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Sample records for brazilian mato grosso

  1. Mortalidade materna e sua interface com a raça em Mato Grosso Maternal mortality and race in the Brazilian State of Mato Grosso

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    Neuma Zamariano Fanaia Teixeira

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: analisar a correlação entre óbitos maternos e raça/cor no Estado de Mato Grosso entre os anos de 2000 a 2006. MÉTODOS: estudo epidemiológico com base nos dados da Declaração de Óbitos, DATASUS e SIM/SES-MT, que propiciaram a análise da série histórica entre esses anos. Relacionou-se raça/cor das mulheres que foram a óbito por causas maternas com as variáveis idade, escolaridade, estado civil, causa básica de óbito e tipo de causa obstétrica. Utilizaram-se teste de Χ2 e odds ratio. RESULTADOS: o teste Χ2 evidenciou associação significativa entre raça/cor e morte materna, ao nível de significância de 95%. A odds ratio apontou uma razão de chances dessas mortes 5,13 vezes maior para mulheres pretas e 5,71 para indígenas, comparadas às mulheres brancas. "Transtornos hipertensivos da gravidez, parto/puerpério" foram a principal causa de óbito materno para as afrodescendentes e pardas; respectivamente 45,4% e 29,93%. As indígenas morreram mais pelas "complicações do trabalho de parto/parto" com 27,2%. Das mulheres brancas, 30,7% morreram por "outras complicações obstétricas não classificadas em outras causas". CONCLUSÕES: em todo Mato Grosso as mortes maternas por causas obstétricas diretas pervaleceu entre mulheres pretas e indígenas.OBJECTIVES: to examine the correlation between maternal mortality rates and race/color in the Brazilian State of Mato Grosso between 2000 and 2006. METHODS: an epidemiological study was carried out using the death certificates, DATASUS and SIM/SES-MT to provide a time series for these years. The race/color of the women who died during childbirth was related to the variables age, level of education, marital status, primary cause of death and type of obstetric cause. In combination with the Χ2 test and the odds rati were used. RESULTS: the Χ2 test showed a significant association between race/color and maternal mortality, with a level of significance of 95%. The odds

  2. Hourly interaction between wind speed and energy fluxes in Brazilian Wetlands - Mato Grosso - Brazil

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    THIAGO R. RODRIGUES

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Matter and energy flux dynamics of wetlands are important to understand environmental processes that govern biosphere-atmosphere interactions across ecosystems. This study presents analyses about hourly interaction between wind speed and energy fluxes in Brazilian Wetlands - Mato Grosso - Brazil. This study was conducted in Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (PRNH SESC, 16º39'50''S; 56º47'50''W in Brazilian Wetland. According to Curado et al. (2012, the wet season occurs between the months of January and April, while the June to September time period is the dry season. Results presented same patterns in energies fluxes in all period studied. Wind speed and air temperature presented same patterns, while LE was relative humidity presented inverse patterns of the air temperature. LE was predominant in all seasons and the sum of LE and H was above 90% of net radiation. Analyses of linear regression presented positive interactions between wind speed and LE, and wind speed and H in all seasons, except in dry season of 2010. Confidence coefficient regression analyses present statistical significance in all wet and dry seasons, except dry season of 2010, suggest that LE and H had interaction with other micrometeorological variables.

  3. OCCURRENCE OF AGGREGATIBACTER ACTINOMYCETEMCOMITANS IN BRAZILIAN INDIANS FROM UMUTINA RESERVATION, MATO GROSSO, BRAZIL

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    Vieira, Evanice Menezes Marçal; Raslan, Suzane A.; Wahasugui, Thais Cristina; Avila-Campos, Mario Julio; Marvulle, Valdecir; Gaetti-Jardim, Elerson

    2009-01-01

    A ggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans is associated with periodontal disease, especially localized aggressive periodontitis, produces a potent leukotoxin and its distribution is influenced by ethnic characteristics of the population. Objective: Using culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques, this study evaluated the occurrence of this microorganism and the distribution of leukotoxic strains isolated from Indians belonging to the Umutima Reservation, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Material and Methods: Forty-eight native Brazilians with gingivitis and 38 with chronic periodontitis, belonging to Umutina, Paresi, Bororo, Bakairi, Kayabi, Irantxe, Nambikwara and Terena ethnicities, were studied. Subgingival, supragingival and saliva samples of each patient were collected and transferred to VMGA III medium and to ultra pure Milli Q water. Bacteria were grown on TSBV agar and incubated in anaerobiosis (90% N2 + 10% CO2) at 37°C for 72 h. The presence of the ltx promoter was determined by PCR, and a 530 bp deletion in the promoter was evaluated by using specific primers. Results: A. actinomycetemcomitans was isolated from 8.33% of saliva, supragingival and subgingival samples from patients with gingivitis and from 18.42% of saliva and supragingival biofilm, and 26.32% subgingival biofilm from patients with chronic periodontitis. By PCR, the bacterial DNA was detected in 8.33% of saliva, supragingival and subgingival biofilms from patients with gingivitis and from 23.68% of saliva, 28.95% supragingival biofilm and 34.21% subgingival biofilm from patients with periodontitis. All strains were grouped as non-JP2 clones based on the absence of deletion in the leukotoxin promoter. Differences among the microbial and clinical parameters in patients were analyzed by using the Mann-Whitney, Chi-square or Fisher's exact tests. Conclusions: The present results suggest that A. actinomycetemcomitans can be related to the attachment loss in this population, but the presence of

  4. Defending public interests in private lands: compliance, costs and potential environmental consequences of the Brazilian Forest Code in Mato Grosso

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    Stickler, Claudia M.; Nepstad, Daniel C.; Azevedo, Andrea A.; McGrath, David G.

    2013-01-01

    Land-use regulations are a critical component of forest governance and conservation strategies, but their effectiveness in shaping landholder behaviour is poorly understood. We conducted a spatial and temporal analysis of the Brazilian Forest Code (BFC) to understand the patterns of regulatory compliance over time and across changes in the policy, and the implications of these compliance patterns for the perceived costs to landholders and environmental performance of agricultural landscapes in the southern Amazon state of Mato Grosso. Landholdings tended to remain in compliance or not according to their status at the beginning of the study period. The perceived economic burden of BFC compliance on soya bean and beef producers (US$3–5.6 billion in net present value of the land) may in part explain the massive, successful campaign launched by the farm lobby to change the BFC. The ecological benefits of compliance (e.g. greater connectivity and carbon) with the BFC are diffuse and do not compete effectively with the economic benefits of non-compliance that are perceived by landholders. Volatile regulation of land-use decisions that affect billions in economic rent that could be captured is an inadequate forest governance instrument; effectiveness of such regulations may increase when implemented in tandem with positive incentives for forest conservation. PMID:23610168

  5. Decreasing Deforestation in the Southern Brazilian Amazon—The Role of Administrative Sanctions in Mato Grosso State

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    Paulo Queiroz Sousa

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Forest conservation efforts through regulatory enforcement routinely failed to prevent large scale deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon. However, a turning point occurred in 2005, when a combination of unfavorable economic conditions and an unprecedented coordinated effort between governmental institutions resulted in a gradual slowdown in deforestation. The continuation of this deforestation slowdown in an environment of economic recovery and expansion after 2009 suggests that regulatory enforcement achieved a measure of success not experienced before. In this study, the impact of fines, embargoes on rural private properties, and confiscation of means of production and produce on deforestation in the Southern Amazon state of Mato Grosso was considered through regression and GIS-based analyses. It was found that while all three sanctions were negatively correlated with deforestation, there were important differences in their level of enforcement. Embargoes were effectively implemented and showed high deforestation deterrence effectiveness, but the actual collection of the values of fines issued was extremely low, which casts doubts on their actual effectiveness as a deforestation deterrence mechanism. The results suggest that while sanctions for illegal deforestation have played an important role in the slowdown in deforestation, measures to increase the collection of fines issued are urgently needed.

  6. Patterns of Woody Growth for Brazilian Savanna (Cerrado) Trees in the Cuiaba Basin and Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Zappia, A. J.; Vourlitis, G. L.; Pinto-Jr, O. B.

    2015-12-01

    The Brazilian savanna, locally known as cerrado, is a major ecosystem that covers a vast majority of central Brazil. Little is known about how woody growth within the cerrado is affected by soil properties such as texture and/or nutrient availability. Thus, in this study we assessed the relationship between woody growth and soil properties in the Cuiaba Basin and Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. We sampled 4-5 vegetation stands in each site that varied in hydrology, soil type, and vegetation composition and structure, and measured diameter at breast height, wood density, and soil nutrient concentration and physical properties every 5-10 m along a 100 m long transect. We hypothesized that as tree diameter at breast height increases, annual tree growth rate will decrease and that woody carbon (C) storage will increase as a function of soil nutrient availability. Our preliminary data support our hypotheses. Tree growth rates declined with tree size in both the Cuiaba Basin and the Pantanal. Rates of woody C storage, both on a per tree basis (kgC tree-1 year-1) and on a per unit ground area basis (kgC m-2 year-1) were significantly positively correlated with soil extractable phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca), and clay content, while only woody C storage on a per tree basis was positively correlated with potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), and cation exchange capacity (CEC). These data suggest that rates of woody C storage in cerrado are nutrient limited, while correspondence between C storage and soil physical properties could indicate both nutrient and water limitations to C storage.

  7. LBA-ECO LC-22 Post-deforestation Land Use, Mato Grosso, Brazil: 2001-2005

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    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set provides (1) areal estimates of deforestation events (>25 ha) that were identified from 2001-2004 in Mato Grosso by the Brazilian Institute for...

  8. LBA-ECO LC-22 Post-deforestation Land Use, Mato Grosso, Brazil: 2001-2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ABSTRACT: This data set provides (1) areal estimates of deforestation events (>25 ha) that were identified from 2001-2004 in Mato Grosso by the Brazilian...

  9. LBA-ECO LC-39 Modeled Carbon Flux from Deforestation, Mato Grosso, Brazil: 2000-2006

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    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set contains modeled estimates of carbon flux, biomass, and annual burning emissions across the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso from 2000-2006. The model,...

  10. LBA-ECO LC-39 Modeled Carbon Flux from Deforestation, Mato Grosso, Brazil: 2000-2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ABSTRACT: This data set contains modeled estimates of carbon flux, biomass, and annual burning emissions across the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso from 2000-2006....

  11. Sleep habits in native Brazilian Terena children in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil Hábitos de dormir da criança indígena Terena no Mato Grosso do Sul

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    RUBENS REIMÃO

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Sleep habits in childhood vary in function of physiologcal factors.Cultural traits also influence sleep habits. This research evaluates sleep habits of Native Brazilian Terena children. The Terena group here studied live in the central region of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, on the plains; they are peaceful and dedicated mainly to agriculture. Two villages were studied, Tereré and Córrego do Meio, both in Reservations. Sleep characteristics of 67 children (40M;27F, 2 to 10 year olds, were evaluated in interviews with their mothers. The results evidenced that cosleeping, in the same bed with family members is the standard Terena pattern present in every evaluated child. The presence of two or more beds and a mean of five or more people in each bedroom was the typical finding. The authors propose that cosleeping and the presence of numerous family members reflect the high values attributed to family links in the Terena culture.Os hábitos de dormir variam, na infância, em função de fatores fisiológicos e sofrem influências culturais. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar os hábitos de dormir da criança indígena Terena, no Mato Grosso do Sul. Duas aldeias foram estudadas, Tereré e Córrego do Meio, ambas em reservas indígenas. As características do sono de 67 crianças (40 M; 27 F, de 2 a 10 anos de idade, foram pesquisadas por meio de entrevistas com as mães. Resultou que o hábito de dormir junto (cosleeping na mesma cama, com os familiares, foi o padrão mais característico, sendo encontrado em todas as crianças avaliadas. Presença de duas ou mais camas e média de cinco ou mais pessoas no mesmo quarto foram achados típicos. Os autores propõem que dormir junto com familiares, e a presença de numerosos membros da mesma família no mesmo quarto, refletem os valores atribuídos a elos familiares na cultura Terena.

  12. Herpetofauna, Ponte de Pedra Hydroelectric Power Plant, states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Silva Jr., N. J.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a check list of amphibians and reptiles of the area under influence of Ponte de Pedra hydroelectricpower plant on Correntes River (municipality of Sonora, between the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso do Sul and MatoGrosso. The list was the result of collecting efforts of a Faunal Program (inventory, rescue, and monitoring carried outbetween November 2003 and April 2005. The list comprises 2 orders (Gymnophiona and Anura, 7 families(Caeciliidae, Bufonidae, Cycloramphidae, Hylidae, Leiuperidae, and Leptodactylidae 14 genera, and 33 species ofamphibians and 3 orders (Testudines, Crocodylia, and Squamata, 20 families (Chelidae, Testudinidae, Alligatoridae,Amphisbaenidae, Anguidae, Gekkonidae, Phyllodactylidae, Gymnophtalmidae, Hoplocercidae, Polychrotidae,Scincidae, Teiidae, Tropiduridae, Anomalepididae, Leptotyphlopidae, Typhlopidae, Boidae, Colubridae, Elapidae, andViperidae, 51 genera, and 72 species of reptiles.

  13. Energy intensities in Mato Grosso state and in meso-regions; Intensidades energeticas nas mesorregioes de Mato Grosso

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    Canavarros, Otacilio Borges; Melo, Moises Candido de; Dorileo, Ivo Leandro [Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT), Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Estudos em Planejamento Energetico (NIEPE)

    2004-07-01

    This work presents some energetic intensities in Mato Grosso state and in each of its five meso-regions that are in the document produced in 2002 by the NIPE/UFMT (Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Estudos em Planejamento Energetico of the Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso) entitled: 'Energetic Balance of the Mato Grosso and meso-regions: period 1995-2001'. (author)

  14. Sources of growth of bovine meat exports from Mato Grosso from 1996 to 2010

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    Josiane de Oliveira

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to analyze the competiveness of the Mato Grosso bovine meat in view of the international market through researching the factors that most influenced the performance of the Mato Grosso bovine meat exports from 1996 to 2010. Specifically, the aim was to verify if the Mato Grosso bovine meat contains competitive sustainable advantages to maintain its international market position and if it is possible to increase its market share. To do so, a comparison of the competitiveness of bovine meat export of Mato Grosso was performed. Also, the competitiveness of the Brazilian meat exports was compared with that of other main exporters of this product, namely, Australia, Argentina and the United States through the use of the Constant Market Share Model (CMS. The obtained results of CMS with respect to Mato Grosso made it possible to verify that competitiveness was not a dominant factor throughout the whole period and that Mato Grosso will be able to maintain its position in the world market and expand its market share further. These results are caused by the destination of the exports and the increase of global trade rather than competitiveness.

  15. Sleep characteristics in children in the isolated rural African-Brazilian descendant community of Furnas do Dionísio, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

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    Reimão, R; de Souza, J C; Gaudioso, C E; Guerra, H da C; Alves A das, C; Oliveira, J C; Gnobie, N C; Silvério, D C

    1999-09-01

    Developmental and cultural factors affect sleep habits in childhood. The objective of this research was to determine sleep habits of children in the isolated rural African-Brazilian community of Furnas do Dionísio. Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The members of this community are closely related descendants of the ex-slave Dionísio, and remained in relative geographical isolation for about a century. Sleep characteristics of 55 children (35 M; 20 F), 2 to 10 year olds, were evaluated in interviews with their mothers. The results showed that cosleeping, in the same bed with family members, was present in 80.0% of the 2-3 year olds; decreasing to 25.0% of the 8-10 year olds. Only 5.4% of the children slept alone in their own bedroom. Mean number of persons per bedroom was 2.8. Only 7.0% of the bedrooms had TV; 98.1% slept in silence. The data obtained support the need to weigh cultural factors influence on sleep.

  16. Export-oriented deforestation in Mato Grosso: harbinger or exception for other tropical forests?

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    DeFries, R.; Herold, M.; Verchot, L.; Macedo, M.N.; Shimabukuro, Y.

    2013-01-01

    The Brazilian state of Mato Grosso was a global deforestation hotspot in the early 2000s. Deforested land is used predominantly to produce meat for distal consumption either through cattle ranching or soya bean for livestock feed. Deforestation declined dramatically in the latter part of the decade

  17. Export-oriented deforestation in Mato Grosso: harbinger or exception for other tropical forests?

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    DeFries, Ruth; Herold, Martin; Verchot, Louis; Macedo, Marcia N.; Shimabukuro, Yosio

    2013-01-01

    The Brazilian state of Mato Grosso was a global deforestation hotspot in the early 2000s. Deforested land is used predominantly to produce meat for distal consumption either through cattle ranching or soya bean for livestock feed. Deforestation declined dramatically in the latter part of the decade through a combination of market forces, policies, enforcement and improved monitoring. This study assesses how representative the national-level drivers underlying Mato Grosso's export-oriented deforestation are in other tropical forest countries based on agricultural exports, commercial agriculture and urbanization. We also assess how pervasive the governance and technical monitoring capacity that enabled Mato Grosso's decline in deforestation is in other countries. We find that between 41 and 54 per cent of 2000–2005 deforestation in tropical forest countries (other than Brazil) occurred in countries with drivers similar to Brazil. Very few countries had national-level governance and capacity similar to Brazil. Results suggest that the ecological, hydrological and social consequences of land-use change for export-oriented agriculture as discussed in this Theme Issue were applicable in about one-third of all tropical forest countries in 2000–2005. However, the feasibility of replicating Mato Grosso's success with controlling deforestation is more limited. Production landscapes to support distal consumption similar to Mato Grosso are likely to become more prevalent and are unlikely to follow a land-use transition model with increasing forest cover. PMID:23610176

  18. Export-oriented deforestation in Mato Grosso: harbinger or exception for other tropical forests?

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    DeFries, Ruth; Herold, Martin; Verchot, Louis; Macedo, Marcia N; Shimabukuro, Yosio

    2013-06-05

    The Brazilian state of Mato Grosso was a global deforestation hotspot in the early 2000s. Deforested land is used predominantly to produce meat for distal consumption either through cattle ranching or soya bean for livestock feed. Deforestation declined dramatically in the latter part of the decade through a combination of market forces, policies, enforcement and improved monitoring. This study assesses how representative the national-level drivers underlying Mato Grosso's export-oriented deforestation are in other tropical forest countries based on agricultural exports, commercial agriculture and urbanization. We also assess how pervasive the governance and technical monitoring capacity that enabled Mato Grosso's decline in deforestation is in other countries. We find that between 41 and 54 per cent of 2000-2005 deforestation in tropical forest countries (other than Brazil) occurred in countries with drivers similar to Brazil. Very few countries had national-level governance and capacity similar to Brazil. Results suggest that the ecological, hydrological and social consequences of land-use change for export-oriented agriculture as discussed in this Theme Issue were applicable in about one-third of all tropical forest countries in 2000-2005. However, the feasibility of replicating Mato Grosso's success with controlling deforestation is more limited. Production landscapes to support distal consumption similar to Mato Grosso are likely to become more prevalent and are unlikely to follow a land-use transition model with increasing forest cover.

  19. Checklist of mammals from Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Walfrido Moraes Tomas

    Full Text Available Abstract We updated the checklist of mammals from Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil based on primary records only. One hundred and sixty-six mammal species were listed as occurring in the state, 47 of them being medium to large, 47 small mammal and 73 bat species. The listed species are distributed in 31 families: Didelphidae (17 spp., Dasypodidae (7 spp., Myrmecophagidae (2 spp., Cebidae (1 sp., Callithrichidae (2 spp., Aotidae (1 sp., Pitheciidae (1 sp., Atelidae (1 sp., Leporidae (1 sp., Felidae (7 spp., Canidae (4 spp., Mustelidae (5 spp., Mephitidae (2 spp., Procyonidae (2 spp., Tapiridae (1 sp., Tayassuidae (2 spp., Cervidae (4 spp., Sciuridae (1 sp., Cricetidae (22 spp., Erethizontidae (1 sp., Caviidae (3 spp., Dasyproctidae (1 sp., Cuniculidae (1 sp., Echimyidae (4 spp., Phyllostomidae (41 spp., Emballonuridae (2 spp., Molossidae (16 spp., Vespertilionidae (9 spp., Mormoopidae (1 sp., Noctilionidae (2 spp., and Natalidade (1 sp.. These numbers represent an increase of fourteen species with primary records for the state in comparison with the previously published checklist. However, it is evident the scarcity of information at several regions of the state, and the need of implementation of regional zoological collections. The state of Mato Grosso do Sul represent only 4.19% of the Brazilian territory, but the number of mammal species reach 24.13% of the known species occurring in the country.

  20. O trabalho de Sísifo: "escravidão por dívida" na indústria extrativa da erva-mate (Mato Grosso, 1890-1945 The work of Sisifo: slavery for debt in the extractive industry of Brazilian tea (Mato Grosso, 1890-1945

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    Isabel Cristina Martins Guillen

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Para além de uma explicação que se apóie na racionalidade da reprodução do capital, este artigo objetiva discutir a persistência da escravidão por dívidas no Brasil republicano como o resultado de nossa cultura política que destitui o trabalhador rural de direitos sociais e não lhe reconhece o estatuto de cidadão. Ao analisar as formas de trabalho coercitivo, dominantes na indústria extrativa da erva-mate em Mato Grosso na primeira metade do século XX, pode-se perceber que a escravidão por dívida atua como uma estratégia de manutenção da mão-de-obra em condições de trabalho insalubres e que proporcionam péssimas condições de vida. Ao mesmo tempo, ao escolher analisar a história dos ervais sul mato-grossenses objetivou-se proporciona ao leitor a visibilidade para compreender a escravidão por dívidas em todo o país.Beyond an explanation that supports itself in the rationality of capital reproduction, this article objectifies to discuss the persistence of slavery for debt in republican Brazil as the result of our political culture, which destitute the rural worker of social rights and fails to acknowledge him the statute of citizen. Analyzing the forms of compulsory work dominants in the extractive industry of Brazilian tea in Mato Grosso in the first half of the 20th century, one can realize that the slavery for debt acts as a strategy for maintenance of labor power in insalubrious working conditions which offers awful life conditions. At the same time, the choice to analyze the history of herbals in south Mato Grosso presents the reader to how invisible slavery for debt has been all over the country.

  1. Chlorophyta filamentosas do município de Cáceres e arredores, Mato Grosso, Brasil: uma contribuição ao seu conhecimento Filamentous Chlorophyta from the Cáceres region, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Izabel Cristina Alves Dias

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available São descritas, comentadas e ilustradas 12 espécies de Chlorophyta filamentosas coletadas durante a II Expedição do Programa Polonoroeste/Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico/Museu Nacional da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro à região de Cáceres e arredores, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Do total de espécies apresentadas neste trabalho nove constituem primeiras citações de ocorrência no Estado de Mato Grosso e seis no Brasil.Twelve species of filamentous Chlorophyta from the municipality of Cáceres and surroundings, state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, are described, illustrated, and discussed. Nine species were documented for the first time for Mato Grosso, and six for the Brazilian territory.

  2. [Migration and Hansen's disease in Mato Grosso].

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    Magalhães, Maria da Conceição Cavalcanti; dos Santos, Emerson Soares; de Queiroz, Maria de Lourdes; de Lima, Messias Lucas; Borges, Rita Christina Martins; Souza, Maria Silva; Ramos, Alberto Novaes

    2011-09-01

    Studies on medical geography about leprosy discuss the role of the detailed report of the occupation of the territories as a basis of the permanence of leprosy focus. In Brazil, the states that present the highest rates of detection historically are in the Amazon region, which shows an uneven regional evolution of the disease. This paper analyzes the evolution of leprosy contextualizing the migratory processes that occurred in the State of Mato Grosso since the second half of the 20th century. The economic dynamism that occurred in the State in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s caused population growth rates higher than the national average. The data analyzed permitted an association between the evolution of leprosy and the process of occupation of the mato-grossense territory. However, the permanence of leprosy in the municipalities of the Baixada Cuiabana, as well as in other municipalities that lost population, seem to point to the existence of geographic contexts of different vulnerability to the social production of the disease in the tate. The migration would explain the appearance and evolution of leprosy. However, we consider that the maintenance of the endemic can be associated to contextual factors related to environment.

  3. Líquens de Piraputanga, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Lichens of Piraputanga, Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil

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    Mariana Fleig

    1991-07-01

    Full Text Available Foram identificadas 72 espécies de liquens coletados em Piraputanga, município de Aquidauana; 23 taxa são registradas pela primeira vez para o estado do Mato Grosso do Sul.There are identified 72 species of lichens from Piraputanga, Aquidauana municipality; 23 taxa are reported for the first time for Mato Grosso do Sul State.

  4. An integrated remote sensing and GIS approach for monitoring areas affected by selective logging: A case study in northern Mato Grosso, Brazilian Amazon.

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    Grecchi, Rosana Cristina; Beuchle, René; Shimabukuro, Yosio Edemir; Aragão, Luiz E O C; Arai, Egidio; Simonetti, Dario; Achard, Frédéric

    2017-09-01

    Forest cover disturbances due to processes such as logging and forest fires are a widespread issue especially in the tropics, and have heavily affected forest biomass and functioning in the Brazilian Amazon in the past decades. Satellite remote sensing has played a key role for assessing logging activities in this region; however, there are still remaining challenges regarding the quantification and monitoring of these processes affecting forested lands. In this study, we propose a new method for monitoring areas affected by selective logging in one of the hotspots of Mato Grosso state in the Brazilian Amazon, based on a combination of object-based and pixel-based classification approaches applied on remote sensing data. Logging intensity and changes over time are assessed within grid cells of 300 m × 300 m spatial resolution. Our method encompassed three main steps: (1) mapping forest/non-forest areas through an object-based classification approach applied to a temporal series of Landsat images during the period 2000-2015, (2) mapping yearly logging activities from soil fraction images on the same Landsat data series, and (3) integrating information from previous steps within a regular grid-cell of 300 m × 300 m in order to monitor disturbance intensities over this 15-years period. The overall accuracy of the baseline forest/non-forest mask (year 2000) and of the undisturbed vs disturbed forest (for selected years) were 93% and 84% respectively. Our results indicate that annual forest disturbance rates, mainly due to logging activities, were higher than annual deforestation rates during the whole period of study. The deforested areas correspond to circa 25% of the areas affected by forest disturbances. Deforestation rates were highest from 2001 to 2005 and then decreased considerably after 2006. In contrast, the annual forest disturbance rates show high temporal variability with a slow decrease over the 15-year period, resulting in a significant increase

  5. An integrated remote sensing and GIS approach for monitoring areas affected by selective logging: A case study in northern Mato Grosso, Brazilian Amazon

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    Grecchi, Rosana Cristina; Beuchle, René; Shimabukuro, Yosio Edemir; Aragão, Luiz E. O. C.; Arai, Egidio; Simonetti, Dario; Achard, Frédéric

    2017-09-01

    Forest cover disturbances due to processes such as logging and forest fires are a widespread issue especially in the tropics, and have heavily affected forest biomass and functioning in the Brazilian Amazon in the past decades. Satellite remote sensing has played a key role for assessing logging activities in this region; however, there are still remaining challenges regarding the quantification and monitoring of these processes affecting forested lands. In this study, we propose a new method for monitoring areas affected by selective logging in one of the hotspots of Mato Grosso state in the Brazilian Amazon, based on a combination of object-based and pixel-based classification approaches applied on remote sensing data. Logging intensity and changes over time are assessed within grid cells of 300 m × 300 m spatial resolution. Our method encompassed three main steps: (1) mapping forest/non-forest areas through an object-based classification approach applied to a temporal series of Landsat images during the period 2000-2015, (2) mapping yearly logging activities from soil fraction images on the same Landsat data series, and (3) integrating information from previous steps within a regular grid-cell of 300 m × 300 m in order to monitor disturbance intensities over this 15-years period. The overall accuracy of the baseline forest/non-forest mask (year 2000) and of the undisturbed vs disturbed forest (for selected years) were 93% and 84% respectively. Our results indicate that annual forest disturbance rates, mainly due to logging activities, were higher than annual deforestation rates during the whole period of study. The deforested areas correspond to circa 25% of the areas affected by forest disturbances. Deforestation rates were highest from 2001 to 2005 and then decreased considerably after 2006. In contrast, the annual forest disturbance rates show high temporal variability with a slow decrease over the 15-year period, resulting in a significant increase of the

  6. LBA-ECO LC-22 Land Cover from MODIS Vegetation Indices, Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set, LBA-ECO LC-22 Land Cover from MODIS Vegetation Indices, Mato Grosso, Brazil, provides land cover classifications for Mato Grosso, Brazil, for the...

  7. The Paradox of Water Abundance in Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Schulz

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available While much effort has gone into studying the causes and consequences of water scarcity, the concept of water abundance has received considerably less attention in academic literature. Here, we aim to address this gap by providing a case study on the perceptions and political implications of water abundance in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso. Combining a political ecology perspective on contemporary water governance (empirically based on stakeholder interviews with members of the state’s water sector with an overview of the environmental history of this hydrosocial territory, we argue, first, that water abundance has become a foundational element of Mato Grosso’s identity, situated in the wider context of natural resource abundance more generally and second, that water abundance today is a contested concept witnessing discursive struggles around its political implications and meaning. More specifically, there is a clash between the dominant conceptualisation of water abundance as a foundation for rich economic, ecological, social, and cultural values and benefits, often espoused by members of the political and economic elite, e.g., for marketing purposes, and a more critical but less widespread conceptualisation of water abundance as a source of carelessness, lack of awareness, and poor water governance, typically put forth by more informed technical staff of the public sector and civil society activists. By providing a distinct treatment and discussion of the concept of water abundance, our research has relevance for other water-rich regions beyond the immediate regional context.

  8. Assessment of the current state of biodiversity data for butterflies and skippers in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil ( Lepidoptera , Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea )

    OpenAIRE

    Queiroz-Santos,Luziany; Dias, Fernando Maia Silva; Dell'Erba, Rafael; Casagrande, Mirna Martins; Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendik

    2016-01-01

    Lepidoptera is one of the four megadiverse insect orders, comprising butterflies and moths. In Brazil, the bulk of knowledge about the butterfly fauna is restricted to some areas in the southeast of the country, with large gaps of knowledge in other areas. The state of Mato Grosso is one of the largest states in Brazil, and holds three of the main Brazilian biomes: Amazon rain forest, Cerrado and Pantanal. However, knowledge about Mato Grosso butterflies is fragmented and restri...

  9. Sleep characteristics in children in the isolated rural African-Brazilian descendant community of Furnas do Dionísio, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil Características do sono da criança na comunidade negra rural isolada de Furnas do Dionísio no Mato Grosso do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RUBENS REIMÃO

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available Developmental and cultural factors affect sleep habits in childhood. The objective of this research was to determine sleep habits of children in the isolated rural African-Brazilian community of Furnas do Dionísio, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The members of this community are closely related descendants of the ex-slave Dionísio, and remained in relative geographical isolation for about a century. Sleep characteristics of 55 children (35M; 20F, 2 to 10 year olds, were evaluated in interviews with their mothers. The results showed that cosleeping, in the same bed with family members, was present in 80.0% of the 2-3 year olds; decreasing to 25.0% of the 8-10 year olds. Only 5.4% of the children slept alone in their own bedroom. Mean number of persons per bedroom was 2.8. Only 7.0% of the bedrooms had TV; 98.1% slept in silence. The data obtained support the need to weigh cultural factors influence on sleep.Hábitos de dormir da criança sofrem influências fisiológicas e culturais. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi verificar os hábitos de dormir da criança da comunidade negra rural e isolada de Furnas do Dionísio, no Mato Grosso do Sul. A comunidade é composta dos membros de uma mesma família, descendentes do ex-escravo Dionísio, mantida por cerca de um século em isolamento geográfico relativo. As características de 55 crianças (35 M; 20 F, de 2 a 10 anos de idade, foram pesquisadas através de entrevistas com as mães. Resultou que o hábito de dormir junto (cosleeping estava presente em 80,0 % aos 2-3 anos; reduzindo a 25,0 % aos 8-10 anos. Apenas 5,4% dormiam sozinhas em seu quarto. A média de pessoas por quarto foi 2,8. Apenas 7,0 % dos quartos tinham televisão; 98,1% eram silenciosos. Os resultados apóiam a necessidade de determinar a influência de fatores étnicos no sono.

  10. Ranching modernization in tropical Brazil: foreign investment and environment in Mato Grosso, 1900-1950.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcox, Robert W

    2008-01-01

    Accompanying the expansion of modern beef production in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries were technologies and methods that proponents assumed were applicable to all ecosystems. successes in Europe, the United States, and Argentina convinced ranchers, investors, and animal scientists that these could be applied in the tropical Americas with ease. This assumption contributed to a wave of foreign ranching investment in semi-tropical Mato Grosso, Brazil, beginning in the early twentieth century. However, such a view failed to consider the specific characteristics of such environments and led to difficulties for several ventures and a re-evaluation of the relationship between ecosystems and the type of ranching appropriate to them. Ultimately, local Brazilian practice and experimentation proved more successful in tropical and semi-tropical Brazil, forcing foreign ranching concerns to adapt their techniques. Following the logic of earlier decades, more recently cattle-raising practices developed in Mato Grosso and similar regions have been applied in the tropical Amazon, resulting in widespread ecological devastation. The uneven experiences of foreign entrepreneurs in Mato Grosso offer valuable lessons for understanding the application of modernization technologies to diverse ecosystems; such knowledge can lead to a more sustainable approach to meat production.

  11. Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Godoi, M. N.; Čapek, Miroslav; Pivatto, M. A. C.; Literák, I.; Kokeš, J.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 19, č. 3 (2011), s. 428-433 ISSN 0103-5657 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : Tityra semifasciata * Masked Tityra * new records * Mato Grosso do Sul * South America Subject RIV: EG - Zoology Impact factor: 0.134, year: 2011 http://www.ararajuba.org.br/sbo/ararajuba/artigos/Volume193/ccount/click.php?id=19

  12. Characterization of entomogen galls from Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Maria Virginia Urso-Guimarães

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In this paper we performed a study of occurrence and characterization of entomogen galls from natural vegetation areas in Mato Grosso do Sul. We surveyed natural areas of four biomes from Mato Grosso do Sul State: Pantanal (Corumbá, Atlantic Forest (Bodoquena, Cerrado (Aquidauana, and Chaco (Porto Murtinho. We identified 186 morphotypes of galls in 115 host plant species from 35 families and 73 genera. The richest families were Fabaceae (N = 34, Sapindaceae (N = 24, Bignoniaceae (N = 17, and Myrtaceae (N = 15. Fifty morphotypes of insects (27% were found in galls of 38 host plants, 78% of which belongs to Diptera, 10% to Hymenoptera, and the other 12% are divided among Hemiptera, Thysanoptera, Coleoptera, and Lepidoptera. In this study, the geographic distribution of gall morphotypes associated to the cecidomyiids Youngomyia pouteriae Maia, 2004, and Trotteria quadridentata Maia, 2004 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, and the wasp Mononeuron duguetiae Fischer, 1981 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Doryctinae are expanded to the localities sampled in MS. In addition, four genera and 24 species of plants were recorded for the first time as hosts to entomogen galls. All occurrences of Cecidomyiidae in Mato Grosso do Sul's localities are new records for this family.

  13. Brief analysis of the energy matrix in the state of Mato Grosso and the mesoregions; Analise sucinta das matrizes energeticas de Mato Grosso e suas mesorregioes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canavarros, Otacilio Borges; Ferreira, Noel Flavio Costa; Melo, Moises Candido de; Leite, Jose Ermete Rabello [Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT), Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Estudos em Planejamento]. E-mails: niepe@ufmt.br; niepe@pop.com.br

    2006-07-01

    The text presents relative energetic analyses to the Mato Grosso and its regions, with basis in presented matrices of offer and demand in the document - BEEMT 2004 - Mato Grosso Energetic Balance and Regions - period 1995 a 2003. The analyses were made leading in account two average taxes of annual growth in 1999/2003 periods 1995/2003 and, respectively, objectifying one better understanding of the evolution of the behavior of the energy ones in the State. (author)

  14. Propriedades químicas de um Neossolo Quartzarênico sob diferentes sistemas de manejo no Cerrado mato-grossense Soil chemical properties in a Typic Quartzipisamment under different management systems in Brazilian savanna in Mato Grosso State, Brazil

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    Leidivan Almeida Frazão

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes usos da terra e sistemas de manejo do solo, nas características químicas de um Neossolo Quartzarênico, no Cerrado de Mato Grosso. Os tratamentos estudados foram: cerrado nativo; uma pastagem de baixa produtividade com 22 anos de implantação; plantio convencional com 1 e 4 anos de uso e diferentes sucessões de culturas; e plantio direto com 5 anos de implantação. Foram determinados os teores de carbono e nitrogênio, pH, acidez potencial, capacidade de troca de cátions (CTC, fósforo disponível, bases trocáveis e saturação por bases do solo. Os valores mais baixos de pH, fósforo disponível, potássio, cálcio e magnésio foram observados nas áreas sob cerrado e pastagem, e a menor concentração de carbono no solo sob pastagem refletiu menor CTC do solo. A aplicação do calcário nos tratamentos com plantio convencional e direto favorece o aumento das concentrações de cálcio e magnésio no solo. Nesses sistemas, a saturação por bases (V% do solo é mais elevada nas áreas com maior tempo de implantação (4 e 5 anos. Embora o Neossolo Quartzarênico possua limitações para o cultivo, em razão de sua baixa fertilidade natural, se adequadamente manejado, este solo apresenta potencial para o cultivo agrícola.The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of different land uses and soil management systems, on chemical characteristics of a Typic Quartzipisamment in the savanna (Cerrado of Mato Grosso State, Brazil. The treatments studied were: native cerrado; pasture with low productivity for 22 years; conventional tillage with one and four years and different crop successions; and no-tillage for five years. Soil carbon and nitrogen, pH, potential acidity, cation exchange capacity (CEC, available phosphorus, exchangeable bases and base saturation were determined. The cerrado and pasture treatments had the lowest pH, available phosphorus, calcium and magnesium

  15. Estabilidade e adaptabilidade do algodoeiro herbáceo no Cerrado do Mato Grosso e Mato Grosso do Sul Stability and adaptability of herbaceum cotton in the Cerrado of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Adalgisa Aranha de Souza

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a estabilidade e a adaptabilidade, e agrupar ambientes de cultivo, com dados de produtividade de oito genótipos do algodoeiro, avaliados em 16 ambientes localizados no Cerrado de Mato Grosso e Mato Grosso do Sul, na safra 1998/1999. O delineamento utilizado foi em quadrado latino 8x8. As análises individual e conjunta foram realizadas, considerando-se os efeitos de genótipos e ambientes fixos. Os parâmetros foram avaliados pelo método da ecovalência e pelo modelo AMMI. A linhagem CNPA 94773 foi a mais estável e adaptada às condições ambientais. Houve adaptabilidade específica e interação positiva de genótipos a grupos de ambientes: ITA 90 (Campo Novo dos Parecis, Chapadão do Sul, Sorriso, Itiquira e Sapezal; ITA 96, FMT Fetagri e FMT Saturno (Rondonópolis e Pedra Preta; BRS 197 (Nova Mutum, Primavera do Leste e Campo Verde; BRS FACUAL (Quatro Marcos e Campo Verde; CNPA 94773 (Ponta Porã, Sapezal, Alto Taquari e Lucas do Rio Verde e BRS Antares (Ponta Porã, Alto Taquari e Lucas do Rio Verde.The objective of this work was to analyze stability and adaptability, and to group environments with productivity data of eight cotton genotypes in 16 environments of Cerrado of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, in 1998/1999 harvest. Statistical model used was the simple square 8x8. The individual and combined statistical analysis were performed by considering genotype and environment effects fixed. Parameters of the cultivars or lines were evaluated by the covalence, method and by the AMMI procedure. The lineage CNPA 94773 was the stablest and most adapted to environmental conditions. There was a positive specific adaptability and interaction of the genotypes with the environments: CNPA ITA 90 cultivar (Campo Novo dos Parecis, Chapadão do Sul, Sorriso, Itiquira and Sapezal; ITA 96, FMT Fetagri and FMT Saturno (Rondonópolis and Pedra Preta; BRS 197 (Nova Mutum, Primavera do Leste and Campo

  16. Endoparasites infecting the semiaquatic coral snake Micrurus surinamensis (Squamata: Elapidae) in the southern Amazonian region, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ávila, R W; Morais, D H; Anjos, L A; Almeida, W O; Silva, R J

    2013-08-01

    A parasitological survey was conducted in specimens of the semiaquatic coral snake Micrurus surinamensis, a poorly known South American elapid. Four specimens collected at the southern Amazon region in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso were analyzed for endoparasites. Three parasite species were recovered from the snake hosts: the pentastomid Sebekia oxycephala, the nematode Physaloptera sp. and the trematode Opisthogonimus lecithonotus. This represents new locality and host record for S. oxycephala and O. lecithonotus.

  17. Endoparasites infecting the semiaquatic coral snake Micrurus surinamensis (Squamata: Elapidae) in the southern amazonian region, Mato Grosso state, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Avila, R. W.; Morais, D. H. [UNESP; Anjos, L. A. [UNESP; Almeida, W. O.; Silva, R. J. [UNESP

    2013-01-01

    A parasitological survey was conducted in specimens of the semiaquatic coral snake Micrurus surinamensis, a poorly known South American elapid. Four specimens collected at the southern Amazon region in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso were analyzed for endoparasites. Three parasite species were recovered from the snake hosts: the pentastomid Sebekia oxycephala, the nematode Physaloptera sp. and the trematode Opisthogonimus lecithonotus. This represents new locality and host record for S. ox...

  18. Endoparasites infecting the semiaquatic coral snake Micrurus surinamensis (Squamata: Elapidae in the southern amazonian region, Mato Grosso state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RW. Ávila

    Full Text Available A parasitological survey was conducted in specimens of the semiaquatic coral snake Micrurus surinamensis, a poorly known South American elapid. Four specimens collected at the southern Amazon region in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso were analyzed for endoparasites. Three parasite species were recovered from the snake hosts: the pentastomid Sebekia oxycephala, the nematode Physaloptera sp. and the trematode Opisthogonimus lecithonotus. This represents new locality and host record for S. oxycephala and O. lecithonotus.

  19. PHYTOSOCIOLOGY OF SOWN PASTURE WEEDS UNDER TWO LEVELS OF DEGRADATION IN BRAZILIAN SAVANNA AREAS, MATO GROSSO DO SUL STATE, BRAZIL FITOSSOCIOLOGIA DE PLANTAS DANINHAS DE PASTAGENS CULTIVADAS SOB DOIS NÍVEIS DE DEGRADAÇÃO EM CERRADO, NO MATO GROSSO DO SUL

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    Adriana Guglieri-Caporal

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Cultivated pastures, in general, go through a decline process, associated with the occurrence of weeds, whose successful management begins with the survey of species and their biology. This study aimed to carry out phytosociological surveys, during the rainy and dry seasons, in two pastures cultivated with Brachiaria (Urochloa spp., with cattle (AI and without cattle (AII, in Cerrado (Brazilian savanna areas of the Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. The occurrence of 104 weedy herbaceous and subshrubby Phanerogams species was recorded. The families with the highest number of species were Fabaceae (23 species, Poaceae (16, and Asteraceae (15. Hemicryptophytes predominate with 41% of the species. The species with the highest importance value and relative coverage are B. decumbens and Sida rhombifolia, in AI, and B. brizantha and Desmodium incanum, in AII, plus Paspalum notatum, in both pastures. The Shannon diversity index was 4.19 and 4.43 nats, for AI and AII, respectively, indicating considerable weed species richness. The floristic dissimilarity index between AI and AII, obtained from the Euclidian

  20. Magnesium, Iron, Copper and Zinc in Vegetable Roots from Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Zanoni Fernanda Zanoni Cônsolo

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The inorganic components, especially magnesium, iron, copper and zinc contained in vegetable roots are of major importance, but seldom taken into account, either by general practitioners or by dietitians. The goal of this work is to report on magnesium, iron, copper and zinc in potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava, yam and taro produced, and consumed in Campo Grande, the capital of Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil. After previous determination of humidity, the vegetables were digested with a mixture of HNO3 and H2O2 in the microwave digestion system Speedwave®, Berghof, Germany. The levels of trace elements were measured using Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES, iCap 6000® - Thermo Scientific, USA. Most of the elements analyzed occur at levels within the range reported from international and Brazilian sources. However, iron in common potato, sweet potato and cassava was at the lowest level, while magnesium was very low in taro samples. The bioelements studied cannot pose any serious health risks and the edible tuberous roots widely consumed in Mato Grosso do Sul may represent an important source of essential micronutrients. The data show exclusively the population exposure to these minerals, no assumptions made as to their real absorption or bioavailability. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17807/orbital.v9i3.929

  1. Os Desafios e as Expectativas do Apl da Pecuária Leiteira de Mato Grosso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilamar Dallemole

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study has the objective to assess the central actions initiated by local institutions with the APL of Dairy Cattle from Mato Grosso, verifying that they are consistent with the concept and methodology developed by the Research Network Systems and Innovative Clusters and Local (Redesist. Still, it seeks to delimit the areas where the activity has to be specialized and if these sites coincide with the delimitation of territorial arrangement made by Sebrae. For this, we used data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE and the Value of Social Information (Rais to estimate the Normalized Concentration Index (ICN, capable of determining the territorial base that actually has some expertise in that activity. This procedure also revealed that not all municipalities have supported some expertise and that they do not comprise a region, but rather groups of towns scattered throughout the state of Mato Grosso. Added to this, policies triggered by the institutions of government are not considering the consolidation of the APL, in view that the tax incentive and tax exemption does not develop the associative sense, much less the density of the arrangement.

  2. LBA-ECO LC-22 Land Cover from MODIS Vegetation Indices, Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ABSTRACT: This data set provides land cover classifications for Mato Grosso, Brazil, for the years 2000-2001 and 2003-2004. The classifications were derived from...

  3. LBA-ECO LC-22 Land Cover from MODIS Vegetation Indices, Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set provides land cover classifications for Mato Grosso, Brazil, for the years 2000-2001 and 2003-2004. The classifications were derived from annual...

  4. Caracterização de Garimpos em Mato Grosso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Carvalho Marta

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é parte de um projeto cujo objetivo contribuir para melhor compreensão da história econômica de Mato Grosso. Nessas discussões constam o imaginário e a cultura da população, onde se pretende registrar a dimensão cientifica e a empírica, propiciando, por conseguinte, impressões em geral inexistentes, cujas ausências dificultam o trabalho acadêmico voltado para atividades ocorridas recentemente, como as do ouro, da madeira e outras formas de extrativismo. O texto procura relatar atividades do trabalho informal da década de oitenta e noventa, procurando registrar a experiência vivida pelo autor em suas pesquisas e contatos naquele período.

  5. Florística dos campos de murundus do Pantanal do Araguaia, Mato Grosso, Brasil Floristics of floodplain 'murundus' of the Pantanal of Araguaia, Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Schwantes Marimon

    2012-03-01

    hydromorphic plinthosols, imperfectly to poorly drained, with low permeability. A total of 318 species, 193 genera and 66 families were collected, and FM values ranged from 51 to 135 species, 42 to 107 genera and 27 to 52 families. Erythroxylum suberosum is a typical species of Brazilian FM, Curatella americana typical of Mato Grosso FM and Byrsonima cydoniifolia typical of the ASP. The physical and spatial distribution pattern of the "murundus" (earthmounds may reflect the seasonal flood pulse, since the floristic composition of the FM varied between the areas under the influence of the rivers that border the park. This was the largest floristic inventory ever undertaken in FM, with a significant increase in our knowledge and recording of typical species of the Cerrado Biome which occur in this phytophysiognomy.

  6. Bioelectricity potential in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil; O potencial de bioeletricidade no Mato Grosso do Sul

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turdera, Eduardo Mirko Valenzuela [Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados (UFGD), Dourados, MS (Brazil). Faculdade de Ciencias Exatas e Tecnologicas], E-mail: eduardoturdera@ufgd.edu.br

    2009-07-01

    This paper presents the importance of bioelectricity power from renewable source in the power output of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS). The power energy capacity of MS could grow the next years due arrived of more of the thirty mills on medium term. This scenario will be very favorable because MS State will have conditions to meet power domestic market demand and to have significant surplus of electricity to export. Sugar cane crops are expanding and they could propitiate combined heat power (CHP or cogeneration) technology growth, we make an analysis about the share of the bioelectricity availability in MS power capacity installed. Bioelectricity could be good to MS as well as energy and economic aspects. (author)

  7. Coinfection by Toxoplasma gondii and Leishmania spp. in domestic cats (Felis catus in State of Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Audrey Rennó Campos Braga

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Leishmaniasis and toxoplasmosis are important to public health. Methods Antibodies for Toxoplasma gondii and Leishmania spp. were evaluated in cats from Campo Grande, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, a region endemic for canine visceral leishmaniasis. Serum samples from 50 asymptomatic cats were titrated for T. gondii by the immunofluorescence antibody test and modified agglutination test and for Leishmania spp. by the immunofluorescence antibody test. Results These two agents coinfected two (4% of the 50 tested animals. Conclusions These findings demonstrate the concomitant presence of two important zoonoses in cats from Brazilian endemic regions for canine visceral leishmaniasis.

  8. Antimicrobial screening of some medicinal plants from Mato Grosso Cerrado

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    Iberê E Silva Junior

    Full Text Available Hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and ethanol extracts from stem barks of Bowdichia virgilioides, Calophyllum brasiliense, Cariniana rubra, Lafoensia pacari, and Stryphnodendron obovatum and rhizome of Simaba ferruginea and Dragon's blood red sap from Croton urucurana were screened against a panel of bacteria and fungi using the micro-broth dilution method. Dragon's blood from Croton urucurana was the most effective antimicrobial plant material. Ethyl acetate and hexane extracts of Calophyllum brasiliense stem bark deserved distinction by their selective antibacterial activity. Lafoensia pacari stem bark polar extracts distinguished by their potent and selective anti-yeast activity and Bowdichia virgilioides polar and non-polar extracts by their antifungal activity towards hyalohypho-mycetes and dermatophytes. This is the first report showing antifungal activity for polar extracts of Cariniana rubra and Simaba ferruginea. This study has demonstrated antimicrobial activity of Mato Grosso Cerrado ethnomedicinal plants in in vitro assays and has indicated that they can be effective potential candidates for the development of new strategies to treat fungal and bacterial infections.

  9. Dermatophilosis in Nelore calves in Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Flávia Barbieri Bacha

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to describe two outbreaks of dermatophilosis in Nelore calves in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul with epidemiological characteristics peculiar to the Midwest. Morbidity and mortality rates were 50% and 0.0025% in the outbreak 1, and 12.5% and 10% in the outbreak 2, respectively. Only Nelore calves aging between 5 and 60 days were affected. Most cases occurred on pastures of Brachiaria brizantha during the rainy season. In both outbreaks, the signs started with skin thickening followed by weeping and crusting around the eyes and muzzle. In more severe cases, lesions disseminated throughout the face and the body, evolving to generalized marked thickening of the skin and wrinkling. Histology of skin lesions showed suppurative dermatitis and hyperkeratosis. The diagnosis was confirmed by viewing basophilic filamentous structures morphologically consistent with Dermatophilus congolensis in Gram stained smears. The treatment with streptomycin, oxytetracycline or penicillin associated with streptomycin used in calves demonstrated to be effective. The disease has been misdiagnosed, by the farmers, with hepatic photosensitization caused by Brachiaria spp. ingestion. This article discusses these results with the aim to help in the correct diagnosis of dermatophilosis, which is important to achieve the adequate treatment and effective control measures to minimize the losses caused by this disease.

  10. Historic emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in Mato Grosso, Brazil: 1 source data uncertainties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morton Douglas C

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Historic carbon emissions are an important foundation for proposed efforts to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and enhance forest carbon stocks through conservation and sustainable forest management (REDD+. The level of uncertainty in historic carbon emissions estimates is also critical for REDD+, since high uncertainties could limit climate benefits from credited mitigation actions. Here, we analyzed source data uncertainties based on the range of available deforestation, forest degradation, and forest carbon stock estimates for the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso during 1990-2008. Results Deforestation estimates showed good agreement for multi-year periods of increasing and decreasing deforestation during the study period. However, annual deforestation rates differed by > 20% in more than half of the years between 1997-2008, even for products based on similar input data. Tier 2 estimates of average forest carbon stocks varied between 99-192 Mg C ha-1, with greatest differences in northwest Mato Grosso. Carbon stocks in deforested areas increased over the study period, yet this increasing trend in deforested biomass was smaller than the difference among carbon stock datasets for these areas. Conclusions Estimates of source data uncertainties are essential for REDD+. Patterns of spatial and temporal disagreement among available data products provide a roadmap for future efforts to reduce source data uncertainties for estimates of historic forest carbon emissions. Specifically, regions with large discrepancies in available estimates of both deforestation and forest carbon stocks are priority areas for evaluating and improving existing estimates. Full carbon accounting for REDD+ will also require filling data gaps, including forest degradation and secondary forest, with annual data on all forest transitions.

  11. Historic emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in Mato Grosso, Brazil: 1) source data uncertainties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morton, Douglas C; Sales, Marcio H; Souza, Carlos M; Griscom, Bronson

    2011-12-30

    Historic carbon emissions are an important foundation for proposed efforts to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and enhance forest carbon stocks through conservation and sustainable forest management (REDD+). The level of uncertainty in historic carbon emissions estimates is also critical for REDD+, since high uncertainties could limit climate benefits from credited mitigation actions. Here, we analyzed source data uncertainties based on the range of available deforestation, forest degradation, and forest carbon stock estimates for the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso during 1990-2008. Deforestation estimates showed good agreement for multi-year periods of increasing and decreasing deforestation during the study period. However, annual deforestation rates differed by > 20% in more than half of the years between 1997-2008, even for products based on similar input data. Tier 2 estimates of average forest carbon stocks varied between 99-192 Mg C ha-1, with greatest differences in northwest Mato Grosso. Carbon stocks in deforested areas increased over the study period, yet this increasing trend in deforested biomass was smaller than the difference among carbon stock datasets for these areas. Estimates of source data uncertainties are essential for REDD+. Patterns of spatial and temporal disagreement among available data products provide a roadmap for future efforts to reduce source data uncertainties for estimates of historic forest carbon emissions. Specifically, regions with large discrepancies in available estimates of both deforestation and forest carbon stocks are priority areas for evaluating and improving existing estimates. Full carbon accounting for REDD+ will also require filling data gaps, including forest degradation and secondary forest, with annual data on all forest transitions.

  12. Historic Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Mato Grosso, Brazil: 1. Source Data Uncertainties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morton, Douglas C.; Sales, Marcio H.; Souza, Carlos M., Jr.; Griscom, Bronson

    2011-01-01

    Historic carbon emissions are an important foundation for proposed efforts to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and enhance forest carbon stocks through conservation and sustainable forest management (REDD+). The level of uncertainty in historic carbon emissions estimates is also critical for REDD+, since high uncertainties could limit climate benefits from mitigation actions. Here, we analyzed source data uncertainties based on the range of available deforestation, forest degradation, and forest carbon stock estimates for the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso during 1990-2008. Results: Deforestation estimates showed good agreement for multi-year trends of increasing and decreasing deforestation during the study period. However, annual deforestation rates differed by >20% in more than half of the years between 1997-2008, even for products based on similar input data. Tier 2 estimates of average forest carbon stocks varied between 99-192 Mg C/ha, with greatest differences in northwest Mato Grosso. Carbon stocks in deforested areas increased over the study period, yet this increasing trend in deforested biomass was smaller than the difference among carbon stock datasets for these areas. Conclusions: Patterns of spatial and temporal disagreement among available data products provide a roadmap for future efforts to reduce source data uncertainties for estimates of historic forest carbon emissions. Specifically, regions with large discrepancies in available estimates of both deforestation and forest carbon stocks are priority areas for evaluating and improving existing estimates. Full carbon accounting for REDD+ will also require filling data gaps, including forest degradation and secondary forest, with annual data on all forest transitions.

  13. AREAS OF ECONOMIC INFLUENCE OF SUGARCANE INDUSTRY IN MATO GROSSO, 2010.

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    Wladimir Colman de Azevedo Junior

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Macroeconomic data reveals the increase of sugarcane chain relevance to Mato Grosso economy, however does not exist studies that evaluate the scope of regional impacts. This research has as the main objective the identification of the territory extension of the sugarcane industry influence in Mato Grosso during 2010, characterizing relationships between industrial plants and the regions where they acting. Was used the gravitational model developed by Isard (1956 to estimate this interrelation commerce patterns of the chain in the state, to find the sugarcane regional centers, as well as, to set up their potential areas of influence. As results has the identification of the 13 cane regions, three cities in first level, seven in the second level and three sub-centers. The relations between this centers and the respective regions has different specifications and their complete understanding allows destination of private investments and public politics. Keywords: Gravitational Model. Cane Sugar Suply Chain. Mato Grosso.

  14. Avaliação da vigilância de contatos de casos novos de tuberculose no Estado de Mato Grosso - Brasil Evaluation of surveillance of contacts of new tuberculosis cases in the state of Mato Grosso - Brazil

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    Shaiana Vilella Hartwig

    2008-05-01

    uninvestigated, and the tuberculosis incidence rate were analyzed by age bracket. The mean rate of contacts investigated for each case of tuberculosis by age bracket was calculated per year of study. The cases of pulmonary tuberculosis with and without contacts investigated were analyzed by sputum smear microscopy results. RESULTS: In 2004, there were 41.3 cases of tuberculosis per 100,000 inhabitants in the state of Mato Grosso. The south-central region presented the highest incidence rate (57 cases/100,000 inhabitants and a 15% rate of contacts investigated. Among those younger than 15 years, 63 contacts (60.5% were investigated, whereas among those aged 15 or older, 389 (8.9% were investigated. In 1999, the mean rate of contacts investigated statewide was 0.02 (0.5%, and, in 2004, it reached 0.42 (10.5%. The percentage of contacts investigated was 40% higher among the contacts of contagious cases (OR = 1.4; 95% CI: 1.08-1.83. CONCLUSIONS: The percentage of contacts investigated is very low, principally among adults. The adoption of the standards for investigation of tuberculosis contacts proposed by the Brazilian National Ministry of Health Department of Health Surveillance has not ensured that this group at highest risk of developing active tuberculosis be given priority at health care facilities in the state of Mato Grosso.

  15. Variabilidade genética para caracteres morfométricos de matrizes de castanha-do-brasil da Amazônia Mato-grossense Genetic variability for morphometric characteristics in brazilian nut parent trees from northern Mato Grosso, Amazon rain forest

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    Flora Ferreira Camargo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo objetivou estudar a variabilidade genética de matrizes de Bertholletia excelsa através da estimação de parâmetros e ganhos genéticos para os caracteres peso/ouriço (g, peso de sementes/ouriço (g e número de sementes/ouriço no pré-melhoramento da espécie. Foram utilizadas 90 matrizes de polinização aberta, sendo 30 matrizes de cada tipo, denominadas localmente de rajada, mirim e rosa, no município de Cotriguaçu, noroeste de Mato Grosso, região amazônica. O experimento foi estabelecido sob delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, com 90 tratamentos (matrizes e seis ouriços por matriz, com suas respectivas sementes. As variáveis foram analisadas usando-se a metodologia de modelo linear misto do software SELEGEN-REML/BLUP. Os coeficientes de herdabilidades individuais no sentido amplo dos efeitos genotípicos totais (0,21, 0,14 e 0,34 para os caracteres peso/ouriço (g, peso de sementes/ouriço (g e número de sementes/ouriço, respectivamente, são considerados moderados para os dois primeiros caracteres e alto para o caráter número de sementes/ouriço, sugerindo expressivo controle genético. A seleção das 10 melhores matrizes revelou predominância da procedência do tipo rosa, proporcionando ganhos genéticos expressivos de pelo menos 24,16% para peso/ouriço (g, 27,44% para peso de sementes/ouriço e 16,92% para o caráter número de sementes por ouriço. Os valores expressivos das matrizes do tipo rosa estimulam a utilização desses germoplasmas em programas de melhoramento genético da espécie, na seqüência das avaliações, bem como apontando para a possibilidade de obtenção de híbridos intraespecíficos para caracteres desejáveis.The goal of the study was to detect genetic variability in Brazilian nuts parent trees through parameters estimation and genetic gains for the following indexes: fruit weight (g seed weight per fruit (g and number of seeds per fruit at species pre-improvement. Ninety (90

  16. Ocorrência de hemoglobina S no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Occurrence of hemoglobin S in Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil

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    Denise Rodrigues Holsbach

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: As hemoglobinopatias são as alterações genéticas mais comuns no homem, sendo a hemoglobina (Hb S a mais freqüente entre todas. Sua ocorrência no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul ainda não foi sistematicamente avaliada. OBJETIVOS: Caracterizar a ocorrência de Hb S por genótipos, sexo, idade no momento do diagnóstico, índice de cobertura e prevalência em Mato Grosso do Sul. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Estudo retrospectivo, transversal e descritivo, desenvolvido com os resultados de triagem neonatal para hemoglobinopatias, utilizando a técnica de cromatografia líquida de alta pressão, no Instituto de Pesquisas, Ensino e Diagnósticos da Associação de Pais e Amigos dos Excepcionais (IPED/APAE de Mato Grosso do Sul em 2000-2005. RESULTADOS: De 190.809 indivíduos triados, 2.624 (1,38% encontraram-se alterados, correspondendo a 2.385 neonatos e 239 crianças maiores de 28 dias. Não houve diferença entre os sexos, sendo 1.335 do sexo feminino e 1.289 do masculino. Os genótipos alterados encontrados foram traço falciforme (FAS [99,16%] e doenças falciformes (FS [0,61%] e FSC [0,23%]. CONCLUSÃO: Esse primeiro estudo de triagem realizado no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul mostra que o programa desenvolvido pelo IPED/APAE está se solidificando no estado e avançando em relação ao índice de cobertura da população e ao diagnóstico precoce. Esses indicadores podem embasar ações preventivas (aconselhamento genético e estudos familiares e assistenciais (tratamento ambulatorial contínuo, que visam à redução da morbimortalidade de indivíduos acometidos por essas afecções no estado.BACKGROUND: Hemoglobinopathies are the most common genetic disorders in humans and Hb S is the most frequent among them. Its occurrence in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul has not been systematically analyzed yet. OBJECTIVES: To describe the occurrence of hemoglobin S according to genotypes, gender, age at the moment of diagnosis, cover index and

  17. Febre catarral maligna em bovinos no Estado de Mato Grosso Malignant catarrhal fever in cattle, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Fábio S. Mendonça

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Relatam-se a ocorrência em quatro propriedades rurais no Estado de Mato Grosso, de casos de febre catarral maligna (FCM em bovinos criados em contato com ovinos. Todos os casos acompanhados tiveram evolução aguda e não se notou a recuperação dos bovinos. Dois casos ocorreram no município de Cuiabá. No primeiro, em janeiro de 2006, adoeceram e morreram 8 animais de um rebanho com 148 bovinos, no outro, morreu 1 de um rebanho com 30 animais em setembro de 2006. Um terceiro caso foi notado no município de Rondonópolis, onde morreram 3 de 160 bovinos em abril de 2007. O último caso relatado ocorreu no município de Cáceres no mês de setembro de 2007, morrendo 2 de 450 bovinos. O curso clínico variou de 4 a 7 dias. Os principais sinais clínicos foram hipertermia, lacrimejamento intenso, corrimento catarral nasal e oral, opacidade de córnea, sialorréia, diarréia, erosão da mucosa oral, nasal e genital, incoordenação motora, depressão e morte. Aumento do volume de linfonodos, erosões e úlceras na cavidade oral, nasal e esôfago foram achados constantes em quatro bovinos necropsiados. Arterite com degeneração fibrinóide em arteríolas e pequenas artérias, a necrose do epitélio de revestimento em vários órgãos e tecidos foram os principais achados histológicos. Através da técnica de reação em cadeia da polimerase "nested" (nPCR, o DNA do Herpesvírus Ovino tipo 2 foi detectado em tecido parafinado ou congelado em 3 de 4 bovinos deste estudo.Four outbreaks of malignant catarrhal fever (MCF in cattle, which had contact with sheep, in Mato Grosso, Brazil, are described. In all cases, the animals had a clinical course of 4 to 7 days with no recovery. Two outbreaks occurred in the municipality of Cuiabá, the first in January 2006 with 8 cattle affected from a herd of 148, and the second in one out of 30 cattle in September 2006. The third outbreak occurred in April 2007 in the municipality of Rondonópolis, where 3 cattle

  18. Conidiobolomicose em ovinos no Estado de Mato Grosso Conidiobolomycosis in sheep in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Fabiana M. Boabaid

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Relatam-se os achados epidemiológicos, clínicos, patológicos e micológicos de conidiobolomicose em ovinos no Estado de Mato Grosso. A doença ocorreu em uma propriedade no município de Nobres, em um rebanho com 40 ovelhas adultas, entre os meses de janeiro a junho de 2007. Aproximadamente 30% dos ovinos da propriedade adoeceram e todos os doentes morreram em curso clínico de 2-5 semanas. O quadro clínico foi caracterizado por apatia, emagrecimento, dificuldade respiratória com dispnéia, respiração ruidosa e oral, secreção nasal mucosa ou sero-sanguinolenta, exoftalmia unilateral, por vezes com cegueira, e morte. Havia desaparecimento de etmoturbinados com substituição por tecido bran-cacento, finamente granular, multilobulado e friável infil-trando-se na lâmina cribiforme, no septo nasal e nas coa-nas em todos os ovinos necropsiados. Lesões similares foram encontradas em linfonodos regionais (2 casos, pulmões (3, encéfalo (2 e em linfonodos do abomaso (1. Microscopicamente havia inflamação granulomatosa da região rinocerebral, caracterizada por necrose, proliferação de tecido conjuntivo, infiltrado de neutrófilos, eosinófilos, células epitelióides e células gigantes multinucleadas freqüentemente circundando material Splendori-Hoeppli, onde havia imagens negativas de hifas. Na impregnação pela Prata-Metenamina, as hifas tinham septos e ramificações escassas e irregulares, com dilatação balonosa terminal e com forte demarcação de contornos. Iso-lou-se de tecido nasal de quatro ovinos Conidiobolus sp.The epidemiological, clinical, pathological and mycological findings of an outbreak of conidiobolomycosis in a flock of 40 Santa Ines sheep, in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, are reported. The illness occurred in the municipality of Nobres during January-June, 2007, resulting in death of about 30% of the affected sheep within 2-5 weeks. The clinical signs were characterized by apathy, weight loss, labored and

  19. Hepatite Delta no Estado de Mato Grosso: apresentação de cinco casos Hepatitis Delta in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil: report of five cases

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    Luciano Corrêa Ribeiro

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Cinco casos graves de infecção pelos vírus das hepatites B e D foram diagnosticados em jovens oriundos do norte do Mato Grosso, onde é comum a ocorrência de hepatite B, mas não de hepatite D. A proximidade com os Estados do Acre e do Amazonas e a migração interna podem explicar a introdução do vírus da hepatite D na região. Os autores salientam a necessidade de manter vigilância epidemiológica para casos de hepatite D na região.Five cases of hepatitis B and D superinfection in teenagers from the northernmost region of Mato Grosso State are reported. Hepatitis B is high prevalent there, but not hepatitis D. The proximity to the States of Acre and Amazonas and intense migration may be introducing the virus into the region. Necessity for the surveillance of hepatitis D in northern Mato Grosso is emphasized.

  20. Perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes portadores de doença inflamatória intestinal do estado de Mato Grosso The epidemiological profile of patients with inflammatory Bowel disease in the State of Mato Grosso

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    Mardem Machado de Souza

    2008-09-01

    variation from 0 to 20 years. CONCLUSION: Despite the lack of literature on the disease, the data from this study reveal that patients with IBD in the state of Mato Grosso show the same epidemiological features as those from other Brazilian states.

  1. Earthworms from Mato Grosso, Brazil, and new records of species from the state Minhocas do Mato Grosso e novos registros de espécies do estado

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    Marie Luise Carolina Bartz

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to undertake a qualitative assessment of earthworm diversity in areas under human influence, in a region of Cerrado-Pantanal-Amazon rainforest transition, in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The earthworms were collected in the municipalities of Barra do Bugres and Arenápolis, and were studied together with species previously identified from other municipalities. Seventeen municipalities, at 29 sampling points of Mato Grosso State, have been sampled. Seven species of earthworms were collected and identified in Barra do Bugres: Goiascolex vanzolinii, Pontoscolex (Pontoscolex corethrurus, Opisthodrillus borellii borellii, Opisthodrillus sp., Dichogaster (Diplothecodrilus gracilis, Dichogaster sp. and a species of the Criodrilidae family. Four species of earthworms were identified in Arenápolis: Pontoscolex (Pontoscolex corethrurus, Dichogaster (Diplothecodrilus gracilis, Dichogaster (Diplothecodrilus affinis and Dichogaster sp. In total, 32 earthworm species/subspecies are known from Mato Grosso, 22 native and 10 exotic.O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar qualitativamente a diversidade de minhocas em áreas sob influência humana, em uma região de transição de Pantanal-Cerrado-Floresta Amazônica, no Estado de Mato Grosso. As minhocas foram coletadas nos municípios de Barra do Bugres e Arenápolis e estudadas em conjunto com espécies previamente identificadas de outros municípios do Estado, em um total de 29 pontos de coletas em 17 municípios. Em Barra do Bugres, foram coletadas e identificadas sete espécies de minhocas: Goiascolex vanzolinii, Pontoscolex (Pontoscolex corethrurus, Opisthodrillus borellii borellii, Opisthodrillus sp., Dichogaster (Diplothecodrilus gracilis, Dichogaster sp. e uma espécie da família Criodrilidae. Em Arenápolis foram identificadas quatro espécies: Pontoscolex (Pontoscolex corethrurus, Dichogaster (Diplothecodrilus gracilis, Dichogaster (Diplothecodrilus affinis e

  2. The possibilities of using the energetic potential of Mato Grosso in substitution for imported fuels and harmful to the environment; As possibilidades de uso dos potenciais energeticos de Mato Grosso em substituicao aos combustiveis importados e danosos ao meio ambiente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canavarros, Otacilio Borges; Ferreira, Noel Flavio Costa; Melo, Moises Candido de; Leite, Jose Ermete Rabello [Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso (NIEPE/UFMT), Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Estudos em Planejamento Energetico

    2006-07-01

    The text presents the essentials information's to the understanding of the possibilities of use of energetics potentials of Mato Grosso in substitution to imports fuels and dangerous to the environment. (author)

  3. Assessing the MODIS Crop Detection Algorithm for Soybean Crop Area Mapping and Expansion in the Mato Grosso State, Brazil

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    Anibal Gusso

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Estimations of crop area were made based on the temporal profiles of the Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI obtained from moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS images. Evaluation of the ability of the MODIS crop detection algorithm (MCDA to estimate soybean crop areas was performed for fields in the Mato Grosso state, Brazil. Using the MCDA approach, soybean crop area estimations can be provided for December (first forecast using images from the sowing period and for February (second forecast using images from the sowing period and the maximum crop development period. The area estimates were compared to official agricultural statistics from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE and from the National Company of Food Supply (CONAB at different crop levels from 2000/2001 to 2010/2011. At the municipality level, the estimates were highly correlated, with R2=0.97 and RMSD = 13,142 ha. The MCDA was validated using field campaign data from the 2006/2007 crop year. The overall map accuracy was 88.25%, and the Kappa Index of Agreement was 0.765. By using pre-defined parameters, MCDA is able to provide the evolution of annual soybean maps, forecast of soybean cropping areas, and the crop area expansion in the Mato Grosso state.

  4. Maternal mortality according to race/skin color in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, from 2010 to 2015

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    Renata Palópoli Pícoli

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives: to investigate the epidemiological profile, by race/skin color, of maternal deaths in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Methods: the present epidemiological study of maternal death distribution by race/skin color was based on data extracted from Brazilian mortality and livebirth information systems from 2010 to 2015. The maternal mortality ratio and the specific maternal mortality ratio were calculated and analyzed according to obstetric variables. Results: the death risk for black (RR = 4.3, CI95%= 2.088.71 and indigenous women (RR = 3.7, CI95% 2.26.23 was approximately fourfold in comparison to the risk for white women. For direct causes of death, the state of Mato Grosso do Sul showed higher levels, 74.1%, as well as for most races/skin colors in the first triennium. The specific maternal mortality ratio was higher among black and indigenous women aged30 to 39 years old (416.7 and 651.8, respectively per 100,000 live births (p<0.05. Conclusions: higher maternal mortality ratio for indigenous and black women and the predominance of deaths related to direct obstetric causes among race/skin color categories reflect inadequate health care during pregnancy and puerperium.

  5. Unrevealing the leaf frogs Cerrado diversity: A new species of Pithecopus (Anura, Arboranae, Phyllomedusidae) from the Mato Grosso state, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruschi, Daniel Pacheco; Recco-Pimentel, Shirlei Maria; Giaretta, Ariovaldo Antonio

    2017-01-01

    The Neotropical frog genus Pithecopus comprises currently 10 species. A recent molecular phylogeny suggested the existence of two subclades within it, one of them including P. palliatus, P. azureus, P. hypochondrialis, and P. nordestinus (lowland species). Herein we describe a new species of this subclade from Pontal do Araguaia, in the Brazilian Cerrado in the Mato Grosso state. Recognition of the new species is supported by adult morphology, advertisement call and molecular data. The new species differs from Pithecopus highland species by its smaller head width and lack of the reticulate pattern on flanks. From lowland species, the new form differs by being significantly smaller in snout vent-length, advertisement call with the greatest number of pulses, and high genetic distance. Interestingly, we also report on occurrence of P. hypochondrialis (its sister species) at an adjacent site (about 3km). Also, we report on the occurrence of the new species in the Chapada dos Guimarães and Santa Terezinha, both also in the Mato Grosso state. PMID:28953911

  6. Institutional strengthenint and organizational learnig at a Tourism Foundation in Mato Grosso do Sul State (Brazil. A Prodetur Project

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    Dóris Van de Meene Ruschmann

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the process of institutional strengthening of Tourism Foundation – FUNDTUR, in Mato Grosso do Sul State, an action taken under the Tourism Development Program, in Brazil - PRODETUR. It has four steps: defining a management model, situational analysis of public management of tourism in Mato Grosso do Sul, definition of lines for institutional strengthening, definition of a plan for institutional strengthening. Different methods were used according to each stage. The first were an analysis of similar case studies and discussion groups. The other steps included interviews with the staff of the institution which manages tourism in the State (FUNDTUR and with its partners; experiences carried out by the institution, working groups, SWOT analysis -following a process of organizational learning- and knowledge management. This is a pioneer project in Brazilian tourism public management and did contribute to the growth of the  institution responsible for implamentation due to the high participation achieved, and will be able to serve as a model for other public institutions. The early definition of a management model  facilitated the development of other stages and participation of the whole team at all stages was essential for the implementation of empowerment.

