WorldWideScience

Sample records for boundary problem modeling

  1. Analytic approximations to nonlinear boundary value problems modeling beam-type nano-electromechanical systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zou, Li [Dalian Univ. of Technology, Dalian City (China). State Key Lab. of Structural Analysis for Industrial Equipment; Liang, Songxin; Li, Yawei [Dalian Univ. of Technology, Dalian City (China). School of Mathematical Sciences; Jeffrey, David J. [Univ. of Western Ontario, London (Canada). Dept. of Applied Mathematics

    2017-06-01

    Nonlinear boundary value problems arise frequently in physical and mechanical sciences. An effective analytic approach with two parameters is first proposed for solving nonlinear boundary value problems. It is demonstrated that solutions given by the two-parameter method are more accurate than solutions given by the Adomian decomposition method (ADM). It is further demonstrated that solutions given by the ADM can also be recovered from the solutions given by the two-parameter method. The effectiveness of this method is demonstrated by solving some nonlinear boundary value problems modeling beam-type nano-electromechanical systems.

  2. An arbitrary boundary with ghost particles incorporated in coupled FEM-SPH model for FSI problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Ting; Hu, Dean; Wan, Detao; Zhuang, Chen; Yang, Gang

    2017-12-01

    It is important to treat the arbitrary boundary of Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) problems in computational mechanics. In order to ensure complete support condition and restore the first-order consistency near the boundary of Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method for coupling Finite Element Method (FEM) with SPH model, a new ghost particle method is proposed by dividing the interceptive area of kernel support domain into subareas corresponding to boundary segments of structure. The ghost particles are produced automatically for every fluid particle at each time step, and the properties of ghost particles, such as density, mass and velocity, are defined by using the subareas to satisfy the boundary condition. In the coupled FEM-SPH model, the normal and shear forces from a boundary segment of structure to a fluid particle are calculated through the corresponding ghost particles, and its opposite forces are exerted on the corresponding boundary segment, then the momentum of the present method is conservation and there is no matching requirements between the size of elements and the size of particles. The performance of the present method is discussed and validated by several FSI problems with complex geometry boundary and moving boundary.

  3. METHOD OF GREEN FUNCTIONS IN MATHEMATICAL MODELLING FOR TWO-POINT BOUNDARY-VALUE PROBLEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. V. Dikareva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Summary. In many applied problems of control, optimization, system theory, theoretical and construction mechanics, for problems with strings and nods structures, oscillation theory, theory of elasticity and plasticity, mechanical problems connected with fracture dynamics and shock waves, the main instrument for study these problems is a theory of high order ordinary differential equations. This methodology is also applied for studying mathematical models in graph theory with different partitioning based on differential equations. Such equations are used for theoretical foundation of mathematical models but also for constructing numerical methods and computer algorithms. These models are studied with use of Green function method. In the paper first necessary theoretical information is included on Green function method for multi point boundary-value problems. The main equation is discussed, notions of multi-point boundary conditions, boundary functionals, degenerate and non-degenerate problems, fundamental matrix of solutions are introduced. In the main part the problem to study is formulated in terms of shocks and deformations in boundary conditions. After that the main results are formulated. In theorem 1 conditions for existence and uniqueness of solutions are proved. In theorem 2 conditions are proved for strict positivity and equal measureness for a pair of solutions. In theorem 3 existence and estimates are proved for the least eigenvalue, spectral properties and positivity of eigenfunctions. In theorem 4 the weighted positivity is proved for the Green function. Some possible applications are considered for a signal theory and transmutation operators.

  4. Robust numerical methods for boundary-layer equations for a model problem of flow over a symmetric curved surface

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.R. Ansari; B. Hossain; B. Koren (Barry); G.I. Shishkin (Gregori)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractWe investigate the model problem of flow of a viscous incompressible fluid past a symmetric curved surface when the flow is parallel to its axis. This problem is known to exhibit boundary layers. Also the problem does not have solutions in closed form, it is modelled by boundary-layer

  5. On solutions of boundary value problems for model of axially symmetric quantum dots

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gusev, A.A.; Chvluunbaatar, O.; Vinitsky, S.I.; Dvoyan, K.G.; Kazaryan, E.M.; Sarkisyan, H.A.

    2010-01-01

    Full text: (author)In the framework of effective mass approximation we have considered solutions of boundary value problems with separated and nonseparated variables for models of quantum dots with axial-symmetric potentials of harmonic oscillators and confinement potentials with infinite and finite walls. For considered problems we have made comparisons of levels with low energy of discrete spectra and eigenfunctions nodes by using exact and adiabatic classification of states. Critical values of the spheroidal aspect ratio, at which the discrete spectrum of models with finite-wall potentials is transformed into a continuous one in strong dimensional quantization regime, were revealed

  6. Solutions Stability of Initial Boundary Problem, Modeling of Dynamics of Some Discrete Continuum Mechanical System

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    D. A. Eliseev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The solution stability of an initial boundary problem for a linear hybrid system of differential equations, which models the rotation of a rigid body with two elastic rods located in the same plane is studied in the paper. To an axis passing through the mass center of the rigid body perpendicularly to the rods location plane is applied the stabilizing moment proportional to the angle of the system rotation, derivative of the angle, integral of the angle. The external moment provides a feedback. A method of studying the behavior of solutions of the initial boundary problem is proposed. This method allows to exclude from the hybrid system of differential equations partial differential equations, which describe the dynamics of distributed elements of a mechanical system. It allows us to build one equation for an angle of the system rotation. Its characteristic equation defines the stability of solutions of all the system. In the space of feedback-coefficients the areas that provide the asymptotic stability of solutions of the initial boundary problem are built up.

  7. Bifurcation for a free boundary problem modeling the growth of tumors with a drug induced nonlinear proliferation rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fengjie; Liu, Bingchen

    2017-12-01

    In this paper, we study a free boundary model describing growth of tumors under action of drugs. To our knowledge, in theoretical discussion for free boundary problems, the proliferation rate in tumor models discussed in previous bifurcation results is a linear function of nutrients and inhibitors. Whereas in this paper we consider the net proliferation rate as a nonlinear function depending on both nutrients and drugs. First, the existence and the uniqueness of radially symmetric stationary solutions are obtained. Second, we prove that symmetry-breaking solutions bifurcate from the radially symmetric stationary solutions when the concentration of drug on the boundary of tumor is less than one in the rescaled model.

  8. Modeling granular materials as compressible nonlinear fluids: Heat transfer boundary value problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Massoudi

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We discuss three boundary value problems in the flow and heat transfer analysis in flowing granular materials: (i the flow down an inclined plane with radiation effects at the free surface; (ii the natural convection flow between two heated vertical walls; (iii the shearing motion between two horizontal flat plates with heat conduction. It is assumed that the material behaves like a continuum, similar to a compressible nonlinear fluid where the effects of density gradients are incorporated in the stress tensor. For a fully developed flow the equations are simplified to a system of three nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The equations are made dimensionless and a parametric study is performed where the effects of various dimensionless numbers representing the effects of heat conduction, viscous dissipation, radiation, and so forth are presented.

  9. Solution of moving boundary problems with implicit boundary condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moyano, E.A.

    1990-01-01

    An algorithm that solves numerically a model for studying one dimensional moving boundary problems, with implicit boundary condition, is described. Landau's transformation is used, in order to work with a fixed number of nodes at each instant. Then, it is necessary to deal with a parabolic partial differential equation, whose diffusive and convective terms have variable coefficients. The partial differential equation is implicitly discretized, using Laasonen's scheme, always stable, instead of employing Crank-Nicholson sheme, as it has been done by Ferris and Hill. Fixed time and space steps (Δt, Δξ) are used, and the iteration is made with variable positions of the interface, i.e. varying δs until a boundary condition is satisfied. The model has the same features of the oxygen diffusion in absorbing tissue. It would be capable of estimating time variant radiation treatments of cancerous tumors. (Author) [es

  10. Three-Field Modelling of Nonlinear Nonsmooth Boundary Value Problems and Stability of Differential Mixed Variational Inequalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Gwinner

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is twofold. Firstly we consider nonlinear nonsmooth elliptic boundary value problems, and also related parabolic initial boundary value problems that model in a simplified way steady-state unilateral contact with Tresca friction in solid mechanics, respectively, stem from nonlinear transient heat conduction with unilateral boundary conditions. Here a recent duality approach, that augments the classical Babuška-Brezzi saddle point formulation for mixed variational problems to twofold saddle point formulations, is extended to the nonsmooth problems under consideration. This approach leads to variational inequalities of mixed form for three coupled fields as unknowns and to related differential mixed variational inequalities in the time-dependent case. Secondly we are concerned with the stability of the solution set of a general class of differential mixed variational inequalities. Here we present a novel upper set convergence result with respect to perturbations in the data, including perturbations of the associated nonlinear maps, the nonsmooth convex functionals, and the convex constraint set. We employ epiconvergence for the convergence of the functionals and Mosco convergence for set convergence. We impose weak convergence assumptions on the perturbed maps using the monotonicity method of Browder and Minty.

  11. Convergence of a continuous BGK model for initial boundary-value problems for conservation laws

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    Driss Seghir

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available We consider a scalar conservation law in the quarter plane. This equation is approximated in a continuous kinetic Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook (BGK model. The convergence of the model towards the unique entropy solution is established in the space of functions of bounded variation, using kinetic entropy inequalities, without special restriction on the flux nor on the equilibrium problem's data. As an application, we establish the hydrodynamic limit for a $2imes2$ relaxation system with general data. Also we construct a new family of convergent continuous BGK models with simple maxwellians different from the $chi$ models.

  12. On a free boundary problem for a strongly degenerate quasilinear parabolic equation with an application to a model of pressure filtration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buerger, R.; Frid, H.; Karlsen, K.H.

    2002-07-01

    We consider a free boundary problem of a quasilinear strongly degenerate parabolic equation arising from a model of pressure filtration of flocculated suspensions. We provide definitions of generalized solutions of the free boundary problem in the framework of L2 divergence-measure fields. The formulation of boundary conditions is based on a Gauss-Green theorem for divergence-measure fields on bounded domains with Lipschitz deformable boundaries and avoids referring to traces of the solution. This allows to consider generalized solutions from a larger class than BV. Thus it is not necessary to derive the usual uniform estimates on spatial and time derivatives of the solutions of the corresponding regularized problem requires in the BV approach. We first prove existence and uniqueness of the solution of the regularized parabolic free boundary problem and then apply the vanishing viscosity method to prove existence of a generalized solution to the degenerate free boundary problem. (author)

  13. Boundary Value Problems and Approximate Solutions ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this paper, we discuss about some basic things of boundary value problems. Secondly, we study boundary conditions involving derivatives and obtain finite difference approximations of partial derivatives of boundary value problems. The last section is devoted to determine an approximate solution for boundary value ...

  14. Separable boundary-value problems in physics

    CERN Document Server

    Willatzen, Morten

    2011-01-01

    Innovative developments in science and technology require a thorough knowledge of applied mathematics, particularly in the field of differential equations and special functions. These are relevant in modeling and computing applications of electromagnetic theory and quantum theory, e.g. in photonics and nanotechnology. The problem of solving partial differential equations remains an important topic that is taught at both the undergraduate and graduate level. Separable Boundary-Value Problems in Physics is an accessible and comprehensive treatment of partial differential equations i

  15. Singular boundary value problem for the integrodifferential equation in an insurance model with stochastic premiums: Analysis and numerical solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkina, T. A.; Konyukhova, N. B.; Kurochkin, S. V.

    2012-10-01

    A singular boundary value problem for a second-order linear integrodifferential equation with Volterra and non-Volterra integral operators is formulated and analyzed. The equation is defined on ℝ+, has a weak singularity at zero and a strong singularity at infinity, and depends on several positive parameters. Under natural constraints on the coefficients of the equation, existence and uniqueness theorems for this problem with given limit boundary conditions at singular points are proved, asymptotic representations of the solution are given, and an algorithm for its numerical determination is described. Numerical computations are performed and their interpretation is given. The problem arises in the study of the survival probability of an insurance company over infinite time (as a function of its initial surplus) in a dynamic insurance model that is a modification of the classical Cramer-Lundberg model with a stochastic process rate of premium under a certain investment strategy in the financial market. A comparative analysis of the results with those produced by the model with deterministic premiums is given.

  16. Modeling of Hydrophobic Surfaces by the Stokes Problem With the Stick–Slip Boundary Conditions

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kučera, R.; Šátek, V.; Haslinger, Jaroslav; Fialová, S.; Pochylý, F.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 139, č. 1 (2017), č. článku 011202. ISSN 0098-2202 Institutional support: RVO:68145535 Keywords : algebra * boundary conditions * hydrophobicity * Lagrange multipliers * Navier Stokes equations Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics OBOR OECD: Applied mathematics Impact factor: 1.437, year: 2016 http://fluidsengineering.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/article.aspx?articleid=2536532

  17. A moving boundary problem and orthogonal collocation in solving a dynamic liquid surfactant membrane model including osmosis and breakage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.C. Biscaia Junior

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available A dynamic kinetic-diffusive model for the extraction of metallic ions from aqueous liquors using liquid surfactant membranes is proposed. The model incorporates undesirable intrinsic phenomena such as swelling and breakage of the emulsion globules that have to be controlled during process operation. These phenomena change the spatial location of the chemical reaction during the course of extraction, resulting in a transient moving boundary problem. The orthogonal collocation method was used to transform the partial differential equations into an ordinary differential equation set that was solved by an implicit numerical routine. The model was found to be numerically stable and reliable in predicting the behaviour of zinc extraction with acidic extractant for long residence times.

  18. Homology in Electromagnetic Boundary Value Problems

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    Matti Pellikka

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We discuss how homology computation can be exploited in computational electromagnetism. We represent various cellular mesh reduction techniques, which enable the computation of generators of homology spaces in an acceptable time. Furthermore, we show how the generators can be used for setting up and analysis of an electromagnetic boundary value problem. The aim is to provide a rationale for homology computation in electromagnetic modeling software.

  19. Numerical Methods for Free Boundary Problems

    CERN Document Server

    1991-01-01

    About 80 participants from 16 countries attended the Conference on Numerical Methods for Free Boundary Problems, held at the University of Jyviiskylii, Finland, July 23-27, 1990. The main purpose of this conference was to provide up-to-date information on important directions of research in the field of free boundary problems and their numerical solutions. The contributions contained in this volume cover the lectures given in the conference. The invited lectures were given by H.W. Alt, V. Barbu, K-H. Hoffmann, H. Mittelmann and V. Rivkind. In his lecture H.W. Alt considered a mathematical model and existence theory for non-isothermal phase separations in binary systems. The lecture of V. Barbu was on the approximate solvability of the inverse one phase Stefan problem. K-H. Hoff­ mann gave an up-to-date survey of several directions in free boundary problems and listed several applications, but the material of his lecture is not included in this proceedings. H.D. Mittelmann handled the stability of thermo capi...

  20. Towards parameter limits of displacement boundary value problems for Mohr-Coulomb models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rohe, A.

    2013-01-01

    To solve problems in geotechnical engineering often numerical methods such as the Finite Element Method (FEM) are used. This method can be applied for example for the calculation of the strength of dikes, the determination of the stability of (rail)road embankments, the prediction of deformations

  1. Boundary representation modelling techniques

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    Provides the most complete presentation of boundary representation solid modelling yet publishedOffers basic reference information for software developers, application developers and users Includes a historical perspective as well as giving a background for modern research.

  2. Boundary value problems and partial differential equations

    CERN Document Server

    Powers, David L

    2005-01-01

    Boundary Value Problems is the leading text on boundary value problems and Fourier series. The author, David Powers, (Clarkson) has written a thorough, theoretical overview of solving boundary value problems involving partial differential equations by the methods of separation of variables. Professors and students agree that the author is a master at creating linear problems that adroitly illustrate the techniques of separation of variables used to solve science and engineering.* CD with animations and graphics of solutions, additional exercises and chapter review questions* Nearly 900 exercises ranging in difficulty* Many fully worked examples

  3. Hierarchies of DIFFdifference boundary value problems II ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hierarchies of DIFFdifference boundary value problems II - applications. ... In particular, we studied the effect of applying a Crum-type transformation to a weighted second order difference equation with general -dependent boundary conditions at the end points, for eigenparameter λ. In this paper we demonstrate by means ...

  4. Boundary Value Problems Arising in Kalman Filtering

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    Bashirov Agamirza

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The classic Kalman filtering equations for independent and correlated white noises are ordinary differential equations (deterministic or stochastic with the respective initial conditions. Changing the noise processes by taking them to be more realistic wide band noises or delayed white noises creates challenging partial differential equations with initial and boundary conditions. In this paper, we are aimed to give a survey of this connection between Kalman filtering and boundary value problems, bringing them into the attention of mathematicians as well as engineers dealing with Kalman filtering and boundary value problems.

  5. Generalized form of boundary value problems method for material modeled as micro-polar media subjecting to the thermo-mechanical interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiaomin; Zhang, Long; Chu, Zhongxiang; Peng, Song

    2016-09-01

    In this paper, the periodic structure material is modeled as the continuum homogeneous micro-polar media subjecting to thermo-mechanical interaction. Meanwhile, a series of equivalent quantities such as the equivalent stress, couple stress, displacement gradient and torsion tensor were defined by the integral forms of the boundary values of the external surface force, moment, displacement and the angular displacement, and were proved to satisfy the equivalence conditions of virtual work. Based on above works, the displacement boundary value problem was established to deduce the equivalent constitutive equation. Assume the representative volume element is composed of the spatial cross-framework, and applying the boundary value problem of displacement on frame structures, the equivalent elastic coefficients, temperature coefficients of equivalent stress and the temperature gradient coefficients of equivalent couple stress are deduced. In addition, themethod can also be extended to the stress boundary value problem to deduce the equivalent constitutive equation. The calculations indicate that the equivalent result can be obtained from the two kinds of boundary value problems.

  6. Fourier analysis and boundary value problems

    CERN Document Server

    Gonzalez-Velasco, Enrique A

    1996-01-01

    Fourier Analysis and Boundary Value Problems provides a thorough examination of both the theory and applications of partial differential equations and the Fourier and Laplace methods for their solutions. Boundary value problems, including the heat and wave equations, are integrated throughout the book. Written from a historical perspective with extensive biographical coverage of pioneers in the field, the book emphasizes the important role played by partial differential equations in engineering and physics. In addition, the author demonstrates how efforts to deal with these problems have lead to wonderfully significant developments in mathematics.A clear and complete text with more than 500 exercises, Fourier Analysis and Boundary Value Problems is a good introduction and a valuable resource for those in the field.Key Features* Topics are covered from a historical perspective with biographical information on key contributors to the field* The text contains more than 500 exercises* Includes practical applicati...

  7. On Continuation of Solutions to Boundary Problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Modern investigation of the real-analytic continuability of solutions to boundary problems involves elements of complex and microlocal analysis, as well as the theory of pseudodifferential operators. Apart from its purely mathematical interest, this investigation can lead to significant improvement...... of numerical methods used in, e.g., acoustic and electromagnetic scattering. In this talk, I shall take as the starting point the desire to improve one such numerical method, namely the so-called Method of Auxiliary Sources (MAS). The latter is a promising numerical scheme, with the potential of replacing...... the traditional boundary layer formulations in the numerical solution of scattering problems. To address the convergence issues inherent to the MAS, I shall introduce a relevant general real-analytic continuation problem and describe how it can be reformulated in terms of an analytic Cauchy problem in the complex...

  8. Unique solution to periodic boundary value problems

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    Yong Sun

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available Existence of unique solution to periodic boundary value problems of differential equations with continuous or discontinuous right-hand side is considered by utilizing the method of lower and upper solutions and the monotone properties of the operator. This is subject to discussion in the present paper.

  9. Topological invariants in nonlinear boundary value problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vinagre, Sandra; Severino, Ricardo; Ramos, J. Sousa

    2005-01-01

    We consider a class of boundary value problems for partial differential equations, whose solutions are, basically, characterized by the iteration of a nonlinear function. We apply methods of symbolic dynamics of discrete bimodal maps in the interval in order to give a topological characterization of its solutions

  10. Population models with nonlinear boundary conditions

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    Jerome Goddard

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available We study a two point boundary-value problem describing the steady states of a Logistic growth population model with diffusion and constant yield harvesting. In particular, we focus on a model when a certain nonlinear boundary condition is satisfied.

  11. Group invariance in engineering boundary value problems

    CERN Document Server

    Seshadri, R

    1985-01-01

    REFEREN CES . 156 9 Transforma.tion of a Boundary Value Problem to an Initial Value Problem . 157 9.0 Introduction . 157 9.1 Blasius Equation in Boundary Layer Flow . 157 9.2 Longitudinal Impact of Nonlinear Viscoplastic Rods . 163 9.3 Summary . 168 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 . 10 From Nonlinear to Linear Differential Equa.tions Using Transformation Groups. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 . 10.1 From Nonlinear to Linear Differential Equations . 170 10.2 Application to Ordinary Differential Equations -Bernoulli's Equation . . . . . . . . . . . 173 10.3 Application to Partial Differential Equations -A Nonlinear Chemical Exchange Process . 178 10.4 Limitations of the Inspectional Group Method . 187 10.5 Summary . 188 REFERENCES . . . . 188 11 Miscellaneous Topics . 190 11.1 Reduction of Differential Equations to Algebraic Equations 190 11.2 Reduction of Order of an Ordinary Differential Equation . 191 11.3 Transformat.ion From Ordinary to Partial Differential Equations-Search for First Inte...

  12. Modified Differential Transform Method for Two Singular Boundary Values Problems

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    Yinwei Lin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the two singular boundary values problems of second order. Two singular points are both boundary values points of the differential equation. The numerical solutions are developed by modified differential transform method (DTM for expanded point. Linear and nonlinear models are solved by this method to get more reliable and efficient numerical results. It can also solve ordinary differential equations where the traditional one fails. Besides, we give the convergence of this new method.

  13. The scaled boundary FEM for nonlinear problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Zhiliang; Liao, Shijun

    2011-01-01

    The traditional scaled boundary finite-element method (SBFEM) is a rather efficient semi-analytical technique widely applied in engineering, which is however valid mostly for linear differential equations. In this paper, the traditional SBFEM is combined with the homotopy analysis method (HAM), an analytic technique for strongly nonlinear problems: a nonlinear equation is first transformed into a series of linear equations by means of the HAM, and then solved by the traditional SBFEM. In this way, the traditional SBFEM is extended to nonlinear differential equations. A nonlinear heat transfer problem is used as an example to show the validity and computational efficiency of this new SBFEM.

  14. Mixed Boundary Value Problem on Hypersurfaces

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    R. DuDuchava

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present paper is to investigate the mixed Dirichlet-Neumann boundary value problems for the anisotropic Laplace-Beltrami equation divC(A∇Cφ=f on a smooth hypersurface C with the boundary Γ=∂C in Rn. A(x is an n×n bounded measurable positive definite matrix function. The boundary is decomposed into two nonintersecting connected parts Γ=ΓD∪ΓN and on ΓD the Dirichlet boundary conditions are prescribed, while on ΓN the Neumann conditions. The unique solvability of the mixed BVP is proved, based upon the Green formulae and Lax-Milgram Lemma. Further, the existence of the fundamental solution to divS(A∇S is proved, which is interpreted as the invertibility of this operator in the setting Hp,#s(S→Hp,#s-2(S, where Hp,#s(S is a subspace of the Bessel potential space and consists of functions with mean value zero.

  15. On the solvability of initial boundary value problems for nonlinear ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this paper, we study the initial boundary value problems for a non-linear time dependent Schrödinger equation with Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions, respectively. We prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions of the initial boundary value problems by using Galerkin's method. Keywords: Initial boundary ...

  16. A selfadjoint hyperbolic boundary-value problem

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    Nezam Iraniparast

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available We consider the eigenvalue wave equation $$u_{tt} - u_{ss} = lambda pu,$$ subject to $ u(s,0 = 0$, where $uinmathbb{R}$, is a function of $(s, t in mathbb{R}^2$, with $tge 0$. In the characteristic triangle $T ={(s,t:0leq tleq 1, tleq sleq 2-t}$ we impose a boundary condition along characteristics so that $$ alpha u(t,t-beta frac{partial u}{partial n_1}(t,t = alpha u(1+t,1-t +betafrac{partial u}{partial n_2}(1+t,1-t,quad 0leq tleq1. $$ The parameters $alpha$ and $beta$ are arbitrary except for the condition that they are not both zero. The two vectors $n_1$ and $n_2$ are the exterior unit normals to the characteristic boundaries and $frac{partial u}{partial n_1}$, $frac{partial u}{partial n_2}$ are the normal derivatives in those directions. When $pequiv 1$ we will show that the above characteristic boundary value problem has real, discrete eigenvalues and corresponding eigenfunctions that are complete and orthogonal in $L_2(T$. We will also investigate the case where $pgeq 0$ is an arbitrary continuous function in $T$.

  17. To the boundary value problem of ordinary differential equations

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    Serikbai Aisagaliev

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Method for solving of a boundary value problem for ordinary differential equations with boundary conditions at phase and integral constraints is proposed. The base of the method is an immersion principle based on the general solution of the first order Fredholm integral equation which allows to reduce the original boundary value problem to the special problem of the optimal equation.

  18. Collocation-homotopy method to initial-boundary value problems

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    Ahmad Molabahrami

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an algorithm based on the collocation and homotopy analysis methods, for solving initial-boundary value problems, is introduced. The application of this algorithm is based on the approximation and interpolation of the dependent variables by using suitable functions or polynomials according to their values in the collocation points corresponding to a suitable discretization of the space variable. Then the space derivatives are approximated using interpolation. Replacing them in the equation transforms the initial-boundary value problem into an initial value problem for ordinary differential equations. The obtained initial value problem is solved by homotopy analysis method. In the frame of the homotopy analysis method, the optimum value of convergence-parameter corresponding to each point is computed by a simple stochastic function minimizer, namely differential evolution method. Lagrange polynomials are usually adopted for the interpolation. In this framework, the Burgers model is considered as a prototype example.

  19. Elasticity problems in domains with nonsmooth boundaries

    CERN Document Server

    Esparza, D

    2001-01-01

    In the present work we study the behaviour of elastic stress fields in domains with non-regular boundaries. We consider three-dimensional problems in elastic media with thin conical defects (inclusions or cavities) and analyse the stress singularity at their vertices. To construct asymptotic expansions for the stress and displacement fields in terms of a small parameter epsilon related to the 'thickness' of the defect, we employ a technique based on the work by Kondrat'ev, Maz'ya, Nazarov and Plamenevskii. We first study the stress distribution in an elastic body with a thin conical notch. We derive an asymptotic representation for the stress singularity exponent by reducing the original problem to a spectral problem for a 9x9 matrix. The elements of this matrix are found to depend upon the geometry of the cross-section of the notch and the elastic properties of the medium. We specify the sets of eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenvectors for a circular, elliptical, 'triangular' and 'square' cross-section...

  20. Parametric bases for elliptic boundary value problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gusev, A. A.; Vinitsky, S. I.; Chuluunbaatar, O.; Derbov, V. L.; Góźdź, A.; Krassovitskiy, P. M.

    2018-02-01

    We consider the calculation schemes in the framework of Kantorovich method that consist in the reduction of a 3D elliptic boundary-value problem (BVP) to a set of second-order ordinary differential equations (ODEs) using the parametric basis functions. These functions are solution of the 2D parametric BVP. The coefficients in the ODEs are the parametric eigenvalues and the potential matrix elements expressed by the integrals of the eigenfunctions multiplied by their first derivatives with respect to the parameter. We calculate the parametric basis functions numerically in the general case using the high-accuracy finite element method. The efficiency of the proposed calculation schemes and algorithms is demonstrated by the example of the BVP describing the bound states of helium atom.

  1. Parallel algorithms for boundary value problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Avi

    1991-01-01

    A general approach to solve boundary value problems numerically in a parallel environment is discussed. The basic algorithm consists of two steps: the local step where all the P available processors work in parallel, and the global step where one processor solves a tridiagonal linear system of the order P. The main advantages of this approach are twofold. First, this suggested approach is very flexible, especially in the local step and thus the algorithm can be used with any number of processors and with any of the SIMD or MIMD machines. Secondly, the communication complexity is very small and thus can be used as easily with shared memory machines. Several examples for using this strategy are discussed.

  2. Positive solutions for a fourth order boundary value problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Yang

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available We consider a boundary value problem for the beam equation, in which the boundary conditions mean that the beam is embedded at one end and free at the other end. Some new estimates to the positive solutions to the boundary value problem are obtained. Some sufficient conditions for the existence of at least one positive solution for the boundary value problem are established. An example is given at the end of the paper to illustrate the main results.

  3. State-dependent impulses boundary value problems on compact interval

    CERN Document Server

    Rachůnková, Irena

    2015-01-01

    This book offers the reader a new approach to the solvability of boundary value problems with state-dependent impulses and provides recently obtained existence results for state dependent impulsive problems with general linear boundary conditions. It covers fixed-time impulsive boundary value problems both regular and singular and deals with higher order differential equations or with systems that are subject to general linear boundary conditions. We treat state-dependent impulsive boundary value problems, including a new approach giving effective conditions for the solvability of the Dirichlet problem with one state-dependent impulse condition and we show that the depicted approach can be extended to problems with a finite number of state-dependent impulses. We investigate the Sturm–Liouville boundary value problem for a more general right-hand side of a differential equation. Finally, we offer generalizations to higher order differential equations or differential systems subject to general linear boundary...

  4. Free boundary problems in PDEs and particle systems

    CERN Document Server

    Carinci, Gioia; Giardinà, Cristian; Presutti, Errico

    2016-01-01

    In this volume a theory for models of transport in the presence of a free boundary is developed. Macroscopic laws of transport are described by PDE's. When the system is open, there are several mechanisms to couple the system with the external forces. Here a class of systems where the interaction with the exterior takes place in correspondence of a free boundary is considered. Both continuous and discrete models sharing the same structure are analysed. In Part I a free boundary problem related to the Stefan Problem is worked out in all details. For this model a new notion of relaxed solution is proposed for which global existence and uniqueness is proven. It is also shown that this is the hydrodynamic limit of the empirical mass density of the associated particle system. In Part II several other models are discussed. The expectation is that the results proved for the basic model extend to these other cases. All the models discussed in this volume have an interest in problems arising in several research fields...

  5. Heat Kernel Asymptotics of Zaremba Boundary Value Problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avramidi, Ivan G. [Department of Mathematics, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (United States)], E-mail: iavramid@nmt.edu

    2004-03-15

    The Zaremba boundary-value problem is a boundary value problem for Laplace-type second-order partial differential operators acting on smooth sections of a vector bundle over a smooth compact Riemannian manifold with smooth boundary but with discontinuous boundary conditions, which include Dirichlet boundary conditions on one part of the boundary and Neumann boundary conditions on another part of the boundary. We study the heat kernel asymptotics of Zaremba boundary value problem. The construction of the asymptotic solution of the heat equation is described in detail and the heat kernel is computed explicitly in the leading approximation. Some of the first nontrivial coefficients of the heat kernel asymptotic expansion are computed explicitly.

  6. Second-Order Boundary Value Problem with Integral Boundary Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nieto JuanJ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The nonlinear alternative of the Leray Schauder type and the Banach contraction principle are used to investigate the existence of solutions for second-order differential equations with integral boundary conditions. The compactness of solutions set is also investigated.

  7. Detonation Shock Dynamics Modelling with Arbitrary Boundaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodgson, Alexander

    2017-06-01

    The Detonation Shock Dynamics (DSD) model can be used to predict detonation wave propagation in a high explosive (HE). The detonation wave is prescribed a velocity that depends on its curvature. Additionally, the angle between the wave and the HE boundary may not exceed a specified ``boundary angle'', the value of which depends on the HE and its confining material(s). The level-set method is commonly used to drive DSD computation. Boundary conditions are applied to the level-set field at the charge edges to maintain the explosive boundary angle criteria. The position of the boundary must be accurate and continuous across adjacent cells to achieve accurate and robust results. This is mainly an issue for mixed material meshes where the boundary does not coincide with the cell boundaries. For such meshes, a set of volume fractions defines the amount of material in each cell. The boundary is defined implicitly by the volume fractions, and must be reconstructed to an explicit form for use in DSD. This work describes a novel synthesis of the level-set method and simulated annealing, an optimisation method used to reconstruct the boundary. The accuracy and robustness of the resulting DSD calculation are evaluated with a range of test problems.

  8. Prior Information in Inverse Boundary Problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garde, Henrik

    the change in distinguishability of inclusions (support of an inhomogeneity) as they are placed closer towards the measurement boundary. This is done by determining eigenvalue bounds for differences of pseudodifferential operators on the boundary of the domain. Ultimately, the bounds serves as insight...

  9. Boundary layer heights and surface fluxes of momentum and heat derived from ECMWF data for use in pollutant dispersion models - problems with data accuracy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wotawa, G. [Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Inst. of Meteorology and Physics, Vienna (Austria); Stohl, A. [Ludwig-Maximilians-Univ. Muenchen, Munich (Germany)

    1997-10-01

    Certain boundary layer parameters, especially boundary layer heights, are very important for pollutant dispersion modelling. On the regional scale (>- 100 km), data of the numerical weather prediction model of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts are often used for that purpose. Based on ECMWF data, the meteorological preprocessor FLEXTRA for Lagrangian air quality simulation models and the Lagrangian particle diffusion model FLEXPART have been developed. Using analyses and short term forecasts, a temporal resolution of three hours can be achieved. Some alternative methods to obtain boundary layer parameters can be applied, producing different results which affect all subsequent calculations, for instance the calculation of boundary layer trajectories and the dispersion of air pollutants. (au)

  10. Initial and boundary value problems for partial functional differential equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. K. Ntouyas

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we study the existence of solutions to initial and boundary value problems of partial functional differential equations via a fixed-point analysis approach. Using the topological transversality theorem we derive conditions under which an initial or a boundary value problem has a solution.

  11. Modeling the summertime Arctic cloudy boundary layer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Curry, J.A.; Pinto, J.O. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); McInnes, K.L. [CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research, Mordialloc (Australia)

    1996-04-01

    Global climate models have particular difficulty in simulating the low-level clouds during the Arctic summer. Model problems are exacerbated in the polar regions by the complicated vertical structure of the Arctic boundary layer. The presence of multiple cloud layers, a humidity inversion above cloud top, and vertical fluxes in the cloud that are decoupled from the surface fluxes, identified in Curry et al. (1988), suggest that models containing sophisticated physical parameterizations would be required to accurately model this region. Accurate modeling of the vertical structure of multiple cloud layers in climate models is important for determination of the surface radiative fluxes. This study focuses on the problem of modeling the layered structure of the Arctic summertime boundary-layer clouds and in particular, the representation of the more complex boundary layer type consisting of a stable foggy surface layer surmounted by a cloud-topped mixed layer. A hierarchical modeling/diagnosis approach is used. A case study from the summertime Arctic Stratus Experiment is examined. A high-resolution, one-dimensional model of turbulence and radiation is tested against the observations and is then used in sensitivity studies to infer the optimal conditions for maintaining two separate layers in the Arctic summertime boundary layer. A three-dimensional mesoscale atmospheric model is then used to simulate the interaction of this cloud deck with the large-scale atmospheric dynamics. An assessment of the improvements needed to the parameterizations of the boundary layer, cloud microphysics, and radiation in the 3-D model is made.

  12. On a Fourth-Order Boundary Value Problem at Resonance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Man Xu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the spectrum structure of the eigenvalue problem u4x=λux,  x∈0,1;  u0=u1=u′0=u′1=0. As for the application of the spectrum structure, we show the existence of solutions of the fourth-order boundary value problem at resonance -u4x+λ1ux+gx,ux=hx,  x∈0,1;  u0=u1=u′0=u′1=0, which models a statically elastic beam with both end-points being cantilevered or fixed, where λ1 is the first eigenvalue of the corresponding eigenvalue problem and nonlinearity g may be unbounded.

  13. A free boundary problem on three-dimensional cones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Mark

    2017-12-01

    We consider a free boundary problem on cones depending on a parameter c and study when the free boundary is allowed to pass through the vertex of the cone. We show that when the cone is three-dimensional and c is large enough, the free boundary avoids the vertex. We also show that when c is small enough but still positive, the free boundary is allowed to pass through the vertex. This establishes 3 as the critical dimension for which the free boundary may pass through the vertex of a right circular cone. In view of the well-known connection between area-minimizing surfaces and the free boundary problem under consideration, our result is analogous to a result of Morgan that classifies when an area-minimizing surface on a cone passes through the vertex.

  14. The Stokes phenomenon as a boundary-value problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez, Jose L [Departamento de Ingenieria Matematica e Informatica, Universidad Publica de Navarra, 31006-Pamplona (Spain)

    2007-08-31

    We show that the Stokes phenomenon is related to a boundary-value problem in two dimensions: for a large class of functions and near the Stokes lines, the subdominant multiplier satisfies a two-dimensional boundary-value problem of convection-diffusion type with discontinuous Dirichlet conditions at the boundary. The solution of this problem is approximated by an error function of a certain combination of the polar variables of the plane which measures the distance to the Stokes line. Then, we offer a different and very simple explanation of the smoothing of the Stokes phenomenon showing the universality of the error function as the smoothing factor.

  15. Physical problems of the benthic boundary layer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bowden, K.F.

    1978-09-01

    Since the boundary layer at the sea bed has a number of features in common with boundary layers found in laboratory scale flows and in meteorology, a brief review is given first of the properties that may be inferred from experience in these fields or from theroetical studies. Measurements of velocity profiles, turbulence, and shearing stress, which have been made near the bottom, in deep water, and on the continental shelf, are described in relation to this background. In particular, the logarithmic form of the velocity profile near the bed and deductions from it appear to be valid in certain conditions, but the occurrence of ripples and other bed forms is a complicating feature. The relation of the dynamical aspects of the flow to the transport of sediment as bed load and in suspension is discussed. The diffusive properties of the layer are then considered, in relation to fluxes near the sea-sediment interface and to the formation of nepheloid layers or layers well mixed in temperature and salinity. 90 references, 9 figures, 2 tables.

  16. Numerical solutions of fifth order boundary value problems using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mamadu-Njoseh polynomials are polynomials constructed in the interval [-1,1] with respect to the weight function () = 2 + 1. This paper aims at applying these polynomials, as trial functions satisfying the boundary conditions, in a numerical approach for the solution of fifth order boundary value problems. For this, these ...

  17. Boundary conditions for free surface inlet and outlet problems

    KAUST Repository

    Taroni, M.

    2012-08-10

    We investigate and compare the boundary conditions that are to be applied to free-surface problems involving inlet and outlets of Newtonian fluid, typically found in coating processes. The flux of fluid is a priori known at an inlet, but unknown at an outlet, where it is governed by the local behaviour near the film-forming meniscus. In the limit of vanishing capillary number Ca it is well known that the flux scales with Ca 2/3, but this classical result is non-uniform as the contact angle approaches π. By examining this limit we find a solution that is uniformly valid for all contact angles. Furthermore, by considering the far-field behaviour of the free surface we show that there exists a critical capillary number above which the problem at an inlet becomes over-determined. The implications of this result for the modelling of coating flows are discussed. © 2012 Cambridge University Press.

  18. APPLICATION OF BOUNDARY INTEGRAL EQUATION METHOD FOR THERMOELASTICITY PROBLEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vorona Yu.V.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Boundary Integral Equation Method is used for solving analytically the problems of coupled thermoelastic spherical wave propagation. The resulting mathematical expressions coincide with the solutions obtained in a conventional manner.

  19. Initial-boundary value problems for the wave equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tynysbek Sh. Kalmenov

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In this work we consider an initial-boundary value problem for the one-dimensional wave equation. We prove the uniqueness of the solution and show that the solution coincides with the wave potential.

  20. Numerical solution of fuzzy boundary value problems using Galerkin ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    point FBVPs. Nonhomogeneous FBVPs using collocation method has been studied by Mohammed and. Fadhel [16]. Jamshidi and Avazpour [17] applied shooting method for second-order fuzzy boundary value problems. (SOFBVPs) under ...

  1. Existence results for anisotropic discrete boundary value problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avci Avci

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we prove the existence of nontrivial weak solutions for a class of discrete boundary value problems. The main tools used here are the variational principle and critical point theory.

  2. Existence results for nonlinear boundary-value problems with integral boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mouffak Benchohra

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we investigate the existence of solutions for a second order nonlinear boundary-value problem with integral boundary conditions. By using suitable fixed point theorems, we study the cases when the right hand side has convex and nonconvex values.

  3. Numerical methods for stiff systems of two-point boundary value problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flaherty, J. E.; Omalley, R. E., Jr.

    1983-01-01

    Numerical procedures are developed for constructing asymptotic solutions of certain nonlinear singularly perturbed vector two-point boundary value problems having boundary layers at one or both endpoints. The asymptotic approximations are generated numerically and can either be used as is or to furnish a general purpose two-point boundary value code with an initial approximation and the nonuniform computational mesh needed for such problems. The procedures are applied to a model problem that has multiple solutions and to problems describing the deformation of thin nonlinear elastic beam that is resting on an elastic foundation.

  4. An integral equation method to boundary value problems in elastostatics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gospodinov, G.K.

    1987-01-01

    The boundary element method (BEM) is already a well established numerical technique for solving some boundary value problems in elastostatics - Brebbia and Walker (1980). The main feature of this approach is the use of fundamental solutions which reduces the dimension of the problem by one and results in finding some unknown functions on the boundary only. So if we want to use the BEM we need: First - the fundamental solutions, and second - the boundary integral equations which are usually constructed by means of Betti's law or Green's second identity. In many cases of practical importance however, the fundamental solutions are not known, or they are so complicated that the effective implementation of the BEM is under question. On the other hand, if the thickness of the domain in the two dimensional case is not constant, or the material is orthotropic the solution with boundary element method is complicated in a similar way. (orig./GL)

  5. Boundary Control Problem for Heat Convection Equations with Slip Boundary Condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Exequiel Mallea-Zepeda

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available We analyze an optimal boundary control problem for heat convection equations in a three-dimensional domain, with mixed boundary conditions. We prove the existence of optimal solutions, by considering boundary controls for the velocity vector and the temperature. The analyzed optimal control problem includes the minimization of a Lebesgue norm between the velocity and some desired field, as well as the temperature and some desired temperature. By using the Lagrange multipliers theorem we derive an optimality system. We also give a second-order sufficient condition.

  6. Boundary value problems and Fourier expansions

    CERN Document Server

    MacCluer, Charles R

    2004-01-01

    Based on modern Sobolev methods, this text for advanced undergraduates and graduate students is highly physical in its orientation. It integrates numerical methods and symbolic manipulation into an elegant viewpoint that is consonant with implementation by digital computer. The first five sections form an informal introduction that develops students' physical and mathematical intuition. The following section introduces Hilbert space in its natural environment, and the next six sections pose and solve the standard problems. The final seven sections feature concise introductions to selected topi

  7. Boundary-value problems for wave equations with data on the whole boundary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makhmud A. Sadybekov

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article we propose a new formulation of boundary-value problem for a one-dimensional wave equation in a rectangular domain in which boundary conditions are given on the whole boundary. We prove the well-posedness of boundary-value problem in the classical and generalized senses. To substantiate the well-posedness of this problem it is necessary to have an effective representation of the general solution of the problem. In this direction we obtain a convenient representation of the general solution for the wave equation in a rectangular domain based on d'Alembert classical formula. The constructed general solution automatically satisfies the boundary conditions by a spatial variable. Further, by setting different boundary conditions according to temporary variable, we get some functional or functional-differential equations. Thus, the proof of the well-posedness of the formulated problem is reduced to question of the existence and uniqueness of solutions of the corresponding functional equations.

  8. Initial value methods for boundary value problems

    CERN Document Server

    Meyer, Gunter H

    1973-01-01

    In this book, we study theoretical and practical aspects of computing methods for mathematical modelling of nonlinear systems. A number of computing techniques are considered, such as methods of operator approximation with any given accuracy; operator interpolation techniques including a non-Lagrange interpolation; methods of system representation subject to constraints associated with concepts of causality, memory and stationarity; methods of system representation with an accuracy that is the best within a given class of models; methods of covariance matrix estimation;methods for low-rank mat

  9. Numerical solution of fuzzy boundary value problems using Galerkin ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. This paper proposes a new technique based on Galerkin method for solving nth order fuzzy boundary value problem. The proposed method has been illustrated by considering three different cases depending upon the sign of coefficients with benchmark example problems. To show the applicability of the.

