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Sample records for brc case register

  1. A Case of Improperly Registered "Wansheng" Trademark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ In September 1999, the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board of the China State Administration for In-dustry and Commerce (SAIC) made its fi-nal decision on revocation of the "Wangsheng" trademark: the ground for the revocation raised by Hitachi Maxell Ltd.(Hitachi) that the Shenzhen Hua Yuan In-dustrial (Group) Co., Ltd. (Hua Yuan) has registered, by improper means, the "Wansheng" trademark no. 592880 for Class 9 floppy and magnetic disks and no.870819 for Class 9 battery are tenable and the trademark is revoked.

  2. NEW YOUNG STAR CANDIDATES IN BRC 27 AND BRC 34

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rebull, L. M.; Laher, R.; Legassie, M. [Spitzer Science Center/Caltech, M/S 220-6, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Johnson, C. H.; Carlson, S.; Clark, M.; Killingstad, N.; Koop, S. [Breck School, 123 Ottawa Avenue N., Golden Valley, MN 55422 (United States); Gibbs, J. C.; Aryal, S.; Canakapalli, T. S. [Glencoe High School, 2700 NW Glencoe Rd., Hillsboro, OR 97124 (United States); Linahan, M.; Ezyk, N.; Fagan, J. [Carmel Catholic High School, One Carmel Parkway, Mundelein, IL 60060 (United States); Sartore, D.; Badura, K. S. [Pine Ridge High School, 926 Howland Blvd., Deltona, FL 32738 (United States); Armstrong, J. D. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope (LCOGT) Network, Inc., 6740 Cortona Dr. Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Allen, L. E. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); McGehee, P. [Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC), M/S 220-6, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Padgett, D. L., E-mail: rebull@ipac.caltech.edu [NASA' s Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), 8800 Greenbelt Rd., Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); and others

    2013-01-01

    We used archival Spitzer Space Telescope mid-infrared data to search for young stellar objects (YSOs) in the immediate vicinity of two bright-rimmed clouds, BRC 27 (part of CMa R1) and BRC 34 (part of the IC 1396 complex). These regions both appear to be actively forming young stars, perhaps triggered by the proximate OB stars. In BRC 27, we find clear infrared excesses around 22 of the 26 YSOs or YSO candidates identified in the literature, and identify 16 new YSO candidates that appear to have IR excesses. In BRC 34, the one literature-identified YSO has an IR excess, and we suggest 13 new YSO candidates in this region, including a new Class I object. Considering the entire ensemble, both BRCs are likely of comparable ages, within the uncertainties of small number statistics and without spectroscopy to confirm or refute the YSO candidates. Similarly, no clear conclusions can yet be drawn about any possible age gradients that may be present across the BRCs.

  3. Subdural hematoma cases identified through a Danish patient register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Frantz Rom; Halle, Bo; Pottegård, Anton;

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the usefulness of Danish patient registers for epidemiological studies of subdural hematoma (SDH) and to describe clinical characteristics of validated cases. METHODS: Using a patient register covering a geographically defined area in Denmark, we retrieved...... moderate for patients recorded under code I620 (62%). cSDH represented 57% of verified cases, and aSDH the remaining 43%. cSDH differed markedly from aSDH with regard to a number of clinical characteristics, including a much lower mortality (OR 0.2, 95%CI 0.1-0.3). However, preadmission antithrombotic drug...... hospital contacts recorded under SDH International Classification of Diseases version 10 codes S065 and I620 in 2000-2012. Neurosurgeons reviewed medical records of all potential cases. Based on brain scan results, verified cases were classified by SDH type (chronic SDH (cSDH) or acute SDH (aSDH)). Thirty...

  4. USEPA's proposed standard for BRC criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that the EPA has developed technical information, cost data, a methodology for analyzing promising candidate waste streams, and a rationale for proposing BRC criteria. Risk assessments to support the BRC criteria include an analysis of surrogate radioactive waste streams, disposal alternatives, and diverse demographic settings. In considering the development of a proposed BRC level, EPA carefully weighted many factors. Foremost was protection of the public and the development of an exposure level with assurance of no undue risk. Also considered were other daily risks encountered, ability to demonstrate compliance, guidance for similar exemptions by other groups, consistency with other regulated risk levels, general population health risks, maximum annual exposures to critical population groups, and the costs presently associated with the regulation of these wastes

  5. A Study of Star Formation in BRC18

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Using the 13.7 m radio telescope at Delingha, the millimeter-wave radioobservatory of Purple Mountain Observatory, we made mapping observations in12CO J = 1 - 0 line towards IRAS 05417+0907, located in the bright-rimmed cloud(BRC) BRC18. We used a 7 × 7 grid with 1' spacing, a finer and larger grid thanthe one used by Myers et al. Our results show that there is a bipolar outflownear IRAS 05417+0907. Combining with the observations at other wave bands, wefind that the star formation process in this region is triggered by radiation-drivenimplosion. The significant difference between the masses of BRC18 and the coresand the relatively large ratio of associated source bolometric luminosity to the massshow that the star formation in BRC18 may be taking place in a sequence.

  6. Non-registered Trademarks Should Not Be Protected: Protection of Non-registered Trademarks as Viewed in the Little Fat Sheep Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Canhua

    2005-01-01

    @@ Many reports are positive comments on the case,arguing that the protection of the nonregistered famous service mark, the Little Fat Sheep,should be under the same protection for a registered well-known trademark and holding that the Little Fat Sheep Corporation is entitled to the exclusive right to use the LITTLE FAT SHEEP trademark.

  7. Non-registered Trademarks Should Not Be Protected: Protection of Non-registered Trademarks as Viewed in the Little Fat Sheep Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao; Canhua

    2005-01-01

      Many reports are positive comments on the case,arguing that the protection of the nonregistered famous service mark, the Little Fat Sheep,should be under the same protection for a registered well-known trademark and holding that the Little Fat Sheep Corporation is entitled to the exclusive right to use the LITTLE FAT SHEEP trademark.……

  8. Functional redundancy and the process of professionalization: the case of registered nurses in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levi, M

    1980-01-01

    Registered nurses have been attempting to achieve professional status for nearly a century. Historical investigation of their efforts in the United States and a case study of the 1976 Seattle Nurses' strike indicate major obstacles to the professionalizing project. The most important of these are the inability of the nurses to control the labor supply, and their failure to define or monopolize a distinct set of tasks. One result is functional redundancy: there is no job nurses perform that is not also performed by some other occupation.

  9. Childhood leukemia and parental occupation: a register-based case-control study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Steensel-Moll, H.A.; Valkenburg, H.A.; Van Zanen, G.E.

    1985-02-01

    To explore possible etiologic factors of childhood leukemia, a case-control study was performed in the Netherlands. Cases were selected from a complete nationwide register of cases of childhood leukemia which were diagnosed between 1973 and 1980. Controls were matched with cases for year of birth, sex, and place of residence at the time of diagnosis. Information about possible exposure was collected by a postal questionnaire addressed to the parents. This report concerns the results of the analysis of parental occupations and occupational exposures for 519 children with acute lymphocytic leukemia and 507 controls. During pregnancy, more mothers of patients were working in ''hydrocarbon-related'' occupations; relative risk (RR) = 2.5 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.7 - 9.4). Likewise, greater occupational exposure to chemicals (paint, petroleum products, and unspecified chemicals) during pregnancy was found for mothers of patients (RR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.2 - 4.6). The kind of work being performed by the mothers one year before diagnosis did not differ between cases and controls. For the fathers, no relationship was found between a hydrocarbon-related occupation or occupational exposure to chemicals and leukemia in the offspring. Adjustment for birth order, social class, and degree of urbanization did not materially change the relative risks. 16 references, 5 tables.

  10. Background radiation and childhood leukemia: A nationwide register-based case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikkilä, Atte; Erme, Sini; Arvela, Hannu; Holmgren, Olli; Raitanen, Jani; Lohi, Olli; Auvinen, Anssi

    2016-11-01

    High doses of ionizing radiation are an established cause of childhood leukemia. However, substantial uncertainty remains about the effect of low doses of radiation, including background radiation and potential differences between genetic subgroups of leukemia have rarely been explored. We investigated the effect of the background gamma radiation on childhood leukemia using a nationwide register-based case-control study. For each of the 1,093 cases, three age- and gender matched controls were selected (N = 3,279). Conditional logistic regression analyses were adjusted for confounding by Down syndrome, birth weight (large for gestational age), and maternal smoking. Complete residential histories and previously collected survey data of the background gamma radiation in Finland were used to assess the exposure of the study subjects to indoor and outdoor gamma radiation. Overall, background gamma radiation showed a non-significant association with the OR of childhood leukemia (OR 1.01, 95% CI 0.97, 1.05 for 10 nSv/h increase in average equivalent dose rate to red bone marrow). In subgroup analyses, age group 2-childhood leukemia, particularly at age 2-<7 years. Our findings suggest a larger effect of radiation on leukemia with high hyperpdiploidy than other subgroups, but this result requires further confirmation. PMID:27405274

  11. Severe Allergic Reactions to Food in Norway: A Ten Year Survey of Cases Reported to the Food Allergy Register

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliann Egaas

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The Norwegian Food Allergy Register was established at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health in 2000. The purpose of the register is to gain information about severe allergic reactions to food in Norway and to survey food products in relation to allergen labelling and contamination. Cases are reported on a voluntary basis by first line doctors, and submitted together with a serum sample for specific IgE analysis. The register has received a total of 877 reports from 1 July, 2000 to 31 December, 2010. Two age groups, small children and young adults are over-represented, and the overall gender distribution is 40:60 males-females. The legumes lupine and fenugreek have been identified as two “new” allergens in processed foods and cases of contamination and faults in production of processed foods have been revealed. The highest frequency of food specific IgE is to hazelnuts and peanuts, with a marked increase in reactions to hazelnuts during the last three years. The Food Allergy Register has improved our knowledge about causes and severity of food allergic reactions in Norway. The results show the usefulness of population based national food allergy registers in providing information for health authorities and to secure safe food for individuals with food allergies.

  12. BRC Hansapanga endiste töötajate kätte / Andres Põld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põld, Andres, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Hansapanga juhatus otsustas müüa Balti Realiseerimiskeskuse (BRC) panga ekstöötajate ja Silberauto osalusega konsortsiumile OÜ Baltic Business Associates. Diagramm: BRC tulemused käivad alla. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud Baltic Business Associates juhatuse liikme Tarmo Rootemaniga

  13. Validity of the diagnosis of a single depressive episode in a case register

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gether Ulrik

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective To validate the ICD-10 diagnosis of a single depressive episode as used in daily clinical psychiatric practice and as recorded in the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register. Methods Patients discharged with a diagnosis of a single depressive episode were consecutively sampled from the register and diagnosed according to an interview using the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN. Results A total of 75.4% of 399 patients with a register diagnosis of a single depressive episode also got this diagnosis according to the SCAN interview (82.8% for severe type of a single depression, 76.0% for moderate type of a single depression and 65.2% for mild type of a single depression. Conclusion The ICD-10 diagnosis of a single depressive episode can be used in daily clinical practice with sufficient precision. The validity of the diagnosis is highest for severe and moderate type of depression and decreases for mild depression.

  14. Utility of local health registers in measuring perinatal mortality: A case study in rural Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adair Timothy

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Perinatal mortality is an important indicator of obstetric and newborn care services. Although the vast majority of global perinatal mortality is estimated to occur in developing countries, there is a critical paucity of reliable data at the local level to inform health policy, plan health care services, and monitor their impact. This paper explores the utility of information from village health registers to measure perinatal mortality at the sub district level in a rural area of Indonesia. Methods A retrospective pregnancy cohort for 2007 was constructed by triangulating data from antenatal care, birth, and newborn care registers in a sample of villages in three rural sub districts in Central Java, Indonesia. For each pregnancy, birth outcome and first week survival were traced and recorded from the different registers, as available. Additional local death records were consulted to verify perinatal mortality, or identify deaths not recorded in the health registers. Analyses were performed to assess data quality from registers, and measure perinatal mortality rates. Qualitative research was conducted to explore knowledge and practices of village midwives in register maintenance and reporting of perinatal mortality. Results Field activities were conducted in 23 villages, covering a total of 1759 deliveries that occurred in 2007. Perinatal mortality outcomes were 23 stillbirths and 15 early neonatal deaths, resulting in a perinatal mortality rate of 21.6 per 1000 live births in 2007. Stillbirth rates for the study population were about four times the rates reported in the routine Maternal and Child Health program information system. Inadequate awareness and supervision, and alternate workload were cited by local midwives as factors resulting in inconsistent data reporting. Conclusions Local maternal and child health registers are a useful source of information on perinatal mortality in rural Indonesia. Suitable training

  15. Immigrant integration and the global recession : a case study using Swedish register data

    OpenAIRE

    Macpherson, Robert Allan

    2015-01-01

    In many immigrant-receiving countries, the increased rate and diversification of immigration has placed immigrant integration high on academic and political agendas. Immigrant integration must also be understood within increasingly complex contexts due to the global recession and new geographies of immigrant settlement. The aim of this thesis is to deepen understanding of immigrant integration processes during the recession by using Sweden as an empirical lens. Using Swedish register data, th...

  16. Biogas Research Center, BRC : Slutrapport för etapp 1

    OpenAIRE

    Ammenberg, Jonas; Svensson, Bo; Karlsson, Magnus; Svensson, Niclas; Björn, Annika; Karlsson, Martin; Tonderski, Karin; Eklund, Mats

    2015-01-01

    Biogas Research Center (BRC) är ett kompetenscentrum för biogasforskning som finansieras av Energimyndigheten, LiU och ett flertal externa organisationer med en tredjedel vardera. BRC har en mycket bred tvärvetenskaplig inriktning och sammanför biogasrelaterad kompetens från flera olika områden för att skapa interaktion på flera olika plan: mellan näringsliv, akademi och samhälle, mellan olika perspektiv, samt mellan olika discipliner och kompetensområden. BRC:s vision är: Resurseffektiva bi...

  17. Nuclear import of transcription factor BR-C is mediated by its interaction with RACK1.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daojun Cheng

    Full Text Available The transcription factor Broad Complex (BR-C is an early ecdysone response gene in insects and contains two types of domains: two zinc finger domains for the activation of gene transcription and a Bric-a-brac/Tramtrack/Broad complex (BTB domain for protein-protein interaction. Although the mechanism of zinc finger-mediated gene transcription is well studied, the partners interacting with the BTB domain of BR-C has not been elucidated until now. Here, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen using the BTB domain of silkworm BR-C as bait and identified the receptor for activated C-kinase 1 (RACK1, a scaffolding/anchoring protein, as the novel partner capable of interacting with BR-C. The interaction between BR-C and RACK1 was further confirmed by far-western blotting and pull-down assays. Importantly, the disruption of this interaction, via RNAi against the endogenous RACK1 gene or deletion of the BTB domain, abolished the nuclear import of BR-C in BmN4 cells. In addition, RNAi against the endogenous PKC gene as well as phosphorylation-deficient mutation of the predicted PKC phosphorylation sites at either Ser373 or Thr406 in BR-C phenocopied RACK1 RNAi and altered the nuclear localization of BR-C. However, when BTB domain was deleted, phosphorylation mimics of either Ser373 or Thr406 had no effect on the nuclear import of BR-C. Moreover, mutating the PKC phosphorylation sites at Ser373 and Thr406 or deleting the BTB domain significantly decreased the transcriptional activation of a BR-C target gene. Given that RACK1 is necessary for recruiting PKC to close and phosphorylate target proteins, we suggest that the PKC-mediated phosphorylation and nuclear import of BR-C is determined by its interaction with RACK1. This novel finding will be helpful for further deciphering the mechanism underlying the role of BR-C proteins during insect development.

  18. Breast cancer risk associated with different HRT formulations: a register-based case-control study

    OpenAIRE

    Thai Do; Möhner Sabine; Heinemann Lothar AJ; Dinger Juergen C; Assmann Anita

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background Previous epidemiological studies have inconsistently shown a modestly increased breast cancer risk associated with hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Limited information is available about different formulations – particularly concerning different progestins. Methods A case-control study was performed within Germany in collaboration with regional cancer registries and tumor centers. Up to 5 controls were matched breast cancer cases. Conditional logistic regression analysis...

  19. Breast cancer risk associated with different HRT formulations: a register-based case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thai Do

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous epidemiological studies have inconsistently shown a modestly increased breast cancer risk associated with hormone replacement therapy (HRT. Limited information is available about different formulations – particularly concerning different progestins. Methods A case-control study was performed within Germany in collaboration with regional cancer registries and tumor centers. Up to 5 controls were matched breast cancer cases. Conditional logistic regression analysis was applied to estimate crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI. Stratified analyses were performed to compare the risk of different estrogens, progestins, and combinations. Results A total of 3593 cases of breast cancer were identified and compared with 9098 controls. The adjusted overall risk estimate for breast cancer (BC associated with current or past use of HRT was 1.2 (1.1–1.3, and almost identical for lag times from 6 months to 6 years prior to diagnosis. No significant trend of increasing BC risk was found with increasing duration of HRT use, or time since first or last use in aggregate. Many established BC risk factors significantly modified the effect of HRT on BC risk, particularly first-degree family history of BC, higher age, lower education, higher body mass index (BMI, and never having used oral contraceptives (OCs during lifetime. Whereas the overall risk estimates were stable, the numbers in many of the sub-analyses of HRT formulation groups (estrogens, progestins, and combinations were too small for strong conclusions. Nevertheless, the BC risk seems not to vary much across HRT formulation subgroups. In particular, no substantial difference in BC risk was observed between HRT containing conjugated equine estrogens (CEE or medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA and other formulations more common in Europe. Conclusion The BC risk of HRT use is rather small. Low risk estimates for BC and a high potential for

  20. Early-adult outcome of child and adolescent mental disorders as evidenced by a national-based case register survey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castagnini, Augusto; Foldager, Leslie; Caffo, Ernesto;

    2016-01-01

    Background Mental disorders show varying degrees of continuity from childhood to adulthood. This study addresses the relationship of child and adolescent mental disorders to early adult psychiatric morbidity. Methods From a population at risk of 830,819 children and adolescents aged 6–16 years, we...... selected all those (n = 6043) who were enrolled for the first time in the Danish Psychiatric Register with an ICD-10 F00–99 diagnosis in 1995–1997, and identified any mental disorder for which they received treatment up to 2009. Results Neurodevelopmental and conduct disorders were the principal diagnostic...... groups at 6–16 years and exhibited a characteristic male preponderance; while affective, eating, neurotic, stress-related and adjustment disorders were more common in girls. Over a mean follow-up period of 10.1 years, 1666 (27.6%) cases, mean age 23.4 years, were referred for treatment to mental health...

  1. An association between initiation of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and suicide - a nationwide register-based case-crossover study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charlotte Björkenstam

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI is one of the most common treatments for depression. It is however not clear whether or not there is an increased short-term suicide risk during initiation with SSRI. METHODS: A register-based nationwide case-crossover study including 5,866 suicides, 1,698 women and 4,168 men, from the Death Register 2007-2010 in Sweden. SSRI initiation was defined as a dispensed prescription of SSRI within 28 days prior to the date of suicide with no previous dispensed prescription of SSRI within 4 months prior that prescription. The control period took place one year earlier. Odds ratio (OR was estimated using conditional logistic regression. RESULT: During the 28 day period prior to suicide 48 women and 138 men were exposed to SSRI initiation (while not being exposed in the control period and 22 women and 43 men were exposed in the control period (while not being exposed in the case period. The OR for suicide after initiation with SSRI was 2.7 (95% CI: 1.6-44 for women, and 4.3 (95% CI: 3.0-6.1 for men. The highest OR was found 8-11 days after initiation with SSRI 9.7 (95% CI: 3.0-31.7 for women and men combined. CONCLUSION: The main limitation in this study is confounding by indication, but the descriptive question is however not confounded by indication. Together with plausible biological mechanisms and previous clinical and epidemiological observations our findings, linking initiation of SSRI to increased short-term suicide risk, deserve further attention specifically in the clinical setting.

  2. Analysis of latency time and its determinants in asbestos related malignant mesothelioma cases of the Italian register.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinaccio, Alessandro; Binazzi, Alessandra; Cauzillo, Gabriella; Cavone, Domenica; Zotti, Renata De; Ferrante, Pierpaolo; Gennaro, Valerio; Gorini, Giuseppe; Menegozzo, Massimo; Mensi, Carolina; Merler, Enzo; Mirabelli, Dario; Montanaro, Fabio; Musti, Marina; Pannelli, Franco; Romanelli, Antonio; Scarselli, Alberto; Tumino, Rosario

    2007-12-01

    Italy was an important producer of raw asbestos until 1992 (when it was banned) and it is now experiencing severe public health consequences due to large-scale industrial use of asbestos in shipbuilding and repair, asbestos-cement production, railways, buildings, chemicals and many other industrial sectors. Latency of malignant mesothelioma generally shows a large variability and the relationship with the modality of asbestos exposure is still not fully clarified. We present an analysis of latency period among the case list collected by the Italian mesothelioma register (ReNaM) in the period of diagnosis 1993-2001 (2544 malignant mesothelioma (MM) cases with asbestos exposure history). Exposure is assessed retrospectively by interview. Statistical univariate analyses were performed to estimate median and variability measures of latency time by anatomical site, gender and diagnosis period. The role of diagnostic confidence level, the morphology of the tumour and the modalities of asbestos exposure were verified in a regression multivariate model. We found a median latency period of 44.6 years increasing in recent years with a linear trend. Anatomical site, gender and morphology were not relevant for MM latency time whereas a shorter latency period was documented among occupationally exposed subjects (43 years) with respect to environmentally and household exposed ones (48 years). PMID:17980576

  3. Spectroscopic Classification of SN 2016bkz (=PTSS-16brc) as a Type IIP Supernova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jujia; Lun, Baoli; Wang, Xiaofeng; Li, Wenxiong; Yang, Zesheng; Li, Bin; Zhao, Haibin; Wang, Lifan; Xu, Zhijian

    2016-04-01

    We obtained an optical spectrum (range 350-900 nm) of SN 2016bkz(=PTSS-16brc), discovered by the PMO-Tsinghua Supernova Survey (PTSS: http://119.78.210.3/ptss2/), on UT Mar.31.6 2016 with the 2.4-m telescope (+YFOSC) at LiJiang Gaomeigu Station of Yunnan Astronomical Observatories (YNAO).

  4. Registered partnerships

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    In recent decades, family patterns have changed significantly. National laws have taken these changes into account, recognizing new forms of unions, different to heterosexual marriage. Indeed, recently some countries have given the possibility to same-sex couples to enter into various forms of unions. Staff regulations of international organizations are not directly affected by national laws, but in the context of diversity policies, the lack of recognition of these new forms of unions, may appear to discriminate based on sexual orientation and to limit the freedom of choosing marital status. A study by the International Service for Remunerations and Pensions (iSRP) of the OECD in January 2015 (PROS Report (1015) 04) shows that in comparison with other international organizations, CERN offers the least favorable social conditions for its Staff with in a registered partnership. As part of the Five-year review in 2015, it is important that CERN aligns itself with the practice of these other organizations...

  5. Using Plant Clinic Registers to Assess the Quality of Diagnoses and Advice Given to Farmers: A Case Study from Uganda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danielsen, Solveig; Boa, Eric; Mafabi, Moses; Mutebi, Emmanuel; Reeder, Robert; Kabeere, Flavia; Karyeija, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: This study developed a framework for quality assessment of diagnoses and advice given at plant clinics. Design/methodology/approach: Clinic registers from five plant clinics in Uganda (2006-2010) were used to develop quality assessment protocols for diagnoses and advice given by plant doctors. Assessment of quality of diagnoses was based…

  6. Molecular characterization of brown carbon (BrC) chromophores in secondary organic aerosol generated from photo-oxidation of toluene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Peng; Liu, Jiumeng; Shilling, John E; Kathmann, Shawn M; Laskin, Julia; Laskin, Alexander

    2015-09-28

    Atmospheric brown carbon (BrC) is a significant contributor to light absorption and climate forcing. However, little is known about a fundamental relationship between the chemical composition of BrC and its optical properties. In this work, light-absorbing secondary organic aerosol (SOA) was generated in the PNNL chamber from toluene photo-oxidation in the presence of NOx (Tol-SOA). Molecular structures of BrC components were examined using nanospray desorption electrospray ionization (nano-DESI) and liquid chromatography (LC) combined with UV/Vis spectroscopy and electrospray ionization (ESI) high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). The chemical composition of BrC chromophores and the light absorption properties of toluene SOA (Tol-SOA) depend strongly on the initial NOx concentration. Specifically, Tol-SOA generated under high-NOx conditions (defined here as initial NOx/toluene of 5/1) appears yellow and mass absorption coefficient of the bulk sample (MACbulk@365 nm = 0.78 m(2) g(-1)) is nearly 80 fold higher than that measured for the Tol-SOA sample generated under low-NOx conditions (NOx/toluene NOx. The integrated absorbance of these fifteen chromophores accounts for 40-60% of the total light absorbance by Tol-SOA at wavelengths between 300 nm and 500 nm. The combination of tandem LC-UV/Vis-ESI/HRMS measurements provides an analytical platform for predictive understanding of light absorption properties by BrC and their relationship to the structure of individual chromophores. General trends in the UV/Vis absorption by plausible isomers of the BrC chromophores were evaluated using theoretical chemistry calculations. The molecular-level understanding of BrC chemistry is helpful for better understanding the evolution and behavior of light absorbing aerosols in the atmosphere. PMID:26173064

  7. Roles of DgBRC1 in regulation of lateral branching in chrysanthemum (Dendranthema ×grandiflora cv. Jinba).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiaoli; Zhou, Xiaoyang; Xi, Lin; Li, Junxiang; Zhao, Ruiyan; Ma, Nan; Zhao, Liangjun

    2013-01-01

    The diverse plasticity of plant architecture is largely determined by shoot branching. Shoot branching is an event regulated by multiple environmental, developmental and hormonal stimuli through triggering lateral bud response. After perceiving these signals, the lateral buds will respond and make a decision on whether to grow out. TCP transcriptional factors, BRC1/TB1/FC1, were previously proven to be involved in local inhibition of shoot branching in Arabidopsis, pea, tomato, maize and rice. To investigate the function of BRC1, we isolated the BRC1 homolog from chrysanthemum. There were two transcripts of DgBRC1 coming from two alleles in one locus, both of which complemented the multiple branches phenotype of Arabidopsis brc1-1, indicating that both are functionally conserved. DgBRC1 was mainly expressed in dormant axillary buds, and down-regulated at the bud activation stage, and up-regulated by higher planting densities. DgBRC1 transcripts could respond to apical auxin supply and polar auxin transport. Moreover, we found that the acropetal cytokinin stream promoted branch outgrowth whether or not apical auxin was present. Basipetal cytokinin promoted outgrowth of branches in the absence of apical auxin, while strengthening the inhibitory effects on lower buds in the presence of apical auxin. The influence of auxin and strigolactons (SLs) on the production of cytokinin was investigated, we found that auxin locally down-regulated biosynthesis of cytokinin in nodes, SLs also down-regulated the biosynthesis of cytokinin, the interactions among these phytohormones need further investigation. PMID:23613914

  8. Molecular Characterization of Brown Carbon (BrC) Chromophores in Secondary Organic Aerosol Generated From Photo-Oxidation of Toluene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, Peng; Liu, Jiumeng; Shilling, John E.; Kathmann, Shawn M.; Laskin, Julia; Laskin, Alexander

    2015-09-28

    Atmospheric Brown carbon (BrC) is a significant contributor to light absorption and climate forcing. However, little is known about a fundamental relationship between the chemical composition of BrC and its optical properties. In this work, light-absorbing secondary organic aerosol (SOA) was generated in the PNNL chamber from toluene photo-oxidation in the presence of NOx (Tol-SOA). Molecular structures of BrC components were examined using nanospray desorption electrospray ionization (nano-DESI) and liquid chromatography (LC) combined with UV/Vis spectroscopy and electrospray ionization (ESI) high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). The chemical composition of BrC chromophores and the light absorption properties of toluene SOA (Tol-SOA) depend strongly on the initial NOx concentration. Specifically, Tol-SOA generated under high-NOx conditions (defined here as initial NOx/toluene of 5/1) appears yellow and mass absorption coefficient of the bulk sample (MACbulk@365nm = 0.78 m2 g-1) is nearly 80 fold higher than that measured for the Tol-SOA sample generated under low-NOx conditions (NOx/toluene < 1/300). Fifteen compounds, most of which are nitrophenols, are identified as major BrC chromophores responsible for the enhanced light absorption of Tol-SOA material produced in the presence of NOx. The integrated absorbance of these fifteen chromophores accounts for 40-60% of the total light absorbance by Tol-SOA at wavelengths between 300 nm and 500 nm. The combination of tandem LC-UV/Vis-ESI/HRMS measurements provides an analytical platform for predictive understanding of light absorption properties by BrC and their relationship to the structure of individual chromophores. General trends in the UV/vis absorption by plausible isomers of the BrC chromophores were evaluated using theoretical chemistry calculations. The molecular-level understanding of BrC chemistry is helpful for better understanding the evolution and behavior of light absorbing aerosols in the atmosphere.

  9. New BRC neutron evaluations of actinides with the TALYS code: Modelization and first validation tests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romain P.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The reader may have a look on references [1–3,5] for more details. Over the last five years, new evaluations of plutonium and uranium have been performed at Bruyèeres-le-Châtel (BRC from the resolved resonance region up to 30MeV. Only nuclear reactions models have been used to build these evaluations. Total, shape elastic and direct inelastic cross sections are obtained from a coupled channel model using a dispersive optical potential (BRC, [13] devoted to actinides. All the other cross sections are calculated owing to the Hauser-Fesbach theory (TALYS code [4].We take particular care over the fission channel. For uranium isotopes, a triple-humped barrier [3] is required in order to reproduce accurately the variations of the experimental fission cross sections. As not commonly expected, we show [5] that the effect of the class II or class III states located in the wells of the aforementioned fission barrier provide sometimes an anti-resonant transmission rather than a resonant. With increasing neutron incident energy, a lot of residual nuclei produced by nucleon emission lead to fission also. All available experimental data assigned to the various fission mechanisms of the same nucleus are used to define its fission barrier parameters. As a result of this approach, we are now able to provide consistent evaluations for a large series of isotopes. Of course, our new evaluations have been tested against integral data.

  10. Paper 5 : Surveillance of Multiple Congenital Anomalies: Implementation of a Computer Algorithm in European Registers for Classification of Cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Garne, Ester; Dolk, Helen; Loane, Maria; Wellesley, Diana; Barisic, Ingeborg; Calzolari, Elisa; Densem, James

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Surveillance of multiple congenital anomalies is considered to be more sensitive for the detection of new teratogens than surveillance of all or isolated congenital anomalies. Current literature proposes the manual review of all cases for classification into isolated or multiple congenit

  11. Paper 5: Surveillance of multiple congenital anomalies: implementation of a computer algorithm in European registers for classification of cases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garne, Ester; Dolk, Helen; Loane, Maria;

    2011-01-01

    Surveillance of multiple congenital anomalies is considered to be more sensitive for the detection of new teratogens than surveillance of all or isolated congenital anomalies. Current literature proposes the manual review of all cases for classification into isolated or multiple congenital anomal...

  12. Young people's risk of suicide attempts after contact with a psychiatric department - a nested case-control design using Danish register data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Erik; Juul Larsen, Kim

    2012-01-01

    Background:  There seems to be an increased risk of children and adolescents committing or attempting suicide after contact with a psychiatric department. Children and adolescents living in families with low socio-economic status (SES) might have an especially increased suicide attempt risk....... Methods:  A complete extraction of Danish register data for every individual born in the period 1983-1989 was made. Of these 403,431 individuals, 3,465 had attempted suicide. In order to control for confounder effects from gender, age and calendar-time, a nested case-control study was designed. A total...... population of 72,765 individuals was used to analyze the risk of suicide attempts after contact with a psychiatric department. The case-control data were analyzed using conditional logistic regression. Results:  This study shows that a child/adolescent's risk of suicide attempt peaks immediately after...

  13. Perceptions of Private Sector towards the Pollutant Release and Transfer Register: A Case Study on Petrochemical Industry in the Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate, Rayong, Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Kondo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Under the Rio Declaration and Agenda 21 from the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992 as well as other international agreements, Thailand is currently in the process of adopting the Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (PRTR through a pilot project in Rayong province with assistance from the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA. This research aimed to study perceptions of private sector towards the PRTR through a case study on petrochemical industry in the Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate. Through semi-structured questionnaires and in-depth interviews, the study found that the petrochemical industry viewed that benefits of the PRTR for the government and civil society is quite clear, while each petrochemical company has different understanding on such benefit for private sector to be as sustainable industrial management. Various incentive measures and concerns on the PRTR were also indicated in this study.

  14. Interrogation of the protein-protein interactions between human BRCA2 BRC repeats and RAD51 reveals atomistic determinants of affinity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Daniel J; Rajendra, Eeson; Roberts-Thomson, Meredith; Hardwick, Bryn; McKenzie, Grahame J; Payne, Mike C; Venkitaraman, Ashok R; Skylaris, Chris-Kriton

    2011-07-01

    The breast cancer suppressor BRCA2 controls the recombinase RAD51 in the reactions that mediate homologous DNA recombination, an essential cellular process required for the error-free repair of DNA double-stranded breaks. The primary mode of interaction between BRCA2 and RAD51 is through the BRC repeats, which are ∼35 residue peptide motifs that interact directly with RAD51 in vitro. Human BRCA2, like its mammalian orthologues, contains 8 BRC repeats whose sequence and spacing are evolutionarily conserved. Despite their sequence conservation, there is evidence that the different human BRC repeats have distinct capacities to bind RAD51. A previously published crystal structure reports the structural basis of the interaction between human BRC4 and the catalytic core domain of RAD51. However, no structural information is available regarding the binding of the remaining seven BRC repeats to RAD51, nor is it known why the BRC repeats show marked variation in binding affinity to RAD51 despite only subtle sequence variation. To address these issues, we have performed fluorescence polarisation assays to indirectly measure relative binding affinity, and applied computational simulations to interrogate the behaviour of the eight human BRC-RAD51 complexes, as well as a suite of BRC cancer-associated mutations. Our computational approaches encompass a range of techniques designed to link sequence variation with binding free energy. They include MM-PBSA and thermodynamic integration, which are based on classical force fields, and a recently developed approach to computing binding free energies from large-scale quantum mechanical first principles calculations with the linear-scaling density functional code onetep. Our findings not only reveal how sequence variation in the BRC repeats directly affects affinity with RAD51 and provide significant new insights into the control of RAD51 by human BRCA2, but also exemplify a palette of computational and experimental tools for the

  15. Interrogation of the protein-protein interactions between human BRCA2 BRC repeats and RAD51 reveals atomistic determinants of affinity.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel J Cole

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The breast cancer suppressor BRCA2 controls the recombinase RAD51 in the reactions that mediate homologous DNA recombination, an essential cellular process required for the error-free repair of DNA double-stranded breaks. The primary mode of interaction between BRCA2 and RAD51 is through the BRC repeats, which are ∼35 residue peptide motifs that interact directly with RAD51 in vitro. Human BRCA2, like its mammalian orthologues, contains 8 BRC repeats whose sequence and spacing are evolutionarily conserved. Despite their sequence conservation, there is evidence that the different human BRC repeats have distinct capacities to bind RAD51. A previously published crystal structure reports the structural basis of the interaction between human BRC4 and the catalytic core domain of RAD51. However, no structural information is available regarding the binding of the remaining seven BRC repeats to RAD51, nor is it known why the BRC repeats show marked variation in binding affinity to RAD51 despite only subtle sequence variation. To address these issues, we have performed fluorescence polarisation assays to indirectly measure relative binding affinity, and applied computational simulations to interrogate the behaviour of the eight human BRC-RAD51 complexes, as well as a suite of BRC cancer-associated mutations. Our computational approaches encompass a range of techniques designed to link sequence variation with binding free energy. They include MM-PBSA and thermodynamic integration, which are based on classical force fields, and a recently developed approach to computing binding free energies from large-scale quantum mechanical first principles calculations with the linear-scaling density functional code onetep. Our findings not only reveal how sequence variation in the BRC repeats directly affects affinity with RAD51 and provide significant new insights into the control of RAD51 by human BRCA2, but also exemplify a palette of computational and

  16. National Register Historic Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — The National Register Historic District layer is a shape file showing the boundaries of Historic Districts that are listed on the National Register of Historic...

  17. Interrogation of the protein-protein interactions between human BRCA2 BRC repeats and RAD51 reveals atomistic determinants of affinity

    OpenAIRE

    Cole, Daniel J.; Eeson Rajendra; Meredith Roberts-Thomson; Bryn Hardwick; Grahame J. McKenzie; Payne, Mike C.; Ashok R Venkitaraman; Chris-Kriton Skylaris

    2011-01-01

    The breast cancer suppressor BRCA2 controls the recombinase RAD51 in the reactions that mediate homologous DNA recombination, an essential cellular process required for the error-free repair of DNA double-stranded breaks. The primary mode of interaction between BRCA2 and RAD51 is through the BRC repeats, which are ~35 residue peptide motifs that interact directly with RAD51 in vitro. Human BRCA2, like its mammalian orthologues, contains 8 BRC repeats whose sequence and spacing are evolutionar...

  18. Design of potent inhibitors of human RAD51 recombinase based on BRC motifs of BRCA2 protein: modeling and experimental validation of a chimera peptide.

    KAUST Repository

    Nomme, Julian

    2010-08-01

    We have previously shown that a 28-amino acid peptide derived from the BRC4 motif of BRCA2 tumor suppressor inhibits selectively human RAD51 recombinase (HsRad51). With the aim of designing better inhibitors for cancer treatment, we combined an in silico docking approach with in vitro biochemical testing to construct a highly efficient chimera peptide from eight existing human BRC motifs. We built a molecular model of all BRC motifs complexed with HsRad51 based on the crystal structure of the BRC4 motif-HsRad51 complex, computed the interaction energy of each residue in each BRC motif, and selected the best amino acid residue at each binding position. This analysis enabled us to propose four amino acid substitutions in the BRC4 motif. Three of these increased the inhibitory effect in vitro, and this effect was found to be additive. We thus obtained a peptide that is about 10 times more efficient in inhibiting HsRad51-ssDNA complex formation than the original peptide.

  19. Arthroplasty register for Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hagen, Anja

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Scientific background: The annual number of joint replacement operations in Germany is high. The introduction of an arthroplasty register promises an important contribution to the improvement of the quality of patient’s care. Research questions: The presented report addresses the questions on organization and functioning, benefits and cost-benefits as well as on legal, ethical and social aspects of the arthroplasty registers. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted in September 2008 in the medical databases MEDLINE, EMBASE etc. and was complemented with a hand search. Documents describing arthroplasty registers and/or their relevance as well as papers on legal, ethical and social aspects of such registers were included in the evaluation. The most important information was extracted and analysed. Results: Data concerning 30 arthroplasty registers in 19 countries as well as one international arthroplasty register were identified. Most of the arthroplasty registers are maintained by national orthopedic societies, others by health authorities or by their cooperation. Mostly, registries are financially supported by governments and rarely by other sources.The participation of the orthopedists in the data collection process of the arthroplasty registry is voluntary in most countries. The consent of the patients is usually required. The unique patient identification is ensured in nearly all registers.Each data set consists of patient and clinic identification numbers, data on diagnosis, the performed intervention, the operation date and implanted prostheses. The use of clinical scores, patient-reported questionnaires and radiological documentation is rare. Methods for data documentation and transfer are paper form, electronic entry as well as scanning of the data using bar codes. The data are mostly being checked for their completeness and validity. Most registers offer results of the data evaluation to the treating orthopedists and

  20. Time-series analysis of monthly age-specific numbers of newly registered cases of active tuberculosis in Japan from 1998 to 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohei, Y; Sumi, A; Kobayashi, N

    2016-08-01

    We investigated the seasonality of age-specific tuberculosis (TB) in Japan. To allow the development of TB control strategies for different age groups we used a time-series analysis, including a spectral analysis and least squares method, to analyse the monthly age-specific numbers of newly registered cases of all forms of active TB in Japan from January 1998 to December 2013. The time-series data are reported in 10-year age groups: 0-9, 10-19, …, 70-79, and ⩾80 years. We defined the contribution ratio of the 1-year cycle, Q 1, as the contribution of the amplitude of a 1-year cycle to the whole amplitude of the time-series data. The Q 1 values in the age groups corresponding to adolescence and middle life (10-39 years) and old age (⩾70 years) were high. The peaks in the active TB epidemics for the ⩾70 years age group occurred in August and September, 1-2 months behind the peaks for the 10-39 years age group (June and July). An active TB epidemic might be attributable to travel by public transport and irregular employment in the 10-39 years age group and immune system suppression by low winter temperatures in the ⩾70 years age group. PMID:26979927

  1. The Danish Adoption Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Liselotte; Sørensen, Thorkild I A

    2011-01-01

    The Danish Adoption Register was established in 1963-1964 to explore the genetic and environmental contribution to familial aggregation of schizophrenia.......The Danish Adoption Register was established in 1963-1964 to explore the genetic and environmental contribution to familial aggregation of schizophrenia....

  2. The Danish Pathology Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Beth; Larsen, Ole B

    2011-01-01

    The National Board of Health, Denmark in 1997 published guidelines for reporting of pathology data and the Danish Pathology Register (DPR) was established.......The National Board of Health, Denmark in 1997 published guidelines for reporting of pathology data and the Danish Pathology Register (DPR) was established....

  3. Sequential star formation in a cometary globule (BRC37) of IC1396

    CERN Document Server

    Ikeda, Hisashi; Watanabe, Makoto; Fukuda, Naoya; Tamura, Motohide; Nakajima, Yasushi; Pickles, Andrew J; Nagashima, Chie; Nagayama, Takahiro; Nakaya, Hidehiko; Nakano, Makoto; Nagata, Tetsuya

    2008-01-01

    We have carried out near-IR/optical observations to examine star formation toward a bright-rimmed cometary globule (BRC37) facing the exciting star(s) of an HII region (IC1396) containing an IRAS source, which is considered to be an intermediate-mass protostar. With slit-less spectroscopy we detected ten H_alpha emission stars around the globule, six of which are near the tip of the globule and are aligned along the direction to the exciting stars. There is evidence that this alignment was originally towards an O9.5 star, but has evolved to align towards a younger O6 star when that formed. Near-IR and optical photometry suggests that four of these six stars are low-mass young stellar objects (YSOs) with masses of ~0.4 M_sun. Their estimated ages of ~1 Myr indicate that they were formed at the tip in advance of the formation of the IRAS source. Therefore, it is likely that sequential star formation has been taking place along the direction from the exciting stars towards the IRAS source, due to the UV impact o...

  4. Life expectancy at birth for people with serious mental illness and other major disorders from a secondary mental health care case register in London.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chin-Kuo Chang

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Despite improving healthcare, the gap in mortality between people with serious mental illness (SMI and general population persists, especially for younger age groups. The electronic database from a large and comprehensive secondary mental healthcare provider in London was utilized to assess the impact of SMI diagnoses on life expectancy at birth. METHOD: People who were diagnosed with SMI (schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, substance use disorder, and depressive episode/disorder before the end of 2009 and under active review by the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (SLAM in southeast London during 2007-09 comprised the sample, retrieved by the SLAM Case Register Interactive Search (CRIS system. We estimated life expectancy at birth for people with SMI and each diagnosis, from national mortality returns between 2007-09, using a life table method. RESULTS: A total of 31,719 eligible people, aged 15 years or older, with SMI were analyzed. Among them, 1,370 died during 2007-09. Compared to national figures, all disorders were associated with substantially lower life expectancy: 8.0 to 14.6 life years lost for men and 9.8 to 17.5 life years lost for women. Highest reductions were found for men with schizophrenia (14.6 years lost and women with schizoaffective disorders (17.5 years lost. CONCLUSION: The impact of serious mental illness on life expectancy is marked and generally higher than similarly calculated impacts of well-recognised adverse exposures such as smoking, diabetes and obesity. Strategies to identify and prevent causes of premature death are urgently required.

  5. Interprofessional Obstetric Ultrasound Education: Successful Development of Online Learning Modules; Case-Based Seminars; and Skills Labs for Registered and Advanced Practice Nurses, Midwives, Physicians, and Trainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw-Battista, Jenna; Young-Lin, Nichole; Bearman, Sage; Dau, Kim; Vargas, Juan

    2015-01-01

    Ultrasound is an important aid in the clinical diagnosis and management of normal and complicated pregnancy and childbirth. The technology is widely applied to maternity care in the United States, where comprehensive standard ultrasound examinations are routine. Targeted scans are common and used for an increasing number of clinical indications due to emerging research and a greater availability of equipment with better image resolution at lower cost. These factors contribute to an increased demand for obstetric ultrasound education among students and providers of maternity care, despite a paucity of data to inform education program design and evaluation. To meet this demand, from 2012 to 2015 the University of California, San Francisco nurse-midwifery education program developed and implemented an interprofessional obstetric ultrasound course focused on clinical applications commonly managed by maternity care providers from different professions and disciplines. The course included matriculating students in nursing and medicine, as well as licensed practitioners such as registered and advanced practice nurses, midwives, and physicians and residents in obstetrics and gynecology and family medicine. After completing 10 online modules with a pre- and posttest of knowledge and interprofessional competencies related to teamwork and communication, trainees attended a case-based seminar and hands-on skills practicum with pregnant volunteers. The course aimed to establish a foundation for further supervised clinical training prior to independent practice of obstetric ultrasound. Course development was informed by professional guidelines and clinical and education research literature. This article describes the foundations, with a review of the challenges and solutions encountered in obstetric ultrasound education development and implementation. Our experience will inform educators who wish to facilitate obstetric ultrasound competency development among new and experienced

  6. Interprofessional Obstetric Ultrasound Education: Successful Development of Online Learning Modules; Case-Based Seminars; and Skills Labs for Registered and Advanced Practice Nurses, Midwives, Physicians, and Trainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw-Battista, Jenna; Young-Lin, Nichole; Bearman, Sage; Dau, Kim; Vargas, Juan

    2015-01-01

    Ultrasound is an important aid in the clinical diagnosis and management of normal and complicated pregnancy and childbirth. The technology is widely applied to maternity care in the United States, where comprehensive standard ultrasound examinations are routine. Targeted scans are common and used for an increasing number of clinical indications due to emerging research and a greater availability of equipment with better image resolution at lower cost. These factors contribute to an increased demand for obstetric ultrasound education among students and providers of maternity care, despite a paucity of data to inform education program design and evaluation. To meet this demand, from 2012 to 2015 the University of California, San Francisco nurse-midwifery education program developed and implemented an interprofessional obstetric ultrasound course focused on clinical applications commonly managed by maternity care providers from different professions and disciplines. The course included matriculating students in nursing and medicine, as well as licensed practitioners such as registered and advanced practice nurses, midwives, and physicians and residents in obstetrics and gynecology and family medicine. After completing 10 online modules with a pre- and posttest of knowledge and interprofessional competencies related to teamwork and communication, trainees attended a case-based seminar and hands-on skills practicum with pregnant volunteers. The course aimed to establish a foundation for further supervised clinical training prior to independent practice of obstetric ultrasound. Course development was informed by professional guidelines and clinical and education research literature. This article describes the foundations, with a review of the challenges and solutions encountered in obstetric ultrasound education development and implementation. Our experience will inform educators who wish to facilitate obstetric ultrasound competency development among new and experienced

  7. IT Risk register

    OpenAIRE

    Kohout, Karel

    2011-01-01

    The theoretical part of the thesis analyzes several selected methodologies and best-practices related to information technology risks management, with focus on documents and guidance developed by ISACA. It builds a set of ideas and basic requirements for effective model of an IT risk register. Strong emphasis is placed on mapping CobiT 4.1 based Risk IT to COBIT 5. The practical part describes implementation of an exploratory web-based IT risk register in Python programming language utilizing...

  8. Arthroplasty register for Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Hagen, Anja; Gorenoi, Vitali; Schönermark, Matthias P.

    2009-01-01

    Scientific background The annual number of joint replacement operations in Germany is high. The introduction of an arthroplasty register promises an important contribution to the improvement of the quality of patient's care. Research questions The presented report addresses the questions on organization and functioning, benefits and cost-benefits as well as on legal, ethical and social aspects of the arthroplasty registers. Methods A systematic literature search ...

  9. Validation of a cerebral palsy register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Topp, Monica Wedell; Langhoff-Roos, J; Uldall, P

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To analyse completeness and validity of data in the Cerebral Palsy Register in Denmark, 1979-1982. METHODS: Completeness has been assessed by comparing data from The Danish National Patient Register (DNPR) with the cases included in the Cerebral Palsy Register (CPR). Agreement between......, but gestational age was subject to a systematic error, and urinary infections in pregnancy (kappa = 0.43) and placental abruption (kappa = 0.52) were seriously under-reported in the CPR. CONCLUSIONS: Completeness of the Cerebral Palsy Register in Denmark, 1979-1982, has been assessed to maximal 85%, emphasizing...

  10. The Pediatric Cataract Register (PECARE)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haargaard, Birgitte; Nyström, Alf; Rosensvärd, Annika;

    2015-01-01

    examination with a pencil light at age 5 weeks, whereas newborn red reflex examination using a handheld ophthalmoscope is routine protocol in Swedish maternity wards. Data regarding age of referral were derived from the Pediatric Cataract Register (PECARE). All children operated on before 1 year of age...... between January 2008 and December 2012 were included. Statistical comparison of the different screening strategies was made. RESULTS: The number of children undergoing surgery for congenital cataract before 1 year of age was 31 (17 bilateral cases) in Denmark and 92 (38 bilateral cases) in Sweden...... with red reflex examination, congenital cataract in Swedish children is detected significantly earlier than in Danish children....

