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Sample records for brazilian electric company

  1. The new tariff model based on marginal costs developing concept for Brazilian electric sector. A case study for Power and Light Company of Sao Paulo State (Brazil)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new methodology for power generation cost accounts in Brazilian electric sector is described, with the application of marginal costs theory and its deviation in developing economies. A case report from a Brazilian Power and Light Company is studied, focalizing the seasoning, the planning, the tariff model and the power generation, transmission and distribution. (M.V.M.). 19 refs, 28 figs, 1 tab

  2. Planning and administration of human resources in Brazilian Electric Power Companies; Planejamento e administracao de recursos humanos nas empresas brasileiras do setor de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dias, Devanir Vieira

    1985-12-01

    Administration and planning of human resources in Brazilian Companies of Electric Power Sector analyzes the evolution of the concept of business planning. This work explore the specific literature of this theme, giving emphasis in predict methods and human resources development and planning models. Is also presented a case study, realized in 1979, which comprehended 84 % of Brazilian Energy Companies. This study aims to evaluate the results of an implementation of this planning and development models 64 refs., 12 figs., 22 tabs.

  3. IPO Determinants of Brazilian Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Cals de Oliveira

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The literature on Initial Public Offerings (IPO is still little explored in Brazil, since the significant growth in the stock market occurred only recently. The purpose of this study is to identify the determining factors for the IPO of Brazilian companies, based on logistic regression methods and using a sample with private and public Brazilian companies. The results indicate that firms that undertook their IPO in the period were those that had been making significant investments, those that had the highest level of profitability and/or those that increased their level of indebtedness. The IPO was an alternative to improve the capital structure and/or raise funds to continue investing in their growth. The companies that went public were those that seized the opportunity offered in the period and the size of the companies was not significant for the IPO.

  4. The new tariff model based on marginal costs developing concept for Brazilian electric sector. A case study for Power and Light Company of Sao Paulo State (Brazil); O novo modelo tarifario baseado no conceito de custos marginais em desenvolvimento para o setor eletrico brasileiro. Um estudo de caso para a Companhia Paulista de Forca e Luz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correia, S.P.S.

    1991-12-31

    A new methodology for power generation cost accounts in Brazilian electric sector is described, with the application of marginal costs theory and its deviation in developing economies. A case report from a Brazilian Power and Light Company is studied, focalizing the seasoning, the planning, the tariff model and the power generation, transmission and distribution. (M.V.M.). 19 refs, 28 figs, 1 tab.

  5. luxury marketing: internationalization strategies for brazilian jewelry companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaline Gasperini

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to make an analysis of the luxury market and of Brazilian jewelry companies. The main objective is to analyze the attraction of external marketing to luxury brands internationalization, emphasizing Brazilian jewelry companies. First, the national environment of luxury market an jewelry in Brazil is presented. In sequence, it will address the possible goals, risks and opportunities that internationalized jewelry companies face in the expansion process and its difficulties in foreign markets. Finally, some forms of internationalization will be presented based on the case of the Brazilian jewelry companies H Stern and Talento Jóias. The methodology used in this article is exploratory, with documental analysis and in depth interview. As theoretical foundations for the article, the themes luxury, exportations, company internationalization and global market were addressed. The main author(s researched were: Allérès (2006, Almeida (2007, Czinkota (2001, Grande (2007, Lipovetsky e Roux (2005. Among the main conclusions, Brazilian jewelry companies have great advantages compared to other countries, having the possibility to use Brazilian nature resources, like precious stones and gems, thus, it become more interesting and viable to innovate and conquer external market. Besides, jewelry market attractions make several entrepreneurs interested in opening business in this field, and lately internationalize them, such as H Stern case.

  6. Systematic risk variations (beta convertible debenture brazilian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Drumond Pinto Coelho Antonino

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available purpose of this article is to analyze the impact of issuing convertible debentures on the systematic risk of Brazilian companies. Some applied researches in the U.S. capital market (STEIN, 1992; LEWIS et al, 2002; RAI, 2005 indicate that convertible debentures may be used as an alternative financing source when adverse selection problem makes stock issuing unattractive financing source. The analysis of Brazilian companies that issued convertible debentures recorded in the period from 1998 to 2006 and that presented liquidity on the market indicated that variation in beta, on average, is positive. These results are coherent with the signaling hypothesis and with the absence of convertible debenture issuing in 2005 and 2006 on the Brazilian market. They also may be related to the precarious financial situation of issuing companies, observed by the analysis of some financial indicators in year of issue and in two pre- e post-issuing years.

  7. TRADING FORWARD IN THE BRAZILIAN ELECTRICITY MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Cesar Coutinho

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We study the interaction between forward and spot electricity markets in a scenario where buyers and sellers are price takers in the forward market and trade through marketers, who play a Cournot game. Our model’s main features come from the Brazilian electricity market, where a free contract market coexists with a regulated contract market, and the spot price is the output of a stochastic dynamic algorithm. We are able to show that the price of energy bought (sold forward decreases (increases with the number of marketers, and that, as a result, full hedging is achieved in the limit. We also investigate the effects on prices of changes in the number of market participants and in aggregate consumption and supply, an exercise that yields important policy recommendations for the Brazilian regulator.

  8. Environmental management in companies from Rio Grande do Sul - a comparative study with other brazilian companies

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Candido da Silva Cyrne; Claus Haetinger; Claudete Rempel

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to describe how companies have managed the environmental issues, which kind of instruments are used for this purpose, comparing companies from the state of Rio Grande do Sul and the rest of Brazil. This work was developed using data published by Análise Editorial magazine about the environmental management practices that have been used by Brazilian companies. Data was obtained from the seventh edition of the yearbook Análise da Gestão Ambiental, which includes 853 companies, 2...

  9. Formulation of a projection model of electric power demand applied to isolated systems in natural development: the case of the brazilian electric company of Rondonia territory; Formulacao de um modelo de projecao de demanda de energia eletrica aplicado a sistemas isolados em desenvolvimento natural: o caso da CERON - Centrais Eletricas de Rondonia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dourado, Rosana Aparecida

    2004-07-01

    The Electricity inserts it self more than other services in the economy and in the Brasilian society resulting an increase of market of electrical energy more than that of economy e consequently in the national energy bases. Given the importance of the definition of the demand of electrical energy inside the development process of a region, the objective of this dissertation is to propose a model of forecasting energy demand applied to a small scale utility. With basing on the foundation that the electrical energy demand varies accordingly with the region, social levels and economical conditions and also the activities developed, the method utilized was a definition of a set of representative variables in this context, using the relation between the population an the number of residential consumers; consumption per residential consumer and the consumption structure of the residential segment over the total demand. The results with the application of the model utilizing this philosophy of the technique of modeling scenes, permitted the definition of electrical energy demand for the market of the Brazilian electric company CERON S.A. like a case study. (author)

  10. Cleaner Production: A Growing Movement in Brazilian Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oduvaldo Vendrametto

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Cleaner Production (CP is gaining emphasis in both world and Brazilian production sectors. Nature’s warnings indicating the exhaustion of any capacity to absorb and regenerate waste, stricter legislation regarding pollution emitters, market competitiveness associated with environmental and social responsibility cause concerns and lead to actions to reduce aggressions against the environment. This paper shows evidence of this concern and presents cases in which a large automotive industry, acting as a partner to suppliers, promotes changes in how it delivers its products, eliminating large cardboard, plastic and wood packaging. A small company had a similar initiative, reducing the use of cardboard and plastic packaging. More important is the revelation of a widely dispersed, yet growing and incremental movement of responsibilities among companies.The benefits of cleaner production implementation were evaluated by confronting environmental and financial assessment. For the ambient evaluation, it will be used methodology of Material Intensity (Wuppertal Institute, a.

  11. Environmental Financial Information: differences in disclosure levels among Brazilian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaína da Silva Ferreira

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Issues related to the environment and sustainability have motivated interests of the academic community and organizations. The current model of society is permeated by excessive production and consumption, which is exacerbating man's relationship with nature. It is a fact that, to subsist, society needs the manufacturing of products and delivery of services, but it is also known that manufacturing products and providing services impact the environment. The impact also differs according to the activity that is developed. In Brazil, Law No. 10.165/2000 determines on the National Environmental Policy and ranks companies according to the environmental impact they cause. This research analyzed the voluntary disclosure of environmental financial information in Brazilian companies, classified into sectors with different environmental impacts. Therefore, we investigated the Standardized Financial Statements of the companies that make up the IBRX-50 index, in its portfolio from May to August 2014, in the years 2011, 2012 and 2013. The measure ranked the environmental financial information, distributing the data into seven categories and 30 subcategories. The most evidenced category relates to environmental investments, with 58% of the information disclosed. The highest amount presented was in the category of environmental liabilities and contingencies, with R$259.84 billion. The results show that there is a difference in the disclosure of environmental financial information compared to the amount of sentences disclosed without the number of subcategories evidenced. The nonparametric test and content analysis showed that, in the years analyzed, companies with high environmental impact disclose more environmental financial information.

  12. Brazilian hybrid electric fuel cell bus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miranda, P.E.V.; Carreira, E.S. [Coppe-Federal Univ. of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). Hydrogen Lab.

    2010-07-01

    The first prototype of a hybrid electric fuel cell bus developed with Brazilian technology is unveiled. It is a 12 m urban-type, low-floor, air-conditioned bus that possesses three doors, air suspension, 29 seats and reversible wheelchair site. The bus body was built based on a double-deck type monoblock vehicle that is able to sustain important load on its roof. This allowed positioning of the type 3 hydrogen tanks and the low weight traction batteries on the roof of the vehicles without dynamic stabilization problems. A novel hybrid energy configuration was designed in such a way that the low-power (77 kWe) fuel cell works on steady-state operation mode, not responding directly to the traction motor load demand. The rate of kinetic energy regeneration upon breaking was optimized by the use of an electric hybrid system with predominance of batteries and also by utilizing supercapacitors. The electric-electronic devices and the security control softwares for the auxiliary and traction systems were developed in-house. The innovative hybrid-electric traction system configuration led to the possibility to decrease the fuel cell power, with positive impact on weight and system volume reduction, as well as to significantly decrease the hydrogen consumption. (orig.)

  13. SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PRACTICE OF BRAZILIAN FOOTWEAR-EXPORTING COMPANIES

    OpenAIRE

    Scherer, Flavia Luciane; Gomes, Clandia Maffini; Crespam, Cristina Ceribola

    2010-01-01

    The present study aims to analyze social and environmental management practices adopted by Brazilian footwear-exporting companies. To that end, we reviewed the literature on the Brazilian footwear industry and its socio-environmental management, which serves to frame our empirical survey of Brazilian footwear manufacturers having international operations, according to the Brazilian Footwear Association [ABICALÇADOS]. We undertook a descriptive study by using the survey method as a data collec...

  14. Composition of the board and firm value of brazilian public companies

    OpenAIRE

    Enalto de Oliveira Gondrige; Ademir Clemente; Márcia Maria dos Santos Bortolocci Espejo

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the composition of boards of directors of Brazilian public companies and the firm value. The analysis is conducted by reference to a group of 208 Brazilian companies listed on Bovespa in the year 2008. The contribution of the study is done to assess the level of adherence to the recommendations of the Brazilian Institute of Corporate Governance (IBGC) regarding the composition of the board and its relation to market value. U...

  15. Delisting Brazilian Public Companies: Empirical Evidence about Corporate Governance Issues

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    Patricia Maria Bortolon

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper prop oses to analyse the relationship between corporate governance and delisting process of public companies listed on the Brazilian Securities, Commodities and Futures Exchange (Bolsa de Valores, Mercadorias e Futuros de São Paulo – BM&FBovespa. The sample co mprises 86 voluntary delisting operations in 2008 - 2012 period and a matching sample with companies that remained public, identified here as “comparable”. A corporate governance index comprising four dimensions (ownership structure, ethics and conflicts of interest, disclosure and board of directors and a set of 16 questions was used to analyse the two groups. As expected, delisted companies score lower than their comparable ones is the broad index. However, board of directors, disclosure and ethics and con flicts of interest dimensions didn’t show statistical significant differences between the two groups. In the ownership structure dimension the issues related to concentration of control differentiate the groups. Despite the mean differences, corporate gove rnance doesn’t seem to impact significantly the chances to delist in a model with ownership structure and financial variables.

  16. FUZZY CLUSTERING: APPLICATION ON ORGANIZATIONAL METAPHORS IN BRAZILIAN COMPANIES

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    Angel Cobo

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Different theories of organization and management are based on implicit images or metaphors. Nevertheless, a quantitative approach is needed to minimize human subjectivity or bias on metaphors studies. Hence, this paper analyzed the presence of metaphors and clustered them using fuzzy data mining techniques in a sample of 61 Brazilian companies that operate in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. For this purpose the results of a questionnaire answered by 198 employees of companies in the sample were analyzed by R free software. The results show that it is difficult to find a clear image in most organizations. In most cases characteristics of different images or metaphors are observed, so soft computing techniques are particularly appropriate for this type of analysis. However, according to these results, it is noted that the most present image in the organizations studied is that of “organisms” and the least present image is that of a “political system” and of an “instrument of domination”

  17. Memorial 1997 - ENDESA (Chilean Electricity Company)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report provides a comprehensive survey, in depth assessment of the activities overview of ENDESA, Chilean Electricity Company, highlighting economical information and including historical and technical aspects. Economics is its focal point, but other relevant data are shown, like technical data on hydroelectric and thermoelectric power plants. Main activities developed by ENDESA are described, such in Chile as in the foreign. Data on power generation, transmission and transport are also presented and an economical balance of each colligated company are done and analysed

  18. ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS IN THE MARKET VALUE OF COMPANIES THE ELECTRIC ENERGY SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rômulo José Soares Miranda

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of financial, economic and legal variables on the market value of companies operating in the electricity sector of the brazilian economy. To perform this study, we used the methodology Ordinary Least Squares (OLS. The Electricity Sector Index (ESI was used as a proxy to evaluate the performance of these companies that make up the sector. The results pointed that the market value of these companies is influenced by the rates charged for the services, by the consumption of electricity in the country and also by the interest rate. In addition, it is verified also that institutional and regulatory changes are important determinants of the market value of these companies. Keywords: Electricity Sector. Electricity Sector Index (ESI. Brazil.

  19. Differences in the patent management in Brazilian companies with and without plants abroad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilda Maria Salomé Pereira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares the procedures of local Brazilian companies (those which have plants in Brazil only with those of international Brazilian companies (which have plants in at least two countries regarding the patent management. Although there are a lot more variables to consider when examining the issue of patents in companies, this study presents and analyzes the results of a qualitative research on the decision to patent innovations, the choice of countries where to patent and the strategic significance of patents to the company.

  20. MODERN ELECTRIC CARS OF TESLA MOTORS COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. F. Vynakov

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This overview article shows the advantages of a modern electric car as compared with internal combustion cars by the example of the electric vehicles of Tesla Motors Company. It (в смысле- статья describes the history of this firm, provides technical and tactical characteristics of three modifications of electric vehicles produced by Tesla Motors. Modern electric cars are not less powerful than cars with combustion engines both in speed and acceleration amount. They are reliable, economical and safe in operation. With every year the maximum range of an electric car is increasing and its battery charging time is decreasing.Solving the problem of environmental safety, the governments of most countries are trying to encourage people to switch to electric cars by creating subsidy programs, lending and abolition of taxation. Therefore, the advent of an electric vehicle in all major cities of the world is inevitable.

  1. Corporate governance and internationalization of capital of brazilian companies of the sectors construction and transports

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Beatriz Grangeiro Ribeiro Maia; Alessandra Carvalho de Vasconcelos; Márcia Martins Mendes De Luca

    2013-01-01

    The study aims at analyzing comparatively the representativeness of foreign capital in the capital of Brazilian companies of the sectors construction and transports, considering their segments on the BM&FBovespa. The internationalization of the 66 companies in the sample was measured by the percentage of the company's share capital held by foreign investors, and governance by the company's participation on the “Differentiated Level of Corporate Governance” (DLCG) segments of BM&FBoves...

  2. Analysis of tariff levels from electric company in relation to financing request

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The economic-financial model of the Brazilian electric sector is discussed, considering the compatibility of the practiced tariff levels to the demand of consumption market and the production and operation costs. Some institutional actions are identified as solutions for emergency questions and subsides to the big strategies. The economic-finance indicators are also presented, showing the performance of the electrical companies. (C.G.C.)

  3. Lifestyle factors, direct and indirect costs for a Brazilian airline company

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.M. Rabacow (Fabiana Maluf); O. Do Carmo Luiz (Olinda); A.M. Malik (Ana Maria); A. Burdorf (Alex)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractObjective: To analyze lifestyle risk factors related to direct healthcare costs and the indirect costs due to sick leave among workers of an airline company in Brazil. Methods: In this longitudinal 12-month study of 2,201 employees of a Brazilian airline company, the costs of sick leave

  4. Improvement of the electric power sector through the access to the national power transmission system - SINTREL (Brazilian National System of Electric Power Transmission); Aperfeicoamento do setor de energia eletrica atraves do acesso a transmissao - SINTREL (Sistema Nacional de Transmissao de Energia Eletrica)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-04-01

    This report presents the organization and the operation of SINTREL (Brazilian National System of Electric Power Transmission), the national power transmission system, and it defines its function in the process of reform of the Brazilian electric sector. Besides showing the traditional organization of the companies and of the electric system, and the evolution of the organization of the Brazilian electric system to favor the competition.

  5. Evaluation of the Effect of Environmental Management Strategies on the Financial Performance of Brazilian Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel Aguiar De Araújo; Marcos Cohen; Jorge Ferreira da Silva

    2014-01-01

    Since the last decades of the 20th century, companies have been pressured by new demands of society in order to present more conscious and sustainable behaviors. Adapting to this new paradigm, many of the medium and large companies have directed their strategies and actions to social and environmental aspects. Environmental management figures as an indispensable tool to guide such actions. The purpose of this article is to understand the environmental practices of Brazilian companies and to a...

  6. 78 FR 72877 - Arkansas Electric Corporation v. Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Complaint

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-04

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Arkansas Electric Corporation v. Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company; Notice... Procedure of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (Commission), 18 CFR 385.206, Arkansas Electric Corporation (Complainant) filed a formal complaint against Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company...

  7. CAPM (Capital Asset Pricing Model) and regulation in Brazilian electric distribution sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the use of Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) Beta in the Brazilian electric distribution sector tariffs review. The betas applied by the Regulatory Agency are defined using data from the American, English and Brazilian markets. These betas will then be compared to the betas obtained in the domestic market. The betas were directly obtained from an economic-financial databank largely employed by the market. The sample is composed of companies' shares, priced at Sao Paulo Stock Market. Their main activity is the distribution of electric energy between July 2002 and July 2007. The results of mean betas obtained for the distribution segment, with values close to the ones applied by the regulatory agency for the cycle of tariff reviews between 2007-2010. (author)

  8. Electric utility companies and geothermal power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pivirotto, D. S.

    1976-01-01

    The requirements of the electric utility industry as the primary potential market for geothermal energy are analyzed, based on a series of structured interviews with utility companies and financial institution executives. The interviews were designed to determine what information and technologies would be required before utilities would make investment decisions in favor of geothermal energy, the time frame in which the information and technologies would have to be available, and the influence of the governmental politics. The paper describes the geothermal resources, electric utility industry, its structure, the forces influencing utility companies, and their relationship to geothermal energy. A strategy for federal stimulation of utility investment in geothermal energy is suggested. Possibilities are discussed for stimulating utility investment through financial incentives, amelioration of institutional barriers, and technological improvements.

  9. Lost in Translation : Interpreting the Brazilian Electric Power Privatisation Failure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Tankha (Sunil)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractDid Latin American privatisation polices fail because of flawed implementation of fundamentally sound policies or because privatisation policies were themselves seriously flawed? Using the Brazilian electric power reforms as a narrative tool, this paper examines the causal chain assumed

  10. 17 CFR 250.7 - Companies deemed not to be electric or gas utility companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... electric or gas utility companies. 250.7 Section 250.7 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Registration and General Exemptions § 250.7 Companies deemed not to be electric or gas utility companies....

  11. 76 FR 24465 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-02

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Pacific Gas and Electric Company Notice of Application Tendered for Filing....: 2310-193. c. Date Filed: April 12, 2011. d. Applicant: Pacific Gas and Electric Company. e. Name of... Contact: Steve Peirano, Relicensing Project Manager, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, P.O. Box...

  12. Determining factors for the adoption of stock option plans in brazilian publicly traded companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geovanne Dias de Moura

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective was to identify the determining factors for the adoption of stock option plans in Brazilian publicly traded companies. Therefore, a descriptive research was developed by means of document analysis and a quantitative approach, using logistic regression. The sample consists of 158 companies, using data for the period from 2009 till 2012. The results evidenced an increase in the number of companies with stock option plans during the period. Among the factors company size, liquidity constraint, stock concentration, horizon problem, stockholder participation of CEO, dual function of CEO and chairman of the board, described in the literature as influences for the use of stock option plans, three were confirmed in the sample analyzed. The factors “current liquidity” between 2010 and 2012; “horizon problem” between 2009 and 2012; and “stockholder participation” in 2012, further evidence positive relations in the Brazilian context.

  13. SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PRACTICE OF BRAZILIAN FOOTWEAR-EXPORTING COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavia Luciane Scherer

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to analyze social and environmental management practices adopted by Brazilian footwear-exporting companies. To that end, we reviewed the literature on the Brazilian footwear industry and its socio-environmental management, which serves to frame our empirical survey of Brazilian footwear manufacturers having international operations, according to the Brazilian Footwear Association [ABICALÇADOS]. We undertook a descriptive study by using the survey method as a data collection procedure. The data obtained from responding companies showed the predominance of firms with proven market experience, mostly large-sized and with at least two decades of activity. The descriptive analysis allowed us to verify that whereas their investments in environmental practices usually have low to medium intensity rates, these investments nonetheless stand out when compared with investments in social issues. The factorial analysis enabled us to reduce and group the practices studied into two factors, which we termed “environmental” and “social.” Key-words: Social and Environmental Practices. Brazilian footwear-exporting companies.

  14. Lifestyle factors, direct and indirect costs for a Brazilian airline company

    OpenAIRE

    Fabiana Maluf Rabacow; Olinda do Carmo Luiz; Ana Maria Malik; Alex Burdorf

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze lifestyle risk factors related to direct healthcare costs and the indirect costs due to sick leave among workers of an airline company in Brazil. METHODS In this longitudinal 12-month study of 2,201 employees of a Brazilian airline company, the costs of sick leave and healthcare were the primary outcomes of interest. Information on the independent variables, such as gender, age, educational level, type of work, stress, and lifestyle-related factors (body mass index, phy...

  15. The stochastic effects on the Brazilian Electrical Sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The size and characteristics of the Brazilian Electrical Sector (BES) are unique. The system includes a large-scale hydrothermal power system with many hydroelectric plants and multiple owners. Due to the historical harnessing of natural resources, the National Interconnected System (NIS) was developed outside of the economic scale of the BES. The central components of the NIS enable energy generated in any part of Brazil to be consumed in distant regions, considering certain technical configurations. This interconnection results in a large-scale complex system and is controlled by robust computational models, used to support the planning and operation of the NIS. This study presents a different vision of the SEB, demonstrating the intrinsic relationship between hydrological stochasticity and the activities executed by the system, which is an important sector of the infrastructure in Brazil. The simulation of energy scenarios is crucial to the optimal manner to operate the sector and to supporting decisions about whether expansion is necessary, thus, avoiding unnecessary costs and/or losses. These scenarios are an imposing factor in the determination of the spot cost of electrical energy, given that the simulated quantities of water in the reservoirs are one of the determinants for the short-term energy price. - Highlights: • The relationship between the hydrological regimes and the energy policy and planning in Brazil; • An overview about the stochastic effects on the Brazilian Electrical Sector; • The stochasticity associated with the Brazilian electrical planning; • The importance of hydro resources management for energy generation in Brazil;

  16. THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF THE SOFTWARE MARKET: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES FOR BRAZILIAN COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Roberto Burzynski

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the potential for internationalization of the Brazilian software industry from the perspective of software developers and service providers. The purpose of the study conducted was to better understand the way Brazilian software companies relate to the international software market by comparing the perceptions of entrepreneurs and those of government agency officials responsible for increasing Brazil's participation in the international software market. Data collection took place by means of semi-structured interviews with entrepreneurs and government agency officials. The data gathered was subjected to content analysis. Results show that Brazilian software companies perform poorly with regard to levels of exporting their products and services for a number of reasons, among which the most outstanding is that they still think that the internal market offers enough challenges and opportunities.

  17. Cleaner Production: A Growing Movement in Brazilian Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Oduvaldo Vendrametto; Nivaldo Palmeri Palmeri; Geraldo Cardoso de Oliveira Neto; Osvaldo D'Angelo Perreti

    2010-01-01

    Cleaner Production (CP) is gaining emphasis in both world and Brazilian production sectors. Nature’s warnings indicating the exhaustion of any capacity to absorb and regenerate waste, stricter legislation regarding pollution emitters, market competitiveness associated with environmental and social responsibility cause concerns and lead to actions to reduce aggressions against the environment. This paper shows evidence of this concern and presents cases in which a large automotive industry, ac...

  18. 77 FR 65419 - Virginia Electric and Power Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-26

    ... and Power Company AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Partial Director's Decision; issuance... Power Station, Units 1 and 2 (North Anna 1 and 2), by the Virginia Electric and Power Company (VEPCO or... August 23, 2011, Virginia Electric and Power Company (the licensee) should be required to obtain...

  19. 77 FR 26321 - Virginia Electric and Power Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-03

    ... Power Company AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Director's Decision; issuance. SUMMARY: The... Electric and Power Company (VEPCO or the licensee). The petition requested that the NRC: (1) Take escalated... be formally communicated to Virginia Electric and Power Company (VEPCO) in a written...

  20. Corporate governance and internationalization of capital of brazilian companies of the sectors construction and transports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Beatriz Grangeiro Ribeiro Maia

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The study aims at analyzing comparatively the representativeness of foreign capital in the capital of Brazilian companies of the sectors construction and transports, considering their segments on the BM&FBovespa. The internationalization of the 66 companies in the sample was measured by the percentage of the company's share capital held by foreign investors, and governance by the company's participation on the “Differentiated Level of Corporate Governance” (DLCG segments of BM&FBovespa. Using a descriptive and a quantitative study, the results of applying the Mann-Whitney test for the percentage of foreign capital in the capital of DLCG firms and of companies listed on the traditional market indicate that there is a difference statistically significant between the two groups of firms, confirming the hypothesis of this research. The conclusion is that governance is a sign of the internationalization of capital companies, confirming the efficiency of the administration based on the theory of transaction costs.

  1. TAX TREATMENT OF CARBON CREDIT OPERATIONS IN BRAZILIAN COMPANIES WITH CDM PROJECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanderlei dos Santos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim in this study is to identify the tax treatment applied to carbon credit operations in Brazilian companies that are developing projects in the context of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM. Therefore, an exploratory research with a qualitative approach was developed. Data were collected with the help of questionnaire, forwarded to all Brazilian companies with CDM projects that received approval from the Inter-Ministerial Commission on Global Climate Change (CIMGC without safeguards, according to the list of the Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology. Out of 117 companies listed, only five answered the research instrument, which represents an accessibility sample. The results show that, as for the tax treatment applied in the companies under analysis, IRPJ and CSLL should be charged on carbon credit operations. Regarding PIS, COFINS, ISS, some companies considered that these taxes are due and others that they are not. There is a consensus, though, about the fact that ICMS and IOF should not be charged. In conclusion, no uniform understanding exists as of yet about due taxes in the research sample, as no specific fiscal legislation exists yet on carbon credits in Brazil.

  2. The internationalization of Brazilian companies: developing managers as an essential business strategy factor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HILARIO DE MACEDO OLIVEIRA

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The globalization phenomenon has given rise to a new and virtually limitless dimension for companies to gain access to new markets beyond their country borders. This has proven to be an opportunity for growth and expansion. Given the transformations that this phenomenon has driven in the international business environment, one is struck by the fact that the presence of Brazilian companies abroad is still low, as Brazilian business is continues to be shy of expanding via internationalization. One concludes that the leaders of Brazilian firms are better prepared to operate in the domestic market and with processes and businesses that focus on exports; few executives are required to run operations abroad. However, the reality of internationalization calls for a new type of manager, the “global executive,” who is expected to be cosmopolitan, a negotiator and a cross-culture communicator that is able to generate synergy and lead changes. Brazilian companies that want to grow beyond cultural and ethnic frontiers are facing the challenge of forming theses “citizens of the world,” capable not only of making room in the international market, but also of leading the processes of transformation and change within corporate environments. The aim of this article is to discuss how to develop people for the strategic management of internationalization processes, as well as to identify current gaps and to provide recommendations both for the development of the competences that a global mindset requires among our managers, and for the management of the international mobility of Brazilian executives.Key words: Company internationalization. Expatriation. People management. Leadership.

  3. Relationships between R & D, patents and export actively innovative Brazilian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Micheline Gaia Hoffmann

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the outcome of quantitative research that examines the relationship between R&D (expenditures, personnel training and practices of external collaboration, patent generation and exporting in Brazilian companies which are identified as innovative. The research tested 07 hypotheses for the relationship between variables, using data collected from the companies that participated in the FINEP Prize for Innovation 2010. The sample is non-probabilistic and counted on 471 companies, distributed over 18 sectors and 5 regions of Brazil. The results show that there is a relationship between the investments in R&D, the number of patents generated and the capacity of exporting in the researched companies. The research also shows that there is a weak relationship between R&D expenditures and patents, as well as between partnership with universities and patents. In addition, in the researched companies, the more training the personnel working on R&D receive, the more patents that are generated.

  4. Reserve price: Lessons learned from Brazilian electricity procurement auctions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Auctions have been used in several formats in the electric energy industry. In general, regulators may be uncomfortable initiating a reverse auction at a higher-than-expected final price, fearing that participants may sell their energy at an excess profitability. Nevertheless, evidence from electricity procurement auctions conducted in Brazil supports the findings that these types of auctions have the opposite effect. By attracting a larger number of agents, these auctions can trigger stronger competition and lead to lower settlement pricing. Accordingly, the Brazilian cases examined in this article present significant evidence to support this directional theory. In fact, there are some cases of electricity procurement auctions that show that inadequate auction reserve pricing leads to inefficient outcomes and may also cause the auction to fail. On the other hand, auctions with adequate price caps have led to lower final clearing prices, thus contributing to reasonable final energy pricing. - Highlights: • Outcomes from Brazilian electricity procurement auctions were analyzed. • Cases of success and frustration after adopting (in)adequate reserve prices. • Setting different price caps per source is inefficient. • Higher-than-normal price cap is more effective than fine-tuning reserve prices

  5. Work for sustainability: Case studies of Brazilian companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolis, Ivan; Brunoro, Claudio M; Sznelwar, Laerte I

    2016-11-01

    The introduction of strategic corporate sustainability policies is expected to result in the improvement of several issues in companies. One of these issues is work, which should involve greater well-being for workers. Within the context of production engineering, this research connects sustainability and work-related issues, the latter seen in light of the discipline of ergonomics. Based on case studies conducted at four companies considered sustainability benchmarks, we examined how the introduction of the theme of sustainability has influenced work-related issues. The elements analyzed here were the corporate sustainability strategy, organizational practices for deploying the strategy, and the work design phase. The last element is the moment in which work is prescribed in the organization. The results show that, despite the announcement of the inclusion of changes in work, there is not any explicit evidence confirming that such changes are considered as a requirement for corporate sustainability projects. PMID:26477892

  6. Work for sustainability: Case studies of Brazilian companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolis, Ivan; Brunoro, Claudio M; Sznelwar, Laerte I

    2016-11-01

    The introduction of strategic corporate sustainability policies is expected to result in the improvement of several issues in companies. One of these issues is work, which should involve greater well-being for workers. Within the context of production engineering, this research connects sustainability and work-related issues, the latter seen in light of the discipline of ergonomics. Based on case studies conducted at four companies considered sustainability benchmarks, we examined how the introduction of the theme of sustainability has influenced work-related issues. The elements analyzed here were the corporate sustainability strategy, organizational practices for deploying the strategy, and the work design phase. The last element is the moment in which work is prescribed in the organization. The results show that, despite the announcement of the inclusion of changes in work, there is not any explicit evidence confirming that such changes are considered as a requirement for corporate sustainability projects.

  7. The Role of Home Country Political Resources for Brazilian Multinational Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Regina Vieira Bazuchi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to analyze the interactions between home country governments and Developing Country Multinational Companies (DMNCs. Drawing on evidence from the Brazilian political environment and Brazilian multinationals we investigate the mechanisms governments use to influence the internationalization process of domestic companies and firms’ political strategic responses to shape the political institutional environment in which they operate. We argue that foreign direct investment (FDI outflows from developing economies need to be explored given specific country level contextual factors, such as high levels of government involvement. Our main findings support this idea and indicate that home country governments use a series of formal and informal mechanisms in order to drive the international expansion of DMNCs in both the entry and consolidation phases. Moreover, DMNCs political behavior in the home country political environment accounts for an important part of their strategy to develop political resources and obtain above average returns from governmental benefits.

  8. THE DIMENSIONS OF IT PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT (ITPM: AN ANALYSIS INVOLVING IT MANAGERS IN BRAZILIAN COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pietro Cunha Dolci

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to explore and validate the dimensions of IT Portfolio Management (ITPM in Brazilian companies, based on three different models. Five case studies were carried out in Brazilian companies that invest more than nine million reals per year in IT. Eight top IT executives from those organizations who had knowledge of the dimensions of ITPM were interviewed. Items were modified and new items included within the dimensions, while examples of equipment or systems applicable to each of the four dimensions were also identified. Research that helps managers to better understand and structure their IT investments by using the dimensions of ITPM is important to assist in the management of such resources. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. The authors wish to thank CNPq and CAPES for their financial support during the development of this research.

  9. PETROBRAS, an energy company and the Brazilian biofuel program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torres, Fernando; Diehl Filho, Rubin P.; Fernandes Valle, Luiz Alberto

    2010-09-15

    Ever since the launches of Proalcool (ETHANOL PROGRAM) and PNPB (BIODIESEL PROGRAM), PETROBRAS (as an energy company) has been actively participating in these national projects and investing in tankage collection and storage, shipment and marine terminals, distribution infrastructure, biodiesel and ethanol plants and second-generation biofuels. It has also been the pioneer in offering these products at its service stations to final consumers. PETROBRAS in its 2008-2012 Business Plan intends to invest US$ 1.5 billion in biofuel business and act globally in biofuel commercialization and logistics, leading national biodiesel production and expanding its presence in the ethanol business.

  10. 75 FR 18201 - Wisconsin Electric Power Company; Notice of Filing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Wisconsin Electric Power Company; Notice of Filing April 2, 2010. Take notice that on March 26, 2010, Wisconsin Electric Power Company filed counterpart signature pages to...

  11. DETERMINANTS OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE IN BRAZILIAN COMPANIES: A MULTI-RATIO MODEL USING MULTIVARIATE STATISTICAL METHOD

    OpenAIRE

    Prof. Dr. Hong Yuh Ching; Prof. Dr. Fábio Gerab

    2012-01-01

    The objectives of this research are twofold: a) identify the factors and correlated indicators that impact corporate financial performance; b) determine the indicators that most affect profitability of Brazilian cyclical consumer goods industry. Two motivations for this study were the lack of academic research in this industry and its importance in the economy. Sixteen companies with current asset greater than 50% of total asset, for the period 2005-2009, were selected. Principal Component An...

  12. The Payout Decision-Making Process of Brazilian Listed Companies: A CFO Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Frota Decourt

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present the results of a survey with Brazilian listed companies CFOs` trying to identify how these companies determine and manage their payout policy. It was identified that the final decision about dividends is taken by the board of directors, taking into consideration a management proposal sent to them before. Main factors analyzed are net profit and cash generation during immediate previous period. The managers mainly consider interest on own capital (JSCP and dividends as instruments for payout policy. They believe that share repurchase is advantageous to shareholders; however, it is viewed more as an investment decision by the company than a dividend policy. The interest on own capital is broadly used because it provides a fiscal benefit to the company. It seems that management compensation policy affects dividends payout. This suggests an agency conflict between managers and shareholders.

  13. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN THE INTEGRATED REPORTING FRAMEWORK: DISCLOSURE OF BRAZILIAN COMPANIES PARTICIPANTS IN THE PILOT PROJECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Silva Abreu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes how Brazilian companies adhered the IIRC’s framework for integrated reporting, regarding the content element of corporate governance. The 2013 annual reporting of each company were analyzed consonants to the IIRC's framework using qualitative analysis. Categories were created for adherence of information provided by companies and applied content analysis for this purpose. Results suggest that the framework, although not being adopted integrally by the companies, was used as guide for their disclosure practices. Among other observed results for each of framework topics, BRF S.A, CPFL Energia and Itaú Unibanco disclosure practices featured as examples of adherence for the IIRC model and the inherent principles integrated in the report.

  14. Lifestyle factors, direct and indirect costs for a Brazilian airline company

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabacow, Fabiana Maluf; Luiz, Olinda do Carmo; Malik, Ana Maria; Burdorf, Alex

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze lifestyle risk factors related to direct healthcare costs and the indirect costs due to sick leave among workers of an airline company in Brazil. METHODS In this longitudinal 12-month study of 2,201 employees of a Brazilian airline company, the costs of sick leave and healthcare were the primary outcomes of interest. Information on the independent variables, such as gender, age, educational level, type of work, stress, and lifestyle-related factors (body mass index, physical activity, and smoking), was collected using a questionnaire on enrolment in the study. Data on sick leave days were available from the company register, and data on healthcare costs were obtained from insurance records. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to investigate the association between direct and indirect healthcare costs with sociodemographic, work, and lifestyle-related factors. RESULTS Over the 12-month study period, the average direct healthcare expenditure per worker was US$505.00 and the average indirect cost because of sick leave was US$249.00 per worker. Direct costs were more than twice the indirect costs and both were higher in women. Body mass index was a determinant of direct costs and smoking was a determinant of indirect costs. CONCLUSIONS Obesity and smoking among workers in a Brazilian airline company were associated with increased health costs. Therefore, promoting a healthy diet, physical activity, and anti-tobacco campaigns are important targets for health promotion in this study population. PMID:26039398

  15. Lifestyle factors, direct and indirect costs for a Brazilian airline company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabacow, Fabiana Maluf; Luiz, Olinda do Carmo; Malik, Ana Maria; Burdorf, Alex

    2014-12-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze lifestyle risk factors related to direct healthcare costs and the indirect costs due to sick leave among workers of an airline company in Brazil. METHODS In this longitudinal 12-month study of 2,201 employees of a Brazilian airline company, the costs of sick leave and healthcare were the primary outcomes of interest. Information on the independent variables, such as gender, age, educational level, type of work, stress, and lifestyle-related factors (body mass index, physical activity, and smoking), was collected using a questionnaire on enrolment in the study. Data on sick leave days were available from the company register, and data on healthcare costs were obtained from insurance records. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to investigate the association between direct and indirect healthcare costs with sociodemographic, work, and lifestyle-related factors. RESULTS Over the 12-month study period, the average direct healthcare expenditure per worker was US$505.00 and the average indirect cost because of sick leave was US$249.00 per worker. Direct costs were more than twice the indirect costs and both were higher in women. Body mass index was a determinant of direct costs and smoking was a determinant of indirect costs. CONCLUSIONS Obesity and smoking among workers in a Brazilian airline company were associated with increased health costs. Therefore, promoting a healthy diet, physical activity, and anti-tobacco campaigns are important targets for health promotion in this study population.

  16. Lifestyle factors, direct and indirect costs for a Brazilian airline company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Maluf Rabacow

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE To analyze lifestyle risk factors related to direct healthcare costs and the indirect costs due to sick leave among workers of an airline company in Brazil. METHODS In this longitudinal 12-month study of 2,201 employees of a Brazilian airline company, the costs of sick leave and healthcare were the primary outcomes of interest. Information on the independent variables, such as gender, age, educational level, type of work, stress, and lifestyle-related factors (body mass index, physical activity, and smoking, was collected using a questionnaire on enrolment in the study. Data on sick leave days were available from the company register, and data on healthcare costs were obtained from insurance records. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to investigate the association between direct and indirect healthcare costs with sociodemographic, work, and lifestyle-related factors. RESULTS Over the 12-month study period, the average direct healthcare expenditure per worker was US$505.00 and the average indirect cost because of sick leave was US$249.00 per worker. Direct costs were more than twice the indirect costs and both were higher in women. Body mass index was a determinant of direct costs and smoking was a determinant of indirect costs. CONCLUSIONS Obesity and smoking among workers in a Brazilian airline company were associated with increased health costs. Therefore, promoting a healthy diet, physical activity, and anti-tobacco campaigns are important targets for health promotion in this study population.

  17. Lifestyle factors, direct and indirect costs for a Brazilian airline company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabacow, Fabiana Maluf; Luiz, Olinda do Carmo; Malik, Ana Maria; Burdorf, Alex

    2014-12-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze lifestyle risk factors related to direct healthcare costs and the indirect costs due to sick leave among workers of an airline company in Brazil. METHODS In this longitudinal 12-month study of 2,201 employees of a Brazilian airline company, the costs of sick leave and healthcare were the primary outcomes of interest. Information on the independent variables, such as gender, age, educational level, type of work, stress, and lifestyle-related factors (body mass index, physical activity, and smoking), was collected using a questionnaire on enrolment in the study. Data on sick leave days were available from the company register, and data on healthcare costs were obtained from insurance records. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to investigate the association between direct and indirect healthcare costs with sociodemographic, work, and lifestyle-related factors. RESULTS Over the 12-month study period, the average direct healthcare expenditure per worker was US$505.00 and the average indirect cost because of sick leave was US$249.00 per worker. Direct costs were more than twice the indirect costs and both were higher in women. Body mass index was a determinant of direct costs and smoking was a determinant of indirect costs. CONCLUSIONS Obesity and smoking among workers in a Brazilian airline company were associated with increased health costs. Therefore, promoting a healthy diet, physical activity, and anti-tobacco campaigns are important targets for health promotion in this study population. PMID:26039398

  18. The World Financial Crisis and the International Financing of Brazilian Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andre Carvalhal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The world financial crisis initiated in 2008 may have affected the international financing mix of firms in Brazil and their determinants, given its aftereffects. Financial crisis are recurrent events with varying degrees of severity. Many public Brazilian firms use international financing in their capital structure mix and it is relevant to understand their behavior during international crises. Thus, our goal was to investigate the foreign financing mixes of Brazilian listed companies before (2004 and during the 2008 world financial crisis by means of descriptive and probit regression analyses of their components and determinants at the end of these years. Brazilian companies usage of Eurobonds fluctuates with the value of the real (R$ and is still small considering the size of Brazil’s economy. Short-term financing and bank loans, domestic and foreign, decreased in 2008 and were replaced by domestic and international bonds and American Depository Receipts (ADRs. Firms with foreign shareholders more often resorted to foreign capital markets and their presence became a more important determinant in 2008, while the other determinants did not change. Firms that employ international debt tend to use all other sources of financing more often. International bank loans may be the first step to reduce international financing constraints.

  19. INTERNATIONALIZATION STRATEGIES OF EMERGING COMPANIES: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF BRAZILIAN CASES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaína Maria Bueno

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Over the last decade, interest has picked up as to emerging economies and their companies. This recent movement does not imply that previous theories and models are no longer applicable, however, one must analyze, in a broader comprehensive manner, a series of specific context factors and those concerning the management of this kind of company. Therefore, this paper analyzed the internationalization strategies adopted by six Brazilian companies before a set of internationalization models. A qualitative research approach was employed and in-depth interviews were conducted with corporate management level professionals. Companies were divided into three groups according to internationalization times (Group I – over ten years, Group II - between five and ten years, and Group III – under five years. Observations indicated that for Groups I and III companies the product lifecycle (Vernon, 1966 and 1979 and the eclectic paradigm (Dunning, 1980, 1988 and 2000 economic models support justifying internationalization motivations for companies’ internalization whilst the Uppsala model (Johanson and VAHLNE, 1979, 2009, at least in part explains, choice decisions concerning a few countries. As to Group II companies, the product lifecycle model is not the underlying motivation for internationalization, choices being more closely related to sector opportunities and the characteristics of both products and services.

  20. An analysis of the deinstitutionalization of inflation-adjusted accounting practices in Brazilian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amaury José Rezende

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the deinstitutionalization of the inflation-adjustment accounting practices used by large Brazilian companies. The theoretical assumptions used were based on institutional theory, which provides a sociological interpretation of human behavior that recognizes the phenomenon of limited rationality and the political character of social action. Analyses were based on the empirical approach that was proposed by Oliver (1992. The research strategy consisted of questionnaires and interviews conducted in a population of 118 large Brazilian companies from Exame Magazine's list of the 500 largest companies. The primary respondents were accountants and controllers. Factor analysis, one-way ANOVA and the Kruskal-Wallis test were conducted using the approach proposed by Oliver (1992, and the research included 22 variables comprising 12 constructs and 6 qualitative hypotheses regarding the pressures that motivate the deinstitutionalization of inflation-adjusted accounting practices. Therefore, with regard to the constructs assessed, emphasis was placed on identifying the political pressures (the environment and the functional pressures in both the organizational and environmental dimensions. However, the social pressures did not prove to be significant. We conclude that the process of deinstitutionalization results from a distinct combination of institutional factors, and these results are consistent with the findings from research conducted in the US market and in the UK.

  1. COMPARATIVE EVIDENCE ABOUT KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER BETWEEN BRAZILIAN AND FOREIGN FRANCHISE COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Stival Morgado

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to compare the process of transferring knowledge in franchising between Brazilian and international companies operating in Brazil. Franchising has shown an important phenomenon in many countries, with considerable evidence of growing globally. It is a new type of business organization as an object of academic research field offering great reviews, but also limitations as references and studies of depth of field. The traditional literature in management emphasis on franchising, in large part to its importance as a way to circumvent resource constraints, as their characteristics and definition of business practices among its different parts. The transfer of knowledge in franchising is still a gap especially among companies in different countries. In addition, we adopted a methodology that this study followed a qualitative research with in-depth interviews of franchisees. The results show that Brazilian firms oriented transfer of knowledge in franchising for more lawsuits based on tacit knowledge, thus using more informal and less number of transfer mechanisms in these processes. International companies operating in Brazil for franchising rely on formal processes with periodic meetings, training and technological resources, and therefore have a greater control over the process of transferring knowledge to the franchised units. Thus, this study seeks to help we better understand franchising, development processes and their expansion in emerging markets like Brazil.

  2. 78 FR 44899 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-25

    ... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the extent... Company Turbofan Engines AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed... Electric Company (GE) GE90-110B1 and -115B turbofan engines. This proposed AD was prompted by...

  3. Evaluation of the Effect of Environmental Management Strategies on the Financial Performance of Brazilian Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Aguiar De Araújo

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Since the last decades of the 20th century, companies have been pressured by new demands of society in order to present more conscious and sustainable behaviors. Adapting to this new paradigm, many of the medium and large companies have directed their strategies and actions to social and environmental aspects. Environmental management figures as an indispensable tool to guide such actions. The purpose of this article is to understand the environmental practices of Brazilian companies and to analyze if these practices influence their financial performance. Data were collected from Análise Gestão Ambiental magazine about the environmental initiatives of enterprises as well as from financial indicators (Exame magazine, BOVESPA, and official financial statements of the companies. Data were statistically analyzed using SPSS 17.0 software. Initially a TwoStep cluster analysis was used in order to identify groups of firms practicing distinct environmental strategies. Then, the financial indicators of companies clusters found were analyzed by means of ANOVA and MANOVA statistical tools to check for differences between the financial performances of these clusters. The results of this analysis of a sample of 142 firms suggest that environmental management practices can be classified into two distinct categories - reactive and proactive - but no significant differences between the financial performances of these clusters were found.

  4. Exploratory study regarding how cultural perspectives can influence the perceptions of project success in Brazilian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Adelino Ramos

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Due to globalization and dynamic business environment, teams in companies are multicultural; as a result, culture may become an important aspect to be considered. The majority of articles regarding projects include factors of success and failure, but only a few embrace cultural perspectives. To provide more insight into the effects of cultural perspectives, this paper presents findings from an exploratory study that investigated how Brazilian information technology companies perceive project success and failure, and then makes inferences regarding the cultural factors. Interviews and questionnaires were applied, and the results provide insights for understanding how cultural factors may influence the project success perceptions. As the primary results, contributions regarding cultural perceptions are offered and related to different dimensions with a view to exploring the cultural aspects as determinant factors of success in a project management environment.

  5. IT MANAGEMENT DESIGN AT THE TOP 100 BRAZILIAN COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO THEIR CIOs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonel Cezar Rodrigues

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to identify the design of IT management atn the top 100 Brazilian companies. The research method was a quantitative approach, using the descriptive-statistical method to describe the data collected through a questionnaire with 77 questions, based on the rationale of the IT management, proposed by Lutchen (2003. The main results indicate that: a IT aligns with the basic processes of business, although not fully synchronized; b IT management adheres to conformity systems (ITIL, COBIT, but does not show optimization of business processes; c IT delivers the basic demands, but does not impose or use the best automated practices; and d IT quality is based on documented processes, but lacks indicators to control and orient business improvement. One may infer that IT management, at the top 100 Brazilian companies is essentially based on standard IT conformity systems, under the rationale of solution providers, and not as a business innovator or rule breaker. Thus, in spite of aligning and responding to business basic demand, IT management still does not show clear signs of alignment with the evolving nature of business models, needed to sustain business performance.

  6. IT MANAGEMENT DESIGN AT THE TOP 100 BRAZILIAN COMPANIES, ACCORDING TO THEIR CIOs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonel Cezar Rodrigues

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to identify the design of IT management atn the top 100 Brazilian companies. The research method was a quantitative approach, using the descriptive-statistical method to describe the data collected through a questionnaire with 77 questions, based on the rationale of the IT management, proposed by Lutchen (2003. The main results indicate that: a IT aligns with the basic processes of business, although not fully synchronized; b IT management adheres to conformity systems (ITIL, COBIT, but does not show optimization of business processes; c IT delivers the basic demands, but does not impose or use the best automated practices; and d IT quality is based on documented processes, but lacks indicators to control and orient business improvement. One may infer that IT management, at the top 100 Brazilian companies is essentially based on standard IT conformity systems, under the rationale of solution providers, and not as a business innovator or rule breaker. Thus, in spite of aligning and responding to business basic demand, IT management still does not show clear signs of alignment with the evolving nature of business models, needed to sustain business performance.

  7. THEORETICAL ESSAY ABOUT THE RELATION BETWEEN FINANCIAL LEVERAGE AND INVESTMENT IN BRAZILIAN COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Midori Kuroda

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The quest for understanding the relationship between the capital structure and investment decisions resulted in many different authors contribution. In the Brazilian economic scenario, an empirical study performed by Albuquerque and Matias (2013 identified the existence of a strong negative relation between finance leverage and investment in Brazilian public companies. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the theory of finance supports these empirical findings or if there is a discrepancy between the practical behavior and the theoretical rules. To this end, it was performed a bibliographic research of scientific works related with this theme, among them Carneiro, Salles and Wu (2006, Hadlock and Pierce (2010 and Dang (2011. The methodology of this research can be classified as exploratory, according to its purpose, qualitative in terms of approach and bibliographical considering its technical procedures. All the developed analysis led to the formulation of six theoretical propositions that support the relation between financial leverage and investment. The negative and positive effects of debt were considered according to growth opportunities, the supply of credit in the Brazilian context, the raising of risk and cost of capital and the allocation of resources obtained through external funding. Briefly, it can be concluded that these six theoretical propositions could serve as the fundamentals of the relation in question, two being based on the under-investment and overinvestment theories and the other four, on the Brazilian financial market aspects. All of them must be considered in the decision making of a financial manager, especially the related with the financing options.