  7. Unrevealing the leaf frogs Cerrado diversity: A new species of Pithecopus (Anura, Arboranae, Phyllomedusidae from the Mato Grosso state, Brazil.

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    Isabelle Aquemi Haga

    Full Text Available The Neotropical frog genus Pithecopus comprises currently 10 species. A recent molecular phylogeny suggested the existence of two subclades within it, one of them including P. palliatus, P. azureus, P. hypochondrialis, and P. nordestinus (lowland species. Herein we describe a new species of this subclade from Pontal do Araguaia, in the Brazilian Cerrado in the Mato Grosso state. Recognition of the new species is supported by adult morphology, advertisement call and molecular data. The new species differs from Pithecopus highland species by its smaller head width and lack of the reticulate pattern on flanks. From lowland species, the new form differs by being significantly smaller in snout vent-length, advertisement call with the greatest number of pulses, and high genetic distance. Interestingly, we also report on occurrence of P. hypochondrialis (its sister species at an adjacent site (about 3km. Also, we report on the occurrence of the new species in the Chapada dos Guimarães and Santa Terezinha, both also in the Mato Grosso state.

  8. LBA-ECO ND-11 Pre-harvest Forest Tree and Liana Biomass, NW Mato Grosso, Brazil: 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Tree and liana (vine) measurements were collected in a logging concession at the Fazenda Rohsamar in the municipality of Jurena in northwestern Mato Grosso. Tree...

  9. Assessment of the current state of biodiversity data for butterflies and skippers in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Queiroz-Santos, Luziany; Dias, Fernando Maia Silva; Dell’Erba, Rafael; Casagrande, Mirna Martins; Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Lepidoptera is one of the four megadiverse insect orders, comprising butterflies and moths. In Brazil, the bulk of knowledge about the butterfly fauna is restricted to some areas in the southeast of the country, with large gaps of knowledge in other areas. The state of Mato Grosso is one of the largest states in Brazil, and holds three of the main Brazilian biomes: Amazon rain forest, Cerrado and Pantanal. However, knowledge about Mato Grosso butterflies is fragmented and restricted to a few localities, and information is scattered in various sources. The aim of this study is to assemble the biodiversity information of the butterfly fauna of the state of Mato Grosso based on historical and recent literature data and collections carried out in the southwest of the state from 2007–2009. Records without precise locality data or taxonomic information were not included. Species identification was based on literature and comparison with specimens in collections; higher and species-level taxonomy were updated based on the Neotropical Checklist of Hesperioidea and Papilionoidea and recent phylogenetic and revisionary taxonomic works. In total, 901 species were recorded in 2,820 occurrence records. This represents 148 species of Hesperiidae, 29 Papilionidae, 28 Pieridae, 77 Lycaenidae, 238 Riodinidae, and 381 Nymphalidae. Of these, 207 species records are from the type specimens of species described in the state. Based on the results and literature records for other Brazilian states and biomes, probably the figures for Mato Grosso are underestimated, particularly in the families Hesperiidae, Lycaenidae and Riodinidae, in that order. Future collecting efforts should be directed towards certain areas of the state, especially in less sampled areas and biomes, as the north of the state and Pantanal. PMID:27408571

  10. Assessment of the current state of biodiversity data for butterflies and skippers in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Queiroz-Santos, Luziany; Dias, Fernando Maia Silva; Dell'Erba, Rafael; Casagrande, Mirna Martins; Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik

    2016-01-01

    Lepidoptera is one of the four megadiverse insect orders, comprising butterflies and moths. In Brazil, the bulk of knowledge about the butterfly fauna is restricted to some areas in the southeast of the country, with large gaps of knowledge in other areas. The state of Mato Grosso is one of the largest states in Brazil, and holds three of the main Brazilian biomes: Amazon rain forest, Cerrado and Pantanal. However, knowledge about Mato Grosso butterflies is fragmented and restricted to a few localities, and information is scattered in various sources. The aim of this study is to assemble the biodiversity information of the butterfly fauna of the state of Mato Grosso based on historical and recent literature data and collections carried out in the southwest of the state from 2007-2009. Records without precise locality data or taxonomic information were not included. Species identification was based on literature and comparison with specimens in collections; higher and species-level taxonomy were updated based on the Neotropical Checklist of Hesperioidea and Papilionoidea and recent phylogenetic and revisionary taxonomic works. In total, 901 species were recorded in 2,820 occurrence records. This represents 148 species of Hesperiidae, 29 Papilionidae, 28 Pieridae, 77 Lycaenidae, 238 Riodinidae, and 381 Nymphalidae. Of these, 207 species records are from the type specimens of species described in the state. Based on the results and literature records for other Brazilian states and biomes, probably the figures for Mato Grosso are underestimated, particularly in the families Hesperiidae, Lycaenidae and Riodinidae, in that order. Future collecting efforts should be directed towards certain areas of the state, especially in less sampled areas and biomes, as the north of the state and Pantanal.

  11. [Food security in Teréna indigenous families, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fávaro, Thatiana; Ribas, Dulce Lopes Barboza; Zorzatto, José Roberto; Segall-Corrêa, Ana Maria; Panigassi, Giseli

    2007-04-01

    This study aims to describe the food security situation among Teréna families in the villages of Agua Azul, Olho D'Agua, and Oliveiras in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. The Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale was adapted to 15 questions that reflect food insecurity at different levels of intensity. A survey was conducted in the villages with 49 families that had under-five children. Information was obtained on income, family size, maternal education, and children's food intake. 75.5% of families showed some level of food insecurity (22.4% low, 32.7% moderate, and 20.4% high). A large percentage (67.3%) of the families live with fear of lack of food. One-fourth of women had experienced hunger during the month prior to the survey, and 14.3% (7) reported the same condition for children in the household. More serious food insecurity was observed in families with lower per capita income and lower maternal education, more family members, and more children per family group in which the children's diet was insufficient, especially in protein and iron.

  12. Physicochemical, microbiological and microscopic evaluation of artisanal rapaduras produced in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Carla Luciane Kreutz Braun

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was the physicochemical, microbiological and microscopic evaluation of artisanal rapaduras produced in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. The determination of the proximal composition, pH and the microscopic analyses were made according to the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC. The concentrations of minerals and toxic metals were quantified by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The Coliforms at 45°C and Salmonella sp. were determined according to the American Public Health Association (APHA. The results obtained were: moisture (6.09 to 16.34%, ash (0.07 to 1.88%, insoluble solids (0.11 to 11.3%, pH (4.73 to 5.61, proteins (0.21 to 0.47%, sucrose (13.15 to 43.89%, and reducing sugars (10.96 to 26.28%. Significant differences were found between the samples (p £ 0.05 as well as nonconformities in relation to national regulations. The mineral contents showed significant differences between lots of samples (p £ 0.05 and some lots presented Cd and Pb concentrations above the maximum values allowed by Brazilian legislation. High quantities of unwanted materials were detected and none of the samples presented microbiological contamination. The results suggest the creation of technical standards for quality control for the production of rapaduras to ensure food safety.

  13. Scrapie e seu diagnóstico diferencial em ovinos no Mato Grosso do Sul Scrapie and differential diagnosis in sheep in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Héllen M. Martins

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Scrapie é uma doença infecciosa, neurodegenerativa fatal, causada pelo príon scrapie (PrPsc. Apresenta-se tanto na forma clássica em ovinos e caprinos geneticamente susceptíveis quanto na forma atípica em ovinos. A primeira notificação oficial do Brasil à Organização Mundial de Saúde Animal (OIE, um caso da forma clássica diagnosticado no Rio Grande do Sul ocorreu em 1985, mas a doença já havia sido diagnosticada no mesmo Estado em 1978. Este trabalho objetivou descrever dois surtos de Scrapie em ovinos em Mato Grosso do Sul (MS, Brasil e investigar, por meio de imuno-histoquímica (IHQ a presença de PrPsc no Sistema Nervoso Central (SNC de ovinos examinados entre 2003 e 2010. Na primeira parte observaram-se dois ovinos com sinais clínicos típicos de scrapie, detalhando-se os sinais neurológicos, dados epidemiológicos, histopatológicos e amostras teciduais em duplicata desses ovinos foram encaminhadas para realização de diagnóstico de Raiva e para diagnóstico IHQ para príon. Na segunda parte realizou-se levantamento de laudos de necropsia e diagnósticos histopatológicos de ovinos, no período de maio de 2003 a março de 2010. Amostras de sistema nervoso central de 51 casos foram selecionados, incluindo os dois já com diagnóstico de Scrapie mencionados acima; os tecido de todos esses ovinos foram submetidos à IHQ para detecção de proteína priônica. Os 49 ovinos avaliados apresentaram resultado negativo na IHQ para príon.Scrapie is a fatal neurodegenerative infectious disease, caused by the scrapie prion (PrPsc, that can both in the as the classic form in genetically susceptible sheep and goats and in the atypical form in sheep. The first official notification of scrapie from Brazil was made to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE in 1985, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, although the disease was first documented in this Brazilian state in 1978. The objective this paper was to describe two outbreaks

  14. Environmentally associated ticks (Acari: Ixodidae in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil Carrapatos (Acari: Ixodidae associados com o ambiente em Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Marcos Valério Garcia

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Herein, we report tick species found on wild and domestic animals and in the environment during a one-year sampling period at the Brazilian Farming Research Company beef cattle unit (Embrapa Beef Cattle, which is located within the urban area of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. From 55 wild hosts including six different species (Nasua nasua, Cebus spp., Cerdocyon thous, Myrmecophaga tridactyla, Tamandua tetradactyla and Dasyprocta aguti, 323 ticks were collected. Amblyomma ovale ticks were found solely on coatis, and Amblyomma nodosum was identified solely on anteaters. No ticks were found on capuchin monkeys. However, Amblyomma cajennense was found on all parasitized host species with the exception of capuchin monkeys. Giant anteaters displayed the highest infestation abundance, with a mean of 53 ticks∕animal. Environmental sampling yielded 166 adult A. cajennense ticks. The tick species found on domestic animals (Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus, R. sanguineus, Dermacentor nitens and A. cajennense were those typically found on these hosts in Brazil. The most prevalent tick species, A. cajennense, was found on both wild and domestic animals and was also prevalent in the environment. Thus, this tick species is the primary vector that allows pathogens to bridge wild and domestic animals in the Cerrado.Neste trabalho são descritas as espécies de carrapatos de animais selvagens e domésticos e do ambiente coletados por um ano na EMBRAPA Gado de Corte localizado na área urbana de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Dos 55 hospedeiros selvagens de seis espécies diferentes (Nasua nasua, Cebus spp., Cerdocyon thous, Myrmecophaga tridactyla, Tamandua tetradactyla e Dasyprocta aguti foram coletados 323 carrapatos. Amblyomma ovale foi encontrado apenas em quatis e Amblyomma nodosum apenas sobre tamanduás. Nenhum carrapato foi encontrado sobre macacos-prego. Por outro lado, Amblyomma cajennense foi encontrado em todos os hospedeiros

  15. Répteis do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Vanda Lúcia Ferreira

    Full Text Available RESUMO Informações sobre riqueza e composição de répteis pela primeira vez são apresentadas para o Mato Grosso do Sul (MS. A compilação de dados foi baseada em publicações, coleções científicas e dados disponibilizados por pesquisadores. Foram registradas 188 espécies distribuídas em oito espécies de Testudines, três Crocodylia e 177 Squamata (16 anfisbenas, 48 sáurios e 113 serpentes. Treze espécies, dentro do estado, possuem distribuição restrita, 13 não são encontradas em outros estados brasileiros e nove estão em processo de descrição. A riqueza de répteis do MS, mesmo que subestimada, corresponde a 25% das espécies conhecidas no Brasil. No planalto estão presentes 176 espécies, das quais 30% foram registradas somente neste local, enquanto que na planície de inundação ocorrem 131 espécies (6% exclusivas. O Cerrado é o domínio mais rico em espécies, ainda que esteja na região com maior lacuna de amostragem do estado. A porção mais conhecida é o centro-oeste do MS, que inclui o Pantanal. Cerca de 40% das espécies de répteis deste estudo tem ampla distribuição, ocorrendo em pelo menos cinco dos sete domínios brasileiros. Os répteis do estado são mais semelhantes àqueles do Chaco, provavelmente porque a fauna chaquenha é muito similar a do Pantanal, que contempla porções mais bem inventariadas do MS. Ainda que o Cerrado seja o domínio predominante no estado, o fato de ser pouco amostrado justifica a menor similaridade da sua fauna de répteis com o MS, quando comparado àquela do Chaco. De modo geral, a fauna estadual de répteis é mais parecida com aquela encontrada ao longo da diagonal de formações abertas da América do Sul. Apenas 18% das espécies foram avaliadas pela IUCN, o que reforça a necessidade de uma avaliação do estado de conservação das espécies do MS. O norte, sul e leste do estado não foram minimamente amostrados, o que é preocupante visto que são regi

  16. Soy moratorium impacts on soybean and deforestation dynamics in Mato Grosso, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kastens, Jude H; Brown, J Christopher; Coutinho, Alexandre Camargo; Bishop, Christopher R; Esquerdo, Júlio César D M

    2017-01-01

    Previous research has established the usefulness of remotely sensed vegetation index (VI) data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) to characterize the spatial dynamics of agriculture in the state of Mato Grosso (MT), Brazil. With these data it has become possible to track MT agriculture, which accounts for ~85% of Brazilian Amazon soy production, across periods of several years. Annual land cover (LC) maps support investigation of the spatiotemporal dynamics of agriculture as they relate to forest cover and governance and policy efforts to lower deforestation rates. We use a unique, spatially extensive 9-year (2005-2013) ground reference dataset to classify, with approximately 80% accuracy, MODIS VI data, merging the results with carefully processed annual forest and sugarcane coverages developed by Brazil's National Institute for Space Research to produce LC maps for MT for the 2001-2014 crop years. We apply the maps to an evaluation of forest and agricultural intensification dynamics before and after the Soy Moratorium (SoyM), a governance effort enacted in July 2006 to halt deforestation for the purpose of soy production in the Brazilian Amazon. We find the pre-SoyM deforestation rate to be more than five times the post-SoyM rate, while simultaneously observing the pre-SoyM forest-to-soy conversion rate to be more than twice the post-SoyM rate. These observations support the hypothesis that SoyM has played a role in reducing both deforestation and subsequent use for soy production. Additional analyses explore the land use tendencies of deforested areas and the conceptual framework of horizontal and vertical agricultural intensification, which distinguishes production increases attributable to cropland expansion into newly deforested areas as opposed to implementation of multi-cropping systems on existing cropland. During the 14-year study period, soy production was found to shift from predominantly single-crop systems to majority

  17. Territórios e identidades: mapeamento dos grupos sociais do Estado de Mato Grosso - Brasil Territories and Identities: social mapping of the State of Mato Grosso - Brazil

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    Regina Silva

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O Estado do Mato Grosso (Brasil possui uma rica diversidade ecológica somado ao mosaico cultural de identidades interatuantes nos territórios. Contudo, muitos grupos sociais estão "invisíveis"ou pouco conhecidos. esta pesquisa tem objetivo de mapear e registrar as identidades dos grupos sociais, portadores de saberes e práticas ambientais relevantes para construção de sociedades sustentáveis. neste artigo apresentamos o registro de 42 grupos sociais somados a 45 etnias indígenas totalizando um prognóstico de 87 identidades mato-grossenses. os resultados aqui apresentados vêm contribuir com a proteção ecológica dos ecossistemas e reforçar o reconhecimento das identidades coletivas que defendem diferentes territorialidades e merecem políticas públicas específicas para a autonomia de suas identidades e de seus territórios.The State of Mato Grosso (Brazil has a rich ecological diversity added to the cultural mosaic of interacting identities in the territories. However, many social groups are "invisible"or poorly known. This research aims at mapping and registering the identities of the social groups that carry knowledge and environmental practices relevant for the building of sustainable societies. In this article we present the register of 42 social groups added to 45 indigenous ethnic groups totalizing a prognosis of 87 mato-grossense identities. The results presented here contribute for the ecological protection of the ecosystems and reinforce the recognition of the collective identities that defend different territorialities and deserve specific public policies for the autonomy of their identities and their territories.

  18. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in swine matrices in Nova Mutum and Diamantino, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muraro, Lívia Saab; Caramori Júnior, João Garcia; Amendoeira, Maria Regina Reis; Pereira, Joyce Alves; Filho, João Xavier de Oliveira; Vicente, Regiane Trigueiro; Neves, Leandro Batista; Nicolau, José Leonardo; Igarashi, Michelle; Moura, Saulo Teixeira

    2010-01-01

    This report aimed to assess the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in 708 swine matrices in Nova Mutum and Diamantino in the state of Mato Grosso, Central-West Brazil. Serum samples were examined by indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). It was found a seroprevalence of 12.8%, considering titers ≥ 64. Therefore, the data reinforce the need for appropriate management of swine raising to minimize the risk of infection of pigs with T. gondii.

  19. Evaluation of preventative and control measures for congenital syphilis in State of Mato Grosso.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Leila Regina de; Costa, Maria da Conceição Nascimento; Barreto, Florisneide Rodrigues; Pereira, Susan Martins; Dourado, Inês; Teixeira, Maria Glória

    2014-01-01

    Congenital syphilis is an important health problem in Brazil. This study assessed measures aimed at the prevention and control of syphilis in the State of Mato Grosso and its capital, Cuiabá. A descriptive study cross-sectional and of time trends assessing the congenital syphilis was performed in Cuiabá and Mato Grosso between 2001 and 2011. We compared maternal sociodemographic characteristics and health care utilization related to cases of congenital syphilis during the periods from 2001 to 2006 and from 2007 to 2011. We assessed the temporal trends in this disease's incidence using a simple linear regression. Between 2001 and 2006 in Mato Grosso, 86.8% of the mothers who had live births with congenital syphilis received prenatal care, 90.6% presented with a nontreponemal test reagent at delivery, 96.2% had no information regarding a treponemal confirmatory test at delivery, and 77.6% received inadequate treatment for syphilis; additionally, 75.8% of their partners were not treated. There was a statistically significant reduction in prenatal visits (p = 0.004) and an increase in the proportion of mothers reactive to nontreponemal tests at delivery (p = 0.031) between the two periods. No other variables were found to differ significantly between the periods. In Cuiabá, we observed a similar distribution of variables. In the state and in the capital, the increasing trend of congenital syphilis was not statistically significant. The high incidence of congenital syphilis in Mato Grosso and the low levels of health care indicators for pregnant women with syphilis suggest the need to improve the coverage and quality of prenatal care.

  20. Evaluation of preventative and control measures for congenital syphilis in State of Mato Grosso

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    Leila Regina de Oliveira

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Congenital syphilis is an important health problem in Brazil. This study assessed measures aimed at the prevention and control of syphilis in the State of Mato Grosso and its capital, Cuiabá. Methods A descriptive study cross-sectional and of time trends assessing the congenital syphilis was performed in Cuiabá and Mato Grosso between 2001 and 2011. We compared maternal sociodemographic characteristics and health care utilization related to cases of congenital syphilis during the periods from 2001 to 2006 and from 2007 to 2011. We assessed the temporal trends in this disease's incidence using a simple linear regression. Results Between 2001 and 2006 in Mato Grosso, 86.8% of the mothers who had live births with congenital syphilis received prenatal care, 90.6% presented with a nontreponemal test reagent at delivery, 96.2% had no information regarding a treponemal confirmatory test at delivery, and 77.6% received inadequate treatment for syphilis; additionally, 75.8% of their partners were not treated. There was a statistically significant reduction in prenatal visits (p = 0.004 and an increase in the proportion of mothers reactive to nontreponemal tests at delivery (p = 0.031 between the two periods. No other variables were found to differ significantly between the periods. In Cuiabá, we observed a similar distribution of variables. In the state and in the capital, the increasing trend of congenital syphilis was not statistically significant. Conclusions The high incidence of congenital syphilis in Mato Grosso and the low levels of health care indicators for pregnant women with syphilis suggest the need to improve the coverage and quality of prenatal care.

  1. Panorama da Cadeia Produtiva da Suinocultura no Estado de Mato Grosso

    OpenAIRE

    Karine Medeiros Anunciato; Nelson Leitão Paes

    2016-01-01

    O presente estudo tem como objetivo geral descrever a cadeia produtiva da suinocultura no estado de Mato Grosso. A metodologia utilizada buscou detalhar a cadeia produtiva da suinocultura através de dados fornecidos da pesquisa de campo da ACRISMAT realizada em 2010, aplicada diretamente com 81 produtores e 09 frigoríficos. Em complemento foram entrevistados representantes de cooperativas deste segmento, no ano de 2014. A ACRISMAT considerou como amostra as microrregiões com maior representat...

  2. Hymenoptera “Parasitica” in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Eduardo Mitio Shimbori

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT A checklist composed of 105 species of parasitic Hymenoptera, which includes the non-aculeate Apocrita, recorded in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS, Brazil, is presented. A new list, containing 153 genera obtained in recent surveys is also presented; out of these 131 are new records. The major knowledge gaps for these organisms in the State and the prospects for future studies for these organisms are discussed.

  3. Análise de Rotas Alternativas de Transporte: O Caso da Soja de Mato Grosso

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    Elvio Souza Resende

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE A proposta deste trabalho é analisar as rotas de transporte de soja do Estado de Mato Grosso. O sistema de transporte da soja C um ponto importante na cadeia produtiva, pois a maior parte dos custos desta commodity é dado pelos custos de transporte. Nesse sentido, a otimização desse segmento é essencial para aumentar a competitividade da soja mato-grossense no mercado internacional. O complexo soja brasileiro tem aumentado a sua participação nas exportações dos produtos agrícolas nos últimos dez anos, mas os investimentos de outros países fazem com que as exportações brasileiras não fiquem tocadas apenas no crescimento da produção mas sim na eficiência de toda a cadeia produtiva. Levando em consideração os investimentos previstos do PAC (Plano de Aceleração do Crescimento em infraestrutura para Mato Grosso procurou-se estabelecer novas rotas para o escoamento da produção de soja em Mato Grosso. Assim concluiu-se que a expansão da ferrovia ate Rondonópolis, a recuperação e pavimentação da BR-163 proporcionarão condições para a redução do custo do frete para a soja mato-grossense.

  4. Land use effects on green water fluxes from agricultural production in Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lathuilliere, M. J.; Johnson, M. S.; Donner, S. D.

    2010-12-01

    The blue water/green water paradigm is increasingly used to differentiate between subsequent routing of precipitation once it reaches the soil. “Blue” water is that which infiltrates deep in the soil to become streams and aquifers, while “green” water is that which remains in the soil and is either evaporated (non-productive green water) or transpired by plants (productive green water). This differentiation in the fate of precipitation has provided a new way of thinking about water resources, especially in agriculture for which better use of productive green water may help to relieve stresses from irrigation (blue water). The state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, presents a unique case for the study of green water fluxes due to an expanding agricultural land base planted primarily to soybean, maize, sugar cane, and cotton. These products are highly dependent on green water resources in Mato Grosso where crops are almost entirely rain-fed. We estimate the change in green water fluxes from agricultural expansion for the 2000-2008 period in the state of Mato Grosso based on agricultural production data from the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatísticas and a modified Penman-Monteith equation. Initial results for seven municipalities suggest an increase in agricultural green water fluxes, ranging from 1-10% per year, due primarily to increases in cropped areas. Further research is underway to elucidate the role of green water flux variations from land use practices on the regional water cycle.

  5. [International migration, health, and work: an analysis of Haitians in Mato Grosso State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leão, Luís Henrique da Costa; Muraro, Ana Paula; Palos, Cássia Carraco; Martins, Maria Angela C; Borges, Fabiano Tonaco

    2017-07-27

    This article addresses the relations between immigration, health, and work in Haitian immigrants in Cuiabá and Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, emphasizing their work conditions. This was an exploratory study based on primary data collected through a survey of the Haitian population in Cuiabá in 2014-2015. A total of 452 Haitians were interviewed, living in Cuiabá and Várzea Grande (373 men and 79 women), and the findings point to the precarious social situation of Haitian immigrants in Mato Grosso State, marked by high unemployment. Of the immigrants interviewed, 52.7% were currently working and 26.5% reported a workweek greater than 48 hours. The two main occupations for Haitian immigrants in Cuiabá were construction and services, and most were working below their original level of training, skills sets, and job experience in Haiti. The main risks identified in these two sectors were physical (53.2% and 63.4%, respectively) and accidents (23.4% and 17.1%, respectively), in addition to reports of physical and psychosocial distress. The study points to the precarious social, economic, and labor conditions of the Haitian population in the capital of Mato Grosso.

  6. UFUS-Imperial: nova cultivar de soja para o Estado de Mato Grosso UFUS-Imperial: new soybean cultivar for the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Osvaldo Toshiyuki Hamawaki

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A fim de ampliar as opções ao cultivo da soja, a Universidade Federal de Uberlândia lançou a cultivar UFUS-Imperial, proveniente do cruzamento entre (Msoy 8411xMsoy 8914 x (Emgopa 313xTucano. A cultivar apresentou resistência ao acamamento, à deiscência da vagem e aos patógenos: Fusarium solani, Cercospora sojina, Peronospora manshurica, Xanthomonas campestris pv. glycines e Diaporthe phaseolorum f.sp. meridionalis, e resistência parcial a Septoria glycines, Erysiphe diffusa e Phakopsora pachyrhizi. O rendimento dessa cultivar, em ensaios regionais, foi 45% superior ao da testemunha Msoy 6101, e é indicada para o Estado de Mato Grosso.With the purpose of offering new options for soybean production, the Universidade Federal de Uberlândia released the cultivar UFUS-Imperial, originated from the crosses between (Msoy 8411xMsoy 8914 x (Emgopa 313xTucano. It showed resistance to lodging, to pod shattering, and to the pathogens Fusarium solani, Cercospora sojina, Peronospora manshurica, Xanthomonas campestris pv. glycines and Diaporthe phaseolorum f.sp. meridionalis, and partial resistance to Septoria glycines, Erysiphe diffusa, and Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Its average yield from uniform trials was 45% higher than that of the control Msoy 6101, and it is indicated for cultivation in the State of Mato Grosso.

  7. Nectandra Rol. ex Rottb. (Lauraceae no Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Nectandra Rol. ex Rottb. (Lauraceae in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil

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    Flávio Macedo Alves

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho apresenta o estudo taxonômico das espécies do gênero Nectandra no Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Baseados na análise morfológica dos espécimes coletados em diferentes regiões do Estado são confirmados oito espécies de Nectandra: N. amazonum Nees, N. cissiflora Nees, N. cuspidata Nees, N. falcifolia (Nees J.A. Castigl. ex Mart. Crov. & Piccinini, N. gardneri Meisn., N. hihua (Ruiz & Pav. Rohwer, N. megapotamica (Spreng. Mez e N. psammophila Nees. É fornecida uma chave de identificação para as espécies e apresentados descrições morfológicas, dados de distribuição geográfica, habitat, aspectos fenológicos, comentários taxonômicos e ilustrações para cada espécie.This paper presents the taxonomic study of the species of Nectandra from Mato Grosso do Sul. Eight species of Nectandra were identified through the morphological analyses of specimens collected in different regions from the State: N. amazonum Nees, N. cissiflora Nees, N. cuspidata Nees, N. falcifolia (Nees J.A. Castigl. ex Mart. Crov. & Piccinini, N. gardneri Meisn., N. hihua (Ruiz & Pav. Rohwer, N. megapotamica (Spreng. Mez and N. psammophila Nees. Identification key, morphological descriptions, geographic distribution, habitat, fenologic aspect, taxonomic comments, and illustrations are presented.

  8. Assessment of the treatment of chronic hepatitis C in the state of Mato Grosso, central Brazil

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    Francisco Kennedy Scofoni Faleiros de Azevedo

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In Brazil, the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV infection is funded by the national public health system (SUS. To evaluate treatment results in the state of Mato Grosso, central Brazil, we have consulted the files of the office of the State Department of Health responsible for supplying such medications. We obtained information on 232 treatments of 201 patients who underwent treatment in or prior to 2008. The study was conducted by reviewing medical records, making telephone calls and interviewing the assistant physicians. Thirty-nine patients (19.4% had cirrhosis and HCV genotype 1 predominated (64.3%. Excluding patients with comorbidities or treatment without ribavirin we analysed 175 treatments (sustained virologic response occurred in 32.6% of cases. Twenty-six of these 175 were retreatments and the sustained virological response (SVR rate among them was 30.8%; the SVR rate was 32.9% among those receiving treatment for the first time. The SVR rate of genotype 1 patients was 27.8%, whereas it was 37.5% in non-1 genotype patients. The adjusted multivariate analysis showed association of SVR with the absence of cirrhosis [odds ratio (OR: 7.7; confidence interval (CI 95%: 2.5, 33.3], the use of pegylated interferon (OR: 5.8; CI 95%: 1.5, 21.4, non-1 genotype (OR: 5.3; CI 95%: 1.7, 16.7 and uninterrupted treatment (OR: 9.0; CI 95%: 3.3, 45.4. The SVR rates were similar to those found in other Brazilian studies about HCV, but lower than those found in national and international clinical trials. These data suggest that the treatments of chronic hepatitis C that are made available by SUS does not, under normal conditions, work as well as the original controlled studies indicated.

  9. Spatial patterns of malaria in a land reform colonization project, Juruena municipality, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Elaine Cristina; dos Santos, Emerson Soares; Zeilhofer, Peter; Souza-Santos, Reinaldo; Atanaka-Santos, Marina

    2011-06-26

    In Brazil, 99% of malaria cases are concentrated in the Amazon, and malaria's spatial distribution is commonly associated with socio-environmental conditions on a fine landscape scale. In this study, the spatial patterns of malaria and its determinants in a rural settlement of the Brazilian agricultural reform programme called "Vale do Amanhecer" in the northern Mato Grosso state were analysed. In a fine-scaled, exploratory ecological study, geocoded notification forms corresponding to malaria cases from 2005 were compared with spectral indices, such as the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and the third component of the Tasseled Cap Transformation (TC_3) and thematic layers, derived from the visual interpretation of multispectral TM-Landsat 5 imagery and the application of GIS distance operators. Of a total of 336 malaria cases, 102 (30.36%) were caused by Plasmodium falciparum and 174 (51.79%) by Plasmodium vivax. Of all the cases, 37.6% (133 cases) were from residents of a unique road. In total, 276 cases were reported for the southern part of the settlement, where the population density is higher, with notification rates higher than 10 cases per household. The local landscape mostly consists of open areas (38.79 km²). Training forest occupied 27.34 km² and midsize vegetation 7.01 km². Most domiciles with more than five notified malaria cases were located near areas with high NDVI values. Most domiciles (41.78%) and malaria cases (44.94%) were concentrated in areas with intermediate values of the TC_3, a spectral index representing surface and vegetation humidity. Environmental factors and their alteration are associated with the occurrence and spatial distribution of malaria cases in rural settlements.

  10. Spatial patterns of malaria in a land reform colonization project, Juruena municipality, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Souza-Santos Reinaldo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Brazil, 99% of malaria cases are concentrated in the Amazon, and malaria's spatial distribution is commonly associated with socio-environmental conditions on a fine landscape scale. In this study, the spatial patterns of malaria and its determinants in a rural settlement of the Brazilian agricultural reform programme called "Vale do Amanhecer" in the northern Mato Grosso state were analysed. Methods In a fine-scaled, exploratory ecological study, geocoded notification forms corresponding to malaria cases from 2005 were compared with spectral indices, such as the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI and the third component of the Tasseled Cap Transformation (TC_3 and thematic layers, derived from the visual interpretation of multispectral TM-Landsat 5 imagery and the application of GIS distance operators. Results Of a total of 336 malaria cases, 102 (30.36% were caused by Plasmodium falciparum and 174 (51.79% by Plasmodium vivax. Of all the cases, 37.6% (133 cases were from residents of a unique road. In total, 276 cases were reported for the southern part of the settlement, where the population density is higher, with notification rates higher than 10 cases per household. The local landscape mostly consists of open areas (38.79 km². Training forest occupied 27.34 km² and midsize vegetation 7.01 km². Most domiciles with more than five notified malaria cases were located near areas with high NDVI values. Most domiciles (41.78% and malaria cases (44.94% were concentrated in areas with intermediate values of the TC_3, a spectral index representing surface and vegetation humidity. Conclusions Environmental factors and their alteration are associated with the occurrence and spatial distribution of malaria cases in rural settlements.

  11. Serological and molecular inquiry of Chagas disease in an Afro-descendant settlement in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Mariana Furquim da Silva; Pereira, Mariane Barroso; Ferreira, Juliana de Jesus Guimarães; França, Adriana de Oliveira; Cominetti, Marlon Cézar; Ferreira, Eduardo de Castro; Dorval, Maria Elizabeth Moraes Cavalheiros; Rossi, Cláudio Lúcio; Mazon, Sílvia de Barros; de Almeida, Eros Antonio; Costa, Sandra Cecília Botelho; Marcon, Gláucia Elisete Barbosa

    2018-01-01

    Furnas do Dionísio is a Brazilian Afro-descendant settlement in the city of Jaraguari, 21.4 miles from Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Approximately 96 families live in this quilombola (Maroon) settlement, also known in Brazil as a remnant community of descendants of African slaves. Recent studies found 20% of households were infested by triatomines, 18% of insects captured in the community were infected by Trypanosoma cruzi, and 22.7% of dogs presented T. cruzi antibodies. The low prevalence of Chagas disease observed in humans in Mato Grosso do Sul State is attributed to its arrival via colonist migration and subsequent transplacental transmission. In order to gain a better understanding of the T. cruzi cycle in residents of the study community, serological and molecular tests were carried out to diagnose Chagas disease. In the present study, 175 residents between 2 and 80 years old were included. A total of 175 participants were interviewed and 170 provided blood samples, which were tested for T. cruzi antibodies with serological tests. Molecular diagnosis was performed in 167 participants by PCR (KDNA) and NPCR (satellite DNA) tests. One of the 170 samples tested positive for all serological tests performed. The overall frequency of Chagas disease in the community was low (0.6%). Interview responses revealed that 66.3% knew of triatomine insects and 65.7% reported having had no contact with them. Physical improvements to residences, together with vector surveillance and control by the State and municipal governments and local ecological conservation contribute to the low frequency of the Chagas disease in this quilombola community.

  12. Underreporting of gestational, congenital and acquired syphilis among indigenous peoples in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, 2011-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiago, Zuleica da Silva; Picoli, Renata Palópoli; Graeff, Samara Vilas-Boas; Cunha, Rivaldo Venâncio da; Arantes, Rui

    2017-01-01

    to describe the distribution, incidence, and underreporting of syphilis among indigenous peoples from Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. descriptive study performed with secondary data of the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (Sinan) and of the Special Indigenous Sanitary District of Mato Grosso do Sul (DSEI-MS), from 2011 to 2014; the data from both sources were compared to identify underreporting. the highest incidence rates of syphilis in pregnant women were observed in 2014 (41.1/1,000 live births) and of congenital syphilis, in 2013 (10.7/1,000 live births); the highest numbers of underreporting of cases were for syphilis in pregnant women on Sinan (45/79), of congenital syphilis at DSEI-MS (8/17) in 2014, and of acquired syphilis on Sinan in 2011 and 2013 (5/9 and 10/18, respectively). syphilis has a high incidence; underreporting hides the extent of the disease in indigenous peoples from Mato Grosso do Sul.

  13. Prevalence of anti-Neospora caninum antibodies in cattle from the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil Prevalência de anticorpos anti-Neospora caninum em rebanhos bovinos de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Leandra M. Oshiro

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Neospora caninum is an obligate intracellular parasite that can infect domestic and wild canids, as well as ruminants and equines. It was described in 1988 and has been known as a major cause of abortion in bovines and neuromuscular alterations and death in dogs. To estimate the prevalence of bovine neosporosis in the 22 municipalities of the so-called Estrato 1 subregion of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul, blood samples were collected from cows aged 24 months and older, from December 2003 to March 2004. During sample collection, a questionnaire was used to gather data of epidemiological interest. The samples were subjected to serological diagnosis (indirect fluorescence antibody test - IFAT. Prevalences of 14.9% (449/2488 and 69.8% (143/205 were found for the animals and herds sampled, respectively. The variable found to be associated with seropositivity to N. caninum was abortion (OR 2.52; CI 1.25-5.06. The results revealed the presence of infection by N. caninum in the herds investigated, drawing attention to its role as a potential cause of abortion in cattle in Mato Grosso do Sul.Neospora caninum é um parasita intracelular obrigatório que pode infectar canídeos domésticos e selvagens, ruminantes e eqüídeos. Esse parasita foi descrito em 1988 e, desde sua descoberta, tem emergido como uma das principais causas de aborto em bovinos, além de causar alterações neuromusculares e morte em cães. Para estimar a prevalência da neosporose bovina em 22 municípios que compõem a sub-região denominada Estrato 1 do estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, foram analisados soros obtidos no período de dezembro de 2003 a março de 2004 de fêmeas com idade igual ou superior a 24 meses. Durante a colheita das amostras foi preenchido um questionário com informações de interesse epidemiológico. A determinação da presença de anticorpos anti-N. caninum foi feita pela Reação de Imunofluorescência Indireta, sendo as prevalências encontradas

  14. Occurrence, biology and behavior of Liogenys fuscus Blanchard (Insecta, Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae in Aquidauana, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil Ocorrência, biologia e comportamento de Liogenys fuscus Blanchard (Insecta, Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae em Aquidauana, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Sérgio Roberto Rodrigues

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the importance of some Pleurosticti Scarabaeidae as agricultural pests allied to information absence on the species that occur in Brazilian Central-West region, on studies occurrence, biology and behavior on this group of scarabs were conducted. Biology and behavioral studies started with Liogenys fuscus Blanchard, 1850 (Melolonthinae, a very common species and were developed in Aquidauana, Mato Grosso do Sul. Adult beetles were collected from light traps from February 2005 to January 2007, at the experimental farm of the Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul in Aquidauana (UEMS. In the laboratory adults were placed in plastic containers with soil with sprouts of Brachiaria decumbens Stapf (Poaceae. Eggs were transferred to a climatized chamber at 26 ± 1º C with a 12hourlight, 12hour darkness photoperiod cycle. Adult flight activity occurred in August and in September to December from 06:00 pm to 06:00 am, with the largest number of individuals flying from 07:00 to 10:00 pm. Eggs measured 1 x 1.5 mm and were laid individually or in groups in soil chambers; eggs were initially white and became yellow near hatching. The embryonic period lasted 14.3 days; first, second and third instars lasted 28.5, 48.8, and 68.2 days, respectively. The prepupal period lasted 120.2 days and the prepupa stayed inactive in soil. The mean duration of pupal stage was 27.5 days and the mean longevity of adults was 23.6 days. In laboratory the calling behavior between males and females was observed; copulation lasted, in mean, 25 minutes.Devido à importância de alguns Scarabaeidae Pleurosticti como causadores de danos à agricultura, aliada à ausência de informações sobre as espécies que ocorrem na região Centro Oeste, foram desenvolvidos estudos sobre a ocorrência, biologia e comportamento sobre este grupo de escarabeídeos. Foram iniciados com Liogenys fuscus Blanchard, 1850 (Melolonthinae, espécie muito comum em Aquidauana, Mato Grosso do Sul

  15. Teste tuberculínico: pesquisa operacional no Mato Grosso do Sul Tuberculin skin test: operational research in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Sandra Maria do Valle Leone de Oliveira

    2011-10-01

    aspects of tuberculin skin test (TST use in tuberculosis control programs and at specialized Brazilian National Sexually Transmitted Diseases/AIDS and Viral Hepatitis Program health care clinics in priority municipalities for tuberculosis control in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. METHODS: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional, epidemiological survey. Data on qualifications/training of professionals administering TSTs, timing of the TST, procedures in cases of loss to follow-up (reading, material availability, and material storage were collected through interviews and technical visits. For the 2008-2009 period, we determined the numbers of screenings in vulnerable populations, of TSTs performed, and of patients treated for latent tuberculosis. RESULTS: We interviewed 12 program managers in six municipalities. Some programs/clinics did not perform TSTs. Nursing teams administered the TSTs, results were read by non-specialists, and specialization/refresher courses were scarce. The PPD RT23 was stored in 5-mL flasks under appropriate conditions. Insulin syringes were commonly used. Testing was available during business hours, three times a week. In cases of loss to follow-up, telephone calls or home visits were made. Of the 2,305 TSTs evaluated, 1,053 (46% were performed in indigenous populations; 831 (36% were screenings in prisons, performed for training; and only 421 (18% involved contacts of tuberculosis patients or vulnerable populations. Four vulnerable patients and 126 indigenous subjects were treated for latent tuberculosis. CONCLUSIONS: These priority municipalities showed operational difficulties regarding human resources, materials, and data records.

  16. Estabilidade fenotípica de genótipos de algodoeiro no Estado do Mato Grosso Phenotypic stability in cotton genotypes in Mato Grosso State, Brazil

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    Eulália Soler Sobreira Hoogerheide

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Foram avaliados oito genótipos de algodoeiro herbáceo, sendo três linhagens e cinco cultivares, com o objetivo de estimar a adaptabilidade e estabilidade fenotípica para o caráter produtividade de algodão em caroço, pelo método Eberhart e Russell. Foram conduzidos 12 experimentos em 11 locais no Estado do Mato Grosso, sob um delineamento de blocos ao acaso com oito repetições, no ano agrícola 2000/2001. Praticamente todos os genótipos apresentaram coeficiente de determinação acima de 85%, exceto Delta Opal. As estimativas de adaptabilidade indicam que todos os genótipos apresentaram adaptação ampla (b i = 1. Quanto à estabilidade, os genótipos CNPA ITA 90, BRS Antares, CNPA 96-124, CNPA 96-283 e BRS Aroeira revelaram-se estáveis (S²d i= 0. Os melhores genótipos, caracterizados pela maior produtividade, estabilidade e adaptabilidade ampla foram CNPA ITA 90, BRS Aroeira e CNPA 96-124.Eight cotton genotypes, three lines and five cultivars, were evaluated for estimation of phenotypic adaptability and stability parameters relative to cotton yield using the method proposed by Eberhart and Russell. Twelve yield trials, in randomized complete blocks, comprising eight replications, were carried out in 11 locations of the Mato Grosso State, during the 2000/2001 crop season. All the genotypes showed determination coefficient above of 85%, except Delta Opal. For the estimates of adaptability, all the genotypes presented broad adaptation (b i = 1. The genotypes CNPA ITA 90, BRS Antares, CNPA 96-124, CNPA 96-283 and BRS Aroeira showing hight stability (S²d i= 0. The best genotypes, characterized by higher yield, stability and broad adaptability, were CNPA ITA 90, BRS Aroeira and CNPA 96-124.

  17. Checklist of the Heleomyzidae, Neriidae and Oestridae (Insecta, Diptera in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Julia Calhau

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT We provide a checklist of flies of the families Heleomyzidae, Neriidae, and Oestridae in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Heleomyzidae are represented in Brazil by 13 species, and only Neorhinotora aristalis (Fischer is recorded to the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. The two reported species of Neriidae, Longina abdominalis Wiedemann and Nerius pilifer Fabricius, are among the 15 species now known in Brazil. The Oestridae family is represented by two species distributed in two genera: Dermatobia hominis (Linnaeus Jr. and Cuterebra rufiventris Macquart.

  18. Primeiro registro de Guyalna cuta em pinhão-manso no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Harley Nonato de Oliveira

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se do primeiro registro de ocorrência de Guyalna cuta (Walker (Hemiptera: Cicadidae em pinhão-manso, Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. Adultos desse inseto foram observados na parte aérea da planta, durante novembro e dezembro de 2008 e de 2009. Em Mato Grosso do Sul, existem plantios comerciais e experimentais do pinhão-manso, tornando-se necessários estudos relacionados a este inseto, a fim de prevenir eventuais danos à cultura.

  19. ESTUDO ETNOBOTÂNICO EM UMA ÁREA DE CERRADO NO MUNICÍPIO DE ACORIZAL, MATO GROSSO

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    Neto, Germano Guarim; Pasa, Maria Corette

    2013-01-01

      RESUMO - (Estudo etnobotânico em uma área de cerrado no município de Acorizal, Mato Grosso). São apresentados os resultados do estudo etnobotânico realizado em uma área de 1,5ha de cerrado no município de Acorizal, Mato Grosso, envolvendo os recursos vegetais presentes na amostragem e suas diferentes utilizações pela população. Entre as formas de uso dos recursos vegetais catalogados, situam-se as plantas com potencialidades medicinal, ornamental e madeireira; aquelas com frutos comestívei...

  20. Checklist de Odonata do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Marciel Elio Rodrigues

    Full Text Available RESUMO Nós registramos 198 espécies de Odonata para o Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, distribuídas em dez famílias: Calopterygidae (6 spp., Coenagrionidae (58 spp., Dicteriadidae (1 sp., Lestidae (5 spp., Protoneuridae (10 spp., Pseudostigmatidae (1 sp., Aeshinidae (8 spp., Corduliidae (1 sp., Gomphidae (13 spp. e Libellulidae (95 spp.. Uma família, seis gêneros e 33 espécies como primeiro registro de coleta no estado são incluídos.

  1. CARACTERIZAÇÃO DOS AGLOMERADOS AGROINDUSTRIAIS DE MATO GROSSO DO SUL

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    Neto, Leonardo Francisco Figueiredo; Rodrigues, Fabio Da Silva; REINERT, JOSE NILSON

    2008-01-01

    O objetivo deste artigo foi caracterizar os aglomerados agroindustriais de Mato Grosso do Sul (MS), baseado nas metodologias disponíveis de desenvolvimento local. A importância deste estudo se deu pelo fato de identificar os aglomerados industriais (Sistemas Locais de Produção) distribuídos pelo território do estado de MS, caracterizá-los e divulgar as políticas públicas existentes e sugerir novas que possam viabilizar os atuais aglomerados e atrair novos investimentos. Trata-se de uma pesqui...

  2. OCURRENCE OF FILARIOSIS IN DOGS FROM RIVERSIDE COMMUNITIES FROM TELES PIRES RIVER, MATO GROSSO STATE

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    A. C. Zane

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The ocurrence of canine heartworm disease Dirofilaria immitis in dogs Sinop and Guarantã do Norte, Mato Grosso State, Brazil was investigated. A total of 57 blood samples collected from dogs from coastal communities of Teles Pires River in the period between March and May 2014 were examined. The techinic udes in the circulating microfilariae research was Knott modified and Ohish staining method. No infected animal was verified in this present survey. This result shows that new surveys should be done to confirm the results or method as a baseline for new surveys.

  3. DISCUSSION ABOUT SOME ASPECTS OF THE MANAGEMENT INNOVATION IN MATO GROSSO

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    Joel Paese

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the relationship between the importance attached to innovation by a portion of their managers in Mato Grosso and the actions to generate new technologies. It is observed that is attributed centrality of technological innovation for the competitiveness of enterprises, but the development of new products, processes or services is incipient. From Schumpeter's and the "triple helix’s" theory of innovation, the data are explained by a lack of "leadership" can make the interactions between the actors are not only tangential but overlapping, so as to generate synergy network.

  4. Rust in Plumeria spp. (Apocynaceae in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

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    Cassia de Carvalho

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Frangipani (Plumeria spp. is a plant widely used in urban ornamentation, due to its hardiness, easy handling and exuberance of its flowers. Plumeria spp. Leaves were collected in Dourados, MS, Brazil, with typical symptoms and signs of the presence of rust: powdery yellowish uredinias in the abaxial and chlorotic and necrotic spots on the adaxial surface of the leaves, sometimes resulting in leaf abscission. The present study aims to record the occurrence of the disease in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul. Microscopic observations and measurements of uredinospores and teliospores confirmed that the fungus infecting plants was Coleosporium plumeriae.

  5. RIBEIRINHOS E RECURSOS VEGETAIS: A ETNOBOTÂNICA EM BONSUCESSO, VÁRZEA GRANDE, MATO GROSSO

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    DAVID, MARGÔ DE; PASA, MARIA CORETTE

    2016-01-01

    O estudo foi realizado na comunidade Bonsucesso, em Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso, com o objetivo de identificar as espécies vegetais presentes nos quintais e utilizadas pelos ribeirinhos, bem como o manejo e a conservação desses recursos. Aplicou-se pré-teste, observação direta, entrevistas semiestruturadas, história de vida e turnê guiada. Foram entrevistados 45 moradores com idade entre 29 e 89 anos. Os entrevistados citaram 148 espécies, distribuídas em 68 famílias botânicas. As plantas cita...

  6. Perspectives for distributed generation of electricity in the States of Sao Paulo, Bahia and Mato Grosso; Perspectivas da geracao distribuida de eletricidade nos estados de Sao Paulo, Bahia e Mato Grosso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bajay, Sergio Valdir; Leite, Alvaro Afonso Furtado [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (NIPE/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Planejamento Energetico], Email: bajay@fem.unicamp.br; Carvalho, Claudio Bezerra de [Universidade do Estado da Bahia (UNEB), Alagoinhas, BA (Brazil); Dorileo, Ivo Leandro [Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso (UFMT), Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Estudos em Planejamento Energetico

    2006-07-01

    This paper addresses the concept of distributed generation of electricity and the current support policies for such kind of generation in the country. Their diffusion perspectives in the States of Sao Paulo, Bahia and Mato Grosso are discussed. The more promising technologies and new policies for them are pointed out. (author)

  7. Cestóides proteocefalídeos de "cachara", Pseudoplatystoma fasciatus (L. (Pisces, Pimelodidae de Mato Grosso Proteocephalid cestodes from Pseudoplatystoma fasciatus (L. (Pisces, Pimelodidae from Mato Grosso State, Brazil

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    A. Arandas Rêgo

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available The author describes three species of protcocephalid cestodes from the Pimelodid fish, Pseudoplatystoma fasciatus (L. from rivers of Mato Grosso, Brazil: Nomimoscolex lopesi sp. n., Peltidocotyle rugosa Diesing, 1850 and Spatulifer rugosa (Woodland, 1935. P. rugosa is for the first time referred in this fish species. One hyperparasite nematode specimen was found in a strobila of S. rugosa.

  8. Heterogeneity of malaria prevalence in alluvial gold mining areas in Northern Mato Grosso State, Brazil Heterogeneidade da prevalência de malária em garimpos do norte de Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Alisson Flávio Barbieri

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes factors affecting the risk of malaria among individuals working in wildcat gold mining camps (garimpos in northern Mato Grosso State in the Brazilian Amazon. Historically, such mining camps have the locations with the highest malaria prevalence in the Brazilian Amazon. However, little attention has focused on understanding the disease from the internal perspective of the mining camps themselves, such as the mining population's characteristics and its spatial organization. This paper adopts a stepwise logistic model to identify spatial, occupational-exposure, and cultural factors that affect malaria prevalence. According to the results, differences among individuals working and/or living in the gold mining areas could produce different exposure to the disease and thus to different risk of malaria prevalence. Understanding these differences may provide an important tool for identifying risk profiles in the gold mining and related population and for informing programs for prevention and treatment of malaria in the Amazon.O artigo analisa fatores que afetam o risco de malária entre garimpeiros de ouro no norte de Mato Grosso, Brasil. Historicamente, os garimpos apresentam a maior prevalência de malária da Amazônia Legal brasileira. Entretanto, até o momento houve pouca investigação no sentido de compreender a doença desde a perspectiva interna dos próprios garimpos, ou seja, através das características da população garimpeira e da sua organização espacial. O artigo adota um modelo logístico stepwise para identificar fatores territoriais, culturais e de exposição ocupacional que afetam a prevalência da malária. Com base nos resultados, diferenças entre indivíduos que trabalham e/ou vivem nas áreas de garimpo poderiam produzir variações na exposição à doença, levando a um risco diferenciado de prevalência de malária. A compreensão dessas diferenças pode representar uma ferramenta importante para

  9. Seroepidemiological inquiry on bovine neosporosis in northern Mato Grosso state, Brazil

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    Riciely Vanessa Justo

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This work involved the study of anti-Neospora caninum antibodies by indirect immunofluorescence assay in serum samples of 205 cows (Bos taurus indicus Nellore, pure origin, aged over 24 months, reared on farms in the municipalities of Sinop, Itaúba, Colíder, Carlinda and Guarantã do Norte, Mato Grosso state, Brazil. An epidemiological evaluation through an interview with employees responsible for taking care of the animals during the period of 2010-2012. The studied area revealed epidemiological conditions favorable for the occurrence of bovine neosporosis, with 37.56% seropositive animals for anti-N. caninum. Sinop (70% and Carlinda (50% showed a frequency of seropositive animals was statistically equal to that observed (26.67% in other studies for other cities in Brazil. By confronting the serological status of the animals with variables of questionnaire, there was association (p < 0.01 between seropositivity of cows and the natural sources of drinking water, the incidence of abortion and repeating estrus. However, there was no statistical association between seropositive cows and the occurrence of neonatal deaths (p = 0.075, stillbirths (p = 0.02, presence of domestic dogs (p = 0.9 and the habit of giving raw offal to dogs (p = 0.93. Besides the occurrence of N. caninum, it was evidenced misinformation about bovine neosporosis and its control among interviewed people. This first study shows the need for further research on the epidemiology of bovine neosporosis in northern Mato Grosso state.

  10. A hepatite B e os movimentos migratórios no Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Francisco José Dutra Souto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A hepatite B é a principal causa de doença hepática na Amazônia, sendo um de seus maiores problemas de saúde pública. A partir dos anos 70, intensificou-se a migração para o sul da Amazônia. No norte do Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil, foram identificados surtos de hepatite B comunitária e alta prevalência de seus marcadores entre os migrantes após meses da chegada. Análise de subtipos do antígeno de superfície do virus sugere que os migrantes trouxeram o agente infeccioso de suas regiões de origem. Fatores ambientais e comportamentais provavelmente facilitaram a rápida disseminação do vírus da hepatite B nessas comunidades. Dados mais recentes demonstram que a manutenção de vacinação e vigilância nas regiões mais acometidas está diminuindo a incidência da infecção. O aumento do número de casos de hepatite delta entre os portadores do vírus B no norte do Estado de Mato Grosso começa a ser detectado, provavelmente resultante do maior contato com os Estados vizinhos, que têm alta prevalência de hepatite delta.

  11. Panorama da Cadeia Produtiva da Suinocultura no Estado de Mato Grosso

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    Karine Medeiros Anunciato

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo tem como objetivo geral descrever a cadeia produtiva da suinocultura no estado de Mato Grosso. A metodologia utilizada buscou detalhar a cadeia produtiva da suinocultura através de dados fornecidos da pesquisa de campo da ACRISMAT realizada em 2010, aplicada diretamente com 81 produtores e 09 frigoríficos. Em complemento foram entrevistados representantes de cooperativas deste segmento, no ano de 2014. A ACRISMAT considerou como amostra as microrregiões com maior representatividade no Estado, utilizando a metodologia rapid appraisal para a escolha dos entrevistados nestas microrregiões. Durante a análise da cadeia produtiva, observou-se que o Sistema Intensivo de Suínos Confinados (SISCON, é encontrado em 95% das granjas do estado, no ano de 2010. Com relação aos tipos de granja dados apontam que 32% das granjas são do tipo CC, 17% do tipo UPL e 48% do tipo UT nas principais regiões produtoras, de suínos do estado de Mato Grosso.

  12. Leishmania infantum AS A CAUSATIVE AGENT OF CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS IN THE STATE OF MATO GROSSO DO SUL, BRAZIL

    OpenAIRE

    CASTRO, Ludiele Souza; FRANÇA, Adriana de Oliveira; FERREIRA, Eduardo de Castro; HANS FILHO, Günther; HIGA JÚNIOR, Minoru German; GONTIJO, Célia Maria Ferreira; PEREIRA, Agnes Antônia Sampaio; DORVAL, Maria Elizabeth Moraes C.

    2016-01-01

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis is caused by different species of theLeishmania genus. Leishmania(Leishmania) infantum, causing cutaneous leishmaniasis, has been described in patients living in areas where visceral leishmaniasis is endemic. In this study, it was possible to characterize this species in seven slides from cutaneous tissue imprints from patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

  13. Reptilia, Squamata, Amphisbaenia, Amphisbaena cuiabana (Strussmann and Carvalho, 2001: Range extension in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Silva, P. C.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Amphisbaena cuiabana (Strüssmann and Carvalho, 2001 is reported from three localities in Mato Grosso,Brazil. These new records extend its known distribution on 275 km northwest, 230 km west, 67 km east of its type-locality.We redefine the diagnosis of the species based on these additional specimens.

  14. Mortalidade por doenças cardiorrespiratórias em idosos no estado de Mato Grosso, 1986 a 2006 Mortalidad por enfermedades cardiorrespiratorias en ancianos en el Estado de Mato Grosso, 1996 a 2006 Mortality due to cardiorespiratory diseases in elderly people in Mato Grosso state, 1986 to 2006

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    Cleber Nascimento do Carmo

    2010-12-01

    tendencia de las tasas específicas de mortalidad por grupos específicos de edad (60 a 69, 70 a 70 y 80 o más años y sexo. RESULTADOS: Hubo aumento en la proporción de óbitos por enfermedades respiratorias y disminución por enfermedades cardiovasculares. En la comparación de tasas entre los sexos, las mujeres presentaron tasas 15% menores para las causas cardiovasculares y tasas similares al sexo masculino para las causas respiratorias Se observó tasa elevada de mortalidad por enfermedades respiratorias y cardiovasculares, con importante tendencia de incremento entre los grupos más longevos. En ancianos con edad ³80 años o aumento anual promedio en la tasa de mortalidad por enfermedades respiratorias fue de 1,99 óbitos y de 3,43 por enfermedades del aparato circulatorio. CONCLUSIONES: El Estado de Mato Grosso presenta elevada tasa de mortalidad por enfermedades respiratorias y cardiovasculares en ancianos, con importante tendencia de incremento entre los grupos más longevos.OBJECTIVE: To describe time trends of mortality due to cardiorespiratory diseases in elderly people. METHODS: Epidemiological descriptive study with an ecological time series approach conducted in the state of Mato Grosso, Central-West Brazil, between 1986 and 2006. Data were obtained from the Brazilian Ministry of Health Mortality Database. Linear regression models were adjusted to analyze trends in mortality rates by age groups (60 to 69; 70 to 79; and 80 or more and gender. RESULTS: There was an increase in proportion of deaths due to respiratory diseases and a decrease in proportion of deaths due to cardiovascular diseases. As for gender, cardiovascular rates were 15% lower in women than men and respiratory rates were similar in both men and women. High mortality rates for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases were observed with increasing trends among the oldest-old groups. The annual average increase for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in those aged 80 years and older was 1

  15. Changements d’occupation du sol et leurs impacts climatiques au Mato Grosso, Brésil Mudanças no uso da terra e impactos climaticos no Mato Grosso, Brasil Land cover changes and their climatic impacts in Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Dubreuil

    2010-03-01

    do Mato Grosso, Rondonópolis, Sorriso e Sinop. Observações feitas pelo método de transecto móvel em julho de 2009 mostrou que as temperaturas são mais elevadas em áreas densas urbanizadas, embora as diferenças dentro das próprias cidades. O efeito de ilha de calor urbano é particularmente bem marcada, especialmente à noite e durante a estação seca, mas, localmente, o papel da topografia e dos parques é também muito sensível (ilha de fresca urbano.Changes in land cover (deforestation, urbanization in the Brazilian Amazon have a strong effect on the temperatures at local scale. This paper compares the temperatures of July 2007 between the urban area, the area deforested for pasture and forest in the region of Alta Floresta (Mato Grosso. The climatic changes are marked during the day but especially in the beginning and the end of the day (with significant differences between temperatures of 2 ° C to 4.3 ° C between the forest sector and the city center. The cleared area is generally warmer than the forest area. A second part of the paper concerns the study of the urban heat island for three cities of Mato Grosso: Rondonopolis, Sorriso and Sinop. Observations made by the mobile transect method in July 2009 show that temperatures are higher in dense urbanized areas than in residential areas. The effect of urban heat island is particularly well marked, especially at night and during the dry season but, locally, the role of topography and urban parks is also very sensitive (cool areas.

  16. Foco emergente de leishmaniose visceral em Mato Grosso do Sul Emergent outbreak of visceral leishmaniasis in Mato Grosso do Sul State

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    Ana Lúcia Lyrio de Oliveira

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho, realizado a partir de outubro de 2000 até janeiro de 2003, descreve as características clínico-epidemiológicas da leishmaniose visceral em Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul. Foram confirmados 149 casos da doença, com predominância do sexo masculino (71,1%. A faixa etária mais acometida foi de 0 a 4 anos (42%. Quanto ao quadro clínico, estiveram presente febre (97,3%, esplenomegalia (85,9% e anemia (75,8%. Em 32 (21,5% pacientes ocorreu infecção associada, predominando a pneumonia. Sobre as alterações laboratoriais observou-se mediana de hemoglobina de 8mg/dl e de leucócitos de 3.100 cel/mm³. O esfregaço de medula foi positivo em 90,6%. Dos 97,9% de pacientes tratados, 78,2% utilizaram antimoniato pentavalente. Ocorreram 8% de óbitos, metade deles portadores de infecção associada. O conjunto destes dados sugere mudanças no padrão fisiográfico de ocorrência da leishmaniose visceral na localidade, com expansão e urbanização da doença, necessitando atenção para o diagnóstico e tratamento precoces.This study, realized from October 2000 to January 2003 describes the clinical epidemiological characteristics of visceral leishmaniasis in Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. A total of 149 cases were confirmed, with a predominance of the male gender (71.1%. The principal age group was aged 0 to 4 years old (42%. The clinical picture included fever (97.3%, esplenomegaly (85.9% and anemia (75.8%. Associated infections were seen in 32 patients (21.5%, pneumonia being most common. Changes registered in the laboratory included a median hemoglobin level of 8mg/dl and 3,100 leucocytes/mm³. Bone marrow smears were positive in 90.6% of patients. Of the 97.9% patients treated, 78.2% used pentavalent antimony. Mortalities occurred in 8% of cases, half of these with associated infection. Taken together, these data suggest changes in the physiographical occurrence of visceral leishmaniasis in this locality, with

  17. Principais fatores associados à ocorrência de acidentes de trânsito na BR 163, Mato Grosso, Brasil, 2004 Main factors associated with motor vehicle accidents on Federal Highway 163, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, 2004

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    Lívia Victório de Carvalho Almeida

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available O transporte é essencial para o desenvolvimento econômico de Mato Grosso, Brasil, sendo a BR 163 a principal rodovia de escoamento da produção agropecuária da região. Uma das conseqüências desta atividade é a ocorrência de acidentes de trânsito. Com o objetivo de analisar e categorizar os principais fatores associados à ocorrência de acidentes nesta rodovia, foram utilizados dados da Superintendência de Polícia Rodoviária Federal referentes ao ano de 2004. Nos resultados, destacaram-se como fatores associados à maior chance de ocorrência de acidentes com vítimas (com significância estatística: a condição de rolamento regular (OR = 1,89; IC: 1,32-2,70; os acidentes do tipo colisão frontal (OR = 14,14; IC: 8,96-22,32 e atropelamento de pedestre (OR = 35,95; IC: 8,10-159,52; e os fatores contribuintes defeito na via (OR = 4,35; IC: 1,94-9,75 e desobediência à sinalização (OR = 5,69; IC: 2,01-16,12. Conclui-se que para reduzir o problema dos acidentes nesta rodovia é preciso estabelecer medidas de intervenção de caráter global, não focalizando ações somente na modificação do comportamento do condutor e na fiscalização, mas considerando questões regionais e suas dimensões econômicas, sociais e culturais.Transportation is essential to the economic development of Mato Grosso State, Brazil, and Federal Highway 163 is the main route for marketing regional agricultural produce. One unfortunate consequence of this activity is the occurrence of motor vehicle accidents. With the aim of analyzing and categorizing the main factors associated with motor vehicle accidents on this highway, the current study used data from the Mato Grosso State Division of the Brazilian Federal Highway Patrol for the year 2004. Factors significantly associated with accidents involving casualties were: substandard paving (OR = 1.89; CI: 1.32-2.70; front-end collisions (OR = 14.14; CI: 8.96-22.32; and running over pedestrians (OR = 35.95; CI

  18. Geotecnologias aplicadas ao zoneamento agroecológico do estado do Mato Grosso do Sul / Geotechnologies applied for Agroecological Zoning of the Mato Grosso do Sul State (Brazil

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    Silvio Barge Bhering

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to present the methodological approach of the agroecological zoning of Mato Grosso do Sul State. The approach incorporated quantitative and qualitative assessment, with geotechnologies (satellite image–landsat 5, global positioning system, geographic information system, digital mapping, software of digital image processing adoption to perform an integrated analysis of environmental data. Primary soils information associated with terrain attributes and climate characteristics were used with geotechnologies to evaluation of the natural erosion potential, natural fertility, internal drainage and moisture soil retention capacity of soil. The land use, and land cover and the environmental laws were observed. The integrated analysis of these data allowed environmental stratification in different agroecological zones. These zones are defined to agricultural use; pastures; conservation of natural resources or ecological restoration. In Bandeirantes case study, the agroecological zones recommended for agriculture sum 1,150 km2. The evaluation for conservation of natural resources and ecological results in 310 km2, and for the areas recommended for pastures sum 1,650 km2 or 53% of Bandeirantes municipality. This study allows conclude that the integrated analysis of environmental data with application of geotechnologies can subsidize a quantitative and qualitative assessment, stratifying the lands in different agroecological zones, each one with recommendations for sustainable use, and contributing as a powerful tool for spatial planning.

  19. Environmental indicators for the wind power generation in Mato Grosso do Sul; Indicadores ambientais para a geracao de energia eolica em Mato Grosso do Sul

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Amaury de; Fernandes, Widinei Alves; Pavao, Hamilton Germano; Lastoria, Giancarlo; Gabas, Sandra Garcia; Paranhos Filho, Antonio Conceicao; Zampieri, Alexandra [Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFRGS), Campo Grande, MS (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias Exatas e Tecnologia], E-mails: amaury.de@uol.com.br, wafer@hotmail.com, pavao@dfi.ufms.br, g.lastoria@.ufms.br; sandragabas@ufms.br, antonio.paranhos@pq.cnpq.br, alexandrazampieri@gmail.com

    2011-10-15

    In this study, we used data of wind speed, from Universal Records anemograph Fuess, 10 m high, from 19 meteorological stations belonging to the National Institute of Meteorology (INMET), from January 2008 to December 2010. The research objective was to determine the wind power in selected stations. To do so, estimated the parameters of the Weibull distribution, by which it calculated the wind power. The least squares method applied to the frequency distribution of wind speed is a good option for calculating the parameters of Weibull distribution and the estimated parameters c and k, represent satisfactorily, the monthly frequencies of wind speed in the locations studied. The methods in the characterization of wind power in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, according to the spatial and temporal variability of daily average wind speeds and classification of wind speeds, using the agglomerative Wards at the discretion of inertia, allowed to obtain three homogeneous groups in the study area and the regions that showed higher average daily wind speed was the area of Campo Grande and Sete Quedas. (author)

  20. Intoxicação por Brachiaria spp. em bovinos no Mato Grosso do Sul Brachiaria spp. poisoning in cattle in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Roosevelt I.C. Souza

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Mediante a revisão dos arquivos das fichas de necropsia do Laboratório de Patologia Animal, Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul, foram estudados a epidemiologia, o quadro clínico e a patologia de 29 surtos de intoxicação por Brachiaria spp., ocorridos em bovinos de corte, no Mato Grosso do Sul, de março de 1996 a novembro de 2009. Os surtos ocorreram em todas as épocas do ano, tanto na seca quanto na chuva. Em 24 dos 29 surtos o principal sinal clínico foi a fotossensibilização e em cinco o principal sinal foi o emagrecimento progressivo. Dos 24 surtos de fotossensibilização, 11 ocorreram em pastagens de B. decumbens, dois em pastagens mistas de B. decumbens e B. brizantha, um em B. brizantha e em 10 surtos não foi informada a espécie de Brachiaria envolvida. A morbidade variou de 0,2% a 50% e a letalidade de 44,4% a 100%. Nos casos de fotossensibilização o edema de barbela foi o sinal clínico mais encontrado em bovinos, seguido de dermatite com pele espessada no flanco e períneo, retração cicatricial auricular, icterícia, corrimento ocular. crostas auriculares e oculares, e ulcerações na parte ventral da língua. Em dois surtos foram observados sinais nervosos e em um, diarréia. Nas necropsias o fígado estava aumentado de tamanho, amarelado, com padrão lobular aumentado e, ocasionalmente, com áreas esbranquiçadas e deprimidas. Os rins estavam acastanhados e a urina escura. No exame histológico do fígado encontrou-se tumefação e vacuolização de hepatócitos, proliferação de células epiteliais dos ductos biliares, retenção biliar, fibroplasia periportal discreta ou moderada e infiltrado mononuclear periportal. Todos os casos de fotossensibilização apresentaram macrófagos espumosos no parênquima hepático e em 21 foram observados cristais birrefringentes nos ductos biliares. Cinco surtos com emagrecimento progressivo dos bovinos afetados foram diagnosticados em pastagens de B. decumbens. A

  1. Soil water and carbon management for agricultural resilience in a key node in the global virtual water trade network: Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, M. S.; Speratti, A. B.; Lathuilliere, M. J.; Dalmagro, H. J.; Couto, E. G.

    2015-12-01

    The Amazon region is globally connected through agricultural exports, with the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso in particular emerging as a key node in the global virtual water trade network in recent years, based largely on rainfed agriculture. The anticipated growth in the world's population suggests that virtual water trade will only become more important to global food security. In this presentation we will evaluate strategies for improving the resilience of rainfed agriculture in the region, particularly for the nearly 12 million hectares of sandy soil with low water holding capacity within Mato Grosso that has largely been converted to agricultural use. We will review land use change trajectories and present results from soil water balance modeling and carbon fluxes for a range of future scenarios, including continued agricultural extensification, potential strategies for agricultural intensification, and novel water and carbon management strategies including biochar use in sandy soils to improve soil water holding capacities and soil carbon sequestration. We will also consider the role that irrigation might play in the future in the Amazon for improving agricultural resilience to climate change and feedbacks between irrigation and land use change pressures, noting that groundwater resources in the region are presently among the least exploited on the planet.

  2. Produção de mel nos biomas Amazônia, Cerrado e Pantanal, em Mato Grosso, no período de 2002 a 2011

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    Jennifer Oberger Ferreira

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Beekeeping is an economic activity that uses the natural environment without forest degradation and promotes the service of pollination of the species cultivated in an anthropic environment. The purpose of this study was to analyze honey production in Mato Grosso biomes of the Amazon, Cerrado (Bushlands and Pantanal (Swamplands from 2002 to 2011. Information on the production of honey by each municipality was obtained from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics database (IBGE. The delimitation of the municipalities for each biome was defined according to IBGE. The production of honey was the greatest in the Amazon, with 46.88% of the State production and the participation of 58 municipalities from this biome; Cerrado (Bushlands produced 42% of the State’s honey with the participation of 50 producing municipalities, and Pantanal (Swamplands produced 10.82% of the honey with 8 municipalities. We conclude that the Mato Grosso biomes showed beekeeping potential, with greater productive capacity in Pantanal (Swamplands due to its higher productivity rate.