  11. 苏云金芽胞杆菌BRC-HZP7杀虫晶体蛋白多样性分析%ICPs polymorphism of Bacillus thuringiensis BRC-HZP7

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙莉; 章淘; 黄张敏; 黄志鹏; 关雄

    2011-01-01

    Bacillus thuringiensis strain BRC-HZP7 was isolated from the soil of Wuyi mountain, which exhibited the high activity a-gainst Plutella xylostella larvae and Spodoptera exigua larvae. Biochemical reactions were tested for its biological characters. The cry gene types and their encoded proteins of BRC-HZP7 were identified by the methods of PCR-RFLP, SDS-PAGE and PMF. The results showed that cry1Aa, crylBa, cry1Ia, cry2Ab, cry2Ac and cry2Ae existed in BRC-HZP7. Eight interesting protein bands were picked out to analyze further by MALDI-TOF/MS. PMF matching analysis results showed that band 3,6,7,8 were ICPs. The band 6,7,8 were identified as Cry2Aa, Cry1Aa, Cry1Ba, respectively. The band 3 was possible partial fragment of Cry1Ba. The strain with abundant ICPs would be a good resource in pest biocontrol.%分离自武夷山土壤的苏云金芽胞杆菌BRC-HZP7菌株对小菜蛾和甜菜夜蛾幼虫有较好的毒杀作用.对该菌株进行了生理生化测定、cry基因的PCR-RFLP检测,以及通过SDS-PAGE检测晶体蛋白,并对蛋白点进行肽段指纹图谱鉴定.结果表明该菌株含有cry1Aa、cry1 Ba、cry1 Ia、cry2Ab、cry2Ac、cry2Ae等6种cry基因.从选取的8个蛋白条带肽段指纹图谱可以看出:标记3、6、7、8的4个蛋白点都是杀虫晶体蛋白,蛋白点6、7、8分别鉴定为Cry2Aa、Cry1 Aa、Cry1 Ba,蛋白点3可能是Cry1Ba的部分片段.表明该菌株有丰富的ICP资源,可作为杀虫应用的候选菌株.

  12. A Case Study of Connecticut Community Colleges Nursing Programs to Describe Gerontological Content Inclusion in Associate Degree Registered Nursing Programs Using an Educational Curriculum Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Leslie J.

    2013-01-01

    The population of adults over age 65 must have competently prepared registered nurses to meet their current and future health care needs. There is a societal component in nursing to ensure that all nurses have the content, skills, and strategies, which includes a focus on basic gerontology preparation. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive…

  13. Young People's Risk of Suicide Attempts after Contact with a Psychiatric Department--A Nested Case-Control Design Using Danish Register Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christiansen, Erik; Larsen, Kim Juul

    2012-01-01

    Background: There seems to be an increased risk of children and adolescents committing or attempting suicide after contact with a psychiatric department. Children and adolescents living in families with low socio-economic status (SES) might have an especially increased suicide attempt risk. Methods: A complete extraction of Danish register data…

  14. Hello! Are You Registered?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Institute for Political/Legal Education, Sewell, NJ.

    Organizational procedures and appropriate forms for high school students to conduct a community survey of non-registered voters are provided. Duties for student coordinator, field staff, and clerical staff are described and a flow chart depicts the relationship of personnel to one another and to the community. Students are instructed to notify…

  15. The Danish heart register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abildstrøm, Steen Z; Madsen, Mette

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: The Danish Heart Register (DHR) is a clinical database of invasive procedures within cardiology. Content: All providers of these procedures have been obliged to report to DHR since 2000. DHR is used to monitor the activity and quality of the procedures and serves as a data source...

  16. The Danish Education Registers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Vibeke Myrup; Rasmussen, Astrid Würtz

    Collection of systematic information on education is a long established practice in Denmark. Since 1910, the Danish Ministry of Education's annual reports collects information about individual-level test scores in e.g. compulsory schooling. Today, several registers from compulsory schooling...

  17. Register for Suicide Attempts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Erik; Jensen, Børge Frank

    2004-01-01

    The Register for Suicide Attempts (RSA) is a product of the WHO research project "WHO/Euro Multicentre Study on Parasuicide", which, among other things, had the purpose of collecting data on suicide attempts from 13 European countries. Data is collected in order to calculate trends and identify...

  18. Interrogation of the Protein-Protein Interactions between Human BRCA2 BRC Repeats and RAD51 Reveals Atomistic Determinants of Affinity

    OpenAIRE

    Cole, Daniel J.; Rajendra, Eeson; Roberts-Thomson, Meredith; Hardwick, Bryn; Grahame J. McKenzie; Payne, Mike C.; Ashok R Venkitaraman; Skylaris, Chris-Kriton

    2011-01-01

    The breast cancer suppressor BRCA2 controls the recombinase RAD51 in the reactions that mediate homologous DNA recombination, an essential cellular process required for the error-free repair of DNA double-stranded breaks. The primary mode of interaction between BRCA2 and RAD51 is through the BRC repeats, which are ∼35 residue peptide motifs that interact directly with RAD51 in vitro. Human BRCA2, like its mammalian orthologues, contains 8 BRC repeats whose sequence and spacing are evolutionar...

  19. Register file soft error recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleischer, Bruce M.; Fox, Thomas W.; Wait, Charles D.; Muff, Adam J.; Watson, III, Alfred T.

    2013-10-15

    Register file soft error recovery including a system that includes a first register file and a second register file that mirrors the first register file. The system also includes an arithmetic pipeline for receiving data read from the first register file, and error detection circuitry to detect whether the data read from the first register file includes corrupted data. The system further includes error recovery circuitry to insert an error recovery instruction into the arithmetic pipeline in response to detecting the corrupted data. The inserted error recovery instruction replaces the corrupted data in the first register file with a copy of the data from the second register file.

  20. Systematic register of nuclear accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Systematic Register of Nuclear Accidents is a consolidation of important accidents occurred in the world during the period 1945-1984. Important accidents can be defined as those involving high radiation doses, which require the exposed individuals to undergo medical treatment. The organization and structuring of this register rests on the necessity for the availability of a database specifically oriented to researchers interested in studying the different nuclear accidents reported. Approximately 150 accidents in that period are presented in a summary form; these accidents had been described or reported in the scientific literature or made known through informal communications of Brazilian and foreign institutions and researchers. This register can be of interest particularly to all professionals who either directly of indirectly work in the area of nuclear or radioactive installations safety. In order to facilitate analysis by the researcher, that casuistic system was divided into 3 groups: criticality accidents (table I), fall-out on Marshall Islands (table II) and external irradiation accidents (table III). It is also included an overview of accidents in that period, indicating the total number of victims, fatal cases, and number of survivors. The author offers to the reader an extensive bibliography on the accidents described. (Author)

  1. Israeli registered nurse workforce

    OpenAIRE

    Glazer Greer

    2012-01-01

    Abstract This commentary on the article by Nirel, Riba, Reicher and Toren, "Registered nurses in Israel - workforce employment characteristics and projected supply", describes major findings from this important Israeli study and links findings to other nursing workforce studies worldwide. Israeli projections include a 25% decrease in RNs in the workforce by 2028; the greater likelihood of leaving the progression of young nurses compared to older nurses, and the greater likelihood of leaving t...

  2. Register / Andri Ksenofontov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ksenofontov, Andri, 1962-

    2007-01-01

    Näitused: Eesti Kujundusgraafikute Liidu aastanäitus "Register 2007" Kunstihoone galeriis, Signe Kivi "Võimuvaibad ja vaimukleidid" Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis, "Kehaturg / Sex market" (Dagmar Kase, Eveli Variku tööd) Tallinna Kunstihoones, Andrei Maksimjuki "Surematu klassika" Ühispanga galeriis, Katrin Veegeni "Varsti" A-galeriis, Eda Lõhmuse "Ülespoole" ja Rein Kelpmani "Grosso modo" ArtDepoo Galeriis, Jaan Elkeni "Valge valgus" Galeriis 008, Paul Rodgersi "Transplants" Hobusepea galeriis, Masayo Ave "Haptic Interface Design" Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis ja workshop Eesti Kunstiakadeemias

  3. [Food Security in Europe: comparison between the "Hygiene Package" and the British Retail Consortium (BRC) & International Food Standard (IFS) protocols].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stilo, A; Parisi, S; Delia, S; Anastasi, F; Bruno, G; Laganà, P

    2009-01-01

    The birth of Hygiene Package and of the Reg. CE no 2073/2005 in the food production field signalled a change in Italy. This process started in Italy in 1997 with the legislative decree no 155 on Self-control but in reality, it was implemented in the UK in 1990 with the promulgation of the Food Safety Act. This legal act was influenced by some basic rules corresponding to the application of HACCP standards. Since 1990 the British chains of distribution (Retailers) have involved all aspects of the food line in this type of responsibility. Due to this growing awareness for a need for greater regulation, a protocol, edited by British Retail Consortium was created in 1998. This protocol acted as a "stamp" of approval for food products and it is now known as the BRC Global Food Standard. In July 2008, this protocol became effective in its fifth version. After the birth of BRC, also French and German Retailers have established a standard practically equivalent and perhaps more pertinent to safety food, that is International Food Standard (IFS). The new approach is specific to the food field and strictly applies criteria which will ensure "safety, quality and legality" of food products, similarly to ISO 22000:2005 (mainly based on BRC & IFS past experiences). New standards aim to create a sort of green list with fully "proper and fit" Suppliers only, because of comprehensible exigencies of Retailers. It is expected, as we have shown, that Auditor authorities who are responsible for ensuring that inspections are now carried out like the Hygiene Package, will find these new standards useful. The advantages of streamlining this system is that it will allow enterprises to diligently enforce food safety practices without fear of upset or legal consequence, to improve the quality (HACCP) of management & traceability system; to restrict wastes, reprocessing and withdrawal of products. However some discordances about the interpretation of certain sub-field norms (e.g., water

  4. Register-based studies of cardiovascular disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abildstrøm, Steen Z; Torp-Pedersen, Christian; Madsen, Mette

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: The use of the unique personal identification number in the Nordic database systems enables the researchers to link the registers at the individual level. The registers can be used for both defining specific patient populations and to identify later events during follow-up. This rev...... the hospitalisation rate and treatment of cardiovascular disease. The risk of unmeasured factors affecting the results calls for cautious interpretation of the results.......-up. This review gives three examples within cardiovascular epidemiology to illustrate the use of the national administrative registers available to all researchers upon request. Research topics: The hospitalisation rate of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was expected to be increased and case-fatality rate......-based treatment increased significantly over time and adherence to treatment was high. Finally, use of specific nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs by healthy subjects was associated with a dose-dependent increase in cardiovascular risk. CONCLUSION: The nationwide registers have proven very useful in monitoring...

  5. National Esophageal Atresia Register.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sfeir, Rony; Michaud, Laurent; Sharma, Duyti; Richard, Florence; Gottrand, Frédéric

    2015-12-01

    National Esophageal Atresia was created in 2008 by the National Reference Center for Esophageal Congenital Abnormalities created in 2006. Primary goal was estimation of live birth prevalence in France. A national network of surgeons and pediatricians was initiated and entire teams dealing with esophageal atresia accepted to participate in an exhaustive national register. A questionnaire was validated by a national committee and data were centralized in our center. Scientific exploitation showed that such database is useful for health authorities as for medical professionals. Live birth prevalence in France is at 1.9/10,000 births. Prenatal diagnosis is more common but its effect on prevalence is not yet fully understood. Associated congenital abnormalities are frequent and major malformations with termination of pregnancy can influence prevalence. PMID:26642387

  6. Clonging of BrcCUC3 from Brassica rapa ssp.chinensis and Its Effect on Leaf Morphology and Inflorescence Structure%白菜NAC转录因子BrcCUC3基因克隆及其对叶缘和主枝发育的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠麦侠; 张鲁刚; 余祥; 王晗; 白金娟; 何玉科

    2012-01-01

    植物NAC (矮牵牛NAM基因、拟南芥ATAF1/2和CUC2基因)转录因子CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON(CUC)亚家族成员在植物茎尖分生组织形态建成、器官边界分离、叶发育方面发挥着重要作用.采用基因同源克隆的方法获得了白菜(Brassica rapa ssp.chinensis)基因BrcCUC3,并转化拟南芥(Arabidopsis thaliana)做了初步的功能鉴定.研究结果表明,白菜Brc CUC3的编码区长1 008 bp,编码335个氨基酸,基因结构分析显示BrcCUC3包含3个外显子、2个内含子,内含子剪接位点符合GT-AG规则.氨基酸序列分析表明,BrcCUC3蛋白具有典型的植物NAC domain结构域.BrcCUC3编码区氨基酸序列与其它植物的CUC3蛋白有很高的一致性,尤其与甘蓝(Brasica oleracea)、萝卜(Raphanus sativus)和拟南芥CUC3蛋白高度一致,一致性分别达到98%,97%和83%.在不同物种CUC3的系统进化树上,BrcCUC3归属于双子叶植物分支的十字花科亚组,由不同植物20条CUC3编码区氨基酸序列所建立的系统进化树与真实的植物进化基本一致.荧光定量PCR分析结果表明,BrcCUC3在白菜叶深裂株系叶片中的表达量比叶全缘叶片中的高.利用根癌农杆菌(A grobacterium tumefaciens)浸花法转化拟南芥,获得了转BrcCUC3基因的拟南芥植株.过表达BrcCUC3的转基因拟南芥呈现叶缘出现裂刻、主枝增加的新表型.初步说明该基因参与叶形和主枝的发育调控,为揭示白菜叶形发育分子调控机制和通过基因工程创制植物叶形新种质提供分子依据.%CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON(CUC), members of the NAC family of transcription factors (such as NAM in Petunia hybrida, ATAF1/2 and CUC2 in Arabidopsis lhaliana) play an important role in shoot apical meristem (SAM) construction, organ separation and leaf development. BrcCUC3 was cloned from the non-heading Chinese cabbag (Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis) by the method of homologous sequence amplification and transformed into Arabidopsis thcdiana

  7. Long-term exposure to air pollution and hospital admissions for ischemic stroke. A register-based case-control study using modelled NOx as exposure proxy

    OpenAIRE

    Oudin, Anna; Stroh, Emilie; Strömberg, Ulf; Jakobsson, Kristina; Björk, Jonas

    2009-01-01

    Background Long-term exposure to air pollution is a hypothesized risk factor for ischemic stroke. In a large case-control study with a complete study base, we investigated whether hospital admissions for ischemic stroke were associated with residential concentrations of outdoor NOx, as a proxy for exposure to air pollution, in the region of Scania, Southern Sweden. Methods We used a two-phase case-control study design, including as first-phase controls all individuals born between 1923 and 19...

  8. Universal Verification Methodology Based Register Test Automation Flow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Jae Hun; Cho, Yong Kwan; Park, Sun Kyu

    2016-05-01

    In today's SoC design, the number of registers has been increased along with complexity of hardware blocks. Register validation is a time-consuming and error-pron task. Therefore, we need an efficient way to perform verification with less effort in shorter time. In this work, we suggest register test automation flow based UVM (Universal Verification Methodology). UVM provides a standard methodology, called a register model, to facilitate stimulus generation and functional checking of registers. However, it is not easy for designers to create register models for their functional blocks or integrate models in test-bench environment because it requires knowledge of SystemVerilog and UVM libraries. For the creation of register models, many commercial tools support a register model generation from register specification described in IP-XACT, but it is time-consuming to describe register specification in IP-XACT format. For easy creation of register model, we propose spreadsheet-based register template which is translated to IP-XACT description, from which register models can be easily generated using commercial tools. On the other hand, we also automate all the steps involved integrating test-bench and generating test-cases, so that designers may use register model without detailed knowledge of UVM or SystemVerilog. This automation flow involves generating and connecting test-bench components (e.g., driver, checker, bus adaptor, etc.) and writing test sequence for each type of register test-case. With the proposed flow, designers can save considerable amount of time to verify functionality of registers. PMID:27483924

  9. Portable shift register

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An electronics package for a small, battery-operated, self-contained, neutron coincidence counter based on a portable shift-register (PSR) has been developed. The counter was developed for applications not adequately addressed by commercial packages, including in-plant measurements to demonstrate compliance with regulations (domestic and international), in-plant process control, and in-field measurements (environmental monitoring or safeguards). Our package's features, which address these applications, include the following: Small size for portability and ease of installation;battery or mains operation; a built-in battery to power the unit and a typical detector such as a small sample counter, for over 6 h if power lines are bad or noisy, if there is a temporary absence of power, or if portability is desired; complete support, including bias, for standard neutron detectors; a powerful communications package to easily facilitate robust external control over a serial port; and a C-library to simplify creating external control programs in computers or other controllers. Whereas the PSR specifically addresses the applications mentioned above, it also performs all the measurements made by previous electronics packages for neutron coincidence counters developed at Los Alamos and commercialized. The PSR electronics package, exclusive of carrying handle, is 8 by 10 by 20 cm; it contains the circuit boards, battery, and bias supply and weighs less than 2 kg. This instrument package is the second in an emerging family of portable measurement instruments being developed; the first was the Miniature and Modular Multichannel Analyzer (M3CA). The PSR makes extensive use of hardware and software developed for the M3CA; like the M3CA, it is intended primarily for use with an external controller interfaced over a serial channel

  10. Evaluation of smoking status identification using electronic health records and open-text information in a large mental health case register.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Yi Wu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: High smoking prevalence is a major public health concern for people with mental disorders. Improved monitoring could be facilitated through electronic health record (EHR databases. We evaluated whether EHR information held in structured fields might be usefully supplemented by open-text information. The prevalence and correlates of EHR-derived current smoking in people with severe mental illness were also investigated. METHODS: All cases had been referred to a secondary mental health service between 2008-2011 and received a diagnosis of schizophreniform or bipolar disorder. The study focused on those aged over 15 years who had received active care from the mental health service for at least a year (N=1,555. The 'CRIS-IE-Smoking' application used General Architecture for Text Engineering (GATE natural language processing software to extract smoking status information from open-text fields. A combination of CRIS-IE-Smoking with data from structured fields was evaluated for coverage and the prevalence and demographic correlates of current smoking were analysed. RESULTS: Proportions of patients with recorded smoking status increased from 11.6% to 64.0% through supplementing structured fields with CRIS-IE-Smoking data. The prevalence of current smoking was 59.6% in these 995 cases for whom this information was available. After adjustment, younger age (below 65 years, male sex, and non-cohabiting status were associated with current smoking status. CONCLUSIONS: A natural language processing application substantially improved routine EHR data on smoking status above structured fields alone and could thus be helpful in improving monitoring of this lifestyle behaviour. However, limited information on smoking status remained a challenge.

  11. The Danish National Patient Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lynge, Elsebeth; Sandegaard, Jakob Lynge; Rebolj, Matejka

    2011-01-01

    The Danish National Patient Register (NPR) was established in 1977, and it is considered to be the finest of its kind internationally.......The Danish National Patient Register (NPR) was established in 1977, and it is considered to be the finest of its kind internationally....

  12. The Right of Equality of Employment under the Household Register Discrimination---Taking the “First Case of Household Register Discrimination in Our Country”as an Example%户籍歧视下的平等就业权--以“户籍歧视第一案”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛正英

    2015-01-01

    Labor is a constitutional right of citizens, but also an obligation. The right of equality of employment is a reflection of the right to life, but also a kind of basic human rights. Our legal system for protection of workers’ right of employment equality is a flew, and for violation of equal employment act is not only a limited list of them in the form of regulation, but the lack of appropriate legal responsibility. Household register discrimination was not known to the public acts expressly provided in the law. "The first case of household register discrimination"placed the employment discrimination under the public eyes once again, as well as expose the shortcomings of labor laws. Therefore, the modification and improvement of the law should be done urgently.%劳动权是宪法赋予公民的一项基本权利。平等就业权是保障人生存权利的一种体现,也是基本人权的一种。我国的法律体系中对于保障劳动者平等就业权的条文并不多,且对于违反平等就业权的行为也仅仅是以有限列举的形式加以规制,且缺乏相应的法律责任。户籍歧视这一被公众所熟知的行为并未在法律中明文规定。“国内户籍歧视第一案”再次将以户籍歧视为代表的就业歧视行为置于公众的视野下,也暴露了我国现有劳动法律的不足,法律的修改和完善刻不容缓。

  13. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in noncoding regions of Rad51C do not change the risk of unselected breast cancer but they modulate the level of oxidative stress and the DNA damage characteristics: a case-control study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Gresner

    Full Text Available Deleterious and missense mutations of RAD51C have recently been suggested to modulate the individual susceptibility to hereditary breast and ovarian cancer and unselected ovarian cancer, but not unselected breast cancer (BrC. We enrolled 132 unselected BrC females and 189 cancer-free female subjects to investigate whether common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs in non-coding regions of RAD51C modulate the risk of BrC, and whether they affect the level of oxidative stress and the extent/characteristics of DNA damage. Neither SNPs nor reconstructed haplotypes were found to significantly affect the unselected BrC risk. Contrary to this, carriers of rs12946522, rs16943176, rs12946397 and rs17222691 rare-alleles were found to present significantly increased level of blood plasma TBARS compared to respective wild-type homozygotes (p<0.05. Furthermore, these carriers showed significantly decreased fraction of oxidatively generated DNA damage (34% of total damaged DNA in favor of DNA strand breakage, with no effect on total DNA damage, unlike respective wild-types, among which more evenly distributed proportions between oxidatively damaged DNA (48% of total DNA damage and DNA strand breakage was found (p<0.0005 for the difference. Such effects were found among both the BrC cases and healthy subjects, indicating that they cannot be assumed as causal factors contributing to BrC development.

  14. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in noncoding regions of Rad51C do not change the risk of unselected breast cancer but they modulate the level of oxidative stress and the DNA damage characteristics: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gresner, Peter; Gromadzinska, Jolanta; Jablonska, Ewa; Stepnik, Maciej; Zambrano Quispe, Oscar; Twardowska, Ewa; Wasowicz, Wojciech

    2014-01-01

    Deleterious and missense mutations of RAD51C have recently been suggested to modulate the individual susceptibility to hereditary breast and ovarian cancer and unselected ovarian cancer, but not unselected breast cancer (BrC). We enrolled 132 unselected BrC females and 189 cancer-free female subjects to investigate whether common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in non-coding regions of RAD51C modulate the risk of BrC, and whether they affect the level of oxidative stress and the extent/characteristics of DNA damage. Neither SNPs nor reconstructed haplotypes were found to significantly affect the unselected BrC risk. Contrary to this, carriers of rs12946522, rs16943176, rs12946397 and rs17222691 rare-alleles were found to present significantly increased level of blood plasma TBARS compared to respective wild-type homozygotes (p<0.05). Furthermore, these carriers showed significantly decreased fraction of oxidatively generated DNA damage (34% of total damaged DNA) in favor of DNA strand breakage, with no effect on total DNA damage, unlike respective wild-types, among which more evenly distributed proportions between oxidatively damaged DNA (48% of total DNA damage) and DNA strand breakage was found (p<0.0005 for the difference). Such effects were found among both the BrC cases and healthy subjects, indicating that they cannot be assumed as causal factors contributing to BrC development. PMID:25343521

  15. Danish registers on aspects of reproduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blenstrup, Lene Tølbøll; Knudsen, Lisbeth B.

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: The establishing of three Danish population based registers, namely the Fertility Database, the Register of Legally Induced Abortions and the In Vitro Fertilisation register aimed at providing data for surveying of reproductive outcome. Content: The registers include information on...

  16. Assessment of DNA binding to human Rad51 protein by using quartz crystal microbalance and atomic force microscopy: effects of ADP and BRC4-28 peptide inhibitor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esnault, Charles; Renodon-Cornière, Axelle; Takahashi, Masayuki; Casse, Nathalie; Delorme, Nicolas; Louarn, Guy; Fleury, Fabrice; Pilard, Jean-François; Chénais, Benoît

    2014-12-01

    The interaction of human Rad51 protein (HsRad51) with single-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (ssDNA) was investigated by using quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) monitoring and atomic force microscopy (AFM) visualization. Gold surfaces for QCM and AFM were modified by electrografting of the in situ generated aryldiazonium salt from the sulfanilic acid to obtain the organic layer Au-ArSO3 H. The Au-ArSO3 H layer was activated by using a solution of PCl5 in CH2 Cl2 to give a Au-ArSO2 Cl layer. The modified surface was then used to immobilize long ssDNA molecules. The results obtained showed that the presence of adenosine diphosphate promotes the protein autoassociation rather than nucleation around DNA. In addition, when the BRC4-28 peptide inhibitor was used, both QCM and AFM confirmed the inhibitory effect of BRC4-28 toward HsRad51 autoassociation. Altogether these results show the suitability of this modified surface to investigate the kinetics and structure of DNA-protein interactions and for the screening of inhibitors.

  17. China's Economy Registered Moderate Slowdown

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ The Chinese economy registered a moderate slowdown over the course of 2011, the World Bank said in its East Asia and Pacific Economic Update.During the first nine months of 2011, growth slowed from 10.6 percent in 2010 to 9.4 percent.The bank estimates that China's economic growth is expected at 9.1 percent in 2011, 8.4 percent in 2012 and roughly similar rates thereafter.

  18. The Copenhagen School Health Records Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baker, Jennifer L; Sørensen, Thorkild I A

    2011-01-01

    The Copenhagen School Health Records Register is an electronic register of health examination information on 372,636 children who attended school in Copenhagen, Denmark from 1936 to 2005.......The Copenhagen School Health Records Register is an electronic register of health examination information on 372,636 children who attended school in Copenhagen, Denmark from 1936 to 2005....

  19. Registers of multiple sclerosis in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch-Henriksen, N; Magyari, M; Laursen, B

    2015-01-01

    There are two nationwide population-based registers for multiple sclerosis (MS) in Denmark. The oldest register is The Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry (DMSR), which is an epidemiological register for estimation of prevalence and incidence of MS and survival, and for identifying exposures earlier...... between a number of different environmental exposures in the past and the subsequent risk of MS. Some of these studies have been able to exonerate suspected risk factors. The other register, the nationwide Danish Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Register, is a follow-up register for all patients who have...

  20. Deviation of Register in English Talk Shows

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺静

    2016-01-01

    Halliday's register theory and G. Leech's deviation of register are the general knowledge of the topic in the academic field. This paper focuses on connection between deviation of register and humorous effects in English talk shows. The significance of this paper is to put this theory in broader use and to help English learners better understand western humor and talk shows.

  1. Register Analysis of English for housekeeping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀娟

    2006-01-01

    @@ Introduction Register is one of the cores of Functive Linguistics. It offers three decisive factors in language, that is, Field, Tenor and Mode. This paper plans to say something on the theory of register and analyze a short passage from the point of register.

  2. The national dose register in Finland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Finnish Dose Register includes exposure data for all workers engaged in radiation work. These data already cover a period of almost 50 y. The earliest data in the register apply to workers in health care, research and industry. Data on nuclear power plant workers have been recorded since 1977 and data on air crews since 2001. The Dose Register is an extensive national register with doses currently recorded for more than 15 000 workers annually. This paper presents the content and structure of the register, together with recently completed and forthcoming reforms. It also describes how the recorded data are used in the regulatory control of radiation practices. (authors)

  3. Treatment-seeking patients with binge-eating disorder in the Swedish national registers: clinical course and psychiatric comorbidity

    OpenAIRE

    Welch, Elisabeth; Jangmo, Andreas; Thornton, Laura M.; Norring, Claes; von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Yvonne; Herman, Barry K.; Pawaskar, Manjiri; Larsson, Henrik; Bulik, Cynthia M.

    2016-01-01

    Background We linked extensive longitudinal data from the Swedish national eating disorders quality registers and patient registers to explore clinical characteristics at diagnosis, diagnostic flux, psychiatric comorbidity, and suicide attempts in 850 individuals diagnosed with binge-eating disorder (BED). Method Cases were all individuals who met criteria for BED in the quality registers (N = 850). We identified 10 controls for each identified case from the Multi-Generation Register matched ...

  4. A General Review of Register Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王航

    2014-01-01

    <正>Register theory is important in the study of linguistic.It is developed by Halliday who defined it as a variety of language according to use.According to Halliday,language is strained by three variables:field,tenor and mode,which are the three variables of register.Nowadays,more and more researchers are focusing on the application of register theory on specific English

  5. Registered File Support for Critical Operations Files at SIRTF

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turek, G.; Handley, T.; Jacobson, J.; Rector, J.

    The SIRTF Science Center's (SSC) Science Operations System (SOS) has to contend with nearly one hundred critical operations files via comprehensive file management services. The management is accomplished via the registered file system (otherwise known as TFS) which manages these files in a registered file repository composed of a virtual file system accessible via a TFS server and a file registration database. The TFS server provides controlled, reliable, and secure file transfer and storage by registering all file transactions and meta-data in the file registration database. An API is provided for application programs to communicate with TFS servers and the repository. A command line client implementing this API has been developed as a client tool. This paper describes the architecture, current implementation, and more importantly, the evolution of these services based on evolving community use cases and emerging information system technology.

  6. Isolation and Identification of Serratia sp.Strain BRC-CXG2 and Synergism of Its Crude Extraction to Bacillus thuringiensis%沙雷氏菌菌株BRC-CXG2的分离、鉴定及其粗提物对苏云金芽胞杆菌的增效作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴松青; 陈思琪; 陈小刚; 熊悦婷; 李苹; 伍忠玲; 郭雅洁; 胡霞; 梁光红

    2015-01-01

    沙雷氏菌属(Serratia sp.)中的许多菌株是一些昆虫的机会致病菌,具有一定的杀虫活性.本研究通过从患败血症的松墨天牛(Monochamus alternatus Hope)尸体中分离出一株BRC-CXG2菌株(KT366770),并对该菌株进行形态学鉴定、16S rDNA系统发育分析、生理生化反应、药敏分析以及生物测定.结果表明,分离的菌株BRC-CXG2属于沙雷氏菌属的一种新种,且对头孢哌酮、头孢噻肟、头孢他啶等常见药物具有不同程度的敏感性,其中提取的灵杆菌素对苏云金芽胞杆菌以色列亚种(Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis,Bti)LLP29胞晶混合液杀埃及伊蚊(Aedes aegypti)活性具有显著增效作用(共毒系数为128.06).本研究为开发Bt增效剂及构建新型工程菌提供了理论基础.

  7. "Legal Language": Varieties, Genres, Registers, Discourses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurzon, Dennis

    1997-01-01

    Analyzes classification of "legal language," clarifying terms such as "variety,""genre,""register," and "discourse," and related issues in languages for special purposes, particularly as they apply to professions. Argues that "genre," not "register," is the most appropriate term for legal language, and that study of legal discourse should focus on…

  8. Register-based studies of healthcare costs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kruse, Marie; Christiansen, Terkel

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of this paper is to provide an overview and a few examples of how national registers are used in analyses of healthcare costs in Denmark. Research topics: The paper focuses on health economic analyses based on register data. For the sake of simplicity, the studies are divided...... into three main categories: economic evaluations of healthcare interventions, cost-of-illness analyses, and other analyses such as assessments of healthcare productivity. Conclusion: We examined a number of studies using register-based data on healthcare costs. Use of register-based data renders...... a comprehensive data material, often in the form of time series, which is very useful in health economic analyses. The disadvantage of register-based data is the use of tariffs, charges, or market prices as proxies for costs in the computation of healthcare costs....

  9. Political Discourse Translation from a Register Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽梅

    2014-01-01

    Recently, register theory has been largely adopted in translation studies. It can better avoid subjective factors in transla-tion in perspective of register. It can also evaluate“faithfulness”of translated text in a rigorous way. In the paper, register theory is introduced to political discourse translation. In Halliday’s systemic functional grammar, he defines“register”as the context of sit-uation. And there are three variables of register, respectively, field, tenor and mode. Field means what is taking place in the dis-course. By tenor, it refers to who is taking part in the discourse, i.e. participant. As for mode of discourse, it means what the lan-guage will do for the participants in the context of situation. The paper aims to discuss the guiding role that register theory has to political discourse translation practice through field, tenor and mode.

  10. A Scandinavian Experience of Register Collaboration: The Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association (NARA)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Havelin, Leif I; Robertsson, Otto; Fenstad, Anne M;

    2011-01-01

    The Nordic (Scandinavian) countries have had working arthroplasty registers for several years. However, the small numbers of inhabitants and the conformity within each country with respect to preferred prosthesis brands and techniques have limited register research.......The Nordic (Scandinavian) countries have had working arthroplasty registers for several years. However, the small numbers of inhabitants and the conformity within each country with respect to preferred prosthesis brands and techniques have limited register research....

  11. Holter registers and metabolic syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz-Diosdado, A.; Ramírez-Hernández, L.; Aguilar-Molina, A. M.; Zamora-Justo, J. A.; Gutiérrez-Calleja, R. A.; Virgilio-González, C. D.

    2014-11-01

    There is a relationship between the state of the cardiovascular system and metabolic syndrome (MS). A way to diagnose the heart state of a person is to monitor the electrical activity of the heart using a 24 hours Holter monitor. Scanned ECG signal can be analyzed beat-by-beat by algorithms that separate normal of abnormal heartbeats. If the percentage of abnormal heartbeats is too high it could be argued that the patient has heart problems. We have algorithms that can not only identify the abnormal heartbeats, but they can also classify them, so we classified and counted abnormal heartbeats in patients with MS and subjects without MS. Most of our patients have large waist circumference, high triglycerides and high levels of LDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol although some of them have high blood pressure. We enrolled adult patients with MS free of diabetes in a four month lifestyle intervention program including diet and physical aerobic exercise, and compared with healthy controls. We made an initial registration with a Holter, and 24 hours ECG signal is analyzed to identify and classify the different types of heartbeats. The patients then begin with diet or exercise (at least half an hour daily). Periodically Holter records were taken up and we describe the evolution in time of the number and type of abnormal heartbeats. Results show that the percentage of abnormal heartbeats decreases over time, in some cases the decline is very significant, and almost a reduction to half or less of abnormal heartbeats after several months since the patients changed their eating or physical activity habits.

  12. Epilepsy in Individuals with a History of Asperger's Syndrome: A Danish Nationwide Register-Based Cohort Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mouridsen, Svend Erik; Rich, Bente; Isager, Torben

    2013-01-01

    We performed a nationwide, register-based retrospective follow-up study of epilepsy in all people who were born between January 1, 1980 and June 29, 2006 and registered in the Danish Psychiatric Central Register with Asperger's syndrome on February 7, 2011. All 4,180 identified cases with AS (3,431 males and 749 females) were screened through the…

  13. The Danish National Health Service Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, John Sahl; Olivarius, Niels de Fine; Krasnik, Allan

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Introduction: To describe the Danish National Health Service Register in relation to research. Content: The register contains data collected for administrative and scientific purposes from health contractors in primary health care. It includes information about citizens, providers......, and health services but minimal clinical information. Validity and coverage: The register covers everyone living in Denmark and data is available from 1990. No validity studies have been reported. Because the data is connected to reimbursement the coverage is assumed to be good. CONCLUSION: The strengths...

  14. Management of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. Experience with patients from the Danish Polyposis Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rebsdorf Pedersen, I; Hartvigsen, A; Fischer Hansen, B;

    1994-01-01

    Danish patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome are registered in the Danish Polyposis Register. We have initiated a new follow-up programme based on recent literature including our own cases. This has been adjusted to the regrowth rate of the polyps whereby patients with no symptoms and low regrowth...

  15. The Federal Register System and You.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galdi, Ernest J.; Girard, Martha

    1978-01-01

    Describes the "Federal Register" system as the vehicle for federal agencies to communicate with the public and briefly outlines the advantages of this centralized system as well as the problem presented by the mass of information published. (JMF)

  16. The Euphemism variety Based on Register theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾文庆

    2015-01-01

    It is the substitution of an agreeable expression for one that may offend something unpleasant. Euphemisms have a close relationship with context, especially tenor of discourse. This paper attempts to analyze the variation of euphemisms guided by register theory.

  17. Validation of the danish national diabetes register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Green, Anders; Sortsø, Camilla; Jensen, Peter Bjødstrup;

    2015-01-01

    The Danish National Diabetes Register (NDR) was established in 2006 and builds on data from Danish health registers. We validated the content of NDR, using full information from the Danish National Patient Register and data from the literature. Our study indicates that the completeness in NDR...... is ≥95% concerning ascertainment from data sources specific for diabetes, ie, prescriptions with antidiabetic drugs and diagnoses of diabetes in the National Patient Register. Since the NDR algorithm ignores diabetes-related hospital contacts terminated before 1990, the establishment of the date...... of inclusion is systematically delayed for ≥10% of the registrants in general and for ≥30% of the inclusions before 1997 in particular. This bias is enhanced for ascertainment by chiropody services and by frequent measurements of blood glucose because the date of reimbursement of services, rather than the date...

  18. National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses (NSSRN) Download makes data from the survey readily available to users in a one-stop download. It is intended to...

  19. Register allocation for programs in SSA Form

    OpenAIRE

    Hack, Sebastian

    2007-01-01

    This book investigates register allocation for programs in static single-assignment form. Its main result is that the interference graphs of SSA-form programs are chordal. This gives the compiler precise knowledge over the register demand and allows for separating spilling, assignment and coalescing. For each of these phases, we present methods specially tailored to the SSA setting and provide a first evaluation.

  20. Register Allocation By Model Transformer Semantics

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Yin

    2012-01-01

    Register allocation has long been formulated as a graph coloring problem, coloring the conflict graph with physical registers. Such a formulation does not fully capture the goal of the allocation, which is to minimize the traffic between registers and memory. Linear scan has been proposed as an alternative to graph coloring, but in essence, it can be viewed as a greedy algorithm for graph coloring: coloring the vertices not in the order of their degrees, but in the order of their occurence in the program. Thus it suffers from almost the same constraints as graph coloring. In this article, I propose a new method of register allocation based on the ideas of model transformer semantics (MTS) and static cache replacement (SCR). Model transformer semantics captures the semantics of registers and the stack. Static cache replacement relaxes the assumptions made by graph coloring and linear scan, aiming directly at reducing register-memory traffic. The method explores a much larger solution space than that of graph c...

  1. Register for the local elections in France

    CERN Multimedia

    DSU Department

    2007-01-01

    If you are a European Union citizen residing in France and wish to vote in the forthcoming local elections you must register on the supplementary register at your town hall (mairie) before 31 December 2007. EU citizens are regarded as residing in France if their primary residence is in France or if they live there continuously. To be eligible to vote you must: be a national of one of the 26 listed States of the European Union and present a valid identification document. Residence permits are valid; be at least 18 years old by the closing date of revision of the supplementary electoral register, i.e. by the last day of February; enjoy civic rights both in France and in your State of origin. For more information: http://vosdroits.service-public.fr/particuliers/F1937.xhtml?&n=Elections&l=N4&n=Elections%20politiques&l=N47

  2. Register-based research on twins

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Kaare; Ohm Kyvik, Kirsten; Holm, Niels V;

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: The Danish Twin Registry (DTR) has for more than 50 years been based on surveys and clinical investigations and over the two last decades also on register linkage. Currently these two approaches are merged within Statistics Denmark. Research topics: Here we report on three major...... groups of register-based research in the DTR that used the uniqueness of twinning. First, we focus on the ''long-term prognosis'' of being a twin compared with being a singleton and show that Danish twins have health trajectories in adulthood similar to singletons, which is a result of interest for twins...

  3. Up-To-Date Architectural Heritage Register

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Živilė Šulskaitė

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on the registration history and legal acts of Lithuanian cultural heritage and examines the register of estate cultural heritage and conditions for including estate cultural heritage into the register. The article also looks at the criteria of evaluating estate cultural heritage such as age limit, authentication features and the level of significance (national, regional, local. The paper presents information on the criteria applied for assessing heritage list in the United Kingdom, and UNESCO as well as introduces the Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage and the Nara Document. Article in Lithuanian

  4. Metadata For Identity Management of Population Registers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Glassey

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available A population register is an inventory of residents within a country, with their characteristics (date of birth, sex, marital status, etc. and other socio-economic data, such as occupation or education. However, data on population are also stored in numerous other public registers such as tax, land, building and housing, military, foreigners, vehicles, etc. Altogether they contain vast amounts of personal and sensitive information. Access to public information is granted by law in many countries, but this transparency is generally subject to tensions with data protection laws. This paper proposes a framework to analyze data access (or protection requirements, as well as a model of metadata for data exchange.

  5. Measuring optical temperature coefficients of Intralipid (registered)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The temperature sensitivities of absorption and reduced scattering coefficients in the range 700-1000 nm are determined for the liquid phantom Intralipid (registered) using spatially resolved continuous wave measurements. The measurements were conducted on a 10 L heated volume of 1% Intralipid (registered) subjected to a 40-30 deg. C cooling regime. The temperature sensitivities of the absorbance coefficients are similar to that expected for pure water. However, the reduced scattering coefficients are more sensitive than can be explained by temperature related density changes, and show an unexpected relationship with wavelength. We have also found that temperature perturbations provide a useful means to evaluate instrument model performance

  6. The Euphemism variety Based on Register theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾文庆

    2015-01-01

    It is the substitution of an agreeable expression for one that may offend something unpleasant.Euphemisms have a close relationship with context,especially tenor of discourse.This paper attempts to analyze the variation of euphemisms guided by register theory.

  7. Registering Names and Addresses for Information Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapp, Arthur A.

    The identification of administrative authorities and the development of associated procedures for registering and accessing names and addresses of communications data systems are considered in this paper. It is noted that, for data communications systems using standards based on the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Reference Model specified by…

  8. The Danish registers of causes of death

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juel, K; Helweg-Larsen, K

    1999-01-01

    In 1875 registration of causes of death in Denmark was established by the National Board of Health, and annual statistics of death have since been published. Until 1970 the national statistics were based upon punched cards with data collected from the death certificates. Since then the register has...

  9. Palliative care registers: infringement on human rights?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony-Pillai, Rosemarie

    2012-04-01

    A personal view made in light of the recent news article regarding a husband wanting to sue Addenbrooke's hospital over a Do Not Attempt Resuscitation decision. This article aims to highlight how the rolling out of cross boundary palliative care registers may be more at risk of infringing human rights.

  10. The establishment of a polyposis register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bülow, Steffen; Burn, J; Neale, K;

    1993-01-01

    Guidelines are presented for the establishment of a regional or national register of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. The detailed recommendations are based on the work in committees of the "Leeds Castle Polyposis Group" and the "EuroFAP". The aims of national and regional polyposis...

  11. 对BRC以及IFS食品审核标准特点的初步剖析及比较%Primary analyze and comparison on the nature of IFS and BRC food audit standard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄子程; 姬莹莹; 姬松涛

    2011-01-01

    选取BRC食品标准第五版和IFS食品标准第五版,从其认可集团名录以及标准的结构等两方面进行剖析。分析结果表明:BRC标准在英国和美国有着广泛的支持,而德国、法国以及意大利的采购商则更加支持IFS标准,立足于全球的大型超市如乐购、家乐福、沃尔玛和麦德龙,对两个标准均持支持的态度;上述两个标准均包含质量管理体系与食品安全管理体系,这其中食品安全管理体系占主导地位。IFS与BRC标准的差异性在于IFS主要考察项目比BRC条款要少13条,BRC条款中要求的医疗筛查、硬塑料、陶瓷并未在IFS条款中涉及到。不同国家对%BRC food standard version 5 and IFS food standard version 5 were selected with the purpose of comparison and analyzing from two aspects,i.e.group who recognize the standards and standard structure.The result of analysis indicated that BRC standard was widely recognized in England and The United State of America.In comparison purchasers from Germany,France and Italia more support the IFS standard.The large supermarkets located around global areas such as Tesco,Carrefour,Wal-Mart and Metro presented the attitude of supporting both of the standards.Both of the aforementioned two standards contained quality management system and food safety management system,in which food safety management system was occupying in a led position.The difference between IFS and BRC standards were mainly reflected as the quantity of clauses in IFS standard which was less than the quantity of clauses in BRC standard,the requirements related to medical screening,hard plastic,ceramics were present in BRC standard,but not in IFS standard.The statistic of the supporting powers by different countries to the respective standards could let the factories who were preparing for exporting to their target country knew which standard needed to be certified.The similar aspects and the different aspects obtained from the analysis

  12. A Study of Register Labeling in Bilingual Dictionary---Based on the Register Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Xiu

    2013-01-01

    Register theory is one of the most important theories of systemic functional linguistics,which is concerned with the vari-ables of field,tenor,and mode,and is a useful abstraction which relates variations of language use to variations of social context.Bilingual dic-tionaries contain as adrule in the front matter systematic categorization and detailed description of register labels.This paper attempts to analyze the register labels in bilingual dictionaries and discuss the problems existing indregister labeling.

  13. Registered criminality and sanctioning of schizophrenia patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munkner, Runa; Haastrup, Soeren; Joergensen, Torben;

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia have been shown to have an increased risk of criminality, especially violent crimes. AIMS: The aim of the current study was to describe the pattern of crimes committed by Danish patients with schizophrenia and examine the sanctions given for crimes...... in relation to the different periods in the patients' lives: not yet known to the psychiatric hospital system, known to the system but not yet diagnosed with schizophrenia, and after being diagnosed with schizophrenia. METHODS: Information from the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register was correlated...... with data from the Danish National Crime Register. RESULTS: One of the more prominent findings was that 16% of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia receive a prison sentence or a suspended prison sentence, despite the fact that Denmark is a co-signatory of the European Prison Rules and should treat, rather...

  14. Registered criminality and sanctioning of schizophrenia patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munkner, Runa; Haastrup, Soeren; Joergensen, Torben;

    2009-01-01

    relation to the different periods in the patients' lives: not yet known to the psychiatric hospital system, known to the system but not yet diagnosed with schizophrenia, and after being diagnosed with schizophrenia. METHODS: Information from the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register was correlated...... with data from the Danish National Crime Register. RESULTS: One of the more prominent findings was that 16% of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia receive a prison sentence or a suspended prison sentence, despite the fact that Denmark is a co-signatory of the European Prison Rules and should treat......, rather than imprison, individuals with schizophrenia. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that greater alertness is needed in the judicial system for individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia....

  15. Current report from Russian Diabetic Retinopathy Register

    OpenAIRE

    Dmitriy Valentinovich Lipatov; Vera Kirillovna Aleksandrova; Dmitriy Sergeevich Atarshchikov; Elena Grigor'evna Bessmertnaya; Irina L'vovna Kon; Anatoliy Gennad'evich Kuz'min; Nataliya Borisovna Smirnova; Anna Anatol'evna Tolkacheva; Timofey Aleksandrovich Chistyakov

    2014-01-01

    A pandemic expansion of diabetes mellitus (DM) observed nowadays across the globe is increasingly acknowledged as a disaster by all peoples of the world. Statistical analysis indicates an annual increase in prevalence of DM in Russian Federation that had reached 3 779 423 registered patients by 01.01.2013. Besides the humanitarian aspects, DM poses severe economic challenges for this country – challenges that stem both from high mortality and growing disability rate due to limb loss, decrease...

  16. RNA interference and Register Machines (extended abstract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masahiro Hamano

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available RNA interference (RNAi is a mechanism whereby small RNAs (siRNAs directly control gene expression without assistance from proteins. This mechanism consists of interactions between RNAs and small RNAs both of which may be single or double stranded. The target of the mechanism is mRNA to be degraded or aberrated, while the initiator is double stranded RNA (dsRNA to be cleaved into siRNAs. Observing the digital nature of RNAi, we represent RNAi as a Minsky register machine such that (i The two registers hold single and double stranded RNAs respectively, and (ii Machine's instructions are interpreted by interactions of enzyme (Dicer, siRNA (with RISC com- plex and polymerization (RdRp to the appropriate registers. Interpreting RNAi as a computational structure, we can investigate the computational meaning of RNAi, especially its complexity. Initially, the machine is configured as a Chemical Ground Form (CGF, which generates incorrect jumps. To remedy this problem, the system is remodeled as recursive RNAi, in which siRNA targets not only mRNA but also the machine instructional analogues of Dicer and RISC. Finally, probabilistic termination is investigated in the recursive RNAi system.

  17. National Register of Historic Places - National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA) NPS National Register Dataset

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Geographic Data Committee — A current, accurate spatial representation of all historic properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places is of interest to Federal agencies, the...

  18. A Register Allocation Algorithm in the Presence of Scalar Replacement for Fine-Grain Configurable Architectures

    CERN Document Server

    Baradaran, Nastaran

    2011-01-01

    The aggressive application of scalar replacement to array references substantially reduces the number of memory operations at the expense of a possibly very large number of registers. In this paper we describe a register allocation algorithm that assigns registers to scalar replaced array references along the critical paths of a computation, in many cases exploiting the opportunity for concurrent memory accesses. Experimental results, for a set of image/signal processing code kernels, reveal that the proposed algorithm leads to a substantial reduction of the number of execution cycles for the corresponding hardware implementation on a contemporary Field-Programmable-Gate-Array (FPGA) when compared to other greedy allocation algorithms, in some cases, using even fewer number of registers.

  19. 49 CFR 592.6 - Duties of a registered importer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Duties of a registered importer. 592.6 Section 592... SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) REGISTERED IMPORTERS OF VEHICLES NOT... registered importer. Each Registered Importer must: (a) With respect to each motor vehicle that it...

  20. On the Embodiment of Register in Business English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈妍斌

    2009-01-01

    This paper analyzes the register character of business English from the systemic functional linguistics. By citing some examples, this paper attempts to highlight the expression and effect of register theory in business English, aiming at helping business people understand the register in order to apply the register correctly and avoiding making mistakes in daily communication and practices, so that business go smoothly.

  1. 46 CFR 401.510 - Operation without Registered Pilots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Operation without Registered Pilots. 401.510 Section 401... REGULATIONS Penalties; Operations Without Registered Pilots § 401.510 Operation without Registered Pilots. (a... Registered Pilot when the vessel or its cargo is in distress or jeopardy. (b) A vessel may be navigated...

  2. Register-based studies on migration, ethnicity, and health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norredam, Marie; Kastrup, Marianne; Helweg-Larsen, Karin

    2011-01-01

    to highlight the process of how migrant study populations have been established and studied in relation to different registers: The Danish Cancer Registry, the Danish Central Psychiatric Research Register, the Danish National Patient Register, the Danish National Health Service Register, the Danish Injury...... Register, and the Danish Medical Birth Register. CONCLUSION: Our paper documents the unique opportunities to study migration, ethnicity, and health through Danish national registers. Our examples show that in Denmark ''country of birth'' is the most commonly used measure. It renders information on whether...

  3. Efficient sorting using registers and caches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wickremesinghe, Rajiv; Arge, Lars Allan; Chase, Jeffrey S.;

    2002-01-01

    Modern computer systems have increasingly complex memory systems. Common machine models for algorithm analysis do not reflect many of the features of these systems, e.g., large register sets, lockup-free caches, cache hierarchies, associativity, cache line fetching, and streaming behavior...... on sorting performance. We introduce a new cache-conscious sorting algorithm, R-MERGE, which achieves better performance in practice over algorithms that are superior in the theoretical models. R-MERGE is designed to minimize memory stall cycles rather than cache misses by considering features common to many...

