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Sample records for box girder bridges

  1. PARAMETRIC STUDY OF SKEW ANGLE ON BOX GIRDER BRIDGE DECK

    OpenAIRE

    Shrikant D. Bobade *, Dr. Valsson Varghese

    2016-01-01

    Box girder bridge deck, is the most common type of bridges in world and India, it consists of several Slab or girders. The span in the direction of the roadway and connected across their tops and bottoms by a thin continuous structural stab, the longitudinal box girders can be made of steel or concrete. The Simple supported single span concrete bridge deck is presented in present study. Skewed bridges are suitable in highway design when the geometry of straight bridges is not possible. The sk...

  2. Stress and noises of steel box girders in Sutong Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue Tao; Chen Zhijian; Dong Xuewu

    2008-01-01

    Sutong Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge with a main span of 1 088 m.370 high-precision stress monitoring measured data show that in the process of hoisting the steel box girders,the stress of the main girders is in the fluctuant and complex state and many meteorological factors,such as sunshine radiation,temperature and wind,have important influence on the change of stress of the steel box girders.According to the real-time weather data,the stress data after the process of wavelet denoising from representative measuring points in different weather conditions is picked to estab-lish the stress response brought by meteorological factors with Layered Separation method,thereby basically eliminating the influence of meteorological factors on the stress of main girders,so that accurate and reliable stress data can be got for steel box girders adjustment and cable-tensioned construction control.

  3. Effect of material uncertainties on dynamic response of segmental box girder bridge

    OpenAIRE

    Suchart Limkatanyu; Kittisak Kuntiyawichai

    2007-01-01

    The main objective of this paper was to investigate the effect of material uncertainties on dynamic response of segmental box girder bridge subjected to a moving load, in this case a rapid passing trains. Literatures concerned with the design of segmental box girder bridge, the application of finite element analysis to model the segmental box girder bridge, and the minimum requirement for structural conditions of the bridge were described and discussed in detail. A series of finite element a...

  4. Seismic response of skewed RC box-girder bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ahmed Abdel-Mohti; Gokhan Pekcan

    2008-01-01

    It is critical to ensure the functionality of highway bridges after earthquakes to provide access to important facilities.Since the 1971 San Fernando earthquake,there has been a better understanding of the seismic performance of bridges.Nonetheless,there are no detailed guidelines addressing the performance of skewed highway bridges.Several parameters affect the response of skewed highway bridges under both service and seismic loads which makes their behavior complex.Therefore,there is a need for more research to study the effect of skew angle and other related factors on the performance of highway bridges.This paper examines the seismic performance of a three-span continuous concrete box girder bridge with skew angles from 0 to 60 degrees,analytically.Finite element (FE) and simplified beam-stick (BS) models of the bridge were developed using SAP2000.Different types of analysis were considered on both models such as:nonlinear static pushover,and linear and nonlinear time history analyses.A comparison was conducted between FE and BS,different skew angles,abutment support conditions,and time history and pushover analysis.It is shown that the BS model has the capability to capture the coupling due to skew and the significant modes for moderate skew angles.Boundary conditions and pushover load profile are determined to have a major effect on pushover analysis.Pushover analysis may be used to predict the maximum deformation and hinge formation adequately.

  5. Dynamic Analysis of Horizontally Curved Thin-Walled Box-Girder Bridge due to Moving Vehicle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Nallasivam

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The impact on curved box-girder bridges due to vehicle moving across rough bridge deck have been analyzed using bridge-vehicle coupled dynamics. The bridge deck unevenness has been assumed to be a homogeneous random process in space specified by a PSD function. The analysis incorporates the effect of centrifugal forces due to vehicle moving on curved bridge. The curved box-girder bridge has been numerically modeled using computationally efficient thin-walled box-beam finite elements which take into account the torsional warping, distortion and distortional warping, that are important features of thin-walled box girders. Rigid vehicle with longitudinal and transverse input to the wheels giving rise to heave-pitch-roll degrees of freedom has been considered. The theoretical bridge model used in simulation study has been validated by a free vibration experiment using impact excitation. The impact factors for several response parameters such as bending moment, shear force, torsional moment, torsional bi-moment, distortional moment, distortional bi-moment and vertical deflections have been obtained for various bridge-vehicle parameters. Both constant velocity and forward acceleration of the vehicle have been considered to examine impact factor. The results highlighted that the impact factors of a curved box girder bridge corresponding to torsion, distortion and their corresponding bimoments have been observed to be generally very high, while those of the other responses are also relatively higher than that of corresponding straight box girder bridge.

  6. Research on the special lifting devices for steel box girders of Sutong Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Ming; Wu Qihe; Luo Chengbin; Zhou Hanfa

    2009-01-01

    Sutong Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge with a steel box girder and a main span of 1 088 m. The steel box girder of main span includes five portions: back span large unit, large block of pylon, standard girder, back span closure girder and middle span closure girder. Each back span large unit is fabricated by welding several deck segments together in factory, and is erected by floating crane. As navigational clearance of the main bridge is high, the traditional truss lifting device can' t satisfy the requirement of domestic lifting cranes for this kind of lifting height and weight. Hence, a kind of lighter lifting device for the erection of back span large units was accepted for this bridge. In this paper, the design and use of this lifting device is introduced.The upper structure used lifting gantry to install the standard girder segment by cantilever method. Because the bridge's navigation clearance is high, and the girder segment is wide and heavy, the meteorology and hydrology condition of the bridge district is abominable, and the requirements of long cable girder side pull-in, structure and performance propose high request to the lifting gantry. In this paper, the design and use key point of long cable pull-in angle adjustment device integrate into lifting gantry is introduced.

  7. Study in the design and manufacture process of the elastic cable anchor box in steel box girder of Taizhou Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gu Bifeng; Chen Ce; Ding Lei

    2011-01-01

    Taizhou Yangtze River Highway Bridge is a large span suspension bridge with three pylons. The elastic cables are installed to connect the steel tower and the steel box girder. The constraints can increase the safety coefficient of the middle saddle, and improve the stress conditions of the middle pylon and decrease the deflection in the middle of the main girder, as well as the longitudinal displacement of the main girder caused by live loads. The anchorage boxes of the elastic cable are installed in the wind fairing outside the vertical web plate of the box girder. Two anchor boxes form a pair and are arranged parallelly. Eight anchor boxes are installed in the bridge. In this paper, the design scheme and the technical difficulties in manufacturing are briefly discussed with the precision control techniques.

  8. Design of steel box girder for Taizhou Yangtze River Highway Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ding Lei; Shan Hongwei; Zhou Qing; Zheng Benhui

    2011-01-01

    Taizhou Yangtze River Highway Bridge is the first three-pylon two-span suspension bridge in China. The maingirder adopts flat steamline steel closed box girder which has well wind-resistant capability and is technically mature besides beautiful appearance. Straight web plates of the steel box girder in longitudinal direction are proposed in order to ensure the integrity of the steel box girder, and to keep the stress of the steel box girder continuous in the middle pylon,as well as to reduce the gradient of the middle pylon columns. The cross section of the box girder has one box with three cells. Solid-web diaphragm plate with good integrity and high torsional stiffness is adopted. The lifting lugs are utilized in the anchors of suspender cable. In this paper, selection of the cross section of the steel box girder, the general structure design, local structure design and main structure calculation results of Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge are introduced emphatically.

  9. Effect of material uncertainties on dynamic response of segmental box girder bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suchart Limkatanyu

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper was to investigate the effect of material uncertainties on dynamic response of segmental box girder bridge subjected to a moving load, in this case a rapid passing trains. Literatures concerned with the design of segmental box girder bridge, the application of finite element analysis to model the segmental box girder bridge, and the minimum requirement for structural conditions of the bridge were described and discussed in detail. A series of finite element analysis was carried out using SAP2000 Nonlinear software. The effect was investigated by varying the Modulus of Elasticity by 5%, 10% and 15%. The results were then compared with the case of assumed uniform property which had already been checked for model accuracy using the Standard prEN 1991-2. The results showed that, for the uniform case, the dynamic responses of the bridge gave the highest response at the resonance speed. When considering the non-uniform material properties (non-uniform case, the effect of material uncertainties appeared to have an effect on both displacement and acceleration responses. Nonetheless, the dynamic factor provided in the design code was sufficient for designing the segmental box girder bridge with either uniform or non-uniform material properties for the train speeds considered in this study.

  10. Computer Simulation of Dynamic Interactions Between Vehicle and Long Span Box Girder Bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Gong; Moe S.Cheung

    2008-01-01

    Moving vehicle loads,associated with roadway traffic can induce significant dynamic effects on the structural behaviours of bridges,especially for long-span bridges.The main objective of current research is to study traffic induced dynamic responses of long-span box-girder bridges.The finite element method has been employed in this study to obtain a three-dimensional mathematical model for the bridge system.For vehicle-bridge dynamic interaction analysis,the vehicle is modeled as a more realistic three-axle,six-wheel system,and the corresponding dynamic interaction equations have been derived.The bridge-vehicle inter- action is affected by many factors.The current study has been focused on such factors as:vehicle speed, vehicle damping ratio,multiple traffic lanes,mass ratio of vehicle and bridge,and dynamic characteristics of bridge.Case studies have been conducted to investigate these factors by using several box girder bridge examples including Confederation Bridge,the longest box girder bridge in the world.

  11. Field test on temperature field and thermal stress for prestressed concrete box-girder bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Baoguo CHEN; Rui DING; Junjie ZHENG; Shibiao ZHANG

    2009-01-01

    A field test was conducted to investigate the distribution of temperature field and the variation of thermal stress for a prestressed concrete (PC) box-girder bridge. The change of hydration heat temperature consists of four periods: temperature rising period, constant temperature period, rapid temperature fall period and stow temperature fall period. The peak value of hydration heat temperature increases with the increasing casting temperature of concrete; the relation between them is approximately linear. According to field tests, the thermal stress incurred by hydration heat may induce temperature cracks on the PC box-girder. Furthermore, the nonlinear distribution of temperature gradient and the fluctuation of thermal stress induced by exposure to sunlight were also obtained based on continuous in-situ monitoring. Such results show that the prevailing Chinese Code (2004) is insufficient since it does not take into account the temperature gradient of the bottom slab. Finally, some preventive measures against temperature cracks were proposed based on related studies. The conclusions can provide valuable reference for the design and construction of PC box-girder bridges.

  12. Free vibrations of multi-girder and multi-cell box bridges with transverse deformations effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamed, E.; Frostig, Y.

    2005-01-01

    A general mathematical approach is developed for the free vibration behaviour analysis of multi-girder and multi-cell box bridges with a single or multi span, including the effects of the transverse deformations of the bridge cross-section. The governing equations of motion and the corresponding boundary and continuity conditions are derived via the variational principle of virtual work following Hamilton's principle. The model is general and valid for any boundary and continuity conditions, and is applicable for multi-girder bridges with longitudinal and cross beams and for multi-cell box bridges. The warping and the distortion of the bridge cross-section effects are included in the proposed model. Closed-form solutions of the governing equations are derived and the Newton-Raphson method is used to determine the eigenfrequencies. Numerical examples are presented to validate the proposed model, and are also used to examine the accuracy of other approximate models used in the analysis of bridges. The results of the proposed model are validated through comparison with three-dimensional finite element models. The results reveal that the transverse deformations decrease the magnitudes of the eigenfrequencies of the torsional mode shapes, as well as the high flexural modes.

  13. Fatigue stress monitoring and analyses for steel box girder of Runyang Suspension Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ying WANG; Zhaoxia LI; Baijian WU

    2008-01-01

    The monitoring of fatigue stress of steel bridge is a key issue of bridge health monitoring and safety assessment. This paper aims to find out the strain history features of the girder components of Runyang Suspension Bridge (RYSB) under vehicle and environmental loading during its first year of service based on the strain-history data recorded by structural health monitoring system installed in the bridge. The fatigue stress spectrums of steel box girders under normal traffic load, heavy trucks and typhoon loads were studied as well as the correlation between varying strain and temperature based on real-time monitoring of temperature histories. The results show that, monitoring on local strain in health monitoring systems of RYSB can effectively provide the information on fatigue stresses. The range of the equivalent fatigue stress on the monitoring location of the bridge is currently low, mainly due to varying traffic loading and temper-ature. There exists significant correlation between varying temperature and mean value of fatigue stress. Effect of the passing of heavy trucks on bridge fatigue is quite signifi-cant since the value of the cumulative fatigue damage generated by heavy trucks is 10 to 100 times larger than that by normal traffic. Therefore, the effect on fatigue cumulative damage due to heavy trucks or overloaded vehicles needs to be monitored and paid much attention to.

  14. Dynamic finite element model updating of prestressed concrete continuous box-girder bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Xiankun; Zhang Lingmi; Guo Qintao; Zhang Yufeng

    2009-01-01

    The dynamic finite element model (FEM) of a prestressed concrete continuous box-girder bridge, called the Tongyang Canal Bridge, is built and updated based on the results of ambient vibration testing (AVT) using a real-coded accelerating genetic algorithm (RAGA). The objective functions are defined based on natural frequency and modal assurance criterion (MAC) metrics to evaluate the updated FEM. Two objective functions are defined to fully account for the relative errors and standard deviations of the natural frequencies and MAC between the AVT results and the updated FEM predictions. The dynamically updated FEM of the bridge can better represent its structural dynamics and serve as a baseline in long-term health monitoring, condition assessment and damage identification over the service life of the bridge.

  15. Research on overall assembling and welding process of steel box girder tuyere blocks of Taizhou Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Shiguang; Li Hongtao; Wang Chao

    2012-01-01

    This article presents in detail the assembling and welding process technique of the steel box girder tuyere blocks of Taizhou Bridge. The application of this process technique effectively solves the problem of welding stress release in tuyere block assembling and welding without increasing the number of turns of the blocks and overhead welding, thus avoiding possible structural deformation due to excessive accumulation of internal welding stress, greatly reducing the repeated deformation and correction work during assembling and welding, and ensuring the weld seam quality and overall dimensions of tuvere blocks of Taizhou Bridze.

  16. Assessment of seismic performance of skew reinforced concrete box girder bridges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Mohti, Ahmed; Pekcan, Gokhan

    2013-12-01

    The seismic vulnerability of highway bridges remains an important problem and has received increased attention as a consequence of unprecedented damage observed during several major earthquakes. A significant number of research studies have examined the performance of skew bridges under service and seismic loads. The results of these studies are particularly sensitive to modeling assumptions in view of the interacting parameters. In the present study, three-dimensional improved beam-stick models of two-span highway bridges with skew angles varying from 0° to 60° are developed to investigate the seismic response characteristics of skew box girder bridges. The relative accuracy of beam-stick models is verified against counterpart finite element models. The effect of various parameters and conditions on the overall seismic response was examined such as skew angle, ground motion intensity, soil condition, abutment support conditions, bridge aspect ratio, and foundation-base conditions. The study shows that the improved beam-stick models can be used to conduct accurate nonlinear time history analysis of skew bridges. Skew angle and interacting parameters were found to have significant effect on the behavior of skewed highway bridges. Furthermore, the performance of shear keys may have a predominant effect on the overall seismic response of the skew bridges.

  17. Finite element model updating of a prestressed concrete box girder bridge using subproblem approximation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, G. W.; Omenzetter, P.

    2016-04-01

    This paper presents the implementation of an updating procedure for the finite element model (FEM) of a prestressed concrete continuous box-girder highway off-ramp bridge. Ambient vibration testing was conducted to excite the bridge, assisted by linear chirp sweepings induced by two small electrodynamic shakes deployed to enhance the excitation levels, since the bridge was closed to traffic. The data-driven stochastic subspace identification method was executed to recover the modal properties from measurement data. An initial FEM was developed and correlation between the experimental modal results and their analytical counterparts was studied. Modelling of the pier and abutment bearings was carefully adjusted to reflect the real operational conditions of the bridge. The subproblem approximation method was subsequently utilized to automatically update the FEM. For this purpose, the influences of bearing stiffness, and mass density and Young's modulus of materials were examined as uncertain parameters using sensitivity analysis. The updating objective function was defined based on a summation of squared values of relative errors of natural frequencies between the FEM and experimentation. All the identified modes were used as the target responses with the purpose of putting more constrains for the optimization process and decreasing the number of potentially feasible combinations for parameter changes. The updated FEM of the bridge was able to produce sufficient improvements in natural frequencies in most modes of interest, and can serve for a more precise dynamic response prediction or future investigation of the bridge health.

  18. Development of the applicability of simplified Henry's method for skewed multicell box-girder bridges under traffic loading conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Iman MOHSENI; A.R.Khalim RASHID

    2012-01-01

    Concrete precast multicell box-girder (MCB) bridges combine aesthetics with torsional stiffness perfectly.Previous analytical studies indicate that currently available specifications are unable to consider the effect of the twisting moment (torsional moment) on bridge actions.In straight bridges the effect of torsion is negligible and the transverse reinforced design is governed by other requirements.However,in the case of skewed bridges the effect of the twisting moment should be considered.Therefore,an in-depth study was performed on 90 concrete MCB bridges with skew angles ranging from 0° to 60°.For each girder the bridge actions were determined under the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) live load conditions.The analytical results show that torsional stiffness and live load positions greatly affected the bridges' responses.In addition,based on a statistical analysis of the obtained results,several skew correction factors are proposed to improve the precision of the simplified Henry's method,which is widely used by bridge engineers to predict bridge actions.The relationship between the bending moment and secondary moments was also investigated and it was concluded that all secondary actions increase with an increase in skewness.

  19. Structural health monitoring of an existing PC box girder bridge with distributed HCFRP sensors in a destructive test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of hybrid carbon fiber reinforced polymer (HCFRP) sensors was addressed to monitor the structural health of an existing prestressed concrete (PC) box girder bridge in a destructive test. The novel HCFRP sensors were fabricated with three types of carbon tows in order to realize distributed and broad-based sensing, which is characterized by long-gauge length and low cost. The HCFRP sensors were bonded on the bottom and side surfaces of the existing bridge to monitor its structural health. The gauge lengths of the sensors bonded on the bottom and side surfaces were 1.5 m and 1.0 m, respectively. The HCFRP sensors were distributed on the bridge for two purposes. One was to detect damage and monitor the structural health of the bridge, such as the initiation and propagation of new cracks, strain distribution and yielding of steel reinforcements. The other purpose was to monitor the propagation of existing cracks. The good relationship between the change in electrical resistance and load indicates that the HCFRP sensors can provide actual infrastructures with a distributed damage detection and structural health monitoring system. Corrections were made to this article on 13 May 2008. The corrected electronic version is identical to the print version

  20. Finite Element and Experimental Analysis and Evaluation of Static and Dynamic Responses of Oblique Pre-stressed Concrete Box Girder Bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Fadhil Naser

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Hashuang bridge is type of prestressed concrete box girder oblique bridge and it is located in Harbin City within Heilongjiang province in the east north of China. The objectives of this study are to investigate the appearance of the bridge structure and identify all the damages in the bridge structural members and to evaluate the structural performance of the bridge structure under dead and live loads. Finite element analysis is used to analyze the static designed internal forces and dynamic responses by adopting SAP200 software Ver. 14.2.0. Static and dynamic load test are adopted to evaluate the structural performance of the bridge structure. The results of field investigation process of the bridge appearance show that the bridge suffers from serious damages. The web of box girder of the second span near pier No.2 (in the quarter of middle span at 39m on the bridge length suffers from serious shear cracks. The state of abutments, piers and sidewalks is good, but the bearing, drainage holes, steel rail and expansion joints are not good and they suffer from much damage. The steel rail is corroded and the expansion joint loses the material which fills the joint. There are many dusts and debris is collected on the bridge deck in the location near sidewalk. The analysis results of finite element and load tests show that there are high tensile stresses in the quarter of middle span at distance 39 m of the bridge length and the state of the bridge structure is not good and the main problem of the bridge structure in the original design of prestressed tendons. Therefore, this study recommends for repairing and strengthening the bridge structure to increase the stiffness and strength and to improve the bearing capacity of the bridge structural members to increase the service live of the bridge structure.

  1. Comparison of Temperature Loadings of Bridge Girders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Římal

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares the effect of temperature changes on the superstructure of bridges, above all the effect of non-uniform temperature. Loadings according to standards ESN 73 6203, ENV 1991-1-5 and DIN 1072 are compared here. The paper shows a short summary of temperature loading according to each standard and shows the comparison of bending moments arisen from these temperature loadings on superstructure made from continuous girder from a steel-concrete box girder with a composite concrete slab. With respect to a variety of design processes, the comparison is made without any coefficient of loading, combination or material. 

  2. 桥面铺装与小箱梁的共同作用试验%Experiment of Coaction of Bridge Deck Pavement and Small Box Girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱寅泉; 周正茂; 袁桂芳; 王素娟

    2012-01-01

    Load tests on a single small box girder and a bridge were carried out to evaluate the effects of deck pavement by comparing the deflections of the girders before and after the pavement surfaced. The comprehensive elastic modulus was obtained from the test before pavement surfaced, and the coaction degree of the bridge deck pavement and the girders was obtained by comparing the flexural inertia moment corresponding to the deflection in the test after pavement surfaced with the theoretical flexural inertia moment corresponding to the supposed thickness of the pavement in work. The results from these tests show that (1) the rough interface could greatly improve the coaction degree of bridge deck pavement with girders, which could reach 100% ; (2) in general cases, the extent of the coaction of bridge deck pavement with girders could reach 70% , and for a pavement with thickness of 8 cm, the thickness of the pavement in coaction could be taken as 60% or 3 cm in thickness could be substracted from the pavement in design; (3 ) the pavement could improve the uniformity of the transverse load distribution. Load tests on a single small box girder and a bridge were carried out to evaluate the effects of deck pavement by comparing the deflections of the girders before and after the pavement surfaced. The comprehensive elastic modulus was obtained from the test before pavement surfaced, and the coaction degree of the bridge deck pavement and the girders was obtained by comparing the flexural inertia moment corresponding to the deflection in the test after pavement surfaced with the theoretical flexural inertia moment corresponding to the supposed thickness of the pavement in work. The results from these tests show that (1) the rough interface could greatly improve the coaction degree of bridge deck pavement with girders, which could reach 100% ; (2) in general cases, the extent of the coaction of bridge deck pavement with girders could reach 70% , and for a pavement with

  3. Analysis of Grillage Method for Two-span 24-m Continuous Multi-chamber Irregular Box Girder Bridge%两跨24 m连续多室异型箱梁桥梁格法分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟国东

    2009-01-01

    该文通过对异型箱梁桥有限元模型的建立、输出数据的整理及分析,说明异型箱梁桥的空间分析方法,为类似桥梁的结构分析及设计提供了参考.%Through the establishment of finite element model for the irregular box girder bridge, and the sorting and analysis of the output data, the article explains the space analysis method of the irregular box girder bridge to provide the reference for the structural analysis and design of the similar bridges.

  4. 跨多股道钢箱梁天桥的结构设计%The Structural Design of Steel Box Girder Pedestrian Bridge Crossing Multiple Railways

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈耀海

    2011-01-01

    结合西部某新建火车站进站人行天桥工程实例,分析了设计和施工的多种控制条件,论证了主梁采用钢箱梁结构的合理性.通过有限元分析和动力特性计算可知,结构设计的控制因素为竖向自振频率,采用中墩与主梁固结的连接方式可以有效地调整结构竖向自振频率.%Based on the project case of one pedestrian bridge in one new constructed railway station at west China, many controlled conditions are analyzed about structural design and engineering construction, and the rationalitles of steel box girder bridge adopted in the design are also demonstrated. It is learned from finite - element analysis and dynamic characteristics calculation that the control factor of structural design is vertical vibration frequency, which can be improved effectively by means of fixed connection between central pier and steel box girder.

  5. Space Mechanical Characteristics of Continuous Box Girder Bridge with Variable Width%变宽度连续箱梁桥空间力学性能分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙峰伟

    2016-01-01

    Continuous box⁃girder bridge with variable⁃width is widely used in transportation construction. However, there is few study about the special structure. Taking a multi⁃span continuous box bridge with variable width of the intercity railway between Zhengzhou and Xinzheng international airport as an example, the influence of variable width section on the space me⁃chanical properties of continuous girder bridge was studied, taking into account of transverse effect of girder. Based on spatial beam element model, the feature of internal force, stress as well as displacement was obtained under dead load, prestressed load, temperature load and live load. The results indicated that torsion, reaching its maximum at bearing of the first span, was greatly influenced by the width of the cross section. And bearing bending moment and shearing force increased with wider beam under the action of self weight. The analysis results had reference value for the design of similar bridges.%横向变宽度桥梁在交通建设中被广泛采用,但对这种特殊结构的分析研究较少。本文以郑机城际铁路多跨变宽度连续箱梁桥为例,考虑主梁横向协同工作效应,研究截面宽度变化对连续梁桥空间受力特性的影响规律。通过建立空间梁单元模型,得到恒载、预应力荷载、温度作用和列车活载等荷载作用下箱梁的内力、正应力和位移分布特征。结果表明:变截面宽度对扭矩影响较大,在宽度较大的第一跨支座处达到最大扭矩值;自重作用下,支座处弯矩及剪力随着梁宽度变大而增大。分析结果对设计同类桥梁有参考价值。

  6. 大跨度斜拉桥钢箱梁非对称安装技术%Asymmetric Mounting Technology for Steel Box Girder of Large - span Cable - stayed Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄中华

    2012-01-01

    介绍了辽宁滨海公路辽河特大桥斜拉桥钢箱梁非对称悬臂安装技术,通过对本桥方案箱梁非对称悬臂安装方案—边跨钢梁高支架上直接滑移就位连接、主跨钢梁逐段悬臂安装的方案可行性研究与实施,为同类型桥梁施工提供了很好的借鉴作用。%Asymmetric cantilever - type mounting technology of steel box girder of cable - stayed bridge of Li- aohe Bridge across Liaoning Coastal Highway is introduced; through the feasibility study and implementation of asymmetric cantilever - type mounting scheme of steel box girder of the bridge - scheme of direct slip in place con- nection on high bracket of side - span steel girder and section by section cantilever - type mounting of main span steel girder, a good reference is provided for the bridge construction of the same type.

  7. A case study of interior low-frequency noise from box-shaped bridge girders induced by running trains: Its mechanism, prediction and countermeasures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xun; Li, Xiaozhen; Hao, Hong; Wang, Dangxiong; Li, Yadong

    2016-04-01

    A side effect of high-speed railway and urban rail transit systems is the associated vibration and noise. Since the use of concrete viaducts is predominant in railway construction due to scarce land resources, low-frequency (20-200 Hz) structure-radiated noise from concrete bridges is a principal concern. Although it is the most commonly used bridge type, the mechanism of noise emission from box-shaped bridge girders when subjected to impact forces from moving trains, which sounds like beating a drum, has not been well studied. In this study, a field measurement was first made on a simply-supported box-shaped bridge to record the acceleration of the slabs and the associated sound pressures induced by running trains. These data indicated that a significant beat-wave noise occurred in the box-shaped cavity when the train speed was around 340 km/h, which arose from the interference between two sound waves of 75.0 Hz and 78.8 Hz. The noise leakage from the bridge expansion joint was serious and resulted in obvious noise pollution near the bridge once the beat-wave noise was generated in the cavity. The dominant frequency of the interior noise at 75.0 Hz was confirmed from the spectrum of the data and the modal analysis results, and originated from the peak vibration of the top slab due to resonance and the first-order vertical acoustic mode, which led to cavity resonance, amplifying the corresponding noise. The three-dimensional acoustic modes and local vibration modes of the slab were calculated by using the finite element method. A simplified vehicle-track-bridge coupling vibration model was then developed to calculate the wheel-rail interaction force in a frequency range of 20-200 Hz. Numerical simulations using the boundary element method confirmed the cavity resonance effect and the numerical results agreed well with the data. Based on the calibrated numerical model, three noise reduction measures, i.e., adding a horizontal baffle in the interior cavity, narrowing

  8. Surveying Technique in Steel Box Girders Construction of Long- span Steel Pylon Cable- stayed Bridge%大跨径钢索塔斜拉桥钢箱梁施工测量技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙景领; 赵显富; 王新志

    2012-01-01

    Nanjing Third Yangzi River Bridge with its orthotropic plate streamlined fiat steel girder box is the first supergiant cable - stayed bridge in china whose main tower is of steel structure. This paper introduces the accuracy requirement of the steel box girder installation and the way to establish construction control network step by step. It also elaborates on the methods and techniques adopted in the construction and measurement of different sections of the girders. The result shows that the line type of steel box girder accords with the requirement of design.%南京长江三桥是我国首座主塔采用钢结构形式的特大型斜拉桥,主梁为正交异性板流线型扁平式钢箱梁。文章介绍了钢箱粱安装的精度要求,以及分步骤建立施工控制网的方法,并详细阐述了不同梁段施工测量的技术和方法,结果表明成桥后的钢箱梁线型符合设计要求。

  9. Experimental Modal Anlysis of Pedestrian Steel Box Girder Bridge%人行钢箱梁桥模态试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申杨凡; 杨斌; 何钰龙; 郭凯强; 续琦峰; 王艳琪; 贾艳敏

    2016-01-01

    为了了解人行钢桥的自振特性,运用东华测试系统对某人行钢箱梁桥进行模态测试,得到桥梁的动力特性参数,并将试验测得的固有频率、模态振型与 ANSYS 有限元模型中的模态数据进行对比分析。分析结果表明:该人行钢箱梁桥的基频的试验值与理论值的误差为3.8%,行人的附加模态质量是对试验产生误差的原因之一,但对结构基频的影响不大,这也就证明了采用峰值拾取法处理时域数据是合理的,同时结合模态判定准则所得模态数据也是可信的,通过该模态测试系统可有效地测得模态参数(固有频率、模态振型及阻尼比)。%In order to study the natural vibration characteristics of the pedestrian bridge steel,a pedestrian steel box girder bridge’s model experiment is carried out with Donghua Test System to get the dynamic characteristics of bridge,and comparing Natural frequency and mode shapes with modal data a-nalysis of ANSYS finite element model.The analysis results indicate that the error between the fundamen-tal frequency experiment value and the theoretical value of the pedestrian steel box girder bridge is 3.8%.And the additional modal mass of pedestrian is one of the reasons why the experiment have error,it’s in-fluence is little.What proved that using the Peak Picking Method to manipulation time domain data is rea-sonable.At the same time,the modal date that obtained by combining with the modal criterion is credi-ble.That modal parameters(natural frequency,modal vibration mode and damping ratio)can be measured effectively by the modal testing system.

  10. Pedestrian bridge steel box girder with steel truss mechanics performance comparison and analysis%钢箱梁与钢桁架人行天桥力学性能对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申杨凡; 续琦峰; 杨斌; 王绍全; 郭凯强; 王艳琪; 贾艳敏

    2015-01-01

    为了分析并对比钢箱梁与钢桁架人行天桥的力学性能,建立了两者的ANSYS有限元计算模型,通过静力分析,得出钢桁架人行天桥的承载力更大,通过动力特性分析,钢桁架人行天桥较钢箱梁人行天桥更易产生扭转,且钢箱梁的自振频率较钢桁架的自振频率要大。%In order to analyze and contrast the steel box girder and steel truss pedestrian bridge mechanical properties,the ANSYS finite element calculation model is established,by static analysis,we can draw the steel truss of pedestrian bridge bearing capacity is larger,through the analy-sis of the dynamic characteristics of the pedestrian steel truss bridge with steel box girder footbridge reverse easier to be produced,and the natural frequency of vibration of the steel box girders for bigger than the natural frequency of vibration of steel truss.

  11. Slanted Pylon Construction Technology of a Cable Stayed Bridge with Box Girder of Corrugated Steel Webs and Without Back Stays%波形钢腹板箱梁无背索斜拉桥斜塔施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾贯乾

    2015-01-01

    The original structural single tower cable stayed bridge without back stays is used in the main bridge on Zhens-hui Road in Xinmi City.The main girder is box girder with corrugated steel webs.Pier,tower and girder of the main bridge are consolidated together.The dip angle of the main tower is 59 degrees.Construction of the main girder is very difficult. Based on the design,segmental division is made of the main tower construction.To overcome the difficulties of construc-tion,comparison and study were made on the construction scheme which was explained in details.%新密市溱水路大桥主桥采用新型的钢-混组合结构梁独塔无背索斜拉桥桥型,主梁主塔为波形钢腹板混凝土箱梁。主桥为墩塔梁固结体系,塔身倾斜,斜塔倾角59°,主塔施工难度非常大,质量控制困难。依据设计特点,对斜塔施工进行了合理的节段划分,为克服斜塔实心混凝土结构施工困难,对施工方案进行详细的比选和研究,并对方案实施进行了详细阐述。

  12. Technology for Erecting Box Girder with Bridge Erecting Machine and Tow Beam Under Low Clearance%低净空架桥机结合扁担梁架设箱梁技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭富君

    2015-01-01

    高速公路连接线桥梁工程设计采用先简支后连续小箱梁施工,在穿越高铁时,由于高铁桥梁底部距新建公路桥梁桥面净空只有5.823 m,架桥机无法采取正常的工艺架设施工。通过方案优化,提出了架桥机结合自制扁担梁架设箱梁的施工技术,在不影响高铁运行的情况下,解决了净空不足情况下的小箱梁架设施工难题。%The design of bridge engineering for expressway connecting line uses simply-supported to continuous casket gird-er construction.During the crossing of the high-speed railway,due to the clearance between the bottom of the high-speed railway bridge and the newly built highway bridge deck is only 5.823 m,the bridge erecting machine cannot take normal process erection.Through the scheme optimization,the construction technology for erecting box girder with bridge erecting machine and self-made tow beam is proposed.It solves the problems for erecting casket beam under insufficient clearance without affecting the operation of high-speed railway.

  13. Unconventional Bearing Capacity Analysis and Optimization of Multicell Box Girders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovan Tepic

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with unconventional bearing capacity analysis and the procedure of optimizing a two-cell box girder. The generalized model which enables the local stress-strain analysis of multicell girders was developed based on the principle of cross-sectional decomposition. The applied methodology is verified using the experimental data (Djelosevic et al., 2012 for traditionally formed box girders. The qualitative and quantitative evaluation of results obtained for the two-cell box girder is realized based on comparative analysis using the finite element method (FEM and the ANSYS v12 software. The deflection function obtained by analytical and numerical methods was found consistent provided that the maximum deviation does not exceed 4%. Multicell box girders are rationally designed support structures characterized by much lower susceptibility of their cross-sectional elements to buckling and higher specific capacity than traditionally formed box girders. The developed local stress model is applied for optimizing the cross section of a two-cell box carrier. The author points to the advantages of implementing the model of local stresses in the optimization process and concludes that the technological reserve of bearing capacity amounts to 20% at the same girder weight and constant load conditions.

  14. 基于WIM数据的上海长江大桥钢箱梁的寿命评估%Life Evaluation of Box Girder of Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge Based on WIM Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖霞霞; 胡明敏; 徐昊

    2014-01-01

    Evaluation of the box girder details of Shanghai Yangtze river can provide the basis for the bridge ’ s maintenance and repairment .The research result of “Fatigue stress spectrum study of the steel box girder of Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge ,based on the analysis of WIM data” was used to get all the details of the stress spectrum of steel box girder .Then according to BS 5400 the tenth part ,confirming S-N curve which can reflect the details quality of fatigue .Finally ,estimating the steel box girder’s life with the combination of the Miner fatigue cumulative damage rule .According to the result ,we can know that during the current oper-ating process ,the box girder details have small stress amplitude ,high cycles and small damage magnitude . These details will not bring about fatigue damage .During the current operation ,the structure will keep high safety performance and reliability .Determine the damage point and the size of the damage value is unique in this article .%通过对上海长江大桥细节寿命的估算为大桥的维护和修复提供依据。基于论文“基于WIM数据的上海长江大桥钢箱梁应力谱研究”的研究结果,得到钢箱梁各细节的应力谱,同时参考英国桥梁规范BS 5400第十部分,确定了能够体现细节疲劳性能的 S-N曲线,并结合M iner疲劳累积损伤准则,对大桥钢箱梁细节寿命进行评估。研究结果表明,在现行日常运营过程中,钢箱梁各细节应力幅值较小,循环次数多,损伤量级很小,故细节不会发生疲劳破坏,即结构在现行运营期间保持了很高的安全性和可靠度。

  15. Load Test of a Continuous Box Girder Bridge%某连续箱梁桥荷载试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽; 孙立; 霍立飞

    2014-01-01

    Through the static and dynamic load test of a reinforced concrete continuous girder bridge,the mechanical property indexes of the bridge structure under load were measured.According to the comparison of test results with those of theoretical calculation,and in accordance with the relevant norms,the overall performances of the bridge were evaluated.The analysis re-sults show that all the indexes of the bridge could meet the requirements of the code;the bridge was in elastic working state.The calculation of such bridge could provide reference for similar projects.%对某4跨连续箱梁桥进行静、动载试验,测得试验荷载作用下桥梁结构关键力学参数的各项指标。根据实测结果与理论计算值的比较,并按相关规范,对桥梁整体性能进行评价,分析结果表明该桥各项测量指标均满足规范要求,结构处于正常弹性工作状态。这对此类桥梁结构的计算分析方法在工程中有一定的借鉴意义。

  16. Innovative Design and Application of Assembled Bridge Erection Machine Used for Segmental Box Girder%拼装式节段箱梁造桥机的创新设计与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张耀辉; 赵振宇; 鲍存坤

    2013-01-01

    为了解决新建兰新二线红柳河特大桥在特殊条件下的节段箱梁施工难题,在总结吸收以往造桥机施工技术的基础上,对采用八七梁杆件为主要材料的拼装式造桥机进行了大胆的创新设计.特殊设计了不同以往造桥机的前、中、后支腿等特殊支撑结构,并采用了独特的造桥机过孔模式和安全保护措施,很好地实现了特殊条件下的高速铁路箱梁节段拼装施工要求,供其他类似工程的施工参考借鉴.%To solve the construction problems in segmental box girder of Hongliu River Bridge on the new second line of Lanzhou - Xinjiang Railway under the special conditions, this assembled bridge erection machine, which was mainly composed of the 87-type railway emergency steel beams, was designed boldly with technical innovation based on the construction technologies of former bridge erection machines. For this machine, some special supporting structures were designed, such as the front leg, middle leg and the rear leg, which were different from the previous similar machines. In addition, the unique models were adopted for this machine passing through the bridge spans and for the security measures, so that it can meet the requirements of segmental method for box girder of high-speed railway under the special condition, and can also provide good reference for the bridge erection of similar projects.

  17. Design of Curve Cable-Stayed Bridge with Steel-Box Hybrid Girder for Four-Track Railway%四线铁路钢箱混合梁弯斜拉桥设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗世东; 饶少臣

    2011-01-01

    According to the mechanical characteristics of the curve cable-stayed bridge of four-track railway, the structure design and research on the cable, girder, bridge towers and foundation construction were launched by space bar finite element static analysis method in terms of the cable-stayed bridge architecture, the bridge stiffness, shrinkage and creep, and geometric nonlinearity etc. FEM analysis was used to study the stress distribution of the orthotropic steel box decks under the combined effect of the vertical and horizontal bending, shear lag and torsion warping. With FEM simulation, the local stress analysis and structure research were carried out on several aspects, such as the joint section of steel box girder and the prestressed concrete beam, the consolidation area between the main girder and the crossbeam of the bridge tower as well as the upper and lower steel anchor boxes for stay cable. Vehicle-bridge coupled time-varying analysis method was adopted to study the train running dynamic performance. Response spectrum method and seismic time history analysis method were used to study and analyze the seismic performance and seismic measures of the structure. Analyses show that about 3 m distance between the diaphragm and the web plates adopted for the steel box girder plays important role in improving the main beam structure in the curve cable-stayed bridge of four-track railway. Good train operation performance indicates that 1/900 deflection-span ratio adopted for the bridge to control the structural stiffness is more reasonable. E-type steel damping bearing has improved the seismic performance of the bridge.%根据四线铁路弯斜拉桥的受力特点,采用空间杆系有限元静力分析方法,围绕斜拉桥结构体系、桥梁整体刚度、收缩徐变、几何非线性等方面对其展开拉索、主梁、桥塔、基础的构造设计与研究.采用有限元仿真分析技术,研究正交异性桥面板的弯钢箱梁在受纵横向弯曲

  18. Force Analysis and Experimental Study of Steel Anchor Box in Girder of Railway Hybrid Girder Cable-Stayed Bridge%铁路混合梁斜拉桥索梁钢锚箱受力分析与试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘振标; 施洲; 罗世东; 么超逸; 曾甲华

    2015-01-01

    The Yongjiang River Bridge on the North Ring Link of the Ningbo Railway Termi‐nal is a hybrid girder cable‐stayed bridge with a main span of 468 m .In view of the characteristics of the heavy double‐track railway live load and narrow deck on the bridge and the strict require‐ments for the train traveling safety and passenger riding comfort ,a new type of the double‐cantile‐ver steel anchor box in girder has been developed .Integrating both the functions of the structure itself and the wind fairings ,the new steel anchor box has advantages of great bending ,torsional stiffness and good fatigue performance as compared to the traditional single‐cantilever steel anchor box .To systematically analyze the force characteristics of the new type of the anchor box ,the fi‐nite element model was established and the force and force transfer characteristics of the anchor box were analyzed .The local model in full scale of 1∶1 for the anchor box was fabricated and the fatigue checking test of 2 million time cycling and the fatigue failure test of 1 million time cycling were carried out .The results of the tests show that the stress and load of the new anchor box ex‐hibit linear relationship and no cracks are found in the model ,verifying that the structural design of the anchor box is rational and safe and the anchor box is the rational steel anchor box type in girder that is applicable to long span double‐track railw ay cable‐stayed bridges .%宁波铁路枢纽北环线甬江特大桥为主跨468 m的混合梁斜拉桥,基于双线铁路活载重、桥面窄、列车运营安全性和旅客乘坐舒适度要求高,研究采用了一种新型双挑式索梁钢锚箱,集结构功能与风嘴功能于一体,相比传统单挑式锚箱具有抗弯抗扭刚度大、疲劳性能优良的特点。为系统分析新锚箱结构受力特性,通过建立有限元模型,分析索梁钢锚箱的受力特点与传力特性,并制作1∶1足尺

  19. Suspension Bridge Flutter for Girder with Separate Control Flaps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huynh, T.; Thoft-Christensen, Palle

    Active vibration control of long span suspension bridge flutter using separated control flaps (SFSC) has shown to increase effectively the critical wind speed of bridges. In this paper, an SFSC calculation based on modal equations of the vertical and torsional motions of the bridge girder including...... the flaps is presented. The length of the flaps attached to the girder, the flap configuration and the flap rotational angles are parameters used to increase the critical wind speed of the bridge. To illustrate the theory a numerical example is shown for a suspension bridge of 1000m+2500m+1000m span based...

  20. Analysis of vibration test for the skew box girder bridge under human-induced excitation%人群荷载作用下斜箱梁桥振动试验分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵学; 王介修; 勾志硕; 贾艳敏

    2014-01-01

    By the actual test and theoretical analysis for vibration of the skew box girder bridge under human-induced excitation,the determina-tion of dynamic characteristic and the dynamic reaction under the effect of moving pedestrian,actual working state of the bridge under moving load have been studied,with safe bearing capacity and use condition of the whole structure determined.%通过对三跨预应力连续斜箱梁桥在人群荷载作用下的振动问题进行实桥测试和理论分析,测定其动态特性及在跑动的人群荷载作用下的动态响应,了解了该桥在动荷载作用下的实际工作状态,从而判断该桥整体结构的安全承载能力和使用条件。

  1. Integrated Construction Technology of Fish-Belled Box Girder Bridge with Variable Cross-Section%鱼腹式变截面箱梁桥综合施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔德法

    2012-01-01

    鱼腹式变截面箱梁桥具有造型美观的特点,符合桥梁美学设计,但施工难度大;结合工程实例,通过建立空间直角坐标系,“从点到线、从线到面、从面到体”进行控制,思路清晰,工艺明确,较好的解决了变截面箱梁的施工难题.桥梁施工范围内淤泥深度为3.49~8.86 m,无明水,施工过程中,根据淤泥深度不同,分别采用“钻孔桩、贝雷梁”和“清淤换填、戗灰处理”两种方式对支架基础进行处理:经过施工检验,基础沉降量控制在允许范围内.%Fish-bellied box girder bridges with variable cross-section have attractive characteristics which comply with the idea of aesthetic design of bridge, but the construction is difficult. The author, in combination with actual project, established the space rectangular coordinate system to control the construction "from point to line, from line to surface, and from surface to body" with clear technological meanings and processes, therefore the construction puzzle of variable cross-section box girder was well solved. In addition, because the depth of silt within construction range is 3. 49 .8. 86 m without visible water, two ways of "bored piles plus bailey beam" and "dredging for filling, treating with ash" were adopted to deal with the support foundation during construction based on different depth of silt. The results of construction inspection show that the settlement of the foundation is within the allowed range.

  2. Experimentally Validated Nonlinear Analysis of Bridge Plate Girders with Deformations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kużawa Mieszko

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Comprehensive methodology of numerical nonlinear analysis of the consecutive phases in the structural behaviour of bridge plate girders with deformations is presented. The analysis concerns all stages of structure loading until failure and especially determination of the ultimate shear load capacity. Verification and validation of the numerical procedures proposed is based on comparison of the calculated results with effects of experimental laboratory shear capacity tests of plate girders carried out at the University of Ljubljana.

  3. Joint design and model tests of extra-long-span continuous box girder bridge composed of UHPC%超大跨径UHPC连续箱梁桥接缝设计及模型试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张策; 邵旭东; 张阳

    2015-01-01

    With the precast segment cantilever method,a bracket joint between segments is proposed for the extra-long-span continuous box girder bridge composed of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC ). The optimization analysis is conducted based on some parameters,such as the horizontal angle of bracket joint,the ratio of joint tooth block depth and height,and the ratio of joint tooth block height to beam height. The optimal ones are less than 45 ,great than 1/10, and 1/3 ~ 2/3 correspondingly. A double cantilever box girder with bracket joint is designed according to the optimization results. Combining with model tests and numerical analysis,the shear behavior of web ’s joint and the influence of diaphragm plates on the joint performance are studied. The results demonstrate that the shear behavior of web’s joint is strong,and the shear capacity of joint can be increased by intensive diaphragm plates in thin-walled box girder. The cracking strain in joint’s corner is up to 455με,and the corresponding stress is about 9. 23MPa. The results are much greater than those of the ordinary concrete joint,and the resistance cracking degree of safety approaches 1. 63.%针对超大跨径UHPC连续箱梁桥,提出悬臂拼装法施工的牛腿式UHPC节段间接缝,并对其倾角、深高比、齿梁高之比进行优化设计,得到接缝牛腿最优水平倾角为0°~45°,深高比≥1/10,齿梁高比为1/3~2/3。利用优化结果设计制作一个双悬臂梁接缝模型,采用模型试验与数值分析相结合的方法,研究薄壁箱梁拼装节段腹板接缝的抗剪性能及横隔板对腹板接缝性能的影响。静力试验的结果与数值模拟分析的结果都表明:薄壁箱梁腹板接缝抗剪性能强,密集横隔板能提高接缝抗剪承载力,接缝角趾开裂应变达到455με,相应计算应力达14.71MPa,远大于普通混凝土的接缝强度,抗裂安全度可达1.63。

  4. Design and test of box girder for a large wind turbine blade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Per Hørlyk; Tesauro, Angelo; Bitsche, Robert;

    This report is covering the structural design and full scale test of a box girder as a part of the project “Demonstration of new blade design using manufacturing process simulations” supported by the EUDP program. A box girder with a predetermined outer geometry was designed using new inventions...... that the manufacturing process could include the new inventions. Subsequently the box girder was transported to the blade test facility at DTU Wind Energy. A series of test was performed with the blade to investigate the behaviour during loading, and finally the girder was loaded to ultimate failure. The report includes......, which create an inner structure in the box girder. With a combination of advanced FEM analysis and the inventions it was possible to reduce the material thickness of the cap by up to 40%. The new design of the box girder was manufactured at SSP Technology A/S, where it was demonstrated...

  5. Mechanics Analysis on Rigid-flexible Composite Pavement Structure of Fabricated Steel Box Girder Bridge Deck%装配式钢箱梁桥面刚柔复合铺装结构力学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴国雄; 程菓; 伍成忱

    2016-01-01

    选择钢箱梁刚柔复合桥面铺装体系为研究对象,建立正交异形板以及铺装层的三维有限元模型,探索车轮荷载作用下刚柔复合铺装层及其与钢桥面板界面上力学响应的分布规律。分析表明,刚柔复合铺装结构整体刚度较好,铺装层受力的局部效应减弱;纵向拉应力为刚柔复合铺装中拉应力的主要控制指标;正交异性板的刚度突变位置易出现最大应力值。研究结果可对钢桥面铺装设计提供理论依据。%This paper chooses rigid-flexible composite steel box girder bridge deck as the research object, establishes a three-dimensional finite element model of orthotropic plate and pavement to explore the distribution rule of the mechanical response from the rigid-flexible composite pavement and the bridge deck interface under wheel loads. The analysis shows that the overall stiffness of the rigid-flexible composite pavement structure is good, and the local effects of pavement force weakens; longitudinal tensile stress is the main control indicator of the tensile stress in the rigid-flexible pavement com-posite; the stiffness mutation of orthotropic plate is prone to the maximum stress. The results provide a theoretical basis for pavement design.

  6. 超大跨径单向预应力UHPC连续箱梁桥概念设计与初步实验%Conceptual design and preliminary experiment of super-long-span continuous box-girder bridge composed of one-way prestressed UHPC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵旭东; 詹豪; 雷薇; 张哲

    2013-01-01

    A novel super-long-span continuous box-girder bridge made from ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) was proposed.By combining UHPC,thin-walled box girder with dense diaphragm plates and partial external prestressing into the novel box-girder system,a traditional three-dimensional prestressed structure is transformed into a longitudinal one-way prestressed one.Hence,not only can the main span length of girder bridges be improved,but also the ever existing problems in long-span PC bridges,such as the cracking in concrete girders and the excessive deflection at midspan,may be eliminated.A trial-design for a continuous box-girder bridge built from UHPC with main span length of 400m is presented,and the results show that the thicknesses of its components can be decreased greatly,the transverse stress decreased effectively by using the dense diaphragms,and the self-weight of superstructure may be reduced about 50% so that a good economy may be achieved and the one-way prestressed structure is completely feasible.The model tests were carried out to evaluate the creep deformation and shear capability of UHPC beam,and the results show that the creep deformation of UHPC beam is only 20% of that of ordinary concrete beam,and the shear capability of web can be further enhanced by employing dense diaphragms.The novel super-long-span continuous box-girder bridge is a competitive candidate in the aspects of safety,economy and durability,implying that it is applicable to the continuous girder bridge with main span length of 400m.%提出一种超大跨径超高性能混凝土(UHPC)连续箱梁桥新体系.新体系梁桥将超高性能混凝土(UHPC)、密集横隔板薄壁箱梁和部分体外预应力有机结合,变传统三向预应力为纵向单向预应力结构,不仅提升了梁桥跨径,而且可消除传统大跨径PC梁桥的主梁过度下挠和梁体开裂两类病害,通过对跨径400m的UHPC连续箱梁桥试设计,结果表明,新体系箱梁桥各种板件

  7. Preliminary study to facilitate smart structure systems in bridge girders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkpatrick, Thomas C.; Peterson, Danford O.; Rossi, Peter J.; Ray, Laura R.; Livingston, Richard A.

    1999-05-01

    Sensors are currently available and used to monitor structural performance and loads incurred by bridges already in service. However, there has been limited research concerning the stresses that steel bridge girders endure during transport from the manufacturer to the job site and during the installation process. This paper reports the measured stresses on steel bridge girders during transportation from Lancaster, PA to Hanover, NH and during construction of the Ledyard Bridge on the New Hampshire - Vermont border. Two different monitoring system were developed for this data acquisition in a mobile environment. The first, a fiber optic strain monitoring system, utilizing Bragg grating technology. The second utilized an electrical- resistive foil strain gage network, in conjunction with wireless telemetry equipment. Together, these two systems formed a smart structure system for monitoring bridge girders while confirming the accuracy of data gathered through redundancy. Result conclusively demonstrated for the first time, that stresses in beams during transportation are significant and approach the factor of safety margin in girder design.

  8. Analysis of Fatigue Stress Property of Steel Box Girder of Jiangyin Changjiang River Bridge%江阴长江大桥钢箱梁疲劳应力特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吉伯海; 叶枝; 傅中秋; 汪锋; 孙洪滨

    2016-01-01

    为准确评估钢桥结构的疲劳损伤状态和剩余疲劳寿命,以江阴长江大桥为背景,对该桥钢箱梁疲劳裂纹产生位置进行连续疲劳应变监测,获取应变时程数据,结合雨流计数法技术建立日疲劳应力谱;分析应力幅~循环次数分布规律;研究累积损伤度分布特征,建立损伤度分布模型,计算不同车道构造细节疲劳损伤度和剩余寿命。研究结果表明:钢箱梁顶板测点、U肋与横隔板焊接末端处、弧形缺口有效截面最小处均以压应力为主,U 肋以拉应力为主;应力幅累积循环次数分布服从Weibull函数分布;疲劳累积损伤度分布服从Boltzman函数分布,顶板与U肋连接处U肋腹板沿横桥向慢车道疲劳损伤较快车道损伤大,下游车道较上游车道损伤大,其中下游慢车道U肋腹板细节疲劳损伤最大。%To accurately evaluate the fatigue damaging condition and remaining fatigue life of steel bridge structure ,the Jiangyin Changjiang River Bridge was cited as an example .Continuous fatigue strain monitoring was conducted at the locations where fatigue cracks were found on the steel box girder to gain real‐time strain data .The monitoring data ,combined with the rain flow counting method ,were used to set up the daily fatigue stress spectrum to analyze the distribution law of S~ N curve .The distribution law of fatigue accumulating damage was studied .The model of damage distribution was set up ,to calculate the fatigue damages and remaining life of different structural details of the traffic lane .T he results of the study demonstrate that compressive stress was dominant at the testing locations in the steel box girder ,ends of U‐rib and diaphragm welds and least effective cross section of the arc notches ,whereas tensile stress was found primarily on U ribs .The distribution of the accumulated stress cycle follows the way of Weibull function distribu‐tion .The distribution

  9. Design and test of box girder for a large wind turbine blade

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nielsen, Per H.; Tesauro, A.; Bitsche, R. [Technical Univ. of Denmark. DTU Wind Energy, DTU Risoe Campus, Roskilde (Denmark)] [and others

    2012-09-15

    This report is covering the structural design and full scale test of a box girder as a part of the project ''Demonstration of new blade design using manufacturing process simulations'' supported by the EUDP program. A box girder with a predetermined outer geometry was designed using new inventions, which create an inner structure in the box girder. With a combination of advanced FEM analysis and the inventions it was possible to reduce the material thickness of the cap by up to 40%. The new design of the box girder was manufactured at SSP Technology A/S, where it was demonstrated that the manufacturing process could include the new inventions. Subsequently the box girder was transported to the blade test facility at DTU Wind Energy. A series of test was performed with the blade to investigate the behaviour during loading, and finally the girder was loaded to ultimate failure. The report includes the description of the test setup, the test and an overview over the results from the test performed on the box girder. During the final test the box girder failed at 58 % of the expected ultimate load. Unfortunately, no definite conclusion could be made concerning the failure mechanism. (Author)

  10. 双层桥箱内壁车辆碰撞混凝土损伤仿真研究%Simulation Study on Concrete Damage of the Inner Box Collision of the Double Decked Continuous Box Girder Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈正峰; 方金苗; 郑净

    2014-01-01

    Double-decked continuous box bridge is a new structure system and how to evaluate the structure damage caused by vehicle collision inner box has a great significance to the wide application of the new structure .This paper researches all conditions of structure damages caused by vehicle collision inner box by means of computerized simulation .The study finds out the concrete injured parts and its degree ,analysis the sensitive factor of concrete damage ,which provides suggestions for the design of double-decked bridge .%双层连续箱梁桥是一种新型结构体系,如何评价车辆撞击箱梁内部造成的结构损伤对于这种新型结构的广泛运用具有重要意义。通过计算机仿真技术研究各种工况下车辆对箱梁桥内壁撞击引起的结构损伤情况,得出混凝土损伤部位以及程度,分析影响混凝土损伤的敏感因子,为双层桥结构设计提供参考。

  11. Buffeting Response of Suspension Bridge Girder with Separate Control Flaps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huynh, Truc; Thoft-Christensen, Palle

    This paper presents the calculation of the root mean square (RMS) response of a suspension bridge using separate control flaps (SCF) in turbulence conditions. It is assumed that the mean wind velocity is not large enough to cause coupled vibrations and that single mode buffeting response is of in......This paper presents the calculation of the root mean square (RMS) response of a suspension bridge using separate control flaps (SCF) in turbulence conditions. It is assumed that the mean wind velocity is not large enough to cause coupled vibrations and that single mode buffeting response...... on the basis of independent flutter derivatives and independent aeroelastic coefficients from the girder and from the flaps. The theory is demonstrated by a numerical example based on a long-span suspension bridge model with the Great Belt girder....

  12. 箱桁梁断面斜拉桥涡振性能及抑振措施的研究%Research on vortex-induced vibration and its control for cable-stayed bridge with box-truss composite girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯丛; 华旭刚; 胡腾飞; 陈强; 陈政清

    2016-01-01

    T he cable-stayed Dongting Lake railway bridge under construction was case-studied in this paper. A finite element modeling of the cable-stayed bridge with box-truss composite girder and its vortex-induced vibration were analyzed. T hree finite element schemes for modeling box-truss girder of the bridge,namely the spatial beam model ( SBM) ,spatial plate-beam model( SPBM ) and spatial shell model( SSM ) ,were compared in terms of modal frequency,equivalent mass and mass moment of inertia per unit length. It shows that the results from the SPBM and the SSM are basically the same,while the SBM can't accurately produce the equivalent mass unit length girder for some higher-order lateral modes. T he vortex-induce vibration of the box-truss composite girder was tested in wind tunnel by flexibly mounted rigid sectional model tests. T he results indicate that this cross-section type may experience large-amplitude vertical vortex-induced vibrations at wind attack angle of -3°,which is caused by the vortex shedding at the leading edge of the box-girder part of the cross-section. T he effects of aerodynamic appendix for suppression of vortex-induced vibrations w ere studied and it is found that tw o stabilizers beneath the open orthotropic deck dramatically reduce the vibration amplitude. T he vibration amplitude is within the limit given in design specification when the height of stabilizers is half of the box-girder height; and the vortex-induced vibrations completely diminish when the height of stabilizers is the same as the box-girder height.%以在建的洞庭湖铁路三塔斜拉桥为工程背景,分析了箱桁断面斜拉桥主梁的建模方法以及涡激共振性能。首先比较了主梁建模的空间杆系模型、梁壳组合模型以及三维壳体模型在模态频率、主梁单位长度等效质量和等效质量惯性矩的差异。结果表明,三种模型的模态分析结果基本相近,但空间杆系模型不能准确得到高阶侧弯模

  13. Structural Health Monitoring of Precast Concrete Box Girders Using Selected Vibration-Based Damage Detection Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhengjie Zhou

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Precast, prestressed concrete box girders are commonly used as superstructure components for short and medium span bridges. Their configuration and typical side-by-side placement make large portions of these elements inaccessible for visual inspection or the application of nondestructive testing techniques. This paper demonstrates that vibration-based damage detection (VBDD is an effective alternative for monitoring their structural health. A box girder removed from a dismantled bridge was used to evaluate the ability of five different VBDD algorithms to detect and localize low levels of spalling damage, with a focus on using a small number of sensors and only the fundamental mode of vibration. All methods were capable of detecting and localizing damage to a region within approximately 1.6 times the longitudinal spacing between as few as six uniformly distributed accelerometers. Strain gauges configured to measure curvature were also effective, but tended to be susceptible to large errors in near support damage cases. Finite element analyses demonstrated that increasing the number of sensor locations leads to a proportional increase in localization accuracy, while the use of additional modes provides little advantage and can sometimes lead to a deterioration in the performance of the VBDD techniques.

  14. 福州市螺洲大桥主桥钢箱梁顶推施工技术%Fuzhou Beaufort Bridge Pushing steel box girder construction technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄强

    2011-01-01

    Bridge project with Fuzhou Beaufort introduced Pushing walker pan features and construction techniques of process equipment,and the use of centralized control system.At the same time according to the actual situation of this project,analysis of the top platform and push the design of temporary buttress will not rationality and economy.%结合福州市螺洲大桥工程介绍步履式平移顶推施工技术的特点和工艺设备,以及采用的集中控制系统。同时根据本工程实际情况,分析顶推平台与临时支墩的布置与设计的合理性以及经济性。

  15. Dynamic Magnification Factor in a Box-Shape Steel Girder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahbar-Ranji, A.

    2014-01-01

    The dynamic effect of moving loads on structures is treated as a dynamic magnification factor when resonant is not imminent. Studies have shown that the calculated magnification factors from field measurements could be higher than the values specified in design codes. It is the main aim of present paper to investigate the applicability and accuracy of a rule-based expression for calculation of dynamic magnification factor for lifting appliances used in marine industry. A steel box shape girder of a crane is considered and transient dynamic analysis using computer code ANSYS is implemented. Dynamic magnification factor is calculated for different loading conditions and compared with rule-based equation. The effects of lifting speeds, acceleration, damping ratio and position of cargo are examined. It is found that rule-based expression underestimate dynamic magnification factor.

  16. Performance of Bridge Decks and Girders with Lightweight Aggregate Concrete

    OpenAIRE

    Ramirez, J.A.; Olek, J.; Rolle, Eric Joseph; Manlone, Brian J.

    2000-01-01

    Structural lightweight concrete is a very versatile material and Haydite and Minergy lightweight aggregates can be utilized in the mixture development of concrete for use in girders and decks in bridges. More widespread use of lightweight aggregates (LWA) would result in savings in construction cost due to considerable dead load reduction. The materials phase of this research study evaluated the fresh concrete properties (slump, unit weight, and air content), the mechanical properties of ha...

  17. Analysis for Stress of No.0 Block Space of Variable Cross-section Prestressed Concrete Continuous Box-girder Bridges%变截面预应力混凝土连续箱梁桥0#块空间应力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁舟; 李传习; 欧见仁

    2013-01-01

    Aiming at the status of insufficient research on influences of stress on shear lag effect of No. 0 blocks of thin-wall box-girder structures, this paper establishes integral modle of the whole bridge based on Midas Civil with some variable cross-section prestressed concrete continuous box-girder bridge as a background project and establishes physical model of No. 0 blocks via ANSYS. The paper analyzes space stress conditions of No. 0 blocks under different working conditions and discloses loaded characteristics and distribution law of stress of No. 0 blocks, and meantime analyzes influences of prestress on shear lag effect of No. 0 blocks of box girders in the state of the max. double cantilevers to obtain conclusions that prestress has inhibitory action for shear lag effect, etc.%针对预应力对薄壁箱梁结构0#块剪滞效应影响研究不足的现状,以某变截面预应力混凝土连续箱梁桥为背景工程,基于Midas Civil建立全桥整体模型,并用ANSYS建立该桥0#块实体模型.分析0#块在不同工况下的空间应力状况,揭示0#块的受力特性和应力分布规律,同时分析最大双悬臂状态下预应力对箱梁0#块剪力滞效应的影响,得出预应力对剪力滞效应有抑制作用等结论.

  18. Influence of Traveling Wave Effect Based on Coefficient Reduction on Continuous Curve Box-girder Bridge%基于系数折减的行波效应对连续曲线箱梁桥的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴多; 李青宁

    2014-01-01

    Traveling wave effect is a main influence factor for the multi-support excitation of large-span structures .It has been unable to meet the needs of engineering earthquake-resistance without considering the traveling wave effect of earth -quake ground-motion ,especially for the curve bridges by complex loading .Large mass model is currently used for the analysis of the traveling wave effect ,then the displacement differential method is used to calculate the relative displace-ment of the structure .However ,the displacement differential method often can lead to displacement “drift” and distortion for more support of large-span structures .Taking a five cross curve box girder bridge as an example ,a traveling wave processing method based on the basal coefficient reduction is proposed ,and the different apparent-wave velocity is used for seismic time-history response analysis .The results show that under the seismic action ,the traveling wave effect is fa-vorable for structural displacement ,and considering the traveling wave of reduction factor can better fix the actual dis -placement under the action of earthquake .Finally when considering the traveling wave effect ,the variable parameters such as the apparent-wave velocity and high pier have a greater influence on the seismic response of curve bridge .There-fore ,in the seismic analysis of curve bridge ,the specific requirements of engineering should be considered for contrast calculation so as to ensure the safety of the design .%行波效应是目前大跨结构中考虑多点激励的一种主要影响因素。特别是针对受力复杂的曲线桥,不考虑地震动的行波效应已经不能满足工程抗震的需求。目前常用大质量模型进行行波效应的分析,然后利用位移差动的方法求出结构的相对位移。对于多支撑的大跨结构来说位移差动的方法经常会导致位移的“漂移”和失真。以一座五跨曲线箱梁桥为例,提出了一种

  19. Study on Structural Forms of External Prestressing Anchorage for a Novel Continuous UHPC Box-girder Bridge%新型UHPC连续箱梁桥的体外预应力锚固构造形式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵旭东; 张良; 张松涛; 欧阳泽卉

    2016-01-01

    针对新型UHPC连续箱梁桥的结构特点及预应力体系布置,对其腹板处体外预应力下折索进行齿块锚固研究。对独立矩形齿块进行应力分析,揭示板厚对锚固区壁板外侧“局部弯曲效应”的影响。通过拓扑优化分析构建出一个揭示齿块锚固区传力机理的简化平面杆系模型,提出两种齿块锚固区局部加强的方法。在此基础上,对UHPC箱梁桥的腹板体外预应力锚固齿块进行构造设计,对比6种不同锚固方案,分析横隔板、预应力筋齿块内转向和锚固长度对锚固区受力的影响,最终得出较为合理的体外预应力齿块锚固构造形式。%According to the characteristics of a novel continuous UHPC box-girder bridge and the lay-out of its prestressing system,the anchor block for external tendons on the web was studied.Firstly,the effect of the plate thickness on the“local bending effect”in anchorage zone was evaluated through the anal-ysis of stress in the isolated rectangular anchor block.A simplified plane linkage model was proposed through the topology optimization in order to study the force transfer mechanism in anchorage zone.More-over,two kinds of methods were developed to strengthen the anchorage zone based on the simplified mod-el.On the basis of the above research procedure,six different anchoring schemes of the anchor block for the external tendons were designed.After analyzing and comparing the performance of the different ancho-ring schemes,the effects of diaphragms,steering of prestressing tendons,and anchoring length of the an-chor block on the mechanical behavior of the anchorage zone were evaluated.Finally,a type of reasonable anchor block of the external tendons was obtained.

  20. 铁路箱形混合梁斜拉桥钢-混结合段有限元分析%Finite Element Analysis of Steel and Concrete Joint Section of Railway Hybrid Box Girder Cable-Stayed Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚亚东; 杨永清; 刘振标; 蒲黔辉; 施洲

    2015-01-01

    To investigate the force characteristics and force transfer mechanism of the steel and concrete joint section of railway hybrid box girder cable‐stayed bridge ,the Yongjiang River Bridge on the North Ring Link of Ningbo Railway Terminal was taken as an example .The soft‐ware ANSYS was used to establish the three‐dimensional finite element model for the steel and concrete joint section of the bridge ,the force conditions and axial force distribution proportions of the steel shell and concrete in the joint section w ere analyzed .T he results of the analysis demon‐strate that under the action of the calculated load ,the structural longitudinal force‐bearing plates are all in the compression state and the structural stress levels are low .With the exception that the forces in the bearing plate change abruptly ,the changing of the forces in other parts is gentle . The stress levels of the different sections of the concrete are low and certain out‐of‐plane deforma‐tion of the sections occurs .The function of the bearing plate in the force transfer is significant . About 54% axial force of the joint section transfers via the bearing plate while the rest of the axi‐al force transfers via the PBL connectors and shear studs . The proportions of the axial force transfer of the connectors present the saddle‐shape distribution that is large at both ends and small in the middle .%为研究铁路钢箱混合梁斜拉桥钢-混结合段的受力特征及传力机理,以宁波铁路枢纽北环线甬江特大桥为背景,采用ANSYS有限元软件建立该桥钢-混结合段的三维有限元模型,分析钢-混结合段中钢壳体和混凝土的受力及轴力分配比例。结果表明:在计算荷载作用下,结构纵向受力板件均处于受压状态,应力水平较低;除承压板处发生突变外,其他部位变化平缓;混凝土各截面应力水平较低,截面发生一定的面外变形;承压板传

  1. Research on the stiffening girder erection sequence of three-tower suspension bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Runqing; Luo Xiheng

    2012-01-01

    Compared to the conventional two-tower suspension bridge, the three-tower suspension bridge has obviously different characteristics in structural performance because of the extra middle tower and main span. The construction sequence for the stiffening girder is significantly different between the three-tower suspension bridge and the two-tower suspension bridge. The tangential angle of the main cable is one of the controlling factors of the stiffening girder erection stage for a suspension bridge. According to 5 feasible cases for the stiffening girder erection scheme in Taizhou Bridge, the research about the tangential angle in each case mentioned above was made, and some factors that should be taken into account for the erection scheme of stiffening girder were pointed out.