  3. A evolução do setor soja no Mato Grosso L’évolution du secteur du soja au Mato Grosso The evolution of the soybean industry in Mato Grosso

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    Sébastien Moine

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa trata sobre a expansão da soja na região amazônica por meio dos grandes produtores de soja. Teve como objetivo descrever a organização do espaço geográfico regional por meio da identificação dos elementos básicos da geopolítica da soja propostos por Becker (2007 : abertura de fronteiras, como a disponibilidade de terra barata e mercados, favorecendo a instalação de atividades produtivas com rapidez, em grande escala e a baixos custos ; a logística caracterizada pelas redes técnicas que viabilizam a integração produtiva-mercantil-financeira ; a integração política que corresponde a alianças estratégicas estabelecidas pelos produtores ; as relações de trabalho do grande produtor com seus funcionários ; e a ciência e tecnologia, responsável pela movimentação de toda a base produtiva. O estudo permitiu entender a evolução dos territórios da soja definida em quatro fases a partir da década de 1980. Estas fases baseiam-se acerca de uma idéia comum de melhoria da situação econômica da soja ; de uma ruptura na maneira de pensar o desenvolvimento da agricultura no estado do Mato Grosso e questionamentos sobre o impacto desta ruptura.Cette recherche traite de l'expansion du soja en Amazonie par les grands producteurs de soja. L'objectif est de décrire l’organisation de l'espace géographique régional par l'identification des éléments de base de la géopolitique du soja proposés par Becker (2007 : l’ouverture de frontières, comme la disponibilité de terres bon marché et de marchés favorisant l'installation rapide d'activités productives, à grande échelle et à bas coût ; la logistique caractérisée par les réseaux techniques qui rendent viable l'intégration productive-marchande-financière ; l'intégration politique qui correspond aux alliances stratégiques établies par les producteurs ; les relations de travail entre les grands producteurs et leurs salariés ; et les

  4. Economic analysis of vaccination to control bovine brucellosis in the States of Sao Paulo and Mato Grosso, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves, A J S; Rocha, F; Amaku, M; Ferreira, F; Telles, E O; Grisi Filho, J H H; Ferreira Neto, J S; Zylbersztajn, D; Dias, R A

    2015-03-01

    Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that causes important economic losses in Brazil, and the country has therefore established a national program for its control and eradication. Using data generated in the last national brucellosis survey, we conducted an economic analysis in two Brazilian States with different brucellosis status, Mato Grosso (with high prevalence) and Sao Paulo (with low prevalence). The economic analysis was based on the calculation of the additional benefits and costs of controlling bovine brucellosis through the vaccination of heifers aged between 3 and 8 months with S19 vaccine, considering maximal and minimal impacts of the disease. The analysis showed that vaccinating 90% of the replacement heifers aged 3-8 months of age offers the best economic performance in a vaccination program against bovine brucellosis if compared to vaccination rates of 70% and 80%. Moreover, regions with higher prevalences of bovine brucellosis would experience significant economic advantages when implementing a vaccination strategy to control the disease. This economic analysis will allow decision makers to plan more economically effective vaccination programs. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. COMMUNICATIONAL THINKING IN THE STATE ORCHESTRA OF MATO GROSSO AND THE FIELD OF CONCERT MUSIC IN CUIABÁ

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    Yuji Gushiken

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Na perspectiva da “comunicação como cultura”, este artigo tem como questão central a relação entre pensamento comunicacional e a formação da música de concerto como campo artístico-cultural, num estudo de caso da Orquestra do Estado de Mato Grosso (OEMT. Criada em 2005, a OEMT instituiu um novo momento para a música de concerto em Cuiabá, capital de Mato Grosso, estado do Centro-Oeste com parte de seu território na Amazônia Legal. O funcionamento da OEMT na primeira década de atividade (2005-2015 atualiza-se com o desenvolvimento paralelo de estratégias de comunicação organizacional que redimensionam as relações da orquestra junto a seus diversos públicos. A interface entre distintos campos profissionais evidencia a dimensão comunicacional das práticas artísticas e culturais na contemporaneidade.   PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Comunicação; Música de concerto; Orquestra do Estado de Mato Grosso; Cuiabá.     ABSTRACT In the perspective of “communication as culture”, this article has as its central question the relationship between communicational thinking and the formation of concert music as an artistic-cultural field, in a case study of the State Orchestra of Mato Grosso (OEMT. Created in 2005, OEMT instituted a new moment for concert music in Cuiabá, capital of Mato Grosso, state of the Midwest with part of its territory in the Legal Amazon. The operation of OEMT in the first decade of activity (2005-2015 is updated with the parallel development of organizational communication strategies that reshape the relations of the orchestra with its different audiences. The interface between different professional fields evidences the communicational dimension of the artistic and cultural practices in the contemporaneity.   KEYWORDS: Communication; Concert music; State Orchestra of  Mato Grosso; Cuiabá.     RESUMEN Desde la perspectiva de la “comunicación como cultura”, este artículo tiene como cuestión central la

  6. Hydrocarbons in carbonate rocks of the Neoproterozoic Alto Paraguay basin, Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nogueira, Afonso C.R. [Fundacao Univ. do Amazonas, Manaus (Brazil). Dept. de Geociencias; Kerkis, Alexei; Hidalgo, Renata L. [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias. Programa de Pos-graduacao em Geologia Sedimentar; Riccomini, Claudio; Fairchild, Thomas R. [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias]. E-mail: acrnogue@usp.br

    2001-09-01

    Full text of publication follows: A singular occurrence of hydrocarbons (bitumen) was found in Neo proterozoic carbonate rocks of the Araras Formation (Alto Paraguay basin) in the Terconi quarry (Mirassol d'Oeste, Mato Grosso, Brazil). The bitumen occurs in a transgressive carbonate succession overlying Varanger tillites, that consists of two facies associations: (1) lagoon complex, with pink parallel-laminated dolomicrites and fenestral stromatolitic biostromite, and (2) tidal-flat complex, represented by terrigenous gray micrites and pseudosparites, with parallel lamination, asymmetric ripple marks, tepee breccia, planar stromatolites and evaporites. When fresh, the bitumen is compact and vitreous, filling fractures, stylolites and dissolution cavities, generally associated with calcite cement and euhedral dolomite crystals. Microscopic examination shows the bitumen filling pores of primary (fenestral) and secondary (moldic and intragranular) origins. As the first record of hydrocarbon in Neoproterozoic rocks of the Paraguay Belt, this occurrence opens a new perspective for the evaluation of oil potential in Precambrian rocks of Central Brazil. (author)

  7. Use of Medical Plants in Schools Communities from Sinop, Mato Grosso.

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    A. C. M. Urtado

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study was conducted in Sinop, Mato Grosso, on two school communities. It was applied semi-structured questionnaires with questions focused on socioeconomic and the use of medicinal plants. It has as finality proved the effective use of medicinal plants on the everyday and a levy of the most used plant. The general profile of the respondents has shown that the women detain the major part of the knowledge, and that pass this uses to the future generations and friends, and find these plants on specialty stores, backyards, supermarket, root stores, bush and fairs. The plants that were found more frequently was (Ruta graveolens L., Babosa (Aloe vera L., Erva-Cidreira (Lippia alba Mill., Erva-Santa-Maria (Chenopodium ambrosioides L., Boldo (Plectranthus amboinicus Spreng., Hortel(Menta x vilosa Huds. e Terramicina (Alternanthera dentata Moench..Keywords: medical plants, Sinop, school.

  8. Fish, lower Ivinhema River basin streams, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

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    Súarez, Y. R.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The Ivinhema River basin is one of the main tributaries of the western portion of Paraná River. However,few data are available on the fish communities of its streams. Monthly samples were made in seven streams of the lowerportion of the basin, in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, using a rectangular sieve 1.2 x 0.8 m, with 2 mm mesh size.Forty-six fish species were found in these streams. The richness estimated according to the bootstrap procedure was 50species. At least two of the captured species were not previously recorded for the upper Paraná basin, indicating theneed of new sampling effort in this region.

  9. Helmintos endoparasitos de vertebrados silvestres em Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Luiz Eduardo Roland Tavares

    Full Text Available RESUMO Uma lista de espécies de vertebrados silvestres e as espécies de helmintos endoparasitos associadas foi organizada para o estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. Foram encontrados registros de 291 espécies de helmintos endoparasitos, sendo 9 de Acanthocephala, 226 de Nematoda e 65 espécies de Platyhelminthes (23 de Cestoda e 42 de Trematoda associadas a 20 espécies de peixes, nove de anfíbios, 17 de répteis, 103 de aves e 27 espécies de mamíferos. Apenas 12% dos vertebrados do estado foram estudados quanto a sua parasitofauna, ressaltando o quanto a biodiversidade de helmintos parasitos no estado ainda é subestimada.

  10. Intestinal parasites in Iaualapiti indians from Xingu Park, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Cláudio Santos Ferreira

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available Brine flotation and gravity sedimentation coproscopical examinations were performed in stool samples from 69 of the 147 Iaualapiti Indians of the Xingu Park, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Intestinal [arasites were present in 89.9% of the population examined. High rates of prevalence were found for some parasite species. Ancylostomidae, 82.6%; Enterobius vermicularis, 26.1%; Ascaris lumbricoides, 20.3%; and Entamoeba coli, 68.1%. Infection by Trichuris trichuria, Schistosoma mansoni, Taenia spp. and Hymenolepis nana was not detected. Helminth's prevalence in children aged one year or less was comparatively low (33.3%. Quantitative coproscopy was done in positive samples for Ascaris and Ancylostomidae and the results expressed in eggs per gram of feces (EPG. Quantitative results revealed that worm burdens are very low and overdispersed in this Indian tribe, a previously unreported fact.

  11. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHER EDUCATORS OF BASIC EDUCATION TEACHERS IN A TRAINING CENTER IN MATO GROSSO

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    MARLI ELIZA DALMAZO AFONSO DE ANDRE

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents data from a study that investigated the professional development of teacher educators who work in the Training Centre for Basic Education Professionals (Cefapro in the state of Mato Grosso. They are responsible for the implementation of continuing education in schools. The methodological procedures included a survey with all teacher educators (PF, focus group with five PFs and systematic observation of the performance of a PF. The theoretical framework was based on studies of authors such as Carlos Marcelo (1992; 1996; 1999; 2009, Jacky Beillerot (1996 and Marguerite Altet (2003. The analysis focused on the relationship between Teacher educators and their functions, those prescribed by the Training Policy, as well as those determined by the training needs of teachers in school, understanding that this relationship guides the development of professionalism of this new educational actor.

  12. Herpetofauna, municipality of Porto Murtinho, Chaco region, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Souza, F. L.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Among the physiographic regions included in the central South American diagonal of open formations,the Chaco, with some endemic species, represents the southernmost dry area. In Brazil, the Chaco is foundin southwestern corner of Mato Grosso do Sul state, mostly in the municipality of Porto Murtinho along theParaguay and Apa rivers. From February 2008 to December 2009, we carried out an inventory of amphibiansand reptiles in Porto Murtinho, using pitfall traps, time-limited searches, and occasional encounters. A total of34 amphibian and 39 reptile species were registered. Although some typical Chacoan species were found, mostof the species are open area dwellers that also occur in other open biomes, such as the Cerrado and Caatinga.

  13. Environmental influence on coprophagous Scarabaeidae (Insecta, Coleoptera) assemblages in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso.

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    Tissiani, A S O; Sousa, W O; Santos, G B; Ide, S; Battirola, L; Marques, M I

    2015-11-01

    Here we examine assemblage structure of coprophagous Scarabaeidae (dung beetles) in the Pantanal of the state of Mato Grosso with respect to flooding regimes, soil texture, leaf litter volume and tree dominance in native and exotic pastures. Samples were collected along 30 transects of 250 m in length in a 5×5 km grid (25 km2). Five pitfalls baited with human feces were placed in each transect. A total of 1692 individuals in 19 species were captured, the majority in the subfamily Scarabaeinae and Aphodiinae. Assemblages were influenced by the duration of flooding and leaf litter volume. None of the other habitat variables was correlated with species richness. Cultivated pastures with exotic grasses were unimportant for composition of the assemblages of beetles. These results indicate that duration of flooding is the most important regulating force in this community.

  14. Molecular detection of Ehrlichia canis in dogs from the Pantanal of Mato Grosso State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Luana Gabriela Ferreira Dos; Melo, Andréia Lima Tomé; Moraes-Filho, Jonas; Witter, Rute; Labruna, Marcelo Bahia; Aguiar, Daniel Moura de

    2013-01-01

    The present study evaluated the presence of Ehrlichia DNA in the blood samples of 320 dogs from the urban and rural areas of the municipality of Poconé, Pantanal region, Mato Grosso state, by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), targeting the ehrlichial dsb gene. Risk factors for infection in dogs were also evaluated. Forty-eight (15%, 95% CI: 11.4-19.5%) dogs were positive: 25 (15.6%, 95% CI: 10.4-22.2%) from the urban area and 23 (14.4%, 95% CI: 9.3-20.8%) from the rural area (P > 0.05). Partial DNA sequence obtained from PCR products of 18 samples from the urban area and 16 samples from the rural area were 100% identical to E. canis from Brazil and the USA. This study reports the first E. canis molecular detection in dogs from the northern Pantanal region.

  15. Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) in three landscapes in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

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    Rodrigues, M M; Uchôa, M A; Ide, S

    2013-02-01

    Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) in three landscapes in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Dung Beetles are important for biological control of intestinal worms and dipterans of economic importance to cattle, because they feed and breed in dung, killing parasites inside it. They are also very useful as bioindicators of species diversity in agricultural or natural environments. The aims of this paper were to study the species richness, and abundance of dung beetles, helping to answer the question: are there differences in the patterns of dung beetle diversity in three environments (pasture, agriculture and forest) in the municipality of Dourados, in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. A total of 105 samplings were carried out weekly, from November 2005 to November 2007, using three pitfall traps in each environment. The traps were baited with fresh bovine dung, and 44,355 adult dung beetles from 54 species were captured: two from Hyborosidae and 52 from Scarabaeidae. Five species were constant, very abundant and dominant on the pasture, two in the agricultural environment, and two in the environment of Semideciduous forest. Most of the species were characterised as accessories, common and not-dominant. The species with higher abundance was Ataenius platensis Blanchard, 1844. The indexes of Shannon-Wiener diversity were: 2.90 in the pasture, 2.84 in the agricultural environment and 2.66 in the area of native forest. The medium positive presence of dung beetles in the traps in each environment were: 36.88, 42.73 and 20.18 individuals per trap, in the pasture, agricultural environment and in the native forest, respectively. The pasture environment presented a higher diversity index. The species diversity of dung beetles was superior where there was higher abundance and regularity of resource (bovine dung).

  16. Sazonalidade da umidade de equilíbrio da madeira para o Estado de Mato Grosso

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    Adilson Pacheco de Souza

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Por ser um material orgânico, heterogêneo e higroscópico, a madeira pode apresentar variações dimensionais e deformações decorrentes da interação com o ambiente. Em uso ou nos processos de secagem, quando são atingidos os equilíbrios entre a madeira e o ar atmosférico, têm-se a obtenção da umidade de equilíbrio da madeira (UEM. Em função da elevada importância dessa matéria-prima para o Estado de Mato Grosso, torna-se fundamental conhecer a sazonalidade de UEM. O presente trabalho objetivou estimar a UEM da madeira, pelo modelo de Simpson, para 30 municípios do Estado de Mato Grosso, distribuídos nas diferentes regiões de planejamento do Zoneamento Sócio-Econômico Ecológico do Estado. Os dados meteorológicos foram obtidos da Rede de Estações Meteorológicas Automáticas do Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia, entre 2006 e 2012. A UEM foi estimada diariamente, com posterior obtenção das médias mensais. Na estação seca ocorreram variações da UEM entre 5,08 e 9,57% e no período chuvoso entre 8,58 e 13,49%. Nos meses de janeiro, fevereiro e março ocorrem os maiores valores de UEM no estado. As condições ambientais durante o período seco (julho a setembro favorecem a secagem natural da madeira serrada, por condicionarem uma secagem mais rápida.

  17. ZONEAMENTO GEOAMBIENTAL DA TECA NO MUNICÍPIO DE CÁCERES/MATO GROSSO - BRASIL

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    Jesã Pereira Kreitlow

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A Teca (Tectona grandis L. f. é uma espécie arbórea de grande porte, originária do sudoeste asiático, que teve seu ciclo de crescimento acelerado devido às características edafoclimáticas presentes no estado de Mato Grosso. Assim, objetivou-se realizar a avaliação geoambiental das terras do município de Cáceres/MT, visando à identificação das áreas aptas e inaptas ao cultivo da Teca. A metodologia para operacionalização desta pesquisa ocorreu por meio de geotecnologias. Os resultados mostraram que em Cáceres 5.046 Km2 são considerados aptos para a cultura da Teca e 19.305 Km2 inaptos, sendo que as áreas aptas se localizam nos vales da Província Serrana e em porções com relevo plano, situados a oeste do perímetro urbano. As informações geradas neste estudo podem contribuir no planejamento da atividade e na gestão territorial municipal de Cáceres, situado na região sudoeste mato-grossense.

  18. Competitive intelligence and strategic information management in the regulation of the electric energy distribution market in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil; Inteligencia competitiva e gestao de informacao estrategica na regulacao do servico de fornecimento de energia eletrica no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Jenner Luis Puia

    2006-05-15

    This research has as objective the description of information management process in the State Agency of Public Services Regulation from Mato Grosso do Sul (AGEPAN), Brazil, with focus in the strategical decision making as source of competitive intelligence in the regulation of the electric energy distribution market in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. In the external environment it had been identified the National Agency of Electric Energy, the State Agency of Public Services Regulation from Mato Grosso do Sul, the State, the concessionaires ENERSUL and Elektro and the Society, represented by the Supervision for Consumer's Orientation and Defence (PROCON), Public Prosecution Service, Self-Regulating Body of the Engineering and Architecture Profession, Brazilian |Lawyers Association- MS, as actors in the regulation process. The played roles per item of these actors had been described. The information used by AGEPAN had been defined from the interests and necessities for taking of strategical decision according to Agency's strategical planning. The stages of the management process from these information as source of competitive intelligence in the regulation had been described for the AGEPAN decision makers, from the collection of data by interview in depth with the members of the Decision Advice of the Agency. As referential theoretician for elaboration of the script from the interviews the model of information management proposed by Choo was used. According to the decision makers interviewed, the process of management of the described information did not present evidences that could characterize the decision taking as source of competitive intelligence in the stage of the relative management to the adaptive behavior. (author)

  19. Genetic evaluation of Eucalyptus camaldulensis in Mato Grosso State, Brazil Avaliação genética de Eucalyptus camaldulensis no Estado de Mato Grosso

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    Reginaldo Brito da Costa

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available

    The study aimed to estimate parameters, values and genetic gain for growth traits in progenies of Eucalyptus camaldulensis, in the State of Mato Grosso. The progenies test was conducted under a randomized block design with 132 progenies, five replications and three plants in single rows, spaced 3 m x 2 m in Santo Antonio do Leverger, MT. At 24 months of age, progenies were evaluated for the characters: a diameter at base height (DBH, in centimeters, b total height, in meters, c survival. The individual in the narrow sense heritability for the traits studied can be considered medium to high magnitude (0.13 and 0.21 for height and diameter, respectively. The heritability for survival were practically nil, due to low genetic variability among the progenies, as evidenced by high survival rate of the plants (96.8%. The phenotypic and genetic correlations were of high magnitude for DBH and height prediction. There is genetic variation among progenies for growth traits which will provide significant genetic gains with selection.

    doi: 10.4336/2012.pfb.32.70.49

    O estudo objetivou estimar parâmetros, valores e ganhos genéticos para caracteres de crescimento em progênies de Eucalyptus camaldulensis, no estado de Mato Grosso. O teste de progênies foi instalado sob delineamento de blocos ao acaso com 132 progênies, cinco repetições e três plantas por parcela em linhas simples, no espaçamento 3 m x 2 m no município de Santo Antonio do Leverger, MT. Aos 24 meses de idade, as progênies foram avaliadas quanto aos caracteres: a diâmetro à altura da base (DAB, em centímetros; b altura total, em metros; c sobrevivência. As herdabilidades individuais no sentido restrito para os caracteres estudados podem ser consideradas de média a alta magnitude (0,13 e 0,21 para altura e diâmetro, respectivamente. Para a sobrevivência, as herdabilidades foram praticamente nulas, devido à baixa variabilidade genética existente entre as prog

  20. Opportunities for advances in the Mato Grosso, Brazil, energetic matrix; Oportunidades de avancos na matriz energetica Matogrossense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorileo, Ivo Leandro [Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso (UFMT), Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Estudos em Planejamento Energetico]. E-mail: ildorileo@sigmanet.com.br

    2006-07-01

    The perspectives for the diversification of energy consumption and supply in the State of Mato Grosso, in order to better exploit the regional potentials, are evaluated in this paper. The analysis is concentrated in the opportunities to increase the consumption of natural gas and the production and consumption of fuels produced from biomass, to disseminate the distributed generation of electricity and to adopt new energy efficiency programs in industrial branches in the state. (author)

  1. Lista das espécies de Calliphoridae (Diptera, Oestroidea do Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Cecília Kosmann

    Full Text Available RESUMO Neste trabalho é apresentada uma lista de espécies de Calliphoridae registradas no estado do Mato Grosso do Sul. Calliphoridae é representada por 13 espécies distribuídas em sete gêneros: Chloroprocta Wulp (1, Chrysomya Robineau-Desvoidy (3, Cochliomyia Townsend (2, Hemilucilia Brauer (2, Paralucilia Brauer & Bergenstamm (1, Lucilia Robineau-Desvoidy (2 e Mesembrinella Giglio-Tos (2.

  2. Lista das espécies de Bibionomorpha (Diptera do Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Sarah Siqueira Oliveira

    Full Text Available RESUMO Neste trabalho, é fornecida uma lista de espécies de Bibionomorpha conhecidas para o estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Das famílias dessa subordem de Diptera, apenas Anisopodidae, Sciaridae, Keroplatidae e Mycetophilidae foram registradas até o momento para essa região. Anisopodidae é representada por um gênero e uma espécie, Sciaridae por três gêneros e nove espécies, Keroplatidae por cinco gêneros e seis espécies, enquanto que Mycetophilidae é conhecida por oito gêneros e 14 espécies. São elencadas possíveis espécies das famílias de Bibionomorpha já conhecidas da região Centro-Oeste do Brasil cuja presença é esperada no Mato Grosso do Sul. Este levantamento é bastante indicativo da enorme diferença existente entre o conhecimento efetivo da biodiversidade de um grupo importante, como Diptera, em uma área grande, como o Mato Grosso do Sul, e a diversidade real do grupo em uma região do Brasil.

  3. UMA AÇÃO DE CAPACITAÇÃO DE PROFESSORES PARA O ENSINO DA TEMÁTICA INDÍGENA EM MATO GROSSO DO SUL

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    Victor Ferri MAURO

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the actions of project "Teacher Training in Indigenous History and Culture" developed by Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul in the municipality of Naviraí, Brazil, in the years 2012, 2013 and 2016, as well as analyzes some of its results that have benefited the regional society. The project is made possible by resources of the Rectory of Extension, Culture and Student Issues of Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul. It is coordinated by the author of this text in the form of a face-toface course and promotes lectures given by specialized researchers in the subject of indigenous people - some of them representing these peoples - to teachers of the elementary school up to high school education and students of undergraduate courses. The objective is to train knowledge multipliers trained to act in the classroom, addressing children and young people, issues such as: the contributions of the natives in the formation of the Brazilian nation, the current indigenous reality and the importance of the Amerindian people in the social and cultural diversity of the country and the state. Among the goals are the deconstruction of racial prejudices and the encouragement of respectful dialogue about differences. The project contributes to the application of the teaching of History and Indigenous Culture in schools as recommended by Brazilian Law 11.645/2008. Here we present some of the results of the project, based on reports from course participants describing professional experiences in which they applied knowledge obtained in their participation in the project.

  4. Fenologia de Lafoensia pacari A.St.-Hil. (Lythraceae em Barra do Garças, Mato Grosso, Brasil Phenology of Lafoensia pacari A.St.-Hil. (Lythraceae in Barra do Garças, Mato Grosso State, Brazil

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    L.W. Santos

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Lafoensia pacari A.St.-Hil. é uma espécie da flora do cerrado usada na medicina popular como anti-úlcera, antifúngica, antibactericida, anti-inflamatória, febrífuga, para emagrecimento e no tratamento de pneumonia, dores de estômago e coceiras. Estudou-se a fenologia de L. pacari no cerrado do Parque Estadual da "Serra Azul", região de Barra do Garças-MT (15º 51' 58" S e 52º 15' 37" W, à 645 m de altitude, durante o período de 24 meses. Verificou-se que as fenofases são sazonais, com floração nos meses de abril a agosto, frutificação de junho a setembro, brotação no início da estação chuvosa de outubro a dezembro e queda de folhas de julho a setembro, no final da estação seca.Lafoensia pacari is a species from the Brazilian cerrado used in folk medicine to control ulcers, fungal and bacterial diseases, inflammations, fevers, pneumonia, stomachaches, and itching, as well as to lose weight. L. pacari phenology was studied for 24 months in the cerrado at "Serra Azul" State Park, in the region of Barra do Garças, Mato Grosso State, Brazil (15º 51' 58" S and 52º 15' 37" W, at 645 m altitude. Phenophases are seasonal, with flowering from April to August, fruiting from June to September, sprouting from October to December, during the beginning of the rainy season, and leaf fall from July to September, at the end of the dry season.

  5. Pobreza e desigualdade de renda entre famílias da zona rural de Mato Grosso de 2004 a 2006 Poverty and income inequality among families in rural areas of Mato Grosso from 2004 to 2006

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    Benedito Dias Pereira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Investigou-se a desigualdade da distribuição de renda e a pobreza das famílias residentes nas áreas rurais de Mato Grosso em 2004 e 2006, com base nos microdados da PNAD (IBGE. Em especial, o coeficiente de Gini foi decomposto por fonte de renda, para se identificar a contribuição relativa de determinada fonte de renda na desigualdade da renda total. Dentre os principais resultados encontrados, verificou-se que há elevada desigualdade na distribuição de renda entre as famílias rurais mato-grossenses, que a renda das atividades agrícolas contribui para aumentar essa desigualdade e que essa renda se constitui em variável importante e estratégica para a economia do Estado. Os indicadores também sugerem que houve incremento da pobreza entre as famílias rurais do Estado entre 2004 e 2006.Investigates on income distribution inequality and poverty of families living in rural areas of Mato Grosso in 2004 and 2006, based on the microdata of PNAD (IBGE. In particular, the Gini coefficient was broken by source of income to identify the relative contribution of a particular source of income inequality in total income. Among the key findings, it appears that there is high inequality in the income distribution among households in Mato Grosso, that the agriculture income contributes to increasing inequality and that this income is one important and strategic variable for the economy of the state. The indicators also suggest that there was an increase in poverty among rural families of the state between 2004 and 2006.

  6. Poaia [Psychotria ipecacuanha (Brot. Stoves]: aspectos da memória cultural dos poaieiros de Cáceres - Mato Grosso, Brasil Ipecac [Psychotria ipecacuanha (Brot. Stoves]: aspects of cultural memory of "poaieiros" in Cáceres - Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    V.A. Teixeira

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O Brasil está entre os principais exportadores de poaia [Psychotria ipecacuanha (Brot. Stoves] seguido do Panamá e Costa Rica. A poaia brasileira apresenta alto valor farmacológico das raízes devido aos teores de emetina e cefalina. Este trabalho teve como objetivo descrever como as famílias de poaieiros mantém a memória cultural sobre a Psychotria ipecacuanha (Brot. Stoves. As informações foram coletadas no município de Cáceres, Mato Grosso, através de entrevista estruturada e observação participante com 20 homens e 10 mulheres, de faixa etária de 45 a 86 anos. Foram citadas as formas de utilização na alimentação para animais, inseticida, carrapaticida, emético, contra diarréias, para alívio de dor de cabeça, contra malária, bronquite e dor no estômago. A raiz é a parte mais usada e a forma de preparo é tintura ou misturada ao fumo, ao vinho ou à cachaça. Poucos entrevistados passaram aos filhos o conhecimento sobre a P. ipecacuanha. A memória cultural sobre a P. ipecacuanha deve-se a vivência, extração e comercialização da planta, e por ouvir as conversas dos pais com amigos. A perda de conhecimento associado a poaia é causada pelo êxodo rural, destruição do habitat com o desmatamento e ocupação agrícola. A extinção da espécie na região contribui para a erosão cultural.Brazil is among the leading exporters of ipecac [Psychotria ipecacuanha (Brot. Stoves], followed by Panama and Costa Rica. The roots of Brazilian ipecac have high pharmacological value due to their levels of emetine and cephalin. This study aimed to describe how families of "poaieiros" maintain the cultural memory of Psychotria ipecacuanha (Brot. Stoves. Information was collected in the city of Cáceres, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, through structured interviews and participating observation involving 20 men and 10 women aged from 45 to 86 years. The cited forms of use were in animal nutrition, as insecticide, acaricide, emetic

  7. Fatores associados a padrões alimentares em adolescentes: um estudo de base escolar em Cuiabá, Mato Grosso Factors associated with dietary patterns in adolescents: a school-based study in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso

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    Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar padrões alimentares de adolescentes e sua associação com características socioeconômicas, estilo de vida e estado nutricional. MÉTODOS: Investigou-se amostra probabilística de estudantes entre 14 a 19 anos de idade do ensino médio público e privado de Cuiabá/Mato Grosso (n = 1.139. Os dados foram coletados em sala de aula utilizando-se questionário autoaplicado. Para a obtenção de dados de consumo alimentar, aplicou-se questionário de frequência alimentar semiquantitativo. O estado nutricional foi classificado pelo escore z do Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC = peso/estatura². Para a classificação socioeconômica considerou-se a escolaridade do chefe da família e a presença de bens e equipamentos no domicílio. Os padrões alimentares foram identificados por meio da análise fatorial exploratória (método de extração: análise de componentes principais e sua associação com as características socioeconômicas, estilo de vida e estado nutricional foi estimada por modelos de regressão linear múltipla mutuamente ajustados para os outros padrões. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados três padrões alimentares: "ocidental", "tradicional" e "misto". Estudar no turno vespertino e consumir bebidas alcoólicas foram associados (p OBJECTIVE: To identify dietary patterns among adolescents and to assess their association with socioeconomic and lifestyle characteristics and nutritional status. METHODS: A probabilistic clustered two-stage sample of students between 14 and 19 years old from public and private high schools from Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil, was investigated (n = 1.139. A self-administered food frequency questionnaire was used to obtain information on food intake. Nutritional status was classified according to the Body Mass Index (BMI = weight/height² z-score. Socioeconomic status was inferred by the education level of head of household and by the presence of electrical appliances in the household

  8. Intoxicação por Vernonia rubricaulis em bovinos no Mato Grosso do Sul Intoxication by Vernonia rubricaulis in cattle in Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Karine Bonucielli Brum

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Descrevem-se surtos de intoxica��ão por Vernonia rubricaulis em bovinos em nove fazendas no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, entre setembro de 1999 e maio de 2001. No total morreram pelo menos 954 animais. Alguns fatores foram aparentemente importantes para a ocorrência da intoxicação: a utilização de técnicas que favorecem a brotação da planta incluindo a utilização da roçadeira ("trilho" para o controle de plantas invasoras, assim como a queima ou o desmatamento do campo; o transporte de animais procedentes de outras fazendas ou de outros piquetes da mesma fazenda, com ou sem manejo de animais no curral; e a superlotação de piquetes. O curso clínico variou de 12 a 48 horas. Os sinais clínicos foram, principalmente, agressividade ou depressão, salivação, cegueira, gemidos, incoordenação, retração de abdômen, fezes ressecadas com muco e estrias de sangue, focinho seco e decúbito. A letalidade foi de 100%. Os principais achados de necropsia foram observados no fígado. As lesões hepáticas variavam num mesmo animal e entre diferentes animais. Áreas focais vermelhas de hemorragias com tamanhos variando entre 1mm e 25cm, foram observadas em meio ao tecido hepático amarelado em alguns casos. Fígados inteiros ou áreas hepáticas com aspecto de noz-moscada e fígados difusamente amarelados com ou sem hemorragias petequiais, também foram observados. Ocorriam, também, hemorragias em diferentes tecidos e órgãos. As principais alterações histológicas caracterizaram-se por necrose centrolobular com vacuolização dos hepatócitos das áreas periportais e intermediárias ou necrose massiva e vacuolização difusa dos hepatócitos. A intoxicação foi reproduzida experimentalmente em três bovinos. A menor dose que causou morte foi de 3g/kg da planta verde fresca em fase de brotação. Os sinais clínicos e as lesões macro e microscópicas observadas foram semelhantes às apresentadas pelos animais intoxicados

  9. Suscetibilidade de Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus a carrapaticidas em Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Susceptibility of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus to acaricides in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Alberto Gomes

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available O carrapato bovino, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus, destaca-se dentre os ectoparasitas de importância econômica à pecuária nacional, tornando-se necessária a adoção de medidas de controle, particularmente em rebanhos Bos taurus e seus cruzamentos. O controle do carrapato tem sido cada vez mais difícil devido à constatação de populações resistentes aos diversos produtos em uso. Neste estudo, teve-se por objetivo conhecer a suscetibilidade desse carrapato a acaricidas em Mato Grosso do Sul. De outubro de 2003 a outubro de 2006, testes carrapaticidogramas foram realizados em onze das principais regiões pecuárias do estado. Nos testes de suscetibilidade, foi utilizada a técnica de imersão de adultos, com posterior avaliação de parâmetros biológicos. Foram testados doze acaricidas comerciais, abrangendo sete princípios ativos (isoladamente ou em associação, pertencentes a três grupos químicos: amidinas (amitraz, piretróides sintéticos (cipermetrina e organofosforados (clorfenvinfós, clorpirifós, diazinon, diclorvós e etion. Baixa suscetibilidade foi detectada em todas as propriedades, evidenciando uma reduzida eficácia de todos os grupos químicos testados. Apesar da grande variação de suscetibilidade demonstrada pelas distintas populações a cada acaricida testado, foi possível observar um gradiente de eficácia desses produtos. Independente da classe, a eficácia média dos produtos com um único princípio ativo (19,94%-64,27% foi, de modo geral, menor que a das associações, tanto entre piretróide e organofosforados (46,38%-82,68%, como exclusivamente entre organofosforados (85,28%-97,68%. A associação contendo piretróide, organofosforados, sinergista e repelente (cipermetrina + clorpirifós + butóxido de piperonila + citronelal apresentou 100% de eficácia, embora testada em menor número de populações. Embora comparações com cepas suscetíveis não tenham sido efetuadas, a baixa suscetibilidade

  10. Identification of Antibiotics used in Clinical Surgery and Orthopedic Unit from Midsized Hospital in Mato Grosso

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    K. G. Lima

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study aimed to identify the pattern of antimicrobial use in a unit and orthopedic surgical clinic of a medium-sized hospital in Mato Grosso. The study based in analysis of 500 medical charts and filling out forms previously prepared from Regional Hospital of Sorriso, between March and April 2012, after approval of the project by CEP Julio Muller University Hospital (Protocol No. 219/2011. It was observed that 69% (345 of the sample were male, with ages ranging between 18 and 112 years. In all the charts can observe the prescription of antibiotics, the most prescribed the cephalothin 49.2% (297, Amikacin 12.27% (74 5.3% Gentamicin (32, Ciprofloxacin 4.31 % (26 and Clindamycin 3.31% (20. Among the 500 records analyzed only 9 (1.8% underwent antimicrobial prophylaxis and 491 (98.2 did not receive prophylaxis. Among the antimicrobials used in surgical prophylaxis met the cephalothin, used in 77.8% of cases and Clindamycin in 22.2% of cases, these drugs of second choice within the parameters of the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA. The rational use of antibiotics reduce any risk of emergence of resistant microbial strains and still be profitable in terms pharmacoeconomicsKeywords: Antimicrobial; Surgical Clinic, Nursing; Antibiotic.

  11. ALGUNOS HONGOS MELIOLÁCEOS DEL ESTADO DE MATO GROSSO-BRASIL

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    Sergio Miguel Vélez Zambrano

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available La investigación tuvo como propósito identificar y describir especies de Meliola (Meliolales/Ascomycetes/Ascomycota asociadas a plantas silvestres del Cerrado brasileño. Se analizaron muestras colectadas en la hacienda Pelicano del Parque Estatal Serra Ricardo Franco, situado en Vila Bela da Santíssima Trindade en la frontera con Bolivia, y también en Barra do Garças, ambos sitios localizados en el Estado de Mato Grosso. A partir de la visualización de estructuras vegetativas y reproductivas de los hongos fueron montadas láminas de vidrio que contenían lactoglicerol y que fueron selladas con esmalte, para su posterior observación a través de microscopio estereoscópico y microscopio de luz. Se identificaron un total de 5 especies de Meliola, siendo estas M. alibertiae en Alibertia edulis, M. desmodii–laxiflori y M. stizolobii var. eriosematis en Desmodium spp., M. kernii en Casearia sp. Meliola voacangae en Aspidosperma nobile. Cada especie fue identificada basándose en la planta hospedera, morfología del ascoma, forma y dimensión de las ascosporas, ramificación de las hifas, distribución de los apresorios e hifopodios espermáticos en las hifas.

  12. Mechanisms of pyrethroid resistance inHaematobia irritans (Muscidae from Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil

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    Antonio Thadeu Medeiros Barros

    Full Text Available Horn fly resistance to pyrethroid insecticides occurs throughout Brazil, but knowledge about the involved mechanisms is still in an incipient stage. This survey was aimed to identify the mechanisms of horn fly resistance to cypermethrin in Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil. Impregnated filter paper bioassays using cypermethrin, synergized or not with piperonyl butoxide (PBO and triphenyl phosphate (TPP, were conducted from March 2004 to June 2005 in horn fly populations (n = 33 from all over the state. All populations were highly resistant to cypermethrin, with resistance factors (RF ranging from 89.4 to 1,020.6. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR assays to detect the knockdown resistance (kdr mutation also were performed in 16 samples. The kdr mutation was found in 75% of the tested populations, mostly with relatively low frequencies (<20%, and was absent in some highly resistant populations. Addition of TPP did not significantly reduce the LC50 in any population. However, PBO reduced LC50s above 40-fold in all tested populations, resulting in RFs ≤ 10 in most cases. Horn fly resistance to cypermethrin is widespread in the state, being primarily caused by an enhanced activity of P450 mono-oxygenases and secondarily by reduced target site sensitivity.

  13. SURVIVAL ANALYSIS AND GROWTH OF Cordia trichotoma, BORAGINACEAE, LAMIALES, IN MATO GROSSO DO SUL STATE, BRAZIL

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    Sergio Luiz Salvadori

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509812357The evaluation of a plant survival percentage and growth may reflect its competitive ability in plantcommunity. Cordia trichotoma is a common native tree in Mato Grosso do Sul State and one of the mostpromising for planting. This study monitored the survival percentage and growth of Cordia trichotomaunder different conditions such as weeding and receiving or not fertilization. The experiment started inSeptember 2008 and it was concluded in March 2010. The seeds collection and sowing were held in urbanarea of Mundo Novo Municipality and the area for permanent planting to measure seedlings survival andgrowth was set at Japorã Municipality, Fazenda Santa Clara. Seedlings were planted in two categories: theuse or not of fertilizer and crowing resulting in four distinct groups: block fertilizer bare earth (ATN, bareland block without fertilizer (BTN, fertilizer and crown block (AC and without fertilizer and crownedblock (BC. The results indicated high survival of Cordia trichotoma in the seedling transplant system from bed to bags. The BC block showed the highest percentage of survival, but the smaller increments in height.The AC, ATN and BTN blocks presented the same survival pattern and similar average growth. However,there may be differences in nutritional and chemical composition of the soil suggesting sector analysis forfuture studies.

  14. The Mais Médicos (More Doctors) Program in Mato Grosso State, Brazil: implementation analysis.

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    Mota, Reinaldo Gaspar da; Barros, Nelson Filice

    2016-09-01

    Although the 224 health professionals engaged by the More Doctors for Brazil Project (Projeto Mais Médicos para o Brazil, PMMB) to strengthen the National Primary Health Care Policy (Política Nacional de Atenção Básica, PNab) in 104 municipalities of Mato Grosso (MT) State have encountered significant problems in the work process, important advances have resulted in the health of populations served by the More Doctors Programme (Programa Mais Médicos, PMM). This article analyses the implementation and development of the PMM in MT, from 2013 to 2015, on the basis of primary data from focus groups and interviews of social stakeholders at the institutions involved and secondary data from reports by supervisors, tutors, managers and institutions on the MT State Coordinating Committee (CCE) of the PMM. Despite political difficulties in managing implementation, the results show that the endeavour was beneficial in that it surmounted previous obstacles, afforded users greater access, prompted discussion of the problem and proposed and experimented with ways to strengthen primary health care. We conclude that there is a need for broader academic discussion of the provision and training of doctors, of the model of care and of human resource capacity-building by continuing professional development with integration among teaching, service and community.

  15. Checklist dos Rotifera (Animalia do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Kennedy Francis Roche

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este estudo listou os táxons de Rotifera encontrado da literatura científica no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. O estudo foi dividido em cinco áreas gerais: (1 rio Paraguai, (2 Pantanal de Nhecolândia, (3 rio Miranda, rio Negro, rio Abobral e Itaqueri, (4 represa Lago do Amor na cidade de Campo Grande, e (5 rios, lagos e canais do rio Paraná. Foram registrados um total de 364 táxons, sendo as famílias Lecanidae, Trichocercidae e Brachionidae as mais ricas, com 72, 32 e 30 táxons respectivamente. A maior riqueza de táxons foi registrada na área do rio Paraná (244 táxons, e em seguida no rio Paraguai na região da cidade de Corumbá (com 154 táxons encontrados, e nos lagos de água doce do Pantanal da Nhecolândia (com 148 táxons. É altamente provável que estes resultados são reflexos da quantidade e qualidade dos estudos nestas áreas.

  16. [Sanitary surveillance: descentralization strategies in Mato Grosso (Brazil), 1996-2005].

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    Marangon, Miriane Silva; Scatena, João Henrique Gurtler; Costa, Ediná Alves

    2010-11-01

    The decentralization process of sanitary surveillance services to states and municipalities was improved after NOB/96, when funding transferences were defined. In Mato Grosso, this responsibility was incorporated by the Sanitary Surveillance Coordination (Visa/SES) which developed strategies to decentralize at first, the basic actions to all municipalities of the state. The objective of this research is to describe and analyze the strategies adopted by Visa/SES in decentralization of Visa actions to municipalities and the main difficulties found. This research is a qualitative study with documental and interview analysis. The results show as main adopted strategies: several training to professionals from regional, central and local levels; development of technical material to municipals services; assessment with join inspections between three levels of management; creation of law documents. It was observed an active performance in the decentralization, the Visa/SES keeps performing the high and middle complexity actions in almost all municipalities and even those of low complexity, in some, which impede other important tasks as supervision and evaluation of this process, besides continuous support and organization of municipalities services.

  17. Local knowledge and folk medicine: ethnobotany in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Maria Corette Pasa

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out in the community of Bom Jardim, Cuiabá, in order to record medicinal plants, uses and frequency of use. A preliminary survey was followed out, followed by semi-structured interviews and direct observation of uses, preparation and indications. Field work was carried out between March 2008 and July 2009. Botanical material was deposited at the Central Herbarium of the Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT. Among the study population ranging from 20 to 89 years old, 45% have no formal education. A total of 86 medicinal plant species were recorded, distributed in 45 families, the most import being Fabaceae, Mimosaceae, and Caesalpiniaceae. Trees were the most common plant habit, followed by herbs and shrubs. Leaves are the most used plant parts, and decoction (tea the main preparation method. The population was found to recognize and use a significant number of local species, with a broad range of knowledge in the medicinal category. Interview responses and daily management practices suggest a growing degree of concern within the population regarding plant biodiversity and conservation of these species.

  18. Ethnopharmacology of Medicinal Plants of the Pantanal Region (Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Isanete Geraldini Costa Bieski

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Traditional knowledge is an important source of obtaining new phytotherapeutic agents. Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants was conducted in Nossa Senhora Aparecida do Chumbo District (NSACD, located in Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brazil using semi-structured questionnaires and interviews. 376 species of medicinal plants belonging to 285 genera and 102 families were cited. Fabaceae (10.2%, Asteraceae (7.82% and Lamaceae (4.89% families are of greater importance. Species with the greater relative importance were Himatanthus obovatus (1.87, Hibiscus sabdariffa (1.87, Solidago microglossa (1.80, Strychnos pseudoquina (1.73 and Dorstenia brasiliensis, Scoparia dulcis L., and Luehea divaricata (1.50. The informant consensus factor (ICF ranged from 0.13 to 0.78 encompassing 18 disease categories,of which 15 had ICF greater than 0.50, with a predominance of disease categories related to injuries, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (ICF  =  0.78 having 65 species cited while 20 species were cited for mental and behavioral disorders (ICF  =  0.77. The results show that knowledge about medicinal plants is evenly distributed among the population of NSACD. This population possesses medicinal plants for most disease categories, with the highest concordance for prenatal, mental/behavioral and respiratory problems.

  19. Violência sexual contra adolescentes em Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Lucyana Conceição Lemes Justino

    Full Text Available RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a situação da violência sexual contra adolescentes. Métodos Estudo transversal com análise espacial, abrangendo 172 fichas de notificação, de janeiro de 2009 a janeiro de 2013, em Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul. Para a análise espacial, os dados foram agrupados por bairro. A análise estatística dos dados foi descritiva. Resultados Os adolescentes em situação de violência foram majoritariamente meninas (94,8% e de cor branca (37,8%. Predominou a violência intrafamiliar (51,7% e com um perpetrador (66,9%. A gravidez (8,7% foi uma das consequências. Os casos tiveram distribuição homogênea no município, sem padrão espacial preferencial e sem distinção de estrato social. Conclusões Apesar da subnotificação de casos de violência sexual, a frequência e as consequências individuais e coletivas desta são suficientemente graves para torná-la uma questão de saúde pública.

  20. SURVEY OF SCOLYTIDAE (COLEOPTERA IN PLANTATIONS OF Eucalyptus spp. IN CUIABÁ, STATE OF MATO GROSSO, BRAZIL

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    Fabiano de C. Balieiro

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A survey of Scolytidae population of species of Scolytidae family was made in plantations of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh, Eucalyptus citriodora Hook. f., Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell. and Eucalyptus urophylla S.T. Blake, located at Cuiabá city in Mato Grosso state from march 1998 to february 1999, with aid of ethanol traps model “escolitídeo-Curitiba”. The were used 24 traps, six per Eucalyptus plot/specie. Collection was made every 15 days and divided in two periods: drought (may – October and rRainy Season (november – april. There were collected a total of 19.153 individuals, distributed in 11 genera and 42 species. In the dry and rain periods there were collected 9.865 and 9.288 individuals, respectively. In plantations of Eucalyptus pellita and Eucalyptus urophylla were collected the largest amount of individuals, in both analyzed periods. Cryptocarenus diademantus Eggers, 1937; Cryptocarenus seriatus Eggers, 1933; Cryptocarenus heveae (Hagedorni, 1912; Hypothenemus obscurus (Fabricius, 1801 and Xyleborus spinosulus (Schedl, 1934 were in number, the most important in plantations of the four species of Eucalyptus.

  1. Aplicação do modelo Egipss nos hospitais regionais de Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Beatriz Figueiredo Dobashi

    Full Text Available No processo de reorganização da atenção hospitalar desenvolvido pela Secretaria de Saúde de Mato Grosso do Sul (SES/MS, a partir da celebração do Pacto pela Saúde em 2007, foi realizada a avaliação de desempenho dos hospitais regionais. O objetivo da avaliação, além de obter informações que orientassem o processo decisório para a melhoria contínua da atenção hospitalar, era o de desenvolver uma ferramenta que pudesse ser utilizada pelos próprios hospitais e incorporada a sua rotina. Um convênio celebrado com o Conselho Nacional de Secretários de Saúde (Conass permitiu o apoio da Universidade de Montréal, no Canadá, para a capacitação da equipe estadual, com desdobramentos para os hospitais avaliados e demais estados da federação. O presente artigo aborda o processo de aprendizado e desenvolvimento do método.

  2. BACTERIA CARRIED BY CHRYSOMYA MEGACEPHALA (FABRICIUS, 1794 (DIPTERA: CALLIPHORIDAE IN SINOP, MATO GROSSO, BRAZIL

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    J. S. Carneiro

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae, popularly known as blowfly, has a great capacity for dispersion and, due to factors such as food abundance and favorable climate, it colonizes Brazil completely in a short time. These insects are important to the sectors of epidemiology, public health and forensics, especially due to carrying microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa and helminthes, which are responsible for the spread of diseases such as dysentery, cholera, botulism, typhoid fever, brucellosis, polio, smallpox and tuberculosis. The objective of this study was to verify the diversity of bacteria carried by this species in the Federal University of Mato Grosso – Campus of Sinop during the month of January of 2012. The flies were collected using two traps baited with 100 g of fresh sardines on each and maintained in the field for 24 hours. Twenty specimens of C. megacephala were placed in Petri dishes, to walk for two minutes upon Nutrient Agar (NA. After establishment of the colonies, isolation of the bacteria on the NA medium and their multiplication in test tubes containing the same culture medium was performed, and later sent to identification by gas chromatography. The bacteria encountered were Aquaspirillum polymorphum; Burkholderia ambifaria; Burkholderia anthina; Burkholderia cepacia; Burkholderia cenocepacia; Burkholderia pyrrocinia; Burkholderia stabilis; Paenibacillus macerans; Virgibacillus pantothenticus, Bacillus subtilis e Photorhabdus luminescens luminescens, with the last two species considered of importance in the plant protection sector.

  3. Waste management in three public hospitals of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Keila Tivirolli

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To assess the management of health service waste generated in three public hospitals of Mato Grosso do Sul (Brazil, including qualitative and quantitative parameters. Methods: This was an observational and descriptive study. We assessed the waste management in two large public hospitals (HG1, 240 hospital beds and HG2, 343 beds and in a small sized one (HP, 35 hospital beds. The data were collected in situ, by direct observation of the procedures for waste management and by quantifying the mass of waste generated by working sector in the three hospitals. Results: The study revealed that the internal management of waste generated in the three health care unities was not adequate, and that their workers were not trained on the proper management of waste and the use of personal protective equipment. The average rates of waste generation determined in HG1, HG2 and HP were, respectively, 4.7, 4.8 and 2.4 Kg.hospital bed-1.day-1, that fit the range of values reported in the literature. Conclusion: The detected inadequacies directly put at risk the health of workers and others who attend the three assessed hospitals and the outside comunity, which may be exposed to pathogens or toxic agents present in such waste

  4. Intestinal parasitism among waste pickers in Mato Grosso do Sul, Midwest Brazil

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    Minoru German Higa Júnior

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasites in both cooperative-affiliated and independent waste pickers operating at the municipal sanitary landfill in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, and associate these findings with hemoglobin, eosinophils, vitamin A and C levels and interleukin 5 and 10 (IL-5 and IL-10 production. Biological samples were collected, in addition to clinical, epidemiological, and sociodemographic data. Stool analyzes were based on sedimentation by centrifugation and on spontaneous sedimentation. High-performance liquid chromatography was used to determine vitamin A and C levels. ELISA was employed to quantify interleukins. Intestinal parasites were found in 29 of the 66 subjects assessed (43.9%. Endolimax nana (22.7%, Entamoeba coli (21.1%, Giardia lamblia (6.1%, Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar (4.5%, and Ascaris lumbricoides (4.5% were the most prevalent species. Pathogenic parasites were detected in 11 individuals (16.7%. Hypovitaminoses A and C were detected in 19.6% (13/66 and 98.4% (65/66 of subjects, respectively. IL-5 and IL-10 production was observed in 21 (31.8% and 32 (48.4% subjects, respectively. Infection with pathogenic intestinal parasites was not a cause of vitamin A and C deficiency or IL-5 and IL-10 production among these workers.

  5. Prevalence and epidemiology of chronic hepatitis C among prisoners of Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil

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    MA Pompilio

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil, the number of prisoners has increased in the recent years and the control of hepatitis C virus (HCV has become more complex. The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence and identify the genotypes of HCV in prisoners as well as the factors associated with this infectious disease. Thereby, 443 men and 243 women from prisons were interviewed and subjected to blood collection. Anti-HCV reactive samples were analyzed by RT-PCR and genotyped. The overall seroprevalence of HCV infection was 4.8% (95%CI: 3.4 to 6.8%. Furthermore, the prevalence was higher in: men, injecting drug users, tattooed persons, those who were more than 50 years old, individuals who have been arrested multiple times, people with previous history of sexually transmitted disease (STD, persons who received blood transfusions or those with HIV/AIDS. The prevalence of RNA HCV by PCR was 3.0% (95%CI: 1.7 to 4.2%. Moreover, the coinfection of HIV and HCV was 33.3%. In addition, genotype 1 was the most frequent (85% followed by genotype 3 (15%. The screening strategy for HCV and other infectious diseases in inmates is important as it establishes an early diagnosis, opportunity for treatment and allows the breaking of the transmission chain.

  6. DIAGNOSIS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES IN A CITY OF NORTH MATO GROSSO

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    A. L. Paula

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to describe the entire trajectory, from the production to the final disposal of waste from public health services (RSS, of a municipality in the northern of Mato Grosso state. Data collection was conducted from an interview applied to the representative of the Secretariat of the City, and also visits were held to some units that produce RSS, as the Family Health Strategy Units (ESF, and at the landfill, local used to dump such waste. The images, recorded in photographs were taken by the researcher. Data analysis was performed considering the steps of RSS management, determined by Resolutions of the National Council of Environment (CONAMA N º 358 of 29 April 2005 and Board Resolution No. 306, of December 7, 2004 from the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA. Through data collection it was possible to observe that there is no a treatment step, all other steps being performed, although they are at odds with the laws of CONAMA and ANVISA

  7. Sheep abortion associated with Neospora caninum in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Ana Paula Pinto

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Canids are the main hosts of Neospora caninum, but cattle, (sheep, goats and horses may serve as intermediary hosts. N. caninum infection of pregnant intermediary hosts may provoke abortion and neonatal infections. This study is the first to report lamb abortion associated with N. caninum in Mato Grosso do Sul. Epidemiological data were obtained from interviews with sheep producers. For microscopic examination, fragments of different organs removed from 4 sheep fetuses, aborted and necropsied, were fixed in 10% formaldehyde, embedded in paraffin and subjected to the hematoxylin-eosin staining protocol and immunohistochemistry (IHC to test for N. caninum and Toxoplasma gondii. The abortion outbreak studied was reported from a herd of 268 Santa Inês sheep (including 186 pregnant ewes, with 10 abortion cases in the last third of gestation. Four fetuses were examined, 3 from a same ewe. At necropsy, one fetus exhibited crackling in the lung and all its organs were reddish. Histological findings detected mononuclear cell infiltrates among myocardium fibers and around blood vessels, in addition to circular structures with basophilic points resembling protozoans. IHC tests revealed strongly positive staining for N. caninum and weakly positive for T. gondii, characterizing N. caninum infection.

  8. Checklist dos Conopidae (Insecta, Diptera do Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Leonardo Silvestre Gomes Rocha

    Full Text Available RESUMO Conopidae é uma família pouco estudada e de sistemática controversa entre os Diptera. Os adultos são nectarívoros e as larvas têm hábito parasitóide em Hymenoptera, Orthoptera, Blattaria e Diptera. São conhecidas 800 espécies e 56 gêneros com distribuição mundial. Uma lista de 15 espécies em quatro gêneros registradas para o estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, elaborada com base na bibliografia disponível e no material identificado de diversas coleções brasileiras, é fornecida. As coletas estão concentradas no município de Maracaju em bioma de Cerrado, com apenas uma exceção. Faz-se necessário incrementar as coletas em outras regiões e outros ambientes do estado, para que lacunas de amostragem sejam preenchidas.

  9. INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES & PORTUGUESE LANGUAGE IN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES IN THE SOUTHERN OF MATO GROSSO DO SUL

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    Marilze Tavares

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Most part of indigenous adults in the Guarani communities of Mato Grosso do Sul is bilingual and has one of the indigenous languages, Guarani Kaiowá or Guarani Ñandeva, as their mother tongue and Portuguese as a second language; only a few elderly and young children still who do not go to school speak only the mother tongue. In this paper, we try to verify which impression the speakers have for each of these languages and the importance they attribute to each one of them. Data analysis showed that the mother tongue is closely related to the expression of their traditional culture; in general, the indigenous claim their languages are being transmitted to new generations, and therefore preserved in an appropriate manner in the two communities. The Portuguese is also considered very important by all informants and the main motivation for its teaching/learning is the need to contact with the non-indigenous population. These results may help us understand issues related to the future of these indigenous languages and Portuguese language in the investigated communities.

  10. Interstitial nephritis of slaughtered pigs in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    João X. Oliveira Filho

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated histological lesions in kidney samples from pigs with nephritis in two slaughterhouses in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Four hundred samples were subjected to histology, anti-porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2 immunohistochemistry (IHC, anti-Leptospira sp. immunofluorescence (IF, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR for PCV2, porcine parvovirus (PPV, and Torque teno virus type 1 and 2 (TTV1, TTV2 detection. Histological lesions were found in 81% of the samples, and mononuclear interstitial nephritis was the most frequent lesion (77.50%. A follicular pattern was observed in 40.97% of the interstitial nephritis lesions. PCV2, PPV, TTV1, and TTV2 were identified in the kidneys by PCR in 27.25%, 28.50%, 94%, and 87.5% of the samples, respectively. Leptospira sp. was not detected through IF. Infection by PCV2 (PCR and the presence of histological lesions (P=0.008 and giant cells (P=0.0016 were significantly associated. An association was observed between the TTV2-TTV1 co-infection (P<0.0001 and the risk for pathogenesis. These findings indicated that PCV2, PPV, TTV1, and TTV2 were widely distributed among pigs in the local farms and that the presence of these agents should be considered in the differential diagnosis of kidneys with interstitial nephritis in pigs.

  11. Relationships between water transparency and abundance of Cynodontidae species in the Bananal floodplain, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Cesar Enrique de Melo

    Full Text Available The Cerrado in the Central Brazil is currently one of the most threatened ecosystems in the world. As a result, the aquatic habitats in this biome also undergo great impacts. Alterations related to land-use change increase sediment loadings in rivers, streams and lakes, resulting in sedimentation and decrease in water transparency. Water transparency determines underwater visibility conditions, and as a consequence fish assemblages respond to spatial and temporal changes in this variable. This work aimed to examine the influence of transparency on the abundance and distribution of Cynodontidae species, a visually oriented predatory fish group. Fish sampling was conducted in 15 sites located between Mortes and Araguaia rivers in the Bananal floodplain, Mato Grosso State. Regression analysis between relative abundance of Cynodontidae (in number of individuals and biomass and water transparency showed a positive and highly significant correlation, indicating that this group shows species-specific habitat affinities for clearer waters. These results suggest that the increase in water turbidity in this region can affect the patterns of abundance and distribution of the Cynodontidae species, as well as other visually oriented fishes.

  12. Population dynamics of caterpillars on three cover crops before sowing cotton in Mato Grosso (Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvie, P J; Menzel, C A; Mello, A; Coelho, A G

    2010-01-01

    Direct seeding mulch-based cropping systems under a preliminary cover crop such as millet are common in some areas of Brazil. Lepidopteran pests that damage cotton, soybean and maize crops can proliferate on cover crops, so preventive chemical treatments are necessary. Very little data is available on these pests on cover crops. This paper presents the dynamics of Spodoptera frugiperda, S. eridania, Mocis latipes and Diatraea saccharalis caterpillars monitored at Primavera do Leste, Mato Grosso state (Brazil) during the of 2005/2006 and 2006/2007 cropping seasons on four cover crops, i.e. finger millet (Eleusine coracana), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) and ruzigrass (Brachiaria ruziziensis). The pests were visually counted on plants within a 1 m2 transect (wooden frame). Caterpillars were reared to facilitate identification of collected species and parasitoids. Many S. frugiperda caterpillars were observed on millet in 2005, with a maximum of 37 caterpillars/m2. On sorghum, we found 30 caterpillars/m2, or 0.83 caterpillars/plant. The Diatraea borer attacked sorghum later than the other pests. M. latipes was also observed on millet. The millet cover crop had to be dried for at least 1 month before direct drilling the main cotton crop in order to impede S. frugiperda infestations on cotton plantlets, thus avoiding the need for substantial resowing. The comparative methodological aspects are discussed.

  13. [Managerial performance in public health services: a case study in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbieri, Ana Rita; Hortale, Virginia Alonso

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents part of a doctoral dissertation that developed a theoretical model capable of identifying managerial performance in various administrative levels of a Municipal Health Secretariat. The methodology was a case study of the Municipal Health Secretariat in Campo Grande, capital of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The theoretical model was based on recent debates emphasizing the need to modernize public administration, with an emphasis on efficacy and efficiency in the organizations as a whole. Some 31 interviews were conducted with the objective of identifying the managers' performance, through questions based on their daily practices in planning, organization, direction, and control. Managers from higher hierarchical levels obtained better results, while those in basic health units generally developed activities and complied with decisions passed down by imposition, with limited capacity to plan, organize, or control activities pertaining to their management sphere. These results stem partially from the charismatic leadership and centralizing administration of the current management in the municipal health system.

  14. Plantas medicinais comercializadas por raizeiros no Centro de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul

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    G.P. Nunes

    Full Text Available Foi realizado um levantamento das plantas medicinais mais solicitadas a raizeiros do centro da cidade de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, ou por eles indicadas. Esse levantamento foi efetuado em duas épocas distintas: 1992 e 2002. A compilação dos dados revelou que 27 espécies foram citadas em 1992 e 32 em 2002. As seis espécies mais freqüentemente consumidas (Maytenus cf. macrodonta, "cancorosa"; Baccharis trimera, "carqueja"; Achyrocline alata, "jateí-kaá"; Stryphnodendron adstringens, "barbatimão"; Cochlospermum regium, "algodãozinho", e Echinodorus macrophyllus, "chapéu-de-couro" foram adquiridas para identificação e avaliação preliminar da sua qualidade. Nas duas épocas, a qualidade das plantas medicinais apresentava itens que reprovavam seu consumo. Em ambos os levantamentos, observou-se uma constância das espécies mais utilizadas e uma coerência satisfatória com os dados disponíveis sobre os hábitos da automedicação da população do município. Os motivos e sintomas mais freqüentes para a aquisição de plantas medicinais foram os relacionados ao uso analgésico, sistemas genitourinário, respiratório e osteomuscular, dispepsia/má digestão e tecido conjuntivo.

  15. Teores de chumbo em suplementos minerais comercializados no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Marçal Wilmar Sachetin

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Para se proceder a uma avaliação de misturas minerais, foi realizada uma pesquisa em diferentes formulações, dentre as mais comercializadas no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, visando a averiguar a presença de metais pesados. O primeiro elemento investigado foi o chumbo, considerado um xenobiótico de grande risco a saúde dos animais. O elemento foi determinado pela técnica de espectrofotometria de emissão atômica. De 19 amostras analisadas, 11 tiveram valores superiores aos 10ppm recomendado como máximo valor aceitável pelo NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL (1980. Os teores oscilaram entre 1,7 e 460ppm e o maior resultado foi 460 ppm, encontrado numa amostra colhida no município de Paranaíba. Os resultados demonstram ser necessário o monitoramento junto aos fabricantes, pois algumas misturas minerais podem ser eminentemente perigosas aos ruminantes.

  16. SPATIAL VARIABILITY AND VITALITY OF EPIGEOUS TERMITE MOUNDS IN PASTURES OF MATO GROSSO DO SUL, BRAZIL

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    Sandra Santana Lima

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Epigeous termite mounds are frequently observed in pasture areas, but the processes regulating their population dynamics are poorly known. This study evaluated epigeous termite mounds in cultivated grasslands used as pastures, assessing their spatial distribution by means of geostatistics and evaluating their vitality. The study was conducted in the Cerrado biome in the municipality of Rio Brilhante, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. In two pasture areas (Pasture 1 and Pasture 2, epigeous mounds (nests were georeferenced and analyzed for height, circumference and vitality (inhabited or not. The area occupied by the mounds was calculated and termite specimens were collected for taxonomic identification. The spatial distribution pattern of the mounds was analyzed with geostatistical procedures. In both pasture areas, all epigeous mounds were built by the same species, Cornitermes cumulans. The mean number of mounds per hectare was 68 in Pasture 1 and 127 in Pasture 2, representing 0.4 and 1 % of the entire area, respectively. A large majority of the mounds were active (vitality, 91 % in Pasture 1 and 84 % in Pasture 2. A “pure nugget effect” was observed in the semivariograms of height and nest circumference in both pastures reflecting randomized spatial distribution and confirming that the distribution of termite mounds in pastures had a non-standard distribution.

  17. Determinants of Buying Behavior of Grain Producers: A Multiple Case Study with Mid and Large Size Producers in the State of Mato Grosso

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    Roberto Fava Scare

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, Brazilian agribusiness has demanded for inputs, capital goods, financial services and technology. In addition, there have been changes in the size of the properties, as well as in risk management and commercialization practices, and level of education and posture of those responsible for the decision making of agricultural enterprises. It is fundamental for companies that supply inputs and services to farmers to understand some variables in such changing environment, considering that they influence the business model and the buying behavior of rural producers. The purpose of this study is to develop knowledge and familiarity with the buying behavior of grain farmers in the State of Mato Grosso, with the intent of understanding how this behavior can be influenced by theproducer's profile and the farm features, as well as the risk and business management practices, the decision making, the sources of information, and the products and suppliers. In order to achieve such a goal,a multiple case study was developed by interviewing, face to face, three grain producers, from the State of Mato Grosso. The results demonstrate that the most influential determinants on the buying behavior of the interviewed producers were their level of involvement in the decision making process, the benefit they expect from each type of product, the size of their farming operation, the kind of yield production, and the crop rotation and its relation to productivity. Additionally, the ownership or not of the land, the business profitability, credit restrictions and risk management, they all influence the level of the producer's capitalization and consequently his choices of channels for acquiring inputs and capital goods. Last, though not less important, the sources of information and their reliability have an impact on the producer's loyalty to a brand, or to a local distributor or to a salesperson.

  18. Meningoencefalite em bovinos causada por herpesvírus bovino-5 no Mato Grosso do Sul e São Paulo Meningoencephalitis in cattle caused by bovine herpesvirus-5 in Mato Grosso do Sul and São Paulo

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    Sandro César Salvador

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available Quinze focos de meningoencefalite por herpesvírus bovino-5 (BHV-5 foram diagnosticados entre agosto de 1993 e dezembro de 1996, sendo 14 provenientes do estado do Mato Grosso do Sul e um do estado de São Paulo. A doença ocorreu em diversos municípios e em diferentes épocas do ano. Foram afetados bovinos de 6 a 60 meses de idade, com uma morbidade de 0,05% a 5% e letalidade próxima a 100%. Os sinais clínicos foram exclusivamente nervosos e o curso da enfermidade variou de 1 a 15 dias. As principais lesões histológicas detectadas foram meningite e encefalite difusa com malacia do córtex cerebral e presença de corpúsculos de inclusão intranucleares em astrócitos e neurônios. O vírus foi isolado do cérebro de 11 de um total de 12 animais, e sua identidade confirmada por imunoperoxidase, utilizando-se anticorpos monoclonais específicos. Os surtos de encefalite por BHV-5 representam 5% dos diagnósticos realizados em bovinos pelo Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul. Os resultados deste trabalho evidenciam a importância da doença no Mato Grosso do Sul e indicam a necessidade de incluir a encefalite por BHV-5 no diagnóstico diferencial de outras doenças do sistema nervoso de bovinos frequentes no Estado.Fifteen outbreaks of bovine herpesvirus-type 5 (BHV-5 infection were diagnosed from August 1993 to December 1996. Fourteen outbreaks occurred in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and one in the State of São Paulo. Cattle 6 to 60 months old were affected. Morbidity reached 0.05% to 5% and case fatality rate was nearly 100%. The disease occurred in different municipalities and at different times of the year. Clinical signs were exclusively nervous, and the clinical course varied from 1 to 15 days. The main histologic lesions were meningitis, diffuse encephalitis and necrosis of the cerebral cortex with intranuclear inclusion bodies in astrocytes and neurons. BHV-5 was isolated from 11 out of 12 brains of

  19. Escola primária em Mato Grosso: aspectos de uma cultura escolar em construção (1910-1915 Primary school in Mato Grosso: aspects of an educational culture in construction (1910-1915

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    Cancionila Janzkovski Cardoso

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Apresentamos dados de uma pesquisa que contribui para a reconstrução da memória da cultura escolar primária, na perspectiva da História Cultural e da Cultura Escolar. Recorremos aos Relatórios da Diretoria da Instrução Pública, elaborados pelo Major José Estevão Corrêa nos cinco primeiros anos que se seguem à reforma da instrução pública realizada em 1910. Resultados indicam as relações de força entre educadores paulistas e autoridades educacionais de Mato Grosso, na instauração de um novo modelo de escola, tendo como decorrência a construção de uma cultura escolar diferenciada da que vigorou até a primeira década do século XX.We present data from a research that envisages to contribute to the reconstruction of the primary educational culture's memory, in the State of Mato Grosso, from the Cultural History and Educational Culture perspectives. We use the Reports from the Public Board of Education, elaborated by Major José Estevão Corrêa in the first five years that follow the Public Education Amendment, in 1910. Results indicate the power relations among educators from the State of São Paulo and educational authorities from the State of Mato Grosso, in the instauration of a new model of school, having as a consequence the construction of a differentiated educational culture from the one that has invigorated in the first decade of the 20th century.

  20. Produção orgânica em Mato Grosso do Sul: uma investigação sobre a APOMS.

    OpenAIRE

    Lijerón, Elisângela Alves

    2006-01-01

    "Produção Orgânica em Mato Grosso do Sul: uma investigação sobre a APOMS", tem corno objeto de investigação a produção de orgânicos pela APOMS (Associação dos Produtores Orgânicos de Mato Grosso do Sul). Visa realizar um estudo exploratório sobre as políticas, programas e iniciativa em agricultura orgânica no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, mais especificamente, identificar as características da produção em propriedades desta associação. Visando urna melhor compreensão da evolução desta produçã...

  1. Flutuação populacional e sintomas de dano por ácaros (Acari em seringueira no Estado do Mato Grosso, Brasil Population fluctuation and mite (Acari damage symptoms in rubber trees in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Noeli Juarez Ferla

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Apesar da grande importância da cultura da seringueira (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg. para o Brasil, pouco se conhece sobre a flutuação populacional dos ácaros nessa cultura. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a flutuação populacional de ácaros na seringueira no Estado do Mato Grosso, bem como observar a evolução dos sintomas de ataque de tais pragas nessa planta. O estudo foi conduzido em campos de seringueira de Itiquira e Pontes e Lacerda, Estado do Mato Grosso, com seis clones: FX 3864, RRIM 600, IAN 873, IAN 713, PB 260 e PR 255, cujas coletas foram realizadas de agosto de 1998 a julho de 2000. Na safra de 1998/1999, a amostragem foi de 150 folhas de cada um dos estratos basal, mediano e apical, em 10 plantas ao acaso. A metodologia de coleta na safra de 1999/2000 foi alterada devido aos resultados da parcial anterior de cinco folhas do estrato mediano de cada uma das 15 plantas ao acaso. Calacarus heveae Feres foi a espécie mais freqüente em Itiquira e Phyllocoptruta serigueirae Feres em Pontes e Lacerda. A queda prematura das folhas foi observada apenas em Itiquira.Despite the importance of rubber trees (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg. to Brazil, little is known about mite population fluctuation on this crop. The aim of this work was to study the fluctuation of the mite population on rubber trees in the state of Mato Grosso and to observe the evolution of the symptoms caused by their attack. This study was conducted in rubber tree fields at Itiquira and Pontes e Lacerda in the state of Mato Grosso with six clones: FX 3864, RRIM 600, IAN 873, IAN 713, PB 260 and PR 255. Samplings were conducted between August 1998 and July 2000. The 1998/1999 samples consisted of 150 leaves of each of the basal, median and apical strata of 10 plants, randomly taken. The 1999/2000 sampling methodology was changed due the results for the previous partial for five leaves of the median stratum of each of 15 plants randomly taken. Calacarus heveae

  2. Energy balance, bioelectricity and emission of greenhouse gases from power plants in Mato Grosso do Sul; Balanco energetico, bioeletricidade e emissao de gases estufa das usinas de Mato Grosso do Sul

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turdera, Eduardo Mirko Valenzuela [Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados (UFGD), MS (Brazil)], email: eduardoturdera@ufgd.edu.br

    2010-07-01

    First we present in this paper the most important greenhouse gases emitted by sugar cane crops. The principal reference of the energy balance methodology and its theory are described. Furthermore, we show the yields of the unique energy balance applied to the sugar cane mills of Mato Grosso do Sul. The yields brings information about land use of the sugar cane crops, efficiency of technologies and process to produce ethanol and inputs about how the companies could improve its competitive position which involves, to care of environment impacts. Finally, we present the yield of CO{sub 2} emissions of the five mills evaluated. (author)

  3. Projection of energy demand of the agricultural sector of Mato Grosso using the model of structural decomposition; Projecao da demanda energetica do setor agropecuario de Mato Grosso utilizando o modelo de decomposicao estrutural

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    Dorileo, Ivo Leandro [Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso (NIEPE/UFMT), Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Estudos em Planejamento Energetico; Bajay, Sergio Valdir [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (NIPE/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Planejamento Energetico

    2006-07-01

    Agriculture in Mato Grosso is, currently, the main responsible for the high economic growth of the state's economy, sustaining population in rural areas and pushing industrialization. Around 30% of the state's GDP is provided by this sector. A retrospective analysis of the evolution of the economic and energy consumption related parameters involved in the structural decomposition forecasting model precedes, in this paper, a prospective analysis, up to the year 2012, using this model, of energy consumption in this sector in the State. The energy demand forecasts follow a structure of macro economic scenarios which correspond to several possibilities of the local GDP growth. (author)

  4. Riqueza e abundância de Culicidae (Diptera em área impactada, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Richness and abundance of Culicidae (Diptera in an area impacted, Mato Grosso do Sul, Midwestern Brazil

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    Almério de Castro Gomes

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available O represamento do Rio Pananá para construção da hidrelétrica de Porto Primavera, entre os Estados do Mato Grosso do Sul e São Paulo, alterou as relações ecológicas na região. O objetivo do estudo foi descrever a fauna de culicídeos potencialmente vetores nesse reservatório, a 2km da margem direita, em Bataguassu, Mato Grosso do Sul, na fase anterior à inundação. Os culicídeos foram capturados em ambientes distintos mensalmente, de julho de 1997 a novembro de 1999. Foram calculados índices de riqueza e abundância. Obtiveram-se 16.553 exemplares adultos e 1.795 imaturos, com riqueza de 86 e 44 espécies, respectivamente. A fauna culicídea da área de estudo apresentava relativa riqueza, com espécies de valor epidemiológico, como o Anopheles darlingi, além de outras com potencial na veiculação de arbovírus.The damming of Paraná River for the construction of Porto Primavera Hydroelectric Power Plant, between the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Midwestern Brazil and São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil, has changed the ecological relationships in the area. The objective of the study was to describe the fauna that can be potential vectors in this reservoir, 2 km away from its right bank, in Bataguassu, Mato Grosso do Sul, before flooding. Mosquitoes were monthly captured in different environments from July 1997 to November 1999. During this period 16,553 adult specimens and 1,795 immature forms were collected with richness of 86 different species of adults and 44 different species of immature forms. The fauna presented a richness that included species of epidemiological importance, as Anopheles darlingi and other mosquitoes with potential for arbovirus transmission.

  5. Triagem para distúrbios visuais em escolares no município de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil = Screening for visual disturbances in schoolchildren in the city of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Biberg-Salum, Tânia Gisela; Pícoli, Renata Palópoli; Budib, Camila Bogoni; Souza, Camila Caldas de; Guimarães, Carlos Magno; Aguiar, Eduardo Silva; Cunha, Livia Oliveira; Kawabata, Marco Antônio; Comparin, Matheus Ribeiro; Engelman, Wagner Luiz; Guimarães, Carlos Magno

    2015-01-01

    Objetivos: Verificar a ocorrência de alterações visuais em escolares de uma instituição filantrópica do município de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com escolares de seis a 12 anos de idade, de ambos os sexos, que frequentavam uma instituição filantrópica no ano de 2012. Para a triagem visual foi utilizado o teste de Ishihara e a leitura da escala optométrica de Snellen. Posteriormente, os escolares com resultado alterado foram referencia...

