department of Physics, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur 440033 (India); Jho, Young-Dahl, E-mail: jho@gist.ac.kr [School of Information and Communications, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-04-15

    A series of Eu{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+}, and Dy{sup 3+} ion doped magnesium yttrium silicate [MgY{sub 4}Si{sub 3}O{sub 13}] phosphors was synthesized using the solid-state reaction method with a grain size of approximately 500 nm in hexagonal symmetry. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the Eu{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+}, and Dy{sup 3+}:MgY{sub 4}Si{sub 3}O{sub 13} phosphors exhibit bright red, orange-red and yellow emissions at 615 nm ({sup 5}D{sub 0}→{sup 7}F{sub 2}), 603 nm ({sup 4}G{sub 52}→{sup 6}H{sub 7/2}), and 574 nm ({sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 13/2}), respectively. The thermoluminescence (TL) of the phosphors displays the maximum intensity consistently at 10 mol% of the ion concentrations, with a single glow peak around 165 °C (Eu{sup 3+}-activated phosphor), 230 °C (Sm{sup 3+}-activated phosphor), and 230 °C (Dy{sup 3+}-activated phosphor), respectively. The trap parameters such as the order of kinetics (b), activation energy (E), frequency factor (S), and Balarin parameter (γ) associated with the most intensive glow peak of these phosphors were finally determined by analyzing their line-shapes on the basis of Chen's method.

  19. Temperature quenching of luminescence emission in Eu{sup 3+}- and Sm{sup 3+}-doped YNbO{sub 4} powders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Đačanin, Lj.R., E-mail: ljubica@df.uns.ac.rs [University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Physics, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 4, 21000 Novi Sad (Serbia); Lukić-Petrović, S.R.; Petrović, D.M. [University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Physics, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 4, 21000 Novi Sad (Serbia); Nikolić, M.G.; Dramićanin, M.D. [Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 522, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia)

    2014-07-01

    We prepared Eu{sup 3+}- and Sm{sup 3+}-doped YNbO{sub 4} phosphor powders using a simple solid-state reaction method and examined their photoluminescence properties in order to investigate the possibility for their usage in phosphor thermometry. Photoluminescence measurements were performed in the temperature range 303–773 K, and the fluorescence intensity ratio of the paired emissions lines was studied as a function of temperature. The results have shown that YNbO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} possesses the absolute sensitivity of approximately 3×10{sup −3} K{sup −1} at about 700 K, while relative sensitivity changes within the range of 0.5–2.7% K{sup −1}. YNbO{sub 4}:Sm{sup 3+} has the maximum sensitivity of around 7×10{sup −4} K{sup −1} at about 700 K with the relative sensitivity of 0.43% K{sup −1} around 500 K. Calculated temperature sensitivities of samples show that these materials have a good potential for the development of thermographic phosphors. Experimental lifetime measurements recorded at 303–773 K were fitted using a temperature dependent charge transfer model, TDCT. This model yields good agreement between experimental and fitted lifetime data. The sample crystalline structure is confirmed by XRD measurements. - Highlights: • We synthesized YNbO{sub 4}:Eu and YNbO{sub 4}:Sm phosphor powders using solid-state reaction. • We recorded their emission in the temperature range 303–773 K. • Both samples have high temperature sensitivities, suitable for phosphor thermometry. • Lifetime measurements were fitted using a temperature dependent charge transfer model.

  20. Síntesis hidrotermal de monocristales LnMn2O5 (Ln= Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho y Er

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Señarís Rodríguez, M. A.

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Ten single crystals of the series LnMn2O5 (Ln= Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er were synthesized by hydrothermal synthesis in a single step and without subsequent thermal treatments from aqueous solutions of metals salts at 240 ºC. The obtained single crystals have a size of various micrometers and their morphology changes throughout the serie: they are polygonal in the case of the compounds with Ln= Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu and Gd and needle-like in the case of the compounds with Ln= Y, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er. After the analysis of the obtained products employing different conditions of synthesis we attributed the different morphology to a greater growth rate along the c axis when the smaller ions (Y, Tb, Dy, Ho y Er are involved, due to their better adaptation to the compound’s crystal structure.Se han conseguido preparar monocristales de 10 óxidos mixtos de la serie LnMn2O5 (Ln= Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho y Er mediante síntesis hidrotermal optimizada, en un único paso y sin tratamientos térmicos posteriores partiendo de las correspondientes sales metálicas en disolución acuosa a 240 ºC. Los monocristales obtenidos son relativamente grandes, de varias micras y su morfología varía a lo largo de la serie: es poligonal en el caso de los compuestos de los lantánidos del inicio de la serie (Ln= Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu y Gd y acicular en el caso de los compuestos de Y y de los lantánidos del final de la serie (Ln= Tb, Dy, Ho y Er. Tras el análisis de los productos obtenidos empleando distintas condiciones de síntesis atribuimos la diferente morfología a una mayor velocidad de crecimiento cristalino a lo largo del eje c cuando intervienen los iones más pequeños (Y, Tb, Dy, Ho y Er debido a la mejor adaptación de éstos últimos a la estructura cristalina del compuesto.

  1. Effect of annealing on the structural, optical and emissive properties of SrWO4:Ln(3+) (Dy(3+), Eu(3+) and Sm(3+)) nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maheshwary; Singh, B P; Singh, R A

    2016-01-05

    Lanthanide ions, Ln(3+) (Dy(3+), Eu(3+) and Sm(3+)) doped SrWO4 nanoparticles were synthesized using ethylene glycol (EG) as a capping agent as well as reaction medium. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) study reveals that all the Ln(3+) (Dy(3+), Eu(3+) and Sm(3+)) doped samples are well crystalline in nature with a tetragonal scheelite structure of SrWO4 phase. TG study reveals that the nanophosphors are thermally stable. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy techniques were used to obtain the information about internal and external vibrational modes present in the SrWO4 structure. Optical properties were investigated using UV-vis and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The average crystallite size was calculated using Debye-Scherrer's for as-prepared and 800°C annealed samples and is found to be in the range of ∼35-70nm. The luminescence intensity of Eu(3+) doped SrWO4 nanoparticles under 364nm excitation wavelength reveals that (5)D0→(7)F2 transition at ∼613nm (red) is more prominent than that of (5)D0→(7)F1 transition at ∼590nm (orange). Also upon excitation by UV radiation, the SrWO4:Dy(3+) phosphor shows the yellow and blue transition lines appearing at ∼572 and 484nm which are the characteristic electronic transitions of (4)F9/2-(6)H13/2 and (4)F9/2-(6)H15/2 emission line of Dy(3+), respectively. Also Sm(3+) doped SrWO4 nanophosphor shows its characteristic emission lines in the range of 550-720nm, corresponding to (4)G5/2→(6)HJ (J=5/2, 7/2, 9/2 and 11/2) transitions of Sm(3+) ions. The predominant orange red color can be attributed to (4)G5/2→(6)H9/2 located at ∼642nm. This is related to the polarizing effect due to the energy transfer from WO4(2-) to the Eu(3+), Dy(3+) and Sm(3+) sites, respectively. Effect of annealing on the photoluminescence properties of samples has been studied and it was found that luminescence intensity increases up to ∼3 times on heating the samples at 800°C. This may be due to

  2. of Brilliant Green

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rana Seyrani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Novel hydrogel nanocomposites, based on κ-carrageenan polysaccharide, were prepared by graft copolymerization of acrylamide (AAM and maleic anhydride (MAH as comonomers in the presence of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT, using methylene bisacrylamide (MBA and ammonium persulfate (APS,former as a crosslinking agent and the latter as an initiator. The hydrogel nanocomposites structure was characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM and XRD patterns, and their thermal stability was investigated by TGA thermal analysis. The hydrogel nanocomposites were evaluated using gel content measurements and swelling rate in distilled water and in saline solutions. The carbon nanotube content was examined in relation to its effect on the properties of nanocomposites. The results showed that with increasing carbon nanotube content, the rate of water absorbency and equilibrium swelling in distilled water decreased whereas the water absorbency in the saline solutions increased. Water retention capacity was also studied and the results indicated that the inclusion of carbon nanotube increased water retention under heating condition. Furthermore, the experimental conditions of adsorption kinetics and dynamics for the removal of cationic dye, Brilliant Green (BG, were studied in the range of 6-8 for pH, 10-60 min for time (t, and 10-300 mg/L for initial concentration (C0 of the dye. The optimum conditions obtained for adsorption of Brilliant Green dye were pH 7, t= 50 min and C0= 10 mg/L. Also, the results indicated that more than 98% of the maximum adsorption capacity toward Brilliant Green dye was achieved within the initial 10 min. The experimental tests showed that the hydrogels could be used as fast–responsive and high capacity sorbents in Brilliant Green removal processes from industrial waste water.

  3. Superconducting properties of EuBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} thin films on thick Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} buffer layers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kimura, Y. [Faculty of Engineering, Iwate University, 4-3-5 Ueda, Morioka-shi, Iwate 020-8551 (Japan)], E-mail: t5306002@iwate-u.ac.jp; Ota, Y.; Michikami, O. [Faculty of Engineering, Iwate University, 4-3-5 Ueda, Morioka-shi, Iwate 020-8551 (Japan)

    2007-10-01

    There has been a tendency for micro-cracks to be generated in superconducting films deposited on R-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} substrates with buffer layers. Thickening the buffer layer is one method for suppressing the generation of micro-cracks. When Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} buffer layers were thickened, surface roughness (R{sub z}) of Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} and EuBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} (EBCO) films increased and the critical current density (J{sub c}) deteriorated with increase in Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} buffer layer thickness (t{sub Sm}). Then, the improvement of Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} buffer layers on surface morphology and increment of J{sub c} of EBCO thin films deposited on the thick Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} buffer layers were carried out. The surface roughness (R{sub z}) of Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} buffer layers became small by optimizing sputtering conditions. R{sub z} of EBCO thin films decreased depending on that of Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} buffer layers. The critical temperature (T{sub ce}) was 90 K and J{sub c} showed a high value of 1.6 MA/cm{sup 2} at 77.3 K when t{sub Sm} was 2000 A.

  4. Surfactant-mediated PMMA-templating fabrication and characterization of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} with mesoporous walls

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang Han [Laboratory of Catalysis Chemistry and Nanoscience, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 (China); Dai Hongxing, E-mail: hxdai@bjut.edu.cn [Laboratory of Catalysis Chemistry and Nanoscience, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 (China); Liu Yuxi; Deng Jiguang; Zhang Lei; Ji Kemeng [Laboratory of Catalysis Chemistry and Nanoscience, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 (China)

    2011-09-15

    Graphical abstract: Three-dimensionally ordered macroporous (3DOM) Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} with mesopore walls can be fabricated by the surfactant-assisted PMMA-templating method. 3DOM Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} obtained with sucrose possesses a surface area up to 37 m{sup 2} g{sup -1}. 3DOM Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} show strong UV-light absorption. By tailoring the pore structure of Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}, the luminescent property can be modified. Highlights: {yields} 3DOM Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} with mesopore walls are fabricated by the PMMA-templating method. {yields} Surfactant addition and carbonization process favor the formation of the 3DOM structure. {yields} 3DOM Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} obtained with sucrose possesses a surface area up to about 37 m{sup 2} g{sup -1}. {yields} 3DOM Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} show excellent UV-light absorption. {yields} The luminescent property can be modified by tailoring the pore structure of Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}. - Abstract: Three-dimensionally ordered macroporous (3DOM) europium oxide and samarium oxide with mesoporous walls and cubic crystal structures have been successfully fabricated with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) as hard template and F127, sucrose, and L-lysine as surfactant. The as-fabricated rare earth oxides were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetric analysis, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscopy, selected-area electron diffraction, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. It is shown that the as-fabricated Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} samples displayed 3DOM architectures with polycrystalline wormhole-like mesoporous walls. The nature of surfactant and solvent and calcination parameter had important

  5. Pico- and subpicosecond relaxation processes in lanthanide-porphyrin complexes. [Lanthanoids: Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Solov' ev, K.N.; Tsvirko, M.P.; Krasauskas, V.V.; Pyatosin, V.E.; Stel' makh, G.F.

    1984-03-01

    Methods of nano- and picosecond absorption spectroscopy and luminescence are used to determine the deactivation rates of ..pi.., ..pi..*-electron states of S/sub 2/, S/sub 1/ and T/sub 1/ in complexes of organic molecules of meso-tetratolylporphyne and tetrabenzoporphyne with trivalent Sm/sup 3 +/, Eu/sup 3 +/, Gd/sup 3 +/, Tb/sup 3 +/, Dy/sup 3 +/, Ho/sup 3 +/, Er/sup 3 +/, Tm/sup 3 +/, Yb/sup 3 +/, Lu/sup 3 +/. Quantitative data on superfast relaxation processes in lanthanide porphyrines are obtained. The function of the metal entral ion is presented in details as the excitation factor in deactivation processes of photoexcitation energy of the systems in question.

  6. LnBSb2O8 (Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb): A Series of Lanthanide Boroantimonates with Unusual 3D Anionic Structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Dong; Mao, Fei-Fei; Mao, Jiang-Gao

    2016-10-17

    A series of lanthanide boroantimonates, namely, LnBSb2O8 (Ln = Sm 1, Eu 2, Gd 3, and Tb 4) have been successfully synthesized by high temperature solid-state reactions for the first time. They are isostructural and feature novel three-dimensional (3D) frameworks composed of 2D [Sb3O12]9- layers interconnected by 1D [SbBO7]6- chains with remaining BO3 groups hanging on the walls of the 1D 6-membered-ring (MR) tunnels along the a-axis, and the lanthanide ions filled in the voids of the anionic structure. They exhibit high thermal stability (up to 900 °C). Luminescent studies suggest that compounds 1, 2, and 4 have potential application as orange, red, and green light luminescent materials, respectively. Magnetic measurements reveal ferromagnetic coupling interactions in compound 3 and antiferromagnetic coupling interactions between magnetic centers in compounds 1, 2, and 4.

  7. Multi-elemental Gd, Eu, Sm, Nd isotope ratio measurements by liquid chromatography coupled to MC-ICPMS with variable Faraday cup configurations during elution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guéguen, Florence; Nonell, Anthony; Isnard, Hélène; Vio, Laurent; Chartier, Frédéric

    2017-01-01

    The high-precision isotopic characterization of actinides and fission products in nuclear samples is fundamental for various applications such as the management of spent nuclear fuel or the validation of neutronic calculation codes. However multi-elemental isotope ratio measurements by mass spectrometric techniques are hampered by the presence of both spectral and non-spectral interferences as complex sample matrices are encountered in such topics, but also due to the lack of high precision mass spectrometers able to cover the entire mass spectrum. This work describes a new LC-MC-ICPMS approach allowing simultaneous high-precision and multi-elemental isotope ratio measurements of four fission products of interest for nuclear issues (Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd) within a single elution run. Variable motorized Faraday cup configurations were successively used during a specifically designed elution procedure in order to take into account the non-natural Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd isotopic compositions encountered in irradiated nuclear samples. This new method, involving the relevant isotopic reference standard injection timings for on-line mass bias corrections, was validated by the analysis of a simulated fission product fraction from a (235)U-irradiated target. Reproducibilities better than 2‰ (k=2), comparable to those obtained by off-line measurements and the classic sample-standard bracketing mass bias correction approach, were obtained for all isotope ratios, except those involving isotopes with a transient signal peak apex lower than 100mV, for which the reproducibilities were comprised between 2‰ and 6‰. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Thermal decomposition of RE(C2H5CO2)3·H2O (RE = Dy, Tb, Gd, Eu and Sm)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grivel, Jean-Claude

    2014-01-01

    The thermal decomposition of Dy(III), Tb(III), Gd(III), Eu(III), and Sm(III) propionate monohydrates was studied in argon by means of simultaneous differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetry, infrared-spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and optical microscopy. After dehydration, which takes p...

  9. First-principles calculations of crystal structure, electronic structure and optical properties of RETaO4 (RE= Y, La, Sm, Eu, Dy, Er)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Zhuang; Zheng, Jiayi; Wang, Song; Gao, Lihong

    2017-08-01

    It is an effective method to protect components from high power laser damage by using high reflective materials. The rare earth tantalates RETaO4 with high dielectric constant suggests that they may have very high reflectivity, according to the relationship between dielectric constant and reflectivity. In this paper, the crystal structure, electronic structure and optical properties of RETaO4 (RE=Y, La, Sm, Eu, Dy, Er) have been studied by first-principles calculation. The calculated lattice parameters are in good agreement with the previously reported values. With increasing the atomic number of RE (i.e., the number of 4f electrons), 4f electron shell moves from high energy region to low energy region, showing the tendency of moving from conduction band bottom to forbidden gap and then to valence band. The relationship between the electronic structures and optical properties is explored. The electron transitions between O 2p states, RE 4f states and Ta 5d states have a key effect on optical properties such as dielectric function, refractive index, absorption coefficient and reflectivity. For the series of RETaO4, the appearance of the 4f electronic states will obviously promote the improvement of reflectivity. When the 4f states appear at the middle of forbidden gap, the reflectivity reaches the maximum. The reflectivity of EuTaO4 at 1064nm is up to 93.47%, indicating that it has potential applications in the anti-laser radiation area.

  10. Hydrogenation Properties of Laves Phases LnMg2 (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werwein, Anton; Maaß, Florian; Dorsch, Leonhard Y; Janka, Oliver; Pöttgen, Rainer; Hansen, Thomas C; Kimpton, Justin; Kohlmann, Holger

    2017-12-18

    The hydrogenation properties of Laves phases LnMg2 (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) were investigated by thermal analysis, X-ray, synchrotron, and neutron powder diffraction. At 14.0 MPa hydrogen gas pressure and 393 K, PrMg2 and NdMg2 take up hydrogen and form the colorless, ternary hydrides PrMg2H7 (P41212, a = 632.386(6) pm, c = 945.722(11) pm) and NdMg2H7 (P41212, a = 630.354(9) pm, c = 943.018(16) pm). The crystal structures were refined by the Rietveld method from neutron powder diffraction data on the deuterides (PrMg2D7, P41212, a = 630.56(2) pm, c = 943.27(3) pm; NdMg2D7, P41212, a = 628.15(2) pm, c = 940.32(3) pm) and shown to be isotypic to LaMg2D7. The LaMg2D7 type of hydrides decompose at 695 K (La), 684 K (Ce), 684 K (Pr), 672 K (Nd), and 639 K (Sm) to lanthanide hydrides and magnesium. The Laves phase EuMg2 forms a hydride EuMg2Hx of black color. Its crystal structure (P212121, a = 664.887(4) pm, b = 1136.993(7) pm, c = 1069.887(7) pm) is closely related to the hexagonal Laves phase (MgZn2 type) of the hydrogen-free parent intermetallic. GdMg2 and TbMg2 form hydrides GdMg2Hx with orthorhombic unit cells (a = 1282.7(4) pm, b = 572.5(2) pm, c = 881.7(2) pm) and TbMg2Hx (a = 617.8(3) pm, b = 1045.8(8) pm, c = 997.1(5) pm), presumably also with a distorted MgZn2 type of structure. CeMg2H7 and NdMg2H7 are paramagnetic with effective magnetic moments of 2.49(1) μB and 3.62(1) μB, respectively, in good agreement with the calculated magnetic moments of the free trivalent rare-earth cations (μcalc(Ce3+) = 2.54 μB; μcalc(Nd3+) = 3.62 μB).

  11. Crossrelaxations and non-radiative energy transfer from ({sup 4}G{sub 5/2}) Sm{sup 3+} → ({sup 5}D{sub 0}) Eu{sup 3+}: B{sub 2}O{sub 3}–ZnO glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naresh, V., E-mail: varna.naresh@gmail.com; Rudramadevi, B.H.; Buddhudu, S., E-mail: profsb_svuniv@hotmail.com

    2015-05-25

    Graphical abstract: The energy transfer process occurring from Sm{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 3+} in B{sub 2}O{sub 3}–ZnO (BZn) glasses is analyzed. Based on the Foster–Dexter theory, the possibility of energy transfer between Sm{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} has been demonstrated from the spectral overlap of Eu{sup 3+} absorption and Sm{sup 3+} emission, photoluminescence spectra, energy level diagram and lifetime measurements. The energy transfer mechanism in (Sm{sup 3+} + Eu{sup 3+}) co-doped glass is governed by dipole–dipole interaction. - Highlights: • Spectroscopic properties of individually doped Sm{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+} & co-doped (Sm{sup 3+} + Eu{sup 3+}) in BZn glasses were studied separately. • The effect of Eu{sup 3+} concentration on luminescence properties is explained from cross-relaxations. • Energy transfer from Sm{sup 3+} ({sup 4}G{sub 5/2}) to Eu{sup 3+} ({sup 5}D{sub 0}) has been explained from Foster–Dexter theory. • Dipole–dipole mechanism governs the energy transfer from Sm{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 3+}. - Abstract: The present paper reports on the results concerning to photoluminescence features of Eu{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+} ions and energy transfer process occurring from Sm{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 3+} doped in 45 B{sub 2}O{sub 3}–55 ZnO (BZn) glasses prepared by melt quenching technique. Luminescence quenching as a function of Eu{sup 3+} concentration in BZn glasses has been discussed. Among the studied concentrations, 0.5 mol% of Eu{sup 3+} is optimized because it has exhibited red emission transition {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 2}. With regard to Sm{sup 3+} glasses, orange emission at 602 nm ({sup 4}G{sub 5/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 7/2}) has been noticed on exciting with λ{sub exci} = 403 nm. Based on the Foster–Dexter theory, the possibility of energy transfer between Sm{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} has been explained from the spectral overlap of Eu{sup 3+} absorption and Sm{sup 3+} emission. The optimized concentration 0.5 mol% of Eu{sup 3+} is co

  12. The Pressure-Induced Structural Response of A2Hf2O7 (A=Y, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Yb) Compounds from 0.1-50 GPa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, K. M.; Rittman, D.; Heymach, R.; Turner, M.; Tracy, C.; Mao, W. L.; Ewing, R. C.

    2016-12-01

    A2B2O7 (A, B= cations) compounds have structures that make their properties conducive to many applications; for example they are a proposed waste-form for actinides generated in the nuclear fuel cycle. This interest in part is due to their structural responses to extreme environments of high P, T, or under intense irradiation. Depending on their cationic radius ratio, ra/rb, A2B2O7 compounds either crystallize as pyrochlore (ra/rb=1.46-1.7) or "defect fluorite" (ra/rb>1.46). The structure types are similar: they are derivatives of ideal fluorite with two cations and 1/8 missing anions. In pyrochlore, the cations and anion vacancy are ordered. In "defect fluorite"-structured oxides, the cations and anion vacancies are random. A2B2O7 compounds rarely amorphize in extreme environments. Rather, they disorder and undergo phase transitions; this resistance to amorphization contributes to the durability of this potential actinide waste-form. Under high-pressure, A2B2O7 compounds are known to disorder or form a cottunite-like phase. Their radius ratio affects their response to extreme environments; "defect fluorite" type compounds tend to disorder, and pyrochlore type compounds tend to form the cottunite-like phase. We have examined six A2Hf2O7 compounds (A=Y, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Yb) in situ to 50 GPa. By keeping the B-site constant (Hf), we examined the effect of a changing radius ratio on the pressure-induced structural response of hafnates. We used symmetric DACs, ruby fluorescence, stainless steel gaskets, and methanol: ethanol (4:1 by volume) pressure medium. We characterized these materials with in situ Raman spectroscopy at Stanford University, and synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) at APS 16 BM-D and ALS 12.2.2. The compounds were pyrochlore structured (Sm, Eu, Gd) and "defect-fluorite" structured (Y, Dy, Yb) hafnates . These compounds undergo a slow phase transition to a high-pressure cotunnite-like phase between 18-30 GPa. They undergo disordering of their cation

  13. New series of magnetic rare earth cuprates. RCu{sub 2}O{sub 4} (R = La, Nd, Sm, and Eu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keller, S.W.; Carlson, V.A.; Sandford, D.; Stenzel, F.; Stacy, A.M. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Kwei, G.H. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Alario-Franco, M. [Universidad Complutense, Madrid (Spain)

    1994-09-07

    The synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties of a new series of isostructural rare earth cuprates, RCu{sub 2}O{sub 4} (R = La, Nd, Sm, and Eu), are reported. The highly oxidized materials with an average formal copper oxidation state of Cu{sup 2.5+} were isolated by precipitation from molten NaOH at 400{degree}C. Powder X-ray diffraction data for EuCu{sub 2}O{sub 4} combined with neutron diffraction data for NdCu{sub 2}O{sub 4} were used to determine the crystal structure and refine the structure by rietveld profile analysis. The lattice parameters for NdCu{sub 2}O{sub 4} in the non-standard monoclinic space group J2/a derived from the neutron data set are the following: a = 5.826(1) A, b = 9.703(1) A, c = 5.753(1) A, and {beta} = 92.341(1){degree}. The copper-oxygen network consists of a three-dimensional array of CuO{sub 4} distorted square planes that are cornered-shared; the Cu-O-Cu bond angle is approximately 115{degree}. These exhibit magnetic ordering of the copper spins as determined by a large increase in the magnetization as the temperature is lowered, the onset of which varies between 18 and 28 K, depending on R. While the negative Weiss constants for LaCu{sub 2}O{sub 4} and NdCu{sub 2}O{sub 4} indicate that the predominant interaction is antiferromagnetic, the saturation moments of approximately 0.13 {mu}{sub B} per mol of RCu{sub 2}O{sub 4} indicate that there is a significant ferromagnetic component, possibly due to canting of the ordered copper moments 36 refs., 8 figs., 4 tabs.

  14. Oxalic Acid-Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis and Luminescent of Hexagonal NaYF4:Ln3+ (Ln = Sm, Eu, Yb/Er Micro/Nanoplates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feng Tao

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Hexagonal NaYF4:Ln3+ micro/nanoplates were successfully synthesized via a hydrothermal method using oxalic acid as a shape modifier. X-ray diffraction (XRD, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM, transmission electron microscopy (TEM, and selected area electron diffraction (SAED have been used to study the morphologies and crystal structure of the products. The effects of the pH values and the molar ratio of oxalic acid to NaOH on the crystal growth have been investigated in detail. The time-dependent experiments have been conducted to investigate the morphology evolution process, and based on the results, a possible growth mechanism was proposed. The photoluminescence properties of 5 mol% Eu3+ and 3 mol% Sm3+ doped NaYF4 and 20 mol% Yb3+/2 mol% Er3+ codoped NaYF4 micro/nanoplates were investigated. The experimental results showed that NaYF4:Ln3+ micro/nanoplates have excellent luminescence and can be potential application in the field of light display systems, lasers, and optoelectronic devices.

  15. Structural and electrical properties of T′-type Ln{sub 2}CuO{sub 4} (Ln = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu and Gd) ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salame, Paresh Hiralal [Department of Applied Physics, Laxminarayan Institute of Technology, RTM Nagpur University, Nagpur, INDIA paresh.salame@gmail.com (India)

    2016-05-23

    T′-type Ln{sub 2}CuO{sub 4} (Ln = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu and Gd) were successfully synthesized in phase pure form using conventional solid state reaction and sintering route. For all the Ln{sub 2}CuO{sub 4} samples, the solid state reaction temperature was found to be 950 °C and pure phase was realized only after 2-3 intermediate milling and solid state reaction cycles, irrespective of the lanthanide ion radius. Effect of lanthanide ion contraction on the structural properties was clearly revealed by the powder X-ray diffraction, with the XRD peaks observed to be shifting towards higher 2θ values with the decrease in Ln ionic radii. The optimum sintering temperature of these solid state reacted Ln{sub 2}CuO{sub 4} powder was found to be 1100 °C except for Pr{sub 2}CuO{sub 4} powder. The conductivity of these samples were tested over a wide temperature range (−100 to 150 °C), an anomaly was observed in the conductivity of all the Ln{sub 2}CuO{sub 4} samples near the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature of Cu (~ 30 °C), thus suggesting the bearing of ordering of magnetic moments on the electrical properties.

  16. Synthetic and spectroscopic studies of vanadate glaserites II: Photoluminescence studies of Ln:K{sub 3}Y(VO{sub 4}){sub 2} (Ln=Eu, Er, Sm, Ho, or Tm)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kimani, Martin M., E-mail: kimani@g.clemson.edu; McMillen, Colin D., E-mail: cmcmill@g.clemson.edu; Kolis, Joseph W., E-mail: kjoseph@clemson.edu

    2015-03-15

    Glaserite-type potassium yttrium double vanadates (K{sub 3}Y(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}) doped with Eu{sup 3+}, Er{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+}, Ho{sup 3+}, or Tm{sup 3+} have been synthesized by solid state reactions at 1000 °C for 48 h and their photoluminescence properties investigated. Efficient energy transfer from the vanadate group to the rare earth ion has been established by photoluminescence investigation. Ultraviolet excitation into the metal to ligand charge transfer band of the vanadate groups results in orange-red, blue and green emissions from Eu{sup 3+} (592 nm), Sm{sup 3+} (602 nm), Tm{sup 3+} (475 nm), Er{sup 3+} (553 nm), and Ho{sup 3+} (541–551 nm) dopant ions. The emission intensities of the lanthanide-doped K{sub 3}Y(VO{sub 4}){sub 2} powders were studied as a function of dopant ion concentrations. Over the concentration ranges studied, no emission quenching was observed for Eu{sup 3+} or Ho{sup 3+} dopants, while Er{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+} and Tm{sup 3+} dopants did exhibit such effects for dopant ion concentrations greater than 5%, probably due to cross relaxation processes. - Graphical abstract: Synthesis and photoluminescence in vanadate glaserites. - Highlights: • K{sub 3}Y(VO{sub 4}){sub 2} doped with Eu, Er, Tm, Sm, or Ho were synthesized via solid-state reactions. • Photoluminescence properties are investigated. • The lanthanide doped K{sub 3}Y(VO{sub 4}){sub 2} compounds revealed efficient energy transfer from the vanadate group to the rare earth ions. • The presented compounds are promising materials for light display systems, lasers, and optoelectronic devices.

  17. White light emission based on a single component Sm(iii) framework and a two component Eu(iii)-doped Gd(iii) framework constructed from 2,2'-diphenyl dicarboxylate and 1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]-phenanthroline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yi-Hua; Li, Xia; Song, Shuang

    2013-11-14

    New 1D lanthanide-organic frameworks, [Ln(dpdc)1.5(IP)(H2O)]n (Ln = Sm 1, Eu 2, Gd 3; dpdc = 2,2'-diphenyldicarboxylate and IP = 1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]-phenanthroline), were synthesized. White light emission was realized by two approaches: a single component Sm(iii) framework and a two-component Eu(iii)-doped Gd(iii) framework.

  18. Brilliant blue, green and orange-red emission band on Tm{sup 3+}-, Tb{sup 3+}- and Eu{sup 3+}-doped ZrO{sub 2} nanocrystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero, V H; De la Rosa, E; Lopez-Luke, T [Centro de Investigaciones en Optica, A.P. 1-948, Leon Gto., 37160 (Mexico); Salas, P [Centro de Fisica Aplicada y TecnologIa Avanzada, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, A.P. 1-1010, Queretaro, Qro. 76000 (Mexico); Angeles-Chavez, C, E-mail: elder@cio.m [Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo, Programa de IngenierIa Molecular, A.P. 11-848, Mexico, D.F. 07730 (Mexico)

    2010-11-24

    Tm{sup 3+}-, Tb{sup 3+}- and Eu{sup 3+}-doped ZrO{sub 2} nanocrystals were prepared by a facile precipitation method with a hydrothermal process. Structural characterization showed a crystallite size ranging from 30 to 40 nm, and monoclinic and tetragonal zirconia phases were observed depending on the dopant concentration. The monoclinic phase was dominant for 0.5 mol% of Tb{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+}, and the tetragonal phase was 100% stabilized for 2 mol% of Tm{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+}. The structure of emission bands associated with Eu{sup 3+} confirms the substitution of Zr{sup 4+} located at C{sub 1} and D{sub 2h} symmetry sites for the monoclinic and tetragonal phases. The emission of three primary colours, red, green and blue, was obtained from Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} and Tm{sup 3+}, respectively, which makes this nanophosphor an excellent candidate for use in photonics applications. The emitted signal was analysed as a function of ion concentration and the optimum concentration was determined.

  19. High critical current density and its magnetic fields dependence in (Sm,Eu,Gd)Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} films by using multiple targets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, Yuya; Tsuruta, Akihiro; Ichino, Yusuke [Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603 (Japan); Yoshida, Yutaka, E-mail: yoshida@nuee.nagoya-u.ac.jp [Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603 (Japan); Awaji, Satoshi [Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Ichinose, Ataru [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Nagasaka 2-6-1, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 240-0196 (Japan); Matsumoto, Kaname [Kyushu Institute of Technology, 1-1 Sensui-cho, Tobata-ku, Kitakyushu 804-8550 (Japan)

    2013-01-15

    Highlights: ► We fabricated (Sm,Eu,Gd)Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} (SEG123) films on LaAlO{sub 3} by using PLD method. ► SEG123 film showed high-J{sub c} in high magnetic fields and high irreversibility fields. ► We anticipate RE-rich particles acting as 3D PC are included within the SEG123 films. ► The superconducting properties changes by varying Sm, Eu and Gd composition ratio. ► We expect SEG123 is effective materials for applications in high magnetic fields. -- Abstract: Melt textured bulks of (Sm{sub 0.33}Eu{sub 0.33}Gd{sub 0.33})Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} (SEG123) show high J{sub c} compared with that of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} (Y123), because of nanoscopic network consisting of crossing rare earth (RE) compositional stripes. In this study, we fabricated SEG123 films by using pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method on LaAlO{sub 3} (LAO) substrates and evaluated the J{sub c} and T{sub c} in magnetic field. J{sub c} of the SEG123 film was typically 1.4 MA/cm{sup 2} at 77 K in self-field. J{sub c} in self-field of SEG123, Y123 and Sm123 films were almost the same value, however, J{sub c} in magnetic fields showed a notable difference. The J{sub c} of SEG123 film were 62.7 kA/cm{sup 2} at 5 T. We conclude that the J{sub c} in magnetic fields were improved by RE-rich particle made of RE/Ba substitution acting as 3-dimensional pinning centers. Moreover we have confirmed that the superconducting properties changes by varying Sm, Eu and Gd composition ratio.

  20. Epitaxial growth of an Sm 2O 3 buffer layer for EuBa 2Cu 3O 7- δ thin films by magnetron sputtering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimura, Y.; Ota, Y.; Michikami, O.

    2006-10-01

    Fabrication of EBCO thin films with a high critical current density (Jc) on an Sm2O3 buffer layer was carried out. The Jc values were influenced by surface roughness (Rz) of Sm2O3 and EBCO films. To reduce Rz of Sm2O3 buffer layers, the effect of target-substrate distance (Doff) on surface morphology was examined. The critical temperature (Tce) was always almost 90 K regardless of Doff in the Sm2O3 buffer layer deposition. The Jc values of EBCO thin films deposited on Sm2O3 buffer layers with a smooth surface were 6.4 MA/cm2 at 77.3 K.

  1. Effect of a multi-buffer layer (Sm 2O 3/CeO 2) on the superconducting properties of an EuBa 2Cu 3O 7- δ thin film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ota, Y.; Kimura, Y.; Michikami, O.

    2005-10-01

    In order to suppress the influence of facets, annealing of a thick CeO2 film and insertion of a Sm2O3 buffer layer were carried out. Annealing of R-Al2O3 with a 200-nm-thick CeO2 buffer layer at 1000 °C for 3 h resulted in improvement in the surface morphology and crystallinity of the buffer layer. However, microcracks were observed on the surface of the CeO2 film, and EuBa2Cu3O7-δ (EBCO) thin films directly deposited on annealed substrates exhibited Tce's of about 84 K or lower. By depositing 100-nm-thick Sm2O3 second buffer layers on annealed CeO2, EBCO thin films exhibited Tce's of 90.1 K and Jc's of 5.5 MA/cm2 at 77.3 K.

  2. Crystal structure, magnetic and electrical properties of compounds in the RCrMnO{sub 5} family (R = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Ho and Er) synthesized under high oxygen pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pomiro, Fernando; Miner, Elisa V.P.; Carbonio, Raul E. [INFIQC (CONICET - Universidad Nacional de Cordoba), Departamento de Fisicoquimica, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba (Argentina); Lohr, Javier; Sanchez, Rodolfo D. [Centro Atomico Bariloche, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica and Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); Nassif, Vivian [Institut Neel, CNRS et Universite Joseph Fourier, Grenoble (France)

    2015-10-15

    RCrMnO{sub 5} (R = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Ho, and Er) were synthesized at high O{sub 2} pressures and 900-950 C. Crystal structures were refined by using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and powder neutron diffraction (PND) for Tb, Ho, and Er compounds and PXRD for Sm, Eu and Gd compounds. All compounds were isostructural with RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5}. By using the bond-valence model we found that (Cr/Mn){sup 4+} mainly occupy the octahedral sites and (Cr/Mn){sup 3+} occupy the pyramidal sites. Antisite disorder between octahedral and pyramidal sites was found in the three samples analyzed by PND. From the values obtained for the occupancies of Cr and Mn in the pyramidal and octahedral sites and from the approximate average oxidation states for each crystallographic site obtained by the bond-valence calculations, an estimated ionic distribution model was proposed. The μ{sub eff} value for RCrMnO{sub 5} could be explained by considering the contribution of all the paramagnetic species and by using the ionic distribution model. No magnetic long-range order was observed by PND in R = Er, Ho, and Tb compounds. All the Curie-Weiss temperatures obtained from the magnetic susceptibility were negative (θ < 0), indicating antiferromagnetic correlations. For the compounds with Eu and Sm, θ close to -200 K were obtained for the Cr-Mn sublattice. The semiconducting properties could be described by a variable range hopping mechanism associated with antisite disorder of Cr/Mn. No dielectric transitions were observed in the electric permittivity in the measured temperature range. (Copyright copyright 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  3. A facile approach to synthesize SiO2 · Re2O3 (Re = Y, Eu, La, Sm, Tb, Pr) hollow sphere and its application in drug release

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhihua; Zhu, Lin; Liu, Qian; Du, Yu; Wang, Feng

    2013-10-01

    Multifunctional SiO2 · Re2O3 (Re = Y, Eu, La, Sm, Tb, Pr) hollow spheres (HSs) have been fabricated using an acidic Re3+ ion solution. Under ultraviolet radiation, functional HSs emit different colors of light according to the different rare-earth ions embedded into the shell of SiO2 hollow spheres. The as-prepared hollow capsules were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller method, scanning electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive spectrometry. Drug loading and release experiments have been carried out using SiO2 · Eu2O3 HSs that acted as drug carriers. The results demonstrate that the multifunctional HSs exhibit a high storage capacity and the ability of retaining drug stability and activity, which indicates that the as-synthesized fluorescent hollow capsules are a potential candidate as drug delivery materials.

  4. Visible and near-infrared intense luminescence from water-soluble lanthanide [Tb(III), Eu(III), Sm(III), Dy(III), Pr(III), Ho(III), Yb(III), Nd(III), Er(III)] complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quici, Silvio; Cavazzini, Marco; Marzanni, Giovanni; Accorsi, Gianluca; Armaroli, Nicola; Ventura, Barbara; Barigelletti, Francesco

    2005-02-07

    The synthesis of a new ligand (1) containing a single phenanthroline (phen) chromophore and a flexibly connected diethylenetriamine tetracarboxylic acid unit (DTTA) as a lanthanide (Ln) coordination site is reported [1 is 4-[(9-methyl-1,10-phenantrol-2-yl)methyl]-1,4,7-triazaheptane-1,1,7,7-tetraacetic acid]. From 1, an extended series of water-soluble Ln.1 complexes was obtained, where Ln is Eu(III), Tb(III), Gd(III), Sm(III), Dy(III), Pr(III), Ho(III), Yb(III), Nd(III), and Er(III). The stoichiometry for the association was found 1:1, with an association constant K(A) > or = 10(7) s(-1) as determined by employing luminescence spectroscopy. The luminescence and photophysical properties of the series of lanthanide complexes were investigated in both H2O and D2O solutions. High efficiencies for the sensitized emission, phi(se), in air-equilibrated water were observed for the Ln.1 complexes of Eu(III) and Tb(III) in the visible region (phi(se) = 0.24 and 0.15, respectively) and of Sm(III), Dy(III), Pr(III), Ho(III), Yb(III), Nd(III), and Er(III) in the vis and/or near-infrared region [phi(se) = 2.5 x 10(-3), 5 x 10(-4), 3 x 10(-5), 2 x 10(-5), 2 x 10(-4), 4 x 10(-5), and (in D2O) 4 x 10(-5), respectively]. For Eu.1 and Tb.1, luminescence data for water and deuterated water allowed us to estimate that no solvent molecules (q) are bound to the ion centers (q = 0). Luminescence quenching by oxygen was investigated in selected cases.

  5. A fluorescence study on the complexation of Sm(iii), Eu(iii) and Tb(iii) with tetraalkyldiglycolamides (TRDGA) in aqueous solution, in solid state, and in solvent extraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kou, Fei; Yang, Suliang; Qian, Hongjuan; Zhang, Lihua; Beavers, Christine M; Teat, Simon J; Tian, Guoxin

    2016-11-22

    Tetraalkyldiglycolamide (TRDGA) ligands have potential utilization for the separation of actinide and lanthanide ions in the nuclear industry as chelates in aqueous solution if water-soluble or as extractants in organic solvents if water-insoluble. Here, a spectral titration method is extensively applied to investigating the complexation of fluorescent Sm(iii), Eu(iii), and Tb(iii) with TRDGA ligands in aqueous solutions and a solvent extraction system. In aqueous solutions using N,N,N',N'-tetramethyldiglycolamide (TMDGA, LI) as chelate, three successive complex species of Ln(iii), including [LnLI]3+, [LnL]3+, and [LnL]3+, are identified for each Ln(iii) (Ln = Sm, Eu, and Tb), and their stability constants are determined with fluorescence spectral titration method at 25 °C in 1 M NaNO3. The coordination mode in [LnL]3+ is illustrated by single-crystal structures of the solid compounds LnL(ClO4)3 (Ln = Sm, Eu, Tb, and LI = TMDGA) grown from aqueous solutions by slow evaporation. The crystal structures show that in the complexes Ln(iii) ions are coordinated by nine oxygen atoms from three tridentate LI ligands in a distorted tricapped trigonal prism geometry. To provide parallels to solvent extraction chemistry, the extracted Ln(iii) complexes with N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-dioctyldiglycolamide (DMDODGA, LII, a lipophilic analogue of TMDGA) are prepared, and the fluorescence spectra are collected as well for comparison. The fluorescence spectra of the extracted Ln(iii) complexes with LII in an organic phase of 40-60% (v/v) n-octanol-kerosene are nearly identical to the corresponding deconvoluted spectra of [LnL]3+ in aqueous solution. The similarity in fluorescence spectra suggests that Ln(iii) ion in the extracted complexes is also coordinated by three tridentate LII ligands and that the nitrate anions acting just as counterions do not directly bond to Ln(iii) in the organic phase of solvent extraction.

  6. Highly-luminescent Eu,Sm,Mn-doped CaS up/down conversion nano-particles: application to ultra-sensitive latent fingerprint detection and in vivo bioimaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jikai; He, Ni; Zhu, Yanli; An, Zhengbin; Chen, Ping; Grimes, Craig A; Nie, Zhou; Cai, Qingyun

    2017-12-20

    Due to their unique properties, rare-earth doped upconversion luminescence (UCL) nanomaterials are of considerable scientific interest. Meanwhile, alkaline-earth sulfide materials based on a completely different electron trapping (ET) mechanism demonstrate extremely high UCL efficiencies, which are several dozens of times more than those of conventional fluoride UCL nanomaterials. However, the large particle size, easy hydrolysis, and difficulty in achieving uniform dispersion have precluded bioassay applications. Herein, we have synthesized super-bright Eu,Sm,Mn-doped CaS nanoparticles of ∼30 nm average particle size using a reverse microemulsion technique. The UCL quantum yield was up to nearly 60%. Modification of the nanoparticles with an organic layer allows their stable dispersion throughout aqueous solutions without significant loss of the fluorescence intensity. We demonstrate the application of the novel UCL materials to latent fingerprint detection, deep tissue imaging, and in vivo bioimaging.

  7. Brilliant blue in vitreoretinal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enaida, Hiroshi; Ishibashi, Tatsuro

    2008-01-01

    This paper reviews the preclinical effects of brilliant blue G (BBG) on the morphology and functions of the retina, and reports on a pilot study of BBG staining and subsequent peeling of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) during vitreoretinal surgery. BBG solution was injected into rat eyes and investigated using light microscopy and electron microscopy, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling staining, and electroretinography (ERG). No pathological changes were caused by the BBG intravitreous injection. Although electron microscopy revealed that high doses of BBG induced vacuolization in the inner retinal cells, there was no reduction in the amplitude of the ERG waves and no detectable toxic effects. In the primate eyes, the ILM was clearly visualized by BBG staining, and peeled off easily from the retina. In the clinical study, BBG improved visualization of the ILM, allowing peeling and surgery to be performed successfully on patients with various vitroretinal diseases. Improvement of postoperative visual acuity was obtained in most cases, and no adverse effects were observed postoperatively. In conclusion, BBG has low toxicity, high staining ability, and is easy to handle, making it a good candidate dye for visualizing vitreoretinal disease surgery without adverse effects.

  8. A facile approach to synthesize SiO2 · Re2O3 (Re = Y, Eu, La, Sm, Tb, Pr) hollow sphere and its application in drug release.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhihua; Zhu, Lin; Liu, Qian; Du, Yu; Wang, Feng

    2013-10-21

    Multifunctional SiO2 · Re2O3 (Re = Y, Eu, La, Sm, Tb, Pr) hollow spheres (HSs) have been fabricated using an acidic Re3+ ion solution. Under ultraviolet radiation, functional HSs emit different colors of light according to the different rare-earth ions embedded into the shell of SiO2 hollow spheres. The as-prepared hollow capsules were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller method, scanning electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive spectrometry. Drug loading and release experiments have been carried out using SiO2 · Eu2O3 HSs that acted as drug carriers. The results demonstrate that the multifunctional HSs exhibit a high storage capacity and the ability of retaining drug stability and activity, which indicates that the as-synthesized fluorescent hollow capsules are a potential candidate as drug delivery materials.

  9. In pursuit of the rhabdophane crystal structure: from the hydrated monoclinic LnPO{sub 4}.0.667H{sub 2}O to the hexagonal LnPO{sub 4} (Ln = Nd, Sm, Gd, Eu and Dy)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mesbah, Adel, E-mail: adel.mesbah@cea.fr [ICSM, UMR 5257 CNRS – CEA – ENSCM – Université de Montpellier, Site de Marcoule - Bât 426, BP 17171, 30207 Bagnols/Cèze (France); Clavier, Nicolas [ICSM, UMR 5257 CNRS – CEA – ENSCM – Université de Montpellier, Site de Marcoule - Bât 426, BP 17171, 30207 Bagnols/Cèze (France); Elkaim, Erik [Synchrotron SOLEIL, L' Orme des Merisiers, Saint-Aubin, BP 48, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Szenknect, Stéphanie; Dacheux, Nicolas [ICSM, UMR 5257 CNRS – CEA – ENSCM – Université de Montpellier, Site de Marcoule - Bât 426, BP 17171, 30207 Bagnols/Cèze (France)

    2017-05-15

    The dehydration process of the hydrated rhabdophane LnPO{sub 4}.0.667H{sub 2}O (Ln = La to Dy) was thoroughly studied over the combination of in situ high resolution synchrotron powder diffraction and TGA experiments. In the case of SmPO{sub 4}.0.667H{sub 2}O (monoclinic, C2), a first dehydration step was identified around 80 °C leading to the formation of SmPO{sub 4}.0.5H{sub 2}O (Monoclinic, C2) with Z =12 and a =17.6264(1) Å, b =6.9704(1) Å, c =12.1141(1) Å, β=133.74(1) °, V =1075.33(1) Å{sup 3}. In agreement with the TGA and dilatometry experiments, all the water molecules were evacuated above 220 °C yielding to the anhydrous form, which crystallizes in the hexagonal P3{sub 1}21 space group with a =7.0389(1) Å, c =6.3702(1) Å and V =273.34(1) Å{sup 3}. This study was extended to selected LnPO{sub 4}.0.667H{sub 2}O samples (Ln= Nd, Gd, Eu, Dy) and the obtained results confirmed the existence of two dehydration steps before the stabilization of the anhydrous form, with the transitory formation of LnPO{sub 4}.0.5H{sub 2}O. - Graphical abstract: The dehydration process of the rhabdophane SmPO{sub 4}.0.667H{sub 2}O was studied over combination of in situ high resolution synchrotron powder diffraction and TGA techniques, a first dehydration was identified around 80 °C leading to the formation of SmPO{sub 4}.0.5H{sub 2}O (Monoclinic, C2). Then above 220 °C, the anhydrous form of the rhabdophane SmPO{sub 4} was stabilized and crystallizes in the hexagonal P3{sub 1}21 space group. - Highlights: • In situ synchrotron powder diffraction was carried out during the dehydration of the rhabdopahe LnPO{sub 4}.0.667H{sub 2}O. • The heat of the rhabdophane LnPO{sub 4}.0.667H{sub 2}O leads to LnPO{sub 4}.0.5H{sub 2}O then to anhydrous rhabdophane LnPO{sub 4}. • LnPO{sub 4}.0.5H{sub 2}O (monoclinic, C2) and LnPO{sub 4} (Hexagonal, P3{sub 1}21) were solved over the use of direct methods.

  10. How to be Brilliant at Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Webber, Beryl

    2010-01-01

    How to be Brilliant at Algebra is contains 40 photocopiable worksheets designed to improve students' understanding of number relationships and patterns. They will learn about: odds and evens; patterns; inverse operations; variables; calendars; equations; pyramid numbers; digital root patterns; prime numbers; Fibonacci numbers; Pascal's triangle.

  11. A Brilliant Example for Women-Comments on My Brilliant Career

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Zhang, Xiuqing

    2014-01-01

    Based on the theory of American feminist critic Elaine Showalter,this paper analyzes a peculiar feature of early Australian novel My Brilliant Career and discovers that it spans three phases of Women’s Literature...

  12. A Brilliant Example for Women—Comments on My Brilliant Career

    OpenAIRE

    Xiuqing Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Based on the theory of American feminist critic Elaine Showalter,this paper analyzes a peculiar feature of early Australian novel My Brilliant Career and discovers that it spans three phases of Women’s Literature. Through her indefatigable strive for equality between men and women, independent personality and self-fulfillment, the bush girl Sybylla in the novel had set a brilliant example for today’s women.

  13. A Brilliant Example for Women—Comments on My Brilliant Career

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiuqing Zhang

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Based on the theory of American feminist critic Elaine Showalter,this paper analyzes a peculiar feature of early Australian novel My Brilliant Career and discovers that it spans three phases of Women’s Literature. Through her indefatigable strive for equality between men and women, independent personality and self-fulfillment, the bush girl Sybylla in the novel had set a brilliant example for today’s women.