  2. 波形钢腹板连续箱梁剪滞效应引起的附加轴力分析%Additional Axial Force Analysis Caused by Shear lag Effect of Cintinuous Box-girder Bridge with Corrugated Steel Webs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴焕庆; 张俊波; 刘世忠; 冀伟; 满自亭

    2013-01-01

    Under the condition of the plane section assumption and without considering the inertia moment of corrugated steel webs,this paper establishes the additional axial force formula for the two spans continuous box-girder bridge with corrugated steel webs based on a cubic parabola shear lag warping function.At the same time,it leads into the additional axial force stress ratio coefficient.Then it analyses the impact of additional axial stress to the influence degree of structural mechanical,which is based on the continuous box-girder bridge with corrugated steel webs under the full cross-uniformly distributed load and mid-span concentrated load.It shows that the value of additional axial stress can be ignored because the additional axial force stress ratio coefficient under the full cross-uniformly distributed load and the mid-span concentrated load is less than 1%.%基于平截面假定并不计波形钢腹板惯性矩,建立了波形钢腹板两跨连续箱梁在三次抛物线剪滞翘曲位移函数下的附加轴力计算式.引入附加轴向应力比系数,分析了波形钢腹板混凝土两跨连续梁在均布荷戢及跨中集中荷载作用下,附加轴向应力对结构受力性能的影响,分析表明:在两种荷栽工况下,附加轴向应力比系数均小于1%,可以忽略其效应.

  3. Study of Dynamic Performance Finite Element Modeling Methods for Box-Truss Composite Girder Railway Cable-Stayed Bridge%箱桁组合梁铁路斜拉桥动力特性有限元建模方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张无畏; 胡腾飞; 陈长胜; 荣浩

    2016-01-01

    study show that modal analysis re‐sults gained from the three model calculations are basically consistent , the frequency and main girder equivalent mass gained from the combined plate‐beam element model and spatial shell ele‐ment model are approximate ,nevertheless ,the spatial beam element model could not accurately calculate the main girder uniform equivalent mass of the high‐order lateral bending modes .As an exception ,the dynamic performance of the steel box girder cable‐stayed bridge without truss and with open cross section was analyzed independently .The results of the analysis show that the com‐bined plate‐beam element model and spatial shell element model are in good agreement ,but the in‐ertia moment of the main girder uniform equivalent mass under the first order torsional mode gained from the spatial beam element model reveal an error of 9% .T russ has slight influence on the lateral bending frequency of the main girder ,but can improve the vertical bending frequency and torsional frequency of the main girder ,w hich is favorable for the wind resistant performance of the bridge .

  4. EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF WALL GIRDERS IN DIFFERENT TYPES OF BRIDGE DECK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. L. Zakora

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The results of experimental studies of wall girders under live load are given in the paper. These studies were conducted in several stages with different types of the bridge floor.

  5. Design of bridge crane girder strain acquisition system based on virtual instrument

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenxue LIU

    Full Text Available Girder is an important part of the bridge crane, which is also the main force element. In order to prevent accidents, it is necessary to collect the bridge crane girder stress data to analyse the fatigue life. This paper constructs a bridge crane girder strain acquisition system. The hardware system consists of sensors, connectors, data acquisition cards, wireless data transmission groups, POE power and host computer. The software system consists of NI MAX to interface with the computer's NI hardware and software resources,and LabVIEW programming to display and storage the girder strain data. Through this system, positions and working days strain data acquisition for the 50/10 t bridge crane girder gets the key positions strain data. The results show that the girder strain data acquisition system runs stably, channel signals of acquisition task transmit accurately, and the terminal data stores competely, meeting the detection requirements, which provides an important data support for the subsequent fatigue analysis and accurate remaining service life prediction of the crane girder.

  6. Full Scale Test of a SSP 34m box girder 1. Data report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Find Mølholt; Branner, Kim; Nielsen, Per Hørlyk;

    This report presents the setup and result of a full-scale test of a reinforced glass fibre/epoxy box girder used in 34m wind turbine blade. The tests were performed at the Blaest test facility in August 2006. The test is an important part of a research project established in cooperation between R...

  7. Comparison of Stresses of Fatigue-sensitive Regions in Orthotropic Deck of Steel Box Girder for Highway and Railway Bridges%钢箱梁用于公、铁桥梁时正交异性板疲劳敏感部位应力比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高立强; 蒲黔辉; 施洲

    2011-01-01

    The scheme of steel box girder used in the design of Yongjiang Railway Cable-stayed Bridge of Ningbo city is the first case in railway bridges in China. For railway bridges, the transverse position of steel rails is stable, and bridge deck pavement is different from that of highway bridges. In order to study the difference of orthotropic deck used in railway bridge and highway bridge, railway bridge and highway bridge deck pavements were installed on the deck separately. With the finite element method, the transverse and longitudinal influence lines of the stresses in the fatigue-sensitive regions with different bridge deck pavements were calculated. The reason why the stress in each fatigue-sensitive region was studied, and the characteristics of steel box girder orthotropic deck for railway bridge and highway bridge were analyzed. With the representative railway and highway vehicles as the loads, the stresses of steel box girder orthotropic deck in some fatigue-sensitive regions were calculated. The results of analysis and calculation show that (1 ) The dispersion of asphalt concrete deck pavement for highway bridge is weak, while that of railway bridge deck pavement is strong. Compared with highway bridge, the values of influence lines of the stresses in the fatigue-sensitive regions are smaller, and the lengths of influence lines are longer for railway bridge. (2) Under theload of normal railway vehicle, the largest stresses of rib-to-diaphragm joint and edge of cutout in diaphragm are similar to that under the load of normal highway vehicle. (3) In comparison with railway bridge, fatigue cracks are likely to emerge at the rib-to-deck joint for highway bridge orthotropic deck.%宁波甬江铁路斜拉桥在设计中采用钢箱梁方案,在铁路桥中为国内首例.铁路桥梁钢轨横向位置固定,桥面铺装也与公路桥梁不同,为研究钢箱粱正交异性板用于铁路桥梁和公路桥梁的区别,在桥面板上分别设置铁路与公路铺

  8. 预应力混凝土连续箱梁有限元损伤分析%Finite element failure analysis of continuous prestressed concrete box girders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张峰; 李术才; 李树忱; 叶见曙; 雷笑

    2009-01-01

    In order to analyze the load carrying capacity of prestressed concrete box girders, failure behaviors of in-situ deteriorated continuous prestressed concrete box girders under loading are experimentally observed and a finite failure analysis method for predicting behaviors of box girders is developed. A degenerated solid shell element is used to simulate box girders and material nonlinearity is considered. Since pre-stressed concrete box girders usually have a large number of curve pre-stressed tendons, a type of combined element is presented to simulate the prestressed tendons of box girders, and then the number of elements can be significantly reduced. The analytical results are compared with full-scale failure test results. The comparison shows that the presented method can be effectively applied to the failure analysis of in-situ continuous prestressed concrete box girders, and it also shows that the studied old bridge still has enough load carrying capacity.%为了确定预应力混凝土箱粱的极限承载能力,进行了预应力混凝土连续箱梁的破坏性试验,提出一种有限元损伤分析方法模拟箱梁结构行为.基于实体退化壳单元对箱梁进行模拟,并考虑了结构材料的非线性效应.由于预应力混凝土箱梁中通常存在大量曲线预应力钢筋,提出一种组合单元,并用该单元模拟箱梁中的预应力钢筋,该方法可使结构分析时单元数量大大降低.试验结果和理论分析对比表明:提出的方法能够有效地用于预应力混凝土连续箱梁的破坏性试验计算分析中;研究的旧桥依然存在较大的极限承载能力.

  9. Performance evaluation of corrosion-affected reinforced concrete bridge girders using Markov chains with fuzzy states

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M B ANOOP; K BALAJI RAO

    2016-08-01

    A methodology for performance evaluation of reinforced concrete bridge girders in corrosive environments is proposed. The methodology uses the concept of performability and considers both serviceability- and ultimate-limit states. The serviceability limit states are defined based on the degree of cracking (characterized by crack width) in the girder due to chloride induced corrosion of reinforcement, and the ultimate limit states are defined based on the flexural load carrying capacity of the girder (characterized in terms of rating factor using the load and resistance factor rating method). The condition of the bridge girder is specified by the assignment of a condition state from a set of predefined condition states. Generally, the classification of condition states is linguistic, while the condition states are considered to be mutually exclusive and collectivelyexhaustive. In the present study, the condition states of the bridge girder are also represented by fuzzy sets to consider the ambiguities arising due to the linguistic classification of condition states. A non-homogeneous Markov chain (MC) model is used for modeling the condition state evolution of the bridge girder with time. The usefulness of the proposed methodology is demonstrated through a case study of a severely distressed beam of the Rocky Point Viaduct. The results obtained using the proposed approach are compared with those obtained using conventional MC model. It is noted that the use of MC with fuzzy states leads to conservative decision making for the problem considered in the case study.

  10. Numerical Analysis on Variation of Dynamic Response of Girder Bridges with Torsional Reinforcement Panels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kang Jae-Yoon

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The dynamic flexural behaviour of the railway bridge is influenced by its torsional behaviour. Especially, in the case of girder railway bridges, the dynamic response tends to amplify when the natural frequency in flexure (1st vibration mode is close to that in torsion (2nd vibration mode. In order to prevent such situation, it is necessary to adopt a flexural-to-torsional natural frequency ratio larger than 120%. This study proposes a solution shifting the natural frequency in torsion to high frequency range and restraining torsion by installing concrete panels on the bottom flange of the girder so as to prevent the superposition of the responses in the girder bridge. The applicability of this solution is examined by finite element analysis of the shift of the torsional natural frequency and change in the dynamic response according to the installation of the concrete panels. The analytical results for a 30 m-span girder railway bridge indicate that installing the concrete panels increases the natural frequency in torsion by restraining the torsional behaviour and reduces also the overall dynamic response. It is seen that the installation of 100 mm-thick concrete panels along a section of 4 m at both extremities of the girder can reduce the dynamic response by more than 30%.

  11. A EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVE PRESTRESS ON TIMBER CONCRETE COMPOSITE GIRDER BRIDGE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araki, Shogo

    In applying the glulam timber to the large-sized structures, the new types of connections have been developed. In presence, there are a few joint systems using steel plates and bolts. However, those systems are not always adequately satisfied with durability. Therefore, the new joint system by prestressing was developed. In Nagano prefecture, the timber-concrete composite bridge was provided as the standard design of timber bridges, and the joint system is by prestressing. In case of concrete girder, work of prestress decrease by elastic strain, creep, and etc. However, timber-concrete composite girder is not cleared numerically. In this study, we discussed the effective prestress on timber-concrete composite girder based on time-dependent of prestress checked in existing bridge, and we suggest the evaluation method of it.

  12. Approach for analyzing the ultimate strength of concrete filled steel tubular arch bridges with stiffening girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Zhi-cheng; XIE Xu; ZHANG He; CHEN Heng-zhi

    2007-01-01

    A convenient approach is proposed for analyzing the ultimate load carrying capacity of concrete filled steel tubular (CFST) arch bridge with stiffening girders. A fiber model beam element is specially used to simulate the stiffening girder and CFST arch rib. The geometric nonlinearity, material nonlinearity, influence of the construction process and the contribution of prestressing reinforcement are all taken into consideration. The accuracy of this method is validated by comparing its results with experimental results. Finally, the ultimate strength of an abnormal CFST arch bridge with stiffening girders isinvestigated and the effect of construction method is discussed. It is concluded that the construction process has little effect on the ultimate strength of the bridge.

  13. 港珠澳大桥浅水区非通航孔桥组合梁设计%Design of Composite Girders for Non-Navigable Span Bridge of Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge in Shallow Water Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗扣; 王东晖; 张强

    2013-01-01

    The main part of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is a part of the combined bridge and tunnel,of which the non-navigable span bridge in the shallow water area is the 85 m span continuous composite girder bridge that totally has 64 spans of the composite girders and is 5 440 m in length.The span arrangement of the bridge mainly includes two kinds of arrangement of 6)× 85 m and 5)× 85 m.The composite girders are the separated continuous single-cell singlebox girders with constant depth and specifically are composed of the open steel box girders and the concrete deck slabs that are connected each other via shear studs.A steel box girder is the inverted trapezoid structure,a concrete deck slab is the precast full slab in the transverse direction and the grooves are pre-reserved at the locations of the shear studs.To improve the transverse mechanical behavior of the deck slabs,the stringers are set in the sections of the composite girders and to keep the integrity of the slabs,the shear studs are arranged in a way of clustering.The composite girders are erected and installed in each full span by the large transportation and erection floating crane and the girders are closed span by span.%港珠澳大桥主体工程采用桥隧组合方案,其中浅水区非通航孔桥采用85 m连续组合梁桥形式,全长5 440m,共64孔,跨径布置主要采用6×85 m和5×85m2种形式.组合梁采用单箱单室分幅等高连续梁,由开口钢箱梁和混凝土桥面板通过剪力钉联结而成.钢箱梁为倒梯形结构;混凝土桥面板为横向整块预制,在剪力钉处设置预留槽.为改善混凝土桥面板的横向受力性能,该桥组合梁截面设置小纵梁;为保持桥面板的整体性,剪力钉采用集束式布置方式.组合梁采用大型运架一体浮吊整孔安装架设,逐孔合龙.

  14. Numerical Simulation for Progressive Collapse of Continuous Girder Bridge Subjected to Ship Impact

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田力; 黄飞

    2014-01-01

    The three-stage simulation method based on LS-DYNA was introduced in this study to simulate the pro-gressive collapse of a continuous girder bridge after a ship-bridge collision. The pile-soil dynamic interaction and the initial stress and deformation of the whole bridge before the collision were considered. By analyzing the damage, de-formation, stress distribution and collapse process of the whole bridge, the results show that the displacement response of the cap beam lags behind the pile cap. The response order of the whole bridge’s components depends on their dis-tances from the collision region. The plastic deformation of soil around piles has a positive effect on delaying the fur-ther increase in the displacement of piles. The impacted pier’s losing stability and its superstructure’s excessive defor-mation are the main reasons leading to the progressive collapse of the continuous girder bridge.

  15. 铁路混合梁钢混结合段钢箱梁关键施工技术%Key Construction Technology for Steel-box Girder of Steel-Concrete Joint Section of Railway Hybrid Girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任世朋; 朱元元; 闫明赛; 孙小猛; 徐登云

    2015-01-01

    The main bridge of Yongjiang river is the first railway hybrid girder cable-stayed bridge in China. Taking account of construction, geology and environment, the paper analyzes the inapplicability of traditional construction methods and proposes the method of matching and slipping the modules of steel-box girder of the steel-concrete section, addresses the principle of slicing the steel-concrete joint section, the design of pile-pillar-girder support, the structure of self-balanced girder moving slide, the integrated formwork for sliding and concreting and the technology of matching and slipping the module of the steel-concrete section. The paper also summarizes the key points of construction control during matching and sliding processes.%甬江主桥为国内第一座铁路混合梁斜拉桥,在钢混结合段钢箱梁施工中,综合分析构造、地质、环境等因素,阐述传统施工方法的不适应性,提出钢混结合段钢箱梁模块组拼滑移方法。详细介绍结合段钢箱梁模块划分原则、桩柱梁式支架设计、自平衡移梁滑道构造、滑移浇筑一体式胎架及模块匹配滑移技术,总结钢混结合段钢箱梁模块组拼滑移施工控制要点。

  16. 钢箱梁典型病害分析及其检测与维护技术研究%Research on Typical Defects Analysis of Steel Box Girder and Its Testing and Maintenance Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜竹生; 瞿涛; 吕磊; 吉伯海

    2011-01-01

    基于对我国钢箱梁桥的钢箱梁病害调查,总结出我国钢箱粱典型病害的类型,分析各种钢箱梁典型病害产生的机理及导致其破坏的原因,提出了钢箱梁病害的日常检测与维护技术.针对钢箱梁的涂装劣化、钢材腐蚀、结构性损伤等病害,给出了日常检测与维护的主要项目,介绍了人工目视检测、超声波检测、磁粉检测及涡流检测等主要的检测方法的工作原理、优缺点和适用范围.%Based on the survey of China steel box girder bridges' steel box girder defects, summing up the typical defects of China steel box girder, we analyse every typical defect production mechanism and the reasons of leading to destruction of steel box girder, and propose steel box girder defects' daily testing and maintenance technology. According to coating for the deterioration, steel corrosion, structural damage and other defects of steel box girder, we give the main items of the daily testing and maintenance technology and the main detection methods including manual visual inspection, ultrasonic testing, magnetic particle testing and eddy current testing. Studying the working principle of above testing methods, advantages and disadvantages, and scope of application, should be selected based on the actual requirements in the project.

  17. Damage investigation of girder bridges under the Wenchuan earthquake and corresponding seismic design recommendations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Jianzhong; Peng Tianbo; Xu yan

    2008-01-01

    An investigation of girder bridges on National Highway 213 and the Doujiangyan-Wenchuan expressway after the Wenchuan earthquake showed that typical types of damage included:span collapses due to unseating at expansion joints;shear key failure;and damage of the expansion joint due to the slide-induced large relative displacement between the bottom of the girder and the top of the laminated-rubber bearing.This slide,however,can actually act as a form of isolation for the substructure,and as a result,the piers and foundation of most of the bridges on state route 213 suffered minor damage.The exception was the Baihua Bridge,which suffered severe damage.Corresponding seismic design recommendations are presented based on this investigation.

  18. Prediction of Fatigue Life of a Continuous Bridge Girder Based on Vehicle Induced Stress History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.G. Rao

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The fatigue damage assessment of bridge components by conducting a full scale fatigue testing is often prohibitive. A need, therefore, exists to estimate the fatigue damage in bridge components by a simulation of bridge-vehicle interaction dynamics due to the action of the actual traffic. In the present paper, a systematic method has been outlined to find the fatigue damage in the continuous bridge girder based on stress range frequency histogram and fatigue strength parameters of the bridge materials. Vehicle induced time history of maximum flexural stresses has been obtained by Monte Carlo simulation process and utilized to develop the stress range frequency histogram taking into consideration of the annual traffic volume. The linear damage accumulation theory is then applied to calculate cumulative damage index and fatigue life of the bridge. Effect of the bridge span, pavement condition, increase of vehicle operating speed, weight and suspension characteristics on fatigue life of the bridge have been examined.

  19. Performance of Bridge Decks and Girders with Lightweight Aggregate Concrete, v. 2 of 2

    OpenAIRE

    Ramirez, J.A.; Olek, J.; Rolle, Eric Joseph; Malone, Brian Joseph

    2000-01-01

    Structural lightweight concrete is a very versatile material and Haydite and Minergy lightweight aggregates can be utilized in the mixture development of concrete for use in girders and decks in bridges. More widespread use of lightweight aggregates (LWA) would result in savings in construction cost due to considerable dead load reduction. The materials phase of this research study evaluated the fresh concrete properties (slump, unit weight, and air content), the mechanical properties of ...

  20. Nonlinear Stability Analysis of a Composite Girder Cable-Stayed Bridge with Three Pylons during Construction

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaoguang Deng; Muyu Liu

    2015-01-01

    Based on the nonlinear stability analysis method, the 3D nonlinear finite element model of a composite girder cable-stayed bridge with three pylons is established to research the effect of factors including geometric nonlinearity, material nonlinearity, static wind load, and unbalanced construction load on the structural stability during construction. Besides, the structural nonlinear stability in different construction schemes and the determination of temporary pier position are also studied...

  1. Numerical analysis of dynamic response of vehicle–bridge coupled system on long-span continuous girder bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lipeng An

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available To systematically study the vehicle–bridge coupled dynamic response and its change rule with different parameters, a vehicle model with seven degrees of freedom was built and the total potential energy of vehicle space vibration system was deduced. Considering the stimulation of road roughness, the dynamic response equation of vehicle–bridge coupled system was established in accordance with the elastic system principle of total potential energy with stationary value and the “set-in-right-position” rule. On the basis of the self-compiled Fortran program and bridge engineering, the dynamic response of long-span continuous girder bridge under vehicle load was studied. This study also included the calculation of vehicle impact coefficient, evaluation of vibration comfort, and analysis of dynamic response parameters. Results show the impact coefficient changes with lane number and is larger than the value calculated by the “general code for design of highway bridges and culverts (China”. The Dieckmann index of bridge vibration is also related to lane number, and the vibration comfort evaluation is good in normal conditions. The relevant conclusions from parametric analyses have practical significance to dynamic design and daily operation of long-span continuous girder bridges in expressways. Safety and comfort are expected to improve significantly with further control of the vibration of vehicle–bridge system.

  2. Construction engineering of steel tub-girder bridge systems for skew effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jimenez Chong, Juan Manuel

    Closed structural sections, such as those having circular, rectangular or trapezoidal shape, possess high rotational rigidity when compared to open sections such as I-girders. The high torsional rigidity of closed sections makes them ideal for use in highly curved bridges. In this case, the geometry of the bridge results in large torsional forces. Because of structural efficiency and economy reasons, most of these closed-section bridges consist of a trapezoidal cross-section, with a top concrete slab and bottom and side steel plates. The slab is cast after the steel is erected and thus a system of internal diaphragms and braces is necessary to stabilize the system during erection. During the steel erection and the early stages of the concrete deck placement, the section can be considered as quasi-closed as the top concrete flange has not been cast or is not yet effective. During steel erection, undetermined and/or large torsional forces and/or displacements may result in fit-up problems requiring large stresses to overcome. During concrete deck placement, the undetermined displacements can affect the control of the deck thickness and the final deck geometry, such as the alignment of deck joints and the matching of stages in phased constructions projects. Due to the interactions between their various components, the behavior of curved and skewed tub-girder bridges is significantly more complex than that of straight bridges. When skewed supports are used in tub-girders, the interaction of the girder bending rotations and the displacement constraints induced by the skewed support diaphragms causes twisting of the girders at the supports. These twist rotations introduce additional torques into the system. Both curvature and skew can cause design and construction difficulties, especially at the supports, where the corresponding steel dead load deflections and the large torsional stiffness of the girders may lead to large fit-up forces. Currently, the general

  3. Coupled Vibration of Long-Span Railway Curved Girder Bridges and Vehicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shan Deshan; Li Qiao

    2005-01-01

    The structure of a long curved girder bridge is represented with a three-dimensional curved finite element model. Each 4-axle vehicle is modeled by a dynamic system of 35 degrees of freedom. The random irregularities of the track are generated from a power spectral density function under the given track condition. The dynamic interaction between the bridge and train is realized through the contact forces between the wheels and track. Then based on these models, the coupled equations of motion are solved by applying the time-integration and iteration techniques to the coupled system. The proposed formulation and the associated computer program are then applied to a real curved girder bridge. The dynamic responses of the bridge-vehicle system and the derailments and offload factors related to the riding and running safeties of vehicles are computed. The results show that the formulation presented in this paper can well predict dynamic behaviors of both bridge and train with reasonable computation efforts.

  4. Effect of nonlinearity of restrainer and supports on the elasto-plastic seismic response of continuous girder bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Changfeng

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available During an earthquake, the nonlinearity of the bridge structure mainly occurs at the supports, bridge piers and restrainers. When entering nonlinear stage, members of the bridge structure affect the elasto-plastic seismic response of the whole structure to a certain extent; for multi-span continuous bridges, longitudinal restrainers can be installed on the movable piers to optimise the distribution of seismic force and enable the movable piers to bear a certain amount of seismic effect. In order to evaluate the effect of nonlinearity of restrainer and supports on the elasto-plastic seismic response of continuous girder bridge, analytical models of continuous girder bridge structure considering the nonlinearity of movable supports, restrainers and bridge piers were built and the nonlinear time history analysis was conducted to evaluate the effect of nonlinearity of restraining devices and supports on the elasto-plastic seismic response of continuous girder bridge. Relevant structural measures and recommendation were made to reduce the seismic response of the fixed piers of the continuous girder bridge.

  5. Research on temperature effect on reinforced box girder in cold region%寒冷地区混凝土箱梁温度作用影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李长凤; 王岚; 赵延林; 杜秋楠

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a response to the effect of low temperature environment on the performance of reinforced concrete box-girder in the north cold area of China, as happens in the box-girder of Harbin Songpu north approach bridge. The response consisting of allowing for the cold current effect, daily temperature changes, and deck pavement, simplifying scaled finite element, combined with temperature field, and performing a comparative analysis of three sections, such as finite element calculation of the influence of temperature effects on box beam, the experimental values, and the solution due to the elementary theory. The results show that the geographical position and environment temperature have a significant effect on the mechanical properties of reinforced box girder in cold region. Finite element analysis allowing for temperature influence produces a smaller engineering error than elementary theory analysis, which implies a necessary analysis of temperature effect in the case of the mechanical analysis of bridges.%针对北方寒冷地区的外界低温环境条件对混凝土箱梁受力性能的影响,以哈尔滨松浦大桥北引桥箱梁为背景,考虑寒流作用、日气温变化及桥面铺装,将其与有限元分析的温度场相结合,简化缩尺模型,将温度效应影响箱梁的有限元计算、实验值及初等理论求解的结果进行对比分析.结果表明:地理位置、环境温度对箱梁受力性能影响较明显,考虑温度影响的有限元分析工程误差在允许范围内,初等理论分析结果误差较大,因此,对桥梁进行力学分析时,温度效应不可忽视.

  6. The Compare Between Steel Box Girder And Steel Truss In City Overpass%钢箱梁及钢桁架城市人行天桥对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范旭辉

    2012-01-01

    Steel box girder bridges are widely used in our city pedestrian bridge and it has the characteristic such as linear appearance and easy factory prefabricated construction. However, due to the need to control the vertical nat- ural vibration frequency, the box girder general beam steel is too high. As a result the steel truss bridge in the city pedestrian bridge is also a widely the popularity of the bridge type. The particle compares among the same span of two bridge type comprehensive comparison of the amount of structural steel, vertical natural frequency, constructa- bility, stairways climbed higher.%钢箱梁桥在我国城市人行天桥中应用广泛,其优点是线型美观,工厂预制装配式施工方便等。然而由于需要控制竖向自振频率,钢箱梁一般梁高过高,造成压抑感强,两侧梯道过长等缺点也不容忽视,因此钢桁架桥在城市人行桥中也是一种可以广泛普及的桥型,本文对相同跨径的两种桥型就结构用钢量、竖向自振频率、施工性、梯道爬高等方面进行了综合对比。

  7. 预应力混凝土悬浇箱梁裂缝问题的探讨%Discussion on Prestressed Suspension Casting Box Girder Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁岩

    2014-01-01

    With the widely use of prestressed box girder bridge structure with suspension casting popularization in the transportation construction, some structure due to the occurrence of cracks, affect the use of bridge in further. This article takes two typical bridges for practical cases which are Shenzhang highway bridge, between Baidun harbour bridge and Xiangshan harbour bridge connecting. Through theory and calculation analysis of root cause of structure bridge seam, it infers the cause of cracks which leads to the formation of prestressed suspension casting box girder structure. By optimizing the structure of prestressed tendon, reinforcing transverse rebar , increasing shear effect and other measures, it reduce the bad influence of external factors on the structure during the period of construction and operation stages, and prevent the happening of the similar structure disease.%随着悬浇预应力箱梁结构桥梁在交通建设项目中的普及,一些结构由于裂缝的出现,影响到桥梁的进一步应用。本文以沈彰高速公路大转弯桥、宁波市象山港大桥接线工程白墩港大桥两座典型桥梁为实际案例,通过对发生病害结构桥梁裂缝成因的理论及计算分析,推测出导致悬浇预应力箱梁结构形成裂缝的成因,提出设计过程中,通过优化预应力结构配束,增加横向钢筋加大抗剪作用等措施,减少施工期间及运营阶段外部因素对结构的不良影响,防止类似结构病害的发生。

  8. Discuss the Full Framing Construction of Cast-in-place Box Girder%浅谈现浇箱粱满堂支架搭设施工

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄亮

    2013-01-01

    在进行桥梁上部结构的箱梁现浇施工时,满堂支架法的应用已经非常普遍。但是在进行满堂支架法施工时,其施工事故发生的频率也比较高。如何有效提高满堂支架法的施工安全,是值得去深入探究的问题。%During conduct the box girder cast-in-place const-ruction of upper structure in bridge, the application of ful fra-ming method has become so common. But when making ful framing construction method, its construction has a high acide-nt frequency. It is worth to delve into the problem of how to i-mprove the method of ful framing construction safety.

  9. Nonlinear Stability Analysis of a Composite Girder Cable-Stayed Bridge with Three Pylons during Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoguang Deng

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the nonlinear stability analysis method, the 3D nonlinear finite element model of a composite girder cable-stayed bridge with three pylons is established to research the effect of factors including geometric nonlinearity, material nonlinearity, static wind load, and unbalanced construction load on the structural stability during construction. Besides, the structural nonlinear stability in different construction schemes and the determination of temporary pier position are also studied. The nonlinear stability safety factors are calculated to demonstrate the rationality and safety of construction schemes. The results show that the nonlinear stability safety factors of this bridge during construction meet the design requirement and the minimum value occurs in the maximum double cantilever stage. Besides, the nonlinear stability of the structure in the side of edge-pylon meets the design requirement in the two construction schemes. Furthermore, the temporary pier can improve the structure stability, effectively, and the actual position is reasonable. In addition, the local buckling of steel girder occurs earlier than overall instability under load in some cable tension stages. Finally, static wind load and the unbalanced construction load should be considered in the stability analysis for the adverse impact.

  10. Full scale test of a SSP 34m box girder 1. Data report; Reinforced glass fiber/expoxy used in wind turbine blades

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, Find M.; Branner, K.; Nielsen, Per H. (and others)

    2008-03-15

    This report presents the setup and result of a full-scale test of a reinforced glass fibre/epoxy box girder used in 34m wind turbine blade. The tests were performed at the Blaest test facility in August 2006. The test is an important part of a research project established in cooperation between Risoe DTU, the National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy at the Technical University of Denmark -, SSP-Technology A/S and Blaest (Blade test centre A/S) and it has been performed as a part of Find Moelholt Jensen's PhD study. This report contains the complete test data for the final test, in which the box girder was loaded until failure. A comprehensive description of the test setup is given. This report deals only with tests and results. There are no conclusions on the data in this report, but references are given to publications, where the data are used and compared with FEM etc. Various kinds of measuring equipment have been used during these tests: acoustic emission, 330 strain gauges, 24 mechanical displacement devices and two optical deformation measuring systems. The mechanical displacement devices measured both global (absolute) and local (relative) deflection and the optical systems measured surface deformation. A prediction was made on the location of the failure of the girder. At this location the majority of the measuring equipment was concentrated. The prediction was proved to be correct and valuable information of the behaviour of the box girder prior to failure was obtained. The experimental investigation consisted of the following load configurations: -Flapwise bending -Torsion Ultrasonic scanning of the box girder was performed before, during and after the test the box girder. This was done to investigate whether the girder was damaged by the load or imperfection (productions defects) growth. (au)

  11. Performances of super-long span prestressed cable-stayed bridge with CFRP cables and RPC girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang Zhi; Fan Fenghong; Ren Liang

    2013-01-01

    To discuss the applicability of advanced composite carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) and ultra-high performance concrete reactive powder concrete (RPC) in super-long span cable-stayed bridges , taking a 1 008 m cable-stayed bridge with steel girders and steel cables as an example,a new cable-stayed bridge in the same span with RPC girders and CFRP cables was designed,in which the cable’s cross section was determined by the principle of equivalent cable capacity and the girder’s cross section was determined in virtual of its stiffness, shear capacity and local stability. Based on the methods of finite element analysis,the comparative analysis of these two cable-stayed bridge schemes about static performances,dynamic performances,stability and wind resis-tance behavior were carried out. The results showed that it was feasible to form a highly efficient,durable concrete cable-stayed bridge with RPC girders and CFRP cables and made its applicable span range expand to 1 000 m long around.

  12. Research on temperature field and temperature stress of prestressed concrete girders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Cheng

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces the establishment and simplification of the temperature field and the general calculation method of temperature stress of the prestressed concrete box girders. Three kinds of sunshine temperature gradient models were loaded to a real bridge respectively, and got stress and displacement curves. Research data of several prestressed concrete box girders were selected from different regions of China to compare the relative error of the calculated and measured value. We indicate that the study of temperature field and thermal stress of prestressed concrete box girders is necessary, and will help engineers to solve the problem in structure design.

  13. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MODELS OF RAILWAY LOADS C14 AND LM71 FOR GIRDER BRIDGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Artomov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The article analyzes the railway load LM71 for the purpose of its application in national design projects of the railway girder bridges. Purpose of the article is harmonization of national design codes of enginnering structures with the European standards (Eurocodes. Methodology. Analytical calculation methods (influence lines, the matrix analysis and computer programming are used in the article. Findings. Deflected mode parameters of the railway bridges under the influence of loads C14 and LM71 have certain differences. The extent of these differences depends on length, material of drift structures and also on dynamic coefficients. These dependences should be considered in national design codes and in harmonized with Eurocodes standards. In the further researches relationships between load C14 and models SW, HSLM taking into account various dynamic effects and trains speedis planned to determine. Originality. The presented results, in particular deflected mode parameters (including loads with dynamic coefficients, obtained for the first time. Practical value. Results of research are used in National Annex to the National Standard of Ukraine NSTU-N B EN 1991-2:2010. Eurocode 1. Actions on structures. Part 2. Traffic loads on bridges (EN 1991-2:2003.

  14. Design of stiffening girder for Taizhou Bridge%泰州大桥加劲梁设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单宏伟; 丁磊; 周青

    2012-01-01

    泰州大桥是世界上首座超千米的三塔两跨悬索桥,加劲梁结构体系复杂并有其独特之处.在设计过程中根据三塔悬索桥的结构特点,加劲梁构造细节设计在润扬大桥的基础上做了较大改进和创新,介绍了加劲梁的结构体系、构造设计、结构计算以及梁段的加工制造和架设情况.%Taizhou Bridge is the first three-tower two-span suspension bridge with the main span over 1 000 m in the world. The structural system of the stiffening girder is complicated and unique. Improvement and innovation have been made in detailed structure design of the stiffening girder based on Runyang Bridge according to the structural character of three-pylon two-span suspension bridge. In this paper, the structural system, structure design, structure calculation, manufacturing and erection of the stiffening girder are introduced.

  15. Research on temperature field and temperature stress of prestressed concrete girders

    OpenAIRE

    Chen Cheng; Kaiyin Zhang

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the establishment and simplification of the temperature field and the general calculation method of temperature stress of the prestressed concrete box girders. Three kinds of sunshine temperature gradient models were loaded to a real bridge respectively, and got stress and displacement curves. Research data of several prestressed concrete box girders were selected from different regions of China to compare the relative error of the calculated and measured value. We indic...

  16. Time-domain analysis of wind-induced buffet and wind-resistant measures for cable-stayed bridge with steel box girder at construction stage%大跨度钢箱梁斜拉桥施工过程风致抖振时域分析及抗风措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张茜; 周绪红; 狄谨; 王继承

    2013-01-01

    以杭州湾跨海大桥北通航孔斜拉桥为背景,采用ANSYS有限元分析软件对其施工中最大双悬臂及最大单悬臂状态进行了风致抖振响应时域分析.采用谐波合成法进行了随机风场模拟,对塔、梁和索承受的风荷载分别进行了简化,并给出了静风力、抖振力和自激力的时域表达式及自激力在ANSYS中的实现方法;采用“鱼骨式”模型作为斜拉桥主梁的计算模型,分析考虑了结构的几何、气动非线性.分析结果表明:在施工阶段设计风荷载下,主梁悬臂端及塔顶处位移响应较小,风荷载效应与恒载效应组合后,塔根部截面最大拉应力为0.707 MPa;根据抖振响应分析结果和其他因素综合考虑,对杭州湾跨海大桥北通航孔斜拉桥提出了施工过程中有效可行的抗风措施.%Based on the project of north channel cable-stayed bridge of Hangzhou Bay Sea-crossing Bridge, the time-domain analysis of wind-induced buffet was carried out under the double and single jib condition by ANSYS. The random wind field was simulated by WAWS. Buffeting wind loads, which were exerted on tower, girder and cables, were simplified separately. The time-domain expressions of static wind force, buffeting force and full coupled auto-excited force, and how to exert the full coupled auto-excited force in ANSYS were proposed in this paper. Single beam elements were adopted to proceed the time-domain analysis, and the geometric and aerodynamic nonlinear of the structure was considered. Time-domain analysis results show that under the design wind loads at construction stage, the displacement response is smaller at the cantilever end of main girder and the top of pylon. The maximum tensile stress of the section at the root of pylon is 0. 707 MPa after combination of wind loads and dead loads. The wind resistance measures are suggested based on the results of the time-domain analysis and the influence of other factors. 3 tabs, 7 figs, 10

  17. Design of Prestressed Concrete Box Girder Based on Life Cycle%基于全寿命周期的预应力砼小箱梁设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余少华

    2013-01-01

    With the increasing age of bridge girders,performance degradation is an unavoidable phenomenon. In addition to the natural aging,the bridge performance degradation can be attributed to many factors,such as the bridge construction speed,short design cycle,the outdated design concepts,serious overload,lack of mainte-nance and so on. Therefore,it is significant to take into consideration the whole bridge life cycle in the scientific design of bridges. This study first collected the road area data of a newly built bridge,including environmental data,traffic data and other basic structure data,then divided the life cycle with reference to the bridge mainte-nance specification provisions of the management and maintenance unit,and finally analyzed the cycle cost. This preliminary study on the cycle life of commonly-used prestressed concrete box beam tries to provide some reference for the bridge design.%随着桥龄的增加,主梁性能老化是无法避免的现象。然而桥梁性能退化除了自然老化外,还与桥梁建设速度过快、设计周期短、理念陈旧、超载超限严重、疏于管养等因素有关。因此,科学的设计应把桥梁纳入全寿命周期考虑,本研究先搜集了新建桥梁公路干线所在地区的相关数据,如环境数据、交通量、基本及已建桥梁的结构数据,再结合管养单位执行的桥梁养护规范规定划分生命周期,进行周期成本分析,对常用的预应力砼小箱梁进行了全寿命周期设计的初步研究,以供同道参考。

  18. Full scale model test of segmental precast concrete box girder with external and internal tendons%体内-体外混合配束节段预制拼装箱梁足尺模型试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑开启; 卜红旗; 刘钊; 惠卓; 吕志涛

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the structural behavior of segmental precast prestressed concrete box girder un-der the regular service stage and the construction state,a span of 48 m full scale box girder model of this type was tested for the Fourth Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge approach. The assembling and loading plans were de-termined according to the geometric parameters as well as the actual constraints of the girder. This paper focuses on the static performance,such as stress and displacement changes of the girder during segment loading and transporting. Comparative finite element method analysis was also performed for checking. The model test results show that at the regular service stage,the residual deformation of the girder after unloading is small,which demonstrates that the girder keeps in elastic during loading. The tooth joints of segments work well with each other and have no relative slip;the global performance of the girder is good as monotonous. The vertical distribution of longitudinal strain at joint and between joints basically accords with hypothesis of plane section. Also,the stress increment of prestress tendons is linear to the mid-span moment change. Finally,during the segment trans-port stage,it shows that there is sufficient compressive stress of the lower flange of the girder to meet the security requirements of transporting girder.%  以南京长江第四大桥引桥为背景,开展了一孔48 m跨径体内-体外混合配束节段预制拼装箱梁的足尺模型试验,以研究该类箱梁在正常使用阶段和施工状态下的结构行为。根据试验箱梁的尺寸参数以及实际约束条件确定了拼装与加载方案。本文重点研究正常使用荷载和梁上运梁两种工况下梁体应力状况与位移变化等结构静力性能,并与试验梁实体有限元模型进行对比分析。研究结果表明:在正常使用阶段,加、卸载后拼装梁体残余变形较小,基本处于弹性工作状态,整体

  19. 体内-体外混合配束节段预制拼装箱梁足尺模型试验研究%Full scale model test of segmental precast concrete box girder with external and internal tendons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑开启; 卜红旗; 刘钊; 惠卓; 吕志涛

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the structural behavior of segmental precast prestressed concrete box girder un-der the regular service stage and the construction state,a span of 48 m full scale box girder model of this type was tested for the Fourth Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge approach. The assembling and loading plans were de-termined according to the geometric parameters as well as the actual constraints of the girder. This paper focuses on the static performance,such as stress and displacement changes of the girder during segment loading and transporting. Comparative finite element method analysis was also performed for checking. The model test results show that at the regular service stage,the residual deformation of the girder after unloading is small,which demonstrates that the girder keeps in elastic during loading. The tooth joints of segments work well with each other and have no relative slip;the global performance of the girder is good as monotonous. The vertical distribution of longitudinal strain at joint and between joints basically accords with hypothesis of plane section. Also,the stress increment of prestress tendons is linear to the mid-span moment change. Finally,during the segment trans-port stage,it shows that there is sufficient compressive stress of the lower flange of the girder to meet the security requirements of transporting girder.%  以南京长江第四大桥引桥为背景,开展了一孔48 m跨径体内-体外混合配束节段预制拼装箱梁的足尺模型试验,以研究该类箱梁在正常使用阶段和施工状态下的结构行为。根据试验箱梁的尺寸参数以及实际约束条件确定了拼装与加载方案。本文重点研究正常使用荷载和梁上运梁两种工况下梁体应力状况与位移变化等结构静力性能,并与试验梁实体有限元模型进行对比分析。研究结果表明:在正常使用阶段,加、卸载后拼装梁体残余变形较小,基本处于弹性工作状态,整体

  20. 高铁槽形梁斜拉桥塔梁固接结构试验研究及数值分析%Experimental Study and Numerical Analysis on Pylon-Girder Rigid Fixity Structure of a Trough Girder Cable-stayed Bridge in High-speed Railway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴公连; 粟淼

    2015-01-01

    Based on a single-tower cable-stayed bridge with trough girder in Shanghai-Kunming high speed rail-way,the design method of test model,stress state,ultimate bend-carrying capacity and load transfer path of the pylon-girder rigid fixity structure is investigated through model test and numerical simulation.The results indicate that the stress level of pylon-girder rigid fixity zone is low under the dead and live load in operational stage,where the longitudinal and vertical normal stress is within 6 .5 MPa,providing sufficient safety capacity in the rigid fixity zone.Under the ultimate bending load,the section of the main span girder close to the rigid fixity zone failed first,indicating stronger bending strength of the pylon-girder rigid fixity zone than the girder section.The force transmission features in the side box girder and the deck slab are similar with the main gird-er and pylon-girder rigid fixity zone,which indicates that the side box is the main force bearing component. Compared with the rigid fixity zone,the deck slab of the girder demonstrates a more evident shear lag effect.%以沪昆高铁某独塔斜拉桥为研究对象,模型试验与数值模拟相结合,研究槽形截面斜拉桥的塔梁固接结构模型的试验方法、受力状态、极限承载能力以及传力机理等。研究表明:运营阶段荷载作用下,斜拉桥塔梁固接区的应力水平较低,纵向和竖向正应力在6.5 MP a以内,塔梁结合部具有较强的安全储备;在梁体抗弯强度极限荷载下,靠近固接区主跨侧槽形梁断面最先破坏,固接区截面抗弯强度大于主梁断面;槽形截面边箱梁和桥面板传力特征在主梁和塔梁固接区基本一致,边箱梁为主要受力构件;较之于塔梁固接区,主梁内的桥面板剪力滞效应更为明显。

  1. Design of the Main Bridge Steel Truss Girder of Xinglong Bridge%兴隆大桥主桥钢桁梁设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文; 何耀炜

    2016-01-01

    下承式钢桁梁桥因其具有建筑高度低、施工速度快和结构轻巧简洁等优点,成为中等跨度公路桥梁中有竞争力的桥型。文中以兴隆大桥为依托,建立数学分析模型,对下承式钢桁梁桥结构的受力特性进行分析,并指出该类型桥梁施工的方法和技术要点。%The through steel truss girder bridge becomes a bridge type for medium span highway bridg-es with low building height,fast construction speed and the advantages of compact and simple struc-ture.Based on the Xinglong Bridge,a mathematical analysis model is established in this paper to ana-lyze the mechanical characteristics of the steel truss girder bridge,and the method and technical points of the bridge construction are pointed out.

  2. Application of TMD in Large Span Steel Box Girder Footbridge%TMD在大跨径钢箱梁人行桥上的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苑翔

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the Tuned Mass Damper (TMD) composition and operation principle of the structure, comparison of advantages and disadvantages of TMD and other control of steel box girder footbridge vibration methods, and combined with the Mianyang No.1 bridge footbridge of Sichuan Province as an example, through the use of text and graph-table combination method, describes vividly the practical application of TMD in large span footbridge.%  介绍了质量调谐阻尼器(TMD)的结构组成以及工作原理,比较了TMD与其它控制钢箱梁人行桥振动方法的优缺点,并结合四川省绵阳市一号桥人行桥为工程实例,通过采用文字与图、表相结合的方式,形象地阐述了TMD在大跨径人行桥中的实际应用。

  3. 混凝土薄壁箱梁剪力滞效应的空间分析%Spatial Analysis on Shear Lag Effect of Concrete Thin-Walled Box Girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林志春; 魏保立; 邓苗毅

    2011-01-01

    通过对预应力混凝土薄壁箱梁剪力滞效应的理论分析,重点阐述了有限元法理论在剪力滞分析中应用,介绍了规范考虑剪力滞效应的有效分布宽度方法.利用一实际混凝土箱梁桥进行有限元建模计算,对于箱梁在受到不同荷载作用时表现的剪力滞效应进行了分析,指出箱梁在对称荷载作用情况下仍然表现出剪力滞效应.通过箱梁有限元模型计算指出了初等梁理论的适用范围,可为箱型截面桥梁设计提供借鉴意义.%In this article, through analyzing thin-walled box girder of prestressed concrete shear lag effect in theory,it was focused on the theory of finite element analysis of shear lag in the application. And briefly describes the specifications for effective width considering of shear lag effect. By analyzing the actual concrete box girder bridge with FEM, the stress and deflection of box under different load conditions were calculated. Analyzing shear lag effect of the box in different loads conditions, it was pointed that box still showed shear lag effect in the case of symmetrical load condition. For the effective distribution width about the top and bottom plate of the box has been studied, it was indicated that shear lag effect can be considered with the effective distribution width. By calculating stress and deflection of the box with FEM, it was identified that the application of general beam theory. This article could provide reference for design of the box bridge.

  4. Study on the Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Single-pylon Cable-stayed Bridge Girder by Numerical Simulation and Wind Tunnel Test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Longqi Zhang

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The wind induced vibration is one of the key technical problems for long-span bridge design. Therefore, a study on the aerodynamic characteristics of a single-pylon cable-stayed bridge girder is carried out in this paper. The aerostatic coefficient of the bridge girder, including both construction state and service state, is investigated by wind tunnel test with varying wind attack angle. Then based on the computational fluid dynamics (CFD method, the flow field around the bridge girder is visualized numerically. The risk of vortex-induced vibration (VIV is qualitatively evaluated by analyzing the flow features and by considering the Scruton number (Sc. Later a dynamic section model is tested in wind tunnel and the VIV phenomenon is observed subsequently. Results show that the aerodynamic stability is assured by the positive slope of the lift coefficient. The VIV response is influenced by the structural damping and the bridge accessory. The amplitude of VIV response can be lower by increasing the structural damping. The maintenance track rail of the bridge girder also does some good for suppressing the VIV as long as the track rail is located at the appropriate place.

  5. Plasticity Theory Analysis about the Bearing Section Limited Strength of Partial Filling Concrete Continuous Composite Girder Bridge%部分充填混凝土连续组合梁桥支座处截面极限强度的塑性理论分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姬幸斌; 李文兴; 吴建明

    2012-01-01

      部分充填混凝土窄幅钢箱连续组合梁桥是钢箱-混凝土组合梁与矩形钢管混凝土结构结合的一种新型组合结构梁桥。基于一般钢箱-混凝土连续组合梁桥中支座负弯矩区因混凝土翼板开裂而导致抗弯强度、局部稳定性不足的特点,提出了一种部分充填混凝土窄幅钢箱连续组合梁桥,并对其中支座负弯矩区的正截面强度和支座截面抗剪性能进行了塑性理论分析。%  The narrow range of steel box continuous composite girder bridge that partially filled concrete is a new type of bridge which is composited by steel box-concrete composite girder and rectangular steel tube concrete. As the disadvantage that wing crack in negative moment region causing insufficient of bending strength and local stability of traditional steel box continuous composite girder bridge,a narrow range of steel box continuous composite girder bridge is presented. Then, the plasticity theory analysis is used on normal-section strength of bearing negative moment region and on cross-section support bearing shear performance.

  6. Matrix Analysis on Flexural Behavior of Thin-walled Box Girder%薄壁箱梁挠曲性能的矩阵分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张元海; 林丽霞; 李乔

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of the shape function matrix which is established through assuming the homogeneous solution to the governing differential equation for shear lag of the thin-walled box girder as the element displacement function, the formula of the equivalent nodal force of the element under vertical concentrated loads is derived by applying the principle of virtual work. The reasonable warping displacement function of shear lag is proposed for the box girder with the twin-cell cross-section. The plexiglass model of the cantilever box girder with variable cross-sections is calculated, thus validating the effectiveness of the finite segment element in analysis of the box girder with variable cross-sections. The flexural behavior of the prestressed concrete continuous box girder with variable cross-sections is analyzed through a practical example. The results show as follows:The finite segment element has high computing efficiency for the box girder with variable cross-sections; under the action of vertical concentrated loads, the shear lag moment diagram of the box girder is a smooth curve and the absolute value of the shear lag moment is not greater than that of the bending moment at any cross-sections; the shear lag effect increases the mid-span deflection of the continuous box girder significantly, which shall be treated seriously in engineering practice.%在选取薄壁箱梁剪力滞控制微分方程的齐次解作为单元位移函数建立形函数矩阵基础上,运用虚功原理推导竖向集中荷载作用下单元等效节点力公式,提出双室箱梁的合理剪滞翘曲位移函数.通过对变截面悬臂箱梁有机玻璃模型进行计算,验证提出的梁段单元对分析变截面箱梁的有效性.结合实际箱梁算例,分析预应力混凝土变截面连续箱梁的挠曲性能.研究结果表明:所提出的梁段单元用于变截面箱梁分析时,具有较高的计算精度;在竖向集中荷载作用下,箱梁剪滞力矩图是一条

  7. Evaluation on Impact Interaction between Abutment and Steel Girder Subjected to Nonuniform Seismic Excitation

    OpenAIRE

    Yue Zheng; Xiang Xiao; Lunhai Zhi; Guobo Wang

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to evaluate the impact interaction between the abutment and the girder subjected to nonuniform seismic excitation. An impact model based on tests is presented by taking material properties of the backfill of the abutment into consideration. The conditional simulation is performed to investigate the spatial variation of earthquake ground motions. A two-span continuous steel box girder bridge is taken as the example to analyze and assess the pounding interaction between the abut...

  8. CFRP-Strengthening and Long-Term Performance of Fatigue Critical Welds of a Steel Box Girder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland E. Koller

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Empa’s research efforts in the 1990s provided evidence that a considerable increase of the fatigue strength of welded aluminum beams can be achieved by externally bonding pultruded carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP laminates using rubber-toughened epoxies over the fatigue-weak welding zone on their tensile flange. The reinforcing effect obtained is determined by the stiffness of the unidirectional CFRP laminate which has twice the elastic modulus of aluminum. One can therefore easily follow that an unstressed CFRP laminate reinforcement of welded beams made of steel will not lead to a substantial increase in fatigue strength of the steel structure. This consideration led to the idea of prestressing an external reinforcement of the welded zone. The present investigation describes experimental studies to identify the adhesive system suitable for achieving high creep and fatigue strength of the prestressed CFRP patch. Experimental results (Wöhler-fields of shear-lap-specimens and welded steel beams reinforced with prestressed CFRP laminates are presented. The paper concludes by presenting a field application, the reinforcement of a steel pendulum by adhesively bonded prestressed CFRP laminates to the tensile flanges of the welded box girder. Inspections carried out periodically on this structure revealed neither prestress losses nor crack initiation after nine years of service.

  9. 钢-混组合箱梁的车桥耦合振动影响分析%Analysis on Coupling Reaction of Steel-Concrete Composed Box Girder Vibration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪家正

    2011-01-01

    随着对于钢-混组合箱梁结构研究的深入开展,其在车辆荷载作用下的车桥振动响应问题也备受关注。不同截面形式对其车-桥相互作用性能有着较大影响。文章基于模态综合法的原理,建立两种不同截面形式的钢-混组合箱梁的动力计算模型,并对其动力特性进行了比较分析,结果表明:双车响应大致为单车响应的两倍,说明不同车辆荷载作用下桥梁的反应是线性的,为以后此类桥梁的设计提供参考。%As the development of study on steel-concrete composed box girder,its natural vibration under vehicle loading draws more and more attentions.Different types of cross sections have different influence on the interaction between vehicle and bridge.Based on the component mode synthesis principle,the article builds two different types of steel-concrete composed box girder model and performs comparison analysis on its dynamic property.The result shows that the coupling reactions for two vehicles are bigger than that for one vehicle.This indicates that the relationship between them is linear,which provides reference for future bridge design.

  10. Stress analysis of deck pavement of continuous steel box girder%连续钢箱梁桥面铺装层结构应力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国芬; 曹牧; 王宏畅; 朱华平

    2013-01-01

      正交异性钢桥面的构造复杂,用理论算法对铺装层进行力学计算,较难得到精确的计算结果。本文利用有限元通用软件对曲线钢箱梁桥浇筑式沥青铺装层进行受力分析,将正交异性钢桥面板、铺装层作为整体,建立有限元模型,研究铺装层受力变形特点。根据钢桥面铺装层常出现的病害,并结合超载及刹车产生的水平荷载对铺装层受力的影响,提出相应的桥面铺装层破坏的综合控制指标。%The geometric structure of steel deck plates is complex. So it is difficult to get precise results in the mechanics calculation of deck pavement with traditional methods. This paper adopts the finite element meth-od for the mechanics analysis of the composite guss asphalt surfacing layer of curved steel box girder bridges. By taking the orthotropic steel deck and the pavement as a whole,a reasonable finite element model which estab-lished can be used to study the stress and deformation features of the surfacing layer. According to the common diseases in steel deck pavements and the effect of the overload and the horizontal load in braking to the pave-ment,this paper puts forward the comprehensive control indicators for pavement failures.

  11. 粉房湾长江大桥主桥钢桁梁架设施工技术%Construction Techniques for Erection of Steel Truss Girder of Main Bridge of Fenfangwan Changjiang River Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王存贵; 王殿永; 高杰; 靳春尚

    2012-01-01

    The main bridge of Fenfangwan Changjiang River Bridge in Chongqing City is a semi-floating system steel truss girder cable-stayed bridge with double pylons, double cable planes and with span arrangement (216. 5 + 464 + 216. 5) m. The main girder of the bridge is designed as the steel truss girder structure erected by the piece-by-piece assembling. In the light of the topographic conditions of the south and north banks, the asymmetric way of erection was chosen for the girder. The steel truss girder on the south bank side was erected from the side span towards the central span. The girder of the side span was assembled on the scaffolding, the girder in the middle was erected first and then the components like the edge stringers and edge deck plates were erected, using the deck truck cranes. The girder for the main span was erected by the cantilever assembling method. The girder of the north bank was erected by the balanced two-cantilever assembling method and the 5 blocks of the girder atop and on both sides of a main pier were assembled on the pier-side brackets.%重庆粉房湾长江大桥主桥为跨度(216.5+464+216.5)m的双塔双索面半飘浮体系钢桁梁斜拉桥,主梁采用钢桁梁结构.钢桁梁采取散拼架设,南、北岸钢桁梁根据地形情况选取了不对称的方式施工.南岸钢桁梁由边跨向中跨架设,边跨钢桁梁采用支架拼装,先架设中间桁架,再利用桥面汽车吊架设边纵梁、边桥面板等构件;主跨钢桁梁采用悬臂拼装.北岸钢桁梁采用双悬臂对称架设,主墩墩顶及两侧共5个节段钢桁梁采用墩旁托架拼装.

  12. 一种计入桥面铺装非完善接触效应的箱梁结构计算方法%Application of Deck Pavement into Box Girder Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董建兴

    2013-01-01

    The local simulation analysis is carried out for the imperfect contact between the bridge deck pavement and the box girder structure.Then the shear stiffness is obtained from load-slip curves.And a 3-D model for a real bridge structure is built and analyzed in which Spring elements are adopted to simulate the interface shear stiffness.By this calculation model the structural responses under some loads are acquired to explore the effect of considering interface slip between the concrete box deck and the pavement on the structural behavior of the bridge.The results indicate that the cracking load and ultimate bearing capacity of structure are advanced by the affect of the pavement.By comparing the data,the advice of analyzing the box girder with deck overlays is proposed,which has definite social and economic benefit.%采用有限元软件对桥面铺装与箱梁结构桥面板之间的非完善接触进行局部仿真分析,提取荷载一滑移曲线获得界面之间的剪切刚度,并在整体模型中用弹簧单元模拟界面之间的剪切刚度,对猫铺大桥结构进行三维空间分析.通过这种计算模式分析结构在荷载作用下的的整体响应,探讨比较了考虑混凝土与桥面铺装界面滑移对箱梁结构受力性能的影响.研究得出了考虑铺装层参与截面受力能提高结构开裂荷载和极限承载能力、增大结构刚度的结论.计算结果对考虑铺装层作用时箱梁计算提出合理建议,具有一定的经济和社会效益.

  13. General design of Sutong Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Xigang; Yuan Hong; Pei Minshan; Dai Jie; Xu Lin

    2009-01-01

    The main span of Sutong Bridge is a double-pylon, double-plane cable-stayed bridge with steel box girder, which has the world's longest central span of 1 088 m within cable-stayed bridges. To overcome problems caused by severe meteorological conditions, perplexing hydrological conditions, deep buried bedrock and higher navigation level, many new technics and methods were created. Keys including structural system, steel box girder, stayed cable, tower, pier, tower foundation, collision avoidance system, wind-resistance, seismic-resistance, structural nonlinear response and structural static stability were presented individually in this paper.

  14. 箱梁钢筋定位自动检测装置%The automatic detection device for box girder reinforced positioning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵云

    2014-01-01

    In order to reduce or eliminate the box girder quality oroblems caused by box girder reinforced orotection layer and ore-stressed oosi-tioning network reinforced deformation and installation not in olace,this oaoer researched the reinforced oositioning of reinforced orotective layer and ore-stressed oositioning network in oost tensioned ore-stressed box beam construction orocess,designed a set of automatic detection each ten-sioned oositioning detection ooint tensioned whether accuracy oositioning or not and disolayed the tensioned oositioning automatic detection de-vice,solved the oroblem of reinforced oositioning detection.%为了减少或消除因箱梁钢筋保护层及预应力定位网钢筋形变和安装不到位而引起箱梁质量问题,对后张法预应力箱梁施工工艺中的钢筋保护层及预应力定位网的钢筋定位进行了研究,设计了一套能自动检测各检测点钢筋是否定位准确并显示的钢筋定位自动检测装置,解决了钢筋定位检测的问题。

  15. Gust loading on streamlined bridge decks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larose, Guy; Mann, Jakob

    1998-01-01

    The current analytical description of the buffeting action of wind on long-span bridges is based on the strip assumption. However, recent experiments on closed-box girder bridge decks have shown that this assumption is not valid and is the source of an important part of the error margin of the an......The current analytical description of the buffeting action of wind on long-span bridges is based on the strip assumption. However, recent experiments on closed-box girder bridge decks have shown that this assumption is not valid and is the source of an important part of the error margin...

  16. Difference Solution for Shear Lag Effect of Twin-cell Box Girder%单箱双室箱梁剪力滞效应的差分解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘勇; 张丽; 张元海; 张效军

    2012-01-01

    从满足剪力滞翘曲应力的轴向平衡条件出发,选取三次抛物线翘曲位移模式,考虑了悬臂板宽度及上下翼板至形心轴不同距离的影响,从而更合理反映箱形梁剪力滞翘曲应力.导出了剪力滞翘曲惯性矩、惯性积和面积等几何特性计算公式.根据最小势能原理,建立了薄壁箱梁挠曲剪力滞的控制微分方程.采用有限差分法推导出变截面悬臂葙梁剪力滞效应计算式和边界条件.运用Ansys有限元软件中的Shell63单元进行建模,分析单箱双室三跨连续箱梁剪力滞效应的分布规律.对比分析了翘曲位移模式及轴力平衡条件对剪力滞效应的影响.结果表明:二、三次抛物线均不是最合理的位移模式;连续箱梁的剪力滞效应受翘曲位移模式的影响很小;轴力平衡条件对应力分布的影响亦很小.%The warping displacement pattern of cubic parabolic curve is chosen on the axial force equilibrium condition. In order to reflect the stress distribution in the box girder more rationally,the width of the cantilever plate and the distance form the top and bottom flange plates to the centre axis are fully considered. Formulas of the moment of inertia, product of inertia and sectional area for shear lag warping geometrical properties are deduced. The equations of equilibrium with considering the shear lag for thin-walled box girders are established on the basis of the variation principle. The calculation formulas and bounding conditions of shear lag effect of the continuous box girder are deduced by adopting the finite difference solution. The Shell63 unit of Ansys program is used to analyze the distributions of shear lag effect for three-span continuous box girder. The influence of distributions by longitudinal warping displacement patterns and axial force equilibrium condition is analyzed. The results show that neither of the warping displacement patterns of quadratic nor cubic parabolic curve is the most

  17. Optimisation of plate girders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abspoel, R.

    2015-01-01

    In many steel structures like buildings, industrial halls and bridges, standardized hot-rolled sections are used. These sections are divided into specific types in Europe and similar profiles in the USA. The range of hot-rolled sections is limited and therefore fabricated plate girders are used when

  18. 超宽箱梁抗裂混凝土配合比试验研究%Experimental Study of Mix Proportioning of Cracking Resistance Concrete for Very Wide Box Girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王运金; 李北星; 唐凯; 胡峰强; 张剑峰

    2012-01-01

    为防止九江长江公路大桥主桥超宽箱梁混凝土的早期开裂,进行专门的抗裂混凝土配合比优化设计试验.通过水化热、绝热温升、平板法塑性收缩开裂、温度~应力试验机开裂等试验方法,研究了胶凝材料组成对混凝土早期抗裂性的影响,配制出抗裂性能良好的C55混凝土.该混凝土采用42.5级p·Ⅱ水泥掺入25%的Ⅰ级粉煤灰、缓凝型聚羧酸盐高性能减水剂配制,绝热温升55.8℃,塑性收缩抗裂等级Ⅱ级,开裂温度8.7℃,应力储备37.3%,实际应用效果良好.%To prevent the concrete for the very wide box girder of the main bridge of Jiujiang Changjiang River Highway Bridge from early stage cracking, the optimal design and experiment for the mix proportioning of cracking resistance concrete for the box girder was specially carried out. By way of the hydration heat testing, adiabatic temperature rise testing, flat slab testing of plastic shrinkage cracking and cracking testing of temperatures-stress testing machine, the influence of the cementitious material compositions on the early stage cracking resistance of the concrete was studied and the C55 concrete having good cracking resistance was accordingly prepared. The concrete is used with the Grade 42. 5 P?II cement added with 25% of the Grade I flyash and high-range water reducer of retarding-type polycarboxylate. The adiabatic temperature rise of the concrete is 55. 8 ?, the level of the plastic shrinkage cracking resistance is grade II, the cracking temperature is 8. 7 ? and the stress reserve is 37. 3%. The practical application of the concrete proves that the effect of the concrete is sound.

  19. 沪通长江大桥大位移梁端伸缩装置动力性能研究%Study of Dynamic Performance of Large Movement Girder End Expansion Devices of Hutong Changjiang River Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高芒芒; 臧晓秋; 熊建珍

    2015-01-01

    The main ship channel bridge of the Hutong Changjiang River Bridge is a rail-cum-road continuous steel truss girder cable-stayed bridge with a main span of 1 092 m .On both sides of the main ship channel bridge are the 112-m span simply-supported steel truss girder bridges and between the main ship channel bridge and the steel truss girder bridges ,the girder end expansion devices of ± 900 mm movement amount are arranged .To investigate the influences of the expan-sion devices of the bridge on the dynamic responses of the train and bridge ,the train-track-bridge dynamic performance was studied based on the comparative schemes in the preliminary design of the expansion devices .The complete structural model ,including the main ship channel bridge , steel truss girder bridge and girder end expansion device ,was established according to the actual conditions and the train-bridge coupling vibration was analyzed ,using the step-by-step integration method .The results of the study demonstrate that the deformation of the girder end expansion de-vices and the track structures on the main ship channel bridge and the steel truss girder bridges on both sides has differences and the local irregularity in the areas nearby the girder ends causes im-pact to the train and expansion devices ,which will cause excessive responses of the train under some load cases .The acceleration of the supporting girders of the bridge is some high as compared to the relevant design in the girder end expansion device scheme for Tongling Changjiang River Bridge and particularly in the contraction state of the main girder , the said situation is more evident .%沪通长江大桥主航道桥为主跨1 092 m的公铁两用连续钢桁梁斜拉桥,主航道桥两侧为跨度112 m的钢桁简支梁桥 ,主航道桥、钢桁梁桥间设置伸缩量为± 900 m m的梁端伸缩装置.为考察该桥伸缩缝对列车和桥梁动力响应的影响 ,针对其梁端伸缩装置初步设计的比选方案进

  20. Aerodynamic hysteresis of thin airfoil and streamline box girder under large amplitude oscillation%大振幅下薄翼和流线型箱梁的气动迟滞研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王骑; 廖海黎; 李明水; 马存明

    2013-01-01

    回顾了机翼和箱梁的气动迟滞效应研究现状,介绍了大振幅下获取薄翼和流线型箱梁自激气动力的风洞试验.研究结果表明:薄翼在超过失速角的振幅条件下,升力并没有出现明显的失速现象,但气动力的高阶谐波分量显著增加;大振幅条件下,流线型箱梁的气动力高阶谐波分量也比较显著,并以第2和第3阶谐波分量为主.此外,在大振幅条件下,流线型箱梁的气动力矩迟滞曲线可出现“8字环”,即气动力在一个振动周期内既做了正功也做了负功;其中,迟滞曲线“8字环”的气动正功部分随着振幅和折算风速的增大而增加.该现象可导致桥梁也出现类似于失速机翼的极限环震荡.最后,基于不同振幅下流线型箱梁的力矩迟滞曲线,简要讨论了大跨度桥梁在颤振后状态可能出现的振动形式和气动稳定性.%The state-of-the-art of aerodynamic hysteresis of airfoil and box girder is reviewed briefly. A detailed introduction is given to the wind tunnel tests of motion-induced aerodynamic force measurements of thin airfoil and streamline box girder under large amplitude oscillation. The test results show that the lift stall didn't occur while the torsional amplitude exceeds the stall incidence angle, and the higher order harmonic components are remarkable in the aerodynamic force. The aerodynamic hysteresis curve of pitching moment for streamline box girder can take on "8-shape" loop, which means that the aerodynamic forces can provide both the positive and negative works within one vibration period. The limited cycle oscillation may also occur for bridge deck, which is usually observed in the stall airfoil. Based on the aerodynamic hysteresis curve of pitching moment under different amplitudes, the possible vibration pattern and aerodynamic instability are discussed for the post-flutter state of long span bridge.

  1. Live-Load Testing Application Using a Wireless Sensor System and Finite-Element Model Analysis of an Integral Abutment Concrete Girder Bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert W. Fausett

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available As part of an investigation on the performance of integral abutment bridges, a single-span, integral abutment, prestressed concrete girder bridge near Perry, Utah was instrumented for live-load testing. The live-load test included driving trucks at 2.24 m/s (5 mph along predetermined load paths and measuring the corresponding strain and deflection. The measured data was used to validate a finite-element model (FEM of the bridge. The model showed that the integral abutments were behaving as 94% of a fixed-fixed support. Live-load distribution factors were obtained using this validated model and compared to those calculated in accordance to recommended procedures provided in the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications (2010. The results indicated that if the bridge was considered simply supported, the AASHTO LRFD Specification distribution factors were conservative (in comparison to the FEM results. These conservative distribution factors, along with the initial simply supported design assumption resulted in a very conservative bridge design. In addition, a parametric study was conducted by modifying various bridge properties of the validated bridge model, one at a time, in order to investigate the influence that individual changes in span length, deck thickness, edge distance, skew, and fixity had on live-load distribution. The results showed that the bridge properties with the largest influence on bridge live-load distribution were fixity, skew, and changes in edge distance.

