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Sample records for br-5 reactor russian federation

  1. Russian research reactor fuel return to the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beginning December 1999, and continuing to the present, representatives from the United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have been discussing a program to return to Russia Soviet- or Russian-supplied HEU fuel currently stored at foreign research reactors. Trilateral discussions among the United States, Russia, and the IAEA have identified more than 24 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied fuel. The Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program is an important aspect of the US Government's commitment to cooperate with the other nations to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-usable proliferation-attractive nuclear materials. Up to date 122 kg of Russian-origin highly enriched uranium have been shipped to Russia from Serbia, Latvia, Uzbekistan, Rumania, Bulgaria, and the Czech Republic. Preparations for the first spent fuel shipment from Uzbekistan to Russia are close to completion. (author)

  2. The Programme for Fast Reactor Development in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper highlights the status and perspectives on the development of nuclear energy based on fast reactor and closed fuel cycle technologies in the Russian Federation. Information is presented on the new Federal Target Programme 'Nuclear Power Technologies of a New Generation for the Period 2010-2015 and the Outlook to 2020'. (author)

  3. Multimodal shipments under program on Russian-origin research reactor SFA return to Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes experience in preparation and organization of research reactor nuclear material import under the Program on Russian-Origin Highly Enriched Uranium Return to the Russian Federation. It also summarizes evolution of transport equipment, conveyances and routes and describes types of packages, their adaptation and certification, safety issues, peculiarities and prospective use of the packagings and conveyances. (author)

  4. Experience of shipping Russian-origin research reactor spent fuel to the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The primary goal of the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) programme is to advance nuclear non-proliferation objectives by eliminating stockpiles of Russian-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU). The RRRFR programme was first conceived during trilateral discussions among the USA, the Russian Federation and the IAEA, initiated in 1999, when participants identified more than 20 research reactors in 17 countries having Russian/Soviet supplied fuel. In 2000, the Director General of the IAEA sent a letter to 15 countries asking for their willingness to return HEU spent fuel to the Russian Federation. Fourteen countries responded positively to the Director General's letter. In 2004, the Russian Federation and the USA signed a Government-to-Government Agreement concerning cooperation to return the Russian produced research reactor nuclear fuel to the Russian Federation. This agreement established the legal framework necessary for the cooperation between the Russian Federation and the USA for the return of Russian supplied research reactor fuel from eligible countries. Under the Bratislava agreements concluded by Presidents George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin in February 2005, both countries committed to completing all shipments of Russian-origin HEU spent fuel currently stored outside research reactors by the end of 2010. Up to the time of writing (May 2009) the programme has completed 19 shipments totalling over 838 kg of Russian-origin HEU spent and fresh fuel which has been returned from Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Kazakhstan, Latvia, the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Uzbekistan and Vietnam. During this time, the programme successfully removed all HEU from two countries, Latvia and Bulgaria. HEU spent fuel shipments have been the most complex shipments under the RRRFR programme, which will be the focus of this publication. The first shipment of HEU spent fuel from Uzbekistan was completed in January 2006, followed by HEU spent fuel

  5. Development of Fast Sodium Reactor Technology in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper provides information about the development of the sodium cooled fast reactors in the former USSR (Russian Federation) starting from the 1950s. The evolution of this technology is traced from the small research reactors to large power units. It is shown how power and parameters were changing in reactor plants; how engineering solutions on the layout, reactor core design, main equipment and systems were evolving; and how the most important problem on increasing the fuel burnup was being gradually solved. Mastering of the dense nitride fuel instead of the MOX fuel is mentioned as an important challenge. Given are operational results for the first power units with the BN-350 and BN-600 reactors; the experience obtained is evaluated. Characterized are the challenges to be faced in the new BN-800 and BN-1200 projects, as well as information about the status of these projects. (author)

  6. Fast Reactor Development Programme in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Problems of present-day nuclear power development and possible solutions based on the fast reactor technologies and the closed nuclear fuel cycle (CNFC) are analysed in the paper. Technical requirements for the nuclear power systems have been determined for creating large scale nuclear power in the Russian Federation. This report focuses on the objectives and feasible technological goals which should be achieved in the framework of the Federal Target Programme “Nuclear Power Technologies of the New Generation for the years 2010–2015 and Prospects to 2020”, including the “Proryv” Project (“Breakthrough”) elaborated in 2012. (author)

  7. Experience Gained in the Russian Federation on Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors and Prospects for their Further Development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experience gained with sodium cooled fast reactors (SFRs) in the Russian Federation over the past 30 years is reviewed. Some statistical data on the operation indicators gained for SFRs worldwide and in the Russian Federation are presented. The basic phases of SFR technology development in the Russian Federation are described. The main research work undertaken on SFRs in the Russian Federation (BR-5/BR-10, BOR-60, BN-600) for justification of SFR technology is highlighted. Priority is given to analysis of operational experience of industrial power unit No. 3 of the BN-600 reactor at the Beloyarsk nuclear power plant and the operation indicators achieved. Statistical information is presented on abnormal events that occurred during operation of the BOR-60 and BN-600 units, and the extent of their influence on the facilities' safety, technical and economic performances. Conclusions on the level of mastery of SFR technology achieved in the Russian Federation are made, based on the review of operation experience, and prospects for their further development are estimated in the light of this experience. (author)

  8. Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the Russian Federation (RF), management of radioactive wastes will be carried out within the framework of the Federal Target Program for management of radioactive wastes and used nuclear materials for the period 1996-2005. The agency within the RF responsible for this program is the Ministry of Russian Federation on Atomic Energy. Current radioactive waste disposal activities are focused on creating regional repositories for wastes generated by radiochemical production, nuclear reactors, science centers, and from other sources outside of the nuclear-fuel cycle (the latter wastes are managed by Scientific and Industrial Association, 'RADON'). Wastes of these types are in temporary storage, with the exception of non-fuel cycle wastes which are in long term storage managed by SAI 'RADON'. The criteria for segregating between underground or near-surface disposal of radioactive waste are based on the radiation fields and radionuclide composition of the wastes. The most progress in creating regional repositories has been made in the Northwest region of Russia. However, development of a detailed design has begun for a test facility in the Northeast for disposal of radioactive wastes generated in Murmansk and Arkhangelsk provinces. The feasibility study for construction of this facility is being evaluated by state monitoring organizations, the heads of administrations of the Arkhangelsk and Murmansk provinces, and Minatom of Russia

  9. Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides information on the status of institutional and financial arrangements in the Russian Federation for the long term management of HLW and SNF, It includes the following elements: A consistent set of requirements for the technical and legal infrastructure including: funding, liability, institutional control, records management, and research activities; An organizational structure with clearly defined responsibilities; and Provisions for participation by interested parties in decisions and outcomes

  10. Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear industry, research and academic programmes have been developing in the Russian Federation since the 1950s with the former USSR being the cradle of all nuclear programmes, which was later inherited by the Russian Federation. Moreover, the issue of nuclear personnel development has always been recognized as one of the imperatives for supporting research, engineering and production activities in the nuclear field. Thus, almost simultaneously with creating Soviet NFC sites, a number of University programmes aimed at preparing highly qualified and competent staff to meet the requirements of the field were established. The education and training system created then has been successfully operating in the country, having become mature and versatile. Hundreds of competent nuclear professionals are produced each year by leading national schools. It should be noted that the Russian traditional education scheme has always been a continuous process starting with secondary school (which includes high school, i.e. 8-11 forms). High school could be substituted by professional schools (technicums). After high school or a professional school, a student could go on to further education in a university. University graduates acquire diplomas ranking as high as Western MSc diplomas. Having defended diploma projects in technical specialties, the graduates are granted a qualification of engineer-physicist, engineer-designer, engineer-mathematician, etc., and can choose between two options: either continuing with their education to the PhD level, or getting a job at one of the nuclear industrial sites, research institutions, or other nuclear associated organizations. Once employed, they regularly go through updating and upgrading courses (according to the requirement of national regulatory bodies) and/or if necessary through retraining programmes. Recently, a two-step university education (4-year Bachelor of Science Degree Programme - step 1, and a 2-year Master of Science Degree

  11. Application of nuclear reactors for sea water desalination in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief description is given of the results of work carried out in the Russian Federation on the technical and economic aspects of the application and practical implementation of sea water desalination using a nuclear reactor as the energy source. (author)

  12. Status of fast reactor activities in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The power production program was developed before the disintegration of the USSR and CIS. This report covers therefore the current status of power production and consumption in in republics of the former USSR with a separate chapter on the status of nuclear power. It covers some general results concerned with fast reactors operational experience and BN-600 power plant operational experience. This includes radiological conditions at the BN-600 and reactor core operating experience. Separate chapters are devoted to BN-350, BOR-60, BR-10 and BN-800 reactors. Work devoted to large-size reactor design are described including research and development and fabrication

  13. Safety regulations for the nuclear uranium-graphite production reactors decommissioning in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are different types of nuclear installations in the Russian Federation. Among them there are: nuclear power plants (NPPs), research reactors and critical facilities, fuel cycle facilities including uranium mining, conversion, enrichment, nuclear fuel fabrication, spent nuclear fuel (SNF) reprocessing, SNF and radioactive waste (RAW) storage facilities, radiochemistry, production reactors, etc. The first experience in the nuclear fuel cycle facilities decommissioning in Russia was gained from the uranium graphite production reactors shutdown at 'Mayak' site (Ozersk, Chelyabinsk region). The first uranium-graphite reactor was shutdown in 1987 at 'Mayak' site (it was the research uranium-graphite reactor AI). Sometime later in that year the next production reactor (A) was shutdown at the same site. This decommissioning project was used as the prototype for the decommissioning projects of the next two production reactors (AV-2 and AV-3) at the 'Mayak' site (both were shutdown in 1990). In the same year two uranium-graphite production reactors (I1 and EI-2) were shutdown at the 'SChC' site (Seversk, Tomsk region). In 1992 three uranium-graphite production reactors were shutdown - one (ADE-3) at the 'SChC' site and two (AD and ADE-1) at 'MChC' site (Zeleznogorsk, Krasnoyarsk region). (author)

  14. Technical, economic and legal aspects of shipment of research reactor spent nuclear fuel of Russian origin to the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The purpose of the report is the search for principal decisions aimed at realization of the Agreement between RF Government and USA Government regarding cooperation in repatriating RR SNF to the RF. Russian approaches and general ideas to implement RR SNF shipment from the technical, economical and legislative points of view are considered in the report. Russian experience and opportunities of Russian technologies are considered to implement the program stipulated in the Agreement. The solutions resulted from international shipment experience and the most advanced technologies for RR SNF handling are suggested. It is shown that currently there is no single technology coping with the whole program of shipment and within the period specified in the Agreement. The solution is in a complex approach, elaboration of mobile and flexible systems, implementation of joint and parallel shipments. (author)

  15. Status of sodium cooled fast reactor development in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the recent development and activities concerning fast reactors in Russia. The status of nuclear power in 1995 and operational experience of the BR-10, BOR-60 experimental reactors and of the BN-600 nuclear power plant are presented. Main results of R and D program in fast reactor area are discussed. (author)

  16. Staffing requirements for future small and medium reactors based on projections in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental Design Bureau of Mechanical Engineering (OKBM) specializes in the development of small and medium power reactors having different purposes. They include reactor plants for NPHPP, nuclear district heating power plants and propulsion plants. Small and medium power plants have simpler processes of electricity and heat production, less systems, simpler control algorithms and considerably enhanced inherent safety properties. These plants are mainly equipped with passive safety systems. These properties are especially characteristic for reactor plants of nuclear district heating power plants and HTG reactor plants. The designs of small and medium power plants actually provide a high degree of control automation which considerably reduces workload on the personnel in both normal and abnormal operation conditions. All this allows the reduction in personnel for small and medium power reactors if compared to high capacity reactor plants. But due to objective reasons the specific number of personnel (man/MW) for average and especially small capacity reactors considerably exceeds the value for high capacity reactor plants. At the same time one can propose a set of organization - technical measures allowing the increase in this value in future. Safety requirements imposed for small and average capacity reactors are the same or more strict than those for high capacity reactors. That's why the requirements to the training of personnel for such reactor plants are not allowed to be lowered if compared to the requirements imposed to the personnel of high capacity reactors. (author)

  17. Public information - Northwest region of Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regional Center of Public Information in Northwest region of Russian Federation is a part of the State Regional Educational Center of Ministry of the Russian Federation for atomic energy in St.-Petersburg, Russia (http://graph.runnet.ru/). This Center of Public Information (CPI) provides a wide range of information dealing with the nuclear power. The objectives of the CPI are: to conduct informational and educational activities so as to form a positive attitude toward atomic energy and nuclear technologies; to provide the population with a means reliable information about objects of potential risk; to organize an active exchange of the information with enterprises using nuclear technologies in the region. The main topics of informational support are these: electricity production, the ground of nuclear power, new Russian nuclear reactors, nuclear safety, nuclear power and environment, radioactivity, Leningrad nuclear power plant, responsibilities in nuclear engineering. (author)

  18. Factors fragmenting the Russian Federation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, E.

    1993-10-06

    This paper examines the factors that threaten the future of the Russian Federation (RF). The observations are based on a study that focused on eight republics: Mordova, Udmurtia, Tatarstan, Mari El, Bashkortostan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Buryatia, and Altay Republic. These republics were selected for their geographic and economic significance to the RF. Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Udmurtia, and Mari El are located on important supply routes, such as the Volga River and the trans-Siberian railroad. Some of these republics are relatively wealthy, with natural resources such as oil (e.g., Tatarstan and Bashkortostan), and all eight republics play significant roles in the military-industrial complex. The importance of these republics to the RF contrasts to the relative insignificance of the independence-minded Northern Caucasus area. The author chose not to examine the Northern Caucasus region (except Kabardino-Balkaria) because these republics may have only a minor impact on the rest of the RF if they secede. Their impact would be minimized because they lie on the frontiers of the RF. Many Russians believe that {open_quotes}it might be best to let such a troublesome area secede.{close_quotes}

  19. Russian RBMK reactor design information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document concerns the systems, design, and operations of the graphite-moderated, boiling, water-cooled, channel-type (RBMK) reactors located in the former Soviet Union (FSU). The Russian Academy of Sciences Nuclear Safety Institute (NSI) in Moscow, Russia, researched specific technical questions that were formulated by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) and provided detailed technical answers to those questions. The Russian response was prepared in English by NSI in a question-and-answer format. This report presents the results of that technical exchange in the context they were received from the NSI organization. Pacific Northwest Laboratory is generating this document to support the US Department of Energy (DOE) community in responding to requests from FSU states, which are seeking Western technological and financial assistance to improve the safety systems of the Russian-designed reactors. This report expands upon information that was previously available to the United States through bilateral information exchanges, international nuclear society meetings, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) reactor safety programs, and Research and Development Institute of Power Engineering (RDIPE) reports. The response to the PNL questions have not been edited or reviewed for technical consistency or accuracy by PNL staff or other US organizations, but are provided for use by the DOE community in the form they were received

  20. ADS National Programmes: Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Studies on accelerator driven systems (ADS), which be used as burners of long lived radioactive waste accrued due to operation of thermal reactors, first of all, minor actinides (MA), are carried out in some Russian research institutes (ITEP, SSC RF - IPPE, VNIIEF, JINR, RSC KI, IYaI RAN, OKB ‘GIDROPRESS’, VNIITF etc.). These researches are mainly connected with studying physical processes existing in ADS and their parameters and with design studies and substantiation of experimental ADS facilities. One of the most important directions of researches is the acquirement of quite precise and reliable nuclear data on MA with reference to conditions existing in ADS. Now a coordinated programme of researches on measurement and estimation of nuclear data for 22 isotopes of U, Pu, Np, Am, Cm, Bk and Cf in neutron energy range from 0.05 eV up to 30 MeV has been prepared. Development of different variants of ADS has put a task of comparison of their efficiency as burners of MA

  1. Fuels for Advanced Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors in the Russian Federation: State of the Art and Prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Different fuels (i.e. PuO2, UO2 (pellet, vibro), UPuO2 (pellet, vibro), UC, UN, UPuC, UPuN, oxide, nitride and carbide inert matrix fuels, alloyed and non-alloyed metallic fuels) have been studied in BN reactors. Recently, experiments with UPuN, MgO and ZrN based fuels have been completed in the BOR-60 reactor. The paper presents an overview of the principal results of fuel investigations. The problems of reliable fuel performance in the BN-800 and BN-K reactors are discussed. (author)

  2. The Russian Federation Approach to PLiM for LTO

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the Russian Federation, the approach strategy to PLiM for LTO began to develop at the end of the 20th century, when the economic feasibility of the life extension of Russian NPPs beyond the original 30 year design life became apparent. The first NPP to reach its design life in 2001 was Novovoronezh (Units 3 and 4 with WWER-440s). A summary reporting on the life extension granted to Russian reactors is provided. In 1998, a ministerial order was issued by the Russian Ministry of Nuclear Industry about conducting a feasibility study to demonstrate the viability of the life extension of first generation Russian NPPs. To this end, a new technical organization was created based at Rosenergoatom, also known as the Concern for Production of Electric and Thermal Energy at Nuclear Power Plants. The main task of this structure was to develop an LTO strategy, taking into account the operating features of the Russian NPPs. Within Rosenergoatom, a special PLiM programme for LTO was created. The scope concerning the plant life extension (PLEX) of Russian NPP units included the following tasks: — Analysis and substantiation of the social and economic advantages of PLEX projects; — Safety improvements of the NPP units (modernization and reconstruction); — Assessment of the residual lifetime of major SSCs; — Environmental impact study (nuclear and radiation), fire protection and nuclear safety during the additional operating period of the NPP units

  3. Uranium mining capabilities in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: ARMZ is the mining arm of the Russian nuclear industry and responsible for uranium supply for Russian nuclear industry. It operates all uranium producing centers in the Russian Federation and has shares in two joint ventures in Kazakhstan. ARMZ uranium production in 2009 amounted 3 678 tonnes: 3 413 tonnes from three Russian producing centers (3 037 t at Priargunsky, 350 t at Dalur and 26 t at Khiagda) and 114 tonnes at JV Zarechnoe in Kazakhstan. To meet growing Russian nuclear industry requirements ARMZ plans to increase annual uranium production to 10 000 tonnes in 2015 and further to 20 000 tonnes by the year 2025. Uranium resources of ARMZ enterprises in Russia and Kazakhstan amount 582 663 tonnes and completely meet production plans. ARMZ also explore opportunities for joint uranium mining in Ukraine and Mongolia, and for uranium exploration in Canada, Armenia, Namibia and other countries. The principal directions of uranium production development: - Development of existing and under construction producing centers in the Russian Federation (Priargunsky, Dalur and Kniagda) to the annual production 8 000 t; - Building three new uranium producing centers Elkon, Gornoe, Olovskaya and other mines based on recently discovered deposits with the aggregated annual capacity 7 000 t; - Development of joint ventures in Kazakhstan to the level 5 000 t per year. ARMZ cooperates with domestic and foreign nuclear, energy, mining, industrial, financial and trading companies to attract investments in uranium mining. (author)

  4. Russian Federation: National approach to ageing management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The operational organization in the Russian Federation is the JSC ‘Concern Rosenergoatom’. It is responsible for all stages of life time of NPPs from choice of site for new units to their decommissioning. There are 33 power units of the NPP under operation in the Russian Federation. Useful life defined by design for these units was typically 30 years. After 30 years of operation, the prolongation of the useful life is carried out if it is economically rational. The Russian regulatory body ‘Rostechnadzor’ (RTN) issues licenses for the power units operation within design defined term as well as beyond it. The basic document of RTN relating to the prolongation of the operation term is NP-017-2000 ‘Basic requirements to the prolongation of operation term for a power unit of NPP’. The number of Standards of the operational organization (STO) was developed to support NP-017-2000. Recommendations of IAEA were also taken into account

  5. Medical education in the Russian Federation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, R A; Goldfarb, A S

    1996-11-01

    The process of becoming a medical doctor in the Russian Federation is detailed in this paper. There has been a decline in the number of students entering the medical profession, as well as a marked decrease in the faculty members at the medical institutes since perestroika. This is secondary to a marked decrease in financial support as well as falling morale. PMID:9217911

  6. RRDF-98. Russian reactor dosimetry file. Summary documentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document summarizes the contents and documentation of the new version of tile Russian Reactor Dosimetry File (RRDF-98) released in December 1998 by the Russian Center on Nuclear Data (CJD) at the Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, Russian Federation. This file contains the original evaluations of cross section data and covariance matrixes for 22 reactions which are used for neutron flux dosimetry by foil activation. The majority of the evaluations included in previous versions of the Russian Reactor Dosimetry Files (BOSPOR-80, RRGF-94 and RRDF-96) have been superseded by new evaluations. The evaluated cross sections of RRDF-98 averaged over 252-Cf and 235-U fission spectra are compared with relevant integral data. The data file is available from the IAEA Nuclear Data Section on diskette, cost free. (author)

  7. Russian-American venture designs new reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Russian and American nuclear energy experts have completed a joint design study of a small, low-cost and demonstrably accident-proof reactor that they say could revolutionize the way conventional reactors are designed, marketed and operated. The joint design is helium-cooled and graphite-moderated and has a power density of 3 MWt/cubic meter, which is significantly less than the standard American reactor. A prototype of this design should be operating in Chelyabinsk by June 1996

  8. Radioactive waste in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present report has been produced by Kemakta Consultants Co. under contract from the Swedish Radiation Protection Institute (SSI). The purpose of the study is to give a broad overview of the situation in the Russian Federation with regard to the production and management of radioactive waste. The report also presents an outline of possible risks for environmental and societal consequences of the current waste management practices. The study is intended to be used as a basis for discussions regarding possible international cooperative efforts for improving the waste management system in Russia. The report is mainly based on publicly available literature. In addition, information has been obtained during a two-day visit to the Bochvar Institute and the Russian Atomic Power Ministry, MinAtom, in Moscow. Complementary information has been provided by MinAtom in response to a questionnaire that was sent to MinAtom subsequent to the visit to Moscow. Staff at the Russian embassy in Stockholm has assisted in the organisation of contacts as well as with various clarifications and translations. Some of the information in this report has not been officially confirmed by the Russian authorities. 17 refs, 4 figs, 7 tabs

  9. Russian federation : Social Expenditure and Fiscal Federalism in Russia

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2011-01-01

    The Russia Social Expenditure Review (SER) has been undertaken by the human development team in the Europe and Central Asia Region of the World Bank at the request of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation. This Report presents the key findings of the Russia SER work. The key objectives of the SER are to: 1) benchmark Russia's social spending and some human development outcomes ...

  10. Tobacco control in the Russian Federation- a policy analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Lunze, Karsten; Migliorini, Luigi

    2013-01-01

    Background The Russian Federation (Russia) has one of the highest smoking rates in the world. The purpose of this study is to analyze past and current trends of the tobacco epidemic in the Russian Federation, review current tobacco control policy responses, and identify areas of opportunity for policy priorities. Methods We used a policy triangle as analytical framework to examine content, context, and processes of Russian tobacco control policy. The analysis was based on secondary data on su...

  11. Small is beautiful: Russian compact reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ivanov, A.; Perera, J.

    1994-06-30

    Large areas of Russian territory still have no centralized electricity supply making them particularly suitable for the small nuclear power plants described in this article. Thirty small reactor designs have been assessed each generating between 1 MWe and 150 MWe. Six designs were selected as winners, two in each section of small, medium and large designs, capable of producing low cost electricity, efficiently. These are described briefly. plans are underway for the construction of some of the design winners in remote locations. (UK).

  12. Russian research reactor fuel return program starts shipping fuel to Russia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For almost four years the United States (U.S), the Russian Federation (R.F.), and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have been discussing an initiative to return Soviet/Russian-origin research reactor fuel to the Russian Federation. In a series of bilateral and trilateral meetings in Vienna and Moscow, considerable progress has been made toward defining the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program as well as obtaining the necessary technical data to facilitate the return. More than 20 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied fuel have identified. Most of these reactors have stocks of both fresh and irradiated HEU fuel that must be carefully stored and managed for many years to come. On September 21, 2003 the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return program shipped 14 kg of fresh Russian-origin HEU fuel from Romania to the nuclear fuel fabrication facility in Russia, which represented the beginning of the practical implementation of the program. (author)

  13. The Emergence of Public Relations in the Russian Federation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guth, David W.

    2000-01-01

    Describes the emergence of public relations in the Russian Federation over the past 7 years. Concludes that Russia is developing its own vision of public relations, similar in many aspects to that found in the West but also adapted to the harsh realities of Russian life. (NH)

  14. Russian Federation Snow Depth and Ice Crust Surveys

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Russian Federation Snow Depth and Ice Crust Surveys, dataset DSI-9808, contains routine snow surveys that run throughout the cold season every 10 days (every five...

  15. Communication received from the Russian Federation concerning its policies regarding the management of plutonium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Director General has received a letter dated 29 June 2005 from the Federal Atomic Energy Agency of the Russian Federation in the enclosures of which the Government of the Russian Federation, in keeping with its commitment under the Guidelines for the Management of Plutonium (contained in INFCIRC/549 of 16 March 1998 and hereinafter referred to as the 'Guidelines'), and in accordance with Annexes B and C of the Guidelines, has made available annual figures for civil unirradiated plutonium and the estimated quantities of plutonium contained in spent fuel from civil reactors as of 31 December 2004. In the light of the request expressed by the Russian Federation in its Note Verbale of 1 December 1997 concerning its policies regarding the management of plutonium (INFCIRC/549 of 16 March 1998), the enclosures of the letter of 29 June 2005 are attached for the information of all Member States

  16. SECURITY IMPLICATIONS OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION ENERGY POLICY IN CENTRAL ASIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aneta NOWAKOWSKA-KRYSTMAN

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The importance of Central Asia region in energy market creates certain approach of Russian Federation. It infl uences not only situation in the region but also short and long term prospects of economic development of adjacent regions, i.e. North, East and South Asia, the Middle East and Europe. Russian economic policy determines and defi nes certain forms of international cooperation, which, in turn, results in its importance for international political relations. The article points out the essence of Russian Federation policy towards Central Asia and adjacent regions which consists in conducting geo-economic activities determining geo-political activities.

  17. Communication received from the Russian Federation Concerning Its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Director General has received a letter dated 9 March 2007 from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the IAEA in the enclosures of which the Government of Russian Federation, in keeping with its commitment under the Guidelines for the Management of Plutonium (contained in INFCIRC/549 of 16 March 1998 and hereinafter referred to as the 'Guidelines'), and in accordance with Annexes B and C of the Guidelines, has made available annual figures for holdings of civil unirradiated plutonium and the estimated amounts of plutonium contained in spent civil reactor fuel as of 31 December 2006

  18. Spent nuclear fuel management system in the Russian Federation, SNF stockpile and plans for reprocessing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A strategic policy of the development of nuclear industry in the Russian Federation is the closure of nuclear fuel cycle, which must result in a more efficient use of natural uranium recourses and artificial fissile materials generated in nuclear reactors (RepU, plutonium, etc.), ensuring minimization of waste from fuel reprocessing and the wastes for final disposal. The main idea is to provide the reprocessing service for the major part of irradiated fuel including legacy at the radiochemical facilities both existing and under construction. Relations in the field of spent fuel management and of radioactive waste management are regulated on the basis of the Constitution of the Russian Federation as the Basic Law having the supreme legal force and direct action, federal laws of the Russian Federation, legal acts by the President of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Russian Federation, federal norms and rules for the activity in the field of atomic energy use, regulations of the state regulatory authorities as well as relevant national standards. The basic laws which directly regulate relations in the field of safety include Federal Laws: 'On the Use of Atomic Energy', 'On the Radiation Safety of the Public', 'On the Environmental Protection', 'On the Sanitary and Epidemiologic Safety of the Public'. The efficient Spent Fuel Management in the Russian Federation is guided by the following criteria: Nuclear and radiological Safety; RadWastes Minimization; Economical use / disposition of the secondary nuclear materials taking into account quality of the materials; Compliance with the IAEA Convention; Cost optimization. This approach has been supported by the major events of 2006, among which: 1) 25 January 2006 - the Russian Federation President's Initiative with the offer to develop the Global Nuclear Infrastructure with International Centres for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Service. 2) 6 October 2006 - Approval by the Russian Government of the Federal Target

  19. Russian Federation [National and regional programmes on the production of hydrogen using nuclear energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Russian Federation, one of the world's big energy superpowers, is rich in natural energy resources. It has the largest known natural gas reserves of any country on earth, representing 32% of the world's proven reserves. Furthermore, it has, with 157 billion t, the world's second largest coal reserves (10% of the explored coal reserves). The Russian Federation is the largest oil producer of the non-OPEC countries, and the second largest in the world after Saudi Arabia. It has the biggest oil shale reserves in Europe, equal to 35.47 billion t of shale oil. Last but not least, it possesses 8% of the proven uranium reserves. In recent years, the Russian Federation has identified the gas sector as being of key strategic importance. The share of natural gas as a primary energy source is remarkably high compared with the rest of world. Gazprom has a monopoly for the natural gas pipelines and has the exclusive rights to export natural gas, and thus controls their access to the European market. The total primary energy consumption in the Russian Federation was 665 Mtoe in 2007, down from 871 Mtoe in 1990, with 55% covered by natural gas, 20% by oil and 15% by coal. It is the world's fourth largest electricity producer after the USA, China and Japan. In 2007, it produced 1013 TW.h of electricity. Roughly 67% of the Russian Federation's electricity is generated by thermal plants, 17% by hydropower and 17% by nuclear reactors. The Russian Federation is the world's leading net energy exporter and a major supplier to the European Union. In the Russian Federation, about 40% of electric power and 85% of heat supply, mainly in cogeneration, is covered by regional power industries with power plant units of ∼300 MW(th).

  20. Safety status of Russian research reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gosatomnadzor of Russia is conducting the safety regulation and inspection activity related to nuclear and radiation safety at nuclear research facilities, including research reactors, critical assemblies and sub-critical assemblies. It implies implementing three major activities: 1) establishing the laws and safety standards in the field of research reactors nuclear and radiation safety; 2) research reactors licensing; and 3) inspections (or license conditions tracking and inspection). The database on nuclear research facilities has recently been updated based on the actual status of all facilities. It turned out that many facilities have been shutdown, whether temporary or permanently, waiting for the final decision on their decommissioning. Compared to previous years the situation has been inevitably changing. Now we have 99 nuclear research facilities in total under Gosatomnadzor of Russia supervision (compared to 113 in previous years). Their distribution by types and operating organizations is presented. The licensing and conduct of inspection processes are briefly outlined with emphasis being made on specific issues related to major incidents that happened in 2000, spent fuel management, occupational exposure, effluents and emissions, emergency preparedness and physical protection. Finally, a summary of problems at current Russian research facilities is outlined. (author)

  1. Communication received from the Russian Federation concerning its policies regarding the management of plutonium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Director General has received a letter, dated 11 August 2003, from the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation (MINATOM) in the enclosures of which the Government of the Russian Federation, in keeping with its commitment under the Guidelines for the Management of Plutonium (contained in INFCIRC/549 of 16 March 1998 and hereinafter referred to as the 'Guidelines'), and in accordance with Annexes B and C of the Guidelines, has made available annual figures for civil unirradiated plutonium and the estimated quantities of plutonium contained in spent fuel from civil reactors as of 31 December 2002. In the light of the request expressed by the Russian Federation in its Note Verbale of 1 December 1997 concerning its policies regarding the management of plutonium (INFCIRC/549 of 16 March 1998), the enclosures of the letter of 11 August 2003 are attached for the information of all Member States

  2. The Shipment of Russian-Origin Highly Enriched Uranium Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel from Belarus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sikorin, S.N.; Polazau, S.A.; Hryharovich, T.K. [Joint Institute for Power and Nuclear Research ' Sosny' , Academik Krasin Street, Minsk (Belarus); Bolshinsky, I. [Idaho National Laboratory, N. Fremont Avenue Idaho Falls, Idaho (United States); Thomas, J.E. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, South Carolina (United States)

    2011-07-01

    In October 2010, the Global Threat Reduction Initiative and the Joint Institute for Power and Nuclear Research - 'Sosny' of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus completed a shipment that returned 43 kilograms of Russian-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel to the Russian Federation. The spent fuel was legacy material, discharged from the two decommissioned reactors, the Pamir-630D mobile reactor and the IRT-M research reactor. This shipment marked the complete removal of all HEU spent nuclear fuel from Belarus. This paper discusses the planning, preparations, and coordination required to complete this important international shipment successfully. (author)

  3. The Shipment of Russian-Origin Highly Enriched Uranium Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel from Belarus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In October 2010, the Global Threat Reduction Initiative and the Joint Institute for Power and Nuclear Research - 'Sosny' of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus completed a shipment that returned 43 kilograms of Russian-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel to the Russian Federation. The spent fuel was legacy material, discharged from the two decommissioned reactors, the Pamir-630D mobile reactor and the IRT-M research reactor. This shipment marked the complete removal of all HEU spent nuclear fuel from Belarus. This paper discusses the planning, preparations, and coordination required to complete this important international shipment successfully. (author)

  4. Review of fuel for research reactors of Russian design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The most widely spread FA designs with tubular fuels elements (FEs) (WWR-M2, WWR-M5, IRT-2M, IRT-2M, MR, MIR, WWR-TS, IVV-2M, IVV-10) and more than 20 % U-235 enriched nuclear fuel used in research reactors of Russian designs are described. The list of operations which are used to test FAs and FEs for demonstration of their quality is given. The results of activities of conversion of foreign research reactors of Russian designs to low-enriched less than 20% U-235 enrichment) fuel that are performed in accordance with Russian program 'Reduced Enrichment of Research reactors' are presented

  5. Russian Federal Nuclear Center VNIIEF - possibilities of international cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Russian Federation Nuclear Center - the All-Russian Experimental Physics Research Institute (RFNC-AREPRI; VNIIEF) is a major scientific-technical center of Russia capable of solving the most difficult problems in the interests of defense, science and the national economy. There was a time when the RFNC-AREPRI played a decisive role in liquidating the U.S. monopoly on nuclear weapons and ensuring half a century of world civilization without global political and military conflicts. Today, RFNC-AREPRI specialists are entrusted with the mission of maintaining and perfecting Russia's nuclear shield that ensures its security and independence. As well as defense-oriented projects, the Institute is busy developing and implementing a number of projects in the most diverse fields of science and technology. At present, the Institute possesses an experimental and testing base that includes: a gas dynamic complex for testing manufactured products and explosives, irradiation facilities, nuclear reactors, laser systems, complexes for mechanical, temperature and climatic testing of specific manufactured products and instruments, and an aero-ballistic testing complex. The Institute's material base, with its mathematical support, is one of the most powerful in Russia. The RFNC-AREPRI employs about 20,000 workers, including 9,500 scientists and engineers. Today, the RFNC-AREPRI is engaged in activities in the following principal directions: - properties of material under extreme pressure and temperature; - gas dynamics; - nuclear physics; - radiation physics; - laser physics and equipment; - super-powerful magnetic fields; - high-temperature plasma physics; - development of physical models of complex physical processes and the creation of mathematical methodologies and software based on these models; - energy; - medicine; - ecology; - progressive technologies for various sectors of the economy. International cooperation of the RFNC-AREPRI is reviewed. (authors)

  6. Nuclear liability in the Russian Federation: the problem of indemnities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The reason for reform of the nuclear liability legislation in the Russian Federation lies not only in the necessity to improve the nuclear legislation itself but is also due to the need for legal reform in general in Russia following the transition to a market economy. The Civil code of the Russian Federation is being reformed at present and has already been substantially modified. The norms and principles of the International agreements to which the Russian Federation is a Party are incorporated into the national legal system. In the event of contradiction between international and internal norms, the former take priority. The first part of this presentation is devoted to the detailed analysis of arrangements governing the liability of nuclear operators. The liability, the field of application, the covered damages, the exemption and limitations system, the financial guarantee and the government intervening are given. Some gaps or contradictions are still existing but a new specific legislation is actually studied. (N.C.)

  7. Strategies of Yota (Scartel - 4G Operator in Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Netra Pal Singh

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Russian Federation is one of the high growth markets for telecom services which are expected to reach $48.5 billion by 2013.  With the granting of 4G LTE licenses, it is expected that 4G market in Russian Federation will be dominated by four cellular operators, i.e., MTS, Beeline, and MegaFon, Rostelecom along with two new startups, i.e., Osnova Telecom and Red Telecom (Iladi (2010. In addition, other companies such as Yota, Synterra, COMSTAR, Freshtel etc. are also operating in Russian WiMax & LTE telecom market to provide similar services. This paper is an attempt to analyze some of the parameters of LTE turn Yota WiMax Telecom Operator in Russian Federation. The paper covers current achievements of Yota, its reach in Russian Federation, its network size & technology, its services, expansion plans for future, strategies for survival (in question in a highly competitive market of big companies, and its ultimate fate.

  8. Technical, economical and legal aspects of repatriation of Russian-origin research reactor SNF to Russia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of the report is to find some principal decisions to implement an Agreement between the Governments of the Russian Federation and the USA on repatriation of the research reactor spent nuclear fuel (RR SNF) to the Russian Federation. The report presents some ideas and approaches to the transportation of the Russian-origin RR SNF from the technical, economical and legal viewpoints. The report summarizes the Russian experience and possibilities to fulfill the program under the Agreement. Some decisions are proposed related to application of the international transportation experience and the most advanced technologies for the RR SNF handling. At present, there is no any unified SNF transportation technology that is capable to implement the transportation program schedule set by the Agreement. The decision is in the comprehensive approach as well as in the development of mobile and flexible schemes and in implementation of parallel and combined shipments. (author)

  9. Uranium related activities in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Russia plans to accelerate uranium exploration and production activities to guarantee steady development of mining enterprises. The amount and quality of known uranium resources and current production rates cannot provide the planned requirements. The basic directions in uranium production development are development of active mining facilities, revaluation of stand by uranium deposits, uranium joint production in Kazakhstan. To provide effective mining for the next 30 years at Priargunsky center modernization of mining and technological equipment is conducted currently. Two new uranium producing centers Dalur and Khiagda are under construction. Both operate sandstone basal channel deposits using sulfuric acid ISL technology. Large uranium deposits in Aldan district will be studied for high-grade mineralization distribution and effective ore processing. Realization of presented activities on uranium production development must considerably reduce the rates of stocks depletion and provide fuel requirements of the Russian nuclear industry up to 2025-2030. (author)

  10. Russian concepts of nuclear power plants with small reactors without on-site refuelling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents an overview of activities for the development of cogeneration nuclear power plants with small sized reactors on-going in the Russian Federation. Small sized nuclear reactors and power plants on their basis represent a prospective class of power sources for the effective solution of several problems such as provision of isolated consumers in many regions of the world with the electric energy, district heating and/or process heat, potable water etc. The economic expediency and social importance of such power units for the provision of heat and power supply to various consumers in the extreme North and Far East regions of Russia, where fuel supplies are costly and unreliable, has been comprehensively justified through a series studies. The paper outlines the criteria developed for the selection of small reactor designs and concepts and provides a technical overview of 15 concepts of NPPs with small reactors currently developed in the Russian Federation. (author)

  11. Congenital syphilis in the Russian Federation: magnitude, determinants, and consequences

    OpenAIRE

    Tikhonova, L.; Salakhov, E; Southwick, K.; Shakarishvili, A; Ryan, C.; Hillis, S

    2003-01-01

    Objectives: Reported cases of congenital syphilis in the Russian Federation increased 26-fold from 1991–9. Our objectives were to describe the frequency, risk factors, and consequences of delivering an infant with congenital syphilis among pregnant women with active syphilis.

  12. National register of diabetes mellitus in Russian Federation.

    OpenAIRE

    Ivan Ivanovich Dedov; Marina Vladimirovna Shestakova; Olga Konstantinovna Vikulova

    2015-01-01

    Clinical and epidemiological monitoring of diabetes in Russian Federation (RF) is carried out by the National diabetes register, which methodological and organizational reference center is Federal Endocrinology Research Centre. Since 2014 initiated the translation the National diabetes register on online software system in order to increase the effectiveness of the register as a scientific and analytical platform. The article include the analysis of DM prevalence, incidence,DM-related mortali...

  13. Transport of high enriched uranium fresh fuel from Yugoslavia to the Russian federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pešić Milan P.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the relevant data related to the recent shipment (August 2002 of fresh highly enriched uranium fuel elements from Yugoslavia back to the Russian Federation for uranium down blending. In this way, Yugoslavia gave its contribution to the Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors (RERTR Program and to the world's joint efforts to prevent possible terrorist actions against nuclear material potentially usable for the production of nuclear weapons.

  14. Nuclear safety research collaborations between the US and Russian Federation international nuclear safety centers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (MINATOM) and the U.S. Department of Energy (USDOE) have formed International Nuclear Safety Centers to collaborate on nuclear safety research. USDOE established the U. S. Center at Argonne National Laboratory in October 1995. MINATOM established the Russian Center at the Research and Development Institute of Power Engineering in Moscow in July 1996. In April 1998 the Russian center became an independent, autonomous organization under MINATOM. The goals of the centers are to: cooperate in the development of technologies associated with nuclear safety in nuclear power engineering. be international centers for the collection of information important for safety and technical improvements in nuclear power engineering. maintain a base for fundamental knowledge needed to design nuclear reactors.The strategic approach that is being used to accomplish these goals is for the two centers to work together to use the resources and the talents of the scientists associated with the US Center and the Russian Center to do collaborative research to improve the safety of Russian-designed nuclear reactors

  15. Catastrophic Fires in the Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhinin, A. I.; Soja, A. J.; McRae, D. J.; Cahoon, D. R.; Stocks, B. J.; Dubrovskaya, O. A.; Ji-Zhong, J.; Flannigan, M.; DeGroot, B.; Westberg, D.; Stackhouse, P. W.; Conard, S. G.; Hao, W. M.

    2011-12-01

    Impacts of climate change on the severity of wildfires and the implications for carbon emissions in the boreal zone are globally significant because Russia contains two-thirds of the world's boreal forest and peat lands. Wildfires in Russia burn from 2 to 20 million ha annually, depending on burning conditions, yet quantification of trends in fire patterns is hampered by the lack of accurate historic fire data. Official Russian wildfire records greatly underestimate burned areas. However, satellite data for Russia have become easily available for assessing area burned since 1980, and we are in the process of analyzing these data to map historic burned area and fire patterns. Catastrophic fire refers to large, uncontrollable fires that are associated with extreme weather conditions. In Russia, major catastrophic fire events are associated with stable anticyclonic systems, which lead to severe drought that supports extreme fire behavior. These forest fires result in large areas burned and high consumption of vegetation and organic soil horizons. Additionally, thick smoke can reduce visibility, which often paralyzes suppression efforts. In recent years, there have been several large and often economically devastating fire complexes across Russia (European Russia, Tyva, Sakha, Chita and the Far East). We present evidence of the association of these large fires with very high or extreme fire weather danger. We assert that these large fire systems have increased in severity in response to current changes in weather and climate, and we argue that catastrophic fires are likely to increase in the future, as climate warms in the northern hemisphere upper latitudes of Russia.

  16. [Polymorphism of Y-chromosomal microsatellites in Russian population from Southern Federal district of the Russian Federation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kornienko, I V; Bondarenko, E V; Mikhalkovich, L S; Moliarchuk, B A; Kotova, E N

    2009-01-01

    Haplotype frequencies and allele distributions at 11 STR loci of the Y chromosome were evaluated in 180 unrelated individuals from Russian population of Southern Federal district of the Russian Federation (Rostov oblast, Krasnodar krai, and Stavropol krai). Among 153 Y-chromosomal haplotypes discovered, 63 were unique. In the sample of Russian population, the most frequent haplotype (frequency of 5.56%) was 16-11,14-13-30-25-11-11-13-14-11-10 (for the loci DYS19, DYS385a,b, DYS3891, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, and DYS439, respectively). Despite the high diversity of Y-chromosomal haplotypes in the Russian populations from the south of Russia (the h value was 0.997, 0.995, and 0.994 in Rostov, Krasnodar, and Stavropol samples, respectively), analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) showed the absence of differentiation between the populations (phiQST = 0.1%, P=0.36). Comparative differentiation analysis performed for 13 Russian populations from the European part of Russia pointed to low among-population differentiation in Y-chromosomal lineages (phiST = 0.52%, P=0.03). PMID:19239108

  17. Competitiveness of the Russian Federation in the Global Tourism Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavomir Bucher

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available At present, the tourist industry is one of the fastest growing economic branches of the global economy. For many countries, it brings a significant portion of revenues to their national economies. In the article, the identification and assessment of the secondary data of the World Economic Forum published in The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report are carried out. In the Report, the strengths and weaknesses of some countries in the international tourist market are specified in detail. The plan of the analysis is in a more precise specification of competitiveness indices, which consist of compound indices: I — legal framework; II — business environment and infrastructure; III — human, cultural and natural resources for the Russian Federation and some states of Post-Soviet geopolitical space. The goals of the paper are the evaluation of the 14 factors that affect destination competitiveness and the comparison of the competitiveness levels in the Russian Federation. The paper also aimed to provide an understanding of the Russian position in the international tourism market and provide suggestions in order to improve weaknesses of the country. The competitiveness ranking 2015 for the tourism infrastructure, prioritization of travel and tourism, and national tourism perceptions suggest that Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Russia rank the top, relative to other former Soviet Union countries in the sample. Since these countries outperform in a tourism infrastructure, it is likely that they continuously try to improve their physical and financial infrastructure for tourists in the country. Therefore, it is a great challenge for Russia to constantly monitoring new trends and occurrences in the international tourism market, which are more diverse needs and demands of the tourist clientele. The findings of this study also shed light on the competitiveness of the Russian Federation operating in the international tourism market. As understood from

  18. Cooperation in Nuclear Waste Management, Radiation Protection, Emergency Preparedness, Reactor Safety and Nuclear Non-Proliferation with the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Armenia, Georgia and Belarus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) is trusted with the task of implementing Sweden's bilateral cooperation with Russia, Ukraine, Georgia, Belarus and Armenia in the fields of reactor safety, nuclear waste management, nuclear non-proliferation as well as radiation protection and emergency preparedness. In these fields, SSM also participates in a number of projects financed by the European Union. This report gives an overview of the cooperation projects in 2009 as well as the framework in which they are performed. Summaries of each project are given in an Appendix. The project managers in the Section for Cooperation and Development in the Department of International Affairs are responsible for the cooperation projects and the implementation of the bilateral programmes. But the positive outcome of the projects is also dependent on a large number of experts at SSM who work with the regulatory functions in the nuclear and radiation protection fields in a Swedish context as well as on external consultants. Together, their experience is invaluable for the implementation of the projects. But the projects also give experience of relevance for the SSM staff.

  19. Personnel overexposure while extracting leaky fuel assembly from the reactor core on 21.11.95 at Kursk NPP, Unit 4 (the Russian Federation)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brief description of the event: The unit was operating at nominal power. Based on Burst Can Detection System (BCDS) indications personnel observed increased activity of steam at the fuel channel (FC) outlet which indicated leaky fuel rods. Once the affected FC with depressurized fuel rods was identified, efforts were started to discharge the affected fuel assembly from the 47-45 FC. During fuel assembly discharge operation radiation monitoring system alarms went off periodically in the central (reactor) hall. Examination of the place of work performing revealed the following: one fragment of the fuel of 5 mm size was discovered on the receiving unit of the shipping cask with discharged fuel assembly and two fragments of 1.5-2.0 mm size were found on the fuel assembly plug. Fuel fragments were removed in accordance with established procedures. The checking of personal dosimeters of eight workers who took part in the work showed that two persons had increased external exposure doses exceeding the annual limit (58.3 and 56.7 mSv respectively). 2 figs

  20. Status of ITER task T213 collaborative irradiation screening experiment on Cu/SS joints in the Russian Federation SM-2-reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edwards, D.J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Fabritsiev, S.A. [D.V. Efremov Inst., St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Pokrovsky, A.S. [SRIAR, Dimitrovgrad (Russian Federation); Zinkle, S.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

    1996-04-01

    Specimen fabrication is underway for an irradiation screening experiment planned to start in January 1996 in the SM-2 reactor in Dimitrovgrad, Russia. The purpose of the experiment is to evaluate the effects of neutron irradiation at ITER-relevant temperatures on the bond integrity performance of Cu/SS and Be/Cu joints, as well as to further investigate the base metal properties of irradiated copper alloys. Specimens from each of the four ITER parties (U.S., EU, japan, and RF) will be irradiated to a dose of {approx}0.2 dpa at two different temperatures, 150 and 300{degrees}C. The specimens will consist of Cu/SS and Be/Cu joints in several different geometries, as well as a large number of specimens from the base materials. Fracture toughness data on base metal and Cu/SS bonded specimens will be obtained from specimens supplied by the U.S. Due to lack of material, the Be/Cu specimens supplied by the U.S will only be irradiated as TEM disks.

  1. Evaluating Russian space nuclear reactor technology for United States applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Space nuclear power and nuclear electric propulsion are considered important technologies for planetary exploration, as well as selected earth orbit applications. The Nuclear Electric Propulsion Space Test Program (NEPSTP) was intended to provide an early flight demonstration of these technologies at relatively low cost through extensive use of existing Russian technology. The key element of Russian technology employed in the program was the Topaz II reactor. Refocusing of the activities of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO), combined with budgetary pressures, forced the cancellation of the NEPSTP at the end of the 1993 fiscal year. The NEPSTP was faced with many unique flight qualification issues. In general, the launch of a spacecraft employing a nuclear reactor power system complicates many spacecraft qualification activities. However, the NEPSTP activities were further complicated because the reactor power system was a Russian design. Therefore, this program considered not only the unique flight qualification issues associated with space nuclear power, but also with differences between Russian and United States flight qualification procedures. This paper presents an overview of the NEPSTP. The program goals, the proposed mission, the spacecraft, and the Topaz II space nuclear power system are described. The subject of flight qualification is examined and the inherent difficulties of qualifying a space reactor are described. The differences between United States and Russian flight qualification procedures are explored. A plan is then described that was developed to determine an appropriate flight qualification program for the Topaz II reactor to support a possible NEPSTP launch

  2. Russian Federation [Country Specific Operational Experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the course of fuel improvement for the WWER-1000 reactor, five types of fuel assemblies have been designed by Gidropress. The first type of fuel assembly (TVS) for WWER-1000 design had a skeleton based on spacer grids and guide thimbles made of stainless steel. The second type (TVS-M) is a variety of the original TVS. Excessive hold-down force on the fuel assembly in operation had been experienced and a new hold-down unit was developed. This unit allowed a longer design stroke of springs. The third design, (UTVS) was characterized by a transition to a skeleton manufactured from zirconium alloy spacer grids and guide thimbles. The fourth design (TVS-2) has a rigid skeleton to ensure acceptable distortion during operation in the core. The fifth design (TVS-2M) has an elongated fuel stack and has other variations used in modern NPP designs (AES-2006, WWER-TOI), but all are based on TVS-2M technical solutions

  3. Current Status and Future Trends in the Development of Russian Research Reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    capabilities. The new fast research reactor Multipurpose Fast Research Reactor (MBIR) will be developed according to Federal Russian Target Program 'Nuclear Energy Technologies of New Generation' for 2010-2020 with the commissioning date in 2020. The report presents the main design ideas of this reactor. It is the sodium cooled reactor and it has a very big power-150 MW. The neutron flux in the core is not less than 5x1015 cm-2s-1. By commissioning the MBIR reactor with high-capacity loop facilities for Generation IV reactor fuel testing, new capabilities for the development of advanced technologies in the nuclear power engineering on the basis of reactors with fast neutron spectrum and advanced fuel cycles selected by international community will be created. It will be possible to use MBIR for training of the personnel involved in the operation and maintenance of the reactor facilities, S and T developments using research reactor capabilities, as well as for training of students and postgraduates from local and foreign universities specializing in the field of nuclear and fusion power engineering, nuclear science, production of radioisotopes for industrial and medical purposes, radiation-induced modification of materials. According to the plans the MBIR shall to be an important international center for testing of new materials for nuclear reactors of the next generation. (author)

  4. Russian Federation [Example of ODS development programmes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1987, the decision was taken to use in BN-350 and BN-600 reactors steels ChS68 cw and EP450 as standard materials for fuel cladding and FA wrappers, respectively. The application of EP-450 steel as 96 x 2 mm wrappers combined with CW ChS68 as 6.9 x 0.4 mm fuel claddings has reliably ensured the failure free operation of BN-600 fuel assemblies to a burnup of 11.2 at.% at a damage dose of ∼82 dpa. After the HT (HT is the normalization at 1050oC and tempering at 720 deg. C, 1 h) the microstructure of EP450 wrappers consists of ferrite and tempered martensite grains with approximately 1:1 ratio. The microstructure is characterized by presence of rounded MC and M23C6 precipitates in the grain interior and along grain boundaries, with particle diameters ranging from 0.05-0.2 μm. The lath boundaries in grains of the tempered martensite contain some smaller (up to 0.1 μm) blocky precipitates of M23C6. Dislocations in the ferrite are uniformly distributed and their density is 2 x 1014 m-2. The dislocation density in the tempered martensite is 1 x 1015 m-2 and they are non-uniformly distributed intragranularly, forming low angle boundaries. Since the swelling behaviour of ChS68 steels limits the fuel burnup, it is desired that the cladding also be EP-450 but modified as an ODS option so that it retains sufficient strength at high temperatures. The method chosen is mechanically alloying. - Production of steel powder having the matrix composition (EP450) by the centrifugal atomization of the molten mass from a revolving crucible in high purity helium; - Mechanical alloying of the resultant powder with nano-particles (40-80 nm) of Y2O3 in vibrating high-energy attritor; - Vibro-filling the steel cans with the received powder blend, followed by degassing and sealing of cans; - Hot extrusion at ∼1150 deg. C of cans containing a powder blend to produce a hot-extruded bar at the drawing of no less than 10 and its subsequent working; - The quality of the final product is

  5. Case studies: Former centrally planned economics, including the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The current conditions at former uranium mining sites in the Russian Federation are a direct consequence of the Soviet era operation of uranium mines without effective management of the environmental and social aspects of production and without remediation of contaminated areas, much less planning and design for remediation and long term containment of wastes. Mining operations without environmental protection or closure plans were the normal operating approach in the USA and other western countries but the resulting problems were being recognized in the 1960s and most of the legacy sites have since been cleaned up. Similar operating conditions without effective pollution control and closure concepts prevailed at uranium sites in other centrally planned economies such as the Central Asian Republics, East Germany, Czechoslovakia and Hungary prior to 1990. Currently, many mining areas in eastern and western European countries, including Spain, Hungary and the Czech Republic, have instituted effective remediation standards at major mining sites, including programmes applicable to existing as well as new uranium and other metal mines. These programmes are in areas in which long and active mining traditions provide a set of strong working models for effective environmental controls for current and proposed mines in the Russian Federation and other countries in transition from centrally planned economies. Several community surveys document hundreds of homes with radiation levels as much as 10 to 20 times the level requiring remedial action under international standards acknowledged by Russian investigators. The mining districts of southeastern Chita, (the Russian Federation) including Baley (thorium contamination) and others, reported high indoor radiation areas such as Krasnokamensk and Nerchinsk, which are among the first population exposures to these worldwide problems identified in the Russian Federation. Effective national and international attention to the severity

  6. Operating experience and lessons learned in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first lifetime extension project for the second generation WWER-440 plants started in the Russian Federation over 12 years ago for Units 3 and 4 of the NVNPP (Novovoronezh Nuclear Power Plant). The task was called project B-179. Since then, significant experience was accumulated in the lifetime extension of second generation nuclear power units of all types in operation in the Russian Federation (WWER-440, WWER-1000, RBMK-1000, EGP-6 and BN-600). This experience gave the possibility to develop, and later significantly improve, the norms on lifetime extension. Furthermore, high efficiency modern instrumentation, tools and methodologies have been applied, providing precise condition assessments of SSCs and the most complex and reliable information about the NPP as a whole, pinpointing the exact specificity of its condition and of its ageing mechanisms

  7. Environmental restoration plans and activities in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report deals with the status of environmental restoration of uranium-contaminated sites and the methods to reduce radionuclides concentration in the solid and liquid wastes as well as their utilization potential. Attention is given to the waste utilization in agriculture and civil engineering construction. With this in view, the paper deals with waste water purification and applicable standards for natural radionuclides content in solid waste for utilization in construction activities. All works are carried out in accordance with the Special Complex Programme for environmental restoration of contaminated uranium mining and milling sites caused by the activities of the industries engaged in nuclear materials production for the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation. The Programme is an integral part of the Federal Programme ''Conversion of Russian Defense Industries in 1993-2000''. (author)

  8. The Russian Federation [Energy indicators for sustainable development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This research project, entitled 'Initial analysis of different indicators for sustainable energy development on the basis of analysis of existing economic, energy and environmental trends in Russia', began in 2002 and was conducted by a research team representing the Centre for Energy Policy and the Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation (RF). Its principal objectives were to evaluate the current status and prospects for energy policy in the Russian Federation, to identify its major priorities, and to examine their correlation with the main principles and indicators for sustainable energy development. This project was implemented under the patronage of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) within the Agency's work programme on Sustainable Energy Development. The main results of implemented research are listed. A brief evaluation of the current state and prospects of energy policy in priority areas from the standpoint of sustainability is given. Recommendations on improving energy policy are elaborated

  9. Modernization of the Tax Administration of the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    Allan Firestone; Tax Administration Team

    1998-01-01

    This report has been prepared in response to a general request by the State Tax Service (STS) to Georgia State University (GSU) Russian Federation Fiscal Reform project (sponsored by the U.S. Agency for International Development) for assistance in carrying out of a series of studies required in support of the modernization of the STS, and more in particular, as a condition of continuation of the World Bank loan for computerization, including the review EDP systems being developed by RNIVTS fr...