  6. Gafanhotos (Orthoptera, Acridoidea em áreas de cerrados e lavouras na Chapada dos Parecis, Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil Grasshoppers (Orthoptera, Acridoidea in native savanna and crop areas in Chapada dos Parecis, Mato Grosso State, Brazil

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    Wanderlei Dias Guerra

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Gafanhotos (Orthoptera, Acridoidea em áreas de cerrados e lavouras na Chapada dos Parecis, Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil. Foi determinada a composição e abundância de espécies de gafanhotos usando amostragem com rede entomológica durante 3 anos de estudo na Chapada dos Parecis, estado de Mato Grosso. O levantamento foi feito em áreas de lavouras e com vegetação ainda nativa (cerrados com, respectivamente, 56 e 59 locais inventariados em cada ambiente. Foram coletados 3.031 indivíduos de gafanhotos de 64 espécies distribuídas entre as famílias e subfamílias: Acrididae (49: Gomphocerinae (21, Ommatolampinae (10, Melanoplinae (6, Acridinae (4 Leptysminae (3, Copiocerinae (3, Proctolabinae (1 e Cyrtacanthacridinae (1; Romaleidae (1: Romaleinae (13 e Ommexechidae (1: Ommexechinae (2, além de 1550 ninfas. A diversidade de espécies foi maior no cerrado (61 do que nas lavouras (16, ocorrendo o inverso com relação à abundância onde as espécies Baeacris punctulatus (Thunberg, 1824 e Orphulella punctata (De Geer, 1773 predominaram representando 49,5% do total de indivíduos coletados em toda a Chapada dos Parecis e, juntas, somam 78,8% da abundância registrada nas áreas de lavouras e tem potencial de se tornarem pragas.Grasshoppers (Orthoptera, Acridoidea in native savanna and crop areas in Chapada dos Parecis, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. We determined the composition and abundance of grasshoppers using sweep net sampling during three years at the Parecis Plateau, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The survey was done in areas with crops and native vegetation (savanna with, respectively, 56 and 59 sites available in each environment. 3.031 individuals of grasshoppers were collected from 64 species distributed among the following families and subfamilies: Acrididae (49: Gomphocerinae (21, Ommatolampinae (10, Melanoplinae (6, Acridinae (4 Leptysminae (3, Copiocerinae (3, Proctolabinae (1 and Cyrtacanthacridinae (1; Romaleidae (1: Romaleinae

  7. A expansão da epidemia da leishmaniose visceral no Estado de Mato Grosso, 1998-2005 The spread of the visceral leishmaniasis epidemic in the State of Mato Grosso, 1998-2005

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    Gustavo Leandro da Cruz Mestre

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Uma epidemia de leishmaniose visceral teve início em 1998 na Região Metropolitana de Cuiabá, capital de Mato Grosso, atingindo hoje 34 (24,1% dos 141 municípios do estado. Entre janeiro de 1998 e dezembro de 2005, foram notificados 138 casos autóctones, predominando o sexo masculino (58%, crianças (51,5% de 0-9 anos e residentes (66,7% de áreas urbanas. A leishmaniose visceral canina foi identificada em 41 municípios, com soropositividade de 9% em 40.000 cães examinados. Lutzomyia longipalpis e/ou Lutzomyia cruzi foram capturadas em 14 dos 18 municípios que registraram simultaneamente leishmaniose visceral humana e canina. Os resultados indicam que a transmissão da leishmaniose visceral dissemina-se para o interior do estado, acompanhando o fluxo migratório e o processo de ocupação urbana desordenada das cidades. A presença isolada de Lutzomyia cruzi em municípios com alta incidência de casos humanos e caninos de leishmaniose visceral sugere possível participação desta espécie na cadeia de transmissão dessa parasitose em Mato Grosso.An epidemic of visceral leishmaniasis began in 1998, in the Metropolitan Region of Cuiabá, the capital of the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Today, it has reached 34 (24.1% of the 141 municipalities in the state. Between January 1998 and December 2005, 138 autochthonous cases were notified, mainly in males (58%, children aged 0-9 years (51.5% and inhabitants of urban areas (66.7%. Canine visceral leishmaniasis has been detected in 41 municipalities, with positive serum in 9% of the 40,000 dogs examined. Lutzomyia longipalpis and/or Lutzomyia cruzi were captured in 14 out of the 18 municipalities that simultaneously recorded both human and canine visceral leishmaniasis. These findings indicate that visceral leishmaniasis transmission has become disseminated throughout the state, following migratory flows and the process of disorderly occupation of urban areas. The presence of Lutzomyia cruzi

  8. Phyto chemical study and evaluation of allelopathy in Memora peregrina, 'ciganinha', Bignoniaceae, an invading species in pastures in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil; Estudo fitoquimico e avaliacao alelopatica de Memora peregrina - 'ciganinha' - Bignoniaceae, uma especie invasora de pastagens em Mato Grosso do Sul

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grassi, Rafaela Ferreira [Mato Grosso do Sul Univ., Campo Grande, MS (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica; Resende, Ubirazilda Maria [Mato Grosso do Sul Univ., Campo Grande, MS (Brazil). Dept. de Biologia; Silva, Walciane da; Macedo, Maria Ligia Rodrigues [Mato Grosso do Sul Univ., Campo Grande, MS (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias Naturais; Butera, Ana Paola; Tulli, Elayne de Oliveira; Saffran, Francis Paes; Siqueira, Joao Maximo de [Mato Grosso do Sul Univ., Campo Grande, MS (Brazil). Dept. de Farmacia-Bioquamica]. E-mail: jmaximo@nin.ufms.br

    2005-04-01

    Memora peregrina (local name: 'ciganinha' - Bignoniaceae) is a weed that often invades pastures in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul. From its leaves and subterranean parts, the following compounds were isolated: allantoin (20.7 w/w in subterranean parts), the iridoid 6{beta}-hydroxyipolamiide, hyperin, 3'-O-methylhyperin, 4-hydroxy-N-methylproline, {beta}-sitosterol, {alpha}-amirin and {beta}-amirin, and lupeol. Allantoin exhibited an activity of inducing germination in seeds of Lactuca sativa used as a biological model, and the iridoid showed moderate activity in the larval development of Anagasta kuehniella. These results, associated with this plant's behavior, are suggestive of the occurrence of adaptive and competitive strategies in relation to other plant species. (author)

  9. Estudo fitoquímico e avaliação alelopática de Memora peregrina - "ciganinha" - Bignoniaceae, uma espécie invasora de pastagens em Mato Grosso do Sul Phytochemical study and evaluation of allelopathy in Memora peregrina, 'ciganinha', Bignoniaceae, an invading species in pastures in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaela Ferreira Grassi

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Memora peregrina (local name: 'ciganinha' - Bignoniaceae is a weed that often invades pastures in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul. From its leaves and subterranean parts, the following compounds were isolated: allantoin (20.7 w/w in subterranean parts, the iridoid 6beta-hydroxyipolamiide, hyperin, 3'-O-methylhyperin, 4-hydroxy-N-methylproline, beta-sitosterol, alpha-amirin and beta-amirin, and lupeol. Allantoin exhibited an activity of inducing germination in seeds of Lactuca sativa used as a biological model, and the iridoid showed moderate activity in the larval development of Anagasta kuehniella. These results, associated with this plant's behavior, are suggestive of the occurrence of adaptive and competitive strategies in relation to other plant species.

  10. Genotype by environment interaction in Nelore cattle from five Brazilian states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Iara Del Pilar Solar; de Oliveira, Henrique Nunes; Bezerra, Luis Antônio Framartino; Lôbo, Raysildo Barbosa

    2011-07-01

    Records from 75,941 Nelore cattle were used to determine the importance of genotype by environment interaction (GEI) in five Brazilian states. (Co)variance components were estimated by single-trait analysis (with yearling weight, W450, considered to be the same trait in all states) and multiple-trait analysis (with the record from each state considered to be a different trait). The direct heritability estimates for yearling weight were 0.51, 0.39, 0.44, 0.37 and 0.41 in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso, São Paulo, Mato Grosso do Sul and Minas Gerais, respectively. The across-state genetic correlation estimates between Goiás and Mato Grosso, Goiás and Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Minas Gerais, and Mato Grosso do Sul and Minas Gerais ranged from 0.67 to 0.75. These estimates indicate that GEIs are biologically important. No interactions were observed between Goiás and São Paulo, Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso and São Paulo, Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso and Minas Gerais, or São Paulo and Mato Grosso do Sul (0.82 to 0.97). Comparison of single and multiple-trait analyses showed that selection based on the former was less efficient in the presence of GEI, with substantial losses (up to 10%) during selection.

  11. A interiorização da educação superior no Brasil: caso de Mato Grosso

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    Arno Rieder

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Aborda-se a interiorização e expansão da Educação Superior Pública Estadual no Mato Grosso(MT, Brasil. Em 1978 nasce o Instituto de Ensino Superior de Cáceres-IESC; estadualizado em 1985. Até 1990 atende apenas Cáceres. Depois se expande, interiorizandose para outras regiões de MT, então com o nome de Fundação de Ensino Superior de Mato Grosso (FESMAT. Em 1993 assume o nome de Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso (UNEMAT, sendo credenciado como tal em 1999. Em Cáceres está a sede Administrativa e o Campus pioneiro. Entre 1990-2002, através de estrutura multi-Campi atende Sinop, Colider, Alta Floresta, Luciara, Nova Xavantina, Alto Araguaia, Barra do Bugres, Tangará da Serra, Pontes e Lacerda. Entre 1998-2002 implanta um processo de expansão-2 de áreas e formatos ofertados. A partir dos Campi, atende outros municípios, através de programas e turmas especiais. A UNEMAT começou do sonho de um povo sofrido, mas determinado e audaz; faz 30 anos, cuja consolidação, teve vários episódios de luta de classes, idéias e ideais, sempre, na hora certa, com respaldo de seu povo. Graças a existência da Educação Superior(ES no interior de MT, há progressão sustentada do desenvolvimento local. É a primeira de MT, que implantou Licenciatura Plena em Computação e ES Indígena.

  12. Natural transovarial transmission of dengue virus 4 in Aedes aegypti from Cuiabá, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Lucinéia Claudia de Toni Aquino da Cruz

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Dengue is the most prevalent arboviral disease in tropical areas. In Mato Grosso, outbreaks are reported every year, but studies on dengue in this state are scarce. METHODS: Natural transovarial infection of Aedes aegypti by a flavivirus was investigated in the Jardim Industriário neighborhood of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso. Eggs were collected with ovitraps during the dry, intermediate, and rainy seasons of 2012. After the eggs hatched and the larvae developed to adulthood, mosquitoes (n = 758 were identified and allocated to pools of 1-10 specimens according to the collection location, sex, and climatic period. After RNA extraction, multiplex semi-nested RT-PCR was performed to detect the four dengue virus (DENV serotypes, yellow fever virus, West Nile virus and Saint Louis encephalitis virus. RESULTS: DENV-4 was the only flavivirus detected, and it was found in 8/50 pools (16.0%. Three of the positive pools contained females, and five contained males. Their nucleotide sequences presented 96-100% similarity with DENV-4 genotype II strains from Manaus, Amazonas. The minimum infection rate was 10.5 per 1000 specimens, and the maximum likelihood estimator of the infection rate was 11.6 (95% confidence interval: 4.8; 23.3. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the first evidence of natural transovarial infection by DENV-4 in Ae. Aegypti in Mato Grosso, suggesting that this type of infection might serve as a mechanism of virus maintenance during interepidemic periods in Cuiabá, a city where dengue epidemics are reported every year. These results emphasize the need for efficient vector population control measures to prevent arbovirus outbreaks in the state.

  13. Qualidade de sementes de soja utilizadas no estado de Mato Grosso, obtidas na abrangência do circuito tecnológico APROSOJA, na safra 2013/2014

    OpenAIRE

    Chagas, Magda da Fonseca

    2015-01-01

    A semente é um dos suportes básicos da agricultura e uma boa produção depende, entre outros fatores, da qualidade das sementes. Objetivou-se neste trabalho avaliar a qualidade fisiológica e sanitária de sementes de soja utilizadas por produtores no estado de Mato Grosso. As sementes foram cedidas pela Associação de Produtores de Soja e Milho de Mato Grosso – APROSOJA/MT e coletadas durante o V circuito Tecnológico promovido pela instituição. Foram avaliados vários cultivares provenientes de d...

  14. Mário Zan: um arauto da música de fronteira de Mato Grosso do Sul

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrari, José Francisco

    2015-01-01

    Esta tese tem como objeto de pesquisa reconhecer o músico/sanfoneiro Mário Zan, como um dos primeiros compositores a divulgar os ritmos e a música da fronteira sul-mato-grossense, aos outros estados da nação e também fora dela, o que contribuiu para torná-lo conhecido e respeitado no Brasil, concluindo ser o mesmo, um arauto da música de fronteira de Mato Grosso do Sul. Com isso objetivamos verificar a influência da música de fronteira nas composições de Mário Zan, bem como a relevância de su...

  15. Crescimento econômico municipal em Mato Grosso: uma análise de convergência de renda

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    Charline Dassow

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa os efeitos dos componentes setoriais do valor adicionado bruto sobre o crescimento econômico e a convergência de renda em Mato Grosso de 2001 a 2007. Adaptou-se o modelo de Barro e Sala-i-Martin para β convergência com técnicas econométricas espaciais. Os testes de autocorrelação espacial indicaram dependência espacial nas taxas de crescimento e composições setoriais da renda per capita no valor adicionado total. Houve convergência absoluta e condicional da renda nos municípios mato-grossenses. O setor agropecuário foi o principal responsável pelas oscilações econômicas, tanto para formação do valor adicionado como para a geração de renda.

  16. PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE OF THE INTERDISCIPLINARY TEAM IN SERVING DRUG DEPENDENTS IN SPECIALIZED NETWORK OF MENTAL HEALTH SINOP, MATO GROSSO

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    P. V. C. Santos

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Chemical dependency is currently one of the most important public health problems in our country. The study deals with a quantitative and qualitative research, whose goal is to evaluate the perception and performance of the interdisciplinary team in serving drug dependents in specialized network of mental health Sinop, Mato Grosso. Applied a semi-structured questionnaire with objective and subjective questions with 11 professionals in health care at the Psychosocial Care Center (CAPS and Medical Specialties Center (EMC. The results reveal the importance of the preparation of these professionals to work in service to dependents and interdisciplinarity proved to be the best option to achieve a dignified and humane care

  17. As estratégias de marketing utilizadas por três pequenas empresas varejistas de Mato Grosso do Sul

    OpenAIRE

    SILVA, PAULO RICARDO SOUZA; UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE MATO GROSSO DO SUL - CAMPUS DE PARANAIBA; SOUZA, RICARDO SANTOS; UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE MATO GROSSO DO SUL - CAMPUS DE PARANAIBA; FREITAS, HENRIQUE SOUZA; UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE MATO GROSSO DO SUL - CAMPUS DE PARANAIBA; SCHILDT JUNIOR, HUDSON JOFFER BENITES; UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE MATO GROSSO DO SUL - CAMPUS DE PARANAÍBA; Freitas, Wesley Ricardo Souza

    2013-01-01

    RESUMO Este artigo visa descrever o processo de planejamento e o mix de marketing utilizado por três pequenas empresas varejistas do Mato Grosso do Sul. Adotou-se uma abordagem qualitativa, por meio da estratégia de estudo de caso. Foram feitas entrevistas com os proprietários das empresas, complementando as evidências com a observação da rotina organizacional. Pode-se concluir que, no caso das duas empresas menores - o mercado e a loja de autopeças - ocorre uma maior deficiência no compost...

  18. Entomologic perception by teachers and students in the municipality of Santa Cruz do Xingu, Mato Grosso, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Emanuel Maia; Fernando Hiroshi Aburaya; Milton de Sousa Costa; Anna Frida Hatsue Modro

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this work was to identify and interpret the entomologic perception of students and teachers living in the Santa Cruz do Xingu, Médio Araguaia region. Semistructured interviews were carried out in December 2006 with students and teachers of the basic and intermediate levels, as well as in Youth and Adult Education, in the municipality of Santa Cruz do Xingu, Mato Grosso. Of the living beings perceived as “insects” by all the interviewees, 82.75% belonged to the Insecta Class, ...

  19. Plantas medicinais usadas para tratamentos dermatológicos, em comunidades da Bacia do Alto Paraguai, Mato Grosso

    OpenAIRE

    Macedo,M.; Ferreira,A.R.

    2004-01-01

    O uso de plantas medicinais no Brasil e em especial no Estado de Mato Grosso vem sendo registrado em suas comunidades rurais e tradicionais. Este trabalho visa identificar plantas com potencial dermatológico utilizada pelas comunidades: quilombolas, ribeirinhas, rurais e tradicionais dos municípios de Barão de Melgaço, Nossa Senhora do Livramento, Poconé e Santo Antônio de Leverger. Fez-se a coleta de material botânico fértil e levantamento sobre o uso desses vegetais com a população local. E...

  20. A new species of Astyanax (Characiformes: Characidae) from Dolina Água Milagrosa, Rio Paraguai basin, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Graça, W J; Oliveira, C A M; Lima, F C T; da Silva, H P; Fernandes, I M

    2017-10-01

    A new species of Astyanax is described from the upper Rio Paraguai basin, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. The new species can be distinguished from congeners by having the body intensely yellowish in life (v. silvery, reddish or lightly yellow) and by morphometric and meristics traits. Astyanax dolinae n. sp. cannot be assigned to any of the Astyanax species complex currently recognized for the genus. It is only known from the Dolina Água Milagrosa, a karstic sinkhole lake, entirely fed by groundwater, surrounded by Cerrado, the savannah-like vegetation of central South America. © 2017 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.

  1. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by Ribeirinhos in the North Araguaia microregion, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, Reginaldo Vicente; Bieski, Isanete Geraldini Costa; Balogun, Sikiru Olaitan; Martins, Domingos Tabajara de Oliveira

    2017-06-09

    Currently, in many traditional communities, such as the riverine community in the North Araguaia microregion (Mato Grosso, Brazil), plant knowledge and use represent the main, if not the only, therapeutic resource for the maintenance of health and/or treatment of diseases. This study aimed to identify and document species of medicinal plants used by local experts from riverine communities in the North Araguaia microregion in Mato Grosso State, and to further chemical and pharmacological studies on species selected based on searches in the relevant literature. This is a cross-sectional ethnobotanical study, with non-probabilistic sampling (n =60), that applied the snowball method to select local riverine experts who understand medicinal plant use. Socio-demographic, ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological data (vernacular name, uses, geographical origin, habit, method of preparation and part used) on medicinal plants were collected during semi-structured interviews. The results were analyzed by descriptive and quantitative means: indices of use-report (UR) were used to select plant species with therapeutic potential. In total, 309 plant species belonging to 86 botanical families were cited; 73% were native to Brazil, and Fabaceae was the most representative family (11.3%). Arboreal was the predominant life form (37.2%). The leaf was the most used part (28.9%). Infusion was the most commonly reported method of preparation (31.3%). The plants reported in the survey were indicated for 18 of the 22 ICD-10 disease categories. The disease categories most commonly cited were the infectious and parasitic diseases (IPD, 718 UR), digestive system diseases (DSD, 565 UR) and respiratory system diseases (RSD, 504 UR), representing 16.6%, 13.1% and 11.7%, respectively of the total UR. Dysphania ambrosioides L. was the most sighted in the IPD category 50 UR. Copaifera langsdorffii Desf. (133), Lafoensia pacari A. St.-Hil. (131), and Cecropia pachystachya Trécul (126) were the

  2. Prey selection by two benthic fish species in a Mato Grosso stream, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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    Carla Ferreira Rezende

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Key to understand predator choice is the relationship between predator and prey abundance. There are few studies related to prey selection and availability. Such an approach is still current, because the ability to predict aspects of the diet in response to changes in prey availability is one of the major problems of trophic ecology. The general objective of this study was to evaluate prey selection by two species (Characidium cf. vidali and Pimelodella lateristriga of the Mato Grosso stream, in Saquarema, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Benthos and fishes were collected in June, July and September of 2006 and January and February of 2007. Fish were collected with electric fishing techniques and benthos with a surber net. Densities of benthic organisms were expressed as the number of individuals per/m2. After sampling, the invertebrates were fixed in 90% ethanol, and, in the laboratory, were identified to the lowest taxonomical level. Approximately, seventy individuals from each species were selected randomly in each month. Fishes were fixed in 10% formalin in the field and transferred to 70o GL ethanol in the laboratory. Fishes had their stomachs removed for subsequent analysis. Fish diet was described according to the numeric frequency method. The Manly Electivity I ndex was applied in order to verify prey selection. The most abundant families in both benthos and diet of both fish species were the same, indicating that these species consume mainly most abundant prey in the environment. We concluded that prey selection occurs even for preys that had small abundance in the environment . However, it is the availability of the macroinvertebrate resources that determines the major composition of items in diet of fish, demonstrating that the abundance is the factor that most influences the choice of prey. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (4: 1697-1706. Epub 2011 December 01.Existen muy pocos estudios relacionados con la selección y disponibilidad de las presas por

  3. Listagem da entomofauna antófila do estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Maria Rosângela Sigrist

    Full Text Available RESUMO Apresentamos listagem da entomofauna visitante de flores do estado de Mato Grosso do Sul (MS com base na compilação de informações obtidas em 17 estudos, a maioria realizado em áreas de Cerrado (n = 11 e menos frequentemente no Pantanal (n = 6. Foram registrados 10 grupos de insetos, pertencentes a seis ordens, 80 famílias e 411 espécies. Maior riqueza foi amostrada para o Cerrado (307 spp. que Pantanal (147 spp., com somente 43 espécies (10,4% em comum entre estes biomas. Anthophila foi o grupo mais rico (155 spp., seguido por besouros (82, borboletas/mariposas (53 e vespas (45, que junto totalizaram 81,5% das espécies. Maior riqueza de abelhas está relacionada ao fato da maioria dos trabalhos enfocarem este grupo, além da especialização deste grupo na utilização de recursos florais. Surpreendente foi o segundo lugar ocupado por besouros em relação a outros visitantes mais “ativos” e “habituais”, como lepidópteros e moscas. Em MS os acervos e grupos de pesquisa com entomofauna antófila são restritos e/ou incipientes, sendo necessário fortalecimento dos mesmos através de parcerias, intercâmbios e formação de recursos humanos na área.

  4. Scrapie e seu diagnóstico diferencial em ovinos no Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Héllen M. Martins

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Scrapie é uma doença infecciosa, neurodegenerativa fatal, causada pelo príon scrapie (PrPsc. Apresenta-se tanto na forma clássica em ovinos e caprinos geneticamente susceptíveis quanto na forma atípica em ovinos. A primeira notificação oficial do Brasil à Organização Mundial de Saúde Animal (OIE, um caso da forma clássica diagnosticado no Rio Grande do Sul ocorreu em 1985, mas a doença já havia sido diagnosticada no mesmo Estado em 1978. Este trabalho objetivou descrever dois surtos de Scrapie em ovinos em Mato Grosso do Sul (MS, Brasil e investigar, por meio de imuno-histoquímica (IHQ a presença de PrPsc no Sistema Nervoso Central (SNC de ovinos examinados entre 2003 e 2010. Na primeira parte observaram-se dois ovinos com sinais clínicos típicos de scrapie, detalhando-se os sinais neurológicos, dados epidemiológicos, histopatológicos e amostras teciduais em duplicata desses ovinos foram encaminhadas para realização de diagnóstico de Raiva e para diagnóstico IHQ para príon. Na segunda parte realizou-se levantamento de laudos de necropsia e diagnósticos histopatológicos de ovinos, no período de maio de 2003 a março de 2010. Amostras de sistema nervoso central de 51 casos foram selecionados, incluindo os dois já com diagnóstico de Scrapie mencionados acima; os tecido de todos esses ovinos foram submetidos à IHQ para detecção de proteína priônica. Os 49 ovinos avaliados apresentaram resultado negativo na IHQ para príon.

  5. Surveillance of pediatric infections in a teaching hospital in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    M.R. Chang

    Full Text Available Nosocomial infections (NI result in considerably high mortality and morbidity rates, especially among pediatric patients. Considering current worldwide changes, information about the occurrence of pathogens and susceptibility tests are now seen as decisive for optimizing treatment. The purpose of this research was to determine the frequency of microorganisms, antimicrobial and genetic profiles, and risk factors associated with nosocomial infections in a teaching hospital in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul. From January 1998 to December 1999, 108 patients were characterized as having nosocomial infection, from which 137 pathogens were isolated. Identification and antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by conventional and automated techniques. Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae strains were characterized by Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE. Pathogens were most often isolated from infants one-month old or younger, and bloodstream infections were the most frequent. The main isolated agents isolated were: coagulase-negative staphylococci (38, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (19, S. aureus (26, K. pneumoniae (18, and Candida spp. (13. The risk conditions that were most closely related to NI acquisition were: prolonged hospital stays (69.4%, prematurity (60.9% and exposure to high-risk device procedures (95.4%. Ciprofloxacin and imipenem were the most effective drugs, inhibiting all or almost all of the Enterobacteriaceae, P. aeruginosa and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus isolates. Only 23% of the S. aureus samples were resistant to oxacillin. Genomic typing revealed 10 distinct patterns for S. aureus and 13 for K. pneumoniae, suggesting that most them did not belong to the same clone. PFGE was effective in differentiating the strains.

  6. Surveillance of pediatric infections in a teaching hospital in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Chang M.R.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Nosocomial infections (NI result in considerably high mortality and morbidity rates, especially among pediatric patients. Considering current worldwide changes, information about the occurrence of pathogens and susceptibility tests are now seen as decisive for optimizing treatment. The purpose of this research was to determine the frequency of microorganisms, antimicrobial and genetic profiles, and risk factors associated with nosocomial infections in a teaching hospital in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul. From January 1998 to December 1999, 108 patients were characterized as having nosocomial infection, from which 137 pathogens were isolated. Identification and antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by conventional and automated techniques. Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae strains were characterized by Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE. Pathogens were most often isolated from infants one-month old or younger, and bloodstream infections were the most frequent. The main isolated agents isolated were: coagulase-negative staphylococci (38, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (19, S. aureus (26, K. pneumoniae (18, and Candida spp. (13. The risk conditions that were most closely related to NI acquisition were: prolonged hospital stays (69.4%, prematurity (60.9% and exposure to high-risk device procedures (95.4%. Ciprofloxacin and imipenem were the most effective drugs, inhibiting all or almost all of the Enterobacteriaceae, P. aeruginosa and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus isolates. Only 23% of the S. aureus samples were resistant to oxacillin. Genomic typing revealed 10 distinct patterns for S. aureus and 13 for K. pneumoniae, suggesting that most them did not belong to the same clone. PFGE was effective in differentiating the strains.

  7. SAINT LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS IN MATO GROSSO, CENTRAL-WESTERN BRAZIL

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    Letícia Borges da Silva HEINEN

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The dengue virus (DENV, which is frequently involved in large epidemics, and the yellow fever virus (YFV, which is responsible for sporadic sylvatic outbreaks, are considered the most important flaviviruses circulating in Brazil. Because of that, laboratorial diagnosis of acute undifferentiated febrile illness during epidemic periods is frequently directed towards these viruses, which may eventually hinder the detection of other circulating flaviviruses, including the Saint Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV, which is widely dispersed across the Americas. The aim of this study was to conduct a molecular investigation of 11 flaviviruses using 604 serum samples obtained from patients during a large dengue fever outbreak in the state of Mato Grosso (MT between 2011 and 2012. Simultaneously, 3,433 female Culex spp. collected with Nasci aspirators in the city of Cuiabá, MT, in 2013, and allocated to 409 pools containing 1-10 mosquitoes, were also tested by multiplex semi-nested reverse transcription PCR for the same flaviviruses. SLEV was detected in three patients co-infected with DENV-4 from the cities of Cuiabá and Várzea Grande. One of them was a triple co-infection with DENV-1. None of them mentioned recent travel or access to sylvatic/rural regions, indicating that transmission might have occurred within the metropolitan area. Regarding mosquito samples, one pool containing one Culex quinquefasciatus female was positive for SLEV, with a minimum infection rate (MIR of 0.29 per 1000 specimens of this species. Phylogenetic analysis indicates both human and mosquito SLEV cluster, with isolates from genotype V-A obtained from animals in the Amazon region, in the state of Pará. This is the first report of SLEV molecular identification in MT.

  8. Temporal dynamics of soil CO2 efflux in the Northern Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto-Jr, O. B.; Brandão, A. A.; Lathuilliere, M. J.; Dalmagro, H. J.; Arruda, P. H.; Couto, E. G.; Johnson, M. S.

    2013-12-01

    To answer questions about the role of different ecosystems, especially wetlands, the carbon cycle, it is necessary to monitor the vertical fluxes of CO2, soil respiration, and all other parameters that can be correlated with them, so to quantify them and relate them. In this context we measured the soil CO2 efflux of a tree island (locally known as a cordilheira) in the Northern Pantanal, near Poconé, Mato Grosso and verified the influence of environmental parameters on the measurements. We also modeled values of Q10 (parameter used to characterize the dependence of the efflux of CO2 from the soil with the soil temperature) as a function of soil temperature and ground CO2 efflux a); as a comparison to our CO2 efflux measurements. The average soil CO2 efflux was 3.98×1.69 μmolm-2s-1. Soil temperature and O2 content significantly influenced CO2 efflux during inundation periods, high water and ebb, while soil moisture and soil CO2 concentration significantly influenced the CO2 efflux during periods of ebb and drought. The matric potential at 10 cm depth significantly influenced the CO2 efflux throughout the measurement period. The average value of the Q10 was 2.16, and did not differ statistically from the modeled Q10. The average value of the soil CO2 efflux estimated was 4.07×0.84 μmolm-2s-1, and was statistically similar to the average value measured.

  9. Geoquímica de solos do pantanal norte, Mato Grosso

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    Elaine de Arruda Oliveira Coringa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A caracterização e análise geoquímica de solos permitem compreender os processos de migração, dispersão e concentração de elementos químicos no perfil, embasando a correlação dos atributos deles com as classes de solos formadas, o que possibilita inferências acerca das gêneses desses solos. Esta pesquisa teve por objetivos caracterizar e interpretar a composição geoquímica total de elementos maiores e menores em classes de solos representativas do Pantanal norte, na sub-região de Barão de Melgaço, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Foram selecionados 20 perfis das principais classes de solos do Pantanal e analisadas amostras dos horizontes A e B (ou C quanto à concentração de óxidos totais por espectrometria de fluorescência de raios-X, além das caracterizações física, química e mineralógica. Os solos subdividiram-se em dois tipos geoquímicos: um composto por textura arenosa a franco-arenosa com teores relativamente elevados de SiO2 e predominância de caulinita e quartzo, com menor teor de bases e elementos-traço; e outro composto por textura mais argilosa, geoquimicamente heterogêneos e com teores significativos de minerais 2:1, Al2O3, óxidos de Fe e Mn, bases e elementos-traço.

  10. Surtos por Stomoxys calcitrans em gado de corte no Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Antonio Thadeu M Barros

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available A expansão da indústria sucroalcooleira tem levado à instalação de usinas de álcool em áreas tradicionalmente ocupadas pela pecuária de corte na região Centro-Oeste do País. Surtos pela mosca-dos-estábulos (Stomoxys calcitrans em bovinos Nelore têm sido relatados nos últimos dois anos em Mato Grosso do Sul, associados a estas usinas. Visitas em propriedades pecuárias e usinas foram realizadas em meados de novembro 2009, ao final de surtos por S. calcitrans ocorridos nos municípios de Angélica e Ponta Porã, MS. Entrevistas, observações e coletas de imaturos de dípteros foram realizadas nos locais e o material entomológico coletado foi levado ao laboratório para posterior emergência. Elevadas infestações pela mosca-dos-estábulos e comportamento de agrupamento dos bovinos foram observados. Sítios de reprodução foram encontrados nos locais e a emergência de S. calcitrans foi constatada nas amostras coletadas tanto nas fazendas como nas usinas. O conjunto de informações, observações in loco e resultados das amostragens possibilitaram realizar uma abordagem epidemiológica preliminar sobre a dinâmica dos referidos surtos por S. calcitrans e discutir potenciais fatores de risco.

  11. Suicídios de jovens Guarani/Kaiowá de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Sonia Grubits

    Full Text Available O Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul possui a segunda maior nação indígena do Brasil, com 66.963 índios, de acordo com os últimos dados da Fundação Nacional de Saúde - FUNASA (2008, dos quais 40.245 são Guarani/Kaiowá. Ainda segundo a FUNASA, ocorreram 410 suicídios nessa nação de 2000 a agosto de 2008. As tentativas de suicídio não consumadas, porém, não foram registradas. A maioria dos suicidas são homens, 65% na faixa etária de 15 a 29 anos, e o método mais frequente é o enforcamento. Neste trabalho, apresentamos conclusões de estudos referentes às causas do problema, destacando-se a concepção de feitiço, com implicações nos conceitos de instinto de vida e de morte, inconsciente coletivo e sugestão; também o processo de confinamento compulsório ao qual o grupo vem sendo submetido, com superpopulação das aldeias, imposição de crenças, valores e lideranças estranhos a sua cultura são citados como fatores causais. Sugerimos, além da revisão urgente da política governamental em relação às terras indígenas, uma retomada da identidade étnica como forma de afirmação e a reorganização do grupo Guarani/Kaiowá.

  12. O ESPAÇO GEOGRÁFICO DAS FECULARIAS NO MATO GROSSO DO SUL

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    Ucleber Gomes Costa

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} O presente trabalho analisa as características do espaço geográfico produzido pela e para atividade produtiva da mandioca – composta pelo cultivo, industrialização e comercialização da mesma – na porção Sudeste e extremo-Sul do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. Sobre o cultivo, procurou-se compreender as relações de trabalho estabelecidas entre agricultores, arrancadores e contratantes. A industrialização delimita o funcionamento das fecularias localizadas nos Municípios de Ivinhema, Naviraí, Deodápolis, Glória de Dourados, Novo Horizonte do Sul, Mundo Novo, Sete Quedas, Itaquiraí, Tacuru, Coronel Sapucaia, Cassilândia e Anaurilândia. Realizamos o levantamento de dados de campo para nos aproximarmos do objeto de pesquisa e conseguirmos delimitar nosso objeto de investigação. Aplicamos questionários em seis fecularias, trinta agricultores, entrevistamos um técnico do Agraer, um funcionário do Banco do Brasil, dez trabalhadores que atuam no arranque da mandioca e um organizador de turma. Analisamos o trabalho na fábrica, onde estivemos numa condição de observador participante, visto que as situações estavam depositadas em nossa memória. A

  13. Dermatoses entre os Xavánte da área indígena Pimentel Barbosa, Mato Grosso (Brasil Dermatosis among the Xavánte from the Pimentel Barbosa Indian Reservation, Mato Grosso, (Brazil

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    Rosicler R. Alvarez

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available Os autores descrevem o resultado de inquérito dermatológico realizado entre os Xavánte da Área Indígena Pimentel Barbosa, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Os resultados indicam a ocorrência de doenças relacionadas à higiene inadequada, como a escabiose, pediculose e piodermite. O encontro de perlèche sugere deficiência nutricional O pênfigo foliáceo endêmico (fogo selvagem foi a afecção dermatológica de maior gravidade presente nesta população.The authors present the results of a dermatological survey conducted among the Xavánte Indians from the Pimentel Barbosa Reservation, state of Mato Grosso, Brazil Scabies, pediculosis, and pioderma were the most frequent diseases, clearly related to poor hygiene. The finding of perlèche indicates the presence of nutritional deficiency. Endemic pemphigus foliaceus (fogo selvagem was the most serious dermatological affection found in this population.

  14. Helmintos parasitos do pirarucu, Arapaima gigas (Schinz, 1822 (Osteoglossiformes: Arapaimidae, no rio Araguaia, estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil Helminth parasites of pirarucu, Arapaima gigas (Schinz, 1822 (Osteoglossiformes: Arapaimidae from Araguaia River, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Sonia M. C. dos Santos

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Foram examinados 65 exemplares de pirarucu em agosto de 2004, provenientes do rio Araguaia, Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil para o estudo dos seus helmintos parasitos. Cinco espécies foram registradas parasitando Arapaima gigas: Dawestrema cycloancistrium (Monogenea nas brânquias, Nilonema senticosum e Goezia spinulosa (Nematoda na vesícula gasosa e no estômago respectivamente; Caballerotrema brasiliense (Digenea e Polyacanthorhynchus rhopalorhynchus (Acanthocephala no intestino. Os valores mais altos de prevalência foram observados para D. cycloancistrium (100% and P. rhopalorhynchus (96,9%. Os maiores valores de intensidade e abundância média foram calculados para C. brasiliense e N. senticosum (61 e 46,9, respectivamente. Todas estas espécies são registradas pela primeira vez na Bacia do Rio Araguaia.Sixty-five specimens of pirarucu collected in August 2004 from Araguaia River, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil, were examined to study their helminth parasites. Five species were recorded parasitic Arapaima gigas: Dawestrema cycloancistrium (Monogenea in gills, Nilonema senticosum and Goezia spinulosa (Nematoda in the swimbladder and stomach, respectively; Caballerotrema brasiliense (Digenea and Polyacanthorhynchus rhopalorhynchus (Acanthocephala in the intestine. Highest prevalence values were detected for D. cycloancistrium (100% and P. rhopalorhynchus (96.9%. Highest values of mean intensity and mean abundance were detected for C. brasiliense and N. senticosum (61 and 46.9, respectively. All these species are recorded by the first time in the Araguaia River basin.

  15. Adições à flora de briófitas de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Additions to the flora of bryophytes from Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil

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    Olga Yano

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Nesse levantamento foram encontrados 133 táxons no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, sendo um pertencente à divisão Anthocerotophyta em um gênero e uma família, 83 pertencentes à divisão Bryophyta, distribuídos em 54 gêneros e 27 famílias, e 49 à divisão Hepatophyta, distribuídos em 27 gêneros e 13 famílias. Destes, 100 (1 antócero, 59 musgos e 40 hepáticas são novas citações para o Estado.In this taxonomic survey 133 taxa were found in Mato Grosso do Sul State, one belonging to Anthocerotophyta, distributed into one genus and one family, 83 belonging to Bryophyta, distributed into 54 genera and 27 families, and 49 belonging to Hepatophyta, distributed into 27 genera and 13 families. Of these, 100 (one hornworts, 59 mosses and 40 hepatics are new records for the State.

  16. Nó-de-cachorro (Heteropterys tomentosa A. Juss.: espécie de uso medicinal em Mato Grosso, Brasil "Nó-de-cachorro" (Heteropterys tomentosa A. Juss.: a medicinal plant from Mato Grosso State, Brazil

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    M.F.B. Coelho

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo é apresentada uma revisão sobre nó-de-cachorro (Heteropterys tomentosa A. Juss., espécie de uso medicinal em Mato Grosso. São abordadas as características da espécie com a descrição da planta, hábitat, distribuição geográfica, ecologia, fenologia e biologia reprodutiva, propriedades químicas e farmacológicas. Os aspectos como a etnobotânica (uso e partes usadas, formas de exploração atual e informações sobre cultivo são discutidos.This study presents a review about "Nó-de-cachorro" (Heteropterys tomentosa A. Juss., a medicinal species from Mato Grosso State, Brazil. We outlined the characteristics of the species including the plant description, habitat, geographic distribution, ecology, phenology and reproductive biology, chemical and pharmacological properties. Aspects such as ethnobotany (use and used parts, current ways of exploiting and information on cultivation are discussed.

  17. Soybean development: the impact of a decade of agricultural change on urban and economic growth in Mato Grosso, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Peter; Pellegrina, Heitor; VanWey, Leah; Spera, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    In this research we consider the impact of export-driven, soybean agriculture in Mato Grosso on regional economic growth. Here we argue that the soybean sector has served as a motor to the state's economy by increasing the demand for services, housing, and goods, and by providing a source of investment capital to the non-agricultural sector. Specifically, we show that each square kilometer of soybean production supports 2.5 formal sector jobs outside of agriculture, and the equivalent of approximately 150,000US in annual, non-agricultural GDP. We also show that annual gains in non-agricultural employment and GDP are closely tied to soybean profitability, and thus vary from year to year. However, while this article highlights the potential of the agricultural sector as a driver of regional economic growth, it also acknowledges that this growth has been sustained by profits determined by externally set prices and the rate of exchange, and that future growth trajectories will be susceptible to potential currency of market shocks. We also show that while Mato Grosso's economic growth has come at a significant cost to the environment, value added by the agriculture sector, directly and indirectly, has surpassed the value of the CO2-e emitted through land clearings.

  18. Impact of land-use change in the net radiation of the Cerrado of the southern Mato Grosso

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    Marcos Alves Fausto

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Changes resulting from land use and occupation modify the surface radioactive balance. This paper evaluated the impact on the net radiation caused by the conversion of a Cerrado area in an agricultural zone in the southern Mato Grosso using Landsat 5 TM sensor imagery acquired between June and October 2011. The analyses were performed of the following land use classes: Cerrado, riparian vegetation, sugarcane, soybean, pasture, bare soil and water. The replacement of Cerrado by agricultural areas changed the biophysical indices of the surface due to the change in biomass and the optical properties of the surface as observed in this study. The NDVI values were higher in the typical Cerrado vegetation and Riparian Forest than in agricultural areas. The surface temperature and the surface albedo showed an inverse pattern of NDVI, with lower values in the typical Cerrado vegetation and Riparian Forest and higher values in agricultural areas and bare soil. The replacement of Cerrado by cultivated crops in the south of Mato Grosso decreased the available energy at the surface, as indicated by the radiation balance.

  19. Agronomic performance of transgenic and isogenic corn hybrids in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul1

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    Wesley Souza Prado

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Theoretically, isogenic hybrids should not present any differences in their genetic makeup due to recombinant DNA technology. However, these materials may behave differently in relation to adaptability and stability. This study aimed at evaluating the agronomic performance of transgenic corn and their isogenic hybrids in two locations in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Three isogenic simple hybrids and two transgenic varieties of each hybrid were evaluated. The first and second corn crop of 2013/14 were simultaneously analyzed in Dourados and Caarapó, two locations in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, totaling four environments x season conditions that were evaluated.. A randomized complete block design with three replicates per location was used, and the treatments were arranged in a 3 × 3 factorial design (three genetically modified and three conventional hybrids, with three replicates per site. Characteristics such as plant height, ear height, male flowers, female flowers, and grain yield were evaluated. The parameters adaptability and stability were estimated using the Eberhart and Russell model. In all environments, transgenic hybrids showed higher average grain yield. Considering the environments, AG 7000, a conventional isogenic hybrid, obtained the highest average grain yield. The most stable and productive hybrids were DKB 390 VT PRO and AG 7000 YG, both transgenic. All assessed hybrids exhibited greater average plant height, ear height, and grain yield in Caarapó during the second corn crop, demonstrating that the environment at that site and time was more favorable.

  20. Estudo Locacional da Cotonicultura de Mato Grosso com Base na Arrecadação de ICMS de 2008

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    Dilamar Dallemole

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The economic activities related to cotton production chain are not evenly distributed within the territory of Mato Grosso, to be of fundamental importance to identify the location of the regions and the influence of the production cluster. The relevance of economic activity in each region and cluster development allows government managers have a better definition of public policy instruments to promote regional development. To this end, the collection of ICMS is a database that shows the financial results of the productive activities of the various economic sectors in each of the municipalities of Mato Grosso, it is the result of a percentage applied to income companies. The methodology adopted in the calculation of Normalized Concentration Index (ICN in the municipalities based on data collection in 2008 of ICMS. The study reveals that the collection has proven to be reliable and no significant distortions in the results, given an acceptable rate for the analysis of market behavior. The ICMS is the main instrument of fiscal incentive programs, plays an important role in this process of regional growth and development, contributing as more a force of attraction of clusters, that exemption, partial or total, is reflected in an increase competitiveness of the cotton production chain.

  1. DINÂMICAS PRODUTIVAS DA ECONOMIA DE EXPORTAÇÃO NO MATO GROSSO DO SUL - BRASIL

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    Lisandra Pereira Lamoso

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Las dinámicas productivas de la economía de exportación son las manifestaciones internas de la economía internacional. Los flujos comerciales materializan las exigencias del comercio internacional en el territorio. La dinámica productiva de la economía de exportación que participa en Mato Grosso do Sul se forma por el productor de la red de productos de soja, carne vacuna, mineral de hierro y productos avícolas. Esta producción está apoyada por el impulso dado por el Estado para la internacionalización de las empresas de capital privado y por los objetivos de la política industrial. Este texto analiza el comercio exterior como parte de la política industrial del segundo Gobierno de Lula y el impacto de la política sobre el uso de las ventajas comparativas para la obtención de un superávit comercial en Mato Grosso do Sul.

  2. Prevalent Diagnosis of Orofacial Fissures in a Reference Service with Resident Cases in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Gardenal, Mirela

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The orofacial fissures are among the most frequent congenital malformations and show a clinical diversity, causing a series of severe complications permanently observed in the individual through his/her lifetime. Objective: To estimate the prevalent types of congenital orofacial fissures diagnosed in a reference service with resident cases in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul from January 2003 to December 2007. Method: An observation study of transverse incision was performed, whose data was obtained from the records at Rehabilitation Hospital of Craniofacial Anomalies (HRAC/USP/SP. To calculate the prevalence, live-born data (SINASC was used. Results: In brief, there were 271 diagnosed cases in the reference service, with the unilateral incisive trans-foramen fissures prevailing for the left side, which mostly attacked the male gender and white ethnicity. The mother's average age was 25 and her school education was from 9 to 11 years, with a history of pregnancy complications and without prior fissures. At SINASC, 98 cases of fissure were noticed for the same period, corresponding to a prevalence of 0.49 per 1,000 births. Conclusion: In the present study, it was possible to estimate the prevalence of fissure by the data from both the Hospital and SINASC, but future studies regarding the orofacial fissures epidemiology in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and the Midwestern Region, using uniform terminology for classification purposes, are necessary to compare and follow up with the seasonal evolution of prevalence.

  3. Beneficiamento de Sementes de Soja no Mato Grosso: Análise de Viabilidade Financeira e de Riscos Associados

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    Joelsio José Lazzarotto

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available A utilização de sementes de alta qualidade é fundamental para que os sistemas de produção de soja apresentem adequados resultados técnicos e econômicos. No entanto, para que esses insumos sejam ofertados com alta qualidade, em geral, são necessários expressivos investimentos. Assim, buscou-se verificar se a implantação de uma unidade de beneficiamento de sementes (UBS de soja no Estado do Mato Grosso constitui, no longo prazo, alternativa financeiramente viável. Para tanto, com base em um horizonte de planejamento de 10 anos de operação da UBS, com capacidade instalada anual de 500 mil sacas de sementes, foram elaborados os fluxos de caixa e calculados, sob condições determinísticas e de riscos, alguns indicadores financeiros, como o valor presente líquido e a taxa interna de retorno. Dentre os resultados obtidos, verificou-se que, embora os indicadores apontassem para a maior chance de ocorrência de resultados financeiros positivos, existem grandes riscos do projeto não gerar os resultados esperados. Isso significa que o investimento em uma UBS de soja no Mato Grosso, em nenhuma hipótese, pode ser considerado como desassociado de risco.

  4. The agroecosystems diagnosis of the Mariana Hydrographic Microbasin in the Amazonia Portal Territory, Mato Grosso State, Brazil

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    Delmonte Roboredo

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The opening of new agricultural frontiers in the 70s, as it happened in Alta Floresta, Mato Grosso, was stimulated by the federal government and took place without any concern for the preservation of forests, thus contributing to the generation of strong negative externalities. This work aims to carry out a socioenvironmental diagnosis of the Mariana Hydrographic Microbasin of the municipality of Alta Floresta, in the Mato Grosso State of Brazil. The systemic approach employed for this research included the use of semi-structured interviews and the soil physical analysis.. Results indicate that 78.6% of respondents had bought their properties in the 80/90s. Of that percentage, 84% respondents reported that they had not received any orientation regarding the preservation of riparian forests, and 93% answered that while they did had an interest in recovering degraded areas, they lacked the necessary financial resources to implement such a recovery. The study also points out the social and environmental degradation of the territory, showing, among other indicators, that 74.5% of the soils of the researched agroecosystems presented macroporosity of less than 10%; a marked lack of social participation, and a strong flow of rural migration that compromises the possibility of social reproduction.

  5. Utilização Do Sensor Airdas (Airborne Infrared Disaster Assessment System) no monitoramento de desflorestamentos no norte do estado do mato grosso - Brasil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geraldo José Lucatelli Dória de Araújo; João Antônio Raposo Pereira; Tânia Maria Vieira da Silva; Helvécio Mafra; James A. Brass; Robert N. Lockwood; Robert G. Higgins; Philip J. Riggan

    2008-01-01

    This study has as objective to assess AIRDAS (Airborne Infrared Disaster Assessment System) sensor for the monitoring of deforestation in the northern area of Mato Grosso State, between the latitudes 10° and 12° south and longitudes 54° and 56° west, within the area known as deforestation arch. The results show that the main advantage of...

  6. Mortalidade de bovinos zebuínos por hipotermia em Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Bethania S. Santos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve por objetivo descrever a ocorrência periódica de mortalidade de bovinos por hipotermia após inversão térmica no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. São relatados 16 surtos encaminhados ao Laboratório de Patologia Animal da FAMEZ/UFMS, ocorridos de agosto de 2000 a julho de 2010, em 13 municípios do Estado. O diagnóstico de hipotermia baseou-se na ocorrência de mortes após queda brusca de temperatura acompanhada de chuvas e ventos, simultaneamente em diversas propriedades, nos sinais clínicos observados e na ausência de lesões macro e microscópicas significativas. Em todos os surtos houve uma queda brusca de temperatura, de até 29ºC, em intervalos de um a quatro dias associada a chuva e vento. Na maioria das vezes a morte dos bovinos ocorreu em locais onde havia escassez de pasto e ausência de abrigos naturais ou artificiais. Os bovinos afetados estavam magros, com baixo escore corporal, e, em grande parte dos casos, eram encontrados mortos nos cantos das invernadas e próximos a cercas no dia seguinte à queda brusca da temperatura. Foram afetados bovinos de diferentes idades. Os sinais clínicos se caracterizavam por cegueira, incoordenação, dismetria, fraqueza, decúbito esternal, movimentos de pedalagem, opistótono, tremores musculares, e dificuldade respiratória e morte. Em 30 bovinos necropsiados os principais achados macroscópicos foram edema subcutâneo, cavitário e pulmonar, e, em alguns casos, histologicamente havia eosinofilia neuronal. A hipotermia é uma importante causa de mortalidade quando bovinos com pobre estado nutricional, pouca disponibilidade e qualidade dos pastos e ausência de abrigos naturais, são submetidos a uma condição de mudança climática com queda brusca de temperatura combinada com ventos fortes e chuvas.

  7. Fatores associados à recidiva em hanseníase em Mato Grosso

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    Silvana Margarida Benevides Ferreira

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar fatores associados à ocorrência de recidiva em hanseníase. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo caso-controle com 159 pacientes maiores de 15 anos diagnosticados com hanseníase em cinco municípios do estado de Mato Grosso, cujas unidades de saúde eram consideradas de referência para o atendimento. O grupo de casos incluiu 53 indivíduos com recidiva de 2005 a 2007 e foi comparado ao grupo controle (106 com alta por cura em 2005, pareados por sexo e classificação operacional. Foram usados dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação, prontuários e entrevistas. Utilizou-se regressão logística condicional e abordagem hierárquica. RESULTADOS: Após análise ajustada, mostraram-se associados à ocorrência de recidiva: indivíduos residentes em casas alugadas (OR = 4,1; IC95%:1,43;12,04, em domicílio de madeira/taipa (OR = 3,2; IC95%: 1,16;8,76, que moravam com mais de cinco pessoas (OR = 2,1; IC95% : 1,03;4,36, com transtorno de uso de álcool (OR = 2,8; IC95%: 1,17;6,79, irregularidade do tratamento (OR = 3,8;IC95%: 1,44;10,02, sem esclarecimento sobre a doença/tratamento (OR = 2,6; IC95%: 1,09;6,13, que usavam transporte coletivo para o acesso à unidade de saúde (OR = 5,5; IC95%: 2,36;12,63, forma clínica da doença (OR = 7,1; IC95%: 2,48;20,52 e esquema terapêutico (OR = 3,7; IC95%: 1,49;9,11. CONCLUSÕES: Os fatores preditivos de recidiva relacionam-se com condições de moradia, hábitos de vida, organização dos serviços de saúde, formas clínicas e esquemas terapêuticos. Cabe aos serviços de saúde oferecer orientações adequadas aos pacientes, bem como garantir a regularidade do tratamento.

  8. First report of coenurosis in sheep in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil Primeiro relato de cenurose em ovinos no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Fernando Arévalo Batista

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the first case of coenurosis in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. This disease is caused by the larval stage of the tapeworm Taenia multiceps (Leske, 1780. The animal in which the disease was diagnosed was an 18-month-old ewe from an endemic area of Southern Brazil as an imported animal among a group of 30 sheep. The clinic-pathological condition was that commonly found in herbivores affected by the disease, especially sheep. Apathy, nystagmus, intermittent blindness, circling and pressing head against obstacles were the neurological signs reported. The necropsy showed that a brain lesion in the subcortex of the right hemisphere was a bladder-like cyst measuring 4 cm in diameter filled with a translucent fluid with a large number of white spherules (protoscolices floating. In addition to the identification of the Coenurus cerebralis protoscolices, the brain tissue lesion was histopathologically described.Este trabalho relata o primeiro caso de cenurose no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Essa doença é causada por estágios larvais de Taenia multiceps (Leske, 1780. O animal no qual foi diagnosticado, tinha cerca de 18 meses de idade, oriundo de uma área endêmica no Sul do Brasil, integrante de um grupo de 30 ovinos importados para o Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. O quadro clínico-patológico apresentado é aquele comumente descrito para herbívoros, infectados com o agente, especialmente ovinos. Os sinais clínicos relatados foram: apatia, nistagmo, cegueira intermitente, andar em círculos e pressão da cabeça contra obstáculos. Na necropsia foi observada uma lesão, no subcórtex do hemisfério cerebral direito, caracterizada por um cisto em forma de vesícula, medindo 4 cm de diâmetro, e seu interior preenchido por líquido translúcido com grande número de pequenas esferas brancas, identificadas como protoscolices. Os protoscolices foram identificados como Coenurus cerebralis, e os tecidos do c

  9. Terrestrial arthropods from tree canopies in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Marinêz Isaac Marques

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Terrestrial arthropods from tree canopies in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. This study represents a contribution to the knowledge of the diversity of arthropods associated to the canopy of Vochysia divergens Pohl (Vochysiaceae. Three trees individuals were sampled during two seasonal periods in this region: a by spraying one tree canopy during high water (February; b by fogging two tree canopies during low water (September/October. The 15,744 arthropods (183.2±38.9 individuals/m² obtained from all three trees (86 m² represented 20 taxonomic orders, 87.1% were Insecta, and 12.9% Arachnida. The dominant groups were Hymenoptera (48.5%; 88.9 individuals/m², mostly Formicidae (44.5%; 81.4 individuals/m², followed by Coleoptera (14.0%; 25.5 individuals/m² and Araneae (10.2%; 19.5 individuals/m², together representing 62.5% of the total catch. Fourteen (70% of all orders occurred on three trees. Dermaptera, Isoptera, Neuroptera, Odonata, Plecoptera and Trichoptera were collected from only one tree. Of the total, 2,197 adult Coleoptera collected (25.5±11.3 individuals/m², 99% were assigned to 32 families and 256 morphospecies. Nitidulidae (17.9% of the total catch; 4.6 individuals/m², Anobiidae (16.7%; 4.3 individuals/m², Curculionidae (13.2%; 3.4 individuals/m² and Meloidae (11.4%; 2.9 individuals/m² dominated. The communitiy of adult Coleoptera on V. divergens indicated a dominance of herbivores (37.8% of the total catch, 127 spp. and predators (35.2%, 82 spp., followed by saprophages (16.2%, 32 spp. and fungivores (10.8%, 15 spp.. The influence of the flood pulse on the community of arboreal arthropods in V. divergens is indicated by the seasonal variation in evaluated groups, causing changes in their structure and composition.Artrópodes terrestres associados a copas de árvores no Pantanal de Mato Grosso, Brasil. Este estudo representa uma contribuição ao conhecimento da diversidade de artrópodes associados à copa de Vochysia

  10. Biologia reprodutiva de Synallaxis albilora (aves: Furnariidae no Pantanal de Poconé, Mato Grosso

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    Tatiana Colombo Rubio

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Synallaxis albilora (joão-do-pantanal é um furnarídeo Neotropical restrito a áreas alagáveis do Pantanal da América do Sul. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar uma descrição detalhada de sua biologia reprodutiva (ninhos, ovos e ninhegos na região do Pirizal, município de Nossa Senhora do Livramento, Pantanal de Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brasil. São também abordados outros aspectos da sua história natural, tais como: tamanho da ninhada; duração dos períodos de incubação e cuidado com os filhotes; ocupação dos ninhos por outras espécies; interações agonísticas e sítio de nidificação. Para o estudo do sítio de nidificação obteve-se fotografias hemisféricas da vegetação onde os ninhos foram construídos e ao norte destes. As fotos foram analisadas para estimar a abertura da vegetação. O uso deste método é considerado inédito em estudos ornitológicos. Foram monitorados 60 ninhos durante os anos de 2001, 2002, 2005 e 2006. O ninho de S. albilora é semelhante a uma retorta, sendo construído com gravetos e forrado com folhas. O seu exterior é constituído de gravetos maiores e espinhos. A construção do ninho é realizada pelo casal. Os ovos possuem formato piriforme, são esbranquiçados e apresentam superfície opaca (média de 20,5 x 16,4 mm, 2,8 g. O tamanho da ninhada foi de 3,35 ± 0,4 ovos (n = 20. Os jovens são semelhantes aos adultos. A incubação é realizada exclusivamente por um indivíduo, sendo estimada em 15,3 ± 0,7 dias, os filhotes permanecem no ninho por 13,6 ± 1,1 dias. A abertura da vegetação nos ninhos (16,4% foi menor do que a cinco metros ao norte destes (20,3% (n = 18; p = 0,036. Estes dados sugerem que a probabilidade de encontrar ninhos de S. albilora está associada à abertura da vegetação. Diversos grupos foram observados utilizando ninhos antigos. Interações agonísticas foram registradas durante a estação reprodutiva. A estação reprodutiva se estende de agosto a

  11. The use of radionuclide DNA probe technology for epidemiological studies of tegumentary leishmaniasis in Mato Grosso state

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    Antero Silva Ribeiro de Andrade

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available DNA hybridisation, using probes labelled with 32P, was used to type Leishmania samples isolated from patients living in endemic areas of Mato Grosso State (Brazil, and clinically diagnosed as having tegumentary leishmaniasis. kDNA cloned mini-circle probes specific for the Leishmania mexicana and Leishmania braziliensis complexes were used. The results showed that L. braziliensis is the predominant group infecting human patients in the state. Sixty-eight samples were typed, 64 samples (94.1% belonging to the L. braziliensis complex and only four (5.9% belonging to the L. mexicana complex. Accurate identification of the Leishmania permits better orientation of the medical follow-up, since clinical manifestations may vary depending on the complex to which the parasite belongs. The epidemiological information furnished by the identification of the Leishmania in given endemic area is also essential for the design of appropriate control measuresHibridização, utilizando sondas de DNA marcadas com 32P, foi utilizada para a tipagem de amostras de Leishmania isoladas de pacientes do estado do Mato Grosso (Brasil, diagnosticados clinicamente como portadores de leishmaniose tegumentar. Sondas de minicírculos clonados de kDNA, específicas para os complexos Leishmania mexicana e Leishmania braziliensis, foram utilizadas. Os resultados demonstraram que o complexo L. brasiliensis é o grupo predominante infectando pacientes humanos no estado do Mato Grosso. Foram tipadas 68 amostras: 64 (94,1% foram identificadas como pertencentes ao complexo L. brasiliensis e somente 4 (5,9% como pertencentes ao complexo L. mexicana. A tipagem de Leishmania é importante para um melhor acompanhamento médico, uma vez que as manifestações clínicas podem variar em função do complexo ao qual o parasita pertence. A informação fornecida pela identificação também é essencial para a definição das medidas de controle mais adequadas e compreensão da epidemiologia da

  12. Estudo etnobotânico em quintais agroflorestais em bairro na Cidade de Cuiabá, Mato Grosso

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    Carla Spiler

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Os quintais são espaços de uso, manejo e conservação de diferentes espécies vegetais contribuindo para a renda familiar e segurança alimentar das famílias. O objetivo no presente estudo foi fazer um levantamento das espécies em quintais do Bairro Jardim Florianópolis em Cuiabá, Mato Grosso. A pesquisa foi conduzida através de entrevistas semiestruturadas, associadas às técnicas de “bola de neve” e turnê-guiada. Foram registradas 58 espécies pertencentes a 52 gêneros e 27 famílias, destacando-se as famílias Arecaceae (7 spp., Araceae (5 spp., Liliaceae (5 spp. Myrtaceae (4 spp. e Rubiaceae (4 spp.. A maior parte das espécies são exóticas (75,86%. As plantas são classificadas pelos moradores em ornamentais, alimentícias e medicinais. O uso ornamental representou 62,5%, o medicinal 21,5%  e o alimentício apenas 16%. As espécies ornamentais de hábito herbáceo são as mais importantes com predominância da família Arecaceae.Ethnobotanical study in agroforestry homegardens in a neighborhood in the City of Cuiabá, Mato GrossoAbstract: Homegardens are spaces for the use, management and conservation of different plant species contributing to family income and household food security. The aim of this study was to survey the species in homegardens of Jardim Florianópolis neighborhood in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso. The research was conducted through semi-structured interviews, associated with snowball and tour-guided techniques. A total of 58 species belonging to 52 genera and 27 families were recorded, including the families Arecaceae (7 spp., Araceae (5 spp., Liliaceae (5 spp. Myrtaceae (4 spp. and Rubiaceae. Most species are exotic (75.86%. The ornamental use represented 62.5%, the medicinal 21.5% and the food only 16%. The ornamental species of herbaceous habit are the most important with predominance of the family Arecaceae.

  13. Análise da arborização urbana de três cidades da região norte do Estado de Mato Grosso Urban forestry analysis in three cities of northern Mato Grosso

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    Danielucia Noya Almeida

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve por objetivo analisar a arborização viária de três cidades da região norte do Estado de Mato Grosso, sendo: Alta Floresta, Carlinda e Nova Monte Verde. Foi levantado um total de 663 indivíduos, distribuídos em 20 famílias botânicas, 30 gêneros e 31 espécies. 51,6% das espécies são exóticas à flora brasileira e 48,4% são nativas. As espécies mais frequentes nas cidades avaliadas foram: Licania tomentosa (45,4%, Ficus benjamina (18,1% e Roystonea oleraceae (13,6%. Nas três cidades, mais de 80% da população obteve diâmetro â altura do solo inferior a 0,4 m e mais de 60% da população estava abaixo de 6,0 m de altura total, em todas as cidades. Os indivíduos plantados sob a fiação elétrica representaram menos de 50% da população amostrada, nas três cidades amostradas, e altura média das árvores, sob a fiação, variou de 3,2 m (Nova Monte Verde a 5,9 m (Alta Floresta. Mais de 85% dos indivíduos apresentaram bifurcação abaixo de 1,80 m. A densidade de árvores/km de calçada estimado nas cidades avaliadas variou entre 47,7 árvores/km (Alta Floresta e 56,0 árvores/km (Carlinda. O índice de diversidade de Shannon estimado foi 1,17 (Carlinda, 1,75 (Nova Monte Verde e 1,76 (Alta Floresta. A largura das vias e recuos permite o plantio de espécies de médio e grande porte. Contudo, é essencial o planejamento da arborização urbana e definição de critérios e técnicas adequadas para a realização de plantios e manutenções.The objective of the present study was to analyze roadside forestry in three cities in the northern region in the State of Mato Grosso. The cities evaluated were Alta Floresta, Carlinda and Nova Monte Verde. We made a survey of 663 individuals, distributed in 20 botanical families, 30 genera and 31 species. Over 51.6% of this species are exotic to the Brazilian flora and 48.4% native. The species most frequent in the evaluated cities had been: Licania tomentosa (45

  14. Análise comparativa do pagamento de insumos da produção da soja no Estado de Mato Grosso = Comparative analysis of payment of soy’s inputs in the production of Mato Grosso State

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    Adriana Kunitake

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available O produtor rural tem buscado maior rentabilidade nos seus negócios, logo, a análise gerencial do custo de produção é um dos fatores fundamentais para seu êxito. A aquisição dos insumos agrícolas tem grande peso no custo de produção da cultura da soja, é necessário que o produtor rural verifique a melhor condição de pagamento de acordo com a sua situação financeira, resultando na garantia de sua rentabilidade. Para colaborar com esta tomada de decisão, o objetivo foi comparar quatro formas de pagamento dos insumos agrícolas da cultura da soja no Estado de Mato Grosso da safra 2014/2015. As modalidades de pagamento foram: operação barter, financiamento bancário (recursos livres e recursos obrigatórios e, o pagamento à vista. Dados foram coletados das médias do Estado do Mato Grosso e foram realizadas consultadas a revendas do Estado para melhor entendimento e informações da operação barter. Analisou-se três diferentes cenários sobre o preço da saca da soja no momento da colheita, cenário 1 – R$ 40,00 sc-1, cenário 2 – R$ 50,00 sc-1 e cenário 3 – R$ 60,00 sc-1. Nos três cenários a operação barter se mostrou economicamente viável com destaque para os dois primeiros, apresentando rentabilidade de R$ 144,99 ha-1 e R$ 383,99 ha-1. Conclui-se que a operação barter, a qual vem despontando no mercado, foi a mais atrativa forma de pagamento para o preço da soja até R$ 50,00 sc-1, em situações de alta de preço (R$ 60,00 sc-1 o pagamento à vista e com recursos obrigatórios foram as melhores opções ao produtor. = Farmers have sought better yield in their business, so the management analysis of the production cost is one of the key factors for their success. The purchase of agricultural inputs has great importance in the cost of production of soybean, so it is necessary that the farmers choose the best conditions of payment according to their financial situation for ensure their income. To contribute

  15. Clinical and epidemiological features of 123 cases of cryptococcosis in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil Características clínicas e epidemiológicas de 123 casos de criptococose observados em Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Andrea De Siqueira Campos Lindenberg

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available To identify the clinical and epidemiological profile of cryptococcosis diagnosed at the University Hospital of the Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, medical records of 123 patients admitted from January 1995 to December 2005 were analyzed. One hundred and four cases (84.5% had HIV infection, six (4.9% had other predisposing conditions and 13 (10.6% were immunocompetent. Male patients predominated (68.3% and their age ranged from 19 to 69 years (mean: 35.9. Most patients (73.2% were born and lived lifelong in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. Involvement of the central nervous system occurred in 103 patients (83.7% and headache and vomiting were the most frequent symptoms. In 77 cases it was possible to identify the Cryptococcus species: 69 (89.6% C. neoformans and eight (10.4% C. gattii. Amphotericin B was the drug of choice for treatment (106/123, followed by fluconazole in 60% of cases. The overall lethality rate was 49.6%, being 51% among the HIV infected patients and 41.2% among the non-HIV infected (p > 0.05. Although cryptococcosis exhibited in our region a similar behavior to that described in the literature, the detection of an important rate of immunocompetent individuals and five C. gattii cryptococcosis in HIV-infected patients is noteworthy.O perfil clínico-epidemiológico de 123 casos de criptococose diagnosticados no Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, no período de janeiro de 1995 até dezembro de 2005, foi estudado retrospectivamente. Cento e quatro (84,9% casos tinham associação com HIV, seis (4,9% tinham outra condição predisponente e 13 (10,6% eram imunocompetentes. Houve predomínio do sexo masculino (68,3% e a idade variou de 19 a 69 anos (média de 35,9 anos. A maioria (73,2% era natural e procedente de Mato Grosso do Sul. O envolvimento do sistema nervoso central ocorreu em 103 (83,7% pacientes e os sintomas mais freqüentes foram cefaléia e vômitos. Em 77 casos foi

  16. Paracoccidioidomicose: estudo clínico e epidemiológico de 422 casos observados no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul Paracoccidioidomycosis: a clinical and epidemiological study of 422 cases observed in Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Anamaria Mello Miranda Paniago

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available São descritas as características clínicas e epidemiológicas de 422 casos de paracoccidioidomicose atendidos no Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul (Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil no período de Janeiro de 1980 a Agosto de 1999. A média de idade foi de 43,4 anos e a proporção homem: mulher foi de 10:1. Quase metade (45,5% dos doentes era trabalhadora rural no momento do diagnóstico. A forma aguda/subaguda (tipo juvenil(15,4% dos casos revelou-se com importante comprometimento do sistema fagocítico-monocitário, manifestado principalmente por adenomegalia (95,4%; hepatomegalia (40%; esplenomegalia (23,1%. A forma crônica (tipo adulto(84,6% dos casos apresentou-se com maiores proporções de lesões em orofaringe (66,4%; rouquidão (31,4% e tosse (50,7%. Para o diagnóstico, foram utilizados o exame micológico direto em 365 pacientes e o histopatológico em 302, com positividade de 50,7% e 97,3%, respectivamente. O tratamento antifúngico preferencial foi a associação de sulfametoxazol e trimetoprim (co-trimoxazol, utilizado em 90,3% dos doentes. Seqüelas foram observadas em 30,3% e óbito em 7,6% dos casos.Clinical and epidemiological features of 422 cases of paracoccidioidomycosis attended at University Hospital of Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil from January 1980 to August 1999, were analysed. The mean age was 43.4 years old and the male: female ratio was 10:1. Nearly half (45.5% of the patients were agricultural workers at the moment of diagnosis. In the acute/subacute form (juvenile type the phagocytic-monocytic system was very much impaired and mainly marked by lymphadenopathy (95.4%, hepatomegaly (40%, splenomegaly (23.1%. The chronic form (adult type presents more lesions in oropharynx (66.4%, dysphonia (31.4% and cough (50.7%. Mycological diagnosis was obtained by direct microscopy of wet mounts in 185/365 (50.7% patients and by

  17. AVALIAÇÃO DOS IMPACTOS DAS OBRAS DE MOBILIDADE URBANA PARA A COPA DO MUNDO FIFA 2014 EM CUIABÁ: O Caso do Viaduto da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso

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    Andrea Regina Kaneko Kobayashi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The increase of vehicle fleet in recent years has been compromising the organization and flow of traffic in Brazilian cities. Factors such as government incentives to car ownership and the inefficiency of public transport have led people to opt for individual motorized transport, which has caused problems such as congestion, accidents and other traffic conflicts. In order to mitigate such problems, various infrastructure facilities were carried out, mostly prioritizing traditional urban mobility, which seeks to increase traffic speed. However, the sustainable urban mobility has as principles: speed reduction, promotion of reasonable travel times and accessibility to all users. The purpose of this article is to check the impact of urban mobility facilities regarding the 2014 World Cup preparation, which was held in the Metropolitan Region of Cuiabá /MT. The article focuses on sustainable urban mobility from the case study of the viaduct of the Federal University of Mato Grosso. The research is qualitative and exploratory and its data collection is consisted of documental research, observation of the construction, analysis of videos and images and interviews with two professional traffic planning experts. The results showed that the aspects of sustainable urban mobility were not observed in the construction of the viaduct at the Federal University of Mato Grosso, it was identified a lack of planning in the construction and in its surroundings. Other issues related to the lack of transparency regarding the use of funds for the execution and completion of the construction, and the lack of publication of structural design.

  18. Leishmania (Leishmania infantum chagasi em canídeos silvestres mantidos em cativeiro, no Estado de Mato Grosso Leishmania (Leishmania infantum chagasi in wild canids kept in captivity in the State of Mato Grosso

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    Nely Pinheiro Souza

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Leishmaniose visceral é uma zoonose que acomete diversos mamíferos tendo os canídeos domésticos como principais reservatórios em ambiente urbano. A presente nota descreve a infecção de canídeos silvestres por Leishmania (Leishmania infantum chagasi mantidos em cativeiro no Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil. MÉTODOS: De seis raposas (Cerdocyon thous e um cachorro vinagre (Spheotos venaticus, foram coletadas amostras de pele, medula óssea e linfonodo para detecção e caracterização de Leishmania sp pela técnica de PCR-RFLP. RESULTADOS: Todos as animais pesquisados apresentaram-se positivos para Leishmania (L. infantum chagasi. CONCLUSÕES: Destaca-se a importância de monitoramento adequado dos mesmos, além do maior controle desta enfermidade já que estes animais estão em ambientes de recreação pública.INTRODUCTION: Visceral leishmaniasis is a zoonosis that affects many mammals, and domestic canids are the main reservoirs in urban environments. This note describes infection by Leishmania (Leishmania infantum chagasi among wild canids kept in captivity in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. METHODS: Skin, bone marrow and lymph node samples were collected from six crab-eating foxes (Cerdocyon thous and one bush dog (Spheotos venaticus, in order to detect and characterize Leishmania using the PCR-RFLP technique. RESULTS: All the animals studied were positive for Leishmania (L. infantum chagasi. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the importance of adequate monitoring of these animals, as well as greater control of this disease, given that these animals are in a public recreation environment.

  19. A temperatura e umidade na degradação de fipronil em dois solos de Mato Grosso do Sul Temperature and moisture on fipronil degradation in two soils of Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil

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    Rômulo Penna Scorza Júnior

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a influência da temperatura e umidade na degradação de fipronil, em condições de laboratório, em dois solos de Mato Grosso do Sul. Os solos (0-30 e 50-70cm foram incubados nas temperaturas de 30 e 40°C e umidades de 50 e 80% da capacidade de campo. Amostras para análise dos resíduos de fipronil foram retiradas aos 0, 3, 10, 17, 24, 34 e 44 dias, sendo os dados das quantidades remanescentes em função do tempo ajustados aos modelos de cinética de primeira ordem e bifásico. O aumento da umidade e temperatura favoreceu a degradação do fipronil em ambos os solos. O modelo de cinética de primeira ordem mostrou-se superior ao bifásico para descrever a degradação do fipronil com valores de meia-vida entre 19 e 74 dias.This research had the aim to evaluate the influence of temperature and moisture on fipronil degradation under laboratory conditions of two soils at Mato Grosso do Sul State. Soil samples (0-30 and 50-70cm were incubated at temperatures of 30 and 40°C and soil moistures of 50 and 80% field capacity. Soil samples for fipronil residue analysis were collected at 0, 3, 10, 17, 24, 34, and 44 days after application and remaining amount data as a function of time were fitted to first-order kinetic and biphasic models. Temperature and soil moisture increase did improve fipronil degradation for both soils. First-order kinetics model did show a better performance than biphasic model to describe fipronil degradation with half-life values between 19 and 74 days.