  14. Synthesis and structure of a new family of 3d-4f heterometallic compounds Rb7LnFe6O2(PO4)8 (Ln=Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy): Magnetic properties of the Sm-, Gd-, Dy-derivatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanjeewa, Liurukara D.; Palmer West, J.; Hwu, Shiou-Jyh

    2012-08-01

    A new family of mixed lanthanide(III) and iron(III) oxo-phosphate phases, Rb7LnFe6O2(PO4)8 (Ln=Sm 1, Eu 2, Gd 3, Dy 4), was isolated by using a high-temperature, solid-state method in molten-salt media. The X-ray single-crystal structure analysis shows that these isomorphic derivatives crystallize in a triclinic space group P-1 (no. 2); Z=1. The 3-D framework of these 3d-4f oxo-phosphates are comprised of LnO6 octahedral, FeO5 trigonal bipyramidal (tbp), and μ3-oxo [Fe4O18] tetrameric units interconnected through PO4 tetrahedra. The preliminary results of the temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements for selected compounds (1, 3, 4) reveal antiferromagnetic-like behavior. 1 shows a weak antiferromagnetric ordering at TN=˜7 K while others show little evidence of long-range magnetic order down to 2 K. All three compounds have measured magnetic moments significantly smaller than the expected values.

  15. Synthesis of delafossite-derived phases, RCuO{sub 2+{delta}} with R=Y, La, Pr, Nd, Sm, and Eu, and observation of spin-gap-like behavior

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isawa, K.; Yaegashi, Y.; Komatsu, M.; Nagano, M.; Sudo, S. [Research and Development Center, Tohoku Electric Power Company, Incorporated, 2-1 Nakayama 7-chome, Aoba-ku, Sendai 981 (Japan); Karppinen, M.; Yamauchi, H. [Materials and Structures Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226 (Japan)

    1997-08-01

    The structural and physical properties of layered cuprates of a RCuO{sub 2} delafossite structure have been investigated for various rare-earth elements R: Y, La, Pr, Nd, Sm, and Eu. An oxygen-rich delafossite-derived phase, RCuO{sub 2+{delta}} ({delta}{ge}0.5), as previously reported by Cava {ital et al.} for R=Y and La was found for all the other R presently studied. Each as-sintered RCuO{sub 2} sample appeared to have a nearly stoichiometric oxygen content, but by thermal oxidation excess oxygen atoms corresponding to {delta}{ge}0.5 per formula unit could be loaded into the lattices. Although electrical resistivity ({rho}) of the oxygen-rich RCuO{sub 2+{delta}} samples exhibited semiconducting behavior at temperatures below 325 K a couple of samples showed anomalous temperature dependences in {rho} at low temperatures. Unusual temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibility ({chi}), was observed for Ca-doped YCuO{sub 2+{delta}} samples, but not for the other RCuO{sub 2+{delta}} phases. If the Curie term was subtracted from the susceptibility of (Y,Ca)CuO{sub 2+{delta}}, the remaining part of {chi} decreased monotonically with decreasing temperature down to {approximately}100K, and then leveled off with a finite value. Assuming that this finite value could be attributed to the Pauli paramagnetism of free carriers, the {chi} vs T characteristics were compared with those of other layered cuprates, such as SrCu{sub 2}O{sub 3}, (Sr,Ca){sub 14}Cu{sub 24}O{sub 41}, and (La,Sr)CuO{sub 2.5}, which have been reported to exhibit spin-gap behavior. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  16. How to be Brilliant at Mental Arithmetic

    CERN Document Server

    Webber, Beryl

    2010-01-01

    How to be Brilliant at Mental Arithmetic addresses the twin pillars of mental arithmetic - mental recall and mental agility. Mental recall depends on familiarity with number bonds and plenty of opportunity to practise. Mental agility depends more on confidence with the number system and the four operations. Using the worksheets in this book, students will learn about: tens and units; addition, subtraction, multiplication and division; addition shortcuts; product squares; quick recall; number se

  17. Brilliant Corners: Approaches to Jazz and Comics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Pillai

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The call for papers Brilliant Corners: Approaches to Jazz and Comics was published on 30 July 2015. In it, the editors made a public invitation for scholarship that proposed meeting points between the disciplines of jazz studies and comics studies. This editorial discusses the motivations for the collection, the editorial methodology, and the research articles included. Finally, the editors suggest some areas in which jazz studies and comics scholarship might address under-researched and fertile topics.

  18. How to be Brilliant at Numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Webber, Beryl

    2010-01-01

    How to be Brilliant at Numbers will help students to develop an understanding of numbers, place value, fractions and decimals. They will develop the language of number, and of the relationships between numbers. They will also use mathematics to solve problems and will develop mathematical reasoning. Using the worksheets in this book, pupils will learn about: ancient Greek numbers; coins; digits; consecutive numbers; magic ladders; fractions; matching pairs; multiples of 10; rounding; decimal un

  19. Epitaxial growth of an Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} buffer layer for EuBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} thin films by magnetron sputtering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kimura, Y. [Faculty of Engineering, Iwate University, Ueda 4-chome 3-5, Morioka-shi, Iwate 020-8551 (Japan)]. E-mail: t3304010@iwate-u.ac.jp; Ota, Y. [Faculty of Engineering, Iwate University, Ueda 4-chome 3-5, Morioka-shi, Iwate 020-8551 (Japan); Michikami, O. [Faculty of Engineering, Iwate University, Ueda 4-chome 3-5, Morioka-shi, Iwate 020-8551 (Japan)

    2006-10-01

    Fabrication of EBCO thin films with a high critical current density (J {sub c}) on an Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} buffer layer was carried out. The J {sub c} values were influenced by surface roughness (R {sub z}) of Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} and EBCO films. To reduce R {sub z} of Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} buffer layers, the effect of target-substrate distance (D {sub off}) on surface morphology was examined. The critical temperature (T {sub ce}) was always almost 90 K regardless of D {sub off} in the Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} buffer layer deposition. The J {sub c} values of EBCO thin films deposited on Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} buffer layers with a smooth surface were 6.4 MA/cm{sup 2} at 77.3 K.

  20. Polyoxopalladates encapsulating yttrium and lanthanide ions, [X(III)Pd(II)12(AsPh)8O32]5- (X=Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barsukova, Maria; Izarova, Natalya V; Biboum, Rosa Ngo; Keita, Bineta; Nadjo, Louis; Ramachandran, Vasanth; Dalal, Naresh S; Antonova, Nadya S; Carbó, Jorge J; Poblet, Josep M; Kortz, Ulrich

    2010-08-09

    A series of novel yttrium- and lanthanide-containing heteropolyoxopalladates have been prepared and isolated as hydrated sodium salts, Na(5)[X(III)Pd(II)(12)(AsPh)(8)O(32)]y H(2)O (X=Y (1), Pr (2), Nd (3), Sm (4), Eu (5), Gd (6), Tb (7), Dy (8), Ho (9), Er (10), Tm (11), Yb (12), Lu (13); y=15-27). The polyanions [X(III)Pd(II)(12)(AsPh)(8)O(32)](5-) consist of a cuboid framework of twelve Pd(II) ions with eight phenylarsonate heterogroups located at the vertices and a central guest ion X. The compounds 1-13 have been prepared in a simple one-pot self-assembly reaction of Pd(CH(3)COO)(2), phenylarsonic acid and the respective salt of the element X in 0.5 M aqueous sodium acetate solution (pH 6.9), and characterized in the solid state by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental and thermogravimetric (TGA) analyses, and IR spectroscopy. It was demonstrated that small, medium, and also large lanthanide ions can be incorporated in the center of the novel heteropolypalladate [X(III)Pd(II)(12)(AsPh)(8)O(32)](5-). The Ln-O bond lengths follow the expected trend decreasing from left to right in the lanthanide series. This indicates that the {Pd(II)(12)O(32)} shell can adjust to the coordination requirements of the encapsulated guest cation. Compounds 3 and 5 were selected for electrochemical studies. Their cyclic voltammetry in a lithium acetate buffer at pH 5.9 showed a Pd(0) deposition process on the glassy carbon electrode surface. Coulometry indicated that all Pd(II) centers were reduced to Pd(0). The film was stable and could be taken out of the deposition medium and characterized in pure pH 5.9 buffer. Magnetic susceptibility and EPR measurements were carried out on 5 and 6. The former was confirmed to be diamagnetic and the latter strongly paramagnetic with a S=7/2 ground state. DFT calculations for some of the polyoxometalates have been also performed.

  1. A Brilliant Example for Women--Comments on "My Brilliant Career"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiuqing

    2014-01-01

    Based on the theory of American feminist critic Elaine Showalter, this paper analyzes a peculiar feature of early Australian novel "My Brilliant Career" and discovers that it spans three phases of Women's Literature. Through her indefatigable strive for equality between men and women, independent personality and self-fulfillment, the…

  2. Fokus på små selskaber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neville, Mette

    1997-01-01

    Nationalt såvel som internationalt er små selskaber med begrænset ansvar (anpartsselskaber) begyndt at påkalde sig opmærksomhed. I mange EU-medlemsstater, herunder Danmark søges lovgivningen i disse år tilpasset de små virksomheder behov. Dette sker i erkendelse af, at den eksisterende selskabslo...

  3. How to be a brilliant English teacher

    CERN Document Server

    Wright, Trevor

    2012-01-01

    Now in its second edition, Trevor Wright's hugely popular How to be a Brilliant English Teacher is packed with practical advice drawn from his extensive and successful experience as an English teacher, examiner and teacher trainer. This accessible and readable guide offers sound theoretical principles with exciting practical suggestions for the classroom. Fully updated to include a new expanded section on differentiation and inclusion, as well as covering new material on behaviour management and teaching poetry for enjoyment and personal response, this book tackles other tricky areas such as: Starting with Shakespeare Effective planning and assessment Learning to love objectives Working small texts and big texts Drama. Trainee teachers will find support and inspiration in this book and practising English teachers can use it as an empowering self-help guide for improving their skills. Trevor Wright addresses many of the anxieties that English teachers face, offering focused and realistic solutions.

  4. Solvothermal synthesis and spectroscopic characterization of three lanthanide complexes with high luminescent properties [H2NMe2]3[Ln(III)(2,6-pyridinedicarboxylate)3] (Ln = Sm, Eu, Tb): In the presence of 4,4‧-Bipyridyl

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viveros-Andrade, Alan G.; Colorado-Peralta, Raúl; Flores-Alamo, Marcos; Castillo-Blum, Silvia E.; Durán-Hernández, Jesús; Rivera, José María

    2017-10-01

    Three lanthanide complexes, [H2NMe2]3[Ln(III)(2,6-pyridinedicarboxylate)3] (Ln = Sm, Eu, Tb) have been successfully synthesized using a solvothermal method in the presence of a base and they were prepared from inexpensive and readily available reactants. Infrared, ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopies, elemental analyses and thermogravimetric analysis were employed for the characterization. Crystals suitable for X-ray diffraction were isolated in good yields by a simple filtration, their crystal structures were analyzed; the samarium structure has orthorhombic symmetry with space group Pbcn, exhibiting three-dimensional supramolecular architecture through hydrogen bonding interactions. The metal center is coordinated to nine atoms corresponding to three pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid molecules. These compounds are thermally stable up to 270 °C.

  5. Chirality and polarity in the f-block borates M{sub 4}[B{sub 16}O{sub 26}(OH){sub 4}(H{sub 2}O){sub 3}Cl{sub 4}] (M=Sm, Eu, Gd, Pu, Am, Cm, and Cf)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polinski, Matthew J.; Pace, Kristen A.; Stritzinger, Jared T.; Lin, Jian; Cross, Justin N.; Cary, Samantha K.; Albrecht-Schmitt, Thomas E. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL (United States); Van Cleve, Shelley M. [Nuclear Materials Processing Group, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Alekseev, Evgeny V. [Institute for Energy and Climate Research (IEK-6), Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (Germany); Institut fur Kristallographie, Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule University, Aachen (Germany)

    2014-08-04

    The reactions of trivalent lanthanides and actinides with molten boric acid in high chloride concentrations result in the formation of M{sub 4}[B{sub 16}O{sub 26}(OH){sub 4}(H{sub 2}O){sub 3}Cl{sub 4}] (M=Sm, Eu, Gd, Pu, Am, Cm, Cf). This cubic structure type is remarkably complex and displays both chirality and polarity. The polymeric borate network forms helical features that are linked via two different types of nine-coordinate f-element environments. The f-f transitions are unusually intense and result in dark coloration of these compounds with actinides. (copyright 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  6. The effect of Ca doping on the superconductivity of (R sub 0 sub . sub 4 Pr sub 0 sub . sub 6)Ba sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7 sub - subdelta compounds prepared at high pressure (R = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd and Y)

    CERN Document Server

    Yao Yu Shu; Che Guang Can; Ni Yong Ming; Liu Zhen Xing; Jia Shun Lian; Dong Cheng; Zhao Zhong Xian

    2002-01-01

    The nearly single phase (R sub 0 sub . sub 4 Pr sub 0 sub . sub 6) sub 0 sub . sub 5 Ca sub 0 sub . sub 5 Ba sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7 sub - subdelta (R = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd and Y) superconducting compounds should be prepared at high temperature and high pressure. The critical temperature of these compounds is over 100 K which is much higher than that of the traditional R-123 superconductors which do not have Ca doping on the rare-earth site. Our results shows that Pr behaves in the same way as other rare-earths in the 123-phase compounds due to the doping with Ca ions.

  7. Determinación del coeficiente piroeléctrico del sistema ferroeléctrico cerámico de Pb0.88Ln0.08Ti0.98Mn0.02O3 (Ln=La, Sm, Eu y su aplicación en detectores de infrarrojo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suaste-Gómez, E.

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work the dielectric and pyroelectric characteristics of the ferroelectric ceramic system of Pb0.88(Ln0.08Ti0.98Mn0.02O3 (Ln = La, Sm, Eu are studied in order to determine its usefulness as infrared dectectors. Dielectric constant and pyroelectric coefficient of the ceramics were determined. This material with perovskite structure presented a phase transition from tetragonal to cubic on the heating process, besides of presenting high values of dielectric constant. Values of figure of merit for infrared detection Rv=pi/εr were calculated. The results were compared with other materials used as infrared detectors.En este trabajo se estudian las características dieléctricas y piroeléctricas del sistema ferroléctrico cerámico de Pb0.88(Ln0.08Ti0.98 Mn0.02O3 (Ln = La, Sm, Eu para determinar su utilidad como detectores de infrarrojo. Se determinó la constante dieléctrica y el coeficiente piroeléctrico de las cerámicas. Este material con estructura de perovskita presentó una transición de fase tetragonal a cúbica en el proceso de calentamiento, además de presentar altos valores de la constante dieléctrica. Se obtuvieron valores de la figura de mérito para detección infrarroja Rv=pi/εr Los resultados se compararon con otros materiales usados como detectores de infrarrojo.

  8. Effect of a multi-buffer layer (Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}/CeO{sub 2}) on the superconducting properties of an EuBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} thin film

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ota, Y. [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Iwate University, 4-3-5 Ueda, Morioka, Iwate 020-8551 (Japan)]. E-mail: t5304002@iwate-u.ac.jp; Kimura, Y. [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Iwate University, 4-3-5 Ueda, Morioka, Iwate 020-8551 (Japan); Michikami, O. [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Iwate University, 4-3-5 Ueda, Morioka, Iwate 020-8551 (Japan)

    2005-10-01

    In order to suppress the influence of facets, annealing of a thick CeO{sub 2} film and insertion of a Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} buffer layer were carried out. Annealing of R-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} with a 200-nm-thick CeO{sub 2} buffer layer at 1000 deg. C for 3 h resulted in improvement in the surface morphology and crystallinity of the buffer layer. However, microcracks were observed on the surface of the CeO{sub 2} film, and EuBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} (EBCO) thin films directly deposited on annealed substrates exhibited T {sub ce}'s of about 84 K or lower. By depositing 100-nm-thick Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} second buffer layers on annealed CeO{sub 2}, EBCO thin films exhibited T {sub ce}'s of 90.1 K and J {sub c}'s of 5.5 MA/cm{sup 2} at 77.3 K.

  9. Rare-earth tricyanomelaminates [NH(4)]Ln[HC(6)N(9)](2)[H(2)O](7)H(2)O (Ln=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy): structural investigation, solid-state NMR spectroscopy, and photoluminescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nag, Abanti; Lotsch, Bettina V; Schmedt Auf der Günne, Jörn; Oeckler, Oliver; Schmidt, Peter J; Schnick, Wolfgang

    2007-01-01

    The rare-earth tricyanomelaminates, [NH(4)]Ln[HC(6)N(9)](2)[H(2)O](7)xH(2)O (LnTCM; Ln=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy), have been synthesized through ion-exchange reactions. They have been characterized by powder as well as single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, vibrational spectroscopy, and solid-state (1)H, (13)C, and (15)N MAS NMR spectroscopy. The X-ray powder pattern common to all nine rare-earth tricyanomelaminates LnTCM (Ln=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy) indicates that they are isostructural. The single-crystal X-ray diffraction pattern of LnTCM is indicative of non-merohedral twinning. The crystals are triclinic and separation of the twin domains as well as refinement of the structure were successfully carried out in the space group P1 for LaTCM (LaTCM; P1, Z=2, a=7.1014(14), b=13.194(3), c=13.803(3) A, alpha=90.11(3), beta=77.85(3), gamma=87.23(3) degrees , V=1262.8(4) A(3)). In the crystal structure, each Ln(3+) is surrounded by two nitrogen atoms from two crystallographically independent tricyanomelaminate moieties and seven oxygen atoms from crystal water molecules. The positions of all of the hydrogen atoms of the ammonium ions and water molecules could not be located from difference Fourier syntheses. The presence of [NH(4)](+) ions as well as two NH groups belonging to two crystallographically independent monoprotonated tricyanomelaminate moieties has only been confirmed by subjecting LaTCM to solid-state (1)H, (13)C, and (15)N{(1)H} cross-polarization (CP) MAS NMR and advanced CP experiments such as cross-polarization combined with polarization inversion (CPPI). The (1)H 2D double-quantum single-quantum homonuclear correlation (DQ SQ) spectrum and the (15)N{(1)H} 2D CP heteronuclear-correlation (HETCOR) spectrum have revealed the hydrogen-bonded (N--HN) dimer of monoprotonated tricyanomelaminate moieties as well as H-bonding through [NH(4)](+) ions and H(2)O molecules. The structures of the other eight rare-earth tricyanomelaminates (Ln

  10. Småhuse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch-Andersen, Jørgen

    Denne SBI-anvisning indeholder vejledning om dimensionering og udførelse af almindelige småhuse med indtil 2 etager i overensstemmelse med kravene i Bygningsreglement for småhuse, 1998. Anvisningen behandler varmeisolering, fugtisolering, lydisolering, brand, vådrum, indeklima samt styrke og...

  11. Kinetics and Mechanism of the Oxidation of Coomassie Brilliant Blue ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NICOLAAS

    order kinetics, the oxidation of the dye occurred ... coloured and polluted.1 In this communication we focus on the degradation of Brilliant Blue-R ... water.10 We have also reported the oxidation kinetics and mecha- nisms of reactions of triaryl11 ...

  12. Kinetics and Mechanism of the Oxidation of Coomassie Brilliant Blue ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NICOLAAS

    , Private. Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa. *Corresponding author: jonnalagaddas@ukzn.ac.za. Supplementary information: S. Afr. J. Chem., 2015, 68, 85–92. Figure S1. 1H NMR spectrum for brilliant blue-R major oxidation product.

  13. Synthesis, luminescence and nonlinear optical properties of homoleptic tetracyanamidogermanates ARE[Ge(CN{sub 2}){sub 4}] (A = K, Cs, and RE = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dolabdjian, Konstantin; Schedel, Christine; Meyer, Hans-Juergen [Abteilung fuer Festkoerperchemie und Theoretische Anorganische Chemie, Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, Universitaet Tuebingen (Germany); Enseling, David; Juestel, Thomas [Fachbereich Chemieingenieurwesen, FH Muenster, Steinfurt (Germany)

    2017-04-04

    Two new series of tetracyanamidogermanates were prepared by solid-state reaction of appropriate amounts of REF{sub 3} (RE = rare earth), A{sub 2}[GeF{sub 6}] (A = alkaline), and Li{sub 2}(CN{sub 2}) in evacuated silica tubes. Powder X-ray diffraction patterns of crystalline samples of KRE[Ge(CN{sub 2}){sub 4}] and CsRE[Ge(CN{sub 2}){sub 4}] were indexed isotypically to KRE[Si(CN{sub 2}){sub 4}] and RbRE[Ge(CN{sub 2}){sub 4}], respectively. Luminescence properties of Ce{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, and Tb{sup 3+} doped compounds and non-linear optical properties (NLO) of KRE[Ge(CN{sub 2}){sub 4}] are reported. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  14. Origin of Blue-Green Emission in α-Zn2P2O7and Local Structure of Ln3+Ion in α-Zn2P2O7:Ln3+(Ln = Sm, Eu): Time-Resolved Photoluminescence, EXAFS, and DFT Measurements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Santosh Kumar; Ghosh, Partha Sarathi; Yadav, Ashok Kumar; Jha, Shambhu Nath; Bhattacharyya, Dibyendu; Kadam, Ramakant Mahadeo

    2017-01-03

    Considering the fact that pyrophosphate-based hosts are in high demand for making highly efficient luminescence materials, we doped two visible lanthanide ions, viz. Sm 3+ and Eu 3+ , in Zn 2 P 2 O 7 . Interestingly, it was oberved that pure Zn 2 P 2 O 7 displayed blue-green dual emission on irradiation with ultraviolet light. Emission and lifetime spectroscopy shows the presence of defects in pyrophosphate samples which are responsible for such emission. DFT calculations clearly pinpointed that the electronic transitions between defect states located at just below the conduction band minimum (arises due to V O 1+ and V O 2+ defects) and valence band maximum, as well as impurity states situated in the band gap, can lead to dual emission in the blue-green region, as is also indicated by emission and lifetime spectra. X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) shows the stabilization of europium as well as samarium ion in the +3 oxidation state in α-Zn 2 P 2 O 7 . The fact that α-Zn 2 P 2 O 7 has two different coordination numbers for zinc ions, i.e. five- and six-coordinate, the study of dopant ion distribution in this particular matrix will be an important step in realizing a highly efficient europium- and samarium-based red-emitting phosphor. Time resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) shows that both of these ions are heterogeneously distributed between five- and six-coordinated Zn 2+ sites and it is the six-coordinated Zn 2+ site which is the most favorable for lanthanide ion doping. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements also suggested that a six-coordinated zinc ion is the preferred site occupied by trivalent lanthanide ions, which is in complete agreement with TRPL results. It was observed that there is almost complete transfer of photon energy from Zn 2 P 2 O 7 to Eu 3+ , whereas this transfer is inefficient and almost incomplete in case of Sm 3+ , which is indeed important information for the realization of pyrophosphate

  15. Metal-insulator transitions, structural and microstructural evolution of RNiO{sub 3} (R = Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Y) perovskites: Evidence for room-temperature charge disproportionation in monoclinic HoNiO{sub 3} and YNiO{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso, J.A.; Martinez-Lope, M.J.; Casais, M.T.; Arangda, M.A.G.; Fernandez-Diaz, M.T. [C.S.I.C., Madrid (Spain). Inst. de Ciencia de Materiales]|[Univ. de Malaga (Spain). Dept. de Quimica Inorganica, Cristalografia y Mineralogia]|[Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble (France)

    1999-05-26

    RNiO{sub 3} nickelates have been prepared under high oxygen pressure (R = Sm, Eu, Gd) or high hydrostatic pressure (R = Dy, Ho, Y) in the presence of KClO{sub 4}. The samples have been investigated at room temperature (RT) by synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction to follow the evolution of the crystal structures and microstructures along the series. The distortion of the orthorhombic (space group Pbnm) perovskite progressively increases along the series, leading for the smallest Ho{sup 3+} and Y{sup 3+} cations to a subtle monoclinic distortion (space group P2{sub 1}/n) which implies the splitting of the Ni positions in the crystal. This symmetry was confirmed by neutron powder diffraction; the crystal structures for R = Ho and Y were refined simultaneously from RT synchrotron and neutron powder diffraction data. In both perovskites the oxygen octahedra around Ni1 and Ni2 positions are significantly distorted, suggesting the manifestation of Jahn-Teller effect, which is almost absent in the nickelates` of lighter rare earths. The very distinct mean Ni-O bond distances observed for Ni1 and Ni2 atoms at RT, in the insulating regime, suggest the presence of a charge disproportionation effect, considered as driving force for the splitting of the Ni positions. The metal-insulator (MI) transitions for RNiO{sub 3} (R = Gd, Dy, Ho, Y), above room temperature, have been characterized by DSC. The transition temperatures for Gd, Dy, Ho, and Y oxides in the heating runs are 510.7, 563.9, 572.7, and 581.9 K, respectively. The increasing rate of T{sub MI} for Dy, Ho, and Y materials is lower than that expected from the variation of T{sub MI} for the larger rare earth perovskites. This is probably related to the subtle monoclinic distortion found for Ho and Y nickelates. The high-resolution synchrotron X-ray powder patterns have revealed changes in the microstructure along the series. Powder patterns for orthorhombic RNiO{sub 3} (R = Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy) display asymmetric tails for

  16. Facile synthesis, structural and spectroscopic properties of GdF{sub 3}:Ce{sup 3+}, Ln{sup 3+} (Ln{sup 3+}=Sm{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanocrystals with bright multicolor luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grzyb, Tomasz; Runowski, Marcin; Lis, Stefan, E-mail: blis@amu.edu.pl

    2014-10-15

    Hexagonal gadolinium fluorides doped with Ce{sup 3+} ions and co-doped with Sm{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} or Dy{sup 3+} were successfully synthesized via a simple co-precipitation approach, in the presence of glycerin as a capping agent. These fluorides, as solids or in aqueous solutions, showed intense, multicolored luminescence depending on the lanthanide ions used. The structures of the products were confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). The morphologies of the synthesized nanophosphors were examined using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The TEM results showed that the crystallites had shapes that varied with the dopant ion used. The spectroscopic properties: excitation spectra, emission spectra and luminescence decays were recorded and studied in detail. Bright luminescences from all of the products were triggered by effective energy transfer between the ions embedded in their structures. The mechanism for this phenomenon was also proposed. All of the synthesized products formed stable aqueous colloids, exhibiting brightly multicolored luminescence under UV light irradiation. - Highlights: • Hexagonal GdF{sub 3}:Ce{sup 3+}, Ln{sup 3+} nanocrystals were synthesized by a co-precipitation method. • Nanocrystals formed stable water colloids. • Multicolor luminescence under UV light was observed. • Energy transfer mechanism between Gd{sup 3+}, Ce{sup 3+} and Ln{sup 3+} ions was proposed.

  17. L-shell X-ray production cross sections of Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, and Dy by impact of {sup 14}N{sup 2+} ions with energies between 7.0 MeV and 10.5 MeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murillo, G.; Méndez, B.; López-Monroy, J. [Departamento de Aceleradores, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carr. México-Toluca S/N, Ocoyoacac, Edo. Méx. 52750 (Mexico); Miranda, J., E-mail: miranda@fisica.unam.mx [Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, A.P. 20-364, México, Cd. Mx. 01000 (Mexico); Villaseñor, P. [Departamento de Aceleradores, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carr. México-Toluca S/N, Ocoyoacac, Edo. Méx. 52750 (Mexico)

    2016-09-15

    Highlights: • A new data set of L X-ray production cross sections by nitrogen ion impact is given. • The target elements have atomic numbers in the range 58–66 (lanthanoids). • A universal scaling as function of a reduced velocity variable is applied. • The eCPSSR model with EC and MI corrections gives very good results. - Abstract: L-shell X-ray production cross sections from the lanthanoid elements Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, and Dy, induced by the impact of {sup 14}N{sup 2+} ions with energies in the interval 7.0 MeV to 10.5 MeV (0.50 MeV/μ to 0.75 MeV/μ), were measured and then compared with theoretical calculations obtained with the ECPSSR model with exact limits of integration (eCPSSR) and related corrections. These include the electron capture by the incoming ion and multiple ionizations of higher shells. Data from this work were contrasted with previously published L X-ray production cross sections for {sup 14}N{sup 2+} ion impact. As with other ions, a universal behavior is found when L{sub α} and L{sub γ} X-ray production cross sections are plotted as a function of reduced velocity parameters. The agreement with theoretical predictions was very good when the corrections were applied to the eCPSSR model.

  18. Properties of the (Sm sub 0 sub . sub 3 sub 3 Eu sub 0 sub . sub 3 sub 3 Gd sub 0 sub . sub 3 sub 3)Ba sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub y superconductor prepared by different processes in air

    CERN Document Server

    Giovannelli, F; Monot-Laffez, I

    2003-01-01

    Bars and pellets of the (Sm sub 0 sub . sub 3 sub 3 Eu sub 0 sub . sub 3 sub 3 Gd sub 0 sub . sub 3 sub 3)Ba sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub x superconductor were processed in air, using the floating zone method and the top-seeded melt-textured growth method, respectively. The samples were prepared using different experimental conditions, i.e. maximal processing temperature, translation rate or cooling rate. Their physical properties and their microstructure were studied. All the samples exhibit a satisfying superconducting transition whereas the critical current density greatly depends on the processing parameters. The sample prepared by the floating zone method at 1070 deg C with a translation rate of 2 mm h sup - sup 1 exhibits a very high J sub c value of 70000 A cm sup - sup 2 in the self-field and more than 30000 A cm sup - sup 2 at 1.7 T. The pellet processed at 1080 deg C with a cooling rate of 2 deg C h sup - sup 1 has a high J sub c reaching about 56000 A cm sup - sup 2 in the self-field and more than 32000 A ...

  19. Sulfate Exchange of the Nitrate-Type Layered Hydroxide Nanosheets of Ln2(OH)5NO3· nH2O for Better Dispersed and Multi-color Luminescent Ln2O3 Nanophosphors (Ln = Y0.98RE0.02, RE = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xiaoli; Liu, Weigang; Li, Ji-Guang; Zhu, Qi; Li, Xiaodong; Sun, Xudong

    2016-07-01

    Through restricting thickness growth by performing coprecipitation at the freezing temperature of ~4 °C, solid-solution nanosheets (up to 5-nm thick) of the Ln2(OH)5NO3· nH2O layered hydroxide (Ln = Y0.98RE0.02; RE = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm, respectively) were directly synthesized without performing conventional exfoliation. In situ exchange of the interlayer NO3 - with SO4 2- produced a sulfate derivative [Ln2(OH)5(SO4)0.5· nH2O] of the same layered structure and two-dimensional crystallite morphology but substantially contracted d 002 basal spacing (from ~0.886 to 0.841 nm). The sulfate derivative was systematically compared against its nitrate parent in terms of crystal structure and phase/morphology evolution upon heating. It is shown that the interlayer SO4 2-, owing to its bonding with the hydroxide main layer, significantly raises the decomposition temperature from ~600 to 1000 °C to yield remarkably better dispersed oxide nanopowders via a monoclinic Ln2O2SO4 intermediate. The resultant (Y0.98RE0.02)2O3 nanophosphors were studied for their photoluminescence to show that the emission color, depending on RE3+, spans a wide range in the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity diagram, from blue to deep red via green, yellow, orange, and orange red.

  20. The Value of Hitler’s Brilliant Generals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Wehrmacht generals such as Field Marshal Erich von Manstein or General Heinz Guderian connotes an aura of brilliance and honor in the conduct of German...Press, 2008), 41. 6 Heinz Guderian . Panzer Leader (New York, NY: DeCapo Press, 2002) 249. The Value of Hitler’s Brilliant Generals Patrick Long 8...military operations on the Eastern Front. Within their memoirs, both Manstein and Guderian contend that plans and operations throughout the war would

  1. EU Enlargement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Peder J.; Pytlikova, Mariola

    We look at migration flows from 8 Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) to 5 Nordic countries over the years 1985 - 2005 and we can exploit a natural experiment that arose from the fact that while Sweden opened its labour market from the day one of the 2004 EU enlargement, the other Nordic...... are interested in the overall effect of the "EU entry" on migration. Therefore we look at migration flows from CEECs during the first round EU enlargement towards CEECs in 2004 and compare them with migration flows from Bulgaria and Romania. We again used a DD estimator in our analysis. The estimated effect...... countries chose a transition period in relation to the "new" EU members. We employ a differences-in-differences estimator in our analysis. The results show that the estimated effect of the opening of Swedish labour market in 2004 on migration is insignificantly different from zero. Further, we...

  2. Synthesis, structures, and luminescent properties of sodium rare-earth metal(III) chloride oxotellurates(IV), Na{sub 2}Ln{sub 3}Cl{sub 3}[TeO{sub 3}]{sub 4} (Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, and Ho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Charkin, Dmitri O.; Dorofeev, Sergey G.; Berdonosov, Peter S.; Dolgikh, Valery A. [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian Federation); Zitzer, Sabine; Greiner, Stefan; Schleid, Thomas [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, Universitaet Stuttgart (Germany); Olenev, Andrei V. [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian Federation); Sine Theta Ltd., Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2017-11-17

    Six sodium rare-earth metal(III) chloride oxotellurates(IV), Na{sub 2}Ln{sub 3}Cl{sub 3}[TeO{sub 3}]{sub 4}, isostructural to Na{sub 2}Y{sub 3}Cl{sub 3}[TeO{sub 3}]{sub 4}, were synthesized by flux techniques and characterized by single-crystal XRD. The compounds crystallize in the monoclinic space group C2/c with lattice constants a = 23.967(1), b = 5.6342(3), c = 16.952(1) Aa, β = 134.456(5) for Ln = Sm, a = 23.932(2), b = 5.6044(5), c = 17.134(1) Aa, β = 135.151(6) for Ln = Eu, a = 23.928(1), b = 5.5928(1), c = 17.1133(8) Aa, β = 135.366(3) for Ln = Gd, a = 23.907(1), b = 5.569(3), c = 16.745(1) Aa, β = 134.205(3) for Ln = Tb, a = 23.870(1), b = 5.547(3), c = 16.665(1) Aa, β = 134.102(3) for Ln = Dy, and a = 23.814(1), b = 5.526(3), c = 16.626(1) Aa, β = 134.016(3) for Ln = Ho and Z = 4. Their crystal structure can be considered as a framework built of intergrowing Ln-O and Na-(O,Cl) slabs with channel walls decorated by tellurium atoms of [TeO{sub 3}]{sup 2-} groups. The luminescent properties of the new compounds due to the Ln{sup 3+} cations are described and discussed. We also discuss the crystal chemistry of various alkali-metal rare-earth metal(III) halide oxochalcogenates(IV). (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  3. Synthesis, structural characterization and Mössbauer study of LnV{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5}O{sub 3} perovskites (Ln = Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ivashita, Flávio F.; Biondo, Valdecir; Bellini, Jusmar V.; Paesano, Andrea [Departamento de Física, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Av. Colombo 5790, 87.020-900 Maringá, PR (Brazil); Blanco, M. Cecilia; Fuertes, Valeria C.; Pannunzio-Miner, Elisa V. [INFIQC-CONICET, Departamento de Fisicoquímica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, X5000HUA Córdoba (Argentina); Carbonio, Raúl E., E-mail: carbonio@fcq.unc.edu.ar [INFIQC-CONICET, Departamento de Fisicoquímica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, X5000HUA Córdoba (Argentina)

    2012-09-15

    Graphical abstract: Mössbauer spectra taken at 200 K for the Y(V{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5})O{sub 3} orthoferrivanadate synthesized by arc-melting. Highlights: ► LnFe{sub 0.5}V{sub 0.5}O{sub 3} were synthesized by the first time for most of the rare-earth elements. ► These orthoferrivanadates crystallize metastably with the perovskite structure. ► Iron and vanadium are trivalent stabilized in these solid solutions. ► The Mössbauer quadrupolar splitting is correlated with the tolerance factor. ► Below 100 K, these perovskites undergo a crystallographic phase transformation. -- Abstract: Perovskites LnV{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5}O{sub 3} (Ln = Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er) were synthesized by rapid solidification from arc-melted samples and characterized by the study of their crystal structure and hyperfine properties. These metastable solid solutions crystallized in the Pbnm symmetry, with the iron and vanadium cations randomly distributed in the transition metal octahedral sites. Depending on the lanthanide present at the A site of the perovskite, iron is present with two valences (i.e., Fe{sup 3+} and Fe{sup 2+}). The volume of the unit cell for these perovskites increases linearly with the lanthanide ionic radius, as the perovskite approaches its ideal structure. At room temperature, the quadrupolar splitting of the trivalent paramagnetic Mössbauer component works as an indirect measurement for the Goldshmidt tolerance factor. Close to or below 100 K, these perovskites undergo a crystallographic phase transformation, probably due to orbital ordering of the V{sup 3+} cations, originating two different magnetic iron sites.

  4. Synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties of novel 2D kagome materials RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Mg{sub 2}O{sub 14} (RE = La, Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Ho): Comparison to RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}O{sub 14} family

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanders, M.B.; Baroudi, K.M.; Krizan, J.W.; Mukadam, O.A.; Cava, R.J. [Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ (United States)

    2016-10-15

    The crystal structures and magnetic properties of RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Mg{sub 2}O{sub 14} (RE = La, Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Ho) with a perfect kagome lattice are presented and compared to RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}O{sub 14}. Rietveld structure refinements were performed using X-ray diffraction data, indicating that the layered compounds are fully structurally ordered. The compounds crystallize in a rhombohedral supercell of the cubic pyrochlore structure, in the space group R-3m. Magnetic susceptibility measurements show no signs of magnetic ordering above 2 K. The RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Mg{sub 2}O{sub 14} family is similar to that of RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}O{sub 14}; however, the series reported here features a fully ordered distribution of cations in both the nonmagnetic antimony and magnetic rare earth kagome lattices. Unlike the offsite disorder that Zn{sup 2+} experiences in RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}O{sub 14}, the magnesium sites in RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Mg{sub 2}O{sub 14} are completely ordered. Here we compare the magnetic properties in both series of kagome compounds to determine how significant Zn{sup 2+}'s positional ordering is within this structure type. The compounds reported here appear to be relatively defect-free and are therefore model systems for investigating magnetic frustration on an ideal 2D rare earth kagome lattice. (copyright 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  5. Europe Unveils 20-Year Plan for Brilliant Future in Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-01

    Astronomy is enjoying a golden age of fundamental, exciting discoveries. Europe is at the forefront, thanks to 50 years of progress in cooperation. To remain ahead over the next two to three decades, Europe must prioritise and coordinate the investment of its financial and human resources even more closely. The ASTRONET network, backed by the entire European scientific community, supported by the European Commission, and coordinated by the CNRS, today presents its Roadmap for a brilliant future for European astronomy. ESO's European Extremely Large Telescope is ranked as one of two top-priority large ground-based projects. Astronet and the E-ELT ESO PR Photo 43a/08 The E-ELT Europe is a leader in astronomy today, with the world's most successful optical observatory, ESO's Very Large Telescope, and cutting-edge facilities in radio astronomy and in space. In an unprecedented effort demonstrating the potential of European scientific cooperation, all of European astronomy is now joining forces to define the scientific challenges for the future and construct a common plan to address them in a cost-effective manner. In 2007, a top-level Science Vision was prepared to assess the most burning scientific questions over the next quarter century, ranging from dark energy to life on other planets. European astronomy now presents its Infrastructure Roadmap, a comprehensive 20-year plan to coordinate national and community investments to meet these challenges in a cost-effective manner. The Roadmap not only prioritises the necessary new frontline research facilities from radio telescopes to planetary probes, in space and on the ground, but also considers such key issues as existing facilities, human resources, ICT infrastructure, education and outreach, and cost -- of operations as well as construction. This bold new initiative -- ASTRONET -- was created by the major European funding agencies with support from the European Commission and is coordinated by the National Institute

  6. Overlever EU?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2015-01-01

    Det bliver stadig tydeligere at EU i kraft af den styrkede nationalisme i øst, vest og nord og kombineret med de nye regionale krav om national selvstændighed vil bevæge sig i retning af et mellemstatsligt samarbejde, støttet af en retsorden beskyttet af en domstol, bliver stadig tydeligere. Det ...... mindre sikkert, om den nationale egoisme vil ende med at opløse samarbejdet. EU vil sandsynligvis overleve, men det bliver snarere ligesom det Tysk-Romerske Rige, hvis institutioner overlevede helt til 1804....

  7. Structural and Magnetothermal Properties of Compounds: Yb5SixGe4-x,Sm5SixGe4-x, EuO, and Eu3O4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, Kyunghan [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    2007-01-01

    The family of R5SixGe4-x alloys demonstrates a variety of unique physical phenomena related to magneto-structural transitions associated with reversible breaking and reforming of specific bonds that can be controlled by numerous external parameters such as chemical composition, magnetic field, temperature, and pressure. Therefore, R5SixGe4-x systems have been extensively studied to uncover the mechanism of the extraordinary magneto-responsive properties including the giant magnetoresistance (GMR) and colossal magnetostriction, as well as giant magnetocaloric effect (GMCE). Until now, more than a half of possible R5SixGe4-x pseudobinary systems have been completely or partially investigated with respect to their crystallography and phase relationships (R = La, Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, Er, Lu, Y). Still, there are other R5SixGe4-x systems (R = Ce, Sm, Ho, Tm, and Yb) that are not studied yet. Here, we report on phase relationships and structural, magnetic, and thermodynamic properties in the Yb5SixGe4-xand Sm5SixGe4-x pseudobinary systems, which may exhibit mixed valence states. The crystallography, phase relationships, and physical properties of Yb5SixGe4-x alloys with 0 ≤ x ≤ 4 have been examined by using single crystal and powder x-ray diffraction at room temperature, and dc magnetization and heat capacity measurements between 1.8 K and 400 K in magnetic fields ranging from 0 to 7 T. Unlike the majority of R5SixGe4-x systems studied to date, where R is the rare earth metal, all Yb-based germanide-silicides with the 5:4 stoichiometry crystallize in the same Gd5Si4-type structure. The magnetic properties of Yb5SixGe4-x materials are nearly composition

  8. Gamma Radiolysis Studies of Aqueous Solution of Brilliant Green Dye

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. V. Parwate

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The effect of γ–radiation on colour intensity of aqueous solution of Brilliant Green has been investigated at two different concentrations. The degradation of Brilliant Green (BG has also been investigated in presence of suspended ZnO, by adding different amounts of ZnO. Simultaneously the conductance and pH of each solution system were measured before and after γ-irradiation. All the γ–irradiations were performed at a dose rate of 0.60 kGyhr-1 in GC-900. The maximum dose required for the complete degradation of the dye was found to be 0.39 kGy. G(-dye values were found to decrease with increase in gamma dose and were in the range 4.26 - 12.81. The conductance (7.6 - 25.3 μS and pH values increased marginally with dose for both the concentrations. The rate of decolouration was found to be high at lower doses and the efficiency of dye removal was higher at low concentration of the dye. This may be attributed to the presence of reaction by-products from the destruction of parent compound build up and compete for reaction intermediate species. The rate of reaction and rate constants were calculated and it was found that the degradation reaction follows first order kinetics. It was found that the decolouration percentage was more in dye systems in absence of ZnO.

  9. Decolorization of brilliant green dye using immersed lamp sonophotocatalytic reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gole, Vitthal L.; Priya, Astha; Danao, Sanjay P.

    2017-12-01

    The textile and dye industries require an enormous amount of water for processing and produce a large volume of wastewater. Generated wastewater had potential hazards and a threat to the aquatic biota. The present work investigates the decolorization of brilliant green dye using a combination of two advanced oxidation techniques viz sonocatalysis and photocatalysis (immersed lamp) known as sonophotocatalysis (3 L capacity). The efficiency of decolorization is further improved in the presence of various additives viz. copper oxide, zinc oxide, and sodium chloride. The maximum decolorization of brilliant green (BG) (94.8% in 120 min) obtained in the presence of zinc oxide. The total organic carbon of the treated samples was measured to monitor complete mineralization of BG. The sonophotocatalytic process (in the presence of zinc oxide) shows maximum mineralization. Synergic combination of two oxidation processes increased the production of oxidizing radicals. Continuous cleaning of catalyst surface (due to sonolysis effect) improves the activity of the catalyst for photolysis operation. The present work is highly useful for the development of a sonophotocatalytic process.

  10. Decolorization of brilliant green dye using immersed lamp sonophotocatalytic reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gole, Vitthal L.; Priya, Astha; Danao, Sanjay P.

    2017-03-01

    The textile and dye industries require an enormous amount of water for processing and produce a large volume of wastewater. Generated wastewater had potential hazards and a threat to the aquatic biota. The present work investigates the decolorization of brilliant green dye using a combination of two advanced oxidation techniques viz sonocatalysis and photocatalysis (immersed lamp) known as sonophotocatalysis (3 L capacity). The efficiency of decolorization is further improved in the presence of various additives viz. copper oxide, zinc oxide, and sodium chloride. The maximum decolorization of brilliant green (BG) (94.8% in 120 min) obtained in the presence of zinc oxide. The total organic carbon of the treated samples was measured to monitor complete mineralization of BG. The sonophotocatalytic process (in the presence of zinc oxide) shows maximum mineralization. Synergic combination of two oxidation processes increased the production of oxidizing radicals. Continuous cleaning of catalyst surface (due to sonolysis effect) improves the activity of the catalyst for photolysis operation. The present work is highly useful for the development of a sonophotocatalytic process.

  11. ACTIVITY OF GENTIAN-VIOLET AND BRILLIANT GREEN AGAINST SOME MICROORGANISMS ASSOCIATED WITH SKIN INFECTIONS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    BAKKER, P; VANDOORNE, H; GOOSKENS, [No Value; WIERINGA, NF

    The antimicrobial activity of gentian violet and brilliant green was tested against various strains of potential skin pathogens, by means of agar diffusion assay. The activity of both compounds was affected by pH. Gentian violet was found to be more active than brilliant green at pH 7.4,

  12. Adsorption of remazol brilliant blue on an orange peel adsorbent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. R. Mafra

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A novel orange peel adsorbent developed from an agricultural waste material was characterised and utilised for the removal of Remazol Brilliant Blue from an artificial textile-dye effluent. The adsorption thermodynamics of this dye-adsorbent pair was studied in a series of equilibrium experiments. The time to reach equilibrium was 15 h for the concentration range of 30 mg L-1 to 250 mg L-1. The adsorption capacity decreased with increasing temperature, from 9.7 mg L-1 at 20 ºC to 5.0 mg L-1 at 60 ºC. Both the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models fitted the adsorption data quite reasonably. The thermodynamic analysis of dye adsorption onto the orange peel adsorbent indicated its endothermic and spontaneous nature. Thus, the application of orange peel adsorbent for the removal of dye from a synthetic textile effluent was successfully demonstrated.

  13. Structural trends in a series of isostructural lanthanide-copper metallacrown sulfates (Ln(III) = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy and Ho): hexaaquapentakis[μ3-glycinehydroxamato(2-)]sulfatopentacopper(II)lanthanide(III) heptaaquapentakis[μ3-glycinehydroxamato(2-)]sulfatopentacopper(II)lanthanide(III) sulfate hexahydrate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlishchuk, Anna V; Kolotilov, Sergey V; Fritsky, Igor O; Zeller, Matthias; Addison, Anthony W; Hunter, Allen D

    2011-07-01

    The seven isostructural complexes, [Cu(5)Ln(C(2)H(4)N(2)O(2))(5)(SO(4))(H(2)O)(6.5)](2)(SO(4))·6H(2)O, where Ln(III) = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy and Ho, are representatives of the 15-metallacrown-5 family. Each dianion of glycinehydroxamic acid (GlyHA) links two Cu(II) cations forming a cyclic [CuGlyHA](5) frame. The Ln(III) cations are located at the centre of the [CuGlyHA](5) rings and are bound by the five hydroxamate O atoms in the equatorial plane. Five water molecules are coordinated to Cu(II) cations, and one further water molecule, located close to an inversion centre between two adjacent [Cu(5)Ln(GlyHA)(5)](2+) cations, is disordered around this inversion centre and coordinated to a Cu(II) cation of either the first or second metallacrown ether. Another water molecule and one of the two crystallographically independent sulfate anions are coordinated, the latter in a bidentate fashion, to the Ln(III) cation in the axial positions. The second sulfate anion is not coordinated to the cation, but is located in an interstitial position on a crystallographic inversion centre, thus leading to disorder of the O atoms around the centre of inversion. The Ln-O bond distances follow the trend of the lanthanide contraction. The apical Ln-O bond distances are very close to the sums of the ionic radii. However, the Ln-O distances within the metallacrown units are slightly compressed and the Ln(III) cations protrude significantly from the plane of the otherwise flat metallacrown ligand, thus indicating that the cavity is somewhat too small to accommodate the Ln(III) ions comfortably. This effect decreases with the size of the lanthanide cation from complex (I) (Ln(III) = Pr; 0.459) to complex (VII) (Ln(III) = Ho; 0.422), which indicates that the smaller lanthanide cations fit the cavity of the pentacopper metallacrown ring better than the larger ones. The diminished contraction of Ln-O distances within the metallacrown planes leads to an aniostropic contraction of the unit

  14. Near-ultraviolet laser diodes for brilliant ultraviolet fluorophore excitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Telford, William G

    2015-12-01

    Although multiple lasers are now standard equipment on most modern flow cytometers, ultraviolet (UV) lasers (325-365 nm) remain an uncommon excitation source for cytometry. Nd:YVO4 frequency-tripled diode pumped solid-state lasers emitting at 355 nm are now the primary means of providing UV excitation on multilaser flow cytometers. Although a number of UV excited fluorochromes are available for flow cytometry, the cost of solid-state UV lasers remains prohibitively high, limiting their use to all but the most sophisticated multilaser instruments. The recent introduction of the brilliant ultraviolet (BUV) series of fluorochromes for cell surface marker detection and their importance in increasing the number of simultaneous parameters for high-dimensional analysis has increased the urgency of including UV sources in cytometer designs; however, these lasers remain expensive. Near-UV laser diodes (NUVLDs), a direct diode laser source emitting in the 370-380 nm range, have been previously validated for flow cytometric analysis of most UV-excited probes, including quantum nanocrystals, the Hoechst dyes, and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole. However, they remain a little-used laser source for cytometry, despite their significantly lower cost. In this study, the ability of NUVLDs to excite the BUV dyes was assessed, along with their compatibility with simultaneous brilliant violet (BV) labeling. A NUVLD emitting at 375 nm was found to excite most of the available BUV dyes at least as well as a UV 355 nm source. This slightly longer wavelength did produce some unwanted excitation of BV dyes, but at sufficiently low levels to require minimal additional compensation. NUVLDs are compact, relatively inexpensive lasers that have higher power levels than the newest generation of small 355 nm lasers. They can, therefore, make a useful, cost-effective substitute for traditional UV lasers in multicolor analysis involving the BUV and BV dyes. Published 2015 Wiley Periodicals Inc. on

  15. SM18 Visits and Access

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

      VISITS The rules and conditions to be followed for visits in the SM18 Hall are laid out in the EDMS 1205328 document. No visit is allowed without prior reservation.   ACCESS Special access right is needed ONLY from 7 p.m. to 7 a.m. and during week-ends. From 1 December, the current SM18 access database will be closed and a new one “SM18-OWH outside normal hours” started from scratch. Requests, via EDH SM18-OWH, will have to be duly justified.   For further information, please contact Evelyne Delucinge.

  16. Anti-prion activity of Brilliant Blue G.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshifumi Iwamaru

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders with no effective therapy currently available. Accumulating evidence has implicated over-activation of P2X7 ionotropic purinergic receptor (P2X7R in the progression of neuronal loss in several neurodegenerative diseases. This has led to the speculation that simultaneous blockade of this receptor and prion replication can be an effective therapeutic strategy for prion diseases. We have focused on Brilliant Blue G (BBG, a well-known P2X7R antagonist, possessing a chemical structure expected to confer anti-prion activity and examined its inhibitory effect on the accumulation of pathogenic isoforms of prion protein (PrPres in a cellular and a mouse model of prion disease in order to determine its therapeutic potential. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: BBG prevented PrPres accumulation in infected MG20 microglial and N2a neural cells at 50% inhibitory concentrations of 14.6 and 3.2 µM, respectively. Administration of BBG in vivo also reduced PrPres accumulation in the brains of mice with prion disease. However, it did not appear to alleviate the disease progression compared to the vehicle-treated controls, implying a complex role of P2X7R on the neuronal degeneration in prion diseases. SIGNIFICANCE: These results provide novel insights into the pathophysiology of prion diseases and have important implications for the treatment.