  10. INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION, GLOBALIZATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    OpenAIRE

    Aleshkovski, Ivan

    2012-01-01

    In the article, the author analyzes the impact of globalization on the transformation of international migration flows in the Russian Federation. The author considers the features of global trends in international migration in Russia: increasing involvement of Russia and its regions in the international migration, the qualitative changes in the structure of migration flows, the increasing role of international migration as a factor of the country's demographic development.

  11. Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2004-01-01

    This report on the Russian Federation’s Article IV Consultation highlights Data Module and response by the authorities. Russia’s statistical system has made good progress in adopting international statistical methodologies in response to the need to capture in the statistics the country’s transition to a market economy. These improvements have been achieved notwithstanding the statistical challenges posed by extraordinary economic events during the transition, including the financial cr...

  12. Basic principles of taxation in the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    PUZYNYA T.A.; BESKROVNAYA V.A.

    2015-01-01

    The tax system of the Russian Federation based on economic and legal principles, to include economic justice, proportionality, efficiency or effectiveness, to legal same the legitimacy of the establishment, the combination of the interests of taxpayers with state authorities. In addition to the principles of taxation often include organizational rules, which imply a common methodological framework in the calculation of taxes and their exhaustive list.

  13. Joint nuclear safety research projects between the US and Russian Federation International Nuclear Safety Centers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (MINATOM) and the US Department of Energy (USDOE) formed international Nuclear Safety Centers in October 1995 and July 1996, respectively, to collaborate on nuclear safety research. Since January 1997, the two centers have initiated the following nine joint research projects: (1) INSC web servers and databases; (2) Material properties measurement and assessment; (3) Coupled codes: Neutronic, thermal-hydraulic, mechanical and other; (4) Severe accident management for Soviet-designed reactors; (5) Transient management and advanced control; (6) Survey of relevant nuclear safety research facilities in the Russian Federation; (8) Advanced structural analysis; and (9) Development of a nuclear safety research and development plan for MINATOM. The joint projects were selected on the basis of recommendations from two groups of experts convened by NEA and from evaluations of safety impact, cost, and deployment potential. The paper summarizes the projects, including the long-term goals, the implementing strategy and some recent accomplishments for each project

  14. Communication received from the Russian Federation concerning its policies regarding the management of plutonium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Secretariat has received a letter dated 10 September 2009 from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the IAEA in the enclosures of which the Government, in keeping with its commitment under the Guidelines for the Management of Plutonium (contained in INFCIRC/5491 of 16 March 1998 and hereinafter referred to as the 'Guidelines'), and in accordance with Annexes B and C of the Guidelines, has made available annual figures for holdings of civil unirradiated plutonium and the estimated amounts of plutonium contained in spent civil reactor fuel as of 31 December 2008. In light of the request expressed by the Government of the Russian Federation in its note verbale of 1 December 1997 concerning its policies regarding the management of plutonium (INFCIRC/549 of 16 March 1998), the letter of 10 September 2009 and the enclosures thereto are attached for the information of all Member States

  15. Role of nuclear power in reducing GHG emissions in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 2004 the Russian Federation ratified and thus triggered the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol. The Russian Federation will able to meet its GHG reduction commitment under the Kyoto Protocol not only by 2012 but also until 2020, despite the expected growth in the economy. A new orienting point for negotiations on international agreement on GHG emissions after 2012 - cutting GHG emissions by 50% below 1990 levels by 2050 - is based on the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report and was discussed at the G8 summit in 20084. The Russian Federation has to cut its current emissions by 25% to reach the corresponding target It is necessary to emphasize that nuclear power in the Russian Federation is being developed mainly in order to provide energy security. Nuclear power development is recognized as a strategic goal considering the depletion of fossil fuel resources. Future nuclear power developments will rely on fast reactors and a closed fuel cycle, because fast reactors will allow access to virtually unlimited sources of nuclear fuel, including the energy potential of 238U and natural thorium. The business sector also supports the expansion of nuclear power. However, due to historical reasons, many ecological organizations disapprove of the development of nuclear power, owing to concerns over spent nuclear fuel and high level waste and to the effect of possible accidents at nuclear power plants. However, nuclear power can realize its potential for reducing CO2 emissions only if it is safe and economically acceptable, can solve as yet unresolved issues such as spent fuel storage, and can increase social acceptance through establishing open and transparent dialogue

  16. Judicial system of the Russian Federation: reforming errors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaydidey Yu.M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The urgency of considering problems of modern Russian judicial system and judicial policy is emphasized. The author proves the necessity to study the judicial system of our country in detail. The content of judicial system is analyzed and its structural elements are described. Factors determining the structure of national judicial system are characterized. The main feature of the Russian judicial system is noted, notably: centralization (there is no independent judicial authority in regions except constitutional justice. Considering the judicial system as hierarchically structured set of courts is too simplified and is not conformable to modern justice tasks. The ways of optimizing the system of courts as well as the judicial system of the Russian Federation are proposed. Interim results of the reform in the form of abolishment of the RF Supreme Arbitration Court are negatively evaluated. Intraorganizational transformations have substituted the evolutionary development of the judicial system and the necessity to improve the justice itself. The author confirms that development of relevant draft bill was not accompanied by conducting public researches, studying statistical data, and making general conclusions, proving the efficiency of establishing an integrated supreme court. Threats and challenges to law order are ignored. Supreme courts integration has virtually established a new judicial system, though the proper legal base for it has not been developed. The viewpoints of researchers, warning against negative effects of such reform, are provided. It is concluded that the law under study does not meet present demands of the Russian judicial system.

  17. Spatial planning in the European Union and the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skatershchikov S. V.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the principles of spatial planning, which form the basis for this type of urban development in the countries of the European Union (EU and in the Russian Federation. The following principles are considered and compared for both territories: 1 promotion of territorial cohesion through a more balanced social and economic development of regions and improved competitiveness; 2 encouragement of development generated by urban functions and improvement of the relationship between the town and countryside; 3 promotion of more balanced accessibility; 4 development of access to information and knowledge; 5 reduction of environmental damage; 6 enhancement and protection of natural resources and natural heritage; 7 enhancement of cultural heritage as a factor for development; 8 developing energy resources while maintaining safety; 9 encouragement of highquality, sustainable tourism. An efficiency analysis of these principles showed that the level of their application for ensuring sustainable development differs. It is a result of the significant differences in natural and socio-economic conditions of sustainable development in these countries, as well as different experiences and traditions in the space-time dimension. In most EU countries, ministries of spatial planning were established as early as the 1960s; in the Russian Federation, such authority still does not exist. The coordination of spatial development by the Russian Ministry of Regional Development is of fragmentary nature; therefore, at the moment, the efficiency of spatial planning is rather low. The authors find it necessary to adopt EU practices of urban planning in view of the Russian spatial potential.

  18. Legal basis of Russian origin irradiated WWER nuclear fuel import to the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the process of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) returning from Armenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Slovakia, Ukraine, Finland and the Czech Republic to the Russian Federation the following issues have to be considered: 1) Does the legal opportunity of SNF import to the RF exist? 2) Does the technical opportunity for SNF acceptance at reprocessing or disposal facility exist? 3) What are the basic conditions for SNF import? 4) What are the basic conditions for return or retaining of reprocessing products including RAW? The first issue is a legal one and has to be resolved within the framework of federal laws, RF government regulations and international agreements. The second issue is normative-technical. It is regulated by documents of Rostechnadzor (Federal agency on ecological, technological and nuclear supervision), federal norms and regulations in the field of atomic energy usage, industry standards, and in case they are absent, by technical specifications for SNF supply. The last two issues are resolved in the process of drafting foreign trade contracts on SNF import. Generally, Russian regulatory framework is developed enough to regulate SNF import and handling, even in most complicated cases. Nevertheless, when foreign trade contracts on SNF import being drafted there may be disputed regarding both SNF import and RAW return. This report concerns the RF legal and regulatory basis on terms and conditions of SNF import, interim storage, reprocessing and reprocessing products handling in the RF. (authors)

  19. Return to the Russian Federation of irradiated fuel assemblies from the Institute of Nuclear Physics, Republic of Uzbekistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Russian Federation is jointly implementing with the USA and the IAEA the program providing return to the Russian Federation of irradiated fuel assemblies from foreign research reactors constructed with the assistance of the former Soviet Union. The main goal of the program is to diminish the stockpile of highly enriched uranium in the form of fuel assemblies at research reactor sites, it also attempts at convincing the countries with operational research reactors to switch over to a lower enriched fuel. The research reactor at the Institute of Nuclear Physics, Uzbek Academy of Sciences was elected to be the first candidate for a 'pilot' transfer to the Russian Federation of irradiated research fuel assemblies. The reason for this selection is the institute's maximum preparedness in the institutional and technological aspects. The irradiated fuel assemblies will be returned in full compliance with the provisions of the recent Russian legislation on management of foreign irradiated fuel assemblies. The legislation endorses a mandatory state ecological expertise of the uniform project for the return of irradiated fuel assemblies and implementing specialized programs for environmental rehabilitation of radiation contaminated sites. (author)

  20. Communication received from the Russian Federation Concerning its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Secretariat has received a letter dated 15 July 2010 from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the IAEA in the enclosures of which the Government, in keeping with its commitment under the Guidelines for the Management of Plutonium (contained in INFCIRC/549 of 16 March 1998 and hereinafter referred to as the 'Guidelines'), and in accordance with Annexes B and C of the Guidelines, has made available annual figures for holdings of civil unirradiated plutonium and the estimated amounts of plutonium contained in spent civil reactor fuel as of 31 December 2009

  1. Communication Received from the Russian Federation Concerning its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Secretariat has received a note verbale dated 26 October 2012 from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the IAEA in the enclosures of which the Government, in keeping with its commitment under the Guidelines for the Management of Plutonium (contained in INFCIRC/549 of 16 March 1998 and hereinafter referred to as the 'Guidelines'), and in accordance with Annexes B and C of the Guidelines, has made available annual figures for holdings of civil unirradiated plutonium and the estimated amounts of plutonium contained in spent civil reactor fuel as of 31 December 2011

  2. Communication received from the Russian Federation Concerning its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Secretariat has received a letter dated 18 October 2011 from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the IAEA in the enclosures of which the Government, in keeping with its commitment under the Guidelines for the Management of Plutonium (contained in INFCIRC/549 of 16 March 1998 and hereinafter referred to as the 'Guidelines'), and in accordance with Annexes B and C of the Guidelines, has made available annual figures for holdings of civil unirradiated plutonium and the estimated amounts of plutonium contained in spent civil reactor fuel as of 31 December 2010

  3. Present experience of NRI REZ with preparation of spent nuclear fuel shipment to Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nuclear Research Institute Rez plc (NRI) jointed the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) programme under the US-Russian Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) initiative and started the preparation of the spent nuclear fuel (SNF) shipment from the LVR-15 research reactor back to the Russian Federation (RF). The transport of 16 SKODA VPVR/M casks with EK-10, IRT-2M 80 %, and IRT-2M 36% fuel types is planned for the autumn of 2007. The paper describes the experience gained so far during the preparatory works for the SNF shipment (facility equipment modification, cask licenses) and the actual preparation of the SNF for transport, in particular its checking, repacking in a hot cell, loading into the VPVR/M casks, drying, manipulation, completion of the transport documentation, etc., including its transport to the SNF storage facility at the NRI before it is shipped to the RF. The paper also briefly describes a regulatory framework for these activities with a focus on legislative and methodological aspects of the return of vitrified waste back to the Czech Republic. (author)

  4. Characteristics of uranium districts of the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uranium deposits are discovered in 15 ore districts of the Russian Federation. They are subdivided into four groups: Streltsovsky district with existing production centre, Stavropolsky district with depleted deposits, three prospective districts and ten reserve districts. The overview of new data on these districts is presented. Streltsovsky district with Priargunsky Production Centre include 19 molybdenum-uranium deposits of structure-bound volcanic type in caldera. The main activities in Stavropolsky district with two depleted uranium deposits are connected with restoration works and wastes rehabilitation. Except Streltsovsky district there are no more deposits in the Russian Federation prepared for uranium production. At the same time some uranium deposits of Vitimsky, Zauralsky, and West-Siberian districts are prospective for new development of production centres. They belong to the sandstone type, related to paleovalley or basal channel, and are suitable for ISL operation. The deposits of the other districts are considered to be reserve and considered unprofitable for uranium production at present and in the nearest future. The biggest of them is Aldansky district with gold-uranium deposits in potassium metasomatites in areas of Mesozoic activation of Archean cratons. Central Transbaikalsky, Yeniseisky, Yergeninsky, Onezhsky, Ladozhsky, Bureinsky, Khankaisky, Volgo-Uralsky reserve districts include mainly small-size deposits of vein, volcanic, surficial and metasomatite types with low uranium grades. (author)

  5. Natural And Technological Risk Assessment And Mapping In Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burova, Valentina; Frolova, Nina; Ugarov, Aleksander; Pyrchenko, Vera

    2014-05-01

    Natural and technological disasters are serious threat for residents and infrastructures in urban areas of the Russian Federation and many other countries. Disasters' risk assessment and mapping is the first step to minimize the negative consequences of such events. The paper analyzes different approaches for risk assessment: mathematical simulation and empirical one based on statistic data of past events' consequences. Special attention is paid to verification of vulnerability functions of elements at risk against natural disasters. Numerical modeling of the impact of landslides on the building with various design elements and foundation with CAD systems PLAXIS 3D application was used to identify additional loads on buildings. The results of simulation were taken into account when assessing risk for the Russian Federation territory. The examples of natural and technological risk maps for some regions of the country are given. Verified vulnerability functions of buildings on pier foundation in tabular forms against landslides are presented, as well as verified vulnerability functions for different buildings type against floods.

  6. ORGAN DONATION AND TRANSPLANTATION IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. V. Gautier

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Registry data analysis shows stabilization of indicators of donor and transplant activity in 2011 after continuous growth within five years, increase in a share of effective donors after brain death and multi-organ explantation, development of thoracic organs transplantation and living related donor kidney transplantation. In the conditions of decentralization of organ donation and transplant programs it is necessary to develop coope- ration between transplant centers and to expand the practice of an interregional exchange of donor organs. The federal law «About bases of health protection of citizens in the Russian Federation», accepted in 2011, creates a legal basis for development and acceptance of the new legislation in the sphere of organ donation and transplantation. 

  7. Neutronics Benchmarks for the Utilization of Mixed-Oxide Fuel: Joint US/Russian Progress Report for Fiscal 1997. Volume 3 - Calculations Performed in the Russian Federation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-06-01

    This volume of the progress report provides documentation of reactor physics and criticality safety studies conducted in the Russian Federation during fiscal year 1997 and sponsored by the Fissile Materials Disposition Program of the US Department of Energy. Descriptions of computational and experimental benchmarks for the verification and validation of computer programs for neutron physics analyses are included. All benchmarks include either plutonium, uranium, or mixed uranium and plutonium fuels. Calculated physics parameters are reported for all of the contaminated benchmarks that the United States and Russia mutually agreed in November 1996 were applicable to mixed-oxide fuel cycles for light-water reactors.

  8. Current trends in and prospects for development of Russian research reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over more than fifty years, many research reactors were built to Russian designs both at home and abroad, which is a considerable contribution to the world reactor engineering. Russian research reactors proved to be successful to an extent that it was found possible to raise capacity and to extend the range of their application. Though having a fairly long operating record, the majority of Russian research reactors are far from the end of their service life and are still in active use. In 2000, the 'Strategy of nuclear power development in Russia in the first half of the 21st century' was elaborated and approved. The requirements of national nuclear power and the possible ways of its development identified in this document called for assessing the existing research capabilities. The findings of such assessment are presented in this report. The main conclusion lies in the following. On the one hand, the number and experimental capabilities of domestic research reactors are sufficient for coping with the objectives of research in, and on the other hand, retrofitting and upgrading appear to be the most expedient way of managing the operation of research reactors in the near term. Activities are under way to upgrade and extend the service life of multipurpose reactors, such as MIR-M1, SM-3, IRV-1M, BOR-60, IVV-2M, and others. The Federal Agency of the Russian Federation for Atomic Energy (Rosatom) supports the development of reactors intended for fundamental research with the use of neutron beams. To this end, Rosatom renders financial and professional support with a view to complete the PIK reactor construction at PIYaF and the IBR-2 reactor upgrades at JINR. In a longer term, the development of research reactors in Russia is expected to have the following pattern: - a small number of high-flux testing reactors with up-to-date experimental facilities located on the sites of the existing research centers; - PIK reactor, catering to domestic and foreign needs for beam

  9. Federal Law "On Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation": Conditions of Adoption and Development Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris V. Korobeynikov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Adoption of the Federal Law "On Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation" in 1992 took place in a tough fight in the time of privatization and restructuring. At this time, revealed numerous violations. Prosecution authorities stood on the position of the rule of law and the interests of the state, has become a serious obstacle to the forces that destroy the state and its economy. In the 90 years of the twentieth century, the prosecutor's office declined status in the society, which is reflected in the text of the new Constitution of the Russian Federation (1993, containing only one, 129 article devoted to the prosecuting authorities, while there were five (Article in the Constitution of the USSR of such articles . 164, 165, 166, 167, 168. Also, the law "On the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation" does not include an article on the problems of supervision in this direction, as well as Art. 30 "to arrest". These changes to the law the prosecutor's office indicate the desire of the legislator to downplay the independence of the prosecution and its role in countering the massive violation of the law of the initial period of "perestroika". The role of politics in the legal regulation of the activities of the prosecutor's office is determined by the law "On the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation" and the insertion in the amended. The activities of the prosecution authorities, the powers of prosecutors are regulated by criminal procedure, civil procedure, arbitration procedure and other legislation, which varies due to the effects of many political reasons.

  10. Shipment of Spent Nuclear Fuel from the Nuclear Research Institute Rez plc, Czech Republic to the Russian Federation for Reprocessing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After 50 years of operation of the research reactor operated by the Nuclear Research Institute Rez plc (NRI), a large amount of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) of Russian origin has been accumulated. In 2005, NRI joined the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) program under the US-Russian Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) and started the process of SNF shipment from the LVR-15 research reactor back to the Russian Federation (RF). SNF shipment from NRI to the Russian Federation represents a very complex and complicated scope of work, technically, legally and contractually. The SNF shipment has been realized under several specific conditions: 1. High capacity SKODA VPVR/M casks were used for transportation for the first time, which enabled the shipment of both high and low enriched SNF (about 550 fuel assemblies) in one shipment, resulting in substantially reduced risk. 2. For the first time, high enriched uranium SNF from a research reactor has been sent to the RF from a European Union country under the appropriate intergovernmental agreements, legal regulations and conditions. 3. Combined road (ADR) and railway (RID) transport of the dangerous material was used, with several re-loadings of goods. The following topics are described in the paper: - The types of SNF from the LVR-15 reactor and the quantity of particular types. - Experience gained during preparatory work for the SNF shipment. - Experience gained during preparation and fulfillment of the frame contract between the US DOE and NRI, the contract between IAEA, SKODA JS and NRI to supply a transport and packaging system, and negotiations and contracts between NRI and respective subcontracting organizations in the Czech Republic, Russian Federation and transit countries Slovakia and Ukraine, to ensure the goal and schedule of the project were met. - Experience gained during the legislative and legal process to obtain all licenses, permissions and agreements in the Czech Republic, transit countries

  11. ORGAN DONATION AND TRANSPLANTATION IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN 2015. 8th report of National Register

    OpenAIRE

    S. V. Gautier; S. M. Khomyakov

    2016-01-01

    Aim. To carry out monitoring of the organization and development of the organ donation and transplantation in theRussian Federationaccording to 2015.Materials and methods. Questioning of heads of all the centers of transplantation is carried out. The comparative analysis of the obtained data in dynamics by years, between certain regions of theRussian Federation, the transplantation centers is done.Results. According to the register in2015 inthe Russian Federation 36 centers of renal transplan...

  12. To the Question of the Minority Shareholders Rights Protection in the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    Nazar Ch. Saparov

    2014-01-01

    In the present article author examines organizational and legal issues of legitimate rights and interests of the minority shareholders of the joint stock companies in Russian Federation protecting. In modern Russian joint stock companies it is important to allocate a special category of shareholders, whose rights and interests are very limited and often violated. This category of persons is minority shareholders. In many countries, including Russian Federation, legislation aimed at protecting...

  13. Progress of the Russian RERTR program: Development of new-type fuel elements for Russian-built research reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The new design of pin-type fuel elements and fuel assembly on their basis for Russian research reactors has been developed. The number of following activities has been performed: computational and experimental substantiation of fuel element design; development of fabrication process of fuel elements; manufacturing of experimental assembly for lifetime in-pile tests. The relevant fuel assemblies are considered to be perspective for usage as low-enriched fuel for Russian research reactors. (author)

  14. Effective intercultural communication and conflict management in German-Russian cooperation. Implications for private and public enterprises in Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    Baeuerle, Irina

    2013-01-01

    This paper raises several questions about the important role of intercultural communication management both in private and public enterprises in Russian Federation, focusing on the central issue of (inter)cultural competence as an integral part of intercultural conflict management. Among these questions are: What barriers to communication in Russian-German cooperation are essential? What tools and interventions can be identified to overcome cultural barriers to effective communication on the ...

  15. Inference of the Russian drug community from one of the largest social networks in the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    Dijkstra, L.J.; Yakushev, A. V.; Duijn, P. A. C.; Boukhanovsky, A. V.; Sloot, P.M.A.

    2012-01-01

    The criminal nature of narcotics complicates the direct assessment of a drug community, while having a good understanding of the type of people drawn or currently using drugs is vital for finding effective intervening strategies. Especially for the Russian Federation this is of immediate concern given the dramatic increase it has seen in drug abuse since the fall of the Soviet Union in the early nineties. Using unique data from the Russian social network 'LiveJournal' with over 39 million reg...

  16. 78 FR 77423 - Ferrosilicon From the Russian Federation and Venezuela: Postponement of Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    ... Russian Federation and Venezuela: Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigations, 78 FR 49471 (August 14, 2013) (``Initiation Notice''). \\2\\ See id., 78 FR at 49474. As explained in the memorandum from the... International Trade Administration Ferrosilicon From the Russian Federation and Venezuela: Postponement...

  17. 76 FR 39847 - Solid Fertilizer Grade Ammonium Nitrate From the Russian Federation; Final Results of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-07

    ...: Solid Fertilizer Grade Ammonium Nitrate From the Russian Federation, 64 FR 45236 (August 19, 1999). On... Fertilizer Grade Ammonium Nitrate From the Russian Federation, 65 FR 42669 (July 11, 2000) (``Final... Results of Review.'' \\1\\ See Initiation of Five-Year (``Sunset'') Review, 76 FR 11202 (March 1,...

  18. 76 FR 26247 - Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation: Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    ...: Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation, 70 FR 19930 (April 15, 2005). On April 1, 2010, the Department... Administrative Review, 75 FR 78968 (December 17, 2010), and Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation... Than Fair Value: Pure Magnesium in Granular Form From the People's Republic of China, 66 FR...

  19. 75 FR 26922 - Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation: Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-13

    ...: Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation, 70 FR 19930 (April 15, 2005) (Antidumping Duty Order). On April... Than Fair Value: Pure Magnesium in Granular Form From the People's Republic of China, 66 FR 49345... Value: Pure Magnesium From the Russian Federation, 66 FR 49347 (September 27, 2001). These mixtures...

  20. The Contact Expert Group for international radioactive waste projects in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Contact Expert Group (CEG) was formed in 1995 following an international conference at the IAEA on radioactive waste management in the Russian Federation. The purpose of the CEG is to collect information on radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel problems in the Russian Federation and to present recommendations for their elimination. (author)

  1. Communication of 24 April 2000 received from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the Communication of 24 April 2000 received from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency, including a statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation in connection with the ratification by the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

  2. ADMINISTRATIVE OFFENCES LEGISLATION AS AN OBJECT OF THE JOINT COMPETENCE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND ITS SUBJECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasileva Jana Valerevna

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This article was prepared within the framework of thesis «A comparative aspect of administrative offences legislation of the Russian Federation subjects (based on Northwestern Federal District materials». The article deals with the analysis of the joint competence objects differentiation between the Russian Federation and its subjects. It characterizes the joint competence of the Russian Federation and its subjects as a legal basis that allows the subjects of the Russian Federation to create their own normative legal base (within the Russian unified legal framework. The article provides various scientific views on the question about constitutional legitimacy of administrative delictual credentials of the Russian Federation subjects power authorities. Ultimately the author concludes that the aim of the Russian Federation subjects lawmaking in the field of administrative offences legislation is a legal regulation of public relations (which are not regulated by federal legislation in compliance with the regional specificity of a particular subject of the Russian Federation.

  3. Current status and development perspectives of state nuclear and radiation safety regulation in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The state radiation safety regulation in Russia stems from the establishment in 1946 of the state radiation monitoring service (the RNC 'Kurchatov Istitute' nowadays). The nuclear safety was subject to control later. Since 1963 NPP safety was brought under oversight by various organisations. It should be noted that the main emphasis was laid on controlling nuclear safety. Gosatomnadzor of Russia was shaped as it is now in 1991 (first as the State Committee, then - the State Committee under the President of the Russian Federation, then - the Federal Service and finally - the Federal Authority). Gosatomnadzor of Russia has become not only a supervisory, but also regulatory body. The share of competence of Gosatomnadzor of Russia was extended to cover, along with NPPs and nuclear reactors, nuclear fuel cycle facilities and national economy organizations as well as military facilities. Later, by Decrees of the President of the Russian Federation (1993, 1995) the Ministry of Defense and a number of Minatom's facilities and organizations were taken out from the Gosatomnadzor of Russia's oversight. Presently, basic areas of activities of Gosatomnadzor of Russia being the state authority for nuclear and radiation safety regulation, spring from the Federal Law on 'Atomic Energy Use' and are defined by the 'Statute of the Federal Nuclear and Radiation Safety Authority of Russia' approved by the Government of the Russian Federation in 2002. Among these areas are the following: a) Development, approval and enactment of federal rules and regulations in the area of atomic energy use; b) Licensing with the aim of ensuring safety of activities in the area of atomic energy use; Organization of safety expert review of nuclear installations, radiation sources and storage facilities; Oversight for compliance with nuclear and radiation safety rules and regulations as well as license conditions; Conduct of inspections by Gosatomnadzor of Russia's inspection departments with regard to

  4. The Russian Federation's Ministry of Atomic Energy: Programs and Developments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reviews select programs driving the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation's (Minatom) efforts to raise funds, comments on their potential viability, and highlights areas likely to be of particular concern for the US over the next three to five years. The paper's findings are: (1) Despite numerous cabinet displacements throughout the Yeltsin administration, Yevgeny Adamov was reappointed Minister on four occasions. With Boris Yeltsin's January 1, 2000 resignation, Adamov's long-term position as the head of the Ministry is more tenuous, but he will likely retain his position until at least the March 2000 elections. Acting President Vladimir Putin is unlikely to reorganize his cabinet prior to that date and there are no signs that Putin is dissatisfied with Adamov's leadership of Minatom. (2) Adamov's chief priorities are downsizing Minatom's defense sector, increasing the oversight of subsidiary bodies by the central bureaucracy and consolidating commercial elements of the Ministry within an umbrella organization called Atomprom. (3) Viktor Mikhaylov, Adamov's predecessor and critic of his reform efforts, has been relieved of his duties as First Deputy Minister. While he retains his positions as Chief of the Science Councils and Chief Scientist at Arzamas-16, his influence on Minatom's direction is greatly diminished. Adamov will likely continue his efforts to further marginalize Mikhaylov in the coming year. (4) Securing extra-budgetary sources of income continues to be the major factor guiding Minatom's international business dealings. The Ministry will continue to aggressively promote the sale of nuclear technology abroad, often to countries with questionable nonproliferation commitments. (5) Given the financial difficulties in Russia and Minatom's client states, however, few nuclear development programs will come to fruition for a number of years, if ever. Nevertheless, certain peaceful nuclear cooperation agreements should be carefully

  5. Hepatitis C in the Russian Federation: challenges and future directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukomolov, Sergey; Trifonova, Galina; Levakova, Irina; Bolsun, Daria; Krivanogova, Eugenia

    2016-01-01

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is one of the most prevalent health problems in the world. Official registration of HCV infections in the Russian Federation started in 1994. Two clinical forms of infection – acute and chronic hepatitis C – are registered separately. Moreover, the HCV national surveillance system also includes reports from laboratories on results from testing ∼20 population risk groups for antibodies to HCV; approximately 15–16 million tests are performed annually. Modern epidemiological features of HCV infection in the Russian Federation are characterized by low incidence of the acute form of infection (acute HCV; one to two per 100,000) and a dramatic increase in chronic HCV (CHCV) cases. In 2013, the average nationwide rate of newly detected CHCV cases was 39.3/100,000. In the same year, the prevalence of CHCV demonstrating an accumulation of chronically infected patients in the country was much higher – 335.8/100,000. Four risk groups were identified as greatly affected by HCV, which were demonstrated by a high prevalence of antibodies to HCV: newborns from chronically infected women, persons from correctional facilities, patients with chronic liver diseases, and clients from clinics for sexually transmitted disease patients and drug users. It was found that several HCV genotypes circulated in different regions of the country; HCV1b had a prevalence of 55%–80% in almost every part of the country. However, in St Petersburg during the final decade of the last century and from 2001–2005, HCV3a subtype expanded circulation among young people due to increased intravenous drug addiction. Intravenous drug users were the major cause of a higher registration of double infection, with two different virus subtypes, and the appearance in Russia of new recombinant virus RF_2k/1b. It can be concluded that CHCV infection should be a focus of the health care system in Russia because serious epidemics of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular

  6. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AGAINST THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION ARE ILLEGAL UNDER PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW

    OpenAIRE

    BURKE JOHN J.A.

    2015-01-01

    In response to the Russian Federation’s purported ‘annexation’ of Crimea and the conflict between separatists in the Donbass region and the central government of Ukraine, the United States, the European Union, Japan, and Australia, the principal countries, have imposed economic sanctions upon Russian officials, firms, and private individuals. The economic sanctions imposed upon the Russian Federation violate public international law on three grounds: 1) lack of authorisation under the United ...

  7. Economic Sanctions Against the Russian Federation Are Illegal under Public International Law

    OpenAIRE

    John J.A. Burke

    2015-01-01

    In response to the Russian Federation’s purported ‘annexation’ of Crimea and the conflict between separatists in the Donbass region and the central government of Ukraine, the United States, the European Union, Japan, and Australia, the principal countries, have imposed economic sanctions upon Russian officials, firms, and private individuals. The economic sanctions imposed upon the Russian Federation violate public international law on three grounds: 1) lack of authorisation under the United ...

  8. International nuclear legislation: proposals of the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Proposals of the Russian Federation on the amendments to Convention on early notification of a nuclear accident and to Convention on nuclear safety, as well as proposals on enhancement of IAEA safety standards are given. It is suggested to fix a provision regarding prompt and limited in time notification of the concerned State Parties of the Convention and the IAEA by a State where an accident has occurred; as well as a provision that would require making relevant information public. It is proposed to provide for the following commitment of Contracting Parties to the Convention: a Contracting Party planning to start construction of a first nuclear installation under its jurisdiction shall take, prior to commencement of the construction, all necessary steps related to long-term planning and establishment of nuclear power infrastructure, in line with the IAEA recommendations. It is pointed out the necessity of a clear procedure of coordination and interaction between a State, concerned operator and regulator. It is necessary to revise the existing design requirements with a view to consider any combination of external impacts on a nuclear installation, as well as to include adequate provisions for nuclear safety in case of such impacts

  9. Application of a Russian nuclear reactor simulator VVER-1000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of the present work is to give to know the most important characteristics in the Russian nuclear reactor of pressurized light water VVER-1000, doing emphasis in the differences that has with the western equivalent the reactor PWR in the design and the safety systems. Therefore, a description of the computerized simulation of the reactor VVER-1000 developed by the company Eniko TSO that the International Atomic of Energy Agency distributes to the states members with academic purposes will take place. The simulator includes mathematical models that represent to the essential systems in the real nuclear power plant, for what is possible to reproduce common faults and transitory characteristic of the nuclear industry with a behavior sufficiently attached to the reality. In this work is analyzed the response of the system before a turbine shot. After the accident in the nuclear power plant of Three Mile Island (US) they have been carried out improvements in the design of the reactor PWR and their safety systems. To know the reach and the limitations of the program, the events that gave place to this accident will be reproduced in the simulator VVER-1000. With base to the results of the simulation we will conclude that so reliable is the response of the safety system of this reactor. (Author)

  10. Russian RERTR program: Advanced LEU fuel development for research reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pin-type fuel elements of new generation have been developed for conversion of Russian-built research reactors to LEU. This paper contains the main results of out-of-pile investigations during manufacturing of experimental batches of mini- and full size fuel elements for irradiation tests in 'MIR' (Dmitrovgrad) and VVR-M (Gatchina) reactor respectively. U-Mo LEU fuel granules have been manufactured both by centrifugal atomization and by hydride-dehydride process. Loading of mini-fuel elements made 4 and 6 g U/cm3, whereas full size ones were loaded to 5.3 g U/cm3. All fuel elements went through quality control of cladding thickness and uniformity of fuel granules distribution through the length of each one. (author)

  11. Financial Support of Tour Operator Activities: Issues of Implementation in the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana Valeryevna Zavyalova

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Studying the issues of implementation of financial support of tour operator activities in the Russian Federation, which have so far impeded the guaranteeing of protection of rights and legitimate interests of Russian tourists at a proper level, allows to formulate practical recommendations and suggestions for improvement of Russian legislation in order to enhance the efficiency of legal regulation of tourism field and protection of rights and legitimate interests of Russian citizens. The article presents a comparative study of the Russian financial guarantee institution and its foreign analogues, defines the causes of emergence of the institution of financial support of tour operator activities in Russian legislation and imposition of a prohibition on tour operator activities. We have come to the conclusion that acknowledgment of financial support of tour operator activities as financial guarantees of tour operator’s liability. Analysis of current Russian legislation allowed to detect its contradictions and develop practical recommendations for improvement of Russian tourism legislation. In particular, it allowed to draw a conclusion of the need to eliminate the non-conformance of standards of article 17.6 of the Federal law NO 132-FZ “On foundations of tourist activity in the Russian Federation” (“Tourist activity law” further on issued on 24.11.1996 to the standards of item 1 of article 48; item 1 of article 53; item 1, item 3 of article 56; article 402 of the Civil code of the Russian Federation (part one; federal law № 51-FZ issued on 30.11.1994 (the Civil code of the Russian Federation.

  12. International Field School on Permafrost: Yenisei, Russian Federation - 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyland, K. E.; Streletskiy, D. A.; Grebenets, V. I.

    2013-12-01

    The International Field School on Permafrost was established in Russia as part of International Polar Year activities. The first course was offered in 2007 in Northwestern Siberia and attracted students from Russia, Germany, and the United States. Over the past seven years undergraduate and graduate students representing eight different countries in North America, Europe, and Asia have participated in the field school. This annual summer field course visits different regions of the Russian Arctic each year, but the three course foci remain consistent, which are to make in depth examinations of, 1) natural permafrost characteristics and conditions, 2) field techniques and applications, and 3) engineering practices and construction on permafrost. During these field courses students participate in excursions to local museums and exhibitions, meet with representatives from local administrations, mining and construction industries, and learn field techniques for complex permafrost investigations, including landscape and soil descriptions, temperature monitoring, active-layer measurements, cryostratigraphy, and more. During these courses students attend an evening lecture series by their professors and also give presentations on various regionally oriented topics of interest, such as the local geology, climate, or historical development of the region. This presentation will relate this summer's (July 2013) field course which took place in the Yenisei River region of central Siberia. The course took place along a bioclimatic transect from south to north along the Yenisei River and featured extended stays in the cities of Igarka and Noril'sk. This year's students (undergraduate, masters, and one PhD student) represented universities in the United States, Canada, and the Russian Federation. The organization of this course was accomplished through the cooperation of The George Washington University's Department of Geography and the Lomonosov Moscow State University

  13. The U.S.-Russian joint studies on using power reactors to disposition surplus weapons plutonium as spent fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1996, the US and the Russian Federation completed an initial joint study of the candidate options for the disposition of surplus weapons plutonium in both countries. The options included long term storage, immobilization of the plutonium in glass or ceramic for geologic disposal, and the conversion of weapons plutonium to spent fuel in power reactors. For the latter option, the US is only considering the use of existing light water reactors (LWRs) with no new reactor construction for plutonium disposition, or the use of Canadian deuterium uranium (CANDU) heavy water reactors. While Russia advocates building new reactors, the cost is high, and the continuing joint study of the Russian options is considering only the use of existing VVER-1000 LWRs in Russia and possibly Ukraine, the existing BN-60O fast neutron reactor at the Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant in Russia, or the use of the Canadian CANDU reactors. Six of the seven existing VVER-1000 reactors in Russia and the eleven VVER-1000 reactors in Ukraine are all of recent vintage and can be converted to use partial MOX cores. These existing VVER-1000 reactors are capable of converting almost 300 kg of surplus weapons plutonium to spent fuel each year with minimum nuclear power plant modifications. Higher core loads may be achievable in future years

  14. Radionuclide behaviour in forest soils of Russian Federation and Ukraine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shcheglov, A. I.; Tsvetnova, O. B.

    2012-04-01

    Behaviour of radionuclides in soil determines to a great extent the radionuclide root uptake and their further migration in food chains. The radionuclide fate in the soil is determined by a wide spectrum of simultaneously running, often competitive elementary processes, such as adsorption-desorption, diffusion-mass transport, retention-migration, etc. The intensity of each elementary process depends, in turn, on a combination of several factors such as nature of the radionuclide, physicochemical features of the fallout, soil properties, environmental regimes, etc. Radionuclide deposition in soils is known to be a basic criterion of the radioecological situation in the contaminated territory. Our long-term investigations performed in contaminated forests (30-km zone of Chernobyl NPP; Tula, Kaluga and Bryansk regions of the Russian Federation) had shown that radionuclide migration in the forest landscapes was determined primarily by the forest litter presence. The key factors of radionuclide redistribution within the soil litter are (i) permanent addition of the low-contaminated organic matter ("clean" litterfall), and (ii) high rate of transformation. The dynamics and intensity of decontamination processes depends on the forest litter sub-horizon. Leaf (A0l) layer exhibits the highest rate of decontamination: 137Cs content in this layer decreased twofold by the second year after the accident and reached its equilibrium value (about 1% of the total deposition) by the 4-5th year after the fallout. The corresponding quasi-equilibrium radionuclide content in A0f layer (10-20%) is reached by the 8-9th year after the accident. The corresponding equilibrium in A0h layer is not reached yet. Thus, the effective half-life of radionuclides in soils should be calculated for each sub-horizon separately, taking into account the above-discussed features of the radionuclide dynamics. The rate of annual radionuclide replacement from the forest litter to mineral layers depends on the

  15. Avian influenza diagnosis in the Russian Federation: Achievements and perspectives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to the Rosselkhoznadzor data, during 2005-2006, the avian influenza H5N1 outbreaks were reported in the Russian Federation in the Siberian, Ural, Central and South Federal Okrugs. In 2007, the RF officials notified the IOE about HPAI/H5N1 outbreaks in the territories of the Krasnodarsky Krai, Republic of Adygea, Moskovskaya and Kaluzhskaya Oblast. In 2008 there was one report about HPAI/H5N1 outbreak in Primorskii Krai (Far Eastern Okrug). To detect and characterize the avian influenza virus the following diagnostic scheme was used in ARRIAH: suspected cases (poultry, wild birds) and for monitoring purposes. 392 samples were positive in PCR to avian influenza virus type A. The most part of them were HPAI H5N1. In 2005 it was discovered 618 samples (223 - from poultry and 395 are from wild birds). Avian influenza type A virus genome was detected in 174 samples (85 - from poultry and 89 are from wild birds). 84 poultry samples and 36 wild birds samples were positive to subtype H5N1 (HPAI). 44 AI virus isolates were recovered (28 - from poultry and 16 are from wild birds). In 2006 it was discovered 1014 samples (159 - from poultry and 855 are from wild birds). Avian influenza type A virus genome was detected in 144 samples (84 - from poultry and 60 are from wild birds). Most part of these samples were positive to subtype H5N1. 67 AI virus isolates were recovered (50 - from poultry and 17 are from wild birds). In 2007 there were analyzed 833 samples (233 - from poultry and 600 are from wild birds). Avian influenza type A virus genome was detected in 55 poultry samples. All are positive to H5N1 subtype. Avian Influenza type A virus genome was detected in 7 samples from 1 region. Avian Influenza subtype H5N1 virus was not found. In 2008 we analyzed approximately 1400 samples. Most of them are from wild birds. Only 30 samples are from poultry. Avian influenza type A virus genome was detected in 1 poultry sample (HPAI H5N1). Avian Influenza type A virus genome

  16. QUALITATIVE OPERATION INDICES OF TRANSPORT COMPLEX OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. N. Pugachev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers existing qualitative indices of transport services. Indices for evaluation of qualitative operation indices of transport complex have been proposed in the paper. Special attention has been devoted to interaction and coordination of various types of transport as the highest level of qualitative operation of transport complexes. Operational coordination of transport facilities is considered as introduction of modern management, information and communication systems while using satellite navigation-information systems. The paper has studied the possibility to create a modern automated management system for transport complex at the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation that ensures an efficient organization of standardized information exchange between transport complex participants.The paper provides efficient solutions on transport problems that lead to planned improvements of objective indices with small expenses. A special focus has been given to development of transport systems in large cities with the purpose to reveal their impact on operation of the national transport complex. The paper considers conceptual moments pertaining to designing and realization of an intellectual management system and creation of complex conditions that ensure maximally efficient transport management on city territory.The main purpose of transport infrastructure modernization in accordance with its types is to create modern efficient transport facilities and equipment for provision of technological infrastructure required for the system of objects included in the transport infrastructure. The modernization strategy must be governed by national policy in the field of any transport and in accordance with international development tendencies in transport industry and transport construction. In this respect the transport infrastructure is the very first consumer of innovative high technologies that determine scientific

  17. Safety aspects of spent nuclear fuel shipment from 'Vinca' Institute to the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main safety aspects were analyzed and possible radiation impact on the personnel, population and environment during spent nuclear fuel preparation for shipment to the Russian Federation was estimated. Basic safety principals in elaborating repackaging technology are specified. (author)

  18. The second line of defence in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the most dangerous forms of terrorism is nuclear and radiological terrorism, including threats by terrorists to use so called dirty bombs. The Russian Federation?s national security concept recognizes the possibility of a terrorist threat arising in practically any sphere of State activity. The threat of nuclear or radiological terrorism is considered an integral part in the overall problem of ensuring national security. Without doubt, reliable physical protection of nuclear material and a reliable system of accounting for and control of nuclear material and radioactive substances play a key role in preventing and countering possible acts of nuclear and radiological terrorism. Clearly, however, the problem of combating the manifestations of nuclear and radiological terrorism cannot be solved by physical protection measures alone. Considering that the whole threat of nuclear and radiological terrorism is conditional upon the possibility of illicit trafficking in nuclear material and radioactive substances and their illegal possession or transport in a State?s territory, across its customs boundaries or in transit across its territory, national systems for responding to the threat of terrorism must be designed as an informational and logical whole integrated with the system for combating illicit trafficking in nuclear material and radioactive substances. Generally speaking, the term ?second line of defence? refers to the set of measures to combat illicit trafficking in nuclear material and radioactive substances at the next level above the nuclear facility. This level can be the territory of a country or its border. The ?second line of defence and countermeasures against nuclear and radiological terrorism? means coordinated actions taken by federal bodies of the executive power whose functional duties include the prevention of terrorist acts in general, and by law enforcement bodies, ministries, departments and organizations directly concerned with the use of

  19. The experience of shipping spent nuclear fuel from Uzbekistan to the Russian Federation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yuldashev, B.; Salikhbaev, U. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Ulugbek (Uzbekistan); Bolshinsky, I. [Research Reactor Fuel Return Program, INL, Washington, DC (United States); Thomas, J. [Research Reactor Fuel Return Program, SRS, Washington, DC (United States); Tyazhkorob, V. [Production Association Mayak (Russian Federation); Golyapo, Y. [KATEP-AE, Lisa Chaikina 4 (Kazakhstan)

    2007-07-01

    In April 2006 the last of four shipments of spent nuclear fuel left the Institute of Nuclear Physics outside of Tashkent, Uzbekistan and traveled to the Mayak site in the Russian Federation. The shipment marked the completion of the first campaign under the National Nuclear Security Administration's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) Program to return highly enriched spent nuclear fuel to its country of origin. In total, 252 spent fuel assemblies containing over 63 kg of highly enriched uranium were returned. The project proved to be an excellent example of cooperation as four countries, Uzbekistan, Russia, Kazakhstan and the United States, were involved in its planning and implementation. This paper will describe the shipment process from planning to completion with emphasis placed on the critical activities. Specifically the paper will discuss: the activities performed to prepare for the shipments; the roles and responsibilities of each country; the shipment details; the lessons learned; and the future plans of the Institute and the RRRFR program. (authors)

  20. The experience of shipping spent nuclear fuel from Uzbekistan to the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In April 2006 the last of four shipments of spent nuclear fuel left the Institute of Nuclear Physics outside of Tashkent, Uzbekistan and traveled to the Mayak site in the Russian Federation. The shipment marked the completion of the first campaign under the National Nuclear Security Administration's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) Program to return highly enriched spent nuclear fuel to its country of origin. In total, 252 spent fuel assemblies containing over 63 kg of highly enriched uranium were returned. The project proved to be an excellent example of cooperation as four countries, Uzbekistan, Russia, Kazakhstan and the United States, were involved in its planning and implementation. This paper describes the shipment process from planning to completion with emphasis placed on the critical activities. Specifically the paper will discuss: the activities performed to prepare for the shipments; the roles and responsibilities of each country; the shipment details; the lessons learned; and the future plans of the Institute and the RRRFR program. (author)

  1. The experience of shipping spent nuclear fuel from Uzbekistan to the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In April 2006 the last of four shipments of spent nuclear fuel left the Institute of Nuclear Physics outside of Tashkent, Uzbekistan and traveled to the Mayak site in the Russian Federation. The shipment marked the completion of the first campaign under the National Nuclear Security Administration's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) Program to return highly enriched spent nuclear fuel to its country of origin. In total, 252 spent fuel assemblies containing over 63 kg of highly enriched uranium were returned. The project proved to be an excellent example of cooperation as four countries, Uzbekistan, Russia, Kazakhstan and the United States, were involved in its planning and implementation. This paper will describe the shipment process from planning to completion with emphasis placed on the critical activities. Specifically the paper will discuss: the activities performed to prepare for the shipments; the roles and responsibilities of each country; the shipment details; the lessons learned; and the future plans of the Institute and the RRRFR program. (authors)

  2. ORGAN DONATION AND TRANSPLANTATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN 2013 6th report of National Register

    OpenAIRE

    S. V. Gautier; Y. G. Moysyuk; S. M. Khomyakov

    2014-01-01

    Aim. To carry out monitoring of the state and prospects of the development of organ donation and transplantation in the Russian Federation according to 2013. Materials and methods. Questioning of heads of all the centers of transplantation is carried out. The comparative analysis of the obtained data in dynamics of years, between certain regions of the Russian Federation, the transplantation centers, and also with data of the international registers is made. Results. According to the register...

  3. ORGAN DONATION AND TRANSPLANTATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN 2014 7th REPORT OF NATIONAL REGISTER

    OpenAIRE

    S. V. Gautier; Ya. G. Moysyuk; S. M. Khomyakov

    2015-01-01

    Aim. To carry out monitoring of the organization and development of organ donation and transplantation in the Russian Federation according to 2014. Materials and methods. Questioning of heads of all the centers of transplantation is carried out. The comparative analysis of the obtained data in dynamics of years, between certain regions of the Russian Federation, the transplantation centers, and also with data of the international registers is made. Results. According to the Register in 2014 i...

  4. Right of Lifetime Inheritable Possession of the Land Plot under the Legislation of the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    Pavel A. Byshkov

    2014-01-01

    In the present article author discusses issues of the right for the lifetime inheritable possession of land as part of the system of limited property rights for land in Russian Federation. Author chronologically explores process of this legal institute formation. Author begins his study with from the Soviet system of land rights and finishes with the legal regulation of land rights in contemporary Russia, what are enshrined in the Land Code of the Russian Federation and the Civil Code of the ...

  5. Microanalysis of retirement behavior in the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    Iuliia Sonina

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the results of econometric analysis of retirement behavior of Russian pensioners. The aim of the investigation is determination of those factors that affect the retirement decision of men and women in Russia. Their understanding can be helpful for pension reform realization. This analysis is performed on the basis of data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey. The data are taken from the 15th to 19th waves of survey that correspond to 2005-2010 period of time. Fi...

  6. [Molecular-genetic analysis of the field isolates of avian leucosis viruses in the Russian Federation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plotnikov, V A; Grebennikova, T V; Iuzhakov, A G; Dudnikova, E K; Norkina, S N; Zaberezhnyĭ, A D; Aliper, T I; Fadly, A M

    2012-01-01

    Results of monitoring of different subtypes of avian leukosis virus (ALV) from commercial poultry farms in 14 regions of Russian Federation were discussed. Only three regions were found to be negative. ALV was detected in other 11 regions in 46-64% cases (for different regions). The phylogenetic analysis of the genomes for the 12 field isolates of ALV was carried out in different regions of Russian Federation. The isolates belong to different subtypes of the virus and form two large groups. The genomic differences between Russian and foreign isolates within each group range from 5% to 10%. PMID:23248858

  7. Joint US-Russian co-operation to enhance protection of weapons usable nuclear material in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1995, the US Department of Energy (DOE) was assigned formal responsibility within the US government for directing the Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC and A) program under the Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. Improving the protection of nuclear material became the mutual goal of the United States and Russian Federation. Under the MPC and A program, assurances are required to provide evidence to the US Executive and Legislative personnel, oversight personnel, DOE, and the public that the program is cost-effective and meeting proliferation risk reduction goals. By building mutual trust and confidence with our Russian counterparts, progress has been made toward gaining access/assurances at a number of Ministry of the Russian Federation for Atomic Energy (MinAtom) sites. This progress has provided the required assurances at a large number of sites, primarily in the civilian sector of the Russian nuclear complex. However, the issue of access/assurances at a few sites, primarily in the weapons sector of the MinAtom complex, is still tentative. (author)

  8. Newcastle disease: Molecular-biological diagnosis in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Newcastle disease is registered in the Russian Federation and for last time it is seen an upward tendency of ND outbreaks in backyards poultry due to lack of specific prophylaxis. Reports on ND outbreaks from 2004 to 2007 submitted to OIE are shown. The use of molecular-biological methods can reveal ND virus in the lab. ARRIAH has acquired practical experience in the diagnosis of ND virus and holds data on ND viruses identified or isolated in the course of the current diagnostic and monitoring investigations of samples from wild and domestic birds. The developed set of molecular-biological methods allows ND virus to be reliably and rapidly detected in field samples. They are also able to characterize ND viruses with F-gene sequencing that can be used for the assessment of potential virulence, their phylogenetic belonging which will aid in making decisions of how to fight the disease, to trace a possible source of infection and further spread. The developed set of molecular-biological methods of ND diagnosis includes: - ND virus detection with RT-PCR and F-gene sequencing, determination of potential virulence based on F0-amino acid restriction site; - ND virus detection with RT-PCR and ND-gene sequencing; - ND virus detection with RT-PCR and vaccine strain La-Sota differentiation based on the Fgene; - Genotyping of ND viruses revealed in Russia Genetic characterization of ND viruses allows rapid and reliable determination of their group belonging and also helps make conclusions about presence or absence of any epizootic links among outbreaks, their possible source, spread routes, current and potential threat to poultry farms. A total of 657 field samples from wild and domestic birds were PCR tested in 2007. The samples covered 20 regions of Russia and the Ukraine. ND virus was found in 8 regions of Russia. 516 samples were from wild birds with 9 positive results and 141 samples were from domestic birds with 16 positive results. PCR and sequencing identified 17

  9. Communication of 17 April 2000 received from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the Communication of 17 April 2000 received from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency, including a statement by the Acting President of the Russian Federation in connection with the ratification by the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation of START-II Treaty and the package agreements on antimissile defence of 1997

  10. Message to 50th anniversary conference, 11 December 2007, Moscow, Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The International Atomic Energy Agency commends the Russian Federation, founding member of the IAEA and one of the key stakeholders in shaping the Agency over the past five decades, for organizing this commemorative event in the Diplomatic Academy. Russia has played a constructive role in, multilateral diplomacy and in addressing global challenges such as energy security, nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism. One of the key areas that has shaped our decades long cooperation has been the development of nuclear power applications for electricity generation. Russia is a staunch supporter of the IAEA's International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO). This project represents a unique platform for international cooperation and its role is recognized throughout the nuclear community. A recent initiative of President Putin is based on recognition of the fact that the expected expansion in nuclear power over the next few decades will drive a commensurate increase in demand for nuclear fuel cycle services and the need for an assurance of supply mechanism. This initiative, which is relevant to the development of a new, multilateral framework for the nuclear fuel cycle, resulted in the establishment of an International Uranium Enrichment Centre in Angarsk in 2007. The Agency has joined Russia on working to develop a proposal to set aside a fuel bank under IAEA control at Angarsk that would be available to States as a supply of last resort. The cooperation between the Agency and Russia has also been exemplary in support of efforts for the application of international standards and guidelines to enhance the safety and security of nuclear power plants, research reactors and radioactive sources. In addition, there has been valuable cooperation in the return to the country of origin of nuclear fuel no longer required for the operation of research reactors. The Russian Federation is assured that the International Atomic Energy Agency looks forward

  11. Development of a New Transportation/Storage Cask System for Use by the DOE Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael J. Tyacke; Frantisek Svitak; Jiri Rychecky; Miroslav Picek; Alexey Smirnov; Sergey Komarov; Edward Bradley; Alexander Dudchenko; Konstantin Golubkin

    2007-10-01

    The United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have been working together on a program called the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) Program. The purpose of this program is to return Soviet or Russian-supplied high-enriched uranium (HEU) fuel, currently stored at Russian-designed research reactors throughout the world, to Russia. To accommodate transport of the HEU spent nuclear fuel (SNF), a new large-capacity transport/storage cask system was specially designed for handling and operations under the unique conditions at these research reactor facilities. This new cask system is named the ŠKODA VPVR/M cask. The design, licensing, testing, and delivery of this new cask system result from a significant international cooperative effort by several countries and involved numerous private and governmental organizations. This paper contains the following sections: 1) Introduction; 2) VPVR/M Cask Description; 3) Ancillary Equipment, 4) Cask Licensing; 5) Cask Demonstration and Operations; 6) IAEA Procurement, Quality Assurance Inspections, Fabrication, and Delivery; and, 7) Conclusions.