  4. Generational differences in registered nurse turnover.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeVasseur, Sandra A; Wang, Chen-Yen; Mathews, Barbara; Boland, Mary

    2009-08-01

    The chronic nature of the nursing workforce shortage in the United States is a continuing concern. As the nationwide gap between supply and demand grows, it remains unknown what impact turnover will have on nursing, access to care, and efforts to improve quality and safety of health care. It also remains unclear whether the recent turnover trends among new graduate registered nurses differ from past generational cohorts of new nurses. The aims of this study were to identify the reasons why registered nurses turnover by generational cohort (Veterans, Baby Boomers, and GenXMs) and to compare the length of time nurses were employed in their first five nursing positions by generational cohort. The findings suggest the three generational cohorts displayed similar reasons for leaving nursing positions with relocation, career advancement, and personal/family reasons reported most frequently. Except for the first nursing position, significant generational effects were found in the length of time Veterans, Baby Boomer, and GenXMs stayed employed in their nursing positions. It remains unknown why the GenXMs displayed a significantly shorter length of employment time in their second, third, fourth, and fifth nursing positions. The decline in length of employment time displayed in both the Baby Boomers and GenXMs may be an issue of concern requiring future research. PMID:20026454

  5. Registering Different DBMSs to Panorama with CORBA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Recently, there is an increasing use of CORBA implementation indeveloping mult idatabase systems. MIND and Panorama are some of the examples of multidatabase prototypes that have been implemented on the top of CORBA compliant namely Obje ctBroker and VisiBroker respectively. They both aim to achieve interoperability among Oracle, Sybase and other different DBMSs through the registration of these DBMSs to them using CORBA. This registration to a CORBA-based multidatabase sy stem offers an advanced way in achieving interoperability.We first introduce Panorama multidatabase system and discuss the basic implementation decisions in registering different DBMSs using the CORBA co mpliant ORB, namely VisiBroker to this system. Then, it aims to discuss the method we've used in registering different DBMSs to our designed multidataba se system-Panorama. A detailed discussion about the registration of Oracle8 and Sybase is given. And finally, a conclusion and the future work for this system h ave been given.

  6. Registered nurses' job satisfaction in Navy hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zangaro, George A; Johantgen, Meg

    2009-01-01

    Because of the increasing use of civilian registered nurses to supplement the nursing staff at U.S. Navy hospitals, it is imperative to understand the factors that influence satisfaction in both Navy and civilian nurses in military hospitals. This study sought to expand knowledge of satisfaction in hospital-based active duty Navy registered nurses and federal civilian nurses. Respondents completed a survey with a response rate of 42% (N=496). The survey was designed using well-known satisfaction models and included measures of work attitudes, work setting, and demographic characteristics. Linear regression models explained 51% of the variance in job satisfaction for Navy nurses and 55% for civilian nurses. Routinization had the strongest significant negative association with job satisfaction for Navy and civilian nurses. Supervisor support was significantly associated with satisfaction for Navy nurses although coworker support was a significant factor for civilians. These findings have implications for nurse administrators and health care executives who desire to retain nurse employees. PMID:19216301

  7. Supplement B: Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles. A Companion to the OCLC Research Report, Registering Researchers in Authority Files

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith-Yoshimura, Karen; Altman, Micah; Conlon, Michael; Cristán, Ana Lupe; Dawson, Laura; Dunham, Joanne; Hickey, Thom; Hill, Amanda; Hook, Daniel; Horstmann, Wolfram; MacEwan, Andrew; Schreur, Philip; Smart, Laura; Wacker, Melanie; Woutersen, Saskia

    2014-01-01

    The OCLC Research Report, "Registering Researchers in Authority Files", [Accessible in ERIC as ED564924] summarizes the results of the research conducted by the OCLC Research Registering Researchers in Authority Files Task Group in 2012-2014. Details of this research are in supplementary data sets: (1) "Supplement A: Use Cases. A…

  8. Illinois I/O Register to FASTBUS Interface

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The I/O Register to FASTBUS Interface (IORFI) is connected to a processor via two 16-bit output registers (OR1,OR2) and two 16-bit output resisters (IR1,IR2). One of the output registers (OR1) is used to specify the interface function which is to be performed when the interface is accessed via the Data-in Register (IR2) or the Data-out Register (OR2). The other input register (IR1) is used to read the direct status of the FASTBUS lines independent of OR1. The changes made to the SLAC design at the University of Illinois are described

  9. Register Variation in Electronic Business Correspondence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Giménez Moreno

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Electronic correspondence is a highly dynamic genre within the business world in which Register Variation (RV is frequently used as a tool to improve communication but it often can lead to misunderstanding. In order to shed some light on this still unexplored area, the present study firstly offers a practical approach to classify and analyse RV within professional communication. After this, it reviews previous studies on email writing to apply their findings to this approach and, in the third part of the study, a corpus of recent business emails in English is analysed to examine how the key parameters of RV are currently used within this genre. The results will show that, not only the context, but also the roles and intentions of the senders influence an email’s register, often causing internal oscillations between different registers within the same text.La correspondencia electrónica es un género comunicativo de especial dinamismo dentro del mundo empresarial en el que la variación de registros se utiliza como herramienta para mejorar la interacción y las relaciones entre los interlocutores, pero que a menudo también genera confusión y malentendidos. Para aportar luz a esta área, el presente trabajo ofrece una aproximación práctica para la clasificación y el análisis de los registros lingüísticos dentro de la comunicación profesional. A continuación, revisa los estudios previos sobre este género con el fin de adaptar sus resultados a la teoría propuesta. Finalmente, se analiza un corpus de mensajes escritos en inglés para examinar el funcionamiento de los registros dentro de este género. Los resultados mostrarán que, no solo el contexto situacional, sino sobre todo los roles e intenciones de los emisores determinan el registro de un mensaje, provocando a menudo oscilación interna entre varios registros dentro del mismo texto.

  10. Generating synthetic baseline populations from register data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rich, Jeppe; Mulalic, Ismir

    2012-01-01

    algorithm. The solution strategy consists in establishing a harmonisation process for the population targets, which combined with a linear programming approach, is applied to generate a consistent target representation. The model approach is implemented and tested on Danish administrative register data. A......The paper presents a population synthesiser based on the method of Iterative Proportional Fitting (IPF) algorithm developed for the new Danish national transport model system. The synthesiser is designed for large population matrices and allows target variables to be represented in several target...... test on historical census data shows that a 2006 population could be predicted by a 1994 population with an overall percentage deviation of 5–6% given that targets were known. It is also indicated that the deviation is approximately a linear function of the length of the forecast period....

  11. Studies based on the Danish Adoption Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Liselotte; Sørensen, Thorkild I A

    2011-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The genetic and familial environmental influences making up familial correlations in traits and familial aggregation of diseases may be disentangled by adoption studies. Thus, resemblance between the adoptee and the biological relatives indicates a contribution of the segregating gene...... they have in common, and resemblance between the adoptee and the rearing adoptive family members indicates influences of the shared family environment. The Danish Adoption Register includes information on all 14,425 non-familial adoptions of Danish children legally granted in Denmark from 1924 to 1947....... RESEARCH TOPICS: To illustrate the adoption study approach in research, we present results achieved in schizophrenia, body fatness, smoking, and mortality. Significantly higher prevalence of schizophrenia and related conditions were found in biological relatives to adoptees with schizophrenia than among...

  12. Spiritual care perspectives of Danish Registered Nurses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Kirsten Haugaard; Turner, de Sales

    2008-01-01

    Spiritual care perspectives of Danish Nurses The purpose of this study was to explore how Danish registered nurses understand the phenomenon of spiritual care and how their understanding impacts on their interventions with their patients. Nurses are responsible for the provision of care which...... would engage in provision of spiritual care. The participants acknowledged that their understanding of spirituality influenced their provision of spiritual care, which was recognized as a challenge requiring the nurse’s initiative and courage. Spirituality was primarily understood as a patient’s private...... respects patients’ values, religion, customs, and spiritual beliefs. Literature however revealed that the phenomenon of spiritual care is complex and variously interpreted, and that there seems to be a lack of conceptual clarity regarding what constitutes spiritual care. A phenomenological and hermeneutic...

  13. Current report from Russian Diabetic Retinopathy Register

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitriy Valentinovich Lipatov

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A pandemic expansion of diabetes mellitus (DM observed nowadays across the globe is increasingly acknowledged as a disaster by all peoples of the world. Statistical analysis indicates an annual increase in prevalence of DM in Russian Federation that had reached 3 779 423 registered patients by 01.01.2013. Besides the humanitarian aspects, DM poses severe economic challenges for this country – challenges that stem both from high mortality and growing disability rate due to limb loss, decrease in visual acuity and need for hemodialysis, plaguing many DM patients.Aim. To produce an epidemiological evaluation based on the dynamics of prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the Russian Federation – nationwide and in individual regions – across the last 13 years.Materials and Methods. Current survey included patients from various regions of the Russian Federation that were examined during epidemiological missions conducted by the federal Endocrinology Research Centre (2000–2009, as well as National Programmes «Health» (2007 and «Diabetes – Learn In Advance» (2012–2013.Results. In the Russian Federation registered more than 630,000 patients with different stages of diabetic retinopathy. The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among adults (18 years and older with type 1 diabetes is 35.25%, while in type 2 diabetes - 16.67%. On average, this means that almost one in five patients (17.63% with diabetes have certain eye problems.Conclusion. In summary, our data indicate a dramatic growth in the rate of diabetic ocular complications, with a particular increase in proliferative diabetic retinopathy, complicated cataract and neovascular glaucoma. These findings call for an even closer attention to early diagnostics, adequate management and, above everything else, timely prevention of ocular pathologies in patients with DM.

  14. The Tromsø study: registration of fractures, how good are self-reports, a computerized radiographic register and a discharge register?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joakimsen, R M; Fønnebø, V; Søgaard, A J; Tollan, A; Størmer, J; Magnus, J H

    2001-12-01

    In order to compare different methods of fracture registration, we sought all nonvertebral fractures suffered during 8 years (1988-95) among 21,441 persons invited to a survey in 1979/80. We registered a total of 54 hip fracture cases through three separate sources (self-report, computer linkage to the local radiographic archives, discharge register), whereas forearm fractures (a total of 291 cases) were registered through two separate sources (self-report, computer linkage to the radiographic archives). The registration of fractures at other sites (a total of 1321 cases) were from one source (computer linkage to the local radiographic archives), and we have compared three ways of obtaining data from this single source (no ascertainment, ascertainment of records coded as fracture, ascertainment of all records). Ninety-three percent of all hip fractures and 97% of all wrist fractures in the entire study population were found by computer linkage to the radiographic archives, whereas the discharge register detected 87% of all the hip fractures. Computer linkage with ascertainment gave no overreporting of fractures. Among the 11,626 persons who answered a follow-up questionnaire in 1994/95, 97% (CI 84-100%) of all hip fractures and 72% (CI 66-78%) of all wrist fractures were self-reported. We conclude that a computerized search of radiographic archives is a viable method of fracture registration.

  15. 78 FR 52308 - Harmonization of Compliance Obligations for Registered Investment Companies Required To Register...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-22

    ... Advisors: Compliance Obligations rulemaking. 77 FR 11252, 11252 (Feb. 24, 2012). With the publication of..., supra note 6, 77 FR at 11252, 11255. The Commission exercised its authority under Sec. Sec. 4 and 8a of... Rule, supra note 6, 77 FR at 11260 (``Entities required to register due to the amendments to Sec....

  16. Validity of stroke diagnoses in a National Register of Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup, Lars-Henrik; Boysen, Gudrun; Janjua, Huma;

    2007-01-01

    Many registers containing routine medical information have been developed for research and surveillance purposes. In epidemiological research assessment of endpoints is often conducted via registers. In the present study we validated stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) diagnoses...

  17. A Stylistic Analysis of Register Theory in Oliver Twist

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鑫

    2015-01-01

    Stylistic analysis refers to the linguistic approach to literature.Stylistics will mainly focus on the register theory,taking Charles Dickens' masterpiece Oliver Twist as a good example to demonstrate how the register theory is embodied in the work.

  18. A Stylistic Analysis of Register Theory in Oliver Twist

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鑫

    2015-01-01

    Stylistic analysis refers to the linguistic approach to literature.Stylistics will mainly focus on the register theory,taking Charles Dickens’ masterpiece Oliver Twist as a good example to demonstrate how the register theory is embodied in the work.

  19. The Role of The Commercial Register in The Commercial Law

    OpenAIRE

    Beranová, Marie

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this diploma thesis is to analyse the substantial and procedural legal regulation of the Commercial Register in the Czech Republic briefly though coherently and to clarify the most important principles, fundamentals and proceedings that are binding for the Commercial Register. Firstly I will introduce the Commercial Register in general and clear up the term "principle of publicity". Further I will focuse on the registered subjects and information and I will look closer on the Colle...

  20. Validity of stroke diagnoses in a National Register of Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup, Lars-Henrik; Boysen, Gudrun; Janjua, Huma;

    2007-01-01

    Many registers containing routine medical information have been developed for research and surveillance purposes. In epidemiological research assessment of endpoints is often conducted via registers. In the present study we validated stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) diagnoses in the Dan......Many registers containing routine medical information have been developed for research and surveillance purposes. In epidemiological research assessment of endpoints is often conducted via registers. In the present study we validated stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) diagnoses...

  1. Formality Degrees of Language from the Perspective of Register

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Xia

    2014-01-01

    The three variables-field, mode and tenor form the integrated system of a register which has the function of reflecting culture and language features. Via the analysis of the three dimensions of register, it intends to explore the influence of register on the formality degrees of language, so that the proper formality degrees of language are chosen during communication.

  2. The Norwegian National Reporting System and Register of Severe Allergic Reactions to Food

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martinus Løvik

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The Norwegian National Reporting System and Register of Severe Allergic Reactions to Food, or the Food Allergy Register, is a nation-wide, government-funded permanent reporting and registration system for severe allergic reactions to food. The Food Allergy Register collects information based on a one-page reporting form, serum samples for specific IgE analysis, and food samples for food allergen analysis. Reporting physicians receive in return an extensive commentary on the reported case and the relevant allergies, and results of the specific IgE analysis and food allergen analysis.The Food Allergy Register has, after being active for a little more than four years, given valuable information about several important aspects of food allergy in Norway. The Food Allergy Register has revealed food safety problems in relation to allergy that probably could be discovered only with the help of a systematic, nation-wide registration of cases. The reactions of peanut allergic individuals to lupine flour in bakery products is an example of how the Food Allergy Register is able to reveal potentially serious problems that would otherwise probably have gone unnoticed and certainly unexplained. The amount and the value of the information from the Food Allergy Register are increasing as new reports of more cases are added. The typical Norwegian patient with a severe allergic reaction to food appears to be a young adult, female rather than male. The offending meal is consumed at a restaurant or fast-food stand or in a private party away from home, and peanuts, nuts and shellfish are among the most common offending foods, while fish allergy appears to be rather rare.

  3. 17 CFR 270.31a-2 - Records to be preserved by registered investment companies, certain majority-owned subsidiaries...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... person's transactions with such registered investment company. (f) Micrographic and electronic storage... media, including microfilm, microfiche, or any similar medium; or (ii) Electronic storage media... this section. (3) Special requirements for electronic storage media. In the case of records...

  4. Transitioning from military medics to registered nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keita MD

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Mohamed D Keita,1 Valerie J Diaz,1,2 Audrey P Miller,1 Maria Olenick,1 Sharon R Simon1 1Department of Undergraduate Nursing, Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, 2Operational Health Support Unit Jacksonville, United States Navy Nurse Corps, Jacksonville, FL, USA Abstract: The nursing shortage in the USA is expected to reach 260,000 registered nurses (RNs by 2025. The most profound shortages are expected in California and Florida, translating into 109,779 and 128,364 RN jobs, respectively. Despite a foreseen growth in nursing career opportunities nationwide, the supply of nurses will be insufficient to meet the corresponding demand. Capitalizing on prior education, experience, and skills of military clinical personnel to fill these jobs could significantly reduce the projected nursing shortage. Florida International University's Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing and Health Sciences is circumventing barriers to recruit, retain, and graduate transitioning veteran medics and corpsmen as Bachelor of Science in Nursing prepared RNs who reintegrate into the civilian workforce. The Veteran Bachelor of Science in Nursing (VBSN program is in the form of a cooperative agreement between Florida International University and the US Health Resources and Services Administration. The VBSN program's main objective is to build upon the unique leadership skills, clinical education, and training of military medics and corpsmen to ensure successful completion of the Bachelor of Science in Nursing curriculum. VBSN students, as veterans themselves, have unique knowledge and exposure to the specific health issues and needs of the veteran population overall. They are poised and best prepared to effectively care for the US population, particularly the current 22 million US veterans and 1.6 million Florida veterans. Additionally, the VBSN program will alleviate the challenges, such as the lack of recognition of

  5. A Qualitative Modal Representation of Quantum Register Transformations

    CERN Document Server

    Masini, Andrea; Zorzi, Margherita

    2008-01-01

    We introduce two modal natural deduction systems that are suitable to represent and reason about transformations of quantum registers in an abstract, qualitative, way. Quantum registers represent quantum systems, and can be viewed as the structure of quantum data for quantum operations. Our systems provide a modal framework for reasoning about operations on quantum registers (unitary transformations and measurements), in terms of possible worlds (as abstractions of quantum registers) and accessibility relations between these worlds. We give a Kripke--style semantics that formally describes quantum register transformations and prove the soundness and completeness of our systems with respect to this semantics.

  6. The European Register of Specialists in Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: guide to the Register, version 3-2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McMurray, Janet; Zérah, Simone; Hallworth, Michael;

    2010-01-01

    In 1997, the European Communities Confederation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EC4) set up a Register for European Specialists in Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. The operation of the Register is undertaken by a Register Commission (EC4RC). During the last 12 years, more...

  7. Identifying victims of violence using register-based data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kruse, Marie; Sørensen, Jan; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik;

    2010-01-01

    AIMS: The aim of this study was twofold. Firstly we identified victims of violence in national registers and discussed strengths and weaknesses of this approach. Secondly we assessed the magnitude of violence and the characteristics of the victims using register-based data. METHODS: We used three...... nationwide registers to identify victims of violence: The National Patient Register, the Victim Statistics, and the Causes of Death Register. We merged these data and assessed the degree of overlap between data sources. We identified a reference population by selecting all individuals in Denmark over 15....... RESULTS: In 2006, 22,000 individuals were registered as having been exposed to violence. About 70% of these victims were men. Most victims were identified from emergency room contacts and police records, and few from the Causes of Death Register. There was some overlap between the two large data sources...

  8. The association between fluoride in drinking water and dental caries in Danish children. Linking data from health registers, environmental registers and administrative registers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkeskov, Lilli; Kristiansen, Eva; Bøggild, Henrik;

    2010-01-01

    of fluoridated toothpaste and caries-preventive programs implemented by the municipal dental services in Denmark. Linking Danish health registers with environmental and administrative registers offers an opportunity for obtaining sample sizes large enough to identify health effect, which otherwise could...

  9. Relative Immaturity and ADHD: Findings from Nationwide Registers, Parent- and Self-Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halldner, Linda; Tillander, Annika; Lundholm, Cecilia; Boman, Marcus; Långström, Niklas; Larsson, Henrik; Lichtenstein, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Background: We addressed if immaturity relative to peers reflected in birth month increases the likelihood of ADHD diagnosis and treatment. Methods: We linked nationwide Patient and Prescribed Drug Registers and used prospective cohort and nested case-control designs to study 6-69 year-old individuals in Sweden from July 2005 to December 2009…

  10. Acute myocardial infarction incidence and hospital mortality: routinely collected national data versus linkage of national registers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koek, H.L.; Kardaun, J.W.P.F.; Gevers, E.; Bruin, A. de; Reitsma, J.B.; Grobbee, D.E.; Bots, M.L.

    2007-01-01

    Background and Objective: To compare levels of and trends in incidence and hospital mortality of first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) based on routinely collected hospital morbidity data and on linked registers. Cases taken from routine hospital data are a mix of patients with recurrent and firs

  11. Acute myocardial infarction incidence and hospital mortality : routinely collected national data versus linkage of national registers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koek, Huberdina L.; Kardaun, Jan W. P. F.; Gevers, Evelien; de Bruin, Agnes; Grobbee, Diederick E.; Bots, Michiel L.; Reitsma, J.

    2007-01-01

    Background and Objective To compare levels of and trends in incidence and hospital mortality of first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) based on routinely collected hospital morbidity data and on linked registers. Cases taken from routine hospital data are a mix of patients with recurrent and first

  12. 苏云金芽胞杆菌BRC-ZYR2一个假定的细菌素基因AOI-3的鉴定及异源表达%Identification and Heterologous Expression of A Putative Bacteriocin Gene AOI-3 from Bacillus thuringiensis BRC-ZYR2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏小玉; 林丽鹏; 骆祥银; 李仪莹; 戴瑞卿; 潘洁茹; 黄天培

    2015-01-01

    细菌素(Bacteriocin)是由某些细菌通过核糖体途径产生的一类具有抗菌活性的多肽或蛋白质,因其无致畸变作用,也不易产生耐药性,在食品及卫生安全中备受关注.本研究以经过全基因组测序的苏云金芽胞杆菌(Bacillus thuringiensis,Bt) BRC-ZYR2为出发菌株,预测得到一个假定的细菌素基因AOI-3.PCR扩增获得231 bp目的基因片段,利用无缝克隆技术将目的基因片段连接到pET32a载体,转入大肠杆菌(Escherichia coli)JM 109,筛选克隆子进行酶切以及测序验证.基因序列比对结果显示,该基因与Bt HD-789全基因组中一段未被注释的核酸序列(GenBank登录号:CP003763.1)同源性达99%.氨基酸序列比对结果显示,与一个假定的Bt细菌素(Bt bacteriocin biosynthesis protein)(GenBank登录号:WP 033699510.1)的同源性达100%.此外,该细菌素的保守结构域属于未知功能域家族蛋白(domain of unknown function,DUF)亚族蛋白DUF2762,可能具有类似穿孔毒素Bh1A的作用.氨基酸组成分析表明,该基因序列编码76个氨基酸,分子量为8 813.62 Da,等电点为4.82,无信号肽,含有1个跨膜区,将重组表达载体转入大肠杆菌BL21(DE3),异丙基-β-D-硫代吡喃半乳糖苷(isopropyl-β-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside,IPTG)诱导表达.十二烷基硫酸钠聚丙烯酰胺凝胶电泳(sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis,SDS-PAGE)结果表明,在上清中检测到预期的8.8kD多肽表达.采用His-tag亲和层析技术纯化目的蛋白.本研究通过对假定的细菌素基因AOI-3克隆、表达和获得多肽纯品,为测定其抑菌谱并了解细菌素结构及作用机理奠定了基础.

  13. The validity of the schizophrenia diagnosis in the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register is good

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uggerby, Peter; Østergaard, Søren Dinesen; Røge, Rasmus;

    2013-01-01

    all 300 case records, the validity of the schizophrenia diagnosis was 89.7%. CONCLUSION: According to this assessment of patient case records, the diagnosis of schizophrenia in the DPCRR has a high validity and is well-suited for research. FUNDING: Aalborg Psychiatric Hospital funded the study......INTRODUCTION: The Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register (DPCRR) has been used extensively for research purposes during the past decades. The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 schizophrenia diagnosis in the DPCRR...... because of foreign citizenship as these patients had prior episodes in other countries. Thirteen cases (4.3%) were erroneously registered as schizophrenia in the DPCRR. Of the remaining 276 patients, 269 (97.5%) fulfilled the ICD-10 diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia. In a worst case model including...

  14. Efficient progressive readout of a register of qubits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilloy, Antoine

    2016-05-01

    Recently, a series of papers by Combes et al. [J. Combes, H. M. Wiseman, and K. Jacobs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 160503 (2008), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.160503; J. Combes, H. M. Wiseman, and A. J. Scott, Phys. Rev. A 81, 020301(R) (2010), 10.1103/PhysRevA.81.020301; J. Combes and H. M. Wiseman, Phys. Rev. X 1, 011012 (2011), 10.1103/PhysRevX.1.011012; J. Combes, A. Denney, and H. M. Wiseman, Phys. Rev. A 91, 022305 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevA.91.022305] has shown that it is possible to greatly improve the measurement rate of a register of qubits for given detector resources by means of a clever feedback control scheme. However, this speedup came at an exponential cost in terms of complexity and memory use. In this paper, I propose a simple efficient algorithm—exponentially more frugal in memory and less complex to implement—which is asymptotically as fast. I use extensively the implicit classicality of the situation to provide a slightly more straightforward interpretation of the results. I compute the speedup rates exactly in the case of the proposed model and in the case of the open-loop scheme of Combes et al. and prove that they indeed provide the same asymptotic speedup.

  15. Health Care Use by Patients with Somatoform Disorders A Register-Based Follow-Up Study*

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Nadia Lyhne Trærup; Eplov, Lene Falgaard; Andersen, Jon Trærup;

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown a greater use of medical than mental health services in patients with somatoform disorders. However, not many studies are based on structured interviews and include the entire somatoform spectrum of diagnoses. We conducted a register-based case-control study to...... background population. Data from the Danish National Registers were used to assess health care use in both primary and secondary care. RESULTS: Somatoform patients incurred 2.11 (2.09-2.12) times the primary care visits of controls. They had 3.12 (3.08-3.16) times as many somatic bed-days than controls and 3...

  16. Population-based register of acute myocardial infarction: manual of operations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mette; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Pajak, Andrzej;

    2007-01-01

    Set) to build up comparable and reliable indicators (attack rate and case fatality) for the surveillance of acute myocardial infarction/acute coronary syndrome at population level.This manual of operations is intended for health professionals and policy makers and provides a standardized and simple...... model for the implementation of a population-based register. It recommends to start from a minimum data set and then follow a stepwise procedure.Before implementing a population-based register, it is important to identify the target population under surveillance which should preferably cover a well...

  17. National register of diabetes mellitus in Russian Federation.

    OpenAIRE

    Ivan Ivanovich Dedov; Marina Vladimirovna Shestakova; Olga Konstantinovna Vikulova

    2015-01-01

    Clinical and epidemiological monitoring of diabetes in Russian Federation (RF) is carried out by the National diabetes register, which methodological and organizational reference center is Federal Endocrinology Research Centre. Since 2014 initiated the translation the National diabetes register on online software system in order to increase the effectiveness of the register as a scientific and analytical platform. The article include the analysis of DM prevalence, incidence,DM-related mortali...

  18. Poor Reporting of Scientific Leadership Information in Clinical Trial Registers

    OpenAIRE

    Melanie Sekeres; Gold, Jennifer L.; An-Wen Chan; Joel Lexchin; David Moher; Van Laethem, Marleen L. P.; James Maskalyk; Lorraine Ferris; Nathan Taback; Rochon, Paula A

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In September 2004, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) issued a Statement requiring that all clinical trials be registered at inception in a public register in order to be considered for publication. The World Health Organization (WHO) and ICMJE have identified 20 items that should be provided before a trial is considered registered, including contact information. Identifying those scientifically responsible for trial conduct increases accountability. Th...

  19. A genetic register for Huntington's chorea in South Wales.

    OpenAIRE

    P.S. Harper; Tyler, A; Smith, S.; P Jones; Newcombe, R G; McBroom, V

    1982-01-01

    A regional genetic register for Huntington's chorea in South Wales is described, based on previous family studies in this area, which is one of high prevalence for the disorder. The primary role of the register is to help in the efficient delivery of services, including genetic counselling, to affected subjects and relatives, and to monitor changes in the population at risk. The mode of operation of the register is described and the essential importance of strict confidentiality is stressed.

  20. Poor Reporting of Scientific Leadership Information in Clinical Trial Registers

    OpenAIRE

    Sekeres, Melanie; Jennifer L Gold; Chan, An-Wen; Lexchin, Joel; Moher, David; Van Laethem, Marleen L. P.; Maskalyk, James; Ferris, Lorraine; Taback, Nathan; Paula A Rochon

    2008-01-01

    Background In September 2004, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) issued a Statement requiring that all clinical trials be registered at inception in a public register in order to be considered for publication. The World Health Organization (WHO) and ICMJE have identified 20 items that should be provided before a trial is considered registered, including contact information. Identifying those scientifically responsible for trial conduct increases accountability. The...

  1. Australian immunisation registers: established foundations and opportunities for improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chin, L K; Crawford, N W; Rowles, G; Buttery, J P

    2012-01-01

    The National Immunisation Program Schedule in Australia is formulated and funded nationally under the population-wide Medicare system. The policy is implemented by the eight state and territory jurisdictions. The national immunisation registers consist of the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register (ACIR), and, more recently, the National Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccination Program Register. Moreover, a variety of jurisdiction-based registers and primary care practice software systems exist, which interact with the national registers. General practitioners can obtain reports listing patients under seven years attending their practice and recorded as 'not fully immunised', and immunisation coverage rates for their practice linked to government incentives through Medicare. A 2011 report documents national coverage of 91.8% fully immunised at 12 months, and 92.6% at 24 months. The HPV register provides information on vaccination coverage with the potential to link with a register of cervical cancer screening results. Limitations of current national register include inability to easily access immunisation histories beyond seven years of age, and issues of underreporting and timeliness, which impact significantly the immunisation coverage estimates. The linkage of these registers with healthcare outcome data will further enhance public health outcomes by enabling rapid, population-level vaccine safety and effectiveness investigations in a nation with a track record as an 'early adopter' of new childhood vaccines.

  2. An improved approach of register allocation via graph coloring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Lei; Shi, Ce

    2005-03-01

    Register allocation is an important part of optimizing compiler. The algorithm of register allocation via graph coloring is implemented by Chaitin and his colleagues firstly and improved by Briggs and others. By abstracting register allocation to graph coloring, the allocation process is simplified. As the physical register number is limited, coloring of the interference graph can"t succeed for every node. The uncolored nodes must be spilled. There is an assumption that almost all the allocation method obeys: when a register is allocated to a variable v, it can"t be used by others before v quit even if v is not used for a long time. This may causes a waste of register resource. The authors relax this restriction under certain conditions and make some improvement. In this method, one register can be mapped to two or more interfered "living" live ranges at the same time if they satisfy some requirements. An operation named merge is defined which can arrange two interfered nodes occupy the same register with some cost. Thus, the resource of register can be used more effectively and the cost of memory access can be reduced greatly.

  3. Australian immunisation registers: established foundations and opportunities for improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chin, L K; Crawford, N W; Rowles, G; Buttery, J P

    2012-01-01

    The National Immunisation Program Schedule in Australia is formulated and funded nationally under the population-wide Medicare system. The policy is implemented by the eight state and territory jurisdictions. The national immunisation registers consist of the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register (ACIR), and, more recently, the National Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccination Program Register. Moreover, a variety of jurisdiction-based registers and primary care practice software systems exist, which interact with the national registers. General practitioners can obtain reports listing patients under seven years attending their practice and recorded as 'not fully immunised', and immunisation coverage rates for their practice linked to government incentives through Medicare. A 2011 report documents national coverage of 91.8% fully immunised at 12 months, and 92.6% at 24 months. The HPV register provides information on vaccination coverage with the potential to link with a register of cervical cancer screening results. Limitations of current national register include inability to easily access immunisation histories beyond seven years of age, and issues of underreporting and timeliness, which impact significantly the immunisation coverage estimates. The linkage of these registers with healthcare outcome data will further enhance public health outcomes by enabling rapid, population-level vaccine safety and effectiveness investigations in a nation with a track record as an 'early adopter' of new childhood vaccines. PMID:22551464

  4. Câncer de mama feminino: aspectos clínicos e patológicos dos casos cadastrados de 2005 a 2008 num serviço público de oncologia de Sergipe Female breast cancer: clinical and pathological aspects of cases registered between 2005 and 2008 at a public oncology service in the Brazilian State of Sergipe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Luíza Conceição Gonçalves

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: conhecer os aspectos clínicos e patológicos dos casos de câncer de mama feminino cadastrados num serviço público de oncologia de Sergipe. MÉTODOS: procurou-se fazer uma associação do estadiamento com as características presentes nos tumores. A coleta de dados foi realizada em 165 prontuários de mulheres cadastradas no período de 2005 a 2008 no ambulatório de oncologia do Hospital Cirurgia, localizado em Aracaju-Sergipe, por meio de formulário de coleta de dados, em 2009. RESULTADOS: identificou-se o carcinoma ductal invasivo como o tipo de neoplasia mamária mais frequente com 80,8% dos casos; 76 (46,1% neoplasias foram diagnosticadas em estádio avançado (IIB, III e IV e a mastectomia prevaleceu como tipo de cirurgia utilizado no tratamento independente do estadiamento. Quanto aos receptores hormonais todos apresentaram associação com o grau do estádio e, ainda, notou-se que a positividade do estrogênio e progesterona é fator de proteção para um pior prognóstico. CONCLUSÃO: é notável que os casos de câncer de mama estudados apresentam maior agressividade biológica, cursando com pior prognóstico, considerando o estádio clínico. Fazem-se necessárias ações de detecção precoce voltadas ao câncer de mama na atenção básica de Sergipe para redução da morbi-mortalidade, melhora da sobrevida e qualidade de vida entre as mulheres acometidas por essa neoplasia.OBJECTIVES: to discover the clinical and pathologic aspects of cases of female breast cancer registered at a public oncology service in Sergipe. METHODS: an attempt was made to associate the stage with the characteristics of the tumors. Data was gathered from 165 medical records taken between 2005 and 2008 at the oncology outpatients clinic of the Hospital Cirurgia, in the city of Aracaju, Sergipe, using a data collection form in 2009. RESULTS: ductal invasive carcinoma was identified as the most frequent kind of neoplasia, accounting for 80.8% of

  5. Percolative model of proton conductivity of Nafion {sup registered} membranes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costamagna, Paola; Grosso, Simone; Di Felice, Renzo [DICheP, Department of Chemical and Process Engineering ' G.B. Bonino' , University of Genoa, Via Opera Pia 15, 16145 Genoa (Italy)

    2008-04-01

    A model is proposed for the simulation of Nafion {sup registered} proton conductivity, where it is assumed that proton conduction occurs only in the water present in the membrane pores. Water is considered to be present in the pores due to two different phenomena: adsorption and capillary condensation. In the latter case, the pore is flooded and proton conduction occurs throughout the whole pore section. The conditions under which capillary condensation occurs are simulated in the model through the Kelvin-Cohan equation for condensation. The Kelvin-Cohan equation is a function of RH, temperature and the pore radius; the larger the pore, the higher the RH for which capillary condensation takes place. If the conditions for capillary condensation are not satisfied, then water is present in the pore due to adsorption under the form of a water layer which covers the pore walls and provides a path for proton conduction. In this case, the modified Brunauer-Emmet-Teller (BET) equation has been used in the model to simulate the thickness of the water layer. In both cases of capillary condensation and adsorption, the conductance g of a pore has then been calculated through the formula g = {kappa}S/l, where {kappa} is the proton conductivity of water, S the cross-section of the pore volume which is occupied by water, and l is the pore length. Pores of different size are present in the membrane (data of pore size distribution have been extracted from the literature); connectivity of the water layers present in the different pores is necessary in order to achieve a continuous path of proton conduction through the membrane, which is a percolation problem. To this end, the structure of the membrane pores has been simulated in the model through the effective medium approximation (EMA). The simulation results of proton conductivity of the membrane show good agreement with literature experimental data, even when varying the RH operating conditions. (author)

  6. The European Register of Specialists in Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: guide to the Register, version 3-2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McMurray, Janet; Zérah, Simone; Hallworth, Michael;

    2010-01-01

    In 1997, the European Communities Confederation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EC4) set up a Register for European Specialists in Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. The operation of the Register is undertaken by a Register Commission (EC4RC). During the last 12 years, more...... than 2200 specialists in Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine have joined the Register. In 2007, EC4 merged with the Forum of European Societies of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (FESCC) to form the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFCC). Two previous...

  7. A Disease Register for ME/CFS: Report of a Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Featherstone Valerie

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The ME/CFS Disease Register is one of six subprojects within the National ME/CFS Observatory, a research programme funded by the Big Lottery Fund and sponsored by Action for ME. A pilot study in East Anglia, East Yorkshire, and London aimed to address the problem of identifying representative groups of subjects for research, in order to be able to draw conclusions applicable to the whole ME/CFS population. While not aiming for comprehensive population coverage, this pilot register sought to recruit participants with ME/CFS in an unbiased way from a large population base. Those recruited are constituting a cohort for long-term follow-up to shed light on prognosis, and a sampling frame for other studies. Findings Patients with unidentified chronic fatigue were identified in GP databases using a READ-code based algorithm, and conformity to certain case definitions for ME/CFS determined. 29 practices, covering a population aged 18 to 64 of 143,153, participated. 510 patients with unexplained chronic fatigue were identified. 265 of these conformed to one or more case definitions. 216 were invited to join the register; 160 agreed. 96.9% of participants conformed to the CDC 1994 (Fukuda definition; the Canadian definition defined more precisely a subset of these. The addition of an epidemiological case definition increased case ascertainment by approximately 4%. A small-scale study in a specialist referral service in East Anglia was also undertaken. There was little difference in pattern of conformity to case definitions, age or sex among disease register participants compared with subjects in a parallel epidemiological study who declined to participate. One-year follow-up of 50 subjects showed little change in pain or fatigue scores. There were some changes in conformity to case definitions. Conclusions Objective evaluation indicated that the aim of recruiting participants with ME/CFS to a Disease Register had been fulfilled, and

  8. 5 CFR 315.301 - Tenure on appointment from register.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....301 Section 315.301 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CAREER AND CAREER-CONDITIONAL EMPLOYMENT Career or Career-Conditional Employment From Registers § 315.301... appointed from a register for other than temporary or term employment becomes a career-conditional...

  9. Social and Linguistic Cues Facilitate Children's Register Comprehension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Laura; Vega-Mendoza, Mariana; Van Horn, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    Speakers must command different linguistic registers to index various social-discourse elements, including the identity of the addressee. Previous work found that English-learning children could link registers to appropriate addressees by 5 years. Two experiments found that better cues to the linguistic form or to the social meaning of register…

  10. Homophobia in Registered Nurses: Impact on LGB Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackwell, Christopher W.; Kiehl, Ermalynn M.

    2008-01-01

    This study examined registered nurses' overall attitudes and homophobia towards gays and lesbians in the workplace. Homophobia scores, represented by the Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men (ATLG) Scale, was the dependent variable. Overall homophobia scores were assessed among a randomized stratified sample of registered nurses licensed in the…

  11. Illegal immigration and the general register of foreigners in Venezuela.

    OpenAIRE

    Michelena A; Antequera R; Mota C

    1984-01-01

    ILO pub. Working paper on irregular migrants (mainly immigration from Colombia) and the General Register of Foreigners in Venezuela - covers immigration in the 1970s and its relationship to economic conditions, migration policy, and the legal aspects and institutional framework for registering and legalizing immigrants. Bibliography. Restricted.

  12. Path Specific Register Design to Reduce Standby Power Consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emre Salman

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available A methodology is proposed to design low leakage registers by considering the type of timing path, i.e., short or long, and type of register, i.e., launching or capturing. Three different dual threshold voltage registers are developed where each register trades, depending upon the timing path, a different timing constraint for reducing the leakage current. For example, the first proposed register is used as a launching register in a noncritical path, trading clock-to-Q delay for leakage current. Other timing constraints such as setup and hold times are maintained the same not to introduce any timing violations. Alternatively, the second and third registers, trade, respectively, setup time and hold time for leakage current while maintaining clock-to-Q delay constant. The effect of the proposed methodology on leakage current is investigated for four technology nodes. The overall reduction in the leakage current of a register can exceed 90% while maintaining the clock frequency and other design parameters such as area and dynamic power the same. Three ISCAS 89 benchmark circuits are utilized to evaluate the methodology, demonstrating, on average, 23% reduction in the overall leakage current.

  13. Organic Centre Wales Factsheet 5: Register of accredited organic advisors

    OpenAIRE

    Anon

    2006-01-01

    This factsheet provides a register of consultants accredited by the Organic Centre Wales along with contact details and an indication of their specialist knowledge. All advisors deliver organic advice under Farming Connect. Information on becoming a registered organic advisor is also provided.

  14. Register-allocated paging for big data calculations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Software to support the Monte Carlo method generates large vectors of pseudo-random numbers and uses these as operands in complex mathematical expressions. When such software is run on standard PC-based hardware, the volume of data involved often exceeds the physical RAM available. To address this problem, vectors must be paged out to disk and paged back in when required. This paging is often the performance bottleneck limiting the execution speed of the software. Because the mathematical expressions are specified in advance of execution, predictive solutions are possible – for instance, by treating the problem similarly to register allocation. The problem of allocating scalar variables to processor registers is a widely studied aspect of compiler implementation. A register allocation algorithm decides which variable is held in which register, when the value in a register can be overwritten, and when a value is stored in, or later retrieved from, main memory. In this paper, register allocation techniques are used to plan the paging of vectors in Monte Carlo software. Two register allocation algorithms are applied to invented vector programs written in a prototype low-level vector language and the results are compared. Keywords: Big Data, Compiler, Monte Carlo, Paging, Performance, Register Allocation.

  15. Netherlands Twin Register : a focus on longitudinal research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boomsma, DI; Vink, JM; van Beijsterveldt, TCEM; de Geus, EJC; Beem, AL; Mulder, EJCM; Derks, EM; Riese, H; Willemsen, GAHM; Bartels, M; van den Berg, M; Kupper, NHM; Polderman, TJC; Posthuma, D; Rietveld, MJH; Stubbe, JH; Knol, LI; Stroet, T; van Baal, GCM

    2002-01-01

    In 1986 we began The Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) by recruiting young twins and multiples a few weeks or months after birth. Currently we register around 50% of all newborn multiples in The Netherlands. Their parents receive a questionnaire at registration and afterwards when the children are 2,

  16. Implementation of a genetic logic circuit: bio-register.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chun-Liang; Kuo, Ting-Yu; Chen, Yang-Yi

    2015-12-01

    We introduce an idea of synthesizing a class of genetic registers based on the existing sequential biological circuits, which are composed of fundamental biological gates. In the renowned literature, biological gates and genetic oscillator have been unveiled and experimentally realized in recent years. These biological circuits have formed a basis for realizing a primitive biocomputer. In the traditional computer architecture, there is an intermediate load-store section, i.e. a register, which serves as a part of the digital processor. With which, the processor can load data from a larger memory into it and proceed to conduct necessary arithmetic or logic operations. Then, manipulated data are stored back to the memory by instruction via the register. We propose here a class of bio-registers for the biocomputer. Four types of register structures are presented. In silicon experiments illustrate results of the proposed design. PMID:26702308

  17. The European Register of Specialists in Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: guide to the Register, version 3-2010.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McMurray, Janet

    2010-07-01

    In 1997, the European Communities Confederation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EC4) set up a Register for European Specialists in Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. The operation of the Register is undertaken by a Register Commission (EC4RC). During the last 12 years, more than 2200 specialists in Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine have joined the Register. In 2007, EC4 merged with the Forum of European Societies of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (FESCC) to form the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFCC). Two previous Guides to the Register have been published, one in 1997 and another in 2003. The third version of the Guide is presented in this article and is based on the experience gained and development of the profession since the last revision. Registration is valid for 5 years and the procedure and criteria for re-registration are presented as an Appendix at the end of the article.

  18. 20 years TraumaRegister DGU(®): development, aims and structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    The TraumaRegister DGU(®) organisational and technical development has undergone an evolution process, which started 20 years ago. Currently, the management of the registry is under the management of the "AUC - Academy for Trauma Surgery" (infrastructure) and the "Sektion NIS" (scientific responsibility). The aim of the registry was to establish an inter-hospital quality assessment tool with the option to use the increasing database for scientific evaluations of acute care. Year after year and most recently with the obligatory participation of certified hospitals the number of participating hospitals has grown as well as the registered cases per annum. Recently, even hospitals from other countries joined the registry too. Starting with six German hospitals and 260 cases in 1993, 20 years later more than 600 hospitals from eleven countries deliver over 30,000 trauma cases per year resulting in over 150,000 reported cases until 2013. In this article a historical perspective is presented of the evolution and current status of the TraumaRegister DGU(®). PMID:25284237

  19. 20 years TraumaRegister DGU(®): development, aims and structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    The TraumaRegister DGU(®) organisational and technical development has undergone an evolution process, which started 20 years ago. Currently, the management of the registry is under the management of the "AUC - Academy for Trauma Surgery" (infrastructure) and the "Sektion NIS" (scientific responsibility). The aim of the registry was to establish an inter-hospital quality assessment tool with the option to use the increasing database for scientific evaluations of acute care. Year after year and most recently with the obligatory participation of certified hospitals the number of participating hospitals has grown as well as the registered cases per annum. Recently, even hospitals from other countries joined the registry too. Starting with six German hospitals and 260 cases in 1993, 20 years later more than 600 hospitals from eleven countries deliver over 30,000 trauma cases per year resulting in over 150,000 reported cases until 2013. In this article a historical perspective is presented of the evolution and current status of the TraumaRegister DGU(®).

  20. EULAR points to consider when establishing, analysing and reporting safety data of biologics registers in rheumatology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dixon, William G; Carmona, Loreto; Finckh, Axel;

    2010-01-01

    upon safety data generated from observational drug registers makes it important to convert the lessons learned from such registers into recommendations for rheumatologists embarking upon the establishment of future registers, or analysing and reporting from new and existing registers....

  1. The System of Register Labels in plWordNet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Maziarz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The System of Register Labels in plWordNetStylistic registers influence word usage. Both traditional dictionaries and wordnets assign lexical units to registers, and there is a wide range of solutions. A system of register labels can be flat or hierarchical, with few labels or many, homogeneous or decomposed into sets of elementary features. We review the register label systems in lexicography, and then discuss our model, designed for plWordNet, a large wordnet for Polish. There follows a detailed comparative analysis of several register systems in Polish lexical resources. We also present the practical effect of the adoption of our flat, small and homogeneous system: a relatively high consistency of register assignment in plWordNet, as measured by inter-annotator agreement on a manageable sample. Large-scale conclusions for the whole plWordNet remain to be made once the annotation has been completed, but the experience half-way through this labour-intensive exercise is very encouraging.

  2. Obesity research based on the Copenhagen School Health Records Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baker, Jennifer L; Sørensen, Thorkild I A

    2011-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: To summarise key findings from research performed using data from the Copenhagen School Health Records Register over the last 30 years with a main focus on obesity-related research. The register contains computerised anthropometric information on 372,636 schoolchildren from the capi......INTRODUCTION: To summarise key findings from research performed using data from the Copenhagen School Health Records Register over the last 30 years with a main focus on obesity-related research. The register contains computerised anthropometric information on 372,636 schoolchildren from...... the capital city of Denmark. Additional information on the cohort members has been obtained via linkages with population studies and national registers. RESEARCH TOPICS: Studies using data from the register have made important contributions in the areas of the aetiology of obesity, the development...... of the obesity epidemic, and the long-term health consequences of birth weight as well as body size and growth in childhood. CONCLUSION: Research using this unique register is ongoing, and its contributions to the study of obesity as well as other topics will continue for years to come....

  3. The association between fluoride in drinking water and dental caries in Danish children. Linking data from health registers, environmental registers and administrative registers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkeskov, Lilli; Kristiansen, Eva; Bøggild, Henrik;

    2010-01-01

    to assess the correlations, adjusting for gender and taxable family income as a proxy variable for socioeconomic status. Results: Fluoride concentration in drinking water varied considerably within the country from very low (1 mg/l), a reduction of approximately 50% was found. Similar findings were found......Kirkeskov L, Kristiansen E, Bøggild H, von Platen-Hallermund F, Sckerl H, Carlsen A, Larsen MJ, Poulsen S. The association between fluoride in drinking water and dental caries in Danish children. Linking data from health registers, environmental registers and administrative registers. Community...... Dent Oral Epidemiol 2010. (c) 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S Abstract - Objectives: To study the association between fluoride concentration in drinking water and dental caries in Danish children. Methods: The study linked registry data on fluoride concentration in drinking water over a 10-year period...

  4. Validation of hospital register-based diagnosis of Parkinson's disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wermuth, Lene; Lassen, Christina Funch; Himmerslev, Liselotte;

    2012-01-01

    Denmark has a long-standing tradition of maintaining one of the world's largest health science specialized register data bases as the National Hospital Register (NHR). To estimate the prevalence and incidence of diseases, the correctness of the diagnoses recorded is critical. Parkinson's disease...... (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder and only 75-80% of patients with parkinsonism will have idiopathic PD (iPD). It is necessary to follow patients in order to determine if some of them will develop other neurodegenerative diseases and a one-time-only diagnostic code for iPD reported in the register...

  5. Register-based statistics statistical methods for administrative data

    CERN Document Server

    Wallgren, Anders

    2014-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive and up to date treatment of  theory and practical implementation in Register-based statistics. It begins by defining the area, before explaining how to structure such systems, as well as detailing alternative approaches. It explains how to create statistical registers, how to implement quality assurance, and the use of IT systems for register-based statistics. Further to this, clear details are given about the practicalities of implementing such statistical methods, such as protection of privacy and the coordination and coherence of such an undertaking. Thi

  6. Editorial: HOW THE CENTRE OF MALAYSIAN POLITICS SHIFTED TO THE ISLAMIST REGISTER 1969-2009

    OpenAIRE

    Editor Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies

    2009-01-01

    One of the most obvious observations that can be made about the form and content of Malaysian politics, political discourse and political culture today is how the country has shifted to a visibly more Islamist register, with the symbols and vocabulary of political Islam gaining prominence and visibility over the past four decades. This is particularly true in the case of Malaysia’s civil society space, which was once dominated by secular Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs), mass movements a...

  7. Same-sex partners in Hungary Cohabitation and registered partnership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orsolya Szeibert-Erdős

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Same-sex partners cannot enter into marriage according to current Hungarian law. However, they can live together in unmarried cohabitation, which does have certain limited legal consequences for example in the field of civil law. In December 2007, the Hungarian Parliament approved the Act on Registered Partnership, which will enter into force in January 2009. Registered partnership, being a new institution in Hungarian Law, grants almost the all the rights of marriage to both same-sex and different-sex couples. The property consequences will be identical, but registered partners will neither be able to bear each other’s surname nor jointly adopt a child. This submission offers a survey of the rules on cohabitation as well as the rules of the new Registered Partnership Act, taking into account the decisions of the Constitutional Court and the stages of the codification process of the new Civil Code relevant to the status of homosexuals.