  8. MEASURES OF EFFICIENCY AND INVESTMENTS RETURN: AN STUDY OF BRAZILIAN ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTORS WITH DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS, MALMQUIST INDEX AND ROI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valter Saurin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to determine, in a group of companies from the Brazilian electric sector, if there is a relationship between the return on investment (ROI and the concept of efficiency estimated by the method Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA, as well as evaluating the growth of productivity based on Malmquist Index (Fare et al, 1996. The hypothesis is that firms that had return on investment higher during certain period of time are those employed their resources efficiently in getting their outputs (DEA efficient. The input (1 Products (5 DEA model correspond to the operating cost (I, the network length (km, the number of consumers and the market billed high, medium and low voltage, respectively. The sample consisted of 31 companies of Brazilian electricity distribution and timing of the study was from 2007 to 2009. We calculated the Malmquist index (M0, represented by the change in total factor productivity (TFPC, which is composed by the evolution of technical efficiency (EC and the change in the technological frontier (TC of the companies were also determined ROI for each period. We calculated the correlation between the TFPC, TC, EC, score the DEA and the ROI for the period 2007 to 2009. The results showed a positive correlation, although weak, between efficiency change and the indexes mentioned above, rejecting the initial hypothesis

  9. Ownership structure and economic and socio-environmental disclosure in the largest Brazilian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Aquino Almeida

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The disclosure of sustainable practices has become important in the search for competitive advantage, so as to meet the expectations of the various stakeholders. Thus, the study aims to investigate the relationship between the ownership structure and the economic and environmental voluntary disclosure in the largest Brazilian companies, analyzing ownership concentration and the identity of the controlling shareholder. For the analysis, we considered the economic, social and environmental perspectives, addressed both individually and jointly. The sample consists of 47 companies from the 100 largest public companies listed on BM&FBOVESPA, according to the magazine Exame Biggest and Best, edition 2013. The research is descriptive and quantitative, using Multiple Linear Regression for statistical analysis. The descriptive analysis of the prospects of (economic, social, environmental and sustainability disclosure showed lower average disclosure for the environmental aspect. The state control organizations stood out with the highest average in three of the four levels of disclosure: economic, social and sustainability. As regards the application of statistical analysis, the regression models were not statistically significant, indicating that, for the companies in the sample, the ownership structure does not influence the economic and socio-environmental disclosure.

  10. 2015 Plan. Project 2: the electric power sector and the Brazilian economy: insertion and forecasts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project shows the economic and the energetic view of the Brazilian electric power sector, mentioning the actual conjuncture; the economy evolution; some sector forecasts; demographical aspects; international price of petroleum and National Energetic Matrix. (C.G.C.)

  11. Explaining the inefficiency of electrical distribution companies. Peruvian firms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez-Reyes, Raul [Organismo Supervisor de la Inversion en Energia y Mineria, OSINERGMIN (Peru); Tovar, Beatriz [Infrastructure and Transport Research Group (EIT), Department of Applied Economics, University of Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain)

    2010-09-15

    This paper investigates the extent to which the structural reform of the Peruvian electricity market, implemented in the 1990s, has improved the efficiency of the distribution companies; and it evaluates the influence on efficiency of firm specific explanatory variables. To do this, we rely on data from 14 distribution companies between 1996 and 2006. The results indicate that the incentives generated by the reform process led to the firms becoming more efficient. Moreover, the time trend and private management of the distribution companies are variables that positively affect the levels of efficiency, whereas the lower network densities are then the greater the inefficiency. (author)

  12. Analysis of the evolution of after sales and post-consumption reverse logistics actions by the brazilian electricity sector in 2009 to 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Oliveira Sousa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes the evolution of of post-consumer reverse logistics actions by the Brazilian electric power sector in 2009 to 2011. The approach includes literature review, exploratory, descriptive, quantitative and qualitative research. In this study, a sample of 15 companies in the Brazilian energy sector were selected, based on content analysis of sustainability reports extracted from the company websites in 2009 to 2011. After collecting the data, 48 indicators were analyzed in the reports. Based on the scores, a comparative analysis between levels of disclosure of reverse logistics was performed. The 15 companies analyzed revealed the presence of reverse logistics actions in 2011, showing an overall result in the course of three years. Among the sectors presented, distribution achieved greater prominence in 2011, with an increase in the presence of post-consumption indicators, showing a great result.

  13. Environmental Discourses in Organizations: the Case of a Brazilian Mobile Telecommunications Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre de Pádua Carrieri

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the discourse configurations on the environmental theme in business organizations and its relevance to the understanding of the inclusion of ecological discourses in the discourses of organizational members. A case study into a Brazilian telecommunications company offers empirical evidence. It begins with the understanding that organizations adopt several strategies in an attempt to disseminate a certain environmental discourse. As these efforts share space with other pressures, a fragmented discourse emerges. In this paper, the pressures of the environmental theme on organizations are discussed in order to understand this process. The second part of the argument focuses on the context of the case study – Brazilian organizations – and, afterwards, the third part deals with ecological discourses in their insertions in organizational interests. The data of the case study were collected through documental research and 40 semi-structured interviews. The analysis was applied based on Discourse Analysis. In conclusion, an ambiguous discourse configuration was shown that offer elements for the understanding that philanthropy, legal obligation and organizational competitiveness need to be used together to offer legitimacy to the theme of environmental responsibility in business organizations.

  14. Cost-benefit analysis of a socio-technical intervention in a Brazilian footwear company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guimarães, L B de M; Ribeiro, J L D; Renner, J S

    2012-09-01

    This article presents a costs-benefits analysis of a macroergonomic intervention in a Brazilian footwear company. Comparing results of a pilot line (composed by 100 multiskilled workers organized in teams) with eight traditional lines (still working in a one human being/one task model) the intervention showed to be worth pursuing since achieved gains were higher than intervention costs: there was a reduction in human resource costs (80% reduction in industrial accidents, 100% reduction in work-related musculoskeletal disorders or WMSD, medical consultations and turnover, and a 45.65% reduction in absenteeism) and production improvement (productivity increased in 3% and production waste decrease to less than 1%). The net intervention value of the intervention was around U$ 430,000 with a benefit-to-cost ratio of 7.2. Moreover, employees who worked in the pilot line understood that their quality of work life improved, compensating the anxiety brought up by the radical changes implemented. PMID:22464605

  15. Natural-gas-powered thermoelectricity as a reliability factor in the Brazilian electric sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The introduction of natural-gas-powered thermoelectricity into the Brazilian generation sector can be considered as a very complex energy, economic, regulatory and institutional revision. Brazil is a country with very specific characteristics in electricity generation, as approximately 80% of the generating capacity is based on hydroelectricity, showing strong dependency on rain and management of water reservoirs. A low rate of investment in the Brazilian Electricity Industry in the period of 1995-2000, associated with periods of low rainfall, led to a dramatic lowering of the water stocks in the reservoirs. With this scenario and the growing supply of natural gas, both from within Brazil and imported, natural gas thermal electric plants became a good option to diversify the electrical supply system. In spite of the Brazilian Government's efforts to install such plants, the country was faced with severe electricity rationing in 2001. The objective of this work is to show the need to continue with the implementation of natural gas thermal electricity projects, in a manner that allows flexibility and guarantees greater working reliability for the entire Brazilian electricity sector. Taking into account the world trend towards renewable energy, the perspectives of usage of biofuels in the Brazilian Energy Matrix and in electrical energy generation are also analyzed. The very issue of electrical power efficiency in Brazil and its challenges and strategic proposals from the standpoint of Government Programs and results provided so far are presented. The technological constraints in order to put on stream the thermal electric plants are also analyzed. The article concludes with a positive perspective of the usage of natural gas as to be the third pillar in the Brazilian Energy Matrix for the years to come

  16. 78 FR 76045 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-16

    ... ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not... Company Turbofan Engines AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule; request for comments. SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for General Electric...

  17. The development strategies of the european electric power companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study takes stock on the european market of the electric power and of its development perspectives. It details the strategy and the place of the main operators and shows their forces and weaknesses. It provides a comparison of the financial performances of 28 companies (growth, margins, profitability, debt and war chest). (A.L.B.)

  18. 76 FR 61687 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-05

    ... Commission's (Commission) regulations, 18 CFR part 380 (Order No. 486, 52 FR 47897), the Office of Energy... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Pacific Gas and Electric Company Notice of Availability of...

  19. Team Building. Baldor Electric Company. [Facilitator Guide and Participant Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saint Louis Community Coll., MO. Workplace Literacy Services Center.

    This document contains the facilitator and participant guides for a course in team building that was developed by a community college for a St. Louis (Missouri) electric company. The facilitator's guide contains the transparency masters, outlines, learning activities, questionnaires, and other handouts required for two course sessions. The first…

  20. 78 FR 72552 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-03

    ...: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain General Electric Company model GEnx... consumed more cyclic life than they would have in revenue flight cycles. These parts were then installed into engines and introduced into revenue service without adjustment to remaining cyclic life. This...

  1. 78 FR 47235 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ... Electric Company (GE) model GEnx-2B67 and GEnx-2B67B turbofan engines. This proposed AD was prompted by the... in Boeing 747-8 flight tests had consumed more cyclic life than they would have in revenue flight cycles. These parts were then installed into engines and introduced into revenue service...

  2. Innovation Networks: the Contribution of Partnerships to Innovative Performance of Firms in the Brazilian Electrical-Electronics Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvye Ane Massaini

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Innovation networks have been identified in the literature as a way to complement firms’ innovative capabilities through collaboration with other partners. To provide empirical evidence for this assertion, this paper investigates the contribution of partners established in innovation networks for innovative performance of firms in the Brazilian electricalelectronics industry. For this purpose, we carried out an exploratory and descriptive survey among 185 companies. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM. As the main findings, we observed that the establishment of collaborative relationships with customers, competitors and universities/research institutions can contribute to organizational and process innovation. However, despite obtaining some significant results concerning the contribution of different partners in the network, electrical-electronics industry companies also attach great importance to internal activities to develop their innovations.

  3. Return on capital of Brazilian electricity distributors: A comparative analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper analyzes the electricity distribution segment in Brazil from 1998 to 2005-after the conclusion of privatization process-trying to assess whether the return on capital invested was in line with the risk required in the segment. It concludes that the return on equity in Brazil was systematically negative until 2003. Only in 2005 did the distribution segment really begin to recover, showing profitability consistent with the estimated cost of equity. Comparisons with Argentine, Chilean and American companies reveal that firms in the latter two countries, generally managed to reward shareholders according to the opportunity cost of capital. Estimates are that to sustain annual growth of roughly 3.7% for the next decade, the entire electricity sector will demand US$ 7 billion in capital expenditures a year for the next decade, 67% for generation, 16% for transmission and 17% for distribution. In order to stimulate private capital investment, it is fundamental for the regulator, in the tariff revision processes, to consistently assure a rate of return on capital in line with the segment's real opportunity cost and therefore maintain the health of all the three segments without the burden of subsidies

  4. Evaluating perceived quality of CELPE service: A Brazilian power company case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paes de Barros Filho, Joao [Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Center of Technology and Geosciences, 5th floor, Academico Helio Ramos av., Cidade Universitaria, Recife, PE 50.670-901 (Brazil)], E-mail: joaopaes@celpe.com.br; Fritsch Damasio da Silva, Cleriston [Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Center of Technology and Geosciences, 5th floor, Academico Helio Ramos av., Cidade Universitaria, Recife, PE 50.670-901 (Brazil)], E-mail: cleriston_silva@yahoo.com.br; Nascimento Melo, Maria Auxiliadora do [Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Center of Technology and Geosciences, 5th floor, Academico Helio Ramos av., Cidade Universitaria, Recife, PE 50.670-901 (Brazil)], E-mail: manmelo@ufpe.br; Dumke de Medeiros, Denise [Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Center of Technology and Geosciences, 5th floor, Academico Helio Ramos av., Cidade Universitaria, Recife, PE 50.670-901 (Brazil)], E-mail: ddm@ufpe.br

    2009-04-15

    This paper presents an application of a methodology for the diagnosis and analysis of the service quality perceived by a Particular Group of CELPE Corporate Customers, a Brazilian power company at Pernambuco State. Concepts, on the power sector, of Quality in Services, Performance Objectives and Critical Factors of Success have been used to develop the analysis. Next, the Critical Factors for a power company were determined and classified in accordance with the performance objectives: Quality, Dependability, Speed and Flexibility. From the factors established, a questionnaire was created to collect data. The case studied involves quantitative research on CELPE's private corporate principal customers using statistical tests to measure internal consistency reliability of the questionnaire scales and to identify underlying concepts, in the four groups analyzed, through which the private corporate customers perceive quality in the given services. Among the goals of this study are to improve the relationship with principal Private Corporate Clients, to create customer loyalty, and to maximize efforts in providing the power supply service, all of them with a view to improving and determining the Global Satisfaction Index.

  5. IMPLICATIONS OF ECONOMIC CRISES ON THE VALUE RELEVANCE OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION IN BRAZILIAN COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Moraes da Costa

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This papers investigates the impact of financial crises occurred in Brazil (1997-1999, 2002 and 2007-2008 on the value relevance of book value and earnings. The final sample comprised 1,904 observations from Brazilian listed companies, from 1997 till 2010. It is an empirical study based on panel data regression. To answer the research question, a dummy was applied for each year of negative macroeconomic shocks and how they affected the relation between market prices and accounting variables. Empirical evidence indicates that financial crises affected the value relevance of book value positively and the value relevance of earnings negatively, similarly to other countries like Thailand and Mexico. Therefore, macroeconomic factors should be taken into consideration when analyzing how accounting information captures the underlying characteristics of a firm. Future research could consider companies from other countries in Latin America and evaluate if the effects are similar or not. This is important because macroeconomic policies implemented to mitigate the effects of a crisis could lead to different impacts on the relevance of accounting information.

  6. Evaluating perceived quality of CELPE service: A Brazilian power company case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents an application of a methodology for the diagnosis and analysis of the service quality perceived by a Particular Group of CELPE Corporate Customers, a Brazilian power company at Pernambuco State. Concepts, on the power sector, of Quality in Services, Performance Objectives and Critical Factors of Success have been used to develop the analysis. Next, the Critical Factors for a power company were determined and classified in accordance with the performance objectives: Quality, Dependability, Speed and Flexibility. From the factors established, a questionnaire was created to collect data. The case studied involves quantitative research on CELPE's private corporate principal customers using statistical tests to measure internal consistency reliability of the questionnaire scales and to identify underlying concepts, in the four groups analyzed, through which the private corporate customers perceive quality in the given services. Among the goals of this study are to improve the relationship with principal Private Corporate Clients, to create customer loyalty, and to maximize efforts in providing the power supply service, all of them with a view to improving and determining the Global Satisfaction Index

  7. Evaluating perceived quality of CELPE service. A Brazilian power company case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Barros Filho, Joao Paes; Da Silva, Cleriston Fritsch Damasio; Do Nascimento Melo, Maria Auxiliadora; De Medeiros, Denise Dumke [Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Center of Technology and Geosciences, 5th floor, Academico Helio Ramos av., Cidade Universitaria, Recife, PE 50.670-901 (Brazil)

    2009-04-15

    This paper presents an application of a methodology for the diagnosis and analysis of the service quality perceived by a Particular Group of CELPE Corporate Customers, a Brazilian power company at Pernambuco State. Concepts, on the power sector, of Quality in Services, Performance Objectives and Critical Factors of Success have been used to develop the analysis. Next, the Critical Factors for a power company were determined and classified in accordance with the performance objectives: Quality, Dependability, Speed and Flexibility. From the factors established, a questionnaire was created to collect data. The case studied involves quantitative research on CELPE's private corporate principal customers using statistical tests to measure internal consistency reliability of the questionnaire scales and to identify underlying concepts, in the four groups analyzed, through which the private corporate customers perceive quality in the given services. Among the goals of this study are to improve the relationship with principal Private Corporate Clients, to create customer loyalty, and to maximize efforts in providing the power supply service, all of them with a view to improving and determining the Global Satisfaction Index. (author)

  8. Smart Grid Innovation Management for SME Electricity Companies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben

    2011-01-01

    innovation process lies ahead for utility companies in screening, testing, maturing, implementing and operating smart grids. This process is expected to follow the political targets for CO2 reduction stretching forward until 2050. As no proven concepts exists, and as the process is expected to progress many...... years ahead, smart grid represents an excellent case of continuous innovation. The current study use a series of loosely related technological studies of smart grid related technologies in SME electricity companies to highlight critical issues in this innovation process. Major findings...... are that the companies have limited innovation capabilities, they are presented with plenty of technological offerings that eventually have to be rejected, and they suffer from absence of clear objectives....

  9. The development of multimedia communication system for electric power company

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woo, Hee Gon; Kim, Seong Bok [Korea Electric Power Corp. (KEPCO), Taejon (Korea, Republic of). Research Center

    1995-12-31

    It is a final report of the research project that is a development of PC-LAN based multimedia desktop conference system, which is research on the essential technologies and application and development of multimedia communication services for electric power company. This report is consisted of -Survey and study of the multimedia related technologies, -Multimedia communication protocols and network configurations, and -Design, developments of pilot model, evaluation, and applications of multimedia conference system. (author). 112 refs., 250 figs.

  10. Proposal of managerial standards for new product portfolio management in Brazilian pharmaceutical companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Assis Moreira

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available New Product Portfolio Management is aimed at helping decision-makers better select projects for new products based on key criteria for the manufacturer. The Brazilian pharmaceutical industry has been undergoing change due to stricter sanitary requirements following the enactment of the Generic Law in 1999. This paper presents the results of a research study aimed at clarifying the rationale employed by national pharmaceutical companies in selecting and prioritizing their new product development projects. Consequently, proposals for an analytical structure that could help these companies better select their products were produced. The research was carried out using case study methodology in which four different companies were investigated. The results of the field study confirmed that these companies had a non-structured Product Development System and that the selection of new product development projects was made on a non-systematic basis. The research also identified key criteria for the selection of projects of new pharmaceutical products, which provided the basis for the preparation of a proposal for a managerial standard for application of New Product Portfolio Management.A gestão de portfólio de projetos de novos produtos visa a auxiliar os tomadores de decisão a selecionar projetos de novos produtos considerando critérios importantes para a organização. A indústria farmacêutica brasileira tem passado por transformações devido ao aumento das exigências sanitárias após a Lei de Genéricos, de 1999. O objetivo deste trabalho foi entender como as indústrias farmacêuticas brasileiras selecionam seus projetos de desenvolvimento de novos produtos e propor uma estrutura que possa auxiliar estas empresas a selecionar seus projetos de produtos. Foi utilizada a metodologia de estudo de caso e uma mostra de quatro organizações foi investigada. Os resultados indicam que essas empresas apresentam um desenvolvimento de produtos n

  11. 76 FR 6638 - Virginia Electric and Power Company D/B/A/ Dominion Virginia Power and Old Dominion Electric...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-07

    ... COMMISSION Virginia Electric and Power Company D/B/A/ Dominion Virginia Power and Old Dominion Electric... Environmental Impact Statement and Conduct Scoping Process On June 28, 2010, Virginia Electric Power Company d/b/a Dominion Virginia Power and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative (jointly referred to as...

  12. STRATEGIES FOR INDUSTRY INTERNATIONALIZATION BRAZILIAN PULP AND PAPER THE PERSPECTIVE OF ECLECTIC PARADIGM: A CASE STUDY OF PULP AND PAPER COMPANY SUZANO

    OpenAIRE

    Mayra Batista Bitencourt Fagundes; Carla Christina de Oliveira Viana; Leandro Sauer; Jeovan De Carvalho Figueiredo

    2012-01-01

    This article aims to analyze the process of internationalization of the Brazilian pulp and paper. This analysis has an economic bias, basing on the model of internationalization of Eclectic Paradigm of Dunning (1980) in order to identify the internationalization strategies, as well as the key drivers that have enabled reach new markets. We adopted a qualitative methodology, developed through a case study in the company Suzano, a Brazilian company, a global leader in the pulp and paper industr...

  13. Use of molecular marker techniques in seed testing by Brazilian seed companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Della Vecchia P.T.

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Seed market is becoming global and globalization is growing very fast. To compete favourably in this new global seed world, quality and cost are and will be certanly the key issues. High seed quality can only be obtained by a thorough control of the entire seed production process, step by step from planning to final delivery. That requires science, technology, expertise, experience, good management and certanly, the most important, an absolute and unconditional commitment with quality. Seed testing for quality assurance is one important step in the process of production of high quality seed. In the late years a considerable amount of research has been published, particularly on the use of some Polymerase Chain Reaction DNA based new technologies (RAPD, microsatelites, AFLP for genetic purity determinations in seed testing. As far as we know, no Brazilian seed company is using, on regular basis, RAPD or other molecular marker techniques in the determination of genetic purity in seed testing. Most of these are using morphological or physiological traits expressed by seed, seedling or mature plant and/or electrophoresis of seed or seedling proteins/isoenzymes for that purpose. Main reasons for that are: DNA molecular marker techniques are relatively new; lack of specialized personnel to run DNA molecular marker assays on routine basis; higher cost/sample when compared to proteins/isoenzymes electrophoresis.

  14. Performance indicators proposal for the government electric power distribution facilities in the Brazilian electric sector; Proposta de indicadores de desempenho as distribuidoras de energia federalizadas do setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carregaro, Jose Carlos

    2003-07-01

    In this dissertation a set of indicators is proposed to the Centrais Eletricas Brasileiras S/A - ELETROBRAS, allowing the holding companies to attain the top position in the market, and a global vision of their performance. The methodology applied the definition of the performance indicators and the context, existing studies, and the indicators used by the Brazilian electric sector. It is expected that the proposed set of indicators be used by ELETROBRAS for a better planning and a more objective control of the holding companies performance, as well as an analysis of their administration strong and weak aspects.

  15. CAPM (Capital Asset Pricing Model) and regulation in Brazilian electric distribution sector; CAPM (Capital Asset Pricing Model) e regulacao no segmento de distribuicao do setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pinto, Rinaldo Caldeira; Parente, Virginia, E-mail: rinaldo@iee.usp.br, E-mail: vparente@iee.usp.br [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the use of Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) Beta in the Brazilian electric distribution sector tariffs review. The betas applied by the Regulatory Agency are defined using data from the American, English and Brazilian markets. These betas will then be compared to the betas obtained in the domestic market. The betas were directly obtained from an economic-financial databank largely employed by the market. The sample is composed of companies' shares, priced at Sao Paulo Stock Market. Their main activity is the distribution of electric energy between July 2002 and July 2007. The results of mean betas obtained for the distribution segment, with values close to the ones applied by the regulatory agency for the cycle of tariff reviews between 2007-2010. (author)

  16. CAPM (Capital Asset Pricing Model) and regulation in Brazilian electric distribution sector; CAPM (Capital Asset Pricing Model) e regulacao no segmento de distribuicao do setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pinto, Rinaldo Caldeira; Parente, Virginia [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil)], emails: rinaldo@iee.usp.br, vparente@iee.usp.br

    2010-07-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the use of Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) Beta in the Brazilian electric distribution sector tariffs review. The betas applied by the Regulatory Agency are defined using data from the American, English and Brazilian markets. These betas will then be compared to the betas obtained in the domestic market. The betas were directly obtained from an economic-financial databank largely employed by the market. The sample is composed of companies' shares, priced at Sao Paulo Stock Market. Their main activity is the distribution of electric energy between July 2002 and July 2007. The results of mean betas obtained for the distribution segment, with values close to the ones applied by the regulatory agency for the cycle of tariff reviews between 2007-2010. (author)

  17. Competitive strategies and models of business management in the Brazilian electric sector; Estrategias competitivas e modelos de gestao empresarial no setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueiredo, Breno Pinto

    1999-12-15

    This study draws attention to the fact that most of the discussions and studies related to the restructuring of electricity industry in Brazil, almost exclusively address the technological and institutional aspects involved in the question, when competitive strategies and management models to be followed by power companies are essential to ensure the consolidation of new design of the institutional industry in the daily operation of business. The proposition is that the evaluation of competitive strategies and management models can be a working tool for the State, in addition to offer to the electric power companies administrators an initial map or check list for planning and operation of its business, in the institutional model that is being implemented for the Brazilian electric sector.

  18. 75 FR 2564 - Virginia Electric and Power Company D/B/A Dominion Virginia Power and Old Dominion Electric...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-15

    ... COMMISSION Virginia Electric and Power Company D/B/A Dominion Virginia Power and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; Combined License Application for North Anna Unit 3; Exemption 1.0 Background Virginia Electric and Power Company, doing business as Dominion Virginia Power (Dominion), acting on its own behalf...

  19. The relevance of the capital structure in firm performance: a multivariate analysis of Brazilian publicly traded companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Kennedy Cruz Machado

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The economic changes in recent years have made the dynamics of the Brazilian market more complex, which directly impacts the administration of large organizations, particularly in management tasks, such as decisions concerning the definition of the capital structure. The literature in this theoretical field is polarized in two seminal works: the first, by Durand (1952, 1959, discusses the existence of an optimal capital structure that maximizes the value of the firm; and, at the other end, the work by Modigliani and Miller (1958, 1963 considers that it is irrelevant how firms are financed. In this sense, the objective was to verify the effective interference of the capital structure in the performance of Brazilian firms listed on BM&FBOVESPA. The sample consisted of cross-sectional data that were selected from the most recent balance sheets of all companies listed on BM&FBOVESPA, available in the Economática® database. The techniques used were the analysis of variance (ANOVA and discriminant analysis. Among the indicators used, it was observed that only general liquidity, the degree of immobilization, Tobin’s Q, and the opportunity for growth were significant at 1%. The results indicate that the capital structure is not directly related to the performance of Brazilian companies listed on BM&FBOVESPA. In the meantime, the results point to the consolidation of the financial theories expounded by Modigliani and Miller (1958, 1963, as opposed to the traditionalist current started in Durand’s studies (1952.

  20. Probabilistic risk benchmark of the Brazilian electrical system; Risco probabilistico de referencia do sistema eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soares, Neyl Hamilton Martelotta

    2002-05-01

    The main goal of this dissertation is to proceed a first numerical evaluation of the probabilistic risks magnitudes associated with the Brazilian Electrical network, considering the subsystems North, Northeast, South, Southeast and Mid West. This result is relevant because it can be used as an initial comparative reference for future reliability studies of the Brazilian Basic Grid. As a by-product, the whole set of criteria and procedures used in the work are described in detail. They may also serve as a preliminary base for future similar evaluations. (author)

  1. Profiting from competition: Financial tools for electric generation companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richter, Charles William, Jr.

    Regulations governing the operation of electric power systems in North America and many other areas of the world are undergoing major changes designed to promote competition. This process of change is often referred to as deregulation. Participants in deregulated electricity systems may find that their profits will greatly benefit from the implementation of successful bidding strategies. While the goal of the regulators may be to create rules which balance reliable power system operation with maximization of the total benefit to society, the goal of generation companies is to maximize their profit, i.e., return to their shareholders. The majority of the research described here is conducted from the point of view of generation companies (GENCOs) wishing to maximize their expected utility function, which is generally comprised of expected profit and risk. Strategies that help a GENCO to maximize its objective function must consider the impact of (and aid in making) operating decisions that may occur within a few seconds to multiple years. The work described here assumes an environment in which energy service companies (ESCOs) buy and GENCOs sell power via double auctions in regional commodity exchanges. Power is transported on wires owned by transmission companies (TRANSCOs) and distribution companies (DISTCOs). The proposed market framework allows participants to trade electrical energy contracts via the spot, futures, options, planning, and swap markets. An important method of studying these proposed markets and the behavior of participating agents is the field of experimental/computational economics. For much of the research reported here, the market simulator developed by Kumar and Sheble and similar simulators has been adapted to allow computerized agents to trade energy. Creating computerized agents that can react as rationally or irrationally as a human trader is a difficult problem for which we have turned to the field of artificial intelligence. Some of our

  2. Fuel cells and electricity companies - new risk management opportunities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Full text:' Deregulation, distributed generation, combined heat and power, renewables, fuel cells, hydrogen. Power companies are facing a rapidly evolving environment that is testing their ability to effectively deploy capital and earn profits. While recent deregulation trends have shifted the structure of power markets into separating generators from distributors, the improving economic value proposition offered by smaller scale distributed generation technologies - such as fuel cells - would seem to be a conflicting development. In this complex and changing environment, decisions based on the economic reality of the capital markets are likely to prevail. By examining the opportunity to enhance risk management offered by stationary fuel cells, particularly in CHP applications, we provide a context for the issues being discussed in today's sessions focusing on power companies and electric utilities. Our risk management perspective suggests a pathway for implementing fuel cells in combined heat and power applications that large power generators can introduce in increasingly smaller sizes. With capital costs of fuel cells high and risk tolerance of power companies low, the challenge for smaller technology developers will be to reduce the apparently long time horizon that persists for substantial deployment. (author)

  3. The influence of cognitive and motivational biases in managerial decision making: empirical evidence from a Brazilian construction company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaldo Barros Feitosa

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The heuristics and the biases affect the decision making process allowing the manager to take high complexity decisions under simplified conditions with the benefit of time saving. Although they are useful, making the information processing more efficient by directing the managers to relevancies and common urgencies to the decision making process, the use of heuristics can lead to induced inconsistencies by biases or lapses of decisions, which persistent and predictable generate patterns of behavior. Against that, the object of this research consists in diagnose possible cognitive and motivational biases, in special, the confidence excess, the optimism and the anchorage, in managers of a great Brazilian construction company. In order to achieve that objective, a structured questionary with selected tools into the literature on decision process was submitted to 120 managers of a big Brazilian construction company, however, only 84 questionaries were obtained, tabled and analyzed. As from the parametric and non-parametric tests, univariate and bivariate, it was found that the managers of the analyzed company: (1 are excessively confidents in their estimates; (2 seem more optimists than other economic agent groups; (3 are totally influenced by bosses in theirs estimates. The results confirm empirical evidences, emanated from the literature on heuristics and cognitive and emotional biases, particularly with concepts of Prospect Theory, and are opposed to the concepts derived from the literature that addresses the rational model of decision making, more specifically, the Expected Utility Theory.

  4. The Brazilian electric power market: historic and forecasting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A historical analysis of electric power market evolution in Brazil and in their regions during 1950 to 1990, is described, showing the forecasting for the next ten years. Some considerations about population, energy conservation and industrial consumers are also presented, including statistical data of the electrical power market. (C.G.C.)

  5. 75 FR 32458 - Virginia Electric and Power Company v. PJM Interconnection, LLC; Notice of Complaint

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Virginia Electric and Power Company v. PJM Interconnection, LLC; Notice of... Power Company (Complainant) filed a formal complaint against PJM Interconnection, LLC...

  6. The management strategy of energetic companies before new businesses: CESP - a case study; A postura empresarial de empresas energeticas diante de novos negocios: CESP - um estudo de caso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prado Junior, Fernando Amaral de Almeida

    1994-12-01

    This thesis focuses the new challenges which the Brazilian electric power companies have been facing towards the new market requirements. Special emphasis is given to: organizational theory; Brazilian electric power industry history; and, comparative analysis of the Brazilian electric power system regulation and legislation. A case study is presented based on the electric power company of Sao Paulo State - Southeast Brazil 60 refs., 21 figs., 37 tabs.

  7. Electric Service Areas, Area showing what electric company serves a particular area, Published in 2004, Johnson County AIMS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Electric Service Areas dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2004. It is described as 'Area showing what electric company serves a...

  8. 77 FR 40608 - Wisconsin Electric Power Company; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Wisconsin Electric Power Company; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order...) Rules of Practice and Procedure, 18 CFR 381.302 and 385.207, Wisconsin Electric Power Company (Wisconsin Electric) submitted a petition requesting the Commission to issue a declaratory order approving:...

  9. Brazilian experience in electricity auctions: Comparing outcomes from new and old energy auctions as well as the application of the hybrid Anglo-Dutch design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 2004, the Government of Brazil (GoB) has acted as an intermediary between distribution and generator companies in the energy procurement sector. The GoB procures energy from generator companies through auctions of long-term energy contracts. After an auction, the winning generator companies sign contracts directly with distribution companies. In particular, the GoB runs two different auctions: one for energy from existing power plants (i.e., old energy) and another for energy from power plants that have not yet been built (i.e., new energy). This paper describes these auctions and compares the outcomes from the old and new energy auctions from 2004 to 2010 using final auction prices. The Brazilian case is particularly interesting, not only because energy is predominantly supplied by hydropower plants but also because new energy auctions reach prices below those for old energy. Therefore, it is likely that it is not necessary to run the two different energy auctions. As a secondary objective, this article analyze whether the Anglo-Dutch hybrid auction model is a better design for electricity procurement in Brazil. - Highlights: ► We analyze the outcomes from the Brazilian old and new energy auctions. ► We evaluate the Anglo-Dutch auction design. ► Outcomes from both kind of auctions reveal that the prices are statistically similar. ► One kind of auction increase competition and minimize Eletrobras' market power

  10. The restructuring of the Brazilian electric power sector and the universal access to the electric power service

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The central issue of debate was the need to align the energy sector's options and organization with changing global patterns of economic and social development, characterized by the increasing role played by the private sector, greater integration in the world economy, and new economic and social priorities such as efficiency, decentralization, deregulation, and a closer attention to environmental issues. The aim of the work was to overview the restructuring of the Brazilian electric power sector. Tariffs are also commented

  11. Models and strategies for electricity distribution companies in emerging economies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaragocin Espinosa, Leonardo Vicente

    Unbundling and privatization have become key elements of restructuring in the Electric Power Industry of Emerging Economies. These processes have concentrated on the Generation and Transmission areas, leaving Distribution as lower priority. Based on a comparison between the old role of Distribution Companies (DISCOS) and its new potential role this study identifies the main issues and challenges that DISCOS will face in the new environment once structural and ownership changes are completed. For the specific case of DISCOS in Emerging Economies, regulatory policies are reviewed and strategies identified in order to facilitate the transition and to assist in the integration of DISCOS with other agents in the evolving electric power market. Of particular importance in this research is the analysis of the role of Energy Efficiency (EE) in the new structural and governance environment. A theoretical study of the effects of energy efficiency measures, specifically loss reduction, on price regulation is developed within a proposed regulatory regime of privatization together with Price-Cap Regulation. This theoretical benchmark is then used as a starting point for a case study, the Electric System of Ecuador, where an analysis of the current Ecuadorian price regulation scheme (the Distribution Value Added Charge, VAD, scheme) is presented and analyzed in detail. General recommendations for improving the application of the VAD pricing approach are advanced, with special reference to the current situation in Ecuador.

  12. Critical evaluation of the present institutional model of the Brazilian electric sector; Avaliacao critica do atual modelo institucional do setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bajay, Sergio Valdir [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (FEM/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia Mecanica. Dept. de Energia], E-mail: bajay@fem.unicamp.br

    2010-07-01

    This paper makes a critical evaluation of the effect of those changes on the Brazilian electric market and to cause to stand out the main points which requires future actions of the federal government and the Brazilian Parliament.

  13. The Influence of Environmental Disclosure on Capital Structure of Brazilian Companies listed on the BM&FBovespa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Mendes Fernandes

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study to verify the relationship between environmental disclosure and the capital structure of companies classified according to Law 10165 which provides for the National Environmental Policy for the period 2006 to 2010. To meet the proposed objectives were used as proxies for capital structure debt to verify the cost of debt and to verify the CAPM cost of equity. To measure the level of environmental disclosure content analysis was carried out in the notes, the management report and the report of the environmental information contained in the report of the Annual Information (IAN. We analyzed 89 companies with 95,020 sentences, and 5279 relating to environmental events, such 4819 relating to environmental information regarding positive and 460 negative environmental information. To investigate the relationship between these variables was used in the analysis panel with random effects adjusted by robust tool. The findings of this study demonstrate that environmental disclosure does not affect the cost of debt, ie, in the Brazilian market, the environmental information whether positive or negative does not drive the market to influence positively / negatively the cost of debt. However, the results showed that the positive environmental disclosure adversely affects the cost of equity demonstrating that "good environmental image of the company" leverage the company's credibility this crucial factor in reducing the risk of the company since the engagement with sustainability and generate savings for the effective and efficient use of resources eliminates and / or reduces the incidence of government regulations.

  14. Pricing Decision Support System for Generation Companies in Electricity Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FangDebin; WangXianjia

    2005-01-01

    In order to meet the requirement of separating power plants from power network and that of the competition based power transaction in power market, the pricing decision support system for generation companies (GCPDSS) is built in electricity market. This paper introduces the conception of intelligent decision support system (IDSS) and puts emphasis on the systematical structural framework,work process, design principal, and fundamental function of GCPDSS. The system has the module to analyze the cost, to forecast the demand of power, to construct the pricing strategies, to manage the pricing risk, and to dispatch giving the pricing strategies.The case study illustrates that the friendly window-based user interface of the system enables the user to take full advantage of the capabilities of the system in order to make effective real-time decisions.

  15. Lost in transition? Comparing strategies of electricity companies in Delhi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper examines the notion of energy transition when implemented by private utilities. In 2000, the Delhi government privatized electricity distribution to three private distribution companies. Most research was concerned with the impact of privatization on energy reliability, tariff settings and regulation issues. This paper looks at two under-researched themes: the expansion of services to poorer neighborhoods and the rollout of clean energy policies. This focus allows to unpack the materiality of socio-technical systems, to analyze how energy infrastructures are being technically deployed on the ground and to identify which social approach is used. To detail the specific practices of each company provides a more nuanced and accurate understanding of the reform. In-depth analysis of the three private utilities show that they interpret the reform mandate differently: they use a varied range of technical tools; they respond differently to social concerns in poorer neighborhoods; and they have distinctive internal management choices and corporate cultures. All these four factors can strengthen or undermine the transition towards increased access and clean energy. - Highlights: • Energy transition in an emerging cities aims at balancing environmental and social concerns. • Utilities have distinct transition paths despite similar privatization and regulation framework. • Utilities paths depend on spatial, social, managerial and corporate considerations. • Utilities' strategies are shaped by urban challenges rather than by energy policies

  16. The auctions of the new brazilian electric power sector; Os leiloes do novo modelo do setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carneiro, Maria Carolina

    2007-07-01

    Inside the new Brazilian electric power the auctions constitutes the central mechanism which allows the sales of the most part of energy used in the country. Much has been discussed on the new arrangement of the sector and the evaluations and opinions on these auctions results are controversy. In fact, it is not a easy task to perform the evaluation of the new brazilian electric power sector.

  17. The Brazilian electric power industry restructuring: an evaluation of the competition through the contestable market theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The central issue of debate was the need to align the energy sector's options and organization with changing global patterns of economic and social development, characterized by the increasing role played by the private sector, greater integration in the world economy, and new economic and social priorities such as efficiency, decentralization, deregulation, and a closer attention to environmental issues. The aim of the work is to evaluate the competition in the Brazilian electric power industry through the Contestable Market Theory proposed by Baumol

  18. Examination of Electric Utility CEO Compensation 2000-2011 and its significance to Company Earnings, Company Revenue, Company Stock and the Dow Jones Utility Average

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labovitch, Andrew

    This dissertation examined electric utility CEO compensation during the years 2000 through 2011 for United States owned and operated companies. To determine the extent to which agency theory may apply to electric utility CEO compensation, this examination segmented the industry by four types of company financial metrics: revenue, earnings, stock price and the Dow Jones Utility Average; by five categories of CEO compensation: base salary, bonus, stock grants, all other compensation and total compensation; and by four categories of company size as measured by revenue: large, medium, small and the industry as a whole. Electric utility CEO compensation data was analyzed with the financial metrics to determine correlations. No type of compensation was highly correlated to any of the financial metrics for any size industry segment indicating that there was little agency. CEO compensation in large electric utility companies was higher than compensation in medium and smaller companies even though the CEOs at larger companies earned less per dollar of revenue and per dollar of earnings than their counterparts in smaller companies.

  19. 77 FR 50681 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Receipt of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-22

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Receipt of Application Take....: 2130-066. c. Date Filed: July 23, 2012. d. Applicant: Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E). e. Name... sub-plan under condition No. 29 (Recreation Facilities and Administration) to manage the...

  20. 76 FR 35208 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Nevada Irrigation District; Notice of Environmental Site Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-16

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Nevada Irrigation District; Notice of... Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) and Nevada Irrigation District (NID) (applicants) will conduct an... (recommend a 4-wheel drive vehicle), but car pooling to the extent possible is encouraged. We do...

  1. 75 FR 8152 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Diablo Canyon Power Plant Environmental Assessment and Finding...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ... COMMISSION Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Diablo Canyon Power Plant Environmental Assessment and Finding... Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E, the licensee), for operation of the Diablo Canyon Power Plant... Part 73 as discussed in a Federal Register notice dated March 27, 2009 (74 FR 13926). There will be...

  2. 77 FR 28869 - Exelon Corporation, Public Service Electric and Gas Company, PSEG Power LLC, PSEG Energy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Exelon Corporation, Public Service Electric and Gas Company, PSEG Power LLC... Practice and Procedure, 18 CFR 385.206 and 385.211 and section 206 of the Federal Power Act, 16 U.S.C. 824(e), Exelon Corporation, Public Service Electric and Gas Company, PSEG Power LLC, and PSEG...

  3. 75 FR 18828 - Wisconsin Electric Power Company, Wisconsin Gas LLC, Wisconsin Public Service Corporation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-13

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Wisconsin Electric Power Company, Wisconsin Gas LLC, Wisconsin Public....206 (2009), Wisconsin Electric Power Company, Wisconsin Gas LLC, and Wisconsin Public Service.... Take notice that on March 26, 2010, pursuant to section 5 of the Natural Gas Act, 15 U.S.C. 717d...

  4. 77 FR 7211 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Diablo Canyon Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... COMMISSION Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Diablo Canyon Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation... Manager, Division of Spent Fuel Storage and Transportation, Office of Nuclear Material Safety and... Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) for the Diablo Canyon (DC) Independent Spent Fuel...

  5. 75 FR 12315 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Diablo Canyon Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-15

    ... COMMISSION Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Diablo Canyon Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation..., Division of Spent Fuel Storage and Transportation, Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards, Mail... Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) for the Diablo Canyon Independent Spent Fuel Storage...

  6. 76 FR 23846 - Virginia Electric Power Company, LLC, North Anna Power Station, Unit No. 1; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-28

    ... COMMISSION Virginia Electric Power Company, LLC, North Anna Power Station, Unit No. 1; Exemption 1.0 Background Virginia Electric Power Company (VEPCO, the licensee) is the holder of Facility Operating License No. NPF-4, which authorizes operation of North Anna Power Station (NAPS), Unit No. 1. The...

  7. 77 FR 12887 - Virgina Electric and Power Company; Receipt of Request for Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... Commission (NRC or the Commission) take action with regard to Virginia Electric and Power Company's (the... COMMISSION [Docket Nos. 50-338 and 50-339; NRC-2012-0051; License Nos. NPF-4 and NPF-7] Virgina Electric and Power Company; Receipt of Request for Action Notice is hereby given that by petition dated September...

  8. 77 FR 20438 - Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation, Virginia Electric and Power Company: North Anna...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... COMMISSION Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation, Virginia Electric and Power Company: North Anna Power... Virginia Electric and Power Company (Dominion or licensee) pursuant to 10 CFR 72.7 from the requirements of... with the operation of Dominion's nuclear power reactors, North Anna Power Station Units 1 and...

  9. 77 FR 18874 - Virginia Electric and Power Company; Receipt of Request for Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-28

    ... Virginia Electric and Power Company's (the licensee's) North Anna Power Station, Units 1 and 2 (North Anna... COMMISSION [Docket Nos. 50-338 and 50-339; NRC-2012-0075; License Nos. NPF-4 and NPF-7] Virginia Electric and Power Company; Receipt of Request for Action Notice is hereby given that by petition dated October...

  10. 76 FR 58844 - Virginia Electric and Power Company, Surry Power Station, Units 1 and 2; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-22

    ... COMMISSION Virginia Electric and Power Company, Surry Power Station, Units 1 and 2; Exemption 1.0 Background Virginia Electric and Power Company (VEPCO, the licensee) is the holder of Facility Operating License Nos. DPR-32 and DRP-37, which authorize operation of the Surry Power Station, Units 1 and 2 (Surry 1 and...

  11. 75 FR 16871 - Carolina Power & Light Company, Brunswick Steam Electric Plant, Units 1 and 2; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... COMMISSION Carolina Power & Light Company, Brunswick Steam Electric Plant, Units 1 and 2; Exemption 1.0 Background Carolina Power & Light Company (CP&L, the licensee) is the holder of Facility Operating Renewed License Nos. DPR-71 and DPR-62, which authorize operation of the Brunswick Steam Electric Plant...

  12. 75 FR 39285 - Virginia Electric and Power Company: North Anna Power Station, Unit No. 1 Environmental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... COMMISSION Virginia Electric and Power Company: North Anna Power Station, Unit No. 1 Environmental Assessment...-4, issued to Virginia Electric and Power Company (the licensee), for operation of the North Anna Power Station, Unit 1 (NAPS Unit 1), located in Louisa County, Virginia. Therefore, as required by...

  13. 77 FR 20440 - Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation, Virginia Electric and Power Company, Surry Power...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... COMMISSION Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation, Virginia Electric and Power Company, Surry Power... Virginia Electric and Power Company (Dominion or licensee) pursuant to 10 CFR 72.7 from the requirements of... Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (ISFSI) associated with the operation of Dominion's nuclear...

  14. 77 FR 45599 - Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC; Notice of Filing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC; Notice of Filing Take notice that on June 19, 2012, Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC submitted its tariff filing per 35.28(e): Oncor Tex... with any FERC Online service, please email FERCOnlineSupport@ferc.gov , or call (866) 208-3676...

  15. 77 FR 37034 - Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC; Notice of Filing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC; Notice of Filing Take notice that on May 16, 2012, Oncor Electric Delivery Company LLC submitted its tariff filing per 35.28(e): Oncor TFO... FERC Online service, please email FERCOnlineSupport@ferc.gov , or call (866) 208-3676 (toll free)....

  16. Dynamics of risk management in the regulated contracting environment of the Brazilian electrical sector; Dinamica da gestao de riscos no ambiente de contratacao regulada do setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Fabio Cavaliere de

    2008-11-15

    This thesis analyses the dynamics of risk management in the regulated contracting environment of the Brazilian electrical sector. As in the new model the distribution utilities are obliged to ensure energy contracting to supply their whole markets, these companies became exposed to volume risks related to the demand uncertainties. So the new model following similar directives from the first phase developed management tools to mitigate the new risks mentioned above. As in a well structured market it is expected that the risks should be evenly shared or that risk management tools should be provided for all, this work intended to analyze the dynamics of the designed mechanisms and their impacts over the regulated market. In this work the risks of the electricity markets are studied and the management tools devised for the Brazilian market are identified. Finally for understanding the dynamics a thorough analysis of the auctions, of the mechanism for compensation of surplus and deficits and tariffs are carried on. The results show that the management tools were regularly employed by distribution companies, but the risks were merely transferred to the captive customers leading to distortions and asymmetries that conflict with the basis that guided the second phase of the reform. The work proposes remedial actions to mitigate the observed impacts and to provide risk management tools to the captive customer. (author)

  17. 78 FR 11633 - Application To Export Electric Energy; ConocoPhillips Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... Application To Export Electric Energy; ConocoPhillips Company AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and... to renew its authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico pursuant to... transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico as a power marketer for a five-year term...

  18. 76 FR 69713 - Application To Export Electric Energy; BP Energy Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ... Application To Export Electric Energy; BP Energy Company AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy... its authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico pursuant to section 202(e... Order No. EA-314, which authorized BP Energy to transmit electric energy from the United States...

  19. 75 FR 78979 - Application to Export Electric Energy; Twin Rivers Paper Company Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-17

    ... Application to Export Electric Energy; Twin Rivers Paper Company Inc. AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery.... (Twin Rivers) has applied for authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada... authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada over the existing...

  20. 76 FR 69712 - Application To Export Electric Energy; BP Energy Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ... Application To Export Electric Energy; BP Energy Company AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy... its authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada pursuant to section 202(e... (DOE) issued Order No. EA-315, which authorized BP Energy to transmit electric energy from the...

  1. A Bayesian stochastic frontier analysis of Chinese fossil-fuel electricity generation companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper analyses the technical efficiency of Chinese fossil-fuel electricity generation companies from 1999 to 2011, using a Bayesian stochastic frontier model. The results reveal that efficiency varies among the fossil-fuel electricity generation companies that were analysed. We also focus on the factors of size, location, government ownership and mixed sources of electricity generation for the fossil-fuel electricity generation companies, and also examine their effects on the efficiency of these companies. Policy implications are derived. - Highlights: • We analyze the efficiency of 27 quoted Chinese fossil-fuel electricity generation companies during 1999–2011. • We adopt a Bayesian stochastic frontier model taking into consideration the identified heterogeneity. • With reform background in Chinese energy industry, we propose four hypotheses and check their influence on efficiency. • Big size, coastal location, government control and hydro energy sources all have increased costs

  2. Diagnóstico da fauna silvestre em empresas florestais brasileiras Diagnosis of wild fauna in brazilian forest companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanna Debortoli Medeiros

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de conhecer a situação atual da fauna silvestre em empresas florestais brasileiras, foram pesquisadas 42 razões sociais, entre Associadas e Co-Participantes da Sociedade de Investigações Florestais (SIF, as quais possuem plantios florestais próprios. As informações foram obtidas com base em questionário enviado às referidas empresas, via correio eletrônico, sendo as respostas obtidas também por esse mecanismo. Entre os vários resultados, destaca-se o fato de que 90,9% das empresas associadas já realizaram levantamentos qualitativos da fauna silvestre. No entanto, de modo geral há notória carência de infra-estrutura nas empresas pesquisadas para atender a trabalhos específicos de manejo e conservação da fauna silvestre.Forty-two companies, associates and co-participants of the Forest Investigation Society (SIF and owners of private forest plantations, were assessed to determine the current situation of wild fauna in Brazilian forest companies. Information was obtained through a questionnaire sent to and received from the companies by e-mail. One of the several results obtained was that 90.9% of the associate companies had already carried out qualitative surveys on wild fauna stands.. On the other hand, in general, there is a total lack of infrastructure in the surveyed companies, to specifically assist in the management and conservation of wild fauna.

  3. Motivations, Risks, Barriers, and Results Associated with the Adoption of Global Sourcing by Brazilian Companies: a Case-Based Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moema Pereira Nunes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to identi fy the motivations behind g lobal s ourcing (GS adoption , the associated risks and barriers , and the results that companies from emerging countries are achieving . The research explores the distinguishing features of these companies ' experience and examines established theories about GS that are based on companies from developed countries. In the article, a case - based study investigat ed four companies from the electrical and electronics industry in South Brazil. Data w ere collected through in - dep th interviews , documents , and direct observation. According to the research, t he main motivations for adopting GS are faster access to new technologies and establish ing a presence in global markets. It was also found that the opportunity to offer diversified products u sing the distribution channels already developed by companies motivate s GS adoption , a situation that prior literature has not identified . Despite the risks, t he absence of a broad local supply - base prompts companies to adopt GS. Further, the failure to fo rmalize barrier analysis processes creates difficulties f or companies . Th e main results associated with GS relate to innovation and reductions in the time taken to develop product s and reach market s . In this regard, c ompanies face a challenge to develop th e abilities required to compete for the advantages that t he global market can offer.

  4. Evaluation of Public Service Electric & Gas Company`s standard offer program, Volume I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldman, C.A.; Kito, M.S.; Moezzi, M.M.

    1995-07-01

    In May 1993, Public Service Electric and Gas (PSE&G), the largest investor-owned utility in New Jersey, initiated the Standard Offer program, an innovative approach to acquiring demand-side management (DSM) resources. In this program, PSE&G offers longterm contracts with standard terms and conditions to project sponsors, either customers or third-party energy service companies (ESCOs), on a first-come, first-serve basis to fill a resource block. The design includes posted, time-differentiated prices which are paid for energy savings that will be verified over the contract term (5, 10, or 15 years) based on a statewide measurement and verification (M&V) protocol. The design of the Standard Offer differs significantly from DSM bidding programs in several respects. The eligibility requirements and posted prices allow ESCOs and other energy service providers to market and develop projects among customers with few constraints on acceptable end use efficiency technologies. In contrast, in DSM bidding, ESCOs typically submit bids without final commitments from customers and the utility selects a limited number of winning bidders who often agree to deliver a pre-specified mix of savings from various end uses in targeted markets. The major objectives of the LBNL evaluation were to assess market response and customer satisfaction; analyze program costs and cost-effectiveness; review and evaluate the utility`s administration and delivery of the program; examine the role of PSE&G`s energy services subsidiary (PSCRC) in the program and the effect of its involvement on the development of the energy services industry in New Jersey; and discuss the potential applicability of the Standard Offer concept given current trends in the electricity industry (i.e., increasing competition and the prospect of industry restructuring).