  10. three solutions for a semilinear elliptic boundary value problem

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    69

    Keywords: The Laplacian operator, elliptic problem, Nehari man- ifold, three critical points, weak solution. 1. Introduction. Let Ω be a smooth bounded domain in RN , N ≥ 3 . In this work, we show the existence of at least three solutions for the semilinear elliptic boundary- value problem: (Pλ).. −∆u = f(x)|u(x)|p−2u(x) + ...

  11. numerical solutions of fifth order boundary value problems using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr A.B.Ahmed

    Fifth order boundary value problems are prevalent in the mathematical stimulations of Viscoelastic flow, heat convection, and in many other fields of science and technology. However, analytic methods of solving these problems are often challenging. Hence, researchers have turned their search light to numerical solution ...

  12. A non-local free boundary problem arising in a theory of financial bubbles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berestycki, Henri; Monneau, Regis; Scheinkman, José A

    2014-11-13

    We consider an evolution non-local free boundary problem that arises in the modelling of speculative bubbles. The solution of the model is the speculative component in the price of an asset. In the framework of viscosity solutions, we show the existence and uniqueness of the solution. We also show that the solution is convex in space, and establish several monotonicity properties of the solution and of the free boundary with respect to parameters of the problem. To study the free boundary, we use, in particular, the fact that the odd part of the solution solves a more standard obstacle problem. We show that the free boundary is [Formula: see text] and describe the asymptotics of the free boundary as c, the cost of transacting the asset, goes to zero. © 2014 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.

  13. A non-local free boundary problem arising in a theory of financial bubbles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berestycki, Henri; Monneau, Regis; Scheinkman, José A.

    2014-01-01

    We consider an evolution non-local free boundary problem that arises in the modelling of speculative bubbles. The solution of the model is the speculative component in the price of an asset. In the framework of viscosity solutions, we show the existence and uniqueness of the solution. We also show that the solution is convex in space, and establish several monotonicity properties of the solution and of the free boundary with respect to parameters of the problem. To study the free boundary, we use, in particular, the fact that the odd part of the solution solves a more standard obstacle problem. We show that the free boundary is and describe the asymptotics of the free boundary as c, the cost of transacting the asset, goes to zero. PMID:25288815

  14. Initial boundary value problems for some damped nonlinear conservation laws

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoj Yadav

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we study the non-negative solutions of initial boundary value problems for some damped nonlinear conservation laws on the half line modelled by first order nonlinear hyperbolic PDEs. We consider the class of initial profile which are non-negative, bounded and compactly supported. Using the method of characteristics and Rankine-Hugoniot jump condition, an entropy solution is constructed subject to a top-hat initial profile. Then the large time behaviour of the constructed entropy solution is obtained. Finally, taking recourse to some comparison principles and the method of super and sub solutions the large time behaviour of entropy solutions subject to the general class of bounded and compactly supported initial profiles are established as the large time behaviour of the entropy solution subject to top-hat initial profiles.

  15. Global existence and blowup for free boundary problems of coupled reaction-diffusion systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianping Sun

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This article concerns a free boundary problem for a reaction-diffusion system modeling the cooperative interaction of two diffusion biological species in one space dimension. First we show the existence and uniqueness of a local classical solution, then we study the asymptotic behavior of the free boundary problem. Our results show that the free boundary problem admits a global solution if the inter-specific competitions are strong, while, if the inter-specific competitions are weak, there exist the blowup solution and a global fast solution.

  16. A finite difference method for free boundary problems

    KAUST Repository

    Fornberg, Bengt

    2010-04-01

    Fornberg and Meyer-Spasche proposed some time ago a simple strategy to correct finite difference schemes in the presence of a free boundary that cuts across a Cartesian grid. We show here how this procedure can be combined with a minimax-based optimization procedure to rapidly solve a wide range of elliptic-type free boundary value problems. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Nonlinear boundary value problems in quantum field theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schrader, R.

    1989-01-01

    We discuss the general structure of a quantum field theory which is free in the interior of a bounded set B of R n . It is shown how to recover the field theory in the interior of B from a certain quantum field theory on the boundary. With an application to string theory in mind, we discuss the example where B equals an interval and the boundary value problem is given in terms of a euclidean functional integral with a P(var phi) interaction restricted to the boundary. copyright 1989 Academic Press, Inc

  18. A non-local free boundary problem arising in a theory of financial bubbles

    OpenAIRE

    Berestycki, Henri; Monneau, Regis; Scheinkman, José A.

    2014-01-01

    We consider an evolution non-local free boundary problem that arises in the modelling of speculative bubbles. The solution of the model is the speculative component in the price of an asset. In the framework of viscosity solutions, we show the existence and uniqueness of the solution. We also show that the solution is convex in space, and establish several monotonicity properties of the solution and of the free boundary with respect to parameters of the problem. To study the free boundary, we...

  19. Positive solutions of nonlinear fractional boundary value problems with Dirichlet boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qingkai Kong

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we study the existence and multiplicity of positive solutions of a class of nonlinear fractional boundary value problems with  Dirichlet boundary conditions. By applying the fixed point theory on cones we establish a series of criteria for the existence of one, two, any arbitrary finite number, and an infinite number of positive solutions. A criterion for the nonexistence of positive solutions is also derived. Several examples are given for demonstration.

  20. Solution of Boundary-Value Problems using Kantorovich Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gusev A.A.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose a computational scheme for solving the eigenvalue problem for an elliptic differential equation in a two-dimensional domain with Dirichlet boundary conditions. The solution is sought in the form of Kantorovich expansion over the basis functions of one of the independent variables with the second variable treated as a parameter. The basis functions are calculated as solutions of the parametric eigenvalue problem for an ordinary second-order differential equation. As a result, the initial problem is reduced to a boundary-value problem for a set of self-adjoint second-order differential equations for functions of the second independent variable. The discrete formulation of the problem is implemented using the finite element method with Hermite interpolation polynomials. The effciency of the calculation scheme is shown by benchmark calculations for a square membrane with a degenerate spectrum.

  1. Optimal control problems for impulsive systems with integral boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allaberen Ashyralyev

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the optimal control problem is considered when the state of the system is described by the impulsive differential equations with integral boundary conditions. Applying the Banach contraction principle the existence and uniqueness of the solution is proved for the corresponding boundary problem by the fixed admissible control. The first and second variation of the functional is calculated. Various necessary conditions of optimality of the first and second order are obtained by the help of the variation of the controls.

  2. Nonlinear Elliptic Boundary Value Problems at Resonance with Nonlinear Wentzell Boundary Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciprian G. Gal

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Given a bounded domain Ω⊂RN with a Lipschitz boundary ∂Ω and p,q∈(1,+∞, we consider the quasilinear elliptic equation -Δpu+α1u=f in Ω complemented with the generalized Wentzell-Robin type boundary conditions of the form bx∇up-2∂nu-ρbxΔq,Γu+α2u=g on ∂Ω. In the first part of the article, we give necessary and sufficient conditions in terms of the given functions f, g and the nonlinearities α1, α2, for the solvability of the above nonlinear elliptic boundary value problems with the nonlinear boundary conditions. In other words, we establish a sort of “nonlinear Fredholm alternative” for our problem which extends the corresponding Landesman and Lazer result for elliptic problems with linear homogeneous boundary conditions. In the second part, we give some additional results on existence and uniqueness and we study the regularity of the weak solutions for these classes of nonlinear problems. More precisely, we show some global a priori estimates for these weak solutions in an L∞-setting.

  3. Modeling and computation of boundary-layer flows laminar, turbulent and transitional boundary layers in incompressible and compressible flows

    CERN Document Server

    Cebeci, Tuncer

    2005-01-01

    This second edition of our book extends the modeling and calculation of boundary-layer flows to include compressible flows. The subjects cover laminar, transitional and turbulent boundary layers for two- and three-dimensional incompressible and compressible flows. The viscous-inviscid coupling between the boundary layer and the inviscid flow is also addressed. The book has a large number of homework problems.

  4. Bibliography on moving boundary problems with key word index

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wilson, D.G.; Solomon, A.D.; Trent, J.S.

    1979-10-01

    This bibliography concentrates mainly on time-dependent moving-boundary problems of heat and mass transfer. The bibliography is in two parts, a list of the references ordered by last name of the first author and a key word index to the titles. Few references from before 1965 are included

  5. A Duality Approach for the Boundary Variation of Neumann Problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bucur, Dorin; Varchon, Nicolas

    2002-01-01

    In two dimensions, we study the stability of the solution of an elliptic equation with Neumann boundary conditions for nonsmooth perturbations of the geometric domain. Using harmonic conjugates, we relate this problem to the shape stability of the solution of an elliptic equation with Dirichlet...

  6. A duality approach or the boundary variation of Neumann problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bucur, D.; Varchon, Nicolas

    2002-01-01

    In two dimensions, we study the stability of the solution of an elliptic equation with Neumann boundary conditions for nonsmooth perturbations of the geometric domain. Using harmonic conjugates, we relate this problem to the shape stability of the solution of an elliptic equation with Dirichlet...

  7. Porosity of free boundaries in the obstacle problem for quasilinear ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    (Math. Sci.) Vol. 123, No. 3, August 2013, pp. 373–382. c Indian Academy of Sciences. Porosity of free boundaries in the obstacle problem for quasilinear elliptic equations. JUN ZHENG1,∗. , ZHIHUA ZHANG2 and PEIHAO ZHAO3. 1Basic Course Department, Emei Campus, Southwest Jiaotong University, Leshan,. Sichuan ...

  8. Existence theory for nonlinear functional boundary value problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bapurao Dhage

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the existence of a solution of a general nonlinear functional two point boundary value problem is proved under mixed generalized Lipschitz and Carath\\'eodory conditions. An existence theorem for extremal solutions is also proved under certain monotonicity and weaker continuity conditions. Examples are provided to illustrate the theory developed in this paper.

  9. Robust Monotone Iterates for Nonlinear Singularly Perturbed Boundary Value Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boglaev Igor

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is concerned with solving nonlinear singularly perturbed boundary value problems. Robust monotone iterates for solving nonlinear difference scheme are constructed. Uniform convergence of the monotone methods is investigated, and convergence rates are estimated. Numerical experiments complement the theoretical results.

  10. Bibliography on moving boundary problems with key word index

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilson, D.G.; Solomon, A.D.; Trent, J.S.

    1979-10-01

    This bibliography concentrates mainly on time-dependent moving-boundary problems of heat and mass transfer. The bibliography is in two parts, a list of the references ordered by last name of the first author and a key word index to the titles. Few references from before 1965 are included. (RWR)

  11. Positive solutions of singular boundary value problem of negative ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    Thus we complete the proof of. Theorem 2.2. Acknowledgement. This work is supported in part by the NSF(Youth) of Shandong Province and NNSF of. China. References. [1] Fink A M, Gatica J A, Hernandez G E and Waltman P, Approximation of solutions of singular second order boundary value problems, SIAM J. Math.

  12. Fourth-order discrete anisotropic boundary-value problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maciej Leszczynski

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article we consider the fourth-order discrete anisotropic boundary value problem with both advance and retardation. We apply the direct method of the calculus of variations and the mountain pass technique to prove the existence of at least one and at least two solutions. Non-existence of non-trivial solutions is also undertaken.

  13. Periodic and boundary value problems for second order differential ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    of multiple solutions for initial and boundary value problems of the first and second order. ... value problems. The overwhelming majority of the works in this direction, assume that the vector field is continuous in all variables and they look for solutions in the space. C2ً0; bق. ..... So from Vrabie [21] (Proposition 2.2.1, p. 56), we ...

  14. Parametric integral equations system in elasticity problems with uncertainly defined shape of the boundary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zieniuk, Eugeniusz; Kapturczak, Marta

    2017-07-01

    In recent studies of parametric integral equations system (PIES), the input data, necessary to define the shape of boundary, was defined in precise way. However, it is just assumption for further calculations. In practice even the most accurate measurement instruments generate errors. Therefore, in this paper we decide to propose the method for modelling and solving the boundary value problems with uncertainly defined shape of boundary. In view of advantages in precisely defined problems, we decide to generalize PIES method. To define the uncertainty of the input data we propose the modification of directed interval arithmetic.

  15. A unified analysis of kinetic models for the problem of thermal creep based on the boundary conditions of Cercignani-Lampis for heterogeneous plates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rosa, Cinara Ewerling da; Knackfuss, Rosenei Felippe

    2013-01-01

    In this work is presented a series of numerical results and graphical comparisons of the physical quantities of interest such as: the velocity profile and the heat on profile. This formulation is developed for the problem of Thermal Creep, where the gas is moving between two parallel plates with different chemical constitutions (heterogeneous plates) due to a temperature gradient. The flow of a rarefied gas, is investigated with special attention to the gas-surface interaction, modeled by the Cercignani-Lampis kernel, that unlike Maxwell's scattering kernel, is defined in terms of two accommodation coefficients (normal and tangential) to represent the physical properties of the gas. The kinetic theory for rarefied gas dynamics, derived from the linearized Boltzmann equation, is developed in an unified approach, to the BGK model, S model, GJ model and MRS model. In the search for solutions to solve the problem of Thermal Creep with kernel of the Cercignani-Lampis, we used a analytical version of the discrete ordinates method (ADO) based on an arbitrary quadrature scheme, under which is determined a problem of eigenvalues and their respective separation constants. Numerical results are developed by the computer program FORTRAN. (author)

  16. IMPSOR, 3-D Boundary Problems Solution for Thermal Conductivity Calculation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wilson, D.G.; Williams, M.A.

    1994-01-01

    1 - Description of program or function: IMPSOR implements finite difference methods for multidimensional moving boundary problems with Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions. The geometry of the spatial domain is a rectangular parallelepiped with dimensions specified by the user. Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions may be specified on each face of the box independently. The user defines the initial and boundary conditions as well as the thermal and physical properties of the problem and several parameters for the numerical method, e.g. degree of implicitness, time-step size. 2 - Method of solution: The spatial domain is partitioned and the governing equation discretized, which yields a nonlinear system of equations at each time-step. This nonlinear system is solved using a successive over-relaxation (SOR) algorithm. For a given node, the previous iteration's temperature and thermal conductivity values are used for advanced points with current values at previous points. This constitutes a Gauss-Seidel iteration. Most of the computing time used by the numerical method is spent in the iterative solution of the nonlinear system. The SOR scheme employed is designed to accommodate vectorization on a Cray X-MP. 3 - Restrictions on the complexity of the problem: Maximum of 70,000 nodes

  17. Parametrices and exact paralinearisation of semi-linear boundary problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnsen, Jon

    The subject is parametrices for semi-linear problems, based on parametrices for linear boundary problems and on non-linearities that decompose into solution-dependent linear operators acting on the solutions. Non-linearities of product type are shown to admit this via exact paralinearisation....... The parametrices give regularity properties under weak conditions; improvements in subdomains result from pseudo-locality of type 1,1-operators. The framework encompasses a broad class of boundary problems in Hölder and Lp -Sobolev spaces (and also Besov and Lizorkin-Triebel spaces). The Besov analyses...... of homogeneous distributions, tensor products and halfspace extensions have been revised. Examples include the von Karman equation....

  18. Computing Evans functions numerically via boundary-value problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Blake; Nguyen, Rose; Sandstede, Björn; Ventura, Nathaniel; Wahl, Colin

    2018-03-01

    The Evans function has been used extensively to study spectral stability of travelling-wave solutions in spatially extended partial differential equations. To compute Evans functions numerically, several shooting methods have been developed. In this paper, an alternative scheme for the numerical computation of Evans functions is presented that relies on an appropriate boundary-value problem formulation. Convergence of the algorithm is proved, and several examples, including the computation of eigenvalues for a multi-dimensional problem, are given. The main advantage of the scheme proposed here compared with earlier methods is that the scheme is linear and scalable to large problems.

  19. On nonlinear inverse problems of heat transfer with radiation boundary conditions : application to dehydratation of gypsum plasterboards exposed to fire.

    OpenAIRE

    Belmiloudi , Aziz; Mahé , Fabrice

    2014-01-01

    International audience; The paper investigates boundary optimal controls and parameter estimates to the well-posedness nonlinear model of dehydration of thermic problems. We summarize the general formulations for the boundary control for initial-boundary value problem for nonlinear partial differential equations modeling the heat transfer and derive necessary optimality conditions, including the adjoint equation, for the optimal set of parameters minimizing objective functions J. Numerical si...

  20. Analytic Solution to Shell Boundary – Value Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. I. Vinogradov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Object of research is to find analytical solution to the shell boundary – value problems, i.e. to consider the solution for a class of problems concerning the mechanics of hoop closed shells strain.The objective of work is to create an analytical method to define a stress – strain state of shells under non-axisymmetric loading. Thus, a main goal is to derive the formulas – solutions of the linear ordinary differential equations with variable continuous coefficients.The partial derivative differential equations of mechanics of shells strain by Fourier's method of variables division are reduced to the system of the differential equations with ordinary derivatives. The paper presents the obtained formulas to define solutions of the uniform differential equations and received on their basis formulas to define a particular solution depending on a type of the right parts of the differential equations.The analytical algorithm of the solution of a boundary task uses an approach to transfer the boundary conditions to the randomly chosen point of an interval of changing independent variable through the solution of the canonical matrix ordinary differential equation with the subsequent solution of system of algebraic equations for compatibility of boundary conditions at this point. Efficiency of algorithm is based on the fact that the solution of the ordinary differential equations is defined as the values of Cauchy – Krylova functions, which meet initial arbitrary conditions.The results of researches presented in work are useful to experts in the field of calculus mathematics, dealing with solution of systems of linear ordinary differential equations and creation of effective analytical computing methods to solve shell boundary – value problems.

  1. A problem of atomic diffusion in a moving boundary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bezerra, M.C.C.

    1985-01-01

    It is analysed the convergence of a numerical scheme for calculating approximate solutions of a model used for evaluating concentration of atoms in a diffusion process in the walls of nuclear reactors. The ion trapping process is admitted to be reversible and the wall corrosion process is also considered in the model so that must deal with a moving boundary. Some conditions for the motion of the boundary are established in such a way that convergence can be assured in more general settings than those of previous papers. (Author) [pt

  2. On SLE Martingales in Boundary WZW Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alekseev, Anton; Bytsko, Andrei; Izyurov, Konstantin

    2011-09-01

    Following Bettelheim et al. (Phys Rev Lett 95:251601, 2005), we consider the boundary WZW model on a half-plane with a cut growing according to the Schramm-Loewner stochastic evolution and the boundary fields inserted at the tip of the cut and at infinity. We study necessary and sufficient conditions for boundary correlation functions to be SLE martingales. Necessary conditions come from the requirement for the boundary field at the tip of the cut to have a depth two null vector. Sufficient conditions are established using Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations for boundary correlators. Combining these two approaches, we show that in the case of G = SU(2) the boundary correlator is an SLE martingale if and only if the boundary field carries spin 1/2. In the case of G = SU( n) and the level k = 1, there are several situations when boundary one-point correlators are SLE κ -martingales. If the boundary field is labelled by the defining n-dimensional representation of SU( n), we obtain {\\varkappa=2} . For n even, by choosing the boundary field labelled by the (unique) self-adjoint fundamental representation, we get {\\varkappa=8/(n {+} 2)} . We also study the situation when the distance between the two boundary fields is finite, and we show that in this case the {SLE_\\varkappa} evolution is replaced by {SLE_{\\varkappa,ρ}} with {ρ=\\varkappa -6}.

  3. A formulation with boundary integrals and solution optimization for a heat transfer inverse problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Honorio, Mario C.F.; Bezerra, Luciano M.

    1997-01-01

    This paper presents a boundary integral formulation in conjunction with optimization techniques for the solution of inverse thermal design problems. In this type of problems, sometimes it is necessary to determine the appropriate position and shape of an internal cooling/heating channel inside an object so that reference thermal boundary values could be obtained on the outer surface. An initial feasible position of the channel is first guessed by the user. The channel is defined in terms of design variables. The formulation tries to minimize an objective function which measures the difference between model and reference data. The program attempts to minimize the objective function in order to meet the over specified thermal boundary conditions on the outer surface. This minimization or optimization problem is a constrained problem since the cooling/heating channel must be inside the object. In the optimization process, the holes position is iteratively changed. Although more complex in terms of mathematical formulation. the boundary element method is particularly suited for this type of problem involving constant mesh updates. The Boundary Element Method formulation calculates the thermal response which is compared with reference data. The quasi-Newton search algorithm used for objective function optimization needs the response sensitivities with respect to the design variables. The sensitivities are calculated by finite differences and by implicit differentiation of the boundary element equations. Some numerical results are presented and discussed. (author). 10 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs

  4. Parametrices and exact paralinearization of semi-linear boundary problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnsen, Jon

    2008-01-01

    . The parametrices give regularity properties under weak conditions; improvements in subdomains result from pseudo-locality of type 1,1-operators. The framework encompasses a broad class of boundary problems in H lder and Lp-Sobolev spaces (and also Besov and Lizorkin-Triebel spaces). The Besov analyses...... of homogeneous distributions, tensor products and halfspace extensions have been revised. Examples include the von Karman equation....

  5. Finite difference numerical methods for boundary control problems governed by hyperbolic partial differential equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, G.; Zheng, Q.; Coleman, M.; Weerakoon, S.

    1983-01-01

    This paper briefly reviews convergent finite difference schemes for hyperbolic initial boundary value problems and their applications to boundary control systems of hyperbolic type which arise in the modelling of vibrations. These difference schemes are combined with the primal and the dual approaches to compute the optimal control in the unconstrained case, as well as the case when the control is subject to inequality constraints. Some of the preliminary numerical results are also presented.

  6. Boundary element method solution for large scale cathodic protection problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodopoulos, D. C.; Gortsas, T. V.; Tsinopoulos, S. V.; Polyzos, D.

    2017-12-01

    Cathodic protection techniques are widely used for avoiding corrosion sequences in offshore structures. The Boundary Element Method (BEM) is an ideal method for solving such problems because requires only the meshing of the boundary and not the whole domain of the electrolyte as the Finite Element Method does. This advantage becomes more pronounced in cathodic protection systems since electrochemical reactions occur mainly on the surface of the metallic structure. The present work aims to solve numerically a sacrificial cathodic protection problem for a large offshore platform. The solution of that large-scale problem is accomplished by means of “PITHIA Software” a BEM package enhanced by Hierarchical Matrices (HM) and Adaptive Cross Approximation (ACA) techniques that accelerate drastically the computations and reduce memory requirements. The nonlinear polarization curves for steel and aluminium in seawater are employed as boundary condition for the under protection metallic surfaces and aluminium anodes, respectively. The potential as well as the current density at all the surface of the platform are effectively evaluated and presented.

  7. Solution of higher order boundary value problems by spline methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaurasia, Anju; Srivastava, P. C.; Gupta, Yogesh

    2017-10-01

    Spline solution of Boundary Value Problems has received much attention in recent years. It has proven to be a powerful tool due to the ease of use and quality of results. This paper concerns with the survey of methods that try to approximate the solution of higher order BVPs using various spline functions. The purpose of this article is to thrash out the problems as well as conclusions, reached by the numerous authors in the related field. We critically assess many important relevant papers, published in reputed journals during last six years.

  8. The turbulent boundary layer and the closure problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persen, L. N.

    1980-01-01

    Previous attempts to establish a proper phenomenological relation for turbulent flows are reviewed followed by a suggested approach to the problem in the case of a turbulent boundary layer. An attempt is made at showing the extreme flexibility that such a relation must exhibit if it is to account for effects of outside conditions and pre-history of the flow. By selecting proper 'inner variables' as parameters and properly characterizing the outer flow it is shown how a sufficiently general phenomenological relation can be established and how the closure problem may thus be considered in a different perspective.

  9. Modelling stable atmospheric boundary layers over snow

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sterk, H.A.M.

    2015-01-01

    Thesis entitled:

    Modelling Stable Atmospheric Boundary Layers over Snow

    H.A.M. Sterk

    Wageningen, 29th of April, 2015

    Summary

    The emphasis of this thesis is on the understanding and forecasting of the Stable Boundary Layer (SBL) over snow-covered surfaces. SBLs

  10. Modelling stable atmospheric boundary layers over snow

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sterk, H.A.M.

    2015-01-01

    Thesis entitled: Modelling Stable Atmospheric Boundary Layers over Snow H.A.M. Sterk Wageningen, 29th of April, 2015 Summary The emphasis of this thesis is on the understanding and forecasting of the Stable Boundary Layer (SBL) over snow-covered surfaces. SBLs typically form at night and in polar

  11. Combinatorial aspects of boundary loop models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lykke Jacobsen, Jesper; Saleur, Hubert

    2008-01-01

    We discuss in this paper combinatorial aspects of boundary loop models, that is models of self-avoiding loops on a strip where loops get different weights depending on whether they touch the left, the right, both or no boundary. These models are described algebraically by a generalization of the Temperley–Lieb algebra, dubbed the two-boundary TL algebra. We give results for the dimensions of TL representations and the corresponding degeneracies in the partition functions. We interpret these results in terms of fusion and in the light of the recently uncovered A n large symmetry present in loop models, paving the way for the analysis of the conformal field theory properties. Finally, we propose conjectures for determinants of Gram matrices in all cases, including the two-boundary one, which has recently been discussed by de Gier and Nichols

  12. Free-boundary models of a meltwater conduit

    KAUST Repository

    Dallaston, Michael C.

    2014-08-01

    © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. We analyse the cross-sectional evolution of an englacial meltwater conduit that contracts due to inward creep of the surrounding ice and expands due to melting. Making use of theoretical methods from free-boundary problems in Stokes flow and Hele-Shaw squeeze flow we construct an exact solution to the coupled problem of external viscous creep and internal heating, in which we adopt a Newtonian approximation for ice flow and an idealized uniform heat source in the conduit. This problem provides an interesting variant on standard free-boundary problems, coupling different internal and external problems through the kinematic condition at the interface. The boundary in the exact solution takes the form of an ellipse that may contract or expand (depending on the magnitudes of effective pressure and heating rate) around fixed focal points. Linear stability analysis reveals that without the melting this solution is unstable to perturbations in the shape. Melting can stabilize the interface unless the aspect ratio is too small; in that case, instabilities grow largest at the thin ends of the ellipse. The predictions are corroborated with numerical solutions using boundary integral techniques. Finally, a number of extensions to the idealized model are considered, showing that a contracting circular conduit is unstable to all modes of perturbation if melting occurs at a uniform rate around the boundary, or if the ice is modelled as a shear-thinning fluid.

  13. OpenMP for 3D potential boundary value problems solved by PIES

    Science.gov (United States)

    KuŻelewski, Andrzej; Zieniuk, Eugeniusz

    2016-06-01

    The main purpose of this paper is examination of an application of modern parallel computing technique OpenMP to speed up the calculation in the numerical solution of parametric integral equations systems (PIES). The authors noticed, that solving more complex boundary problems by PIES sometimes requires large computing time. This paper presents the use of OpenMP and fast C++ linear algebra library Armadillo for boundary value problems modelled by 3D Laplace's equation and solved using PIES. The testing example shows that the use of mentioned technologies significantly increases speed of calculations in PIES.

  14. System, subsystem, hive: boundary problems in computational theories of consciousness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomer Fekete

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available A computational theory of consciousness should include a quantitative measure of consciousness, or MoC, that (i would reveal to what extent a given system is conscious, (ii would make it possible to compare not only different systems, but also the same system at different times, and (iii would be graded, because so is consciousness. However, unless its design is properly constrained, such an MoC gives rise to what we call the boundary problem: an MoC that labels a system as conscious will do so for some – perhaps most – of its subsystems, as well as for irrelevantly extended systems (e.g., the original system augmented with physical appendages that contribute nothing to the properties supposedly supporting consciousness, and for aggregates of individually conscious systems (e.g., groups of people. This problem suggests that the properties that are being measured are epiphenomenal to consciousness, or else it implies a bizarre proliferation of minds. We propose that a solution to the boundary problem can be found by identifying properties that are intrinsic or systemic: properties that clearly differentiate between systems whose existence is a matter of fact, as opposed to those whose existence is a matter of interpretation (in the eye of the beholder. We argue that if a putative MoC can be shown to be systemic, this ipso facto resolves any associated boundary issues. As test cases, we analyze two recent theories of consciousness in light of our definitions: the Integrated Information Theory and the Geometric Theory of consciousness.

  15. Multi-layer potentials and boundary problems for higher-order elliptic systems in Lipschitz domains

    CERN Document Server

    Mitrea, Irina

    2013-01-01

    Many phenomena in engineering and mathematical physics can be modeled by means of boundary value problems for a certain elliptic differential operator in a given domain. When the differential operator under discussion is of second order a variety of tools are available for dealing with such problems, including boundary integral methods, variational methods, harmonic measure techniques, and methods based on classical harmonic analysis. When the differential operator is of higher-order (as is the case, e.g., with anisotropic plate bending when one deals with a fourth order operator) only a few options could be successfully implemented. In the 1970s Alberto Calderón, one of the founders of the modern theory of Singular Integral Operators, advocated the use of layer potentials for the treatment of higher-order elliptic boundary value problems. The present monograph represents the first systematic treatment based on this approach. This research monograph lays, for the first time, the mathematical foundation aimed...

  16. Periodic boundary value problems of second order random differential equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bapurao Dhage

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an existence and the existence of extremal random solutions are proved for a periodic boundary value problem of second order ordinary random differential equations. Our investigations have been placed in the space of real-valued functions defined and continuous on closed and bounded intervals of real line together with the applications of the random version of a nonlinear alternative of Leray-Schauder type and an algebraic random fixed point theorem of Dhage. An example is also indicated for demonstrating the realizations of the abstract theory developed in this paper.

  17. Partial differential equations and boundary-value problems with applications

    CERN Document Server

    Pinsky, Mark A

    2011-01-01

    Building on the basic techniques of separation of variables and Fourier series, the book presents the solution of boundary-value problems for basic partial differential equations: the heat equation, wave equation, and Laplace equation, considered in various standard coordinate systems-rectangular, cylindrical, and spherical. Each of the equations is derived in the three-dimensional context; the solutions are organized according to the geometry of the coordinate system, which makes the mathematics especially transparent. Bessel and Legendre functions are studied and used whenever appropriate th

  18. A free-boundary value problem related to auto ignition of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We examine a free boundary value problem related to auto ignition of combustible fluid in insulation materials. The criteria for the existence of similarity solution of the model equations are established. The conditions for the existence of unique solution are also stated. The numerical results which show the influence of ...

  19. An improved local remeshing algorithm for moving boundary problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianjing Zheng

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Three issues are tackled in this study to improve the robustness of local remeshing techniques. Firstly, the local remeshing region (hereafter referred to as ‘hole’ is initialized by removing low-quality elements and then continuously expanded until a certain element quality is reached after remeshing. The effect of the number of the expansion cycle on the hole size and element quality after remeshing is experimentally analyzed. Secondly, the grid sources for element size control are attached to moving bodies and will move along with their host bodies to ensure reasonable grid resolution inside the hole. Thirdly, the boundary recovery procedure of a Delaunay grid generation approach is enhanced by a new grid topology transformation technique (namely shell transformation so that the new grid created inside the hole is therefore free of elements of extremely deformed/skewed shape, whilst also respecting the hole boundary. The proposed local remeshing algorithm has been integrated with an in-house unstructured grid-based simulation system for solving moving boundary problems. The robustness and accuracy of the developed local remeshing technique are successfully demonstrated via industry-scale applications for complex flow simulations.

  20. A monotone iterative method for boundary value problems of parametric differential equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinzhi Liu

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies boundary value problems for parametric differential equations. By using the method of upper and lower solutions, monotone sequences are constructed and proved to converge to the extremal solutions of the boundary value problem.

  1. Boundary value problem in the theory of Ginzburg-Landau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boutet de Monvel-Berthier, A.M.; Georgescu, V.; Purice, R.

    1988-06-01

    We study an elliptic problem related to the Ginzburg-Landau model for the supraconductivity. We reduce the problem to a two-dimensional problem with an infinite dimensional symmetry group. We define the topological degree of a function of class H/sup 1/2/ and modulus one, defined on a plane curve diffeomorphic to a circle. We study the topological structure of the configuration space.

  2. Dirichlet-Neumann bracketing for boundary-value problems on graphs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja Currie

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available We consider the spectral structure of second order boundary-value problems on graphs. A variational formulation for boundary-value problems on graphs is given. As a consequence we can formulate an analogue of Dirichlet-Neumann bracketing for boundary-value problems on graphs. This in turn gives rise to eigenvalue and eigenfunction asymptotic approximations.

  3. Existence of solutions to boundary value problem of fractional differential equations with impulsive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weihua JIANG

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to solve the boundary value problem of fractional impulsive differential equations with countable impulses and integral boundary conditions on the half line, the existence of solutions to the boundary problem is specifically studied. By defining suitable Banach spaces, norms and operators, using the properties of fractional calculus and applying the contraction mapping principle and Krasnoselskii's fixed point theorem, the existence of solutions for the boundary value problem of fractional impulsive differential equations with countable impulses and integral boundary conditions on the half line is proved, and examples are given to illustrate the existence of solutions to this kind of equation boundary value problems.

  4. Singular perturbation for nonlinear boundary-value problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Ling

    1979-01-01

    studied. The problem is a model arising in nuclear energy distribution. For large values of the parameter, the differential equations are of the singular-perturbation type and approximations are constructed by the method of matched asymptotic expansions.

  5. Simulation of Thermal Flow Problems via a Hybrid Immersed Boundary-Lattice Boltzmann Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Wu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A hybrid immersed boundary-lattice Boltzmann method (IB-LBM is presented in this work to simulate the thermal flow problems. In current approach, the flow field is resolved by using our recently developed boundary condition-enforced IB-LBM (Wu and Shu, (2009. The nonslip boundary condition on the solid boundary is enforced in simulation. At the same time, to capture the temperature development, the conventional energy equation is resolved. To model the effect of immersed boundary on temperature field, the heat source term is introduced. Different from previous studies, the heat source term is set as unknown rather than predetermined. Inspired by the idea in (Wu and Shu, (2009, the unknown is calculated in such a way that the temperature at the boundary interpolated from the corrected temperature field accurately satisfies the thermal boundary condition. In addition, based on the resolved temperature correction, an efficient way to compute the local and average Nusselt numbers is also proposed in this work. As compared with traditional implementation, no approximation for temperature gradients is required. To validate the present method, the numerical simulations of forced convection are carried out. The obtained results show good agreement with data in the literature.

  6. A class of renormalised meshless Laplacians for boundary value problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basic, Josip; Degiuli, Nastia; Ban, Dario

    2018-02-01

    A meshless approach to approximating spatial derivatives on scattered point arrangements is presented in this paper. Three various derivations of approximate discrete Laplace operator formulations are produced using the Taylor series expansion and renormalised least-squares correction of the first spatial derivatives. Numerical analyses are performed for the introduced Laplacian formulations, and their convergence rate and computational efficiency are examined. The tests are conducted on regular and highly irregular scattered point arrangements. The results are compared to those obtained by the smoothed particle hydrodynamics method and the finite differences method on a regular grid. Finally, the strong form of various Poisson and diffusion equations with Dirichlet or Robin boundary conditions are solved in two and three dimensions by making use of the introduced operators in order to examine their stability and accuracy for boundary value problems. The introduced Laplacian operators perform well for highly irregular point distribution and offer adequate accuracy for mesh and mesh-free numerical methods that require frequent movement of the grid or point cloud.

  7. Chebyshev-Fourier Spectral Methods for Nonperiodic Boundary Value Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Orel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A new class of spectral methods for solving two-point boundary value problems for linear ordinary differential equations is presented in the paper. Although these methods are based on trigonometric functions, they can be used for solving periodic as well as nonperiodic problems. Instead of using basis functions periodic on a given interval −1,1, we use functions periodic on a wider interval. The numerical solution of the given problem is sought in terms of the half-range Chebyshev-Fourier (HCF series, a reorganization of the classical Fourier series using half-range Chebyshev polynomials of the first and second kind which were first introduced by Huybrechs (2010 and further analyzed by Orel and Perne (2012. The numerical solution is constructed as a HCF series via differentiation and multiplication matrices. Moreover, the construction of the method, error analysis, convergence results, and some numerical examples are presented in the paper. The decay of the maximal absolute error according to the truncation number N for the new class of Chebyshev-Fourier-collocation (CFC methods is compared to the decay of the error for the standard class of Chebyshev-collocation (CC methods.

  8. The boundary value problem for discrete analytic functions

    KAUST Repository

    Skopenkov, Mikhail

    2013-06-01

    This paper is on further development of discrete complex analysis introduced by R.Isaacs, J.Ferrand, R.Duffin, and C.Mercat. We consider a graph lying in the complex plane and having quadrilateral faces. A function on the vertices is called discrete analytic, if for each face the difference quotients along the two diagonals are equal.We prove that the Dirichlet boundary value problem for the real part of a discrete analytic function has a unique solution. In the case when each face has orthogonal diagonals we prove that this solution uniformly converges to a harmonic function in the scaling limit. This solves a problem of S.Smirnov from 2010. This was proved earlier by R.Courant-K.Friedrichs-H.Lewy and L.Lusternik for square lattices, by D.Chelkak-S.Smirnov and implicitly by P.G.Ciarlet-P.-A.Raviart for rhombic lattices.In particular, our result implies uniform convergence of the finite element method on Delaunay triangulations. This solves a problem of A.Bobenko from 2011. The methodology is based on energy estimates inspired by alternating-current network theory. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

  9. Vertical and horizontal spheroidal boundary-value problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šprlák, Michal; Tangdamrongsub, Natthachet

    2017-12-01

    Vertical and horizontal spheroidal boundary-value problems (BVPs), i.e., determination of the external gravitational potential from the components of the gravitational gradient on the spheroid, are discussed in this article. The gravitational gradient is decomposed into the series of the vertical and horizontal vector spheroidal harmonics, before being orthogonalized in a weighted sense by two different approaches. The vertical and horizontal spheroidal BVPs are then formulated and solved in the spectral and spatial domains. Both orthogonalization methods provide the same analytical solutions for the vertical spheroidal BVP, and give distinct, but equivalent, analytical solutions for the horizontal spheroidal BVP. A closed-loop simulation is performed to test the correctness of the analytical solutions, and we investigate analytical properties of the sub-integral kernels. The systematic treatment of the spheroidal BVPs and the resulting mathematical equations extend the theoretical apparatus of geodesy and of the potential theory.

  10. Partial differential equations & boundary value problems with Maple

    CERN Document Server

    Articolo, George A

    2009-01-01

    Partial Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems with Maple presents all of the material normally covered in a standard course on partial differential equations, while focusing on the natural union between this material and the powerful computational software, Maple. The Maple commands are so intuitive and easy to learn, students can learn what they need to know about the software in a matter of hours- an investment that provides substantial returns. Maple''s animation capabilities allow students and practitioners to see real-time displays of the solutions of partial differential equations.  Maple files can be found on the books website. Ancillary list: Maple files- http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780123747327  Provides a quick overview of the software w/simple commands needed to get startedIncludes review material on linear algebra and Ordinary Differential equations, and their contribution in solving partial differential equationsIncorporates an early introduction to Sturm-L...

  11. Robust Wavelet Estimation to Eliminate Simultaneously the Effects of Boundary Problems, Outliers, and Correlated Noise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alsaidi M. Altaher

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Classical wavelet thresholding methods suffer from boundary problems caused by the application of the wavelet transformations to a finite signal. As a result, large bias at the edges and artificial wiggles occur when the classical boundary assumptions are not satisfied. Although polynomial wavelet regression and local polynomial wavelet regression effectively reduce the risk of this problem, the estimates from these two methods can be easily affected by the presence of correlated noise and outliers, giving inaccurate estimates. This paper introduces two robust methods in which the effects of boundary problems, outliers, and correlated noise are simultaneously taken into account. The proposed methods combine thresholding estimator with either a local polynomial model or a polynomial model using the generalized least squares method instead of the ordinary one. A primary step that involves removing the outlying observations through a statistical function is considered as well. The practical performance of the proposed methods has been evaluated through simulation experiments and real data examples. The results are strong evidence that the proposed method is extremely effective in terms of correcting the boundary bias and eliminating the effects of outliers and correlated noise.

  12. Boundary-Transmission Problems for Acoustics in Mixed Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khashanah, Khaldoun M.

    This thesis is a study of acoustic wave propagation in fluid, elastic and poro-elastic media in general and it is a study of underwater acoustics with an interacting seabed in specific. In the first chapter we transform the equations describing acoustic wave propagation in a fluid, elastic, and poro-elastic medium to implement the Thompson-Haskell technique in solving the boundary-transmission problem. The Hankel transform of the equations of elasticity and poro-elasticity is a generalization of the work of Ahluwalia and Keller in fluid acoustics. The fundamental properties of the Biot equations are investigated and new results are proved. These results are essential starting points for potential theory of poro -elasticity. The Biot operator is shown to be elliptic in the sense of Douglas and Nirenberg; moreover, we calculate the fundamental solution to the Biot equations of acoustics. In the last chapter, we investigate the problem using the method of singular perturbations to calculate an approximate Green's function for the combined ocean -seabed system.

  13. Introduction to Mathematical Physics. Calculus of Variations and Boundary-value Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Adamyan, V. M.; Sushko, M. Ya.

    2013-01-01

    This book considers posing and the methods of solving simple linear boundary-value problems in classical mathematical physics. The questions encompassed include: the fundamentals of calculus of variations; one-dimensional boundary-value problems in the oscillation and heat conduction theories, with a detailed analysis of the Sturm-Liouville boundary-value problem and substantiation of the Fourier method; sample solutions of the corresponding problems in two and three dimensions, with essentia...

  14. Explicit boundary form factors: The scaling Lee–Yang model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hollo, L. [MTA Lendület Holographic QFT Group, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, P.O.B. 49, H-1525 Budapest 114 (Hungary); Laczko, Z.B. [Roland Eötvös University, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/A, 1117 Budapest (Hungary); Bajnok, Z. [MTA Lendület Holographic QFT Group, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, P.O.B. 49, H-1525 Budapest 114 (Hungary)

    2014-09-15

    We provide explicit expressions for boundary form factors in the boundary scaling Lee–Yang model for operators with the mildest ultraviolet behavior for all integrable boundary conditions. The form factors of the boundary stress tensor take a determinant form, while the form factors of the boundary primary field contain additional explicit polynomials.

  15. On a boundary layer problem related to the gas flow in shales

    KAUST Repository

    Barenblatt, G. I.

    2013-01-16

    The development of gas deposits in shales has become a significant energy resource. Despite the already active exploitation of such deposits, a mathematical model for gas flow in shales does not exist. Such a model is crucial for optimizing the technology of gas recovery. In the present article, a boundary layer problem is formulated and investigated with respect to gas recovery from porous low-permeability inclusions in shales, which are the basic source of gas. Milton Van Dyke was a great master in the field of boundary layer problems. Dedicating this work to his memory, we want to express our belief that Van Dyke\\'s profound ideas and fundamental book Perturbation Methods in Fluid Mechanics (Parabolic Press, 1975) will live on-also in fields very far from the subjects for which they were originally invented. © 2013 US Government.

  16. Mathematical and numerical study of nonlinear boundary problems related to plasma physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sermange, M.

    1982-06-01

    After the study of some equations based on the Hodgkin-Huxley model, the work presented here is concerned with nonlinear boundary problems in MHD. They are gathered in two subjects: equilibrium equations and stability equations. The axisymmetric MHD equilibrium equations with free boundary have been studied by different authors, particularly the existence, regularity, unicity and non-unicity. Here, bifurcation, convergence of calculation methods existence of solutions in a discontinuous frame are studied. MHD stability can be determined by the principle of Bernstein et al; the mathematical work concerned here bears on the equivalence, in the case of two-dimensional or axisymmetric stability, between this model and a scalar eigenvalue problem which is introduced. At last, modules for computing MHD equilibrium for the simulation of plasma confinement in a tokamak are described [fr

  17. A coupled BEM-FEM method for finite strain magneto-elastic boundary-value problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nedjar, B.