  2. Stress Analysis of Pier-tower-girder Fixed Region of Cable-stayed Bridge with Trough Girder%槽型断面梁斜拉桥塔梁墩固结区受力特性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴公连; 粟淼; 刘文硕; 闫斌

    2014-01-01

    In order to increase the structural longitudinal stiffness and facilitate the swing method,the side girders of trough section of the cable-stayed bridge on the Kunming-Shanghai passenger line were in-serted into the pylon so as to form the pier-tower-girder fixed region.For the (32+80+112)m single tower cable-stayed bridge,the structure and force of the fixed region are very complicated.The large gen-eral-purpose finite element software ANSYS was used to establish the pier-tower-girder fixed region model to study the stress distribution of the fixed region.The correctness of this model was verified.Based on this region model,the force transmission and stress distribution of the fixed region were investigated,and the effect of the local structural details on the fixed region stress was studied.The analysis results show that the global stress level of the fixed region is lower than the girder and tower,but there are stress con-centration phenomena in the fixed region,such as the intersection point between the floor of the trough girder and upper tower,and the corner of the human tunnel in the fixed region.The degree of the stress concentration was relieved significantly by improving the structural details.%为增大桥梁纵向刚度、便于转体施工,沪昆客运专线上某(32+80+112)m 槽型截面独塔斜拉桥将槽型梁两边箱插入塔柱中形成塔梁墩固结体系,其构造和受力情况极为复杂。为研究该桥塔梁墩固结区域的应力分布情况,采用大型通用有限元软件 ANSYS建立塔梁墩固结区局部模型并验证模型正确性。在此基础上,分析固结区域结构传力路径和应力分布规律,探讨局部设计细节对固结区应力的影响。研究表明:塔梁墩固结区内整体应力水平低于固结区范围以外截面,但在槽型梁过渡至固结区内部的交接角以及固结区内部过人洞折角等处存在应力集中现象。通过改进结构设计细节可有效缓解各处的应力集中现象。

  3. A concrete balanced cantilever box girder bridge in the Netherlands with carbon fibre prestressing cables

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hordijk, D.A.; Bruggeling, A.S.G.; Kaptijn, N.

    1998-01-01

    In the Netherlands a pilot project has started to recognize the possibilities of non-metallic materials for prestressing. This project will also serve to gather more knowledge regarding the properties of non-metallic wires, their anchorages and their application in large tendons. It is intended to a

  4. Evaluation on Impact Interaction between Abutment and Steel Girder Subjected to Nonuniform Seismic Excitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue Zheng

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to evaluate the impact interaction between the abutment and the girder subjected to nonuniform seismic excitation. An impact model based on tests is presented by taking material properties of the backfill of the abutment into consideration. The conditional simulation is performed to investigate the spatial variation of earthquake ground motions. A two-span continuous steel box girder bridge is taken as the example to analyze and assess the pounding interaction between the abutment and the girder. The detailed nonlinear finite element (FE model is established and the steel girder and the reinforced concrete piers are modeled by nonlinear fiber elements. The pounding element of the abutment is simulated by using a trilinear compression gap element. The elastic-perfectly plastic element is used to model the nonlinear rubber bearings. The comparisons of the pounding forces, the shear forces of the nonlinear bearings, the moments of reinforced concrete piers, and the axial pounding stresses of the steel girder are studied. The made observations indicate that the nonuniform excitation for multisupport bridge is imperative in the analysis and evaluation of the pounding effects of the bridges.

  5. 双塔双索面支座体系混合式结合梁斜拉桥设计%Design of Double Pylons and Cable Plane Supporting System Hybrid Composite Girder Cable-stayed Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢波; 程应刚

    2014-01-01

    以洸府河大桥为工程背景,进行了双塔双索面支座体系混合式结合梁斜拉桥的平面、纵断面和横断面设计,介绍了主桥的桥跨布置、桥梁方案,同时进行了中跨结合梁钢主梁、中跨结合梁混凝土桥面板、边跨混凝土主梁、主梁钢-混结合段、斜拉索、主塔和基础的设计,并进行了结构计算。%The plane,longitudinal section and cross section design of double pylons and cable plane supporting system hybrid composite girder cable-stayed bridge was carried out on the background of Guang Fuhe bridge.This paper introduced the bridge span arrangement and scheme,and conducted the design and structure calculation of steel girder in composite girder at midspan,concrete deck in composite girder at midspan,concrete main girder at side span ,steel-concrete mixing section,cable, tower and foundation.

  6. Analysis and Study of Force Conditions of Group Shear Studs of Long Span Steel and Concrete Composite Girder Bridge%大跨度钢—混组合梁桥剪力群钉受力分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵建; 郑舟军

    2013-01-01

    组合梁仿真分析时将多个剪力钉简化成一个等效剪力群钉进行模拟,不能准确得到每个剪力钉的受力情况.为解决此问题,根据实桥集束式剪力钉布置方式制作剪力群钉推出试件,并进行推出试验,得知群钉中最不利的单个剪力钉承担了32%~37%的总剪力(平均值仅为25%);由大跨度组合箱梁整体模型计算得到剪力群钉受力均值、钢-混凝土相对位移及钢梁与混凝土桥面板的受力状况;根据剪力群钉荷载分配比例对组合梁整体计算得到的剪力钉计算结果进行修正.结果表明,将剪力群钉受力均值换算得到剪力钉受力极值的方法,可实现对大跨度组合梁及其剪力钉的精确仿真分析.%When the simulation analysis of a composite girder is made,the way of simplifying the multiple shear studs of the girder into the equivalent group shear studs can not exactly acquire the force condition of each stud.To solve the problem,the push-out specimen of the group shear studs was fabricated according to the clustering layout of the shear studs of the practical bridge,the push out test for the specimen was carried out and it was consequently known that the single stud in the group shear studs under the worst force condition sustained 32%~37% of the total shear force (while the average value was 25% only).From the calculation of the integral model of the long span composite box girder,the force average values of the group shear studs,the relative displacement of the steel and concrete and the force conditions of the steel girder and concrete deck slabs were acquired and with reference to the load distribution ratios of the group shear studs,the calculation results of the shear studs were modified.The results of the calculation and modification demonstrate that by way of converting from the force average values of the group shear studs to the force ultimate values of the shear studs,the accurate simulation analysis of

  7. Design Analysis on Steel-Concrete Transition Section of Main Girder of Shangdi Bridge on Beijing-Xinjiang Expressway%京新上地桥主梁钢-混过渡段的设计分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐升桥; 刘永锋

    2013-01-01

    京新上地桥的曲线混凝土主梁采用单点顸推法施工,顶推总重250 000 kN,顶推距离213 m,顶推过程最大悬臂长度63 m.钢导梁预埋于主梁前端,通过剪力连接件和混凝土箱梁连接成整体,以传递顶推过程中的弯矩和剪力.对钢-混凝土过渡段顶、底、腹板的连接件受力性能进行设计分析,并建立实体模型详细分析最不利工况下关键部位的局部应力,结果表明界面连接可靠,钢-混凝土过渡段变形协调、应力分布均匀,设计合理.%Single-point incremental launching method is employed to construct the curved concrete main girder of Shangdi Bridge on Beijing - Xinjiang Expressway. During the incremental launching construction, the total launching weight, distance and maximum cantilever length is respectively 25 000 t, 213 m and 63 m. In order to transfer bending moment and shear force, the steel launching nose is pre-embedded in the front end of the concrete main girder, and is integrally connected with the concrete box girder by shear connectors. For the steel-concrete transition section; mechanical performance of connectors at the top, bottom and web slabs are analyzed firstly; and then, local stress at key positions under the most unfavorable conditions are precisely analyzed by means of solid model. The analysis results show that: connection of the interface is reliable, deformation of the steel-concrete transition section is compatible, and stress distribution is uniform, which indicate that the design is reasonable.

  8. 箱型梁附加挠度与剪力滞效应的一维有限元分析%One-dimensional finite element analysis on additional deflection and shear-lag effect of box-girders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨绿峰; 周月娥; 曾有凤

    2013-01-01

    当前箱型梁剪力滞效应分析的一维离散有限元法对剪力滞函数的处理存在局限性,而且剪力滞系数难以准确反映翼缘截面剪力滞效应及其变化规律.为此,利用箱梁附加挠度代替剪力滞函数建立箱梁翼缘的纵向位移函数,并根据能量变分原理建立控制微分方程并识别了其中的待定参数.以箱梁挠度、附加挠度及其一阶导数作为单元节点位移参数,提出了箱型梁剪力滞效应分析的一维离散有限元法,给出了箱梁的自然边界条件和强迫边界条件.基于箱梁挠度和附加挠度定义了新的剪力滞系数,分析了不同支撑条件对箱型梁剪力滞效应的影响.算例分析证明了该方法的有效性,且具有较高的计算精度;与传统的基于应力的剪力滞系数相比,基于挠度的剪力滞系数能够更加准确地反映箱型梁截面的剪力滞效应及其分布规律.%The shear-lag function in one-dimensional finite element method for box-girders has no definite physical interpretation, and moreover the shear-lag coefficient can not reflect correctly the shear-lag effect and its variation along the axis of box girder. In order to circumvent these problems, the additional deflection function instead of the shear-lag function is incorporated in the longitudinal displacement of the flange of the box girder. The variational principle is employed to identify the undetermined constants in the longitudinal displacement function. Furthermore, the deflection, additional deflection and their first derivatives are adopted as nodal displacement parameters in the discreted finite elements of box-girder, leading to one-dimensional finite element method for the shear-lag effect of box girders. A new shear-lag coefficient is defined in terms of the deflection of the box-girder, based on which the shear-lag effect on box girders is analysed with different boundary conditions considered. Examples show that the shear

  9. 某矮塔斜拉桥主梁受力分析研究%Analysis of Main Girder Stress of a Low Tower Cable -stayed Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑报文; 张安林; 夏伟

    2014-01-01

    矮塔斜拉桥是介于连续梁桥和普通斜拉桥之间的新型桥梁,其受力以主梁为主,拉索为辅。本文通过有限元软件M IDAS建立全桥模型,对主梁最大双悬臂状态及成桥状态进行受力分析,并获得相关结论,可为同类桥型设计提供参考依据。%Low tower cable-stayed bridge is a new type of hybrid structure between continuous bridge and cable-stayed bridge based in the main girder and cable supplement of the force .Finite element software called Midas/Civil was used to build up calculation model of the bridge ,then focused on ana‐lyzing the structural behavior at the stages as follows :the maximum twin cantilever ,end of construc‐tion state .On the basis of it ,proposes the maximum internal force of construction process shall be the control basis ,and need further analysis of NO .0 block of similar bridge ,in the hope of providing ref‐erence to the similar bridge .

  10. Ansys -based research on fatigue crack of welded box girder for overhead travelling crane%基于Ansys的桥式起重机焊接箱形梁疲劳裂纹研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷玉枫; 曾光; 吕西波; 张孟辉

    2012-01-01

    The box girder of overhead travelling crane features typical thin-wall structure, in which fatigue crack can appear easily due to load situation and weld defects of the crane, etc. Considering such case, the Ansys finite element software is adopted for load analysis of typical working conditions of the box girder in order to figure out the position and causes of any crack, and the fracture mechanics and Ansys software are adopted for analysis and simulation of the stress field, displacement field of the fatigue crack in box girder, as well as the size of stress field, which is significant to estimate the fatigue crack expansion and remaining life of the crane box girder.%桥式起重机箱形梁是典型的薄壁结构,由于起重机受载情况及本身结构焊接缺陷等因素,在箱形梁上很容易出现疲劳裂纹.针对桥式起重机箱形梁疲劳裂纹现象,借助Ansys有限元软件,对箱形梁典型工况进行受载分析,判断出裂纹的位置及其产生原因;运用断裂力学和Ansys软件分析模拟出箱形梁疲劳裂纹的应力场、位移场以及应力场区域的大小,对起重机箱形梁进行疲劳裂纹扩展以及剩余寿命的预估都有意义.

  11. 两跨连续斜交梁桥振动台试验研究%Shaking table tests for a two-span continuous skew girder bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许永吉; 卓卫东; 孙颖

    2016-01-01

    The dynamic characteristics and three-dimensional seismic response of a two-span continuous skew girder bridge were analyzed,using parameters,such as,skew angle,shear span ratio,reinforcement ratio and axial compression ratio and so on.Taking a skewed girder bridge of Fujian as an engineering example,a 1 ∶5 scale two-span continuous skewed girder bridge model was designed for shaking table tests.Adopting shaking table tests and FE numerical analysis, the seismic responses and damage characteristics of the skewed girder bridge were studied.Results of shaking table tests showed that the structure's acceleration response and displacement response are guite different under different types of ground motion and at the same site or different types of ground motion and at different sites;under the same skew angle. the smaller the axial compression ratio,the larger the acceleration and displacement responses;when the axial compression ratio is the same,the smaller the skew angle,the larger the acceleration and displacement responses;a reasonable choice of skew angle has a great influence on the dynamic performance of skew bridges in the design of skew bridges.%选取了斜交角、配箍率和轴压比等设计参数,对两跨连续斜交梁桥进行结构动力特性分析和单向地震动输入下结构的地震反应分析。以福建省高速公路某座斜交梁桥为工程背景,设计制作了一座1/5缩尺两跨连续混凝土斜交梁桥试验模型,结合振动台模型试验和数值模拟分析,研究斜交梁桥地震响应及震害特点。振动台模型试验结果表明:不同场地类别的地震动及同一场地类别但不同的地震动作用下,结构的加速度响应、位移响应差别较大;在相同斜交角时,轴压比越小,加速度和位移响应越大;当轴压比相同时,斜交角越小,加速度和位移响应越大。从试验可知,在斜交桥设计中,合理选择斜交角对桥梁动力性能有很大的影响。

  12. Analysis on Wind-Excited Flutter of Cable-Stayed Bridge with Asymmetric Composite Girder and Single Pylon%非对称混合梁独塔斜拉桥风致颤振分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨从娟

    2012-01-01

    With asymmetric composite girder, single pylon and main bridge span arrangement (310+2x 50+2x40) m, the new Haihe River Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge in double cable plane and semi-floating system. The article established space analysis model by using the finite element method, and analyzed the dynamic characteristics under the two stages, respectively the stage of hoisting in maximum single-cantilever status during bridge construction and the stage of completion. Afterwards, the article researched into its vibration model features and periods. Further, the article calculated the critical wind speeds respectively for bending-torsion coupling flutter and for separated-flow coupling flutter based on its dynamic features according to classical theory, also calculated the testing wind speed for bending-torsion coupling flutter and for separated-flow coupling flutter according to the standard specification. Finally, the article assessed the wind-excited flutter of this bridge. The assessment results show that the self-excited flutter of the steel box girder of this bridge can all be restrained under the whole process of assembling of cantilevered method and under the operation process of the completed bridge; the stability index of the completed bridge is bigger than 2. 5 while smaller than 4. 0; so it is suggested that the wind tunnel test for the segment models should be implemented.%新建海河大桥为独塔双索面半漂浮体系的斜拉桥,该桥为非对称混合梁斜拉桥,主桥孔径布置为310m+2x50m+2×40m.利用有限元建立空间分析模型,对该桥施工过程中吊装最大单悬臂状态和成桥状态的2种状态进行动力特性分析,研究其振型特征和周期,根据其动力特性按经典理论计算弯扭耦合颤振和分离流耦合颤振临界风速,并根据规范计算弯扭耦合颤振和分离流耦合颤振检验风速,对该桥风致颤振进行评估;通过评估,该桥钢箱梁悬臂拼装全过程和成桥运营状

  13. Full scale test of a SSP 34m box girder 2. Data report; Reinforced glass fiber/epoxy used in wind turbine blades

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, Find M.; Branner, K.; Nielsen, Per H. (and others)

    2008-05-15

    This report presents the setup and result from three static full-scale tests of the reinforced glass fiber/epoxy box girder used in a 34m wind turbine blade. One test was without reinforcement one with cap reinforcement and the final test was with rib reinforcement. The cap reinforcement test was part of a proof of concept investigation for a patent. The tests were performed at the Blaest test facility in August 2007. The tests are an important part of a research project established in cooperation between Risoe National Laboratory for sustainable energy--Technical university of Denmark, SSP-Technology A/S and Blaest (Blade test centre A/S) and it has been performed as a part of Find Moelholt Jensen's PhD thesis. This report is the second data report containing the complete test data for the three full-scale tests. This report deals only with the test methods and the obtained results, no conclusions are drawn. These can be found in papers and patent referenced in the data report. Various kinds of measuring equipment have been used during these tests: acoustic emission, force transducers, strain gauges and optical deformation measuring system (DIC). The experimental investigation consisted of the following tests: 1) Flapwise bending with no reinforcement 2) Flapwise bending with wire reinforcements 3) Flapwise bending with rib reinforcements. (au)

  14. Prestressed concrete box girder strengthened with comsposition of steel plate and concrete%钢板-混凝土组合加固预应力混凝土箱梁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石雄伟; 袁卓亚; 马毓泉; 冯威; 陈立

    2012-01-01

    为了研究钢板-混凝土组合加固技术在桥梁加固工程中的应用,提出了钢板-混凝土组合加固预应力混凝土箱梁的抗弯极限承载力计算公式,采用ANSYS软件选用合理单元类型和材料本构关系,对采用钢板-混凝土组合加固的某火灾受损预应力混凝土箱梁桥进行了非线性有限元数值模拟分析对比,并做了加固后效果验证性荷载试验,还对组合加固和粘钢加固效果进行了对比。结果表明:简化公式计算结果与数值分析结果偏差在5%以内;加固后结构关键截面抗弯极限承载力提高30%以上,应变校验系数降低为0.57~0.70,挠度值减小明显,结构基频提高了19%,横向分布系数理论值与实测值比值为0.93~1.05,吻合良好;组合加固梁体校验系数降低为0.66~0.82,较合理且相对均匀,结构受力协同性较好,更有利于提高结构整体受力性能。%In order to study the application of steel plate and concrete composite strengthening(SPCCS) technology in bridge reinforcement,a formulation for calculating ultimate bearing resistance of prestressed concrete box girder was presented.A nonlinear finite element model was established using ANSYS with right material parameters for a prestressed concrete box girder bridge which was damaged in a fire and strengthened with SPCCS.A comparison was made between numerical analysis results and function formula data.A loading test was carried out to verify the effect,the results of SPCCS and steel plate strengthening were compared.The results show that the deviation of numerical analysis results and function formula data is within 5%,the ultimate bending capacity of important section is improved over 30%,the verification coefficient of strain is reduced to the one from 0.57 to 0.70,the bending deflection is decreased significantly,the fundamental frequency of structure is improved by 19%,the ratio of theoretical and observed value of the load distribution

  15. 预防连续箱梁施工裂缝的温度监测与有限元分析%Temperature monitoring and finite element analysis of preventing construction cracks in a continuous box girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海源; 章龙; 张乐文; 张峰

    2011-01-01

    The features of uneven distribution temperature stress in recently poured concrete and the effective measures to prevent temperature cracks were studied. The 0# box girder in the Weihe Specially Long Bridge located in the highway from Xi' an to Tongchuan was taken as a research project, which was computed on MIDAS/FEA( multitier distributed applications services/finite element analysis) finite analysis element software. The temperature field of hydration heat of the concrete in the construction period was numerically calculated by the finite element method. The effects of three different mechanical control measures of crack control were analyzed. Combined with the results of temperature detection, the mechanical control measure was optimized. The results showed that the temperature inside the concrete rose to a peak about 52 hours after the concrete was poured, with or without cooling water pipes in the box temperature difference of the maximum temperature about 10℃. When the temperature difference between inside and outside of the concrete at 20℃ was a good time to remove the template. Temperature stress was concentrated in the junction web plate and diaphragm of the box girder, thus setting the cooling water pipes could improve the uneven distribution of temperature stress. Compared with other results, the whole process temperature monitoring and the finite element dynamic analysis by this method was better at optimizing the engineering measures of crack prevention.%研究混凝土浇筑初期内部温度应力不均匀分布特征和预防温度裂缝的有效措施,以西安至铜川高速公路渭河特大桥某0#箱梁为研究对象,以MIDAS/FEA(multitier distributed applications services/finite element analysis)有限元分析软件为计算平台,采用有限单元法对施工期混凝土水化热温度场进行了数值模拟计算,分析了3种不同防裂工程措施的理论效果,并结合温度监测进行了工程

  16. 扁平钢箱梁剪力滞效应分析%Shear lag effect analysis of flat steel box girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔朋; 周绪红; 狄谨

    2014-01-01

    The shear lag effects of flat steel box girder under concentrated and uniform loads were studied by using finite element method.Considering the reasonable ranges of design parameters of flat steel box girder,the influences of some parameters including the width and height of cross section,the thicknesses of top and bottom slabs,the thicknesses and spacings of longitudinal and transverse diaphragms on shear lag effects were analyzed.Based on the result of theoretical analysis,the practical formula was proposed to calculate the shear lag coefficient of flat steel box girder by using mathematical regression analysis,and the calculation result of practical formula was compared with the result of finite element method.Analysis result indicates that span-width ratio has the most significant influence on shear lag effects,when the span-width ratio increases from 1.786 to 8.926,the shear lag coefficients of top and bottom slabs decrease from 1. 40 and 1. 32 to 1.07 and 1. 06,and decrease by about 20%.When the thickness of longitudinal diaphragm increases from 10 mm to 30 mm,the shear lag coefficient of side web decrease by 7%, while the coefficients at other positions change by less than 1%.When the ratio of longitudinal diaphragm spacing to girder width increases from 0.430 to 0.582,the shear lag coefficient increases by 9%.Other parameters have negligible effect on shear lag coefficient.The relative error between the results of proposed practical formula and finite element method is less than 1%,which conforms the formula has higher calculation precision, and meets the need of engineering calculation.4 tabs,14 figs,18 refs.%利用有限元法研究了扁平钢箱梁在集中荷载和均布荷载作用下的剪力滞效应。结合扁平钢箱梁设计参数的合理取值范围,分析了截面宽度和高度、顶板和底板厚度、纵隔板与横隔板的厚度和间距等参数对剪力滞效应的影响。根据理论分析结果,应用回归分析法提出了

  17. MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF STUD SHEAR CONNECTORS IN COMPOSITE GIRDER OF APPROACH BRIDGE OF JIUBAO BRIDGE%九堡大桥引桥组合梁焊钉受力性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高璞

    2012-01-01

    九堡大桥引桥为多跨连续组合箱梁桥,截面为开口梯形钢梁与混凝土桥面板组合形式,钢梁与混凝土板间设置了大量的圆柱体焊钉连接件,连接件受力形式与传统钢板梁组合桥不同.文中结合该工程,采用ANSYS有限元程序建立其空间实体模型,采用弹簧单元详细模拟了焊钉,计算了焊钉连接件的受力,分析了焊钉连接件的受力特点.结果表明:焊钉连接件不仅承受沿纵桥向的剪力,还承受沿横桥向的剪力及沿竖向的拉拔力,连接件所受的剪力和拉拔力在全桥范围分布规律复杂.%The approch bridge of Jiubao bridge was a multi - span continous composite bridge,whose cross section composed of open trapezoid section steel girder and concrete slabs. Magnitude of headed studs were layout at die interface of steel girder and concrete slab. Mechanical behavior of studs in this type of composite beam is different from that in the steel plate composite beam. Combined with this project, finite element program ANSYS was used to set the solide spatial model in which spring elements were adopted to simulate the studs. Thus mechanical behavior of studs were achieved and analyzed. The analysis results show that; studs carry not only longitudinal shear force along the bridge;but also transverse shear force and vertical tension force, the distribution patterns of diese forces along the whole bridge were complex.

  18. 斜拉桥主梁应变监测分析%Girder Strain Analysis of a Cable-stayed Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵平

    2012-01-01

    The health monitoring system of the bridge maintenance management is an important means to ensure the safety operation. To grasp the working condition, strain analysis is necessary. With practical engineering of a bridge in Xinmi, appling finite-element analysis software of MIDAS/Civil to establish the space model, we analysis the stress of the girder in the construction stage and compare the academic value and the practical value. The conclusion will provide a reference to the same bridges.%基于健康监测系统的桥梁养护管理是保证其安全运营的重要手段.而对监测数据进行分析以把握结构的工作状态是一个必须环节.结合新密某桥梁的工程实践,运用有限元软件建立主梁有限元空间模型,模拟分析施工阶段主梁应力,并对应力理论值和实测值进行对比与分析.结论将为同类桥梁应力监测提供参考.

  19. Stationary seismic analysis of multi-span simply supported girder bridge%多跨简支梁桥平稳地震响应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马青青; 张鸿儒

    2013-01-01

    应用单位脉冲函数,建立了简支梁桥的纵向振动频响函数方程,基于传递函数,提出了用于求解多跨简支梁桥纵向位移和轴力的动态频响函数的计算方法.以六跨简支梁桥为算例,求解了跨中最大位移和轴力,并给出了脉冲荷载作用下相应的傅里叶振幅谱.结果表明,中间各跨跨中位移较大,两侧跨中轴力较大,响应谱的变化规律与位移和轴力的变化一致.%Based on the unit impulse function principle, the frequency response function equation of longitudinal vibration for simply supported beam bridge is established. According to the transfer matrix principle, the calculation method of the dynamic frequency response function for the vertical displacement and axial force of multi-span simply supported beam bridge is proposed. Taking six cross-simply supported girder bridge as an example, the maximum displacement and axial force are solved, and the corresponding Fourier amplitude spectrum under pulse loads is provided. The calculation results show that the mid-pan displacement in the middle of the bridge is bigger than that in the side of the bridge, but the axial force shows an inverse tendency. The changes of the amplitude spectrums are consistent with the displacement and axial force respectively.

  20. Design of (70+125+70) m Continuous Girder Bridge by Swing Method Crossing above Existing Railways%(70+125+70)m跨铁路转体连续梁桥设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘润舟

    2013-01-01

    Crossing above both the Nanchang-Jiujiang Intercity Railway and Beijing-Kowloon Railway, the main bridge of Gong’an Bridge is a continuous prestressed concrete girder bridge with the span arrangement of (70+125+70)meters. This thesis introduced how to select the bridge site and bridge type, how to design the bridge structure, how to select the calculation parameters, and how to erect the girder by swing method. Meanwhile, by using finite element software named Dr. Bridge, the bridge structure was calculated and analyzed longitudinally and transversely, and the results show that all the structural strengths, stresses, displacements, etc. can accord with the relevant provisions of the design codes.%共安大桥主桥上跨昌九城际、京九铁路,采用(70+125+70) m预应力混凝土连续梁,对桥位和桥型确定、桥梁结构设计和计算参数选取,以及转体施工方案进行介绍。采用有限元软件桥梁博士对桥梁结构进行纵向计算分析,结果表明结构强度、应力、位移等均满足设计规范的有关规定。

  1. Research on High Speed Maglev Transrapid Girder-on-Bridge System%高速磁浮桥上梁轨道系统方案研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成广伟

    2012-01-01

    针对高速磁浮交通新项目前期选线中主要采用的高架线路方案开展了相关工程化应用研究,并介绍了针对高速磁浮高架线路轨道系统方案的优化研究进展.研究立足于优化磁浮系统布置、提高安全疏散效率、节约用地、提高环境保护水平等原则,明确了桥上梁轨道系统方案及相关系统设备布置,提出了结合桥上梁形式的安全疏散逃生方案.通过动模型试验与有限元仿真分析方法,研究了磁浮列车通过桥上梁结构时的空气动力学性能,表明磁浮列车的高速通过空气动力学性能符合要求;结合上海磁浮示范线进行了桥上梁方案的在线模拟展示和降噪性能测试,结果表明,结合声屏障,可将磁浮列车高速气动噪声降低最高13 dB(A).研究结论在相关工程方案中得到了应用,可为类似高速交通系统工程提供参考.%The construction application study on the elevated structure proposed in the new high speed rnaglev transportation line and the advances on the high speed maglev transrapid girder-on-bridge system are introduced in this paper. New practical elevated guideway system is designed based on the principles of optimization of the maglev system arrangement, high escape efficiency, economic use of land and better environment protection, etc. One new guideway system type is provided together with the system arrangement, and one new escape system is provided which can be used in the girder on bridge maglev system. With model test and simulation analysis, the aerodynamic effect of this structure when maglev trains passing was examined, and the test results show that the aerodynamic effect when maglev vehicle passing by is acceptable. This girder on bridge system was presented on the Shanghai maglev demonstration line, and the noise reduction effect was tested. Test results show that noise can be reduced to 13 dB( A) with the barrier screen fixed. Conclusions introduced in this paper

  2. CALCULATION AND ANALYSIS ON FLEXURAL CAPACITY OF PRESTRESSED COMPOSITE BOX GIRDER%预应力组合箱梁抗弯能力计算分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡少伟; 胡汉林

    2012-01-01

    The prestressed steel and concrete composite beams having been widely used in engineering as a new transverse bearing component.The bending capacity is one of the most fundamental and important behaviors.The calculation formulas of elastic bearing capacity and deflection were derived considering the slip at the steel-concrete interface and the stress increments of prestressed tendons on the base of the elastic theory;and on the premise of plane section and complete composite action,the expressions of prestressed composite beam's ultimate plastic capability which consider the stress increments of prestressed tendons were deduced,based on the simplified plastic theory.These foumulas can reflect the characteristics of the prestressed composite box girder.It turns out that the calculation values are in good agreement with the experimental results,which meet the engineering accuracy.%预应力钢-混凝土组合梁作为一种新型的横向承重构件,在工程中得到了广泛的使用,准确计算其抗弯承载能力是工程上最为基本也是最重要的要求。该文以弹性分析理论为基础,推导了考虑交界面相对滑移和预应力增量的预应力组合梁弹性承载能力和挠度计算公式;以完全协同作用和平截面假定为前提,采用简化的塑性理论,推导了考虑预应力增量的极限抗弯承载能力计算公式。公式能够反映预应力组合梁的受力特点,计算结果与试验值吻合良好,满足工程精度。

  3. 用体单元分析薄壁箱梁剪力滞效应的新方法%On new method for analyzing thin-wall box girder shear lag effect with body element

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王延华

    2012-01-01

    In order to analyze the shear lag effect of the thin-wall box section in a more accurate way,the paper points out tetrahedral body element is a more effective method,indicates that the finite element software is used to analyze the box girder modeling,and proves the accuracy of the calculation method by experiment,so as to provide certain reference for relative personnel.%为了更精确地分析薄壁箱形截面的剪力滞效应,提出了用四面体单元分析是一种比较有效的方法,利用有限元软件对箱梁建模分析,并经实例验证了本算法的准确性,可供相关人员参考。

  4. M PC复合材料加固空心板梁桥静载试验研究%Study of Static Tests for Using MPC Composite Material to Strengthen Void Plate Girder Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷丹丹; 孙全胜

    2015-01-01

    为研究M PC复合材料加固空心板梁桥的有效性,在某跨径13 m的空心板梁桥主梁跨中11 m范围内浇筑M PC复合材料进行加固,桥梁加固前与加固后分别进行静载试验,并采用有限元法建立加固前后主梁的有限元模型,分析加固前后主梁的挠度、裂缝和应变的变化。分析结果表明:工况1(跨中最大弯矩横向对称加载)、工况2(跨中最大弯矩横向偏载加载)下主梁加固后的挠度较加固前分别降低了13.4%、12.6%,加固后主梁的挠度明显减小;在试验过程中,加固后主梁裂缝未见明显变化,裂缝区应变水平降低,较好地抑制了原有裂缝的发展;工况1、工况2下主梁加固后的应变较加固前分别降低了13.75%、14.79%,加固后主梁受拉区应变显著降低;加固后校验系数改善率最大为13.89%,该加固方法能够有效地提高桥梁的承载力和刚度。%To study the efficiency of using MPC composite material to strengthen void plate girder bridge ,within the 11 m area of the midspan of the main girder of a 3 × 13 m void plate girder bridge ,the MPC composite material was cast for the strengthening purpose .Static tests were done before and after the strengthening ,and the finite element method was used to establish the models of the main girder before and after the strengthening ,to analyze the variation of main span deflec‐tion ,cracking and strain .The results of the analysis indicate that under two load cases (load case 1 is the transverse symmetrical loading with maximum midspan bending moment and the load case 2 is the transverse eccentric loading with maximum midspan bending moment .) ,the deflection of main girder reduces by 13 .4% and 12 .6% , respectively , compared with the data before the strengthening ,and the deflection of the main girder after strengthening is distinctively declined . During the process of the tests ,the cracking of the main

  5. Study of Static Tests for Using MPC Composite Material to Strengthen Void Plate Girder Bridge%M PC复合材料加固空心板梁桥静载试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷丹丹; 孙全胜

    2015-01-01

    To study the efficiency of using MPC composite material to strengthen void plate girder bridge ,within the 11 m area of the midspan of the main girder of a 3 × 13 m void plate girder bridge ,the MPC composite material was cast for the strengthening purpose .Static tests were done before and after the strengthening ,and the finite element method was used to establish the models of the main girder before and after the strengthening ,to analyze the variation of main span deflec‐tion ,cracking and strain .The results of the analysis indicate that under two load cases (load case 1 is the transverse symmetrical loading with maximum midspan bending moment and the load case 2 is the transverse eccentric loading with maximum midspan bending moment .) ,the deflection of main girder reduces by 13 .4% and 12 .6% , respectively , compared with the data before the strengthening ,and the deflection of the main girder after strengthening is distinctively declined . During the process of the tests ,the cracking of the main girder after the strengthening did not show distinct variation ,the strain level in the cracking area is decreased and the propagation of the original cracking is better curbed .In the contexts of load case 1 and load case 2 ,the strain of the main girder after the strengthening decrease 13 .75% and 14 .79% ,respectively ,compared with data before the strengthening ,and the strain in the tensile area of the main girder is obviously de‐creased .The verification coefficient is improved by a maximum rate of 13 .89% after strengthening and the method is able to effectively improve the load bearing capacity and stiffness of the bridge .%为研究M PC复合材料加固空心板梁桥的有效性,在某跨径13 m的空心板梁桥主梁跨中11 m范围内浇筑M PC复合材料进行加固,桥梁加固前与加固后分别进行静载试验,并采用有限元法建立加固前后主梁的有限元模型,分析加固前后主梁的挠度、裂缝和应变的

  6. Load transverse distribution of single box multi-cell girder with corrugated steel webs%单箱多室波形钢腹板箱梁荷载横向分布

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马磊; 万水; 蒋正文; 李明鸿

    2014-01-01

    A formula for calculating the load transverse distribution coefficient of single box multi-cell girder with corrugated steel webs was deduced by the rigid connected beam method on the basis of the equivalent plane plate-girder model.Then,a test on a single box double-cell girder with cor-rugated steel webs was carried out to research its load transverse distribution.The research results show that the error between the load transverse distribution coefficient calculating with rigid connect-ed beam method and that obtained from test and finite element analysis is less than 7%.Compared with the finite element analysis result of the girder with midspan diaphragm,the load transverse dis-tribution coefficient calculated by the rigid connected beam method is relatively safe.Thus the rigid connected beam method can be used to calculate the load transverse distribution coefficient of the sin-gle box double-cell girder with corrugated steel webs where or not there is a diaphragm in the mids-pan of the girder.The distribution law of the load transverse distribution coefficient along the longi-tudinal of single box multi-cell girder with corrugated steel webs was suggested according to the ex-perimental results.The moment transverse distribution coefficients are mc ,where mc is the load trans-verse distribution coefficient at the middle span calculated by the rigid beam method.For the support reaction transverse distribution coefficients of the middle girder,0.6m0 is used at the end,where m0 is the load transverse distribution coefficient at the end calculated by the level principle method;mc is applicable from L/4 to L;and the transition from the end to L/4 is linear.The support reaction transverse distribution coefficients of the side girder are 0.9m0.%将单箱多室波形钢腹板箱梁等效为平面板梁模型,用刚接梁法推导了单箱多室波形钢腹板箱梁荷载横向分布系数的计算公式,并对1根单箱双室波形钢腹板箱梁进行了荷

  7. Performance of streamlined bridge decks in relation to the aerodynamics of a flat plate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larose, Guy; Livesey, Flora M.

    1997-01-01

    The aerodynamics of three modern bridge decks are compared to the aerodynamics of a 16:1 flat plate. The comparisons are made on the basis of the analytical evaluation of the performance of each cross-section to the buffeting action of the wind. In general, the closed-box girders studied in this ......The aerodynamics of three modern bridge decks are compared to the aerodynamics of a 16:1 flat plate. The comparisons are made on the basis of the analytical evaluation of the performance of each cross-section to the buffeting action of the wind. In general, the closed-box girders studied...... in this paper showed buffeting responses similar to a flat plate with the exception of the multi-box girder which performed much better aerodynamically....

  8. U-girder coupling vibration and comfort evaluation of new vehicle-bridge%新型U型梁车桥耦合及舒适性评定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彬力; 白光亮

    2011-01-01

    This study aim at exploring the impact on the passenger comfort of dynamic response of U - girder in vehicle - bridge system for urban rail transit. In order to study the impact, a rail vehicle dynamics model with 31 DOFs (degrees of freedom) was established by employing linear rail model. A standard span of 30 m single line U - shaped structure, which is in the elevated section of Chongqing City Metro line Project in the west of Liang hill, was taken as the study object. The analysis of coupling vibration in vehicle - bridge system was calculated by using a self - compiled program and compared with the field test results to show the correctness of the established dynamic model and the self - compiled program. According to ISO2631. UIC513 and GB5595 -85 evaluation standard, the train ride comfort was evaluated. The results show the train ride comfort is good.%为探讨城市轨道交通U型梁车桥系统车桥耦合振动对旅客舒适性的影响,采用线性化轮轨模型建立了31个自由度的车辆动力学模型.以重庆市轨道交通一号线工程中梁山以西高架区间所采用标准跨径为30m的单线小U结构为对象,采用自编程序和通用对机车车辆过桥时的车桥耦合振动进行了分析,参照IS02631.UIC513和GB5595-85评价标准,对列车乘坐舒适性进行了评定,结果表明,列车具有良好的乘坐舒适性.

  9. Seismic vulnerability assessment of a steel-girder highway bridge equipped with different SMA wire-based smart elastomeric isolators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedayati Dezfuli, Farshad; Shahria Alam, M.

    2016-07-01

    Shape memory alloy wire-based rubber bearings (SMA-RBs) possess enhanced energy dissipation capacity and self-centering property compared to conventional RBs. The performance of different types of SMA-RBs with different wire configurations has been studied in detail. However, their reliability in isolating structures has not been thoroughly investigated. The objective of this study is to analytically explore the effect of SMA-RBs on the seismic fragility of a highway bridge. Steel-reinforced elastomeric isolators are equipped with SMA wires and used to isolate the bridge. Results revealed that SMA wires with a superelastic behavior and re-centering capability can increase the reliability of the bearing and the bridge structure. It was observed that at the collapse level of damage, the bridge isolated by SMA-HDRB has the lowest fragility. Findings also showed that equipping NRB with SMA wires decreases the possibility of damage in the bridge while, replacing HDRB with SMA-HDRB; or LRB with SMA-LRB increases the failure probability of the system at slight, moderate, and extensive limit states.

  10. Damage detection based on mode shapes of a girder bridge constructed from responses of a moving vehicle under impact excitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Zhongqiang; Au, Francis T. K.

    2016-04-01

    The vibration mode shapes are often used to identify damage of bridges because the mode shapes are not only important modal properties but also sensitive to damage. However, the key issue is how to conveniently obtain the mode shapes of a bridge in service. Traditional methods invariably require installation of instruments on the bridge for collection of dynamic responses for constructing mode shapes, which are both costly and inconvenient. Therefore a method is developed to construct the mode shapes of simply supported bridges based on Hilbert Transform using only vehicle acceleration response for identification of the location of damage. Firstly, an algorithm is devised to construct the mode shapes by using the dynamic responses extracted from a moving vehicle under impact excitation. Then, based on these intermediate results, the coordinate modal assurance criterion in conjunction with suitable wavelets is used to identify the location of damage. Compared with the traditional methods, the proposed method uses only the information from the moving vehicle. Moreover, additional impact excitation on the vehicle helps to excite the bridge. This helps to improve the accuracy by overcoming the adverse effects of measurement noise and road surface roughness, which leads to high accuracy of damage detection. To verify the feasibility of the proposed method, some numerical studies have been carried out to investigate the effects of measurement noise, road surface roughness and multiple locations of damage on the accuracy of results.

  11. 港珠澳大桥非通航孔85 m连续组合梁桥施工关键技术%Key Construction Techniques for 85 m Non-navigational Channel Con-tinuous Composite Girder Bridge of Hongkong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘军

    2016-01-01

    港珠澳大桥浅水区非通航孔桥为11联双幅85 m连续组合梁桥,基础采用钢管复合桩,承台及墩身采用预制拼装结构,承台深埋于海床内,上部结构采用组合梁结构。桥位处地质复杂、环境恶劣,利用“小天鹅”号运架双体船搭载整体导向架系统,实现复合桩基础钢管三次定位,精确控制钢管插打;承台+底节墩身整体预制时钢筋按4个模块分别绑扎,组拼成整体后应用自动化开合模板浇筑混凝土,并采用裂纹控制技术及防腐措施;承台+底节墩身预制构件采用“小天鹅”号运架一体船运输、起吊下放进入锁口钢套箱围堰内,通过复合桩桩顶三向调节装置精确定位安装;组合梁的钢梁在工厂加工成板单元后,船运至中山预制场进行整孔组拼,混凝土桥面板采取纵向分块、横向整幅预制,二者结合成组合梁后由“天一号”运架一体船逐片吊装。%The non‐navigational channel bridge in the shallow water area of Hongkong‐Zhuhai‐Macao Bridge is a continuous composite girder bridge with separated left and right decks .The bridge has 11 continuous units of spans of 85 m .T he foundation of the piers is formed of concrete‐filled steel tubular piles ,the pile caps and pile shafts were prefabricated and assembled in the workshop ,and the pile caps were deeply buried in the seabed .The superstructure adopts compos‐ite girder structure .Complicated geological condition and harsh environment render the bridge site quite challenging for construction .The Crane Little Swan ,a catamaran used to lift and erect gird‐ers ,was employed to carry the overall guiding frame system ,to realize three times of positioning of the composite foundation steel tubes and precisely control the driving of the steel tubes .The pile cap and the bottom lift of the pier are monolithically prefabricated ,during the manufacture of which ,the reinforcement was divided

  12. Vortex-induced resonance characteristics and anti-vibration measures'mechanism of central-slotted box girders%中央开槽箱梁涡激共振特性及抑振措施机理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨婷; 周志勇

    2015-01-01

    To study vortex-induced resonance characteristics and anti-vibration measures'mechanism of central-slotted box girders,the large-scale sectional model vibration measurement,pressure measurement and CFD were employed.A long-span cable-stayed bridge over Yangtze River was taken as an example to conduct wind tunnel tests of large-scale sectional model.The test results indicated that it is the maintenance rails located inside aerodynamic susceptible sites that cause the vortex-induced vibration of the bridge.CFD numerical simulation results showed that the upwind flow passing through the curved soffit plate is hindered by the inside maintenance rails to cause an increased width of dead water region in the wake of upwind box section,a continuous and intensive vortex shedding phenomenon occurs due to velocity gradient and the VIV of the bridge main beam section takes place;accordingly,the inside maintenance rails are proposed to offset the center line of the main beam with a certain distance,they are not an obstacle to the high-speed upwind flow;thus the flow separates at the location far away from the knuckle line and the size of dead water region in the upwind box wake is reduced to prevent the vortex shedding.The static pressure test results showed that when shifting the inside maintenance rails,the negative mean pressure at the soffit plate knuckle line,does not change dramatically,the fluctuating pressures on the upwind and downwind inclined panels can be reduced,and the fluctuating energy is dispersed without a consistent predominant frequency.Wind tunnel tests for the modified section were conducted and the results showed that the VIV of the bridge can be suppressed completely.%基于大比例节段模型风洞测振、测压试验及计算流体力学(Computational Fluid Dynamic,CFD)方法进行中央开槽箱梁涡激共振特性及抑振措施机理研究。以芜湖长江公路二桥为例进行大比例节段模型风洞试验。结果显示,位于

  13. 基于 ANSYS 软件对钢板梁桥的结构优化分析%Analysis on structure optimization of steel plate girder bridge based on ANSYS software

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘健

    2016-01-01

    以坦桑尼亚铁路桥为例,采用ANSYS有限元软件,从自重载荷、横向风载、交变载荷方面,对钢板梁桥的主梁进行了仿真分析,结合桥梁在三种载荷作用下的应变、应力情况,制定了针对性的加固措施,有利于桥梁结构的优化处理。%Taking the Tanzania railway bridge as an example,this paper used ANSYS finite element software,from the gravity load,transverse wind load,alternating load aspects,made simulation analysis on the main girder of steel plate girder bridge,combining with the strain,stress sit-uation of bridge under three kinds loads,formulated targeted reinforcement measures,beneficial to the optimization treatment of bridge structure.

  14. Effect of Plate Girder Bridge with Different Coupling Stiffness on Stress of Concrete Slab%不同连接程度板桁桥对混凝土板应力的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任钢; 肖杰; 丁颖

    2012-01-01

    In terms of 64m through semi-combined plate girder bridge which is used more widely at present,the effect of coupling stiffness between concrete steel truss girder and distribution distance of shear key on concrete slab is analyzed and compared by changing the coupling stiffness and distribution distance.The calculation shows that with the increase of coupling stiffness axial stress of concrete slab increases while beading stress is slightly affected.By decreasing the distribution distance of shear key,stress of concrete slab at the upside of longitudinal girder is largely affected and the stress at the edge while along the center line is slightly affected.%针对目前高速铁路应用较多的64m下承式板桁半结合桥,通过改变混凝土与钢桁梁之间连接刚度以及剪力键分布距离来分析比较其对混凝土应力的影响,计算表明,连接刚度的增加,混凝土板的轴向应力随之增加,但弯曲应力影响较小。通过剪力键布置间距减小,纵梁上方处混凝土板应力影响较大,而混凝土边缘以及中心线处应力影响较小。

  15. 三维地震动作用下曲线连续梁桥减震控制研究%Seismic mitigation control for a curved continuous girder bridge with 3-D ground motion action

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    亓兴军; 申永刚

    2012-01-01

    In order to reduce seismic damage effect of a curved girder bridge with double supports, the seismic response mitigation control technique with liquid viscous dampers was presented. The spatial finite element model and dynamic simulation model of a curved continuous girder bridge were established, and viscous dampers were set at the kinetic bearings of piers in tangent and radial orientations. Seismic mitigation effectiveness of active control, semi-active control and passive control for the bridge was calculated and analyzed with three-dimensional (3-D) ground motion input. The results indicated that the curved girder bridge has distinct characteristic of seismic coupling between longitudinal and transversal orientations; three orientations of the ground motion must be input simultaneously and longitudinal and transversal dampers are set simultaneously when seismic mitigation responses are calculated; the viscous dampers can control internal forces of inside pier and outside pier to be close to each other; the three mitigation approaches can effectively reduce displacement of girder and internal force of fixed piers of the curved girder bridge; the differences of seismic mitigation effectiveness and seismic response time histories are smaller for the three mitigation approaches; active control and semi-active control have no obvious advantage, and the passive control with viscous dampers can be widely applied in actual seismic design of a curved girder bridge.%为了减少双支承曲线梁桥的地震破坏效应,提出了利用液体粘滞阻尼器进行曲线梁桥减震控制的方法,建立曲线连续梁桥的空间有限元模型和动力仿真模型,在桥梁墩台活动支座部位设置切向和径向液体粘滞减震装置,输入三维地震动计算分析了桥梁主动控制、半主动控制和被动控制三种减震方法的减震效果.结果表明,曲线梁桥的地震反应表现出显著的纵桥向与横桥向的耦合特性,在减震控制

  16. On construction of post-tensioning method precast prestressed concrete continuous box girder%后张法预制预应力混凝土连续箱梁施工

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王迎春

    2011-01-01

    Combining with the recent work experience,the paper sums up the construction points and the craft procedures of the post-tensioning method precast prestressed concrete continuous box girder,and points out some precautions and the technical measures,so as to improve the engineering quality and to create better economic and social benefits.%结合近年来的工作经验,对后张法预制预应力混凝土连续箱梁施工要点和工艺流程进行了归纳,并提出了一些施工注意事项和技术措施,以提高工程质量,创造更好的经济效益和社会效益。

  17. 现浇箱梁满堂式支架搭设与设计方案%The erection and design scheme of cast-in-situ box girder full timbering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙保华

    2015-01-01

    Combining with the engineering example,this paper introduced the design parameters and compilation basis of cast-in-situ box girder full timbering erection,discussed the foundation treatment scheme in full timbering erection,and elaborated the load calculation process,re-searched the specific measures of timbering configuration,to ensure the stability of timbering and the quality of beam body.%结合工程实例,介绍了现浇箱梁满堂式支架搭设的设计参数及编制依据,探讨了满堂式支架搭设中的基础处理方案,并对荷载的计算过程进行了阐述,同时研究了支架配置的具体措施,以保证支架的稳定性和梁体的质量。

  18. An improved approach for analyzing shear lag effect of box girders%箱形梁剪力滞效应的改进分析方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张元海; 白昕; 林丽霞

    2012-01-01

    以薄壁箱梁的弯曲理论为基础,从分析翼缘板的面内剪切变形和弯曲剪力流的分布规律入手,从理论上证明二次抛物线是箱形梁剪力滞效应分析中的合理翘曲位移函数。选取剪力滞翘曲位移函数时,对悬臂板和底板引入修正系数,并考虑翘曲正应力的平衡条件。对箱形梁横截面上新出现的广义内力给出明确定义并称之为剪滞力矩,从分析正应力在翘曲虚位移上的虚功出发,揭示所定义的剪滞力矩即为相应于剪力滞广义位移的广义内力。对简支箱梁和连续箱梁模型的应力计算表明,计算值与实测值吻合良好,从而证实该文的分析方法和建立的公式是正确的。挠度计算表明:剪力滞效应使简支箱梁和连续箱梁算例的跨中挠度分别增大12%和19%,工程实践中必须认真对待。%Based on the flexural theory for thin-walled box girders, quadratic parabola is proved to be reasonable as the warping displacement function in shear lag effect analysis of a box girder through investigating the in-plane shear deformation and the shear flow in the flanges. Modified factors for the cantilever and bottom slabs are introduced in the warping displacement function for shear lag and the equilibrium condition for warping stresses is also considered. The new generalized internal force is defined explicitly and named as shear lag moment, which is proved to be the generalized moment corresponding to the generalized displacement for shear lag, through analyzing the virtual work done by the normal stress on the virtual warping displacement. Simply supported and continuous box girder models are analyzed and the calculated results are in good agreement with the test results, which validates the proposed method and formulas. For the simply supported and continuous box girder models, shear lag effect increases the mid-span deflections by 12% and 19%, respectively, which should be treated

  19. Structural health monitoring of bridges in the State of Connecticut

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chengyin Liu; Joshua Olund; Alan Cardini; Paul D'Attilio; Erie Feldblum; John DeWolf

    2008-01-01

    A joint effort between the Connecticut Department of Transportation and the University of Connecticut has been underway for more than 20 years to utilize various structural monitoring approaches to assess different bridges in Connecticut.This has been done to determine the performance of existing bridges,refine techniques needed to evaluate different bridge components,and develop approaches that can be used to provide a continuous status of a bridge's structural integrity,This paper briefly introduces the background of these studies,with emphasis on recent research and the development of structural health monitoring concepts.This paper presents the results from three different bridge types:a post-tensioned curved concrete box girder bridge,a curved steel box-girder bridge,and a steel multi-girder bridge.The structural health monitoring approaches to be discussed have been successfully tested using field data collected during multi-year monitoring periods,and are based on vibrations,rotations and strains.The goal has been to develop cost-effective strategies to provide critical information needed to manage the State of Connecticut's bridge infrastructure.

  20. 曲线薄壁箱梁侧向静力分析的能量变分法%ENERGY-VARIATIONAL METHOD OF LATERAL STATIC ANALYSIS OF THIN-WALLED CURVED BOX GIRDERS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘亚南; 周广春; 吴亚平

    2011-01-01

    以能量变分原理为基础,在曲线箱梁侧向综合考虑了剪力滞后和剪切变形效应的影响,建立了薄壁曲线箱梁的侧向弹性控制微分方程和自然边界条件,获得了相应广义位移的闭合解.论文提出了一种曲线箱梁侧向静力学特性分析的解析法,揭示了各参数之间的内在联系.算例中论文解析解与板壳有限元结果吻合较好,证明了本文方法的有效性,因而更具理论价值和工程实际意义.%Based on the energy variation principle, this paper proposes an approach of analyzing the effect of shear lag,shear deformation on the lateral static characteristic of curved thin-walled box girders generally applied in engineering. The minimum potential principle is applied to establish the lateral governing differential equations and the corresponding natural boundary conditions. The closed-form solutions of generalized displacements are obtained. The variations of shear lag effects of curved box girders,caused by the change of factors such as span-height ratio,types of loading and natural boundary conditions,are discussed. The results are compared with finite shell element solutions to verify the validity of the proposed approach.

  1. Experimental Study on Vehicle-Bridge Dynamic Characteristics of Thin-Walled Trough Girder Bridge for Urban Rail Transit%城市轨道交通薄壁槽形梁车桥动力特性试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴亮秦; 吴定俊; 李奇

    2011-01-01

    Field tests were conducted on a standard span thin-walled trough girder bridge for the elevated urban rail transit. The free vibration characteristics of the bridge, such as the frequency, mode and damping ratio were got. The test data for both the bridge and train during the train passing through the bridge, including the displacement, amplitude, stress and the acceleration responses of the bridge and the acceleration of the carbody were obtained and analyzed. The analysis results show that the deflection-span ratio of the girder body is less than the code limit. No resonance phenomenon occurs as the train passing through the bridge. The vertical stiffness of the girder body meets the requirements. The transverse fundamental frequency of the girder span is greater than the code value while the transverse fundamental frequency of the bridge is smaller. The lateral amplitude at the pier top is larger. The transverse stiffness of the girder body meets the requirements, whereas the stiffness of the pier is somewhat insufficient. Local vibration is found in the roadbed slab and the web. Therefore, more attention should be paid to the local stability of running lines and the web when the design speed is increased. The total longitudinal bending dynamic coefficient of the girder body is smaller than specification regulated value. However, the local transverse bending dynamic coefficient of the roadbed slab is much larger than the total longitudinal bending dynamic coefficient of the girder body. The acceleration of the bridge deck is within the limit. Judging by Sperling index and ISO2631 evaluation index, the ride comfort of the test train running on the bridge is found to be excellent. According to the test and analysis, thin-walled trough girder is proved to be suitable for elevated urban rail transit.%对城轨高架标准跨薄壁槽形梁桥进行现场测试,获得桥梁的频率、振型、阻尼比等自振特性,以及列车通过时桥梁的位移、振幅

  2. Calculation of Flexural Capacity for Prestressed Box Girder with Corrugated Steel Webs Considering Shear Slip%考虑剪切滑移的波纹钢腹板预应力箱梁抗弯承载力计算

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任红伟; 刘保东; 李鹏飞

    2012-01-01

    In order to calculate the ultimate flexural capacity for externally prestressed box girder with corrugated steel webs, in view of its structural characteristics, considered the shear slip of shear key between the corrugated steel webs and the roof and floor concrete, the formulas of the ultimate flexural capacity of the externally prestressed box girder with corrugated steel webs were derived. As the slip strains increased the strain of the roof and floor and the sectional curvature, the influence of the interfacial slip on the ultimate flexural capacity were taken into account by the additional moment. Based on the analysis of the compatibility relation between externally prestressed tendons and the beam deformation, the stress increment of the external prestressing tendons was derived, the calculating steps of the ultimate flexural capacity of the externally prestressed box girder with corrugated steel webs by the plastic hinge method were derived and summarized, and the method was verified by model tests. The comparison of the experimental and theoretical results indicate that (1) the ultimate flexural capacity will be reduced when considering shear slip of the shear key; (2) the results obtained using the derived formulas are better than those from existing methods, which are close to the measured values and can give a reference to the calculation of the same type of girders.%为了计算体外预应力波纹钢腹板组合箱梁桥的极限抗弯承载力,针对其构造特点,考虑波纹钢腹板与顶底板混凝土剪力连接键剪切滑移的影响,推导了波纹钢腹板预应力箱梁极限抗弯承载力计算公式.滑移应变增大了项底板的应变和截面曲率,可以通过附加弯矩考虑界面滑移对极限抗弯承载力的影响;在分析体外预应力钢筋与梁体变形协调关系的基础上,得到了体外预应力筋的应力增量,推导并总结了应用塑性铰法计算波纹钢腹板体外预应力组合箱梁极限抗

  3. Seismic vulnerability analysis of regular continuous girder bridges%规则连续梁桥地震易损性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张菊辉; 管仲国

    2014-01-01

    Structural performance indices for regular continuous girder bridges under different damage states were discussed based on the displacement ductility ratio.On the OpenSees platform,a structural dynamic analysis model was established by using nonlinear fiber beam elements.100 earthquake ground motion records were selected,and the nonlinear time-history analysis was performed,thus the fragility curves under different damage states were constructed. Through parametric analysis,the effects of pier height,bearing types and transverse reinforcement ratios on the fragility curves were studied.The results show that the development degree of ductility of the continuous bridge has a great effect on the structural seismic vulnerability.The fragility curves obtained under minor damage and moderate damage seem to be very close;while under extensive damage,the bridge shows a good performance against earthquake forces.With the increase of pier height,the lower level of damage probability of the structure is observed;meanwhile,the improvement in the fragility by using the plate rubber bearings is excellent for a short-pier bridge,but very limited for a high-pier one. The effect of increasing the transverse reinforcement ratio on fragility curves can be neglected for structural damage in early stage,but it can significantly increase the structural capacity from collapse.%基于位移延性比探讨规则连续梁桥在不同损伤状态下的结构性能控制指标;基于OpenSees平台采用纤维模型建立结构动力分析模型,选取100条强震记录通过非线性时程反应分析计算结构地震易损性曲线。研究不同墩高、支座形式及配箍率对结构地震易损性影响,结果表明,连续梁桥的地震易损性受延性发育程度影响较大,发生中等与轻微破坏概率较相近,对严重破坏有较好的耐损性;结构耐损性随墩高的增大而增加;采用板式橡胶支座可显著提高矮墩桥梁的耐损性,对

  4. Analysis of Influence Factors of Structure Stability for SingleColumn Pier Continuous Girder Bridge%独柱墩连续梁桥的稳定影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴玉华; 蔡若红; 杨育人

    2011-01-01

    Taking the case of Jinhua-Taizhou section of zhuyong highway, 23 simulation models of single-column pier continuous girder bridge were established by MIDAS finite element program. The major factors which would affect the stability of curved girder bridge, such as the radius of curvature, the length of bridge, the space between two bearings and the offset distance of bearing placed on the single-column pier etc. The results show that the radius of curvature has great effect on the negative counter-force of bearing. The bearing separation is likely to occur when the radius of curvature is less than 200 m and the length of bridge is greater than 100 m. That the appropriate layout offset distance of bearing and enlargement of the space between bearings can assure lower possibility of bearing separation and enhance the ability of bridge performance against overturning.%以诸永高速金华台州段工程为例,采用MIDAS有限元分析程序,构建了23座独柱墩连续箱梁桥的仿真模型,系统分析和总结了影响弯梁桥稳定性的主要影响因素,如曲率半径、桥梁长度、联端支座间距、独柱墩支座预设偏心等.结果表明:桥梁曲率半径对支座负反力影响很大,当曲率半径小于200 m,桥梁长度大于100 m时较易发生支座脱空现象;增大联端支座间距,合理设置支座偏心距,可减小支座出现脱空的可能性,提高桥梁的抗倾覆能力.

  5. 黄冈公铁两用长江大桥钢桁梁杆件制造关键技术%Key Techniques for Manufacturing of Members of Steel Truss Girder of Huanggang Changjiang River Rail-cum-Road Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷红

    2013-01-01

    The main bridge of Huanggang Changjiang River Rail-cum-Road Bridge is a steel truss girder cable-stayed bridge with double pylons and double cable planes.The chord and web members of the main truss of the bridge were designed as the ones of parallelogram sections.To guarantee the manufacturing quality of the members,the key techniques for the manufacturing were studied.The precision of the geometric dimensions of the members was guaranteed by the techniques of controlling the precision of the inclined angle grooves of the welded edges,fine adjusting the diagonal line dimensions of the diaphragms (controlling the angles of the end openings) and assembling the members on the special jig supports.The precision of the anchor tube positioning was guaranteed by the techniques of converting the spatial positioning dimensions of the anchor tubes into the plane positioning dimensions and controlling the installing,welding procedures of the anchor boxes and the installing precision of the anchor tubes.The assembling quality of the steel truss girder was guaranteed by the techniques of testing the precision of the hole groups at the inclined web member joints by the special testing templates for the web member joints.Practice proves that the key techniques applied to the manufacturing of the members effectively tackle the control problems of the members of parallelogram sections and guarantee the manufacturing precision of the steel truss girder of the bridge.%黄冈公铁两用长江大桥主桥为双塔双索面钢桁梁斜拉桥,其主桁弦杆和腹杆采用平行四边形截面.为保证主桁平行四边形截面杆件的制造质量,对其制造关键技术进行研究.通过控制杆件焊接边斜角坡口精度、微调隔板对角线尺寸(控制端口角度)、应用专用胎架组拼杆件的技术保证杆件形位尺寸的精度.通过将锚管空间定位尺寸转化为平面定位尺寸、控制锚箱安装及焊接工序、控制锚管安装精度的技术

  6. Experiment Research on Vertical Mechanical Performance of Web Plate of 32 m Simply-surpported Prestressed Concrete Box Girder on Chengdu-Dujiangyan Railway%成灌铁路跨度32 m预应力混凝土简支箱梁腹板竖向受力性能试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏永华; 马林

    2014-01-01

    我国客运专线各种标准梁型在实际应用之初均进行了实体箱梁的试验研究工作,以掌握结构的实际受力性能,对于保证箱梁的正常、安全使用起到了重要作用。以新建成灌铁路跨度32m预应力混凝土简支箱梁为研究对象,对梁端变截面处腹板在预施应力条件下的受力状态进行了计算分析和测试,对跨中等截面段腹板在模拟运梁车运梁通过工况下的受力性能进行了计算分析和静载试验。根据箱梁腹板受力性能试验研究结果,对箱梁的截面构造和预应力束布置进行了设计优化、完善,改善了腹板的竖向受力性能,静载试验结果表明在运梁、运营工况下箱梁能满足正常使用要求。%In China, experiment research on a new box girder structure is always carried out at the beginning of its practical application, so as to ascertain the actual mechanical performances of various standard girder types used on passenger dedicated lines; and this practice plays a important role in ensuring normal and safe use of the box girders. This article took the 32m simply-supported prestressed concrete box girder on newly-built Chengdu-Dujiangyan Railway as the research object. And then the calculation analysis and mechanical performance test of the web plate of variable cross-section at the girder end were conducted under the pre-stressing condition. Furthermore, calculation analysis and static load test of the mechanical performance of the web plate of uniform cross-section at the mid-span were also conducted when simulating the girder transporter passing through. Subsequently, according to the results of experiment research of vertical performance of box girder web plate, the box cross-section structure design and the layout design of prestressed steel tendon were optimized and perfected, so that the vertical performance of the web plate was able to be improved. The result of static load test indicates that

  7. Behaviors of super-long span prestressed cable-stayed bridge with CFRP cables and UHPC girder%CFRP拉索预应力超高性能混凝土斜拉桥力学性能分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方志; 任亮; 凡凤红

    2012-01-01

    To discuss the applicability of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) cables and reactive powder concrete ( RPC) in super-long span cable-stayed bridges, taking a 1 008 m cable-stayed bridge using steel girder and steel cables as example, a cable-stayed bridge with the same span using RPC (reactive powder concrete) as the girder and advanced composite material CFRP (carbon fiber reinforced polymer) as the cable was designed, in which the cable cross section was determined by the principles of equivalent cable strength and the beam cross section was determined considering the stiffness, shear capacity and local stability. Based on the method of finite element analysis, the comparative study of these two structures on their static properties, dynamic properties, stability and wind resistance were carried out. The results show that it is feasible for using RPC as the girder and CFRP as the cable so as to form a highly efficient, durable cable-stayed bridge of concrete structure and make its applicable span reach about 1 000 m long.%为了探讨碳纤维复合材料(carbon fiber reinforced polymer,CFRP)和超高性能活性粉末混凝土(reactive powder concrete,RPC)在超大跨度斜拉桥中应用的可行性,以主跨1008m的大跨度钢主梁斜拉桥设计方案为例,采用拉索的等强度原则将原桥钢索替换成CFRP索,考虑截面刚度、截面应力和局部稳定等要求,将原桥钢主梁替换成RPC主梁,拟订了一座等跨度的CFRP拉索、RPC主梁斜拉桥方案.采用有限元法分别对两种方案结构的静力特性、动力特性、稳定性能以及抗风性能等进行了分析与比较.结果表明:从结构受力性能角度而言,采用超高性能混凝土主梁和CFRP拉索构成千米级跨度混凝土斜拉桥的结构体系是可行的.

  8. 重复荷载下高铁24 m箱梁模型试验研究%Experimental Research on the Static Performance of High-speed Railway Box Girder Model Under Repeated Loading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛继平; 王志强; 彭大文; 严平

    2013-01-01

    对高速铁路中广泛应用的预应力混凝土简支箱梁进行了多级重复荷载下的模型试验.试验的主要测试结果包括2种加载方式下梁的裂缝宽度和裂缝分布展开情况,荷载-挠度曲线和弯矩-转角曲线,混凝土和普通钢筋的应变分布等.研究结果表明:混凝土首先在跨中底板出现裂缝,然后慢慢向腹板扩展.在纯弯段,裂缝间距分布比较均匀.在施加荷载超过开裂荷载不多的情况下卸载,裂缝在预应力筋的作用下能够闭合.箱梁的最终破坏现象是混凝土顶板的压溃爆裂,跨中极限位移为跨径的1/55.重复加载下的荷载位移曲线的包络线有3个拐点,分别对应于混凝土开裂,钢筋屈服,预应力筋屈服;而重复荷载下的弯矩转角曲线在整个过程中有一个拐点,对应于预应力筋的屈服.%The simply supported prestressed concrete box model of widely applied high-speed railway girder under repeated loading is tested.Two cases,including larger loading space and smaller loading space are included in the three-point bending tests.The experiment is focus on the width and distribution of cracks,the load-deflection curve and moment-rotation curve,and strain distribution of concrete and steel.The test results show that the concrete cracks first appear in the bottom plate of the box girder,and then slowly extend to the web.In the area of pure bending,spacing distribution of cracks is relatively uniform.When the load is little bigger than the cracking load,cracks can be closed under the action of the prestressed tendons.The final damage phenomenon of box girder is crush and hurst in the concrete roof plate and the ratio of limit displacement to span is about 1/55.Under the repeated loading,the envelope of load-displacement curve has three inflection points,respectively corresponding to the cracking of concrete,the yield of reinforcement,and the yield of prestressed strand wires; while the envelope of moment

  9. 高速列车运行对铁路简支箱梁空气动力特性的影响%Inf luence of high speed train running on aerodynamic characteristics of railway simple-supported box-girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖军; 李小珍; 刘德军

    2015-01-01

    列车—桥梁系统的空气动力特性不仅受组合断面上的气动绕流影响,而且在顺桥向列车对桥梁的影响还呈现出非均匀性及动态变化。以高速列车通过铁路双线32 m 简支梁桥为例,分析头车前35 m至尾车后35 m范围内的桥梁三分力系数变化规律,得到了高速列车运行对该型桥梁不同位置断面空气动力特性的影响规律。研究发现,在任意时刻列车对铁路桥梁的空气动力特性影响都可划分为覆盖区、过渡区和无影响区3个区段,且随着列车在桥上的运行,列车对桥梁的影响区域在动态变化。提出了一种移动窗口模型方法来动态更新桥梁不同部位的气动力系数。该方法真正实现了列车—桥梁系统的动态气动耦合,能够更为精确地模拟风—车—桥系统耦合分析中的动态风荷载。%T he aerodynamic characteristics of train-bridge system are affected by the aerodynamic flow on a hybrid cross section and the effect of vehicle on bridge presents a non-homogeneous and dynamic variation along the bridge direction. T aking the high speed train passing through railway double line 32 m simple-supported box-girder bridge as an example,the variation law of bridge three-component aerodynamic coefficients from 35 m ahead first vehicle to 35 m behind the last vehicle was analyzed and the influence law of high speed train movement on aerodynamic characteristics of different bridge cross section was obtained. T he results indicated that effect of train on aerodynamic characteristics of railw ay bridge could be divided into 3 sections including the coverage area,the transition zone and the non-influence area at any time and the influence area changes dynamically with the train passing through the bridge. T his paper presented a moving window model to dynamically update the aerodynamic coefficients of different bridge parts and has realized the dynamic aerodynamic coupling of vehicle-bridge

  10. Research on the Anticorrosion Coating Under the Paved Layer for Highway Steel Box Bridge Deck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Cheng-jin; MING Tu-zhang; HU Guang-wei; OU Xue-mei; GEN Ou

    2006-01-01

    The corrosion of the anticorrosion coating and the defects of the asphalt concrete paved layer have been investigated on long-span steel box bridge decks. The anticorrosion coating lies in the middle of two entirely different materials: a highway steel box bridge deck and a paved layer, which is used as anticorrosion and waterproof coating for the steel bridge deck. For our study, electrochemical corrosion and pull strength experiments have been selected for the investigation of the corrosion properties of inorganic zinc rich coating, epoxy zinc rich coating and arc sprayed zinc coating. The adhesive strength between the coatings and the panel, and the effect of the coating corrosion on the shear properties of the paved layers including cast asphalt, thermal asphalt mortar, epoxy asphalt and modified asphalt concrete have been investigated. The results show that the adhesive strength between the coatings and the bridge panel is controlled by the method of pre-processing rust removal. Coating by sandblasting has stronger adhesive strength than coating by shot peening. The results also reveal that shear strength of the paved layer is affected by the corrosion product of zinc coating. The arc sprayed zinc coating has stronger shear strength than zinc rich coatings.