  20. O uso e os impactos da reciclagem de cromo em indústrias de curtume em Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Usage and recycling of chromium at tanneries in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Tânia Christina Marchesi de Freitas

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Um estudo da dinâmica de emissão de cromo foi realizado em dois curtumes representativos de Mato Grosso do Sul. Apenas cromo III foi encontrado durante a investigação. Foram realizadas extensivas análises químicas de cromo nos efluentes e corpos receptores durante seis meses e os valores obtidos foram comparados com os da legislação existente. Demonstrou-se que, em alguns casos, a concentração de cromo atinge níveis ecologicamente perigosos, pois foram encontrados valores acima do permitido para águas. O processo de reciclagem de cromo em curtumes mostrou-se como um processo para a normalização das concentrações de cromo nas diferentes etapas de produção e na emissão desse elemento.A study of the dynamics of chromium emissions was carried out at two major tanneries operating in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul. Chromium III was the only species found during the investigation. Extensive chemical analyses for chromium were performed at the effluents and receptive sites for six months and the results were compared with the values required by the existing official acts, showing that they are were above ecologically dangerous levels. The concentrations of chromium in waters also were found to exceed the permissible values, but with a tendency toward reduction. Recycling was found to be the important operation capable of normalizing chrome concentrations at the various steps of production and in the release of this element into the environment.

  1. A implementação do Programa Saúde da Família em municípios do Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil Family Health Program implementation in municipalities in Mato Grosso State, Brazil

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    Ana Maria Canesqui

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa alguns aspectos do processo de implementação do Programa Saúde da Família (PSF, nas seguintes dimensões: resultados; condições e funcionamento dos mecanismos institucionais; estruturas organizacionais; fluxo e regularidade do repasse dos recursos financeiros; disponibilidade e capacitação dos recursos humanos. Estudaram-se sete municípios do Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil, usando-se fontes de dados secundários e primários, oriundos de entrevistas com diferentes agentes. É pesquisa avaliativa, com dados quantitativos e qualitativos. Conclui-se o seguinte: diferentes graus de implantação, de modelos de PSF e abrangência de cobertura populacional; adaptações das estruturas organizacionais; disponibilidade de pessoal, exceto dos auxiliares de enfermagem; disponibilidade de financiamento, com dificuldades no seu fluxo e outros fatores institucionais que dificultam ou favorecem o microprocesso de implementação do programa, nas instâncias municipais.This article analysis some key aspects in the implementation of the Family Health Program (FHP: results; conditions; and institutional mechanisms; flow and regularity of funding; organizational structures; and human resources availability and training. The study was conducted in seven municipalities (counties in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil, and used secondary data as well as primary data from interviews with different stakeholders. The research design was evaluative, using a quantitative/qualitative analysis. The results showed: varying stages in the implementation process, different FHP models, and adaptation of organizational structures; high level of human resources availability, except for nurse assistants; availability of financial resources, with some difficulties in their flow; and other institutional factors that hinder or facilitate the micro-implementation process in the municipalities.

  2. A POLICY MIX TO PREVENT A NON-COMMONS TRAGEDY FOR COLLECTIVE FOREST RESERVES IN AGRARIAN SETTLEMENTS IN NORTHWEST MATO GROSSO

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    R.B. Davenport

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Agrarian reform settlements have recently been identified as a major contributor to ongoing deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon. Collective forest reserves were established in some settlements to thwart forest loss, but settlers usually do not recognize forest commons, opting instead for continued private accumulation through forest clearing, or a "non-commons" tragedy. Pathways toward ensuring the viability of common-pool management in settlements remain unclear. Our case study focused on two similarly sized settlements in neighboring municipalities in Northwest Mato Grosso, Brazil, each with formally designated collective forest areas. In one, deforestation shifted into the collective reserve and intensified; in the other, deforestation stabilized and the collective reserve was protected. In the latter, settlers understood their collective forest reserve as a commonly held asset, with two commercially viable settlement cooperatives involved in Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa extractivism and added value processing. We analyze differences between the two settlements using Elinor Ostrom's framework for analysis of socio-ecological systems, and identify the locally applied policy mix ensuring the viability of a forest commons. The study concludes that "top-down" efforts to institutionalize collective governance over remaining forests will likely fail in most settlements, without a focus on alternative livelihood opportunities synergetic with forest tenure.

  3. Profile and geographic distribution of reported cases of visceral leishmaniasis in Campo Grande, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, from 2002 to 2009

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    Júlia Cristina Maksoud Brazuna

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: This study sought to describe the profile and geographic distribution of reported cases of visceral leishmaniasis (VL in the City of Campo Grande, State of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS, Brazil, from 2002 to 2009. METHODS: Human data were collected from the Brazilian National Information System for Notifiable Diseases. Canine cases and entomological data were obtained from the Information Service for Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis Control/Campo Grande, MS. RESULTS: A total of 951 records from 2002 to 2009 were investigated. The number of reported cases of VL in males was significantly higher (p < 0.0001 than that in females. The higher frequency observed among males was associated with age (p < 0.0001, which increased in individuals aged 40 years and older. The overall fatality rate was 7.4%. Entomological surveys conducted in 2006, 2007, and 2009 showed the insect vector Lutzomyia longipalpis to be present in all urban regions of the county. CONCLUSIONS: VL cases in humans and dogs, as well as in vectors, occurs in all urban regions of Campo Grande. Despite not observing tendencies of increase or reduction in the incidence of the disease due to aging, the major incidence in men is higher in those aged 40 years or above.

  4. Larval endoparasitoids (Hymenoptera of frugivorous flies (Diptera, Tephritoidea reared from fruits of the cerrado of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul , Brazil

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    Manoel A. Uchôa-Fernandes

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a five years survey of endoparasitoids obtained from the larvae of frugivorous Tephritidae and Lonchaeidae flies. The insects were reared from cultivated and wild fruits collected in areas of the cerrado in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The flies obtained from 14 host fruit species were eight Anastrepha species, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824 (Tephritidae; Dasiops sp. and Neosilba spp. (Lonchaeidae. Eleven parasitoid species were collected: Braconidae - Asobara anastrephae (Muesebek, 1958, Doryctobracon areolatus (Szépligeti, 1911, D. fluminensis (Costa Lima, 1938, Opius bellus Gahan, 1930 and Utetes anastrephae (Viereck, 1913; Figitidae - Aganaspis nordlanderi Wharton, 1998, Lopheucoila anastrephae (Rhower, 1919, Odontosema anastrephae (Borgmeier, 1935 and Trybliographa infuscata Gallardo, Díaz & Uchôa-Fernandes, 2000 and, Pteromalidae - Spalangia gemina Boucek, 1963 and S. endius Walker, 1839. In all cases only one parasitoid emerged per puparium. D. areolatus was the most abundant and frequent parasitoid of fruit fly species, as was L. anastrephae in Neosilba spp. larvae. This is the first record of A. nordlanderi in the midwestern Brazilian region.

  5. Modeling the reflection of Photosynthetically active radiation in a monodominant floodable forest in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso State using multivariate statistics and neural networks

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    LEONE F.A. CURADO

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The study of radiation entrance and exit dynamics and energy consumption in a system is important for understanding the environmental processes that rule the biosphere-atmosphere interactions of all ecosystems. This study provides an analysis of the interaction of energy in the form of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR in the Pantanal, a Brazilian wetland forest, by studying the variation of PAR reflectance and its interaction with local rainfall. The study site is located in Private Reserve of Natural Heritage, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, where the vegetation is a monodominant forest of Vochysia divergens Phol. The results showed a high correlation between the reflection of visible radiation and rainfall; however, the behavior was not the same at the three heights studied. An analysis of the hourly variation of the reflected waves also showed the seasonality of these phenomena in relation to the dry and rainy seasons. A predictive model for PAR was developed with a neural network that has a hidden layer, and it showed a determination coefficient of 0.938. This model showed that the Julian day and time of measurements had an inverse association with the wind profile and a direct association with the relative humidity profile.

  6. BIBLIOMETRICS ON ONE OF THE LARGEST TERMITE INVENTORIES IN THE CERRADO: "STUDIES ON TERMITES FROM THE MATO GROSSO STATE, BRAZIL BY AGA MATHEWS 1977"

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    HÉLIDA FERREIRA DA CUNHA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT This paper consists on a bibliometric analysis of the international influences of the book "Studies on termites from the Mato Grosso State, Brazil", by AGA Mathews (1977. The number of citations has increased over the years after the first citation. Mathews book was cited in articles, reviews, theses, dissertations, books, book chapters, abstracts in conference proceedings, comments and scientific notes. Most these studies are empirical and descriptive. The studies were conducted in 35 countries of the Neotropical, Palearctic, Afrotropical, Nearctic, Australasia and Indomalaya regions. 55% of the studies were carried out in Brazil. The journals Sociobiology and Insectes Sociaux, have social insect studies within its scope, and the highest number of articles citing Mathews. Most of the 71 authors that cited Mathews more than twice are Brazilian. Constrictotermes cyphergaster was the most studied in over 80% of the studies addressing Isoptera. The most frequent keywords were termite, Isoptera and taxonomy, generalist terms indexed in most publications carried out in different countries. Most of the research studies were carried out in laboratories and native vegetation areas. Studies in agroecosystems were implemented predominantly in Brazil. This study shows the diversity of application (citations of Mathews' book, and that the number of citations will continue to increase due to the large amount of information presented by the author.

  7. Modeling the reflection of Photosynthetically active radiation in a monodominant floodable forest in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso State using multivariate statistics and neural networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curado, Leone F A; Musis, Carlo R DE; Cunha, Cristiano R DA; Rodrigues, Thiago R; Pereira, Vinicius M R; Nogueira, José S; Sanches, Luciana

    2016-09-01

    The study of radiation entrance and exit dynamics and energy consumption in a system is important for understanding the environmental processes that rule the biosphere-atmosphere interactions of all ecosystems. This study provides an analysis of the interaction of energy in the form of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) in the Pantanal, a Brazilian wetland forest, by studying the variation of PAR reflectance and its interaction with local rainfall. The study site is located in Private Reserve of Natural Heritage, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, where the vegetation is a monodominant forest of Vochysia divergens Phol. The results showed a high correlation between the reflection of visible radiation and rainfall; however, the behavior was not the same at the three heights studied. An analysis of the hourly variation of the reflected waves also showed the seasonality of these phenomena in relation to the dry and rainy seasons. A predictive model for PAR was developed with a neural network that has a hidden layer, and it showed a determination coefficient of 0.938. This model showed that the Julian day and time of measurements had an inverse association with the wind profile and a direct association with the relative humidity profile.

  8. Análise da competitividade da produção de soja no sistema de plantio direto no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Maria Isabel da Silva Azevedo Alvim

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available O setor agrícola nacional, em fase de reorganização e adequação aos novos padrões de produção e comercialização, enfrenta o desafio de crescer de modo competitivo e sustentável, para atender a demanda interna e conquistar e manter espaço no mercado externo, fornecendo produtos e processos de qualidade, com sustentabilidade e a preços competitivos. Para atender a nova demanda de uma agricultura mais equilibrada, ecológica e economicamente, é necessária a prática de uma produção coerente com o desenvolvimento sustentável. Assim sendo, o objetivo deste trabalho é analisar a lucratividade do sistema de plantio direto, um modo de produção mais sustentável do que o sistema de plantio convencional, no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, usando como metodologia a Matriz de Análise de Políticas (MAP, pelo fato de que a mesma permite que se faça uma comparação mais clara entre os dois sistemas. Pela análise dos resultados alcançados, percebe-se que o sistema de plantio direto apresentou custos mais baixos e maior lucratividade do que o sistema de plantio convencional, além de ser um sistema preservacionista, reduzindo as perdas de solo por erosão.The Brazilian agricultural sector, which is undergoing the settlement of new production and trading patterns, faces the challenge of growing in a competitive and sustainable fashion, in order to attend domestic demand while acquiring and holding positions in foreign markets, and by providing quality products and processes with sustainability and competitive prices. To attend the new requirements form a more balanced agriculture, both in ecological and economic terms, it is necessary a practice of producing in a coherent fashion, with the sustainable development. Thus, the purpose of this article is to analyze the profitability of the direct planting system e production process which is more sustainable than the conventional system, in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul using the Policy

  9. Ecoturismo e “hotspots” de biodiversidade aviária no Mato Grosso, que relações espaciais ? Eco turisme et hot spots de bio diversité aviaire au Mato Grosso, quelles relations spatiales ? Eco-tourism and Avian bio diversity hot spots Mato Grosso, which spatial relations ?

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    Carla Moura de Paulo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O ecoturismo é uma pratica destinada à promover a descoberta do meio “natural” aos turistas, minimizando os impactos ecológicos das visitas e permitindo um desenvolvimento econômico local. A riqueza da biodiversidade é, normalmente, um dos argumentos utilizados para propor a implantação de um sistema de ecoturismo. Este estudo mostra que os centro de ecoturismo no Mato Grosso são extremamente diversos e inegavelmente preocupados com os seus impactos ecológicos. Os “hot spots” da biodiversidade não estão associados aos locais ecoturísticos os mais respeitosos do meio ambiente, mas aos lugares não turísticos e muito antropizados, os parques e jardins dos estabelecimentos agrícolas.L’éco tourisme est une pratique destinée à faire découvrir un milieu “naturel” à des touristes en minimisant les impacts écologiques des visites et en permettant un développement économique profitable au niveau local. La richesse de la biodiversité est souvent un des arguments utilisés pour proposer la mise en place d’un système d’écotourisme. Cette étude montre que les centres d’éco tourisme au Mato Grosso sont très divers et inégalement soucieux de leurs impacts écologiques. Les hot spot de la bio diversité ne sont pas associées au site éco touristiques les plus respectueux de l’environnement, mais à des lieux non touristiques et très anthropisés, les parcs et jardins des exploitations agricoles.Eco tourism is a two folded activity. It is supposed to allow tourists to discover and appreciate natural landscapes without leaving any ecological inprints. It is also supposed to help local developpement for local people and local culture. Biodiversity is often taken as a argument to promote eco tourism in a definite place: a high biodiversity is seen as attractive. This paper, which studies some eco tourism sites in Mato Grosso shows that biodiversity is not at its peak in all eco tourism establishment. It is, in

  10. Análise locacional e impactos econômicos do segmento sucroalcooleiro em Mato Grosso

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    Wladimir Colman de Azevedo Junior

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O cultivo da cana-de-açúcar tem se intensificado na região central do Brasil e oestado de Mato Grosso tornou-se um dos principais produtores de etanol e açúcardo país. Entender o comportamento desta cadeia, considerando a caracterizaçãoeconômica espacial do cultivo e os efeitos multiplicadores sobre a economia éimportante para sabermos a magnitude de cada atividade e sua importância para odesenvolvimento local. Para mensurar os efeitos multiplicadores foi utilizada a MatrizInsumo-Produto (MIP de Mato Grosso, atualizada para o ano de 2007, que permitiua construção dos índices de ligações Rasmussen-Hirschman e dos efeitosmultiplicadores. A identificação da concentração territorial do cultivo da cana-deaçúcarfoi possível por meio do Índice de Concentração Normalizado (ICN, queutiliza dados do PIB e do valor da produção para mapear os espaços cuja referidaatividade é tida como economicamente diferenciada. O resultado auferido reflete queo elo industrial da cadeia possui forte poder de dispersão de investimento e que em2007 se localizava em apenas 11 municípios no estado. O elo agrícola da cadeiaapresentou forte sensibilidade de dispersão e também se localiza em 11 municípiostidos como diferenciados e que por isto concentram a produção da cana em seusterritórios.Abstract The cultivation of sugar cane has intensified in the central region of Brazil andthe state of Mato Grosso has become a leading producer of ethanol and sugar in thecountry. Understanding the behavior of this chain, considering the characterization ofgrowing economic space and the multiplier effects on the economy is important toknow the magnitude of each activity and its importance for local development. Tomeasure the multiplier effects we used the input-output matrix (IPM of Mato Grosso,updated to the year 2007, which allowed the construction of indexes linksRasmussen-Hirschman and multiplier effects. The identification of

  11. Richness and Abundance of Lianas with Different Diameter Classes in Permanent Plots in the Amazon in Mato Grosso

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    D. G. Ferraz

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Lianas are an important component of the structure and diversity of tropical forests and the Amazon biome is one of few natural protected areas that still support the highest level of biodiversity in the world. Generally in disturbed forests high densities of lianas are found than mature forests. The aim of this study is to investigate the richness among families and lianas abundance with different diameter classes in permanent plots in the Amazon of Mato Grosso. To the survey were placed 8 plots of 40 x 250 in a forest fragment that has been management for 30 years, where we sampled lianas species with diameter breast height (DBH ≥ 1 cm. There were sampled 3970 stems in the permanent plots, and the two most abundant were 2 and 6 with 594 and 573 individuals respectively. The richest families were Sapindaceae, Dilleniaceae, Menispermaceae and Fabaceae. These results confirm the hypothesis that disturbed areas have more density of lianas with small DBH.

  12. Comparison of Sampling Designs for Estimating Deforestation from Landsat TM and MODIS Imagery: A Case Study in Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Shanyou Zhu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sampling designs are commonly used to estimate deforestation over large areas, but comparisons between different sampling strategies are required. Using PRODES deforestation data as a reference, deforestation in the state of Mato Grosso in Brazil from 2005 to 2006 is evaluated using Landsat imagery and a nearly synchronous MODIS dataset. The MODIS-derived deforestation is used to assist in sampling and extrapolation. Three sampling designs are compared according to the estimated deforestation of the entire study area based on simple extrapolation and linear regression models. The results show that stratified sampling for strata construction and sample allocation using the MODIS-derived deforestation hotspots provided more precise estimations than simple random and systematic sampling. Moreover, the relationship between the MODIS-derived and TM-derived deforestation provides a precise estimate of the total deforestation area as well as the distribution of deforestation in each block.

  13. Checklist das espécies de Lauxaniidae (Insecta, Diptera do estado do Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Vera Cristina Silva

    Full Text Available RESUMO Lauxaniidae é uma das maiores famílias de Diptera Schizophora, com distribuição mundial, muito abundante nas áreas tropicais. A família está composta por cerca de 1.550 espécies. Os adultos apresentam o corpo pequeno a relativamente grande (2-11 mm, com coloração variada, muitas vezes com marcas, manchas, listras ou padrões reticulados. As larvas são conhecidas como saprófagas, alimentando-se em uma variedade de matéria vegetal em decomposição e mesmo em capítulos de flores. Adultos são raspadores de fungos em folhas. A fauna brasileira de Lauxaniidae compreende, até o momento, 74 espécies das quais 8 possuem registro assinalado para o estado do Mato Grosso do Sul.

  14. Aspectos ecológicos da helintofauna de anfíbios Leptodactylidae (ANURA) no Estado do Mato Grosso, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Morais, Drausio Honorio [UNESP

    2013-01-01

    Nos necropsiamos 668 espécimes de 21 espécies de rãs da família Leptodactylidae colecionadas entre os anos de 1987 e 2010, provenientes de 36 municípios, distribuídos por quatro regiões: Amazônia, Cerrado, Pantanal e áreas de transição de Cerrado e Amazônia no Estado do Mato Grosso, Brasil. 535 anfíbios estavam parasitados e destes, recuperamos 31.580 helmintos representados por 38 espécies, distribuídos em Nemátoda, Tremátodas (Digenéticos e Monogenéticos), Cestoda e Acantocephala. Os padrõe...

  15. Tropas e condutores em Mato Grosso: camaradas e arrieiros (primeira metade do século XIX.

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    Divino Marcos de Sena

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo analiso a presença de trabalhadores livres no transporte terrestre na província de Mato Grosso num período anterior à crise do trabalho escravo no Brasil. A atuação de homens nesse tipo de serviço contribui para quebrar a ideia de que a região estava isolada na primeira metade do século XIX. As diversas vias de comunicação, interna e externa, e o trabalho dos condutores de tropa demonstram que a Província poderia sim estar distante dos centros de exportação do Império, mas de forma alguma isolada.

  16. Parasitismo humano por Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (ACARI: IXODIDAE no Mato Grosso do Sul, Centro-Oeste do Brasil

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    Igor Cunha Lima Acosta

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available O parasitismo humano pelo carrapato marrom do cão, Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (s. l., um importante parasita para a saúde pública e veterinária, é raramente relatado no continente americano. Este trabalho relata o registro de um macho de R. sanguineus s. l. parasitando um humano na cidade de Campo Grande, estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, no Centro-Oeste do Brasil. Essa observação é relevante para a saúde pública, uma vez que os carrapatos desse complexo são conhecidos como vetores de riquétsias do grupo da febre maculosa para cães e humanos.

  17. The use of radionuclide DNA probe technology for epidemiological studies of tegumentary leishmaniasis in Mato Grosso state, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrade, Antero Silva Ribeiro de [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Fernandes, Octavio [Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Medicina Tropical; Heub, Marcia; Fontes, Cor Jesus [Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Hospital Universitario Julio Muller; Carvalho, Maria de Lourdes Ribeiro; Melo, Maria Norma de [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Parasitologia

    2005-10-15

    DNA hybridisation, using probes labelled with 32 P, was used to type Leishmania samples isolated from patients living in endemic areas of Mato Grosso State (Brazil), and clinically diagnosed as having tegumentary leishmaniasis. k DNA cloned mini-circle probes specific for the Leishmania mexicana and Leishmania braziliensis complexes were used. The results showed that L. braziliensis is the predominant group infecting human patients in the state. Sixty-eight samples were typed, 64 samples (94.1%) belonging to the L. braziliensis complex and only four (5.9%) belonging to the L. mexicana complex. Accurate identification of the Leishmania permits better orientation of the medical follow-up, since clinical manifestations may vary depending on the complex to which the parasite belongs. The epidemiological information furnished by the identification of the Leishmania in given endemic area is also essential for the design of appropriate control measures. (author)

  18. Comparison of sampling designs for estimating deforestation from landsat TM and MODIS imagery: a case study in Mato Grosso, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Shanyou; Zhang, Hailong; Liu, Ronggao; Cao, Yun; Zhang, Guixin

    2014-01-01

    Sampling designs are commonly used to estimate deforestation over large areas, but comparisons between different sampling strategies are required. Using PRODES deforestation data as a reference, deforestation in the state of Mato Grosso in Brazil from 2005 to 2006 is evaluated using Landsat imagery and a nearly synchronous MODIS dataset. The MODIS-derived deforestation is used to assist in sampling and extrapolation. Three sampling designs are compared according to the estimated deforestation of the entire study area based on simple extrapolation and linear regression models. The results show that stratified sampling for strata construction and sample allocation using the MODIS-derived deforestation hotspots provided more precise estimations than simple random and systematic sampling. Moreover, the relationship between the MODIS-derived and TM-derived deforestation provides a precise estimate of the total deforestation area as well as the distribution of deforestation in each block.

  19. Environmental integrity and damselfly species composition in Amazonian streams at the "arc of deforestation" region, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Leandro Schlemmer Brasil

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available AIMS: Investigated how the loss of environmental integrity affects damselfly species composition in nine sites with different levels of environmental integrity in a Cerrado-Amazon transition region known as "arc of deforestation" in Mato Grosso State, Brazil. We also tested the influence of environmental variables on species composition. METHODS: We collected in transects of 100 m and used ordination (PCoA and simple linear regression. RESULTS: Species composition was strongly influenced by the environmental quality of sites, and the best model to explain species composition included variables related to channel morphology. CONCLUSIONS: These results are connected to the environmental homogenization and loss of environmental integrity as a result of extensive agricultural practices which alter stream communities of dragonflies in this region.

  20. A new species of Discocyrtanus from Mato Grosso, Brazil (Opiliones: Gonyleptidae) with a key to the species of the genus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Rafael N; Kury, Adriano B

    2017-11-14

    Discocyrtanus canjinjim sp. n., belonging to the family Gonyleptidae Sundevall, 1833 is described based on nineteen specimens, eleven adult males and eight adult females, collected in the Vila Bela da Santíssima Trindade, in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. This new species represents an endemic component for the harvestmen fauna of Chiquitano Dry Forests terrestrial eco-region, being the most occidental point of distribution of the genus, notably found in the Cerrado and the Atlantic Forest. The new species is characterized by femur IV swollen with the same length of dorsal scutum, trochanter IV with prodorsal distal apophysis as a stout hook not bifurcated, and a unique form of genitalia in the genus. This paper also includes the first identification key to the species of the genus after its revalidation. Copyright © 2017 Académie des sciences. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. Parasitismo intestinal entre o grupo indígena Zoró, Estado de Mato Grosso (Brasil

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    Carlos E. A. Coimbra Jr.

    1991-03-01

    Full Text Available Essa nota relata os resultados de inquérito parasitológico realizado entre o grupo indígena Zoró (Mato Grosso. Dentre os 173 exames realizados, foram encontradas 9 (5,2% amostras positivas para Ancilostomtdeos, 4 (2,3% para Trichuris trichiura, 5 (2,9% para Hymenolepis nana, 17 (9,8% para Giardia lamblia, 5 (2,9% para Balantidium coli e 29 (16,8% para Entamoeba histolytica. Os autores observam a baixa prevalência de helmintoses e chamam a atenção para a possibilidade de controle dessas parasitoses em comunidades indígenas por meio de medicação em massa. Discutem, também, as implicações epidemiológicas da prática de criar porcos selvagens no peridomicílio na transmissão do B. coli.This paper reports on the results of a parasitological survey conducted among the Zoró Indians (Mato Grosso. From the total of 173 stool samples, 9 (5.2% were positive for Ancilostomidae, 4 (23% for Trichuris trichiura, 5 (2.9% for Hymenolepis nana, 17 (9.8% for Guardia lamblia, 5 (2.9% for Balantidium coli, and 29 (16.8% for Entamoeba hislolytica. The authors note the low prevalence of helminths and call attention for the possibilities of achieving control of these parasites among Amerindian communities by means of mass treatment. The authors also discuss the epidemiological implications of the practice of rearing mid pigs near the houses in the transmission of B. coli.

  2. Geographical distribution of Trypanosoma cruzi in triatomine vectors in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Marlon Cezar Cominetti

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction This work presents the initial findings of a molecular epidemiological investigation of Trypanosoma cruzi in triatomine insects in State of Mato Grosso do Sul. Methods A total of 511 triatomines from different regions of the state were examined. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA was extracted from the intestinal contents of the insects using phenol-chloroform-isoamyl alcohol (25:24:1. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR using primers 121/122 targeting DNA kinetoplast (kDNA was then performed to identify T. cruzi, and positive samples were subjected to PCR using the primer pair TcSC5D-F/R followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP with the restriction enzymes SphI and HpaI (1 U/reaction, cloning and sequencing. Results One hundred samples were positive for T. cruzi, and three discrete typing units (DTUs were identified (TcI, TcII, and TcBat. Triatoma sordida had the highest T. cruzi occurrence (83.3%, and DTUs were found in three samples: 58.3% of the samples were TcI, 33.3% were TcII and 8.3% were TcBat. There was a clear geographical distribution of the DTUs throughout the state, with TcI, TcII and TcBat located in the center, TcI located in the east, and TcII located in the west. Conclusions This study showed the occurrence of overlapping DTUs in State of Mato Grosso do Sul. The distributions of the DTUs were different, with TcI, TcII and TcBat in the center of the state, TcI predominantly in the east, and TcII in the west. Further studies may reveal a more defined mosaic distribution of DTUs in MS.

  3. Geographical distribution of Trypanosoma cruzi in triatomine vectors in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

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    Cominetti, Marlon Cezar; Csordas, Bárbara Guimarães; Cunha, Rodrigo Casquero; Andreotti, Renato

    2014-01-01

    This work presents the initial findings of a molecular epidemiological investigation of Trypanosoma cruzi in triatomine insects in State of Mato Grosso do Sul. A total of 511 triatomines from different regions of the state were examined. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) was extracted from the intestinal contents of the insects using phenol-chloroform-isoamyl alcohol (25:24:1). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using primers 121/122 targeting DNA kinetoplast (kDNA) was then performed to identify T. cruzi, and positive samples were subjected to PCR using the primer pair TcSC5D-F/R followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) with the restriction enzymes SphI and HpaI (1 U/reaction), cloning and sequencing. One hundred samples were positive for T. cruzi, and three discrete typing units (DTUs) were identified (TcI, TcII, and TcBat). Triatoma sordida had the highest T. cruzi occurrence (83.3%), and DTUs were found in three samples: 58.3% of the samples were TcI, 33.3% were TcII and 8.3% were TcBat. There was a clear geographical distribution of the DTUs throughout the state, with TcI, TcII and TcBat located in the center, TcI located in the east, and TcII located in the west. This study showed the occurrence of overlapping DTUs in State of Mato Grosso do Sul. The distributions of the DTUs were different, with TcI, TcII and TcBat in the center of the state, TcI predominantly in the east, and TcII in the west. Further studies may reveal a more defined mosaic distribution of DTUs in MS.

  4. Saber local e medicina popular: a etnobotânica em Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Maria Corette Pasa

    Full Text Available O estudo foi realizado na comunidade Bom Jardim, em Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, com o objetivo de resgatar o conhecimento que as pessoas possuem das plantas como remédio, o quanto as utilizam e a finalidade do uso. Aplicou-se o pré-teste, entrevistas semiestruturadas e observação direta, abordando o uso, a preparação da planta e a indicação das mesmas. A coleta dos dados ocorreu de março de 2008 a julho de 2009. O material botânico encontra-se no Herbário Central da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT. Dos entrevistados, 45% não apresentam escolaridade, numa faixa etária de 20 a 89 anos de idade. Os entrevistados citaram 86 espécies, distribuídas em 45 famílias, sendo Fabaceae, Mimosaceae e Caesalpiniaceae as mais expressivas. A maioria das espécies apresenta hábito arbóreo, seguido de herbáceo e arbustivo. A folha é a parte mais utilizada e o principal modo de preparo é o chá. A população demonstrou ter conhecimento e fazer uso das plantas locais e revelou um largo consumo na categoria de uso medicinal. O cuidado com a biodiversidade vegetal e o processo de conservação ficaram evidentes na fala e no manejo que as pessoas dispensam nas atividades do cotidiano.

  5. Uso de agrotóxicos e suicídios no Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Recena Maria Celina Piazza

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available As prevalências das tentativas de suicídio provocadas pela exposição a agrotóxicos de uso agrícola no Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, ocorridas entre janeiro 1992 a dezembro 2002, foram avaliadas baseadas nos registros das notificações de intoxicação do Centro Integrado de Vigilância Toxicológica da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado. Dados populacionais e de produção agrícola foram obtidos do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, e dados de suicídio por causas diversas da Secretaria de Estado de Saúde. Foram registradas 1.355 notificações de intoxicação, sendo 506 tentativas de suicídio que levaram a 139 óbitos. As microrregiões de Campo Grande e Dourados apresentam as maiores prevalências de tentativas de suicídio. Alta prevalência de suicídios por causas diversas também foi observada em Dourados, com uma tendência de crescimento nos últimos dez anos. Os resultados deste estudo indicaram a microrregião de Dourados como uma das mais críticas do Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul com relação à ingestão voluntária de agrotóxicos, demonstrando a necessidade de um programa de vigilância epidemiológica para melhor investigar estes eventos na população rural da região.

  6. Intoxicação de bovinos por Tetrapterys multiglandulosa (Malpighiaceae em Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Carvalho Nilton M.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available São descritos dois surtos da intoxicação espontânea por Tetrapterys multiglandulosa em bovinos e a reprodução experimental da toxicose em ovinos. Os dois surtos espontâneos ocorreram na mesma fazenda localizada no município de Bataiporã, Mato Grosso do Sul. O primeiro surto ocorreu em julho-outubro de 2004 e envolveu uma população bovina sob risco de 290 vacas prenhes que haviam sido introduzidas em um pasto de 60 hectares onde havia uma área de reserva legal, altamente infestada por T. multiglandulosa. Dessas, 230 vacas (79,3% abortaram, pariram natimortos ou bezerros fracos que morreram alguns dias após o nascimento. Sete vacas adultas morreram. Uma vaca e um bezerro de 10 dias foram necropsiados. O segundo surto ocorreu em setembro-outubro de 2005, 40 dias após 285 novilhas de dois anos de idade terem sido introduzidas no mesmo pasto infestado por T. multiglandulosa onde ocorrera o primeiro surto no ano anterior. Nove novilhas adoeceram e morreram; três foram necropsiadas. Os sinais clínicos dos bovinos afetados, incluindo um bezerro de 10 dias de idade, consistiam de acentuada letargia, emagrecimento com distensão do abdômen (ascite, edema subcutâneo de declive, ingurgitamento e pulso venoso da jugular, dispnéia e arritmia cardíaca. Os achados de necropsia incluíam corações globosos e com câmaras cardíacas dilatadas, áreas brancas e firmes no miocárdio e alterações relacionadas a insuficiência cardíaca como edemas cavitários, fígado de noz-moscada, edema pulmonar e grande coágulo no ventrículo esquerdo. As alterações histopatológicas incluíam necrose e fibrose do miocárdio, congestão centrolobular passiva crônica do fígado, edema pulmonar e degeneração esponjosa da substância branca do encéfalo. Os ovinos do experimento morreram 29 (Ovino 1 e 35 (Ovino 2 dias após terem recebido as folhas de T. multiglandulosa nas doses médias diárias de 14 g/kg (Ovino 1 e 7,5 g/kg (Ovino 2. O aparecimento

  7. Trend of leprosy in individuals under the age of 15 in Mato Grosso (Brazil), 2001-2013.

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    Freitas, Bruna Hinnah Borges Martins de; Cortela, Denise da Costa Boamorte; Ferreira, Silvana Margarida Benevides

    2017-04-10

    To identify the historical trend of leprosy epidemiological indicators in individuals under the age of 15 in the state of Mato Grosso. Descriptive study with trend analysis of leprosy indicators in individuals under the age of fifteen registered in the Mato Grosso's System for Notifiable Diseases between 2001 and 2013. We used the Prais-Winsten procedure for analyzing generalized linear regression at a significance level of 5%. We considered as increasing time series when the annual percent change was positive, decreasing when negative and stationary when there was no significant difference between its value and zero. We analyzed 2455 cases of leprosy and the average detection rate in individuals under the age of fifteen was 22.7 per 100 thousand inhabitants. The trend of the general coefficient of incidence was decreasing, with an average annual rate of -5.5% (95%CI -7.5--3.5). Increasing trend was observed with an increase of 6.7% (95%CI 2.7-10.8) in the proportion of multibacillary cases, 9.4% (95%CI 4.4-14.7) of cases diagnosed with dimorphic clinical form and 14% (95%CI 7.9-20.4) of cases with physical disability level 2 at the time of diagnosis. There was an increasing trend in the average proportion of examined contacts, with a growth of 4.1% (95%CI 1.2-7.1) and average proportion of healing was precarious (39.7%), with stationary trend. The historical trend of leprosy cases in individuals under the age of fifteen proved to be decreasing in the period, however the trends of epidemiological indicators such as the proportion of multibacillary cases, physical disability level 2 and healing, indicate late diagnosis with stay sources of transmission and consequent worsening of the disease in the state of Mato Grosso. Identificar a tendência histórica dos indicadores epidemiológicos de hanseníase em menores de 15 anos no estado de Mato Grosso. Estudo descritivo com análise de tendência dos indicadores de hanseníase em menores de 15 anos registrados no

  8. Soybean Development: The Impact of a Decade of Agricultural Change on Urban and Economic Growth in Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Richards, Peter; Pellegrina, Heitor; VanWey, Leah; Spera, Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    In this research we consider the impact of export-driven, soybean agriculture in Mato Grosso on regional economic growth. Here we argue that the soybean sector has served as a motor to the state’s economy by increasing the demand for services, housing, and goods, and by providing a source of investment capital to the non-agricultural sector. Specifically, we show that each square kilometer of soybean production supports 2.5 formal sector jobs outside of agriculture, and the equivalent of approximately 150,000US in annual, non-agricultural GDP. We also show that annual gains in non-agricultural employment and GDP are closely tied to soybean profitability, and thus vary from year to year. However, while this article highlights the potential of the agricultural sector as a driver of regional economic growth, it also acknowledges that this growth has been sustained by profits determined by externally set prices and the rate of exchange, and that future growth trajectories will be susceptible to potential currency of market shocks. We also show that while Mato Grosso’s economic growth has come at a significant cost to the environment, value added by the agriculture sector, directly and indirectly, has surpassed the value of the CO2-e emitted through land clearings. PMID:25919305

  9. Agropecuária, Crescimento Econômico e Convergência de Renda Municipal em Mato Grosso

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    Charline Dassow

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho investiga o efeito do setor agropecuário sobre o crescimento econômico e a convergência de renda dos municípios de Mato Grosso para o período de 2002 a 2005. Utilizou-se a teoria de convergência-β condicional, adaptando o modelo de Barro e Sala-i-Martin, e incorporando a metodologia econométrica espacial. Não existe dependência espacial detectada pelo teste global mas o teste de dependência espacial local (LISA identificou um cluster de crescimento em uma região que é também pólo agropecuário do estado. Concluiu-se que há convergência-β condicional nos municípios mato-grossenses. Ainda, se constatou econometricamente que o setor agropecuário se mostra importante para o crescimento econômico dos municípios. No entanto, considera-se interessante aprofundar esses estudos, levando em consideração as características municipais e regionais, a fim de reduzir as suas desigualdades e obter um processo de crescimento econômico mais eficaz.

  10. O Arranjo Produtivo Local da Apicultura de Mato Grosso: Evolução Recente e Necessidade de Ajustes

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    Dilamar Dallemole

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE Este estudo tem como escopo central avaliar as ações desencadeadas pelas instituições locais junto ao APL da Apicultura de Mato Grosso, avaliando se estão em consonância com o conceito e a metodologia desenvolvida pela Rede de Pesquisa em Sistemas e Arranjos Produtivos e Inovativos Locais (REDESIST. Ainda, visa delimitar os espaços onde a atividade apresenta-se especializada e se estes locais coincidem com a delimitação territorial do arranjo realizada pelo SEBRAE. Para isso, foram utilizados dados do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE, para estimar o Índice de Concentração Normalizado (ICN, capaz de determinar a base territorial que realmente possui alguma especialização na referida atividade. Tal procedimento, também, revelou que apenas 43% dos municípios apoiados possuem alguma especialização e que os mesmos não compõem uma região, mas sim, grupos de municípios dispersos por todo o estado Mato-grossense.

  11. A revolução demográfica dos povos indígenas no Brasil: a experiência dos Kayabí do Parque Indígena do Xingu, Mato Grosso, Brasil, 1970-2007 The demographic revolution among Brazilian indigenous peoples: the case of the Kayabí in the Xingu Indian Reservation, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, 1970-2007

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    Heloisa Pagliaro

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa a dinâmica demográfica dos Kayabí, povo de língua Tupi, do Parque Indígena do Xingu, Brasil Central, no período 1970-2007, com base em informações do registro de eventos vitais do Programa de Saúde da Universidade Federal de São Paulo no Xingu. O contato dos Kayabí com a sociedade nacional, na região do Alto rio Teles Pires, entre 1920 e 1950, deu origem a depopulação das aldeias por confrontos e epidemias de doenças infecto-contagiosas, resultando na emigração paulatina de alguns grupos Kayabí para o Xingu, onde até hoje vivem. Entre 1970 e 2007, a população Kayabí no Xingu cresceu 4,8% ao ano, passando de 204 para 1.162 habitantes. No período 2000-2007, a taxa bruta de natalidade era de 51 nascimentos por mil habitantes, a de fecundidade total de 7,8 filhos por mulher, a taxa bruta de mortalidade de 3,5 óbitos por mil habitantes e a de mortalidade infantil de 17,5 óbitos por mil nascimentos. Na população, 56,2% eram menores de 15 anos de idade. Os resultados mostram que, a exemplo do que vem ocorrendo com outros povos indígenas no Brasil, os Kayabí também estão se recuperando em população.This paper analyzes the demographic dynamics of the Kayabí, a Tupi people in the Xingu Indian Reservation in Central Brazil, from 1970 to 2007. Data were gathered from vital statistics for the Xingu Indian Reservation at the Federal University in São Paulo. Contact with Brazilian national society from 1920 to 1950 in the Upper Teles Pires River Valley led to a population decrease due to clashes and epidemics. In 1952, part of the Kayabí group gradually began migrating to the Xingu, where they still live. In 1970 there were 204 Kayabí in Xingu villages, and by 2007 there were 1,162, representing a 4.8% annual growth rate. For 2000-2007 the crude birth rate was 51 per thousand inhabitants; total fertility rate 7.8 children per women; crude death crude 3.5 per thousand inhabitants; and infant mortality rate

  12. Temporal Variation in Water Quality Parameters under Different Vegetative Communities in Two Flooded Forests of the Northern Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Couto, E. G.; Dalmagro, H. J.; Lathuilliere, M. J.; Pinto Junior, O. B.; Johnson, M. S.

    2013-12-01

    The Pantanal is one of the largest flood plains in the world, and is characterized by large variability in vegetative communities and flooding dynamics. Some woody plant species have been observed to colonize large areas forming monospecific stands. We measured chemical parameters of flood waters including dissolved organic carbon (DOC), nitrate (NO3), dissolved oxygen (DO), and carbon dioxide (CO2) as well as physical parameters such as photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), temperature (Tw), turbidity (Turb) and water levels (WL). These chemical and physical measurements were conducted with the intent to characterize spatial and temporal differences of monospecific stands in order to understand if these different formations alter the biogeochemistry of the Pantanal waters. Water sample campaigns were conducted during the inundation period of January to May 2013 in two areas located in the Private Reserve of the Brazilian Social Service of Commerce (RPPN-SESC) near Poconé, Mato Grosso. Research sites included: (1) a flooded tall-stature forest (known as Cambarazal) dominated by the Vochysia divergens species; and (2) in a flooded scrub forest (known as Baia das Pedras) dominated by the Combretum lanceolatum species. Results showed three principal factors which explained 80% of variance in aquatic physical and chemical parameters. The first factor (PCA-1) explained 38% of variance (DO, PAR and WL), PCA-2 explained 23% (NO3, Tw, DOC), while PCA-3 explained only 19% of variance (CO2 and Turb). During the entire study period, the major concentration of variables were observed in the flooded forest. Physical variables presented small alterations, with the exception of water levels, that were greater in the flooded forest. With respect to temporal variables, all chemical parameters were greater at the beginning of the inundation and gradually dropped with the water level. With this work, we observed that the different monospecific formations influenced water

  13. Um olhar sobre as benzedeiras de Juruena (Mato Grosso, Brasil e as plantas usadas para benzer e curar

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    Márcia Regina Antunes Maciel

    Full Text Available O 'benzimento' é forma antiga no tratamento de várias doenças, utilizada na Europa desde a Idade Média. No Brasil, os benzedores surgiram a partir do século XVII. Interpretações dos conhecimentos, uso tradicional dos recursos vegetais e manejo realizado por benzedores, raizeiros e parteiras são fonte de pesquisa nos estudos etnobotânicos. Benzedores indicam plantas para efeito de cura ou como amuletos protetores, com a presença destas formas de uso da flora na cultura popular. Este estudo foi realizado em Juruena, Mato Grosso, com aplicação de técnicas de observação participante, entrevistas semi-estruturadas (questões abertas/fechadas gravadas e amostras intencionais e a realizção de coleta de material botânico, depositado no Herbário da Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso (UFMT. Teve o objetivo de compreender a importância das benzedeiras, identificar etnobotanicamente as plantas utilizadas, formas de prescrição e manipulação. Foram entrevistadas quatro benzedeiras no período de setembro de 2002 a novembro de 2003, as quais demonstraram um conhecimento etnobotânico expressivo. Estas benzem, preparam e receitam chás, garrafadas, banhos e ungüentos. As enfermidades tratadas foram agrupadas em duas categorias: doenças físicas (dorde-dente, dor-de-barriga, verminoses, cobreiro, arca-caída, rendidura, erisipela etc e doenças espirituais (quebranto, mau-olhado, pessoas carregadas, encosto. Foram relatadas 87 etnoespécies, distribuídas em 31 famílias botânicas, dentre as quais se salientam erva-de-Santa-Maria (Chenopodium ambrosioides L., chapéu-de-couro (Echinodorus macrophyllus MIq., quina-do-mato (Strychnos sp St.Hil., ipê-roxo (Tabebuia heptaphylla (Vell. Toledo, arruda (Ruta graveolens L., guiné (Petiveria alliacea L. e comigo-ninguém-pode (Dieffenbachia picta L. A medicina popular praticada pelas benzedeiras vem ao encontro dos anseios das pessoas que buscam alívio para seus males, com valores e heran

  14. Lesions in cattle leather caused by the main ectoparasites in Northwest of Paraná State and Southwest of Mato Grosso state / Lesões no couro bovino causadas pelos principais ectoparasitas nas regiões noroeste do estado do Paraná e sudoeste do estado do Mato Grosso

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    Milton Hissashi Yamamura

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available This work evaluates the lesions caused by ectoparasites like Boophilus microplus, Dermatobia hominis, Haematobia irritans in cattle leather, in tanning industry. Such material came from the Northwest of Parana State and Southwest of Mato Grosso State. The evaluation of leather occured in August, 1999 and February, 2000. In August, 1999, 15,530 samples from Northwest of Parana State and 11, 289 samples from the Southwest of Mato Grosso State were analysed. The result obtained showed that the main damage was caused by ticks bites, representing 63% in Parana and 67% in Mato Grosso of cattle leather infected by tick. It was followed by D. hominis (Tropical warble infection, where 34% of the cattle in Parana and 19% in Mato Grosso showed larvae infection and 3% in Parana and 14%> of the remaining cattle presented lesions by horn fly. In February, 2000 9,690 samples from Northwest of Parana State and 16,271 samples from the Southwest of Mato Grosso State were analyzed. Again the highest incidence of damage was caused by the ticks where 60% of cattle leather in Paranaand 65% in Mato Grosso were infected. It was also followed by tropical warble infection, where 35,5% of cattle in Parana and 20% in Mato Grosso presented larvae infection and 4,5% in Parana and 15% of the remaining cattle showed lesions by horn fly. Although tick caused greater leather lesions, the larvae ofD. hominis was responsible for the low quality of the material because such damage is irreversible. The Parana obtained the lowest score for leather due to the high incidence of larvae od D. hominis.Este trabalho avalia as lesões causadas pelos ectoparasitas Boophilus microplus, Dermatobia hominis, Haematobia irritans no couro de bovinos procedentes da região Noroeste do Estado do Paraná e Sudoeste do Estado do Mato Grosso, nos meses de agosto de 1999 e fevereiro de 2000. No mês de agosto de 1999, foram analisados 15530 couros bovinos provenientes da região Noroeste do Estado do

  15. Mycobacterium bovis identification by a molecular method from post-mortem inspected cattle obtained in abattoirs of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Cristina Pires de Araújo

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available The presence of Mycobacterium bovis in bovine carcasses with lesions suggestive of tuberculosis was evaluated. Seventy-two carcass samples were selected during slaughter inspection procedures in abattoirs in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Seventeen (23.6% of samples showed colonies suggestive of mycobacteria that were confirmed to be acid-fast bacilli by Ziehl-Neelsen staining. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR using primers specific for M. bovis identified M. bovis in 13 (76.5% isolates. The PCR-restriction enzyme pattern analysis using gene encoding for the 65-kDa protein and two restriction enzymes identified the remaining four isolates that were represented by two M. tuberculosis complex and two nontuberculous mycobacteria. The results are indicative of infection of slaughter cattle by M. bovis and other mycobacteria in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul.

  16. Turgida turgida (Nematoda: Physalopteridae parasitic in white-bellied opossum, Didelphis albiventris (Marsupialia: Didelphidae, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Roberta M.P. Humberg

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Turgida turgida have been largely reported parasitizing Didelphis species in North and South America based on light microscopy observation. However, the features that differentiate T. turgida from other physalopterid species should be observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM. A female white-bellied opossum, Didelphis albiventris, arrived dead at the Centro de Reabilitação de Animais Silvestres (CRAS in the municipality of Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. During the necropsy, adult nematodes were collected from stomach and intestine. The nematodes were determined to be adult specimens and submitted to SEM for the species determination. This is the first report of T. turgida confirmed by SEM in the Neotropical region and the first report in an urban area in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

  17. Occurrence of anti-Neospora caninum and anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in horses in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Luciane Maria Laskoski

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of anti-Neospora caninum and anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in horses from Pantanal, in Mato Grosso state. Two hundred blood samples were collected from horses in Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The samples were analyzed by IFAT for the detection of anti-Neospora caninum and anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies. Antibodies to N. caninum were found in 30 (15% of 200 horses in titers of 50 (25 horses, 100 (two horses, 200 (two horses, and 400 (one horse. Antibodies to T. gondii were found in five (2.5% of 200 horses in titers of 50 (three horses, 200 (one horse, and 400 (one horse. One animal showed antibody titers for both coccidian (titers of 200 for N. caninum e 400 for T. gondii. The pantaneiros horses were exposed to Neospora spp. and T. gondii.

  18. Hepatitis B Virus infection in HIV-positive population in Brazil: results of a survey in the state of Mato Grosso and a comparative analysis with other regions of Brazil

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    de Azevedo e Silva Vergínia

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background End-stage liver disease is currently a major concern among HIV-positive individuals due to co-infection with hepatotropic virus. Hepatitis C has been pointed out as a remarkable factor for that. More recently, hepatitis B virus (HBV infection has also been found to play a role on liver disease in this population. HIV-HBV co-infection prevalence remains largely unknown in vast areas of Brazil. The objective of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of HBV and HDV infection in HIV-infected subjects living in the state of Mato Grosso, in the Central region of Brazil, and compare it to other Brazilian studies. We also assess epidemiologic data regarding risk factors and vaccinal status. Methods HIV-positive individuals followed at the Central Laboratory of the Department of Public Health of Mato Grosso in the city of Cuiabá composed the sample. Participants answered a specific questionnaire and had a blood sample taken and tested for serologic markers. Results A thousand individuals were interviewed and tested for HBsAg, anti-HBc, anti-HBs and anti-HDV if positive for HBsAg. Measurements of CD4 and viral load for HIV-1 were also performed. Overall prevalence of HBV exposure (anti-HBc +ve was 40.0%, and 3.7% for HBsAg. This prevalence data was similar or slightly lower than for other Brazilian regions, which ranged from 40% and 3% to 71% and 24%, respectively. Testing for anti-HDV in the 37 HBsAg positive patients was positive in only one subject. Factors that showed independent association with HBV exposure, after adjustment, were: male gender, older age groups, tattooing, and reporting more than ten sexual partners throughout life (p Conclusion Our data showed HBV infection prevalence similar or slightly lower than that reported in other regions of Brazil. In addition, our data revealed a less important role for drug injection in the spread of HIV and HBV in Mato Grosso compared to other regions of the country. The

  19. Polioencefalomalacia em bovinos nos estados de Mato Grosso do Sul e São Paulo Polioencephalomalacia in cattle in the states of Mato Grosso do Sul and São Paulo

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    Luciano Nakazato

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Trinta focos de polioencefalomalacia (PEM foram diagnosticados no período de agosto de 1993 a outubro de 1997. Vinte e nove focos ocorreram no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul (MS e um no estado de São Paulo (SP. Foram afetados bovinos de 4 a 84 meses de idade. A morbidade dos rebanhos afetados variou de 0,02% a 14,28% e a letalidade de 42,5% a 100%. A doença não apresentou uma sazonalidade e ocorreu em vários municípios do MS. Em todos os focos estudados os animais afetados eram criados em regimes de criação extensiva, com exceção de um foco. Os sinais clínicos observados foram exclusivamente nervosos e a evolução dos casos variou de 12 horas a 4 dias. A maioria dos animais tratados com tiamina e dexametasona recuperou-se. Histologicamente, as lesões consistiam de necrose laminar do córtex cerebral. Adicionalmente em 2 casos observaram-se hemorragias submeningeanas e corticais, e em 9 casos presença de infiltrado de eosinófilos. A dosagem de sódio no líquor apresentou-se elevada em um caso. A etiologia da PEM não está esclarecida, porém em alguns casos a intoxicação por cloreto de sódio/privação de água pode estar envolvida na etiologia da enfermidade. A PEM representa 4,78% dos casos de enfermidades de bovinos diagnosticadas no Laboratório de Anatomia Patológica da UFMS. Com bases nos resultados, verifica-se a importância da enfermidade no diagnóstico diferencial de outras doenças com quadro clínico neurológico no MS, principalmente a raiva, a meningoencefalite por herpesvírus bovino tipo 5 (HVB-5 e o botulismo.Thirty outbreaks of polioencephalomalacia (PEM were diagnosed from August 1993 to October 1997. Twenty nine occurred in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul and one in São Paulo. The disease affected cattle from 4 months to 7 years of age. Morbidity rates ranged from 0.02% to 14.28% and case fatalities from 42.5 % to 100%. The disease was not seasonal. All outbreaks occurred in cattle grazing Brachiaria spp

  20. Estudo de biomassa de Tectona grandis L.f. sob diferentes espaçamentos no Estado de Mato Grosso Biomass study of Tectona grandis L.f. under different spacing conditions in the north of Mato Grosso State

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    Eliazel Vieira Rondon

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho, conduzido no Município de Sinop, Estado de Mato Grosso, teve por objetivo avaliar a circunferência, a altura total e a produção de biomassa de plantas de Tectona grandis, em diferentes densidades populacionais, obtidas com diferentes espaçamentos e arranjos de plantio. Foram avaliados os espaçamentos de 3x2 m, 3x3 m, 4x3 m, 4x4 m, 5x3 m, 5x4 m e 5x5 m, com densidades populacionais que variaram de 400 a 1.666 plantas por hectare. Selecionaram-se três árvores por tratamento, constituindo a individualização dos componentes folhas, galhos e tronco. O experimento teve duração de 76 meses. O aumento da densidade populacional promoveu diminuição na circunferência das plantas de teca, enquanto a altura permaneceu constante. No espaçamento mais denso, a produção de biomassa total da parte aérea teve aumento nas plantas de tectona grandis, concentrando-se principalmente no tronco da árvore.This work was carried out in the municipality of Sinop, State of Mato Grosso with the objective of evaluating the circumference, total height and biomass production of Tectona grandis plants, in different population densities, obtained with different spacings and planting arrangements. The spacings 3x2 m, 3x3 m, 4x3 m, 4x4 m, 5x3 m, 5x4 m and 5x5 m, were evaluated with the population density varying from 400 to 1.666 plants / hectare. Three trees were selected per treatment, with the individualization consisted of leaves, branches and trunk components. The experiment lasted for 76 months. The increase in population density caused a decrease in teak tree circumference, whereas the height was constant. There was increase in total biomass production of the aerial part of the Tectona grandis plants in the denser spacings, concentrated mainly in the tree trunk.

  1. Soroprevalência de anticorpos anti-Ehrlichia canis em cães de Cuiabá, Mato Grosso Seroprevalence anti-Ehrlichia canis antibodies in dogs of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso

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    José Nivaldo da Silva

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A erliquiose canina é uma doença transmitida por carrapatos Rhipicephalus sanguineus e ocasionada pela Ehrlichia canis, bactéria intracelular obrigatória. O presente estudo verificou a prevalência de anticorpos anti-E. canis em 254 cães de quatro regiões administrativas de Cuiabá, Estado de Mato Grosso, por imunofluorescência indireta, observando-se uma prevalência de 42,5% (108/254 sem diferença significativa entre as regiões. As variáveis idade, raça, sexo, hábitat, acesso à zona rural e presença de carrapatos foram analisadas. Os títulos de anticorpos variaram entre 1:40 a 1:2.560. Somente 32 (29,63% cães soropositivos estavam infestados por carrapatos, todos R. sanguineus. O resultado encontrado confirma que não há predisposição racial, sexual ou etária, enquanto a menor ocorrência de cães reagentes no intradomicílio provavelmente está relacionada à baixa infestação por carrapato, apesar de não ter sido observada diferença significativa entre os cães com ou sem a infestação com o carrapato vetor.Canine ehrlichiosis is a disease transmitted by ticks Rhipicephalus sanguineus and caused by Ehrlichia canis, obligatory intracellular bacteria. The present study examined the prevalence of anti-E. canis in 254 dogs from four administrative regions of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, by indirect immunofluorescence assay. There was a prevalence of 42.5% (108/254 without significant difference between the studied regions. The variables age, breed, sex, habitat, access to rural and ticks were analyzed. The antibody titers ranged from 1:40 to 1:2,560. Only 32 (29.63% seropositive dogs were infested with ticks, all R. sanguineus. The results confirm that do not have breed, sex or age predisposition to ehrlichiosis due E. canis, while the lowest occurrence of reactive dogs indoors probably related to low tick infestation, although no significant difference between dogs with or without infestation with the tick vector.

  2. Insecticide susceptibility of horn flies, Haematobia irritans (Diptera: Muscidae, in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil Suscetibilidade da mosca-dos-chifres, Haematobia irritans (Diptera: Muscidae, a inseticidas no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Antonio Thadeu M. Barros

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Horn fly susceptibility to insecticides was evaluated in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, from October 2000 to September 2002. Insecticide bioassays (n=57 were conducted in 38 ranches from 14 municipalities throughout the state. Horn flies from wild populations were collected on cattle and exposed to filter papers impregnated with cypermethrin, permethrin, or diazinon and mortality was assessed after two hours. Resistance to cypermethrin was detected in all populations, with resistance ratios (RR ranging from 27.6 to 91.3-fold. Permethrin bioassays provided apparently low levels of resistance (RRA suscetibilidade da mosca-dos-chifres a inseticidas foi avaliada no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul de outubro/2000 a setembro/2002 com a realização dos ensaios biológicos (n=57 em 38 propriedades, de 14 municípios. Moscas coletadas em bovinos foram expostas a papéis de filtro impregnados com cipermetrina, permetrina, ou diazinon, registrando-se a mortalidade após duas horas. Resistência à cipermetrina foi detectada em todas as populações, com fatores de resistência (FR entre 27,6 e 91,3. Ensaios biológicos com permetrina resultaram em níveis de resistência aparentemente baixos (FR<5, entretanto, o uso de concentrações diagnósticas evidenciaram a ocorrência de moscas resistentes em 96,9% das populações. Considerando ambos os bioensaios com piretróides, 97,4% das populações apresentaram resistência. De outro modo, todas as populações demonstraram elevada suscetibilidade ao diazinon (FR < 1.1. Todas as propriedades onde o controle da mosca-dos-chifres era realizado (97,5% utilizavam produtos piretróides, principalmente à base de cipermetrina (92,3% e deltametrina (66,7%. Tratamentos inseticidas utilizando bombas costais manuais eram realizados em 84,5% das propriedades, geralmente de forma inadequada. O perfil de uso de inseticidas nas propriedades contribui para explicar a ampla ocorrência de resistência da mosca

  3. Avaliação da leishmaniose visceral canina em Poxoréo, Estado do Mato Grosso, Brazil Canine visceral leishmaniasis evaluation in Poxoréo, Mato Grosso State, Brazil

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    Márcia Ávila A. de Azevedo

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O cão doméstico desempenha importante papel como reservatório na transmissão da leishmaniose visceral ao homem, zoonose de grande importância em saúde pública. Realizou-se avaliação epidemiológica da leishmaniose visceral em 1.112 cães domiciliados no município de Poxoréo, estado do Mato Grosso e observou-se prevalência de 7,8%. Observou-se ainda associação estatisticamente significativa entre a prevalência de leishmaniose visceral canina e as variáveis faixa etária, presença de sinais clínicos e presença de outra espécie animal co-habitando com os cães avaliados, tendo sido as galinhas mais freqüentemente observadas entre os animais soropositivos. O sexo, a coleta de lixo domiciliar bem como a renda familiar não apresentaram associação estatisticamente significativa com a prevalência da leishmaniose visceral canina. A análise dos resultados sugere que cães com idade superior a sete anos e a , presença de outra espécie animal co-habitando com os cães podem ser fatores de risco para a leishmaniose visceral canina.Dogs play an important role as reservoir in the domestic cycle of visceral leishmaniasis, a serious public health problem. An epidemiological survey in 1,112 dogs was conducted at the Municipality of Poxoréo State of Mato Grosso, Brazil, using indirect immunofluorescence antibody test where the prevalence was 7.8%. Significant association was found between prevalence of canine visceral leishmaniasis and age of the dogs. Clinical signs and presence of other animals in the backyard, like chicken being more likely associated with seropositivity. Gender, garbage collection in the residence and family financial income were not associated with visceral leishmaniasis prevalence. Analysis of the results suggests that dogs aging more than 7 years and presence of another animal species co-inhabiting with the dogs may be risk factors for canine visceral leishmaniasis.

  4. Epidemiologia do câncer de boca em laboratório público do Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil Oral cancer epidemiology in a public laboratory in Mato Grosso State, Brazil

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    Fabiano Tonaco Borges

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a epidemiologia do câncer de boca, dos casos diagnosticados pelo laboratório público do Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil, após a instituição da política de atenção às doenças da boca e da face do estado. Trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico transversal. O objeto estudado foi o laudo histopatológico, pesquisando-se um total de 1.324 laudos emitidos entre janeiro de 2005 e dezembro 2006. Verificaram-se os casos de câncer de boca, o seu percentual em relação ao universo das lesões bucais e as seguintes variáveis: tipo histológico, sexo, idade e procedência dos pacientes (capital ou do interior. Após a análise dos dados verificaram-se 44 lesões de câncer de boca, representando 3% dos diagnósticos. O tipo histológico mais incidente foi o carcinoma epidermóide. A maioria dos diagnósticos foi referente aos homens na 5ª e 6ª décadas de vida residentes no interior do estado. Conclui-se com este estudo que em dois anos de funcionamento o serviço público de patologia bucal registrou um considerável número de casos de câncer de boca.This study analyzed oral cancer epidemiology based on histopathology reports from a public laboratory in Mato Grosso, Brazil, after a specific policy was implemented for treating oral and facial diseases in the State. This was a cross-sectional epidemiological study, based on 1,324 histopathology reports issued from January 2005 to December 2006. The study identified 44 cases of oral cancer, or 3% of all oral lesions, and analyzed them in relation to the following variables: histological type, gender, age, and patient's place of residence (capital versus rest of State. The most common histological type was squamous cell carcinoma. Most of the diagnoses occurred in men in their 50s and 60s living in the interior of the State. During two years in operation, this public oral pathology service had recorded a considerable number of oral cancer cases.

  5. Transversalidade de gênero e políticas sociais no orçamento do estado de Mato Grosso Gender transversality and social politics in the budget of Mato Grosso state

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    Rosângela Saldanha Pereira

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available As desigualdades existentes entre mulheres e homens no que se refere à qualidade de vida são patentes no Brasil e evidenciadas por indicadores socioeconômicos. Programas e ações governamentais concebidos e executados sem a adoção da perspectiva de gênero são um dos elementos que impedem a concretização do princípio de igualdade de oportunidades. A incorporação da transversalidade de gênero nas políticas públicas no Brasil é recente, assim como os estudos e a avaliação dos orçamentos públicos. Este artigo pretende contribuir para o avanço desse tema, discutindo e analisando a política social proposta no Plano Plurianual do governo de Mato Grosso à luz do enfoque transformador e da teoria feminista. Busca-se, também, refletir em que medida o governo local está observando o compromisso político assumido com o governo federal de enfrentar as desigualdades de gênero e de realizar a gestão transversal de políticas públicas, explicitadas no Plano Nacional de Políticas para as Mulheres.The incorporation of the perspective of gender in the public policies in Brazil is quite recent, being few the registry and analysis of the provincial and municipal experiences, in special, that concern the initiatives of formulation and management of public budgets. This article tries to contribute to the overcoming of this fault, discussing and analyzing the 2004-2007 Pluriannual Plan of the Government of Mato Grosso State, under the light of the transforming approach (Sen, 1998 and of the feminist theory. Another discussion is whether the government is incorporating the political commitment assumed by the federal government to face the gender inequalities and to make the cross-sectional management of its public policies, specified in the National Plan of Policies for the Women.

  6. Degradação do herbicida sulfentrazone em dois solos de Mato Grosso do Sul Degradation of sulfentrazone herbicide in two soils of Mato Grosso do Sul State

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    Camila S. Brum

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se este trabalho com o objetivo de avaliar a degradação do herbicida sulfentrazone em dois solos (Latossolo Vermelho Distroférrico típico e Neossolo Quartzarênico Órtico típico utilizados na cultura da cana-de-açúcar, em Mato Grosso do Sul, e avaliar também a influência da temperatura, umidade e profundidade na taxa de degradação. Os experimentos de degradação foram realizados utilizando-se solos incubados em diferentes condições de umidade (50 e 80% da capacidade de campo - CC, temperatura (30 e 40 ºC e profundidade (0-30 e 50-70 cm. Os resultados das concentrações remanescentes do sulfentrazone no solo foram, em função do tempo, ajustados aos modelos de cinética de primeira ordem (SFO e ao de cinética de primeira ordem para multicompartimentos (FOMC. O sulfentrazone foi menos persistente em condições de maior umidade (80% da CC, temperatura mais elevada (40 ºC e em horizontes superficiais do solo (0-30 cm. A degradação do sulfentrazone para a maioria das condições estudadas foi melhor descrita pelo modelo FOMC. Os valores de meia-vida para o sulfentrazone nas diferentes condições de umidade, temperatura e profundidades avaliadas, variaram de 34 a 116 dias.This study had the aim to evaluate sulfentrazone degradation in two soils (distroferric red Latossol and orthic quartzarenic Neosol used for sugarcane production in Mato Grosso do Sul State and also to evaluate the influence of temperature, moisture and soil depth in the sulfentrazone degradation rates. Experiments were carried out using incubated soils at different soil moistures (50 and 80% field capacity - FC, temperatures (30 and 40 ºC and depths (0-30 and 50-70 cm. Remaining sulfentrazone concentrations in soil as a function of time were adjusted to single first-order kinetics model (SFO and also to the first-order multi-compartment kinetic model (FOMC. Sulfentrazone was less persistent in conditions of high soil moisture (80% FC, high

  7. Flutuação populacional da cigarrinha-do-milho em duas localidades do Mato Grosso do Sul Population fluctuation of leafhopper of corn in two localities of Mato Grosso do Sul State

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    Crébio José Ávila

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available A cigarrinha-do-milho, Dalbulus maidis (DeLong & Wolcott, 1923 (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae, é considerada uma das pragas mais importantes da cultura por causar danos devido à sucção de seiva e pela transmissão de patógenos às plantas. Este trabalho teve como objetivo conhecer a flutuação populacional de D. maidis em duas localidades do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. Cartões adesivos amarelos de dupla face (7 x 12cm foram instalados, a cada quinze dias, em suportes de madeira a 0,50 e 1,50m acima do nível do solo, em áreas cultivadas com milho em Dourados e Ponta Porã, MS, permanecendo no campo por sete dias. O mesmo tipo de armadilha foi também instalado em uma área de gramado do município de Dourados, onde não se cultivava milho nas proximidades. Foram constatados dois picos populacionais da cigarrinha nas áreas de monitoramento, sendo um observado no período seco da entressafra de milho (julho a setembro e outro no verão (dezembro a janeiro. As armadilhas adesivas instaladas na altura de 0,50m capturaram significativamente um maior número de cigarrinhas do que a 1,5m, considerando-se todas as amostragens realizadas nos dois anos.The leafhopper of corn, Dalbulus maidis (DeLong & Wolcott, 1923 (Hemiptera: Cicadelidae, is considered one of the main corn pest due to its damage of sap suction and disease transmission to plants. This work had the aim to get information about population fluctuation of D. maidis in the Southern region of Mato Grosso do Sul State. Yellow stick cards of double side (7 by 12cm were installed fortnightly on a wood frame of 0.5m and 1.5 above soil surface within areas cultivated with corn in Dourados and Ponta Porã, MS and stayed in the area for seven days. The same kind of traps was also installed in a grass-plot of Dourados, MS without corn crop nearby. Two peaks of leafhopper were observed being one during the dry period (the period without corn in the field - between July and September and the other

  8. Intensidade-duração-frequência de chuvas para o Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul Intensity-duration-frequency of rainfall for the State of Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Glenio G. Santos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A ausência de equações de chuvas intensas para o Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul e a necessidade de maior segurança na elaboração de projetos e dimensionamento de obras hidráulicas, foram o alicerce para, com este estudo, se obtivessem e espacializassem as relações de intensidade, duração e frequência de precipitações para o Estado. Utilizou-se, então, da metodologia da desagregação da chuva de 24 h e se utilizaram dados pluviométricos consistidos de 109 estações disponíveis no banco de dados da Agência Nacional de Águas. As equações de chuvas intensas apresentaram bom ajuste, com coeficientes de determinação acima de 0,99 para todas as localidades estudadas. Os parâmetros ajustados apresentaram alta variabilidade resultando em grandes diferenças nos valores de precipitações intensas esperadas para as diferentes localidades. A espacialização permitiu boa visualização das diferenças evidenciando maiores intensidades esperadas na região centro-norte e as menores intensidades nas regiões sudeste e sudoeste do Estado. Os resultados demonstram a importância da obtenção da equação de intensidade-duração-frequência para cada localidade e sua utilização para a realização de estudos e projetos hidráulicos.Rain intensity data are necessary to increase security of hydraulic projects. The objective of this study was to determine the rain storm equations and the spatial distribution of rain intensity for the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The equations were obtained by disaggregation of 24 h rain data from 109 pluviometric stations available in the National Water Agency (ANA data bank. These equations resulted in coefficients of determination above 0,99 for all localities. The adjusted parameters showed high variability, resulting from different rain intensities in different places of the State. The interpolation of data allowed good visualization of the differences, evidencing higher intensities of rains

  9. Nutrição e saúde infantil em uma comunidade indígena Teréna, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Child health and nutrition in a Teréna indigenous community, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Dulce Lopes Barboza Ribas

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho descreve as condições de saúde e nutrição de crianças indígenas Teréna, caracterizando o estado nutricional infantil, o consumo de alimentos, as condições sócio-econômicas e ambientais. Foi estudada uma amostra de 100 crianças de 0 a 59 meses, residentes na Aldeia Córrego do Meio, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. As prevalências de déficits nutricionais determinadas foram de 8,0% para o índice peso-para-idade, de 16% para o índice estatura-para-idade e, para obesidade, de 5%. A proporção de retardo do crescimento observada é superior à encontrada na população brasileira como um todo, provavelmente por refletir as precárias condições sócio-econômicas, ambientais e de saúde em que vive esta comunidade Teréna. A análise da adequação percentual média dos nutrientes que compõem a dieta infantil indicou o não atendimento às recomendações nutricionais nas diferentes faixas etárias. Novos estudos de caráter multidisciplinar e longitudinal são necessários para melhor entendimento dos processos identificados.This paper describes the health and nutritional situation of South American Indian children from a Teréna community, characterizing their nutritional status, food consumption, and socioeconomic and environmental conditions. The sample included 100 children, ranging from 0 to 59 months of age and living in Aldeia Córrego do Meio, Mato Grosso do Sul. Prevailing nutritional deficits were: 8.0% for the weight-for-age index, 16.0% for height-for-age, and 5.0% for weight-for-height. The growth deficit rate was higher than that of the Brazilian population as a whole, probably reflecting the precarious socioeconomic, environmental, and health conditions in this Teréna community. Analysis of the average nutrient sufficiency in the infant diet showed that nutritional recommendations for the different groups were not complied with. New studies, characterized as transdisciplinary and longitudinal, are necessary

  10. Asymptomatic infection in family contacts of patients with human visceral leishmaniasis in Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil Infecção assintomática em contactantes de pacientes com leishmaniose visceral humana em Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Ana Lúcia Lyrio de Oliveira

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian city of Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul State, has experienced an urban outbreak of visceral leishmaniasis since 2000. In 2002, due to the increase in the number of cases, 46 families with cases of visceral leishmaniasis were studied to verify the prevalence of asymptomatic infection in household contacts. Indirect immunofluorescence and ELISA showed a 36.4% positive infection rate. There were no cases of symptomatic disease among these contacts. There was no statistically significant difference in gender or age. Median age was 21 years, and the 10-19-year age bracket was the most heavily affected (23%. As for family characteristics, no differences were observed in schooling or family income; most families (58.7% owned their homes, which were built of masonry (97.8% and had adequate infrastructure. All the families reported what were probably phlebotomine sand flies in the peridomicile. In conclusion, asymptomatic visceral leishmaniasis infection is frequent and occurs in both males and females, regardless of age.O Município de Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, foi alvo de uma epidemia de leishmaniose visceral a partir de 2000. Em 2002, devido ao incremento de casos, estudou-se 46 famílias que apresentavam um caso de doença para verificar-se o percentual de positividade de infecção assintomática por leishmaniose visceral em contactantes. Encontrou-se 36,4% de positividade pelos testes sorológicos Reação de Imunofluorescência Indireta e/ou imunoenzimático ELISA, sem diferença estatisticamente significativa quanto ao sexo e faixa etária. A mediana de idade foi de 21 anos, sendo a faixa etária mais acometida de 10 a 19 anos (23%. Quanto às características familiares não observaram-se diferenças quanto ao nível de instrução e renda familiar; a moradia, em sua maioria, era própria (58,7%, em alvenaria (97,8%, com infra-estrutura adequada. Todas as famílias relataram a presença de provável flebotom

  11. Características clínicas e epidemiológicas de 20 pacientes portadores de esclerose múltipla acompanhados em Cuiabá - Mato Grosso Clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of 20 patients with multiple sclerosis in Cuiabá - Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Anderson Kuntz Grzesiuk

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available A esclerose múltipla é uma doença imunomediada do sistema nervoso central com ampla variação nos seus aspectos clínicos. No Brasil, aspectos étnicos e demográficos demonstram estas variações, como observado em várias casuísticas brasileiras. O presente estudo retrospectivo consta da análise descritiva dos aspectos clínicos e epidemiológicos de 20 casos de esclerose múltipla acompanhados em Cuiabá, cidade situada na região centro-oeste do Brasil. Os pacientes foram diagnosticados no período entre 1998 e 2005 no ambulatório de Neurologia do CRIDAC. Houve predomínio no sexo feminino (75%, sendo observada significativa incidência sobre a etnia negra (20%. A média do EDSS inicial/final foi 1,85/3,9. A forma evolutiva mais comum foi a remitente-recorrente (75%, com 55% do total de pacientes sendo naturais de Mato Grosso. Os sintomas piramidais (90%, cerebelares (60% e visuais (25% foram os mais freqüentemente observados. Todos os pacientes estavam em uso de imunomoduladores ou imunossupressores.Multiple sclerosis is an acquired immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system that show a widely variation of clinical aspects. In Brazil, demographic and ethnical aspects show these variations as has been demonstrated by many Brazilian papers. This retrospective study evaluated epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 20 multiple sclerosis patients followed in Cuiaba, situated on Brazil middle west region. The patients were classified followed at Neurology Ambulatory of CRIDAC from 1998 to 2005. The data show a 3:1 female/male ratio and that 20% of patients were from black origin. EDSS medium range was 3.9; 55% of patients were born in Mato Grosso State. The most common symptoms were pyramidal (90%, cerebellar (60% and visual (25%. All patients were on immunomodulatory or immunosupressive treatment.