  8. 32 CFR 505.11 - Federal Register publishing requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS ARMY PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM § 505.11 Federal Register publishing requirements... incorporated into the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Privacy Act system of records notices are not published in the CFR....

  9. Validation of epilepsy diagnoses in the Danish National Hospital Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jakob; Vestergaard, Mogens; Olsen, Jørn;

    2007-01-01

    PURPOSE: To validate the diagnosis of epilepsy in the Danish National Hospital Register. METHODS: We randomly selected 200 patients registered with epilepsy in the Danish National Hospital Register between 1977 and 2002 and validated the diagnosis according to the guidelines developed...... by the International League Against Epilepsy. RESULTS: We reviewed the medical records of 188 (94%) persons from 57 departments at 41 hospitals. The epilepsy diagnoses were confirmed in 153 patients, providing a positive predictive value for epilepsy of 81% (95% confidence interval (95% CI): 75-87%). Among the 35...... patients who did not fulfill the criteria for epilepsy, 14 were admitted after a single, unprovoked seizure. Among patients registered with epilepsy the positive predictive value of seizure disorder was 89% (95% CI: 83-93%). Among patients classified with epilepsy syndromes, the positive predictive value...

  10. Government Districts, Other, National Register districts, Published in 2006, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Government Districts, Other dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It is described as 'National Register...

  11. Work-Related Variables and Turnover Intention among Registered Nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pooyan, Abdullah; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Health institutions have become more interested in the causes of job turnover among registered nurses. Proper management of job turnover can improve the financial health and long-term survival of health care institutions. (Author)

  12. Register and Genre: Implications for College English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩星

    2008-01-01

    Linguistic knowledge of register and genre have been presented in the paper. The key point is how genre-based conceptions of language can be applied in college English teaching. The aim of the paper is to make teachers develop a consciousness of genre and register, which enables them to identify and focus on whatever aspect of language in use the learner needs most help with.

  13. Mesh hernia repair and male infertility: A retrospective register study.

    OpenAIRE

    Hallén, Magnus; Westerdahl, Johan; Nordin, Pär; Gunnarsson, Ulf; Sandblom, Gabriel

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that the use of mesh in groin hernia repair may be associated with an increased risk for male infertility as a result of inflammatory obliteration of structures in the spermatic cord. In a recent study, we could not find an increased incidence of involuntary childlessness. The aim of this study was to evaluate this issue further. METHODS: Men born between 1950 and 1989, with a hernia repair registered in the Swedish Hernia Register between 1992 and ...

  14. Change detection in registered psoriasis lesion image patterns

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maletti, Gabriela Mariel; Ersbøll, Bjarne Kjær

    2003-01-01

    The M.A.D. Transform is applied to pairs of registered psoriasis lesion patterns within and between weekly sessions. Color band contribution to the first M.A.D. component is analyzed.......The M.A.D. Transform is applied to pairs of registered psoriasis lesion patterns within and between weekly sessions. Color band contribution to the first M.A.D. component is analyzed....

  15. Should the European Commission Enact a Mandatory Lobby Register?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Direnc Kanol

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the literature on the mandatory government regulation/self-regulation approaches to regulating interest group behaviour. The findings of the author suggest that the voluntary register of the European Commission is bound to fail. The European Commission should implement a mandatory register as soon as possible if the genuine aim of the incumbents is to overcome the Commission’s accountability deficit.

  16. Design of Universal Shift Register Using Reversible Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Hasanuzzaman

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Reversible sequential circuits are considered the significant memory block for their ultra-low power consumption. Universal shift register is an important memory element of the sequential circuit family. In this paper we proposed efficient design of reversible universal shift register that is optimized in terms of quantum cost, delay and garbage outputs. Appropriate theorems and lemmas are presented to clarify the proposed designs and establish its efficiency.

  17. Quantitative analysis of vocal fold vibration during register change by high-speed digital imaging system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumada, Masanobu; Kobayashi, Noriko; Hirose, Hajime; Tayama, Niro; Imagawa, Hiroshi; Sakakibara, Ken-Ichi; Nito, Takaharu; Kakurai, Shin'ichi; Kumada, Chieko; Wada, Mamiko; Niimi, Seiji

    2002-05-01

    The physiological study of prosody is indispensable in terms not only of the physiological interest but also of the evaluation and treatment for pathological cases of prosody. In free talk, the changes of vocal fold vibration are found frequently and these phenomena are very important prosodic events. To analyze quantitatively the vocal fold vibration at the register change as the model of prosodic event, our high-speed digital imaging system was used at a rate of 4500 images of 256-256 pixels per second. Four healthy Japanese adults (2 males and 2 females) were served as subjects. Tasks were sustained phonation containing register changes. Two major categories (Category A and B) were found in the ways of changing of vocal fold vibrations at the register change. In Category A, changes were very smooth in terms of the vocal fold vibration. In Category B, changes were not so smooth with some additional events at the register change, such as the anterior-posterior phase difference of the vibration, the abduction of the vocal folds, or the interruption of the phonation. The number of the subtypes for Category B is thought to increase if more subjects with a wider range of variety are analyzed. For the study of prosody, our high-speed digital imaging system is a very powerful tool by which physiological information can be obtained.

  18. Subcutaneous fat necrosis in neonates with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy registered in the Swiss National Asphyxia and Cooling Register

    OpenAIRE

    Grass, Beate; Weibel, Lisa; Hagmann, Cornelia; Brotschi, Barbara

    2015-01-01

    Background Neonates with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) are routinely treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH) for 72 h in order to improve neurological outcome. Subcutaneous fat necrosis (SCFN) is an adverse event occurring in neonates with HIE. Methods We analyzed risk factors for SCFN regarding demographic factors, cooling methods and deviation from target temperature range during hypothermia therapy. Data of all neonates registered in the National Asphyxia and Cooling Register in...

  19. Effect of Registered Partnership on Labor Earnings and Fertility for Same-Sex Couples: Evidence From Swedish Register Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldén, Lina; Edlund, Lena; Hammarstedt, Mats; Mueller-Smith, Michael

    2015-08-01

    The expansion of legal rights to same-sex couples is afoot in a number of Western countries. The effects of this rollout are not only important in their own right but can also provide a window on the institution of marriage and the rights bundled therein. In this article, using Swedish longitudinal register data covering 1994-2007, we study the impact of the extension of rights to same-sex couples on labor earnings and fertility. In 1994, registered partnership for same-sex couples was introduced, which conferred almost all rights and obligations of marriage-a notable exception being joint legal parenting, by default or election. The latter was added in the 2002 adoption act. We find registered partnership to be important to both gays and lesbians but for different reasons. For gays, resource pooling emerges as the main function of registered partnerships. For lesbians, registered partnership appears to be an important vehicle for family formation, especially after the 2002 adoption act. In contrast to heterosexual couples (included for comparison), we find no evidence of household specialization among lesbians. The lack of specialization is noteworthy given similar fertility effects of registered partnership (after 2002) and the fact that lesbian couples were less assortatively matched (on education) than heterosexual couples-children and unequal earnings power being two factors commonly believed to promote specialization. PMID:26126882

  20. Ny viden – gamle idéer: Elektroniske registre i den danske centraladministration [New Knowledge – Old Ideas: Electronic registers in the Danish Central Administration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Else Hansen

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Before the 1970s, registers were primarily used for individual reference, for which purpose paper registers are quite adequate. The first electronic registers rationalised the collection and availability of information and improved the possibilities of collecting statistics. In the 1970s, advanced statistics and prognoses were prerequisites for centralised social planning. From 1979 onwards, law regulated the use of electronic registers. This prevented the misuse of personal information concerning individuals. In the 1980s, processes and results that had previously been viewed as immeasurable, became better defined and were becoming measurable. At the same time as electronic registers were adapting to their new functions, they were still being used for individual references.The study includes four case studies, each illustrating distinctive features in the history of electronic registers. With the registration of university students’ examinations, the Ministry was able to build up a result-orientated basis for the distribution of funds to the university, that is, the new register met new political needs. Establishing the Central Civil Registration meant that every citizen was given his/her own number which was used as an identi­fier in any state register concerning the citizens. Hence, pieces of information in different electronic registers could be combined. The Electronic Aliens Register replaced a huge paper register and made access to the register much easier for regional and state authorities than it had been previously. And finally, municipal autonomy made it difficult to establish the National Patient Registry. Local registers that referred to common guidelines had to be accepted in order for the registry to become functional.

  1. Electroglottographic parameterization of the effects of gender, vowel and phonatory registers on vocal fold vibratory patterns: an Indian perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul, Nilanjan; Kumar, Suman; Chatterjee, Indranil; Mukherjee, Biswarup

    2011-01-01

    have significantly greater CQ values than females both at modal and vocal fry phonations which indicate that the males are predisposed to greater vocal fold constriction. Females demonstrated no significant increase in CI values in vocal fry state; and in some cases actually decrease in the CI values which suggest an inherently distinct vocal fold physiological adjustment from that in males. No vowel effects were found in any conditions. Perturbation values (CQP and CIP) are significantly more in vocal fry register than in modal register, and the increase was more in case of females than males. The findings give strong evidence to certain hypotheses in literature regarding effects of vowel, gender and phonatory register on vocal fold vibratory patterns. PMID:22319713

  2. Registered error between PET and CT images confirmed by a water model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The registered error between PET and CT imaging system was confirmed by a water model simulating clinical cases. A barrel of 6750 mL was filled with 59.2 MBq [18F]-FDG and scanned after 80 min by 2 dimension model PET/CT. The CT images were used to attenuate the PET images. The CT/PET images were obtained by image morphological processing analyses without barrel wall. The relationship of the water image centroids of CT and PET images was established by linear regression analysis, and the registered error between PET and CT image could be computed one slice by one slice. The alignment program was done 4 times following the protocol given by GE Healthcare. Compared with centroids of water CT images, centroids of PET images were shifted to X-axis (0.011slice+0.63) mm, to Y-axis (0.022×slice+1.35) mm. To match CT images, PET images should be translated along X-axis (-2.69±0.15) mm, Y-axis (0.43±0.11) mm, Z-axis (0.86±0.23) mm, and X-axis be rotated by (0.06±0.07)°, Y-axis by (-0.01±0.08)°, and Z-axis by (0.11±0.07)°. So, the systematic registered error was not affected by load and its distribution. By finding the registered error between PET and CT images for coordinate rotation random error, the water model could confirm the registered results of PET-CT system corrected by Alignment parameters. (authors)

  3. Register Clustering Methodology for Low Power Clock Tree Synthesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓超; 蔡懿慈; 周强

    2015-01-01

    Clock networks dissipate a significant fraction of the entire chip power budget. Therefore, the optimization for power consumption of clock networks has become one of the most important objectives in high performance IC designs. In contrast to most of the traditional studies that handle this problem with clock routing or buffer insertion strategy, this paper proposes a novel register clustering methodology in generating the leaf level topology of the clock tree to reduce the power consumption. Three register clustering algorithms called KMR, KSR and GSR are developed and a comprehensive study of them is discussed in this paper. Meanwhile, a buffer allocation algorithm is proposed to satisfy the slew constraint within the clusters at a minimum cost of power consumption. We integrate our algorithms into a classical clock tree synthesis (CTS) flow to test the register clustering methodology on ISPD 2010 benchmark circuits. Experimental results show that all the three register clustering algorithms achieve more than 20% reduction in power consumption without affecting the skew and the maximum latency of the clock tree. As the most effective method among the three algorithms, GSR algorithm achieves a 31%reduction in power consumption as well as a 4%reduction in skew and a 5%reduction in maximum latency. Moreover, the total runtime of the CTS flow with our register clustering algorithms is significantly reduced by almost an order of magnitude.

  4. Bioactivity of polyurethane-based scaffolds coated with Bioglass (registered)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Polyurethane (PUR) and polyurethane/poly(d, l-lactide) acid (PUR/PDLLA) based scaffolds coated with Bioglass (registered) particles for application in bone tissue engineering were fabricated. The slurry-dipping method was used for coating preparation. The homogeneous structure of the Bioglass (registered) coatings on the surface of the PUR and PUR/PDLLA foams indicated a good adhesion of the bioactive glass particles to polyurethane without any additional surface treatment. In vitro studies in simulated body fluid (SBF) were performed to study the influence of Bioglass (registered) coating on biodegrability and bioactivity of PUR-based scaffolds. The surface of Bioglass (registered) -coated samples was covered by a layer of carbonate-containing apatite after 7 days of immersion in SBF, while in uncoated polymer samples apatite crystals were not detected even after 21 days of immersion in SBF. The apatite layer was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), EDS analysis and attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR-ATR). Weight loss measurements showed that the in vitro degradation rate of the composite scaffolds in SBF was higher in comparison to uncoated polyurethane samples. PUR and PUR/PDLLA foams with Bioglass (registered) coating have potential to be used as bioactive, biodegradable scaffolds in bone tissue engineering

  5. A Study on the Crime of Counterfeiting Registered Trademarks From Substantive Interpretation Perspective:A Case of Trademark Infringement“Confusion Likelihood”Standard%实质解释视域下的假冒注册商标罪研究--以商标侵权“混淆可能性”标准为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永升; 冯文杰

    2015-01-01

    The literal interpretation of the Article 213 of Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China can neither reasonably define the substantial content of the counterfeiting registered trademarks crime,nor rationally comb the counterfeiting acts deserving punishing and the counterfeiting activities not deserving punishing.Only when multiple rational investigations between the regulations and the facts are made,can the substantial contents of the crime of counterfeiting registered trademarks be rationally defined.Specifically speaking,the true legal interests of the counterfeiting registered trademarks crime can only be located based on the substantive interpre-tation.The definition of the counterfeiting trademarks crime acts or non -crime acts can be made by considering the "confusion likelihood"standard of counterfeit trademark infringement and the criminal protection system of trademark right under the TRIPS Agreement.%仅仅形式化地解释《刑法》第213条的文字含义,无法合理界定假冒注册商标罪的实质内涵,亦无法理性地将值得科处刑罚的假冒行为与不值得科处刑罚的假冒行为梳理出来。目光在规范与事实之间必须多次往返,方可以理性界定假冒注册商标罪的实质内涵。质言之,必须以实质解释的立场界定假冒注册商标罪的真正法益,并结合假冒型商标侵权“混淆可能性”标准、TRIPS 协议视域下的商标权刑事保护体系,对假冒商标行为的罪与非罪做出合理的界定。

  6. On the Practicality of Atomic MWMR Register Implementations

    CERN Document Server

    Georgiou, Chryssis

    2011-01-01

    Multiple-writer/multiple-reader (MWMR) atomic register implementations provide precise consistency guarantees, in the asynchronous, crash-prone, message passing environment. Fast MWMR atomic register implementations were first introduced in Englert et al. 2009. Fastness is measured in terms of the number of single round read and write operations that does not sacrifice correctness. In Georgiou et al. 2011 was shown, however, that decreasing the communication cost is not enough in these implementations. In particular, considering that the performance is measured in terms of the latency of read and write operations due to both (a) communication delays and (b)local computation, they introduced two new algorithms that traded communication for reducing computation. As computation is still part of the algorithms, someone may wonder: What is the trade-off between communication and local computation in real-time systems? In this work we conduct an experimental performance evaluation of four MWMR atomic register imple...

  7. Incidence of register-based diabetes 10 years after a stepwise diabetes screening programme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Signe S; Johansen, Nanna B; Witte, Daniel R;

    2016-01-01

    analyses. RESULTS: After 10 years of follow-up 1,164 new diabetes cases were registered. Incidence rates were 1.0, 4.2, 14.5, 28.8 and 52.6 per 1,000 person-years in individuals at low risk and in those with normal glucose tolerance, impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance and one diabetic...... criteria. Seven incremental levels of diabetes risk were defined and followed for incident diabetes recorded in the Danish National Diabetes Register until December 2012. For each group, cumulative diabetes incidence was calculated. Incidence rates and rate ratios were estimated by Poisson regression......AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Screening programmes for type 2 diabetes inevitably find more people at high risk of developing diabetes than people with undiagnosed prevalent diabetes. We describe the incidence of diabetes for risk groups according to advancement in a screening process. METHODS: In 2001...

  8. Assessment of sites concerning radioactive contamination during preparation of a Contamination Site Register

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experience gained since 1990 in the new, but also old German Federal States has shown that there are radioactive contaminated sites beside the legacies of uranium mining in Germany which caused exposures exceeding the radiation protection limits for members of the public. The reason for this situation is that radioactivity has been excluded in the compilation of the register for potentially hazardous sites that are prepared routinely in the context of soil protection assessments. Moreover, the information contained in these registers is not yet evaluated regarding aspects of radioactivity. In many cases, the information existing at the soil protection authorities needs only to be additionally filtered in order to identify potentially hazardous sites for radioactive contamination. For that reason, the working group ''Natural radioactivity'' (AKNAT) of the German-Swiss Radiation Protection Association developed a specific catalogue of business branches that provides indications for radioactive legacies.

  9. A proposed architecture and method of operation for improving the protection of privacy and confidentiality in disease registers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Churches Tim

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Disease registers aim to collect information about all instances of a disease or condition in a defined population of individuals. Traditionally methods of operating disease registers have required that notifications of cases be identified by unique identifiers such as social security number or national identification number, or by ensembles of non-unique identifying data items, such as name, sex and date of birth. However, growing concern over the privacy and confidentiality aspects of disease registers may hinder their future operation. Technical solutions to these legitimate concerns are needed. Discussion An alternative method of operation is proposed which involves splitting the personal identifiers from the medical details at the source of notification, and separately encrypting each part using asymmetrical (public key cryptographic methods. The identifying information is sent to a single Population Register, and the medical details to the relevant disease register. The Population Register uses probabilistic record linkage to assign a unique personal identification (UPI number to each person notified to it, although not necessarily everyone in the entire population. This UPI is shared only with a single trusted third party whose sole function is to translate between this UPI and separate series of personal identification numbers which are specific to each disease register. Summary The system proposed would significantly improve the protection of privacy and confidentiality, while still allowing the efficient linkage of records between disease registers, under the control and supervision of the trusted third party and independent ethics committees. The proposed architecture could accommodate genetic databases and tissue banks as well as a wide range of other health and social data collections. It is important that proposals such as this are subject to widespread scrutiny by information security experts, researchers and

  10. A multifunctional system of the national genetic register.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobrinsky, B; Tester, I; Demikova, N; Sedov, Y u; Marjanchik, B; Taperova, L; Glukhovskaya, Y u; Podolnaja, M

    1998-01-01

    The National (Federal) Russian Genetic Register operates as a multifunctional system. It is designed for finding solution to the following key problems: 1. Information provision to watch families having children with hereditary and congenital diseases. 2. Follow up of the diagnostic process (including that associated with molecular-cytogenetic studies) and making predictive decisions concerning a risk of hereditary disease in the family. 3. Monitoring of new cases of congenital/hereditary disease under the effect of genotoxic and general toxic environmental factors. 4. Rendering consulting services to those concerned and reference information on the organizational/methodological problems. The relational database is composed of textual and graphical data. This enables the doctors to enter and review the pedigree in the form they have got accustomed to. Numerous built-in classification schemes help simplify and speed up the completion of the medical records. An additional information can be entered in the textual form. When requested by the user, the information about the patient and his (her) family, stored in the database, can be displayed as a summary document (a statement). To do so, a special algorithm based on the results of the logical information analysis, as well as medical history of the patients themselves and their families' members has been put forward. The document thus compiled is open for being edited by the doctor. The local computer network is operated in the "user-server" mode. For information protection purposes, an authorized access system has been devised to protect various data categories. The software tools operate in the Windows environment for IBM-compatible personal computers. Also, use is made of Microsoft SQL-Server, Visual Fox-Pro 3.0, Visual C+2 2.1, and FORTRAN 5.1. The doctor decision modules are activated with mathematical models, an expert system, and a self-learning recognizing system. The Windows NT system is a choice for the

  11. A multifunctional system of the national genetic register.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobrinsky, B; Tester, I; Demikova, N; Sedov, Y u; Marjanchik, B; Taperova, L; Glukhovskaya, Y u; Podolnaja, M

    1998-01-01

    The National (Federal) Russian Genetic Register operates as a multifunctional system. It is designed for finding solution to the following key problems: 1. Information provision to watch families having children with hereditary and congenital diseases. 2. Follow up of the diagnostic process (including that associated with molecular-cytogenetic studies) and making predictive decisions concerning a risk of hereditary disease in the family. 3. Monitoring of new cases of congenital/hereditary disease under the effect of genotoxic and general toxic environmental factors. 4. Rendering consulting services to those concerned and reference information on the organizational/methodological problems. The relational database is composed of textual and graphical data. This enables the doctors to enter and review the pedigree in the form they have got accustomed to. Numerous built-in classification schemes help simplify and speed up the completion of the medical records. An additional information can be entered in the textual form. When requested by the user, the information about the patient and his (her) family, stored in the database, can be displayed as a summary document (a statement). To do so, a special algorithm based on the results of the logical information analysis, as well as medical history of the patients themselves and their families' members has been put forward. The document thus compiled is open for being edited by the doctor. The local computer network is operated in the "user-server" mode. For information protection purposes, an authorized access system has been devised to protect various data categories. The software tools operate in the Windows environment for IBM-compatible personal computers. Also, use is made of Microsoft SQL-Server, Visual Fox-Pro 3.0, Visual C+2 2.1, and FORTRAN 5.1. The doctor decision modules are activated with mathematical models, an expert system, and a self-learning recognizing system. The Windows NT system is a choice for the

  12. Characteristics, therapy and outcome in an unselected and prospectively registered cohort of patients with gastro-oesophageal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schonnemann, K. R.; Mortensen, M. B.; Kroll Bjerregaard, Jon;

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. The purpose was to examine characteristics, treatment and outcome in an unselected, prospectively registered complete population of patients with gastro-oesophageal adenocarcinoma cancer (GEA). Methods. All cases diagnosed with GEA between 2008 and 2009 in the Region of Southern Denmark...

  13. Mathematics Registers in Indigenous Languages: Experiences from South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schafer, Marc

    2010-01-01

    Through reporting on an initiative in South Africa that aimed to provide epistemological access to teachers and learners of mathematics (and science) through translating mathematical concepts into two indigenous languages, this paper argues for the urgent development of mathematical registers in indigenous languages for mathematics and …

  14. 78 FR 67078 - Membership in a Registered Futures Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-08

    ... would also be subject to certain membership fees. The Commission understands that NFA imposes initial...\\ Membership in Registered Futures Association, 72 FR 2614 (Jan. 22, 2007). \\9\\ NFA Bylaw 1101 is available at... Participants, 77 FR 2613 (Jan. 19, 2012). \\3\\ See 7 U.S.C. 21(e), which specifies that any person...

  15. Register-based studies of cancer screening effects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Von Euler-Chelpin, My; Lynge, Elsebeth; Rebolj, Matejka

    2011-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: There are two organised cancer screening programmes in Denmark, against cervical and breast cancers. The aim with this study was to give an overview of the available register-based research regarding these two programmes, to demonstrate the usefulness of data from the national regis...

  16. EURISOL-DS Multi-MW Target: Risk Register

    CERN Document Server

    C. Kharoua and Y. Kadi (CERN)

    The purpose of the risk register is to identify and rank the risk inherent to the installation, operation, maintenance, dismantling and disposal of each item of the facility and to propose ways of mitigating such risks.It is an important input for the safety report which will be mandatory for the study towards the construction of the EURISOL Facility.

  17. 7 CFR 966.113 - Registered handler certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., grading, sizing and packing of tomatoes grown in the production area. (b) Application for certification... informed by written notice from the committee. If certification is denied, such denial shall be made by the committee in writing, stating the reasons for denial. (d) A registered handler's certification shall...

  18. The EULAR Study Group for Registers and Observational Drug Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kearsley-Fleet, Lianne; Závada, Jakub; Hetland, Merete Lund;

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Under the auspices of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR), a study group of investigators representing European biologic DMARD (bDMARD) registers was convened. The purpose of this initial assessment was to collect and compare a cross section of patient characteristics...

  19. Registers in the Academic Writing of African American College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syrquin, Anna F.

    2006-01-01

    The study examines the development of the registers of academic writing by African American college-level students through style and grammar: indirection inherent in the oral culture of the African American community and the paratactic functions of "because." Discourse analysis of 74 samples of academic writing by 20 African American undergraduate…

  20. A Database of Registered, Textured Models of the Human Face

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sjöstrand, Karl; Lading, Brian

    2005-01-01

    This note describes a data set of 24 registered human faces represented by both shape and texture. The data was collected during 2003 as part of the preparation of the master thesis of Karl Sjöstrand (former name Karl Skoglund). The data is ready to be used in shape, appearance and data analysis....

  1. Register of new fruit and nut cultivars list 48- Blackberry

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Register of New Fruit and Nut Cultivars is a listing of cultivars that have been released from around the world. List 48 reports on the releases for 24 crops from. The blackberry section gives a description of the origin, and the fruit and plant characteristics for the following cultivars: Amar...

  2. Human Resource Management in Australian Registered Training Organisations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Andrew; Hawke Geof

    2008-01-01

    This report forms part of a comprehensive research program that has examined issues related to building the organisational capability of vocational education and training providers. In particular, this report focuses on the current state of human resource management practice in both technical and further education and private registered training…

  3. An Introduction to Register Transfer Level Simulation of Digital Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemming, Cliff; Smith R. J., II

    Register transfer level (RTL) descriptions of digital systems have certain advantages over other descriptive techniques, especially during early phases of the design effort. There are at least three identifiable major uses for RTL-type descriptions. First, RTL can serve as documentation of digital processor behavior, recording in a concise fashion…

  4. Should these potential CMR substances have been registered under REACH?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wedebye, Eva Bay; Nikolov, Nikolai Georgiev; Dybdahl, Marianne;

    2013-01-01

    (Q)SAR models were applied to screen around 68,000 REACH pre-registered substances for CMR properties (carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to reproduction). Predictions from 14 relevant models were combined to reach overall calls for C, M and R. Combining predictions may reduce “noise” and increase...

  5. Identifying Different Registers of Digital Literacy in Virtual Learning Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knutsson, Ola; Blasjo, Mona.; Hallsten, Stina; Karlstrom, Petter

    2012-01-01

    In this paper social semiotics, and systemic functional linguistics in particular, are used in order to identify registers of digital literacy in the use of virtual learning environments. The framework of social semiotics provides means to systemize and discuss digital literacy as a linguistic and semiotic issue. The following research question…

  6. Taking Part: Registered Nurses and the Labour Market in 1997.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seccombe, I.; Smith, G.

    The labor market participation, pay, job satisfaction, employment patterns, and turnover of registered nurses in the United Kingdom were examined through an analysis of data from the 1997 Royal College of Nursing (RCN) Survey. Of the random sample of 5,984 nurses from the RCN membership records surveyed, 4,288 (72%) returned usable questionnaires.…

  7. The Fundamental Spatial Data in the Public Administration Registers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Čada, V.; Janečka, K.

    2016-06-01

    The system of basic registers was launched in the Czech Republic in 2012. The system provides a unique solution to centralize and keep actual most common and widely used information as a part of the eGovernment. The basic registers are the central information source for information systems of public authorities. In October 2014, the Czech government approved the conception of The Strategy for the Development of the Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the Czech Republic to 2020 (GeoInfoStrategy) that serves as a basis for the NSDI. The paper describes the challenges in building the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) in the Czech Republic with focus on the fundamental spatial data and related basic registers. The GeoInfoStrategy should also contribute to increasing of the competitiveness of the economy. Therefore the paper also reflects the Directive 2014/61/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on measures to reduce the cost of deploying high-speed electronic communication networks. The Directive states that citizens as well as the private and public sectors must have the opportunity to be part of the digital economy. A high quality digital infrastructure underpins virtually all sectors of a modern and innovative economy. To ensure a development of such infrastructure in the Czech Republic, the Register of passive infrastructure providing information on the features of passive infrastructure has to be established.

  8. Critical Points Based Register-Concurrency Autotuning for GPUs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Ang; Song, Shuaiwen; Kumar, Akash; Zhang, Eddy; Chavarría-Miranda, Daniel; Corporaal, Henk

    2016-03-14

    The unprecedented prevalence of GPGPU is largely attributed to its abundant on-chip register resources, which allow massively concurrent threads and extremely fast context switch. However, due to internal memory capacity constraints, there is a tradeoff between the per-thread register usage and the overall concurrency. This becomes a design problem in terms of performance tuning, since the performance “sweet spot” which can be significantly affected by these two factors is generally unknown beforehand. In this paper, we propose an effective autotuning solution to quickly and efficiently select the optimal number of registers perthread for delivering the best GPU performance. Experiments on three generations of GPUs (Nvidia Fermi, Kepler and Maxwell) demonstrate that our simple strategy can achieve an average of 10% performance improvement while a max of 50% over the original version without modifying the user program. Additionally, to reduce local cache misses due to register spilling and further improve performance, we explore three optimization schemes (i.e. bypass L1 for global memory access, enlarge local L1 cache and spill into shared memory) and discuss their impact on performance on a Kepler GPU.

  9. 10 CFR 76.37 - Federal Register notice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Federal Register notice. 76.37 Section 76.37 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Application § 76.37...) A notice of the filing of an application specifying that copies of the application, except...

  10. 77 FR 59610 - Flonicamid; Applications To Add New Food Uses on Previously Registered Pesticide Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-28

    ... applications to add new food uses on previously registered pesticide products containing the insecticide... registered pesticide products containing the insecticide, flonicamid, N-(cyanomethyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)-3... AGENCY Flonicamid; Applications To Add New Food Uses on Previously Registered Pesticide Products...

  11. Foundations of a metadata repository for databases of registers and trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stausberg, Jürgen; Löbe, Matthias; Verplancke, Philippe; Drepper, Johannes; Herre, Heinrich; Löffler, Markus

    2009-01-01

    The planning of case report forms (CRFs) in clinical trials or databases in registers is mostly an informal process starting from scratch involving domain experts, biometricians, and documentation specialists. The Telematikplattform für Medizinische Forschungsnetze, an umbrella organization for medical research in Germany, aims at supporting and improving this process with a metadata repository, covering the variables and value lists used in databases of registers and trials. The use cases for the metadata repository range from a specification of case report forms to the harmonization of variable collections, variables, and value lists through a formal review. The warehouse used for the storage of the metadata should at least fulfill the definition of part 3 "Registry metamodel and basic attributes" of ISO/IEC 11179 Information technology - Metadata registries. An implementation of the metadata repository should offer an import and export of metadata in the Operational Data Model standard of the Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium. It will facilitate the creation of CRFs and data models, improve the quality of CRFs and data models, support the harmonization of variables and value lists, and support the mapping of metadata and data. PMID:19745342

  12. Quantum Computing - A new Implementation of Simon Algorithm for 3-Dimensional Registers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adina Bărîlă

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Quantum computing is a new field of science aiming to use quantum phenomena in order to perform operations on data. The Simon algorithm is one of the quantum algorithms which solves a certain problem exponentially faster than any classical algorithm solving the same problem. Simulating of quantum algorithms is very important since quantum hardware is not available outside of the research labs. QCL (Quantum Computation Language is the most advanced implemented quantum computer simulator and was conceived by Bernhard Ömer. The paper presents an implementation in QCL of the Simon algorithm in the case of 3-dimensional registers.

  13. ALL OPTICAL 3-BIT SERIAL INPUT SHIFT REGISTER DESIGN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VIKRANT K SRIVASTAVA,

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available In this Paper, we present all-optical shift Register logic with complete Boolean functionality as a representative circuit for modeling and optimization of monolithically integrated components. Proposed optical logic unit is based on nonlinear effects in semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA. We show a strategy of optical pulse propagation in SOA based on coupled nonlinear equations describing XGM and FWM effects. These equations are first solved togenerate the pump, probe and conjugate pulses in a SOA. The pulse behavior are analyzed and applied to realize behavior of all-optical NAND gate. Next, the logic is used to implement All-Optical Flip-Flop logic, and its function is verified with the help of truth table. Finally with the help of three Flip Flop a 3-bit shift register is proposed. The full design is simple, compact, economical, thermally stable and integration capable.

  14. Compassion fatigue among registered nurses: connecting theory and research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheppard, Kate

    2015-02-01

    Unresolved compassion fatigue often causes physical and emotional exhaustion, and can significantly impair job performance. It is also known to cause increased absenteeism and even turnover among health care providers such as registered nurses. Often those experiencing compassion fatigue attempt to self-medicate in order to numb the intense emotions, and distance themselves from patients, colleagues, friends, and even family. This article describes the challenges of applying one widely used conceptual model to research among nurses who are at risk for experiencing this important and debilitating phenomenon. Through two qualitative studies that explored compassion fatigue among registered nurses, symptoms were identified that fit within the conceptual model. Several additional elements were not adequately captured by the conceptual model, and the term was perceived as being stigmatizing. PMID:25434861

  15. Analog capacitance ROM with IGFET bucket-brigade shift register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Erik; Olesen, Ole

    1975-01-01

    A new type of monolithic analog read-out memory is described. It consists of a memory element and associated on-chip readout circuitry. The memory can be used for storing sample values of time-varying analog signals. The memory element is a matrix of MOS capacitors, preprogrammed in size by a spe...... by a special mask. The readout element is a bucket-brigade shift register with parallel input and serial output. A test circuit that permits investigation of different principles of information transfer from capacitance matrix to shift register has been developed.......A new type of monolithic analog read-out memory is described. It consists of a memory element and associated on-chip readout circuitry. The memory can be used for storing sample values of time-varying analog signals. The memory element is a matrix of MOS capacitors, preprogrammed in size...

  16. Registering multiple medical images using the shared chain mutual information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing Jin; Qiang Wang; Yi Shen

    2007-01-01

    @@ A new approach to the simultaneous registration of multiple medical images is proposed using shared chain mutual information (SCMI) as the matching measure. The presented method applies SCMI to measure the shared information between the multiple images. Registration is achieved by adjusting the relative position of the floating image until the SCMI between all the images is maximized. Using this measure, we registered three and four simulated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images using downhill simplex optimization to search for the optimal transformation parameters. Accuracy and validity of the proposed method for multiple-image registration are testified by comparing the results with that of twoimage registration. Furthermore, the performance of the proposed method is validated by registering the real ultrasonic image sequence.

  17. Register Based Research Exploiting a Goldmine of Knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Thaulow, Ivan; Thygesen, Lars

    2014-01-01

    Part 10: Short Summaries International audience Researchers in Denmark have for many years had outstanding opportunities for exploiting data from a wide range of registers. They can carry out research based on a goldmine of information on social and demographic characteristics of the population, labour market participation, health data and medical treatment, and more. All these data can be combined, and longitudinal analysis can be made.

  18. Interrater reliability of a national acute myocardial infarction register

    OpenAIRE

    Govatsmark, Ragna; Sneeggen,Sylvi; Karlsaune,Hanne; Slørdahl,Stig; Bønaa,Kaare Harald

    2016-01-01

    Ragna Elise Støre Govatsmark,1,2 Sylvi Sneeggen,2 Hanne Karlsaune,2 Stig Arild Slørdahl,2 Kaare Harald Bønaa,1–3 1Department of Public Health and General Practice, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2Department of Medical Quality Registries, 3Clinic for Heart Disease, St. Olav’s University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway Background: Disease-specific registers may be used for measuring and improving healthcare and patient outcomes, ...

  19. Feedback Shift Registers as Cellular Automata Boundary Conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Salman, K.

    2013-01-01

    We present a new design for random number generatio n. The outputs of linear feedback shift registers (LFSRs) act as continuous inputs to the t wo boundaries of a one-dimensional (1-D) Elementary Cellular Automata (ECA). The results sho w superior randomness features and the output string has passed the Diehard statistical ba ttery of tests. The design is good candidate for parallel random number generation, ...

  20. Registered Report: Melanoma genome sequencing reveals frequent PREX2 mutations

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: Denise Chroscinski, Darryl Sampey, Alex Hewitt, The Reproducibility Project: Cancer Biology† ### Abstract The [Reproducibility Project: Cancer Biology](https://osf.io/e81xl/wiki/home/) seeks to address growing concerns about reproducibility in scientific research by conducting replications of 50 papers in the field of cancer biology published between 2010 and 2012. This Registered Report describes the proposed replication plan of key experiments from “Melanoma genome sequenci...

  1. Immunisation registers in Italy: a patchwork of computerisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfonsi, V; D'Ancona, F; Rota, M C; Giambi, C; Ranghiasci, A; Iannazzo, S

    2012-01-01

    In Italy, the 21 regional health authorities are in charge of organising and implementing their own vaccination strategy, based on the national vaccine plan. Immunisation coverage varies greatly among the regions for certain vaccines. Efforts to increase childhood immunisation coverage have included initiatives to develop and implement computerised immunisation registers in as many regions as possible. We undertook a cross-sectional online survey in July 2011 to provide an updated picture of the use, heterogeneity and main functions of different computerised immunisation registers used in the Italian regions and to understand the flow of information from local health units to the regional authorities and to the Ministry of Health. Comparing current data with those obtained in 2007, a substantial improvement is evident. A total of 15 regions are fully computerised (previously nine), with 83% of local health units equipped with a computerised register (previously 70%). Eight of the 15 fully computerised regions use the same software, simplifying data sharing. Only four regions are able to obtain data in real time from local health units. Despite the progress made, the capacity to monitor vaccination coverage and to exchange data appears still limited. PMID:22551498

  2. Acoustic and Perceptual Analysis of Modal and Falsetto Registers in Females with Dysphonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Nicole Y. K.; Yiu, Edwin M-L.

    2006-01-01

    Modal and falsetto registers are the basic vocal qualities used in female speaking voices. The purpose of this study was to identify the frequency at which modal register changed to falsetto register and the frequency range of each modal and falsetto register produced under three loudness levels: soft, comfortable and loud phonations in normal and…

  3. Associations between rates of unassisted inpatient falls and levels of registered and non-registered nurse staffing

    OpenAIRE

    Staggs, Vincent S.; Dunton, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    Objective To enhance understanding of how nurse staffing relates to unassisted falls by exploring non-linear associations between unassisted fall rates and levels of registered nurse (RN) and non-RN staffing on 5 nursing unit types, thereby enabling managers to improve patient safety by making better-informed decisions about staffing. Design Cross-sectional analysis of routinely collected data using hierarchical negative binomial regression. Settings 8069 nursing units in 1361 U.S. hospitals ...

  4. Volkswagen's new modular TDI {sup registered} generation; Die neue modulare TDI {sup registered} -Generation von Volkswagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neusser, Heinz-Jakob; Kahrstedt, Joern; Jelden, Hanno; Engler, Hermann-Josef; Dorenkamp, Richard; Jauns-Seyfried, Stefanie; Krause, Andreas [Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg (Germany)

    2012-11-01

    The new generation of TDI {sup registered} engines is an extension of the Volkswagen brand's modular strategy. The power train development focused closely on engine properties, fuel consumption and performance. The modular design concept provides the foundation for meeting challenges of the future, including new legislation and regional and state requirements. The new and enhanced modules for this new engine generation are presented, together with component combinations and including the engine management functions developed specially for the purpose. (orig.)

  5. Laser sheet light flow visualization for evaluating room air flowsfrom Registers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walker, Iain S.; Claret, Valerie; Smith, Brian

    2006-04-01

    Forced air heating and cooling systems and whole house ventilation systems deliver air to individual rooms in a house via supply registers located on walls ceilings or floors; and occasionally less straightforward locations like toe-kicks below cabinets. Ideally, the air velocity out of the registers combined with the turbulence of the flow, vectoring of air by register vanes and geometry of register placement combine to mix the supply air within the room. A particular issue that has been raised recently is the performance of multiple capacity and air flow HVAC systems. These systems vary the air flow rate through the distribution system depending on the system load, or if operating in a ventilation rather than a space conditioning mode. These systems have been developed to maximize equipment efficiency, however, the high efficiency ratings do not include any room mixing effects. At lower air flow rates, there is the possibility that room air will be poorly mixed, leading to thermal stratification and reduced comfort for occupants. This can lead to increased energy use as the occupants adjust the thermostat settings to compensate and parts of the conditioned space have higher envelope temperature differences than for the well mixed case. In addition, lack of comfort can be a barrier to market acceptance of these higher efficiency systems To investigate the effect on room mixing of reduced air flow rates requires the measurement of mixing of supply air with room air throughout the space to be conditioned. This is a particularly difficult exercise if we want to determine the transient performance of the space conditioning system. Full scale experiments can be done in special test chambers, but the spatial resolution required to fully examine the mixing problem is usually limited by the sheer number of thermal sensors required. Current full-scale laboratory testing is therefore severely limited in its resolution. As an alternative, we used a water-filled scale model

  6. Early-Life Factors and Risk of Parkinson's Disease: A Register-Based Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Bojing; Chen, Honglei; Fang, Fang; Tillander, Annika; Wirdefeldt, Karin

    2016-01-01

    Parkinson's disease (PD) may take decades to develop and early life exposures such as infection may be important. However, few epidemiological studies have evaluated early life risk factors in relation to PD risk. We therefore examined such associations in a prospective analysis of 3 545 612 individuals born in Sweden between 1932 and 1970 without PD on January 1, 2002. Incident PD cases were identified using the Swedish Patient Register during 2002-2010. Information on sibship size, number of older and younger siblings, multiple births, parental age, birth month and season was obtained from the Swedish Multi-Generation Register. Monthly data on national burden of influenza-like illness during 1932-1970 were obtained from the Swedish Public Health Agency. Hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression. During the follow-up, 8779 incident PD cases were identified. As expected, older age, male sex, parental occupation as farmers, and family history of PD were associated with higher PD risk. Overall, early life factors, including flu burden in the year of birth, were not associated with PD risk, although we did find a lower PD risk among participants with older siblings than those without (HR = 0.93, 95%CI: 0.89, 0.98). Our study therefore provided little support for important etiological contributions of early life factors to the PD risk late in life. The finding of a lower PD risk among individuals with older siblings will need confirmation and further investigation. PMID:27082111

  7. Competence of newly qualified registered nurses from a nursing college

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BG Morolong

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The South African education and training system, through its policy of outcomesbased education and training, has made competency a national priority. In compliance to this national requirement of producing competent learners, the South African Nursing Council ( 1999 B require that the beginner professional nurse practitioners and midwives have the necessary knowledge, skills, attitudes and values which will enable them to render efficient professional service. The health care system also demands competent nurse practitioners to ensure quality in health care. In the light of competency being a national priority and a statutory demand, the research question that emerges is, how competent are the newly qualified registered nurses from a specific nursing college in clinical nursing education? A quantitative, non-experimental contextual design was used to evaluate the competence of newly qualified registered nurses from a specific nursing college. The study was conducted in two phases. The first phase dealt with the development of an instrument together with its manual through the conceptualisation process. The second phase focused on the evaluation of the competency of newly qualified nurses using the instrument based on the steps of the nursing process. A pilot study was conducted to test the feasibility of the items of the instrument. During the evaluation phase, a sample of twenty-six newly qualified nurses was selected by simple random sampling from a target population of thirty-six newly qualified registered nurses. However, six participants withdrew from the study. Data was collected in two general hospitals where the newly qualified registered nurses were working. Observation and questioning were used as data collection techniques in accordance with the developed instrument. Measures were taken to ensure internal validity and reliability of the results. To protect the rights of the participants, the researcher adhered to DENOSA’S (1998

  8. [The possibility of registering in the Spanish Civil Registry children born abroad from surrogate mothers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Barrón Arniches, Paloma

    2009-01-01

    In the Spanish Civil Registry it is now possible to register "natural" children of a homosexual marriage born overseas through surrogate pregnancy. And this is despite article 10.1 of the current Spanish law regarding assisted human reproduction techniques, which declares fully null and void contracts renouncing maternal relationship, and orders imperatively that in these cases, the relationship of children is determined by birth. This article analyses and formulates a criticism regarding the Resolution of the Office of Registries and Notaries, of February 18, 2009, insisting on some relevant issues such as legal security and greater interest of the minor, in the context of the analysis of the facts of the case and the arguments put forward in the resolution.

  9. The new system of public registers in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Stencl

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the basic principles of data-sharing as defined in the Basic RegistryAct, No. 111/2009 Coll. Basic registers of public administration should become a new source of data for public authorities and for private entities. Authors describe the architecture of the basic registers’ system and discuss some possible technical solutions for each of the four basic registries (Registry of Inhabitants, Registry of Persons, Registry of Territorial Identification, Registry of Rights and Obligations. Special interest is put on the management of access permissions and the rules for providing the data to various clients.

  10. Register of a gynandromorph of Euglossa pleosticta Dressler (Hymenoptera, Apidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariele P. Camargo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Register of a gynandromorph of Euglossa pleosticta (Hymenoptera, Apidae. Here we provide a description of a gynandromorph of Euglossa pleosticta with partial bilateral phenotypic asymmetry. The specimen was collected by cineol baittrap at Parque Estadual São Camilo, a conservation unit in western Paraná. The bee has mostly a female phenotype, except by the right half of its head, including the presence of 11 flagellomeres, ivory markings on scape and parocular area, by the pilosity of the right galea, and by deformed male characteristics on mid and hind tibiae of right legs.

  11. Use of a historical register in social epidemiology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burström, B; Diderichsen, Finn; Bernhardt, E;

    1998-01-01

    in Maria parish in Stockholm during the years 1885, 1891 and 1910 (n = 36,718) from a historical register (the Roteman archives). The usefulness of such data for further studies in social epidemiology is discussed. Age-specific rates and major causes of death compared well with other studies. Low social......This study describes the age- and cause-specific levels and social determinants of high child mortality in Stockholm around the turn of the century. The study is based on computerized individual level sociodemographic information and the death certificates of children aged 0-15 years residing...

  12. Experience of 2 dental clinics registered to ISO 9002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casas, Michael J; Kenny, David J; Johnston, Douglas H

    2003-04-01

    This paper describes the 3-year experience of managing 2 hospital-based dental clinics registered to ISO 9002:1994; it also examines the revision of previous quality management standards in 2 separate institutions to prepare for registration under the new ISO 9001:2000 standard. Daily equipment and process checks, combined with internal audits, were the backbone of the quality system at both locations. Corrective and protective actions had been underused, because of the partial duplication produced by 2 different institutionally mandated risk management and incident reporting systems. ISO 9002 registration provided both dental clinics with responsive quality systems, emphasizing patient satisfaction and providing measurable continuous quality improvement.

  13. Art and psychoanalysis register at the White Hotel

    OpenAIRE

    Ende, Stuart A.

    1986-01-01

    My title refers to the fact that in D. M. Thomas's remarkable novel, both art, in the form of literary imagination, and psychoanalysis seek to comprehend the life of a woman named Lisa Erdman, and both register certain truths or part truths. The novel traces Lisa's life from the time she enters analysis with Freud in Vienna until her death at Babi Yar at the hands of the Nazis. In a final chapter entitled "the camp" that has troubled many readers we witness a kind of apot...

  14. Newly licensed registered nurse job turnover and turnover intent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unruh, Lynn Y; Zhang, Ning Jackie

    2014-01-01

    Through survey data, this study examines job leaving behaviors of newly licensed registered nurses and identifies educational and managerial issues that need to be addressed to retain them. Within 1.5-2.5 years of graduating, one third of all respondents had left their first job, most for work-related reasons. Predictors of job leaving or intentions to leave included not having had a good orientation, information issues, having difficulties doing a good job, not being rewarded fairly, and low job satisfaction. PMID:25237913

  15. SRF Coloring: Stream Register File Allocation via Graph Coloring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue-Jun Yang; Yu Deng; Li Wang; Xiao-Bo Yan; Jing Du; Ying Zhang; Gui-Bin Wang; Tao Tang

    2009-01-01

    Stream Register File (SRF) is a large on-chip memory of the stream processor and its efficient management is essential for good performance. Current stream programming languages expose the management of SRF to the programmer, incurring heavy burden on the programmer and bringing difficulties to inheriting the legacy codes. SF95 is the language developed for FT64 which is the first 64-bit stream processor designed for scientific applications. SF95 conceals SRF from the programmer and leaves the management of SRF to its compiler. In this paper, we present a compiler approach named SRF Coloring to manage SRF automatically. The novelties of this paper are: first, it is the first time to use the graph coloring-based algorithm for the SRF management; second, an algorithm framework for SRF Coloring that is well suited to the FT64 architecture is proposed -- this framework is based on a well-understood graph coloring algorithm for register allocation, together with some modifications to deal with the unusual aspects of SRF problem; third, the SRF Coloring algorithm is implemented in SF95Compiler, a compiler designed for FT64 and SF95. The experimental results show that our approach represents a practical and promising solution to SRF allocation.

  16. REGISTER ANALYSIS OF THE CONVERSATIONS AMONG PETROLEUM ENGINEERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Nurani

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This present research aims at identifying register used in the conversations among petroleum engineers by examining the linguistic feature which is viewed from the aspect of the field, the tenor and the mode of discourse of the Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL approach. Findings show that in the field of discourse, all terms of register found in the experiential domain analysis function as technical terms, of which the two major forms of nouns and verbs (i.e., single-word and compound/phrasal word forms are the most frequent categories identified among other kinds of technical terms. The goal orientation appears to have both short and long term while the social activity results in exchanges among participants. In the tenor of discourse, the agentive role is said to be equal and the social role is considered as non-hierarchic. The social distance within the interaction is said to be minimal which is excessively characterized by the use of informal form of expressions. In the mode of discourse, the language role exists equally of both constitutive and ancillary identified by the use of present simple tense and non-present tenses, that is, future simple, past simple and present perfect. The channel is in phonic form. The medium is in spoken with visual contact as it is largely characterized by the use of endophoric reference as well as pronouns.

  17. BtL. The bioliq {sup registered} process at KIT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kolb, T. [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Engler-Bunte-Institut, Karlsruhe (Germany). Div. Fuel Chemistry and Technology (EBI ceb); Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. fuer Technical Chemistry (ITC); Eberhard, M.; Leibold, H.; Seifert, H.; Zimmerlin, B. [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. fuer Technical Chemistry (ITC); Dahmen, N.; Sauer, J. [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany). Inst. of Catalysis Research and Technology (IKFT); Neuberger, M. [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany). Project Management and Quality Assurance Service Unit (PMQ)

    2013-11-01

    Synthetic fuels from biomass may contribute to the future motor fuel supply to a considerable extent. To overcome the logistical hurdles connected with the industrial use of large quantities of biomass, the de-central/central bioliq {sup registered} concept has been developed. It is based on a regional pre-treatment of biomass for energy densification by fast pyrolysis. The intermediate referred to as biosyncrude enables an economic long-range transportation. Collected from a number of those pyrolysis plants, the biosyncrude is converted into synthesis gas, which is cleaned, conditioned and further converted to fuels or chemicals in a central plant of reasonable industrial size. Gasification is performed in an entrained flow gasifier at pressures adjusted to the subsequent chemical synthesis. For increased fuel flexibility and utilization of ash rich feed materials, the gasifier is equipped with a cooling screen operated in slagging mode. At the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, KIT, a bioliq {sup registered} pilot plant has been erected for demonstration of the whole process chain. The 2 MW{sub th} fast pyrolysis plant is in operation since 2009; the 5 MW{sub th} / 80 bars gasifier, the hot gas cleaning section and the gasoline synthesis via DME were erected in 2011/12. Commissioning of that plant complex was completed in 2013. (orig.)