  17. Staining ability and biocompatibility of brilliant blue G: preclinical study of brilliant blue G as an adjunct for capsular staining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hisatomi, Toshio; Enaida, Hiroshi; Matsumoto, Hiroyoshi; Kagimoto, Tadahisa; Ueno, Akifumi; Hata, Yasuaki; Kubota, Toshiaki; Goto, Yoshinobu; Ishibashi, Tatsuro

    2006-04-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness and biocompatibility of brilliant blue G (BBG) for capsular visualization for continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis. The capsular staining ability of BBG was evaluated at graded concentrations of 10.0, 1.0, 0.5, 0.25, 0.1, and 0.01 mg/mL in enucleated pig's eyes. The biocompatibility of BBG was assessed in rat's eyes for 2 months. The eyes were analyzed using light, fluorescence, transmission electron, and scanning electron microscopy. TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated biotin-deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling) was used to detect apoptotic cells, and endothelial cell counts were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy. The results were compared using indocyanine green and trypan blue. The BBG improved capsular visualization, and a complete capsulorrhexis could be performed. In the rat model, no apparent toxic effect was observed using biomicroscopy during 2 months. Histologically, BBG showed satisfactory biocompatibility. Apoptotic cell death of the endothelial cells was detected in only the trypan blue group. In contrast to BBG, indocyanine green and trypan blue showed degeneration of corneal endothelial cells using transmission and scanning electron microscopy. The BBG contributed to better capsular visualization and caused no apparent complications to the corneal endothelium.Clinical Relevance The BBG is effective and safe capsular staining for continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis.

  18. Activation cross-sections of proton induced reactions on natSm up to 65 MeV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tárkányi, F.; Hermanne, A.; Takács, S.; Ditrói, F.; Ignatyuk, A. V.

    2015-03-01

    Activation cross sections for proton induced reactions on Sm are presented for the first time for natSm(p,xn)154,152m2,152m1,152g,150m,150g,149,148,147,146,145Eu, natSm(p,x)153,145Sm, natSm(p,x)151,150,149,148g,148m,146,144,143Pm and natSm(p,x)141Nd up to 65 MeV. The cross sections were measured via activation method by using a stacked-foil irradiation technique and high resolution gamma ray spectroscopy. The results were compared with results of the nuclear reaction codes ALICE, EMPIRE and TALYS (results taken from TENDL libraries). Integral yields of the activation products were calculated from the excitation functions.

  19. Activation cross-sections of proton induced reactions on $^{nat}$Sm up to 65 MeV

    CERN Document Server

    Tárkányi, F; Takács, S; Ditrói, F; Ignatyuk, A V

    2016-01-01

    Activation cross sections for proton induced reactions on Sm are presented for the first time for $^{nat}$Sm(p,xn)$^{154,152m2,152m1,152g,150m,150g,149,148,147,146,145}$Eu, $^{nat}$Sm(p,x)$^{153,145}$Sm, $^{nat}$Sm(p,x)$^{151,150,149,148g,148m,146,144,143}$Pm and $^{nat}$Sm(p,x)$^{141}$Nd up to 65 MeV. The cross sections were measured via activation method by using a stacked-foil irradiation technique and high resolution gamma ray spectroscopy. The results were compared with results of the nuclear reaction codes ALICE, EMPIRE and TALYS (results taken from TENDL libraries). Integral yields of the activation products were calculated from the excitation functions.

  20. Effects of intracameral brilliant blue on the corneal endothelium of swine: in vitro study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Terzariol

    Full Text Available Abstract: The aim was to investigate the ultrastructural changes in the corneal endothelium of pigs induced by intracameral 0.05% brilliant blue. Twenty swine corneas were separated into two groups, the right eye bulbs (control group and the left eye bulbs (experimental group of the same animal. All the eye bulbs were evaluated with specular microscopy. The cornea of the right eye bulbs was excised and in the left eye bulbs 0.2ml of 0.05% brilliant blue vital dye (OPTH-blue± was injected into the anterior chamber, where it remained for one minute. Then the anterior chamber was cleaned with a balanced salt solution injection and the cornea was excised too. All the corneas were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy to evaluate the changes on the endothelium caused by the brilliant blue dye. There were no significant differences between the right corneal endothelium cells and the left corneal endothelium cells with scanning electron microscopy after intracameral use of 0.05% brilliant blue dye. The 0.05% brilliant blue dye concentration did not cause deleterious effects for the swine corneal endothelium after intracameral use and can be a choice for safe staining of the anterior capsule of the lens in cataract surgery.

  1. Brilliant blue G-assisted peeling of the internal limiting membrane in macular hole surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naithani Prashant

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Dye-assisted internal limiting membrane (ILM peeling and gas tamponade is the surgery of choice for idiopathic macular holes. Indocyanine green and trypan blue have been extensively used to stain the ILM. However, the retinal toxicity of indocyanine green and non-uniform staining with trypan blue has necessitated development of newer vital dyes. Brilliant blue G has recently been introduced as one such dye with adequate ILM staining and no reported retinal toxicity. We performed a 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy with brilliant blue G-assisted ILM peeling in six patients with idiopathic macular holes, to assess the staining characteristics and short-term adverse effects of this dye. Adequate staining assisted in the complete removal of ILM and closure of macular holes in all cases. There was no evidence of intraoperative or postoperative dye-related toxicity. Brilliant blue G appears to be safe dye for ILM staining in macular hole surgery.

  2. Activation cross-sections of deuteron induced reactions on $^{nat}$Sm up to 50 MeV

    OpenAIRE

    Tárkányi, F.; Hermanne, A.; Takács, S.; Ditrói, F.; Csikai, J.; Ignatyuk, A. V.

    2014-01-01

    Activation cross-sections for deuteron induced reactions on Sm are presented for the first time for $^{nat}$Sm(d,xn)$^{155,154,152m2,152m1,152g,150m,150g,149,148,147,146}$Eu, $^{nat}$Sm(d,x)$^{153,145}$Sm and $^{nat}$Sm(d,x)$^{151,150,149,145,144,143}$Pm up to 50 MeV. The cross-sections were measured by the stacked-foil irradiation technique and high resolution $\\gamma$-ray spectrometry. The results were compared with results of nuclear reaction codes ALICE-D, EMPIRE-D and TALYS (from TENDL l...

  3. Activation cross-sections of deuteron induced reactions on natSm up to 50 MeV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tárkányi, F.; Hermanne, A.; Takács, S.; Ditrói, F.; Csikai, J.; Ignatyuk, A. V.

    2014-08-01

    Activation cross-sections for deuteron induced reactions on Sm are presented for the first time for natSm(d,xn)155,154,152m2,152m1,152g,150m,150g,149,148,147,146Eu, natSm(d,x) 153,145Sm and natSm(d,x)151,150,149,145,144,143Pm up to 50 MeV. The cross-sections were measured by the stacked-foil irradiation technique and high resolution γ-ray spectrometry. The results were compared with results of nuclear reaction codes ALICE-D, EMPIRE-D and TALYS (from TENDL libraries). Integral yields of the products were calculated from the excitation functions.

  4. Activation cross-sections of deuteron induced reactions on $^{nat}$Sm up to 50 MeV

    CERN Document Server

    Tárkányi, F; Takács, S; Ditrói, F; Csikai, J; Ignatyuk, A V

    2014-01-01

    Activation cross-sections for deuteron induced reactions on Sm are presented for the first time for $^{nat}$Sm(d,xn)$^{155,154,152m2,152m1,152g,150m,150g,149,148,147,146}$Eu, $^{nat}$Sm(d,x)$^{153,145}$Sm and $^{nat}$Sm(d,x)$^{151,150,149,145,144,143}$Pm up to 50 MeV. The cross-sections were measured by the stacked-foil irradiation technique and high resolution $\\gamma$-ray spectrometry. The results were compared with results of nuclear reaction codes ALICE-D, EMPIRE-D and TALYS (from TENDL libraries). Integral yields of the products were calculated from the excitation functions.

  5. Creating EU law judges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mayoral Diaz-Asensio, Juan Antonio; Jaremba, Urszula; Nowak, Tobias

    2014-01-01

    The judicial protection system in the European Union (EU) is premised on the fact that national judges are supposed to act as decentralized EU judges. This role is exercised through tools enshrined in, inter alia, primacy, direct and indirect effect of EU law, and the preliminary ruling procedure...

  6. Sn(II), −Sm(II)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    Sm(NTA)]⋅H2O (3), and. [Sm(NTA)(H2O)2]⋅H2O (4) were obtained during the reactions of metal salts (VCl3, SnCl2⋅2H2O, SnCl4,. Sm(NO3)2⋅6H2O and SmCl3⋅6H2O) with nitrilotriacetic acid, H3NTA. The infrared and 1H-NMR spectra of the.

  7. Immediate differentiation of salmonella-resembling colonies on brilliant green agar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Annette Nygaard; Hoorfar, Jeffrey

    2000-01-01

    A rapid biochemical system (OBIS) based on immediate enzymatic differentiation of Citrobacter, Proteus, Providencia, Hafnia and Morganella spp. from Salmonella on brilliant green agar was evaluated A total of 96 field isolates from various Salmonella serotypes, 18 Citrobacter freundii and 25...

  8. Physics studies with brilliant narrow-width -beams at the new ELI ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2014-11-04

    Nov 4, 2014 ... It is the first project within the European Strategic Forum for Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) agenda financed by the European Regional Development Fund. The nuclear physics research programme of the facility is focussed on studies with brilliant narrow-width -beams and experiments in extreme laser ...

  9. "All Students Are Brilliant": A Confession of Injustice and a Call to Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Amy D.; Elliott, Leslie J. Atkins

    2017-12-01

    The two of us (AR and LAE), in our teaching, research, and work with teachers, advocate for responsive teaching—an approach that seeks out and builds on the productive "seeds of science" in what our students say and do and assumes that "all students…are brilliant." This pedagogical approach requires a commitment to listening to and intellectually empathizing with students' scientific ideas.

  10. Latest SM results with the ATLAS detector

    CERN Document Server

    Sforza, Federico; The ATLAS collaboration

    2018-01-01

    The precise measurement of SM observables is a key element of the LHC programme, both as a probe of the fundamental properties of Nature and as a tool to improve future experimental and theoretical studies. This talk reviews recent highlights in the measurement of SM processes, including the SM-Higgs properties, performed by the ATLAS collaboration.

  11. Standardization of {sup 153}Sm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bowles, N.E.; Woods, S.A.; Woods, D.H.; Jerome, S.M.; Woods, M.J.; Lavison, P. de; Lineham, S.; Keightley, J.; Poupaki, I

    1998-09-11

    Solutions of {sup 153}Sm were standardised by 4{pi}(PC)-{gamma} counting and an intrinsic Ge spectrometer was employed to measure the relevant gamma-ray emission probabilities. Measurements were also made using a re-entrant high pressure ionisation chamber to accurately determine the half-life. The results are P{sub {gamma}}(103 keV)=0.285(5) {gamma}'s per decay and t{sub 1/2}=46.285(4) h.

  12. Standard Missile-6 (SM-6)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    completed in order to validate deficiency discovered during IOT &E and support for FOC declaration in 2017. There are no significant software-related...General Notes The SM-6 Development was funded under PE 0604366N - Project 3092. The FY 2017 PB includes RDT&E funding for other STANDARD Missile...Spares are included in BLI 6120 P1-35. RDT&E Appn BA PE Navy 1319 05 0604366N Project Name 3092 Standard Missile 6 Program (Shared) (Sunk

  13. Discrimination of SM-identified individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Susan

    2006-01-01

    The belief that sadomasochism (SM) is violence or abusive behavior has resulted in harassment, physical attacks, and discrimination against SM-identified individuals. Historically, they were often opposed by self-identified feminists. One reason the women who practiced SM were targeted was the official opposition to sadomasochistic practices promulgated by the National Organization for Women (NOW). Current statistics of incidents of discrimination, harassment and physical attacks against SM-identified individuals and SM groups are compiled by the National Coalition for Sexual Freedom (NCSF).

  14. [Quantitative determination of total urinary protein utilizing the principle of Coomassie Brilliant Blue G250 binding to protein (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, L; Winckelmann, M; Michaelis, H C; Walb, D

    1981-04-01

    Coomassie Brilliant Blue G250 was used for the determination of total urinary protein and compared with the biuret-procedure. In the Coomassie Brilliant Blue G250-assay 0.10 ml urine are added to 5.0 ml Coomassie Brilliant Blue G250 reagent and the sample is read against the reagent blank. The Coomassie Brilliant Blue G250 method seems to be superior to the biuret-procedure because of better reproducibility, higher sensitivity and simpler handling. The upper limit or urinary protein excretion in 49 healthy subjects was 120 mg/24 h. To evaluate the clinical significance of the Coomassie Brilliant Blue G250 method the urinary protein concentration of 134 patients with metabolic, systemic and organ diseases was compared with the biuret-procedure. The regression line was y = 0.827 X + 8.713 mg/l with a correlation coefficient of r = 0.966. The type of proteinuria (mixed, glomerular, tubular) had no influence on the protein value measured with the Coomassie Brilliant Blue G250 method. However in selective proteinuria, like Bence-Jones protein excretion, there is no correlation between the two methods, because the concentration of Bence-Jones protein is underestimated. Lower protein values were also frequently obtained for patients with diabetes mellitus. Some specimens from patients with chronic renal failure treated by haemodialysis showed elevated values. In spite of these limitations the Coomassie Brilliant Blue G250 method might become the method of choice for the determination of total urinary protein.

  15. Reforming the EU Budget

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Citi, Manuele

    The marginal involvement of the EU in redistributive policies and its limited fiscal resources have led to a lack of attention to the EU budget and its determinants. In this paper I analyse an original dataset containing yearly data on the main macrocategories of expenditure and how they have...

  16. EU Industrial Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pellegrin, Julie; Giorgetti, Maria Letizia; Jensen, Camilla

    Following disregard in the 1980s, industrial policy has recently attracted policy attention at EU level. The objective of this study provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ITRE Committee, is to establish the state of the art of a coordinated and integrated EU industrial policy...

  17. EU Transparency Register

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mańko, R.; Thiel, M.; Bauer, E.

    2014-01-01

    Widespread lobbying in the EU institutions has led to criticism regarding the transparency and accountability of the EU's decision-making process. In response to these concerns, the Parliament set up its transparency register in 1995, followed by the Commission in 2008. The two institutions merged

  18. EU Budgetary Dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Citi, Manuele

    2013-01-01

    In this article I study the long-term evolution of the main categories of expenditure of the European Union (EU) budget (1984-2011). The aim is to assess the extent to which the EU is affected by a structural form of policy inertia, and to investigate the general pattern of policy stability...

  19. EU's lille sikkerhedsnet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rangvid, Jesper

    2014-01-01

    I forrige uge indgik EU-kommissionen og EU-Parlamentet en aftale om en fælles afviklingsmekanisme i bank-unionen (Single Resolution Mechanism; SRM). ... Så på trods af mere kapital, nye bail-in regler og afviklingsfonden tror jeg ikke, at det kan udelukkes, at fremtidige "bankredninger" kan...

  20. Decolourization of reactive brilliant blue KN-R by immobilized cells of Aspergillus ficuum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Xin-Jiao; Chen, Zhu

    2003-05-01

    Aspergillus ficuum was immobilized with sodium alginate, and decolourization of Reactive Brilliant Blue KN-R was studied on immobilized and free Aspergillus ficuum. The optimal preparation condition of the strain immobilization was obtained by the orthogonal test, it is sodium alginate 3%, CaCl2 5%, wet mycelia 30 g/L, calcific time 8 h. It was found that the immobilized cells could effectively decolourize Reactive Brilliant Blue KN-R, the optimum temperature and pH were 33 degrees C and 5.0, respectively. The kinetics study of decolourization of immobilized cells showed that the decolourization of Aspergillus ficuum immobilized conformed to zero-order reaction model. The decolourization efficiency of immobilized cell compared with that of free cell in different physical conditions. Results showed that the decolourization of immobilized cells with mycelia had the best efficiency. The immobilized cells could be reused after the first decolourization.

  1. NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Brilliant Light Facilities and Research in Life and Material Sciences

    CERN Document Server

    Tsakanov, Vasili; Brilliant Light in Life and Material Sciences

    2007-01-01

    The present book contains an excellent overview of the status and highlights of brilliant light facilities and their applications in biology, chemistry, medicine, materials and environmental sciences. Overview papers on diverse fields of research by leading experts are accompanied by the highlights in the near and long-term perspectives of brilliant X-Ray photon beam usage for fundamental and applied research. The book includes advanced topics in the fields of high brightness photon beams, instrumentation, the spectroscopy, microscopy, scattering and imaging experimental techniques and their applications. The book is strongly recommended for students, engineers and scientists in the field of accelerator physics, X-ray optics and instrumentation, life, materials and environmental sciences, bio and nanotechnology.

  2. Sierra/SM theory manual.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crane, Nathan Karl

    2013-07-01

    Presented in this document are the theoretical aspects of capabilities contained in the Sierra/SM code. This manuscript serves as an ideal starting point for understanding the theoretical foundations of the code. For a comprehensive study of these capabilities, the reader is encouraged to explore the many references to scientific articles and textbooks contained in this manual. It is important to point out that some capabilities are still in development and may not be presented in this document. Further updates to this manuscript will be made as these capabilites come closer to production level.

  3. TUDOR LUPAŞCU – A BRILLIANT SCIENTIST AND SKILFULL MANAGER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe Duca

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The Moldovan chemical community has recently honoured Professor Tudor LUPAŞCU on the occasion of his 60’s anniversary. Known as brilliant scientist and skilful manager, Professor LUPASCU is now the director of the Institute of Chemistry and one of the founders of the “Chemistry Journal of Moldova”, being the Managing Editor from the very beginning of its activity.

  4. Competitive Adsorption between Polyethylene Glycol and Acid Brilliant Red on Expanded Graphite

    OpenAIRE

    Xiu-Yan Pang; Li-Li Zhang

    2012-01-01

    Expanded graphite (EG) adsorbent was prepared with graphite as raw materials, potassium permanganate as oxidant, and vitriol as intercalation compound. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) 10000 and Acid brilliant red 3B (ABR) with obvious difference in molecular weights were selected as organic adsorbates, and their adsorption and competitive adsorption thermodynamics and kinetics on EG were investigated. The results are: In both single component system and dual component system, the adsorption and com...

  5. Genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of Sunset Yellow and Brilliant Blue, colorant food additives, on human blood lymphocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kus, Esra; Eroglu, Halil Erhan

    2015-01-01

    The synthetic dyes over fifty are used in many areas including the food industry around the world. Sunset Yellow FCF and Brilliant Blue FCF are used as colorant food additives in many food products. The present study investigated the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of Sunset Yellow and Brilliant Blue. Genotoxic and cytotoxic activities of the food additives were evaluated in lymphocyte cell cultures using mitotic index, replication index and micronucleus assay. Mitotic index frequencies and replication index values were decreased and micronucleus frequency was increased with increasing concentrations of Sunset Yellow and Brilliant Blue. The changes in mitotic index and micronucleus are statistically significant (p<0.05). The results show that the Sunset Yellow and Brilliant Blue can have cytotoxic and genotoxic potential. It care must be taken when using these materials as a food additive.

  6. Governing EU employment policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Eva; Triantafillou, Peter; Damgaard, Bodil

    2015-01-01

    In the European Union (EU), employment policy is a prerogative of the member states. Therefore the EU's ability to govern in this area depends on its capability to involve national governments and relevant stakeholders in a collaborative effort to formulate and implement shared policy objectives....... Drawing an analytical distinction between cooperation, coordination and collaboration, the article analyses the formulation and implementation of EU employment policies. It concludes that while the formulation of policy objectives and the discussion of national policy approaches do involve elements...

  7. Essentials of EU law

    CERN Document Server

    Reinisch, August

    2012-01-01

    This book explores the history and institutions of the EU, examines the interplay of its main bodies in its legislative process and illustrates the role played by the EU Courts and the importance of fundamental rights. The student is also introduced to the key principles of the internal market, in particular the free movement of goods and the free movement of workers. In addition a number of other EU policies, such as the Common Agricultural Policy, Environmental Protection and Social Policy are outlined, while a more detailed inquiry is made into European competition law.

  8. Understanding the photoluminescence characteristics of Eu{sup 3+}-doped double-perovskite by electronic structure calculation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghosh, Binita [St. Paul’s Cathedral Mission College, 33/1Raja Rammohan Roy Road, Kolkata 700009 (India); Halder, Saswata; Sinha, T. P. [Department of Physics, Bose Institute, 93/1 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700009 (India); Das, Sayantani [Department of Physics, University of Calcutta, 92 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700009 (India)

    2016-05-23

    Europium-doped luminescent barium samarium tantalum oxide Ba{sub 2}SmTaO{sub 6} (BST) has been investigated by first-principles calculation, and the crystal structure, electronic structure, and optical properties of pure BST and Eu-doped BST have been examined and compared. Based on the calculated results, the luminescence properties and mechanism of Eu-doped BST has been discussed. In the case of Eu-doped BST, there is an impurity energy band at the Fermi level, which is formed by seven spin up energy levels of Eu and act as the luminescent centre, which is evident from the band structure calculations.

  9. Distinguishing a SM-like MSSM Higgs boson from SM Higgs boson ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    We explore the possibility of distinguishing the SM-like MSSM Higgs boson from the SM Higgs boson via Higgs boson pair production at future muon collider. We study the behavior of the production cross-section in SM and MSSM with Higgs boson mass for various MSSM parameters tan and A. We observe that at fixed ...

  10. EU-retten 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Karsten Engsig; Nielsen, Poul Runge

    Udover en introduktion til EU-retten, herunder dens institutioner og retskilderne, indeholder bogen en grundig analyse af EF-traktatens regler om fri bevægelighed for varer, personer, tjenesteydelser og kapital....

  11. EU FP7/ ARENA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sella, G.; Senzier, C.; Andersson, M.; Taberski, G.; Schutte, K.; Lohrmann, P.; Murray, E.; Nguyen, E.

    2014-01-01

    The EU FP7 project ARENA addresses the design of a flexible surveillance system for detection and recognition of threats towards deployment on mobile critical assets such as trucks, trains, vessels and oil rigs..

  12. Photoneutron cross section measurements on Sm isotopes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipescu D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Extreme Light Infrastructure - Nuclear Physics, one of the three pillars of the Extreme Light Infrastructure Pan-European initiative, is a new large scale facility dedicated to nuclear physics with extreme electromagnetic fields. ELI-NP will host two 10 PW lasers and a very brilliant Gamma beam system with unprecedented intensity and energy resolution parameters. We propose to perform photon induced nuclear reactions using the very brilliant γ-ray beams provided by the Gamma beam system to examine in detail the photon absorption process and its decay modes. Here the experimental program related to nuclear research on reactions above the neutron separation threshold, which is under preparation at ELI-NP, is presented.

  13. EU og Latinamerika

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    2008-01-01

    brev fra den bolivianske præsident, Evo Morales, stilet til EU. En måned før vedtagelsen af direktivet var de latinamerikanske lande blevet enige om at satse på en fælles politik med EU, der skulle bygge på et princip om fælles ansvar og en helhedstilgang til international migration med inddragelse af...

  14. EU Labour Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ruth

    The focus in this book is upon EU labour law and its interaction with national and international labour law. The book provides an analysis of the framework and sources of European labour law. It covers a number of substantive topics, notably collective labour law, individual employment contracts......, discrimination on grounds of sex and on other grounds, free movement of persons, restructuring of enterprises, working environment and enforcement of rights derived from EU labour law....

  15. Konstruktioner i småhuse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høffding Knutsson, H.

    Anvisningen er udarbejdet i tilknytning til Bygningsreglement for småhuse, 1985. Den indeholder eksempler på dimensionering og udførelse af konstruktioner i traditionelle og moderne småhuse med indtil 2 etager. Hvis man følger anvisningens eksempler, kræves der ikke ingeniørmæssig eftervisning af...

  16. الفائق التوصيل الكهربائي SmBa2Cu3O7-δ على خواص المركب Eu و Sn و Zn - تأثير التعويض الجزئي للعناصر

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    أحمد محمد كاظم; علي عبد الكريم دهش

    2000-01-01

    ... في درجات الحرارة العالية. أظهرت النتائج أن التعويض الجزئي لعنصر اليوروبيوم Eu في عنصر السماريوم Sm  أبقى المركب محافظا على هيئة تركيب المعيني القائم بينما أدى إلى زيادة...

  17. Preparation of Polyaniline/Filter-paper Composite for Removal of Coomassie Brilliant Blue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Wanwan; Li, Xiaoqiang; Li, Mengjuan

    2015-01-01

    Polyaniline/filter-paper (PANI/FP) composite was prepared by in-situ polymerization of polyaniline onto filter-paper and subsequently evaluated for the removal of Coomassie brilliant blue (CBB) from aqueous solution. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Fourier......-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to investigate the morphology and physicochemical properties of PANI/FP composite. Batch experimental results showed that the pH value and temperature could affect the removal capability of the PANUFP composite. Langmuir and Freundlich models were used to analyse...

  18. Novel x-ray image sensor using CsBr:Eu phosphor for computed radiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nanto, H.; Takei, Y.; Nishimura, A.; Nakano, Y.; Shouji, T.; Yanagita, T.; Kasai, S.

    2006-03-01

    CsBr phosphor ceramics doped with different luminescence center such as In IIO 3, Eu IIO 3, EuCl 3, SmCl 3, TbCl 3, GdCl 3 or NdCl 3 as a candidate of a new photosimulable phosphor for medical x-ray imaging sensor are prepared using a conventional ceramic fabrication process. It is found that x-ray-irradiated Eu-doped CsBr (CsBr:Eu) exhibits intense photostimulated luminescence (PSL). The peak wavelength of the PSL emission and stimulation spectra of CsBr:Eu phosphor ceramic sample is 450 nm and 690 nm, respectively. The dependence of PSL properties on preparing conditions of phosphor ceramic samples, such as Eu concentration, sintering temperature and sintering time, is studied and the optimum preparing condition is also studied. It is found that the PSL intensity of CsBr:Eu phosphor ceramics fabricated under optimum preparation condition is higher than that of commercially available imaging plate (IP) using BafBr:Eu. The image quality of the IP using CsBr:Eu phosphor film is better than that of commercially available IP.

  19. Exporting EU Liberalism Eastwards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynn M. Tesser

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available There is much more to liberalism in the post communist context than has been acknowledged. A sizeable effort has indeed emerged to transplant a relatively coherent liberal ideology to the region, one exported not merely through the conditionality of international financial institutions, but also through the conditionality and socialization of organizations like the NATO, OSCE, EU, and the Council of Europe. ‘EU liberalism’ includes the ‘standard’ liberal emphasis on individual rights, the rule of law, constitutional democracy, freedom, and market economics as well as support for minority rights, and a seemingly schizophrenic emphasis on economic integration that involves, first bringing down borders for the free movement of people, goods, capital, and services between member states, and second, market regulation to diminish the social downsides of capitalism. This paper outlines EU liberalism’s emergence and its application to Central and East European countries.

  20. EU and Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kokko, Ari

    This paper discusses the changing relationship between the EU and Vietnam, and asks whether there is a shift from a “parental” to a “competitive” relationship. The focus of the paper is on the shift from aid to trade as the main interface between the EU and Vietnam. Aid relationships are often...... understood as hierarchical, linking a benevolent donor to a needy recipient, whereas commercial relationships are typically expected to involve a more competitive relationship. However, we argue that the bilateral relationship was never a “parental” one, even at the time when Vietnam’s relation to the EU...... was limited to aid. The reason is largely Vietnam’s historical experiences from the aid relationship with the Soviet Union, which created dependence and eventually an economic crisis when aid flows dried up in the late 1980s. Instead, there has been substantial tension between the donor community and Vietnam...

  1. The EU and China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zank, Wolfgang

    In September 2004 David Shambaugh, of George Washington University, published a small article under the heading: “China and Europe: The Emerging Axis.” In his view, one “of the most important, yet least appreciated developments … has been the dramatic growth in ties between China and Europe......” (Shambaugh 2004, 243). He pointed, firstly, at the strong growth in trade relations; the EU also became the largest foreign supplier of technology and equipment, in the form of direct investment, but also through a number of joint technology projects. The EU-China Framework Program became the world’s largest...... common research project. As to political cooperation, numerous meetings have been institutionalised, among them, at the top level an annual EU-China Summit. The contacts have resulted in a number of agreements, for instance on group tourism. According to estimates 100,000 Chinese Students went...

  2. Activation cross-sections of proton induced reactions on {sup nat}Sm up to 65 MeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tárkányi, F. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (ATOMKI), 4026 Debrecen (Hungary); Hermanne, A. [Cyclotron Laboratory, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels (Belgium); Takács, S. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (ATOMKI), 4026 Debrecen (Hungary); Ditrói, F., E-mail: ditroi@atomki.hu [Institute for Nuclear Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (ATOMKI), 4026 Debrecen (Hungary); Ignatyuk, A.V. [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk 249020 (Russian Federation)

    2015-03-01

    Highlights: •Proton induced reactions on natural samarium up to 65 MeV. •Stacked foil irradiation technique. •Comparison of experimental results with the ALICE, EMPIRE and TALYS theoretical model codes. •Calculation and comparison of thick target integral yields. -- Abstract: Activation cross sections for proton induced reactions on Sm are presented for the first time for {sup nat}Sm(p,xn){sup 154,152m2,152m1,152g,150m,150g,149,148,147,146,145}Eu, {sup nat}Sm(p,x){sup 153,145}Sm, {sup nat}Sm(p,x){sup 151,150,149,148g,148m,146,144,143}Pm and {sup nat}Sm(p,x){sup 141}Nd up to 65 MeV. The cross sections were measured via activation method by using a stacked-foil irradiation technique and high resolution gamma ray spectroscopy. The results were compared with results of the nuclear reaction codes ALICE, EMPIRE and TALYS (results taken from TENDL libraries). Integral yields of the activation products were calculated from the excitation functions.

  3. Kinetic study of brilliant green adsorption from aqueous solution onto white rice husk ash.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavlieva, Mariana P; Genieva, Svetlana D; Georgieva, Velyana G; Vlaev, Lyubomir T

    2013-11-01

    The present research was focused on the study of adsorption kinetics of brilliant green (BG) onto white rice husk ash from aqueous solutions. The research was performed in the temperature interval 290-320 K in 10° steps and in the concentration range of 3-100 mg L(-1). Batch studies were conducted in order to determine the optimal adsorbent dose, and the time required to reach the adsorption equilibrium at each temperature. The effect of the initial concentration of brilliant green was studied (pH not adjusted), as well as the effect of temperature. The maximum adsorption capacity of the WRHA for BG at 320 K was determined to be 85.56 mg g(-1). The adsorption kinetic data were analyzed employing several kinetic models: pseudo-first-order equation, pseudo-second-order equation, Elovichequation, Banghman's equation, Diffusion-chemisorption model, and Boyd kinetic expression. It was established that the adsorption process obeyed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Based on the rate constants obtained by this kinetic model using Arrhenius and Eyring equations, the activation parameters were determined, namely the activation energy (50.04 kJ mol(-1)), the change of entropy (-318.31 J mol(-1) K(-1)), enthalpy (-47.50 kJ mol(-1)), and Gibbs free energy (range 44.81-54.36 kJ mol(-1)) for the formation of activated complex from the reagents. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Retinal Biocompatibility of Brilliant Blue G with Deuterated Water for Chromovitrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmerson Badaró

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To investigate the retinal biocompatibility of Brilliant Blue G with deuterated water (BBG-D2O as a vital dye for chromovitrectomy. Methods: In this animal study, 0.05 mL of 0.25 g/L Brilliant Blue G (BBG associated with 0.13 mL/mL of deuterium oxide (D2O was injected intravitreally in the right eye and the same amount of balanced salt solution (BSS was injected similarly in the left eye of rabbits. Clinical examination and histology with light microscopy were performed after seven days. Retinal cell layers were evaluated for morphologic alterations. Electroretinographic (ERG changes were also assessed at baseline and 7 days after the injections. Results: A total of 6 rabbits were included in the study. The gross histopathologic appearance of the retina, choroid, sclera and optic nerve was within normal limits without any sign of severe retinal necrosis or cystic degeneration. Light microscopy showed that BBG-D2O caused no substantial alterations in retinal layers as compared to control eyes. The injection of BBG-D2O did not induce considerable functional ERG alterations. Conclusion: Intravitreal injection of BBG-D2O 0.25 g/L seems to induce no retinal toxicity as documented by lack of functional and histological changes.

  5. Eu submicrocrystalline rod

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2.1 Synthesis of Sr3Y(Px V1−x O4)3: Eu3+. The initial material, Y2O3, was firstly dissolved into concen- trated nitric acids. Then superfluous salicylic acid (6·0 mmol) was dissolved into 95% ethanol and its pH value was then adjusted to 7 ∼ 8 with ammonia solution. Then the 1 mmol. Y(NO3)3 and 0·05 mmol Eu(NO3)3 was ...

  6. Brilliant Green Dye Elimination from Water Using Psidium guajava Leaves and Solanum tuberosum Peels as Adsorbents in Environmentally Benign Way

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabia Rehman

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to check the feasibility of Psidium guajava (Guava leaves and peels of Solanum tuberosum (Potato as biosorbents in removal of Brilliant Green (BG in batch mode. Surface analysis of biosorbents was done by FT-IR and quantitatively analyzed by Boehm titration. The removal of dye was confirmed by UV-VIS spectroscopy. Isothermal modeling was studied by using Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherms. Various isothermal parameters for adsorption of Brilliant Green such as qm=1.075 mg/g, 1.173 mg/g ΔG°=-3.397, and −2.397 KJ/mol were noted for Solanum tuberosum peels (PP and Psidium guajava leaves (GL, respectively. Similarly pH, moisture content, and various metals were quantitatively analyzed. Results showed that leaves of Psidium guajava were more effective for removal of Brilliant Green.

  7. CdCl 2, Sm films

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    and photoconductivity (PC), rise and decay studies are reported for Cd(S–Se) : CdCl2, Sm films prepared by chemical deposition method ... which are related to the edge emission of CdS and CdSe involving excitons. In Sm-doped emissions ... (~ 19,000 cm–1) lies below the energy-level of the trap- states in Cd(S–Se) base, ...

  8. EU-PIL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lookofsky, Joseph; Hertz, Ketilbjørn

    Now in a Second Edition comprising the Brussels I Regulation “recast”, as well as other key EU legislation and case law, this book brings together principles of juridical jurisdiction, choice of law, recognition of judgments and commercial arbitration. It shows the interrelationship of the rules...

  9. EU-retten 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Karsten Engsig; Nielsen, Poul Runge

    Bogen indeholder en gennemgang af en række generelle problemstillinger vedrørende harmoniseringen indenfor EU samt en nærmere analyse af harmoniseringen på en række udvalgte områder: selskabsret, skatteret, finansielle tjenesteydelser samt den tekniske harmonisering der skal sikre varernes fri be...

  10. EU Agro Biogas Project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Amon, T.; Mayr, H.; Eder, M.; Hobbs, P.; Rao Ravella, S.; Roth, U.; Niebaum, A.; Doehler, H.; Weiland, P.; Abdoun, E.; Moser, A.; Lyson, M.; Heiermann, M.; Plöchl, M.; Budde, J.; Schattauer, A.; Suarez, T.; Möller, H.; Ward, A.; Hillen, F.; Sulima, P.; Oniszk-Polplawska, A.; Krampe, P.; Pastorek, Z.; Kara, J.; Mazancova, J.; Dooren, van H.J.C.; Wim, C.; Gioelli, F.; Balsari, P.

    2009-01-01

    EU-AGRO-BIOGAS is a European Biogas initiative to improve the yield of agricultural biogas plants in Europe, to optimise biogas technology and processes and to improve the efficiency in all parts of the production chain from feedstock to biogas utilisation. Leading European research institutions and

  11. Competition in EU banking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Jonghe, Olivier; Diepstraten, Maaike; Schepens, Glenn; Beck, Thorsten; Casu, Barbara

    2017-01-01

    This chapter discusses recent EU-wide movements in bank competition and concentration. We start with a concise overview of the most frequently used competition and concentration measures. Given that different measures may capture different aspects of bank competition, we focus on the differences and

  12. EU Food Law Handbook

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meulen, van der B.M.J.

    2014-01-01

    The twenty-first century has witnessed a fundamental reform of food law in the European Union, to the point where modern EU food law has now come of age. This book presents the most significant elements of these legal developments with contributions from a highly qualified team of academics and

  13. The EU's Convergence Dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Notermans Ton

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available As economic stagnation continues to mark the EU in the fifth year of the euro zone crisis, political support for integration is waning. The European Parliament elections of 2014 returned a hitherto unparalleled number of Eurosceptic MEPs, with EU-critical parties becoming the largest ones in several Member States. Much of this Euroscepticism is driven by economic polarisation between core and peripheral countries. While an increasing number of voters in the northwestern creditor countries resent having to foot the bill for what they consider economic mismanagement in the periphery, voters in peripheral countries increasingly rebel against what they deem to be an economically catastrophic Diktat from Germany and its allies. Continued political support for European integration will hinge on successful income convergence in the EU but the current dilemma is that such policies might not be politically feasible. Periods of rapid convergence would seem to suggest that success depends on two main policy strategies. First, a monetary policy that promotes credit for productive purposes, leaves inflation control to other instruments, and employs selective credit rationing to prevent asset booms. Second, a vertical industrial policy prioritising selected industrial sectors. The first policy conflicts with the present framework of euro zone monetary policy, but that framework was only installed in the first place because many peripheral countries were desperately in search of an external constraint on domestic distributional conflict. Industrial policies, in turn, require a sufficient degree of state autonomy from business elites in order to be effective, but it is highly questionable whether most states in the EU possess such autonomy. Though there are, as yet hesitant, signs of a reorientation of both monetary and cohesion policy in the EU, the question of the institutional and political preconditions for their successful implementation has been largely

  14. A novel orange-red phosphor Ca3B2O6:Sm3+, A+(A = Li, Na, K) for white light emitting diodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Qingbo; Liu, Yufeng; Yang, Fu; Han, Bing; Feng, Hao; Yu, Quanmao

    2014-03-01

    A novel orange-red phosphor Ca3B2O6:Sm3+, A+(A = Li, Na, K) has been synthesized by solid-state reaction at 950°C. The phase purity and photoluminescence (PL) behavior of the phosphor are studied in detail using the powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique and PL measurements. Ca3B2O6:Sm3+ phosphor can be efficiently excited by near ultraviolet (n-UV) and blue light, and the emission spectrum consists of four emission peaks at 563, 599, 646 and 709 nm, generating bright orange-red light. When a cation A+ is introduced into Ca3B2O6:Sm3+ as charge compensator, the emission intensity of Ca3B2O6:Sm3+ is evidently enhanced, but the PL spectral profile is unchanged. The integral intensity of the emission spectrum of Ca2.96Sm0.02Na0.02B2O6 excited at 401 nm is about 1.2 times than that of Y2O2S:Eu3+ commercial red phosphor. The CIE chromaticity coordinates of Ca2.96Sm0.02Na0.02B2O6 phosphor were (0.608, 0.365), which are close to that of the commercial red phosphors Y2O3:Eu3+ (0.655, 0.345), Y2O2S:Eu3+ (0.622, 0.351) and Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+ (0.620, 0.370).

  15. Photoemission study on Sm-based filled skutterudites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamasaki, A. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Konan University, Kobe 658-8501 (Japan)]. E-mail: yamasaki@konan-u.ac.jp; Imada, S. [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); Higashimichi, H. [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); Fujiwara, H. [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); Saita, T. [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); Miyamachi, T. [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); Sekiyama, A. [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); Sugawara, H. [Graduate School of Human and Natural Environment Science, University of Tokushima, Tokushima 770-8502 (Japan); Kikuchi, D. [Graduate School of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397 (Japan); Sato, H. [Graduate School of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397 (Japan); Higashiya, A. [RIKEN, Mikazuki, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Yabashi, M. [Japan Synchrotron Research Institute, Mikazuki, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Ishikawa, T. [RIKEN, Mikazuki, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Suga, S. [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan)

    2007-03-15

    Sm-based filled skutterudites SmFe{sub 4}P{sub 12} and SmOs{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} have been investigated by soft and hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (PES). Bulk-sensitive Sm 3d-4f resonant PES and surface-sensitive valence-band PES spectra suggest in the bulk that SmOs{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} has much more strongly mixed Sm valence state than SmFe{sub 4}P{sub 12}. A significant Sm divalent peak in the vicinity of the Fermi level (E{sub F}) has been observed in SmOs{sub 4}Sb{sub 12}, indicating that the Sm 4f states contribute to the electronic states at E{sub F}.

  16. Electrofluidic displays using Young-Laplace transposition of brilliant pigment dispersions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heikenfeld, J.; Zhou, K.; Kreit, E.; Raj, B.; Yang, S.; Sun, B.; Milarcik, A.; Clapp, L.; Schwartz, R.

    2009-05-01

    Conventional electrowetting displays reconfigure the contact angle of a coloured oil film on a planar hydrophobic surface. We report on electrofluidic displays, in particular a three-dimensional microfluidic display device that provides a direct view of brilliantly coloured pigment dispersions. Electromechanical pressure is used to pull the aqueous dispersion from a reservoir of small viewable area (90%). The hydrophobic channel and reservoir respectively impart a small or large radius of curvature on the dispersion. Therefore, with no voltage, Young-Laplace pressure forces the dispersion to retract into the reservoir. Preliminary prototypes exhibit ~55% white reflectance, and future development points towards a reflectance of ~85%. Uniquely, compared to electrowetting pixels, the electrofluidic pixels reduce the visible area of the coloured fluid by an additional two to three times (improving contrast), are potentially bistable, are as thin as ~15 µm (giving potential for rollable displays), and can be miniaturized without increased operating voltage.

  17. Brilliant Blue Dyes in Daily Food: How Could Purinergic System Be Affected?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Gomes Braga Ferreira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dyes were first obtained from the extraction of plant sources in the Neolithic period to produce dyed clothes. At the beginning of the 19th century, synthetic dyes were produced to color clothes on a large scale. Other applications for synthetic dyes include the pharmaceutical and food industries, which are important interference factors in our lives and health. Herein, we analyzed the possible implications of some dyes that are already described as antagonists of purinergic receptors, including special Brilliant Blue G and its derivative FD&C Blue No. 1. Purinergic receptor family is widely expressed in the body and is critical to relate to much cellular homeostasis maintenance as well as inflammation and cell death. In this review, we discuss previous studies and show purinergic signaling as an important issue to be aware of in food additives development and their correlations with the physiological functions.

  18. Study of the photodegradation of brilliant green on mechanically activated powders of zinc oxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syuleiman, Sh. A.; Yakushova, N. D.; Pronin, I. A.; Kaneva, N. V.; Bojinova, A. S.; Papazova, K. I.; Gancheva, M. N.; Dimitrov, D. Tz.; Averin, I. A.; Terukov, E. I.; Moshnikov, V. A.

    2017-11-01

    A study of the photocatalytic activity of commercial and mechanically activated zinc oxide powders has been carried out based on the example of the decomposition of Brilliant Green. The goal of this work was to study the effect of the grinding time (0, 1, 3, 5, and 7 min) on the structure of zinc oxide and its photocatalytic activity under visible and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. It has been found that, when UV radiation is used, the constant of the dye oxidation rate for samples activated for 1 min increases compared with unactivated powders, whereas further mechanical activation leads to a decrease in the photocatalytic activity. When using visible radiation, samples activated for 1 min showed the minimum photocatalytic activity and further mechanical activation led to an increase in the efficiency of photocatalysis.

  19. Soft x-ray nanoscale imaging using highly brilliant laboratory sources and new detector concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stiel, H.; Braenzel, J.; Dehlinger, A.; Jung, R.; Luebcke, A.; Regehly, M.; Ritter, S.; Tuemmler, J.; Schnuerer, M.; Seim, C.

    2017-05-01

    In this contribution, we report about nanoscale imaging using a laser produced plasma source based laboratory transmission X-ray microscope (LTXM) in the water window. The highly brilliant soft X-ray radiation of the LTXM is provided by a laser-produced nitrogen plasma source focused by a multilayer condenser mirror to the sample. An objective zone plate maps the magnified image of the sample on the super resolution camera. This camera employs a deep cooled soft-X-ray CCD imaging sensor sandwiched with a xy piezo stage to allow subpixel displacements of the detector. The camera is read out using a very low noise electronics platform, also directing low µm shifts of the sensor between subsequent image acquisitions. Finally an algorithm computes a high resolution image from the individual shifted low-resolution image frames.

  20. Advanced Oxidation of Tartrazine and Brilliant Blue with Pulsed Ultraviolet Light Emitting Diodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Robert; Mudimbi, Patrick; Miller, Michael E; Magnuson, Matthew; Willison, Stuart; Phillips, Rebecca; Harper, Willie F

    2017-01-01

      This study investigated the effect of ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (UVLEDs) coupled with hydrogen peroxide as an advanced oxidation process (AOP) for the degradation of two test chemicals. Brilliant Blue FCF consistently exhibited greater degradation than tartrazine, with 83% degradation after 300 minutes at the 100% duty cycle compared with only 17% degradation of tartrazine under the same conditions. These differences are attributable to the structural properties of the compounds. Duty cycle was positively correlated with the first-order rate constants (k) for both chemicals but, interestingly, negatively correlated with the normalized first-order rate constants (k/duty cycle). Synergistic effects of both hydraulic mixing and LED duty cycle were manifested as novel oscillations in the effluent contaminant concentration. Further, LED output and efficiency were dependent upon duty cycle and less efficient over time perhaps due to heating effects on semiconductor performance.

  1. The brilliant blue FCF ion-molecular forms in solutions according to the spectrophotometry data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chebotarev, A. N.; Bevziuk, K. V.; Snigur, D. V.; Bazel, Ya. R.

    2017-10-01

    The brilliant blue FCF acid-base properties in aqueous solutions have been studied and its ionization constants have been defined by tristimulus colorimetry and spectrophotometry methods. The scheme of the acid-base dye equilibrium has been proposed and a diagram of the distribution of its ionic-molecular forms has been built. It has been established that the dominant form of the dye was the electroneutral form, which molar absorptivity (ɛ625 = 0.97 × 105) increases with the increase of the dielectric permittivity of the solvent. It has been shown that the replacement of polar solvents by less polar ones is causing a bathochromic shift of the maximum absorption band of the dye, the value of which is correlated with the value of the Hansen parameter. Tautomerization constants have been defined in a number of solvents and associated with the value of the Dimroth-Reichardt parameter.

  2. An in vivo evaluation of Brilliant Blue G in animals and humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Remy, M; Thaler, S; Schumann, R G; May, C A; Fiedorowicz, M; Schuettauf, F; Grüterich, M; Priglinger, S G; Nentwich, M M; Kampik, A; Haritoglou, C

    2008-08-01

    To evaluate the retinal toxicity of Brilliant Blue G (BBG) following intravitreal injection in rat eyes and examine the biocompatibility and the staining properties in humans. BBG was injected into the 11 rat eyes to evaluate toxic effects with balanced salt solution (BSS) serving as control. Retinal toxicity was assessed by retinal ganglion cell (RGC) counts and by light microscopy 7 days later. In addition, BBG was applied during vitrectomy for macular hole (MH) (n = 15) or epiretinal membranes (ERM) (n = 3) in a prospective, non-comparative consecutive series of patients. Before and after surgery, all patients underwent a complete clinical examination including measurement of best corrected visual acuity (VA) and intraocular pressure, perimetry, fundus photography and optical coherence tomography. Patients were seen 1 day before surgery and then in approximately four weeks intervals. No significant reduction in RGC numbers and no morphological alterations were noted. A sufficient staining of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) was seen in patients with MH, while the staining pattern in ERM cases was patchy, indicating that parts of the ILM were peeled off along with the ERM in a variable extent. All MHs could be closed successfully. VA improved in 10 eyes (56%; 8/15 MH patients, 2/3 ERM patients), was unchanged in four eyes (22%; all MH patients) and was reduced in four eyes (22%; 3/15 MH, 1/3 ERM). No toxic effects attributable to the dye were noted during patient follow-up. The ultrastructure of tissue harvested during surgery was unremarkable. Brilliant Blue provides a sufficient and selective staining of the ILM. No retinal toxicity or adverse effects related to the dye were observed in animal and human studies. The long-term safety of this novel dye will have to be evaluated in larger patient series and a longer follow-up.

  3. Study of the nuclear structure of {sup 155}Eu; Estudo da estrutura nuclear do {sup 155}Eu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Genezini, Frederico Antonio

    2004-07-01

    The {sup 155}Eu nuclide was investigated by the directional angular correlation technique following the {beta} decay of {sup 155}Sm. The angular correlation measurements were carried out using a setup with 4 Ge detectors and a multi parametric data acquisition system. To perform the data analysis a new methodology was developed . The multipole mixing ratios of twenty sixty {gamma}- transitions were determined. Seven of them agreed with the results of earlier angular correlation studies and nineteen obtained for the first time confirmed the multipolarity suggested in earlier electron capture studies. Besides, the spin of the level at 1106.83 keV as well as the parity of the level at 1301.41 keV have also been suggested. The nuclear structure of {sup 155}Eu was discussed successfully in terms of the single particle model using a deformed Woods-Saxon potential plus residual pairing interaction permitting the description of the rotational quasi-proton band heads. (author)

  4. Characteristics of gas-liquid diaphragm discharge and its application on decolorization of brilliant red B in aqueous solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qingsong, GAO; Yongjun, LIU; Bing, SUN

    2017-11-01

    A simple gas-liquid diaphragm discharge reactor was designed and characteristics of the discharge and its application on decolorization of brilliant red B in an aqueous solution were investigated. The results showed that strong oxidizing agents such as ·OH and ·O radicals were generated. Average electron temperature of the discharge was 0.72 eV, 1.15 eV and 0.83 eV with air, oxygen and argon as the discharge gas, respectively. Solution pH and conductivity changed little when oxygen or argon was used as the discharge gas; however, these two parameters changed significantly when the discharge was performed in air. During the discharge treatment, the characteristic absorption peaks of brilliant red B gradually decreased where the decolorization followed the first-order kinetics. With 10 min of discharge, the decolorization of brilliant red B (30 mg L-1) can reach 96%, 81% and 62% in the cases of oxygen, argon and air, respectively. The analysis of by-products showed that the brilliant red B molecule can be effectively destroyed in this discharge mode.

  5. EU-Mashreq Relations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seeberg, Peter

    2018-01-01

    This chapter presents an overview of key issues in the relations between the European Union (EU) and the countries in the Mashreq region since the launching of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) in 2004. In this chapter, the Mashreq mainly refers to Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. 1...... Initially, it should be emphasized that the following analysis of EU-Mashreq relations is influenced by the very different political, social and economic realities in the four countries. As stated in a Strategy Paper from the European Commission in 2004, this was, from the beginning, reflected in ENP-related...... foreign policy considerations: the ENP Action Plans (APs) ‘will draw on a common set of principles but will be differentiated, reflecting the existing state of relations with each country, its needs and capacities, as well as common interests’ (Commission of the European Communities 2004). In the Mashreq...