  5. Resources transfer and centralization in Brazilian electrical sector: the reversion global reserve (RGR) and the guarantee global reserve (GGR)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This dissertation makes the analysis of resources transfer and centralization in Brazilian electrical sector, through reversion global reserve (RGR) and guarantee global reserve (GGR). RGR and GGR are funds. RGR finances sectorial investments in electric power and GGR aims the supply of deficient concessionaires. Governmental investments and the results of this application are showing. (M.V.M.). 55 refs, 2 figs, 61 tabs

  6. Outward Foreign Direct Investment from BRIC countries: Comparing strategies of Brazilian, Russian, Indian and Chinese multinational companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wladimir Andreff

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available An overall comparative study of outward foreign direct investment (OFDI from BRIC countries and strategies conducted by multinational companies (MNCs based in the BRICs is elaborated on with a same methodology for Brazil, Russia, India and China. The comparison pertains to the historical emergence of firms’ internationalisation, their booming expansion in the 2000s then their muddling through the current crisis, the specificities of OFDI from each home country, OFDI geographical distribution and industrial structure, econometric testing of the respective determinants of Brazilian, Russian, Indian and Chinese OFDI, and the role of home countries’ governments vis-à-vis home-based MNCs. Beyond some common characteristics, BRICs’ MNCs exhibit a number of major country-specific features.

  7. The last mile in the Brazilian Amazon – A potential pathway for universal electricity access

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Brazilian rural electrification initiative Luz Para Todos – LPT (Light for All) has attracted attention internationally due to its ambitious targets and significant achievements in the last decade. The initiative has proved effective in its first phase, which has been developed through the extension of the grid. Yet, there are still important challenges to provide the service to inhabitants of remote areas in the Brazilian Amazon. We identify these challenges within institutional, technology, and funding structures operating within LPT. In line with these challenges, we propose a pathway to facilitate the achievement of universal electricity access in remote areas of the region. The proposed pathway is based on three key leverage points: (i) rules guiding the relationship among new agents and communities; (ii) the implementation of small-scale power generation technologies based on local resources; and (iii) optimized subsidies. It has the potential to allow (i) a better dimensioning of off-grid solutions considering local resources and realities, (ii) the creation of adapted institutions capable of implementing and operating the required systems and, (iii) an effective operation of off-grid solutions. -- Highlights: •There are important challenges to provide universal electricity access in the Amazon. •We propose a pathway to facilitate universal electricity access in remote areas of the Amazon. •The pathway allows a transition to a more knowledge-driven and participatory system

  8. Heat-electricity convertion systems for a Brazilian space micro nuclear reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guimaraes, Lamartine N.F.; Marcelino, Natalia B.; Placco, Guilherme M.; Nascimento, Jamil A.; Borges, Eduardo M., E-mail: guimarae@ieav.cta.br, E-mail: lamartine.guimaraes@pq.cnpq.br, E-mail: jamil@ieav.cta.br, E-mail: jalnsgf@outlook.com, E-mail: borges.em@hotmail.com, E-mail: ecorborges@hotmail.com, E-mail: ivayolini@gmail.com, E-mail: guilherme_placco@ig.com.br [Instituto de Estudos Avancados (IEAv/DCTA), Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil); Barrios Junior, Ary Garcia, E-mail: arygarcia89@yahoo.com [Faculdade de Tecnologia Sao Francisco (FATESF), Jacarei, SP (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    This contribution will discuss the evolution work in the development of thermal cycles to allow the development of heat-electricity conversion for the Brazilian space micro nuclear Reactor. Namely, innovative core and nuclear fuel elements, Brayton cycle, Stirling engine, heat pipes, passive multi-fluid turbine, among others. This work is basically to set up the experimental labs that will allow the specification and design of the space equipment. Also, some discussion of the cost so far, and possible other applications will be presented. (author)

  9. Investments in the Brazilian electric sector; Os investimentos no setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mello, Arthur Octavio Pinto Barreto de

    2008-05-15

    This work covers the investments in the Brazilian electric sector. Initially it describes the investments since 1879 in order to give a better understanding of the historical return obtained by investors, associated risks, investors' profile and investment's funding. Then some financial considerations related to new investments analysis are presented, emphasizing: the discounted cash flow theory, the equity return, the business risks and the characteristics of the main project accounts. Additionally, a hydroelectric case study is presented, in which the effect at the energy price of uncertainties in cost's projections, regional tax benefits, tax alternatives, and others are stressed. (author)

  10. Shutdown risk management applied at Philadelphia Electric Company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development and implementation of an effective risk management program requires basic risk or safety knowledge and the conversion of such information into effective management tools. ERIN Engineering and Research, Inc., under contract to the Electric Power Research Institute, has developed an effective program. Outage Risk Assessment and Management (ORAM), to provide plant and management personnel with understandable results of shutdown risk studies. With this tool, the impact of plans and decision options can be readily determined and displayed for the decision maker. This paper describes these methods and their application to the Limerick Nuclear Station of Philadelphia Electric Company. It also sets forth a broader application of these methods to include support of management decisions at-power and following forced outages. The result is an integrated risk management framework which can allow management and technical personnel to utilize readily available and understandable risk insights to optimize each activity. This paper addresses the resolution of several key issues in detail: How was the ORAM risk management method employed to represent the existing plant shutdown procedures and policies? How did the ORAM risk management method enhance the decision-making ability of the outage management staff? How was the ORAM software efficiently integrated with the outage scheduling software? How is quantitative risk information generated and used for outage planning and control? The ORAM risk management philosophy utilizes a series of colors to depict various risk configurations. Each such configuration has associated with it clear guidance. By modifying the conditions existing in the plant it is possible to impact the type of risk being encountered as well as the guidance which is appropriate for that period. In addition, the duration of a particular configuration can be effectively managed to reduce the overall risk impact. These are achieved with minimal

  11. Tampa Electric Company Polk Power Station IGCC project: Project status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McDaniel, J.E.; Carlson, M.R.; Hurd, R.; Pless, D.E.; Grant, M.D. [Tampa Electric Co., FL (United States)

    1997-12-31

    The Tampa Electric Company Polk Power Station is a nominal 250 MW (net) Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant located to the southeast of Tampa, Florida in Polk County, Florida. This project is being partially funded under the Department of Energy`s Clean Coal Technology Program pursuant to a Round II award. The Polk Power Station uses oxygen-blown, entrained-flow IGCC technology licensed from Texaco Development Corporation to demonstrate significant reductions of SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} emissions when compared to existing and future conventional coal-fired power plants. In addition, this project demonstrates the technical feasibility of commercial scale IGCC and Hot Gas Clean Up (HGCU) technology. The Polk Power Station achieved ``first fire`` of the gasification system on schedule in mid-July, 1996. Since that time, significant advances have occurred in the operation of the entire IGCC train. This paper addresses the operating experiences which occurred in the start-up and shakedown phase of the plant. Also, with the plant being declared in commercial operation as of September 30, 1996, the paper discusses the challenges encountered in the early phases of commercial operation. Finally, the future plans for improving the reliability and efficiency of the Unit in the first quarter of 1997 and beyond, as well as plans for future alternate fuel test burns, are detailed. The presentation features an up-to-the-minute update on actual performance parameters achieved by the Polk Power Station. These parameters include overall Unit capacity, heat rate, and availability. In addition, the current status of the start-up activities for the HGCU portion of the plant is discussed.

  12. Organizational Impacts due to ISO 9001 Certified Implementation on Brazilians Cardboard Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Glaucia Aparecida Prates; Jose Claudio Caraschi

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the evaluation internal and external organizational impacts of a company that has adopted a total quality management system: ISO 9001 certification. Based on a case study, supported in bibliographic references in a cardboard sector company, the survey aims to measure and evaluate the basic concepts of quality and the certification benefits. Upon this study completion it was found that actually getting a certified ISO 9001 brings many organizational impacts and leads to ove...

  13. Financial frictions and substitution between internal and external funds in publicly traded Brazilian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Telles Portal

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to document the effects of financial constraints on the negative relationship between cash flow and external funds, a phenomenon associated with the Pecking Order Theory. This theory suggests that companies subject to more expensive external funds (financially constrained firms should demonstrate a stronger negative relationship with cash flow than companies subject to minor financial frictions (financially unconstrained firms. The results indicate that the external funds of constrained firms consistently present less negative sensitivity to cash flow compared with those of unconstrained companies. Additionally, the internal funds of constrained companies demonstrate a positive sensitivity to cash flow, whereas those of unconstrained companies do not show any such significant behavior. These results are in accordance with the findings of Almeida and Campello (2010, who suggest the following: first, because of the endogenous nature of investment decisions in constrained companies, the complementary relationship between internal and external funds prevails over the substitutive effects suggested by the Pecking Order Theory; and second, the negative relationship between cash flow and external funds cannot be interpreted as evidence of costly external funds and therefore does not corroborate the Pecking Order Theory.

  14. An Alternative Model of Risk in Non-financial Companies Applied to the Brazilian Pulp and Paper Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Hubert Jr.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Earnings at Risk (EaR is a financial risk measure that can be applied to non-financial companies, similarly to Cash Flow at Risk (CFaR. It is based on a relation that can be quantified using a multiple linear regression model, where the dependent variable is the change on the company's results and the independent variables are changes in distinct risk factors. The presence of correlation between explanatory factors (multicollinearity in this kind of model may cause problems when calculating EaR and CFaR. In this paper, we indicate some possible consequences of these problems when calculating EaR, and propose a method to solve it based on Principal Component Analysis technique. To test the model, we choose the Brazilian agriculture-business industry, more specifically the paper and pulp sectors. We will show that, on the absence of significant correlation between variables, the proposed model has equivalent performance to usual multiple linear regression models. We find evidence that when correlation appears, the model here proposed yields more accurate and reliable forecasts.

  15. Corporate governance structure which is based in the S&OP process: Case study in la Brazilian cosmetic company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ximena Rojas

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available (Received: 2014/01/31 - Accepted: 2014/03/25This article is about the generation of a corporate governance structure which is based in the process S&OP for a Brazilian cosmetic industry. The increasing emphasis on business development guided by attention to the requirements and demands of customers, cause nowadays, that the organizations of the commercial sectors work in the creation of a competitive differential. The collaborative business management strategy S&OP is looking for the attention of people who are interested in the improvement of their skills; in order to achieve this differential. With the case study methodology, the objectives are to get knowledge, identify, and analyze the characteristics of the company using analysis tools like SWOT, process analysis, value chain. All with the purpose to get a robust management tool that fits with the requirements and demands of the organization. The analyzed results showed that the principles of collaboration and internal communication were the pillars necessary against any attempt of business development. This supports the proposal of a management structure based on the five step S&OP process. As a complement to this study a methodology CPFR was identified as the platform for an integrated work with the rest of the companies of the supply chain.

  16. A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF QUALITY MANAGMENT IMPLEMENTATION IN A SMALL BRAZILIAN COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Schmitz Rauber

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This project involves identifying major organizational changes occurred in a small company in the printing supplies sector as it implemented the ISO 9001:2000 standard. The case study methodology was used through exploratory research to conduct semi-structured interviews with six employees in addition to participant observation. The desired outcome of this article is the identification of the benefits and difficulties encountered in the implementation process and a comparison between the new and previous practices. The main results of the research relate to the process of professionalization of management practices of the company and the improved internal processes.

  17. Energy commercialization in the new environment of the Brazilian electric power sector. A methodology for production allocation strategies analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The restructuring of the Brazilian Electric Sector has modified the rules for purchase and sale of energy, resulting in the creation of the Wholesale Energy Market. In this new context, the decision of the exposure level to the spot market price and the purchase of energy through bilateral contracts becomes so much a strategic variable for consumers or dealers, as for hydro and thermal generators. This work presents a methodology for planning of energy commercialization envisaging purchase and sale energy opportunities provided by the new Regulatory Framework of the Brazilian Electric Sector. (author)

  18. Renewable and non-renewable exergy cost and specific CO2 emission of electricity generation: The Brazilian case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Renewable and non-renewable exergy costs of the Brazilian electricity are evaluated. • Specific CO2 emissions of Brazilian electricity mix are determined. • Representative profiles of the electricity generation routes are reviewed. • Exergoeconomy is used to distribute costs and emissions in multiproduct processes. - Abstract: The average unit exergy cost and CO2 emissions of the electricity generated in Brazil are evaluated using the national electricity mix and considering the representative profiles of the electricity generation routes. The Brazilian installed capacity is composed of hydropower plants, natural gas, fuel oil and coal fired thermoelectric plants, biomass cogeneration plants, nuclear plants and wind farms. By using exergoeconomy to distribute exergy costs and CO2 emissions in multiproduct processes and by weighting the CO2 emissions and the renewable and non-renewable exergy consumption of each type of plant, it is possible to obtain the average unit exergy costs and specific CO2 emission for the whole electricity generated. An iterative calculation procedure is used to take into account cyclic interactions of the processed fuels and electricity generated. The renewable and non-renewable exergy costs together with the CO2 emissions provide a reasonable way to compare the electricity and its final applications with other energy sources

  19. Tariffs and investments at the Brazilian electric sector; Tarifas e investimentos no setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vela, Jorge Alberto Alcala; Almeida, Denizart do Rosario [ELETROBRAS - Centrais Eletricas Brasileiras, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2006-07-01

    The objective of the work is to identify the impacts of the variations in the tariffs of the electricity on the standard of growth of the consumption of electric energy, and the role that these variations had exerted in the allocation of resources by the companies of the sector, in the period 1995-2004. In this period, changes in the habits of consumption of energy due the adopted during the rationing, explain, in part, the reduction of the income-elasticity of the consumption of electric energy, but the contribution of a significant effect-price was important for this reduction. Also are evidenced, in this work, the categories of use and the regions that had more contributed for this effect. For the allocation of resources, from 1998 a decline of the participation of the investments in the sector in the total of investments of the economy is observed, with the companies of the sector presenting differentiated behaviors visibly. The companies of distribution apparently more privileged for the formation of resources, have presented, in the recent years, a declining evolution in its rate of investments when compared with the others segments. Among the determinative factors of the decisions of investment of the companies of distribution, can be mentioned the change in the standard of growth of the consumption and the effect of the evolution of the opportunity cost of the inversions. (author)

  20. Socio-environmental policy of Brazilian electric sector: effects of the environmental legislation; Politica socio-ambiental do setor eletrico brasileiro: efeitos da legislacao ambiental

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amaral, A.C.; Menezes, C.F.S. [Departamento Nacional de Producao Mineral (DNPM), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Projeto RADAMBRASIL

    1993-12-31

    This work discusses the socio-environmental policy of Brazilian electric sector. Implications of environmental legal aspects on the electric sector are also discussed. The main problems concerning the implementation of the socio-environment policy are presented 3 refs.

  1. Air quality effects of South Carolina electric and gas company's proposed Cope power plant

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — A review of preliminary determination prepared by the South Carolina bureau of air quality control for the South Carolina electric and gas company's proposed cope...

  2. Barriers to the adoption of green operational practices at Brazilian companies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jabbour, Charbel José Chiappetta; De Sousa Jabbour, Ana Beatriz Lopes; Govindan, Kannan;

    2016-01-01

    by showing that companies which are looking for green competitive advantages should try to reduce their IBs. Also, policy-makers should pay attention not only to legislation that promotes ecological modernisation, but also to create a strong set of initiatives to overcome IBs, regardless of the size...

  3. PETRÓLEO BRASILEIRO S.A.: AN INTERNATIONALIZED BRAZILIAN STATE COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armando Dalla Costa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Petrobras is the largest governmental firm in Brazil and has a solid path of internationalization. This paper explores how Petrobras grew in the domestic market and, in the light of the theory of the internationalization of the firm, moved on towards the international market. First, it shows the beginning steps of Petrobras. It then follows Petrobras’ internationalization moves to three geographic areas (America, Eurasia and Africa, all in a context of a global dispute for oil exploration, production and distribution. In the conclusion, it is showed that Petrobras’ main revenues still come from the Brazilian market. Its expansion to international markets, however, has grown in absolute terms and also in sophistication. Petrobras started with a strategy of searching for new sources of oil (inputs and progressed to a new phase, focused on selling final goods and developing technology for exploration in deeper waters.

  4. Evaluation of efficiency of electricity distribution company. Using modified DEA approach in Fuzzy environment Case study: Electricity Distribution Company of Fars Province

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Hossein Gharib; Kamran Ghorban Nejad

    2015-01-01

    In present research, a modified DEA model has been used to evaluate the efficiency of different regions of Fars electricity distribution company in a Fuzzy environment. This model eliminates the weak points of basic models of data envelopment analysis in calculation of a different collection of selected weights for different units. First, the efficiency of electricity distribution units was measured using classical model of data envelopment analysis, and then this action was performed using m...

  5. Brand reposition impact in the internationalization of Brazilian footwear companies: the Havaianas case

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Maria João; Silva, Susana Costa e; Filho, Fernando Freyre

    2010-01-01

    New markets, needs, desires and opportunities seem to appear every day on the global stage. This also means an increase in the number of competitors, technological innovations and new purchase alternatives for the consumer. The conquest of these buyers’ preferences therefore becomes the purpose of many companies, to whom brand starts to be seen as an intangible asset – fundamental in attracting the attention of several interest groups; creating an emotional bond with the customer. The e...

  6. STUDY OF THE INTERNATIONALIZATION PROCESS OF A BRAZILIAN COMPANY IN THE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY AND IMPLEMENTS SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rozali Araújo Santos

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The agribusiness industry and agricultural machinery as well as the internationalization of companies are subjects of growing interest. Thus, a case study of a company in the sector of machinery and implements allowed the analysis of the movements of internationalization under the aspects of strategy, entry mode and challenges of internationalization. The study of the theories and the case study allowed a visualization of their application in practice. The literature review explored the themes internationalization, internationalization strategies, entry modes and challenges of internationalization. The data, qualitative and descriptive, were obtained from semi-structured interviews with the export manager and supplemented by secondary data published on the company’s website. The content analyzes of the data showed that the company is in a primary level of internationalization. However, it also presents strategic orientation toward an internationalization process. The development of this paper can serve as a discussion for further development of internationalization theories and also as a reference in the agribusiness industry to understand this process.

  7. Performance of Brazilian Companies: Year Effects, Line of Business and Individual Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Artur Ledur Brito

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Performance varies. This simple statement conceals many intricacies of strategic management. Because performance varies among individual firms, researchers can explore factors that differentiate these firms and explain why some firms are consistently outperforming others. Because performance varies among industries, researchers can explore structural characteristics of different branches of accounting as a source of explanation. Because performance varies with time, researchers can explore environmental and internal dynamic elements that drive strategic decision-making. In reality,measuring and analyzing performance is a very complicated issue when performance varies simultaneously from firm to firm, from industry to industry and from year to year. The theoretical discussion behind this question is the relative importance of the industrial organization derived approach to strategy versus the resource-based view. This paper analyzes the composition of performance variance of a set of Brazilian firms from 1998 to 2001. The results demonstrate that firm effects are still dominant, with year and industry effects being lower, as previous studies with North American firms have indicated.

  8. Voluntary disclosure of Value Chain in Financial Reports of Companies Brazilian Capital Open

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro da Costa Lopes

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Managing the value chain with the aim to achieve competitive advantage in relation to their competitors and in order to reduce costs has become increasingly important for business organizations. The aim of this paper is to analyse whether Brazilian organisations listed on Sao Paulo´s Stock Exchange (BOVESPA publish information relating to value chain management in their financial reports. In addition, this research aims to investigate the potential relationtionship between evidentiation of this information and two independent variables, gross margin and number of pages. Content Analysis was adopted in the management report and report notes of the year 2011. The analysis was based on the strategic cost management framework developed by Wrubel et al. (2010. The sample selected includes the ten largest non financial organizations, according to their total assets. Despite the fact that publishing the value chain management is not compulsory, it was observed that the businesses studied present on average 30 sentences regarding the topic in their reports. The category internal and external value chain activities represents 54.58% of the total sentences found. It has been found that there is a significant positive correlation between the amount of sentences disclosed and page number of reports, however, it was found that the same does not occur when attempted to correlate the gross margin. As a consequence, the hypothesis that gross margin could be a motivation for higher volume of information regarding value chain was not confirmed.

  9. Organizational Images in Brazilian Companies: detection and analysis with data mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Rocío Rocha Blanco

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The organizational images allow visualizing the business context in which organizations are embedded, and define behavioral models that respond to their organizational culture. This work begins with the approach of Morgan (1986 and uses 35 questions to identify metaphors in a sample of companies in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Quantitative analysis was performed by data mining techniques. The techniques identified images that are present in the sample. Analyzes are importance for the management of culture and business behavior, due to the identification of images may achieve organizational objectives.

  10. 76 FR 12102 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-04

    ... Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and Soliciting Comments, Motions to Intervene, and Competing Applications On January 31, 2011, Pacific Gas and Electric... and generator constructed on the right (west) abutment at the downstream side of the existing...

  11. Comparability of Accounting Choices in Future Valuation of Investment Properties: An Analysis of Brazilian and Portuguese Listed Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flaida Êmine Alves de Souza

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available One of the main purposes for adopting the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS is the quest for comparability between financial statements within the same country, over time, and between different countries. IFRS have the feature of allowing accounting choices in most of their standards. However, the existence of such flexibility in the process for recognizing, measuring, and disclosing as sets and liabilities may impact on comparability. IFRS have been criticized both due to their accounting choices and the adoption of the fair value paradigm. This article examines these two issues, investigating the choice of the cost model versus the choice of the fair value model for investment properties (IPs, an option guaranteed under the terms of the International Accounting Standard (IAS 40. This research aimed to identify the comparability degree and the factors that determine the accounting choices made by managers of IPs, in Brazilian and Portuguese listed companies, within the periods from 2010 to 2012. Comparability, within and between countries, was identified by the T-index and the search for the determining factors of accounting choices made by managers was performed by means of a logistic re gression analysis. As a result, it was found that, despite the accounting choices allowed by IAS 40, there was a mean comparability between the accounting practices of firms in these countries, but showing a decrease in the index over the years. The explanatory factors identified were auditing by one of the big four (PricewaterhouseCoopers, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, KPMG, or Ernst & Young, companies' indeb tedness, relative importance of IPs' balance, net profit, and less experience of Brazil in using the fair value method to appraise IPs.

  12. 78 FR 46617 - Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    ... COMMISSION Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to...-91 and NPF-92. The COLs were issued to Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc., and Georgia Power Company, Oglethorpe Power Corporation, Municipal Electric Authority of Georgia, and the City of...

  13. 78 FR 49551 - Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-14

    ... COMMISSION Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to... and NPF-92. The COLs were issued to Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc., and Georgia Power Company, ] Oglethorpe Power Corporation, Municipal Electric Authority of Georgia, and the City of...

  14. 78 FR 45990 - Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ... COMMISSION Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to... Operating Company, Inc., and Georgia Power Company, Oglethorpe Power Corporation, Municipal Electric... requests to revise the design of the bracing used to support the Turbine Building structure. This...

  15. The financial and accounting implications of the privatization of the regional electricity companies in the UK

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reviews some of the financial and accounting implications of the privatization of the electricity distribution and supply sector in England and Wales, specifically the transformation of the Electricity Area Boards into the 12 Regional Electricity Companies (RECs). It considers the factors influencing the setting of post-privatization price control factors; the capital restructuring of the RECs; the valuation placed by the Secretary of State for Energy on each company at flotation, and market reaction to this as shown in subsequent changes in share price; and changes in the information provided in the RECs' accounts over the privatization period. (Author)

  16. Measuring efficiency and productivity change (PTF) in the Peruvian electricity distribution companies after reforms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez-Reyes, Raul [Organismo Supervisor de la Inversion en Energia y Mineria, Osinergmin (Peru); Tovar, Beatriz [Infrastructure and Transport Research Group (EIT), Department of Applied Economics, University of Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain)

    2009-06-15

    This paper analyzes the evolution of productivity of the electricity distribution companies in Peru, to assess whether reforms have improved the efficiency in this sector. The paper also identifies potential sources of productivity changes, based on market restructuring the electricity sector and changes in property. To do this, we rely on a set of data for 14 distribution companies, for the period 1996-2006. Our analysis suggests that improvements in the efficiency and productivity of electricity distribution in Peru have occurred, and that there is a relationship between the restructuring of distribution sector and the enhancement of productivity. (author)

  17. The financial and accounting implications of the privatization of the regional electricity companies in the UK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomson, L. (Aberdeen Univ. (United Kingdom). Dept. of Accountancy)

    1993-01-01

    This paper reviews some of the financial and accounting implications of the privatization of the electricity distribution and supply sector in England and Wales, specifically the transformation of the Electricity Area Boards into the 12 Regional Electricity Companies (RECs). It considers the factors influencing the setting of post-privatization price control factors; the capital restructuring of the RECs; the valuation placed by the Secretary of State for Energy on each company at flotation, and market reaction to this as shown in subsequent changes in share price; and changes in the information provided in the RECs' accounts over the privatization period. (Author)

  18. International Competitiveness Based on Resources – Study of the Relation amog Resources and The International Dtrategies in the Biggest Exporting Companies of the Brazilian Footwear Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Henrique Arruda Cavalcante Forte

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The internationalization of companies refers to a strategy to get greater presence in the international market. As the companies need to make use of strategical resources for their insertion in the international market, was searched to answer: Is there a relation between the evolution of the strategical resources and the strategies of internationalization in great exporting companies of the Brazilian footwear sector? For the theoretical base were used the classifications of the resources of Fahy (2002 and the strategies of internationalization of Sharma and Erramilli (2004. The study searched to rescue the dynamic character of the Resouce-based View. The method of the research was the quantitative and explicative nature. The data were collected from 2004 to 2005, with 15 great exporting companies of the Brazilian footwear sector and had been analyzed by the Cluster Analysis in the entrance in the international market, in the current situation and in 2010. It was concluded that the companies which use more complex strategies of internationalization, at the entrance moment and in the future, consider more strategical the capabilities, then the tangible resources and finally the intangible resources. However, in the current situation, they consider more strategical the capabilities, then the intangible resources and finally, the tangible resources.

  19. Simulation of the low latitude ionosphere response to disturbed winds and electric fields: Brazilian region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batista, Inez S.; Souza, Jonas; Bailey, Graham; Bravo, Manuel

    2016-07-01

    Modeling the ionosphere during disturbed periods is one of the most challenging tasks due to the complexity of the phenomena that affect the electric fields and the thermosphere environment as whole. It is well known that depending on the direction of the interplanetary magnetic field disturbance electric fields (undershielding or overshielding) can penetrate from high to low latitudes causing significant disturbances in the electron density distribution and in the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) development. Besides that, the large amount of energy deposited in the polar region during disturbed periods will be responsible for the generation of disturbed winds that will flow towards the equator where they produce a disturbance dynamo which also affects the EIA density distribution. The TIDs and TADs are also sources of disturbances that propagate at high velocity reaching the equator 2-3 hours after the beginning of the magnetic storm. In this work we use the Sheffield University Plasmasphere-Ionosphere Model at INPE (SUPIM-INPE), to simulate the drastic effects that were observed at the low latitude ionosphere in the Brazilian region during a very intense magnetic storm event. A few models are tested for the disturbed electric field and wind. The simulation results showed that the observations are better explained when considering a traveling waveform disturbance propagating from north to south at a velocity equal to 200 m/s.

  20. New model of Brazilian electric sector: implications of sugarcane bagasse on the distributed generation process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Celso E.L. de; Rabi, Jose A. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (GREEN/FZEA/USP), Pirassununga, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos. Grupo de Pesquisa em Reciclagem, Eficiencia Energetica e Simulacao Numerica], Emails: celsooli@usp.br, jrabi@usp.br; Halmeman, Maria Cristina [Universidade Estadual Paulista (FCA/UNESP), Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Ciencias Agronomicas

    2008-07-01

    Distributed generation has become an alternative for the lack of resources to large energy projects and for recent facts that have changed the geopolitical panorama. The later have increased oil prices so that unconventional sources have become more and more feasible, which is an issue usually discussed in Europe and in USA. Brazil has followed such world trend by restructuring the electrical sector as well as major related institutions, from generation to commercialization and sector regulation while local legislation has enabled the increase of distributed generation. It regulates the role of the independent energy producer so as to provide direct business between the later and a great consumer, which is an essential step to enlarge energy market. Sugarcane bagasse has been used to produce both electric energy and steam and this paper analyzes and discusses the major implications of a new model for Brazilian electric sector based on sugarcane bagasse use as means to increase distributed generation process, particularly concerned with the commercialization of energy excess. (author)

  1. Globalization, economy financing model crisis and the institutional re-structuration of the Brazilian electric power system; Globalizacao, crise do padrao de financiamento da economia e reestruturacao institucional do setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maciel, Claudio Schuller

    1995-12-31

    This thesis discusses the crisis in the Brazilian economical financing model and the consequent re-structuration of the Brazilian electric power system, giving special emphasis to: global historical factors; the new economic order; and, the consequences of the financial crisis in the Brazilian electric power system. In addition, it suggests new strategies for the institutional reformulation of the Brazilian electric power system 226 refs., 13 tabs.

  2. Impact of electrical energy efficiency programs, case study: food processing companies in cuenca, ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Carrillo-Rojas, Galo Jose; Andrade-Rodas, Juan; Barragán-Escandón, Antonio; Astudillo-Alemán, Ana

    2014-01-01

    This exploratory study illustrates the effects of the application of electrical energy efficiency programs in 7 food processing companies in Cuenca, Ecuador. The research encompassed phases of diagnosis, intervention and evaluation. A comparative analysis between the companies was conducted: energy consumption versus product volume, energy-quality analysis, relation between compliance/specific energy consumption, and the impact on CO2 emissions. Results revealed that the acceptance to the rec...

  3. Environmental Disclosure of Electric Power Companies Listed in the Corporate Sustainability Index (CSI)

    OpenAIRE

    Clésia Ana Gubiani; Vanderlei dos Santos; Ilse Maria Beuren

    2012-01-01

    The study aimed to verify the level of disclosure of environmental information in the administration reports of the energy companies listed in the Corporate Sustainability Index (CSI). A descriptive and quantitative research was done, using the content analysis technique on the administration reports from 2006 to 2008. The sample consisted of 11 electric power companies listed in the CSI. For quantitative analysis of the disclosure index, the data collection instrument was based on the study ...

  4. 77 FR 74125 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    ... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska... holidays. For service information identified in this proposed AD, contact General Electric, One Neumann Way... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: John Frost, Aerospace Engineer, Engine & Propeller Directorate, FAA, 12...

  5. STRATEGIES FOR INDUSTRY INTERNATIONALIZATION BRAZILIAN PULP AND PAPER THE PERSPECTIVE OF ECLECTIC PARADIGM: A CASE STUDY OF PULP AND PAPER COMPANY SUZANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayra Batista Bitencourt Fagundes

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the process of internationalization of the Brazilian pulp and paper. This analysis has an economic bias, basing on the model of internationalization of Eclectic Paradigm of Dunning (1980 in order to identify the internationalization strategies, as well as the key drivers that have enabled reach new markets. We adopted a qualitative methodology, developed through a case study in the company Suzano, a Brazilian company, a global leader in the pulp and paper industry, with a strong presence in the international market. The data were obtained from literature searches, statistics, press releases and official documents of the company. For the treatment of these was used to pattern matching techniques, which enabled contrast them with the theory selected. The results revealed that Suzano differentiated adopted guidelines for the marketing of paper and pulp. The paper is intended primarily for the domestic market, whereas most of the pulp produced is intended to international trade. The company went international for having, according to the Eclectic Paradigm, the advantages of ownership and internalization over their competitors. The strategies used consists in finding markets (market seeking, search efficiency (efficiency seeking and search for strategic assets (strategic asset seeking. We conclude that the theory is Eclectic Paradigm in an appropriate tool for analyzing the internationalization process of the pulp and paper industries.

  6. Department of Energy electric and hybrid vehicle site operator program at Pacific Gas and Electric Company. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    Pacific Gas & Electric Company continues to expand an EV program that addresses the following: vehicle development and demonstration; vehicle technology assessment; infrastructure evaluation; participation in EV organizations; and meetings and events. This report highlights PG & E`s activities in each of these areas.

  7. 78 FR 67357 - Vineland Municipal Electric Utility v. Atlantic City Electric Company PJM Interconnection, L.L.C...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ... Interconnection, L.L.C.; Notice of Complaint Take notice that on November 1, 2013, pursuant to sections 205, 206... City Electric Company and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. (Respondents). Vineland seeks an order granting full and immediate refunds of all amounts paid in violation of the Interconnection Agreement and...

  8. The good, the bad and the ugly: The privatization of the Brazilian electricity distribution sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silvestre, Bruno; Hall, Jeremy; Matos, Stelvia; Figuiera, Luiz Augusto

    2010-09-15

    This paper analyzes the evolution of five electricity distribution companies in the Northeast of Brazil using technical and financial indexes. Three privatized and two public firms were analyzed between 1997 and 2008. The financial indexes are related to the capacity of the business to generate value for shareholders, while the technical indexes are related to the quality of service provided to customers. We observed the privatized firms had their financial indexes improved after the privatization, increasing the value of the firm for the shareholders. However, there is no evidence that the privatization affected the quality of service provided to consumers.

  9. Insertion of the free consumers in the Brazilian electrical sector: challenges and opportunities; Insercao dos consumidores livres no setor eletrico brasileiro: desafios e oportunidades

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chaves, Cristiane Padilha

    2010-03-15

    This thesis analyses the role of free consumers in the Brazilian Electric Power Sector. Therefore, it evaluates the role of free consumers in other markets worldwide and analyses the current Brazilian regulatory framework that was introduced in 2004. The current model has replaced the one adopted in the 1990s, when the first reform of the Brazilian Electricity Sector occurred. To assess the role of free consumers in the electricity sector, this work analyses the benefits that this kind of consumers perceive and the risks they are exposed to when they switch from the captive market and go towards the open market. It also evaluates the influence of free consumers over the other industry agents: generators, distributors, retail consumers and society. It also identifies new options for free consumers in the Brazilian electric energy (author)

  10. 78 FR 45194 - General Electric Company; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Order To Aid Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-26

    ... that your comment does not include any sensitive personal information, like anyone's Social Security... difficulties with its component supplier. Avio has the sole design responsibility for the AGB on the... General Electric Company; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Order To Aid Public...

  11. 78 FR 45984 - Yankee Atomic Electric Company, Yankee Nuclear Power Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ... COMMISSION Yankee Atomic Electric Company, Yankee Nuclear Power Station AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission... of Spent Fuel in NRC-Approved Storage Casks at Power Reactor Sites (55 FR 29181; July 18, 1990), the... on the site of any nuclear power reactor. In its Statement of Considerations (SOC) for the Final...

  12. 77 FR 36302 - Yankee Atomic Electric Company, Yankee Nuclear Power Station, Confirmatory Order Modifying...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    ... COMMISSION Yankee Atomic Electric Company, Yankee Nuclear Power Station, Confirmatory Order Modifying License... of 10 CFR part 72, Subpart K at the Yankee Nuclear Power Station. The facility is located at the... Facility Operating License for Yankee Nuclear Power Station must be modified to include provisions...

  13. 75 FR 10838 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Diablo Canyon Power Plant; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-09

    ... COMMISSION Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Diablo Canyon Power Plant; Exemption 1.0 Background Pacific Gas... DPR-82, which authorize operation of the Diablo Canyon Power Plant, Units Nos. 1 and 2 (DCPP). The... materials,'' Section 73.55, ``Requirements for physical protection of licensed activities in nuclear...

  14. 77 FR 60482 - Yankee Atomic Electric Company; Yankee Rowe Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation, Staff...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-03

    ... COMMISSION Yankee Atomic Electric Company; Yankee Rowe Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation, Staff... for the storage of spent fuel in an Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (ISFSI) to persons... part 72 general license for storage of spent fuel and greater than Class C waste at the Yankee......

  15. 76 FR 30980 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Humboldt Bay Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-27

    ... COMMISSION Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Humboldt Bay Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation... INFORMATION CONTACT: William Allen, Project Manager, Licensing Branch, Division of Spent Fuel Storage and... a modification to License No. SNM-2514 at its Humboldt Bay Independent Spent Fuel...

  16. 78 FR 59073 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Humboldt Bay Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... COMMISSION Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Humboldt Bay Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation...) independent spent fuel storage installation (ISFSI). ADDRESSES: Please refer to Docket ID NRC-2011-0115 when... storage of spent fuel and associated radioactive materials at the HB ISFSI. Pursuant to 10 CFR...

  17. 78 FR 41057 - Notice of Availability of Environmental Assessment; Wisconsin Electric Power Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Notice of Availability of Environmental Assessment; Wisconsin Electric Power Company In accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and the Federal Energy...

  18. Training Needs Assessment of Technical Skills in Managers of Tehran Electricity Distribution Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koohi, Amir Hasan; Ghandali, Fatemeh; Dehghan, Hasan; Ghandali, Najme

    2016-01-01

    Current dissertation has been conducted in order to investigate and detect training needs of the mangers (top and middle) in Tehran Electricity Distribution Company. Research method is applied kind based on its purpose. Due to data collection method, this query is descriptive-survey type. Statistical population in this study is all of managers in…

  19. The level of diversity in European electricity companies based on selected economic indicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Ulatowska

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the article was to show variations in the electricity sector in the context of macro and micro-economic conditions with the use of discriminatory analysis. Using the STATISTICA programe to carry out the analysis of discrimination macroeconomic data has been used on the economies of the countries in which the parent companies of the energy companiesare established and the financial and economic results of individual concerns. Power companies: power plants, distribution companies and vendors of energy in Poland have been included as a single entity. An attempt to determine the factors of macro and micro-economic and financial data, which significantly affected the distinctionbetween the concerns was investigated. The results of the discriminatory analysis allowed for the submission of the following conclusions: selected on the basis of the following micro-economic factors distinguished the companies that had the largest share of variables: revenue per employee and long-term assets to long-term capital, and clearly distinguished EdF and electricity companies in Poland. This means that the dominant European companies show a similarity in implementation adopted by the owners of the economic-financial conditions for development. According to factors and the economic contribution to the largest macroeconomic identifying similar groups had the same variables: consumption of electricity in TWh and public debt in% of GDP, which correctly classified all concerns at 100%. It follows from this that the greatest contributions in distinguishing concerns have external factors and more specifically, the national macro-economic indicators in the countries in which the handquestors of the parent companies are found.

  20. 78 FR 45987 - Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ... COMMISSION Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to... COLs were issued to Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc., and Georgia Power Company, Oglethorpe... Search.'' For problems with ADAMS, please contact the NRC's Public Document Room (PDR) reference staff...

  1. 78 FR 45989 - Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ... COMMISSION Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to... COLs were issued to Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc., and Georgia Power Company, Oglethorpe..., select ``ADAMS Public Documents'' and then select ``Begin Web-based ADAMS Search.'' For problems...

  2. 78 FR 50455 - Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Changes to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ... COMMISSION Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Changes to... NPF-92. The COLs were issued to Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc., and Georgia Power Company..., located in Burke County, Georgia. The amendment requests changes that modify the Chemical and...

  3. 78 FR 32278 - Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ... COMMISSION Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to... issued to Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc., and Georgia Power Company, Oglethorpe Power... information located in Table 3.3-1, ``Definition of Wall Thicknesses for Nuclear Island Buildings,...

  4. Assessing incentive policies for integrating centralized solar power generation in the Brazilian electric power system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study assesses the impacts of promoting, through auctions, centralized solar power generation (concentrated solar power – CSP, and photovoltaic solar panels – PV) on the Brazilian power system. Four types of CSP plants with parabolic troughs were simulated at two sites, Bom Jesus da Lapa and Campo Grande, and PV plants were simulated at two other sites, Recife and Rio de Janeiro. The main parameters obtained for each plant were expanded to other suitable sites in the country (totaling 17.2 GW in 2040), as inputs in an optimization model for evaluating the impacts of the introduction of centralized solar power on the expansion of the electricity grid up to 2040. This scenario would be about USD$ 185 billion more expensive than a business as usual scenario, where expansion solely relies on least-cost options. Hence, for the country to incentivize the expansion of centralized solar power, specific auctions for solar energy should be adopted, as well as complementary policies to promote investments in R and D and the use of hybrid systems based on solar and fuels in CSP plants. - Highlights: • We assess the impacts of promoting centralized CSP and PV by auctions in Brazil. • We simulate energy scenarios with and without solar power. • Our solar scenario leads to 17 GW of solar capacity installed between 2020 and 2040. • This solar scenario is some USD$ 185 billion more expensive than the base case

  5. 76 FR 76153 - Allco Renewable Energy Limited v. Massachusetts Electric Company d/b/a National Grid; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Allco Renewable Energy Limited v. Massachusetts Electric Company d/b/a... Renewable Energy Limited filed a formal complaint against Massachusetts Electric Company (National...

  6. 76 FR 11522 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-02

    ... COMMISSION South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority... Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) acting as itself and agent for the South Carolina Public Service... not have access to ADAMS, or who encounter problems in accessing the documents located in...

  7. 75 FR 6193 - Union Electric Company dba Ameren/UE; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-08

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Union Electric Company dba Ameren/UE; Notice of Application for Amendment of... Filed: November 6, 2009. Supplemented on January 13, 2010. d. Applicant: Union Electric Company dba... manage and maintain the lease area for public access, and would rehabilitate an existing building for...

  8. 77 FR 74030 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Humboldt Bay Power Plant, Unit 3; Schedular Exemption From...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... COMMISSION Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Humboldt Bay Power Plant, Unit 3; Schedular Exemption From Final... Bay Power Plant (HBPP) Unit 3 was shut down for annual refueling and to conduct seismic modifications... would probably not be cost-effective, and in June 1983, Pacific Gas and Electric Company...

  9. 75 FR 54920 - In the Matter of Pacific Gas & Electric Company (Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-09

    ... COMMISSION In the Matter of Pacific Gas & Electric Company (Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2... proceeding concerns the November 23, 2009, application of Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E) to renew Operating License Nos. DPR-80 and DPR-82 for the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2, near...

  10. 76 FR 37843 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Diablo Canyon Power Plant, Unit 1 and 2; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-28

    ... COMMISSION Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Diablo Canyon Power Plant, Unit 1 and 2; Exemption 1.0 Background Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E, the licensee) is the holder of Facility Operating License Nos. DPR-80 and DPR-82, which authorize operation of the Diablo Canyon Power Plant, Unit 1 and 2...

  11. 77 FR 24541 - Virginia Electric and Power Company, North Anna Power Station Units 1 and 2, Independent Spent...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... COMMISSION Virginia Electric and Power Company, North Anna Power Station Units 1 and 2, Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation; Exemption 1.0 Background Virginia Electric and Power Company (Dominion, the... the North Anna Power Station Units 1 and 2 in Louisa County, Virginia, pursuant to Title 10 of...

  12. 77 FR 71588 - Alaska Electric Light and Power Company, et al.; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Alaska Electric Light and Power Company, et al.; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order ] Alaska Electric Light and Power Company....... Docket Nos. EL13-24-000; Project No. 2307... River Authority, State of Louisiana. Southeast Alaska Power Agency Project Nos. 2911-036, 3015-013...

  13. 75 FR 9449 - Virginia Electric and Power Company; North Anna Power Station, Unit Nos. 1 and 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-02

    ... COMMISSION [Docket Nos. 50-338 and 50-339; NRC-2010-0026 Virginia Electric and Power Company; North Anna Power Station, Unit Nos. 1 and 2 1.0 Background The Virginia Electric and Power Company, (the licensee... North Anna Power Station, Unit Nos. 1 and 2 (NAPS). The licenses provide, among other things, that...

  14. 76 FR 59745 - Virginia Electric and Power Company; North Anna Power Station, Unit Nos. 1 and 2; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... COMMISSION Virginia Electric and Power Company; North Anna Power Station, Unit Nos. 1 and 2; Exemption 1.0 Background Virginia Electric Power Company (VEPCO, the licensee) is the holder of Facility Operating License Nos. NPF-4 and NPF-7, which authorize operation of the North Anna Power Station, Unit Nos. 1 and...

  15. 76 FR 17715 - Virginia Electric and Power Company North Anna Power Station, Units 1 and 2; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-30

    ... COMMISSION Virginia Electric and Power Company North Anna Power Station, Units 1 and 2; Exemption 1.0 Background Virginia Electric and Power Company (VEPCO, the licensee) is the holder of Facility Operating License Nos. NPF-4 and NPF-7 which authorizes operation of the North Anna Power Station, Units 1 and...

  16. 77 FR 24539 - Virginia Electric and Power Company; Surry Power Station Units 1 and 2; Independent Spent Fuel...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... COMMISSION Virginia Electric and Power Company; Surry Power Station Units 1 and 2; Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation; Exemption 1.0 Background Virginia Electric and Power Company (Dominion or licensee... Surry Power Station Units 1 and 2 in Surry County, Virginia, pursuant to Title 10 of the Code of...

  17. 75 FR 82414 - Carolina Power & Light Company; H. B. Robinson Steam Electric Plant, Unit No. 2; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-30

    ... COMMISSION Carolina Power & Light Company; H. B. Robinson Steam Electric Plant, Unit No. 2; Exemption 1.0 Background Carolina Power & Light Company (CP&L, the licensee) is the holder of Renewed Facility Operating License No. DPR-23, which authorizes operation of the H.B. Robinson Steam Electric Plant, Unit 2...

  18. 75 FR 16521 - Virginia Electric and Power Company Surry Power Station, Unit Nos. 1 and 2; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... COMMISSION Virginia Electric and Power Company Surry Power Station, Unit Nos. 1 and 2; Exemption 1.0 Background The Virginia Electric and Power Company, (the licensee) is the holder of Facility Operating License Nos. DPR-32 and DPR-37, which authorize operation of the Surry Power Station, Unit Nos. 1 and...

  19. 75 FR 11579 - Carolina Power & Light Company H. B. Robinson Steam Electric Plant, Unit No. 2; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    ... COMMISSION Carolina Power & Light Company H. B. Robinson Steam Electric Plant, Unit No. 2; Exemption 1.0 Background Carolina Power & Light Company (the licensee) is the holder of Facility Operating License No. DPF-23, which authorizes operation of the H. B. Robinson Steam Electric Plant, Unit 2 (HBRSEP)....

  20. 78 FR 46616 - Virginia Electric and Power Company; North Anna Power Station, Units 1 and 2; Surry Power Station...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    ... COMMISSION Virginia Electric and Power Company; North Anna Power Station, Units 1 and 2; Surry Power Station... Operating License Nos. DPR-32 and DPR-37, issued to Virginia Electric and Power Company (the licensee), for... the Emergency Plan, ``Conditions of licenses,'' for North Anna Power Station, Units 1 and 2...

  1. The diverse strategies of american electricity companies in the face of de-monopolization of the electricity market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electricity boards in the United States of America have adopted new strategies clearly influenced by anterior regulations and by de-monopolization. Numerous mergers are only the most spectacular of these strategies, enabling the start-up handicap of size in face of new competition to be surmounted, and offering the advantage of bringing together the supply of gas and electricity. Two principal means of adaptation for the gas and electricity boards are their development in non-regulated production (equipment sharing, setting up of merchant plants), and their involvement in bulk trade and competitive retail sales; moreover some choose to specialize in electronuclear production on transport. Lastly, internationalization and diversification towards telecommunications are more frequent there than elsewhere. The purpose of this article is to characterize these strategies in comparison with those of the European electricity companies

  2. [Tampa Electric Company IGCC project]. Final public design report; Technical progress report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    This final Public Design Report (PDR) provides completed design information about Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station Unit No. 1, which will demonstrate in a commercial 250 MW unit the operating parameters and benefits of the integration of oxygen-blown, entrained-flow coal gasification with advanced combined cycle technology. Pending development of technically and commercially viable sorbent for the Hot Gas Cleanup System, the HGCU also is demonstrated. The report is organized under the following sections: design basis description; plant descriptions; plant systems; project costs and schedule; heat and material balances; general arrangement drawings; equipment list; and miscellaneous drawings.

  3. Motivations, Risks, Barriers, and Results Associated with the Adoption of Global Sourcing by Brazilian Companies: a Case-Based Study

    OpenAIRE

    Moema Pereira Nunes

    2016-01-01

    This article aims to identi fy the motivations behind g lobal s ourcing (GS) adoption , the associated risks and barriers , and the results that companies from emerging countries are achieving . The research explores the distinguishing features of these companies ' experience and examines established theories about GS that are based on companies from developed countries. In the article, a case - based study investigat ed four companies from t...

  4. Electricity company managers' views of environmental issues: Implications for environmental groups and government

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electricity industry's environmental impacts are a matter of acute interest to many outsiders, including government and environmental groups-and they have sought to affect those impacts through regulations, public pressure, and technical assistance. These approaches reflect outsiders' intuitive theories regarding the industry's goals, practices, and capabilities. The research reported here provides a systematic insiders' view on these processes, based on in-depth interviews with 70 middle managers in two electricity companies heavily reliant on coal. It finds managers sincerely committed to environmental action, but often frustrated by confusing regulatory requirements, perceived costs, and other challenges. It identifies ways of enabling middle managers to act on their commitment, with lessons relevant for outside groups and those within companies seeking to effect change

  5. AN EXCEPTIONAL PUBLIC COMPANY WITHIN A SOCIAL DEMOCRACY IN CRISIS: THE COSTA RICAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICITY

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Chavez; Alberto Cortés Ramos

    2013-01-01

    The article presents an analysis of the economic policy of energy in Costa Rica and of the exceptional role which the Costa Rican Institute of Electricity (ICE) – the company responsible for the provision of energy and telecommunications – has historically held in shaping the national identity. The basic assumption is that the institutional profile of the ICE, as well as its evolution and impact on development have been shaped by very specific political, social and economic conditions which a...

  6. Nuclear policy retrospection in Brazil and forecasting for using of small nuclear power plants - SNPs - in the Brazilian electric system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis highlights the nuclear energy perspectives to regain a prominent place in the world energy mix, as a competitive and safe energy source. Just considering the current international changes in the nuclear power features in the developed countries, it is assessed the suitability and feasibility of defining a new nuclear policy in Brazil, based on the development of small and medium nuclear power reactors - SMNPR. The SMNPR's may be a good nuclear strategy for Brazil to develop a national and evolutionary reactor design with several improvements in safety, by means of passive safety systems. This reactor may play a significant role in the brazilian electrical system in the long term. (author)

  7. The effect of electric transmission constraints on how power generation companies bid in the Colombian electrical power market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eduardo Gallego Vega

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of research about the effect of transmission constraints on both expected electrical energy to be dispatched and power generation companies’ bidding strategies in the Colombian electrical power market. The proposed model simulates the national transmission grid and economic dispatch by means of optimal power flows. The proposed methodology allows structural problems in the power market to be analyzed due to the exclusive effect of trans- mission constraints and the mixed effect of bidding strategies and transmission networks. A new set of variables is proposed for quantifying the impact of each generation company on system operating costs and the change in expected dispatched energy. A correlation analysis of these new variables is presented, revealing some interesting linearities in some generation companies’ bidding patterns.

  8. Demand Forecast at the Foodstuff Retail Segment: a Strategic Sustainability Tool at a Small-Sized Brazilian Company

    OpenAIRE

    Claudimar Pereira Da Veiga; Cássia Rita Pereira Da Veiga; Anderson Catapan; Ubiratã Tortato; Wesley Vieira Da Silva

    2013-01-01

    Demand forecasting plays an increasingly relevant role within competitive and globalized marketplaces, in as much as operations planning and subsequent transition into a sustainable chain of supplies, is concerned. To this effect, the purpose of this study is to present the application of demand forecasting as a strategic sustainability tool at a Brazilian SME. Therefore, this is a descriptive, ex-post facto and cross-cut, sectional time case study, which employs qualitative and historical qu...

  9. A 'destination port' for the Brazilian electric system. Characteristics of the Brazilian integrated electric systems and forecasting up to the year 2035

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to establish a policy for the Electric System in Brazil it is necessary to foresee its future. In a predominantly hydroelectric system where thermal complementation is being introduced, a thirty-year horizon seems to be adequate for forecasting its port of destination and establishing its route to get there. The study describes the existing model, studies its regulation and projects the macro economic scenario, the electricity demand and the necessary generation park. (author)

  10. Green marketing in the Massachusetts electric company retail competition pilot program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rothstein, S.M.; Fang, J.M.