  11. 混凝土曲线梁桥双向规则性判别参数影响分析探讨%Bidirectional Regularity Discriminant Parameter Impact Analysis for Concrete Curve Girder Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王忠欲; 程鹏; 罗德专

    2013-01-01

    为给我国桥梁抗震设计规范的修订提供参考资料,从抗震设计反应谱理论角度,通过改变地震动的输入方向,引入抗侧力桥墩的“相对墩底剪力比”参数来判别混凝土曲线梁桥的双向规则性,探讨了圆心角、曲线半径、跨径、跨宽比和跨高比等结构参数变化对混凝土曲线梁桥横桥向和纵桥向规则性地震行为的影响规律.研究表明:圆心角是影响混凝土曲线梁桥双向规则性的主要因素,而跨径、跨宽比和跨高比等参数的影响可以忽略,曲线半径不应作为定义规则曲线梁桥的参数;曲线梁桥当满足单跨圆心角φ小于35°,且多跨一联累计圆心角φ小于55°时具有双向规则性,规则曲线梁桥的地震力可比拟为等参的直线桥进行简化抗震计算,计算结果偏于保守.%Aimed at providing references for Chinese seismic design code revision, from seismic design response spectrum theory of view, by changing input direction of ground motion, "relative pier shear ratio" parameter of resist lateral force piers is introducied to judge concrete curve girder bridge's bidirectional directions regularity.This study conducts structure parameters change affecting the lateral and longitudinal regularity seismic behavior of concrete curve girger bridge, such as central angle, curve radius, span, the span-width ratio and span-height ratio parameter, etc.Research shows: Central angle parameter is the major factor affecting the bidirectional regularity of concrete curve girder bridge, while the influences by span, span-width ratio and span-height ratio parameters can be ignored ; Curve radius should not be used to define regular curve girder bridge as one parameter; As a curve girder bridge meets the central angle φ less than 35 degrees, meanwhile the accumulative total of central angle of multispans Ψ less than 55 degrees, It satisfies bidirectional regularity,so it can be analyzed by simplified antiseismic

  12. 钢主梁拱桥组合桥面系力学性能分析%MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS OF COMPOSITE DECK FLOOR OF ARCH BRIDGE WITH STEEL GIRDER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏庆田; 李杰; 董冰

    2012-01-01

    钢-混凝土组合结构桥面系近几年开始在拱桥结构中使用,拱桥中组合桥面系受力复杂,其力学性能受钢与混凝土是否连接、是否张拉系杆以及混凝土的浇注顺序等影响.该文采用空间有限元模型,开展了钢主梁拱桥组合桥面系的力学性能研究.研究表明:在钢主梁拱桥结构中混凝土桥面板与钢主梁是否结合对桥面系的整体受力影响甚微,只对桥面系局部位置的混凝土桥面板应力分布有所影响;拱桥中是否安装系杆对桥面系的受力影响较大,而且桥面系的受力与系杆张拉力有密切关系;对于组合桥面系的拱桥采用一次浇筑混凝土桥面板施工方法的桥面系受力要明显优于采用分段浇筑混凝土桥面板的方法.%A steel-concrete composite deck has been used in acrh bridges recently. The mechanism of a composite deck is complex, and was affected by the factors of setting connections between concrete decks and steel girder or not, setting tied bars or not, different deck concrete casting sequences etc. In this paper, mechanical behaviors of a composite deck floor of an arch bridge with steel girders are analyzed by a spatial finite element model. The research results show that whether setting connections between concrete decks and a steel girder or not slightly affects the total mechanical behavior of a deck floor but influents the local stress of the deck; whether setting tied bar affects the deck floor mechanical property greatly and the deck floor stress depends on the tension force of tied bars heavily; as to arch bridge with a composite deck floor, the mechanical behavior of deck floors with casting deck concrete by one time is superior to that of deck floors with casting deck concrete by several times.

  13. Study of Aerodynamic Parameters of Truss Girder Bridge with Inverted Trapezoid Section Under Skew Wind%斜向风作用下倒梯形桁梁桥气动力参数研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑史雄; 张龙奇; 张向旭; 张俊明

    2015-01-01

    To study the influences of the aerodynamic parameters on the aerodynamic charac‐teristics of the rail‐cum‐road truss girder bridge with inverted trapezoid section under skew wind , two kinds of the truss girder models with inverted trapezoid sections of different dimensions were selected and the wind tunnel tests for the models under various combined cases of the completed bridge and construction state ,wide range of wind yawed angles (0°~180°) and different wind at‐tack angle flow were carried out .The five‐component force coefficients of the models were meas‐ured and the test values were compared to the results of the traditional skew wind decomposition theory .The results of the tests show that the maximum values of the force coefficients of the transverse bridge direction all appear at the wind yawed angle of about 15° while the maximum val‐ues of the force coefficients of the longitudinal bridge direction appear at the yawed angle of about 60° .For the truss girder bridge with such type of the trapezoid section ,the wind from the trans‐verse bridge direction is not necessarily the worst flow in the calculation of the transverse bridge wind‐induced response and the wind force of the longitudinal bridge direction can not be ignored . The comparison of the wind tunnel test results to the skew wind decomposition theory tells that the ratios of the force coefficients of the transverse and longitudinal bridge directions obtained by the tests and the decomposition theory have certain deviations .%为研究气动力参数对倒梯形断面公铁两用桁梁桥在斜向风作用下气动特性的影响,采用2种不同断面尺寸的倒梯形断面桁梁模型,针对成桥状态与施工状态,在大范围风偏角(0°~180°)与不同风攻角来流条件多种组合工况下进行风洞试验,测量其五分力系数,并将试验值与传统斜向风分解理论结果进行对比。试验结果表明:横桥向力系数最大

  14. 悬索桥板桁结合型加劲梁剪力滞计算的简化方法%Simplified Calculation Method for Shear Lag of Plate and Truss Composite Stiffening Girder of Suspension Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈锐利; 颜智法; 唐茂林; 朱军颖

    2015-01-01

    T he simplified calculation method for the shear lag of floor system of the plate and truss composite stiffening girder of suspension bridge was researched in the light of the shear lag characteristics of such type of the structure because the work load of modeling for calculating the shear lag ,using the plate and shell finite element method was enormous and the working efficiency was low .In the simplified method ,the truss in the floor system was converted into a continuous thin‐wall girder by the equivalent beam method and the finite element model of the single main girder suspension bridge that could consider the shear deformation influences w as set up .Based on the variational calculus ,the loading influential intervals that considered the structural geometric nonlinearity influences were taken as the span length of an equivalent simply‐supported girder ,the live load ,suspender forces and bearing reaction forces acting on the intervals were taken as the loads and the shear lag under the action of the combination load was solved on the principle of su‐perposition .By way of example of a railway suspension bridge to be built ,the ANSYS was used to set up the plate and shell finite element model for the w hole bridge of the bridge and the calculation of the shear lag of the model w as analyzed and compared to that implemented by the simplified method .The results of the analysis and comparison proved that the simplified method has high cal‐culation accuracy .%针对采用板壳有限元方法计算悬索桥板桁结合型加劲梁桥面系剪力滞的建模工作量巨大、效率低下的情况,根据该类结构剪力滞的特性,研究其简化计算方法。该方法采用换算梁法将板桁结合桥面系桁梁换算为连续薄壁梁;建立能够考虑剪切变形影响的单主梁悬索桥有限元模型;以变分法为基础,将考虑了结构几何非线性影响的加载影响区间作为等效简支梁的跨

  15. Behaviour of parallel girders stabilised with U-frames

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Virdi, Kuldeep; Azzi, Walid

    2010-01-01

    Lateral torsional buckling is a key factor in the design of steel girders. Stability can be enhanced by cross-bracing, reducing the effective length and thus increasing the ultimate capacity. U-frames are an option often used to brace the girders when designing through type of bridges and where...... overhead bracing is not practical. This paper investigates the effect of the U-frame spacing on the stability of the parallel girders. Eigenvalue buckling analysis was undertaken with four different spacings of the U-frames. Results were extracted from finite element analysis, interpreted and conclusions...

  16. Study on the shock absorbing technique of high speed railway bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Chenggen; Gao Ri

    2011-01-01

    Based on the idea of "bearing function separation", a structural member called shock absorber that makes use of its plastic deformation is presented for reducing the seismic response of the bridge. The design criterion for matching material stress, strain and earthquake fortification aim, is also given. The analysis results show that the high speed railway box girder with the absorber in this paper has great reduction effect in seismic response of the bridge piers.

  17. Box girder vertical displacement monitoring for Xujiawan continuous rigid aqueduct water filling test%徐家湾连续刚构渡槽充水试验箱梁竖向位移监测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张健; 钟伟

    2016-01-01

    为了检验徐家湾连续刚构渡槽箱梁的安全性能,经过近42天5级加载充水试验,监测结果表明:徐家湾渡槽箱梁竖向位移与设计理论值一致,渡槽施工质量良好,结构安全。其成果可供类似连续刚构渡槽充水试验参考。%In order to check the safety of box girder of Xujiawan continuous rigid aqueduct,5-grade loading water filling test was conducted for nearly 45 days. The results of monitoring demonstrate the vertical displacement is identical with the design value,the construction quality is good,and the structure is safe. The results also can be reference for water filling test of similar rigid aqueduct.

  18. 侵蚀性环境下桥梁CFRP/BFRP加固后的长期性能试验%Experiment for Long-term Performance of Bridge Girders Strengthened with CFRP/BFRP Sheets and Subjected to Erosion Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晓燕; 董伟伟; 王海龙; 何世钦

    2013-01-01

    为了研究侵蚀性环境下服役桥梁构件采用纤维材料加固后的长期性能,对11根具有初始锈蚀损伤的钢筋混凝土梁式构件采用碳纤维布(CFRP)和玄武岩纤维布(BFRP)加固后继续退化的承载力及服役性能进行试验.通过对加固后构件进行电化学加速锈蚀和盐液浸润干湿循环模拟不同程度的后续服役性能退化,研究侵蚀性环境对CFRP和BFRP加固构件在不同后续服役期的承载力、刚度等性能影响规律,同时对比了2种加固材料的耐久性能和成本效益.结果表明:侵蚀性环境下加固后的桥梁构件承载能力评估需综合考虑钢筋锈蚀引起的承载力降低和侵蚀性环境对纤维利用效率的降低;CFRP对刚度提高显著,而BFRP加固具有更好的延性;考虑加固后长期服役性能,CFRP加固后具有较好的耐久性,而BFRP具有较高的成本效益.%To investigate the long-term performance of existing bridge girders strengthened with fiber reinforced plastics (FRP) sheets and subjected to erosion environment, the bearing capacity and service performance experiments of 11 reinforced concrete (RC) girders, which were strengthened with carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) and basalt fiber reinforced polymer (BFRP) sheets after initial corrosion damage, were conducted. Different subsequent performance degradations for strengthened girders were simulated through electrochemical accelerated corrosion together with wet/dry cycles of salt solution. The effect of environmental erosion on capacity, stiffness and other parameters of CFRP/BFRP strengthened girders in different follow-up service time was tested. The durabilities and costs of the two strengthening materials were also investigated. The results show that the capacity evaluation of bridge girders strengthened with FRP sheets should consider the effect of rebar corrosion together with the environmental reduction of FRP strengthening; the CFRP strengthening improves

  19. 基于两水平设防的连续梁桥抗震性能分析%Seismic Performance Analysis of Continuous Girder Bridge Based on Two-level Design Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓小伟

    2012-01-01

    According to the new ideas and new methods by guidelines for seismic design of highway bridges (JTG / T B02-01-2008) , with the background of a continuous girder bridge in the area of 7 degree earthquake intensity, an elastic-plastic finite element model is established for dynamic characteristics analysis, seismic response spectrum analysis and nonlinear time history analysis, to reveal the force and deformation under earthquake action of two levels. Furthermore, the seismic performance is evaluated to provide a reference for seismic design of bridges.%根据《公路桥梁抗震设计细则》(JTG/T B02—01—2008)中的抗震设防新理念和新方法,以Ⅶ度区某连续梁桥为工程背景,建立了弹塑性有限元模型,依次进行了动力特性分析、地震反应谱分析和非线性时程分析,揭示了两级地震作用下桥梁的受力及变形情况,并对桥梁的抗震性能进行了评价,可供桥梁抗震设计参考.

  20. Practical assessment of magnetic methods for corrosion detection in an adjacent precast, prestressed concrete box-beam bridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Bertrand; Titus, Michael; Nims, Douglas Karl; Ghorbanpoor, Al; Devabhaktuni, Vijay Kumar

    2013-06-01

    Magnetic methods are progressing in the detection of corrosion in prestressing strands in adjacent precast, prestressed concrete box-beam bridges. This study is the first field trial of magnetic strand defect detection systems on an adjacent box-beam bridge. A bridge in Fayette County, Ohio, which was scheduled for demolition, was inspected. Damage to prestressed box-beams is often due to corrosion of the prestressing strands. The corroded strands show discontinuities and a reduced cross-sectional area. These changes, due to corrosion, are reflected in the magnetic signatures of the prestressing steel. Corrosion in the prestressing steel was detected using two magnetic methods, namely the 'magnetic flux leakage' (MFL) and the 'induced magnetic field'. The purpose of these tests was to demonstrate the ability of the magnetic methods to detect hidden corrosion in box-beams in the field and tackle the logistic problem of inspecting box-beams from the bottom. The inspections were validated by dissecting the bottom of the box-beams after the inspections. The results showed that the MFL method can detect hidden corrosion and strand breaks. Both magnetic field methods were also able to estimate corrosion by detecting the effective cross-sectional area of the strand in sections of the beams. Thus, it was shown that the magnetic methods can be used to predict hidden corrosion in prestressing strands of box-beams.

  1. 基于土-结构相互作用的隔震连续梁桥的地震响应%Seismic response of isolated continuous girder bridges based on soil-pile-bridges interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈水生; 马涌泉

    2012-01-01

    Taking the three spans isolated continuous girder bridges for the engineering background, Bouc-Wen restoring force model is adopted to simulate the nonlinear characteristics for LRB, multi-story liner system concentrated quality finite clement analytic model considering SSI is established, and the time-history analysis procedure of the Wilson- θ step-by-step integration method used to solve the increment form nonlinear governing equation of motion considering SSI is programmed. We make a contrastive analysis based on before and after isolated bridges model of considering SSI and rigid foundation hypotheses by combining the procedure with calculation example. The results indicate that the considering SSI has larger value on the seismic response than the rigid foundation, but the seismic response value has no great difference between two models under pulse of type Ⅰ and Ⅱ- The considering SSI has larger value on the seismic response than the rigid foundation under pulse of type Ⅲ, so the SSI can not be neglected in the isolated seismic design of bridges under pulse of type Ⅲ. The LRB isolated rate has insensitive to considering SSI or not, and LRB isolated rate has no great difference between two models under the same type of pulse, but the effect of LRB under pulse of typeⅠ and Ⅱis superior to effect of LRB under pulse of type Ⅲ.%以典型三跨隔震连续梁桥为工程背景,采用Bouc-Wen滞回恢复力模型,模拟LRB( lead rubber bearings)的力-位移非线性特性,建立了考虑土-结构相互作用的多质点系集中质量有限元计算模型,编制了运用Wilson-θ逐步积分法求解增量形式的土结构体系非线性运动方程的时程分析程序,利用程序并结合算例分别对考虑土-结构相互作用与按照墩底固结假设的两种桥梁模型进行了隔震前后的时程对比分析.结果表明:在Ⅰ、Ⅱ类场地土上,考虑土结构相互作用与按照墩底固结假设相比,前者得到的地震响

  2. 大跨径斜拉桥塔墩梁固结处空间受力分析%Analysis of Spatial Mechanical Behavior of Pylon, Girder and Pier Rigid Fixity Structures of Long-span Cable-stayed Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄力; 刘志权; 石雪飞

    2012-01-01

    The Huaihe and Five Rivers Bridge of Anhui is hybrid girder cable-stayed bridge, with span arrangement (246 +125) m and single tower double cable planes tower pier beam consolidation system. Midas/ Civil is used to establish a space truss model for the overall analysis to determine the most unfavorable parts of the tower-pier-beam loading conditions. With the large general-purpose finite element software ANSYS, three-dimensional solid model tower-pier-beam consolidation is established, which provides scientific and theoretical basis for the design and construction.%安徽五河淮河桥大桥为混合梁斜拉桥,跨径布置为(246+125)m,为独塔双索面塔墩梁固结体系.利用Midas/Civil建立空间杆系模型进行整体静力分析,确定塔墩梁部位四种最不利荷载工况,得到其活载影响线加载位置和荷载大小.再利用大型通用有限元软件ANSYS建立塔墩梁固结处三维实体模型进行受力分析,为设计与施工提供科学理论依据.

  3. 基于梁格法的某简支板梁桥荷载研究%Probe: Load of a Simple-supported Plate Girder Bridge Based on Grillage Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋书军; 李辉

    2012-01-01

    Using the finite element software "MIDAS" and taking a simplified plate girder bridge as an example,the whole space grillage is modeled in this paper.The static characteristics and dynamic characteristics are analyzed,and the corresponding theorey is reviewd.The comparison test shows that the overall stiffness and carrying capacity of the bridge are improved particulary in terms of safty tolerance.%以某简支板梁桥为例,利用桥梁专用有限元软件MIDAS/CIVIL建立全桥空间梁格模型,分析了该桥的静力特性、动力特性,得到相应的理论值,并与实测值进行比较,对新建桥梁结构做出性能评估.结果表明:该桥整体刚度较大,承载能力较好,结构具有一定的安全储备.

  4. Replacement of roller-track girder on overburden conveying bridge F60 at the Walzow opencast mine of LAUBAG; Rollbahntraegerwechsel an der Abraumfoerderbruecke F60 im Tagebau Welzow der Lausitzer Braunkohle AG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arnold, E. [LAUBAG, Senftenberg (Germany); Nies, G. [MAN TAKRAF Foerdertechnik GmbH, Lauchhammer (Germany)

    1996-11-01

    After an operating time of about 20 years damage, mainly in the form of cracks in welds, occurs on the roller-track girders of the overburden conveying bridges. The causes of this damage are the quality of the H 45/60 steel that is used and the structural design of this assembly. In order to ensure safe operation of the conveying bridge until such time as the Welzow-South opencast mine is worked-out, the main over-run sections were replaced. Including all secondary and auxiliary structures, about 700 t of steel structure had to be fabricated anew. This entire replacement campaign was accompanied by a number of quality assurance measures in order to preclude any subsequent reworking, which would entail great expense. (orig.) [Deutsch] Nach ca. 20jaehriger Betriebszeit kommt es an den Rollbahntraegern der Abraumfoerderbruecken zu Schaeden, hauptsaechlich zu Schweissnahtrissen. Ursachen dafuer sind die Qualitaet des eingesetzten Stahles H 45/60 und die konstruktive Gestaltung dieser Baugruppe. Um die Foerderbruecke bis zum Auslaufen des Tagebaues Welzow-Sued sicher betreiben zu koennen, wurden die Hauptueberrollbereiche ausgetauscht. Einschliesslich aller Neben- und Hilfskonstruktionen mussten ca. 700 t Stahlbau neu gefertigt werden. Die gesamte Massnahme wurde begleitet von einer Reihe Qualitaetssicherungsmassnahmen, um jegliche Nacharbeit, die sehr aufwendig waere, auszuschliessen. (orig.)

  5. Comparative Analysis of Synchronous and Asynchronous Construction of Tower and girder of Yongjiang Railway Cable Stayed Bridge%甬江铁路斜拉桥索塔塔梁同异步施工方法对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓东; 陈平

    2016-01-01

    The extra-long bridge of Yongjiang River is a domestic first large-span railway cable-stayed bridge with hybrid girder and 177.91 m diamond-type tower. In order to analyze the impact of synchronous and asynchronous constructions of tower and girder on the stress state and linearity of the tower, a finite element model is established to simulate the entire construction process. The comparative analysis reveals that the stress and line of the tower resulted from the two construction methods are of some difference, and both methods meet design requirement, but the asynchronous construction method can save much time. According to the comparative analysis and the actual lagging of the south cable-tower, the south tower and the north tower employ synchronous and asynchronous construction methods respectively, and as a consequence, the synchronization of progress and good economic and social benefits are obtained.%甬江特大桥为国内首座铁路大跨度钢箱混合梁斜拉桥,钻石形索塔高177.91 m。通过建立索塔与下横梁同、异步施工有限元模型,模拟分析同、异步施工对索塔受力状态及线形的影响。对比分析表明,同、异步施工的索塔受力及线形略有差异,均能满足设计要求,而异步施工较同步在工期上有较大优势。根据对比分析及南岸索塔工期滞后的实际情况,甬江特大桥南北岸索塔分别采用了塔梁异步与塔梁同步的施工方法,最后实现工期的同步,收到了良好的经济与社会效益。

  6. Active Control of Suspension Bridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thoft-Christensen, Palle

    In this paper some recent research on active control of very long suspension bridges, is presented. The presentation is based on research work at Aalborg University, Denmark. The active control system is based on movable flaps attached to the bridge girder. Wind load on bridges with or without...... flaps attached to the girder is briefly presented. A simple active control system is discussed. Results from wind tunnel experiments with a bridge section show that flaps can be used effectively to control bridge girder vibrations. Flutter conditions for suspension bridges with and without flaps...

  7. Safety Evaluation of Structural Behaviors for Overweight Vehicle to Cross Prestressed Concrete Hollow Plate Girder Bridge%预应力混凝土空心板桥在特重车通过时结构性能安全评定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凯; 刘建磊

    2014-01-01

    Based on the project of an overweight vehicle weighed 400 t crossed prestressed con-crete hollow plate girder bridge,the overall stiffness and strength of the bridge was evaluated by static load test on site.Combine with the result of static load test,the bearing capacity of the bridge was checked by using the established girder model,bent cap model and pier model with bridge finite element calcula-tion.The shear strength of hollow plate hinge joint was checked by referring to the existing literature.The safety evaluation conclusion was put forward on the basis of bridge status and finite element calculation which ensured the overweight vehicle to cross hollow plate girder bridge safety.%以一质量达400 t的特重车通过预应力混凝土空心板梁桥项目为背景,通过现场对桥梁检测、静载试验,评估了桥梁的整体强度和刚度。结合试验结果,运用桥梁专用有限元分析软件分别建立梁体模型及盖梁墩柱模型进行结构承载能力验算,并参考现有文献对空心板铰缝抗剪强度进行相应验算。综合桥梁现状及有限元验算结果,对空心板梁桥提出安全评定结论,确保了特重车安全通过桥梁。

  8. 流线型闭口箱梁断面风荷载空间相关性试验研究%Spatial correlation of wind loads for cross-section of a streamlined closed box girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冠华; 赵林; 葛耀君

    2012-01-01

    对典型流线型闭口箱梁断面的风荷载效应进行同步测压风洞试验,比较了来流平均风速、湍流度、风攻角、展向间距等不同参数条件下风荷载在空间分布状况,对风速及其荷载效应的空间相关性进行深入研究,从时、频域两个方面来尝试分析现象及原因,探讨影响因素,证实升力、扭矩的展向相关性远大于风速、阻力的相关性,并发现升力与扭矩的相关性规律相似,风速与阻力相关性规律相似;验证了传统随机抖振动气动力理论所存在的不足.%The simultaneous measurement of wind load pressures on a streamline closed box girder's cross-section was conducted with pressure scanning valves in Tongji University wind tunnel, the spatial distribution states of wind load were compared, the reasons for the phenomena were explored, under different wind average speed, turbulence intensity, wind attack angle and span-wise distance. The spatial correlation between wind speed and its load effect was studied in both time domain and frequency one. With correlation coefficient and coherence function, the mechanism and influence factors were analyzed. It was elaborated and confirmed that the span-wise correlations of lift force and torsion moment are much greater than those of wind speed and drag force, and there is a similar law to the correlation of lift force and that of torsion moment, a similar law to the correlation of wind speed and that of drag force. The shortcomings of the traditional random aerodynamic buffeting theory were verified.

  9. Assistant pullback technique for main span closure of Sutong Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Ming; Luo Chengbin; Wu Qihe; Zhang Yongtao; You Xinpeng

    2009-01-01

    Sutong Bridge is a cable-stayed steel box girder bridge with a main span of 1 088 m. The erection of upper structure adopts geometry control method and requires no change to the unit's size and the structure's none-stress geometry. Before main span closure, the cantilever of girder reaches 540.8 m, the structure state is noticeably influenced by external circumstances, the main span closure face great difficulty. By abstracting the advantage of the pullback method abroad and the domestic temperature-cutting method, a new assistant pullback method have put forward and bring into practice actually. In this paper, the analysis key point of practice conditions, key parameter of practice, main measures of the method and the performance is introduced.

  10. Simulation Study on Train-Induced Vibration Control of a Long-Span Steel Truss Girder Bridge by Tuned Mass Dampers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Train-induced vibration of steel truss bridges is one of the key issues in bridge engineering. This paper talks about the application of tuned mass damper (TMD on the vibration control of a steel truss bridge subjected to dynamic train loads. The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge (NYRB is taken as the research object and a recorded typical train load is included in this study. With dynamic finite element (FE method, the real-time dynamic responses of NYRB are analyzed based on a simplified train-bridge time-varying system. Thereinto, two cases including single train moving at one side and two trains moving oppositely are specifically investigated. According to the dynamic characteristics and dynamic responses of NYRB, the fourth vertical bending mode is selected as the control target and the parameter sensitivity analysis on vibration control efficiency with TMD is conducted. Using the first-order optimization method, the optimal parameters of TMD are then acquired with the control efficiency of TMD, the static displacement of Midspan, expenditure of TMDs, and manufacture difficulty of the damper considered. Results obtained in this study can provide references for the vibration control of steel truss bridges.

  11. 箱形梁剪力滞效应分析中的翘曲位移函数及广义内力研究%Study on warping displacement function and generalized internal force in shear lag effect analysis of box girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张元海; 康喜东; 林丽霞

    2012-01-01

    Based on the flexural theory of thin-walled box girder, the curve of quadratic parabola is proved to be the reasonable form of the warping displacement function in the shear lag effect analysis of a box girder through investigating the in-plane shear deformation and the bending shear flow distribution in the flanges. The additional deflection induced by shear lag effect is adopted as the generalized displacement. The governing differential equations and the corresponding boundary conditions for shear lag effect of box girder are established by the energy calculus of variations based on the principle of minimum poten- tial energy. The new generalized internal force is defined rigorously,and a simple and convenient formula of stress for shear lag warping is presented which has the same form as the bending stress of elementary beam. A simply supported box girder model is analyzed and the calculated results are in good agreement with the test results, validating the method and formula presented. The generalized moment for shear lag differs from the bending moment in distribution and attenuates quickly. For the simply supported box girder example under concentrated load, shear lag effect increases the mid-span deflection by 12 ~,which should be treated carefully in practice.%以薄壁箱梁的弯曲计算理论为基础,从分析翼缘板的面内剪切变形和弯曲剪力流的分布规律入手,从理论上证明二次抛物线是箱形梁剪力滞效应分析中的合理翘曲位移函数。选取剪力滞效应引起的附加挠度作为广义位移,用基于最小势能原理的能量变分法建立箱形梁剪力滞效应分析的控制微分方程和边界条件。对箱粱横截面上新出现的广义内力给出严密定义,并建立了剪力滞翘曲应力的简便计算公式,它与初等梁弯曲应力公式具有相同的形式。对一个简支箱梁模型的计算表明,计算值与实测值吻合良好,从而证实了本文的分析方

  12. 带有挑臂的双层钢桁悬索桥颤振性能风洞试验%Wind tunnel test for flutter stability of double-deck truss girder suspension bridge with cantilever beam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向活跃; 李永乐; 武兵

    2014-01-01

    为了提高加劲梁的颤振性能,针对某三塔两跨公铁两用悬索桥进行了节段模型风洞试验,探讨了多种气动措施对加劲梁颤振临界风速的影响。结果显示,在三种风攻角下,常规气动措施如增加上下桥面板中央稳定板、铁路道板及检修道开槽等措施降低了加劲梁的颤振临界风速,封闭铁路挑臂并给合上桥面板上、下中央稳定板后,加劲梁在三种风攻角下的颤振性能均大幅提高,使颤振临界风速满足要求。相关结论可为类似桥梁断面的颤振优化提供借鉴。%To improve the flutter stability of stiffened girder, the sectional model wind tunnel tests of a long span highway-railway suspension bridge with two main spans and three towers were carried out. A variety of aerodynamic measures on the flutter stability were explored. The results indicate that conventional aerodynamic measures such as the upper and lower central stabilizer, slotting rail road board and railway maintenance road reduce the critical flutter wind speed in three attack angle cases, while the flutter stability is increased significantly after closing the railway cantilever and u-sing the upper and lower central stabilizer in upper deck, which meets the requirement of standard. The conclusions can provide some references for similar bridge cross-section in the optimization of flutter stability.

  13. Parameterized Design for Bridge Crane Girder base on Time-variant Reliability%基于时变可靠性的桥式起重机主梁参数化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨瑞刚; 朱希涛

    2014-01-01

    为提高我国起重机产品的安全可靠性水平,根据桥式起重机的工作特点,针对静态可靠性方法在评估结构可靠度时没有考虑金属结构抗力和载荷效应随时间变化的情况,采用时变可靠性分析理论,结合 Visual C++6.0开发环境中的 MFC,集成 ANSYS 二次开发语言 APDL,研发了桥式起重机主梁参数化建模设计软件,为桥式起重机主梁结构时变可靠性分析提供了一种可行的方法。经验证,时变模型能更好地反映结构的实际可靠度,同时也证明了时变模型的合理性。%In order to improve the safety performance of the cranes and large machinery products,according to work characteristics of the overhead traveling crane ,Static reliability in the assessment of structure without considering the struc-tural resistance and load effects change over time,time reliability theory has been used,by using development environment MFC of Visual C++6.0,integrated the secondary development language APDL in the ANSYS software,so the overhead traveling crane bridge structure interaction parameter modeling and finite element analysis of visualization software is devel-oped,Meanwhile a feasible method of reliability analysis for the Bridge crane girder is also provided.After verify time-var-ying model can better reflect the actual reliability of the structure,and verify the time-varying model is reasonable.

  14. Design of Main Bridge of Shuangyudao Bridge in Zhangzhou Development Zone%漳州开发区双鱼岛大桥主桥设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶小兰; 李涛; 姚建军

    2013-01-01

    Main bridge of Shuangyudao Bridge in Fujian Zhangzhou Development Zone is a 36m +2×66m +36m cable-stayed bridge with single pylon and double cable planes, and its girders are fish-belly prestressed concrete continuous box girders, cable pylon is twin-dolphin gate-typed steel tower, piers are in elliptic shape and bored pile foundation is adopted. This paper introduces design of all major structures, analyzes stresses on girder, cable pylon, stayed cable and steel anchor box of the bridge by establishing finite-element integral and local computational models and introduces its construction scheme.%福建省漳州开发区双鱼岛大桥主桥为36 m+2×66 m+36 m独塔双索面斜拉桥,主梁采用鱼腹式预应力混凝土连续箱梁,索塔为双鱼门型钢塔,桥墩为椭圆造型,采用钻孔灌注桩基础.介绍该桥各主要结构的设计,通过建立有限元整体计算模型及局部计算模型对该桥主梁、索塔、斜拉索、钢锚箱的受力进行分析并对其施工方案进行介绍.

  15. Innovative configurations for long-span suspension bridges

    OpenAIRE

    Bartoli, G.; P. D’Asdia; S. Febo; C. Mannini; S. Noè; L. Procino

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports the results of a piece of research about long-span suspension bridges with multiple-box girder steel deck characterized by low drag coefficient and high aeroelastic stability. For this type of bridges, by increasing the span length, the contribution to the stiffness of the suspension cables becomes dominant with respect to that of the deck, so that the ratio of the frequency of the first torsional mode to the frequency of the first vertical bending mode approaches unity, wh...

  16. Studies on Technical Development of Railway Steel-Concrete Composite Cirider Bridges in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Steel-concrete composite girder bridge boasts the advantages of strong rigidity,low noise and low construction height.Along with the large-scale construction of passengerdedicated lines (PDL) and high-speed lines (HSL),tests and researches on steel-concrete composite girder bridges have been conducted with the main types of which including steel plate girder-concrete composite girder bridge,deck steel truss girder-concrete composite girder bridge,through steel truss girder-concrete composite girder bridge and through type tied arch composite girder bridge.Based on the application and researches on steel-concrete composite technology and in combination with the engineering construction of railway bridges,the construction of HSL and PDL and upgrading of existing lines for speed-up in China,this paper analyzes the main structural forms of through steel truss girder-concrete composite girder bridges with different spans and structure systems,carries out studies on the force acted upon these bridges and the related theory and methods for design and computation,and puts forward the solutions required in relation to the key technologies for further development of railway steel-concrete composite girder bridges.

  17. 基于梁格法的预制箱梁横向刚度模拟研究%Study of Transverse Stiffness Simulaton Based on Beam Grillage Method for Prefabricated Box Girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨圣超; 夏兴佳

    2016-01-01

    To correctly simulate the transverse stiffness of the spatial beam grillage model of the prefabricated box beam ,the right deck of the Weijiacun Zhong Bridge on the Zhunxing Heavy Load Expressway was taken as the study background ,to study the influence of the type of the vir‐tual beams in the spatial beam grillage model of a prestressed box beam on the transverse stiffness . The bridge is a 4 × 20 m prestressed concrete continuous box beam bridge ,to which full loads was applied according to the static test results gained when the bridge was completed and transferred , to test the strain and deflection of the main beam .The MIDAS Civil software was used to establish the spatial beam grillage models of the main beam with three types of virtual beams ,to calculate the main beam bending moment under the design loads and testing loads ,and the strain and deflec‐tion of the main beam under the maximum positive bending moment and the related verification co‐efficients ,and the calculated results were compared with the measured ones .The results demon‐strate that the transverse stiffness of the spatial beam grillage model show s sign of increase as the increase of the length of the rigid zone of the virtual beam and the decrease of the efficient length of the virtual beam .And when the part of the virtual beam from the center of the stringers to the in‐ner edge of the stringer webs was set as the rigid zone ,the transverse stiffness simulated by the spatial beam grillage model is the closest to the transverse stiffness of the actual bridge .%为准确模拟预制箱梁空间梁格模型的横向刚度,以准兴重载高速公路魏家村中桥右幅桥为背景,研究预制箱梁空间梁格模型中虚梁形式对横向刚度的影响。该桥为4×20 m预制混凝土连续箱梁桥,按交工静载试验满载加载,测试主梁的应变和挠度;采用M IDAS Civil软件建立3种虚梁形式的主梁空间梁格模型,计算设计荷载和试验

  18. Computational fluid dynamic analysis of flutter characteristics for self-anchored suspension bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhiwen ZHU; Zhaoxiang WANG; Zhengqing CHEN

    2008-01-01

    This paper outlines the essentials and proce-dures of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation applicable to evaluating flutter derivatives of bridge decks. An arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) description of the flow around the moving rigid box girder combined with the finite volume discretization and multi-grid algorithm is pre-sented. The proposed methods are employed to identify flutter derivatives of the bridge deck of the Sanchaji Self-anchored Suspension Bridge. The results agree well with ones from wind tunnel tests. It demonstrates accuracy and efficiency of the present method.

  19. Application of Lead Core Rubber Bearings to Seismic Mitigation and Isolation of Simply-Supported Girder Bridges%铅芯橡胶支座在简支梁桥减隔震中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋雷; 贺立新

    2012-01-01

    To study the effect of seismic mitigation and isolation of the lead core rubber bearings applied to the simply-supported girder bridges in high intensity seismic region, the Shuijing Bridge was cited as an example and was analyzed. The ANSYS was used to respectively set up the finite element models for the whole bridge of the bridge in both the seismic isolation state and non-seismic isolation state and in consideration of the ground base pile~soil interaction of the bridge, the response spectrum analysis was made, using the calculated response spectra of 10% and 2% of the 50-year exceeding probability and the time-history analysis was made as well, u-sing the seismic waves of the exceeding probability that are identical to the response spectra. The results of the analysis indicate that in the non-seismic isolation state, the displacement and internal forces of the piers of the bridge under the action of Earthquake El and E2 are great. The common plate rubber bearings can not cater for the need of strength and deformation of the piers while with the applying of the lead core rubber bearings, the displacement and internal forces of the piers are effectively reduced and sound effect of the seismic isolation has been achieved. In the analysis of the seismically-mitigated and isolated bridge, using the response spectrum analysis method and by way of considering the equivalent rigidity of the seismic isolation components in the analysis, the nonlinear issue can be simplified as the linear-elastic issue for handling.%为研究在高地震烈度区将铅芯橡胶支座应用于简支梁桥的减隔震效果,以水晶大桥为例进行分析.采用ANSYS分别建立隔震状态和非隔震状态的全桥有限元模型,考虑地基桩一土作用效应,取用50年超越概率10%和2%的计算反应谱进行反应谱分析,并取用与反应谱相同超越概率的地震波进行时程分析.分析结果表明:非隔震状态时,该桥在E1和E2地震作用下桥墩的

  20. Analysis of effective flange width of small radius curved bridge with single box and double chamber%小半径单箱双室曲线桥梁翼缘有效宽度的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方飞; 张杰; 张鲲; 张振; 方诗圣

    2013-01-01

    针对小半径单箱双室曲线梁桥的剪力滞效应以及选取其翼缘有效宽度的问题,文章依托实际工程,采用有限元软件ABAQUS建立某曲线梁桥的空间有限元模型,分析了荷载为重力、汽车荷载等共同作用下结构的变形和内力,研究不同曲率半径下,剪力滞效应及其对小半径曲线梁桥翼缘有效宽度取值的影响。结果表明:对于单箱双室箱形截面,不同半径作用下,中腹板对应的有效宽度都小于两侧宽度;相比直线桥而言,对于不同的曲率半径,内腹板对应的有效宽度大于外侧腹板;随着曲率半径的减小,各个腹板对应的有效宽度的差值也越来越大。故在确定小半径单箱双室曲线梁桥翼缘有效宽度时,可以在现行桥梁设计规范的计算宽度基础上乘以修正系数。%The shear lag effect of small radius curved bridge with single box and double chamber and the selection of the effective width of flange were studied .Based on the practical engineering ,the de-formation and the inner force of the structure under the interaction of load gravity and vehicle load were analyzed by the spatial finite element model of a curved girder bridge using the finite element software ABAQUS .The shear lag effect of small radius curved bridge with single box and double chamber under different radius of curvature and the influence on the flange’s value were studied .The results show that under the influence of different radius ,the corresponding effective width of medium web is less than bilateral web width for the section of single box and double chamber single box ;com-pared with the straight bridge ,the corresponding effective width of medial web is larger than lateral web’s under different radius of curvature ;the differences of the corresponding effective width of each web become larger and larger with the decrease of radius of curvature .In a conclusion ,the calculative width of current

  1. 乌苏大桥主桥上部结构设计与计算%Design and Calculation of Superstructure of Main Bridge of Wusu Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康晋; 肖海珠; 徐伟

    2011-01-01

    The main bridge of the Wusu Bridge is a single pylon and single cable plane cablestayed bridge with span arrangement (140+140) m and with a structural system of rigid fixity of the pylon, pier and girder. A summarized account of the design and calculation of the superstructure of the bridge is presented herewith. The main girder of the bridge is a composite girder with long cantilevers, the central part of the girder is designed as a two-cell and single-box steel girder and the steel cantilever at each side of the girder is the variable depth I-beam and is provided wiht a trough stringer at the far side, which are all topped with 25 cm thick concrete deck slabs connected with the girder via shearing studs. The part of the main girder close to the pylon is designed as a prestressed concrete box girder to facilitate the fixity of the girder with the pylon. The pylon is the single column pylon, 117 m in height. The stay cables, made up of low relaxation galvanized high strength parallel steel wire strands, are of the harp pattern cable plane arranged in the central alignment of the bridge deck. The finite element software MIDAS Civil 2006 and the SCDS programme are employed to calculate and analyze structure of the bridge. The results of the calculation and analysis indicate that the static, stability and dynamic characteristics of the bridge can meet the requirements in the relevant codes.%乌苏大桥主桥为独塔单索面斜拉桥,跨径布置为(140+140) m,采用塔、墩、梁固结体系,综述该桥上部结构设计与计算.主梁为带大挑臂的钢箱结合梁,中间钢箱梁采用单箱双室截面,两侧钢挑臂为变高度工字形梁,挑臂端部设槽形小纵梁;混凝土桥面板厚25 cm,与钢梁通过剪力钉连接;塔根部主梁采用预应力混凝土箱梁,以方便与桥塔固结;桥塔采用独柱式塔,高117 m;斜拉索为竖琴形中央平行索面布置,采用低松弛镀锌高强度平行钢丝束.采用有限元软件MIDAS Civil

  2. Evaluation of Seismic Performance of Long Span Continuous Girder Bridges Based on Seismic Isolation Design%基于减隔震设计的大跨度连续梁桥抗震性能评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李贞新; 刘高

    2011-01-01

    Nonlinear time history analysis method is adopted to analyze dynamic characteristics and seismic performance based on long span continuous girder bridges with spans of 89 m, 170 m and 89 m in high intensity region. The good hysteretic, energy-dissipation characteristics and self-restoring ability of double curvature seismic isolation bearings are simulated as well as the friction energy-dissipation characteristics of sliding bearing and damping energy-dissipation characteristics of dampers. Analytical results indicate that seismic performance can basically meet the expected design goal; seismic isolation device of double curvature spherical supports and dampers can adjust dynamic characteristics, reduce seismic response, dissipate earthquake energy and guarantee the safety of the structure.%基于高烈度区的某大跨度连续梁桥(89 m+170 m+89 m),采用非线性时程分析法进行结构动力特性及抗震性能分析.全桥均采用三维梁单元建立空间模型,对于双曲面球形减隔震支座的滞回耗能特性和自恢复功能,活动支座的摩擦耗能以及固定销剪断后的效应进行了模拟,同时模拟了阻尼器的阻尼耗能作用.研究结果表明:采用双曲面球形减隔震支座及桥台处纵向阻尼器后,结构的反应得到了很好的控制,确保了高烈度区结构的抗震安全性.

  3. Installation and Control of Large Post-tensioning Pre-stressed High-performance Concrete Box Girders for an Ore Terminal%大型后张预应力高性能混凝土箱梁在矿石码头中的应用控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马玉臣

    2011-01-01

    The use of large post-tensioning pre-stressed high-performance concrete box girders used in deepwater berths especially for ore terminals to accommodate ships of more than 250 000 tons is still unprecedented in China. The paper describes that the prestressed girders are suitable for the load and process requirements through various quality control procedures during the construction of Caofeidian Ore Terminal and the successful engineering practice ran provide references for similar projects.%大型后张预应力高性能混凝土箱梁应用在深水泊位特别是25万吨级以上的矿石码头国内尚无先例,文中阐述了该预应力梁在曹妃甸矿石码头工程施工过程中通过多方面质量控制,较好地适应了荷载和工艺要求,其成功应用可为以后类似工程提供借鉴.

  4. 某曲线梁桥双支座反力调整%A Curved Girder Bridge Double Bearing Anti-force Adjustment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘庚

    2012-01-01

    Taking interchange rubber plate with a reaction force adjustment as an example, the paper is to introduce continuous beam bridge to use steel structure as scaffold platform when rubber bearings hanging in the air or bearing shifted, changes of deck cross slope, beam body occurring displacement, and on the platform, set slid, top up (shift) beam jack, using ordered rising of jack to conduct righting, pan, adjustable slope elevation, consolidation, replacement of bearings and fallen beam in place for beam body, so that on the beam is situated in the design position step by step, in order to restore normal use of bridge.%以某立交板式橡胶支座反力调整为例,介绍连续梁桥在橡胶支座脱空或支座发生位移、桥面横坡发生变化、梁体发生各项位移时,采用钢结构作为支架构建操作平台,平台上设置滑道,顶升(移)梁体千斤顶,利用千斤顶的有序起项,对梁体进行起顶扶正、平移、调坡抬高,加固、更换支座和落梁就位,使梁体一步一步地就位于设计位置,以恢复桥梁正常使用.

  5. Field Application of Automated Power Arc Spraying System on Steel Bridge Deck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YI Chun-long; SUO Shuang-fu; SUN Zhi; PANG Xu-nan

    2004-01-01

    The effective corrosion protection coating and high productive coating equipment for steel bridge deck has been a challenge for bridge engineers for many years. An automated power arc spraying system was first designed and field applied to coating the deck of Wuhan Junshan Yangtze River Bridge in high efficiency. This steel bridge is a continuous orthotropic deck box girder cable-stayed bridge with 962 m in length and 38.8 m in width, whose width is the No. 1 in China. The whole orthotropic deck with over 35,000 m2surface area was arc-sprayed a protective coating of zinc on site, followed by a sealant and SMA paving material. The side face and bottom of box girders were arc-sprayed with aluminum in factory.Field application indicated that the newly designed automated power arc spraying system with fan nozzle and separate primary & secondary atomizing air had some advantages over the conventional arc spraying system, such as automated operation,big arc spray current, high spraying rate, big breadth of each coat, even and small atomized particles, high density and low porosity of sprayed coating, and high adhesive strength to the substrate.Working procedure of surface preparation and automated arc spraying on bridge deck were introduced, and the quality of sprayed coating is controlled strictly. Field tests proved that the application of this automated power arc spraying system is successful and suitable for coating the steel bridge deck.

  6. A multiscale finite element model validation method of composite cable-stayed bridge based on Probability Box theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Rumian; Zong, Zhouhong; Niu, Jie; Liu, Qiqi; Zheng, Peijuan

    2016-05-01

    Modeling and simulation are routinely implemented to predict the behavior of complex structures. These tools powerfully unite theoretical foundations, numerical models and experimental data which include associated uncertainties and errors. A new methodology for multi-scale finite element (FE) model validation is proposed in this paper. The method is based on two-step updating method, a novel approach to obtain coupling parameters in the gluing sub-regions of a multi-scale FE model, and upon Probability Box (P-box) theory that can provide a lower and upper bound for the purpose of quantifying and transmitting the uncertainty of structural parameters. The structural health monitoring data of Guanhe Bridge, a composite cable-stayed bridge with large span, and Monte Carlo simulation were used to verify the proposed method. The results show satisfactory accuracy, as the overlap ratio index of each modal frequency is over 89% without the average absolute value of relative errors, and the CDF of normal distribution has a good coincidence with measured frequencies of Guanhe Bridge. The validated multiscale FE model may be further used in structural damage prognosis and safety prognosis.

  7. Flutter Derivatives Identification and Aerodynamic Performance of an Optimized Multibox Bridge Deck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhida Wang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The bridge deck sections used for long-span suspension bridges have evolved through the years, from the compact box deck girders geometrical configurations to twin-box and three-box bridge decks sections. The latest generation of split and multiple-box bridge decks proved to have better aerodynamic behavior; thus further optimization methods are sought for such geometrical configurations. A new type of multibox bridge deck, consisting of four aerodynamically shaped deck boxes, two side decks for the traffic lanes and two middle decks for the railway traffic, connected between them by stabilizing beams, was tested in the wind tunnel for identifying the flutter derivatives and to verify the aerodynamic performance of the proposed multibox deck. Aerodynamic static force coefficients were measured for the multibox bridge deck model, scaled 1 : 80, for Reynolds numbers up to 5.1 × 105, under angles of attack between −8° and 8°. Iterative Least Squares (ILS method was employed for identifying the flutter derivatives of the multibox bridge deck model, based on the results obtained from the free vibration tests and based on the frequency analysis the critical flutter wind speed for the corresponding prototype of the multibox bridge was estimated at 188 m/s.

  8. ABAQUS箱型桥梁的GUI二次开发%Secondary Development for GUI of Box Girder Bridge Based on ABAQUS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王家林; 李平

    2009-01-01

    介绍了大型通用有限元软件ABAQUS的二次开发功能和利用面向对象语言Python编制参数化建模插件的原理和步骤.以变截面箱型桥梁参数化有限元建模为背景,通过ABAQUS提供的API函数和AFX GUI Toolkit工具包开发了箱梁桥参数化建模菜单和工具条,提高了箱型桥梁的有限元建模速度,为箱型桥梁的精细有限元分析提供了有力的支持.

  9. 佛陈大桥(扩建)连续钢箱梁设计%Design of Continuous Steel-box Girder in Fochen Extension Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑楷柱; 何海; 梁立农; 饶瑞

    2015-01-01

    变截面连续钢箱梁在国内应用方兴未艾,对其研究和成熟工程案例相对较少.本文从佛陈大桥(扩建)连续钢箱梁的结构、防腐、铺装、架设等方面进行深入研究并精心设计,使其很好地结合了桥位所处的环境,满足了施工工期的要求.

  10. Optimal Design for UHPC Continuous Box Girder Bridge with 400 m Main Span%主跨400 m的UHPC连续梁桥优化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘勇; 邵旭东; 詹豪

    2014-01-01

    利用超高性能混凝土(UHPC)的优越性能,提出了与之相适应的新型箱梁结构,目的是利用材料的高强度及新结构的轻型化,解决常规混凝土连续箱梁桥易开裂、下挠和自重过大、跨径难以突破300 m的难题.在原有工作的基础上,对主跨400m的UHPC连续箱梁桥进行了整体性能分析及优化设计,优化内容包括桥梁边跨长度、梁高、板厚等主要参数,以得到其合适的取值范围,根据优化结果建议:边跨与主跨跨径比范围为0.55 ~0.65;中支点梁高与主跨跨径比范围为1/20 ~ 1/25;跨中梁高与支点梁高比范围为1/1.8~1/2.3.整体性能分析结果表明:运用UHPC及新结构,能轻松实现连续梁桥400 m跨径的突破,并具有较大的整体刚度及安全储备.综合考虑长期社会经济效益,在主跨跨径300 ~ 500 m范围内,该新型结构可与斜拉桥、悬索桥等其他桥型形成强有力的竞争选型方案.

  11. 曲率半径变化对曲线梁桥粘滞阻尼器减震效果的影响%Influence of Variation of Radius of Curvature on Seismic Mitigation Effectiveness of Viscous Dampers for Curved Girder Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈树刚; 亓兴军

    2012-01-01

    The 3D FE computational model of a curved rigid-continuous composite girder bridge was established, viscous dampers were set at the positions of sliding bearings. Considered the variation of radius of curvature, the effect of variation of radius of curvature on structural response and seismic mitigation effect of viscous dampers under three ground motions in three directions was analyzed. The results show that ( 1) the dynamic response of curved girder bridge without viscous dampers related to both radius of curvature and ground motion characteristics; (2) with viscous dampers, the internal force of control point increased when the radius of curvature increased under different ground motions; (3 ) the internal force of control point and seismic mitigation ratio of displacement of main girder due to viscous dampers decreased when the radius of curvature increased under different ground motions. The research provided theoretical guidance for application of viscous dampers on curved girder bridges with different radius.%建立某曲线刚构-连续组合梁桥的空间有限元计算模型,在桥梁活动支座部位设置粘滞阻尼器,进而考虑曲率半径的变化,计算分析了结构在3条3向地震动作用下曲率半径变化对结构反应以及粘滞阻尼器减震效果的影响.结果表明:不添加阻尼器的曲线梁桥的动力反应不仅与曲线桥的曲率半径有关,而且还跟地震动特性有关;添加粘滞阻尼器后控制点内力在不同地震动作用下均随着曲线桥曲率半径的增大而增大;粘滞阻尼器对于曲线桥控制点内力和主梁位移的减震率在不同地震动作用下均随曲线桥曲率半径的增大而减小.为粘滞阻尼器在不同半径曲线梁桥上的应用提供了理论指导.

  12. 大连长山大桥主桥合拢段施工方案%Construction Program of the Main Bridge Closure Section of Dalian Changshan Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘宇

    2015-01-01

    The main bridge of Changshan Bridge is twin towers and double cable planes three-span prestressed concrete extradosed cable-stayed bridge, whose main span is 260m, so it has the largest span in the same type of bridge. The main beam uses the prestressed concrete single box three rooms streamlined flat box girder. This paper briefly introduces the construction of main beam closure section.%长山大桥工程主桥为双塔双索面三跨预应力混凝土矮塔斜拉桥,主跨260m,为国内同类型桥梁最大跨径。主梁采用预应力混凝土单箱三室流线型扁平箱梁。文章就主梁合拢段施工作简要介绍。

  13. Analysis on Impact of Viscous Damper on Longitudinal Vibration Response of Steel Truss Girder Cable-stayed Bridge%粘滞阻尼器对钢桁梁斜拉桥纵向振动响应的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁立平; 许智焰

    2015-01-01

    Guiping Yujiang River super major bridge is one of the key projects of Nanning Guangzhou railway, located in Guigang-Guiping reach of Xijiang shipping route. The main bridge crossing Yujiang River is a (36 +96 +228 +96 +36) m five span continuous steel trussed cable-stayed bridge. It’s a ballasted double track bridge with the design speed of 250 km/h. As the longitudinal unconstrained floating system is used between the girder and bridge tower of Yujiang steel truss cable-stayed bridge, train braking and earthquake will cause large longitudinal vibration displacement of gird-er and larger longitudinal bending moment of tower root, which shall have influence on normal operation and safety of the bridge. This paper takes Guiping Yujiang steel trussed cable-stayed bridge as an example, under the action of train bra-king force and earthquake, the influence of viscous damper on the structural vibration response is analyzed in detail, the results show that the viscous damper can markedly reduce the pylon top displacement and the girder displacement, hav-ing better damping effect;preferably control the internal force at joint of tower and girder, especially improve the ben-ding moment and shearing force of control section of the main tower, ensure the normal operation and safety of the bridge.%桂平郁江特大桥是南宁至广州铁路的重点工程之一,位于西江航运干线贵港至桂平河段,跨郁江主桥为(36+96+228+96+36)m五跨连续钢桁斜拉桥。设计速度250 km/h,为有砟轨道双线桥梁。由于桂平郁江钢桁斜拉桥的主梁和桥塔间采用纵向无约束的漂浮体系,列车制动及地震会引起主梁纵向较大的振动位移和桥塔根部较大的纵向弯矩,影响桥梁的正常使用和安全。文章以桂平郁江钢桁斜拉桥为例,对钢桁梁斜拉桥在列车制动力和地震作用下,粘滞阻尼器对结构振动响应的影响进行了详细的分析,结果表明:粘滞阻尼器能显著减小

  14. 考虑缆-梁联合作用的自锚式悬索桥恒载状态计算方法研究%Study on the calculation method of the dead load state for the self-anchored suspension bridge considering the joint action of cable-stiffening girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王邵锐; 周志祥; 高燕梅; 唐辉

    2015-01-01

    In most calculation methods for the reasonable finished bridge state of self-anchored suspension bridge, the combined action of cable-stiffening girder can not be considered in a single model, so repeated manual iteration or model boundary condition modification are usually adopted. For this reason, an analytical calculation method considering the combined action of cable-stiffening girder is proposed. Based on the stiffening girder deflection theory, the differential equilibrium equations, geometric equations, and the physical equations of the stiffening girder are used to derive the analytic relationship between the stiffening girder alignment and the suspender force. The end reaction force of the main cable is calculated from the suspender force using the segmental catenary theory. The solutions that meet the compatibility condition of the suspender force and the end reaction of the main cable is obtained by the iteration method. The calculation results by the proposed method agree well with the theoretical reasonable finished bridge state satisfying the principle of minimum potential energy of stiffening girder. The proposed method has the advantage of fast convergence speed and high precision that needed in practical engineering.%自锚式悬索桥合理成桥状态的已有算法中,很难在一个模型中同时考虑缆-梁的联合作用,需要通过反复手动迭代或是修改模型边界条件进行求解,较为繁琐。对此,笔者提出一种考虑缆-梁联合作用的恒载状态计算方法。该方法基于加劲梁的挠度理论,通过梁段的平衡微分方程、几何方程、物理方程推导出加劲梁的线形和索力的解析关系;主缆基于分段悬链线理论,通过已知吊索索力计算主缆端部反力;再用迭代方法得出满足以主缆端部反力和吊索索力为相容条件的解。计算结果表明,该方法能够考虑缆-梁联合作用,得到满足加劲梁最小应变

  15. Optimization Method for Girder of Wind Turbine Blade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuqiao Zheng

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a recently developed numerical multidisciplinary optimization method for design of wind turbine blade. The objective was the highest possible blade weight under specified atmospheric conditions, determined by the design giving girder layer and location parameter. Wind turbine blade on box-section beams girder is calculated by ply thickness, main girder and trailing edge. In this study, a realistic 30 m blade from a 1.2 MW wind turbine model of blade girder parameters is established. The optimization evolves a structure which transforms along the length of the blade, changing from a design with spar caps at the maximum thickness and a trailing edge mass to a design with spar caps toward the tip. In addition, the cross-section structural properties and the modal characteristics of a 62 m rotor blade were predicted by the developed beam finite element. In summary, these findings indicate that the conventional structural layout of a wind turbine blade is suboptimal under the static load conditions, suggesting an opportunity to reduce blade weight and cost.

  16. 大跨高墩小半径刚构—连续组合梁桥地震响应分析%Analysis of Seismic Response of Long Span, High-Rise Pier and Short Radius Curved Hybrid Bridge of Rigid Frame and Continuous Girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    揭志羽; 卫星; 李亚东; 顾颖

    2013-01-01

    To study the seismic response of the long span, high-rise pier and short radius curved hybrid bridge of rigid frame and continuous girder, a railway bridge of the same structural type with span arrangement (40 + 6×80 + 40) m was cited as an example and analyzed. The AN-SYS was used to set up the finite element model for the whole bridge of the bridge, the dynamic properties of the bridge were calculated and the internal forces and displacement under the seismic action were analyzed, using the response spectrum method and the time-history analysis method. The results of the analysis reveal that the increase of rigidity of the bridge piers and the application of rigid fixity of the piers and girder can improve the integrality of the curved hybrid bridge of rigid frame and continuous girder and are advantageous to the seismic resistance. In comprehensive consideration of the seismic response (e. g. displacement and moment) , the worst seismic wave excitation angles of the bridge of such type are 0°and 90° (respectively corresponding to the longitudinal and transverse directions of the bridge). The increase of the transverse rigidity can decrease the displacement of the bridge in the transverse direction and the increase of the sectional areas of footings of the piers can reduce the seismic response of the bridge under the horizontal seismic action. In general, the transverse displacement and out-of-plane moment of the bridge under the seismic wave excitation in the transverse direction are the maximum while the longitudinal displacement and in-plane moment of the bridge under the excitation in the longitudinal direction are also the maximum.%为研究大跨高墩小半径刚构-连续组合曲线梁桥的地震响应,以某(40+6×80+40)m的刚构-连续组合梁铁路特大桥为背景进行分析.采用ANSYS建立全桥有限元模型,计算桥梁动力特性,并采用反应谱法和时程分析法对桥梁在地震作用下的内力和位移进行分析.分析

  17. 桁宽对大跨度铁路斜拉桥车-桥耦合振动性能的影响研究%Study of Influence of Truss Width on Train-Bridge Coupling Vibration of Long Span Railway Steel Truss Girder Cable-Stayed Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张强; 李永乐; 邓江涛; 向活跃

    2012-01-01

    为考虑桁宽对大跨度铁路斜拉桥动力特性及车辆走行性的影响,以某主跨580 m双塔斜拉桥为背景,分别建立了3种不同桁宽(15,24,30 m)桥梁的有限元模型,对比其固有频率的差异,并通过车-桥耦合振动分析,比较了3种桁宽情况下桥梁、列车的动态响应.分析结果表明,桥梁横向振动和扭转振动的频率随桁宽的增加而明显增大,竖向振动频率随桁宽的增加而略有减小;主梁的横向位移随桁宽的增加而明显变小,桁宽15 m出现了规律性的横向振动;3种桁宽情况下车辆响应变化不明显,桁宽15m时动车和拖车的响应(特别是轮轴横向力及减载率)总体上较其他2种桁宽的响应略大,车辆的响应对桁架的宽度变化不敏感.%To investigate the influence of truss width on the dynamic and train traveling per-formance of long span railway steel truss girder cable-stayed bridge, a double-pylon cable-stayed bridge of such type with a main span 580 m was cited as an example, the finite element models for the bridge having three kinds of different truss width (15 m, 24 m and 30 m) were respectively built, the differences of natural vibration frequencies of the models were compared and after anal-ysis of the train-bridge coupling vibration, the dynamic responses of the bridge and train under the three kinds of the truss width were acquired. The results of the analysis show that the lateral and torsional vibration frequencies of the bridge significantly increase while the vertical vibration frequency slightly decreases with the increase of the truss width and the lateral displacement of the main girder becomes significantly less with the increase of the truss width. When the trusswidth is 15 m, the regular lateral vibration occurs and the changes of the train responses under the three kinds of the truss width are not significant. When the truss width is 15 m, the respon-ses of the motorized car and trailer (particularly the

  18. Application of Hydraulic-Walking Incremental Launching to Steel Arch Girder Construction of Shen′an Huanghe River Bridge in Lanzhou%兰州深安黄河大桥钢拱梁步履式顶推施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾乾岗

    2014-01-01

    The main bridge of Shen′an Huanghe River Bridge in Lanzhou is designed as a bow -string steel arch composite girder bridge with a main span of 156 m .The two arch ribs splay out-ward like a butterfly .The main girder is the steel-concrete composite girder with constant cross section .The main bridges characterized by its heavy weight and long spans ,weighs about 4 000 t after all the components are installed .The main bridge construction is likely to impose impact on the navigation channel and the transportation .Due to these reasons ,the steel arch girder is de-signed to be constructed by the hydraulic-walking incremental launching scheme and by way of multiple-point simultaneous incre mental launching .The specialist hydraulic-walking incremental launching equipment was used to carry out the overall incremental launching construction of the main bridge .During the incremental launching construction ,the truss support structure made of steel tubes was added so as to ensure that the load bearing capacity of the bridge in the incremental launching process could meet the requirements .During the construction ,the technique of incre-mental launching along varying vertical curve was adopted ,the elevation of the temporary piers was optimized and determined by optimizing the preliminary elevation and improving the equip -ment .The construction technique was made better by placing the launching nose on the piers and enhancing applicability of the positioning equipment ,achieving the goal of reducing cost and im-proving safety . The engineering experience proves that the incremental launching technique en-sured the safety of the construction process and the geometrical shape of the completed bridge meets the requirements .%兰州深安黄河大桥主桥为主跨156 m 的下承式蝶形钢拱组合梁桥,主梁为等截面钢-混凝土结合梁,主桥全部拼装完总重约4000 t 。针对主桥重量大、跨度大的特点,以及施工对航道、交通的影

  19. A Proposal for 4000m-span Cable-stayed Suspension Bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haijun Wang

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study proposed a compound bridge of suspension bridges and cable-stayed bridges with 4000 m super-long-span over the Tsugaru Strait, Japan. Near to the main towers, cable-stayed bridges and prestressed concrete decks are proposed. It is helpful to enhance rigidity and endure the great axial compression force. In the center of the span, suspension bridges and steel box decks are stiffened by trusses, it can reduce self-weigh and the space between girders, thus contribute to aero-elastic stability. RCFT main tower, RC shell pier and RCFT jacket foundation can enhance rigidity and reduce self-weigh. As a result, the live-dead load ratio of proposal is 0.05 and it is equivalent to 2500m-span suspension bridge.

  20. SEISMIC BEHAVIOR OF STEEL MONORAIL BRIDGES UNDER TRAIN LOAD DURING STRONG EARTHQUAKES

    OpenAIRE

    C.W. KIM; Kawatani, M.; Kanbara, T; NISHIMURA, N.

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigated dynamic responses of steel monorail bridges incorporating train-bridge interaction under strong earthquakes. Two types of steel monorail bridges were considered in the study: a conventional type with steel track-girder; an advanced type with composite track-girder and simplified lateral bracing system. During strong earthquakes, monorail train was assumed standing on the track-girder of monorail bridges. Observations through the analytical study showed that considering...

  1. Engineering approach to in-situ bridge health monitoring with fiber bragg gratings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Zhan-jun; ZHANG Bo-ming; WAN Li-bing; ZHOU Zhi; OU Jin-ping

    2006-01-01

    In this presentation the feasibility and capability of fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) employed in bridge health monitoring are demonstrated on a real bridge. FBG's wavelength shift depending on strain variance has been tested. The technique of FBG installation on bridges has been developed. 12 FBG strain sensors and 3temperature sensors have been successfully embedded in the prestressed concrete box girder during the construction of Heilongjiang Hulan River Bridge. The prestressing tension process and quasi-static loading process of the girder were monitored with those sensors before it was installed onto the bridge. After the bridge was completed,the FBG sensors embedded have been utilized to monitor the strain shift of the beam under quasi-static load,traffic load and temperature. The results show that the traffic fluxes, possible fatigue damage and deflection of the bridge can be revealed conveniently through strain measurements with these FBG sensors, which provide key information for structural health diagnosis. The fact that the FBG strain sensors have withstood the ordeal of harsh construction process and lasted for more than one year proves that their durability and stability can satisfy the requirements for bridge health monitoring. It is also shown that the FBG strain sensor is more adaptive to long-term structural health monitoring than the electric resistance strain gauge.

  2. Predicting deflections of a simply supported pre-stressed concrete girder subjected to static loads from observed strains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mufti, Aftab; Jaeger, Leslie; Klowak, Chad; Kyriakopoulos, Nikolas; Bakht, Baidar; Tadros, Gamil

    2007-04-01

    Deflections of structures, such as bridge girders, are often the most difficult to monitor. Strain measurement is relatively simple with the use of electronic strain gauges, fiber optic sensors, or other strain measuring devices. This paper investigates two different methods for predicting or monitoring the deflection of a simply-supported full-scale bridge girder subjected to a partially distributed uniform load using strain measurements. A full-scale pre-stressed concrete bridge girder was instrumented and tested under a static monotonic load in the linear elastic range. This paper highlights the experimentally measured deflections along the length of one half of the girder and compares them to theoretically predicted deflections and deflections predicted using numerical integration along with harmonic analysis of curvatures determined from theoretical and observed experimental strains. Experimental test results indicate that estimating deflections from observed strains is feasible within the linear-elastic range of such girders. The methods outlined for predicting deflections of full-scale pre-stressed concrete bridge girders from observed strains are a valuable tool for structural engineers and for the periodic and continuous monitoring of civil structures such as bridges.

  3. Wind Turbine Blade with Angled Girders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    The present invention relates to a reinforced blade for a wind turbine, particularly to a blade having a new arrangement of two or more girders in the blade, wherein each of the girders is connected to the upper part and the lower part of the shell and forms an angle with another girder thereby...