  12. Development of New Transportation/Storage Cask System for Use by DOE Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have been working together on a program called the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) Program. The purpose of this program is to return Soviet or Russian supplied high-enriched uranium (HEU) fuel currently stored at Russian-designed research reactors throughout the world to Russia. To accommodate transport of the HEU spent nuclear fuel (SNF), a new large-capacity transport/storage cask system was specially designed for handling and operations under the unique conditions for these research reactor facilities. This new cask system is named the SKODA VPVR/M cask. The design, licensing, testing, and delivery of this new cask system are the results of a significant international cooperative effort by several countries and involved numerous private and governmental organizations. This paper contains the following sections: (1) Introduction/Background; (2) VPVR/M Cask Description; (3) Ancillary Equipment, (4) Cask Licensing; (5) Cask Demonstration and Operations; (6) IAEA Procurement, Quality Assurance Inspections, Fabrication, and Delivery; and, (7) Summary and Conclusions.

  13. Upgrades for truck transportation of SNM in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The goal of this project is the rapid reduction of risk to truck transportation of SNM in Russia. Enhanced protection is being accomplished by cooperation between the US Department of Energy, MINATOM of Russia, the Russian Ministry of Defense, and various Russian Institutes. This program provides an integrated program of specialized trucks that are equipped with hardened overpack (SNM vault) containers, alarm and communications systems, and armored cabs. Armored escort vehicles are also provided to increase the survivability of the guards escorting convoys. Only indigenous Russian equipment, modified and/or manufactured by Designing Bureau for Motor Vehicle Transport Equipment (KBATO), is provided under this program. The US will not provide assistance in the truck transportation arena without a commitment from the Russian facility to provide heavily armed escorts for SNM movement. Each site conducts a detailed transportation needs assessment study that is used as the basis for prioritizing assistance. The Siberian Chemical Combine (Tomsk-7) was the initial site of cooperation. The designs used at Tomsk-7 are serving as the baseline for all future vehicles modified under this program. In FY98, many vehicles systems have been ordered for various institutes. Many additional systems will be ordered in FY99

  14. State Regulation Of Licensing In The Sphere Of Production Of Peat In Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel A. Byshkov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the article features of legal regulation of production and state licensing of peat in the modern legislation and laws of the Russian Federation are analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the understanding of peat as a mineral that is important for the country's energy. The process of securing right of the peat use in the modern Russian law is analyzed. The question of the relationship of legislation on the subsoil and water legislation is researched, as well as issues of the Law of the Russian Federation "On Subsoil" and the Water Code of the Russian Federation are correlated. In addition the term "swamp", as the object of peat occurrence is considered. In the broader concept of the "wetland" exists in the Ramsar Convention of the 1971. The order of occurrence, termination, as well as the content of a license for the peat use is analyzed. The license is considered as a special governmental approval, including the prescribed form of the document with the State Emblem of the Russian Federation, as well as text, graphics and other supplements that are an integral part of the license and the fundamental conditions for the subsoil use. Rights and obligations of peat users in Russia are analyzed. Importance of the legal regulation of peat extraction as a common mineral in the Russian law understanding is highlighted.

  15. Review of Meetings of the Government of the Russian Federation in December 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Maksim Goldin

    2013-01-01

    In December 2012, at the meetings of the Presidium of the Government of the Russian Federation the issues of introduction of mandatory pre-trial procedure for appealing by taxpayers against all the non-normative acts of tax authorities, as well as amendments to Federal Law No. 402-FZ of December 6, 2011 on Accounting were discussed.

  16. Russian Federal nuclear center facilities for nuclear spectroscopy investigations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Russian Federal Nuclear Center facilities for Spectroscopy investigation in the field of nuclear spectroscopy are described. Here are discussed basic properties of used radiation sources, facilities and technologies for target material production and manufacture of targets from rare, high-toxic or radioactive materials. Here are also reported basic features of complex detector systems and technologies for manufacture of scintillation detectors with special properties VNIIEF was founded as a weapons laboratory. The development of nuclear and thermonuclear bombs was followed by a wide complex of nuclear-physics investigations. Naturally, data on nuclear-physics properties of active and structure materials being part of nuclear weapons were of greatest interest.At the initial stage of work on the development of nuclear weapons the information on nuclear constants of materials including the most important neutron ones was rather scant. Data published in scientific literature had low exactness and were insecure. Results of measurements sometimes differed greatly by various groups of investigators. At the same time it was clear that, for example, a 1,5-times mistake in the fission cross-section could cause a several times mistake in the choice of uranium or plutonium mass, which is necessary for the bomb development. These circumstances determined importance of the nuclear-physics investigations. Demands on knowledge of process details occurring inside the nuclei conditioned by a problem of developing and improving of nuclear weapons and atomic power are rather limited. However, the further development of nuclear industry has proved a well-known point that this knowledge being accumulated forms a critical mass that leads to an explosive situation in the elaboration both of ideological and technological aspects of these problems. It is the tendency of inside development of nuclear science that has conditioned preparedness of knowledge about intranuclear processes for

  17. EVOLUTION OF LEGISLATION ON ADOPTION OF CHILDREN IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    OpenAIRE

    Oksana Petyukova

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses the development of legislation on adoption of children in the Russian Federation.  Results were obtained from the analysis, in the historical and modern aspects, of the legislation on adoption of children that allows us identify the problems associated with the regulations on the children-orphans adoption in the family.The results of the court statistics demonstrated that almost every second child adopted by Russian citizens is returned to authorized guardianship bodies...

  18. Neutron flux spectra and radiation damage parameters for the Russian Bor-60 and SM-2 reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karasiov, A.V. [D.V. Efremov Scientific Rresearch Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Greenwood, L.R. [Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States)

    1995-04-01

    The objective is to compare neutron irradiation conditions in Russian reactors and similar US facilities. Neutron fluence and spectral information and calculated radiation damage parameters are presented for the BOR-60 (Fast Experimental Reactor - 60 MW) and SM-2 reactors in Russia. Their neutron exposure characteristics are comparable with those of the Experimental Breeder Reactor (ERB-II), the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF), and the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) in the United States.

  19. [70th anniversary of 111th Main Federal Center of medical and forensic examination of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinchuk, P V; Fokin, A A

    2013-03-01

    The article is devoted to 70th anniversary of the head state forensic expert institution of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation--111th Main state center of medicolegal and criminalistic examination of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. Some information about historical aspects of functioning of the institution and its activity at the present stage and in conditions of the reform of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is given. PMID:23808218

  20. Incentives to provide local public goods: fiscal federalism, Russian style

    OpenAIRE

    Ekaterina Zhuravskaya

    2000-01-01

    Based on a unique data set on Russian city budgets, this paper shows that revenue sharing between regional and local governments provides local governments with no incentive to increase tax base or provide public goods. Any change in local government’s own revenues is almost entirely offset by changes in shared revenues. This leads to governmental over-regulation of private businesses. It is shown that fiscal incentives are a determinant of the formation of private business and the efficiency...

  1. Health-systems efficiency in the Russian Federation: tuberculosis control

    OpenAIRE

    Floyd, K.; HUTUBESSY, R.; Samyshkin, Y; Korobitsyn, A; Fedorin, I; Volchenkov, G; Kazeonny, B; Coker, R; Drobniewski, F; Jakubowiak, W; Shilova, M; Atun, RA

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To conduct a comprehensive assessment of the case-mix of patients admitted to tuberculosis hospitals and the reasons for their admission in four Russian regions: Ivanovo, Orel, Samara and Vladimir. We also sought to quantify the extent to which efficiency could be improved by reducing hospitalization rates and re-profiling hospital beds available in the tuberculosis-control system. METHODS: We used a standard questionnaire to determine how beds were being used and who was using the...

  2. Reduction of fuel enrichment for research reactors built-up in accordance with Russian (Soviet) projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In accordance with the Russian program of reduced enrichment for research and test reactors (RERTR) built-up in accordance with Russian (Soviet) projects, AO 'NCCP' performs works on FA fabrication with reduced enrichment fuel. The main trends and results of performed works on research reactors FEs and FAs based on UO2 and U-9%Mo fuel with U235 19.7% enrichment are described. (author)

  3. The legislative basis and safety assessment for NPP licensing during commissioning in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the Russian Federation, three acts form the basis of nuclear power safety legislation: the 1995 act 'Radiological Safety of the Public'; the 1995 act 'About Nuclear Energy Usage'; and the 1994 act 'Protection of the Public and Territories from Extreme Natural or Technological Situations'. The subject of these acts is highlighted in the paper. In addition, any activity related to the use of nuclear energy must conform with 46 safety regulations issued by Gosatomnadzor, the Health Ministry and the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Briefly described are the safety aspects of the procedures of nuclear power plant licensing and commissioning. The safety-related issues are listed included in the Program of Development of Nuclear Power in the Russian Federation, adopted in 1998 by the Government of the Russian Federation. The paper is supplemented by a time schedule for NPP commissioning and decommissioning up to 2010. (A.K.)

  4. Defence Sites: Experiences from France, the Russian Federation and the United States of America. Appendix VII

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Defence based decommissioning problems relate largely to power plants in submarines and the decommissioning of fuel facilities. Since the practice of dumping nuclear reactors in the sea was internationally agreed to be environmentally unsound in 1993, the construction of well structured, effective mechanisms for disposing of military nuclear waste has been necessary. However, this has raised some additional hurdles besides the more common problems faced by civil waste management. Military programmes are impacted by a number of factors concerning interim storage facilities, submarine storage and over classification issues. These can cause sufficient problems to slow or halt a process aimed at minimizing the potential environmental hazards of radioactive wastes as well as the security threats which may also be involved if these facilities are not decommissioned properly. A resultant problem of military programmes is the secret nature of the reactors, owing to competition between different designs and the need to keep information concerning the performance of the vehicles highly confidential. This can create problems where off-the-shelf components are often over classified; that is, with information being classified as restricted or confidential even in the case of equipment whose role does not contribute to the critical abilities of the vessel, such as a backup diesel generator. This can cause problems with decommissioning as the regulatory framework will obstruct otherwise menial tasks, which could have been easily avoided if the correct classification levels had been applied at design. The US programme has been largely able to find disposal routes for its own defence nuclear waste. This waste is stored at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant and the reactor compartments are stored in Hanford. The main advantages over other States (e.g. the Russian Federation and the United Kingdom) are the finances allocated to the programme, as well as the vast land resources available

  5. Geographical-radioecological aspects of nuclear energy exploitation and environment contamination by man-made radionuclides in Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioactive contamination of the environment is one of the most dangerous forms of environmental pollution in Russian Federation. The aim of this work was to localize and analyse places of nuclear energy exploitation for peaceful and military purposes in Russian Federation, in aim to find out whether observed places are potential or real sources of contamination of Russian environment by man-made radionuclides. Nuclear activities in nuclear industry enterprises and research organizations, in Russian Northern fleet, Russian Pacific Fleet, Russian civilian nuclear fleet and in nuclear power plants were analysed and the places where the nuclear explosions were carried out were localized. In contaminated regions the goal was to analyse geographical and some radioecological aspects of contamination of environment. Great part of Russian territory has been subjected to some form of radioactive contamination, mainly because of large radiation accidents in Mayak Production Association (PA) in the Urals (1949-1956, 1957 and 1967) and in Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (1986). The largest region in Russian Federation with environment contaminated by man-made radionuclides is region of Chernobyl NPP accident influence, which is situated in central, densely populated and economically relatively good developed part of Russian Federation where the agriculture has an important role. The most contaminated administrative units in region are Bryansk Region, Kaluga Region, Oryol Region and Tula Region where high soil density of cesium-137 are observed. Present radioecological situation in this region is analysed. By analysing of dynamics of demographic indicators in four most contaminated regions authors found out similar trends with Russian nationwide indicators and with indicators for Central Federal District but much more unfavourable values were observed in four regions, particularly in Tula Region. Health situation of liquidators and of affected population who live in contaminated

  6. MRI Newsletter 6: Global Change Research in Mountain Biosphere Reserves of the Russian Federation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuri Badenkov; Claudia Drexler

    2006-01-01

    @@ Mountain Biosphere Reserves in the Russian Federation Mountains and highlands occupy more than 50 % of the territory of the Russian Federation. In 2005, Russia had 36 Biosphere Reserves (BRs), of which 15 are Mountain Biosphere Reserves (MBRs).The MBRs represent different environmental and economic zones of Northern Eurasia; they lie far apart from one another (Figure 1). Laplandskiy MBR on the Kola Peninsula (No 1) is an example of a reserve located in the arctic belt and affected by the mining industry, while Kavkazskiy MBR (No 2),2500 km further south and located on the border with Georgia, represents eastern Mediterranean ecoregional features.

  7. The Russian Federation legislation. The new laws. Prospects for international cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Survey of the regulatory basis for the international cooperation of the Russian Federation in the area of foreign commercial and research spent fuel management. Analysis of the latest legislative amendments. Complex approach and environmental priorities of the new legislative initiatives (three Federal laws): Amendments to Articles 1, 47 and 64 of the Federal Law on Utilization of atomic energy; Amendments to Articles 50 of the Federal Law on Environmental protection; The new Federal Law On Special ecological programs for the clean- up of areas, contaminated by radiation. (author)

  8. Beyond design basis issues in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The primary reactor cooling system forms the third defence in depth physical barrier on the radioactive material propagation path to the environment. During normal and emergency conditions, the effectiveness of its function as a barrier depends on a wide range of internal processes including automatic and operator actions as well as external events impacting the plant. Within the bounds of NPP life extension, a Level 1 PSA is carried out to quantify the risk of a nuclear accident. The output of a Level 1 PSA is a severe accident frequency value corresponding to the probability that the reactor containment may be breached. A set of all the relevant initiating events and their combinations is built into the NPP design basis, therefore all safety analyses of the consequences of these events on the plant are performed in response to the licensing requirements. In a PSA, several types of analyses are performed, including probabilistic reliability analysis of all normal operating regimes, of design basis accidents and also of beyond design basis accidents caused by each type of initiating event, including (fire, flood and earthquake). Initiating events are events that either directly or indirectly cause damage to the reactor core, for example events that cause reactor core damage due to failure of the reactor safety system functions or to non-compliance with the safety and licensing requirements under design basis accidents, or events that cause severe accidents (beyond design basis), that produce catastrophic damage to the reactor core

  9. ADMINISTRATIVE OFFENCES LEGISLATION AS AN OBJECT OF THE JOINT COMPETENCE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND ITS SUBJECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Яна Валерьевна Васильева

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This article was prepared within the framework of thesis «A comparative aspect of administrative offences legislation of the Russian Federation subjects (based on Northwestern Federal District materials».The article deals with the analysis of the joint competence objects differentiation between the Russian Federation and its subjects. It characterizes the joint competence of the Russian Federation and its subjects as a legal basis that allows the subjects of the Russian Federation to create their own normative legal base (within the Russian unified legal framework.The article provides various scientific views on the question about constitutional legitimacy of administrative delictual credentials of the Russian Federation subjects power authorities. Ultimately the author concludes that the aim of the Russian Federation subjects lawmaking in the field of administrative offences legislation is a legal regulation of public relations (which are not regulated by federal legislation in compliance with the regional specificity of a particular subject of the Russian Federation.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-4-40

  10. Principal results of 'DEWAM' project implementation, Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This overview summarizes the key results of the four-year project 'Decontamination and Waste Management in the Course of Research Reactors Decommissioning' carried out within the framework of the IAEA's CRP 'Decommissioning Techniques for Research Reactors'. The project included two principal components: (1) info-analytical studies and development of a database system, and (2) research and development in the areas of decontamination and waste management technologies applicable to decommissioning. Details of the work are expounded in 29 publications and annual Progress Reports; the results of the study are used in corresponding university courses; and innovative technologies for radwaste processing and environmental restoration are planned to be introduced into practice. (author)

  11. 76 FR 68404 - Uranium From the Russian Federation; Final Results of Expedited Sunset Review of the Suspension...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-04

    ... Antidumping Investigation on Uranium from the Russian Federation, 59 FR 15373 (April 1, 1994). The amendment... Investigation on Uranium from the Russian Federation, 61 FR 56665, 56667 (November 4, 1996). The next amendment... Final Results of Full Sunset Review: Uranium from Russia, 65 FR 41439 (July 5, 2000). On August 22,...

  12. 76 FR 17380 - Solid Urea From the Russian Federation: Extension of Time Limit for Preliminary Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ... Administrative Review, 75 FR 53274 (August 31, 2010). The preliminary results of this administrative review are... International Trade Administration Solid Urea From the Russian Federation: Extension of Time Limit for... solid urea from the Russian Federation for the period July 1, 2009, through June 30, 2010....

  13. 77 FR 17410 - Solid Urea From the Russian Federation: Extension of Time Limit for Preliminary Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ... Reviews and Requests for Revocation in Part, 76 FR 53404 (August 26, 2011). Extension of Time Limit for... International Trade Administration Solid Urea From the Russian Federation: Extension of Time Limit for... administrative review of the antidumping duty order on solid urea from the Russian Federation for the period...

  14. 75 FR 38983 - Magnesium Metal From the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation: Final Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-07

    ... (``Sunset'') Review, 75 FR 9160 (March 1, 2010); see also Notice of Antidumping Duty Order: Magnesium Metal...: Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation, 70 FR 19930 (April 15, 2005) (collectively, the ``Orders''). On... Russian Federation, 60 FR 25691 (May 12, 1995), and Antidumping Duty Order: Pure Magnesium in...

  15. Use of Russian technology of ship reactors with lead-bismuth coolant in nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The experience of using lead-bismuth coolant in Russian nuclear submarine reactors has been presented. The fundamental statements of the concept of using the reactors cooled by lead-bismuth alloy in nuclear power have been substantiated. The results of developments for using lead bismuth coolant in nuclear power have been presented. (author)

  16. Characterization of Newcastle disease virus isolates recovered from pigeons in the territory of the Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newcastle disease (ND) is a continual problem for the poultry industry with synanthropic birds representing one of the possible reservoirs of infection. Outbreaks of ND are regularly confirmed among pigeons in different regions of the Russian Federation. The spread of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) a...

  17. Comparative Analysis of Smart Meters Deployment Business Models on the Example of the Russian Federation Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daminov, Ildar; Tarasova, Ekaterina; Andreeva, Tatyana; Avazov, Artur

    2016-02-01

    This paper presents the comparison of smart meter deployment business models to determine the most suitable option providing smart meters deployment. Authors consider 3 main business model of companies: distribution grid company, energy supplier (energosbyt) and metering company. The goal of the article is to compare the business models of power companies from massive smart metering roll out in power system of Russian Federation.

  18. Comparative Analysis of Smart Meters Deployment Business Models on the Example of the Russian Federation Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Daminov Ildar; Tarasova Ekaterina; Andreeva Tatyana; Avazov Artur

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the comparison of smart meter deployment business models to determine the most suitable option providing smart meters deployment. Authors consider 3 main business model of companies: distribution grid company, energy supplier (energosbyt) and metering company. The goal of the article is to compare the business models of power companies from massive smart metering roll out in power system of Russian Federation.

  19. To the Question of the Russian Federation Law "About the International Commercial Arbitration" Сhanges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena V. Sitkareva

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The UN Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL has prepared a Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (1985, which became the main legislation on arbitration for nearly 70 countries, including Russian Federation, and, thereby, set world legislation standards for arbitration. A number of other international instruments were adopted. In the present article authors consider questions of international law and national regulatory activities of international commercial arbitration tribunals in general, as well as present detail of the provisions of law introduced to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation on amendments to the Law of the Russian Federation "On International Commercial Arbitration", which is aimed to align provisions of Russian legislation on international commercial arbitration with internationally recognized legislative approaches on key aspects of international commercial arbitration management practice. Author illustrates process of bill consideration and provide detailed characterization of the proposed changes. In addition to considering proposed innovations, authors critically analyze possible implications of the bill as amended and present opinions of specialists, experts, jurists, as well as represent their own justification.

  20. The Development of Distance Education in the Russian Federation and the Former Soviet Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; Kourotchkina, Anna

    2012-01-01

    Distance education in the present Russian Federation and former Soviet Union has a long tradition that prevails to this day. The majority of students in Russia are enrolled in distance learning programs. The numbers indicate the existence of a well-established system for distance education, of which little is known in Western literature. A review…

  1. Prevalence of bleaching of the teeth in territory of the russian federation

    OpenAIRE

    Popova L. A.; Akulovich A.V.

    2011-01-01

    In given article classification of methods депигментации teeth and results of the analysis of price-lists of commercial stomatologic clinics of the largest cities of the Russian Federation is resulted

  2. Radioactivity in man and environment on the territory of the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A survey is presented of the situation concerning radioactivity on the territory of the Russian Federation, based on the author's earlier publications, new reports from the scientific literature, and Internet reports. The case of the 'closed' cities is analysed in particular. (orig.)

  3. Russian Federation regions classification according to criterion of self-developing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina Aleksandrovna Zakharchuk

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of selecting the regions of the Russian Federation according to two criteria of self-development - gross domestic product and financial balance of the territory. 30 regions of Russia showed the dynamics of the GRP growth comparable to or higher than in Russia as a whole, the central part and north-west parts of Russia keep the leadership on the number of self-developing regions on the criterion of the GRP. The outsiders of regional economic development are Volga, Ural, Siberian and Far East Federal Districts. Of 83 subjects of Russian Federation in total, in 38 an excessive level of taxes and other obligatory payments to budgets of all levels of government expenditure of the territories was observed. Based on the author's calculations, a classification of Russian regions on the type of economic development of the areas has been made into four types: self-developing regions, developing territories, financially stable territories and under-developed regions. A classification of self-developing regions on the type of economic development is made; resource-isolated, agricultural, managing and organically developing territories within the Russian Federation are defined.

  4. 75 FR 51440 - Solid Urea from the Russian Federation: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-20

    ... From the Russian Federation: Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, 75 FR 19610... and Countervailing Duty Proceedings: Assessment of Antidumping Duties, 68 FR 23954 (May 6, 2003...; Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, 52 FR 19557 (May 26, 1987). Following the...

  5. 77 FR 42273 - Solid Urea From the Russian Federation: Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ... Revocation in Part, 76 FR 53404 (August 26, 2011). \\3\\ See Solid Urea From the Russian Federation: Extension of Time Limit for Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, 77 FR 17410 (March...: Final Modification, 77 FR 8101 (February 14, 2012) (``Final Modification for Reviews''). When...

  6. Problems in the engineering reequipping of X-ray diagnostic service in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Present status of the equipment of radiodiagnostic service of Russian Federation is considered. It is shown that more than 70% of the equipment need in modernization or change. Domestic equipment for radiodiagnostic techniques is described. Cost of modernization of radiodiagnostic room is evaluated

  7. State report on the population health in the Russian Federation in 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Medico-demographic indices of the health of Russian Federation for 1987-1995 are presented. Dynamics of life conditions affecting the medico-demographic indices is considered. Disease incidence of the population is analysed. Special attention is paid to the problem of minimization of the Chernobyl accident medical consequences as well as malignant and mental diseases

  8. Ministry of health care and the medical industry of the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Organizational structure of Ministry of Health Care and the Medical Industry of the Russian Federation (FDMEP), functions of an industrial public health laboratory, responsibilities of FDMEP for radwaste management and its activities in this area, as well as current programmes of FDMEP related to radwaste management are described. 6 tabs

  9. TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MARKET OF INSURANCE OF MORTGAGING PROPERTY IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Chernykh

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The requirement for insurance protection of property interests of borrowers increases with the development of the creditmarket. The observed recovery in the credit market was reflected in the market of mortgage insurance. The article considers the keytrends, directions and actual problems of the development of the market of insurance of mortgaging property in the postcrisis economyof the Russian Federation.

  10. Molecular-genetic analysis of field isolates of Avian Leucosis Viruses in the Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Commercial poultry farms in 14 regions of Russian Federation were monitored for avian leukosis virus (ALV) infection using virus isolation tests and serology. Results indicated the presence of two subgroups of ALV in farms located in 11 of 14 regions. Analysis of the genomes of 12 field isolates of...

  11. [The radiation environment in the Russian Federation according to the results of radiohygienic certification].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onishchenko, G G

    2009-01-01

    Ensuring nuclear and radiation safety in the use of atomic energy is one of the most important constituents of the Russian Federation's security, which is laid down in the "Foundations of Public Policy in the nuclear and radiation safety of the Russian Federation till 2010 and Further Prospects". The radiation safety in an area is determined by not only the number of radiation objects in it, the grade of their potential radiation hazard, their maintenance, the nature of use, but also by the measures ensuring radiation safety and preventing possible radiation accidents, and the readiness for liquidation of their consequences, and the effective supervision of whether the requirements are carried out. To assure constant and effective control over radiation safety, a uniform system for the information provision of radiation safety has been developed and introduced in the Russian Federation since 1998, which includes radiohygienic certification and the uniform state system for monitoring and considering the radiation doses exposed by the residents of Russia. The 2007 radiohygienic certification covered more than 16000 organizations dealing with the sources of ionizing irradiations. A total of 202.7 million medical diagnostic radiological procedures were performed in Russia in 2007. It should be noted that the dose of medical irradiation is reduced. In general, the radiation environment in the Russian Federation is satisfactory, but in a number of its regions there are reasonably serious problems associated with the population's radiation safety. PMID:19645102

  12. 76 FR 61342 - Magnesium Metal from the Russian Federation: Amended Final Results of Antidumping Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, 76 FR 56396 (September 13, 2011) (Final Results). We... Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Proceedings: Assessment of Antidumping Duties, 68 FR 23954 (May 6, 2003... International Trade Administration Magnesium Metal from the Russian Federation: Amended Final Results...

  13. 76 FR 13128 - Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation: Revocation of Antidumping Duty Order Pursuant to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-10

    ... Order: Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation, 70 FR 19930 (April 15, 2005). Pursuant to section... (``Sunset'') Review, 75 FR 9160 (March 1, 2010); Magnesium From China and Russia, 75 FR 9252 (March 1, 2010... FR 11813 (March 3, 2011), and USITC Publication 4214 (February 2011), entitled Magnesium from...

  14. 75 FR 56989 - Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... Magnesium in Granular Form From the People's Republic of China, 66 FR 49345 (September 27, 2001), Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Pure Magnesium From Israel, 66 FR 49349 (September... From the Russian Federation, 66 FR 49347 (September 27, 2001). These mixtures are not magnesium...

  15. 76 FR 56396 - Magnesium Metal from the Russian Federation: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-13

    ... FR 13128 (March 10, 2011). The subject merchandise includes the following pure and alloy magnesium... Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Pure Magnesium From Israel, 66 FR 49349 (September 27, 2001... Russian Federation, 66 FR 49347 (September 27, 2001). These mixtures are not magnesium alloys because...

  16. 77 FR 73979 - Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation: Notice of Reinstated Final Results of Administrative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... Russian Federation: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, 73 FR 52642 (September 10... period April 1, 2006, through March 31, 2007. See Final Results, 73 FR at 52643. The CIT remanded the... Administrative Review Pursuant to Court Decision, 76 FR 13355 (March 11, 2011). On July 27, 2012, the...

  17. Analysis of nuclear engineering danger factors in NPP fuel cycle (in connection with developing the Russian Federal purposeful program of nuclear and radiation safety)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main steps of nuclear fuel cycle being within the field of monitoring and realization of the Russian Federal purposeful program of nuclear and radiation safety are discussed. These include the following items: uranium and thorium mines, hydrometallurgical plants for mineral uranium and thorium raw materials reprocessing, refining of nuclear materials, uranium hexafluoride, isotope separation plants, reactor fuel manufacturing facilities, transportation of the fuel and intermediate products, spent fuel storage facilities, spent fuel regeneration facilities, radioactive waste storage facilities

  18. TRENDS IN POULTRY PRODUCTION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayduk V. I.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the factors, which influence the formation of the market of poultry production. Agricultrual producers have developed diversified business channels, which depend on the nature of the economic interests of the owners of farms, local market conjuncture, the level of development of its own product processing and logistics structures. The growing share of imports has created a tangible threat to food security and the increasing dependence of megalopolises and big cities on import, in addition long-term relationaships have been destroyed within the existing socialist system, increased prices disparity. Only at the beginning of the 21st century Russian poultry industry started to get rid of the consequences of liberal market reforms. In many ways, the development of industry were contributed by the realization of the priority national project «Development of agriculture» and by the State program of development of agriculture and regulation of markets for agricultural products, raw materials and food for 2008-2012. However, the modernization of poultry subcomplex was mainly catching and accompanied by increasing dependence on imports cross, equipment, premixes and feed. Poultry organizations have high debt on loans, subsidies for reimbursement of the cost of interest com unevenly, putting poultry farms in a disastrous situation. In 2014, Russia has 21 region – poultry donor (where the volume of domestic production exceeds consumption and 61 recipient regions (where the volume of domestic production is less than consumption

  19. Current activities on nuclear desalination in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The goal of the RF desalination programme has been to develop small power floating nuclear seawater desalination complex based on KLT-40 reactor, originally developed for ship propulsion, as an energy source. Russia has sufficient fresh water resource rather evenly distributed over country territory (except for several specific conditions where sea or brackish water desalination is required for reliable long term potable water supply) and only limited internal deployment of this system is expected. Therefore, the development programme is mostly oriented to external market. Development of the floating nuclear desalination complex goes in parallel and is backed by the project of floating nuclear electricity and heat cogeneration plant using two KLT-40 reactors. This plant producing up to 70 MW(e) of electricity and up to 50 Gcal/of heat for district heating is now at the basic design stage and planned to be implemented around the year 2000 in Russia, at the Arctic Sea area

  20. Development of the work on fuel cells in the Ministry for Atomic Energy of Russian Federation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lubovin, B.Y.; Novitski, E.Z.

    1996-04-01

    This paper describes research on fuel cells in the Russian Federation. The beginning of the practical work on fuel cells in Russia dates back to the 50`s and 60`s when the Ural Electrochemical Plant and the Ural Electromechanical Plant of the Ministry of Medium Machine-Building of the USSR, all Russian Research Institute of the power sources and many other institutes of the Ministry of Electrotechnical Industry of the USSR got to the development of the alkaline fuel cells for the spaceships according to the tasks of the SPC `Energy` and for the submarines on the tasks of the Ministry of Defense.

  1. THE QUESTION OF INHERITANCE RIGHTS OF SURROGATE CHILDREN IN THE LEGISLATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leskova J. G.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Norms of the active Russian legislation enshrining the inheritance rights and defining the status of surrogate children, surrogate mother and the genetic parents connecting to the question of the obtaining and realization of the inheritance rights of these children are subjected to a detail analyze in the article. The authors described uncertainties and double-meanings of some occasions of appearing of surrogate children’s inheritance rights, what arise in practice, for example, when surrogate mother in childbirth could not give her agreement for registration people, who had given their genetic material, as parents of surrogate child. The authors found out imperfection of active legislation of Russian Federation in the context of question of surrogate children’s inheritance rights in case of genetic parents’ death before childbirth. Other important question, that the authors tried to resolve in the article, is connected with child’s inheritance rights, who was conceived after death of his genetic parents. Also the attention is focused on the absence legal mechanisms of action on genetic parents, who refuse surrogate children, in the Family Code of Russian Federation and in Civil Code of Russian Federation. Authors reached a conclusion that surrogate children’s inheritance rights should be legal regulated in detail. Some suggestions on these issues are offered in the article

  2. Ecological review of some problems in the sphere of forest use within the Russian Federation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sokolov, P.A. [State Environment Protection Committee of the Russian Federation (Russian Federation)

    1997-12-31

    The forests of the Russian Federation play some very important roles even in global level: they are an important element of our environment and they are a valuable renewable resource. Forest ecosystems are very effective in preventing erosion, in protecting water ecosystems, and in maintaining their balance. They are also a very important element of biodiversity protection and they are a significant buffer of coal. The state of the forests has a great impact on the ecological environment within the Russian Federation as a whole, as well as in certain regions, especially in forest regions. Taking into consideration the multifunctional character of forests, the interests of different groups, different levels of authority, Ministries and Committees, forest policy and practice do not always coincide, and conflicting situations appear. Forest policy should take into account these interests, find the ways for solving problems, and the management system should take all necessary steps to successfully apply the forest policy. The state of the forests within the Russian Federation is proof of the Federation`s forest policy and management practice having come to a crisis with their negative ecological impacts. (orig.)

  3. Regulation of nuclear security in Russian Federation: Implementation and prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: State supervision of nuclear security implies activities of the Federal Environmental, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision of Russia (Rostechnadzor) and its regional administrations aimed at control of nuclear security. The main tasks of the state supervision are the following: control of fulfilment of the requirements of federal and other regulatory documents by the federal bodies of executive power, operating organizations and nuclear sites personnel; control of fulfilment of the licences validity conditions; submission to the above mentioned bodies and organizations information of the state of nuclear security. The supervision is fulfilled during all the stages of the life cycle of nuclear facilities, nuclear materials and radioactive sources including transportation. Rostechnadzor develops federal regulations on nuclear security and its departmental (internal) regulatory documents on supervision. The supervision includes: acquisition and analysis of information about the state of nuclear security; inspections and analysis of their results; sanctions according to the federal legislation in case of violation of the requirements. The inspections have various kinds which depend on the number of the types of activities under control during each inspection and the goals of the inspection. The inspection intervals are different depending on the type of protected subject : nuclear material or radioactive source. The inspection practice includes organizational procedures, conducting inspections and activities according to the inspection results: development of the inspection final documents and special documents in case of revealed violations.During inspections of the guard or response forces Rostechnadzor closely interacts with the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Interior or departmental guard forces (taking into account the type of guarding). The regional administrations of Rostechnadzor periodically present reports concerning the state of nuclear

  4. Bioethical differences between drug addiction treatment professionals inside and outside the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mendelevich Vladimir D

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This article provides an overview of a sociological study of the views of 338 drug addiction treatment professionals. A comparison is drawn between the bioethical approaches of Russian and foreign experts from 18 countries. It is concluded that the bioethical priorities of Russian and foreign experts differ significantly. Differences involve attitudes toward confidentiality, informed consent, compulsory treatment, opioid agonist therapy, mandatory testing of students for psychoactive substances, the prevention of mental patients from having children, harm reduction programs (needle and syringe exchange, euthanasia, and abortion. It is proposed that the cardinal dissimilarity between models for providing drug treatment in the Russian Federation versus the majority of the countries of the world stems from differing bioethical attitudes among drug addiction treatment experts.

  5. Legal issues of the environmental safety regulation in the sphere of nanotechnology in Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nowadays one of the principal innovative spheres in Russia is considered to be a rapid development of nanotechnology and nanomaterials and implementation its products into almost all fields of social and industrial life. Nevertheless, despite the pointed advantages an appearance of nano products has set not only a positive example of the scientific progress development and dynamics, but also a potential threat of possible risks for the environment and people's health in the case of its massive use when there is a lack of research about its impacts. In Russian Federation the problem of nanosafety regulation is extremely actual. A number of international documents have noted a lack of legal regulation in the sphere of nanotechnologies in Russian Federation. Thus, according to the strategic EU program, it's mentioned that in 2009 on an annual meeting of OECD Tour de Table Meeting in Paris (November, 2007) Russia took responsibility to develop a long term program of nanoindustry development by 2015 (Nanotechnology Action Plan for Russia-2015). The key role should be dedicated to the nanosafety aspects and potential risk assessment of nanomaterials for environment and humans' health. Unfortunately, until now Russia did not provide this document for discussion at the international level by the partners of nanoconsortcium. Indeed, from 2007 until nowadays in Russian Federation there are no a single federal act of legislation (federal'nyi zakon), establishing the state foundations of regulation of nanosafety. The only one Federeal Legal Act in the described sphere is the Federalniy Zakon from 19 July 2007 About the Russian corporation of nanotechnologies, which has established the principles of organization, activites, functions and termination of Rosnanotech. However, there are no articles dedicated to the environmental safety provision in regards of nano products applications. Also there is no complex federal act consolidating legal status of action in the field of

  6. The problems of treatment of irradiated fuel at Russian research reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the problems of safety during the storage and transportation of the spent fuel from Russian research reactors. Many research reactors continue to operate at Russia at present time. They use many different types of fuel elements and assemblies. The questions of safety during storage and transportation of spent fuel research reactors is considered in Russian documents on the safety of research reactors. The main features of these documents are described in this report. This report discusses three stages of the storage and transportation of the spent fuel: The temporary storage in the pool or in the vessel; the storage in the repository on the territory of the institutes; the transportation of the fuel to the reprocessing plant. The future plans provides the solution of the problem of transportation and reprocessing of all types of fuel assemblies which are used in Russian research reactors and experimental facilities. Also the Russian Reduced Enrichment Research Reactors Program that was started late in 70th continuing now. The main results of this work would be increase the density of the fuel meat in the composition on the basis of uranium dioxide and the change of the fuel composition to uranium silicide in aluminum matrix or another. (author). 5 refs, 4 figs, 1 tab

  7. Governmental structure of the Russian Federation with respect to environmental and energy programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colangelo, R.V.; Reistroffer, E.L. (Environmental Planning Group, Inc., Elk Grove Village, IL (United States)); Edgar, D.E. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Systems Div.)

    1992-09-01

    An investigation was conducted by the Environmental Planning Group, Inc., to provide an overview of the structure of government environmental and energy programs in the Russian Federation. The investigation was undertaken to provide a baseline of information to the US Department of Energy (DOE), so that technologies applicable to DOE environmental restoration and monitoring programs can be identified, tested, and transferred. Data for the report were collected through a network of Russian and American sources knowledgeable about environmental and energy programs in the Russian Federation. Sources of information included both US and Russian government personnel, nongovernmental organizations, private consultants, and experts from the academic and scientific communities. The peculiarities of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) remain prevalent in the structure of the Newly Independent States, especially in Russia. The legacy of communism is visible in all aspects of society, most particularly in the extreme environmental degradation that has resulted from careless central planning and policies of forced industrialization. Reforms initiated under Mikhail Gorbachev during the period of Perestroika were aimed at shifting power from the party to the respective government organs. In 1992 the Commonwealth of Independent States was created, joining 11 of the 15 republics into a loose federation. The investigation undertaken by the Environmental Planning Group, Inc., focused on the executive organs of the present Russian government in an effort to define key ministries with environmental and energy responsibilities. The structure of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources (Minpriroda) and the Ministry of Atomic Power (Minatom) are presented. The Academy of Sciences and other ministries that have relevance to the transfer of technologies are discussed, as well as research institutions in which technologies appropriate to DOE programs are likely to reside.

  8. To The Question Of The Legal Reform In Russian Federation Periodization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra A. Dorskaya

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Present article is devoted to the problems in the beginning identification of the definition of the legal reform in the Russian Federation, and also to the allocation of the main stages of its conduct. Various reasons for objective difficulties of the legal reforms periodization creation, possibility of various assessments from the historical prospect point of view, various understandings of the term "legal reform" are analyzed. It is shown that normative document initiated by the authorities anyway acts as a reference point. In this regard documents of RSFSR and the Russian Federation of the 1990, 1993, 1995 years are analyzed. In the article various approaches to the periodization of the Russian legal reform are revealed. A special role of legal education in the reforming of legal sphere is shown. The question of transformations recurrence, particularly in the judicial sphere is considered. The author's periodization of legal reform in the Russian Federation is offered, the criteria for it was the development of the priority direction in the specific intervals of time in the last 25 years. Author notes that legal reform in Russia during the present period isn't yet finished, approximately since the year 2009 a new stage of reform, connected with changes in the private-law sphere, accession to the international integration organizations, reforms in law-enforcement and judicial spheres began. In the conclusion author states that in spite of the fact that legal reform in Russia began without due preparation, in general, it is possible to note that for the last two decades there was a considerable break in the sense of Russian citizen's justice and it legislative and law-enforcement areas.

  9. Ecological review of some problems in the sphere of forest use within the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The forests of the Russian Federation play some very important roles even in global level: they are an important element of our environment and they are a valuable renewable resource. Forest ecosystems are very effective in preventing erosion, in protecting water ecosystems, and in maintaining their balance. They are also a very important element of biodiversity protection and they are a significant buffer of coal. The state of the forests has a great impact on the ecological environment within the Russian Federation as a whole, as well as in certain regions, especially in forest regions. Taking into consideration the multifunctional character of forests, the interests of different groups, different levels of authority, Ministries and Committees, forest policy and practice do not always coincide, and conflicting situations appear. Forest policy should take into account these interests, find the ways for solving problems, and the management system should take all necessary steps to successfully apply the forest policy. The state of the forests within the Russian Federation is proof of the Federation's forest policy and management practice having come to a crisis with their negative ecological impacts. (orig.)

  10. EVOLUTION OF LEGISLATION ON ADOPTION OF CHILDREN IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oksana Petyukova

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the development of legislation on adoption of children in the Russian Federation.  Results were obtained from the analysis, in the historical and modern aspects, of the legislation on adoption of children that allows us identify the problems associated with the regulations on the children-orphans adoption in the family.The results of the court statistics demonstrated that almost every second child adopted by Russian citizens is returned to authorized guardianship bodies.  However, adoption of children by foreign citizens or non-resident persons shall be allowed only in the cases of absolute impossibility in granting adoption to permanent residents of the Russian Federation or to the children's relatives.The article formulates the improvement tendencies in the adoption legislation of the children: creating a system for an open adoption, simplifying adoption establishment procedures, improving mechanisms in legal, organizational, and psychological support of Russian citizens intending to adopt children.The results will be useful for those who are interested in the process of adoption, lawyers, representatives of the guardianship, and family members.

  11. MPC&A for plutonium disposition in the Russian federation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sutcliffe, W.G.

    1995-08-08

    The issue of what to do with excess fissile materials from dismantled nuclear weapons has been discussed for a number of years. The options or alternatives commanding the most attention were identified by the American National Academy of Sciences. For plutonium these options are: (1) the fabrication and use of mixed-oxide (MOX) reactor fuel followed by the disposal of the spent fuel, or (2) vitrification (immobilization) of plutonium combined with highly radioactive material followed by direct disposal. The Academy report also identified the alternative of disposal in a deep borehole as requiring further study before being eliminated or accepted. The report emphasized security of nuclear materials as a principal factor in considering management and disposition decisions. Security of materials is particularly important in the near term-now-long before ultimate disposition can be accomplished. The MOX option was the subject of a NATO workshop held at Obninsk, Russia in October 1994. Hence this paper does not deal with the MOX alternative in detail. It deals with the following: materials protection, control, and accounting (MPC&A) for immobilization and disposal; the immobilization vs MOX alternatives; the security of disposed plutonium; the need to demonstrate MTC&A for plutonium disposition; and, finally, a recommended investment to quickly and inexpensively improve the protection of fissile materials in Russia. It is the author`s view that near-term management is of overriding importance. That is, with respect to the ultimate disposition of excess nuclear materials, how we get there is more important than where we are going.

  12. What does a study of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug sales statistics give the Russian Federation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktoriya Georgievna Barskova

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the data obtained by Pharmexpert on the sales of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the Russian Federation. Ibuprofen, ketorolac, diclofenac, and nimesulide are sales leaders. Possible reasons for the popularity of a number of medications and whether it is expedient to use intramuscular formulations are considered. The WHO data on indi-cations for and contraindications to the use of injectable dosage form are given.

  13. What does a study of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug sales statistics give the Russian Federation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktoriya Georgievna Barskova

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the data obtained by Pharmexpert on the sales of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the Russian Federation. Ibuprofen, ketorolac, diclofenac, and nimesulide are sales leaders. Possible reasons for the popularity of a number of medications and whether it is expedient to use intramuscular formulations are considered. The WHO data on indi-cations for and contraindications to the use of injectable dosage form are given.

  14. Comparative Analysis of Smart Meters Deployment Business Models on the Example of the Russian Federation Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daminov Ildar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the comparison of smart meter deployment business models to determine the most suitable option providing smart meters deployment. Authors consider 3 main business model of companies: distribution grid company, energy supplier (energosbyt and metering company. The goal of the article is to compare the business models of power companies from massive smart metering roll out in power system of Russian Federation.

  15. NEW STATES OF THE PLEDGES IN THE CIVIL CODE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neteshinskaya L. F.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the new states of the pledges in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, namely the right of the encumbrancer to keep the pledged property, changes of the encumbrancer's rights, the enlargement of the members who are able to pledge, appearance of a new person in the legal relations concerning pledges, also called as conscientious encumbrance, as well as new rules, concerning conditions and forms of the pledge agreement conclusion

  16. The impact of poor adult health on labor supply in the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    Goryakin, Yevgeniy; Suhrcke, Marc

    2016-01-01

    We examine the labor supply consequences of poor health in the Russian Federation, a country with exceptionally adverse adult health outcomes. In both baseline OLS models and in models with individual fixed effects, more serious ill-health events, somewhat surprisingly, generally have only weak effects on hours worked. At the same time, their effect on the extensive margin of labor supply is substantial. Moreover, when combining the effects on both the intensive and extensive margins, the eff...

  17. To the Question of the Russian Federation Law "About the International Commercial Arbitration" Сhanges

    OpenAIRE

    Elena V. Sitkareva; Stanislav V. Trofimchuk

    2014-01-01

    The UN Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) has prepared a Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (1985), which became the main legislation on arbitration for nearly 70 countries, including Russian Federation, and, thereby, set world legislation standards for arbitration. A number of other international instruments were adopted. In the present article authors consider questions of international law and national regulatory activities of international commercial arbitrati...

  18. Basic principles of taxation of small-scale enterprises in the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    Khodyreva Viktoriia Andreevna

    2015-01-01

    This research is devoted to general principles of taxation of small-scale enterprises. Development of small-scale enterprises is one of the most important lines of tax policy in Russian Federation. The development of principles of taxation is important while forming a strong state system of taxation. In this work basic principles and some specific are provided. This work is of great scientific interest to law students, graduates, teachers and other persons interested in law and particularly i...

  19. DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF INSURANCE PROTECTION AND ITS FINANCIAL MECHANISMS IN HEALTH SYSTEM OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    OpenAIRE

    Bystrova Kseniya Evgenevna

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the article is theoretical research of essence and content of insurance protection in health care system, definition of principles, organizational forms and methods of regulation on compulsory health insurance and voluntary medical insurance. As a result of the comparative and critical analysis the paper studies the matters modern approaches to the concept "health care system". The place and a role of insurance protection in the health care system of the Russian Federation are dete...

  20. Unification of financial regulatory structures: the case of the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    McKenzie, George; Wolfe, Simon

    2001-01-01

    In this paper we develop the case for the creation of a single financial supervisory and regulatoryauthority for the Russian Federation. This case is based on three criteria: (a) it enables economies of scope to be exploited (b) it ensures regulatory parity (c) it satisfies prudential logic The risk management function in banks, investment firms and insurance companies has become extremely complex utilising sophisticated statistical methodologies to analyse market data and credit...

  1. USING A QUASI HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX TO ASSESS HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    OpenAIRE

    ROSTOM G.R.

    2015-01-01

    An adjusted Quasi Human Development Index is proposed to perfect the assessing of human development. The adjustments concern two dimension: long and healthy life dimension, which is measured by days of healthy life lived index; and decent standard of living dimension, which is measured. by the share of population with incomes above the subsistence minimum index. On the example of the Russian Federation it is shown that the resulting spatial distribution of the Quasi HDI more precisely reflect...

  2. Some Reflections on Arbitration in the Yukos v. The Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    Kałduński, Marcin

    2015-01-01

    In an extraordinary arbitration proceedings recently concluded, the Tribunal found that the respondent State breached its obligations under the Energy Charter Treaty and ordered Russia to pay damages in excess of USD 50 billion to the former Yukos shareholders. This article considers the application of the principle of clean hands in the Yukos v. The Russian Federation case. The arbitral Tribunal held that the said principle does not form a part of positive international law and therefore it ...

  3. Nuclear professionals and the law of the Russian Federation ''On Nuclear Energy Use''

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with Russia's laws regarding nuclear energy. The modernization of its nuclear programme will entail considerable expense and coordination of large groups of people, which can be performed only under the framework of state regulations. This document explains the evolution of the Russian laws about nuclear energy, from its beginning in the first post-Chernobyl years until -among others- a federal law on Nuclear Energy Use. (TEC)

  4. Current status and plans for future development of Russian research reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research reactors is inalienable part of nuclear science and technology in Russia that provides the safe and effective use of nuclear units. The 1st Russian research reactor (F1) reached criticality in December 1946. Since then for longer than 50 years history a big number of research reactors of different types were created in Russia, including pulsed research reactors and critical assemblies for the support of the design of NPP, transport nuclear unities (air-space, cosmic and submarines). The main tasks of research reactors are to solve the problem of fuel, structural materials and coolants behavior under irradiation, the researches in fundamental and applied physics, utilisation of neutron beams for medical applications, radio nuclides production for technical and medical applications. The main Russian research reactors are located in the sites of NIIAR (SCIAR) in Dimitrovgrad, FEI in Obninsk, SF of NIKIET (Zarechniy), in Moscow and near St-Petersburg. By the beginning of 21 century the main Russian research reactors reached the age 40-50 years, so that the problem of their shutting down and de-commissioning or extension of their life or modernization becomes urgent. Currently this work is in progress for many facilities. (author)

  5. ORGAN DONATION AND TRANSPLANTATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN 2014 7th REPORT OF NATIONAL REGISTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. V. Gautier

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To carry out monitoring of the organization and development of organ donation and transplantation in the Russian Federation according to 2014. Materials and methods. Questioning of heads of all the centers of transplantation is carried out. The comparative analysis of the obtained data in dynamics of years, between certain regions of the Russian Federation, the transplantation centers, and also with data of the international registers is made. Results. According to the Register in 2014 in the Russian Federation functioned 36 centers of kidney transplantation, 14 centers of liver transplantation and 9 centers of heart transplantation. The waiting list of kidney transplantation in 2014 included 4636 potential recipients that makes 16% of total number of the patients 29 000 receiving dialysis. The rate of donor activity in 2014 made 3.2 per million population (pmp. Efficiency of donor programs in 2014 continued to increase: the share of effective donors after brain death in 2014 increased to 77.2%, the share of multiorgan explantation made 50.5%, average number of organs received from one effective donor made 2.6. In 2014 the rate of kidney transplantation made 7.0 pmp, the rate of liver transplantation made 2.1 pmp and the rate of heart transplantation made 1.1 pmp. In the Russian Federation the number of transplantations of liver and heart continues to increase. The significant contribution to development of the organ donation and transplantation brings the Moscow region in which 11 centers of transplantation function and nearly a half from all kidney transplantations and more than 65% of all liver and heart transplantations are carried out. Conclusion. In theRussian Federation the potential for further development of the transplantology remains. In particular, at the expense of increase in the efficiency of regional donation programs, introduction of technologies, expansion of the practices of multiorgan donation and transplantations of

  6. Communication received from the Resident Representative of the Russian Federation to the Agency transmitting the text of the Statement of the President of the Russian Federation on the Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Agency has received a communication dated 30 January 2006 from the Resident Representative of the Russian Federation, attaching a statement by the President of the Russian Federation on the peaceful use of nuclear energy delivered at the meeting of the Interstate Council of the Eurasian Economic Community on 25 January 2006. The communication from the Resident Representative and, as requested therein, its attachment, are herewith circulated for the information of Member States

  7. HEU core conversion of Russian production reactors: a major threat to the international RERTR regime

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper calls the attention for the major threat to the International Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors (RERTR) program, represented by the HEU core conversion of russian production reactors. This program aims to reduce and eventually eliminate international civilian commerce in nuclear weapons-usable, highly enriched uranium , and thereby significantly lower risks of the material being stolen or diverted by terrorist or states for producing nuclear weapons

  8. Three Russian designs of small reactors: Unitherm, KLT-40S, and SVBR-10

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main features of three Russian designs of Small Modular Reactors (SMR) are briefly presented in this extended abstract based on a comprehensive literature review. The rationale behind developing these SMRs is to relieve dependency of remote locations on seasonal shipments of fossil fuels and to provide them with a constant power and/or hot water supply. (author)

  9. Development of the RAW and SNF handling system in the Federal Atomic Energy Agency and in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The experience the Russian Federation has gained over the period longer than half a century in handling radioactive wastes (RAW), including their burial in geological formations, is quite unique. These guidelines state the necessity of establishing an integrated state RAW and spent nuclear fuel (SNF) handling system, ensuring safe, effective, efficient, and socially-acceptable development of using nuclear power to solve issues of national security in all its aspects and utilising secondary recovered and re-used raw materials. This system is increasing safety of handling radioactive materials at all stages of their life cycle. (author)

  10. Customs regulation in the EurAsEC customs union and financial law development in the Russian federation

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander Kozyrin

    2013-01-01

    Customs payments play special role in the economy of the Russian Federation. They composed just over 50 percent of the total budgetary income on the eve of the Russian Federation’s entry into the EurAsEC Customs Union. The article considers the changes which occurred in the legal base of customs regulation since the EurAsEC Customs Union was created and the Russian Federation became a member. The customs legislation structure of the Customs Union is analyzed in the article. Special attention ...

  11. To the Question of the Minority Shareholders Rights Protection in the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazar Ch. Saparov

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In the present article author examines organizational and legal issues of legitimate rights and interests of the minority shareholders of the joint stock companies in Russian Federation protecting. In modern Russian joint stock companies it is important to allocate a special category of shareholders, whose rights and interests are very limited and often violated. This category of persons is minority shareholders. In many countries, including Russian Federation, legislation aimed at protecting rights and interests of this category of persons. Author gives particular attention to the questions of protection of the rights and interests of minority shareholders. Author notes that it is important to take into account the balance between the interests of minority shareholders and controlling shareholders. Author proves that non-observance of such balance can lead to the variety of negative consequences for the company, and also notes that protection of minority rights is aimed at creating favorable conditions for development, both joint-stock companies, and improving economic relations between shareholders and joint-stock companies. Author notes that with usual practice there are quite a number of ways to protect minority shareholders' rights enshrined in the various existing legal acts.