    2017-05-01

    The first objective of this contribution is the formulation of nonlinear problems in magneto-elasticity involving finite geometry of the surrounding free space. More specifically for the magnetic part of the problem, the surrounding free space is described by means of a boundary integral equation for which boundary elements are used that are appropriately coupled with the finite element discretization used inside the material. The second objective is to develop a numerical strategy to solve the strongly coupled magneto-mechanics problem at hand. Herein we provide a staggered scheme consisting of a magnetostatic resolution employing the above coupled BEM-FEM procedure at fixed deformation, followed by a mechanical resolution at fixed magnetic fields. This decoupled method renders the whole solution strategy very appealing since, among others, the first BEM-FEM resolution is linear for some prototype models, and the remaining mechanical resolution is analogous to nowadays classical nonlinear elastostatic problems in the finite strain range. Some nonlinear boundary-value problems are simulated to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed framework.

  18. Problem of the Moving Boundary in Continuous Casting Solved by The Analytic-Numerical Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grzymkowski R.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Mathematical modeling of thermal processes combined with the reversible phase transitions of type: solid phase - liquid phase leads to formulation of the parabolic or elliptic moving boundary problem. Solution of such defined problem requires, most often, to use some sophisticated numerical techniques and far advanced mathematical tools. The paper presents an analytic-numerical method, especially attractive from the engineer’s point of view, applied for finding the approximate solutions of the selected class of problems which can be reduced to the one-phase solidification problem of a plate with the unknown a priori, varying in time boundary of the region in which the solution is sought. Proposed method is based on the known formalism of initial expansion of a sought function, describing the field of temperature, into the power series, some coefficients of which are determined with the aid of boundary conditions, and on the approximation of a function defining the freezing front location with the broken line, parameters of which are determined numerically. The method represents a combination of the analytical and numerical techniques and seems to be an effective and relatively easy in using tool for solving problems of considered kind.

  19. Problem of the Moving Boundary in Continuous Casting Solved by the Analytic-Numerical Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Grzymkowski

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Mathematical modeling of thermal processes combined with the reversible phase transitions of type: solid phase – liquid phase leads to formulation of the parabolic or elliptic moving boundary problem. Solution of such defined problem requires, most often, to use some sophisticated numerical techniques and far advanced mathematical tools. The paper presents an analytic-numerical method, especially attractive from the engineer’s point of view, applied for finding the approximate solutions of the selected class of problems which can be reduced to the one-phase solidification problem of a plate with the unknown a priori, varying in time boundary of the region in which the solution is sought. Proposed method is based on the known formalism of initial expansion of a sought function, describing the field of temperature, into the power series, some coefficients of which are determined with the aid of boundary conditions, and on the approximation of a function defining the freezing front location with the broken line, parameters of which are determined numerically. The method represents a combination of the analytical and numerical techniques and seems to be an effective and relatively easy in using tool for solving problems of considered kind.

  20. Solution of a Problem Linear Plane Elasticity with Mixed Boundary Conditions by the Method of Boundary Integrals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nahed S. Hussein

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A numerical boundary integral scheme is proposed for the solution to the system of …eld equations of plane. The stresses are prescribed on one-half of the circle, while the displacements are given. The considered problem with mixed boundary conditions in the circle is replaced by two problems with homogeneous boundary conditions, one of each type, having a common solution. The equations are reduced to a system of boundary integral equations, which is then discretized in the usual way, and the problem at this stage is reduced to the solution to a rectangular linear system of algebraic equations. The unknowns in this system of equations are the boundary values of four harmonic functions which define the full elastic solution and the unknown boundary values of stresses or displacements on proper parts of the boundary. On the basis of the obtained results, it is inferred that a stress component has a singularity at each of the two separation points, thought to be of logarithmic type. The results are discussed and boundary plots are given. We have also calculated the unknown functions in the bulk directly from the given boundary conditions using the boundary collocation method. The obtained results in the bulk are discussed and three-dimensional plots are given. A tentative form for the singular solution is proposed and the corresponding singular stresses and displacements are plotted in the bulk. The form of the singular tangential stress is seen to be compatible with the boundary values obtained earlier. The efficiency of the used numerical schemes is discussed.

  1. Positive Solutions of Two-Point Boundary Value Problems for Monge-Ampère Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baoqiang Yan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers the following boundary value problem: ((-u'(tn'=ntn-1f(u(t,  01 is odd. We establish the method of lower and upper solutions for some boundary value problems which generalizes the above equations and using this method we present a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of positive solutions to the above boundary value problem and some sufficient conditions for the existence of positive solutions.

  2. Mapping physical problems on fractals onto boundary value problems within continuum framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balankin, Alexander S.

    2018-01-01

    In this Letter, we emphasize that methods of fractal homogenization should take into account a loop structure of the fractal, as well as its connectivity and geodesic metric. The fractal attributes can be quantified by a set of dimension numbers. Accordingly, physical problems on fractals can be mapped onto the boundary values problems in the fractional-dimensional space with metric induced by the fractal topology. The solutions of these problems represent analytical envelopes of non-analytical functions defined on the fractal. Some examples are briefly discussed. The interplay between effects of fractal connectivity, loop structure, and mass distributions on electromagnetic fields in fractal media is highlighted. The effects of fractal connectivity, geodesic metric, and loop structure are outlined.

  3. New formulations on the finite element method for boundary value problems with internal/external boundary layers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pereira, Luis Carlos Martins

    1998-06-01

    New Petrov-Galerkin formulations on the finite element methods for convection-diffusion problems with boundary layers are presented. Such formulations are based on a consistent new theory on discontinuous finite element methods. Existence and uniqueness of solutions for these problems in the new finite element spaces are demonstrated. Some numerical experiments shows how the new formulation operate and also their efficacy. (author)

  4. Lie symmetries and reductions of multi-dimensional boundary value problems of the Stefan type

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherniha, Roman; Kovalenko, Sergii

    2011-12-01

    A new definition of Lie invariance for nonlinear multi-dimensional boundary value problems (BVPs) is proposed by the generalization of known definitions to much wider classes of BVPs. The class of (1+3)-dimensional nonlinear BVPs of the Stefan type, modeling the process of melting and evaporation of metals, is studied in detail. Using the definition proposed, the group classification problem for this class of BVPs is solved and some reductions (with physical meaning) to BVPs of lower dimensionality are made. Examples of how to construct exact solutions of the (1+3)-dimensional nonlinear BVP with the correctly specified coefficients are presented.

  5. Problems in Cybersemiotic Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brier, Søren

    2014-01-01

    on the basis of the evolutionary semiotics paradigm of C.S. Peirce . Semiotics underlines realism more, but is also relational in its whole project. In Cybersemiotics the autopoietic model in integrated in the Peircean framework which is of a far greater scope than autopoiesis. Thus in Cybersemiotic we have...... Uexküll’s cybernetic-behavioral model, which has the problem of being placed in a Platonic, static worldview. The Umwelt of an animal is a construction limited of its functional realism of survival. It is connected to the species. 2. Ture von Uexküll and Søren Brier both realized that Maturana and Varela...

  6. Iterative method for solving a problem with mixed boundary conditions for biharmonic equation arising in fracture mechanics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dang Quang A

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we consider a mixed boundary value problem for biharmonic equation of the Airy stress function which models a crack problem of a solid elastic plate. An iterative method for reducing the problem to a sequence of mixed problems for Poisson equations is proposed and investigated. The convergence of the method is established theoretically and illustrated on many numerical experiments.

  7. An updated digital model of plate boundaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Peter

    2003-03-01

    A global set of present plate boundaries on the Earth is presented in digital form. Most come from sources in the literature. A few boundaries are newly interpreted from topography, volcanism, and/or seismicity, taking into account relative plate velocities from magnetic anomalies, moment tensor solutions, and/or geodesy. In addition to the 14 large plates whose motion was described by the NUVEL-1A poles (Africa, Antarctica, Arabia, Australia, Caribbean, Cocos, Eurasia, India, Juan de Fuca, Nazca, North America, Pacific, Philippine Sea, South America), model PB2002 includes 38 small plates (Okhotsk, Amur, Yangtze, Okinawa, Sunda, Burma, Molucca Sea, Banda Sea, Timor, Birds Head, Maoke, Caroline, Mariana, North Bismarck, Manus, South Bismarck, Solomon Sea, Woodlark, New Hebrides, Conway Reef, Balmoral Reef, Futuna, Niuafo'ou, Tonga, Kermadec, Rivera, Galapagos, Easter, Juan Fernandez, Panama, North Andes, Altiplano, Shetland, Scotia, Sandwich, Aegean Sea, Anatolia, Somalia), for a total of 52 plates. No attempt is made to divide the Alps-Persia-Tibet mountain belt, the Philippine Islands, the Peruvian Andes, the Sierras Pampeanas, or the California-Nevada zone of dextral transtension into plates; instead, they are designated as "orogens" in which this plate model is not expected to be accurate. The cumulative-number/area distribution for this model follows a power law for plates with areas between 0.002 and 1 steradian. Departure from this scaling at the small-plate end suggests that future work is very likely to define more very small plates within the orogens. The model is presented in four digital files: a set of plate boundary segments; a set of plate outlines; a set of outlines of the orogens; and a table of characteristics of each digitization step along plate boundaries, including estimated relative velocity vector and classification into one of 7 types (continental convergence zone, continental transform fault, continental rift, oceanic spreading ridge

  8. Periodic and boundary value problems for second order differential ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Liouville and periodic boundary conditions. The vector field (, , ) is Caratheodory and in some instances the continuity condition on or is replaced by a monotonicity type hypothesis. Using the method of upper and lower solutions as well ...

  9. Problems in Cybersemiotic Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brier, Søren

    2014-01-01

    ’s constructivist biology came closer to a modern version of Jacob von Uexküll’s. Maturana’s model is a relational model. Cognition and communication aims to conserve a viable relation between living system and environment. It is as such not an objective modeling. 3. This model is reinterpreted in biosemiotics......Going from an empirical to an informational paradigm of cognition and communication, does not really help us to analyze, how the living systems manage to make a meaningful interpretation of environment that is useful for their survival and procreation. Other models are needed. 1. There is von...... Uexküll’s cybernetic-behavioral model, which has the problem of being placed in a Platonic, static worldview. The Umwelt of an animal is a construction limited of its functional realism of survival. It is connected to the species. 2. Ture von Uexküll and Søren Brier both realized that Maturana and Varela...

  10. Hausdorff Measure Estimates and Lipschitz Regularity in Inhomogeneous Nonlinear Free Boundary Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreira, Diego; Wang, Lihe

    2014-08-01

    In this paper, we prove a Hausdorff measure estimate for the free boundaries of subsolutions of fully nonlinear and quasilinear equations of the type and where and μ is a signed Radon measure with some appropriate growth condition. Gradient estimates for nonnegative harmonic functions with bounded normal derivatives along the boundary obtained by Caffarelli and Salsa (Geometric Approach to Free Boundary Problems, 2005) are extended to the context of inhomogeneous problems involving fully nonlinear and p-Laplace equations. As an application, Lipschitz regularity is obtained for one phase solutions of inhomogeneous nonlinear free boundary problems.

  11. Vragov’s boundary value problem for an implicit equation of mixed type

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egorov, I. E.

    2017-10-01

    We study a Vragov boundary value problem for a third-order implicit equation of mixed type with an arbitrary manifold of type switch. These Sobolev-type equations arise in many important applied problems. Given certain constraints on the coefficients and the right-hand side of the equation, we demonstrate, using nonstationary Galerkin method and regularization method, the unique regular solvability of the boundary value problem. We also obtain an error estimate for approximate solutions of the boundary value problem in terms of the regularization parameter and the eigenvalues of the Dirichlet spectral problem for the Laplace operator.

  12. Boundary value problems on the half line in the theory of colloids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi P. Agarwal

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available We present existence results for some boundary value problems defined on infinite intervals. In particular our discussion includes a problem which arises in the theory of colloids.

  13. An ALE formulation of embedded boundary methods for tracking boundary layers in turbulent fluid-structure interaction problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farhat, Charbel; Lakshminarayan, Vinod K.

    2014-04-01

    Embedded Boundary Methods (EBMs) for Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) are usually constructed in the Eulerian setting. They are particularly attractive for complex Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) problems characterized by large structural motions and deformations. They are also critical for flow problems with topological changes and FSI problems with cracking. For all of these problems, the alternative Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) methods are often unfeasible because of the issue of mesh crossovers. However for viscous flows, Eulerian EBMs for CFD do not track the boundary layers around dynamic rigid or flexible bodies. Consequently, the application of these methods to viscous FSI problems requires either a high mesh resolution in a large part of the computational fluid domain, or adaptive mesh refinement. Unfortunately, the first option is computationally inefficient, and the second one is labor intensive. For these reasons, an alternative approach is proposed in this paper for maintaining all moving boundary layers resolved during the simulation of a turbulent FSI problem using an EBM for CFD. In this approach, which is simple and computationally reasonable, the underlying non-body-fitted mesh is rigidly translated and/or rotated in order to track the rigid component of the motion of the dynamic obstacle. Then, the flow computations away from the embedded surface are performed using the ALE framework, and the wall boundary conditions are treated by the chosen Eulerian EBM for CFD. Hence, the solution of the boundary layer tracking problem proposed in this paper can be described as an ALE implementation of a given EBM for CFD. Its basic features are illustrated with the Large Eddy Simulation using a non-body-fitted mesh of a turbulent flow past an airfoil in heaving motion. Its strong potential for the solution of challenging FSI problems at reasonable computational costs is also demonstrated with the simulation of turbulent flows past a family of

  14. On Impulsive Boundary Value Problems of Fractional Differential Equations with Irregular Boundary Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guotao Wang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We study nonlinear impulsive differential equations of fractional order with irregular boundary conditions. Some existence and uniqueness results are obtained by applying standard fixed-point theorems. For illustration of the results, some examples are discussed.

  15. Problems with the Younger Dryas Boundary (YDB) Impact Hypothesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boslough, M.

    2009-12-01

    One breakthrough of 20th-century Earth science was the recognition of impacts as an important geologic process. The most obvious result is a crater. There are more than 170 confirmed terrestrial impact structures with a non-uniform spatial distribution suggesting more to be found. Many have been erased by tectonics and erosion. Deep water impacts do not form craters, and craters in ice sheets disappear when the ice melts. There is growing speculation that such hidden impacts have caused frequent major environmental events of the Holocene, but this is inconsistent with the astronomically-constrained population of Earth-crossing asteroids. Impacts can have consequences much more significant than excavation of a crater. The K/T boundary mass extinction is attributed to the environmental effects of a major impact, and some researchers argue that other extinctions, abrupt climate changes, and even civilization collapses have resulted from impacts. Nuclear winter models suggest that 2-km diameter asteroids exceed a "global catastrophe threshold" by injecting sufficient dust into the stratosphere to cause short-term climate changes, but would not necessarily collapse most natural ecosystems or cause mass extinctions. Globally-catastrophic impacts recur on timescales of about one million years. The 1994 collision of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter led us recognize the significance of terrestrial airbursts caused by objects exploding violently in Earth’s atmosphere. We have invoked airbursts to explain rare forms of non-volcanic glasses and melts by using high-resolution computational models to improve our understanding of atmospheric explosions, and have suggested that multiple airbursts from fragmented impactors could be responsible for regional effects. Our models have been cited in support of the widely-publicized YDB impact hypothesis. Proponents claim that a broken comet exploded over North America, with some fragments cratering the Laurentide Ice Sheet. They

  16. Existence of Solutions of Periodic Boundary Value Problems for Impulsive Functional Duffing Equations at Nonresonance Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Yuji

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper deals with the existence of solutions of the periodic boundary value problem of the impulsive Duffing equations: . Sufficient conditions are established for the existence of at least one solution of above-mentioned boundary value problem. Our method is based upon Schaeffer's fixed-point theorem. Examples are presented to illustrate the efficiency of the obtained results.

  17. On relevant boundary perturbations of unitary minimal models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recknagel, A.; Roggenkamp, D.; Schomerus, V.

    2000-01-01

    We consider unitary Virasoro minimal models on the disk with Cardy boundary conditions and discuss deformations by certain relevant boundary operators, analogous to tachyon condensation in string theory. Concentrating on the least relevant boundary field, we can perform a perturbative analysis of renormalization group fixed points. We find that the systems always flow towards stable fixed points which admit no further (non-trivial) relevant perturbations. The new conformal boundary conditions are in general given by superpositions of 'pure' Cardy boundary conditions

  18. Nonlinear second-order multivalued boundary value problems

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In this paper we study nonlinear second-order differential inclusions involving the ordinary vector -Laplacian, a multivalued maximal monotone operator and nonlinear multivalued boundary conditions. Our framework is general and unifying and incorporates gradient systems, evolutionary variational inequalities and the ...

  19. On Antiperiodic Boundary Value Problems for Higher-Order Fractional Differential Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Alsaedi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We study an antiperiodic boundary value problem of nonlinear fractional differential equations of order q∈(4,5]. Some existence results are obtained by applying some standard tools of fixed-point theory. We show that solutions for lower-order anti-periodic fractional boundary value problems follow from the solution of the problem at hand. Our results are new and generalize the existing results on anti-periodic fractional boundary value problems. The paper concludes with some illustrating examples.

  20. Electromagnetic wave theory for boundary-value problems an advanced course on analytical methods

    CERN Document Server

    Eom, Hyo J

    2004-01-01

    Electromagnetic wave theory is based on Maxwell's equations, and electromagnetic boundary-value problems must be solved to understand electromagnetic scattering, propagation, and radiation. Electromagnetic theory finds practical applications in wireless telecommunications and microwave engineering. This book is written as a text for a two-semester graduate course on electromagnetic wave theory. As such, Electromagnetic Wave Theory for Boundary-Value Problems is intended to help students enhance analytic skills by solving pertinent boundary-value problems. In particular, the techniques of Fourier transform, mode matching, and residue calculus are utilized to solve some canonical scattering and radiation problems.

  1. An advanced boundary element method (BEM) implementation for the forward problem of electromagnetic source imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Akalin-Acar, Zeynep; Gencer, Nevzat G

    2004-01-01

    The forward problem of electromagnetic source imaging has two components: a numerical model to solve the related integral equations and a model of the head geometry. This study is on the boundary element method (BEM) implementation for numerical solutions and realistic head modelling. The use of second-order (quadratic) isoparametric elements and the recursive integration technique increase the accuracy in the solutions. Two new formulations are developed for the calculation of the transfer matrices to obtain the potential and magnetic field patterns using realistic head models. The formulations incorporate the use of the isolated problem approach for increased accuracy in solutions. If a personal computer is used for computations, each transfer matrix is calculated in 2.2 h. After this pre-computation period, solutions for arbitrary source configurations can be obtained in milliseconds for a realistic head model. A hybrid algorithm that uses snakes, morphological operations, region growing and thresholding is used for segmentation. The scalp, skull, grey matter, white matter and eyes are segmented from the multimodal magnetic resonance images and meshes for the corresponding surfaces are created. A mesh generation algorithm is developed for modelling the intersecting tissue compartments, such as eyes. To obtain more accurate results quadratic elements are used in the realistic meshes. The resultant BEM implementation provides more accurate forward problem solutions and more efficient calculations. Thus it can be the firm basis of the future inverse problem solutions

  2. A Hierarchical Bayesian Setting for an Inverse Problem in Linear Parabolic PDEs with Noisy Boundary Conditions

    KAUST Repository

    Ruggeri, Fabrizio

    2016-05-12

    In this work we develop a Bayesian setting to infer unknown parameters in initial-boundary value problems related to linear parabolic partial differential equations. We realistically assume that the boundary data are noisy, for a given prescribed initial condition. We show how to derive the joint likelihood function for the forward problem, given some measurements of the solution field subject to Gaussian noise. Given Gaussian priors for the time-dependent Dirichlet boundary values, we analytically marginalize the joint likelihood using the linearity of the equation. Our hierarchical Bayesian approach is fully implemented in an example that involves the heat equation. In this example, the thermal diffusivity is the unknown parameter. We assume that the thermal diffusivity parameter can be modeled a priori through a lognormal random variable or by means of a space-dependent stationary lognormal random field. Synthetic data are used to test the inference. We exploit the behavior of the non-normalized log posterior distribution of the thermal diffusivity. Then, we use the Laplace method to obtain an approximated Gaussian posterior and therefore avoid costly Markov Chain Monte Carlo computations. Expected information gains and predictive posterior densities for observable quantities are numerically estimated using Laplace approximation for different experimental setups.

  3. Some free boundary problems in potential flow regime usinga based level set method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garzon, M.; Bobillo-Ares, N.; Sethian, J.A.

    2008-12-09

    Recent advances in the field of fluid mechanics with moving fronts are linked to the use of Level Set Methods, a versatile mathematical technique to follow free boundaries which undergo topological changes. A challenging class of problems in this context are those related to the solution of a partial differential equation posed on a moving domain, in which the boundary condition for the PDE solver has to be obtained from a partial differential equation defined on the front. This is the case of potential flow models with moving boundaries. Moreover the fluid front will possibly be carrying some material substance which will diffuse in the front and be advected by the front velocity, as for example the use of surfactants to lower surface tension. We present a Level Set based methodology to embed this partial differential equations defined on the front in a complete Eulerian framework, fully avoiding the tracking of fluid particles and its known limitations. To show the advantages of this approach in the field of Fluid Mechanics we present in this work one particular application: the numerical approximation of a potential flow model to simulate the evolution and breaking of a solitary wave propagating over a slopping bottom and compare the level set based algorithm with previous front tracking models.

  4. On analytic continuability of the missing Cauchy datum for Helmholtz boundary problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karamehmedovic, Mirza

    2015-01-01

    We relate the domains of analytic continuation of Dirichlet and Neumann boundary data for Helmholtz problems in two or more independent variables. The domains are related à priori, locally and explicitly in terms of complex polyrectangular neighbourhoods of planar pieces of the boundary. To this ......We relate the domains of analytic continuation of Dirichlet and Neumann boundary data for Helmholtz problems in two or more independent variables. The domains are related à priori, locally and explicitly in terms of complex polyrectangular neighbourhoods of planar pieces of the boundary...

  5. Boundary value problems of the circular cylinders in the strain-gradient theory of linear elasticity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kao, B.G.

    1979-11-01

    Three boundary value problems in the strain-gradient theory of linear elasticity are solved for circular cylinders. They are the twisting of circular cylinder, uniformly pressuring of concentric circular cylinder, and pure-bending of simply connected cylinder. The comparisons of these solutions with the solutions in classical elasticity and in couple-stress theory reveal the differences in the stress fields as well as the apparent stress fields due to the influences of the strain-gradient. These aspects of the strain-gradient theory could be important in modeling the failure behavior of structural materials

  6. Boundary spectra in superspace {sigma}-models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quella, T. [Amsterdam Univ. (Netherlands). Inst. voor Theoretische Fysica]|[Isaac Newton Inst. for Mathematical Sciences, Cambridge (United Kingdom); Schomerus, V. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[Isaac Newton Inst. for Mathematical Sciences, Cambridge (United Kingdom); Creutzig, T. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)

    2007-12-15

    In this note we compute exact boundary spectra for D-instantons in {sigma}-models on the supergroup PSL(22). Our results are obtained through an explicit summation of the perturbative expansion for conformal dimensions to all orders in the curvature radius. The analysis exploits several remarkable properties of the perturbation series that arises from rescalings of the metric on PSL(22) relative to a fixed Wess- Zumino term. According to Berkovits, Vafa and Witten, the models are relevant in the context of string theory on AdS{sub 3} with non-vanishing RR-flux. The note concludes with a number of comments on various possible generalizations to other supergroups and higher dimensional supercoset theories. (orig.)

  7. The free-boundary equilibrium problem for helically symmetric plasmas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gardner, H.J.; Dewar, R.L.; Sy, W.N-C.

    1987-05-01

    An iterative technique for solving the ideal MHD equilibrium equations for a helically symmetric plasma with a free boundary is described. The method involves an application of Green's theorem and has been formulated for the geometry of a heliac. It is used to determine a stability diagram for the SHEILA heliac as a function of the plasma pressure and the current in one of the external coils

  8. A novel boundary element method for nonuniform neutron diffusion problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Itagaki, Masafumi; Nisiyama, Shusuke; Tomioka, Satoshi; Enoto, Takeaki

    1999-01-01

    An advanced boundary element formulation has been proposed to solve the neutron diffusion equation (NDE) for a 'nonuniform' system. The continuous spatial distribution of a nuclear constant is assumed to be described using a polynomial function. Part of the constant term in the polynomial is left on the left-hand-side of the NDE, while the reminding is added to the fission source term on the right-hand-side to create a fictitious source. When the neutron flux is also expanded using a polynomial, the boundary integral equation corresponding to the NDE contains a domain integral related to the polynomial source. This domain integral is transformed into an infinite series of boundary integrals, by repeated application of the particular solution for a Poisson-type equation with the polynomial source. In two-dimensional, one-group test calculations for rectangular domains, the orthogonality of Legendre polynomials was used to determine the polynomial expansion coefficients. The results show good agreement with those obtained from finite difference computations in which the nonuniformity was approximated by a large number of material regions. (author)

  9. Boundary integral equation methods in eigenvalue problems of elastodynamics and thin plates

    CERN Document Server

    Kitahara, M

    1985-01-01

    The boundary integral equation (BIE) method has been used more and more in the last 20 years for solving various engineering problems. It has important advantages over other techniques for numerical treatment of a wide class of boundary value problems and is now regarded as an indispensable tool for potential problems, electromagnetism problems, heat transfer, fluid flow, elastostatics, stress concentration and fracture problems, geomechanical problems, and steady-state and transient electrodynamics.In this book, the author gives a complete, thorough and detailed survey of the method. It pro

  10. Slarti: A boundary condition editor for a coupled climate model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mickelson, S. A.; Jacob, R. L.; Pierrehumbert, R.

    2006-12-01

    One of the largest barriers to making climate models more flexible is the difficulty in creating new boundary conditions, especially for "deep time" paleoclimate cases where continents are in different positions. Climate models consist of several mutually-interacting component models and the boundary conditions must be consistent between them. We have developed a program called Slarti which uses a Graphical User Interface and a set of consistency rules to aid researchers in creating new, consistent, boundary condition files for the Fast Ocean Atmosphere Model (FOAM). Users can start from existing mask, topography, or bathymetry data or can build a "world" entirely from scratch (e.g. a single island continent). Once a case has been started, users can modify mask, vegetation, bathymetry, topography, and river flow fields by drawing new data through a "paint" interface. Users activate a synchronization button which goes through the fields to eliminate inconsistencies. When the changes are complete and save is selected, Slarti creates all the necessary files for an initial run of FOAM. The data is edited at the highest resolution (the ocean-land surface in FOAM) and then interpolated to the atmosphere resolution. Slarti was implemented in Java to maintain portability across platforms. We also relied heavily on Java Swing components to create the interface. This allowed us to create an object-oriented interface that could be used on many different systems. Since Slarti allows users to visualize their changes, they are able to see areas that may cause problems when the model is ran. Some examples would be lakes from the river flow field and narrow trenches within the bathymetry. Through different checks and options available through its interface, Slarti makes the process of creating new boundary conditions for FOAM easier and faster while reducing the chance for user errors.

  11. Boundary value problems and the validity of the Post constraint in modern electromagnetism

    OpenAIRE

    Lakhtakia, Akhlesh

    2005-01-01

    When a (frequency-domain) boundary value problem involving a homogeneous linear material is solved to assess the validity of the Post constraint, a conflict arises between the fundamental differential equations of electromagnetism in the chosen material and a naive application of the usual boundary conditions. It is shown here that the conflict vanishes when the boundary conditions are properly derived from the fundamental equations, and the validity of the Post constraint in modern macroscop...

  12. An approximate method for solving a melting problem with periodic boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qu Liang-Hui

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available An effective thermal diffusivity method is used to solve one-dimensional melting problem with periodic boundary conditions in a semi-infinite domain. An approximate analytic solution showing the functional relation between the location of the moving boundary and time is obtained by using Laplace transform. The evolution of the moving boundary and the temperature field in the phase change domain are simulated numerically, and the numerical results are compared with previous results in open literature.

  13. Laplace Boundary-Value Problem in Paraboloidal Coordinates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duggen, L.; Willatzen, M.; Voon, L. C. Lew Yan

    2012-01-01

    This paper illustrates both a problem in mathematical physics, whereby the method of separation of variables, while applicable, leads to three ordinary differential equations that remain fully coupled via two separation constants and a five-term recurrence relation for series solutions, and an exactly solvable problem in electrostatics, as a…

  14. Well-posedness of the free boundary problem in compressible elastodynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trakhinin, Yuri

    2018-02-01

    We study the free boundary problem for the flow of a compressible isentropic inviscid elastic fluid. At the free boundary moving with the velocity of the fluid particles the columns of the deformation gradient are tangent to the boundary and the pressure vanishes outside the flow domain. We prove the local-in-time existence of a unique smooth solution of the free boundary problem provided that among three columns of the deformation gradient there are two which are non-collinear vectors at each point of the initial free boundary. If this non-collinearity condition fails, the local-in-time existence is proved under the classical Rayleigh-Taylor sign condition satisfied at the first moment. By constructing an Hadamard-type ill-posedness example for the frozen coefficients linearized problem we show that the simultaneous failure of the non-collinearity condition and the Rayleigh-Taylor sign condition leads to Rayleigh-Taylor instability.

  15. Asymptotics of linear initial boundary value problems with periodic boundary data on the half-line and finite intervals

    KAUST Repository

    Dujardin, G. M.

    2009-08-12

    This paper deals with the asymptotic behaviour of the solutions of linear initial boundary value problems with constant coefficients on the half-line and on finite intervals. We assume that the boundary data are periodic in time and we investigate whether the solution becomes time-periodic after sufficiently long time. Using Fokas\\' transformation method, we show that, for the linear Schrödinger equation, the linear heat equation and the linearized KdV equation on the half-line, the solutions indeed become periodic for large time. However, for the same linear Schrödinger equation on a finite interval, we show that the solution, in general, is not asymptotically periodic; actually, the asymptotic behaviour of the solution depends on the commensurability of the time period T of the boundary data with the square of the length of the interval over. © 2009 The Royal Society.

  16. Existence results for non-autonomous elliptic boundary value problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Anuradha

    1994-07-01

    Full Text Available $$-Delta u(x = lambda f(x, u;quad x in Omega$$ $$u(x + alpha(x frac{partial u(x}{partial n} = 0;quad x in partial Omega$$ where $lambda > 0$, $Omega$ is a bounded region in $Bbb{R}^N$; $N geq 1$ with smooth boundary $partial Omega$, $alpha(x geq 0$, $n$ is the outward unit normal, and $f$ is a smooth function such that it has either sublinear or restricted linear growth in $u$ at infinity, uniformly in $x$. We also consider $f$ such that $f(x, u u leq 0$ uniformly in $x$, when $|u|$ is large. Without requiring any sign condition on $f(x, 0$, thus allowing for both positone as well as semipositone structure, we discuss the existence of at least three solutions for given $lambda in (lambda_{n}, lambda_{n + 1}$ where $lambda_{k}$ is the $k$-th eigenvalue of $-Delta$ subject to the above boundary conditions. In particular, one of the solutions we obtain has non-zero positive part, while another has non-zero negative part. We also discuss the existence of three solutions where one of them is positive, while another is negative, for $lambda$ near $lambda_{1}$, and for $lambda$ large when $f$ is sublinear. We use the method of sub-super solutions to establish our existence results. We further discuss non-existence results for $lambda$ small.

  17. The initial boundary value problem for free-evolution formulations of general relativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilditch, David; Ruiz, Milton

    2018-01-01

    We consider the initial boundary value problem for free-evolution formulations of general relativity coupled to a parametrized family of coordinate conditions that includes both the moving puncture and harmonic gauges. We concentrate primarily on boundaries that are geometrically determined by the outermost normal observer to spacelike slices of the foliation. We present high-order-derivative boundary conditions for the gauge, constraint violating and gravitational wave degrees of freedom of the formulation. Second order derivative boundary conditions are presented in terms of the conformal variables used in numerical relativity simulations. Using Kreiss–Agranovich–Métivier theory we demonstrate, in the frozen coefficient approximation, that with sufficiently high order derivative boundary conditions the initial boundary value problem can be rendered boundary stable. The precise number of derivatives required depends on the gauge. For a choice of the gauge condition that renders the system strongly hyperbolic of constant multiplicity, well-posedness of the initial boundary value problem follows in this approximation. Taking into account the theory of pseudo-differential operators, it is expected that the nonlinear problem is also well-posed locally in time.

  18. The linearization of boundary eigenvalue problems and reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ćurgus, Branko; Dijksma, Aad; Read, Tom

    2001-01-01

    The boundary eigenvalue problems for the adjoint of a symmetric relation S in a Hilbert space with finite, not necessarily equal, defect numbers, which are related to the selfadjoint Hilbert space extensions of S are characterized in terms of boundary coefficients and the reproducing kernel Hilbert

  19. Multiple positive solutions for second order impulsive boundary value problems in Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-Wei Lv

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available By means of the fixed point index theory of strict set contraction operators, we establish new existence theorems on multiple positive solutions to a boundary value problem for second-order impulsive integro-differential equations with integral boundary conditions in a Banach space. Moreover, an application is given to illustrate the main result.

  20. Asymptotic Analysis of a Nonlinear Problem on Domain Boundaries in Convection Patterns by Homotopy Renormalization Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xin, Hua

    2017-09-01

    In this article, using the homotopy renormalization method, the asymptotic analysis to a nonlinear problem on domain boundaries in convection patterns are given. In particular, by taking a variable coefficient homotopy equation, the global asymptotic solutions satisfying boundary conditions are obtained. These results are better than the existing analytic approximation solutions.

  1. The boundary value problems for the scalar Oseen equation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Medková, Dagmar; Skopin, E.; Varnhorn, W.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 285, 17-18 (2012), s. 2208-2221 ISSN 0025-584X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP201/11/1304 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : scalar Oseen equation * Dirichlet problem * Neumann problem Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.576, year: 2012 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ mana .201100219/abstract

  2. Semilinear Evolution Problems with Ventcel-Type Conditions on Fractal Boundaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Rosaria Lancia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A semilinear parabolic transmission problem with Ventcel's boundary conditions on a fractal interface S or the corresponding prefractal interface Sh is studied. Regularity results for the solution in both cases are proved. The asymptotic behaviour of the solutions of the approximating problems to the solution of limit fractal problem is analyzed.

  3. Positive solutions for a nonlocal boundary-value problem with vector-valued response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Nowakowski

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available Using variational methods, we study the existence of positive solutions for a nonlocal boundary-value problem with vector-valued response. We develop duality and variational principles for this problem and present a numerical version which enables the approximation of solutions and gives a measure of a duality gap between primal and dual functional for approximate solutions for this problem.

  4. On Nonlinear Inverse Problems of Heat Transfer with Radiation Boundary Conditions: Application to Dehydration of Gypsum Plasterboards Exposed to Fire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Belmiloudi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper investigates boundary optimal controls and parameter estimates to the well-posedness nonlinear model of dehydration of thermic problems. We summarize the general formulations for the boundary control for initial-boundary value problem for nonlinear partial differential equations modeling the heat transfer and derive necessary optimality conditions, including the adjoint equation, for the optimal set of parameters minimizing objective functions J. Numerical simulations illustrate several numerical optimization methods, examples, and realistic cases, in which several interesting phenomena are observed. A large amount of computational effort is required to solve the coupled state equation and the adjoint equation (which is backwards in time, and the algebraic gradient equation (which implements the coupling between the adjoint and control variables. The state and adjoint equations are solved using the finite element method.

  5. Variational methods for boundary value problems for systems of elliptic equations

    CERN Document Server

    Lavrent'ev, M A

    2012-01-01

    Famous monograph by a distinguished mathematician presents an innovative approach to classical boundary value problems. The treatment employs the basic scheme first suggested by Hilbert and developed by Tonnelli. 1963 edition.

  6. On the Approximate Controllability of Some Semilinear Parabolic Boundary-Value Problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diaz, J. I.; Henry, J.; Ramos, A. M.

    1998-01-01

    We prove the approximate controllability of several nonlinear parabolic boundary-value problems by means of two different methods: the first one can be called a Cancellation method and the second one uses the Kakutani fixed-point theorem

  7. Existence of three positive solutions for boundary value problem with fractional order and infinite delay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benaouda Hedia

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we investigate the existence three positives solutions by using Leggett-Williams fixed point theorem in cones for three boundary value problem with fractional order and infinite delay.

  8. The numerical solution of boundary value problems over an infinite domain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shepherd, M.; Skinner, R.

    1976-01-01

    A method is presented for the numerical solution of boundary value problems over infinite domains. An example that illustrates also the strength and accuracy of a numerical procedure for calculating Green's functions is described in detail

  9. A fast direct solver for boundary value problems on locally perturbed geometries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yabin; Gillman, Adrianna

    2018-03-01

    Many applications including optimal design and adaptive discretization techniques involve solving several boundary value problems on geometries that are local perturbations of an original geometry. This manuscript presents a fast direct solver for boundary value problems that are recast as boundary integral equations. The idea is to write the discretized boundary integral equation on a new geometry as a low rank update to the discretized problem on the original geometry. Using the Sherman-Morrison formula, the inverse can be expressed in terms of the inverse of the original system applied to the low rank factors and the right hand side. Numerical results illustrate for problems where perturbation is localized the fast direct solver is three times faster than building a new solver from scratch.

  10. Existence of Three Positive Solutions to Some p-Laplacian Boundary Value Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moulay Rchid Sidi Ammi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We obtain, by using the Leggett-Williams fixed point theorem, sufficient conditions that ensure the existence of at least three positive solutions to some p-Laplacian boundary value problems on time scales.

  11. Solvability of Boundary Value Problem at Resonance for Third-Order ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Functional boundary value problem; topological degree; Carathéodory conditions; resonance. ... Department of Mathematics, Shijiazhuang Mechanical Engineering College, Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province 05003, People's Republic of China; School of Mathematical Science, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu ...

  12. A combined analytic-numeric approach for some boundary-value problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Turkyilmazoglu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available A combined analytic-numeric approach is undertaken in the present work for the solution of boundary-value problems in the finite or semi-infinite domains. Equations to be treated arise specifically from the boundary layer analysis of some two and three-dimensional flows in fluid mechanics. The purpose is to find quick but accurate enough solutions. Taylor expansions at either boundary conditions are computed which are next matched to the other asymptotic or exact boundary conditions. The technique is applied to the well-known Blasius as well as Karman flows. Solutions obtained in terms of series compare favorably with the existing ones in the literature.

  13. Hydrogeological boundary settings in SR 97. Uncertainties in regional boundary settings and transfer of boundary conditions to site-scale models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Follin, S.

    1999-06-01

    The SR 97 project presents a performance assessment (PA) of the overall safety of a hypothetical deep repository at three sites in Sweden arbitrarily named Aberg, Beberg and Ceberg. One component of this PA assesses the uncertainties in the hydrogeological modelling. This study focuses on uncertainties in boundary settings (size of model domain and boundary conditions) in the regional and site-scale hydrogeological modelling of the three sites used to simulating the possible transport of radionuclides from the emplacement waste packages through the host rock to the accessible environment. Model uncertainties associated with, for instance, parameter heterogeneity and structural interpretations are addressed in other studies. This study concludes that the regional modelling of the SR 97 project addresses uncertainties in the choice of boundary conditions and size of model domain differently at each site, although the overall handling is acceptable and in accordance with common modelling practice. For example, the treatment of uncertainties with regard to the ongoing post-glacial flushing of the Baltic Shield is creditably addressed although not exhaustive from a modelling point of view. A significant contribution of the performed modelling is the study of nested numerical models, i.e., the numerical interplay between regional and site-scale numerical models. In the site-scale modelling great efforts are made to address problems associated with (i) the telescopic mesh refinement (TMR) technique with regard to the stochastic continuum approach, and (ii) the transfer of boundary conditions between variable-density flow systems and flow systems that are constrained to treat uniform density flow. This study concludes that the efforts made to handle these problems are acceptable with regards to the objectives of the SR 97 project

  14. A numerical method for singular boundary value problem of ordinary differential equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    He Qibing

    1992-12-01

    A numerical method, regularizing method, is suggested to treat the singular boundary problem of ordinary differential equation that is raised from controlled nuclear fusion science and other fields owing to their singular physical mechanism. This kind of singular boundary problem has been successfully solved by special treatment near the singular points and using difference method. This method overcomes difficulties in numerical calculation due to the singularity. The convergence results and numerical test are also given

  15. A Boundary Element Solution to the Problem of Interacting AC Fields in Parallel Conductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Einar M. Rønquist

    1984-04-01

    Full Text Available The ac fields in electrically insulated conductors will interact through the surrounding electromagnetic fields. The pertinent field equations reduce to the Helmholtz equation inside each conductor (interior problem, and to the Laplace equation outside the conductors (exterior problem. These equations are transformed to integral equations, with the magnetic vector potential and its normal derivative on the boundaries as unknowns. The integral equations are then approximated by sets of algebraic equations. The interior problem involves only unknowns on the boundary of each conductor, while the exterior problem couples unknowns from several conductors. The interior and the exterior problem are coupled through the field continuity conditions. The full set of equations is solved by standard Gaussian elimination. We also show how the total current and the dissipated power within each conductor can be expressed as boundary integrals. Finally, computational results for a sample problem are compared with a finite difference solution.

  16. Singular Integral Operators Associated with Elliptic Boundary Value Problems in Non-smooth Domains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awala, Hussein

    Many boundary value problems of mathematical physics are modelled by elliptic differential operators L in a given domain O. An effective method for treating such problems is the method of layer potentials, whose essence resides in reducing matters to solving a boundary integral equation. This, in turn, requires inverting a singular integral operator, naturally associated with L and O, on appropriate function spaces on ∂O. When the operator L is of second order and the domain O is Lipschitz (i.e., O is locally the upper-graph of a Lipschitz function) the fundamental work of B. Dahlberg, C. Kenig, D. Jerison, E. Fabes, N. Riviere, G. Verchota, R. Brown, and many others, has opened the door for the development of a far-reaching theory in this setting, even though several very difficult questions still remain unanswered. In this dissertation, the goal is to solve a number of open questions regarding spectral properties of singular integral operators associated with second and higher-order elliptic boundary value problems in non-smooth domains. Among other spectral results, we establish symmetry properties of harmonic classical double layer potentials associated with the Laplacian in the class of Lipschitz domains in R2. An array of useful tools and techniques from Harmonic Analysis, Partial Differential Equations play a key role in our approach, and these are discussed as preliminary material in the thesis: • Mellin Transforms and Fourier Analysis; • Calderon-Zygmund Theory in Uniformly Rectifiable Domains; • Boundary Integral Methods. Chapter four deals with proving invertibility properties of singular integral operators naturally associated with the mixed (Zaremba) problem for the Laplacian and the Lame system in infinite sectors in two dimensions, when considering their action on the Lebesgue scale of p integrable functions, for $1 their action on the Lebesgue scale of p integrable functions, for 1 functions). Finally, chapter six, deals with spectral issues

  17. Modeling of Bio-Fluids Flow with Complex Geometry Using Immersed Boundary Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Shaolin; Celik, Ismail

    2007-11-01

    Fluid dynamics problems in the area of bio-fluids involve complex geometries and moving boundaries in addition to strong transients. The applications of CFD to such problems traditionally employ boundary fitted coordinates, which require generation of complicated computational grids. The alternative approach utilizing Cartesian coordinates with embedded virtual force method (immersed boundary method) avoids the problem of expensive and time consuming boundary fitted grid. The simple orthogonal grids directly benefit numerical accuracy and computational efficiency. An immediate application of immersed boundary method (IB) is to modify in-house CFD DREAM code for bio-engineering applications using domain decomposition methodology. Several benchmarks are tested and numerical results for gas-droplet two-phase flow are shown to examine the transport and dispersion of germ-laden droplets in a room. This modeling effort provides valuable information for ventilation control strategies to improve airflow patterns to reduce indoor airborne infection risk.

  18. Fostering Cultural Diversity: Problems of Access and Ethnic Boundary Maintenance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maria T. Allison

    1992-01-01

    This presentation explores theoretical reasons for the underutilization of services, discusses types and problems of access which may be both inadvertent and institutionalized, and discusses policy implications of this work. Data suggest that individuals from distinct ethnic populations, particularly Hispanic, African-American, and Native American, tend to underutilize...