  6. The Cloud2SM Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crinière, Antoine; Dumoulin, Jean; Mevel, Laurent; Andrade-Barosso, Guillermo; Simonin, Matthieu

    2015-04-01

    From the past decades the monitoring of civil engineering structure became a major field of research and development process in the domains of modelling and integrated instrumentation. This increasing of interest can be attributed in part to the need of controlling the aging of such structures and on the other hand to the need to optimize maintenance costs. From this standpoint the project Cloud2SM (Cloud architecture design for Structural Monitoring with in-line Sensors and Models tasking), has been launched to develop a robust information system able to assess the long term monitoring of civil engineering structures as well as interfacing various sensors and data. The specificity of such architecture is to be based on the notion of data processing through physical or statistical models. Thus the data processing, whether material or mathematical, can be seen here as a resource of the main architecture. The project can be divided in various items: -The sensors and their measurement process: Those items provide data to the main architecture and can embed storage or computational resources. Dependent of onboard capacity and the amount of data generated it can be distinguished heavy and light sensors. - The storage resources: Based on the cloud concept this resource can store at least two types of data, raw data and processed ones. - The computational resources: This item includes embedded "pseudo real time" resources as the dedicated computer cluster or computational resources. - The models: Used for the conversion of raw data to meaningful data. Those types of resources inform the system of their needs they can be seen as independents blocks of the system. - The user interface: This item can be divided in various HMI to assess maintaining operation on the sensors or pop-up some information to the user. - The demonstrators: The structures themselves. This project follows previous research works initiated in the European project ISTIMES [1]. It includes the infrared

  7. EU COMPARISON OF VAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIA ZENOVIA GRIGORE

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available VAT is one of the newest tools of the global economy and is widely adopted in most of the countries. For EU Member States is required not only the existence of VAT, but also that its main characteristics to be uniformly implemented. This should facilitate intra-Community transactions, but in practice does not as there are many local variations which can lead to costly errors and penalties. The objective of this paper is to collate data about the main characteristics of VAT in EU Member States and to highlight the key differences between them. This survey shows that there continue to be opportunities and risks for businesses trading cross border, as a result of differences in application of Community legislation on VAT. This led to the necessity of VAT reform. On this basis, the Commission adopted on the end of the last year a Communication on the future of VAT. This sets out the fundamental characteristics that must underlie the new VAT regime, and priority actions needed to create a simpler, more efficient and more robust VAT system in the EU.

  8. Cross sections of deuteron induced reactions on $^{nat}$Sm for production of the therapeutic radionuclide $^{145}$Sm and $^{153}$Sm

    OpenAIRE

    Tárkányi, F.; Hermanne, A.; Takács, S.; Ditrói, F.; Csikai, J.; Ignatyuk, A. V.

    2014-01-01

    At present, targeted radiotherapy (TR) is acknowledged to have great potential in oncology. A large list of interesting radionuclides is identified, including several radioisotopes of lanthanides, amongst them $^{145}$Sm and $^{153}$Sm. In this work the possibility of their production at a cyclotron was investigated using a deuteron beam and a samarium target. The excitation functions of the $^{nat}$Sm(d,x)$^{145153}$Sm reactions were determined for deuteron energies up to 50 MeV using the st...

  9. Activation cross-sections of deuteron induced reactions on {sup nat}Sm up to 50 MeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tárkányi, F. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (ATOMKI), 4026 Debrecen (Hungary); Hermanne, A. [Cyclotron Laboratory, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels (Belgium); Takács, S. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (ATOMKI), 4026 Debrecen (Hungary); Ditrói, F., E-mail: ditroi@atomki.hu [Institute for Nuclear Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (ATOMKI), 4026 Debrecen (Hungary); Csikai, J. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (ATOMKI), 4026 Debrecen (Hungary); Ignatyuk, A.V. [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk 249020 (Russian Federation)

    2014-08-15

    Highlights: •Deuteron induced reactions on natural samarium up to 50 MeV. •Stacked foil irradiation at different energies and accelerators. •Comparison of experimental results with the ALICE-D, EMPIRE-D and TALYS theoretical codes. •Calculation and comparison of thick target integral yields. -- Abstract: Activation cross-sections for deuteron induced reactions on Sm are presented for the first time for {sup nat}Sm(d,xn){sup 155,154,152m2,152m1,152g,150m,150g,149,148,147,146}Eu, {sup nat}Sm(d,x) {sup 153,145}Sm and {sup nat}Sm(d,x){sup 151,150,149,145,144,143}Pm up to 50 MeV. The cross-sections were measured by the stacked-foil irradiation technique and high resolution γ-ray spectrometry. The results were compared with results of nuclear reaction codes ALICE-D, EMPIRE-D and TALYS (from TENDL libraries). Integral yields of the products were calculated from the excitation functions.

  10. Conceptual Design Plan SM-43 Replacement Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    University of California, Los Alamos National Laboratory, SCC Project Office

    2000-11-01

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory Conceptual Design Plan for the SM-43 Replacement Project outlines plans for replacing the SM-43 Administration Building. Topics include the reasons that replacement is considered a necessity; the roles of the various project sponsors; and descriptions of the proposed site and facilities. Also covered in this proposal is preliminary information on the project schedule, cost estimates, acquisition strategy, risk assessment, NEPA strategy, safety strategy, and safeguards and security. Spreadsheets provide further detail on space requirements, project schedules, and cost estimates.

  11. Hard and soft X-ray spectroscopy of Sm-based heavy-fermion compounds SmFe{sub 4} P{sub 12} and SmOs{sub 4} Sb{sub 12}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamasaki, A. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Konan University, Kobe 658-8501 (Japan)], E-mail: yamasaki@konan-u.ac.jp; Imada, S.; Higashimichi, H.; Fujiwara, H.; Saita, T.; Miyamachi, T.; Sekiyama, A. [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); Sugawara, H. [Graduate School of Human and Natural Environment Science, University of Tokushima, Tokushima 770-8502 (Japan); Kikuchi, D.; Sato, H. [Graduate School of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397 (Japan); Higashiya, A. [RIKEN, Mikazuki, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Yabashi, M. [Japan Synchrotron Research Institute, Mikazuki, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Tamasaku, K.; Miwa, D.; Ishikawa, T. [RIKEN, Mikazuki, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Suga, S. [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan)

    2007-05-15

    We have carried out soft and hard X-ray spectroscopy of Sm-based filled skutterudites SmFe{sub 4} P{sub 12} and SmOs{sub 4} Sb{sub 12}. Sm 3d-4f resonant photoemission and Sm 3d-4f X-ray absorption spectra suggest that SmOs{sub 4} Sb{sub 12} has much more strongly mixed Sm valence state than SmFe{sub 4} P{sub 12} in the bulk. On the other hand, the Sm trivalent state is dominant on the surface of SmOs{sub 4} Sb{sub 12}.

  12. Development of EU Environmental Regulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klemmensen, Børge

    2007-01-01

    En tematiseret gennemgang af udviklingstrinene i EU's miljøpolitik fra de allerførste skirdt i 1970-72, der måtte basere sig på EU-traktatens generalklausul i Artikel 235, over declarationen på EU-topmødet i Paris i 1972, der kædede økonomisk udvikling sammen med et krav om hensyntagen til miljøe...

  13. الفائق التوصيل الكهربائي SmBa2Cu3O7-δ على خواص المركب Eu و Sn و Zn - تأثير التعويض الجزئي للعناصر

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    أحمد محمد كاظم

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available تمت دراسة تأثير التعويض الجزئي لعناصرEu  و Sr و Zn في كل من العناصرSm و Ba و Cu  على الترتيب على خواص المركب SmBa2Cu3O7-d ذي التوصيلية الكهربائيةالفائقة في درجات الحرارة العالية. أظهرت النتائج أن التعويض الجزئي لعنصر اليوروبيوم Eu في عنصر السماريوم Sm  أبقى المركب محافظا على هيئة تركيب المعيني القائم بينما أدى إلى زيادة درجة الحرارة الحرجة من K 88 الى 107 K عندما تزداد قيمة التعويض من 0 الى 0.2. أما التعويض الجزئي لعنصر السترونتيوم Sr في عنصر الباريومBa بنسب  0 و 0.1 و 0.2 و 0.3 و 0.4  و 0.5 قد اظهر تشوها في التركيب البلوري و انخفاض في قيم حجم وحدة الخلية و درجة الحرارة الحرجة. أما التعويض الجزئي لعنصر الخارصين Zn في عنصر النحاسCu  بنسبة 0.3 قد أدى إلى تشوه كبير جدا في التركيب البلوري و فقدان لخاصية التوصيل الكهربائي الفائق.

  14. Magnetic properties of Sm-Fe-N bulk magnets produced from Cu-plated Sm-Fe-N powder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetsuji Saito

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In this study, Cu-plated Sm-Fe-N powder was prepared for consolidation by the SPS method. The structures and magnetic properties of Sm-Fe-N bulk magnets produced from the Cu-plated Sm-Fe-N powder were examined. It was found that the powder could be consolidated into bulk materials at low temperatures of 473–673 K. The Sm-Fe-N magnet produced at a temperature of 473K from the Cu-plated Sm-Fe-N powder showed a high coercivity of 9.5 kOe, close to that of the Sm-Fe-N powder.

  15. Brilliant Blue FCF as an Alternative Dye for Saphenous Vein Graft Marking Effect on Conduit Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voskresensky, Igor V.; Wise, Eric S.; Hocking, Kyle M.; Li, Fan Dong; Osgood, Michael J.; Komalavilas, Padmini; Brophy, Colleen; Cheung-Flynn, Joyce

    2014-01-01

    IMPORTANCE Surgical skin markers are used off-label to mark human saphenous veins (HSVs) to maintain orientation before implantation as aortocoronary or peripheral arterial bypass grafts. These surgical skin markers impair functional responses of the HSV tissue. OBJECTIVES To investigate the effect of brilliant blue dye 1 (brilliant blue FCF [for food coloring]; hereinafter, FCF) as a nontoxic alternative marking dye and to determine whether FCF has pharmacological properties. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Segments of HSVs were collected in university hospitals from patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting procedures immediately after harvest (unmanipulated) or after typical intraoperative surgical graft preparation (after manipulation). Rat inferior venae cavae were used to determine the pharmacological properties and cellular targets of FCF. Endothelial and smooth muscle functional responses were determined in a muscle bath, and intimal thickening in HSVs was determined after 14 days in organ culture. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Contractile responses were measured in force and converted to stress. Smooth muscle function was expressed as maximal responses to potassium chloride depolarization contractions. Endothelial function was defined as the percentage of relaxation of maximal agonist-induced contraction. Neointimal thickness was measured by histomorphometric analysis. RESULTS Human saphenous veins stored in the presence of FCF had no loss of endothelial or smooth muscle function. Unmanipulated HSVs preserved in the presence of FCF demonstrated a significant increase in endothelial-dependent relaxation (mean [SEM], 25.2% [6.4%] vs 30.2% [6.7%]; P = .02). Application of FCF to functionally nonviable tissue significantly enhanced the smooth muscle responses (mean [SEM], 0.018 [0.004] × 105N/m2 vs 0.057 [0.016] × 105 N/m2; P = .05). Treatment with FCF reduced intimal thickness in organ culture (mean [SEM], −17.5% [2.1%] for unmanipulated HSVs vs

  16. Preparation and quality control of {sup 153}Sm radiopharmaceuticals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swasono, R. Tamat; Widyastuti, W.; Purwadi, B.; Laksmi, I. [Radioisotope Production Center - BATAN, Jakarta (Indonesia)

    1998-10-01

    The paper summarizes the preparation and quality control of {sup 153}Sm-EDTMP and three {sup 153}Sm-radiosynovectomy agents. Natural and enriched Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} (98.7% {sup 152}Sm) irradiated in RSG-GAS 30 MW reactor yielded pure and high specific activity {sup 153}Sm. Labeling of EDTMP with {sup 153}Sm was carried out by mixing {sup 153}SmCl{sub 3} solution of pH 4.0 to an EDTMP solution at room temperature then pH adjustment to 8. The {sup 153}Sm-EDTMP complex was separated from the free {sup 153}Sm{sup +3} on a Chelex 100 column. Radiochemical purity was determined by thin layer chromatography using Cellulose sheets and pyridine: ethanol: water (1: 2: 4) mixture as solvent. The {sup 153}Sm-EDTMP has been shown to be stable for two weeks. Three particulate preparations of {sup 153}Sm used for the irradiation of chronic synovitis have been studied. They are hydroxyapatite particles, human serum albumin microspheres and ferric hydroxide macroaggregates. The {sup 153}Sm-ferric hydroxide macroaggregates were prepared in a single step by coprecipitation of {sup 153}Sm in the formation of Fe(OH){sub 3}. Preparation of {sup 153}Sm-labelled hydroxyapatite particles and {sup 153}Sm-labelled albumin microspheres were carried out by {sup 153}Sm labelling of previously prepared particles. Radiolabelling efficiency were greater than 95% for hydroxyapatite particles and macroaggregates and was lower than 20% for albumin microspheres. The particle sizes were inspected using an optical microscope with a haemocytometer and micrometric ocular. (author)

  17. A multipurpose solid-phase method for protein determination with Coomassie brilliant blue G-250.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Said-Fernández, S; González-Garza, M T; Mata-Cárdenas, B D; Navarro-Marmolejo, L

    1990-11-15

    The multipurpose method for protein determination (MMPD) is based in the Coomassie brilliant blue G-250 binding to immobilized and washed proteins in paper filter disks, and the A600 measurement of the eluted protein-dye complexes. The analysis requires 5-microliters samples, put in 7-mm paper filter disks, which can be stored for up to 2 weeks, without sensible changes in their protein content. The A600 is a logarithmic function of the log of bovine serum albumin quantity, between 2.5 and 250 micrograms with two linear segments used as standard curves: one between 2.5 to 20 micrograms and the other between 20 and 80 micrograms. Results with the MMPD were quantitatively comparable with those obtained with the method of Lowry et al., and those reported by other workers, assaying the following material: (i) bovine serum albumin, in doubly distilled water or in presence of several substances that interfere with the current methods; and (ii) total homogenates and their respective trichloroacetic acid-insoluble extracts, which were obtained from several phenol-rich vegetal specimens and complex animal products. The MMPD is proposed as an alternative for protein determination for its versatility and reliability, in both vegetal or animal products, especially when the analysis with traditional methods is made difficult by the presence of natural or added interfering substances and the sample volume is too small to discard them, or when the material must be stored for relatively long periods of time, prior to its processing.

  18. Decolorization of synthetic brilliant green carpet industry dye through fungal co-culture technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumari, Simpal; Naraian, Ram

    2016-09-15

    Aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficiency of fungal co-culture for the decolorization of synthetic brilliant green carpet industry dye. For this purpose two lignocellulolytic fungi Pleurotus florida (PF) and Rhizoctonia solani (RS) were employed. The study includes determination of enzyme profiles (laccase and peroxidase), dye decolorization efficiency of co-culture and crude enzyme extracts. Both fungi produced laccase and Mn peroxidase and successfully decolorized solutions of different concentrations (2.0, 4.0, 6.0, & 8.0(w/v) of dye. The co-culture resulted highest 98.54% dye decolorization at 2% (w/v) of dye as compared to monocultures (82.12% with PF and 68.89% with RS) during 12 days of submerged fermentation. The lower levels of dyes were rapidly decolorized, while higher levels in slow order as 87.67% decolorization of 8% dye. The promising achievement of the study was remarkable decolorizing efficiency of co-culture over monocultures. The direct treatment of the mono and co-culture enzyme extracts to dye also influenced remarkable. The highest enzymatic decolorization was through combined (PF and RS) extracts, while lesser by monoculture extracts. Based on the observations and potentiality of co-culture technology; further it can be exploited for the bioremediation of areas contaminated with hazardous environmental pollutants including textile and other industry effluents. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Antiviral activity of gliotoxin, gentian violet and brilliant green against Nipah and Hendra virus in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meyer Adam G

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Using a recently described monolayer assay amenable to high throughput screening format for the identification of potential Nipah virus and Hendra virus antivirals, we have partially screened a low molecular weight compound library (>8,000 compounds directly against live virus infection and identified twenty eight promising lead molecules. Initial single blind screens were conducted with 10 μM compound in triplicate with a minimum efficacy of 90% required for lead selection. Lead compounds were then further characterised to determine the median efficacy (IC50, cytotoxicity (CC50 and the in vitro therapeutic index in live virus and pseudotype assay formats. Results While a number of leads were identified, the current work describes three commercially available compounds: brilliant green, gentian violet and gliotoxin, identified as having potent antiviral activity against Nipah and Hendra virus. Similar efficacy was observed against pseudotyped Nipah and Hendra virus, vesicular stomatitis virus and human parainfluenza virus type 3 while only gliotoxin inhibited an influenza A virus suggesting a non-specific, broad spectrum activity for this compound. Conclusion All three of these compounds have been used previously for various aspects of anti-bacterial and anti-fungal therapy and the current results suggest that while unsuitable for internal administration, they may be amenable to topical antiviral applications, or as disinfectants and provide excellent positive controls for future studies.

  20. High resolution laser micro sintering / melting using q-switched and high brilliant laser radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Exner, H.; Streek, A.

    2015-03-01

    Since the discovery of selective laser sintering/melting, numerous modifications have been made to upgrade or customize this technology for industrial purposes. Laser micro sintering (LMS) is one of those modifications: Powders with particles in the range of a few micrometers are used to obtain products with highly resolved structures. Pulses of a q-switched laser had been considered necessary in order to generate sinter layers from the micrometer scaled metal powders. LMS has been applied with powders from metals as well as from ceramic and cermet feedstock's to generate micro parts. Recent technological progress and the application of high brilliant continuous laser radiation have now allowed an efficient laser sintering/melting of micrometer scaled metal powders. Thereby it is remarkable that thin sinter layers are generated using high continuous laser power. The principles of the process, the state of the art in LMS concerning its advantages and limitations and furthermore the latest results of the recent development of this technology will be presented. Laser Micro Sintering / Laser Micro Melting (LMM) offer a vision for a new dimension of additive fabrication of miniature and precise parts also with application potential in all engineering fields.

  1. Downsizing of Johansson spectrometer for X-ray fluorescence trace analysis with brilliant undulator source

    CERN Document Server

    Sakurai, K; Inoue, K; Yagi, N

    2001-01-01

    The downsizing of a Johansson-type X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometer has been examined as a way of enhancing detection efficiency with a tolerable loss of energy resolution. A compact spectrometer equipped with a Ge(2 2 0) analyzing crystal with a Rowland radius of 120 mm has been tested with a highly brilliant helical undulator source at BL40XU, SPring-8. The energy resolution obtained for cobalt K alpha sub 1 (6930.32 eV) was 8.8 eV, which is 10-20 times better than that obtained using a Si(Li) detector, and effectively improved the signal-to-background ratio for XRF spectra. The combination of the present spectrometer and a third generation synchrotron source could provide new opportunities for trace analytical applications, which have been difficult so far by conventional synchrotron XRF experiments based on a Si(Li) detector system. The detection limit obtained for solid bulk samples has reached a level of several tens of ppb.

  2. Adsorption of Methylene Blue, Bromophenol Blue, and Coomassie Brilliant Blue by α-chitin nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhananasekaran, Solairaj; Palanivel, Rameshthangam; Pappu, Srinivasan

    2016-01-01

    Expelling of dyestuff into water resource system causes major thread to the environment. Adsorption is the cost effective and potential method to remove the dyes from the effluents. Therefore, an attempt was made to study the adsorption of dyestuff (Methylene Blue (MB), Bromophenol Blue (BPB) and Coomassie Brilliant Blue (CBB)) by α-chitin nanoparticles (CNP) prepared from Penaeus monodon (Fabricius, 1798) shell waste. On contrary to the most recognizable adsorption studies using chitin, this is the first study using unique nanoparticles of ⩽50 nm used for the dye adsorption process. The results showed that the adsorption process increased with increase in the concentration of CNP, contact time and temperature with the dyestuff, whereas the adsorption process decreased with increase in the initial dye concentration and strong acidic pH. The results from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed that the interaction between dyestuff and CNP involved physical adsorption. The adsorption process obeys Langmuir isotherm (R (2) values were 0.992, 0.999 and 0.992 for MB, BPB and CBB, and RL value lies between 0 and 1 for all the three dyes) and pseudo second order kinetics (R (2) values were 0.996, 0.999 and 0.996 for MB, BPB and CBB) more effectively. The isotherm and kinetic models confirmed that CNP can be used as a suitable adsorbent material for the removal of dyestuff from effluents.

  3. Adsorption of Methylene Blue, Bromophenol Blue, and Coomassie Brilliant Blue by α-chitin nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solairaj Dhananasekaran

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Expelling of dyestuff into water resource system causes major thread to the environment. Adsorption is the cost effective and potential method to remove the dyes from the effluents. Therefore, an attempt was made to study the adsorption of dyestuff (Methylene Blue (MB, Bromophenol Blue (BPB and Coomassie Brilliant Blue (CBB by α-chitin nanoparticles (CNP prepared from Penaeus monodon (Fabricius, 1798 shell waste. On contrary to the most recognizable adsorption studies using chitin, this is the first study using unique nanoparticles of ⩽50 nm used for the dye adsorption process. The results showed that the adsorption process increased with increase in the concentration of CNP, contact time and temperature with the dyestuff, whereas the adsorption process decreased with increase in the initial dye concentration and strong acidic pH. The results from Fourier transform infrared (FTIR spectroscopy confirmed that the interaction between dyestuff and CNP involved physical adsorption. The adsorption process obeys Langmuir isotherm (R2 values were 0.992, 0.999 and 0.992 for MB, BPB and CBB, and RL value lies between 0 and 1 for all the three dyes and pseudo second order kinetics (R2 values were 0.996, 0.999 and 0.996 for MB, BPB and CBB more effectively. The isotherm and kinetic models confirmed that CNP can be used as a suitable adsorbent material for the removal of dyestuff from effluents.

  4. Biocompatibility of brilliant blue G in a rat model of subretinal injection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ueno, Akifumi; Hisatomi, Toshio; Enaida, Hiroshi; Kagimoto, Tadahisa; Mochizuki, Yasutaka; Goto, Yoshinobu; Kubota, Toshiaki; Hata, Yasuaki; Ishibashi, Tatsuro

    2007-01-01

    To evaluate the toxicity of brilliant blue G (BBG) compared with those of indocyanine green (ICG) and trypan blue (TB) in a rat model of subretinal injection. Retinal detachment was produced by subretinal injection of the dyes. The biocompatibility of BBG (0.25 mg/mL) was evaluated over 2 months and 2 weeks by ophthalmic examinations. The eyes were enucleated and analyzed by light, fluorescence, as well as transmission electron microscopy. Apoptotic cell death was detected by TdT-dUTP terminal nick-end labeling. The results were compared with those for ICG (5 mg/mL) and TB (1 mg/mL). ICG caused retinal degeneration and retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell atrophy 2 weeks after subretinal injection. Apoptotic cell death was detected in the inner and outer nuclear layers and the RPE layer, especially the photoreceptors. TB caused less retinal degeneration, mainly in the area detached by the subretinal injection. BBG had no detectable toxic effects after 2 months and 2 weeks. Apoptotic cell death was detected in the ICG and TB groups, mainly in the photoreceptors. Subretinal injection of the dyes caused retinal cell degeneration at lower concentrations than those reported for intravitreous injection. However, subretinal injection of BBG at 0.25 mg/mL appeared to provide satisfactory biocompatibility.

  5. Adsorption Behavior and Kinetic Characteristic of Cibacron Brilliant Red 3B-A by Granular Activated Carbon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jong Jib [Kongju National University, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-08-15

    In this paper, the adsorption behavior and kinetic characteristics of cibacron brilliant red 3B-A from aqueous solution using granular activated carbon were investigated. The effect of various parameters such as adsorbent dose, pH, initial concentration, contact time and temperature on the adsorption system were studied. Base on the estimated Langmuir constant (R{sub L}) and Freundlich constant (1/n), This process could be employed as effective treatment method. From the Temkin constant (B) and Dubinin-Radushkevich constant (E), This adsorption process is physical adsorption. From kinetic experiments, the adsorption process followed the pseudo second order model with good correlation. Base on the Gibbs free energy and enthalpy, the adsorption of cibacron brilliant red 3B-A onto granular activated carbon was physisorption and endothermic in nature.

  6. Interaction mode between methylene blue-Sm(III) complex and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thermodynamic function computation demonstrates that ΔrSmӨ is the primary driving power of the interaction between MB-Sm(III)and herring sperm DNA. By combination analysis of the Scatchard method, circular dichroism spectroscopy and viscosity method, it suggests that the interaction mode between MB-Sm(III) ...

  7. Kampen om det sibiriske smør

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Inge Marie

    2001-01-01

    Afhandlingen følger opbygningen af og udviklingen i den vestsibiriske smørsektor og den internationale handel med sibirisk smør. Hvordan gik det til, at Rusland blev verdens næststørste smøreksportør? Indfaldsvinkelen er lokal sibirisk, national russisk og global, idet danske og engelske firmaers...

  8. EU pharmaceutical expenditure forecast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urbinati, Duccio; Rémuzat, Cécile; Kornfeld, Åsa; Vataire, Anne-Lise; Cetinsoy, Laurent; Aballéa, Samuel; Mzoughi, Olfa; Toumi, Mondher

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives With constant incentives for healthcare payers to contain their pharmaceutical budgets, forecasting has become critically important. Some countries have, for instance, developed pharmaceutical horizon scanning units. The objective of this project was to build a model to assess the net effect of the entrance of new patented medicinal products versus medicinal products going off-patent, with a defined forecast horizon, on selected European Union (EU) Member States’ pharmaceutical budgets. This model took into account population ageing, as well as current and future country-specific pricing, reimbursement, and market access policies (the project was performed for the European Commission; see http://ec.europa.eu/health/healthcare/key_documents/index_en.htm). Method In order to have a representative heterogeneity of EU Member States, the following countries were selected for the analysis: France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Portugal, and the United Kingdom. A forecasting period of 5 years (2012–2016) was chosen to assess the net pharmaceutical budget impact. A model for generics and biosimilars was developed for each country. The model estimated a separate and combined effect of the direct and indirect impacts of the patent cliff. A second model, estimating the sales development and the risk of development failure, was developed for new drugs. New drugs were reviewed individually to assess their clinical potential and translate it into commercial potential. The forecast was carried out according to three perspectives (healthcare public payer, society, and manufacturer), and several types of distribution chains (retail, hospital, and combined retail and hospital). Probabilistic and deterministic sensitivity analyses were carried out. Results According to the model, all countries experienced drug budget reductions except Poland (+€41 million). Savings were expected to be the highest in the United Kingdom (−€9,367 million), France

  9. Carbon pricing in the EU

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brink, Corjan; Vollebergh, Herman R.J.; Werf, van der Edwin

    2016-01-01

    This paper studies various options to support allowance prices in the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), such as adjusting the cap, an auction reserve price, and fixed and variable carbon taxes in addition to the EU ETS. We use a dynamic computable general equilibrium model that explicitly allows

  10. Trade microenterprises in EU economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Gołaś

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The article shows the results of the analysis of positions of microenterprises in trade and repair in European Union (EU economy. The results show that microenterprises make up the most numerous group of economic subjects in EU. In terms of income generation, value added, labour productivity and financial efficiency the position of microenterprises in enterprises sector is conclusively the weakest.

  11. Solar light driven enhanced photocatalytic degradation of brilliant green dye based on ZnS quantum dots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaur, Sharanjit; Sharma, Shelja; Umar, Ahmad; Singh, Surinder; Mehta, S. K.; Kansal, Sushil Kumar

    2017-03-01

    Herein, we report the successful synthesis, detailed characterization and solar-light driven photocatalytic degradation of zinc sulfide (ZnS) quantum dots. The ZnS quantum dots were synthesized in high yield by co-precipitation method using sodium dodecyl sulfate as a stabilizing agent. The as-synthesized ZnS quantum dots were characterized in detail in terms of their morphological, structural, compositional, thermal and optical properties. The detailed characterizations confirmed that the synthesized quantum dots are well-crystalline, possessing cubic phase of zinc blende structure, pure and exhibiting good optical properties. The synthesized quantum dots were further used as potential photocatalyst for the photocatalytic degradation of brilliant green dye under solar-light irradiation which exhibited 88% degradation. The process parameters, such as pH and catalyst dose, for the photocatalytic degradation of brilliant green dye was elaborately examined in order to evaluate the highest degradation rate of targeted dye. Further, the experimental data were fitted well in the pseudo-first order kinetic model. Finally, a possible mechanism for the photocatalytic degradation of brilliant green dye by ZnS quantum dots was also suggested.

  12. Aqueous Two-Phase Systems: A New Approach for the Determination of Brilliant Blue FCF in Water and Food Samples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabah Shiri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A novel, simple, and more sensitive spectrophotometric procedure has been developed for the determination of brilliant blue FCF in water and food samples by an aqueous two-phase system (ATPS. In this method, adequate amount of polyethylene glycol/ sodium carbonate (PEG-4000/Na2CO3 was added to aqueous solution for formation of a homogeneous solution. To the mixture solution, suitable amount of Na2CO3 was added, the mixture solution was shaken until the salt was dissolved, and then it was separated into two clear phases easily and rapidly. The target analyte in the water sample was extracted into the polyethylene glycol phase. After extraction, measuring the absorbance at 634 nm was done. The effects of different parameters such as polyethylene glycol (type and concentration, pH, salt (type and amount, centrifuge time, and temperature on the ATPS of dye was investigated and optimum conditions were established. Linear calibration curves were obtained in the range of 0.25–750 ng/mL for brilliant blue FCF under optimum conditions. Detection limit based on three times the standard deviation of the blank (3Sb was 0.12 ng/mL. The relative standard deviation (RSD for 400 ng/mL was 3.14%. The method was successfully applied to the determination of brilliant blue FCF in spiked samples with satisfactory results. The relative recovery was between 96.0 and 102.2%.

  13. Ultrafast and nonlinear spectroscopy of brilliant green-based nanoGUMBOS with enhanced near-infrared emission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karam, Tony E.; Siraj, Noureen; Zhang, Zhenyu; Ezzir, Abdulrahman F.; Warner, Isiah M.; Haber, Louis H.

    2017-10-01

    The synthesis, characterization, ultrafast dynamics, and nonlinear spectroscopy of 30 nm nanospheres of brilliant green-bis(pentafluoroethylsulfonyl)imide ([BG][BETI]) in water are reported. These thermally stable nanoparticles are derived from a group of uniform materials based on organic salts (nanoGUMBOS) that exhibit enhanced near-infrared emission compared with the molecular dye in water. The examination of ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy results reveals that the overall excited-state relaxation lifetimes of [BG][BETI] nanoGUMBOS are longer than the brilliant green molecular dye in water due to steric hindrance of the torsional degrees of freedom of the phenyl rings around the central carbon. Furthermore, the second harmonic generation signal of [BG][BETI] nanoGUMBOS is enhanced by approximately 7 times and 23 times as compared with colloidal gold nanoparticles of the same size and the brilliant green molecular dye in water, respectively. A very clear third harmonic generation signal is observed from the [BG][BETI] nanoGUMBOS but not from either the molecular dye or the gold nanoparticles. Overall, these results show that [BG][BETI] nanoGUMBOS exhibit altered ultrafast and nonlinear spectroscopy that is beneficial for various applications including nonlinear imaging probes, biomedical imaging, and molecular sensing.

  14. EU Food Health Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edinger, Wieke Willemijn Huizing

    This thesis shows that the distinction between food safety and non-safety issues in Regulation (EC) No 178/2002, the General Food Law (GFL), results in a grey area of regulation. This grey area comprises foods that do not pose a food safety risk in a legal sense, but that could pose a threat...... food law does not address the grey area directly. Whereas the responsibility for the prevention or mitigation of food safety risks rests, in principle, with food operators, the main responsibility for the avoidance of non-safety health threats is placed with consumers, who are expected to make informed...... and rational dietary choices on the basis of the food information provided on food labels or generally available in society. In recent years, the EU legislative has shown increased commitment to further empower consumers in pace with the advancement of modern manufacturing and advertising techniques...

  15. EU Food Health Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edinger, Wieke Willemijn Huizing

    to human health because of other factors, such as their nutritional composition. The growing prevalence of obesity and non-communicable diseases are examples of contemporary health challenges that are difficult to fit into the rather narrow concept of food safety risks in the GFL. The conclusion is that EU......This thesis shows that the distinction between food safety and non-safety issues in Regulation (EC) No 178/2002, the General Food Law (GFL), results in a grey area of regulation. This grey area comprises foods that do not pose a food safety risk in a legal sense, but that could pose a threat...... food law does not address the grey area directly. Whereas the responsibility for the prevention or mitigation of food safety risks rests, in principle, with food operators, the main responsibility for the avoidance of non-safety health threats is placed with consumers, who are expected to make informed...

  16. National Courts and EU Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This insightful and discerning book offers a fresh discourse on the functioning of national courts as decentralised EU courts and a new thematic for revising some older understandings of how national judges apply EU law. Organised into three key sections, the interdisciplinary chapters combine...... approaches and theories originating from law, political science, sociology and economics. The first section addresses issues relating to judicial dialogue and EU legal mandates, the second looks at the topic of EU law in national courts and the third considers national courts’ roles in protecting fundamental...... rights in the area of freedom, security and justice. The analysis of each is enriched through diverse research methods such as case-law analysis, citation network analysis, interviews, surveys and statistics. With its new legal and empirical assessment covering the newest member states of the EU...

  17. Probing metastable Sm2+ and optically stimulated tunnelling emission in YPO4: Ce, Sm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prasad, Amit Kumar; Kook, Myung Ho; Jain, Mayank

    2017-01-01

    When the model dosimetry system YPO4: Ce3+, Sm3+ is exposed to X-rays, the charge state of the dopants changes, becoming Ce4+ and Sm2+ via hole and electron trapping, respectively which are metastable; the original charge states can be achieved through electron transfer back from Sm2+ to Ce4+ via...

  18. From EuCARD to EuCARD-2

    CERN Multimedia

    Chaudron, M

    2013-01-01

    The one word that best describes the spirit of the EuCARD ’13 event (see here) that took place from 10 to 14 June at CERN is "collaboration". The event brought together more than 180 accelerator specialists from all over the world to celebrate the conclusion of the EuCARD project and to kick off its successor, EuCARD-2.   EuCARD-2 brings a global view to particle accelerator research in order to address challenges for future generations of accelerators. The project officially began on 1 May 2013 and will run for four years. With a total budget of €23.4 million, including an €8 million EU contribution, it will build upon the success of EuCARD and push it into an even more innovative regime. EuCARD-2 aims to significantly enhance multidisciplinary R&D for European accelerators and will actively contribute to the development of a European Research Area in accelerator science. This will be accomplished by promoting complementary expertise, cross-d...

  19. X(5 Symmetry to 152Sm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eid S. A.

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The excited positive and negative parity states, potential energy surfaces, V ( ; , electromagnetic transition probabilities, B ( E 1, B ( E 2, electric monopole strength X ( E 0 = E 2 and staggering e ect, I = 1, were calculated successfully using the inter- acting boson approximation model IBA -1. The calculated values are compared to the available experimental data and show reasonable agreement. The energy ratios and contour plot of the potential energy surfaces show that 152 Sm is an X (5 candidate.

  20. The price for reduced light toxicity: Do endoilluminator spectral filters decrease color contrast during Brilliant Blue G-assisted chromovitrectomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henrich, Paul B; Valmaggia, Christophe; Lang, Corina; Cattin, Philippe C

    2014-03-01

    Vitreoretinal surgeons have been slow to adopt the use of spectral filters for endoillumination to reduce retinal light toxicity. This study shows that spectral filters can be used without a loss in color contrast during brilliant blue G chromovitrectomy. To evaluate the influence of intra operative spectral light filters on perceivable contrast during Brilliant Blue G chromovitrectomy, a prospective, observational clinical study was carried out on 59 consecutive Brilliant Blue G chromovitrectomy interventions in 59 patients admitted for macular holes, macular pucker or vitreomacular traction syndromes. Subsequent to peeling of the internal limiting membrane, six different illumination modes were enabled consecutively: mercury vapor, mercury vapor/xenon, and xenon followed by xenon combined with an amber, green or yellow spectral filter. Main outcome measure was the chromaticity spread between stained internal limiting membrane and unstained retina as a measure for the color contrast perceived by the human eye. Mean chromaticity scores were similar for all light sources: mercury vapor 7.97, mercury vapor/xenon 7.96 (p = 0.96), and xenon 7.41 (p = 0.55). Compared to xenon, the additional use of endoillumination spectral filters did not change contrast recognizability: Chromaticity scores were 9.38 for the amber filter (p = 0.13), 6.63 for the green and 7.02 for the yellow filter (p = 0.37 and 0.64, respectively). When comparing the different filters head-to-head, the amber filter was superior to the green filter (p = 0.03), while the yellow was intermediate and not significantly different from either the amber (p = 0.08) or the green filter (p = 0.51). Color contrast perceptibility during Brilliant Blue G assisted chromovitrectomy is similar with mercury vapor, mercury vapor/xenon or xenon light sources. Spectral filters do not decrease color contrast recognizability. Head-to-head comparison shows a significant advantage for the amber

  1. Preparation of Sm doped cerium dioxide film by anodization

    Science.gov (United States)

    LIU, Xiaozhen; Yang, Junhua; Liu, Xiaozhou; Xia, Letian; Chen, Jie; Zhu, Ying

    2017-04-01

    The Sm doped cerium dioxide films were prepared with cerium foils as raw materials by anodization in Sm(NO3)3-Na2C2O4-NH3·H2O-H2O-(CH2OH)2 electrolyte. The anodic Sm doped cerium oxide film was heat treated at 550°C. The Sm doped cerium dioxide films were characterized with X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive analyses of X-ray (EDAX), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) techniques and scanning electron microcopy (SEM), respectively. The anodic Sm doped cerium oxide film is semi crystalline film. The heat treated anodic Sm doped cerium oxide film at 550°C has a structure of cubic fluorite. The doping of Sm is replacement doping or caulking doping. The Sm doped cerium dioxide film is porous film. The water, ethylene glycol and CO2 are adsorbed in the anodic Sm doped cerium oxide film. The adsorbing water, ethylene glycol and CO2 in the anodic Sm doped cerium oxide film are removed at 550°C. The Sm doped cerium dioxide film has strong absorption in the range of 1200 ~ 4000cm-1.

  2. A practical method to generate brilliant hard x-rays with a tabletop electron storage ring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamada, H. [Ritsumeikan Univ., Shiga (Japan); Amano, D.; Miyade, H. [Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd., Tanashi-City (Japan)

    1995-12-31

    With electron storage rings not only synchrotron radiation(SR) but also bremsstrahlung(BS) from a thin target placed in the electron orbit are mechanisms to generate brilliant x-ray beams. The calculated brilliance of BS with a 50 MeV storage ring, which is nearly 10{sup 13} photons/s, mrad{sup 2}, mm{sup 2}, 0.1% band width for 100 keV x-rays, exceeds that of SR from a 1 GeV storage ring. This photon energy spectrum is almost constant and extend up to the electron energy. The reasons for this high brilliance with this new radiation scheme is that the electron beams penetrating the thin target are utilized repeatedly, the narrow angular divergence of BS is determined by the kinematics of relativistic electron as same as SR, and the x-ray source size of the order of 1 {mu}m is determined by the size of thin target instead of electron beam sizes. Continuous injection of electron beam to the storage ring at full energy is the way to keep high and constant beam current. Peak current and repetition rate determine x-ray out put power. Note that the power of x-ray beam is also provided from a RF cavity of the storage ring. In this paper we will report some experimental results and discuss further application on a coherent bremsstrahlung generated from a set of stacked foils placed in the electron orbit of the ring. Resulting from these investigations the photon storage ring which is based on a 50 MeV exact circular electron storage ring could provide wide range of coherent and incoherent radiations from far infrared to hard x-ray in a practical amount of radiation power.

  3. Brilliant radiation sources by laser-plasma accelerators and optical undulators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Debus, Alexander

    2012-09-06

    This thesis investigates the use of high-power lasers for synchrotron radiation sources with high brilliance, from the EUV to the hard X-ray spectral range. Hereby lasers accelerate electrons by laser-wakefield acceleration (LWFA), act as optical undulators, or both. Experimental evidence shows for the first time that LWFA electron bunches are shorter than the driving laser and have a length scale comparable to the plasma wavelength. Furthermore, a first proof of principle experiment demonstrates that LWFA electrons can be exploited to generate undulator radiation. Building upon these experimental findings, as well as extensive numerical simulations of Thomson scattering, the theoretical foundations of a novel interaction geometry for laser-matter interaction are developed. This new method is very general and when tailored towards relativistically moving targets not being limited by the focusability (Rayleigh length) of the laser, while it does not require a waveguide. In a theoretical investigation of Thomson scattering, the optical analogue of undulator radiation, the limits of Thomson sources in scaling towards higher peak brilliances are highlighted. This leads to a novel method for generating brilliant, highly tunable X-ray sources, which is highly energy efficient by circumventing the laser Rayleigh limit through a novel traveling-wave Thomson scattering (TWTS) geometry. This new method suggests increases in X-ray photon yields of 2-3 orders of magnitudes using existing lasers and a way towards efficient, optical undulators to drive a free-electron laser. The results presented here extend far beyond the scope of this work. The possibility to use lasers as particle accelerators, as well as optical undulators, leads to very compact and energy efficient synchrotron sources. The resulting monoenergetic radiation of high brilliance in a range from extreme ultraviolet (EUV) to hard X-ray radiation is of fundamental importance for basic research, medical

  4. The staining pattern of brilliant blue G during macular hole surgery: a clinicopathologic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steel, David H W; Dinah, Christiana; Madi, Haifa A; Magdi, Haifa; White, Kathryn; Rees, Jon

    2014-08-14

    To describe the intraoperative staining pattern of the internal limiting membrane (ILM)-specific dye Brilliant Blue G (BBG) in a cohort of patients with idiopathic macular holes; to analyze the associations of the staining pattern with pre- and postoperative variables and to correlate the staining pattern with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of the excised ILM. Fifty-five consecutive patients were studied. The staining pattern was divided into three subtypes based on the intraoperative appearance. The presence of a narrow rim of nonstaining around the macular hole (MH) edge was noted and measured. In the final 21 patients, the excised ILM was examined with TEM. The pattern of staining observed was categorized as uniform in 33 patients (60%), patchy nonstaining in 17 (31%), and no visible staining in 5 (9%). The staining pattern correlated with the MH stage. In the patients with uniform or patchy staining, a nonstaining rim was observed in 26 (52%) of the 50. The presence of a rim was associated with a greater hole diameter and lower postoperative visual acuity. The stain pattern correlated significantly with the amount of cellular tissue on the vitreous side of the ILM on TEM, with a greater proportion of multicellular layer membranes and new collagen in the incomplete staining groups. A variety of nonstaining patterns around macular holes can be observed using BBG, and these patterns correlate to the amount of cellular tissue on the vitreous side of the ILM seen histologically. These patterns could be used to guide the ILM peeling requirement or extent in future studies. Copyright 2014 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc.

  5. All aspect of toxic effect of brilliant blue and sunset yellow in Allium cepa roots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koç, Kemal; Pandir, Dilek

    2018-01-10

    Substances added to food are considerable for survival and are the oldest technologies used in preservation, sweetening and coloring. This work was conducted to evaluate the toxicity of the food additives sunset yellow (SY) and brilliant blue (BB) on Allium cepa root meristematic cells. Control and treatment groups were created from germinated roots. Group 1 (control group) did not receive chemicals. Group 2 (SY or BB-treatment group), received increasing doses of SY (25, 50, 100 and 500 ppm) and BB (100, 200, 400 and 500 ppm) with time periods of 24, 48 and 72 h. After different treatment periods, the roots were obtained from all groups and EC50 concentrations, cell death, chromosome aberrations, mitotic index were observed by a light microscopy. Changing antioxidant capacity of roots was determined by FRAP and TEAC assay. Also, DNA damage was measured by comet assay and RAPD-PCR technique. Approximately 50 and 200 ppm were accepted as EC50 value for SY and BB, respectively. Chromosome aberration values were obtained with increasing concentrations and longer treatment times such as chromosome bridge, C-mitosis, micronucleus, chromosome mis-segregation in both groups. Increasing exposure doses of SY and BB caused decreasing mitotic index values at 72 h. FRAP and TEAC assay showed that antioxidant capacity of roots was decreased by increasing concentrations of SY and BB. The tail DNA% and tail length significantly increased for all exposure times when compared to the control group. 50 and 200 ppm of SY and BB caused a genotoxic effect on genetic material at 72 h according to RAPD-PCR. Increasing the doses of SY and BB resulted in increased toxicity to all studied parameters of A. cepa. In conclusion, the SY and BB tested in this study have cytotoxic and mutagenic potential. Furthermore, SY is more harmful than BB for use in the A. cepa root meristematic cells.

  6. EU Smart City Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmela Gargiulo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years European Commission has developed a set of documents for Members States tracing, directly or indirectly, recommendations for the transformation of the European city. The paper wants to outline which future EU draws for the city, through an integrated and contextual reading of addresses and strategies contained in the last documents, a future often suggested as Smart City. Although the three main documents (Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 of European Community, Digital Agenda for Europe and European Urban Agenda face the issue of the future development of European cities from different points of view, which are respectively cohesion social, ICT and urban dimension, each of them pays particular attention to urban and territorial dimension, identified by the name of Smart City. In other words, the paper aims at drawing the scenario of evolution of Smart Cities that can be delineated through the contextual reading of the three documents. To this end, the paper is divided into three parts: the first part briefly describes the general contents of the three European economic plan tools; the second part illustrates the scenarios for the future of the European city contained in each document; the third part seeks to trace the evolution of the Smart Cities issue developed by the set of the three instruments, in order to provide the framework of European Community for the near future of our cities. 

  7. GENERAL OVERWIEV ON EU ECONOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NICOLETA GEORGETA PANAIT

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The impact of the international economic crisis on new EU member states has proven to be more severe than the first estimates of the economic analysts. The situation is different for each Member State, the nature and the dimension of the challenges faced are not identical, and the pace of reform is not the same. The economic crisis has prompted intense and sustained action by the EU's national governments, the European Central Bank and the Commission. All have been working closely together to support growth and employment, ensure financial stability, and put in place a better governance system for the future. Sustainable development in the future is the common responsibility of all Member States and EU institutions, because our economies are closely interlinked, and the EU economic governance now reconfigured to provide more effective responses at the policy level, to give a good reaction to the present and the future challenges.

  8. From the SmA to the hexatic, including the SmC*, SmC*(A) and SmC*(re) phases: a 2H NMR relaxation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domenici, Valentina; Marini, Alberto; Veracini, Carlo A; Malanga, Corrado; Menicagli, Rita

    2009-10-19

    The molecular dynamics of a ferroelectric liquid crystal, denoted ZLL 7/*, is investigated by means of (2)H NMR relaxation. The spin-lattice (T(1Q) and T(1Z)) and spin-spin (T(2)) relaxation times of two isotopomers of ZLL 7/*, labeled on the phenyl and biphenyl fragments, are measured and their behavior upon passing from the SmA to the hexatic phase, through the ferroelectric SmC*, antiferroelectric SmC*(A), and re-entrant ferroelectric SmC*(re) phases, is discussed. A comparison between the measured T(2) and T(2)*, directly related to the experimental linewidth, provides information on the heterogeneity of the system, thus allowing confirmation of previous hypotheses concerning the structural and ordering properties of the SmC*(A) and SmC*(re) phases. The possibility to look at different sites of the core of the ZLL 7/* smectogen reveals a peculiar sensitivity of the phenyl moiety with respect to the biphenyl fragment, which may be justified by its vicinity to the chiral centers. Interestingly, the trend of the longitudinal relaxation times is characterized by a minimum that corresponds to the SmC*(A) and SmC*(re) phases, which is reproducible for the two isotopomers and at several Larmor frequencies. A quantitative analysis of T(1Q) and T(1Z) is performed in the SmA and SmC* phases, for which the narrowing regime approximation is valid. A multifrequency approach is applied to self-consistently determine the diffusion coefficients for the overall molecular motions, namely spinning and tumbling, and the internal rotations around the para axes of the phenyl and biphenyl fragments. The effect of the magnetic field in unwinding the helical structure of the SmC* phase (for H>9 T) allows observation of a sensitive change in the rotational diffusion coefficients in the frustrated unwound SmC* phase with respect to the SmC* phase.

  9. Ce and Eu anomalies in zircon as proxies for the oxidation state of magmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trail, Dustin; Bruce Watson, E.; Tailby, Nicholas D.

    2012-11-01

    Chondrite normalized rare earth element (REE) patterns of zircons generally have enriched Ce values relative to La and Pr, and depleted Eu values relative to Sm and Gd. High Ce contents in zircon may imply oxidizing conditions (Ce4+ is more compatible than Ce3+), whereas depleted Eu contents may imply reducing conditions (Eu2+ does not substitute into the zircon lattice). We report 41 experiments in which temperature, melt composition, and oxygen fugacity (fO2) were varied in order to explore the details of Ce and Eu incorporation into zircon. Crystals were synthesized in hydrous silicate melts at 10 kbar and 800-1300 °C. Synthetic rock mixes were doped with La + Ce + Pr (±P) or Sm + Eu + Gd and buffered at oxygen fugacities ranging from ∼IW (iron-wüstite) to >MH (magnetite-hematite); the run products were analyzed by electron microprobe to obtain crystal/melt partition coefficients. Cerium anomalies increase with higher oxygen fugacities and lower crystallization temperatures. In agreement with other experimental studies, peralkaline melts yield the largest zircon grains but show only modest Ce anomalies even at fO2s > MH. The same reason that zircons grown in peralkaline melts are easy to synthesize in the laboratory (these melts are capable of dissolving wt.% levels of Zr before zircon saturation due to high alkali content) makes the melt structure/composition atypical and not representative of most natural magmas. With this in mind, we synthesized zircons in a granitic melt with more modest alkali contents that require geologically plausible Zr contents for saturation. We obtained the following empirical relationship: ln Ce/CeD=(0.1156±0.0050)×ln(fO2)+13,860±708T/(K)-6.125±0.484 where (Ce/Ce∗)D is the Ce anomaly in zircon calculated from partition coefficients, and T is the zircon crystallization temperature in K. Europium anomalies from the same melt composition are more negative at lower oxygen fugacities, but with no resolvable temperature

  10. Smørrebrød

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Anna Marie; Jørgensen, René Langdahl

    This little book is dedicated to students and teachers at the Gastronomic University of Bra, whom in the early summer of 2012 are visiting Center for Food Science, Design & Experience at Aalborg University, where a number of courses in Food+Design is held. In this little book we have asked outsta...... outstanding Danish personalities, who is occupied with “smørrebrød”, to give a peek into this world of Danish food culture. And with a little help from chef Klausen in Hune we have chosen to serve and conceptualize a “Stjerneskud”....

  11. Laser Beam Welding with High-Frequency Beam Oscillation: Welding of Dissimilar Materials with Brilliant Fiber Lasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraetzsch, Mathias; Standfuss, Jens; Klotzbach, Annett; Kaspar, Joerg; Brenner, Berndt; Beyer, Eckhard

    Brilliant laser beam sources in connection with a high frequent beam oscillation make it now possible to join metallic material combinations, which have been conventionally non-laser weldable up to now. It concerns especially such combinations like Al- Cu, where brittle intermetallic phases occur. Extreme small weld seam with high aspect ratio leads to very short meld pool life time. These allow an extensive reduction of the heat input. On the other side the melting behavior at metallic mixed joint, seam geometry, meld pool turbulence and solidification behavior can be influenced by a high frequent time-, position- and powercontrolled laser beam oscillation.