    1997-10-01

    With electric industry restructuring initiatives being introduced on the state and federal levels, retail access pilot programs serve an important function for examining competitive market issues, as well as marketing strategies and customer reactions to different power supply options. The experience gained through these pilots provides important insights into future power market operations, including the market for green power. The Massachusetts Electric Company`s (MECo`s) Choice: New England pilot for residential and small-business customers was a voluntary program developed primarily to test the billing and metering logistics that distribution companies will need in the competitive market. The pilot also offered a preview of program implementation and marketing under customer choice. It was the first retail competition pilot to explicitly include green power options in program design. The MECo pilot`s energy suppliers were selected through the issuance of a request for proposals (RFP). Respondents were asked to submit bids in one or more of three energy supply categories-price, green, and other options. These options were developed by the pilot administrator through internal meetings, discussions with state officials and other stakeholders, and a review of information from other similar pilots. For the green option, the pilot administrator did not establish a green standard. Instead, suppliers were allowed to submit offers that promoted environmental stewardship. Customer response to the different green options are reported. The pilot results clearly demonstrate that, in a competitive situation, there is interest in a variety of energy supply options, including green options. 2 tabs.

  11. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VARIOUS ASPECTS OF THE ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION COMPANY'S PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMERS' SATISFACTION AS WELL AS THEIR PERCEIVED JUSTICE

    OpenAIRE

    Manouchehr Molaie

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates different dimensions of perceived justice and its relationship with customer satisfaction in Electricity Distribution Company in Ardabil, Iran. Since the electricity distribution company rarely has a face-to-face contact with customers, it is difficult to examine customers' satisfaction through the conventional techniques. Therefore, based on the literature, a questionnaire was developed and distributed among 2395 individuals of diverse groups. By exploratory factor...

  12. Environmental Disclosure of Electric Power Companies Listed in the Corporate Sustainability Index (CSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clésia Ana Gubiani

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to verify the level of disclosure of environmental information in the administration reports of the energy companies listed in the Corporate Sustainability Index (CSI. A descriptive and quantitative research was done, using the content analysis technique on the administration reports from 2006 to 2008. The sample consisted of 11 electric power companies listed in the CSI. For quantitative analysis of the disclosure index, the data collection instrument was based on the study of Rover, Murcia and Borba (2008, which proposes eight environmental categories and 36 subcategories. For the whole analysis of the data were elaborated networks of the items disclosed in each company, using the software UNICET ®. The survey results showed that there is satisfactory disclosure in the categories of environmental policies and education, training and research environment. However, it was found that there is need for greater disclosure of categories of products impacts and processes in the environment, power polices and financial environmental information. It was concluded that the information disclosed in the administration reports of the companies surveyed about the environmental information do not respect the principle of full disclosure.

  13. Perfil do suporte oferecido pelas incubadoras brasileiras às empresas incubadas The profile of the support offered by the brazilian incubators to the incubated companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano Maury Raupp

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available O artigo objetiva delinear o perfil do suporte oferecido pelas incubadoras brasileiras às empresas incubadas. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, de natureza quanti-qualitativa, realizado por meio de pesquisa survey. A população da pesquisa corresponde a 179 incubadoras brasileiras, tendo-se obtido um retorno de 37 delas. A coleta de dados deu-se com base em questionário enviado por e-mail aos coordenadores das incubadoras. Inicia-se o estudo fazendo uma breve incursão teórica acerca de incubadoras de empresas, fases do processo de incubação e suporte das incubadoras às empresas incubadas. Na seqüência, identifica-se os procedimentos metodológicos adotados. Em seguida, procede-se à descrição e análise dos dados coletados. Por último, apresenta-se as conclusões do estudo realizado, bem como recomendações para futuras pesquisas.The goal of this article is to outline the profile of the support offered by the Brazilian incubators to the incubated companies. This is a descriptive study, based on both quality and quantity, done through a survey. The target of the research was 179 Brazilian incubators, having heard from 37 of them. The data collection was based on questionnaire sent through e-mail to the coordinators of the incubators. The study began with a brief theoretical foray about incubators of companies. After that, the adopted methodological procedures are identified. Then, the description and the analysis of the data collected are done. At last, the conclusion of the study and recommendation for future researches are presented.

  14. Plan 2000. The electricity companies plan for electricity conservation in the millennium; Plan 2000. Elselskabernes plan for elbesparelser i det nye aartusinde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-12-01

    Plan 2000 presents an account of the activities in the years 1997 and 1998 and a budget for the year 2000 and forwards. The report includes all 82 electricity companies in Denmark. Furthermore a number of particular analyses of relevance to electricity conservation are presented. All electricity companies work to promote electricity conservation. All consumption sizes and sections are covered. The activities in the individual companies are supported by a number of common campaigns. In Plan 2000 those activities are presented and the economics is analysed. The activities in the first year of the plan are expected to result in conservation corresponding 4% of the present electricity consumption. 80% of the conservation comes from activities, which are measurable. Technical counselling of trade customers is one of the essential activities. Others are e.g. telephone counselling, theme arrangements and teaching of pupils. (EHS)

  15. The French Electricity Company (EDF) and the environment. Press file for 1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1996 the actions of EDF in the domain of environment have recorded FF 4 billions (FF 3.5 billion in 1995), representing about 2% of the EDF's turnover. The EDF keeps on its efforts for reducing the impact of its activities upon environment. Several applications of an environment protective electricity generation are promoted by the company. The company brings services and technical solutions to its clients which meet their energy needs and conserving at the same time the life conditions. Furthermore, EDF participates in the activity of numerous national and international organisms, intervening in the environmental questions, in decision making, participating in studies and actions and following continually the direction of a durable economic and social development. The report is structured in three chapters: 1. an industrial responsibility; 2. services and techniques for environment; 3. action towards a durable development

  16. Commercial statistical bulletin of the Brazilian electric utility Centrais Eletricas de Santa Catarina S.A; Boletim estatistico comercial da CELESC: Centrais Eletricas de Santa Catarina S.A

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-04-01

    Statistical data concerning the Brazilian Centrais Eletricas de Santa Catarina S.A. utility relative to April 1996 are presented. They include, among other things, electricity consumption, number and class of consumers and electricity rates 6 figs., 50 tabs.

  17. Corporate governance and efficiency in the Electricity Sector using Data Envelopment Analysis: a study in the brazilian stock market DOI: 10.5007/2175-8077.2011v13n31p161

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Maciel Peixoto

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Different Corporate Governance mechanisms have been suggested to minimize agency problems between managers and shareholders, and between controlling and minority shareholders. The aim of this study is to analyze the corporate governance mechanisms result in greater efficiency for Brazilian stock companies in the electricity sector, in 2007-2009. The hypothesis to be verified is that the lower the voting concentration   and the dependence of the council, and the greater the cash flow concentration, the greater the performance of the company will be. The analyzed sample involved thirty-three companies, fourteen being classified into one of the levels of CG (Level 1, Level 2 or New Market and the remainder being members of the traditional market. To measure the efficiency of the companies, the non-parametric DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis method was used, and to relate the efficiency with the governance variables, we adopted regression analysis of panel data. The results demonstrated that the use of CG mechanisms positively influences business efficiency, but not in the expected magnitude. It was found that the cash flow concentration is positively related to the efficiency of firms, supporting the governance literature. For future work, the use of other input and output variables is suggested.

  18. How the largest electric and gas utility companies administer public relations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bogart, J.D.

    1979-04-12

    This article describes the findings of a survey conducted by the author in the second half of 1978 to determine the sizes of the public relations staffs of the nation's largest operating electric and gas utilities, their budgets, organizational differences, and specific functions. Common public relations issues and major public relations problems of the utilities are identified, as well as recent trends or changes in budgeting and organization. Some functional variations of public relations departments among utility companies were detected and described.

  19. The adaptation of the electric power companies to the power market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the challenges met by the Norwegian electric power companies in adapting to a more market oriented business and their possibilities and strategies when facing the uncertainties on the market side. The main principles of adaptation to the market are described and various strategies are illustrated by means of simple calculations and figures. The theoretical basis for analyses of adaptation to the market and for pricing period contracts and options are discussed. The report concludes with a discussion of the de-regulation of the North American gas market and draws parallels to the Norwegian power market. 17 figs

  20. Successful diversification strategies of electricity companies: An explorative empirical study on the success of different diversification strategies of German electricity companies in the wake of the European market liberalization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the EC directive 96/92, the liberalization of electricity markets is forcing electricity companies, to rethink their product and market strategy. However, neither the level of the initiated diversification efforts of former monopolies, nor their direction or their success are known or have been analyzed before. Therefore, Mueller [2006. Diversifikationsstrategien von Stromversorgungsunternehmen: Handlungsempfehlungen fuer schweizerische Stromversorgungsunternehmen auf der Basis einer empirischen Analyse des liberalisierten deutschen Strommarktes. IIMT University Press, Fribourg] has quantitatively determined the extent and direction of the diversification efforts in the electricity sector. Additionally, based on an exploratory case study research, successful diversification strategies have been identified and incorporated into 73 observations which form the basis of a set of normative recommendations for diversifying electricity companies. Since the analyses are based on the German electricity market, which fully liberalized earlier than most of its continental European counterparts, the results may especially guide other European electricity companies in their strategic diversification decisions. This paper publishes both the quantitative analysis on the degree and extents of diversification (sample time frame 1995-2000) as well as the qualitative analysis on the success of diversification strategies (sample time frame 1995-2003). Additionally, based on the obtained explorative observations, the diversification strategy of an idealized-electricity company is firstly presented for practitioners as normative recommendation, and secondly for academics, as starting point for future quantitative analysis framework

  1. [Tampa Electric Company IGCC project]. 1996 DOE annual technical report, January--December 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station Unit 1 (PPS-1) Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) demonstration project uses a Texaco pressurized, oxygen-blown, entrained-flow coal gasifier to convert approximately 2,000 tons per day of coal to syngas. The gasification plant is coupled with a combined cycle power block to produce a net 250 MW electrical power output. Coal is slurried in water, combined with 95% pure oxygen from an air separation unit, and sent to the gasifier to produce a high temperature, high pressure, medium-Btu syngas with a heat content of about 250 BTUs/cf (HHV). The syngas then flows through a high temperature heat recovery unit which cools the syngas prior to its entering the cleanup systems. Molten coal ash flows from the bottom of the high temperature heat recovery unit into a water-filled quench chamber where it solidifies into a marketable slag by-product. Approximately 10% of the raw, hot syngas at 900 F is designed to pass through an intermittently moving bed of metal-oxide sorbent which removes sulfur-bearing compounds from the syngas. PPS-1 will be the first unit in the world to demonstrate this advanced metal oxide hot gas desulfurization technology on a commercial unit. The emphasis during 1996 centered around start-up activities.

  2. Estratégias de customização em massa implementadas por empresas brasileiras Strategies of mass customization accomplished by brazilian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Gustavo Carvalho Machado

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é analisar as estratégias de customização em massa implementadas por empresas brasileiras. Neste sentido, a estratégia de pesquisa adotada foi de estudo de casos múltiplos, empreendido em quinze empresas, abrangendo nove diferentes divisões de atividades econômicas. A entrevista foi a principal técnica de coleta de dados. A análise dos dados, por seu turno, ocorreu em dois estágios: análise individual e análise cruzada dos casos. Ao se analisar as ações empreendidas no processo de customização dos produtos e serviços das empresas selecionadas, constatou-se que duas estratégias se destacaram: modularidade e postergação da manufatura. Ademais, evidenciou-se que a maioria das empresas executa suas atividades de customização em diferentes estágios da cadeia de valor, oferecendo, pelo menos, dois níveis de customização para o mercado. Foi também elaborado um continuum, representando as diferenças entre o grau de customização de cada empresa analisada.The objective of this paper is the analysis of the strategies of mass customization accomplished by Brazilian companies. Therefore, the research strategy adopted was a multiple-case study, which was undertaken in fifteen companies, comprising ten different divisions of economic activities. Interviews were the main technique for collecting data. The analysis of data, in its turn, took place in two phases: within-case analysis and cross-case analysis. When analyzing the actions undertaken in the customization process of the products and services of the selected companies, it was verified that two strategies stood out: modularity and manufacturing postponement. Furthermore, it was proved that most companies carry out their customization activities in different stages of the value chain, offering the market two customization levels, at least. A continuum was also developed, representing the differences among the degrees of customization of each analyzed

  3. The evolution and main determinants of productivity in Brazilian electricity distribution 1998-2005. An empirical analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos-Real, Francisco Javier [Fac. CC. Economicas y Empresariales e IUDR - Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), Programa de investigacion Energia y Cambio Climatico Fedea-Abengoa (Spain); Tovar, Beatriz [Dpto. de Analisis Economico Aplicado y EIT - Universidad las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain); Iootty, Mariana [UFRRJ Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); De Almeida, Edmar Fagundes; Pinto, Helder Queiroz Jr. [IE-UFRJ Instituto de Economia - Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

    2009-03-15

    This paper estimates changes in the productivity of the Brazilian electricity distribution sector using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) on a panel of 18 firms from 1998 to 2005. The study decomposes the productivity change of these distribution firms in terms of technical efficiency, scale-efficiency and technical progress. This exercise aims to help the understanding of the main determinants of the evolution of productivity, focusing its relationship with the restructuring process implemented in the 1990s. TFP index records a yearly positive growth rate of 1.3% in the whole period under analysis for all firms. Technical change was the main component behind this evolution, with an average growth of 2.1% per year, while technical efficiency presented a yearly negative performance of - 0.8%. The results prove that, in general terms, the incentives generated in the reform process do not seem to have led the firms to behave in a more efficient manner. (author)

  4. Optimization of portfolio of contracts for companies of electric power generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Portfolio optimization is a technique widely used to select investments in economic and financial zones. In the Brazilian Electric Market the portfolio models must consider not only different types of contracts used in the free market, but also different types of markets: the free market, the captive market and the spot market. Normally, the question is knowing which proportion of energy should be sold in each market, in order to maximize the return and minimize the risk. This article deals with a problem from the point of view of a power generator, where their objective is to maximize its profit, to serve their obligations regarding the delivery of energy and minimizing the risk associated with the occurrence of Spot Price - minimum (Spot Price). It is considered that the generator has flexible contracts and inflexible contracts to sell the energy. Inflexible contracts have delivery obligations of fixed energy and flexible contracts allow, the holder of the flexibility, to deliver or to receive an amount of variable energy. In this case, the holder of flexibility may be the purchaser or the generator. (author)

  5. Storm time equatorial plasma bubble zonal drift reversal due to disturbance Hall electric field over the Brazilian region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, A. M.; Abdu, M. A.; Souza, J. R.; Sobral, J. H. A.; Batista, I. S.; Denardini, C. M.

    2016-06-01

    The dynamics of equatorial ionospheric plasma bubbles over Brazilian sector during two magnetic storm events are investigated in this work. The observations were made at varying phases of magnetic disturbances when the bubble zonal drift velocity was found to reverse westward from its normally eastward velocity. Calculation of the zonal drift based on a realistic low-latitude ionosphere modeled by the Sheffield University Plasmasphere-Ionosphere Model showed on a quantitative basis a clear competition between vertical Hall electric field and disturbance zonal winds on the variations observed in the zonal velocity of the plasma bubble. The Hall electric field arising from enhanced ratio of field line-integrated conductivities, ΣH/ΣP, is most often generated by an increase in the integrated Hall conductivity, arising from enhanced energetic particle precipitation in the South American Magnetic Anomaly region for which evidence is provided from observation of anomalous sporadic E layers over Cachoeira Paulista and Fortaleza. Such sporadic E layers are also by themselves evidence for the development of the Hall electric field that modifies the zonal drift.

  6. The convergence of the natural gas industry and electric power industry: the Brazilian case; Convergencia entre a industria do gas natural e a industria de energia eletrica: o caso brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Almeida, Jose Ricardo Uchoa Cavalcanti [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE). Programa de Planejamento Energetico

    2008-07-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to analyze the convergence between power (electric sector) and natural gas industries in Brazil. It also shows how this convergence happens in the USA market and its applicability in the Brazilian market. At the end some conclusions and suggestions are presented to satisfy the Brazilian market, which behaves in a different way as the USA market, i.e. the Brazilian market does not follow seasonal pattern but an aleatory pattern in thermoelectric plants. (author)

  7. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HIERARCHICAL LEVELS AND THE COMPETITIVENESS IN EMPLOYEES’ VIEWS IN A UNIT OF A BRAZILIAN METALLURGICAL COMPANY.

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Fernandes Barreto; Djair Picchiai

    2013-01-01

    The market competition leads companies to develop strategic plans. The challenge is to deploy a plan and commit employees in carrying out actions aligned to the goals and to hierarchical levels. This research reveals the management model used in a business unit of a metallurgical industry and the relationship between its hierarchical levels. In order to reach our goals, an evaluation tool called flexible organizational model developed by Mendes (2002) was used. We applied a questionnaire Like...

  8. POSSIBILITIES OF APPLYING THE DEA METHOD IN THE ASSESSMENT OF EFFICIENCY OF COMPANIES IN THE ELECTRIC POWER INDUSTRY: REVIEW OF WIND ENERGY COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario Maradin

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the fundamental tasks of modern power system is finding ways to produce stable and continuous electricity from scarce energy resources. One of the possible solutions is introduction, implementation and improvement of alternative forms of energy such as renewable energy sources, particularly wind energy as an increasingly important energy source which is expected to further increase its share in total electricity production. Numerous methods can be used in assessing the efficiency of wind energy companies, and in the focus of this research is the Data Envelopment Analysis method (DEA, a widely accepted methodology given its interdisciplinary approach and flexibility. This method represents a step forward in the field of renewable energy management, because it provides the possibility to compare the selected companies with the best in the industry (the most efficient and the possibility of determining sources of inefficiency and, consequently, the possibilities of their elimination.

  9. Custos operacionais eficientes das distribuidoras de energia elétrica: um estudo comparativo dos modelos DEA e SFA The cost efficiency of the Brazilian electricity distribution utilities: a comparative study with DEA and SFA models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Vinicius Pereira de Souza

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta medidas de eficiência para 40 distribuidoras de energia elétrica que operam no setor elétrico brasileiro. As medidas foram obtidas por modelos de análise envoltória de dados (DEA e modelos de fronteira estocástica (SFA, duas técnicas que podem mitigar a assimetria de informação e aprimorar a habilidade do agente regulador comparar os desempenhos das distribuidoras, requisitos fundamentais em esquemas de regulação incentivada. As duas abordagens são apresentadas e os resultados obtidos pelos diferentes modelos são comparados.This paper shows the efficiency measurements of 40 Brazilian electricity distribution companies. The efficiency scores are obtained using the data envelopment analysis (DEA and stochastic frontier analysis (SFA models, techniques that can reduce the information asymmetry and improve the regulator skills to compare the performance of the electricity companies, which are fundamental aspects of regulatory regimes. The two approaches are described, and the main results obtained from the different models are compared.

  10. Demand Forecast at the Foodstuff Retail Segment: a Strategic Sustainability Tool at a Small-Sized Brazilian Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudimar Pereira Da Veiga

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Demand forecasting plays an increasingly relevant role within competitive and globalized marketplaces, in as much as operations planning and subsequent transition into a sustainable chain of supplies, is concerned. To this effect, the purpose of this study is to present the application of demand forecasting as a strategic sustainability tool at a Brazilian SME. Therefore, this is a descriptive, ex-post facto and cross-cut, sectional time case study, which employs qualitative and historical quantitative and direct observational data and that utilizes, as both indicators of the level of service offered to consumers and of opportunity costs the artificial neural networks model and fill-rates, for demand forecasting and response purposes. The study further established cause-effect relationships between prediction accuracy, demand responsiveness and process-resulting economic, environmental and social performances. Findings additionally concurred with both widely acknowledged sustainability concepts - NRBV (Natural-Resource-Based View and 3BL (Triple Bottom Line - by demonstrating that demand forecasts ensure the efficient use of resources, improvements in customer responsiveness and also mitigate supply chain stock out and overstock losses. Further to the mentioned economic benefit, demand forecasting additionally reduced the amount of waste that arises from retail product shelf-life expiration, improving the addressing of demand itself and of customer satisfaction, thus driving consequent environmental and social gains.

  11. Analysis of constraints to the introduction of LNG plants in the Brazilian electric sector; Analise dos condicionantes para a introducao de plantas a GNL no setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cortes, Tatiane Moraes Pestana

    2010-03-15

    This work aims analyze the constraints to the introduction of LNG in the Brazilian energy matrix. Therefore, considers the current regulatory framework and the investments recently made by PETROBRAS to acquire LNG in the international market in order to supply power plants in the country. In order to assess the current status of the LNG plants in the electricity sector, factors are analyzed in terms of the natural gas industry and electric power industry, such as: storage, LNG contracts, operating dispatch, LNG plants pricing and operational flexibility. Despite the increase in LNG international trade and the prospect of using this product in Brazil, there are some challenges for the effective use of LNG plants by Brazilian electric sector. Some of the challenges are the need to review the methodology of calculating the cost benefit of LNG power plants. Another important challenge is to examine the use of underground storage and its influence in the operating dispatch of LNG plants. (author)

  12. Vacuum education courses at the General Electric Company's Neutron Devices Department, St. Petersburg, Florida

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vacuum Technology has, from the beginning, played a key role in the production of the Department's products at the General Electric Company's Neutron Devices Department (GEND). Early recognition was given to the need for vacuum education and training for producing and maintaining vacuums to meet departmental objectives. The vacuum courses taught at GEND are described. These include basic Vacuum Technology, Advanced Vacuum Technology, and specialized vacuum related courses. Course offering rationale, outlines of subject matter covered and criteria for measuring effectiveness will be presented for each course. Such vacuum technology related courses have resulted in improved GEND product quality and in reducing losses and production cost. At the same time, these courses have given participating employees career motivation for fulfilling more challenging vacuum technology job related positions and have enabled them to achieve upward mobility in the Department's work force

  13. AN EXCEPTIONAL PUBLIC COMPANY WITHIN A SOCIAL DEMOCRACY IN CRISIS: THE COSTA RICAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Chavez

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an analysis of the economic policy of energy in Costa Rica and of the exceptional role which the Costa Rican Institute of Electricity (ICE – the company responsible for the provision of energy and telecommunications – has historically held in shaping the national identity. The basic assumption is that the institutional profile of the ICE, as well as its evolution and impact on development have been shaped by very specific political, social and economic conditions which are difficult to replicate in other developing countries in the South. It is specifically argued that, since its foundation in 1949, ICE has become one of the cornerstones of a peculiar kind of welfare state and of a solidarity model for development which is listed among the most advanced in the world in terms of social progress.

  14. Cost structure analysis of commercial nuclear power plants in Japan based on corporate financial statements of electric utility companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we analyze past and current cost structure of commercial nuclear power plants in Japan based on annual corporate financial statements published by the Japanese electric utility companies, instead of employing the conventional methodology of evaluating the generation cost for a newly constructed model plant. The result of our study on existing commercial nuclear plants reveals the increasing significance of O and M and fuel cycle costs in total generation cost. Thus, it is suggested that electric power companies should take more efforts to reduce these costs in order to maintain the competitiveness of nuclear power in Japan. (author)

  15. Wetlands mitigation: Partnership between an electric power company and a federal wildlife refuge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Matthew C.; Sibrel, Cynthia B.; Gough, Gregory A.

    1996-11-01

    Nine hectares (23 acres) of a degraded section of Patuxent Research Refuge in Laurel, Maryland, USA, were converted to wetland habitat by the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company in 1994. The wetlands were created as mitigation for 5.7 ha (14 acres) of wetlands that were impacted as part of the construction of an 8.5-km (5.3-mile) 500-kV overhead transmission line on the refuge. The area consists of a created forested wetland of 5.5 ha (13.5 acres), a seasonally inundated green-tree reservoir of 7.6 ha (6.5 acres), and an impounded pond wetland of 1.2 ha (3 acres). Construction included the planting of 6131 trees, 4276 shrubs, and 15,102 emergent plants. Part of the site has been studied intensively since completion and survival of trees and shrubs after two years was 88%. Measurements of these transplants have shown growth greater than on other created sites in Maryland. Grasses and other herbaceous vegetation were dominant plants in the meter-square plots in the first two years of sampling of the created forested wetland. Wildlife surveys for birds, mammals, amphibians, and reptiles have revealed diverse communities. Although these communities represent species consistent with open habitat, more typical forest species should colonize the area as it undergoes succession into a more mature forested wetland. The creation, management, and research of this mitigation site represents an excellent example of a partnership between a private electric power company and a federal wildlife refuge. This partnership has increased local biodiversity and improved regional water quality of the Patuxent River and the Chesapeake Bay.

  16. The new research centre of the Brazilian Petroleum Company in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: The achievements in the thermal performance of air-conditioned buildings in the tropics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brandao, Rafael; Marcondes, Monica Pereira; De Benedetto, Gisele S.; Goncalves, Joana Carla Soares; Duarte, Denise Helena Silva; Ramos, Jose Ovidio [Laboratorio de Conforto Ambiental e Eficiencia Energetica (LABAUT), Departamento de Tecnologia da Arquitetura (AUT), Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo, Universidade de Sao Paulo (FAUUSP), Sao Paulo, Brasil, Rua do Lago, 876, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The study on the thermal performance of the air-conditioned buildings of the new research centre of the Brazilian Petroleum Company, in the tropical climate of Rio de Janeiro, was part of a bigger research and consultancy project involving environmental issues. The architectural design was the subject of a national competition in 2004, encompassing over 100,000 m{sup 2}. According to the design brief, out of the 10 buildings of the new research centre, 7 have to be either completely or partially air-conditioned, due to specific occupation requirements. The challenge for better thermal performance was related to systems' energy efficiency, to the introduction of natural ventilation and to the notion of adaptive comfort, which were verified with the support of thermal dynamic simulations. At the early stages of the assessments, the potential for natural ventilation in the working spaces considering the mixed-mode strategy achieved 30% of occupation hours. However, the development of the design project led to fully air-conditioned working spaces, due to users' references regarding the conventional culture of the office environment. Nevertheless, the overall architectural approach in accordance to the climatic conditions still showed a contribution to the buildings' energy efficiency. (author)

  17. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HIERARCHICAL LEVELS AND THE COMPETITIVENESS IN EMPLOYEES’ VIEWS IN A UNIT OF A BRAZILIAN METALLURGICAL COMPANY.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Fernandes Barreto

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The market competition leads companies to develop strategic plans. The challenge is to deploy a plan and commit employees in carrying out actions aligned to the goals and to hierarchical levels. This research reveals the management model used in a business unit of a metallurgical industry and the relationship between its hierarchical levels. In order to reach our goals, an evaluation tool called flexible organizational model developed by Mendes (2002 was used. We applied a questionnaire Likert type scale of five - response numbered one represented total disagreement and number five, total agreement. We calculated the median level of agreement on the Likert scale and the degree of agreement and disagreement through dichotomization of the data. The study found a high degree of concordance with flexible organizational model applied to this business unit. It also confirmed the leveling between the hierarchical levels studied, as elements of increased competitiveness in the perception of respondents.

  18. Using of electric power auctions in the Brazilian energy sector; A utilizacao de leiloes de energia eletrica no setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Almeida, Luis Henrique Bassi [Agencia Nacional de Energia Eletrica (ANEEL), Brasilia, DF (Brazil)]. E-mail: lhbassi@aneel.gov.br; Camargo, Ivan Marques de Toledo [Universidade de Brasilia (UnB), DF (Brazil)]. E-mail: ivancamargo@unb.br

    2006-07-01

    The Brazilian power industry has undergone fundamental institutional changes in order to introduce competition in generation segment by allowing more flexibility to the electricity trading arrangements since mid 90. These reforms were aimed at increasing economic efficiency and both cost and energy price reduction. The restructuring process requested a highly complex legal framework in order to: ensure the necessary investments for the expansion of power infrastructure; stimulate the participation of private capital; and guarantee power supply adequacy at desired safety and reliability levels. The electricity rationing, occurred in 2001, was a result of: lack of investments, growing demand and supply vulnerability to adverse hydrological shocks. As a consequence, the Brazilian Government initiated a wide debate concerning the loopholes in the implanted model as well as the improvements needed to be adopted. The refinement of the electricity trading arrangements is an important aspect of the electric sector model revitalization. It resulted in the implantation of energy auctions aiming at increasing transactions transparency as well as establishing a long run energy price market reference and promoting market efficiency and competition. This paper analyses the implementation of energy auctions as a mechanism for trading power purchase agreements in the long term. It also discusses the Brazilian power industry restructuring process, in the face of the distribution utilities' obligation to purchase power for their captive customers. (author)

  19. Report of the Economy, Sustainable Development and Land Planning Commission aiming at authorizing electricity final user and small companies to go back to the electricity regulated price

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report first presents the French regulated price system by recalling the legal bases for electricity and natural gas pricing, and by describing the progressive process of the electricity and natural gas market opening in France. It outlines that a reversibility principle has been introduced along with regulated pricing in most of the European Union countries. It also comments the complexity created on this issue by successive laws in France, the consequences of the soon coming law on the new organization of the electricity market. Then, the report comments the proposition which aims at authorizing electricity household users and small companies to go back to the regulated electricity price, thereby perpetuating the reversibility principle, while maintaining a criterion of installed electricity power, including natural gas prices and new consumption sites. A table proposes a comparison between existing texts, the present law project and this Commission proposition

  20. Implications of the el-metallurgic companies on electricity sector in Republic of Macedonia and possibilities of their adjustment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper is presented analysis of implications of the el-metallurgic companies on electricity sector in Republic of Macedonia. For this analysis have been using data of realized production and consumption. As a results of this analysis are presented possibilities of adjustment of their own consumption with the aim of positive financing effects. (Author)

  1. 75 FR 67784 - STP Nuclear Operating Company South Texas Project Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-03

    ... Water Act Section 402(p) Texas Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (TPDES) general permit for... surface water quality. BMPs would be ] described in a Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) that... COMMISSION STP Nuclear Operating Company South Texas Project Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and...

  2. 75 FR 75704 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company (Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 And 2); Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION Pacific Gas and Electric Company (Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 And 2); Notice of Appointment of Adjudicatory Employee Commissioners: Gregory B. Jaczko, Chairman; Kristine L. Svinicki;...

  3. 78 FR 48203 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Humboldt Bay Power Plant, Unit 3, Notice of Public Meeting on...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-07

    ... COMMISSION Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Humboldt Bay Power Plant, Unit 3, Notice of Public Meeting on... the NRC staff will conduct a meeting to discuss and accept public comments on the Humboldt Bay Power... decommissioning commenced in May 2009. Following the start of a new power generation facility in 2010,...

  4. 78 FR 49784 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Humboldt Bay Power Plant, Unit 3, Notice of Public Meeting on...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-15

    ... COMMISSION Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Humboldt Bay Power Plant, Unit 3, Notice of Public Meeting on... (NRC) is correcting a notice that was published in the Federal Register on August 7, 2013 (78 FR 48203... comments on the Humboldt Bay Power Plant, Unit 3, License Termination Plan. This document is necessary...

  5. Institutional Governance Framework for Determining Carbon-related Accounting Practices: An Exploratory Study of Electricity Generating Companies in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alrazi, B.; Mat Husin, N.

    2016-03-01

    Electricity industry is the major contributor of the global carbon emissions which has been scientifically identified as the main cause of climate change. With the various initiatives being implemented at the international, national, and industry levels, companies in the electricity industry are currently facing immense pressure from various stakeholders to demonstrate their policies, initiatives, targets, and performance on climate change. Against this background, accounting system is argued to be able to be play important roles in combating climate change. Using institutional governance as the underlying framework, we have identified several governance mechanisms as the determining factors for companies to have a systematic accounting system related to carbon emissions. The factors include environmental management system certification, environmental organization, publication of stand-alone sustainability reports, the use of GRI guidelines, environmental strategic planning, governance quality, and participation in CDP surveys and emissions trading scheme. We explored this issue in the context of major electricity generating companies in Malaysia and found that except for certified environmental management system, the other governance mechanisms are still lacking. The findings suggest that companies in Malaysia, in particular, from the electricity industry are not well prepared in facing risks related to climate change.

  6. 75 FR 63167 - San Diego Gas and Electric Company v. Sellers of Energy and Ancillary Services Into Markets...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission San Diego Gas and Electric Company v. Sellers of Energy and Ancillary Services Into Markets Operated by the California Independent System Operator Corporation and the...

  7. Relative Pricing of Publicly Traded U.S. Electric Utility Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jewczyn, Nicholas Stephen

    In the financial turmoil of 2008, U.S. firms reported debt-ratios that differed from the debt-ratios calculated from balance sheets. The problem is that investors bought common stock expecting initial investment return and lost money when companies delisted. The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine sample securities pricing with the application of synthetic assets and debt accrued. Addressed in the research questions was whether those securities were (a) underpriced compared with return-on-assets (ROA), (b) overpriced compared with ROA, (c) a debt-ratio higher than 60% and also overpriced, (d) underpriced with a synthetic asset added, or (e) related by relative pricing to variant pricing and market capitalization. The study's base theory was Pan's efficient market hypothesis (EMH) of security price prediction of market prices versus model prices. The data from the financial statements of 16 publicly traded U.S. electric utility companies were analyzed via correlations and multiple regression analyses to determine securities pricing and suitability. The findings from the analyses of the sample's variables of market price, book value, market-to-book, and study constructed variables from those variable data were statistically significant. The alternate hypotheses were accepted for all 5 research questions since the analytical operationalization of the hypothetical constructs led to significant relationships. Results suggest that the use of more pricing determinants in securities evaluation may lead to investors losing less money and earning the expected returns for a more efficient capital market, leading to a stronger economy and macroeconomic stability.

  8. The structural changes in the brazilian electric sector and the utilities strategic management; A restruturacao do setor eletrico brasileiro e o gerenciamento estrategico das empresas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lotero, Roberto C.; Santana, Edvaldo Alves de [Santa Catarina Univ., Florianopolis, SC (Brazil). Programa de Pos-graduacao em Engenharia de Producao e Sistemas

    1998-12-31

    The objective of this paper is to show structural and market changes in brazilian electric sector and their implications on new business environment. Factors that will affect power utilities are pointed out and how they should be thoughtful in new model. Is pointed out the strategic change as a mean for utility optimization in efficiency and comparative advantage search. (author) 11 refs.; e-mail: rcl at eps.ufsc.br

  9. The Use of Intermediate Management Balances as a Performance Management Tool in Electricity Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaela DUMITRU; Marian TAICU; Gheorghe SAVOIU

    2014-01-01

    Starting from the assumption that the company is a place where material chances take place, and inputs thus become outputs, in the countries that use the continental accounting system, comparisons in time and space concerning the company results are made based on intermediate balances of administration. The analysis of the company performance based on intermediate balances of administration makes it possible to highlight the manner in which value is created and transferred within the company....

  10. Electric Substations, This is a ESRI feature class of American Transmission Company's Rock County electrical sub station sites, Published in 2006, Rock County Planning, Economic, and Community Development Agency.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Electric Substations dataset as of 2006. It is described as 'This is a ESRI feature class of American Transmission Company's Rock County electrical sub station...

  11. The Corporate Governance of Privately Controlled Brazilian Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Érica C. R. Gorga; Antonio Gledson de Carvalho; Bernard S. Black

    2009-01-01

    We provide an overview of the corporate governance practices of Brazilian public companies, based primarily on an extensive 2005 survey of 116 companies. We focus on the 88 responding Brazilian private firms which are not majority owned by the state or a foreign company. We identify areas where Brazilian corporate governance is relatively strong and weak. Board independence is an area of weakness: The boards of most Brazilian private firms are comprised entirely or almost entirely of insiders...

  12. Sleep problems in white-collar male workers in an electric equipment manufacturing company in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakata, A; Haratani, T; Kawakami, N; Miki, A; Kurabayashi, L; Shimizu, H

    2000-01-01

    In order to clarify poor sleep habits and prevalence in sleep problems (disturbances) of healthy male white-collar workers and the relationship of these to age and job type, a total of 1,161 Japanese employees of an electric equipment manufacturing company (aged 23 to 59, mean 37 years) were surveyed by means of a mailed questionnaire. The workers were asked about eleven sleep habits. They were also divided into four groups according to age and job type: 23-29 (n = 226), 30-39 (n = 597), 40-49 (n = 225) and 50-59 (n = 113); managerial (n = 209), professional (n = 336), technical (n = 475) and clerical (n = 134). In this study, the sleep problems were defined as who had at least one of the following four poor sleep habits: 1) taking more than 30 minutes to fall asleep, 2) awakening during sleep (ADS) almost every day, 3) early morning awakening (EMA) almost every day, and 4) excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) at work almost every day. Analyses showed that sleep problems were present in 26.0% of workers; the problems were most serious among workers aged 50 years and more (36.0%) which may be due to a significant increase in the prevalence rate of EMA. The results revealed that sleep problems are common in male white-collar daytime workers. The findings also suggest a need for increased attention to sleep problems in older workers and younger ones with EDS at work.

  13. Creating a business environment in inventory management - The Philadelphia Electric Company experiences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Philadelphia Electric Company's (PECo's) Nuclear Engineering and Services Department was asked to develop a (non-fuel) inventory management philosophy that will optimize inventory dollars at Peach Bottom atomic power station and Limerick generating station. The ultimate goal of the project is to maximize the potential for the correct parts being available at the lowest possible level of investment. There are many factors that make the management of maintenance, repair, and operating (MRO) supply inventories more complicated than managing finished goods, work-in-progress, or raw materials. Determining correct inventory levels for nuclear power plants is complicated by the irregular demand for spare parts and the cyclic nature of demand caused by refueling outages. Based on the information collected, it was determined that PECo's nuclear group needed to develop policies and strategies to address the following issues: (1) inventory classification based on part criticality, usage, and demand forecast; (2) item level ordering policies based on classification system; (3) inventory performance management; and (4) management of obsolete/surplus parts. Currently, policies are being developed to manage surplus and obsolete materials. Opportunities are being explored regarding the potential capitalization of critical components and parts. The policies established for classification, ordering policies, and performance management are being translated into work processes via common procedures and guidelines

  14. NRC [Nuclear Regulatory Commission] staff evaluation of the General Electric Company Nuclear Reactor Study (''Reed Report'')

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1975, the General Electric Company (GE) published a Nuclear Reactor Study, also referred to as ''the Reed Report,'' an internal product-improvement study. GE considered the document ''proprietary'' and thus, under the regulations of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), exempt from mandatory public disclosure. Nonetheless, members of the NRC staff reviewed the document in 1976 and determined that it did not raise any significant new safety issues. The staff also reached the same conclusion in subsequent reviews. However, in response to recent inquiries about the report, the staff reevaluated the Reed Report from a 1987 perspective. This re-evaluation, documented in this staff report, concluded that: (1) there are no issues raised in the Reed Report that support a need to curtail the operation of any GE boiling water reactor (BWR); (2) there are no new safety issues raised in the Reed Report of which the staff was unaware; and (3) although certain issues addressed by the Reed Report are still being studied by the NRC and the industry, there is no basis for suspending licensing and operation of GE BWR plants while these issues are being resolved

  15. Project of law modified by the Senate relative to the electric and gas public utilities and to the electric and gas companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project of law aims to adapt the electricity and gas sector to the new economical context of opening of the energy markets to competition. It gives to energy companies the internal organization base necessary to warrant a high level of service and a transparent and non-discriminatory access of third parties to transport and distribution networks. These evolutions will allow Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) companies to compete on equal terms with their European competitors. It confirms first the prime role of public utility of both companies and then transposes the dispositions of the European directives relative to the organization of EdF and GdF integrated companies. It foresees the creation of two daughter companies for the management of energy transport activities. The project of law foresees also the change of the status of EdF and GdF companies and the reform of the retirement pensions of the personnel. This report presents the modifications added by the Senate to the text of law adopted at first reading by the House of Commons. (J.S.)

  16. Influence of financial crisis in new investments international Brazilian electric sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vela, Jorge Alcala; Cantuaria, Andre Luis

    2010-09-15

    Electricity sector in addition to being a public utility, requires a substantial investment, explore natural resources and the basis of all production chains and consumption of our society. In conclusion, the econometric model used to study the investment to 2010 by Eletrobras meets a correlation acceptable. So a well dependence exists between power and investment in the projects selected. The lack of sophistication and low level of development in credit derivatives financial systems in Brazil, both as a healthy situation of the accounts and balance sheets, due to bitter experience in past crises are allowing a better resistance now.

  17. Integration of wind power plants into the electric system. The Brazilian experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arteiro, Francisco; Gomes, Paulo [Operador Nacional do Sistema Eletrico (ONS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    shut off during disturbances which provoke underfrequency ortvoltage sags, as well as the calculation of the spinning reserve, are examples of the challenges to be faced in this new environment. If wind power generators are disconnected from the grid during system disturbances, it is clear that system security will be degraded. The bigger wind penetration degree is, the more important it is to assess the system dynamic performance in details. In other words, under normal conditions, 6he objective is to operate the system as economically as possible with sufficient security margin, and all system variables within acceptable limits. When a disturbance occurs and abnormal conditions develop, the objective is to minimize the impact of the disturbance and to restore normal conditions as quickly as possible. In order to assure the system operation as economically as possible with adequate security margin, ONS has been working hard, developing several actions to enable the integration of this new kind of generation with security. This paper describes the Brazilian experience on the integration of this kind of energy source, emphasizing lessons learned and new challenges to be faced. (orig.)

  18. A three-stage short-term electric power planning procedure for a generation company in a liberalized market

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nabona, Narcis; Pages, Adela [Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, 08034 Barcelona (Spain)

    2007-06-15

    In liberalized electricity markets, generation companies bid their hourly generation in order to maximize their profit. The optimization of the generation bids over a short-term weekly period must take into account the action of the competing generation companies and the market-price formation rules and must be coordinated with long-term planning results. This paper presents a three stage optimization process with a data analysis and parameter calculation, a linearized unit commitment, and a nonlinear generation scheduling refinement. Although the procedure has been developed from the experience with the Spanish power market, with minor adaptations it is also applicable to any generation company participating in a competitive market system. (author)

  19. A three-stage short-term electric power planning procedure for a generation company in a liberalized market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In liberalized electricity markets, generation companies bid their hourly generation in order to maximize their profit. The optimization of the generation bids over a short-term weekly period must take into account the action of the competing generation companies and the market-price formation rules and must be coordinated with long-term planning results. This paper presents a three stage optimization process with a data analysis and parameter calculation, a linearized unit commitment, and a nonlinear generation scheduling refinement. Although the procedure has been developed from the experience with the Spanish power market, with minor adaptations it is also applicable to any generation company participating in a competitive market system. (author)

  20. Final report on the accident at Fukushima Nuclear Power Stations of Tokyo Electric Power Company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On March 11, 2011, the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station (hereafter, 'Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS') and Fukushima Dai-ni Nuclear Power Station (hereafter, 'Fukushima Dai-ni NPS') of Tokyo Electric Power Company (hereafter, 'TEPCO') were damaged in the Tohoku District - off the Pacific Ocean Earthquake and the ensuing tsunami. In particular, an extremely severe accident measuring Level 7 on the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES) occurred at the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS. The Investigation Committee was established on May 24, 2011 by a Cabinet decision. Its mission is to make policy recommendations, by investigating and verifying the causes of the accident and ensuing damage, on measures to prevent the further spread of damage caused by the accident and a recurrence of similar accidents in the future. The Investigation Committee inspected the accident sites including the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS and the Fukushima Dai-ni NPS, and interviewed individuals concerned, including the mayors and residents of relevant municipalities. The number of interviewees reached 772 in total. The Investigation Committee published its Interim Report on December 26, 2011 and its Final Report on July 23, 2012. The Final Report, with the Interim Report as its complementary piece, describes mainly the results of investigations after the Interim Report. This Executive Summary is a condensed version of the Final Report, mainly Chapter VI of the main text which analyzes the problems and provides recommendations. The contents of the parenthesis [ ] that follow the title indicate the relevant corresponding locations in the Final Report (Main text). Recommendations are indicated in bold. (author)

  1. Interim report on the accident at Fukushima Nuclear Power Stations of Tokyo Electric Power Company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Investigation Committee on the Accident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Stations (the Investigation Committee) of Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) was established by the Cabinet decision on May 24, 2011. Its objectives are: to conduct investigation for finding out the causes of accidents at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station (Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS) and Fukushima Dai-ni Nuclear Power Station (Fukushima Dai-ni NPS) of TEPCO as well as the causes of accident damage; and to make policy recommendations for limiting the expansion of damage and preventing reoccurrence of similar accidents. The Investigation Committee has conducted its investigation and evaluation since its first meeting on June 7, 2011. Its activities included: site visits to the Fukushima Dai-ichi and Dai-ni NPSs, as well as to other facilities; hearing of heads of local governments around the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS; and hearing of people concerned through interviews mainly arranged by the Secretariat. As of December 16, 2011, the number of interviewees reached 456. The investigation and evaluation by the Investigation Committee are still ongoing and the Interim Report does not cover every item that the Committee aims at investigating and evaluating. Fact-finding of even some of those items discussed in the Interim Report are not yet completed. The Investigation Committee continues to conduct its investigation and evaluation and will issue its Final Report in the summer of 2012. This brief executive summary covers mainly considerations and evaluation of the issues in Chapter VII of the Interim Report, with brief reference to Chapters I to VI. The Investigation Committee recommendations are printed in bold. (author)

  2. Service hall in Number 1 Fukushima Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company, Inc

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are six BWR type nuclear power plants in the Number 1 Fukushima Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company, Inc. The service hall of the station is located near the entrance of the station. In the center of this service hall, there is the model of a nuclear reactor of full scale. This mock-up shows the core region in the reactor pressure vessel for the number one plant. The diameter and the thickness of the pressure vessel are about 5 m and 16 cm, respectively. The fuel assemblies and control rods are set just like the actual reactor, and the start-up operation of the reactor is shown colorfully and dynamically by pushing a button. When the control rods are pulled out, the boiling of water is demonstrated. The 1/50 scale model of the sixth plant with the power generating capacity of 1100 MWe is set, and this model is linked to the mock-up of reactor written above. The operations of a recirculating loop, a turbine and a condenser are shown by switching on and off lamps. The other exhibitions are shielding concrete wall, ECCS model, and many kinds of panels and models. This service hall is incorporated in the course of study and observation of civics. The good environmental effects to fishes and shells are explained in this service hall. Official buildings and schools are built near the service hall utilizing the tax and grant concerning power generation. This service hall contributes to give much freedom from anxiety to the public by the tour. (Nakai, Y.)

  3. 78 FR 58571 - Maine Yankee Atomic Power Company, Connecticut Yankee Atomic Power Company, and The Yankee Atomic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    ... Atomic Power Company, Connecticut Yankee Atomic Power Company, and The Yankee Atomic Electric Company... Power Company (Maine Yankee), Connecticut Yankee Atomic Power Company (Connecticut Yankee), and the Yankee Atomic Electric Company (Yankee Atomic) (together, ``licensees'' or ``the Yankee Companies'')...

  4. Energy R and D in private and state-owned utilities: An analysis of the major world electric companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The last two decades have witnessed a staggering decline of R and D investment in the fields of energy and electricity. This paper contends that this widespread phenomenon is mainly ascribable to the processes of liberalization and privatization of electricity markets, which have induced electric utilities to dramatically reduce R and D expenditures. A closer inspection to recent data concerned with ten major electric companies of the world shows that the drop of research expenditures was particularly strong among the private or newly-privatized companies. Instead, those that remained under public control did not reduce remarkably their R and D efforts. According to the widely recognized need of a surge of energy R and D, the policy implications of the above findings are discussed. - Highlights: ► The last two decades have witnessed a staggering reduction of energy R and D. ► This was due to the liberalization of electricity markets. ► The R and D cuts have been particularly intense in private utilities. ► Instead, state-owned utilities have maintained an adequate research capacity. ► The above market failure is calling for urgent policy measures.

  5. Barriers to electricity load shift in companies: A survey-based exploration of the end-user perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As countries move toward larger shares of renewable electricity, the slow diffusion of active electricity load management should concern energy policy makers and users alike. Active load management can increase capacity factors and thereby reduce the need for new capacity, improve reliability, and lower electricity prices. This paper conceptually and empirically explores barriers to load shift in industry from an end-user perspective. An online survey, based on a taxonomy of barriers developed in the realm of energy efficiency, was carried out among manufacturing sites in mostly Southern Germany. Findings suggest that the most important barriers are risk of disruption of operations, impact on product quality, and uncertainty about cost savings. Of little concern are access to capital, lack of employee skills, and data security. Statistical tests suggest that companies for which electricity has higher strategic value rate financial and regulatory risk higher than smaller ones. Companies with a continuous production process report lower barrier scores than companies using batch or just-in-time production. A principal component analysis clusters the barriers and multivariate analysis with the factor scores confirms the prominence of technical risk as a barrier to load shift. The results provide guidance for policy making and future empirical studies. - Highlights: • We quantitatively assess barriers to load shift adoption among manufacturing firms. • Conceptually, we build on the literature on barriers to energy efficiency. • The most important barriers are interference with production and with product quality. • Companies with a continuous production process report lower barrier scores. • The barriers to load shift may be organized in distinct clusters via principal component analysis

  6. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VARIOUS ASPECTS OF THE ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION COMPANY'S PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMERS' SATISFACTION AS WELL AS THEIR PERCEIVED JUSTICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manouchehr Molaie

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates different dimensions of perceived justice and its relationship with customer satisfaction in Electricity Distribution Company in Ardabil, Iran. Since the electricity distribution company rarely has a face-to-face contact with customers, it is difficult to examine customers' satisfaction through the conventional techniques. Therefore, based on the literature, a questionnaire was developed and distributed among 2395 individuals of diverse groups. By exploratory factor analysis, six different factors of the electricity distribution company's performance which are effective in satisfaction were detected. Finally, these factors' relation to the different dimensions of justice and customer satisfaction was studied. The results indicated that the factors which were the most effective in customers' satisfaction and their perceived justice were the ones related to communication. Regarding some differences in perceived procedural and distributive justice, the announcing factor indicated the highest correlation with customer satisfaction. Accordingly, it may be claimed that a good face-to-face contact has no substitution so far, and one-way communication can only serve its role partially.

  7. Reactor coolant pump type RUV for Westinghouse Electric Company LLC reactor AP1000 TM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The RUV is a reactor coolant pump, specially designed for the Westinghouse Electric Company LLC AP1000 TM reactor. It is a hermetically sealed, wet winding motor pump. The RUV is a very compact, vertical pump/motor unit, designed to fit into the compartment next to the reactor pressure vessel. Each of the two steam generators has two pump casings welded to the channel head by the suction nozzle. The pump/motor unit consists of a pump part, where a semi-axial impeller/diffuser combination is mounted in a one-piece pump casing. Computational Fluid Dynamics methods combined with various hydraulic tests in a 1:2 scale hydraulic test assure full compliance with the specific customer requirements. A short and rigid shaft, supported by a radial bearing, connects the impeller with the high inertia flywheel. This flywheel consists of a one-piece forged stainless steel cylinder, with an option for several smaller heavy metal cylinders inside. The flywheel is located inside the thermal barrier, which forms part of the pressure boundary. A specific arrangement of cooling water circuits guarantees a homogeneous temperature distribution in and around the flywheel, minimizes the friction losses of the flywheel and protects the motor from hot coolant. The driving torque is transmitted by the motor shaft, which itself is supported by two radial bearings. A three-phase, high-voltage squirrel-cage induction motor generates the driving torque. Due to the wet winding concept it is possible to achieve positive effects regarding motor lifetime. The cooling water is forced through the stator windings and the gap between rotor and stator by an auxiliary impeller. Furthermore, this wet winding motor concept has higher efficiency as compared to a canned motor since there are no eddy current losses. As part of the design process and in addition to the hydraulic scale model, a complete half scale model pump was built. It was used to verify the calculations performed like coast

  8. Devolution of HRM Practices: Perspectives of Two Major Japanese Electrical and Electronics Companies in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Abang Ekhsan Abang Othman

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This study examines the devolution of HRM functions, the rationale and problems of such devolution to line management in the context of applications and processes in two major Japanese multinational companies in Malaysia. Design/methodology/approach? - The research used mixed methodology via case studies and questionnaire surveys. Overall 29 questionnaires from two companies were analyzed, a response rate of 58 percent. In addition, the views of the Executive Director, Head of HR, an...