  19. Sommerfeld's formula and uniqueness for the boundary value contact problems

    CERN Document Server

    Andronov, I V

    1998-01-01

    The expression of the acoustic field scattered on an infinite elastic plate with an arbitrary compact inhomogeneity in terms of the analytic continuation of its scattering diagram is found. This formula allows the uniqueness of the solution for the scattering problem to be proved. The connection of the formula with the Rayleigh hypothesis is discussed. (author). Letter-to-the-editor

  20. Nonlinear second-order multivalued boundary value problems

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    Very recently the periodic problem was revisited by Mawhin [26], who used the vector p-Laplacian differential operator. Our work here extends this recent paper of ...... 312. Leszek Gasinski and Nikolaos S Papageorgiou. We shall show that ̂A is maximal monotone. To this end, let ϕ : R. N −→ RN and. ̂ϕ : Lp([0,T ]; R.

  1. On problems with displacement in boundary conditions for hyperbolic equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena A. Utkina

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We consider three problems for hyperbolic equation on a plane in the characteristic domain. In these problems at least one of the conditions of the Goursat problem is replaced by nonlocal condition on the relevant characteristic. Non-local conditions are the linear combinations of the normal derivatives at points on opposite characteristics. In case of replacement of one condition we solve the problem by reduction to the Goursat problem for which it exists and is unique. To find the unknown Goursat condition author receives the integral equation, rewrite it in operational form and finds its unique solvability cases. To prove the unique solvability of the equation, the author shows the continuous linear operator and the fact, that some degree of the resulting operator is a contraction mapping. It is known that in this case the required Goursat condition can be written as Neumann series. We considered in detail only one of the tasks, but for both the unique solvability theorems are formulated. If the two conditions are changed, the uniqueness of the solution on the assumption that it exists, is proved by the method of a priori estimates. For this purpose, the inner product and the norm in $L_2$ are used. As a result, the conditions were obtained for the coefficients of a hyperbolic equation that ensure the uniqueness of the solution. An example is given, confirming that these conditions are essential. Namely, constructed an equation whose coefficients do not satisfy the conditions of the last theorem, given the conditions on the characteristics and nontrivial solution is built.

  2. A modified quasi-boundary value method for an abstract ill-posed biparabolic problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Besma Khelili

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we are concerned with the problem of approximating a solution of an ill-posed biparabolic problem in the abstract setting. In order to overcome the instability of the original problem, we propose a modified quasi-boundary value method to construct approximate stable solutions for the original ill-posed boundary value problem. Finally, some other convergence results including some explicit convergence rates are also established under a priori bound assumptions on the exact solution. Moreover, numerical tests are presented to illustrate the accuracy and efficiency of this method.

  3. On a boundary value problem in a strongly pseudoconvex domain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fadlalla, A.A.

    1980-08-01

    It has previously been shown that if G a subset of Csup(n) is a strongly pseudoconvex domain, then to every boundary point P an element of delta G there exists a function f(z) holomorphic in a neighbourhood of G-bar (the closure of G) such that |f(z)| assumes its maximum in G-bar at P and only at P. Now the following theorem is proved. Let G be a strongly pseudoconvex domain in Csup(n) and P, Q be elements of delta G, P not equal to Q. Then there exists a function f(z) holomorphic in a neighbourhood of G-bar, such that |f(P)|=|f(Q)|=Max|f(anti G)|=1, f(P) not equal to f(Q) and |f(T)|<1, for all T elements of G-bar - set (P,Q). This theorem is used to improve the results already obtained by the author concerning the Caratheodory metric and the Caratheodory limiting balls in G. Similar results do not exist if G is only pseudoconvex

  4. Boundary Conditions, Data Assimilation, and Predictability in Coastal Ocean Models

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Samelson, Roger M; Allen, John S; Egbert, Gary D; Kindle, John C; Snyder, Chris

    2007-01-01

    ...: The specific objectives of this research are to determine the impact on coastal ocean circulation models of open ocean boundary conditions from Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment (GODAE...

  5. On Neumann boundary value problems for some quasilinear elliptic equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul A. Binding

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available function $a(x$ on the existence of positive solutions to the problem $$left{ eqalign{ -{ m div},(|abla u|^{p-2}abla u&= lambda a(x|u|^{p-2}u+b(x|u|^{gamma-2}u, quad xinOmega, cr x{partial u overpartial n}&=0, quad xinpartialOmega,,} ight. $$ where $Omega$ is a smooth bounded domain in $R^n$, $b$ changes sign, $1problem has a positive solution. (ii if $int_Omega a(x, dx=0$, then the problem has a positive solution for small $lambda$ provided that $int_Omega b(x,dx<0$.

  6. A boundary element-Random walk model of mass transport in groundwater

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemblowski, M.

    1986-01-01

    A boundary element solution to the convective mass transport in groundwater is presented. This solution produces a continuous velocity field and reduces the amount of data preparation time and bookkeeping. By combining this solution and the random walk procedure, a convective-dispersive mass transport model is obtained. This model may be easily used to simulate groundwater contamination problems. The accuracy of the boundary element model has been verified by reproducing the analytical solution to a two-dimensional convective mass transport problem. The method was also used to simulate a convective-dispersive problem. ?? 1986.

  7. A review on application of MHD theory to plasma boundary problems in tokamaks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Itoh, Kimitaka.

    1992-08-01

    A survey is made on the problems of the edge plasmas, to which the analyses based on the MHD theory have been successfully applied. Also discussed are the efforts to extend the model equation to more general (and important as well) problems such as H-mode physics. An overview is first made on the advantages of the MHD picture, and the necessary supplementary physics are examined. Next, one- and two-dimensional models of the spatial structure of the edge plasma is discussed. The results on the stationary structure, both analytical and numerical, are reviewed: Typical example as well as the scaling law are shown. The instabilities associated with edge plasma is next reviewed. The surface kink mode, ballooning mode, interchange mode, resistive interchange mode and thermal instability are discussed. Role of the geometry such as the location of the X-point is studied. Influences of the atomic processes, and those of the radial electric field are also discussed. The analysis of the H-mode transition physics is finally discussed. The boundary plasma is a nonlinear media which possesses the possibility for bifurcation in which the radial electric field plays a key role. The model of the ion viscosity is also studied. Transition physics is developed. Analysis on the self-generating oscillation is shown and the relation with ELMs is discussed. After reviewing these problems, several comments are made to what directions the study can be deepened. (author) 53 refs

  8. Regular boundary value problems for the heat equation with scalar parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalmenov, Tynysbek Sh.; Besbaev, Gani; Medetbekova, Ryskul

    2017-09-01

    This paper belongs to the general theory of well-posed initial-boundary value problems for parabolic equations. The classical construction of a boundary value problem is as follows: an equation and a boundary condition are given. It is necessary to investigate the solvability of this problem and properties of the solution if it exists (in the sense of belonging to some space). Beginning with the papers of J. von Neumann and M.I. Vishik (1951), there exists another more general approach: an equation and a space are given, right-hand parts of the equation and boundary conditions, and a solution must belong to this space. It is necessary to describe all the boundary conditions, for which the problem is correctly solvable in this space. Further development of this theory was given by M. Otelbaev, who constructed a complete theory for ordinary differential operators and for symmetric semibounded operators in a Banach space. In this paper we find regular solution of the regular boundary problem for the heat equation with scalar parameter.

  9. Analytic Approximations to the Free Boundary and Multi-dimensional Problems in Financial Derivatives Pricing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Chun Sing

    This thesis studies two types of problems in financial derivatives pricing. The first type is the free boundary problem, which can be formulated as a partial differential equation (PDE) subject to a set of free boundary condition. Although the functional form of the free boundary condition is given explicitly, the location of the free boundary is unknown and can only be determined implicitly by imposing continuity conditions on the solution. Two specific problems are studied in details, namely the valuation of fixed-rate mortgages and CEV American options. The second type is the multi-dimensional problem, which involves multiple correlated stochastic variables and their governing PDE. One typical problem we focus on is the valuation of basket-spread options, whose underlying asset prices are driven by correlated geometric Brownian motions (GBMs). Analytic approximate solutions are derived for each of these three problems. For each of the two free boundary problems, we propose a parametric moving boundary to approximate the unknown free boundary, so that the original problem transforms into a moving boundary problem which can be solved analytically. The governing parameter of the moving boundary is determined by imposing the first derivative continuity condition on the solution. The analytic form of the solution allows the price and the hedging parameters to be computed very efficiently. When compared against the benchmark finite-difference method, the computational time is significantly reduced without compromising the accuracy. The multi-stage scheme further allows the approximate results to systematically converge to the benchmark results as one recasts the moving boundary into a piecewise smooth continuous function. For the multi-dimensional problem, we generalize the Kirk (1995) approximate two-asset spread option formula to the case of multi-asset basket-spread option. Since the final formula is in closed form, all the hedging parameters can also be derived in

  10. Efficient algorithms for analyzing the singularly perturbed boundary value problems of fractional order

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayevand, K.; Pichaghchi, K.

    2018-04-01

    In this paper, we were concerned with the description of the singularly perturbed boundary value problems in the scope of fractional calculus. We should mention that, one of the main methods used to solve these problems in classical calculus is the so-called matched asymptotic expansion method. However we shall note that, this was not achievable via the existing classical definitions of fractional derivative, because they do not obey the chain rule which one of the key elements of the matched asymptotic expansion method. In order to accommodate this method to fractional derivative, we employ a relatively new derivative so-called the local fractional derivative. Using the properties of local fractional derivative, we extend the matched asymptotic expansion method to the scope of fractional calculus and introduce a reliable new algorithm to develop approximate solutions of the singularly perturbed boundary value problems of fractional order. In the new method, the original problem is partitioned into inner and outer solution equations. The reduced equation is solved with suitable boundary conditions which provide the terminal boundary conditions for the boundary layer correction. The inner solution problem is next solved as a solvable boundary value problem. The width of the boundary layer is approximated using appropriate resemblance function. Some theoretical results are established and proved. Some illustrating examples are solved and the results are compared with those of matched asymptotic expansion method and homotopy analysis method to demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the method. It can be observed that, the proposed method approximates the exact solution very well not only in the boundary layer, but also away from the layer.

  11. Asymptotic Solution of the Theory of Shells Boundary Value Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. V. Andrianov

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a state-of-the-art review of asymptotic methods in the theory of plates and shells. Asymptotic methods of solving problems related to theory of plates and shells have been developed by many authors. The main features of our paper are: (i it is devoted to the fundamental principles of asymptotic approaches, and (ii it deals with both traditional approaches, and less widely used, new approaches. The authors have paid special attention to examples and discussion of results rather than to burying the ideas in formalism, notation, and technical details.

  12. The Stochastic Ising Model with the Mixed Boundary Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Jun

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We estimate the spectral gap of the two-dimensional stochastic Ising model for four classes of mixed boundary conditions. On a finite square, in the absence of an external field, two-sided estimates on the spectral gap for the first class of (weak positive boundary conditions are given. Further, at inverse temperatures , we will show lower bounds of the spectral gap of the Ising model for the other three classes mixed boundary conditions.

  13. On a price formation free boundary model by Lasry and Lions

    KAUST Repository

    Caffarelli, Luis A.

    2011-06-01

    We discuss global existence and asymptotic behaviour of a price formation free boundary model introduced by Lasry and Lions in 2007. Our results are based on a construction which transforms the problem into the heat equation with specially prepared initial datum. The key point is that the free boundary present in the original problem becomes the zero level set of this solution. Using the properties of the heat operator we can show global existence, regularity and asymptotic results of the free boundary. 2011 Académie des sciences.

  14. A New Boundary Model for Simulating Complex and Flexible Wall Bounded Domain in Dissipative Particle Dynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeid Mokhtarian

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite extensive area of applications, simulation of complex wall bounded problems or any deformable boundary is still a challenge in a Dissipative Particle Dynamics simulation. This limitation is rooted in the soft force nature of DPD and the fact that we need to use an antipenetration model for escaped particles. In the present paper, we propose a new model of antipenetration which preserves the conservation of linear momentum on the boundaries and enables us to simulate complex and flexible boundaries. Finally by performing numerical simulations, we demonstrate the validity of our new model.

  15. A priori bounds for solutions of two-point boundary value problems using differential inequalities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vidossich, G.

    1979-01-01

    Two point boundary value problems for systems of differential equations are studied with a new approach based on differential inequalities of first order. This leads to the following results: (i) one-sided conditions are enough, in the sense that the inner product is substituted to the norm; (ii) the upper bound exists for practically any kind of equations and boundary value problem if the interval is sufficiently small since it depends on the Peano existence theorem; (iii) the bound seems convenient when the equation has some singularity in t as well as when sigular problems are considered. (author)

  16. On some examples of pollutant transport problems solved numerically using the boundary element method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azis, Moh. Ivan; Kasbawati; Haddade, Amiruddin; Astuti Thamrin, Sri

    2018-03-01

    A boundary element method (BEM) is obtained for solving a boundary value problem of homogeneous anisotropic media governed by diffusion-convection equation. The application of the BEM is shown for two particular pollutant transport problems of Tello river and Unhas lake in Makassar Indonesia. For the two particular problems a variety of the coefficients of diffusion and the velocity components are taken. The results show that the solutions vary as the parameters change. And this suggests that one has to be careful in measuring or determining the values of the parameters.

  17. An inverse boundary value problem for the Schroedinger operator with vector potentials in two dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ziqi Sun

    1993-01-01

    During the past few years a considerable interest has been focused on the inverse boundary value problem for the Schroedinger operator with a scalar (electric) potential. The popularity gained by this subject seems to be due to its connection with the inverse scattering problem at fixed energy, the inverse conductivity problem and other important inverse problems. This paper deals with an inverse boundary value problem for the Schroedinger operator with vector (electric and magnetic) potentials. As in the case of the scalar potential, results of this study would have immediate consequences in the inverse scattering problem for magnetic field at fixed energy. On the other hand, inverse boundary value problems for elliptic operators are of independent interest. The study is partly devoted to the understanding of the inverse boundary value problem for a class of general elliptic operator of second order. Note that a self-adjoint elliptic operator of second order with Δ as its principal symbol can always be written as a Schroedinger operator with vector potentials

  18. B-spline solution of a singularly perturbed boundary value problem arising in biology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lin Bin; Li Kaitai; Cheng Zhengxing

    2009-01-01

    We use B-spline functions to develop a numerical method for solving a singularly perturbed boundary value problem associated with biology science. We use B-spline collocation method, which leads to a tridiagonal linear system. The accuracy of the proposed method is demonstrated by test problems. The numerical result is found in good agreement with exact solution.

  19. Appling Laplace Adomian decomposition method for delay differential equations with boundary value problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yousef, Hamood Mohammed; Ismail, Ahmad Izani

    2017-11-01

    In this paper, Laplace Adomian decomposition method (LADM) was applied to solve Delay differential equations with Boundary Value Problems. The solution is in the form of a convergent series which is easy to compute. This approach is tested on two test problem. The findings obtained exhibit the reliability and efficiency of the proposed method.

  20. Numerical analysis of fourth-order boundary value problems in fluid mechanics and mathematics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hosseinzadeh, Elham; Barari, Amin; Fouladi, Fama

    2010-01-01

    In this paper He's variational iteration method is used to solve some examples of linear and non-linear forth-order boundary value problems. The first problem compared with homotopy analysis method solution and the other ones with the exact solution. The results show the high accuracy and speed...

  1. Numerical Analysis of Forth-Order Boundary Value Problems in Fluid Mechanics and Mathematics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hosseinzadeh, E.; Barari, Amin; Fouladi, F.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper He's variational iteration method is used to solve some examples of linear and non-linear forth-order boundary value problems. The first problem compared with homotopy analysis method solution and the other ones with the exact solution. The results show the high accuracy and speed...

  2. Numerical solutions of a three-point boundary value problem with an ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Numerical solutions of a three-point boundary value problem with an integral condition for a third-order partial differential equation by using Laplace transform method Solutions numeriques d'un probleme pour une classe d'equations differentielles d'ordr.

  3. Initial boundary value problems of nonlinear wave equations in an exterior domain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen Yunmei.

    1987-06-01

    In this paper, we investigate the existence and uniqueness of the global solutions to the initial boundary value problems of nonlinear wave equations in an exterior domain. When the space dimension n >= 3, the unique global solution of the above problem is obtained for small initial data, even if the nonlinear term is fully nonlinear and contains the unknown function itself. (author). 10 refs

  4. Trigonometric series adapted for the study of Neumann boundary-value problems of Lame systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boubakeur Merouani

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we study the solutions to Neumann boundary-value problems of Lame system in a sectorial domains. We study directly this problem, by using trigonometric series, without going through the Airy functions. Results using the Airy function are given in [11].

  5. Numerical solution of system of boundary value problems using B-spline with free parameter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Yogesh

    2017-01-01

    This paper deals with method of B-spline solution for a system of boundary value problems. The differential equations are useful in various fields of science and engineering. Some interesting real life problems involve more than one unknown function. These result in system of simultaneous differential equations. Such systems have been applied to many problems in mathematics, physics, engineering etc. In present paper, B-spline and B-spline with free parameter methods for the solution of a linear system of second-order boundary value problems are presented. The methods utilize the values of cubic B-spline and its derivatives at nodal points together with the equations of the given system and boundary conditions, ensuing into the linear matrix equation.

  6. Ensuring Well-Posedness by Analogy; Stokes Problem and Boundary Control for the Wave Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glowinski, R.

    1992-12-01

    In this article we give a comparative discussion of the finite element approximation of two partial differential equation problems. These two problems which are apparantly quite unrelated are the Stokes problem for incompressible viscous flow and an exact boundary controllability problem for the wave equation. We show that straightforward discrete approximations to these problems yield approximate problems which are ill-posed. The analysis of the ill-posedness of the above problems shows an identical cause, namely the strong damping of the high frequency modes, beyond a critical wave number. From this analogy, a well-known cure for the discrete Stokes problem, i.e., using more accurate approximations for velocity than for pressure, provides a simple way to eliminate the ill-posedness of the discrete exact boundary controllability problem. Numerical examples concerning the control problem testify about the soundness of the new approach. To conclude this paper one takes advantage of the previous analysis to give a brief discussion of the wavelet approximation of the Stokes problem, for Dirichlet boundary conditions.

  7. The Ritz Method for Boundary Problems with Essential Conditions as Constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vojin Jovanovic

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We give an elementary derivation of an extension of the Ritz method to trial functions that do not satisfy essential boundary conditions. As in the Babuška-Brezzi approach boundary conditions are treated as variational constraints and Lagrange multipliers are used to remove them. However, we avoid the saddle point reformulation of the problem and therefore do not have to deal with the Babuška-Brezzi inf-sup condition. In higher dimensions boundary weights are used to approximate the boundary conditions, and the assumptions in our convergence proof are stated in terms of completeness of the trial functions and of the boundary weights. These assumptions are much more straightforward to verify than the Babuška-Brezzi condition. We also discuss limitations of the method and implementation issues that follow from our analysis and examine a number of examples, both analytic and numerical.

  8. Initial-Boundary Value Problem Solution of the Nonlinear Shallow-water Wave Equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanoglu, U.; Aydin, B.

    2014-12-01

    The hodograph transformation solutions of the one-dimensional nonlinear shallow-water wave (NSW) equations are usually obtained through integral transform techniques such as Fourier-Bessel transforms. However, the original formulation of Carrier and Greenspan (1958 J Fluid Mech) and its variant Carrier et al. (2003 J Fluid Mech) involve evaluation integrals. Since elliptic integrals are highly singular as discussed in Carrier et al. (2003), this solution methodology requires either approximation of the associated integrands by smooth functions or selection of regular initial/boundary data. It should be noted that Kanoglu (2004 J Fluid Mech) partly resolves this issue by simplifying the resulting integrals in closed form. Here, the hodograph transform approach is coupled with the classical eigenfunction expansion method rather than integral transform techniques and a new analytical model for nonlinear long wave propagation over a plane beach is derived. This approach is based on the solution methodology used in Aydın & Kanoglu (2007 CMES-Comp Model Eng) for wind set-down relaxation problem. In contrast to classical initial- or boundary-value problem solutions, here, the NSW equations are formulated to yield an initial-boundary value problem (IBVP) solution. In general, initial wave profile with nonzero initial velocity distribution is assumed and the flow variables are given in the form of Fourier-Bessel series. The results reveal that the developed method allows accurate estimation of the spatial and temporal variation of the flow quantities, i.e., free-surface height and depth-averaged velocity, with much less computational effort compared to the integral transform techniques such as Carrier et al. (2003), Kanoglu (2004), Tinti & Tonini (2005 J Fluid Mech), and Kanoglu & Synolakis (2006 Phys Rev Lett). Acknowledgments: This work is funded by project ASTARTE- Assessment, STrategy And Risk Reduction for Tsunamis in Europe. Grant 603839, 7th FP (ENV.2013.6.4-3 ENV

  9. Dual reciprocity boundary element analysis for the laminar forced heat convection problem in concentric annulus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Choi, Chang Yong

    1999-01-01

    This paper presents a study of the Dual Reciprocity Boundary Element Method (DRBEM) for the laminar heat convection problem in a concentric annulus with constant heat flux boundary condition. DRBEM is one of the most successful technique used to transform the domain integrals arising from the nonhomogeneous term of the poisson equation into equivalent boundary only integrals. This recently developed and highly efficient numerical method is tested for the solution accuracy of the fluid flow and heat transfer study in a concentric annulus. Since their exact solutions are available, DRBEM solutions are verified with different number of boundary element discretization and internal points. The results obtained in this study are discussed with the relative error percentage of velocity and temperature solutions, and potential applicability of the method for the more complicated heat convection problems with arbitrary duct geometries

  10. A New Spectral Local Linearization Method for Nonlinear Boundary Layer Flow Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Motsa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose a simple and efficient method for solving highly nonlinear systems of boundary layer flow problems with exponentially decaying profiles. The algorithm of the proposed method is based on an innovative idea of linearizing and decoupling the governing systems of equations and reducing them into a sequence of subsystems of differential equations which are solved using spectral collocation methods. The applicability of the proposed method, hereinafter referred to as the spectral local linearization method (SLLM, is tested on some well-known boundary layer flow equations. The numerical results presented in this investigation indicate that the proposed method, despite being easy to develop and numerically implement, is very robust in that it converges rapidly to yield accurate results and is more efficient in solving very large systems of nonlinear boundary value problems of the similarity variable boundary layer type. The accuracy and numerical stability of the SLLM can further be improved by using successive overrelaxation techniques.

  11. Biophysics at the Boundaries: The Next Problem Sets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skolnick, Malcolm

    2009-03-01

    The interface between physics and biology is one of the fastest growing subfields of physics. As knowledge of such topics as cellular processes and complex ecological systems advances, researchers have found that progress in understanding these and other systems requires application of more quantitative approaches. Today, there is a growing demand for quantitative and computational skills in biological research and the commercialization of that research. The fragmented teaching of science in our universities still leaves biology outside the quantitative and mathematical culture that is the foundation of physics. This is particularly inopportune at a time when the needs for quantitative thinking about biological systems are exploding. More physicists should be encouraged to become active in research and development in the growing application fields of biophysics including molecular genetics, biomedical imaging, tissue generation and regeneration, drug development, prosthetics, neural and brain function, kinetics of nonequilibrium open biological systems, metabolic networks, biological transport processes, large-scale biochemical networks and stochastic processes in biochemical systems to name a few. In addition to moving into basic research in these areas, there is increasing opportunity for physicists in industry beginning with entrepreneurial roles in taking research results out of the laboratory and in the industries who perfect and market the inventions and developments that physicists produce. In this talk we will identify and discuss emerging opportunities for physicists in biophysical and biotechnological pursuits ranging from basic research through development of applications and commercialization of results. This will include discussion of the roles of physicists in non-traditional areas apart from academia such as patent law, financial analysis and regulatory science and the problem sets assigned in education and training that will enable future

  12. Polynomial Solutions of the Boundary Value Problems for the Poisson Equation in a Layer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. D. Algazin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that the Dirichlet problem for the Laplace equation in a ball has a unique polynomial solution (harmonic polynomial in the case if the given boundary value is the trace of an arbitrary polynomial on the sphere. S.M.Nikol'skii generalized this result in the case of a boundary value problem of the first kind for a linear differential self-adjoint operator of the order 2l with constant coefficients (in particular polyharmonic and for a domain that is an ellipsoid in Rn. For a polyharmonic equation in a ball (homogeneous and inhomogeneous, V.V. Karachik proposed the Almansi formula-based algorithm to construct a polynomial solution of the Dirichlet problem.The paper considers the Poisson equation with the polynomial right-hand side in a multidimensional infinite layer bounded by two hyper-planes. Shows that the Dirichlet boundary value problem and the mixed Dirichlet-Neumann boundary value problem with polynomial boundary conditions have a unique solution in the class of functions of polynomial growth, and this solution is a polynomial. Gives an algorithm for constructing this polynomial solution and considers examples. In particular, presents formulas to give exact values of certain integrals (including multi-dimensional ones and sums of trigonometric series.

  13. Numerical Solution of Seventh-Order Boundary Value Problems by a Novel Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Inc

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We demonstrate the efficiency of reproducing kernel Hilbert space method on the seventh-order boundary value problems satisfying boundary conditions. These results have been compared with the results that are obtained by variational iteration method (VIM, homotopy perturbation method (HPM, Adomian decomposition method (ADM, variation of parameters method (VPM, and homotopy analysis method (HAM. Obtained results show that our method is very effective.

  14. On nonlinear boundary value problems with deviating arguments and discontinuous right hand side

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. C. Dhage

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we shall study the existence of the extremal solutions of a nonlinear boundary value problem of a second order differential equation with general Dirichlet/Neumann form boundary conditions. The right hand side of the differential equation is assumed to contain a deviating argument, and it is allowed to possess discontinuities in all the variables. The proof is based on a generalized iteration method.

  15. Numerical solution of an edge flame boundary value problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shields, Benjamin; Freund, Jonathan; Pantano, Carlos

    2016-11-01

    We study edge flames for modeling extinction, reignition, and flame lifting in turbulent non-premixed combustion. An adaptive resolution finite element method is developed for solving a strained laminar edge flame in the intrinsic moving frame of reference of a spatially evolving shear layer. The variable-density zero Mach Navier-Stokes equations are used to solve for both advancing and retreating edge flames. The eigenvalues of the system are determined simultaneously (implicitly) with the scalar fields using a Schur complement strategy. A homotopy transformation over density is used to transition from constant- to variable-density, and pseudo arc-length continuation is used for parametric tracing of solutions. Full details of the edge flames as a function of strain and Lewis numbers will be discussed. This material is based upon work supported [in part] by the Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, under Award Number DE-NA0002374.

  16. Integro-differential equations of fractional order with nonlocal fractional boundary conditions associated with financial asset model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bashir Ahmad

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we discuss the existence of solutions for a boundary-value problem of integro-differential equations of fractional order with nonlocal fractional boundary conditions by means of some standard tools of fixed point theory. Our problem describes a more general form of fractional stochastic dynamic model for financial asset. An illustrative example is also presented.

  17. Simple and accurate correlations for some problems of heat conduction with nonhomogeneous boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laraqi Najib

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Heat conduction in solids subjected to non-homogenous boundary conditions leads to singularities in terms of heat flux density. That kind of issues can be also encountered in various scientists’ fields as electromagnetism, electrostatic, electrochemistry and mechanics. These problems are difficult to solve by using the classical methods such as integral transforms or separation of variables. These methods lead to solving of dual integral equations or Fredholm integral equations, which are not easy to use. The present work addresses the calculation of thermal resistance of a finite medium submitted to conjugate surface Neumann and Dirichlet conditions, which are defined by a band-shape heat source and a uniform temperature. The opposite surface is subjected to a homogeneous boundary condition such uniform temperature, or insulation. The proposed solving process is based on simple and accurate correlations that provide the thermal resistance as a function of the ratio of the size of heat source and the depth of the medium. A judicious scale analysis is performed in order to fix the asymptotic behaviour at the limits of the value of the geometric parameter. The developed correlations are very simple to use and are valid regardless of the values of the defined geometrical parameter. The performed validations by comparison with numerical modelling demonstrate the relevant agreement of the solutions to address singularity calculation issues.

  18. Existence and uniqueness of entropy solution to initial boundary value problem for the inviscid Burgers equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhu, Changjiang; Duan, Renjun

    2003-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the existence and uniqueness of the entropy solution to the initial boundary value problem for the inviscid Burgers equation. To apply the method of vanishing viscosity to study the existence of the entropy solution, we first introduce the initial boundary value problem for the viscous Burgers equation, and as in Evans (1998 Partial Differential Equations (Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society) and Hopf (1950 Commun. Pure Appl. Math. 3 201-30), give the formula of the corresponding viscosity solutions by Hopf-Cole transformation. Secondly, we prove the convergence of the viscosity solution sequences and verify that the limiting function is an entropy solution. Finally, we give an example to show how our main result can be applied to solve the initial boundary value problem for the Burgers equation

  19. Reconsidering the boundary conditions for a dynamic, transient mode I crack problem

    KAUST Repository

    Leise, Tanya

    2008-11-01

    A careful examination of a dynamic mode I crack problem leads to the conclusion that the commonly used boundary conditions do not always hold in the case of an applied crack face loading, so that a modification is required to satisfy the equations. In particular, a transient compressive stress wave travels along the crack faces, moving outward from the loading region on the crack face. This does not occur in the quasistatic or steady state problems, and is a special feature of the transient dynamic problem that is important during the time interval immediately following the application of crack face loading. We demonstrate why the usual boundary conditions lead to a prediction of crack face interpenetration, and then examine how to modify the boundary condition for a semi-infinite crack with a cohesive zone. Numerical simulations illustrate the resulting approach.

  20. Coastal boundary layers in ocean modelling: an application to the Adriatic Sea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malanotte Rizzoli, P.; Dell'Orto, F.

    1981-01-01

    Boundary layers play an important role in modelling geophysical fluid-dynamical flows, in as much as they constitute regions of ageostrophic dynamics in which the physical balances characterizing the main interior of the water mass break down. A short synopsis is given of important boundary layers in ocean circulation modelling with specific emphasis drawn upon side wall boundary layers, namely those adjacent to the coastlines of the considered basin. Application of boundary layer analysis is thereafter made for one specific phenomenological situation, namely the Northern Adriatic Sea and the problem posed by its wintertime seasonal circulation. The analysis furnishes a mathematical model fo the coastal strip adjacent to the Italian shoreline, treated as a boundary layer in the density field, starting from general model equations valid throughout the interior of the Northern Adriatic. The boundary layer model is consequently used to modify the side wall boundary condition for the interior density field. Related numerical experiments are shown and compared with previous standard experiments in which the boundary layer contribution to the density field has not been considered. (author)

  1. Modelling of a collage problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelaziz Ait Moussa

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we study the behavior of elastic adherents connected with an adhesive. We use the $Gamma$-convergence method to approximate the problem modelling the assemblage with density energies assumed to be quasiconvex. In particular for the adhesive problem, we assume periodic density energy and some growth conditions with respect to the spherical and deviational components of the gradient. We obtain a problem depending on small parameters linked to the thickness and the stiffness of the adhesive.

  2. Boundary value problem for the nonlinear analogues of the Boussinesq equation: Numerical solution and its stability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sherif Amirov

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The recent work on the solvability of the boundary value problem for the nonlinear analogue of the Boussinesq equation has been further extended to focus on the characteristics of the solution. Since this type of equation does not have a known analytical solution for arbitrary boundary conditions, the problem has been solved numerically. The stability of the solution and the effect of the input function on the stability have been investigated from the physics point of view. For the special case of a discontinuous function at the right hand side of the equation, the solution has been analyzed around the discontinuity points.

  3. Boundary value problem for phase retrieval from unidirectional X-ray differential phase images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasilov, Sergei; Mittone, Alberto; Horng, Annie; Bravin, Alberto; Baumbach, Tilo; Geith, Tobias; Reiser, Maximilian; Coan, Paola

    2015-05-18

    The phase retrieval problem can be reduced to the second order partial differential equation. In order to retrieve the absolute values of the X-ray phase and to minimize the reconstruction artifacts we defined the mixed inhomogeneous boundary condition using available a priori information about the sample. Finite element technique was used to solve the boundary value problem. The approach is validated on numerical and experimental phantoms. In order to demonstrate a possible application of the method, we have processed an entire tomographic set of differential phase images and estimated the magnitude of the refractive index decrement for some tissues inside complex biomedical samples.

  4. A New technique of Initial Boundary Value Problems Using Homotopy Analysis Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, D. M.; Zhang, W.; Yao, M. H.; Liu, Y. L.

    2017-10-01

    In this paper, a new homotopy analysis technique which is applying to solve initial boundary value problems of partial differential equations by admitted both the initial and boundary conditions in the recursive relation to obtain a good approximate solution for the problem is proposed. The proposed iterative scheme finds the solution without any discretization, linearization, or restrictive assumptions. Furthermore, we can easily control and adjust the convergence domain and rate of series solutions by the convergence control parameter. The effectiveness of the approach is verified by several examples.

  5. Algebraic structures in generalized Clifford analysis and applications to boundary value problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Játem

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article has a threefold purpose: First it is a survey of the algebraic structures of generalized Clifford-type algebras and shows the main results of the corresponding Clifford-type analysis and its application to boundary value problems known so far. Second it is aimed to implement algorithms to provide the fast and accurate computation of boundary value problems for inhomogeneous equations in the framework of the generalized Clifford analysis. Finally it is also aimed to encourage the development of a generalized discrete Clifford analysis.

  6. POSITIVE SOLUTIONS OF A NONLINEAR THREE-POINT EIGENVALUE PROBLEM WITH INTEGRAL BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FAOUZI HADDOUCHI

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we study the existence of positive solutions of a three-point integral boundary value problem (BVP for the following second-order differential equation u''(t + \\lambda a(tf(u(t = 0; 0 0 is a parameter, 0 <\\eta < 1, 0 <\\alpha < 1/{\\eta}. . By using the properties of the Green's function and Krasnoselskii's fixed point theorem on cones, the eigenvalue intervals of the nonlinear boundary value problem are considered, some sufficient conditions for the existence of at least one positive solutions are established.

  7. Initial-boundary value problems associated with the Ablowitz-Ladik system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Baoqiang; Fokas, A. S.

    2018-02-01

    We employ the Ablowitz-Ladik system as an illustrative example in order to demonstrate how to analyze initial-boundary value problems for integrable nonlinear differential-difference equations via the unified transform (Fokas method). In particular, we express the solutions of the integrable discrete nonlinear Schrödinger and integrable discrete modified Korteweg-de Vries equations in terms of the solutions of appropriate matrix Riemann-Hilbert problems. We also discuss in detail, for both the above discrete integrable equations, the associated global relations and the process of eliminating of the unknown boundary values.

  8. Eigenvalue Problems for Systems of Nonlinear Boundary Value Problems on Time Scales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henderson J

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Values of λ are determined for which there exist positive solutions of the system of dynamic equations, , , for , satisfying the boundary conditions, , where is a time scale. A Guo-Krasnosel'skii fixed point-theorem is applied.

  9. The Laplace equation boundary value problems on bounded and unbounded Lipschitz domains

    CERN Document Server

    Medková, Dagmar

    2018-01-01

    This book is devoted to boundary value problems of the Laplace equation on bounded and unbounded Lipschitz domains. It studies the Dirichlet problem, the Neumann problem, the Robin problem, the derivative oblique problem, the transmission problem, the skip problem and mixed problems. It also examines different solutions - classical, in Sobolev spaces, in Besov spaces, in homogeneous Sobolev spaces and in the sense of non-tangential limit. It also explains relations between different solutions. The book has been written in a way that makes it as readable as possible for a wide mathematical audience, and includes all the fundamental definitions and propositions from other fields of mathematics. This book is of interest to research students, as well as experts in partial differential equations and numerical analysis.

  10. Modification of the Riemann problem and the application for the boundary conditions in computational fluid dynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyncl Martin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We work with the system of partial differential equations describing the non-stationary compressible turbulent fluid flow. It is a characteristic feature of the hyperbolic equations, that there is a possible raise of discontinuities in solutions, even in the case when the initial conditions are smooth. The fundamental problem in this area is the solution of the so-called Riemann problem for the split Euler equations. It is the elementary problem of the one-dimensional conservation laws with the given initial conditions (LIC - left-hand side, and RIC - right-hand side. The solution of this problem is required in many numerical methods dealing with the 2D/3D fluid flow. The exact (entropy weak solution of this hyperbolical problem cannot be expressed in a closed form, and has to be computed by an iterative process (to given accuracy, therefore various approximations of this solution are being used. The complicated Riemann problem has to be further modified at the close vicinity of boundary, where the LIC is given, while the RIC is not known. Usually, this boundary problem is being linearized, or roughly approximated. The inaccuracies implied by these simplifications may be small, but these have a huge impact on the solution in the whole studied area, especially for the non-stationary flow. Using the thorough analysis of the Riemann problem we show, that the RIC for the local problem can be partially replaced by the suitable complementary conditions. We suggest such complementary conditions accordingly to the desired preference. This way it is possible to construct the boundary conditions by the preference of total values, by preference of pressure, velocity, mass flow, temperature. Further, using the suitable complementary conditions, it is possible to simulate the flow in the vicinity of the diffusible barrier. On the contrary to the initial-value Riemann problem, the solution of such modified problems can be written in the closed form for some

  11. Flame balls for a free boundary combustion model with radiative transfer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Berg, G.J.B.; Guyonne, V.; Hulshof, J.

    2006-01-01

    We study radial flame ball solutions of a three-dimensional free boundary problem (FBP), which models combustion of a gaseous mixture with dust in a microgravity environment. The model combines diffusion of mass and temperature with reaction at the flame front, the reaction rate being temperature

  12. The boundary element method applied to 3D magneto-electro-elastic dynamic problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igumnov, L. A.; Markov, I. P.; Kuznetsov, Iu A.

    2017-11-01

    Due to the coupling properties, the magneto-electro-elastic materials possess a wide number of applications. They exhibit general anisotropic behaviour. Three-dimensional transient analyses of magneto-electro-elastic solids can hardly be found in the literature. 3D direct boundary element formulation based on the weakly-singular boundary integral equations in Laplace domain is presented in this work for solving dynamic linear magneto-electro-elastic problems. Integral expressions of the three-dimensional fundamental solutions are employed. Spatial discretization is based on a collocation method with mixed boundary elements. Convolution quadrature method is used as a numerical inverse Laplace transform scheme to obtain time domain solutions. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate the capability of the proposed approach to treat highly dynamic problems.

  13. The Dirichlet problem with L2-boundary data for elliptic linear equations

    CERN Document Server

    Chabrowski, Jan

    1991-01-01

    The Dirichlet problem has a very long history in mathematics and its importance in partial differential equations, harmonic analysis, potential theory and the applied sciences is well-known. In the last decade the Dirichlet problem with L2-boundary data has attracted the attention of several mathematicians. The significant features of this recent research are the use of weighted Sobolev spaces, existence results for elliptic equations under very weak regularity assumptions on coefficients, energy estimates involving L2-norm of a boundary data and the construction of a space larger than the usual Sobolev space W1,2 such that every L2-function on the boundary of a given set is the trace of a suitable element of this space. The book gives a concise account of main aspects of these recent developments and is intended for researchers and graduate students. Some basic knowledge of Sobolev spaces and measure theory is required.

  14. Mathematical problems in modeling artificial heart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed N. U.

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we discuss some problems arising in mathematical modeling of artificial hearts. The hydrodynamics of blood flow in an artificial heart chamber is governed by the Navier-Stokes equation, coupled with an equation of hyperbolic type subject to moving boundary conditions. The flow is induced by the motion of a diaphragm (membrane inside the heart chamber attached to a part of the boundary and driven by a compressor (pusher plate. On one side of the diaphragm is the blood and on the other side is the compressor fluid. For a complete mathematical model it is necessary to write the equation of motion of the diaphragm and all the dynamic couplings that exist between its position, velocity and the blood flow in the heart chamber. This gives rise to a system of coupled nonlinear partial differential equations; the Navier-Stokes equation being of parabolic type and the equation for the membrane being of hyperbolic type. The system is completed by introducing all the necessary static and dynamic boundary conditions. The ultimate objective is to control the flow pattern so as to minimize hemolysis (damage to red blood cells by optimal choice of geometry, and by optimal control of the membrane for a given geometry. The other clinical problems, such as compatibility of the material used in the construction of the heart chamber, and the membrane, are not considered in this paper. Also the dynamics of the valve is not considered here, though it is also an important element in the overall design of an artificial heart. We hope to model the valve dynamics in later paper.

  15. The Approximate Solution of Some Plane Boundary Value Problems of the Moment Theory of Elasticity

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    Roman Janjgava

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We consider a two-dimensional system of differential equations of the moment theory of elasticity. The general solution of this system is represented by two arbitrary harmonic functions and solution of the Helmholtz equation. Based on the general solution, an algorithm of constructing approximate solutions of boundary value problems is developed. Using the proposed method, the approximate solutions of some problems on stress concentration on the contours of holes are constructed. The values of stress concentration coefficients obtained in the case of moment elasticity and for the classical elastic medium are compared. In the final part of the paper, we construct the approximate solution of a nonlocal problem whose exact solution is already known and compare our approximate solution with the exact one. Supposedly, the proposed method makes it possible to construct approximate solutions of quite a wide class of boundary value problems.

  16. Student Solutions Manual to Boundary Value Problems and Partial Differential Equations

    CERN Document Server

    Powers, David L

    2005-01-01

    This student solutions manual accompanies the text, Boundary Value Problems and Partial Differential Equations, 5e. The SSM is available in print via PDF or electronically, and provides the student with the detailed solutions of the odd-numbered problems contained throughout the book.Provides students with exercises that skillfully illustrate the techniques used in the text to solve science and engineering problemsNearly 900 exercises ranging in difficulty from basic drills to advanced problem-solving exercisesMany exercises based on current engineering applications

  17. Numerical solution of singularity-perturbed two-point boundary-value problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Masenge, R.W.P.

    1993-07-01

    Physical processes which involve transportation of slowly diffusing substances in a fast-flowing medium are mathematically modelled by so-called singularly-perturbed second order convection diffusion differential equations in which the convective first order terms dominate over the diffusive second order terms. In general, analytical solutions of such equations are characterized by having sharp solution fronts in some sections of the interior and/or the boundary of the domain of solution. The presence of these (usually very narrow) layer regions in the solution domain makes the task of globally approximating such solutions by standard numerical techniques very difficult. In this expository paper we use a simple one-dimensional prototype problem as a vehicle for analysing the nature of the numerical approximation difficulties involved. In the sequel we present, without detailed derivation, two practical numerical schemes which succeed in varying degrees in numerically resolving the layer of the solution to the prototype problem. (author). 3 refs, 1 fig., 1 tab

  18. Asymptotics for inhomogeneous Dirichlet initial-boundary value problem for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaikina, Elena I., E-mail: ekaikina@matmor.unam.mx [Centro de Ciencias Matemáticas, UNAM Campus Morelia, AP 61-3 (Xangari), Morelia CP 58089, Michoacán (Mexico)

    2013-11-15

    We consider the inhomogeneous Dirichlet initial-boundary value problem for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation, formulated on a half-line. We study traditionally important problems of the theory of nonlinear partial differential equations, such as global in time existence of solutions to the initial-boundary value problem and the asymptotic behavior of solutions for large time.

  19. Asymptotics for inhomogeneous Dirichlet initial-boundary value problem for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaikina, Elena I.

    2013-01-01

    We consider the inhomogeneous Dirichlet initial-boundary value problem for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation, formulated on a half-line. We study traditionally important problems of the theory of nonlinear partial differential equations, such as global in time existence of solutions to the initial-boundary value problem and the asymptotic behavior of solutions for large time

  20. Existence of three solutions for impulsive nonlinear fractional boundary value problems

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    Shapour Heidarkhani

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work we present new criteria on the existence of three solutions for a class of impulsive nonlinear fractional boundary-value problems depending on two parameters. We use variational methods for smooth functionals defined on reflexive Banach spaces in order to achieve our results.

  1. Multiple Positive Solutions for a Fractional Boundary Value Problem with Fractional Integral Deviating Argument

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Guezane-Lakoud

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This work is devoted to the existence of positive solutions for a fractional boundary value problem with fractional integral deviating argument. The proofs of the main results are based on Guo-Krasnoselskii fixed point theorem and Avery and Peterson fixed point theorem. Two examples are given to illustrate the obtained results, ending the paper.