  12. Små dimser med store potentialer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg; Dobroczynski, Michal; Gade, Rikke

    2015-01-01

    Fødevare- og medialogiforskere på Aalborg Universitet har de seneste år udviklet og testet en række intelligente enheder. Fælles for dem er, at de er små og kan håndtere store mængder af data om forbrugernes adfærd. Et eksempel er FoodScape Tracker, som i realtid samarbejder med forbrugeren om, h......, hvad denne spiser. En anden ny enhed er Virtual Food Choice Simulator, som virtuelt kan simulere fødevareomgivelser i form af buffeter og supermarkeder uden udgifter til ombygning og fødevarer, og derved vise, hvad forbrugerne ser og ikke ser.......Fødevare- og medialogiforskere på Aalborg Universitet har de seneste år udviklet og testet en række intelligente enheder. Fælles for dem er, at de er små og kan håndtere store mængder af data om forbrugernes adfærd. Et eksempel er FoodScape Tracker, som i realtid samarbejder med forbrugeren om...

  13. Luminescence studies on gamma irradiated RbCl:Sm 3+ and RbBr:Sm 3+crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manimozhi, P. K.; Muralidharan, G.

    2009-03-01

    This paper presents and discusses the results obtained on the thermoluminescence (TL) and other optical studies of gamma irradiated RbCl:Sm 3+ and RbBr:Sm 3+ crystals. Samarium when doped into the RbCl and RbBr is found to enter the host lattice in its trivalent state and act as electron trap during gamma irradiation, there by partially converting itself to Sm 2+. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra of both RbCl and RbBr crystals doped with Sm exhibit the strong red/orange emissions of Sm corresponding to 4G 5/2 → 6H 9/2 (red) and 4G 5/2 → 6H 7/2 (orange) transitions. Z 3 centers are observed in RbBr on F bleaching subsequent to gamma irradiation and a TL glow peak attributable to the same has been identified. The thermoluminescence (TL) glow curve explains the defect annihilation process to be due to the mobilization of two different kinds of traps created as a result of exposure to high energy irradiation in both the cases. Spectral distribution under the thermoluminescence emission (TLE) and optically stimulated emission(OSL), support the idea that defect annihilation process to be due to thermal release of F electron in RbCl:Sm 3+ and in RbBr:Sm 3+ crystals. Both Sm 3+ and Sm 2+ emissions were observed in the thermoluminescence emission of the crystals.

  14. A pilot plant study of the degradation of Brilliant Green dye using ozone microbubbles: mechanism and kinetics of reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khuntia, Snigdha; Majumder, Subrata Kumar; Ghosh, Pallab

    2015-01-01

    Oxidation of Brilliant Green dye was performed using ozone microbubbles in a pilot plant scale. Decolourisation was very effective at both acidic and alkaline pH. The colour of the aqueous solution was below detectable limit after 30 min at 1.7 mg/s ozone generation rate. The reaction between the dye and ozone was first-order in nature with respect to both ozone and the dye. The enhancement factor increased with increasing dye concentration. The samples were analysed by the ultra-violet-visible (UV-Vis) spectrophotometry, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy. From the GC-MS analysis, 13 intermediates were detected as oxidation products of this dye at various stages of oxidation. The changes in the FTIR spectra showed the destruction of the dye and the formation of new compounds. The oxidation mechanism was divided into two reaction pathways. The mineralisation of Brilliant Green was up to 80% in 60 min, as determined by total organic carbon analysis.

  15. Deconstructing EU Federalism Though Competences

    OpenAIRE

    Azoulai, Loïc; Millet, François-Xavier; Boucon, Lena

    2012-01-01

    [This paper is a collective endeavour to depart from the traditional view that a clear-cut separation of powers between the European Union and its Member States is one of the main features and one of the main safeguards of the European quasi-federalism. On the one hand, it is an effort to show the deep intertwining of EU and national powers in the actual course of European integration. On the other hand, it is an attempt to discover new legal and political safeguards to the development of EU ...

  16. EU Space Awareness: Initial implemenation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Pedro

    2015-08-01

    EU Space Awareness uses the excitement of space to attract young people into science and technology and stimulate European and global citizenship. The project will show children and teenagers the opportunities offered by space science and engineering and inspire primary-school children when their curiosity is high and their value systems are being formed. EU Space Awareness, a 3-year project, has started in March 2015 with 10 partner organisations and 15 network nodes in 17 European countries and the IAU Office of Astronomy for Development. During this talk we will give a update about the intial implementation of the project and its relevant for astronomy for development.

  17. New experimental constraints for Hadean zircon source melts from Ce and Eu anomalies in zircon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trail, D.; Watson, E. B.; Tailby, N.

    2010-12-01

    A common feature of zircon rare earth element profiles is that they often have enriched chondrite normalized Ce abundances relative to bracketing rare earth elements (REEs) La and Pr. The magnitude of a zircon Ce anomaly is generally attributed to an increase in Ce4+/Ce3+ of the crystallizing medium (Ce4+ is more compatible than Ce3+ in zircon), which is associated with more oxidizing environments. Zircons may also have depleted chondrite normalized Eu abundances relative to Sm and Gd. A negative Eu anomaly may be indicative of more reducing conditions (Eu2+ is incompatible in zircon) or depletion of Eu in the melt from plagioclase prior to or during zircon crystallization. We report experimental data from zircons crystallized in hydrous peralkaline, metaluminous, and peraluminous melts (800-1300oC; 10 kbar) with the oxygen fugacity buffered from ~IW to HM+1 in order to constrain magnitude of zircon Ce and Eu anomalies. Zircon Ce anomalies increase in magnitude with higher oxygen fugacities and lower crystallization temperatures; Eu anomalies are more negative at ~IW vs. NNO for the same temperature and melt composition. Our experiments also show that with the oxygen fugacity buffered at NNO, zircons may have both positive Ce anomalies and negative Eu anomalies. Thus, Eu2+ and Ce4+ may co-exist in terrestrial melts; furthermore, melt depletion of Eu by plagioclase fractionation prior to (or during) zircon crystallization may not be a requisite for the presence of zircon Eu anomalies in (Hadean) zircons. The magnitude of the anomalies is also a function of the melt composition; peraluminous melts yield the largest positive Ce (or negative Eu) anomalies at a given oxygen fugacity and temperature. Extrapolation of our preliminary empirical calibration to the crystallization temperatures of the Jack Hills Hadean zircons (~700oC) suggests the magnitude of Ce anomalies in approximately half of the Hadean zircons cannot be produced in metaluminous or peralkaline melts

  18. Småbørn i interaktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Tine Basse

    Småbørn i interaktion. En undersøgelse af socialt udviklingspotentiale og muligheder for interaktion for småbørn med autisme i forskellige pædagogiske og organisatoriske miljøer. På baggrund af kvalitativ, naturalistisk empiri, i form af observationer, videooptagelser, interviews og samtaler, søg...

  19. Lithium samarium polyphosphate, LiSm(PO34

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Zhao

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The mixed-metal rare-earth polyphosphate LiSm(PO34 consists of a three-dimensional framework in which zigzag [(PO3n]n− chains with a periodicity of four PO4 tetrahedra are connected through Li+ and Sm3+ ions (both with 2. symmetry.

  20. Interaction mode between methylene blue-Sm(III) complex and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Spectroscopic and viscosity methods were applied to investigate the interaction between methylene blue (MB)-Sm(III) complex and herring sperm DNA by using acridine orange as a spectral probe in Tris-HCl buffer (pH 7.40). By means of molar ratio method, the binding ratios between MB-Sm(III)and DNA were determined ...

  1. INTERACTION MODE BETWEEN METHYLENE BLUE-Sm(III ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    ABSTRACT. Spectroscopic and viscosity methods were applied to investigate the interaction between methylene blue (MB)-Sm(III) complex and herring sperm DNA by using acridine orange as a spectral probe in Tris-HCl buffer (pH 7.40). By means of molar ratio method, the binding ratios between MB-Sm(III) and DNA ...

  2. PROMOTION OF THE SI(100)-O2 REACTION BY SM

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ONSGAARD, J; GHIJSEN, J; JOHNSON, RL; CHRISTIANSEN, M; ORSKOV, F; GODOWSKI, PJ

    1991-01-01

    It is demonstrated that ultrathin and thin films of Sm on Si (001) strongly promote the oxidation of Si. Photoemission measurements of the Si 2p core electrons show binding-energy shifts characteristic of Si2O3 and SiO2. The oxygen binding is conditioned by the presence of Sm, which is also

  3. Cross sections of deuteron induced reactions on $^{nat}$Sm for production of the therapeutic radionuclide $^{145}$Sm and $^{153}$Sm

    CERN Document Server

    Tárkányi, F; Takács, S; Ditrói, F; Csikai, J; Ignatyuk, A V

    2014-01-01

    At present, targeted radiotherapy (TR) is acknowledged to have great potential in oncology. A large list of interesting radionuclides is identified, including several radioisotopes of lanthanides, amongst them $^{145}$Sm and $^{153}$Sm. In this work the possibility of their production at a cyclotron was investigated using a deuteron beam and a samarium target. The excitation functions of the $^{nat}$Sm(d,x)$^{145153}$Sm reactions were determined for deuteron energies up to 50 MeV using the stacked-foil technique and high-resolution $\\gamma$-ray spectrometry. The measured cross sections and the contributing reactions were analyzed by comparison with results of the ALICE, EMPIRE and TALYS nuclear reaction codes. A short overview and comparison of possible production routes is given.

  4. Hvordan vurderer vi småbørnstraumer?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karsberg, Sidsel

    2012-01-01

    Der er meget begrænset viden om, i hvilken grad små børn påvirkes af traumatiske og stressfulde oplevelser. En meget udbredt teori har været, at helt små børn ikke påvirkes af disse oplevelser i samme grad som ældre børn og voksne, fordi de er for små til at sætte ord på dem. Nyere forskning vise...... dog, at selv helt små børn påvirkes af traumatiske oplevelser og smertestimulering i langt højere grad, end man tidligere har været klar over. Repræsentanter fra en række faggrupper har for nylig været samlet i Odense til international konference om småbørnstraumer. Vidensmæssigt ligger...

  5. Coping with EU environmental legislation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anker, Helle Tegner; de Graaf, Kars; Purdy, Ray

    2015-01-01

    A ‘burden reducing’ agenda has spurred an increased interest in how EU environmental legislation is transposed into national legislation—most prominently reflected in the principle of ‘no gold-plating’. Yet, an important question is to what extent transposition principles and practices may ensure...

  6. EU Competition Policy Since 1990

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bartalevich, Dzmitry

    2013-01-01

    in anticartel enforcement policies, antimonopoly regulation, and the regulation of mergers and acquisitions. The purpose of this article is to fill the gap by attempting to link EU competition policy with U.S. antitrust, provide a critical overview of the most important elements of European competition policy......, and merger control....

  7. Review of EU Conflict Management in DRC

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mandrup, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    The report present the backdrop on EU's involvement in the DRC conflict, its history, the nature of the conflict......The report present the backdrop on EU's involvement in the DRC conflict, its history, the nature of the conflict...

  8. Assessment of microseeds biodegradability of Sm and Sm:Ba splenic implants in rabbits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siqueira, Savio Lana; Barroso, Thiago Vinicius Villar [Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Anatomia; Campos, Tarcisio P.R., E-mail: campos@nuclear.ufmg.b [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Programa de Ciencias e Tecnicas Nucleares

    2009-07-01

    The radioactive interstitial implants have applications in controlling neoplasm in several regions of the human body. Currently the permanent brachytherapy seeds implanted in the spleen and other organs are made of I-125 seeds. After the total emission of radiation, the metal encapsulated seed remains inert in the implanted area. Seeds of bioactive ceramics have been prepared with Sm-152 incorporation to be activated in Sm-153. This study aimed to develop surgical technique for implanting biodegradable micro-seeds in the spleen of the rabbit. Three micro-seeds were introduced by hypodermic needle in the spleen in eight rabbits by median laparotomy. Subsequently, there were clinical and functional reactions of the animal to the implanted foreign body. The other objective was to perform the animal monitoring by radiography, produced in time sequence, and pathological studies of a fragment of the spleens of rabbits. The results show the effectiveness of surgery, the identification of the implanted material by radiography in vivo, and the biocompatibility of micro-seeds most of Sm and Sm:Ba. These seeds of reduced volume, 0.3x 1.6 mm, could be monitored for radiological studies in 2 periods: early and later implant. On the later studies, radiography was taken at 60d post-implant. Biopsies were taken and radiographs of the samples were also performed for evidencing the degradation state of the seeds. The results of the two groups of four rabbits are presented. They show partial degradation of the seed verified by radiographic contrast which is related to the atomic number of the elements and mass density in the seed. The biopsy showed that the ceramic is clearly absorbed by the spleen tissue and form tissue-implant interface. The histological slides showed an inflammatory reaction with presence of fibrosis of the giant cell foreign body. In conclusion, the radiograph shows a suitable noninvasive technique for monitoring the degradation of micro-seed ceramics in vivo

  9. Simulation of a brilliant betatron gamma-ray source from a two-stage wakefield accelerator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davoine, X.; Ferri, J.; Andriyash, I.; Corde, S.; Dopp, A.; Doche, A.; Thaury, C.; Ta Phuoc, K.; Mahieu, B.; Malka, V.; Lifschitz, A.

    2017-10-01

    Thanks to the recent progress in laser-driven plasma acceleration of electrons, the ultra-short, compact and spatially coherent X-ray betatron sources generated in a wakefield accelerator have been successfully applied to high-resolution imaging or ultra-fast probing of matter evolution in the last few years. Here, based on three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations, we propose an original hybrid scheme in which an electron beam produced in a first stage of laser-driven wakefield, interacts in a second stage with ahigher plasma density to generate a beam-driven wakefield and undergo strong betatron oscillation.This second stage acts as an efficient plasma radiator: we show that this scheme greatly improves the energy efficiency of the source, with about 1% of the laser energy transferred to the radiation, and that the gamma-ray photon energy exceeds the MeV range when using a 15 J laser pulse. This new scheme opens the way to a wide range of applications requiring high-brilliance MeV photon source, such as photo-nuclear reaction study, radiography of dense objects, probing in nuclear physics or electron-positron pair production. This work has been supported by Laserlab-Europe (EU-H2020 654148) and GENCI (access to TGCC/Curie under the Grants No. 2016-056129 and 2016-057594).

  10. EU-Latin America Science Diplomacy

    OpenAIRE

    Selleslaghs, Joren

    2017-01-01

    The European Union (EU) has adopted a very generous region-to-region approach towards Latin America in recent decades. However, although the EU adopted the same interregional strategy across different policy areas, the quality of interregional interaction (and success) vary significantly. An interesting case of EU-driven interregionalism is the case of EU-Latin America science diplomacy. In this policy area, it seems that the EU’s interregional approach has been particularly successful, as bo...

  11. Crystal growth, structure, infrared spectroscopy, and luminescent properties of rare-earth gallium borates RGa3(BO3)4, R = Nd, Sm-Er, Y

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borovikova, Elena Yu.; Boldyrev, Kirill N.; Aksenov, Sergey M.; Dobretsova, Elena A.; Kurazhkovskaya, Victoria S.; Leonyuk, Nikolay I.; Savon, Alexander E.; Deyneko, Dina V.; Ksenofontov, Dmitry A.

    2015-11-01

    Crystals of the rare-earth gallium borates RGa3(BO3)4, where R = Nd, Sm-Er, or Y, were grown by the flux method. The crystal structures of RGa3(BO3)4 (R = Eu, Ho) were studied on the basis of single-crystal X-ray diffraction measurements. The hexagonal unit-cell parameters are a = 9.4657(1) Å, c = 7.4667(1) Å and a = 9.4394(2) Å, c = 7.4322(1) Å for EuGa3(BO3)4 and HoGa3(BO3)4, respectively, space group R32. Structure model was determined by "charge flipping" method and refined to R = 1.93% [EuGa3(BO3)4] and R = 1.89% [HoGa3(BO3)4] in anisotropic approximation. All grown gallium borates were investigated by infrared (IR) spectroscopy technique in a middle and far IR region. IR spectra of rare-earth gallium borates correspond to a pure rhombohedral (R32) polytype structure. Small inclusions of a monoclinic phase were detected only in Eu and Nd compounds. Luminescence of Eu and Ho gallium borates was studied at room temperature. The measured decay times for the most intensive emission lines of EuGa3(BO3)4 (∼614 nm) and HoGa3(BO3)4 (434 nm) are 940 μs and 140 μs, respectively. The scheme of crystal-field energy levels of Eu3+ in EuGa3(BO3)4 was built on the basis of the temperature-dependent optical transmission measurements combined with the luminescence data. The measured UV absorption edge for RGa3(BO3)4 is at about 300 nm.

  12. Nuclear Data Sheets for 141Eu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuli, J. K.

    1998-06-01

    Nuclear structure data pertaining to 141Eu have been compiled and evaluated, and incorporated into the ENSDF data file. This evaluation of 141Eu supersedes the previous publication by L. K. Peker Nuclear Data Sheets 63,573 (1991). Abs; 141Eu is updated. Mostly the new information is from ( 35Cl,2p2nγ) reaction.

  13. Assessing EU perception in Kazakhstan's mass media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bakyt Ospanova

    2017-01-01

    Our main findings suggest that Kazakhstan's mass media positively perceives the role of the EU in the region. Moreover, they tend to portray the EU mainly as an economic powerhouse. Our findings support some suggestions by similar studies of the EU's external perception.

  14. Brexit, the EU and the Middle East

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seeberg, Peter

    2017-01-01

    Following the Brexit referendum the UK is leaving the EU and this means that the UK no longer stands together with the EU on the international scene. The British Prime Minister Theresa May has recently invoked the EU Treaty Article 50 initiating the Brexit process and obviously the UK leaders know...

  15. The emerging EU quality of care policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vollaard, Hans; van de Bovenkamp, Hester M.; Vrangbæk, Karsten

    2013-01-01

    Despite the fact that Member States and many citizens of the EU like to keep healthcare a foremost national competence and the EU treaties state that Member States remain primarily responsible for the organization and delivery of health care services, the European Union (EU) has expanded its invo...

  16. Scavenging remazol brilliant blue R dye using microwave-assisted activated carbon from acacia sawdust: Equilibrium and kinetics studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yusop, M. F. M.; Aziz, H. A.; Ahmad, M. A.

    2017-10-01

    This work explores the feasibility of microwave-assisted acacia wood based activated carbon (AWAC) for remazol brilliant blue R (RBBR) dye removal from synthetic wastewater. Acacia wood (AW) was impregnated with potassium hydroxide (KOH) and heated using microwave, resulting tremendously high fixed carbon content, surface area, total pore volume and adsorption capacity of 81.14%, 1045.56m2/g, 0.535cm3/g and 263.16mg/g respectively. Batch study conducted divulged an increasing trend in RBBR uptake when initial RBBR concentration and contact time were increased. pH study revealed that RBBR adsorption was best at acidic condition. Langmuir isotherm model fitted well the adsorption equilibrium data while the adsorption kinetic was found to follow the pseudo-second-order kinetic model.

  17. Highly efficient decomposition of Remazol Brilliant Blue R using tubular reactor coated with thin layer of PdO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javaid, Rahat; Qazi, Umair Yaqub; Kawasaki, Shin-Ichiro

    2016-09-15

    In this work, we propose a novel approach to dye decomposition under subcritical water conditions using a continuous-flow tubular reactor coated with thin layer of PdO as a catalyst. Remazole Brilliant Blue R was used as an example of synthetic dyes. Hydrogen peroxide was used as an environmental-friendly oxidant as it leaves no residues after treatment. The effect of temperature, pressure and dye concentration on total organic carbon (TOC) removal were studied. 99.9% of TOC removal was achieved at 300 °C and 10 MPa pressure within a short residence time of 3.2 s. This method provided an efficient and rapid process that has a potential for treating a wide range of textile wastewaters. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. The Frequency of "Brilliant" and "Genius" in Teaching Evaluations Predicts the Representation of Women and African Americans across Fields.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Storage

    Full Text Available Women and African Americans-groups targeted by negative stereotypes about their intellectual abilities-may be underrepresented in careers that prize brilliance and genius. A recent nationwide survey of academics provided initial support for this possibility. Fields whose practitioners believed that natural talent is crucial for success had fewer female and African American PhDs. The present study seeks to replicate this initial finding with a different, and arguably more naturalistic, measure of the extent to which brilliance and genius are prized within a field. Specifically, we measured field-by-field variability in the emphasis on these intellectual qualities by tallying-with the use of a recently released online tool-the frequency of the words "brilliant" and "genius" in over 14 million reviews on RateMyProfessors.com, a popular website where students can write anonymous evaluations of their instructors. This simple word count predicted both women's and African Americans' representation across the academic spectrum. That is, we found that fields in which the words "brilliant" and "genius" were used more frequently on RateMyProfessors.com also had fewer female and African American PhDs. Looking at an earlier stage in students' educational careers, we found that brilliance-focused fields also had fewer women and African Americans obtaining bachelor's degrees. These relationships held even when accounting for field-specific averages on standardized mathematics assessments, as well as several competing hypotheses concerning group differences in representation. The fact that this naturalistic measure of a field's focus on brilliance predicted the magnitude of its gender and race gaps speaks to the tight link between ability beliefs and diversity.

  19. Brilliant iridescence of Morpho butterfly wing scales is due to both a thin film lower lamina and a multilayered upper lamina

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giraldo, M A; Stavenga, D G

    2016-01-01

    Butterflies belonging to the nymphalid subfamily, Morphinae, are famous for their brilliant blue wing coloration and iridescence. These striking optical phenomena are commonly explained as to originate from multilayer reflections by the ridges of the wing scales. Because the lower lamina of the

  20. [Determination of proteins with the Coomassie brilliant blue G 250 method. III. Behavior of various pure proteins and comparative analysis with the biuret and Lowry methods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serra, S; Morgante, L

    1980-03-15

    Some proteins were tested by the Bradford's method with Coomassie Brilliant Blue G 250. The findings were compared to those obtained by the Lowry's and the biuret methods. Coomassie, as the other methods, has the inconvenient of giving different absorbaces according to the nature of single protein. The use of standards of analogous composition in assaying proteins by the Bradford's method is suggested.

  1. [Method of determination of proteins with Coomassie brilliant blue G 250. I. General characteristics and comparative analysis with the biuret method and Lowry's method].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serra, S; Morgante, L

    1980-01-30

    Bradford (1977) described a new sensitive easy rapid method for protein assay, depending on colour change of the stain Coomassie Brilliant Blue G 250. In this study Bradford's method was compared with the Lowry et al. 91951) and biuret methods. Coomassie method appears to be as sensitive as Lowry, as simple as biuret. Another advantage is a very short time of performing.

  2. Natural hybridization in Saxifraga callosa Sm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grassi, F; Labra, M; Minuto, L; Casazza, G; Sala, F

    2006-03-01

    Saxifraga callosa Sm. is an evergreen perennial species distributed from Eastern Spain, through the Western Alps and the Apennines, to southern Italy. The existence of high morphological variation within different subspecies indicates that phenotypic characters are useful but not sufficient taxonomic tools. Indeed, available morphological data already suggested that S. callosa subentity lantoscana may be an outcross between S. callosa and S. cochlearis. In this work, by analyzing ITS (Internal Transcribed Sequences), AFLP (Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms), and cpDNA (chloroplast DNA) markers, a comprehensive study of the genomic relationships among S. callosa and related species has been carried out. The sequence of the ITS region of S. callosa subentity lantoscana gave no conclusive results on the taxonomy status of S. callosa subentity lantoscana. On the other hand, the use of the "NewHybrids" software to analyze an AFLP data-set (208 polymorphic amplified fragments) supported a significant posterior probability that S. callosa subentity lantoscana individuals are natural hybrids between S. callosa and S. cochlearis. The level of introgression of genes from alien genomes was confirmed by a simpler and quick methodology that analyze length variation in cpDNA sequences.

  3. SM18 Magnet Tests Overview Efficiency Analysis and Critique

    CERN Document Server

    Chohan, V

    2007-01-01

    Testing of superconducting magnets for Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is nearing completion in SM18 Test Facility. Magnet testing in SM18 is a co-operative effort of three different teams, namely the Operation Team, the Cryogenics Team, and the Industrial Consortium ICS. Within the framework of benefits as well as limitations offered by this collective effort, an appreciable throughput of 16-18 magnets per week has been achieved in SM18. In this paper, an attempt is made to analyze the efficiency of testing the majority component (dipoles), with the help of supporting statistics.

  4. Magnetostriction of sputtered Sm-Fe thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Honda, T. (Tokin Corp., Sendai (Japan). Sendai Research Lab.); Hayashi, Y.; Arai, K.I.; Ishiyama, K.; Yamaguchi, M. (Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan). Research Institute of Electrical Communication)

    1993-11-01

    The magnetostriction and the magnetic properties of amorphous Sm[sub x]Fe[sub 100[minus]x] thin films prepared by sputtering were investigated at room temperature. The magnetostriction, -[lambda], of these films increased rapidly in low fields (<1kOe) and reached the maximum values of 300--400[times]10[sup [minus]6] at 16kOe for x = 30--40. These results suggest that Sm-Fe thin films could be used for micro-actuators. lie magnetic properties of Sm-Fe thin films did not show clear dependence on the sputtering conditions such as input power, Ar gas pressure, and substrate temperature.

  5. Thermodynamic assessment of the Al-Mg-Sm system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jia, B.R. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, ChangSha, Hunan 410083 (China); Liu, L.B. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, ChangSha, Hunan 410083 (China)], E-mail: Pdc@mail.csu.edu.cn; Yi, D.Q. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, ChangSha, Hunan 410083 (China); Jin, Z.P. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, ChangSha, Hunan 410083 (China); State National Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, ChangSha, Hunan 410083 (China); Nie, J.F. [School of Physics and Materials Engineering, Monash University, Clayton Campus, Wellington Road, Clayton (Australia)

    2008-07-14

    The Al-Sm and Mg-Sm systems were thermodynamically optimized using the CALPHAD approach. The phases including Liquid, Bcc, Hcp and Rhom were treated as substitutional solution phases, of which the excess Gibbs energies were formulated with Redlich-Kister polynomial functions. The binary intermetallic compounds were treated as stoichiometric phases. Combining with the thermodynamic parameters of the Al-Mg binary systems cited from literature, the Al-Mg-Sm ternary system was thermodynamic extrapolated. The calculated phase equilibria are in good agreement with the experimental data.

  6. EU-China security cooperation in context

    OpenAIRE

    Emil J. Kirchner; Christiansen, Thomas; Dorussen, Han

    2015-01-01

    The paper has two main aims. First it seeks to explore whether security cooperation between the EU and China is taking place, and if so, whether it is evenly spread across a number of security dimensions. Second it intends to investigate the underlying motives or drivers that either facilitate or inhibit EU-China security cooperation. Further, it will explain why the EU rather than EU member states is chosen as the unit of analysis, explore the development of EU-China security relations, and ...

  7. EU-India migration and trade linkages

    OpenAIRE

    TUMBE, Chinmay

    2013-01-01

    CARIM-India: Developing a knowledge base for policymaking on India-EU migration This paper reviews the relationship between migration and trade between India and the European Union (EU). It provides an overview of EU-India trade across various dimensions and links it with migration in three specific contexts: (a) The $ 14 billion EU-India diamond trade that represents nearly 15% of total EU-India merchandise trade, and that is attributed to the direct and active role played by Indian immig...

  8. Biotic ligand model explains the effects of competition but not complexation for Sm biouptake by Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Qiao-Guo; Yang, Guang; Wilkinson, Kevin J

    2017-02-01

    The applicability of the biotic ligand model (BLM) was tested with respect to the biouptake of the lanthanide Sm by the freshwater green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. In the absence of organic ligands, Sm uptake was well described by the Michaelis-Menten equation, consistent with the BLM assumption of single transporter, with the maximum influx rate (Jmax) of 1.5 × 10-14 mol cm-2 s-1 and a binding constant (KSm) of 107.0 M-1. The addition of organic ligands (i.e., malic acid, diglycolic acid and citric acid) decreased Sm influx rates, however, the decreases were much less than that predicted by the BLM, possibly due to the direct contribution of the Sm complexes. Competition effects of two major cations (Ca2+ and Mg2+) and three lanthanide cations (La3+, Ce3+ and Eu3+) were successfully modeled by the BLM, with binding constants corresponding to KCa = 104.0 M-1, KMg = 102.7 M-1, KLa = 106.8 M-1, KCe = 106.9 M-1 and KEu = 107.0 M-1. The binding constants and Jmax were very similar among the four investigated lanthanides and varied progressively with atomic number; therefore, the results obtained in the present study can probably be extrapolated to other rare earth metals. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Limits of Evidence within EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Pocora

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The issue of admissibility of evidence has been regulated only very scarcely in the EU. Judicial cooperation in criminal matters has been embracing the increasing number of instruments, covering plethora of aspects, however, the field of admissibility of evidence remains almost untouched. Can the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice be called the Common Evidence Area? From the national perspective, the issue of admissibility of evidence is still subject to divergent solutions in the Member States, concerning the common law and continental law systems, i.e. the right of access to a lawyer. Thus, the paper aims to take into account the tendencies of legal rule in matter of admissibility of evidence, the dynamic of evidence movement within EU area.

  10. EU Law and Multiple Discrimination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ruth

    2006-01-01

    In EU law, nationality and gender were the only equality issues on the legal agenda from the outset in 1958 and for about 40 years. Multiple discrimination was not addressed until the 1990's. The intersectionality approach which has been widely discussed outside Europe has mainly been used...... with a view to gendermainstreaming the fight against other kinds of discrimination (on grounds of ethnic origin, age, etc)....

  11. Sm-Nd dating and REE Composition of scheelite for the Honghuaerji scheelite deposit, Inner Mongolia, Northeast China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Zhijun; Li, Jinwen; Xu, Xinying; Song, Zeyou; Dong, Xuzhou; Tian, Jing; Yang, Yuncheng; She, Hongquan; Xiang, Anping; Kang, Yongjian

    2016-09-01

    Sm-Nd analyses of seven scheelite samples from scheelite-quartz veins in the Honghuaerji scheelite deposit produce a well-defined linear array on an isochron diagram with a mean square weighted deviation (MSWD) of 0.87 corresponding to an age of 178.4 ± 2.9 Ma with εNd(t) = + 1.50. This age is interpreted to represent the age of scheelite mineralization. The scheelite Sm-Nd age is in good agreement with U-Pb ages obtained from a mineralization-related granite (179.4 178.6 Ma), indicating that there is no apparent age gap between granite crystallization and ore formation. Rare earth element (REE) abundances in the scheelite were determined by in situ laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS), and the scheelite samples contain elevated REE concentrations with total ΣREE + Y contents in the range of 3339 to 6321 ppm. The chondrite-normalized REE distribution patterns of all scheelites are middle REE (MREE)-enriched, with strong negative Eu-anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.09 0.23). The REE characteristics of the Honghuaerji scheelite suggest that REE3 + substituted into the Ca site along with Na and Nb (dominated by Na), whereas Eu is predominantly present as Eu2 + in the scheelite and may have crystallized from relatively reduced fluids. All sulfur isotope data (δ34S) for sulfide separates range from + 2.0 to + 3.8‰, with an average of 3.2‰. Measured 206Pb/204Pb, 207Pb/204Pb, and 208Pb/204Pb ratios vary from 18.243 to 18.451, 15.494 to 15.574, and 37.933 to 38.340, respectively. On the basis of common Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotopic characteristics between the scheelite and the host granite and the positive initial Nd isotope ratios (+ 1.46 - + 1.52), low 87Sr/86Sr ratios (0.704983-0.705297) in the scheelites, it is inferred that the hydrothermal fluids responsible for tungsten mineralization at Honghuaerji were of magmatic origin with a mantle-derived signature. Based on the regional geology, tectonic evolution, and geochemical evidence, the

  12. CCSDS SM and C Mission Operations Interoperability Prototype

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucord, Steven A.

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the prototype of the Spacecraft Monitor and Control (SM&C) Operations for interoperability among other space agencies. This particular prototype uses the German Space Agency (DLR) to test the ideas for interagency coordination.

  13. Structural and physical properties of Sm doped magnesium zinc ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-09-22

    Sep 22, 2017 ... Abstract. Samarium (Sm3+) doped magnesium zinc sulfophosphate glass system of composition (60–x)P2O5–20MgO–. 20ZnSO4–xSm2O3 (x = 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mol%) were synthesized using melt-quenching technique. The structure and physical properties of prepared glass samples were ...

  14. Electrochemical study of the Eu(III)/Eu(II) system in molten fluoride media

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Massot, L. [Universite de Toulouse, INPT, UPS, Laboratoire de Genie Chimique, Departement Procedes Electrochimiques, F-31062 Toulouse cedex 09 (France); CNRS, Laboratoire de Genie Chimique, F-31062 Toulouse cedex 09 (France)], E-mail: massot@chimie.ups-tlse.fr; Chamelot, P.; Cassayre, L.; Taxil, P. [Universite de Toulouse, INPT, UPS, Laboratoire de Genie Chimique, Departement Procedes Electrochimiques, F-31062 Toulouse cedex 09 (France); CNRS, Laboratoire de Genie Chimique, F-31062 Toulouse cedex 09 (France)

    2009-11-01

    The electrochemical behaviour of the Eu(III)/Eu(II) system was examined in the molten eutectic LiF-CaF{sub 2} on a molybdenum electrode, using cyclic voltammetry, square wave voltammetry and chronopotentiometry. It was observed that EuF{sub 3} is partly reduced into EuF{sub 2} at the operating temperatures (1073-1143 K). The electrochemical study allowed to calculate both the equilibrium constant and the formal standard potential of the Eu(III)/Eu(II) system. The reaction is limited by the diffusion of the species in the solution; their diffusion coefficients were calculated at different temperatures and the values obey Arrhenius' law. The second system Eu(II)/Eu takes place out of the electrochemical window on an inert molybdenum electrode, which inhibits the extraction of Eu species from the salt on such a substrate.

  15. Outcomes of 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane peeling with brilliant blue in macular hole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nohutcu A

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Huseyin Sanisoglu1, Mehmet Sahin Sevim1, Betul Aktas1, Semra Sevim2, Ahmet Nohutcu11Haydarpasa Numune Education and Research Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, 2Uskudar State Hospital, Eye Clinic, Istanbul, TurkeyPurpose: The evaluation of anatomic and visual outcomes in macular hole cases treated with internal limiting membrane (ILM peeling, brilliant blue (BB, and 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV.Materials and methods: Fifty eyes of 48 patients who presented between July 2007 and December 2009 with the diagnosis of stage 2, 3, or 4 macular holes according to Gass Classification who had undergone PPV and ILM peeling were included in this study. Pre- and postoperative macular examinations were assessed with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. 23 G sutureless PPV and ILM peeling with BB was performed on all patients.Results: The mean age of patients was 63.34 ± 9.6 years. Stage 2 macular hole was determined in 17 eyes (34%, stage 3 in 24 eyes (48%, and stage 4 in 9 eyes (18%. The mean follow-up time was 13.6 ± 1.09 months. Anatomic closure was detected in 46/50 eyes (92%, whereas, in four cases, macular hole persisted and a second operation was not required due to subretinal fluid drainage. At follow-up after 2 months, persistant macular hole was detected in one case and it was closed with reoperation. At 12 months, an increase in visual acuity in 41 eyes was observed, while it remained at the same level in six eyes. In three eyes visual acuity decreased. There was a postoperative statistically significant increase in visual acuity in stage 2 and 3 cases (P < 0.05, however, no increase in visual acuity in stage 4 cases was observed.Conclusion: PPV and ILM peeling in stage 2, 3, and 4 macular hole cases provide successful anatomic outcomes, however, in delayed cases, due to photoreceptor loss, it has no effect on functional recovery. BB, used for clarity of ILM, may be beneficial due to its low retinal toxicity.Keywords: macular

  16. Financial Integration into EU: The Romanian Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim Bozkurt

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the determinants of integration between stock market of Romania and other stock markets of European Union (EU countries. Correlations between the stock returns represent the level of integration between the stock markets. Empirical analysis are performed with daily stock returns of 24 EU members including Romania for 2002-2012 period using panel data gravity models and correlations are investigated. Findings reveal that the following factors have significant and robust effects on the financial integration process of Romania with other 23 EU members; (i EU membership, (ii bilateral trade, (iii GDP per capita, (iv 2012 sovereign debt crisis and (v East European location. The results emphasize that intensifying economic relations with EU members can contribute the integration of Romanian stock market with other EU members. designed & hoste

  17. Wage Implications at EU Level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miron Dumitrescu

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In all conditions of time and space, economic activity necessarily involves active work as a determinant factor of production and beneficiary of its results. In the market economy, labor services are provided to production, as with the other factors of production, through market transactions. This article aims labor factor, the role and characteristics of labor as a production factor and the employment in the EU. As a secondary market, labor market is influenced by other markets and generates, in turn, effects that are found in all other structures of the market economy system

  18. Menneskerettigheder og handelspolitik i EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manners, Ian

    2012-01-01

    between acting ethically and being competitive? I think not. It is not an either / or. When I started researching the area was my attitude: "I do not care. I think it is worth the cost." Now, my attitude changed. If you actually look at improvements in working conditions, whether it comes to agricultural......, freedom of the press, etc. When we reach the 90s then adopts EU attitudes as campaign groups such as Amnesty International and Helsinki Watch regarded as being most important. The starting point for the UN Declaration of Human Rights is that you cannot divide human rights up this way. Political and civil...

  19. EU policy objectives and energy investment decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Alario, Juan

    2007-01-01

    EU energy policies have changed focus in the last few years with a view to substantially reducing energy import dependency and greenhouse gas emissions. The EU Commission has played a leading role in defining the new orientations. The implementation of the EU policy objectives approved by the Council of March 2007 will require a substantial expansion of energy investments. However, the degree of uncertainty affecting investment decisions remains high, notably in relation to the pricing of CO2...

  20. National Parliaments, Electorates and EU Affairs

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Table of contens: INTRODUCTION: NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS, ELECTORATES AND EU AFFAIRS / KATRIN AUEL AND TAPIO RAUNIO WHAT ROLE FOR NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS? EUROPEAN INTEGRATION AND THE PROSPECTS OF PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY / JÜRGEN NEYER I. COMPARING PLENARY DEBATES ON EU ISSUES DEBATING THE STATE OF THE UNION? COMPARING PARLIAMENTARY DEBATES ON EU ISSUES IN FINLAND, FRANCE, GERMANY AND THE UNITED KINGDOM / KATRIN AUEL AND TAPIO RAUNIO TALKING EUROPE, USING EUROPE - THE EU’S ROLE IN PAR...

  1. Den brede, folkelige debat om EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dosenrode, Søren

    2005-01-01

    I Danmark er EUropa noget fjernt på trods af, at EU er rammen om dansk politik, både udenrigs og indenrigs. Danmark er medlem af en de facto føderation, men de brede folkelige debater om hvordan EU skal gestaltes har manglet.......I Danmark er EUropa noget fjernt på trods af, at EU er rammen om dansk politik, både udenrigs og indenrigs. Danmark er medlem af en de facto føderation, men de brede folkelige debater om hvordan EU skal gestaltes har manglet....

  2. EU agricultural domestic support in GTAP

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boulanger, Pierre; Philippidis, George; Jensen, Hans Grinsted

    9 includes EU domestic support which follows the approach adopted in the previous releases (Jensen, 2009, 2010). The difference is for pillar 1 support for which the CATS data are used (in previous GTAP database releases, pillar 1 support was based on EAGF financial reports). All together EU...... currently defined as General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) by the OECD). Finally, introducing this new accounting convention for the EU domestic support in the GTAP database would lead to data discrepancies with other non-EU countries and/or regions, jeopardising robust comparative analysis....

  3. The Social Dimension of EU Trade Policies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manners, Ian

    2009-01-01

    ? And what are the consequences of its socialising impact in promoting the social dimension of globalisation through trade? These are all difficult questions to ask of any actor in global politics, let alone a hybrid polity such as the EU. The special issue also addressed two tensions at the heart of the EU...... as human rights in the EU's external action from a normative power perspective. Next, the article will use the tripartite analytical framework to examine the principles, actions, and impact of the social dimension in EU trade policies found in the contributions to this special issue. Then the article...... of globalisation....

  4. EU environmental policy and competitiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojanović Boban

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Protection of the environment was not a specific importance to the Community although the Treaty of Rome expressly specified that "health, safety environmental protection" shall be based on "a high level of protection". In deciding upon a framework for a European environmental policy, the Community was also responding to increased public awareness of the problem and concerns about the state of the natural and man-made environment. During the past years, competitiveness concerns have dominated the EU policy debate, in the course of which a growing consensus is being developed on the importance of eco-innovations and resource efficiency for EU competitiveness and on the market opportunities they offer. There is an increasing evidence that environmental policy and eco-innovations can promote economic growth, as well as maintain and create jobs, contributing both to competitiveness and employment. Environmental constraints to rapid economic growth are increasingly recognized by countries, leading to a rising awareness of the need for sustainable development. Implementation of an environmental policy however, generates significant implications for competition among countries.

  5. New CNT/poly(brilliant green) and CNT/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) based electrochemical enzyme biosensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barsan, Madalina M; Pifferi, Valentina; Falciola, Luigi; Brett, Christopher M A

    2016-07-13

    A combination of the electroactive polymer poly(brilliant green) (PBG) or conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) with carbon nanotubes to obtain CNT/PBG and CNT/PEDOT modified carbon film electrodes (CFE) has been investigated as a new biosensor platform, incorporating the enzymes glucose oxidase (GOx) as test enzyme, alcohol oxidase (AlcOx) or alcohol dehydrogenase (AlcDH). The sensing parameters were optimized for all biosensors based on CNT/PBG/CFE, CNT/PEDOT/CFE platforms. Under optimized conditions, both GOx biosensors exhibited very similar sensitivities, while in the case of AlcOx and AlcDH biosensors, AlcOx/CNT/PBG/CFE was found to give a higher sensitivity and lower detection limit. The influence of dissolved O2 on oxidase-biosensor performance was investigated and was shown to be different for each enzyme. Comparisons were made with similar reported biosensors, showing the advantages of the new biosensors, and excellent selectivity against potential interferents was successfully demonstrated. Finally, alcohol biosensors were successfully used for the determination of ethanol in alcoholic beverages. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Phototoxicity of indocyanine green and Brilliant Blue G under continuous fluorescent illumination on cultured human retinal pigment epithelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takayama, Kei; Sato, Tomohito; Karasawa, Yoko; Sato, Shunichi; Ito, Masataka; Takeuchi, Masaru

    2012-10-25

    We compared the phototoxicity of indocyanine green (ICG) and Brilliant Blue G (BBG) in cultured RPE cells under fluorescent lamp illumination imitating ambient light. Cultured human RPE line cells were stained with ICG or BBG solution at concentrations of clinical use, and cultured in a colorless medium for 24 hours in the dark or under illumination from a fluorescent lamp. After culture, cell morphology and TUNEL-positive apoptotic cells were observed. Cell viability and cell death rate were evaluated. Absorption spectral changes of BBG before and after incubation were measured. ICG-stained cells cultured under illumination changed to an oval morphology with increased number of apoptotic cells, whereas ICG-stained cells cultured in the dark, and BBG-stained cells cultured under illumination and dark conditions maintained a flat morphology without increase in apoptotic cells. Cell viability decreased and cell death rate increased only in cells stained by ICG followed by culture under illumination. Staining cells with ICG at one-tenth concentration of clinical usage induced no cytotoxicity after culture under illumination. Approximately 30% of total BBG retained in the stained cells was released into the culture supernatant after incubation for 24 hours. The absorption spectrum of BBG did not change after fluorescent light irradiation. Illumination with a fluorescent lamp caused cell death via apoptosis in ICG-exposed, but not in BBG-exposed cultured RPE cells. BBG may be a safer dye than ICG because of low light-induced cytotoxicity and rapid elution from stained cells.

  7. Mechanism of Coomassie Brilliant Blue G-250 binding to cetyltrimethylammonium bromide: an interference with the Bradford assay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aminian, Mahdi; Nabatchian, Fariba; Vaisi-Raygani, Asad; Torabi, Mojgan

    2013-03-15

    The Bradford protein assay is a popular method because of its rapidity, sensitivity, and relative specificity. This method is subject to some interference by nonprotein compounds. In this study, we describe the interference of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) with the Bradford assay. This interference is based on the interaction of Coomassie Brilliant Blue G-250 (CBB) with this cationic detergent. This study suggests that both electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions are involved in the interaction of CTAB and CBB. The anionic and neutral forms of CBB bind to CTAB by electrostatic attraction, which accelerates hydrophobic interactions of these CBB forms and the hydrophobic tail of CTAB. Consequently, the hydrophobic regions of the dominant free cationic form of CBB dye compete for the tail of CTAB with two other forms of the dye and gradually displace the primary hydrophobic interactions and rearrange the primary CBB-CTAB complex. This interaction of CTAB and CBB dye produces a primary 650-nm-absorbing complex that then gradually rearranges to a complex that shows an absorbance shoulder at 800-950 nm. This study conclusively shows a strong response of CBB to CTAB that causes a time-dependent and nearly additive interference with the Bradford assay. This study also may promote an application of CBB for CTAB quantification. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Electrochemical Determination of Brilliant Blue and Tartrazine Based on an Ionic Liquid-Modified Expanded Graphite Paste Electrode.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wenchang; Chen, Ye; Zhang, Jing; Wang, Xue; Chen, Zhidong

    2015-01-01

    A sensitive electrochemical method was developed for the simultaneous determination of Brilliant Blue (BB) and tartrazine (Tz) using an ionic liquid-modified expanded graphite paste electrode (IL-EGPE). The IL-EGPE was prepared by mixing ionic liquid-expanded graphite composite (IL-EG) with solid paraffin. Compared with the EGPE, the IL-EGPE remarkably enhanced the electrocatalytic oxidation signals of BB and Tz. Under optimal experimental conditions, the designed IL-EGPE exhibited wide linear responses to BB and Tz ranging from 5.0×10(-9) to 4.0×10(-6) M and 1.0×10(-8) to 1.0×10(-6) M, respectively. The detection limits for BB and Tz were 2.0×10(-9) M (1.6 ng/mL) and 3.3×10(-9) M (1.8 ng/mL) at an S/N of 3, respectively. This electrode showed good reproducibility, stability, and reusability. The proposed method was successfully applied in the simultaneous determination of BB and Tz in a soft drink with satisfactory results.

  9. Degradation of textile dyes Remazol Brilliant Blue using plasma electrolysis method with the addition of microbubble and Fe2+ ion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zainah, Saksono, Nelson

    2017-11-01

    Dye waste is a liquid waste that mostly generated from the textile industry and is very dangerous for the environment. Plasma electrolysis method is an effective method in degrading dye waste because of its ability to produce radical OH in large quantities. This study aims to test the ability of plasma electrolysis method to degrade one of the textile dyes, Remazol Brilliant Blue, with the addition of Fe2+ ion and microbubble. The dye waste degredation reached 99.74% for 180 minutes with the addition of 40 mg/L of Fe2+ ion as a result of fenton reaction. The addition of microbubble will also increase OH radical production by up to 4.8% and be able to reduce energy consumption by 11.3%. The COD value decreased until 20.56 mg/L and has fulfilled the Government standard of 50 mg/L. In addition, the dye waste concentration decreased significantly from 150 mg/L to 0.388 mg/L. Maximum conditions are obtained by using 0.02 M Na2SO4, 700 Volt operating voltage, and 1 cm anode depth.

  10. Enhanced photocatalytic-electrolytic degradation of Reactive Brilliant Red X-3B in the presence of water jet cavitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaoning; Jia, Jinping; Wang, Yalin

    2015-03-01

    Photocatalysis, electrolysis, water jet cavitation (WJC), alone and in combinations were applied to degrade an azo dye, Reactive Brilliant Red X-3B (X-3B). Experiments were conducted in a 4.0 L aqueous solution with different initial dye concentrations, TiO₂ dose, and solution pH. WJC substantially increased the photocatalytic, electrolytic and photocatalytic-electrolytic rates of the dye removal. The observed first-order rate of X-3B decolorization in the process of combined photocatalysis and electrolysis coupled with WJC was 1.6-2.9 times of that in the process of combined photocatalysis and electrolysis coupled with mechanical stirring. The rate enhancements may be attributed primarily to the reduced diffusion layer thickness on the electrodes and the deagglomeration of photocatalyst particles due to the chemical and physical effects of WJC. Under the conditions of 80 mg/L X-3B solution, 100 mg/L TiO₂ dose and solution pH 6.3, 97% and 71% of color and chemical oxygen demand (CODCr) were removed, respectively, within 90-min photocatalytic-electrolytic treatment coupled with WJC. During this process, azo groups and naphthalene, benzene and triazine structures of the dye can be destroyed. Industrial textile effluent was also investigated, and a positive synergistic effect between photocatalytic-electrolytic system and WJC was observed considering color removal. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Removal of reactive dye Remazol Brilliant Blue R from aqueous solutions by using anaerobically digested sewage sludge based adsorbents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özçimen Didem

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, adsorbents were produced from sewage sludge via chemical and thermal activation processes. Experiments were carried out in a tubular furnace at the heating rate of 20˚C min-1 and temperature of 550 ˚C with a nitrogen flow rate of 400 mL min-1 for 1 h. Dye adsorption experiments were performed with Remazol Brilliant Blue R for its several concentrations under batch equilibrium conditions by comparing sewage sludge based adsorbents with raw material and a commercial activated carbon. Maximum adsorption capacities of carbonized sewage sludge (CSWS and activated sewage sludge (ASWS were found as 7.413 mg g-1 and 9.376 mg g-1 for 100 mg L-1 dye solution, whereas commercial activated carbon had a capacity of 11.561 mg g-1. Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms were used to explain the adsorption mechanism together with pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order kinetic models. Langmuir isotherm, which had adsorption capacities of 34.60 mg g-1 (CSWS and 72.99 mg g-1 (ASWS, provided better fit to the equilibrium data than that of Freundlich isotherm. Pseudo second-order, model which had adsorption capacities of 7.451 mg g-1 (CSWS and 9.319 mg g-1 (ASWS, was very favorable to explain the adsorption kinetics of the dye with high regression coefficients.

  12. Simultaneous studies on solar energy storage by CO2 reduction to HCOOH with Brilliant Green dye removal photoelectrochemically

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.S.K. Yadav

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The simultaneous study on photoelectrochemical CO2 reduction with Brilliant Green (BG dye removal was studied in the present work. Experimental studies were done in aqueous solutions of sodium and potassium based electrolytes using a cathode [Zinc (Zn and Tin (Sn] and a common cobalt oxide (Co3O4 anode electrocatalyst. The influence of reaction with electrolyte concentration for the both catalysts was shown clearly with respect to time. The selected electrocatalysts were able to reduce CO2 to formic acid (HCOOH along with high BG dye removal. With Sn as cathode, the maximum BG dye removal was obtained to be KHCO3–[95.9% (10 min–0.2 M], NaHCO3–[98.6% (15 min–0.6 M]. Similarly for Zn, KHCO3–[99.8% (10 min–0.4 M], NaHCO3–[99.9% (20 min–0.8 M] were observed respectively. Finally, the results have proven that higher efficiencies for BG dye removal were obtained along with HCOOH formation, which might be a better alternate for water purification and to decrease the atmospheric CO2 concentrations.