  4. 粘滞性阻尼器在高速铁路长联大跨连续梁中的应用%Application of viscous damper devices in the seismic design of long span and long unit continuous girder bridges on high speed railway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋子威; 蔡小培

    2012-01-01

    以杭州钱江铁路新桥主桥(45+65+14×80+65+45)m预应力混凝土连续箱梁为工程背景,利用有限元软件Midas/civil建立有限元模型。采用非线性时程分析方法计算设置粘滞性阻尼器前后墩底反力和墩顶位移的变化,从而评价粘滞性阻尼器对提升桥梁抗震性能的作用。结果表明:粘滞性阻尼器的合理设置可以减小制动墩内力,提升高速铁路长联大跨连续梁的抗震性能。%A dynamic finite element model was built using the finite element software Midas/civil with the new Hangzbou Qianjiang Railway Bridge as the practical engineering example, which has a main bridge of (45 + 65 + 14 × 80+65 + 45) m prestressed concrete continuous girder. A non-linear dynamic time history analysis method was used to calculate and compare the internal forces of the pier bottom and the displacements of the pier top before and after the setup of viscous dampers with the viscous dampers' impact on the seismic performance then evaluated. The results show that the force of the fixed pier can be significantly reduced via reasonable setup of viscous dampers, which leads to improvement of seismic performance of a long-spanned and long-unit continuous girder bridge on high speed railway.

  5. Research on Working Procedure of Lag Pouring of Wet-joint in Bridge Deck Concrete Slab on Composite Girder of Cable-stayed Bridge%叠合梁斜拉桥混凝土桥面板滞后浇筑湿接缝的工序研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡俊; 曾一峰; 贾俊峰

    2016-01-01

    Construction procedure is complicated for cable-stayed bridge using composite beam. Final state of bridge depends on construction greatly. In the article,a large span cable-stayed bridge was studied. The bridge 3D finite element model was established to analyze the effect of working procedure during construction and at completion. Three working procedures were studied: no lag pouring,one lag pouring and twice lag pouring of wet-joint of concrete slab. The analysis results indicate that tensile stress in concrete slab is small for one/twice lag pouring. But, as lag times increase,compression stress in steel girders increases significantly. One lag pouring is best for structure stress in the construction process and operation stage,and the construction period is short.%叠合梁斜拉桥施工工序繁多,最终的成桥状态与施工过程密切相关.以一大跨度叠合梁斜拉桥为对象,采用空间有限元软件建立精细化力学模型,对比分析了混凝土桥面板湿接缝不滞后、滞后1次及滞后2次这3种施工工序对桥梁结构在施工过程及成桥的受力影响.结果表明,滞后1次及滞后2次的工序下桥面板几乎不出现拉应力,而随着桥面板滞后次数的增加,钢主梁的压应力显著增大,选择桥面板滞后1次的施工工序,结构在施工过程中及成桥运营阶段的受力最佳,同时工期也较短.

  6. Effect of vehicle weight on natural frequencies of bridges measured from traffic-induced vibration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Recently, ambient vibration test (AVT) is widely used to estimate dynamic characteristics of large civil structures. Dynamic characteristics can be affected by various environmental factors such as humidity, intensity of wind, and temperature. Besides these environmental conditions, the mass of vehicles may change the measured values when traffic-induced vibration is used as a source of AVT for bridges. The effect of vehicle mass on dynamic characteristics is investigated through traffic-induced vibration tests on three bridges; (1) three-span suspension bridge (128m+404m+128m), (2) five-span continuous steel box girder bridge (59m+3@95m+59m), (3) simply supported plate girder bridge (46m). Acceleration histories of each measurement location under normal traffic are recorded for 30 minutes at field. These recorded histories are divided into individual vibrations and are combined into two groups according to the level of vibration; one by heavy vehicles such as trucks and buses and the other by light vehicles such as passenger cars. Separate processing of the two groups of signals shows that, for the middle and long-span bridges, the difference can be hardly detected, but, for the short span bridges whose mass is relatively small, the measured natural frequencies can change up to 5.4%.

  7. Distortional Buckling Analysis of Steel-Concrete Composite Girders in Negative Moment Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Wangbao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Distortional buckling is one of the most important buckling modes of the steel-concrete composite girder under negative moment. In this study, the equivalent lateral and torsional restraints of the bottom flange of a steel-concrete composite girder under negative moments due to variable axial forces are thoroughly investigated. The results show that there is a coupling effect between the applied forces and the lateral and torsional restraint of the bottom flange. Based on the calculation formula of lateral and torsional restraints, the critical buckling stress of I-steel-concrete composite girders and steel-concrete composite box girders under variable axial force is obtained. The critical bending moment of the steel-concrete composite girders can be further calculated. Compared to the traditional calculation methods of elastic foundation beam, the paper introduces an improved method, which considers coupling effect of the external loads and the foundation spring constraints of the bottom flange. Fifteen examples of the steel-concrete composite girders in different conditions are calculated. The calculation results show a good match between the hand calculation and the ANSYS finite element method, which validated that the analytic calculation method proposed in this paper is practical.

  8. Numerical simulation of wind effects on the temperature analysis of bridges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Lan; Li, Fengwu; Zhou, Linren; Ji, Jing

    2016-04-01

    Structural temperatures and their uneven distributions have significantly negative effects on bridges. It is very important to accurately calculate the structural temperatures. Structural temperatures are deeply affected by the surrounding weather conditions, and the environmental wind is a critical factor. In this study, the wind effects on the thermal analysis of bridges are investigated using numerical simulation. Frist, the traditional theory and method are briefly introduced to show the important effects of wind on structural heat transfer analysis. Then, a new approach is proposed to take account of the wind effects for temperature analysis of bridges. At last, numerical study based on the finite element transient heat transfer analysis of a box-girder bridge is carried out and discussed to verify the proposed method. The results indicate that the proposed method is more reasonable than the traditional methods. This method can be easily implemented in practice for temperature analysis of bridges.

  9. 既有损伤混凝土梁桥车桥耦动力分析%Study on dynamic behavior of vehicle-bridge coupling in existing concrete injured girder bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张萍; 张笑尘; 贾杰

    2016-01-01

    In order to carry out the systematic analysis of most highway concrete bridges’dynamic work performance under moving vehicular load with structural damages and their evolution,we put forward multi-scale analysis method and feasibility of vehicle-bridge coupling vibration with structural damages and analyze mechanism and influence law of bridges’dynamic behavior in this case.%以公路混凝土梁桥为研究对象,分析了结构损伤及损伤演化的车辆作用下桥梁动力的工作性能,提出考虑结构损伤的车桥耦合振动多尺度分析方法,探讨了该情况下桥梁动力行为的作用机理和影响规律。

  10. Field Tests and Simulation of Lion-Head River Bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yao-Min Fang

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Lion-Head River Bridge is a twin bridge in parallel position. The east-bounded was designed and constructed as a traditional prestress concrete box girder bridge with pot bearings; and the west-bounded was installed with seismic isolation devices of lead rubber bearings. The behavior of the isolated bridge is compared with that of the traditional bridge through several field tests including the ambient vibration test, the force vibration test induced by shakers, the free vibration test induced by a push and fast release system, and the truck test. The bridges suffered from various extents of damage due to the Chi-Chi and the Chi-I earthquakes of great strength during the construction and had been retrofitted. The damage was reflected by the change of the bridges' natural frequencies obtained from the ambient vibration tests. The models of the two bridges are simulated by the finite element method based on the original design drawings. Soil-structure interaction was also scrutinized in this study. The simulation was then modified based on the results from the field tests. Dynamic parameters of bridges are identified and compared with those from theoretical simulation. The efficiency is also verified to be better for an isolated bridge.

  11. Structural Design of Multi-Pylon Cable-Stayed Bridge with Corrugated Steel Webs for Chaoyang Bridge in Nanchang%南昌朝阳大桥波形钢腹板多塔斜拉桥结构设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈水生; 钟志斌; 桂水荣; 刘旭政; 钟汉清

    2014-01-01

    The PC composite box girder with corrugated steel webs is applicable to bridges with a variety of structural types ,which exhibits superior durability and economic features as com‐pared with the common concrete box girder .The cable‐stayed bridge with corrugated steel webs is regarded as the type of structure where composite box girder with corrugated steel webs is ingen‐iously used ,making better use of the properties of the two structures . The main navigational bridge of the Chaoyang Bridge in Nanchang is a (79+ 5 × 150+79) m continuous composite box girder cable‐stayed bridge with corrugated steel webs .The bridge has six pylons and the stay ca‐bles are arranged in single cable plane .In addition ,the bridge has two layers of decks ,on the up‐per deck ,dual eight vehicle lanes (four lanes each side) are arranged and pedestrian and non‐mo‐torized vehicle lanes are arranged on the lower deck .Based on the analysis and study undertaken , small side span‐to‐main span ratio was chosen .Due to the multiple pylons ,the load path from the intermediate pylons to the side pylons is long and the effect of ancillary piers in the side spans is minimal ,as a result ,no ancillary piers are installed .In the structural system ,the pylons and the main girder are fixed while the girder and piers are separated .The box girder is 43 .84 m wide , with transverse steel diaphragms .The stay cables are fanned out in single cable plane .The pylon looks like the Chinese character“合“ ,and double bearings are installed at the pylons .T he stay vi‐bration mitigation bearings are used as the vibration mitigation and isolation devices of the super‐structure ,which are installed below the two side pylons .%波形钢腹板PC组合箱梁适用于不同结构形式的桥梁,相比普通混凝土箱梁具有显著的耐久性和经济性,波形钢腹板斜拉桥将波形钢腹板组合箱梁应用到斜拉桥中,充分发挥了2种结构的特点。南昌朝

  12. Damage identification of girder bridge based on nodal curvatures and wavelet analysis%基于节点曲率和小波分析的梁式桥多尺度损伤识别

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟儒勉; 宗周红; 郑沛娟; 杨泽刚

    2015-01-01

    A damage identification method based on nodal curvatures and wavelet analysis (NCWA)was presented with respect to the Xinyihe Bridge.The proposed methodology was based on the moment -curvature relations and the assumption that internal stress resultants keep invariant before and after damage.Making use of the particular advantage of noise eliminating of wavelet analysis,the linear matrix equations of the pre-damage and post-damage nodal curvatures were solved by using singular value decomposition (SVD).The damage index based on nodal curvature was obtained.A simply supported beam model testing was carried out to verify the feasibility of the proposed method.The sensitivity and anti-noise ability of the damage idenfication method based on NCWA were verified by the multi-scale finite element analysis and dynamic loading test on the Xinyihe Bridge.The results show that the locations of different scale damages can be identified by the method of NCWA without considering noise effects,and the damage sensitivity of small scale units is superior to big scale units.If considering noise effects,the locations of small damage scale can be identified approximately by NCWA,and the anti-noise ability of small scale units is superior to big scale units.The results support the idea that the proposed damage identification method based on NCWA has a great potential in the health monitoring of practical engineering structures,and it lays a solid foundation for the damage prognosis (DP)and safety prognosis (DP)of girder structures.%以新沂河大桥为工程背景,提出了一种基于节点曲率和小波分析(NCWA)的梁式桥多尺度损伤识别方法。首先基于结构弯矩-曲率基本关系和结构微损伤对其应力重分布影响很小的假定,结合小波分析的消噪功能,采用奇异值分解(SVD)方法求解节点曲率损伤前后的线形矩阵方程,推导了基于节点曲率的损伤指标,并通过简支梁试验验证了该方法的

  13. The Vibration Based Fatigue Damage Assessment of Steel and Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete (SFRC Composite Girder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Chen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The steel-concrete composite girder has been usually applied in the bridge and building structures, mostly consisting of concrete slab, steel girder, and shear connector. The current fatigue damage assessment for the composite girder is largely based on the strain values and concrete crack features, which is time consuming and not stable. Hence the vibration-based fatigue damage assessment has been considered in this study. In detail, a steel-steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC composite girder was tested. The steel fiber reinforced concrete is usually considered for dealing with the concrete cracks in engineering practice. The composite girder was 3.3m long and 0.45m high. The fatigue load and impact excitation were applied on the specimen sequentially. According to the test results, the concrete crack development and global stiffness degradation during the fatigue test were relatively slow due to the favourable performance of SFRC in tension. But on the other hand, the vibration features varied significantly during the fatigue damage development. Generally, it confirmed the feasibility of executing fatigue damage assessment of composite bridge based on vibration method.

  14. 大跨度公铁两用钢桁梁斜拉桥结构地震响应特征研究%Study of Structural Seismic Response Characteristics of Long Span Rail-cum-Road Steel Truss Girder Cable-Stayed Bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮怀圣; 屈爱平; 何友娣; 苗润池; 李龙安

    2015-01-01

    大跨度公铁两用钢桁梁斜拉桥是一种技术复杂的特殊桥梁,为系统地把握该类型桥梁结构在地震作用下的动力响应规律,总结该类桥梁的总体结构特征,统计分析5座公铁两用大桥的结构动力特性值,利用有限元数值仿真方法分析不同结构抗震约束体系的地震响应特点,统计粘滞阻尼器的减震效果并解释效果差异的原因。研究表明:大跨度公铁两用斜拉桥的竖向刚度与公路斜拉桥相比有明显差异,前者的竖弯基频比后者平均高20%左右;在多种结构抗震约束体系中,具有耗能显著特点的液体粘滞阻尼器体系是一种较为理想的结构抗震支承体系;采用粘滞阻尼器后,6座大桥桥塔的弯矩减震率呈现20%左右与60%以上两种不同表现结果,该现象主要与地震动输入的长周期成分取值有关;由于剪力比弯矩的阶次低,导致桥塔剪力比弯矩的减震效果低;粘滞阻尼器对梁端位移的减震效果显著,可达到60%~80%。%T he long span rail‐cum‐road steel truss girder cable‐stayed bridge is a type of the special bridge of technical complexity . To systematically understand the structural dynamic re‐sponse law s of such type of the bridges under the action of earthquake ,the general structural char‐acteristics of the bridges were summed up and the structural dynamic characteristic values of 5 long span rail‐cum‐road steel truss girder cable‐stayed bridges were statistically analyzed .The seismic response characteristics of the different structural seismic restraint systems were analyzed ,using the finite element numerical simulation ,the damping effect of the fluid viscous dampers was statis‐tically collected and the differences of the damping effect were illustrated .The results of the analy‐sis demonstrate that the vertical stiffness of a long span rail‐cum‐road steel truss girder cable‐stayed bridge is

  15. Precast Prestressed Concrete Truss-Girder for Roof Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Samir

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Steel trusses are the most popular system for supporting long-span roofs in commercial buildings, such as warehouses and aircraft hangars. There are several advantages of steel trusses, such as lightweight, ease of handling and erection, and geometric flexibility. However, they have some drawbacks, such as high material and maintenance cost, and low fire resistance. In this paper, a precast concrete truss is proposed as an alternative to steel trusses for spans up to 48 m (160 ft without intermediate supports. The proposed design is easy to produce and has lower construction and maintenance costs than steel trusses. The truss consists of two segments that are formed using standard bridge girder forms with block-outs in the web which result in having diagonals and vertical members and reduces girder weight. The two segments are then connected using a wet joint and post-tensioned longitudinally to form a crowned truss. The proposed design optimizes the truss-girder member locations, cross-sections, and material use. A 9 m (30 ft long truss specimen is constructed using self-consolidated concrete to investigate the constructability and structural capacity of the proposed design. A finite element analysis of the specimen is conducted to investigate stresses at truss diagonals, verticals, and connections. Testing results indicate the production and structural efficiency of the developed system.

  16. Research on Damage Identification for the Girders of Cable-stayed Bridges Based on Particle Swarm Optimization-support Vector Machine(PSO-SVM)%基于粒子群优化支持向量机的斜拉桥主梁损伤识别研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵世英; 李延强

    2015-01-01

    A new method of damage detection based on particle swarm optimization-support vector machine (PSO-SVM) is proposed in this paper in order to identify the girder damage of the cable-stayed bridge more ac-curately.The best kernel parameters for support vector machine(SVM) are obtained by particle swarm optimiza-tion(PSO) and the testing model of SVM is established.Taking the most sensitivity cable tension indexes as in-puts of SVM for both training and testing, damage locations of the main girder for cable-stayed bridge are indica-ted by the outputs of SVM.A numerical example for a test model of a single-tower cable-stayed bridge is provid-ed to verify the feasibility of the method.It is shown that the automatic optimization of the parameters for SVM can be realized by PSO algorithm and different kinds of damage of the girder for cable-stayed bridge can be de-tected and the identification efficiency is high.%为了能够更加准确地判断结构损伤位置和程度,本文提出了基于粒子群优化支持向量机(PSO-SVM)方法对斜拉桥主梁进行损伤识别的新方法。该方法以最敏感索张力指标作为损伤识别指标,利用粒子群(PSO)算法寻找支持向量机(SVM)最优参数,建立 SVM 预测模型,以不同位置、不同损伤程度下最敏感索的张力指标作为 SVM 的训练和测试输入,由 SVM 的输出确定损伤位置。通过对实验室的模型斜拉桥的主梁损伤进行了仿真验证,结果表明:采用 PSO 算法很好地解决了采用 SVM 方法进行损伤识别时的参数选择随机性难题,实现了对 SVM 模型参数的自动优化,基于 PSO-SVM 的损伤识别方法对斜拉桥主梁不同程度的损伤均有很高的识别率。

  17. Trend of welding robot for bridge construction; Kyoryo ni okeru genba yosetsu no jidoka robot ka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yasuda, O. [Takada Kiko Co. Ltd., Osaka (Japan)

    1997-12-01

    This paper explains general bridge construction methods and describes future problems therein on automation and robotization of site welding in bridge construction. Site jointing in bridge construction has used high-strength bolt jointing as the mainstream until recently, but adoption of site welding is now increasing. Steel bed plates, box girders, I-shaped girders, and bridge piers have different characteristic requirements in welding volume and plate thickness, to which carbon dioxide arc-welding and submerged-arc welding are used depending on welding postures. Anti-seismic reinforcement construction on RC bridges has started with the Great Hanshin Earthquake as a turning point (steel plates are wound round columns, welded by CO2 arc-welding using the backing strip system, and resin and/or mortar are filled into clearance between RC and the steel plates). This construction requires vertical welding work with welding length as long as 10 m or longer, making the automation and robotization great advantages. For all cases, robotization in site constructions has just begun, whereas a number of problems desired of solution on robots exist, such as high-efficiency welding, and weldable postures the robots can take. 1 ref., 13 figs.

  18. Aerodynamic stability of long span suspension bridges with low torsional natural frequencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Michael Styrk; Johansson, Jens; Brandt, Anders;

    2016-01-01

    Classical flutter of suspended bridge decks can be avoided if the torsional frequencies are lower than the vertical. Wind tunnel tests of single boxes and twin box section models with torsional natural frequencies above and below the vertical frequency has been conducted. Flutter was avoided in all...... tests where the torsional frequency was lower than the vertical. But too low torsional stiffness caused large static displacements of the girder at medium–high wind speeds and steady state oscillations driven by a combination of torsional divergence and stalling behavior at the critical wind seed....... In order to design aerodynamically stable suspension bridges with low torsional natural frequencies it is suggested to increase the mass moment of inertia and provide adequate torsional stiffness by the main cables spacing....

  19. A seismic performance evaluation method for a pile-foundation RC girder bridge considering three kinds of SSI effect%考虑SSI三种效应的桩基础RC梁式桥抗震性能评估方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江辉; 李杰; 杨庆山; 朱晞; 刘林

    2012-01-01

    The dynamic interaction among pile-soil-bridge system is a hot spot and a difficult problem of aseismic design of bridges, and the flexible foundation effect, kinematics effect and foundation damping effect should be reasonably considered. Here, by introducing a seismic demand spectrum modification algorithm of kinematics interaction effect and foundation damping one with FEMA440, an aseismic performance evaluation method taking effectively three kinds of SSI effect for a pile-foundation RC girder bridge into account was developed based on structural nonlinear static analysis method. With a highway RC continuous girder bridge as an example, the nonlinear static and dynamic analysis were conducted respectively for the aim of comparison with three kinds of design spectra and the corresponding artificial waves as inputs. The results under two earthquake levels showed that the seismic response of the bridge taking the 2nd and the 3rd kinds of effect into account with the proposed method is slightly smaller than that of the bridge taking the 1st kind of effect into account with the dynamic time-history method, and the proposed method can be used to evaluate effectively the aseismic performance of a pile-foundation bridge under the anticipated earthquake demand.%桩-土-桥动力相互作用是桥梁抗震研究的热点和难点问题,需合理考虑地基土柔度效应、运动学效应及阻尼效应的影响.采用基于性能点轨迹法的结构非线性静力分析方法,引入FEM A440针对土-结相互作用运动学效应、地基阻尼效应的地震动需求谱修正算法,探讨建立综合考虑桩-土相互作用三种效应的桩基础RC桥梁的抗震性能评估方法.以某高速公路RC连续梁桥为算例,分别以三种设计谱及相应的人工波为输入进行非线性静、动力方法验算对比,两个水准下的计算结果表明所建议方法在补充考虑后两种效应后,地震响应略小于以考虑第一种效应为主

  20. Design of Cable-Stayed Bridge of Caofeidian Industry Zone Bridge No.1%曹妃甸工业区1号桥斜拉桥设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亮; 卢永成; 周伟翔; 邵长宇

    2011-01-01

    The Caofeidian Industry Zone Bridge No. 1 is composed of navigable span bridge, non-navigable span bridges and approach bridges and is located in the cold and strong earthquake region in the northern part of China. A summarized account of the design of the navigable span bridge of the bridge is presented herewith. In accordance with the construction conditions and landscape requirements, the navigable span bridge is designed as a single pylon and single cable plane cable-stayed bridge with span arrangement 2 X 138 m, the pylon is the column pylon in shape of boat sail. The anchorage zone in the pylon is the steel anchor box exposed outside the pylon. The main girder is the steel and concrete composite girder having three cells and a single box. The stay cables are made up of φ7 mm galvanized parallel steel wires and the foundation of the pylon pier is the group pile foundation. The research of seismic resistance of the bridge show that for a major single pylon cable-stayed bridge located in the strong earthquake region, the rigid fixity system of pylon, girder and pier should be possibly avoided in order to reduce seismic response of the bridge structure.%曹妃甸工业区1号桥位于北方寒冷强震区,由通航孔桥、非通航孔桥及引桥组成,综述该桥通航孔桥设计.根据建设条件及景观要求,通航孔桥为跨径2×138 m独塔单索面斜拉桥;桥塔为独柱形,造型为船帆式;索塔锚固区采用外露式钢锚箱方案;主梁采用单箱三室钢-混凝土箱形结合梁;斜拉索采用φ7 mm镀锌平行钢丝;桥塔墩采用群桩基础.抗震性能研究表明,强震区大型独塔斜拉桥应尽量避免采用塔、梁、墩固结体系,以减小桥梁结构的地震响应.

  1. 鸭绿江界河公路大桥主桥桥型方案比选%Comparison and Selection of Proposed Bridge Types for Main Bridge of Yalu Boundary River Highway Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴宏业; 于传君

    2013-01-01

    The Yalu Boundary River Highway Bridge is an important international project connecting China and DPR Korea. In the light of the actual project conditions at the bridge site, two proposed bridge types for the main bridge of the bridge were compared, i. e. a steel box girder cable-stayed bridge with double pylons and double cable planes (the span arrangement being (86 + 229 + 636 + 229 + 86) m and the pylons being the H-shape concrete structures to be cast in situ) and a steel and concrete composite girder cable-stayed bridge with double pylons and double cable planes (the span arrangement being (87 + 228 + 636 + 228 + 87) m and the pylons being the inverted Y-shape concrete structures to be cast in situ). The plane link program Doctor Bridge V3. 2. 0 was used to respectively set up the finite element models for the two bridge types, the global mechanical behavior of the two bridges at completion and operation stages were analyzed and the construction convenience, durability and economy were analyzed as well. The results of the analysis show that the structural mechanical behavior of the steel box girder cable-stayed bridge is more advantageous, the construction is more convenient, the construction time schedule is shorter and the seismic performance is better and therefore the box girder bridge having 5 spans, double pylons and double planes is finally selected.%鸭绿江界河公路大桥是连接朝鲜的跨国性重要工程,结合桥址处实际工程条件,选取双塔双索面钢箱梁斜拉桥[跨径布置为(86+229+636+229+86)m,采用现浇H形桥塔]和双塔双索面钢-混结合梁斜拉桥[跨径布置为(87+228+636+228+87)m,采用现浇倒Y形桥塔]2种桥型方案进行比选.采用平面杆系程序桥梁博士V3.2.0分别建立2种方案的有限元模型,按整体成型对桥梁成桥阶段及运营阶段进行整体受力分析,并对2种方案的施工便利性、耐久性及经济性进行对比分析.分析结果表明,钢箱梁斜拉桥结

  2. 典型箱梁断面双竖向涡振区的成因分析%Investigation into formation of two lock-in districts of vertical vortex-induced vibration of a box bridge deck section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管青海; 李加武; 刘健新

    2013-01-01

    The formation of two lock-in districts of vertical vortex-induced vibration of a box bridge deck section was investigated via the amplitude response and surface pressure time-histories obtained by synchronizing vibration and surface pressure measurement in the uniform flow wind tunnel test.The relationship between amplitude and wind velocity,means and standard deviations of surface pressure coefficient,correlation coefficient between local lift force and total lift force,contribution of the local lift force to vertical vortex-induced vibration were studied.The results show that the lock-in district of high wind speed vertical vortex response is wider than that of low wind speed vertical vortex response,and the amplitude of high wind speed vertical vortex response is larger than that of low wind speed vertical vortex response.It is considered that the cause of two vertical vortex shedding response results from two different vortex shedding with a respective Strouhal number of 0.145 and 0.082.Vortex-induced forces of low wind vertical vortex response come mainly from the airflow fluctuation at 2 guard rails's area of the middle upper surface and back pressure zone of the lower surface,vortex vortex-induced forces of high wind vertical vortex response come mainly from the airflow fluctuation at the downstream zone of the upper surface and back pressure zone of the lower surface,and the vortex shedding at their upper surface are significantly different.The research results have general applicability for some typical blunt box girder sections,and the research methods can provide a reference for similar studies.1 tab,9 figs,15 refs.%为研究箱梁断面产生双竖向涡振区的原因,通过同步测振和测压均匀风场风洞试验,基于涡振区的振幅响应与表面压力脉动时程,分析了2个竖向涡振区的振幅与风速关系、表面压力系数均值与均方差值、局部升力与总升力的相关性及局部升力对竖向涡振的贡献.分

  3. Analysis on construction monitoring technology of a multispan variable cross -section continuous girder bridge%浅析某多跨变截面连续梁桥施工监控技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞梁友

    2016-01-01

    Discusses the combination of construction monitoring technology of variable cross section continuous beam bridge bridge,introduces the finite element model theory,alignment monitoring,stress control of the content,to provide reference for similar bridge construction monitoring.%结合某桥多跨变截面连续梁桥施工监控技术进行探讨,详细介绍了有限元模型建立理论、线形监控、应力监控等内容,为类似桥梁施工监测提供参考。

  4. 空间四索面联体独塔斜拉桥塔梁固结段应力分布规律及合理构造研究%Research on Stress Distribution Rule and Reasonable Structure at Consolidation Section between Tower and Girder of Conjoined Single-tower Cable Stayed Bridge with Four Spatial Cable Planes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏小波; 于长皓; 杜细春

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of establishing a local multi-scale analysis model of consolidation section between tower and girder of some single-tower cable-stayed bridge with four spatial cable planes,this paper obtains local stress level and distribution rule in this area via accurate simulation for boundary conditions of load and displacement,and determines the causes of excessive major tensile force at arc section of upper pylon junction through further study.Based on 2 factors,i.e.detail construction and internal force balance,the paper lays down three optimized schemes and compares the optimized results and proposes the recommended scheme.%针对某空间四索面独塔斜拉桥建立塔梁固结段的多尺度局部分析模型,通过对荷载及位移边界条件的准确模拟,得到该区域的局部应力水平及分布规律,并通过进一步研究,确定上塔柱交接处圆弧段主拉应力偏大的产生原因.基于细部构造及内力平衡2个因素拟定3种优化方案,并对优化效果进行对比,提出推荐方案.

  5. 液体粘滞阻尼器配合双曲面球型支座在大跨连续梁桥中的减隔震研究%Research on Seismic Isolation Technology of Fluid Viscous Damper with Double Spherical Seismic Bearing in Large-span Continuous Girder Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李健宁; 虞庐松

    2016-01-01

    大跨度连续梁桥由于上部结构惯性力较大,导致传统延性抗震设计方法很难满足桥梁抗震性能需求,减隔震技术是解决这一问题的有效途径之一。采用液体粘滞阻尼器配合双曲面球型减隔震支座对某高烈度大跨连续梁桥进行了减隔震设计,结果表明:液体粘滞阻尼器减震效果明显,但固定墩地震力较大仍难以满足要求;采用双曲面球型减隔震支座,除边墩受地震力明显增大外其余墩较均匀的分担了地震荷载,墩身抗震性能充分发挥,且其具备自复位功能震后修复难度较低;液体粘滞阻尼器配合双曲面球型减隔震支座时减震效果明显优于仅设置阻尼器,且前者具备一定的自复位功能,与设置双曲面球型支座相比前者解决了边墩的抗震问题。本桥减隔震设计中此方法最优,该方法可为高烈度区大跨连续梁桥的抗震设计和抗震加固提供参考。%Because the inertial force of the superstructure of the large-span continuous girder bridge is larger,the traditional ductility seismic design method cannot meet the needs of seismic performance of bridge seismic design.The seismic isolation technology is one of the effective ways to solve the problem,so a large-span continuous girder bridge in a high intensity seismic area is taken as an example for seismic isolation design by adopting the fluid viscous damper with double spherical seismic bearing.The results show that the damping effect is obvious after using the damper,but it is still difficult to meet the requirements.In addition,it is hard to repair after the earthquake without the self-resetting function.After using the double spherical seismic bearing, the rest piers are increased to uniformly bear the earthquake load besides the side pier and give full play to the seismic behavior,and they are easy to repair after the earthquake with the self-re-setting function.However,when using fluid

  6. Analysis and Verification of Local Stress on Pier-Tower-Girder Fixed Segment of High-Speed Railway Low-pylon Cable-stayed Bridge%高速铁路矮塔斜拉桥墩塔梁固结段局部应力分析与验证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓江涛

    2016-01-01

    Local analysis is an important method often used in bridge design and also an indispensable part of the design. The solid finite element model is used to reflect in detail the local stress of structures, playing a guiding role in investigating real stress state of important structures and in the design of reinforcement. In order to investigate real stress state of the pier-tower-girder fixed segment of the prestressed concrete low-pylon cable-stayed bridge and verify the accuracy of local boundary condition analysis, a refined space solid finite element model is established and the accuracy of local boundary condition analysis is verified with reference to a (115+95)m unballasted double line prestressed concrete low-pylon cable-stayed bridge on Beijing-Shenyang dedicated passenger line. The analysis shows that the pier-tower-girder fixed segment experiences a stress concentration at the hole, where reinforcement should be strengthened appropriately, and the stress on the remaining parts meets the requirement. The accuracy of resulted stress is guaranteed by validation of the local model’s internal force transmission and support reactions, and structural safety is ensured. Finally, a typical local analysis method is concluded, which may provide some references for other local stress analysis.%局部分析是桥梁设计中常采用的重要手段,也是设计中不可或缺的重要环节,利用实体有限元模型能反应出结构细部的受力状况,对考察结构重要部位的真实应力状态、结构设计配筋有着指导性作用。为了解高速铁路矮塔斜拉桥墩塔梁固结段的真实应力状态及验证局部分析中边界条件表达的准确性,以京沈客运专线(115+95) m双线无砟轨道预应力混凝土矮塔斜拉桥为工程背景,利用Ansys有限元建立细化的空间实体有限元模型,并对局部模型的边界条件模拟的正确性进行验证,分析表明,墩塔梁固结段进人洞角点处应

  7. Effects of seismic devices on transverse responses of piers in the Sutong Bridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Xing; Camara, Alfredo; Ye, Aijun

    2015-12-01

    The Sutong Bridge in China opened to traffic in 2008, and is an arterial connection between the cities of Nantong and Suzhou. It is a cable-stayed bridge with a main span of 1,088 m. Due to a tight construction schedule and lack of suitable seismic devices at the time, fixed supports were installed between the piers and the girder in the transverse direction. As a result, significant transverse seismic forces could occur in the piers and foundations, especially during a return period of a 2500-year earthquake. Therefore, the piers, foundations and fixed bearings had to be designed extraordinarily strong. However, when larger earthquakes occur, the bearings, piers and foundations are still vulnerable. The recent rapid developments in seismic technology and the performance-based design approach offer a better opportunity to optimize the transverse seismic design for the Sutong Bridge piers. The optimized design can be applied to the Sutong Bridge (as a retrofit), as well as other bridges. Seismic design alternatives utilizing viscous fluid dampers (VFD), or friction pendulum sliding bearings (FPSB), or transverse yielding metallic dampers (TYMD) are thoroughly studied in this work, and the results are compared with those from the current condition with fixed transverse supports and a hypothetical condition in which only sliding bearings are provided on top of the piers (the girder can move "freely" in the transverse direction during the earthquake, except for frictional forces of the sliding bearings). Parametric analyses were performed to optimize the design of these proposed seismic devices. From the comparison of the peak bridge responses in these configurations, it was found that both VFD and TYMD are very effective in the reduction of transverse seismic forces in piers, while at the same time keeping the relative transverse displacements between piers and the box girder within acceptable limits. However, compared to VFD, TYMD do not interact with the

  8. 虎门二桥坭洲水道桥索塔结构设计及受力分析%Design and Analysis of Pylons of Nizhou Watercourse Bridge of Humen No. 2 Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马玉全; 孙向东; 陈枝洪

    2014-01-01

    广东虎门二桥坭洲水道桥为主跨1688m 双塔非对称式两跨连续钢箱梁悬索桥,为世界上最大跨径的钢箱梁悬索桥,索塔采用门式钢筋混凝土结构,塔高260m,由下塔柱、下横梁、中塔柱、中横梁、上塔柱、上横梁组成。介绍了该桥索塔的设计思路和构造特点,并采用 MIDAS CIVIL 2012专业桥梁分析软件建立全桥三维空间杆系有限元模型,对索塔结构进行计算,结果表明塔柱及横梁的应力、强度均满足规范要求。%Nizhou Watercourse Bridge is an asymmetric continuous steel box girder suspension bridge with twin towers and a main span 1688m,which marks the largest span of steel box girder suspension bridge in the world. The pylons of the bridge are designed as the reinforced concrete structures with lowerlegs,lower tie beams,middlelegs,middle tie beams,upperlegs and upper tie beams,which contribute a total height of 260m. After presenting the design idea and structure characteristics of the pylon,in the paper,by means of the bridge comprehensive program MIDAS CIVIL 2012, the 3D frame structure finite element model for the whole bridge has been established,and the pylons structure has been calculated. The results show that the stress and strength of the pylons and the tie beams can meet the specifications re-quirements.

  9. Dynamic Responses of Long Span Continuous Girder Bridges Under Action of Moving Vehicle Loads%移动车辆荷载作用下大跨径连续梁桥动力响应研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宗林; 高庆飞; KOH Chan Ghee; 陈闯; 郭斌强

    2015-01-01

    针对移动车辆荷载作用下公路桥梁动力性能设计与评价方法不足的问题,以依兰松花江公路大桥为例,运用自编程序,分析不同车辆荷载工况下桥梁冲击系数与振动加速度等动力响应指标的变化规律。结果表明,冲击系数随车辆纵向间距与车速的变化规律一致,均呈波动上升趋势;多车道时,若桥面不平整度沿横向变化不明显则冲击系数与车道数基本无关;大跨径桥梁不同部位的冲击系数有别,现行规范所采用单一断面的冲击系数计算全桥设计荷载方法的合理性值得商榷;在固定车距下,冲击系数随着加载效率的增大而呈下降趋势;振动加速度与冲击系数具有高度相关性。本文所得结论为移动车辆荷载作用下桥梁动力性能设计与评价提供了一定的依据。%As for the drawbacks of the design and evaluation methods for the dynamic perform‐ance of highway bridges under the action of moving vehicle loads ,the Yilan Songhua River High‐way Bridge was selected as an example and the changing laws of the dynamic response indices , such as the DLA (dynamic load allowance) and vibration acceleration ,of the bridge under the dif‐ferent vehicle load cases were analyzed by the program complied by the authors in this paper .The results of the analysis demonstrate that the changing laws of the DLA are consistent with the chan‐ging of the longitudinal vehicle spacing and vehicle speed and the laws exhibit an upward trend in fluctuation .On condition of the multiple vehicle lanes ,if the roughness of the bridge deck does not change significantly in the transverse direction of the bridge ,the DLA is basically irrelevant to the numbers of the lanes .Besides ,the DLA of various positions of the long span bridge is different . The method for calculating the design load of the whole bridge ,using the DLA of the only one sec‐tion as specified in the current design code may

  10. Hollow plate girder bridge damaged hinge joints on the transverse distribution%空心板梁桥铰缝损坏对横向分布的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立东; 孙全胜

    2015-01-01

    Through the hollow beam superstructure disease research found that very serious damage to the hinge joints. Due to changes in the stiff-ness of the hinge joints caused a bridge overall force changes that may even force the board features. With the help of Midas civil finite element analysis software to establish the finite element model to analyze the impact of the bridge damaged hinge joints transverse distribution can provide a theoretical basis for the kind of bridge maintenance and reinforcement of hinge joints.%通过对空心板梁上部结构病害调查研究发现,铰缝破坏现象十分严重,由于铰缝刚度发生变化造成了桥梁整体受力变化,甚至可能出现单板受力特征,借助Midas civil有限元分析软件建立了有限元模型,分析了铰缝损坏对桥梁横向分布的影响,可为同类桥梁铰缝维修与加固提供理论依据。

  11. Comprehensive Real-Time Bridge Health Monitoring System of Tongtai Bridge

    OpenAIRE

    Lei Su-su; Gao Yong-tao; Pan Dan-guang

    2015-01-01

    Tongtai Bridge is the world’s largest suspension curve-girder-skew-arch bridge, which is located in Zhangjiakou, China. The understanding of mechanics characteristics is limited to such complex bridges, so it is necessary to establish reliable health monitoring system to investigate the static and dynamic responses and monitor the safety of the bridge. A comprehensive real-time bridge health monitoring system is establish, which includes four aspects: sensor system, data acquisition and trans...

  12. Key Techniques for Design of Edong Changjiang River Highway Bridge%鄂东长江公路大桥设计关键技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡明义; 黄冰释; 余俊林; 唐守峰

    2011-01-01

    The main bridge of Edong Changjiang River Highway Bridge is a semi-floating system hybrid girder cable-stayed bridge with double pylons, double cable planes and with a main span 926 m. The main girder of the bridge was designed as the PK (Pasco-Kennewick Bridge) cross section of separated twin boxes, of which the part of the girder for the central span is of the steel box girder, the parts of the girder for the side spans are of the prestressed concrete (PC) box girders and a steel and concrete joint section was set on each side of the central span at a distance of 12. 5 m to the center of a pylon. To ensure a smooth transition between the steel and concrete structure, the multi-cell force transmission structure with PBL shear connectors was used for the joint section. The cable-to-pylon anchorage is the steel anchor box structure built in the column of a pylon. To control the development of concrete cracks in the anchorage zone in the pylon, the prestressing strands of 12φs 15. 24 were set in the concrete pylon wall on the side of the anchorage. To enhance the structural durability and service life, the durability of reinforced concrete and corrosion protection of steel structure were designed and the life cycle cost concept was applide to the design. The inspection and maintenance accesses for all principal components of the bridge were provided and the inspection and maintenance cycles, replacement criteria, workmanship and technical requirements were formulated as well.%鄂东长江公路大桥主桥为主跨926 m的双塔双索面半飘浮体系混合梁斜拉桥,主梁采用分离式双箱PK断面形式,中跨为钢箱梁,边跨为PC箱梁,钢-混凝土结合段设于中跨距桥塔中心12.5m处.为使钢结构与混凝土结构平稳过渡,钢-混凝土结合段采用PBL剪力连接器的多格室传力构造.索塔锚固采用在塔柱内置钢锚箱的构造,为控制锚固区混凝土裂缝开展,在锚固侧混凝土塔壁内设置12(o)s15.24预应力

  13. Long-Term Effects of Super Heavy-Weight Vehicles on Bridges

    OpenAIRE

    Wood, Scott M.; Akinci, Necip Onder; Liu, Judy; Bowman, Mark D

    2007-01-01

    A permit truck which exceeds the predefined limit of 108 kips is defined as a superload in Indiana. This study was conducted to examine the long-term effects of superload trucks on the performance of typical slab-on-girder bridges and to assess the likelihood of causing immediate damage. Typical steel and prestressed concrete slab-on-girder type bridges were analyzed using both beam line analysis and detailed finite element models. Furthermore, one prestressed concrete bridge and one steel br...

  14. Plastic analysis of the lateral effective width of cantilever slabs of reinforced concrete box-girders%基于塑性分析的钢筋混凝土箱梁悬臂板横向受力有效分布宽度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方志; 郑辉; 刘双阳

    2012-01-01

    目前国内外相关设计规范中关于行车道板横向受力有效分布宽度的取值是基于弹性理论分析结果确定的,不能体现塑性阶段行车道板横向受力特点。通过对2个钢筋混凝土箱梁模型上的4块悬臂板进行荷载试验,得出悬臂板极限荷载和塑性铰线分布形式,并运用塑性分析方法,推导钢筋混凝土箱梁悬臂板在局部荷载作用下塑性有效分布宽度的计算公式。试验结果和理论分析比较表明:悬臂板的塑性有效分布宽度与荷载作用位置及单位板宽正、负极限弯矩值相关;满足构造配筋要求的箱梁悬臂板进行极限状态设计时,建议采用简化的三折线破坏模式进行塑性横向有效分布宽度计算,取正铰线扩散角为45°,负铰线扩散角为60°;荷载作用于悬臂板边缘时基于塑性的横向有效分布宽度是基于弹性分析的1.58倍。%According to the current design code specifications home and abroad, the values of effective width are mostly based on the results of elasticity theory, which cannot represent the characteristics of effective width in the plastic stage. The ultimate load capacity of cantilever slab and the distribution form of plastic yield-lines were acquired through loading experiments of four cantilever slabs of two reinforced concrete box-girders. The formula for calculating the effective width of the slabs under patch load was derived from plastic analysis. By comparing the experimental results with that of theoretical analysis, it is found that the plastic effective width depends on the load-bearing position and both the positive and negative values of ultimate moment, in addition, the simplified tri-linear mode could effectively determine the ultimate strength and plastic effective width of the slabs with at least the minimum reinforcement, and the desirable calculation plastic spread angle is 45~ for the positive yield-line, 60~ for the negative yield

  15. Stress Analysis of Asynchronous Construction of Pylon and Bottom End Rail of Hybrid Girder Cable-stayed Bridge%混合梁斜拉桥索塔与下横梁异步施工控制分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈月萍; 张建飞; 胡强圣

    2015-01-01

    A bridge is used with the diamond type concrete pylon, and its total height is 177.91 m.In the intersection position of the Middle-Pylon and the Down-Pylon is the bottom end rail.The construction method of the pylon and bottom end rail are asynchronous constructed, which is we put the middle-pylon into the second construction segment, and then go on the bottom end rail.During the peri-od, pylon will appear cantilever state, so the weak section prone to tensile stress;it is to be avoided in the bridge construction.The pur-pose of this paper is to simulate asynchronous process, to analyze the influence to the tower, and to give the corresponding construction measures.%某特大桥索塔采用钻石型混凝土索塔,索塔总高度为177.91 m,在下塔柱与中塔柱相交位置设置一道下横梁。施工中塔柱与下横梁采用异步施工,即先将中塔柱施工到第二节段再进行下横梁施工。期间,索塔会出现悬臂状态,故索塔的薄弱截面易出现拉应力,这在桥梁施工中是要避免的,为此,先通过模拟分析异步施工过程对索塔的影响,给出相应的施工控制措施。

  16. Committee VI.1. Extreme Hull Girder Loading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jørgen Juncher

    2000-01-01

    Committee Mandate. Evaluate and develop direct calculation procedures for extreme wawe loads on ship hull girders. Due consideration shall be given to stochastic and non-linear effects. The procedures shall be assessed by comparison with in-service experiences, model tests and more refined...

  17. Improving the Dynamics of Suspension Bridges using Active Control Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thoft-Christensen, Palle

    Improving the dynamics of suspension bridge using active control is discussed in this paper. The main dynamic problem with long suspension bridges is the aeroelastic phenomenon called flutter. Flutter oscillations of a bridge girder is a stability problem and the oscillations are perpendicular...

  18. Design of Main Bridge of Hanbei River Jingling Bridge%汉北河竟陵大桥主桥连续梁设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严少波

    2014-01-01

    汉北河竟陵大桥主桥是一座为7跨预应力混凝土连续箱梁桥,桥跨布置为40 m+5×70 m+40 m。结合该桥的设计过程,探讨了该桥的技术标准、结构设计、结构计算、耐久性设计和主要施工方法,从材料、构造措施和施工工艺等方面进行了设计以保证大桥的使用寿命。%Hanbei River Jingling Bridge is a seven span prestressed concrete continuous box girder bridge with the bridge spans arrangement of 40 m+5×70 m+40 m.In accordance with the process of the design of the bridge,this paper discusses the technical standards,structure design,structure calculation,durability design and the main con-struction method.The durability of the bridge is appropriately designed by the rational utilization of materials and structural formation so as to eventually ensure the long-term service life of the bridge.

  19. 砼连续箱梁人行天桥振动特性测试与分析%Vibration characteristics test and analysis on concrete box girder continuous pedestrian bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冠华; 葛耀君

    2009-01-01

    以某座普通钢筋砼连续箱梁人行天桥为工程背景,通过对其振动特性进行大量实测试验,利用有限元理论对结构整体进行计算,深入分析其大幅度竖向、侧向振动的成因,结合实测数据探讨现行人行桥振动舒适度评价方法所存在的不足之处,评价天桥的舒适程度,为该桥的质量检测与评价提供依据,并提出了人行天桥振动舒适性评价建议.这为今后对该类桥梁的设计、维修加固具有实际参考价值.

  20. Research of the Virtual Beam Spacing during Modeling Virtual Beams of Small Box-Girder Bridge%小箱梁桥虚拟横梁建模法中虚横梁间距选取研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛素娟; 李静斌

    2009-01-01

    利用大型有限元通用软件MIDAS对40 m跨小箱梁桥建立实体单元模型和虚拟横梁单元模型,针对不同虚横梁间距模型分别计算了6种荷载工况下的跨中竖向位移,并与实体单元模型跨中竖向位移相比较,得出虚横梁问距为1/10~1/8跨长时,与实体单元的误差最小,建模时依据该结论取虚横梁间距.此结论也可以供其他跨径小箱梁桥建模计算时参考.

  1. 梁格法分析小箱梁桥虚拟横梁刚度模拟%Virtual beam stiffness simulation of grillage method analysis of small box girder bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯文焕; 苏巨峰

    2013-01-01

    采用梁格法分析小箱梁桥时,为了简便准确的模拟虚拟横梁刚度,根据小箱梁桥的横向构造提出一种分段式模拟虚拟横梁的方法,并以一跨30 m简支小箱梁桥为例,通过与板单元模型计算结果对比,验证了这种方法的有效性和准确性.

  2. Fatigue Evaluation of Sutong Bridge Based on Actual Measurement%基于实测的苏通大桥疲劳寿命评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹硕; 张启伟

    2011-01-01

    通过分析苏通大桥钢箱梁疲劳关键部位的实测应变时程,研究了其在正常运营阶段的应力谱的特征和疲劳状况预测.由测得的应力时程可知,绝大部分时刻的应变值都在40με以内,但重车过桥时的瞬时应变值可达120με,远大于一般车辆.由应力谱分析可知,苏通大桥钢箱梁顶板及索梁钢锚箱处应力水平较高.由名义应力法计算可知,苏通大桥钢箱梁疲劳寿命最短的部位为顶板与U肋焊缝,为188年.以目前的交通量和结构状况,苏通大桥不会发生疲劳破坏.%Through analyzing measured strain-time data of typical fatigue places on Sutong bridge, this paper studies its stress spectrum characters under daily traffic and predicts its fatigue life. Measured strain time-data shows that at most times its strain is below 40 με, but instantaneous strain can reach 120 μe when heavy trucks pass the bridge. Through analyzing stress spectrum, it can be seen that roof of the box girder and cablegirder anchor box own higher stress level. Using nominal stress method, the shortest fatigue life of box girder of Sutong bridge is 188 years and the most dangerous place locates at the weld joint of roof and U-shaped rib.In sum, Sutong bridge won' t occur fatigue failure under present tratfie and structure situation.

  3. Finite Element Analysis of the Effect of Crack Depth and Crack Opening On the Girder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Kamrul Hassan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to identify the effect of crack depth and opening on the girder, finite element method (FEM has been used in this paper. In FE analysis, six nodded two dimensional plane elements (PLANE-2 are considered. Each node has two degree of freedom such as UX and UY. For the plane elements, a plane stress width/thickness option is chosen. For analytical model of crack of the concrete bridge girder, crack opening was increased from 0.2 mm to 1mm at an interval 0.2 mm and crack depth also increased from 30 mm to 150 mm at an interval 30 mm. The models were discreatized by a triangular mesh and convergence test was executed to obtain satisfactory results from the Plane-2 element. From the numerical result, it is seen that the principal stress become a higher with increased the crack depth and also crack opening with respect to load increasing. But the crack depth at 90 mm and crack opening at 0.6 mm, it has more effect on the girder because the stress concentration is higher than other crack depth and opening.

  4. Continuous Beam Cantilever of the Luoqing jiang Casting Construction Technology River Extra-large Bridge%洛清江特大桥连续梁悬臂灌筑施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锟

    2011-01-01

    This paper makes an explanation about construction technology for bridge segment No. O, the cantilever casting segment, the cast-in-situ segment and the closure segment under cantilever casting construction of the Luoqingjiang extralarge bridge which is of pre-stressed continuous box girder type. It sums up the key technology for construction of continuous beam of the Luoqingjiang extra-large double line bridge.%详细介绍洛清江双线特大桥预应力砼连续箱梁悬臂灌筑的0号号段、悬灌段、现浇段及合龙段施工技术,从而总结出洛清江双线特大桥连续梁关键施工技术。

  5. Construction Schemes for Main Bridge of Taohuayu Huanghe River Bridge on Wuzhi-Xixia Expressway%武西高速桃花峪黄河大桥主桥施工方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金雷

    2011-01-01

    桃花峪黄河大桥主桥为双塔三跨自锚式悬索桥,跨度布置为(160+406+160) m.桥塔为门式混凝土结构,加劲梁为流线型钢箱梁,主缆采用高强镀锌钢丝预制平行索股.结合该桥主体结构特点和桥位处施工条件,桩基采用旋挖钻机与回旋钻机结合施工,水中承台采用钢管桩围堰施工,岸边承台采用大开挖配合深井降水施工;塔柱采用液压自升式爬模施工,塔柱上横梁采用托架法施工,下横梁采用支架法施工;上部结构采用先梁后缆顺序施工,加劲梁利用单向多点顶推计算机控制系统进行各点同步顶推施工,与钢锚梁合龙后采用PPWS法施工主缆,主缆完成体系转换后进行桥面系施工.%The main bridge of Taohuayu Huanghe River Bridge is a two-tower and three-span self-anchored suspension bridge with span arrangement (160+406+ 160) m. The towers of the bridge are the concrete portal frames, the stiffening girder is the streamlined steel box girder and the high strength galvanized prefabricated parallel wire strands (PPWS) are used for the main cables. In the light of the characteristics of the principal structure of the bridge and the construction conditions at the bridge site, the pile foundations were constructed by the combined application of rotary boring machine and abrasion boring machine, the in-water pile caps by the steel pipe pile cofferdams and the pile caps nearby the river banks by the mass excavation combined with the deep well dewatering. The tower columns were constructed by the hydraulic self-climbing formwork, the upper cross beams of the columns by the bracketing method and the lower cross beams by the scaffolding method. The superstructure was constructed by the sequence of “erecting the girder first and cables late”. The stiffening girder was erected by the one-way, multi-point and synchronous incremental launching controlled by computer system and after the girder was closed with the steel anchor

  6. Construction and control technology of the main bridge superstructure of Sutong Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Hong; Luo Chenbin; Zhang Yongtao; You Xinpeng

    2009-01-01

    The Sutong Yangtze River Bridge (short as Sutong Bridge) is now the largest span cable-stayed bridge in the world. The construction of the superstructure of the middle bridge covered several stages including erection of the big block girders for the side span, assistant span and tower area, erection of standard girders and closure of the middle span. The big block girders were hoisted by a floating crane, and the standard girders were hoisted by a double crane system on the deck. The pushing assistant method was adopted for the middle span closure construction. Furthermore, key technologies and innovative methods used in the processes of girder erection and cable assemblage in all stages were expatiated systematically. An all-stage self- adaptive geometry control method was used in the construction process. By accurately controlling the unstressed dimensions and shape of all structural components in each step, and realization that the control system and the controlled system adapt to each other, the goal was to make control of the final line shape and inner force of the bridge structure achievable. Two solutions, including GPS based and total station based dynamic geometry monitoring systems, were used to resolve the measure problem under the wide-range of wind-induced vibrations in the long cantilever state. Finally, research on the wind-induced vibration of the superstructure during the construction period was executed. Buffeting response analysis to the longest single and double cantilever states were carried out. The analysis and evaluation of wind resistance safety of the main girders under the longest single cantilever state was made, and corresponding wind resistance measures were suggested. The as-built geometric error and cable force error were controlled in a required design range, and this whole technological achievement can be a benchmark for construction of other large span cable-stayed bridges in the future.

  7. On the Box Bridge Jacking Construction of the Expressway Under-passing Railway%浅谈高速公路下穿铁路箱桥顶进施工

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗伦英

    2014-01-01

    Taking the second-stage project of Shangqiu-Zhoukou Expressway under-passing the Beijing-Kowloon Railway Interchange as an example, this paper explores the box jacking bridge construction.%本文以商丘至周口高速公路商丘段二期工程穿越京九铁路立交工程为例,对箱桥顶进施工进行探讨。

  8. Solid Modeling and Finite Element Analysis of an Overhead Crane Bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Alkin

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The design of an overhead crane bridge with a double box girder has been investigated and a case study of a crane with 35 ton capacity and 13 m span length has been conducted. In the initial phase of the case study, conventional design calculations proposed by F. E. M. Rules and DIN standards were performed to verify the stress and deflection levels. The crane design was modeled using both solids and surfaces. Finite element meshes with 4-node tetrahedral and 4-node quadrilateral shell elements were generated from the solid and shell models, respectively. After a comparison of the finite element analyses, the conventional calculations and performance of the existing crane, the analysis with quadratic shell elements was found to give the most realistic results. As a result of this study, a design optimization method for an overhead crane is proposed. 

  9. Self-compacting concrete for prestressed bridge girders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkmen, Bulent

    The purpose of this study was to examine social mobility as a motivation for first-generation college students in reaching attainment at two-year technical colleges. The research question was to what degree has the perception of social mobility influenced first generation college students at technical colleges to complete their career educational goals. Graduates of a two-year technical college were asked a series of open-ended questions regarding their past experiences and perceptions of attending and completing a two-year technical college program; their childhood perceptions of their social status; and experiences with family members regarding their change in social class status. These questions were designed to determine their feelings, viewpoints, reflections, experiences, struggles, and thoughts about attainment (completing their post-secondary education) and the extent to which social mobility influenced their decision to complete their education. The benefits of this research include an understanding of social mobility and educational attainment. Results of this study could be used to better understand the process that first generation college students go through in order to attain their educational goals. The information from this study may be useful for technical college administrations to help design programs and processes for future first-generation college students' success and aid in retention of these students.

  10. Effects of CFRP Strengthening on Dynamic and Fatigue Responses of Composite Bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kittisak Kuntiyawichai

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the effect of CFRP strengthening on dynamic and fatigue responses of composite bridge using finite element program ABAQUS. Dynamic and fatigue responses of composite bridge due to truck load based on AASHTO standard are investigated. Two types of CFRP strengthening techniques, CFRP sheets and CFRP deck, are applied to both the damaged and undamaged bridges. For the case of damaged bridge, two through-thickness crack sizes, 3 mm and 6 mm in depth, are assumed at midspan of the steel girders. Furthermore, effects of the number of steel girders on the dynamic and fatigue responses are also considered. The results show that the maximum responses of composite bridges occur for dual lane cases. By using CFRP as a strengthening material, the maximum stress and deflection of the steel girders reduce and consequently increase the fatigue life of the girders. After introducing initial crack into the steel girders of the composite bridges, the fatigue life of the bridges is dramatically reduced. However, the overall performance of the damaged composite bridge can be improved by using CFRP, albeit with less effectiveness. Therefore, if cracks are found, steel welding must be performed before strengthening the composite bridge by CFRP.

  11. Influence of the new LRFD seismic guidelines on the design of bridges in Virginia

    OpenAIRE

    M.A. Widjaja; Roberts-Wollmann, Carin L.

    2004-01-01

    The Virginia Department of Transportation is currently using the AASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, with some modifications, for its seismic highway bridge design. In April 2001, the Recommended LRFD Guidelines for the Seismic Design of Highway Bridges were published. The influence of the LRFD Guidelines on Virginia bridges was investigated by analyzing two existing bridges. The first bridge has prestressed concrete girders and is located in the Richmond area. The second brid...

  12. Critical Strength of steel Girder Web

    OpenAIRE

    Pratibha M Alandkar; Sandeep M Shiyekar; Mukund R Shiyekar

    2016-01-01

    When a member is subjected to combined action of bending moment, shear and axial force, bending moment & axial force is assumed to resist by whole section and shear is resisted by web only. In such case web shall be designed for combined shear and axial force. The present study determines the strength of web of steel girder under the action of pure shear, pure axial force and combination of it. The classical plate buckling theory is already established to determine the critical buckling st...

  13. 大门大桥引桥过桥管线作用效应研究%Study of Action Effect of Pipelines Across Approach Bridge of Damen Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄小将; 马芹刚; 王丰平; 庄庆华; 周海旺

    2011-01-01

    To study the degree of the influence of pipelines across bridge on the working performance of the bridge itself, the approach bridge (a continuous box girder bridge) of the Damen Bridge in Wenzhou City was cited as an example. On the basis of comparison of the different pipeline layout schemes, it was determined that the layout scheme of special zones for the pipelines on both sides of the deck of the bridge should be adopted and the dynamic and static force analysis and study were made for the influence of the pipelines on the bridge structure. The results of the analysis and study indicate that the midspan deflection of the bridge caused by the water load can be ignored as compared to the midspan deflection subjected to the short-term load combination. Thoughthe fluctuation ranges of natural frequency of the continuous girder structure of the bridge and constant flow frequency in the pipelines are different, the two kinds of the frequencies do not result in resonance. The stress increment in normal section of the bridge caused by the water load is less than 1 Mpa, which will be not enough to influence the safe operation of the bridge.%为了研究过桥管线对桥梁工作性能的影响程度,以温州市大门大桥工程引桥(连续箱梁桥)为工程背景,通过对管线布置方案的比选,确定该桥采用桥面两侧“管线专用区域”的布置方案;并就输水管道对桥梁结构的影响进行静、动力分析研究.研究表明,水荷载引起的桥梁跨中挠度与荷载短期效应组合下跨中挠度相比,可以忽略;连续梁结构的固有频率与输水管道内恒定流频率的波动范围不同,二者不会产生共振现象;水荷载引起的桥梁结构正截面应力增量小于1 MPa,不足以影响桥梁的安全运营.

  14. Damage Detection for Long-Span Cable-Stayed Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Ling; Li Aiqun; Miao Changqing; Wang Yonglan

    2006-01-01

    Based on the updated finite-element model of a cable-stayed bridge, this study investigates the technique of identifying damage existing in cable or girder by means of numerical simulation. The modal analysis is performed to identify the changes in modal frequencies and curvatures caused by damage, and the static analysis is executed to detect the influence of damage on cable force. The results indicate a relatively significant decrease in frequencies of lower vertical bending modes due to the damage in cable and little change of frequencies due to damage in girder. Different sensitivities to the location of damaged cable are observed from the frequency changes of different bending modes, which can be used to initially locate the damaged cable. The damage in either cable or girder can be further localized by the most significant change in curvature of girder. The damage occurred in a cable produces a remarkable change in force of nearby cables, whereas the damage in girder brings little change of cable forces. In addition, a pragmatic approach for localizing the damage in girder or cable is proposed based on a comprehensive utilization of the changes in frequency of vertical bending modes, modal curvature of girder, and force in cables.

  15. 悬臂施工波形钢腹板组合梁桥施工工艺%The cantilever construction of corrugated steel webs in bridge construction technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾强; 彭更生; 杜亚江

    2013-01-01

    The Fourth Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge north line of Chuhe bridge using web PC composite box girder bridge with corrugated steel. This type of bridge is a kind of high efficient,economic,simple con-struction of the new bridge form. This type of bridge,appropriately to steel,concrete of two different materials together,improves the intensity and stability of material structure,the usage efficiency. The bridge construction can provide a reference for the construction of the same type bridge.%  南京长江第四大桥北接线滁河特大桥采用波形钢腹板预应力混凝土组合箱梁桥。该类型桥是一种高效、经济、施工简便的新型桥梁形式。该类型桥恰当地将钢和混凝土两种不同材料结合起来,提高了结构稳定性、强度及材料的使用效率等。该桥的施工可为同类型桥的施工提供参考。

  16. Overall Design and Study of South and North Bridges of Xiazhang Sea-Crossing Bridge%厦漳跨海大桥南、北汊桥总体设计与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王福敏; 罗强; 李军

    2013-01-01

    厦漳跨海大桥主要由北汊桥、海门岛立交及收费服务区、南汊桥、海平立交四大部分组成,全长9.333 km.为适应复杂的自然与建设条件,对该桥桥位方案进行比选,并对项目中关键控制性工程(北汊主桥、南汊主桥)的桥型方案进行研究.经研究,最终确定北汊主桥采用主跨780m的五跨连续钢箱梁斜拉桥方案,南汊主桥采用主跨300 m的结合梁斜拉桥方案.针对项目中复杂的地质条件、高地震烈度和恶劣的风环境,分别采取设置适应性强的桩基础,对较差的桩基地质注浆;按抗震要求进行构造设计,在主桥塔梁处设置纵向阻尼器,引桥设置减隔震支座;北汊主桥采用一种翼型扶手栏杆、南汊主桥采用分流板抗风等措施进行处理.%The Xiazhang Sea-Crossing Bridge,totally 9.333 km long,is composed of four major parts of the north bridge,Haimen Island interchange and toll service area,south bridge and Haiping interchange.To accommodate the complicated natural and construction conditions of the bridge,the bridge site schemes were compared and the bridge type schemes for the critical control projects (the north and south main bridges) were studied.According to the study,it was finally determined that the 5-span continuous steel box girder cable-stayed bridge with a main span 780 m would be adopted for the north main bridge and the composite girder cable-stayed bridge with a main span 300 m would be adopted for the south main bridge.In consideration of the complicated geologic conditions,high intensity earthquake and harsh wind environment,the well adaptive pile foundations were respectively utilized.For the pile foundations at the locations with poor geology,the foundations would be grouted.The structures of the bridge were designed in compliance with the seismic resistance requirements.At the connections between the pylons and girders of the main bridges,the longitudinal dampers were arranged and on the piers

  17. 结合梁桥面系异形钢箱拱肋系杆拱桥设计%Design of Special-shaped Steel Box Arch Rib Bowstring Arched Bridge of Bonding Beam Deck System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文勃

    2009-01-01

    The main bridge of Putian Chenggang Avenue Bridge crossing Molan River is the special-shaped bowstring arched bridge of 2-span simple-supported double-rib half-through steel box arch rib bonding beam deck system. The single span is 72 m long and the bridge is 47.5 m wide with city-Class A load and double-direction of 8 lanes. Taking the preliminary design and construction drawing design of this bridge as the basis, the article introduces the scheme study of bridge type, structural design of main bridge and analysis of structural calculation of the special-shaped bowstring arched bridge, and analyzes some technical characteristics of this bridge. The design method of the main bridge inclined crossed with the curve river, the design thinks of bonding beam in the arched bridge, the temporary constructed supporting point for improving the structural bearing, and the design method of special arch rib modeling can be referred for the design of the similar bridges.%莆田城港大道跨木兰溪大桥主桥是两跨简支的双肋下承式钢箱拱肋结合梁桥面系的异形系杆拱桥,单跨跨径72m,桥宽47.5m,城一A级荷载,双向8车道.该文以该桥的初步设计和施工图设计为基础,介绍了异形系杆拱桥的桥型方案研究、主桥结构设计、结构计算分析等内容,并分析了该桥的一些技术特点.该桥的弯曲河道斜交主桥设计方法、结合梁在拱桥中的设计思想、结合梁横梁设置临时支点改善结构受力、独特拱肋造型的设计方法等内容,可供类似桥梁设计时参考.

  18. Hybrid networking sensing system for structural health monitoring of a concrete cable-stayed bridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torbol, Marco; Kim, Sehwan; Chien, Ting-Chou; Shinozuka, Masanobu

    2013-04-01

    The purpose of this study is the remote structural health monitoring to identify the torsional natural frequencies and mode shapes of a concrete cable-stayed bridge using a hybrid networking sensing system. The system consists of one data aggregation unit, which is daisy-chained to one or more sensing nodes. A wireless interface is used between the data aggregation units, whereas a wired interface is used between a data aggregation unit and the sensing nodes. Each sensing node is equipped with high-precision MEMS accelerometers with adjustable sampling frequency from 0.2 Hz to 1.2 kHz. The entire system was installed inside the reinforced concrete box-girder deck of Hwamyung Bridge, which is a cable stayed bridge in Busan, South Korea, to protect the system from the harsh environmental conditions. This deployment makes wireless communication a challenge due to the signal losses and the high levels of attenuation. To address these issues, the concept of hybrid networking system is introduced with the efficient local power distribution technique. The theoretical communication range of Wi-Fi is 100m. However, inside the concrete girder, the peer to peer wireless communication cannot exceed about 20m. The distance is further reduced by the line of sight between the antennas. However, the wired daisy-chained connection between sensing nodes is useful because the data aggregation unit can be placed in the optimal location for transmission. To overcome the limitation of the wireless communication range, we adopt a high-gain antenna that extends the wireless communication distance to 50m. Additional help is given by the multi-hopping data communication protocol. The 4G modem, which allows remote access to the system, is the only component exposed to the external environment.

  19. Embedded Electromechanical Impedance and Strain Sensors for Health Monitoring of a Concrete Bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dansheng Wang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Piezoelectric lead zirconate titanate (PZT is one of the piezoelectric smart materials, which has direct and converse piezoelectric effects and can serve as an active electromechanical impedance (EMI sensor. The design and fabrication processes of EMI sensors embedded into concrete structures are presented briefly. Subsequently, finite element modeling and modal analysis of a continuous rigid frame bridge are implemented by using ANSYS and MIDAS and validated by the field test results. Uppermost, a health monitoring technique by employing the embedded EMI and strain sensors is proposed in this paper. The technique is not based on any physical model and is sensitive to incipient structural changes for its high frequency characteristics. A practical study on health monitoring of the continuous rigid frame bridge is implemented based on the EMI and strain signatures. In this study, some EMI and strain sensors are embedded into the box-sectional girders. The electrical admittances of distributed EMI active sensors and the strains of concrete are measured when the bridge is under construction or in operation. Based on the electrical admittance and strain measurements, the health statuses of the continuous rigid frame bridge are monitored and evaluated successfully in the construction and operation stages using a root-mean-square deviation (RMSD index.

  20. 大跨度连续梁拱组合桥梁轨互制特征%Track-bridge Interaction of Combination Bridge with Long-span Continuous Beam Arch

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟民

    2016-01-01

    To study the characteristics of track-beam interaction of the combination bridge with long-span continuous beam arch, a rigid frame arch combination bridge with (34+160+34) m continuous steel-box girder tied-arch on Meizhou-Chaoshan railway line is referenced. A track-arch-beam-pier integration space model is established to simulate track longitudinal resistance with ideal elastic-plastic model. The distribution of track longitudinal force is analyzed. The girder stress, the rotation angle at bridge end, and the longitudinal reaction at pier bottom are compared with or without track effects. Results show that rail longitudinal force is great at the beam end farther away from the fixed support of the combination bridge with continuous beam arch; the maximum expansion stress reaches to 114. 0 MPa, but the rail strength meets the requirements without rail expansion devices;the track structure has great impact on the stress of girder under the action of temperature load or braking force and it also has great impact on rotation angle at bridge end and on the distribution of longitudinal reaction at pier bottom.%为研究大跨度连续梁拱组合桥梁轨相互作用特征,以梅汕线上某(34+160+34) m刚架系杆拱钢箱连续梁组合桥为背景,采用理想弹塑性模型模拟线路纵向阻力,建立“轨拱梁墩”一体化空间模型,对钢轨纵向力的分布规律进行分析,对是否考虑轨道作用下的主梁应力、梁端转角、墩底纵向反力进行比较。结果表明:连续梁拱组合桥远离固定支座的梁端处钢轨纵向力较大,其中最大伸缩应力达到114.0 MPa,在不设钢轨伸缩调节器时钢轨强度仍满足要求;轨道结构对温度荷载和制动力作用下的主梁应力影响较大;轨道结构对梁端转角及墩底纵向反力的分配亦有较大影响。

  1. BENDING-SHEAR INTERACTION OF LONGITUDINALLY STIFFENED GIRDERS

    OpenAIRE

    Beg, Darko; Sinur, Franc

    2011-01-01

    To understand behaviour of longitudinally stiffened plated girders subjected to high bending moments and shear forces, four tests on large scale test specimens were performed. The results of these tests were used to verify the numerical model, which was employed for further parametric studies. With a verified simplified numerical model a parametric nonlinear analysis was systematically carried out to determine the resistance of longitudinally stiffened plated girders. Based on 630 numerical s...