  18. Opto-acoustic breast imaging with co-registered ultrasound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zalev, Jason; Clingman, Bryan; Herzog, Don; Miller, Tom; Stavros, A. Thomas; Oraevsky, Alexander; Kist, Kenneth; Dornbluth, N. Carol; Otto, Pamela

    2014-03-01

    We present results from a recent study involving the ImagioTM breast imaging system, which produces fused real-time two-dimensional color-coded opto-acoustic (OA) images that are co-registered and temporally inter- leaved with real-time gray scale ultrasound using a specialized duplex handheld probe. The use of dual optical wavelengths provides functional blood map images of breast tissue and tumors displayed with high contrast based on total hemoglobin and oxygen saturation of the blood. This provides functional diagnostic information pertaining to tumor metabolism. OA also shows morphologic information about tumor neo-vascularity that is complementary to the morphological information obtained with conventional gray scale ultrasound. This fusion technology conveniently enables real-time analysis of the functional opto-acoustic features of lesions detected by readers familiar with anatomical gray scale ultrasound. We demonstrate co-registered opto-acoustic and ultrasonic images of malignant and benign tumors from a recent clinical study that provide new insight into the function of tumors in-vivo. Results from the Feasibility Study show preliminary evidence that the technology may have the capability to improve characterization of benign and malignant breast masses over conventional diagnostic breast ultrasound alone and to improve overall accuracy of breast mass diagnosis. In particular, OA improved speci city over that of conventional diagnostic ultrasound, which could potentially reduce the number of negative biopsies performed without missing cancers.

  19. Analysis of registered CDM projects: potential removal of evidenced bottlenecks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agosto, D.; Bombard, P.; Gostinelli, F.

    2007-07-01

    The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has developed during its first period of implementation, a distinctive set of patterns. The authors thought of concentrating on the CDM analysis in order to highlight potential remedies or reasons for given bottlenecks. In order to establish a sort of extensive SWOT analysis for CDMs, all the 356 projects actually (November 2006) registered at UNFCCC were examined, together with all the about 1000 PDDs presented to the UNFCCC but not registered yet. The CDM projects have been studied trying to cluster projects according to relevant characteristics, both from a technical and an economic point of view. Chosen indicators are meant to identify: more convenient/more diffused energy system for a CDM; reasons for a geographical distribution of different types of projects; potentials for a future exploitation of lower used technologies in CDM. Conclusions are drawn and appropriate tables and graphs presented. (1) the Baseline Emission Factor, combined to economic patterns, is the pivotal factor that characterizes both choices of host country and technology; (2) some technologies can exploit appropriately CDM scheme, whilst other technologies, are constrained by it. (3) there are still some important weak points: grouping of non Annex I countries; crediting period; criteria for the evaluation of sustainable development. (auth)

  20. The Norwegian Diabetes Register for Adults – an overview of the first years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John G. Cooper

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The Norwegian Diabetes Register for Adults (NDR-A was granted status as a consent-based National Quality Register by the Ministry of Health and Care Services and approved by the Data Inspectorate in 2005. The main aim of the register is to improve the quality of the treatment of people with diabetes in hospitals and primary care. NDR-A is the first national quality register in Norway to capture all data electronically, and it is also the first register to collect data from both primary health care and hospital/specialist services. We therefore think that experiences gained from developing and promoting the register will be of general interest. In this paper we describe the reasons for establishing the register, the register population and dataset, the electronic tools used for data capture, how recruitment is progressing, how we think the register can improve the care of patients with diabetes, and possibilities for future epidemiological research.

  1. Mobile applications of photovoltaic planar antennas - SOLPLANT {sup registered}; Mobile Anwendungen von Solaren Planarantennen - SOLPLANT {sup registered}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bendel, C.; Kirchhof, J. [Institut fuer Solare Energieversorgungstechnik (ISET), Kassel (Germany); Henze, N. [Kassel Univ. (Gesamthochschule) (Germany). Fachgebiet Hochfrequenztechnik

    2005-07-01

    This paper describes the application of photovoltaic (PV) Solar Planar Antennas in mobile applications. The radiating patch element of a planar antenna is replaced by a solar cell. Furthermore radiating slots can be built due to the cell spacing in a solar cell array. The original feature of a solar cell (DC current generation) remains, but additionally the solar cell is now able to receive and transmit electromagnetic waves. Both single solar cells as well as solar cell arrays can be used as antennas. This new approach, the ''Solar Planar Antenna - SOLPLANT {sup registered} '', avoids disadvantages of conventional applications, when solar cells and antennas are used in combination. Based on these considerations, a product development concept was originated at whose basic idea has been registered as a patent in Germany, Europe, Japan and USA. Four applications are presented: a solar cell GPS antenna for vehicular applications, a solar cell slot antenna for mobile communications (GSM), an environmental metering station with GSM function and a Worldspace Satellite Radio, equipped with a SOLPLANT {sup registered} antenna. The aim of the first two products is to integrate these antennas into vehicular glass roofs which are covered with photovoltaic solar cells in order to deliver the electric power for the indoor ventilation of the car. The GPS antenna provides circular polarisation and a main lobe in zenith direction whereas the GSM antenna is vertically polarized and has a monopole-like radiation pattern. Both antennas are built up with commonly used solar cells. The comparison of measured and simulated antenna properties shows a good agreement. At last, some applications on high altitude platforms for wireless communication services and remote sensing are depicted. (ORIG.)

  2. Características epidemiológicas de casos de câncer de boca registrados em hospital de Uberaba no período 1999-2003: um alerta para a necessidade de diagnóstico precoce Epidemiological Characteristics of cases of mouth cancer registered in a hospital in the city of Uberaba from 1999-2003: a warning toward the need for early diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graziela Cassimiro de Araújo Daher

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado estudo de 101 casos de carcinoma epidermóide de boca registrados em Hospital de Uberaba, no período de 1999 a 2003. Informações sobre sexo, idade, cor de pele, nível instrucional, tabagismo, etilismo, uso de prótese, localização da lesão, estado da doença ao final do seguimento, estádio clínico e origem do encaminhamento foram obtidos dos prontuários e analisados estatisticamente pelos testes de correlação linear, Qui-quadrado, t-Student e Kaplan-Meier. A relação homem/mulher foi de 3,8:1. A faixa etária prevalente foi de 50 a 60 anos, com a idade média de 58,55 anos para o sexo masculino e 54,66 anos para o sexo feminino; 88,12% eram caucasianos. A língua foi a localização anatômica mais freqüente; 74,48% estavam nos estádios III e IV. A sobrevida em 5 anos foi de 38,71%. Os baixos índices de sobrevivência e o grande percentual de estádios III e IV refletem a necessidade de uma maior atenção ao câncer bucal nessa população.The authors performed a study of 101 cases of epidermoid carcinoma of the mouth registered at a Hospital in the city of Uberaba, from 1999 to 2003. Information on gender, age, skin color, schooling, smoking, alcoholism, prosthesis, site of lesion, disease outcome at the end of follow-up, clinical staging, and origin of referral were obtained from medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using linear correlation, chi-square, t-Student, and Kaplan-Meier tests. The male/female ratio was 3.8:1. The most prevalent age group was 50 to 60 years, with an average age of 58.55 years for men and 54.66 years for women; 88.12% were Caucasian. The most frequent anatomical site was the tongue and 74.48% were stages III and IV. Five-year survival was 38.71%. The low rates of survival and the high percentage of stages III and IV show the need for greater attention to mouth cancer in this population.

  3. Legal and ethical considerations in processing patient‐identifiable data without patient consent: lessons learnt from developing a disease register

    OpenAIRE

    Haynes, Charlotte L; Cook, Gary A; Jones, Michael A.

    2007-01-01

    The legal requirements and justifications for collecting patient‐identifiable data without patient consent were examined. The impetus for this arose from legal and ethical issues raised during the development of a population‐based disease register. Numerous commentaries and case studies have been discussing the impact of the Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA1998) and Caldicott principles of good practice on the uses of personal data. But uncertainty still remains about the legal requirements for ...

  4. VEHICLES REGISTERED IN THE FRENCH SPECIAL SERIES '431 K...' AND '431 CD...'

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2002-01-01

    1. Registration a) Entitlement Only members of the personnel holding a Carte spéciale (AT or FI series) or a Carte diplomatique (CD series), issued by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (hereinafter 'MAE'), are entitled to register vehicles in the '431 K ...' or '431 CD ...' special series (green plates). It is compulsory to register in one of these series vehicles that have been purchased or imported free of tax and/or customs duty. In the event of standard registration at a later date, the duty and/or tax will have to be paid on the basis of the currently applicable rates and the vehicle's residual value. Registration in one of these series is optional if the duty and/or tax has been paid in a European Union Member State. In this case, you are strongly recommended to retain documentary evidence of payment and pass this on to any subsequent buyer of the vehicle. This documentation will be required if a standard registration needs to be issued. Without it, the duty and/or tax will have to be pa...

  5. IMPORTANCE OF A NATIONAL ARTHROPLASTY REGISTER FOR IDENTIFICATION BY MEDICAL EXAMINER

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durão, Carlos Henrique; Pinto, Rui; Ribeiro, Costa; Vieira, Duarte

    2015-01-01

    Mass catastrophes are realities that come to pass with lamentable frequency. In such situations, one of the fundamental forensic problems is in relation to identifying the victims. All the elements that might be capable of contributing towards this identification process are essential, and among these are orthopedic prostheses, which frequently remain intact. These prostheses consist basically of polymers, ceramics or metals. Metal components, which are usually composed of titanium, chromium, cobalt or steel alloys, are resistant to violent trauma or high temperatures. Human identification is possible if the identity of the implant is established and if this can be correlated with the individual in whom it was implanted. The logo on the prosthesis establishes who the manufacturer was and the serial number can be compared with the clinical process or with a prosthesis register, as has been implemented in several countries. The information in the database should include the patient's name, the implant model and its serial number, for consultation only in cases of forensic identification, while obviously respecting ethical issues of privacy. This article highlights the importance of creating a national prosthesis register. PMID:27047880

  6. The role of basic data registers in cross-border interconnection of eHealth solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kregar, Mirjana; Marčun, Tomaž; Dovžan, Irma; Cehovin, Lojzka

    2011-01-01

    The increasingly closer international business cooperation in the areas of production, trade, transport and activities such as tourism and education is promoting the mobility of people. This increases the need for the provision of health care services across borders. In order to provide increasingly safer and effective treatment that is of ever higher quality in these cases as well, it is necessary to ensure that data accompanies patients even when they travel to other regions, countries or continents. eHealth solutions are one of the key tools for achieving such objectives. When building these solutions, it is necessary to take into account the different aspects and limitations brought about by the differences in the environments where such a treatment of a patient takes place. In the debates on the various types of cross-border interoperability of eHealth solutions, it is necessary to bring to attention the necessity of suitable management and interconnection of data registers that form the basis of every information system: data on patients, health care service providers and basic code tables. It is necessary to promote well-arranged and quality data in the patient's domestic environment and the best possible options for transferring and using those data in the foreign environment where the patient is receiving medical care at a particular moment. Many of the discussions dealing with conditions for the interoperability of health care information systems actually start with questions of how to ensure the interconnectivity of basic data registers.

  7. EDUCATIONAL INEQUALITIES IN REPEAT ABORTION: A LONGITUDINAL REGISTER STUDY IN FINLAND 1975-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Väisänen, Heini

    2016-11-01

    The proportion of repeat abortions among all abortions has increased over the last decades in Finland. This study examined the association of education with the likelihood of repeat abortion, and the change in this association over time using reliable longitudinal data. A unique set of register data from three birth cohorts were followed from age 20 to 45, including about 22,000 cases of repeat abortion, and analysed using discrete-time event-history models. Low education was found to be associated with a higher likelihood of repeat abortion. Women with low education had abortions sooner after the preceding abortion, and were more often single, younger and had larger families at the time of abortion than more highly educated women. The educational differences were more significant for later than earlier cohorts. The results show a lack of appropriate contraceptive use, possibly due to lack of knowledge of, or access to, services. There is a need to improve access to family planning services, and contraceptives should be provided free of charge. Register data overcome the common problems of under-reporting of abortion and attrition ensuring the results are reliable, unique and of interest internationally. PMID:27128981

  8. The role of basic data registers in cross-border interconnection of eHealth solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kregar, Mirjana; Marčun, Tomaž; Dovžan, Irma; Cehovin, Lojzka

    2011-01-01

    The increasingly closer international business cooperation in the areas of production, trade, transport and activities such as tourism and education is promoting the mobility of people. This increases the need for the provision of health care services across borders. In order to provide increasingly safer and effective treatment that is of ever higher quality in these cases as well, it is necessary to ensure that data accompanies patients even when they travel to other regions, countries or continents. eHealth solutions are one of the key tools for achieving such objectives. When building these solutions, it is necessary to take into account the different aspects and limitations brought about by the differences in the environments where such a treatment of a patient takes place. In the debates on the various types of cross-border interoperability of eHealth solutions, it is necessary to bring to attention the necessity of suitable management and interconnection of data registers that form the basis of every information system: data on patients, health care service providers and basic code tables. It is necessary to promote well-arranged and quality data in the patient's domestic environment and the best possible options for transferring and using those data in the foreign environment where the patient is receiving medical care at a particular moment. Many of the discussions dealing with conditions for the interoperability of health care information systems actually start with questions of how to ensure the interconnectivity of basic data registers. PMID:21685602

  9. Working postures and physical activity among registered nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schall, Mark C; Fethke, Nathan B; Chen, Howard

    2016-05-01

    Nurses report a high prevalence of musculoskeletal discomfort, particularly of the low back and neck/shoulder. This study characterized the full-shift upper arm and trunk postures and movement velocities of registered nurses using inertial measurement units (IMUs). Intensity of occupational physical activity (PA) was also ascertained using a waist-worn PA monitor and using the raw acceleration data from each IMU. Results indicated that nurses spent a relatively small proportion of their work time with the arms or trunk in extreme postures, but had few opportunities for rest and recovery in comparison to several other occupational groups. Comparisons between nurses in different PA groups suggested that using a combination of accelerometers secured to several body locations may provide more representative estimates of physical demands than a single, waist-worn PA monitor. The findings indicate a need for continued field-based research with larger sample sizes to facilitate the development of maximally effective intervention strategies. PMID:26851483

  10. Effects of leadership characteristics on pediatric registered nurses' job satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts-Turner, Reneé; Hinds, Pamela S; Nelson, John; Pryor, Juanda; Robinson, Nellie C; Wang, Jichuan

    2014-01-01

    Job satisfaction levels among registered nurses (RNs) influence RN recruitment, retention, turnover, and patient outcomes. Researchers examining the relationship between characteristics of nursing leadership and RN job satisfaction have treated RNs as a monolithic group with little research on the satisfaction of hospital-based pediatric RNs. This study assessed the relationship of transformational and transactional nursing leadership characteristics and RN job satisfaction reported by pediatric RNs. This single site study included 935 hospital-based pediatric RNs who completed validated survey items regarding nursing leadership and job satisfaction. A structural equation model (SEM) was applied to assess how autonomy (transformational leadership) and distributive justice (transactional leadership) influence RN job satisfaction, and how RN socio-demographic characteristics influence job satisfaction via autonomy and distributive justice. Findings revealed that both autonomy and distributive justice had significant positive effects on RN job satisfaction but the largest source of influence was autonomy. PMID:25929114

  11. Increasing Registered Nurse Retention Using Mentors in Critical Care Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroyer, Coreena C; Zellers, Rebecca; Abraham, Sam

    2016-01-01

    Recruiting and training 1 newly hired registered nurse can cost thousands of dollars. With a high percentage of these newly hired nurses leaving their first place of employment within their first year, the financial implications may be enormous. It is imperative that health care facilities invest in recruiting and retention programs that retain high-quality nurses. Mentorship programs in retaining and easing the transition to practice for new graduate nurses, re-entry nurses, and nurses new to a specialty area are critical in nurse retention. Discussion in this study includes the effect of implementing a mentor program into the critical care services area of a 325-bed not-for-profit community hospital in northern Indiana. Based on this study, nurses with a mentor were retained at a 25% higher rate than those not mentored. Implementation of a mentor program reduced the training cost to the facility and increased retention and morale. PMID:27455367

  12. Registered nurse-administered sedation for gastrointestinalendoscopic procedure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    The rising use of nonanesthesiologist-administeredsedation for gastrointestinal endoscopy has clinicalsignificances. Most endoscopic patients require someforms of sedation and/or anesthesia. The goals ofthis sedation are to guard the patient's safety, minimizephysical discomfort, to control behavior and todiminish psychological responses. Generally, moderatesedation for these procedures has been offered by thenon-anesthesiologist by using benzodiazepines and/oropioids. Anesthesiologists and non-anesthesiologistpersonnel will need to work together for these challengesand for safety of the patients. The sedationtraining courses including clinical skills and knowledgeare necessary for the registered nurses to facilitate thepatient safety and the successful procedure. However,appropriate patient selection and preparation, adequatemonitoring and regular training will ensure that the useof nurse-administered sedation is a feasible and safetechnique for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures.

  13. Simulation of a thermal battery using Phoenics {sup registered}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freitas, Giancarlo C.S.; Vianna, Ardson S. Jr. [Instituto Militar de Engenharia, Secao de Ensino de Engenharia Quimica, Praca General Tiburcio, 80, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Peixoto, Fernando C. [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Escola de Engenharia, Departamento de Engenharia Quimica e de Petroleo, Rua Passo da Patria, 156 - Bloco D - Sala 307, 24210-240 Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-04-15

    Thermal batteries are primary disposable systems specially designed to develop a high energy density in a short period. In the present work, the modeling of heat generation and propagation within three Ca/CaCrO{sub 4} thermal batteries has been carried out, using a transient model. The commercial CFD software Phoenics {sup registered} has been used and, through a typical finite volume approach, the related 2D transport equations have been solved, giving the time-dependent temperature profiles. To check the quality of the model, the temperature of pseudo-equilibrium state (a typical thermodynamic parameter), has been analyzed. The temperatures related in the literature were close to those calculated. The results also indicate that the fusion of electrolytes is virtually an instantaneous process when compared to the time to reach the pseudo-equilibrium state, which indicates that the generation of electrical current occurs immediately after the thermite burning. (author)

  14. Robust and low power register file in 65 nm technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Xingxing; Zeng Xiaoyang; Li Yi; Xiong Baoyu; Han Jun; Zhang Yuejun; Dong Fangyuan; Zhang Zhang; Yu Zhiyi; Cheng Xu

    2012-01-01

    A register file (RF) with 32 × 32 capacity and 4-read 2-write (4R2W) ports is presented and analyzed in detail.A new output structure using a MUX and a latch is proposed.It eliminates any dynamic or analog circuit in the read path,and thus it can improve robustness and reduce power at the same time.We also simplify the timing sequence due to the output scheme.The simplified timing circuit not only cuts down the power but also improves the robustness.In addition,less power is achieved when successive read of“0” or “1” is performed.The RF has been fabricated in TSMC 65 nm technology,and the chip test demonstrates that it can operate at 0.8 GHz,consuming 7.2 mW at 1.2 V.

  15. Gender-based wage differentials among registered dietitians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollard, Prudence; Taylor, Maxine; Daher, Noha

    2007-01-01

    The debate on compensation equity is broad-based, addressing many organizational, personal, and outcome factors. Central to compensation philosophy is the issue of gender equity. Health care, like many other industries, remains fraught with gender inequity in compensation. This inequity is partially explained by choice of practice area. However, much remains unexplained. Health care is a female-dominated industry with most of the women working in the allied health professions (eg, nurses, dietitians, etc). Registered dietitians (RD) may experience wage discrimination, similar to registered nurses, but prior to the present study, the assumption was not tested. Using data from the first comprehensive study of RD compensation, we examined gender equity in total cash compensation to RDs. Data were collected on total cash compensation, and questions focused on career progression and work outcomes. For purposes of our study, we analyzed data on 5,477 full-time RDs. Ninety-six percent were women, the median age was 43, and median total cash compensation for RDs employed in the position for at least 1 year was $45,500.00. Women earned $45,285.00 and men earned $50,250.00. A median wage gap of $4,965.00 between women and men was observed. Variability in total cash compensation to women was best explained by size of budget, years of experience, work setting, and educational level. Variability for men was explained by size of budget, years of experience, educational level, and employer status. Conclusions suggest that given the wage discrimination that female RDs experience, work organizations should evaluate their pay plans to monitor pay equity. Factors that women can manage to receive compensation that is equal to that of the men include size of budgets they manage, years of experience in the field, employer status, work setting, and educational level attained. Findings are useful for career advisers, human resource specialists, compensation specialists, supervisors, RDs

  16. Outcomes in registered, ongoing randomized controlled trials of patient education.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Pino

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: With the increasing prevalence of chronic noncommunicable diseases, patient education is becoming important to strengthen disease prevention and control. We aimed to systematically determine the extent to which registered, ongoing randomized controlled trials (RCTs evaluated an educational intervention focus on patient-important outcomes (i.e., outcomes measuring patient health status and quality of life. METHODS: On May 6, 2009, we searched for all ongoing RCTs registered in the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry platform. We used a standardized data extraction form to collect data and determined whether the outcomes assessed were 1 patient-important outcomes such as clinical events, functional status, pain, or quality of life or 2 surrogate outcomes, such as biological outcome, treatment adherence, or patient knowledge. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We selected 268 of the 642 potentially eligible studies and assessed a random sample of 150. Patient-important outcomes represented 54% (178 of 333 of all primary outcomes and 46% (286 of 623 of all secondary outcomes. Overall, 69% of trials (104 of 150 used at least one patient-important outcome as a primary outcome and 66% (99 of 150 as a secondary outcome. Finally, for 31% of trials (46 of 150, primary outcomes were only surrogate outcomes. The results varied by medical area. In neuropsychiatric disorders, patient important outcomes represented 84% (51 of 61 of primary outcomes, as compared with 54% (32 of 59 in malignant neoplasm and 18% (4 of 22 in diabetes mellitus trials. In addition, only 35% assessed the long-term impact of interventions (i.e., >6 months. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to improve the relevance of outcomes and to assess the long term impact of educational interventions in RCTs.

  17. European Interoperability Assets Register and Quality Framework Implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno-Conde, Alberto; Thienpont, Geert; Lamote, Inge; Coorevits, Pascal; Parra, Carlos; Kalra, Dipak

    2016-01-01

    Interoperability assets is the term applied to refer to any resource that can support the design, implementation and successful adoption of eHealth services that can exchange data meaningfully. Some examples may include functional requirements, specifications, standards, clinical models and term lists, guidance on how standards may be used concurrently, implementation guides, educational resources, and other resources. Unfortunately, these are largely accessible in ad hoc ways and result in scattered fragments of a solution space that urgently need to be brought together. At present, it is well known that new initiatives and projects will reinvent assets of which they were unaware, while those assets which were potentially of great value are forgotten, not maintained and eventually fall into disuse. This research has defined a quality in use model and assessed the suitability of this quality framework based on the feedback and opinion of a representative sample of potential end users. This quality framework covers the following domains of asset development and adoption: (i) Development process, (ii) Maturity level, (iii) Trustworthiness, (iv) Support & skills, (v) Sustainability, (vi) Semantic interoperability, (vii) Cost & effort of adoption (viii) Maintenance. When participants were requested to evaluate how the overall quality in use framework, 70% would recommend using the register to their colleagues, 70% felt that it could provide relevant benefits for discovering new assets, and 50% responded that it would support their decision making about the recommended asset to adopt or implement in their organisation. Several European projects have expressed interest in using the register, which will now be sustained and promoted by the the European Institute for Innovation through Health Data. PMID:27577473

  18. 76 FR 51027 - Pesticide Products; Receipt of Applications to Register New Uses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-17

    ... AGENCY Pesticide Products; Receipt of Applications to Register New Uses AGENCY: Environmental Protection... uses for pesticide products containing currently registered active ingredients, pursuant to the provisions of section 3(c) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), as...

  19. Quality registers in professional health care educations: knowledge gaps and proposed actions:

    OpenAIRE

    Nordin Annika M. M.; Ernsäter Torie Palm; Bergman Bo

    2014-01-01

    Background and purpose: The use of quality registers has increased rapidly in Sweden and they are identified as beneficial for health care competitiveness. A quality register is a structured gathering of patient information, to improve health care. However, the introduction of quality registers in health care organisations presupposes that employees know how to use them in quality improvement. Disconnections, or knowledge gaps, concerning quality registers hamper the possibilities to take adv...

  20. A national register for surveillance of inherited disorders: beta thalassaemia in the United Kingdom.

    OpenAIRE

    Modell, B; Khan, M.; Darlison, M.; KING,A; Layton, M.; Old, J.; Petrou, M; Varnavides, L.

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the value of a national register for surveillance of services for an inherited disorder. METHODS: Data from the United Kingdom Thalassaemia Register and the United Kingdom Register of Prenatal Diagnosis for Haemoglobin Disorders were combined in a database; these registers include all fetuses known to have been diagnosed with beta thalassaemia major, beta thalassaemia intermedia, or haemoglobin E/beta thalassaemia in the United Kingdom. Data were extracted to show ou...

  1. Increasing illness among people out of labor market - A Danish register-based study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ingelise; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik; Kriegbaum, Margit;

    2016-01-01

    ) the prevalence of four chronic diseases (cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and mental disorders) among those out-of-work had changed, ii) the occurrence of new cases of those diseases were higher among those who were already out-of-work, or iii) if non-health-related benefits were disproportionately given...... to individuals recently diagnosed with a disease compared to those without disease. The study was register-based and comprised all Danish residents aged 20-60. During the study period, the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and mental disorders increased among both employed and non-employed people....... The increased prevalence for mental disorder was particularly high among people receiving means-tested benefits. Disease incidence was higher among people outside rather than inside the labor market, especially for mental disorders. Employed people with incident diseases had an unsurprisingly increased risk...

  2. Incidence of fractures in patients with multiple sclerosis: the Danish National Health Registers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bazelier, Marloes T; de Vries, Frank; Bentzen, Joan;

    2012-01-01

    (controls). Incidence rates of fracture were estimated as the number of fractures per 1000 person-years. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) were calculated by dividing fracture rates in MS patients by fracture rates in controls. Results: Among patients with MS, the incidence rate of any fracture yielded 22.8 per......Background: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are potentially at high risk of fracture due to falls and osteoporosis. Objective: To estimate incidence rates of fractures in MS patients, stratified by fracture type, sex and age, and to compare these rates with controls. Methods: The case...... population consisted of all patients with an accepted diagnosis of MS in the Danish MS Registry (1949-2007). Data were linked to the National Hospital Discharge Register (1977-2007). Patients with MS (n = 11,157) were 1: 6 matched by year of birth, gender, calendar time and region to persons without MS...

  3. 78 FR 9389 - Notice of Receipt of Pesticide Products; Registration Applications To Register New Uses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    ... AGENCY Notice of Receipt of Pesticide Products; Registration Applications To Register New Uses AGENCY... register new uses for pesticide products containing currently registered active ingredients pursuant to the provisions of section 3(c) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), as...

  4. Register of names and types : a comparison between Mesembryanthemaceae and Poaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. E. Gibbs Russell

    1984-12-01

    Full Text Available A register of names and types for southern Africa would make possible a more rapid completion of the Flora of Southern Africa. Registers for Mesembryanthemaceae and Poaceae, families which are similar in number of species and names, but different in distribution and importance, are compared, to give guidelines for an efficient approach to extending the register to include other families.

  5. 20 CFR 325.2 - Procedure for registering for unemployment benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ACT REGISTRATION FOR RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS § 325.2 Procedure for registering for unemployment benefits. (a) Registering as unemployed. To claim unemployment benefits for any day... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedure for registering for...

  6. 77 FR 59013 - State Journal Register, Camera and Plate Department, Springfield, IL; Notice of Affirmative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-25

    ... Register on August 9, 2012 (77 FR 47674). The workers' firm is engaged in activities related to the... Employment and Training Administration State Journal Register, Camera and Plate Department, Springfield, IL... workers of State Journal Register, Camera and Plate Department, Springfield, Illinois. The...

  7. Awareness of Cornea Donation of Registered Tissue Donors in Nanjing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ting Chu; Lin-nong Wang; Hao Yu; Ru-yang Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the current cornea donation awareness of tissue donors in the city of Nanjing,China. Methods Altogether 2000 registered tissue donors in the Red Cross Eye Bank of Nanjing by the end of 2010 and 2000 control residents of Nanjing in February to June 2011 were randomly selected to par-ticipate in our field questionnaire survey. The questionnaire consisted of questions regarding the understand-ing of cornea donation,the attitude toward cornea donation,and attitude toward legislation and free dona-tion. The awareness of cornea donation between the registered tissue donors and residents was compared. Related factors of the willingness to donate corneas and to become a tissue donor were evaluated with uni-variate and multiple logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 1867 (response rate: 93.4%) tissue donors and 1796 (response rate: 89.8%; ef-fective questionnaires: 1697) residents participated in this survey. For the questions about the knowledge of cornea donation,90.3% tissue donors (residents: 78.9%) knew that donated corneas could be used for transplantations; 71.2% tissue donors (residents: 47.6%) knew that the appearance would not be destroyed after cornea donation; 70.7% tissue donors (residents: 20.0%) knew the formalities to become a cornea do-nor. For attitude toward cornea donation,82.2% tissue donors (residents: 45.1%) were willing to donate corneas or eyeballs after death; 84.0% tissue donors (residents: 30.2%) had discussed with their families about donation; 85.1% tissue donors (residents: 24.8%) supported their families' or friends' cornea donation. For attitude toward legislation and free donation,88.3% tissue donors (residents: 61.3%) approved of legis-lation to regular cornea donation; 72.2% tissue donors (residents: 38.8%) thought that cornea or organ do-nation should be gratis. The difference between two groups was significant (P<0.001). However,some tissue donors did not know cornea donation well,some even opposed the

  8. Biofouling management by the BiosS-Treat {sup registered} -process for purification of surface water by reverse osmosis; Biofouling-Management mit dem BiosS-Treat {sup registered} -Verfahren fuer die Aufbereitung von Oberflaechenwaessern mittels Umkehrosmose-Anlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keil, U.; Brueggendick, H. [STEAG encotec GmbH, Essen (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    In most plants biofouling problems are causing frequent membrane blocking with the consequences of degradation of plant performance and finally in many cases of unavoidable replacement of RO elements. In contrast to existing technologies the new biofouling management called BiosS-Treat {sup registered}, focuses on a preventive concept which is based on microbiological aspects. CEK engineering and STE-AG encotec have developed this new design of pre-treatment for the river water RO plant of the STEAG refinery power plant in Leuna, Germany. By BioS-Treat {sup registered} the availability of the RO plant was optimised significantly and the operating costs have been reduced to more then 60% in five years of operation. (orig.)

  9. New developments of the KOMPOFERM {sup registered} system. Lean gas management, SMARTFERM, double membrane roof; Neue Entwicklungen des KOMPOFERM {sup registered} -Systems. Schwachgasmanagement, SMARTFERM, Doppelmembrandach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Striewski, Sandra [KOMPOTEC Kompostierungsanlagen GmbH, Nieheim (Germany)

    2012-11-01

    The KOMPOFERM {sup registered} dry fermentation process is a mesophilic batch process for biogas production from solid biomass. The system is developed continuously for higher economic efficiency, emission reduction and environmental protection. The contribution describes the optimisations of the KOMPOFERM {sup registered} system and presents examples of its practical implementation, e.g. thermophilic process control, the KOMPOFERM {sup registered} double membrane roof for optimum gas utilisation and reduction of the lean gas volume, the KOMPOFERM {sup registered} plus process with a percolate fermenter below the fermenter tunnels, the automatic feeding system for the rotting and/or fermenter tunnels and SMARTFERM, the dry fermentation module for plants up to 4m000 Mg input. (org.) [German] Als mesophiles Batchverfahren hat sich das KOMPOFERM {sup registered} -Trockenvergaerungsverfahren zur Erzeugung von Biogas aus fester Biomasse am Markt etabliert. Das System wird stetig weiterentwickelt, um die Wirtschaftlichkeit wie auch den Emissions- und Umweltschutz der Anlagen zu verbessern. Die Optimierungen des KOMPOFERM {sup registered} -Systems werden in diesem Artikel erlaeutert und Beispiele fuer deren praktische Umsetzung gegeben, wie die thermophile Prozessfuehrung des Systems, das KOMPOFERM {sup registered} -Doppelmembrandach zur optimalen Gasnutzung und Reduzierung von Schwachgas, das KOMPOFERM {sup registered} plus-Verfahren mit einem Perkolatfermenter unterhalb der Fermentertunnel, das automatische Eintragungsgeraet fuer Rotte- und/oder Fermentertunnel sowie SMARTFERM, das Trockenfermentationsmodul fuer Anlagen bis 4.000 Mg Input. (org.)

  10. Classification of electrophoretic registers from meningitis contaminated rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis E Mendoza

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a new method for classification of Capillary Electrophoretic Registers (CER retrieved from cerebrospinal fluid sample taken from meningitis contaminated rats. The proposed approach applies several signal processing tools such as, wavelet analysis (WA, dynamic programming, principal component analysis (PCA and support vector machines (SVM, for data pre-processing, feature extraction and CER classification. Furthermore, an algorithm is developed that detects zones in the CER where local energy variations between study groups (meningitis group and control group are observed. This algorithm help us to identify the effects that Kliebsella Pneumonie (KP bacteria produce in certain substances (aminoacids that are part of the cerebrospinal fluid samples. It is shown that Meningitis disease can be effectively detected, analyzing the CER with the proposed methods. Futhermore, we show that exploiting the information related to the local energy variation improves the classification correctness rate up to 97.3%. This classification performance is obtained using least square SVM (LS-SVM as classification tools and the parameterized CER representation proposed in this paper.

  11. G-register exchange dynamics in guanine quadruplexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harkness, Robert W; Mittermaier, Anthony K

    2016-05-01

    G-quadruplexes (GQs) are 4-stranded DNA structures formed by tracts of stacked, Hoogsteen-hydrogen bonded guanosines. GQs are found in gene promoters and telomeres where they regulate gene transcription and telomere elongation. Though GQ structures are well-characterized, many aspects of their conformational dynamics are poorly understood. For example, when there are surplus guanosines in some of the tracts, they can slide with respect to one another, a process we term G-register (GR) exchange. These motions could in principle entropically stabilize the folded state, crucially benefitting GQs as their stabilities are closely tied to biological function. We have developed a method for characterizing GR exchange where each isomer in the wild-type conformational ensemble is trapped by mutation and thermal denaturation data for the set of trapped mutants and wild-type are analyzed simultaneously. This yields GR isomer populations as a function of temperature, quantifies conformational entropy and sheds light on correlated sliding motions of the G-tracts. We measured entropic stabilizations from GR exchange up to 14.3 ± 1.6 J mol(-1) K(-1), with melting temperature increases up to 7.3 ± 1.6°C. Furthermore, bioinformatic analysis suggests a majority of putative human GQ sequences are capable of GR exchange, pointing to the generality of this phenomenon. PMID:27060139

  12. Registered Replication Report: Hart & Albarracín (2011).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Language can be viewed as a complex set of cues that shape people's mental representations of situations. For example, people think of behavior described using imperfective aspect (i.e., what a person was doing) as a dynamic, unfolding sequence of actions, whereas the same behavior described using perfective aspect (i.e., what a person did) is perceived as a completed whole. A recent study found that aspect can also influence how we think about a person's intentions (Hart & Albarracín, 2011). Participants judged actions described in imperfective as being more intentional (d between 0.67 and 0.77) and they imagined these actions in more detail (d = 0.73). The fact that this finding has implications for legal decision making, coupled with the absence of other direct replication attempts, motivated this registered replication report (RRR). Multiple laboratories carried out 12 direct replication studies, including one MTurk study. A meta-analysis of these studies provides a precise estimate of the size of this effect free from publication bias. This RRR did not find that grammatical aspect affects intentionality (d between 0 and -0.24) or imagery (d = -0.08). We discuss possible explanations for the discrepancy between these results and those of the original study. PMID:26817732

  13. Databases and registers: useful tools for research, no studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curbelo, Rafael J; Loza, Estíbaliz; de Yébenes, Maria Jesús García; Carmona, Loreto

    2014-04-01

    There are many misunderstandings about databases. Database is a commonly misused term in reference to any set of data entered into a computer. However, true databases serve a main purpose, organising data. They do so by establishing several layers of relationships; databases are hierarchical. Databases commonly organise data over different levels and over time, where time can be measured as the time between visits, or between treatments, or adverse events, etc. In this sense, medical databases are closely related to longitudinal observational studies, as databases allow the introduction of data on the same patient over time. Basically, we could establish four types of databases in medicine, depending on their purpose: (1) administrative databases, (2) clinical databases, (3) registers, and (4) study-oriented databases. But a database is a useful tool for a large variety of studies, not a type of study itself. Different types of databases serve very different purposes, and a clear understanding of the different research designs mentioned in this paper would prevent many of the databases we launch from being just a lot of work and very little science. PMID:24509895

  14. Exploring the transition from registered nurse to family nurse practitioner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poronsky, Cathlin Buckingham

    2013-01-01

    There is limited information available regarding the transition from registered nurse (RN) to family nurse practitioner (FNP). Several authors described this transition as taking place in 4 stages, and others described it as a 2-phase process. However, there is a lack of consensus about the definition of these stages and phases and at what point they occur for nurses who are making the transition from an RN to an FNP. From what is known, this multistage/2-phase transition is accompanied by feelings of anxiety, stress, role confusion, and emotional turmoil. As a nurse faculty member, the author theorized that nurse faculty might be in a position to provide support for graduate students making this transition in role. However, there was little information available about the transition phases, stages, and needs of students during graduate school. The search for a framework to explore transition yielded transition theory, which is described and applied to FNP transition in this article. Transition theory may be useful for examining more fully the phases and stages of RN-to-FNP transition. In this time of increased need for qualified primary care providers, it is essential that graduates of FNP programs transition into practice following graduation.

  15. Spatial features register: toward standardization of spatial features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cascio, Janette

    1994-01-01

    As the need to share spatial data increases, more than agreement on a common format is needed to ensure that the data is meaningful to both the importer and the exporter. Effective data transfer also requires common definitions of spatial features. To achieve this, part 2 of the Spatial Data Transfer Standard (SDTS) provides a model for a spatial features data content specification and a glossary of features and attributes that fit this model. The model provides a foundation for standardizing spatial features. The glossary now contains only a limited subset of hydrographic and topographic features. For it to be useful, terms and definitions must be included for other categories, such as base cartographic, bathymetric, cadastral, cultural and demographic, geodetic, geologic, ground transportation, international boundaries, soils, vegetation, water, and wetlands, and the set of hydrographic and topographic features must be expanded. This paper will review the philosophy of the SDTS part 2 and the current plans for creating a national spatial features register as one mechanism for maintaining part 2.

  16. Assessment of Bonelike (registered) graft with a resorbable matrix using an animal model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lobato, J.V. [CHVNG-Servico de Estomatologia, Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia (Portugal); ICBAS-Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas de Abel Salazar, Universidade do Porto, Largo Professor Abel Salazar, 2, 4099-003 Porto (Portugal); CECA/ICETA-Centro de Estudos de Ciencia Animal, Instituto de Ciencias e Tecnologias Agrarias e Agro-Alimentares, Campus Agrario de Vairao, Rua Padre Armando Quintas, 4485-661 Vairao (Portugal); Hussain, N. Sooraj [INEB-Instituto de Engenharia Biomedica, Laboratorio de Biomateriais, Rua Campo Alegre, 823, 4150-180, Porto (Portugal); FEUP-Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, DEMM, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto (Portugal); Botelho, C.M. [INEB-Instituto de Engenharia Biomedica, Laboratorio de Biomateriais, Rua Campo Alegre, 823, 4150-180, Porto (Portugal); FEUP-Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, DEMM, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto (Portugal); Mauricio, A.C. [ICBAS-Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas de Abel Salazar, Universidade do Porto, Largo Professor Abel Salazar, 2, 4099-003 Porto (Portugal); CECA/ICETA-Centro de Estudos de Ciencia Animal, Instituto de Ciencias e Tecnologias Agrarias e Agro-Alimentares, Campus Agrario de Vairao, Rua Padre Armando Quintas, 4485-661 Vairao (Portugal); Afonso, A. [FMDUP-Faculdade de Medicina Dentaria da Universidade do Porto, Rua Dr. Manuel Pereira da Silva, 4200-393 Porto (Portugal); Ali, N. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Santos, J.D. [INEB-Instituto de Engenharia Biomedica, Laboratorio de Biomateriais, Rua Campo Alegre, 823, 4150-180, Porto (Portugal) and FEUP-Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, DEMM, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto (Portugal)]. E-mail: jdsantos@fe.up.pt

    2006-09-25

    Synthetic bone grafts have been developed to provide an alternative to autografts and allografts. Bonelike (registered) is a patented synthetic osteoconductive bone graft that mimics the mineral composition of natural bone. In the present preliminary animal studies a user-friendly version of synthetic bone graft Bonelike (registered) have been developed by using a resorbable matrix, Floseal (registered) , as a vehicle and raloxifene hydrochloride as a therapeutic molecule, that is known to decrease osteoclast activity and therefore enhanced bone formation. From histological and scanning electron microscopy evaluations, the use of Bonelike (registered) associated with Floseal (registered) and raloxifene hydrochloride showed that new bone was rapidly apposed on implanted granules and also that the presence of the matrix and therapeutic molecule does not alter the proven highly osteoconductivity properties of Bonelike (registered) . Therefore, this association may be one step-forward for the clinical applications of Bonelike (registered) scaffolds since it is much more easy-to-handle when compared to granular materials.

  17. Total ankle replacement: a population-based study of 515 cases from the Finnish Arthroplasty Register

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koivu, Helka; Eskelinen, Antti; Ikävalko, Mikko; Paavolainen, Pekka; Remes, Ville

    2010-01-01

    Background and purpose Although total ankle replacement (TAR) is a recognized procedure for treatment of the painful arthritic ankle, the best choice of implant and the long-term results are still unknown. We evaluated the survival of two TAR designs and factors associated with survival using data from the nationwide arthroplasty registry in Finland. Methods 573 primary TARs were performed during the period 1982–2006 because of rheumatic, arthritic, or posttraumatic ankle degeneration. We selected contemporary TAR designs that were each used in more than 40 operations, including the S.T.A.R. (n = 217) and AES (n = 298), to assess their respective survival rates. The mean age of the patients was 55 (17–86) years and 63% of operations were performed in women. Kaplan-Meier analysis and the Cox regression model were used for survival analysis. The effects of age, sex, diagnosis, and hospital volume were also studied. Results The annual incidence of TAR was 1.5 per 105 inhabitants. The 5-year overall survivorship for the whole TAR cohort was 83% (95% CI: 81–86), which agrees with earlier reports. The most frequent reasons for revision were aseptic loosening of one or both of the prosthesis components (39%) and instability (39%). We found no difference in survival rate between the S.T.A.R. and AES designs. Furthermore, age, sex, diagnosis, and hospital volume ( 100 replacements in each of 17 hospitals) did not affect the TAR survival. Interpretation Based on our findings, we cannot conclude that any prosthesis was superior to any other. A high number of technical errors in primary TARs suggests that this low-volume field of implant arthroplasty should be centralized to fewer units. PMID:20180720

  18. Occupational radiation exposure in Germany in 2012. Report of the radiation protection register

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Germany, persons who are occupationally exposed to ionising radiation are monitored by several official dosimetry services that transmit the dose records about individual radiation monitoring to the Radiation Protection Register of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS). The purpose of the Radiation Protection Register is to supervise the keeping of the dose limits and to monitor the compliance with the radiation protection principle ''Optimisation'' by performing detailed annual statistical analyses of the monitored persons and their radiation exposure. The annual report of the Radiation Protection Register provides information about status and development of occupational radiation exposure in Germany. In 2012, about 350,000 workers were monitored with dosemeters for occupational radiation exposure. The number increased continuously by totally 10 % into the past five years. 19 % of the monitored persons received measurable personal doses. The average annual dose of these exposed workers was 0.52 mSv corresponding to 2.6 % of the annual dose limit of 20 mSv for radiation workers. In total, 2 persons exceeded the annual dose limit of 20 mSv, i.e. less than one case per 100,000 monitored persons. The collective dose of the monitored persons decreased to 27.9 Person-Sv, the lowest value since the last fifty years of occupational dose monitoring. 45 airlines calculated the route doses of 40,000 aircraft crew members by using certified computer programmes for dose calculation and sent the accumulated monthly doses via the Federal Office for Civil Aviation (''Luftfahrt-Bundesamt, LBA'') to the BfS. The collective dose of the aircraft crew personnel is 78.5 person- Sv, and thus significantly higher than the total collective dose of the workers monitored with personal dosemeters. The annual average dose of aircraft crew personnel was 1.96 mSv and decreased compared to 2011 (2.12 mSv) due to solar cycle. In 2012, about

  19. Occupational radiation exposure in Germany in 2013-2014. Report of the radiation protection register

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Germany, persons who are occupationally exposed to ionising radiation are monitored by several official dosimetry services that transmit the dose records about individual radiation monitoring to the Radiation Protection Register of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS). The purpose of the Radiation Protection Register is to supervise the keeping of the dose limits and to monitor the compliance with the radiation protection principle ''Optimisation'' by performing detailed annual statistical analyses of the monitored persons and their radiation exposure. The annual report of the Radiation Protection Register provides information about status and development of occupational radiation exposure in Germany. In 2014, about 358,000 workers were monitored with dosemeters for occupational radiation exposure. The number increased continuously by totally 5 % into the past five years. 15 % of the monitored persons received measurable personal doses. The average annual dose of these exposed workers was 0.50 mSv corresponding to less than 3 % of the annual dose limit of 20 mSv for radiation workers. In total, two persons exceeded the annual dose limit of 20 mSv, i.e. less than one case per 100,000 monitored persons. The collective dose of the monitored persons decreased to 26.0 Person-Sv, the lowest value since the last fifty years of occupational dose monitoring. 45 airlines calculated the route doses of 39,500 aircraft crew members by using certified computer pro-grammes for dose calculation and sent the accumulated monthly doses via the Federal Office for Civil Aviation (''Luftfahrt-Bundesamt, LBA'') to the BfS. The collective dose of the aircraft crew personnel is 74.8 person-Sv, and thus significantly higher than the total collective dose of the workers monitored with personal dosemeters. The annual average dose of aircraft crew personnel was 1.89 mSv in 2014. In 2014, about 58,500 outside-workers were in possession of

  20. Occupational radiation exposure in Germany in 2011. Report of the radiation protection register

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Germany, persons who are occupationally exposed to ionising radiation are monitored by several official dosimetry services that transmit the dose records about individual radiation monitoring to the Radiation Protection Register of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS). The purpose of the Radiation Protection Register is to supervise the keeping of the dose limits and to monitor the compliance with the radiation protection principle ''Optimisation'' by performing detailed annual statistical analyses of the monitored persons and their radiation exposure. The annual report of the Radiation Protection Register provides information about status and development of occupational radiation exposure in Germany. In 2011, about 350,000 workers were monitored with dosemeters for occupational radiation exposure. The number increased during the past five years continuously by 10 %. Only 19 % of the monitored persons received measurable personal doses. The average annual dose of these exposed workers was 0.58 mSv corresponding to 3 % of the annual dose limit of 20 mSv for radiation workers. In total, 7 persons exceeded the annual dose limit of 20 mSv, i.e. two cases per 100,000 monitored persons. The collective dose of the monitored persons decreased to 38.5 Person-Sv, the lowest value since the last fifty years of occupational dose monitoring. In 2010, 45 airlines calculated the route doses of 39,000 members of the aircraft crew personnel by using certified computer programmes for dose calculation and sent the accumulated monthly doses via the Federal Office for Civil Aviation (''Luftfahrt-Bundesamt, LBA'') to the BfS. The collective dose of the aircraft crew personnel is 83 person-Sv, and thus significantly higher than the total collective dose of the workers monitored with personal dosemeters (38.5 person-Sv). The annual average dose of aircraft crew personnel was 2.12 mSv and decreased compared to 2010 (2,30 mSv). In 2011, about 70,000 outside-workers were in

  1. 75 FR 27375 - Postal Rate Case Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION Postal Rate Case Management AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is seeking comments relevant to management of an anticipated exigent postal rate case. It...

  2. Decomposition of pure states of a quantum register

    CERN Document Server

    Raptis, I; Raptis, Ioannis; Zapatrin, Roman R.

    2000-01-01

    Using the leading vector method, we show that any vector $h\\in(C^2)^{\\otimes l}$ can be decomposed as a sum of at most (and at least in the generic case) $2^l-l$ product vectors using local bitwise unitary transformations. The method is based on representing the vectors by chains of appropriate simplicial complex.

  3. Bluetooth(Registered Trademark) Heart Rate Monitors for Spaceflight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buxton, Roxanne E.; West, Michael R.; Kalogera, Kent L.; Hanson, Andrea M.

    2016-01-01

    ISS Bluetooth validation study, because it simultaneously transmits Magnetic Pulse which is integrated with existing exercise hardware on ISS. The simultaneous data streams allow for beat to beat comparison between the current ISS standard and CS2.Upon Bluetooth(Registered Trademark) validation aboard ISS, down select of a new BT_HRM for operational use will be made.