  9. The concurrence safeguard on Brazilian electric power sector and the introduction of the competition; A defesa da concorrencia no setor eletrico brasileiro e a introducao da competicao

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nascimento, Jose Guilherme A. do; Ribeiro Filho, Ary Pinto; Ishihara, Claudio Akio [Agencia Nacinal de Enegia Eletrica (ANEEL), Brasilia, DF (Brazil)

    1999-07-01

    The central issue of debate is the need to align the energy sector's options and organization with changing global patterns of economic and social development, characterized by the increasing role played by the private sector, greater integration in the world economy, and new economic and social priorities such as efficiency, decentralization, deregulation, and a closer attention to environmental issues. In this context, the aim of the work is to introduce the incentive to the competition as government policy instrument for Brazilian electric power sector.

  10. Setting up charging electric stations within residential communities in current China: Gaming of government agencies and property management companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The difficulty of charging electric vehicles (EVs) is now hindering their further development. Governments generally choose to build stations for home charging (including piles) within residential communities. Given the conflict of interest between various government agencies and property management companies, constructing a charging station within residential communities would result in welfare loss for the property management companies and therefore lead to the principal–agent problem. This paper constructs a two-period imperfect information game theory model to study the moral hazard involved in this issue and government agencies' optimal choice. In the analytic solution of the model, we find that the optimal choice for a farsighted government agency is to constantly improve the incentive mechanism and introduce charging stations only when the conflict of interest is eliminated. Any benefits derived from government regulations by force would prove short-lived. The government should focus on long-term returns in the development of EVs, and its optimal mechanism should be designed to mitigate the principal–agent problem of property management companies, thereby accelerate the progress of EV charging infrastructure and improve overall social welfare. - Highlights: • The charging of electric vehicles (EVs) is hindering their use. • A game theory model is used for analysis of EV charging station construction. • Charging stations are in residential communities in China. • Government agencies are constantly improving incentive mechanisms

  11. A Project Strategic Index proposal for portfolio selection in electrical company based on the Analytic Network Process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith-Perera, Aida [Universidad Metropolitana de Caracas, Departamento de Gestion Tecnologica, Caracas 1071, Edo Miranda (Venezuela); Garcia-Melon, Monica; Poveda-Bautista, Rocio; Pastor-Ferrando, Juan-Pascual [Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Departamento de Proyectos de Ingenieria, Camino de vera s/n 46022 Valencia (Spain)

    2010-08-15

    In this paper a new approach to prioritize project portfolio in an efficient and reliable way is presented. It is based on strategic objectives of the company and multicriteria decision methods. The paper introduces a rigorous method with acceptable complexity which seeks to assist managers of a big Electrical Company of Venezuela to distribute the annual budget among the possible improvement actions to be conducted on the electrical network of Caracas. A total of 15 network improvement actions grouped into three clusters according to the strategic objectives of the company have been analyzed using the Project Strategic Index (PSI) proposed. The approach combines the use of the Analytic Network Process (ANP) method with the information obtained from the experts during the decision-making process. The ANP method allows the aggregation of the experts' judgments on each of the indicators used into one Project Strategic Index. In addition, ANP is based on utility ratio functions which are the most appropriate for the analysis of uncertain data, like experts' estimations. Finally, unlike the other multicriteria techniques, ANP allows the decision problem to be modelled using the relationships among dependent criteria. The participating experts coincided in the appreciation that the method proposed in this paper is useful and an improvement from traditional budget distribution techniques. They find the results obtained coherent, the process seems sufficiently rigorous and precise, and the use of resources is significantly less than in other methods. (author)

  12. Energy policy and regional inequalities in the Brazilian economy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this paper is to evaluate the long-run regional impacts of the tariff policy of the Brazilian electric power sector. This sector has undergone a reform process that started in the 1990s. Since the beginning of the reform, two spatial trends of distribution of electric power tariffs have emerged among the Brazilian states, one of convergence and another of spatial divergence. These trends have been guided by the new electric power tariff policy and by the spatial features of the Brazilian economy, which is marked by a high degree of spatial concentration and hierarchical distribution of large markets. In addition, because of the presence of strong economies of scale, the recent electric power prices differentials might be caused by differentials in market size that provide better conditions for the achievement of economies of scale for electric power utility companies located in larger markets. Given the role of electric power as an important intermediate input in the production process and the interdependence between sectors, an Energy Interregional Computable General Equilibrium model was used to simulate the long-run regional impacts of electric power tariff policy in Brazil. The simulations showed that the heterogeneity of energy-intensity and the differentials of energy substitution drive the spatial impacts of changes in electric power prices. On the other hand, the recent trend of spatial dispersion of electric power prices might contribute to a decrease in the long-run economic growth and to an increase in the regional inequalities in Brazil. - Highlights: ► We model the regional impacts of tariff policy of the electric power sector in Brazil. ► High electric power tariffs increases in regions with higher electric-power-intensity. ► Heterogeneity of energy supply determines an unequal pattern of energy substitution. ► Low possibilities of energy substitution generate the most negative economic impacts

  13. Investments in the Brazilian electric sector and the financial crisis; Investimentos no setor eletrico brasileiro e a crise financeira mundial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vela, Jorge Alberto Alcala [Centrais Eletricas Brasileiras (ELETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Gestao de Ativos no Exterior; Oliveira, Andre Luis Cantuaria Cardoso [Centrais Eletricas Brasileiras (ELETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Financas e Investimentos

    2010-07-01

    The electricity sector in addition to being a public utility, requires a substantial investment, explore natural resources and the basis of all production chains and consumption of our society. The dynamics of this sector goes beyond the individual performance of energy companies and will also interfere in matters of political, economic, social and environmental development of nations. The lack of sophistication and low level of development in credit derivatives financial systems in Brazil, both as a healthy situation of the accounts and balance sheets, the fruit of bitter experience in past crises are allowing a better resistance to weather the current crisis. But it is an important trading partner of Brazil, through various business financial economic crises that is affecting the U.S. economy and the world has also affected the economy of our country, but with less intensity. The econometric model used to study the investment to be initiated in 2010 by ELETROBRAS meets a correlation acceptable; this demonstrates that a well dependence exists between power and investment to the projects to be implemented. (author)

  14. The adaptation of the major network companies to the liberalization of the electricity in Europe: comparison between France and Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The liberalization of network activities is a factor which is now topical within France, Europe and the rest of the world. The main economic thinking at the dawn of the 21. century is full of praise for the emergence of heightened competition, which ensures optimal allocation of investments within the electricity industry, brings down prices for the benefit of both minor and major consumers alike, and finally stimulates innovation and creativeness on the part of companies. Curiously, it seems to overlook the fact that the staged introduction of monopolies and the establishment of exclusive rights in favour of certain operators several decades ago offered all of the same economic advantages. In addition to this, it rarely mentions the political and social effects of such changes, as if the latter are the subject of some major consensus within the public opinion. Whatever the circumstances, as a result of globalization, the major electricity network companies have decided either by themselves or following recommendations by the legislators to internationalize and to carry out acquisitions, enhancing market forces which up to the present remained latent. In Europe, this adaptation is not uniform in nature however. It needs to take full account of national and international characteristics regarding the economic and social organisation of the Member States of the European Union, and should certainly not be allowed to sidestep certain democratic requirements and the observance of basic rights other than those related to the freedom to do business. These include respect for the environment, consultation with the social partners within the company and outside, respect for the rights of consumers' and in particular those without any power in the marketplace, not to mention respect for the dignity of those involved in social life. The necessity of reconciling the new opportunities for open competition created through liberalization and respect for basic rights does not seem

  15. The importance of reservoir regularization in the Brazilian electric system; A importancia dos reservatorios de regularizacao no sistema eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Ronaldo Antonio de; Pereira Junior, Amaro Olimpio; Livino, Angela; Moretz-Shon-David, Pedro Americo [Empresa de Pesquisa Energetica (EPE), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)], emails: ronaldo.souza@epe.gov.br, amaro.pereira@epe.gov.br, angela.livino@epe.gov.br, pedro.david@epe.gov.br

    2010-07-01

    This paper presents a quantification of benefits due to reservoirs for the Brazilian power system in terms of system regularization and also in terms of greenhouse gas emission reduction because of the avoided thermal generation. The results have shown losses in firm energy for the power system, requiring other sources for power generation, which represent negatives impacts in terms of greenhouse gas emissions. (author)

  16. Perspectives for rural electrification in the new economic and institutional scenario of the brazilian electric sector; Perspectivas para a eletrificacao rural no novo cenario economico-institucional do setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Luciana Correa de

    2001-03-15

    This thesis discusses the energy deficit in Brazilian rural areas, from the viewpoint of the ongoing reform, which is establishing a new economic and institutional model for the electric sector. The main objective of this inquiry is to reveal the perspectives for the solution of the rural energy problem, by means of a critical examination of the legal and executive initiatives related to the expansion of electric coverage, indicating the priority level of rural electrification within the reform. This analysis infers the need of an innovative reform approach, different from the solutions employed by developed countries, due to peculiar characteristics of the Brazilian case. (author)

  17. The French Electricity Company (EDF) and GEC ALSTHOM have signed the agreement for Chinese Laibin B electric power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    EDF and GEC ALSTHOM together with the government of Chinese Province Guangxi have organized in Pekin on 3 september 1997 a ceremony for signing a BOOT (Build, Own, Operate, Transfer) contract for the Coal Power Plant (2 x 360 MW) at Laibin B. This is the first Chinese BOOT contract in the power domain entirely financed by foreign capital. The two western companies which were retained for this project, following an international call for offers, invest USD 150 million of its own founds in this USD 600 million project. They will hold 60% and 40% of the capital of the company created for this project, respectively. The construction power plant is planned to be completed at the end of 1999 - beginning of 2000. After 15 years of industrial operation the power plant will be transferred to the autonomous government of the Province Guangxi. The communique contains the following 8 files: 1. The Laibin B power plant; 2. Build, Own, Operate, Transfer; 3. The autonomous Guangxi Province; 4. An outline of EDF in China; 5. Profile/activities of GEC ALSTHOM in China; 6. The 'Credit Agricole Indosuez' in China; 7. BZW Barclays PLC; 8. HSBC Investment Banking in China

  18. Communications architecture for an electric company, European utility communications architecture, EURUCA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uuspaeae, P. [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland)

    1998-08-01

    The scope of this research is integration and interoperability of various information systems and data communications for electric utilities. Utility Communication Architecture refers to an overall view of the communications needs and communication systems in an electric utility. The objective is to define and specify suitable and compatible communications procedures within the Utility and also to outside parties

  19. Restructuring of Lithuania's Electricity sector: With Assistance from Danish Powerman AB Lietuvos Energija is to Become a Power Company of Western Type

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Competition can effectively replace regulation by the state and thus to ensure efficiency of electricity economy. Statistical data on electricity generation in Lithuania in 1992-1999 are presented. Description of steps for restructuring of special purpose joint-stock company Lietuvos Energija is given

  20. National Account Energy Alliance Final Report for the Basin Electric Project at Northern Border Pipeline Company's Compressor Station #7, North Dakota

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sweetzer, Richard [Exergy Partners Corp.; Leslie, Neil [Gas Technology Institute

    2008-02-01

    A field research test and verification project was conducted at the recovered energy generation plant at Northern Border Pipeline Company Compressor Station #7 (CS#7) near St. Anthony. Recovered energy generation plant equipment was supplied and installed by ORMAT Technologies, Inc. Basin Electric is purchasing the electricity under a purchase power agreement with an ORMAT subsidiary, which owns and operates the plant.

  1. Devolution of HRM Practices: Perspectives of Two Major Japanese Electrical and Electronics Companies in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abang Ekhsan Abang Othman

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This study examines the devolution of HRM functions, the rationale and problemsof such devolution to line management in the context of applications and processes in two major Japanesemultinational companies in Malaysia.Design/methodology/approach– - The research used mixed methodology via case studies and questionnairesurveys. Overall 29 questionnaires from two companies were analyzed, a response rate of 58 percent.In addition, the views of the Executive Director, Head of HR, and line managers were sought regardingtheir role, involvement and problems of devolvement to line managers.Findings -– Analysis of questionnaire responses and interviews shows that devolution of HRM functionsto the line managers was adopted by both organizations, though their approaches varied in terms ofprocess. The study revealed a high degree of devolution of responsibility to line managers for recruitmentand selection and training and development. The devolution of training and development functions specificallyto a separate department resulted in their increased effectiveness. Extensive participation and a closeworking relationship on HR-related issues between HR managers and line managers jointly contributed tothe effectiveness of the companies’ devolution of HRM functions.Practical implications - Devolution of HRM functions to line management is a growing trend internationally.However, despite the positive outcomes of devolution, the process is never unproblematic.Originality/value –- This study thus builds on the existing literature and also contributes to overcomingthe dearth of empirical research on devolution which has been predominantly Western in context.Furthermore, no study examining devolution of the HRM functions in Malaysia.

  2. The Brazilian electric sector regulation as reference for the hydrogen regulation as energetic vector; A regulacao do setor eletrico brasileiro como referencia para regulacao do hidrogenio como vetor energetico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paternostro, Andre de Goes [Universidade Salvador (UNIFACS), Salvador, BA (Brazil); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado da Bahia (FAPSB), Salvador, BA (Brazil)]. E-mail: apater@hotmail.com

    2008-07-01

    This paper is based on the Brazilian electric sector to outline parallels for introduction of hydrogen as energetic vector in Brazilian matrix. For this purpose it was achieved an analysis of regulation theory, of electric sector reorganization, the new model of energy trade and the NOS role. In face of this analysis, hydrogen regulation may be established through a mix of four models: tariff model by return tax; tariff by marginal cost; regulation by performance and price cap. This new industrial sector should start vertical and with its maturity become non vertical as electric sector after its reorganization. Regarding the market, advanced purchase of hydrogen should be established enabling the reduction of incertitude in trade as well as reduction of implantation costs. NOS should pursue electric energy generation from hydrogen as this may carry impacts in transmission networks as well as in distribution network depending on how hydrogen was generated, whether in large scale or for local consumption supply. (author)

  3. 75 FR 8753 - Carolina Power & Light Company, Brunswick Steam Electric Plant, Units 1 and 2; Environmental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-25

    ... part 73 as discussed in a Federal Register notice dated March 27, 2009 (74 FR 13967). There will be no... Requirements, 74 FR 13926, 13967 (March 27, 2009)). The licensee currently maintains a security system... Electric Plant, Units 1 and 2 (BSEP), located in Brunswick County, North Carolina. In accordance with...

  4. Quantification of optimal electricity cost risk reduction for a South African gold mining company

    OpenAIRE

    Van der Zee, L.F.; Pelzer, R.; Bolt, G.

    2014-01-01

    Electricity cost risks such as carbon tax, ECS and unavoidable tariff increases threaten the financial wellbeing of South African gold mines. Some of these proposed cost risks are however not enforced as yet. However, once approved, they could result in thousands of jobs being lost. The Eskom Integrated Demand Management (IDM) funding program for industrial projects has also been put on hold. With more than 97 large (367 MW total) projects already implemented on South African gold mines, thes...

  5. The logistics management in the sizing of the fleet of containers per ships in dedicated route - The use of computer simulation: A Brazilian shipping company case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delmo Alves de Moura

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is provide the use of the simulation in the discrete event to manage one important point in the logistics systems to shipping companies that is the imbalance of containers, movement of empty containers from surplus ports to deficit ports. From a survey of data from a shipping company operating in Brazil, at various ports, it was possible to model and simulate the needs in six major domestic ports of empty and full containers and seek to meet demand in the shipping market, reducing storage of containers and maintaining the level of excellence in service. Based on the discrete event simulation it was possible to analyze the problem of empty and full containers at the ports in the maritime transportation system. It was possible study the imbalance situation in the ports e provide one tool the companies to manage yours service. The data are confined to one company located in São Paulo and operating in Brazil at maritime transportation. The research shows that the imbalance problem between full and empty containers is a real case to all companies in the maritime transportation and can have effective solutions using discrete event simulation. To have excellent supply chain management it is important to have also one effective transportation system. This paper contributes to research in the inbound and outbound part of the supply chain management.

  6. Estrutura de propriedade e de controle das empresas de capital aberto no Brasil Ownership and control in brazilian limited liability companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dante Mendes Aldrighi

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper has as its main objective to measure the magnitude of deviations between control rights and cash-flow rights for the ultimate shareholder with the largest voting rights of limited liability companies in Brazil. Furthermore, it pinpoints how these discrepancies are generated, evaluating the relative importance of the issuance of preferred stocks with no voting rights, pyramidal arrangements of ownership, and cross-shareholdings. The data set embraces 602 companies that in 2001 complied with the mandatory requirement of filing to the CVM.

  7. Impact of energy efficiency and alternative sources in the Brazilian electric matrix: scenarios 2005-2050; Impacto da eficiencia energetica e das fontes alternativas na matriz eletrica brasileira: cenarios 2005-2050

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saidel, Marco A.; Gimenes, Andre L.V.; Fujii, Ricardo J. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (GEPEA/USP), SP (Brazil). Dept. de Energia e Automacao Eletricas. Grupo de Energia; Furtado, Marcelo [Greenpeace Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    Part of a worldwide initiative championed by Greenpeace International and EREC - European Renewable Energy Council, a partnership between Greenpeace Brazil and GEPEA/USP were established for producing two national alternative energy scenarios, as a blueprint for how to meet forthcoming Brazilian energy needs in a sustainable way. Such scenarios, one reflecting the views of GEPEA/USP and another the perceptions by Greenpeace, were both based on a reference scenario strongly drawing from the 'Plano Decenal 2006-2015' and the 'Plano Nacional de Energia 2030', both by the Ministry of Mines and Energy. From the alternative scenarios one may see that is feasible to satisfy the increasing Brazilian demand through the integrated deployment of alternative resources, Natural Gas fueled thermal power plants and energy conservation measures. To develop the Brazilian electricity energy base in such terms, however, is mandatory to conduct further debate on energy planning issues, conservation measures and alternatives resources concerns included. (author)

  8. Power distribution automating system of Okinawa Electric Power Company; Okinawa Denryoku (kabu) haiden jidoka system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-01-10

    Aiming at earlier restoration of failures and further improvement of efficiency in control of power distribution system operation, Okinawa Electric Power and Fuji Electric have been proceeding with review of the specifications and functions of a power distribution automating system. Its partial operation has now begun by using a remote control system consisting mainly of remotely controlled operation of switches. The major features of the system may be summarized as follows: (1) it has two-console configuration capable of simultaneous parallel operation and continuation of operation even at server shutdown by using a man-machine workstation; (2) a simplified mapping system is adopted for indication of a distribution system chart, incorporating features of both of the mapping system and the skeleton system; (3) a simplified system operating function is employed, in which procedures of load switching and returning operations are prepared and executed automatically without a need of registering an event name; and (4) a system to memorize operation procedures for facility data maintenance is used to respond flexibly to sequence exchange of construction names and postponement of a construction. (NEDO)

  9. The sustainable expansion of the brazilian electric sector from the use of sustainability indicators as support instruments to decision; A expansao sustentavel do setor eletrico brasileiro a partir do uso de indicadores de sustentabilidade como instrumento de apoio a decisao

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Luciano B. [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE). Inst. Virtual Internacional de Mudancas Globais (IVIG)]. E-mail: luciano@ivig.coppe.ufrj.br; Soares, Jeferson B. [Empresa de Pesquisa Energetica (EPE), Brasilia, DF (Brazil). Superintendencia de Recursos Energeticos]. E-mail: jeferson.soares@epe.gov.br; Rovere, Emilio L. La [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE). Lab. Interdisciplinar de Meio Ambiente (LIMA)]. E-mail: emilio@ppe.ufrj.br

    2006-07-01

    This article presents a proposal of an integrated evaluation methodology of offer electric energy expansion, considering not only technological and economical aspects but the environmental and social aspects as well. The proposal is based on the establishment of an indicators set for electricity generation from: small hydroelectric power plants, sugar cane bagasse, biodiesel, eolic wind, urban solid residues and natural gas. From those indicators a multicriteria analysis is applied to a case study, allowing to learn simultaneously the influence of environmental and social questions on the decision making of the brazilian electric sector expansion.

  10. The evolution of legal aspects on the Brazilian electric power sector, a critical analysis; Evolucao dos marcos regulatorios do mercado de energia eletrica no Brasil, uma analise critica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bastos, Adriano Silva

    2007-07-01

    The electric sector went through deep changes along these 125 years of electrification of the country, mainly the alternation of their investment bases, hour being private for the most part, state hour. The legal bases of concession and regulation also varied in this period, trying to adapt to the effective model of the time. This work intends to analyze the evolution of the regulatory models of the electric sector, identifying the main changes of paradigms and to compare the efficiency of the models already implanted in the segment, with views to the increment of the offer of energy in the period, molding a critical profile of the best model already adopted in the national electric sector. To compare qualitatively these models requests an analysis of the investment bases a priori in the sector, identifying the contribution of resources has been private or state, following by the government's legal positioning in the sense of being only regulator, or regulator and investor, concluding with an analysis of the electric power offer in the period and the power of self-financing of the companies, in order to assent that the mixed model is the most appropriate model for the sustainable growth of the electric power generation sector in Brazil. (author)

  11. Outages of electric power supply resulting from cable failures Boston Edison Company system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-07-01

    Factual data are provided regarding 5 electric power supply interruptions that occurred in the Boston Metropolitan area during April to June, 1979. Common to all of these outages was the failure of an underground cable as the initiating event, followed by multiple equipment failures. There was significant variation in the voltage ratings and types of cables which failed. The investigation was unable to delineate a single specific Boston Edison design operating or maintenance practice that could be cited as the cause of the outages. After reviewing the investigative report the following actions were recommended: the development and implementation of a plan to eliminate the direct current cable network; develop a network outage restoration plan; regroup primary feeder cables wherever possible to minimize the number of circuits in manholes, and to separate feeders to high load density areas; develop a program to detect incipient cable faults; evaluate the separation of the north and south sections of Back Bay network into separate networks; and, as a minimum, install the necessary facilities to make it possible to re-energize one section without interfering with the other; and re-evaluate the cathodic protection scheme where necessary. (LCL)

  12. Modeling of Wolf Creek Generating Station Kansas Gas and Electric Company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objectives of this study were to: assess the potential for using MMS as a tool for future engineering applications; develop a working model, BOP in particular, that could be used for future analytical work on the system modeled; and to build an in-house modeling capability for analyzing and understanding the thermal-hydraulic behavior and systems performance of the plant. The Wolf Creek Generating Station, SNUPPS Unit 1, has a nominal rating of 1150 MWe. The unit includes a General Electric, 1800 rpm, tandem-compound, six-flow turbine generator supplied with steam from a Westinghouse pressurized water reactor rated at 3425 MWt. The ultimate goal of the MMS modeling effort is to develop a working model for the entire secondary plant of Wolf Creek Generating Station. To accomplish this, the secondary plant has been divided into the following modular subsystems: high pressure feedwater heater train, low pressure feedwater heater train, power conversion system, and U-tube steam generators. The MMS model for each subsystem will be generated, debugged and executed independently before they are merged together to form the entire secondary plant. The results of the modeling effort on the models of high pressure feedwater heater train and steam generator level control system are presented

  13. The processes of organizational learning and innovation: a longitudinal case study (1986-1995 in a company of brazilian oil sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antônio Valle Antunes Júnior

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Innovation is one important factor for companies. This study presents a longitudinal case study focusing on the learning processes associated to innovation on an oil industry company. To conduct the study, which was of exploratory nature, interviews were conducted with professionals connected to the history of the company. Reports about the processes of innovation were described by content analysis and related to: the types of innovation proposed by Schumpeter (1942; the types of learning proposed by Malerba (1992; the modes of learning single loop and double loop of Argyris and Schön (1978; the ways of knowledge conversion of Nonaka and Takeuchi (1997; and the creation of spaces of knowledge of Nonaka et. al (1998, 2000. The research results indicate that radical innovation tends to require a wider range of learning styles, if compared to incremental innovations. Still, the internalization and socialization seems to prevail in contexts of radical innovation, while externalization and combination are more frequent in incremental innovation contexts. Finally, the results point to the fact that the single loop learning is more directly related to incremental innovations, while the double loop learning is more present in radical innovation contexts.

  14. Investigação sobre a existência de inovações disruptivas das grandes empresas multinacionais para o mercado brasileiro de baixa renda Large multinational companies innovations to the low-income Brazilian market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Novaes Zilber

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar se grandes empresas multinacionais no mercado brasileiro, antes focadas prioritariamente nas classes de maior poder aquisitivo, promoveram algum tipo de inovação, particularmente inovações disruptivas, a fim de atender ao emergente mercado de baixa renda, impactando a gestão da produção e/ou cadeia de suprimentos dessas multinacionais. Para isso foi utilizado o método de estudo de casos múltiplos, estudando-se as empresas Nestlé, Unilever e Johnson & Johnson. Os resultados mostraram que as multinacionais que atuam no mercado brasileiro estudadas não promoveram inovações disruptivas para atuar na base da pirâmide, pois consideraram que a faixa de classes D e E não é atrativa o suficiente para investirem no desenvolvimento de produtos para essa faixa, atendendo preferencialmente a classe C através de pequenas modificações em produtos e distribuição. Dessa forma, não foram encontradas evidências de inovações disruptivas, mas inovações sustentadoras e incrementais ligadas à adequação de produtos existentes.The objective of this study was to identify whether major multinational companies in the Brazilian market, focused primarily on higher income classes, have promoted some kind of innovation, particularly disruptive innovations, to meet the emerging low-income market, impacting the operation management and/or supply chain of these multinationals. To this end, a multiple case study method was used at Nestlé, Unilever and Johnson & Johnson. Results showed that multinational companies operating in the Brazilian market have not promoted disruptive innovations directed to the base of the pyramid, once they felt that the "D" and "E" classes are not attractive enough to justify investments in product development, directing investments preferentially to the "C" class through small changes in products and distribution. This way, no evidence of disruptive innovations was found; only

  15. Investigação sobre a existência de inovações disruptivas das grandes empresas multinacionais para o mercado brasileiro de baixa renda Large multinational companies innovations to the low-income Brazilian market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Novaes Zilber

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar se grandes empresas multinacionais no mercado brasileiro, antes focadas prioritariamente nas classes de maior poder aquisitivo, promoveram algum tipo de inovação, particularmente inovações disruptivas, a fim de atender ao emergente mercado de baixa renda, impactando a gestão da produção e/ou cadeia de suprimentos dessas multinacionais. Para isso foi utilizado o método de estudo de casos múltiplos, estudando-se as empresas Nestlé, Unilever e Johnson & Johnson. Os resultados mostraram que as multinacionais que atuam no mercado brasileiro estudadas não promoveram inovações disruptivas para atuar na base da pirâmide, pois consideraram que a faixa de classes D e E não é atrativa o suficiente para investirem no desenvolvimento de produtos para essa faixa, atendendo preferencialmente a classe C através de pequenas modificações em produtos e distribuição. Dessa forma, não foram encontradas evidências de inovações disruptivas, mas inovações sustentadoras e incrementais ligadas à adequação de produtos existentes.The objective of this study was to identify whether major multinational companies in the Brazilian market, focused primarily on higher income classes, have promoted some kind of innovation, particularly disruptive innovations, to meet the emerging low-income market, impacting the operation management and/or supply chain of these multinationals. To this end, a multiple case study method was used at Nestlé, Unilever and Johnson & Johnson. Results showed that multinational companies operating in the Brazilian market have not promoted disruptive innovations directed to the base of the pyramid, once they felt that the "D" and "E" classes are not attractive enough to justify investments in product development, directing investments preferentially to the "C" class through small changes in products and distribution. This way, no evidence of disruptive innovations was found; only

  16. Implementação de programas de qualidade: um survey em empresas de grande porte no Brasil Implementation of quality programs: a survey in large size Brazilian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Helena Boarin Pinto

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é identificar os principais aspectos da implementação dos programas de qualidade em empresas brasileiras, a partir dos modelos mais difundidos e implementados como a certificação de sistemas de qualidade nas normas ISO 9000, o Seis Sigma e o Total Quality Management (TQM, fazendo uma análise comparativa e crítica de sua adoção pelas organizações e estudando as relações existentes entre eles, a complementaridade e as redundâncias. O tema é extremamente relevante no cenário atual, em que as companhias investem quantias significativas em diversos programas de melhoria da qualidade e possuem enormes dificuldades para avaliar o impacto estratégico, bem como o respectivo valor agregado. A metodologia adotou elementos da análise quantitativa, isto é, uma pesquisa do tipo survey. O universo para a coleta de dados foi extraído da relação "Ranking Valor 1.000", que contém as 1.000 maiores empresas brasileiras, publicadas no anuário do jornal "Valor Econômico", ano-base de 2004, partindo-se do pressuposto de que, nestas empresas, estarão os embriões dos modelos emergentes de gestão da qualidade. Posteriormente, as respostas obtidas por meio de questionários foram analisadas com o auxílio de um programa estatístico. A análise concluiu que as empresas que implantaram o programa Seis Sigma são as de maior tradição em qualidade, ou seja, adotaram outros programas anteriormente; as organizações que mais investiram em qualidade, pela adoção de programas, obtiveram sucesso nos indicadores de desempenho; e as principais causas do insucesso dos programas de qualidade ISO 9000, Seis Sigma e TQM nas organizações analisadas foram a escassez de recursos financeiros para a correta implantação e o frágil apoio da direção da empresa.This research aims to identify the main trends in the implementation of Quality Programs in Brazilian companies and is based on the most widely known and implemented

  17. A proposal of cost evaluation of own capital for the Brazilian electric sector; Uma proposta de avaliacao do custo do capital proprio para o setor de energia eletrica brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serrano, Ricardo Oliveira L.

    2003-12-01

    This work studies the own capital cost of the Brazilian electric sector, by using three methodologies: Comparable Accounting Results (CAR), using historical values for measurement, Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) and the CAPM, elaborated from expected values.The obtained results by using the CAR method indicated that the Brazilian electric power sector is not receiving remuneration according to the real maintenance and expansion necessities. Based on this observation, it was considered appropriated to discard the CAR method in the proposed methodology, therefore using the simply average of the CAPM e DCF models. By using the simply average of the models presents the advantage of capturing specific characteristics of each model, and to dilute effects of eventual extreme values.

  18. Custos dos Serviços de Não-auditoria (SNA das Maiores Empresas Brasileiras = Non-audit service (SNA fees in the biggest brazilian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Aguiar da Rosa

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é caracterizar os custos dos Serviços de Não-Auditoria – SNA das maiores empresas listadas na Bolsa de Valores de São Paulo – BM&FBOVESPA. Para a consecução deste trabalho foram utilizadas as informações divulgadas no Formulário de Referência – FR e no Relatório de Administração – RA, relativas ao ano de 2010, das 100 maiores empresas classificadas por valor de mercado, apresentadas na Revista Exame. Para identificar os elementos que caracterizam os grupos de empresas com diferentes custos de SNA evidenciados utilizou-se a análise de variância, avaliando-se a partir das variáveis ativo total, patrimônio líquido, resultado líquido e custos dos serviços de auditoria externa - SAE. Os resultados encontrados demonstram que os SNA mais utilizados pelas empresas são os de auditoria de impostos (31%. Por outro lado, os serviços de auditoria SOX detêm um custo expressivo, representando 16% do total de SNA, mas possuem uma baixa incidência, que pode ser justificada por uma preocupação recente com a governança corporativa. Uma preocupação com a evidenciação dos SNA pode surgir, pois 50% dos custos evidenciados pelas empresas compõem o grupo “outros serviços” e não são explicitados os tipos de serviços que fazem parte desse grupo. Além disso, foram encontradas incoerências de informações evidenciadas no FR e RA em 35% das empresas. Quanto às relações da variabilidade dos custos dos SNA, este estudo traz evidências de que os maiores custos dos SNA evidenciados pelas empresas da amostra estão naquelas em que os custos de SAE são maiores. The aim of this paper is to characterize the costs of Non-Audit Services - SNA of the largest companies listed at BM&FBOVESPA. To achieve this study, the Reference Form - FR and Management Report - RA were used to find information about SNAdisclosed in 2010 by the top 100 companies ranked by market value, which were listed at Exame magazine. To

  19. Role Of E-Government In Delivery Of Public Services In Tanzania Electric Supply Company In Ruvuma Region Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Jackson Petro Gunda

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT E-government facilitates delivery of public services of relevant government information in electronic form to citizens in a timely manner and better service delivery to citizens. E-government is a kind of governmental administration which is based on Information Communication and Technology Services. Electronic government describes the use of technologies to facilitate the operation of government and disperse of government information and services. The scope of the work was limited to Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited TANESCO in Ruvuma region. The population of thirty 31 were selected from a total population of 169 public servants use both purposive and stratified random sampling techniques applied. The major findings of study revealed that about 67.7 of response from respondents agree that ICT infrastructures specifically modern computer connected to internet reliable internet speed well organized organization website power availability in public operation contribute to efficient in delivery of services it also noted by respondents to faster decision making speeding up transaction processing and reduce cost. The study greatly recommends that capacity building to public servants on ICT install and strengthening ICT infrastructures to government organizational are inevitable to realise relevant role of e-government in delivery of public services.

  20. Security-constrained self-scheduling of generation companies in day-ahead electricity markets considering financial risk

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► A security-constrained self-scheduling is presented. ► The proposed framework takes into account the uncertainty of the predicted market prices. ► We model the risk and profit tradeoff of a GENCO based on an efficient multi-objective model. ► Unit commitment and inter-temporal constraints of generators are considered in an MIP model. ► Simulation results are presented on the IEEE 30-bus and IEEE 118-bus test systems. - Abstract: In this paper, a new security-constrained self-scheduling framework incorporating the transmission flow limits in both steady state conditions and post-contingent states is presented to produce efficient bidding strategy for generation companies (GENCOs) in day-ahead electricity markets. Moreover, the proposed framework takes into account the uncertainty of the predicted market prices and models the risk and profit tradeoff of a GENCO based on an efficient multi-objective model. Furthermore, unit commitment and inter-temporal constraints of generators are considered in the suggested model converting it to a mixed-integer programming (MIP) optimization problem. Sensitivity of the proposed framework with respect to both the level of the market prices and adopted risk level is also evaluated in the paper. Simulation results are presented on the IEEE 30-bus and IEEE 118-bus test systems illustrating the performance of the proposed self-scheduling model.

  1. Potential Use of Communications and Project Management Systems in Remote Construction Projects: The Case of Saudi Electric Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhzad Sidawi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Remote projects have their unique problems that are caused mainly by the remoteness of the project itself thus the loose control over management. This is due to a number of reasons such as lack of human resources and infrastructure. Research studies that were undertaken worldwide - regarding this issue- has highlighted few unique management problems. The aim of this paper is to investigate how far the IT tools would help in managing remote construction projects in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA. Due to the lack of previous research regarding remote projects within the Gulf region and the KSA, a pilot study was conducted in 2009 to define and test the wording of questions that are part of the main survey. The main survey was undertaken on Saudi Electric Company (SEC. The study found that IT systems and tools have the potential but this potential is hindered by a number of technical, managerial, staff factors. Therefore, successful application of IT systems would require changes to the present management settings at various levels. This would ensure that the SEC is capable of achieving the full benefit from using these advanced systems.

  2. Uso do sistema de controle gerencial e desempenho: um estudo em empresas brasileiras sob a perspectiva da resources-based view Management control system use and performance: a study in brazilian companies using resources-based view

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Tiomatsu Oyadomari

    2011-08-01

    of the international research that has shown some contradictory results. The research was carried out in 2008, by a survey in a sample of 104 companies from Exame Magazine 1000 Biggest Brazilian Companies. Using the Structural Equation Model, the main results indicate no evidence of negative relationships between the diagnostic use and the organizational competences development, what contradicts Henri's results (2006. It was also identified that the interactive use has positive influences in the competences of Organizational Learning and Market Orientation, and these have positive influences in Performance (measured by self-evaluation. This study contributes to Brazilian research as its subject integrates Management Accounting and Strategy and also for measurement the construct Dynamic Tensions. For the practice, the result is important as it shows that companies should continue to use Management Control for diagnostic, as it helps the organization to correct errors, simultaneously recommending the use of interactive way to activate organizational ompetences.

  3. El Paso Electric Company Diablo Substation to the US-Mexico border 115kV transmission line project. Final Environmental Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-04-01

    This Environmental Assessment documents the analysis of alternative corridors for development and operation of a proposed 115 kilovolt transmission line using private lands and transporting power to the US-Mexico international border. The project will require (1) an amendment to El Paso Electric Company`s existing export authorization to transfer power across this border, and (2) a Presidential Permit for construction of the transmission line. The project would be located in Dona Ana county in southern New Mexico, approximately five miles west of El Paso, Texas. The alternative corridors, specific locations within those corridors, and structure types are identified and analyzed in the environmental studies.

  4. A proposal for evaluation of the owner capital cost for the Brazilian electric power sector; Uma proposta de avaliacao do custo do capital proprio para o setor de energia eletrica brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serrano, Ricardo Oliveira L.

    2003-12-01

    This work studies the owner capital cost of the brazilian electric sector, according to three methods: Comparable Accounting Earnings, that uses historical values in its measuring and Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) and the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), elaborated from the expected values. The obtained results by using the CAE method showed that the Brazilian electric sector has not been rewarded in its real necessity of maintenance and expansion. From this observation, it was considered appropriated not to take this method in the methodology presently proposed, which will be using only the single average of the CAPM and DCF models. The use of the results single average of this model presents the advantage of selecting specific characteristics of each one, and diluting the effects of occasional peak values. The owner capital cost obtained from this work was the average value of 19.73% for the studied period - 1995/2003 (17.12% for 2003), proximate to the obtained result by ANEEL - brazilian agency of electric power - for investments in energy distribution in Brazil, 17.47%, while Minardi and Sanvicente (2003) obtained 36.06% for the owner capital cost of CEMIG in 2002, specifically.

  5. Evaluation of capital investment in thermoelectric generation projects in the Brazilian electric sector using the real options theory; Avaliacao de investimento de capital em projetos de geracao termoeletrica no setor eletrico brasileiro usando teoria das opcoes reais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, Alessandro de Lima

    2000-04-01

    In the Brazilian Electric System about 92% of the generated electricity is of hydraulic origin. Today the system is operating practically in the limit of your capacity. Solutions of short time to make possible the expansion of the offer of electricity generation go by the installation of cycle combining thermal using natural gas as fuel. In this dissertation, it was used the real options theory to evaluate generation assets in the Brazilian electricity sector. In Brazil, central operator dispatches a flexible thermal when the electricity spot price is larger than the operation costs. The operation decision is like an European call, where underlying asset is the electricity and the strike price is the operation cost. The value of the capacity is the sum of all decisions to operate the thermal unit, in the remaining life of unit. It was used Monte Carlo Simulation and Dynamic Programming to evaluate this model. The problem is divided in two parts. In the first part, the base case is fixed and evaluated and the expected NPV and project risk are calculated in function of contract level. In the second part, many sensibilities are done in relation to base case. At the end, the value of flexibility is calculated for each contract level. (author)

  6. The relation between voluntary dissemination of information in Brazilian company sites and company financial performance Análise da relação entre disseminação voluntária de informações em sites corporativos e desempenho financeiro de empresas brasileiras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jupter Júnior Moreira Luz

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Corporate governance is becoming an important aspect of management and internet is now convenient for disclosure of information to the market. Therefore this relation between voluntary dissemination of information in company sites and financial performance of Brazilian companies was investigated. A multiple regression analysis was of made of 40 companies, 24 that belonged to the New Bovespa Market (N1, N2 or NM as well as 16 others that did not. The extent of transparent disclosure in the form of voluntary dissemination of information in company these sites was found to be directly associated with company size, shareholder return and return on total assets. However, contrary to expectations, a statistically significant negative association was identified between return on equity and voluntary disclosure of information in company sites.A governança corporativa vem-se tornando um importante mecanismo da gestão empresarial nos últimos anos, e a internet, uma ferramenta para disseminar informações ao mercado. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar se existe associação entre disseminação voluntária de informações em sites corporativos e desempenho financeiro. A análise foi feita de uma amostra de 40 empresas, das quais 24 fazem parte do Novo Mercado da Bovespa (N1, N2 ou NM e outras 16 não fazem parte, por meio de uma regressão múltipla. Constatou-se que a disseminação voluntária de informações nos sites corporativos das empresas pesquisadas está associada diretamente ao tamanho da empresa, ao retorno acionário e ao retorno sobre o ativo total, ou seja, quanto maior a empresa, o retorno acionário e o retorno sobre o ativo, maior tende a ser a transparência e a divulgação de informações ao mercado por meio dos sites corporativos. E, contrariando as expectativas, foi encontrada, também com significância estatística, uma associação negativa entre o retorno sobre o patrimônio líquido e a disseminação voluntária de

  7. Cytogenetic characterization of the strongly electric Amazonian eel, Electrophorus electricus (Teleostei, Gymnotiformes, from the Brazilian rivers Amazon and Araguaia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraia B.A. Fonteles

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A karyotype analysis of the electric eel, Electrophorus electricus (Teleostei, Gymnotiformes, a strongly electric fish from northern South America, is presented. Two female specimens were analyzed, one from the Amazon River and one from the Araguaia River. The specimens had a chromosomal number of 2n = 52 (42M-SM + 10A. C-bands were present in a centromeric and pericentromeric position on part of the chromosomes; some interstitial C-bands were also present. Heteromorphic nucleolus organizer regions (NORs were detected in two chromosome pairs of the specimen from the Amazon River. The chromosome number and karyotype characteristics are similar to those of other Gymnotidae species. The genera Electrophorus and Gymnotus are positioned as the basal lineages in the Gymnotiformes phylogeny.

  8. Computational simulation and lean thinking as tools of process management: an assessment of different alternatives to increase capacity in a manufacturing company of aluminum electrical cables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Augusto Amarante de Souza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the production chain of a manufacturing company of aluminum electrical conductors is analyzed, in order to select the best strategy for increasing its production capacity. The company´s production systems and flows are highly complex and have high variability in their production flows. A quantitative modeling methodology was proposed to simulate those systems, and to analyze them in a simpler manner. The simulation model considered two different strategies related to production increase: “Lean Thinking” and Machinery/Equipment Purchase. From the current context and the results obtained from the simulation study, it was possible to conclude that the best scenario for increasing production capacity for the company was using the Lean Thinking strategy on the critical processes.The gains in capacity are higher and the implementing costs involved are lower than the ones observed in the other strategy considered.

  9. Generation potential of electric power surplus with the biogas produced from anaerobic bio digestion of vinasse in Brazilian sugar-ethanol industry; Potencial de geracao de excedentes de energia eletrica com o biogas produzido a partir da biodigestao da vinhaca na industria sucro-alcooleira brasileira

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamonica, Helcio Martins [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (DE/FEM/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica. Dept. de Energia

    2006-07-01

    This work evaluates the electric power potential of the Brazilian sugarcane industry using the biogas produced by vinasse biodigestion in internal combustion engine driven generators. The electric power surplus based on crop 2004/05 ethanol production data is 9,292 TJ/year (2.6 TWh/year), 0.75% of the total electric power consumption in Brazil during the year of 2003. In spite of its considerable potential the determined minimum selling price for its produced energy of R$ 89.98/GJ (R$ 323.92/MWh) is expensive for present Brazilian electric power market price. (author)

  10. Situations of decontamination promotion activities. Efforts by Tokyo Electric Power Company, Fukushima Revitalization Headquarters, Decontamination Promotion Office

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As for the decontamination of the soil contaminated with radioactive materials, decontamination is on the way in compliance with the 'Act on Special Measures Concerning the Handling of Environmental Pollution by Radioactive Materials by the NPS Accident Associated with the Tohoku District - Off the Pacific Ocean' (hereinafter, the Act on Special Measures). Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), as the party concerned to the accident, is cooperating with decontamination activities conducted by countries and municipalities under the Act on Special Measures. Total number of people cooperated by the Decontamination Promotion Office amounts to about 120,000 people. The cooperation to the decontamination by countries and municipalities covers the following fields: provision of knowledge of radiation, training of site management and supervisors, and proposal such as the decontamination method suitable for the site. As cooperation to various monitoring, there is a traveling monitoring that performs radiation measurement from the vehicles. As cooperation in the farming and industrial resumption toward the reconstruction, the group has implemented support for the distribution promotion of the holdup that was stuck in distribution due to contamination with radioactive substances. As decontamination related technology, the following are performed: (1) preparation of radiation understanding promotion tool, (2) development of precise individual dose measurement technology, and (3) development and utilization of decontamination effect analysis program. In the future, this group will perform the follow-up for decontamination, and measures toward the lifting of evacuation order. It will install the basis to perform various technical analyses on decontamination, and will further intensify technical cooperation. (A.O.)

  11. Environmental assessment for the granting of US Navy easements near Pearl Harbor and Waikele Gulch Oahu, Hawaii to Hawaiian Electric Company, Inc. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luersen, P.; Wiley, M.; Hart, J.; Kanehiro, C.; Soloway, M.

    1994-09-23

    This document was prepared pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA: and Navy regulations (OPNAVINST 5090.1B)). The document addresses environmental impacts from the proposed granting of three easements to the Hawaiian Electric Company, Inc. (HECO) for the use of Navy property near Waikele Gulch, Pearl City and the Waiau Power Plant. HECO`s proposed Waiau-CIP, Part 2, Project requires installation, operation, and maintenance of steel transmission line poles and associated equipment on three Navy parcels crossed by the 7.8 mile project. Health risks from exposure to the electric and magnetic fields of 138-kV transmission lines are discussed.

  12. Joint comments of the Natural Resources Defense Council and the Pacific Gas and Electric Company on the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper contains joint recommendations by the Natural Resources Defense Council and the Pacific Gas and Electric Company concerning the incorporation of planning methods into the National Energy Strategy to ensure that market forces and regulatory processes provide energy services at lowest cost, including recognition of environmental effects. They recommend a combination of efficiency improvements and production investments that would minimize the economic and environmental costs of the energy services needed to sustain a healthy economy

  13. Analyzing the Effectiveness of Reward Management System on Employee Performance through the Mediating Role of Employee Motivation Case Study: Isfahan Regional Electric Company

    OpenAIRE

    Amin Karami; Hossein Rezaei Dolatabadi; Saeed Rajaeepour

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Analyzing the effectiveness of reward management system on employee performance through the mediating role of employee motivation was the purpose of the present survey.Method and tools: Given that staff department of Isfahan Regional Electric Company was the statistical population under study simple random sampling was used in this survey. Sample size was determined by means of Cochran formula (140 persons). Historical study and field study methods were the most important methods of ...

  14. brazilian subsidiaries of multinationals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Mendes Borini

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The theme of corporate social responsibility (CSR has not been widely examined in the context of multinationals. This dearth is even greater with respect to subsidiaries, particularly the subject of reverse transfer of practices, that is, the transfer of practices developed in subsidiaries back to the parent company. Because of this theoretical gap, the present article investigates the factors involved on reverse transfer of CSR practices. The research hypotheses test the importance of developing nonlocation-bound capabilities, of integration between subsidiaries and parent and of institutional distance. The data were obtained by a survey of the main foreign subsidiaries in Brazil. All told, we analyzed 150 Brazilian subsidiaries of multinationals, by applying multiple linear regression. The results indicate that the reverse transfer of CSR depends on the development of nonlocation-bound capabilities of the subsidiaries and integration between the parent company and its foreign subsidiaries.

  15. A Decision Support System for Sizing the Call Center of an Electrical Power Distributor

    OpenAIRE

    Adiel Teixeira de Almeida Filho; Ana Paula Henriques de Gusmão; Thárcylla Clemente; Jadielson Moura; Ana Paula Cabral Seixas Costa; Adiel Teixeira de Almeida

    2014-01-01

    Sizing the capacity of a call center is a well known problem. However, in some cases there are regulatory aspects that must be observed that, combined with specificities of the service provided and how it operates, affects the manner of the process for forecasting the inbound call rate and decisions on sizing capacity. This paper presents a real problem relating to several electric power distributors in Brazil regulated by ANEEL (the Brazilian regulatory agency for electric power companies). ...

  16. Disclosure of social information by Brazilian companies according to United Nations indicators of corporate social responsibility Divulgação de informações sociais por empresas brasileiras segundo os indicadores de responsabilidade social corporativa da ONU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelle Colares Oliveira

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Several frameworks of social information disclosure have been proposed worldwide to satisfy stakeholders' information needs. In 2008, the United Nations launched a guide with recommendations for corporate responsibility indicators in annual reports based on the Global Reporting Initiative framework and standards of the International Labour Organization, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and International Accounting Standards Board. The objective of the present study was to analyze the disclosure of social information by Brazilian companies of the New Market listing segment traded on the São Paulo Stock Exchange (BOVESPA in accordance with UN indicators of corporate social responsibility. This was an exploratory and qualitative study based on a review of documents and the literature. The findings were interpreted by way of content analysis to determine the predominance of UN indicators disclosed by Brazilian enterprises. The results were compared to those of a 2008 UN study on social information disclosure by 100 large enterprises in the top ten emerging economies in the world. The companies in our study were found to disclose most of the indicators recommended by the UN in harmony with internationally accepted standards. However, more recently introduced non-financial indicators were less frequently reported.Diversas são as iniciativas de instituições nacionais e internacionais no sentido de se chegar a um conteúdo de informações sociais que seja evidenciado pelas empresas e atenda às necessidades dos stakeholders. Em 2008, foi lançado o Guia de Indicadores de Responsabilidade Corporativa em Relatórios Anuais, da Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU, elaborado com base no GRI, nas normas da OIT e da OCDE e alinhado às definições adotadas nas normas do IASB. O presente estudo tem por objetivo principal analisar a divulgação de informações sociais pelas empresas brasileiras do Novo Mercado da Bovespa

  17. 75 FR 13600 - Virginia Electric and Power Company, North Anna Power Station, Unit Nos. 1 and 2, Surry Power...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... permit the licensee the use of Mine Safety Appliance Company (MSA) Firehawk Air Mask (FireHawk) Self... offsite. There is no significant increase in occupational or public radiation exposure. Therefore,...

  18. The Volatility of Market Risk In Groups of Viet Nam Listed Computer and Electrical Company Groups during the Financial Crisis 2007-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available During the financial crisis 2007-2009 with certain impacts on the Viet Nam economy and especially, the stock exchange, there is un-diversifiable risk that influences the whole computer and electrical industries. Hence, the risk re-estimation for the listed firms in these industries becomes necessary. First of all, by using quantitative and analytical methods to estimate asset and equity beta of four (4 groups of listed companies in Viet Nam electrical, software, hardware and telecommunication industries with a proper traditional estimating model, we found out that the beta values, in general, for most companies are acceptable, excluding just a few cases. There are 88% of listed firms with lower risk, among total 64 firms, whose beta values lower than ( 1and have stock returns moving more than the market benchmark. Ultimately, this paper generates some results that could provides both internal and external investors, financial institutions, companies and government more evidence in establishing their policies in investments and in governance.

  19. Resources transfer and centralization in Brazilian electrical sector: the reversion global reserve (RGR) and the guarantee global reserve (GGR); Centralizacao e transferencia de recursos no setor eletrico brasileiro: a reserva global de reversao (RGR) e a reserva global de garantia (RGG)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza Amaral Filho, J.B. de

    1991-12-31

    This dissertation makes the analysis of resources transfer and centralization in Brazilian electrical sector, through reversion global reserve (RGR) and guarantee global reserve (GGR). RGR and GGR are funds. RGR finances sectorial investments in electric power and GGR aims the supply of deficient concessionaires. Governmental investments and the results of this application are showing. (M.V.M.). 55 refs, 2 figs, 61 tabs.

  20. The French Electricity Company (EDF) and the environment. Press file for 1996; EDF et l'environnment 1996. Dossier de presse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bourdier, Jean-Pierre [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France)

    1997-03-27

    In 1996 the actions of EDF in the domain of environment have recorded FF 4 billions (FF 3.5 billion in 1995), representing about 2% of the EDF's turnover. The EDF keeps on its efforts for reducing the impact of its activities upon environment. Several applications of an environment protective electricity generation are promoted by the company. The company brings services and technical solutions to its clients which meet their energy needs and conserving at the same time the life conditions. Furthermore, EDF participates in the activity of numerous national and international organisms, intervening in the environmental questions, in decision making, participating in studies and actions and following continually the direction of a durable economic and social development. The report is structured in three chapters: 1. an industrial responsibility; 2. services and techniques for environment; 3. action towards a durable development.