  12. POPULATION FLUCTUATION OF Empoasca sp. (HEMIPTERA: CICADELLIDAE IN A PHYSIC NUT CROP IN MATO GROSSO DO SUL

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    Denisar Paggioli de Carvalho

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTPhysic nut (Jatropha curcas L. is an oilseed, semi-evergreen shrub or small tree of the Euphorbiaceae family, whose seeds contain oil that can be processed into a high quality biofuel. However, there have been reports of arthropods feeding from its leaves, including the green leafhopper Empoasca sp. (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae. The large numbers of this insect, observed in certain periods of the year in many regions of Brazil, are causing damage to the oilseed crops. This study aims at evaluating the fluctuation in green leafhopper population in a physic nut crop in Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, to assess possible correlations with rainfall, maximum, average and minimum temperatures. This evaluation was conducted between March 2011 and July 2012. The largest Empoasca sp. populations were recorded in May and June, 2011, and between February and May, 2012. No significant correlation was observed between the weather parameters analyzed and the fluctuation in the Hemiptera population, but there was a trend toward higher population density during the warmer and rainier months.RESUMENEl piñón manso (Jatropha curcas L. es una oleaginosa de la familia Euphorbiaceae que se destaca por la producción de semillas cuyo aceite tiene características deseables para la producción de biocombustibles. Sin embargo, hay informes de algunos artrópodos que usan la planta como fuente de alimento, incluyendo la cigarrita verde Empoasca sp. (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae. La alta incidencia de este insecto se comprueba en varias regiones del Brasil, en ciertas épocas del año, causando lesiones a esta oleaginosa. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la fluctuación de la cigarrita verde en una plantación de piñón manso en Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, y la búsqueda de posibles correlaciones con las precipitaciones y las temperaturas máximas, medias y mínimas. Esta evaluación se realizó entre los meses de marzo 2011 hasta julio 2012. Poblaciones mayores

  13. Juruena local healers and the plants and verbal blessings they use for healing in Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Márcia Regina Antunes Maciel

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Quack benediction has been used in Europe since the middle ages to treat lots of illness. In Brazil the bezendores appeared during the XVII century and interpretation of their knowledge, traditional use and management of plant resources are commonly addressed in ethnobotanical studies. Braziliam bezendores prescribe plants that can be used as medicine or as an amulet for personal protection. This use of plant material are present in the national popular culture. The present study was carried out at the municipality of Juruena, in Mato Grosso state, and it aimed to understand the importance of benzedeiras, to identify the plants used by them and how they are prescribed and manipulated. To reach the objectives we used techniques of participant-observation, semi-structured interviews and intentional samples. Additionally botanical material were collected and is deposited in the UFMT Herbarium. Four benzedeiras were interviewed between Septembrer/2002 and November of 2003 and they revealed an expressive botanical knowledge relating to quack benediction. They can benzer, prepare and prescribe teas, bottle preparative, medicinal baths and unguents. The illness cited by the benzedeiras was grouped as physical (for example, toothache, bellyache, and spiritual. A total of 87 ethno-species was mentioned arranged in 31 botanical families and between them it is important to pointing out erva-de-Santa-Maria (Chenopodium ambrosioides L., chapéu-de-couro (Echinodorus macrophyllus Miq., quina-do-mato (Strychnos sp., ipê-roxo (Tabebuia heptaphylla (Vell. Toledo, arruda (Ruta graveolens L., guiné (Petiveria alliacea L., comigo-ninguém-pode (Dieffenbachia picta L.. The popular medicine practiced by bezendeiras meets the necessities of people that is looking for the cure for its own problems. Values and cultural heritage are inserted in the "benzimento" and this culture is alive at Juruena.

  14. Phenology of Cornops aquaticum (Bruner) (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in Eichhornia azurea (Pontederiaceae) in the northern region of pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil; Fenologia de Cornops aquaticum (Bruner) (Orthoptera: Acrididae) em Eichhornia azurea (Pontederiaceae) no norte do pantanal de Mato Grosso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Fatima R.J da; Marques, Marinez I., E-mail: fateca@gmail.com.b, E-mail: marinez@ufmt.b [Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT), Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Programa de Pos-graduacao em Ecologia e Conservacao da Biodiversidade; Battirola, Leandro D., E-mail: ldbattirola@uol.com.b [Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT), Sinop, MT (Brazil). Inst. de Ciencias Naturais, Humanas e Sociais; Lhano, Marcos G., E-mail: marcos@ufrb.edu.b [Universidade Federal do Reconcavo da Bahia, Cruz das Almas, BA (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias Agrarias, Ambientais e Biologicas

    2010-07-15

    Cornops aquaticum (Bruner) has Eichhornia crassipes, E. azurea, Pontederia cordata and P. lanceolata (Pontederiaceae) as the known host plants. This grasshopper species is cited as a possible agent of biological control for native aquatic macrophytes E. azurea and E. crassipes. This study, carried out from March, 2006 to February, 2007, aimed to evaluate the phenology and age structure of the population of C. aquaticum associated with E. azurea in Piuval bay, Pantanal of Pocone, MT, and to identify possible relationships of its life cycle to abiotic factors such as insolation, temperature and precipitation. Monthly collections of 50 individuals were carried out according to the protocol defined by the - Host - Insect Coevolution on Waterhyacinth - project. Adults and nymphs were separated and the females dissected in order to evaluate ovary maturation. The population presented adults and nymphs during the whole year, suggesting the occurrence of more than one reproductive period. The nymphs from the fi rst stage predominated in August 2006 and the adults in September and October 2006, synchronized with the dry period and beginning of the flooding period, respectively. The highest relative abundance of the females with mature ovaries occurred in July 2006 (50%), indicating that this may be a more propitious period for reproduction. The data suggest that C. aquaticum is a species in continual reproduction in Piuval bay and its cycle is associated with the environmental conditions guided by the flood pulse in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso. (author)

  15. Violência sexual contra adolescentes: notificações nos conselhos tutelares, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil La violencia sexual contra adolescentes: notificaciones en los consejos tutelares, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Sexual violence against adolescents: notifications filed in the child and adolescent protective services in the city of Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Lucyana Conceição Lemes Justino

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudo com o objetivo de verificar nos Conselhos Tutelares Norte e Sul do município de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, a ocorrência de notificações de violência sexual contra adolescentes em 2007 e 2008. Pesquisa descritiva quantitativa retrospectiva baseada em dados dos arquivos de notificações de violência sexual contra adolescentes. A maioria das vítimas era do sexo feminino. Houve prevalência da faixa etária de 10 a 14 anos, para ambos os sexos. Predominaram agressores masculinos. A maior parte dos atos de violência sexual notificados ocorreu em ambiente doméstico. A abordagem do profissional de saúde frente aos casos de violência sexual deve ser permeada por respeito para com a vítima e sua família. Para tanto, requer-se um atendimento acolhedor, que assegure a privacidade necessária para que o adolescente possa expressar os fatos e manifestar seus sentimentos.Estudio desarrollado con el objetivo de verificar la ocurrencia de notificaciones de violencia sexual contra adolescentes en 2007 y 2008 en los Consejos Tutelares Norte y Sur de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Investigación descriptiva cuantitativa retrospectiva con base en archivos de notificaciones de violencia sexual contra adolescentes. La mayoría de las víctimas era de sexo femenino. Se registró una prevalencia de grupo etario de 10 a 14 años para adolescentes del sexo femenino y del masculino. Predominaron agresores masculinos. La mayor parte de los actos de violencia sexual verificados ocurrió en el ambiente del hogar. El abordaje del profesional de la salud frente a los casos de violencia sexual debe estar imbuido de respeto para con la víctima y su familia. A tal fin, se hace necesaria una atención acogedora, que asegure la privacidad necesaria como para que el adolescente pueda expresarse acerca de lo sucedido y manifestar sus sentimientos.This study examines reports of sexual violence against adolescents in 2007 and 2008 made with the

  16. Equipes e condições de trabalho nos centros de atenção psicossocial em Mato Grosso Equipos y condiciones de trabajo en los centros de servicios de salud mental en Mato Grosso Work teams and conditions at the Mental Health Services in Mato Grosso

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    Larissa de Almeida Rézio

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available As condições de trabalho das equipes dos CAPS incidem na realização da atenção psicossocial, que pressupõe territorialidade, responsabilidade e vínculo terapêutico. Objetivo: caracterizamos as equipes e analisamos alguns condicionantes organizacionais e psicossociais para o desenvolvimento do trabalho nos CAPS I de dois municípios de Mato Grosso. Foi realizado um estudo descritivo e qualitativo em 2008, por meio de observação e entrevistas com 46 sujeitos (trabalhadores, gestores e usuários/familiares. A análise considerou a historicidade dos fenômenos sociais e o trabalho como categoria analítica. Os dados apontaram descontentamento dos trabalhadores e dos usuários relativo às condições de trabalho e atendimento, respectivamente. Entre os 18 profissionais de nível superior, quatro se especializaram ou estavam realizando especialização na área de saúde mental. Concluímos que neste contexto há pouca possibilidade de o trabalhador se perceber sujeito de seu trabalho e, consequentemente, ampliar a autonomia e reinserção social do usuário.Las condiciones de trabajo de los equipos del CAPS se centran en la aplicación de la atención psicosocial, que implica territorialidad, responsabilidad y vinculo terapéutico . Objetivo: Caracterizar y analizar algunas condiciones organizativas y psicosociales del equipo para el desarrollo de los trabajos en los CAPS I de dos municipios en Mato Grosso. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y cualitativo en 2008 a través de la observación y entrevistas con 46 sujetos (empleados, gestores y usuarios / familiares. El análisis determinó la historicidad de los fenómenos sociales y el trabajo como categoría analítica. Los datos revelaron la insatisfacción de los trabajadores y los usuarios sobre las condiciones de trabajo y atención, respectivamente. Entre los dieciocho profesionales de nivel superior, cuatro se especializaron o estaban haciendo una especialización en la área de la

  17. Da pesca ao natural: trajetória do turismo em Mato Grosso do Sul (1970 a 2015

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    Fábio Luciano Violin

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available O objeto de análise deste estudo é a trajetória do turismo em Mato Grosso do Sul, entre os anos 1970 e 2015, tendo como principais objetivos a descrição histórica da trajetória do turismo no estado e os gatilhos de alteração do foco das atividades de pesca para a oferta de atrativos vinculados ao turismo em meio natural. Tal empreitada tomou forma por meio do apoio de fontes secundárias, documentos e registros institucionais, além de observações in loco, registros fotográficos e entrevistas semiestruturadas com turistas e moradores. Diante das análises, é possível constatar que as políticas públicas, aliadas aos investimentos da iniciativa privada, alteraram de modo substancial as características do turismo no estado, bem como sua natureza e localidades de expansão. O ecoturismo, representante da nova fase do turismo no estado, apresenta-se profundamente marcado pela preocupação comercial de forma a desconsiderar as singularidades culturais locais e o meio ambiente. Conclui-se que a ação expressa do setor público e os investimentos em estrutura, tanto privados quanto públicos, alteraram de modo substancial a natureza do desenvolvimento turístico no estado.

  18. DECREASING PREVALENCE OF THE ACUTE/SUBACUTE CLINICAL FORM OF PARACOCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS IN MATO GROSSO DO SUL STATE, BRAZIL

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    Larissa Rodrigues Fabris

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available With the objective to evaluate the behavior of paracoccidioidomycosis in the last three decades, clinical and epidemiological data of 595 patients admitted to clinical services of the Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul from 1980 to 2009 were investigated. Gender, age distribution, clinical form, comorbidity with tuberculosis or AIDS, and mortality were compared by decades of clinical admission. It was shown that during the three decades there was a decrease in women percentage, and the same manner occurred a reduction in participants in the age group of 20 to 39 years. Moreover, the acute/subacute forms have been diminished in the period. These fluctuations are closely related and can be simultaneously analyzed. Increased AIDS co-infection prevalence from the first to the second decade was also revealed, coinciding with the appearance of the retroviral epidemic and stabilizing during the third decade. No change in the tuberculosis co-infection rate was observed (overall = 6.9%. It reinforces the importance of this co-morbidity. The overall mortality rate remained steady at 6.7%, not varying significantly from one decade to another. The persistent mortality rate calls attention to the importance of this neglected disease.

  19. Temporal and spatial variation of the limnological characteristics of a lotic ecosystem in the Cerrado of Mato Grosso.

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    Amintas Nazareth Rossete

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to characterize a stream in the area of Cerrado of Mato Grosso according to limnological characteristics during an annual cycle and to assess its relationship with the hydrological regime and anthropogenic changes of the adjacent land system. Two collection points in the stream were selected which passed through the Parque do Bacaba in addition to two other in areas of anthropogenic influence, mainly cattle-raising activity. Data collection was performed bimonthly in downstream order, from September 2001 to August 2002. At the sampling sites, the water temperature, depth, water transparency, dissolved oxygen, pH, electric conductivity, suspended material and total stream discharge were verified. The spatial variations were more obvious than the temporal changes. The values of water transparency, suspended material, electric conductivity and dissolved oxygen showed the greatest variations. The lowest concentrations of dissolved oxygen in the stream were recorded in the dry period. Among the sampling sites, only the pH did not present any significant differences, and the other variables differed significantly between at least two sampling sites. Between the dry and rainy periods, only the depth of the water column and total stream discharge differed significantly.

  20. Vertical and time distribution of Diplopoda (Arthropoda: Myriapoda in a monodominant forest in Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Leandro D. Battirola

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study different sampling techniques for Diplopoda in soil, tree trunks and canopies were applied in an integrated way in the northern region of the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. This was done in order to assess the relationship within the fauna in each forest strata, as well as its richness and temporal distribution. In all these habitats there were a total of 1,354 diplopods, distributed in four taxonomic orders, with Polyxenida being predominant over Polydesmida, Spirostreptida and Spirobolida. The largest representation was found on the trunks of the Vochysia divergens (721 ind., intercepted by tree photoecletors, whereas in the canopies sampling reached only 65 specimens. In the edaphic stratum 568 diplopods were captured, most with the use of the Winkler extractor, followed by pitfall traps and soil photoecletors. In spite of being an important group in these environments, both in terms of richness and diversity, this was less than has been observed in other Neotropical areas. However, due to seasonal changes in the Pantanal the existence of a relationship between the soil and the tree fauna was found as well as different survival strategies observed during the flood period. Regarding vertical distribution, the greatest richness and variety of taxonomic groups was found in the forest's edaphic environment demonstrating its association mainly with this forest stratum.

  1. POPULATION FLUCTUATION OF Empoasca sp. (HEMIPTERA: CICADELLIDAE IN A PHYSIC NUT CROP IN MATO GROSSO DO SUL

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    Denisar Paggioli de CARVALHO

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El piñón manso (Jatropha curcas L. es una oleaginosa de la familia Euphorbiaceae que se destaca por la producción de semillas cuyo aceite tiene características deseables para la producción de biocombustibles. Sin embargo, hay informes de algunos artrópodos que usan la planta como fuente de alimento, incluyendo la cigarrita verde Empoasca sp. (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae. La alta incidencia de este insecto se comprueba en varias regiones del Brasil, en ciertas épocas del año, causando lesiones a esta oleaginosa. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la fluctuación de la cigarrita verde en una plantación de piñón manso en Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, y la búsqueda de posibles correlaciones con las precipitaciones y las temperaturas máximas, medias y mínimas. Esta evaluación se realizó entre los meses de marzo 2011 hasta julio 2012. Poblaciones mayores de Empoasca sp. se registraron en mayo y junio de 2011 y entre febrero y mayo de 2012. No hubo correlación entre los aspectos climáticos analizados y entre la fluctuación poblacional de los hemípteros, pero se observó una tendencia a una mayor densidad poblacional en los meses más cálidos y húmedos.

  2. IN VITRO EFFICACY OF COMMERCIAL ACARICIDES INDICATE RESISTANT POPULATIONS OF RHIPICEPHALUS (BOOPHILUS MICROPLUS IN NORTHERN REGION OF MATO GROSSO

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    C. Eckstein

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Ticks are responsible for high economic and production losses on cattle production, and the use of acaricides is the main form of control applied. In recent decades, the resistance of ticks to acaricides was exacerbated by incorrect use of products, compromising the effectiveness of treatments. This study aimed to determine in vitro effectiveness of commercial acaricides in six populations of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus in northern region of Mato Grosso. On average 100 engorged females were collected from each herd, which were selected and separated into homogeneous groups, sanitized, and immersed to acaricide diluted according to the manufacturer's statement, on sequence there was incubated. After the incubation was obtained from female reproductive efficiency and effectiveness of the tested acaricides. The association cypermethrin+ chlorpyrifos + citronellal showed satisfactory efficiency (> 95% in all the properties (mean 99.86% in properties, followed by trichlorfon (83.45%, amitraz (72.33%, neem oil (67.23% and cypermethrin (22.97%, which was not effective in any property. It indicates the use of the association cypermethrin +chlorpyrifos+ citronellal on evaluated properties for control of cattle tick effectively.

  3. SAND FLIES (DIPTERA: PSYCHODIDAE IN AN ENDEMIC AREA OF LEISHMANIASIS IN AQUIDAUANA MUNICIPALITY, PANTANAL OF MATO GROSSO DO SUL , BRAZIL

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    Helen Rezende de FIGUEIREDO

    Full Text Available SUMMARY The Aquidauana municipality is considered an endemic area of leishmaniasis and an important tourist site in Mato Grosso do Sul State. The aim of this study was to investigate the sand fly fauna in the city of Aquidauana. Captures were carried out twice a month, from April 2012 to March 2014 with automatic light traps and active aspiration, in the peridomicile and domicile of six residences. A total of 9,338 specimens were collected, 3,179 and 6,159 using light traps and active aspiration, respectively. The fauna consisted of: Brumptomyia brumpti, Evandromyia aldafalcaoae, Ev. evandroi, Ev. lenti, Ev. orcyi, Ev. sallesi, Ev. termitophila, Ev. walkeri, Lutzomyia longipalpis and Psathyromyia bigeniculata. The most abundant species captured was Lutzomyia longipalpis, present in all the ecotopes, predominantly in peridomicile areas, and mainly males. Leishmania DNA was not detected in the insects. It was observed the abundance of the sand fly fauna in the region, as well as the high frequency of Lu. longipalpis, the main vector of L. infantum. The results of this study show the need to increase the monitoring and more effective control measures. It is noteworthy that the studied region presents several activities related to tourism and recreation, increasing the risk of transmission of leishmaniasis to this particular human population.

  4. Waste management in three public hospitals of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil - doi:10.5020/18061230.2010.p221

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    Keila Tivirolli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To assess the management of health service waste generated in three public hospitals of Mato Grosso do Sul (Brazil, including qualitative and quantitative parameters. Methods: This was an observational and descriptive study. We assessed the waste management in two large public hospitals (HG1, 240 hospital beds and HG2, 343 beds and in a small sized one (HP, 35 hospital beds. The data were collected in situ, by direct observation of the procedures for waste management and by quantifying the mass of waste generated by working sector in the three hospitals. Results: The study revealed that the internal management of waste generated in the three health care unities was not adequate, and that their workers were not trained on the proper management of waste and the use of personal protective equipment. The average rates of waste generation determined in HG1, HG2 and HP were, respectively, 4.7, 4.8 and 2.4 Kg.hospital bed-1.day-1, that fit the range of values reported in the literature. Conclusion: The detected inadequacies directly put at risk the health of workers and others who attend the three assessed hospitals and the outside comunity, which may be exposed to pathogens or toxic agents present in such waste.

  5. A Resiliência em Assentamentos Rurais: uma experiência na região norte de Mato Grosso

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    Alexandre de Azevedo Olival Olival

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo principal adaptar a metodologia de avaliação de resiliência como ferramenta para o planejamento estratégico e operacional do Instituto Ouro Verde (IOV, organização não governamental que atua apoiando grupos e agricultores de base familiar na região norte de Mato Grosso. O trabalho foi desenvolvido em quatro etapas, a saber: caracterização do modo de produção familiar, caracterização dos grupos envolvidos com o IOV, construção de cenários futuros para a agricultura de base familiar e definição de estratégias em diferentes escalas para ação da instituição. Os resultados apontaram para a caracterização do modo de produção familiar a partir de quatro dimensões: matriz produtiva, organização do trabalho, percepção do papel da terra e organização social, identificando a variedade existente dentro do segmento de agricultura familiar. A partir dessa diversidade, foram definidas as ações em diferentes escalas para o fortalecimento dos atributos considerados essenciais para esses agricultores.

  6. Validation of the EROSION 3D model on micro-catchment scale in Mato Grosso/Brazil

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    Schultze, Nico; Schindewolf, Marcus; Lamparter, Gabriele; Nóbrega, Rodolfo; Amorim, Ricardo S. S.; Schmidt, Jürgen

    2015-04-01

    Accelerated land use changes in Mato Grosso caused soil degradation and contamination of water resources. Soil erosion models are increasingly being used, in order to simulate the involved physical processes and to predict the effects of soil erosion control measures. In this regard the process based EROSION 3D soil loss simulation model could be applied in the region. A comprehensive application on regional scale demands proofed model qualities on smaller scales. The paper aims on calibration and validation of surface runoff and related sediment losses by water erosion for a gauged cropland micro-catchment, which is representative for study area. Model parameterization was performed by own soil analysis, artificial rainfall simulations and observations. Temporal discrete soil parameter sets were interpolated continuously on the yearly course by applying planting dates, harvesting dates and phenological plant cover changes as fundamentals. Discharge hydrographs were calibrated successfully and verified for several rainfall events. Calculated sediment losses exceed observed results by two orders of magnitude. Since the model was validated on plot scale and erosion-deposition pattern were tested on plausibility, the only acceptable conclusion are insufficiently measured sediment concentrations. Further investigation should focus on water sampling and calibration of turbidity probes under local conditions. However, we assume that our results are sufficient to increase the scale of model application in order to describe status quo scenarios and effects of land use and climate change in the region.

  7. ESTIMATE OF CO2 EFFLUX OF SOIL, OF A TRANSITION FOREST IN NORTHWEST OF MATO GROSSO STATE, USING MULTIPLE REGRESSION

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    Carla Maria Abido Valentini

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Many research groups have being studying the contribution of tropical forests to the global carbon cycle, and theclimatic consequences of substituting the forests for pastures. Considering that soil CO2 efflux is the greater component of the carboncycle of the biosphere, this work found an equation for estimating the soil CO2 efflux of an area of the Transition Forest, using a modelof multiple regression for time series data of temperature and soil moisture. The study was carried out in the northwest of MatoGrosso, Brazil (11°24.75’S; 55°19.50’W, in a transition forest between cerrado and AmazonForest, 50 km far from Sinop county.Each month, throughout one year, it was measured soil CO2 efflux, temperature and soil moisture. The annual average of soil CO2 efflux was 7.5 ± 0.6 (mean ± SE ì mol m-2 s-1, the annual mean soil temperature was 25,06 ± 0.12 (mean ± SE ºC. The study indicatedthat the humidity had high influence on soil CO2 efflux; however the results were more significant using a multiple regression modelthat estimated the logarithm of soil CO2 efflux, considering time, soil moisture and the interaction between time duration and theinverse of soil temperature. .

  8. Entomologic perception by teachers and students in the municipality of Santa Cruz do Xingu, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Emanuel Maia

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to identify and interpret the entomologic perception of students and teachers living in the Santa Cruz do Xingu, Médio Araguaia region. Semistructured interviews were carried out in December 2006 with students and teachers of the basic and intermediate levels, as well as in Youth and Adult Education, in the municipality of Santa Cruz do Xingu, Mato Grosso. Of the living beings perceived as “insects” by all the interviewees, 82.75% belonged to the Insecta Class, but the rest belonged either to the Fungi Kingdom or to Classes of Animalia (Amphibia, Arachnida, Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Gastropoda, Mammalia and Reptilia. The “insects” were defined by the interviewees as small bugs, which were disgusting and dangerous. When in contact with the “insects”, 76% of the interviewees admitted that they killed them, and the greatest reason given for this was the psychological damage caused by the presence of these animals (65%. To 78% of those interviewed, the “insects” were beings without positive importance. Due to the scarce knowledge about their positive aspects, the perception of the “insects” by the students and teachers living in the Santa Cruz do Xingu region is mainly related to their belief in the negative qualities of these animals, causing aggressive reactions against them as soon as they are perceived in the environment.

  9. ASPECTS OF THE SILVOPASTORAL SYSTEM CORRELATED WITH PROPERTIES OF A TYPIC QUARTZIPSAMMENT (ENTISOL IN MATO GROSSO DO SUL, BRAZIL

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    Adriany Rodrigues Corrêa

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In Brazil, grazing mismanagement may lead to soil and pasture degradation. To impede this process, integrated cropping systems such as silvopasture have been an effective alternative, allied with precision agriculture based on soil mapping for site-specific management. In this study, we aimed to define the soil property that best sheds light on the variability of eucalyptus and forage yield. The experiment was conducted in the 2011/12 crop year in Ribas do Rio Pardo, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. We analyzed linear and spatial correlations between eucalyptus traits and physical properties of a Typic Quartzipsamment at two depths (0.00-0.10 and 0.10-0.20 m. For that purpose, we set up a geostatistical grid for collection at 72 points. Gravimetric moisture in the 0.00-0.10 m layer is an important index of soil physical quality, showing correlation to eucalyptus circumference at breast height (CBH in a Typic Quartzipsamment. With an increase in resistance to penetration in the soil surface layer, there is an increase in eucalyptus height and in neutral detergent fiber content in the forage crop. From a spatial point of view, the height of eucalyptus and the neutral detergent fiber of forage can be estimated by co-kriging analysis with soil resistance to penetration. Resistance to penetration values above 2.3 MPa indicated higher yielding sites.

  10. Phlebotomine fauna, natural infection rate and feeding habits of Lutzomyia cruzi in Jaciara, state of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Veruska Nogueira de Brito

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Visceral leishmaniasis (VL in Brazil is transmitted by the phlebotomine Lutzomyia longipalpis and in some midwestern regions by Lutzomyia cruzi. Studies of the phlebotomine fauna, feeding habits and natural infection rate by Leishmania contribute to increased understanding of the epidemiological chain of leishmaniases and their vectorial capacity. Collections were performed in Jaciara, state of Mato Grosso from 2010-2013, during which time 2,011 phlebotomines (23 species were captured (68.70% Lu. cruzi and 20.52% Lutzomyia whitmani. Lu. cruzi females were identified by observing the shapes of the cibarium (a portion of the mouthpart and spermatheca, from which samples were obtained for polymerase chain reaction to determine the rates of natural infection. Engorged phlebotomines were assessed to identify the blood-meal host by ELISA. A moderate correlation was discovered between the number of Lu. cruzi and the temperature and the minimum rate of infection was 6.10%. Twenty-two females were reactive to the antisera of bird (28%, dog (3.30% and skunk (1.60%. We conclude that Lu. cruzi and Lu. whitmani have adapted to the urban environment in this region and that Lu. cruzi is the most likely vector of VL in Jaciara. Moreover, maintenance of Leishmania in the environment is likely aided by the presence of birds and domestic and synanthropic animals.

  11. IDENTIFICATION OF RISK FACTORS FOR CERVICAL CANCER IN WOMEN ASSISTED BY A FAMILY HEALTH TEAM IN CUIABÁ, MATO GROSSO, BRAZIL

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    Karla Gomes de Almeida

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for cervical neoplasia in women residing in the area covered by the Family Healthcare Strategy of Altos da Serra I, in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil. The population of this descriptive study consisted of 19 women who had abnormal results of Pap smears from October 2007 to September 2009. Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire applied at the participants’ residences after they provided informed consent. Nine respondents (47.4% began sexual activity from 10 to 15 years of age, 11 (57.9% did not use condoms routinely, 11 (58% had had more than one unprotected sexual intercourse, 6 (31.6% were 15 to 17 years of age at first pregnancy. Early beginning of sexual activity and absence of condom use were the most prevalent situations found among the participants. The results indicate the need to address aspects related to sexuality through health education approaches designed for adolescents, in order to reduce the occurrence of the situations revealed by the study.

  12. Trace element records in wetlands from Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil dated by {sup 210}Pb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Damatto, S.R.; Favaro, D.I.T.; Sakamoto, A.Y.; Mazzilli, B.P.; Valles, V. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares IPEN, Centro de Metrologia das Radiacoes -Divisao de Radiometria Ambiental/CMRA, Butanta, SP (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    The Pantanal in southwest Brazil is one of world largest freshwater wetlands. This natural ecosystem has been affected due to urban contamination, irregular use of the land, tourism without control, excessive agricultural defensive utilization, etc. In order to verify possible changes in this environment, a study was established in Pantanal da Nhecol dia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Two sediment cores were collected in 2001 and the elements As, Ba, Br, Ce, Co, Cr, Cs, Eu, Fe, Hf, La, Lu, Na, Nd, Rb, Sb, Sc, Sm, Ta, Tb, Th, U, Yb, Zn and Zr were determined by neutron activation analysis technique - NAA. The radioactive {sup 210}Pb was used to determine sedimentation rates and the sediment age. The element concentrations ranged from mg kg{sup -1} to %. The majority of the elements and rare earths analyzed showed concentrations lower when compared with shale and earth crust values. Factorial analysis, mode R, was applied to the data. Only the elements Br, Hf and Zr showed concentrations slightly higher, probably due to variations on water level in flooding periods. A mean sedimentation rate of 0.61cmy{sup -1} was found for one core, which is in agreement with data from literature for this kind of ecosystem. (author)

  13. Soil Oxidation-Reduction Potential and Plant Photosynthetic Capacity in the Northern Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lathuilliere, M. J.; Johnson, M. S.; Dalmagro, H. J.; Pinto Junior, O. B.; Couto, E. G.

    2013-12-01

    Plant communities of the Pantanal wetland are able to survive long periods of climatic and physiological stress in the dry and wet seasons. During inundation, soil oxygen demand increases dramatically as reducing soil conditions create stress in the root system with possible impacts on photosynthetic capacity of plants. We look at inundation cycles of a tree island (locally known as a cordilheira) in the Northern Pantanal near Poconé, Mato Grosso, and relate soil oxidation-reduction potential and soil oxygen depletion to the photosynthetic capacity of two plant communities of flooded scrub forest (Vochysia divergens and Curatela americana). Results show a drop in soil oxidation-reduction potential of over 400 mV, to levels below the absolute value of -200 mV, following inundation around the tree island. Both plant species showed increased carbon assimilation at highest soil oxygen demand despite a change in stomatal conductance, suggesting adaptation to the inundated environment. Absolute values of soil oxidation-reduction potential also allow for the determination of specific soil chemical reactions characteristic of the tree island environment, namely the reduction of iron(III), or carbon dioxide which in turn produces methane. Our combined analysis of soil chemistry with plant ecophysiology allows for a better understanding of soil-plant interactions in the Pantanal, specifically the drivers of biogeochemical processes between inundation periods.

  14. A new species of Callicebus Thomas, 1903 (Primates, Pitheciidae from the states of Mato Grosso and Pará, Brazil

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    Juliana Gualda-Barros

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species of titi monkey, genus Callicebus Thomas, 1903, is described based on four individuals, one from a small tributary of the left bank of Rio Teles Pires, northern state of Mato Grosso, and three others from Largo do Souza, Rio Iriri, Pará, Brazil. The new species belongs to the Callicebus moloch species group, and the main diagnostic characteristics of the new species are the whitish forehead, sideburns and beard coloration, which are contiguous, forming a frame around the blackish face; overall body pelage coloration is pale grayish-brown agouti; hands, feet and tip of the tail whitish; belly and inner sides of fore and hind limbs uniformly orange. The pattern of pelage coloration and qualitative and quantitative skull morphology are described and compared to the other species of the Callicebus moloch group. Species of the Callicebus moloch group show great similarity in skull morphology and morphometrics, making the external morphological characters, specially the chromatic fields, the most reliable diagnostic trait to identify the species.

  15. PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION FOR THE MICROREGION OF TANGARÁ DA SERRA, MATO GROSSO STATE, BRAZIL PROBABILIDADE DE PRECIPITAÇÃO PARA A MICROREGIÃO DE TANGARÁ DA SERRA, ESTADO DO MATO GROSSO

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    Admar Júnior Coletti

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Due to the irregular occurrence of rainfall in Brazilian Savannas, associated with a vast range of models that aim to evaluate it, this study was carried out to estimate the monthly amount of rainfall, at different probability levels, in Tangará da Serra, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, by using the Gamma function. Pluviometric data from 1970 to 2007 (38 years, provided by the Agência Nacional de Águas (ANA, collected in a pluviometric station located at 14°37’55”S, 57°28’05”W, and 488 m of altitude, were used. The adjustment analysis between estimated and observed data was carried out in accordance with the Kolmogorov-Smirnov adherence test, at 5% of significance, resulting in no significant differences for monthly periods, including those with several values equal or close to zero, allowing the Gamma distribution use. The highest expected monthly precipitation levels took place from November to March (rainy season, while from June to August were noticed the lowest ones (dry period. The other months can be considered as intermediaries between the dry and rainy seasons.

    KEY-WORDS: Gamma distribution; expected precipitation; agricultural planning.

    Devido à irregularidade na ocorrência de chuvas na região dos

  16. Concepción, frontera paraguaya con el Mato Grosso, y la política económica de Carlos A. López. Entre la diplomacia y la guerra

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    Nidia R. Areces

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The article intends to analyze the policy implemented by Carlos A. López, in particular in the border between Concepción and Mato Grosso in order to explain that the confiscation of all the State possessions, the consequent disposal of these resources to the international capital, and the laws of inviolability of private property and of disposition of lands, led to concentration in a few hands. This situation was consolidated after the War against Paraguay. The area, the demography, the production, and the system of land possession are addressed in order to reveal the operation of the Concepción Command between diplomacy and war as a strategic border with the Brazilian Empire (Imperio del Brasil.El artículo se propone analizar la política que Carlos A.López instrumentó en particular en la frontera de Concepción con el Mato Grosso para explicar que la desamortización de todos los bienes del fisco, la consecuente enajenación de estos recursos al capital internacional y las leyes sobre la inviolabilidad de la propiedad privada y sobre venta de tierras, produjo la concentración en manos de unos pocos, situación que se consolidó después de la Guerra del Paraguay. El espacio, la demografía, la producción, el sistema de tenencia de tierras son abordados para develar el funcionamiento de la Comandancia de Concepción entre la diplomacia y la guerra como frontera estratégica con el Imperio del Brasil.

  17. Professor e aluno compartilhando da experiência de ensino-aprendizagem: a disciplina de enfermagem pediátrica da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul Profesor y alumno compartiendo de la experiencia de enseñanza-aprendizaje: la asignatura de enfermería pediátrica de la Universidad de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Teacher and learner sharing the teaching-learning experience: the pediatric nursing course at Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myriam A. Mandetta Pettengill

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available As autoras apresentam a experiência de ensino de enfermagem pediátrica na Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS. Realizaram análise qualitativa das avaliações dos alunos no ano de 2000, das quais emergiram duas categorias: 'sendo uma experiência diferente' e 'modificando o olhar para a criança e família'. Concluem que a opção pela abordagem de ensino centrada na pessoa tem sido fundamental para que o aluno consiga alcançar autonomia pessoal e profissional.Las autoras presentan la experiencia de enseñanza de enfermería pediátrica en la Universidad Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS. Realizaron un análisis cualitativo de las evaluaciones de los alumnos en el año de 2.000, de las cuales emergieron dos categorías: "siendo una experiencia diferente" y "cambiando la manera de mirar al niño y la familia". Concluyen que la opción por el abordaje de enseñanza centralizada en la persona había sido fundamental para que el alumno logre autonomía personal y profesional.The authors present the experience of teaching pediatric nursing at the Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS, Brazil. They carried out a qualitative analysis of the learners' evaluation for the year 2000, from which two categories emerged: "being a different experience" and "changing the way the learners see the child and the family". They conclude that choosing the person-centered teaching approach has been of fundamental importance for the learner to achieve personal and professional autonomy.

  18. MENINGOENCEFALITE NECROSANTE EM BOVINOS CAUSADA POR HERPESVÍRUS BOVINO NO ESTADO DE MATO GROSSO, BRASIL NECROTIZING MENINGO-ENCEPHALITIS IN CATTLE DUE TO BOVINE HERPESVIRUS IN THE STATE OF MATO GROSSO, BRAZIL

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    Edson Moleta Colodel

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Achados epidemiológicos, clínicos, patológicos e microbiológicos de 13 casos de meningoencefalite necrosante pelo Herpesvírus Bovino (BHV, afetando 12 rebanhos bovinos ocorridos no período de março de 1999 a agosto de 2000 em 11 municípios do Estado de Mato Grosso são descritos. Onze surtos ocorreram em sistemas de criação extensiva, afetando com maior freqüência animais da raça nelore, e idade média de 24 meses com uma variação de dois a 72 meses. Os principais sinais clínicos descritos foram as alterações neurológicas, sendo relatados salivação profusa, descarga nasal e ocular serosa, depressão profunda, incoordenação, andar a esmo ou em círculo, cegueira, diminuição do tonus lingual, decúbito lateral com movimentos de pedalagem, opistótono e morte. Ausência de alterações foi o relato mais comum durante a necropsia. Em alguns casos, observou-se congestão encefálica difusa, hemorragias submeningeanas multifocais, achatamento de circunvoluções cerebrais e áreas focais de malacias. Os principais achados microscópicos foram meningoencefalite com corpúsculos de inclusão eosinofílicos, intranucleares em astrócitos. As áreas de malacia afetavam principalmente o córtex cerebral. Foi realizado isolamento e caracterização viral em três de um total de sete amostras encaminhadas Em um dos casos, dos que houve isolamento viral, o diagnóstico histopatológico foi de polioencefalomalacia não se observando meningoencefalite e corpúsculos de inclusão.The epidemiological, clinical, pathological and microbiological aspects of 13 cases of necrotizing meningo-encephalitis associated to bovine herpesvirus are described. The disease is described in 12 cattle herds from March 1999 to August 2000 at 11 counties of the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The outbreaks were described in cattle raised on farms in which, mostly Zebu breeds were involved. The average age of the cattle affected was 24 months, ranging from two

  19. Agregação e estabilidade de agregados do solo em sistemas agropecuários em Mato Grosso do Sul Soil aggregation and aggregate stability under crop-pasture systems in Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil

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    Júlio Cesar Salton

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Sistemas de manejo do solo, incluindo lavouras em plantio direto, lavouras (soja em rotação com pastagens em plantio direto e pastagens permanentes (Brachiaria sp., foram avaliados quanto à agregação do solo e estabilidade dos agregados. Em três experimentos de longa duração (9 e 11 anos localizados em Mato Grosso do Sul, o solo foi amostrado nas camadas de 0 a 5, 5 a 10 e 10 a 20 cm, para determinação da estabilidade dos agregados em água e a seco. Foram calculados o diâmetro médio ponderado (DMP e o índice de estabilidade dos agregados (IEA. Em todos os experimentos, nos sistemas com pastagens, seja de forma isolada ou em rotação com lavouras, foi verificado maior volume do solo, constituindo agregados com tamanho superior a 4,76 mm. Os sistemas com pastagens também apresentaram maior DMP e maior IEA em todos os experimentos. O sistema apenas com lavouras apresentou, nos três experimentos, o maior volume de solo com agregados de tamanho entre 0,25 e 2,00 mm. Esses efeitos ocorreram de forma semelhante em todas as profundidades avaliadas. Entre os locais, observou-se o efeito do teor de argila na agregação, sendo maior em Maracaju e menor em Campo Grande. Foi observada estreita relação entre a estabilidade dos agregados e o teor de C no solo. A formação de macroagregados parece estar relacionada à presença de raízes, que são mais abundantes sob pastagem de gramíneas.Soil management systems, with crops under no-tillage (NT, crops (soybean in rotation with pastures under NT and permanent pastures (Brachiaria sp., were evaluated for soil aggregation and aggregate stability. Three long-term experiments (9 and 11 years in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul were sampled in the layers 0-5, 5-10 and 10-20 cm for determination of the aggregate stability in wet and dry sieving. The mean weight diameter (MWD and the aggregate stability index (IAS were calculated. In all experiments, the greatest soil volume was verified in the

  20. Aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos e parasitológicos da doença de Chagas em Mato Grosso do Sul Epidemiological, clinical and parasitological aspects of Chagas' disease in Mato Grosso do Sul State

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    Maurício Antonio Pompilio

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos e parasitológicos da doença de Chagas crônica, em pacientes do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, realizamos um estudo seccional envolvendo 120 chagásicos e 120 controles não-chagásicos, de ambos os sexos, com idades de 16 a 82 anos. Os aspectos epidemiológicos foram avaliados por questionário, a cardiopatia por exame clínico, eletrocardiograma convencional, radiologia e ecodopplercardiograma e a presença de Trypanosoma cruzi no sangue por xenodiagnóstico e teste da reação em cadeia da polimerase. Os resultados mostraram predominância de alóctones com baixa escolaridade e referência de contato prévio com triatomíneos entre os chagásicos. Abortamento espontâneo foi mais freqüente nas mulheres chagásicas. A cardiopatia devido ao componente chagásico foi estimada em 20,2%. Apresentou-se com 7,5% de cardiomegalia, 6,2% de aneurisma de ventrículo esquerdo e com predominância de dispnéia, palpitações e hipertensão arterial. O xenodiagnóstico foi positivo em 26,1% dos chagásicos enquanto a PCR foi positiva em 53,7%. A análise dos resultados indicou que a doença de Chagas no grupo estudado apresenta características clínicas e parasitológicas que revelam peculiaridades regionais.With the objective of evaluating epidemiologic, clinical and parasitologic aspects of chronic Chagas' disease in patients from the University Hospital of the Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, a cross-sectional study was performed with groups of 120 chagasic and non-chagasic patients aged from 16 to 82 years. Epidemiologic aspects were evaluated by means of a questionnaire, cardiopathy by clinical examination, conventional electrocardiogram, radiology and Doppler echocardiograms (only in chagasic patients and the presence of Trypanosoma cruzi in the blood stream by way of xenodiagnosis and polymerase chain reaction test. The results

  1. Nutrition value of silage from corn hybrids in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil=Valor nutritivo da silagem de híbridos de milho no Estado do Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Rafael Henrique Pereira dos Reis

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Nutrition value of silage from corn hybrids produced in Mato Grosso, State was evaluated. A randomized block design was used with 23 treatments (hybrids and three replications. The study used hybrids from different seed companies. Fodder was stored in PVC pipes at a density of 600 kg of green mass m-³. The silos were opened 90 days after ensiling, and the following variables were studied: pH, dry matter (DM, ammoniacal nitrogen (N-NH3, crude protein (CP, acid detergent fiber (ADF, neutral detergent fiber (NDF, total digestible nutrients (TDN and minerals (Ca, P, K and Mg. Rates were estimated for dry matter intake (DMI, dry matter digestibility (DM, net energy for maintenance (NEm, gain (NEg and lactation (EL. All the characteristics were determined by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR. With regard to standard fermentation, silage of different hybrids had appropriate values for pH and N-NH3. The silage of hybrids DKB 370, DKB 330, DAS 2C520, DAS 2B710, DAS 2B587, BF 9534, AG 9010, AG 8088, AG 5020, BE 9701, AGN 30A06 e AGN 31A31 showed lower NDF and higher estimated DMI values.Objetivou-se avaliar a composição bromatológica da silagem de híbridos de milho em cultivo de segunda safra no Estado do Mato Grosso. Utilizou-se o delineamento experimental em blocos casualizados com 23 tratamentos (híbridos e três repetições. A forragem foi acondicionada em tubos de PVC sob densidade de 600 kg de massa fresco m-³. A abertura dos silos ocorreu 90 dias após a ensilagem, sendo avaliados: valor de pH, teores de matéria seca (MS, nitrogênio amoniacal (N-NH3, proteína bruta (PB, fibra em detergente ácido (FDA, fibra em detergente neutro (FDN, nutrientes digestíveis totais (NDT e minerais (Ca, P, K e Mg.Também foram estimados os valores do consumo de matéria seca (CMS, digestibilidade “in vitro” da matéria seca (DIVMS, energias líquidas de mantença (ELm, ganho (ELg e de lactação (ELl. Todas as características avaliadas foram

  2. Saúde bucal na população indígena Xavánte de Pimentel Barbosa, Mato Grosso, Brasil Oral health among the Xavánte Indians in Pimentel Barbosa, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Rui Arantes

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Em 1997, foi realizado um levantamento epidemiológico em saúde bucal na comunidade indígena Xavánte de Etéñitépa (ou Pimentel Barbosa, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Foram seguidos os critérios preconizados pela OMS. Aproximadamente metade da amostra (N = 228 apresentou CPOD inferior a 2. Em crianças de 12 a 14 anos, observou-se um CPOD de 3,7. O índice CEO foi mais elevado aos seis anos (5,6. A freqüência de dentes obturados é bastante reduzida, apontando para o pouco acesso a serviços odontológicos. As má-oclusões (classificação de Angle apresentam baixa ocorrência, assim como a doença periodontal em estado avançado (avaliada pelo ICNTP. A comparação dos resultados do inquérito realizado em 1997 com levantamentos conduzidos em 1962 e 1991 revelou uma tendência de deterioração das condições de saúde bucal. Argumenta-se que mudanças na dieta (notadamente consumo de açúcar e de outros produtos industrializados, relacionadas a alterações sócio-econômicas e ambientais advindas da interação com a sociedade nacional envolvente, aliadas à falta de programas preventivos, estão entre as principais causas da deterioração nas condições de saúde bucal dos Xavánte.This study presents the results of an oral health epidemiological survey conducted in 1997, based on WHO criteria, in the Xavánte indigenous community of Pimentel Barbosa (or Etéñitépa, Mato Grosso State, Central Brazil. The study included 228 individuals (85% of the population over two years of age. In about half the sample, the DMF index was less than 2, and in the 12-14-year age bracket it was 3.7. The low frequency of fillings in permanent and deciduous teeth suggests limited access to dental care services. Despite the number of sextants with bleeding and tartar, no cases of severe periodontal disease were detected (CPITN. In the community, comparison of the results of this survey with two previous surveys (1962 and 1991 showed a deterioration in oral

  3. Riscos e agravos à saúde e à vida dos trabalhadores das indústrias madeireiras de Mato Grosso Risks and injuries to the health and life of the workers of the lumber industries of Mato Grosso

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    Wanderlei Antonio Pignati

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Na atual fase de ocupação antrópica da Amazônia, ou desenvolvimento agroindustrial-florestal, o setor da indústria madeireira, um dos pólos da economia do Estado de Mato Grosso, provoca grande impacto negativo no ambiente e na saúde. No estudo foram analisadas as situações de risco de 1.381 indústrias e avaliados 4.381 trabalhadores dos 21.607 que laboravam durante o ano de 2000. Foi observada a precarização do trabalho em todos os locais, em graus variados, demonstrando-se que, quanto mais as indústrias se afastam das sedes dos municípios, pioram as condições de trabalho/salário/saúde. Os resultados apontaram que 11% dos trabalhadores estavam mutilados, outros 25% apresentavam outras seqüelas de acidentes de trabalho e 28% estavam com deformidades de coluna vertebral, dentre outros agravos diagnosticados. A pesquisa apontou para a máxima exploração da força de trabalho, desresponsabilização patronal com as situações de riscos e ainda a insuficiente organização dos trabalhadores e precária regulação e fiscalização do Estado, acarretando desproteção social dos trabalhadores das indústrias madeireiras nessa região, expressando a violência social estrutural dessa ocupação/destruição da Amazônia.In the current phase of anthropoid occupation of the Amazonia, called agro-industrial-forest development, the sector of the lumber industry, one of polar regions of the economy of the state of Mato Grosso provokes great negative impact in the environment and the health. In the study were analyzed the conditions of risk of 1.389 industries and evaluated 4.381 workers of the total of 21.607 that worked during the year of 2000. The precaution of work was observed in all places, in varied degrees, demonstrating that yet, the more the industry is moved away from the headquarters of the cities, the conditions of work, salary and healthy becomes worse. The results had shown that 11% of the workers in active were mutilated

  4. Aspectos culturales de la reproducción: el caso de los Suruí de Rondonia y Mato Grosso, Brasil Cultural aspects of reproduction: the case of the Suruí of Rondonia and Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    María Mercedes Arias Valencia

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende comunicar resultados de un estudio demográfico sobre los aspectos culturales ligados a la reproducción, realizado en indígenas Suruí, en Rondônia y Mato Grosso, Brasil. Objetivo: descubrir los aspectos culturales ligados a la fecundidad en relación con la conciencia demográfica de estos pueblos. Metodología: se adoptó el enfoque etnográfico; visitamos la totalidad de las unidades domiciliarias de las aldeas conocidas como Linha 14 y Placa, en la Tierra Indígena "Sete de Setembro" en 2004. Participaron 115 mujeres. Resultados: Hay dos prácticas de conyugalidad, la poliginia y el matrimonio interétnico. Revive la costumbre de la reclusión ritual de las mujeres en su primera menstruación y la prohibición de relacionarse sexualmente durante la gestación, el posparto y hasta un año después de nacer el hijo. La producción de leche materna es altamente valorada y los niños la obtienen hasta los dos años. Tener muchos niños y producir mucha leche es el ideal. Lo más importante para los Suruí es la reproducción de la sociedad para continuar como unidad é tnicamente diferenciada. Discusión: analizamos las permanencias y los cambios en la esfera de la reproducción. Comparamos con resultados de otros estudios relacionados con la etnología Suruí y con la actuación de los servicios de asistencia en esta comunidad. Conclusión: los aspectos culturales son los elementos esenciales para la formulación de políticas de salud que valoricen a los suruí y le impriman especificidad étnica a los programas y proyectos.This article communicates results of a demographic study on the cultural aspects related to reproduction in Suruí natives, in Rondônia and Mato Grosso, Brazil. Objective: to raise the cultural aspects linked to fecundity in relation to the demographic conscience of the above mentioned natives. Methodology: with ethnographic approach, we visited the totality of the domiciliary units of the

  5. Situação epidemiológica da brucelose bovina no Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul Epidemiological situation of bovine brucellosis in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    S.C. Chate

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se um estudo para caracterizar a situação epidemiológica da brucelose bovina no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. Foram definidos três estratos (regiões: Pantanal-corte, Planalto-corte e Planalto-leite, este último subdividido em Bolsão, Campo Grande e Dourados. Em cada estrato foram amostradas aleatoriamente propriedades e, dentro dessas, foi escolhido, de forma aleatória, um número pré-estabelecido de animais, dos quais foi obtida uma amostra de sangue. No total, foram amostrados 14.849 animais, provenientes de 1.004 propriedades. Em cada propriedade amostrada foi aplicado um questionário epidemiológico para verificar suas características e também para detectar transtornos reprodutivos que poderiam estar associados à infecção brucélica. O teste utilizado foi o do antígeno acidificado tamponado. O rebanho foi considerado positivo se pelo menos um animal foi reagente à prova sorológica. Para o Estado, a prevalência de focos foi de 41,5% [36,5-44,7%]. As prevalências de focos e de animais infectados por estrato foram, respectivamente, de: 59,0% [52,8-64,9%] e 12,6% [9,1-17,2%] para o estrato Pantanal-corte, e 40,6% [35,8-45,5%] e 4,5% [2,1-9,0%] para Planalto-corte. No estrato Planalto-leite, a prevalência de focos foi de 33,1% [28,4-38,1%]. Os fatores de risco (odds ratios, OR associados à condição de foco foram: ter ≥500 vacas (OR = 2,46 [1,81-3,34], ocorrência de bezerros fracos (OR = 1,20 [0,87-1,65] e uso da inseminação artificial (OR = 0,71 [0,50-1,01].A study to characterize the epidemiological status of bovine brucellosis in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul was carried out. The State was divided in three regions: beef cattle Pantanal, beef cattle Plateau, and dairy cattle Plateau. Herds were randomly sampled in each region and a pre-established number of animals were sampled in each of these herds. A total of 14,849 serum samples from 1,004 herds were collected. In each herd, it was applied an

  6. Medicinal plants used by Ponta Porã community, Mato Grosso do Sul State = Levantamento etnobotânico em Ponta Porá, Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Zefa Valdivina Pereira

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The academic interest regarding the knowledge that people in general have about plants and their uses has increased significantly. Therefore, aiming to understand it better, this present work studied parts of the plant used by residents from Jardim Aeroporto, in Ponta Porã, Mato Grosso do Sul State, to prepare and use these medicinal plants. This city shares borders with Pedro Juan Caballero (Paraguay, a place where many people use these herbs. The residentsuse different kinds of plants which are planted around their houses. The leaf was the most used part to prepare the medicines. The plants used by this community belong to 17 families, 28 genera and 30 species, and the women from 30-40 age group with junior high school degree who know the plants, their usage and the preparation of the medicines. These women are responsible to cultivate the plants in the backyards and around their houses. The botanical families whichpresented higher number of species were Lamiaceae, Asteraceae and Leguminosae. Baccharis trimera (Less. DC., Mentha piperita L. and Aloe vera (L. Burm. f. were the most used plants by the interviewees, which were prepared in form of tea or plasters.O interesse acadêmico a respeito do conhecimento que as populações detêm sobre plantas e seus usos têm crescido. Visando conhecer melhor esse conhecimento, o presente trabalho objetivou: levantar o perfil dos usuários de plantas medicinais, caracterizar o conhecimento acercado uso de plantas medicinais, detectar as partes da planta mais empregadas no preparo e aplicação medicinal pela comunidade de moradores do Bairro Jardim Aeroporto em Ponta Porã, Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul. Foram entrevistados 200 moradores, no período de julho a outubro de 2006. As entrevistas foram feitas pelo método da “listagem livre”. A cidade faz divisa com Pedro Juan Caballero (Paraguai, onde muitas pessoas recebem as espécies medicinais. Os moradores fazem uso de grupo diversificado de

  7. Seroprevalence of anti-Neospora caninum antibodies in dogs from Cuiaba city, Mato Grosso StateSoroprevalência de anticorpos anti-Neospora caninum em cães da cidade de Cuiabá, Estado de Mato Grosso

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    Glaucenyra Cecília Pinheiro da Silva

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The present study evaluated the prevalence of anti- Neospora caninum antibodies in 406 dogs from Cuiabá city, Mato Grosso State by means Immunofluorescence Assay (IFA with cut-off at the initial dilution of 1:50. Twenty seven dogs were positive (6.6%, 95% CI%: 4.6-9.6% with titers of antibodies ranging between 50 and 1600. According to the breed, Pit Bull dogs were the most frequent where 4 dogs (16.7% were positive (P=0.06. There was no difference between positivity and age of dogs. From the positive dogs, 10 were females (5.6% and 17 were males (7.5%, 7 dogs (9.0% fed commercial ration and 20 (6.1% homemade food (P > 0.05. Environmental variables showed that 15 positive dogs (7.5% had access to the street, 21 positive dogs (7.5% lived near to the wasteland, 20 (6.2% lived in walled house and 20 (6.8% had contact with rodents in house backyard. None of environmental variables had significant associations (P O presente avaliou a prevalência de anticorpos anti-Neospora caninum em 406 cães da cidade de Cuiabá, Estado de Mato Grosso pela Reação de Imunofluorescência Indireta (RIFI com ponto de corte na diluição inicial de 1:50. Foram observados 27 cães positivos (6,6%, IC95% 4,6-9,6% com títulos variando entre 50 e 1600. Segundo a raça estudada, a maior frequência foi observada para cães Pit Bull onde 4 cães (16,7% foram positivos (P=0,06. Não houve diferença significativa entre a soropositividade e a faixa etárias dos cães. Dos cães positivos, 10 eram fêmeas (5,6% e 17 (7,5 eram machos (P > 0.05, 7 (9,0% se alimentavam de ração e 20 (6,1% de alimentação caseira. Variáveis relacionadas ao ambiente demonstraram que dentre os positivos 15 (7,5 tinham acesso a rua, 21 (7,5% residiam em casa próximas a terrenos baldios, 20 (6,2% em casas muradas e 20 (6,8 em casas que apresentavam roedores no quintal. Nenhuma das variáveis apresentou associação significativa (P > 0,05. Os resultados do presente estudo demonstram uma baixa

  8. Vigilância sanitária: estratégias para sua descentralização em Mato Grosso, 1996-2005 Sanitary surveillance: descentralization strategies in Mato Grosso (Brazil, 1996-2005

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    Miriane Silva Marangon

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available O processo de descentralização das ações de vigilância sanitária (Visa para estados e municípios teve grande impulso a partir da NOB/96, quando foram definidos repasses financeiros. Em Mato Grosso, tal processo fica a cargo da Coordenadoria de Visa, que desenvolveu estratégias para descentralizar, inicialmente, as ações básicas para todos os municípios do estado, dadas as adesões à NOB-96. O objetivo deste estudo é descrever e analisar as estratégias adotadas pela Visa/SES na descentralização da Visa para os municípios e as dificuldades encontradas. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório de abordagem qualitativa, análise documental e entrevistas. Os resultados demonstram que as principais estratégias adotadas foram: capacitação de técnicos do nível central, regionais e municípios, em várias modalidades; elaboração de material técnico; assessoria aos municípios, com inspeções conjuntas pelos três níveis de gestão; criação de instrumentos jurídicos. Observou-se postura ativa da Visa/SES no processo de descentralização e constatou-se que a atenção à demanda para executar ações de média e alta complexidade, na maioria dos municípios, e até de baixa complexidade, em alguns deles, repercute negativamente em ausência de supervisão e avaliação do processo e falta de apoio permanente e contínuo na estruturação dos serviços municipais.The decentralization process of sanitary surveillance services to states and municipalities was improved after NOB/96, when funding transferences were defined. In Mato Grosso, this responsibility was incorporated by the Sanitary Surveillance Coordination (Visa/SES which developed strategies to decentralize at first, the basic actions to all municipalities of the state. The objective of this research is to describe and analyze the strategies adopted by Visa/SES in decentralization of Visa actions to municipalities and the main difficulties found. This research is a

  9. Triagem para distúrbios visuais em escolares no município de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil = Screening for visual disturbances in schoolchildren in the city of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Biberg-Salum, Tânia Gisela

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Verificar a ocorrência de alterações visuais em escolares de uma instituição filantrópica do município de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com escolares de seis a 12 anos de idade, de ambos os sexos, que frequentavam uma instituição filantrópica no ano de 2012. Para a triagem visual foi utilizado o teste de Ishihara e a leitura da escala optométrica de Snellen. Posteriormente, os escolares com resultado alterado foram referenciados para avaliação com especialista em oftalmologia. Resultados: Foram incluídos no estudo 94 escolares, entre os quais 18 apresentaram alteração na triagem visual, sendo cinco com suspeita de discromatopsia e 13 com baixa acuidade visual segundo a Escala de Snellen. Onze escolares compareceram para consulta com especialista, sendo três por suspeita de discromatopsia e o oito por alteração da acuidade visual. Após a avaliação oftalmológica, verificou-se que, dos escolares com suspeita de discromatopsia, um apresentou dúvida quanto ao diagnóstico positivo. No tocante aos escolares triados por alteração da acuidade visual, dois apresentaram déficit visual. Conclusões: Os resultados demonstraram que embora uma parcela importante de escolares apresentasse alteração visual na triagem, a alteração não foi confirmada na maioria das avaliações oftalmológicas. Estes achados salientam a importância da triagem para detectar alterações oculares, desde que seguida por avaliações oftalmológicas, para o correto diagnóstico e orientação

  10. Educação ambiental e o ecoturismo na Serra da Bodoquena em Mato Grosso do Sul / Environmental education and the ecotourism in the Serra da Bodoquena in Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Fernando Machado Klein

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O estudo da interrelação da prática do ecoturismo com a educação ambiental na região da Serra da Bodoquena, em Mato Grosso do Sul, especificamente os municípios de Bonito e Jardim, constituem o objeto deste artigo. A relevância do estudo justifica-se pelo fato da Serra da Bodoquena encontrar-se na Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Miranda, ocupando uma posição estratégica para a conexão dos biomas Mata Atlântica, Cerrado e Pantanal. O trabalho de campo realizado demonstrou que a diversificação dos locais pode ser interpretada mediante observação e experimentação, por especialistas de diferentes áreas do conhecimento, sendo um campo vasto para o desenvolvimento de inúmeras pesquisas. Assim, com o levantamento in loco das principais características ambientais dos atrativos turísticos: Buraco das Araras, Gruta do Lago Azul, Baía Bonita e Rio Formoso, procedeu-se a análise da prática do ecoturismo e sua vertente educacional. Verificou-se, a necessidade de intensificação de ações educacionais, principalmente, aos guias de turismo, tendo em vista serem os principais indutores e difusores de informações relativas ao meio ambiente, bem como a realização de estudos dos percursos ofertados nos atrativos, com respectiva avaliação do potencial educativo e mapeamento da caracterização e adequação para diferentes públicos de visitantes.

  11. Levantamento de sistema de produção, problemas e demandas da agropecuária do estado de Mato Grosso pela sondagem rápida

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    Maria José Mota Ramos

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A necessidade de se atender a demanda e ao mesmo tempo programar e executar ações de pesquisa, extensão rural e fomento de acordo com as reais necessidades do produtor rural são fundamentais para a integração das atividades da agropecuária. Para o levantamento de sistema de produção existem várias metodologias, mas, de maneira geral, demandam tempo e um custo maior para sua execução. Assim é que neste trabalho utilizou-se o diagnóstico rápido para levantar os sistemas de produção, problemas e demandas da agropecuária do estado de Mato Grosso na área de abrangência do PRODEAGRO (Programa de desenvolvimento agroambiental do Mato Grosso. O diagnóstico foi realizado em julho /agosto de 1994, em pequenas propriedades, nas regiões abrangidas pelo PRODEAGRO: Barra do Garças , Cáceres, Médio Norte , Barra do Bugres e Rondonópolis ,em Mato Grosso. Foram aplicados 173 questionários em 39 municípios com uma média de 4,4 questionários por município. Com exceção do médio norte as propriedades possuem de 1 a 99 ha classificados como pequenas propriedades e neste caso a pecuária é a principal fonte de renda. Os maiores problemas da pecuária são a cigarrinha das pastagens e o cupim e do sistema de cultura é o manejo do solo sendo necessárias ações de pesquisa, assistência técnica e extensão.

  12. Fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae and their parasitoids on cultivated and wild hosts in the Cerrado-Pantanal ecotone in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Tiago Ledesma Taira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae and their parasitoids on cultivated and wild hosts in the Cerrado-Pantanal ecotone in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Information on frugivorous flies in cultivated or wild host plants and their parasitoids in the Cerrado-Pantanal ecotone in Aquidauana, Mato Grosso do Sul is presented and discussed. Fruit fly samples were collected weekly in specific fruit trees, and McPhail® traps were installed in the same trees for a period of two years. The fruit flies infested ripe and unripe fruits of Averrhoa carambola L., Schoepfia sp., Psidium guajava L. and Pouteria torta (Mart. Radlk and mature fruits of Anacardium occidentale L. and Inga laurina (Sw. Willd. Nineteen fruit fly species were obtained with the combination of sampling methods (collecting fruits and trapping, nine of them obtained with both methods, five found only in fruits and five only in traps. This is the first record of Anastrepha striata Schiner in a species of Sapotaceae, as well as for A. castanea Norrbom and A. daciformes Bezzi in Schoepfia sp. (Olacaceae, and for A. distincta Greene in fruits of P. guajava in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. Fruit collections simultaneously associated with capture of fruit flies by McPhail traps in the same host plants are essential to understand the diversity of fruit flies and their relationship with hosts and parasitoids. Species of Braconidae and Pteromalidae were recovered, where Doryctobracon areolatus (Szépligeti was the most abundant parasitoid in larvae of tephritids infesting both cultivated and wild host fruits.

  13. Tick-borne agents in domesticated and stray cats from the city of Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, midwestern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    André, Marcos Rogério; Herrera, Heitor Miraglia; Fernandes, Simone de Jesus; de Sousa, Keyla Cartens Marques; Gonçalves, Luiz Ricardo; Domingos, Iara Helena; de Macedo, Gabriel Carvalho; Machado, Rosangela Zacarias

    2015-09-01

    Anaplasmataceae agents, piroplasmids and Hepatozoon spp. have emerged as important pathogens among domestic and wild felines. The present work aimed to detect the presence of species belonging to the Anaplasmataceae family, piroplasmas and Hepatozoon spp. DNA in blood samples of domesticated and stray cats in the city of Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, midwestern Brazil. Between January and April 2013, whole blood samples were collected from 151 cats (54 males, 95 females and two without gender registration) in the city of Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. DNA extracted from cat blood samples was submitted to conventional PCR assays for Theileria/Babesia/Cytauxzoon spp. (18S rRNA, ITS-1), Ehrlichia spp. (16S rRNA, dsb, groESL), Anaplasma spp. (16S rRNA, groESL) and Hepatozoon spp. (18S rRNA) followed by phylogenetic reconstructions. Out of 151 sampled cats, 13 (8.5%) were positive for Ehrlichia spp. closely related to Ehrlichia canis, 1 (0.66%) for Hepatozoon spp. closely related to Hepatozoon americanum and Hepatozoon spp. isolate from a wild felid, 1 (0.66%) for Cytauxzoon sp. closely related do Cytauxzoon felis, and 18 (11.9%) for Babesia/Theileria (one sequence was closely related to Babesia bigemina, eight for Babesia vogeli, five to Theileria spp. from ruminants [Theileria ovis, Theileria lestoquardi] and four to Theileria sp. recently detected in a cat). The present study showed that Ehrlichia spp., piroplasmids (B. vogeli, Theileria spp. and Cytauxzoon spp.) and, more rarely, Hepatozoon spp. circulate among stray and domesticated cats in the city of Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, midwestern Brazil. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  14. [The magic universe of cures: the role of magic practices and witchcraft in the universe of 17th century Mato Grosso].

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    Sá, Mario

    2009-01-01

    The article analyzes the role of healing agents played by practitioners of magic and witchcraft in Mato Grosso society during the 17th century. It observes that magic and witchcraft were developed as competitors, alternatives or associated with other forms of healing (official and lay). It points out how such roles contributed to the process of subjugating its practitioners, especially Africans, Indians and their descendents, and were appropriated as an opportunity for survival in the colonial slave society. The pastoral visit made by Bruno Pinna in 1785 to Cuiabá and nearby areas served as the principal source of knowledge regarding the practices and practitioners of magic and witchcraft.

  15. Occurrence of Euplatypus parallelus, Euplatypus sp. (col.: Euplatypodidae and Xyleborus affinis (col.: Scolytidae in Pinus sp. in Ribas do Rio Pardo, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Zanuncio José Cola

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Wood borer species of the families Euplatypodidae and Scolytidae were observed attacking trees of Pinus sp. in the Municipality of Ribas do Rio Pardo, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, in March 2000. This plantation had been previously burned in an accidental fire in January 2000, causing the trees to become partially or totally unhealthy, rendering them more susceptible to attack of these pests. Galleries of these wood borers were opened with a chisel to observe parameters such as their direction and form of these galleries. Species observed as wood borers of Pinus sp. were Euplatypus parallelus, Euplatypus sp. (Coleoptera: Euplatypodidae and Xyleborus affinis (Coleoptera: Scolytidae.

  16. The first report of infection with Klebsiella pneumoniae carrying the bla kpc gene in State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Marilene Rodrigues Chang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The increased frequency and dissemination of enterobacteria resistant to various antimicrobials is currently worldwide concern. In January 2010, a 94-year-old patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia was admitted to the University Hospital. This patient died 21 days after hospitalization due to the clinical worsening. Klebsiella pneumoniae producing of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs was isolated of urine culture. This bacterium demonstrated resistance to ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, ertapenem and imipenem. Susceptibility to cefoxitin, cefepime, meropenem, colistin and tigecycline. This study reports the first case of infection by Klebsiella pneumoniae carrying the bla kpc gene in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

  17. Análise Econômica de Sistemas de Produção de Gado de Corte no Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Cid Isidoro Demarco Martins

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo compara se a rentabilidade econômica de cinco sistemas de produção (um sistema tradicional e quatro sistemas melhorados de pecuária de corte no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. Os sistemas melhorados, diferentemente do tradicional, consideram a recuperação de parte da área de pastagem. Os sistemas avaliados contemplam o ciclo completo da pecuária de corte: cria, recria e engorda. Os mostram que os sistemas melhorados são bem mais rentáveis que o sistema tradicional.

  18. Infecções naturais com nematódeos Filarioidea em Hydrochaerus hydrochaeris no Pantanal do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Adjair Antonio do Nascimento

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available From 36 capybaras, slaughtered between 1989 and 1996, 11 young, less than 6 months old, and 25 adults, in the floodplain region of Mato Grosso do Sul, 570 Filarioidea nematodes were collected. Three hundred and ninety-four specimen of Cruorifilaria tuberocauda were collected from the renal arteries (380 and from pulmonary arteries (14 and 176 specimen of Yatesia hydrochoerus from the fasciae of skeleptical muscles, mainly from the obliquus externus abdominis region and from the internal faces of hind limbs.

  19. Cerambycidae (Insecta, Coleoptera) Associados à Vochysia divergens Pohl (Vochysiaceae) na Região Norte do Pantanal de Mato Grosso, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Marinêz Marques; Geane dos Santos; Leandro Battirola

    2014-01-01

    Este estudo apresenta registro da associação entre três espécies de Cerambycidae e Vochysia divergens Pohl (Vochysiaceae), espécie vegetal típica da região norte do Pantanal de Mato Grosso, que além de formar adensamentos monodominantes é considerada uma invasora de campos e pastagens nativas nesta região. Neste estudo, galhos e troncos desta espécie vegetal foram coletados ao longo de um ano (julho/1999 a junho/2000)...

  20. EFEITO DA APLICAÇÃO DE BASALTO TRITURADO NAS CARACTERÍSTICAS QUÍMICAS DE AMOSTRAS DE SOLO DO ESTADO DE MATO GROSSO DO SUL

    OpenAIRE

    MAYKOM FERREIRA INOCÊNCIO; JOSÉ OSCAR NOVELINO; LEANDRO RAMÃO PAIM; ROBSON SANTOS GUTIERREZ

    2009-01-01

    The objective was to evaluate the effect the soil chemical characteristics with the application crushed basalt doses soil samples in the Mato Grosso do Sul State. The experiment was installed in a completely randomized design with six treatments, represented by basalt ground doses (0.00, 12.50, 25.00, 37.50, 50.00 and 62.50 g dm-3) and three replications. Samples of 200 cm3 soil each, packed in polyethylene pots were incubated in the laboratory for 90 days with crushed basalt. At the end of t...

  1. Cluster analysis applied to the spatial and temporal variability of monthly rainfall in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teodoro, Paulo Eduardo; de Oliveira-Júnior, José Francisco; da Cunha, Elias Rodrigues; Correa, Caio Cezar Guedes; Torres, Francisco Eduardo; Bacani, Vitor Matheus; Gois, Givanildo; Ribeiro, Larissa Pereira

    2016-04-01

    The State of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS) located in Brazil Midwest is devoid of climatological studies, mainly in the characterization of rainfall regime and producers' meteorological systems and rain inhibitors. This state has different soil and climatic characteristics distributed among three biomes: Cerrado, Atlantic Forest and Pantanal. This study aimed to apply the cluster analysis using Ward's algorithm and identify those meteorological systems that affect the rainfall regime in the biomes. The rainfall data of 32 stations (sites) of the MS State were obtained from the Agência Nacional de Águas (ANA) database, collected from 1954 to 2013. In each of the 384 monthly rainfall temporal series was calculated the average and applied the Ward's algorithm to identify spatial and temporal variability of rainfall. Bartlett's test revealed only in January homogeneous variance at all sites. Run test showed that there was no increase or decrease in trend of monthly rainfall. Cluster analysis identified five rainfall homogeneous regions in the MS State, followed by three seasons (rainy, transitional and dry). The rainy season occurs during the months of November, December, January, February and March. The transitional season ranges between the months of April and May, September and October. The dry season occurs in June, July and August. The groups G1, G4 and G5 are influenced by South Atlantic Subtropical Anticyclone (SASA), Chaco's Low (CL), Bolivia's High (BH), Low Levels Jet (LLJ) and South Atlantic Convergence Zone (SACZ) and Maden-Julian Oscillation (MJO). Group G2 is influenced by Upper Tropospheric Cyclonic Vortex (UTCV) and Front Systems (FS). The group G3 is affected by UTCV, FS and SACZ. The meteorological systems' interaction that operates in each biome and the altitude causes the rainfall spatial and temporal diversity in MS State.