  4. Ethical misconduct by registered physiotherapists in South Africa (2007–2013: A mixed methods approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem A. Hoffmann

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The role of ethics in a medical context is to protect the interests of patients. Thus,it is critically important to understand the guilty verdicts related to professional standard breaches and ethics misconduct of physiotherapists.Aim: To analyse the case content and penalties of all guilty verdicts related to ethics misconduct against registered physiotherapists in South Africa.Methods: A mixed methods approach was followed consisting of epidemiological data analysis and qualitative content analysis. The data documents were formal annual lists (2007–2013 of guilty verdicts related to ethical misconduct. Quantitative data analysis focused on annual frequencies of guilty verdicts, transgression categories and the imposed penalties. Qualitative data analysis focused on content analysis of the case content for each guilty verdict.Results: Relatively few physiotherapists (0.05% are annually found guilty of ethical misconduct. The two most frequent penalties were fines of R5000.00 and fines of R8000.00–R10 000.00. The majority of transgressions involved fraudulent conduct (70.3%, followed by performance of procedures without patient consent (10.8%. Fraudulent conduct involved issuing misleading, inaccurate or false medical statements, and false or inaccurate medical aid scheme claims.Conclusion: Unethical conduct by physiotherapists in South Africa occurs rarely. The majority of penalties imposed on sanctioned physiotherapists were monetary penalties.

  5. The Danish National Health Service Register (NHSR) as a Source for Research on Primary Care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, John Sahl; Olivarius, Niels de Fine; Krasnik, Allan

    Aim: To describe NHSR in relation to research. Content: The data in the register from general practice is generated through the GPs’ electronic invoices to the Regional Health Administration. Data from 1990 onwards is available covering more than 600 million patient contacts. For each service....... The data is easy accessible from the Danish National Board of Health. Conclusion: The register's strengths include completeness, size and long follow-up period. It is useful for research purposes especially when linked with other registers. However, grave reservations must be made regarding the validity...... the following is registered: 1. The citizen: The unique personal identification number and the allocation to a general practice. The number make it possible to register the age and sex of the citizen, follow the individual contacts with health care over time and merge with other registers. 2. The provider...

  6. Universal control and error correction in multi-qubit spin registers in diamond

    OpenAIRE

    Taminiau, T. H.; Cramer, J.; van der Sar, T.; Dobrovitski, V. V.; Hanson, R.

    2013-01-01

    Quantum registers of nuclear spins coupled to electron spins of individual solid-state defects are a promising platform for quantum information processing. Pioneering experiments selected defects with favourably located nuclear spins having particularly strong hyperfine couplings. For progress towards large-scale applications, larger and deterministically available nuclear registers are highly desirable. Here we realize universal control over multi-qubit spin registers by harnessing abundant ...

  7. Fertility treatment and risk of childhood and adolescent mental disorders: register based cohort study

    OpenAIRE

    Bay, Bjørn; Mortensen, Erik Lykke; Hvidtjørn, Dorte; Kesmodel, Ulrik Schiøler

    2013-01-01

    Objective To assess the mental health of children born after fertility treatment by comparing their risk of mental disorders with that of spontaneously conceived children. Design Prospective register based cohort study. Setting Nationwide register based information from Danish National Health Registers cross linked by a unique personal identification number assigned to all citizens in Denmark. Participants All children born in Denmark in 1995-2003 with follow-up in 2012 when the children were...

  8. A Survey of Registered Dietitians’ Concern and Actions Regarding Climate Change in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Hawkins, Irana W.; Balsam, Alan L.; Goldman, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Dietary choices are a tool to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. While registered dietitians are on the front lines of food and nutrition recommendations, it is unclear how many are concerned with climate change and take action in practice in the United States. We explored concern about climate change among registered dietitians, and identified factors that may influence practice-related behaviors. Our study population included a random sample of all registered dietitians credentialed in the Un...

  9. Registered counsellors' perceptions of their role in the South African context / Marie Claire Michelle Rouillard

    OpenAIRE

    Rouillard, Marie Claire Michelle

    2013-01-01

    Registered counsellors were regarded as part of the solution to the ever-increasing void in mental healthcare and were acknowledged by the South African government over a decade ago. Some challenges have however arisen regarding the implementing of their vocations in the community, that impact service delivery as well as career satisfaction of registered counsellors, but limited information is available in terms of the exploration of the perceptions of registered counsellors re...

  10. Corrosion behavior of Haynes {sup registered} 230 {sup registered} nickel-based super-alloys for integrated coal gasification combined cycle syngas plants. A plant exposure study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sungkyu; Lee, Jieun; Kang, Suk-Hwan; Lee, Seung-Jong; Yun, Yongseung [Institute for Advanced Engineering (IAE), Gyeonggi-do (Korea, Republic of). Plant Engineering Center; Kim, Min Jung [Sungkyunkwan Univ, Gyeonggi-do (Korea, Republic of). Advanced Materials Technology Research Center

    2015-07-01

    The corrosion behavior of commercially available Haynes {sup registered} 230 {sup registered} nickel-based alloy samples was investigated by exposure to coal-gasifying integrated coal gasification combined cycle pilot plant facilities affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Engineering (2.005 MPa and 160-300 C). The morphological and microstructural analyses of the exposed samples were conducted using scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis on the external surface of the recovered corrosion test samples to obtain information of the corrosion scale. These analyses based on the pre- and post-exposure corrosion test samples combined with thermodynamic Ellingham-Pourbaix stability diagrams provided preliminary insight into the mechanism of the observed corrosion behavior prevailing in the piping materials that connected the particulate removal unit and water scrubber of the integrated coal gasification combined cycle pilot plant. Uniform material wastage was observed after 46 hours of operation, and a preliminary corrosion mechanism was suggested: the observed material waste and corrosion behavior of the Haynes {sup registered} 230 {sup registered} nickel-based alloy samples cut off from the coal syngas integrated coal gasification combined cycle plant were explained by the formation of discontinuous (complex) oxide phases and subsequent chlorine-induced active oxidation under the predominantly reducing environment encountered. This contribution continues the already published studies of the Fe-Ni-Cr-Co alloy Haynes {sup registered} 556 {sup registered}.

  11. Corrosion behavior of Haynes registered 230 registered nickel-based super-alloys for integrated coal gasification combined cycle syngas plants. A plant exposure study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The corrosion behavior of commercially available Haynes registered 230 registered nickel-based alloy samples was investigated by exposure to coal-gasifying integrated coal gasification combined cycle pilot plant facilities affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Engineering (2.005 MPa and 160-300 C). The morphological and microstructural analyses of the exposed samples were conducted using scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis on the external surface of the recovered corrosion test samples to obtain information of the corrosion scale. These analyses based on the pre- and post-exposure corrosion test samples combined with thermodynamic Ellingham-Pourbaix stability diagrams provided preliminary insight into the mechanism of the observed corrosion behavior prevailing in the piping materials that connected the particulate removal unit and water scrubber of the integrated coal gasification combined cycle pilot plant. Uniform material wastage was observed after 46 hours of operation, and a preliminary corrosion mechanism was suggested: the observed material waste and corrosion behavior of the Haynes registered 230 registered nickel-based alloy samples cut off from the coal syngas integrated coal gasification combined cycle plant were explained by the formation of discontinuous (complex) oxide phases and subsequent chlorine-induced active oxidation under the predominantly reducing environment encountered. This contribution continues the already published studies of the Fe-Ni-Cr-Co alloy Haynes registered 556 registered.

  12. Mode Selection Rules for Two-Delay Systems: Dynamical Explanation for the Function of the Register Hole on the Clarinet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Kin'ya; Goya, Kana; Goya, Saya

    2014-12-01

    Generally, time-delay systems are regarded as multi-attractor systems. We investigate mode selection rules for two-delay systems considering which oscillation mode is first excited by the Hopf bifurcation with increasing a bifurcation parameter. In particular, we focus on the case that the strength of the short time delay α1 is lower than that of the long time delay α2. In a certain range of α1/α2 in which it is sufficiently small but still not negligible, the third-harmonic mode occupies a particular range of the ratio of the two delay times such that 2 < tR2/tR1 < 4, where tR1 and tR2 denote the short and long delay times, respectively. This is the key for understanding the function of the register hole on the clarinet, which is smaller in radius than the other tone holes, but works well to raise the pitch of first register notes in a wide range more than an octave by a twelfth (19 semitones), i.e., generating third harmonics, when opened. This is confirmed using a simple model of the clarinet with two delays: short and long time delays are regarded as delayed reflections caused by the register hole and the open end of the pipe, respectively. The working range of the register hole roughly corresponds to the particular range of the third-harmonic mode for two-delay systems (2 < tR2/tR1 < 4).

  13. Integration of the blast furnace route and the FINEX {sup registered} -Process for low CO{sub 2} hot metal production

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thaler, Christoph; Schenk, Johannes L. [Montanuniversitaet Leoben, Chair of Metallurgy, Leoben (Austria); Tappeiner, Tamara; Kepplinger, Werner L. [Montanuniversitaet Leoben, Institute of Process Engineering and Environmental Protection, Leoben (Austria); Plaul, Jan Friedemann [Siemens VAI Metals Technologies GmbH, Linz (Austria); Schuster, Stefan [Voestalpine Stahl GmbH, Linz (Austria)

    2012-02-15

    The blast furnace is the most important process for the production of hot metal. An integral part of this process route is the coking of coal and sintering of fine ore. The FINEX {sup registered} -process is a new technology for hot metal production which uses untreated fine ores and coal instead of sinter and coke. This paper deals with the investigation of integration concepts of the blast furnace and FINEX {sup registered}. Low reduced iron (LRI) and/or reducing gas are/is produced in FINEX {sup registered} and are/is considered as substitute/s of burden and fuel in the blast furnace, respectively. In the article the overall fuel demand and CO{sub 2} emissions for the integration of the blast furnace and FINEX {sup registered} are shown. For that reason two case studies for the integration are carried out and compared with the base case, that is, the two-independent processes. The CO{sub 2} emissions are calculated considering the fuel and electric power consumption of the different cases. (Copyright copyright 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  14. Epidemiological aspects of centipede (Scolopendromorphae: Chilopoda bites registered in Greater S. Paulo, SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Knysak Irene

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The lack of basic knowledge on venomous arthropods and the benignity of the clinical manifestations contribute to the centipede bite victims' not being taken to a treatment reference center, leading to underestimation of the number of cases and minimizing the possibility of a broader epidemiological view. An inventory of the centipede bite occurrences in Greater S. Paulo, Brazil, and the therapeutic methods employed, by the main Brazilian medical center for the notification of poisoning by venomous animals, is presented. METHOD: All patient cards of the period 1980-1989 have been checked as to place, month and time of occurrence; sex, age, affected part of the body, signs and symptoms have been observed, as well as the therapeutic methods employed. The centipedes that caused the accidents were identified at the Arthropods Laboratory. RESULTS: It was registered 216 accidents, with a 69% predominance of the Greater S. Paulo and in only 63% of the cases (136 was the agent brought in by the victim for identification. The genera most frequently represented were Cryptops (58%, Otostigmus (33% and Scolopendra (4%. Of the 136 cases, 87% showed erythema, edema, hemorrhage, burns, cephalalgia, and intense pain. There was a predominance of accidents in the warm rainy season, in the morning and for females between 21 and 60 years of age. Hands and feet were the parts of the body most affected. The benign evolution of the clinical picture (54% made therapeutical treatment unnecessary. Only the victims of Scolopendra and Otostigmus (46% were medicated with anesthetics (51%, analgesics (25%, antihistamines and cortisone (24%. CONCLUSION: The reproductive period of the centipedes, associated with their sinanthropic habits, contributes to the greater incidence of accidents in urban areas in the warm rainy season. Only patients bitten by Scolopendra and Otostigmus require therapeutical treatment.

  15. Epidemiological aspects of centipede (Scolopendromorphae: Chilopoda bites registered in Greater S. Paulo, SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Knysak

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The lack of basic knowledge on venomous arthropods and the benignity of the clinical manifestations contribute to the centipede bite victims' not being taken to a treatment reference center, leading to underestimation of the number of cases and minimizing the possibility of a broader epidemiological view. An inventory of the centipede bite occurrences in Greater S. Paulo, Brazil, and the therapeutic methods employed, by the main Brazilian medical center for the notification of poisoning by venomous animals, is presented. METHOD: All patient cards of the period 1980-1989 have been checked as to place, month and time of occurrence; sex, age, affected part of the body, signs and symptoms have been observed, as well as the therapeutic methods employed. The centipedes that caused the accidents were identified at the Arthropods Laboratory. RESULTS: It was registered 216 accidents, with a 69% predominance of the Greater S. Paulo and in only 63% of the cases (136 was the agent brought in by the victim for identification. The genera most frequently represented were Cryptops (58%, Otostigmus (33% and Scolopendra (4%. Of the 136 cases, 87% showed erythema, edema, hemorrhage, burns, cephalalgia, and intense pain. There was a predominance of accidents in the warm rainy season, in the morning and for females between 21 and 60 years of age. Hands and feet were the parts of the body most affected. The benign evolution of the clinical picture (54% made therapeutical treatment unnecessary. Only the victims of Scolopendra and Otostigmus (46% were medicated with anesthetics (51%, analgesics (25%, antihistamines and cortisone (24%. CONCLUSION: The reproductive period of the centipedes, associated with their sinanthropic habits, contributes to the greater incidence of accidents in urban areas in the warm rainy season. Only patients bitten by Scolopendra and Otostigmus require therapeutical treatment.

  16. 17 CFR 405.5 - Risk assessment reporting requirements for registered government securities brokers and dealers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Risk assessment reporting requirements for registered government securities brokers and dealers. 405.5 Section 405.5 Commodity and... OF 1934 REPORTS AND AUDIT § 405.5 Risk assessment reporting requirements for registered...

  17. Exploring the Use of Multidimensional Analysis of Learner Language to Promote Register Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguado-Jimenez, Pilar; Perez-Paredes, Pascual; Sanchez, Purificacion

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses the use of multidimensional analysis (MA) of learner language to promote the awareness of linguistic concepts such as register and variation. Our research explores the introduction of learner register awareness by using MA of learner language in the field of university Foreign Language Teaching (FLT). In this context, a group…

  18. 17 CFR 270.6c-3 - Exemptions for certain registered variable life insurance separate accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... registered variable life insurance separate accounts. 270.6c-3 Section 270.6c-3 Commodity and Securities... 1940 § 270.6c-3 Exemptions for certain registered variable life insurance separate accounts. A separate account which meets the requirements of paragraph (a) of Rule 6e-2 (17 CFR 270.6e-2) or paragraph (a)...

  19. A Decoupling Control Strategy for Multilayer Register System in Printed Electronic Equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shanhui Liu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Register accuracy is an important index to evaluate the quality of electronic products printed by gravure printed electronic equipment. However, the complex relationships of multilayer register system make the problem of decoupling control difficult to be solved, which has limited the improvement of register accuracy for the gravure printed electronic equipment. Therefore, this paper presents an integrated decoupling control strategy based on feedforward control and active disturbance rejection control (ADRC to solve the strong coupling, strong interference, and time-delay problems of multilayer register system. First of all, a coupling and nonlinear model is established according to the multilayer register working principle in gravure printing, and then a linear model of the register system is derived based on the perturbation method. Secondly, according to the linear model, a decoupling control strategy is designed based on feedforward control and ADRC for the multilayer register system. Finally, the results of computer simulation show that the proposed control methodology can realize a decoupling control and has good control performance for multilayer register system.

  20. Three registers in an untrained female singer analyzed by videokymography, strobolaryngoscopy and sound spectrography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Svec, Jan G.; Sundberg, Johan; Hertegard, Stellan

    2008-01-01

    There has been a lack of objective data on the singing voice registers, particularly on the so called "whistle" register, occurring in the top part of the female pitch range, which is accessible only to some singers. This study offers unique strobolaryngoscopic and high-speed (7812.5 images/s) video

  1. 75 FR 26278 - The Register of Copyrights’ and the Copyright Royalty Judges’ authority to determine the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-11

    ... Copyright Office The Register of Copyrights' and the Copyright Royalty Judges' authority to determine the constitutionality of 17 U.S.C. 114(f)(5) AGENCY: Copyright Office, Library of Congress. ACTION: Final Order. SUMMARY: Two material questions of substantive law were referred to the Register of Copyrights concerning...

  2. Career Motivation in Newly Licensed Registered Nurses: What Makes Them Remain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Zarata Mann; Bailey, Jessica H.

    2010-01-01

    Despite vast research on newly licensed registered nurses (RNs), we don't know why some newly licensed registered nurses remain in their current jobs and others leave the nursing profession early in their career. Job satisfaction, the most significant factor emerging from the literature, plays a significant role in nurses' decisions to remain in…

  3. 75 FR 15724 - National Register of Historic Places; Weekly Listing of Historic Properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Weekly Listing of Historic Properties Pursuant... eligible for listing in, the National Register of Historic Places from January 11 to January 15, 2010. For... Blue Mouse Theatre, 2611 N. Proctor St., Tacoma, 09001235, LISTED, 1/13/10 (Movie Theaters...

  4. 17 CFR 405.2 - Reports to be made by registered government securities brokers and dealers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... AUDIT § 405.2 Reports to be made by registered government securities brokers and dealers. (a) Every...) References to “rules of the Commission” or words of similar import include, where appropriate, the... affiliated registered broker or dealer that files Form BD-Y2K subject to 17 CFR 240.17a-5(e)(5) will...

  5. Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists' Atittudes toward and Perceptions of Teamwork in the Operating Room

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiner, Jeremy S.

    2013-01-01

    Student registered nurse anesthetists are an important part of an operating room team, yet little research has investigated how they perceive teamwork or approach team related issues specific to the operating room. This mixed methods study evaluated junior and senior student registered nurse anesthetists' attitudes toward and perceptions of…

  6. Danish nationwide registers for public health and health-related research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Erlangsen, Annette; Fedyszyn, Izabela

    2015-01-01

    and limitations. METHODS: Danish registers on somatic and psychiatric hospital contacts as well as care provided by general practitioners were reviewed. The availability of demographic, individual-level variables of relevance for health-related research was summarized. RESULTS: Since 1968, every person living......AIMS: The Nordic countries have a strong tradition of using nationwide social and health registers for research purposes. The aim of the current paper is to provide an overview of the Danish population-based registers in public health and health-related research, and to discuss their strengths...... and time trends. Demographic characteristics of individuals and family units, together with information on education, employment, income, place of residence and migration, are provided by social registers. CONCLUSIONS REGISTER DATA ARE FULLY REPRESENTATIVE OF THE ENTIRE POPULATION WITH NO LOSS TO FOLLOW...

  7. Validity of a hospital-based obstetric register using medical records as reference

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brixval, Carina Sjöberg; Thygesen, Lau Caspar; Johansen, Nanna Roed;

    2015-01-01

    and validity of a hospital-based clinical register - the Obstetric Database - using a national register and medical records as references. METHODS: We assessed completeness of a hospital-based clinical register - the Obstetric Database - by linking data from all women registered in the Obstetric Database...... as having given birth in 2013 to the National Patient Register with coverage of all births in 2013. Validity of eleven selected indicators from the Obstetric Database was assessed using medical records as a golden standard. Using a random sample of 250 medical records, we calculated proportion of agreement......, sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values for each indicator. Two assessors independently reviewed medical records and inter-rater reliability was calculated as proportion of agreement and Cohen's κ coefficient. RESULTS: We found 100% completeness of the Obstetric Database when...

  8. Communication of suicide intent by schizophrenic subjects: data from the Queensland Suicide Register

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Leo Diego

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Suicide in mentally ill subjects, like schizophrenics, remains unbearably frequent in Australia and elsewhere. Since these patients are known to constitute a high-risk group, suicide in them should be amongst the most preventable ones. The objective of this study is to investigate the frequency of suicide communication in subjects with reported history of schizophrenia who completed suicide. Method The Queensland Suicide Register (QSR was utilised to identify suicide cases. Frequency of suicide communication was examined in subjects with schizophrenia, and compared with persons with other psychiatric conditions and with subjects with no reported diagnosis. Socio-demographic variables, history of suicidal behaviour, pharmacological treatment and mental health service utilisation were also compared among the three groups. Results and discussion Subjects with a reported diagnosis of schizophrenia comprised 7.2% (n = 135 of the 1,863 suicides included in this study. Subjects with schizophrenia and those with other psychiatric disorders communicated their suicide intent more frequently than those with no psychiatric diagnosis, and persons with schizophrenia communicated their intent more than those with other psychiatric diagnoses. Seventy one per cent of schizophrenia subjects had contact with a mental health professional within the three months prior to suicide. Conclusion The fact that subjects with schizophrenia had the highest prevalence of suicide intent communication could offer concrete opportunities for suicide prevention.

  9. Indicators of fetal growth and bipolar disorder: a Danish national register-based study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øgendahl, Bettina; Agerbo, Esben; Byrne, Majella;

    2006-01-01

    Background. Several studies have found an association between indicators of fetal growth and/or obstetric complications and schizophrenia but only a few studies have investigated the possible association between these factors and bipolar disorder. Furthermore, the results of these studies have be...... with receiving a diagnosis of bipolar disorder.Conclusions. None of the indicators of fetal growth under study could be identified as risk factors for bipolar disorder, suggesting that the etiologies of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, at least in part, are different......Background. Several studies have found an association between indicators of fetal growth and/or obstetric complications and schizophrenia but only a few studies have investigated the possible association between these factors and bipolar disorder. Furthermore, the results of these studies have been...... contradictory. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the risk of bipolar disorder is associated with exposure to indicators of fetal growth.Method. A national population nested case-control study based on Danish longitudinal register databases was carried out. Conditional logistic regression was used...

  10. Compliance amongst asthma patients registered for an asthma disease risk-management programme in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opedun, Ntombombuso; Ehlers, Valerie J; Roos, Janetta H

    2011-09-27

    The study attempted to identify the factors that influence compliance amongst 1039 members and their dependants of a particular medical aid scheme in South Africa who were registered for an asthma disease risk-management (DRM) programme. The sample consisted of 200 systematically selected individuals or their dependants. A quantitative, exploratory, and descriptive study was undertaken. Questionnaires for completion were posted to the individuals or their dependants. The Statistica 7.1 computer program was used to analyse the data.Most asthma patients did not comply with the DRM programme because they lacked knowledge of the programme. Asthma patients' compliance with the DRM programme can be enhanced by the sustained, positive attitudes of their health providers and case managers; better promotion of the programme; and by involving the patients to a greater extent in the long-term management of their disease.Asthma patients require education about healthy lifestyles that would empower them to successfully manage their condition, which would prevent or at least reduce asthma attacks and/or hospital admissions.

  11. Compliance amongst asthma patients registered for an asthma disease risk-management programme in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ntombombuso Opedun

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The study attempted to identify the factors that influence compliance amongst 1039 members and their dependants of a particular medical aid scheme in South Africa who were registered for an asthma disease risk-management (DRM programme. The sample consisted of 200 systematically selected individuals or their dependants. A quantitative, exploratory, and descriptive study was undertaken. Questionnaires for completion were posted to the individuals or their dependants. The Statistica 7.1 computer program was used to analyse the data.Most asthma patients did not comply with the DRM programme because they lacked knowledge of the programme. Asthma patients’ compliance with the DRM programme can be enhanced by the sustained, positive attitudes of their health providers and case managers; better promotion of the programme; and by involving the patients to a greater extent in the long-term management of their disease.Asthma patients require education about healthy lifestyles that would empower them to successfully manage their condition, which would prevent or at least reduce asthma attacks and/or hospital admissions.

  12. The Register of Antarctic Marine Species (RAMS): a ten-year appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jossart, Quentin; Moreau, Camille; Agüera, Antonio; Broyer, Claude De; Danis, Bruno

    2015-01-01

    The Register of Antarctic Marine Species (RAMS) is a marine species database that manages an authoritative taxonomic list of species occurring in the Southern Ocean. RAMS links with several other initiatives managing biogeographic or genomics information. The current paper aims to briefly present RAMS and provides an updated snapshot of its contents, in the form of a DarwinCore checklist (available through http://ipt.biodiversity.aq/resource.do?r=rams) and illustrative barplots. Moreover, this article presents a ten year appraisal (since the creation of RAMS). This appraisal first focuses on RAMS bibliometrics. We observed that RAMS was cited (Google Scholar) in 50 distinct publications among which 32 were peer-reviewed in 18 different journals. Three journals (Antarctic Science, Polar Biology, ZooKeys) represent almost 40% of these peer-review publications. The second appraisal focuses on the evolution of new RAMS records. We observed an important decrease in data additions since 2011. As a case study, we focused on an original dataset for a specific group (Asteroidea, Echinodermata). It appears that around one hundred species of asteroids are lacking in RAMS despite the relatively high availability of these data. This suggests that the users' community (or collaborative projects such as AquaRES) could be helpful in order to maintain the RAMS database over the long term. PMID:26478709

  13. Implementation of anaphylaxis management guidelines: a register-based study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linus Grabenhenrich

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis management guidelines recommend the use of intramuscular adrenaline in severe reactions, complemented by antihistamines and corticoids; secondary prevention includes allergen avoidance and provision of self-applicable first aid drugs. Gaps between recommendations and their implementation have been reported, but only in confined settings. Hence, we analysed nation-wide data on the management of anaphylaxis, evaluating the implementation of guidelines. METHODS: Within the anaphylaxis registry, allergy referral centres across Germany, Austria and Switzerland provided data on severe anaphylaxis cases. Based on patient records, details on reaction circumstances, diagnostic workup and treatment were collected via online questionnaire. Report of anaphylaxis through emergency physicians allowed for validation of registry data. RESULTS: 2114 severe anaphylaxis patients from 58 centres were included. 8% received adrenaline intravenously, 4% intramuscularly; 50% antihistamines, and 51% corticoids. Validation data indicated moderate underreporting of first aid drugs in the Registry. 20% received specific instructions at the time of the reaction; 81% were provided with prophylactic first aid drugs at any time. CONCLUSION: There is a distinct discrepancy between current anaphylaxis management guidelines and their implementation. To improve patient care, a revised approach for medical education and training on the management of severe anaphylaxis is warranted.

  14. Epidemiological studies on syncope--a register based approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruwald, Martin Huth

    2013-01-01

    The epidemiology and prognosis of ‘fainting’ or syncope has puzzled physicians over the years. Is fainting dangerous? This is a question often asked by the patient--and the answer is ‘it depends on a lot of things’. The diverse pathophysiology of syncope and the underlying comorbidites of the pat......The epidemiology and prognosis of ‘fainting’ or syncope has puzzled physicians over the years. Is fainting dangerous? This is a question often asked by the patient--and the answer is ‘it depends on a lot of things’. The diverse pathophysiology of syncope and the underlying comorbidites...... from smaller studies from different clinical settings with wide differences in patient morbidity. Through the extensive Danish registries we examined the characteristics and prognosis of the patients hospitalized due to syncope in a nationwide study. The aims of the present thesis were to investigate...... thesis demonstrated that the ICD-10 discharge diagnosis could reliably identify a cohort of patients admitted for syncope and that the discharge code carried a high number of unexplained cases despite use of numerous tests. The last studies showed that syncope is a common cause for hospital contact...

  15. Balanced Bipartite Graph Based Register Allocation for Network Processors in Mobile and Wireless Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feilong Tang

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Mobile and wireless networks are the integrant infrastructure of mobile and pervasive computing that aims at providing transparent and preferred information and services for people anytime anywhere. In such environments, end-to-end network bandwidth is crucial to improve user's transparent experience when providing on-demand services such as mobile video playing. As a result, powerful computing power is required for networked nodes, especially for routers. General-purpose processors cannot meet such requirements due to their limited processing ability, and poor programmability and scalability. Intel's network processor IXP is specially designed for fast packet processing to achieve a broad bandwidth. IXP provides a large number of registers to reduce the number of memory accesses. Registers in an IXP are physically partitioned as two banks so that two source operands in an instruction have to come from the two banks respectively, which makes the IXP register allocation tricky and different from conventional ones. In this paper, we investigate an approach for efficiently generating balanced bipartite graph and register allocation algorithms for the dual-bank register allocation in IXPs. The paper presents a graph uniform 2-way partition algorithm (FPT, which provides an optimal solution to the graph partition, and a heuristic algorithm for generating balanced bipartite graph. Finally, we design a framework for IXP register allocation. Experimental results demonstrate the framework and the algorithms are efficient in register allocation for IXP network processors.

  16. Register-based estimates of parents' coresidence in Sweden, 1969-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Thomson

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Many of the dramatic changes in family formation and dissolution observed in wealthy countries over the past 60 years are tracked through vital statistics or censuses. The signature change in family behavior -- non-marital cohabitation -- is not, however, registered in most settings. Objective: We evaluate the quality of new register-based estimates of parents' union status at birth and of separation during the childrearing years. Methods: Parents of a common child are identified through the Multi-Generation Register that links each child to each parent and therefore each parent to each other. The Total Population Register identifies the property at which each parent is registered at the end of each year. We use the five-year censuses 1960-1990 as one standard of comparison because the censuses identify the dwelling unit for each parent on the census date. Results: Property-based estimates of parents' coresidence compare very well to census reports. Register-based estimates are virtually identical with those produced from the 1992 Swedish Fertility and Family Survey; differences between register estimates and those produced from the 1991 and 2000 Level of Living Survey can be explained by differences in measurement of marriage and cohabitation. Conclusions: Estimates of parents' cohabitation based on annual, property-level registration are of sufficient quality for their use in substantive analyses of union status at birth and parents' separation in Sweden. Comments: Although register-based estimates of parents' coresidence at a child's birth or afterwards can be generated only for a select group of countries, their use can be fruitful for understanding more general processes of family change. Centralized administrative registers exist in many countries but have not been made fully available for research therefore losing much of the potential value.

  17. Performance-Centric Optimization for Racetrack Memory Based Register File on GPUs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yun Liang; Shuo Wang

    2016-01-01

    The key to high performance for GPU architecture lies in its massive threading capability to drive a large number of cores and enable execution overlapping among threads. However, in reality, the number of threads that can simultaneously execute is often limited by the size of the register file on GPUs. The traditional SRAM-based register file takes up so large amount of chip area that it cannot scale to meet the increasing demand of GPU applications. Racetrack memory (RM) is a promising technology for designing large capacity register file on GPUs due to its high data storage density. However, without careful deployment of RM-based register file, the lengthy shift operations of RM may hurt the performance. In this paper, we explore RM for designing high-performance register file for GPU architecture. High storage density RM helps to improve the thread level parallelism (TLP), but if the bits of the registers are not aligned to the ports, shift operations are required to move the bits to the access ports before they are accessed, and thus the read/write operations are delayed. We develop an optimization framework for RM-based register file on GPUs, which employs three different optimization techniques at the application, compilation, and architecture level, respectively. More clearly, we optimize the TLP at the application level, design a register mapping algorithm at the compilation level, and design a preshifting mechanism at the architecture level. Collectively, these optimizations help to determine the TLP without causing cache and register file resource contention and reduce the shift operation overhead. Experimental results using a variety of representative workloads demonstrate that our optimization framework achieves up to 29%(21%on average) performance improvement.

  18. THE RUSSIAN DATA OF INTERNATIONAL ENDORSE REGISTER (EPIDEMIOLOGIC INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE EVALUATION OF PATIENTS AT RISK OF VENOUS THROMBOSIS IN ACUTE HOSPITAL CARE SETTING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Sulimov

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To estimate a risk factor frequency of venous thromboembolism (VTE in patients urgently hospitalized in hospitals, and also to estimate of patients part having effective prevention of VTE.Material and methods. ENDORSE (Epidemiologic International Day for the Evaluation of Patients at Risk of Venous Thrombosis in Acute Hospital Care Setting is the international register. Patients of 40 years and older hospitalised in therapeutic departments as well as patients of 18 years and older hospitalised in surgical departments (358 hospitals in 32 countries were included in the register. The case history analysis of all patients was performed for estimation of risk VTE and evaluation of preventive therapy quality according to American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP Recommendation 2004.Results. Totally 68 183 patients (including 30 827 (45% surgical patients and 37 356 (55% therapeutic patients were enrolled in Global ENDORSE Register. Russian centers enrolled 4 788 patients (including 2 829 (59% surgical patients and 1 959 (41% therapeutic patients. Totally 35 329 (51,8% patients enrolled in Global ENDORSE Register (64,4% of surgical patients (19 842 and 41,5% of therapeutic patients (15 487 had VTE risks. In Russia 2 188 enrolled patients (45,7% had VTE risks (52% of surgical patients (1 470 and 36,7% of therapeutic patients (718. Totally 17 732 (50,2% patients enrolled in Global Register ENDORSE and having VTE risks received VTE preventive therapy according to АССР Recommendations 2004. In Russia 521 (23,8% patients enrolled in Global ENDORSE Register and having VTE risks received VTE preventive therapy according to АССР Recommendations 2004. It is more than 2 times less in comparison with world level (р<0.001.Conclusion. There are a lot of patients with VTE risks in hospitals. It is necessary to improve preventive therapy of VTE due to better hospital management and more active use of АССР Recommendations 2004.

  19. Plagiarism and registered health professionals: navigating the borderlands between scholarly and professional misconduct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wardle, Jon

    2013-12-01

    As access to published materials becomes more readily available, the ability to plagiarise material, deliberately or unwittingly has become easier than ever. This article explores important recent decisions in Australia and the United Kingdom regarding registered health practitioners who have engaged in plagiarism, both related and unrelated to their clinical practice, and explores the ways in which regulatory authorities in these countries have viewed scholarly misconduct committed by registered health professionals. This article also examines the implications of plagiarism for the registered health professions, and makes suggestions for strategies to reduce its influence and incidence in modern clinical practice.

  20. National Register of research projects, 1986/1987: Part 3, Human sciences: Social sciences. Nasionale Register van navorsingsprojekte, 1986/1987: Deel III, Geesteswetenskappe: Sosiale wetenskappe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-08-01

    This Register is intended to serve as a source of information on research which is being conducted in all fields (both natural and human sciences) in the Republic of South Africa. New and current research projects that were commenced or modified during 1986--1987, on which information was received by the compilers until January 1988, are included, with the exception of confidential projects.

  1. Knowledge of sociology of development applied to nursing practice by registered nurses in public training hospitals in Namibia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katriina Kuna I. Shikongo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nurses trained at the University of Namibia are exposed to social studies on basis of the fact that their career or profession is also social of nature. It was found to be a necessity to derive knowledge from social sciences one of which is Sociology of Development. The nurses in their endeavors to care for their patients and attend to their clients act in the sphere of development taking place in the society which affects their own functions and behaviors as well as those of their patients. Aim: The aim was to determine and describe how the nurses integrate and transfer knowledge from Sociology of development to their clinical practice. Method: A quantitative design employed with the questionnaire as tool for collecting data. A statistical descriptive analysis testing the relationship between the personal/biographical data, as independent variables, and specific answers on issues of development as dependent variables was used. The responses were based on an ordinal scale of 1 – 5, with 1= not at all, and 5 = to a large extent, while the cross at 3 indicated that the specific item is practical. Result: The results have indicated no statistical significant differences in most of these variables but with general trends on some of the cases like the extent to which registered nurses give assistance to women deprived of their rights, empowerment of women in the community and observation of women subjected to domestic violence. The average score between the two groups on the dependent variables have also reflected a trend of being less than 3 (¯x < 3.00 on the five point scale. Conclusion: The results indicated that registered nurses differ with regard to the extent to which they relate knowledge from Sociology of Development to nursing practice and their reflection of knowledge is in those three items below the expected average of being considered as making impacts. Keywords: Integration; Knowledge; Nursing Practice; Reflection

  2. Sex- and Age-Specific Incidence of Healthcare-Register-Recorded Eating Disorders in the Complete Swedish 1979–2001 Birth Cohort

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javaras, Kristin N.; Runfola, Cristin D.; Thornton, Laura M.; Agerbo, Esben; Birgegård, Andreas; Norring, Claes; Yao, Shuyang; Råstam, Maria; Larsson, Henrik; Lichtenstein, Paul; Bulik, Cynthia M.

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the sex- and age-specific incidence of healthcare-register-recorded anorexia nervosa (AN) and other eating disorders (OED) in a complete birth cohort, and assess whether incidence varies by diagnostic period and (sub-) birth cohort. Method We used the actuarial method and Poisson models to examine the incidence of AN and OED from 1987–2009 (when individuals were 8–30 years) for a cohort of 2.3 million individuals (48.7% female) born from 1979–2001 in Sweden, identified using Swedish registers. Results For both sexes, incidences of AN and OED increased considerably for diagnostic periods after 2000, but differed little by birth cohort. In 2009, AN incidence in the peak age category was 205.9 cases/100,000 persons (95% CI: 178.2, 233.5) for females (14–15 years), versus 12.8 cases/100,000 (95% CI: 5.6, 20.1) for males (12–13 years). OED incidence in the peak age category was 372.1 cases/100,000 (95% CI: 336.4, 407.9) for females (16–17 years), versus 22.2 cases/100,000 (95% CI: 13.3, 31.1) for males (14–15 years). Discussion Our finding of an increase in healthcare register-recorded eating disorders for diagnostic periods after 2000 likely reflects improved detection and expanded register coverage in Sweden. The peak of eating disorder incidence in adolescence, which began unexpectedly early for AN in males, suggests the importance of vigilance for signs of AN in young boys and early primary prevention efforts. Waiting until later could miss critical windows for intervention that could prevent disorders from taking root. PMID:26769444

  3. Application of the 2012 Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics classification criteria to patients in a regional Swedish systemic lupus erythematosus register

    OpenAIRE

    Ighe, Anna; Dahlström, Örjan; Skogh, Thomas; Sjöwall, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    Introduction In 2012, the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) network presented a new set of criteria (SLICC-12) to classify systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The present study is the first to evaluate the performance of SLICC-12 in an adult European study population. Thus, SLICC-12 criteria were applied to confirmed SLE cases in our regional SLE register as well as to individuals with a fair suspicion of systemic autoimmune disease who were referred to rheumatology s...

  4. Legal-Ease:Total Investment Capital & Registered Capital Allocations in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    With the Chinese Government, on a regional basis, specifying “minimum amounts” for registered capital contributions in order to establish foreign-invested enterprises in China, and with a similar occurrence concerning total invested capital requirements,

  5. Loodav register aitab kergemini leida usaldusväärset lapsehoidjat / Karin Kangro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangro, Karin

    2004-01-01

    Eestis valmistatakse ette lapsehoidjate kutsestandardit ja aastal 2006 avatakse riiklik register, kuhu võivad oma andmed kanda kõik kutseeksami sooritanud lapsehoidjad. Lisa: Tausta peaks põhjalikult uurima

  6. 21 CFR 607.20 - Who must register and submit a blood product list.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... shall register and submit a list of every blood product in commercial distribution (except that... interstate commerce. (b) Preparatory to engaging in the manufacture of blood products, owners or operators...

  7. Electronic Chronic Disease Registers Based on Accreditation Standards for Family Medicine Teams

    OpenAIRE

    Valjevac, Salih; Ridjanovic, Zoran; Masic, Izet

    2009-01-01

    CONFLICT OF INTEREST: NONE DECLARED SUMMARY Agency for Quality and Accreditation of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AKAZ) has developed computer based chronic disease register based on the accreditation standards in order to facilitate maintenance of chronic disease registers in the absence of electronic health records, and to speed up and simplify calculation for over 70 clinical indicators from accreditation standards for family medicine teams. This article presents development of the...

  8. Information storage at the molecular level - The design of a molecular shift register memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beratan, David N.; Onuchic, Jose Nelson; Hopfield, J. J.

    1989-01-01

    The control of electron transfer rates is discussed and a molecular shift register memory at the molecular level is described. The memory elements are made up of molecules which can exist in either an oxidized or reduced state and the bits can be shifted between the cells with photoinduced electron transfer reactions. The device integrates designed molecules onto a VLSI substrate. A control structure to modify the flow of information along a shift register is indicated schematically.

  9. ORGAN DONATION AND TRANSPLANTATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN 2013 6th report of National Register

    OpenAIRE

    S. V. Gautier; Y. G. Moysyuk; S. M. Khomyakov

    2014-01-01

    Aim. To carry out monitoring of the state and prospects of the development of organ donation and transplantation in the Russian Federation according to 2013. Materials and methods. Questioning of heads of all the centers of transplantation is carried out. The comparative analysis of the obtained data in dynamics of years, between certain regions of the Russian Federation, the transplantation centers, and also with data of the international registers is made. Results. According to the register...

  10. ORGAN DONATION AND TRANSPLANTATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN 2014 7th REPORT OF NATIONAL REGISTER

    OpenAIRE

    S. V. Gautier; Ya. G. Moysyuk; S. M. Khomyakov

    2015-01-01

    Aim. To carry out monitoring of the organization and development of organ donation and transplantation in the Russian Federation according to 2014. Materials and methods. Questioning of heads of all the centers of transplantation is carried out. The comparative analysis of the obtained data in dynamics of years, between certain regions of the Russian Federation, the transplantation centers, and also with data of the international registers is made. Results. According to the Register in 2014 i...

  11. Reflective practice programme for registered nurses in training hospitals in Windhoek

    OpenAIRE

    Lucia N. Nelumbu

    2015-01-01

    Problems or incidents occurring in clinical settings are often seen as indicators of poor nursing care and even indicators of a lack of reflective practice skills. A qualitative, explorative, phenomenological, descriptive and contextual approach was conducted to explore and describe how reflective practice is practised by registered nurses in training hospitals in Windhoek. The findings revealed inadequate knowledge of reflective practice among registered nurses. Based on these findings the e...

  12. Human striatum is differentially activated by delayed, omitted, and immediate registering feedback

    OpenAIRE

    Kohrs, Christin; Angenstein, Nicole; Scheich, Henning; Brechmann, André

    2012-01-01

    The temporal contingency of feedback during conversations is an essential requirement of a successful dialog. In the current study, we investigated the effects of delayed and omitted registering feedback on fMRI activation and compared both unexpected conditions to immediate feedback. In the majority of trials of an auditory task, participants received an immediate visual feedback which merely indicated that a button press was registered but not whether the response was correct or not. In a m...

  13. Shift Register Clock Rate Effects on Coincidence Collection 50MHz versus 4MHz Comparison Tests

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Newell, Matthew R. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Bourret, Steven C. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Swinhoe, Martyn Thomas [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-11-03

    The following report identifies and quantifies the timing differences between the older slower Shift Register Coincidence/Multiplicity modules and today’s modern higher speed devices. Modern high speed Shift Register Coincidence/Multiplicity instruments employ high speed internal clocks that run at frequencies more than ten times the older units, typically 50MHz. These higher speed clocks allow for a finer time resolution when recording input pulses.

  14. Cancer incidence and adverse pregnancy outcome in registered nurses potentially exposed to antineoplastic drugs

    OpenAIRE

    Le Nhu D; Teschke Kay; Chow Yat; Lorenzi Maria; Beking Kris; Spinelli John J; Ratner Pamela A; Gallagher Richard P; Dimich-Ward Helen

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background To determine the relationships of potential occupational exposure to antineoplastic drugs with cancer incidence and adverse pregnancy outcomes in a historical prospective cohort study of female registered nurses (RNs) from British Columbia, Canada (BC). Methods Female RNs registered with a professional regulatory body for at least one year between 1974 and 2000 formed the cohort (n = 56,213). The identifier file was linked to Canadian cancer registries. An RN offspring coh...

  15. Algorithm linking patients and general practices in Denmark using the Danish National Health Service Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaersgaard, Maiken Ina Siegismund; Vedsted, Peter; Parner, Erik Thorlund;

    2016-01-01

    the performance of an algorithm linking individual patients to their general practice by using information from the Danish National Health Service Register and the Danish Civil Registration System. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Health Service Register contains information on all services provided by general...... and general practices. The algorithm performs better in subgroups of patients with high health care needs. The algorithm constitutes a valuable tool for primary health care research....

  16. Same-sex partners in Hungary
    Cohabitation and registered partnership

    OpenAIRE

    Orsolya Szeibert-Erdős

    2008-01-01

    Same-sex partners cannot enter into marriage according to current Hungarian law. However, they can live together in unmarried cohabitation, which does have certain limited legal consequences for example in the field of civil law. In December 2007, the Hungarian Parliament approved the Act on Registered Partnership, which will enter into force in January 2009. Registered partnership, being a new institution in Hungarian Law, grants almost the all the rights of marriage to both same-sex and dif...

  17. Social Conditions for People With Down Syndrome: A Register-Based Cohort Study in Denmark

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Jin Liang; Obel, Carsten; Hasle, Henrik; Rasmussen, Sonja A.; Li, Jiong; Olsen, Jørn

    2014-01-01

    Today, most persons with Down syndrome (DS) survive into middle age, but information on their social conditions as adults is limited. We addressed this knowledge gap using data from national registers in Denmark. We identified a national cohort of 1,998 persons with DS who were born between 1968 and 2007 (1,852 with standard trisomy 21, 80 with Robertsonian translocations and 66 with mosaicism) using the Danish Cytogenetic Register. We followed this cohort from 1980 to 2007. Information on so...

  18. The Southern California Twin Register at the University of Southern California

    OpenAIRE

    Baker, Laura A.; Barton, Mafalda; Raine, Adrian

    2002-01-01

    The Southern California Twin Register is the result of an effort to recruit twins of all ages in the city of Los Angeles and surrounding areas. The register currently includes an ethnically diverse sample of more than 2600 twin pairs. The most recently recruited pairs have been drawn primarily from computerized records of enrollments in local public school districts, and are comparable in sex and ethnic distributions to the general public school population. An ongoing twin study of social and...

  19. The Southern California Twin Register at the University of Southern California: III

    OpenAIRE

    Baker, Laura A.; Tuvblad, Catherine; Wang, Pan; Gomez, Karina; Bezdjian, Serena; Niv, Sharon; Raine, Adrian

    2013-01-01

    The Southern California Twin Register at the University of Southern California (USC) was initiated in 1984 and continues to provide an important resource for studies investigating genetic and environmental influences on human behavior. This article provides an update on the current register and its potential for future twin studies using recruitment through school district databases and voter records. An overview is also provided for an ongoing longitudinal twin study investigating the develo...

  20. Harm to Others from Substance Use and Abuse: The Underused Potential in Nationwide Registers

    OpenAIRE

    Ingunn Olea Lund; Anne Bukten

    2015-01-01

    This article considers the potential in using nationwide registers to study harm to others from substance use and abuse. The advantages of using registry data include the opportunity to include the data on the entire population nationwide and continuously updated longitudinal datasets; they allow for studying small subpopulations and have little missing data. Personal identification numbers and family numbers enable linkage of data from different registers. Such datasets can include extensive...

  1. Educators' expectations of roles, employability and career pathways of registered and enrolled nurses in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacob, Elisabeth R; McKenna, Lisa; D'Amore, Angelo

    2016-01-01

    In Australia, like other countries, two levels of nurse are registered for entry to practice. Educational changes for second level nurses in Australia have led to questions regarding roles and career options. This paper reports on interviews with nursing course coordinators to examine educator expectations of roles and career pathways of registered and enrolled nurses. Coordinators of eight degree (registered) and diploma (enrolled) nursing programs were interviewed to determine their opinions on roles and careers that students were prepared for. Transcripts were thematically analysed. Educators reported similar graduate roles, although high acuity care was primarily the role of registered nurses. Career expectations differed with enrolled nurses having limited advancement opportunity, and registered nurses greater career options. Health organisations were unprepared to accommodate increased practice scope of enrolled nurses and limited work practice through policies stipulating who could perform procedures. Organisational health policies need to accommodate increased enrolled nurse skill base. Education of practising nurses is necessary regarding increased scope of enrolled nurse practice to ensure they are used to their full potential. Increasing patient acuity requires more registered nurses, as enrolled nurses are unprepared to care for complex or deteriorating patients. PMID:26143108

  2. Relation between perceived voice register and flow glottogram parameters in males.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salomão, Gláucia Laís; Sundberg, Johan

    2008-07-01

    The perception of modal and falsetto registers was analyzed in a material consisting of a total of 104 vowel sounds sung by 13 choir singers, 52 sung in modal register, and 52 in falsetto register. These vowel sounds were classified by 16 expert listeners in a forced choice test and the number of votes for modal was compared to the voice source parameters: (1) closed quotient (Q(closed)), (2) level difference between the two lowest source spectrum partials (H1-H2), (3) AC amplitude, (4) maximum flow declination rate (MFDR), and (5) normalized amplitude quotient (NAQ, AC amplitude/MFDR(*) fundamental frequency). Tones with a high value of Q(closed) and low values of H1-H2 and of NAQ were typically associated with high number of votes for modal register, and vice versa, Q(closed) showing the strongest correlation. Some singer subjects produced tones that could not be classified as either falsetto or modal register, suggesting that classification of registers is not always feasible. PMID:18646997

  3. The Viability and Constitutionality of the South African National Register for Sex Offenders: A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Mollema

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Section 42 of the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters Amendment Act 32 of 2007 established a National Register for Sex Offenders where the particulars of all offenders guilty of sexual transgressions against children or mentally-ill persons have to be included, regardless of whether they were found guilty before or after the coming into force of the Act. Although the purpose of the Act clearly is to protect and promote the constitutional rights of victims and society in general, it is apparent that the register may infringe on the rights of sexual offenders. The inclusion of the personal details of sex offenders in a register without their permission and sometimes without their knowledge amounts to a violation amongst other rights of the right to privacy stipulated in section 14 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996. In this article the constitutionality of the South African register will be examined by means of a comparative study with the United States and United Kingdom, where similar registers are already in place. This legislative assessment will also provide answers as to the viability of the South African register. It is argued that South Africa's sex offender registration system may not fulfil the function it was designed for because of misconceptions as well as serious implementation and administrative issues; and that alternative solutions may be more suitable in this regard.

  4. Subtype classification of Iranian HIV-1 sequences registered in the HIV databases, 2006-2013.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazem Baesi

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The rate of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1 infection in Iran has increased dramatically in the past few years. While the earliest cases were among hemophiliacs, injection drug users (IDUs fuel the current epidemic. Previous molecular epidemiological analysis found that subtype A was most common among IDUs but more recent studies suggest CRF_35AD may be more prevalent now. To gain a better understanding of the molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 infection in Iran, we analyzed all Iranian HIV sequence data from the Los Alamos National Laboratory. METHODS: All Iranian HIV sequences from subtyping studies with pol, gag, env and full-length HIV-1 genome sequences registered in the HIV databases (www.hiv.lanl.gov between 2006 and 2013 were downloaded. Phylogenetic trees of each region were constructed using Neighbor-Joining (NJ and Maximum Parsimony methods. RESULTS: A total of 475 HIV sequences were analyzed. Overall, 78% of sequences were CRF_35AD. By gene region, CRF_35AD comprised 83% of HIV-1 pol, 62% of env, 78% of gag, and 90% of full-length genome sequences analyzed. There were 240 sequences re-categorized as CRF_AD. The proportion of CRF_35AD sequences categorized by the present study is nearly double the proportion of what had been reported. CONCLUSIONS: Phylogenetic analysis indicates HIV-1 subtype CRF_35AD is the predominant circulating strain in Iran. This result differed from previous studies that reported subtype A as most prevalent in HIV- infected patients but confirmed other studies which reported CRF_35AD as predominant among IDUs. The observed epidemiological connection between HIV strains circulating in Iran and Afghanistan may be due to drug trafficking and/or immigration between the two countries. This finding suggests the possible origins and transmission dynamics of HIV/AIDS within Iran and provides useful information for designing control and intervention strategies.