  13. Study on Brilliant Blue-chitosan System by Dual-wavelength Overlapping Resonance Rayleigh Scattering Method and its Analytical Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Caijuan; Sun, Zijun; Liu, Guihua; Su, Zhengquan; Bai, Yan

    2018-02-15

    The method was presented for the sensitive and selective determination of chitosan (CTS) in health products with Brilliant Blue (BB) as a probe, based on dual-wavelength overlapping resonance Rayleigh scattering (DWO-RRS). In weakly acidic buffer solution, the binding of CTS and BB could result in the RRS intensities getting enhanced significantly at RRS peaks of 344nm and 452nm, and the scattering intensities of the two peaks were proportional to the concentration of CTS within a certain range. When the RRS intensities of the two wavelengths were superposed, the results showed higher sensitivity. Under the optimum experimental conditions, the total of the two increased RRS intensities was linear to the CTS concentration in the range of 0.02-1.80μg/mL and the limit of detection (LOD) was 7.45ng/mL. In this work, the optimum conditions and the effects of some foreign substances were studied. Accordingly, the new method based on DWO-RRS for the determination of CTS was developed. In addition, the effect of the molecular weight and the deacetylation degree between different chitosan molecules was discussed. Finally, this assay was applied to determine the concentration of CTS in health products with satisfactory results. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Combination of the two schistosomal antigens Sm14 and Sm29 elicits significant protection against experimental Schistosoma mansoni infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ewaisha, Radwa E; Bahey-El-Din, Mohammed; Mossallam, Shereen F; Amer, Eglal I; Aboushleib, Hamida M; Khalil, Amal M

    2014-10-01

    Schistosomiasis continues to be a serious helminthic disease that is widespread in many regions in the world. Disease management relies mainly on early treatment with praziquantel, nevertheless, re-infection rates can still be high. An effective vaccine against Schistosoma mansoni is still lacking; a situation which hinders the efforts to eradicate the disease worldwide. Most investigators test S. mansoni antigens individually, rather than in combination, in their vaccine trials. A single-antigen vaccine is likely to elicit less protection against schistosomiasis than a multi-antigen vaccine. In the current study, we have selected two promising S. mansoni antigens, Sm14 and Sm29, and investigated their combination as a potential vaccine. Recombinant Sm14 and a truncated form of Sm29, designated TrSm29, were successfully expressed in Escherichiacoli. The two antigens were purified using affinity chromatography and administered to Swiss albino mice individually and in combination. Significant protection against S. mansoni infection was observed in mice immunized with the Sm14/TrSm29 combination in the presence/absence of the immunoadjuvant poly (I:C). The poly (I:C)-adjuvanted combination resulted in 40.3%, 68.2%, and 57.9% reduction in adult worm burden, liver egg burden and intestinal eggs, respectively. Granuloma size and count were also reduced besides improvement of the histopathological picture of livers of immunized mice. This study demonstrates the importance of using multi-antigen vaccines as an effective and simple approach to fulfill enhanced protection against schistosomiasis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Education of EU Migrant Children in EU Member States. Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harte, Emma; Herrera, Facundo; Stepanek, Martin

    2016-01-01

    This policy brief looks at the education of EU migrant children in the context of intra-EU mobility. It examines some of the literature and data on the topic in order to identify key differences between EU migrant children and non-migrant children. There are disparities in educational performance between migrants and non-migrants. The brief…

  16. EU and member state diplomacies in Moldova and Ukraine: Examining EU diplomatic performance post-Lisbon

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dorina Baltag; Michael Smith

    2015-01-01

    ... and national diplomatic services in third countries has received less attention. This article assesses the nature of interaction between member state embassies and the EU delegations in Moldova and Ukraine, two Eastern European countries on the EU's immediate border, where EU ambitions are high. By deploying concepts of efficiency and e...

  17. Eestimaa.eu kuulub lätlasele ja riik.eu hollandlasele / Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Zone Medias eu domeeninimesid registreeriva Jaanus Puttingu hinnangul on Eesti riik olnud passiivne EL-i domeeninime .eu sisaldavate lehekülgede kaitsmisel, sajad Eestile olulised domeeninimed on juba nii siinsete kui ka piiritaguste inimeste käes. Lisa: Rahvaliit.eu kuulub kinnisvaraportaalile

  18. Intergenerational Bargaining, EU Age Discrimination Law and EU Policies - an Integrated Analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Haar, B.; Rönnmar, M.

    2014-01-01

    This report aims to provide a discussion and analysis of EU age discrimination law and EU policies for younger and older workers and persons, and the interaction of law and policies. Furthermore, the ways in which EU law and policies hinder or enable intergenerational bargaining and age-related

  19. Direct synthesis of mesoporous molecular sieves of Ni-SBA-16 by internal pH adjustment method and its performance for adsorption of toxic Brilliant Green dye

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asma Tufail Shah

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available An ordered mesoporous novel material Ni-SBA-16 has been synthesized by internal pH-adjustment method. The synthesized material has been characterized by small angle XRD (SXRD, wide angle XRD (WXRD, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM, High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope (HRTEM, Fourier-transform Infra-red (FTIR spectroscope and Nitrogen Adsorption desorption techniques. The characterization results have shown that material possesses highly ordered mesostructure with high surface area (736 m2/g and large pore diameter (3.8 nm. FTIR and WXRD spectra revealed that nickel was uniformly dispersed on SBA-16 surface. The synthesized material has been used as adsorbent for removal of toxic Brilliant Green dye due to its large surface area and pore size. At optimized conditions, almost 100% of Brilliant Green dye was removed from aqueous solution by Ni-SBA-16. The isotherms analysis indicates that the Langmuir and Hill models provide the best correlation of the experimental data. The maximum adsorption capacity (qmax of Ni-SBA-16 for Brilliant Green dye was 322.58 mg/g.

  20. A New Bistable SmA Display Mode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hui-Yu; Shao, Renfan; Korblova, Eva; Walba, David; Lee, Wei; Clark, Noel A.

    2007-03-01

    In the traditional SmA display, crossed polarizers are absent and one can switch a light transparent state to an opaque light scattering state by using laser addressing or electric addressing. Such displays are bright, but of only moderate contrast ratio. Here, we present a new operation mode for a SmA display using two sets of electrodes, with one to induce homeotropic orientation and the other having an in-plane structure to induce planar orientation. This switching with crossed polarizer and analyzer enables a high contrast, bistable electro-optical effect. This SmA display mode exhibits a high contrast ratio (2500:1) for non-striped ITO pattern cells, prefect bistability, and reasonably fast switching (a few ms). These characteristics may enable potential applications on e-paper.

  1. Preparation and characterisation of compositionally graded SmCo films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andre Dias

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available A compositionally graded SmCo film has been prepared by magnetron sputtering using a Co target partially covered by a Sm foil. The film was deposited onto a 100 mm thermally oxidised Si substrate and then annealed ex-situ. The SmCo film has been used as a test sample to validate an in-house developed scanning MOKE (Magneto-Optic Kerr effect system incorporating a pulsed magnetic field source capable of producing fields as high as 10 T. A 2D array of hysteresis loops was measured across the entire wafer. The evolution in coercivity measured along a selected 1D strip of the sample is correlated with changes in composition and crystallographic structures measured using Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The high field Scanning MOKE system holds much potential for optimizing the extrinsic properties of known hard magnetic phases as well as in the search for new hard magnetic phases.

  2. Preparation and characterisation of compositionally graded SmCo films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Andre; Gomez, Gabriel; Givord, Dominique; Bonfim, Marlio; Dempsey, Nora M.

    2017-05-01

    A compositionally graded SmCo film has been prepared by magnetron sputtering using a Co target partially covered by a Sm foil. The film was deposited onto a 100 mm thermally oxidised Si substrate and then annealed ex-situ. The SmCo film has been used as a test sample to validate an in-house developed scanning MOKE (Magneto-Optic Kerr effect) system incorporating a pulsed magnetic field source capable of producing fields as high as 10 T. A 2D array of hysteresis loops was measured across the entire wafer. The evolution in coercivity measured along a selected 1D strip of the sample is correlated with changes in composition and crystallographic structures measured using Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The high field Scanning MOKE system holds much potential for optimizing the extrinsic properties of known hard magnetic phases as well as in the search for new hard magnetic phases.

  3. EU attitudes in Catalonia and Scotland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hau, Mark Friis

    2016-01-01

    of the Republican Left of Catalonia and the Scottish National Party respectively, I examine the nature of minority nationalist parties’ supposed Europhilia. I argue that there are two principal, ideal ways in which these two parties relate to the EU. 1) Instrumentally, where the focus is on how the EU benefits...

  4. Ambtshalve toepassing van EU-recht

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ancery, Alain Gaston Francois

    2012-01-01

    Private law is increasingly influenced by international law, in particular by EU law. EU law prohibits, for example, the use of a cartel and awards consumers a special form of protection, for example against the use of unfair terms in consumer contracts or against door-to-door selling. It is in

  5. EU-udvidelse, fusioner og spil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broberg, Morten Petersen

    2004-01-01

    EU-udvidelsen, arbejdskraftens fri bevægelighed, overgangsordning, fusionskontrol, fri bevægelighed for tjenesteydelser, spil, tips, lotto......EU-udvidelsen, arbejdskraftens fri bevægelighed, overgangsordning, fusionskontrol, fri bevægelighed for tjenesteydelser, spil, tips, lotto...

  6. Through the EU's Back and Front Doors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adler-Nissen, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    Through the EU's front- and backdoors: The selective Danish and Norwegian approaches in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice Rebecca Adler-Nissen......Through the EU's front- and backdoors: The selective Danish and Norwegian approaches in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice Rebecca Adler-Nissen...

  7. The EU and its trickster practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pace, Michelle

    2016-01-01

    If one looks at the European Union (EU)’s southern neighbourhood and considers its response to the Israeli Palestinian conflict, one can only wonder how the EU can have any apologists left at all. While the tortured history of the conflict dates back more than a century, its roots lie in decades ...

  8. Liminality in EU-Hamas relations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pace, Michelle; Pallister-Wilkins, Polly

    does not ‘fit’ into pre-existing social categories of the social order in world politics. The EU does not fit into the system of states in international relations, although it attempts, in part, to behave like one at a supranational level. Empirically, both the EU and Hamas are able to exercise power...

  9. Competitiveness of the EU poultry meat sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Horne, van P.L.M.; Bondt, N.

    2013-01-01

    EU poultry meat producers have to comply with legislation on environmental protection, animal welfare and food safety. This legislation has increased the production costs of poultry meat. At the same time the EU is negotiating with other countries or groups of countries to liberalise trade in

  10. EU-Komissionens Rom II-udkast

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peter Arnt

    2002-01-01

    Der redegøres for EU-Kommissionens udkast til forordning om, hvilket lands regler der skal gælde ved erstatning uden for kontrakt, hvor EU-Kommissionen har valgt en utraditionel fremgangsmåde. Udkastet fremtræder forholdsvist velstruktureret, selv om der kan rejses enkelte alvorlige indvendinger ...

  11. EU Studies in Denmark and Sweden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garski, Salla; Jørgensen, Knud Erik; Manners, Ian

    2012-01-01

    In this brief chapter we take stock of Danish and Swedish scholarship on the European Union (EU). We intend to analyze and evaluate Danish and Swedish scholarship on EU issues, using a mixed methodology integrated into the analysis of this chapter. The method integrates a secondary analysis of le...

  12. Growth effects of EU and EZ memberships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dreyer, Johannes Kabderian; Schmid, Peter A.

    2017-01-01

    a positive impact of EU membership on economic growth, but no impact of being part of the EZ, except during the financial crisis, when the EZ has a negative impact on growth amongst its members. Considering the heated political debate related to the Brexit referendum, our results favour a “yes” to the EU...

  13. Argentina and Brazil's Relations to the EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Steen Fryba

    Analysen diskuterer Argentina og Brasiliens relationer til EU i nyere tid med udgangspunkt i forhandlingerne om en associeringsaftale mellem EU og Mercosur, der igangsattes efter underskrivelsen af en bi-regional rammeaftale i 1995. Fokus er i særlig grad på, hvordan disse relationer bedst forstå...

  14. Thermal neutron cross-section and resonance integral of the 152Sm(n,γ)153Sm reaction induced by pulsed neutrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Do, Nguyen; Khue, Pham Duc; Thanh, Kim Tien; Hien, Nguyen Thi; Kim, Guinyun; Kim, Kwangsoo; Shin, Sung-Gyun; Kye, Yong-Uk; Cho, Moo-Hyun

    2017-10-01

    We measured the thermal neutron cross-section (σ0) and resonance integral (I0) of the 152Sm(n,γ)153Sm reaction relative to that of the 197Au(n,γ)198Au reaction. Sm and Au foils with and without a cadmium cover of 0.5 mm were irradiated with moderated pulsed neutrons produced from the electron linac. The induced activities of the reaction products were determined via high energy resolution HPGe detector. The present results: σ0,Sm =212±8 b and I0,Sm =3.02±0.19 kb are consistent with most of the existing reference data.

  15. Sodium samarium tetrakis(polyphosphate, NaSm(PO34

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Zhao

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available NaSm(PO34 has been prepared by solid state reactions. It belongs to type II of the structural family of MILnIII(PO34 compounds (MI = alkali metal and LnIII = rare earth metal and is composed of ∞(PO3n]n− polyphosphate chains with a repeating unit of four PO4 tetrahedra. The chains extend parallel to [100] and share O atoms with irregular SmO8 polyhedra, forming a three-dimensional framework which delimits tunnels occupied by Na+ cations in a distorted octahedral environment.

  16. Humanitarian Issues: the EU Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Navarro

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available The European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO and the 15 membercountries of the EU provide more than 50% of the humanitarian aid worldwide: ECHO assigns more than 90% of its budget (only 0.9% of the Community’s total to victims of man-made conflicts. For the author, the experience of ECHO shows the "limits of what is humanitarian": that is, the lack of security for humanitarian workers, the still-to-beoperational Permanent Tribunal for Crimes Against Humanity, the difficult access to refugees, and the fact that humanitarian efforts are not a substitute for policy and, therefore, that humanitarian efforts can not resolve a crisis that has a political origin and solution. The challenges to be faced in the coming years include denouncing the violations of humanitarian values, transferring these values into a future CFSP, organizing humanitarian aid efficiently, combating “donor fatigue” and supporting conflict prevention.

  17. The EU and the Syrian Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seeberg, Peter

    2015-01-01

    The Syrian crisis has from May 2011 and onwards been met by the EU with rounds of tightening sanctions attempting to put pressure on the Syrian regime and the elites surrounding it. Based on a typology for the sanctions and a periodization showing how the measures have proceeded, the article...... discusses the EU sanctions and to what degree they have influenced the situation in Syria. Furthermore, the article sheds light on regional and international dimensions of EU policies towards Syria and demonstrates how the policies are met with the Syrian regime's ability to adapt to conditions related...... to changing internal and external challenges. The article concludes that what in the first phases of the EU sanctions against Syria represented a deviation from the traditional pragmatic EU policies vis-à-vis the Middle East, seems during the latest phase to be followed by a more cautious approach, which also...

  18. AU-EU “Strategic Partnership”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodt, Annemarie Peen; Okeke, Jide

    2013-01-01

    This article appraises strategic partnership between the African Union (AU) and European Union (EU). It examines the context and nature of AU and EU security relations and explores the conditions under which partnership has a positive impact in this regard. This includes an evaluation of converge......This article appraises strategic partnership between the African Union (AU) and European Union (EU). It examines the context and nature of AU and EU security relations and explores the conditions under which partnership has a positive impact in this regard. This includes an evaluation...... of convergence between the two organizations and its effect or lack thereof on African security. The article concludes that events leading up to and initiatives following the 2007 Joint Africa–European Union Strategy have produced a degree of AU and EU convergence, which has had limited impact on the efficacy...

  19. The quest for a European civic culture : The EU and EU Citizenship in policies and practices of citizenship education in seven EU member states

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, W.E.; van der Kolk, M.; Berkeley, Dominic; Koska, Viktor

    2017-01-01

    Since the Treaty of Maastricht (1992) all nationals of EU member states hold EU citizenship too. EU citizens hold EU citizenship rights in addition to their national rights. These rights include civil, social, economic and political rights. Holding these rights does not guarantee actual

  20. A preliminary study of Heavy Brilliant Blue G for internal limiting membrane staining in macular hole surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhananjay Shukla

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Context : Surgical outcomes of vitrectomy for idiopathic macular hole using a "heavy" Brilliant Blue G (HBBG solution for staining and removal of the internal limiting membrane (ILM. Settings and Design : Prospective interventional case series conducted in a tertiary eye care hospital. Materials and Methods : Nineteen patients (20 eyes with idiopathic macular hole were enrolled to undergo vitrectomy with ILM peeling using HBBG. BBG dye was made heavy by mixing with 10% dextrose normal saline (DNS solution in 2:1 ratio. The adequacy of ILM staining was noted intraoperatively. The closure rates of macular hole and visual improvement were recorded. Patients were followed up postoperatively on day 1, week 1, and subsequently at 1, 3, and 6 months, and every 6th month thereafter. Statistical Analysis: Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used; P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Preoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA ranged from 20/1000 to 20/63 (median: 20/100. Intraoperatively, the ILM stained very well in all eyes, and was easily removed. All macular holes closed postoperatively. The mean follow-up was 6.15 ± 2 months (range: 4-10; median: 6 months. Final BCVA ranged from 20/20 to 20/80 (median: 20/40, amounting to a significant visual improvement (P = 0.0001. BCVA improved by 1-8 Snellen lines in 19 eyes (95%; 16 eyes (80% improved by ≥2 lines; 13 eyes (65% achieved a final BCVA of 20/40 or better. Conclusions : Addition of 10% DNS to BBG dye allowed good ILM staining with less dye during macular hole surgery, and provided excellent anatomic and visual outcomes.

  1. Synthesis of hexagonal mesoporous MgAl LDH nanoplatelets adsorbent for the effective adsorption of Brilliant Yellow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pourfaraj, Reza; Fatemi, Seyed Jamilaldin; Kazemi, Sayed Yahya; Biparva, Pourya

    2017-12-15

    Hexagonal mesoporous MgAl layered double hydroxide (LDH) was synthesized through a simple hydrothermal method and was employed without calcination as adsorbent in the removal of the direct anionic azo dye, Brilliant Yellow (BY). The adsorbent was characterized by XRD, FT-IR, SEM and BET surface area. Hexagonal platelets of MgAl LDH were fabricated with nanometric building blocks. Batch experiments were carried out for study effects of contact time, amount of adsorbent, solution pH and solution temperature on the removal efficiency of BY. The adsorption of BY onto the MgAl LDH was pH dependent and the highest value of adsorption capacity was observed at pH=6. The equilibrium adsorption data were obtained using the Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherms. The results indicated that the experimental adsorption data were fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich models. The maximum adsorption capacity of BY onto the MgAl LDH was found to be 115mg/g. The kinetic data of adsorption were evaluated by pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order, which described well by pseudo-second order model. The negative values of ΔG° at all temperature indicated that the adsorption process was spontaneous. The values of ΔH° and ΔS° were calculated 19.3kJ/mol and 80.5J/mol·K, respectively. The positive value of ΔH° shows that the adsorption was endothermic, while positive ΔS° value reflects increased disorder at the solid-solution interface during the adsorption. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Adsorption properties of aluminum magnesium mixed hydroxide for the model anionic dye Reactive Brilliant Red K-2BP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yujiang; Gao, Baoyu; Wu, Tao; Wang, Biao; Li, Xia

    2009-05-30

    The use of aluminum magnesium mixed metal hydroxide (MMH) as adsorbent to remove Reactive Brilliant Red K-2BP (RBR K-2BP), as a model anionic dye, from aqueous solution was investigated. MMH was prepared by coprecipitation and was characterized by XRD, TEM and average particle diameter. Adsorption experiments were carried out as a function of pH, contact time, concentration of dye, adsorbent dosage, and temperature. The results showed that MMH was particularly effective to remove RBR K-2BP, and that the effective pH range for the dye removal was between 4.0 and 11.0, but at pHs lower than 4, dissolution of MMH took place. A significant decline of dye adsorption occurred at pHs above the isoelectric point (IEP). The adsorption of RBR K-2BP on MMH reached equilibrium within 4h. The appropriate adsorbent dosage was 1000 mg/L. The interaction between the surface sites of MMH and the dye ions may be a combination of both anion exchange and surface complexation. Three kinetic models have been evaluated to fit the experimental data. It was shown that the pseudo-second-order model best described the adsorption kinetics of RBR K-2BP on MMH. The equilibrium isotherm showed that the adsorption of RBR K-2BP onto MMH was consistent with the Langmuir and Freundlich equations. And the saturated adsorption capacity of MMH for RBR K-2BP was 657.5mg/g. The adsorption process was endothermic in nature. MMH displayed superior treatment efficiency to the industrial dye effluents from a printing and dyeing plant with a removal efficiency of 93.8-96.7% for colored materials and 77.9-83.6% for COD.

  3. Determination of the nuclear magnetic moments of 145–148Eu by low-temperature nuclear orientation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.G. van den Berg

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available Nuclear orientation measurements down to 2 mK have been performed on sources of 145–148Eu in SmFe2. The gamma-ray anisotropy yields the nuclear magnetic moments of the europium nuclei with A = 145, 146, 147and148 to be 1.1 ± 0.3 μN, 0.70 ± 0.07 μN, 1.0 ± 0.1 μN and 1.33 ± 0.06 μN, respectively.

  4. Casting light on BSM physics with SM standard candles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtin, David; Jaiswal, Prerit; Meade, Patrick; Tien, Pin-Ju

    2013-08-01

    The Standard Model (SM) has had resounding success in describing almost every measurement performed by the ATLAS and CMS experiments. In particular, these experiments have put many beyond the SM models of natural Electroweak Symmetry Breaking into tension with the data. It is therefore remarkable that it is still the LEP experiment, and not the LHC, which often sets the gold standard for understanding the possibility of new color-neutral states at the electroweak (EW) scale. Recently, ATLAS and CMS have started to push beyond LEP in bounding heavy new EW states, but a gap between the exclusions of LEP and the LHC typically remains. In this paper we show that measurements of SM Standard Candles can be repurposed to set entirely complementary constraints on new physics. To demonstrate this, we use W + W -cross section measurements to set bounds on a set of slepton-based simplified models which fill in the gaps left by LEP and dedicated LHC searches. Having demonstrated the sensitivity of the W + W -measurement to light sleptons, we also find regions where sleptons can improve the fit of the data compared to the NLO SM W + W -prediction alone. Remarkably, in those regions the sleptons also provide for the right relic-density of Bino-like Dark Matter and provide an explanation for the longstanding 3 σ discrepancy in the measurement of ( g - 2) μ.

  5. Searches for Beyond SM Higgs Boson at the Tevatron

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Safonov, A.; /Texas A-M

    2006-05-01

    In the following, the authors describe preliminary results of searches for non-SM higgs bosons at the CDF and D0 experiments. Both experiments use data obtained in p{bar p} collisions at the Tevatron at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV.

  6. Samarium Monosulfide (SmS): Reviewing Properties and Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousanis, Andreas; Smet, Philippe F; Poelman, Dirk

    2017-08-16

    In this review, we give an overview of the properties and applications of samarium monosulfide, SmS, which has gained considerable interest as a switchable material. It shows a pressure-induced phase transition from the semiconducting to the metallic state by polishing, and it switches back to the semiconducting state by heating. The material also shows a magnetic transition, from the paramagnetic state to an antiferromagnetically ordered state. The switching behavior between the semiconducting and metallic states could be exploited in several applications, such as high density optical storage and memory materials, thermovoltaic devices, infrared sensors and more. We discuss the electronic, optical and magnetic properties of SmS, its switching behavior, as well as the thin film deposition techniques which have been used, such as e-beam evaporation and sputtering. Moreover, applications and possible ideas for future work on this material are presented. Our scope is to present the properties of SmS, which were mainly measured in bulk crystals, while at the same time we describe the possible deposition methods that will push the study of SmS to nanoscale dimensions, opening an intriguing range of applications for low-dimensional, pressure-induced semiconductor-metal transition compounds.

  7. Thermoluminescence characteristics of Sm doped NaYF4 crystals

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2006-06-28

    Jun 28, 2006 ... temperature peaks also vary in relation to the Sm3+ con- centration in NaYF4. This indicates a probable change in the trap structure of NaYF4 with the doping concentration of samarium impurity. This observation is in conformity with the earlier studies (Narasimha Reddy et al 1987;. Gopal Reddy et al 1988; ...

  8. Discovery of SM Higgs Boson in ATLAS Experiment

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 18; Issue 3. Discovery of SM Higgs Boson in ATLAS Experiment. Prafulla Kumar Behera. General Article Volume 18 Issue 3 March 2013 pp 248-263. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  9. SM22 a Plasma Biomarker for Human Transmural Intestinal Ischemia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schellekens, Dirk H. S. M.; Reisinger, Kostan W.; Lenaerts, Kaatje; Hadfoune, M.'hamed; Olde Damink, Steven W.; Buurman, Wim A.; Dejong, Cornelis H. C.; Derikx, Joep P. M.

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate the diagnostic potential of smooth muscle protein of 22 kDa (SM22) as plasma biomarker for the detection of transmural intestinal ischemia. Acute mesenteric ischemia is an abdominal emergency requiring rapid diagnosis and treatment. Especially, detection of transmural damage is

  10. Structural, dielectric and electrical properties of Sm-modified Pb ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    It is observed that. the dielectric permittivity () and loss tangent (tan ) are dependent on frequency,; the temperature of dielectric permittivity maximum shifts toward lower temperature side with the increase of samarium ion (Sm+3) concentration at the Pb sites, and; observed and calculated -values of XRD patterns show ...

  11. Thermodynamic study on the Sm-Ba-Cu-O system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xian-ran, Xing; Zhi-yu, Qiao; Shou-kun, Wei; Xiao-long, Chen; Jing-kui, Liang; Guang-hui, Rao

    1996-11-01

    The assembly for EMF measurement with CaF2 single crystal or MgO partially stabilized zirconia as solid state electrolyte has been constructed. From the EMF data, the standard Gibbs energies, standard enthalpies of formation and standard entropies of six complex oxides in the Sm-Ba-Cu-O system were calculated. The decomposition pressures of these complex oxides were derived.

  12. 31 CFR 208.5 - Availability of the ETA SM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Availability of the ETA SM. 208.5 Section 208.5 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL AGENCY...

  13. Normative power Europe? EU relations with Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tessa de Wekker

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the extent to which the European Union (EU constitutes a normative power in its relations with Moldova. ‘Normative power Europe’ is examined along three dimensions: (i normative intent; (ii normative process; and (iii normative impact. Our empirical analysis focuses on two norms: democracy and good governance. In addition, we ask how ‘normatively’ the EU has acted regarding a solution to the Transnistrian conflict. On the basis of our three-dimensional framework, we find that EU normative power can be judged as only moderate in EU-Moldovan relations. As for intent, while norms of democracy and good governance seem to play a central role in EU-Moldovan relations, the Union tends to apply double standards in terms of what it expects from (EU Member States and what it asks of Moldova, and also seems to be inconsistent in its policies towards Moldova and Ukraine. In terms of process, the degree of inclusiveness on the part of the Union has not been satisfactory. Neither has the extent of reflexivity, but more recently the Commission seems to have developed a more reflexive behaviour. In regards to impact, while norm changes in Moldova have been modest/moderate, it seems that the EU has substantially contributed to these changes.

  14. Emerging food safety issues: An EU perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEvoy, John D G

    2016-05-01

    Safe food is the right of every citizen of the European Union (EU). A comprehensive and dynamic framework of food and feed safety legislation has been put in place and the EU's executive arm - the European Commission - is responsible for ensuring that the EU member states apply food law consistently. Similarly, the Commission plays an important role in ensuring that imported food meets the EU's stringent food safety standards. Consumer perceptions of unsafe food tend to focus on acute outbreaks of bacterial or viral origin. In recent years there have been a number of diverse food crises associated with fraudulent activity which may (e.g. melamine in dairy products in China) or may not (e.g. the horse meat scandal in the EU) represent a genuine food safety risk. Well publicized incidents of chronic exposure to chemical contamination in the EU (e.g. dioxins in meat and mycotoxins in nuts) have required robust coordinated policy responses from the Commission. Despite the decreasing incidence of non-compliant residues of veterinary medicinal products and banned substances in animal products, EU consumers are increasingly concerned about the use of such products in food-producing animals, including in the context of the build-up of antimicrobial resistance in animals and transfer to humans. The Commission plays a key role in coordination of the EU member states' responses to such incidents, in risk management, and in preparation for emerging issues. This paper focuses on how the EU as a whole has dealt with a number of food crises, and what can be learned from past incidents. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. Spectral investigations of Sm3+-doped niobium phosphate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srihari, T.; Jayasankar, C. K.

    2017-04-01

    Phosphate glasses modified with niobium and doped with different concentrations of Sm3+ ions (P2O5+K2O + Al2O3+Nb2O5+Sm2O3) were prepared by conventional melt quenching technique. Structural and optical characterizations have been carried out through X-ray diffraction (XRD), absorption, excitation, emission and decay measurements. With the help of well known Judd-Ofelt theory (JO), various radiative properties such as radiative transition probabilities (AR), branching ratios (βR) and radiative lifetime (τR) for certain luminescent levels of Sm3+ ions have been determined. The emission spectra consists of four emission bands in the visible region that corresponds to the 4G5/2 → 6HJ (J = 5/2, 7/2, 9/2 and 11/2) transitions of Sm3+ ions. The stimulated emission cross-section found to be higher for 4G5/2 → 6H7/2 (11.52 × 10-22 cm2) and 4G5/2 → 6H9/2 (13.75 × 10-22 cm2) transitions. Experimental lifetimes (τexp), quantum efficiencies (η), energy transfer parameter (Q) and donor-acceptor interaction parameter (CDA) for all these glasses were evaluated under the frame work of Inokuti-Hirayama model. From the analyzed spectroscopic properties, such as quantum efficiency (98%) and CIE chromaticity coordinates, it is suggested that the 1.0 mol % of Sm3+ ions doped glasses are most suitable for the development of gain media for visible orange-red lasers.

  16. The EU as an international security provider

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodt, Annemarie Peen; Wolff, Stefan; Whitman, Richard

    2015-01-01

    of analysis, which could serve as the foundation for a mid-range theory of the EU as an international security provider, will examine the relevance of, and apply, existing theories of international relations/international security and foreign policy analysis to the specific case of the EU. The framework...... that will emerge from this analysis will then be tested and applied empirically in the following contributions that focus on how particular policies are formulated and implemented, and that analyse, in single and comparative case studies, the impact and effectiveness of the EU as an international security provider....

  17. EU Lobbying and Anti-Dumping Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    2012-01-01

    of petitioning firms and Council voting in the case of anti-dumping policy. If the political position of countries in anti-dumping cases is influenced by domestic lobbying efforts, we expect that the empirical pattern of country distribution of petitioning firms in EU anti-dumping cases corresponds closely...... to the empirical pattern of EU country distribution in Council voting. Our results show a low petitioning intensity for anti-dumping investigations and a high voting intensity against anti-dumping measures in Northern Europe. Thus, it seems likely that domestic lobbying efforts have influenced the political...... position of countries in the special case of EU anti-dumping policy....

  18. Regulating investment funds: Serbia vs. EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montiljo-Mihajlović Dijana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Law on Investment Funds ('Official Gazette of the RS', no. 46/06, 51/09, and 31/11 regulates the field of investment funds operating in Serbia. Bearing in mind that Serbia has been in the process of joining the EU, and that it faces the pending obligation of gradual acquisition of the EU solutions and harmonization of local regulations with the relevant EU directives, in this paper we analyze the room for amendments to the concerned Law, with a view to further harmonization of domestic regulations related to investment funds, and facilitation of the local fund industry's development.

  19. The "New Politics" of EU's Eastern Enlargement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zank, Wolfgang

    The paper gives an overview of EU's eastern enlargement and draws some theoretical conclusions. In particular, it stresses the point that the EU member states in the process of enlargement have entered a phase of "new politics", characterised by multilateralism, conditionality, help and binding...... agreements. They gained strong influence over their surroundings, and ,albeit they had to give up substantil parts of de-facto sovereingty, they are much better off than before, in particular in terms of security. EU's "new politics" are a successful alternative model to the "old politics", represented e...

  20. Radiation-induced valence changes in Eu-doped phosphors

    CERN Document Server

    Upadeo, S V

    1997-01-01

    Europium impurities can be incorporated in two forms: divalent and trivalent. Phosphors activated by Eu sup 2 sup + or Eu sup 3 sup + find important applications. Exposure to ionizing radiations is known to cause Eu sup 3 sup +->Eu sup 2 sup + conversion. This conversion is important in understanding thermoluminescence and radiophotoluminescence applications. However, there have been no systematic studies on Eu sup 3 sup +reversible Eu sup 2 sup + conversion. Data on Eu sup 3 sup +reversible Eu sup 2 sup + conversion in a large number of europium-doped phosphors are presented in this paper. It is concluded that efficient Eu sup 2 sup + phosphors are suitable hosts for studying Eu sup 3 sup +reversible Eu sup 2 sup + conversion. (author)

  1. Facile Fabrication and Properties of Gd2O3:Eu3+, Y2O3:Eu3+ Nanophosphors and Gd2O3:Eu3+/Silica, Y2O3:Eu3+/Silica Nanocomposites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anh, Tran Kim; Chau, Pham Thi Minh; Hai, Nguyen Thi Quy; Ha, Vu Thi Thai; Van Tuyen, Ho; Bounyavong, Sengthong; Thanh, Nguyen Trong; Minh, Le Quoc

    2017-10-01

    Gd2O3:Eu3+ and Y2O3:Eu3+ nanophosphors have been successfully fabricated by a combustion method at low temperature (350°C) in a short time (5 min) using natriethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA-Na2) as fuel. The structure, morphology and size of Gd2O3:Eu3+ and Y2O3:Eu3+ nanophosphors have been determined by x-ray diffraction and field emission scanning electron microscopy. Photoluminescence spectra indicated that the optimum Eu3+ ion concentrations with the strongest luminescence emission intensities are 5 mol.% for Y2O3:Eu3+ and 7 mol.% for Gd2O3:Eu3+. The nanocomposites of Gd2O3:Eu3+/silica and Y2O3:Eu3+/silica were fabricated by a sol-gel process with tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) as matrix material, and the nanocomposite compositions were analyzed by energy dispersion spectra. The strongest luminescence peaks from the 5D0-7F2 transition of the Eu3+ ion in Gd2O3:Eu3+ and Y2O3:Eu3+ nanophosphors are between 613 nm and 615 nm. The Gd2O3:Eu3+ and Y2O3:Eu3+ nanophosphors and their silica nanocomposites were studied to elucidate the influences of the Eu3+ concentration, host materials, annealing temperature, and weight ratio of TEOS and Gd2O3:Eu3+ or Y2O3:Eu3+.

  2. Simplified syntheses of the water-soluble chiral shift reagents Sm-(R)-pdta and Sm-(S)-pdta

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hrubá, L.; Buděšínský, Miloš; Pícha, Jan; Jiráček, Jiří; Vaněk, Václav

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 54, č. 47 (2013), s. 6296-6297 ISSN 0040-4039 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : NMR * chiral shift reagents * Sm-pdta * PDTA * samarium * 1,2-diaminopropane Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.391, year: 2013

  3. EU POLICY ON EDUCATION FUNDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Cristina PANA

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available On average, EU countries allocate 6.4% of total public expenditure for the direct support of the public sector at all levels of education. In view of a more rational allocation of resources seriously diminished by the crisis there are made efforts to identify educational areas considered problematic in terms of accessing various education programs. This paper presents pre-school funding policies and policies to support families with preschool and school age children in the European Union through a comparative analysis of the focus group type. There are also presented concrete ways of achieving that family support such as tax cuts, family allowances or by taking into account certain factors in order to establish fees. In all countries where taxes are paid for pre-compulsory education (ISCED A there is a mechanism by which parental contributions can be adjusted according to the means available taking into account criteria such as family income, number of children, family status (children who live with one parent geographic area, etc.

  4. Potential energy surface for the reaction Sm+ + CO2 → SmO+ + CO: guided ion beam and theoretical studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armentrout, P B; Cox, Richard M

    2017-05-10

    The potential energy surface (PES) for the oxidation of samarium cations by carbon dioxide is explored both experimentally and theoretically. Using guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometry, several reactions are examined as a function of kinetic energy. These include the title reaction as well as its reverse along with the collision-induced dissociation of Sm+(CO2) and OSm+(CO) with Xe. Analysis of the kinetic energy dependent cross sections yields barriers for the forward and reverse oxidation reaction of 1.77 ± 0.11 and 2.04 ± 0.13 eV, respectively, and Sm+-OCO and OSm+-CO bond dissociation energies (BDEs) of 0.42 ± 0.03 and 0.97 ± 0.07 eV, respectively. BDEs for Sm+(CO2)x for x = 2 and 3 are also determined as 0.40 ± 0.13 and 0.48 ± 0.12 eV, respectively. The PESs for the title reaction along the sextet and octet spin surfaces are also examined theoretically at the MP2 and CCSD(T) levels using both effective core potential and all-electron basis sets. Reasonable agreement between theory and experiment is obtained for the experimentally characterized intermediates, although all-electron basis sets and spin-orbit effects are needed for quantitative agreement. The observed barrier for oxidation is shown to likely correspond to the energy of the crossing between surfaces corresponding to the ground state electronic configuration of Sm+ (8F,4f66s1) and an excited surface having two electrons in the valence space (excluding 4f), which are needed to form the strong SmO+ bond.

  5. U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Archick, Kristin

    2006-01-01

    The September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks gave new momentum to European Union (EU) initiatives to improve law enforcement cooperation against terrorism both among its 25 member states and with the United States...

  6. EU Enlargement between Economic and Political Criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romeo-Victor Ionescu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper answers at two important questions: Is the EU able to support new adhering processes? and Is the Euro area able to enlarge in 2014? The comparative analysis in the paper covers four economic competitors: EU, USA, China and Japan, and is based on GDP growth rate, unemployment and inflation rates. The second part of the paper deals with an economic forecast during 2015-2016, focused on EU27, Euro area, Croatia and Latvia, in order to discuss the effects of the adhering to EU and Euro area. The results of the two-level analysis are supported by pertinent diagrams and annexes. The analysis uses a neutral statistical database – Eurostat – and dedicated forecast software. The main conclusion of the paper is that the adhering processes from 2013 and 2014 are based on economic and political criteria.

  7. EuCARD final project report

    CERN Document Server

    Koutchouk, J P

    2014-01-01

    After four years of activity, EuCARD has most of its objectives fulfilled, with some new objectives added and a few others on excellent tracks while requiring additional time. The management has been active in reinforcing the collaborative links between partners and projects, contributing to the preparation of FP7-EuCARD2, initiating FP7-HiLumi-LHC Design Study, to favour sustained collaborations beyond EuCARD. An out-of-contract network has been successfully launched on laser plasma acceleration, to combine forces between accelerator, laser and plasma communities. Communication and dissemination activities have led to two highlights: Accelerating News, an accelerator R&D newsletter initiated by EuCARD and now common to all FP7 accelerator projects (over 1000 subscribers) and a series of monographs on accelerator sciences that is progressively finding its public. The scientific networks have more than fulfilled their initial objectives: roadmaps are defined for neutrino facilities, submitted to the Europe...

  8. Towards a Practice Turn in EU Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adler-Nissen, Rebecca

    2016-01-01

    This article explores how practice theory can be recruited for the study of European integration. New generations of EU researchers are fascinated by the prospect of leaving the armchair and studying the people and artefacts that make the EU on an everyday level. This article surveys key practice...... and allow us to grasp otherwise uncharted performances and social activities that are crucial for European integration....

  9. ROMANIA'S EU ACCESSION. GAINS AND LOSSES (I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caba Stefan

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available EU accession has brought, as expected, many changes in economic, social and cultural domains. An important chapter is the trade dynamics and how this dynamic has been modified over time by changes in the legal status of Romania's relations with certain trading partners. In this paper we present data on trade with countries with which Romania has concluded trade agreements before accession. Data presentation and analysis continues in "Romania's EU accession. Gains and losses (II".

  10. MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS AND EU ECONOMIC INTEGRATION

    OpenAIRE

    Jin, HuiLan

    2017-01-01

    With the development of multinational corporations and the continuous improvement of their status, their influence on world economy and politics is more extensive and profound. In the process of the European Economic integration, investment, production and trade of multinational companies in Eu-rope deepened the international division of labor and economic contact among European countries. The purpose of this thesis is to research the influence of multinational corporations on EU economi...

  11. Mobile TV: An assessment of EU policies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tadayoni, Reza; Henten, Anders; Windekilde, Iwona Maria

    The aim of the paper is to discuss EU policies in the area of mobile TV. The European Commission has strongly promoted an EU-wide common policy on mobile TV including the choice of DVB-H as the standard to be used. The paper aims at discussing this policy in view of the technological and market...... developments in the field of mobile media....

  12. The effects of Eu-concentrations on the luminescent properties of SrF{sub 2}:Eu nanophosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yagoub, M.Y.A.; Swart, H.C.; Noto, L.L. [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein ZA9300 (South Africa); O’Connel, J.H.; Lee, M.E. [Department of Physics and Centre for HRTEM, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, PO Box 77000, Port Elizabeth ZA6031 (South Africa); Coetsee, E., E-mail: CoetseeE@ufs.ac.za [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein ZA9300 (South Africa)

    2014-12-15

    SrF{sub 2}:Eu nanophosphors were successfully synthesized by the hydrothermal method. The structure of the nanophosphors was investigated with x-ray diffraction. The average crystallite size calculated using the Scherrer equation was in the range of 7.0 nm. The photoluminescence of Eu doped as-prepared SrF{sub 2} nanophosphors were studied using different excitation sources. The samples showed emission from both the Eu oxidation states, Eu{sup 2+} and Eu{sup 3+}. At low Eu concentrations the emission from Eu{sup 2+} centered at 416 nm was more dominant. While the narrow band of Eu{sup 3+} emission intensity increased with an increase in the Eu concentration. High resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results indicated that the Eu was indeed in both Eu{sup 2+} and Eu{sup 3+} valance states. The presence of Eu{sup 2+} and Eu{sup 3+} in the system largely enhanced the response of the Eu{sup 3+} under ultraviolet excitation. The time of flight-secondary ion mass spectrometry results suggested that the energy transfer between two ions was likely to occur. The relative photoluminescence intensity of the Eu{sup 2+} rapidly decreased with an increasing laser beam irradiating time. This result would make the current Eu{sup 2+} doped SrF{sub 2} samples unsuitable candidates for several applications, such as white light-emitting diodes and wavelength conversion films for silicon photovoltaic cells. - Highlights: • SrF{sub 2}: Eu nanophosphors were successfully synthesised (hydrothermal technique). • PL and XPS results showed enhanced absorption response of Eu{sup 3+} UV excitation. • Eu concentrations more than 5 mol% improved fluorescence emission. • TOF-SIMS results suggested that the energy transfer from Eu{sup 2+} to Eu{sup 3+} is dominant.

  13. The EU Commission initiative of nuclear liability; Die Initiative der EU-Kommission zur Nuklearhaftung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raetzke, Christian

    2013-11-15

    The EU Commission has recently tackled the difficult issue of nuclear liability in the EU. A public consultation on this topic, via an online questionnaire, has just been closed. The next step would normally be for the Commission to launch a draft piece of legislation. But the situation is complicated, and the Commission may have opened Pandora's box when they decided to deal with nuclear liability. The 'patchwork' of different international conventions and national legislations in force within the EU is on the one hand a very good reason to launch an EU initiative with the aim of harmonization. At the same time, the existing situation poses numerous obstacles to any attempt of finding viable solutions. What is more, the competence of the EU to issue legislation in the field of nuclear liability is doubtful. The article describes the current situation in the EU and explains some options which might be considered by the Commission. Scope and content of any future EU legislation on nuclear liability will be defined by the extent to which the Commission succeeds in obtaining a qualified majority in the Council. In the author's opinion, it is extremely important that any EU legislation does not collide with the existing system of international conventions. Within this framework, there is sufficient room for far-reaching solutions. Some of the more realistic options would be broadly compatible with German nuclear law and their introduction on EU level should be seriously considered. (orig.)

  14. Neutron Scattering from Heisenberg Ferromagnets EuO and EuS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Als-Nielsen, Jens Aage; Dietrich, O. W.; Passell, L.

    1976-01-01

    Neutron scattering has been used to study the magnetic ordering process in the isotropic exchange coupled ferromagnets EuO and EuS. Quantities investigated include the critical coefficients B and F+ and the critical exponents β, ν, and γ describing respectively the temperature dependence of the r......Neutron scattering has been used to study the magnetic ordering process in the isotropic exchange coupled ferromagnets EuO and EuS. Quantities investigated include the critical coefficients B and F+ and the critical exponents β, ν, and γ describing respectively the temperature dependence...

  15. Competitive adsorption of Reactive Orange 16 and Reactive Brilliant Blue R on polyaniline/bacterial extracellular polysaccharides composite-A novel eco-friendly polymer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Janaki, V. [Department of Chemistry, Periyar University, Salem 636011, Tamil Nadu (India); Vijayaraghavan, K. [Singapore-Delft Water Alliance, National University of Singapore, 117577 (Singapore); Ramasamy, A.K. [Department of Chemistry, Periyar University, Salem 636011, Tamil Nadu (India); Lee, Kui-Jae [Division of Biotechnology, Advanced Institute of Environment and Bioscience, College of Environmental and Bioresource Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Iksan 570752 (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Byung-Taek, E-mail: btoh@jbnu.ac.kr [Division of Biotechnology, Advanced Institute of Environment and Bioscience, College of Environmental and Bioresource Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Iksan 570752 (Korea, Republic of); Kamala-Kannan, Seralathan, E-mail: kannan@jbnu.ac.kr [Division of Biotechnology, Advanced Institute of Environment and Bioscience, College of Environmental and Bioresource Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Iksan 570752 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-11-30

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Competitive adsorption of reactive dyes onto polyaniline/bacterial extracellular polysaccharides composite. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The composite have functional groups of both polyaniline and bacterial extracellular polysaccharides. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The presence of Reactive Brilliant Blue R diminished the uptake of Reactive Orange 16. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Electrostatic interaction was identified as a major mechanism in adsorption process. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Reactive Brilliant Blue R and Reactive Orange 16 adsorption was endothermic process. - Abstract: The performance of polyaniline/extracellular polymeric substances (Pn/EPS) composite as an adsorbent to remove the anionic reactive dyes, Reactive Brilliant Blue R (RBBR) and Reactive Orange 16 (RO), was investigated in single and binary systems. The pH{sub pzc} of Pn/EPS composite was calculated as 3.7 through potentiometric mass titration method. Electrostatic interaction between the dye anion and the nitrogen present in the polymer was identified as a major mechanism in adsorption process. Single component isotherms followed the Langmuir model with the maximum adsorption capacity of 0.5775 mmol g{sup -1} for RBBR and 0.4748 mmol g{sup -1} for RO. In binary system, both the reactive dye anions compete with each other and resulted in lower uptake. Binary adsorption data were interpreted well by the Sheindorf-Rehbun-Sheintuch equation as compared to extended Langmuir model with constant interaction factor. Kinetic analysis of single solute followed pseudo-first order model. Thermodynamic studies computed that RBBR and RO adsorption was endothermic, spontaneous, and feasible process.

  16. The EU's Normative Power in Changing World Politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manners, Ian

    2009-01-01

    global order: 1) what is the concept of normative power in world politics?; 2) what is an effective EU toolbox for tackling new challenges?; 3) how does the EU go beyond self-perception and rhetoric?; 4) what is the raison d'etre of the EU?; and 5) how might normative power in EU external policies lead...... to a more just global order?...

  17. Om afstanden mellem EU-systemet og dets borgere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peter Heyn

    2016-01-01

    Artiklen diskuterer EU's demokratiske opbygning i forlængelse af debatten om EU-skepsis, der senest opstod som følge af Brexit-afstemningen.......Artiklen diskuterer EU's demokratiske opbygning i forlængelse af debatten om EU-skepsis, der senest opstod som følge af Brexit-afstemningen....

  18. Intrinsic Ferromagnetism in Eu doped ZnO

    OpenAIRE

    Assadi, M. H. N.; Zhang, Y. B.; Ionescu, M.; Photongkam, P.; Li, S.

    2010-01-01

    We report room temperature ferromagnetism in as-implanted Eu doped ZnO (ZnO:Eu). To address the origin of ferromagnetism ab initio calculations of ZnO:Eu system are performed. Results show that the ferromagnetism is induced by ZnO point defects as Eu ions in perfect ZnO tend to align antiferromagnetically.

  19. Degradation of Reactive Brilliant Red X-3B by zero-valent iron/activated carbon system in the presence of microwave irradiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Fei; Luo, Yin; Zhang, Li-Rong; Fu, Jie

    2011-01-01

    Reactive Brilliant Red X-3B in aqueous solution could be degraded rapidly by zero-valent iron/activated carbon in the presence of microwave irradiation (ZVI/AC/MW). From the analysis of ultraviolet-visible adsorption, chemical oxygen demand, total organic carbon, infrared spectra and capillary electrophoresis, we found the degradation was complete and no intermediates remained in the final solution treated for 2 min. Considering the many advantages including high degradation ratios, short reaction time, low costs, no intermediates and no secondary pollution, this method might be fit for dealing with various azo dye wastewaters on a large scale.

  20. Chinese investments in the EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haico EBBERS

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available China’s investments in the European Union are much lower than what you may expect given the economic size of both entities. These relatively low investments in Europe are a combination of priority and obstacles. The priority for investments is clearly in Asia, Africa and Latin America. This regional pattern is heavily influenced by the need to solve the resource shortage in the medium and long term. The investments in Europe and the United States are mostly market seeking investments. Research specifically focused on Chinese M&A abroad comes to the same conclusion. The success rate of Chinese M&A abroad is much lower than what we see with respect to American or European investments abroad. In this paper, we examine why Chinese firms are facing more difficulties in the European Union than in other regions. The paper focuses on Chinese M&A as proxy for total foreign direct investments abroad. By looking at the factors that have been documented as influencing the level of M&A abroad, it becomes clear that Chinese firms in Europe are hindered by many factors. For example, the trade between China and the EU is relatively low, the institutional quality is lower compared to the United States, there is less experience with respect to Europe and relatively many deals relate to State Owned Enterprises (SOE which makes the deal sensitive. So it is logical that Chinese investments are not very high in Europe. However, the research makes clear that the obstacles for Chinese investments in Europe are disappearing step by step. In that sense, we expect a strong increase of Chinese investments in Europe in the future.

  1. Sm29, but not Sm22.6 retains its ability to induce a protective immune response in mice previously exposed to a Schistosoma mansoni infection.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clarice Carvalho Alves

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: A vaccine against schistosomiasis would have a great impact in disease elimination. Sm29 and Sm22.6 are two parasite tegument proteins which represent promising antigens to compose a vaccine. These antigens have been associated with resistance to infection and reinfection in individuals living in endemic area for the disease and induced partial protection when evaluated in immunization trials using naïve mice. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPALS FINDINGS: In this study we evaluated rSm29 and rSm22.6 ability to induce protection in Balb/c mice that had been previously infected with S. mansoni and further treated with Praziquantel. Our results demonstrate that three doses of the vaccine containing rSm29 were necessary to elicit significant protection (26%-48%. Immunization of mice with rSm29 induced a significant production of IL-2, IFN-γ, IL-17, IL-4; significant production of specific antibodies; increased percentage of CD4+ central memory cells in comparison with infected and treated saline group and increased percentage of CD4+ effector memory cells in comparison with naïve Balb/c mice immunized with rSm29. On the other hand, although immunization with Sm22.6 induced a robust immune response, it failed to induce protection. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Our results demonstrate that rSm29 retains its ability to induce protection in previously infected animals, reinforcing its potential as a vaccine candidate.