  2. Bridges analysis, design, structural health monitoring, and rehabilitation

    CERN Document Server

    Bakht, Baidar

    2015-01-01

    This book offers a valuable guide for practicing bridge engineers and graduate students in structural engineering; its main purpose is to present the latest concepts in bridge engineering in fairly easy-to-follow terms. The book provides details of easy-to-use computer programs for: ·      Analysing slab-on-girder bridges for live load distribution. ·      Analysing slab and other solid bridge components for live load distribution. ·      Analysing and designing concrete deck slab overhangs of girder bridges under vehicular loads. ·      Determining the failure loads of concrete deck slabs of girder bridges under concentrated wheel loads. In addition, the book includes extensive chapters dealing with the design of wood bridges and soil-steel bridges. Further, a unique chapter on structural health monitoring (SHM) will help bridge engineers determine the actual load carrying capacities of bridges, as opposed to their perceived analytical capacities. The chapter addressing structures...

  3. Wind Tunnel Experiments with Active Control of Bridge Section Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henriette I.; Thoft-Christensen, Palle

    This paper describes results of wind tunnel experiments with a bridge section model where movable flaps are integrated in the bridge girder so each flap is the streamlined part of the edge of the girder. This active control flap system is patented by COWIconsult and may be used to increase the...... flutter wind velocity for future ultra-long span suspension bridges. The purpose of the wind tunnel experiments is to investigate the principle to use this active flap control system. The bridge section model used in the experiments is therefore not a model of a specific bridge but it is realistic...... compared with a real bridge. Five flap configurations are investigated during the wind tunnel experiments and depending on the actual flap configuration it is possible to decrease or increase the flutter wind velocity for the model....

  4. Design of Concrete Self-Anchored Suspension Bridge of Wusong Bridge in Jilin City%吉林市雾凇大桥混凝土自锚式悬索桥设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟; 唐贺强; 宁伯伟

    2011-01-01

    The main bridge of the Wusong Bridge in Jilin City is a 5-span continuous concrete self-anchored suspension bridge with span arrangement (35+68+150+68+35) m. A summarized account of the design and calculation of the main bridge is presented herewith. On the bridge, the transverse and vertical bearings and the longitudinal dampers are arranged in between the stiffening girder and towers. The girder is of a concrete 3-cell single box section, the depth of a typical segment of the girder is 2.5 m and towards the anchorage sections at the side spans, the segments of the girder gradually change into a depth of 6.5 m. A tower of the bridge is a concrete portal frame structure that is 54 m in height and the tower columns and the cross beams on the towers are all of rectangular hollow sections. Beneath a tower pier are the pile caps of separation type and each pile cap is supported by 9 nos. of Φ2.0 m bored piles. The main cables are respectively made up of Φ5.1 mm galvanized high strength steel wires and the hanger cables are of Φ7.0 mm low relaxation galvanized high strength parallel steel wires. In the design, the finite element software MIDAS Civil 2006, the nonlinear analysis software BNLAS for suspension bridge and the plane program SCDS are employed to calculate and analyze the bridge. The results of the calculation and analysis indicate that all checking calculation made for the bridge can conform to the relevant requirements in the codes.%吉林市雾凇大桥主桥为(35+68+150+68+35)m五跨连续混凝土自锚式悬索桥,综述该桥主桥设计与计算.该桥塔梁间设置横、竖向支座和纵向阻尼器;加劲梁采用单箱三室混凝土截面,标准段梁高2.5 m,在边跨锚固段渐变至6.5 m;桥塔采用门形框架混凝土结构,高54 m,塔身及横梁均采用矩形空心截面;桥塔墩下部采用分离式承台,单个承台布置9根φ2.0 m钻孔灌注桩;主缆采用φ5.1 mm镀锌高强钢丝,吊索采用φ7.0 mm低松弛镀锌高强

  5. Effect of concrete creep on pre-camber of continuous rigid-frame bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺国京; 李媛媛; 邹中权; 段靓靓

    2008-01-01

    The effect of concrete creep on the pre-camber of a long-span pre-stressed concrete continuous rigid-frame bridge constructed by cantilever casting method was investigated.The difference of creep coefficients calculated with two Chinese codes was discussed.Based on the calculations,the pre-camber of a pre-stressed concrete continuous rigid-frame box bridge was computed for construction control purpose.The results show that the short-term creep coefficient and long-term creep coefficient calculated with the CC-1985 are larger than those calculated with the CC-2004,while the medium-term creep coefficient calculated with the CC-1985 is smaller than that calculated with the CC-2004.The difference of creep deformation calculated with these two codes is small,and the influences of concrete creep on the pre-camber for most of the segments are negligible.The deflections and stresses of the box girder measured during the construction stages agree very well with the predictions.

  6. Whole Section Erection and Combination of 64m Simple Supported Box Beam with Large Span Bridge Construction Machine%大跨度造桥机整孔拼架64m简支箱梁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范万祥; 李述宝

    2001-01-01

    结合株六铁路复线南山河特大桥施工实例,介绍了大跨度预应力梁造桥机的构造和功能,以及利用该造桥机进行整孔节段拼架64m简支箱梁的施工工艺。%With the practical example of Nanshanhe huge bridge of Zhu-liu railway double line project,authors introduce the structure and function of stress beam bridge construction machine,and the construction method of whole section erection and combination of 64m simple supported box beam with this machine.

  7. Design of Main Bridge of Xi′nan Bridge in Guigang City,Guangxi%广西贵港西南大桥主桥设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李翠霞; 张巨生

    2015-01-01

    广西贵港市西南大桥主桥为(46+88+280+88+46) m双塔双索面预应力混凝土边主梁斜拉桥。主梁采用等高度带悬臂的矩形混凝土边主梁与“工”字形钢横梁相结合的形式,整幅桥面宽36.5m,设双向2.0%横坡。桥塔采用“鱼”状流线弧形框架钢筋混凝土结构,塔柱高102.5 m,采用外侧为“D”形圆弧段的箱形截面。桥塔设上、下横梁,均采用预应力混凝土单箱单室结构。全桥共设136根斜拉索,斜拉索采用φs 15.2 m m镀锌钢绞线索,空间双索面扇形布置。桥塔墩采用分离式基础,上、下游分离式基础中心距34.7 m ,其下各设9根φ2.5 m钻孔桩。承台为正方形钢筋混凝土结构。4号墩顶面设一圆端形塔座。%The main bridge of the Xi′nan Bridge in Guigang City ,Guangxi is a prestressed concrete edge main girders cable‐stayed bridge with double pylons ,double cable planes and with span arrangement (46+88+280+88+46) m .T he main girders of the bridge are of the structural type combining the rectangular concrete edge main girders having constant depth and cantilevers with the I‐shape steel cross beams .The width of the whole bridge deck is 36 .5 m and the deck is provided with dual 2 .0% transverse slopes .A pylon of the bridge is the“fish”‐shape streamlined arc frame reinforced concrete structure that is 102 .5 m in height and the outer side of the pylon is of the“D”‐shape round arc box section .The upper and lower cross beams of the pylon are all the prestressed concrete single‐cell single‐box structures .There are totally 136 stay cables arranged for the whole bridge .The stay cables are the φs 15 .2 mm galvanized steel wire strand cables and are arranged in fan shape and spatial double cable planes .The pylon pier is supported on the sep‐arated foundations .T he center‐to‐center distance of the foundations on the upstream and dow n‐stream sides is 34 .7

  8. Evaluation of an existing bridge`s modal properties using simplified finite element analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farrar, C.R.; Duffey, T.A.

    1996-02-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present results of a simplified approach to the dynamic finite element modeling of composite girder-slab bridges using a single beam element to represent the girder-slab cross section. Dynamic properties calculated with these simplified models are compared to experimental results and results obtained from more detailed shell element models. The method for modeling flexural behavior is first discussed followed by a discussion of modeling torsional behavior. The beam element models accurately calculated the mode shapes of the structure, but the associated resonant frequencies showed some error.

  9. Design of Danyang Road Bridge in Heze City%菏泽市丹阳路大桥设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟

    2015-01-01

    菏泽市丹阳路大桥为(40+100+240+100+40) m 双塔中央单索面半飘浮体系混凝土斜拉桥。该桥塔、墩固结,主梁与塔、墩间设置横、竖向支座和纵向液压阻尼器;主梁采用单箱三室斜腹板截面,高3.6m。桥塔采用顺桥向人字形的独柱混凝土塔,高68.2m,单箱单室矩形空心截面。人字形塔柱穿过主梁,与墩身顺接,墩身采用十字形空心薄壁截面,矩形承台,布置33根φ2.0m钻孔灌注桩。辅助墩和交接墩均采用花瓶形双柱式框架墩,矩形承台,布置8根φ1.5m钻孔灌注桩。斜拉索采用φ7 mm镀锌高强平行钢丝束。采用MIDAS Civil 2006和SCDS平面程序对该桥进行计算分析,结果表明该桥各项检算均满足规范要求。%T he Danyang Road Bridge in Heze City is a semi‐floating system concrete cable‐stayed bridge with double pylons ,a central single cable plane and with span arrangement (40+100+240+100+40) m .T he pylons and piers of the bridge are rigidly fixed and in betw een the main girder and pylons and piers ,the lateral and vertical bearings and the longitudinal hydraulic damp‐ers are arranged .The cross section of the main girder is the section of triple‐cell single box with in‐clined webs and the girder is 3 .6 m in depth .In the longitudinal direction of the bridge ,a pylon is the single‐column concrete pylon in the shape of inverted Y ,is 68 .2 m in height and the cross sec‐tion of the pylon is the rectangular hollow section of single‐cell single box .The inverted Y‐shape pylon passes through the main girder and is smoothly fixed with the pylon pier .The cross section of the pylon pier is the crisscross hollow thin‐wall section and the pier stands on the rectangular pile cap under w hich 33 nos .of φ2 .0 m bored piles are arranged .T he auxiliary piers and boundary piers are all the vase‐shape double‐column frame piers and respectively stand on each rectangular

  10. A Cyber-Physical System for Girder Hoisting Monitoring Based on Smartphones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Ruicong; Zhao, Xuefeng; Yu, Yan; Guan, Quanhua; Hu, Weitong; Li, Mingchu

    2016-07-07

    Offshore design and construction is much more difficult than land-based design and construction, particularly due to hoisting operations. Real-time monitoring of the orientation and movement of a hoisted structure is thus required for operators' safety. In recent years, rapid development of the smart-phone commercial market has offered the possibility that everyone can carry a mini personal computer that is integrated with sensors, an operating system and communication system that can act as an effective aid for cyber-physical systems (CPS) research. In this paper, a CPS for hoisting monitoring using smartphones was proposed, including a phone collector, a controller and a server. This system uses smartphones equipped with internal sensors to obtain girder movement information, which will be uploaded to a server, then returned to controller users. An alarming system will be provided on the controller phone once the returned data exceeds a threshold. The proposed monitoring system is used to monitor the movement and orientation of a girder during hoisting on a cross-sea bridge in real time. The results show the convenience and feasibility of the proposed system.

  11. A Cyber-Physical System for Girder Hoisting Monitoring Based on Smartphones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Ruicong; Zhao, Xuefeng; Yu, Yan; Guan, Quanhua; Hu, Weitong; Li, Mingchu

    2016-01-01

    Offshore design and construction is much more difficult than land-based design and construction, particularly due to hoisting operations. Real-time monitoring of the orientation and movement of a hoisted structure is thus required for operators' safety. In recent years, rapid development of the smart-phone commercial market has offered the possibility that everyone can carry a mini personal computer that is integrated with sensors, an operating system and communication system that can act as an effective aid for cyber-physical systems (CPS) research. In this paper, a CPS for hoisting monitoring using smartphones was proposed, including a phone collector, a controller and a server. This system uses smartphones equipped with internal sensors to obtain girder movement information, which will be uploaded to a server, then returned to controller users. An alarming system will be provided on the controller phone once the returned data exceeds a threshold. The proposed monitoring system is used to monitor the movement and orientation of a girder during hoisting on a cross-sea bridge in real time. The results show the convenience and feasibility of the proposed system. PMID:27399710

  12. A Cyber-Physical System for Girder Hoisting Monitoring Based on Smartphones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruicong Han

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Offshore design and construction is much more difficult than land-based design and construction, particularly due to hoisting operations. Real-time monitoring of the orientation and movement of a hoisted structure is thus required for operators’ safety. In recent years, rapid development of the smart-phone commercial market has offered the possibility that everyone can carry a mini personal computer that is integrated with sensors, an operating system and communication system that can act as an effective aid for cyber-physical systems (CPS research. In this paper, a CPS for hoisting monitoring using smartphones was proposed, including a phone collector, a controller and a server. This system uses smartphones equipped with internal sensors to obtain girder movement information, which will be uploaded to a server, then returned to controller users. An alarming system will be provided on the controller phone once the returned data exceeds a threshold. The proposed monitoring system is used to monitor the movement and orientation of a girder during hoisting on a cross-sea bridge in real time. The results show the convenience and feasibility of the proposed system.

  13. A Cyber-Physical System for Girder Hoisting Monitoring Based on Smartphones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Ruicong; Zhao, Xuefeng; Yu, Yan; Guan, Quanhua; Hu, Weitong; Li, Mingchu

    2016-01-01

    Offshore design and construction is much more difficult than land-based design and construction, particularly due to hoisting operations. Real-time monitoring of the orientation and movement of a hoisted structure is thus required for operators’ safety. In recent years, rapid development of the smart-phone commercial market has offered the possibility that everyone can carry a mini personal computer that is integrated with sensors, an operating system and communication system that can act as an effective aid for cyber-physical systems (CPS) research. In this paper, a CPS for hoisting monitoring using smartphones was proposed, including a phone collector, a controller and a server. This system uses smartphones equipped with internal sensors to obtain girder movement information, which will be uploaded to a server, then returned to controller users. An alarming system will be provided on the controller phone once the returned data exceeds a threshold. The proposed monitoring system is used to monitor the movement and orientation of a girder during hoisting on a cross-sea bridge in real time. The results show the convenience and feasibility of the proposed system. PMID:27399710

  14. Analysis and assessment of bridge health monitoring mass data—progress in research/development of "Structural Health Monitoring"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI AiQun; DING YouLiang; WANG Hao; GUO Tong

    2012-01-01

    The "Structural Health Monitoring" is a project supported by National Natural Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars of China (Grant No.50725828).To meet the urgent requirements of analysis and assessment of mass monitoring data of bridge environmental actions and structural responses,the monitoring of environmental actions and action effect modeling methods,dynamic performance monitoring and early warning methods,condition assessment and operation maintenance methods of key members are systematically studied in close combination with structural characteristics of long-span cable-stayed bridges and suspension bridges.The paper reports the progress of the project as follows.(1) The environmental action modeling methods of long-span bridges are established based on monitoring data of temperature,sustained wind and typhoon.The action effect modeling methods are further developed in combination with the multi-scale baseline finite element modeling method for long-span bridges.(2) The identification methods of global dynamic characteristics and internal forces of cables and hangers for long-span cable-stayed bridges and suspension bridges are proposed using the vibration monitoring data,on the basis of which the condition monitoring and early warning methods of bridges are developed using the environmental-condition-normalization technique.(3) The analysis methods for fatigue loading effect of welded details of steel box girder,temperature and traffic loading effect of expansion joint are presented based on long-term monitoring data of strain and beam-end displacement,on the basis of which the service performance assessment and remaining life prediction methods are developed.

  15. 跨104国道特大桥84m钢桁梁高位拼装悬臂顶推架设施工技术%High Position Erection of 84m Steel Truss Girder Super-large Bridge Crossing National Highway No.104 by Catilever Method through Pushing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张锐光; 彭洪波

    2011-01-01

    This article introduces the process of erecting 84m steel truss girder at high position by cantilever method. Steel-pipe columns, elements for military pier 83, Bailey elements were adopted to construct a temporary platform, intermittent chute and continuous gliding chute were designed, beam 87 elements were assembled to form a long guiding beam, jack ZLD150 was adopted for continuous pushing, the erection of steel truss girder was completed. During construction the existing national road traffic was not affected, safety, fast and efficient construction was achieved.%对84 m钢桁梁高位拼装悬臂顶推架设施工过程的研究,旨在总结出一套成熟的施工方法.着重介绍84 m钢桁梁项推施工过程中利用钢管柱、军用八三墩杆件、贝雷梁搭设临时施工平台,采用间断性上滑道,连续性下滑道的设计,通过八七梁杆件组拼的长导梁及ZLD150型千斤顶连续顶推的施工方法,完成了钢桁梁架设.施工过程中未对既有国道行车造成任何影响,具有施工安全、快速、高效的特点.

  16. Study of Shear Stud Connector Layout for Composite Girders%结合梁剪力钉布置形式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯健; 罗扣

    2014-01-01

    为提高结合梁桥桥面板的整体性,并方便施工,对剪力钉集束式(在钢梁腹板的上翼缘每隔一定距离布置1束剪力钉群,各钉群之间留有相应宽度无钉区)布置形式进行研究。通过建立结合梁结构的有限元模型,分别计算恒载、车辆偏载作用下,集束式和均布式(钢梁上翼缘均匀、等间距的剪力钉布置形式)桥面板和剪力钉的滑移量、钢梁的应力、钢梁底板位移等。研究结果表明:剪力钉集束式布置具有桥面板整体性好,施工工序简单等特点;在荷载作用下,剪力钉采用集束式布置能够保证钢梁和混凝土桥面板之间有效传力;汽车偏载作用下,集束式布置也可以保证钢梁与混凝土桥面板之间的有效结合,不会发生桥面板上掀现象。%In order to improve the integrity of the deck of composite girder bridge and for the convenience of construction ,the clustered shear stud connectors arrangement was studied (in the upper flange of the webs of the steel girder ,clusters of shear stud connectors are installed with e-qual intervals and a connector-free zone with certain width among the clusters is reserved ) .The fi-nite element model of the composite girder structure was established to calculate respectively the slip amount of the bridge deck and shear stud connectors ,stress in the steel girder and the dis-placement of the steel girder base plate under the action of dead load and eccentric vehicle load ,for both the clustered arrangement and uniform arrangement (the shear stud connectors are uniformly arranged in the upper flange of the steel girder with equal intervals ) .The results of the study dem-onstrate that the clustered arrangement of shear stud connectors is favorable for the integrity of the bridge deck and simplifies the construction procedures ;under the action of loads ,the clustered ar-rangement of shear stud connectors allows the effective force

  17. Fasting style collapse of a multi-span arch bridge analyze the causes of the box%某多跨空腹式箱形拱桥倒塌成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶奇志; 易汉斌; 俞博

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, a box-shaped multi-span arch bridge collapsed fasting accident, for example, ana-lyze the causes of its collapse. First, the bridge collapse accident scene investigation, proved a bit of geologi-cal bridge pier foundation and Conditions; secondly, according to the findings of the arch structure was seized count;moreover, considering the effect of cutting down on the pile bearing capacity of the river bed;the results show that under the riverbed leads to the bridge substructure cut transition from low pile platform for high pile caps, this time the stakes withstand compressive stress is greater than its carrying capacity, the stakes can not bear the weight of the upper structure, leading to the occurrence of arch collapsed.%本文以某多跨空腹式箱形拱桥倒塌事故为例,对其倒塌成因进行了分析。首先,对桥梁倒塌事故现场进行了调查,探明了桥墩基础及桥位地质条件情况;其次,根据调查结果对拱桥结构进行了检算;此外,考虑了河床下切对桩基承载力的影响;分析结果表明,河床下切导致该桥下部结构从低桩承台转变为高桩承台,此时木桩承受的压应力大于其承载能力,木桩已经不能承担上部结构自重的作用,导致拱桥发生倒塌。

  18. Construction Scheme of EPC Mode Proposed for Main Bridge of Chacao Bridge in Chile%智利查考大桥EPC投标主桥施工方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵有明; 樊挺; 葛国库; 金仓

    2014-01-01

    查考大桥(Puente Chacao )位于智利南部,连接智利本土和奇洛埃岛,由智利公共工程部面向国际招标,采用 EPC模式建设。中国一家联合体提交的投标方案为(216+1045+1190+319) m的三塔两跨连续钢箱梁悬索桥。为了满足招标文件对工程功能及施工工期的要求,对各重要的施工分项经过方案比选后确定:桥塔均采用混凝土塔,塔柱采用液压爬模分节段现浇;南塔和中塔桥塔基础采用扩大基础,北塔采用钻孔灌注桩基础,南、北锚碇均采用重力式锚碇,基坑采用分台阶明挖;加劲梁采用钢箱梁,在国内加工完成后节段整体海运至桥位,采用跨缆吊机吊装架设;主桥设2根主缆,采用PPWS法架设。%Chacao bridge is located in the south of Chile ,linking the mainland and Chiloe Is-land .The tender conducted by Chile′s Department of Public Works is for companies worldwide , and the project will adopt EPC mode . A consortium from China proposed a scheme of (216 +1 045+1 190+319)m three-tower two-span continuous steel box girder suspension bridge .To ac-commodate functions of the project and the construction schedule prescribed in the tender docu-ments ,the solutions for each key construction items were determined through scheme comparison and selection .All the towers are concrete towers ,the columns of which are cast in situ in sections by hydraulic climbing formwork .Spread foundations are chosen for the south and intermediate towers ,and the bored pile foundation for the north tower .The south and north anchor blocks are of gravity type ,foundation pits of which are to be excavated in steps .The stiffening girder adopts steel box girder ,w hich is to be fabricated in China in segments before being shipped to the bridge site .The girder sections will be erected by cable cranes .The main bridge has two main cables which are erected by parallel wire strand method .

  19. 智利查考大桥EPC投标主桥施工方案%Construction Scheme of EPC Mode Proposed for Main Bridge of Chacao Bridge in Chile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵有明; 樊挺; 葛国库; 金仓

    2014-01-01

    查考大桥(Puente Chacao )位于智利南部,连接智利本土和奇洛埃岛,由智利公共工程部面向国际招标,采用 EPC模式建设。中国一家联合体提交的投标方案为(216+1045+1190+319) m的三塔两跨连续钢箱梁悬索桥。为了满足招标文件对工程功能及施工工期的要求,对各重要的施工分项经过方案比选后确定:桥塔均采用混凝土塔,塔柱采用液压爬模分节段现浇;南塔和中塔桥塔基础采用扩大基础,北塔采用钻孔灌注桩基础,南、北锚碇均采用重力式锚碇,基坑采用分台阶明挖;加劲梁采用钢箱梁,在国内加工完成后节段整体海运至桥位,采用跨缆吊机吊装架设;主桥设2根主缆,采用PPWS法架设。%Chacao bridge is located in the south of Chile ,linking the mainland and Chiloe Is-land .The tender conducted by Chile′s Department of Public Works is for companies worldwide , and the project will adopt EPC mode . A consortium from China proposed a scheme of (216 +1 045+1 190+319)m three-tower two-span continuous steel box girder suspension bridge .To ac-commodate functions of the project and the construction schedule prescribed in the tender docu-ments ,the solutions for each key construction items were determined through scheme comparison and selection .All the towers are concrete towers ,the columns of which are cast in situ in sections by hydraulic climbing formwork .Spread foundations are chosen for the south and intermediate towers ,and the bored pile foundation for the north tower .The south and north anchor blocks are of gravity type ,foundation pits of which are to be excavated in steps .The stiffening girder adopts steel box girder ,w hich is to be fabricated in China in segments before being shipped to the bridge site .The girder sections will be erected by cable cranes .The main bridge has two main cables which are erected by parallel wire strand method .

  20. General Construction Scheme for Anqing Changjiang River Railway Bridge%安庆长江铁路大桥总体施工方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    农代培; 季跃华; 徐炳法

    2013-01-01

    安庆长江铁路大桥采用双塔三索面钢桁梁斜拉桥和6孔64 m跨现浇简支箱梁布置形式,铁路4线.深水区3号、4号桥塔墩采用先围堰后平台的双壁钢围堰施工方案;5号墩桩基采用定位桩平台施工方案,承台采用双壁钢围堰施工方案.浅水区6号、7号及W01号、W02号桥墩桩基采用双栈桥加定位桩平台施工方案,承台采用钢板桩围堰施工方案.桥塔起始段采用支架法施工,其余采用大节段液压爬模施工;横梁采用支架法施工,分2层浇注.主桥无索区钢梁采用膺架法架设,桥塔墩有索区钢梁采用架梁吊机对称伸臂架设;在3号墩设置桁内开启式提升站取梁;全桥设2个合龙口,先中跨、后边跨合龙.非通航孔桥64 m箱梁采用支架法现浇施工.水中墩平台、围堰及栈桥考虑不同设防水位.该桥已于2012年12月实现多点精确合龙.%Anqing Changjiang River Railway Bridge was arranged as a 4-track railway steel truss girder cable-stayed bridge with double pylons,triple cable planes and with 6 spans of 64-m cast-in-situ simply-supported box girders.The pylon piers No.3 and No.4 of the bridge in the deep water area were constructed by the scheme of double-wall steel cofferdams,in which the cofferdams were set up first and the working platforms were late.The pile foundation of the pier No.5 was constructed by the positioning pile platform and the pile cap of the pier was constructed by the double-wall steel cofferdam.The pile foundations of the piers No.6,No.7 and the piers W01 and W02 in the shallow water area were constructed by the twin trestle bridges and positioning pile platforms and the pile caps thereof were constructed by the steel sheet pile cofferdams.The starting segments of a pylon were constructed by the scaffolding method while the rest of the segments were constructed by the large segment hydraulic climbing formwork.The cross beam of the pylon was cast in two layers by the scaffolding method

  1. A Damage Prognosis Method of Girder Structures Based on Wavelet Neural Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rumian Zhong

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the basic theory of wavelet neural networks and finite element model updating method, a basic framework of damage prognosis method is proposed in this paper. Firstly, a damaged I-steel beam model testing is used to verify the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed damage prognosis method. The results show that the predicted results of the damage prognosis method and the measured results are very well consistent, and the maximum error is less than 5%. Furthermore, Xinyihe Bridge in the Beijing-Shanghai Highway is selected as the engineering background, and the damage prognosis is conducted based on the data from the structural health monitoring system. The results show that the traffic volume will increase and seasonal differences will decrease in the next year and a half. The displacement has a slight increase and seasonal characters in the critical section of mid span, but the strain will increase distinctly. The analysis results indicate that the proposed method can be applied to the damage prognosis of girder bridge structures and has the potential for the bridge health monitoring and safety prognosis.

  2. Experiments and theory on deck and girder crushing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Bo Cerup; Ocakli, Hasan

    1999-01-01

    This paper is concerned with theoretical and experimental analysis of deep plastic collapse of a deck or deep girder subjected to an in-plane, concentrated load. A theory is derived which is valid until initition of fracture in the structure. The presented experimental results show load-deflectio...

  3. Research on vibration control of steel structural pedestrian bridge from pedestrian excitation%钢结构过街天桥人行激励振动控制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏达; 贾杰; 褚若帆; 孔高强; 张义卓

    2015-01-01

    以钢结构箱形梁过街天桥为例,通过实测数据建立人行荷载模拟,分析行人的舒适度指标,采取阻尼片振动控制措施并分析了减振效果,对今后的过街天桥建设有参考借鉴意义。%Based on the steel box girder pedestrian,the people’s load simulation is established through the measured data,comfortable index is analyzed in this paper. Simultaneously,vibration control measures of the damping is presented and vibration effect is analyzed. These will be the basis of the future construction of the pedestrian bridges.

  4. Synthesis and spectral characterization of mono- and binuclear copper(II) complexes derived from 2-benzoylpyridine-N4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone: Crystal structure of a novel sulfur bridged copper(II) box-dimer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayakumar, K.; Sithambaresan, M.; Aiswarya, N.; Kurup, M. R. Prathapachandra

    2015-03-01

    Mononuclear and binuclear copper(II) complexes of 2-benzoylpyridine-N4-methyl thiosemicarbazone (HL) were prepared and characterized by a variety of spectroscopic techniques. Structural evidence for the novel sulfur bridged copper(II) iodo binuclear complex is obtained by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The complex [Cu2L2I2], a non-centrosymmetric box dimer, crystallizes in monoclinic C2/c space group and it was found to have distorted square pyramidal geometry (Addison parameter, τ = 0.238) with the square basal plane occupied by the thiosemicarbazone moiety and iodine atom whereas the sulfur atom from the other coordinated thiosemicarbazone moiety occupies the apical position. This is the first crystallographically studied system having non-centrosymmetrical entities bridged via thiolate S atoms with Cu(II)sbnd I bond. The tridentate thiosemicarbazone coordinates in mono deprotonated thionic tautomeric form in all complexes except in sulfato complex, [Cu(HL)(SO4)]·H2O (1) where it binds to the metal centre in neutral form. The magnetic moment values and the EPR spectral studies reflect the binuclearity of some of the complexes. The spin Hamiltonian and bonding parameters are calculated based on EPR studies. In all the complexes g|| > g⊥ > 2.0023 and the g values in frozen DMF are consistent with the dx2-y2 ground state. The thermal stabilities of some of the complexes were also determined.

  5. Synthesis and spectral characterization of mono- and binuclear copper(II) complexes derived from 2-benzoylpyridine-N⁴-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone: crystal structure of a novel sulfur bridged copper(II) box-dimer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayakumar, K; Sithambaresan, M; Aiswarya, N; Kurup, M R Prathapachandra

    2015-03-15

    Mononuclear and binuclear copper(II) complexes of 2-benzoylpyridine-N(4)-methyl thiosemicarbazone (HL) were prepared and characterized by a variety of spectroscopic techniques. Structural evidence for the novel sulfur bridged copper(II) iodo binuclear complex is obtained by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The complex [Cu2L2I2], a non-centrosymmetric box dimer, crystallizes in monoclinic C2/c space group and it was found to have distorted square pyramidal geometry (Addison parameter, τ=0.238) with the square basal plane occupied by the thiosemicarbazone moiety and iodine atom whereas the sulfur atom from the other coordinated thiosemicarbazone moiety occupies the apical position. This is the first crystallographically studied system having non-centrosymmetrical entities bridged via thiolate S atoms with Cu(II)I bond. The tridentate thiosemicarbazone coordinates in mono deprotonated thionic tautomeric form in all complexes except in sulfato complex, [Cu(HL)(SO4)]·H2O (1) where it binds to the metal centre in neutral form. The magnetic moment values and the EPR spectral studies reflect the binuclearity of some of the complexes. The spin Hamiltonian and bonding parameters are calculated based on EPR studies. In all the complexes g||>g⊥>2.0023 and the g values in frozen DMF are consistent with the d(x2-y2) ground state. The thermal stabilities of some of the complexes were also determined. PMID:25546494

  6. Parametric Study on Responses of a Self-Anchored Suspension Bridge to Sudden Breakage of a Hanger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenliang Qiu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The girder of self-anchored suspension bridge is subjected to large compression force applied by main cables. So, serious damage of the girder due to breakage of hangers may cause the collapse of the whole bridge. With the time increasing, the hangers may break suddenly for their resistance capacities decrease due to corrosion. Using nonlinear static and dynamic analysis methods and adopting 3D finite element model, the responses of an actual self-anchored suspension bridge to sudden breakage of hangers are studied in this paper. The results show that the sudden breakage of a hanger causes violent vibration and large changes in internal forces of the bridge. In the process of the vibration, the maximum tension of hanger produced by breakage of a hanger exceeds 2.22 times its initial value, and the reaction forces of the bearings increase by more than 1.86 times the tension of the broken hanger. Based on the actual bridge, the influences of some factors including flexural stiffness of girder, torsion stiffness of girder, flexural stiffness of main cable, weight of girder, weight of main cable, span to sag ratio of main cable, distance of hangers, span length, and breakage time of hanger on the dynamic responses are studied in detail, and the influencing extent of the factors is presented.

  7. Parametric study on responses of a self-anchored suspension bridge to sudden breakage of a hanger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Wenliang; Jiang, Meng; Huang, Cailiang

    2014-01-01

    The girder of self-anchored suspension bridge is subjected to large compression force applied by main cables. So, serious damage of the girder due to breakage of hangers may cause the collapse of the whole bridge. With the time increasing, the hangers may break suddenly for their resistance capacities decrease due to corrosion. Using nonlinear static and dynamic analysis methods and adopting 3D finite element model, the responses of an actual self-anchored suspension bridge to sudden breakage of hangers are studied in this paper. The results show that the sudden breakage of a hanger causes violent vibration and large changes in internal forces of the bridge. In the process of the vibration, the maximum tension of hanger produced by breakage of a hanger exceeds 2.22 times its initial value, and the reaction forces of the bearings increase by more than 1.86 times the tension of the broken hanger. Based on the actual bridge, the influences of some factors including flexural stiffness of girder, torsion stiffness of girder, flexural stiffness of main cable, weight of girder, weight of main cable, span to sag ratio of main cable, distance of hangers, span length, and breakage time of hanger on the dynamic responses are studied in detail, and the influencing extent of the factors is presented.

  8. Line type control for construction of a basket-style tied bars arch bridge%某提篮式系杆拱桥施工过程的线形控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫增模

    2015-01-01

    以广州市南沙区凤凰三桥为工程背景,针对该桥拱肋拼装后整体吊装,主梁悬臂拼装的特殊施工过程,精确计算其钢箱拱及钢箱梁的三大线形(成桥线形、安装线形、预拼线形),结合具体的施工方法,揭示了三大线形之间的内部转化关系以及各种线形与施工方法的关联性。%This article took the third Fenghuang bridge located in Nansha district Guangzhou as engineering background. After the bridge arch rib assembly for lifting the overall and the main beam cantilever erection of special construction process,calculate accurately line type( line type of sus-pension bridge,alignment line type,preassembly line type)of the steel box arch and steel box girder. Contacting the specific construction methods, reveal internal transformation of the relationship between the three line type and the correlation of a variety of line type and construction methods.

  9. TMD-Based Structural Control of High Performance Steel Bridges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of structural control using tuned mass damper (TMD) for suppressing excessive traffic induced vibration of high performance steel bridge. The study considered 1-span steel plate girder bridge and bridge-vehicle interaction using HS-24 truck model. A numerical model of steel plate girder, traffic load, and TMD is constructed and time history analysis is performed using commercial structural analysis program ABAQUS 6.10. Results from analyses show that high performance steel bridge has dynamic serviceability problem, compared to relatively low performance steel bridge. Therefore, the structural control using TMD is implemented in order to alleviate dynamic serviceability problems. TMD is applied to the bridge with high performance steel and then vertical vibration due to dynamic behavior is assessed again. In consequent, by using TMD, it is confirmed that the residual amplitude is appreciably reduced by 85% in steady-state vibration. Moreover, vibration serviceability assessment using 'Reiher-Meister Curve' is also remarkably improved. As a result, this paper provides the guideline for economical design of I-girder using high performance steel and evaluates the effectiveness of structural control using TMD, simultaneously.

  10. Experimental Research on Dynamic Characteristics of Cable- stayed Bridge of Liaohe River Grand Bridge of Coastal Highway%滨海公路辽河特大桥斜拉桥动力特性试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓昌宁

    2012-01-01

    Taking the part of cable - stayed bridge of Liaohe River Grand Bridge of coastal highway of Liaoning province as an example, the method of utilizing ansys finite element software to make theoretical analysis on dynamic characteristics of cable - stayed bridge with double tower and double cable steel box girder is introduced, and technical points of dynamic test like field modal test ( pulsation test) of large bridge, slide down, vehicle jump, brake and so on are researched. Through the analysis and comparison of theoretical calculation value and field test result, it shows that the bridge has good dynamic behavior of structure and better wind - resistant stability. Under the effect of general vehicle load, the bridge has good character of service without stress and resonance phenomenon.%以辽宁省滨海公路辽河特大桥斜拉桥部分为例,介绍了利用ansys有限元软件进行双塔双索面钢箱梁斜拉桥动力特性理论分析的方法,研究了大型桥梁现场模态测试(脉动试验)、跑车、跳车、刹车等动态试验的技术要点,通过对理论计算值与现场测试的结果进行分析比较,表明该桥具有良好的结构动力特性,抗风稳定性较好,在常规车辆荷载的作用下,不易出现受迫共振现象,具有良好的使用性能。

  11. Vibration analysis of the Second Saikai Bridge—a concrete filled tubular (CFT) arch bridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshimura, Mistuhiro; Wu, Qingxiong; Takahashi, Kazuo; Nakamura, Shozo; Furukawa, Kazuyoshi

    2006-02-01

    Concrete-filled steel tubular (CFT) arch bridges have been rapidly developing in China since 1990. Research has focused on the static behavior, thermal stress and erection technique, however, and there has been very little research of natural vibrations and dynamic responses of these bridges. Japan's first CFT arch bridge in highway bridges, the Second Saikai Bridge, is now under construction in Nagasaki Prefecture. Furthermore, this bridge has a pedestrian bridge that is suspended under the girder, which is rare. Therefore, the natural vibration properties are examined, and the influence of pedestrian bridge structure on the natural vibration of main bridge is discussed first. Response analysis under a moving vehicle and pedestrian is carried out, and the response characteristics and response level are clarified. The natural vibrations and responses are compared to those of CFT arch bridges that have been constructed in China. Results show the fine performance of both main bridge and pedestrian bridge of the Second Saikai Bridge.

  12. CAD/CAM welding robot system in steel bridge panel fabrication

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugitani, Y.; Kanjo, Y.; Murayama, M. [NKK Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-02-05

    The CAD/CAM welding robot system for steel bridge panel fabrication is reported. The system is composed of two box girder panel sub-assembly lines, one exclusively for web panels and the other for flange panels, and all of the line equipment is controlled through a central control room. A total of 14 articulated-type robots are adopted in the welding stages including reinforcement by stiffener and fillet welding. By adopting a high-speed rotating arc welding process, a welding efficiency is nearly two times as high as that of conventional welding processes, and panel deformation is considerably small because of lower welding heat input. The welding robot system is stable with higher accuracy by use of newly developed joint end and bead end sensing techniques as well as a seam tracking arc sensor system based on the high-speed rotating arc. Through LAN, all of the welding robots are linked to the teachingless CAD/CAM system newly developed for steel bridge fabrication. 6 refs., 22 figs., 5 tabs.

  13. Bento Boxes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasio, Cindy

    2010-01-01

    Bento boxes are common objects in Japanese culture, designed to hold enough lunch for one person. They have individual compartments and sometimes multiple tiers for rice, vegetables, and other side dishes. They are made of materials ranging from wood, cloth, aluminum, or plastic. In general, the greater the number of foods, the better the box is…

  14. 基于实测数据的润扬大桥悬索桥全寿命评估随机温度场模拟%Simulation of stochastic temperature field for Runyang suspension bridge life-cycle evaluation based on monitoring data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周广东; 李爱群; 丁幼亮; 王高新

    2013-01-01

    A stochastic temperature field simulation method for steel box-girder bridge based on moni-toring data is developed to provide sufficient temperature data for life-cycle evaluation.First, the least square estimation and hypothesis testing are employed to analyze the statistical data of monitoring tem-perature and thermal diffeernce of the flat steel-box girder of the Runyan g suspension bridge ( RSB) in five years.Then, a numerical inverse transform sampling method is proposed to simulate sam ple series with the complex statistical model, and the life-cycle stochastci temperature field of the flat steel-box gir der is simulated.The results show that the monitoring temperature of the falt steel-box girder can be described by the we ighted sum of two normal distributions, while the thermal diference among test points can be presented by the weighted su m of the Weibull distribution and the normal distribution. Teh probability distribution function of the sample simulate d by the numercial i nevr set ransform sam-pling method agrese well with the target probability distribution function.T he simulated temperature field can accurately describe the etmperature field's characteristics of the flat steel box-g irder.There-fore, the numerical inverse rt ansform samlping method can accurately simulate the life-cycle stochas tic temperature field of the flat steel box girder of the long-span suspension bridge.%为了得到桥梁全寿命评估的温度数据,提出了一种基于实测数据的钢箱梁桥随机温度场模拟方法。首先,采用最小二乘估计和假设检验,对润扬大桥悬索桥扁平钢箱梁为期5年的实测温度和温差进行了统计分析;然后,提出了一种复杂统计模式下样本序列模拟的数值逆变换抽样方法,并建立了扁平钢箱梁的全寿命评估随机温度场。研究结果表明:扁平钢箱梁实测温度服从2个正态分布的加权和,实测温差则服从1个Weibull分布和1个正态分

  15. Strategies for Seismic Assessment of Common Existing Reinforced Concrete Bridges Typologies

    OpenAIRE

    Morbin, Riccardo

    2013-01-01

    This study concerns a new probabilistic framework to evaluate road/railway bridges after an earthquake by means of analytical fragility curves and inspections on the structure. In particular, the assessment is performed on existing reinforced concrete (RC) bridges with a common structural scheme in Italy (multi-span simply supported girder bridges). The framework is set up of 6 steps and each step is investigated. Steps 1 and 2 are a sort of preliminary work before the seismic event occurs: t...

  16. Critical traffic loading for the design of prestressed concrete bridge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study has been carried out to determine critical traffic loadings for the design of bridge superstructures. The prestressed concrete girder bridge already constructed in Lahore is selected for the analysis as an example. Standard traffic loadings according to AASHTO (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials) and Pakistan Highway Standards are used for this purpose. These include (1) HL-93 Truck, (2) Lane and (3) Tandem Loadings in addition to (4) Military tank loading, (5) Class-A, (6) Class-B and (7) Class-AA loading, (8) NLC (National Logistic Cell) and (9) Volvo truck loadings. Bridge superstructure including transom beam is analyzed Using ASD and LRFD (Load and Resistance Factor Design) provisions of AASHTO specifications. For the analysis, two longer and shorter spans are selected. This includes the analysis of bridge deck; interior and exterior girder; a typical transom beam and a pier. Dead and live loading determination is carried out using both computer aided and manual calculations. Evaluation of traffic loadings is done for all the bridge components to find out the critical loading. HL-93 loading comes out to be the most critical loading and where this loading is not critical in case of bridge decks; a factor of 1.15 is introduced to make it equivalent with HL-93 -Ioading. SAP-2000 (Structural Engineering Services of Pakistan) and MS-Excel is employed for analysis of bridge superstructure subjected to this loading. Internal forces are obtained for the structural elements of the bridge for all traffic loadings mentioned. It is concluded that HL-93 loading can be used for the design of prestressed concrete girder bridge. Bridge design authorities like NHA (National Highway Authority) and different cities development authorities are using different standard traffic loadings. A number of suggestions are made from the results of the research work related to traffic loadings and method of design. These recommendations may be

  17. 双斜塔钢箱梁斜拉桥抗风性能试验研究%Experimental investigation on wind-resistant behavior of double pylon cable stayed bridge with steel box beam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马存明; 陈勉; 王玉柱; 高伟

    2011-01-01

    In order to evaluate wind-resistant behavior of a double pylon cable stayed bridge with steel box beam, dynamic response characteristics of the bridge were analyzed. The aerostatic force coefficient, the critical wind velocity of vibration and vortex-induced vibration response were measured using the combined method of numerical analysis and wind tunnel test, to assess wind-resistant behavior of the bridge. The results showed that the aerodynamic and flutter stability characteristics were good, but there were two obvious vertical vortex-induced resonance regions, and the peak excursion was much larger than the allowable value. Therefore, the bridge needs an aerodynamic shape optimization to reduce or control vortex-induced vibration. By comparing a variety of optimization solutions given by vortex-induced vibration experiments, the most optimized measure for vortex-induced vibration control was to add a fair water fin of 1m wide and 30° incline to the bottom slab.%为了评价某拟建大跨度双斜塔钢箱梁斜拉桥的抗风安全性能,通过数值分析与风洞试验相结合的方法研究其结构动力特性,测定静力三分力系数、颤振临界风速和涡激振动响应,据此分析评估该桥的抗风性能.结果表明,该桥具有较好的气动和颤振稳定性,但存在两个明显的竖向涡激共振区,且最大振幅远超过规定容许值.因此,该桥需要通过气动外形优化,以减小或控制涡激振动.经多种主梁涡激振动性能优化方案对比试验得出其最优措施为轨道内侧增加一条宽1m、与底板夹角成30°的导流板.

  18. Model test study of the static property of the Jiangdong Bridge in Hangzhou%杭州江东大桥静力特性全桥模型试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈锐利; 齐东春; 唐茂林

    2011-01-01

    杭州江东大桥是一座独柱桥塔、空间缆索、分离式钢箱、单跨悬吊、主梁宽达47m的自锚式悬索桥.按照几何缩尺比1:16、力缩尺比1:4的相似比设计了全桥试验模型,利用试验模型研究了结构成桥后的静力力学特性.试验测试r结构的影响线,并根据影响线确定最不利弯矩的加载区间,全面研究了结构在多种工况下的结构行为.试验与理论研究表明,成桥后结构的受力行为基本是线弹性的,可以用线弹性理论进行分析;薄壁、宽箱梁存在明显的剪力滞效应,箱梁截面的应力分布和变形受剪力滞影响较大,主缆和吊索内力受箱梁剪力滞的影响较小.%The Jiangdong Bridge in Hangzhou is a spatial cable self-anchored suspension bridge, width 47m, singlecolumn pylon, separate steel box and single-span suspension. A total bridge model is designed with a geometric scale of 1:16 and a force scale of 1:4, and the structural static property in service stage is studied using model test. Influence lines of internal force and displacement, and the corresponding loading interval for maximum moment are determined.Structural behavior in different situations is thoroughly studied. Test and theoretical analysis show that structural mechanical property is linear for the completed bridge. There exists shear lag effect in the thin-wall wide box girder,which obviously impacts the stress and deformation of the box girder, but the influence on internal forces of the main cables and hangers is quite small.

  19. Vortex-induced vibration of a suspension bridge with central-slotted box section and its control test study%桥面中央开口悬索桥涡激共振与制涡试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳克俭; 陈政清; 韩艳; 李红利

    2009-01-01

    Vortex-induced vibration (VIV) of a suspension bridge with central-slottod box section and its control was studied by use of wind tunnel test. The conversion relationships between the resonant amplitudes of the model and those of the prototype bridge were considered. And the correction coefficients of modal shapes were also presented. Two methods were proposed to control VIV successfully. The second method was able to control VIV effectively under the condition that the section shape was not altered and it could meet the requirements of engineering practice. The test al- so indicated that damping could suppress the amplitudes of VIV notably.%研究了中央开口断面悬索桥涡振及其控制风洞试验.考虑了模型涡振幅值和和实桥涡振幅值之间换算的修正系数,风洞试验表明中央开口是导致该种断面形式涡激振动发生的主要原因.所设计的两种制涡方案都能达到控制涡振的目的,在不改变断面形式等因素的前提下,设计的制涡方案二能有效控制涡振,符合工程实际要求.同时试验也表明,阻尼能大幅降低涡振幅值.

  20. 城市轨道交通双线桥上无缝线路挠曲力研究%Analysis of the Flexural Forces in CWR on Double-track Bridges of Urban Rail Transit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冬梅; 倪向阳; 王慧珺

    2012-01-01

    针对城市轨道交通中新应用的双线U型梁和传统的双线箱型梁两种不同形式桥梁,用有限元法计算分析桥上无缝线路附加挠曲力及附加挠曲位移的分布,着重研究线路纵向阻力、桥梁跨度和桥墩刚度等参数变化对桥上无缝线路钢轨受力、桥墩受力及桥梁挠度的影响.研究结果表明,线路纵向阻力、桥梁跨度对钢轨挠曲力的影响较大,而桥墩纵向刚度对钢轨挠曲力的影响较小,为城市轨道交通设计提供理论参考依据.%Two types of urban rail transit double-track bridges are considered including the new type U-beam bridge and the traditional type box-girder bridge. The additional flexural forces and displacement distribution in CWR on the bridges have been calculated by finite element method. This paper carried out a detailed analysis on the flexural forces in tracks, the pier forces and bridge deflections owing to the changes in the longitudinal resistance, bridge spans and pier stiffness. Results showed that longitudinal resistance, bridge spans affect the rail additional flexural forces to a larger extent and the pier stiffness less affects the rail additional flexural forces. These results can provide a theoretical basis for the design of urban rail transit bridges.

  1. 高速铁路桥梁移动模架结构计算及预拱度设置%Calculation of Movable Die Carrier and Determination of Pre-camber of Bridge of High-speed Railway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴尚德

    2013-01-01

    Research purposes: The bridges in the special sections of the Shenyang - Dandong Passenger Dedicated Line needed to be built by using the bridging machine with movable die carrier because of the natural environment conditions. The calculation was made to verify the design and manufacturing qualities of the MZ900S type Bridging machine with upstriker movable die carrier, know the actual deflection and stiffness of the bridging machine under the various working states during construction of cast - in - situ box girder and determine the reasonable pre - camber according to the y = 0. 121 3x2 -30. 1 for the purpose of ensuring the bridging machine in the good working state in service. Research conclusions: (1) The calculation and heaped loading test showed the strength, stiffness, manufacturing quality and assembly quality of the movable die carrier met the design requirements and the pre - camber was reasonable according to the y = 0. 121 3x2 -30. 1. (2) The movable die carrier had the features of the clear loading on the structure, good adaptability, perfect functions and high mechanization. (3) The movable die carrier met the construction requirements for the 24 m box girder, the curve bridge, the bidirectional 32 m box girder with assembly of integrated 32 m bridge opening.%研究目的:根据沈丹客运专线沿线桥梁桥址所处自然环境条件,对于部分特殊地段桥梁,需采用移动模架造桥机施工.本研究旨在通过实际计算验证MZ900S型上行式移动模架造桥机设计和制造质量,同时准确掌握现浇箱梁施工过程中模架造桥机各工况下的实际挠度和刚度,以确保设备在投入使用后能正常工作.研究结论:(1)计算及堆载试验表明移动模架强度、刚度、加工质量和拼装质量满足设计要求,按y=0.121 3x2-30.1设置预拱度是合理性的;(2)具有结构受力明确,适应能力强,功能完备,机械化程度高等优点;(3)可满足24 m箱梁、曲线桥梁、双向、32

  2. 大跨径钢箱提篮拱桥空间稳定性分析%Analysis of Spatial Stability of Long Span Steel Box Basket Handle Arch Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹正洲; 冯玉涛; 沈逢俊

    2011-01-01

    随着提篮拱桥跨径的增加,其空间稳定性问题愈发突出,为对大跨径提篮拱桥稳定性以及各稳定性影响因素进行分析,可采用线性屈曲和非线性屈曲2种方法.重庆朝阳复建桥为主跨274 m的中承式钢箱提篮拱桥,通过建立空间有限元模型对结构线弹性稳定及几何非线性稳定进行分析表明:考虑几何非线性因素后结构的1阶稳定系数显著减小,几何非线性对结构稳定性影响显著.对影响结构整体稳定性的因素进行计算分析表明:拱肋内倾角变化对稳定性影响较大,提篮拱内倾角增大,结构的1阶稳定系数增加,但过大的内倾角将导致拱肋扭转失稳;随着矢跨比(宽跨比)的增加,结构的1阶稳定系数增大(减小);横撑、吊杆布置形式对结构稳定性影响较小.%With the increase of span length of basket handle arch bridge, the problem of spatial stability of the bridge becomes even more prominent.For analysis of the stability and the factors having influence on the stability of long span basket handle arch bridge, two methods of the linear buckling analysis and nonlinear buckling analysis may be used.The Chaoyang Rebuilt Bridge in Chongqing is a half-through steel box basket handle arch bridge with a main span 274 m.The linear elastic stability and geometric nonlinear stability of the structure are analyzed, using the spatial finite element models.The results of the analysis show that as the geometric nonlinear factors are taken into account, the 1st order stability coefficient of the structure apparently decreases and the influence of the geometric nonlinearity on the stability of the structure is apparent.The factors having influence on the global stability of the structure are also calculated and analyzed.The results of the calculation show that the influence of variations of the leaning angle of arch rib on the stability is great.As the leaning angle of the basket handle arch increases, the 1st order

  3. Virtual box

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stougaard, Malthe Kirkhoff

    2007-01-01

    Mediated intimacy is the phenomenon where humans use technologies to express, share, or communicate intimate feelings with each other. Typically, technologies supporting mediated intimacy encompass different characteristics than technologies designed to solve specific work-oriented tasks. This pa......Mediated intimacy is the phenomenon where humans use technologies to express, share, or communicate intimate feelings with each other. Typically, technologies supporting mediated intimacy encompass different characteristics than technologies designed to solve specific work-oriented tasks....... This paper reports on the design, implementation and initial evaluation of Virtual Box. Virtual Box attempts to create a physical and engaging context in order to support reciprocal interactions with expressive content. An implemented version of Virtual Box is evaluated in a location-aware environment...

  4. Comprehensive Real-Time Bridge Health Monitoring System of Tongtai Bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Su-su

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tongtai Bridge is the world’s largest suspension curve-girder-skew-arch bridge, which is located in Zhangjiakou, China. The understanding of mechanics characteristics is limited to such complex bridges, so it is necessary to establish reliable health monitoring system to investigate the static and dynamic responses and monitor the safety of the bridge. A comprehensive real-time bridge health monitoring system is establish, which includes four aspects: sensor system, data acquisition and transmission system, data processing and control system, structure early warning and security assessment system. The paper systematically describes the system design principles, sensor layout, and monitoring content, then expounds system integration and function of each subsystem.

  5. Ultrasonic Underside Inspection for Fatigue Cracks in the Deck Plate of a Steel Orthotropic Bridge Deck

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, M.C.M.; De Jong, F.B.P.

    2003-01-01

    Due to an unexpected increase of heavy traffic large fatigue cracks appeared through the deck plate of orthotropic steel bridge decks in the Netherlands. Visual inspection revealed that this particular type of crack initiates where a weld joins the deck plate, a rib and a girder. These critical poin

  6. Effects of vertical girder realignment in the Argonne APS storage ring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effects of vertical girder misalignments on the vertical orbit of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring are studied. Partial sector-realignment is prioritized in terms of the closed-orbit distortions due to misalignments of the corresponding girders in the sectors. A virtual girder-displacement (VGD) method is developed that allows the effects of a girder realignment to be tested prior to physically moving the girder. The method can also be used to anticipate the corrector strengths needed to restore the beam orbit after a realignment. Simulation results are compared to experimental results and found to reproduce the latter quite closely. Predicted corrector strengths are also found to be close to the actual local corrector strengths after a proof-of-principle two-sector realignment was performed

  7. Strengthening of steel–concrete composite girders using carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) plates

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S M Mosavi; A Sadeghi Nik

    2015-02-01

    Applying composites in order to strengthen and renew the infrastructures has globally been accepted. Traditional methods to strengthen the out-of-standard structures are costly, time consuming and requires a lot of labour. Today, new techniques are hired using light and strong substances which also resist against corrosion, known as Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) plates. Regarding the high tensile strength and proper module of elasticity, CFRP plates are considered as a suitable alternative to strengthen girders. The behaviour of steel–concrete composite girders being statically loaded and strengthened by CFRP plates in this study. The CFRP plates used in this study have been stuck, with epoxy adhesive, under the tensile sections of three steel girders. The results accompanied with analytical study of moment–curvature and numerical analysis done with ANSYS, show that CFRP plates with epoxy adhesive increases the ultimate loading capacity of steel–concrete composite girder. Plastic stiffness of the girders was also increased.

  8. 郑州市解放路跨线桥主桥设计与施工%Design and Construction of Main Bridge of Jiefang Road Overpass Bridge in Zhengzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申国朝

    2012-01-01

    The main bridge of the Jiefang Road Overpass Bridge in Zhengzhou City is a cable-stayed bridge with twin pylons, single cable plane and with span arrangement (106 + 248 + 106) m and the bridge employs the structural system of rigid fixity of its pylons and main girder. The main girder of the bridge is of the prestressed concrete triple-cell single box of quasi-triangle section and has a 62 m long variable width portion at the side span on the west side. On both sides of a pylon, 15 pairs of stay cables made up of the low relaxation and high-strength galvanized parallel steel wires are arranged. The pylons are the concrete solid single-column ones of H-shape sections and the main piers are the vase shape hollow reinforced concrete structures supported on the frictional group bored pile foundations. The software Bridge Doctor V3. 03, MIDAS Civil and ANSYS were used to respectively build the plane finite element model for the bridge and the plane link and spatial plate-shell finite element models for the variable width portion. With these models, the global static force of the bridge and the force conditions of the portion were analyzed. In addition, a 1: 4 model for the variable width portion was also designed and made to carry out the model test. The results of the finite element analysis and model test showed that the force conditions of various parts of the bridge could meet the requirements in the codes. The part of the bridge spanning the passenger dedicated railway line on the east side was constructed by the rotation erection while the part of the bridge spanning the freight railway line on the west side was constructed by the covered form traveler.%郑州市解放路跨线桥主桥为双塔单索面斜拉桥,跨径布置为(106+248+106)m,采用塔、梁固结体系.该桥主梁为预应力混凝土单箱三室准三角形截面,西侧边跨设62 m长的变宽段.每个桥塔两侧布置15对斜拉索,斜拉索采用低松弛镀锌高强平行钢丝.桥塔采

  9. Influence of central buckle on suspension bridge dynamic characteristics and driving comfort

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王达; 邓扬; 刘扬

    2015-01-01

    The central buckle, which is often used in a suspension bridge, can improve bridges’ performance in the actual operation condition. The influence of the central buckle on natural vibration characteristics and bridge-deck driving comfort of a long-span suspension bridge is studied by using a case study of Siduhe Suspension Bridge in China. Based on the finite element software ANSYS and independently complied program, the influence of the central buckle on the structure force-applied characteristics of a long-span suspension bridge has been explored. The results show that the huge increases of natural frequencies can result in the presence of central buckles because of the increases of bending and torsional rigidities. The central buckle basically makes the stiffening girders and cables within the triangular area covered as a relatively approximate rigid area. Hence, the central buckle can reduce the torsional displacement of the main girder. However, the increases of bending and torsional rigidities have little influence on the impact factor, which is obtained by using vehicle-bridge coupled vibration analysis. This means that the central buckle has little effect on the comfort indices. In addition, it is found that the central buckle can enhance the bridge deck’s driving stability due to the decrease of the torsional displacements of the main girder.

  10. Wave induced extreme hull girder loads on containerships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jørgen Juncher; Pedersen, Preben Terndrup; Shi, Bill;

    2009-01-01

    This paper provides simple but rational procedures for prediction of extreme wave – induced sectional hull girder forces with reasonable engineering accuracy. The procedures take into account main ship hull characteristics such as: length, breadth, draught, block coefficient, bow flare coefficient...... is used as a base to derive semi-analytical formulas such that approximate wave load calculations can be performed by a simple spreadsheet program. Due to the few input parameters this procedure can be used to estimate the wave-induced bending moments at the conceptual design phase. Since the procedure...

  11. Application of Improved Hierarchic Genetic Algorithm to Damage Detection of the Main Girder for Cable-stayed Bridge%改进分层遗传算法在斜拉桥主梁损伤识别中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李延强; 张阳

    2014-01-01

    标准遗传算法在解决像斜拉桥这类复杂结构的损伤识别问题时会出现提前收敛,即所谓“早熟”的现象。为了避免此现象的发生,提高损伤识别的效率与精度,提出一种基于改进分层遗传算法的斜拉桥主梁损伤识别方法。采用索力变化作为优化目标函数,将3种具有不同遗传算子的标准遗传算法与变量微调和灾变策略相结合,形成了一种具有灾变特性的分层遗传算法,以实验室独塔斜拉桥模型作为研究对象进行了数值仿真,结果表明:改进的分层遗传算法成功的避免了标准遗传算法“早熟”现象的发生,能快速有效的完成斜拉桥主梁各种损伤的识别;同时对此方法进行抗噪性分析发现,该方法具有良好的抗噪能力。%In the process of damage identification for high‐order nonlinear structure such as cable‐stayed bridges by the standard genetic algorithm ,premature convergence would appear .In order to avoid this ,an improved hierarchic genetic algorithm was proposed . The cable force change was used to establish the optimization function and threetypes of standard genetic algorithm were combined with variable fine‐tuning and hierarchic strategy .To establish a hierarchical genetic algorithm with catastrophe characteristics A single‐tower cable‐stayed bridge model was used in the numerical simulation and the result showed that the probability of premature convergence was reduced in the improved hierarchic genetic algorithm and and the cable‐stayed bridge damage was identified effectively .The anti‐noise performance was better .

  12. Investigations concerning seismic response control of self-anchored suspension bridge with MR dampers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Menggang YANG; Zhengqing CHEN; Jianhua HU

    2008-01-01

    To mitigate the seismic response of selfanchored suspension bridges, equations of motion governing the coupled system of bridge- magneto-rheological (MR) dampers subject to seismic excitation are formulated by employing the phenomenological model of MR dampers. A corresponding computer program is developed and employed for studying the seismic response control of a self-anchored suspension bridge with a main span of 350 m. The effect of variable current and number of dampers on seismic response control is investigated. The numerical results indicate the longitudinal displacement of the tower top and bridge girder decrease with the increase in input current and number of MR dampers attached longitudinally at the tower-girder connections, and the internal forces of the tower are effectively attenuated as well. It appears that small electronic current (0.5 A in this study) may sufficiently attenuate the seismic responses for practical engineering applications.

  13. Einstein's Boxes

    OpenAIRE

    Norsen, Travis

    2004-01-01

    At the 1927 Solvay conference, Einstein presented a thought experiment intended to demonstrate the incompleteness of the quantum mechanical description of reality. In the following years, the thought experiment was picked up and modified by Einstein, de Broglie, and several other commentators into a simple scenario involving the splitting in half of the wave function of a single particle in a box. In this paper we collect together several formulations of this thought experiment from the exist...

  14. Performance in Transverse Direction of Fiber‐Reinforced Polymer Bridge Decks

    OpenAIRE

    Brühwiler, Eugen; Yanes Armas, Sonia; de Castro San Roman, Julia; Keller, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Pultruded glass fiber‐reinforced polymer (GFRP) bridge decks distribute punctual vehicular loads to the underlying superstructure and can also act as the upper chord of hybrid main girders. The deck’s structural performance in both cases is influenced by its transverse behavior. The static bending behavior in the transverse‐to‐pultrusion direction of two GFRP bridge deck systems with trapezoidal (DS) and triangular (AS) cell cross‐sectional geometry was experimentally studied. Different load ...

  15. Structural safety monitoring for Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄方林; 何旭辉; 陈政清; 曾储惠

    2004-01-01

    In order to evaluate objectively and accurately the integrity, safety and operating conditions in real time for the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge, a large structural safety monitoring system was described. The monitoring system is composed of three parts: sensor system, signal sampling and processing system, and safety monitoring and assessment system. Combining theoretical analysis with measured data analysis, main monitoring contents and layout of measuring points were determined. The vibration response monitoring was significantly investigated. The main contents of safety monitoring on vibration response monitoring are vibration of the main body of the Nanjing Yangtze river bridge, collision avoidance of the bridge piers, vibration of girders on high piers for the bridge approach and earthquake. As a field laboratory, the safety monitorying system also provides information to investigate the unknown and indeterminate problems on bridge structures and specific environment around bridges.

  16. Sectional model test study on vortex-excited resonance of vehicle-bridge system of Shanghai Bridge over Yangtse River

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li ZHOU; Yaojun GE

    2009-01-01

    It is necessary to study how vehicles influence the vortex-excited resonance of vehicle-bridge systems,because lock-in wind speed is low and vortex-excited resonance is sensitive to any change in the main girder sections. Based on the Shanghai Bridge over the Yangtse River, the vortex-excited resonance of a 1:60 scale sectional model was tested in a TJ-lwind tunnel, with or without vehicles at the attack angle of 0°, + 3 and -3°,respectively. The conversion relationships between the resonant amplitudes of the sectional model and that of the prototype bridge were also established by mode shape correction. The result indicates that: 1) for the bridge with vehicles, the vertical vortex-excited resonance is accom-panied by torsion vibration with the same frequency, and vice versa, 2) the amplitude of vortex-excited resonance of the bridge with vehicles is much larger than that of the bridge without vehicles, and 3) the lock-in wind speed of the vortex-excited resonance becomes smaller due to the disturbance of vehicles. It is obvious that vehicles bring about changes in the aerodynamic shape of the main girder.Therefore, the influence of vehicles on vortex-excited resonance performance of vehicle-bridge systems, in terms of both amplitude and mode, should not be ignored.

  17. Seismic Behavior of RNC-Isolated Bridges: A Comparative Study under Near-Fault, Long-Period, and Pulse-Like Ground Motions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Ismail

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces a recent seismic isolation system, named Roll-in-Cage (RNC isolator, for efficient protection of bridges against destructive earthquakes. The RNC isolator is a rolling-based isolation system with several integrated features in a single unit providing all the necessary functions of vertical rigid support, horizontal flexibility, full stability, hysteretic energy dissipation, and resistance to minor vibration loads. Besides, it is distinguished by a self-stopping (buffer mechanism to limit the peak bearing displacement under abrupt severe excitations, a linear gravity-based self-recentering mechanism to prevent permanent dislocations after excitations, and a notable resistance to axial tension. A three-span box-girder prestressed concrete bridge is investigated under a set of different destructive real and synthetic earthquakes including near-fault, long-period, and pulse-like ground motions. As a performance measure, the responses of isolated and nonisolated cases are compared. In addition, the RNC isolator’s behavior is then compared with those of other isolation systems including HDB, FPS, and LRB. The results confirmed that the RNC isolator has a superior behavior in achieving a balance between the peak displacements and accelerations of the isolated deck, relative other isolation systems, besides being the most (relatively efficient isolator in the great majority of studies performed.

  18. Shadow boxing

    OpenAIRE

    Pulford, Donald

    2011-01-01

    Shadow Boxing continues my interest in the production/performance of gender on stage. It tells the story of a closeted, gay boxer and the devastation that ensues when he is outed. The central device is the play’s appeal to the audience’s imagined ‘bad faith’ concerning masculinity and the shock when the attendant expectations are subverted or upturned. I expressed the foundation of our enterprise in the New York programme by quoting from Calvin Thomas’s Masculinity, Psychoanalysis, Straight Q...

  19. Procurement of Beams in Multiple D&B Bridge Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CT. Ramanathan

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Selected infrastructure development projects are being implemented by Design and Build (D&B pocurement system in Sabah (East Malaysia by the Public Works Department (PWD. In the first phase 45 bridge replacement projects were awarded in 5 packages. These simultaneous multiple Bridge projects are for the development of the backward areas and hence their timely completion is utmost important. Procurement and production of bridge beams have been the critical element of construction in these rural areas and no researches has been reported on various aspects of procurement of the bridge beams in multiple D&B projects. The aspects of procurement researched in this work include the determination of a common beam element for the ease of procurement and the optimization of the construction methodology, the finalization and purchasing plate dimensions to suite the manufacturer's production range, the delivery of materials, the planning and monitoring of fabrication, the preparation and assembly, and the erection and launching of beams. The beams are optimized using element optimization techniques. The most important problems in fabricating steel girders were in planning and scheduling of materials for the fabrication and the fabrication process. Findings in all the aspects of production of steel girders are highlighted through a case study of six long span bridges at various locations in Sabah. Solutions drawn from lessons learnt which minimize wastages, and aids in timely completion of beams in multiple bridge construction are discussed.

  20. Full Space Bowl Shaped Support Scheme Design of Super-Large Bridge's Prestressed Concrete Continuous Box Girder%特大桥预应力混凝土连续箱梁满堂式碗口支架方案设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志明

    2013-01-01

    混凝土连续箱梁施工中,支架为桥梁上部提供了施工平台,同时也是重要的支撑体系,其安全性必须得到充分保证.依据设计图纸和现场实际情况,设计了满堂式碗口支架的方案,并对方案进行了验算.

  1. On the Influence of Hull Girder Flexibility on the Wave

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seng, Sopheak; Andersen, Ingrid Marie Vincent; Jensen, Jørgen Juncher

    2012-01-01

    (CFD) solving the Navier-Stokes equations with the free surface captured by a volume-of-fluid (VOF) method. In all procedures the flexibility of the hull girder is modelled as a non-uniform Timoshenko beam. It is observed that the non-linear models agree well with the model tests......Numerical predictions and model test results of the wave induced bending moments in a 9,400 TEU post-Panamax container vessel are presented for two regular wave scenarios. Different numerical procedures have been applied: a linear and non-linear time-domain strip theory and a direct calculation...... and as there is no occurrence of severe slamming in the cases considered, the inexpensive non-linear strip theory is as accurate as the direct CFD calculation method. In a comparison with the results using the rigid body assumption, the increase in the vertical bending moment (VBM) amidships due to the flexibility of the hull...