  1. Effectiveness of business strategies in Brazilian textile industry

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo César Sousa Batista; João Veríssimo de Oliveira Lisboa; Mário Gomes Augusto; Fátima Evaneide Barbosa de Almeida

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT This research analyses how the interaction between strategy capabilities, strategy types, strategy formulation quality and implementation capability affect organizational performance in Brazilian textiles companies. This article proposes and tests a conceptual framework, using a structural equation modeling of a set of 211 valid questionnaires on Brazilian textiles firms. The results support links between focus strategy and marketing capabilities, and between cost leadership strategy...

  2. Gerenciamento de resultados e a relação com o custo da dívida das empresas brasileiras abertas Earnings management and the relation with cost of debt of Brazilian public companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Carolina Ciampaglia Nardi

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Sob a teoria de agência e as premissas de gerenciamento de resultados, o objetivo do trabalho foi estudar a relação entre o gerenciamento de resultados (GR e o custo da dívida (Ki das empresas brasileiras abertas, no período de 1996 a 2007. Os pressupostos levantados, por meio da literatura existente, são de que, almejando melhores condições contratuais, como o custo da dívida, o custo atual ou passado motiva a empresa a gerenciar o resultado corrente para obter melhores condições de custo futuro ou corrente. Dessa forma, as empresas, intencionalmente, procurariam gerenciar seus resultados, motivadas pelo custo da dívida. Todavia, há apoio teórico para que a relação entre essas variáveis seja unidirecional, com o GR influenciando o custo da dívida, sustentando a segunda hipótese. Para chegar ao objetivo, o trabalho utilizou, como proxy de GR, o modelo para cálculo dos accruals discricionários proposto por Kang e Sivaramakrishnan (1995. As análises foram baseadas no teste não-paramétrico U de Mann-Whitney, seguidas do teste de especificação de Hausman para a análise de simultaneidade, finalizando com a regressão com dados dispostos em painel com correção de Newey-West. Os testes de média apontaram para uma relação positiva entre GR e Ki, mas o teste de simultaneidade não indicou haver inter-relação entre as variáveis. Contudo, os resultados das regressões em painel indicaram que o Ki não influencia o GR, mas que há uma relação positiva, em que quanto maior o GR, maior o custo da dívida, ou seja, este é influenciado por aquele.Under agency theory and assumptions of earnings management, the objective is to study the relationship between earnings management (EM and the cost of debt (Ki of Brazilian publicly held companies in the period from 1996 to 2007. The assumptions raised through the literature are that targeting better contractual terms, like cost of debt, current or past cost, motivates the company

  3. The Brazilian experience of incentive of renewable sources expansion by means of electric power auctions; A experiencia brasileira de incentivo a expansao das fontes renovaveis por meio de leiloes de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Viana, Alexandre Guedes [Camara de Comercializacao de Energia Eletrica (CCEE), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Parente, Virginia [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    The aim of this paper is to present the Brazilian experience to encourage renewable sources of power generation through the auctions into the Regulated Environment of Contracting. These auctions are subdivided into auctions of existing plants, new plants, alternative sources and structural plants. In this process we observe the structure of the mechanism for contracting new projects of renewable sources without neglecting the low tariffs issues. Thus, the auctions of electricity in Brazil is an alternative to be considered in an attempt to group market mechanisms, low tariffs and incentives to renewable sources of generation. (author)

  4. New maintenance strategy of Tokyo Electric Power Company and Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant for effective ageing management and safe long-term operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant is the oldest among three nuclear power plants owned and operated by Tokyo Electric Power Company, which consists of six boiling water reactor units. The commercial operation of Unit 1 was commenced in 1971 (37 years old) and Unit 6 in 1978 (29 years old). Currently ageing degradations of systems, structures and components are managed through maintenance programs, component replacement/refurbishment programs and long-term maintenance plans. The long-term maintenance plans are established through ageing management component replacement/refurbishment programs reviews performed before the 30th year of operation and they are for safe and reliable operation after 30 years (long-term operation). However the past maintenance actions and past component replacement/refurbishment programs were not always proactive and past operational experience and maintenance practices suggest that effective/proactive ageing management programs be introduced in earlier stage of the plant operation. In this circumstance, Tokyo Electric Power Company and Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant are setting up a new maintenance strategy that includes 1) improving the normal maintenance programs by using ageing degradation data, 2) effective use of information on internal/external operational experience and maintenance practices related to ageing, and 3) proactive component/equipment refurbishment programs during a refreshment outage for safe and reliable long-term operation. To accomplish the goal of this strategy, strengthening engineering capability of plant staff members is a crucial required for the plant. The objective of this paper is to briefly explain main results ageing management reviews, past and current significant ageing issues and management programs against them, and the new maintenance strategy established by Tokyo Electric Power Company and Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. (author)

  5. The ANEEL and the criteria for the resource application in energy efficiency of the electric energy distribution companies; A ANEEL e os criterios para aplicacao de recursos em programas de eficiencia energetica das distribuidoras de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haddad, Jamil [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil). Inst. de Sistemas Eletrico e Energia. Grupo de Estudos Energeticos (GEE)]. E-mail: jamil@unifei.edu.br

    2006-07-01

    Each year the ANEEL establishes the criteria for the of the Energy Efficiency Programs of the electric power distribution companies. This subject has an importance nevertheless to be highlighted only when conjunctural circumstances occur such as the 2001/2002 electric energy crisis. Such characteristics increase the ANEEL responsibility, because the regulation must observe the structural character which performs the energy efficiency actions. Recently, the ANEEL altered the criteria for the resource application by the electric power distribution companies. This article describes the importance of the energy efficiency and make comments on these frequent regulatory changes. (author)

  6. The relevance of thermoelectricity for the development of the Brazilian natural gas industry; A importancia da termoeletricidade para o desenvolvimento da industria de gas natural no Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canelas, Andre [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE). Programa de Planejamento Energetico]. E-mail: canelas@ppe.ufrj.br

    2004-07-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the capacity of the 'inflexible production', by state-owned Brazilian company PETROBRAS at its natural gas-based thermo-electrical generation stations, to promote in a increase in the use of the Brazil- Bolivia Gaspipe (Gasbol), which is the natural gas transport pipe related to 90,66% of the Brazilian natural gas imports. As the contract is a 'take or pay' contract, Brazil ends up paying for such a large volume of gas that the country does not effectively consume, since the consume of natural gas in Brazil has not come to the expectations which were prevailing when the import contract was signed. Last but not least, this article addresses the future possibilities for the increase of the share of natural gas in the total Brazilian energy consumption. (author)

  7. Processos operacionais e resultados de empresas brasileiras após a certificação ambiental ISO 14001 Operation process and results of Brazilian companies according to the ISO 14001 environmental certification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Jesus Avila

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar os resultados operacionais obtidos pelas empresas brasileiras certificadas na Norma ISO 1400. Para alcançar este objetivo, procurou-se identificar os fatores relacionados aos processos de operação e ao desempenho das operações após a certificação ambiental. O método de pesquisa se orientou pela busca de integração entre a análise quantitativa e a análise qualitativa. A análise quantitativa foi baseada no tratamento estatístico de dados atuais resultantes da participação de empresas brasileiras no projeto DEVISO (Developing Countries and ISO 14000. A análise qualitativa, por sua vez, utilizou como mecanismo para coleta de dados a técnica de entrevista pessoal a Gerentes do Sistema de Gestão Ambiental de duas empresas participantes do projeto. A análise quantitativa fundamentou-se na análise fatorial (Análise de Componentes Principais - PCA e na comparação entre médias dos fatores resultantes por meio do teste t de médias emparelhadas. Esta análise possibilitou elaborar uma hierarquia para o desempenho destes fatores quando comparados a um limite máximo. Posteriormente, os fatores identificados foram aprofundados em dois casos. Os fatores identificados para os processos de operação foram: Gerenciamento Ambiental, Fornecedores, Reciclagem e Cooperação. Para o desempenho das operações resultaram os fatores Imagem, Cumprimento de Padrões, Resíduos Tóxicos e Uso Eficiente.The aim of this work was to analyze the operational results achieved for ISO 14001 certificated Brazilian companies. In order to achieve this objective, the factors related to the operation process and the performance of operations according to the certification were identified. The research method integrated qualitative and quantitative analyses. The quantitative step was based on the analysis of the database created by the DEVISO project (Developing Countries and ISO 14000. The qualitative analysis was

  8. 基于EVA电力上市公司的业绩评价%The performance appraisal of the listed electric power companies based on EVA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司维; 徐焕章

    2011-01-01

    以股东超额期望收益率为出发点,选取我国沪深两市2006~2009年电力行业上市公司的样本数据资料,采用多元线性回归分析法对EVA在我国电力上市公司经营业绩评价的有效性进行实证检验.对电力上市公司业绩评价提供了可靠的决策依据,同时为电力上市公司的可持续发展提供了有价值的参数.%From the point of shareholders expected rate of return, the sample data of the listed electric power companies in 2006-2009 were selected from Shenzhen and Shanghai stock market. By using multiple linear regression analysis method,the effectiveness of performance evaluation of listed electric power companies in China is tested. It not only provides a reliable basis for companies' decision making,but also provides a valuable reference for companies' sustainable development.

  9. On the Electricity Inspection and Marketing Strategy of Electric Power Company%浅谈电力公司用电检查营销策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡良; 赵国波

    2013-01-01

      Electric energy as a kind of important energy, we must strengthen its supervision. This paper points out some of the problems in electrical inspection of China's electric power enterprise, and puts forward some marketing strategy to ensure the healthy and stable development of China's electric power.%  电力能源作为一种重要的能源,必须加强对其的监管。本文在论述我国电力企业用电检查存在的一些问题时,也提出了一些用电检查的营销策略,以保证我国电力的健康和稳定的发展。

  10. Alternatives for hydrogen production in Brazilian regions aiming the generation of distributed electric energy; Alternativas para a producao de hidrogenio nas regioes brasileiras visando a geracao de energia eletrica distribuida

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernardi Junior, Paulo

    2009-07-01

    In this work possible sources of hydrogen production for the generation of electric energy in a distributed way, with the fuel cell use, had been selected and studied. Three renewable sources (biomass, photovoltaic and wind) have been studied for energy generation in Brazil. For the establishment of numerical values, the main regional agricultural cultures and the amount of biomass in various brazilian states had been evaluated, in the form of waste, capable to be used for future hydrogen production. It was also investigated and evaluated the numerical capacity of hydrogen production from wind and photovoltaic resources for each region in Brazil, considering the electrolytic process. Based on the results, it is possible to demonstrate the potentialities of Brazil for electric energy generation in a planned distributed way, with fossil fuel substitution, and consequently, decreasing the environmental impacts. (author)

  11. Inquiry relating to modifications of reactor installation in Ikata No. 1 and 2 nuclear power plants of Shikoku Electric Power Company, Inc

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Application was made to the Minister of International Trade and Industry for the license relating to the modifications of reactor installation in the Ikata No. 1 and 2 nuclear power plants of the Shikoku Electric Power Company, Inc., on February 13, 1979, from the president of the company. After the safety evaluation was finished by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, inquiry was conducted to the Atomic Energy Safety Commission (AESC) on June 15, 1979, from the Minister of International Trade and Industry. The investigation and discussion were commenced by the AESC on June 19, 1979. The modifications of the reactor installation are the increase of new fuel storage capacity from about 1/3 to about 2/3 of in-core fuel for No. 1 plant and the modification of driving mechanism from the roller nut type to the magnetic jack type for the control rod cluster for adjusting power distribution in the No. 2 plant. The contents of the safety examination for each item written above are presented. The prevention of criticality is carefully practiced for the new fuel storage by putting fuel assemblies in stainless steel can type racks and locating the fuel assemblies at the proper distance. Relating to the driving mechanism for the control rod cluster adjusting power distribution, the driving speed is not modified and the reliability is kept by carrying out the continuous operation test and the electric power black out test as the demonstration test. The magnetic jack type mechanism has the locking device to prevent reactor tripping at the time of electric power black out, and the cluster is held at the location where the cluster existed at the time of black out. (Nakai, Y.)

  12. Optimization of portfolio of contracts for companies of electric power generation; Otimizacao de portfolio de contratos para empresas de geracao de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gunn, Laura Keiko; Silva, Elisa Bastos; Correia, Paulo de Barros [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica. Dept. de Energia], emails: lauragunn@fem.unicamp.br, elisabs@fem.unicamp.br, pcorreia@fem.unicamp.br

    2010-07-01

    Portfolio optimization is a technique widely used to select investments in economic and financial zones. In the Brazilian Electric Market the portfolio models must consider not only different types of contracts used in the free market, but also different types of markets: the free market, the captive market and the spot market. Normally, the question is knowing which proportion of energy should be sold in each market, in order to maximize the return and minimize the risk. This article deals with a problem from the point of view of a power generator, where their objective is to maximize its profit, to serve their obligations regarding the delivery of energy and minimizing the risk associated with the occurrence of Spot Price - minimum (Spot Price). It is considered that the generator has flexible contracts and inflexible contracts to sell the energy. Inflexible contracts have delivery obligations of fixed energy and flexible contracts allow, the holder of the flexibility, to deliver or to receive an amount of variable energy. In this case, the holder of flexibility may be the purchaser or the generator. (author)

  13. Eletronuclear's relationship with the Brazilian media: transparency and credibility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a capitalist economy the most valued assets are not money, shares or facilities, but credibility. Lack of money can ruin a company, but often it is reputation that delivers the final blow. It has become challenging to safeguard reputation in a world where Communication is increasingly connected and with such an intense and lightning fast flow of information. This is particularly true for the electricity sector - a commodity so prevalent in everyday modern life, but, whose business dealings, are hardly known by the general public. When it comes to nuclear energy, the challenge of establishing an effective Communication with transparency and credibility touches on even more complex elements. The topic of this paper is the scenario through which the Communication process, along with its characteristics and approaches, unfolds between the nuclear sector and the Brazilian media. (author)

  14. Nível de convergência dos princípios contábeis brasileiros e norte-americanos às normas do IASB: uma contribuição para a adoção das IFRS por empresas brasileiras The convergence level of the brazilian and american accounting principles with IASB standards: a contribution to brazilian companies' adoption of IFRS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdiney Alves Oliveira

    2011-08-01

    required the adoption of IFRS by Brazilian companies in CVM Instruction 457/07. Through a descriptive study about their goals and using the technical procedures of information retrieval and classical content analysis, we analyzed the financial statements prepared for the year 2008 in accordance with U.S. GAAP and B.R. GAAP of 20 Brazilian companies listed both on the Stock Exchange of New York (NYSE and the Bolsa de Valores de Sao Paulo (BOVESPA, and calculated the rate of disclosure proposed in the study by Lopes and Rodrigues (2007. The research pointed out that the rates of disclosure calculated for Form 20F were higher than those calculated for the Standard Financial Statements (DFP, confirming a higher degree of convergence between U.S. GAAP and IFRS and suggesting that, due to IFRS adoption, financial statements in BR GAAP tend to change substantially, increasing the level of disclosure. Furthermore, for the sample, the results confirm what was presented in the selected literature about the direct influence of market sector and firm size on information disclosure. For auditors, the fact that global audit companies known as the Big Four audited the statement did not determine the extent of disclosure.

  15. Results of photovoltaic power generation system operation in Tokyo Electric Power Company; Tokyo Denryoku ni okeru taiyoko hatsuden setsubi no unten jisseki ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fukuda, H.; Itokawa, K. [Tokyo Electric Power Co. Inc., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    A report was made on the measurement of data and the results of the analysis at 14 sites of photovoltaic power generation facilities operated under system interconnection by Tokyo Electric Power Company. This type of system is provided in 40 sites as of the end of fiscal 1995, generating 479kw. The items measured were the generated electric energy at all 14 sites, and the quantity of solar radiation, outside air temperature, panel temperature, etc., at limited sites; and the capacity of each equipment, azimuth and inclination of the panel were also recorded simultaneously. Hourly values were used for the analysis. Five minute values were utilized, however, in the examination of the cause of lowered output and in the situation recognition of the influence of the shade or the change of weather. The utilization factor of the facilities was in the average 10.8% in fiscal 1994 and 10.7% in fiscal 1995. The factor decreased slightly unless the panel azimuth faced due south. The utilization factor at the panel inclination of 35 degrees and 45 degrees showed both 10.4% through the year making no difference. The system seemed to show no overwhelming possibilities in coping with electric power demand. The reason was that deviation existed for 2 hours or so in the peak and that reliability was low as basic power facilities. However, it was determined that the system be continuously examined in future. 9 figs., 1 tab.

  16. The Analysis of the Reaction of the Romanian Companies Supplying Electrical Energy to the Modification of the Geopolitical Context and of the Internal Legislative Frame

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile Robu

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Supplying services in the electrical energy domain that corresponds qualitatively, at acceptable prices, in the context of the respect of the environment preservation standards and of the security of the supply, in accordance with the demands of the economic growth, represents a main component of the lasting development. In the 9th chapter of the 21st Agenda is stated that “energy is essential to the economic and social development and to a better quality of life”. At global level, given the current technological conditions and the permanent growth of the quantity of resources used, a large part of the energy is produced and consumed in an unsustainable manner. The necessity of controlling the greenhouse gas emissions and of other polluting substances imposes the increase of the efficiency of production, transportation, distribution and consumption of the energy and the growth of the use of renewable energy sources. All energy sources must be used in a manner that permits the respect of the environment on the whole. The operational research executed let us state that the defining elements of the geopolitical context influence the behaviour of the companies supplying electrical energy, which has an effect in any branch of the national economy. Such an approach is useful in the determination of the impact of the increase of electrical energy prices on the vulnerable sectors of the national economy.

  17. Integrated Plant Safety Assessment: Systematic Evaluation Program. Yankee Nuclear Power Station, Yankee Atomic Electric Company, Docket No. 50-29. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Systematic Evaluation program was initiated in February 1977 by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission to review the designs of older operating nuclear reactor plants to confirm and document their safety. The review provides: (1) an assessment of how these plants compare with current licensing safety requirements relating to selected issues, (2) a basis for deciding on how these differences should be resolved in an integrated plant review, and (3) a documented evaluation of plant safety. This report documents the review of Yankee Nuclear Power Station, operated by Yankee Atomic Electric Company. The Yankee plant is one of 10 plants reviewed under Phase II of this program. This report indicates how 137 topics selected for review under Phase I of the program were addressed. Equipment and procedural changes have been identified as a result of the review

  18. Integrated Plant Safety Assessment, Systematic Evaluation Program. Yankee Nuclear Power Station, Yankee Atomic Electric Company, Docket No. 50-29. Draft report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Systematic Evaluation Program was initiated in February 1977 by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission to review the designs of older operating nuclear reactor plants to confirm and document their safety. The review provides (1) an assessment of how these plants compare with current licensing safety requirements relating to selected issues, (2) a basis for deciding on how these differences should be resolved in an integrated plant review, and (3) a documented evaluation of plant safety. This report documents the review of Yankee Nuclear Power Station, operated by Yankee Atomic Electric Company. The Yankee plant is one of 10 plants reviewed under Phase II of this program. This report indicates how 137 topics selected for review under Phase I of the program were addressed. Equipment and procedural changes have been identified as a result of the review

  19. Analyzing the Effectiveness of Reward Management System on Employee Performance through the Mediating Role of Employee Motivation Case Study: Isfahan Regional Electric Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amin Karami

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Analyzing the effectiveness of reward management system on employee performance through the mediating role of employee motivation was the purpose of the present survey.Method and tools: Given that staff department of Isfahan Regional Electric Company was the statistical population under study simple random sampling was used in this survey. Sample size was determined by means of Cochran formula (140 persons. Historical study and field study methods were the most important methods of data collection and data analysis was performed by means of Amos and Pls software.Findings: Reward management system has a positive and significant effect on employee motivation. Employee motivation does not have a positive and significant effect on employee performance. Reward management system has a positive and significant effect on employee performance (by the presence of motivation as the mediating variable.Conclusion: The findings of this survey in the above company show that there is a positive and significant relation among elements of reward management system and motivation and performance. Such positive and significant relation was found among the elements of reward management system with performance too. This is while there was no positive and significant relation among the elements of reward management system, employee motivation and performance. It is notable that the above relations were presented in the framework of a model using structural equations modeling.

  20. Draft environmental impact statement for construction and operation of the proposed Bangor Hydro-Electric Company`s second 345-kV transmission tie line to New Brunswick

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-10-01

    This Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) was prepared by the US Department of Energy (US DOE). The proposed action is the issuance of Presidential Permit PP-89 by DOE to Bangor Hydro-Electric Company to construct and operate a new international transmission line interconnection to New Brunswick, Canada that would consist of an 83.8 mile (US portion), 345-kilovolt (kV) alternating current transmission line from the US-Canadian border at Baileyville, Maine to an existing substation at Orrington, Maine. The principal environmental impacts of the construction and operation of the transmission line would be incremental in nature and would include the conversion of forested uplands (mostly commercial timberlands) and wetlands to right-of-way (small trees, shrubs, and herbaceous vegetation). The proposed line would also result in localized minor to moderate visual impacts and would contribute a minor incremental increase in the exposure of some individuals to electromagnetic fields. This DEIS documents the purpose and need for the proposed action, describes the proposed action and alternatives considered and provides a comparison of the proposed and alternatives routes, and provides detailed information on analyses of the environmental consequences of the proposed action and alternatives, as well as mitigative measures to minimize impacts.

  1. An Analysis of R&D Project Performance from Research to Commercialization ~ Evidence from a Japanese Electric Company

    OpenAIRE

    Osawa, Yoshitaka; Miyazaki, Kumiko

    2005-01-01

    For a business enterprise, research and development projects provide a crucial engine for growth and the management of research and development projects has a tremendous impact on the future of the enterprise. The key in R&D management is how to select projects and allocate finite management resources. It is extremely important to thoroughly discuss ways to make such selection and allocation. In this study, we analyzed a group of R&D projects that had been carried out at Sumitomo Electric Ind...

  2. To Explore The Method of Reducing The Failure Rate of County Electric Power Supply Company%探究降低县级供电公司农网故障率的方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王顺刚

    2015-01-01

    本文简要叙述县级供电公司农网故障及原因,提出农网故障的检测方法及有效降低县级供电公司农网故障率的方法。%With the rapid development of national economy, the construction and development of county-level power supply company website speed also appear gradually accelerated condition, this paper analyzes the reasons of the failure of the county-level power supply company's web site, in a timely and properly handle the rural power failures, can effectively reduce the rate of contribution to the company website at the county level, improve the rural power supply reliability, stability and security. Due to the particularity of county electric power supply company public network cable, cable buried underground, most of the rural power failures can't directly find the fault point, and then use the instrument test site failure. This paper briefly describes the failure and the reason of county-level power supply company website, rural electricity fault detection method is proposed, puts forward the effective method to reduce the failure rate at the county level power supply company.

  3. Regulating technological change - The strategic reactions of utility companies towards subsidy policies in the German, Spanish and UK electricity markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper focuses on how incumbent electric utilities strategically react to subsidy schemes supporting renewable energy technologies in the UK, Germany, and Spain. Firms coordinate the development of their technological capabilities and their political activities to shape their regulatory environment. Analysing the diffusion of wind power in these countries, we show that the different ways, in which firms coordinate their technological and political strategies, lead to very different market outcomes, both for the firms' market share and the size of the overall market. Although incumbents are usually seen as being resistant to change in energy systems, we show that Spanish utilities proactively drive the diffusion of wind power. We speculate about the relation between the ownership structure of the energy system and its inertia with respect to the integration of new technologies. We derive novel policy implications that explicitly take into account the strategic actions of incumbent firms shaping the technological and regulatory system

  4. Regulating technological change - The strategic reactions of utility companies towards subsidy policies in the German, Spanish and UK electricity markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper focuses on how incumbent electric utilities strategically react to subsidy schemes supporting renewable energy technologies in the UK, Germany, and Spain. Firms coordinate the development of their technological capabilities and their political activities to shape their regulatory environment. Analysing the diffusion of wind power in these countries, we show that the different ways, in which firms coordinate their technological and political strategies, lead to very different market outcomes, both for the firms' market share and the size of the overall market. Although incumbents are usually seen as being resistant to change in energy systems, we show that Spanish utilities proactively drive the diffusion of wind power. We speculate about the relation between the ownership structure of the energy system and its inertia with respect to the integration of new technologies. We derive novel policy implications that explicitly take into account the strategic actions of incumbent firms shaping the technological and regulatory system. (author)

  5. Comparabilidade entre o resultado em BR GAAP e U.S. GAAP: evidências das companhias brasileiras listadas nas bolsas norte-americanas Comparability between BR GAAP and U.S. GAAP results: evidence from Brazilian companies listed on North American stock exchanges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirlei Lemes

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa avalia a materialidade das diferenças de reconciliação dos lucros divulgados por empresas brasileiras. Dada a inexistência de demonstrações contábeis conforme as IFRS publicadas por empresas brasileiras, a amostra foi composta de empresas que divulgam o resultado, segundo os Br GAAP e os U.S. GAAP, nos Form 20-F arquivados na SEC. Por meio de uma pesquisa exploratória, em função dos seus objetivos, e documental, em consequência da coleta de dados, aplicou-se o Índice de Comparabilidade de Gray (GRAY, 1980 às diferenças evidenciadas por 30 companhias brasileiras nos anos de 2000 a 2005. Os resultados indicam um número representativo de empresas com resultados materialmente não comparáveis, sendo três para uma margem de materialidade de 5%, seis a 10% e, para 15%, somente 21 das 30 empresas apresentaram lucros comparáveis. Analisando as reconciliações de 10 empresas do ano de 2005, o ajuste referente à combinação de empresas foi o que afetou o maior número de empresas e quanto à reavaliação de ativos, caracteristicamente apontada como uma prática que demanda frequentes ajustes aos U.S. GAAP, não foi observada a reconciliação para a maioria das empresas. Sugerem-se estudos adicionais para identificar diferenças específicas para um maior número de empresas e anos.This research assesses the materiality of the reconciliation differences in profits reported by Brazilian companies. Given the non-existence of IFRS compatible accounting statements for Brazilian companies, the sample was composed of enterprises that publish the result according to Br GAAP and U.S. GAAP on the 20-F Form filed at the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC. By means of an exploratory - in function of its objectives - and documentary research - due to the data collection method - Gray's Index of Comparability (Gray, 1980 was applied to the differences evidenced for 30 Brazilian companies between 2000 and 2005. The results

  6. The Brazilian Business World: the difficult adaptation to globalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virgílio Caixeta Arraes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the internationalization of Brazilian businesses in the current decade. In the 1990s, Brazil embraced economic neoliberalism and promoted a huge opening up of its economy. At that time, Brazilian companies had to adapt rapidly. Twenty years later, the country has reinforced its presence in Latin America and has ensured a better position in the global markets, especially by through agricultural exports.

  7. Green Chemistry, Green Engineering and Eco-Innovation Towards a More Sustainable Petrochemical Industry: Determinants of Brazilian Petrochemical Companies´ Engagement in GCE-Based Eco-Innovation Processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.A. Freire da Silva (Paulo)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ It is the general wisdom, within the petrochemical industrial sector, that technological changes, for the development of cleaner products, processes and services, is a basic requirement for companies to achieve advanced states of environmental and economic sustainabilit

  8. Project of law relative to the electricity and gas public utilities and to the power and gas companies; Projet de loi relatif au service public de l'electricite et du gaz et aux entreprises electriques et gazieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This document is the definitive text of this project of law adopted by the French house of commons. The aim of this law is to allow the administrations to avoid to use their eligibility right with the opening of the electricity and gas markets to competition. It changes the juridical status of the two public utilities Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) into two anonymous companies and creates two additional companies for the management of the power and gas networks. It ensures also the transposition of the European directives from June 26, 2003 (2003/54/CE and 2003/55/CE). It contains some proper dispositions and modifies various existing French laws, in particular the law no. 46-628 from April 8, 1946 about the electricity and gas nationalization and the law no. 2000-108 from February 10, 2000 relative to the modernization and development of the electric public utility. (J.S.)

  9. The role of the decomissioning process on the development of the Brazilian nuclear program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mattos, Joao Roberto L. de; Dias, Marcio S. [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)], e-mail: jrmattos@cdtn.br, e-mail: marciod@cdtn.br

    2009-07-01

    The National Energy Plan 2030, issued by the Energy Research Company of the Brazilian Ministry of Mines and Energy (EPE, 2007), formalized a reference scenario for the renaissance of the nuclear option in Brazil. This scenario includes the completion of Angra 3 Nuclear Power Plant up to 2014 and the construction of four additional nuclear power plants of 1000 MWe: a fourth unit by 2020, a fifth unit by 2025 and the sixth and seventh plants by 2030. Worldwide, the energy demand and the renaissance of nuclear energy as a primary source for electric power generation are leading the industry toward new constructions as well as uprates and operational life extensions. In this new scenario the decommissioning is pushed further into the future and Brazil is not an exception, considering that Angra 1 NPP is under a process of uprating and certainly will apply for and will receive license renewals allowing its operation for 20 or more years beyond its original project. Thus, why to focus on decommissioning in the present? What is the importance of decommissioning for the development of the Brazilian nuclear industry considering the existing reactors? Should the decommissioning be considered in the design of the new nuclear power plants? What would be the decommissioning plan for the Brazilian Nuclear Power Plants? The present paper is intended to contextualize the decommissioning in the present scenarios as well as to try to answer the above questions. (author)

  10. 无锡DY电器公司库存管理优化方法研究%Research on Inventory Management Optimization of Wuxi DY Electric Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋琛

    2012-01-01

    To based on research of Wuxi DY Electric Company we provide analysis of the companyrs current inventory management problems and its causes. The optimization solution for DY companyts inventory management are raised from companyts organizational structure setting, demand forecasting, procurement plan optimization, ABC analysis methods for materials classifica- tion and management, safety stock setting, economic order quantities method and supplier assess- ment and management.%以无锡DY电器公司为研究对象,分析了该公司原有库存管理存在的问题及其原因,并从公司组织结构的设置、需求预测的建立、采购计划的完善、ABC法对物资的分类和管理、安全库存的合理设置、经济批量订货法的采用、供应商的评估和管理等方面提出了改善DY公司库存管理的具体优化方法.

  11. Allocation of petroleum feedstock: Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, Sollers Point SNG Plant, Sollers Point, Baltimore County, Maryland. Final environmental impact statement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liverman, James L.

    1978-04-01

    An allocation of naphtha feedstock up to 2,186,000 barrels per year to Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BG and E) to operate its synthetic natural gas (SNG) facility is being considered. The allocation would enable BG and E to produce 10,800,000 mcf of SNG during a 180 day period. Operation of the plant at design capacity is expected to result in annual pollution emissions as follows: 626.4 tons of sulfur oxides, 168.5 tons of nitrogen oxides and 21.6 tons of particulate matter. Incremental emissions due to plant operations relative to existing emissions in Baltimore County are less than 1%. All Federal and State air quality standards should be met. Treated effluent is to be discharged into the Patapasco River where the environmental impacts are not expected to be significant. The SNG facility has been designed to be in compliance with all applicable Federal, State and local effluent standards. Water consumption requirements of 335,000 gallons per day are not expected to significantly tax the area's water resources. Sound generated by the SNG facility will be inaudible or imperceptible. All other operational impacts on land use, population, visual quality, roadways, community facilities and services and ecological systems were judged to be minimal. Environmental impacts resulting from various alternatives ranging from full allocation through denial of an allocation are discussed.

  12. Electricity generation cost issues - public authorities and power generation companies points of view; Approches du cout de production du KWH: vision publique et vision producteur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lermusieau, Ph. [Electrabel France, 75 - Paris (France); Leban, R. [Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers (CNAM), 75 - Paris (France); Percebois, J. [Montpellier-1 Univ., 34 (France); Centre de Recherche en Economie et Droit de l' Energie (CREDEN), 34 - Montpellier (France); Regent, A. [Ambassade de France a Londres (United Kingdom); Ged, A. [Solving France, 75 - Paris (France); Boulanger, Ph. [ENDESA France (France); Dallemagne, G. [Societe Generale (France); Favennec, J.P. [AEE-France, 92 6 Rueil-Malmaison (France); Gonnot, F.M. [Depute de l' Oise, 95 (France); Percebois, J. [Centre de Recherche en Economie et Droit de l' Energie (CREDEN), 34 - Montpellier (France)

    2008-07-15

    This dossier is dedicated to the cost of the production of electricity. As for any investment, we have to consider the future income the investment will give, this income depends on a list of parameters from which we can highlight for nuclear power in Europe: the opening of the market to competitors, the inter-connection of the national markets, the oscillation of prices between long-term and short-term costs. We have to consider also the structure of the cost (CO{sub 2}, fuel, operation and maintenance) and the issue of risk management for the investor (delay, civil liability, dismantlement). It appears that nuclear investments require long term cooperation between companies deeply involved in the power industry but the structures allowing such cooperation have to be defined. A competitive market will produce results that match public interest if social and environmental costs are included in the production costs and if the assessment of complete costs of every energy source using the best available technology are regularly published. The United-Kingdom is the first country to launch a massive program concerning nuclear energy that is backed by private investors. (A.C.)

  13. Photovoltaic systems connected to electric power like distributed generators: the recent situation at the PVPS-IEA and at the Brazilian scenario; Sistemas fotovoltaicos conectados a rede eletrica como geradores distribuidos: a situacao recente no PVPS-IEA e no cenario brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quaglia, Renato Brito; Oliveira, Sergio Henrique Ferreira de [Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC), Santo Andre, SP (Brazil). Centro de Engenharia, Modelagem e Ciencias Sociais Aplicadas. Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Energia], email: renato.quaglia@ufabc.edu.br

    2008-07-01

    In this paper it is considered the use of Distributed Generation (GD) as a further option to centralized generation of electricity and treats its photovoltaic systems connected to power network (SFCR's) technology as an option in this interesting 'new' model to plan the expansion of the brazilian electrical energy matrix, mainly in urban centres. For this reason, it was necessary to mention the main characteristics of this technology as distributed generators, and the profile of his generation when connected in homes and commercial buildings. Moreover, it presents the benefits that these systems can offer the electricity sector, society and the economy. In the study of Photovoltaic Power Systems Programme (PVPS), specifically the situation of this technology in Germany, realized that the creation of mechanisms of financial incentives provided to implement some of the main barriers associated with the integration of photovoltaic systems as distributed generators. In assessing the Brazilian context, there was the incipient photovoltaic market in the country, even taking some systems already installed, note that the vast majority are intended for studies of Research and Development. There is also the exploitation of photovoltaic systems connected to the network for use in homes, businesses or industries, probably because of the lack of incentive programs for SFCR's. Although there is a programme of incentives to Alternative Sources of Electricity - Proinfa, it does not consider the SFCR's in its guidelines for qualification, only the wind systems, small hydroelectric plants and systems powered by biomass. Point is, therefore, the need for the creation of an energy policy that encourages the Brazilian market photovoltaic, more precisely a policy of offering incentives conditions of maturity of this technology when connected to the network - technical standards, decrease costs, creation of hand of specialized work, installation of manufacturers

  14. Gestão de processos, indicadores analíticos e impactos sobre o desempenho competitivo em grandes e médias empresas brasileiras dos setores da indústria e de serviços Process management, analytical indicators, and impacts on competitive performance at large and midsized brazilian companies in the industry and services sectors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Bronzo Ladeira

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo compila os principais achados de uma pesquisa cujo objetivo foi o de investigar a natureza dos relacionamentos entre os construtos de orientação para processos de negócio (business process orientation - BPO, indicadores analíticos e desempenho competitivo de uma amostra de 368 empresas brasileiras, de grande e médio portes, atuantes em diferentes setores da indústria e de operações de serviços no âmbito da economia brasileira. Por meio de um survey, a pesquisa envolveu o teste de hipóteses e uso de técnicas de estatística bivariada e multivariada. Foram realizados testes para se mensurar a consistência interna das escalas do instrumento de pesquisa, bem como para se avaliar a composição estrutural do modelo, por meio da modelagem de equações estruturais. As escalas e o modelo foram validados. Os resultados apontam a importância estratégica dos fatores de BPO e de indicadores analíticos como preditores do desempenho competitivo das empresas. Por meio da equação estrutural do modelo, esses fatores preditores foram capazes de explicar 66,3% das variações do desempenho das empresas da amostra, sendo igualmente significativos os efeitos diretos (coeficientes de caminho verificados entre os construtos da BPO, indicadores analíticos e desempenho.This article compiles the main findings of a study that aimed to investigate the nature of the relationships between business process orientation (BPO constructs, analytical indicators, and competitive performance from a sample of 368 large and midsized Brazilian companies that are present in different sectors of industry and services operations within the Brazilian economy. By means of a survey, this research involved the use of hypothesis testing and bivariate and multivariate statistical techniques. Tests were carried out to measure the internal consistency of the research tool scales as well as to assess the model structure using structural equation modeling. Both the

  15. The generation expansion planning of the Brazilian electric sector employing genetic algorithms; O planejamento da expansao da geracao do setor eletrico brasileiro utilizando os algoritmos geneticos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kazay, Heloisa Firmo

    2001-07-01

    The generation expansion-planning problem is a non-linear large-scale optimisation problem, which is even larger when it refers to the Brazilian system, and when one considers the multiple intervening uncertainty sources. To handle the complexity of the problem, decomposition schemes have been used. Usually, such schemes divide the expansion problem into two sub-problems: one related to the construction of new plants (investment sub-problem) and another dealing with the task of operating the system (operation sub-problem). This thesis proposes a genetic algorithm to solve the investment sub-problem. Initially, an analysis of the state of the art on the generation expansion planning and the field of the genetic algorithms are presented. Then follows a practical application of the proposed algorithm in a model of generation expansion planning under uncertainty. Finally, the results obtained in two case studies are presented and analysed. These results indicate that the proposed genetic algorithm is an effective alternative to the solution of the investment sub-problem. (author)

  16. Losses and unpaid bills in the electricity distribution activities in Brazil; Perdas e inadimplencia na atividade de distribuicao de energia eletrica no Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Araujo, Antonio Carlos Marques de

    2007-04-15

    The main purpose of this paper is to deepen the discussion about the impact of the electrical losses and the unpayment of the correspondent bills in the Brazilian market of electricity distribution, by establishing the dimension of the problem and analysing the main physical, economic and social variables which explain the rambling occurrence of the phenomenon among the companies all over the country. The study was developed by using statistical models which made possible to built explaining models. Furthermore, the paper discusses the institutional treatment given to the issue by the Brazilian federal regulatory agency, under a tariff, technical and regulatory point, and comments the actions adopted by the companies to minimize the consequent revenue impact. Finally, conclusions and some suggestions are presented regarding complementary studies related to this field of knowledge. (author)

  17. Competitiveness in the Brazilian oil industry. The Brazilian 'oil diamond'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is recognized the economic benefits that might follow the opening process of the Brazilian oil and natural gas industry, which shall experience a fast expansion with the arrival of national and international private investors. However, we should not neglect the broader impact of this process on the future development of all that cluster of national agents that lived around and served the former national oil monopoly, managed by the Brazilian National Oil Company, Petrobras. This work focuses on this larger perspective, discussing about the capacity of Brazil to sustain and expand its competitiveness in the oil business as well as to obtain the maximum economic development from the exploration of its oil and gas reserves. We adopt the work of Michael Porter, from the University of Harvard, about the Competitive Advantage of Nations, as a theoretical model to analyze the Competitive Advantage of Brazil in the global oil industry. By introducing the concept of ''oil diamond'', adapted from the notion introduced by this author, we develop a new understanding of national competitiveness in the oil sector. In this paper, we present the general model as well as a brief characterization of the results found for Brazil Subsequently, we focus on just one leg of the model, for which we discuss, with more detail, about the competitive condition of the country in the opening-up scenario. This leg regards the so-called supporting and supplementary industries that constitute what is denominated in the French tradition the ''para petroleum'' industry. We analyze the conditions for the Brazilian domestic ''para petroleum industry'' to survive and grow in the new competitive environment. (authors)

  18. Auction approaches of long-term contracts to ensure generation investment in electricity markets. Lessons from the Brazilian and Chilean experiences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The implementation of auctions of long-term electricity contracts is arising as an alternative to ensure generation investment and therefore achieve a reliable electricity supply. The aim is to reconcile generation adequacy with efficient energy purchase, correct risk allocation among investors and consumers, and the politico-economic environment of the country. In this paper, a generic proposal for a long-term electricity contracts approach is made, including practical design concepts for implementation. This proposal is empirically derived from the auctions implemented in Brazil and Chile during the last 6 years. The study is focused on practices and lessons which are especially useful for regulators and policy makers that want to facilitate the financing of new desirable power plants in risky environments and also efficiently allocate supply contracts among investors at competitive prices. Although this mechanism is generally seen as a significant improvement in market regulation, there are questions and concerns on auction performance that require careful design and which are identified in this paper. In addition, the experiences and proposal described can serve to derive further mechanisms in order to promote the entrance of particular generation technologies, e.g. renewables, in the developed world and therefore achieve a clean electricity supply. (author)

  19. KEY FACTORS IN WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT IN THE BRAZILIAN MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Toshiro Nakamura

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Many studies have been conducted in corporate finance regarding long-term investment and financing decisions. However, short-term asset investments play a significant role in the balance sheet of companies. Moreover, financial managers dedicate significantamounts of time and effort to the subject of working capital management, balancing current assets and liabilities. This paper provides insights regarding the key factors of working capital management by exploring the internal variables of a number of companies. This study used data from 2,976 Brazilian public companies from 2001 to 2008, and found that debt level, size and growth rate can affect the working capital management of companies.

  20. On the legal nature of electricity supply contracts concluded by electricity companies and power stations generating electricity from renewable energy sources; Zur Rechtsnatur von Stromlieferungsvertraegen zwischen Elektrizitaetsversorgungsunternehmen und Erzeugern erneuerbarer Energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herrmann, B.J. [Rechtszentrum fuer Europaeische und Internationale Zusammenarbeit, Koeln (Germany)

    1998-12-31

    Section 2 of the German Act for enhanced use of electricity from renewable energy sources (StEG) defines the obligation to contract but not the contractual obligations, i.e. the conditions of performance of the contract (supply and purchase of electricity and the legal obligations of contractors). The analysis here shows that characterising this mandatory contract required by the act as an agreement of purchase and sale more appropriately describes the legal nature of the contract and the intent of the legislator than other contracts for supply and purchase of electricity, as for instance those concluded by electric utilities and their customers. One specific aspect elaborated by the author is that the StEG does not constitute an obligation to supply on the part of the renewable energy generating power station, so that the power station operator is not obliged to ensure availability of the electricity at any time or in terms of supplies that can be called off by the purchasing utility, whereas the electric utility is obliged by section 2 of the StEG to purchase the contractual amounts from the generating station. (orig./CB) [Deutsch] Paragraph 2 StEG konstituiert nicht etwa ein gesetzliches Schuldverhaeltnis, sondern beinhaltet einen Kontrahierungszwang. Der danach abzuschliessende Vertrag ist notwendige Voraussetzung des tatsaechlichen Leistungsaustausches und damit eigentliche Grundlage des Stromabnahmeverhaeltnisses. Die Untersuchung zeigt, dass die Charakterisierung als Kaufvertrag oder kaufaehnlicher Vertrag das Wesen des aufgrund des StEG geschlossenen Einspeisevertrages in mancher Hinsicht (noch) treffender beschreibt, als dies beim Stromversorgungsvertrag zwischen EltVU und Tarif- oder Sonderkunden der Fall ist. Besonders herauszustellen ist, dass den Erzeugern regenerativer Elektrizitaet durch das StEG keine Pflicht zur Stromeinspeisung auferlegt wird und fuer sie deshalb keine Notwendigkeit besteht, elektrische Leistung vorzuhalten. Fuer das in die

  1. The strategic ''pull'' and operational ''push'' of total quality management in UK regional electricity service companies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McAdam, R.; McLean, J.; Henderson, J.

    2003-04-30

    The aim of this paper is to evaluate whether the UK regional electricity companies (RECs) has used total quality management (TQM) as a ''push'' or as a ''pull'' change methodology. ''Push'' is the operational improvement role of TQM; ''pull'' is the strategic or direction giving, improvement role of TQM. Following the onset of privatisation in 1990 there has been evidence of the RECs adopting TQM in both ''push'' and ''pull'' methodologies with varying degrees of success. An evaluation of the change processes involved will enable improved change models to be developed leading to increased business effectiveness in this 30 billion pounds sterling industry. Other possible benefits include the possible generalisations to other utilities such as water, roads, gas and telecoms. The research methodology includes a comparative case study analysis of five RECs, which have used TQM as their overarching approach to change. One of the cases is analysed to a more in-depth level based on the multiple case findings. The findings indicate that the ''push-pull'' analysis enables the full range of TQM activities to be evaluated in the RECs studied. Overall, there is a need to have a balanced portfolio of operational or ''push''-based TQM activity that is driven by strategic or ''pull'' based TQM planning and activity. (author)

  2. Radiation risk perception by radiation professionals. Survey results just before the radiological accident at the Tokyo Electric Power Company Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From October to December 2010, just before the radiological accident at the Tokyo Electric Power Company Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, 71 radiation professionals belonging to the radiation facilities in Japan were asked what they consider as a 'safe' dose of radiation for themselves, their spouse, parents, children, brothers and friends. Although the 'safe' dose varied widely from less than 1 mSv/y to higher than 100 mSv/y, the average dose was 35.6 mSv/y that was around the middle point between the exposure dose limits for annual average (20 mSv/y) and for any single year (50 mSv/y). Similar results were obtained from another surveys for the members of Japan Radioisotope Association (36.9 mSv/y) and for the Oita Prefectural Hospital (36.8 mSv/y). Among the family members and friends, the minimum average 'safe' dose was 8.5 mSv/y for children, to whom 50% of responders claimed the 'safe' dose less than 1 mSv. Gender, age and specialty of the responder also affected the 'safe' dose. These findings suggest that the perception of radiation risk varies widely and that the legal exposure dose limit derived from the regulatory science may act as an anchor of safety even in radiation professionals. The different level of risk perception for different target groups in radiation professionals appears similar to those in non-professional whole population. The gap between these characteristics of real radiation professionals and the generally accepted picture of radiation professionals might take a part in a state of confusion after the radiological accident. (author)

  3. Gestão do desenvolvimento de produto em empresas de pequeno e médio porte do setor de máquinas e implementos agrícolas do Estado de SP Product development process management in small and medium-sized Brazilian companies in the agricultural machinery and implement industry sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos de Toledo

    2010-01-01

    The product development process (PDP, if well-structured and managed, can become a business process that directly influences the companies' competitiveness increase. The PDP in Brazilian SMEs in the agricultural machinery and implement industry Sector (AMI is little known since most publications on product development focuses on the reality of large and multinational companies, which have a quite different structure from SMEs. The purpose of this paper is to characterize and analyze the management maturity profiles of the product development process in small and medium sized Brazilian companies in the agricultural machinery and implement industry sector located in the state of São Paulo. Therefore, the addressed actions of PDP improvements in those companies can be undertaken. A survey research was conducted in 40 companies. An in loco interview was applied to the respective individual in-charge of PDP by means of a structured questionnaire. For the data analysis, descriptive statistics and the multivariate cluster analysis techniques were used. The findings indicated that the SMEs in AMIs of the state of Sao Paulo present a heterogeneous structure with respect to PDP management. Three groups of companies were identified in the sample with different maturity PDP profiles: Group I (20% of companies in the sample, Group II (50% of the sample, and Group III (30% of the sample. Differences in the management of PDP were observed, especially among companies of Group I (smallest level of PDP maturity and Group III (highest level of PDP maturity. However, despite the differences in PDP management presented in the groups of companies, according to the literature on PDP management, all groups are in the basic (initial maturity level of PDP. The identification of the maturity level, in which these companies are, can help the determination of activities that link the internal actions to improve the PDP of these companies and the proposal of specific public policies that encourage the

  4. Environmental management and operational performance in automotive companies in Brazil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jabbour, C.J.C.; De Sousa Jabbour, A.B.L.; Govindan, Kannan;

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of this study is to verify the influence of Environmental Management (EM) on Operational Performance (OP) in Brazilian automotive companies, analyzing whether Lean Manufacturing (LM) and Human Resources (HR) interfere in the greening of these companies. Therefore, a conceptual...

  5. Green Chemistry, Green Engineering and Eco-Innovation Towards a More Sustainable Petrochemical Industry: Determinants of Brazilian Petrochemical Companies´ Engagement in GCE-Based Eco-Innovation Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Freire da Silva, Paulo

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ It is the general wisdom, within the petrochemical industrial sector, that technological changes, for the development of cleaner products, processes and services, is a basic requirement for companies to achieve advanced states of environmental and economic sustainability in the 21st century. It is also agreed that to innovate is essential for this industry make the necessary advancements and to reconcile the firms´ interests of being profitable, in the short-term,...

  6. The Corporate Governance of Privately Controlled Brazilian Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Érica C. R. Gorga

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available We provide an overview of the corporate governance practices of Brazilian public companies, based primarily on an extensive 2005 survey of 116 companies. We focus on the 88 responding Brazilian private firms which are not majority owned by the state or a foreign company. We identify areas where Brazilian corporate governance is relatively strong and weak. Board independence is an area of weakness: The boards of most Brazilian private firms are comprised entirely or almost entirely of insiders or representatives of the controlling family or group. Many firms have zero independent directors. At the same time, minority shareholders have legal rights to representation on the boards of many firms, and this representation is reasonably common. Financial disclosure lags behind world standards. Only a minority of firms provide a statement of cash flows or consolidated financial statements. However, many provide English language financial statements, and an English language version of their website. Audit committees are uncommon, but many Brazilian firms use an alternate approach to ensuring financial statement accuracy – establishing a fiscal board. A minority of firms provide takeout rights to minority shareholders on a sale of control. Controlling shareholders often use shareholders agreements to ensure control.

  7. Implementation of the Brazilian national repository

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tello, Cledola Cassia Oliveira de, E-mail: tellocc@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    Ionizing radiation in Brazil is used in electricity generation, medicine, industry, agriculture and for research and development purposes. All these activities can generate radioactive waste. At this point, in Brazil, the use of nuclear energy and radioisotopes justifies the construction of a national repository for radioactive wastes of low and intermediate-level. According to Federal Law No. 10308, Brazilian National Commission for Nuclear Energy (CNEN) is responsible for designing and constructing the intermediate and final storages for radioactive wastes. Additionally, a restriction on the construction of Angra 3 is that the repository is under construction until its operation start, attaining some requirements of the Brazilian Environmental Regulator (IBAMA). The RBMN Project (Repository for Low and Intermediate-Level Radioactive Wastes) aims at the implantation of a National Repository for disposal of low and intermediate-level of radiation wastes. This Project has some aspects that are unique in the Brazilian context, especially referring to the time between its construction and the end of its institutional period. This time is about 360 years, when the area will be released for unrestricted uses. It means that the Repository must be safe and secure for more than three hundred years, which is longer than half of the whole of Brazilian history. This aspect is very new for the Brazilian people, bringing a new dimension to public acceptance. Another point is this will be the first repository in South America, bringing a real challenge for the continent. The current status of the Project is summarized. (author)

  8. Ajustes aos US-GAAPS: estudo empírico sobre sua relevância para empresas brasileiras com ADRs negociados na bolsa de Nova Iorque Adjustments to US-GAAPS: empirical study on their relevance for brazilian companies with ADR traded on the New York exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Moraes da Costa

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available A relevância das informações disponibilizadas ao mercado por empresas brasileiras com American Depositary Recepts (ADRs negociados na Bolsa de Nova Iorque foi avaliada neste trabalho. Essas empresas devem atender à exigência da Securities and Exchange Commission e elaborar suas demonstrações contábeis de acordo com os United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US-GAAP até 30 de junho, anualmente. Diante desse fato, dois conjuntos de informações estão disponíveis, promovendo a base de dados para o estudo da relevância das variáveis lucro líquido e patrimônio líquido para o período entre 1999 e 2003. Após a utilização do modelo desenvolvido por Ohlson (1995 e de seus desdobramentos posteriores, os resultados evidenciam que (1 as informações elaboradas segundo os princípios de contabilidade geralmente aceitos no Brasil são relevantes; (2 as informações em US-GAAP disponibilizadas em junho possuem menor ou igual relevância do que as divulgadas em abril e (3 os ajustes aos US-GAAP efetuados no patrimônio líquido são relevantes para o mercado de capitais brasileiro.This study evaluated the value-relevance of the information disclosed by Brazilian companies with American Depositary Receipts traded on the New York Stock Exchange. Those companies must comply with the requirement of the Securities and Exchange Commission and elaborate their financial statements according to the United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US-GAAP until 30th of June, annually. Thus, two sets of information are available, providing data to evaluate the value-relevance of the variables net income and stockholders’ equity, from 1999 to 2003. After applying the model Ohlson developed in 1995 and its further developments, results indicate that (1 the information elaborated according to the generally accepted accounting principles in Brazil are value-relevant; (2 the relevance of the information in US-GAAP made available

  9. Conservadorismo contábil e timeliness: evidências empíricas nas demonstrações contábeis de empresas Brasileiras com ADRs negociados na bolsa de Nova Iorque Accounting conservatism and timeliness: empirical evidence in financial statements of Brazilian companies with ADRs traded on the New York stock exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Sérgio Ribeiro dos Santos

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo investiga o nível de utilização do conservadorismo e da oportunidade (timeliness da informação contábil nas demonstrações contábeis de empresas brasileiras com ADRs negociados na Bolsa de Nova Iorque. Essas empresas apresentam suas demonstrações contábeis tanto conforme o modelo contábil brasileiro quanto segundo o norte-americano, atendendo às exigências da Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC. Os dados foram coletados compreendendo o período de 1999 a 2004 e aplicou-se o modelo de Basu (BASU, 1997 para a avaliação da oportunidade e do conservadorismo da informação contábil. Os resultados encontrados indicam que (1 não há diferenças no nível de utilização do conservadorismo e (2 o lucro contábil segundo o modelo brasileiro seria mais oportuno do que o norte-americano. Assim, as evidências contribuem para o atual debate sobre a inserção do Brasil no atual estágio de convergência de demonstrações contábeis.This study investigates the timeliness and the degree of conservatism in fi nancial statements disclosed by Brazilian companies with ADRs traded on the New York Stock Exchange. According to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC, those companies must disclose accounting information according to the Brazilian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (BR GAAP as well as the United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP. The data were collected between 1999 and 2004 and the Basu Model (BASU, 1997 was applied to evaluate earnings timeliness and conservatism. The results are: (1 there is no difference in earnings conservatism and (2 earnings according to the BR GAAP are more timely than those according to the US GAAP. The evidence contributes to the current debate about the role of Brazil in the current stage of the convergence process.