  2. Habitat suitability mapping of Anopheles darlingi in the surroundings of the Manso hydropower plant reservoir, Mato Grosso, Central Brazil

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    Miyazaki Rosina D

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hydropower plants provide more than 78 % of Brazil's electricity generation, but the country's reservoirs are potential new habitats for main vectors of malaria. In a case study in the surroundings of the Manso hydropower plant in Mato Grosso state, Central Brazil, habitat suitability of Anopheles darlingi was studied. Habitat profile was characterized by collecting environmental data. Remote sensing and GIS techniques were applied to extract additional spatial layers of land use, distance maps, and relief characteristics for spatial model building. Results Logistic regression analysis and ROC curves indicate significant relationships between the environment and presence of An. darlingi. Probabilities of presence strongly vary as a function of land cover and distance from the lake shoreline. Vector presence was associated with spatial proximity to reservoir and semi-deciduous forests followed by Cerrado woodland. Vector absence was associated with open vegetation formations such as grasslands and agricultural areas. We suppose that non-significant differences of vector incidences between rainy and dry seasons are associated with the availability of anthropogenic breeding habitat of the reservoir throughout the year. Conclusion Satellite image classification and multitemporal shoreline simulations through DEM-based GIS-analyses consist in a valuable tool for spatial modeling of A. darlingi habitats in the studied hydropower reservoir area. Vector presence is significantly increased in forested areas near reservoirs in bays protected from wind and wave action. Construction of new reservoirs under the tropical, sub-humid climatic conditions should therefore be accompanied by entomologic studies to predict the risk of malaria epidemics.

  3. DENSIDAD ÓPTIMA DE CAMINOS Y ACOPIADEROS EN EL MANEJO DE BOSQUES NATURALES EN MATO GROSSO, BRASIL

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    Fidel Cándano Acosta

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo se realizó en un área de explotación maderera en bosques naturales en el Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil, donde se practica el corte selectivo de árboles maduros con fines prescritos en el Plan de Manejo Forestal. El objetivo fue demostrar que el actual esquema de la infraestructura de caminos y acopiaderos de madera aplicada en los planes de manejo no minimiza el costo general de la cosecha de madera. Fue utilizada la información referente a la construcción de caminos y acopiaderos con el tractor de estera FIATALLIS Ad7-b y el arrastre de árboles con el tractor forestal (skidder CATERPILAR 525 durante 17 jornadas de trabajo. A través del cálculo e interacción de los costos de ambas operaciones se obtuvo un valor mínimo para las mismas. La información fue procesada con el Software PACE (Automated Program for Evaluating Costs. Los resultados demostraron que el modelo sistemático aplicado tradicionalmente en la proyección y construcción de la infraestructura vial en el área de explotación no minimiza el costo del sistema de cosecha de madera. La propuesta reduce en 26,2% la densidad actual de caminos disminuyendo el costo del sistema de cosecha en 0,15 USD.m-3 sin alterar significativamente la productividad y el costo del arrastre de madera.

  4. Características dos Sistemas de Controle em Fazendas de Soja no Norte de Mato Grosso

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    Ivan Canan

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho investigou os sistemas de controle utilizados nas fazendas de soja no norte de Mato Grosso, a partir da perspectiva dos gestores. Aceitou-se, com base na literatura, que organizações dessa natureza tentem a ser empresas familiares que assumem a configuração de estruturas organizacionais simples. A partir dessa definição, e com base no que a literatura aponta como variáveis estratégicas críticas que agem sobre o agronegócio da soja, um roteiro de entrevistas que buscou mensurar a medida com que os fazendeiros se preocupam com as mesmas, e mensurar a medida com que eles se preocupam em formalizar procedimentos de controle. As entrevistas foram realizadas por telefone, com 33 fazendeiros de soja em oito municípios da região, durante o mês de maio de 2015. Os dados obtidos apontaram que os fazendeiros tendem a se preocupar consideravelmente com todas as variáveis críticas, sem que haja consenso relevante sobre uma escala de prioridades. Quanto aos processos de formalização, confirmou-se o que a literatura prevê, com os dados apontando que o controle tende a ser centralizado e pouco ou insignificantemente formalizado. Mas os dados ofereceram também a possibilidade de reflexões sobre os respondentes, confrontados com a literatura de antropologia e sociologia disponíveis sobre as comunidades de migrantes da região. Como contribuições, o trabalho aponta caminhos possíveis para investigação de sistemas de controle e de contabilidade em organizações familiares, e estruturas organizacionais simples em geral.

  5. Investigation of Influenza A, West Nile and Newcastle Disease Viruses in Birds from the Pantanal Wetlands of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    LB Pinto

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The Pantanal is the world's largest wetland biome with a seasonal flood pulse that attracts a great diversity of birds, many of which are migratory. Birds can be natural reservoirs Influenza A, West Nile and Newcastle Disease viruses. However, the occurrence of carriers for these viruses in the Pantanal was not verified yet. The present study evaluated the occurrence of natural infection by Influenza A, WN and ND virus of birds in the municipality of Poconé, a subregion of the Pantanal in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. A total of 76 birds belonging to 11 orders and 20 families were captured using mist nets. The most representative order was Passeriformes, followed by the other nine orders, which included Columbiformes, Psittaciformes, Charadriiformes and Anseriformes. The most representative family was Thamnophilidae, with 16 individuals (21.0%, followed by the family Tyrannidae with 10 individuals (7.6% and the family Furnariidae, with eight individuals (10.5%. The bird species were identified, and cloacal and tracheal swab samples were collected. The samples were subjected to RNA extraction and tested for the presence of the three agents by real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR. All the sampled birds were considered healthy, had no clinical sign of infection, and were tested negative for the three viruses. Based on our findings, we can conclude that Influenza, West Nile and Newcastle Disease viruses were absent from the samples in this region of the Pantanal wetlands during the period of this study.

  6. Plantas medicinais usadas para tratamentos dermatológicos, em comunidades da Bacia do Alto Paraguai, Mato Grosso

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    M. Macedo

    Full Text Available O uso de plantas medicinais no Brasil e em especial no Estado de Mato Grosso vem sendo registrado em suas comunidades rurais e tradicionais. Este trabalho visa identificar plantas com potencial dermatológico utilizada pelas comunidades: quilombolas, ribeirinhas, rurais e tradicionais dos municípios de Barão de Melgaço, Nossa Senhora do Livramento, Poconé e Santo Antônio de Leverger. Fez-se a coleta de material botânico fértil e levantamento sobre o uso desses vegetais com a população local. Este material encontra-se identificado e depositado em Coleção de Referência de Plantas Medicinais no UFMT, Herbário Central. Registraram-se 36 espécies utilizadas no tratamento de doenças como afecções, feridas e úlceras, erisipelas, herpes labial e verrugas. Destacam-se espécies como: Astronium fraxinifolium Schott.; Bixa orellana L.; Brosimum gaudichaudii Tréc.; Cassia grandis Lf.; Heliotropium indicum L.; Jacaranda brasiliana (Lam. Pers.; Macrosiphonia velame (St. Hil. Mull. Arg.; Pistia stratiotes L.; Senna alatal. Roxb., entre outras. Estes vegetais são freqüentemente usados na forma de banhos e chás. O órgão vegetal mais utilizado foi as folhas, seguido de cascas do caule, frutos, óleo, raiz, planta inteira, seiva e sementes. O avanço da fronteira agropecuária nesse Estado é constante preocupação dos botânicos e das comunidades que ao longo das décadas usufruem desse potencial medicinal.

  7. Consumo de combustíveis no Brasil e Mato Grosso: estimativa do custo ecológico da emissão de gases de efeito estufa

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    Vallência Maíra Gomes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O principal objetivo deste trabalho foi estimar o nível da emissão de gases deefeito estufa (GEE a partir do consumo de combustíveis fósseis e renováveis noBrasil e no estado de Mato Grosso entre os anos de 2003 e 2010. Uma vezreconhecido o quantum de emissão de GEE, calculou-se o custo ecológico destaemissão a partir dos preços da tonelada de carbono comercializada na BolsaEuropeia do Clima e na Bolsa do Clima de Chicago. A partir deste exercício,estimou-se o peso deste custo ecológico sobre o Produto Interno Bruto do Brasil ede Mato Grosso no período analisado, considerando hipoteticamente a incorporaçãodestes custos externos na matriz produtiva de ambas as referências espaciais.Utilizando a base de dados de consumo de combustíveis do Brasil e de Mato Grossoda Agência Nacional de Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis, foi empregado oMétodo “Top-Down” ou método de referência do IPCC para estimar as emissões dedióxido de carbono. Atrelou-se o preço do carbono nas Bolsas da Europa e dosEstados Unidos à emissão de gases do efeito estufa, para se estimar os custosexternos, chamados aqui também de custos ecológicos. Os resultados mostram queos custos ecológicos estão tendendo a redução neste período, tanto pela contençãoda emissão de GEE frente ao PIB quanto pela tendência negativa dos preços docarbono nas bolsas internacionais.Abstract The main objective of this study was to estimate the level of greenhouse gasesemission (GHG from the consumption of fossil and renewable fuels in Brazil and inthe state of Mato Grosso between the years 2003 and 2010. Once recognized thequantum of GHG emission, was calculated the ecological cost of this emission asfrom the prices of the ton of carbon traded on the European Climate Exchange andon the Chicago Climate Exchange. From this exercise, was estimated the weight ofthis ecological cost on Gross Domestic Product (GDP of the Brazil and of MatoGrosso in the period

  8. Temporal variation in the composition of ant assemblages (Hymenoptera, Formicidae on trees in the Pantanal floodplain, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Stela de Almeida Soares

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Temporal variation in the composition of ant assemblages (Hymenoptera, Formicidae on trees in the Pantanal floodplain, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. In this paper we investigate how seasonal flooding influences the composition of assemblages of ants foraging on trees in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul. During the flood in the Pantanal, a large area is covered by floods that are the main forces that regulate the pattern of diversity in these areas. However, the effects of such natural disturbances in the ant communities are poorly known. In this sense, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of temporal variation in assemblages of ants foraging on trees in the Pantanal of Miranda. Samples were collected during a year in two adjacent areas, one who suffered flooding during the wet period and another that did not suffer flooding throughout the year. In 10 sites for each evaluated habitat, five pitfall traps were installed at random in trees 25 m apart from each other. In the habitat with flooding, the highest richness was observed during the flooding period, while there was no significant change in richness in the area that does not suffer flooding. The diversity of species between the two evaluated habitats varied significantly during the two seasons. Most ants sampled belong to species that forage and nest in soil. This suggests that during the flood in flooded habitats, ants that did not migrate to higher areas without flooding adopt the strategy to search for resources in the tree canopy.

  9. Cyberbulling and otherness at scholl: A study in social representations with students from São José dos Quatro Marcos, Mato Grosso.

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    C. H. M. Barbosa

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article born from project entitled "The multiple faces of the violence at school" developed by the Interdisciplinary Nucleus of Research in Education and Society (NIPES, from Quatro Marcos College, Mato Grosso. The aim of this research was to approach of social representations of bullying and cyberbullying and discuss, thus, the impasses for the construction of otherness, among adolescents, students from public schools from São José dos Quatro Marcos, Mato Grosso. The empirical material was achieved by realization of interviews with participants between 14 and 17 years old, during the first semester of 2010. The Thematic Content Analysis was the method of data analysis listed for the evaluation of sense nucleus, around which, other ideas gravitated, for the explanation of social representations of bullying, cyberbullying and possible correlations of these with the dealing with the difference, at the scholar ambit. The results showed that the use of the Internet by research subjects and the intergroup relations, at school, are strongly related. The "teasing" and the placement of nicknames, among students, seemed to be the privileged way to deal with the different, who was mocked, in virtual space, for not being well-liked or accepted, within a group. Guided by discredit and disregard to the moral integrity, the teasing had teenager colleagues and teachers as main targets, being this realization justified, for the interviewees, authors of these acts, for being "something natural from adolescence."

  10. Diagnóstico de leishmaniose canina na área urbana do município de Cuiabá, Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Saulo Teixeira de Moura

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Iniciou-se um estudo sobre a ocorrência de leishmaniose visceral e tegumentar em cães da área urbana de Cuiabá, Estado de Mato Grosso. No período de agosto de 1997 a julho de 1998, foram coletadas amostras de sangue de 800 cães, de diferentes bairros de Cuiabá, escolhidos aleatoriamente, e remetidos ao Serviço de Parasitologia do Instituto Municipal de Medicina Veterinária Jorge Vaitsman, no Rio de Janeiro, para exame pelo teste de imunofluorescência indireta. Foram processadas preliminarmente 62 amostras de soro, das quais 64,5% (40 amostras estavam positivas para leishmaniose. Quanto às titulações encontradas nos soros reagentes, 92,5% (37 amostras apresentaram títulos acima de 1:160, sugerindo forte suspeita da presença de leishmaniose visceral. Deste total, 72,5% (29 amostras dos soros positivos são provenientes de cães da região Sul-Leste e 27,5% (11 amostras da região Centro-Leste de Cuiabá. Este é o primeiro registro da detecção de cães sorologicamente positivos para leishmaniose em área urbana do Estado de Mato Grosso.

  11. Mesh size and bird capture rates in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil

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    Piratelli A.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Mist-nets alternating 36-mm and 61-mm mesh in woods and low vegetation of "cerrado" (Brazilian savanna tested bird-capture efficiency relative to bird length and mass. Of 1,296 birds captured and 102 species, 785 (93 species were with 36-m mesh and 511 (69 species with 61-mm mesh. The 61-mm mesh improved capture rates only for some larger species; so, in general, 36-mm mesh mist-nets are more appropriate for field work in "cerrado" areas.

  12. Mesh size and bird capture rates in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil

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    A. Piratelli

    Full Text Available Mist-nets alternating 36-mm and 61-mm mesh in woods and low vegetation of "cerrado" (Brazilian savanna tested bird-capture efficiency relative to bird length and mass. Of 1,296 birds captured and 102 species, 785 (93 species were with 36-m mesh and 511 (69 species with 61-mm mesh. The 61-mm mesh improved capture rates only for some larger species; so, in general, 36-mm mesh mist-nets are more appropriate for field work in "cerrado" areas.

  13. Dieta de Astyanax asuncionensis (Characiformes, Characidae, em riachos da bacia do rio Cuiabá, Estado do Mato Grosso = Diet of Astyanax asuncionensis (Characiformes, Characidae, in streams of the Cuiabá river basin, Mato Grosso State

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    Cristina da Silva Borba

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A dieta de Astyanax asuncionensis, em riachos da bacia do rio Cuiabá, Estado do Mato Grosso, durante períodos de chuva e seca, foi descrita, sendo suas variações associadas ao grau de integridade da vegetação ciliar. Para isso, foram realizadas amostragens mensais,entre janeiro e dezembro de 2003, em quatro riachos, com o emprego de pesca elétrica. Foram analisados 213 estômagos, e a dieta foi descrita por meio das porcentagens de ocorrência e volume, combinados ao Índice Alimentar (IAi. Os aspectos da dieta abordadosconsistiram na composição, na origem dos recursos e na amplitude do nicho alimentar (Índice de Levins. O espectro alimentar incluiu 22 itens, sendo que os recursos alóctones dominaram, principalmente insetos, independente do local e período. A amplitude do nichoalimentar foi, em geral, maior no período de chuva. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que essas populações de A. asuncionensis são sustentadas por recursos de origem terrestre, especialmente Hymenoptera e demonstram a importância da mata ciliar no aporte dealimento. Considerando que os riachos apresentam diferentes graus de degradação da mata ciliar, estes resultados indicam que a manutenção da vegetação e a recuperação das áreas degradadas é condição altamente relevante para manutenção desta espécie nestes riachos.The goal of this study was to assess the diet of A. asuncionensis in four streams. Fish samples were carried out monthly from January to December 2003, using electrofishing. Stomach contents of 213 individuals were analyzed, and the diet was described as for occurrence and volumetric percentage of each item combined in a feeding index (IAi. The diet composition, importance of allochthonous and autochthonous resources, and diet breadth (Levin’s index were assessed among streams and between seasons (dry and rainy. The diet was composed of 22 feeding items; allochthonous resources (especially insects dominated the diet in all streams

  14. Plantas medicinais com potencial ornamental: um estudo no cerrado de Mato Grosso.

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    Germano Guarim Neto

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Com a introdução de espécies vegetais no Brasil, as plantas nativas foram sendo substituídas por espécies exóticas, na maioria das cidades. Atualmente, o número de plantas exóticas utilizadas como ornamentais supera muito o das nativas. Observando-se o cerrado, porém, é nítido que muitas espécies características desse bioma têm um expressivo potencial ornamental, razão por que o objetivo do presente trabalho é a divulgação de 50 espécies medicinais do cerrado que podem ser usadas para ornamentação de áreas urbanas e rurais. Considerando-se os estudos realizados e uma recente revisão de espécies medicinais do cerrado mato-grossense, selecionaram-se plantas com características de interesse para o paisagismo. Entre os taxa sugeridos como ornamentais, os de maior número de espécies são da família Bignoniaceae seis espécies e do gênero Anadenanthera (três espécies. As espécies sugeridas são predominantemente arbóreas (58%, mas há também herbáceas (16%, arbustivas (12%, subarbustivas (8%, uma cactácea, uma trepadeira e uma palmeira. A característica que mais teve destaque foi a floração (26,5%, depois a folhagem (25%, a arquitetura (21,5%, a frutificação (18% e o caule (9%. Essas espécies se dequariam para o plantio em jardins residenciais, em praças e parques públicos, para sombreamento, para cercas-vivas ou sob redes elétricas. Ainda há a vantagem de algumas espécies alimentares atraírem pássaros (beija-flores, periquitos, papagaios, entre outros. Sugere-se que sejam determinadas as melhores formas de propagação das espécies e condições do local de plantio.

  15. CLASSIFICAÇÃO CLIMÁTICA E BALANÇO HÍDRICO CLIMATOLÓGICO NO ESTADO DE MATO GROSSO

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    Adilson Pacheco Souza

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho propõe o balanço hídrico climatológico e a classificação climática para 13 estações meteorológicas convencionais (EMC’s, da rede de estações do Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (INMET, localizadas no Estado de Mato Grosso (MT e na divisa entre MT e Goiás (GO. Foram avaliadas as estações denominadas de: Cáceres, Canarana, Diamantino, Gleba Celeste, Matupá, Nova Xavantina, Padre Ricardo Remeter, Poxoréo, Rondonópolis, São José do Rio Claro e São Vicente, e ainda, a estação Aragarças (GO. As temperaturas médias anuais variaram entre 23,00 e 26,84 °C para Cuiabá e São Vicente, respectivamente. As precipitações totais anuais variam de aproximadamente 1200 a 2000 mm para as estações avaliadas, com maiores níveis nas regiões Norte e Médio Norte do Estado e nas regiões com altitudes próximas a 800m. Pela classificação climática de Köppen, as 13 estações avaliadas apresentam apenas dois tipos climáticos:  Aw (demais estações e Cwa (São Vicente. Pela classificação de Thornthwaite ocorrem maiores variabilidades de tipos climáticos, contudo, predomina as características de clima megatérmico, com concentrações da ETP no verão inferiores a 40%. Observa-se a influência da latitude e da altitude nos padrões climáticos do Estado de Mato Grosso.Palavra-chave:climatologia, temperatura do ar, evapotranspiração, regime hídrico, séries temporais.CLIMATE CLASSIFICATION AND CLIMATIC WATER BALANCE IN MATO GROSSO STATE, BRAZIL ABSTRACT This paper proposes the climatic water balance and  climatic classification for 13 conventional meteorological stations (CMS's, from National Institute of Meteorology (INMET networks, located in Mato Grosso State (MT and in the state  division between MT and Goiás State (GO. The evaluated stations are named: Cáceres, Canarana, Diamantino, Gleba Celeste, Matupá, Nova Xavantina, Padre Ricardo Remetter, Poxoréo, Rondonópolis, São José do Rio Claro, S

  16. Migração internacional, saúde e trabalho: uma análise sobre os haitianos em Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Luís Henrique da Costa Leão

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda as relações entre imigração, saúde e trabalho e tem o objetivo de caracterizar a população de imigrantes haitianos em Cuiabá e Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso, Brasil, destacando suas condições de trabalho. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório com base em dados primários, coletados por meio de um inquérito aplicado à população haitiana em Cuiabá em 2014-2015. Foram entrevistados 452 haitianos residentes em Cuiabá e Várzea Grande (sendo 373 homens e 79 mulheres, e os resultados indicaram uma precária situação social dos imigrantes haitianos no Estado de Mato Grosso, marcada por elevada proporção de desemprego. Dos imigrantes entrevistados, 52,7% estavam trabalhando e 26,5% relataram carga horária semanal superior a 48 horas. Os dois principais grupos de ocupações exercidos por imigrantes haitianos em Cuiabá foram a construção civil e o setor de serviços e a maioria dos trabalhadores exerciam funções aquém da sua formação e profissões exercidas no Haiti. Os principais riscos percebidos nesses dois setores foram físicos (53,2% e 63,4%, respectivamente e de acidentes (23,4% e 17,1%, respectivamente e também foram relatadas manifestações de sofrimento físico e psicossocial. Essa pesquisa aponta para a precária condição social, econômica e laboral da população haitiana na capital mato-grossense.

  17. Composição da mastofauna de médio e grande porte na reserva indígena "Parabubure", Mato Grosso, Brasil Composition of medium and large-sized mammalian fauna from "Parabubure" indian reserve, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Ednaldo Cândido Rocha

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O Cerrado, segundo maior bioma brasileiro, foi considerado um dos 25 hotspots do planeta, por apresentar alto grau de endemismo e ser uma das regiões biologicamente mais ricas e ameaçadas em termos mundiais. Mas muitas áreas desse bioma ainda carecem de conhecimentos elementares sobre seu potencial biológico, evidenciando-se a necessidade de gerar informações através de inventários e diagnósticos ambientais. Nesses termos, este estudo objetivou inventariar as espécies de mamíferos de médio e grande portes na Reserva Indígena "Parabubure", Município de Campinápolis, leste do Estado de Mato Grosso. Para tanto, no período compreendido entre 12 de agosto e 27 de setembro de 2005, a porção leste da reserva, com cerca de 25.000 ha, foi aleatoriamente percorrida em busca de evidências de mamíferos de médio e grande portes. A amostragem incluiu métodos diretos (sinais acústicos e visualizações e indiretos (pegadas, fezes e tocas para o registro das espécies. Foram obtidos registros de 30 espécies de mamíferos silvestres, 28 de médio e grande portes e duas de pequeno porte, sendo sete listadas como ameaçadas de extinção em nível nacional. Por fim, embora enfrente queimadas periódicas, aparentemente a principal fonte de ameaça à mastofauna na Reserva Indígena "Parabubure" é a caça, tanto a realizada pelos índios Xavantes, sem um plano de sustentabilidade baseado na capacidade de suporte de cada espécie, quanto a praticada por outros agentes.Cerrado, the second largest Brazilian biome, was considered as one of the 25 hotspots of the planet due to its high rate of endemism and because it is one the richest biological regions besides, also considered globally threatened. However, a lot of areas belonging to its biome are needed of elementary knowledge about its biological potential, highlighting the necessity of producing information by making inventories and environmental diagnostics. Based on that, this work aimed

  18. Resistência anti-helmíntica de nematóides gastrintestinais em ovinos, Mato Grosso do Sul Anthelmintic resistance of gastrointestinal nematodes in sheep, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Eurico A. Sczesny-Moraes

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Entre os métodos de controle da verminose gastrintestinal em ovinos, a utilização de produtos químicos é o mais empregado. Porém, o uso indiscriminado e continuado desses produtos tem selecionado populações de helmintos resistentes aos anti-helmínticos, fenômeno relatado no mundo todo. Este trabalho teve como objetivo identificar as espécies de parasitos gastrintestinais e diagnosticar a situação da resistência anti-helmíntica em ovinos no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. Foram realizados testes de redução na contagem de ovos por grama de fezes (OPG em rebanhos de dezesseis propriedades rurais; as sete formulações utilizadas continham as seguintes bases farmacológicas: Albendazol, Ivermectina, Levamisole, Triclorfon, Moxidectina, Closantel e uma contendo as três primeiras associadas. As espécies identificadas nas necropsias, em ovinos adultos, foram: Haemonchus contortus, Trichostrongylus colubriformis, Cooperia curticei, C. punctata, C. pectinata e Oesophagostomum columbianum; em ordem de prevalência. As formulações contendo Albendazol e Ivermectina não apresentaram eficácia na redução de OPG nos rebanhos testados, com médias de redução de 0,7 e -19,6%, respectivamente. Closantel apresentou eficácia média de 6,7%; Levamisole, Moxidectina e Triclorfon de 28,7, 26,8 e 65%, respectivamente; a associação das três bases (Albendazol, Ivermectina e Levamisole, uma média de eficácia de 55,8%. As percentagens médias de larvas infectantes recuperadas nas coproculturas, tanto no pré como no pós-tratamento, foram semelhantes; indicando que a resistência às bases testadas está presente em todas as espécies citadas, em maior ou menor intensidade. Os dois gêneros predominantemente resistentes são Haemonchus sp., com 86,9%; seguido por Trichostrongylus sp., com média de 47,5%; Strongyloides sp. 33,6%; Oesophagostomum, sp. 21,4% e Cooperia sp. 19,7%.Among the methods of control of gastrointestinal worms in sheep

  19. Dípteros fanídeos vetores de ovos de Dermatobia hominis em Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Gomes Patrícia R.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Determinou-se a importância epidemiológica de dípteros Fanniidae na infestação de mosca-do-berne, por meio da identificação das espécies presentes, da determinação daquelas utilizadas por Dermatobia hominis na veiculação de seus ovos, bem como, pelo conhecimento da dinâmica populacional das espécies mais abundantes. Foram utilizadas cinco armadilhas iscadas com fígado bovino cru deteriorado e colocadas em uma mata ciliar margeada por uma área de pastagem com presença constante de bovinos. O estudo foi desenvolvido em uma área da Embrapa Gado de Corte, em Campo Grande, Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, localizada a 20º27'S e 54º37'W. A captura dos insetos foi realizada semanalmente durante o período de 09/08/1999 a 03/08/2000. Foi capturado um total de 40.629 moscas da família Fanniidae, pertencendo a cinco espécies do gênero Fannia: F. pusio, F. heydenii, F. bahiensis e F. longipila, e uma a ser identificada. A espécie mais freqüente foi F. pusio, com 63,20% do total capturado, seguida de F. heydenii, com 28,82%. Somente 0,44% do total de fêmeas de F. heydenii (45 exemplares capturadas, principalmente nos meses de agosto e setembro, portavam ovos de D. hominis e o número médio, por indivíduo, foi de 15,98±7,13. Observaram-se ovos de D. hominis apenas na região abdominal dos vetores. F. heydenii predominou no período seco (maio a setembro e início do período chuvoso do ano (outubro e novembro. O número de exemplares portando ovos de D. hominis foi maior no final do período seco do ano, o que explica a alta incidência deste parasito em bovinos nos meses de setembro e outubro.

  20. Fungos micorrízicos arbusculares em fitofisionomias do Pantanal da Nhecolândia, Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Plínio Henrique Oliveira Gomide

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available O bioma Pantanal é reconhecido como uma das maiores extensões úmidas contínua do planeta, com fauna e flora de rara beleza e abundância. Estudos para acessar a diversidade de fungos micorrízicos arbusculares (FMA nesse ambiente são inexistentes. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a ocorrência de FMA nas diferentes fitofisionomias do Pantanal da Nhecolândia, Mato Grosso do Sul. Foram coletadas amostras de solo no período seco e chuvoso em um Neossolo Quartzarênico, em fitofisionomias sujeitas a distintos regimes de inundação: livres de inundação - Floresta Semidecídua (FS e Cerradão (CE; sujeitos à inundação ocasional - Campo limpo, predominando Elyonorus muticus (CLE e Cerrado (CC; e sujeitos à inundação sazonal - Campo limpo, predominando Andropogon spp. (CLA, borda de baias (BB e vazante/baixadas (VB. Culturas armadilhas foram estabelecidas com Brachiaria brizantha para recuperar espécies crípticas de FMA. De cada amostra de solo, foram realizadas a caracterização química do solo e extração dos esporos de FMA para determinar abundância, riqueza e identificação das espécies. Um total de 37 espécies de FMA, pertencentes a 10 gêneros e seis famílias foram detectadas nas duas estações de coleta. O número de esporos variou significativamente entre as fitofisionomias, e os maiores valores foram encontrados em CE e CLA. A maior riqueza específica foi detectada em CC (25 espécies seguida de VB e CE com 22 e 21 espécies, respectivamente. Os resultados deste estudo sugeriram que a diversidade dos FMA está relacionada com a heterogeneidade existente entre as fitofisionomias, e que características químicas do solo têm influência na estruturação das comunidades desses fungos. Considerando que o bioma Pantanal é um dos ecossistemas mais conservado do planeta, o levantamento de ocorrência de FMA realizado neste trabalho forneceu informações importantes para melhor conhecimento da biodiversidade das

  1. Análise de laudos periciais correspondentes a vítimas de estupro em Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Renata Di Martini Paulino

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma análise comparativa de laudos oriundos do Instituto de Análise Laboratoriais Forense – IALF, pertencente à Coordenadoria Geral de Perícia do Mato Grosso do Sul em Campo Grande, a fim de observar a presença de vestígio de esperma encontrado nas vestimentas e nas coletas realizadas por meio de suabes de vítimas de estupro. Foram analisados 895 laudos do período de 2012 a 2015. Os testes estatísticos foram realizados por meio do programa Graphpad Prism 6.0 e os resultados expressos pela diferença entre as médias. A percentagem de amostras positivas oriundas dos exames realizados apenas nas vestes foi estatisticamente significante em relação aos exames realizados nos suabes (p = 0,0063, bem como os outros locais de coleta (p = 0,0031. As coletas realizadas por suabes foram as que apresentaram menor positividade para a presença de esperma, demonstrando que muito embora seja o método de coleta mais utilizado, ele não seria o mais indicado para a recuperação do material biológico. Todavia, embora tenha sido possível avaliar um número maior de amostras positivas quando havia laudo conjunto de vestes e suabes, estes não apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significante quando comparado às amostras de suabes sozinhas (p = 0,0528. Diante das análises, podemos concluir que o suabe sozinho não apresenta uma boa perspectiva de recuperação dos fluidos seminais. Desta forma, recomenda-se que nos casos de crimes sexuais, as vítimas, sempre que possível, devem se submeter ao exame de corpo de delito, apresentando as vestes que utilizava no momento do fato.

  2. Relato de Experiência de uma Psicóloga em um CAPS, Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Virgínia de Albuquerque Mota

    Full Text Available Resumo As políticas de estado voltadas para a saúde mental no Brasil desenvolveram-se no século XX e foram marcadas sucessivamente ao longo deste período pelos modelos asilares e de tratamento moral. A partir da segunda metade do século XX, a Psicologia é instituída como ciência e profissão para se enquadrar à proposta de tratamento moral e ajustamento social dos considerados “desviantes”. Com o advento da reformulação legal e normativa do modelo de assistência à saúde, fruto da Constituição de 1988 e das Leis nº 8.080 e no 8.142 de 1990, um novo campo de atuação e de práticas se coloca para o profissional da Psicologia, ainda que a formação permanecesse a mesma. Este artigo é o relato de experiência de uma psicóloga em um serviço de saúde mental no interior do estado de Mato Grosso, entre 2007 e 2009, que busca refletir sobre a formação profissional e a construção da prática profissional na busca da efetivação desse novo modelo de assistência à saúde mental, voltado para a saúde e a reabilitação psicossocial. Verificou-se que, apesar da implantação do serviço ter se dado de forma verticalizada, uma nova concepção de saúde mental foi construída, em um movimento de reconstrução do significado da finalidade daquela unidade de saúde. Conclui-se que os serviços de atenção à saúde mental são espaços formativos de reconstrução da prática profissional e de cidadania.

  3. Hematological disorders detected in dogs infected by Hepatozoon canis in a municipality in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil

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    L.M. Paiz

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT A retrospective review of hematological reports of nine dogs detected with Hepatozoon canis infection by microscopic examination of blood smears in a laboratory in the municipality of Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil was conducted. This study aimed to evaluate the hematological profile of these infected dogs, in addition to the occurrence of coinfections with other agents that infect blood cells, since studies concerning canine hepatozoonosis in Brazil are scarce and there are some divergences regarding H. canis infection that still require a resolution. The nine cases of H. canis infection were identified among all dogs examined at the studied laboratory in 2009 and 2010, with an occurrence of 7/1,192 (0.59%; 95% CI 0.15 - 1.02% positive dogs in the first year and 2/1,313 (0.15%; 95% CI 0.02 - 0.55% cases in 2010. The analysis of the hematological reports showed an occurrence of coinfection between H. canis and other agents in two (2/9; 22.22%; 95% CI 2.81 - 60.00% dogs, one with E. canis and another with Babesia spp. (1/9; 11.11%; 95% CI 0.28 - 48.24%. Only the blood test of one dog had no alterations, based on reference values. Anemia was the most frequent hematological alteration (6/9; 66.67%; 95% CI 29.93 - 92.51%. Although the occurrence of H. canis infection was low, significative hematological alterations were observed in most infected dogs. Coinfection with Babesia spp. and E. canis was detected in two dogs and the hematological alterations cannot be attributed exclusively to H. canis in these animals. Longitudinal studies would be of fundamental importance to determine the causality of these alterations. These results highlight the importance of differential diagnosis in dogs when there is clinical suspicion of infection by hemoparasites, since the hematological changes in dogs infected by H. canis are quite variable.

  4. Espécies de flebotomíneos (Diptera, Psychodidae coletadas em ambiente urbano em municípios com transmissão de Leishmaniose Visceral do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Species of phlebotomines (Diptera, Psychodidae collected in urban municipalities with transmission of visceral leishmaniasis in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil

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    Paulo Silva de Almeida

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Os flebotomíneos são os vetores naturais de alguns agentes etiológicos de doenças humanas e de animais, tais como protozoários do gênero Leishmania Ross, 1903. A fauna flebotomínica no Mato Grosso do Sul é relativamente bem conhecida e até o momento compõe-se de 54 espécies. O presente estudo baseia-se no levantamento de flebotomíneos em área urbana de 18 municípios com transmissão de leishmaniose visceral no Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, com objetivo de verificar as principais espécies e fornecer subsídios para o programa de controle das leishmanioses. As coletas foram realizadas com armadilhas automáticas luminosas, instaladas mensalmente durante três noites consecutivas, das 18:00 horas às 6:00, no período de dois anos. Foram coletadas 36 espécies dentre os 34.799 exemplares identificados. Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912 e Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes, 1939 foram as espécies mais dispersas, a primeira foi encontrada em 16 e a segunda em 15 dos 18 municípios investigados, contudo, Lu. longipalpis foi predominante em todos esses municípios Ny. whitmani não predominou em nenhum deles. Corumbá contribuiu com 40.92% de todos flebotomíneos capturados e nesse município Lutzomyia cruzi (Mangabeira, 1938 respondeu por 92.50% dos exemplares coletados. Ressalta-se que as espécies do gênero Lutzomyia e Nyssomyia whitmani podem estar envolvidas com a transmissão de leishmanioses no Mato Grosso do Sul.The phlebotomine sand flies are the natural vectors of some etiological agents of human and animal diseases, such as the protozoa of the genus Leishmania Ross, 1903. The phlebotomine fauna in Mato Grosso do Sul is relatively well known and so far consists of 54 species. The present study is based on the survey of the phlebotomine fauna of the urban area of the 18 municipal districts with transmission of visceral leishmaniasis, in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, for the purpose of verifying the main species and

  5. Fatores associados à recidiva em hanseníase em Mato Grosso Factores asociados a recidiva en hanseníasis en Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil Factors associated to relapse of leprosy in Mato Grosso, Central-Western Brazil

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    Silvana Margarida Benevides Ferreira

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar fatores associados à ocorrência de recidiva em hanseníase. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo caso-controle com 159 pacientes maiores de 15 anos diagnosticados com hanseníase em cinco municípios do estado de Mato Grosso, cujas unidades de saúde eram consideradas de referência para o atendimento. O grupo de casos incluiu 53 indivíduos com recidiva de 2005 a 2007 e foi comparado ao grupo controle (106 com alta por cura em 2005, pareados por sexo e classificação operacional. Foram usados dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação, prontuários e entrevistas. Utilizou-se regressão logística condicional e abordagem hierárquica. RESULTADOS: Após análise ajustada, mostraram-se associados à ocorrência de recidiva: indivíduos residentes em casas alugadas (OR = 4,1; IC95%:1,43;12,04, em domicílio de madeira/taipa (OR = 3,2; IC95%: 1,16;8,76, que moravam com mais de cinco pessoas (OR = 2,1; IC95% : 1,03;4,36, com transtorno de uso de álcool (OR = 2,8; IC95%: 1,17;6,79, irregularidade do tratamento (OR = 3,8;IC95%: 1,44;10,02, sem esclarecimento sobre a doença/tratamento (OR = 2,6; IC95%: 1,09;6,13, que usavam transporte coletivo para o acesso à unidade de saúde (OR = 5,5; IC95%: 2,36;12,63, forma clínica da doença (OR = 7,1; IC95%: 2,48;20,52 e esquema terapêutico (OR = 3,7; IC95%: 1,49;9,11. CONCLUSÕES: Os fatores preditivos de recidiva relacionam-se com condições de moradia, hábitos de vida, organização dos serviços de saúde, formas clínicas e esquemas terapêuticos. Cabe aos serviços de saúde oferecer orientações adequadas aos pacientes, bem como garantir a regularidade do tratamento.OBJETIVO: Analizar factores asociados a la ocurrencia de recidiva en hanseníasis. MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo caso-control con 159 pacientes mayores de 15 años diagnosticados con hanseníasis en cinco municipios del Estado de Mato Grosso, Centro-oeste de Brasil, cuyas unidades de salud eran

  6. Intoxicação aguda por Pteridium arachnoideum e Pteridium caudatum em bovinos e distribuição das plantas em Mato Grosso

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    Fernando Henrique Furlan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available São descritos os aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos e patológicos de um surto de intoxicação por Pteridium arachnoideum e Pteridium caudatum em bovinos no Estado de Mato Grosso. A distribuição dessas plantas no Estado, a intensidade de invasão de pastagens e alguns fatores associados à invasão das pastagens por Pteridium spp. são também descritos. Pteridium spp. foi observada em 83 propriedades de nove municípios de Mato Grosso e deste total, amostras de 22 propriedades foram coletadas para identificação taxonômica. Em 22 propriedades identifica-se P. arachnoideum e em duas dessas havia também P. caudatum. O desmatamento e a realização de queimadas parecem estar relacionados com a invasão de Pteridium spp. nas pastagens. Na propriedade em que ocorreu a doença, 306 bovinos foram introduzidos em uma pastagem formada por Brachiaria brizantha intensamente invadida por P. arachnoideum e P. caudatum e desses 22 bovinos adoeceram e morreram. Os principais sinais clínicos foram febre alta, apatia, fadiga, fraqueza e decúbito. Na necropsia havia graus variáveis de hemorragias em vários órgãos e cavidades e infartos ocasionais. Microscopicamente, a alteração mais importante consistiu em aplasia severa da medula óssea vermelha. Os achados epidemiológicos, clínicos e patológicos associados à identoificação taxonômica da planta fundamentam o diagnóstico de intoxicação aguda por P. arachnoideum e P. caudatum em bovinos. O crescente desmatamento e a frequente utilização de queimadas em Mato Grosso podem contribuir para que esta doença venha a ser uma importante fonte de prejuízos para a pecuária do Estado.

  7. Paraparesia espástica tropical/ mielopatia associada ao HTLV-I: relato de dois casos diagnosticados em Cuiabá, Mato Grosso Tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-I associated myelopathy: report of two cases diagnosed in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    ANDERSON KUNTZ GRZESIUK

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available Descrevemos dois casos clínicos de paraparesia espástica tropical/mielopatia associada ao HTLV-I, obedecendo os critérios da OMS-1989. Estes são os primeiros casos diagnosticados em Cuiabá. Em um dos casos houve resposta clínica ao uso de prednisona.We describe two cases of tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-I associated myelopathy, according to the criteria of World Health Organization-1989. These are the first cases diagnosed in Cuiabá (Mato Grosso State, Brazil. One of them had a good response with the treatment with prednisone.

  8. Macro-nutrientes no lençol freático em Floresta Intacta, Floresta de Manejo e Pastagem no norte de Mato Grosso Macro-nutrients in the water sheet in Mature Forest, Management Forest and Pasture in the north of Mato Grosso

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    Nara Luisa Reis de Andrade

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A remoção de uma cobertura florestal e sua substituição por outras formas de uso do solo tem sido uma constante no norte do estado de Mato Grosso podendo alterar os ciclos hidrológicos e biogeoquímicos dos ecossistemas. Neste contexto, o presente trabalho visou identificar a variação do fósforo e nitrogênio das águas do lençol freático em áreas de Floresta de Transição madura e intacta (Floresta Intacta, Floresta de Transição Manejada (Floresta Manejada e Pastagem localizadas no norte de Mato Grosso. Foram realizadas mensalmente medidas do nível do lençol freático, de coletas de amostras de água para análises físico-químicas e medições de precipitação e temperatura do ar, no período de janeiro/2005 a novembro/2006. Verificou-se uma sazonalidade na precipitação e na temperatura do ar. No período de estiagem as águas do lençol freático apresentaram maiores teores de nitrogênio e de fósforo total nas três áreas em estudo. Os maiores valores de nitrogênio e fósforo foram detectados nos ecossistemas florestais (Florestas Intacta e Manejada como indicativo da função da cobertura vegetal na ciclagem dos nutrientes.Forest removal for other land uses has been a constant in the north of Mato Grosso and can alter the hydrological and biochemical cycles. In this context, the present work aims to identify the variation of phosphorus and nitrogen in the water sheet in areas of Mature Forest, Management Forest and Pasture in the north of Mato Grosso. The water level was measured monthly and water samples for analysis were collected monthly from January/2005 to November/2006. We verified the precipitation and the air temperature seasonality, and in the dry season the quality of the water sheet presented greater values of total phosphorus and total Kjeldhal nitrogen in the studied areas. The phosphorus and nitrogen presented greater values in forest ecosystems (Forest and Management Forest as indicative of the function

  9. Crescimento de mudas de mamoeiro conduzidas em diferentes ambientes protegidos, recipientes e substratos na região de Aquidauana, Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul = Growth of papaya seedlings in different protected environments, pots and substrates in Aquidauana, Mato Grosso do Sul State

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    Laura Caroline Rodrigues Vieira

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Experimento com o crescimento e a formação de mudas de mamoeiro foiconduzido em ambientes protegidos na Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul, Unidade Universitária de Aquidauana, nos meses de setembro a novembro de 2006. Foram utilizados quatro ambientes protegidos, dois tipos de recipientes e três composições de substratos. Foram avaliados as alturas de plantas e o número de folhas. Os ambientes telados (monofilamento e aluminizado promoveram maiores alturas de plantas e maiores números de folhas ao longo do desenvolvimento experimental. A sacola de polietileno se mostrou como o melhor recipiente para a produção de mudas de mamoeiro. Os substratos que continham vermiculita apresentaram os melhoresresultados para o crescimento e a formação das mudas. Na fase final de formação das mudas, o ambiente com tela aluminizada promoveu plantas maiores nos melhores substratos. As bandejas de poliestireno não se mostraram viáveis para crescimento e formação de mudas do mamoeiro. O substrato com maior porcentagem de pó-de-serra mostrou ser ineficiente para a produção de mudas de mamoeiro em Aquidauana,Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, necessitando de maior tempo de estabilização biológica.An experiment with growth and formation of papaya seedlings was carried out in the State University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Unit of Aquidauana, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, from September to November 2006. Four protected environments, two kinds of pots and three substrate compositions were evaluated. The height of plants (cm and leaf number were evaluated. The environments covered with screen (black and aluminized monofilament showed best results to height and leaf number during experimental development. Polyethylene bags were the best containers to grow papaya seedlings. The substrate with vermiculite showed the best results in both containers and all environments. In the end phase of seedling formation, the aluminized screen led to bigger

  10. Agronomic characteristics of corn hybrids for silage production in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v35i1.15592 Agronomic characteristics of corn hybrids for silage production in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v35i1.15592

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    Cléverton Marcelino de Almeida

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The experiment was conducted at the Experimental Farm of the Federal University of Mato Grosso in the municipality of Santo Antônio do Leverger, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil to evaluate the agronomic characteristics of corn hybrids in the cultivation of second crop for silage production. The experimental design was carried out with randomized blocks with 23 treatments (hybrids and three replications. Corn hybrids from different seed companies and recommended for the midwestern region of Brazil, were used. The agronomic traits were: stem diameter (cm, plant height and ear insertion (m; yield of green matter (ton. ha-1, percentage of spike, stem and leaves in green mass; ear productivity (ton. ha-1, dry matter content of stem + leaf and whole plant. Hybrids BF 9304, DKB 370, 177 DKB, BF 9534, BF 9417, AG 5020, BE 9701, P 3021 and P 30F98 had the highest production of green matter, plant height and spike insertion. The hybrid BF 9304 was also prominent for spike percentage (50.55%. The experiment was conducted at the Experimental Farm of the Federal University of Mato Grosso in the municipality of Santo Antônio do Leverger, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil to evaluate the agronomic characteristics of corn hybrids in the cultivation of second crop for silage production. The experimental design was carried out with randomized blocks with 23 treatments (hybrids and three replications. Corn hybrids from different seed companies and recommended for the midwestern region of Brazil, were used. The agronomic traits were: stem diameter (cm, plant height and ear insertion (m; yield of green matter (ton. ha-1, percentage of spike, stem and leaves in green mass; ear productivity (ton. ha-1, dry matter content of stem + leaf and whole plant. Hybrids BF 9304, DKB 370, 177 DKB, BF 9534, BF 9417, AG 5020, BE 9701, P 3021 and P 30F98 had the highest production of green matter, plant height and spike insertion. The hybrid BF 9304 was also prominent for spike

  11. Contaminação do ambiente aquático por pesticidas. Estudo de caso: águas usadas para consumo humano em Primavera do Leste, Mato Grosso - análise preliminar Aquatic environment contamination by pesticides. Case study: water used for human consumption in Primavera do Leste, Mato Grosso - preliminary analyses

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    Eliana Freire Gaspar de Carvalho Dores

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available A preliminary analyses of the possible contamination of superficial and underground water by the active ingredients of the pesticide products used in the surroundings of the urban area of Primavera do Leste, Mato Grosso, Brazil, was carried out. A description of the study region and of its environmental characteristics, which can favor the contamination of the local aquatic environment, was presented. The EPA screening criteria, the groundwater ubiquity score (GUS and the criteria proposed by Goss were used to evaluate which pesticides might contaminate the local waters. Among the active ingredients studied, several present risks to the local aquatic environment.

  12. Canine visceral leishmaniasis: seroprevalence and risk factors in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil Leishmaniose visceral canina: soroprevalência e fatores de risco em Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Arleana do Bom Parto Ferreira de Almeida

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In Brazil, canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL is endemic and the number of cases in humans and dogs has increased in the Midwest region. A transversal study was carried out in endemic areas from Cuiabá, State of Mato Grosso, to assess data on seroprevalence and risk factors associated to canine infection. Four hundred and thirty (430 dogs were randomly evaluated through indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT considering variables related to the animals, the environment and the knowledge by owners on CVL aspects and control. From 430 dogs, 95 (22.1% were seroreagent for leishmaniasis and animals living in rural environments present risk 1.9 times higher for acquiring the disease than those in urban environments (p = 0.01; OR 1.9. Factors related to animals' habits, such as free access to the street and guard function were considered indicators to predict infection by Leishmania sp. (p No Brasil, a leishmaniose visceral canina (CLV é endêmica e, na região Centro-Oeste, o número de casos em humanos e cães tem aumentado. Um estudo transversal foi realizado em áreas endêmicas de Cuiabá (MT com objetivo de avaliar dados sobre a soroprevalência e determinar os fatores de risco associados à infecção canina. Quatrocentos e trinta (430 cães foram aleatoriamente avaliados pelo teste de imunofluorescência indireta, considerando-se variáveis relacionadas aos animais, o ambiente e o conhecimento por parte dos proprietários sobre aspectos da CLV e seu controle. Dos 430 cães, 95 (22,1% apresentaram-se soros reagentes para leishmaniose, e os animais que viviam em ambiente rural apresentaram risco 1,9 vezes maior de adquirir a infecção dos que aqueles em ambiente urbano (p = 0,01; OR 1,9. Fatores relacionados aos hábitos dos animais, tais como o livre acesso à rua e função de guarda, foram considerados indicadores para prever a infecção por Leishmania sp. (p.< 0,05 em análise estatística univariada. A presença de atividade agr

  13. Occurrence of Aglae caerulea Lepeletier & Serville (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossini) in the Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães, Mato Grosso State, Brazil.

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    dos Anjos-Silva, Evandson J; Camillo, Evandro; Garófalo, Carlos A

    2006-01-01

    In a study conducted in the gallery forest of the Vale doVeu de Noiva in the Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães, Mato Grosso state, chemical baits were used to attract and sample male orchid bees. From September 2003 to July 2005, male euglossine bees were captured monthly, from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. as they arrived at the baits. Of the 264 males captured, eight males belonged to Aglae caerulea Lepeletier & Serville, a cleptoparasitic euglossine species that presumably occurred only in the Amazon basin. Therefore, the occurrence of A. caerulea in this study area extends its geographical distribution range by approximately 2,400 km southwards in South America, as it is now recorded in both the Amazon and Platina basins.

  14. Sustentabilidade e Gestão de Empreendimentos Hoteleiros: Analisando Hotéis de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Maria Claudia Mancuelho Malta

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo propõe-se a analisar a gestão de empreendimentos hoteleiros sediados na cidade de Campo Grande, MS, a partir dos princípios da sustentabilidade, nas suas dimensões econômica, social e ambiental. Para tanto, foi proposta uma pesquisa exploratória, de abordagem qualitativa, em forma de estudo de caso, com entrevistas semiestruturadas aos gerentes de seis hotéis do município em análise. Constatou-se que a sustentabilidade nos hotéis investigados encontra-se em estado inicial, sobretudo por conta da falta de informações acerca de seus aspectos constitutivos. Ademais, os maiores níveis de ações sustentáveis são evidenciados em hotéis pertencentes a grandes redes. Logo, sugere-se o acirramento da difusão do conceito; bem como o efetivo incentivo para sua implantação como método de gestão organizacional – contribuindo no estímulo ao estabelecimento de relações harmoniosas entre as diversas atividades econômicas, o ambiente, a cultura e as especificidades socioespaciais dos territórios. Palavras-chave: Turismo. Empreendimentos hoteleiros. Sustentabilidade. Campo Grande, MS. Sustainability Principles and Hotel Enterprises Management: Analyzing Hotels in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil - This paper proposes to analyze hotels management in Campo Grande, MS, considering the principles of sustainability in its economic, social and environmental dimensions. The research proposed presents an exploratory and qualitative approach, in the form of case study, with semi-structured interviews to managers of six hotels in the city in question. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed through content analysis. It was found that sustainability in the hotels is still in an initial state, mainly due to the lack of information about its constituent aspects. Moreover, it was noted that higher levels of sustainable actions are observed in hotels belonging to hotel networks. Thus, it is suggested the

  15. Coleus barbatus Benth and Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae, New Host Plants to Spodoptera cosmioides (Walker (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae in Sinop, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Evaldo Pires

    2014-04-01

    Resumo. Coleus barbatus Benth e Ocimum basilicum L. são espécies de plantas comumente utilizadas com fins medicinais e gastronômicos, respectivamente. Lagartas do gênero Spodoptera são generalistas devido à ampla variedade de plantas que utilizam como recurso alimentar. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi registrar a ocorrência de Spodoptera cosmioides (Walker (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae no município de Sinop, Mato Grosso, Brasil, e ainda, relatar C. barbatus e O. basilicum como potenciais plantas hospedeiras para esta espécie de inseto. Recomenda-se ainda a inclusão de S. cosmioides em monitoramentos visando o Manejo Integrado de Pragas (MIP nestas plantas.

  16. Cerambycidae (Insecta, Coleoptera Associados à Vochysia divergens Pohl (Vochysiaceae na Região Norte do Pantanal de Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Marinêz Marques

    2014-08-01

    Abstract. This study aims the registration of the association between Cerambycidae and Vochysia divergens Pohl (Vochysiaceae, typical plant species of the northern region of the Pantanal of Mato Grosso that besides forming monodominant stands and is considered a weed of fields and pastures in this region. In this study, branches and trunks of this specie were collected over one year (July/1999 - June/2000 and lab monitored for density and emergency time evaluation of Cerambycidae. As results 277 individuals were sampled, representing three species of Cerambycidae, Psapharochrus bivittis (White, Luscosmodicum beaveari Martins and Neoeme bouvieri Gounelle. In addition to registration of the association, it was noted that the emergence peak of Cerambycidae coincides with the beginning of flood and high water period in northern Pantanal, showing the synchronization between the biological development of this species and the hydrological cycle in this region

  17. Gestão da Assistência Farmacêutica e demandas judiciais em pequenos municípios brasileiros: um estudo em Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Cláudia Du Bocage Santos Pinto

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi caracterizar a gestão da Assistência Farmacêutica, frente ao cenário da judicialização, em municípios de Mato Grosso do Sul. Foram visitadas as 27 comarcas de segunda entrância, e as informações referentes aos processos judiciais que demandavam medicamentos foram coletadas. Foram selecionados seis municípios para caracterizar a gestão da Assistência Farmacêutica através de entrevistas em profundidade com gestores. Foram identificadas deficiências graves nas atividades da Assistência Farmacêutica, possivelmente consolidando os problemas advindos dos pleitos judiciais, contrariando o que era esperado. Estima-se, assim, que a gestão incipiente da Assistência Farmacêutica nos municípios seria o principal determinante para o incremento das demandas.

  18. Correlação espacial dos atributos químicos do solo com o desenvolvimento da teca em Mato Grosso

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    Vanderley Severino dos Santos

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the spatial correlations of soil chemical attributes with the development of teak (Tectona grandis in the city of Nossa Senhora do Livramento, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. It was allocated 46 permanent plots of 15 m x 30 m. From the stand it was obtained the mean annual values of diameter at 1.3 m above the ground and total height of second to ninth years of age. Soil samples from 0 to 0.20 m depth were also obtained at the second year, to determine pH, calcium, magnesium and aluminum, phosphorus and potassium for subsequent modeling of spatial patterns by geostatistics. The diameter at 1.3 m and the total height of teak present higher spatial correlation with the chemical soil attributes pH and calcium, low spatial similarity with potassium and magnesium, absence for phosphorus and inverse relationship with aluminum.

  19. Fauna of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae in areas with endemic American cutaneous leishmaniasis in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Paulo Silva de Almeida

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Fauna of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae in areas with endemic American cutaneous leishmaniasis in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The aim of this study was to investigate the ecological aspects of the main vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL in four monitoring stations situated in the municipalities of Naviraí, Nova Andradina, Novo Horizonte do Sul and Rio Verde de Mato Grosso. For each monitoring station, the captures of sand flies were undertaken each month from July 2008 to June 2010 using CDC and Shannon traps. The CDC traps were installed simultaneously for three consecutive nights in three collection sites: intradomicile, peridomicile and edge of the forest. A Shannon trap was installed from dusk to 10 pm, inside the forest, one night per month. A total of 7,651 sand flies belonging to nine genera and twenty-nine species were captured. Nyssomyia neivai (52.95%, Psathyromyia hermanlenti (10.91%, Psathyromyia runoides (9.16%, Nyssomyia whitmani (7.95%, Psathyromyia aragaoi (4. 89%, Nyssomyia antunesi (3.14% and Evandromyia bourrouli (2.20% were the most frequent species. Approximately 65% of the sand flies were collected in the forest environment. The municipalities presented significantly different indexes of species diversity. Naviraí presented the lowest species diversity index, however, it showed the highest abundance. Novo Horizonte do Sul had the highest species diversity index, but the lowest abundance (< 5%. It is noteworthy the occurrence of vector species of Leishmania in the areas studied, especially in Naviraí, where Ny. neivai presented high frequencies which may explain the increased number of ACL cases in this municipality.

  20. MATRIZ INSUMO-PRODUTO DE MATO GROSSO 2007: CONSTRUÇÃO E ANÁLISE DOS PRINCIPAIS INDICADORES ECONÔMICOS

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    Margarida Garcia de Figueiredo

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available O estado de Mato Grosso vem apresentando expressivas taxas de crescimento econômico nos últimos anos, de modo que a utilização da matriz insumo-produto, como estratégia de política econômica, representaria não somente a busca da manutenção desse crescimento econômico, mas a preocupação de que o mesmo se traduza em desenvolvimento sócio-econômico. Assim, o presente artigo tem como objetivo geral a apresentação das notas metodológicas de construção da matriz insumo-produto para o Mato Grosso, acompanhadas de uma análise geral da estrutura produtiva da economia do estado. Os principais métodos de análise utilizados no estudo foram os índices de ligações inter-setoriais, bem como os multiplicadores de emprego, renda e produção. Os resultados empíricos confirmaram a importância dos setores primários em termos de suas relações comerciais com as demais atividades, como forma de estimular o aquecimento da economia. Finalmente, através da análise dos multiplicadores, foi possível identificar a importância de diversos setores relacionados ao agronegócio, no que diz respeito às suas capacidades de geração direta e indireta de emprego e renda na economia.

  1. Land Transformation and Occupation Impacts of Farming Practices for the Production of Soybean in Mato Grosso, Brazil, Using Life Cycle Impact Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lathuilliere, M. J.; Miranda, E. J.; Couto, E. G.; Johnson, M. S.

    2014-12-01

    The state of Mato Grosso is the largest producer of soybean in Brazil with production continuously increasing since 2000 through a near tripling of cropland area under soybean cultivation. This increase in production has occurred by land cover transformation (extensification into natural ecosystems, e.g. forest to crop) and land use intensification (increase in area by conversion of already cleared land, e.g. pasture to crop), largely to satisfy international demand. In this study, we assess cradle-to-farm gate impacts of soybean production in Mato Grosso using life cycle impact assessment applied to data collected from 110 farms. We combine 21 impact indicators of land transformation and occupation (i.e. land use and land cover change) to show impacts of life cycle stages of production to land, air, water, resource use, biodiversity and ecosystem services. The greatest damage to human health and ecosystem quality came from land transformation which primarily takes place in the tropical forest (Amazon) and savanna (Cerrado/Cerradão) biomes. Soybean production in tropical forest landscapes has greater impacts on climate regulation, biotic production and groundwater recharge compared to production in native savanna areas, while impacts on biodiversity, erosion and soil water purification are roughly equivalent for tropical forest vs. savanna transformation and occupation. Soybean production practices showed hot spots of damage to environmental quality and resources from phosphorous fertilizer application and diesel consumption in machinery through impact pathways such as terrestrial and aquatic acidification and the use of non-renewable energy. Life cycle impact assessment modeling can provide further information into the production process to enlighten decision making with respect to impacts occurring along the soybean product supply chain.

  2. ANÁLISE DOS PRINCIPAIS FATORES DETERMINANTES DO NÍVEL DE RENDA NO ESTADO DE MATO GROSSO: UM ESTUDO COM BASE NOS MICRODADOS DA PNAD 2009

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    Daniel Lindomar Pegorini

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo faz uma análise do impacto que os fatores escolaridade, experiência, sexo, cor e setor de atividade (agrícola ou não causam na determinação do nível de renda pessoal no Estado de Mato Grosso utilizando os microdados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílio (PNAD 2009. O trabalho tem como foco identificar a existência de desigualdades na renda dadas às características dos indivíduos.  A metodologia consiste na estimação da equação de salários  do  capital humano  (Mincer, 1974  a  partir  dos  Mínimos  Quadrados  Ordinários.  Os  resultados  revelam,  no  Mato  Grosso  uma estrutura semelhante à observada para os Estados Unidos (Oaxaca, 1973 e para o Brasil (Carvalho et al, 2006, onde a renda é uma função crescente com relação à escolaridade e experiência e existe uma diferença significativa nos rendimentos pessoais dadas as características gênero e raça.  Alternativas para  a  mitigação  dessa  discrepância  entre  rendimentos  estariam  no  investimento  em  programas  de qualificação pessoal (investimento em capital humano

  3. CRESCIMENTO DE NIM (Azadrachta indica A Juss EM PLANTIO PURO E CONSORCIADO NO NORTE DE MATO GROSSO

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    Dirceu Lúcio Carneiro Miranda

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente estudo foi descrever o crescimento em Azadirachta indica e ajustar um modelo matemático para a estimativa do seu volume. Os dados para análise do crescimento foram obtidos mediante a análise de tronco completa em árvores de um plantio puro e outro consorciado. Por meio de regressão linear foram testados e ajustados 6 modelos para a estimativa do volume. As médias para o diâmetro, altura e volume foram 7,64 cm e 6,35 cm; 6,34 m e 6,3 m; 0,017990m³ e 0,001480m³, respectivamente para os plantios puro e consorciado. Na variável diâmetro, as curvas de ICA e IMA para o plantio puro e consorciado se interceptaram aos 4,5 e 5 anos respectivamente, enquanto que para a variável altura os incrementos se cruzam aos 2 anos de idade. Para variável volume, não houve o cruzamento dos incrementos, ou seja, não ocorreu a máxima produção física. A estimativa do volume da espécie pode ser obtida com boa precisão pelo modelo de Meyer apresentando R²aj 0,923 e Syx 18,02%. Conclui-se que Azadirachta indica, possui um crescimento considerado lento quando comparado a outros plantios para fins comerciais. Palavras-chave: incremento corrente anual, análise de tronco completa, equações de volume. NEEM (Azadrachta indica A. Juss GROWTH IN PURE AND INTERCROPPED PLANTING IN NORTHERN MATO GROSSO ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to describe the growth in Azadirachta indica and fit a mathematical model to estimate its volume. Data for growth analysis were obtained by analysis of the complete tree trunk in pure and another consortium plantation. By means of linear regression, were tested and adjusted six volume estimating models. The averages for diameter, height and volume were 7.64 cm and 6.35 cm, 6.34 m and 6.3 m; 0.017990 and 0.001480 m³, respectively, for the pure and intercropped plantations. In diameter variable, the ICA and IMA curves for pure and intercropping planting intercepted in 4.5 and 5 years respectively, while

  4. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants by population of Valley of Juruena Region, Legal Amazon, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bieski, Isanete Geraldini Costa; Leonti, Marco; Arnason, John Thor; Ferrier, Jonathan; Rapinski, Michel; Violante, Ivana Maria Povoa; Balogun, Sikiru Olaitan; Pereira, João Filipe Costa Alves; Figueiredo, Rita de Cassia Feguri; Lopes, Célia Regina Araújo Soares; da Silva, Dennis Rodrigues; Pacini, Aloir; Albuquerque, Ulysses Paulino; Martins, Domingos Tabajara de Oliveira

    2015-09-15

    The use of medicinal plants for treatment, cure and prevention of diseases has been described by many people since time immemorial. Because of this use, commercial and scientific interests have emerged, making it necessary to realize ethnobotanical surveys of medicinal plants species, which is important for subsequent chemical and pharmacological bioprospections. This study aimed at surveying, identifying, cataloging and documenting the medicinal plants species used in the Valley of Juruena, Northwestern Mato Grosso, Legal Amazon Brazil for the treatment of various human diseases, as well as assessed the species of interest for bioprospecting potential. Informants were interviewed using semi-structured form to capture information on socio-demographic and ethnopharmacological data of medicinal plants such as vernacular name, uses, geographic origin, habit, form of preparation and part used. Results were analyzed using descriptive and quantitative means: indices of use-report (Ur) and informant consensus factor (ICF), for the selection of plant species with therapeutic potential. Three hundred and thirty two (332) plants species belonging to 90 families were reported for medicinal purposes and totaling 3973 use-reports were reported by 365 (92.9%) of the people interviewed. Asteraceae (32.2%), Fabaceae (26.7%) and Lamiaceae (24.4%) families were the most represented, with majority being species native (64.45%) to Brazil. Leaves (64.5%) were the part of the plant most used and infusion (45.7%) was the most utilized form. Gastrointestinal disorders followed by respiratory complaints topped the list of use-reports. The native or naturalized plants with the highest use reports in the order of decreasing absolute frequency per each emic-category are Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapfc (104), Mentha pulegium L. (94), Arrabidaea chica (Humb. & Bonpl.) B. Verl. (97), Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze (71), Baccharis crispa Spreng (57), Phyllanthus niruri L. (48), Gossypium

  5. LBA-ECO ND-11 Pre-harvest Forest Tree and Liana Biomass, NW Mato Grosso, Brazil: 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ABSTRACT: Tree and liana (vine) measurements were collected in a logging concession at the Fazenda Rohsamar in the municipality of Jurena in northwestern Mato...

  6. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in swine matrices in Nova Mutum and Diamantino, Mato Grosso, Brazil Soroprevalência de infecção por Toxoplasma gondii em matrizes suínas em Nova Mutum e Diamantino, Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Lívia Saab Muraro

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This report aimed to assess the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in 708 swine matrices in Nova Mutum and Diamantino in the state of Mato Grosso, Central-West Brazil. Serum samples were examined by indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT. It was found a seroprevalence of 12.8%, considering titers >64. Therefore, the data reinforce the need for appropriate management of swine raising to minimize the risk of infection of pigs with T. gondii.No presente trabalho, objetivou-se avaliar a soroprevalência da infecção por Toxoplasma gondii, em 708 matrizes suínas dos municípios de Nova Mutum e Diamantino do Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil. As amostras de soro foram examinadas por meio da reação de imunofluorescência indireta (RIFI. Foi encontrada a frequência de 12,8% de soros positivos, com diluições iguais ou superiores a 64. Portanto, os dados obtidos reforçam a necessidade de um manejo de criação adequado, visando à minimização do risco de infecção de suínos por T. gondii.

  7. Conhecimento dos moradores do médio Araguaia, Estado do Mato Grosso, sobre a utilidade de produtos de abelhas (Hymenoptera, Apidae = Knowledge of the inhabitants of the Mid-Araguaia region, Mato Grosso State, about the usefulness of bee (Hymenoptera, Apidae products

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    Anna Frida Hatsue Modro

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve como objetivo conhecer as indicações de uso dos produtos das abelhas. As entrevistas foram realizadas com representantes de 14 municípios do médio Araguaia, Estado do Mato Grosso, entre os meses de janeiro e fevereiro de 2007. No médio Araguaia, houve indicações de uso para mel, cera, veneno e própolis, principalmente para fins medicinais. O mel foi o produto mais utilizado (75,49%, o consumo é principalmente por ingestão (79,59%e in natura (71,43%. Os produtos das abelhas são utilizados, pela maioria, para fins medicinais (77,55% e recomendados para tratar afecções na garganta (63,27%.The objective of this study was to find out the use indications for bee products. The interviews were carried out with representatives of 14 municipalities of the Mid-Araguaia River region, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, during the months of January and February 2007. In the Mid- Araguaia there were indications of use honey, beeswax, poison and propolis, mainly for medicinal purposes. Honey was the most used product (75.49%. The consumption is mainly by ingestion (79.59% and in natura (71.43%. The bee products are used, by the majority of the users, for medicinal purposes (77.55%, and they are recommended to heal throat infections (63.27%.

  8. Diagnosis and evaluation of the environmental interference in the nascent and streams due to the passing of the Bolivia-Mato Grosso pipeline in the Serrana Province; Diagnostico e avaliacao das interferencias ambientais nas nascentes e corregos da Provincia Serrana, decorrentes da passagem do gasoduto Bolivia-Mato Grosso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durao, Alaide M. [Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso, Cuiaba, MT (Brazil); Durao, Claudia V.M. [Bio-Geo Consultoria Ambiental, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2003-07-01

    The investigated area involves the Pipeline Row of Bolivia Mato-Grosso, inserted in the South-center of The Serrana Province (Almeida, 1964). The south-center section of Serrana Province is a water divisor from those that leaks west directly to Paraguay River from the waters that leaks on the east side to Pantanal. This work has as main subject, to diagnose and to value the environmental impacts that occurred and can occur in the future on the brooks and springs where there were Pipeline Bolivia Mato-Grosso interference on its crossing at the Serrana area, in Caceres municipality. The springs monitor were done during 18 months (march, 2001 to September, 2001), during and after the ending of the works, including different climates and hydrologic conditions, making it possible to diagnose and to value the draining behavior on the drought and on the overflow epoch. So, we believe that the knowledge about the interferences, risks and alterations that reflects on the fluvial duct of the sub-basin that drains the Serrana Province and leaks to Paraguay River may be contributing indirectly or directly to the Pantanal conservation. (author)

  9. Análise da Apicultura no Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul: um enfoque na mudança organizacional

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    Lidiane Parron Gonçalves

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A profissionalização da apicultura no Brasil é recente, sendo no Mato Grosso do Sul mais nítido ainda. A apicultura traz inúmeros benefícios: gera emprego e renda, é uma atividade de baixo custo, não agride ao meio ambiente, além de ser rentável. Assim, este estudo visa compreender como ocorreu o processo de mudança organizacional na apicultura sul-mato-grossense. Para tanto, partiu-se como suporte teórico a abordagem de análise desenvolvida por Motta (2001, subdividida nas perspectivas: cultural, estratégica, estrutural, tecnológica, humana e política. Quanto aos procedimentos metodológicos, caracteriza-se: qualitativa, descritiva e estudo de caso. Para a coleta dos dados utilizou-se entrevista semiestruturada. A partir da coleta foram identificadas perspectivas na mudança organizacional (categorias de análise. Os resultados indicam: necessidade da profissionalização para sobrevivência, ausência de planejamento estruturado, dificuldades específicas na região Central do país, parcerias e associações são fundamentais para o sucesso da atividade, interdependência com os pequenos produtores, entre outros.

  10. Mercúrio total em cabelos: uma contribuição para se avaliar o nível de exposição em Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brasil Total mercury in hair: a contribution to the evaluation of mercury exposure levels in Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Flávia Nogueira

    1997-10-01

    Full Text Available Ocorrem na Bacia do Rio Bento Gomes (MT, às margens do Pantanal Mato-grossense, cerca de sessenta garimpos de ouro, onde o mercúrio é utilizado de forma intensiva nos processos de produção, através da formação de amálgamas que facilitam a aglutinação de partículas finas. A queima do amálgama nem sempre é feita em sistemas fechados de recuperação, havendo, portanto, perda de vapor para a atmosfera. Este estudo traz resultados de análises de mercúrio total nos cabelos de quatro grupos de voluntários que vivem em Poconé (MT, e faz uma caracterização geral do ambiente no que se refere à presença do metal na água e no sedimento do Rio Bento Gomes. Um equipamento de detecção por fluorescência foi usado para a determinação das concentrações, e os resultados indicam que os valores são mais baixos do que os de outras populações de áreas de garimpo no Brasil. Indicam também que a via ocupacional parece ser a mais eficiente rota potencial de contaminação da população por mercúrio.There are some 60 gold-mining sites in the Bento Gomes River basin (Mato Grosso, at the border of the Mato Grosso Pantanal (Swamp, where mercury is used to agglutinate fine gold particles through amalgamation. During burning of the amalgam to release the gold, mercury vapor is lost to the atmosphere, since closed systems for mercury recovery are not always used. This study shows the results of total mercury analysis in hair from four volunteer groups living in Poconé, Mato Grosso, and presents a general environmental description pertaining to the presence of mercury in water and sediments from the Bento Gomes River. Atomic fluorescence was used for measuring mercury concentrations. The results were lower than for other populations from gold-mining areas in Brazil.