  5. Ups and downs of space tourism development in 60 years from moon register to spaceshiptwo CRASH

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Yi-Wei; Chern, Jeng-Shing

    2016-10-01

    In human imagination, dreams and expectations, the sequence of "space tourism" has most likely been Moon tourism, Earth orbital tourism and then suborbital tourism. But the sequence in actual development is the reverse: first Earth suborbital tourism, then orbital tourism, and finally Moon tourism. In 1954, three years before the successful launch of the first human artificial satellite, the world's oldest travel company, Thomas Cook in Britain, initiated the "Moon Register." Enthusiasts could sign an option for a commercial trip to the Moon and the company guaranteed to provide tickets at the earliest possible date. Sixty years later on 31st October 2014, the first SpaceShip Two (SS2) of Virgin Galactic developed for commercial suborbital space tourism (SST) and scientific research crashed at the Mojave Desert in California during test flight. Although the first privately paid space tourist had traveled to the International Space Station in 2001, this was only for millionaires and not the general public. In 2004, although SpaceShipOne won the Ansari X prize and shed the first light on SST, the commercial SST operations originally planned to be realized in 2008 are now long overdue. The SS2 has been just one of the reusable suborbital launch vehicles developed for SST and other purposes, with others including the Lynx, Spaceplane and Dream Chaser. However a tragedy in which the SS2 crashed and caused the sacrifice of one senior test pilot alerted tourists that the long overdue of SST might still be a few years away. The purposes of this paper are to review and discuss the ups and downs of space tourism development in the 60 years from 1954 to 2014, and to look forward to get more clear future from the unveiling of second SS2 on 19th February 2016 and the continuous development of Lynx Mark I. However in any case, there are still many constraints including economy.

  6. Retrospective Comparative Study of Obstetric complications and Maternal Mortality in Registered and Unregistered women at Tertiary Care Hospital.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kruti Deliwala

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: At tertiary care hospital, many women with obstetric complications are referred not only from private clinics/hospitals, but also from nearby primary health centers and urban health centers. There are women who come for delivery, who have not taken any ante natal care (ANC. Complication can arise at any time during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period and in absence of intervention, there is a high feto-maternal morbidity and mortality. With every maternal death there are many life threatening complications known as ‘maternal near miss’.Objectives: 1.To analyze causes of referrals of unregistered patients coming to our institute.2.To analyze pregnancy outcomes, Obstetric complications and maternal mortality in registered and unregistered women coming to our institute. 3.To analyze near miss cases and to analyze causes of maternal mortality and reasons of delay. Methods:This retrospective comparative study was conducted after due permission from the Scientific Advisory Committee and Institutional Ethics Committee of Sheth V S Medical Research Foundation Trust and data was collected as per pre-tested structured proforma from December 2009 to February 2010. Analysis of 1171 patients was done. Results: Out of total 1171 women included in the study, 952 (81.2 % were registered and 219 (18.7% were unregistered women. Proportion of unregistered women who had less than 3 ante natal visits 109 (49.7% was significantly higher compared to registered women 95 (9.9% (x2 = 195.97; P<0.0001. Severe anaemia was found to be significantly higher in unregistered women 18 (8.2% as compared to registered women 1 (0.1% (x2 = 68.442; P<0.0001. Transfusion of blood or other blood product was significantly higher in unregistered women 44 (20% compared to registered women 31 (3.2% (x2 = 84.177; P<0.0001 . Because of multi-disciplinary team approach at our institute, many women with complications in unregistered group could be saved (maternal near

  7. The European Register for Clinical Chemists. (European Communities Confederation of Clinical Chemistry, Working Group on Registration).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders, G T; Kelly, A M; Breuer, J; Kohse, K P; Mocarelli, P; Sachs, C

    1997-10-01

    To ensure freedom of movement in the European Union, a limited number of professions is regulated by a so-called Sectorial Directive; all other disciplines, including clinical chemistry, fall under a General Directive. However, clinical chemists in the EU wish their specialty to be more specifically regulated; this means that common standards of education, training, experience and compliance with continuing professional developments must be guaranteed. Therefore, the European Communities Confederation of Clinical Chemistry (EC4) is about to implement the European Register for clinical chemists, and has composed a guide to this Register. The document describes the conditions for entry to specialty training, the minimum standards for registration (university education and postgraduate vocational training with a minimum total of eight years), the competencies of those qualifying for registration, and the operation of the register. Registration guarantees professional and managerial competencies; the title conferred is "European Clinical Chemist". EC4 recognises the existing national registers as far as they are based on the minimal requirements as indicated. An EC4 Register Commission (EC4RC) will maintain and control the European Register, supported by National Clinical Chemistry Registration Committees (NCCRC). An NCCRC controls the quality of the education in each country and assesses candidates. An individual (EU citizen or non-EU citizen trained in an EU country) applies privately for the European Register to EC4RC and, where applicable, the application is accompanied by a document from the NCCRC of the country of registration, stating that the applicant has the necessary qualifications. For EU citizens trained outside the EU the final decision is with EC4RC; non-EU citizens not trained in an EU country are not eligible for registration. Registration is renewed once every five years. PMID:9368800

  8. Transfer of the registered office The European Commission’s decision not to submit a proposal for a Directive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gert-Jan Vossestein

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Rather unexpectedly, the process for the adoption of the Fourteenth Company Law Directive on the cross-border transfer of the registered office was recently suspended. This paper discusses the Commission's change in policy. The author examines the Community's competence to adopt a Directive on seat transfer as well as the position of the European Parliament with regard to such a directive. The Commission's reasons for not submitting a proposal for the directive are part of the elaboration. An examination of the economic benefits of the Fourteenth Directive also follows. The Cartesio case, currently pending before the European Court of Justice, is analysed in this respect. The author concludes that the motivation the Commission provides for not submitting a proposal for a fourteenth Directive is not convincing and he states that a Directive on seat transfer should be adopted after all.

  9. 17 CFR 274.130 - Form N-Q, quarterly schedule of portfolio holdings of registered management investment company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of portfolio holdings of registered management investment company. 274.130 Section 274.130 Commodity... INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940 Forms for Reports § 274.130 Form N-Q, quarterly schedule of portfolio holdings of registered management investment company. This form shall be used by registered...

  10. 17 CFR 249.332 - Form N-Q, quarterly schedule of portfolio holdings of registered management investment company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of portfolio holdings of registered management investment company. 249.332 Section 249.332 Commodity... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 § 249.332 Form N-Q, quarterly schedule of portfolio holdings of registered management investment company. This form shall be used by registered management investment companies,...

  11. 75 FR 8101 - 30-Day Federal Register Notice of Intention To Request Clearance of Collection of Information...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ... Register on Wednesday, November 4, 2009 (74 FR 57188). The comment period closed on January 4, 2010. No... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service 30-Day Federal Register Notice of Intention To Request Clearance of Collection...

  12. Factors that influence Greeks' decision to register as potential bone marrow donors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galanis, P A; Sparos, L D; Katostaras, T; Velonakis, E; Kalokerinou, A

    2008-06-01

    Hemopoietic stem cells can be used from bone marrow or blood or umbilical cord blood of matched siblings or appropriately matched unrelated volunteers. Today, large bone marrow registries have been established to help identify volunteer unrelated bone marrow donors for patients lacking a family donor. Despite there being almost 10 million registered potential bone marrow donors (PBMD) worldwide, only 50% of white patients have a suitable bone marrow match. Growth in the number of PBMD increases the likelihood of finding a compatible donor for a patient. The attitudes and knowledge of 250 registered PBMD and 315 not registered PBMD toward bone marrow donation, tissues and organs donation, and blood donation were surveyed, using a questionnaire with 27 items. Multivariate logistic regression identified gender (females more often than males), regular blood donation, having a relative or a friend who has already been registered as PBMD, having a relative or a friend who needs bone marrow transplantation, family discussion about tissue and organ donation, knowledge about bone marrow transplantation, information about bone marrow transplantation, and trust in health professionals were independent predictive factors influencing people's decision to register as PBMD. Knowledge of these factors is important to target recruitment efforts.

  13. A Low Power VITERBI Decoder Design With Minimum Transition Hybrid Register Exchange Processing For Wireless Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. L. Haridas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This work proposes the low power implementation of Viterbi Decoder. Majority of viterbi decoder designs in the past use simple Register Exchange or Traceback method to achieve very high speed and low power decoding respectively, but it suffers from both complex routing and high switching activity.Here simplification is made in survivor memory unit by storing only m-1 bits to identify previous state in the survivor path, and by assigning m-1 registers to decision vectors. This approach eliminates unnecessary shift operations. Also for storing the decoded data only half memory is required than register exchange method. In this paper Hybrid approach that combines both Traceback and Register Exchange schemes has been applied to the viterbi decoder design. By using distance properties of encoder we further modified to minimum transition hybrid register exchange method. It leads to lower dynamic power consumption because of lower switching activity. Dynamic power estimation obtained through gate level simulation indicates that the proposed design reduces the power dissipation of a conventional viterbi decoder design by 30%.

  14. A Low Power VITERBI Decoder Design With Minimum Transition Hybrid Register Exchange Processing For Wireless Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. L. Haridas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This work proposes the low power implementation of Viterbi Decoder. Majority of viterbi decoder designs in the past use simple Register Exchange or Trace back method to achieve very high speed and low power decoding respectively, but it suffers from both complex routing and high switching activity.Here simplification is made in survivor memory unit by storing only m-1 bits to identify previous state in the survivor path, and by assigning m-1 registers to decision vectors. This approach eliminates unnecessary shift operations. Also for storing the decoded data only half memory is required than register exchange method. In this paper Hybrid approach that combines both Trace back and Register Exchange schemes has been applied to the viterbi decoder design. By using distance properties of encoder we further modified to minimum transition hybrid register exchange method. It leads to lower dynamic power consumption because of lower switching activity. Dynamic power estimation obtained through gate level simulation indicates that the proposed design reduces the power dissipation of a conventional viterbi decoder design by 30%.

  15. Entangling qubit registers via many-body states of ultracold atoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melko, R. G.; Herdman, C. M.; Iouchtchenko, D.; Roy, P.-N.; Del Maestro, A.

    2016-04-01

    Inspired by the experimental measurement of the Rényi entanglement entropy in a lattice of ultracold atoms by Islam et al. [Nature (London) 528, 77 (2015), 10.1038/nature15750], we propose a method to entangle two spatially separated qubits using the quantum many-body state as a resource. Through local operations accessible in an experiment, entanglement is transferred to a qubit register from atoms at the ends of a one-dimensional chain. We compute the operational entanglement, which bounds the entanglement physically transferable from the many-body resource to the register, and discuss a protocol for its experimental measurement. Finally, we explore measures for the amount of entanglement available in the register after transfer, suitable for use in quantum information applications.

  16. Misclassification and the use of register-based indicators for depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thielen, K; Nygaard, E; Andersen, I;

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To study the degree to which depression indicators based on register data on hospital and antidepressant treatment suffer from differential misclassification with respect to gender, age and social group. METHOD: Data on 7378 persons were obtained by linking a cross-sectional survey of...... Danish adults aged 40 and 50 years with population-based registers. Misclassification was analysed by comparing survey data to register data on major depression using the method proposed by Rothman and Greenland. RESULTS: Differential misclassification was found. Adjustment for misclassification reduced...... women's odds ratios from 2.18 to 1.00 for hospital treatment and from 1.70 to 1.10 for antidepressants. For the lower social group, the corresponding odds ratios increased from 1.18 to 3.52, and from 1.35 to 2.32 respectively, whereas odds ratios with respect to age remained almost unchanged. CONCLUSION...

  17. A cluster randomised trial introducing rapid diagnostic tests into registered drug shops in Uganda

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mbonye, Anthony K; Magnussen, Pascal; Lal, Sham;

    2015-01-01

    the impact of introducing rapid diagnostic tests for malaria (mRDTs) in registered drug shops in Uganda, with the aim to increase appropriate treatment of malaria with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in patients seeking treatment for fever in drug shops. METHODS: A cluster-randomized trial...... adhered to the mRDT results, reducing over-treatment of malaria by 72·6% (95% CI: 46·7- 98·4), pDiagnostic testing with mRDTs compared to presumptive treatment of fevers implemented in registered drug shops...... of introducing mRDTs in registered drug shops was implemented in 20 geographical clusters of drug shops in Mukono district, central Uganda. Ten clusters were randomly allocated to the intervention (diagnostic confirmation of malaria by mRDT followed by ACT) and ten clusters to the control arm (presumptive...

  18. Vocal registers of the countertenor voice: Based on signals recorded and analyzed in VoceVista

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chenez, Raymond

    Today's countertenors possess vocal ranges similar to the mezzo-soprano, and are trained to sing with a vibrant, focused tone. Little research has been conducted on the registers of the countertenor voice. Advancement in vocal techniques in the countertenor voice from the late 20th century to the present has been rapid. This treatise attempts to define the registers of the countertenor voice, and is intended as a resource for singers and teachers. The voices of eleven North American countertenors were recorded and analyzed using VoceVista Pro software, which was developed and designed by Donald Miller. Through spectrographic and electroglottographic analysis, the registers of the countertenor voice were identified and outlined.

  19. Agreement between public register and adjudication committee outcome in a cardiovascular randomized clinical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjøller, Erik; Hilden, Jørgen; Winkel, Per;

    2014-01-01

    UNLABELLED: The objective of this study is to describe the agreement between randomized trial outcome assessment by committee and outcomes entirely identified through public registers. METHODS: In the CLARICOR trial, 4,372 patients with stable coronary heart disease received a short course...... of clarithromycin versus placebo and were followed up for 2.6 years. The pertinent hospital records and death certificates had originally been evaluated by the adjudication committee using common definitions of outcomes mapped into a 6-category list. We now mechanically converted the International Classification...... of Diseases-coded diagnoses of the public registries into the same categories. After cross-tabulation of the committee diagnoses with National Patient Register diagnoses and Register of Causes of Death, we calculate agreement and compare the estimated intervention effects of the 2 data sets. RESULTS...

  20. Pulsed laser deposition of antimicrobial silver coating on Ormocer (registered) microneedles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gittard, S D; Narayan, R J; Jin, C; Monteiro-Riviere, N A [Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 (United States); Ovsianikov, A; Chichkov, B N [Laser Zentrum Hannover, Hollerithallee 8, 30419 Hannover (Germany); Stafslien, S; Chisholm, B, E-mail: roger_narayan@msn.co [Center for Nanoscale Science and Engineering, North Dakota State University, 1805 Research Park Drive, Fargo, ND 58102 (United States)

    2009-12-15

    One promising option for transdermal delivery of protein- and nucleic acid-based pharmacologic agents involves the use of microneedles. However, microneedle-generated pores may allow microorganisms to penetrate the stratum corneum layer of the epidermis and cause local or systemic infection. In this study, microneedles with antimicrobial functionality were fabricated using two-photon polymerization-micromolding and pulsed laser deposition. The antibacterial activity of the silver-coated organically modified ceramic (Ormocer (registered) ) microneedles was demonstrated using an agar diffusion assay. Human epidermal keratinocyte viability on the Ormocer (registered) surfaces coated with silver was similar to that on uncoated Ormocer (registered) surfaces. This study indicates that coating microneedles with silver thin films using pulsed laser deposition is a useful and novel approach for creating microneedles with antimicrobial functionality. (communication)

  1. Occupational stress, sense of coherence, coping, burnout and work engagement of registered nurses in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna J. van der Colff

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the occupational stress, sense of coherence, coping, burnout and work engagement of registered nurses in South Africa. A cross-sectional survey design was used. The study population consisted of 818 registered nurses. The Nursing Stress Inventory, the Orientation to Life Questionnaire, the COPE, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey, and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale were administered. The results show that the experience of depletion of emotional resources and feelings of depersonalisation by registered nurses were associated with stress due to job demands and a lack of organisational support, focus on and ventilation of emotions as a coping strategy, and a weak sense of coherence. Work engagement was predicted by a strong sense of coherence and approach-coping strategies.

  2. High-resolution single photon planar and spect imaging of brain and neck employing a system of two co-registered opposed gamma imaging heads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majewski, Stanislaw; Proffitt, James

    2011-12-06

    A compact, mobile, dedicated SPECT brain imager that can be easily moved to the patient to provide in-situ imaging, especially when the patient cannot be moved to the Nuclear Medicine imaging center. As a result of the widespread availability of single photon labeled biomarkers, the SPECT brain imager can be used in many locations, including remote locations away from medical centers. The SPECT imager improves the detection of gamma emission from the patient's head and neck area with a large field of view. Two identical lightweight gamma imaging detector heads are mounted to a rotating gantry and precisely mechanically co-registered to each other at 180 degrees. A unique imaging algorithm combines the co-registered images from the detector heads and provides several SPECT tomographic reconstructions of the imaged object thereby improving the diagnostic quality especially in the case of imaging requiring higher spatial resolution and sensitivity at the same time.

  3. Assessment of sites concerning radioactive contamination during preparation of a Contamination Site Register; Bewertung der radiologischen Altlastenrelevanz von gewerblichen und industriellen Standorten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gellermann, Rainer [Nuclear Control and Consulting GmbH, Braunschweig (Germany); Flesch, Klaus [Saechsisches Landesamt fuer Umwelt, Landwirtschaft und Geologie (LfULG), Dresden (Germany)

    2014-07-01

    Experience gained since 1990 in the new, but also old German Federal States has shown that there are radioactive contaminated sites beside the legacies of uranium mining in Germany which caused exposures exceeding the radiation protection limits for members of the public. The reason for this situation is that radioactivity has been excluded in the compilation of the register for potentially hazardous sites that are prepared routinely in the context of soil protection assessments. Moreover, the information contained in these registers is not yet evaluated regarding aspects of radioactivity. In many cases, the information existing at the soil protection authorities needs only to be additionally filtered in order to identify potentially hazardous sites for radioactive contamination. For that reason, the working group ''Natural radioactivity'' (AKNAT) of the German-Swiss Radiation Protection Association developed a specific catalogue of business branches that provides indications for radioactive legacies.

  4. a Discussion about Effective Ways of Basic Resident Register on GIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oku, Naoya; Nonaka, Yasuaki; Ito, Yutaka

    2016-06-01

    In Japan, each municipality keeps a database of every resident's name, address, gender and date of birth called the Basic Resident Register. If the address information in the register is converted into coordinates by geocoding, it can be plotted as point data on a map. This would enable prompt evacuation from disaster, analysis of distribution of residents, integrating statistics and so on. Further, it can be used for not only analysis of the current situation but also future planning. However, the geographic information system (GIS) incorporating the Basic Resident Register is not widely used in Japan because of the following problems: - Geocoding In order to plot address point data, it is necessary to match the Basic Resident Register and the address dictionary by using the address as a key. The information in the Basic Resident Register does not always match the actual addresses. As the register is based on applications made by residents, the information is prone to errors, such as incorrect Kanji characters. - Security policy on personal information In the register, the address of a resident is linked with his/her name and date of birth. If the information in the Basic Resident Register were to be leaked, it could be used for malicious purposes. This paper proposes solutions to the above problems. The suitable solutions for the problems depend on the purpose of use, thus it is important that the purpose should be defined and a suitable way of the application for each purpose should be chosen. In this paper, we mainly focus on the specific purpose of use: to analyse the distribution of the residents. We provide two solutions to improve the matching rate in geocoding. First, regarding errors in Kanji characters, a correction list of possible errors should be compiled in advance. Second, some sort of analyses such as distribution of residents may not require exactly correct position for the address point. Therefore we set the matching level in order: prefecture

  5. Adjustment for misclassification in studies of familial aggregation of disease using routine register data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Elisabeth Anne Wreford; Andersen, Per Kragh

    2002-01-01

    in the child including the disease status of the parents as a risk factor. If all the information is found in the routine registers then the disease status of the parents is only known from the time when the register started and if this information is used unquestioningly the parents who have had the disease...... before this time are misclassified as disease-free. Two methods are presented to adjust for this misclassification: regression calibration and an EM-type algorithm. These methods are used in the schizophrenia example where the large effect of having a schizophrenic mother hardly shows any signs of bias...

  6. A register-based study of the antimicrobial usage in Danish veal calves and young bulls

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Mette Ely; Toft, Nils; Martin, Henrik Læssøe;

    2016-01-01

    High antimicrobial usage and multidrug resistance have been reported in veal calves in Europe. This may be attributed to a high risk of disease as veal calves are often purchased from numerous dairy herds, exposed to stress related to the transport and commingling of new animals, and fed a new...... ration. In this study, we used national register data to characterize the use of antimicrobials registered for large Danish veal calf and young bull producing herds in 2014. A total of 325 herds with veal calf and potentially young bull production were identified from the Danish Cattle database...

  7. Micropatterning of Functional Conductive Polymers with Multiple Surface Chemistries in Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lind, Johan Ulrik; Acikgöz, Canet; Daugaard, Anders Egede;

    2012-01-01

    A versatile procedure is presented for fast and efficient micropatterning of multiple types of covalently bound surface chemistry in perfect register on and between conductive polymer microcircuits. The micropatterning principle is applied to several types of native and functionalized PEDOT (poly...... functionalized conjugated polymer systems.......A versatile procedure is presented for fast and efficient micropatterning of multiple types of covalently bound surface chemistry in perfect register on and between conductive polymer microcircuits. The micropatterning principle is applied to several types of native and functionalized PEDOT (poly(3...

  8. Corpus Analysis and Register Variation: a field in need of an update

    OpenAIRE

    Giménez Moreno, Rosa; Skorczynska Sznajder, Hanna Teresa

    2013-01-01

    As an Open Access publication the Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences is published under Creative Commons license: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) This study reviews the development of research on register variation (RV) over the last century to the present, emphasizing the influence of corpus analyses on its greatest advances and also on its major weaknesses and ambiguities. In search of practical and useful methods to analyse language registers, in t...

  9. THE CAPABILITIES OF A REGISTER AS A QUALITY CONTROL OF THE PHARMACOTHERAPY IN OUTPATIENTS AT HIGH RISK OF CARDIOVASCULAR COMPLICATIONS (THE "LIS-1" REGISTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. L. Ginzburg

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To evaluate the frequency of the prescription of cardiovascular drugs in patients before the reference acute myocardial infarction (AMI based on the register "LIS-1" (Lubertsy mortality study of patients after myocardial infarction.Material and methods. Stage 1: development of the Register of patients with AMI admitted to cardiology departments of hospitals in Luberets district, Moscow region (2005-2007 and discharged for outpatient treatment. Median follow-up – 1.6 years (1.0, 2.4. The primary endpoint – total mortality. Stage 2: the continuation of register "LIS-1" (2011-2012.Results.1133 patients (mean age of men 60.1±0.5, women – 71.4±0.4 years were included in the 1st stage of the study; 172 (15.2% died in the hospital. Before the reference hospitalization 21.4% of patients had been receiving b-blockers, 35.3% - renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS inhibitors, 15.7% - antiplatelet agents, 1.9% - statins, 13% of patients - diuretics. Statistically significant (adjusted for sex and age positive impact on hospital mortality reduction had a treatment with b-blockers [OR=0.542, CI=0.357-0.824, p=0.004] and RAAS inhibitors [OR=0.710; CI=0.512-0.986, p=0.040] prior to the development of acute myocardial infarction. As the number of patients receiving statins and antiplatelet agents was small, the contribution these drugs intake on hospital mortality was not identified. 272 patients (mean age 63.6±12.6 years were included on the second phase of the study. The information about the received therapy before reference hospitalization was reported by 173 patients: 39% of patients used b-blockers, 47% - RAAS inhibitors, 37% - antiplatelet agents, 15% - statins, 15% of patients - diuretics. Positive changes in the frequency of the prescription of essential drugs were observed in 5 years: a significant increase in number of patients with b-blockers (p<0.001, RAAS inhibitors (p<0.01, antiplatelet agents (p<0.05 and statins (p<0.001. The

  10. THE CAPABILITIES OF A REGISTER AS A QUALITY CONTROL OF THE PHARMACOTHERAPY IN OUTPATIENTS AT HIGH RISK OF CARDIOVASCULAR COMPLICATIONS (THE "LIS-1" REGISTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. L. Ginzburg

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To evaluate the frequency of the prescription of cardiovascular drugs in patients before the reference acute myocardial infarction (AMI based on the register "LIS-1" (Lubertsy mortality study of patients after myocardial infarction.Material and methods. Stage 1: development of the Register of patients with AMI admitted to cardiology departments of hospitals in Luberets district, Moscow region (2005-2007 and discharged for outpatient treatment. Median follow-up – 1.6 years (1.0, 2.4. The primary endpoint – total mortality. Stage 2: the continuation of register "LIS-1" (2011-2012.Results.1133 patients (mean age of men 60.1±0.5, women – 71.4±0.4 years were included in the 1st stage of the study; 172 (15.2% died in the hospital. Before the reference hospitalization 21.4% of patients had been receiving b-blockers, 35.3% - renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS inhibitors, 15.7% - antiplatelet agents, 1.9% - statins, 13% of patients - diuretics. Statistically significant (adjusted for sex and age positive impact on hospital mortality reduction had a treatment with b-blockers [OR=0.542, CI=0.357-0.824, p=0.004] and RAAS inhibitors [OR=0.710; CI=0.512-0.986, p=0.040] prior to the development of acute myocardial infarction. As the number of patients receiving statins and antiplatelet agents was small, the contribution these drugs intake on hospital mortality was not identified. 272 patients (mean age 63.6±12.6 years were included on the second phase of the study. The information about the received therapy before reference hospitalization was reported by 173 patients: 39% of patients used b-blockers, 47% - RAAS inhibitors, 37% - antiplatelet agents, 15% - statins, 15% of patients - diuretics. Positive changes in the frequency of the prescription of essential drugs were observed in 5 years: a significant increase in number of patients with b-blockers (p<0.001, RAAS inhibitors (p<0.01, antiplatelet agents (p<0.05 and statins (p<0.001. The

  11. HYPOLIPIDEMIC THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE IN 2004-2010 ACCORDING TO THE PROGNOZ IBS REGISTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. N. Tolpygina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To evaluate the frequency of prescription, efficacy and patients adherence to statin therapy in a cohort of patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD, confirmed by coronary angiography data, during the period from 2004 to 2010 based on the data from the PROGNOZ IBS register.Material and methods. The PROGNOZ IBS register database was used in the study. The data of 550 patients from a cohort of patients with the confirmed IHD, who had undergone coronary angiography from 2004 to 2008 (303 of them were on the follow-up visit were included in the final analysis.Results. Low frequency of statins prescription in patients with stable IHD prior to hospitalization in 2004-2007 and a significant improvement of its quality during the stay in a specialized cardiology unit were revealed in the PROGNOZ IBS register. The frequency of statin prescription at discharge increased from 10% to 85.5% (in most cases original drugs were used, but the prescribed doses were usually inadequate. Target blood lipid levels were not achieved in the majority of patients. The level of low density cholesterol <2.5 mmol/L at discharge was present in 6.3% of the patients (the short period of hospitalization insufficient for the achievement of statins maximum effect should be taken into consideration. 67% of patients had good adherence to lipid-lowering therapy 3.9 years after the admission, however, the original drugs had been replaced by a variety of generics in most patients. The efficacy of the therapy was inadequate: the target levels of total cholesterol (<4.5 mmol/L and low density cholesterol (<2.5 mmol/L were achieved in 40% of patients, of low density cholesterol (<2.0 mmol/l - in 15.8%.Conclusion. Low frequency of statins prescription in patients with stable IHD before the admission to the hospital, its significant growth during the stay and its reduction after the discharge were revealed. The treatment efficacy was low at all stages of the observation. Patients

  12. HYPOLIPIDEMIC THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE IN 2004-2010 ACCORDING TO THE PROGNOZ IBS REGISTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. N. Tolpygina

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To evaluate the frequency of prescription, efficacy and patients adherence to statin therapy in a cohort of patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD, confirmed by coronary angiography data, during the period from 2004 to 2010 based on the data from the PROGNOZ IBS register.Material and methods. The PROGNOZ IBS register database was used in the study. The data of 550 patients from a cohort of patients with the confirmed IHD, who had undergone coronary angiography from 2004 to 2008 (303 of them were on the follow-up visit were included in the final analysis.Results. Low frequency of statins prescription in patients with stable IHD prior to hospitalization in 2004-2007 and a significant improvement of its quality during the stay in a specialized cardiology unit were revealed in the PROGNOZ IBS register. The frequency of statin prescription at discharge increased from 10% to 85.5% (in most cases original drugs were used, but the prescribed doses were usually inadequate. Target blood lipid levels were not achieved in the majority of patients. The level of low density cholesterol <2.5 mmol/L at discharge was present in 6.3% of the patients (the short period of hospitalization insufficient for the achievement of statins maximum effect should be taken into consideration. 67% of patients had good adherence to lipid-lowering therapy 3.9 years after the admission, however, the original drugs had been replaced by a variety of generics in most patients. The efficacy of the therapy was inadequate: the target levels of total cholesterol (<4.5 mmol/L and low density cholesterol (<2.5 mmol/L were achieved in 40% of patients, of low density cholesterol (<2.0 mmol/l - in 15.8%.Conclusion. Low frequency of statins prescription in patients with stable IHD before the admission to the hospital, its significant growth during the stay and its reduction after the discharge were revealed. The treatment efficacy was low at all stages of the observation. Patients

  13. Associations between stroke mortality and weekend working by stroke specialist physicians and registered nurses: prospective multicentre cohort study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin D Bray

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Observational studies have reported higher mortality for patients admitted on weekends. It is not known whether this "weekend effect" is modified by clinical staffing levels on weekends. We aimed to test the hypotheses that rounds by stroke specialist physicians 7 d per week and the ratio of registered nurses to beds on weekends are associated with mortality after stroke. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 103 stroke units (SUs in England. Data of 56,666 patients with stroke admitted between 1 June 2011 and 1 December 2012 were extracted from a national register of stroke care in England. SU characteristics and staffing levels were derived from cross-sectional survey. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs of 30-d post-admission mortality, adjusting for case mix, organisational, staffing, and care quality variables. After adjusting for confounders, there was no significant difference in mortality risk for patients admitted to a stroke service with stroke specialist physician rounds fewer than 7 d per week (adjusted HR [aHR] 1.04, 95% CI 0.91-1.18 compared to patients admitted to a service with rounds 7 d per week. There was a dose-response relationship between weekend nurse/bed ratios and mortality risk, with the highest risk of death observed in stroke services with the lowest nurse/bed ratios. In multivariable analysis, patients admitted on a weekend to a SU with 1.5 nurses/ten beds had an estimated adjusted 30-d mortality risk of 15.2% (aHR 1.18, 95% CI 1.07-1.29 compared to 11.2% for patients admitted to a unit with 3.0 nurses/ten beds (aHR 0.85, 95% CI 0.77-0.93, equivalent to one excess death per 25 admissions. The main limitation is the risk of confounding from unmeasured characteristics of stroke services. CONCLUSIONS: Mortality outcomes after stroke are associated with the intensity of weekend staffing by registered nurses but not 7-d/wk ward rounds by stroke

  14. Dynamic model of production enterprises based on accounting registers and its identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirazetdinov, R. T.; Samodurov, A. V.; Yenikeev, I. A.; Markov, D. S.

    2016-06-01

    The report focuses on the mathematical modeling of economic entities based on accounting registers. Developed the dynamic model of financial and economic activity of the enterprise as a system of differential equations. Created algorithms for identification of parameters of the dynamic model. Constructed and identified the model of Russian machine-building enterprises.

  15. Preparing Payroll Register, Employee Earnings' Records, and Paychecks. Student's Manual and Instructor's Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McElveen, Peggy C.

    Supporting performance objective 28 of the V-TECS (Vocational-Technical Education Consortium of States) Secretarial Catalog, both a set of student materials and an instructor's manual on preparing a payroll register, employee earnings' records, and paychecks are included in this packet, which is one in a series. The student materials include a…

  16. Performance evaluation of arterial femoral sheath removal by registered nurses after PCI.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schiks, I.E.J.M.; Schoonhoven, L.; Verheugt, F.W.A.; Aengevaeren, W.R.M.; Achterberg, T. van

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Sheath removal after PCI by registered nurses can improve patients' comfort and shorten immobilisation time. As sheath removal is not without risk, it is important to assure the quality of performance. AIMS: The aim was (a) to check if nurses' performance in 1999 and 2005 was in accordan

  17. A Survey of Registered Dietitians' Concern and Actions Regarding Climate Change in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Irana W; Balsam, Alan L; Goldman, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Dietary choices are a tool to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. While registered dietitians are on the front lines of food and nutrition recommendations, it is unclear how many are concerned with climate change and take action in practice in the United States. We explored concern about climate change among registered dietitians, and identified factors that may influence practice-related behaviors. Our study population included a random sample of all registered dietitians credentialed in the United States. Primary data were gathered using a cross-sectional survey. Of the 570 survey responses, 75% strongly agreed or agreed that climate change is an important issue while 34% strongly agreed or agreed that dietitians should play a major role in climate change mitigation strategies. Thirty-eight percent engaged in activities that promoted diet as a climate change mitigation strategy. Vegetarian (p = 0.002) and vegan dietitians (p = 0.007) were significantly more likely than non-vegetarian and non-vegan dietitians to engage in activities that promoted diet as a climate change mitigation strategy. Overall, concern for climate change among dietitians varied significantly by the region of the country in which the dietitian resided, and awareness that animal products are implicated in climate change. Registered dietitians in the United States are concerned with climate change. However, there is a discrepancy between concern and practice-based actions. These results suggest the need for educational and experiential opportunities connecting climate change mitigation to dietetics practice.

  18. Coordination by registered dieticians for nutritional and dietary support in disaster in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takashi Iwasaki

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Problem: Yamada, a town of Iwate Prefecture in north-eastern Japan, was struck by the tsunami from the Great East Japan Earthquake. In Yamada, it was challenging to manage nutritional and diet support for food aid because these services were unavoidably drawn out for several months in evacuation shelters.Context: In Japan, food aid in disasters is often provided, divided and distributed erratically due to poor efforts made with regards to dietary support from the perspective of nutrition. The need for nationally registered dieticians to coordinate nutritional and dietary support in evacuation shelters was considered in this disaster.Action: A dietary support team was formed of nationally registered dieticians to study the dietary conditions of evacuees in shelters in Yamada and to develop a system to ensure the nutritional and balanced dietary needs of the evacuees.Outcome: In this disaster response, model menus were prepared and a menu–food matching system was put in place to order and distribute foods required for balanced meals. Every effort was made to avoid excesses and deficiencies in nutrition; the meals consisted of a staple, main dish, side dish and soup. Along with that, food sanitation and stock management were improved.Discussion: The menu–food matching system put together by the nationally registered dieticians was useful for nutritional and dietary support in this particular disaster. It is recommended that similar nutritional and dietary support coordinated by nationally registered dieticians be considered for disaster management plans where appropriate.

  19. 20 CFR 664.215 - Must youth participants be registered to participate in the youth program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Must youth participants be registered to participate in the youth program? 664.215 Section 664.215 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR YOUTH ACTIVITIES UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT...

  20. 77 FR 74028 - Hearing of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence; Federal Register...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... UNITED STATES Hearing of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence; Federal Register Citation of Previous Announcement: 77 FR 49828 AGENCY: Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence... following public hearing on proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of Evidence has been canceled:...

  1. High-fidelity projective read-out of a solid-state spin quantum register.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robledo, Lucio; Childress, Lilian; Bernien, Hannes; Hensen, Bas; Alkemade, Paul F A; Hanson, Ronald

    2011-09-29

    Initialization and read-out of coupled quantum systems are essential ingredients for the implementation of quantum algorithms. Single-shot read-out of the state of a multi-quantum-bit (multi-qubit) register would allow direct investigation of quantum correlations (entanglement), and would give access to further key resources such as quantum error correction and deterministic quantum teleportation. Although spins in solids are attractive candidates for scalable quantum information processing, their single-shot detection has been achieved only for isolated qubits. Here we demonstrate the preparation and measurement of a multi-spin quantum register in a low-temperature solid-state system by implementing resonant optical excitation techniques originally developed in atomic physics. We achieve high-fidelity read-out of the electronic spin associated with a single nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond, and use this read-out to project up to three nearby nuclear spin qubits onto a well-defined state. Conversely, we can distinguish the state of the nuclear spins in a single shot by mapping it onto, and subsequently measuring, the electronic spin. Finally, we show compatibility with qubit control: we demonstrate initialization, coherent manipulation and single-shot read-out in a single experiment on a two-qubit register, using techniques suitable for extension to larger registers. These results pave the way for a test of Bell's inequalities on solid-state spins and the implementation of measurement-based quantum information protocols. PMID:21937989

  2. 29 CFR Appendix I to Part 1918 - Cargo Gear Register and Certificates (Non-mandatory)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... directly from the recommended ILO document. Form No. 1 Identity of National Authority or Competent... accordance with the ILO Convention No. 152. General The tests, examinations and inspections indicated in this register are based on the requirements of ILO Convention 152 and Recommendation 160. They are intended...

  3. Overdiagnosis of Dementia in Young Patients - A Nationwide Register-Based Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salem, L C; Andersen, B B; Nielsen, T R;

    2012-01-01

    Background: Little is known about the quality of the diagnostic evaluation and the validity of dementia diagnoses in young patients established in routine clinical practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of the diagnosis of dementia registered in the Danish nationwide...

  4. 26 CFR 301.6511(g)-1 - Special rule for partnership items of federally registered partnerships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... registered partnerships. 301.6511(g)-1 Section 301.6511(g)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Limitations on Assessment and Collection § 301.6511(g)-1 Special rule for partnership items of federally...(g) must also be taken into account in applying the various special periods of limitation...

  5. 50 CFR 23.48 - What are the requirements for a registered scientific institution?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... specimens, herbarium specimens, or live plant material with another registered institution. The shipment..., herbarium specimens, or live plant materials that have been permanently and accurately recorded by one of... description of the contents (such as “herbarium specimens”). (iii) The names and addresses of the sending...

  6. 17 CFR 210.6-03 - Special rules of general application to registered investment companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... ACT OF 1933, SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935, INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940, INVESTMENT ADVISERS ACT OF 1940, AND ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT OF 1975... application to registered investment companies. 210.6-03 Section 210.6-03 Commodity and Securities...

  7. GEOSS Registry System: Enabling the Registering and Discovering of Geospatial Web Services Worldwide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Y.; di, L.; Nebert, D.; Wei, Y.

    2007-12-01

    Web Service registry, as a key infrastructural component and cornerstone for Service-Oriented-Architecture deployments, meets the critical need to register, discover, and govern available Web services that provide a promising plan to promote the online discovering and sharing of massive valuable geospatial data. The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) Registry System includes mechanisms to register components and have them approved by the GEO Secretariat, to register services and associate them with GEOSS-recognized standards -- and special arrangements for implementations using non-recognized approaches. A taxonomy of standard types is also proposed to assist in the discovery and classification of GEOSS service implementations. This GEOSS registry exposes Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI), OASIS ebXML-ebRS, and OpenGIS Consortium (OGC) Catalogue Service for Web (CSW) interfaces to be accessed by other applications, including GEOSS Web Portal solutions. Clearinghouse implementations can use the GEOSS registry to register and locate GEOSS catalog services as a basis for evaluation, configuration, harvest, and distributed query. The details of the system design and implementation will be presented, along with the lessons learned from this effort to promote the discovery and system integration of geospatial Web Services worldwide.

  8. 36 CFR 67.5 - Standards for Evaluating Significance within Registered Historic Districts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... architectural merit is given or the historical attributes of the district are considered to be less than 50... Register documentation by issuing a supplementary record if the application material warrants such an... the property before rehabilitation was begun. (e) If a nonhistoric surface material obscures a...

  9. A Study in Difference: Structures and Cultures in Australian Registered Training Organisations. Full Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, Berwyn; Fisher, Thea; Harris, Roger; Bateman, Andrea; Brown, Mike

    2008-01-01

    This report presents the findings of a study examining organisational culture and structure in ten Australian registered training organisations (RTOs) and is part of a program of research examining the factors which affect and help build the capability of vocational education and training (VET) providers. The study sought to determine: (1) how…

  10. Validity of ankylosing spondylitis and undifferentiated spondyloarthritis diagnoses in the Swedish National Patient Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindström, U; Exarchou, S; Sigurdardottir, V;

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies of spondyloarthritis (SpA), using ICD codes from the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR), offer unique possibilities but hinge upon an understanding of the validity of the codes. The aim of this study was to validate the ICD codes for ankylosing spondylitis...

  11. 75 FR 33747 - Ocean Dumping; Correction of Typographical Error in 2006 Federal Register Final Rule for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-15

    ...) at 71 FR 27396 (May 11, 2006). The EPA is also restoring the coordinates for Site H at 40 CFR 228.15... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 228 Ocean Dumping; Correction of Typographical Error in 2006 Federal Register Final... Final Rule for the Ocean Dumping; De-designation of Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site and...

  12. 76 FR 72619 - User Fee To Take the Registered Tax Return Preparer Competency Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-25

    ... FR 59239) proposing a user fee to take the registered tax return preparer competency examination. The...), 58 FR 38142 (July 15, 1993). The OMB Circular requires agencies seeking to impose user fees for... (76 FR 32286) on June 3, 2011, amending the regulations governing practice before the IRS....

  13. Validation of the diagnosis 'prosthetic joint infection' in the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gundtoft, P H; Pedersen, Alma Becic; Schønheyder, H C;

    2016-01-01

    AIMS: The purpose of this study was to validate the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Register (DHR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified a cohort of patients from the DHR who had undergone primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) since 1 January 2005 an...

  14. 40 CFR 80.1225 - Who must register with EPA under the gasoline benzene program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... gasoline benzene program? 80.1225 Section 80.1225 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Gasoline Benzene General Information § 80.1225 Who must register with EPA under the gasoline benzene program? (a) Refiners...

  15. TOWARD A DEFINITION OF MALE HEAD REGISTER, PASSAGGIO, AND COVER IN WESTERN OPERATIC SINGING

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    MILLER, DG; SCHUTTE, HK

    1994-01-01

    For male singers in the western operatic tradition the upper part of the frequency range contains a series of pitches called passaggio, the transition between 'chest' and 'head' registers. Although there is no generally accepted objective definition of the distinction between 'head' and 'chest', the

  16. 21 CFR 207.20 - Who must register and submit a drug list.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL REGISTRATION OF PRODUCERS OF DRUGS AND LISTING OF DRUGS IN COMMERCIAL DISTRIBUTION... drugs shall register and submit a list of every drug in commercial distribution (except that..., storage, or distribution of human cells, tissues, and cellular and tissue-based products, as defined...

  17. Representations of Linguistic Variation in Children's Books: Register Stylisation as a Resource for (Critical) Language Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stamou, Anastasia G.

    2012-01-01

    By drawing upon the dialogic theory of Bakhtin, I consider how register variation is represented in the children's books by the popular Greek writer Dr. Eugene Trivizas, with the aim to explore whether, and in what terms, it could be exploited for the raising of (critical) language awareness. Most sociolinguistic studies which have used literature…

  18. 28 CFR 811.5 - Commencement of the obligation to register.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Columbia from another jurisdiction to live, reside, work, or attend school. Registration shall be... THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION § 811.5 Commencement of the obligation to register... guilty by reason of insanity of a registration offense or is determined to be a sexual...

  19. Registered Nurse Staffing Mix and Quality of Care in Nursing Homes: A Longitudinal Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hongsoo; Harrington, Charlene; Greene, William H.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: To examine the relationship between registered nurse (RN) staffing mix and quality of nursing home care measured by regulatory violations. Design and Methods: A retrospective panel data study (1999-2003) of 2 groups of California freestanding nursing homes. One group was 201 nursing homes that consistently met the state's minimum standard…

  20. Baby Talk as a Simplified Register. Papers and Reports on Child Language Development, No. 9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferguson, Charles A.

    Every speech community has a baby talk register (BT) of phonological, grammatical, and lexical features regarded as primarily appropriate for addressing young children and also for other displaced or extended uses. Much BT is analyzable as derived from normal adult speech (AS) by such simplifying processes as reduction, substitution, assimilation,…

  1. Clinical and social characteristics of women registered on a dispensary as drug addiction

    OpenAIRE

    М.SH. JAMANTAYEVA; A.S. SUBHANBERDINA; N.E. DUNENBAYEV; D.M.SERGAZIYEV

    2015-01-01

    The article reveals some clinical and social characteristics of women registered on a drug-abuse dispensary with mental and behavioral disorders due to use of drugs. The present study points to their influence on structural dynamic characteristics of social adaptation of patients. There are some comprehensive measures of medical and rehabilitative activities directed at outpatient drug treatment.

  2. 77 FR 53231 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... Public Library (Clinton, Iowa MPS), 600 S. 4th St., Clinton, 12000792 Dubuque County Upper Central Avenue... Groveside Rd., Buskirk, 12000796 Thomas--Wiley--Abbott Farmstead (Farmsteads of Pittstown, New York...

  3. The Nordic medical birth registers--a potential goldmine for clinical research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langhoff-Roos, Jens; Krebs, Lone; Klungsøyr, Kari;

    2014-01-01

    The Nordic medical birth registers have long been used for valuable clinical research. Their collection of data for more than four decades offers unusual possibilities for research across generations. At the same time, serum and blotting paper blood samples have been stored from most neonates. Tw...

  4. 40 CFR 168.22 - Advertising of unregistered pesticides, unregistered uses of registered pesticides and FIFRA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Advertising of unregistered pesticides, unregistered uses of registered pesticides and FIFRA section 24(c) registrations. 168.22 Section 168.22 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS STATEMENTS...

  5. Register of new fruit and nut cultivars list 48. Banana, cacao, plantain

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Register of New Fruit and Nut Varieties 48 is a compilation of descriptions of new fruit and nut cultivars from around the world. In this edition, newly released banana, plantain, and cacao cultivars are described in terms of their origins, important fruit traits and yield. ...

  6. The German IVF Register as an Instrument to Document Assisted Reproductive Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadi, S.; Wiesing, U.

    2016-01-01

    The German IVF Register (Deutsches IVF-Register [D.I.R]) has been collecting and publishing data on the use of IVF and related methods in Germany since 1982. It is the only institution which provides information for all of Germany on procedures and their success rates. For this reason it plays an important role in the provision of information to the public, to patients, political decision-makers and the scientific community. However, the register does not have the data of all centers offering treatment in Germany nor does it have complete datasets on all reported treatments. The register accepts retrospective data entries, it does not publish the success rates of individual centers and up until 2015 it did not provide a summary of information which was suitable for non-specialists. The D.I.R has been the focus of criticism in the past. Even today, the information it provides to the scientific community, the public, political decision-makers and potential patients on the outcomes of assisted reproduction is insufficient. The documentation of reproductive medicine procedures in other countries is much more meaningful. PMID:27365538

  7. A Survey of Registered Dietitians' Concern and Actions Regarding Climate Change in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Irana W; Balsam, Alan L; Goldman, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Dietary choices are a tool to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. While registered dietitians are on the front lines of food and nutrition recommendations, it is unclear how many are concerned with climate change and take action in practice in the United States. We explored concern about climate change among registered dietitians, and identified factors that may influence practice-related behaviors. Our study population included a random sample of all registered dietitians credentialed in the United States. Primary data were gathered using a cross-sectional survey. Of the 570 survey responses, 75% strongly agreed or agreed that climate change is an important issue while 34% strongly agreed or agreed that dietitians should play a major role in climate change mitigation strategies. Thirty-eight percent engaged in activities that promoted diet as a climate change mitigation strategy. Vegetarian (p = 0.002) and vegan dietitians (p = 0.007) were significantly more likely than non-vegetarian and non-vegan dietitians to engage in activities that promoted diet as a climate change mitigation strategy. Overall, concern for climate change among dietitians varied significantly by the region of the country in which the dietitian resided, and awareness that animal products are implicated in climate change. Registered dietitians in the United States are concerned with climate change. However, there is a discrepancy between concern and practice-based actions. These results suggest the need for educational and experiential opportunities connecting climate change mitigation to dietetics practice. PMID:26217666

  8. An Exploration of Registered Nurses' Intentions to Leave the Profession: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lutter, Stacy Lynn

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the perceptions of female registered nurses who have intentions to leave the profession with particular attention to the influence of gender. The theoretical framework of feminist poststructuralism informed this study, which emphasizes the role of discourse and power relations in the…

  9. 78 FR 2443 - Comment Request for Information Collection for the Registered Apprenticeship-College Consortium...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ... workers that possess in-demand skills and competencies. Registered Apprenticeship pairs paid on-the-job learning with related technical/theoretical classes in a career field. The earn- while-you-learn model..., Labor. BILLING CODE 4510-FR-P...

  10. Ratings of the Performances of Practicing Internists by Hospital-Based Registered Nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenrich, Marjorie D.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    In a survey, 1,851 registered nurses evaluated 232 internists' humanistic qualities, communication skills, and selected aspects of their clinical skills. Their ratings corresponded moderately with peer physician evaluations and had a common structure but were lower for several humanistic qualities. A reliable assessment required 11-15 nurses'…

  11. 42 CFR 57.313 - Loan cancellation for full-time employment as a registered nurse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... section 836(h) of the Act. The regulations set forth in 42 CFR 57.316 (a) and (b)(6) (1976), as adopted on... registered nurse. 57.313 Section 57.313 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... nurse. (a) For loans made after November 18, 1971, and before September 29, 1979. A person who:...

  12. 28 CFR 811.4 - Determination of the obligation to register and the length of registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Determination of the obligation to register and the length of registration. 811.4 Section 811.4 Judicial Administration COURT SERVICES AND... adult; (3) Prior criminal history; (4) For an offense committed in or prosecuted under the law...