  10. Hydro, thermal and photovoltaic power plants: A comparison between electric power generation, environmental impacts and CO2 emissions in the Brazilian scenario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana D’ Angela Mariano, Francielle Rocha Santos, Gabriel Wolanski Brito, Jair Urbanetz Junior, Eloy Fassi Casagrande Junior

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The challenge of sustainability is present in electricity generation. The sources should be renewable, and production should respect the environment and all forms of life. Being the main energy sources in Brazil, hydroelectric and thermal power plants have drawbacks when considering environmental impacts. In contrast, the use of photovoltaic energy is a sustainable alternative, pollution-free in its operating phase and with significantly less impact in its construction phase. The purpose of this article is to make a relation between the electricity generated by the hydroelectric Itaipu plant, the thermoelectric complex Jorge Lacerda, the Eletronuclear plant, and the analysis of a photovoltaic plant proposal for these three scenarios. The relation between the production of electricity in Itaipu, Jorge Lacerda, and Eletronuclear power plants, and the projected energy production of a photovoltaic plant for each scenario was obtained through calculations according to the area of each plant, generating a comparison between the installed power of the referred plants, and the estimated installed capacity for the projected photovoltaic plant. The environmental impacts were assessed for the different scenarios, and CO2 emissions were quantified. The calculated results show that the installed power of the projected photovoltaic plant was significantly higher than the installed power of the existing plants. The photovoltaic plant’s capacity factor, for the proposed study, was of 15%, and the projected annual photovoltaic energy for the respective areas presented significantly higher values, of approximately 330,180.40 TWh in comparison to Itaipu plant, while in comparison to Jorge Lacerda plant, for instance, it was of approximately 428,229.23 TWh, whereas to Eletronuclear it was 0.0288 TWh. The results of this study show that photovoltaic plants with equivalent areas of Itaipu and Jorge Lacerda power plants, could generate higher annual energy

  11. Análise da relação entre gerenciamento de resultados e custo de capital em empresas brasileiras listadas na BM&FBOVESPA = Analysis of the Relationship Between Results-Based Management and Cost of Equity in Brazilian Companies Listed in BM&FBOVESPA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geovanne Dias de Moura

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available O estudo objetivou analisar a relação entre o gerenciamento de resultados contábeis e o custo de capital próprio e de terceiros em empresas brasileiras listadas na BM&FBovespa. Para tal, realizou-se pesquisa descritiva, conduzida por meio de análise documental e abordagem quantitativa dos dados referentes ao período de 2010 a 2013 de uma amostra composta de 217 empresas. Os resultados evidenciaram que houve elevação do custo de capital próprio. No que tange ao custo de capital de terceiros, quando analisado por meio da variável Kd, constatou-se que ocorreu uma pequena redução de 31,81% para 28,37%. Ao analisar o custo de capital de terceiros, por meio da variável Ki, constatou-se que houve aumento de 23,94% para 30,13%. Os resultados evidenciaram destaque para os gerenciamentos de baixas proporções, principalmente a partir do ano de 2011. Também entre as empresas analisadas aquelas com menor gerenciamento de resultados não apresentavam menor custo de capital próprio e de terceiros. The study aimed at analyzing the relationship between results-based management and the company's cost of equity and its third party in Brazilian companies listed in BM&FBovespa. To this end, a descriptive research was conducted through documentary analysis and quantitative analysis of the data from 2010 to 2013 from a sample of 217 companies. The results revealed that the cost of equity rose in the period of 2010 to 2013. With respect to the cost of third party, when analyzed by Kd variable, it was found out a slight decrease from 31,81% to 28,37%. When analyzing the cost of third party by Ki variable, it was noticed an increase from 23,94% to 30,13% between 2010 and 2013. As for management, the results showed significance for the low proportion managements, especially since 2011. The results also showed that, among the analyzed companies, those with lower results-based management did not have lower cost of equity and third party.

  12. State Grid, for Example the Enterprise Social Responsibility Management of Electric Power Company%以国家电网为例的电力企业信息管理系统探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭冬娟

    2014-01-01

    随着经济、社会的发展,企业需要承担相应的社会责任已经成为全球趋势,研究企业社会责任,加强社会责任管理势在必行。本文在以国家电网公司为例研究电力企业的企业社会责任管理,在分析已有企业社会责任管理理论及模型的基础上,建立了适用于电力企业的塔状企业社会责任管理模型。并对电力企业进行企业社会责任管理提出建议。%With the development of economy and society,companies need to bear the social responsibility has become a global trend,the study of corporate social responsibility and strengthen the management of social responsibility is imperative.In this paper,state grid,for example study the enterprise social responsibility management of electric power company,on the basis of the analysis of the existing corporate social responsibility management theory and model, the establishment of a pyramid-shaped corporate social responsibility management model.that apply to electric power company.And make some advise for electric power company in corporate social responsibility management.

  13. Consumers free of electric power. A practical vision; Consumidores livres de energia eletrica. Uma visao pratica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Florezi, Guilherme

    2009-07-01

    In the new environment of the Brazilian electric power sector, since the changes in the institutional model beginning in 1993, electrical sector agents entered into a highly competitive market, particularly in the case of the consumers which have had the possibility to choose their supplier of electricity in accordance with rules and restrictions that have been modified over the years. The consumer that fits this profile, was named free consumer whom in accordance with the rules and restrictions dictated by the National Electric Energy Agency (ANEEL), will have the option of electrical energy delivery through other companies, instead of the company that holds granting of the area where the consumer in question is physically located. The other costumers, that could not be qualified as free, remain captive, unable to choose for their supply from outside the area where the original grant is located. The studies presented here are an important starting point for research on free energy consumers and their behavior in order to provide subsidies to the readers to get a better understanding of the history of the Brazilian energy sector and the free market, with emphasis on free consumers, to thereby enable their potential bases for a possible study of migration to the free market . (author)

  14. The carbon footprint of exported Brazilian yellow melon

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brito de Figueirêdo, M.C.; Kroeze, C.; Potting, J.; Silva Barros, da V.; Sousa de Aragão, A.; Sonsol Gondim, R.; Boer, de I.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    The carbon footprint of food has become important for producers worldwide as consumers and retail companies increasingly base their purchase decisions on carbon footprint labels. In this context, our objectives is to assess the carbon footprint (CF) of Brazilian yellow melon exported from the Low Ja

  15. CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY PRACTICES AT BRAZILIAN FIRMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Galego-Álvarez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Corporate Social Responsibility practices have been on the rise in recent years in firms all over the world. Brazil, as one of the most important countries emerging on the international scene, is no exception to this, with more and more firms taking up these practices. The present study focuses on analyzing the corporate social responsibility practices that Brazilian companies engage into. The sample used is comprised of 500 firms grouped by geographical area; the theoretical framework is based on stakeholder and institutional theories; and the technique used for the analysis is the biplot, more specifically the HJ Biplot and cluster analysis. From the results obtained it is possible to infer that the CSR variables corresponding to environmental practices are more closely linked to companies located in the northern areas of Brazil. Social and community practices are related to companies primarily in the southern and northeastern regions of the country.

  16. Co-combustion of refuse derived fuel and coal in a cyclone furnace at the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, C. P. Crane Station

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-03-01

    A co-combustion demonstration burn of coal and fluff refuse-derived fuel (RDF) was conducted by Teledyne National and Baltimore Gas and Electric Company. This utility has two B and W cyclone furnaces capable of generating 400 MW. The facility is under a prohibition order to convert from No. 6 oil to coal; as a result, it was desirable to demonstrate that RDF, which has a low sulfur content, can be burned in combination with coals containing up to 2% sulfur, thus reducing overall sulfur emissions without deleterious effects. Each furnace consists of four cyclones capable of generating 1,360,000 pounds per hour steam. The tertiary air inlet of one of the cyclones was modified with an adapter to permit fluff RDF to be pneumatically blown into the cyclone. At the same time, coal was fed into the cyclone furnace through the normal coal feeding duct, where it entered the burning chamber tangentially and mixed with the RDF during the burning process. Secondary shredded fluff RDF was prepared by the Baltimore County Resource Recovery Facility. The RDF was discharged into a receiving station consisting of a belt conveyor discharging into a lump breaker, which in turn, fed the RDF into a pneumatic line through an air-lock feeder. A total of 2316 tons were burned at an average rate of 5.6 tons per hour. The average heat replacement by RDF for the cyclone was 25%, based on Btu input for a period of forty days. The range of RDF burned was from 3 to 10 tons per hour, or 7 to 63% heat replacement. The average analysis of the RDF (39 samples) for moisture, ash, heat (HHV) and sulfur content were 18.9%, 13.4%, 6296 Btu/lb and 0.26% respectively. RDF used in the test was secondary shredded through 1-1/2 inch grates producing the particle size distribution of from 2 inches to .187 inches. Findings to date after inspection of the boiler and superheater indicate satisfactory results with no deleterious effects from the RDF.

  17. Evaluation on Market Power of Generation Companies in Regional Electricity Market Based on Principal Component Analysis%基于主成分分析的区域电力市场厂商市场力评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李泓泽; 王宝; 郭森

    2011-01-01

    电力工业特殊性决定了电力市场中发电市场属于寡头垄断市场,发电商或多或少拥有一定的市场力.在对厂商市场力影响因素进行详细分析的基础上,探讨并构建了区域电力市场厂商市场力主要评估指标.以IEEE30节点区域电力市场某一交易时段为例,基于经济调度,应用主成分分析方法,对市场中6个发电商的市场力水平进行了综合评估.结果表明各厂商市场力水平各异;各评估指标对市场力水平均有较大的影响,为市场监管及运营部门对厂商市场力识别、评估和控制提供了一定的依据和参考.%The specificity of power industry determines that the power generation market in electricity market belongs to an oligopoly market in which each generation company more or less possesses certain market power. On the basis of detailed analysis on the factors that influence the market power of generation companies, major evaluation indices for market power of generation companies in regional electricity market are discussed and established. By taking a transaction period in a regional electricity market of IEEE30-bus power system as an instance, this paper comprehensively evaluates market power levels of six generation companies by using of principal component analysis method based on economic dispatching. Results show that market power level of each company is different and that all evaluation indices affect market power level greatly. The works in this paper will provide certain basis and references for market regulators and operators to identify, evaluate and control market power of generation companies.

  18. Comic-book Crás!: Brazilian Comics and Publishing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waldomiro Vergueiro

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article has the objective of rescuing the trajectory of Brazilian comics in the 1970s, a period considered of special relevance for the advancement of the sequential graphic art in Brazil. In this period, initiatives of small publishing companies located in some Brazilian states can be seen, and, also, the efforts of big publishing companies to publish national material. As a case study, it presents the Crás! magazine, produced by Editora Abril of São Paulo, that congregated veteran and young gifted professionals of the Brazilian sequential graphic art. The analysis of this publication discloses the difficulties Brazilian comics faced, considering the necessities and limits of the commercial publishing companies and the publishing market in the country.

  19. Análise das Políticas de Incentivos Fiscais nos Municípios Brasileiros: o caso da instalação da Grendene no Município de Teixeira de Freitas = Analysis of the Tax Break policies in Brazilian municipalities: the case of the installation of Grendene Company in Teixeira de Freitas Municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa Gabrielle Soares Marinho de Oliveira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Os incentivos fiscais são mecanismos utilizados pelo Estado para atrair novos investimentos para sua região, com o intuito de gerar crescimento econômico. No entanto, não se sabe ao certo se a concessão desses benefícios realmente gera crescimento para as regiões e renda para a população. Nesse contexto, o objetivo deste estudo consiste em identificar eventuais impactos da política de incentivos fiscais adotada pelo município de Teixeira de Freitas no crescimento e na geração de renda para a população. Para isso, foi utilizada a análise documental e métodos estatísticos. Foram analisadas variáveis que são influenciadas pela concessão dos incentivos fiscais, tais como o PIB, admissões e desligamentos no período, comportamento das indústrias, arrecadação e repasse de ICMS e repasse de IPI, bem como o recente levantamento do IBGE sobre o perfil dos municípios brasileiros. De modo geral, os dados apontaram para um crescimento econômico do município, o que tende a corroborar a premissa de cunho teórico de que os incentivos fiscais efetivamente geram crescimento econômico. Porém, não se pode afirmar, somente a partir da realização desta pesquisa, que tal crescimento foi gerado pela concessão de incentivos fiscais. Nesse sentido, o presente estudo contribui para tornar esse assunto mais evidente e fomentar novas pesquisas. Tax incentives are mechanisms used by the State to attract new investments for generating economic growth in its region. However, no one knows for sure if the granting of such benefits actually creates growth for the regions and income for the population. In this context, this study aims at identifying whether the tax incentive policies adopted by the city of Teixeira de Freitas, Bahia State, Brazil, for installing the Grendene S.A. company (Brazilian company of shoe manufacturing has brought economic growth to the city and generated income for the population. For this purpose, documentary analysis

  20. Análise discriminante como preditiva de dificuldades financeiras em empresas brasileiras do mercado acionário = Discriminant analysis as a predictive tool of financial difficulties in brazilian companies in the share market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Aparecido Teixeira

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Verificar a situação econômico-financeira de uma empresa pressupõe a análise conjunta de suas demonstrações contábeis, no intuito de prever as condições futuras de gerar resultados e de honrar seus compromissos. O presente artigo tem como objetivo estimar funções discriminantes para os grupos de empresas lucrativas, intermediárias e deficitárias, listadas na BM&FBOVESPA, no período de 2009 a 2011. Os procedimentos metodológicos utilizados caracterizam o estudo como pesquisa descritiva, documental e quantitativa. Os dados utilizados foram coletados do ®banco Economática . As empresas pertencentes ao setor financeiro e de serviços não foram consideradas na análise e aquelas que não apresentaram os dados requeridos foram excluídas, resultando em uma amostra de 255 organizações. ®A análise dos dados foi efetuada com o uso do software SPSS , tendo como variável de reunião os três grupos de empresas e como variáveis explicativas os indicadores econômico-financeiros de liquidez, rentabilidade e estrutura de capital. A análise dos dados permitiu identificar a existência de separação entre os grupos, apontando a Composição do Endividamento como a variável que melhor representa essa separação. Duas funções foram criadas. A primeira delas que segrega as empresas lucrativas das intermediárias, apresentou alta capacidade para demonstrar as diferenças entre os grupos. A segunda função discriminante representou apenas o poder residual para segregação entre as empresas intermediárias e as deficitárias. The objective of this study is to verify the economic-financial situation of some companies. For that, it is required the joint analysis of their financial statements in order to predict future conditions which will generate results and honor their commitments. This paper aims at estimating discriminant functions for groups of profitable, intermediary and lossmaking companies listed on the BM&FBOVESPA within 2009

  1. The effectiveness of the Brazilian customs activity as a conditioning of the partnership and business results among oil and gas companies; A efetividade da atividade aduaneira brasileira como condicionante dos resultados das aliancas e negocios entre empresas de petroleo e gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Helio Fernando R. [Ministerio da Fazenda, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Terceiro Conselho de Contribuintes; Pires, Adilson Rodrigues [Contex - Consultoria em Administracao e Comercio Exterior, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Alves, Ronaldo J. [Ronaldo Alves e Associados, Consultores em Exploracao e Producao, RJ (Brazil)

    2000-07-01

    The thriving of the national oil and gas production depends in major part on the effectiveness of the import operations at non-definitive title made under the customs special regime named Special Customs Regime for Export and Import of Goods for Oil and Natural Gas Exploration and Production Activities - REPETRO. This regime has not totally complied with the targets it has been conceived for, that is, to enable the development of the oil and gas industry at the least import costs in a legal stable environment. This regime is a precarious norm, conceived in a hurry, aiming solely at not unveiling the big threat to the forming of partnerships among companies acting in the commerce of import and/or export of equipment for the exploration and production in the Brazilian territory, that is, the intent of the Federal Fiscal Administration to using the import tax, an extra-fiscal tax by its nature, as a mere collecting instrument. This fact becomes evident from a more detailed analysis of certain aspects of the REPETRO normative structure. (author)

  2. Evaluating efficiency in the Brazilian trucking industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Fernandes Wanke

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the issue of efficiency in the Brazilian motor carrier industry using both DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis and SFA (Stochastic Frontier Analysis in a complimentary fashion. The study is based on secondary data collected from Transporte Moderno/Maiores e Melhores, a specialized magazine that annually reports statistics on the largest Brazilian trucking companies. Results corroborate not only that increasing returns to scale prevail within this industry, but also provide support for a moderate impact of economies of scope on efficiency levels. Implications in terms of mergers and acquisitions and the impact of cargo diversity and the geographical scope of the operation on virtual efficiency levels are also addressed.

  3. Evaluating efficiency in the Brazilian trucking industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Fernandes Wanke

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the issue of efficiency in the Brazilian motor carrier industry using both DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis and SFA (Stochastic Frontier Analysis in a complimentary fashion. The study is based on secondary data collected from Transporte Moderno/Maiores e Melhores, a specialized magazine that annually reports statistics on the largest Brazilian trucking companies. Results corroborate not only that increasing returns to scale prevail within this industry, but also provide support for a moderate impact of economies of scope on efficiency levels. Implications in terms of mergers and acquisitions and the impact of cargo diversity and the geographical scope of the operation on virtual efficiency levels are also addressed.

  4. Project of law modified by the Senate relative to the electric and gas public utilities and to the electric and gas companies; Projet de loi modifie par le Senat relatif au service public de l'electricite et du gaz et aux entreprises electriques et gazieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This project of law aims to adapt the electricity and gas sector to the new economical context of opening of the energy markets to competition. It gives to energy companies the internal organization base necessary to warrant a high level of service and a transparent and non-discriminatory access of third parties to transport and distribution networks. These evolutions will allow Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) companies to compete on equal terms with their European competitors. It confirms first the prime role of public utility of both companies and then transposes the dispositions of the European directives relative to the organization of EdF and GdF integrated companies. It foresees the creation of two daughter companies for the management of energy transport activities. The project of law foresees also the change of the status of EdF and GdF companies and the reform of the retirement pensions of the personnel. This report presents the modifications added by the Senate to the text of law adopted at first reading by the House of Commons. (J.S.)

  5. 偏度风险价值下供电公司/电力零售公司动态购电组合策略%A Skewness-VaR Based Dynamic Electricity Purchasing Strategy for Power Supply Companies/Retail Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈彦州; 赵俊华; 文福拴; 杨首晖; 方日升

    2011-01-01

    In the electricity market environment, a power supply company or a retail company needs to predict the electricity prices in various markets so as to develop an optimal purchasing strategy. Theoretically, the higher-order moments of the profit function associated with the retail company concerned, especially the third moment or the so-called skewness are not negligible in the decision-making process; or in other word, in building an optimal purchasing strategy for a retail company it is necessary to reasonably account for the skewness of its profit function, and hence it is demanding to study the expression form and application approach of the skewness. Moreover, the electricity purchasing procedure is dynamic in nature due to uncertain load demands. Given this background, a skewness-VaR (value at risk) based dynamic model is presented for developing the optimal electricity purchasing strategy in multiple markets by quantifying the risk with the VaR and skewness. An auto reverse model is utilized to estimate the load demand. By employing this model, a retail company can reasonably allocate the electricity amount to be purchased among various markets dynamically so as to make a compromise between maximizing the profit and minimizing the risk associated. The developed method provides retail companies a new tool for assisting decision-making and risk management in the dynamic electricity purchasing process. Finally, a sample example is served for demonstrating the essential features of the developed model and method.%在存在多个不同类型市场的环境下,供电公司或电力零售公司(简称零售公司)需提前对各市场的电价进行预测以构造最优购电策略.理论上,零售公司只有合理计及购电收益函数的3阶矩(即偏度)才可能得到最优购电策略,因此有必要研究偏度的具体表达形式和应用方法.由于负荷需求具有不确定性,购电过程就具有动态特征.在此背景下,以风险价值(VaR)指

  6. Terceirização de serviços de tecnologia de informação em organizações brasileiras Information technology outsourcing by Brazilian companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmir Parada Vasques Prado

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar a terceirização de serviços de Tecnologia de Informação (TI. A pesquisa abrange as organizações de porte médio e grande do setor privado localizadas no Brasil. Utilizou-se uma amostra não probabilística contendo 267 serviços terceirizados, presentes em 71 organizações. Os dados foram coletados por meio de questionário e tratados estatisticamente através de técnicas não paramétricas. A pesquisa representa um estudo descritivo, verificando freqüências e relações entre variáveis que caracterizam a organização, os serviços terceirizados e os arranjos contratuais. A partir de um modelo proposto para análise da terceirização da TI, foi possível identificar quatro grupos distintos de organizações e descrever suas características organizacionais, as razões mais freqüentes para terceirizar, as categorias de serviços mais terceirizadas e os arranjos contratuais mais adotados. Adicionalmente, foram identificadas três possíveis relações de causa e efeito entre as características organizacionais, as categorias de serviços terceirizados e os arranjos contratuais.Information Technology outsourcing activities by medium and large sized private companies in Brazil were analyzed. Included were 267 outsourced services in 71 organizations, however this was not a random sample. Data was collected by questionnaire and analyzed by non-parametric statistical methods. This was a descriptive study of the variables describing organization characteristics, outsourced services and contractual arrangements. Four groups of companies were identified and distinguished by the amount of outsourcing as well the most common outsourcing reasons, activities and models of contracts. Discussion about three possible cause and effect relationships of these variables was included.

  7. Analysis Brazilian preference shares: financial liabilities or equity instruments?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Lucia de Almeida

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian preference shares, in general, except when they present specific features, such as mandatory redemption and cumulative dividends, meet the accounting definition of equity instruments. However, the scientific literature believes that those shares that do not have discretion to avoid the delivery of cash must be classified as financial liabilities. In a context in which remain differences of understanding of their proper accounting treatment, the following question arises: preferred shares of Brazilian companies are being recognized in the financial statements in accordance with the theoretical and normative precepts? Thus, the aim of this study is to verify if the preference shares of Brazilian companies have been recognized in the financial statements for according to the scientific literature and accounting standards. Through content analysis, we analyzed the information of 157 companies listed on BM&FBOVESPA. The results show that 155 companies classify its preference shares as equity instruments and two as financial liabilities. These two companies, as well as 149 of those which qualify as equity instruments, are treating them properly in its accounting. The other six companies should present its preference shares as liabilities, given the absence of discretion to avoid cash delivery, feature present in financial liabilities, unlike equity instruments. It is noticed that, unlike what happens, for instance, in the US market, it is not possible to classify all Brazilian preference shares as a financial liability, since, in Brazil , they are used in different legal format of those widely found in that market. Moreover, almost all of the analyzed shares have essential features for classification as equity instruments. Hence, the importance of analysis of the economic essence of each instrument, thus, enabling the appropriate accounting treatment in the financial statements.

  8. The PETROBRAS and the end of monopoly: a legal vision of the new tendency of the Brazilian oil company; A PETROBRAS e a flexibilizacao do monopolio: visao juridica sobre os novos rumos da empresa petrolifera brasileira

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Camara, Camila Gomes; Silva, Julianne Holder da Camara; Xavier, Yanko Marcius de Alencar [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Programa de Recursos Humanos em Direito do Petroleo e Gas Natural

    2008-07-01

    The situation in the oil industry in Brazil has a history that predates the creation of PETROBRAS, dating from approximately end of the nineteenth century, but only with the state economic sector that was spent to develop the full steam, so that Law No. 2.004 / 53 was the real point for the insertion of that product domestically. However after the issue of Constitutional Amendment No 09/95, requiring the creation of a law for the industry itself, from then on PETROBRAS is no longer the only one in the industry, and will act in competition with other private companies. With the promulgation of Law 9.478/97 has been subject to supervision and control by the National Petroleum Agency, Regulatory Agency sector. In this context the present study aims to show how the state was in the national market and its integration within international oil, bringing relevant points as the paid procedure disciplined in Article 22, Section 2 of the law cited, and its position as a leader in offshore production. (author)

  9. The Ten-Year 2007-2016 Plan of Power Expansion in the context of the recovering of Brazilian electric sector planning: advances and possible enhancements; O Plano Decenal de Expansao de Energia 2007/2016 no contexto da retomada do planejamento do setor eletrico brasileiro: avancos e possiveis aprimoramentos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buratini, Ricardo [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (IE/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Economia

    2008-07-01

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the methodology for power consumption projection presented in the Ten-year (2007-2016) Plan of Power Expansion (PDEE 2007/2016) and to propose some questions for discussion. Indeed, bearing in mind the progress achieved in the recent past with respect to the resumption of long term planning in the Brazilian electric power sector, it is pertinent to promote a discussion about the possible limitations of the expansion methodology proposed in PDEE. In short, it is believed that, starting from such a discussion, it could be possible to contribute towards the aim of making the planning process of the Brazilian electric power sector expansion more transparent, more consistent and more participative, consequently bringing a greater convergence of the expectations of the agents of the sector. The main questions raised in this paper about the PDEE's methodology are with respect to the absence of sufficient detail about the interactive adjustment of the several models used to project the consumption, as well as to the lack of information about the models themselves. The general conclusion of this paper is that, in order that the PDEE meets its objective of providing correct signals to all the agents, it is necessary to include more incisively the sector's specialists and the private agents in the methodological discussions, so that no important doubts will remain about the various projections. In our understanding, the success of such an enterprise will depend not only on the disposition of the agents, but on the greater detail and depth that should be previously given to the questions raised in this paper. It is certainly a significant challenge, of a high complexity but of an even higher importance to the electric power sector and to the Brazilian economy. (author)

  10. FRAUD DETECTION IN ELECTRIC POWER DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS USING AN ANN-BASED KNOWLEDGE-DISCOVERY PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Breno C. Costa

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays the electric utilities have to handle problems with the non-technical losses caused by frauds and thefts committed by some of their consumers. In order to minimize this, some methodologies have been created to perform the detection of consumers that might be fraudsters. In this context, the use of classification techniques can improve the hit rate of the fraud detection and increase the financial income. This paper proposes the use of the knowledge-discovery in databases process based on artificial neural networks applied to the classifying process of consumers to be inspected. An experiment performed in a Brazilian electric power distribution company indicated an improvement of over 50% of the proposed approach if compared to the previous methods used by that company.

  11. Pricing of contract options for electric power; Precificacao de contrato de opcoes de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, Leticia; Gunn, Laura Keiko; Correia, Paulo B. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (FEM/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica. Dept. de Energia

    2008-07-01

    The reorganization of the electric sector has improved the opportunity of energy trade through contracts, which have to be considered on the risk evaluation for generating companies. Different types of contracts have been used in electric energy commercialization. This work develops a model for option contract pricing. The classic model of options pricing used in the financial market is based in Black- Scholes. Due to the inherent feature of the Brazilian electrical system, with a strong predominance of hydroelectricity, the seasonal swing of the electricity price is the main source of contractual risk. So, the Black-Scholes model very is not adjusted. To deal with the uncertainties, this work uses an approach based on analysis of scenarios and binomial trees. Case studies are analyzed with binomial tree to calculate the price of the option contract. (author)

  12. Quality Change in Brazilian Automobiles

    OpenAIRE

    Renato Fonseca

    2015-01-01

    In this paper I investigate the quality evolution of Brazilian autos. To measure the quality evolution of Brazilian autos, I have assembled a data set for Brazilian passenger cars for the period 1960/94, to which I have applied the hedonic pricing methodology. To the best of my knowledge, this is the first time an index of quality change has been constructed for the Brazilian automobile industry. The results presented here have two major implications. They allow a better understanding of prod...

  13. 共享服务管理助力电力集团企业的发展%Shared Service Management to Boost the Development of Electric Power Group Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张成刚

    2016-01-01

    With more and more intense competition in globalization of markets,multinational companies and group companies are expanding their size. At the same time, promoting the core competitiveness have been the aim of the whole company,they all focus on how to gain the development advantages by high efficiency and low cost enterprise management. In today's information age of high-speed transmission,information shar⁃ing has become a common cognition of the times, information sharing has brought high efficient utilization of resources. It is found in the process of enterprise management that information can be shared to create production benefit, so the research of how to implement shared services in enterprise management is mean⁃ingful. First the connotation and characters of shared service are introduced,then combined with the specific practices in electric power group companies,the difference and relationship between before and after sharing service is implemented is compared and analyzed. Finally, the conclusion is drawn that the application of shared service is practical meaningful for electric group companies.%随着越来越激烈的全球化市场竞争,跨国公司、集团公司的规模在不断扩张的同时,如何通过高效、低成本的企业管理,形成企业发展的特殊优势,进而提升企业的核心竞争力,成为公司上下共同奋斗的目标。在当今信息高速传播的时代,信息共享已经成为时代的普遍认知,信息共享带来了资源的高效利用。同时,在企业管理过程中,发现信息能够达到共享,创造生产效益,那么研究如何在集团公司实现共享服务是有意义的。本文从共享服务管理模式的内涵、特征等着手,结合电力集团企业的具体实践,比较分析了共享服务前后的区别和联系,总结出共享服务在电力集团企业,具有很强的推广实施意义。

  14. INTERNATIONALIZATION STRATEGIES OF THE BRAZILIAN MEAT AGRIBUSINESS SECTOR: EXPORTS OR DIRECT INVESTMENT ABROAD?

    OpenAIRE

    Stal, Eva; Sereia, Vanderlei José; Silva, Ricardo Cesso da

    2010-01-01

    The article analyzes the internationalization strategies of the four largest Brazilian companies in the meat (beef, pork and poultry) agribusiness sector, by considering the comparative and competitive advantages of the country and the companies. JBS, Marfrig, Sadia and Perdigão were studied, of which the last two merged in May 2009, forming Brasil Foods. The authors looked into what led these companies to start investing  abroad directly, as from 2005, as a complement to their exports, the p...

  15. Strategic planning and controlling model for electricity distribution concessionaires in Brazil; Modelo de planejamento estrategico e de controle de gestao para as empresas distribuidoras de energia eletrica no Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Margueron, Marcus Vinicius Lourenco

    2008-02-15

    Corporate strategies of agents operating in the electric power sector must be constantly aligned with current regulatory structure. This thesis presents an innovative study, which allows the definition of strategies for distributors located in the partially deregulated Brazilian electric power sector, in which the coexistence of regulation and competition results in business environments where competitive threats and cooperation opportunities must be very well managed. It concludes that the best competitive strategy for Brazilian distributors should be cost leadership aiming at encouraging fidelity of the three complementary agents able to freely circulate between both different environments of electric power contracting in Brazil - regulated contracting environment and free contracting environment. These three complementary agents are potentially free consumers, power producers and technology companies. (author)

  16. The Brazilian Nuclear Energy Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A survey is initially of the international-and national situation regarding energetic resources. The Brazilian Nuclear Energy Policy and the Brazilian Nuclear Program are dealt with, as well as the Nuclear Cooperation agreement signed with the Federal Republic of Germany. The situation of Brazil regarding Uranium and the main activities of the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission are also discussed

  17. A relação entre o conservadorismo contábil e os conflitos entre acionistas controladores e minoritários sobre as políticas de dividendos nas empresas brasileiras listadas na Bovespa The relation between accounting conservatism and conflicts on dividend policies between major and minor shareholders of Brazilian companies listed on Bovespa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosimeire Pimentel Gonzaga

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available O principal objetivo deste trabalho foi buscar evidências empíricas quanto à relação do conservadorismo contábil com os conflitos sobre as políticas de dividendos entre acionistas minoritários e controladores nas companhias abertas listadas na Bovespa, compreendendo o período de 1995 a 2006. Os dados foram coletados no software Economática. Para o teste das hipóteses, usou-se regressão com dados em painel utilizando como proxies para conservadorismo contábil a medida baseada em accruals utilizada por Givoly e Hayn (2000 e a baseada no book-to-market proposta por Beaver e Ryan (2000. Os resultados encontrados corroboram os achados por Ahmed et al. (2002, indicando que há relação entre o conservadorismo contábil e os conflitos sobre as políticas de dividendos entre acionistas nas empresas da amostra. Porém, não é possível afirmar sobre tal relação quando a métrica de conservadorismo baseada em book-to-market é utilizada.The main objective of this study was to present empirical evidence on the relation between accounting conservatism and conflicts about dividend policies between majority and minority shareholders of Brazilian publicly traded companies listed on BOVESPA. Data for the period from 1995 to 2006 was retrieved from Economatica. To test the hypotheses, panel data regression was used with two proxies for accounting conservatism - the accrual-based measure used by Givoly and Hayn (2000 and the book-to-market-based measure proposed by Beaver and Ryan (2000. The results corroborate the findings by Ahmed et al. (2002, indicating a relation between accounting conservatism and conflicts about dividend policies between shareholders in the sample companies. The same cannot be affirmed, however, when the proxy based on book-to-market is employed.

  18. As (novas práticas pós-privatização de atuação comunitária em seis empresas do setor siderúrgico brasileiro The (new post-privatization practices of communitarian action in six companies of Brazilian steel industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rozália Del Gáudio Soares Baptista

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar como as empresas do setor siderúrgico brasileiro reorganizaram suas práticas de relacionamento com a comunidade após a privatização. Para isso, tendo como referenciais a teoria existente sobre responsabilidade social e um estudo exploratório baseado em dados quantitativos e qualitativos coletados sobre a situação das principais siderúrgicas privatizadas, pôde-se traçar um quadro ilustrativo da realidade do setor. Os principais resultados revelam que o papel desempenhado no passado por tais organizações vem se adaptando tanto às novas demandas e realidades socioeconômicas do país quanto à emergência da valorização das ações privadas como mecanismo compensatório das lacunas deixadas pela transformação do papel do Estado. O atual discurso sobre a responsabilidade social empresarial legitima as ações empreendidas pela iniciativa privada, o que, entretanto, não desobriga o Estado do seu papel fundamental de agente do desenvolvimento nacional, independentemente do porte da economia da região em foco.An analysis was made of how six Brazilian steel companies restructured their community relations after privatization. This description was based upon an exploratory study of quantitive and qualitative information regarding social responsibility obtained from the most important privatized steel companies and includes as a reference the currently expounded theory of social responsibility. Results disclose that past performance was adapted to the new requirements and socio-economic situation of the country and to enhance this private activity in order to make up for deficiencies in the wake of the changing role played by the government. The current discourse on these actions of social responsibility endorses these private undertakings and does not, however, free the government from the basic role of agent in national development, irrespective of the size of the regional economy in question.

  19. Identificação de oportunidades de pesquisa a partir de um levantamento da implantação da produção enxuta em empresas do Brasil e do exterior Identification of research opportunities based on a survey on lean production implementation conducted in Brazilian and foreign companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarcisio Abreu Saurin

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta um levantamento do processo de implantação da Produção Enxuta (PE em 47 empresas do Brasil e do exterior. Entre os principais resultados, o levantamento revelou que: os temas de maior interesse em ampliar conhecimentos são a cultura organizacional enxuta e o mapeamento do fluxo de valor; os principais motivos para adotar a PE são a necessidade de melhorar a competitividade e a adequação da PE ao combate de problemas críticos da produção; as principais dificuldades na implantação da PE são a resistência das pessoas e a dificuldade na adaptação de conceitos e práticas; as práticas mais utilizadas são a padronização do trabalho e o gerenciamento visual; a produção puxada é a prática prioritária no momento. Os resultados deste levantamento, aliados a observações realizadas durante visitas em algumas das empresas, permitiram a identificação de necessidades e oportunidades para pesquisas sobre a implantação da PE, as quais são sumarizadas no final do artigo.This paper presents a survey on the lean production (LP implementation process in 47 Brazilian and foreign companies. Among the main results, the survey pointed out that the respondents are mostly interested in learning about lean organizational culture and value stream mapping. The main drivers for adopting LP are improving competitiveness and the fact that LP is adequate to solve critical production problems. People resistance to changes and difficulties to adapt concepts and practices are the main difficulties during LP implementation. The most frequently used practices are work standardization and visual management. Pull production implementation is the practice of highest priority. The results of this survey, along with the observation data collected during visits to some of the investigated companies, permitted the identification of research opportunities on LP implementation, which are summarized at the end of this article.

  20. CONSUMERS ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE PRODUCTS OF INDIAN AND MULTI NATIONAL COMPANIES - A COMPARITIVE STUDY WITH REFERENCE TO ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS

    OpenAIRE

    Sivakumar, K.; DR.D.VENKATARAMARAJU

    2011-01-01

    The entry of MNCs in India leads to exit of certain Indian companies of various industries. However Indian people compromise to purchase Indian products, if they had quality and special features in thoseproducts also. People are interested to buy the MNCs products not only for quality or for product features but also for cost, brand image, service, social status and host number of other factors. Thegrowth of MNCs product in 2007 has crossed the $33 billion mark. The impact of MNCs product in ...

  1. 75 FR 15704 - Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; North Carolina Electric Membership Corporation, Complainants v...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; North Carolina Electric Membership Corporation, Complainants v. Virginia Electric and Power Company, Respondent; Notice of Complaint March 23...), Old Dominion Electric Cooperative and North Carolina Electric Membership Corporation...

  2. Safety Evaluation Report related to the operation of Wm. H. Zimmer Nuclear Power Station, Unit No. 1. Docket No. 50-358. Cincinnati Gas and Electric Company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Information is presented concerning site characteristics; design criteria for structures, systems, and components; reactor; reactor coolant system and connected systems; engineered safety features; instrumentation and controls; electric power; auxiliary systems; conduct of operations; and TMI-2 requirements

  3. Company profile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Datacon was founded in 1986 and, since the beginning of 2005, has been part of the Dutch Besi group (BE Semiconductor Industries N.V.), an international group of companies operating in the semiconductor industry. Besi is a leading manufacturer of semiconductor die sorting, die bonding, packaging and plating equipment and provides the most cost efficient solution for RFID inlay production.

  4. The future of the Brazilian electric system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Economia e Energia presents a study where the conservative suppositions results in participation of the hydraulic energy roundly of 85 percent in the year 2030, reducing to 74 percent in 2035. The participation of the nuclear energy would be 5 percent and 9 percent, respectively, and the rest would be supplied by conventional thermal plants. In terms of installed power in 2035, there would be 270 GW of installed hydroelectric power, 90 GW of conventional thermal plants and 36 GW from nuclear plants, equivalent to circa 28 of 1.3 Gw power plants, from which 20 plants would be compromised with regulation and 8 corresponding to the necessities resulted from the exhaustion of the hydroelectric potential

  5. Demand for Life Annuities: a Brazilian Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thalita Amorim Vaz

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Because pension plans have been marketed using outdated technical premises, Brazilian insurance companies find themselves required to identify additional resources to ensure their ability to meet future benefit payments obligations. When calculating the additional amount of this provision, the parameters used are: mortality and disability decrements, the structure of interest rates, financial performance, cancellation fees and conversion rates. The aim of this study is to present the estimation of conversion rates based on a Probit Model. The data for this study was obtained through the transfer of restricted data from the portfolio of a company with relevant activity in the Brazilian insurance market, including a group of 14,511 individuals eligible for retirement in the period between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2009. The resulting analysis of the data allows us to conclude that two factors — the volume of accumulated reserves and the classification of prices as actuarially fair —increase the propensity of an individual to convert resources upon retirement. In turn, retirement age and the need for liquidity reduce the propensity to convert resources upon retirement.

  6. An Empirical Investigation of Factors Influencing Exporting Success of Brazilian Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Carl H Christensen; Angela da Rocha; Rosane Kerbel Gertner

    1987-01-01

    One hundred and fifty-two Brazilian companies that were exporting in 1978 were interviewed again six years later in 1984 to determine the factors that were correlated with the continuance of exporting. Firm characteristics, export management practices and manager perceptions were each found to be correlated with exporting success thus supporting the basic contention that it is possible to predict export performance. Firms that discontinued exporting relied more on the Brazilian government exp...

  7. The Association between Socioeconomic Characteristics and Consumption of Food Items among Brazilian Industry Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Daniele B. Vinholes; Ione M. F. Melo; Carlos Alberto Machado; Hilton de Castro Chaves; Fuchs, Flavio D.; Fuchs, Sandra C.

    2012-01-01

    Background. Dietary pattern plays a causative role in the rising of noncommunicable diseases. The SESI (Serviço Social da Indústria) study was designed to evaluate risk factors for noncommunicable diseases. We aimed to describe food items consumed by Brazilian workers and to assess their association with socioeconomic status. Methods. Cross-sectional study was carried out among Brazilian industrial workers, selected by multistage sampling, from 157 companies. Interviews were conducted at the ...

  8. Commitment to Emissions Restrictions of Major Consumers of Electricity in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabricio Casarejos

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In the context of global concerns about climate change that stem from the alarming and unprecedented growth of greenhouse gas (GHG emissions, this study discusses the use of energy by large consumers of electricity in Brazil in the perspective of sustainable development, energy resources, and regulatory policies. It evaluates the commitment to emissions restrictions among the major customers of an electricity utility company that serves 4.1 million consumers (68% of the population and 66% of the gross internal product for the second-highest economically developed Brazilian state. The evaluation is based on proposed metrics and indicators. By considering the Brazilian commitment to a policy of sustainable development, this study reviews the primary international agreements and recommendations that have been developed to mitigate and adapt to climate change and sustainability. A survey was developed for participating organizations classified by economic sector to assess their awareness to 18 issues that reflect international guidelines on emission constraints. Based on total energy consumption, the survey discusses the worrying level of GHG emissions (tCO2eq that is associated with the generation of electricity by customers of the largest utility company. In spite of 90% of the organizations having considered sustainability as a business opportunity and a competitive differential that enables niche markets, the results of this study demonstrated low commitment to the desired emissions restrictions.

  9. The impacts of the generation of biomass power plants in the Brazilian hydrothermal dispatch and its influence on the formation of prices of electric power in Brazil; Os impactos da geracao de usinas a biomassa no despacho hidrotermico brasileiro e sua influencia na formacao do preco da energia eletrica no Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Luiz Eduardo S.; Ribeiro, Paulo [Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF), MG (Brazil)], Emails: luizeduardo_jf@yahoo.com.br, pfribeiro@ieee.org; Tardin, Thiago V. [Engenho Pesquisa, Desenvolvimento e Consultoria Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)], E-mail: thiago@engenho.com

    2009-07-01

    The positive and negative impacts of the electric energy generation from biomass of sugar in the Brazilian energy matrix are presented, as well as in the hydrothermal dispatch. Studies on the impacts of the generation sources using sugar cane bagasse in the operational planning and in the composition of the electric energy price are done. Computational implementations using optimized methods, as the stochastic dual dynamic programing, are done, to support the decision making and to compare the obtained results. It is, also presented the commercialization rules for energy in the Free Contracting Environment and in the Regulated Contracting Environment related to the alternative sources of energy, as well as the mechanisms of encouraged energy auction (reserve auction) and the rules for commercialization of energy applied to encouraged sources.

  10. A definition model of electric power tariff based on marginal cost: case study at CERON - the electric company of Rondonia, Brazil; Um modelo de definicao de tarifa de energia eletrica baseada no custo marginal: estudo de caso na CERON - Centrais Eletricas de Rondonia, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Domiciano, Jose Antonio

    2002-07-01

    The present competition circumstances (ambient) require enterprises (companies or undertaking) like CERON to have understanding of all conditions to propose tariffs which give correct signal the consumers. Objective. Thus, search for valuations of model to define the tariff of electric energy based on marginal cost though a study in case of CERON. Method. Develop an investigation of a model of definition of tariffs of electric energy based on marginal costs to start the study in case of CERON and followed by analysis of its tariff structure. Results. With application of the signal (sign or indication) of tariffs, can measure the degree of separation of tariffs and to propose new modalities of alternate tariffs which offer conditions to reflect the real form of costs imposed by clients who form subgroups of tariffs of CERON. With final results, it offers parameters to trace (seek) important strategy for the company. Conclusion: The model gives condition's to identify and quantify of subsidies inside the tariff structure. It is a base which permits to create alternatives to resolve tariff distortions. It permits to have a better understanding which category (class) of consumers who are free will try to seek companies with tariffs which reflect really its costs. (author)

  11. Company Face

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李天田

    2011-01-01

    有些演员长得不好看但上镜,这叫有Camera Face;而有些企业有明星企业家,这叫有Company Face.塑造一张Company Face对企业来说是非常合算的,因为公众对于枯燥的商业概念和数据并无兴趣,把企业人格化才是建立沟通的捷径.然而,究竟你的CompanyFace是杂志封面的人物还是客户走进公司会接触的保安、保洁和秘书?听说一个绿色八卦:张艺谋在《山楂树之恋》选角时,为了“静秋”可谓是踏破铁鞋.当时分了若干组人马四处寻访,但是带回来的候选人张艺谋统统看不上.张艺谋讽刺一位选角的同事:你选出来的女孩儿,一打开电视满眼都是!这位同事立即反唇相讥:你选的呢?连电视都不让上!

  12. 营销稽查自定义主题在秦皇岛电力公司的应用实践%Application practice of marketing audit customer self-defined theme in Qinhuangdao Electric Power Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵远; 王亚强; 李永锋; 夏岩; 李志刚

    2013-01-01

    Electric power marketing inspection, as one of the core work for power supply enterprise realizes loss reduction and benefits increasing. Qinhuangdao power company inspection section user-defined three auditing topics, information for enterprise work ef-ficiency, combined with the characteristics of marketing work status, and power consumption of electric power customer to customize the basic electricity charge unusual topic, customer small power subject, the utilization rate of transformer is lower than 30%subject, such as play a marketing audit supervisory system and the SG186 system management, standardize the order of the power supply management.%  电力营销稽查是供电企业实现堵漏增收、降损增效的核心工作之一。秦皇岛电力公司稽查信息室针对企业增效工作,结合营销工作现状和电力客户用电特点自定义了基本电费收取异常主题、客户小电量主题、客户变压器利用率低于30%主题等3个稽查主题,发挥营销稽查监控系统和SG186系统的管理作用,规范了供用电管理秩序。

  13. A hybrid approach based on ANP, ELECTRE and SIMANP metaheuristic method for outsourcing manufacturing procedures according to supply chain risks - Case study: A medical equipment manufacturer company in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiwa Farughi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays enterprises should consider seeking to reduce the supply chain risks as a crucial part of their activities in order to improve their competitiveness in the international context. Choosing the suitable strategy in connection with assigning some parts of the production process to outside the organization is a complex multi-criteria decision making problem and it gets more complicated when supply chain risk factors as the factors to select the strategy as well as dependence and the close ties between these criteria also be considered. In this paper, after the identification of risks in the supply chain of a medical equipment manufacturer company, dependence and ties between criteria in line with choosing the best strategy among existing alternatives has been examined in the form of a combined ANP-ELECTRE method. This combined model is of high performance to give a solution to the problem considered in this paper. But given the complex and time consuming nature of the AHP and ELECTRE, in this study a meta-heuristic algorithm is developed called SIMANP that despite the simplicity of computing and high-speed, is good in the terms of precision and efficiency. The results of comparing SIMANP algorithm and the proposed ANP - ELECTRE method are presented at the end.

  14. Study of brazilian franchises internationalization: challenges and barriers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Loffredo da Rocha Leite

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study was to analyze brazilian franchises internationalization through a case study, in order to identify the factors that influence internationalization, the adaptations of marketing strategies and main barriers and challenges of brazilian franchises internationalization. A qualitative exploratory research was developed through the case study method. The information was colected via observation and semi-structured interviews with managers in charge of international expansion of two companies. A comparative analysis between obtained data and the theoretical background was made. The results found showed that the studied companies expanded internationally due to external demands and the desire to explore new markets. Changes in marketing strategies were made in different degrees, and communication was the element that suffered greater changes. The main challenge of internationalization found, was to understand local culture and incorporate it into the company’s operations.

  15. The Supply of Trade Credit by Brazilian Publicly Traded Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Felipe Schiozer

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the determinants of trade credit supply by Brazilian publicly traded companies between the years of 2005 and 2008. International literature (both theoretical and empirical documents that the main determinants of trade credit supply are the size of the firm and the size of its debt. Both indicate that the availability of resources to the firm is an important factor for the supply of trade credit. In addition, the literature confirms strategic uses of trade credit such as those for price discrimination purposes. The results obtained using a sample of 157 Brazilian companies do not support that size and indebtedness are relevant determinants for trade credit supply, but they confirm the supply of trade credit as a strategic tool for the firms. Additionally we observed a significant decrease in trade credit supply in 2008, the year in which a severe international financial crisis took place.

  16. A Multi-Period Electricity Purchasing Model for Power Supply Company%基于时变Copula的供电公司多期购电组合优化模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宗益; 亢娅丽; 郭兴磊

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies the power supply company's electricity purchasing problems in an open market ( e. g. medium and long-term contract market and spot market) where power can be freely traded. Owing to the high volatility of electricity price, the power supply company must purchase electricity from different markets to spread price risk based on financial investment portfolio theory. Most of previous literatures mainly research ona power supply company's single-phase decision-making process. However, the decision-making process is a typical multi-phase problem. As the decision made in one stage may influence the decision and profit in the next stage, we need to consider the multi-phase circumstance in order to optimize the risk of accumulated return. It is important to estimate and simulate the loss distribution function of asset portfolio when measuring the risk of accumulated return since the relationships among multiple variables are characterized by their joint distribution. Therefore, we need to carefully analyze the correlation between electric assets before considering the power market's portfolio strategy. Most of the previous literatures assert that price sequence follows a normal distribution and measures the correlation between electric power assets using linear correlation coefficient. Other studies show that thick tail and heteroscedasticity are typical phenomena in the price return series data. This strong nonlinear characteristic between power assets makes it difficult to use linear correlation coefficient to properly describe their relationships. Fortunately, Copula function can be used to describe the non-linear correlation structure between assets. Based on the above analysis, we establish amulti-phase power purchasing model which takes the maximum expected accumulated return and the minimum risk measured by dynamic coherent risk function as objectives. We adopt the time-variation SJC Copula -(GARCH-T, GARCH-GED) model to fit and simulate a series

  17. SAFER - Company Snapshot - SAFER - Company Snapshot

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The Company Snapshot is a concise electronic record of company identification, size, commodity information, and safety record, including the safety rating (if any),...