  12. Initiatives brought by president of the Russian Federation for reinforcing international nuclear safety legislation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On June 20, 2011, at IAEA's Ministerial Conference, which was assembled in connection with the recent accident at the Fukushima-1 nuclear plant in Japan, the Russian delegation officially introduced a series of proposals aimed at reinforcing the international legal framework in the field of nuclear safety, based on international initiatives of the President of the Russian Federation. The proposals, in particular, envisage: responsibility of the government for timeless and sufficiency of measures undertaken in response to an accident in order to minimize its consequences; creation of regulatory provisions to coordinate and provide for interaction between the government, the utility and the regulator in the circumstances of accident management and in mitigation of its consequences; responsibility of the country in ensuring that level of nuclear safety is at least as good as prescribed by the IAEA standards, and that the country has available emergency response action plans; expanding the scope of information that is to be provided about a nuclear accident

  13. Legal issues of the environmental safety regulation in the sphere of nanotechnology in Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belokrylova, Ekaterina A.

    2013-04-01

    Nowadays one of the principal innovative spheres in Russia is considered to be a rapid development of nanotechnology and nanomaterials and implementation its products into almost all fields of social and industrial life. Nevertheless, despite the pointed advantages an appearance of nano products has set not only a positive example of the scientific progress development and dynamics, but also a potential threat of possible risks for the environment and people's health in the case of its massive use when there is a lack of research about its impacts. In Russian Federation the problem of nanosafety regulation is extremely actual. A number of international documents have noted a lack of legal regulation in the sphere of nanotechnologies in Russian Federation. Thus, according to the strategic EU program, it's mentioned that in 2009 on an annual meeting of OECD Tour de Table Meeting in Paris (November, 2007) Russia took responsibility to develop a long term program of nanoindustry development by 2015 (Nanotechnology Action Plan for Russia-2015). The key role should be dedicated to the nanosafety aspects and potential risk assessment of nanomaterials for environment and humans' health. Unfortunately, until now Russia did not provide this document for discussion at the international level by the partners of nanoconsortcium. Indeed, from 2007 until nowadays in Russian Federation there are no a single federal act of legislation (federal'nyi zakon), establishing the state foundations of regulation of nanosafety. The only one Federeal Legal Act in the described sphere is the Federalniy Zakon from 19 July 2007 "About the Russian corporation of nanotechnologies", which has established the principles of organization, activites, functions and termination of Rosnanotech. However, there are no articles dedicated to the environmental safety provision in regards of nano products applications. Also there is no complex federal act consolidating legal status of action in the field of

  14. Current trends and prospects in the use of Russian research reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In the course of over 50 years many research reactors (RR) have been constructed in Russia and abroad based on the Russian designs and that made a significant contribution into the reactor designing worldwide. RR designed in Russia were found extremely viable and allowed further upgrading and improving their operating and research capabilities as well as extending the scope of their application. Most of Russian RR are characterized by long life, however, they are far from exhausting the service life and are used intensively. The demands of the national nuclear power, fundamental and applied investigations called for a review of the status of the reactor research facilities in Russia. The findings of the review are summarized in this report. The main conclusion can be formulated as follows: the number of domestic RR and their experimental capabilities are quite sufficient for a wide scope of problems, on the other hand, the most preferable way for RR development in the near term involves their reconstruction and modernization. At present the activities are in progress for modernization, reconstruction and extending lifetime of the multipurpose reactors MIR-Ml, SM-3, IRV-1M, BOR-60, IVV-2M. In line with the current trends is promotion of RR intended for the fundamental investigations at outward neutron beams. To this end, Rosatom provide the financial and professional support to completion of PIK reactor construction in St.Petersburg Institute of Nuclear Physics and upgrading IBR-2 reactor in the Joint Institute for Nuclear Investigations. In future the research reactors in Russia should be developed along the following lines:limited number of RR with high-level neutron flux intended for materials testing and provided with up-to-date experimental equipment that are installed at the existing research centers; PIK reactor used to satisfy the Russian and foreign demands in beam experiments in the area of nuclear physics, condensed media physics and ; other

  15. Measures that the Federal Atomic Energy Agency of the Russian Federation is taking to improve physical protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In our view, this conference is a logical extension of international efforts to coordinate activities to prevent potential acts of nuclear terrorism. Terrorism, in all its manifestations and in scale, has become one of the most dangerous problems of the 21st century. Our experience tells us that the possibility now exists for nuclear material to be used for criminal purposes. This is the starting point for us in the Russian Federation. In the light of this and the rapid development of nuclear power for peaceful purposes, the physical security of nuclear sites is one, if not the most crucial, factor in determining the long term prospects for nuclear development and for international collaboration in this field. Against this background, the IAEA's role in strengthening the international physical protection regime for facilities involved in the peaceful use of atomic energy is steadily growing. Nowadays, this activity has a pronounced preventive dimension focused on potential acts of nuclear terrorism. Rosatom (which I represent) carries out its activities in the field of the physical protection of nuclear material and facilities in accordance with the fundamentals of the Russian Federation's national nuclear and radiation safety policy for the period up to 2010 and on the basis of the Rosatom sector based programme for improving the physical protection of nuclear material, nuclear facilities and nuclear material storage locations. The main focus of our efforts to strengthen the physical protection regime is directed at improving the security system for nuclear facilities and nuclear material. In the Russian Federation, all facilities that pose a nuclear threat are under the protection of the federal domestic security forces. Also, departmental security units have been set up to assist the domestic security forces in security and emergency response matters. A federal State enterprise, Rosatom Departmental Security, has been created, and its function is to direct the

  16. ORGAN DONATION AND TRANSPLANTATION IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN 2015. 8th report of National Register

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. V. Gautier

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To carry out monitoring of the organization and development of the organ donation and transplantation in theRussian Federationaccording to 2015.Materials and methods. Questioning of heads of all the centers of transplantation is carried out. The comparative analysis of the obtained data in dynamics by years, between certain regions of theRussian Federation, the transplantation centers is done.Results. According to the register in2015 inthe Russian Federation 36 centers of renal transplantation, 17 centers of liver transplantation and 10 centers of heart transplantation were functioning. The waiting list of kidney transplantation in 2015 included 4167 potential recipients that make 13% of the total number of the patients (31 500 receiving a dialysis. The rate of donor activity in 2015 made 3.0 pmp. Efficiency of donor programs in 2015 continues to increase: the share of multiorgan retrievals made 57.8%, average number of organs, received from one effective donor, made 2.7. In 2015 the rate of kidney transplantation made 6.5 pmp; the rate of liver transplantation made 2.2 pmp; the rate of heart transplantation made 1.2 pmp. The number of transplantations of liver and heart in theRussian Federationcontinues to increase. The number of transplantations of kidney remains approximately at one level in the range of 950–1050.Moscowcapital region continues to be the center of stability and development of the organ donation and transplantation in the country, in which 10 centers of transplantation are functioning and nearly a half from all kidney transplantations and more than 65% of all liver and heart transplantations are carried out.Conclusion. The potential for further development of the transplantation care in theRussian Federationcontinues to persist. In particular, at the expense of increasing efficiency of regional donation programs, expanding practices of multiorgan recuperation and transplantations of extrarenal organs, through

  17. The Russian Federal Information System for Nuclear Material Control and Accounting: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most enterprises in the Russian Federation are not prepared to report to the Russian Federal Nuclear Material Control and Accounting Information System (FIS) by the full function reporting method. The full function reporting method requires reporting inventory listings on a schedule based on nuclear material category, submission of individual inventory change reports, and reconciliation and closeout at the end of each reporting period. Most Russian enterprises do not have automated systems and do not have the resources to develop and implement such systems. Over the last two years, MinAtom put the regulations and national level nuclear material control and accounting (MC and A) software in place to require all enterprises in the Russian Federation to report summarized inventory listings to the FIS in January 2002. Enterprises do not need automated systems to comply with summarized reporting requirements. Along with the approximately 25% of the total Category 1 Material Balance Areas (MBAs) using full function reporting, the addition of this complete summarized inventory makes the FIS a more valuable tool for MinAtom management. The FIS is now poised to complete the work by improving the integrity and reliability of the data through increasing the number of enterprises and MBAs using full function reporting. There are obstacles and issues that must be dealt with along the way to achieving the final goal of every MBA sending inventory and inventory change reports using the full function reporting method. Summarized reporting is a major step toward this final goal. Currently all MBAs using full function reporting are doing so under a U.S. contract. FIS management recognized full function reporting could not be implemented in the near-term and prepared a plan with immediate, intermediate, and long-term FIS tasks. To address the major obstacles and optimize implementation, two paths need to be followed in parallel: developing the regulatory basis and overcoming

  18. Design development and analytical assessment of LLCB TBM in Russian Federation during 2012–2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • The detailed design of LLCB TBM has been developed. • The neutronic calculations demonstrate the feasibility of the LLCB concept for applying tritium breeding. • The results of transient thermal analysis and the first results of structural analysis proved the ability of operation of the considered design. • The work is performed in the framework of partnership with Indian Party (leader of the LLCB TBM concept). - Abstract: The activity on the design, analysis, and R and D for the test blanket module (TBM) with lead–lithium (LL) eutectic coolant and ceramic breeder (CB) was performed in the Russian Federation (RF) according to the technical program of cooperation between the leading research institutes of India (“leader” of the LLCB TBM concept) and RF (“partner”). During the period of 2012–2013, the joint efforts of the RF and Indian specialists were focused on the development of the TBM's basic design with an optimal set of parameters (in particular for testing on both H-H and H-D operation phases of International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) machine). This article briefly describes the results of the TBM design and analysis that have been obtained by the RF specialists (“NIKIET” and D.V. Efremov Institute) in support of the LLCB concept (both DEMO blanket and TBM itself). The main directions of this activity in RF institutes were as follows: –development of the TBM design taking into account the ability to manufacture the TBM elements (load-bearing casing, tritium-breeding zone, and attachment system); –thermal analysis (in both stationary and transient approaches) of TBM design options (four variations of helium and eutectic flowing directions); –structural analysis of TBM design elements for Inductive I operation mode; and –recommendations (based upon the results of comparative analysis) on the reference design to be used on further stages of concept development. The critical issues and further

  19. ANALYSIS OF EQUIPMENT PROVISIONS FOR X-RAY DIAGNOSTICS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. M. Vishnyakova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of equipment provisions for X-ray diagnostics in the Russian Federation for the period from 2000 to 2006 is being presented. The article records the lag of Russia behind the countries with high level of public health service development both for total amount of X-ray diagnostic equipment and for the rate of their amount growth. The lag of national X-ray diagnostic equipment is especially high for the equipment for special X-ray examinations. Half of all X-ray equipment in Russia has a life time of 10 and more years. Equipment for the standard X-ray examinations prevails in its structure in contrast to the countries with high level of public health service. More than one third of equipment for fluoroscopy is not equipped with amplifiers of X-ray image. The share of digital X-ray diagnostic equipment for standard X-ray examinations is 5%, while in the economically developed countries mainly digital technologies are applied. Significant differences in the quantitative and qualitative aspects of current state of X-ray diagnostic equipment in the various Federal districts and administrative territories of the Russian Federation are observed.

  20. Functioning of Development Institutions in the Russian Federation at the Modern Stage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dzhukha Vladimir M.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is concerned with functioning of development institutions in the Russian Federation, the government of which has set a target to support innovation development and economic modernization. To solve this problem a system of development institutions is implemented in economics of Russia. In the present study is analyzed the mechanism of development institution’s implementation and discussed some challenge of it, particularly, system imbalances in functioning of institutes of development The results of this study prove necessity of effective institution building to support companies and new and innovative projects in various stages of the innovation cycle.

  1. Virtual Visit to the ATLAS Control Room by leading universities of Russian Federation

    CERN Multimedia

    ATLAS Experiment

    2012-01-01

    Science Festival in Russian Federation is a programme of events which take place at the leading scientific centres and museums in Russia. At the Science Festival scientists, engineers and students show to visitors the advances of modern science and technology in all scopes of life. Today the leading universities of Russia will feature a multipoint video conference with the LHC control room at CERN. This will give visitors of the Science Festival the opportunity to ask questions to the physicists involved about the Large Hadron Collider experiments, Higgs particles and antimatter. http://atlas-live-virtual-visit.web.cern.ch/atlas-live-virtual-visit/2012/Russia-2012.html

  2. UTC(SU) and EOP(SU) - the only legal reference frames of Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koshelyaevsky, Nikolay B.; Blinov, Igor Yu; Pasynok, Sergey L.

    2015-08-01

    There are two legal time reference frames in Russian Federation. UTC(SU) deals with atomic time and play a role of reference for legal timing through the whole country. The other one, EOP(SU), deals with Earth's orientation parameters and provides the official EOP data for scientific, technical and metrological applications in Russia.The atomic time is based on two essential hardware components: primary Cs fountain standards and ensemble of continuously operating H-masers as a time unit/time scale keeper. Basing on H-maser intercomparison system data, regular H-maser frequency calibration against Cs standards and time algorithm autonomous TA(SU) time scale is maintained by the Main Metrological Center. Since 2013 time unit in TA(SU) is the second (SU) reproduced independently by VNIIFTRI Cs primary standards in accordance to it’s definition in the SI. UTC(SU) is relied on TA(SU) and steering to UTC basing on TWSTFT/GNSS time link data. As a result TA(SU) stability level relative to TT considerably exceeds 1×10-15 for sample time one month and more, RMS[UTC-UTC(SU)] ≤ 3 ns for the period of 2013-2015. UTC(SU) is broadcasted by different national means such as specialized radio and TV stations, NTP servers and GLONASS. Signals of Russian radio stations contains DUT1 and dUT1 values at 0.1s and 0.02s resolution respectively.The definitive EOP(SU) are calculated by the Main Metrological Center basing on composition of the eight independent individual EOP data streams delivered by four Russian analysis centers: VNIIFTRI, Institute of Applied Astronomy, Information-Analytical Center of Russian Space Agency and Analysis Center of Russian Space Agency. The accuracy of ultra-rapid EOP values for 2014 is estimated ≤ 0.0006" for polar motion, ≤ 70 microseconds for UT1-UTC and ≤ 0.0003" for celestial pole offsets respectively.The other VNIIFTRI EOP activities can be grouped in three basic directions:- arrangement and carrying out GNSS and SLR observations at five

  3. Assessment of feasibility of converting russian ice breaker KLT-40 reactors from HEU to LEU fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of high-enriched uranium (HEU) in reactor fuel creates dangers of theft or diversion of the HEU to weapons use. As a result, since 1978, there has been a major international effort to convert HEU-fueled research and test reactors to low-enriched uranium (LEU) and a considerable amount of experience has been accumulated in this area. But no similar effort has yet been mounted to convert ship-propulsion reactors. Based on the information available about the KLT-40 reactor used on Russian nuclear-powered icebreakers, we have carried out a preliminary study and conclude that these reactors could be fueled with LEU without reducing core life. (author)

  4. Regulation of Nuclear Security in the Russian Federation: Changes and Amendments to the Regulatory Framework Since 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation covers the measures related to regulation of nuclear security in the Russian Federation taken during the period since 2009 and activities planned for the future. Changes and amendments to the regulatory and methodological documents of federal and departmental levels are described. (author)

  5. 77 FR 38457 - Blocking Property of the Government of the Russian Federation Relating to the Disposition of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] Vol. 77 Wednesday, No. 124 June 27, 2012 Part IV The President Executive Order 13617--Blocking Property of the Government of the Russian Federation Relating to the Disposition of Highly Enriched Uranium Extracted From Nuclear Weapons #0; #0; #0; Presidential Documents #0; #0;...

  6. Communication dated 13 March 2009 received from the Resident Representative of the Russian Federation to the IAEA on the Russian initiative to establish a guaranteed reserve of low enriched uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Secretariat has received a communication dated 13 March 2009 from the Resident Representative of the Russian Federation, forwarding a statement delivered on 5 March 2009 by the Governor for the Russian Federation on the Board of Governors, Ambassador G.V. Berdennikov concerning the Russian initiative to establish a guaranteed reserve of low enriched uranium. As requested in that communication, the statement is circulated herewith for the information of Member States

  7. [ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF EPIDEMIOLOGIC CONTROL, LABORATORY DIAGNOSTICS AND PROPHYLAXIS OF CHOLERA IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onischenko, G G; Popova, A Yu; Kutyrev, V V; Smirnova, N I; Scherbakova, S A; Moskvitina, E A; Titova, S V

    2016-01-01

    Main problems of system of epidemiologic control for cholera active in Russian Federation, as well as laboratory diagnostics and vaccine prophylaxis of this especially dangerous infection, that had emerged in the contemporary period of the ongoing 7th pandemic of cholera, are discussed. Features of the genome of natural strains of Vibrio cholerae of El Tor biovar, that possess a poten- tial epidemic threat, as well as problems, that have emerged during isolation of these strains from samples of water of surface water bodies during their monitoring, are also examined. The main direction of enhancement of the system of epidemiologic control for cholera consist in develop- ment of a new algorithm of differentiation of administrative territories of Russian Federation by types of epidemic manifestations, as well as optimization of monitoring of environment objects. Integration of modern highly informative technologies into practice, as well as development of new generation diagnostic preparations based on DNA-chips and immunechips is necessary to increase effectiveness of the conducted operative and retrospective diagnostics in the contemporary period. Creation of national cholera vaccine, ensuring simultaneous protection from cholera causative agents of both O1 and O139 serogroups, is also required. PMID:27029123

  8. To the Question of Personnel Policy in Divisions of Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga L. Chechko

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Present article is devoted to the actual questions of human rights management at the Prosecutor's Office of Russian Federation. Main content of this research is analysis of the human resource management characteristics at the present stage. Author pays special attention to research issues of relevant training courses for prosecutors. Author substantiates the view that skilled personnel are the basis of the successful functioning of prosecutorial unit. Requirement for candidates for job in the prosecutor’s office is to have high moral standards, namely, honesty, objectivity, self-critical and demanding of themselves and others, integrity and responsible attitude toward human rights and freedoms, legal culture as the highest social values, poise, tact, humility and moral purity, realities of profession require careful attention to the person’s ability to resist any form of pressure on them. Author examines key requirements for individuals to serve in the prosecution. Author's opinion, based on the experience of working in the as prosecutor’s office may be of interest to human resources specialists and applicants for the position of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation.

  9. Text of communication of 14 November 2000 received from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency concerning nuclear disarmament

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Director General has received a communication dated 14 November 2000 from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency concerning nuclear disarmament, attaching a statement by the President of the Russian Federation. The text of the communication and, as requested therein, the text of the President of the Russian Federation, are attached hereto for the information of Member States

  10. Communication received from the Resident Representative of the Russian Federation to the Agency concerning a statement of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Agency has received a communication dated 30 August 2005 from the Resident Representative of the Russian Federation, attaching a statement by the heads of State of Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Federation and Tajikistan adopted at the Moscow session of the Collective Security Council of the Collective Security Treaty Organization on 23 June 2005. The communication from the Russian Federation and, as requested therein, its attachment, are herewith circulated for the information of Member States

  11. Modernization and reconstruction of ageing Russian research reactors as the method to extend their operational life

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The common situation in Russian atomic industry exhibits a tendency to steady aging of research reactor (RR) facilities and extremely limited financial means for constructing new equipment instead of old. Modernization and reconstruction of operating RR after their designed resources exhausted are the most optimum strategic prospects in nearest 10 years. With respect to modernization strategy the following positive factors are of great importance: (a) additional lands are not occupied for construction site; (b) the exploitation of reactor building and a considerable part of technological system equipment is in progress. Their operational life is longer than of in-reactor devices (subjected to irradiation and heating) as a rule, and lasts no less than 50-60 years; (c) experimental base, which may be improved to carry out new tasks, is retained; (d) skilled personnel is preserved, since it can be employed in resembling works during the reactor shutdown; (e) the main strategic object is to retain research and experimental base with minimum financial and temporal expenses. Two Russian RR IRT and IBR-2 can cite an example of general and concrete approach to the issues including safety enhancement and development of the reactor engineering with reconstruction and modernization of aging facilities. (author)

  12. Structural materials for Russian fast reactor cores. Status and prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The energy strategy of Russia in the period up to 2020 contemplates a gradual introduction of a new nuclear energy technology based on the fast breeder reactors with the closed MOX fuel cycle. Further developments of nuclear power will demand inclusion of fast breeder reactors into the structure of NPPs. Since 1980 in Russia at Beloyarsk NPP the only in the word commercial fast breeder reactor BN-600 is in operation. According to the plans the fourth power unit at Beloyarsk NPP with the fast breeder reactor BN-800 shall be put into operation in 2012. Under developments is a commercial sodium cooled fast breeder BN-1800. The use of steel EP450 (12Cr13Mo2NbVB) as shrouds of FAs (96x2 mm) and cold worked steel ChS68 (06Cr16Ni15Mo2Mn2TiVB) as fuel claddings (6,9x0,4 mm) reliably ensured the fail-free operation of BN-600 reactor at the burnup of 11.2 % h.a. and the damage dose of 82 dpa. There is every reason to assume that the EP450 steel shrouds will not limit to reaching a higher fuel burnup. Currently, for the BN-type reactors as promising structural materials for a staged increase in the fuel burn-up under consideration are austenitic and martensitic steels including those produced by the powder metallurgy method (ODS steels). The main cause that restricts the burn-up of fuel clad in austenitic steels is their considerable swelling. This fact in its turn is responsible for the degradation of cladding short-time and long-time mechanical properties. Consideration has been given to the principles of complex alloying and treatment of austenitic steels that make low swelling feasible at the irradiation doses of ∼ 100 dpa. Currently experiments are under way in BN-600 reactor to validate the serviceability of austenitic steels as claddings: ChS68 steel up to ∼ 90 dpa, EK164 steel (07Cr16Ni19Mo2Mn2TiVB) up to ∼ 100 dpa. As a cladding material that provides for the fuel rod operation to the damage doses of ∼140 dpa under consideration are high

  13. Study on usage of low enriched uranium Russian type fuel elements for design of an experimental ADS research reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conceptual design of an accelerator driven sub-critical experimental research reactor (ADSRR) was initiated in 1999 at the Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Serbia and Montenegro. Initial results of neutronic analyses of the proposed ADSRR-H were carried out by Monte Carlo based codes and available high-enriched uranium dioxide (HEU) dispersed Russian type TVR-S fuel elements (FE) placed in a lead matrix. Beam of charged particles (proton or deuteron) would be extracted from the high-energy channel H5B of the VINCY cyclotron of the TESLA Accelerator Installation. In 2002, the Vinca Institute has, in compliance with the Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors (RERTR) Program, returned fresh HEU TVR-S type FEs back to the Russian Federation. Since usage of HEU FEs in research reactors is not further recommended, a new study of an ADSRR-L conceptual design has initiated in Vinca Institute in last two years, based on assumed availability of low-enriched uranium (LEU) dispersed type TVR-S FEs. Initial results of numerical simulations of this new ADSRR-L, published for the first time in this paper, shows that such a small low neutron flux system can be used as an experimental - 'demonstration' - ADS with neutron characteristics similar to proposed well-known lead moderated and cooled power sub-critical ADS with intermediate neutron spectrum. Neutron spectrum characteristics of the ADSRR-L are compared to ones of the ADSRR-H with the same mass (7.7 g) of 235U nuclide per TVR-S FE. (author)

  14. Radiological approach to determination of radioactively contaminated sites in Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Russian Federation actively cooperates with the International Atomic Energy Agency in its efforts on development and formation of a world-wide Directory of Radioactively Contaminated Sites (DRCS) aimed at collection of data about radioactively contaminated sites and pertinent restoration activities. One of the most serious preclusions on the way of launching such kind of projects is the necessity to determine what constitutes a 'contaminated' site and what should trigger remediation. These definitions vary from state to state and tend to be formulated less with scientific rigor in mind, than for political, social and economic and administrative purposes. The most general approach to defining radioactively contaminated sites as those, that constitute a part of the natural environment where human activities have introduced man-made nuclides or have enhanced natural radionuclide concentrations above natural background levels to the extent that a possible hazard to the population and the environment needs to be considered, was accepted by IAEA for the purpose of DRCS. It seems to be the best basis for determining decision-making criteria in the field of environmental radioprotection. In this report we will focus on the radiological part of the decision-making process, setting aside its other (may be no less important) factors, such as political, economic and social ones. In the Russian Federation the main environmental radioprotection criteria are established by the Sanitary Rules SP 2.6.1.758-99 'Ionizing Radiation. Radiation Safety. Radiation Safety Standards (NRB-99)' basing on the Federal Law 'On Radiation Safety'. In accordance with the NRB-99 (Annex 5), radiological protection of population living on radioactively contaminated territories is managed through intervention basing on observing the principles of radiation safety. Concrete values of intervention criteria in case of detecting local radioactive contaminations (aftermaths of former activities) are

  15. The forest resources of the Russian Federation and their regional characteristics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kukuev, Y.A. [Department of Forest Utilization and Inventory, The Federal Forest Service of Russia (Russian Federation)

    1997-12-31

    The forests of Russia amount to ca. 25% of the world`s forests. They cover a territory of ca. 1.2 billion hectares, i.e. 69% of the land area of the Russian Federation, stretching from the western to the eastern borders, from the subtundra in the north to the steppes of the south. These forests are differing in terms of their economic value, species composition, and age. All forest stands have a major impact on the climate, they protect the soil against erosion by water and wind, and they regulate the water regimes. Our knowledge of the forests is based on the data provided by inventories carried out by federal forest inventory enterprises following universally applied principles. These data form the main basis for the forest resource statistical accounting conducted every five years to demonstrate the qualitative and quantitative changes that have taken place in the Federation`s forest resources. Major annual changes in the forest resources of Russia are caused by economic activity, natural calamities and the administrative reorganization of district forestry units (reshow). These changes determine the period when the inventory materials (projects of forestry organization, inventory data, etc.) are elaborated. This period is 10 years in regions where intensive forestry is practised and 15 years in regions of low intensity of commercial forestry. (orig.)

  16. Scenarios of forestry carbon sequestration measures in the Russian Federation and priorities for action plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kokorin, A.O. [Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1996-12-31

    Development of forestry mitigation strategy under Russian transition economy conditions has many difficulties and specific features. The most important factors are: shortage in funds; absence of well defined legislation, rules and standards; absence of adequate control systems; weak transport infrastructure and export problems. Assessment of economic possibilities, potential, short- and middle-term measures show that strategies have to be focused on improvement and promotion of current carbon sequestration activity. Five baseline forestry scenario (No. 1) and four other scenarios (No. 2 - No. 5) for 2000-2040 were developed. Each scenario covers all forested area but provides separate analysis of 30 `forestry ecoregions`. Three types of forestry management were included in scenarios: clear-cut logging and reforestation (by scenarios No. 2 and No. 3); selective logging and thinning (No. 4); measures to prevent and manage fires (No. 5). The baseline scenario results in a constant net-sink of about 150 MtC/yr. An increase in clear-cut logging on the basis of current forestry practice will cause a rapid drop of net-sink. Implementation of a modest increase in clear-cut logging with active forest fire and selective logging measures could provide with a slight increase of net-sink. Consideration of scenarios helps identify regional forestry priorities for Russian Climate Change Action Plan. The priorities by region include: European-Ural: (1) creation of economy mechanism to increase forestry effectiveness on the same cutting areas, (2) assistance to natural reforestation. Central and North-East Siberia: promotion of forest fire protection system. South Siberia and Primorie and Priamurie: limit of clear-cut logging and creation market situation for better forestry efficiency. The proposed Joint Implementation Vologda reforestation project which is being considered now by special bodies of the USA and the Russian Federation is in good agreement with these priorities.

  17. Nuclear power desalinating complex with IRIS reactor plant and Russian distillation desalinating unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper has been prepared as a result of Russian activities on the development of nuclear power desalinating complex (NPDC) with the IRIS reactor plant (RP). The purpose of the activities was to develop the conceptual design of power desalinating complex (PDC) and to evaluate technical and economical indices, commercial attractiveness and economical efficiency of PDC based on an IRIS RP with distillation desalinating plants. The paper presents the main results of studies as applied to dual-purpose PDC based on IRIS RP with different types of desalinating plants, namely: characteristics of nuclear power desalinating complex based on IRIS reactor plant using Russian distillation desalinating technologies; prospective options of interface circuits of the IRIS RP with desalinating plants; evaluations of NPDC with IRIS RP output based on selected desalinating technologies for water and electric power supplied to the grid; cost of water generated by NPDC for selected interface circuits made by the IAEA DEEP code as well as by the Russian TEO-INVEST code; cost evaluation results for desalinated water of PDC operating on fossil fuel and conditions for competitiveness of the nuclear PDC based on IRIS RP compared with analog desalinating complexes operating on fossil fuel.(author)

  18. Russian oil. Growth market or pitfall? Petroleum industry, climate for investment and foreign investors in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A description is given of the Russian oil industry, its potential and the impediments to realising this potential. The analysis is written on the basis of an investment evaluation model as used by large oil companies. Such a model contains tree basic steps: identifying size, place and composition of the reserves; assessing the possibility and manner of producing the oil; and, thirdly, judging the commercial viability of production, taking into account the market, transportation and a variety of risks. Especially in the latter step special attention is paid to the political, fiscal and social stability in a country. Addressing these issues the author focuses in his paper on the investment climate in Russia. He discusses, among other things, the influence of the Russian government, the privatisation process, the structure of the Russian oil industry, changes in the fiscal policy, corporate governance, etc. The author concludes that despite the obvious potential of Russia with its large reserves, the huge uncertainties around the investment climate in Russia have to be solved before foreign companies will invest on a large scale in the Russian oil industry

  19. Thermal degradations of wood biofuels, coals and hydrolysis lignin from the Russian Federation: Experiments and modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popova, Evgeniya; Chernov, Aleksandr; Maryandyshev, Pavel; Brillard, Alain; Kehrli, Damaris; Trouvé, Gwenaëlle; Lyubov, Viktor; Brilhac, Jean-François

    2016-10-01

    The thermal degradation of wood biofuels (spruce, pine), of coals from different fields of the Russian Federation and of hydrolysis lignin is investigated using a thermogravimetric analyzer under different heating conditions and under non-oxidative or oxidative atmospheres. The samples are indeed submitted to a linear temperature ramp of 10K/min or to a temperature ramp of 200K/min up to a residence temperature between 250 and 450°C where they are maintained during 4h (isothermal conditions). The values of the kinetic parameters are determined for these different samples in both thermal conditions, either using the differential isoconversional method or by means of an Extended Independent Parallel Reaction (EIPR) model. The values of the kinetic parameters obtained with this EIPR model for spruce trunk are also compared with that of its main constituents (hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin). PMID:27455128

  20. Political risks of hydrocarbon deposit development in the Arctic seas of the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nowadays the process of Arctic development has a long-term international cooperation character. Economic and geopolitical interests of both arctic and non-arctic countries meet in the region. Apart from resource development issues, there are problems concerning security, sustainable development and some others issues conditioned by climate and geographical characteristics of the region. Strategic analysis of political risks for the Russian Federation is carried out. The analysis reveals that political risks of hydrocarbon deposits development in the RF arctic seas appear as lack of coordination with arctic countries in solving key regional problems, failure to follow international agreements. Such inconsistency may lead to political risks, which results in strained situation in the region

  1. A THEORETICAL APPROACH ON THE STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razvan-Alexandru GENTIMIR

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to explore the theoretical approaches of the „strategic partnership” concept, and then applying them to the relationship and cooperation between the European Union and the Russian Federation, thus emphasizing its evolution. The base of this article lays on a literature review that gathers recent articles and several studies of some researchers in the field, providing some professional information on the subject. Findings reveal that there has not yet got to a general definition of the concepts, researchers and not only would agree upon, and, when applying it to the EU-Russia relation, that there are some mutual benefits as a result of the cooperation. This article shows that, despite of the fact that the startup of the cooperation between the two major global powers was a good one, it now has reached some kind of dead moment, when policy contradictions block the evolution of the partnership.

  2. Investigations on inertial confinement fusion at the Russian Federal Nuclear Center - VNIIEF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 30 years already, the All-Russia Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF) is engaged in investigations on the problem of inertial confinement fusion. The high-power laser facilities 'Iskra 5' (Kirillov G A et al 1990 Laser Particle Beams 8 827-31) and 'Luch' (Sukharev S A 3rd Int. Conf. on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion ed W H Lowdermilk Proc. SPIE 3492 12-24) were created and are operating now in the framework of this programme. The main lines of the work at these facilities are the investigation of the physics of thermonuclear targets and the development of laser technologies. This work resulted in the development of a project of the new generation facility 'Iskra-6'. This report presents the main results of these works carried out at Russian Federal Nuclear Center - VNIIEF in the period 1991-2002

  3. Is construction of fast power reactors more expensive than for thermal reactors in the present day Russian nuclear power industry?r

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Estimates obtained both in Russia and abroad show tat fast reactors can be re-oriented from breeding to address new global problems - accumulated civil and weapons-grade plutonium stocks management and minor actinide transmutation. Construction cost still is one primary development challenge for fast reactors. This paper points that capital cost of last reactors within the Russian nuclear power industry could be very similar to the cost of new generation medium size VVER type improved safety reactors. (authors)

  4. Development of infrastructure for epidemiological studies in Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Chernobyl accident in 1986 raised worldwide concern about the health effects of the radiation fallout. International collaborations were established between scientist; to investigate the long-term consequences of the accident. However, lack of knowledge abut the mechanisms of data collection and the quality of basic epidemiological tools, such as mortality and cancer incidence, has been recognized as a major limitation for the conduct of epidemiological investigations according to international standards in the Newly Independent States (NIS). In the framework of a collaboration which aims to develop and implement epidemiological infrastructure in Belarus, the Russian Federation and he Ukraine, a survey on cancer registration techniques was conducted. A system of compulsory reporting of all new cases of cancer was introduced in 1953 throughout hie former Soviet Union for health planning purposes. This cancer registration system, however, was developed entirely independent from similar activities in other parts of hie World. In each of the countries surveyed, a nationwide network of regional dispensary-based cancer registries exists. Cancer registration in the NIS relies on passive reporting from hospital and laboratory sources. Death certificates are searched actively. Whereas: in Belarus and the Ukraine computerized cancer registration has been developed in recent years, cancer registration in most areas of the Russian Federation is still a manual operation. Although computerization was identified as the major objective in all tree countries, further efforts are required to assess the completeness and the quality of the information collected. The introduction of internationally recognized classifications wold considerably improve the comparability with registries in other parts of the World. In addition to preparing annual statistics for health planning purposes, cancer registries should consider reporting cancer incidence for research purposes following

  5. Characteristics of Populations of the Russian Federation over the Panel of Fifteen Loci Used for DNA Identification and in Forensic Medical Examination

    OpenAIRE

    Stepanov, V.; Balanovsky,O; Melnikov, A.; Lash-zavada, A.; Khar'kov, V.; Tyazhelova, T.; Akhmetova, V.; Zhukova, O.; Shneider, Yu; Shil'nikova, I.; Borinskaya, S.; Marusin, A.; Spiridonova, M.; Simonova, K.; Khitrinskaya, I.

    2011-01-01

    Seventeen population groups within the Russian Federation were characterized for the first time using a panel of 15 genetic markers that are used for DNA identification and in forensic medical examinations. The degree of polymorphism and population diversity of microsatellite loci within the Power Plex system (Promega) in Russian populations; the distribution of alleles and genotypes within the populations of six cities and 11 ethnic groups of the Russian Federation; the levels of intra- and ...

  6. The Children of Russia Are in Danger! The Danger Comes from the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of General and Professional Education of the Russian Federation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medvedeva, Irina; Shishova, Tat'iana

    1998-01-01

    Argues against the international project called "Sex Education for the Schoolchildren of Russia" that is a sex education program intended for students in the seventh through ninth grades and is carried out by the Ministry of General and Professional Education of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (CMK)

  7. Communication of 6 September 2004 received from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation concerning the recent tragic events in Beslan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Director General has received a letter from the Resident Representative of the Russian Federation, attaching a statement by the President of the Russian Federation, President Vladimir Putin, concerning the recent tragic events in Beslan. In the light of the request expressed in the letter, the text of the letter and its attachment is attached hereto

  8. Characteristics of pigeon paramyxovirus serotype-1 isolates (PPMV-1) from the Russian Federation from 2001 to 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monitoring programs for highly dangerous avian diseases in the Russian Federation, from 2001 to 2009, detected 77 samples PCR-positive for avian paramyxovirus serotype-1 (APMV-1) isolates from sick or dead feral and domestic pigeons. Nucleotide sequences of the fusion (F) gene, including a nucleoti...

  9. Communication of 29 May 1998 received from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of a communication dated 29 May 1998 received at the IAEA from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the IAEA, including a statement from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia regarding the tests of nuclear devices conducted by Pakistan on 28 May 1998

  10. [The demographic situation in the Russian Federation during the structural transition associated with perestroika and the subsequent economic stabilization].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonova, O; Brui, B; Gorbunova, T; Nikitina, S

    1997-01-01

    The authors describe the demographic situation in the Russian Federation in the period of perestroika and in the subsequent period of economic and social turmoil associated with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Topics covered include changes in population growth and decline, life expectancy, morbidity, health status, the health system, and age distribution. PMID:12348413

  11. Communication received on 10 May 1999 from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of a communication received on 10 May 1999 from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency, with regard to the resolution adopted by the 42nd Agency General Conference, entitled 'The safety of radiation sources and the security of radioactive materials' (GC(42)/RES/12), in connection with the war in Yugoslavia

  12. Communication of 22 May 1998 received from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of a communication dated 22 May 1998 received at the IAEA from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the IAEA, including a statement from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia and a communication for publication, regarding the tests of nuclear weapons conducted by India on 11 May 1998

  13. 77 FR 32513 - Hot-Rolled Flat-Rolled Carbon-Quality Steel Products From the Russian Federation; Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... alloy (``HSLA'') steels, and the substrate for motor lamination steels. IF steels are recognized as low... carbon and nitrogen elements. HSLA steels are recognized as steels with micro-alloying levels of elements... Carbon-Quality Steel Products From the Russian Federation, 64 FR 38626 (July 19, 1999). Likewise,...

  14. 75 FR 78968 - Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation: Extension of Time Limit for Preliminary Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-17

    ... Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Administrative Reviews, 75 FR 29976 (May 28, 2010). The preliminary... International Trade Administration Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation: Extension of Time Limit for... a notice of initiation of an administrative review of the antidumping duty order on magnesium...

  15. 76 FR 13355 - Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation: Notice of Court Decision Not in Harmony With Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ... Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, 73 FR 52642 (September 10, 2008) (Final Results). In the Final Results... Review, 75 FR 56989 (September 17, 2010). In the event the CIT's ruling is not appealed or, if appealed... International Trade Administration Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation: Notice of Court Decision Not...

  16. NEW STATES ON STATE REGISTRATION AND ACCOUNTING OF PLEDGE IN THE CIVIL CODE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neteshinskaya L. F.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the new states on state registration and accounting of pledge in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, specifically, new status of pledging of the real-estate state registration and member's rights in the limited liability company; pledging of securities and other property accounting

  17. Goal implementation perspectives of the Framework U N Convention on Climate Change in Russian Federation - Federal Objective Program on prevention of dangerous climate change and their negative consequences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Principal goals and tasks of Federal Target-oriented Program (FTP), system of program measures, its resources ensuring, mechanism for the FTP realization, supervision of execution and data on assessment of its effectiveness are expounded. Results of Russian Federation Inter-department commission activity on climate change issues are cited. Some aspects of negotiation process on Framework U N Convention o climate change are considered. (author)

  18. Statistical Data Characterizing the Economical Aspects of the Development of Education in the Regions of the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    -()

    2005-01-01

    Data on government expenditures on education are presented. The salary level in education is compared to that in the economy in general and to the minimum subsistence level. Average prices for certain educational services are stated. The article uses materials provided by the Federal Service of State Statistics and by the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation. The material was prepared by I.Yu. Zabaturina, V.I. Kuznetsova and O.K. Ozerova, Senior Research Fellows at the Statistics and...

  19. Application of a Russian nuclear reactor simulator VVER-1000; Aplicacion de un simulador de reactor nuclear ruso VVER-1000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez-Peniche S, A. [UNAM, Facultad de Ingenieria, Circuito Interior, Ciudad Universitaria, 04360 Mexico D. F. (Mexico); Salazar S, E., E-mail: alpsordo@hotmail.com [UNAM, Facultad de Ingenieria, Departamento de Sistemas Energeticos, Laboratorio de Analisis en Ingenieria de Reactores Nucleares, 62250 Jiutepec, Morelos (Mexico)

    2012-10-15

    The objective of the present work is to give to know the most important characteristics in the Russian nuclear reactor of pressurized light water VVER-1000, doing emphasis in the differences that has with the western equivalent the reactor PWR in the design and the safety systems. Therefore, a description of the computerized simulation of the reactor VVER-1000 developed by the company Eniko TSO that the International Atomic of Energy Agency distributes to the states members with academic purposes will take place. The simulator includes mathematical models that represent to the essential systems in the real nuclear power plant, for what is possible to reproduce common faults and transitory characteristic of the nuclear industry with a behavior sufficiently attached to the reality. In this work is analyzed the response of the system before a turbine shot. After the accident in the nuclear power plant of Three Mile Island (US) they have been carried out improvements in the design of the reactor PWR and their safety systems. To know the reach and the limitations of the program, the events that gave place to this accident will be reproduced in the simulator VVER-1000. With base to the results of the simulation we will conclude that so reliable is the response of the safety system of this reactor. (Author)

  20. Progress in realization of the state policy in RW and SNF Management in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The basic infrastructure at the majority of the enterprises for management of radioactive waste (RW) and spent nuclear fuel (SNF) built in Russia in the 1960s and 1970s are now morally and technically obsolete and require reconstruction. As stated in this presentation, the most complicated problem is the shortage of financial resources, and International support is very important. The presentation is organised in sections discussing (1) the problem, (2) basic aspects of the State policy in this field, (3) the federal institutions in charge, (4) the principles upon which the State policy is grounded, (5) the main objectives of the RW and SNF management in Russia, (6) the federal programme: Radioactive wastes and spent nuclear materials management, their disposal and burial for the period 1996-2005, (7) plans for impending solution of the problems of the Northern and Pacific regions of Russia, (8) some top priority work of Minatom, (9) measures planned at the Russian power plants, (10) some basic results so far, (11) international co-operation

  1. The Russian Federation's Ministry of Atomic Energy: Programs and Developments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, Craig M.

    2000-07-24

    The Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation (Minatom) is one of Russia's largest and most influential federal bodies. Throughout 1999 its head, Yevgeny Adamov, has worked to increase the Ministry's commercial competitiveness by consolidating redundant facilities and tightening control over subsidiary organizations. Economic difficulties and budget constraints, however, have hindered Minatom's ability to achieve many of its programs and goals. As a result, the Ministry has continued, renewed or initiated contracts with several countries possessing questionable commitments to nonproliferation and has sought to expand its role in international nuclear waste management and spent fuel reprocessing in order to raise new sources of revenue. While many of these programs are not likely to come to fruition, others raise significant nonproliferation and environmental concerns. This paper reviews select programs driving Minatom's efforts to raise funds, comments on their potential viability, and highlights areas likely to be of particular concern for the United States over the next three to five years.

  2. PROGRESS IN ORGAN DONATION AND TRANSPLANTATION IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN 2006–2010. 3RD REPORT OF NATIONAL REGISTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. V. Gautier

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the third report of the Registry of Russian transplant society, taking into account donor and transplant activity in the Russian Federation in 2006–2010. Data analysis proves clear positive trends during the last 5 years. The further progress is possible through the creation and modernization of regional donor infra- structures whose activities should be aimed at increasing of the number of donor hospitals and its rational use by expansion of brain death verification and performance of multiorgan procurement. 

  3. THE INFLUENCE OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, IN THE CONTEXT OF INTENSIFYING GLOBALIZATION PROCESSES, ON THE LABOUR MARKET OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. V. POLYAKOVA

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights the research of the impacts of international relations on the Russian labor market, positive and negative consequences of its functioning in the conditions of globalization and the development of recommendations for overcoming the tensions and reducing negative impacts of external determinants on labor market in the Russian Federation. Intensification of globalization processes and strengthening of international cooperation and international relations of the Russian Federation make an ambiguous influence on the functioning of national labor market. On the one hand, expansion of international relations and communications enhances the creation of new jobs, the growth of gross domestic product, the increase of employment and decrease of unemployment;  on the other hand - there is a great reduction of potential labor force, what makes a negative impact on the economic system of the state. In the course of the research the author made a detailed analysis of positive and negative moments accompanying the activization of international relations of Russia and formulated the list of measures aimed at reduction and elimination of negative consequences and influences on labor market of the expanded presence of the Russian Federation on the  nternational arena.

  4. Ten years of IAEA cooperation with the Russian research reactor fuel return programme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tozser, S.; Adelfang, P.; Bradley, E. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

    2013-01-15

    The Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) Programme was launched in 2001. Over the duration, the programme successfully completed 43 safe shipments of 1.6 tons of fresh and spent HEU fuel from different countries using Russian fuelled research reactors to the country of origin. The IAEA has been a very active supporter of the RRRFR Programme since its inception. Under the auspices of the RRRFR Programme, the Agency has been ensuring a broad range of technical advisory and organizational support to the HEU fuel repatriation, as well as training and advisory assistance for supporting RR conversion from HEU to LEU. The presentation gives an overview of the RRRFR programme achievements with special consideration of the IAEA contribution. These include an overview of the shipments' history in terms of fresh and spent fuel, as well as a summary of experiences gained during the shipments' preparation and termination. The presentation focuses on technical advisory support given by the IAEA during the programme implementation, captures the consolidated knowledge of the unique international programme and shares the most important lessons learned. (orig.)

  5. The Russian Federation's Ministry of Atomic Energy: Programs and Developments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    CM Johnson

    2000-07-24

    This paper reviews select programs driving the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation's (Minatom) efforts to raise funds, comments on their potential viability, and highlights areas likely to be of particular concern for the US over the next three to five years. The paper's findings are: (1) Despite numerous cabinet displacements throughout the Yeltsin administration, Yevgeny Adamov was reappointed Minister on four occasions. With Boris Yeltsin's January 1, 2000 resignation, Adamov's long-term position as the head of the Ministry is more tenuous, but he will likely retain his position until at least the March 2000 elections. Acting President Vladimir Putin is unlikely to reorganize his cabinet prior to that date and there are no signs that Putin is dissatisfied with Adamov's leadership of Minatom. (2) Adamov's chief priorities are downsizing Minatom's defense sector, increasing the oversight of subsidiary bodies by the central bureaucracy and consolidating commercial elements of the Ministry within an umbrella organization called Atomprom. (3) Viktor Mikhaylov, Adamov's predecessor and critic of his reform efforts, has been relieved of his duties as First Deputy Minister. While he retains his positions as Chief of the Science Councils and Chief Scientist at Arzamas-16, his influence on Minatom's direction is greatly diminished. Adamov will likely continue his efforts to further marginalize Mikhaylov in the coming year. (4) Securing extra-budgetary sources of income continues to be the major factor guiding Minatom's international business dealings. The Ministry will continue to aggressively promote the sale of nuclear technology abroad, often to countries with questionable nonproliferation commitments. (5) Given the financial difficulties in Russia and Minatom's client states, however, few nuclear development programs will come to fruition for a number of years, if ever. Nevertheless, certain

  6. Economic evaluation of nuclear power and desalination complexes. Annex 8. Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study summarizes our extensive investigations aiming to realize three objectives: 1) Search for technical solutions to enhance technical and economical performances, commercial attractiveness and competitive strength of the floating nuclear desalination complexes (FNDC) based on nuclear reactors such as KLT-40S, RITM-200 and on-shore systems based on the GT-MHR, all coupled to distillation and reverse osmosis desalination plants; 2) Adaptation and update of IAEA program DEEP-3 and Russian program TEO-INVEST to evaluate economic efficiency of above nuclear desalination systems; 3) Determination of innovative trends that lead to further safety enhancing and reduction of nuclear desalination costs; solution of non-proliferation issues. The cost of desalinated water produced by fossil-fuel desalination complexes was also evaluated, and the competitiveness of KLT-40S and RITM-200 Floating Power Units was determined by comparison with the costs of fossil-fuel analogs. Both the nuclear options lead to lower power and desalination cost as compared by the fossil fuelled based systems under the following conditions: 1) If fuel oil prices are higher than 90 to 120 $/t (for fuel oil cogeneration plant, specific capital costs equal 650-1300 $/kW in prices as of 2006); 2) If coal costs prices are higher than 60 to 80 $/t (for coal cogeneration plant, specific capital costs equal to 1000 to 1400 $/kW, in prices as of 2006). (author)

  7. Nuclear reactor safety and Federal regulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Public confidence in nuclear reactors requires that technical people translate complex safety information into a form that the public can understand well enough to make a judgment. An overall picture is drawn of the major areas of concern: (1) risks and safety measures, (2) government regulation, (3) licensing, (4) plant operation, (5) safety experience, and (6) quality assurance. Although the possibilities of a reactor core melting through the concrete containment barrier are slight, rigorous safety efforts are required. Government regulation and technical developments have developed concurrently so that the high standards set for government facilities can be carried over to commercial efforts. There are two stages in the licensing procedure: a construction permit and an operating license. Reviews of the proposed site, design, emergency cooling systems are all held, followed by a public hearing. Inspection and backfitting of new safety equipment are required in operating plants. The 60 plants now in operation have a good performance record, but good management for quality assurance increases safety and efficiency factors

  8. Planning of ADS related R and D in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ADS oriented R and D were initiated in Russia by ITEP in close cooperation with LANL in early nineties. In October 1998 the Scientific Council of the Ministry of Russian Federation for Atomic Power (MINATOM) decided to develop a Program of ADS related R and D coordinated and partly financed by MINATOM. Experimental investigations of ADS parameters include critical assembly in ITEP for precision measurements of neutron and kinetic parameters of subcritical multiplicating systems driven by pulsed neutron D-T generator; fast-thermal 'neutron valved' blankets imitated at the BFS-1 facility (IPPE) coupled with microtron accelerator. BFS-1 and BFS-2 critical assemblies are used to investigate the transmutation of minor actinides (MA). Theoretical methods and related computer codes are developed for the calculations of physical and thermohydraulic parameters of ADS covering transition processes and emergency situations in thermal, fast and cascade (two-stage) multiplicating blankets; neutron yields and spectra for the targets of various geometries and structures irradiated by GeV protons and ions; heat release, beam moderation, gas production and radiation damages in the target and window beam materials. (author)

  9. The pathology of childhood thyroid tumors in the Russian Federation after Chernobyl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The histological verification of thyroid carcinoma that have occurred in children in the contaminated areas of the Russian Federation after Chernobyl has been performed by pathologists from Obninsk and Cambridge. Formalin fixed material and paraffin blocks of 10 cases of childhood thyroid cancer were received from different hospitals in Russia during 1993-1995. 4 of the cases were female, and 6 male. In one of these cases the material available in Cambridge unfortunately showed no tumor. Of the other 9 cases, all were papillary carcinomas. 5 showed the solid follicular pattern, predominant in younger children in the UK and forming the great majority of the recent childhood cases in both Belarus and the Ukraine. 2 were predominantly oxyphil carcinomas which were classified with papillary carcinomas on both architectural and cytological grounds, and 2 showed the features of the classic type of papillary carcinoma, predominant among the older children in the UK. All children came from areas contaminated by fallout from the Chernobyl accident, with 6 from Bryansk 1 from Kaluga and 3 from Tula. All cases were confirmed by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization for thyroid differentiation markers. The oncogenes ret, met and p53 were also studied by immunohistochemistry

  10. Food security and nutrition in the Russian Federation – a health policy analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karsten Lunze

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: In the Russian Federation (Russia, an elevated burden of premature mortality attributable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs has been observed since the country's economic transition. NCDs are largely related to preventable risk factors such as unhealthy diets. Objective: This health policy study's aim was to analyze past and current food production and nutritional trends in Russia and their policy implications for Russia's NCD burden. Design: We examined food security and nutrition in Russia using an analytical framework of food availability, access to food, and consumption. Results: Agricultural production declined during the period of economic transition, and nutritional habits changed from high-fat animal products to starches. However, per-capita energy consumption remained stable due to increased private expenditures on food and use of private land. Paradoxically, the prevalence of obesity still increased because of an excess consumption of unsaturated fat, sugar, and salt on one side, and insufficient intake of fruit and vegetables on the other. Conclusions: Policy and economic reforms in Russia were not accompanied by a food security crisis or macronutrient deprivation of the population. Yet, unhealthy diets in contemporary Russia contribute to the burden of NCDs and related avoidable mortality. Food and nutrition policies in Russia need to specifically address nutritional shortcomings and food-insecure vulnerable populations. Appropriate, evidence-informed food and nutrition policies might help address Russia's burden of NCDs on a population level.

  11. [Revised classification of native probiotic strains of Lactobacillus used in Russian Federation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botina, S G; Klimina, K M; Koroban, N V; Amerkhanova, A M; Zinchenko, V V; Danilenko, V N

    2010-11-01

    Thirteen strains of industrial bacterial cultures of the genus Lactobacillus (from a collection of Gabrichevsky Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology) were studied. These strains were used for decades in Russian Federation for food and drug production, as ferments for lactic acid products, for production of probiotics, biologically active and veterinary preparations. Complex analysis of data on cultures obtained using microbiological and molecular-genetic methods was conducted for the first time. Biochemical characteristics of these cultures were studied and the sequence of the proximal region of 16S ribosomal RNA gene was determined. The employment of the test system API-50CHL was shown to broaden the opportunities of a more accurate biochemical identification of bacteria belonging to the genus Lactobacillus, in comparison with the set ANAEROTEST-23. According to the results obtained in a comparative analysis of nucleotide sequences of 16S rRNA gene, all strains examined show 97-99% homology of the proximal region of this gene with that of the type representatives of studied species. These data allowed taxonomic reclassification of the species position of cultures with consideration of the more advanced level of systematics. Nucleotide sequences of gene fragments of examined lactobacilli strains were recorded in NCBI database (accession numbers of deposits GU560031, GU560032, GU560033, GU560034, GU560035, GU560036, GU560037, GU560038, GU560039, GU560040, GU560041, GU560042, GU560043). PMID:21261060

  12. [The hospitalized morbidity and mortality of adult population of the Russian Federation. Report II].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schepin, V O

    2014-01-01

    The two-part article presents the results of complex scientific analysis of hospitalized morbidity and mortality of adult population (18 years and older) of the Russian Federation. The main accounting statistical groups--able-bodied (18-54/59 years) and older than able-bodied age--are included. The report I (published in No2 2014) substantiates actuality of study and determines materials and methods of analysis of volume, structure, level of subject of research. The results of in-depth analysis of hospitalized morbidity and mortality of adult population of able-bodied age. The report II presents main characteristics of hospitalized morbidity and mortality of population of older than able-bodied age and results of comparative analysis of hospitalized morbidity and mortality in the mentioned above groups of adult population. The article presents indicators of morbidity of population sent to hospitalization. The significant differences are demonstrated between main groups of adult population in level of use of hospital care, structure of hospitalized morbidity and formation of hospitalization flows, outcomes of diseases, etc. All these factors are to be considered in planning of volumes and structure of hospital care, including program of state guarantees in conditions of demographic aging of country population. The results of study can be used as one of information analytical blocks in management decision making of various levels on issues of medical care rendering, protection, preservation and promotion of health of country adult population. PMID:25219033

  13. A comparative risk assessment for the Russian V213 power reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marshall, T.D.; Hockenbury, R.W. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics; Honey, J.A. [American Nuclear Insurers, Farmington, CT (United States); Cadwallader, L.C. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1996-04-01

    Probabilistic risk assessment methodology is applied to generate an evaluation of the relative likelihood of safe recovery following selected pressurized water reactor (PWR) design basis accidents for a Russian V213 nuclear power reactor. US-designed PWRs similar to the V213 are used for reference and comparison. This V213 risk assessment is based on comparison analyses of the following aspects: accident progression event tree success paths for typical PWR accident initiating events, safety aspects in reactor design, and perceived performance of reactor safety systems. The four initiating events considered here are: loss of offsite power with station blackout, large-break loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA), medium-break LOCA, and small-break LOCA. The success probabilities for the V213 reaching a non-core-damage state after the onset of the selected initiating events are calculated for two scenarios: (a) using actual component reliability data from US PWRs and (b) assuming common component reliability data. US PWR component reliability data are used based of the unavailability of such data for the V213 at the time of the analyses. While the use of US PWR data in this risk assessment of the V213 does strongly infer V213 comparability to US plants, the risk assessment using common component reliability does not have such a stringent limitation and is thus a separate scoping assessment of the V213 engineered safety systems. The results of the analyses suggest that the V213 has certain design features that significantly improve the reactor`s safety margin for the selected initiating events and that the V213 design has a relative risk of core damage for selected initiating events that is at least comparable to US PWRs. It is important to realize that these analyses are of a scoping nature and may be significantly influenced by important risk factors such as V213 operator training, quality control, and maintenance procedures.