  13. ULTOR(Registered TradeMark) Passive Pose and Position Engine For Spacecraft Relative Navigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannah, S. Joel

    2008-01-01

    The ULTOR(Registered TradeMark) Passive Pose and Position Engine (P3E) technology, developed by Advanced Optical Systems, Inc (AOS), uses real-time image correlation to provide relative position and pose data for spacecraft guidance, navigation, and control. Potential data sources include a wide variety of sensors, including visible and infrared cameras. ULTOR(Registered TradeMark) P3E has been demonstrated on a number of host processing platforms. NASA is integrating ULTOR(Registerd TradeMark) P3E into its Relative Navigation System (RNS), which is being developed for the upcoming Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Servicing Mission 4 (SM4). During SM4 ULTOR(Registered TradeMark) P3E will perform realtime pose and position measurements during both the approach and departure phases of the mission. This paper describes the RNS implementation of ULTOR(Registered TradeMark) P3E, and presents results from NASA's hardware-in-the-loop simulation testing against the HST mockup.

  14. 76 FR 66081 - Proposed Information Collection; Nomination of Properties for Listing on the National Register of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-25

    ..., architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture. National Register properties have significance to the..., 36 CFR 60 and 63. Form(s): 10-900, 10-900-a, and 10-900-b. Type of Request: Extension of a previously...; businesses; nonprofit organizations; and individuals. Respondent's Obligation: Required to obtain or...

  15. One Week in January: A Register of Men from Late Antique Egypt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cromwell, Jennifer Adele

    2015-01-01

    The University of Michigan papyrus P.Mich. inv. 1545 is a register of men, written in Coptic. Various pieces of information are provided for each man, including their patronymic, their place of residence, their occupation, or the name of the person they served. Occupations include dealers of vari...

  16. Strategies of Euphemism in Writing Business Complaint Letter:From the Perspective of Register Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雅婷

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies the strategies of euphemism in writing business complaint let er based on Hal iday’s Register Theory. It categorizes the discussed euphemistic strategies into three levels of lexicon, grammar and syntax by relating them to the situational parameters of field, tenor and mode.

  17. S.H.A.R.P: A smart Hierarchical Algorithm to Register Psoriasis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gomez, David Delgado; Ersbøll, Bjarne Kjær; Carstensen, Jens Michael

    2004-01-01

    In this work, an automatic algorithm for registering psoriasis images is proposed. The algorithm, made up of two stages, takes adventages of the behavior of the disease. In the first stage, the diseased area is segmented in the image. The second stage uses this information to align the image base...

  18. A Study in Difference: Structures and Cultures in Registered Training Organisations. Support Document 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, Berwyn; Fisher, Thea; Harris, Roger; Bateman, Andrea; Brown, Mike

    2008-01-01

    This document supports the report "A Study in Difference: Structures and Cultures in Registered Training Organisations." The first section outlines the methodology used to undertake the research and covers the design of the research, sample details, the data collection process and the strategy for data analysis and reporting. The limitations of…

  19. Validation of extraction, clean-up and DR CALUX {sup registered} bioanalysis. Pt. I. Feedingstuff

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Besselink, H.; Jonas, A.; Brouwer, B. [BioDetection Systems BV (BDS), Amsterdam (Netherlands); Pijnappels, M.; Swinkels, A. [Masterlab BV, Boxmeer (Netherlands)

    2004-09-15

    Feed safety is a high priority issue for the feed sector as it directly impacts at the beginning of the food-chain. Currently stringent EU limit values are in force for dioxins in feedingstuffs for animal and public health protection. Biodetection Systems BV's (BDS) DR CALUX {sup registered} bioassay is a cost-effective and rapid method to measure low levels of dioxins and dioxin-like compounds in various matrices. The use of bioassays for monitoring dioxins in feed allows the (pre)-selection of samples suspected of being contaminated above limit values with dioxins. To permit bioassays to be used for screening feedingstuffs for the presence of dioxins and related compounds, the EU has laid down general requirements for the determination of dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs in feedingstuffs and specific requirements for cell-based bioassays. To ensure reliability the DR CALUX {sup registered} bioassay, validated methods for extraction and DR CALUX {sup registered} analysis are necessary. Within the framework of the development of DR CALUX {sup registered} analysis methods, extraction and clean-up methods for 13 feedingstuffs were evaluated, selected and validated. In this paper we present the results of this substantive multi-matrix feedingstuffs validation study.

  20. Genetic and Environmental Stability in Attention Problems across the Lifespan: Evidence from the Netherlands Twin Register

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kan, Kees-Jan; Dolan, Conor V.; Nivard, Michel G.; Middeldorp, Christel M.; van Beijsterveldt, Catharina E. M.; Willemsen, Gonneke; Boomsma, Dorret I.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To review findings on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and attention problems (AP) in children, adolescents, and adults, as established in the database of the Netherlands Twin Register and increase the understanding of stability in AP across the lifespan as a function of genetic and environmental influences. Method: A…

  1. 75 FR 40856 - Federal Register Meeting Notice; Webinar About Regional Innovation Clusters RFP

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-14

    ... ADMINISTRATION Federal Register Meeting Notice; Webinar About Regional Innovation Clusters RFP AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) ACTION: Notice of open webinar meeting to discuss Regional Innovation... Innovation Clusters RFP. For more information please go to http://www.sba.gov/clusters/index.html . The...

  2. Optimal Register Allocation by Augmented Left-Edge Algorithm on Arbitrary Control-Flow Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruvald Pedersen, Mark; Madsen, Jan

    2012-01-01

    A new algorithm for optimal register allocation in context of high-level synthesis is presented. In this paper we show how the greedy left-edge algorithm can be leveraged to obtain a globally optimal allocation, that is computed in polynomial time. By splitting variables at block boundaries, allo...

  3. Vocal tract in female registers--a dynamic real-time MRI study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echternach, Matthias; Sundberg, Johan; Arndt, Susan; Markl, Michael; Schumacher, Martin; Richter, Bernhard

    2010-03-01

    The area of vocal registers is still unclarified. In a previous investigation, dynamic real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is able to produce up to 10 frames per second, was successfully applied for examinations of vocal tract modifications in register transitions in male singers. In the present study, the same MRI technique was used to study vocal tract shapes during four professional young sopranos' lower and upper register transitions. The subjects were asked to sing a scale on the vowel /a/ across their transitions. The transitions were acoustically identified by four raters. In neither of these transitions, clear vocal tract changes could be ascertained. However, substantial changes, that is, widening of the lips, opening of the jaw, elevation of the tongue dorsum, and continuous widening of the pharynx, were observed when the singers reached fundamental frequencies that were close to the frequency of the first formant of the vowel sung. These findings suggest that in these subjects register transition was not primarily the result of modifications of the vocal tract. PMID:19185452

  4. A Learning Partnership: Exploring Preceptorship through Interviews with Registered and Novice Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ockerby, Cherene M.; Newton, Jennifer M.; Cross, Wendy M.; Jolly, Brian C.

    2009-01-01

    Novice nurses encounter numerous factors that impact on their learning in the complex healthcare workplace. Registered nurses often work one-on-one with novices as preceptors to facilitate the development of novices' clinical skills and socialisation into the profession. This paper explores the concept of preceptorship from novice nurses' and…

  5. Monitoring dwelling stock efficiency through energy performance register: Trends in Dutch social housing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Majcen, D.; Itard, L.C.M.; Visscher, H.J.

    2014-01-01

    In 2002 EU adopted the Energy Performance of Buildings directive which was subsequently adopted by the member states. However, more than a decade later, no national registers of certificates have become available publicly or to research institutions in order to give feedback on the introduced regula

  6. Do hip prosthesis related infection codes in administrative discharge registers correctly classify periprosthetic hip joint infection?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lange, Jeppe; Pedersen, Alma B; Troelsen, Anders;

    2015-01-01

    ) periprosthetic hip joint infection diagnosis code in the Danish National Patient Register. METHODS: Patients were identified with an ICD-10 discharge diagnosis code of T84.5 ("Infection and inflammatory reaction due to internal joint prosthesis") in association with hip-joint associated surgical procedure codes...

  7. Changes to English as an Additional Language Writers' Research Articles: From Spoken to Written Register

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koyalan, Aylin; Mumford, Simon

    2011-01-01

    The process of writing journal articles is increasingly being seen as a collaborative process, especially where the authors are English as an Additional Language (EAL) academics. This study examines the changes made in terms of register to EAL writers' journal articles by a native-speaker writing centre advisor at a private university in Turkey.…

  8. 77 FR 61783 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    ... Amusement Park, Farmington, Utah MPS) 375 N. Lagoon Dr., Farmington, 12000884 Lagoon Roller Coaster, (Lagoon Amusement Park, Farmington, Utah MPS) 375 N. Lagoon Dr., Farmington, 12000885 BILLING CODE 4312-51-P ... National Park Service National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and...

  9. 77 FR 25405 - Modification to Content Published by Import Administration in the Federal Register

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ... International Trade Administration Modification to Content Published by Import Administration in the Federal... required to publish certain notices in the Federal Register (FR). Following review of the requirements of... the FR, in a modified and condensed format. IA will continue to include in its published...

  10. Effect of Timbre and Register Modifications of Musical Stimuli on Young Children's Identification of Chord Changes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa-Giomi, Eugenia

    1994-01-01

    Reviews research related to children's musical development. Reports on a study of 125 kindergarten and first-grade students on the impact of modification of timbre and register of musical stimuli. Finds that timbre modification helped children recognize chord changes with first graders identifying more changes than did kindergartners. (CFR)

  11. 26 CFR 48.6427-11 - Kerosene; claims by registered ultimate vendors (blending).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Kerosene; claims by registered ultimate vendors (blending). 48.6427-11 Section 48.6427-11 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... same form as the model certificate provided in paragraph (e)(2)(iii) of this section, and contains...

  12. Register of New Fruit and Nut Cultivars List 45. Banana, cacao, Spanish lime, plantain

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Register of New Fruit and Nut Varieties 45 is a compilation of descriptions of new fruit and nut cultivars from around the world. In this edition, newly released cacao, banana, plantain, and genip cultivars are described in terms of their origins, important fruit traits and yield....

  13. Nursing Practice Environment and Registered Nurses' Job Satisfaction in Nursing Homes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, JiSun; Flynn, Linda; Aiken, Linda H.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Recruiting and retaining registered nurses (RNs) in nursing homes is problematic, and little research is available to guide efforts to make nursing homes a more attractive practice environment for RNs. The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between aspects of the nursing practice environment and job satisfaction among RNs…

  14. 24 CFR 1715.50 - Advertising disclaimers; subdivisions registered and effective with HUD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Advertising disclaimers; subdivisions registered and effective with HUD. 1715.50 Section 1715.50 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR...

  15. 40 CFR 152.15 - Pesticide products required to be registered.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pesticide products required to be...) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PESTICIDE REGISTRATION AND CLASSIFICATION PROCEDURES General Provisions § 152.15 Pesticide products required to be registered. No person may distribute or sell any pesticide product that...

  16. A survey of Registered Dietitians’ concern and actions regarding climate change in the United States.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irana W. Hawkins

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Dietary choices are a viable solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. While Registered Dietitians are on the front lines of food and nutrition recommendations, it is unclear how many are concerned with climate change and take action in practice in the United States. We explored concern about climate change amongst Registered Dietitians, and identified factors that may influence practice-related behaviors. Our study population included a random sample of all Registered Dietitians credentialed in the United States. Primary data was gathered using a cross-sectional survey. Of the 570 survey responses, 75% strongly agreed or agreed that climate change is an important issue while 34% strongly agreed or agreed that dietitians should play a major role in climate change mitigation strategies. Thirty-eight percent engaged in activities that promoted diet as a climate change mitigation strategy. Vegetarian (p=0.002 and vegan dietitians (p=0.007 were significantly more likely than non-vegetarian and non-vegan dietitians to engage in activities that promoted diet as a climate change mitigation strategy. Overall, concern for climate change amongst dietitians varied significantly by the region of the country in which the dietitian resided, and awareness that animal products are implicated in climate change. Registered Dietitians in the United States are concerned with climate change. However, there is a discrepancy between concern and practice-based actions. These results suggest the need for educational and experiential opportunities connecting climate change mitigation to dietetics practice.

  17. 36 CFR 60.14 - Changes and revisions to properties listed in the National Register.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... evaluation, the change will be accepted. If the boundary change is not accepted, the old boundaries will... National Register criteria for evaluation. Any proposal to alter a boundary has to be documented in detail... Preservation Program has neglected to obtain prior approval for the move or has evidence that...

  18. Low cost SCR lamp driver indicates contents of digital computer registers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cliff, R. A.

    1967-01-01

    Silicon Controlled Rectifier /SCR/ lamp driver is adapted for use in integrated circuit digital computers where it indicates the contents of the various registers. The threshold voltage at which visual indication begins is very sharply defined and can be adjusted to suit particular system requirements.

  19. A register-based study of the antimicrobial usage in Danish veal calves and young bulls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fertner, Mette; Toft, Nils; Martin, Henrik Læssøe; Boklund, Anette

    2016-09-01

    High antimicrobial usage and multidrug resistance have been reported in veal calves in Europe. This may be attributed to a high risk of disease as veal calves are often purchased from numerous dairy herds, exposed to stress related to the transport and commingling of new animals, and fed a new ration. In this study, we used national register data to characterize the use of antimicrobials registered for large Danish veal calf and young bull producing herds in 2014. A total of 325 herds with veal calf and potentially young bull production were identified from the Danish Cattle database. According to the national Danish database on drugs for veterinary use (VetStat), a total of 537,399 Animal Daily Doses (ADD200) were registered for these 325 herds during 2014. The amount of antimicrobials registered in 2014 varied throughout the year, with the highest amounts registered in autumn and winter. Antimicrobials were registered for respiratory disorders (79%), joints/limbs/CNS disorders (17%), gastrointestinal disorders (3.7%) and other disorders (0.3%). Of the registered antimicrobials, 15% were for oral and 85% for parenteral administration. Long-acting formulations with a therapeutic effect of more than 48h covered 58% of the drugs for parenteral use. Standardized at the herd-level, as ADD200/100 calves/day, antimicrobial use distributed as median [CI95%] for starter herds (n=22): 2.14 [0.19;7.58], finisher herds (n=24): 0.48 [0.00;1.48], full-line herds (n=183): 0.78 [0.05;2.20] and herds with an inconsistent pattern of movements (n=96): 0.62 [0.00;2.24]. Full-line herds are herds, which purchase calves directly from a dairy herd and raise them to slaughter. Furthermore, we performed a risk factor analysis on the 183 herds with a full-line production. Here, we investigated, whether the number of suppliers, the number of calves purchased, the frequency of purchase, the average age at introduction, the average time in the herd and vaccination influenced the amount of

  20. Factors Associated with Musculoskeletal Disorders among Registered Nurses: Evidence from the Thai Nurse Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thinkhamrop, W; Laohasiriwong, W

    2015-01-01

    Background Health, safety, and well being have been known to be influenced by occupational characteristics. Nurses constantly encounter musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) from work demands worldwide. Nevertheless, there is insufficient of knowledge regarding causes of musculoskeletal disorders among nurses in Thailand. Objective To investigate factors associated with musculoskeletal disorder among registered nurses in Thailand. Method This study is part of the 2009 Thai Nurse Cohort Study which consisted of 18,756 nationally representative sample of registered nurses. Data collection was performed via postal self-administered questionnaires. Manifesting musculoskeletal disorders was self-reported by registered nurses, 1,070 nurses were excluded since they were unemployed during previous 12 months. Multiple logistic regression was used for data analysis. Result Of 17,686 registered nurses, the overall 12 months prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was 47.8%. It was found that workplace violence was the strongest factor which statistically significant associated with musculoskeletal disorders (adjusted odds ratio, OR, 2.01; 95% confidence interval, 95% CI, 1.42 to 2.83; P job required a lot of physical effort (OR = 1.69; 95% CI: 1.52 to 1.87; P < 0.001), every 10 years increased of age (OR = 1.40; 95% CI: 1.22 to 1.62; P < 0.001), overweight (OR = 1.39; 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.52; P = 0.015). Conclusion Registered nurses were most vulnerable of musculoskeletal disorders especially those who experienced workplace violence, anxiety/depression, strenuous work, older age, and overweight. Consequently, recommending safety practices to nurses should be considered for musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) prevention by ergonomics and workplace design. PMID:27180371

  1. OUTPATIENT REGISTER OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES IN THE RYAZAN REGION (RECVASA: PRINCIPAL TASKS, EXPERIENCE OF DEVELOPMENT AND FIRST RESULTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. A. Boytsov

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To estimate risk factors and comorbidity structure, cardiovascular diseases outcomes, evaluate their diagnostics and treatment quality in real outpatient practice using a register of patients with arterial hypertension (HT, ischemic heart disease (IHD, chronic heart failure (CHF and atrial fibrillation (AF in the Ryazan Region – the territorial subject ofRussian Federation with high cardiovascular mortality rate.Material and methods. The total of 1000 HT, IHD, CHF, AF patients, applied for general practitioners or cardiologists of theRyazan outpatient clinics in March-May of 2012 were sequentially enrolled in the outpatient REgister of CardioVAscular diseases (RECVASA.Results. According to outpatient cards data HT, IHD, CHF and AF were diagnosed in 99.0%; 70.9%; 74.8% and 13.7% of the 1000 cases, respectively. 820 (82% patients revealed a concomitant cardiovascular pathology (cardiac comorbidity, at that the most frequent was combination of HT with IHD and CHF (50.4%. Diabetes mellitus was diagnosed in 209 (20.9% patients. 770 (77% patients were assessed on their total cholesterol level; smoking status and family history of heart diseases were estimated in 28 (2.8% and 49 (4.9% patients, respectively. Exercise tolerance test (stress-test was carried out in 2% of the patients (including 2.8% of the IHD patients, 24-hour blood pressure (BP and ECG monitoring – in 0.7% and 5.5%, respectively; echocardiography and ultrasound of brachiocephalic arteries (BCA – in 25.6% and 8.6%, respectively; coronary angiography – in 1.6% (which includes 2.3% of the IHD patients. The following drug groups were prescribed most frequently: antiplatelet agents – in 60.4% of the cases (584 patients received acetylsalicylic acid and 20 – clopidogrel, ACE inhibitors – in 62.9%, β-blockers – in 43.9% of the patients. Target BP level was achieved in 245 of 956 cases (25.6%. 50.6% of IHD patients and 51.1% of hypercholesterolemic patients received

  2. Pattern of malignant tumors registered at a referral oral and maxillofacial hospital in Sudan during 2006 and 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Tarig

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: A progressive increase in the incidence and mortality of oral cancer is expected in Sudan. However, updated information on the epidemiology and pattern of the disease in the country is needed to draw the attention of the local authorities. Aim: The aim of this study has been to describe the pattern of cancer cases attending a referral oral and maxillofacial hospital in Sudan during the period 2006-2007. Settings and Design: The investigation was conducted as a cross-sectional study using the hospital records. Materials and Methods: From the hospital database, all cancer cases registered during the study period have been reported and their demographic characteristics, clinical information and history of oral habits were included. Statistics: Statistical Package for Social Sciences (version 12 was used for data analysis. Frequency distributions of the study variables were made and the association between pairs of variables was examined using the Chi-square test with a level of significance of 0.01. Results and Conclusion: Of the 261 cases included in this study, the most common pattern was found to be an intraoral squamous cell carcinoma (73.6%. The male to female ratio was approximately 3:2. Dropout rates were alarmingly high regardless of the patient′s state of residence. The observation of this study indicated that most of the patients seek treatment when the tumor reaches late stage. More public health efforts are therefore needed to investigate the current impact of the problem as well as for prevention and early detection of the cases.

  3. Statistics available for site studies in registers and surveys at Statistics Sweden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haldorson, Marie [Statistics Sweden, Oerebro (Sweden)

    2000-03-01

    Statistics Sweden (SCB) has produced this report on behalf of the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB), as part of the data to be used by SKB in conducting studies of potential sites. The report goes over the statistics obtainable from SCB in the form of registers and surveys. The purpose is to identify the variables that are available, and to specify their degree of geographical detail and the time series that are available. Chapter two describes the statistical registers available at SCB, registers that share the common feature that they provide total coverage, i.e. they contain all 'objects' of a given type, such as population, economic activities (e.g. from statements of employees' earnings provided to the tax authorities), vehicles, enterprises or real estate. SCB has exclusive responsibility for seven of the nine registers included in the chapter, while two registers are ordered by public authorities with statistical responsibilities. Chapter three describes statistical surveys that are conducted by SCB, with the exception of the National Forest Inventory, which is carried out by the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. In terms of geographical breakdown, the degree of detail in the surveys varies, but all provide some possibility of reporting data at lower than the national level. The level involved may be county, municipality, yield district, coastal district or category of enterprises, e.g. aquaculture. Six of the nine surveys included in the chapter have been ordered by public authorities with statistical responsibilities, while SCB has exclusive responsibility for the others. Chapter four presents an overview of the statistics on land use maintained by SCB. This chapter does not follow the same pattern as chapters two and three but instead gives a more general account. The conclusion can be drawn that there are good prospects that SKB can make use of SCB's data as background information or in other ways when

  4. Statistics available for site studies in registers and surveys at Statistics Sweden

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Statistics Sweden (SCB) has produced this report on behalf of the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB), as part of the data to be used by SKB in conducting studies of potential sites. The report goes over the statistics obtainable from SCB in the form of registers and surveys. The purpose is to identify the variables that are available, and to specify their degree of geographical detail and the time series that are available. Chapter two describes the statistical registers available at SCB, registers that share the common feature that they provide total coverage, i.e. they contain all 'objects' of a given type, such as population, economic activities (e.g. from statements of employees' earnings provided to the tax authorities), vehicles, enterprises or real estate. SCB has exclusive responsibility for seven of the nine registers included in the chapter, while two registers are ordered by public authorities with statistical responsibilities. Chapter three describes statistical surveys that are conducted by SCB, with the exception of the National Forest Inventory, which is carried out by the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. In terms of geographical breakdown, the degree of detail in the surveys varies, but all provide some possibility of reporting data at lower than the national level. The level involved may be county, municipality, yield district, coastal district or category of enterprises, e.g. aquaculture. Six of the nine surveys included in the chapter have been ordered by public authorities with statistical responsibilities, while SCB has exclusive responsibility for the others. Chapter four presents an overview of the statistics on land use maintained by SCB. This chapter does not follow the same pattern as chapters two and three but instead gives a more general account. The conclusion can be drawn that there are good prospects that SKB can make use of SCB's data as background information or in other ways when undertaking future

  5. Perceptions of registered nurses in four state health insititutions on continuing formal education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Richards

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated registered nurses in four selected state health institutions’perceptions with regard to continuing formal education. The relevance of continuing formal education is being emphasised globally by the increasing quest for quality assurance and quality management systems within an ethos of continuous improvement.According to Tlholoe (2006:5, it is important to be committed to continual learning, as people’s knowledge become less relevant because skills gained early in a career are insufficient to avoid costly mistakes made through ignorance. Continuing formal education in nursing is a key element to the maintenance of quality in health care delivery. The study described: registered nurses’ views on continuing formaleducation registered nurses’ perceived barriers to continuing formal educationA quantitative descriptive survey design was chosen using a questionnaire for data collection. The sample consisted of 40 registered nurses working at four state health institutions in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. Convenience sampling was selected to include registered nurses who were on duty on the days during which there searcher visited the health institutions to distribute the questionnaires. The questionnaire contained mainly closed-ended and a few open-ended questions. Content validity of the instrument was ensured by doing a thorough literature review before construction of items and a pretest. Reliability was established by the pretest and providing the same information to all respondents before completion of the questionnaires.The ethical considerations of informed consent, anonymity and confidentiality were adhered to and consent to conduct the study was obtained from relevant authorities. Descriptive statistics, based on calculations using the Microsoft (MSExcel (for Windows 2000 programme, were used to summarise and describe the research results. The research results indicated that most registered nurses

  6. Valid comparisons and decisions based on clinical registers and population based cohort studies: assessing the accuracy, completeness and epidemiological relevance of a breast cancer query database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacke Christian Olaf

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Data accuracy and completeness are crucial for ensuring both the correctness and epidemiological relevance of a given data set. In this study we evaluated a clinical register in the administrative district of Marburg-Biedenkopf, Germany, for these criteria. Methods The register contained data gathered from a comprehensive integrated breast-cancer network from three hospitals that treated all included incident cases of malignant breast cancer in two distinct time periods from 1996–97 (N=389 and 2003–04 (N=488. To assess the accuracy of this data, we compared distributions of risk, prognostic, and predictive factors with distributions from established secondary databases to detect any deviations from these “true” population parameters. To evaluate data completeness, we calculated epidemiological standard measures as well as incidence-mortality-ratios (IMRs. Results In total, 12% (13 of 109 of the variables exhibited inaccuracies: 9% (5 out of 56 in 1996–97 and 15% (8 out of 53 in 2003–04. In contrast to raw, unstandardized incidence rates, (in- directly age-standardized incidence rates showed no systematic deviations. Our final completeness estimates were IMR=36% (1996–97 and IMR=43% (2003–04. Conclusion Overall, the register contained accurate, complete, and correct data. Regional differences accounted for detected inaccuracies. Demographic shifts occurred. Age-standardized measures indicate an acceptable degree of completeness. The IMR method of measuring completeness was inappropriate for incidence-based data registers. For the rising number of population-based health-care networks, further methodological advancements are necessary. Correct and epidemiologically relevant data are crucial for clinical and health-policy decision-making.

  7. Comparison of early socialization practices used for litters of small-scale registered dog breeders and nonregistered dog breeders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korbelik, Juraj; Rand, Jacquie S; Morton, John M

    2011-10-15

    OBJECTIVE-To compare early socialization practices between litters of breeders registered with the Canine Control Council (CCC) and litters of nonregistered breeders advertising puppies for sale in a local newspaper. DESIGN-Retrospective cohort study. Animals-80 litters of purebred and mixed-breed dogs from registered (n = 40) and non-registered (40) breeders. PROCEDURES-Registered breeders were randomly selected from the CCC website, and nonregistered breeders were randomly selected from a weekly advertising newspaper. The litter sold most recently by each breeder was then enrolled in the study. Information pertaining to socialization practices for each litter was obtained through a questionnaire administered over the telephone. RESULTS-Registered breeders generally had more breeding bitches and had more litters than did nonregistered breeders. Litters of registered breeders were more likely to have been socialized with adult dogs, people of different appearances, and various environmental stimuli, compared with litters of nonregistered breeders. Litters from registered breeders were also much less likely to have been the result of an unplanned pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE-Among those breeders represented, litters of registered breeders received more socialization experience, compared with litters of nonregistered breeders. People purchasing puppies from nonregistered breeders should focus on socializing their puppies between the time of purchase and 14 weeks of age. Additional research is required to determine whether puppies from nonregistered breeders are at increased risk of behavioral problems and are therefore more likely to be relinquished to animal shelters or euthanized, relative to puppies from registered breeders. PMID:21985351

  8. Calculative activation analysis of the transport rack for CASTOR {sup registered} casks; Berechnung der Aktivierung eines Transportgestells fuer CASTOR {sup registered} -Behaelter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tittelbach, S. [Wissenschaftlich-Technische Ingenieurberatung GmbH (WTI), Juelich (Germany); Biedermann, R. [GNS Gesellschaft fuer Nuklear-Service mbH, Essen (Germany); Schmidt-Wohlfarth, Y.; Louia, A. [EnBW Kernkraft GmbH, Philippsburg (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    The transport rack for the internal transport of loaded CASTOR {sup registered} casks before the storage in the intermediate storage facility at the site of the NPP Philippsburg is exposed to neutron irradiation from the cask inventory. Using the Monte Carlo code MCNP the activation rates of the transport rack materials are calculated for typical storage times of the casks in the rack. The long-term activation was also calculated for the continuous use of the transport rack over 10 years. Further topics were the dose rate in the near surrounding of the transport rack after long-term activation and finally the disposability of rack components according to the legal regulations. The maximum contact dose rate was calculated to be below 1 micro Sv/h after 10 years of application. The transport rack can be disposed with large safety margins to the radiation protection limits.

  9. COMPARATIVE MOLECULAR GENETIC ANALYSIS BETWEEN UKRAINIAN AND EU REGISTERED GLYPHOSATE-TOLERANT RAPESEED TRANSGENIC PLANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Taranenko

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of research was to analyze 10 developed at the Institute of Cell Biology and Genetic Engineering lines of rapeseed to confirm the presence and functionality of the transferred transgene CP4 epsps, as well as the differences among those lines from registered transformation events GT73 and GT200 (Monsanto. During the study extraction of total rapeseed DNA, PCR analysis, electrophoretic separation and visualization of amplicons in agarose gel were conducted, as well as testing of green plants for resistance to glyphosate in greenhouse. The structural difference among 7 transgenic lines from registered transformation events GT73 and GT200 was revealed. Plants showing the presence of synthetic CP4 epsps sequence were resistant to the herbicide in a closed soil. The uniqueness of the obtained transformation events was confirmed, as well as the prospect of using them in breeding.

  10. Inadequate Diagnostic Evaluation in Young Patients Registered with a Diagnosis of Dementia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salem, Lise Cronberg; Andersen, Birgitte Bo; Nielsen, T Rune;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Establishing a diagnosis of dementia in young patients may be complex and have significant implications for the patient. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of the diagnostic work-up in young patients diagnosed with dementia in the clinical routine. METHODS: Two hundred...... basic diagnostic evaluation was performed in only 24%, although more often (28%) in the subgroup of patients where dementia was confirmed by raters. CONCLUSION: This first nationwide study of unselected young patients registered with a diagnosis of dementia indicated that the concept of dementia may...... patients were randomly selected from 891 patients aged ≤65 years registered with a diagnosis of dementia for the first time in 2008 in Danish hospitals, and 159 medical records were available for review. Three raters evaluated their medical records for the completeness of the diagnostic work-up on which...

  11. The attitude of registered nurses at Addington Hospital towards their profession

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Schlebusch

    1982-09-01

    Full Text Available Several investigations into the nursing profession have demonstrated that a significant number of registered nurses leave the profession or are dissatisfied with it. The student nurse drop-outs of the 1979 intake in the Republic of South Africa amounted to 2,120. Similarly, recent public reports have noted widespread dissatisfaction amongst nurses in South Africa, particularly with regard to salary and conditions of employment. At Addington Hospital a rapid changeover of registered nurses on the staff was also noted. Preliminary enquiries revealed that the cause is not that nurses do not want to nurse, but that they are simply no longer willing to make the major compromises expected of them if they choose to stay in the profession.

  12. Effect of Prior Health-Related Employment on the Registered Nurse Workforce Supply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Byung-kwan; Lin, Tzu-chun; Kim, Minchul; Sasaki, Tomoko; Spetz, Joanne

    2016-01-01

    Registered nurses (RN) who held prior health-related employment in occupations other than licensed practical or vocational nursing (LPN/LVN) are reported to have increased rapidly in the past decades. Researchers examined whether prior health-related employment affects RN workforce supply. A cross-sectional bivariate probit model using the 2008 National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses was esti- mated. Prior health-related employment in relatively lower-wage occupations, such as allied health, clerk, or nursing aide, was positively associated with working s an RN. ~>Prior health-related employ- ment in relatively higher-wage categories, such as a health care manager or LPN/LVN, was positively associated with working full-time as an RN. Policy implications are to promote an expanded career ladder program and a nursing school admission policy that targets non-RN health care workers with an interest in becoming RNs. PMID:27055308

  13. Electronic shift register memory based on molecular electron-transfer reactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design of a shift register memory at the molecular level is described in detail. The memory elements are based on a chain of electron-transfer molecules incorporated on a very large scale integrated (VLSI) substrate, and the information is shifted by photoinduced electron-transfer reactions. The design requirements for such a system are discussed, and several realistic strategies for synthesizing these systems are presented. The immediate advantage of such a hybrid molecular/VLSI device would arise from the possible information storage density. The prospect of considerable savings of energy per bit processed also exists. This molecular shift register memory element design solves the conceptual problems associated with integrating molecular size components with larger (micron) size features on a chip

  14. Operative Complications During Pregnancy After Gastric Bypass—a Register-Based Cohort Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Lisbeth A; Nilas, Lisbeth; Kjær, Mette M

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Late complications to bariatric surgery during pregnancy have become an area of concern. Expansion of the uterus and the following displacement of the small intestine may increase the risk of internal herniation. We wanted to estimate the risk and consequences of surgical complications...... during pregnancy in a national cohort of women with a history of gastric bypass surgery. METHODS: A national, register-based cohort study of all Danish women with a history of gastric bypass surgery who had given birth from 2004 to 2010 was conducted. Surgical codes registered during pregnancy and until...... the puerperium. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of internal herniation during pregnancy was 1 % in our study. Internal herniation may be a serious complication in pregnant women, and both the diagnosis and treatment requires handling by experienced obstetrical, radiological, and surgical staff....

  15. Perceptions of complementary therapies among Swedish registered professions in surgical care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjerså, Kristofer; Forsberg, Anna; Fagevik Olsén, Monika

    2011-02-01

    There is increasing interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among healthcare professions. However, no studies have been conducted in Sweden or in a surgical context. The aim of this study is to describe different perceptions of complementary therapies among registered healthcare professions in Swedish surgical care. Sixteen interviews were conducted with registered physicians, nurses, physiotherapists and clinical dieticians at a Swedish university hospital. Analysis was made with a phenomenographic research approach. The findings showed variations in perceptions of the definition of complementary therapies. A constructive approach toward use was observed, but there was a conflict in matters of indications and contraindications, and also criticism over a lack of knowledge. There was seen to be a need for education to be able to act professionally. Scepticism over high costs of treatment was highlighted. In conclusion, a need for policies on management, education and research in the field of CAM should be addressed.

  16. The incidence of eating disorders in a Danish register study: Associations with suicide risk and mortality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zerwas, Stephanie; Tidselbak Larsen, Janne; Petersen, Liselotte;

    2015-01-01

    Our aim was to characterize the incidence rates and cumulative incidence of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS), and examine associations among eating disorder diagnoses, suicide attempts, and mortality. Individuals born in Denmark...... between 1989 and 2006 were included (N = 966,141, 51.3% male). Eating disorders diagnoses (AN, broad AN, BN, EDNOS) were drawn from the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register (PCRR) and Danish National Patient Register (NPR). Suicide attempts and deaths were captured in the NPR, the PCRR......, and the Danish Civil Registration System (CRS). In females, AN had a peak hazard at approximately age 15 years, BN at 22 years, and EDNOS had an extended peak that spanned 18 years–22 years. Eating disorder diagnoses predicted a significantly higher hazard for death and suicide attempt compared with the referent...

  17. A low-power multi port register file design using a low-swing strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Hao; Liu Yan; Hua Siliang; Wang Donghui; Hou Chaohuan

    2012-01-01

    a low-power register file is designed by using a low-swing strategy and modified NAND address decoders.The proposed low-swing strategy is based on the feedback scheme and uses dynamic logic to reduce the active feedback power.This method contains two parts:WRITE and READ strategy.In the WRITE low-swing scheme,the modified memory cell is used to support low-swing WRITE.The modified NAND decoder not only dissipates less power,but also enables a great deal of area reduction.Compared with the conventional single-ended register file,the low-swing strategy saves 34.5% and 51.15% bit-line power in WRITE and READ separately.The post simulation results indicate a 39.4% power improvement when the twelve ports are all busy.

  18. Children with hemodynamically significant congenital heart disease can be identified through population-based registers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergman, Gunnar; Hærskjold, Ann; Stensballe, Lone Graff;

    2015-01-01

    as having hemodynamically significant CHD according to the recommendations for treatment with palivizumab. CONCLUSION: It was possible to identify a subgroup of children with hemodynamically significant CHD using an epidemiological approach and an algorithm with high validity. Our results will enable well-powered......BACKGROUND: Epidemiological research is facilitated in Sweden by a history of national health care registers, making large unselected national cohort studies possible. However, for complex clinical populations, such as children with congenital heart disease (CHD), register-based studies...... is indicated as a prophylactic treatment against respiratory syncytial virus infections in children with hemodynamically significant CHD. AIM: The aim of the study reported here was to develop and validate an algorithm to identify children with hemodynamically significant CHD according to recommendations...

  19. Ten Years’Progress of Administration Work for Registered Urban Planners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The urban planner qualification system of China was established in the year of 2000.After ten years’ progress,a team of 15,000 registered urban planners has been set up,which has become the backbone of China’s urban planning industry and has played an important role.The enhancement of the administration of registered urban planners is needed for standardizing urban planning education,accelerating the fostering of planning professionals,and keeping pace with the market economy system and the urban-rural planning in the new era.Meanwhile,it is also an important task for China’s urban planning industry to open up to the outside world and catch up with international standards.

  20. Americans Still Overestimate Social Class Mobility: A Pre-Registered Self-Replication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael W. Kraus

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Kraus and Tan (2015 hypothesized that Americans tend to overestimate social class mobility in society, and do so because they seek to protect the self. This paper reports a pre-registered exact replication of Study 3 from this original paper and finds, consistent with the original study, that Americans substantially overestimate social class mobility, that people provide greater overestimates when made while thinking of similar others, and that high perceived social class is related to greater overestimates. The current results provide additional evidence consistent with the idea that people overestimate class mobility to protect their beliefs in the promise of equality of opportunity. Discussion considers the utility of pre-registered self-replications as one tool for encouraging replication efforts and assessing the robustness of effect sizes.

  1. ASPECTS OF THEORY ON SEMIOTICS REPRESENTATIONS REGISTERS EXPRESSED BY GRADUATES IN MATHEMATICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. L. M. Freitas

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we seek to analyze responses given by a group of graduates in Natural Sciences and Mathematics, specialization in Mathematics (NSM-SM from the Federal University of Mato Grosso, Campus of Sinop, compared to a set of four episodes adapted by us from what is shown by Maranhão & Igliori (2003, Duval (2009, 2011, 2011b that deal with situations that may arise in the math educational context and that were analyzed based on Duval's theory on semiotic representation registers. Thus, the initial objective of this paper was to determine whether the interpretation given by scholars to the proposed episodes stand out the explicit or implicit way the elements of Duval's theory on semiotic representation registers. This analysis shows the lack of knowledge from graduating students about this theory, which indicates the need to approach this type of issue in order to improve the training of future teachers

  2. Breech at term--mode of delivery? A register-based study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krebs, L; Langhoff-Roos, J; Weber, Tom

    1995-01-01

    . Register-based cohort study of all (n = 15718) singleton term breech deliveries of non-malformed infants in Denmark 1982-1990. Process and outcome measures: mode of delivery, gestational age, birth weight, congenital malformations, intrapartum death, Apgar scores and early neonatal death. RESULTS. A total...... of 3247 (20.7%) term infants were delivered vaginally, 7106 (45.3%) by elective and 5356 (34.1%) by emergency cesarean section. Infants delivered vaginally and by emergency cesarean section had significantly higher rates of mortality (intrapartum and early neonatal death) and morbidity (low Apgar scores......) when compared to those delivered by elective cesarean section. In vaginal deliveries, parity was not correlated with outcome, but infants with a birth weight above 4000 grams had significantly higher rates of low Apgar scores. CONCLUSIONS. Register data on singleton term breech deliveries imply...

  3. Application of Guided Imagery to Facilitate the Transition of New Graduate Registered Nurses

    OpenAIRE

    Boehm, Laura B.; Tse, Alice M.

    2013-01-01

    Traditionally, the new graduate registered nurse (RN) transition has included a didactic and skills-based orientation accompanied by a period of preceptored practice. However, these methods do not ensure that new RNs are in a state of reduced anxiety to fully interact with their new environment. Transition to practice may cause anxiety, and the new graduate RN may perceive moderate to severe stress. One method of stress reduction is the use of guided imagery, which has shown strong potential ...

  4. Rehabilitation of faulty entries of Owership Rights and Other Deeds into the Real Estate Land Register"

    OpenAIRE

    Eflerová, Klára

    2012-01-01

    This thesis deals with faulty records of ownership rights and other proprietary rights in the property records at the Regional Office. In particular, the mechanism of error genesis in the cadastral survey, and way of its correction, analyzing legislation and its development, describes in detail the procedures for rectification of errors in the land register. It describes the particular activities and procedures of the parties in disagreement with the decision of the Cadastral Office. Specifie...

  5. ORGAN DONATION AND TRANSPLANTATION IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN 2015. 8th report of National Register

    OpenAIRE

    S. V. Gautier; S. M. Khomyakov

    2016-01-01

    Aim. To carry out monitoring of the organization and development of the organ donation and transplantation in theRussian Federationaccording to 2015.Materials and methods. Questioning of heads of all the centers of transplantation is carried out. The comparative analysis of the obtained data in dynamics by years, between certain regions of theRussian Federation, the transplantation centers is done.Results. According to the register in2015 inthe Russian Federation 36 centers of renal transplan...

  6. Quantum Simulation of Helium Hydride Cation in a Solid-State Spin Register

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Ya; Dolde, Florian; Biamonte, Jacob; Babbush, Ryan; Bergholm, Ville; Yang, Sen; Jakobi, Ingmar; Neumann, Philipp; Aspuru-Guzik, Alan; Whitfield, James D.; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2015-01-01

    \\emph{Ab initio} computation of molecular properties is one of the most promising applications of quantum computing. While this problem is widely believed to be intractable for classical computers, efficient quantum algorithms exist which have the potential to vastly accelerate research throughput in fields ranging from material science to drug discovery. Using a solid-state quantum register realized in a nitrogen-vacancy (NV) defect in diamond, we compute the bond dissociation curve of the m...

  7. Measurement errors in retrospective reports of event histories : a validation study with Finnish register data

    OpenAIRE

    Pyy-Martikainen, Marjo; Rendtel, Ulrich

    2009-01-01

    "It is well known that retrospective survey reports of event histories are affected by measurement errors. Yet little is known about the determinants of measurement errors in event history data or their effects on event history analysis. Making use of longitudinal register data linked at person-level with longitudinal survey data, we provide novel evidence about 1. type and magnitude of measurement errors in survey reports of event histories, 2. validity of classical assumptions about measure...

  8. An educational programme to facilitate reflective practice of registered nurses in training hospitals in Windhoek

    OpenAIRE

    L. N. Nelumbu; A van Dyk

    2014-01-01

    Problems or incidents occurring in clinical settings are often seen as indicators of poor nursing care and even indicators of a lack of reflective practice skills. In the hope of improving such situations a qualitative, explorative, phenomenological, descriptive and contextual approach was conducted to explore and describe how reflective practice is practised by registered nurses in training hospitals in Windhoek. The findings of this study revealed inadequate knowledge of reflective practic...

  9. The Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist: Occupational Responsibilities, Perceived Stressors, Coping Strategies, and Work Relationships

    OpenAIRE

    Perry, Tristan Roberts

    2002-01-01

    A qualitative inquiry was launched to explore occupational stress among Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs). Four research questions were posed: 1) What are the roles and responsibilities of the CRNAs as they see them? 2) What are the CRNAs perceived stressors encountered on the job? 3) What are their coping strategies related to the perceived stressors? 4) What is the relationship between CRNA job stress and interpersonal work connections? Twenty CRNAs, wit...

  10. Organ donation and transplantation in Canada: insights from the Canadian Organ Replacement Register

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sang Joseph; Fenton, Stanley SA; Kappel, Joanne; Moist, Louise M.; Klarenbach, Scott W; Samuel, Susan M; Singer, Lianne G; Kim, Daniel H.; Young, Kimberly; Webster, Greg; Wu, Juliana; Ivis, Frank; de Sa, Eric; Gill, John S.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of review To provide an overview of the transplant component of the Canadian Organ Replacement Register (CORR). Findings CORR is the national registry of organ failure in Canada. It has existed in some form since 1972 and currently houses data on patients with end-stage renal disease and solid organ transplants (kidney and/or non-kidney). The transplant component of CORR receives data on a voluntary basis from individual transplant centres and organ procurement organizations across th...

  11. Monitoring entry-level practice: keeping the national council licensure examination for registered nurses current.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendt, Anne; Kenny, Lorraine

    2007-01-01

    The National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses assesses whether a candidate has the ability to provide safe and effective nursing care upon entry into practice. It is essential that this assessment be current and relevant to nursing practice. The authors discuss methods that are used to provide evidence to support the 2007 NCLEX-RN Test Plan and to maintain the currency of the examination. PMID:17496823

  12. The Danish National Hospital Register. A valuable source of data for modern health sciences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, T F; Madsen, Mette; Jørgensen, J;

    1999-01-01

    as in collaboration with international teams, and the LPR is truly a valuable source of data for health sciences, especially in epidemiology, health services research and clinical research. Nearly complete registration of somatic hospital events in Denmark is combined with ideal conditions for longterm follow-up due....... The Danish National Hospital Register is well suited to contribute to international comparative studies with relevance for evidence-based medicine....

  13. Initiation into crime: An analysis of Norwegian register data on five cohorts

    OpenAIRE

    Galloway, Taryn Ann; Pudney, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    We construct linked register data on five Norwegian birth cohorts, covering: criminal charges after age 15; family characteristics and history up to age 15; and (for males) IQ test scores. A longitudinal analysis of the risk of initiation into crime in early adulthood suggests an increased risk for the children of young and unmarried mothers and for those experiencing disruptive family events including divorce or maternal death during childhood. There is a relationship between continuity of p...

  14. Inferences from Financial Statements of Legally Registered Mafia Firms in Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Ravenda, Diego

    2014-01-01

    In this dissertation we examine labor tax avoidance, expenses manipulation and accrual management within a sample of 224 Italian firms defined as legally registered Mafia firms (LMFs), due to having been confiscated by judicial authorities in relation to alleged connections of their owners with Italian organized crime. Based on the insights gained, we further develop a predictive model that can contribute to the detection of LMFs. Overall, our results reveal that, before being confiscated...

  15. Genotyping errors in a calibrated DNA register: implications for identification of individuals

    OpenAIRE

    Seliussen Bjørghild B; Glover Kevin A; Haaland Øystein A; Skaug Hans J

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background The use of DNA methods for the identification and management of natural resources is gaining importance. In the future, it is likely that DNA registers will play an increasing role in this development. Microsatellite markers have been the primary tool in ecological, medical and forensic genetics for the past two decades. However, these markers are characterized by genotyping errors, and display challenges with calibration between laboratories and genotyping platforms. The ...

  16. The Risk of Cancer among Taiwanese Female Registered Nurses: A Nationwide Retrospective Study

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng-Che Shen; Yu-Wen Hu; Li-Yu Hu; Chin-Lin Perng; Tung-Ping Su; Chung-Jen Teng; Sang-Hue Yen; Cheng-Hwai Tzeng; Tzeon-Jye Chiou; Chiu-Mei Yeh; Tzeng-Ji Chen; Wei-Shu Wang; Pan-Ming Chen; Chia-Jen Liu

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To evaluate the risk of cancer among Taiwanese female registered nurses (RNs) using a nationwide population-based dataset. METHODS: We recruited female RNs without antecedent cancer from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research database during 2000-2010. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of cancer were calculated. We also compared rates of Papanicolaou (Pap) smear use between the RNs and the general population matched by age and sex. RESULTS: A total of 2,077 cancers devel...

  17. Cross-Cultural Register Differences in Infant-Directed Speech: An Initial Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farran, Lama K; Lee, Chia-Cheng; Yoo, Hyunjoo; Oller, D Kimbrough

    2016-01-01

    Infant-directed speech (IDS) provides an environment that appears to play a significant role in the origins of language in the human infant. Differences have been reported in the use of IDS across cultures, suggesting different styles of infant language-learning. Importantly, both cross-cultural and intra-cultural research suggest there may be a positive relationship between the use of IDS and rates of language development, underscoring the need to investigate cultural differences more deeply. The majority of studies, however, have conceptualized IDS monolithically, granting little attention to a potentially key distinction in how IDS manifests across cultures during the first two years. This study examines and quantifies for the first time differences within IDS in the use of baby register (IDS/BR), an acoustically identifiable type of IDS that includes features such as high pitch, long duration, and smooth intonation (the register that is usually assumed to occur in IDS), and adult register (IDS/AR), the type of IDS that does not include such features and thus sounds as if it could have been addressed to an adult. We studied IDS across 19 American and 19 Lebanese mother-infant dyads, with particular focus on the differential use of registers within IDS as mothers interacted with their infants ages 0-24 months. Our results showed considerable usage of IDS/AR (>30% of utterances) and a tendency for Lebanese mothers to use more IDS than American mothers. Implications for future research on IDS and its role in elucidating how language evolves across cultures are explored. PMID:26981626

  18. Does It Pay Firms to Register for Taxes? The Impact of Formality on Firm Profitability

    OpenAIRE

    McKenzie, David; Sakho, Yaye Seynabou

    2007-01-01

    This paper estimates the impact of registering for taxes on firm profits in Bolivia, the country with the highest levels of informality in Latin America. A new survey of micro and small firms enables the authors to control for a rich set of measures of owner ability and business motivations that can affect both profits and the decision to formalize. The paper identifies the impact of tax r...

  19. Staying Longer on Unemployment Register in Russia: Lack of Education, Bad Luck or Something Else?

    OpenAIRE

    Irina Denisova

    2001-01-01

    Using individual-level data on registered unemployed collected by the Federal Employment Service in Voronezh province of Russia (1996-2000), we test some basic hypotheses on the influence of individual attributes (gender and education, in particular), working history, the specifics of the regulatory framework, and regional labor market characteristics on the hazard ratios, and hence, on duration of unemployment. We obtain empirical support for gender and educational differentials in unemploym...

  20. Cross-Cultural Register Differences in Infant-Directed Speech: An Initial Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lama K Farran

    Full Text Available Infant-directed speech (IDS provides an environment that appears to play a significant role in the origins of language in the human infant. Differences have been reported in the use of IDS across cultures, suggesting different styles of infant language-learning. Importantly, both cross-cultural and intra-cultural research suggest there may be a positive relationship between the use of IDS and rates of language development, underscoring the need to investigate cultural differences more deeply. The majority of studies, however, have conceptualized IDS monolithically, granting little attention to a potentially key distinction in how IDS manifests across cultures during the first two years. This study examines and quantifies for the first time differences within IDS in the use of baby register (IDS/BR, an acoustically identifiable type of IDS that includes features such as high pitch, long duration, and smooth intonation (the register that is usually assumed to occur in IDS, and adult register (IDS/AR, the type of IDS that does not include such features and thus sounds as if it could have been addressed to an adult. We studied IDS across 19 American and 19 Lebanese mother-infant dyads, with particular focus on the differential use of registers within IDS as mothers interacted with their infants ages 0-24 months. Our results showed considerable usage of IDS/AR (>30% of utterances and a tendency for Lebanese mothers to use more IDS than American mothers. Implications for future research on IDS and its role in elucidating how language evolves across cultures are explored.