  11. O programa de alimentação escolar no estado de Mato Grosso: da centralização à descentralização (1979 - 1995 The school meal program in the state of Mato Grosso from centralization to decentralization (1979 - 1995

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    Maria Angélica dos Santos SPINELLI

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a constituição, organização institucional e desempenho do programa de alimentação escolar no Estado de Mato Grosso no período de 1979 a 1995. São enfatizados os seguintes aspectos: o período de transição do modelo de gestão centralizada à descentralizada; as influências das agências federais nas intervenções estaduais; as prioridades e ações das gestões dos governos mato-grossenses. Este estudo reconstitui e analisa o desempenho de uma política assistencial, valendo-se da coleta e análise de dados secundários e primários (20 entrevistas com agentes institucionais. Os resultados mostram a estreita dependência das intervenções estaduais das federais e o deslocamento do modelo centralizado para o descentralizado. A dinâmica, intensidade e ritmo desta mudança foram influenciados, de um lado, pelas estratégias federais e, de outro, pelas prioridades, graus de anuência e capacidades institucionais dos governos estaduais, desempenhando-se heterogeneamente o programa quanto ao número de municípios, dias letivos cobertos, clientela atendida, gastos e alimentos consumidos per capita/ano e modalidades de descentralização.This article analyzes the establishment, the institutional organization and the performance of the school meal program in the state of Mato Grosso from 1979 to 1995. The following aspects are emphasized: the transition period from a centralized management model to a decentralized one; the influence of the federal agencies on the state interventions; the priorities and the actions of the government's of Mato Grosso. This study reconstructs and analyzes the performance of a welfare policy, using the collection and analysis of secondary and primary data (20 interviews with institutional agents. The results show a close dependence of the state interventions on the federal ones and a change from a centralized model to a decentralized one. The dynamics, the intensity and the rhythm of this

  12. Aplicação de métodos de estimativa da prevalência de hanseníase no Estado de Mato Grosso Application of estimation methods for the hidden prevalence of leprosy in the State of Mato Grosso

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    Eliane Ignotti

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Uma questão desafiadora para a eliminação da hanseníase como problema de saúde pública é o conhecimento da sua real prevalência. Este estudo tem por objetivo comparar os resultados de dois métodos publicados como propostas de estimativa de prevalência oculta de hanseníase, a tendência definida pelo Ministério da Saúde, e a estimativa realizada pela Secretaria de Estado de Saúde de Mato Grosso (SES/MT para a implantação do programa "Tolerância Zero: Mato Grosso sem hanseníase", tendo como parâmetro o número de casos novos detectados em 2001. Fez-se a aplicação dos métodos e da tendência, utilizando-se a série de casos de hanseníase detectados no período de 1996 a 2000 para todos os municípios do Estado. Definiu-se como nível endêmico a média aritmética ajustada aos casos novos detectados no mesmo período. Verificou-se que todas as estimativas mostraram associação positiva maior que 75% com o número de casos detectados em 2001. A maior associação foi verificada entre a meta ou estimativa da SES/MT (r²=0,895, que por outro lado não é observada com a exclusão do nível endêmico. Concluímos que os métodos publicados apenas sugerem a presença de reservatórios de casos em áreas com detecção tardia. Operacionalmente, parece mais adequado basear-se em séries históricas segundo idade, classificação operacional, grau de incapacidade física e número de lesões no momento do diagnóstico para a identificação de áreas de risco e, conseqüentemente, eliminação da hanseníase.One of the challenges to eliminate leprosy as a public health problem is to know its real prevalence. This study compares the results of two published methods which propose to estimate the hidden prevalence of leprosy, the trends defined by the Ministry of Health and the estimate made by the State Secretary of Health of Mato Grosso (SES/MT to implement the program "Tolerância Zero: Mato Grosso sem hanseníase" (Zero Tolerance

  13. LA DINÁMICA DEL USO DE LA TIERRA EN MATO GROSSO: ASPECTOS ECONÓMICOS DEL CULTIVO DE ARROZ, SOYA Y PASTOS

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    Dilamar Dallemole

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available El cultivo de arroz siempre estuvo presente en el rol de culturas practicadas en el cerrado brasileño, en especial, en el Mato-grossense. Dado a esa particularidad, éste estudio busca comprender mejor las relaciones existentes entre la producción de arroz con las áreas plantadas de soya, y, propiamente, con la área plantada de arroz en Mato Grosso, en el período de 1979 a 2007. Debido a la gran extensión territorial del estado, el cultivo de arroz fue siendo realizado a lo largo de los años como frontera agrícola, para apertura de nuevas áreas, con variedades adecuadas a tierras, inicialmente, con baja fertilidad. Con el desarrollo tecnológico y la posibilidad de nuevas actividades productivas, esa realidad viene se alterando y la área plantada de arroz disminuyó a lo largo de los años, perdiendo espacio para la soya y pastos. Como instrumento metodológico, se empleó un modelo de regresión múltiple, estimada por el Método de Mínimos Cuadrados Ordinarios (MQO, en que los resultados apuntan las correlaciones existentes entre las categorías mencionadas, lo que permite analizar con más propiedad lo que está ocurriendo con el segmento. Las principales conclusiones obtenidas confirman la influencia positiva de la producción de arroz con relación a suya área plantada, sin embargo, negativa para las áreas plantadas de soya, pastos y arroz en Mato Grosso. Aunque venga perdiendo espacio para soya y pastos, el cultivo de arroz, mismo con menor productividad y calidad inferior del grano, aún es practicado debido a su capacidad de adaptación en nuevas áreas, o mismo, en áreas degradadas

  14. Orientações curriculares para a educação básica de Mato Grosso : análise da política como texto e discurso

    OpenAIRE

    Roseli Batista de Jesus

    2014-01-01

    O foco do estudo é uma política pública educacional curricular do estado de Mato Grosso: as orientações curriculares para a educação básica. O objetivo geral da tese é analisar as orientações curriculares para a educação básica do estado de Mato Grosso, com o intuito de compreender como foram elaboradas, considerando-se os contextos de influência, de produção do texto e da prática, bem como dar visibilidade aos discursos produzidos pelos sujeitos/atores envolvidos nestes contextos. A questão ...

  15. Perfil epidemiológico dos participantes do Programa de diagnóstico e prevenção do câncer de boca em Mato Grosso

    OpenAIRE

    França, Diurianne Caroline Campos; Duarte, Giseli Cristina; Monteiro, André Destéfani; Silva, Alessandro Augusto Lopes Santana da; Aguiar, Sandra Maria Herondina Avila de

    2016-01-01

    Objetivo: Conhecer o perfil dos participantes do programa de diagnóstico e prevenção do câncer de boca em Mato Grosso, nos anos de 2008 e 2009. Materiais e Métodos: Foram analisadas as fichas individuais dos pacientes atendidos no programa de diagnóstico e prevenção do câncer de boca em Mato Grosso no período de 2008 a 2009. Resultados: Foram analisadas 1.293 fichas, com predomínio de pacientes do sexo feminino (60%) e com faixa etária de maior participação de 10-19 anos (20%). As doenças pré...

  16. Balanço de radiação no Pantanal Sul Mato-grossense durante a estação seca Budget radiation on Pantanal wetland in Mato Grosso do Sul State during the dry season

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    Francisco Luiz Leitão de Mesquita

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta a análise das componentes do balanço de radiação à superfície sobre o Pantanal Sul Mato-grossense, a partir de medidas experimentais coletadas durante a estação seca, em setembro de 1999. Neste período, as componentes do balanço de radiação mostraram um ciclo diurno bem definido, associado à densidade de fluxo radiativo de onda curta de 850 Wm-2 ao meio dia. O albedo médio apresentou um comportamento quase especular, com valor mínimo de 0,16±0,02 para ângulos zenitais pequenos. Os valores de emissividade da superfície pantaneira, corrigida para temperatura radiativa de um corpo cinza, variaram entre 0,94 e 0,96. A partir das medidas diretas das densidades dos fluxos radiativos de ondas curtas e longas atmosféricas determinou-se os parâmetros ótimos empregados nas formulações propostas por Monteith e Unsworth (2008, Swinbank (1963 e Brutsaert (1975.This work analyses the surface radiation budget components observed over the Pantanal wetland located in the south part of Mato Grosso do Sul State, on September,1999 during the dry season. For this period, these components showed a well defined diurnal cycle, with the shortwave radiation fluxes showing a maximum of 850 Wm-2 at noon. The albedo presents a specular behavior with minimum equal to 0.16±0.02 for small zenithal angle. The land surface emissivity, corrected to a gray body radiative temperature, shows values between 0.94 and 0.96. Direct measurements of shortwave and long-wave density radiative fluxes were used to adjust the optimum parameters on the proposed Monteith and Unsworth (2008, Swinbank (1963 and Brutsaert (1975 formulations.

  17. Mapeamento das Línguas de Sinais emergentes: um estudo sobre as comunidades linguísticas indígenas de Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Shirley Vilhalva

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available A presente pesquisa denominada "Mapeamento das Línguas de Sinais emergentes: um estudo sobre as comunidades linguísticas indígenas de Mato Grosso do Sul", foi realizada numa perspectiva de mapear e registrar, através do olhar de como as Línguas de Sinais familiares está emergindo no contexto plurilíngue, especificamente nas aldeias Jaguapiru e Bororo das comunidades indígenas do município de Dourados no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. Enquanto pesquisadora surda e sinalizadora adentrei no espaço de regras que vem de uma cultura e língua oral de uma etnia, pois o guarani: kaiowa, fiandeva e mbya sempre tiveram a oralidade como "poder" dentro da comunidade e das Escolas Indígenas. Os estudos sobre sinais familiares trazem uma gama de informações a respeito da comunicação que a família, quando tem um filho surdo, em que os pais são em sua maioria ouvintes e começam a criar um meio de comunicação visual, usando todas as formas naturais possíveis, como o apontamento e gestos naturais. O procedimento usado foi os depoimentos espontâneos pelos familiares ao ir acompanhada com a equipe da SEMED, intérprete da Libras e do representante da liderança indígena local nas residências dos indígenas surdos, elaborando diário, fotos e filmagens dentro da escola indígena quando me era permitido. Os processos de análise neste es- tudo consistiram, em uma de sua análise de natureza linguística com enfoque lexical (vocabulário e buscando o mapeamento no sentido de abrir este caminho investigando que dará elementos concretos para a proposição de política linguística nesta área.

  18. Identificação e genotipagem de Mycobacterium bovis em bovinos positivos no teste intradérmico para tuberculose em Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Daniela de O. Cazola

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo, realizou-se genotipagem de isolados de Mycobacterium bovis, provenientes de amostras de tecidos de bovinos positivos no teste cervical comparativo (TCC para tuberculose em Mato Grosso do Sul, por meio da técnica de spoligotyping. Tecidos de 13 bovinos positivos, oriundos de diferentes municípios do estado, foram cultivados em meio de Stonebrink. As colônias resultantes foram submetidas à coloração de Ziehl-Neelsen e todos os isolados apresentaram características tintoriais de BAAR. Os 13 isolados de BAAR foram identificados por PCR multiplex (mPCR. O gene hsp65 foi alvo para identificação de Mycobacterium spp, a sequência de inserção IS6110 foi alvo para identificação de complexo Mycobacterium tuberculosis (CMT e a região rvd1rv2031c foi explorada para detecção de M. bovis. Os isolados micobacterianos foram genotipados pela técnica de spoligotyping. Dos 13 bovinos, sete tinham pelo menos uma lesão sugestiva de tuberculose em linfonodos retrofaríngeos, parotídeos e pulmonares ou no pulmão, e em seis não foram encontradas lesões visíveis sugestivas da doença. Na mPCR, 11/13 (84,6% isolados foram positivos para Mycobacterium spp; 8/13 (61,5% positivos para CMT e 7/13 (53,8% positivos para M. bovis. Com base no spoligotyping, oito isolados de BAAR foram agrupados dentro de três diferentes agrupamentos de genótipos e uma amostra remanescente apresentou perfil único, sendo quatro isolados com padrão de espoligotipo SB0121, dois SB1145, dois SB0881 e um SB0140. A técnica de spoligotyping demonstrou que há diversidade genética entre os espoligotipos presentes no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, embora predomine o perfil SB0121

  19. Pecuária Sustentável: Uma Alternativa Para a Conservação do Pantanal no Estado de Mato Grosso

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    Helibera Rita Ramos Capistrano de Aquino

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available O Pantanal é um importante bioma de Mato Grosso, cujas atividades antrópicas ameaçam seu equilíbrio natural, dentre elas o desenvolvimento da pecuária bovina expansiva e intensiva, com introdução de espécies de forrageiras exóticas, visando o aumento da produtividade. Este estudo objetivou, por meio de revisão bibliográfica, investigar a ameaça provocada pela expansão da pecuária bovina na região do pantanal Mato-grossense ao longo dos anos, assim como promover a discussão sobre alternativas viáveis para um modelo de desenvolvimento sustentável. A análise da expansão da atividade e revisão de estudos de viabilização do aproveitamento da vegetação nativa evidenciou que é possível minimizar os impactos negativos da pecuária bovina no Pantanal através do pastoreio aliado ao aproveitamento da pastagem nativa, a suplementação alimentar e o manejo adequado. Assim como a utilização de rebanho proveniente de melhoramento genético que se adapte às condições ambientais e a implementação de políticas públicas sobre a importância da conservação da biodiversidade no planejamento e construção de programas de incentivos.

  20. Análise da arborização urbana de duas cidades da região norte do estado de Mato Grosso Analysis of urban forestry in two cities of the north region in the state of Mato Grosso

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    Danielucia Noya de Almeida

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve por objetivo analisar a arborização viária de Colíder e Matupá, cidades da região Norte do Estado de Mato Grosso. Foram levantados 547 indivíduos, distribuídos em 15 famílias botânicas, 21 gêneros e 21 espécies; 66,7% das espécies são exóticas à flora brasileira e 33,3%, nativas. As espécies mais frequentes nas cidades avaliadas foram: Licania tomentosa (73,1%, Ficus benjamina (6,6% e Pachira aquatica (4,2%. Nas duas cidades, mais de 85% da população obteve diâmetro à altura do solo inferior a 0,4 m e mais de 75% da população estava abaixo de 6,0 m de altura total, nas duas cidades. Os indivíduos plantados sob a fiação elétrica representaram menos de 50% da população amostrada, nas duas cidades amostradas, e a altura média das árvores, sob a fiação, foi de 3,0 m (Matupá e 4,7 m (Colíder. Mais de 85% dos indivíduos tinham bifurcação abaixo de 1,80 m. A densidade de árvores/km de calçada estimada nas cidades avaliadas variou entre 66,2 árvores/km (Matupá e 71,3 árvores/km (Colíder. Os índices de diversidade de Shannon estimado foram 0,76 (Colíder e 2,24 (Matupá. A largura das vias e recuos permitia o plantio de espécies de médio e grande portes. Contudo, são essenciais o planejamento da arborização urbana e a definição de critérios e técnicas adequadas para a realização de plantios e manutenções, nas cidades estudadas.The present study aimed to analyze the roadside forestry of Colíder and Matupá, two cities of the northern region in the State of Mato Grosso. There were 547 individuals, distributed in 15 botanical families, 21 genera and 21 species. Over 66% of these species are exotic to the Brazilian flora and 33.3% are native. The species most frequent in the evaluated cities were: Licania tomentosa (73,1%, Ficus benjamina (6.6% and Pachira aquatica (4.2%. In the two cities, more than 85% of the population had a diameter at ground level inferior to 0.4 m and more than

  1. Diversity, similarity and trophic guild of chiropterofauna in three southern Pantanal sub-regions, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v34i1.7596

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    Larissa Figueiredo de Oliveira

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In the Brazilian Pantanal, virtually no studies of communities of bats, despite the richness of spcies. As the chiropterofauna in the Pantanal is still poorly known, this works purpose was to verify the diversity, trophic guild and similarity in three sub-areas (Aquidauana, Miranda-Abobral and Nhecolândia of the Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul. From May 1994 to November 2004, 221 sampling sessions were performed, using mist nets and capture effort of 17,148,495 h m2, 2.818 bats were captured, belonging to 34 species distributed in 5 families (Emballonuridae, Molossidae, Noctilionidae, Phyllostomidae and Vespertilionidae. The families Molossidae (n = 9 and Phyllostomidae (n = 15 showed the greatest number of species and the predominant genus was Myotis (4. Twenty seven species were recorded in Aquidauana sub-region, 23 in Miranda-Abobral and 30 in Nhecolândia. The species diversity (Shannon H index was greater in the Nhecolândia (3.33, followed by Aquidauana (3.12 and Miranda-Abobral (2.0. Regarding the similarity of species, Aquidauana and Nhecolândia (0.83 presented larger similarity, both Aquidauana compared to Miranda-Abobral and Nhecolândia to Miranda-Abobral presented the same similarity (0.78. The trophic guild insectivorous prevailed with 58.8%, followed by frugivorous with 17.6%, nectarivorous, hematophagous and omnivorous with 5.9% each, carnivorous and piscivorous with 2.9%. The results indicate that the sub-regions show high similarity and diversity of species, compatible with that suggested for the Neotropical region (2.0

  2. Detection of “Salmonella” spp. in broiler buildings and stuff of slaughterhouse in the central region of Mato Grosso do Sul Ocorrência de "Salmonella" spp. em aviários e abatedouro de frangos de corte na região central de Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Vitor Barbosa Fascina

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to search Salmonella spp. occurrence in broiler poultry shed and poultry products from slaughterhouse in central county of Mato Grosso do Sul. Were analyzed 134 drag swabs in broiler poultry farms located in five counties 123 samples of chickens carcasses, viscera and chilled water from the slaughterhouse. The results showed that 11.28% of 257 samples tested positive for Salmonella, and 1.95% from the field and 9.33% from the slaughterhouse. The serovars found were Salmonella Enteritidis (1.16%, S. Typhimurium (1.94%, S. Senftenberg (0.77%, S. Schwarzengrund (4.28%, S. Livingstone (0.38%, S. Corvallis (1.55% and Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica (O: 4.5:-:1.2 with 1.16%. The use of two enrichment broths and two or more plating means increases the chances of Salmonella spp. Isolation. The serovars Enteritidis and Typhimurium, important in the poultry industry, were found in field and slaughterhouse. It can be concluded that there is an occurrence of different serovars of Salmonella spp. In poultry slaughterhouse and in Mato Grosso do Sul central county. Serovar Schwarzengrum shows the highest percentage of occurrence in the slaughterhouse, suggesting that further studies are conducted to determine the importance of presence compared to other serovars. Control programs and risk analysis are essential for maintaining the health of poultry and reduce potential health risks to the consumer.Objetivou-se com este estudo pesquisar a ocorrência de Salmonella spp. em aviários de frangos de corte e em produtos de abatedouro avícola na região central de Mato Grosso do Sul. Foram analisados 134 suabes de arraste em aviários de frangos de corte localizados em cinco municípios e 123 amostras de carcaças de frango, vísceras e água do chiller provenientes do abatedouro. Os resultados demonstraram que 11,28% das 257 amostras apresentaram resultados positivos para Salmonella, dos quais 1,95% provenientes do campo e 9,33% do

  3. Decision making in cogeneration systems of electric energy: a case study in the sugar-alcohol sector from Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil; Tomada de decisao em sistemas de cogeracao de energia eletrica: um estudo de caso do setor sucroalcooleiro de Mato Grosso do Sul

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, P.P. [Agencia Estadual de Regulacao de Servicos Publicos de Mato Grosso do Sul (AGEPAN), Campo Grande, MS (Brazil); Ortega, J.M. [Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Campo Grande, MS (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    This paper presents a tool to determine the influence of the regulatory aspects in the decision making related to the power surpluses production by cogeneration, from the sugar cane bagasse in the sugar and alcohol plants in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The tool was developed from the identification, within the regulatory aspects, of the determinant conditions (interest variables) applied to the modelling of the cogeneration system in a computational environment. The applied technique was the System Dynamic, implemented through the software Powersim. It were identified and understood the various causal relations of the events related to the power cogeneration and applied in the dynamic simulation of the business, and of the interactive processes that influence its viability. The obtained simulation using the tool allowed the identification, of various investment scenarios, and the main influences of the regulatory aspects in the decision making of the investor.

  4. Phlebotomine sand flies and canine infection in areas of human visceral leishmaniasis, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso Flebotomíneos e infecção canina em áreas de leishmaniose visceral humana, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso

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    Gustavo Leandro da Cruz Mestre

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Visceral leishmaniasis is a systemic infectious disease that can cause to a severe, potentially life-threatening chronic condition in humans. Risk factors for infection in urban areas have been associated with poor living conditions, the presence of sand fly vectors and infected pets. This study aimed to describe sand fly and canine infection in the neighborhoods of human visceral leishmaniasis occurrence in the city of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso State, central-western Brazil, reported between January 2005 and December 2006. A total of 1,909 sand flies were collected. They were predominantly males and the most frequent species were Lutzomyia cruzi (81.25%, Lutzomyia whitmani (13.88% and Lutzomyia longipalpis (2.62%. The sand fly density was not significantly correlated with the variation of environmental factors. The prevalence of canine visceral leishmaniasis in the neighborhoods studied was 26.82% and it was found that areas with high density of vectors coincided with areas of high prevalence of dogs and those with the highest rates of human cases. The study of vectors and other potential hosts are essential for a good understanding of visceral leishmaniasis and the related public health concerns, aiming at the prevention and control of leishmaniasis in the city of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso State.A leishmaniose visceral é uma doença infecciosa sistêmica, de evolução crônica grave, potencialmente fatal para o homem. Os fatores de risco para a infecção em áreas urbanas têm sido associados às precárias condições de moradia, à presença de flebotomíneos vetores e de animais domésticos infectados. O presente trabalho objetivou descrever a fauna flebotomínica e infecção canina nos bairros de ocorrência da leishmaniose visceral humana no município de Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, notificados no período de janeiro de 2005 a dezembro de 2006. Foram coletados 1.909 flebotomíneos, as espécies mais frequentes foram Lutzomyia cruzi (81,25%, Lutzomyia

  5. Leishmaniose tegumentar americana: estudo clínico, epidemiológico e laboratorial realizado no Hospital Universitário de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil American cutaneous leishmaniasis: clinical, epidemiological and laboratory studies conducted at a university teaching hospital in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Nathalia Dias Negrão Murback

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: Leishmaniose Tegumentar Americana é zoonose de manifestações clínicas variadas, em expansão no Brasil, sendo o estado de Mato Grosso do Sul importante área endêmica. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar clínica, epidemiológica e laboratorialmente pacientes com Leishmaniose Tegumentar Americana , atendidos no Hospital Universitário Maria Aparecida Pedrossian, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil (HU/UFMS. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo observacional do tipo transversal com abordagem descritiva e analítica. Foram avaliados, retrospectivamente, dados de pacientes suspeitos de Leishmaniose Tegumentar Americana , atendidos no HU/UFMS de 1998 a 2008, e encaminhados ao Laboratório de Parasitologia/UFMS para complementação diagnóstica. Para a inclusão neste estudo foram considerados critérios clínicos e laboratoriais. RESULTADOS: Quarenta e sete pacientes foram incluídos no estudo. Houve predominância de homens de 45 a 59 anos, com a forma cutânea, lesão única, ulcerada, em áreas expostas do corpo e com duração menor que seis meses. O comprometimento de mucosas foi crescente com o aumento da idade e maior em pacientes que procuraram atendimento tardiamente. Intradermorreação de Montenegro foi o exame de maior sensibilidade e o encontro do parasito mostrou-se mais difícil em lesões antigas. CONCLUSÃO: Suspeição diagnóstica precoce é de extrema importância para diagnóstico preciso. Associação de exame parasitológico e imunológico torna mais seguro o diagnóstico laboratorial.BACKGROUND: American cutaneous leishmaniasis is a disease with a wide variety of clinical manifestations that is expanding throughout Brazil, the state of Mato Grosso do Sul constituting a significant endemic area. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical, epidemiological and laboratory characteristics of patients with American cutaneous leishmaniasis. Patients were recruited among those attending the Maria Aparecida Pedrossian Teaching

  6. Prevalência e fatores de risco para asma em adolescentes de 13 a 14 anos do Município de Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brasil Asthma prevalence and risk factors in adolescents 13 to 14 years of age in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso State, Brazil

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    Sileyde Cristiane B. Matos Póvoas Jucá

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Estimar a prevalência de asma ativa e identificar possíveis fatores de risco associados em adolescentes de 13 a 14 anos, residentes na cidade de Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Estudo transversal de base populacional sendo posteriormente aninhado a estudo caso-controle, realizado em 2008, utilizando o protocolo do International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC. A análise dos possíveis fatores de risco foi realizada pelo teste do qui-quadrado, teste exato de Fisher e por regressão binária logística. As variáveis com p The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of active asthma and identify associated risk factors in adolescents 13 to 14 years of age in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. A cross-sectional population-based and a subsequently a nested case-control study was conducted in 2008 using the protocol of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC. Risk factor analysis used the chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and binary logistic regression. Variables with p < 0.20 in the bivariate analysis entered the logistic regression model, with six variables remaining in the final model (p < 0.05. Prevalence of active asthma was 19.1%. Risk factors for active asthma (p = 0.01 were: smoking during pregnancy, exclusive breastfeeding < 6 months, family income < 3 minimum wages, female gender, pets currently in the home, and absence of fish in the diet. Prevalence of active asthma was high, but with a significant reduction compared to 1998.

  7. Detection of arboviruses of public health interest in free-living New World primates (Sapajus spp.; Alouatta caraya captured in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Paulo Mira Batista

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction A sero-epidemiological survey was undertaken to detect the circulation of arboviruses in free-living non-human primates. Methods Blood samples were obtained from 16 non-human primates (13 Sapajus spp. and three Alouatta caraya that were captured using terrestrial traps and anesthetic darts in woodland regions in the municipalities of Campo Grande, Aquidauana, Jardim, Miranda and Corumbá in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The samples were sent to the Instituto Evandro Chagas (IEC in Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil, to detect antibodies against 19 species of arboviruses using a hemagglutination inhibition test (HI. Results Of the 16 primates investigated in the present study, five (31.2% were serologically positive for an arbovirus. Of these five, two (12.5% exhibited antibodies to the Flavivirus genus, one (6.2% exhibited a monotypic reaction to Cacipacoré virus, one (6.2% was associated with Mayaro virus, and one (6.2% was positive for Oropouche virus. Conclusions Based on the positive serology observed in the present study, it was possible to conclude that arboviruses circulate among free-living primates. The viruses in the areas studied might have been introduced by infected humans or by primates from endemic or enzootic areas. Studies of this nature, as well as efficient and continuous surveillance programs, are needed to monitor viral activities in endemic and enzootic regions.

  8. Energia e Liberdade: Aspectos de Economia Política e Energia na Região da Amazônia Meridional de Mato Grosso

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    José Manuel Carvalho Marta

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE A Amazônia Meridional é formada por cinco estados brasileiros, nos quais está Mato Grosso. Nessa região, com densa mata, a energia elétrica apresenta impactos sociais e ambientais para sua implantação, mas é essencial no processo da transformação, dadas as características da população: pobre e isolada. O artigo procura interpretar, à luz de métodos de análise dialética, institucional e de economia solidária, os resultados de uma pesquisa realizada parcialmente entre 2004-2006 e suas consequências. Considera-se o desmatamento e a manutenção das linhas de transmissão, em face da geração distribuída. buscando implantar uma vida melhor para os assentados em Guariba, município de Colniza-MT.

  9. Infracommunities of Streblidae and Nycteribiidae (Diptera on bats in an ecotone area between Cerrado and Atlantic Forest in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Guilherme D. P. Dornelles

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT We described infracommunities, prevalence and mean intensity of infestation of ecotoparasite flies (Nycteribiidae and Streblidae on bats in an ecotone area of Cerrado as predominant vegetation, with influence of Atlantic Forest, in the southeast of Mato Grosso do Sul. In 36 sampling nights between April 2015 and August 2016 (23,328 m².h, we captured 17 bat species, of which ten were infested, and 14 species of fly. The most abundant bats were the phyllostomids Artibeus planirostris (Spix, 1823, Glossophaga soricina (Pallas, 1776 and Carollia perspicillata (Linnaeus, 1758 and the most abundant flies were the streblids Trichobius longipes (Rudow, 1871, T. joblingi Wenzel, 1966 and Megistopoda aranea (Coquillett, 1899. Phyllostomus hastatus (Pallas, 1767 was the bat species that presented the highest infestation rate. Platyrrhinus lineatus (É. Geoffroy, 1810 and Desmodus rotundus (É. Geoffroy, 1810 were not infested. Besides that, the frequency of bats that were infested by a single species of fly was higher than the frequency of bats infested for two or more, and it may be a pattern.

  10. Sand fly captures with Disney traps in area of occurrence of Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, mid-western Brazil.

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    Dorval, Maria Elizabeth Cavalheiros; Alves, Tulia Peixoto; Cristaldo, Geucira; Rocha, Hilda Carlos da; Alves, Murilo Andrade; Oshiro, Elisa Teruya; Oliveira, Alessandra Gutierrez de; Brazil, Reginaldo Peçanha; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi; Cunha, Rivaldo Venancio da

    2010-01-01

    The work was conducted to study phlebotomine fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae) and aspects of American cutaneous leishmaniasis transmission in a forested area where Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis occurs, situated in the municipality of Bela Vista, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The captures were conducted with modified Disney traps, using hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) as bait, from May 2004 to January 2006. Ten species of phlebotomine sandflies were captured: Brumptomyia avellari, Brumptomyia brumpti, Bichromomyia flaviscutellata, Evandromyia bourrouli, Evandromyia lenti, Lutzomyia longipalpis, Psathyromyia campograndensis, Psathyromyia punctigeniculata, Psathyromyia shannoni and Sciopemyia sordellii. The two predominant species were Ev bourrouli (57.3%) and Bi flaviscutellata (41.4%), present at all sampling sites. Two of the 36 hamsters used as bait presented natural infection with Leishmania. The parasite was identified as Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis. Analysis of the results revealed the efficiency of Disney traps for capturing Bichromomyia flaviscutellata and the simultaneous presence of both vector and the Leishmania species transmitted by the same can be considered a predictive factor of the occurrence of leishmaniasis outbreaks for the human population that occupies the location.

  11. “DO NOT TOUCH ME ON MONDAY”: DIFERENCE, ABJECTION AND IDENTITY IN AN EXTENSION PROJECT, ON PANTANAL CAMPUS OF THE FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF MATO GROSSO DO SUL

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    Tiago Duque

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This experience report focuses on the extension project “Reading meetings on gender and sexuality”, held in the Pantanal Campus of the Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, in 2014 and 2015. The action was coordinated by Psychology student, under my guidance. I present, here, the log and the development of the activities, as well as the visibility effects of the meetings in the local context. I discuss, from a post-structuralist point of view, how gender and sexuality, besides being the subject of the project, also help us to evaluate the low attendance of the thirty-six people who sporadically attended the fifteen meetings. Aversion to abjection, that is, to the not positive recognition of gender and sexuality performances that do not necessarily match the matrix of intelligibility "'sex' = gender = desire", it is seen as an important factor for the evaluation of the experience and of the own cultural context of the Brazil-Bolivia border.

  12. Nutrição e saúde infantil em uma comunidade indígena Teréna, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Ribas Dulce Lopes Barboza

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho descreve as condições de saúde e nutrição de crianças indígenas Teréna, caracterizando o estado nutricional infantil, o consumo de alimentos, as condições sócio-econômicas e ambientais. Foi estudada uma amostra de 100 crianças de 0 a 59 meses, residentes na Aldeia Córrego do Meio, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. As prevalências de déficits nutricionais determinadas foram de 8,0% para o índice peso-para-idade, de 16% para o índice estatura-para-idade e, para obesidade, de 5%. A proporção de retardo do crescimento observada é superior à encontrada na população brasileira como um todo, provavelmente por refletir as precárias condições sócio-econômicas, ambientais e de saúde em que vive esta comunidade Teréna. A análise da adequação percentual média dos nutrientes que compõem a dieta infantil indicou o não atendimento às recomendações nutricionais nas diferentes faixas etárias. Novos estudos de caráter multidisciplinar e longitudinal são necessários para melhor entendimento dos processos identificados.

  13. Nutrição e saúde infantil em uma comunidade indígena Teréna, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Dulce Lopes Barboza Ribas

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho descreve as condições de saúde e nutrição de crianças indígenas Teréna, caracterizando o estado nutricional infantil, o consumo de alimentos, as condições sócio-econômicas e ambientais. Foi estudada uma amostra de 100 crianças de 0 a 59 meses, residentes na Aldeia Córrego do Meio, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. As prevalências de déficits nutricionais determinadas foram de 8,0% para o índice peso-para-idade, de 16% para o índice estatura-para-idade e, para obesidade, de 5%. A proporção de retardo do crescimento observada é superior à encontrada na população brasileira como um todo, provavelmente por refletir as precárias condições sócio-econômicas, ambientais e de saúde em que vive esta comunidade Teréna. A análise da adequação percentual média dos nutrientes que compõem a dieta infantil indicou o não atendimento às recomendações nutricionais nas diferentes faixas etárias. Novos estudos de caráter multidisciplinar e longitudinal são necessários para melhor entendimento dos processos identificados.

  14. Cryptic species of the genus Pimelodella (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae from the Miranda River, Paraguay River basin, Pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul, Central Brazil

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    Lenice Souza-Shibatta

    Full Text Available Specimens of Pimelodellacaptured in the Miranda River, Pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul State, present morphological features that could indicate at least four species. Therefore, karyotype analysis and molecular biology provided evidence that they were only two species, one showing 2n = 46, and the other, 2n = 52 chromosomes, with only 18% genetic similarity. The morphological analysis evidenced that the dorsal filament is a male characteristic and that the upper lobe of the caudal fin was variable and might or might not be elongated in both species. With respect to morphometric characters, the formation of two groups was evident, but with a small overlap of specimens between them. Among the species with filaments on the dorsal fin observed in the Pantanal, the one with the lesser length of adipose fin base is P. griffini, which corresponds to that with 2n = 46 chromosomes, whereas the species P. taenioptera has 2n = 52 chromosomes. Thus, the accurate detection of these cryptic taxonomic units was only possible with the use of various analysis techniques. Furthermore, it is worth noting that the identification of cryptic species is important for obtaining correct estimates of fish diversity in the Pantanal

  15. Doenças de bovinos em Mato Grosso diagnosticadas no Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária da UFMT (2005-2014

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    Leilane A.S. Rondelli

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Foi realizado um levantamento nos arquivos do Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária (LPV da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT das doenças de bovinos registradas entre os anos 2005 a 2014. Foram revisados 1124 casos. Destes, 27,6% foram amostras obtidas de necropsias realizadas por técnicos do LPV-UFMT e 72,3% foram amostras encaminhadas ao LPV-UFMT por veterinários de campo. Em 49,38% dos casos (555/1124 o diagnóstico da doença foi feito através da análise morfológica de lesões e/ou através de exames complementares. Raiva foi a principal causa de morte de bovinos neste estudo (7,82%. As doenças inflamatórias e parasitárias foram as mais prevalentes sendo diagnosticadas em 27,49% dos casos, seguida das doenças tóxicas e toxiinfecções com 9,78%. As demais categorias foram distribuídas em ordem decrescente em: neoplasmas e lesões tumoriformes (4%, doenças degenerativas (3,02%, distúrbios causados por agentes físicos (2,84%, distúrbios metabólicos e nutricionais (1,42% e outras categorias (0,71%.

  16. Epidemiological study on leishmaniasis in an area of environmental tourism and ecotourism, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, 2006-2007.

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    Andrade, Ana Rachel Oliveira de; Nunes, Vânia Lúcia Brandão; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi; de Arruda, Carla Cardozo Pinto; Santos, Mirella Ferreira da Cunha; Rocca, Maria Elizabeth Gizi; Aquino, Ricardo Braga

    2009-01-01

    The aims of this study were to carry out a serological survey of canine leishmaniasis and identify the phlebotomine fauna in the urban area of Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul. The serological survey was conducted on a sample of 303 dogs, by means of the indirect immunofluorescence test. Phlebotomines were captured using automated light traps. The serological survey found that 30% of the dogs were seropositive, both from the center and from all districts of the town. A total of 2,772 specimens of phlebotomines were caught and the species most found was Lutzomyia longipalpis (90.4%), which corroborated its role as the vector of for canine visceral leishmaniasis in the region. Phlebotomines of the species Bichromomyia flaviscutellata (the main vector for Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis) and Nyssomyia whitmani (the vector for Leishmania (Viannia) brasiliensis) were also caught. The findings indicate the need for continuous epidemiological surveillance, with attention towards diminishing the vector breeding sites and the transmission of these diseases in that region.

  17. O Efeito do Fogo sobre a Comunidade de Abelhas Euglossini (Hymenoptera: Apidae em Floresta de Transição Cerrado-Amazônia (Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Nubia Giehl

    2013-12-01

    Abstract. We evaluated the effects of induced burned on Euglossini bee assemblages (Hymenoptera: Apidae in a transitional area between Cerrado and Amazonia, eastern Mato Grosso, Brazil. We determinate abundances, richness and composition of Euglossini in three plots: control plot (unburned, plot burned each year since 2004 (intermediate degradation, plot burned each three years since 2004 (high degradation. We tested the hypothesis that two burned plots present lower male abundances, less species richness and different species composition in comparison with the control plot. We collected male bees actively and passively by using six pure fragrances: β-ionona, benzoato de benzila, geraniol, fenil-etil-acetato, salicilato de metila e vanilina. We collected seven species with no differences in male abundances among three plots (F (2, 12= 0.150; p= 0.8. Estimated richness species in control the plot was higher than the plot burned each three years (12 ± 3.8; 4± 2, respectively, while plot burned each year showed intermediate richness (8 ± 4.35 and higher than plot burned each three years. Cluster Analysis (UPGMA revealed significant differences in species composition of the triennial fire area to the other two areas. Our results suggest that fire occurring with different frequencies in transitional forest promote decreases in richness of species and modifications in species composition. These modifications were clearer in plot more degraded (burned each three years and induce deleterious effects on orchid bee assemblage.

  18. A malacological survey in the Manso Power Plant, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil: new records of freshwater snails, including transmitters of schistosomiasis and exotic species

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    Monica Ammon Fernandez

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease of public health concern in Brazil, and the construction of hydroelectric dams, in addition to increasing permanent human settlement and tourism, has created conditions suitable for the establishment of mollusks that can transmit schistosomiasis. Such areas require a number of actions to prevent the establishment of schistosomiasis. This paper reports on a freshwater malacological survey carried out in the geographical area of the Manso Power Plant. Methods Mollusks were collected in 18 municipalities in the State of Mato Grosso between February 2002 and February 2004 (qualitative study and from April 2009 to February 2011 (quantitative study. Results Thirty-one species of mollusks were collected, including newly recorded species (Antillorbis nordestensis and Burnupia ingae. In addition, the geographic distributions of known species, including Biomphalaria straminea, a snail vector of Schistosoma mansoni, were expanded. A total of 4,507 specimens were collected in the APM Manso reservoir (Usina Hidrelétrica de Aproveitamento Múltiplo de Manso during the quantitative study, and Biomphalaria amazonica was found in six of the 10 localities analyzed. The Afroasiatic species Melanoides tuberculata, introduced after February 2009, was the dominant species (relative abundance 94.96%. Conclusions The study area is epidemiologically important due to the occurrence of B. straminea and B. amazonica, which are vectors of schistosomiasis, and M. tuberculata, a snail host of Centrocestus formosanus, which is responsible for centrocestiasis transmission. Observations of M. tuberculata and the exotic freshwater clams Corbicula fluminea and Corbicula largillierti raise concerns about biodiversity.

  19. [Phenology of Cornops aquaticum (Bruner) (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in Eichhornia azurea (Pontederiaceae) in the northern region of Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil].

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    Silva, Fatima R J da; Marques, Marinêz I; Battirola, Leandro D; Lhano, Marcos G

    2010-01-01

    Cornops aquaticum (Bruner) has Eichhornia crassipes, E. azurea, Pontederia cordata and P. lanceolata (Pontederiaceae) as the known host plants. This grasshopper species is cited as a possible agent of biological control for native aquatic macrophytes E. azurea and E. crassipes. This study, carried out from March, 2006 to February, 2007, aimed to evaluate the phenology and age structure of the population of C. aquaticum associated with E. azurea in Piuval bay, Pantanal of Poconé, MT, and to identify possible relationships of its life cycle to abiotic factors such as insolation, temperature and precipitation. Monthly collections of 50 individuals were carried out according to the protocol defined by the "Host - Insect Coevolution on Waterhyacinth" project. Adults and nymphs were separated and the females dissected in order to evaluate ovary maturation. The population presented adults and nymphs during the whole year, suggesting the occurrence of more than one reproductive period. The nymphs from the first stage predominated in August 2006 and the adults in September and October 2006, synchronized with the dry period and beginning of the flooding period, respectively. The highest relative abundance of the females with mature ovaries occurred in July 2006 (50%), indicating that this may be a more propitious period for reproduction. The data suggest that C. aquaticum is a species in continual reproduction in Piuval bay and its cycle is associated with the environmental conditions guided by the flood pulse in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso.

  20. ANÁLISE DE SOBREVIVÊNCIA E CRESCIMENTO DE Cordia trichotoma, BORAGINACEAE, LAMIALES, NO SUL DE MATO GROSSO DO SUL - BRASIL

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    Sergio Luiz Salvadori

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The evaluation of a plant survival percentage and growth may reflect its competitive ability in plant community. Cordia trichotoma is a common native tree in Mato Grosso do Sul State and one of the most promising for planting. This study monitored the survival percentage and growth of Cordia trichotoma under different conditions such as weeding and receiving or not fertilization. The experiment started in September 2008 and it was concluded in March 2010. The seeds collection and sowing were held in urban area of ​​ undo Novo Municipality and the area for permanent planting to measure seedlings survival and M growth was set at Japorã Municipality, Fazenda Santa Clara. Seedlings were planted in two categories: the use or not of fertilizer and crowing resulting in four distinct groups: block fertilizer bare earth (ATN, bare land block without fertilizer (BTN, fertilizer and crown block (AC and without fertilizer and crowned block (BC. The results indicated high survival of Cordia trichotoma in the seedling transplant system from bed to bags. The BC block showed the highest percentage of survival, but the smaller increments in height. The AC, ATN and BTN blocks presented the same survival pattern and similar average growth. However, there may be differences in nutritional and chemical composition of the soil suggesting sector analysis for future studies.

  1. [Organization of primary health care in cities belonging to project for expansion and consolidation of the family health strategy in Mato Grosso State, Brazil].

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    Melo, Elza Machado de; Paiva, Lúcia; Alvares, Juliana; Flecha, André Luiz Dumont

    2008-01-01

    This article presents part of the results from the Baseline Study on the PROESF. The objective was to evaluate primary health care in the cities of Cuiabá, Várzea Grande, and Rondonópolis, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, based on the inter-subjectivity in human relations (among health workers, users of health services, and the public at large and within institutionalized levels of social control). A qualitative and quantitative methodology was used, including interviews with key informants; short meetings with managers; focal groups with managers; and interviews with users and health professionals from pre-selected health units. Scores were assigned to all the questions that indicated participatory processes in primary care practices in the various municipalities. Despite the geopolitical identity among the municipalities and their similar access to the same public policies, there was a significant difference in their performance of the functions pertaining to the organization of primary care and the Family Health Program, in terms of portal of entry into the system, longitudinality, comprehensiveness, and coordination. Differences were observed in the type of relations that were established (participatory versus non-participatory), corresponding to the previous difference.

  2. Diet of the Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus (Wied, 1831 – Aves, Tyrannidae - in three habitats of the northern Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    MG Gaiotti

    Full Text Available The Fuscous Flycatcher (Cnemotriccus fuscatus is a medium-sized Tyrannidae widespread in South America. Despite its large distribution, there have been very few studies on its diet, especially in different habitats. This study presents data on diet variation in three habitats in the Pantanal wetlands in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The specimens were captured through a mist-netting programme between February 2000 and May 2010, in the Retiro Novo Farm, in the Poconé municipality. Birds were captured in three vegetation types: Landizal, Cambarazal and Cordilheira. Tartar emetic was used to obtain the regurgitation samples identified at order level. We captured 61 individuals (21, 26 and 14 in the above described habitats, respectively. Diet of C. fuscatus differed between the three habitats. Ants and beetles were the most relevant prey items either in numerical frequency (NF or in frequency of occurrence (OF, in terms of the overall diet (NF = 27.34% and 37.89%; OF = 36.06% and 75.4%, respectively. However, in Cordilheira, seeds and beetles dominated the NF (21.8% and 38.1%, respectively and OF (28.5% and 85.7%, respectively. Cnemotriccus fuscatus was found to have an omnivorous diet, although in Cambarazal, individuals preyed exclusively on arthropods. The present study provides an important contribution to the knowledge of the diet of a poorly studied Neotropical bird.

  3. FIRST REPORT ON Cryptococcus neoformans IN PIGEON EXCRETA FROM PUBLIC AND RESIDENTIAL LOCATIONS IN THE METROPOLITAN AREA OF CUIABÁ, STATE OF MATO GROSSO, BRAZIL

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    Doracilde Terumi Takahara

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available SUMMARY Cryptococcosis is a severe systemic mycosis caused by two species of Cryptococcus that affect humans and animals: C. neoformans and C. gattii. Cosmopolitan and emergent, the mycosis results from the interaction between a susceptible host and the environment. The occurrence of C. neoformans was evaluated in 122 samples of dried pigeon excreta collected in 49 locations in the City of Cuiabá, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil, including public squares (n = 5, churches (n = 4, educational institutions (n = 3, health units (n = 8, open areas covered with asbestos (n = 4, residences (n = 23, factory (n = 1 and a prison (n = 1. Samples collected from July to December of 2010 were seeded on Niger seed agar (NSA. Dark brown colonies were identified by urease test, carbon source assimilation tests and canavanine-glycine-bromothymol blue medium. Polymerase chain reaction primer pairs specific for C. neoformans were also used for identification. Cryptococcus neoformans associated to pigeon excreta was isolated from eight (6.6% samples corresponding to six (12.2% locations. Cryptococcus neoformans was isolated from urban areas, predominantly in residences, constituting a risk of acquiring the disease by immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals.

  4. Edge effects and landscape matrix use by a small mammal community in fragments of semideciduous submontane forest in Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    M. Santos-Filho

    Full Text Available A community of small mammals was studied in seasonal semideciduous submontane forest in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. This study evaluated the use of edge and matrix pasture, by different small mammal species. Overall, 31 areas were studied, with a total sampling effort of 33,800 trap x nights. Only seven of the 25 species captured in the study sites were able to use the pasture matrix; we classified these species as generalists. Fourteen species were found to be intermediate in habits, being able to use forest edges. We found only four species habitat specialists, occurring only on transect lines in the interior of the fragment, at least 150 m from the edge. Transects located in the pasture matrix and 50 m from the edge had significantly lower species richness and abundance than transects located in the fragment edge or in the interior of the fragment. All transects located within the fragment had similar species richness and abundance, but transects located 50 m from the edge had slightly lower, but non-significant, species richness than transects located 100 m apart from edges. Rarefaction curves demonstrated that only medium-sized fragments (100 300 ha reached an asymptote of species accumulation. The other areas require further sampling, or more sampling transect, before species accumulation curves stabilize, due to a continued increase in species number.

  5. DIREÇÃO E VELOCIDADE DO VENTO EM UMA FLORESTA DE TRANSIÇÃO AMAZÔNIA-CERRADO NO NORTE DE MATO GROSSO, BRASIL

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    Stéfano Teixeira Silva

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the work was to determine the predominant wind direction and speed in a region of rain Amazon-Savanna transition forest, located approximately 50 km from the city of Sinop, in northern Mato Grosso, Brazil.The daily directions wind and speeds were collected by a three-dimensional sonic anemometer-thermometer,installed in a tower at a height of 12 m above the forest canopy. The predominant wind direction was characterizedby a frequency analysis of the daily observations, for each one of the stations and months of the year. In mostof the year there is predominance of south-southeast and south-southwest winds. It was observed that therewas no direct relation between the time and the wind direction, and the same showing a seasonal variation,there is a direct relation just with the wind speed. In the dry season showed that the predominant winddirection was south-southwest. Already in dry-wet and wet seasons the winds flowed in all directions.

  6. Chlamydophila psittaci in free-living Blue-fronted Amazon parrots (Amazona aestiva) and Hyacinth macaws (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

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    de Freitas Raso, Tânia; Seixas, Gláucia Helena Fernandes; Guedes, Neiva Maria Robaldo; Pinto, Aramis Augusto

    2006-10-31

    Chlamydophila psittaci (C. psittaci) infection was evaluated in 77 free-living nestlings of Blue-fronted Amazon parrots (Amazona aestiva) and Hyacinth macaws (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Tracheal and cloacal swab samples from 32 wild parrot and 45 macaw nestlings were submitted to semi-nested PCR, while serum samples were submitted to complement fixation test (CFT). Although all 32 Amazon parrot serum samples were negative by CFT, cloacal swabs from two birds were positive for Chlamydophila DNA by semi-nested PCR (6.3%); these positive birds were 32 and 45 days old. In macaws, tracheal and cloacal swabs were positive in 8.9% and 26.7% of the samples, respectively. Complement-fixing antibodies were detected in 4.8% of the macaw nestlings; macaw nestlings with positive findings were between 33 and 88 days old. These results indicate widespread dissemination of this pathogen in the two evaluated psittacine populations. No birds had clinical signs suggestive of chlamydiosis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on C. psittaci in free-living Blue-fronted Amazon parrots and Hyacinth macaws in Brazil.

  7. Comercialização do artesanato Kinikinau na cidade ecoturística de Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Karolinne Sotomayor Azambuja Canazilles

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses in the handicrafts Kinikinau. It aims to analyze the marketing of artifacts produced by this ethnic group, in Bonito, ecotouristic city of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The Kinikinau were considered “extinct” for over half a century. Nowadays, they seek official recognition. The Kinikinau crafts became an important tool to help in the quest for ethnic strengthening, hence the relevance of the object. The survey data was conducted through visits to centers marketing the city of Bonito and the village of São João, Indian Reserve Kadiwéu, in Porto Murtinho, as well as collecting photographic records of handicrafts exhibited for sale, semi -structured interviews with traders and artisans. Secondary sources that deal with the production and marketing of handicrafts of other ethnicities are supporting the analysis. The results describe how is the flow of the Kinikinau handicrafts market created by the ecotourism, revealing the limitations that affect this process.

  8. Prospective study on the prevention of vertical transmission of HIV in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, from 1996 to 2001

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    Márcia Maria Ferrairo Janini Dal Fabbro

    Full Text Available This prospective study, involving 76 pregnant women infected with HIV, paired with their 79 exposed infants, was carried out between May 1996 and October 2001, at the Reference Department for Pregnant Women Infected with HIV in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul. The mean age of the pregnant women was 24 years; 88% (67/76 apparently were infected due to sexual practices; 88% (67/76 were housewives; 823% (63/76 graduated from junior high school; 14.5% (11/76 reported co-infection with Hepatitis C, 9.2% with Syphilis; 51% (39/76 learned the diagnosis during prenatal care; 67% (51/76 reported HIV clinical symptomatology and 9.2% (7/76 reported opportunistic infections. Elective cesareans were performed in 57% (43/76. The mean gestational age at delivery was 38 weeks and we found 12.5% (10/80 pronatis; 97% (74/76 had a ruptured membrane time after less than four hours and one child (1.3% was nursed. ACTG 076 Protocol (AIDS Clinical Trial Group 076 was used in 80% (61/76 of the pregnant women, with 100% adherence; 62% (38/61 used zidovudine plus another antiretroviral in the gestation; 92% (73/79 of the infants used zidovudine after the birth and 19% (14/73 used zidovudine and lamivudine. The transmission rate in this study was 2.5%.

  9. EFEITO DA APLICAÇÃO DE BASALTO TRITURADO NAS CARACTERÍSTICAS QUÍMICAS DE AMOSTRAS DE SOLO DO ESTADO DE MATO GROSSO DO SUL

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    MAYKOM FERREIRA INOCÊNCIO

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective was to evaluate the effect the soil chemical characteristics with the application crushed basalt doses soil samples in the Mato Grosso do Sul State. The experiment was installed in a completely randomized design with six treatments, represented by basalt ground doses (0.00, 12.50, 25.00, 37.50, 50.00 and 62.50 g dm-3 and three replications. Samples of 200 cm3 soil each, packed in polyethylene pots were incubated in the laboratory for 90 days with crushed basalt. At the end of the incubation the samples were dried in the air, passed through a sieve with mesh 2 mm opening, homogenized and subjected to chemical analysis of pH, aluminum, calcium, magnesium, potassium end potenciaty acidy. The values base saturation (V% were calculated by the product of the bases sum per 100 divided by the cation exchange capacity at pH 7.0 (T. Concluded that the pH is shown with the greatest change the lower the power of packing the soil. With the application crushed basalt was very significant increases in the potassium levels. The biggest increases calcium and magnesium in the soils were poor in these nutrients.

  10. O universo mágico das curas: o papel das práticas mágicas e feitiçarias no universo do Mato Grosso setecentista The magic universe of cures: the role of magic practices and witchcraft in the universe of 17th century Mato Grosso

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    Mario Sá

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Analisa papel de agentes de cura exercido pelos praticantes de magia e feitiçaria na sociedade mato-grossense do século XVIII. Observa que magia e feitiçaria foram desenvolvidas como concorrentes, alternativas ou associadas a outras formas de cura (oficiais e leigas. Aponta que tais papéis contribuíram no processo de sujeição de seus praticantes, em especial africanos, indígenas e seus descendentes, e foram apropriados como oportunidade de sobrevivência na sociedade colonial escravista. A visita pastoral realizada por Bruno Pinna em 1785 a Cuiabá e adjacências serviu como fonte principal para o conhecimento das práticas e dos praticantes de magia e feitiçaria.The article analyzes the role of healing agents played by practitioners of magic and witchcraft in Mato Grosso society during the 17th century. It observes that magic and witchcraft were developed as competitors, alternatives or associated with other forms of healing (official and lay. It points out how such roles contributed to the process of subjugating its practitioners, especially Africans, Indians and their descendents, and were appropriated as an opportunity for survival in the colonial slave society. The pastoral visit made by Bruno Pinna in 1785 to Cuiabá and nearby areas served as the principal source of knowledge regarding the practices and practitioners of magic and witchcraft.

  11. Estimação da Curva de Oferta de Arroz, Feijão, Milho e Soja: Mato Grosso

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    Benedito Dias Pereira; Cleuza Maria dos Santos

    2011-01-01

    Usando-se dados compreendidos entre 1988 a 1997 de preços e quantidades produzidas das culturas de arroz, feijão, milho e soja, selecionadas pelas suas importâncias na economia regional, estima-se, com recorrência ao modelo de defasagem distribuída de Almom, uma curva de oferta para cada cultura, com o objetivo de se testar a existência ou não de racionalidade no produtor mato-grossense, variando no mesmo sentido a quantidade produzida quando o preço do bem agrícola se altera. Os resultados e...

  12. Physical-chemical characterization of honey of guarana (“Paullinia cupana var. sorbilis” in Alta Floresta, Mato Grosso Caracterização físico-química do mel de guaranazeiro ("Paullinia cupana var. sorbilis" em Alta Floresta, Mato Grosso

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    Márcio do Nascimento Ferreira

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available It was determined the physical-chemical characteristics and the pollinic origins of 17 samples of honey from guarana plant cultivation (Paullinia cupana var. sorbilis, produced by Apis mellifera L, Scaptotrigona sp. L and Melipona seminigra sp honey bee species in Alta Floresta, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Pollinic and physical-chemical analysis were determined, considering the variables humidity rate, free acidity, reducing sugar in inverted sugar, apparent sucrose, ashes and solids insoluble in water, comparing the samples to the identity and quality standards established by the local legislation. Means comparisons were made by the Dunnet test at 5% probability. The humidity rate for honey produced by indigenous honey bees – Scaptotrigona sp and Melipona seminigra sp – was high when compared to honey produced by Africanized honey bees, and the levels of reducing sugars for Scaptotrigona sp were low. Any other determinations were accordingly to standards imposed by Brazilian legislation. Through pollinic analysis, it was verified that the pollen from guarana flower was present in all samples of honey, being considered dominant pollen, with 80% of the pollen grain in the samples, showing the apicultural pontential of this species as a honey plant.Objetivou-se com o presente estudo avaliar as características físico-químicas e a origem polínica de 17 amostras de méis oriundos da cultura do guaranazeiro (Paullinia cupana var. sorbilis, produzido no município de Alta Floresta - MT por abelhas das espécies Apis mellifera L, Scaptotrigona sp. L e Melipona seminigra sp L. Foram realizadas as análises físico-químicas e polínicas, tendo como variáveis os teores de umidade, acidez livre, açúcares redutores em açúcar invertido, sacarose aparente, cinza e sólidos insolúveis em água, comparando-se as amostras aos Padrões de Identidade e Qualidade (PIQ estabelecidos pela legislação vigente. As comparações das médias foram

  13. Caracterização da tuberculose em portadores de HIV/AIDS em um serviço de referência de Mato Grosso do Sul Characterization of tuberculosis among HIV/AIDS patients at a referral center in Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Maria de Fátima Meinberg Cheade

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Investigou-se a tuberculose quanto à apresentação clínica, desfecho de tratamento e perfil sociodemográfico dos infectados pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana atendidos em 2003-2005 em um serviço de referência sulmatogrossense. Analisaram-se 66 prontuários de pacientes maiores de 14 anos e informações do Sistema de Informação Nacional de Agravos de Notificação para Tuberculose e do Sistema de Informações de Mortalidade. Predominaram indivíduos do sexo masculino, cor branca, pouca escolaridade e procedência do meio urbano. Identificou-se incremento da apresentação clínica extrapulmonar e sua relação com o comprometimento imunológico. Sobressaíram-se como formas de encerramento da tuberculose a cura (alcançada com acompanhamento mais longo que o previsto e o óbito (de seis pacientes no início do tratamento da tuberculose. Observaram-se lacunas de preenchimento nas notificações de tuberculose e nos prontuários. Detectou-se a necessidade de diagnosticar precocemente a tuberculose em soropositivos para HIV, de aperfeiçoar os registros nos prontuários e de acompanhar os casos além do período recomendado, por alteração da evolução clínica da tuberculose em co-morbidade com a infecção pelo vírus da imunodeficiência adquirida.Tuberculosis was investigated regarding its clinical presentation, treatment outcome and sociodemographic profile among HIV patients attended at a referral center in Mato Grosso do Sul, in 2003-2005. Sixty-six medical files on patients over 14 years of age and data from the Brazilian National Information System for Notifiable Diseases relating to tuberculosis and from the Mortality Information System were analyzed. Most of the patients were male, white, of low schooling level and from urban areas. Increased extrapulmonary clinical presentation was found and it correlated with the degree of immunological competence. The main reasons for ceasing treatment were cure (reached after longer

  14. Spatial analysis for stratification of priority malaria control areas, Mato Grosso State, Brazil Análise espacial na estratificação de áreas prioritárias para o controle da malária no Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Marina Atanaka-Santos

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study was to stratify priority areas for malaria control in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil, based on spatial analysis. The variables used were: Annual Parasite Index (API, Plasmodium falciparum/Plasmodium vivax ratio, population variation, number of families settled, and percent of deforested area. The Moran's I and Local Moran Test were applied, visualized with the Box Map and Moran Map, for 1986- 1991, 1992-1997, and 1998-2003. Box Map identified areas with high, low, and intermediate priority for control, and Moran Map identified municipalities with significant autocorrelation. In the high priority area, located in the North of Mato Grosso, malaria incidence decreased drastically despite the increase in the number of municipalities from the first to the last period. Other municipalities were added to the lower priority area, from the Southeast, Southwest, and Central-South of the State. The intermediate priority area was located along the border with neighboring States and municipalities classified as high and low priority. Spatial analysis showed the importance of the neighboring phenomenon between municipalities in defining priority areas, thus highlighting the technique's advantages for use in malaria control and surveillance.Pautado em técnicas de análise espacial, analisou-se a estratificação de áreas prioritárias para controle da malária no Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil. Trabalhou-se Incidência Parasitária Anual, relação Plasmodium falciparum/Plasmodium vivax, variação populacional, número de famílias assentadas e percentuais da área desmatada. Foram utilizados os testes de I de Moran e Moran Local, visualizadas pelo Box Map e Moran Map, nos períodos de: 1986 a 1991, 1992 a 1997 e 1998 a 2003. Pelo Box Map identificaram-se áreas de prioridade maior, menor e intermediária, e pelo Moran Map localizaram-se municípios com autocorrelação estatisticamente significante. Na área de maior prioridade

  15. Avaliação dos riscos envolvidos na produção de milho e soja nos municípios do Mato Grosso = Evaluation of the risks involved in the corn and soybeans productions in Mato Grosso ́s cities

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    Fernanda Aparecida Castro Pereira

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available A agricultura opera com instabilidade de produção principalmente devido a fatores imprevisíveis que afetam a cultura. Por esse motivo, as seguradoras têm dificuldade de quantificar o risco exato associado aos municípios produtores, principalmente no estado de Mato Grosso. Não existem estudos claros associados à segmentação e quantificação desse risco em uma escala menor. Diante desse fato, o trabalho buscou quantificar e segmentar o risco de produção de milho e soja no estado Mato-Grossense por meio de análises de agrupamento. Para o agrupamento das médias, foi adotada a metodologia não hierárquica de agrupamento denominada K-means, onde se obteve sete clusters. O risco associado à cada cluster foi estimado com base no cálculo do coeficiente de variação da média de produtividade de milho e soja entre os municípios. O trabalho apresentou variação na taxa de risco entre os clusters principalmente considerando a produtividade de milho; os municípios do cluster número 3 (Porto Alegre do Norte, Serra Nova Dourada, Santa Terezinha, Jangada, Barra do Bugres e Porto Estrela apresentaram as maiores taxas de risco (10,2% e podem ser desconsiderados da carteira de crédito das seguradoras; e, para a soja, as taxas de riscos entre os clusters foram similares devido à estabilidade produtiva até o momento. Nesse cenário, sugere-se que as seguradoras trabalhem com prêmios menores e introduzam programas de subvenção ao seguro rural naqueles municípios com risco individual elevado. = Agriculture operates with instability of production mainly due to unpredictable factors affecting the culture. Therefore, insurances have been difficult to quantify the exact risk associated with agricultural producing in the cities, mainly in the state of Mato Grosso. There are no clear studies associated with segmentation and quantification of this risk on a smaller scale. Therefore, the objective of this research was to quantify the risk and

  16. A implantação do escritório de projetos (PMO da Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul: uma iniciativa inovadora na gestão pública sul-mato-grossense

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    Vera Lucia Lescano de Almeida

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1983-4535.2015v8n4p38 Este estudo destaca a importância da criação de um Escritório de Projetos (PMO em uma Universidade Pública como elemento eficaz na tomada de decisão dos processos administrativos. A iniciativa inovadora na gestão pública sul-mato-grossense teve início em outubro de 2011 e o projeto de Implantação do PMO da Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul - UEMS segue o Guia PMBOK, publicado pelo Project Management Institute (PMI, nos Estados Unidos da América, em 1969. O Guia estabelece cinco processos para implantação de um PMO: 1 levantamento da estrutura organizacional (levantamento dos problemas; 2 identificação e escolha de metodologias (softwares; 3 customização (treinamentos; 4 divulgação (mudança de cultura organizacional; e, 5 gerenciamento de projetos. A metodologia adotada para o trabalho foi a de Estudo de Caso com as etapas de sensibilização por meio de palestras, de capacitação para que pudessem diagramar os problemas-chaves das suas Unidades Universitárias, com intuito de obter um inventário de forma democrática e participativa e de análise dos resultados alcançados. Na UEMS, o trabalho abrangeu suas quinze unidades universitárias e o modelo de Escritório de Projetos adotado foi o “PMO Nível Estratégico” (nível 3, com desdobramentos junto às Pró-Reitorias, Diretorias e Unidades Universitárias (nível 2 até os setores Operacionais (nível 1. Este artigo relata como se desenvolveram as três primeiras fases do processo de implantação do Escritório de Projetos da UEMS e a sua contribuição significativa no gerenciamento dos projetos e os resultados positivos alcançados desta gestão.

  17. Recursos medicinais de espécies do Cerrado de Mato Grosso: um estudo bibliográfico

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    Guarim Neto Germano

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A flora do Cerrado é de enorme riqueza, mas somente 1,5% de sua extensão é protegida por lei. Em vista disto, é preciso valorizar os recursos que ela oferece e que estão sob forte pressão de extinção, como as espécies medicinais. Assim, o presente estudo faz uma revisão bibliográfica aprofundada de trabalhos que indiquem as informações das espécies medicinais do cerrado mato-grossense, com intuito de se estabelecer uma base de dados regionais e, conseqüentemente, iniciar uma discussão em nível nacional. A revisão da flora medicinal constatou o total de 509 espécies, distribuídas em 297 gêneros e 96 famílias. As famílias com maior número de espécies foram Asteraceae e Fabaceae (7% das espécies e os gêneros foram Hyptis e Tabebuia (oito espécies. As espécies com maior número de citações bibliográficas foram Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart. Coville e Anemopaegma arvense (Vell. Stelf. O predomínio foi de espécies arbóreas (31%. Os valores relatados superaram, em muito, estimativas anteriores e, em vista das áreas que ainda não foram cobertas por pesquisas mato-grossenses, acredita-se que o presente resultado poderá ser significativamente ampliado no futuro.

  18. O PIBID de Ciências Sociais da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso e a formação de professores de Sociologia para a Educação Básica

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    Francisco Xavier Freire Rodrigues

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the contributions of the Institutional Scholarship Program for Initiation (PIBID of Social Sciences of the Federal University of Mato Grosso in the training of Sociology teachers for basic education in Cuiabá (Mato Grosso State. The main objective of this paper is to discuss the scope and the limitations that the conceptions and practices prevailing in the public schools of basic education and higher education institutions that train teachers, on the one hand, and the factors that influence recruitment for the teaching career, on the other, may bring to the purposes of the recent Institutional Scholarship Program for Initiation into Teaching (PIBID-CAPES. This is a qualitative investigation that has as its main techniques bibliographical review, ethnography at the PIBID schools and interviews with scholarship holders and supervisors. Since the Program is part of a wider set of actions that aim to establish a public policy for teacher training and basic education, the first part of the article describes the goals and principles that give support to the proposal. The second part is devoted to the assessment of the impact of training actions of the PIBID of Social Sciences at the Federal University of Mato Grosso on students (both scholarship holders and non-scholarship holders and to the contextualization of the experience in the more general framework of this teacher training course. Finally, in the light of the experiences described in the second part, the article presents an assessment of current features of the educational systems that can prevent, if they not changed, the objectives pursued by the Program, viz. fostering the improvement of training and the enhancement of the teaching career, integrating the theoretical and practical training in the curriculum of the courses with the inclusion of schools as loci of training.

  19. Dinâmica demográfica dos Kamaiurá, povo Tupi do Parque Indígena do Xingu, Mato Grosso, Brasil, 1970-1999 Dinámica demográfica de los Kamaiurá, pueblo Tupí del Parque Indígena del Xingu, Mato Grosso, Brasil, 1970-1999 Demographic dynamics of the Kamaiurá, a Tupi people living in the Xingu Indigenous Park, in Mato Grosso, Brazil, 1970-1999

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    Heloisa Pagliaro

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa a dinâmica demográfica dos Kamaiurá, povo do tronco lingüístico Tupi, que, juntamente com outros nove povos das línguas Aruak, Karib, Tupi e Trumai, habitam o Parque Indígena do Xingu (PIX, ao norte do Mato Grosso. As fontes de dados são as fichas médicas e os livros de registro de eventos vitais do arquivo do Programa de Saúde da Universidade Federal de São Paulo no PIX, alimentado regularmente desde 1965. As medidas demográficas estimadas são: composição por idade e sexo; taxas brutas de natalidade; taxas de fecundidade total; taxas de mortalidade geral e taxas de mortalidade específicas por idade e sexo; mortalidade proporcional por sexo e idade; e taxas de mortalidade infantil. O estudo mostra que os Kamaiurá estão vivenciando um processo de recuperação populacional, com crescimento de 3,1% ao ano, entre 1970 e 1999. Altos níveis de fecundidade contribuíram para a expansão das novas gerações Kamaiurá, garantindo a sobrevivência física do grupo. Níveis de mortalidade relativamente baixos e estáveis resultaram da melhoria das condições de saúde, o que propicia aumento da sobrevivência de crianças, jovens, adultos e idosos, assegurando maior longevidade à população e manutenção de sua organização social.Este trabajo analiza la dinámica demográfica de los Kamaiurá, pueblo del tronco lingüístico Tupí, que, junto con otros nueve pueblos de las lenguas Aruak, Karib, Tupí y Trumai, habitan el Parque Indígena del Xingu (PIX, al norte del Mato Grosso. Las fuentes de datos son las fichas médicas y los libros de registro de eventos vitales del archivo del Programa de Salud de la Universidad Federal de San Pablo en el PIX, alimentado regularmente desde 1965. Las medidas demográficas estimadas son: composición por edad y sexo; tasas brutas de natalidad; tasas de fecundidad total; tasas de mortalidad general y tasas de mortalidad específicas por edad y sexo; mortalidad proporcional

  20. Gestão de marketing nas associações e cooperativas de agronegócio : o caso da Associação dos Produtores de Soja e Milho do Estado de Mato Grosso

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    Araújo, Anelise Machado de

    2003-01-01

    Esta dissertação analisar gestão de marketing no agronegócio, especificamente no contexto da Associação dos Produtores de Soja e Milho do Estado de Mato Grosso (Aprosoja/MT); trata-se de uma iniciativa que pode ser considerada um novo perfil de liderança no sistema cooperativista. O problema de pesquisa é identificar quais são os fundamentos da gestão de marketing da Aprosoja/MT. Para isso, foi realizado um estudo de caso único, com finalidade exploratória e enfoque qualitativo...

  1. Incidência de grãos esverdeados em soja, em seis locais da Região Sul de Mato Grosso do Sul, safra 2004/2005

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    Rangel,Marco Antônio Sedrez; Ono,Fábio Benedito; Lobo, Paulo Machado; Cardoso, Paulo César

    2007-01-01

    Com o objetivo de verificar a incidência de grãos esverdeados, foi conduzido o presente trabalho, avaliando-se oito cultivares de soja em seis ambientes de Mato Grosso do Sul, na safra 2004/2005. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos casualizados com três repetições. Os dados de temperatura média e precipitação foram obtidos em estações meteorológicas próximas a dois locais dos experimentos. Avaliou-se o rendimento de grãos e, aos seis meses de armazenamento, o percentual de grãos esverde...

  2. Queimadas: avaliação de políticas públicas ambientais de prevenção e controle de incêndios – caso de Mato Grosso

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    Ferraz, Natacha Chabalin

    2013-01-01

    Qual o impacto nos resultados de foco de calor pelas políticas públicas ambientais de prevenção e controle de incêndios florestais (queimadas) no Estado de Mato Grosso no recorte temporal de 1999-2011? Ele existe? Quais os fatores que afetam direta ou indiretamente os resultados? Partindo do pressuposto de que o Governo sistematiza suas ações de políticas públicas ambientais com características específicas, e que questões ambientais concorrem com diversas áreas e fatores, esse ...

  3. Resgate do manejo tradicional do Cerrado com fogo para proteção das Terras Indígenas do oeste do Mato Grosso: um estudo de caso

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    Falleiro, Rodrigo de Moraes; Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis/IBAMA

    2011-01-01

    Este estudo de caso teve por objetivo descrever o manejo tradicional do Cerrado com fogo, proposto pelas comunidades indígenas do oeste do Mato Grosso, como parte das estratégias utilizadas na prevenção aos incêndios florestais. No período de 2007 a 2010 foi implementado pelo Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis – IBAMA e pela Fundação Nacional do Índio – FUNAI um programa de prevenção e combate aos incêndios florestais nas Terras Indígenas Irantxe, Myky, P...

  4. A IMPORTÂNCIA DOS DADOS E INFORMAÇÕES AGROECONÔMICAS PARA PRODUTORES DE ALGODÃO DE MATO GROSSO

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    Marcos Daniel Martins Souza

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Em contato com a AMPA – Associação Matogrossense de Produtores de Algodão foi nos reportado a respeito do desconhecimento de informações inerentes a demanda por dados e informações agroeconômicas, em relação aos seus produtores associados. A partir da definição da hipótese, caracterizou-se o objetivo em direção a confirmação desta, onde se buscou identificar, em grau de importância, demanda por dados e informações agroeconômicas, sob influência do capital humano e do posicionamento do produtor de algodão na economia. Em parceria com a AMPA, operacionalizou-se pesquisa de campo, aplicando questionário estruturado, tendo como resultado a formatação de um banco de dados agroeconômico inerente ao momento atual do produtor de algodão de Mato Grosso. Para inferir a relação de causalidade entre as variáveis participantes da análise, utilizou-se método estatístico de análise de correlação utilizando o modelo de Pearson, Kendall e Spearman, demonstrando assim a influência das variáveis no comportamento do produtor. Dentre as variáveis fortemente correlacionadas com o comportamento do produtor, identificou-se, utilizando o método de análise de regressão, as variáveis que melhor explicam, em grau de importância, o comportamento do produtor de algodão de Mato Grosso, na atualidade. Processada a pesquisa, elucidou-se que: a cesta de ativos de dados e informações demandada pelo produtor de algodão, varia de acordo com o capital humano disponível e sua segunda atividade econômica empreendida; preços do produto, consultoria e análise do mercado externo caracterizam os tipos de informação que apresentam maior grau de importância para o produtor. Quando se colocou em evidência a variável nível de instrução na análise, todos os tipos de ativo de dados e informação participantes da configuração da cesta apresentaram igualdade de importância para o produtor, concluindo que o capital humano

  5. Hemoparasites of the genus Trypanosoma (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae and hemogregarines in Anurans of the São Paulo and Mato Grosso do Sul States - Brazil

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    Denise D.M. Leal

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Wild animals are exposed to numerous pathogens, including hemoparasites. The Trypanosoma and hemogregarinegroup are frequently reported as parasites in anurans (frogs, tree frogs and toads. The identification of these hemoparasites is usually made through stage observation of their morphology in the peripheral blood of the host. There areno studies, however, based on the biological cycle of these hemoparasites. The objective of the present study was toevaluate the presence of hemogregarines and Trypanosoma spp. in anurans captured in the States of São Paulo andMato Grosso do Sul- Brazil and to perform the morphological and morphometric characterization of these hemoparasites. The species of anurans examined were: Dendropsophus nanus, D. minutus, Leptodactylus chaquensis L. podicipinus, L. labyrinthicus, L. fuscus, Bufo granulosus, B. schneideri, Phyllomedusa hypocondrialis, Trachicephalus venulosus, Scinax fuscovarius and Hypsiboas albopunctatus. Of the total of 40 animals studied, four (10%were positive for hemogregarines and eight (20% were positive for Trypanosoma spp. Hemogregarine gamontsshowed variable morphology and, in addition to intraerythrocytic forms, extraerythrocytic forms were also observed.Extremely different forms of Trypanosoma were observed, as described in the literature, with the broad and oval forms being the most common.Os animais silvestres estão expostos a inúmeros patógenos,dentre eles estão os hemoparasitas. Podem-se destacar espécies do gênero Trypanosoma e do grupo das hemogregarinas,que ocorrem com freqüência parasitando anuros (rãs, pererecas e sapos. Normalmente, a descrição destes hemoparasitas é feita através da morfologia dos estágios observados nosangue periférico do hospedeiro e as pesquisas sobre o ciclobiológico desses hemoparasitas são escassas. Os objetivos dopresente estudo foram avaliar a presença de hemogregarinas eTrypanosoma spp. em anuros capturados nos Estados de São Paulo e

  6. Composição centesimal e mineral de plantas medicinais comercializadas no mercado do Porto de Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.G.G. PEDRO

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO O presente trabalho teve como objetivo determinar a composição centesimal (cinzas, umidade, proteínas, lipídeos e carboidratos totais e mineral (Na, K, Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn e Zn das plantas medicinais Barbatimão (Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart. Coville, Carqueja (Baccharis trimera (Less D.C., Mangava-Brava (Lafoensia pacari A. St.-Hil., e Quebra Pedra (Phyllanthus niruri L. comercializadas no mercado do Porto de Cuiabá, MT. As amostras foram identificadas botanicamente por meio da exsicata feita no Instituto de Botânica da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Campus Cuiabá. A composição centesimal foi determinada de acordo com as recomendações da Association of Official Analytical Chemists e a concentração dos minerais foi quantificada por Espectrometria de Absorção Atômica em Chama. Os resultados obtidos foram: umidade (7,72% a 12,10%; cinzas (1,64% a 8,44%; proteínas (2,36% a 9,35%; lipídeos (0,41% a 2,05%; carboidratos totais (72,09% a 82,37% e, foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre as amostras (p K>Zn>Cu>Mg>Mn>Ca>Fe. Os valores obtidos em 200 mL das infusões quando comparados aos índices diários recomendados para minerais sugerem que os chás avaliados podem ser fonte de minerais, principalmente de K e Mn.