  14. Sustainability of the wood chains between the Russian Federation and the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arets, E.J.M.M.; Schütz, P.; Pedroli, G.B.M.

    2009-01-01

    In this report an overview of sustainability issues in Russian forestry is given, focusing on the European part of Russia and trade with the Netherlands. The present situation and developments in Russian forestry are described, taking into account the new Forest Code and increasing export tax on rou

  15. Comparative analysis of public service advertising regulation in Russian Federation and European countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nureeva Maria, R.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In modern world public service advertising is a direct reflection of social values, humanistic relationships between people, level of cultural development of the society. The aim of PSA is to form social challenges in the society’s mind, to lead to reforms in social sphere. Underestimation and inattentiveness towards social problems could lead to loss of moral values, destruction of culture and forming the basis for aggravation in relation between different levels of society. The tasks of the research are the following: to analyze the legislative base of public service advertising, to determine their strengths and weaknesses; to find out typical problems arising while PSA realization in Russia and Europe; to determine the main obstacles, preventing from creation of efficient and qualitative PSA and to find out and provide the measures of creating an efficient and qualitative public service advertising. In the first part of the paper we compare PSA regulation, sort out PSA legislative and practical issues in Russia and Europe. In the second part we consider the process of efficient PSA realization. For this purpose there were investigated the main obstacles on the way of realization of PSA strategy in Russia and Europe, possibilities of application of marketing mix approach. Though the level of social activity has increased in Russia especially in recent years, PSA market is only in the process of formation – there are huge potentials for investigations, initiatives and improvements. We could conclude that modern PSA legal base of Russian Federation restrains the development of PSA in our country and puts obstacles in the way of PSA participants: government, non-commercial organizations and businesses. In comparison with EU our country fails behind European countries both in the level of legislative regulation and practical experience. The most important difference between PSA practice in Russia and in Europe is that in Europe there is clear

  16. Country Report Summary: Russian Federation [Project Management in Nuclear Power Plant Construction: Guidelines and Experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the end of 2005 the management of the Federal Atomic Energy Agency (FAEA) set the objective to develop the design of a two-Unit NPP with a lead unit of enhanced safety - AES-2006, to be highly competitive in the foreign and domestic markets. The goal was to be met at the expense of achieving the world level of engineering and economic indices and safety criteria accepted by the international energy community. With this goal in mind, the design requirements of the AES-2006 of 1100-1200 MW per unit were set to allow construction of 2-3 Units per year with commissioning of the lead Unit at the beginning of 2013 at the latest. Following the evolutionary approach to design, the fundamental design features, the calculations and experimental verification of the V-320, V-392 reactors were used in the development of the basic design of the AES-2006 reactor unit. In addition, the whole operations feedback experience from the VVER-1000 Reactor units was also incorporated. The primary sites for implementation of the AES-2006 design were designated in Russia: -Novovoronezh NPP (NVNPP-2), General Design Organization is 'Atomenergoproekt' (AEP), Moscow; -Leningrad NPP (LNPP-2), General designer is 'St. Petersburg Atomenergoproekt' (SPb AEP), Saint Petersburg.

  17. Russia-China Trade Witnesses The Best Period——Interview with Sergey TSYPLAKOV, Trade Representative of the Russian Federation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yongjian; Li Yinghong

    2006-01-01

    @@ The Russian Federation and the P.R. China have a long standing friendship, which has been highly praised from generation to generation. During recent years, the close bilateral political relations and high-level government visits between the two countries have made solid foundations for promoting bilateral economic and trade cooperation. In 2006, China is celebrating Russia Year, in 2007 Russia will celebrate China Year, giving unprecedented opportunities for the promotion of trade and investment cooperation between the two countries. In August, China's Foreign Trade interviewed Sergey TSYPLAKOV, Trade Representative for the Russian Federation (of Minister Rank), he stated: "The bilateral economic and trade cooperation between Russia and China has never been better!"

  18. RADIATION MONITORING EXECUTED BY THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION SUBJECT TERRITORIES IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE RADIATION HYGIENIC PASSPORTISATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. N. Barkovsky

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the issues of radiation monitoring management, done by the Russian Federation subject territories for the assessment of population radiation safety conditions and filling the radiation hygienic passport of the territory. An algorithm of generalized assessment of the radiation monitoring done by the territories is proposed based on the considerations of the scope of measurements and necessity of getting of all foreseen by the territory radiation hygienic passport values. Comparative analysis of radiation monitoring according to the data from radiation hygienic passports dated by 2009 is done with the use of proposed algorithm. On the base of this assessment Russian Federation subject territories were selected, which radiation monitoring were considered as unsatisfactory and needs serious improvement.

  19. Matters of Responsibility for Marine Pollution under the Legislation of the Russian Federation. (Review of the Main Legislative Acts)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kolodkin, A.L.; Kulistikova, O.V.; Mokhova, E.M.

    1997-12-31

    International Northern Sea Route Programme, INSROP, is a five-year multilateral research programme. The main phase of the programme started in 1993. The three principal cooperating partners are research institutes in Russia, Japan and Norway. The aim of INSROP is to build up a knowledge base to provide foundation for a long-term planning and decision making by state agencies and private companies etc., for purposes of promoting rational decision making on the use of the Northern Sea route for transit and regional development. This report reviews the main legislative acts of former USSR and the Russian Federation, systematized by the responsibility types: (1) civil (property), (2) criminal and (3) administrative. It also discusses the issues of responsibility for marine pollution in accordance with the draft of the new Merchant Shipping Code of the Russian Federation, which contains sections on liability for damage caused by oil pollution from ships or by transport of hazardous and noxious substances by sea. 18 refs.

  20. Principles and Tasks of the New Regulatory System for Radioactive Waste Management in the Russian Federation - 12020

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This year the Federal Law 'On Radioactive Waste management' was adopted in the Russian Federation. The law significantly changes the existing radioactive waste management regulatory system and assigns a lot of new tasks in order to implement new principles and overcome inevitable respective difficulties. Nuclear Safety Institute was largely involved in the process of the development of the law as well as its further co-ordination among the stakeholders, during which some important initial provisions were excluded. In the paper special features of the Russian safety regulation system for radioactive waste management are analyzed. Most significant requirements adopted by the law as well as tasks and expected difficulties related to its implementation are discussed. (authors)

  1. THE POSITION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY ON THE BALTIC REPUBLICS’ (LATVIA, LITHUANIA, ESTONIA JOINING THE EUROPEAN UNION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariya Dmitrievna Portnyagina

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Enlargement of the EU in 2004 was of great significance not only for the EU members, but for the Russian Federation as the candidates were former USSR republics and countries that had been under the influence of the USSR.  The purpose of this article is to uncover the attitude of Russian and German officials to Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia’s joining the EU. The study uses the methods of historicism and objectivity as its basis. A regional approach that describes the development of the region into global political process is used.The author proves that Russia has underestimated the consequence of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia’s joining the EU. The Russian Federation made the hasty judgement that the Baltic countries’ joining the EU would automatically solve the bilateral problems in relations between Russia, Latvia, Lithiania and Estonia. Russian politicians failed to detect negative economic consequences, which the Baltic states’ joining the European Union brought about. The position of the German government was ambiguous. It was impacted by the obligations within its role as the ‘motor’ of European integration, but also had to consider the direct interests of the Federal Republic of Germany.  The German ruling coalition by morally supporting the intention of the Baltic Republics to join the EU delegated the role of an ‘advocate’ of newly independent republics to the northern European countries while taking the right to defend primarily national interests of the Federal Republic of Germany.The materials of the study can be used for further research of the history of the Baltic Region, in lectures and special courses.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-7-32

  2. 77 FR 72820 - Hot-Rolled Flat-Rolled Carbon-Quality Steel Products From the Russian Federation; 2010-2011...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ... Russian Federation (``The Economy Ministry of Russia'') initialed a draft revision to the Agreement which... draft revision. On November 30, 2012, the Department and The Economy Ministry of Russia signed the final... the record on July 16, 2012. The Economy Ministry of Russia, the Russian producers and the...

  3. Concept Of The Public Safety In The Russian Federation As A Legal Measure Of The Educational Institutions (Organizations) Security

    OpenAIRE

    Nikolay A. Chesnokov

    2014-01-01

    In the present article author researches basic positions presented in the Concept of Public Security in the Russian Federation and focused on the educational institutions (organizations). Author analyzes main sources of threat to the public security: the threat of a criminal nature; terrorist threats; extremist activity; increase in the number of crimes; complication of the crime situation; increase in the number of criminals; high levels of corruption; illegal migration; internal migration; ...

  4. Internet Search Patterns of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and the Digital Divide in the Russian Federation: Infoveillance Study

    OpenAIRE

    Zheluk, Andrey; Quinn, Casey; Hercz, Daniel; Gillespie, James A

    2013-01-01

    Background Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a serious health problem in the Russian Federation. However, the true scale of HIV in Russia has long been the subject of considerable debate. Using digital surveillance to monitor diseases has become increasingly popular in high income countries. But Internet users may not be representative of overall populations, and the characteristics of the Internet-using population cannot be directly ascertained from search pattern data. This exploratory ...

  5. Medical irradiation risk assessment based on the data of radiation-hygienic passportization in the regions of the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    V. Ju. Golikov

    2015-01-01

    This article is aimed at methodology development for collective risk assessment of medical irradiation, basing on results of radiation-hygienic passportization in the Russian Federation regions, i.e. using values of collective effective doses for big groups of medical technologies: photoroentgenography, roentgenography, roentgenoscopy, and computer tomography. Use of the effective dose concept for medical irradiation risk definition involves a number of essential restrictions. Age and sex of ...

  6. Russia position on the problems of nuclear safety, formulated by the Russian Federation president at the Moscow summit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Information published by the Russian Federation president press service relating to position of Russia on nuclear safety problems stated by the RF president at a Moscow summit is provided. The following conditions shall be complied with as mandatory ones: unconditional observance of nuclear safety principles; reliable safeguards for nuclear weapons non-proliferation conditions; prevention of illegal turnover of nuclear materials and uncontrolled propagation of nuclear technologies

  7. Cost-effectiveness analysis of tuberculosis control policies in Ivanovo Oblast, Russian Federation. Ivanovo Tuberculosis Project Study Group.

    OpenAIRE

    Migliori, G. B.; Khomenko, A. G.; Punga, V. V.; Ambrosetti, M.; Danilova, I.; Ribka, L. N.; Grzemska, M.; Sawert, H.; Raviglione, M C

    1998-01-01

    Many of the current tuberculosis control programmes in the Russian Federation are based on costly strategies which are underfunded and use long, individualized treatment regimens. This article compares, using a cost-effectiveness analysis, the new WHO strategy implemented in the Ivanovo Oblast (case-finding among symptomatic patients (SCF) and shorter regimens) and the old strategy (active screening of the asymptomatic population (ACF) and longer regimens). The cost per case cured was calcula...

  8. Accelerating the design and testing of LEU fuel assemblies for conversion of Russian-designed research reactors outside Russia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper identifies proposed geometries and loading specifications of LEU tube-type and pin-type test assemblies that would be suitable for accelerating the conversion of Russian-designed research reactors outside of Russia if these fuels are manufactured, qualified by irradiation testing, and made commercially available in Russia. (author)

  9. Franco-Russian comparison of mixed neutron and gamma radiation field dosimeters at the Silene reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper gives the results of dosimetry measurements carried out in the Silene reactor at Valduc (France) with neutron and photon dosimeters in mixed neutron and gamma radiation fields, in the frame of a Franco-Russian comparison of dosimeters. Neutron dosimetry was supplied by passive semiconductors, activation detectors and nuclear track detectors. For photon dosimetry, thermoluminescent and passive semiconductor detectors were used. The experiments were located at 3 m from the reactor core, in free air and also at the front and back of a tissue-equivalent phantom. The pulse operating mode of the reactor was used to simulate a criticality accident with solid fissile material, while the free evolution mode simulated a criticality accident in a fissile solution. The photon absorbed dose showed a slight increase on entering the phantom compared to measurements in free air, probably due to backscattering by the phantom. At the rear of the phantom, the neutron kerma was four times lower than on the front, whereas the photon dose was only two times lower. The heterogeneity of dose inside the phantom was far greater for neutrons than for photons

  10. Steam water cycle chemistry of liquid metal cooled innovative nuclear power reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Federal Target Program (FTP) of Russian Federation 'Nuclear Energy Technologies of the New Generation for 2010-2015 and for Perspective up to 2020' is aimed at development of advanced nuclear energy technologies on the basis of closed fuel cycle with fast reactors. There are advanced fast reactor technologies of the 4. generation with liquid metal cooled reactors. Development stages of maturity of fast sodium cooled reactor technology in Russia includes experimental reactors BR-5/10 (1958-2002) and BOR-60 (since 1969), nuclear power plants (NPPs) with BN-350 (1972-1999), BN-600 (since 1980), BN-800 (under construction), BN-1200 (under development). Further stage of development of fast sodium cooled reactor technology in Russia is commercialization. Lead-bismuth eutectic fast reactor technology has been proven at industrial scale for nuclear submarines in former Soviet Union. Lead based technology is currently under development and need for experimental justification. Current status and prospects of State Corporation 'Rosatom' participation in GIF activities was clarified at the 31. Meeting of Policy Group of the International Forum 'Generation-IV', Moscow, May 12-13, 2011. In June, 2010, 'Rosatom' joined the Sodium Fast Reactor Arrangement as an authorized representative of the Russian Government. It was also announced the intention of 'Rosatom' to sign the Memorandum on Lead Fast Reactor based on Russia's experience with lead-bismuth and lead cooled fast reactors. In accordance with the above FTP some innovative liquid metal cooled reactors of different design are under development in Russia. Gidropress, well known as WER designer, develops innovative lead-bismuth eutectic cooled reactor SVBR-100. NIKIET develops innovative lead cooled reactor BRESTOD-300. Some other nuclear scientific centres are also involved in this activity, e.g. Research and Development Institute for Power Engineering (RDIPE). Optimum

  11. Understanding HIV Risk Behavior among Tuberculosis Patients with Alcohol Use Disorders in Tomsk, Russian Federation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Ann C; Nelson, A Katrina; Livchits, Viktoria; Greenfield, Shelly F; Yanova, Galina; Yanov, Sergei; Connery, Hilary S; Atwood, Sidney; Lastimoso, Charmaine S; Shin, Sonya S

    2016-01-01

    Russian Federation's (RF) HIV epidemic is the fastest growing of any country. This study explores factors associated with high HIV risk behavior in tuberculosis (TB) patients with alcohol use disorders in Tomsk, RF. This analysis was nested within the Integrated Management of Physician-delivered Alcohol Care for TB Patients (IMPACT, trial number NCT00675961) randomized controlled study of integrating alcohol treatment into TB treatment in Tomsk. Demographics, HIV risk behavior (defined as participant report of high-risk intravenous drug use and/or multiple sexual partners with inconsistent condom use in the last six months), clinical data, alcohol use, depression and psychosocial factors were collected from 196 participants (161 male and 35 female) at baseline. Forty-six participants (23.5%) endorsed HIV risk behavior at baseline. Incarceration history(Odds Ratio (OR)3.93, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.95, 7.95), age under 41 (OR:2.97, CI:1.46, 6.04), drug addiction(OR: 3.60 CI:1.10, 11.77), history of a sexually transmitted disease(STD)(OR 2.00 CI:1.02, 3.90), low social capital (OR:2.81 CI:0.99, 8.03) and heavier alcohol use (OR:2.56 CI: 1.02, 6.46) were significantly more likely to be associated with HIV risk behavior at baseline. In adjusted analysis, age under 41(OR: 4.93, CI: 2.10, 11.58), incarceration history(OR: 3.56 CI:1.55, 8.17) and STD history (OR: 3.48, CI: 1.5, 8.10) continued to be significantly associated with HIV risk behavior. Understanding HIV transmission dynamics in Russia remains an urgent priority to inform strategies to address the epidemic. Larger studies addressing sex differences in risks and barriers to protective behavior are needed. PMID:26871943

  12. Recommendations on health care and medical monitoring to the governments of Belarus, Russian Federation and Ukraine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The following recommendations on health care and medical monitoring to the governments of Belarus, Russian Federation and Ukraine were presented: Continue annual medicals, including cardiovascular exams, on ARS survivors. Reconsider medical follow-up of persons exposed to < 1 Gy. Such follow-up programs are very unlikely to be cost-effective use funds saved to improve general health care programs, continue thyroid cancer screening for adults exposed as children, but evaluate this at intervals for cost-benefit and expected number of cases. Maintain high quality cancer registries to assist allocate public health resources and research. Monitor incidence rates of childhood leukaemia in highly exposed populations. Continue eye examinations in highly exposed populations; new information on radiation-induced cataracts at lower doses may come. Continue local registers on reproductive effects; may not be useful for research but may reassure the population. Inform local populations of the Forum results, including through health care professionals Chernobyl. Some key questions to follow-up: What will be the incidence of various cancers in highly exposed Chernobyl populations (emergency workers and resident of highly contaminated territories)? Will there be an excess risk of thyroid cancers in adults? What are the uncertainties in the estimates of thyroid doses? What is the role of radiation on the induction of cardiovascular disease? Studies should be conducted under a joint protocol with the 3 affected countries participating cooperatively. What is the effect of high doses of radiation on the immune. WHO will continue to participate in activities related to the health consequences and research. The Chernobyl Forum's goals of providing scientifically sound information and recommendations to the affected governments on how to provide more effective health care is a good model that should be used for other large accident areas

  13. Understanding HIV Risk Behavior among Tuberculosis Patients with Alcohol Use Disorders in Tomsk, Russian Federation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann C Miller

    Full Text Available Russian Federation's (RF HIV epidemic is the fastest growing of any country. This study explores factors associated with high HIV risk behavior in tuberculosis (TB patients with alcohol use disorders in Tomsk, RF. This analysis was nested within the Integrated Management of Physician-delivered Alcohol Care for TB Patients (IMPACT, trial number NCT00675961 randomized controlled study of integrating alcohol treatment into TB treatment in Tomsk. Demographics, HIV risk behavior (defined as participant report of high-risk intravenous drug use and/or multiple sexual partners with inconsistent condom use in the last six months, clinical data, alcohol use, depression and psychosocial factors were collected from 196 participants (161 male and 35 female at baseline. Forty-six participants (23.5% endorsed HIV risk behavior at baseline. Incarceration history(Odds Ratio (OR3.93, 95% confidence interval (CI 1.95, 7.95, age under 41 (OR:2.97, CI:1.46, 6.04, drug addiction(OR: 3.60 CI:1.10, 11.77, history of a sexually transmitted disease(STD(OR 2.00 CI:1.02, 3.90, low social capital (OR:2.81 CI:0.99, 8.03 and heavier alcohol use (OR:2.56 CI: 1.02, 6.46 were significantly more likely to be associated with HIV risk behavior at baseline. In adjusted analysis, age under 41(OR: 4.93, CI: 2.10, 11.58, incarceration history(OR: 3.56 CI:1.55, 8.17 and STD history (OR: 3.48, CI: 1.5, 8.10 continued to be significantly associated with HIV risk behavior. Understanding HIV transmission dynamics in Russia remains an urgent priority to inform strategies to address the epidemic. Larger studies addressing sex differences in risks and barriers to protective behavior are needed.

  14. Complete characteristics of rating estimations economic development of subjects of the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khamid Nurislamovich Gizatullin

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper allocates complete characteristics of indicators of economic development of subjects of the Russian Federation. Their system representation has appeared more informative, than system of simple social and economic indexes as allows reflecting variety of communications between them, providing preserving and development of researched objects. It is established that at deterioration of state of the economy of regions of their structure change the role in formation of base indicators. At the first stage it is expressed by change of a vector of development with an opposite direction; on the second — in transition from an optimum condition of available structures on periphery; on the third — in the termination of their participation in forming of under laying echelons. At transition of subsystems of social and economic indexes from the first on the second echelon the contribution of the moved potential from structures «resource-product» and «process» for elements of activization increases, for structures «object», on the contrary, decreases, while for final elements the opposite situation is observed. As approaching the top echelon there is a reduction of interaction of base indicators from structures «resource-product» and «process», and on the contrary, growth to structures «object». The conclusion is drawn that successful social and economic activity of regions is determined by synchronous interaction of all allocated structures («resource-product», «process» and «object». Use of the offered algorithm on the basis of complete characteristics allows not only to find out problem regions, but also shows possibility of management on the basis of revealed statistical regularities their condition by forming of optimum mutual relations between the allocated subsystems and, finally, creation of the big possibilities for realization of the having potential

  15. Stable isotope characterization of fluids from the Lake Chany complex, western Siberia, Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Lake Chany complex and nearby lakes in western Siberia (Russian Federation) were studied to constrain the S cycle in these terrestrial lake environments. Surface water chemistry was characterized by Na-SO4-Cl composition, comparable to other inland basins in semi-arid climatic zones associated with marine evaporite-bearing formations at depth. Dissolved sulfates showed elevated δ34S (up to +32.3 per mille ). These values are quite distinct from those in similar saline lakes in northern Kazakhstan, the Aral Sea, Lake Barhashi, and a gypsum deposit in the Altai Mountains. The localized distribution of such a unique S isotopic signature in dissolved SO4 negates both aeolian and catastrophic flooding hypotheses previously suggested for the genesis of the dissolved salts. The probable source of the dissolved SO4 in Lake Chany basin is inherited from hidden saline groundwaters (whose location and origins remain unclear) from eastern Paleozoic ranges with Upper Devonian formations with heavy S isotope values. Post-depositional enrichment of heavy S in the dissolved SO4 from saline sediments may be caused by local activity of SO4-reducing bacteria under the ambient supply of electron donors (dissolved river load organic matter and decaying bacterial mats) in the lake complex. Such microbial processes can remove up to ca. 60% of SO4 from the system. Extensive and intensive evaporation of lake fluids, ca. 40%, was indicated by the progressive enrichment of δ18O values in meteoric water samples collected along the river and lake system. This evaporation process compensates the microbial loss of SO4 dissolved in the incoming river water

  16. [Reliability of the Search for 19 Common Mutations in the CFTR Gene in Russian Cystic Fibrosis Patients and the Calculated Frequency of the Disease in Russian Federation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stepanova, A A; Krasovsky, S A; Polyakov, A V

    2016-02-01

    A study of Russian cystic fibrosis (CF) patient DNA was conducted to assess the incidence frequency of 19 mutations, namely CFTRdele2,3(21kb), F508del, I507del, 1677delTA, 2143delT, 2184insA, 394delTT, 3821delT, L138ins, 604insA, 3944delGT, G542X, W128X, N1303K, R334W, and 3849+10kbC>T, S1196X, 621+1g>t, and E92K of the CFTR gene. We also sought to determine the estimated CF frequency in Russian Federation. In addition, we determined the total information content of the approach for 19 common mutations registration in the CFTR gene, 84.6%, and the allelic frequencies of the examined mutations: three mutations were observed with a frequency exceeding 5% (F508del, 53.98%, E92K, 6.47%, CFTRdele2,3(21kb), 5.35%); other mutations were observed with frequencies ranging from 0.13% to 3.0%. The CF population carrier frequency was 1 in 38 subjects, while the predicted CF frequency was 1 in 5776 newborns. PMID:27215038

  17. Communication from the Permanent Missions of the Russian Federation and the United States of America regarding a joint statement on nuclear cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Secretariat has received a communication from the Permanent Missions of the Russian Federation and the United States of America, transmitting the text of the Joint Statement by the Presidents of the Russian Federation and the United States of America on Nuclear Cooperation issued on 6 July 2009 in Moscow. As requested in that communication, the abovementioned statement is herewith circulated for the information of all Member States

  18. Comparison of radioactive doses after the last protection layer insight the reactor structure for Russian VVER-1000 and German PWR-1300 reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In pressurized reactors (VVER and PWR), various protections layers are used for reducing the output core doses. At any protection layer, some amount of neutron and gamma doses is reduced. In this project the axial flux of neutron and gamma beams have been evaluated at various protection layers in the operation state the German PWR-1300 and Russian VVER-1000 reactors by the MCNP computer code. For the purpose of effective use of the MCNP code and assuring its correct performance about of fluxed beams common and series of scientific answers and bench marks should be considered and the results obtained by the MCNP code, be compared with this answers. Then by using appropriate method, for reducing the flux variants of neutron and gamma beams at various protection layers of German PWR-1300 and Russian VVER-1000 reactors of the operation state of both reactors have been accelerated. In this projects, bench marks are computations and numbers existing in PSAR's present at Bushehr nuclear power plant. At the end, by using the results obtained and the standard doses, the time which a person can have work activity at the reactor wall (after the last protection layer), was compared for the operation status of the German PWR-1300 and Russian VVER-1000 reactors

  19. The state control of radioecological danger of the sunken and scuttled nuclear objects on the sea bottom in Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the bottom of World ocean there is the significant number of underwater potentially dangerous objects (PDO): nuclear submarines; diesel submarines with nuclear weapon; solid radioactive waste; chemical weapon; petroleum and gas pipelines (including perspective); sunken ships with petroleum and other dangerous loads. For nuclear objects is developed a model for estimating the radioecological consequences of the release of radionuclides to the marine environment. The model is practically used at fulfilment of the program of researches on the sunken nuclear submarine Komsomolets'. Under orders of Ministry of extreme situations of Russia the experts from naval research institutes have carried out the analysis and expert estimation of potentially dangerous objects, being at the sea bottom and belonging to Russian Federation. The first turn of a databank about PDO is created. Classification of PDO on a degree of danger on three categories is developed: 1-(extremely dangerous), 11-(highly dangerous), 111-(middle dangerous). Offers on priorities of work on underwater potentially dangerous objects are reasonable. Is shown, that forwarding inspections of places of probable radioactive pollution in the Arctic seas and places of wreck of nuclear submarines 'K-8'(1960), 'K-219'(1986), 'K-27'(1968) are first of all expedient. Received data have allowed to prove necessity of development of the federal law about safety underwater potentially dangerous objects in the seas, international agreements concerning the control for similar objects. Is reasonable is necessary development the bills of Government of Russian Federation, in particular about the status about declaration of safety of underwater potentially dangerous objects and about the responsibility for these objects. The Ministry of extreme situations of Russia in 1999 has organized special commission with the representatives of all interested ministries for development of the coordinated approach to creation of the state

  20. Defense Industry of the Russian Federation at the End of 20th-Beginning of the 21st Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonovich Aleksandr Nikolaevich

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In the developed countries claiming for global leadership permanent military and industrial complexes were formed. These complexes produce high-tech products and play the key system-forming role in the economies of their states. Country’s position in world economy as well as its position at the weapons and military equipment market depends on the military and industrial complexes development. At the end of the 20th century, there had been great changes in the military and industrial complex of the Russian Federation. Drastic remission and demerger accompanied these changes unlike those in the Unites States and Western Europe. These processes were determined by inconsiderate defense conversion, reduction of expenses and the loss of weapons and military equipment production. At the beginning of the 21st century, Russian Federation government has changed its attitude towards the military and industrial complex. Main directions of surmounting the crisis were found through creation of military and industrial corporations, increase of state defense order in the favor of national Armed Forces. Development of state-owned corporations and significant increase in financial allocations for state defense order promoted the growth of military and industrial companies’ activity and rise in weapons and military equipment export. All above-listed processes of Russian military and industrial complexes predetermined the scientific and pragmatic interest for this research.

  1. Communication dated 2 April 2009 received from the Permanent Missions of the Russian Federation and the United States of America regarding a joint statement by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and U.S. President Barack Obama

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Secretariat has received a communication dated 2 April 2009 from the Permanent Missions of the Russian Federation and the United States of America, transmitting to the attention of all Member States of the IAEA a joint statement by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and U.S. President Barack Obama issued on 1 April 2009. As requested in that communication, the attached statement is herewith circulated for the information of all Member States

  2. The current state of the Russian reduced enrichment research reactors program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aden, V.G.; Kartashov, E.F.; Lukichev, V.A. [and others

    1997-08-01

    During the last year after the 16-th International Conference on Reducing Fuel Enrichment in Research Reactors held in October, 1993 in Oarai, Japan, the conclusive stage of the Program on reducing fuel enrichment (to 20% in U-235) in research reactors was finally made up in Russia. The Program was started late in 70th and the first stage of the Program was completed by 1986 which allowed to reduce fuel enrichment from 80-90% to 36%. The completion of the Program current stage, which is counted for 5-6 years, will exclude the use of the fuel enriched by more than 20% from RF to other countries such as: Poland, Czeck Republick, Hungary, Roumania, Bulgaria, Libya, Viet-Nam, North Korea, Egypt, Latvia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. In 1994 the Program, approved by RF Minatom authorities, has received the status of an inter-branch program since it was admitted by the RF Ministry for Science and Technical Policy. The Head of RF Minatom central administrative division N.I.Ermakov was nominated as the Head of the Russian Program, V.G.Aden, RDIPE Deputy Director, was nominated as the scientific leader. The Program was submitted to the Commission for Scientific, Technical and Economical Cooperation between USA and Russia headed by Vice-President A. Gore and Prime Minister V. Chemomyrdin and was given support also.

  3. The current state of the Russian reduced enrichment research reactors program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the last year after the 16-th International Conference on Reducing Fuel Enrichment in Research Reactors held in October, 1993 in Oarai, Japan, the conclusive stage of the Program on reducing fuel enrichment (to 20% in U-235) in research reactors was finally made up in Russia. The Program was started late in 70th and the first stage of the Program was completed by 1986 which allowed to reduce fuel enrichment from 80-90% to 36%. The completion of the Program current stage, which is counted for 5-6 years, will exclude the use of the fuel enriched by more than 20% from RF to other countries such as: Poland, Czeck Republick, Hungary, Roumania, Bulgaria, Libya, Viet-Nam, North Korea, Egypt, Latvia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. In 1994 the Program, approved by RF Minatom authorities, has received the status of an inter-branch program since it was admitted by the RF Ministry for Science and Technical Policy. The Head of RF Minatom central administrative division N.I.Ermakov was nominated as the Head of the Russian Program, V.G.Aden, RDIPE Deputy Director, was nominated as the scientific leader. The Program was submitted to the Commission for Scientific, Technical and Economical Cooperation between USA and Russia headed by Vice-President A. Gore and Prime Minister V. Chemomyrdin and was given support also

  4. The review of fuel types for Russian research reactors. Their fabrication and quality control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design of tubular fuel elements (FEs) for research reactor fuel assemblies (FAs) is considered. Commercial extrusion and annular-type technologies for tubular FE fabrication are described. 'Extrusion' technology is based on fabrication of tubular billet of fuel core by means of powder metallurgy followed by hot extrusion of fuel core tubular billet and tubular cladding billet. The process is completed with FE assembly operation. 'Annular' technology is based on fuel core fabrication using powder metallurgy followed by chemical treatment of fuel core surface and fuel core insertion into the cladding. The list of FE and FA control operations to check their conformance to the required quality level is given. The most common FA designs (WWR-M2, WWR-M5, IRT-2M, IRT-3M, MR, MIR, WWR-TS, IVV-2M, IVV-10, TWR-S, IR-100) for research reactors built according to the Russian projects are described. The Quality Assurance System in operation at 'Novosibirsk' Chemical Concentrates Plant' is presented. (author)

  5. Irradiation, Annealing, and Reirradiation Effects on American and Russian Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the options to mitigate the effects of irradiation on reactor pressure vessels (RPVs) is to thermally anneal them to restore the toughness properties that have been degraded by neutron irradiation. Even though a postirradiation anneal may be deemed successful, a critical aspect of continued RPV operation is the rate of embrittlement upon reirradiation. There are insufficient data available to allow for verification of available models of reirradiation embrittlement or for the development of a reliable predictive methodology. This is especially true in the case of fracture toughness data. Under the U.S.-Russia Joint Coordinating Committee for Civilian Nuclear Reactor Safety (JCCCNRS), Working Group 3 on Radiation Embrittlement, Structural Integrity, and Life Extension of Reactor Vessels and Supports agreed to conduct a comparative study of annealing and reirradiation effects on RPV steels. The Working Group agreed that each side would irradiate, anneal, reirradiate (if feasible ), and test two materials of the other. Charpy V-notch (CVN) and tensile specimens were included. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) conducted such a program (irradiation and annealing, including static fracture toughness) with two weld metals representative of VVER-440 and VVER-1000 RPVs, while the Russian Research Center-Kurchatov Institute (RRC-KI) conducted a program (irradiation, annealing, reirradiation, and reannealing) with Heavy-Section Steel Technology (HSST) Program Plate 02 and Heavy-Section Steel Irradiation (HSSI) Program Weld 73W. The results for each material from each laboratory are compared with those from the other laboratory. The ORNL experiments with the VVER welds included irradiation to about 1 x 1019 n/cm2 (>1 MeV), while the RRC-KI experiments with the U.S. materials included irradiations from about 2 to 18 x 1019 n/cm2 (>l MeV). In both cases, irradiations were conducted at ∼290 C and annealing treatments were conducted at ∼454 C. The ORNL and RRC

  6. Reperfusion therapy for ischemic stroke in the Russian Federation: Problems and promises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.A. Shamalov

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Current technologies for treating ischemic stroke (IS within the first 4.5 hours after its onset involve highly effective brain substance reperfusion techniques (thrombolytic therapy (TLT aimed at restoring blood flow in the affected vessel. There has been a substantial increase in the number of systemic TLT procedures after establishing stroke subdivisions as part of regional vascular centers and primary vascular departments in our country. In the past 5 years, the number of IS patients undergoing systemic thrombolysis has virtually risen 10-fold. In 2009–2013, the primary and regional centers of the Russian Federation performed 10,718 systemic TLT procedures mainly in patients with moderate stroke. The further increase in the number of reperfusion procedures in IS patients is hindered by the fact that they seek medical advice too late for acute cerebrovascular attack (ACVA because the population has low medical knowledge (therefore education campaigns are so important for the population to increase its awareness of the signs of ACVA, prehospital delays and problems, poor organization of hospital admission (delays in diagnostic procedures.It is important that the patients should be admitted to specialized ACVA departments as soon as possible. According to the AHA/ASA guidelines, the time between admission and TLT initiation (door-to-needle time should not exceed 60 minutes. The major factors influencing the door-to-needle time are as follows: the time between admission and neurological examination, that between neuroimaging and its results, that of examination of necessary laboratory findings, that between admission and transfer to an intensive care unit after computed tomography. One may identify the following quality indices of the procedures (necessary diagnostic, therapeutic, and other interventions, which negatively affect the safety and efficiency of TLT: errors in determining contraindications to reperfusion, noncompliance with the

  7. The Ministry of the Russian Federation for Atomic Energy, the State Scientific Center of Russian Federation, A.I.Leipunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering, Nuclear Physics Department annual report 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report contains 69 abstracts or short communications on the research activities in 1998 of the Nuclear Physics Department of the Institute for Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk, Russian Federation. The papers are grouped in nine chapters: Nuclear fission (5), Nuclear structure and nuclear reactions (6), Nuclear data (14), Transmutation (4), Condensed matter physics (10), Mathematical modelling (14), Applied research (7), High-voltage accelerators (6), and Instruments and methods (4). A separate indexing was provided for each paper. The report also includes a presentation of the department structure, and accelerator complex, list of publications, participation in international and national conferences and meetings, cooperation

  8. Analysis of the Retail Trade and Automotive Industry in the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilya Bolotov

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The article examines recent developments in the Russian retail trade and automobile industry as in the two very dynamic sectors of the Russian economy by stating and forecasting sales trends, presenting main market participants, shares of business forms and deducing perspectives for Central and Eastern European investors. The author uses a standard methodology for description of industries and one- and multi-dimensional time series models for forecasts and analysis. The article’s main benefit for Central and Eastern European managers is its concise and up-to-date description of the both sectors of the Russian economy, which is not easily accessible for foreigners due language barriers and marketing agencies’ fees.

  9. Game theory methods in interactions between real and financial sectors in Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The main target of the article is to adapt standard methods of the game theory to analysis of interactions between real and financial sectors in Russian economy. There are three models that include: Forecast of the future loan rate in the situation of short-term immediate decision from both sectors; Forecast of the future deposit rate in the situation of subsequent decision from both sectors; Forecast of the future loan rate that is determined during the process of interactions between different bank groups. These models allow to present another motivated point of view on development of Russian economy and creates a huge potential for further research.

  10. Results and tasks of the implementation of federal target programs aimed at overcoming the consequences of radiation accidents and catastrophes in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Major results are presented on the implementation of federal target programs on overcoming the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, radiation accidents and incidents at the 'Mayak' Industrial Association, nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk test site in the period of 1992-2000. The status of the standards and legislation regulating the activities aimed at population protection and rehabilitation of territories is analyzed. The current state of the problem is evaluated. The proposals are laid down for major directions of the state policy of the Russian Federation in overcoming the consequences of radiation accidents for the period until 2010, and the outlook for the efforts in the above domain and the above period is given. About 130 thousand square kilometers of the territories of 20 Russian Federation subjects with a population of around 4 million people were affected by accidents at nuclear fuel cycle sites/facilities, and nuclear and hydrogen weapons tests. The accidents entailed a host of grave radioecological, medical, demographic, and socio-economic consequences, exerted a significant unfavorable impact upon the socio-economic development of the affected territories. (author)

  11. Remarks by the Minister of the Russian Federation for Atomic Energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Russian Federation, as one of the major manufacturers and consumers, as well as an exporter and importer, of ionizing radiation sources, has always taken great care with all the safety and security aspects of managing this kind of product.The same is true of the former Soviet Union.This attention to safety and security arises from a developed legal base, including provision for action against the illegal purchase, storage, use, transfer or destruction of radioactive materials. The licensing of activities in the field of radioactive substance management stands in the way of uncontrolled proliferation of radioactive substances and radiation sources. The licence holder is obliged, among other things, to properly dispose of radioactive substances which are of no further use, to be accountable for the control, safe storage and physical protection of radiation sources, etc. At the same time, in discussing the issue of the safe and secure use of isotope products in the 'global' sense, we must admit the obvious: this is an issue of urgency for a number of reasons. One reason is the threat posed by different terrorist organizations in the world, and another the disintegration of the former Soviet Union that led to a loss of control of sources, and in some cases to the loss of sources as such. In addition, after the break-up of the former Soviet Union, new government control systems for the location and transport of radioactive and nuclear materials in the separate independent States had to be developed afresh, which allowed an opportunity for a variety of unprecedented criminal offences, including those with radioactive sources. Growing terrorism also led the world community to re-evaluate the threat of the use of biological, chemical and radiological materials by different terrorist organizations, religious extremists and criminals. As a direct result, a tripartite initiative (Russian Federation-USA-IAEA) to increase the level of safety and security of radioactive

  12. Communication received from the Resident Representatives of the Russian Federation and the United States of America to the IAEA enclosing the text of a declaration on nuclear energy and nonproliferation joint actions, and the text of a joint statement by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Sergey Lavrov, and U.S. Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Director General has received a communication dated 10 July 2007 from the Resident Representatives of the Russian Federation and the United States of America with the attachments of a Declaration on Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation Joint Actions published by the Russian Federation and the United States of America on 3 July 2007; and the text of a Joint Statement by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Sergey Lavrov and U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. As requested in that communication, the letter and its attachments are circulated for the information of Member States

  13. First International Conference of the European Commission, Belarus, Russian Federation and Ukraine on the radiological consequences of the Chernobyl accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The First International Conference of European Commission, Belarus, Russian Federation and Ukraine on the radiological consequences of the Chernobyl accident has been held in Minsk, 18-22 March 1996. During the Conference 84 lectures as well as 74 posters have been presented. The most important problems connected with general topic was: the radiation contaminations and their measurements; environmental aspects and between them; radionuclide migration and remedial actions in contaminated areas; healthy consequences with irradiated people curing and epidemiology; thyroid neoplasms in children; organization rescue actions during future radiation disasters

  14. Ecological risk analysis as a key factor in environmental safety system development in the Arctic region of the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to specific natural and climatic conditions combined with human intervention, the Arctic is regarded as a highly sensitive region to any environmental pressures. Arctic projects require continuous environmental monitoring. This poses for the government of the Russian Federation (RF) a tremendous task concerning the formation and implementation of sustainable nature management policy within the international framework. The current article examines the basic constraints to the effective ecological safety system implementation in the Arctic region of the RF. The ecological risks and their effects which influence the sustainable development of the region were analyzed. The model of complex environmental safety system was proposed

  15. In the intermissions collected works on research into the essentials of theoretical physics in Russian Federal Nuclear Center, Arzamas-16

    CERN Document Server

    Trutnev, YA

    1998-01-01

    This book gives an account of the creative work of theorists at the largest Soviet secret laboratory, now the Russian Federal Nuclear Center at Arzamas-16, and concrete situations where some famous results on the essentials of theoretical physics emerged, so to speak, in the intermissions of the quest for bombs. The collection contains about 30 papers with brief comments. Some of them have received international recognition. But few people can conceive where they were written, since the publication of a paper by a secret physicist in a Soviet journal was supported by fictitious affiliations. O

  16. Scientists of Russian Federal Nuclear Centre - ARSRITP and arms control and nuclear weapons non-proliferation problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The activity of scientists of Russian Federal Nuclear Centre (RFNC) -ARSRITP in the field of nuclear disarmament control for the period of 1974 -1993 is discussed. RFNC - ARSRITP scientists in collaboration with american specialists have developed and employed in practice the techniques and equipment to control the bilateral Treaty on the limitation of Nuclear -Weapon Test. Experience of control over nuclear tests of threshold power and realization of new RFNC - ARSRITP scientific and technical projects have made a basis for development of measures and means of possible control methods to observe complete nuclear test ban

  17. International seminar on the safety research needs for Russian-designed reactors: material presented at the international seminar 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This seminar on international, national and bilateral cooperation programmes on the safety research needs for Russian-designed reactors was held in Tokyo, Japan (1997) and hosted by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the Science and Technology Agency (STA) of Japan. More than 70 participants attended the seminar. Represented were experts from OECD/NEA member countries and Russia, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the ISTC, the INSC and the Russian INSC. Eighteen papers were presented in five sessions. The seminar was structured around four main areas of cooperation: cooperative programmes of the OECD/NEA, programmes of international organisations, bi-lateral programmes, and national programmes of OECD/NEA member countries having reactors of the VVER type. General conclusions, followed by specific technical conclusions are included

  18. Experience of the Russian Federation in the field of the nuclear material control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper deals with the develop met of new approaches concerning safeguards for specific nuclear materials, specific facilities which used Russian technology and design and situation of storing the nuclear materials. The role od IAEA safeguards is emphasised in view of verification and inspection of all the related issues

  19. Use of Modern Methods of Credit Portfolio Risk Management in Commercial Banks of Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    Dmitrii S. Melnyk

    2013-01-01

    The article deals with the structure and factors of credit portfolio risk, analyses existing models of portfolio risk assessment and develops recommendations on the implementation of risk management adapted methods, presents recommendations on the optimization of the approach to credit risk minimization in Russian banking system.

  20. THE LEGAL REGULATION AND PRACTICE OF SOCIOLOGICAL SUPPORT OF THE CAMPAIGN FOR THE ELECTION OF DEPUTIES OF THE STATE DUMA OF THE FEDERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION ON DECEMBER 4, 2011 AND THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, ON MARCH 4, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria A. Gorbatova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The present material introduces a piece of information about the RussianElectionTechnologiesTrainingCenterun182 der the CEC ofRussiasociological forecasts’ competitions, organized during the State Duma of Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation deputies’ elections on December 4, 2011 and the President of the Russian Federation elections on March 4, 2012. Some legal aspects of sociological services’ activity within domestic electoral process, including the organization of so-called exit polls are enlightened. A number of theoretical approaches and methodological problems during forming electoral forecasts are reviewed in short. The author denotes a high interest of expert and sociological organizations into the domestic electoral sphere. The article is supplied with the necessary illustrative graphics.

  1. Imbalances of innovative industrial development of subjects of Federation, members of the Russian Arctic zone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zharov V. S.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The results of testing the previously developed methodological approach and methods of assessing the innovativeness level of the industrial development of the regions – subjects of the Federation (members of the Russian Arctic zone – on the basis of the calculation and analysis of scorecard values have been presented. It has been shown that during the years 2005–2013, the highest level of technological innovation of industrial development had been achieved in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia. Представлены результаты апробации разработанных ранее методологического подхода и методики оценки уровня инновационности промышленного развития регионов – субъектов Федерации, входящих в Арктическую зону РФ, – на основе расчета и анализа значений системы показателей. Показано, что в течение 2005–2013 гг. наиболее высокий уровень технологической инновационности промышленного развития достигнут в Республике Саха (Якутия

  2. Russian Federation; Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes: FATF Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2009-01-01

    This report focuses on the observance of standards and codes for the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF-40), recommendations for anti-money laundering (AML), and nine special recommendations combating the financing of terrorism (CFT) for the Russian Federation. Laundered money is often invested in real estate or security instruments. The report reveals that the Russian authorities are well aware of the money laundering (ML) and terrorist financing (TF) schemes used in Russi...

  3. CONTINUING ADULT EDUCATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AS A FACTOR OF IMPROVEMENT OF WELFARE AND QUALITY OF LIFE OF THE POPULATION

    OpenAIRE

    Irina Rudaya

    2015-01-01

    This study provides data on adult continuing education or lifelong learning in the Russian Federation, obtained through analyzing official statistics, as well as information and analytical outputs from international and Russian surveys. It contains data on education levels by age group, key employment indicators, and other data, indirectly reflecting the influence of education on welfare and life quality, and also data on the duration of lifelong learning and participation of adults in contin...

  4. DEVELOPMENT, PROSPECTS AND CONDITION OF DECENTRALIZED HEAT SUPPLY SYSTEMS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    OpenAIRE

    Khavanov Pavel Aleksandrovich

    2012-01-01

    Reform of the Russian housing sector contemplates power-saving actions. At the same time, new heat supply systems must be reliable and safe. Technical advantages of decentralized heat supply systems may launch a trend to independent heating systems if backed by substantial financial inflows. The authors provide statistic data and research findings of CNIIEP "Engineering Utilities" in the article. The analysis of peculiarities of the housing stock is made. The analysis of exi...

  5. On statistical researches of parliament elections in Russian Federation, 04.12.2011

    OpenAIRE

    Neretin, Yury

    2012-01-01

    There is a lot of statistical researches of Russian elections 04.12.2011. The purpose of this activity is to give a mathematical proof of large falsifications and to estimate possible 'real results of elections'. My purpose is to show that 1. Statistical argumentation allows to prove existence of falsifications and to give a lower estimate of falsification, near 1-2 percents. 2. Statistical proofs of stronger statements are incorrect from both points of view of mathematics and of natural scie...

  6. Energy strategy and mitigation potential in energy sector of the Russian federation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yakovlev, A.F.; Petrov, V.N.; Chupyatov, V.P.

    1996-12-31

    This paper describes the mitigation potential in the Russian energy sector and presents CO{sub 2} - emission scenarios. Based on the Russian energy strategy, energy conservation potential has been estimated and three groups of energy conservation measures have been pointed out. Taking into account the economic development scenarios and the scenarios of energy consumption and energy conservation, future CO{sub 2} emission scenarios for 2000 and 2010 have been prepared. Some important characteristics of these scenarios have been presented and discussed. For the period 2000-2010 annual growth rates for CO{sub 2} emission in the Russian energy sector will not exceed 0.9-1.3 %, and emission levels in 2000 make up - 75-78 %, and in 2010 - 81-88 % of the 1990 level. For the probable scenario the CO{sub 2} emission reducing will make up about 6% and 25% (for the optimistic scenario about 16% and 31%) of CO{sub 2} emission for reference scenario in 2000 and 2010 respectively. Additional CO{sub 2} emission reducing (3-5% of domestic CO{sub 2} emission) will result from increasing share of natural gas consumption.

  7. Evaluation of Potential Locations for Siting Small Modular Reactors near Federal Energy Clusters to Support Federal Clean Energy Goals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belles, Randy J. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Omitaomu, Olufemi A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2014-09-01

    Geographic information systems (GIS) technology was applied to analyze federal energy demand across the contiguous US. Several federal energy clusters were previously identified, including Hampton Roads, Virginia, which was subsequently studied in detail. This study provides an analysis of three additional diverse federal energy clusters. The analysis shows that there are potential sites in various federal energy clusters that could be evaluated further for placement of an integral pressurized-water reactor (iPWR) to support meeting federal clean energy goals.

  8. ANALYSIS OF DATA ON DOSES OF EXTERNAL TERRIGENOUS IRRADIATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION POPULATION IN MUNICIPAL CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. P. Stamat

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available By this time in the Russian Federation there is collected a huge file of data describing the influence of all natural sources of ionizing radiation on population in municipal conditions. These data are collected and generalized in radiation hygiene passports of the Russian Federation for the last 16 years and in the reporting forms of federal statistical supervision No 4-DOZ “Data on doses of population irradiation due to the natural and manchanged radiation background” for a period of 14 years. These data are received by direct measurements of gamma radiation dose rate in the premises and in the open air on the territory of settlements. Measurements were made with the most different dosimeters; their technical and metrological parameters differ considerably. In this regard of certain interest is evaluation of this data reliability degree; that will help to find out the reasons of higher levels of the Russian Federation population external irradiation in comparison with average global dose values.In this article an attempt was made to evaluate reliability degree of data on the population external irradiation doses using the radiation hygiene passports of territories and reporting forms No 4-DOZ for the whole period of supervision. For this there was used the known dependence between the gamma radiation dose rate and natural radionuclides effective specific activity (AEFF in inhabitancy objects. For this purpose there were used the data on average AEFF values of building raw materials and of local manufacture materials, which are presented in radiation hygiene passports of territories. Definition of design value of gamma radiation dose rate in the buildings and in the open air according to AEFF measurement data in building raw materials and in local manufacture materials actually enables to get an independent evaluation of the population external irradiation doses. Comparison of two evaluations of the population external irradiation levels

  9. Current Problems of Interstate Cooperation of Russian Federation for the Protection of Children in Case of Disputes between Parents Living in Different States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslan Khuseinovich Abashidze

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In 2011 and 2013 the Russian Federation has become a State party to two important international treaties on the protection of human rights of children - Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction of1980 and Hague Child Protection Convention of 1996. Considering the social significance of these conventions, there is a practical need in the elaboration of the procedure of their application by the state organs as well as the organisation of knowledge-raising campaign aimed at disseminating the information on the provisions of the conventions among the population of the Russian Federation.

  10. CURRENT TRENDS OF THE PROVISION FOR RADIATION SAFETY OF THE POPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. G. Onishenko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available P.V.Ramzaev”The article is devoted to the actual issues ofRussian Federationpopulation radiation safety providing at the present stage. The important role of radiation-hygienic passportization is underlined in the process of the obtaining of objective information of radiation situation in the country, of population exposure doses from the all sources: artificial and natural, from the use of ionizing irradiation sources in medicine. The leading role is shown of the natural ionizing irradiation sources in the level of the country population exposure. The main directions of activities are stated aimed on the decreasing of population exposure doses from the natural sources. The brief characteristics is given of the radiation situation on the territories radioactively contaminated after the accident on the Chernobyl NPP, in the Pacific Ocean basin after the accident on the “Fukushima-1”NPP, of the main measures for radiation protection providing and for counteraction to radiation terrorism during the period of international sports and mass actions which were carried out in Russia in the last years (XXVII World Summer Universiade in2013 inKazan, XXII Olympic and XI Winter Paralympics Games in2014 inSochi. The most important tasks are defined for the improvement ofRussian Federationpopulation radiation safety at the present stage.

  11. Status of Nuclear Safety Culture Through Lessons Learnt from Licensing, Periodic Safety Review and Relicensing of Activities at Nuclear Research Installations in Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Russian Federation (Russia) has a lot of Nuclear Research Installations (NRIs) of various types and powers for the fundamental and applied sciences in the field of physics, power engineering, material study, biology and medicine. The work is been carried out to optimize the Russian fleet of NRIs, depending on the science and atomic energy needs. Due to the reduction of NRIs in operation in the world the experimental abilities of Russian NRIs as well as their safety conditions, to be in compliance with up-to-date safety requirements, represent the certain interest both to European region and international collaboration as a whole. The effective system for safety regulation in the field of atomic energy use has been established at present in Russia and is being improved. The legal basis and principles of regulation of relations arising in atomic energy use have been put in force at the state level taking into consideration fundamental principles of nuclear law adopted in practice worldwide. The report outlines the results and lessons learnt from licensing of NRIs in Russia as a continuous process having a few stages during the lifetime of a NRI. Enhancement of nuclear and radiation safety and security of NRIs in operation is pointed out at the initial licensing stage in the past, when no sound technical requirements and reference licensing basis were available, and then as a result of further safety evaluations and re-licensing. Through lessons learnt from licensing of NRIs the principal findings are summarized on the safety status of NRIs in Russia and further evaluation of their safety. A sound legal framework, well arranged licensing process and supervision, also scientific and technical support and other advisory organizations can help enhance nuclear safety culture because the activities at NRIs include various aspects related to safety: legal, administrative, technical, economical, ecological, informational, social and even psychological. There exist a few

  12. ACCEPTABILITY EVALUATION FOR USING ICRP TISSUE WEIGHTING FACTORS TO CALCULATE EFFECTIVE DOSE VALUE FOR SEPARATE GENDER-AGE GROUPS OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. V. Repin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available An article describes radiation risk factors for several gender-age population groups according to Russian statistical and medical-demographic data, evaluates the lethality rate for separate nosologic forms of malignant neoplasms based on Russian cancer registries according to the method of the International Agency for Cancer Research. Relative damage factors are calculated for the gender-age groups under consideration. The tissue weighting factors recommended by ICRP to calculate effective doses are compared with relative damage factors calculated by ICRP for the nominal population and with similar factors calculated in this work for separate population cohorts in theRussian Federation. The significance of differences and the feasibility of using tissue weighting factors adapted for the Russian population in assessing population risks in cohorts of different gender-age compositions have been assessed.