  2. L^p-continuity of solutions to parabolic free boundary problems

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    Abdeslem Lyaghfouri

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we consider a class of parabolic free boundary problems. We establish some properties of the solutions, including L^infinity-regularity in time and a monotonicity property, from which we deduce strong L^p-continuity in time.

  3. Geopotential coefficient determination and the gravimetric boundary value problem: A new approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sjoeberg, Lars E.

    1989-01-01

    New integral formulas to determine geopotential coefficients from terrestrial gravity and satellite altimetry data are given. The formulas are based on the integration of data over the non-spherical surface of the Earth. The effect of the topography to low degrees and orders of coefficients is estimated numerically. Formulas for the solution of the gravimetric boundary value problem are derived.

  4. The Method of Subsuper Solutions for Weighted p(r-Laplacian Equation Boundary Value Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhimei Qiu

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the existence of solutions for weighted p(r-Laplacian ordinary boundary value problems. Our method is based on Leray-Schauder degree. As an application, we give the existence of weak solutions for p(x-Laplacian partial differential equations.

  5. Remark on periodic boundary-value problem for second-order linear ordinary differential equations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dosoudilová, M.; Lomtatidze, Alexander

    2018-01-01

    Roč. 2018, č. 13 (2018), s. 1-7 ISSN 1072-6691 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : second-order linear equation * periodic boundary value problem * unique solvability Subject RIV: BA - General Math ematics OBOR OECD: Applied math ematics Impact factor: 0.954, year: 2016 https://ejde. math .txstate.edu/Volumes/2018/13/abstr.html

  6. A New Numerical Algorithm for Two-Point Boundary Value Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Guo, Lihua; Wu, Boying; Zhang, Dazhi

    2014-01-01

    We present a new numerical algorithm for two-point boundary value problems. We first present the exact solution in the form of series and then prove that the n-term numerical solution converges uniformly to the exact solution. Furthermore, we establish the numerical stability and error analysis. The numerical results show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

  7. Boundary-value problems for first and second order functional differential inclusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shihuang Hong

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents sufficient conditions for the existence of solutions to boundary-value problems of first and second order multi-valued differential equations in Banach spaces. Our results obtained using fixed point theorems, and lead to new existence principles.

  8. On the Existence of Positive Solutions for a Fourth-Order Boundary Value Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yumei Zou

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available By using the method of order reduction and the fixed point index, the existence of positive solutions for a fourth-order boundary value problem is studied. We provide conditions under which the existence results hold. Such conditions are related to the first eigenvalue corresponding to the relevant linear differential equation with dependence on the derivatives of unknown function.

  9. A total linearization method for solving viscous free boundary flow problems by the finite element method

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruyt, Nicolaas P.; Cuvelier, C.; Segal, A.; van der Zanden, J.

    1988-01-01

    In this paper a total linearization method is derived for solving steady viscous free boundary flow problems (including capillary effects) by the finite element method. It is shown that the influence of the geometrical unknown in the totally linearized weak formulation can be expressed in terms of

  10. Integral methods of solving boundary-value problems of nonstationary heat conduction and their comparative analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kot, V. A.

    2017-11-01

    The modern state of approximate integral methods used in applications, where the processes of heat conduction and heat and mass transfer are of first importance, is considered. Integral methods have found a wide utility in different fields of knowledge: problems of heat conduction with different heat-exchange conditions, simulation of thermal protection, Stefantype problems, microwave heating of a substance, problems on a boundary layer, simulation of a fluid flow in a channel, thermal explosion, laser and plasma treatment of materials, simulation of the formation and melting of ice, inverse heat problems, temperature and thermal definition of nanoparticles and nanoliquids, and others. Moreover, polynomial solutions are of interest because the determination of a temperature (concentration) field is an intermediate stage in the mathematical description of any other process. The following main methods were investigated on the basis of the error norms: the Tsoi and Postol’nik methods, the method of integral relations, the Gudman integral method of heat balance, the improved Volkov integral method, the matched integral method, the modified Hristov method, the Mayer integral method, the Kudinov method of additional boundary conditions, the Fedorov boundary method, the method of weighted temperature function, the integral method of boundary characteristics. It was established that the two last-mentioned methods are characterized by high convergence and frequently give solutions whose accuracy is not worse that the accuracy of numerical solutions.

  11. The Sturm-Liouville inverse spectral problem with boundary conditions depending on the spectral parameter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelis van der Mee

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available We present the complete version including proofs of the results announced in [van der Mee C., Pivovarchik V.: A Sturm-Liouville spectral problem with boundary conditions depending on the spectral parameter. Funct. Anal. Appl. 36 (2002, 315–317 [Funkts. Anal. Prilozh. 36 (2002, 74–77 (Russian

  12. Positive solutions of multi-point boundary value problem of fractional differential equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De-xiang Ma

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available By means of two fixed-point theorems on a cone in Banach spaces, some existence and multiplicity results of positive solutions of a nonlinear fractional differential equation boundary value problem are obtained. The proofs are based upon some properties of Green’s function, which are also the key of the paper.

  13. Theorems on differential inequalities and periodic boundary value problem for second-order ordinary differential equations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lomtatidze, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 67, č. 1 (2016), s. 1-129 ISSN 1512-0015 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : periodic boundary value problem * positive solution * singular equation Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://rmi.tsu.ge/jeomj/memoirs/vol67/abs67-1.htm

  14. BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM FOR A LOADED EQUATION ELLIPTIC-HYPERBOLIC TYPE IN A DOUBLY CONNECTED DOMAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.Kh. Abdullaev

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available We study the existence and uniqueness of the solution of one boundary value problem for the loaded elliptic-hyperbolic equation of the second order with two lines of change of type in double-connected domain. Similar results have been received by D.M.Kuryhazov, when investigated domain is one-connected.

  15. The focal boundary value problem for strongly singular higher-order nonlinear functional-differential equations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mukhigulashvili, Sulkhan; Půža, B.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 2015, January (2015), s. 17 ISSN 1687-2770 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : higher order nonlinear functional-differential equations * two-point right-focal boundary value problem * strong singularity Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.642, year: 2015 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186%2Fs13661-014-0277-1

  16. Existence results for boundary-value problems with nonlinear fractional differential inclusions and integral conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samira Hamani

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the authors establish sufficient conditions for the existence of solutions for a class of boundary value problem for fractional differential inclusions involving the Caputo fractional derivative and nonlinear integral conditions. Both cases of convex and nonconvex valued right hand sides are considered. The topological structure of the set of solutions also examined.

  17. L1-Solutions of Boundary Value Problems for Implicit Fractional Order Differential Equations

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    Mouffak Benchohra

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present new results on the existence of solutions for a class of boundary value problem for fractional order implicit differential equations involving the Caputo fractional derivative. Our results are based on Schauder's fixed point theorem and the Banach contraction principle fixed point theorem.

  18. Infinitely Many Solutions for a Boundary Value Problem with Discontinuous Nonlinearities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The existence of infinitely many solutions for a Sturm-Liouville boundary value problem, under an appropriate oscillating behavior of the possibly discontinuous nonlinear term, is obtained. Several special cases and consequences are pointed out and some examples are presented. The technical approach is mainly based on a result of infinitely many critical points for locally Lipschitz functions.

  19. Remark on periodic boundary-value problem for second-order linear ordinary differential equations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dosoudilová, M.; Lomtatidze, Alexander

    2018-01-01

    Roč. 2018, č. 13 (2018), s. 1-7 ISSN 1072-6691 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : second-order linear equation * periodic boundary value problem * unique solvability Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics OBOR OECD: Applied mathematics Impact factor: 0.954, year: 2016 https://ejde.math.txstate.edu/Volumes/2018/13/abstr.html

  20. Integral boundary-value problem for impulsive fractional functional differential equations with infinite delay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Archana Chauhan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we establish a general framework for finding solutions for impulsive fractional integral boundary-value problems. Then, we prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions by applying well known fixed point theorems. The obtained results are illustrated with an example for their feasibility.

  1. The nonlocal boundary value problems for strongly singular higher-order nonlinear functional-differential equations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mukhigulashvili, Sulkhan

    -, č. 35 (2015), s. 23-50 ISSN 1126-8042 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : higher order functional differential equations * Dirichlet boundary value problem * strong singularity Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://ijpam.uniud.it/online_issue/201535/03-Mukhigulashvili.pdf

  2. Initial boundary value problem for a system in elastodynamics with viscosity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kayyunnapara Thomas Joseph

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we prove existence of global solutions to boundary-value problems for two systems with a small viscosity coefficient and derive estimates uniform in the viscosity parameter. We do not assume any smallness conditions on the data.

  3. Existence of global solutions to free boundary value problems for bipolar Navier-Stokes-Possion systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Liu

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we consider the free boundary value problem for one-dimensional compressible bipolar Navier-Stokes-Possion (BNSP equations with density-dependent viscosities. For general initial data with finite energy and the density connecting with vacuum continuously, we prove the global existence of the weak solution. This extends the previous results for compressible NS [27] to NSP.

  4. Existence of solutions for a boundary problem involving p(x-biharmonic operator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdel Rachid El Amrouss

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we establish the existence of at least three solutions to a boundary problem involving the p(x-biharmonic operator. Our technical approach is based on theorem obtained by B. Ricceri's variational principale and local mountain pass theorem without (Palais.Smale condition.

  5. Fourth-Order Four-Point Boundary Value Problem: A Solutions Funnel Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panos K. Palamides

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the existence of positive or a negative solution of several classes of four-point boundary-value problems for fourth-order ordinary differential equations. Although these problems do not always admit a (positive Green's function, the obtained solution is still of definite sign. Furthermore, we prove the existence of an entire continuum of solutions. Our technique relies on the continuum property (connectedness and compactness of the solutions funnel (Kneser's Theorem, combined with the corresponding vector field.

  6. Numerical solution of the right boundary condition inverse problem for the Black-Scholes equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgiev, Slavi G.; Vulkov, Lubin G.

    2017-12-01

    In this work we report the development of an algorithm to solve inverse problems of determining the right boundary condition according to a measurement inside a truncated domain for the Black-Scholes equation. The difference schemes for the direct and inverse problems are derived on non-uniform Tavella-Randall grids. We propose and discuss results of computational experiments for several European options.

  7. On boundary value problems for degenerate differential inclusions in Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeri Obukhovskii

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available We consider the applications of the theory of condensing set-valued maps, the theory of set-valued linear operators, and the topological degree theory of the existence of mild solutions for a class of degenerate differential inclusions in a reflexive Banach space. Further, these techniques are used to obtain the solvability of general boundary value problems for a given class of inclusions. Some particular cases including periodic problems are considered.

  8. Boundary Value Problems for a Super-Sublinear Asymmetric Oscillator: The Exact Number of Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armands Gritsans

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Properties of asymmetric oscillator described by the equation (i, where and , are studied. A set of such that the problem (i, (ii, and (iii have a nontrivial solution, is called α-spectrum. We give full description of α-spectra in terms of solution sets and solution surfaces. The exact number of nontrivial solutions of the two-parameter Dirichlet boundary value problem (i, and (ii is given.

  9. Existence and uniqueness for a two-point interface boundary value problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakhim Aitbayev

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available We obtain sufficient conditions, easily verifiable, for the existence and uniqueness of piecewise smooth solutions of a linear two-point boundary-value problem with general interface conditions. The coefficients of the differential equation may have jump discontinuities at the interface point. As an example, the conditions obtained are applied to a problem with typical interface such as perfect contact, non-perfect contact, and flux jump conditions.

  10. Comparison, existence, uniqueness and successive approximations for two-point boundary value problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vidossich, G.

    1979-01-01

    Bailey, Shampine and Waltman developed an existence theory for two-point boundary value problems of second order differential equations whose second members satisfy one-sided Lipschitz conditions. It is suggested that solutions should exist in a much more general situation. A comparison result is given and applied to uniqueness and existence of the Picard problem as well as to the convergence of successive approximation for this. (author)

  11. Unsteady boundary layer development on a wind turbine blade: an experimental study of a surrogate problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadel, Daniel R.; Zhang, Di; Lowe, K. Todd; Paterson, Eric G.

    2018-04-01

    Wind turbines with thick blade profiles experience turbulent, periodic approach flow, leading to unsteady blade loading and large torque fluctuations on the turbine drive shaft. Presented here is an experimental study of a surrogate problem representing some key aspects of the wind turbine unsteady fluid mechanics. This experiment has been designed through joint consideration by experiment and computation, with the ultimate goal of numerical model development for aerodynamics in unsteady and turbulent flows. A cylinder at diameter Reynolds number of 65,000 and Strouhal number of 0.184 is placed 10.67 diameters upstream of a NACA 63215b airfoil with chord Reynolds number of 170,000 and chord-reduced frequency of k=2π fc/2/V=1.5. Extensive flow field measurements using particle image velocimetry provide a number of insights about this flow, as well as data for model validation and development. Velocity contours on the airfoil suction side in the presence of the upstream cylinder indicate a redistribution of turbulent normal stresses from transverse to streamwise, consistent with rapid distortion theory predictions. A study of the boundary layer over the suction side of the airfoil reveals very low Reynolds number turbulent mean streamwise velocity profiles. The dominance of the high amplitude large eddy passages results in a phase lag in streamwise velocity as a function of distance from the wall. The results and accompanying description provide a new test case incorporating moderate-reduced frequency inflow for computational model validation and development.

  12. Construction of local boundary conditions for an eigenvalue problem using micro-local analysis: application to optical waveguide problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barucq, Helene; Bekkey, Chokri; Djellouli, Rabia

    2004-01-01

    We present a general procedure based on the pseudo-differential calculus for deriving artificial boundary conditions for an eigenvalue problem that characterizes the propagation of guided modes in optical waveguides. This new approach allows the construction of local conditions that (a) are independent of the frequency regime, (b) preserve the sparsity pattern of the finite element discretization, and (c) are applicable to arbitrarily shaped convex artificial boundaries. The last feature has the potential for reducing the size of the computational domain. Numerical results are presented to highlight the potential of conditions of order 1/2 and 1, for improving significantly the computational efficiency of finite element methods for the solution of optical waveguide problems

  13. Mathematical problems in meteorological modelling

    CERN Document Server

    Csomós, Petra; Faragó, István; Horányi, András; Szépszó, Gabriella

    2016-01-01

    This book deals with mathematical problems arising in the context of meteorological modelling. It gathers and presents some of the most interesting and important issues from the interaction of mathematics and meteorology. It is unique in that it features contributions on topics like data assimilation, ensemble prediction, numerical methods, and transport modelling, from both mathematical and meteorological perspectives. The derivation and solution of all kinds of numerical prediction models require the application of results from various mathematical fields. The present volume is divided into three parts, moving from mathematical and numerical problems through air quality modelling, to advanced applications in data assimilation and probabilistic forecasting. The book arose from the workshop “Mathematical Problems in Meteorological Modelling” held in Budapest in May 2014 and organized by the ECMI Special Interest Group on Numerical Weather Prediction. Its main objective is to highlight the beauty of the de...

  14. Conforming discretizations of boundary element solutions to the electroencephalography forward problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmouni, Lyes; Adrian, Simon B.; Cools, Kristof; Andriulli, Francesco P.

    2018-01-01

    discretization based on dual boundary elements residing on a suitably defined dual mesh. We devote also a particular attention to implementation-oriented details of our new technique that will allow the rapid incorporation of our finding in one's own EEG forward solution technology. We conclude by showing how the resulting forward EEG problems show favorable properties with respect to previously proposed schemes, and we show their applicability to real-case modeling scenarios obtained from Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) data. xml:lang="fr" Malheureusement, il est également reconnu dans la littérature que leur précision diminue particulièrement lorsque la source de courant est dipolaire et se situe près de la surface du cerveau. Ce défaut constitue une importante limitation, étant donné qu'au cours d'une session d'imagerie EEG à haute résolution, plusieurs solutions du problème direct EEG sont requises, pour lesquelles les sources de courant sont proches ou sur la surface de cerveau. Ce travail présente d'abord une analyse des opérateurs intervenant dans le problème direct et leur discrétisation. Nous montrons que plusieurs discrétisations couramment utilisées ne conviennent que dans un cadre L2, nécessitant que le terme d'expansion soit une fonction de carré intégrable. Dès lors, ces techniques ne sont pas cohérentes avec les propriétés spectrales des opérateurs en termes d'espaces de Sobolev d'ordre fractionnaire. Nous développons ensuite une nouvelle stratégie de discrétisation conforme aux espaces de Sobolev avec des fonctions d'expansion moins régulières, donnant lieu à une nouvelle formulation intégrale. Le solveur résultant présente des propriétés favorables par rapport aux méthodes existantes et réduit sensiblement le recours à un maillage adaptatif et autres stratégies actuellement requises pour améliorer la précision du calcul. Les résultats numériques présentés corroborent les développements théoriques et mettent en

  15. Existence of 2m-1 Positive Solutions for Sturm-Liouville Boundary Value Problems with Linear Functional Boundary Conditions on the Half-Line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanmei Sun

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available By using the Leggett-Williams fixed theorem, we establish the existence of multiple positive solutions for second-order nonhomogeneous Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems with linear functional boundary conditions. One explicit example with singularity is presented to demonstrate the application of our main results.

  16. On General boundary value problem for an elliptic higher order equation in the plane with constant real coefficients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogan, Yu A.

    2017-10-01

    By means of a new approach, the general boundary value problem for a higher order elliptic equation with two independent variables, and a normal set of boundary conditions and simple complex characteristics is reduced to the Fredholm system of integral equations in a bounded region with a smooth boundary.

  17. An analytical approximation scheme to two-point boundary value problems of ordinary differential equations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boisseau, Bruno; Forgacs, Peter; Giacomini, Hector

    2007-01-01

    A new (algebraic) approximation scheme to find global solutions of two-point boundary value problems of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) is presented. The method is applicable for both linear and nonlinear (coupled) ODEs whose solutions are analytic near one of the boundary points. It is based on replacing the original ODEs by a sequence of auxiliary first-order polynomial ODEs with constant coefficients. The coefficients in the auxiliary ODEs are uniquely determined from the local behaviour of the solution in the neighbourhood of one of the boundary points. The problem of obtaining the parameters of the global (connecting) solutions, analytic at one of the boundary points, reduces to find the appropriate zeros of algebraic equations. The power of the method is illustrated by computing the approximate values of the 'connecting parameters' for a number of nonlinear ODEs arising in various problems in field theory. We treat in particular the static and rotationally symmetric global vortex, the skyrmion, the Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olesen vortex, as well as the 't Hooft-Polyakov magnetic monopole. The total energy of the skyrmion and of the monopole is also computed by the new method. We also consider some ODEs coming from the exact renormalization group. The ground-state energy level of the anharmonic oscillator is also computed for arbitrary coupling strengths with good precision. (fast track communication)

  18. A new approach to the solution of boundary value problems involving complex configurations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubbert, P. E.; Bussoletti, J. E.; Johnson, F. T.; Sidwell, K. W.; Rowe, W. S.; Samant, S. S.; Sengupta, G.; Weatherill, W. H.; Burkhart, R. H.; Woo, A. C.

    1986-01-01

    A new approach for solving certain types of boundary value problems about complex configurations is presented. Numerical algorithms from such diverse fields as finite elements, preconditioned Krylov subspace methods, discrete Fourier analysis, and integral equations are combined to take advantage of the memory, speed and architecture of current and emerging supercomputers. Although the approach has application to many branches of computational physics, the present effort is concentrated in areas of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) such as steady nonlinear aerodynamics, time harmonic unsteady aerodynamics, and aeroacoustics. The most significant attribute of the approach is that it can handle truly arbitrary boundary geometries and eliminates the difficult task of generating surface fitted grids.

  19. A Boundary Element-Response Matrix method for criticality diffusion problems in xyz geometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cossa, G.; Giusti, V.; Montagnini, B.

    2010-01-01

    The Boundary Element-Response Matrix (BERM) method shown in the paper aims to represent an alternative to the Finite Element method in order to solve 3D multigroup diffusion (criticality) problems in xyz geometry. The theory extends the previous work on the diffusion equations in two dimensions and new techniques for the evaluation of the integrals involved in the boundary integral equations, as well as new procedures for solving the resulting linear system, have greatly enhanced the performances of the method. Results show that BERM can achieve an excellent accuracy, still keeping a good computational efficiency.

  20. New method for solving the bending problem of rectangular plates with mixed boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Xin Min

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A new method is used to solve the rectangular plate bending problem with mixed boundary conditions. The method overcomes the complicated derivation of the classical solution by Fourth-order differential problem into integrating question. Under uniform loading rectangular plate bending problem with one side fixed the opposite side half simply supported half fixed the other two sides free rectangular plate, one side simply supported the opposite side half simply supported half fixed the other two sides free rectangular plate is systematically solved. According to the actual boundary conditions of the rectangular plate, the corresponding characteristic equation can easily be set up. It is presented deflection curve equation and the numerical calculation. By compared the results of the equation to the finite element program, we are able to demonstrate the correctness of the method. So the method not only has certain theoretical value, but also can be directly applied to engineering practice.

  1. A combined integrating- and differentiating-matrix formulation for boundary-value problems on rectangular domains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakin, W. D.

    1986-01-01

    Integrating and differentiating matrices allow the numerical integration and differential of functions whose values are known at points of a discrete grid. Previous derivations of these matrices were restricted to one dimensional grids or to rectangular grids with uniform spacing in at least one direction. Integrating and differentiating matrices were developed for grids with nonuniform spacing in both directions. The use of these matrices as operators to reformulate boundary value problems on rectangular domains as matrix problems for a finite dimensional solution vector is considered. The method requires nonuniform grids which include near boundary points. An eigenvalue problem for the transverse vibrations of a simply supported rectangular plate is solved to illustrate the method.

  2. A combined integrating and differentiating matrix formulation for boundary value problems on rectangular domains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakin, W. D.

    1986-01-01

    Integrating and differentiating matrices allow the numerical integration and differential of functions whose values are known at points of a discrete grid. Previous derivations of these matrices were restricted to one dimensional grids or to rectangular grids with uniform spacing in at least one direction. Integrating and differentiating matrices were developed for grids with nonuniform spacing in both directions. The use of these matrices as operators to reformulate boundary value problems on rectangular domains as matrix problems for a finite dimensional solution vector is considered. The method requires nonuniform grids which include near boundary points. An eigenvalue problem for the transverse vibrations of a simply supported rectangular plate is solved to illustrate the method.

  3. A boundary integral method for a dynamic, transient mode I crack problem with viscoelastic cohesive zone

    KAUST Repository

    Leise, Tanya L.

    2009-08-19

    We consider the problem of the dynamic, transient propagation of a semi-infinite, mode I crack in an infinite elastic body with a nonlinear, viscoelastic cohesize zone. Our problem formulation includes boundary conditions that preclude crack face interpenetration, in contrast to the usual mode I boundary conditions that assume all unloaded crack faces are stress-free. The nonlinear viscoelastic cohesive zone behavior is motivated by dynamic fracture in brittle polymers in which crack propagation is preceeded by significant crazing in a thin region surrounding the crack tip. We present a combined analytical/numerical solution method that involves reducing the problem to a Dirichlet-to-Neumann map along the crack face plane, resulting in a differo-integral equation relating the displacement and stress along the crack faces and within the cohesive zone. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

  4. Experimental studies on illposed singularly perturbed boundary value problems for parabolic differential equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reinhardt, Hans-Juergen, E-mail: reinhardt@mathematik.uni-siegen.de [Department of Mathematics, University of Siegen, Emmy-Noether-Campus, Walter-Flex-Str. 3, D-57072 Siegen (Germany)

    2011-04-01

    In this paper singularly perturbed parabolic initial-boundary value problems are considered which, in addition, are illposed. The latter means that at one end of the 1-d spatial domain two conditions (for the solution and its spatial derivative) are given while on the other end the corresponding quantities are to be determined. It is well-known that such problems are illposed in the mathematical sense. Here, in addition, boundary layers may occur which make the problems more difficult. For relatively simple examples numerical experiments have been carried out and numerical results are shown. The Conjugate Gradient Methods is used to find the desired quantities iteratively. It will be explained what has to be done in any iteration step. A regularisation is performed by means of discretization and by determining an optimal final iteration step via a stopping rule.

  5. Fictitious domain methods for elliptic problems with general boundary conditions with an application to the numerical simulation of two phase flows

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramiere, I.

    2006-09-01

    This work is dedicated to the introduction of two original fictitious domain methods for the resolution of elliptic problems (mainly convection-diffusion problems) with general and eventually mixed boundary conditions: Dirichlet, Robin or Neumann. The originality lies in the approximation of the immersed boundary by an approximate interface derived from the fictitious domain Cartesian mesh, which is generally not boundary-fitted to the physical domain. The same generic numerical scheme is used to impose the embedded boundary conditions. Hence, these methods require neither a surface mesh of the immersed boundary nor the local modification of the numerical scheme. We study two modelling of the immersed boundary. In the first one, called spread interface, the approximate immersed boundary is the union of the cells crossed by the physical immersed boundary. In the second one, called thin interface, the approximate immersed boundary lies on sides of mesh cells. Additional algebraic transmission conditions linking both flux and solution jumps through the thin approximate interface are introduced. The fictitious problem to solve as well as the treatment of the embedded boundary conditions are detailed for the two methods. A Q1 finite element scheme is implemented for the numerical validation of the spread interface approach while a new cell-centered finite volume scheme is derived for the thin interface approach with immersed jumps. Each method is then combined to multilevel local mesh refinement algorithms (with solution or flux residual) to increase the precision of the solution in the vicinity of the immersed interface. A convergence analysis of a Q1 finite element method with non-boundary fitted meshes is also presented. This study proves the convergence rates of the present methods. Among the various industrial applications, the simulation on a model of heat exchanger in french nuclear power plants enables us to appreciate the performances of the fictitious domain

  6. Continuum and Discrete Initial-Boundary Value Problems and Einstein's Field Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Sarbach

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Many evolution problems in physics are described by partial differential equations on an infinite domain; therefore, one is interested in the solutions to such problems for a given initial dataset. A prominent example is the binary black-hole problem within Einstein's theory of gravitation, in which one computes the gravitational radiation emitted from the inspiral of the two black holes, merger and ringdown. Powerful mathematical tools can be used to establish qualitative statements about the solutions, such as their existence, uniqueness, continuous dependence on the initial data, or their asymptotic behavior over large time scales. However, one is often interested in computing the solution itself, and unless the partial differential equation is very simple, or the initial data possesses a high degree of symmetry, this computation requires approximation by numerical discretization. When solving such discrete problems on a machine, one is faced with a finite limit to computational resources, which leads to the replacement of the infinite continuum domain with a finite computer grid. This, in turn, leads to a discrete initial-boundary value problem. The hope is to recover, with high accuracy, the exact solution in the limit where the grid spacing converges to zero with the boundary being pushed to infinity. The goal of this article is to review some of the theory necessary to understand the continuum and discrete initial boundary-value problems arising from hyperbolic partial differential equations and to discuss its applications to numerical relativity; in particular, we present well-posed initial and initial-boundary value formulations of Einstein's equations, and we discuss multi-domain high-order finite difference and spectral methods to solve them.

  7. Continuum and Discrete Initial-Boundary Value Problems and Einstein's Field Equations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarbach, Olivier; Tiglio, Manuel

    2012-01-01

    Many evolution problems in physics are described by partial differential equations on an infinite domain; therefore, one is interested in the solutions to such problems for a given initial dataset. A prominent example is the binary black-hole problem within Einstein's theory of gravitation, in which one computes the gravitational radiation emitted from the inspiral of the two black holes, merger and ringdown. Powerful mathematical tools can be used to establish qualitative statements about the solutions, such as their existence, uniqueness, continuous dependence on the initial data, or their asymptotic behavior over large time scales. However, one is often interested in computing the solution itself, and unless the partial differential equation is very simple, or the initial data possesses a high degree of symmetry, this computation requires approximation by numerical discretization. When solving such discrete problems on a machine, one is faced with a finite limit to computational resources, which leads to the replacement of the infinite continuum domain with a finite computer grid. This, in turn, leads to a discrete initial-boundary value problem. The hope is to recover, with high accuracy, the exact solution in the limit where the grid spacing converges to zero with the boundary being pushed to infinity. The goal of this article is to review some of the theory necessary to understand the continuum and discrete initial boundary-value problems arising from hyperbolic partial differential equations and to discuss its applications to numerical relativity; in particular, we present well-posed initial and initial-boundary value formulations of Einstein's equations, and we discuss multi-domain high-order finite difference and spectral methods to solve them.

  8. Simulation of unilateral contact problems departing from the classical boundary problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Frey, S.L.; Sampaio, R.; Gama, R.M.S. da.

    1989-08-01

    A numerical algorithm is proposed for simulating unilateral contact problems under the classical elasticity point of view. This simple algorithm may be employed by engineers with a minimum knowledge on classical elasticity. (A.C.A.S.) [pt

  9. K/S two-point-boundary-value problems. [for orbital trajectory optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jezewski, D. J.

    1976-01-01

    A method for developing the missing general K/S (Kustaanheimo/Stiefel) boundary conditions is presented, with use of the formalism of optimal control theory. As an illustrative example, the method is applied to the K/S Lambert problem to derive the missing terminal condition. The necessary equations are developed for a solution to this problem with the generalized eccentric anomaly, E, as the independent variable. This formulation, requiring the solution of only one nonlinear, well-behaved equation in one unknown, E, results in considerable simplification of the problem.

  10. Eigenvalues and symmetric positive solutions for a three-point boundary-value problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongping Sun

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we consider the second-order three-point boundary-value problem $$displaylines{ u''(t+f(t,u,u',u''=0,quad 0leq tleq 1,cr u(0=u(1=alpha u(eta. }$$ Under suitable conditions and using Schauder fixed point theorem, we prove the existence of at least one symmetric positive solution. We also study the existence of positive eigenvalues for this problem. We emphasis the highest-order derivative occurs nonlinearly in our problem.

  11. Modelling and parallel calculation of a kinetic boundary layer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perlat, Jean Philippe

    1998-01-01

    This research thesis aims at addressing reliability and cost issues in the calculation by numeric simulation of flows in transition regime. The first step has been to reduce calculation cost and memory space for the Monte Carlo method which is known to provide performance and reliability for rarefied regimes. Vector and parallel computers allow this objective to be reached. Here, a MIMD (multiple instructions, multiple data) machine has been used which implements parallel calculation at different levels of parallelization. Parallelization procedures have been adapted, and results showed that parallelization by calculation domain decomposition was far more efficient. Due to reliability issue related to the statistic feature of Monte Carlo methods, a new deterministic model was necessary to simulate gas molecules in transition regime. New models and hyperbolic systems have therefore been studied. One is chosen which allows thermodynamic values (density, average velocity, temperature, deformation tensor, heat flow) present in Navier-Stokes equations to be determined, and the equations of evolution of thermodynamic values are described for the mono-atomic case. Numerical resolution of is reported. A kinetic scheme is developed which complies with the structure of all systems, and which naturally expresses boundary conditions. The validation of the obtained 14 moment-based model is performed on shock problems and on Couette flows [fr

  12. Eigenvalue Problems for Systems of Nonlinear Boundary Value Problems on Time Scales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. K. Ntouyas

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Values of λ are determined for which there exist positive solutions of the system of dynamic equations, uΔΔ(t+λa(tf(v(σ(t=0, vΔΔ(t+λb(tg(u(σ(t=0, for t∈[0,1]T, satisfying the boundary conditions, u(0=0=u(σ2(1, v(0=0=v(σ2(1, where T is a time scale. A Guo-Krasnosel'skii fixed point-theorem is applied.

  13. (Environmental and geophysical modeling, fracture mechanics, and boundary element methods)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gray, L.J.

    1990-11-09

    Technical discussions at the various sites visited centered on application of boundary integral methods for environmental modeling, seismic analysis, and computational fracture mechanics in composite and smart'' materials. The traveler also attended the International Association for Boundary Element Methods Conference at Rome, Italy. While many aspects of boundary element theory and applications were discussed in the papers, the dominant topic was the analysis and application of hypersingular equations. This has been the focus of recent work by the author, and thus the conference was highly relevant to research at ORNL.

  14. An Existence Principle for Nonlocal Difference Boundary Value Problems with φ-Laplacian and Its Application to Singular Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svatoslav Stanêk

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents an existence principle for solving a large class of nonlocal regular discrete boundary value problems with the φ-Laplacian. Applications of the existence principle to singular discrete problems are given.

  15. Analytic solutions to a family of boundary-value problems for Ginsburg-Landau type equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vassilev, V. M.; Dantchev, D. M.; Djondjorov, P. A.

    2017-10-01

    We consider a two-parameter family of nonlinear ordinary differential equations describing the behavior of a critical thermodynamic system, e.g., a binary liquid mixture, of film geometry within the framework of the Ginzburg-Landau theory by means of the order-parameter. We focus on the case in which the confining surfaces are strongly adsorbing but prefer different components of the mixture, i.e., the order-parameter tends to infinity at one of the boundaries and to minus infinity at the other one. We assume that the boundaries of the system are positioned at a finite distance from each other and give analytic solutions to the corresponding boundary-value problems in terms of Weierstrass and Jacobi elliptic functions.

  16. A phase change processor method for solving a one-dimensional phase change problem with convection boundary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halawa, E.; Saman, W.; Bruno, F. [Institute for Sustainable Systems and Technologies, School of Advanced Manufacturing and Mechanical Engineering, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes SA 5095 (Australia)

    2010-08-15

    A simple yet accurate iterative method for solving a one-dimensional phase change problem with convection boundary is described. The one-dimensional model takes into account the variation in the wall temperature along the direction of the flow as well as the sensible heat during preheating/pre-cooling of the phase change material (PCM). The mathematical derivation of convective boundary conditions has been integrated into a phase change processor (PCP) algorithm that solves the liquid fraction and temperature of the nodes. The algorithm is based on the heat balance at each node as it undergoes heating or cooling which inevitably involves phase change. The paper presents the model and its experimental validation. (author)

  17. Uniqueness and Asymptotic Behavior of Positive Solutions for a Fractional-Order Integral Boundary Value Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Jia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We study a model arising from porous media, electromagnetic, and signal processing of wireless communication system -tαx(t=f(t,x(t,x'(t,x”(t,…,x(n-2(t,  0boundary value problem for fractional differential equation are obtained. Our analysis relies on Schauder's fixed-point theorem and upper and lower solution method.

  18. A 137Cs erosion model with moving boundary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yin, Chuan; Ji, Hongbing

    2015-01-01

    A novel quantitative model of the relationship between diffused concentration changes and erosion rates using assessment of soil losses was developed. It derived from the analysis of surface soil 137 Cs flux variation under persistent erosion effect and based on the principle of geochemistry kinetics moving boundary. The new moving boundary model improves the basic simplified transport model (Zhang et al., 2008), and mainly applies to uniform rainfall areas which show a long-time soil erosion. The simulation results for this kind of erosion show under a long-time soil erosion, the influence of 137 Cs concentration will decrease exponentially with increasing depth. Using the new model fit to the measured 137 Cs depth distribution data in Zunyi site, Guizhou Province, China which has typical uniform rainfall provided a good fit with R 2  = 0.92. To compare the soil erosion rates calculated by the simple transport model and the new model, we take the Kaixian reference profile as example. The soil losses estimated by the previous simplified transport model are greater than those estimated by the new moving boundary model, which is consistent with our expectations. - Highlights: • The diffused moving boundary principle analysing 137 Cs flux variation. • The new erosion model applies to uniform rainfall areas. • The erosion effect on 137 Cs will decrease exponentially with increasing depth. • The new model provides two methods of calculating erosion rate.

  19. Solving inverse two-point boundary value problems using collage coding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunze, H.; Murdock, S.

    2006-08-01

    The method of collage coding, with its roots in fractal imaging, is the central tool in a recently established rigorous framework for solving inverse initial value problems for ordinary differential equations (Kunze and Vrscay 1999 Inverse Problems 15 745-70). We extend these ideas to solve the following inverse problem: given a function u(x) on [A, B] (which may be the interpolation of data points), determine a two-point boundary value problem on [A, B] which admits u(x) as a solution as closely as desired. The solution of such inverse problems may be useful in parameter estimation or determination of potential functional forms of the underlying differential equation. We discuss ways to improve results, including the development of a partitioning scheme. Several examples are considered.

  20. Initializing a Mesoscale Boundary-Layer Model with Radiosonde Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berri, Guillermo J.; Bertossa, Germán

    2018-01-01

    A mesoscale boundary-layer model is used to simulate low-level regional wind fields over the La Plata River of South America, a region characterized by a strong daily cycle of land-river surface-temperature contrast and low-level circulations of sea-land breeze type. The initial and boundary conditions are defined from a limited number of local observations and the upper boundary condition is taken from the only radiosonde observations available in the region. The study considers 14 different upper boundary conditions defined from the radiosonde data at standard levels, significant levels, level of the inversion base and interpolated levels at fixed heights, all of them within the first 1500 m. The period of analysis is 1994-2008 during which eight daily observations from 13 weather stations of the region are used to validate the 24-h surface-wind forecast. The model errors are defined as the root-mean-square of relative error in wind-direction frequency distribution and mean wind speed per wind sector. Wind-direction errors are greater than wind-speed errors and show significant dispersion among the different upper boundary conditions, not present in wind speed, revealing a sensitivity to the initialization method. The wind-direction errors show a well-defined daily cycle, not evident in wind speed, with the minimum at noon and the maximum at dusk, but no systematic deterioration with time. The errors grow with the height of the upper boundary condition level, in particular wind direction, and double the errors obtained when the upper boundary condition is defined from the lower levels. The conclusion is that defining the model upper boundary condition from radiosonde data closer to the ground minimizes the low-level wind-field errors throughout the region.

  1. ON A PARABOLIC FREE BOUNDARY EQUATION MODELING PRICE FORMATION

    KAUST Repository

    MARKOWICH, P. A.

    2009-10-01

    We discuss existence and uniqueness of solutions for a one-dimensional parabolic evolution equation with a free boundary. This problem was introduced by Lasry and Lions as description of the dynamical formation of the price of a trading good. Short time existence and uniqueness is established by a contraction argument. Then we discuss the issue of global-in-time-extension of the local solution which is closely related to the regularity of the free boundary. We also present numerical results. © 2009 World Scientific Publishing Company.

  2. Existence of Positive Solutions to a Boundary Value Problem for a Delayed Nonlinear Fractional Differential System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Yuming

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Though boundary value problems for fractional differential equations have been extensively studied, most of the studies focus on scalar equations and the fractional order between 1 and 2. On the other hand, delay is natural in practical systems. However, not much has been done for fractional differential equations with delays. Therefore, in this paper, we consider a boundary value problem of a general delayed nonlinear fractional system. With the help of some fixed point theorems and the properties of the Green function, we establish several sets of sufficient conditions on the existence of positive solutions. The obtained results extend and include some existing ones and are illustrated with some examples for their feasibility.

  3. Turbulence models for compressible boundary layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, P. G.; Bradshaw, P.; Coakley, T. J.

    1994-01-01

    It is shown that to satisfy the general accepted compressible law of the wall derived from the Van Driest transformation, turbulence modeling coefficients must actually be functions of density gradients. The transformed velocity profiles obtained by using standard turbulence model constants have too small a value of the effective von Karman constant kappa in the log-law region (inner layer). Thus, if the model is otherwise accurate, the wake component is overpredicted and the predicted skin friction is lower than the expected value.

  4. Turbulence models for compressible boundary layers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, P.G.; Bradshaw, P.; Coakley, T.J. [Eloret Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States)]|[Stanford Univ., CA (United States)]|[NASA, Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, CA (United States)

    1994-04-01

    It is shown that to satisfy the general accepted compressible law of the wall derived from the Van Driest transformation, turbulence modeling coefficients must actually be functions of density gradients. The transformed velocity profiles obtained by using standard turbulence model constants have too small a value of the effective von Karman constant kappa in the log-law region (inner layer). Thus, if the model is otherwise accurate, the wake component is overpredicted and the predicted skin friction is lower than the expected value.

  5. Boundary element model for uniform flow

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juhl, Peter Møller

    1998-01-01

    A BEM model covering the frequency range up to dimensionless frequency 40 but restricted to axial symmetry has been developed. A brief account of the theory is given, and various test cases for validation are described....

  6. An improved spectral homotopy analysis method for solving boundary layer problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibanda Precious

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This article presents an improved spectral-homotopy analysis method (ISHAM for solving nonlinear differential equations. The implementation of this new technique is shown by solving the Falkner-Skan and magnetohydrodynamic boundary layer problems. The results obtained are compared to numerical solutions in the literature and MATLAB's bvp4c solver. The results show that the ISHAM converges faster and gives accurate results.

  7. Multi-point boundary value problems for linear functional-differential equations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Domoshnitsky, A.; Hakl, Robert; Půža, Bedřich

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 24, č. 2 (2017), s. 193-206 ISSN 1072-947X Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : boundary value problems * linear functional-differential equations * functional-differential inequalities Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics OBOR OECD: Applied mathematics Impact factor: 0.290, year: 2016 https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/gmj.2017.24.issue-2/gmj-2016-0076/gmj-2016-0076. xml

  8. Maximum Principles and Boundary Value Problems for First-Order Neutral Functional Differential Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domoshnitsky Alexander

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We obtain the maximum principles for the first-order neutral functional differential equation where , and are linear continuous operators, and are positive operators, is the space of continuous functions, and is the space of essentially bounded functions defined on . New tests on positivity of the Cauchy function and its derivative are proposed. Results on existence and uniqueness of solutions for various boundary value problems are obtained on the basis of the maximum principles.

  9. Monotone methods for solving a boundary value problem of second order discrete system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Yuan-Ming

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A new concept of a pair of upper and lower solutions is introduced for a boundary value problem of second order discrete system. A comparison result is given. An existence theorem for a solution is established in terms of upper and lower solutions. A monotone iterative scheme is proposed, and the monotone convergence rate of the iteration is compared and analyzed. The numerical results are given.

  10. Moving-boundary problems for the time-fractional diffusion equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina D. Roscani

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available We consider a one-dimensional moving-boundary problem for the time-fractional diffusion equation. The time-fractional derivative of order $\\alpha\\in (0,1$ is taken in the sense of Caputo. We study the asymptotic behaivor, as t tends to infinity, of a general solution by using a fractional weak maximum principle. Also, we give some particular exact solutions in terms of Wright functions.

  11. The existence of solutions for boundary value problem of fractional hybrid differential equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Shurong; Zhao, Yige; Han, Zhenlai; Li, Yanan

    2012-12-01

    In this paper, we study the existence of solutions for the boundary value problem of fractional hybrid differential equations D0+α{x(t)}/{f(t,x(t))}+g(t,x(t))=0,0Dhage, an existence theorem for fractional hybrid differential equations is proved under mixed Lipschitz and Carathéodory conditions. As an application, examples are presented to illustrate the main results.

  12. Robin boundary value problems for elliptic operational differential equations with variable coefficients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabah Haoua

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article we give some new results on abstract second-order differential equations of elliptic type with variable operator coefficients and general Robin boundary conditions, in the framework of Holder spaces. We assume that the family of variable coefficients verify the well known Labbas-Terreni assumption used in the sum theory. We use Dunford calculus, interpolation spaces and the semigroup theory to obtain existence, uniqueness and maximal regularity results for the solution of the problem.

  13. Discrete quintic spline for boundary value problem in plate deflation theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Patricia J. Y.

    2017-07-01

    We propose a numerical scheme for a fourth-order boundary value problem arising from plate deflation theory. The scheme involves a discrete quintic spline, and it is of order 4 if a parameter takes a specific value, else it is of order 2. We also present a well known numerical example to illustrate the efficiency of our method as well as to compare with other numerical methods proposed in the literature.

  14. Dirac's formalism combined with complex Fourier operational matrices to solve initial and boundary value problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labecca, William; Guimarães, Osvaldo; Piqueira, José Roberto C.

    2014-08-01

    Approximations of functions in terms of orthogonal polynomials have been used to develop and implement numerical approaches to solve spectrally initial and boundary value problems. The main idea behind these approaches is to express differential and integral operators by using matrices, and this, in turn, makes the numerical implementation easier to be expressed in computational algebraic languages. In this paper, the application of the methodology is enlarged by using Dirac's formalism, combined with complex Fourier series.