  2. Onboard monitoring of fatigue damage rates in the hull girder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ulrik Dam; Jensen, Jørgen Juncher; Pedersen, Preben Terndrup;

    2011-01-01

    taking into account whipping stresses. It is conceptually shown how such a method, which integrates onboard estimation of sea states, can be used to deduce decision support with respect to the accumulated fatigue damage in the hull girder.The paper firstly presents a set of measured full-scale wave......-scale onboard acceleration and stress measurements can be used to calculate sea state parameters. These calculated environmental data are verified by a comparison to hindcast data.In the third part of the paper the full-scale fatigue stress ranges are compared to results from an analytical design oriented...... calculation procedure for flexible ship hulls in short-term estimated sea states.Altogether, it is conceptually shown that by a combination of the onboard estimated sea state parameters with the described analytical fatigue damage prediction procedure a method can be established for real-time onboard decision...

  3. Analysis of residual bearing capacity of cracked prestressed concrete continuous box bridges%预应力混凝土箱梁桥开裂后的残余承载力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凌波; 赵煜

    2015-01-01

    为分析开裂预应力混凝土箱形桥梁结构开裂后的残余承载力,以裂缝统计特征参数为基础,用单元退化方式模拟正裂缝,用裂缝间的单向受压杆模拟裂缝间的承压效应,采用空间梁单元和三维杆单元分别模拟梁和预应力筋,以单元降温的方式模拟预加力的效应,形成空间刚架模型模拟斜裂缝。基于开裂后混凝土及预应力钢筋的基本假定,建立开裂后结构的计算方法。按照相似高度、开裂区域截面折减、折减自重补偿的原则将相似裂缝进行合并处理,得到裂缝区域的阶梯型折减刚度模型,提出承载能力折减系数计算方法以体现开裂后结构刚度的变化。经实桥算例验证,本文方法可正确判断静定及超静定预应力混凝土结构开裂后承载力的变化程度。%Based on the crack statistic characteristic parameters,the unit degradation mode was utilized to simu-late the fracture of prestressed concrete box bridges and analyze its residual bearing capacity.In the meantime, unidirectional compressive rod,space beam element and cooling unit form were adopted to simulate the effects of pressure among cracks,prestressed tendons and the pre -tension effect,in order to form a space rigid frame model.Based on some basic assumptions of cracked concrete and prestressed steel,the calculation method was established after cracking.Merging similar cracks by the principle of similar height,reduction of cracking area and reduction gravity compensation,the ladder -type stiffness degradation model of crack area was then estab-lished and a capacity reduction calculation method was proposed to reflect the change of the crack stiffness.The real bridge example proves that the method can correctly judge the change of bearing capacity for cracked static determinacy and indeterminacy concrete structures.

  4. Use of UHPC in Bridge Structures: Material Modeling and Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oguz Gunes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC is a promising new class of concrete material that is likely to make a significant contribution to addressing the challenges associated with the load capacity, durability, sustainability, economy, and environmental impact of concrete bridge infrastructures. This paper focuses on the material modeling of UHPC and design of bridge girders made of UHPC. A two-phase model used for modeling the behavior of UHPC was briefly discussed, and the model was implemented in a preliminary design case study. Based on the implemented design and the reported use of UHPC in bridge applications, the advantages, limitations, and future prospects of UHPC bridges were discussed, highlighting the need for innovative research and design to make optimum use of the favorable properties of the material in bridge structures.

  5. 沉湖汉江特大桥主桥连续刚构施工技术%Construction Techniques for Continuous Rigid Frame of Main Bridge of Chenhu Hanjiang River Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵天元

    2012-01-01

    The main bridge of Chenhu Hanjiang River Bridge is a continuous rigid frame bridge with span arrangement (102 + 168 + 102) m. The superstructure of the bridge is the single-cell single-box girder with variable depth and variable section and the substructure has round en-ded thin-wall twin piers supported on bored pile foundations. The holes of the bored piles for the main bridge were bored by the rotary boring machines and the pile caps were constructed in the steel sheet pile cofferdams. The segments No. 0 of the superstructure were constructed on the scaffolding while the rest of the segments were cantileveredly cast in situ by the diamond-shape form travelers. At the closure gap at the central span, the 4 000 kN horizontal pushing force was applied to fulfill the closure of the span. To ensure the construction quality and safety and to keep the actual status of the bridge to approach the design status to the maximum extent, the closure precision of the closure gap was made to accord with the requirements in the codes and the geometric shape of the completed bridge was made to meet the design status through the construction monitoring and control.%沉湖汉江特大桥主桥为(102+168+102)m连续刚构桥,上部结构为单箱单室、变高度、变截面梁,下部结构采用双墩薄壁圆端形桥墩、钻孔灌注桩基础.主桥桩基采用旋转钻机成孔,承台采用钢板桩围堰法施工;上部结构0号块采用落地式支架法施工,其余节段采用菱形挂篮悬臂浇筑施工,在中跨合龙口设置4 000 kN的水平顶推力,完成中跨合龙.为了保证施工质量及安全,使该桥的实际状态最大限度地趋近设计状态,通过施工监控,使中跨合龙口精度满足规范要求、成桥线形与设计吻合.

  6. Automatic construction management of inclined cable in Heira bridge; Heirahashi ni okeru syazai keburu seko kanri no jidoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kajiyama, K.

    1996-03-01

    First one sided PC inclined cable bridge based on precast block additional method is constructed at Heira in Japan. Measurements of main girder deflection and main tower displacement values are considered as necessary factors in construction of inclined cable bridge. Efficient and rapid tension force supervision of inclined cable in every stage of construction is required for the above mentioned purpose. Automatic management of tension of inclined cable in Heira bridge construction is considered in this investigation. Construction of measuring system, installation, tension force adjustment and its decision management process, required special characteristics of tension, calculation sheet`s process et., are explained. Following observations are noted when precast method is compared with cast in place method for Heira bridge. Construction cycle of main girder is small and cycle until end of tension for 1 block construction to last block construction is equal to 1.6/day/block. 12 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Assessing Static Performance of the Dashengguan Yangtze Bridge by Monitoring the Correlation between Temperature Field and Its Static Strains

    OpenAIRE

    Gao-Xin Wang; You-Liang Ding; Peng Sun; Lai-Li Wu; Qing Yue

    2015-01-01

    Taking advantage of the structural health monitoring system installed on the steel truss arch girder of Dashengguan Yangtze Bridge, the temperature field data and static strain data are collected and analyzed for the static performance assessment of the bridge. Through analysis, it is found that the static strain changes are mainly caused by temperature field (temperature and temperature difference) and train. After the train-induced static strains are removed, the correlation between the rem...

  8. Empty Tissue Boxes: Considering Poverty in Diversity Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuthrell, Kristen; Ledford, Carolyn; Stapleton, Joy

    2007-01-01

    A preservice teacher doing her internship overhears some of her students asking a classmate why he regularly takes home empty tissue boxes. The boy replies that he builds cities and bridges with his empty boxes. His classmates then ask why he does not just build a city with Legos or building blocks. The preservice teacher listens intently as the…

  9. Seismic response analysis of high-speed vehicle-bridge considering soil-structure interaction%考虑桩-土作用的高速列车-桥梁地震响应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈令坤; 蒋丽忠; 陶磊; 余志武

    2012-01-01

    Based on the finite beam element method, two kinds of whole bridge models of high-speed railway multi-span simply-supported bridge are set up. One is vehicle-bridge model including pile foundation, the dynamic impedances of the layered soil are presented, the improved Penzien model is used to simulate the soil-structure interaction (SSI); the other is vehicle-bridge model where pier bottom is consolidated without considering SSI; the seismic responses of the models are computed at different vehicle speeds, pier heights, earthquake strengths and earthquake waves. The calculation results show that the influence of the SSI on seismic responses of high-speed vehicle-bridge on soft foundation can not be ignored; the lateral displacement and acceleration of the bridge are influenced by low-frequency components, those low-frequency components interact with the earthquake wave incident from bottom side of the piles, which change the spectrum composition of the foundation movement, the frequency components which approach to bridge vibration frequency are strengthened; the lateral displacement and acceleration of bridge increase a lot after considering SSI; the vertical vibration frequency of the bridge changes little while considering SSI; the vertical displacement of the boxing girder increases little with the increase of pier height and vehicle speed; the high-frequency components which are caused mainly by the vehicle load and the track irregularity significantly influenced on the vertical acceleration of the boxing girder.%基于空间梁单元有限元法,建立了两种高速铁路多跨简支梁桥的全桥空间分析模型,一种是包括桩基的列车-桥梁模型,给出成层土的动力阻抗,采用改进的Penzien模型模拟桩-土作用;一种是不考虑桩-土作用的墩底固结的列车-桥梁模型;分析了两种模型的自振特性,计算了两种模型在不同车速、墩高、地震强度、不同地震波等工况下的地震反应.计算

  10. 大跨度桥梁荷载试验结构变形测试与分析%Structure Test and Analysis of Bridge Load Test Results of Deformation of Large Span Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕雨田

    2016-01-01

    How to ensure the safety performance of existing bridges is a problem that researchers face. Bridge static load test is an effective method for safety evaluation of existing bridges.Static load test of a 5 span continuous box girder bridge is carried out by using finite element software to establish a numerical simulation model of full bridge,the bridge deflection values of L/2 and L/4 cross sections under the working condition of 2-3 and 3-4 span loading are respectively analyzed,and the bending moment value of No.4 pier under top load is negative.After testing,the maximum deflection of the mid-span section is 11.1 mm,and the calculated value is 11.5 mm.The deflection values of 3 kinds of load conditions are compared and analyzed,and the results show that the measured values are in good agreement with the theoretical calculated values.%采用桥梁静载试验是对在役桥梁安全评价的有效方法。文中通过对某5跨连续箱梁桥进行静荷载试验,利用有限元软件建立全桥数值仿真模型,分别分析该桥在2~3跨、3~4跨时L/2截面和 L/4截面的挠度值;4号墩墩顶荷载下负弯矩值。经过测试,该桥在跨中截面最大的挠度值为11.1 mm,而计算值为11.5 mm。对3种荷载工况下的挠度值进行对比分析,得出该桥的实测值和理论计算值吻合较好,表明该桥具有足够的桥梁安全储备。

  11. Damage identification of a large-span concrete cable-stayed bridge based on genetic algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Jinsong; XIAO Rucheng

    2007-01-01

    The global stability of a structure, the stiffness of its main girder and concrete tower, and the variation of the forces of its stay cables are key issues to the safety assessment of an in-service cable-stayed bridge. The efficiency and ratio- nality of local elaborate non-damage-identification could be enhanced by the primary damage identification of cable- stayed bridges on the basis of periodic detection of the cable force and strain monitor in key sections of the main girder. The genetic algorithms of damage identification for cable- stayed bridges were investigated in this paper on the basis of the monitor data of the cable force and strain in a key section of the main girder. A damage detection program for complex civil structure was generated to implement the identification of damage location and extent. The deterioration of the struc- ture was calculated according to the variation of monitor data. It is demonstrated that the results of damage identification from the parametric finite element method are accurate. The method had been verified using a long-span concrete cable- stayed bridge in Ningbo, which has been in use for the past four years.

  12. Railroad Bridges

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Bridges-Rail in the United States According to The National Bridge Inspection Standards published in the Code of Federal Regulations (23 CFR 650.3), a bridge isA...

  13. Evaluation of High-Speed Railway Bridges Based on a Nondestructive Monitoring System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mosbeh R. Kaloop

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, trains’ velocities in Korea increased more than the speed used in the design of some bridges. Accordingly, this paper demonstrates the evaluation of a railway bridge due to high-speed trains’ movement. A nondestructive monitoring system is used to assess the bridge performance under train speeds of 290, 360, 400 and 406 km/h. This system is comprised of a wireless short-term acceleration system and strain monitoring sensors attached to the bridge girder. The results of the analytical methods in time and frequency domains are presented. The following conclusions are obtained: the cross-correlation models for accelerations and strain measurements are effective to predict the performance of the bridge; the static behavior is increased with train speed developments; and the vibration, torsion, fatigue and frequency contents analyses of the bridge show that the bridge is safe under applied trains’ speeds.

  14. Estimation of Curvature Changes for Steel-Concrete Composite Bridge Using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donghoon Kang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is focused on the verification of the key idea of a newly developed steel-concrete composite bridge. The key idea of the proposed bridge is to reduce the design moment by applying vertical prestressing force to steel girders, so that a moment distribution of a continuous span bridge is formed in a simple span bridge. For the verification of the key technology, curvature changes of the bridge should be monitored sequentially at every construction stage. A pair of multiplexed FBG sensor arrays is proposed in order to measure curvature changes in this study. They are embedded in a full-scale test bridge and measured local strains, which are finally converted to curvatures. From the result of curvature changes, it is successfully ensured that the key idea of the proposed bridge, expected theoretically, is viable.

  15. Analysis on Adhesively-Bonded Joints of FRP-steel Composite Bridge under Combined Loading: Arcan Test Study and Numerical Modeling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jiang, X.; Qiang, X.; Kolstein, M.H.; Bijlaard, F.S.K.

    2016-01-01

    The research presented in this paper is an experimental study and numerical analysis on mechanical behavior of the adhesively-bonded joint between FRP sandwich bridge deck and steel girder. Generally, there are three typical stress states in the adhesively-bonded joint: shear stress, tensile stress,

  16. Random vibration analysis of train-bridge under track irregularities and traveling seismic waves using train-slab track-bridge interaction model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Zhi-Ping; Zhao, Yan-Gang; Xu, Wen-Tao; Yu, Zhi-Wu; Chen, Ling-Kun; Lou, Ping

    2015-04-01

    The frequent use of bridges in high-speed railway lines greatly increases the probability that trains are running on bridges when earthquakes occur. This paper investigates the random vibrations of a high-speed train traversing a slab track on a continuous girder bridge subjected to track irregularities and traveling seismic waves by the pseudo-excitation method (PEM). To derive the equations of motion of the train-slab track-bridge interaction system, the multibody dynamics and finite element method models are used for the train and the track and bridge, respectively. By assuming track irregularities to be fully coherent random excitations with time lags between different wheels and seismic accelerations to be uniformly modulated, non-stationary random excitations with time lags between different foundations, the random load vectors of the equations of motion are transformed into a series of deterministic pseudo-excitations based on PEM and the wheel-rail contact relationship. A computer code is developed to obtain the time-dependent random responses of the entire system. As a case study, the random vibration characteristics of an ICE-3 high-speed train traversing a seven-span continuous girder bridge simultaneously excited by track irregularities and traveling seismic waves are analyzed. The influence of train speed and seismic wave propagation velocity on the random vibration characteristics of the bridge and train are discussed.

  17. Damage Identification of Box Beam Based on Curvature Theory Method%基于曲率模态的箱梁损伤识别方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旭; 葛继平; 李胡生; 严平

    2012-01-01

    With the rapid development of the high-speed railway, the damage identification study of high-speed railway bridges has become a hot research topic. In this paper, the feasibility study is made on damage identification of the finite element model of the reinforced concrete box girder using solid elements by curvature model theory. An analysis is made of the variation of damage factors with the changes in damage locations, damage degrees and the positions of measuring points. The results show that structure damage can be identified more accurately and comprehensively with the application of curvature model theory with solid elements. It provides a reference for the detection of high-speed railway bridges in the future.%随着我国高速铁路的快速发展,针对高速铁路中桥梁的损伤识别研究已成为热门领域。通过曲率模态理论对实体单元建立的混凝土箱梁有限元模型进行损伤识别可行性研究,分析不同损伤位置、损伤程度和测点位置条件下损伤指标的变化。结果表明,结合曲率模态理论方法和实体单元建模方法可以更加全面准确地对损伤结构进行识别,为今后高速铁路桥梁检测提供参考。

  18. Discrete vortex method simulations of aerodynamic admittance in bridge aerodynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Johannes Tophøj; Hejlesen, Mads Mølholm; Larsen, Allan;

    The meshless and remeshed Discrete Vortex Method (DVM) has been widely used in academia and by the industry to model two-dimensional flow around bluff bodies. The implementation “DVMFLOW” [1] is used by the bridge design company COWI to determine and visualise the flow field around bridge sections......, and to determine aerodynamic forces and the corresponding flutter limit. A simulation of the three-dimensional bridge responseto turbulent wind is carried out by quasi steady theory by modelling the bridge girder as a line like structure [2], applying the aerodynamic load coefficients found from the current version...... of DVMFLOW in a strip wise fashion. Neglecting the aerodynamic admittance, i.e. the correlation of the instantaneous lift force to the turbulent fluctuations in the vertical velocities, leads to higher response to high frequency atmospheric turbulence than would be obtained from wind tunnel tests....

  19. Discrete vortex method simulations of aerodynamic admittance in bridge aerodynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Johannes Tophøj; Hejlesen, Mads Mølholm; Larsen, Allan;

    velocity spectra are found in good agreement with the target spectra. The aerodynamic admittance of the structure is measured by sampling vertical velocities immediately upstream of the structure and the lift forces on the structure. The method is validated against the analytic solution for the admittance......The meshless and remeshed Discrete Vortex Method (DVM) has been widely used in academia and by the industry to model two-dimensional flow around bluff bodies. The implementation “DVMFLOW” [1] is used by the bridge design company COWI to determine and visualise the flow field around bridge sections......, and to determine aerodynamic forces and the corresponding flutter limit. A simulation of the three-dimensional bridge responseto turbulent wind is carried out by quasi steady theory by modelling the bridge girder as a line like structure [2], applying the aerodynamic load coefficients found from the current version...

  20. Stability Research of Long Span Half-through Concrete Tied Arch Bridge with Steel Box Section%大跨度中承式钢箱混凝土系杆拱桥稳定性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明明

    2012-01-01

    Tied-arch continuous-beam bridge is a kind of bridge structure with novel shape and complex stresses. So the stability issues should not be neglected. Spatial analysis model of an actual bridge was established by AN SYS finite element software and the first stability of this bridge under the actions of various kinds of load combinations were analyzed in this article. The secondary stability of this bridge under the actions of geometric nonlinearity, material nonlinearity and dual nonlinearities were also analyzed respectively in this article. The comparing result verifies that the material nonlinear effect on the stability of this bridge is very big. Also general computing methods of arch bridge stability were introduced in this article. The results can provide reference for similar kinds of bridges.%拱式连续梁系杆拱桥是一种造型新颖、受力复杂的桥梁结构,其稳定性问题是不可忽视的.采用ANSYS有限元分析软件对该桥建立计算分析模型,计算该桥梁在各种荷载组合作用下的第一类稳定性.同时计算了该桥在几何、材料以及几何材料双重非线性作用下的第二类稳定性,并将两者的结果作了对比.计算分析结果表明:材料非线性对该桥的稳定性影响很大,同时给出了拱桥稳定性计算的一般性方法,其结果可以为同类型桥梁提供参考.

  1. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DAMAGE AND CHANGE OF DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS IN AN EXISTING BRIDGE FOR VIBRATION-BASED STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyashita, Takeshi; Tamada, Kazuya; Liu, Cuiping; Iwasaki, Hidenori; Nagai, Masatsugu

    The objective of this study is to understand the relationship between damage and the change of dynamic characteristics in an existing bridge for vibration-based structural health monitoring. Focused bridge is a demolished pedestrian bridge, which is a composite steel girder with two main girders. The first damages are slits by gas cutting, which are given to a lower flange in the lateral direction. Then, outstanding plate in the lower flange is removed along the span. Vibration measurement was carried out in each damage case. As a result, it was confirmed that natural frequencies decreased depending on the progress of damage. Its reduction rate was greater in the modes without torsion. For reproducible analysis, spectral element and finite element analyses were carried out. Analytical results also showed the similar reduction of natural frequencies to measurement.

  2. A Simple Technique to Determine Interface Slip of Stud Connected SCC Girders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajasankar J.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A simple technique is proposed to compute interface slip of stud connected steel-concrete composite (SCC girders based on the results of a flexure test. The technique makes use of relative longitudinal displacement of the concrete slab and steel beam to calculate the interface slip. In the flexure test of a SCC girder, a cost-effective instrumentation arrangement consisting of mechanical dial gauges is used to measure the relative longitudinal displacement. Responses measured from experiments on SCC girders conducted by the authors are used for numerical implementation and validation of the technique. Alternatively, interface slip is also evaluated by applying an analytical model which is based on first principles of mechanics. The values of interface slip computed by using the proposed technique are found to have close correlation with those of the analytical model. The effect of edge restraint on slip due to friction between steel and concrete is also studied

  3. Noise prediction and reduction for an open-floored steel railway bridge; kaishoshiki kosei tekkyo no soon yosoku to taisaku (Edogawa daiichi kyoryo no boon koji)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oda, M.; Yano, H.; Hashizume, T.; Nakamura, K.; Yamamoto, A.; Iino, T.; Fushuku, K. [Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., Kobe (Japan)

    1998-12-20

    This paper describes a method of noise prediction and reduction for an open-floored steel railway bridge. To facilitate noise prediction, the girder plate vibration levels and noise levels near the bridge were first measured while a train was running. Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) and the measured vibration levels were then used to predict the radiated sound power needed to induce such a structural vibration. The sound power due to a running train could then be predicted. For noise reduction, the above information was used to predict the effectivity of a barrier plate set under the bridge girders. Damping plates were installed, and on completion of construction, noise levels near the bridge again measured. Measured results were found to be in good agreement with those predicted, and the barrier very effective in sound-proofing. (author)

  4. Fiber optic Bragg grating sensor network installed in a concrete road bridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maaskant, Robert; Alavie, A. Tino; Measures, Raymond M.; Ohn, Myo M.; Karr, Shawn E.; Glennie, Derek J.; Wade, C.; Tadros, Gamil; Rizkalla, Sami

    1994-05-01

    The installation of a fiber optic Bragg grating strain sensor network in a new road bridge is described. These sensors are attached to prestressing tendons embedded in prefabricated concrete girders. Three types of prestressing tendons are being monitored: conventional steel strand and two types of carbon fibers reinforced plastic tendons. Sensor durability issues are reviewed and the installation is described. Initial measurements indicate that the sensors are operational and provide some early comparison of tendon performance.

  5. Impact Analysis of the Bridge Pier Anti-collision Floating Box Sets Made by Sandwich Structure with Curved-shaped%夹层结构曲面环形浮式桥墩防撞套箱碰撞分析∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许薛军; 单成林

    2015-01-01

    To improve the crashworthiness of bridge piers,a new type of annular anti-collision box with curved-shaped made by steel-polyurethane-steel sandwich plate was proposed.Using the ANSYS/LS-DYNA software with explicit dynamic transient nonlinear,the simulation model of ship collision with pier was established.This paper ana-lyzes the energy conversion between the ship,the anti-collision box,the rubber fender and the pier with the changes of the impact force and the speed of the ship in impact process.It also analyzed the stress and deformation of impact parts of anti-collision box.The results show that the bridge pier's annular anti-collision box with curved-shaped made by the sandwich plate can absorb 70% of the ship impact energy when the anti-collision box is unfavorably impacted, and that the anti-collision box has a saving stiffening plates and brackets,simple structure,and light weight.The study not only shows that the anti-collision box can fully play the impact property and excellent elastoplastic property of the sandwich plate itself,but also provides a theoretical basis for its engineering application.%针对船舶撞击桥梁的安全问题,提出一种钢聚氨酯钢夹层板制作的新型曲面环形浮式桥墩防撞套箱。采用显式动力瞬态非线性有限元软件 ANSYS/LS-DYNA 建立了船舶撞击桥墩的仿真模型,通过撞击过程中船舶撞击力和速度的变化,分析了船舶、防撞套箱、橡胶护舷、桥墩之间的能量转换以及防撞套箱撞击部位的受力和变形。研究表明:当防撞套箱受最不利撞击时,夹层板曲面环形桥墩防撞套箱能吸收70%的船舶撞击能量,且具有节省箱内加劲板及支架、构造简单、质量轻等特点。本文提出的桥墩防撞套箱具有良好的抗冲击性能和弹塑性能,为工程应用提供了理论依据。

  6. Nondestructive Evaluation of Railway Bridge by System Identification Using Field Vibration Measurement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a nondestructive evaluation approach for system identification (SID) of real railway bridges using field vibration test results. First, a multi-phase SID scheme designed on the basis of eigenvalue sensitivity concept is presented. Next, the proposed multi-phase approach is evaluated from field vibration tests on a real railway bridge (Wondongcheon bridge) located in Yangsan, Korea. On the steel girder bridge, a few natural frequencies and mode shapes are experimentally measured under the ambient vibration condition. The corresponding modal parameters are numerically calculated from a three-dimensional finite element (FE) model established for the target bridge. Eigenvalue sensitivities are analyzed for potential model-updating parameters of the FE model. Then, structural subsystems are identified phase-by-phase using the proposed model-updating procedure. Based on model-updating results, a baseline model and a nondestructive evaluation of test bridge are identified

  7. 流冰撞击力作用下列车-简支梁桥耦合振动分析%Coupled vibration analysis for train and simply-supported bridge system subjected to floating-ice collision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏超逸; 雷俊卿; 张楠

    2012-01-01

    A coupled vibration analysis model was established for train-bridge system subjected to floating-ice collision load. The force originated from the floating-ice collision, whose time history was measured in site experiment was taken as the load applied on the bridge piers in transient style. The dynamic responses of railway bridges subjected to floating-ice collision and their influences on the running safety of high-speed trains were analyzed by numerical simulation. The time history of a train traveling on a seven梥pan simply-supported bridge with 24m box girders when the floating-ice strikes bridge piers was simulated and the dynamic responses of the bridge and train vehicles were investigated. The calculation results show that the lateral acceleration of the bridge and running safety indices such as the derailment factors and offload factors of train vehicles will exceed the corresponding allowances when the train speed is higher than 250 km/h, indicating that collision of floating-ice has obvious effect on coupled vibration responses of train-bridge system.%建立撞击荷载作用下列车-桥梁系统动力分析模型,将现场实测的流冰撞击力时程作为系统的撞击荷载.通过计算机仿真分析,对流冰撞击作用下高速铁路桥梁的动力响应及其对桥上列车运行安全的影响进行研究.采用自编程序模拟列车过桥的全过程,计算分析7m×24 m简支箱梁桥在流冰撞击力作用下动力响应及桥上高速列车的动力响应.计算结果表明,在实测流冰撞击力作用下,桥梁横向加速度以及车辆脱轨系数和轮重减载率等行车安全指标在列车速度250 km/h以上时超过容许值,说明流冰撞击作用对车桥系统耦合振动响应具有较大的影响.

  8. 多箱渡槽槽身静风三分力系数风洞试验研究%A wind tunnel test study on aerostatic coefficients of large scale multi-box aqueduct bridge deck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李遇春; 邸庆霜; 张文杰; 张婷婷

    2012-01-01

    A wind tunnel test for the six scaled multi-box aqueduct decks (including 3 two-box and 3 three-box models) was conducted. The cases with full and without water, and with different wind attack an- gles are considered respectively. The drag, lift and pitching moment coefficients of multi-box aqueduct decks were obtained by the test result analyses. The surface pressure distributions and the aerostatic coeffi- cients of the test models were displayed and discussed. The results show that: (1) The wind flow field around multi-box aqueduct deck is similar to that of blunt body; (2) The drag force is the most important wind load among the three static loads; (3) The drag coefficient decreases with the increasing of width/ height ratio of aqueduct decks in the whole tendency.%对6个多箱式渡槽槽身刚性测压模型进行了风洞试验研究,分别模拟了满槽、空槽以及不同风攻角的试验工况。根据试验结果得到了槽身模型的静风三分力(阻力、升力和扭矩)系数,讨论了模型风压分布以及三分力系数的变化规律。试验结果表明:(1)多箱式渡槽槽身绕流更趋近于钝体绕流;(2)槽身风荷载主要表现为风阻力;(3)阻力系数在总体趋势上随着槽截面宽高比的增加而减小。试验结果可为多箱渡槽的抗风研究与设计提供初步的参考。

  9. Wind Resistant Design of Bridges in Japan Developments and Practices

    CERN Document Server

    Fujino, Yozo; Tanaka, Hiroshi

    2012-01-01

    For long-span bridges, wind action is a dominant factor in their safety and serviceability. A large number of long-span bridges have been built in Japan over the past 30 years, and tremendous amounts of research and technical development have been accomplished in wind resistant design. This book is a compilation of the results of active research and development. Wind resistant design standards generated in Japan are described in the first few chapters. Then comes information such as design wind speed, structural damping, wind tunnel tests, and analyses, which provide the basis of the design standards. Wind-induced vibrations and their control of girders, towers, cables, and other features are explained with examples of field measurements. Comprehensive listings of Japanese experience in vibration control are also presented. Because achieving particularly dynamic safety against wind is still not an easy task, these data and information will be valuable assets for the wind-engineering and bridge-engineering com...

  10. Structure-borne noise of railway composite bridge: Numerical simulation and experimental validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaozhen; Liu, Quanmin; Pei, Shiling; Song, Lizhong; Zhang, Xun

    2015-09-01

    In order to investigate the characteristics of the noise from steel-concrete composite bridges under high-speed train loading, a model used to predict the bridge-borne noise is established and validated through a field experiment. The numerical model for noise prediction is developed based on the combination of spatial train-track-bridge coupled vibration theory and Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA). Firstly, train-track-bridge coupled vibration is adopted to obtain the velocity time history of the bridge deck vibration. Then, the velocity time history is transferred into frequency domain through FFT to serve as the vibratory energy of SEA deck subsystems. Finally, the transmission of the vibratory energy is obtained by solving the energy balance equations of SEA, and the sound radiation is computed using the vibro-acoustic theory. The numerically computed noise level is verified by a field measurement. It is determined that the dominant frequency of steel-concrete composite bridge-borne noise is 20-1000 Hz. The noise from the bottom flange of steel longitudinal girder is less than other components in the whole frequency bands, while the noise from web of steel longitudinal girder is dominant in high frequency range above 315 Hz. The noise from concrete deck dominates in low-frequency domain ranges from 80 Hz to 160 Hz.

  11. 淦河桥梁方案设计研究%Design and Research on Bridge Scheme of Gan River

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡忠华

    2016-01-01

    Following the principal of applicable,economical,safe and beautiful and taking the bridge crossing Gan River in Jingui west road in Xianning City as the engineering background,four types of bridge design schemes are introduced,namely simple supported girder bridge,continuous girder bridge,through tied-arch bridge,and cable-stayed bridge without backstays.The tied arch bridge is chosen as the recommended proposal by taking bridge design,landscape feature,construction feasibil-ity and economy into comprehensive consideration.%遵循“适用、经济、安全、美观”的桥梁设计基本原则,以咸宁市金桂西路跨淦河大桥为工程背景,提供了4种桥梁设计方案:无背索斜拉桥,预应力混凝土连续梁桥、预应力混凝土简支 T梁桥、下承式系杆拱桥。综合考虑论证桥梁构造设计、景观特色、施工可行性和经济性等因素,选取下承式系杆拱桥作为推荐方案。

  12. Welding of girders to insert plates of composite steel-concrete structure of tower in Kuwait

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Lisiecki

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: A study of influence of preheating and MMA welding technique of tee-joints of plate girders to insert plates of a composite steel-concrete structure of the telecommunication tower, on the properties and quality of the concrete in the region of the insert plate has been carried out.Design/methodology/approach: Studies of thermo-mechanical phenomena during manual arc welding MMA of tee-joints between plate girders and insert plates were carried out to identify possible sources of the concrete damage due to high welding temperature and stresses.Findings: It was shown that MMA welding at vertical-up position, by a rutile coated electrode of diameter 3,2 [mm], at welding current 110-120 [A], of the butt welds of tee-joints of girders and the insert plate does not cause any harmful and damaging effect to concrete, which temperature in a region of the contact with the bottom surface of the insert plate does not exceed 240 [°C] during full cycle of welding. Tensile and compression stresses of concrete are transmitted mainly by anchoring bars, fixed in concrete and also by reinforcing fabric of concrete, and do not cause any cracks of concrete.Research limitations/implications: To achieve more consistent results of the numerical analysis of stresses and deformation distribution in the insert plate with experimental results, it is necessary to calculate plastic deformation of materials and also take into consideration nonlinear change of yield point (plasticity as a function of temperature.Practical implications: The technology was applied for welding of the girders to insert plates of the telecommunication tower in Kuwait.Originality/value: Welding procedure specification ensuring high quality of the welded joints of girders and insert plate of composite steel-concrete structure.

  13. Welding of girders to insert plates of composite steel-concrete structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Klimpel

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: of this paper: A study of influence of preheating and MMA welding technique of tee-joints of plate girders to insert plates of a composite steel-concrete structure of the telecommunication tower, on the properties and quality of the concrete in the region of the insert plate has been carried out.Design/methodology/approach: Studies of thermo-mechanical phenomena during manual arc welding MMA of tee-joints between plate girders and insert plates were carried out to identify possible sources of the concrete damage due to high welding temperature and stresses.Findings: It was shown that MMA welding at vertical-up position, by a rutile coated electrode of diameter 3,2 [mm], at welding current 110-120 [A], of the butt welds of tee-joints of girders and the insert plate does not cause any harmful and damaging effect to concrete, which temperature in a region of the contact with the bottom surface of the insert plate does not exceed 240 [˚C] during full cycle of welding. Tensile and compression stresses of concrete are transmitted mainly by anchoring bars, fixed in concrete and also by reinforcing fabric of concrete, and do not cause any cracks of concrete.Research limitations/implications: To achieve more consistent results of the numerical analysis of stresses and deformation distribution in the insert plate with experimental results, it is necessary to calculate plastic deformation of materials and also take into consideration nonlinear change of yield point (plasticity as a function of temperature.Practical implications: The technology was applied for welding of the girders to insert plates of the telecommunication tower in Kuwait.Originality/value: Welding procedure specification ensuring high quality of the welded joints of girders and insert plate of composite steel-concrete structure.

  14. Impact Coefficient Analysis of Long-Span Railway Cable-Stayed Bridge Based on Coupled Vehicle-Bridge Vibration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongle Li

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Compared with medium and small span bridges, very limited attention has been paid on the research of the impact coefficient of long-span railway bridges. To estimate the impact effects of long-span railway bridges subjected to moving vehicles, a real long-span railway cable-stayed bridge is regarded as the research object in this study, and a coupled model of vehicle-bridge system is established. The track irregularities are taken as the system excitation and the dynamic responses of the vehicle-bridge system are calculated. The impact effects on main girder, stayed cable, bearings, and bridge tower are discussed at various vehicle speeds. The results show that different components of the long-span railway cable-stayed bridge have different impact coefficients. Even for each part, the impact coefficient is also different at different local positions. It reveals that the impact coefficients in the actual situation may have significant differences with the related code clauses in the present design codes.

  15. Shaping 3-D boxes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenholt, Rasmus; Madsen, Claus B.

    2011-01-01

    Enabling users to shape 3-D boxes in immersive virtual environments is a non-trivial problem. In this paper, a new family of techniques for creating rectangular boxes of arbitrary position, orientation, and size is presented and evaluated. These new techniques are based solely on position data......, making them different from typical, existing box shaping techniques. The basis of the proposed techniques is a new algorithm for constructing a full box from just three of its corners. The evaluation of the new techniques compares their precision and completion times in a 9 degree-of-freedom (Do......F) docking experiment against an existing technique, which requires the user to perform the rotation and scaling of the box explicitly. The precision of the users' box construction is evaluated by a novel error metric measuring the difference between two boxes. The results of the experiment strongly indicate...

  16. 中朝鸭绿江界河公路大桥耐久性技术研究%Study of Durability Enhancing Techniques for Yalu Boundary River Highway Bridge Connecting China and DPR Korea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫大伟

    2014-01-01

    The Yalu Boundary River Highway Bridge is a two-pylon steel box girder cable-stayed bridge with a main span of 636 m .The bridge site is located where the climate is harsh in winter and the meteorological condition is complex ,creating challenges for the durability of the bridge .By the combined use of both the theoretical and experimental methods ,a number of studies were conducted ,including the mixing proportion design of the frost-resisting high performance concrete that has high flow state and is able to resist sea water erosion ,the feasibility of - 10 ~ - 5℃ low temperature welding techniques and the externally-installed vibration absorbers for stay ca-bles .The results of the study indicate that the chosen compressive strength ,shrinking behavior , impermeability and frost and thaw resistant performance of concrete all have superior indexes which meet the design requirements .The trial plates were made to take shape by the welding tech-niques applied to real bridges .The tensile strength in the welding joints of trial plates and the yielding strength ,tensile strength and the extension rate after break of the metals in the welding joints could meet the requirements .The feasigility of - 10 ~ - 5 ℃ low temperature welding is proved feasible .And according to the testing results ,the quality control measures for the steel box girder heat preservation ,preheating and other low temperature welding were determined . The pendulum leverage mass vibration dampers featuring the eddy current damping and friction damp -ing for stay cables have sound vibration damping effect and temperature stability .The application of the aforementioned techniques ensures that the bridge has sound durability .%中朝鸭绿江界河公路大桥为主跨636 m 的双塔双索面钢箱梁斜拉桥,桥址处气候严寒,气象条件复杂。为解决桥梁耐久性问题,通过理论与试验相结合的方法,进行高流态耐海水侵蚀的抗冻性高性

  17. NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF CRACK AND STRAIN BEHAVIOR OF RC SLAB IN STEEL-CONCRETE COMPOSITE GIRDER UNDER NEGATIVE BENDING

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakaguchi, Junichi; Nakajima, Akinori; Suzuki, Yasuo

    The sophisticated numerical analysis method is required to simulate the strain behavior of the reinforcement and the crack width of the RC slab, although many researches are conducted on the cracking behavior of the RC slab in the composite girder under the negative bending. In this paper, the numerical analysis method is constructed to evaluate the strain behavior of the reinforcement and the crack width of the RC slab in the steel-concrete composite girder subjected to the negative bending. The analysis method using the rigid body spring model takes into account the imperfect composite action between the steel girder and the RC slab, the bond between the reinforcement and the concrete, and the shrinkage of the concrete. As a result, it is confirmed that the analysis method can simulate the crack and the strain behavior of RC slab quantitatively in the steel-concrete composite girder under the negative bending.

  18. Optimization of Dead Load State in Earth-Anchored Cable-Stayed Bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bin Sun∗; Rucheng Xiao

    2015-01-01

    In order to determine the reasonable completed dead load state in earth⁃anchored cable⁃stayed bridges, a practical method is proposed. The method is based on the rigidly supported continuous beam method and the feasible zone method, emphasizing on the mutual effect between the self⁃anchored structural parts and the earth⁃anchored ones. Three cable⁃stayed bridge models are designed with the main spans of 1 400 m, including a partially earth⁃anchored cable⁃stayed bridge, a cable⁃stayed⁃suspension bridge and a fully self⁃anchored cable⁃stayed bridge, in which the C50 concrete and Q345 steel are adopted. The partially earth⁃anchored cable⁃stayed bridge and the cable⁃stayed⁃suspension bridge secure lower compressive force in the girder than the fully self⁃anchored cable⁃stayed bridge by 25 percent at least. The same is for the material consumption of the whole bridge. Furthermore, the anchor volume is more than 20% lower in the partially earth⁃anchored cable⁃stayed bridge than that in the cable⁃stayed⁃suspension bridge. Consequently, the practical span of cable⁃stayed bridges can be accordingly extended.

  19. Field Test of a Bridge Deck with Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Bars as the Top Mat of Reinforcement

    OpenAIRE

    Harlan, Matthew

    2004-01-01

    The primary objective of this research project was to perform live load tests on a bridge deck with GFRP reinforcement in the field under service conditions. The strains and deflections in the span reinforced with GFRP in the top mat were recorded under a series of truck crossings, and these were compared to the span reinforced with all steel bars under identical loading conditions, as well as design values and other test results. Transverse strains in the GFRP bars, girder distribution fac...

  20. Scaled down model design of shaking table test of Taizhou Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Jukao; Han Lei; Zhao Yi; Peng Tianbo

    2012-01-01

    Taizhou Bridge is the first kilometer level three-pylon two-span suspension bridge in the world and the structural complexity has significant effects on the seismic performance of the bridge. Shaking table test of Taizhou Bridge is arranged to investigate the effects of non-uniform ground motion input, collision between main and side spans and optimal seismic structural system. It' s very important and difficult to design and manufacture the scaled down model of Taizhou Bridge used during the shaking table test. The key point is that the girder and pylons are very hard to be manufactured if the similarity ratio is strictly followed. Based on the finite element method (FEM) analysis, a simplified scaled down model is designed and the bending stiffness of the girder and pylon are strictly simulated, and the torsion stiffness and axial stiffness are not strictly simulated. The inner forces and displacements of critical sections, points of simplified model and theoretical model are compared by FEM analysis, and it' s found out that the difference between the seismic responses is relatively small. So, the simplified model can be used to conduct the shaking table test by the FEM verification.

  1. Myocardial Bridging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shi-Min Yuan

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Myocardial bridging is rare. Myocardial bridges are most commonly localized in the middle segment of the left anterior descending coronary artery. The anatomic features of the bridges vary significantly. Alterations of the endothelial morphology and the vasoactive agents impact on the progression of atherosclerosis of myocardial bridging. Patients may present with chest pain, myocardial infarction, arrhythmia and even sudden death. Patients who respond poorly to the medical treatment with β-blockers warrant a surgical intervention. Myotomy is a preferred surgical procedure for the symptomatic patients. Coronary stent deployment has been in limited use due to the unsatisfactory long-term results.

  2. Interactive Shear Buckling Of Plate Girder with Corrugated Web (Analytical Solution)

    OpenAIRE

    Prof.Dr:S.A.Tohamy; Ass.Prof.Dr:A.B.Saddek; Eng: Asmaa.Y.Hamed

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents analytical studies the elastic interactive shear buckling stress of corrugated steel web is calculated by all possible failure criteria (steel yielding, local and global buckling stresses), using Minimum Potential Energy Method to determine critical shear stress of local and global buckling of plate girder with corrugated webs. The results are compared with Finite element method (FEM) using ANSYS/V12. It found that the proposed equations are a good agreement with the resul...

  3. ALUMINUM BOX BUNDLING PRESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iosif DUMITRESCU

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In municipal solid waste, aluminum is the main nonferrous metal, approximately 80- 85% of the total nonferrous metals. The income per ton gained from aluminum recuperation is 20 times higher than from glass, steel boxes or paper recuperation. The object of this paper is the design of a 300 kN press for aluminum box bundling.

  4. The mirror box

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Gene; Mathieson, Don

    2001-11-01

    The mirror box is an old standby in magic shows and an impressive demonstration of the law of reflection for the physics instructor. The box creates the illusion of an object floating in space by the use of a plane mirror.

  5. Wind tunnel test on the effect of wind barrier porosity on train-bridge system%风屏障透风率对车-桥系统气动特性影响的风洞试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何玮; 郭向荣; 邹云峰; 何旭辉

    2015-01-01

    With the background of a streamlined steel box girder cable-stayed bridge and a type of passenger trains, the effect of wind barrier porosity on the aerodynamic characteristics of train-bridge system was analysed by wind tunnel test.According to the theoretical and experimental analysis data,the Strouhal number of the train-bridge system deceases with the increase of wind barrier porosity.With the train located windward,the porosity of wind barrier affects the Strouhal number of train-bridge system obviously.With increasing porosity of wind barrier,the drag coefficient of bridge deceases, while the drag coefficient of train increases.The absolute values of lift coefficients of bridge and train both increase with increasing porosity of wind barrier.Taking into consideration the wind attack angle and the position of train,when the porosity of wind barrier is 10%,the aerodynamic forces on the train and the train-bridge system are both small,which is suitable for the operational safety of train and wind resistance of bridge structures.%以某流线型钢箱主梁斜拉桥和轨道客运 A 型车为背景,通过风洞试验研究了风屏障透风率对车-桥系统气动性能的影响。分析试验数据得知:车-桥系统的斯特罗哈数随风屏障透风率增大而减小;当列车处于迎风位置时,风屏障的透风率对车-桥系统斯特罗哈数的影响较为明显;桥梁阻力系数随风屏障透风率的增大而减小,而列车阻力系数随风屏障透风率的增大而增大;随风屏障透风率增大,桥梁和列车升力系数的绝对值均增大;综合考虑列车位置和风攻角等影响因素,风屏障透风率为10%时,列车及车-桥系统在侧风下受到的气动力均较小,有利于行车安全。

  6. Dynamic characterization and damage detection in the I-40 bridge over the Rio Grande

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farrar, C.R.; Baker, W.E.; Bell, T.M.; Cone, K.M.; Darling, T.W.; Duffey, T.A.; Eklund, A.; Migliori, A.

    1994-06-01

    In the 1960`s and 1970`s over 2500 bridges were built in the U.S. with a design similar to those on Interstate 40 over the Rio Grande in Albuquerque, New Mexico. These bridges were built without structural redundancy and typically have only two plate girders carrying the entire dead and live loads. Failure of either girder is assumed to produce catastrophic failure of the bridge, hence these bridges are referred to as fracture-critical bridges. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) have provided funds to New Mexico State University (NMSU) through the New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department (NMSH&TD) and The Alliance For Transportation Research (ATR) for evaluation and testing of the existing fracture critical bridges over the Rio Grande. Because the 1-40 bridges over the Rio Grande were to be razed during the summer of 1993, the investigators were able to introduce simulated fatigue cracks, similar to those observed in the field, into the structure in order to test various damage identification methods and to observe the changes in load paths through the structure caused by the cracking. To support this research effort, NMSU contracted Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to perform experimental modal analyses, and to develop experimentally verified numerical models of the bridge. Scientists from the LANL`s Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics Group (P-10) applied state-of-the-art sensors and data acquisition software to the modal tests. Engineers from the LANL`s Advanced Engineering Technology Group (MEE-13) conducted ambient and forced vibration tests to verify detailed and simplified finite element models of the bridge. Forced vibration testing was done in conjunction with engineers from Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) who provided and operated a hydraulic shaker.

  7. Design of Main Pier Foundations for Guyumen Channel Bridge of Pingtan Strait Rail-cum-Road Bridge%平潭海峡公铁两用大桥鼓屿门航道桥主墩基础设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙英杰; 梅新咏

    2016-01-01

    平潭海峡公铁两用大桥鼓屿门航道桥采用主跨364 m的钢桁混合梁斜拉桥方案,桥址区水深流急、风大涌险、潮大浪高、地质复杂、冲刷严重、航道等级高、有效作业时间短。为适应该桥桥址气象、水文、地质等条件,考虑通航安全、技术可行及工程经济性等要求,确定采用高桩承台方案,并对φ3.0m、φ4.0m、φ4.5m钻孔桩基础方案进行比选,确定选用φ4.5m钻孔桩基础方案,按先平台后吊箱围堰的顺序施工。大直径桩基础中各桩采用单独配筋设计;防撞结构由吊箱围堰、V形防撞梁及联结系组成,采用可拆卸式设计,并在围堰外壁设置消波孔;钻孔桩采用KTY5000型动力头钻机,并配制PESF935型中压空压机循环排渣,利用泥浆护壁、锲齿或球齿滚刀钻头钻具切削岩面成孔;采用内径406 mm的单导管法施工水下C45混凝土。%The Guyumen Channel Bridge of the Pingtan Strait Rail‐cum‐Road Bridge adopts the scheme of a steel truss hybrid girder cable‐stayed bridge with a main span of 364 m .The construc‐tion of the bridge is constrained by the complex geological and hydrological conditions at the bridge site ,including deep water ,strong currents ,heavy winds ,hazardous torrents ,high tides and tur‐bulent waves ,severe scour ,high grade of navigational channel and tight efficient operation time . To suit the meteorological ,hydrological and geological conditions at the bridge site ,by considering the safety and technical feasibility and engineering economy ,it was determined that the elevated pile cap scheme be adopted .The pile foundations formed of bored piles respectively with 3 .0 m , 4 .0 m and 4 .5 m diameters were compared ,and the foundation scheme of 4 .5 m diameter bored piles was finally chosen .The foundation was constructed following the sequence of constructing the platform first and then the suspended box cofferdam .For the

  8. 基于可靠度的组合桥梁设计及维护策略%Reliability-Based Design and Maintenance Strategy for Composite Bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慕圣; 陈锐斌

    2012-01-01

    Currently,the design practice of highway bridges around the world are moving towards limit states design,a reliability-based design procedure.Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code (CHBDC) is the first design code entirely developed based on limit states design philosophy,including foundations and FRP components.However,reliability of a structure decreases in service due to environmental attacks and material deterioration such as fatigue,corrosion and many other reasons.Therefore,the structure should be inspected periodically,and the reliability of the structure should be evaluated according to its age and field data.If its reliability is reduced to a certain level,a repair should be scheduled as well as some preventive maintenance measures should be implemented to prevent further deterioration.Recently,many research works have been conducted to investigate reliability-deterioration mechanisms for each type of infrastructure and its components,optimize the inspection and maintenance strategy,predict remaining service life,estimate its life cycle cost.This paper is focused on the study of reliability-deterioration mechanisms of slab on steel girder bridges due to fatigue and corrosion of steel girders as well as corrosion of reinforcement in the deck slab.Examples will also be given to illustrate the proposed life cycle management strategy for composite slab on steel girder bridges.

  9. Random Vibration Analysis of Train Moving over Slab Track on Bridge under Track Irregularities and Earthquakes by Pseudoexcitation Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiping Zeng

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the random vibration and the dynamic reliability of operation stability of train moving over slab track on bridge under track irregularities and earthquakes by the pseudoexcitation method (PEM. Each vehicle is modeled by multibody dynamics. The track and bridge is simulated by a rail-slab-girder-pier interaction finite element model. The coupling equations of motion are established based on the wheel-rail interaction relationship. The random excitations of the track irregularities and seismic accelerations are transformed into a series of deterministic pseudoexcitations by PEM. The time-dependent power spectral densities (PSDs of the random vibration of the system are obtained by step-by-step integration method, and the corresponding dynamic reliability is estimated based on the first-passage failure criterion. A case study is then presented in which a high-speed train moves over a slab track resting on a simply supported girder bridge. The PSD characteristics of the random vibration of the bridge and train are analyzed, the influence of the wheel-rail-bridge interaction models on the random vibration of the bridge and train is discussed, and furthermore the influence of train speed, earthquake intensity, and pier height on the dynamic reliability of train operation stability is studied.

  10. Discussion on Safety Control of Jacking Construction on Existing Box Type Bridge%既有线箱形桥顶进法施工篚安全控制技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文锐

    2012-01-01

    结合兰新铁路第二双线某框架桥穿越兰青线既有铁路顶进施工的实际情况,对既有线施工的行车安全管理、工期管理、施工现场管理和施工协调等方面进行了总结,介绍了通过采用科学施工组织,严格标准化作业,强化现场控制,狠抓关键环节等措施,确保既有线施工安全方面好的方法与做法,可为同类工程施工提供借鉴。%In light of the jacking practice of Lanzhou-Xinjiang Railway Second Double Line frame bridge crossing the existing Lanzhou-Qinhai railway of the actual situation, the transportation safety management of existing line, construction time management, construction site management and construction coordination are summarized. Important measures for safty control such as scientific engineering organization, standard operation, reinforced site control, and great attention attached to the key links are introduced for reference to the similar projects.

  11. Behavior of composite rigid frame bridge under bi-directional seismic excitations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaogang Liu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Pushover analysis and time history analysis are conducted to explore the bi-directional seismic behavior of composite steel-concrete rigid frame bridge, which is composed of RC piers and steel-concrete composite girders. Both longitudinal and transverse directions excitations are investigated using OpenSees. Firstly, the applicability of pushover analysis based on the fundamental mode is discussed. Secondly, an improved pushover analysis method considering the contribution of higher modes is proposed, and the applicability on composite rigid frame bridges under bi-directional earthquake is verified. Based on this method, an approach to predict the displacement responses of composite rigid frame bridge under random bi-directional seismic excitations by revising the elasto-plastic demand curve is also proposed. It is observed that the developed method yield a good estimate on the responses of composite rigid frame bridges under bi-directional seismic excitations.

  12. APPLICATION OF ULTRA-HIGH PERFORMANCE CONCRETE TO PEDESTRIAN CABLE-STAYED BRIDGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHI-DONG LEE

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The use of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC, which enables reducing the cross sectional dimension of the structures due to its high strength, is expected in the construction of the super-long span bridges. Unlike conventional concrete, UHPC experiences less variation of material properties such as creep and drying shrinkage and can reduce uncertainties in predicting time-dependent behavior over the long term. This study describes UHPC’s material characteristics and benefits when applied to super-long span bridges. A UHPC girder pedestrian cable-stayed bridge was designed and successfully constructed. The UHPC reduced the deflections in both the short and long term. The cost analysis demonstrates a highly competitive price for UHPC. This study indicates that UHPC has a strong potential for application in the super-long span bridges.

  13. Experimental study on AR fiberglass connectors for bridges made of composite materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolosana, N.

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available One highly relevant aspect in composite material bridgedesing is the study of the shear connectors to be used.Composite material bridges most commonly comprise acomposite deck resting on steel or reinforced concrete girders.This article analyzes the connectors most frequentlyused in such bridges.It also reviews the connectors used in the King StormwaterChannel Bridge, whose fibreglass deck is supported bygirders made of concrete-filled carbon fibre girders.The paper advances proposals for several types of connectorsand discusses the results of push-out test run ona number of prototypes with different geometries.The results are analyzed to identify the optimum model forthe “Autovia del Cantabrico” Overpass, with its 46-m span,carbon fibre girders and AR glass shear connectors.Un aspecto relevante dentro del proyecto de un puenterealizado en materiales compuestos es el estudio de losconectores. El caso mas frecuente de puente en materialescompuestos es aquel que presenta un tablero de materialescompuestos soportado por vigas metalicas o de hormigonarmado. En este trabajo se analizaran los tipos deconectores mas utilizados en este tipo de puentesSe analizaran tambien los conectores utilizados en elKing Stormwater Channel Bridge, donde ademas deltablero en fibra de vidrio, se fabricaron las vigas en fibrasde carbono rellenas de hormigon.En este articulo se propondran varios tipos de conectoresy se presentaran los resultados experimentales correspondientesal ensayo de “push-out” de varios prototipos condiferentes geometrias.Tras evaluar los resultados, se determinara el mas idoneopara su implantacion en el Paso Superior de la Autovia delCantabrico, de 46 metros de luz y que presenta las vigasen fibra de carbono y los conectores de vidrio AR.

  14. Bridge Management Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thoft-Christensen, Palle

    In this paper bridge management systems are discussed with special emphasis on management systems for reinforced concrete bridges. Management systems for prestressed concrete bridges, steel bridges, or composite bridges can be developed in a similar way.......In this paper bridge management systems are discussed with special emphasis on management systems for reinforced concrete bridges. Management systems for prestressed concrete bridges, steel bridges, or composite bridges can be developed in a similar way....

  15. Programmevaluierung Bridge

    OpenAIRE

    Warta, Katharina; Good, Barbara; Geyer, Anton

    2009-01-01

    BRIDGE is an initiative funded by the Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT) that aims to close the “funding gap” between basic and applied research in stand-alone projects with the primary objective of jointly developing the potential of basic and applied research. BRIDGE acts as an  umbrella structure under which the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) and the  Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG) coordinate two thematically open funding programmes: The ...

  16. Analysis on Adhesively-Bonded Joints of FRP-steel Composite Bridge under Combined Loading: Arcan Test Study and Numerical Modeling

    OpenAIRE

    Xu Jiang; Xuhong Qiang; Henk Kolstein; Frans Bijlaard

    2016-01-01

    The research presented in this paper is an experimental study and numerical analysis on mechanical behavior of the adhesively-bonded joint between FRP sandwich bridge deck and steel girder. Generally, there are three typical stress states in the adhesively-bonded joint: shear stress, tensile stress, and combination of both. To realize these stress states in the adhesively-bonded joint during tests, a specific loading device is developed with the capacity of providing six different loading ang...

  17. The effects of longitudinal prestressing on the box shear lag by the difference method%纵向预应力对箱梁剪力滞效应的差分解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘扬; 王东东

    2013-01-01

    Guided by the energy variational principle and based on the different longitudinal displacements of three parabolas,the basic differential equation of the shear lag of cantilever box girders is obtained,and its feasibility is proved by using the finite difference method.The method is applied to analyze the shear lag effect of cantilever box girder under the longitudinal prestressing of equivalent loaf.Based on the ANSYS,a model which features that the box girder is built and simulated by Solid 95,and the prestressed steel is simulated by Link 10.Later,the model is used to analyze the coefficient distribution rule of the shear lag of the box girder under the longitudinal prestressing,and then this rule is compared with the result from finite difference method.This comparison proves the applicability of the difference method in the study of the shear lag effect of the box girder under longitudinal prestressing of equivalent loaf,and longitudinal prestressing's effects on the shear lag effect of beam is also analyzed.%选取3次抛物线变化的纵向位移,通过能量变分原理得到悬臂箱梁的剪力滞基本微分方程,再利用有限差分法进行求解,将该方法用于分析纵向预应力等效荷载作用下的悬臂箱梁剪力滞效应.运用ANSYS有限元软件建立模型,采用Solid 95单元模拟箱梁,采用Link8单元模拟预应力钢束,分析在纵向预应力作用下箱梁剪滞系数分布规律并与差分法求解的结果进行对比.经过对比,验证了差分法求解纵向预应力等效荷载作用下箱梁剪滞效应的可行性,同时分析了纵向预应力对箱梁剪滞效应的影响.

  18. Cable Tester Box

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jason H.

    2011-01-01

    Cables are very important electrical devices that carry power and signals across multiple instruments. Any fault in a cable can easily result in a catastrophic outcome. Therefore, verifying that all cables are built to spec is a very important part of Electrical Integration Procedures. Currently, there are two methods used in lab for verifying cable connectivity. (1) Using a Break-Out Box and an ohmmeter this method is time-consuming but effective for custom cables and (2) Commercial Automated Cable Tester Boxes this method is fast, but to test custom cables often requires pre-programmed configuration files, and cables used on spacecraft are often uniquely designed for specific purposes. The idea is to develop a semi-automatic continuity tester that reduces human effort in cable testing, speeds up the electrical integration process, and ensures system safety. The JPL-Cable Tester Box is developed to check every single possible electrical connection in a cable in parallel. This system indicates connectivity through LED (light emitting diode) circuits. Users can choose to test any pin/shell (test node) with a single push of a button, and any other nodes that are shorted to the test node, even if they are in the same connector, will light up with the test node. The JPL-Cable Tester Boxes offers the following advantages: 1. Easy to use: The architecture is simple enough that it only takes 5 minutes for anyone to learn how operate the Cable Tester Box. No pre-programming and calibration are required, since this box only checks continuity. 2. Fast: The cable tester box checks all the possible electrical connections in parallel at a push of a button. If a cable normally takes half an hour to test, using the Cable Tester Box will improve the speed to as little as 60 seconds to complete. 3. Versatile: Multiple cable tester boxes can be used together. As long as all the boxes share the same electrical potential, any number of connectors can be tested together.

  19. MULTIFRACTAL FORMALISMS:BOXED VERSUS CENTERED INTERVALS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jacques Peyriére

    2003-01-01

    There are mainly two approaches to the multifractal analysis of measures.The first one,which is used in applications and in studying problems arising from dynamical systems,uses a hierarchy of boxes.The second one,which is more satisfactory from the viewpoint of geometric measure theory, uses more intrinsic concepts.This article is an account of a work by J.Barral,F.Ben Nasr,and J.Peyriére[3] which provides a bridge between these two theories.

  20. National Bridge Inventory (NBI) Bridges

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — The NBI is a collection of information (database) describing the more than 600,000 of the Nation's bridges located on public roads, including Interstate Highways,...

  1. A new multiconstraint method for determining the optimal cable stresses in cable-stayed bridges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asgari, B; Osman, S A; Adnan, A

    2014-01-01

    Cable-stayed bridges are one of the most popular types of long-span bridges. The structural behaviour of cable-stayed bridges is sensitive to the load distribution between the girder, pylons, and cables. The determination of pretensioning cable stresses is critical in the cable-stayed bridge design procedure. By finding the optimum stresses in cables, the load and moment distribution of the bridge can be improved. In recent years, different research works have studied iterative and modern methods to find optimum stresses of cables. However, most of the proposed methods have limitations in optimising the structural performance of cable-stayed bridges. This paper presents a multiconstraint optimisation method to specify the optimum cable forces in cable-stayed bridges. The proposed optimisation method produces less bending moments and stresses in the bridge members and requires shorter simulation time than other proposed methods. The results of comparative study show that the proposed method is more successful in restricting the deck and pylon displacements and providing uniform deck moment distribution than unit load method (ULM). The final design of cable-stayed bridges can be optimised considerably through proposed multiconstraint optimisation method.

  2. Rotational Angle Measurement of Bridge Support Using Image Processing Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young-Soo Park

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Measuring a very small rotational angle accurately and dynamically is indeed a challenging issue, especially in the case of bridge support. Also, existing inclinometers do not have sufficient resolution and accuracy to measure a bridge’s rotational angle. In this study, a new measurement system was developed to provide a practical means for measuring dynamic rotational angle of a bridge support. It features high resolution and accuracy compared with the available systems on the market. By the combinational use of a laser pointer and a vision-based displacement measurement system, the measurement accuracy was significantly increased. The accuracy and applicability were investigated through laboratory tests. From the laboratory tests, it has been found that the developed system can be applicable to bridge support with very small rotational angle. The effectiveness of the developed system was verified through field tests on real bridges. From the full-scale implementation on two PSC girder bridges, it is observed that the proposed system can measure the rotational angle with a high accuracy and reliability.

  3. Dynamic responses of cable-stayed bridges to vehicular loading including the effects of the local vibration of cables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    He ZHANG; Xu XIE

    2011-01-01

    Stay cables,the primary load carrying components of cable-stayed bridges (CSBs),are characterised by high flexibility which increases with the span of the bridge.This makes stay cables vulnerable to local vibrations which may have significant effects on the dynamic responses of long-span CSBs.Hence,it is essential to account for these effects in the assessment of the dynamics CSBs.In this paper,the dynamic responses of CSBs under vehicular loads are studied using the finite element method (FEM),while the local vibration of stay cables is analyzed using the substructure method.A case study of a cable-stayed steel bridge with a center span of 448 m demonstrates that stay cables undergo large displacements in the primary mode of the whole bridge although,in general,a cable's local vibrations are not obvious.The road surface roughness has significant effects on the interaction force between the deck and vehicle but little effect on the global response of the bridge.Load impact factors of the main girder and tower are small,and the impact factors of the tension of cables are larger than those of the displacements of girders and towers.

  4. The BOXES Methodology Black Box Dynamic Control

    CERN Document Server

    Russell, David W

    2012-01-01

    Robust control mechanisms customarily require knowledge of the system’s describing equations which may be of the high order differential type.  In order to produce these equations, mathematical models can often be derived and correlated with measured dynamic behavior.  There are two flaws in this approach one is the level of inexactness introduced by linearizations and the other when no model is apparent.  Several years ago a new genre of control systems came to light that are much less dependent on differential models such as fuzzy logic and genetic algorithms. Both of these soft computing solutions require quite considerable a priori system knowledge to create a control scheme and sometimes complicated training program before they can be implemented in a real world dynamic system. Michie and Chambers’ BOXES methodology created a black box system that was designed to control a mechanically unstable system with very little a priori system knowledge, linearization or approximation.  All the method need...

  5. Depth in box spaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pont, Sylvia C; Nefs, Harold T; van Doorn, Andrea J; Wijntjes, Maarten W A; Te Pas, Susan F; de Ridder, Huib; Koenderink, Jan J

    2012-01-01

    Human observers adjust the frontal view of a wireframe box on a computer screen so as to look equally deep and wide, so that in the intended setting the box looks like a cube. Perspective cues are limited to the size-distance effect, since all angles are fixed. Both the size on the screen, and the viewing distance from the observer to the screen were varied. All observers prefer a template view of a cube over a veridical rendering, independent of picture size and viewing distance. If the rendering shows greater or lesser foreshortening than the template, the box appears like a long corridor or a shallow slab, that is, like a 'deformed' cube. Thus observers ignore 'veridicality'. This does not fit an 'inverse optics' model. We discuss a model of 'vision as optical user interface'.

  6. 矮塔斜拉桥结构力学行为研究与设计实践%Cable Force Optimization and Design Practice of Low Tower Cable-stayed Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沐云秋

    2016-01-01

    With the development of bridges technology, as a combination bridge between the cable-stayed bridge and continuous girder that cable-stayed bridge with Low Towers is more and more applied, in recent ten years. This bridge belongs to the low tower cable-stayed bridge of pylon girder pier of Twin Towers and double cable plane. Extradited cable-stayed bridge has many mechanical properties are intermediate between the continuous rigid frame bridge and cable-stayed bridge, is by the beam bending, compression and cable tension to bear vertical loads. This design uses the MIDAS/Civil analysis program, provides analysis of data for each part of the design timely, and optimizes the cable which have a surplus volume of safety factor. The girder stress condition is further improved by appropriately adjusting the cable force.%随着桥梁技术的发展,矮塔斜拉桥作为介于斜拉桥和连续梁(刚构)之间的一种组合体系桥型,近十年来应用较多.本桥就属于塔梁墩固结的双塔双索面矮塔斜拉桥.矮塔斜拉桥有许多力学特性都介于连续刚构和斜拉桥之间,是以梁的受弯、受压和索的受拉来承受竖向荷载.本次设计采用MIDAS/Civil分析程,及时为各个设计环节提供分析数据并对安全系数有富余量的拉索进行优化,通过适当调整索力进一步改善主梁的受力状况.

  7. Building Bridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The report Building Bridges adresses the questions why, how and for whom academic audience research has public value, from the different points of view of the four working groups in the COST Action IS0906 Transforming Audiences, Transforming Societies – “New Media Genres, Media Literacy and Trust...... in the Media”, “Audience Interactivity and Participation”, “The Role of Media and ICT Use for Evolving Social Relationships” and “Audience Transformations and Social Integration”. Building Bridges is the result of an ongoing dialogue between the Action and non-academic stakeholders in the field of audience...

  8. Opto-Box

    CERN Document Server

    Bertsche, David; The ATLAS collaboration; Welch, Steven; Smith, Dale Shane; Che, Siinn; Gan, K.K.; Boyd, George Russell Jr

    2015-01-01

    The opto-box is a custom mini-crate for housing optical modules, which process and transfer optoelectronic data. The system tightly integrates electrical, mechanical, and thermal functionality into a small package of size 35x10x8 cm^3. Special attention was given to ensure proper shielding, grounding, cooling, high reliability, and environmental tolerance. The custom modules, which incorporate Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), were developed through a cycle of rigorous testing and redesign. In total, fourteen opto-boxes have been installed and loaded with modules on the ATLAS detector. They are currently in operation as part of the LHC run 2 data read-out chain.

  9. Experimental Evaluation and Implementation of Post-Tensioning in Concrete Bridge Decks

    OpenAIRE

    Ramirez, Julio A.; Aguilar, Gerardo

    2010-01-01

    A research program was conducted to evaluate the design recommendations for transverse post-tensioning of bridge decks developed in the FHWA/IN/JTRP/2002-26 (SPR-2409) report. The test specimen consisted of a 40x18 ft cast-in-place concrete deck on precast pretensioned girders. Thirty-two tests were carried out by applying different distributions of transverse post-tensioning force, in combination with a changing number of diaphragms, and two conditions of end-restraint at the supports. The t...

  10. Damage Detection for Continuous Bridge Based on Static-Dynamic Condensation and Extended Kalman Filtering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haoxiang He

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available As an effective and classical method about physical parameter identification, extended Kalman filtering (EKF algorithm is widely used in structural damage identification, but the equations and solutions for the structure with bending deformation are not established based on EKF. The degrees of freedom about rotation can be eliminated by the static condensation method, and the dynamic condensation method considering Rayleigh damping is proposed in order to establish the equivalent and simplified modal based on complex finite element model such as continuous girder bridge. According to the requirement of bridge inspection and health monitoring, the online and convenient damage detection method based on EKF is presented. The impact excitation can be generated only on one location by one hammer actuator, and the signal in free vibration is analyzed. The deficiency that the complex excitation information is needed based on the traditional method is overcome. As a numerical example, a three-span continuous girder bridge is simulated, and the corresponding stiffness, the damage location and degree, and the damping parameter are identified accurately. It is verified that the method is suitable for the dynamic signal with high noise-signal ratio; the convergence speed is fast and this method is feasible for application.