  13. Russian RERTR program as a part of Joint US DOE-RF MINATOM collaboration on elimination of the threat connected to the use of HEU in research reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Russian RERTR Program started at the end of 70's, the final goal of the program is to eliminate supplies of HEU in fuel elements and assemblies for foreign research reactors that were designed according to Russian projects. Basic directions of the work include: completion of the development of the fuel elements and assemblies on a basis of uranium dioxide; development of the fuel on a basis of U-Mo alloy; and development of pin type fuel elements. Fuel assemblies of WWR-M2 type with LEU were developed and qualified for using in foreign research reactors that use such type of fuel assemblies. These assemblies are ready for the supplying several operating foreign research reactors. There are more than 20 sites in Eastern European countries, former Soviet republics and another countries that have big amount of Russian origin HEU in fresh and spent fuel. The problem of the shipment of SNF from sites of research reactors is also very important for domestic Russian research reactors. More than ten years from its beginning the Russian RERTR program developed practically independently from the international RERTR program and only at the begin of 90's the Russian specialists started to contact with foreign scientists and the exchange of the scientific information has become more intensive. In September 1994, representatives of Minatom and DOE signed a protocol of intent to reduce an enrichment of uranium in research reactors. The main aspects of collaboration involve: Several domestic Russian research reactors such as WWR-M, IR-8 and others were investigated from the point of view of possibility of reducing of enrichment; financial support of the program from US DOE which is insufficient. The important part of international collaboration is the import of Russian origin spent and fresh fuel of research reactors to Russia. In August 2002 an impressive result of the Russian-American collaboration with support of IAEA and with the help and assistance of Yugoslavian side was

  14. Mining investment environment in Russian federation%俄罗斯联邦矿业投资环境分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈良玺; 陈正; 金玺; 陈超

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an introduction to the ore resources ,geological works ,investment and mining policies of Russian federation ,analyzes its pros and cons in mining sector and presents suggestions for Chinese mining investors .This paper recommends that the Chinese mining investors should strengthen their management and risk awareness under the guidance of the government ,using the law to safeguard their own interests ,resolving the issue of environmental protection ,actively looking for investment opportunities of the Russian mining market .%  俄罗斯联邦地处欧亚大陆北部,境内矿产资源丰富。本文整理了俄罗斯联邦的矿产资源情况、矿业管理部门及法规、投资政策等资料,分析了俄罗斯联邦矿业投资的有利及不利因素,建议企业在政府的主导下加强自身管理,提高风险意识,运用法律维护自身权益,妥善解决环境保护问题,积极寻找俄罗斯矿业市场的投资机会,为我国企业“走出去”提供支持。

  15. [VACCINE-ASSOCIATED PARALYTIC POLIOMYELITIS IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION DURING THE PERIOD OF CHANGES IN VACCINATION SCHEDULE (2006-2013 yy.)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanova, O E; Eremeeva, T P; Morozova, N S; Shakaryan, A K; Gmyl, A P; Yakovenko, M L; Korotkova, E A; Chernjavskaja, O P; Baykova, O Yu; Silenova, O V; Krasota, A Yu; Krasnoproshina, L I; Mustafina, A N; Kozlovskaja, L I

    2016-01-01

    The results of virologic testing of clinical materials and epidemiological analysis of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP) cases obtained in 2006-2013 during AFP surveillance are presented. Among the 2976 cases of AFP 30 cases were VAPP. 15 cases were observed in OPV recipients, whereas 15 cases were observed in non-vaccinated contacts. The age of the patients varied from 4 months to 5.5 years (13.6 ± 12.4 months old). Children younger than 1 year constituted 63.3% of the group; boys were dominant (73.3%); 53.3% of children were vaccinated with OPV; the time period between receipt of OPV and onset of palsy was from 2 to 32 days (18.7 ± 8.2). Lower paraparesis was documented in 48.3% of patients; lower monoparesis in 37.9%; upper monoparesis, in 6.9%; tetraparesis with bulbar syndrome, in 6%. The majority of the patients (85.7%) had an unfavorable premorbid status. The violations of the humoral immunity were found in 73.9% cases: CVID (52.9%), hypogammaglobulinemia (41.2%); selective lgA deflciency (5.9%). In 70.6% cases damage to humoral immunity was combined with poor premorbid status. The most frequently observed (76%, p poliomyelitis in the Russian Federation, WHO Polio eradication initiative, WHO's European Regional Bureau, Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project No. 15-15-00147). PMID:27145594

  16. Specifics of Chemical Toxilogical Analyses in the Russian Federation for the Purpose of Identification of Narcotics in Biological Matters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coates, Cameron W [ORNL; Eisele, Gerhard R [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    The Russian Federation (RF) is committed to implementing a comprehensive drug testing program under its Personnel Reliability Program (PRP) for military personnel involved in handling sensitive nuclear materials. This commitment leads to a number of mandatory requirements for the laboratory conducting the confirmation testing to ensure the legitimacy and integrity of the testing process. These requirements are established by the RF Duma to ensure that individuals conducting these tests have adequate training, certifications, and experience to conduct narcotic confirmation tests. This paper describes the facility requirements and personnel qualifications needed for conducting comprehensive drug abuse confirmation testing. Details regarding the personnel training and laboratory experience in the theory and practice of analytical forensic toxicology of drugs of abuse will be presented, as well as the facility requirements for the laboratory conducting such tests. Chain-of-custody, from sample receipt through completion of testing, reporting of results, and continuing until final disposition of specimens will be addressed.

  17. A critical analysis and discussion of clinical research ethics in the Russian Federation and their implications for Western sponsored trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leintz, Christopher

    2014-06-01

    Globalization, political upheavals, and Western economic struggles have caused a geographical reprioritization in the realm of drug development and human clinical research. Regulatory and cost hurdles as well as a saturation of research sites and subjects in Western countries have forced the pharmaceutical industry to place an unprecedented level of importance on emerging markets, injecting Western corporate initiatives into cultures historically and socially isolated from Western-centric value systems. One of the greatest recipients of this onslaught of Western business and research practices is the Russian Federation. Namely, market forces are dictating a focused research initiative in the traditional emerging markets, but this focus may be at the expense of individual and societal dignity. PMID:22846056

  18. Regulatory Supervision of Radiological Protection in the Russian Federation as Applied to Facility Decommissioning and Site Remediation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Russian Federation is carrying out major work to manage the legacy of exploitation of nuclear power and use of radioactive materials. This paper describes work on-going to provide enhanced regulatory supervision of these activities as regards radiological protection. The scope includes worker and public protection in routine operation; emergency preparedness and response; radioactive waste management, including treatment, interim storage and transport as well as final disposal; and long term site restoration. Examples examined include waste from facilities in NW Russia, including remediation of previous shore technical bases (STBs) for submarines, spent fuel and radioactive waste management from ice-breakers, and decommissioning of Radio-Thermal-Generators (RTGs) used in navigational devices. Consideration is given to the identification of regulatory responsibilities among different regulators; development of necessary regulatory instruments; and development of regulatory procedures for safety case reviews and compliance monitoring and international cooperation between different regulators. (authors)

  19. IAEA-USA-Russian Federation cooperation in the field of enhancing the security and protectability of ionizing radiation sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the Russian Federation, issues relating to the safe operation of nuclear power facilities are coordinated by the Federal Atomic Energy Agency (FAEA). Rosatom is responsible for the provision of nuclear, radiological, technical, industrial, fire and environmental safety; labour protection; protection of personnel, the population and the environment in the vicinity of the facilities; prevention and mitigation of emergency situations; accounting and control of radioactive materials and radioactive waste; and the safe handling of nuclear and radioactive materials, radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel, taking into account the international scientific and technical cooperation in this field. All these issues are also related to the management of ionizing radiation sources (IRSs). The legal basis of IRS use in Russia is reported. FAEA implemented the following IRS management: methodical supervision, organization and conduct of work on licensing, certification and preparation of decisions on recognition of the organizations reported to Rosatom as being capable of operating nuclear power facilities, including handling of IRSs and prolongation of their lifetime; issue of certificates for transport of nuclear and radiological materials; organization of the State system of accounting and control of radioactive materials (RM) and radioactive waste (RW); and prevention and mitigation of emergency situations at the organizations reported to Rosatom. The organizational structure of the State system of accounting and control of radioactive materials and radioactive waste is discussed. Increasing the security of IRS management is becoming more and more important in the wake of the threat of unauthorized use of IRSs in terrorist acts. Several activities directed at increasing the safety and security of IRS management are being carried out in the framework of international cooperation. This work is being most actively performed in the framework of the cooperation between

  20. ‘Homosexual Propaganda’ Laws in the Russian Federation: Are They in Violation of the European Convention on Human Rights?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Johnson

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article examines recently enacted legislation in the Russian Federation designed to regulate so-called ‘homosexual propaganda.’ Through an analysis of the extant jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights (Eur. Ct. H.R. in respect of discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation, the article considers the extent to which the existence and enforcement of ‘homosexual propaganda’ laws can be said to violate rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR. The article demonstrates weaknesses in current Eur. Ct. H.R.’s jurisprudence – specifically in relation to Arts. 10, 11 and 14 of the ECHR – and argues that it requires significant evolution to better protect sexual minorities in Russia and elsewhere.

  1. Decommissioning Russian Research Facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gosatomnadzor of Russia is conducting the safety regulation and inspection activity related to nuclear and radiation safety of nuclear research facilities (RR), including research reactors, critical assemblies and sub-critical assemblies. Most of the Russian RR were built and put in operation more than 30 years ago. The problems of ageing equipment and strengthening of safety requirements in time, the lack of further experimental programmes and financial resources, have created a condition when some of the RR were forced to take decisions on their decommissioning. The result of these problems was reflected in reducing the number of RR from 113 in 1998 to 81 in the current year. At present, seven RR are already under decommissioning or pending it. Last year, the Ministry of Atomic Energy took the decision to finally shut down two remaining actual research reactors in the Physics and Power Engineering Institute in Obninsk: AM-1, the first reactor in the world built for peaceful purposes, graphite-type reactor, and the fast liquid metal reactor BR-10, and to start their preparation for decommissioning. It is not enough just to declare the decommissioning of a RR: it is also vital to find financial resources for that purpose. For this reason, due to lack of financing, the MR reactor at the Kurchatov Institute has been pending decommissioning since 1992 and still is. The other example of long-lasting decommissioning is TVR, a heavy water reactor at the Institute of Theoretical Physics in Moscow (ITEF). The reason is also poor financing. Another example discussed in the paper concerns on-site disposal of a RR located above the Arctic Pole Circle, owned by the Norilsk Mining Company. Furthermore, the experience of the plutonium reactor decommissioning at the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research is also discussed. As shown, the Russian Federation has had good experiences in the decommissioning of nuclear research facilities. (author)

  2. Determining effective technology transfer mechanisms: A case study in the Russian Federation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colangelo, R.V.; Reistroffer, E. (Environmental Planning Group, Inc., Elk Grove Village, IL (United States)); Edgar, D.E.; Johnson, D.O. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

    1992-01-01

    In order to transfer technology efficiently, it is essential to define the cultural context in which the technologies have been developed and currently reside. As a participant in the International Technology Exchange Program (ITEP), the Environmental Planning Group, Inc. (EPG), had the opportunity to study environmental and energy programs in Russia. EPG found that the unstable political situation in Russia, the inadequate funding in the Russian scientific community, and the withdrawal of government support for research have created new opportunities for accessing technology. EPG concluded that knowledge of the structure of the government and the organization of the scientific community and an understanding of current business practices are fundamental to the creation of successful technology transfer mechanisms.

  3. Determining effective technology transfer mechanisms: A case study in the Russian Federation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colangelo, R.V.; Reistroffer, E. [Environmental Planning Group, Inc., Elk Grove Village, IL (United States); Edgar, D.E.; Johnson, D.O. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

    1992-11-01

    In order to transfer technology efficiently, it is essential to define the cultural context in which the technologies have been developed and currently reside. As a participant in the International Technology Exchange Program (ITEP), the Environmental Planning Group, Inc. (EPG), had the opportunity to study environmental and energy programs in Russia. EPG found that the unstable political situation in Russia, the inadequate funding in the Russian scientific community, and the withdrawal of government support for research have created new opportunities for accessing technology. EPG concluded that knowledge of the structure of the government and the organization of the scientific community and an understanding of current business practices are fundamental to the creation of successful technology transfer mechanisms.

  4. OFFICIAL DISCIPLINE IN THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: WAYS OF IMPROVING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Hasanbievna Mashekuasheva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Psychological preparedness is a set of formed and developed psychological characteristics that are relevant to the specific psychological character of the operational (combat field service and are the necessary internal precondition for its successful implementation. It is this kind of training that plays an important role for overcoming the psychological difficulties of professional activities, ensuring the successful solution of the tasks. Deviations and professional personal deformations of officers, whose duty is to prevent and stop dangerous social deviations, are not only visible, but also dangerous both for society and for the Interior Ministry system itself. The European Code of Police Ethics, adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 19 September, 2001 declares the main direction in implementation of the basic tasks of psychological service of the Russian Interior Ministry.

  5. Medico-ecological zoning of the territory of the Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyubovtseva, Yu. S.; Kagan, A. I.; Pyatigina, O. O.; Voronova, E. V.

    2015-12-01

    The medico-ecological state of Russian regions has been analyzed on the basis of statistical data. It is found that the incidence of different groups of diseases varies significantly in different regions. The regions of Russia are classified according to their medico-ecological parameters; the zones of maximal health risk caused by environmental pollutions, including air, water and soil pollution, are determined. The proposed methods for zoning by health level and the estimate of medico-ecological conditions in different administrative units provide the basis for the development of measures for the adaptation of population. These data can be used for the control of sanitary measures planned by regional organizations for the social-ecological protection of the population.

  6. Radioecological aspects of the decommissioning of nuclear submarines in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radioecological consequences of the Russian program of decommissioning of nuclear submarines (NS) are caused by present difficult economic conditions and specific technologies applied. The temporary scheme of the NS-utilization is accepted because of the absence of required industrial structure. This measure does not provide for the final solution of the problem for a long-term perspective, but it is going to be used for a period of at least 20 years. The NS storage with unloaded nuclear fuel presents potential nuclear, radiation and radioecological hazard. This hazard increases with time because of the long-term operation of NS, which reaches 30 years and more, and unsatisfactory technical conditions of some NS. Under existing circumstances, it is very difficult to predict all radioecological consequences of the NS decommissioning, though some regularities are already being observed from the analysis of the long-term experience of the NS operation and a decennial period of their decommissioning. (author)

  7. Clinical and economic analysis of voriconazole using for treatment of invasive aspergillosis in Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. I. Ignatieva

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Based on clinical studies data voriconazole is recommended as the drug of choice for treatment of invasive aspergillosis (IA – a widespread infectious complications occurring in immunocompromised patients and is characterized by severe clinical course and high mortality.The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of voriconazole compared to other preparations recommended in the Russian practice for the treatment of IA in adult patients.Materials and methods. The authors constructed a «decision tree» type of model, which compared the three treatment alternatives for the IA in adult patients, depending on the drug in first-line therapy: 1 voriconazole, 2, caspofungin, or 3 amphotericin B lipid complex (LC. Efficacy was assessed as the probability of patient survival within 14 weeks of starting treatment. We took into account the drugs cost and an increase in the hospitalization duration due to the development of serious adverse events. The model parameters were determined on the basis of the published results of clinical studies, the costs were calculated on the basis of medicines prices in the public procurement and the average bed-day cost in system of obligatory health insurance. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis was performed.Results. It has been shown that the use of voriconazole for treatment of IA is the dominant strategy compared to the use of caspofungin and amphotericin B LC, providing cost reduction while achieving maximum effect. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis (1000 simulations showed stability of the revealed pattern.Conclusion. The use of voriconazole in the treatment of IA allows to save the greatest number of lives at minimal cost compared to other preparations recommended in the Russian practice.

  8. Epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus in children ≤2 years of age hospitalized with lower respiratory tract infections in the Russian Federation: a prospective, multicenter study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Tatochenko

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Vladimir Tatochenko1, Vasily Uchaikin2, Aleksandr Gorelov3, Konstantin Gudkov4, Andrew Campbell5, Gregory Schulz5, Rebecca Prahl5, Gerard Notario51Scientific Centre of Children’s Health, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Lomonosovskiy Prospect, Moscow, Russia; 2Russian State Medical University of Roszdrav, Moscow, Russia; 3Central Scientific Research Institution of Epidemiology, Moscow, Russia; 4Abbott Laboratories LLC, Khimki, Moscow, Russia; 5Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL, USABackground: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV is the leading cause of severe lower respiratory tract infections among infants and young children, and is responsible for an estimated four million deaths per year globally. A monthly injection of palivizumab has been used for prophylaxis of serious RSV infections among high-risk children in 71 countries since 1998 and approval for use in the Russian Federation was obtained in February 2010. A recommendation for RSV prophylaxis in the Russian Federation would require knowledge of the prevalence and seasonality of RSV in that country.Methods: In a prospective, multicenter, epidemiological study of the prevalence, seasonality, and peak occurrence of RSV infection, children aged ≤2 years hospitalized for lower respiratory tract infections in three regions of the Russian Federation, from September 2008 through April 2009, were screened and tested for RSV using rapid immunochromatography of nasopharyngeal lavage. For subjects who were tested positive, hospitalization data were collected.Results: Of 519 children aged ≤2 years enrolled from September 11, 2008 through April 26, 2009, 197 tested positive for RSV (38.0%, 95% CI: 33.8, 42.3. The onset of the 2008–2009 RSV season in the Russian Federation occurred in late October 2008, similar to what is observed in other northern temperate zones. Peak activity occurred in early April 2009, when 62% of children enrolled tested positive for RSV.Conclusion: The prevalence

  9. Geo-Economic Priorities of Russian Federation and Federal Republic of Germany in the Context of Overcoming the Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikita D Khoroshun

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The author of this article reveals the essence of the "geo-economics" concept and investigates specific methods of economic policy, Economy, used in the applied geo-economics. During the whole post-Soviet period, Russia and Germany continue to be the major economic partners. The author notes that currently Germany is forming as a new form of geo-economic power within the international relations, demonstrating a reluctance to use military force as an instrument of foreign policy, even in a multilateral context. It is revealed that the global financial and economic crisis had a negative impact on investment cooperation between the two countries: for example, the volume of FDI from Germany to Russia decreased by 30.1%, from Russia to Germany-by nearly a half (48.4%. At the same time, the lowest point in FDI volumes was passed in 2011, and the growth has been renewed since the year 2012. The author concludes that, despite the general decline in investment activity on the background of the ongoing global financial crisis, Germany is still one of the largest investor countries of Russia. German-Russian trade and economic cooperation is aimed at building sustainable economic development capable of ensuring the growth of key indicators in the post-crisis period. Strategic partnership stimulates translational processes in the economy of both countries. The success of the bilateral cooperation between Russia and Germany in the international economy shows positive dynamics of foreign trade, FDI growth, etc. However, in 2013, it is noticed a decrease in the rate of development of bilateral economic relations between Russia and Germany.The new qualitative feature of the cooperation dynamics is seen by the author in the involving of the innovation sphere that is a link between science and industry, in the field of bilateral cooperation. Discussed in this article priorities give only some of the possibilities for the future cooperation development between

  10. Communication from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency regarding guidelines for transfers of nuclear-related dual-use equipment, materials, software and related technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the Note Verbale received by the Director General of the IAEA from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency providing information on the export policies and practices of the Government of the Russian Federation with respect to the export of nuclear-related dual-use equipment, materials, software and related technology

  11. Communication of 29 April 1996 received from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency regarding guidelines for the export of nuclear material, equipment and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document contains the text of a note verbale dated 29 April 1996 received by the Director General of IAEA from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation which provides information on the export policies and practices of the Government of the Russian Federation with respect to transfer of nuclear-related dual-use equipment, material and related technology

  12. THE OUTCOMES OF FUNCTIONING OF UNIFIED SYSTEM OF INDIVIDUAL DOSE CONTROL OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION CITIZENS BASED ON 2014 DATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. S. Repin

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the outcomes of the generalized analysis of personnel, patients and population radiation doses information obtained from the Unified System of Individual Dose Control (USIDC for 2014. The analysis is conducted on the basis of the annual information from the forms of Federal State Statistical Observation No.1-DOZ, No.2-DOZ, No.3-DOZ and No.4-DOZ. The information is submitted by the organizations and territories accountable to Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-Being – ROSPOTREBNADZOR.According to No. 1-DOZ data the total number of organizations which submitted the information about personnel dose exposure in 2014 amounted to 16424, with the total headcount of 130688 employees. The average radiation dose of group A personnel was 1,13 mSv/annum. The collective personnel radiation doze totalled 132,5 man-Sv/annum.According to No.3-DOZ data 261 mln X-ray diagnostics were conducted in Russian Federation in 2014. The average medical radiation dose per capita was 0,46 mSv/annum and collective population dose was 66883.4 man-Sv/annum. Computer tomography makes the highest contribution into collective population radiation dose (40,3% .According to the forms of statistical reporting No. 4-DOZ for 2014 in Russian Federation the population’s average effective dose from natural ionizing radiation sources amounted to 3.48 mSv/annum. The population’s annual effective radiation dose from natural sources of ionizing radiation includes about 59% of radon isotopes and progeny. In 2014 the data was submitted about job-specific doses of 5651 employees from 50 enterprises located in 18 regions of Russia. The values of job-specific radiation of these enterprises’ employees ranged between 0.01 and 3,42 mSv/annum.The article includes the Annexes with final generalized forms of Unified System of Individual Dose Control based on the forms of statistical observations No. 1-, 2- and 4-DOZ.

  13. Communication of 26 June 2000 received from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation concerning a statement on strategic stability by the Commonwealth of Independent States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the letter dated 26 June 2000 received by the Director General of the IAEA from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation concerning a statement by the Heads of State of the Commonwealth of Independent States on the maintenance of strategic stability, as well as the text of the statement

  14. ESTIMATION OF THE POPULATION EXPOSURE DOSES FROM NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL RADIONUCLIDES DUE TO DRINKING-WATER CONSUMPTION FOR THE INHABITANTS OF DIFFERENT AREAS OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ju. N. Goncharova

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The report contains data on specific activity values of natural and artificial radionuclides in the water of underground and surface sources in 19 areas of Russian Federation and data on population internal exposure doses from drinking water consumption in these areas.

  15. On Expansion Of The Circle Of Norms Providing Special Types Of Release From Criminal Liability In The Chapter 22 Of The Criminal Code Of The Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farid A. Musaev

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article author conducts analysis of the circle of the criminal code of the Russian Federation (Charter 22 norms expansion, providing special types of release from criminal liability. Analyzes of the foreign legislation allowed author to draw a conclusion that the majority of the stimulating legal analogs to the Chapter 22 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation are present in the legislation of the CIS countries – Azerbaijan, Georgia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and some other, and also that release from the criminal liability on the tax crimes – is not less widespread stimulating norm in the foreign legislation. Special attention is paid to the questions of the positive post criminal behavior of persons who committed economic crime stimulation. According to the author it appears to be reasonable to include into the alternative condition of the release from criminal liability a sign of the voluntary statement of the crime commission or giving criminal income and also an alternative sign of the "active contribution to the disclosure and/or crime investigation". Author comes to the conclusion that a problem of the expansion of the stimulating norms in the Chapter 22 of the Criminal Codes of the Russian Federation action is interesting and actual in the conditions of criminal legislation in the economic sphere liberalization. In particular, in the foreshortening of the economic amnesty questions author believes that introduction of the stimulating norms of the Chapter 186 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation isn't expected soon.

  16. COMMERCIAL LEGAL ENTITIES ACCORDING TO THE RENEWED CIVIL CODE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirsanov A. N.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is focused on the question of reforming Russian public and private companies’ law and the various problems that accompany the reform of civil law. So it is noted that the Civil Code still maintain the existing division of legal persons for commercial and non-commercial, but offered no new legal entities. This is largely due to the fact that the legislator seeks only to remove the gaps. The author notes the lack of commitment of the legislator to offer promising models of commercial legal entities. However, the author notes that the elimination of errors only available legislation is not enough. For completeness of legal regulation it requires a new approach to the reform of civil law. We require the same approach for entrepreneurs as well. These subjects of civil and business relations need new models of business. Creating new models should be a subject to certain logic of their construction. The entire list of models of commercial legal entities must be built on the principle of scale. That is, each model of commercial entity must be subordinated to this principle on the basis of their economic importance

  17. Cenoses of phototrophic algae of ultrasaline lakes in the Kulunda steppe (Altai krai, Russian Federation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapozhnikov, Ph. V.; Kalinina, O. Yu.; Nikitin, M. A.; Samylina, O. S.

    2016-01-01

    In 2012, expeditions of the Institute of Microbiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, delivered samples of algo-bacterial mats from Kulunda steppe alkaline lakes (Petukhovskoe alkaline lake, Tanatar VI, and Gorchina III). The filamentous alga Ctenocladus circinnatus (Chlorophyta) acted as an edificator of the mats. The composition of cenoses algocomponents also included chlorophytes Dunaliella viridis and Picocystis salinarum as well as diatoms Anomeoneis sphaerophora, Brachysira brebissonii, B. zellensis, Mastogloia pusilla var. subcapitata, Nitzschia amphibia, N. cf. communis, and Nitzschia sp. 1. The composition and structure of phototrophic algae cenoses (including diatom taxocenes) were described for the investigated lakes for the first time. For the period from 2011 to 2012, the total mineralization significantly increased in lakes. This involved sensible alterations of cenoses. B. zellensis was the most permanent component of diatom taxocenes in both seasons. In the summer of 2011, it was often accompanied by A. sphaerophora and B. brebissonii. In the summer of 2012, A. sphaerophora was found only singularly in Lake Gorchina III, and some biotopes of Lake Tanatar VI were massively inhabited by N. cf. communis, including colonies that had not been previously described for the species. The genetic analysis of three diatoms, which are markedly different from each other in their appearance and were sampled from different lakes but were all determined as Nitzschia cf. communis, showed their complete similarity to each other with the 18S rRNA gene fragment and the highest similarity of all the three diatoms with the species Nitzschia communis.

  18. [An analysis of the state of social services for elderly citizens and disabled persons in Russian Federation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bashkireva, A S; Shestakov, V P; Svintsov, A A; Cherniakina, T S; Chernova, G I; Bogdanov, E A

    2013-01-01

    A comparative data analysis of the federal statistical survey of social services for the elderly citizens and disabled persons in outpatient departments and day hospitals in Russian Federation was submitted. It included the data on the number of organizations providing social services, the number of individuals served, the number of full-time staff positions for the years 2006-2011. It had been revealed that during this period the number of social rehabilitation centers, health centers and hospices for the elderly citizens were reduced in Russia that in turn caused the significant decrease of hospital beds and persons served per year. The data on the activities of hospitals and residential institutions in social services system for the elderly citizens and disabled persons, as well as the number of persons served over the period of 2009-2011 had been analyzed. Analytical results thus obtained shown that one of the new approaches in solving these sociogerontological problems on system management of outpatient departments, day hospitals and residential institutions in Russia are an optimization of the institutional structure, reorganization of hospital beds capacity, refurbishment of present and construction of new buildings. PMID:24640713

  19. Social and Demographic Problems of Young People in the Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ermakov, S. P.

    2014-01-01

    Changes in reproductive behavior among young people in Russia, changing patterns of marriage and family formation, and high death rates among males are all affecting Russia's human capital potential, and public policy reforms will need to take this into account. The new Federal Law "On Youth Policy" represents an important stage…

  20. Russian Federation: Example of an intelligent system of condition monitoring in the context of PLiM and PLEX

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plant life extension beyond the originally anticipated life is one of the main concerns in the nuclear industry of the Russian Federation, as well as abroad. Along with consideration of the accumulated experience gained during LTO of different NPP unit types, in the context of PLEX activities, the set of technical measures designed to ensure safe and reliable operation of NPPs beyond their originally assumed service life should be used to justify LTO. Nuclear power plant LTO stipulates the necessity of changing the traditional approaches applied to conducting an assessment of the degradation rate, also referred to as ageing, in zones mostly subjected to operational loading of equipment important to safety. Considerable work has been done and experience accumulated to justify operation beyond the originally assumed service life of Russian NPPs. In parallel, new approaches have been developed such as the design of new diagnostics tools to help assess operational damage. The approach is based on the application of conventional NDE methods in conjunction with on-line monitoring to determine the consequences of thermal and mechanical loading, such as the actual deformation and loss of structural and functional performance of essential and potentially life limiting equipment. Numerical calculations of the accumulated metal damage detected in the monitored zones can then be conducted more precisely. The block diagram of a life cycle of NPP equipment subject to thermal and mechanical loading is presented. It includes all main sequences in the service life of a safety related component, from its design phase all the way to its decommissioning

  1. Exceeding of Official Powers (Art. 286 of the Criminal Code of Russian Federation: Identification and Analysis of Signs of Object and Victim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey D. Brazhnik

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In the present article authors defines attributes of object and victim in the framework of offense "abuse of power" (Article 286 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and conduct comparative analysis. At the first place questions of what should be considered as object of crime in the Russian legal doctrine. Author believe that "vertical" objects are divided into general, intragenic, clan, group, specific and direct, "horizontal" - at primary, secondary and optional. Author carried out a comprehensive analysis of each object under consideration provisions of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Authors give particular attention to the study of victims of this crime. According to authors, lack of the unified approach to this issue is largely generated by the procedural legislation. Author concludes that victims of the power abuse in the criminal law sense may be citizens (any individual, organizations (legal entities, irrespective of their legal form, society and the state. Based on the comprehensive analysis of legal acts, court practice and a wide range of scientific sources authors justify the appropriateness of amending Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

  2. Technical Session: Russian Federation. Internationalization of Nuclear Fuel Supply and SNF Management as a Factor of Strengthening Non-Proliferation Regime. Statement of V.P. Kuchinov

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    use for production of fissile material for nuclear weapons. Response to this concern is transparency and IAEA safeguards. Put forward in January 2006 by the President of the Russian Federation, the Initiative to establish global nuclear energy infrastructure provides a real opportunity for safe development of global nuclear energy and at the same time looks into the necessity of restricted sensitive technology proliferation. This Initiative is in harmony with the IAEA multinational approaches to NFC, including to the position of the Director General of the IAEA on internationalization of its sensitive elements. It allows equal access of all parties concerned to nuclear energy as well as strict compliance with requirements of non-proliferation regime. Based on the fact that in terms of proliferation uranium enrichment is one of the most sensitive stages of nuclear fuel cycle, the International Uranium Enrichment Centre was established in the City of Angarsk on the territory of Russia as pilot project in the framework of this Initiative. Legal base for the center is the intergovernmental Russia-Kazakhstan Agreement, and the Centre itself was established in accordance with Russian legislation as a joint stock company thus ensuring that its activities are carried out under market conditions. Participants to the Centre are commercial organizations of Kazakhstan and Russia. The procedure of entry into it by the organizations of Armenia and Ukraine is under way. The Center is also open for participation by other organizations and countries without any political terms. As a response to the initiative of the Director General of the IAEA M. El Baradei to establish a fuel bank under IAEA auspices, the Government of the Russian Federation proposed to establish a guaranteed reserve of enriched uranium on its own expenses and there are plans to make the International Uranium Enrichment Centre responsible for its storage.

  3. Analysis of experience of legal regulation in the sphere of public administration of sanatorium providing of children in the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovalenko T.Yu.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Motherhood and childhood are one of the main priorities of the government social policy for any country. The Ukrainian state, its President and government are keeping under scrutiny issues of improving quality of life and health of population, in particular, health of women and children. Continuing study of problems of Public Administration in the sphere of health resort services for children in Ukraine, in her previous scientific publications the author drew attention to insufficient scope of researches and weak grounds of theoretical justification of possible organizational changes in this sphere. This very fact stipulates the necessity to continue thorough scientific research and study, first of all, a positive experience of foreign countries as to implementing reforms in the sphere of health resort services for children. The share of separate factors of different nature, impacting indicators of public health depends on age, sex and individual-typological characteristics of a person. However, the greatest impact on a human health is made by his lifestyle that may be attributed to conditionally controlled process. In this case, it is appropriate to note that the controlled impact on lifestyle can be made both by internal factors (e.g., motivation, and external factors. One of the most powerful external factors of controlled impact on the public health is health resort provision. The experience of the Russian Federation in this area is extremely useful for the Ukrainian state, which is actively promoting the idea of the health system modernization in the domestic market as the area in need of such changes. Now, 1997 health resorts are operating in the Russian Federation, annually serving approximately 6 million people. The jurisdiction of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation encompasses 51 health resort facilities (HRF providing a wide range of health-improving services. The laws, government regulations

  4. The activity of Ministry for Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structure and the history of the Ministry for Atomic Energy are discussed. The fundamental principles of activity in the following fields: the scientific research activity, the NPP construction and operation, nuclear weapons and disarmament, reactor engineering, instrument making, microelectronics, mechanical engineering, construction industry and international cooperation are presented. The information about this industry as a self-contained scientific and technical complex of technologically related industries concerned with the mining of the row materials from which to make components for military equipment: which the reprocessing of spent fuel and the subsequent storage and disposal of radioactive waste has been given. (author)

  5. Global threat reduction initiative Russian nuclear material removal progress

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In December 1999 representatives from the United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussing a program to return to Russia Soviet- or Russian-supplied highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel stored at the Russian-designed research reactors outside Russia. Trilateral discussions among the United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have identified more than 20 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied HEU fuel. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program is an important aspect of the U.S. Government's commitment to cooperate with the other nations to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-usable proliferation-attractive nuclear materials. To date, 496 kilograms of Russian-origin HEU have been shipped to Russia from Serbia, Latvia, Libya, Uzbekistan, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. The pilot spent fuel shipment from Uzbekistan to Russia was completed in April 2006. (author)

  6. RUSSIAN-IRANIAN NUCLEAR COOPERATION: 1992-2006

    OpenAIRE

    Ter-oganov, Nugzar

    2008-01-01

    Following the disintegration of the U.S.S.R., the Russian Federation, as a successor State, continued cooperation with Iran. From the start, it focused on the nuclear (including military) sphere. Thus, on 17 August, 1992, a bilateral agreement was signed on the peaceful use of nuclear energy, making provisions for the delivery to the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) of two VVER 440 reactors. On 8 January, 1995, Viktor Mikhailov, the Russian atomic energy minister at the time; and Reza Amrollahi...

  7. Organization of radio-ecological monitoring of the areas of the Russian Federation contaminated due to the accident at the Chernobyl NPP (on example of the Bryansk region)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linnik, Vitaly; Korobova, Elena; Vakulovsky, Sergey

    2013-04-01

    A severe accident at the Chernobyl NPP on April 26th, 1986 has led to radioactive contamination of many regions of the former USSR, now belonging to the Ukraine, the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation. Both natural and arable ecosystems have been subjected to fallout of radioactive isotopes. However both the distribution of radionuclides that define radioecological situation has depended not only on the initial contamination density but also on the landscape geochemical features of the areas controlling biogenic and abiogenic factors of radionuclide migration. To study and monitor peculiarities of migration of the most radioecologically significant radionuclides of Cs-137 and Sr-90 in different natural landscapes the Russian Scientific and Practical Experimental Center of the former State Chernobyl Committee has organized in 1992 a network of experimental plots in the most contaminated western part of the Bryansk region. It included 19 plots 100 m x 100 m in size which characterized 8 meadow and 11 forested catenas in the basin of the Iput' river. Cs-137 contamination level of the plots varied in 1992 from 740 kBq/m2 to 1850 kBq/m2. Although the study site has been located in the remote zone and the contamination was of condensation type the sampling performed at 11 plots registered some refractory radionuclides (144Ce, 154Eu, 238,239,240Pu and 90Sr) that proved the presence of fuel particles in fallout as far as 200 km from the damaged reactors. The sampling and monitoring scheme was organized to determine: the isotopic composition and contamination density of the plots; 2) estimation of radionuclide vertical and lateral migration; 3) evaluation of radionuclide inventories in different soil horizons; 4) calculation of radionuclide transfer in soil-plant system. Radiation measurements included field gamma-spectrometry using collimated gamma spectrometer "Corad" developed in the Kurchatov Institute and laboratory spectrometry the soil and plant samples

  8. RADIATION SITUATION IN THE FAR EASTERN REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION ON THE BASIC OF SPRING AND SUMMER SURVEYS IN 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. G. Onischenko

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents analysis of radiological survey data in the Far Eastern territories of the Russian Federation performed by experts of Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-being (Rospotrebnadzor Administrations and Federal Health Organizations "Centers of Hygiene and Epidemiology" of the Rospotrebnadzor in cooperation with the Saint-Petersburg Research Institute of Radiation Hygiene, in the time period from March to June 2011. The authors present preliminary assessment for contribution of the fallout carried by air currents from the Fukushima nuclear power plant in contamination of surveyed areas and population exposure doses.

  9. Financial and economic problems of nuclear power in the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear power plants of Russia operating in the base-loading mode guarantee the stability of electric power generation and in fact make notable contribution to ensuring the power security of the state. NPPs raise power generation and improve safety parameters successfully competing with the most cost efficient fossil fuel TPP's existing at the Federal Wholesale Market of Power and Generation Capacity (FOREM). However, the FOREM which is being established under the hospices of the RSC 'IPS of Russia' has a number of significant deficiencies. As the result of that the nuclear power does not have the possibility to make use of the Cost-efficient and essential effect of the NPPs operation within the structure of the IPS of Russia. In reality this effect is redistributed to the advantage of low-efficiency electric power producers at the federal and regional levels. Under these circumstances people employed in the nuclear power sector are seeking different ways out from the crisis of non-payments in order to overcome the deficiencies existing at the market of power and capacity, namely: introduction at the FOREM of the settlement procedures through transit accounts; concluding contracts between the nuclear power plants and the concern with the direct (priority) payers; approval of tariffs for the transmission of the electric power through the lines of the RSC 'IPS of Russia' and 'AO-energo' with the purpose of concluding direct contracts with the end users; preservation of the investment component in the production cost of the NPPs commercial output up to 2000; establishment of a nuclear power generating company and etc. (author)

  10. Medical irradiation risk assessment based on the data of radiation-hygienic passportization in the regions of the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Ju. Golikov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is aimed at methodology development for collective risk assessment of medical irradiation, basing on results of radiation-hygienic passportization in the Russian Federation regions, i.e. using values of collective effective doses for big groups of medical technologies: photoroentgenography, roentgenography, roentgenoscopy, and computer tomography. Use of the effective dose concept for medical irradiation risk definition involves a number of essential restrictions. Age and sex of the employees and of general population (effective dose concept has been developed for these groups of people may essentially differ from those in patients. Lifelong risk of stochastic effects occurrence in children is 2-3 times higher than the rating values used in effective dose concept, while for elderly people (about 60 years at irradiation time it’s 4-5 times lower. The article suggests the algorithm of effective doses values correcting factors assessment for consideration of dependence of radiogenic cancer risk factors on age and sex. This enables to assess more correctly collective risk of radiology and nuclear medicine imaging. Since patients tend to be elderly and their risk factor is below the rating used in the effective dose concept, the values of these correcting factors for most radiology and nuclear medicine imaging are below one. Thus, in most cases, the effective dose concept leads to conservative assessment of medical irradiation collective risk.

  11. Epidemiological significance of chronic pharyngitis, nasopharyngitis, sinusitis, and rhinitis in Moscow and the Russian Federation in 1996 to 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Aksyonova

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to study trends in the incidence and prevalence of chronic pharyngitis, nasopharyngitis, sinusitis, and rhinitis (CPNSR in differentage groups in Moscow and the Russian Federation (RF in the period 1996 to 2009.Materials and methods. The epidemic significance of CPNSR in Moscow and the RF was estimated, by analyzing the records available in the annual official statistical sources (Form No. 12.Results. The incidence of CPNSR in Moscow in the study period remains lower than those in the RF. Its prevalence among the population in the city and in the country as a whole shows a significant increasing trend. Among the adolescents in both Moscow and the RF, the incidence of CPNSR is higher than that in children and constitutes 24.4 and 31.6 versus 3.3 and 21.8 per 10,000 population, respectively. The childrenand adolescents in the RF are the highest risk groups in the incidence of CPNSR. In 2009, its prevalence rates in Moscow and the RF were 99.5 and 121.3 per 10,000, respectively; which were well above those in 2007 (81.2 and 117.5 per 10,000, respectively.Conclusion. The high incidence and prevalence rates for CPNSR remain high in all population strata in Moscow and the RF, which may be associated with decreased diagnostic alertness and inadequate treatment for upper airway diseases.

  12. The Trilateral Initiative: IAEA Verification of Weapon-Origin Plutonium in the Russian Federation and the United States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One year following the indefinite extension of the NPT, the IAEA, the United States and the Russian Federation entered into a cooperative effort aimed at creating a verification system under which the IAEA could accept and monitor nuclear warheads or nuclear warhead components in relation to the Article VI commitments of both States. Over a six year period, through 98 trilateral events, substantial progress was made on verification arrangements and technologies that could enable the IAEA to carry out such a mission, without gaining access to design or manufacturing secrets associated with nuclear weapons. Substantial progress was made on defining the approaches at lead facilities in the two States. The Board of Governors was looking forward to having the Agency undertake such a mission, and the 2000 NPT Review Conference called for the completion and implementation of the Trilateral Initiative. Then elections changed the leadership in both States and the incoming Administrations decided to end the effort, call it a success, and walk away. This presentation will summarize the creation, history, accomplishments, unresolved issues, consider the legacy and suggest four steps that might now be taken. (author)

  13. Concept Of The Public Safety In The Russian Federation As A Legal Measure Of The Educational Institutions (Organizations Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay A. Chesnokov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present article author researches basic positions presented in the Concept of Public Security in the Russian Federation and focused on the educational institutions (organizations. Author analyzes main sources of threat to the public security: the threat of a criminal nature; terrorist threats; extremist activity; increase in the number of crimes; complication of the crime situation; increase in the number of criminals; high levels of corruption; illegal migration; internal migration; social tension in society; deterioration of the technical state of transport infrastructure; likelihood of emergencies; risk of harm to the human life and health, environment; high probability of fire occurrence in Russia; natural variations in the characteristics of the hydrological regime of water bodies; seismic hazard. Author defines goals of public security, outlines priority (main and other tasks, as well as the principles and key activities to ensure public security. In the conclusion author concludes that public safety, in fact, involves complex nature of activity and contributes to the legal security of educational institution (organization, gives definition of the public security of the educational institution (organization and results of operations for its assuring.

  14. The fundamentals of the Russian Federation National Policy in the non-nuclear fuel cycle radioactive waste management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Extensive manufacture and use of sources of ionizing radiation result inevitably in the generation of a considerable amount of radioactive waste. The crucial objective within the context of the general problem of radioactive waste management involves the safe isolation of radioactive waste from the environment for the entire period of the existence of their potential hazardous impacts upon it. The complex nature of the problem requires substantial efforts to be placed for the establishment of an integrated radioactive waste management system providing a national control in medicine, industry and science. To this end, the fundamentals of the national policy for the safe management of radioactive waste from non-nuclear fuel cycle activities are being developed in the Russian Federation. The essential components of the national policy are: development of a scientifically sound concept of radioactive waste management; adoption of legislative documents such as standards and acts, relevant to this area; implementation and enforcement of state regulations and supervision of the relevant activities; development of a national programme on radioactive waste management; provision and maintaining of a national radioactive waste inventory; radiation monitoring

  15. Evaluation of operational performance of WWER fuel manufactured by JSC MSZ, Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presentation overviews the operational reliability of WWER fuel manufactured by JSC 'MSZ'. The detailed information concerning fuel rod leakage during the period 1997-2000 for 11 units with WWER-440 (V-230 type) reactors is evaluated with the aim to recognize the general factors affecting fuel leakage. The main reasons for fuel leakage are outlined as deviations from water chemistry norms, local and periodic power ramps, increased coolant flow and vibrations, contamination of the 1-st loop due to the debris induce damage of the fuel assemblies and presence of the 'foreign subjects' in the coolant. Useful cooperation between supplier, manufacturer and operator for improving of the fuel reliability is resulted into real measures taken in the Bohunice NPP. Detailed analysis of the Bohunice-1, NPP core characteristics depending on the assembly design is shown that implementation of new fuel modifications and optimization of operating conditions essentially reduce the number of the fuel leakage assemblies. The recent examinations of a leaking WWER-440 fuel assembly have identified the reason for the failure: ingress of a rather big 'foreign object' in the coolant during preventive maintenance and as a result of this few fuel rods have been destroyed by the object during the operation. Some conclusions about WWER-1000 operational reliability are also given

  16. The AIDA-MOX 1 program: Results of the French-Russian study on peaceful use of plutonium from dismantled Russian Nuclear weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Intergovernmental Agreement signed on November 12, 1992, between the governments of France and the Russian Federation instituted cooperation between the two countries for the safe elimination of the excess Russian nuclear weapons. France has allocated 400 million francs to this program, covering transportation and dismantling of nuclear weapons, interim storage and subsequent commercial use of the nuclear materials from the dismantled weapons, nuclear materials accountancy and safeguards, and scientific research. The concept of loading commercial Russian reactors with fuel fabricated from the plutonium recovered from dismantled nuclear weapons of the former Soviet Union is gaining widespread acceptance, and is at the heart of the French-Russian AIDA/MOX project

  17. General characteristics of the institute of bringing senior officials of the subjects of the Russian Federation to justice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chepus A.V.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The theoretical and practical aspects of the problem of bringing senior officials of the RF subjects to criminal liability are analyzed. Legal immunity as the most important feature of their legal status is considered. General characteristic of the liability of such senior officials in the context of the institute of state and law enforcement is provided. The current Russian legislation and judicial practice in this area are analyzed. Special attention is paid to the history of the issue of bringing senior officials to justice, on the example of the Federation Council member status. Basing on the other authors’ researches, the author proposes his own view on the issues of senior officials’ immunity. It’s suggested that in modern legal science the problems of the liability of senior officials of the RF regions aren’t given due attention. There’s no clear understanding of what should be the grounds of such liability, its procedures and application, the legal nature of its sanctions. The author substantiates the position that it’s not necessary to include the regional leaders or heads of executive authorities of the RF subjects in the list of persons having immunity from criminal or administrative prosecution. The arguments are the federal practice – the ministers of the RF Government don’t possess the immunity, and the recent practice – dismissal as a result of loss of confidence. The need to control the activities of the senior officials of the RF subjects and other persons holding the highest positions in the authorities of the RF subjects is substantiated.

  18. Environmental aspects of sulphuric acid in situ leach uranium mining in the permafrost zone (Vitim District, Russian Federation)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Currently in situ leaching pilot tests are in progress at the Khiagda deposit, Vitim District, Russian Federation. The deposit is of the sandstone basal channel type, or paleovalley type in the Russian classification. It contains about 15 000 mt U at an ore grade averaging 0.05% U. Mineralization occurs in permeable unconsolidated Neogene fluvial sediments located below the permafrost which extends to 100 m deep. The basement rock is Paleozoic granite. Neogene-Quaternary basalts overlap the ore hosting sediments. The thickness of the ore host horizon varies from a few meters to 120 m. The depth of mineralization averages 170 m. Ore bodies are of lens and strataform shape. The following types of underground waters have been identified: groundwaters of the near surface or active layer, the aquifer in the Neogene volcanics, the ore host aquifer of the Neogene permeable sediments and fault related waters. The permeability in the ore bearing horizon varies from 0.1 to 20 m/day (averages 2 to 3 m/day). The waters of the productive aquifer are not suitable for industrial nor potable water supply due to their initial chemical composition. The ore host horizons occur between two impermeable horizons, which confine leaching solutions. Using sulphuric acid solutions as leaching reagent decreases the pH and increases Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) of the groundwaters within the leaching area due to concentration of sulphate-ion and other dissolved components. Principal components contaminating the underground waters are sulphates of aluminium, manganese, nickel and chrome. Their content during leaching significantly exceeds initial values. The available information on residual acid migration with the ground water shows that the concentration of contaminants significantly decreases away from the leaching contour. This occurs due to precipitation of contaminants during migration of the underground water from ISL sites. The external contour of the contamination aureole is defined

  19. ISTC contribution to the global challenge of illicit trafficking of fissile material: Unique technical solutions from the Russian Federation-CIS aiming at non-proliferation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization created in 1992 by the Russian Federation, the European Union, the USA and Japan, located in Moscow, for non-proliferation purposes, which the Republic of Korea, Norway, Canada and most of the former Soviet republics joined afterwards. The mission of ISTC is to support the non-proliferation of technologies linked to weapons of mass destruction (WMD) by redirecting former Soviet weapons scientists, engineers and technicians to peaceful research, thus preventing the drain of sensitive knowledge and expertise from the Russian Federation and other Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries to countries of concern. The core activity of the Center consists of funding individuals performing science and technology projects in the Russian Federation and CIS covering different areas, to a large extent in nuclear energy, biotechnologies, physics, nanotechnologies and solutions to environmental problems. Among the wide range of funded projects and other supportive actions, a key topic has always been the improvement of nuclear safety, in particular, technologies aiming to mitigate and avoid illicit trafficking of fissile material. Based on proven internal strengths and enough critical mass, ISTC support to this global threat has been considered of prior interest to the parties and chosen security as a topic for the ISTC Programmatic Approach Initiative. It offers the opportunity to focus on S and T related to this specific field (there are nine more) and to employ best practices from the past to future ISTC activities. The development of a targeted initiative on security would provide resources to ease ISTC beneficiaries (i.e. the WMD complex personnel in the Russian Federation/CIS) to reorient their activity in a more sustainable way by facilitating a platform for collaborative research to solve global society needs. (author)

  20. Proposals for the Future Development of the Russian Automated Federal Information System for Nuclear Material Control and Accounting: The Universal Reporting Concept

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Development of the automated Russian Federation Federal Information System for Nuclear Material Control and Accounting (FIS) started in 1996. From the beginning, the creation of the FIS was based on the concept of obtaining data from the material balance areas of the organizations, which would enable the system to collect detailed information on nuclear material. In December 2000, the organization-level summarized reporting method was mandated by the Russian Federation and subsequently implemented for all organizations. Analysis of long-term FIS objectives, reporting by all the MBAs in Russia, showed that the present summarized reporting approach decreed by regulations posed a fair number of problems. We need alternative methods that allow the FIS to obtain more detailed information on nuclear material but which accurately reflect the technical and economic resources available to Russian organizations. One possible solution is the universal reporting method. In August 2003, the proposals of the FIS working group to transition to the universal reporting method were approved at the fourth meeting of the Joint Coordinating Committee for Implementation of the Russian Federation and U.S. Government-to-Government Agreement on Cooperation in the Area of Nuclear Material Physical Protection, Control and Accounting (JCC). One of the important elements of universal reporting is that organizations handling nuclear material will establish 'reporting areas' in cooperation with MinAtom of Russia. A reporting area may consist of one MBA, several MBAs, or even an entire organization. This paper will discuss the universal reporting concept and its major objectives and methods for the FIS.

  1. Influence of the type of state system on constitutional legislation: some issues of theory and practice. (by the example of the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan Republic)

    OpenAIRE

    Tolybek Zhunuskanuly Zhunuskanov

    2015-01-01

    Objective to study the basic laws of the constitutional law functioning of Kazakhstan Republic and the Russian Federation and its subjects in the system of law and legislation as an institutional phenomenon to study the impact of government form on the constitutional law of the state. Methods general scientific dialectic approach to cognition comparativelegal theoretical predictive etc. and other methods integral institutional situational systemicfunctional etc. have been used in com...

  2. Termination of tax liability upon liquidation of a juridical person (by the founders’ decision): comparative characteristics of legislations of the Russian Federation and Ukraine

    OpenAIRE

    Alla R. Oleynik

    2016-01-01

    Objective to compare legislative acts reflecting the termination of tax obligations upon liquidation of the legal entity by foundersrsquo decision in the Russian Federation and Ukraine as well as to develop proposals for optimization of legislation in force. Methods to achieve the goal the following basic methods of research were used in the article 1 comparativelegal 2 comparative 3 logical methods and 4 analysis. Results the legal nature of the obligation to pay taxes and ...

  3. Termination of tax liability upon liquidation of a juridical person (by the founders’ decision: comparative characteristics of legislations of the Russian Federation and Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alla R. Oleynik

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective to compare legislative acts reflecting the termination of tax obligations upon liquidation of the legal entity by foundersrsquo decision in the Russian Federation and Ukraine as well as to develop proposals for optimization of legislation in force. Methods to achieve the goal the following basic methods of research were used in the article 1 comparativelegal 2 comparative 3 logical methods and 4 analysis. Results the legal nature of the obligation to pay taxes and fees was investigated basing on the analysis of the Basic Law of Ukraine and the Russian Federation. Taking into account the provisions of the Taxation Code of Ukraine and the Russian Federation we analyzed the nature of the obligation to pay taxes. The amendments in the applicable tax legislation of Ukraine were proposed regarding the liquidation of the legal entitynbspndash the taxpayer ndash after completion of all settlements with the budget system. Scientific novelty for the first time through the use of complex general and special methods of research a legal conflict was identified and remediation was proposed by optimizing the norms of the Ukraine Taxation Code regarding the opportunities of liquidation of the legal entity ndash the taxpayer ndash after completion of all settlements with the budget system of Ukraine. Practical significance the main provisions and conclusions can be used in research and teaching and also in practical activities of the tax authorities. nbsp

  4. Elaboration of the international transfer mechanism of reduction in greenhouse gas emissions on the basis of the Russian federal law About agreements of products sharing'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suggestions for a comprehensive legal framework for the implementation in Russia of the flexibility mechanisms established under the Kyoto Protocol (i.e. joint implementation; clean development mechanism; international emissions trading) are proposed. It is suggested that the legal framework be established using the principles embodied in the existing Russian federal law, 'About agreements of product sharing' adopted in 1995. As a basic requirement, it is suggested that the new federal law must include the fundamental elements required to create possibilities for the Russian Federation to participate in the process of certified emission reductions (CER) transfer, emissions reduction unit (ERU) negotiation, and adjusted amount units (AAU) trading within the framework of the Kyoto Protocol implementation. The new law must also embody the basic procedures required to enter into agreements at the international, inter-regional and inter-sectoral levels. Failure to develop the legislative support and the legal framework to facilitate valid Russian participation in the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol will prevent many valuable initiatives and projects from being realized

  5. Lithium ceramic of blankets intend for Russian fusion reactors and an influence of the ceramic properties on parameters of reactor tritium systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Russian Controlled Fusion Program involves development of a DEMO design and participation in ITER Project. A solid breeder blanket in DEMO contains a ceramic orthosilicate lithium breeder and a beryllium multiplier. Test Modules of the blanket are developed in a frame of ITER activities. Experimental models of tritium breeding zones (TBZ) for the Modules, materials and technology fabrication of the TBZ, tritium reactor systems to control and treat of gases released from lithium ceramic being developed. Two models of tritium breeding and neutron multiplying elements of the TBZ were designed, manufactured and have been tested already in IVV-2M nuclear reactor. The first model consists of lithium orthosilicate ceramic sphere pebbles (1-1.5 mm diameter) and beryllium sphere (0.1 and 1.0 mm diameter). Ceramic cylindrical pellets (11 mm diameter and 10 mm height) and porous beryllium (20% porosity) are in the second model. Some properties and microstructure of the ceramic elements are performed. Initial results of some changes of ceramic structure and in-pile experimental ratio of hydrogen and oxygen form of tritium release in helium/neon purge gas are presented. These results and outcome of irradiated LiAlO2, Li4SiO4 and Li2SiO3 ceramics in a water-graphite nuclear reactor are considered to be a DATE BASE for development of the Test Modules and the DEMO blanket and influence of the kinetic tritium release parameters on DEMO tritium systems are discussed. (author)

  6. ACCIDENT AT «FUKUSHIMA-»I NPP: FIRST RESULTS OF EMERGENCY RESPONSE REPORT 2: ACTIVITIES OF THE ROSPOTREBNADZOR AUTHORITIES FOR THE RADIATION PROTECTION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION POPULATION ON THE EARLY STAGE OF ACCIDENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. G. Onischenko

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Basic measures of the Rospotrebnadzor emergency response during the early stage of the «Fukushima-I» NPP radiation accident are being analyzed in the article. Radiation monitoring of the environmental objects of the territories of the Russian Federation Far East Federal District, radiation control of arriving from Japan vehicles, freights and passengers as well as imported from Japan food products were promptly organized. This allowed to get reliable evaluations of the levels of radioactive contamination at the Russian Federation territory and population exposure doses due to the «Fukushima-I» NPP accident, timely exclude the possibility of import to the Russian territory for the freights, vehicles, food products having contamination exceeding established in the Russian Federation standards.