  2. Deregulering af arbejdsretlige EU-direktiver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasselbalch, Ole; Rønnow Bruun, Jørgen

    2013-01-01

    Europa-Kommissionen vil lette de ”reguleringsmæssige byrder” for små og mellemstore virksomheder (SMV). Langt hovedparten af de danske virksomheder er SMV´er. Konsekvenserne af initiativet kan derfor blive særdeles vidtgående på dansk grund. Artiklen drøfter, om det overhovedet er muligt i henhol...

  3. Multiple magnetic transitions in SmCoAsO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongliang Chen

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The magnetic properties of SmCoAsO have been investigated. Our results differ from early observations. Complicated magnetism consists of antiferromagnetic, ferromagnetic, ferrimagnetic and paramagnetic, even diamagnetism at low field has been observed. A metamagnetic transition was observed, resulting from a canting of the spins. The interaction between two Co sublattices with canted-structure might take responsibility for the multiple magnetic transitions. Electrical resistivity data indicate that SmCoAsO is metallic conductor with room temperature resistivity of 0.51669 mΩ-cm. Negative magnetoresistance effect suggests a significant suppression of spin-flip scattering by the applied magnetic field. The magnetic phase diagram has been established.

  4. Assessing the Reliability of Quantitative Imaging of Sm-153

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poh, Zijie; Dagan, Maáyan; Veldman, Jeanette; Trees, Brad

    2013-03-01

    Samarium-153 is used for palliation of and recently has been investigated for therapy for bone metastases. Patient specific dosing of Sm-153 is based on quantitative single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and knowing the accuracy and precision of image-based estimates of the in vivo activity distribution. Physical phantom studies are useful for estimating these in simple objects, but do not model realistic activity distributions. We are using realistic Monte Carlo simulations combined with a realistic digital phantom modeling human anatomy to assess the accuracy and precision of Sm-153 SPECT. Preliminary data indicates that we can simulate projection images and reconstruct them with compensation for various physical image degrading factors, such as attenuation and scatter in the body as well as non-idealities in the imaging system, to provide realistic SPECT images.

  5. The EU Arbitration Convention : An evaluating assessment of the governance and functioning of the EU Arbitration Convention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pit, Harm Mark

    2017-01-01

    The EU Arbitration Convention An evaluating assessment of the governance and functioning of the EU Arbitration Convention Summary for non-experts The EU Arbitration Convention is a convention between EU Member States to eliminate double taxation arising from – for tax purposes – transfer pricing

  6. Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM) Project Strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bader, D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2017-09-18

    The E3SM project will assert and maintain an international scientific leadership position in the development of Earth system and climate models at the leading edge of scientific knowledge and computational capabilities. With its collaborators, it will demonstrate its leadership by using these models to achieve the goal of designing, executing, and analyzing climate and Earth system simulations that address the most critical scientific questions for the nation and DOE.

  7. Interlayer magnetotransport study in electron-doped Sm2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Kyoto 606-8502, Japan. ∗E-mail: shiba@kuee.kyoto-u.ac.jp. Abstract. Vortex and pseudogap states in electron-doped Sm2−xCexCuO4−δ (x ∼ 0.14) are investigated by the interlayer transport in magnetic fields up to 45 T. To extract in- trinsic properties, we fabricated small 30 nm-high mesa structures, sufficiently thin to.

  8. M1 spin strength distribution in [sup 154]Sm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarriguren, P.; Guerra, E.M. de (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Madrid (Spain). Inst. Estructura de la Materia); Nojarov, R.; Faessler, Amand (Tuebingen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik)

    1993-02-01

    The effect of the residual spin-spin interaction on the M1 spin-flip strength distribution in [sup 154]Sm is studied within the quasi-particle random phase approximation. The double-peaked structure found experimentally is reproduced. A new interpretation for the origin of the two peaks emerges from an analysis of our results. We identify these peaks as isoscalar and isovector and discuss previous theoretical interpretations. (Author).

  9. Samarium Monosulfide (SmS): Reviewing Properties and Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Sousanis, Andreas; Smet, Philippe; Poelman, Dirk

    2017-01-01

    In this review, we give an overview of the properties and applications of samarium monosulfide, SmS, which has gained considerable interest as a switchable material. It shows a pressure-induced phase transition from the semiconducting to the metallic state by polishing, and it switches back to the semiconducting state by heating. The material also shows a magnetic transition, from the paramagnetic state to an antiferromagnetically ordered state. The switching behavior between the semiconducti...

  10. Search for SM deviations in top precision studies at CMS

    CERN Document Server

    Skovpen, Kirill

    2017-01-01

    Precision studies of top quark properties provide a unique playground to test the predictions of the standard model and to search for new physics. Reviewed results from the CMS experiment done with the data collected at 8 TeV include studies of top quark Wtb anomalous and FCNC couplings, polarization, CP-violation and spin correlation effects. No significant deviations from the SM predictions are observed.

  11. Installation of a new cryogenic infrastructure at SM18

    CERN Multimedia

    MS18

    2013-01-01

    Part of the SM18 Hall is devoted to tests on radiofrequency (RF) cavities and cryomodules used for beam acceleration in various CERN experiments and accelerators. This movie presents the installation of the new cryogenic infrastructure in this area. It consists of a cryogenic line and six service modules, which will supply each of the six test stations. Almost 50 m of line, from the helium tank to the last test station, have been replaced.

  12. Robotundervisning med udgangspunkt i små og store robotmanipulatorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grøn, Helge Glinvad

    2016-01-01

    komme med en række eksempler på hvordan man kan inddrage robotteknologi I undervisningen. Oplægget tager udgangspunkt I en made at lave et “Hands-On” kursus i robotteknologi med bade store og små robotter. På UCN har vi på kursuset anvendt Universal Robot UR5 og Trossen Robotic Pincher-platform samt Pi...

  13. Vindmøller til små energisystemer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bindner, Henrik; Teodorescu, Remus; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2004-01-01

    Der er et meget stort behov for teknologi, der kan skaffe el til små landsbyer, der ikke hidtil har haft adgang til el. Det vurderes, at op mod 2 mia. mennesker ikke har adgang til el. Det er først og fremmest folk i Afrika syd for Sahara, men også store områder af Asien og Latinamerika er endnu...

  14. PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDIES OF ZINGIBER ZERUMBET (L.) SM. RHIZOME

    OpenAIRE

    Rout Om Prakash; Rout Kedar Kumar; Acharya Rabinarayan; Mishra Sagar Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Sm. is a well known medicinal plant employed to cure various diseases. The Current study provides a detailed summary of pharmacognostical and phytochemical characters of rhizome to give clear standards for identification of the drug. The study revealed the presence of the oil cells in cortex and central cylinder region containing yellow to orange coloured oleo-resin is the main characteristic feature. The presence of globose, ovoid and irregularly rounded starch grains ...

  15. Robotundervisning med udgangspunkt i små og store robotmanipulatorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grøn, Helge Glinvad

    komme med en række eksempler på hvordan man kan inddrage robotteknologi I undervisningen. Oplægget tager udgangspunkt I en made at lave et “Hands-On” kursus i robotteknologi med bade store og små robotter. På UCN har vi på kursuset anvendt Universal Robot UR5 og Trossen Robotic Pincher-platform samt Pi...

  16. Sustainable Development in the EU: Redefining and Operationalizing the Concept

    OpenAIRE

    Sander R.W. van Hees

    2014-01-01

    Although sustainable development plays an important role in EU law, neither EU law nor EU policy clearly explains what the concept means and how it must be put into practice. Policy-makers, NGOs, politicians and businesses do, however, need guidance on sustainable development for the purpose of good policy-making, for effectively holding the EU accountable, and for the design of CSR programmes. To that end, this article will first explain the guidance which EU law and policy already offer on ...

  17. New Linear Cryptanalysis of Chinese Commercial Block Cipher Standard SM4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Liu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available SM4 is a Chinese commercial block cipher standard used for wireless communication in China. In this paper, we use the partial linear approximation table of S-box to search for three rounds of iterative linear approximations of SM4, based on which the linear approximation for 20-round SM4 has been constructed. However, the best previous identified linear approximation only covers 19 rounds. At the same time, a linear approximation for 19-round SM4 is obtained, which is better than the known results. Furthermore, we show the key recovery attack on 24-round SM4 which is the best attack according to the number of rounds.

  18. Neutron scattering from the Kondo Insulator SmB6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broholm, Collin

    A review of neutron scattering work probing the Kondo insulator SmB6 is presented with special emphasis on assessing the topology of the underlying strongly renormalized band structure. A 14 meV excition dominates the spectrum and is evidence of strong electron correlations [1]. Though the data generally supports the proposal that SmB6 is a topological Kondo insulator, specific heat and high-resolution neutron scattering data show a continuum of states well below the bulk transport gap, which enrich the problem and may connect to the recent surprising de Haas van Alpen results. ``Interaction Driven Subgap Spin Exciton in the Kondo Insulator SmB6,'' W. T. Fuhrman, J. Leiner, P. Nikolic, G. E. Granroth, M. B. Stone, M. D. Lumsden, L. DeBeer-Schmitt, P. A. Alekseev, J.-M. Mignot, S. M. Koohpayeh, P. Cottingham, W. Adam Phelan, L. Schoop, T. M. McQueen, and C. Broholm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 036401 (2015). Supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Material Sciences and Engineering, under Grant No. DEFG02-08ER46544 and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation.

  19. Sm-ChIPi: Single-Molecule Chromatin Immunoprecipitation Imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatavosian, Roubina; Ren, Xiaojun

    2018-01-01

    Epigenetic complexes regulate chromatin dynamics via binding to and assembling on chromatin. However, the mechanisms of chromatin binding and assembly of epigenetic complexes within cells remain incompletely understood, partly due to technical challenges. Here, we present a new approach termed single-molecule chromatin immunoprecipitation imaging (Sm-ChIPi) that enables to assess the cellular assembly stoichiometry of epigenetic complexes on chromatin. Sm-ChIPi was developed based on chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by single-molecule fluorescence microscopy imaging. In this method, an epigenetic complex subunit fused with a gene coding for a fluorescent protein is stably expressed in its corresponding knockout cells. Nucleosomes associated with epigenetic complexes are isolated from cells at native conditions and incubated with biotinylated antibodies. The resulting complexes are immobilized on a quartz slide that had been passivated and functionalized with NeutrAvidin. Image stacks are then acquired by using single-molecule TIRF microscopy. The individual spots imaged by TIRF microscopy represent single protein-nucleosome complexes. The number of copies of the protein complexes on a nucleosome is inferred from the fluorescence photobleaching measurements. Sm-ChIPi is a sensitive and direct method that can quantify the cellular assembly stoichiometry of epigenetic complexes on chromatin.

  20. Succession of States in the EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martini Mario

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A specter is haunting Europe – the specter of separatism. Scotland, Catalonia, Flanders, South Tyrol – all these regions have separatist movements pursuing independence from their current National State. The breakup of an EU Member State no longer seems impossible. To date, it is unclear what impact this would have on the EU membership of the new entities (with consequences for the character of citizenship, voting rights in the council, number of MEPs etc. that emerge from the old States. The common rules of Public International Law governing the succession of States are insufficient in the case of a succession of States in the EU. Although the Treaties do not provide for such a situation and the past 60 years of European history offer only a few and not really persuasive precedents, the nature of the EU as a joint association of sovereign States (“Staatenverbund” demands a special approach: A separated State will neither be automatically excluded from the EU nor will it automatically become a new Member State. Drawing on the ideas of Articles 49 and 50 TEU this essay develops a procedure for balancing the interests of the EU, its Member States, and the people living in the seceding State, who are likely to be pro-EU. If a Member State breaks up, both the remaining State and the new entity will continue to represent the former Member State in the European institutions. The former Member State will provisionally continue to exist for both the EU and its Member States with respect to European matters. A process of negotiation between the two “new” States themselves and with the other Member States will lead to a new balance within the EU and the adaption of the Treaties – the solution has to be a political one. If the negotiations are successful, the former Member State can finally be dissolved at the EU level. In this case either both new States will become new Members or the remaining State will continue the membership (with

  1. Pressure-induced phase transition and stability of EuO and EuS with ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. We have predicted the phase transition pressures and corresponding relative volume changes of EuO and EuS having NaCl-type structure under high pressure using three-body interaction potential (TBIP) approach. In addition, the conditions for relative stability in terms of modified Born criterion has been checked ...

  2. Composition dependence of luminescence of Eu and Eu/Tb doped silicate glasses for LED applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhu, C.F.; Chaussedent, S.; Liu, S.

    2013-01-01

    The Eu and Eu/Tb doped silicate glasses are good candidates for light emitting diode (LED) applications. But the optical performance of these glasses is sensitive to variations in chemical composition. In this paper we report our recent findings about the effect of addition of minor components su...... curves....

  3. The EU Blue Card Directive: A Low Level of Trust in EU Labour Migration Regulation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Lange, T.; Grütters, C.; Strik, T.

    2013-01-01

    In its 2020 strategy document, the European Commission writes that the EU needs migrant labour 'given both the seriousness of skills mismatch in European labour markets as well as irreversible demogrpahic developments' Symmetrie betreen the free movement of union nationals within the EU and the

  4. Critical neutron scattering from the Heisenberg ferromagnets EuO and EuS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Als-Nielsen, Jens Aage; Dietrich, O. W.; Passell, L.

    1972-01-01

    The magnetic neutron scattering from isotopically enriched powders of EuO and EuS near their Curie temperatures has been studied. Results of the critical exponents for the static properties in standard notation were * Thumbnail image of Spin wave scattering at T...

  5. Quantum oscillations in the SmFeAsO parent compound and superconducting SmFeAs(O,F)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caglieris, F.; Leveratto, A.; Pallecchi, I.; Bernardini, F.; Fujioka, M.; Takano, Y.; Repetto, L.; Jost, A.; Zeitler, U.; Putti, M.

    2017-09-01

    By carrying out magnetotransport measurements up to 30 T, we succeeded in detecting and analyzing quantitatively Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations in two crystals of the R E FeAsO (R E =rare earth ) family of iron pnictides, namely, the undoped SmFeAsO and the superconducting fluorine underdoped SmFeAs(O,F). We combine experimental outcomes and ab initio calculations of electronic structure to get the following direct evidences: (i) the Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations are determined by a two-dimensional hole band, whose effective mass is m*=(0.50 ±0.1 ) me in the undoped sample and m*=(0.89 ±0.1 ) me in the F-doped sample, while classical magnetotransport is dominated by an electron band; (ii) in the superconducting compound we give a quantitative account of the low effectiveness of electron doping associated with fluorine substitution.

  6. Yellow to orange-reddish glass phosphors: Sm3+, Tb3+ and Sm3+/Tb3+ in zinc tellurite-germanate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez-Ramos, M. E.; Alvarado-Rivera, J.; Zayas, Ma. E.; Caldiño, U.; Hernández-Paredes, J.

    2018-01-01

    An optical spectroscopy analysis of TeO-GeO2-ZnO glass co-activating Sm3+/Tb3+ ions was carried out through Raman, photoluminescence spectra and decay time profiles as a function of Sm3+ concentration. According to the estimated CIE1931 chromaticity coordinates, the color of the emission can be adjusted from the yellow light region (0.4883, 0.4774), towards the reddish light region (0.5194,0.4144) by increasing the Sm3+ content from 1, 3, 5% mol, co-doped with 1% mol Tb3+ under co-excitation of Sm3+ and Tb3+ at 378 nm. The color temperatures are in the range of 1379-2804 K. Such photoluminescence is generated by the 4G 5/2 → 4H 5/2, 4H 7/2, 4H9/2 emissions of Sm3+ in addition to the 5D4→7F6,5,4,3 emissions of Tb3+; the single doped Sm3+ glass displayed an intense orange light. Meanwhile, co-doped Sm3+/Tb3+ glasses excited at 378 nm showed a significant reduction in Tb3+ emission, with a simultaneous increment in the reddish-orange emission of Sm3+, due to a non-radiative resonant energy transfer from Tb3+ to Sm3+. Decay time profile analysis of the Tb3+ emission as function of Sm3+ ion content suggests that an electric dipole-dipole interaction into Tb3+-Sm3+ clusters might dominate in the energy transfer process, with an efficiency and probability of 0.22, 0.27, 0.38 and 122.8, 327.6, 522.7 s-1, respectively.

  7. Degradation of reactive brilliant red K-2BP in aqueous solution using swirling jet-induced cavitation combined with H2O2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jingang; Wang, Xikui; Guo, Peiquan; Yu, Jiemei

    2011-03-01

    The degradation of reactive brilliant red K-2BP (K-2BP) in aqueous solution by using swirling jet-induced cavitation, ultrasonic cavitation, and swirling jet-induced cavitation combined with H(2)O(2), ultrasonic cavitation combined with H(2)O(2) was investigated. An obvious synergetic effect between hydrodynamic cavitation and H(2)O(2) was found and a variety of reaction parameters were investigated for the degradation of K-2BP. It was found that the degradation of K-2BP by hydrodynamic cavitation combined with H(2)O(2) follows a pseudo-first-order kinetics. Higher temperature of medium, higher-pressure of fluid and higher concentration of H(2)O(2) are favorable for the degradation of K-2BP, and lower medium pH, lower initial dye concentrations also favored K-2BP degradation. The degradation mechanism of reactive brilliant red K-2BP also discussed with the UV-Vis spectra of the dye solution at different degradation time. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. A simple conductometric method for trace level determination of brilliant green in water based on β-cyclodextrin and silver nitrate and determination of their thermodynamic parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roya Mohammad Zadeh Kakhki

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A gravimetric and complexometric titration method based on conductometric technique is presented for the quantitative determination of brilliant green (BG in water. The equilibrium constants and the thermodynamic parameters for the complex formation of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD with brilliant green (BG and precipitation of silver nitrate with BG have been determined by conductivity measurements in water. The results suggest that stable 1:1 complex is formed between BG and β-cyclodextrin and the thermodynamic parameters (ΔHc°,ΔSc° for this complexation reaction have been determined from temperature dependence of the stability constant using the van’t Hoff plots. Based on the obtained results, the conductometric method for the determination of BG in the presence of β-CD at 25 °C was developed in the range of 10−8–10−3 molL−1 and with AgNO3 is 10−3–10−5 molL−1.

  9. Drug-induced exposure of Schistosoma mansoni antigens SmCD59a and SmKK7.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Reimers

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a serious health problem especially in developing countries and affects more than 243 million people. Only few anthelmintic drugs are available up to now. A major obstacle for drug treatment is the different developmental stages and the varying host compartments during worm development. Anthelmintic drugs have been tested mainly on adult schistosomes or freshly transformed cercariae. Knowledge concerning the larval stages is lacking. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In this study, we used in vitro-grown schistosomula (aged between 2 to 14 days to investigate drug effects of the three anthelmintics praziquantel, artemether, and oxamniquine. Further, we analyzed the antibody accessibility of two exemplary schistosome antigens SmCD59a and SmKK7, before and after drug treatment. Our results demonstrated that praziquantel applied at a concentration of 1 μM inhibited development of all life stages. Application of 10 μM praziquantel led to dramatic morphological changes of all schistosomula. Artemether at 1 and 10 μM had differential effects depending on whether it was applied to 2-day as compared to 7- and 14-day schistosomula. While 2-day schistosomula were not killed but inhibited from further development, severe morphological damage was seen in 7- and 14-day schistosomula. Oxamniquine (1 and 10 μM led to severe morphological impairment in all life stages. Analyzing the accessibility of the antigens SmCD59a and SmKK7 before drug treatment showed no antibody binding on living intact schistosomula. However, when schistosomula were treated with anthelmintics, both antigens became exposed on the larvae. Oxamniquine turned out to be most effective in promoting antibody binding to all schistosomula stages. CONCLUSION: This study has revealed marked differences in anthelmintic drug effects against larvae. Drug treatment increases surface antigen presentation and renders larvae accessible to antibody attack.

  10. Drug-Induced Exposure of Schistosoma mansoni Antigens SmCD59a and SmKK7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Höschler, Beate; Langhans, Kristina; Wilson, R. Alan; Pierrot, Christine; Khalife, Jamal; Grevelding, Christoph G.; Chalmers, Iain W.; Yazdanbakhsh, Maria; Hoffmann, Karl F.; Hokke, Cornelis H.; Haas, Helmut; Schramm, Gabriele

    2015-01-01

    Background Schistosomiasis is a serious health problem especially in developing countries and affects more than 243 million people. Only few anthelmintic drugs are available up to now. A major obstacle for drug treatment is the different developmental stages and the varying host compartments during worm development. Anthelmintic drugs have been tested mainly on adult schistosomes or freshly transformed cercariae. Knowledge concerning the larval stages is lacking. Methodology/Principal Findings In this study, we used in vitro-grown schistosomula (aged between 2 to 14 days) to investigate drug effects of the three anthelmintics praziquantel, artemether, and oxamniquine. Further, we analyzed the antibody accessibility of two exemplary schistosome antigens SmCD59a and SmKK7, before and after drug treatment. Our results demonstrated that praziquantel applied at a concentration of 1 μM inhibited development of all life stages. Application of 10 μM praziquantel led to dramatic morphological changes of all schistosomula. Artemether at 1 and 10 μM had differential effects depending on whether it was applied to 2-day as compared to 7- and 14-day schistosomula. While 2-day schistosomula were not killed but inhibited from further development, severe morphological damage was seen in 7- and 14-day schistosomula. Oxamniquine (1 and 10 μM) led to severe morphological impairment in all life stages. Analyzing the accessibility of the antigens SmCD59a and SmKK7 before drug treatment showed no antibody binding on living intact schistosomula. However, when schistosomula were treated with anthelmintics, both antigens became exposed on the larvae. Oxamniquine turned out to be most effective in promoting antibody binding to all schistosomula stages. Conclusion This study has revealed marked differences in anthelmintic drug effects against larvae. Drug treatment increases surface antigen presentation and renders larvae accessible to antibody attack. PMID:25774883

  11. The transformative power of EU: An Assessment of EU impact in the judicial system of Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahrie Besimi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the process of EU integration, the aspiring and potential candidate countries have undergone a major process of reforms. The question that is aroused in this sense is to what extent the EU has had transformative power and impacted the internal judicial structures of Kosovo and under which conditions the EU is more effective. This article analyzes the findings of the Progress reports for a ten-year period (2005 – 2015 and the extent of the EU impact. It uses the conceptual and rational framework of external incentives model and argues that the EU impact in the judiciary system of Kosovo is crucial considering the starting low phase of reforms in Kosovo.

  12. Perceived Distributive Fairness of EU Transfer Payments, Outcome Favorability, Identity, and EU-Tax Compliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartner, Martina; Rechberger, Silvia; Kirchler, Erich; Wenzel, Michael

    2011-01-01

    In a representative UK study (N = 1000) the link between distributive fairness perceptions, outcome favorability, identity, and tax compliance was researched in the context of European transfer payments. Results showed that both forms of tax compliance (i.e., individual and collective EU-tax compliance) were influenced by perceived distributive fairness judgments of EU transfer payments. Fairness itself was related to perceived outcome favorability (i.e., whether their own nation benefits from the EU in financial as well as socio-political terms). Additionally, national identifiers (i.e., people identifying with their own nation, but not with Europe) perceived EU membership as unbeneficial in financial as well as in socio-political terms and thus considered the transfer payments as less fair. Dual identifiers (i.e., people identifying with their own nation and with Europe) perceived the socio-political outcomes from EU membership as more beneficial and thus evaluated the transfer payments as fairer.

  13. Quadrupole splitting and Eu partial lattice dynamics in europium orthophosphate EuPO {sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klobes, B., E-mail: b.klobes@fz-juelich.de [JARA-FIT - Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS and Peter Grünberg Institute PGI (Germany); Arinicheva, Y., E-mail: y.arinicheva@fz-juelich.de; Neumeier, S., E-mail: s.neumeier@fz-juelich.de [Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Institute of Energy and Climate Research (IEK-6) Nuclear Waste Management and Reactor Safety (Germany); Simon, R. E., E-mail: r.simon@fz-juelich.de; Jafari, A., E-mail: a.jafari@fz-juelich.de [JARA-FIT - Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS and Peter Grünberg Institute PGI (Germany); Bosbach, D., E-mail: d.bosbach@fz-juelich.de [Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Institute of Energy and Climate Research (IEK-6) Nuclear Waste Management and Reactor Safety (Germany); Hermann, R. P., E-mail: hermannrp@ornl.gov [JARA-FIT - Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS and Peter Grünberg Institute PGI (Germany)

    2016-12-15

    Hyperfine interactions in europium orthophosphate EuPO{sub 4} were investigated using {sup 151}Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy from 6 to 300 K. The value of the quadrupole splitting and the asymmetry parameter were refined and further substantiated by nuclear forward scattering data obtained at room temperature. The temperature dependence of the relative absorption was modeled with an Eu specific Debye temperature of 221(1) K. Eu partial lattice dynamics were probed by means of nuclear inelastic scattering and the mean force constant, the Lamb-Mössbauer factor, the internal energy, the vibrational entropy, the average phonon group velocity were calculated using the extracted density of phonon states. In general, Eu specific vibrations are characterized by rather small phonon energies and contribute strongly to the total entropy of the system. Although there is no classical Debye like behavior at low vibrational energies, the average phonon group velocity can be reasonably approximated using a linear fit.

  14. Preliminary evaluation of neutron capture cross sections for /sup 144/Sm, /sup 145/Sm and /sup 145/Pm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gardner, D.G.; Gardner, M.A.

    1986-02-13

    We have made preliminary neutron-capture cross-section calculations of the Hauser-Feshbach type for the isotopes /sup 144/Sm, /sup 145/Sm, and /sup 145/Pm to investigate the production of radioactive /sup 145/Pm by neutron capture on the stable isotope /sup 144/Sm. The calculations were made for incident neutron energies from 2.5 MeV to about 1/sup -4/ or 10/sup -5/ MeV, wherever the first unbound resonance was estimated to occur in each case. At that energy, the calculated value was reduced by a somewhat arbitrary factor, and the excitation function extended down to thermal energy using a (E/sub n/)/sup -1/2/ energy dependence. Since very large uncertainties are associated with the position and magnitude of the first unbound resonance and the subsequent extrapolation back to thermal energy, the cross sections in this low-energy region should not be considered more accurate than +- a factor of 10. For incident neutron energies above each step, the calculations represent an average through the separated and overlapping resonance regions and may be accurate to better than +- a factor of 2. 18 refs., 7 figs., 5 tabs.

  15. The EU sustainable energy policy indicators framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Streimikiene, Dalia; Sivickas, Gintautas

    2008-11-01

    The article deals with indicators framework to monitor implementation of the main EU (European Union) directives and other policy documents targeting sustainable energy development. The main EU directives which have impact on sustainable energy development are directives promoting energy efficiency and use of renewable energy sources, directives implementing greenhouse gas mitigation and atmospheric pollution reduction policies and other policy documents and strategies targeting energy sector. Promotion of use of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency improvements are among priorities of EU energy policy because the use of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency improvements has positive impact on energy security and climate change mitigation. The framework of indicators can be developed to establish the main targets set by EU energy and environmental policies allowing to connect indicators via chain of mutual impacts and to define policies and measures necessary to achieve established targets based on assessment of their impact on the targeted indicators representing sustainable energy development aims. The article discusses the application of indicators framework for EU sustainable energy policy analysis and presents the case study of this policy tool application for Baltic States. The article also discusses the use of biomass in Baltic States and future considerations in this field.

  16. Succession of States in the EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Martini

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A specter is haunting Europe – the specter of separatism. Scotland, Catalonia, Flanders, South Tyrol – all these regions have separatist movements pursuing independence from their current National State. The breakup of an EU Member State no longer seems impossible. To date, it is unclear what impact this would have on the EU membership of the new entities (with consequences for the character of citizenship, voting rights in the council, number of MEPs etc. that emerge from the old States. The common rules of Public International Law governing the succession of States are insufficient in the case of a succession of States in the EU. Although the Treaties do not provide for such a situation and the past 60 years of European history offer only a few and not really persuasive precedents, the nature of the EU as a joint association of sovereign States (“Staatenverbund” demands a special approach: A separated State will neither be automatically excluded from the EU nor will it automatically become a new Member State.

  17. INTEGRATION OF ROMANIAN INSURANCES MARKET IN EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe MOROŞAN

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important phenomena of the last decade has been the convergence of the financial services industry, especially the capital and insurance markets. The convergence in the insurance industry was determined by the increased frequency and the severity of catastrophic risks, market inefficiency in the past, and the new technologies in IT and communications. These globally developments can be observed much better at EU level, one of the most integrated areas of the world, which aimed the convergence of financial market, including an important component such as insurance market. As part of the EU, Romania also aims to financial market convergence with the EU countries. The article offers an overview and an analysis of the insurance market in the EU and Romania. Through a wide series of indicators such as: the amount of insurance premiums, degree of penetration, number of employees or number of insurance companies, it will analyze the evolution of this market convergence, as per all EU countries and Romania. It will identify the stage in which the insurance market in Romania is, regarding the requirements of full integration. Finally, there will be identified factors encouraging and particularly those who are impediments to insurance market convergence in Romania.

  18. Bacteriophages as Factories for Eu2O3 Nanoparticle Synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golec, Piotr; Żelechowska, Kamila; Karczewska-Golec, Joanna; Karczewski, Jakub; Leśniewski, Adam; Łoś, Marcin; Węgrzyn, Grzegorz; Kłonkowski, Andrzej M

    2017-07-19

    The use of phage display to identify peptides with an ability to bind and synthesize Eu2O3 nanoparticles is demonstrated in this report. This is the first report of modified phages specifically binding a lanthanide. The peptides exposed on virions revealed very strong binding to Eu2O3 nanoparticles and the ability to catalyze Eu2O3 nanoparticles' formation from Eu(OH)3 and Eu(NO3)3 solutions. The luminescence emission spectrum of Eu3+ ions indicated that these ions existed mostly in sites deviated from the inversion symmetry in crystalline Eu2O3 aggregates and gelatinous Eu(OH)3 precipitate. The ability of phage-displayed peptides to catalyze formation of Eu2O3 nanoparticles provides a useful tool for a low-cost and effective synthesis of lanthanide nanoparticles, which serve as attractive biomedical sensors or fluorescent labels, among their other applications.

  19. Identification and first characterization of SmEps8, a potential interaction partner of SmTK3 and SER transcribed in the gonads of Schistosoma mansoni.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buro, C; Burmeister, C; Quack, T; Grevelding, C G

    2017-09-01

    In eukaryotes the roles of protein kinases (PKs) regulating important biological processes such as growth and differentiation are well known. Molecular, biochemical, and physiological analyses trying to unravel principles of schistosome development have substantiated the importance for PKs also in this parasite. Amongst others the role of SmTK3 was studied, one of the first cellular PKs characterized from Schistosoma mansoni. Its function was demonstrated in mitogenic and differentiation processes in the gonads. Furthermore, first insights were obtained for the downstream part of a signal transduction cascade SmTK3 is involved in, which includes the diaphanous homolog SmDia. Here we attempted to further unravel the SmTK3 signaling cascade by searching for upstream interaction partners. Using yeast three-hybrid (Y3H) analyses we detected the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway substrate 8 of S. mansoni (SmEps8) as the most interesting candidate. By detailed interaction analyses we showed a contribution of the Src homology (SH) domains SH2 and SH3 of SmTK3 to binding, with a clear bias towards SH2. Compared to full-length SmEps8, binding was enhanced when only its 5' part including the phosphotyrosine binding domain (PTB) was used for interaction analyses including the SH2 domain of SmTK3, although phosphorylation seemed not to play a decisive role for binding. RT-PCR analyses and in situ hybridization experiments demonstrated similar transcription patterns of SmTK3 and SmEPS8, which co-localize in the reproductive organs. Furthermore, first evidence was obtained for SmEps8 interaction and colocalization with SER, one of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) homologs detected in S. mansoni. The results of this study provide first evidence for a SER-SmEps8-SmTK3-SmDia signal transduction pathway controlling differentiation processes in the gonads of S. mansoni. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. The innovation of EU environmental policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Inspired by the recent accession of three environmentally progressive member states to the European Union (EU), this book explores the process of environmental policy innovation in the EU, the forces behind the introduction of new issues and policy approaches, and the roles played by the major...... actors involved. The seven case-study chapters, written from a variety of perspectives, focus on such topics as the impact of formal and informal institutional factors on policy innovation, the potential influence of new members on EU environmental policy-making, the role of cross-national networks...... and alliances, the shifting balance between leader and laggard members, and the ongoing problem integrating the environment into other policy fields. The book also draws on theoretical approaches ranging from institutional to policy network analyses and examines such pertinent contemporary issues as packaging...

  1. EU CONTRIBUTION TO SUPPORT DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Popa

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the EU aid concerning to improved the economic situation from developing countries. Therefore, the aim of this research is to identify how EU states contribute to helping poor countries, members of the World Trade Organization. For the beginning, we define the EU’position before, during and after the Doha Round – a round of WTO multilateral trade negotiations. Moreover, we analyse the development dimension, focusing on countries „marginalized” until early of XXI century in terms of international trade, because this represents the idea-axis of the Doha Round. In this context, the EU – one of the leading global commercial players and a key member of the institution mentioned above – has set several objectives to achieve the basic goal of negotiations and several ways to support developing countries. To conclude, we propose to define the key points of the European aid for least developed and developing countries.

  2. Migration from New EU Member Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pytlikova, Mariola

    2007-01-01

    The main purpose of the paper is to give predictions of the migration potential from the 7 new EU member countries to the EEA/EU-13 countries. Being able to analyze 'real' migration behavior from these particular countries over the period 1990-2000 helps me to avoid problems related to (double) out......-of sample forecasts and to the assumption of invariance of migration behavior across a space that previous studies had to hold. Results of the econometric analyses reveal the importance of controlling for pairs of countries unobserved heterogeneity. Preliminary results regarding the predictions of future...... gross and net migration flows show that the magnitude of the estimated gross and net migration flows is relatively high and lower, respectively, compared to forecasts from previous studies. Such a development in gross and net migration flows indicates that migration from the new EU member countries...

  3. Training the Trainers - from an EU Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinsen, Bodil

    trainers have to be made available to them. The aim of this paper is to present the EU project, AGIS II, Making things happen: Training the trainers of legal interpreters and translators throughout the EU, coordinated by Kirsten W. RAsmussen and Bodil Martinsen, associate professors at the Department...... the implementation process of the recommendations put forward by developing concrete guidelines and materials for training and assessment of not only legal interpreters and translators but also of those working with interpreters and translators within the legal services and sharing the responsibility for the quality...... the establishment of recognised and EU-consistent training and assessment of, among others, legal interpreters and translators based on equivalent standards. This paper presents a project which forms a solid platform for future action to enhance the quality of the services rendered by legal interpreters...

  4. Chemical separation of Nd from geological samples for chronological studies using (146)Sm-(142)Nd and (147)Sm-(143)Nd systematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kagami, Saya; Yokoyama, Tetsuya

    2016-09-21

    Sm-Nd dating, which involves long-lived (147)Sm-(143)Nd and short-lived (146)Sm-(142)Nd systematics, has been widely used in the field of geosciences. To obtain precise and accurate ages of geological samples, the determination of highly precise Nd isotope ratios with nearly complete removal of Ce and Sm is indispensable to avoid mass spectral interference. In this study, we developed a three-step column chemistry procedure for separating Nd from geological samples that includes cation exchange chromatography for separating major elements from rare earth elements (REEs), oxidative extraction chromatography using Ln Resin coupled with HNO3 + KBrO3 for separating tetravalent Ce from the remaining REEs, and final purification of Nd using Ln Resin. This method enables high recovery of Nd (>91%) with effective separation of Nd from Ce and Sm (Ce/Nd systematics, respectively. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Optically active centers in Eu implanted, Eu in situ doped GaN, and Eu doped GaN quantum dots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodiou, L.; Braud, A.; Doualan, J.-L.; Moncorgé, R.; Park, J. H.; Munasinghe, C.; Steckl, A. J.; Lorenz, K.; Alves, E.; Daudin, B.

    2009-02-01

    A comparison is presented between Eu implanted and Eu in situ doped GaN thin films showing that two predominant Eu sites are optically active around 620 nm in both types of samples with below and above bandgap excitation. One of these sites, identified as a Ga substitutional site, is common to both types of Eu doped GaN samples despite the difference in the GaN film growth method and in the doping technique. High-resolution photoluminescence (PL) spectra under resonant excitation reveal that in all samples these two host-sensitized sites are in small amount compared to the majority of Eu ions which occupy isolated Ga substitutional sites and thus cannot be excited through the GaN host. The relative concentrations of the two predominant host-sensitized Eu sites are strongly affected by the annealing temperature for Eu implanted samples and by the group III element time opening in the molecular beam epitaxy growth. Red luminescence decay characteristics for the two Eu sites reveal different excitation paths. PL dynamics under above bandgap excitation indicate that Eu ions occupying a Ga substitutional site are either excited directly into the D50 level or into higher excited levels such as D51, while Eu ions sitting in the other site are only directly excited into the D50 level. These differences are discussed in terms of the spectral overlap between the emission band of a nearby bound exciton and the absorption bands of Eu ions. The study of Eu doped GaN quantum dots reveals the existence of only one type of Eu site under above bandgap excitation, with Eu PL dynamics features similar to Eu ions in Ga substitutional sites.

  6. r-Sm14 - pRSETA efficacy in experimental animals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celso Raul Romero Ramos

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies carried out with Sm14 in experimental vaccination against Schistosoma mansoni or Fasciola hepatica infections were performed with recombinant Sm14 (rSm14 produced in Escherichia coli by the pGEMEX system (Promega. The rSm14 was expressed as a 40 kDa fusion protein with the major bacteriophage T7 capsid protein. Vaccination experiments with this rSm14 in animal models resulted in consistent high protective activity against S. mansoni cercariae challenge and enabled rSm14 to be included among the vaccine antigens endorsed by the World Health Organization for phase I/II clinical trials. Since the preparation of pGEMEX based rSm14 is time consuming and results in low yield for large scale production, we have tested other E. coli expression systems which would be more suitable for scale up and downstream processing. We expressed two different 6XHis-tagged Sm14 fusion proteins in a T7 promoter based plasmids. The 6XHis-tag fusions allowed rapid purification of the recombinant proteins through a Ni+2-charged resin. The resulted recombinant 18 and 16 kDa proteins were recognized by anti-Sm14 antibodies and also by antiserum against adult S. mansoni soluble secreted/excreted proteins in Western-Blot. Both proteins were also protective against S. mansoni cercariae infection to the same extent as the rSm14 expressed by the pGEMEX system.

  7. Removal of anionic contaminants by surfactant modified powdered activated carbon (SM-PAC) combined with ultrafiltration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Hye-Jin; Kim, Hojeong; Lee, You-Jin; Yang, Ji-Won

    2009-10-30

    A variety of inorganic contaminants may form toxic oxyanions in aqueous systems which pose significant hazard to human health and the ecosystem. In order to remove the oxyanions from aqueous stream effectively, surfactant-modified powdered activated carbon (SM-PAC) combined with ultrafiltration (UF) was proposed in this study. As the cationic surfactant, cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), adsorbs on the surface of PAC, the zeta potential of PAC increases to +40 mV. Oxyanions such as chromate, ferricyanide and arsenate bind on SM-PAC by electrostatic interaction, then the contaminants bound with SM-PAC can be separated by UF membrane. 0.3 mM of chromate and ferricyanide are removed completely with 4.0 g/L of SM-PAC. In case of arsenate, the removal efficiency was lower than chromate and ferricyanide. It is considered that the competition occurs among anionic pollutants on the limited binding sites of SM-PAC and lower valence of arsenate results in the lower removal efficiency. High permeate flux is maintained during filtration. The spent SM-PAC was regenerated by the concentrated Cl(-) solutions. NaCl solution whose molar Cl(-) concentration is 1.4 times higher than the contaminants bound on SM-PAC was optimal for the regeneration. Regenerated SM-PAC exhibited similar adsorption capacity to fresh SM-PAC. SM-PAC combined with UF can effectively remove anionic contaminants. Moreover, the simple and efficient regeneration process is proposed.

  8. Estimated human absorbed dose of a new (153)Sm bone seeking agent based on biodistribution data in mice: Comparison with (153)Sm-EDTMP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yousefnia, Hassan; Zolghadri, Samaneh

    2015-11-01

    The main goal in radiotherapy is to deliver the absorbed dose within the target organs in highest possible amount, while the absorbed dose of the other organs, especially the critical organs, should be kept as low as possible. In this work, the absorbed dose to human organs for a new (153)Sm bone-seeking agent was investigated. (153)Sm-(4-{[(bis(phosphonomethyl))carbamoyl]methyl}-7,10-bis(carboxymethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododec-1-yl) acetic acid ((153)Sm-BPAMD) complex was successfully prepared. The biodistribution of the complex was investigated in male Syrian mice up to 48 h post injection. The human absorbed dose of the complex was estimated based on the biodistribution data of the mice by radiation absorbed dose assessment resource (RADAR) method. The target to non-target absorbed dose ratios for (153)Sm-BPAMD were compared with these ratios for (153)Sm-EDTMP. The highest absorbed dose for (153)Sm-BPAMD was observed in bone surface with 5.828 mGy/MBq. The dose ratios of the bone surface to the red marrow and to the total body for (153)Sm-BPAMD were 5.3 and 20.0, respectively, while these ratios for (153)Sm-EDTMP were 4.4 and 18.3, respectively. This means, for a given dose to the bone surface as the target organ, the red marrow (as the main critical organ) and the total body would receive lesser absorbed dose in the case of (153)Sm-BPAMD. Generally, the human absorbed dose estimation of (153)Sm-BPAMD indicated that all other tissues approximately received insignificant absorbed dose in comparison with bone surface and therefore can be regarded as a new potential agent for bone pain palliation therapy. Copyright © 2015 Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Arbejdsmigration fra de nye EU-lande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Louise M.; Lund Thomsen, Trine

    2011-01-01

    danske arbejdsmarked. Migrantarbejderne fra de nye EU-lande er karakteriseret ved høj grad af fleksibilitet, mobilitet og villighed til at arbejde, dårligere socioøkonomiske forhold og arbejdsmæssige vilkår i deres hjemlande samt en anden kulturel baggrund end deres danske kolleger. Denne artikel giver...... et indblik i nogle af konsekvenserne ved arbejdsmigration fra de nye EU-lande på det (u)faglærte danske arbejdsmarked belyst ud fra en analyse af henholdsvis et politisk, et fagforenings-, et brancheorganisations, et virksomhedsejer-, et arbejdsleder- og et medarbejderperspektiv....

  10. Nanomedicines in the EU-Regulatory Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pita, Ruben; Ehmann, Falk; Papaluca, Marisa

    2016-11-01

    This article provides an overview of the European Union (EU) framework for the marketing authorisation of medicinal products, at both European and National level, and aims to demonstrate the current position and experience with nanomedicines. It will be described how the EU promotes the development of new nanomedicines by publishing guidance, providing scientific advice and engaging with multiple regions for the convergence of scientific requirements to support the quality, safety and efficacy of nanomedicines. It will also be highlighted the regulatory challenges deriving from the use of an innovative technology that crosses different platforms and the importance of overcoming challenges for the benefit of public health.

  11. Personal Data Protection in EU, Where to?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tache Bocaniala

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The protection of individuals regarding the processing of personal data and free movement of such data represents a growing concern of the States, but also of the EU bodies. At the level of EU Member States, the issue of protecting the individuals regarding the processing of personal data and free movement of such data poses no particular problems. Internationally and especially between the member states of the European Union, the existing regulatory framework no longer responds to theses needs such as: online activities, digital economy, internet banking, etc., being increasingly obvious the tendency of fragmentation of the movement of personal data.

  12. The EU Border Assistance Mission in Libya

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højstrup Christensen, Gitte

    2017-01-01

    The EU Border Assistance Mission in Libya (EUBAM), with the objective of supporting Libyan authorities in improving and developing the security of the country’s borders, was launched in May 2013 but suspended during the summer of 2014, because the security situation in Libya deteriorated. Therefore......’s assessment of the EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) mission, EUBAM Libya, and its contribution to the country’s overall security situation12. It takes departure in the complete deliverables of the Work Package 3, with The Libyan Review as the main source of reference. The aim of this chapter...

  13. The Impact of the Explosion of EU News on Voter Choice in the 2014 EU Elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Kleinnijenhuis

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The European elections in 2014 were the first to be held after a long period in which EU-related news was prominent in the media. They were held after years of daily news about the euro crisis and after months of news about the popular uprising in the Ukraine against president Yanukovych, who had refused to sign the association agreement with the EU. This could have invited political parties to overcome the usual problem of low salience of EU issues by strongly profiling themselves on EU issues. Turnout at the 2014 EU elections, however, remained low, hinting that parties were unable to convert the attention for European issues into enthusiasm for their party at the European elections. This paper asks how vote choice was influenced by party campaigning on EU related issues. A news effects analysis based on a content analysis of Dutch newspapers and television, and on a panel survey among Dutch voters revealed that EU issues functioned as wedge issues: the more strongly parties were associated in the news with the euro crisis and the Ukraine, the less they succeeded in mobilizing voters.

  14. Present developmental conditions petroleum substituting energies in the EU; Sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu no genjo (EU)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This report outlines the policy of development and introduction of petroleum substituting energies, and its diffusion situation in the EU. On the policy, development, introduction and diffusion of petroleum substituting energies in the EU, based on the new EU energy white paper issued in fiscal 1996, the policy of energy and environment in every EU country is first outlined. The policy of and practical approach to petroleum substituting energies in every EU country are next described. In particular, since ALTENER which has been continuously promoted by the EU for 3 years as main control measures against CO2 is newly moving toward the second plan, the trend of ALTENER and the new SAVE2 plan are presented. The content of JOULE-THERMIE is also precisely presented which is the new energy program of the 4th framework R & D program. In relation to the developmental trend of alternative energies to oil in the EU until 2020, its prediction result is presented on the basis of the latest study promoted by EC committee in the ALTENER plan. 10 tabs.

  15. EU and member states diplomacies in Moldova and Ukraine: Examining EU diplomatic performance post-Lisbon

    OpenAIRE

    Baltag, Dorina and Michael Smith

    2015-01-01

    The Lisbon Treaty proclaims the need for a stronger, more efficient, more coherent European Union (EU) in the international arena. In the area of external relations, the post-Lisbon EU embraces the unification of the diplomatic efforts of the European Commission, the Council Secretariat and that of the EU member states with the aim of achieving greater coherence. This vision is one of cooperation not only in Brussels but also in third countries. While the Brussels-based part of the European E...

  16. IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series. 100. Rare Earth Metal Fluorides in Water and Aqueous Systems. Part 2. Light Lanthanides (Ce-Eu)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mioduski, Tomasz; Gumiński, Cezary; Zeng, Dewen

    2015-03-01

    This is the second part of the volume devoted to the evaluation of experimental solubility data for rare earth metal (REM) fluorides in water as well as in aqueous ternary and multicomponent systems. Fluorides of Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, and Eu (so-called light lanthanides), as the main solutes, are covered in the present part, which has thorough coverage of the experimental literature through the end of 2012. The experimentally unknown solubility value for PmF3 in water was predicted by an interpolation of the solubility values for NdF3 and SmF3 at 298 K. General features of the systems, such as the nature of the equilibrium solid phases, solubility as a function of temperature, influence of ionic strength, pH, mixed solvent medium on the solubility, quality of the solubility results, and solubility as a function of REM atomic number, have already been presented in Part 1 of the volume.

  17. Area SM12/SD12 - Reintegrated into the Meyrin Site

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2005-01-01

    Area SM12/SD12 near the Saint-Genis-Pouilly roundabout will be reintegrated into the Meyrin Site on Friday, 8 July at 2.00 p.m. From this date the area concerned will be accessible exclusively via the Route Siegbahn. The gate onto the main road RD 984 will be used exclusively for the exceptional loads of the LHC dipole cryomagnets under conditions laid down by the relevant authorities. Relations with the Host States Service and TS-IC Group

  18. SM4MQ: A Semantic Model for Multidimensional Queries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Varga, Jovan; Dobrokhotova, Ekaterina; Romero, Oscar

    2017-01-01

    On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) is a data analysis approach to support decision-making. On top of that, Exploratory OLAP is a novel initiative for the convergence of OLAP and the Semantic Web (SW) that enables the use of OLAP techniques on SW data. Moreover, OLAP approaches exploit different......, sharing, and reuse on the SW. As OLAP is based on the underlying multidimensional (MD) data model we denote such queries as MD queries and define SM4MQ: A Semantic Model for Multidimensional Queries. Furthermore, we propose a method to automate the exploitation of queries by means of SPARQL. We apply...

  19. Permanent draft genome of Rhodopirellula sallentina SM41.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegner, Carl-Eric; Richter, Michael; Richter-Heitmann, Tim; Klindworth, Anna; Frank, Carsten S; Glöckner, Frank Oliver; Harder, Jens

    2014-02-01

    The genome of Rhodopirellula sallentina SM41 was sequenced as a permanent draft to supplement the full genome sequence of the type strain Rhodopirellula baltica SH1(T). This isolate is part of a larger study to gain insights into the biogeography of Rhodopirellula species in European marine waters, as well as to amend the genus description of R. baltica. This genomics resource article is the third of a series of five publications reporting in total eight new permanent daft genomes of Rhodopirellula species. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Permanent draft genomes of the Rhodopirellula maiorica strain SM1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richter, Michael; Richter-Heitmann, Tim; Klindworth, Anna; Wegner, Carl-Eric; Frank, Carsten S; Harder, Jens; Glöckner, Frank Oliver

    2014-02-01

    The genome of Rhodopirellula maiorica strain SM1 was sequenced as a permanent draft to complement the full genome sequence of the type strain Rhodopirellula baltica SH1(T). This isolate is part of a larger study to infer the biogeography of Rhodopirellula species in European marine waters, as well as to amend the genus description of R. baltica. This genomics resource article is the fifth of a series of five publications reporting in total eight new permanent daft genomes of Rhodopirellula species. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Experiment for search for sterile neutrino at SM-3 reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serebrov, A. P.; Ivochkin, V. G.; Samoylov, R. M.; Fomin, A. K.; Zinoviev, V. G.; Neustroev, P. V.; Golovtsov, V. L.; Gruzinsky, N. V.; Solovey, V. A.; Cherniy, A. V.; Zherebtsov, O. M.; Martemyanov, V. P.; Zinoev, V. G.; Tarasenkov, V. G.; Aleshin, V. I.; Petelin, A. L.; Pavlov, S. V.; Izhutov, A. L.; Sazontov, S. A.; Ryazanov, D. K.; Gromov, M. O.; Afanasiev, V. V.; Matrosov, L. N.; Matrosova, M. Yu.

    2016-11-01

    In connection with the question of possible existence of sterile neutrino the laboratory on the basis of SM-3 reactor was created to search for oscillations of reactor antineutrino. A prototype of a neutrino detector with scintillator volume of 400 l can be moved at the distance of 6-11 m from the reactor core. The measurements of background conditions have been made. It is shown that the main experimental problem is associated with cosmic radiation background. Test measurements of dependence of a reactor antineutrino flux on the distance from a reactor core have been made. The prospects of search for oscillations of reactor antineutrino at short distances are discussed.