  11. State-of-the-art of long-span bridge engineering in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIANG Haifan; GE Yaojun

    2007-01-01

    This paper introduces the state-of-the-art of long-span bridge engineering in China with emphases on recent long-span bridge projects,bridge deck configuration and material,design codes of long-span bridges and improvement of aerodynamic performance.The recent long-span bridge projects include thirty-eight completed suspension bridges,cable-stayed and arch bridges with a main span over 400 m,and eighteen major bridges are under construction.The bridge deck configuration and material,with prestressed concrete decks,steel-concrete composite decks and steel box decks together with several popular cross-sections,are presented.The third part briefly outlines four design codes,including static and dynamic design for highway long-span bridges,and the recent engineering experiences gained from several aerodynamic vibration control projects of long-span bridges are shared in the last part.

  12. Building Bridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The report Building Bridges adresses the questions why, how and for whom academic audience research has public value, from the different points of view of the four working groups in the COST Action IS0906 Transforming Audiences, Transforming Societies – “New Media Genres, Media Literacy and Trust...

  13. 北京某矮塔斜拉桥的设计与施工实践%Study on Design and Construction of one Extradosed Cable-Stayed Bridge in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄年; 应伟强

    2011-01-01

    The main bridge of Tongzhou Yudaihe Bridge is a kind of prestressed concrete extradosed cable-stayed bridge with four span three pylon and double-cable-plane. Spans are attributed as (45 + 85 + 85 +45) m. The middle tower girder and pier are fixed. The side tower girder and pier are separated and supports mounted on the top of pier. Taking this bridge as an example, the characteristics of bridge type and force principle of the extradosed cablestayed bridge are simply analyzed. In this paper, the design conception and design gist of this type bridge are mainly introduced, and the construction scheme and construction techniques of this bridge are discussed.%北京通州玉带河大桥主桥为4跨3塔双索面预应力混凝土矮塔斜拉桥,主桥孔跨为45+85+85+45m,采用中塔塔梁固结、边塔塔梁与墩分离、墩顶设支座的结构形式.本文以该桥为例,浅析了预应力混凝土部分斜拉桥的桥型特点、受力特性,主要介绍了该类桥型的设计构思及要点,论述了该桥施工方案的选择及施工要点.

  14. Bridged graphite oxide materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera-Alonso, Margarita (Inventor); McAllister, Michael J. (Inventor); Aksay, Ilhan A. (Inventor); Prud'homme, Robert K. (Inventor)

    2010-01-01

    Bridged graphite oxide material comprising graphite sheets bridged by at least one diamine bridging group. The bridged graphite oxide material may be incorporated in polymer composites or used in adsorption media.

  15. Hydrophobic, Porous Battery Boxes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bragg, Bobby J.; Casey, John E., Jr.

    1995-01-01

    Boxes made of porous, hydrophobic polymers developed to contain aqueous potassium hydroxide electrolyte solutions of zinc/air batteries while allowing air to diffuse in as needed for operation. Used on other types of batteries for in-cabin use in which electrolytes aqueous and from which gases generated during operation must be vented without allowing electrolytes to leak out.

  16. Cereal Box Totems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, AnnMarie

    2002-01-01

    Presents a multicultural project used with fourth-grade students in which they created a three-dimensional totem pole using leftover cereal boxes. Discusses in detail how to create the totem pole. Explains that students learned about Northwest American Indians in class. (CMK)

  17. 粉房湾长江大桥斜拉索安装技术%Installation Techniques for Stay Cables of Fenfangwan Changjiang River Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高杰; 黄克起; 代龙

    2012-01-01

    粉房湾长江大桥主桥为公轨两用双层桥面钢桁梁斜拉桥,为了将斜拉索穿过索导管、顺利牵引至塔柱内箱,并保证锚固在主梁同一截面上的4根斜拉索同时对称张拉,设计制作了张拉杆、软牵引2套张拉系统.斜拉索施工方法如下:在上游塔柱各设置1台塔吊用于塔端斜拉索安装及空中展索;在塔顶布置卷扬机,将斜拉索牵引入索导管并提升塔柱内的千斤顶、撑脚、张拉杆等塔内设备;在塔顶布置工字钢扁担梁支撑塔顶卷扬机;在桥面塔柱安装卷扬机将索头提升至索导管位置;采用卷扬机及导向滑轮组、手拉葫芦将梁端索头牵引到位;采用千斤顶张拉斜拉索.%The main bridge of Fenfangwan Changjiang River Bridge is a double-deck light rail-cum-road steel truss girder cable-stayed bridge. To lead the stay cables through the cable ducts in the pylons and smoothly haul the cables to the boxes inside the pylon columns and also to ensure that the 4 stay cables anchored in the same section of the main girder could be tensioned simultaneously and symmetrically, two sets of the tensioning systems of the tensioning rods and the soft hauling devices were designed and fabricated. The construction methods for installation of the cables were mainly as follows: a tower crane was set at each pylon column on the upstream side and was used for installing the stay cables on the pylons and for stretching the cables in the air. At the top of the pylon, the winch was set to haul and lead the cables thorough the cable ducts and at the same time, the equipment inside the pylon column, like the jacks, distant spacer and tensioning rods, were lifted and the I-steel spreading beam was arranged to support the winch atop the pylon. On the pylon column at the deck, the winch was set as well to lift the cable ends to the cable ducts, the cable ends were hauled in place by the winch, guiding pulley blocks and chain block and the cables

  18. Influence of ballastless track constraint on the seismic responses of high-speed railway train-bridge system%无砟轨道约束对高速铁路列车-桥梁系统地震响应的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈令坤; 蒋丽忠; 余志武

    2013-01-01

    The high-speed train (motor car/trailer car) model with 38 DOFs was build up ,based on the nonlinear Hertz contact theory and the Kalker creep theory ,the strong earthquake records of PEER-NGA were introduced ,the fine model of the high-speed train-ballastless track/rail-box girder-bearing-pier-pier-soil were established in this paper ,the influence of bearing and pile-soil dynamic interaction were considered ,CRTSⅡslab ballastless track and 32 m span simply-supported box girder bridge were studied ,the MATLAB software was developed to calculated the seismic responses and train-running safety during earthquake of high-speed railway train-bridge system ,and the comparative analysis was carried out .The calculated results show that ,the seismic response of the system were larger compared with the high-speed train-ballastless track-bridge system ,the constraint influence of the ballastless track can not be ignored ,the ballastless track can effectively improve the train-running safety behavior of vehi-cle with/without earthquake action ;the pulse like fault earthquake can significantly affected the respon-ses of high-speed railway train-ballastless track-bridge system and train-running safety .%建立了38自由度高速列车(动车/拖车)空间振动模型,基于非线性Hertz接触理论和Kalker线性蠕滑理论,引进PEER-NGA强震记录,建立地震作用下的高速铁路列车-无砟轨道/钢轨-桥梁-支座-桥墩-桩土系统精细计算模型,考虑支座刚度和桩土作用及近场地震效应的影响,以高速铁路32 m跨简支箱梁桥和CRTSⅡ板式无砟轨道为研究对象,编制了MATLAB程序,计算了有/无砟轨道约束下高速列车-桥梁时系统的地震响应。计算结果表明,不考虑三层无砟轨道时列车-桥梁系统模型由于桥梁刚度过大,列车-无砟轨道-桥梁系统的各项地震响应较列车-钢轨-桥梁系统有较大增加;对于有/无地震作用时,采用无砟轨道

  19. Impact effect analysis for a continuous concrete curved bridge due to multi-vehicle loading%混凝土连续曲线箱梁桥在多车荷载作用下的冲击效应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晓敏; 黄新艺; 卓卫东; 上官萍; 李岩

    2012-01-01

    influence on the bridge impact effects; the impact factors increase with increase in space headway but the corresponding maximum responses decrease. The presented results provided a reference for design of continuous curved box girder bridges.

  20. The Anchor Scheme Analysis on CFRP Plate Reinforcing Multi-function Bridge in High Environmental Temperature%高温作用下CFRP板加固多功能箱梁桥锚固方案分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁鑫; 张继文; 宋守坛

    2012-01-01

    孟加拉邦戈邦都大桥在频繁的旱灾、热带气旋等多种气候灾害影响下,由于表面温度应力导致桥面层纵向开裂,初步设计对桥面裂缝灌注环氧树脂进行修复,然后在桥面横向粘贴碳纤维板约束纵向裂缝发展;对桥面进行找平,设置隔热和防水层后,铺设5cm厚的玛蹄脂沥青耐磨层.目前,在桥面板大面积粘贴CFRP板并铺设玛蹄脂沥青层,为了研究铺设玛蹄脂沥青层的高温作用对CFRP板加固多功能箱梁桥的效果,根据设计方案进行6种不同方案锚固试验,分析高温环境下CFRP板加固多功能箱梁桥的合理锚固方案.%In the influence of various climate disasters, such as frequent drought and tropical cyclone, the surface temperature stress leads to longitudinal surface crack of Bangabandhu Bridge. The initial design was to fill the crack with grouting epoxy resin, then attach CFRP plate in transverse direction to restrain the further development of longitudinal crack. At last, the bridge deck was flattened, and covered with insulating layer, waterproof layer and 5cm thick Matrix Asphalt ( SMA). It was the first time in the world that large area of CFRP plate was glued on bridge panel and then covered by the construction of matrix asphalt layer. In order to investigate the effect of high temperature during the application of asphalt layer to the CFRP reinforcement, six different anchor schemes were tested according to the design scheme to find out the reasonable anchorage scheme for CFRP plate strengthening multi-function box girder bridge in high environmental temperature.

  1. Opto-Box

    CERN Document Server

    Bertsche, David; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    The opto-box is a custom mini-crate for housing optical modules, which process and transfer optoelectronic data. Many novel solutions were developed for the custom design and manufacturing. The system tightly integrates electrical, mechanical, and thermal functionality into a small package of size 35x10x8 cm$^{3}$. Special attention was given to ensure proper shielding, grounding, cooling, high reliability, and environmental tolerance. The custom modules, which incorporate Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), were developed through a cycle of rigorous testing and redesign. In total, fourteen opto-boxes have been installed and loaded with modules on the ATLAS detector. They are currently in operation as part of the LHC run 2 data read-out chain.

  2. The Box Method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peter Vilhelm

    The velocity level in a room ventilated by jet ventilation is strongly influenced by the supply conditions. The momentum flow in the supply jets controls the air movement in the room and, therefore, it is very important that the inlet conditions and the numerical method can generate a satisfactory...... description of this momentum flow. The Box Method is a practical method for the description of an Air Terminal Device which will save grid points and ensure the right level of the momentum flow....

  3. The Electronic Battle Box

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouin, Denis; Turcotte, Guy; Lebel, Eric; Gilbert, Annie

    2000-08-01

    The Electronic Battle Box is an integrated suite of planning and decision-aid tools specially designed to facilitate Canadian Armed Force Officers during their training and during their tasks of preparing and conducting military operations. It is the result of a collaborative effort between the Defence Research Establishment Valcartier, the Directorate of Army Doctrine (DAD), the Directorate of Land Requirements (DLR), the G4 staff of 1Cdn Div HQ and CGI Information and Management Consultants Inc. Distributed on CD-ROM, the Electronic Battle Box contains efficient and user-friendly tools that significantly reduce the planning time for military operations and ensure staff officers a better focus on significant tasks. Among the tools are an OrBat Browser and an Equipment Browser allowing to view and edit military organizations, a Task Browser providing facilities to prepare plans using Gantt charts, a Logistic Planner allowing to estimate supply requirements applying complex calculations, and Road, Air and Rail Movement Planners. EBB also provides staff officers with a large set of doctrinal documents in an electronic format. This paper provides an overview of the various tools of the Electronic Battle Box.

  4. Unified expression for failure of reinforced concrete members in bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Reinforced concrete structural elements with box section are commonly used in the horizontal and vertical structure of bridges. The reinforced concrete structure in bridge often failed under the combined forces of bending, axial load, shear and torsion caused by wind and earthquake. It is very important to study the mechanism of RC box section structures subjected to a combination of forces. A theoretical study and deduction of the unified expression for failure of reinforced concrete members with box section under combined bending, shear, axial force and torsion were carried out with stress equilibrium assumption. Comparison of theoretical analysis results with experimental results showed that the unified expression for failure of reinforced concrete members with box section can be used for static calculation of such structure members.

  5. Carbon Fibre-reinforced Polymer Strengthening and monitoring of the Gröndals Bridge in Sweden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Täljsten, Björn; Hejll, A.; James, G.

    2007-01-01

    The Gröndal Bridge is a large freivorbau bridge (prestressed concrete box bridge), approximately 400 m in length with a free span of 120 m. It was opened to tram traffic in the year 2000. Just after opening cracks were noticed in the webs, these cracks have then increased, the size of the largest...

  6. Determination of stability of steel girder structures of large surface mining equipment - calculation of the operating strength factor according to the first revision of TGL 13472

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roessiger, R.

    1987-01-01

    The TGL 13472 industrial standard calculation method is explained for steel girder stability and fatigue with the example of a bucket wheel excavator boom. The excavator operates in block mining with the bucket wheel boom slewing 90 degrees. Bucket wheel cutting and girder load forces are determined by a computer program. Their values are listed. Equations for maximum load fatigue and operating strength factor are given along with stability results. Time required for calculations is regarded as reasonable. 4 refs.

  7. Time-Variant Reliability Analysis of FPSO Hull Girder Considering Corrosion Based on Statistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Dao-kun; TANG Wen-yong; ZHANG Sheng-kun

    2007-01-01

    FPSO is a kind of important exploitation platform used in ocean oil and gas industry, which has the unique character of mooring at outsea for a long time. Since it can not be inspected and maintained thoroughly at dock like other kinds of ships, the reliability of FPSO hull girder during the whole service should be focused. Based on latest corrosion database and rational corrosion model, the ultimate strength of one FPSO is calculated under the conditions of slight, moderate and severe corrosion. The results not only provide the reliability under different corrosion conditions, but also do well for further inspection and maintenance research. The results provide necessary foundation for deciding inspection intervals and maintenance measures, which has practical sense to improve the general safety level of ocean engineering.

  8. Analysis of the hull girder vibration by dynamic stiffness matrix method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Ping; ZHAO De-you

    2006-01-01

    Dynamic stiffness matrix method is applied to compute vibration of hull girder in this paper.This method can not only simplify the computational model, but also get much higher frequencies and responses accurately. The analytical expressions of dynamic stiffness matrix of a Timoshenko beam for transverse vibration are presented in this paper. All effects of rotatory inertia and shear deformation are taken into account in the formulation. The resulting dynamic stiffness matrix combined with the Wittrick-Williams algorithm is used to compute natural frequencies and mode shapes of the 299,500 DWT VLCC, and then the vibrational responses are solved by the mode superposition method. The computational results are compared with those obtained from other approximate methods and experiment,and it indicates that the method is accurate and efficient.

  9. 列车作用下悬索桥刚度参数对桥梁动力性能影响%Influence research of dynamic responses of multi-tower suspension bridge under different stiffness parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    水银霞

    2015-01-01

    分析研究了某多塔悬索桥不同的桁宽、桁高、主缆刚度和中塔刚度等刚度敏感参数对桥梁自振特性以及桥梁动力响应的变化规律,分析表明,加劲梁桁宽的增加能显著增大桥梁横向基频,且能减小跨中横向振动响应;加劲梁桁高、主塔刚度以及主缆刚度的增加均能提高结构整体竖向刚度,显著减小桥梁跨中竖向振动位移。%A detailed research on the effects of stiffness parameters such as beam width,girder height,stiffness of main cable and pylon tower are made under multiple loading conditions. The discipline of the calculation results was summarized. The results show that increase of the width of girder can significantly increase lateral vibration frequency and reduce the transverse vibration response of the bridge. The increase of the height of girder,the stiffness of the middle tower and the stiffness of the main cable can significantly increase the vertical stiffness of the bridge and re-duce the vertical vibration response of the bridge,which is beneficial to train running.

  10. New technological approach in reconstructing Hanshin expressway. Base isolation for continuous rigid frame bridge; Hanshin kosoku doro fukkyu deno aratana kokoromi. Rittai ramen kyokyaku kabu menshinkyo wo chushin to shite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morikawa, H. [Kobe University, Kobe (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1996-09-15

    This paper presents new technological approach in reconstructing Hanshin expressway damaged by Hyogo-ken Nanbu earthquake. The expressway of Benten section was composed of 6 three-span continuous RC floor slab girders supported by RC single columns, and 2 simple girders. Among them, 3 girders fell and 5 girders were largely damaged. As the study result of various structures for reconstruction, the 19-span continuous steel plate deck rigid frame bridge was adopted which is supported by steel piers with plane aseismic base isolation structure first in the world. Static and dynamic analyses of 3-D model were carried out to evaluate structure characteristics. The result of static analysis revealed that pile reaction forces are allowable, and horizontal forces due to earthquake or temperature at the bottom of piers considerably decrease. The result of eigenvalue analysis revealed that all of preferential lower- order modes are horizontal mode, and their frequencies are as low as 0.7Hz. The designed damping factor of aseismic bearings was estimated to be 15% or more. 9 figs., 1 tab.

  11. 新型高速铁路专用桥梁检测车的设计方案%Design scheme of bridge-inspection vehicle applies for new high-speed railway bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张效奎; 刘伟; 韩国梁; 李娟娟

    2012-01-01

    In order to solve the problems of new high-speed railway bridge cancel human pavement,the skylight time limit and other characteristics that traditional bridge test equipment maintenance can't reach the detection requirements,a mechanical design plan of new high-speed railway bridge-detection vehicle was investigated. This bridge-detection vehicle uses the structure of fixed gate-type girder,its guiding girder and drive girder walk alternately. This vehicle can detect the onderkant of the bridge and bridge piers with image acquisition technology and can pass the bridge pier automatically without affect the normal train traffic. And its 3D modeling and simulation animation was completed by Solidworks.the virtual prototype was tested. The experimental results show that this design scheme is feasible. This plan will provide reference to more testing and maintenance of railway bridge equipment research and development.%为了解决新型高速铁路桥梁取消人行便道、受“天窗”时间限制等传统桥梁检测维护设备不能达到检测要求的问题,提出了一种新型高速铁路专用桥梁检测车的机械设计方案.该检测车设计采用门式梁固联、导向梁和驱动梁交替行走结构形式;利用图像采集技术实施对高铁桥梁下表面及桥墩的检测;可在不影响列车正常通行的情况下,实现自动过墩.最后,用Solidworks完成了三维建模及动画仿真,并进行了虚拟样机试验.研究结果表明,该设计方案是可行的,为更多高速铁路桥梁检测维护设备研发提供了借鉴和参考.

  12. Projection optics box

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Layton C.; Malsbury, Terry; Hudyma, Russell M.; Parker, John M.

    2000-01-01

    A projection optics box or assembly for use in an optical assembly, such as in an extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) system using 10-14 nm soft x-ray photons. The projection optics box utilizes a plurality of highly reflective optics or mirrors, each mounted on a precision actuator, and which reflects an optical image, such as from a mask, in the EUVL system onto a point of use, such as a target or silicon wafer, the mask, for example, receiving an optical signal from a source assembly, such as a developed from laser system, via a series of highly reflective mirrors of the EUVL system. The plurality of highly reflective optics or mirrors are mounted in a housing assembly comprised of a series of bulkheads having wall members secured together to form a unit construction of maximum rigidity. Due to the precision actuators, the mirrors must be positioned precisely and remotely in tip, tilt, and piston (three degrees of freedom), while also providing exact constraint.

  13. Dynamic analysis and modal test of long-span cable-stayed bridge based on ambient excitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Chang-song; YAN Dong-huang

    2007-01-01

    To study the stifilless distilbution of girder and the method to identify modal parameters of cable-stayed bridge, a simplified dynamical finite element method model named three beams model was established for the girder with double ribs.Based on the simplified model four stiffness formulae were deduced according to Hamilton principle.These formulae reflect well the contribution of the flexural, shearing, free torsion and restricted torsion deformation, respectively.An identification method about modal parameters was put forward by combining method of peak value and power spectral density according to modal test under ambient excitation.The dynamic finite element method analysis and modal test were carried out in a long-span concrete cable-stayed bridge.The results show that the errors of frequencies between theoretical analysis and test results are less than 10%mostly,and the most important modal parameters for cable-stayed bridge are determined to be the longitudinal floating mode, the first vertical flexural mode and the first torsional mode, which demonstrate that the method of stifiness distribution for three beams model is accurate and method to identify modal parameters is effective under ambient excitation modal test.

  14. Optimizationd sign fo erhead raveling rane's box irder%桥式起重机箱形梁的优化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田国富; 孙书慧; 程艳辉

    2000-01-01

    箱形梁桥式起重机是起重机械的一种类型,广泛应用于各厂矿企业。其主要承载结构箱形梁的重量占整机重量的比重最大,为提高整机性能,降低能耗,在对整机受力分析基础上,建立了优化模型,并应用其进行了具体优化设计。%The welded box girder of overhead traveling crane is one kind of cranes used in general plants.The welded box girder is the major loaded part and its weight takes the major part of the machine’s total weight.In order to improve the capacity of the cranes, a kind of optimization model based on the analyzing of loading condition and a optimization design according to it is done.

  15. Linear structural stress analysis of a hull girder penetration and a short longitudinal bulkhead using finite element modeling.

    OpenAIRE

    Baumann, Gregg W.

    1997-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution unlimited. The objective of this study is to investigate structural shadow zones encountered in shipbuilding design using the I-DEAS (Integrated Design Engineering Analysis Software) software. The term 'shadow zone' refers to areas of low stress concentrations that are caused by lines of stress bending around structural discontinuities. Two ship design situations frequently encountered that result in shadow zones are hull girder penetrations and sh...

  16. Near-fault directivity pulse-like ground motion effect on high-speed railway bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈令坤; 张楠; 蒋丽忠; 曾志平; 陈格威; 国巍

    2014-01-01

    The vehicle-track-bridge (VTB) element was used to investigate how a high-speed railway bridge reacted when it was subjected to near-fault directivity pulse-like ground motions. Based on the PEER NAG Strong Ground Motion Database, the spatial analysis model of a vehicle-bridge system was developed, the VTB element was derived to simulate the interaction of train and bridge, and the elasto-plastic seismic responses of the bridge were calculated. The calculation results show that girder and pier top displacement, and bending moment of the pier base increase subjected to near-fault directivity pulse-like ground motion compared to far-field earthquakes, and the greater deformation responses in near-fault shaking are associated with fewer reversed cycles of loading. The hysteretic characteristics of the pier subjected to a near-fault directivity pulse-like earthquake should be explicitly expressed as the bending moment-rotation relationship of the pier base, which is characterized by the centrally strengthened hysteretic cycles at some point of the loading time-history curve. The results show that there is an amplification of the vertical deflection in the girder’s mid-span owing to the high vertical ground motion. In light of these findings, the effect of the vertical ground motion should be used to adjust the unconservative amplification constant 2/3 of the vertical-to-horizontal peak ground motion ratio in the seismic design of bridge.

  17. The Classroom Animal: Box Turtles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, David C.

    1986-01-01

    Provides basic information on the anatomy, physiology, behaviors, and distribution patterns of the box turtle. Offers suggestions for the turtle's care and maintenance in a classroom environment. (ML)

  18. 对连续梁桥减隔震支座抗震性能的比较分析%Seismic Isolation Bearing On the Comparative Analysis of the Seismic Performance for Continuous Beam Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史康; 全健; 王福敏; 耿波

    2014-01-01

    以厦漳跨海大桥北汊南引桥为依托,采用有限元非线性时程分析方法,比较分析了铅芯橡胶支座和盆式橡胶支座对高烈度地区大跨径连续箱梁桥的抗震影响。研究结果表明:铅芯橡胶支座增加了结构在地震作用下的振动周期和主梁梁端位移,减小了固定墩的受力。相比盆式橡胶支座,铅芯橡胶支座可以使主梁梁端位移增加20%~200%,固定墩内力减小36%~80%。说明铅芯橡胶支座能够通过增加主梁位移达到减小桥墩受力的效果,隔震效果明显。该研究成果可为同类型桥梁的抗震设计提供参考。%Based on north south approach spans of Xiamen -zhangzhou cross-sea bridge by using the finite element nonlinear a-nalysis method, the seismic impact is compared between lead -rubber bearing and pot rubber bearing on the long span box girder bridges in high-intensity areas .The results show that the lead -rubber bearing can increase the vibration period and displacement of main beam in earthquake , reduce the force of fixed piers .Compared with pot rubber bearing , adopting lead-rubber bearing can in-crease the end displacement of main grider by 20%to 200%, meanwhile decrease internal force for fixed piers by 36%to 80%.The isolation effect is obvious that lead -rubber bearings can reduce the pier force by increasing the displacement of main beam .The re-search results provide a reference for the same type of bridge seismic design .

  19. Experimental study on wind-rain-induced and vortex-induced vibration in bridge deck sections of long-span bridges%大跨度桥梁主梁风雨致涡激振动试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛大波; 张明晶; 王亮; 欧进萍; 李惠

    2011-01-01

    针对风雨联合作用下的大跨桥梁风雨致涡激振动问题,以某一分离式双箱主梁桥梁及其闭口主梁型式桥梁为研究对象,通过在大气边界层风洞中搭建风雨联合作用试验系统,完成风雨联合作用下大跨桥梁节段模型涡激振动试验. 试验结果显示:不同雨强下,开口节段模型涡激振动的起振风速及锁定风速基本一致,但最大振动幅值有一定差别.不同雨强下,闭口节段模型随机振动的振动时程有一定差别,且随着风速增大,振动幅值增大.开口节段模型风雨联合作用下的位移幅值大于单一风作用下的位移幅值,最大增量可达1/4.得出结论:降雨增大了桥梁主梁涡激振动幅值;闭口节段模型相对开口节段模型在抵抗涡激振动方面性能更优良.%The vortex-induced vibration test in bridge deck sections of long-span bridges was carried out by considering vortex-induced vibration characteristics under the simultaneous actions of wind and rain, taking a separated twin-box girder bridge and its closed form as research objects. A system of simultaneous actions of wind and rain built in an atmospheric boundary layer wind tunnel was also utilized. Experimental results display that the wind speed at the start of oscillation and the wind speed of the lock-in region for the slotted section model show no difference in various rainfall intensities, but the maximal amplitudes of vortex-excited resonance display some differences. The time histories of stochastic vibration for the closed section model have some differences in various rainfall intensities, and the amplitude of vibration increases with rising wind speed. The displacement amplitude under the simultaneous actions of wind and rain is larger than the displacement amplitude under a single wind load; the highest increment reaches one quarter. Experimental results also show that the amplitude of vortex-induced vibration in bridge deck sections is increased by

  20. ACSYS in a box

    CERN Document Server

    Briegel, C; Hendricks, B; King, C; Lackey, S; Neswold, R; Nicklaus, D; Patrick, J; Petrov, A; Rechenmacher, R; Schumann, C; Smedinghoff, J

    2012-01-01

    The Accelerator Control System at Fermilab has evolved to enable this relatively large control system to be encapsulated into a "box" such as a laptop. The goal was to provide a platform isolated from the "online" control system. This platform can be used internally for making major upgrades and modifications without impacting operations. It also provides a standalone environment for research and development including a turnkey control system for collaborators. Over time, the code base running on Scientific Linux has enabled all the salient features of the Fermilab's control system to be captured in an off-the-shelf laptop. The anticipated additional benefits of packaging the system include improved maintenance, reliability, documentation, and future enhancements.

  1. Glove-box filters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Description is given of a device for simply and rapidly assembling and dissassembling the filters used inside sealed enclosures, such as glove-boxes and shielded cells equipped with nippers or manipulators, said filters being of the type comprising a cylindrical casing containing a filtering member, the upper portion of said casing being open so as to allow the gases to be cleaned to flow in, whereas the casing bottom is centrally provided with a hole extended outwardly by a threaded collar on which is screwed a connecting-sleeve to be fixed to the mouth of a gas outlet pipe. To a yoke transverse bar is welded a pin which can be likened to a bent spring-blade, one arm of which welded to said transverse bar, is rectilinear whereas its other arm is provided with a boss cooperating with a cavity made in a protrusion of said pipe, right under the mouth thereof

  2. Polymers in Curved Boxes

    CERN Document Server

    Yaman, K; Solis, F J; Witten, T A

    1996-01-01

    We apply results derived in other contexts for the spectrum of the Laplace operator in curved geometries to the study of an ideal polymer chain confined to a spherical annulus in arbitrary space dimension D and conclude that the free energy compared to its value for an uncurved box of the same thickness and volume, is lower when $D < 3$, stays the same when $D = 3$, and is higher when lowers the effective bending elasticity of the walls, and might induce spontaneous symmetry breaking, i.e. bending. (Actually, the above mentioned results show that {\\em {any}} shell in $D = 3$ induces this effect, except for a spherical shell). We compute the contribution of this effect to the bending rigidities in the Helfrich free energy expression.

  3. New bridge circuit-type detector to measure precise resistance change of strain gauge at low temperature and magnetic field

    OpenAIRE

    Ohashi, Masashi; Kishii, Nobuya; Tateno, Shota

    2016-01-01

    We report a new highly accurate and versatile bridge-circuit-type detector that has a simple structure and demonstrates a low degree of error for measurements of thermal expansion and magnetostriction by the strain gauge method. As an example, a commercial physical property measurement system (PPMS) is combined with a compact bridge-circuit box. Thermal expansion and magnetostriction are calculated from the resistance of the bridge and bridge voltage, measured by the operation of a standard P...

  4. Aerodynamic interaction between road deck and rail deck of separate-type highway-railway bridges and its effect on train running performance%分离式公铁双层桥面相互气动干扰及对列车走行性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永乐; 姜孝伟; 苏洋; 李龙安; 廖海黎

    2016-01-01

    There exists aerodynamic interaction between road deck and rail deck of highway-railway bridges under cross wind.In order to investigate the effect of different height intervals between two decks on train running performance, a separate-type highway-railway concrete box girder bridge was taken as an engineering example.The numerical simulation with CFD and the coupled vibration analysis of a wind-vehicle-bridge system were performed to determine train aerodynamic characteristics and to obtain its dynamic response.The results showed that the height interval between two decks has a major influence on train aerodynamic characteristics and its dynamic response;reducing the height interval leads to increase in the train lift coefficient and its vertical acceleration,and the wheel load reduction ratio increases as well;the effect of height intervals between two decks should receive more attention when selecting the optimal height interval in the design of highway-railway bridges.%横向风作用下公铁两用双层桥的上、下桥面间存在相互的气动干扰,为研究公铁两用组合桥间隔高度对列车走行性的影响,针对某分离式公铁两用混凝土箱梁桥,采用计算流体动力学(CFD)数值模拟和风-车-桥耦合振动研究的方法,分析了上、下桥面间隔高度对列车气动特性和车辆动力响应的影响。分析结果表明,公铁两用组合桥间隔高度对列车的气动特性和动力响应影响显著,间隔高度减小,列车升力系数和竖向加速度显著增大,轮重减载率也随之增大。公铁两用组合桥的设计应考虑间隔高度对列车的影响,以选择合理的间隔高度。

  5. 粘钢加固损伤混凝土箱型桥墩的抗震性能Ⅰ:双向拟静力试验%Anti-seismic properties of damaged concrete bridge piers with hollow box-section strengthened with adhering steel plates Ⅰ:bi-directional quasi-static test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗周红; 邓江东; 黎雅乐; 刘爱荣

    2013-01-01

    11 scaled models of reinforced concrete bridge piers with hollow box-section were de-signed and fabricated in the lab.Bi-directional quasi-static tests for these scaled pier models strength-ened with adhering steel plates were carried out.Several seismic performance indicators, such as load-displacement hysteretic and skeleton curves, ductility, degradation of rigidity, and energy dissi-pation were investigated.The experimental results show that all the strengthened piers present typical flexural failure modes, and plastic hinge appears in the superior margin of steel plates in stead of in the bottom for piers without strengthening.The improvement of anti-seismic properties exhibits that it was an effective method to change the plastic hinge position by adhering steel plates.The load ca-pacity and the lateral rigid along the strong axis direction are greater, while the energy dissipation a-long the weak axis direction is stronger.The hysteretic curves of the weak axis exhibit notable pinch effects.The initial damage only has small effect on the degradation of rigidity and energy dissipation of the strengthening piers.Meanwhile, the changes of axial compression ratio and slenderness ratio have a great impact on the seismic performance.With the increase of the axial compression ratio, the carrying capacity, the ductility performance and energy dissipation of models increase, but the ulti-mate displacement decreases.With the decrease of the slenderness ratio, the carrying capacity of piers strengthened with adhering steel plates increases;however the ultimate deformation capacity de-creases, while the degradation of rigidity becomes more serious.%设计制作了11个钢筋混凝土箱型截面桥墩缩尺模型,对其进行了粘钢加固后的双向拟静力试验,分析了加固桥墩的荷载位移滞回曲线、骨架曲线、延性能力、刚度退化和耗能能力等。结果表明,加固墩柱均发生以弯曲破坏为主的延性破坏,破坏塑性

  6. The Black Box QGP

    CERN Document Server

    Tawfik, A

    2006-01-01

    According to the extensive ab initio calculations of lattice QCD, the much large energy density available in the heavy-ion collisions at SPS and now at RHIC should be enough to create the quark-gluon plasma (QGP); a new state of matter in form plasma of free quarks and gluons. The new matter discovered at RHIC is a ''nearly perfect'' fluid rather than a plasma. The shear viscosity is too small. We should then ask about the theoretical and phenomenological consequences and why we simply assumed that the deconfined hadronic matter should be an ideal gas. Finally, I will address five questions; about the properties of the new phases at high temperatures and the orders of phase transitions. Before we clarify such questions, the QGP will remain a kind of black box. One sends a signal via new experiments or simulations and gets another one out if it. Then one try to explain what is going on. I will show that some promising ideas already have been suggested long time ago, but it seems that community didn't care. Is ...

  7. Black Box QGP

    CERN Document Server

    Tawfik, A

    2006-01-01

    According to extensive ab initio calculations of lattice QCD, the very large energy density available in heavy-ion collisions at SPS and now at RHIC must be sufficient to generate quark-gluon plasma (QGP), a new state of matter in the form of plasma of free quarks and gluons. The new state of matter discovered at RHIC seems to be perfect fluid rather than free plasma. Its shear viscosity is assumed to be almost zero. In this work, I first considered the theoretical and phenomenological consequences of this discovery and finally asked questions about the nature of phase transition and properties of matter. It is important to answer these questions, otherwise QGP will remain a kind of black box; one sends a signal via new experiments or simulations or models and gets another one from it. I will show that some promising ideas have already been suggested a long time ago. I will also suggest a new phase diagram with separated deconfinement and freeze-out boundaries and a mixed state of thermal quark matter and bub...

  8. 考虑桩-土相互作用的多年冻土区多跨简支梁桥地震响应分析%SEISMIC RESPONSE ANALYSIS OF MSSS BRIDGE IN PERMAFROST INCLUDING PILE-SOIL INTERACTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永波; 张鸿儒; 郜新军

    2012-01-01

    To investigate the seismic response of MSSS (multi-span simply supported) bridge of Qinghai-Tibet Railway in a permafrost zone, Proper 3D analytical models of a 10x32m box girder MSSS Bridge are presented. The group pile-soil interaction is represented by equivalent foundation springs while the pounding effect of adjacent vibration units at the expansion joints is simulated by spring-damper elements. This paper studies the effects of thawed soil thickness, wave passage and pounding on seismic behaviours of the MSSS Bridge. it found that the stiffness of equivalent springs decreases with thawed soil thickness increase, seismic damages such as unseating failure and pier overturning more easily occur under a strong seismic action. The pounding occurs when the relative distance exceeds the gap distance between adjacent vibration units, which depends on the velocity of seismic wave and travel distance. When the velocity is low, the pounding effect is obvious and influences the seismic response of a bridge significantly, which can induce unseating failure very easily. Moreover, a bridge abutment also plays an important role in seismic response of a bridge system. Therefore, damages which may occur in summer under low wave velocity should be emphasized in the seismic assessment for MSSS bridges in a permafrost zone.%为分析青藏铁路多年冻土区多跨简支梁桥地震响应情况,建立了一座10x32m箱形多跨简支梁桥三维全桥模型,以等效基础弹簧考虑桩.土相互作用;以具有初始间隙的并联弹簧.阻尼单元模拟伸缩缝两端结构的碰撞,研究了冻土融化深度、行波效应及碰撞效应对多跨简支桥梁结构地震响应的影响。结果表明:随着融土下限加深,等效基础弹簧刚度明显减小,在强地震动作用下,桥梁结构易发生落梁、桥墩倾覆等震害;当相邻碰撞体的相向位移超过伸缩缝宽度时两者发生碰撞,碰撞次数及碰撞力随地震动

  9. Two-dimensional box plot

    OpenAIRE

    Phattrawan Tongkumchum

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we propose a two-dimensional box plot, a simple bivariate extension of the box plot and the scatter plot. This plot comprises a pair of trapeziums oriented in the direction of a fitted straight line, with symbols denoting extreme values. The choice for the fitted straight resistant line showing the relationship between the two variables is Tukey’s resistance line. The main components of the plot are an inner box containing 50% of the projection points of the observations on the ...

  10. Computing out of the Box

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Baidu unveils "box computing/’ which it hopes will lead to a number of innovations on the InternetBaidu, China’s most popular search engine, held its Technology Innovation Conference 2009 at the China World

  11. Puentes extradosados: evolución y tendencias actuales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Miguel Benjumea Royero

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Since their appearance in 1994, extradosed bridges have played an important role in road and railway projects, competing (in medium span lengths with cables-stayed and prestressed box girder bridges. At a regional level, extradosed bridges have been implemented more frequently in Asia, but recent projects developed in Europe and America show a growing interest in this typology. Consequently, this paper is aimed at offering a survey viewpoint on the evolution of extradosed bridges, from their origin to their current applications. This paper is also intended to show the adopted structural trends by presenting existing extradosed bridges, bridges under construction, and newly designed bridges. Finally, the main advantages and disadvantages of this type of bridges are analyzed and compared to cable-stayed and prestressed box girder bridges.

  12. Identifying competencies of boxing coaches

    OpenAIRE

    Ioannis Tasiopoulos; Alexandra Tripolitsiot; Apostolos Stergioula

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to find out the management skills required by boxing coaches to administrate their clubs. For the purposes of this study a scale was constructed which was answered by 98 boxing coaches. Explanatory factor analysis revealed seven factors: Communication-public relations (5 items), event management (4 items), management techniques (4 items), new technologies (4 items), prevention-safety (2 items), sport (5 items) and sports facilities (2 items). The Cronbach of the ...

  13. Static and fatigue investigation of second generation steel free bridge decks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper outlines the static and fatigue behavior of two different cast-in-place second generation steel-free bridge decks, which are: hybrid carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP); and glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) and steel strap design. Although cast monolithically, the first deck slab was divided into three segments with different reinforcement configurations. All three segments were tested under a 222kN cyclic loading to investigate fatigue behavior. The second bridge deck comprised an internal panel and two cantilevers and was equipped with a civionics system. The internal panel static test that this paper deals with is useful in the development of fatigue theory derived from fatigue testing of the first bridge deck. Test results form the cyclic loading of the first bridge deck indicated that the cross-sectional area of the reinforcement used in the test bridge deck can be reduced by 40% based on the reinforcement provided in the deck under service loads. The hybrid system also reduced the development of longitudinal crack widths to approximately 0.4 mm under service conditions, compared to the cracks that occurred approximately halfway between adjacent bridge girders that were determined to be roughly 1 mm in several first generation steel-free bridge decks constructed in Canada. Civionics, also discussed in the paper, is a new term coined from Civil-Electronics, which is the application of electronics to civil structures. The Civionics Specifications (2004) developed by ISIS Canada researchers are a helpful design tool for engineers and contractors to develop civionics and structural health monitoring systems for civil infrastructure that will last the lifetime of a structure. The use of civionics for the second test bridge deck ensured the survival of 100% of the 63 internal sensors throughout the rigors of the construction and casting of the deck. (author)

  14. Plate forming and break down pizza box

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pantisano, Frank; Devine, Scott M.

    1992-01-01

    A standard corrugated paper pizza box is provided with slit cuts cut through the top panel of the pizza box in a shape to form four circular serving plates with a beveled raised edge and cross slit cuts through the bottom panel of the pizza box separating the box into four essentially equal portions for easy disposal.

  15. Simplified Analytical Method for Optimized Initial Shape Analysis of Self-Anchored Suspension Bridges and Its Verification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myung-Rag Jung

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A simplified analytical method providing accurate unstrained lengths of all structural elements is proposed to find the optimized initial state of self-anchored suspension bridges under dead loads. For this, equilibrium equations of the main girder and the main cable system are derived and solved by evaluating the self-weights of cable members using unstrained cable lengths and iteratively updating both the horizontal tension component and the vertical profile of the main cable. Furthermore, to demonstrate the validity of the simplified analytical method, the unstrained element length method (ULM is applied to suspension bridge models based on the unstressed lengths of both cable and frame members calculated from the analytical method. Through numerical examples, it is demonstrated that the proposed analytical method can indeed provide an optimized initial solution by showing that both the simplified method and the nonlinear FE procedure lead to practically identical initial configurations with only localized small bending moment distributions.

  16. Cable Supported Bridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimsing, Niels Jørgen

    Cable supported bridges in the form of suspension bridges and cable-stayed bridges are distinguished by their ability to overcome large spans.The book concentrates on the synthesis of cable supported bridges, covering both design and construction aspects. The analytical part covers simple methods...... to quantify the different structural configurations and allows a preliminary optimization of the main structure.Included are the most recent advances in structural design, corrosion protection of cables, aerodynamic safety, and erection procedures....

  17. 汶川地震桥梁震害经验及抗震研究若干新进展%Lessons Learned from Wenchuan Seismic Damages and Recent Research on Seismic Design of Highway Bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东升; 孙治国; 郭迅; 李晓莉; 霍燚

    2011-01-01

    The great Wenchuan earthquake, which measured as 8. 0 Ms and occurred on May 12, 2008 in Sichuan province of China, has caused severe damage to many highway bridges and also left us with valuable information that can be analyzed to reduce potential losses associated with future earthquakes. The Lessons learned from Wenchuan seismic damages of highway bridges were summarized. It is believed that special attention should be paid to (1) bridge seismic response and unseating damages subjected to near-fault ground motions; ( 2 ) preventive design of collapse damage of curved girder bridges with small radius; ( 3 ) ductility and seismic design, detailed reinforcement of bridges and seismic damage control of high-rise piers under deep water. The recent research progress of our research team on seismic performance of highway bridges was summarized. It includes design idea and method of unseating protection of highway bridges, deformation capacity and shear strength of PC bridge piers, numerical simulation of seismic damage mechanism of curved girder bridges, and countermeasures to prevent collapse of curved girder bridges with small radius.%2008年5月12日我国四川省汶川县发生8.0级大地震,造成大量公路桥梁破坏,并为桥梁抗震研究留下了众多资料.总结了汶川地震桥梁震害经验,认为宜重视桥梁近断层地震动响应及防落梁措施、小半径曲线梁桥地震防倒塌设计、桥梁延性抗震设计及细部配筋和深水高桥墩地震损伤及控制等抗震问题.综述了课题组近些年对桥梁抗震研究的若干新进展,包括梁式桥防落梁抗震设计理念及方法、钢筋混凝土桥墩地震抗剪强度及变形能力研究、曲线梁桥地震破坏机理数值分析与小半径曲线梁桥地震防倒塌设计对策等.

  18. 箱梁极限承载力破坏仿真分析%Simulation Analysis of Failure of Box Girder Under Ultimate Bearing Capacity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹冠生; 刘晓伟; 张小慧

    2013-01-01

    以J-H-C作为混凝土材料模型,以PLASTIC-KINEMATIC作为钢筋材料模型,用数值模拟箱梁在极限承载力下的破坏.实践证明,这两种材料模型能够较好地模拟箱梁在极限承载力下的破坏.

  19. Longitudinal force in continuously welded rail on long-span tied arch continuous bridge carrying multiple tracks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Bin; DAI Gong-lian; GUO Wen-hua; XU Qing-yuan

    2015-01-01

    Considering arch rib, lateral brace, suspender, girder, pier and track position, the model for the interaction between long-span tied arch continuous bridge and multiple tracks was established by using steel-concrete composite section beam element to simulate concrete-filled steel tube (CFST) arch rib, using the beam element with rigid arm to simulate the prestressed concrete girder and using nonlinear bar element to simulate longitudinal constraint between track and bridge. Taking a (77+3×156.8+77) m tied arch continuous bridge with four tracks on the Harbin-Qiqihar Passenger Dedicated Line as an example, the arrangement of continuously welded rail (CWR) was explored. The longitudinal force in CWR on the tied arch continuous bridge, the pier top horizontal force and torque due to the unbalance load case, were analyzed under the action of temperature, vertical live load, train braking and wind load. Studies show that, it can significantly reduce track displacement to set the track expansion devices at main span arch springing on both sides; the track stress due to arch temperature variation can reach 40.8 MPa; the track stress, pier top horizontal force and torque are related to the number of loaded tracks and train running direction, and the bending force applied to unloaded track is close to the loaded track, while the braking force applied to unloaded track is 1/4 to 1/2 of the loaded track; the longitudinal force of track due to the wind load is up to 12.4 MPa, which should be considered.

  20. First-aid boxes - Reminder

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2010-01-01

    With a view to ensuring optimum use of the first-aid boxes on the CERN site, we should like to remind you of various changes introduced in March 2009: The TSO of the buildings concerned is responsible for the first-aid boxes, including checking their contents.   First-aid boxes may be restocked ONLY at the CERN stores (SCEM No. 54.99.80). This is no longer possible at the Infirmary. The associated cost is charged to the Departments.   First-aid boxes should be used only for mild injuries. All other cases should be referred to the Medical Service Infirmary (Bldg. 57 – ground-floor, tel. 73802) between 8.00 a.m. and 5.30 p.m. or to the Fire and Rescue Service (tel. 74444). N.B.: This information does not apply to the red emergency first-aid boxes in the underground areas or to the emergency kits for use in the event of being splashed with hydrofluoric acid.

  1. Box graphs and resolutions I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas P. Braun

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Box graphs succinctly and comprehensively characterize singular fibers of elliptic fibrations in codimension two and three, as well as flop transitions connecting these, in terms of representation theoretic data. We develop a framework that provides a systematic map between a box graph and a crepant algebraic resolution of the singular elliptic fibration, thus allowing an explicit construction of the fibers from a singular Weierstrass or Tate model. The key tool is what we call a fiber face diagram, which shows the relevant information of a (partial toric triangulation and allows the inclusion of more general algebraic blowups. We shown that each such diagram defines a sequence of weighted algebraic blowups, thus providing a realization of the fiber defined by the box graph in terms of an explicit resolution. We show this correspondence explicitly for the case of SU(5 by providing a map between box graphs and fiber faces, and thereby a sequence of algebraic resolutions of the Tate model, which realizes each of the box graphs.

  2. Box graphs and resolutions I

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Andreas P.; Schäfer-Nameki, Sakura

    2016-04-01

    Box graphs succinctly and comprehensively characterize singular fibers of elliptic fibrations in codimension two and three, as well as flop transitions connecting these, in terms of representation theoretic data. We develop a framework that provides a systematic map between a box graph and a crepant algebraic resolution of the singular elliptic fibration, thus allowing an explicit construction of the fibers from a singular Weierstrass or Tate model. The key tool is what we call a fiber face diagram, which shows the relevant information of a (partial) toric triangulation and allows the inclusion of more general algebraic blowups. We shown that each such diagram defines a sequence of weighted algebraic blowups, thus providing a realization of the fiber defined by the box graph in terms of an explicit resolution. We show this correspondence explicitly for the case of SU (5) by providing a map between box graphs and fiber faces, and thereby a sequence of algebraic resolutions of the Tate model, which realizes each of the box graphs.

  3. The influence of rainfall on the static characteristics of bridge deck sections%降雨对桥梁主梁静力特性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛大波; 王亮; 李惠; 欧进萍

    2012-01-01

    The three influencing factors of wind-rain-induced static forces were analyzed aiming at the phenomenon of simultaneous actions of wind and rain for long-span bridge decks, based on the analysis of static load on the bridge deck section. The test method of the increment of wind-rain-induced static forces in joint wind and rain comparing to wind-induced static forces in single wind is given. The wind-rain-induced static characteristics test was carried out in the surroundings of simultaneous actions of wind and rain built in the atmospheric boundary layer wind tunnel, taking a twin-separated box girder as research object. The influencing rule of rainfall on the wind-induced static forces of bridge deck sections was obtained. Experimental results display the effect of impact force of rain on the wind-induced drag force of bridge deck sections is dominant in the large negative angle of attack of circumstances. The effect of change of flow field and water film on the surface of bridges on the wind-induced drag force of bridge deck sections is dominant in the small negative and positive angle of attack of circumstances. The gravity of raindrops, impact force of rain, change of flow field and water film on the surface of bridges all have certain contribution on the wind-induced lift force of bridge deck sections. The change of flow field and water film on the surface of bridges play the most important role on the wind-induced pitching moment of bridge deck sections, followed by the gravity of raindrops, finally is the impact force of rain. The result shows that the effect of rainfall on the wind-induced static forces of bridge deck sections is mainly depended on the change of flow field and water film on the surface of bridges.%针对大跨桥梁主梁风雨联合作用现象,从静力学角度出发,分析风雨联合作用下桥梁主梁荷载的三个组成成分——风雨致静力三组分,以及桥梁主梁风雨致静力相对于纯

  4. Effects of Live Load on Seismic Response of Bridges: A Preliminary Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanders D.H.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Although live load is well known to have a dynamic effect on bridge response in addition to its self-weight, the significance of these effects on seismic response is unclear. In addition, most bridge design specifications have few requirements concerning the inclusion of live load in their seismic design provisions. The main objective of this study is therefore to investigate and obtain insight into the effect of vehicle-bridge interaction during earthquake shaking. The study consists of both experimental and analytical investigations. This paper focuses on the experimental work, which includes shake table testing of a 2/5-scale model of a horizontally curved steel girder bridge loaded with a series of representative vehicles. Preliminary experimental results show that the presence of the live load had a clear beneficial effect on performance for small amplitude motions, but that this improvement diminished with increasing amplitude of shaking. Parameters used to measure performance include column displacements, abutment shear forces, abutment uplift, and concrete spalling.

  5. Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Taizhou Bridge lies between Taizhou, Zhenjiang and Changzhou City in Jiangsu Province. The total length of Taizhou Bridge is 62.088 kin. The whole line is designed by freeway codes with six lanes in two directions. The wholeinvestment is 9.37 billion RMB and the planned construction duration is 5.5 years. The main bridge crossing the Yangtze River is a continuous three-pylon two-span suspension bridge with the main span of 1 080 m. The bridge system is realized for the first time and ranks first in the world until now.

  6. 平大桥钢—混凝土结合段模型试验%Model Test of Steel and Concrete Joint Section of Dongping Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    占玉林; 赵人达; 毛学明; 董碧霞

    2011-01-01

    To study the whole process mechanical behavior of steel and concrete joint sections, in accordance with the actual Dongping Bridge and on the principle of equivalence, the model test of a steel and concrete joint section was designed and carried out. The scale of the model is 1:2. 5. The part of the concrete girder rib is the T-shape section and the transition at the joint section is the concrete-filled steel box cross beam. At the connection interface of the steel and concrete, the PBL shear connectors were used and the longitudinal prestressing tendons were arranged as well to join in the action of the shear connectors. In the model test, three stages of the static load, fatigue load and failure load were applied. The results of the test indicate that under the designed load, the joint section has good strength and rigidity and the stress levels are low. Under the fatigue load, microcracks appear in the surface of the concrete of the joint section, however, the global rigidity of the structure is still all right and relatively to the designed load, the failure load has rather high safety margin.%为研究钢-混凝土结合段全过程受力性能,结合东平大桥实桥,根据等效原则设计并完成了一榀钢-混凝土结合段模型试验.模型比例采用1∶2.5,混凝土梁肋部分为T形截面,结合段采用钢箱混凝土横梁过渡.钢与混凝土粘结界面采用PBL剪力连接件构造,并辅以纵向预应力筋共同作用.试验过程进行了静力、疲劳和破坏3个阶段的加载.试验结果表明:设计荷载作用下,结合段具有良好的强度和刚度,应力水平较低;疲劳荷载作用下,结合段的混凝土表层会有微小裂纹出现,但结构整体刚度依然良好;破坏荷载相对于设计荷载具有较高的安全储备.

  7. Identifying competencies of boxing coaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioannis Tasiopoulos

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to find out the management skills required by boxing coaches to administrate their clubs. For the purposes of this study a scale was constructed which was answered by 98 boxing coaches. Explanatory factor analysis revealed seven factors: Communication-public relations (5 items, event management (4 items, management techniques (4 items, new technologies (4 items, prevention-safety (2 items, sport (5 items and sports facilities (2 items. The Cronbach of the scale was 0.85. The five competencies that rated by the coaches were: Supervisors of the area of training, maintaining excellent communication with athletes, using new technologies (e-mail, internet, handling disciplinary matters, accidents, complaints and reports on some sporting games and promoted harmony among athletes. We concluded that boxing coaches understand that the competencies required for meeting their obligations, were related to sports, prevention, safety and communications-public relations.

  8. Structural Aspects of Railway Truss Bridges Affecting Transverse Shear Forces in Steel-Concrete Composite Decks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siekierski, Wojciech

    2015-03-01

    At the steel-concrete interface, the horizontal shear forces that are transverse to cross beams occur due to joint action of the steel-concrete composite deck and the truss girders. Numerical analysis showed that values of the forces are big in comparison to the longitudinal shear forces. In both cases extreme force values occur near side edges of a slab. The paper studies possibilities of reduction of these shear forces by structural alterations of the following: rigidity of a concrete slab, arrangement of a wind bracing, arrangement of concrete slab expansion joints. An existing railway truss bridge span has been analysed. Numerical analysis shows that it is possible to reduce the values of shear forces transverse to cross beams. It may reach 20% near the side edges of slabs and 23% in the centre of slab width.

  9. Puentes extradosados: evolución y tendencias actuales

    OpenAIRE

    José Miguel Benjumea Royero; Gustavo Chio Cho; Esperanza Maldonado Rondón

    2012-01-01

    Since their appearance in 1994, extradosed bridges have played an important role in road and railway projects, competing (in medium span lengths) with cables-stayed and prestressed box girder bridges. At a regional level, extradosed bridges have been implemented more frequently in Asia, but recent projects developed in Europe and America show a growing interest in this typology. Consequently, this paper is aimed at offering a survey viewpoint on the evolution of extradosed bridges, from their...

  10. Study on ultimate bearing capacity of hybrid girder%多钢种混用工字钢梁抗弯极限承载力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鹏飞; 杨晓明; 李海峰

    2012-01-01

    According to the theory of flexural-torsional buckling,25 monosymmetrical I-shaped hybrid girders with 25 top flange strengthened and ordinary girders were modeled by the finite element method.Moreover,the differences between hybrid girders and ordinary girders were critically analysed from the aspects of the ultimate bearing capacity and failure modes.The formula of critical moment was summarised by the regression analysis.The results of this research indicated that the collocation of steel would be significantly optimized and the project cost would be dramatically reduced by rationally applying hybrid girders.%以受弯构件弯扭屈曲理论作为理论基础,对25根上翼缘加强型单轴对称混用工字钢梁及相同跨径与截面尺寸的匀质钢梁进行极限承载力有限元计算,研究多钢种混用钢梁同匀质钢梁在破坏模式、极限承载力等方面的差异性.对有限元计算结果进行回归分析,得出了可用于设计的临界弯矩计算公式.研究结果表明,合理采用混用钢梁的构造理念,可以在满足承载力要求的同时优化钢材搭配,降低工程造价,做到物尽其用.

  11. The Type and Construction Development of Modern Bridge Construction%现代桥梁建筑的类型及建设发展展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔超

    2015-01-01

    Bridge construction is important to economic development,people's life and national defense.The main types of modern bridge are slab bridge,girder bridge and cable stayed bridge.The design and construction ability of bridge in our country rank high all over the world,bridge construction in our country has achieved great accomplishment.%桥梁建筑对于国民经济发展、人民生产生活及巩固国防等都具有非常重要的作用.现代桥梁的主要类型有板式桥、梁式桥及斜拉桥等.我国桥梁设计、施工水平和能力已跃入世界先进行列,桥梁建设已取得巨大成就.但我国幅员辽阔,桥梁建设发展的任务还艰巨.

  12. RESEARCH ON KEY TECHNOLOGY IN CONSTRUCTING FRP-STEEL COMPOSITE BRIDGE%FRP-钢组合结构桥梁建造关键技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱坤宁; 万水

    2011-01-01

    对FRP-钢组合结构公路桥研制过程中的关键技术进行了研究,通过GFRP桥面板的设计与加工、有限元分析和试验研究,研制出适用于我国公路桥梁用的重型FRP桥面板.将GFRP桥面板与波形腹板H型钢梁组合起来,建成我国第一座FRP-钢组合结构公路桥.对GFRP-钢组合结构公路桥梁结构进行成桥荷载试验.试验结果表明,FRP-钢组合结构桥梁处于安全受力状态,满足设计荷载下的使用要求.%The construction technology of FRP-steel composite bridge is researched through the development process. The FRP bridge deck that used in bridge structure is developed through the design and fabricate, as well as the finite element analysis and experimental research of GFRP bridge deck. And the first FRP-steel composite bridge in China is built with GFRP bridge deck and steel H girder with corrugated web. Load test of the composite bridge is made, and the result shows that the structure is in a safe state and meets the requirements under the design load.

  13. RESEARCH ON KEY TECHNOLOGY IN CONSTRUCTING FRP-STEEL COMPOSITE BRIDGE%FRP-钢组合结构桥梁建造关键技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱坤宁; 万水

    2011-01-01

    The construction technology of FRP-steel composite bridge is researched through the development process. The FRP bridge deck that used in bridge structure is developed through the design and fabricate, as well as the finite element analysis and experimental research of GFRP bridge deck. And the first FRP-steel composite bridge in China is built with GFRP bridge deck and steel H girder with corrugated web. Load test of the composite bridge is made, and the result shows that the structure is in a safe state and meets the requirements under the design load.%对FRP-钢组合结构公路桥研制过程中的关键技术进行了研究,通过GFRP桥面板的设计与加工、有限元分析和试验研究,研制出适用于我国公路桥梁用的重型FRP桥面板.将GFRP桥面板与波形腹板H型钢梁组合起来,建成我国第一座FRP-钢组合结构公路桥.对GFRP-钢组合结构公路桥梁结构进行成桥荷载试验.试验结果表明,FRP-钢组合结构桥梁处于安全受力状态,满足设计荷载下的使用要求.

  14. A Box Full of Kisses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔增印

    2008-01-01

    The story goes that some time ago,a man pun- ished his 3-year-old daughter for wasting a roll of gold wrapping paper.Money was tight and he became infuriated when the child tried to decorate a box to put under the Christmas tree.Nevertheless,the little girl brought the gift to

  15. Reference: AT1BOX [PLACE

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AT1BOX Ueda T, Pichersky E, Malik VS, Cashmore AR The level of expression of the to...mato rbcs-3A gene is modulated by a far-upstream promoter element in a developmentary regulated manner. Plant Cell 1:217-227 (1989) PubMed: 2535544; GenBank: S44160; ...

  16. Back office to box office

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haigh, Matthew

    sees a mounting unsecured debt where its members see practical value. Between the two, a steward who may not profit from its office delegates it to back-office agents whose fiduciary management is engendered by box office-sized bonuses. Standard theorisation has foundered. The architecture...

  17. On the Dirichlet's Box Principle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poon, Kin-Keung; Shiu, Wai-Chee

    2008-01-01

    In this note, we will focus on several applications on the Dirichlet's box principle in Discrete Mathematics lesson and number theory lesson. In addition, the main result is an innovative game on a triangular board developed by the authors. The game has been used in teaching and learning mathematics in Discrete Mathematics and some high schools in…

  18. Thermal Bridges in Building Construction - Measurements and Calculations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rose, Jørgen

    The thesis investigates detailed calculation methods for evaluating heat loss through building envelope constructions, or more specific, thermal bridges. First a detailed description of the calculation methods, i.e. both calculation programs and guidelines, for calculating typical thermal bridges...... in building envelope constructions is given. After this a validation of both programs and guidelines is presented. The validation is performed by comparing calculated U-values with Guarded Hot Box measurements. The last part of the thesis discusses the possibilities of utilising the results of detailed...

  19. 嘉绍大桥主墩双壁钢围堰施工技术%Construction Techniques of Double-Wall Steel Cofferdams for Main Piers of Jiashao Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋华清; 唐衡; 林道锦

    2012-01-01

    The main shipping channel bridge of the Jiashao Bridge is a steel box girder cable-stayed bridge with six pylons and four cable planes and the six pile caps of the main piers of the bridge were constructed by the double-wall steel cofferdams. The maximum diameter of the cofferdams is 43. 65 m, the spacing distance between the inner and outer walls of a cofferdam is 1. 5 m, the height of the cofferdam is 26 m and additionally a cofferdam was also provided with eight groups of the combined guiding and positioning devices (guiding piles-sliding steel brackets) arranged in a center-tocenter symmetric way. All cofferdams were manufactured piece by piece in the workshop and at a pier site, the assembling platform for the cofferdam was set up in between the steel casings and platform piles and the cofferdam was well assembled in one time by the gantry carne, using the pier site assembling construction technology. The cofferdam was then lowered down by the sinking system synchronously controlled by computer and was sunk down in place by the aid of the unbalanced ballast and the "inverse pan" dredging. Practice proves that the six cofferdams for the main piers of the bridge have been finally smoothly sunk down in place. The plan deviations of the cofferdams are 50~90 mm and the perpendicularity is less than 1/400, which all satis.fy the relevant requirements in the codes.%嘉绍大桥主航道桥为六塔四索面钢箱梁斜拉桥,6个主墩承台均采用双壁钢围堰方案施工.钢围堰最大直径43.65m,内、外壁间距1.5m,高26 m,以中心对称的方式布设8组组合导向定位装置(导向桩+滑动钢牛腿).钢围堰在加工场内分片制作,在钢护筒与平台桩间搭设拼装平台,采用原位拼装工艺,利用龙门吊一次组拼成型;采用计算机同步控制下沉系统下放,辅以不均衡配载和“倒锅底形”吸泥工艺下沉到位.实践证明,该桥6个主墩钢围堰均顺利下沉到位,平面偏位50~90 mm

  20. Concrete bridge prioritization system

    OpenAIRE

    Kesselring, Debbie Anne

    1995-01-01

    An alternative method of prioritization for concrete bridge maintenance, repair, and rehabilitation activities is required due to the inability of the current system to manage the increasing nmnber of aging concrete bridges. The Concrete Bridge Prioritization System was proposed because of its ability to address the critical technical parameters of safety and cost benefit in prioritization of funding and work allocation. The analysis includes four parts, service life assessment, s...

  1. Stress Analysis of Rectangular Boxes Using Fem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.G. Lokhande

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Extensive experimental & theoretical contributions have been made to the study of open box structures, but few references dealing with closed boxes have been found. When a rectangular box structure is subjected to certain pressure, stress analysis of rectangular box is necessary to avoid the failure during working condition. In this work, it is proposed to evaluate the stresses in rectangular box by changing L/B ratios 1, 1.5, 2 for different thicknes of 2.5, 5, 7.5 mm & varying fillet radius, using finite element method.To validate finite element stresses, it is necessary to compare these stresses with analytical approach. From the FE analysis of rectangular box, it is seen that cubical box having the lesser stresses & better for stress distribution due to symmetry.The stiffners further reduces the stresses in boxes

  2. Bridging the Gap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kramer Overgaard, Majken; Broeng, Jes; Jensen, Monika Luniewska;

    Bridging the Gap (BtG) is a 2-year project funded by The Danish Industry Foundation. The goal of Bridging the Gap has been to create a new innovation model which will increase the rate at which Danish universities can spinout new technology ventures.......Bridging the Gap (BtG) is a 2-year project funded by The Danish Industry Foundation. The goal of Bridging the Gap has been to create a new innovation model which will increase the rate at which Danish universities can spinout new technology ventures....

  3. Bridging the Gap

    OpenAIRE

    Kramer Overgaard, Majken; Broeng, Jes; Jensen, Monika Luniewska; Murdock, Karen; Schmidt, Iben Julie

    2015-01-01

    Bridging the Gap (BtG) is a 2-year project funded by The Danish Industry Foundation. The goal of Bridging the Gap has been to create a new innovation model which will increase the rate at which Danish universities can spinout new technology ventures. Bridging the Gap (BtG) is a 2-year project funded by The Danish Industry Foundation. The goal of Bridging the Gap has been to create a new innovation model which will increase the rate at which Danish universities can spinout new technology ve...

  4. Semiconductor bridge (SCB) detonator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bickes, Jr., Robert W.; Grubelich, Mark C.

    1999-01-01

    The present invention is a low-energy detonator for high-density secondary-explosive materials initiated by a semiconductor bridge igniter that comprises a pair of electrically conductive lands connected by a semiconductor bridge. The semiconductor bridge is in operational or direct contact with the explosive material, whereby current flowing through the semiconductor bridge causes initiation of the explosive material. Header wires connected to the electrically-conductive lands and electrical feed-throughs of the header posts of explosive devices, are substantially coaxial to the direction of current flow through the SCB, i.e., substantially coaxial to the SCB length.

  5. Estimation of Tsunami Bore Forces on a Coastal Bridge Using an Extreme Learning Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iman Mazinani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a procedure to estimate tsunami wave forces on coastal bridges through a novel method based on Extreme Learning Machine (ELM and laboratory experiments. This research included three water depths, ten wave heights, and four bridge models with a variety of girders providing a total of 120 cases. The research was designed and adapted to estimate tsunami bore forces including horizontal force, vertical uplift and overturning moment on a coastal bridge. The experiments were carried out on 1:40 scaled concrete bridge models in a wave flume with dimensions of 24 m × 1.5 m × 2 m. Two six-axis load cells and four pressure sensors were installed to the base plate to measure forces. In the numerical procedure, estimation and prediction results of the ELM model were compared with Genetic Programming (GP and Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs models. The experimental results showed an improvement in predictive accuracy, and capability of generalization could be achieved by the ELM approach in comparison with GP and ANN. Moreover, results indicated that the ELM models developed could be used with confidence for further work on formulating novel model predictive strategy for tsunami bore forces on a coastal bridge. The experimental results indicated that the new algorithm could produce good generalization performance in most cases and could learn thousands of times faster than conventional popular learning algorithms. Therefore, it can be conclusively obtained that utilization of ELM is certainly developing as an alternative approach to estimate the tsunami bore forces on a coastal bridge.

  6. 沪蓉高速公路铁罗坪大桥设计%Design of Tieluoping Bridge on Shanghai-Chengdu Expressway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭安辉; 张门哲

    2012-01-01

    铁罗坪大桥主桥为预应力混凝土双塔双索面斜拉桥,跨径布置为(140+322+140)m.该桥主梁基本断面形式为边主梁;桥塔为H形,总高190.397 m,塔柱采用空心五边形断面,在上塔柱锚固区采用U形预应力束加强,桥塔墩基础由24根φ2.4m的桩基组成;每个桥塔两侧布置19对斜拉索,斜拉索采用低松弛镀锌高强钢丝.从温度作用、汽车荷载作用、成桥阶段稳定系数方面对2种结构体系(墩塔梁固结体系和飘浮体系)进行比选,最终选择了对结构受力更为有利的墩塔梁固结体系.采用MIDAS Civil软件分别对该桥静、动力特性、抗风稳定性及地震反应进行分析,分析结果表明结构受力均满足规范要求.该桥主梁采用悬臂浇筑施工,合龙顺序为先边跨、再中跨.%The main bridge of the Tieluoping Bridge on Shanghai-Chengdu Expressway is a prestressed concrete cable-stayed bridge with double pylons, double cable planes and with span arrangement (140 + 322 + 140) m. The basic section of the main girder of the bridge is the section of edge main girders and the pylons are the H-shape ones, each being 190. 397 m in total height. The columns of a pylon were designed as the hollow pentagonal sections and in the anchorage zones in the upper parts of the columns, the U-shape prestressing strands were employed to reinforce the zones. A foundation for the pylon piers is composed of 24 nos. of f2. 4 m piles. On both sides of a pylon, 19 pairs of stay cables, made up of the low relaxation and high-strength galvanized steel wires, were arranged. Two kinds of the structural systems of the rigid fixity system of pier, pylon and girder and the floating system were compared from aspects of the temperature action, truck load action and stability coefficients of the completed bridge and eventually, the rigid fixity system that is more advantageous to the structural force conditions of the bridge was chosen. The software MIDAS Civil was

  7. On the Effect of Hull Girder Flexibility on the Vertical Wave Bending Moment for Ultra Large Container Vessels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ingrid Marie Vincent; Jensen, Jørgen Juncher

    2012-01-01

    of the ship. The theor