  18. Analysis of rationality and efficiency of electricity utilization in posture poultry companies by computation platform based in fuzzy system; Analise da racionalidade e eficiencia da utilizacao de energia eletrica em empresas de avicultura de postura via plataforma computacional baseada em sistema fuzzy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cremasco, Camila Pires [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Bioestatistica; Faculdade de Tecnologia (FATEC), Presidente Prudente, SP (Brazil); Gabriel Filho, Luis Roberto Almeida [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), Tupa, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Ciencias Agronomicas; Viais Neto, Daniel dos Santos; Bordin, Deyver [Faculdade de Tecnologia (FATEC), Presidente Prudente, SP (Brazil); Silva, Helenice de Oliveira Florentino [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Bioestatistica], E-mails: gabrielfilho@tupa.unesp.br., dvneto@fatecpp.edu.br, bordin@yahoo.com.br, helenice@ibb.unesp.br

    2012-11-01

    A great application of intelligent systems is in control of the electric power consumption of enterprises. For the assessment of the way that the company uses the electricity there are two indices which are called load factor and power factor. To facilitate the assessment of the performance of electric power consumption by the companies it is interesting that there is a single index indicating globally as energy is being used by the same. The goal of this work was to develop a software to assist laying poultry companies in the region of Bastos in more rational and efficient use of electric energy. For this, a system has been developed called Fuzzy Energy integrated environment developed with Delphi 2010. For the determination of fuzzy factor (situation of the company), we used a fuzzy system prepared in advance. The data collected over a period of 3 years helped the system programming. The software was able to present the situation of the company studied in a manner accessible to the user, and their results were tested accuracy 100 according to fuzzy system. With the inference method of Mandani, unable to create a general simulation of all relevant points of enterprise data. (author)

  19. Real Plan impact on the electric power residential consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1994 are verified increments in the electricity consumption rates in the Brazilian residential sector. At the same time the Brazilian government implanted a economic plan denominated Real Plan which caused prices stability and stimulated long terms financing. In this context, the aim of the work was to demonstrate the relationship between the increments in the electricity consumption rates in the Brazilian residential sector and the economic plan

  20. Final Environmental Statement related to the operation of Perry Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2 Docket Nos. 50-440 and 50-441, Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The information in this Final Environmental Statement is the second assessment of the environmental impact associated with the construction and operation of the Perry Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2, located on Lake Erie in Lake County, about 11 km (7 mi) northeast of Painesville, Ohio. The first assessment was the Final Environmental Statement related to the construction of the plant issued in April 1974, prior to issuance of the construction permits (CPRR-148 and CPPR-149). Plant construction for Unit 1 is currently about 83% complete, and Unit 2 about 43% complete. Fuel loading for Units 1 and 2 currently estimated by the licensee (Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company) for November 1983, with Unit 2 fuel load scheduled for May 1987. The present assessment is the result of the NRC staff review of the activities associated with the proposed operation of the plant

  1. 电网企业科技项目后评价指标体系研究%Study on Post Evaluation Index System for the Scientific and Technological Projects in Electric Power Grid Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡巨; 曾艳; 钟万里; 肖小清

    2012-01-01

    介绍了科技项目后评价研究的意义,将电力企业科技项目进行分类,介绍了电力企业建立科技项目指标体系的原则及确定的依据。以实际项目为例,具体阐述了电力企业科技项目在项目管理、项目效果、经济效益评价和综合评价等方面进行定量评价的方法。%The paper discussed the Significance of the study on the post evaluation for scientific and technological projects,then a classification system for scientific and technological projects in electric power grid companies was designed.Finally,after the introduction of the principles and the basis for constructing post evaluation index system,a quantitative evaluation method for the project management evaluation,effectiveness and benefit evaluation and Comprehensive Evaluation on scientific and technological projects was introduced in this paper by an example of a finished scientific and technological project in Guangdong Power Grid Company.

  2. Savings potential for electrical energy used in motors and drives in the Lonza company; Einsparpotential an elektrischer Energie bei Motoren und Antrieben in der Lonza

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Troger, S.

    2002-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the results of a study made at the Lonza chemicals factory in Switzerland. This facility is one of the largest individual consumers of electricity in the country. The report presents estimates of the facility's energy-saving potential that were made on the basis of results of three dissertations (on electrical technology, process technology and economics). These studied a typical modern small-scale tank depot and a typical older large-scale system for the production of ammonia from the energy-efficiency point of view. The report mentions that, although little savings potential exists in the generation, distribution and conversion of electrical energy in motors, lights and heaters, substantial savings can be made by optimising operating times and the design of pumps. Also the use of flexible systems for partial load operation is discussed. The utilisation of the energy savings potential during the system engineering phase of the planning of new plants and the sensitising of project engineers for energy-conscious planning are emphasised. The importance of the effect of future CO{sub 2} legislation for implementing savings is stressed.

  3. Supporting Services Functionality in Brazilian Sectors: The Primacy of Banks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Antonio Gaspar

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available E - commerce can benefit companies by enabling new business models, improving efficiencies, and building competitive advantages. But there are some critical issues to be addressed in order to a chieve those benefits, and one of them relates to the effectiveness of online customer servicing in e - commerce, also referred to as supporting services functionality (SSF. In this paper we discuss a subset of SSF in 110 large Brazilian companies represent ing 11 key sectors of the economy. Results enabled the ranking of sectors according to levels of SSF effectiveness, and the conclusion was that the nature of business may explain why general banks and telecommunications companies currently perform the bett er, while siderurgy and metallurgy, wholesale and international commerce, and chemical and petrochemical companies have the lowest performance in implementing the tools for customer support in e - commerce .

  4. Brazilian Trichoptera Checklist II

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Abstract A second assessment of Brazilian Trichoptera species records is presented here. A total of 625 species were recorded for Brazil. This represents an increase of 65.34% new species recorded during the last decade. The Hydropsychidae (124 spp.), followed by the Hydroptilidae (102 spp.) and Polycentropodidae (97 spp.), are the families with the greatest richness recorded for Brazil. The knowledge on Trichoptera biodiversity in Brazil is geographically unequal. The majority of the species is recorded for the southeastern region. PMID:25349524

  5. BRAZILIAN NEWS PORTALS CHARACTERISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heloiza G. Herckovitz

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available A content analysis of four Brazilian news media portals found that economic news dominated the top headlines with little attention paid to education, the environment and welfare. Other trends included a focus on local events and national news sources, reliance on few sources, mostly official ones, and a low percentage of news that fitted the concept of newsworthiness (a combination of both social significance and deviance concepts. Other findings of a study of 432 top news stories published by UOL, Estadão, iG and Terra during a 15-day period between February and March 2008 indicate that the top portions of the portals’ front pages carry news that lacks story depth, editorial branding, and multimedia applications. The results suggest that online news portals are in their infancy although Brazil has the largest online population of Latin America. This study hopes to shed light on the gatekeeping process in Brazilian news portals. Brazilian media portals have yet to become a significant editorial force able to provide knowledge about social issues and public affairs in a socially responsible fashione.

  6. Validation of the Team Factors Inventory in Brazilian Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Antonio Prado Gimenez; Edmundo Inácio Júnior

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to test the validity and reliability of a Portuguese version of the Team Factors Inventory/TFI derived from the Creative Leadership Model. This inventory measures the propensity of a team towards creative leadership and consists of a paper and pen measure with 37 items on a Likert-type scale. The literature concerning creativity in organizational studies has focused mainly on the contribution the individual makes to innovation and technical change. The model of Creati...

  7. Validation of the Team Factors Inventory in Brazilian Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Antonio Prado Gimenez

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to test the validity and reliability of a Portuguese version of the Team Factors Inventory/TFI derived from the Creative Leadership Model. This inventory measures the propensity of a team towards creative leadership and consists of a paper and pen measure with 37 items on a Likert-type scale. The literature concerning creativity in organizational studies has focused mainly on the contribution the individual makes to innovation and technical change. The model of Creative Leadership, on the other hand, has turned attention to group behaviour and team management. The model has been recently proposed in England and thereare no literature reports on its application in a language other than English. The method involved a review of the literature on creative leadership, backtranslation of the inventory, and data analysis through descriptive statistics, hypotheses testing, factor analysis, and analysis of variance, using as control variables, sex, and type of enterprise. The sample consisted of 115 respondents, with 73 owner-managers of high-tech incubated firms and 42 owner-managers of service firms. Analyses indicated that the translated version Portuguese of the inventory reached satisfactory levels of validity and reliability. This means that the TFI may be applied in a cultural context other than the original.

  8. PETROBRAS: an energy company and the Brazilian Biofuels Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torres, Fernando Martins; Valle, Luiz Alberto Fernandes; Diehl Filho, Rubin Pedro [PETROBRAS University, Rio de de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). School of Gas and Energy Science and Technology], e-mail: fernandotorres@com.br, e-mail: lavalle@petrobras.com.br, e-mail: rubin@petrobras.com.br

    2008-07-01

    Global warming and other climate changes have been occurring because of human activities, mainly the burning of fossil fuels. This releases greenhouse gases, chief among them carbon dioxide, into the atmosphere. Brazil's answer was to launch of the National Alcohol Program (Proalcool) in 1975, in response to the first oil shock (in 1973). This was intensified with the second oil shock (in 1979-80). Under this program, the gasoline used in the transportation segment was replaced by: anhydrous ethanol in vehicles manufactured to consume gasoline, up to a proportion of 25%; hydrated ethanol in vehicles especially manufactured to consume this renewable fuel. The impact of these efforts was extremely significant, as demonstrated by the the effects of the first and second oil shocks on the country's trade balance and balance of oil and derivatives in 1973-74 and 1979-80 can be clearly seen. At the time of the second shock, the increase in imports in the trade balance basically coincided with the increased imports of oil and refined products. (author)

  9. Economical and strategical aspects of Brazilian-Germany nuclear agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The strategical and economical aspects of Brazilian-Germany nuclear agreement are analyzed in three aspects: 1) The nuclear agreement in the context of the Brazilian economic - and social development process, considering the availability of energetic resouces of the country. Political implications. Considerations about creation and transfer of technology. 2) The economy aspects involved in the agreement. Comparison costs of electrical energy generated in a nuclear power plants and hydroelectric plant in Brazil. Impacts on the industrial development. 3) Strategical aspects. (E.G.)

  10. Preliminary report on the Pacific Gas and Electric Company's notice of intention to seek certification for Geysers Unit 16 (78-NOI-6)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-01-01

    The preliminary findings of fact and conclusion adopted by the Commission Committee are presented. Also, a description of the proposed project, a summary of the proceedings to date, and local, state, and federal government agency comments on the proposal are included. Preliminary findings and conclusions are presented on: (a) conformity to the forecast of statewide and service area electric power demands; (b) the degree to which the proposed site and facility conform with applicable local, regional, state, and federal standards, ordinances and laws; (c) the safety and reliability of the facility; and (d) the relative merit of the proposed transmission line corridors. (MHR)

  11. Final report on the Pacific Gas and Electric Company's notice of intention to seek certification for Geysers Unit 17, 78-NOI-3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-01-01

    Final findings and conclusions are presented on: conformity to the forecast of statewide and service area electric power demands; conformity of the proposed site and facility with applicable local, regional, state, and federal standard ordinances, and laws; and the safety and reliability of the facility. Also included is a proposed decision approving the notice, with conditions, for consideration by the full Commission. In addition, a description of the proposed project, a summary of the proceedings to date; local, state, and federal government agency comments on the Preliminary Report, and the Committee's view of those issues that require further consideration are included. (MHR)

  12. A renewable energy supply company for Gloucestershire

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This profile gives details of a project to examine the feasibility of setting up a company to market electricity produced from renewable energy sources (green power) in the County of Gloucestershire, and to produce a business plan for the company to trade in the post 1998 electricity market unassisted by the Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation (NFFO). The project objectives are highlighted, and details are given of the funding and duration of the study. Contact names are provided

  13. ELSAM/ELKRAFT: Draft for the plan of management for bio-energy. ELSAM/ELKRAFT: The electricity companies' programme for gasification of coal and biomass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Danish power companies have, since the middle of the 80's carried through a technology development effort for the use of bio-fuels in power (and dual-purpose power) plants. This note concerns the current status of the development and a sketch for an action programme for future effort. Straw is the largest unexploited potential. The use of bio-fuels does not produce so much carbon dioxide, but on the other hand biomass supply can fluctuate. Biofuels are also difficult to stoke, and expensive. Close co-operation between agriculture and forestry is necessary and risks are high for the involved sectors. It must be possible to use bio-fuels combined with coal to secure a sturdy and economic energy production, it is necessary to have a stable energy and industrial policy to maintain interest in the long term development effort, the contrasts of interest between natural gas and bio-fuels on the decentralized thermal power market must be clarified and the prices of bio-fuels must be made competitive by making supply and subsidies more effective. The main areas for future development are the bio-fuel resources, logistics and economy, straw in central power plants, gasification of coal and biomass, bio-fuels in decentralized cogeneration plants, biogas plants, conversion of biomass to synthetic fuels etc. A close co-ordination of ELSAM/ELKRAFT's development activities and cooperation between organizations in Denmark and abroad should be aimed at. (AB)

  14. Research on the Financial Risk Control System of Electric Power Company%电力公司财务风险控制体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵广宇

    2016-01-01

    Electric power enterprise is a key subject in the development of city at present, whose function display situation has direction influence on people's life and enterprise production. However, the function display of some power enterprises in some regions of China is affected by the financial risk. This article studies the financial risk control of electric power enterprises.%电力企业是城市目前发展中的一项关键主体,其职能发挥情况的良好与否将直接对人民的生活以及企业生产产生影响。而在目前我国部分地区的电力公司中,却经常由于在财务方面风险的存在对其职能发挥产生了一定的影响。在本文中,将就电力公司财务风险控制体系进行一定的研究。

  15. Slovak Electric, Plc., 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, Plc.) was established on November 1, 1994 as one entity among new entities created as successors to the former Slovensky energeticky podnik. The subject activity is the generation of electric power, operation of transmission 220 kV and 400 kV systems, transit, import, export, and sales of electric power. Besides these activities the company deals with generation, distribution, and sales of heat. The company operates one nuclear power station, three thermal power plants, and thirty hydro power plants. One nuclear Power plant is under construction (state up tu June 1997). On this CD ROM next chapters are presented: (1) The structure of the company; (2) The production Units; (3) The economic power of the company; (4) The operation culture of the company; (5) The strategic plans of the company

  16. The French Electricity Company (EDF) and GEC ALSTHOM have signed the agreement for Chinese Laibin B electric power plant; Electricite de France (EDF) et GEC ALSTHOM signent l'accord de la centrale electrique de Laibin B en Chine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-09-03

    EDF and GEC ALSTHOM together with the government of Chinese Province Guangxi have organized in Pekin on 3 september 1997 a ceremony for signing a BOOT (Build, Own, Operate, Transfer) contract for the Coal Power Plant (2 x 360 MW) at Laibin B. This is the first Chinese BOOT contract in the power domain entirely financed by foreign capital. The two western companies which were retained for this project, following an international call for offers, invest USD 150 million of its own founds in this USD 600 million project. They will hold 60% and 40% of the capital of the company created for this project, respectively. The construction power plant is planned to be completed at the end of 1999 - beginning of 2000. After 15 years of industrial operation the power plant will be transferred to the autonomous government of the Province Guangxi. The communique contains the following 8 files: 1. The Laibin B power plant; 2. Build, Own, Operate, Transfer; 3. The autonomous Guangxi Province; 4. An outline of EDF in China; 5. Profile/activities of GEC ALSTHOM in China; 6. The 'Credit Agricole Indosuez' in China; 7. BZW Barclays PLC; 8. HSBC Investment Banking in China.

  17. Safety evaluation report related to the operation of Susquehanna Steam Electric Station, Units 1 and 2. Docket Nos. 50-387 and 50-388, Pennsylvania Power and Light Company, Allegheny Electric Cooperative, Inc

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Information is presented concerning site characteristics; design criteria for systems and components; reactor thermal and hydraulic characteristics; reactor coolant pressure boundary; engineered safety features; instrumentation and control; electrical power systems; auxiliary systems; conduct of operations; quality assurance; and TMI-2 requirements

  18. VARIABLES DETERMINADAS PARA LA DETECCIÓN DE FRAUDE EN EMPRESAS DE SERVICIO ELÉCTRICO // VARIABLES DETERMINED FOR THE DETECTION OF FRAUD IN COMPANIES OF ELECTRICAL SERVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Lima Pérez

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Losses suffered by power utilities represent a problem affecting its financial and economic sustainability. In Venezuela, they reached 30; 68% in 2010. Among them, non-technical losses can be detected and controlled, contributing to the financial recovery of the company, and thus using such surplus of money to improve the quality of service. The aim of this paper is to identify variables used by supply inspection planners in power utilities to allow detection of users that may be using the service under illegal or fraudulent conditions. The methodology used for knowledge acquisition is based upon the principle of the Delphi Method, that is, independent experts in the area answer questionnaires and interviews, variables are identified, and then answers are shared among all of them to select those that receive higher scores on a pre-defined scale. Selection of variables provided by experts is supported by statistical tools. A set of consumption, location and knowledge variables that characterizes fraudulent behavior is then established. They in turn allow construction of a future intelligent system to automate detection of such customers, thus contributing to the reduction of non-technical losses and financial recovery of the company.// RESUMEN: Las pérdidas de energía registradas en empresas de servicio eléctrico representan un problema que afecta su sustentabilidad económica y financiera. En Venezuela, para el año 2010, estas alcanzan el 30; 68%. De estas, las pérdidas no técnicas pueden ser detectadas y controladas contribuyendo a la recuperación financiera de la empresa, lo cual puede reinvertirse para mejorar la calidad del servicio. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar las variables utilizadas por planificadores de inspecciones de suministros de empresas de servicio eléctrico que permita detectar posibles usuarios con condiciones fraudulentas. La metodología utilizada para la adquisición del conocimiento se basa en

  19. VARIABLES DETERMINADAS PARA LA DETECCIÓN DE FRAUDE EN EMPRESAS DE SERVICIO ELÉCTRICO // VARIABLES DETERMINED FOR THE DETECTION OF FRAUD IN COMPANIES OF ELECTRICAL SERVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Lima Pérez

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Losses suffered by power utilities represent a problem affecting its financial and economic sustainability. In Venezuela, they reached 30; 68% in 2010. Among them, non-technical losses can be detected and controlled, contributing to the financial recovery of the company, and thus using such surplus of money to improve the quality of service. The aim of this paper is to identify variables used by supply inspection planners in power utilities to allow detection of users that may be using the service under illegal or fraudulent conditions. The methodology used for knowledge acquisition is based upon the principle of the Delphi Method, that is, independent experts in the area answer questionnaires and interviews, variables are identified, and then answers are shared among all of them to select those that receive higher scores on a pre-defined scale. Selection of variables provided by experts is supported by statistical tools. A set of consumption, location and knowledge variables that characterizes fraudulent behavior is then established. They in turn allow construction of a future intelligent system to automate detection of such customers, thus contributing to the reduction of non-technical losses and financial recovery of the company.// RESUMEN Las pérdidas de energía registradas en empresas de servicio eléctrico representan un problema que afecta su sustentabilidad económica y financiera. En Venezuela, para el año 2010, estas alcanzan el 30; 68%. De estas, las pérdidas no técnicas pueden ser detectadas y controladas contribuyendo a la recuperación financiera de la empresa, lo cual puede reinvertirse para mejorar la calidad del servicio. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar las variables utilizadas por planificadores de inspecciones de suministros de empresas de servicio eléctrico que permita detectar posibles usuarios con condiciones fraudulentas. La metodología utilizada para la adquisición del conocimiento se basa en el T

  20. 18 CFR 367.2 - Companies for which this system of accounts is prescribed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... construction company. (2) Electric or gas utility companies. (3) Companies primarily engaged: (i) In the... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Companies for which... COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR...

  1. Managing Migration: The Brazilian Case

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo L. G. Rios-Neto

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to present the Brazilian migration experience and its relationship with migration management. The article is divided into three parts. First, it reviews some basic facts regarding Brazilian immigration and emigration processes. Second, it focuses on some policy and legal issues related to migration. Finally, it addresses five issues regarding migration management in Brazil.

  2. Overview of alternative sources in the Brazilian electric matrix: incentive policies, the current market and future prospects; Panorama das fontes alternativas na matriz eletrica brasileira: politicas de incentivo, mercado atual e perspectivas futuras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nogueira, Larissa Goncalves; Dedecca, Joao Gorestein; Jannuzzi, Gilberto de Martinno [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica; Gomes, Rodolfo Dourado [International Energy Initiative (IEI), Campinas, SP (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    The Brazilian power matrix is among the cleanest in the world due to the large share of hydroelectric generation. In recent years, several efforts have been concentrated in an attempt to diversify the matrix from the insertion of other renewable alternatives sources. The aim of this study is to analyze the state of generation through biomass, wind and small hydropower sources, covered by specific auctions and the Proinfa, and solar energy (photovoltaic and thermal high temperature) in Brazil, besides trends development of these generation sources. (author)

  3. Bidding Strategies for Generation Company Considering Randomness and Correlation Relationship of Electricity and Carbon Prices%考虑电价碳价随机性及其相关性的发电商投标决策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周任军; 刘照; 陈彦秀; 张浩; 李莹莹; 范龙; 尹权

    2016-01-01

    Carbon price and electricity price are bound together under the influence of external factors. Thus,the price randomness of carbon and electricity along with their correlation should be taken into consideration to form the bidding model for generation compa-nies. The difference between actual profit and the expectation is defined as the risk and measured by multi-stochastic conditional risk method in this paper. Then,a CVaR-based bidding model which considers the price randomness of electricity and carbon along with their correlation is proposed. The Linear method is used to sample of the random variables concerning the correlation and to solve the conditional value at risk. Cases considering the correlation between electricity price and carbon price,carbon price cost,carbon price randomness and other risk measurement methods are tested respectively to evaluate their influences on the investment decision risk of generation companies. The results show that considering the price randomness of both electricity and carbon as well as their correlation is more in accordance with the generation companies’requirement of increasing revenue and reducing risk,and conditional risk method is able to describe the risk more accurately.%电价、碳价在外界因素的影响下具有某种相依关系,因此需要在发电商投标模型中考虑电价、碳价的随机性及其相关性对其决策的影响。本文将低于发电商预期收益部分的期望值定义为风险,采用多随机变量的条件风险方法对其进行度量,建立了考虑电价碳价随机性及其相关性影响的发电商投标决策模型,利用线性变换方法对相关性随机变量进行抽样并求解条件风险值。对电价碳价相关性、碳价成本、碳价随机性和不同风险度量方法对发电商投资决策风险的影响进行了仿真对比,结果表明考虑电价和碳价随机性及其相关性影响的投标模型更符合发电商提高收益降低

  4. Brazilian energy overview

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Brazilian energy overview compared with the rest of the world is presented, as well as the current situation and prospects for the future. In a first part, the evalution from the past through the present time is considered, and in a second part, attention is given on the future prospects for Brazil and the different countries in connection with the energy field. It is expected that the current per capita energy consumption in Brazil, in all of its various forms, now totalling 6 million kcal/inh, will reach at least 22 million kcal/inh toward the end of this century

  5. Low Cost Helicopter Training Simulator : A Software Case Study from the Brazilian Military Police

    OpenAIRE

    Mendes, Joice B.; Brandao-Ramos, Alexandre Carlos; Mora-Camino, Félix

    2014-01-01

    International audience This work describes a computer based training system to assist the crew members to learn the ground school of helicopter AS350-B2, manufactured by HELIBRAS, a Brazilian helicopter company and widely used by the Armed Forces, Civil and Military Policies and by companies of executive transportation and load lifting. The training system consists of a 1:1 scale aircraft cabin simulator, a system software and a MS Flight Simulator interface. The project is in advanced pha...

  6. Board diversity and firm performance: an empirical investigation in the Brazilian market

    OpenAIRE

    João Batista Fraga; Vinícius Augusto Brunassi Silva

    2012-01-01

    This article investigates the diversity of the boards of directors of Brazilian companies listed on the BM&FBovespa with respect to gender, age, educational attainment and independence, to ascertain whether there is a relationship between any of these diversity measures and firm performance. The study covers all companies without majority control, a type of corporate structure that first appeared in Brazil in 2005. The results indicate that greater diversity in the educational disciplines and...

  7. Institutionalising Green Electricity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hofman, P.

    2004-01-01

    Both energy companies and consumers have embraced green electricity as a concept in which electricity produced by renewable energy sources is separately marketed and priced from conventionally generated electricity based on fossil or nuclear sources. After its introduction in 1995 by an energy distr

  8. Solidarity liability of the cooperatives part of the Unimed Group – a Brazilian private healthcare insurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SCHEFFER, Mario

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Unimed medical cooperatives – a Brazilian private health insurance- are a very expressive group in the Brazilian supplementary healthcare market, as they bring together the largest number of beneficiaries and present the highest turnover in the sector. In light of the decision of the Brazilian Superior Court of Justice (STJ recognizing the solidarity liability related to obligations of any company belonging to the group Unimed, this article analyzes arguments and implications of this judgment. The transparency obligation stems from the basic consumer’s right to receive clear and adequate information on the marketed services and products. As for the good faith, it is linked to the loyalty that the parties must maintain at every stage of the contract, in respect to the expectations created. This article concludes that the STJ’s position, related to the responsibility of all companies of the Unimed Group, is a logical and necessary outcome.

  9. Academic production of brazilian authors about internationalisation: balance of publications in Brazil in the XXI century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Garrido Moraes

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the Brazilian scientific research on Internationalization of Companies by reviewing all articles published in journals in the area classified as CAPES Qualis A, in the period 2001-2014 and its comparison with some indicators of other studies on academic research in Brazil and abroad, both in international business as in management in general. The analysis focuses on the theme, the methodology and the theories discussed in articles, as well as authorial demographics. It was verified that there are possible differences in Brazilian research on internationalization compared to what is practiced in other countries regarding the theme, methodology and theories. Within the authorial demographics, it is pointed out that the contribution of public and private institutions, as well as gender distribution is in line with other areas. At the end, possibilities for expanding the study are suggested to better reflect the Brazilian scientific production in Internationalization of Companies.

  10. Psychic distance in the process of internationalization: the perception of brazilian expatriates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius Chunques Gervasoni

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article was to identify the perceptions of Brazilian expatriates concerning the psychic in the internationalization process. Although the concept of psychic distance has being explored in the literature for the analysis of processes of internationalization of companies, recently have researchers begun to examine its influence on the processes of expatriation. To this end, a review was made of the studies of psychic distance and international companies as well as of the expatriation processes that are directly influenced by the challenge of psychic distance. Brazilian expatriates ' perceptions about the psychic distance was identified through 24 interviews, in which it noted that the psychic distance tends to be high for the cultural dimension and median for business and environmental dimensions in the sample investigated. Moreover, the difficulties in the expatriation process tend to intensify the perception of high psychic distance for the Brazilian expats.

  11. The Brazilian Bolsa Escola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Cassidy

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The Bolsa Escola (‘school stipend’ and its successor the Bolsa Familia (‘family stipend’ schemes have formed a crucial and successful part of Brazil’s welfare program. Bolsa Escola provided aid to Brazil’s poorest families on the condition that their children attended school, and Bolsa Familia has extended this idea, giving aid on the condition that children both attend school and receive vaccinations. Bolsa Familia is currently the largest Conditional Cash Transfer Program (CCTP in the world, costing roughly 0.5% of Brazilian GDP and helping around 11.2 million families (around 44 million Brazilians, constituting roughly one fifth of the population. Multilateral institutions have praised the schemes, and they are setting a leading example to other developing nations. In 2005, Paul Wolfowitz (former president of the World Bank said, ‘Bolsa Familia has already become a highly praised model of effective social policy. Countries around the world are drawing lessons from Brazil’s experience and are trying to produce the same results for their own people’.

  12. Law no. 2004-803 from August 9, 2004 relative to electricity and gas public utilities and to the power and gas companies; Loi no. 2004-803 du 9 aout 2004 relative au service public de l'electricite et du gaz et aux entreprises electriques et gazieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-09-01

    The aim of this law is to allow the administrations to avoid to use their eligibility right with the opening of the electricity and gas markets to competition. It changes the juridical status of the two public utilities Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) into two anonymous companies and creates two additional companies for the management of the power and gas networks. It ensures also the transposition of the European directives from June 26, 2003 (2003/54/CE and 2003/55/CE). It contains some proper dispositions and modifies various existing French laws, in particular the law no. 46-628 from April 8, 1946 about the electricity and gas nationalization and the law no. 2000-108 from February 10, 2000 relative to the modernization and development of the electric public utility. (J.S.)

  13. Is Industry-University Interaction Promoting Innovation in the Brazilian Pharmaceutical Industry?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paranhos, Julia; Hasenclever, Lia

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses industry-university interaction and its characteristics in the Brazilian pharmaceutical system of innovation, taking account of the relevance of company strategies, the approach of the universities and the actions of government. By analysing primary and secondary data the authors show that, for as long as corporate investment…

  14. Pharmacogenetics in the Brazilian population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme eSuarez-Kurtz

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Brazil is the 5th largest country in the world and its present population, in excess of 190 million, is highly heterogeneous, as a result of centuries of admixture between Amerindians, Europeans and Sub-Saharan Africans. The estimated individual proportions of biogeographical ancestry vary widely and continuously among Brazilians, most individuals - irrespective of self-identification as White, Brown or Black, the major categories of the Brazilian Census race/color system - having significant degrees of European and African ancestry, while a sizeable number display also Amerindian ancestry. These features have important pharmacogenetic (PGx implications: first, extrapolation of PGx data from relatively well-defined ethnic groups is clearly not applicable to the majority of Brazilians; second, the frequency distribution of polymorphisms in pharmacogenes (e.g. CYP3A5, CYP2C9, GSTM1, ABCB1, GSTM3, VKORC, etc varies continuously among Brazilians and is not captured by race/color self-identification; third, the intrinsic heterogeneity of the Brazilian population must be acknowledged in the design and interpretation of PGx studies in order to avoid spurious conclusions based on improper matching of study cohorts. The peculiarities of PGx in Brazilians are illustrated with data for different therapeutic groups, such as anticoagulants, HIV-protease inhibitors and nonsteroidal antinflammatory drugs, and the challenges and advantages created by population admixture for the study and implementation of PGx are discussed. PGx data for Amerindian groups and Brazilian-born, first generation Japanese are presented to illustrate the rich diversity of the Brazilian population. Finally, I introduce the reader to the Brazilian Pharmacogenetic Network or Refargen (www.refargen.org.br, a nationwide consortium of research groups, with the mission to provide leadership in PGx research and education in Brazil, with a population health impact.

  15. Pharmacogenetics in the brazilian population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suarez-Kurtz, Guilherme

    2010-01-01

    Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world and its present population, in excess of 190;million, is highly heterogeneous, as a result of centuries of admixture between Amerindians, Europeans, and Sub-Saharan Africans. The estimated individual proportions of biogeographical ancestry vary widely and continuously among Brazilians: most individuals, irrespective of self-identification as White, Brown or Black - the major categories of the Brazilian Census "race/color" system - have significant degrees of European and African ancestry, while a sizeable number display also Amerindian ancestry. These features have important pharmacogenetic (PGx) implications: first, extrapolation of PGx data from relatively well-defined ethnic groups is clearly not applicable to the majority of Brazilians; second, the frequency distribution of polymorphisms in pharmacogenes (e.g., CYP3A5, CYP2C9, GSTM1, ABCB1, GSTM3, VKORC, etc) varies continuously among Brazilians and is not captured by race/color self-identification; third, the intrinsic heterogeneity of the Brazilian population must be acknowledged in the design and interpretation of PGx studies in order to avoid spurious conclusions based on improper matching of study cohorts. The peculiarities of PGx in Brazilians are illustrated with data for different therapeutic groups, such as anticoagulants, HIV protease inhibitors and non-steroidal antinflammatory drugs, and the challenges and advantages created by population admixture for the study and implementation of PGx are discussed. PGx data for Amerindian groups and Brazilian-born, first-generation Japanese are presented to illustrate the rich diversity of the Brazilian population. Finally, I introduce the reader to the Brazilian Pharmacogenetic Network or Refargen, a nation-wide consortium of research groups, with the mission to provide leadership in PGx research and education in Brazil, with a population health impact. PMID:21833165

  16. The rise of Brazilian agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Grinsted; Vink, Nick; Sandrey, Ron

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore some of the possible lessons for South African agriculture from the Brazilian experience. To this end, the article discusses the performance of Brazilian agriculture in terms of land and labour use, production, and exports. This is followed by aspects...... of Brazilian agricultural policies, namely farmer support, the research and technology transfer system and land issues. The implications for South African agriculture can be summarized as the recognition that history, geography, the development path and agricultural policies all matter. The article...... then identifies five important lessons for agricultural development in South Africa....

  17. Electrical design of business occupancy of Jingle coal transportation company in Xinzhou%忻州静乐煤运有限公司业务用房的电气设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建文

    2012-01-01

    In light of the electrical design requirements of business occupancy of Jingle coal transportation company in Xinzhou of Shanxi prov- ince, the paper discusses the designs of power distribution system, lighting distribution system, comprehensive wiring system, auto-fire alarm and joint control system and so on, and respectively introduces their design points and matters needing attention, with a view to ensure the elec- trical design safe, reliable, economic and rational.%针对山西煤运忻州静乐有限公司综合业务用房设计要求,就电力配电系统,照明配电系统,综合布线系统,火灾自动报警及联动控制系统等的设计进行了论述,分别介绍了各系统设计要点及相关注意事项,以确保该项目电气设计安全可靠、经济合理。

  18. Effectiveness of business strategies in Brazilian textile industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo César de Sousa Batista

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT This research analyses how the interaction between strategy capabilities, strategy types, strategy formulation quality and implementation capability affect organizational performance in Brazilian textiles companies. This article proposes and tests a conceptual framework, using a structural equation modeling of a set of 211 valid questionnaires on Brazilian textiles firms. The results support links between focus strategy and marketing capabilities, and between cost leadership strategy and management capabilities. However, the relationship between technologic capabilities and differentiation strategy was not statistically significant. The existence of an inter-relationship between generic strategies of focus, cost leadership and differentiation indicates the use of combined strategies. Concerning the firms' financial performance, the results show that management capability and market performance have a statistically significant relationship with financial performance.

  19. INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING AND PERFORMANCE OF BRAZILIAN FIRMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Rodriguez Cao

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates changes in long-term operational and financial performance for a sample of Brazilian companies made initial public offerings (IPO's shares, in the period 2002-2008. This period showed a historically high number of IPOs, a heavily discontinued phenomenon with the international financial crisis of 2008. As performance measures were chosen six financial indicators usually adopted in the literature in periods of three years pre-IPO, year of listing and three years post-IPO. The indicators evaluated were size, growth rate, profitability, financial leverage, investment level and investment rate. The results show evidence that, on average, there were statistically significant improvements in size, profitability, investment level and investment rate. But there was no evidence statistically significant changes in the growth rate and financial leverage after the IPO of Brazilian firms.

  20. Brazilian Eratosthenes Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langhi, R.; Vilaça, J.

    2014-10-01

    The objective of Brazilian Eratosthenes Project is the development and application of teaching training actions according the ``docent autonomy" concept to basic Astronomy Education. Argentina coordinates the project in South America, but Brazil works in this project since 2010 with the theme ``Projeto Eratóstenes Brasil" in the homepage: http://sites.google.com/site/projetoerato. Two schools measure a sticks shadow and communicate their results. After, they calculate an average radius of Earth. The stick (gnomon) should stay in vertical position in the leveled ground. Since 2010, the project received hundreds of Brazilian schools with different experiments that were constructed with autonomy, because our site doesn't show some itinerary pre-ready to elaborate the experiments. To collect data for our research, we will use interviews via Skype with the teachers. These data are useful to researches about Science Education area and the Teaching Formation. Teaching professional practice could change and we see modifications in the teachers work, what depends of their realities and context. This project intents to respect the docent autonomy. This autonomy to responsible modifications during continued formation is called ``activist formative model" according Langhi & Nardi (Educação em Astronomia: repensando a formação de professores. São Paulo: Escrituras Editora, 2012). This project discusses about researches in Astronomy Education - still extreme rare in Brazil, when we compare with other areas in Science Education. We believe that actions like this could motivate the students to learn more Astronomy. Furthermore, this national action can be a rich source of data to investigations about teaching formation and scientific divulgation.

  1. Biological Assets in Companies in Brazil: Pursuant To CPC 29 and Association with Business Features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius Martins Macedo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The adoption of international accounting standards in Brazil has brought about changes in the form of recognition, measurement and disclosure of economic facts of companies. In order to harmonize the accounting standards with the international standard-setting bodies Brazilian approved CPC 29, which establishes the accounting treatment and disclosure of biological assets and agricultural products. The objective of this study was to verify the Brazilian companies with biological assets the level of compliance with the CPC 29 and its association with business features. The study adopted the descriptive approach and examined the consolidated Financial Statements for the year 2013 of Brazilian public companies. In total 19 companies were analyzed showed that biological assets in 2013. The survey results show that the average compliance of companies with CPC 29 is 74.68%. Regarding the statistical analysis, it was observed that the level of compliance of companies have associations with business characteristics such as sector, governance, size, profitability and representativeness of the asset and the company's size has significant interaction with the level of accordingly. Compared to previous studies it was found that there was a significant increase in company compliance level with CPC 29 over time

  2. COMPETITIVE INTELLIGENCE AT BRAZILIAN INDUSTRIAL MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robson Quinello

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The industrial maintenance activities, generally, were considered as more one problem to the organizations. This image needs to change in Brazil , because this sector is part of the companies supply chain, is responsible to maintain equipments reliability and availability and it is a generator of the companies costs. This responsibility increases in a country where the productive capacity is in the limit, demanding extra efforts and where increasing pressures for reductions of the costs and restrictions techniques and human beings are increasing, ask to paradigms changes. The present study had for purpose to identify main canals of captation of the information used by the Brazilian industrial maintenance professionals, demonstrating systematic use of Competitive Intelligence can bring technological advance and profit of competitive advantage. For this, a qualitative research was made, using as research instruments the Delphi method, interviews with professionals and an experimental delineation C.I- Competitive Intelligence in a department-pilot (automotive sector.The results had shown to the use of formal and informal sources in different frequencies of access and the fragility in these departments in the not-systematic use of C.I, harming the above-mentioned challenges.

  3. Decision from the Commission of Electricity Regulation (CRE) dated from December 12, 2002 giving its opinion on the disagreement between AESM company and Electricite de France about the settlement of a contract of electricity purchase; Decision de la Commission de Regulation de l'Electricite (CRE) en date du 12 decembre 2002 se prononcant sur le differend qui oppose la societe AESM a Electricite de France sur la conclusion d'un contrat d'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-12-01

    This document presents the analysis made by the French commission of electricity regulation (CRE) of a dispute at law between the company AESM (Martinique, French West Indies) and Electricite de France (EdF) about the cancellation of agreements concerning the purchase of electricity from a diesel power generation facility which remained at the planning stage. AESM claims for damages against EdF for the project study expenses and the prejudice of the loss of the royalties expected from the project. (J.S.)

  4. Challenges for implementation of bioenergy in the Brazilian energy matrix and biomass gasification process for the production of electrical power; Desafios da bioenergia para sua implementacao na matriz energetica brasileira e o processo de gaseificacao da biomassa para a producao de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueiroa, E.O.; Moutinho-Junior, D.A.A.; Silva, J.D. [Universidade de Pernambuco (UPE), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    The gasification is the conversion of any solid or liquid fuel in fuel gas through the process of the partial oxidation at a high temperature. The gasification process of course occurs in four distinct physicochemical stages with different temperatures of reaction, as drying of the biomass, pyrolysis, reduction and combustion. The reorganization of the Brazilian electric sector foresees technological innovations in the system of electric generation for the country. The process of gasification integrated in a combined cycle (cycle of Brayton and cycle of Rankine) characterizes an innovative technology. It is with noting that this technology is still in improvement, it shows an excellent perspective of commercial viability and efficiency significantly higher than conventional technology. This work presents a study of the gases generated in the zone of combustion and its behavior in the zone of 'freeboard' of a gasifier of fluidized stream bed. For this study, we made the use of one hybrid technique (half-analytical) that is the transformed one of Fourier. (author)

  5. Institutionalising Green Electricity

    OpenAIRE

    Hofman, P

    2004-01-01

    Both energy companies and consumers have embraced green electricity as a concept in which electricity produced by renewable energy sources is separately marketed and priced from conventionally generated electricity based on fossil or nuclear sources. After its introduction in 1995 by an energy distributor at the end of 2003 around 35 % (2.4 million) of Dutch households were buying green electricity, and more than twenty providers of varieties of the product had emerged. From the perspective o...

  6. Brazilian chicken meat production chain:a 10-year overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IA Nääs

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Brazil is the world's largest broiler meat exporter. Health control, knowledge and technology, as well as the natural aspects of the country are pointed out as the keys for the success of that product in the market. Brazilian broiler production grew significantly in the last decade; it creates jobs and has a significant social role in Brazilian economy. This study aimed at evaluating the Brazilian broiler meat supply chain from 2000 to 2010 using the social network analysis (SNA. Data from governmental and private sources were organized and analyzed. The focus of this study was the broiler production supply chain segment involving the hatchery, the broiler farm, the feed mill, the processing plant, and the government. The inputs considered were one-day-old chicks, pullet, feedstuff, and the infrastructure; and the outputs were broiler meat and taxes paid. The software UCINET was applied for calculating the structural attributes and indicators of the network. Results showed a relatively disorganized network in 2000 with the strongest tie between the farmer and the processing plant. The structural organization of the network improved until 2010. The density of the ties in the broiler meat production network increased steadily from 2000 to 2010 within a vertical cohesive supply chain structure. The success of Brazilian broiler meat production is attributed to the abundance of land, fertile soil, favorable climate, and the effort and investments in research and development by innovative companies in the last few years. The results of the present study showed that Brazilian broiler production evolved positively in the last ten years, and it was weakly influenced by international challenges.

  7. Development of Small Company

    OpenAIRE

    Fiedler, Viktor

    2015-01-01

    The subject of bachelor thesis is analysis of possibilities and directions of the development of small company. It describes the structure of small company and the problems of its development. It analyses present economical, financial and business situation inside and outside the company. In the second part author introduces some proposals for improving several parts of company.

  8. Analysis of Conservatism and Persistence of Financial Results of the Brazilian Financial Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Paulo de Arruda

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The regulatory environment for public and private companies are significant differences in earnings quality between public and private companies (BALL; SHIVAKUMAR, 2005. However, the literature has suggested that the process of accounting measurement of financial institutions differ substantially from other companies (PEASNELL et al, 2000. Nevertheless,previous studies did not have systematically analyzed the informational differences between the public and private financial institutions. The aim of this study was to analyze the behavior of levels of conservatism and persistence of financial results of the public and private Brazilian financial institutions. To meet the objective of this work was realize an analysis of the data based on the models of conservatism proposed by Ball and Shivakumar (2005 and persistence described by Dechow and Schrand (2004, estimated using panel data. The sample was composed by Brazilian financial institutions public and private in the period between 1996 and 2013. The results of this research identified that none of the types of financial institutions (public and private presents timely losses during the period-analyzed recognition. Regarding the persistence of financial results, the analyses indicate that the private financial institutions have greater persistence in their accounting results that the public institutions, resulting in greater predictability of future profits on present profits. These results suggest that the financial results of Brazilian financial institutions do not exhibit conservative behavior, moreover, the profits of private companies are more persistent than the public companies.

  9. Wind energy technical-economic viability under the new regulatory rules of the Brazilian electric sector; Viabilidade tecnico-economica da energia eolica face ao novo marco regulatorio do setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dutra, Ricardo Marques

    2001-02-15

    The wind energy development in the world shows as one of the most important and promising technologies in the clean energy generation complement. This work presents the wind energy evolution and utilization in the electric power generation, the environmental impacts and perspectives. Considering the great wind potential in Brazil and the new rules of the electric sector, technical feasibility studies were developed based on regions north and northeast wind data as well as economic feasibility studies based on the new regulatory rules for the energy renewable sources. The results show that is possible to generate clean energy within the new context of the electricity sector.(author)

  10. The electric sector and its insert in a global scenery; O setor eletrico e sua insercao num cenario globalizado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serrano, Ricardo Oliveira Lopes

    1999-11-01

    The document discusses the following issues of the Brazilian electric power sector: historical aspects; the creation of the ELETROBRAS and the sectorial debts process; financial and productive globalization; electric industry and the new environment and the new businesses. The author concludes the work detaching the new business appearance in the Brazilian electric power sector.

  11. Integrated planning of resources by hydrographic basins: a proposal of a model for the Brazilian electric sector; Planejamento integrado de recursos por bacias hidrograficas: uma proposta de modelo para o setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorileo, Ivo Leandro; Bajay, Sergio Valdir; Jannuzzi, Gilberto de Martino [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica. Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Planejamento Energetico], Emails: ivo@fem.unicamp.br, bajay@fem.unmp.br, jannuzzi@fem.unicamp.br

    2009-07-01

    This work presents the idea of associating the Resource Integrated Planning (RIP) to the Basin Plans gathering and searching compromising solutions for the three developers: electric power energy, fuel and water, bringing improvements related to the traditional planning processes.

  12. The Brazilian Experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agostini, Antonio Carlos S. de

    1998-12-31

    This presentation discusses the technology and experience of Petrobras in the development of deep-water exploitation off the coast of Brazil. The company recently found important oil deposits in waters over 300 m deep in Campos Basin, the main petroleum province in Brazil, located offshore Rio de Janeiro State. It is estimated that 50% of the new discoveries will take place in waters deeper than 1000 m. Unlike other companies, Petrobras made an option to develop its offshore fields by means of sub-sea equipment and floating production units. This was possible mainly because of the characteristics of the reservoirs and the mild environmental conditions in Campos Basin. Petrobras has 288 subsea trees on the seabed, 48 subsea manifolds and 21 floating production units in operation. The company has constantly moved on to deeper and deeper waters and by the end of 1998 a new milestone will be achieved with a Roncador field subsea well at 1853 m. Procap-2000, a strategic research and development corporate programme for ultra-deep water technology, was developed. Other innovations by Petrobras are also discussed. 3 figs.

  13. Assessing Brazilian educational inequalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benoit Lorel

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides an evaluation of schooling inequality in Brazil using different indicators such as the Education Gini coefficient, the Education Standard Deviation and the Average number of Years of Schooling. We draw up a statistical description of Brazilian human capital dispersion in time over the last half century, across regions and states. Our analysis suggests several conclusions: 1 Strong reduction of educational inequalities measured by Education Gini index. 2 A three parts picture of Brazil seems to emerge, reflecting initial conditions. 3 High increase of the Average number of Years of Schooling. 4 A significant link between Education Gini and the average education length. 5 Education Standard Deviation leads to inverted results compared to Education Gini. 6 Brazilian data are consistent with an Education Kuznets curve if we consider Education Standard Deviation.Esse trababalho busca avaliar o grau de desigualdade educacional no Brasil baseado-se em diferentes indicatores tais como: o índice de Gini educacional, os anos médios de escolaridade e no desvio padrão educacional. Tenta-se colocar uma descrição estatistica da distribuição do capital humano no Brasil, incluindo as diferenças estaduais e regionais observadas durante a ultima metade do século. As conclusões da nossa análise são as seguintes: 1 Forte reduç ão das desigualdades educativas calculadas com o Gini educacional. 2 Um retrato tripartido do Brasil parece se formar refletindo as condições iniciais. 3 Um forte aumento dos níveis de escolarização. 4 Uma relação significativa entre o Gini educacional e os anos médios de estudos. 5 O desvio padrão educacional leva aos resultados inversos do Gini educacional. 6 Os dados brasileiros admitem uma curva de Kuznets educacional se considerarmos o desvio padrão educacional.

  14. Requirements management at Westinghouse Electric Company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Field studies and surveys made in various industry branches support the Westinghouse opinion that qualitative systems engineering and requirements management have a high value in the development of complex systems and products. Two key issues causing overspending and schedule delays in projects are underestimation of complexity and misunderstandings between the different sub-project teams. These issues often arise when a project jumps too early into detail design. Good requirements management practice before detail design helps the project teams avoid such issues. Westinghouse therefore puts great effort into requirements management. The requirements management methodology at Westinghouse rests primarily on four key cornerstones: 1 - Iterative team work when developing requirements specifications, 2 - Id number tags on requirements, 3 - Robust change routine, and 4 - Requirements Traceability Matrix. (authors)

  15. Habitat Appraisal by Vermont Electric Power Company

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Declines in habitat availability have been associated with population declines in bird species breeding in early successional forest and shrubland habitats....

  16. Follow the Leaders: competition in the Brazilian Auto Financing Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo M. S. Moita

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study seeks to understand the competitive pattern and strategy of the firms in the Brazilian automobile financing market. First, we analyzed the strong segmentation observed in this market, determining market niches. We then estimated reaction functions to price changes. The results indicated that the three largest companies in the sector have a strong influence on interest rate setting within the entire segment. This phenomenon characterizes the competition of this sector as the leader-follower type, rather than Bertrand competition, the latter of which is often expected in the banking sector and it demonstrates the existence of the leading firms' market power.

  17. 供电企业一体化缴费技术管理平台研究%The research of electricity payment technology integration management platform for power supply companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房文平

    2015-01-01

    According to the"integrated payment access sys⁃tem" construction standards and multi⁃channel payment services business integration uniform requirements which are promulgated by the China Southern Power Grid Corporation, the integrated pay⁃ment technology management platform has been established that can meet the requirement of"one⁃stop service"marketing business applications. The SOA service⁃oriented layer architecture design scheme, the 95598 online banking, the electricity POS payment ter⁃minals, the power self⁃service payment terminals, online banking and other payment channels have been unified. The platform satis⁃fies the user electricity payment’s network, electronic, and conve⁃nient payment needs. The practice application of integrated pay⁃ment systems, can reduce the power supply enterprise operational services pressure, and improve the power marketing business de⁃velopment and human services levels, which can obtain win⁃win re⁃sults between the power companies and users benefits.%针对南方电网公司“一体化缴费接入系统”建设标准及多渠道缴费服务业务集成统一要求,建立符合“一站妥”营销业务应用需求的缴费技术管理平台。采用面向服务的SOA分层架构设计方案,将95598网上银行、电力POS缴费终端、电力自助缴费终端、网上银行等缴费渠道统一集成,实现用户网络化、电子化、便捷化等缴费需求。一体化缴费系统的运用,减轻了供电企业电力运营服务压力,提高了电力营销业务拓展和人性化服务水平,取得供电企业和用户利益的双赢效果。

  18. Brazilian energy balance 2008 - year 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Brazilian energy balance - BEB - is divided into eight chapters and eleven annexes, whose contents are as follow: chapter 1 - energy analysis and aggregated data; chapter 2 - energy supply and demand by source; chapter 3 - energy consumption by sector; chapter 4 - energy imports and exports; chapter 5 - balance of transformation centers; chapter 6 - energy resources and reserves; chapter 7 - energy and socioeconomics; chapter 8 - state energy data; annex I - installed capacity; annex II - self-generation of electricity; annex III - world energy data; annex IV - world energy evolution; annex V - useful energy balance; annex VI - general structure of the BEN; annex VII - treatment of information; annex VIII - units; annex IX - conversion factors; annex X - consolidated energy balances 1970/2007; annex XI - energy balance 2007. (author)

  19. Complex Network Analysis of Brazilian Power Grid

    CERN Document Server

    Martins, Gabriela C; Ribeiro, Fabiano L; Forgerini, Fabricio L

    2016-01-01

    Power Grids and other delivery networks has been attracted some attention by the network literature last decades. Despite the Power Grids dynamics has been controlled by computer systems and human operators, the static features of this type of network can be studied and analyzed. The topology of the Brazilian Power Grid (BPG) was studied in this work. We obtained the spatial structure of the BPG from the ONS (electric systems national operator), consisting of high-voltage transmission lines, generating stations and substations. The local low-voltage substations and local power delivery as well the dynamic features of the network were neglected. We analyze the complex network of the BPG and identify the main topological information, such as the mean degree, the degree distribution, the network size and the clustering coefficient to caracterize the complex network. We also detected the critical locations on the network and, therefore, the more susceptible points to lead to a cascading failure and even to a blac...

  20. 17 CFR 250.14 - Exemption of acquisitions of securities of power supply companies from section 9(a)(2) of the Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... company, either directly or through a wholly-owned company organized solely for that purpose, provided... company which is not an “affiliate” of any other company under clause (B) of section 2(a)(11) shall be... securities of the power supply company are owned by one or more electric utility companies to which the...