  2. SM4MQ: A Semantic Model for Multidimensional Queries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Varga, Jovan; Dobrokhotova, Ekaterina; Romero, Oscar

    2017-01-01

    On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) is a data analysis approach to support decision-making. On top of that, Exploratory OLAP is a novel initiative for the convergence of OLAP and the Semantic Web (SW) that enables the use of OLAP techniques on SW data. Moreover, OLAP approaches exploit different...... the method to a use case of transforming queries from SM4MQ to a vector representation. For the use case, we developed the prototype and performed an evaluation that shows how our approach can significantly ease and support user assistance such as query recommendation....

  3. SM4AM: A Semantic Metamodel for Analytical Metadata

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Varga, Jovan; Romero, Oscar; Pedersen, Torben Bach

    2014-01-01

    analysis tasks. System and user related metadata are the base for enabling user assistance features. However, current approaches typically store these metadata in ad-hoc manners. In this paper, we propose a generic and extensible approach for the definition and modeling of the relevant metadata artifacts....... We present SM4AM, a Semantic Metamodel for Analytical Metadata created as an RDF formalization of the Analytical Metadata artifacts needed for user assistance exploitation purposes in next generation BI systems. We consider the Linked Data initiative and its relevance for user assistance...

  4. Controlled synthesis of Eu2+ and Eu3+ doped ZnS quantum dots and their photovoltaic and magnetic properties

    OpenAIRE

    Sabit Horoz; Baichhabi Yakami; Uma Poudyal; Jon M. Pikal; Wenyong Wang; Jinke Tang

    2016-01-01

    Eu-doped ZnS quantum dots (QDs) have been synthesized by wet-chemical method and found to form in zinc blende (cubic) structure. Both Eu2+ and Eu3+ doped ZnS can be controllably synthesized. The Eu2+ doped ZnS QDs show broad photoluminescence emission peak around 512 nm, which is from the Eu2+ intra-ion transition of 4f6d1 – 4f7, while the Eu3+ doped samples exhibit narrow emission lines characteristic of transitions between the 4f levels. The investigation of the magnetic properties shows th...

  5. EuO and Gd-doped EuO thin films. Epitaxial growth and properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sutarto, Ronny

    2009-07-06

    Europium oxide (EuO) based materials exhibit a wealth of spectacular phenomena, including half-metallic ferromagnetism, metal-insulator transition, colossal magneto-resistance, large magneto-optical Kerr effect, tunable ferromagnetic ordering temperatures, and large and long-lived photo-induced conductivity. These extraordinary properties make EuO an ideal candidate for implementation in device applications, in particular, for spintronics. Most of the work in the past has been carried out on bulk EuO, but for device applications it is preferred to have the EuO in thin lm form. A urry of studies have therefore emerged in the last decade in order to explore a wide variety of preparation routes and to investigate the properties of the resulting EuO thin films. A recent highlight is the demonstration that doped EuO films can be fabricated on Si and GaN, thereby exhibiting the expected spin-polarized transport effects. Nevertheless, it is still far from a trivial task to prepare EuO thin films with well de ned properties. For bulk EuO, it is already known that stoichiometry is the key issue, and that the presence of small amounts of defects or impurities quickly lead to very large deviations of the material properties. In fact, to make bulk EuO to be stoichiometric one needs temperatures as high as 1800 C. It is obvious that such high temperatures are not compatible with device engineering processes. The preparation of thin films must therefore involve much lower temperatures, preferably not higher than 400-500 C. The consequences are very dear. It turned out that many of the recent studies on EuO thin films are suffering from sample quality problems, due to the presence of, e.g., trivalent Eu species (Eu{sub 3}O{sub 4}, Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3}), oxygen vacancies, or even Eu metal clusters. Controlled doping of the EuO with trivalent rare-earth ions is also not trivial, since most often even the actual doping concentrations were not known. In fact, one could also question in

  6. Microscopically derived potential-energy surfaces for the chain of Sm-isotopes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Geel, H. (Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, J.W. v. Goethe-Universitaet, Robert-Mayer-Str. 8-10, D-60054 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)); Hess, P.O. (Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen (Germany)); Troltenier, D. (Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, J.W. v. Goethe-Universitaet, Robert-Mayer-Str. 8-10, D-60054 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)); Maruhn, J.A. (Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research, Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)); Greiner, W. (Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research, Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States) Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States))

    1994-09-26

    An extended method is presented to microscopically derive potential energy surfaces (PES) for quadrupole-deformed nuclei. The underlying microscopic theory is a symplectic model. Coherent states play a dominant role in the derivation and the Nilsson orbitals are used to extract level occupations. Taking into account the rearrangement in the occupation due to variations in the deformation and the resulting relative change in the zero-point energy, we obtain PESs for [sup 148]Sm, [sup 150]Sm and [sup 152]Sm without resorting to a fit to experimental data. The mass parameter is fitted to the first 6[sup +] state, applying a calculation within the phenomenological geometric model. We achieve good qualitative agreement with the experiments. As special features we obtain an anharmonic oscillator for [sup 148]Sm, a PES with two minima for [sup 150]Sm and a rotational PES for [sup 152]Sm. ((orig.))

  7. Negotiations in the EU Council of Ministers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smeets, Sandrino

    Insiders and outsiders agree; there is something particular about negotiating in Brussels. This book analyses ten years of continuous negotiations about EU enlargement to the Western Balkans, answering questions such as When and how are decisions typically reached in the European Union? What is t...

  8. The principle of transparency in EU law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buijze, A.W.G.J.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/315029188

    2013-01-01

    ‘The principle of transparency in EU law’ explores a variety of transparency obligations in European law, and offers a comprehensive framework to classify and understand those obligations. The principle of transparency is ubiquitous and multifaceted. The obligations derived from it range from a duty

  9. The EU and Constitutionalism in Egypt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seeberg, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Hosni Mubarak by briefly going back to early contacts between the EEC and President Gamal Abdel Nasser and how more elaborate agreements developed up to recent times. Taking this historical point of departure the article characterizes the role of the EU in connection with the development since the start...

  10. Creating Coherence in EU Internet Regulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Savin, Andrej

    2014-01-01

    The internet presents regulators with an amorphous web of technical and legal issues with no simple solution. Andrej Savin, Associate Professor at Copenhagen Business School, says that the EU needs to develop a fluidity of process in order to tackle the big issues and cultivate the right legal...... tools to regulate effectively....

  11. The EU fusion programme and roadmap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pero, H., E-mail: Herve.Pero@ec.europa.eu [European Commission, DG-RTD, CDMA 05/146, B-1049 Brussels (Belgium); Paidassi, S. [European Commission, DG-RTD, CDMA 05/146, B-1049 Brussels (Belgium)

    2013-02-15

    Highlights: ► The EU fusion programme has to evolve from today's research to a strong goal-oriented programme driven by an ambitious roadmap. ► The programme shall focus on ITER and reactor-relevant technologies development. ► A new structure based on joint programming will be developed to implement the programme during Horizon 2020. -- Abstract: To meet ITER and fusion energy challenges, a gradual transition of the EU fusion programme priorities from today's fusion research to a strongly goal-oriented programme with clear milestones is required. This transition and the programme priorities should be driven by an ambitious, yet realistic roadmap to be agreed by EU fusion stakeholders. The programme must primarily focus on: ensuring the success of ITER; and research and development of reactor-relevant technologies. Industry must be involved early in the implementation and international collaboration should be conducted as part of a strategic approach. Joint programming should be a cornerstone of the EU fusion programme in Horizon 2020. Options for the new structure and current actions required to implement the roadmap during Horizon 2020 will be presented.

  12. EU and Tourism Development: Bark or Bite?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halkier, Henrik

    2010-01-01

    In the absence of major programmes to strengthen the quality and competitiveness of European destinations, the role of the EU in tourism development has often been seen as fairly limited. Despite this, spill-overs or side effects from adjoining policy areas with extensive European regulation or i...

  13. Competitiveness of the EU egg industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Horne, van P.L.M.

    2012-01-01

    Egg producers in the EU have to comply with legislation dealing with environmental protection, animal welfare and food safety. From 1 January 2012 keeping hens in conventional cages was prohibited and egg producers had to change to either enriched cages or alternative housing systems. The result of

  14. Risk-sharing agreements in the EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Traulsen, Janine Marie; Traulsen, Janine Marie; Holm-Larsen, Tove

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Objective Our objectives were to explore the changes in the level of interest in risk-sharing agreements (RSAs) in the EU during the last 15 years and the underlying reasons for these changes. Methods A systematic literature review was conducted using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science...

  15. EU Economic Freedoms and Social Dumping

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cremers, Jan; Bernaciak, Magdalena

    2015-01-01

    In the book, 'Market Expansion and Social Dumping in Europe', edited by Magdalena Bernaciak and published by Routledge, Jan Cremers (AIAS and Tilburg University) contributes with a chapter called ‘EU economic freedoms and social dumping’. He demonstrates how the emphasis on the primacy of economic

  16. EU economic freedoms and social dumping

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cremers, J.; Bernaciak, M.

    2015-01-01

    In the book, Market Expansion and Social Dumping in Europe, edited by Magdalena Bernaciak and published by Routledge, Jan Cremers (AIAS) contributes with a chapter called ‘EU economic freedoms and social dumping’. He demonstrates how the emphasis on the primacy of economic freedoms has negatively

  17. EU Presidencies between Politics and Administration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nedergaard, Peter; Jensen, Mads Dagnis

    This book offers the first comprehensive analysis since the Lisbon Treaty came into force of the EU Presidency on national administrations in the member states of Poland, Denmark and Cyprus before, during and after the so- called ‘Trio Presidency’. Placing the practical issues facing officials...

  18. The institutional functioning of the EU

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Mei, A.P.; Vos, E.I.L.

    2011-01-01

    This book contains selected papers that were first presented at a Student Conference on 9 December 2010. This conference was convened in the context of the course "EU Law Foundations - The Institutional Functioning of the European Union", which is part of the Bachelor Programme European Law School

  19. Realitets- og Misbrugsbetragtninger i EU-skatteretten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Dennis Ramsdahl

    2011-01-01

    I bidraget præsenteres først en analyse af mulighederne for tilsidesættelse af skattearrangementer baseret på realitetsbetragtninger. I naturlig forlængelse heraf undersøges mulighederne for tilsidesættelse baseret på det EU-retlige misbrugsprincip. Herefter redegøres der for konsekvenserne af ti...

  20. Negotiations in the EU Council of Ministers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smeets, Sandrino

    Insiders and outsiders agree; there is something particular about negotiating in Brussels. This book analyses ten years of continuous negotiations about EU enlargement to the Western Balkans, answering questions such as When and how are decisions typically reached in the European Union? What...

  1. Mapping smart cities in the EU

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Manville, C.; Cochrane, G.; Cave, J.; Millard, J.; Pederson, J.K.; Thaarup, R.K.; Liebe, A.; Wissner, M.; Massink, R.A.; Kotterink, B.

    2014-01-01

    This report was commissioned to provide background information and advice on Smart Cities in the European Union (EU) and to explain how existing mechanisms perform. In exploring this, a working definition of a Smart City is established and the cities fitting this definition across the Member States

  2. Greenhouse gas emissions trading in the EU

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peeters, Marjan; Farber, Daniel A.; Peeters, Marjan

    2016-01-01

    The major regulatory experiment with greenhouse gas emissions trading in the EU enables legal scholars to learn lessons regarding its design options and implementation problems. Some fundamental concerns are: (1) the issue of how to develop a fair allocation method, also in view of carbon leakage;

  3. Contract theory and EU Contract Law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.; Twigg-Flesner, C.

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between contract theory and European contract law. In particular, it confronts the leading contract law theories with the main characteristics of EU contract law. The conclusion is that the two do not match well. In particular, monist normative contract theories

  4. The Danish Folketing and EU Affairs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buskjær Christensen, Mette

    2015-01-01

    : (1) from the third phase of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), that is, the euro; (2) from supranational cooperation on Justice and Home Affairs (JHA); (3) from defence cooperation within the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP); and (4) from EU citizenship, which no longer has any practical...

  5. EU Territorial Impact Assessment : Under What Conditions?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zonneveld, W.; Waterhout, B.

    2009-01-01

    Since the start of the making of the ESDP, back in 1989, there has been interest in a ‘Territorial impact assessment’. This interest has been revamped now that the Territorial Cohesion green paper is out. Yet, at the EU level there is still little guidance on how a TIA might be done and on what it

  6. CDCC calculations of fusion of 6Li with targets 144Sm and 154Sm: effect of resonance states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez Camacho, A.; Lubian, J.; Zhang, H. Q.; Zhou, Shan-Gui

    2017-12-01

    Continuum Discretized Coupled-Channel (CDCC) model calculations of total, complete and incomplete fusion cross sections for reactions of the weakly bound 6Li with 144,154Sm targets at energies around the Coulomb barrier are presented. In the cluster structure frame of 6Li→α+d, short-range absorption potentials are considered for the interactions between the ground state of the projectile 6Li and α-d fragments with the target. In order to separately calculate complete and incomplete fusion and to reduce double-counting, the corresponding absorption potentials are chosen to be of different range. Couplings to low-lying excited states 2+, 3‑ of 144Sm and 2+, 4+ of 154Sm are included. So, the effect on total fusion from the excited states of the target is investigated. Similarly, the effect on fusion due to couplings to resonance breakup states of 6Li, namely, l=2, J π =3+,2+,1+ is also calculated. The latter effect is determined by using two approaches, (a) by considering only resonance state couplings and (b) by omitting these states from the full discretized energy space. Among other things, it is found that both resonance and non-resonance continuum breakup couplings produce fusion suppression at all the energies considered. A. Gómez Camacho from CONACYT, México, J. Lubian from CNPq, FAPERJ, Pronex, Brazil. S.G.Z was partly supported by the NSF of China (11120101005, 11275248, 11525524, 11621131001, 11647601, 11711540016), 973 Program of China (2013CB834400) and the Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences of CAS. H.Q.Z. from NSF China (11375266)

  7. Reduction emissions from transport sector - EU action against climate change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    This paper explores and discusses the initiation and development of the EU's policies and strategies against climate change and the share experiences in the EU transport sector to reduce CO2 emission.

  8. Enhanced protective efficacy of a chimeric form of the schistosomiasis vaccine antigen Sm-TSP-2.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark S Pearson

    Full Text Available The large extracellular loop of the Schistosoma mansoni tetraspanin, Sm-TSP-2, when fused to a thioredoxin partner and formulated with Freund's adjuvants, has been shown to be an efficacious vaccine against murine schistosomiasis. Moreover, Sm-TSP-2 is uniquely recognised by IgG(1 and IgG(3 from putatively resistant individuals resident in S. mansoni endemic areas in Brazil. In the present study, we expressed Sm-TSP-2 at high yield and in soluble form in E. coli without the need for a solubility enhancing fusion partner. We also expressed in E. coli a chimera called Sm-TSP-2/5B, which consisted of Sm-TSP-2 fused to the immunogenic 5B region of the hookworm aspartic protease and vaccine antigen, Na-APR-1. Sm-TSP-2 formulated with alum/CpG showed significant reductions in adult worm and liver egg burdens in two separate murine schistosomiasis challenge studies. Sm-TSP-2/5B afforded significantly greater protection than Sm-TSP-2 alone when both antigens were formulated with alum/CpG. The enhanced protection obtained with the chimeric fusion protein was associated with increased production of anti-Sm-TSP-2 antibodies and IL-4, IL-10 and IFN-γ from spleen cells of vaccinated animals. Sera from 666 individuals from Brazil who were infected with S. mansoni were screened for potentially deleterious IgE responses to Sm-TSP-2. Anti-Sm-TSP-2 IgE to this protein was not detected (also shown previously for Na-APR-1, suggesting that the chimeric antigen Sm-TSP-2/5B could be used to safely and effectively vaccinate people in areas where schistosomes and hookworms are endemic.

  9. Synthesis and DNA interaction of a Sm(III) complex of a Schiff base ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The interaction between the Sm(III) complex of an ionic Schiff base [HL]-, derived from vanillin and L-tryptophan, and herring sperm DNA at physiological pH (7.40) has been studied by UV-Vis absorption, fluorescence and viscosity methods. The binding ratios nSm(III) : nK[HL] = 1:1 and nSm(III)L: nDNA =5:1 were confirmed ...

  10. Enhanced protective efficacy of a chimeric form of the schistosomiasis vaccine antigen Sm-TSP-2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Mark S; Pickering, Darren A; McSorley, Henry J; Bethony, Jeffrey M; Tribolet, Leon; Dougall, Annette M; Hotez, Peter J; Loukas, Alex

    2012-01-01

    The large extracellular loop of the Schistosoma mansoni tetraspanin, Sm-TSP-2, when fused to a thioredoxin partner and formulated with Freund's adjuvants, has been shown to be an efficacious vaccine against murine schistosomiasis. Moreover, Sm-TSP-2 is uniquely recognised by IgG(1) and IgG(3) from putatively resistant individuals resident in S. mansoni endemic areas in Brazil. In the present study, we expressed Sm-TSP-2 at high yield and in soluble form in E. coli without the need for a solubility enhancing fusion partner. We also expressed in E. coli a chimera called Sm-TSP-2/5B, which consisted of Sm-TSP-2 fused to the immunogenic 5B region of the hookworm aspartic protease and vaccine antigen, Na-APR-1. Sm-TSP-2 formulated with alum/CpG showed significant reductions in adult worm and liver egg burdens in two separate murine schistosomiasis challenge studies. Sm-TSP-2/5B afforded significantly greater protection than Sm-TSP-2 alone when both antigens were formulated with alum/CpG. The enhanced protection obtained with the chimeric fusion protein was associated with increased production of anti-Sm-TSP-2 antibodies and IL-4, IL-10 and IFN-γ from spleen cells of vaccinated animals. Sera from 666 individuals from Brazil who were infected with S. mansoni were screened for potentially deleterious IgE responses to Sm-TSP-2. Anti-Sm-TSP-2 IgE to this protein was not detected (also shown previously for Na-APR-1), suggesting that the chimeric antigen Sm-TSP-2/5B could be used to safely and effectively vaccinate people in areas where schistosomes and hookworms are endemic.

  11. Cross sections of deuteron induced reactions on (nat)Sm for production of the therapeutic radionuclide ¹⁴⁵Sm and ¹⁵³Sm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tárkányi, F; Hermanne, A; Takács, S; Ditrói, F; Csikai, J; Ignatyuk, A V

    2014-09-01

    At present, targeted radiotherapy (TR) is acknowledged to have great potential in oncology. A large list of interesting radionuclides is identified, including several radioisotopes of lanthanides, amongst them (145)Sm and (153)Sm. In this work the possibility of their production at a cyclotron was investigated using a deuteron beam and a samarium target. The excitation functions of the (nat)Sm(d,x)(145,153)Sm reactions were determined for deuteron energies up to 50 MeV using the stacked-foil technique and high-resolution γ-ray spectrometry. The measured cross sections and the contributing reactions were analyzed by comparison with results of the ALICE, EMPIRE and TALYS nuclear reaction codes. A short overview and comparison of possible production routes is given. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Preparation of EuSe nanoparticles from Eu(III) complex containing selenides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adachi, Taka-aki; Tanaka, Atsushi [Graduate School of Materials Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916-5 Takayama, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192 (Japan); Hasegawa, Yasuchika [Graduate School of Materials Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916-5 Takayama, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192 (Japan)], E-mail: hasegawa@ms.naist.jp; Kawai, Tsuyoshi [Graduate School of Materials Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916-5 Takayama, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192 (Japan)

    2008-03-03

    The EuSe nanoparticles were prepared by the thermal reduction of Europium nitrate with new organic selenium compound, tetraphenylphosphonium diphenylphosphinediselenide (PPh{sub 4})(Se{sub 2}P(C{sub 6}H{sub 5}){sub 2}), for the first time. EuSe nanoparticles were identified by the X-ray diffraction (XRD), the transmission electron microscope (TEM) and the energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) measurements. The average size of the EuSe nanoparticles was found to be 19 nm. The energy gap in EuSe nanoparticles of 19 nm was estimated by edge of absorption band, giving the energy gap of 1.86 eV.

  13. SM-ROM-GL (Strong Motion Romania Ground Level Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan Sorin BORCIA

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The SM-ROM-GL database includes data obtained by the processing of records performed at ground level by the Romanian seismic networks, namely INCERC, NIEP, NCSRR and ISPH-GEOTEC, during recent seismic events with moment magnitude Mw ≥ 5 and epicenters located in Romania. All the available seismic records were re-processed using the same basic software and the same procedures and options (filtering and baseline correction, in order to obtain a consistent dataset. The database stores computed parameters of seismic motions, i.e. peak values: PGA, PGV, PGD, effective peak values: EPA, EPV, EPD, control periods, spectral values of absolute acceleration, relative velocity and relative displacement, as well as of instrumental intensity (as defined bz Sandi and Borcia in 2011. The fields in the database include: coding of seismic events, stations and records, a number of associated fields (seismic event source parameters, geographical coordinates of seismic stations, links to the corresponding ground motion records, charts of the response spectra of absolute acceleration, relative velocity, relative displacement and instrumental intensity, as well as some other representative parameters of seismic motions. The conception of the SM-ROM-GL database allows for an easy maintenance; such that elementary knowledge of Microsoft Access 2000 is sufficient for its operation.

  14. Magnetotransport in nanocrystalline SmB6 thin films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Yong

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available SmB6 has been predicted to be a prototype of topological Kondo insulator (TKI but its direct experimental evidence as a TKI is still lacking to date. Here we report on our search for the signature of a topological surface state and investigation of the effect of disorder on transport properties in nanocrystalline SmB6 thin films through longitudinal magnetoresistance and Hall coefficient measurements. The magnetoresistance (MR at 2 K is positive and linear (LPMR at low field and become negative and quadratic at higher field. While the negative part is understood from the reduction of the hybridization gap due to Zeeman splitting, the positive dependence is similar to what is observed in other topological insulators (TI. We conclude that the LPMR is a characteristic of TI and is related to the linear dispersion near the Dirac cone. The Hall resistance shows a sign change around 50K. It peaks and becomes nonlinear around 10 K then decreases below 10 K. This indicates that carriers with opposite signs emerge below 50 K. These properties indicate that the surface states are robust and probably topological in our nanocrystalline films.

  15. Doorkeepers and Gatecrashers: EU Enlargement and Negotiation Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brücker, Herbert; Schröder, Philipp; Weise, Christian

    2004-01-01

    This paper discusses the eastward enlargement process of the EU in the framework of a simple war of attrition bargaining game. Both players -- the existing EU members and the applicants -- benefit from enlargement, yet for the applicants, reform to the acquis is costly, while the EU prefers subst...... the benefits for new members are all effective negotiation strategies for the EU that have been applied in the process....

  16. EU emissions trading: Distinctive behavior of small companies

    OpenAIRE

    Naegele, Helene; ZAKLAN, Aleksandar

    2016-01-01

    The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is the cornerstone of the European Union's climate policy and covers just under half of the EU's greenhouse gas emissions. More than ten years since the EU ETS was first introduced, there continues to be substantial research interest regarding its functioning and the behavior of participating companies. DIW Berlin conducted three econometric studies based on microdata at company and/or installation level. The findings suggest that, overall, there are o...

  17. EU-LISA, the new model of operational management of the various EU databases

    OpenAIRE

    Mariona Illamola Dausà

    2015-01-01

    In 2011, a new agency, EU-LISA, was created in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) to manage largescale IT systems. From then onwards, the agency has been responsible for the communication infrastructure of SIS II, VIS and Eurodac, without merging those databases. Due to its short time in operation, it is difficult to assess the effectiveness of EU-LISA, but this paper aims to give an overview of the agency to facilitate knowledge about it.

  18. EU-LISA, the new model of operational management of the various EU databases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariona Illamola Dausà

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2011, a new agency, EU-LISA, was created in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ to manage largescale IT systems. From then onwards, the agency has been responsible for the communication infrastructure of SIS II, VIS and Eurodac, without merging those databases. Due to its short time in operation, it is difficult to assess the effectiveness of EU-LISA, but this paper aims to give an overview of the agency to facilitate knowledge about it.

  19. Calibration of Sm-Nd mixed spike by teflon powder method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang-Sik Cheong

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Isotopic composition of Sm-Nd mixed spike was calibrated by teflon powder method. Sm and Nd isotopic compositions of the spike were externally calibrated with reference to the nNdβ standard and normal Sm. Sm and Nd concentrations in the mixed spike were determined by isotope dilution protocol. Sm and Nd were separated by teflon powder method from the mixture of the spike with an interlaboratory standard (CIT Sm-Nd standard. We confirmed that precise Sm/Nd ratio (< 0.1 % error and undisturbed Nd isotopic composition can be measured at the same time on condition that the sample to spike ratio is optimized. Garnet from the shear zone between the Gyeonggi massif and the Imjingang belt (Gyeonggi shear zone was dated as a practical test of our experimental procedure. The Sm-Nd data of garnet, K-feldspar and whole rock samples from the shear zone define an Early Proterozoic age of 1730±71 Ma, indicating that Sm-Nd system of the garnet was not disturbed during Triassic deformation.

  20. β-decay spectroscopy of neutron-rich 160,161,162Sm isotopes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patel Z.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Neutron-rich 160,161,162Sm isotopes have been populated at the RIBF, RIKEN via β first time. β-coincident γ rays were observed in all three isotopes including γ rays from the isomeric decay of 160Sm and 162Sm. The isomers in 160Sm and 162Sm have previously been observed but have been populated via β decay for the first time. The isomeric state in 162Sm is assigned a 4−v72+[ 633 ]⊗v12−[ 521 ]${4^ - }v{{7 \\over 2}^ + }\\left[ {633} \\right] \\otimes v{{1 \\over 2}^ - }\\left[ {521} \\right]$ configuration based on the decay pattern. The level schemes of 160Sm and 162Sm are presented. The ground states in the parent nuclei 160Pm and 162Pm are both assigned a 6−v72+[633]⊗π52−[532]${6^ - }v{{7 \\over 2}^ + }\\left[ {633} \\right] \\otimes \\pi {{5 \\over 2}^ - }\\left[ {532} \\right]$ configuration based on the population of states in the daughter nuclei. Blocked BCS calculations were performed to further investigate the spin-parities of the ground states in 160Pm, 161Pm, and 162Pm, and the isomeric state in 162Sm

  1. Gastrothylax crumenifer: Ultrastructure and histopathology study of in vitro trematodicidal action of Marattia fraxinea (Sm.)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rajesh, Kalpana Devi; Subramani, Vasantha; Annamalai, Panneerselvam; Nakulan V, Rajesh; Narayanaperumal, Jeyathilakan; Ponraj, Perumal; Durai, Rajasekar

    2017-01-01

    Trematodicidal action of Marattia fraxinea (Sm.) rhizome, extracts against adult Gastrothylax crumenifer and its morphological changes under light and scanning electron microscope was studied in this work...

  2. Trade in Value Added (TiVA in EU New Member States (EU NMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ines Kersan-Škabić

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary trade analysis indicates the necessity of calculating trade in value added (TiVA which is created through global value chains (GVCs. This paper aims to determine the characteristics and importance of GVC trade in the EU new member states (EU NMS with special emphasis placed on the industry level. The results demonstrate different levels of GVC participation of the EU NMS, where Hungary is the most integrated country and Croatia the least integrated. Regional GVCs exist because a huge part of value added (VA comes from EU member states, as in gross export as well as in final demand (Europe as a hub. The most important source countries are Germany and Italy and there is also evidence of geographical and historical relations between the countries. The domination of backward participation has been found in the analysis made on the industrial level, i.e. the EU NMS are highly dependent on the import of intermediates for the production and export of final products. Strong interconnections between imports of intermediate products and exports of final products have been found in the manufacture of computers, electronics and optical products; manufacture of wood, paper, printing and reproduction. This research has contributed to the scarce literature concerning GVC (TiVA in EU NMS and has opened up new possibilities for further research and analysis.

  3. The EU Dimension to Soil Science in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Sue

    2012-01-01

    The EU as a context for science lessons may be given scant attention but EU decision-making is a vital factor in everyday life. Lessons on the emergence of soil science with Charles Darwin's simple scientific experiments can be linked with competence through action, inclusion and argumentations in science lessons. Decisions about an EU Soil…

  4. Sustainable development in the EU : Redefining and operationalizing the concept

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Hees, Sander R W

    Although sustainable development plays an important role in EU law, neither EU law nor EU policy clearly explains what the concept means and how it must be put into practice. Policy-makers, NGOs, politicians and businesses do, however, need guidance on sustainable development for the purpose of good

  5. EU-UN partnership in military conflict management: Whither the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    UN) and the European Union (EU) in African conflict management. Constructing the EU as a security actor, including its validation through the UN, is not a process solely based on the normative claims inherent in the EU as a sui generis actor, ...

  6. EU law and global regulatory regimes: hollowing out procedural standards?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mendes, J.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the effects that the reception of decisions of international organizations and bodies in EU law may have in procedural standards followed in EU law and practice, in particular participation. Illustrative examples shed light on the practical interactions between EU and global

  7. EU-UN partnership in military conflict management: Whither the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nations (UN) and the European Union (EU) in African conflict management. Constructing the EU as a security ... EU-UN relationship poses inherent risks to the African Union (AU) slogan of. 'African problems, African ..... factors, the new geopolitical climate in Africa with international actors such as. China and the US as well ...

  8. EU Climate Policy Tracker 2011. Main report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoehne, N.; Geurts, F.; Teckenburg, E.; Blok, K.; Becker, D. [Ecofys, Utrecht (Netherlands)

    2011-11-15

    Limiting the rise in the average global temperature to 2C has been the EU goal since 1996, and in December 2010 the UN recognised the need to consider a 1.5C limit. Avoiding overshooting these levels will require massive emissions reductions - in the order of 80-95% for industrialised countries, like those in the EU. The next ten years are crucial in establishing whether society will be able to make this transition, or whether temperature increase limits will be irreversibly missed. Last year, the European Union Climate Policy Tracker (EU CPT) investigated each member state's implementation of policy and legislation, and rated their progress towards a 2050 vision of deep decarbonisation using renewable energy. The uniquely developed rating scheme, modelled on appliance efficiency labels (A-G), gave an indication of how member states were doing compared to a 'low-carbon policy package'. The average score was an 'E', indicating that the level of effort needed to treble, to be on a pace to reach the 2050 vision. However, aggregating best practices across sectors and countries doubled the score - meaning that the tools are already at hand for major improvements across Europe. This report builds on last year's EU CPT by giving an update on action in member states, and an indicative trend in the rating, as well as adding a new section on EU policy. The addition of an EU section is appropriate, with the Commission having produced a roadmap on a low-carbon economy by 2050, a transport white paper, and with another roadmap for 2050 focused on energy anticipated by the end of 2011. This report seeks to answer the question of whether these and other related initiatives are sufficient to help Europe reach its low-carbon goals. When interpreting the results of this report, it is important to understand that the goal underlying the vision here is not the same as the one in the European Commission's 'low-carbon economy' roadmap

  9. Anti-tumor activity of self-charged (Eu, Ca): WO3 and Eu: CaWO4 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... nanoparticles with anti-tumor activity are synthesized in a sol–gel method by adding excessive Eu3+ and Ca2+ ions to tungsten oxide crystal structure. Colorimetric assay shows that 10 nm (Eu,Ca):WO3 and Eu:CaWO4 nanoparticles can effectively inhibit growth of mammary cancer cells without any harm to normal cells.

  10. The EU's cybercrime and cyber-security rulemaking: mapping the internal and external dimensions of EU security

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fahey, E.

    2014-01-01

    By taking the EU Cyber Strategy as a case in point, this contribution examines how the distinction between external and internal security in contemporary EU law manifests itself in large-scale risk regulation and in particular, how the EU relies upon external norms to regulate risk. This article

  11. Key challenges in the combat of human trafficking : Evaluating the EU trafficking strategy and EU trafficking directive

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosma, Alice; Rijken, Conny

    2016-01-01

    The problem of trafficking in human beings (THB) is still omnipresent in Europe, despite the numerous preventive and retributive actions taken. This article evaluates the two most important EU-instruments to combat trafficking: the EU Directive and the EU Strategy. Based on secondary analysis of

  12. SM-1, a novel PAC-1 derivative, activates procaspase-3 and causes cancer cell apoptosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yanfen; Sun, Meng; Ding, Jingsong; Zhu, Qubo

    2016-09-01

    To develop more potent procaspase-3 activator, 7 novel derivatives of PAC-1 were synthesized and evaluated. Among them, SM-1 stood out for its promising activity and good pharmacokinetics properties. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the pharmacological mechanism of SM-1 and evaluate its efficacy and toxicity in-depth. To reveal the effects of SM-1 on caspase-3 activity, both in vitro activation assay and in cells fluorometric assay were tested. The protein levels and distributions of procaspase-3 and cleaved caspase-3 were also measured by western blot and immunostaining. MTT assay, apoptosis assay and mouse xenograft model were applied to evaluate the efficacy of SM-1. Preliminary safety assessments also tested the acute toxicity and tissue distribution of SM-1. Compared to PAC-1, SM-1 showed higher cytotoxicity in cancer cells. Further investigation demonstrated that SM-1 relieved zinc-mediated inhibition of procaspase-3 and activated the caspase-3 activity both in tube test and in cells. Efficacy evaluation showed SM-1-induced cell apoptosis mainly via activation of caspase-3 and reduced tumor size in mouse xenograft model. Its apoptosis induction efficacy was higher than PAC-1. The preliminary safety assessment demonstrated that the overall LD50 of SM-1 lied between 500 and 1000 mg/kg and the distribution of SM-1 in brain was low. We identified SM-1 as a promising antitumor candidate, which displayed enhanced procaspase-3 activating activity and potent cytotoxicity for cancer cells but low toxicity for normal cells.

  13. The Internet and the Global Reach of EU law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuner, Christopher Barth

    and learning; international negotiation; coercion and conditionality; and blocking recognition of third country legal measures. The EU’s actions in exercising its global reach implicate important normative issues, such as distinguishing between the furtherance of core EU legal values and the advancement...... of the EU’s political interests; promoting the principles of EU law as universal values; ensuring that EU legal values are upheld in practice; and determining the territorial boundaries of EU law. The influence exercised by the EU carries responsibilities towards third countries, particularly those...

  14. The local structure of Sm and Tb in Sm{sub 1-x}Tb{sub x}PO{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lozano-Rodriguez, M. Janeth; Scheinost, Andreas C. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V., Dresden (Germany). Div. Molecular Structures; Heuser, J.; Neumeier, S. [Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (Germany). Inst. of Energy and Climate Research. IEK-6 Nuclear Waste Management and Reactor Safety

    2016-07-01

    Among the phosphates considered as waste forms for long-lived radionuclides, monazite stands out because of its low solubility, slow dissolution rate and high chemical flexibility to incorporate actinide elements such as Am and Cm. EXAFS was carried out to evaluate the local structure of the Sm{sub 1-x}Tb{sub x}PO{sub 4} solidsolution between the Sm endmember with monazite and the Tb endmember with xenotime structure.

  15. New EU project supports LHC theorists

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2011-01-01

    LHCPhenonet, a new EU-funded research network aimed at improving the theoretical predictions that guide the LHC experiments, has begun its 4-year run as a Marie Curie Initial Training Network. CERN joins the network as an associate partner, along with almost 30 multinational institutions and computing companies.   Theorists from around the world gathered in Valencia to attend LHCPhenonet's kick-off meeting. LHCPhenonet will create research opportunities for young, talented European theorists, providing funding for both doctoral and post-doctoral positions across the various participating institutions – including the University of Durham, DESY, and the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN). LHCPhenoNet aims to improve the Quantum Field Theory calculations that set the parameters of the LHC experiments, focusing on the LHC phenomenology that gave it its name. The 4.5 million euro project is funded by the EU's 7th Research Framework Programme and will be coordinated through the Span...

  16. Tax policy at the outskirts of EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vesterø Jensen, Carsten; Nielsen, Søren Bo

    2003-01-01

    on consumption, labour income and capital income, and compare these to similarmeasures for EU countries. In addition, we outline how Greenland's economic policy in other areasinterferes with tax policy. Especially fishery regulation, management of government-owned companies,and housing policy have major......This paper provides an assessment of Greenland's tax system and contemplates changes that may beundertaken in the future to prepare for greater economic self-reliance and for the country's participationin the wider world economy. At the outskirts of Europe, Greenland is an autonomous part of the......Danish kingdom, though currently not a member of EU. However, its cooperation with Europeancountries and its dependency on international trade renders it necessary for the tax system in Greenlandto be attuned to developments in the rest of the world. Drawing on a thorough international benchmarkinganalysis...

  17. Economic integration in NAFTA and the EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bislev, Sven

    This te×t critically analyzes the institutions of the EU and NAFTA. It covers both the general problems of building new and integrated markets, and several policy areas that are related to economic integration. The institutions established in both Europe and America are seen as deficient in several...... respects: not only are the "side effects" on labour markets, social and environmental conditions considered inadequately addressed. Without offering adequate replacements, the book claims, the economic integration projects are actually undermining some of the core institutions that serve the needs...... of the market economies institutions upon the integration process itself depends. This te×t analyzes the institutions of the EU and NAFTA. It covers both the general problems of building new and integrated markets, and several policy areas that are related to economic integration. The institutions established...

  18. The New EU Public Procurement Directives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    31 March 2004 the EU adopted two new public procurement directives: one for the public sector (2004/18/EC) and one for utilities (2004/17/EC). The new directives aim at simplification and modernisation of the previously existing directives including adaptation to electronic purchasing techniques....... On 4-5 November 2004 the Copenhagen Business School organised a European research conference on the new directives. The conference focused on a number of topics which are of particular interest within the field of procurement law in EU these years, including ECJ case law, utilities, electronic auctions......, transparency requirements, competitive dialogue, framework agreements, use of social and environmental criteria, Partnering and Public Private Partnerships and concessions. This book contains contributions based on presentations given by a number of the international and Danish speakers at the conference....

  19. EU Design Law and 3D Printing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordberg, Ana; Schovsbo, Jens Hemmingsen

    2017-01-01

    The article considers the implications for EU design law of 3D-printing. It first describes the 3D-printing technology and the e-ecosystem which is evolving around the technology and involves a number of new stakeholders who in different ways are engaged in the making and sharing of CAD-files and....../or printing. It is submitted that it is only a matter of time before 3D-printing equipment becomes ubiquitous. It is pointed out how the new technology and e-ecosystem at the same time represent threats and opportunities to design holders and to the societal interests in design and design law. EU design law...

  20. Active social policies in the EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berkel, Rik van; Møller, Iver Hornemann

    The general objective of this book is to contribute to the debate on, as well as to the development and implementation of, EU social policies and social policies in EU countries, particularly the growing emphasis in these policies on "activation" and "participation" rather than income provision......; and offering recommendations with respect to the future design of activating social policies. The book's main themes are: the concepts of "social exclusion" and "social inclusion" and their conceptualisation in both social scientific and political discourse; the concept of work, the increasing heterogeneity...... and training/education schemes; and the implications of these research findings for the issues outlined above, that is our thinking of work in relation to participation on the one hand, and social policies aiming at increasing participation on the other....

  1. An advanced precision analysis of the SM vacuum stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bednyakov, A. V.

    2017-09-01

    The talk is devoted to the problem of stability of the Standard Model vacuum. The effective potential for the Higgs field, which can potentialy exhibit additional, deeper minimum, is considered as a convenient tool for addressing the problem. Different methods and approximations used to calculate the potential are considered. Special attention is paid to the renomalization-group approach that allows one to carry out three-loop analysis of the problem. By means of an explicit gauge-independent procedure the absolute stability bounds on the observed Higgs and top-quark masses are derived. The importance of high-order corrections is demonstrated. In addition, potential metastablity of the SM is discussed together with modifications of the analysis due to some New Physics.

  2. Rethinking EU Citizenship: Towards the Postmodern Ethics of Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja IVIC

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The concept of EU citizenship reflects EU politics of (fixed identity, which guarantees rights only to the homogenous groups (and individuals as representatives of these groups. Hence, it leaves room for marginalizing, othering, excluding and other forms of discrimination, by creating binary oppositions: we/they, citizen/alien, EU/non-EU and so forth. EU citizenship is based on the modernist ethics of priority of right over the good. It is created to promote European idea, so it has only instrumental value. On the other hand, the politics of affinity leads to the substantive EU citizenship founded on multiple identities. The politics of affinity requires a new ethics which will lead to transformation of the main concepts of EU legal discourse.

  3. Secession and EU Membership - Is an EU member state secessionist territory automatically within EU after archiving its independence or have to reapply for membership?

    OpenAIRE

    Spiro Paço

    2015-01-01

    One of the political goals of the EU in broad is the absorption of all European continent state in a sort of United States of Europe. Nowadays the EU counts 28 states and the perspective of enlargement is not stopped by the current economic crisis. The current situation after the just completed pro-EU revolution in Ukraine and the implementation of strong economic link with former USSR Transcaucasian Republics (Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan) may suggest the final number of state in the EU. ...

  4. The new EU Financial Conglomerates Directive.

    OpenAIRE

    Akseli, Orkun

    2004-01-01

    Discusses the provisions of European Parliament and Council Directive 2002/87, the Financial Groups (Conglomerates) Directive, which was due to be implemented in the EU Member States by August 11, 2004, and which comes into effect on January 1, 2005, including: (1) the definitions of a group of undertakings and a financial conglomerate; (2) the requirement that regulated entities in a financial conglomerate have their own funds available to them, and adequate capital adequacy policies in plac...

  5. Criminal falsification of medicines in EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Victor Vevera

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Falsified medicines (the term ‘falsified’ is used to distinguish the issue from IP violations, so-called ‘counterfeits’ are a major threat to public health and safety. As falsifications become more sophisticated, the risk that falsified medicines reach patients in the EU increases every year. Falsified medicines represent a serious threat to global health and call for a comprehensive strategy both at European and international level.

  6. EU Policies and African Human Capital Development

    OpenAIRE

    Nyarko, Yaw

    2010-01-01

    European Report on Development Brain Circulation between the European Union (EU) and Sub-Saharan Africa is a crucial ingredient in Human Capital formation in the latter. A major constraint to African development is the very low base of skilled and highly educated workers and professionals. The production of skilled workers has been low, and only recently has seen a dramatic increase. Recent papers by many authors have indicated that a channel for human capital growth has been, ...

  7. Labour market models in the EU

    OpenAIRE

    KOSTER, F; McQuinn, J.; Siedschlag, I.; van Vliet, O.

    2011-01-01

    In the European Union, the most important labour market models that have been proposed for labour market reform are flexicurity and the transitional labour market. In this position paper, we conceptualise the models of flexicurity and the transitional labour market, and we outline potentially relevant research questions. These research questions focus on explaining the variations in labour market policies across EU countries and the impact of labour market institutions on labour market outcom...

  8. A multivalent chimeric vaccine composed of Schistosoma mansoni SmTSP-2 and Sm29 was able to induce protection against infection in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinheiro, C S; Ribeiro, A P D; Cardoso, F C; Martins, V P; Figueiredo, B C P; Assis, N R G; Morais, S B; Caliari, M V; Loukas, A; Oliveira, S C

    2014-07-01

    Schistosoma mansoni is a blood fluke parasite responsible for schistosomiasis. The best long-term strategy to control schistosomiasis is through immunization combined with drug treatment. In this study, we cloned, expressed and purified SmTSP-2 fused to the N- and C-terminal halves of Sm29 and tested these chimeras as vaccine candidates using an adjuvant approved to be used in humans. The results demonstrated that vaccination with SmTSP-2 fused to N- or C-terminus of Sm29-induced reduction in worm burden and liver pathology when compared to control animals. Additionally, we detected high levels of mouse-specific IgG, IgG1 and IgG2a against both chimeras and significant amounts of IFN-γ and TNF-α and no IL-4. Finally, studies with sera from patients resistant to infection and living in schistosomiasis endemic areas revealed high levels of specific IgG to both chimeras when compared to healthy individuals. In conclusion, SmTSP-2/Sm29 chimeras tested here induced partial protection against infection and might be a potential vaccine candidate. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Enhanced emission of CaNb2O6 : Sm 3+ phosphor by codoping Na ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sm3+, Na+/B3+ phosphor has a potential application in white light-emitting diodes based on near-UV LED chip. Keywords. Sm3+ ion; tunable emission; charge compensation; energy .... CaNb2O6 possessed a low-symmetry crystal struc- ture is described in the orthorhombic crystal system with space-group Pbcn (no.

  10. Superconductivity in Sm-doped CaFe2As2 single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong-Yun, Chen; Bin-Bin, Ruan; Jia, Yu; Qi, Guo; Xiao-Chuan, Wang; Qing-Ge, Mu; Bo-Jin, Pan; Tong, Liu; Gen-Fu, Chen; Zhi-An, Ren

    2016-06-01

    In this article, the Sm-doping single crystals Ca1 - x Sm x Fe2As2 (x = 0 ˜ 0.2) were prepared by the CaAs flux method, and followed by a rapid quenching treatment after the high temperature growth. The samples were characterized by structural, resistive, and magnetic measurements. The successful Sm-substitution was revealed by the reduction of the lattice parameter c, due to the smaller ionic radius of Sm3+ than Ca2+. Superconductivity was observed in all samples with onset T c varying from 27 K to 44 K upon Sm-doping. The coexistence of a collapsed phase transition and the superconducting transition was found for the lower Sm-doping samples. Zero resistivity and substantial superconducting volume fraction only happen in higher Sm-doping crystals with the nominal x > 0.10. The doping dependences of the c-axis length and onset T c were summarized. The high-T c observed in these quenched crystals may be attributed to simultaneous tuning of electron carriers doping and strain effect caused by lattice reduction of Sm-substitution. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11474339), the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant Nos. 2010CB923000 and 2011CBA00100), and the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDB07020100).

  11. Exopolysaccharides play a role in the swarming of the benthic bacterium Pseudoalteromonas sp. SM9913

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ang eLiu

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Most marine bacteria secrete exopolysaccharide (EPS, which is important for bacterial survival in the marine environment. However, it is still unclear whether the self-secreted EPS is involved in marine bacterial motility. Here we studied the role of EPS in the lateral flagella-driven swarming motility of benthic bacterium Pseudoalteromonas sp. SM9913 (SM9913 by a comparison of wild SM9913 and ΔepsT, an EPS synthesis defective mutant. Reduction of EPS production in ΔepsT did not affect the growth rate or the swimming motility, but significantly decreased the swarming motility on a swarming plate, suggesting that the EPS may play a role in SM9913 swarming. However, the expression and assembly of lateral flagella in ΔepsT were not affected. Instead, ΔepsT had a different swarming behavior from wild SM9913. The swarming of ΔepsT did not have an obvious rapid swarming period, and its rate became much lower than that of wild SM9913 after 35 h incubation. An addition of surfactin or SM9913 EPS on the surface of the swarming plate could rescue the swarming level. These results indicate that the self-secreted EPS is required for the swarming of SM9913. This study widens our understanding of the function of the EPS of benthic bacteria.

  12. Crystal growth, structure and magnetic properties of Sm 3 Ni 5 Al 19 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Crystal growth, structure and magnetic properties of Sm3Ni5Al19: A compound in the Sm2n+mNi4n+mAl15n+4m homologous series. Udumula Subbarao Aloke Kumar Ghosh Sumanta Sarkar Sebastian C Peter. Special issue on Chemical Crystallography Volume 126 Issue 5 September 2014 pp 1605-1613 ...

  13. SYNTHESIS AND DNA INTERACTION OF A Sm(III) COMPLEX OF A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    HL]−, derived from vanillin and L-tryptophan, and herring sperm DNA at physiological pH (7.40) has been studied by UV-Vis absorption, fluorescence and viscosity methods. The binding ratios nSm(III) : nK[HL] = 1:1 and nSm(III)L : nDNA = 5:1 ...

  14. 31 CFR 585.311 - Government of the FRY (S&M).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... General Definitions § 585.311 Government of the FRY (S&M). The term Government of the FRY (S&M) includes... Economy, the National Bank of Serbia, the Serbian Chamber of Economy, the National Bank of Montenegro, and the Montenegrin Chamber of Economy; (b) Any entity owned or controlled by the foregoing. For purposes...

  15. 31 CFR 586.304 - Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia & Montenegro); FRY (S&M).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (Serbia & Montenegro); FRY (S&M). 586.304 Section 586.304 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA & MONTENEGRO) KOSOVO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 586.304 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia & Montenegro); FRY (S&M). The term Federal Republic of Yugoslavia...

  16. 31 CFR 585.313 - Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro); FRY (S&M).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (Serbia and Montenegro); FRY (S&M). 585.313 Section 585.313 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO) AND BOSNIAN SERB-CONTROLLED AREAS OF THE REPUBLIC... Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro); FRY (S&M). The term Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro...

  17. Importance of fines in smart water enhanced oil recovery (SmW-EOR) for chalk outcrops

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chakravarty, Krishna Hara; Fosbøl, Philip Loldrup; Thomsen, Kaj

    2015-01-01

    In SmW-EOR it is generally believed that precipitation of brines must be avoided since it can have a negative impact on the SmW sweep efficiency. But substitution of Mg2+ by Ca2+ on calcite surfaces (a well-accepted phenomenon) can change the brine combination and enhance the possibility of fine ...

  18. Interaction mode between methylene blue-Sm(III complex and herring sperm DNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-sheng Ding

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Spectroscopic and viscosity methods were applied to investigate the interaction between methylene blue (MB-Sm(III complex and herring sperm DNA by using acridine orange as a spectral probe in Tris-HCl buffer (pH 7.40. By means of molar ratio method, the binding ratios between MB-Sm(III and DNA were determined as nSm(III:nMB =1:3, nMB-Sm(III complex:n DNA = 8:1, and the apparent molar absorption coefficient of εMB-Sm(III-DNA was found to be 7.01×105 M-1•cm-1. The bonding constants at different temperatures Kθ292K = 7.35×105 M-1, Kθ310K = 1.25×105 M-1 were obtained by double reciprocal method. Thermodynamic function computation demonstrates that ΔrSmӨ is the primary driving power of the interaction between MB-Sm(III and herring sperm DNA. By combination analysis of the Scatchard method, circular dichroism spectroscopy and viscosity method, it suggests that the interaction mode between MB-Sm(III complex and herring sperm DNA are a mixed binding, which contains partial intercalation and electrostatic interaction.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v26i3.8

  19. Bøger til de små med stor betydning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winther, Frederikke

    2010-01-01

    Kort beskrivelse af småbørnslitteraturen indeholdt i de bogpakker, som uddeles i forbindelse med litteraturformidlingsprogrammet Bogstart.......Kort beskrivelse af småbørnslitteraturen indeholdt i de bogpakker, som uddeles i forbindelse med litteraturformidlingsprogrammet Bogstart....

  20. Economic disparities between EU states and regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion CIUREA

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available EU has 27 Member States representing a community and a market of 493million citizens, which creates further economic and social disparities between thestates and their 271 regions. In a region in four, the GDP (gross domestic product percapita is 75% below the average for the EU-27. Based on the concepts of solidarity andcohesion, regional policy of the European Union favors reducing structural disparitiesbetween EU regions, the balanced development of the community and promoting aneffective equality of opportunity between people. Over the past 50 years, Europeancooperation has helped build highways, sewage plants, bridges, laboratories forbiotechnology. She helped to revive urban areas and neglected activities, throughcountless projects in the poorest regions of the Union.. Two key values: solidarity andcohesion, underlying these projects and the regional policy of the European Union. Theeconomic, social and territorial cohesion will always be at the heart of Europe Strategy2020, a key mechanism for achieving the priorities for a smart growth, sustainable andinclusive in the Member States and regions.