  7. Communication of 29 April 1996 received from the permanent mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency regarding guidelines for the export of nuclear material, equipment and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency has received a note verbale of 29 April 1996 from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation providing information on the export policies and practices of the Government of the Russian Federation with respect to nuclear transfers. In light of the request expressed in the note verbale, the text of the note verbale and its attachment is being circulated

  8. Environmental impact of nuclear industry and power generation in the Russian Federation: assessment of contribution to general damage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of the study was assess the contribution of nuclear industry and power generation to environmental pollution in the Russian Federation. The general aim is to provide rationale for the sound strategy and priorities in addressing issues related to technogenous environmental pollution at the national and regional governance levels. Estimates were derived from data found in reviews published by federal environmental protection authorities. The impact of major sectors of economy to contamination of the environment was estimated through analyzing the amount of chemical and radioactive releases, as well as parameters of air, water, soil and forest contamination for economic regions and provinces where major nuclear plants are located. Pollutant maximum permissible concentrations (MPC) for natural environment media (ambient air, natural water, soil) as adopted in RF were taken as evaluation criteria. A relative pollution index taking account of the gross product value in the given sector of economy was proposed for the purposes of economic assessment. According to reported data nuclear power and industry plants make no adverse effect on the ambient air quality in impact areas. Emissions of industrial gases and pollutants, and fossil-fuel combustion (dust and soot, NO2, CO etc.) remain the main sources of dangerous (exceeding MPC) chemical air pollution in each province concerned. The leading industries contributing a principal load to air pollution are: automobile transport, metallurgy, etc. Specific pollution indexes were calculated for several major sectors: φ=P/(MPC)·M m3/Rb, where P is gross pollutant emission, g/year; MPC - as above, g/m3; M is value of annual production, Rb/year. Values of φ for these sectors are given in table form. Water quality in most natural fresh water resources fails to meet the standards, the most widespread pollutants being represented by oil products, phenols, etc. Major sources of water pollution are: industrial wastewater

  9. THE ACTIVITIES OF THE STATE APPARATUS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE SPHERE OF DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY COOPERATION WITHIN THE COLLECTIVE SECURITY TREATY ORGANIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Mikhailovich Gontar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the conditions existing on the territory of post-Soviet realities, solution of the task of ensuring independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty is impossible without the adequate security component. The Collective Security Treaty was signed on May 15, 1992 within the frame of the CIS to join the armed forces of the State parties, which were integral parts of the military potential of the Soviet Union. Having inherited the major part of military units and military infrastructure of the former Soviet Union, Russia had a significant impact on the development of military cooperation of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO.The author gives the definition of military cooperation of the CSTO, highlights its main components and the necessity of their development, the order of the development of the main directions in military cooperation, the role of the Russian leadership in their formation.The study characterizes the work of the State apparatus of the Russian Federation carried out for the development of military cooperation of the CSTO, notes the main difficulties arising in the process of formation and development of the main directions of military cooperation. The study indicates the influence of the foreign policies of the CSTO member-states on the intensity of military cooperation. The conclusion highlights the role and place of military cooperation as one of the directions in interaction between the CSTO member-countries, the work of the State apparatus of the Russian Federation on its development, and outlines the main directions of further development.

  10. Pedagogical Analysis of Higher Educational Standard of Bachelor’s Professional Education with Specialization in Taxes and Taxation at the Universities of Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudenko Natalia

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The problem of tax officials’ training in Russian Federation is considered to be the main topic of the article. In the context of integration processes, the study of European countries’ experience, in particular, of Russian Federation, as well as the implementation of progressive ideas of tax service specialists’ professional training, have been actualized. Pedagogical analysis of the higher educational standard of bachelor’s professional education with specialization in taxes and taxation has been carried out. The branches of future tax service professional activity have been defined. The structure and content of the bachelor’s basic educational program of training in specialty 080100.62.04 “Economy” (profile “Taxes and taxation” have been defined as well, inter alia, the meaning and features of the variable part of the program. The analysis of the students’ practical training and types of the final state assessment of the graduates has been performed. Types of the professional activity have been analyzed and main tasks of a tax service specialist’s training have been defined as well. General cultural competences have been described. According to the types of the professional activity, professional competences important for the future tax service officials have been defined. The relevance of using Russian Federation’s experience, in particular, the educational standard of higher professional education of bachelor’s degree in profile “Taxes and taxation” with the updated content and forms of Ukrainian state tax service professional training activity, has been proved.

  11. Russian Federation; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2006-01-01

    Russia’s large oil and gas reserves play a key role in its economic development. As with many other large oil exporters, Russia’s energy wealth is also posing numerous challenges to macroeconomic management. Although fiscal policy has saved a large part of the oil windfall in the Oil Stabilization Fund (OSF), this has not been guided by a consistent long-term framework. The framework is illustrated with numerical simulations of different fiscal spending rules that are consistent with sust...

  12. Cooperation between the Russian Federation and the United States to enhance the existing nuclear-material protection, control, and accounting systems at Mayak Production Association

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Ministry of the Russian Federation for Atomic Energy (MINATOM) and the US Department of Energy (DOE) are engaged in joint, cooperative efforts to reduce the likelihood of nuclear proliferation by enhancing Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC ampersand A) systems in both countries. Mayak Production Association (MPA) is a major Russian nuclear enterprise within the nuclear complex that is operated by MINATOM. This paper describes the nature, scope, and status of the joint, cooperative efforts to enhance existing MPC ampersand A systems at MPA. Current cooperative efforts are focused on enhancements to the existing MPC ampersand A systems at four plants that are operated by MPA and that produce, process, handle and/or store proliferation-sensitive nuclear materials

  13. Cooperation between the Russian Federation and the United States to enhance the existing nuclear-material protection, control, and accounting systems at Mayak Production Association

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Ministry of the Russian Federation for Atomic Energy (MINATOM) and the US Department of Energy (DOE) are engaged in joint, cooperative efforts to reduce the likelihood of nuclear proliferation by enhancing Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC and A) systems in both countries. Mayak Production Association (Mayak) is a major Russian nuclear enterprise within the nuclear complex that is operated by MINATOM. This paper describes the nature, scope, and status of the joint, cooperative efforts to enhance existing MPC and A systems at Mayak. Current cooperative efforts are focused on enhancements to the existing MPC and A systems at two plants that are operated by Mayak and that produce, process, handle and/or store proliferation-sensitive nuclear materials

  14. Cooperation Between the Russian Federation and the United States to Enhance the Existing Nuclear-Material Protection, Control, and Accounting Systems at Mayak Production Association

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Ministry of the Russian Federation for Atomic Energy (MINATOM) and the US Department of Energy (DOE) are engaged in joint, cooperative efforts to reduce the likelihood of nuclear proliferation by enhancing Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC and A) systems in both countries. Mayak Production Association (Mayak) is a major Russian nuclear enterprise within the nuclear complex that is operated by lylINATOM. This paper describes the nature, scope, and status of the joint, cooperative efforts to enhance existing MPC and A systems at Mayak. Current cooperative efforts are focused on enhancements to the existing MPC and A systems at two of the plants operated by Mayak that work with proliferation-sensitive nuclear materials

  15. Electronic structure and optical properties of RbPb2Br5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavrentyev, A. A.; Gabrelian, B. V.; Vu, V. T.; Denysyuk, N. M.; Shkumat, P. N.; Tarasova, A. Y.; Isaenko, L. I.; Khyzhun, O. Y.

    2016-04-01

    We report on density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the total and partial densities of states of rubidium dilead pentabromide, RbPb2Br5, employing the augmented plane wave+local orbitals (APW+lo) method as incorporated in the WIEN2k package. The calculations indicate that the Pb 6s and Br 4p states are the dominant contributors to the valence band: their main contributions are found to occur at the bottom and at the top of the band, respectively. Our calculations reveal that the bottom of the conduction band is formed predominantly from contributions of the unoccupied Pb 6p states. Data of total DOS derived in the present DFT calculations are found to be in agreement with the experimental X-ray photoelectron valence-band spectrum of this compound. The predominant contributions of the Br 4p states at the top of the valence band of rubidium dilead pentabromide are confirmed by comparison on a common energy scale of the X-ray emission band representing the energy distribution of the valence Br p states and the X-ray photoelectron valence-band spectrum of the RbPb2Br5 single crystal. Main optical characteristics of RbPb2Br5, such as dispersion of the absorption coefficient, real and imaginary parts of dielectric function, electron energy-loss spectrum, refractive index, extinction coefficient and optical reflectivity are explored for RbPb2Br5 by the DFT calculations.

  16. The Exploration of Intellectual Property Court of Russian Federation%探索中的俄罗斯联邦知识产权法院

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施刚

    2015-01-01

    俄罗斯联邦知识产权法院是司法改革的产物。俄罗斯国家转型以来,特别是加入WTO以后,为加强对知识产权的司法保护力度,对全国司法体系特别是仲裁法院系统进行了一系列的变革,知识产权法院正是在这样的历史背景下应运而生。作为俄罗斯仲裁法院系统内设置的审理知识产权案件的专门法院,俄罗斯联邦知识产权法院的设立与运行标志着俄罗斯在知识产权司法保护方面进入了一个全新的时代。了解俄罗斯联邦知识产权法院设立的历史背景、组织架构、审判职能、管辖范围及其在俄罗斯法院体系中的地位,加强中俄双方在知识产权司法保护方面的交流与合作,对于我国法学研究和司法实践具有现实价值和借鉴意义。%The intellectual property court of Russian Federation is the product of judicial reform of Russian Federation. The court was born in the historical background when the national legal system especially the arbitration court system has conducted a series of changes since the Russian Federation state transition, especially after it entered WTO. As the special court for intellectual property rights cases which was established in Russian arbitration court system, the establishment and operation of intellectual property court of Russian Federation marks the judicial protection of intellectual property rights has entered into a new epoch. To complete this paper the author has translated the ifrst-hand resources such as the original works of Russian and the information from the Russian Federation court website and referred the resources of Russia’s domestic law scholars. This paper is mainly to introduce such as the historical background of establishment of the court, organizational structure of it, functions of it, limits of jurisdiction and the status it’s in the court system in Russia. And it’s necessary to emphasize the realistic value and

  17. Actual problems of the antimonopoly requirements` observance in the bidding for the sale of land in the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey Pavlovich ANISIMOV

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A comprehensive view of the topic of Antimonopoly regulation in the sphere of land auctions for the Russian legal science and legal science other Eastern European countries is highly relevant. The importance of such research is that foreign companies having business in Russia are not always aware of specificity in land tendering legal regulation and antimonopoly requirements in this sphere. Moreover, the practice of violation of antimonopoly legislation in the sphere of land tendering and probable means of legislation improvement may hereby present more interest for them. The authors cite and analyze various typical violations in the sphere of land tendering, including publication of land auctions notices in an improper printing agency; lack of applications registration and putting forward extra requirements towards the participants; display for land parcels auctions for which no technical specifications of networking have been determined and no payment for such networking has been established; attempts of local administration to provide land parcels without prior approval of the objects’ places of location and without auctions (though such a procedure is of an extremely local character and is only performed in cases expressly specified by the Federal Law; collection of extra and illegal fees from physical and legal entities for participation in auctions; tendering in cases when they are not to be carried out under the Law (gardening, haymaking; underpricing of a land parcel, etc. Eventually a conclusion is drawn on the effectiveness of auctions which shall be secured by establishing a legal procedure which details and definitely determines tendering regulations, requirements towards the participants and order of agreement’s conclusion. Control on the part of antimonopoly bodies, undoubtedly, allows forming barriers for dishonest participants of the auctions. The authors assume that it is rather difficult to achieve absence of mal-usage by

  18. Proactive coping and spirituality among patients who left or remained in antiretroviral treatment in St Petersburg, Russian Federation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pecoraro, Anna; Pacciolla, Aureliano; O'Cleirigh, Conall; Mimiaga, Matthew; Kwiatek, Piotr; Blokhina, Elena; Verbitskaya, Elena; Krupitsky, Evgeny; Woody, George E

    2016-03-01

    Positive Psychology, the study of "positive" factors or strengths and evidence-based interventions to increase them, is a rapidly developing field that is beginning to be applied to HIV care. Proactive coping and spirituality are two positive characteristics that have been examined in multiple chronic serious health conditions. In the present study, lost-to-care (LTCs; did not attend treatment for ≥12 months; n = 120) and engaged-in-care HIV clinic patients (EICs; attended treatment for ≥12 months and adherent with antiretrovirals; n = 120) in Leningrad Oblast, Russian Federation were compared on the Proactive Coping Inventory and View of God Scale. EICs had higher scores in proactive coping [t(229) = 3.69; p = .001] and instrumental [t(232) = 2.17; p = .03] and emotional [t(233) = 2.33; p = .02] support, indicating that they engage in autonomous goal setting and self-regulate their thoughts and behaviors; obtain advice and support from their social network; and cope with emotional distress by turning to others. LTCs had higher scores in avoidance coping [t(236) = -2.31; p = .02]. More EICs were spiritual, religious, or both [ χ(2)(1, N = 239) = 7.49, p = .006]. EICs were more likely to believe in God/Higher Power [χ(2)(1, N = 239 = 8.89, p = .002] and an afterlife [ χ(2)(1, N = 236) = 5.11, p = .024]; have a relationship with God/Higher Power [ χ(2)(1, N = 237) = 12.76, p = .000]; and call on God/Higher Power for help, healing, or protection [ χ(2)(1, N = 239) = 9.61]. EICs had more positive [t(238) = 2.78; p = .006] and less negative [t(236) = -2.38; p = .002] views of God. Similar proportions, but slightly more EICs than LTCs were members of a faith community; members of a12-step group; or attended religious or spiritual services, meetings, or activities. More EICs than LTCs engaged in private spiritual or religious activities, such as

  19. Russian RERTR program works status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the results of the works under the Russian RERTR Program for the past period and some plans for the future. In 1994, a branch program entitled 'Design of Fuel Elements and Fuel Assemblies with 20% Uranium-235 Enriched Fuel for Research Reactor Cores' was developed and initiated by the order of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Atomic Energy. The major objectives of the Program are as follows: Prevention of nuclear weapons proliferation; retaining the market for FA supplies to the CIS and East European countries, etc.; enabling Russia's participation in competition projects for building research reactors in different countries of the world. In connection with the lack of financing, the 1994 Branch Program was not implemented in full within the schedule. Currently, Russian RERTR program has been developed and implemented, with the completion dates of 2004-2005. It has specified the works with regard for the revision of the concept of certain tasks and their accomplishment dates and also with introduction of new problem solution paths

  20. Optical pump-probe processes in Nd 3+ doped KPb2Br5, RbPb2Br5, and KPb2CI5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently, laser activity has been achieved in the low phonon energy, moisture-resistant bromide host crystals, neodymium-doped potassium lead bromide (Nd3+:KPb2Br5) and rubidium lead bromide (Nd3+:RbPb2Br5). Laser activity at 1.07 (micro)m was observed for both crystalline materials. Laser operation at the new wavelengths 1.18 (micro)m and 0.97 (micro)m resulting from the 4F5/2+2H9/2 → 4IJ transitions (J=13/2 and 11/2) in Nd:RPB was achieved for the first time in a solid state laser material. In this paper we present cw pump-probe spectra in order to discuss excited state absorption, reabsorption processes due to the long lived lower laser levels as well as possible depopulation mechanisms feasible for more efficient laser operation in these crystals. The bromides will be compared with potassium lead chloride (Nd3+:KPb2Cl5)

  1. Cooperative Russian-French experiment on plutonium-enriched fuels for fast burner reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Various kinds of nuclear fuels with an increased plutonium content are under study according to the program including three stages: fabrication, irradiation in BOR-60 reactor, post-irradiation examination. Flowsheets for fabricating pelletized and vibrocompacted fuels of UPu0.45O2, UPu0.45N, UPu0.6N, PuN + ZrN, PuO2 + MgO are presented along with basic fuel properties. The irradiation of oxide fuel is carried out in an individual irradiation device at rated maximum temperature of the fuel at the beginning of irradiation equal to 2100 deg C. The irradiation of nitride fuel and the fuel based on inert matrices is performed in the other device with the aim of limitation of maximum temperature by the value of 1550 deg C. The duration of irradiation for all fuel types constitutes 750 EFPD. Fuel element charge in Bor-60 reactor core was realized in 2000

  2. The Russian gas industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Russian Federation holds the world's largest proven natural gas reserves, and produces more natural gas than any other nation. Russian exports of gas to Europe and the other nations of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) have a significant impact on natural gas markets throughout Europe and Asia. The aim of this three part study is to inform the international energy and investment community about the current status of the Russian gas industry and the prospects for its future development through 2010. It is also intended to provide an opportunity for the appropriate authorities in the Russian Federation to assess the needs of the industry and to consider areas for possible collaboration with the international investment community and international organizations in a rapidly changing economic and business environment. The study was prepared by the Energy Branch of the United Nations Department for Development Support and Management Services (UN/DDSMS). It was financed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Part I describes Russian gas reserves and potential resources, and overviews the country's gas producing, pipeline and distribution industries. Additionally, it summarizes the markets for Russian natural gas including domestic and external markets. It discusses the primary economics and potential factors that currently impact the Russian gas industry during the Federation's transition toward a market economy. Part II highlights possible directions for the development of the Russian gas resource base, including upstream gas production and downstream marketing in five-, ten- and fifteen-year time frames. It projects export opportunities for Russian Federation gas and evaluates the options for shaping regional and international markets. Part III addresses the legal and regulatory framework and fiscal regime of the Russian gas industry. It also reviews the major investment requirements and the equipment and training needs of the Russian gas

  3. A floating cogeneration system using the Russian KLT-40 reactor and Canadian reverse osmosis water purification technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As the global consumption of water increases with growing populations and rising levels of industrialization, major new sources of potable water production must be developed. To address this issue efficiently and economically, a new approach has been developed in Canada for the integration of reverse osmosis (RO) desalination systems with nuclear reactors as an energy source. The use of waste heat from the electrical generation process to preheat the RO feedwater, advanced feedwater pre-treatment and sophisticated system design integration and optimization techniques have led to improved water production efficiency, lower water production costs and reduced environmental impacts. CANDESAL Inc., has studied the use of its approach to the application of RO technology in the Russian APWS-80 floating nuclear desalination plant. Case studies show that water production efficiently improvements up to about 16% can be achieved. The energy consumed for the CANDESAL optimized APWS-80 design configuration is 4.2 kW·h/m3 compared to the base APWS-80 design value of 4.9 kW·h/m3. Although only a preliminary study, these results suggest that significant improvements in the cost of water production can be achieved. The potential benefits warrant further detailed evaluation followed by a demonstration project. (author). 1 ref., 6 figs, 2 tabs

  4. Analysis of Russian Federation budget revenues from the implementation of export duties ''60-66-90'' scheme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Innovative development of the national economy provides qualitative transformation of the refining sector. In order to promote the depth of oil refining and the relative increase the refining share in oil extraction the Government of Russian Federation has changed the mechanism for calculating export duty on crude oil, light and dark oil. This research work addresses the nature of financial implications for the budget system in connection with these changes. Different effects are observed for oil extractors and oil refiners. Conclusions are reasoned by calculations

  5. Identification of Selected Areas to Support Federal Clean Energy Goals Using Small Modular Reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belles, Randy [ORNL; Mays, Gary T [ORNL; Omitaomu, Olufemi A [ORNL; Poore III, Willis P [ORNL

    2013-12-01

    This analysis identifies candidate locations, in a broad sense, where there are high concentrations of federal government agency use of electricity, which are also suitable areas for near-term SMRs. Near-term SMRs are based on light-water reactor (LWR) technology with compact design features that are expected to offer a host of safety, siting, construction, and economic benefits. These smaller plants are ideally suited for small electric grids and for locations that cannot support large reactors, thus providing utilities or governement entities with the flexibility to scale power production as demand changes by adding additional power by deploying more modules or reactors in phases. This research project is aimed at providing methodologies, information, and insights to assist the federal government in meeting federal clean energy goals.

  6. Sources Related to the Social-Political Movement in the Territory of the Black Sea Governorate in 1905–1907 (Based on Materials from the Archive Repositories of the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin V. Taran

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article examines a set of sources related to the social-political movement in the territory of the Black Sea Governorate during the First Russian Revolution (1905-1907. The author analyzes and classifies sources discovered in the archive repositories of the Russian Federation. The author concludes the article by pointing out that there is a copious set of sources covering the social-political movement in the territory of the Black Sea Governorate during the First Russian Revolution. These include judicial/investigative materials, print media, documents of a personal nature by members of political organizations, memoirs, and correspondence.

  7. Investigating water purification system of primary coolant circuits of Russian WWER reactor using ion exchange resins

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The protection of environment from contamination, especially radioactive material is an important task. The operation of nuclear power plants is usually with production of radioactive elements in the first element cycle, Combined using Ion Exchange Resins, The Radioactive d elements will be Separated from coolant cycle. In this project, the decontamination system of first coolant cycle in WWER power plant is considered for the determination of decontamination factor of several ion exchange resins. Amberlite and Dowex were used and after the Passing of Atomic Energy Organization of Iran-Reactor coolant water, the capability of re mines were determined. The Results indicates that Amberlite Resin has better efficiency for absorption of radioactive elements. and can be used in the first coolant cycle of WWER nuclear power plants

  8. Influence of the type of state system on constitutional legislation: some issues of theory and practice. (by the example of the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolybek Zhunuskanuly Zhunuskanov

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective to study the basic laws of the constitutional law functioning of Kazakhstan Republic and the Russian Federation and its subjects in the system of law and legislation as an institutional phenomenon to study the impact of government form on the constitutional law of the state. Methods general scientific dialectic approach to cognition comparativelegal theoretical predictive etc. and other methods integral institutional situational systemicfunctional etc. have been used in combination with the requirements of objectivity comprehensiveness historicism specificity and consistency generally accepted in the analysis of the statelegal phenomena. Results on the basis of comparative legal analysis of the Kazakhstan Constitution the Constitutions and charters of subjects of the Russian Federation normative legal acts regulating the constitutionallegal relations and research of the views of scientists on this topic the impact of government form on the constitutional law of a state was examine a conclusion was made about the significance of the Constitution in shaping the constitutional law. Scientific novelty for the first time with the use of the public methods the role of the Constitution and constitutional legislation of the countries in the development of the modern RussianKazakhstan legal discourse was investigated. The impact of government form on constitutional law was analyzed the concept of constitutional law was proposed. Practical value the main provisions and conclusions of the article can be used in scientific and pedagogical activity when addressing issues of the role of the Constitution and constitutional law in the development of the legal system and the impact of government form on them. nbsp

  9. Corruption in the justice system analysed in a Human Rights perspective : A case study of the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    This thesis investigates the relationship between corruption in the Russian justice system and human rights violations. The hypothesis is that such corruption increases human rights abuses. Both law enforcement and the judiciary are included since they are equally important for human rights implementation. The thesis relies on international human rights instruments as the legal framework, focusing on civil and political rights. The link between corruption and human rights violations is concep...

  10. The framing of unconventional natural gas resources in the foreign energy policy discourse of the Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The advent of unconventional resources of natural gas has altered the order on global as well as continental gas markets. With rising liquidity, the position of established dominant suppliers is eroding. We focus on the initial response of Russia, the leading supplier of natural gas to Europe, to the new situation, building the research on unit-level constructivism and discourse analysis. We use frame analysis to reveal what image of unconventional resources was constructed in Russian foreign energy policy discourse (FEPD) in the period between 2009 and 2011, when the “unconventional revolution” did not yet have any sharp contours. We conclude that in Russian FEPD the unconventionals are considered as a distinctive and inferior source of energy compared to conventional natural gas. Emphasis is put on their economic irrationality and environmental hazards. The bottom line of the discourse is the idea that there is a choice between conventional and unconventional sources, with this choice being framed as one between good and bad, or right and wrong. - Highlights: • We examine the image of “unconventional gas” in Russian foreign energy policy discourse. • Two main frames (reliable supplier and triumphant natural gas) were identified. • Two main argumentation schemes (economic and environmental) were identified. • The “unconventional gas” is defined as a mistaken and inferior source of energy

  11. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF AVAILABILITY OF THE MEDICINES FOR PRIVILEGED CATEGORIES OF CITIZENS SUFFERING FROM DIABETES MELLITUS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND UKRAINE BASED ON THE PHARMACEUTICAL LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shapovalov VV (Jr

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available World Health Organization paid close attention to the timely detection and treatment of diabetes mellitus, since there are more than 382 million people suffering from this disease in the world. Life expectancy of patients with diabetes mellitus is twice as less when compared to their peers who do not suffer health problems and leading a healthy way of life. Based on the statistical data shows that 80% of patients on diabetes live in countries with a low standard of living. The dynamics of diabetes considered not only as a serious disease, but also as an important medical and pharmaceutical, social, economic and criminal legal problem, which is now very important for the Russian Federation, Ukraine and other countries of the world. This is because there is a constant increase in the number of patients suffering from diabetes on, with chronic diseases, the development of micro- and macrovascular complications, which lead to a reduction in life expectancy due to deterioration of its quality. At the same time the availability of the medicines for privileged categories of citizens, who suffer from diabetes mellitus in the Russian Federation and Ukraine depends on many factors. Some of these factors are improving of the management measures and control over the circulation of medicines (drugs; prevention and disease prevention; the use of personalized pharmacotherapy; ensuring the availability of essential medicines for privileged categories of citizens.Therefore, the aim of the work was to study the particularities of legal documents in Ukraine and Russia, aimed at organizing the rules regulating the circulation of the medicines used for diabetes mellitus pharmacotherapy by generalizing forensic and pharmaceutical practices related to the violation of the rights of patients with diabetes. To improve the system of measures of state control over the increasing availability of medicines for citizens of privileged contingent based on the norms of

  12. Protocol between the Russian Federation and the International Atomic Energy Agency Additional to the Agreement between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Protocol between the Russian Federation and the International Atomic Energy Agency Additional to the Agreement between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Board of Governors approved the Protocol on 21 March 2000. It was signed on 22 March 2000 in Vienna. Pursuant to Article 11 of the Additional Protocol, the Protocol entered into force on 16 October 2007, the date on which the Agency received from the Russian Federation written notification that the procedures of the Russian Federation required for entry into force had been met

  13. Requirements for electricity producing gas-cooled reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes requirements to a high-temperature gas-cooled reactor from the view-point of a utility in the Federal Republic of Germany. The requirements presented in the paper address different areas including plant size, availability, safety and economics. (author)

  14. Assisting in the development of a comprehensive, effective, and sustainable nuclear regulatory structure for the Russian Federation. A process report from the U.S. Department of Energy's material protection, control and accounting program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the process and strategies used by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC and A) Regulatory Development Project (RDP) to support the development of MPC and A regulations in the Russian Federation. The RDP adopted a project management approach to defining, implementing, and managing an effective nuclear regulatory structure. This approach included defining and developing the regulatory documents necessary to provide the Russian Federation with a comprehensive regulatory structure that supports an effective and sustainable MPC and A Program in Russia. This effort began in February 2005, included a series of three multi-agency meetings in April, June, and July and resulted in a joint plan to define and populate the nuclear regulatory system in the Russian Federation for non-military, weapons-usable material. This nuclear regulatory system will address all non-military Category I and II nuclear material at Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom), Russian Agency for Industry (Rosprom), and Federal Agency for Marine and River Transport (FAMRT) facilities; nuclear material in transport; and nuclear material under the oversight of the Federal Environmental, Industrial and Nuclear Supervisory Service of Russia (Rostekhnadzor). This graded MPC and A approach allows for optimal resource allocation and contributes to risk reduction for the most attractive categories of nuclear material. The Russian and U.S. MPC and A management teams approved the plan, and the DOE National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) NA- 255, Office of Infrastructure and Sustainability (ONIS), is providing funding. The Regulatory Development Project is managed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for DOE NNSA. (author)

  15. Small Border Traffic and Cross-Border Tourism Between Poland and the Kaliningrad Oblast of the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anisiewicz Renata

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Polish and Russian cross-border cooperation is governed by lawful agreements. The enlargement of the Schengen Area had a significant impact on Kaliningrad Oblast relations and cross-border cooperation with its neighbours. The introduction of visas between Poland and Russia hindered and restricted local border trade which had for years been the only measure mitigating social and economic problems of the cross-border regions. Nevertheless, border traffic between Poland and Kaliningrad grew steadily, to exceed four million in 2012.

  16. An assessment of the health and environmental situation in the mining community Krasnokamensk, East Siberia, Russian Federation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Swedish delegation has visited a uranium mining area, Krasnokamensk, in east Siberia to find facts concerning health and environment in the area. The impression of the delegation is that the uranium activities as such have not had any significant impact on the health and environmental situation in the area. However, there is a small village within the mining area, Octyabrskij, where indoor radon levels are increased. As the Russian authorities are aware of this matter, dwellings having radon levels above the limit will be evacuated and later demolished. 19 figs, 15 tabs

  17. An assessment of the health and environmental situation in the mining community Krasnokamensk, East Siberia, Russian Federation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ehdwall, H.; Rising, A.; Hjalmar, A.; Lindholm, I.; Persson, Bertil; Wingren, H.

    1995-12-01

    A Swedish delegation has visited a uranium mining area, Krasnokamensk, in east Siberia to find facts concerning health and environment in the area. The impression of the delegation is that the uranium activities as such have not had any significant impact on the health and environmental situation in the area. However, there is a small village within the mining area, Octyabrskij, where indoor radon levels are increased. As the Russian authorities are aware of this matter, dwellings having radon levels above the limit will be evacuated and later demolished. 19 figs, 15 tabs.

  18. Communication from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency regarding guidelines for transfers of nuclear-related dual-use equipment, materials, software and related technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency has received a Note Verbale from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation providing information on the export policies and practices of the Government of the Russian Federation with respect to the export of nuclear-related dual-use equipment, materials, software and related technology. In the light of the wish expressed at the end of the Note Verbale, the text of the Note Verbale is attached. The attachment to the Note Verbale was issued previously as INFCIRC/2541Rev. 4/Part 2

  19. Recent and future developments of the oil industry in Russian Federation and more particularly in the Republic of Baskortostan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of the thesis is to analyse the actual situation in the Russian oil industry and to envisage basic ways if its future development. The first chapter evaluates the place of the former USSR and Russia in the world and particularly European systems of energy supply. The three next chapters analyse the currents situation in the sectors of oil exploration and production, logistics and refining in Russia. The fifth chapter aims to figure out the perspectives of the refining industry taking into account the evolution of demand for basic petroleum products and the production capacities. Optimisation of refining and production volumes between the Russian refineries is done by minimising the transportation cost between the refineries and consuming regions by using linear programming. The last chapter analyses the regional impacts of the oil industry taking the Republic of Baskortostan as example. The contribution of the oil industry to regional development is evaluated in the framework of the export base theory using the Input-Output analysis as mathematical tool. (author)

  20. Russian Model Of The Administrative Justice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalja I. Jaroshenko

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available On December 25, 2014 it would be twenty-one year since the Constitution of the Russian Federation was adopted on the national referendum on December 12, 1993. During this time, almost all constitutional provisions are implemented. The key point of course was the judicial reform in Russia, launched simultaneously with the adoption of Constitution of the Russian Federation. Adopted the new Civil Procedural Code, Criminal Procedural Code, Arbitration Procedural Code of the Russian Federation, Federal Constitutional Law "On the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation", Federal Constitutional Law "On the courts of general jurisdiction in Russia", Federal Constitutional Law "On the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation". However, during twenty-one year of Russian Constitution work, the question on establishment of administrative courts in our country has not been resolved. Merger of the Supreme Court and the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation, which happened in the year 2014, also shown the need to resolve the status of administrative courts in Russia. Previously submitted to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation the draft of the Federal Constitutional Law "On the Federal Administrative Courts in the Russian Federation" and is on the revision, which does not correspond to changes in the judicial system of the Russian Federation. Despite the failure of the Federal Constitutional Law "On the Federal Administrative Courts in the Russian Federation", in the opinion of the author, and it should be called that way, it Russia has already developed an own model of the Russian administrative justice, which is very specific.

  1. STUDENT VOLUNTEER ORGANIZATIONS IN THE MINISTRY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION FOR CIVIL DEFENSE, EMERGENCIES AND ELIMINATION OF CONSEQUENCES OF NATURAL DISASTERS SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pravdov Mikhail Aleksandrovich

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim: the studing of the motivation of youth to volunteer activity. During the investigation were used methods of discussion, interviewing, interrogation and mathematical processing of data. In the article the experience of forming of youth voluntary social associations in Ivanovo region are regarded and the forming of a volunteers student group–“Sova” on the base of Ivanovo institute of the public fire service of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters. Was the level of Knowledge of Students about volunteer activity revealed, as well as the role student youth’s participation in volunteer organizations and the influence of the student volunteer associations on the development of pupils’ personalities in boarding school.

  2. Transition of the Russian federation to new educational standard: independent work of students as a factor in the quality of educational process*

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    Kremlev Artem

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is devoted to changes in the organization of independent work of students. These changes are associated with transition of the Russian Federation to new educational standards. In this regard, systemically-active approach to educational process, which is also called competence-based approach, comes to replace the knowledge-based model of education. Independent work of students as one of the main components of the competence-based approach is aimed not only at achieving of educational goals, but mainly on the formation of personal qualities of the future specialist - self-knowledge, self-development and self-realization. These qualities form a new competent person who meets the requirements of the labor market. The research includes consideration of issues such as organization, planning, monitoring methods of self-dependent student work taking into account the requirements of the educational standard.

  3. Reconstruction of the absorbed external doses to the population living in areas of the Russian Federation contaminated as a result of the Chernobyl accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For epidemiological studies aimed at understanding how the radiation factor affected the people living in the areas contaminated following the Chernobyl accident, knowledge is required of radiation loads for human organs and tissues from external and internal exposure. In this respect of great importance are data about absorbed doses received in the first year after the accident. Methods and assessments available in the literature are based on a simple approximation of one time entrance of radionuclides into the environment. Space-time characteristics of depositions have been reconstructed with varying accuracy, primarily for 137Cs and 131I. Therefore, now 8 years after the accident, it seems important to reconstruct the complete dynamic picture of the radioactive contamination of the Russian Federation with consideration of newly published data about the source term. 5 refs, 1 fig, 1 tab

  4. The Comparative Analysis of Investment Activities on the Oil Refining Enterprises in the Russian Federation (on the example of JSC "LUKOIL" and JSC "GAZPROM-Refinery"

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    O.V. Trofimov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to research of specific features of investment management on the oil refining enterprise in the Russian Federation. The aim of this article is to give a comparative analysis of investment activities on the oil refineries. To achieve this goal the article will be addressed the following tasks: 1. Studying the academic definition of the term investment, then, on the basis of the studied material and the comparative analysis, offer the own definition of this term; 2. Giving the examples of investment activities of several oil refineries, namely, PJSC "LUKOIL" and PJSC "GAZPROM oil refinery"; 3. Analyzing the statistics of refineries, and justifying the investment on the oil refinery.

  5. Field and laboratory nuclear techniques in the transport study of radionuclides in the aeration zone and groundwaters of the Russian Federation territory exposed to radioactive contamination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Methodology and results of the field and laboratory investigations are presented in the development and application of the nuclear techniques in studying migration mechanisms and characteristics of radionuclides released into the environment due to Chernobyl accident. Geological, hydrogeological, geochemical, landscape and radioecological characterization of the territory of the Russian Federation affected by the radionuclide fallouts is given. The nuclear techniques used and improved are described and evaluated. These are nuclear well-logging for profiling soil density and moisture; artificial isotope tracer (including multi-tracer) technology for simultaneous determination of water (tritiated) and radionuclide (90Sr, 137Cs) movement velocity, diffusion/dispersion coefficients, Kd- and retardation factors; Chernobyl radionuclides survey in soils, sediments, surface and groundwaters to estimate radioecological conditions and consequences; natural stable (D, 18O), and radioactive (T, 14C) isotope methods for evaluating the genesis and residence time (age) of groundwaters and other techniques. 24 refs, 12 figs, 11 tabs

  6. COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF APIXABAN AS COMPARED WITH WARFARIN AND ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID IN PATIENTS WITH NON-VALVULAR ATRIAL FIBRILLATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

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    A. V. Rudakova

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background. For prevention of thromboembolic events in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF the following types of antithrombotic therapy are used: anticoagulant therapy with vitamin K antagonists (such as warfarin, antiplatelet therapy (such as acetylsalicylic acid and novel oral anticoagulants such as apixaban, rivaroxaban and dabigatran. Administration of vitamin K antagonists (VKA is complicated by the need for individual dose adjustment and frequent monitoring of international normalized ratio (INR. Both warfarin and acetylsalicylic acid are widely used for thrombosis prevention in patients with NVAF in the Russian Federation.Aim. To evaluate the cost-effectiveness ratio of apixaban compared with warfarin and acetylsalicylic acid in patients with NVAF from the Russian Federation national health care system perspective.Material and methods. This analysis used a Markov model that allowed estimation of the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER for apixaban as compared with warfarin and acetylsalicylic acid over lifetime horizon in VKA suitable and VKA unsuitable patients with NVAF respectively. The model enclosed cardiovascular event rates based on the results of the randomized clinical trials comparing clinical effectiveness and safety of apixaban with warfarin (ARISTOTLE and acetylsalicylic acid (AVERROES. The following cardiovascular events were taken into consideration: ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, systemic embolism, intracranial hemorrhage, other major bleeds, clinically relevant non-major bleeds and myocardial infarction. Direct medical costs were determined based on the rates of the compulsory national medical insurance system. The price of the antithrombotic drugs was taken as a weighted average tender price for the year 2013. In the model both costs and benefits (quality-adjusted life years and life-years were discounted at 3.5%. Cost-effectiveness threshold was set at 1.4 million rubles per quality

  7. Workplace monitoring and occupational health studies at the centre for production of phosphorus mineral fertilizers, Voskresensk (Moscow Region, Russian Federation), using nuclear and related analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The phosphate fertilizer production has a pathological impact on its occupational staff causing fluorosis, respiratory and other diseases. Nuclear and related analytical techniques such as NAA, AAS, and XRF were used to establish correlation between the concentrations of elemental pollutants in raw materials, byproducts, humans, and the workplace. This, in turn, allowed us to determine how man's biosubstrates can be used to follow the rate of pathological changes in the organism as it is being exposed to intense technogenic environments. For the first time an attempt was made to elucidate the problem Phosphate Fertilizer - Occupational Health. The most typical associations of element-pollutants in the shops and premises of the 'Mineral Ferlilizer' plant in Voskresensk, Russian Federation, were revealed while monitoring the workplace. The monitoring strategy developed in our study for this kind of industry in Russia is offered for dissemination at similar fertilizer plants in any part of the world. (author)

  8. Site characterization techniques used in restoration of agricultural areas on the territory of the Russian Federation contaminated after the accident at the Chernobyl NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The experience gained in the aftermath after the heavy radiation accidents shows the need for improvement in site characterisation techniques and methodology in order to provide a link between site characterisation and the selection of restoration strategies. This paper gives an overview of the site characterisation techniques used in restoration of contaminated agricultural lands on the territory of the Russian Federation. The approach used for site characterisation and selection of restoration strategies is described. The main site specific factors influencing the choice of restoration options are identified. Data on the efficiency of major restoration measures used for the remediation of agricultural lands after the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant and the Kyshtym accidents are given. A description of the decision support system FORCON, designed to simplify the selection of restoration options, is presented. (author)

  9. Comments on Presentation on Industrial Nuclear Explosion Sites in the Russian Federation: Recovery and Institutional Monitoring Problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. National Academy of Sciences selected 6 U.S. scientists to review papers prepared by Russian specialists in 6 specific areas of radioactive waste management concern. As one of the U.S. specialists selected, Don Bradley attended a meeting in Moscow, Russia where the papers were formally presented. Following the presentation, eah one was critiqued by the U.S. specialist. In Mr. Bradley's case the topic was contamination at Peaceful Nuclear Explosion test sites (PNE's). The formal title of the meeting was: 'Cleaning Up Sites Contaminated with Radioactive Materials'. Following discussions with the U.S. team, each of the U.S. specialists was charged with writing up a short comment paper for the U.S. Academy of Sciences. This is Mr. Bradley's comments on the presentation by Kasatkin V.V., Kamnev Ye.N. and Ilyichev V.A. (Rosatom, FGUP VNIPIpromtechnologii) .

  10. A prospective, open-label, non-comparative study of palivizumab prophylaxis in children at high risk of serious respiratory syncytial virus disease in the Russian Federation

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    Turti Tatyana V

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV is a leading cause of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs in children globally. Predisposing conditions for the development of serious RSV disease include preterm infants and those with cardiopulmonary illness, including congenital heart disease (CHD and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD. No vaccine is currently approved for the prevention of RSV infection. It is recommended that children at high risk be prophylactically administered palivizumab, a monoclonal antibody that has been shown in a number of clinical studies to reduce hospitalization rates due to serious RSV infection. The objective of the current study was to determine the safety and effectiveness of palivizumab in preventing serious RSV disease in high-risk children in the Russian Federation. Children at high risk of serious RSV disease (ie, born at ≤35 wk gestational age and ≤6 mo of age, and/or aged ≤24 mo with BPD or hemodynamically significant CHD were enrolled. Subjects were to receive 3 to 5 monthly injections of palivizumab 15 mg/kg (depending on the month of the initial injection over the RSV season. The primary endpoint was RSV-related hospitalizations. Adverse events (AEs were reported through 100 days following the final injection. Results One hundred subjects received ≥1 injection of palivizumab; 94 completed their dosing schedule. There were no RSV hospitalizations or deaths. Six of 7 subjects hospitalized for respiratory/cardiac conditions had an RSV test, which was negative in all cases. Three non-serious AEs (acute intermittent rhinitis and rhinitis, 1 subject; atopic dermatitis, 1 subject were considered possibly related to palivizumab. All other AEs were mild or moderate and considered not related/probably not related to palivizumab. Conclusion Palivizumab was generally well tolerated and effectively prevented serious RSV infection in a mixed population of high-risk children in the Russian

  11. Some aspects of the Russian nuclear fuel cycle development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The existing in the Russian Federation scheme for handling SNF from power reactors, research and transportation units allows safe storage and partial reprocessing of irradiated fuel. The present report illustrates the role of enterprises affiliated to Minatom's Department of Nuclear Fuel Cycle: The RT-1 complex of the 'Mayak' Production Association carries out radiochemical reprocessing of SNF from WWER-440 reactors in Russia and Ukraine, BN-600 reactor, SNF from research reactors and nuclear power plants of sea vessels; The Mining and Chemical Complex carries out centralized intermediate storage of SNF from WWER-1000 reactors in Russia and Ukraine; some SNF from WWER-1000 and RMBK-1000 is currently stored in water medium in on-site pools. Therefore we could state that the Russian Federation has actually implemented two nuclear fuel cycles for different types of reactors: Closed nuclear fuel cycle for SNF from WWER-440, BN-600, research reactors and ship's nuclear power plants - the cycle includes radiochemical reprocessing of fuel and partial use of the recovered products (uranium, plutonium and other nuclides) and different techniques for waste treatment and storage; Deferred nuclear fuel cycle for SNF from WWER-1000, RBMK-1000 and some other activities. The annual volume of SNF unloaded from a single NPP unit and cumulative volume of SNF generated by Russian NPP's. It is clear that the total volume of SNF generated in the Russian Federation is relatively small (below 10% of the world SNF). The capacity of the existing repositories for SNF from WWER-1000 will be sufficient for 6 to 8 years, and the capacity of the repositories for SNF from RBMK will be exhausted in 3 to 5 years. Some fuel from research reactors and criticality test beds is located on site of large Russian nuclear centers, e.g. Research Institute of Nuclear Reactors (NIIAR), Physics Energy Institute (FEI) and Kurchatov Institute. Creation of a dry repository at the Mining and Chemical Complex

  12. An experience of information support of the Russian federal programs of the overcoming of consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 1992, by a number of paragraphs of the federal programs on overcoming consequences of accident on Chernobyl NPP, the measures on informational-analytic support of the federal programs were provided. Within the framework of this activity for the solution of various aspects of Chernobyl's problem central bank of generalized data and numerous information systems were created. In the report the brief description of some of them is presented. In particular the databank on radioactive situation includes the information on 12 thousand settlements of Russia which have been exposed to radioactive contamination as a result of the accident.The medico-demographic section of a databank includes information on death rate for the reasons for all subjects of Russian Federation since 1982 till the present time. The developed information systems are available to all participants of work on overcoming of consequences of the accident. There are given the examples of integral estimates in short- and long-term forecasts of development of a situation in territories suffered by the accident at the Chernobyl NPP. (author)

  13. Minority Languages of the Russian Federation: Perspectives for a Ratification of the European Charter of Regional and Minority Languages. Mercator Working Papers = Las lenguas minoritarias de la Federacion Rusa Perspectivas para una ratificacion de la Carta Europea de las Lenguas Regionales y Minoritarias. Mercator Documentos de trabajo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieytez, Eduardo J. Ruiz

    This paper describes the linguistic plurality of the Russian Federation, assessing the impact that the hypothetical ratification of the European Charter of Regional and Minority Languages could have on it. Four sections focus on the following: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Part 1--The Linguistic Plurality of the Russian Federation": the linguistic…

  14. Federal support for nuclear power: reactor design and the fuel cycle. Energy policy study. Volume 13

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper analyzes five categories of programs relevant to the past and future development of nuclear power: research and development on reactor design and related topics; US support for international nuclear programs and promotion of exports of nuclear powerplants; Federal purchases of uranium and related programs; Federal ownership and operation of nuclear fuel enrichment services; and waste disposal programs. The programs included in each of these areas is identified and their evolution described. The final chapter summarizes the discussion in terms of economic categories relevant to an assessment of the importance of the programs covered for the past and future development of the nuclear power industries

  15. Analysis of Russian transition scenarios to innovative nuclear energy system based on thermal and fast reactors with closed nuclear fuel cycle using INPRO methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the results of the analysis of modeling of Russian nuclear energy (NE) scenarios on the basis of thermal and fast reactors with closed nuclear fuel cycle (NFC). Modeling has been carried out with use of CYCLE code (SSC RF IPPE's tool) designed for analysis of Nuclear Energy System (NES) with closed NFC taking into account plutonium and minor actinides (MA) isotopic composition change during multi-recycling of fuel in fast reactors. When considering fast reactor introduction scenarios, one of important questions is to define optimal time for their introduction and related NFC's facilities. Analysis of the results obtained has been fulfilled using the key INPRO indicators for sustainable energy development. It was shown that a delay in fast reactor introduction led to serious ecological, social and finally economic risks for providing energy security and sustainable development of Russia in long-term prospects and loss of knowledge and experience in mastering innovative technologies of fast reactors and related nuclear fuel cycle. (author)

  16. Communication from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency regarding the export of nuclear material and of certain categories of equipment and other material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of a letter received by the Director general of the IAEA from Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Atomic Energy Agency concerning the export of nuclear material and of certain categories of equipment and other material

  17. CERN-HI-1202040 tirage 29 (front row) Russian Federation Secretary of the Security Council N. Patrushev with Adviser T. Kurtyka and Permanent Mission to the UN Adviser A. Petrov in the LHC tunnel at Point 1.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    On 14 February Nikolai Patrushev, secretary of the Security Council for the Russian Federation, was welcomed to CERN. He visited the ATLAS underground experimental area, the LHC tunnel and ATLAS Visitor Centre before viewing the Universe of Particles exhibition at the Globe of Science and Innovation.

  18. IS IT NECESSARY TO VACCINATE CHILDREN AGAINST HEPATITIS A ROUTINELY IN PRESENT TIME? THE EVALUATION OF RESULTS OF SUCH STRATEGY OF HEPATITIS A VACCINE PROPHYLAXIS IN SELECTED REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

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    I. V. Shakhgildian

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Data about efficacy of conducting of routine vaccination of children against Hepatitis A are presented in the article. The results of realization such strategy of vaccine prevention of Hepatitis A in selected regions of Russian Federation are evaluated. The perspectives of using this experience in other regions of the country is discussed.

  19. A Live Vaccine from Brucella abortus Strain 82 for Control of Cattle Brucellosis in the Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    During the first half of the 20th century, widespread regulatory efforts to control cattle brucellosis (Brucella abortus) in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics were essentially nonexistent, and control was limited to selective test and slaughter of serologic agglutination reactors. By the 1950...

  20. Implementation of the provisions of the European social charter on the right to protection of youth from the danger of causing physical and psychological harm in the process of their labor in the labor law of the Russian Federation

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    Marina Eduardovna Kandel

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective to analyze special measures and safeguards enshrined in the provisions of Art. 7 of the European Social Charter which provides protection of children and adolescents from the danger of causing physical or psychological harm in the process of their labor and its implementation in the Labor Law of the Russian Federation in connection with acceptance of obligations under Art. 7 of the European Social Charter. Methods comparative legal research method was applied. Results the comparative legal analysis was carried out of the implementation of measures and warranties expressed in Art. 7 of the European Social Charter which guarantee the right of children and adolescents to be protected from the danger of causing physical and psychological harm in the process of their employment within the Russian Labor Law investigation was made of the degree of compliance of norms of the Russian Labor Law with the specified provisions of the Charter and the requirements of European Convention the necessary measures are listed to fill up the norms and gaps in the Russian Labor Law. Scientific novelty for the first time the article presents a comprehensive comparative legal study on the implementation of measures and safeguards embodied in Art. 7 of the Charter which guarantee the right of children and adolescents to be protected from the danger of causing physical and psychological harm in the process of labor activity in the Russian norms of Labor Law the degree of their compliance with the Charter is determined practical steps are offered to reform the Russian legislation with the aim of implementation of the assumed Charter obligations by the Russian Federation. Practical value the measures for the protection of children proposed by the author can be used in scientific legislative and lawenforcement practice in Russia. nbsp

  1. Judiciary on Russian Constitutional System

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    Vladislav Arkhipov

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is about new constitutional order in Russia emphasizing fundamental areas as the role of judiciary in the Russian Constitutional System from 1993 Constitution, the one which replaced the 1978 Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Constitution based on communist ideology. Therefore, it is intended to examine the principle of separation of powers, constitutionally recognized human rights and liberties, relationship between international bodies’ case law of human rights and the Russian Constitutional Court, among others issues.

  2. LEVELS OF CHILDREN EXPOSURE FROM NATURAL IONIZING SOURCES AT CHILD EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE TERRITORY OF SOME RUSSIAN FEDERATION SUBJECT TERRITORIES

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    I. P. Stamat

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article presents results of research done for evaluation of the average annual equivalent equilibrium volumetric activity of radon isotopes in the air of premises of child educational institutions located in the territory of a number of Russian Federation subject territories. It is shown that the indicator value for some buildings of these institutions exceeds not only the norm of 200 Bq/m3 for the existing public buildings, specified in the Radiation Safety Norms-99/2009 (NRB-99/2009, but even the level of 400 Bq/m3, demanding according to the item 5.1.4 of the Main Sanitary Rules for Radiation Safety -99/2010 (OSPORB-99/2010 that the issue of reprofiling of the building or part of premises must be considered when this level is exceeded. The experience of collaboration between Rospotrebnadzor Administration with the Administration of the Federation subject territory and municipalities for implementation of targeted radon mitigation measures at child preschool and school institutions is presented on an example of Sain-Petersburg.

  3. 76 FR 12938 - Magnesium Metal From the Russian Federation: Extension of Time Limit for Preliminary Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    ... Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Administrative Reviews, 75 FR 29976 (May 28, 2010). On December 17, 2010... Federation: Extension of Time Limit for Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, 75 FR... Administrative Determination Deadlines Pursuant to the Tariff Act of 1930, As Amended, 70 FR 24533 (May 10,...

  4. Overview of the Russian nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 2004, President Poutine decided to replace the atomic energy ministry (Minatom) by the federal atomic energy agency (Rosatom). Several projects were launched during the next two years which aimed at bringing back Russia to the fore front of the world leaders of nuclear energy use and nuclear technology export. In 2007, Rosatom agency was changed to a public holding company and a new company, named Atomenergoprom, was created which gathers all civil nuclear companies (AtomEnergoMash for the exploitation of power plants, Technabsexport (Tenex) specialized in enrichment or Atomstryexport in charge of export activities). Thus, Rosatom is at the head of all civilian and military nuclear companies, of all research centers, and of all nuclear and radiological safety facilities. In 2006, Russian nuclear power plants supplied 15.8% of the whole power consumption. Russia wishes to develop its nuclear program with the construction of new reactors in order to reach a nuclear electricity share of 25% from now to 2020. This paper presents first the 2007 institutional reform of the Russian atomic sector, and the three sectorial federal programmes: 1 - development of the nuclear energy industrial complex for the 2007-2010 era and up to 2015 (future power plants, nuclear fuel centers and reactor prototypes), 2 - nuclear safety and radioprotection for the 2008-2015 era (waste management, remedial actions, radiation protection), 3 - military program (confidential). Then, the paper presents: the international actions (export of Russian technology, cooperation agreements, non-proliferation), the situation of the existing nuclear park (reactors in operation, stopped, under construction and in project), the fuel cycle activities (production of natural uranium, enrichment, fuel fabrication, spent fuel storage, reprocessing, waste management), the nuclear R and D in Russia, and the nuclear safety authority. (J.S.)