  15. On Riemann boundary value problems for null solutions of the two dimensional Helmholtz equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bory Reyes, Juan; Abreu Blaya, Ricardo; Rodríguez Dagnino, Ramón Martin; Kats, Boris Aleksandrovich

    2018-01-01

    The Riemann boundary value problem (RBVP to shorten notation) in the complex plane, for different classes of functions and curves, is still widely used in mathematical physics and engineering. For instance, in elasticity theory, hydro and aerodynamics, shell theory, quantum mechanics, theory of orthogonal polynomials, and so on. In this paper, we present an appropriate hyperholomorphic approach to the RBVP associated to the two dimensional Helmholtz equation in R^2 . Our analysis is based on a suitable operator calculus.

  16. Multi-point boundary value problems for linear functional-differential equations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Domoshnitsky, A.; Hakl, Robert; Půža, Bedřich

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 24, č. 2 (2017), s. 193-206 ISSN 1072-947X Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : boundary value problems * linear functional-differential equations * functional-differential inequalities Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics OBOR OECD: Applied mathematics Impact factor: 0.290, year: 2016 https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/gmj.2017.24.issue-2/gmj-2016-0076/gmj-2016-0076.xml

  17. Spectral collocation for multiparameter eigenvalue problems arising from separable boundary value problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plestenjak, Bor; Gheorghiu, Călin I.; Hochstenbach, Michiel E.

    2015-10-01

    In numerous science and engineering applications a partial differential equation has to be solved on some fairly regular domain that allows the use of the method of separation of variables. In several orthogonal coordinate systems separation of variables applied to the Helmholtz, Laplace, or Schrödinger equation leads to a multiparameter eigenvalue problem (MEP); important cases include Mathieu's system, Lamé's system, and a system of spheroidal wave functions. Although multiparameter approaches are exploited occasionally to solve such equations numerically, MEPs remain less well known, and the variety of available numerical methods is not wide. The classical approach of discretizing the equations using standard finite differences leads to algebraic MEPs with large matrices, which are difficult to solve efficiently. The aim of this paper is to change this perspective. We show that by combining spectral collocation methods and new efficient numerical methods for algebraic MEPs it is possible to solve such problems both very efficiently and accurately. We improve on several previous results available in the literature, and also present a MATLAB toolbox for solving a wide range of problems.

  18. The use of Fourier eigen transform to the boundary element method for transient elastodynamic problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ji, X.; Chen, Y.M.

    1989-01-01

    The boundary element method (BEM) is developed from the boundary integral equation method and the discretization techniques. Compared with other numerical method, BEM has been shown to be a versatile and efficient method for a wide variety of engineering problems, including the wave propagation in elastic media. The first formulation and solution of the transient elastodynamic problem by combining BEM and Laplace transform is due to Cruse. Further improvement was achieved by introducing Durbin's method instead of Papoulis method of numerical Laplace inverse transform. However, a great deal of computer time is still needed for the inverse transformation. The alternative integral transform approach is BEM combining with Fourier transform. The numerical Fourier inverse transformation is also computer time consuming, even if the fast Fourier transform is used. In the present paper, the authors use BEM combining with Fourier transform and Fourier eigen transform (FET). The new approach is very attractive in saving on computer time. This paper illustrates the application of FET to BEM of 2-dimensional transient elastodynamic problem. The example of a half plane subjected to a discontinuous boundary load is solved on ELXSI 6400 computer. The CPU time is less than one minute. If Laplace or Fourier transform is adopted, the CPU time will be more than 10 minutes

  19. Abraham Pais Prize Lecture: Shifting Problems and Boundaries in the History of Modern Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nye, Mary-Jo

    A long established category of study in the history of science is the ``history of physical sciences.'' It is a category that immediately begs the question of disciplinary boundaries for the problems and subjects addressed in historical inquiry. As a historian of the physical sciences, I often have puzzled over disciplinary boundaries and the means used to create or justify them. Scientists most often have been professionally identified with specific institutionalized fields since the late 19th century, but the questions they ask and the problems they solve are not neatly carved up by disciplinary perimeters. Like institutional departments or professorships, the Nobel Prizes in the 20th century often have delineated the scope of ``Physics'' or ``Chemistry'' (and ``Physiology or Medicine''), but the Prizes do not reflect disciplinary rigidity, despite some standard core subjects. In this paper I examine trends in Nobel Prize awards that indicate shifts in problem solving and in boundaries in twentieth century physics, tying those developments to changing themes in the history of physics and physical science in recent decades.

  20. Singular integral equations boundary problems of function theory and their application to mathematical physics

    CERN Document Server

    Muskhelishvili, N I

    2011-01-01

    Singular integral equations play important roles in physics and theoretical mechanics, particularly in the areas of elasticity, aerodynamics, and unsteady aerofoil theory. They are highly effective in solving boundary problems occurring in the theory of functions of a complex variable, potential theory, the theory of elasticity, and the theory of fluid mechanics.This high-level treatment by a noted mathematician considers one-dimensional singular integral equations involving Cauchy principal values. Its coverage includes such topics as the Hölder condition, Hilbert and Riemann-Hilbert problem

  1. Numerical solution of sixth-order boundary-value problems using Legendre wavelet collocation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohaib, Muhammad; Haq, Sirajul; Mukhtar, Safyan; Khan, Imad

    2018-03-01

    An efficient method is proposed to approximate sixth order boundary value problems. The proposed method is based on Legendre wavelet in which Legendre polynomial is used. The mechanism of the method is to use collocation points that converts the differential equation into a system of algebraic equations. For validation two test problems are discussed. The results obtained from proposed method are quite accurate, also close to exact solution, and other different methods. The proposed method is computationally more effective and leads to more accurate results as compared to other methods from literature.

  2. A model for routing problem in quay management problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zirour, Mourad; Oughalime, Ahmed; Liong, Choong-Yeun; Ismail, Wan Rosmanira; Omar, Khairuddin

    2014-06-01

    Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAP), like Vehicle Routing Problem, is one of those optimization problems that interests many researchers in the last decades. The Quay Management Problem is a specific problem which could be presented as a QAP which involves a double assignment of customers and products toward loading positions using lifting trucks. This study focuses on the routing problem while delivering the customers' demands. In this problem, lifting trucks will route around the storage sections to collect the products then deliver to the customers who are assigned to specific loading positions. The objective of minimizing the residence time for each customer is sought. This paper presents the problem and the proposed model.

  3. Modelling classroom conditions with different boundary conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marbjerg, Gerd Høy; Jeong, Cheol-Ho; Brunskog, Jonas

    2014-01-01

    both specular and diffuse reflections with complex-valued acoustical descriptions of the surfaces. In this paper the PARISM model is used to simulate a rectangular room with most of the absorption located in the ceiling. This room configuration is typical for classroom conditions. The simulations...... measures which are important for evaluation of the acoustics in classrooms....

  4. On boundary value problems with prescribed number of zeroes of solutions

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rontó, András; Rontó, M.; Shchobak, N.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 18, č. 1 (2017), s. 431-452 ISSN 1787-2405 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : Emden-Fowler equation * model-type boundary conditions * prescribed number of zeroes Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics OBOR OECD: Applied mathematics Impact factor: 0.388, year: 2016 http://mat76.mat.uni-miskolc.hu/mnotes/article/2329

  5. Blurring Boundaries: From the Danish Welfare State to the European Social Model?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neergaard, Ulla; Nielsen, Ruth

    and on the integration of welfare functions into EU law both from an internal market law and a constitutional law perspective. The main problem areas covered by the Blurring Boundaries project were studied in sub-projects on: 1) Internal market law and welfare services, 2) Fundamental rights and non-discrimination law...... aspects, and 3) Services of general interest. In the Blurring Boundaries project, three aspects of the European Social Model have been particularly highlighted: the constitutionalisation of the European Social Model, its multi-level legal character, and the clash between market access justice at EU level...... and distributive justice at national level.  ...

  6. Turbulent Boundary Layers - Experiments, Theory and Modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    1979 "Calcul des transferts thermiques entre film chaud et substrat par un modele ä deux dimensions", Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer ^2, p. 111-119...surface heat transfer a to the surface shear Cu/ ; here, corrections are compulsory because the wall shear,stress fluctuations are large (the r.m.s...technique is the mass transfer analogue of the constant temperature anemometer when the chemical reaction at the electrode embedded in the wall is

  7. Oblique derivative problems for generalized Rassias equations of mixed type with several characteristic boundaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo Chun Wen

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available This article concerns the oblique derivative problems for second-order quasilinear degenerate equations of mixed type with several characteristic boundaries, which include the Tricomi problem as a special case. First we formulate the problem and obtain estimates of its solutions, then we show the existence of solutions by the successive iterations and the Leray-Schauder theorem. We use a complex analytic method: elliptic complex functions are used in the elliptic domain, and hyperbolic complex functions in the hyperbolic domain, such that second-order equations of mixed type with degenerate curve are reduced to the first order mixed complex equations with singular coefficients. An application of the complex analytic method, solves (1.1 below with $m=n=1$, $a=b=0$, which was posed as an open problem by Rassias.

  8. Fast multipole accelerated boundary element method for the Helmholtz equation in acoustic scattering problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, ShanDe; Gao, GuiBing; Huang, QiBai; Liu, WeiQi; Chen, Jun

    2011-08-01

    We apply the fast multipole method (FMM) accelerated boundary element method (BEM) for the three-dimensional (3D) Helmholtz equation, and as a result, large-scale acoustic scattering problems involving 400000 elements are solved efficiently. This is an extension of the fast multipole BEM for two-dimensional (2D) acoustic problems developed by authors recently. Some new improvements are obtained. In this new technique, the improved Burton-Miller formulation is employed to overcome non-uniqueness difficulties in the conventional BEM for exterior acoustic problems. The computational efficiency is further improved by adopting the FMM and the block diagonal preconditioner used in the generalized minimum residual method (GMRES) iterative solver to solve the system matrix equation. Numerical results clearly demonstrate the complete reliability and efficiency of the proposed algorithm. It is potentially useful for solving large-scale engineering acoustic scattering problems.

  9. High order methods for incompressible fluid flow: Application to moving boundary problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bjoentegaard, Tormod

    2008-04-15

    Fluid flows with moving boundaries are encountered in a large number of real life situations, with two such types being fluid-structure interaction and free-surface flows. Fluid-structure phenomena are for instance apparent in many hydrodynamic applications; wave effects on offshore structures, sloshing and fluid induced vibrations, and aeroelasticity; flutter and dynamic response. Free-surface flows can be considered as a special case of a fluid-fluid interaction where one of the fluids are practically inviscid, such as air. This type of flows arise in many disciplines such as marine hydrodynamics, chemical engineering, material processing, and geophysics. The driving forces for free-surface flows may be of large scale such as gravity or inertial forces, or forces due to surface tension which operate on a much smaller scale. Free-surface flows with surface tension as a driving mechanism include the flow of bubbles and droplets, and the evolution of capillary waves. In this work we consider incompressible fluid flow, which are governed by the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. There are several challenges when simulating moving boundary problems numerically, and these include - Spatial discretization - Temporal discretization - Imposition of boundary conditions - Solution strategy for the linear equations. These are some of the issues which will be addressed in this introduction. We will first formulate the problem in the arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian framework, and introduce the weak formulation of the problem. Next, we discuss the spatial and temporal discretization before we move to the imposition of surface tension boundary conditions. In the final section we discuss the solution of the resulting linear system of equations. (Author). refs., figs., tabs

  10. A model of anelastic relaxation associated with polygonization boundary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yan, S.C.

    1990-01-01

    A model of anelastic relaxation associated with polygonization boundary is proposed in order to explain internal friction peaks and other experimental phenomena observed recently. The model, which is referred to as vacancy-thermal jog model, shows that under conditions of high temperature and low applied stress with lower frequencies of vibration, thermal jog pairs are generated on dislocation segments of the boundaries. These jogs are in saturation with vacancies in the vicinity of them, and the vacancy current due to the concentration gradient of vacancy drifts among the boundaries. As a result, a diffusional creep is produced and a part of energy is dissipated. For vacancy drift, it is required that the thermal jogs emit (absorb) vacancies, which brings climbing bow of segments into operation, and another part of energy is dissipated so that there are two parts of energy dissipated in the strain process connected with polygonization boundary. Based on this point of view, the mathematical expressions of internal friction and modulus defect associated with polygonization boundary were subsequently derived and found to be in satisfactory agreement with experiments. (author). 13 refs, 6 figs

  11. Elliptic differential operators on Lipschitz domains and abstract boundary value problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrndt, Jussi; Micheler, Till

    2014-11-15

    This paper consists of two parts. In the first part, which is of more abstract nature, the notion of quasi-boundary triples and associated Weyl functions is developed further in such a way that it can be applied to elliptic boundary value problems on non-smooth domains. A key feature is the extension of the boundary maps by continuity to the duals of certain range spaces, which directly leads to a description of all self-adjoint extensions of the underlying symmetric operator with the help of abstract boundary values. In the second part of the paper a complete description is obtained of all self-adjoint realizations of the Laplacian on bounded Lipschitz domains, as well as Kreĭn type resolvent formulas and a spectral characterization in terms of energy dependent Dirichlet-to-Neumann maps. These results can be viewed as the natural generalization of recent results by Gesztesy and Mitrea for quasi-convex domains. In this connection we also characterize the maximal range spaces of the Dirichlet and Neumann trace operators on a bounded Lipschitz domain in terms of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map. The general results from the first part of the paper are also applied to higher order elliptic operators on smooth domains, and particular attention is paid to the second order case which is illustrated with various examples.

  12. Atmospheric boundary layers in storms: advanced theory and modelling applications

    OpenAIRE

    S. S. Zilitinkevich; S. S. Zilitinkevich; S. S. Zilitinkevich; I. N. Esau; A. Baklanov

    2005-01-01

    Turbulent planetary boundary layers (PBLs) control the exchange processes between the atmosphere and the ocean/land. The key problems of PBL physics are to determine the PBL height, the momentum, energy and matter fluxes at the surface and the mean wind and scalar profiles throughout the layer in a range of regimes from stable and neutral to convective. Until present, the PBLs typical of stormy weather were always considered as neutrally stratified. Recent works have disclosed that such PBLs ...

  13. A simple finite element method for boundary value problems with a Riemann–Liouville derivative

    KAUST Repository

    Jin, Bangti

    2016-02-01

    © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. We consider a boundary value problem involving a Riemann-Liouville fractional derivative of order α∈(3/2,2) on the unit interval (0,1). The standard Galerkin finite element approximation converges slowly due to the presence of singularity term xα-1 in the solution representation. In this work, we develop a simple technique, by transforming it into a second-order two-point boundary value problem with nonlocal low order terms, whose solution can reconstruct directly the solution to the original problem. The stability of the variational formulation, and the optimal regularity pickup of the solution are analyzed. A novel Galerkin finite element method with piecewise linear or quadratic finite elements is developed, and L2(D) error estimates are provided. The approach is then applied to the corresponding fractional Sturm-Liouville problem, and error estimates of the eigenvalue approximations are given. Extensive numerical results fully confirm our theoretical study.

  14. Numerical models for differential problems

    CERN Document Server

    Quarteroni, Alfio

    2017-01-01

    In this text, we introduce the basic concepts for the numerical modelling of partial differential equations. We consider the classical elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic linear equations, but also the diffusion, transport, and Navier-Stokes equations, as well as equations representing conservation laws, saddle-point problems and optimal control problems. Furthermore, we provide numerous physical examples which underline such equations. We then analyze numerical solution methods based on finite elements, finite differences, finite volumes, spectral methods and domain decomposition methods, and reduced basis methods. In particular, we discuss the algorithmic and computer implementation aspects and provide a number of easy-to-use programs. The text does not require any previous advanced mathematical knowledge of partial differential equations: the absolutely essential concepts are reported in a preliminary chapter. It is therefore suitable for students of bachelor and master courses in scientific disciplines, an...

  15. Subjective surfaces: a geometric model for boundary completion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarti, Alessandro; Malladi, Ravi; Sethian, J.A.

    2000-06-01

    We present a geometric model and a computational method for segmentation of images with missing boundaries. In many situations, the human visual system fills in missing gaps in edges and boundaries, building and completing information that is not present. Boundary completion presents a considerable challenge in computer vision, since most algorithms attempt to exploit existing data. A large body of work concerns completion models, which postulate how to construct missing data; these models are often trained and specific to particular images. In this paper, we take the following, alternative perspective: we consider a reference point within an image as given, and then develop an algorithm which tries to build missing information on the basis of the given point of view and the available information as boundary data to the algorithm. Starting from this point of view, a surface is constructed. It is then evolved with the mean curvature flow in the metric induced by the image until a piecewise constant solution is reached. We test the computational model on modal completion, amodal completion, texture, photo and medical images. We extend the geometric model and the algorithm to 3D in order to extract shapes from low signal/noise ratio medical volumes. Results in 3D echocardiography and 3D fetal echography are presented.

  16. Extension Theory and Krein-type Resolvent Formulas for Nonsmooth Boundary Value Problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abels, Helmut; Grubb, Gerd; Wood, Ian Geoffrey

    2014-01-01

    The theory of selfadjoint extensions of symmetric operators, and more generally the theory of extensions of dual pairs, was implemented some years ago for boundary value problems for elliptic operators on smooth bounded domains. Recently, the questions have been taken up again for nonsmooth domains....... In the present work we show that pseudodifferential methods can be used to obtain a full characterization, including Kreĭn resolvent formulas, of the realizations of nonselfadjoint second-order operators on View the MathML source2(n−1)p>2(n−1) and q>nq>n. The advantage of the pseudodifferential boundary operator calculus is that the operators are represented by a principal part and a lower-order remainder, leading to regularity results; in particular we analyze resolvents, Poisson solution operators...

  17. Reflected forward-backward SDEs and obstacle problems with boundary conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin Ma

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we study a class of forward-backward stochastic differential equations with reflecting boundary conditions (FBSDER for short. More precisely, we consider the case in which the forward component of the FBSDER is restricted to a fixed, convex region, and the backward component will stay, at each fixed time, in a convex region that may depend on time and is possibly random. The solvability of such FBSDER is studied in a fairly general way. We also prove that if the coefficients are all deterministic and the backward equation is one-dimensional, then the adapted solution of such FBSDER will give the viscosity solution of a quasilinear variational inequality (obstacle problem with a Neumann boundary condition. As an application, we study how the solvability of FBSDERs is related to the solvability of an American game option.

  18. Variational Iteration Method for Fifth-Order Boundary Value Problems Using He's Polynomials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Aslam Noor

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available We apply the variational iteration method using He's polynomials (VIMHP for solving the fifth-order boundary value problems. The proposed method is an elegant combination of variational iteration and the homotopy perturbation methods and is mainly due to Ghorbani (2007. The suggested algorithm is quite efficient and is practically well suited for use in these problems. The proposed iterative scheme finds the solution without any discritization, linearization, or restrictive assumptions. Several examples are given to verify the reliability and efficiency of the method. The fact that the proposed technique solves nonlinear problems without using Adomian's polynomials can be considered as a clear advantage of this algorithm over the decomposition method.

  19. A grain boundary sliding model for cavitation, crack growth and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A model is presented for cavity growth, crack propagation and fracture resulting from grain boundary sliding (GBS) during high temperature creep deformation. The theory of cavity growth by GBS was based on energy balance criteria on the assumption that the matrix is sufficiently plastic to accommodate misfit strains ...

  20. Modelling of recrystallization and grain boundary migration by cellular automata

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kroc, J.; Paidar, Václav

    426-432, - (2003), s. 3873-3878 ISSN 0255-5476 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA202/02/0916 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1010914 Keywords : cellular automata * dynamic recrystallization * grain boundary migration * modeling * simulation Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 0.602, year: 2003

  1. Modelling near subsurface temperature with mixed type boundary ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    available. We have developed such a thermal model of near subsurface region which includes both heat .... Such a boundary condition has been used in hydrother- mal studies (Heasler et al. 1990). In case, the heat transfer coefficient H tends to infinity, soil temper- ..... Davis M G, Harris R N and Chapman D H 2010 Repeat.

  2. Smooth and robust solutions for Dirichlet boundary control of fluid-solid conjugate heat transfer problems

    KAUST Repository

    Yan, Yan

    2015-01-01

    We study a new optimization scheme that generates smooth and robust solutions for Dirichlet velocity boundary control (DVBC) of conjugate heat transfer (CHT) processes. The solutions to the DVBC of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are typically nonsmooth, due to the regularity degradation of the boundary stress in the adjoint Navier-Stokes equations. This nonsmoothness is inherited by the solutions to the DVBC of CHT processes, since the CHT process couples the Navier-Stokes equations of fluid motion with the convection-diffusion equations of fluid-solid thermal interaction. Our objective in the CHT boundary control problem is to select optimally the fluid inflow profile that minimizes an objective function that involves the sum of the mismatch between the temperature distribution in the fluid system and a prescribed temperature profile and the cost of the control.Our strategy to resolve the nonsmoothness of the boundary control solution is based on two features, namely, the objective function with a regularization term on the gradient of the control profile on both the continuous and the discrete levels, and the optimization scheme with either explicit or implicit smoothing effects, such as the smoothed Steepest Descent and the Limited-memory Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno (L-BFGS) methods. Our strategy to achieve the robustness of the solution process is based on combining the smoothed optimization scheme with the numerical continuation technique on the regularization parameters in the objective function. In the section of numerical studies, we present two suites of experiments. In the first one, we demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of our numerical schemes in recovering the boundary control profile of the standard case of a Poiseuille flow. In the second one, we illustrate the robustness of our optimization schemes via solving more challenging DVBC problems for both the channel flow and the flow past a square cylinder, which use initial

  3. Euclidean pseudoduality and boundary conditions in sigma models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sar Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I saman, Mustafa, E-mail: msarisaman@ku.edu.tr [Department of Mathematics, Koc University, 34450 Sar Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I yer, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2013-03-01

    We discuss pseudoduality transformations in two-dimensional conformally invariant classical sigma models, and extend our analysis to a given boundaries of world-sheet, which gives rise to an appropriate framework for the discussion of the pseudoduality between D-branes. We perform analysis using the Euclidean spacetime and show that structures on the target space can be transformed into pseudodual manifold identically. This map requires that torsions and curvatures related to individual spaces are the same when connections are Riemannian. Boundary pseudoduality imposes locality condition.

  4. Markov Boundary Discovery with Ridge Regularized Linear Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strobl, Eric V; Visweswaran, Shyam

    2016-03-01

    Ridge regularized linear models (RRLMs), such as ridge regression and the SVM, are a popular group of methods that are used in conjunction with coefficient hypothesis testing to discover explanatory variables with a significant multivariate association to a response. However, many investigators are reluctant to draw causal interpretations of the selected variables due to the incomplete knowledge of the capabilities of RRLMs in causal inference. Under reasonable assumptions, we show that a modified form of RRLMs can get "very close" to identifying a subset of the Markov boundary by providing a worst-case bound on the space of possible solutions. The results hold for any convex loss, even when the underlying functional relationship is nonlinear, and the solution is not unique. Our approach combines ideas in Markov boundary and sufficient dimension reduction theory. Experimental results show that the modified RRLMs are competitive against state-of-the-art algorithms in discovering part of the Markov boundary from gene expression data.

  5. Modeling and analysis of unsteady axisymmetric squeezing fluid flow through porous medium channel with slip boundary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qayyum, Mubashir; Khan, Hamid; Rahim, M Tariq; Ullah, Inayat

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this article is to model and analyze an unsteady axisymmetric flow of non-conducting, Newtonian fluid squeezed between two circular plates passing through porous medium channel with slip boundary condition. A single fourth order nonlinear ordinary differential equation is obtained using similarity transformation. The resulting boundary value problem is solved using Homotopy Perturbation Method (HPM) and fourth order Explicit Runge Kutta Method (RK4). Convergence of HPM solution is verified by obtaining various order approximate solutions along with absolute residuals. Validity of HPM solution is confirmed by comparing analytical and numerical solutions. Furthermore, the effects of various dimensionless parameters on the longitudinal and normal velocity profiles are studied graphically.

  6. Variational Iteration Method for Nonlinear Singular Two-Point Boundary Value Problems Arising in Human Physiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marwan Abukhaled

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The variational iteration method is applied to solve a class of nonlinear singular boundary value problems that arise in physiology. The process of the method, which produces solutions in terms of convergent series, is explained. The Lagrange multipliers needed to construct the correctional functional are found in terms of the exponential integral and Whittaker functions. The method easily overcomes the obstacle of singularities. Examples will be presented to test the method and compare it to other existing methods in order to confirm fast convergence and significant accuracy.

  7. Iterative Method for Solving the Second Boundary Value Problem for Biharmonic-Type Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dang Quang A.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Solving boundary value problems (BVPs for the fourth-order differential equations by the reduction of them to BVPs for the second-order equations with the aim to use the achievements for the latter ones attracts attention from many researchers. In this paper, using the technique developed by ourselves in recent works, we construct iterative method for the second BVP for biharmonic-type equation, which describes the deflection of a plate resting on a biparametric elastic foundation. The convergence rate of the method is established. The optimal value of the iterative parameter is found. Several numerical examples confirm the efficiency of the proposed method.

  8. Investigation of solutions of state-dependent multi-impulsive boundary value problems

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rontó, András; Rachůnková, I.; Rontó, M.; Rachůnek, L.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 24, č. 2 (2017), s. 287-312 ISSN 1072-947X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-06958S Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : state-dependent multi-impulsive systems * non-linear boundary value problem * parametrization technique Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics OBOR OECD: Applied mathematics Impact factor: 0.290, year: 2016 https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/gmj.2017.24.issue-2/gmj-2016-0084/gmj-2016-0084. xml

  9. Cubic Hermite Collocation Method for Solving Boundary Value Problems with Dirichlet, Neumann, and Robin Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishfaq Ahmad Ganaie

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cubic Hermite collocation method is proposed to solve two point linear and nonlinear boundary value problems subject to Dirichlet, Neumann, and Robin conditions. Using several examples, it is shown that the scheme achieves the order of convergence as four, which is superior to various well known methods like finite difference method, finite volume method, orthogonal collocation method, and polynomial and nonpolynomial splines and B-spline method. Numerical results for both linear and nonlinear cases are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the scheme.

  10. Existence and Stability of the Solution of a Nonlinear Boundary Value Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agneta M. Balint

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose is to find conditions assuring the existence of solutions for a nonlinear, boundary value problem in case of the axis-symmetric Young-Laplace differential equation. The equation describes the capillary surface between two static fluids. Necessary or sufficient conditions are found for the existence of a solution. The static stability of the obtained solution is also analyzed and stability or instability results are revealed. For the NdYAG microfiber growth, by the pulling-down method, numerical illustrations are given.

  11. Two-point boundary value and Cauchy formulations in an axisymmetrical MHD equilibrium problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atanasiu, C.V.; Subbotin, A.A.

    1999-01-01

    In this paper we present two equilibrium solvers for axisymmetrical toroidal configurations, both based on the expansion in poloidal angle method. The first one has been conceived as a two-point boundary value solver in a system of coordinates with straight field lines, while the second one uses a well-conditioned Cauchy formulation of the problem in a general curvilinear coordinate system. In order to check the capability of our moment methods to describe equilibrium accurately, a comparison of the moment solutions with analytical solutions obtained for a Solov'ev equilibrium has been performed. (author)

  12. Investigation of solutions of state-dependent multi-impulsive boundary value problems

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rontó, András; Rachůnková, I.; Rontó, M.; Rachůnek, L.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 24, č. 2 (2017), s. 287-312 ISSN 1072-947X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-06958S Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : state-dependent multi-impulsive systems * non-linear boundary value problem * parametrization technique Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics OBOR OECD: Applied mathematics Impact factor: 0.290, year: 2016 https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/gmj.2017.24.issue-2/gmj-2016-0084/gmj-2016-0084.xml

  13. On the Existence and Uniqueness of Rv-Generalized Solution for Dirichlet Problem with Singularity on All Boundary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Rukavishnikov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The existence and uniqueness of the Rv-generalized solution for the first boundary value problem and a second order elliptic equation with coordinated and uncoordinated degeneracy of input data and with strong singularity solution on all boundary of a two-dimensional domain are established.

  14. Modelling dynamic ecosystems : venturing beyond boundaries with the Ecopath approach

    OpenAIRE

    Coll, Marta; Akoglu, E.; Arreguin-Sanchez, F.; Fulton, E. A.; Gascuel, D.; Heymans, J. J.; Libralato, S.; Mackinson, S.; Palomera, I.; Piroddi, C.; Shannon, L. J.; Steenbeek, J.; Villasante, S.; Christensen, V.

    2015-01-01

    Thirty years of progress using the Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) approach in different fields such as ecosystem impacts of fishing and climate change, emergent ecosystem dynamics, ecosystem-based management, and marine conservation and spatial planning were showcased November 2014 at the conference "Ecopath 30 years-modelling dynamic ecosystems: beyond boundaries with EwE". Exciting new developments include temporal-spatial and end-to-end modelling, as well as novel applications to environmental ...

  15. Predictions and Verification of an Isotope Marine Boundary Layer Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, X.; Posmentier, E. S.; Sonder, L. J.; Fan, N.

    2017-12-01

    A one-dimensional (1D), steady state isotope marine boundary layer (IMBL) model is constructed. The model includes meteorologically important features absent in Craig and Gordon type models, namely height-dependent diffusion/mixing and convergence of subsiding external air. Kinetic isotopic fractionation results from this height-dependent diffusion which starts as pure molecular diffusion at the air-water interface and increases linearly with height due to turbulent mixing. The convergence permits dry, isotopically depleted air subsiding adjacent to the model column to mix into ambient air. In δD-δ18O space, the model results fill a quadrilateral, of which three sides represent 1) vapor in equilibrium with various sea surface temperatures (SSTs) (high d18O boundary of quadrilateral); 2) mixture of vapor in equilibrium with seawater and vapor in the subsiding air (lower boundary depleted in both D and 18O); and 3) vapor that has experienced the maximum possible kinetic fractionation (high δD upper boundary). The results can be plotted in d-excess vs. δ18O space, indicating that these processes all cause variations in d-excess of MBL vapor. In particular, due to relatively high d-excess in the descending air, mixing of this air into the MBL causes an increase in d-excess, even without kinetic isotope fractionation. The model is tested by comparison with seven datasets of marine vapor isotopic ratios, with excellent correspondence; >95% of observational data fall within the quadrilateral area predicted by the model. The distribution of observations also highlights the significant influence of vapor from the nearby converging descending air on isotopic variations in the MBL. At least three factors may explain the affect the isotopic composition of precipitation. The model can be applied to modern as well as paleo- climate conditions.

  16. Solvability, regularity, and optimal control of boundary value problems for pdes in honour of Prof. Gianni Gilardi

    CERN Document Server

    Favini, Angelo; Rocca, Elisabetta; Schimperna, Giulio; Sprekels, Jürgen

    2017-01-01

    This volume gathers contributions in the field of partial differential equations, with a focus on mathematical models in phase transitions, complex fluids and thermomechanics. These contributions are dedicated to Professor Gianni Gilardi on the occasion of his 70th birthday. It particularly develops the following thematic areas: nonlinear dynamic and stationary equations; well-posedness of initial and boundary value problems for systems of PDEs; regularity properties for the solutions; optimal control problems and optimality conditions; feedback stabilization and stability results. Most of the articles are presented in a self-contained manner, and describe new achievements and/or the state of the art in their line of research, providing interested readers with an overview of recent advances and future research directions in PDEs.

  17. Existence of solutions for a fourth-order boundary value problem on the half-line via critical point theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mabrouk Briki

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a fourth-order boundary value problem on the half-line is considered and existence of solutions is proved using a minimization principle and the mountain pass theorem.

  18. Existence of positive solutions to a discrete fractional boundary value problem and corresponding Lyapunov-type inequalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amar Chidouh

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available We prove existence of positive solutions to a boundary value problem depending on discrete fractional operators. Then, corresponding discrete fractional Lyapunov-type inequalities are obtained.

  19. Multiplicity results for an impulsive boundary value problem of p(t-Kirchhoff type via critical point theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Mokhtari

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we obtain existence results of \\(k\\ distinct pairs nontrivial solutions for an impulsive boundary value problem of \\(p(t\\-Kirchhoff type under certain conditions on the parameter \\(\\lambda\\.

  20. Multilevel model of polycrystalline materials: grain boundary sliding description

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharifullina, E.; Shveykin, A.; Trusov, P.

    2017-12-01

    Material behavior description in a wide range of thermomechanical effects is one of the topical areas in mathematical modeling. Inclusion of grain boundary sliding as an important mechanism of polycrystalline material deformation at elevated temperatures and predominant deformation mechanism of metals and alloys in structural superplasticity allows to simulate various deformation regimes and their transitions (including superplasticity regime with switch-on and switch-off regimes). The paper is devoted to description of grain boundary sliding in structure of two-level model, based on crystal plasticity, and relations for determination the contribution of this mechanism to inelastic deformation. Some results are presented concerning computational experiments of polycrystalline representative volume deformation using developed model.

  1. Atmospheric boundary layers in storms: advanced theory and modelling applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zilitinkevich, S. S.; Esau, I. N.; Baklanov, A.

    2005-03-01

    Turbulent planetary boundary layers (PBLs) control the exchange processes between the atmosphere and the ocean/land. The key problems of PBL physics are to determine the PBL height, the momentum, energy and matter fluxes at the surface and the mean wind and scalar profiles throughout the layer in a range of regimes from stable and neutral to convective. Until present, the PBLs typical of stormy weather were always considered as neutrally stratified. Recent works have disclosed that such PBLs are in fact very strongly affected by the static stability of the free atmosphere and must be treated as factually stable (we call this type of the PBL "conventionally neutral" in contract to the "truly neutral" PBLs developed against the neutrally stratified free flow). It is common knowledge that basic features of PBLs exhibit a noticeable dependence on the free-flow static stability and baroclinicity. However, the concern of the traditional theory of neural and stable PBLs was almost without exception the barotropic nocturnal PBL, which develops at mid latitudes during a few hours in the night, on the background of a neutral or slightly stable residual layer. The latter separates this type of the PBL from the free atmosphere. It is not surprising that the nature of turbulence in such regimes is basically local and does not depend on the properties of the free atmosphere. Alternatively, long-lived neutral (in fact only conditionally neutral) or stable PBLs, which have much more time to grow up, are placed immediately below the stably stratified free flow. Under these conditions, the turbulent transports of momentum and scalars even in the surface layer - far away from the PBL outer boundary - depend on the free-flow Brunt-Väisälä frequency, N. Furthermore, integral measures of the long-lived PBLs (their depths and the resistance law functions) depend on N and also on the baroclinic shear, S. In the traditional PBL models both non-local parameters N and S were overlooked

  2. Atmospheric boundary layers in storms: advanced theory and modelling applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Zilitinkevich

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Turbulent planetary boundary layers (PBLs control the exchange processes between the atmosphere and the ocean/land. The key problems of PBL physics are to determine the PBL height, the momentum, energy and matter fluxes at the surface and the mean wind and scalar profiles throughout the layer in a range of regimes from stable and neutral to convective. Until present, the PBLs typical of stormy weather were always considered as neutrally stratified. Recent works have disclosed that such PBLs are in fact very strongly affected by the static stability of the free atmosphere and must be treated as factually stable (we call this type of the PBL "conventionally neutral" in contract to the "truly neutral" PBLs developed against the neutrally stratified free flow. It is common knowledge that basic features of PBLs exhibit a noticeable dependence on the free-flow static stability and baroclinicity. However, the concern of the traditional theory of neural and stable PBLs was almost without exception the barotropic nocturnal PBL, which develops at mid latitudes during a few hours in the night, on the background of a neutral or slightly stable residual layer. The latter separates this type of the PBL from the free atmosphere. It is not surprising that the nature of turbulence in such regimes is basically local and does not depend on the properties of the free atmosphere. Alternatively, long-lived neutral (in fact only conditionally neutral or stable PBLs, which have much more time to grow up, are placed immediately below the stably stratified free flow. Under these conditions, the turbulent transports of momentum and scalars even in the surface layer - far away from the PBL outer boundary - depend on the free-flow Brunt-Väisälä frequency, N. Furthermore, integral measures of the long-lived PBLs (their depths and the resistance law functions depend on N and also on the baroclinic shear, S. In the traditional PBL models both non-local parameters N and S

  3. International Conference on Computer Modelling of Seas and Coastal Regions and Boundary Elements and Fluid Dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Partridge, P; Boundary Elements in Fluid Dynamics

    1992-01-01

    This book Boundary Elements in Fluid Dynamics is the second volume of the two volume proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Modelling of Seas and Coastal Regions and Boundary Elements and Fluid Dynamics, held in Southampton, U.K., in April 1992. The Boundary Element Method (BEM) is now fully established as an ac­ curate and successful technique for solving engineering problems in a wide range of fields. The success of the method is due to its advantages in data reduction, as only the boundary of the region is modelled. Thus moving boundaries may be more easily handled, which is not the case if domain methods are used. In addition, the method is easily able to model regions to extending to infinity. Fluid mechanics is traditionally one of the most challenging areas of engi­ neering, the simulation of fluid motion, particularly in three dimensions, is always a serious test for any numerical method, and is an area in which BEM analysis may be used taking full advantage of its special character...

  4. Cubic B-spline solution for two-point boundary value problem with AOR iterative method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suardi, M. N.; Radzuan, N. Z. F. M.; Sulaiman, J.

    2017-09-01

    In this study, the cubic B-spline approximation equation has been derived by using the cubic B-spline discretization scheme to solve two-point boundary value problems. In addition to that, system of cubic B-spline approximation equations is generated from this spline approximation equation in order to get the numerical solutions. To do this, the Accelerated Over Relaxation (AOR) iterative method has been used to solve the generated linear system. For the purpose of comparison, the GS iterative method is designated as a control method to compare between SOR and AOR iterative methods. There are two examples of proposed problems that have been considered to examine the efficiency of these proposed iterative methods via three parameters such as their number of iterations, computational time and maximum absolute error. The numerical results are obtained from these iterative methods, it can be concluded that the AOR iterative method is slightly efficient as compared with SOR iterative method.

  5. Numerical Approximation of Boundary Control for the Wave Equation - with Application to an Inverse Problem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mariegaard, Jesper Sandvig

    equation: a linear finite element method (L-FEM) and a discontinuous Galerkin-FEM (DG-FEM). The controllability operator is discretized with both L-FEM and DG-FEM to obtain a HUM matrix. We show that formulating HUM in a sine basis is beneficial for several reasons: (i) separation of low and high frequency......We consider a control problem for the wave equation: Given the initial state, find a specific boundary condition, called a control, that steers the system to a desired final state. The Hilbert uniqueness method (HUM) is a mathematical method for the solution of such control problems. It builds...... on the duality between the control system and its adjoint system, and these systems are connected via a so-called controllability operator. In this project, we are concerned with the numerical approximation of HUM control for the one-dimensional wave equation. We study two semi-discretizations of the wave...

  6. Local non-similarity method through the Crocco's transformation in boundary layer problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jardim, R.G.M.

    1981-04-01

    The coordinate transformation developed by L. Crocco to obtain the solution of the compressible fluid flows over isotermal flat plates is originally employed in the present work, with the purpose of adding its inherent advantage to the Non-Similarity Method idealized by E.M. Sparrow, in the solution of the incompressible non-similar boundary layers. The Crocco's transformation is applied to the conservation equation for forced convection, laminar, constant properties and two-dimensional flows over solids. Two non-similar problems arisen from freestream velocity distribution, the cylinder in crossflow and the Howarth's retarded flow, are solved with a view to illustrating the new procedure. In those solutions the effect of frictional heat is also considered. The results of hydrodynamic and thermal problems are compared with available published information and good agreement was observed. (Author) [pt

  7. A new extrapolation cascadic multigrid method for three dimensional elliptic boundary value problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Kejia; He, Dongdong; Hu, Hongling; Ren, Zhengyong

    2017-09-01

    In this paper, we develop a new extrapolation cascadic multigrid method, which makes it possible to solve three dimensional elliptic boundary value problems with over 100 million unknowns on a desktop computer in half a minute. First, by combining Richardson extrapolation and quadratic finite element (FE) interpolation for the numerical solutions on two-level of grids (current and previous grids), we provide a quite good initial guess for the iterative solution on the next finer grid, which is a third-order approximation to the FE solution. And the resulting large linear system from the FE discretization is then solved by the Jacobi-preconditioned conjugate gradient (JCG) method with the obtained initial guess. Additionally, instead of performing a fixed number of iterations as used in existing cascadic multigrid methods, a relative residual tolerance is introduced in the JCG solver, which enables us to obtain conveniently the numerical solution with the desired accuracy. Moreover, a simple method based on the midpoint extrapolation formula is proposed to achieve higher-order accuracy on the finest grid cheaply and directly. Test results from four examples including two smooth problems with both constant and variable coefficients, an H3-regular problem as well as an anisotropic problem are reported to show that the proposed method has much better efficiency compared to the classical V-cycle and W-cycle multigrid methods. Finally, we present the reason why our method is highly efficient for solving these elliptic problems.

  8. Green’s Function and Positive Solutions for a Second-Order Singular Boundary Value Problem with Integral Boundary Conditions and a Delayed Argument

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuemei Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the expression and properties of Green’s function for a second-order singular boundary value problem with integral boundary conditions and delayed argument -x′′t-atx′t+btxt=ωtft, xαt,  t∈0, 1;  x′0=0,  x1-∫01htxtdt=0, where a∈0, 1, 0, +∞, b∈C0, 1, 0, +∞ and, ω may be singular at t=0 or/and at t=1. Furthermore, several new and more general results are obtained for the existence of positive solutions for the above problem by using Krasnosel’skii’s fixed point theorem. We discuss our problems with a delayed argument, which may concern optimization issues of some technical problems. Moreover, the approach to express the integral equation of the above problem is different from earlier approaches. Our results cover a second-order boundary value problem without deviating arguments and are compared with some recent results.

  9. Global-in-time smoothness of solutions to the vacuum free boundary problem for compressible isentropic Navier–Stokes equations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeng, Huihui

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we establish the global existence of smooth solutions to vacuum free boundary problems of the one-dimensional compressible isentropic Navier–Stokes equations for which the smoothness extends all the way to the boundaries. The results obtained in this work include the physical vacuum for which the sound speed is C 1/2 -Hölder continuous near the vacuum boundaries when 1 < γ < 3. The novelty of this result is its global-in-time regularity which is in contrast to the previous main results of global weak solutions in the literature. Moreover, in previous studies of the one-dimensional free boundary problems of compressible Navier–Stokes equations, the Lagrangian mass coordinates method has often been used, but in the present work the particle path (flow trajectory) method is adopted, which has the advantage that the particle paths and, in particular, the free boundaries can be traced. (paper)

  10. RANS Modeling of Benchmark Shockwave / Boundary Layer Interaction Experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgiadis, Nick; Vyas, Manan; Yoder, Dennis

    2010-01-01

    This presentation summarizes the computations of a set of shock wave / turbulent boundary layer interaction (SWTBLI) test cases using the Wind-US code, as part of the 2010 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) shock / boundary layer interaction workshop. The experiments involve supersonic flows in wind tunnels with a shock generator that directs an oblique shock wave toward the boundary layer along one of the walls of the wind tunnel. The Wind-US calculations utilized structured grid computations performed in Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes mode. Three turbulence models were investigated: the Spalart-Allmaras one-equation model, the Menter Shear Stress Transport wavenumber-angular frequency two-equation model, and an explicit algebraic stress wavenumber-angular frequency formulation. Effects of grid resolution and upwinding scheme were also considered. The results from the CFD calculations are compared to particle image velocimetry (PIV) data from the experiments. As expected, turbulence model effects dominated the accuracy of the solutions with upwinding scheme selection indicating minimal effects.!

  11. Modeling a hydroform springback problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Korzekwa, D.A.; Guerra, F.M.

    1986-01-01

    A shallow stretch - draw sheet forming operation performed on a hydroform machine was modeled with the finite element codes NIKE2D and ADINA78. The forming process produces a a thin spherical shell segment with a flange. The final shape of the part differs substantially from the die because of springback, yet the part must be very accurate to meet the specified tolerance. This difficult problem was chosen specifically to determine the limits of accuracy of currently available codes. NIKE2D produced reasonably good results on a macroscopic scale. However, the strain predictions were not quantitatively correct, and the shape predictions were not accurate enough to predict whether the part would satisfy the very restrictive tolerance. The ADINA results were similar. The experimental results strongly suggest that the friction conditions at the flange are not being modeled accurately, which results in the inaccurate strain predictions. The springback predictions were qualitatively correct, indicating that improvements in the predicted strains should give much better shape predictions.

  12. Boundary Layer Effect on Behavior of Discrete Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Eliáš

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper studies systems of rigid bodies with randomly generated geometry interconnected by normal and tangential bonds. The stiffness of these bonds determines the macroscopic elastic modulus while the macroscopic Poisson’s ratio of the system is determined solely by the normal/tangential stiffness ratio. Discrete models with no directional bias have the same probability of element orientation for any direction and therefore the same mechanical properties in a statistical sense at any point and direction. However, the layers of elements in the vicinity of the boundary exhibit biased orientation, preferring elements parallel with the boundary. As a consequence, when strain occurs in this direction, the boundary layer becomes stiffer than the interior for the normal/tangential stiffness ratio larger than one, and vice versa. Nonlinear constitutive laws are typically such that the straining of an element in shear results in higher strength and ductility than straining in tension. Since the boundary layer tends, due to the bias in the elemental orientation, to involve more tension than shear at the contacts, it also becomes weaker and less ductile. The paper documents these observations and compares them to the results of theoretical analysis.

  13. Finite-element numerical modeling of atmospheric turbulent boundary layer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, H. N.; Kao, S. K.

    1979-01-01

    A dynamic turbulent boundary-layer model in the neutral atmosphere is constructed, using a dynamic turbulent equation of the eddy viscosity coefficient for momentum derived from the relationship among the turbulent dissipation rate, the turbulent kinetic energy and the eddy viscosity coefficient, with aid of the turbulent second-order closure scheme. A finite-element technique was used for the numerical integration. In preliminary results, the behavior of the neutral planetary boundary layer agrees well with the available data and with the existing elaborate turbulent models, using a finite-difference scheme. The proposed dynamic formulation of the eddy viscosity coefficient for momentum is particularly attractive and can provide a viable alternative approach to study atmospheric turbulence, diffusion and air pollution.

  14. Memory allocation and computations for Laplace’s equation of 3-D arbitrary boundary problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsay Tswn-Syau

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Computation iteration schemes and memory allocation technique for finite difference method were presented in this paper. The transformed form of a groundwater flow problem in the generalized curvilinear coordinates was taken to be the illustrating example and a 3-dimensional second order accurate 19-point scheme was presented. Traditional element-by-element methods (e.g. SOR are preferred since it is simple and memory efficient but time consuming in computation. For efficient memory allocation, an index method was presented to store the sparse non-symmetric matrix of the problem. For computations, conjugate-gradient-like methods were reported to be computationally efficient. Among them, using incomplete Choleski decomposition as preconditioner was reported to be good method for iteration convergence. In general, the developed index method in this paper has the following advantages: (1 adaptable to various governing and boundary conditions, (2 flexible for higher order approximation, (3 independence of problem dimension, (4 efficient for complex problems when global matrix is not symmetric, (5 convenience for general sparse matrices, (6 computationally efficient in the most time consuming procedure of matrix multiplication, and (7 applicable to any developed matrix solver.

  15. Beyond the climate envelope: using trait filtering models to predict biome boundaries from plant physiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, R.; Hoffmann, W. A.; Muszala, S.

    2014-12-01

    The introduction of second-generation dynamic vegetation models - which simulate the distribution of light resources between plant types along the vertical canopy profile, and therefore facilitate the representation of plant competition explicitly - is a large increase in the complexity and fidelity with which the terrestrial biosphere is abstracted into Earth System Models. In this new class of model, biome boundaries are predicted as the emergent properties of plant physiology, and are therefore sensitive to the high-dimensional parameterizations of plant functional traits. These new approaches offer the facility to quantitatively test ecophysiological hypotheses of plant distribution at large scales, a field which remains surprisingly under-developed. Here we describe experiments conducted with the Community Land Model Ecosystem Demography component, CLM(ED), in which we reduce the complexity of the problem by testing how individual plant functional trait changes to control the location of biome boundaries between functional types. Specifically, we investigate which physiological trade-offs determine the boundary between frequently burned savanna and forest biomes, and attempt to distinguish how each strategic life-history trade-off (carbon storage, bark investment, re-sprouting strategy) contributes towards the maintenance of sharp geographical gradients between fire adapted and typically inflammable closed canopy ecosystems. This study forms part of the planning for a model-inspired fire manipulation experiment at the cerrado-forest boundary in South-Eastern Brazil, and the results will be used to guide future data-collection and analysis strategies.

  16. iSentenizer-μ: multilingual sentence boundary detection model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Derek F; Chao, Lidia S; Zeng, Xiaodong

    2014-01-01

    Sentence boundary detection (SBD) system is normally quite sensitive to genres of data that the system is trained on. The genres of data are often referred to the shifts of text topics and new languages domains. Although new detection models can be retrained for different languages or new text genres, previous model has to be thrown away and the creation process has to be restarted from scratch. In this paper, we present a multilingual sentence boundary detection system (iSentenizer-μ) for Danish, German, English, Spanish, Dutch, French, Italian, Portuguese, Greek, Finnish, and Swedish languages. The proposed system is able to detect the sentence boundaries of a mixture of different text genres and languages with high accuracy. We employ i (+)Learning algorithm, an incremental tree learning architecture, for constructing the system. iSentenizer-μ, under the incremental learning framework, is adaptable to text of different topics and Roman-alphabet languages, by merging new data into existing model to learn the new knowledge incrementally by revision instead of retraining. The system has been extensively evaluated on different languages and text genres and has been compared against two state-of-the-art SBD systems, Punkt and MaxEnt. The experimental results show that the proposed system outperforms the other systems on all datasets.

  17. iSentenizer-μ: Multilingual Sentence Boundary Detection Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derek F. Wong

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sentence boundary detection (SBD system is normally quite sensitive to genres of data that the system is trained on. The genres of data are often referred to the shifts of text topics and new languages domains. Although new detection models can be retrained for different languages or new text genres, previous model has to be thrown away and the creation process has to be restarted from scratch. In this paper, we present a multilingual sentence boundary detection system (iSentenizer-μ for Danish, German, English, Spanish, Dutch, French, Italian, Portuguese, Greek, Finnish, and Swedish languages. The proposed system is able to detect the sentence boundaries of a mixture of different text genres and languages with high accuracy. We employ i+Learning algorithm, an incremental tree learning architecture, for constructing the system. iSentenizer-μ, under the incremental learning framework, is adaptable to text of different topics and Roman-alphabet languages, by merging new data into existing model to learn the new knowledge incrementally by revision instead of retraining. The system has been extensively evaluated on different languages and text genres and has been compared against two state-of-the-art SBD systems, Punkt and MaxEnt. The experimental results show that the proposed system outperforms the other systems on all datasets.

  18. Numerical solution to the oblique derivative boundary value problem on non-uniform grids above the Earth topography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medl'a, Matej; Mikula, Karol; Čunderlík, Róbert; Macák, Marek

    2018-01-01

    The paper presents a numerical solution of the oblique derivative boundary value problem on and above the Earth's topography using the finite volume method (FVM). It introduces a novel method for constructing non-uniform hexahedron 3D grids above the Earth's surface. It is based on an evolution of a surface, which approximates the Earth's topography, by mean curvature. To obtain optimal shapes of non-uniform 3D grid, the proposed evolution is accompanied by a tangential redistribution of grid nodes. Afterwards, the Laplace equation is discretized using FVM developed for such a non-uniform grid. The oblique derivative boundary condition is treated as a stationary advection equation, and we derive a new upwind type discretization suitable for non-uniform 3D grids. The discretization of the Laplace equation together with the discretization of the oblique derivative boundary condition leads to a linear system of equations. The solution of this system gives the disturbing potential in the whole computational domain including the Earth's surface. Numerical experiments aim to show properties and demonstrate efficiency of the developed FVM approach. The first experiments study an experimental order of convergence of the method. Then, a reconstruction of the harmonic function on the Earth's topography, which is generated from the EGM2008 or EIGEN-6C4 global geopotential model, is presented. The obtained FVM solutions show that refining of the computational grid leads to more precise results. The last experiment deals with local gravity field modelling in Slovakia using terrestrial gravity data. The GNSS-levelling test shows accuracy of the obtained local quasigeoid model.

  19. A Nash-Hörmander iteration and boundary elements for the Molodensky problem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Costea, Adrian; Gimperlein, Heiko; Stephan, Ernst P.

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the numerical approximation of the nonlinear Molodensky problem, which reconstructs the surface of the earth from the gravitational potential and the gravity vector. The method, based on a smoothed Nash–Hörmander iteration, solves a sequence of exterior oblique Robin problems...... evaluation of the Hessian of the gravitational potential on the surface, using a representation in terms of a hypersingular integral.Aboundary element method is used to solve the exterior problem. Numerical results compare the error between the approximation and the exact solution in a model problem....

  20. A classical Perron method for existence of smooth solutions to boundary value and obstacle problems for degenerate-elliptic operators via holomorphic maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feehan, Paul M. N.

    2017-09-01

    We prove existence of solutions to boundary value problems and obstacle problems for degenerate-elliptic, linear, second-order partial differential operators with partial Dirichlet boundary conditions using a new version of the Perron method. The elliptic operators considered have a degeneracy along a portion of the domain boundary which is similar to the degeneracy of a model linear operator identified by Daskalopoulos and Hamilton [9] in their study of the porous medium equation or the degeneracy of the Heston operator [21] in mathematical finance. Existence of a solution to the partial Dirichlet problem on a half-ball, where the operator becomes degenerate on the flat boundary and a Dirichlet condition is only imposed on the spherical boundary, provides the key additional ingredient required for our Perron method. Surprisingly, proving existence of a solution to this partial Dirichlet problem with ;mixed; boundary conditions on a half-ball is more challenging than one might expect. Due to the difficulty in developing a global Schauder estimate and due to compatibility conditions arising where the ;degenerate; and ;non-degenerate boundaries; touch, one cannot directly apply the continuity or approximate solution methods. However, in dimension two, there is a holomorphic map from the half-disk onto the infinite strip in the complex plane and one can extend this definition to higher dimensions to give a diffeomorphism from the half-ball onto the infinite ;slab;. The solution to the partial Dirichlet problem on the half-ball can thus be converted to a partial Dirichlet problem on the slab, albeit for an operator which now has exponentially growing coefficients. The required Schauder regularity theory and existence of a solution to the partial Dirichlet problem on the slab can nevertheless be obtained using previous work of the author and C. Pop [16]. Our Perron method relies on weak and strong maximum principles for degenerate-elliptic operators, concepts of

  1. Cloud-Scale Numerical Modeling of the Arctic Boundary Layer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruegen, Steven K.; Delnore, Victor E. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    The research objective of this NASA grant-funded project was to determine in detail how large-scale processes. in combination with cloud-scale radiative, microphysical, and dynamical processes, govern the formation and multi-layered structure of Arctic stratus clouds. This information will be useful for developing and improving 1D (one dimensional) boundary layer models for the Arctic. Also, to quantitatively determine the effects of leads on the large-scale budgets of sensible heat, water vapor, and condensate in a variety of Arctic winter conditions. This information will be used to identify the most important lead-flux processes that require parameterization in climate models. Our approach was to use a high-resolution numerical model, the 2D (two dimensional) University of Utah Cloud Resolving Model (UU CRM), and its 1D version, the University of Utah Turbulence Closure Model (UU TCM), a boundary layer model based on third-moment turbulence closure, as well as a large-eddy simulation (LES) model originally developed by C.H. Moeng.

  2. An immersed boundary method for modeling a dirty geometry data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onishi, Keiji; Tsubokura, Makoto

    2017-11-01

    We present a robust, fast, and low preparation cost immersed boundary method (IBM) for simulating an incompressible high Re flow around highly complex geometries. The method is achieved by the dispersion of the momentum by the axial linear projection and the approximate domain assumption satisfying the mass conservation around the wall including cells. This methodology has been verified against an analytical theory and wind tunnel experiment data. Next, we simulate the problem of flow around a rotating object and demonstrate the ability of this methodology to the moving geometry problem. This methodology provides the possibility as a method for obtaining a quick solution at a next large scale supercomputer. This research was supported by MEXT as ``Priority Issue on Post-K computer'' (Development of innovative design and production processes) and used computational resources of the K computer provided by the RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science.

  3. Turbulence modeling of shock separated boundary-layer flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coakley, T. J.; Viegas, J. R.

    1977-01-01

    Computations of transonic and hypersonic shock-separated boundary-layer flows using zero-equation (algebraic), one-equation (kinetic energy), and two-equation (kinetic energy plus length scale) turbulence eddy viscosity models are described and compared with measurements. The computations make use of a new Navier-Stokes computer algorithm that has reduced computing times by one to two orders of magnitude. The algorithm, and how the turbulence models are incorporated into it, are described. Results for the transonic flow show that the unmodified one-equation model is superior to the zero-equation model in skin-friction predictions. For the hypersonic flow, a highly modified one-equation model that accurately predicts surface pressure and heat transfer is described. Preliminary two-equation model results are also presented.

  4. Interior and exterior solutions for boundary value problems in composite elastic and viscous media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. L. Jain

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available We present the solutions for the boundary value problems of elasticity when a homogeneous and isotropic solid of an arbitrary shape is embedded in an infinite homogeneous isotropic medium of different properties. The solutions are obtained inside both the guest and host media by an integral equation technique. The boundaries considered are an oblong, a triaxial ellipsoid and an elliptic cyclinder of a finite height and their limiting configurations in two and three dimensions. The exact interior and exterior solutions for an ellipsoidal inclusion and its limiting configurations are presented when the infinite host medium is subjected to a uniform strain. In the case of an oblong or an elliptic cylinder of finite height the solutions are approximate. Next, we present the formula for the energy stored in the infinite host medium due to the presence of an arbitrary symmetrical void in it. This formula is evaluated for the special case of a spherical void. Finally, we analyse the change of shape of a viscous incompressible ellipsoidal region embedded in a slowly deforming fluid of a different viscosity. Two interesting limiting cases are discussed in detail.

  5. Positive Solutions of Three-Order Delayed Periodic Boundary Value Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Na Wang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Our main purpose is to consider the existence of positive solutions for three-order two-point boundary value problem in the following form: u′′′(t+ρ3u(t=f(t,u(t-τ,  0≤t≤2π,  u(i(0=u(i(2π,  i=1,2,  u(t=σ,  -τ≤t≤0, where σ,ρ, and τ are given constants satisfying τ∈(0,π/2. Some inequality conditions on ρ3u-f(t,u guaranteeing the existence and nonexistence of positive solutions are presented. Our discussion is based on the fixed point theorem in cones.

  6. Regularity of the solutions to a nonlinear boundary problem with indefinite weight

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aomar Anane

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we study the regularity of the solutions to the problemDelta_p u = |u|^{p−2}u in the bounded smooth domainOmega ⊂ R^N,with|∇u|^{p−2} partial_{nu} u = lambda V (x|u|^{p−2}u + h as a nonlinear boundary condition, where partial Omega is C^{2,beta}, with beta ∈]0, 1[, and V is a weight in L^s(partial Omega and h ∈ L^s(partial Omega for some s ≥ 1. We prove that all solutions are in L^{infty}(Omega cap L^{infty}(Omega, and using the D.Debenedetto’s theorem of regularity in [1] we conclude that those solutions are in C^{1,alpha} overline{Omega} for some alpha ∈ ]0, 1[.

  7. Exact multiplicity results for quasilinear boundary-value problems with cubic-like nonlinearities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idris Addou

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available We consider the boundary-value problem $$displaylines{ -(varphi_p (u'' =lambda f(u mbox{ in }(0,1 cr u(0 = u(1 =0,, }$$ where $p>1$, $lambda >0$ and $varphi_p (x =| x|^{p-2}x$. The nonlinearity $f$ is cubic-like with three distinct roots 0=a less than b less than c. By means of a quadrature method, we provide the exact number of solutions for all $lambda >0$. This way we extend a recent result, for $p=2$, by Korman et al. cite{KormanLiOuyang} to the general case $p>1$. We shall prove that when 1less than $pleq 2$ the structure of the solution set is exactly the same as that studied in the case $p=2$ by Korman et al. cite{KormanLiOuyang}, and strictly different in the case $p>2$.

  8. Existence of positive solutions for boundary value problem of second-order functional differential equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daqing Jiang

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available We use a fixed point index theorem in cones to study the existence of positive solutions for boundary value problems of second-order functional differential equations of the form $$\\left\\{ \\begin{array}{ll} y''(x+r(xf(y(w(x=0,&0

  9. Boundary Value Problem for Analysis of Portal Double-Row Stabilizing Piles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng Huang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a new numerical approach for computing the internal force and displacement of portal double-row piles used to stabilize potential landslide. First, the new differential equations governing the mechanical behaviour of the stabilizing pile are formulated and the boundary conditions are mathematically specified. Then, the problem is numerically solved by the high-accuracy Runge-Kutta finite difference method. A program package has been developed in MATLAB depending on the proposed algorithm. Illustrative examples are presented to demonstrate the validity of the developed program. In short, the proposed approach is a practical new idea for analyzing the portal double-row stabilizing pile as a useful supplement to traditional methods such as FEM.

  10. Convergence Analysis of the Preconditioned Group Splitting Methods in Boundary Value Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norhashidah Hj. Mohd Ali

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The construction of a specific splitting-type preconditioner in block formulation applied to a class of group relaxation iterative methods derived from the centred and rotated (skewed finite difference approximations has been shown to improve the convergence rates of these methods. In this paper, we present some theoretical convergence analysis on this preconditioner specifically applied to the linear systems resulted from these group iterative schemes in solving an elliptic boundary value problem. We will theoretically show the relationship between the spectral radiuses of the iteration matrices of the preconditioned methods which affects the rate of convergence of these methods. We will also show that the spectral radius of the preconditioned matrices is smaller than that of their unpreconditioned counterparts if the relaxation parameter is in a certain optimum range. Numerical experiments will also be presented to confirm the agreement between the theoretical and the experimental results.

  11. Positive Solutions to a Generalized Second-Order Difference Equation with Summation Boundary Value Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanin Sitthiwirattham

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available By using Krasnoselskii's fixed point theorem, we study the existence of positive solutions to the three-point summation boundary value problem Δ2u(t-1+a(tf(u(t=0, t∈{1,2,…,T}, u(0=β∑s=1ηu(s, u(T+1=α∑s=1ηu(s, where f is continuous, T≥3 is a fixed positive integer, η∈{1,2,...,T-1}, 0<α<(2T+2/η(η+1, 0<β<(2T+2-αη(η+1/η(2T-η+1, and Δu(t-1=u(t-u(t-1. We show the existence of at least one positive solution if f is either superlinear or sublinear.

  12. Numerical continuation methods for dynamical systems path following and boundary value problems

    CERN Document Server

    Krauskopf, Bernd; Galan-Vioque, Jorge

    2007-01-01

    Path following in combination with boundary value problem solvers has emerged as a continuing and strong influence in the development of dynamical systems theory and its application. It is widely acknowledged that the software package AUTO - developed by Eusebius J. Doedel about thirty years ago and further expanded and developed ever since - plays a central role in the brief history of numerical continuation. This book has been compiled on the occasion of Sebius Doedel''s 60th birthday. Bringing together for the first time a large amount of material in a single, accessible source, it is hoped that the book will become the natural entry point for researchers in diverse disciplines who wish to learn what numerical continuation techniques can achieve. The book opens with a foreword by Herbert B. Keller and lecture notes by Sebius Doedel himself that introduce the basic concepts of numerical bifurcation analysis. The other chapters by leading experts discuss continuation for various types of systems and objects ...

  13. Existence and boundary behavior of positive solutions for a Sturm-Liouville problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syrine Masmoudi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we discuss existence, uniqueness and boundary behavior of a positive solution to the following nonlinear Sturm-Liouville problem \\[\\begin{aligned}&\\frac{1}{A}(Au^{\\prime }^{\\prime }+a(tu^{\\sigma}=0\\;\\;\\text{in}\\;(0,1,\\\\ &\\lim\\limits_{t\\to 0}Au^{\\prime}(t=0,\\quad u(1=0,\\end{aligned}\\] where \\(\\sigma \\lt 1\\, \\(A\\ is a positive differentiable function on \\((0,1\\ and \\(a\\ is a positive measurable function in \\((0,1\\ satisfying some appropriate assumptions related to the Karamata class. Our main result is obtained by means of fixed point methods combined with Karamata regular variation theory.

  14. Two-phase semilinear free boundary problem with a degenerate phase

    KAUST Repository

    Matevosyan, Norayr

    2010-10-16

    We study minimizers of the energy functional ∫D[{pipe}∇u{pipe}2 + λ(u+)p]dx for p ∈ (0, 1) without any sign restriction on the function u. The distinguished feature of the problem is the lack of nondegeneracy in the negative phase. The main result states that in dimension two the free boundaries Γ+ = ∂{u > 0} ∩ D andΓ- = ∂{u < 0} ∩ D are C1,α-regular, provided 1 - ∈0 < p < 1. The proof is obtained by a careful iteration of the Harnack inequality to obtain a nontrivial growth estimate in the negative phase, compensating for the apriori unknown nondegeneracy. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

  15. Multiple Solutions for a Nonlinear Fractional Boundary Value Problem via Critical Point Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Wang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is concerned with the existence of multiple solutions for the following nonlinear fractional boundary value problem: DT-αaxD0+αux=fx,ux,  x∈0,T, u0=uT=0, where α∈1/2,1, ax∈L∞0,T with a0=ess  infx∈0,Tax>0, DT-α and D0+α stand for the left and right Riemann-Liouville fractional derivatives of order α, respectively, and f:0,T×R→R is continuous. The existence of infinitely many nontrivial high or small energy solutions is obtained by using variant fountain theorems.

  16. On the radiative transfer problem in a spherical medium subject to Fresnel's reflective boundary conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mohammed, M.H.H.

    2012-01-01

    Radiation transfer problem for anisotropic scattering in a spherical homogeneous, turbid medium with angular dependent (specular) and diffuse reflecting boundary is considered. The angular dependent reflectivity of the boundary is considered as Fresnel's reflection probability function. The solution of the problem containing an energy source in a medium of specular and diffuse reflecting boundaries is given in terms of the solution of the source-free problem. The source-free problem for anisotropic scattering through a homogeneous solid sphere and two concentric spheres is solved by using the Pomraning- Eddington approximation method. This method transform the integro-differential equation into two differential equations for the radiance g (x) and net flux q (x) which has an analytical solution in terms of the modified Bessel function. Two different weight functions are used to verify the boundary conditions and so, find the solution constants. The partial heat fluxes at the boundaries of a solid sphere and spherical shell of transparent and reflecting boundaries are calculated. The media are taken with or without internal black-body radiation. The calculations are carried out for various values of refractive index and different radii. The results are compared with those of the Galerkin technique

  17. A finite difference method for a two-point boundary value problem with a Caputo fractional derivative

    OpenAIRE

    Stynes, Martin; Gracia, José Luis

    2013-01-01

    A two-point boundary value problem whose highest-order term is a Caputo fractional derivative of order $\\delta \\in (1,2)$ is considered. Al-Refai's comparison principle is improved and modified to fit our problem. Sharp a priori bounds on derivatives of the solution $u$ of the boundary value problem are established, showing that $u''(x)$ may be unbounded at the interval endpoint $x=0$. These bounds and a discrete comparison principle are used to prove pointwise convergence of a finite differe...

  18. A Nitsche cut finite element method for the Oseen problem with general Navier boundary conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winter, M.; Schott, B.; Massing, A.; Wall, W. A.

    2018-03-01

    In this work a Nitsche-based imposition of generalized Navier conditions on cut meshes for the Oseen problem is presented. Other methods from literature dealing with the generalized Navier condition impose this condition by means of substituting the tangential Robin condition in a classical Galerkin way. These methods work fine for a large slip length coefficient but lead to conditioning and stability issues when it approaches zero. We introduce a novel method for the weak imposition of the generalized Navier condition which remains well-posed and stable for arbitrary choice of slip length, including zero. The method proposed here builds on the formulation done by [1]. They impose a Robin condition for the Poisson problem by means of Nitsche's method for an arbitrary combination of the Dirichlet and Neumann parts of the condition. The analysis conducted for the proposed method is done in a similar fashion as in [2], but is done here for a more general type of boundary condition. The analysis proves stability for all flow regimes and all choices of slip lengths. Also an L2-optimal estimate for the velocity error is shown, which was not conducted in the previously mentioned work. A numerical example is carried out for varying slip lengths to verify the robustness and stability of the method with respect to the choice of slip length. Even though proofs and formulations are presented for the more general case of an unfitted grid method, they can easily be reduced to the simpler case of a boundary-fitted grid with the removal of the ghost-penalty stabilization terms.

  19. CFD Modeling of Non-Neutral Atmospheric Boundary Layer Conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koblitz, Tilman

    . All implementations in the ABL model are tuning free, and except for standard site specific input parameters, no additional model coefficients need to be specified before the simulation. In summary the results show that the implemented modifications are applicable and reproduce the main flow......For wind resource assessment, the wind industry is increasingly relying on Computational Fluid Dynamics models that focus on modeling the airflow in a neutrally stratified surface-layer. Physical processes like the Coriolis force, buoyancy forces and heat transport, that are important...... to the atmospheric boundary-layer, are mostly ignored so far. In order to decrease the uncertainty of wind resource assessment, the present work focuses on atmospheric flows that include atmospheric stability and the Coriolis effect. Within the present work a RANS model framework is developed and implemented...

  20. Modeling of Elastodynamic Problems in Finite Solid Media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cho, Youn Ho

    2000-01-01

    Various modeling techniques for ultrasonic wave propagation and scattering problems in finite solid media are presented. Elastodynamic boundary value problems in inhomogeneous multi-layered plate-like structures are set up for modal analysis of guided wave propagation and numerically solved to obtain dispersion curves which show propagation characteristics of guided waves. As a powerful modeling tool to overcome such numerical difficulties in wave scattering problems as the geometrical complexity and mode conversion, the Boundary Element Method(BEM) is introduced and is combined with the normal mode expansion technique to develop the hybrid BEM, an efficient technique for modeling multi mode conversion of guided wave scattering problems. Time dependent wave forms are obtained through the inverse Fourier transformation of the numerical solutions in the frequency domain. 3D BEM program development is underway to model more practical ultrasonic wave signals. Some encouraging numerical results have recently been obtained in comparison with the analytical solutions for wave propagation in a bar subjected to time harmonic longitudinal excitation. It is expected that the presented modeling techniques for elastic wave propagation and scattering can be applied to establish quantitative nondestructive evaluation techniques in various ways

  1. On the regularity of the free boundary in the optimal partial transport problem for general cost functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, S.; Indrei, E.

    2015-04-01

    This paper concerns the regularity and geometry of the free boundary in the optimal partial transport problem for general cost functions. More specifically, we prove that a C1 cost implies a locally Lipschitz free boundary. As an application, we address a problem discussed by Caffarelli and McCann [1] regarding cost functions satisfying the Ma-Trudinger-Wang condition (A3): if the non-negative source density is in some Lp (Rn) space for p ∈ (n + 1/2, ∞ ] and the positive target density is bounded away from zero, then the free boundary is a semiconvex Cloc1,α hypersurface. Furthermore, we show that a locally Lipschitz cost implies a rectifiable free boundary and initiate a corresponding regularity theory in the Riemannian setting.

  2. An outgoing energy flux boundary condition for finite difference ICRP antenna models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Batchelor, D.B.; Carter, M.D.

    1992-11-01

    For antennas at the ion cyclotron range of frequencies (ICRF) modeling in vacuum can now be carried out to a high level of detail such that shaping of the current straps, isolating septa, and discrete Faraday shield structures can be included. An efficient approach would be to solve for the fields in the vacuum region near the antenna in three dimensions by finite methods and to match this solution at the plasma-vacuum interface to a solution obtained in the plasma region in one dimension by Fourier methods. This approach has been difficult to carry out because boundary conditions must be imposed at the edge of the finite difference grid on a point-by-point basis, whereas the condition for outgoing energy flux into the plasma is known only in terms of the Fourier transform of the plasma fields. A technique is presented by which a boundary condition can be imposed on the computational grid of a three-dimensional finite difference, or finite element, code by constraining the discrete Fourier transform of the fields at the boundary points to satisfy an outgoing energy flux condition appropriate for the plasma. The boundary condition at a specific grid point appears as a coupling to other grid points on the boundary, with weighting determined by a kemel calctdated from the plasma surface impedance matrix for the various plasma Fourier modes. This boundary condition has been implemented in a finite difference solution of a simple problem in two dimensions, which can also be solved directly by Fourier transformation. Results are presented, and it is shown that the proposed boundary condition does enforce outgoing energy flux and yields the same solution as is obtained by Fourier methods.

  3. Blurring Boundaries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neergaard, Ulla; Nielsen, Ruth

    2010-01-01

    of welfare functions into EU law both from an internal market law and a constitutional law perspective. The main problem areas covered by the Blurring Boundaries project were studied in sub-projects on: 1) Internal market law and welfare services; 2) Fundamental rights and non-discrimination law aspects......; and 3) Services of general interest. In the Blurring Boundaries project, three aspects of the European Social Model have been particularly highlighted: the constitutionalisation of the European Social Model, its multi-level legal character, and the clash between market access justice at EU level...... and distributive justice at national level....

  4. Evolution of solar magnetic fields - A new approach to MHD initial-boundary value problems by the method of nearcharacteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakagawa, Y.

    1980-01-01

    A method of analysis for the MHD initial-boundary problem is presented in which the model's formulation is based on the method of nearcharacteristics developed by Werner (1968) and modified by Shin and Kot (1978). With this method, the physical causality relationship can be traced from the perturbation to the response as in the method of characteristics, while achieving the advantage of a considerable reduction in mathematical procedures. The method offers the advantage of examining not only the evolution of nonforce free fields, but also the changes of physical conditions in the atmosphere accompanying the evolution of magnetic fields. The physical validity of the method is demonstrated with examples, and their significance in interpreting observations is discussed.

  5. Existence of positive solutions for nonlocal second-order boundary value problem with variable parameter in Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Peiguo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract By obtaining intervals of the parameter λ, this article investigates the existence of a positive solution for a class of nonlinear boundary value problems of second-order differential equations with integral boundary conditions in abstract spaces. The arguments are based upon a specially constructed cone and the fixed point theory in cone for a strict set contraction operator. MSC: 34B15; 34B16.

  6. Numerical wind wave model with a dynamic boundary layer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. G. Polnikov

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A modern version of a numerical wind wave model of the fourth generation is constructed for a case of deep water. The following specific terms of the model source function are used: (a a new analytic parameterization of the nonlinear evolution term proposed recently in Zakharov and Pushkarev (1999; (b a traditional input term added by the routine for an atmospheric boundary layer fitting to a wind wave state according to Makin and Kudryavtsev (1999; (c a dissipative term of the second power in a wind wave spectrum according to Polnikov (1991. The direct fetch testing results showed an adequate description of the main empirical wave evolution effects. Besides, the model gives a correct description of the boundary layer parameters' evolution, depending on a wind wave stage of development. This permits one to give a physical treatment of the dependence mentioned. These performances of the model allow one to use it both for application and for investigation aims in the task of the joint description of wind and wave fields.

  7. Numerical wind wave model with a dynamic boundary layer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polnikov, V. G.; Volkov, Y. A.; Pogarskii, F. A.

    A modern version of a numerical wind wave model of the fourth generation is constructed for a case of deep water. The following specific terms of the model source function are used: (a) a new analytic parameterization of the nonlinear evolution term proposed recently in Zakharov and Pushkarev (1999); (b) a traditional input term added by the routine for an atmospheric boundary layer fitting to a wind wave state according to Makin and Kudryavtsev (1999); (c) a dissipative term of the second power in a wind wave spectrum according to Polnikov (1991). The direct fetch testing results showed an adequate description of the main empirical wave evolution effects. Besides, the model gives a correct description of the boundary layer parameters' evolution, depending on a wind wave stage of development. This permits one to give a physical treatment of the dependence mentioned. These performances of the model allow one to use it both for application and for investigation aims in the task of the joint description of wind and wave fields.

  8. Assessing data assimilation and model boundary error strategies for high resolution ocean model downscaling in the Northern North Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandvig Mariegaard, Jesper; Huiban, Méven Robin; Tornfeldt Sørensen, Jacob; Andersson, Henrik

    2017-04-01

    Determining the optimal domain size and associated position of open boundaries in local high-resolution downscaling ocean models is often difficult. As an important input data set for downscaling ocean modelling, the European Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) provides baroclinic initial and boundary conditions for local ocean models. Tidal dynamics is often neglected in CMEMS services at large scale but tides are generally crucial for coastal ocean dynamics. To address this need, tides can be superposed via Flather (1976) boundary conditions and the combined flow downscaled using unstructured mesh. The surge component is also only partially represented in selected CMEMS products and must be modelled inside the domain and modelled independently and superposed if the domain becomes too small to model the effect in the downscaling model. The tide and surge components can generally be improved by assimilating water level from tide gauge and altimetry data. An intrinsic part of the problem is to find the limitations of local scale data assimilation and the requirement for consistency between the larger scale ocean models and the local scale assimilation methodologies. This contribution investigates the impact of domain size and associated positions of open boundaries with and without data assimilation of water level. We have used the baroclinic ocean model, MIKE 3 FM, and its newly re-factored built-in data assimilation package. We consider boundary conditions of salinity, temperature, water level and depth varying currents from the Global CMEMS 1/4 degree resolution model from 2011, where in situ ADCP velocity data is available for validation. We apply data assimilation of in-situ tide gauge water levels and along track altimetry surface elevation data from selected satellites. The MIKE 3 FM data assimilation model which use the Ensemble Kalman filter have recently been parallelized with MPI allowing for much larger applications running on HPC

  9. Boundary value problems of finite elasticity local theorems on existence, uniqueness, and analytic dependence on data

    CERN Document Server

    Valent, Tullio

    1988-01-01

    In this book I present, in a systematic form, some local theorems on existence, uniqueness, and analytic dependence on the load, which I have recently obtained for some types of boundary value problems of finite elasticity. Actually, these results concern an n-dimensional (n ~ 1) formal generalization of three-dimensional elasticity. Such a generalization, be­ sides being quite spontaneous, allows us to consider a great many inter­ esting mathematical situations, and sometimes allows us to clarify certain aspects of the three-dimensional case. Part of the matter presented is unpublished; other arguments have been only partially published and in lesser generality. Note that I concentrate on simultaneous local existence and uniqueness; thus, I do not deal with the more general theory of exis­ tence. Moreover, I restrict my discussion to compressible elastic bodies and I do not treat unilateral problems. The clever use of the inverse function theorem in finite elasticity made by STOPPELLI [1954, 1957a, 1957b]...

  10. Fluid analog model for boundary effects in field theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ford, L. H.; Svaiter, N. F.

    2009-01-01

    Quantum fluctuations in the density of a fluid with a linear phonon dispersion relation are studied. In particular, we treat the changes in these fluctuations due to nonclassical states of phonons and to the presence of boundaries. These effects are analogous to similar effects in relativistic quantum field theory, and we argue that the case of the fluid is a useful analog model for effects in field theory. We further argue that the changes in the mean squared density are, in principle, observable by light scattering experiments.

  11. New Modified Adomian Decomposition Recursion Schemes for Solving Certain Types of Nonlinear Fractional Two-Point Boundary Value Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekson Sirisubtawee

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We apply new modified recursion schemes obtained by the Adomian decomposition method (ADM to analytically solve specific types of two-point boundary value problems for nonlinear fractional order ordinary and partial differential equations. The new modified recursion schemes, which sometimes utilize the technique of Duan’s convergence parameter, are derived using the Duan-Rach modified ADM. The Duan-Rach modified ADM employs all of the given boundary conditions to compute the remaining unknown constants of integration, which are then embedded in the integral solution form before constructing recursion schemes for the solution components. New modified recursion schemes obtained by the method are generated in order to analytically solve nonlinear fractional order boundary value problems with a variety of two-point boundary conditions such as Robin and separated boundary conditions. Some numerical examples of such problems are demonstrated graphically. In addition, the maximal errors (MEn or the error remainder functions (ERn(x of each problem are calculated.

  12. Extending the diffusion approximation to the boundary using an integrated diffusion model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Chen; Du, Zhidong; Pan, Liang, E-mail: liangpan@purdue.edu [School of Mechanical Engineering, Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

    2015-06-15

    The widely used diffusion approximation is inaccurate to describe the transport behaviors near surfaces and interfaces. To solve such stochastic processes, an integro-differential equation, such as the Boltzmann transport equation (BTE), is typically required. In this work, we show that it is possible to keep the simplicity of the diffusion approximation by introducing a nonlocal source term and a spatially varying diffusion coefficient. We apply the proposed integrated diffusion model (IDM) to a benchmark problem of heat conduction across a thin film to demonstrate its feasibility. We also validate the model when boundary reflections and uniform internal heat generation are present.

  13. Extending the diffusion approximation to the boundary using an integrated diffusion model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Chen

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The widely used diffusion approximation is inaccurate to describe the transport behaviors near surfaces and interfaces. To solve such stochastic processes, an integro-differential equation, such as the Boltzmann transport equation (BTE, is typically required. In this work, we show that it is possible to keep the simplicity of the diffusion approximation by introducing a nonlocal source term and a spatially varying diffusion coefficient. We apply the proposed integrated diffusion model (IDM to a benchmark problem of heat conduction across a thin film to demonstrate its feasibility. We also validate the model when boundary reflections and uniform internal heat generation are present.

  14. Discrete Approaches to Continuous Boundary Value Problems: Existence and Convergence of Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas R. Anderson

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigate two types of first-order, two-point boundary value problems (BVPs. Firstly, we study BVPs that involve nonlinear difference equations (the “discrete” BVP; and secondly, we study BVPs involving nonlinear ordinary differential equations (the “continuous” BVP. We formulate some sufficient conditions under which the discrete BVP will admit solutions. For this, our choice of methods involves a monotone iterative technique and the method of successive approximations (a.k.a. Picard iterations in the absence of Lipschitz conditions. Our existence results for the discrete BVP are of a constructive nature and are of independent interest in their own right. We then turn our attention to applying our existence results for the discrete BVP to the continuous BVP. We form new existence results for solutions to the continuous BVP with our methods involving linear interpolation of the data from the discrete BVP, combined with a priori bounds and the convergence Arzela-Ascoli theorem. Thus, our use of discrete BVPs to yield results for the continuous BVP may be considered as a discrete approach to continuous BVPs.

  15. Communication Reducing Algorithms for Distributed Hierarchical N-Body Problems with Boundary Distributions

    KAUST Repository

    AbdulJabbar, Mustafa Abdulmajeed

    2017-05-11

    Reduction of communication and efficient partitioning are key issues for achieving scalability in hierarchical N-Body algorithms like Fast Multipole Method (FMM). In the present work, we propose three independent strategies to improve partitioning and reduce communication. First, we show that the conventional wisdom of using space-filling curve partitioning may not work well for boundary integral problems, which constitute a significant portion of FMM’s application user base. We propose an alternative method that modifies orthogonal recursive bisection to relieve the cell-partition misalignment that has kept it from scaling previously. Secondly, we optimize the granularity of communication to find the optimal balance between a bulk-synchronous collective communication of the local essential tree and an RDMA per task per cell. Finally, we take the dynamic sparse data exchange proposed by Hoefler et al. [1] and extend it to a hierarchical sparse data exchange, which is demonstrated at scale to be faster than the MPI library’s MPI_Alltoallv that is commonly used.

  16. Brane world model and hierarchy problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alba, V.

    2007-01-01

    In this paper I wrote description of Kaluza-Klein model. Also I wrote how we can solve the hierarchy problem in Randall-Sundrum model. In fact, it's my motivation to study this part of theoretical physics

  17. An efficient realization of frequency dependent boundary conditions in an acoustic finite-difference time-domain model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Escolano-Carrasco, José; Jacobsen, Finn; López, J.J.

    2008-01-01

    to this problem exist, most of them have high computational costs, and stability cannot always be ensured. In this work, a solution is proposed based on "mixing modelling strategies"; this involves separating the FDTD mesh and the boundary conditions (a digital filter representation of the impedance...

  18. Successive approximation method for some linear boundary value problems for differential equations with a special type of argument deviation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rontó, András; Rontó, M.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 10, č. 1 (2009), s. 69-95 ISSN 1787-2405 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA201/06/0254 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : functional-differential equation * special deviations of argument * linear boundary value problem Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

  19. Triple solutions for a Dirichlet boundary value problem involving a perturbed discrete p(k-Laplacian operator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaleghi Moghadam Mohsen

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Triple solutions are obtained for a discrete problem involving a nonlinearly perturbed one-dimensional p(k-Laplacian operator and satisfying Dirichlet boundary conditions. The methods for existence rely on a Ricceri-local minimum theorem for differentiable functionals. Several examples are included to illustrate the main results.

  20. Existence and Uniqueness of Positive Solution for a Singular Nonlinear Second-Order -Point Boundary Value Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lv Xuezhe

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The existence and uniqueness of positive solution is obtained for the singular second-order -point boundary value problem for , , , where , , are constants, and can have singularities for and/or and for . The main tool is the perturbation technique and Schauder fixed point theorem.

  1. Existence and nonexistence results for a singular boundary value problem arising in the theory of epitaxial growth

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Escudero, C.; Hakl, Robert; Peral, I.; Torres, P.J.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 37, č. 6 (2014), s. 793-807 ISSN 0170-4214 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : singular boundary value problem * epitaxial growth * radial solution Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.918, year: 2014 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/mma.2836/full

  2. Global solutions to the initial-boundary value problem for the quasilinear viscoelastic equation with a derivative nonlinearity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitsuhiro Nakao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We prove the existence and uniqueness of a global decaying solution to the initial boundary value problem for the quasilinear wave equation with Kelvin-Voigt dissipation and a derivative nonlinearity. To derive the required estimates of the solutions we employ a 'loan' method and use a difference inequality on the energy.

  3. Existence of positive pseudo-symmetric solutions for one-dimensional p-Laplacian boundary-value problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yitao Yang

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available We prove the existence of positive pseudo-symmetric solutions for four-point boundary-value problems with p-Laplacian. Also we present an monotone iterative scheme for approximating the solution. The interesting point here is that the nonlinear term f involves the first-order derivative.

  4. The Initial and Neumann Boundary Value Problem for a Class Parabolic Monge-Ampère Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We consider the existence, uniqueness, and asymptotic behavior of a classical solution to the initial and Neumann boundary value problem for a class nonlinear parabolic equation of Monge-Ampère type. We show that such solution exists for all times and is unique. It converges eventually to a solution that satisfies a Neumann type problem for nonlinear elliptic equation of Monge-Ampère type.

  5. The Optimal Homotopy Asymptotic Method for the Solution of Higher-Order Boundary Value Problems in Finite Domains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javed Ali

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We solve some higher-order boundary value problems by the optimal homotopy asymptotic method (OHAM. The proposed method is capable to handle a wide variety of linear and nonlinear problems effectively. The numerical results given by OHAM are compared with the exact solutions and the solutions obtained by Adomian decomposition (ADM, variational iteration (VIM, homotopy perturbation (HPM, and variational iteration decomposition method (VIDM. The results show that the proposed method is more effective and reliable.