  5. [Systemic Antimicrobials Consumption and Expenditures in Departments of Surgery of Multi-Profile Hospitals in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus: Results of Multicentre Pharmacoepidemiological Study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkova, Yu A; Rachina, S A; Kozlov, R S; Mishchenko, V M; Pavlukov, R A; Abubakirova, A I; Berezhanskiy, B V; Eliseeva, E V; Zubareva, N A; Karpov, I A; Kopylova, I A; Palyutin, Sh Kh; Portnyagina, U S; Pribytkova, O V; Samuylo, E K

    2016-01-01

    The results of the systemic antimicrobials (AM) consumption and expenditures assessment in the departments of surgery of multi-profile hospitals in different regions of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus in 2009-2010 based on retrospective collection and analysis of the data from the hospital expenditure notes using ATC/DDD methodology are presented. The average AM consumption and expenditure rates in the above mentioned departments varied from 24.9 DDD/100 bed-days to 61.7 DDD/100 bed-days depending on the department profile, with beta-lactams (cephalosporins and penicillins) share in the consumption being as high as 70-90%, followed by fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides. Only 55-70% of the consumed AM belonged to the drugs of choice, whereas the improper AM consumption and expenditure rates amounted up to 10-18%. The study outputs can be used for the budget allocation and AM distribution improvement in the departments of surgery, as well as for the development and efficacy control of the local antimicrobial stewardship programs. PMID:27337864

  6. Important factors governing exposure of the population and countermeasure application in rural settlements of the Russian Federation in the long term after the Chernobyl accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rural settlements located in areas of the Russian Federation contaminated after the Chernobyl accident and exceeding an annual dose of 1 mSv a-1 have been classified according to 137Cs contamination density, internal dose and the neighbourhood of forests. It has been shown that, with the exception of the most contaminated areas, the internal doses decreased in accordance with a decline in 137Cs availability for plant root uptake. An inverse tendency was observed in areas with 137Cs contamination above 555 kBq m-2 which can be explained by a reduction or even termination of countermeasure application and by an increasing consumption of forest products in areas where restrictive countermeasures are still implemented. Twenty-seven settlements have been studied to estimate the effectiveness of countermeasures applied previously and to identify the most important factors governing the radiation exposure to the population and its change with time. It has been shown that the effectiveness of countermeasures which resulted in a decrease of up to 40% of doses has a tendency to decline in the long term. The need for continuation of remediation in rural settlements was evaluated both for selected settlements and extrapolated to the whole contaminated area and it has been shown that the application of countermeasures will be of importance at least up to the year 2045. Rather high effectiveness in terms of internal dose reduction (factor of 2-2.5) of radical improvement (disking, ploughing and reseeding) and administration of Cs binders to animals (Ferrocyn) was demonstrated for the selected settlements. It could be demonstrated that for forest-remote settlements there is a linear dependence between internal dose normalised to the density of contamination and the proportion of peat soils around settlements. For near-forest settlements, this dependence was less pronounced which can be explained by the high contribution of forest food products to the internal dose. Milk is still

  7. Lessons learned from the first U.S./Russian Federation joint tabletop exercise to prepare for conducting on-site inspections under the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty; TOPICAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A U.S./Russian Federation Joint Tabletop Exercise took place in Snezhinsk, Russia, from 19 to 24 October 1998, whose objectives were the following: (1) To simulate the actions of the Inspection Team (IT), including interactions with the inspected State Party (ISP), in order to examine different ways the United States and Russian Federation (RF) approach inspections and develop appropriate recommendations for the international community. (2) To identify ambiguities and contradictions in the interpretation of Treaty and Protocol provisions that might become apparent in the course of an inspection and that need clarification in connection with the development of Operational Manuals and on-site inspection (OSI) infrastructure. (3) To confirm the efficacy of using bilateral tabletop exercises to assist in developing an effective Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) verification regime. (4) To identify strong and weak points in the preparation and implementation methods of such exercises for the purpose of further improving possible future exercises

  8. Status of fast breeder reactor development in the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Problems of public acceptance of nuclear power have affected the development of fast breeder reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany. Besides cooperation with UK, USA and Japan, the most outstanding event in the field of international fast breeder cooperation was a set of the agreements between Germany and France. These agreements opened the possibility of joint fast breeder development by Germany together with Belgium and the Netherlands. Most activities on the site of Compact Sodium Cooled Nuclear Reactor KNK-II were concerned with commissioning of the plant and final construction work. Criticality was achieved in Oct. 1977 and low-power tests performed. This paper includes a description of the status of construction of SNR-300 reactor and the results of research and development programmes performed. These were concerned with fuel elements development and results of irradiation experiments; development of cladding materials and core element structural materials; interaction between fuel and cladding; sodium tests; development and verification of computer codes; experiments in fast critical assemblies; fast rector safety; core disruptive accidents; development of instrumentation; thermodynamics od fuel assemblies; fluid dynamics

  9. Russian Reset

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cermak, Daniel; Holmgård, Christoffer

    2015-01-01

    Daniel Cermak-Sassenrath, Christoffer Holmgård. Russian Reset. Installation. HyperKult XXV: Shutdown, Lüneburg, FRG, Jul 9-11, 2015.......Daniel Cermak-Sassenrath, Christoffer Holmgård. Russian Reset. Installation. HyperKult XXV: Shutdown, Lüneburg, FRG, Jul 9-11, 2015....

  10. Chernobyl's legacy: Health, environmental and socio-economic impacts and recommendations to the Governments of Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine. The Chernobyl Forum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nearly 20 years after the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (NPP) accident, many questions remained unanswered regarding the health, environmental, and socio-economic consequences of the disaster. The individuals and countries most affected had yet to obtain a clear scientific consensus on the impact of the accident and authoritative answers to outstanding questions. To fill this void and to promote better understanding and improved measures to deal with the impacts of the accident, the Chernobyl Forum was established in 2003. The Chernobyl Forum is an initiative of the IAEA, in cooperation with the WHO, UNDP, FAO, UNEP, UN-OCHA, UNSCEAR, the World Bank and the governments of Belarus, the Russian Federation and the Ukraine. The Forum was created as a contribution to the United Nations' ten-year strategy for Chernobyl, launched in 2002 with the publication of Human Consequences of the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident - A Strategy for Recovery. To provide a basis for achieving the goal of the Forum, the IAEA convened an expert working group of scientists to summarize the environmental effects, and the WHO convened an expert group to summarize the health effects and medical care programmes in the three most affected countries. The information presented in this document and in the two full expert group reports has been drawn from scientific studies undertaken by the IAEA, WHO, UNSCEAR and numerous other authoritative bodies. In addition, UNDP has drawn on the work of eminent economists and policy specialists to assess the socio-economic impact of the Chernobyl accident, based largely on the 2002 UN study as above

  11. Large-scale and Medium-scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances Registered during Magnetic Storms over North-Eastern Region of Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanova, Vera; Kurkin, Vladimir

    2016-07-01

    Earth's ionosphere is dynamical steadily changed medium. On a level with daily and seasonal variations of ionospheric parameters there are irregular components connected with wave motions in neutral atmosphere. F2 ionosphere region disturbances are developed in global scale during geomagnetic storms and characterized considerable variations in F2-region critical frequencies and heights. High frequency oblique-incidence sounding method allows us to diagnose ionospheric parameters variations in regions poorly equipped with vertical sounding stations. In this work we provide the analysis of large-scale and medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (LS and MS TID's accordingly) registered during experiments from 2006 till 2011 which carried out by means of the monthly duration sets with 5-min intervals over oblique-incidence sounding paths located in the north-eastern region of Russian Federation. For the analysis we have been chosen experimental data obtained during minor and moderate geomagnetic storms. After ionograms processing maximum observed frequencies (MOF) deviations from median values were calculated. Using MOF deviations from medians the analysis of LS TID's appearance cases was carried out. Studied MOF deviations from medians can be caused by cusps on ionograms also. These cusps move with the course of time through the sequences of ionograms along upper rays from region with higher delays to region with lower delays. Such cusps on ionograms are caused by MS TID's. In this work the analysis of MS TID events registration by these cusps on ionograms was carried out. Then the comparison between LS and MS TID's appearance probability was performed. It is shown that registered MOF variations are caused by superposition of wave-like processes of different scales taken place in ionosphere during magnetic storms. This work was supported by the RFBR grants No 14-05-00259-a and No 14-05-00578-a.

  12. Unconventional options for plutonium disposition. Proceedings of a technical committee meeting held in Obninsk, Russian Federation, 7-11 November 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This publication summarizes discussions and presents selected papers from a Technical Committee meeting that the IAEA convened in Obninsk, near Moscow, Russia, 7-11 November 1994 at the invitation of the Ministry of the Russian Federation on Atomic Energy, and which was hosted by the Institute of Physics and Power Engineering. The meeting focused on the disposition of plutonium produced from the operation of nuclear power plants in areas related to the nuclear fuel cycle. Plutonium is formed in all existing nuclear power plants and the unconsumed part remaining in spent fuel is a generic by-product of nuclear power generation. Over the next 15 to 20 years, a significant amount of plutonium will be produced in nuclear power stations worldwide, adding to amounts already in storage. Additionally, the world's plutonium stocks are being affected by decisions concerning the management and utilization of plutonium recovered from nuclear weapons which are being dismantled. In this context, national strategies are directed at reducing the stockpiles of separated plutonium worldwide, and in further developing technologies capable of safely and securely using and handling plutonium. The purpose of the IAEA's Technical Committee meeting was to consider unconventional approaches for plutonium disposition, both from the points of view of the fuel cycle as a whole and the specific types of nuclear fuel being used. The aims were to obtain technical descriptions of these approaches, engineering judgements on their technological status and development, and reports on national experience in this field. The meeting's results and conclusions are providing valuable guidance for future activities in this subject area. Refs, figs and tabs

  13. The impact of the year 2000 issue on electricity grid performance and nuclear power plant operation in Bulgaria, the Russian Federation and Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Y2K date conversion is a potential source of problems to the operation of nuclear power plants through external events and interfaces with electrical power systems, telecommunication systems, and other supporting infrastructures, even if diagnostic and corrective actions within the plant itself, both planned or implemented, are successful. At the end of 1998 there were 425 nuclear power plants in operation in 31 Member States. Most countries and regions are conducting intensive diagnostic and corrective activities to 'find and fix' Y2K software (including embedded software) and equipment problems in their nuclear power plants. These efforts are supplemented by contingency plans. Other countries and regions have not been making comparable efforts and are relying mainly on contingency planning and preparedness. Results of diagnostic and corrective activities can be of benefit to all Member States. Activities on 'find and fix' Y2K problems in electricity grid control systems and computer related technology in national and regional dispatch centers could be of considerable benefit due to the widespread use of the same components, equipment, and software. Consistent with the objectives of the International Atomic Energy Agency's Y2K program, an experts meeting was convened to collect information on Y2K activities related to grid operation in countries that operate nuclear power plants and also to identify specific actions to be taken and issues to be addressed in connection with expected grid disturbances. The countries of eastern Europe and the Russian Federation were considered to be a very important region due to delays in taking Y2K corrective actions but also due to the similarity of their electricity grid systems both in components and design but also in mode of operation. Most of these countries either operate their own nuclear power plants or are linked through their electricity grid interconnections to a neighboring country that operates nuclear power

  14. Epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus in children ≤2 years of age hospitalized with lower respiratory tract infections in the Russian Federation: a prospective, multicenter study

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimir Tatochenko; Vasily Uchaikin; Aleksandr Gorelov; et al

    2010-01-01

    Vladimir Tatochenko1, Vasily Uchaikin2, Aleksandr Gorelov3, Konstantin Gudkov4, Andrew Campbell5, Gregory Schulz5, Rebecca Prahl5, Gerard Notario51Scientific Centre of Children’s Health, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Lomonosovskiy Prospect, Moscow, Russia; 2Russian State Medical University of Roszdrav, Moscow, Russia; 3Central Scientific Research Institution of Epidemiology, Moscow, Russia; 4Abbott Laboratories LLC, Khimki, Moscow, Russia; 5Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, I...

  15. Gas-cooled reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany: history, present status, plans and prospects for the future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A description is given of the development of the helium-cooled pebble bed high temperature reactor in the Federal Republic of Germany. The experimental reactor AVR has shown an excellent operating performance over 14 years and the construction of a 300 MWe demonstration plant, THTR-300, is under way. The production of high temperature process heat is seen as the main application of the HTR. (U.K.)

  16. Status of high temperature reactor development in the Federal Republic of Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Swedish AB Atomenergi held a HTR Information Seminar in Stockholm on January 11, 1978. At this seminar the status of the High Temperature Reactor development program in the Federal Republic of Germany was presented in a series of papers. This report containing the papers in english language makes the information also available to other parties outside Germany who are interested in the HTR development. The papers deal with the German HTR-program, the experience from construction and operation of HTR-plants, the HTR-technology, especially the nuclear system and its application for power production and process heat, the nuclear coal gasification and nuclear long distance energy transport, the HTR fuel cycles, the safety of HTR plants and nuclear process heat plants, an economic evaluation of the HTR as a power plant and/or source of process heat and the introduction strategy of this reactor system in the FRG. The review represents the status at the beginning of 1978. (orig.)

  17. Status of Fast Breeder Reactor Development in the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1967 and 1968, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Kingdom of Belgium and the Kingdom of the Netherlands (''DeBeNe'') agreed to develop breeder reactors in a joint program. The following research organizations have taken part in this effort: - Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe (KfK) - Interatom, Bergisch Gladbach Alkem, Hanau - SCK/CEN, Mol - Belgonucleaire, Brussels - ECN, Petten - TNO, Apeldoorn - Neratoom, The Hague. The first three institutions mentioned above have been associated in the Entwicklungsgemeinschaft Schneller Brüter since 1977. KfK, INTERATOM, and the French Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique entered into contracts in 1977 about close cooperation in the fast breeder field, to which the Belgian and Dutch partners acceded. The results of activities carried out by the DeBeNe partners in 1987 have been compiled in this report. The report begins with a survey of the fast reactor plants, which is followed by an R&D summary. In an additional chapter, a survey is given of international cooperation in 1987

  18. Russian Federation Monthly Economic Developments

    OpenAIRE

    Hansl, Birgit; Cosic, Damir; Emelyanova, Olga; Kida, Mizuho; Matytsin, Mikhail; Vashakmadze, Ekaterine

    2014-01-01

    Second quarter gross domestic product (GDP) estimates and high-frequency indicators suggest continued weakness in the economy even before the latest round of economic sanctions introduced by the European Union (EU), the United States (U.S.), and other countries in late July. The World Bank maintains its current 0.5 percent growth projection for 2014. Inflation slowed in July, but the wide-...

  19. Program status of the high temperature reactor development in the Federal Republic of Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The status of the HTR development program in the Federal Republic of Germany in 1984 is characterized by the beginning of a transition phase from a national program to a commercial program. In the last 20 years the HTR technology program was strongly, nearly completely supported by the Federal Government and the State Government of North-Rhine-Westfalia. Funding of the program up to now exceeded 5 billion DM. Within this framework it was possible to establish competent-reactor-system companies, to enable industries to supply HTR- specific components including fuel elements and nuclear graphites, to maintain the strong engagement of the national centre KFA Juelich in general R and D activities, to build and operate the AVR-plant for more than 16 years, to erect the demonstration plant THTR-300 now approaching completion and to build and operate many efficient test facilities. Thereby the HTR technology development achieved a stage of maturity which is not only considered to be most advanced, but is also ready now for commerical deployment. The assessment report which comprised both the fast breeder and the HTR development included all major impacts, such as history, status, prospects, benefits, industrial aspects and international developments of the technology. The program description is facilitated by distinguishing the five major program elements: AVR, THTR-300, THTR follow-up plant, nuclear process heat program, fuel cycle activities

  20. A New Monte Carlo Photon Transport Code for Research Reactor Hotcell Shielding Calculation using Splitting and Russian Roulette Methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Monte Carlo method was used to build a new code for the simulation of particle transport. Several calculations were done after that for verification, where different sources were used, the source term was obtained using the ORIGEN-S code. Water and lead shield were used with spherical geometry, and the tally results were obtained on the external surface of the shield, afterward the results were compared with the results of MCNPX for verification of the new code. The variance reduction techniques of splitting and Russian Roulette were implemented in the code to be more efficient, by reducing the amount of custom programming required, by artificially increasing the particles being tallied with decreasing the weight. The code shows lower results than the results of MCNPX, this can be interpreted by the effect of the secondary gamma radiation that can be produced by the electron, which is ejected by the primary radiation. In the future a more study will be made on the effect of the electron production and transport, either by a real transport of the electron or by simply using an approximation such the thick target bremsstahlung(TTB) option which is used in MCNPX

  1. A New Monte Carlo Photon Transport Code for Research Reactor Hotcell Shielding Calculation using Splitting and Russian Roulette Methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alnajjar, Alaaddin [Univ. of Science and Technology, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Park, Chang Je; Lee, Byunchul [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    The Monte Carlo method was used to build a new code for the simulation of particle transport. Several calculations were done after that for verification, where different sources were used, the source term was obtained using the ORIGEN-S code. Water and lead shield were used with spherical geometry, and the tally results were obtained on the external surface of the shield, afterward the results were compared with the results of MCNPX for verification of the new code. The variance reduction techniques of splitting and Russian Roulette were implemented in the code to be more efficient, by reducing the amount of custom programming required, by artificially increasing the particles being tallied with decreasing the weight. The code shows lower results than the results of MCNPX, this can be interpreted by the effect of the secondary gamma radiation that can be produced by the electron, which is ejected by the primary radiation. In the future a more study will be made on the effect of the electron production and transport, either by a real transport of the electron or by simply using an approximation such the thick target bremsstahlung(TTB) option which is used in MCNPX.

  2. LMFR core and heat exchanger thermohydraulic design: former USSR and present Russian approaches

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The information presented in this report is dealing with liquid metal cooled fast reactors some of which are in operation (France, Japan, Russian federation) or under construction. Comprehensive thermal hydraulic research both experimental and numeric applied to such reactors was carried out in the Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk, Russian Federation. The IAEA Working Group on fast Reactors (IWGFR) recommended that IPPE should generalize its thermal hydraulic studies as well as results of other countries published previously in the field of liquid metal flow distribution and heat transfer in fuel pin and heat exchanger rod bundles (France, Germany, Japan, India, Russian Federation, United Kingdom and United States). The validity of computer codes and design approaches was proven by comparison of calculated results with measured values of velocity, pressure, temperature distributions in rod bundles cooled/heated by liquid metal, usually sodium. The report includes the methodology and philosophy of the analytical and experimental investigations when applied to core and heat exchanger thermal hydraulic design of Light Water Moderated Fast Reactors (LMFRs)

  3. The first critical experiment with a LEU Russian fuel IRT-4M at the training reactor VR-1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A critical experiment is a standard part of training of students at the Training Reactor VR-1 operated within the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering at the Czech Technical University in Prague. In autumn 2005 the HEU fuel IRT-3M with enrichment 36 % 235U was replaced by the LEU fuel IRT-4M with enrichment 19.7 % 235U. The fuel replacement at the VR-1 Reactor is a part of an international program RERTR. This Paper presents basic information about preparation for the fuel replacement and approaching of the first critical state with the new zone configuration C1 which replaced B1 core with the old IRT-3M fuel. The whole process was carried out according to the Czech law and the relevant international recommendations. The experience with the VR-1 operation confirms the assumption that the C1 core configuration will be suitable from the point of view of the reactivity balance for the long term safe operation of the Training Reactor VR-1. (author)

  4. Project of law authorizing the approval of the agreement between the government of the French republic and the government of the Russian federation relative to the civil liability by way of nuclear damage owing to the supply of materials from the French republic devoted to nuclear facilities in the Russian federation; Projet de loi autorisant l'approbation de l'accord entre le gouvernement de la republique francaise et le gouvernement de la federation de Russie relatif a la responsabilite civile au titre de dommages nucleaires du fait de fournitures en provenance de la republique francaise destinees a des installations nucleaires en federation de Russie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raffarin, J.P.; Villepin, D. de

    2002-07-01

    An agreement between France and Russia was signed on June 20, 2000 about the civil liability of Russia because of the supply of French material devoted to Russian nuclear facilities. This agreement was necessary because Russia do not belong to any of the two big international civil liability systems relative to nuclear energy, i.e. the Paris convention from July 29, 1960 (in the OECD framework) and the Vienna convention from May 21, 1963 (in the IAEA framework). This agreement offers a protection to the French nuclear suppliers against any damage claims in the case of a nuclear accident occurring on the Russian federation territory. This project of law aims at approving this agreement. (J.S.)

  5. Russian religion and Russian philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazin Aleksandar Leonidovič

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article the author tells us about the religious essence of Russian philosophy as its basic characteristic since in was founded in the middle of the 19th century until now. Russian philosophy never existed or couldn’t have existed in the European state of mind because it’s essentially a philosophic interpretation of religious faith. According to the author’s opinion, European philosophy, as a whole, has left the borders of the Christian spiritual plain by making the anthropocentric principle of thinking the absolute, which took it into positivism and nihilism. Russian philosophy hasn’t left the Christian spiritual field and has kept a theocentric (classical type of thinking till the present day. The stand-point of the believing mind which rejects transcendental, as well as any other self foundation of the European philosophy. From the beginning until the present day, Russian philosophy has been opposed to the Descartes-Kant’s way of thinking. Western modern philosophy killed God intellectualy, and postmodern killed the Man as well, moving its philosophy into an empty space of „transindividual constructions”. Ivan Kirejevski founded an ontological-gbnoseological model of Russian secular Christian philosophy in the middle of the 19th century, and from that, later, other branches of Russian philosophy developed: ontological-cultural (Danilevski, Leontjev, ontological-anthropological (Solovjov, Berdjajev, Ern. Briefly, Russian philosophy is what Russian national culture, based on Orthodox Christian views, can say about the World and the Man using the conceptual language.

  6. Water equivalent of snow retrieved from data of passive microwave scanning with the use of artificial neural networks over the Russian Federation territory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Volchek

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Using of the Chang model for calculation of the snow water equivalent on the basis of measurements of the Earth thermo-microwave radiation by means of scanning polarimeters (SMMR, SSM/I, AMSR-E from board of orbital satellites does not allow obtaining the accuracy needed hydrological purposes. Low accuracy of the calculations is caused by both simplified character of the mathematical model, and due to significant influence of the surface characteristics (relief, vegetation and complex structure of snow thickness upon the microwave radiation propagation. This work was aimed at finding a way to increase accuracy of calculations of the snow water equivalent on the Russian Federation territory with its different climate conditions by means of application the neural network approach for processing of results of the passive microwave scanning of the Earth surface. Feed-forward multi-layer artificial neural network was trained by back-propagation algorithm using SSM/I data and results of snow water equivalent in situ measurements obtained at 117 meteorological stations during the period from January 1st, 1988 till December 31st, 1988. Validation was performed using data from the same sources collected during 7 years (1992–1998. Results of performed numerical experiments and obtained values of rootmean-square error (σ = 24.9 мм; r = 0.39±0,01 allow coming to conclusion that the best estimation of water equivalent of a snow cover is provided by artificial neural network using as the input data a set of the SSM/I channels 19.35, 37.0, 85.5 GHz of horizontal and vertical polarizations with meteorological data differentiated by types of the snow survey route.It is shown that low correlation coefficients (< 0.5 as compared with similar studies on small areas is not caused by the chosen mathematical model and its realization but it is due to a strong diversity of climatic conditions and low density of meteorological stations on the land areas

  7. Eliminating Stockpiles of Highly Enriched Uranium. Options for an Action Agenda in Co-operation with the Russian Federation. Report submitted to the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study is of an exploratory nature. It provides preliminary assessments of issues of relevance for HEU elimination in Russia including: (a) technical issues concerning the HEU down-blending; uranium transparency and verification requirements; description of current Russian HEU locations; the HEU down-blending capacities, and the HEU logistics, and (b) various political and financial requirements and considerations. For future, practical project measures to be put in place, further investigations that deal with HEU logistics and handling are needed. Such studies - that obviously should include and engage key Russian actors - are possible, if they take legitimate Russian security and sensitivity concerns into consideration. Interestingly, there is a growing perception in Russia that large stocks of HEU are not required and that they could, in fact, constitute a source of danger

  8. Role of Universities in Forming a Competence of Innovative Activity as an Essential Factor of Successful Realization of a Strategy of Innovative Development of the Russian Federation Until 2020

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina M. Pestereva

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available World economic crisis of 2008-2009 slowed down a development of Russian innovative system. Dedicated federal target programs have been worked out in order to restore after-crisis situation in the country and speed up a transfer to an innovative development. These programs envisage a range of activities aimed at forming competences of innovative activity, improvement of forms and scale of personnel training and re-training programs in engineering and scientific specializations, enhancing a range of educational programs in innovative entrepreneurship and technological management.The article describes mechanisms of attracting students, postgraduates and young researchers to solving tasks of Russia’s innovative development until 2020.

  9. THE PREVALENCE OF ELEVATED LEVELS OF C-REACTIVE PROTEIN AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH TRADITIONAL RISK FACTORS AND MORBIDITY AMONG RESIDENTS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (ACCORDING TO THE ESSE-RF STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. E. Evstifeeva

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To study the association of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP level with socio-demographic, behavioral and traditional risk factors in different regions of the Russian Federation (RF.Material and methods. Data of the multicenter epidemiological study of cardiovascular disease in different regions of the Russian Federation (ESSE-RF were used. Representative sample of the unorganized male and female population aged 25-64 from 6 regions of the Russian Federation was drown. 3407 men and 6354 women (n=9761 were included into the study. Standard questionnaire was applied in all subjects. Gender, age, level of education, place of residence and region of residence, traditional risk factors and diseases were analyzed. HsCRP level (level ≥3.0 mg/l was defined as elevated one was evaluated to detect of indolent inflammation.Results. HsCRP levels in women was significantly higher compared to males (p<0.005. The average prevalence of elevated hsCRP in the regions was 24.2%, for men - 21.4%, and for women - 25.7% (p<0.005. Significant age-related dynamics of hsCRP (p<0.0001 was found. The average level of hsCRP was significantly lower (p<0.0001 in a cohort of persons with higher education against these with lower level of education. Level of hsCRP as well as prevalence of elevated hsCRP level were higher in villagers than this in the urban population (p<0.05. Prevalence of elevated hsCRP in patients with traditional risk factors after adjustment for sex, age, and region of residence showed that the elevated hsCRP was mostly associated with metabolic factors and diseases that were characterized by systemic inflammation.Conclusion. Elevated level of hsCRP (≥3.0 mg/l was significantly associated with female gender, with an older, less educated, and smoking population of Russians. After the multivariate adjustment there remained significant associations (p<0.0001 of elevated hsCRP level with obesity, including abdominal obesity, hyperglycemia

  10. Strategies and national programs of closed fuel cycles: Russian vision

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nowadays, a transition to a full-scale closure of nuclear fuel cycle (NFC) is becoming an actual and key task for any long-term scenarios and nuclear power engineering development strategies. Only successful solution of these tasks and effective industrial implementation of closed NFC are acceptable from the public and ecological viewpoint allows the transition to advanced development of nuclear power engineering both on a national and regional scale and at the world level. It allows the transition of nuclear power engineering from accompanying and alternative component of the fuel energy balance to a primary and basic status, i.e. it makes nuclear power engineering a base for the world power engineering free of greenhouse gases and provided with resources available for millenniums (U-238 and in the future - thorium). The report includes an expert review and analysis of strategies and national programs of leading nuclear countries (France, Japan, USA, China and India) compared to the Russian plans and programs for the period upto 2050 on the basis of the public press materials. It covers the following key positions and directions of the closed NFC development: Start-up dates, scope and objectives of thermal reactor SNF reprocessing; Closed NFC technologies; Dates of putting into operation of pilot industrial fast reactors; Fast reactor fuel cycles; Plans and dates of fast reactor building start-up; Transition to high-density types of fast reactor fuel; Utilization of Pu-bearing fuel in thermal reactor; Nuclear Fuel Cycle closure on MAs; RAW management strategy; National policy, international cooperation and competition in the market of NFC services. In Russia, main system problems of large-scale nuclear power engineering relate to high and continuously growing volumes of SNF and a limited raw material base of the existing nuclear power engineering with thermal neutron reactors. To solve these problems, Federal Target Program 'Nuclear Energy Technologies of New

  11. Material Control and Accounting (MC and A) System Upgrades and Performance Testing at the Russian Federal Nuclear Center-All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (RFNC-VNIIEF)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF), founded in 1946 at the historic village of Sarov, in Nizhniy Novgorod Oblast, is the largest nuclear research center in the Rosatom complex. In the framework of international collaboration, the United States (US) Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Agency, in cooperation with US national laboratories, on the one hand, Rosatom and VNIIEF on the other hand, have focused their cooperative efforts to upgrade the existing material protection control and accountability system to prevent unauthorized access to the nuclear material. In this paper we will discuss the present status of material control and accounting (MC and A) system upgrades and the preliminary results from a pilot program on the MC and A system performance testing that was recently conducted at one technical area.

  12. Tarihsel Perspektif Işığında Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ve Rusya Federasyonu Arasındaki İlişkiler (Relations Between Republic of Turkey and Russian Federation In Consideration of Historical Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmail DEMİR

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In relations and state policies between Republic of Turkey and Russian Federation at present, we can see the traces of empires which were existent centuries before. Big wars occured between these empires, interests of these two empires conflicted with each other but both of them disappeared with the effect of nationalism movements, yet two new nation-states emerged from the ashes of these two empires: Republic of Turkey and Russian Federation. Long-term governments of Putin and Erdogan in Turkey and Russia provided these two states to make cooperation in the fields of politics, trade and energy, “win-win” strategy was followed but these two states had different policies in the areas of Cyprus, Chechnya, and Syrian Civil War. Especially the different oaths followed by two states in Syrian Civil War seems to be an important problem that can interrupt the good relations of these two countries. This study, while examining Russia and Turkey’s predecessors’ historical relations, at the same time reveals modern Russia and Turkey’s cooperation areas and foreign policy differences. In the light of these knowledges, predictions about relations between Turkey and Russia in the near future is left to readers’ discretion.

  13. Reports on the projects in the field of reactor safety sponsored by the Federal Ministry for Research and Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigations on the safety of Light Water Reactors (LWR) being performed in the framework of the Research Program Reactor Safety (RS-projects) are sponsored by the BMFT (Federal Minister for Research and Technology), Bundesminister fuer Forschung und Technologie. Objective of this program is to investigate in greater detail the safety margins of nuclear energy plants and their systems and the further development of safety technology. The GRS (Reactor Safety Association), Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit mbH, by order of BMFT, informs continuously of the status of these investigations within the series 'GRS-F-Fortschrittsberichte' (GRS-F-Progress Reports). Each progress report represents a compilation of individual reports about the different projects of the search program. The individual reports are prepared by the contractors themselves as a documentation of their progress in work and published by the GRS-FB (Research Coordination Department), Forschungsbetreuung at the GRS, within the framework of general information of the progress in reactor safety research. Each report describes the work performed, the results and the next steps of the work. The individual reports are attached to the classification system established by the CEC (Commission of the European Communities). The GRS-F-Progress Reports also include a list of the current investigations arranged according to the projects of the BMFT-Research Program Reactor Safety. This compilation, in addition to the LWR-investigations, also contains first contributions on the safety of advanced reactors. (orig.)

  14. Reports on the projects in the field of reactor safety sponsored by the Federal Ministry for Research and Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigations on the safety of Light Water Reactors (LWR) being performed in the framework of the Research Program Reactor Safety (RS-projects) are sponsored by the BMFT (Federal Minister for Research and Technology), Bundesminister fuer Forschung und Technologie. Objective of this program is to investigate in greater detail the safety margins of nuclear energy plants and their systems and the further development of safety technology. The GRS (Reactor Safety Association), Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit mbH, by order of the BMFT, informs continuously of the status of these investigations within the series 'GRS-F-Fortschrittsberichte' (GRS-F-Progress Reports). Each progress report represents a compilation of individual reports about the different projects of the search program. The individual reports are prepared by the contractors themselves as a documentation of their progress in work and published by the GRS-FB (Research Coordination Department), Forschungsbetreuung at the GRS, within the framework of general information of the progress in reactor safety research. Each report describes the work performed, the results and the next steps of the work. The individual reports are attached to the classification system established by the CEC (Commission of the European Communities). The GRS-F-Progress Reports also include a list of the current investigations arranged according to the projects of the BMFT-Research Program Reactor Safety. This compilation, in addition to the LWR-investigations, also contains first contributions on the safety of advanced reactors. (orig.)

  15. Reports on the projects in the field of reactor safety sponsored by the Federal Ministry for Research and Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigations on the safety of Light Water Reactors (LWR) being performed in the framework of the Research Program Reactor Safety (RS-projects) are sponsored by the BMFT (Federal Minister for Research and Technology), Bundesminister fuer Forschung und Technologie. Objective of this program is to investigate in greater detail the safety margins of nuclear energy plants and their systems and the further development of safety technology. The GRS (Reactor Safety Association), Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit mbH, by order of the BMFT, informs continuously of the status of these investigations within the series 'GRS-F-Forschrittsberichte' (GRS-F-Progress Reports). Each progress report represents a compilation of individual reports about the different projects of the search program. The individual reports are prepared by the contractors themselves as a documentation of their progress in work and published by the GRS-FB (Research Coordination Department), Forschungsbetreuung at the GRS, within the framework of general information of the progress in reactor safety research. Each report describes the work performed, the results and the next steps of the work. The individual reports are attached to the classification system established by the CEC (Commission of the European Communities). The GRS-F-Progress Reports also include a list of the current investigations arranged according to the projects of the BMFT-Research Program Reactor Safety. This compilation, in addition to the LWR-investigations, also contains first contributions on the safety of advanced reactors. (orig.)

  16. Reports of research programs in the field of reactor safety sponsored by the Federal Ministry for Research and Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigations on the safety of Light Water Reactors (LWR) being performed in the framework of his research program on reactor safety (RS-projects) are sponsored by the Federal Ministry for Research and Technology (BMFT). Objective of this program is to investigate in greater detail the safety margins of nuclear power plants and their systems and the further development of safety technology. Besides the investigations of LWR tasks also projects on the safety of advanced reactors are sponsored by the BMFT. The individual reports are classified according to the research program on the safety of LWRs 1977-1980 of the BMFT. Another table of contents uses the same classification system as applied in the nuclear safety index of the CEC (Commission of the European Communities) and the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). The reports are arranged in the sequence of their project numbers. (orig./HP)

  17. Reports on research programs in the field of reactor safety sponsored by the Federal Ministry for Research and Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigations on the safety of Light Water Reactors (LWR) being performed in the framework of the research program on reactor safety (RS-projects) are sponsored by the Federal Ministry for Research and Technology (BMFT). Objective of this program is to investigate in greater detail the safety margins of nuclear power plants and their systems and the further development of safety technology. Besides the investigations of LWR tasks also projects on the safety of advanced reactors are sponsored by the BMFT. The individual reports are classified according to the research program on the safety of LWRs 1977-1980 of the BMFT. Another table of contents uses the same classification system as applied in the nuclear safety index of the CEC (Commission of the European Communities) and the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). The reports are arranged in the sequence of their project numbers. (orig./HP)

  18. Reports on research programs in the field of reactor safety sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Research and Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigations on the safety of light water reactors (LWR) being performed in the framework of the research program on reactor safety (RS-projects) are sponsored by the Federal Ministry for Research and Technology (BMFT). Objective of this program is to investigate in greater detail the safety margins of nuclear power plants and their systems and the further development of safety technology. Besides the investigations of LWR tasks also projects on the safety of advanced reactors are sponsored by the BMFT. The individual reports are classified according to the research program on the safety of LWRs 1977-1980 of the BMFT. Another table of contents uses the same classification system as applied in the nuclear safety index of the CEC (Commission of the European Communities) and the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). The reports are arranged in the sequence of their project numbers. (orig.)

  19. Reports on the research projects in the field of reactor safety sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigations on the safety of Light Water Reactor (LWR) being performed in the framework of the safety program 'Reactor Safety' are sponsored by the Bundesminister fuer Forschung und Technologie (BMFT - Federal Minister for Research and Technology). Objective of this program is to continue improving the safety of LWR, in order to minimize the risk for environment. With grant assistance from the Bundesminister des Innern (BMI - Federal Minister for Home Affairs) research contracts in the field of reactor safety are being performed. Results of these projects should contribute to resolve questions arising during nuclear licensing procedures. The Forschungsbetreuung (FB - research supervision department) at the Institute for Reactor Safety (IRS), as consultants to BMFT and BMI, provides information about the progress of investigations. Individual reports will be prepared and put into standard forms by the research contractors. Each report gives information on: a) the work accomplished, b) the results obtained, c) the work planned to be continued. Initial reports of research projects describe in addition the purpose of the work. A BMFT-research program on the safety of Fast Breeders (Schneller Brutreaktor - SBR) is presently under discussion. In order to define several problems, investigations previously performed are included in the present compilation (RS 139, 140, 143). (orig.)

  20. Principal Areas of Activity to Improve the Monitoring of Nuclear Material Security and Accounting in the Russian Federation Ministry of Atomic Energy, within the Framework of the Program of Cooperation with the United States of America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the major elements of the Russian Federation state system of accounting and control of nuclear materials (SSAC NM) is a 'universal' oversight system for nuclear materials security covering MPC and A at the federal, agency and enterprise levels. Oversight of SSAC NM has always been considered important by the State. In 1951 an Order of the USSR Council of Ministers created a department responsible for the accounting and storing of nuclear materials at the enterprises. The accounting and storing of NM was assigned to the First Central administrative board of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (the former name of the Ministry of Atomic Energy of Russia). Originally this activity included, in general, oversight of the maintenance of secrecy and security during the performance of various kinds of work connected with special production (classified products and materials). Since 1995, beginning with the enactment of the Federal law 'On the use of atomic energy,' this activity has received additional development beyond organizational-methodological activities. Technical equipment and new technologies have been introduced into work on the control of nuclear materials security (for example, means of controlling access to nuclear material, equipment for detecting radiation from nuclear material, etc.). The questions connected to development and perfection of oversight activity are laid out in the 6th section of the Federal targeted program 'Nuclear and radiation safety of Russia' in which the overall working plan for the creation and perfection of the state system accounting and the control of nuclear material in Russia are described. Russian-American collaboration on MPC and A began nearly simultaneously with the enactment of the Law 'On the use of atomic energy.' The purpose of this collaborative program is the introduction of modern technologies in the area of nuclear materials security to the Russian installations using nuclear materials for industrial and

  1. Influence of high dose irradiation on core structural and fuel materials in advanced reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA International Working Group on Fast Reactors (IWGFR) periodically organizes meeting to discuss and review important aspects of fast reactor technology. The fifth meeting held in Obninsk, Russian Federation, 16-19 June 1997, was devoted to the influence of high dose irradiation on the mechanical properties of reactor core structural and fuel materials. The proceedings includes the papers submitted at this meeting each with a separate abstract

  2. Overview of the Russian nuclear industry; Le panorama nucleaire russe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-02-15

    In 2004, President Poutine decided to replace the atomic energy ministry (Minatom) by the federal atomic energy agency (Rosatom). Several projects were launched during the next two years which aimed at bringing back Russia to the fore front of the world leaders of nuclear energy use and nuclear technology export. In 2007, Rosatom agency was changed to a public holding company and a new company, named Atomenergoprom, was created which gathers all civil nuclear companies (AtomEnergoMash for the exploitation of power plants, Technabsexport (Tenex) specialized in enrichment or Atomstryexport in charge of export activities). Thus, Rosatom is at the head of all civilian and military nuclear companies, of all research centers, and of all nuclear and radiological safety facilities. In 2006, Russian nuclear power plants supplied 15.8% of the whole power consumption. Russia wishes to develop its nuclear program with the construction of new reactors in order to reach a nuclear electricity share of 25% from now to 2020. This paper presents first the 2007 institutional reform of the Russian atomic sector, and the three sectorial federal programmes: 1 - development of the nuclear energy industrial complex for the 2007-2010 era and up to 2015 (future power plants, nuclear fuel centers and reactor prototypes), 2 - nuclear safety and radioprotection for the 2008-2015 era (waste management, remedial actions, radiation protection), 3 - military program (confidential). Then, the paper presents: the international actions (export of Russian technology, cooperation agreements, non-proliferation), the situation of the existing nuclear park (reactors in operation, stopped, under construction and in project), the fuel cycle activities (production of natural uranium, enrichment, fuel fabrication, spent fuel storage, reprocessing, waste management), the nuclear R and D in Russia, and the nuclear safety authority. (J.S.)

  3. Report on the projects in the field of reactor safety sponsored by the Federal Ministry for Research and Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigations on the safety of Light Water Reactors (LWR) being performed in the framework of the Research Program Reactor Safety (RS - Projects) are sponsored by the BMFT (Federal Minister for Research and Technology), Bundesminister fuer Forschung und Technologie. Objective of this program is to investigate in greater detail the safety margins of nuclear power-plants and their systems and the further development of safety technology. Besides the investigations of LWR tasks first projects on the safety of advanced reactors are sponsored by the BMFT. The GRS (Reactor Safety Association), Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit mbH, by order of the BMFT, informs continuously of the status of such investigations by means of quarterly and annually publication of progress reports within the series GRS - F - Fortschrittsberichte (GRS - F - Progress Reports). Each progress report represents a compilation of individual reports about objectives, the work performed, the results, the next steps of the work etc. The individual reports are prepared in a standard form by the contractors themselves as a documentation of their progress in work and published by the FB (Research Coordination Department), Forschungsbetreuung at the GRS, within the framework of general information of the progress in reactor safety research. The individual reports are arranged according to the amended LWR Safety Research Program of the BMFT which will appear in the near future. Another table contents uses the same classification system as applied in the Nuclear Safety Index of the CEC and the OECD. (orig./HP)

  4. Creating an Internet travel platform about Finland for Russian customers

    OpenAIRE

    Granberg, Liubov

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to find out the potential to develop travel Internet platform about Finland for Russian customers. Finland is a particular attractive destination for Russian tourists. A massive market eager for travel, the Russian Federation has become Europe’s third largest source market. The mission of new Internet platform would be to offer a more complete spectrum of services to Russian customers, make personal trips according to their preferences. In this paper we will address ...

  5. International Experience with Fast Reactor Operation and Maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reviews the most important lessons learned from operation of the world’s sodium cooled fast reactors, both test reactors and power producing reactors, which represent nearly 400 reactor-years of cumulative operating experience. The first reactor in the world to produce electricity was a fast reactor, the Experimental Breeder Reactor I, in December 1951. International experience with fast reactor technology exists in France, Germany, India, Japan, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. The operating experience with these reactors has been mixed; early problems were associated with fuel cladding, steam generators, fuel handling and sodium leakage. Excellent experience has been gained, however, that demonstrates the robust nature of the technology, the potential for exceedingly safe designs, ease of maintenance, ease of operation and the ability to effectively manage waste from spent fuel. It is a mature technology. (author)

  6. Russian roulette

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    Following a recent collision, fire, series of computer and power failures, and other mishaps on the Russian space station, Mir, the U.S. Congress held a hearing on September 18 to question the safety of American astronauts staying aboard the aging spacecraft.“There has been sufficient evidence put before this hearing to raise doubts about the safety of continued American long-term presence on the Mir,” said House Science Committee Chairman Rep. James Sensenbrenner (R-Wisc.) at the hearing.

  7. Research reactor preparations for the air shipment of highly enriched uranium from Romania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In June 2009 two air shipments transported both unirradiated (fresh) and irradiated (spent) Russian-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) nuclear fuel from two research reactors in Romania to the Russian Federation (RF) for conversion to low enriched uranium (LEU). The Institute for Nuclear Research at Pitesti (SCN Pitesti) shipped 30.1 kg of HEU fresh fuel pellets to Dimitrovgrad, Russia and the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) shipped 23.7 kilograms of HEU spent fuel assemblies from the VVR-S research reactor at Magurele, Romania, to Ozersk, Russia. Both HEU shipments were coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), were managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN), and were conducted in cooperation with the Russian Federation State Corporation for Atomic Energy Rosatom and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Both shipments were transported by truck to and from respective commercial airports in Romania and the Russian Federation and stored at secure nuclear facilities in Russia until the material is converted into low enriched uranium. These shipments resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd country under the RRRFR program and the 14th country under the GTRI program to remove all HEU. This paper describes the research reactor preparations and license approvals that were necessary to safely and securely complete these air shipments of nuclear fuel. (author)

  8. Research Reactor Preparations for the Air Shipment of Highly Enriched Uranium from Romania

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    K. J. Allen; I. Bolshinsky; L. L. Biro; M. E. Budu; N. V. Zamfir; M. Dragusin; C. Paunoiu; M. Ciocanescu

    2010-03-01

    In June 2009 two air shipments transported both unirradiated (fresh) and irradiated (spent) Russian-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) nuclear fuel from two research reactors in Romania to the Russian Federation for conversion to low enriched uranium. The Institute for Nuclear Research at Pitesti (SCN Pitesti) shipped 30.1 kg of HEU fresh fuel pellets to Dimitrovgrad, Russia and the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) shipped 23.7 kilograms of HEU spent fuel assemblies from the VVR S research reactor at Magurele, Romania, to Chelyabinsk, Russia. Both HEU shipments were coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), were managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN), and were conducted in cooperation with the Russian Federation State Corporation Rosatom and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Both shipments were transported by truck to and from respective commercial airports in Romania and the Russian Federation and stored at secure nuclear facilities in Russia until the material is converted into low enriched uranium. These shipments resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd country under the RRRFR program and the 14th country under the GTRI program to remove all HEU. This paper describes the research reactor preparations and license approvals that were necessary to safely and securely complete these air shipments of nuclear fuel.

  9. RUSSIAN-ORIGIN HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL SHIPMENT FROM BULGARIA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelly Cummins; Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Tihomir Apostolov; Ivaylo Dimitrov

    2009-07-01

    In July 2008, the Global Threat Reduction Initiative and the IRT 2000 research reactor in Sofia, Bulgaria, operated by the Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE), safely shipped 6.4 kilograms of Russian origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel (SNF) to the Russian Federation. The shipment, which resulted in the removal of all HEU from Bulgaria, was conducted by truck, barge, and rail modes of transport across two transit countries before reaching the final destination at the Production Association Mayak facility in Chelyabinsk, Russia. This paper describes the work, equipment, organizations, and approvals that were required to complete the spent fuel shipment and provides lessons learned that might assist other research reactor operators with their own spent nuclear fuel shipments.

  10. Single crystal growth and the electronic structure of orthorhombic Tl3PbBr5: A novel material for non-linear optics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khyzhun, O. Y.; Bekenev, V. L.; Parasyuk, O. V.; Danylchuk, S. P.; Denysyuk, N. M.; Fedorchuk, A. O.; AlZayed, N.; Kityk, I. V.

    2013-03-01

    The X-ray photoelectron core-level and valence-band spectra for pristine and Ar+-ion irradiated surfaces of a Tl3PbBr5 single crystal grown by the Bridgman-Stockbarger method have been measured. The present X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) results reveal high chemical stability of Tl3PbBr5 single crystal surface. Total and partial densities of states of constituent atoms of low-temperature (LT) orthorhombic Tl3PbBr5 phase (space group P21212) have been calculated using the full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method. The FP-LAPW data reveal that contributions of the Br 4p-like states dominate in the valence band of LT-Tl3PbBr5; they contribute mainly into the top and the central portion of the valence band with also significant contributions throughout the whole valence-band region. The bottom of the valence band of LT-Tl3PbBr5 is composed mainly of the Tl 6s-like states, whilst the unoccupied Pb 6p- and Tl 6p-like states dominate at the bottom of the conduction band. We have explored the crystallochemistry and origin of the chemical bonds in Tl3PbBr5 with respect to the use as mid-IR non-linear optical crystals. Comparison of the spectral dependence to the second order susceptibilities for the titled crystals is performed with respect to the 3.39 μm illuminated crystals. Possibility of the use of Tl3PbBr5 crystals as IR operated non-linear optical crystals is discussed.

  11. Evaluation of 137Cs body burden in inhabitants of Bryansk Oblast, Russian Federation, where a high incidence of thyroid cancer was observed after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the current risk of internal radiation exposure after the Chernobyl accident, the 137Cs body burden of the inhabitants of Bryansk Oblast (Russian Federation) was evaluated, from 1998 to 2008. The study population is composed of 84 666 people who visited Bryansk No. 2 Hospital. A whole-body counter was used for measurement of 137Cs body burden. 137Cs concentration was significantly higher in the late period during the study and showed seasonal variation, suggesting that inhabitants may have consumed contaminated forest products. However, people with high annual exposure doses were quite rare during all years of the study. In conclusion, although internal radiation exposure from 137Cs continues to this day in Bryansk Oblast, the annual exposure dose is low in almost all inhabitants. Because of the long half-life of 137Cs, the long term follow-up is necessary to monitor the health status and relieve the anxiety of the inhabitants around Chernobyl. (authors)

  12. Communication dated 4 March from the Governor for the Russian Federation and the Resident Representatives of China, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States of America concerning UN Security Council resolution 1803 (2008)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Director General has received a letter dated 4 March 2008 from the Governor for the Russian Federation and the Resident Representatives of China, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States of America, attaching the text of a statement agreed by the Foreign Ministers of China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States of America, with the support of the High Representative of the European Union and read by the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom on the occasion of the adoption on 3 March 2008 of United Nations Security Council resolution 1803 (2008). The letter and, as requested therein, the attached text, are herewith circulated for the information of Member States

  13. Status of fast breeder reactor development in the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium and The Netherlands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of activities carried out by the DeBeNe partners in 1989 have been compiled in this report. The report begins with a survey of fast reactor plants, which is followed by an R and D summary. In an additional chapter, a survey is presented of international cooperation in 1989. Effective January 1990, KfK activities in the area of fast reactors have been incorporated in the Nuclear Safety Research Project. (author)

  14. Disposal of Russian nuclear submarines and surface ships

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A German contribution to the initiative of the Global G8 Partnership against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction is a project for the disposal of decommissioned nuclear submarines of the Russian Northern Sea Fleet. The Federal Republic of Germany makes available a total of 600 million euro for this purpose for the period of 2003 to 2014. Since 2003, a long-term store has been under construction in the Saida Bay in the Murmansk region for land-based storage of mothballed reactor sections from decommissioned nuclear submarines and components of nuclear surface ships with a total of 178 storage positions, the necessary infrastructure included. At the present time, 33 mothballed reactor sections of disassembled nuclear submarines are stored there. Work is also under way to build and equip a center for conditioning, treatment, and long-term storage of radioactive waste from the northwestern region of Russia, which will be commissioned in 2014. This waste management center is a key item in Russian plans for the establishment of radiologically safe conditions in the region. Germany financed the disassembly of 20 submarines into reactor sections fit for storage. Extensive assistance was provided in improving the material technical basis of the shipyard commissioned to dispose of the nuclear submarines. (orig.)

  15. Report on the research projects in the field of reactor safety sponsored by the Federal Minister for Research and Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigations on the safety of Light Water Reactors (LWR) being performed in the framework of the Research Program Reactor Safety (RS - Projects) are sponsored by the BMFT (Federal Minister for Research and Technology), Bundesminister fuer Forschung und Technologie. Objective of this program is to investigate in greater detail the safety margins of nuclear power plants and their systems and the further development of safety technology. Besides the investigations of LWR tasks first projects on the safety of FBR type reactors are sponsored by the BMFT. The GRS (Reactor Safety Association), Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit mbH, by order of the BMFT, informs continuously of the status of such investigations by means of quarterly and annually publication of progress reports within the series GRS - F -Fortschrittsberichte (GRS - F - Progress Reports). Each progress report represents a compilation of individual reports about objectives, the work performed, the results, the next steps of the work etc. The individual reports are prepared in a standard form by the contractors themselves as a documentation of their progress in work, The individual reports are arranged according to the amended LWR Safety Research Program of the BMFT. Another table contents uses the same classification system as applied in the Nuclear Safety Index of the CEC Communities and the OECD. (orig./HP) 891 HP

  16. Reports on research projects sponsored by the Federal Minister for Research and Technology in the field of reactor safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigations on the safety of Light Water Reactors (LWR) being performed in the framework of the Research Program Reactor Safety (RS - Projects) are sponsored by the BMFT (Federal Minister for Research and Technology), Bundesminister fuer Forschung und Technologie. Objective of this program is to investigate in greater detail the safety margins of nuclear power plants and their systems and the further development of safety technology. Besides the investigations of LWR tasks first projects on the safety of FBR type reactors are sponsored by the BMFT. The GRS (Reactor Safety Association), Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit mbH, by order of the BMFT, informs continuously of the status of such investigations by means of quarterly and annually publication of progress reports within the series GRS - F - Fortschrittsberichte (GRS - F - Progress Reports). Each progress report represents a compilation of individual reports about objectives, the work performed, the results, the next steps of the work etc. The individual reports are prepared in a standard form by the contractors themselves as a documentation of their progress in work. The individual reports are arranged according to the amended LWR Safety Research Program of the BMFT. Another table contents uses the same classification system as applied in the Nuclear Safety Index of the CEC European Communities and the OECD. (orig./HP)

  17. Reports on research projects in the field of reactor safety sponsored by the Federal Minister for Research and Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigations on the safety of Light Water Reactors (LWR) being performed in the framework of the Research Program Reactor Safety (RS - Projects) are sponsored by the BMFT (Federal Minister for Research and Technology), der Bundesminister fuer Forschung und Technologie. Objective of this program is to investigate in greater detail the safety margins of nuclear power plants and their systems and the further development of safety technology. Besides the investigations of LWR tasks first projects on the safety of FBR type reactors are sponsored by the BMFT. The GRS (Reactor Safety Association), Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit mbH, by order of the BMFT, informs continuously of the status of such investigations by means of quarterly and annually publication of progress reports within the series GRS - F Fortschrittsberichte (GRS - F - Progress Reports). Each progress report represents a compilation of individual reports about objectives, the work performed, the results, the next steps of the work etc. The individual reports are prepared in a standard form by the contractors themselves as a documentation of their progress in work. The individual reports are arranged according to the amended LWR Safety Research Program of the BMFT. Another table contents uses the same classification system as applied in the Nuclear Safety Index of the CEC Communities and the OECD. (orig./HP) 891 HP

  18. Regulatory activities in the field of fire safety at nuclear power plants in the Russian Federation: Legislative infrastructure and licensing experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses regulation of fire safety at nuclear power plants in Russia, including issues relating to the legislative infrastructure and licensing activities. The interaction of regulatory bodies in Russia (Gosatomnadzor and the State Fire Fighting Service of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs) on the issue of fire safety at nuclear power plants is discussed in detail. The legislative infrastructure for regulation of fire safety at nuclear power plants is described and ways of improving it are discussed, as well as the development of a new fire protection approach, fire protection programmes with acceptability criteria, and methodologies for analysing the effect of fires on nuclear power plant safety. The process for detecting and eliminating faults in the regulation and implementation of fire safety measures at nuclear power plants is also described. In addition, we take a new look at the activities of Gosatomnadzor - licensing, including fire safety at nuclear power plants

  19. Provisional Measures in the Case Concerning Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Georgia v. Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Thienel

    2009-02-01

    , to facilitate humanitarian assistance, and to generally refrain from any action which might prejudice the rights under adjudication in the case. The Order of the Court was made by a vote of eight to seven, and gave rise to a Joint Dissenting Opinion by seven judges. Those judges expressed not only their dissent from the making of the Order, but also their disagreement with the majority’s finding of even prima facie jurisdiction.[3]

    The case has already raised a few interesting issues relating to the Court’s jurisdiction to indicate provisional measures, and to the interpretation of CERD. These issues were all hotly contested not only between the parties, but also between the judges of the ICJ. This note will give a brief overview of the decision of the Court, and will comment on some outstanding features of the different opinions expressed.


    [1]        Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Georgia v. Russian Federation, Order of 15 October 2008 (Georgia v. Russia, available at http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/files/140/14801.pdf (last visited 10

  20. 16 February 2012 - Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations Office and other international organisations at Geneva Ambassador A.Borodavkin signing the the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer; visiting ATLAS underground experimental area with Collaboration Members O. Fedin, S. Malyukov and A. Romaniouk; throughout accompanied by Adviser T. Kurtyka.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    16 February 2012 - Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations Office and other international organisations at Geneva Ambassador A.Borodavkin signing the the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer; visiting ATLAS underground experimental area with Collaboration Members O. Fedin, S. Malyukov and A. Romaniouk; throughout accompanied by Adviser T. Kurtyka.