  6. Boundary effects on car accidents in a cellular automaton model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang Xianqing; Ma Yuqiang; Zhao Yuemin

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we numerically study the probability P ac of occurrence of car accidents in the Nagel-Schreckenberg (NS) model with open boundary condition. In the deterministic NS model, numerical results show that there exists a critical value of extinction rate β above which no car accidents occur, and below which the probability P ac is independent of the speed limit v max and the injection rate α, but only determined by the extinction rate β. In the non-deterministic NS model, the probability P ac is a non-monotonic function of β in the region of low β value, while it is independent of β in the region of high β value. The stochastic braking not only reduces the occurrence of car accidents, but splits degenerate effects of v max on the probability P ac . Theoretical analyses give an agreement with numerical results in the deterministic NS model and in the non-deterministic NS model with v max = 1 in the case of low β value region. Qualitative differences between open and periodic systems in the relations of P ac to the bulk density ρ imply that various correlations may exist between the two systems

  7. Multi-scale model analysis of boundary layer ozone over East Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Lin

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available This study employs the regional Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ model to examine seasonal and diurnal variations of boundary layer ozone (O3 over East Asia. We evaluate the response of model simulations of boundary layer O3 to the choice of chemical mechanisms, meteorological fields, boundary conditions, and model resolutions. Data obtained from surface stations, aircraft measurements, and satellites are used to advance understanding of O3 chemistry and mechanisms over East Asia and evaluate how well the model represents the observed features. Satellite measurements and model simulations of summertime rainfall are used to assess the impact of the Asian monsoon on O3 production. Our results suggest that summertime O3 over Central Eastern China is highly sensitive to cloud cover and monsoonal rainfall over this region. Thus, accurate simulation of the East Asia summer monsoon is critical to model analysis of atmospheric chemistry over China. Examination of hourly summertime O3 mixing ratios from sites in Japan confirms the important role of diurnal boundary layer fluctuations in controlling ground-level O3. By comparing five different model configurations with observations at six sites, the specific mechanisms responsible for model behavior are identified and discussed. In particular, vertical mixing, urban chemistry, and dry deposition depending on boundary layer height strongly affect model ability to capture observed behavior. Central Eastern China appears to be the most sensitive region in our study to the choice of chemical mechanisms. Evaluation with TRACE-P aircraft measurements reveals that neither the CB4 nor the SAPRC99 mechanisms consistently capture observed behavior of key photochemical oxidants in springtime. However, our analysis finds that SAPRC99 performs somewhat better in simulating mixing ratios of H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide

  8. Modifications of the κ-ε model in GOTHIC near physical boundaries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analytis, G.Th.; Andreani, M.

    2000-01-01

    In CFD-type codes like the containment analysis code GOTHIC, one of the options that can be used for modelling of turbulence is the k - ε model. Though, in contrast to other CFD codes which are tailored for performing detailed CFD calculations with a large number of spatial meshes, in codes like GOTHIC which are primarily aiming at calculating transients in reactor containments, one generally uses coarse meshes. The solution of the two parabolic k - ε model equations requires the definition of boundary conditions at physical boundaries and this, in rum, requires very small spatial meshes near these boundaries. Hence, while in codes like CFX this is properly done, in codes like GOTHIC, this is done in an indirect and non-rigorous fashion, exactly due to the fact that the spatial meshes are usually large; this can have catastrophic consequences during the calculation of a transient and in this work, we shall give some examples of this and outline a method by which this problem can be by-passed. (author)

  9. A free boundary problem for a reaction-diffusion system with nonlinear memory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lin, Zhigui; Ling, Zhi; Pedersen, Michael

    2013-01-01

    We consider a integro-partial differential equation with a free boundary which appears in the theory of the nuclear dynamics. First, local existence and uniqueness are obtained by using the contraction mapping theorem. Then, the behavior of the free boundary and the blow-up criteria are obtained...

  10. Initial boundary-value problem for the spherically symmetric Einstein equations with fluids with tangential pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito, Irene; Mena, Filipe C

    2017-08-01

    We prove that, for a given spherically symmetric fluid distribution with tangential pressure on an initial space-like hypersurface with a time-like boundary, there exists a unique, local in time solution to the Einstein equations in a neighbourhood of the boundary. As an application, we consider a particular elastic fluid interior matched to a vacuum exterior.

  11. Nested Bethe Ansatz for Spin Ladder Model with Open Boundary Conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wu Junfang; Zhang Chunmin; Yue Ruihong; Li Runling

    2005-01-01

    The nested Bethe ansatz (BA) method is applied to find the eigenvalues and the eigenvectors of the transfer matrix for spin-ladder model with open boundary conditions. Based on the reflection equation, we find the general diagonal solution, which determines the general boundary interaction in the Hamiltonian. We introduce the spin-ladder model with open boundary conditions. By finding the solution K ± of the reflection equation which determines the nontrivial boundary terms in the Hamiltonian, we diagonalize the transfer matrix of the spin-ladder model with open boundary conditions in the framework of nested BA.

  12. General problems of modeling for accelerators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luccio, A.

    1991-01-01

    In this presentation the author only discusses problems of modeling for circular accelerators and bases the examples on the AGS Booster Synchrotron presently being commissioned at BNL. A model is a platonic representation of an accelerator. With algorithms, implemented through computer codes, the model is brought to life. At the start of a new accelerator project, the model and the real machine are taking shape somewhat apart. They get closer and closer as the project goes on. Ideally, the modeler is only satisfied when the model or the machine cannot be distinguished. Accelerator modeling for real time control has specific problems. If one wants fast responses, algorithms may be implemented in hardware or by parallel computation, perhaps by neural networks. Algorithms and modeling is not only for accelerator control. It is also for: accelerator parameter measurement; hardware problem debugging, perhaps with some help of artificial intelligence; operator training, much like a flight simulator

  13. Positive solutions of boundary value problem for singular positone and semi-positone third-order difference equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gai Gongqi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This article studies the boundary value problems for the third-order nonlinear singular difference equations Δ 3 u ( i - 2 + λ a ( i f ( i , u ( i = 0 , i ∈ [ 2 , T + 2 ] , satisfying five kinds of different boundary value conditions. This article shows the existence of positive solutions for positone and semi-positone type. The nonlinear term may be singular. Two examples are also given to illustrate the main results. The arguments are based upon fixed point theorems in a cone. MSC [2008]: 34B15; 39A10.

  14. Boundary element computations in the forward and inverse problems of electrocardiography: comparison of collocation and Galerkin weightings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenroos, Matti; Haueisen, Jens

    2008-09-01

    In electrocardiographic imaging, epicardial potentials are reconstructed computationally from electrocardiographic measurements. The reconstruction is typically done with the help of the boundary element method (BEM), using the point collocation weighting and constant or linear basis functions. In this paper, we evaluated the performance of constant and linear point collocation and Galerkin BEMs in the epicardial potential problem. The integral equations and discretizations were formulated in terms of the single- and double-layer operators. All inner element integrals were calculated analytically. The computational methods were validated against analytical solutions in a simplified geometry. On the basis of the validation, no method was optimal in all testing scenarios. In the forward computation of the epicardial potential, the linear Galerkin (LG) method produced the smallest errors. The LG method also produced the smallest discretization error on the epicardial surface. In the inverse computation of epicardial potential, the electrode-specific transfer matrix performed better than the full transfer matrix. The Tikhonov 2 regularization outperformed the Tikhonov 0. In the optimal modeling conditions, the best BEM technique depended on electrode positions and chosen error measure. When large modeling errors such as omission of the lungs were present, the choice of the basis and weighting functions was not significant.

  15. On the Global Structure of the Set of Positive Solutions of Some Semilinear Elliptic Boundary Value Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraile, J. M.; Lopezgomez, J.; Delis, J. C.

    1995-11-01

    In this work we analyze the structure of the set of positive solutions of a class of semilinear boundary value problems. It is shown that the global continuum of positive solutions emanating from the trivial equilibrium at the principal eigenvalue of the linearization is constituted by a regular curve if the slope of the kinetic at the trivial solution is large enough and Ω is convex. The same result holds if the support region of the species is a bounded simply connected domain of R2 close to a convex domain, in a sense to be precised later. To prove these results we have to find out the exact width of the boundary layer of a singular perturbation problem. The results about the singular perturbation problem are new and of great interest by themselves.

  16. Influence of the course boundary value problem on length scale parmeters for second-gradient continuum theories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luscher, Darby J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bronkhorst, Curt A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mc Dowell, David L [GEORGIA TECH

    2010-12-20

    All nonlocal continuum descriptions of inelastic material response involve length scale parameters that either directly or implicitly quantify the physical dimensions of a neighborhood of response which influences the behavior at a particular point. The second-gradient continuum theories such as those developed by Germain, Toupin and Mindlin, and Eringen, and giving rise to strain-gradient plasticity, is becoming a common coarse-scale basis for homogenization of material response that respects the non local nature of heterogeneous material response. Ideally, the length scale parameters involved in such homogenization would be intrinsically associated with dominant aspects of the microstructure. However, these parameters, at least in some cases, are inextricably linked to the details of the coarse scale boundary value problem. Accordingly, they cannot be viewed as pure constitutive parameters. An example problem of multiscale homogenization is presented to underscore the dependence of second-gradient length scale parameters on the coarse scale boundary value problem, namely the multiscale response of an idealized porous microstructure. The fine scale (microstructure) comprises elastic perfectly plastic matrix with a periodic array of circular voids. This fine scale description of the problem is identical for two separate classes of coarse scale boundary value problem, viz. an extruded channel subject to compression and eventually developing plastic shear bands and a thin layer of material with larger (coarse scale) elliptical voids subject to shear deformation. Implications of the relationship between length scale parameters and the details of the coarse scale boundary value problem are discussed and ideas to ascertain such length parameters from evolving response fields are presented.

  17. Application of Two-Parameter Extrapolation for Solution of Boundary-Value Problem on Semi-Axis

    CERN Document Server

    Zhidkov, E P

    2000-01-01

    A method for refining approximate eigenvalues and eigenfunctions for a boundary-value problem on a half-axis is suggested. To solve the problem numerically, one has to solve a problem on a finite segment [0,R] instead of the original problem on the interval [0,\\infty). This replacement leads to eigenvalues' and eigenfunctions' errors. To choose R beforehand for obtaining their required accuracy is often impossible. Thus, one has to resolve the problem on [0,R] with larger R. If there are two eigenvalues or two eigenfunctions that correspond to different segments, the suggested method allows one to improve the accuracy of the eigenvalue and the eigenfunction for the original problem by means of extrapolation along the segment. This approach is similar to Richardson's method. Moreover, a two-parameter extrapolation is described. It is combination of the extrapolation along the segment and Richardson's extrapolation along a discretization step.

  18. On periodic boundary value problems of first-order perturbed impulsive differential inclusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bapurao C. Dhage

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present an existence result for a first order impulsive differential inclusion with periodic boundary conditions and impulses at the fixed times under the convex condition of multi-functions.

  19. Antiperiodic Boundary Value Problems for Second-Order Impulsive Ordinary Differential Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available We consider a second-order ordinary differential equation with antiperiodic boundary conditions and impulses. By using Schaefer's fixed-point theorem, some existence results are obtained.

  20. Empirical Reduced-Order Modeling for Boundary Feedback Flow Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seddik M. Djouadi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the practical and theoretical implications of model reduction for aerodynamic flow-based control problems. Various aspects of model reduction are discussed that apply to partial differential equation- (PDE- based models in general. Specifically, the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD of a high dimension system as well as frequency domain identification methods are discussed for initial model construction. Projections on the POD basis give a nonlinear Galerkin model. Then, a model reduction method based on empirical balanced truncation is developed and applied to the Galerkin model. The rationale for doing so is that linear subspace approximations to exact submanifolds associated with nonlinear controllability and observability require only standard matrix manipulations utilizing simulation/experimental data. The proposed method uses a chirp signal as input to produce the output in the eigensystem realization algorithm (ERA. This method estimates the system's Markov parameters that accurately reproduce the output. Balanced truncation is used to show that model reduction is still effective on ERA produced approximated systems. The method is applied to a prototype convective flow on obstacle geometry. An H∞ feedback flow controller is designed based on the reduced model to achieve tracking and then applied to the full-order model with excellent performance.

  1. Stochastic reduced order models for inverse problems under uncertainty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warner, James E; Aquino, Wilkins; Grigoriu, Mircea D

    2015-03-01

    This work presents a novel methodology for solving inverse problems under uncertainty using stochastic reduced order models (SROMs). Given statistical information about an observed state variable in a system, unknown parameters are estimated probabilistically through the solution of a model-constrained, stochastic optimization problem. The point of departure and crux of the proposed framework is the representation of a random quantity using a SROM - a low dimensional, discrete approximation to a continuous random element that permits e cient and non-intrusive stochastic computations. Characterizing the uncertainties with SROMs transforms the stochastic optimization problem into a deterministic one. The non-intrusive nature of SROMs facilitates e cient gradient computations for random vector unknowns and relies entirely on calls to existing deterministic solvers. Furthermore, the method is naturally extended to handle multiple sources of uncertainty in cases where state variable data, system parameters, and boundary conditions are all considered random. The new and widely-applicable SROM framework is formulated for a general stochastic optimization problem in terms of an abstract objective function and constraining model. For demonstration purposes, however, we study its performance in the specific case of inverse identification of random material parameters in elastodynamics. We demonstrate the ability to efficiently recover random shear moduli given material displacement statistics as input data. We also show that the approach remains effective for the case where the loading in the problem is random as well.

  2. Bezier Curve Modeling for Neutrosophic Data Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat Tas

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Neutrosophic set concept is defined with membership, non-membership and indeterminacy degrees. This concept is the solution and representation of the problems with various fields. In this paper, a geometric model is introduced for Neutrosophic data problem for the first time. This model is based on neutrosophic sets and neutrosophic relations. Neutrosophic control points are defined according to these points, resulting in neutrosophic Bezier curves.

  3. The Aalborg Model and The Problem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, Palle

    To know the definition of a problem in is an important implication for the possibility to identify and formulate the problem1, the starting point of the learning process in the Aalborg Model2 3. For certification it has been suggested that: A problem grows out of students’ wondering within...... different disciplines and professional environments4. This article goes through the definitions of a problem formulated by researchers at Aalborg University during the lifetime of the university5 and raises the question to each of them: Leads the definition to creation of a feeling or experience...

  4. Frequency and Time Domain Modeling of Acoustic Liner Boundary Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bliss, Donald B.

    1982-01-01

    As part of a research program directed at the acoustics of advanced subsonic propulsion systems undertaken at NASA Langley, Duke University was funded to develop a boundary condition model for bulk-reacting nacelle liners. The overall objective of the Langley program was to understand and predict noise from advanced subsonic transport engines and to develop related noise control technology. The overall technical areas included: fan and propeller source noise, acoustics of ducts and duct liners, interior noise, subjective acoustics, and systems noise prediction. The Duke effort was directed toward duct liner acoustics for the development of analytical methods to characterize liner behavior in both frequency domain and time domain. A review of duct acoustics and liner technology can be found in Reference [1]. At that time, NASA Langley was investigating the propulsion concept of an advanced ducted fan, with a large diameter housed inside a relatively short duct. Fan diameters in excess of ten feet were proposed. The lengths of both the inlet and exhaust portions of the duct were to be short, probably less than half the fan diameter. The nacelle itself would be relatively thin-walled for reasons of aerodynamic efficiency. The blade-passage frequency was expected to be less than I kHz, and very likely in the 200 to 300 Hz range. Because of the design constraints of a short duct, a thin nacelle, and long acoustic wavelengths, the application of effective liner technology would be especially challenging. One of the needs of the NASA Langley program was the capability to accurately and efficiently predict the behavior of the acoustic liner. The traditional point impedance method was not an adequate model for proposed liner designs. The method was too restrictive to represent bulk reacting liners and to allow for the characterization of many possible innovative liner concepts. In the research effort at Duke, an alternative method, initially developed to handle bulk

  5. Symmetry analysis and exact solutions of one class of (1+3)-dimensional boundary-value problems of the Stefan type

    OpenAIRE

    Kovalenko, S. S.

    2014-01-01

    We present the group classification of one class of (1+3)-dimensional nonlinear boundary-value problems of the Stefan type that simulate the processes of melting and evaporation of metals. The results obtained are used for the construction of the exact solution of one boundary-value problem from the class under study.

  6. Random walks in the quarter plane algebraic methods, boundary value problems, applications to queueing systems and analytic combinatorics

    CERN Document Server

    Fayolle, Guy; Malyshev, Vadim

    2017-01-01

    This monograph aims to promote original mathematical methods to determine the invariant measure of two-dimensional random walks in domains with boundaries. Such processes arise in numerous applications and are of interest in several areas of mathematical research, such as Stochastic Networks, Analytic Combinatorics, and Quantum Physics. This second edition consists of two parts. Part I is a revised upgrade of the first edition (1999), with additional recent results on the group of a random walk. The theoretical approach given therein has been developed by the authors since the early 1970s. By using Complex Function Theory, Boundary Value Problems, Riemann Surfaces, and Galois Theory, completely new methods are proposed for solving functional equations of two complex variables, which can also be applied to characterize the Transient Behavior of the walks, as well as to find explicit solutions to the one-dimensional Quantum Three-Body Problem, or to tackle a new class of Integrable Systems. Part II borrows spec...

  7. High-response piezoelectricity modeled quantitatively near a phase boundary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newns, Dennis M.; Kuroda, Marcelo A.; Cipcigan, Flaviu S.; Crain, Jason; Martyna, Glenn J.

    2017-01-01

    Interconversion of mechanical and electrical energy via the piezoelectric effect is fundamental to a wide range of technologies. The discovery in the 1990s of giant piezoelectric responses in certain materials has therefore opened new application spaces, but the origin of these properties remains a challenge to our understanding. A key role is played by the presence of a structural instability in these materials at compositions near the "morphotropic phase boundary" (MPB) where the crystal structure changes abruptly and the electromechanical responses are maximal. Here we formulate a simple, unified theoretical description which accounts for extreme piezoelectric response, its observation at compositions near the MPB, accompanied by ultrahigh dielectric constant and mechanical compliances with rather large anisotropies. The resulting model, based upon a Landau free energy expression, is capable of treating the important domain engineered materials and is found to be predictive while maintaining simplicity. It therefore offers a general and powerful means of accounting for the full set of signature characteristics in these functional materials including volume conserving sum rules and strong substrate clamping effects.

  8. Modeling of grain boundary stresses in Alloy 600

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kozaczek, K.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Sinharoy, A.; Ruud, C.O. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); Mcllree, A.R. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

    1995-04-01

    Corrosive environments combined with high stress levels and susceptible microstructures can cause intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) of Alloy 600 components on both primary and secondary sides of pressurized water reactors. One factor affecting the IGSCC is intergranular carbide precipitation controlled by heat treatment of Alloy 600. This study is concerned with analysis of elastic stress fields in vicinity of M{sub 7}C{sub 3} and M{sub 23}C{sub 6} carbides precipitated in the matrix and at a grain boundary triple point. The local stress concentration which can lead to IGSCC initiation was studied using a two-dimensional finite element model. The intergranular precipitates are more effective stress raisers than the intragranular precipitates. The combination of the elastic property mismatch and the precipitate shape can result in a local stress field substantially different than the macroscopic stress. The maximum local stresses in the vicinity of the intergranular precipitate were almost twice as high as the applied stress.

  9. Benthic boundary layer. IOS observational and modelling programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saunders, P.M.; Richards, K.J.

    1985-01-01

    Near bottom currents, measured at three sites in the N.E. Atlantic, reveal the eddying characteristics of the flow. Eddies develop, migrate and decay in ways best revealed by numerical modelling simulations. Eddies control the thickness of the bottom mixed layer by accumulating and thickening or spreading and thinning the bottom waters. At the boundaries of eddies benthic fronts form providing a path for upward displacement of the bottom water. An experiment designed to estimate vertical diffusivity is performed. The flux of heat into the bottom of the Iberian basin through Discovery Gap is deduced from year long current measurements. The flux is supposed balanced by geothermal heating through the sea floor and diapycnal diffusion in the water. A diffusivity of 1.5 to 4 cm 2 s -1 is derived for the bottom few hundred meters of the deep ocean. Experiments to estimate horizontal diffusivity are described. If a tracer is discharged from the sea bed the volume of sea water in which it is found increases with time and after 20 years will fill an ocean basin of side 1000 km to a depth of only 1 to 2 km. (author)

  10. E-coil: an inverse boundary element method for a quasi-static problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez, Clemente Cobos; Garcia, Salvador Gonzalez [Depto. Electromagnetismo y F. de la Materia Facultad de Ciencias University of Granada Avda. Fuentenueva E-18071 (Spain); Power, Henry, E-mail: ccobos@ugr.e [School of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD (United Kingdom)

    2010-06-07

    Boundary element methods represent a valuable approach for designing gradient coils; these methods are based on meshing the current carrying surface into an array of boundary elements. The temporally varying magnetic fields produced by gradient coils induce electric currents in conducting tissues and so the exposure of human subjects to these magnetic fields has become a safety concern, especially with the increase in the strength of the field gradients used in magnetic resonance imaging. Here we present a boundary element method for the design of coils that minimize the electric field induced in prescribed conducting systems. This work also details some numerical examples of the application of this coil design method. The reduction of the electric field induced in a prescribed region inside the coils is also evaluated.

  11. A New Algorithm Based on the Homotopy Perturbation Method For a Class of Singularly Perturbed Boundary Value Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A New Algorithm Based on the Homotopy Perturbation Method For a Class of Singularly Perturbed Boundary Value Problems

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available . In this paper, a new algorithm is presented to approximate the solution of a singularly perturbed boundary value problem with leftlayer based on the homotopy perturbation technique and applying the Laplace transformation. The convergence theorem and the error bound of the proposed method are proved. The method is examined by solving two examples. The results demonstrate the reliability and efficiency of the proposed method.

  12. On the correspondence between boundary and bulk lattice models and (logarithmic) conformal field theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belletête, J.; Gainutdinov, A. M.; Jacobsen, J. L.; Saleur, H.; Vasseur, R.

    2017-12-01

    The relationship between bulk and boundary properties is one of the founding features of (rational) conformal field theory (CFT). Our goal in this paper is to explore the possibility of having an equivalent relationship in the context of lattice models. We focus on models based on the Temperley-Lieb algebra, and use the concept of ‘braid translation’, which is a natural way, in physical terms, to ‘close’ an open spin chain by adding an interaction between the first and last spins using braiding to ‘bring’ them next to each other. The interaction thus obtained is in general non-local, but has the key feature that it is expressed solely in terms of the algebra for the open spin chain—the ‘ordinary’ Temperley-Lieb algebra and its blob algebra generalization. This is in contrast with the usual periodic spin chains which involve only local interactions, and are described by the periodic Temperley-Lieb algebra. We show that for the restricted solid-on-solid models, which are known to be described by minimal unitary CFTs (with central charge ccontent in terms of the irreducibles is the same, as well as the spectrum, but the detailed structure (like logarithmic coupling) is profoundly different. This carries over to the continuum limit. The situation is similar for the sl(2\\vert 1) case. The problem of relating bulk and boundary lattice models for LCFTs thus remains open.

  13. OPERATOR-RELATED FORMULATION OF THE EIGENVALUE PROBLEM FOR THE BOUNDARY PROBLEM OF ANALYSIS OF THE WALL BEAM WITH PIECEWISE-CONSTANT PHYSICAL AND GEOMETRICAL PARAMETERS ALONGSIDE THE BASIC DIRECTION WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE DISCRETE-CONTINUAL APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akimov Pavel Alekseevich

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper covers the operator-related formulation of the eigenvalue problem of analysis of the wall beam with piecewise-constant physical and geometrical parameters alongside the so-called basic direction within the framework of the discrete-continual approach (discrete-continual finite element method, discrete-continual variation-difference method. Generally, discrete-continual formulations are contemporary mathematical models which are currently becoming available for computer-based implementation. They allow investigators to consider the boundary effects whenever solution components represent rapidly varying functions. Another feature of discrete-continual methods is the absence of limitations imposed on lengths of structures. Two-dimensional model of elasticity is used as a design model of a structure. In accordance with the so-called extended domain method, the domain is limited by the boundary of arbitrary shape. Corresponding key features at the stage of numerical implementation of discrete-continual methods include convenient mathematical formulas, effective computational patterns and algorithms, simple data processing techniques, etc. The definition of an expression for an operator of the problem under consideration, if resolved in the isotropic medium, is presented; the allowance for supports restrained by elastic members is provided; standard boundary conditions are taken into account

  14. Modeling visual problem solving as analogical reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovett, Andrew; Forbus, Kenneth

    2017-01-01

    We present a computational model of visual problem solving, designed to solve problems from the Raven's Progressive Matrices intelligence test. The model builds on the claim that analogical reasoning lies at the heart of visual problem solving, and intelligence more broadly. Images are compared via structure mapping, aligning the common relational structure in 2 images to identify commonalities and differences. These commonalities or differences can themselves be reified and used as the input for future comparisons. When images fail to align, the model dynamically rerepresents them to facilitate the comparison. In our analysis, we find that the model matches adult human performance on the Standard Progressive Matrices test, and that problems which are difficult for the model are also difficult for people. Furthermore, we show that model operations involving abstraction and rerepresentation are particularly difficult for people, suggesting that these operations may be critical for performing visual problem solving, and reasoning more generally, at the highest level. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  15. Problem Solving Model for Science Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberida, H.; Lufri; Festiyed; Barlian, E.

    2018-04-01

    This research aims to develop problem solving model for science learning in junior high school. The learning model was developed using the ADDIE model. An analysis phase includes curriculum analysis, analysis of students of SMP Kota Padang, analysis of SMP science teachers, learning analysis, as well as the literature review. The design phase includes product planning a science-learning problem-solving model, which consists of syntax, reaction principle, social system, support system, instructional impact and support. Implementation of problem-solving model in science learning to improve students' science process skills. The development stage consists of three steps: a) designing a prototype, b) performing a formative evaluation and c) a prototype revision. Implementation stage is done through a limited trial. A limited trial was conducted on 24 and 26 August 2015 in Class VII 2 SMPN 12 Padang. The evaluation phase was conducted in the form of experiments at SMPN 1 Padang, SMPN 12 Padang and SMP National Padang. Based on the development research done, the syntax model problem solving for science learning at junior high school consists of the introduction, observation, initial problems, data collection, data organization, data analysis/generalization, and communicating.

  16. Variational approach to the Milne problem with a specular and diffuse reflecting boundary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abdel Krim, M.S.; Degheidy, A.R.

    1998-01-01

    An approximate solution of the Milne integral equation for specular and diffuse reflecting boundary is deduced by using variational calculus. An approximate, (four variable parameters) expression, for the particle density and emergent angular distribution has been proposed. Numerical results for extrapolated endpoint, particle density and angular distribution in a region close to the boundary are calculated. The percentage difference for extrapolated endpoint, taking the exact values as a reference, is approximately 1.4x10 -10 for a non-reflecting medium and does not exceed 0.01% for all degrees of blackness in the diffusion reflection. The results for a combination of specular and diffuse reflections are also given

  17. A Multigrid Algorithm for an Elliptic Problem with a Perturbed Boundary Condition

    KAUST Repository

    Bonito, Andrea

    2013-01-01

    We discuss the preconditioning of systems coupling elliptic operators in Ω⊂Rd, d=2,3, with elliptic operators defined on hypersurfaces. These systems arise naturally when physical phenomena are affected by geometric boundary forces, such as the evolution of liquid drops subject to surface tension. The resulting operators are sums of interior and boundary terms weighted by parameters. We investigate the behavior of multigrid algorithms suited to this context and demonstrate numerical results which suggest uniform preconditioning bounds that are level and parameter independent.

  18. Single-Column Model Simulations of Subtropical Marine Boundary-Layer Cloud Transitions Under Weakening Inversions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neggers, R. A. J.; Ackerman, A. S.; Angevine, W. M.; Bazile, E.; Beau, I.; Blossey, P. N.; Boutle, I. A.; de Bruijn, C.; Cheng, A.; van der Dussen, J.; Fletcher, J.; Dal Gesso, S.; Jam, A.; Kawai, H.; Cheedela, S. K.; Larson, V. E.; Lefebvre, M.-P.; Lock, A. P.; Meyer, N. R.; de Roode, S. R.; de Rooy, W.; Sandu, I.; Xiao, H.; Xu, K.-M.

    2017-10-01

    Results are presented of the GASS/EUCLIPSE single-column model intercomparison study on the subtropical marine low-level cloud transition. A central goal is to establish the performance of state-of-the-art boundary-layer schemes for weather and climate models for this cloud regime, using large-eddy simulations of the same scenes as a reference. A novelty is that the comparison covers four different cases instead of one, in order to broaden the covered parameter space. Three cases are situated in the North-Eastern Pacific, while one reflects conditions in the North-Eastern Atlantic. A set of variables is considered that reflects key aspects of the transition process, making use of simple metrics to establish the model performance. Using this method, some longstanding problems in low-level cloud representation are identified. Considerable spread exists among models concerning the cloud amount, its vertical structure, and the associated impact on radiative transfer. The sign and amplitude of these biases differ somewhat per case, depending on how far the transition has progressed. After cloud breakup the ensemble median exhibits the well-known "too few too bright" problem. The boundary-layer deepening rate and its state of decoupling are both underestimated, while the representation of the thin capping cloud layer appears complicated by a lack of vertical resolution. Encouragingly, some models are successful in representing the full set of variables, in particular, the vertical structure and diurnal cycle of the cloud layer in transition. An intriguing result is that the median of the model ensemble performs best, inspiring a new approach in subgrid parameterization.

  19. Problems In Indoor Mapping and Modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zlatanova, S.; Sithole, G.; Nakagawa, M.; Zhu, Q.

    2013-11-01

    Research in support of indoor mapping and modelling (IMM) has been active for over thirty years. This research has come in the form of As-Built surveys, Data structuring, Visualisation techniques, Navigation models and so forth. Much of this research is founded on advancements in photogrammetry, computer vision and image analysis, computer graphics, robotics, laser scanning and many others. While IMM used to be the privy of engineers, planners, consultants, contractors, and designers, this is no longer the case as commercial enterprises and individuals are also beginning to apply indoor models in their business process and applications. There are three main reasons for this. Firstly, the last two decades have seen greater use of spatial information by enterprises and the public. Secondly, IMM has been complimented by advancements in mobile computing and internet communications, making it easier than ever to access and interact with spatial information. Thirdly, indoor modelling has been advanced geometrically and semantically, opening doors for developing user-oriented, context-aware applications. This reshaping of the public's attitude and expectations with regards to spatial information has realised new applications and spurred demand for indoor models and the tools to use them. This paper examines the present state of IMM and considers the research areas that deserve attention in the future. In particular the paper considers problems in IMM that are relevant to commercial enterprises and the general public, groups this paper expects will emerge as the greatest users IMM. The subject of indoor modelling and mapping is discussed here in terms of Acquisitions and Sensors, Data Structures and Modelling, Visualisation, Applications, Legal Issues and Standards. Problems are discussed in terms of those that exist and those that are emerging. Existing problems are those that are currently being researched. Emerging problems are those problems or demands that are

  20. Application of the dual reciprocity boundary element method for numerical modelling of solidification process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Majchrzak

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The dual reciprocity boundary element method is applied for numerical modelling of solidification process. This variant of the BEM is connected with the transformation of the domain integral to the boundary integrals. In the paper the details of the dual reciprocity boundary element method are presented and the usefulness of this approach to solidification process modelling is demonstrated. In the final part of the paper the examples of computations are shown.

  1. Boundary layer models for calving marine outlet glaciers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Schoof

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available We consider the flow of marine-terminating outlet glaciers that are laterally confined in a channel of prescribed width. In that case, the drag exerted by the channel side walls on a floating ice shelf can reduce extensional stress at the grounding line. If ice flux through the grounding line increases with both ice thickness and extensional stress, then a longer shelf can reduce ice flux by decreasing extensional stress. Consequently, calving has an effect on flux through the grounding line by regulating the length of the shelf. In the absence of a shelf, it plays a similar role by controlling the above-flotation height of the calving cliff. Using two calving laws, one due to Nick et al. (2010 based on a model for crevasse propagation due to hydrofracture and the other simply asserting that calving occurs where the glacier ice becomes afloat, we pose and analyse a flowline model for a marine-terminating glacier by two methods: direct numerical solution and matched asymptotic expansions. The latter leads to a boundary layer formulation that predicts flux through the grounding line as a function of depth to bedrock, channel width, basal drag coefficient, and a calving parameter. By contrast with unbuttressed marine ice sheets, we find that flux can decrease with increasing depth to bedrock at the grounding line, reversing the usual stability criterion for steady grounding line location. Stable steady states can then have grounding lines located on retrograde slopes. We show how this anomalous behaviour relates to the strength of lateral versus basal drag on the grounded portion of the glacier and to the specifics of the calving law used.

  2. Selecting model complexity in learning problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buescher, K.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Kumar, P.R. [Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (United States). Coordinated Science Lab.

    1993-10-01

    To learn (or generalize) from noisy data, one must resist the temptation to pick a model for the underlying process that overfits the data. Many existing techniques solve this problem at the expense of requiring the evaluation of an absolute, a priori measure of each model`s complexity. We present a method that does not. Instead, it uses a natural, relative measure of each model`s complexity. This method first creates a pool of ``simple`` candidate models using part of the data and then selects from among these by using the rest of the data.

  3. The Modelling of Particle Resuspension in a Turbulent Boundary Layer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Fan

    2011-01-01

    lift and drag forces in turbulent boundary layers, the lift and drag we have con sidered and the impact of these data on predictions made by the non-Gaussian R'n'R model are compared with those based on O'Neill formula. The results indicate that, in terms of the long-term resuspension fraction, the difference is minor. It is concluded that as the particle size decreases the L and B method will lead to less-and-less long-term resuspension. Finally the ultimate model that has been developed in this work is a hybrid version of the R'n'R model adapted for application to multilayer deposits based on the Friess and Yadigaroglu multilayer approach. The deposit is modelled in several overlying layers where the coverage effect (masking) of the deposit layers has been studied; in the first instance a monodisperse deposit with a coverage ratio factor was modelled where this was subsequently replaced by the more general case of a polydisperse deposit with a particle size distribution. The results indicate that, in general, as the number of modelled layers increases the resuspension fraction of the whole deposit after a certain time decreases significantly. In other words, it takes a much longer time to re-suspend a thicker deposit. Taking account of the particle size distribution slightly increases the short-term resuspension. However, this change decreases the long-term resuspension significantly. The model results have been compared with data from the STORM SR11 test (ISP-40) and the BISE experiments. In general, both comparisons indicate that with smaller spread of the adhesive force distribution the new multilayer model agrees very well with the experimental data. It can be inferred that multilayer deposits lead to much narrower distributions of adhesive force

  4. A boundary element model for diffraction of water waves on varying water depth

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poulin, Sanne

    1997-12-31

    In this thesis a boundary element model for calculating diffraction of water waves on varying water depth is presented. The varying water depth is approximated with a perturbed constant depth in the mild-slope wave equation. By doing this, the domain integral which is a result of the varying depth is no longer a function of the unknown wave potential but only a function of position and the constant depth wave potential. The number of unknowns is the resulting system of equations is thus reduced significantly. The integration procedures in the model are tested very thoroughly and it is found that a combination of analytical integration in the singular region and standard numerical integration outside works very well. The gradient of the wave potential is evaluated successfully using a hypersingular integral equation. Deviations from the analytical solution are only found on the boundary or very close to, but these deviations have no significant influence on the accuracy of the solution. The domain integral is evaluated using the dual reciprocity method. The results are compared with a direct integration of the integral, and the accuracy is quite satisfactory. The problem with irregular frequencies is taken care of by the CBIEM (or CHIEF-method) together with a singular value decomposition technique. This method is simple to implement and works very well. The model is verified using Homma`s island as a test case. The test cases are limited to shallow water since the analytical solution is only valid in this region. Several depth ratios are examined, and it is found that the accuracy of the model increases with increasing wave period and decreasing depth ratio. Short waves, e.g. wind generated waves, can allow depth variations up to approximately 2 before the error exceeds 10%, while long waves can allow larger depth ratios. It is concluded that the perturbation idea is highly usable. A study of (partially) absorbing boundary conditions is also conducted. (EG)

  5. Boundary Value Problems for a Class of Sequential Integrodifferential Equations of Fractional Order

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bashir Ahmad

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the existence of solutions for a sequential integrodifferential equation of fractional order with some boundary conditions. The existence results are established by means of some standard tools of fixed point theory. An illustrative example is also presented.

  6. Exponential convergence for nonlinear diffusion problems with positive lateral boundary conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holland, C.J.; Berryman, J.G.

    1985-01-01

    It is established that the solution u of u/sub t/ = Δ(u/sup m/)>0, with positive initial data, positive lateral boundary data, and positive exponent m, converges exponentially to the solution v of the corresponding stationary equation Δ(v/sup m/) = 0. The analysis also provides the form of the leading contribution to the difference

  7. A Von Karman integral approach to a two phase boundary layer problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, R.; Pasamehmetoglu, P.; Eno, B.; Anderson, L.

    1987-01-01

    A Von Karman integral approximation of a two phase boundary layer is developed for bodies of arbitrary shape. The flow field considered is that of the injection of water through a porous airfoil. A solution for the special case of a flat plate is presented. The equations for the airfoil solution are developed and possible effects on airflow separation are discussed.

  8. The Nehari manifold approach for $p(x$-Laplacian problem with Neumann boundary condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Taghavi

    2013-07-01

    where $\\Omega \\subset R^N$ is a bounded domain with smooth boundary and $\\lambda, \\mu > 0,~\\gamma$ is the outer unit normal to $\\partial\\Omega$. Under suitable assumptions, we prove the existence of positive solutions by using the Nehari manifold and some variational techniques.

  9. On non-linear boundary value problems and parametrisation at multiple nodes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rontó, András; Rontó, M.; Varha, J.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 2016, Č. 80 (2016), s. 1-18 ISSN 1417-3875 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : non-local boundary conditions * parametrisation * successive approximations * interval division Subject RIV: BA - General Math ematics Impact factor: 0.926, year: 2016 http://www. math .u-szeged.hu/ejqtde/periodica.html?periodica=1¶mtipus_ertek=publication¶m_ertek=5302

  10. A three-point Taylor algorithm for three-point boundary value problems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.L. López; E. Pérez Sinusía; N.M. Temme (Nico)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractWe consider second-order linear differential equations $\\varphi(x)y''+f(x)y'+g(x)y=h(x)$ in the interval $(-1,1)$ with Dirichlet, Neumann or mixed Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions given at three points of the interval: the two extreme points $x=\\pm 1$ and an interior point

  11. Quasilinearization for the periodic boundary value problem for systems of impulsive differential equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The method of generalized quasilinearization for the system of nonlinear impulsive differential equations with periodic boundary conditions is studied. As a byproduct, the result for the system without impulses can be obtained, which is a new result as well.

  12. Compendium problems of trans-boundary water quota allocation in Central Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafikov V.A.

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available trans-boundary waters are divisible resources and their quota allocation is essential to streamline water supply in basin states. The authors investigated water bodies in the part of Central Asia covered with basins of major rivers such as the Amudarya and Syrdarya. This topic is also important for the entire subcontinent as well as historical aspect of water supply

  13. A free boundary problem for planar compressible Hall-magnetohydrodynamic equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Qiang; Yang, Ying; Gao, Jincheng

    2018-02-01

    In this paper, we study the existence and uniqueness of the global classical solution for the planar compressible Hall-magnetohydrodynamic equations with large initial data. The system is supplemented with free boundary and smooth initial conditions. The proof relies on the bounds of the density and the skew-symmetric structure of the Hall term.

  14. A boundary value problem for a third order hyperbolic equation with degeneration of order inside the domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruzanna Kh. Makaova

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we study the boundary value problem for a degenerating third order equation of hyperbolic type in a mixed domain. The equation under consideration in the positive part of the domain coincides with the Hallaire equation, which is a pseudoparabolic type equation. Moreover, in the negative part of the domain it coincides with a degenerating hyperbolic equation of the first kind, the particular case of the Bitsadze–Lykov equation. The existence and uniqueness theorem for the solution is proved. The uniqueness of the solution to the problem is proved with the Tricomi method. Using the functional relationships of the positive and negative parts of the domain on the degeneration line, we arrive at the convolution type Volterra integral equation of the 2nd kind with respect to the desired solution by a derivative trace. With the Laplace transform method, we obtain the solution of the integral equation in its explicit form. At last, the solution to the problem under study is written out explicitly as the solution of the second boundary-value problem in the positive part of the domain for the Hallaire equation and as the solution to the Cauchy problem in the negative part of the domain for a degenerate hyperbolic equation of the first kind.

  15. Integrating autonomous Problem Resolution Models with Remedy

    OpenAIRE

    Marquina, M A; Padilla, J; Ramos, R

    2000-01-01

    This paper briefly defines the concept of Problem Resolution Model and shows possible approaches to the issues which may arise when integrating various PRMs to present a consistent view to the end user, despite of the peculiarities of each physical implementation. Integration refers to various autonomous PRMs having to interact as problems pass from one to another in the resolution flow. This process should be transparent to the user and internally there must be a way to track in which stage ...

  16. Exact Solution of the Six-Vertex Model with Domain Wall Boundary Conditions. Disordered Phase

    CERN Document Server

    Bleher, P M

    2005-01-01

    The six-vertex model, or the square ice model, with domain wall boundary conditions (DWBC) has been introduced and solved for finite $N$ by Korepin and Izergin. The solution is based on the Yang-Baxter equations and it represents the free energy in terms of an $N\\times N$ Hankel determinant. Paul Zinn-Justin observed that the Izergin-Korepin formula can be re-expressed in terms of the partition function of a random matrix model with a nonpolynomial interaction. We use this observation to obtain the large $N$ asymptotics of the six-vertex model with DWBC in the disordered phase. The solution is based on the Riemann-Hilbert approach and the Deift-Zhou nonlinear steepest descent method. As was noticed by Kuperberg, the problem of enumeration of alternating sign matrices (the ASM problem) is a special case of the the six-vertex model. We compare the obtained exact solution of the six-vertex model with known exact results for the 1, 2, and 3 enumerations of ASMs, and also with the exact solution on the so-called f...

  17. The Modelling of Particle Resuspension in a Turbulent Boundary Layer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Fan

    2011-10-20

    uncorrelated curve-fitted model. In view of recent numerical data for lift and drag forces in turbulent boundary layers, the lift and drag we have con sidered and the impact of these data on predictions made by the non-Gaussian R'n'R model are compared with those based on O'Neill formula. The results indicate that, in terms of the long-term resuspension fraction, the difference is minor. It is concluded that as the particle size decreases the L and B method will lead to less-and-less long-term resuspension. Finally the ultimate model that has been developed in this work is a hybrid version of the R'n'R model adapted for application to multilayer deposits based on the Friess and Yadigaroglu multilayer approach. The deposit is modelled in several overlying layers where the coverage effect (masking) of the deposit layers has been studied; in the first instance a monodisperse deposit with a coverage ratio factor was modelled where this was subsequently replaced by the more general case of a polydisperse deposit with a particle size distribution.

  18. Bulk-boundary correlators in the hermitian matrix model and minimal Liouville gravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bourgine, Jean-Emile; Ishiki, Goro; Rim, Chaiho

    2012-01-01

    We construct the one matrix model (MM) correlators corresponding to the general bulk-boundary correlation numbers of the minimal Liouville gravity (LG) on the disc. To find agreement between both discrete and continuous approach, we investigate the resonance transformation mixing boundary and bulk couplings. It leads to consider two sectors, depending on whether the matter part of the LG correlator is vanishing due to the fusion rules. In the vanishing case, we determine the explicit transformation of the boundary couplings at the first order in bulk couplings. In the non-vanishing case, no bulk-boundary resonance is involved and only the first order of pure boundary resonances have to be considered. Those are encoded in the matrix polynomials determined in our previous paper. We checked the agreement for the bulk-boundary correlators of MM and LG in several non-trivial cases. In this process, we developed an alternative method to derive the boundary resonance encoding polynomials.

  19. On one model problem for the reaction-diffusion-advection equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davydova, M. A.; Zakharova, S. A.; Levashova, N. T.

    2017-09-01

    The asymptotic behavior of the solution with boundary layers in the time-independent mathematical model of reaction-diffusion-advection arising when describing the distribution of greenhouse gases in the surface atmospheric layer is studied. On the basis of the asymptotic method of differential inequalities, the existence of a boundary-layer solution and its asymptotic Lyapunov stability as a steady-state solution of the corresponding parabolic problem is proven. One of the results of this work is the determination of the local domain of the attraction of a boundary-layer solution.

  20. Biosocial models of adolescent problem behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Udry, J R

    1990-01-01

    This paper develops a biosocial model of adolescent age-graded norm violations ("problem behaviors"), combining a traditional social control model with a biological model using steroid hormones. Subjects were 101 white boys drawn from the 8th-, 9th-, and 10th-grade rosters of selected public schools, and ranging in age from 13 to 16. Subjects completed self-administered questionnaires and provided blood samples which were assayed for the behaviorally relevant hormones. Boys' problem behavior shows strong hormone effects. Social and biological variables have both additive and indirect effects. Using a biosocial model leads to conclusions which are different from those which would have been drawn from the sociological model alone.