WorldWideScience

Sample records for bosnia herzegovina incidencias

  1. Autochthonous cheeses of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Zlatan Sarić; Sonja Bijeljac

    2003-01-01

    Despite the migration of people towards cities, autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina survived. Technologies of these cheeses are simple and adapted to humble mountain limitations. Geographical occasions and rich mountain pastures created a certain participation of ewe's milk cheeses. Communicative isolation of hilly-mountain regions resulted in "closed" cheese production in small households. Autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina have various origins. Different cheeses are...

  2. Autochthonous cheeses of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatan Sarić

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite the migration of people towards cities, autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina survived. Technologies of these cheeses are simple and adapted to humble mountain limitations. Geographical occasions and rich mountain pastures created a certain participation of ewe's milk cheeses. Communicative isolation of hilly-mountain regions resulted in "closed" cheese production in small households. Autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina have various origins. Different cheeses are produced in different parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina. There are : Travnički cheese, Masni (fat cheese, Presukača, Sirac, Livanjski cheese, Posni (lean cheese, "Suvi" (dry cheese or "Mješinski" full fat cheese matured in sheepskin bag, fresh sour milk cheese "Kiseli" and dried sour milk cheese "Kiseli", Zajednica, Basa, Kalenderovački cheese and goat's milk cheeses (Hard and White soft goat's milk cheese, "Zarica" and Urda. Besides above-mentioned types of cheese in Bosnia and Herzegovina some other autochthonous dairy products are produced: Kajmak (Cream, Maslo (Rendered butter and Zimsko kiselo mlijeko (Winter sour milk. The specificity in Bosnia and Herzegovina is that autochthonous dairy products are still mainly both produced and consumed in small rural households. Exceptions are Travnički cheese and Kajmak that are significantly sold at market. Only Livanjski cheese is manufactured as industry dairy product.

  3. Learning Festival in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agic, Sejfudin; Glumac, Nijaz; Gozo, Zehra; Hoso, Narcis; Jonic, Damir; Kudumovic, Mensura; Moldovan, Dragana; Muminovic, Aida; Pjevalica, Zeljana; Sadikovic, Azra; Serbic, Miso

    2002-01-01

    During International Adult Learners Week, a learning festival organized by a humanitarian organization celebrated the resilience and learning focus of the people of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Evaluations identified a need for more government support for adult education and the contributions of nongovernmental organizations. (SK)

  4. Assessing Microfinance: The Bosnia and Herzegovina Case

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    AnneWelle-Strand

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Microfinance is often hailed both as a tool for fighting poverty and as atool for post-conflict reconciliation. This paper explores the use of microfinancein post-civil war Bosnia and Herzegovina, assessing its resultsin terms of both goals. As it combined high unemployment witha highly educated population in an institutionally open context, Bosniaand Herzegovina provides a crucial test of the effect of microfinance. Ifunambiguous signs of success cannot be found in a case with such favorableconditions, this would raise serious questions about the potentialbenefits of microfinance. The paper draws together evidence froma series of independent reviews of microfinance in Bosnia and Herzegovina,to assess its impact in terms of economic performance, theeconomic system, social welfare and post-conflict integration. Basedon this case study, microfinance appears a better tool for dealing withpoverty than with social integration or institution building.

  5. CORPORATE RISK REPORTING IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Corporate reporting in Bosnia and Herzegovina is traditionally focused on meeting the legislation frame for the financial reporting. Changes in business environment influence on business perspective of doing business but also on decision making process for wide range of corporate stakeholders. All the matters aforesaid contribute to the necessary changes in traditional financial reporting. Risk reporting is only a first step of corporate reporting process improvement. The institutional frames...

  6. A short history of medical informatics in bosnia and herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2014-02-01

    The health informatics profession in Bosnia and Herzegovina has relatively long history. Thirty five years from the introduction of the first automatic manipulation of data, thirty years from the establishment of Society for Medical Informatics BiH, twenty years from the establishment of the Scientific journal "Acta Informatica Medica (Acta Inform Med", indexed in PubMed, PubMed Central Scopus, Embase, etc.), twenty years on from the establishment of the first Cathedra for Medical Informatics on Biomedical Faculties in Bosnia and Herzegovina, ten years on from the introduction of the method of "Distance learning" in medical curriculum. The author of this article is eager to mark the importance of the above mentioned Anniversaries in the development of Health informatics in Bosnia and Herzegovina and have attempted, very briefly, to present the most significant events and persons with essential roles throughout this period.

  7. Phillips and Wage Curves: Empirical Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Edo Omerčević

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is an empirical examination of the existence and characteristics of the Phillips curve and the wage curve in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The findings indicate that there is no evidence of the existence of the short-term Phillips curve. Instead, the data suggests that in the short-term an increase in inflation leads to an increase in unemployment. The estimated wage curves indicate that only increases in real payment increase employment. The conclusion of this study is that increases in inflation might have a negative short-term impact on the level of employment in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  8. NATO Membership for Bosnia and Herzegovina: Obstacles and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    Cell PfP Partnership for Peace PPBES Planning, Programming and Budgeting Execution System RS Republika Srpska SDR Strategic Defense...weak central state with two relatively strong entities: 1) the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and 2) the Republika Srpska (RS). Bosnia...time was the illegal export by Republika Srpska of arms technology to Iraq in August 2002, more commonly known as the Orao affair.140 The public and

  9. Security and Intelligence Services in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Lučić, Ivo

    2000-01-01

    The author chronicles the history of the security-intelligence system of Bosnia and Herzegovina. He deals with the beginnings of the services' activities, the laws and regulations passed during the past 55 years, and the key political processes and events which influenced the development of the security-intelligence system and society as a whole. He also discusses the conditions and background under which the socialist security system collapsed at the onset of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovin...

  10. [Development of ophthalmology in Bosnia and Herzegovina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masić, Izet; Alikadić-Husović, Amila; Milanović-Eichberger, Ljiljana

    2008-01-01

    Organized health services in Bosnia and Herzegovina started with the foundation of several vakuf hospitals (in Sarajevo, Tuzla, Banja Luka, Mostar and Travnik) financed by the fund of the Gazi Husrev-beg vakuf. In these hospitals services was provided by the qualified health professionals, mainly educated at the schools of medicine in Turkey, Italy, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland and other countries. Majority of them worked as civil and military physicians in the above mentioned vakuf hospitals, but also in the Turkey army hospitals situated in the all larger settlements in Bosnia and Herzegovina. During the period when B&H was managed by the Turkey and Austro-Hungarian empire there was no specialized ophthalmology services. During the Austro-Hungarian management there was a Surgical-oculist department within the Land Hospital in Sarajevo, which treated 4.47% of patients with eye diseases, among total number of in-patients, and according to the health service at the end of year 1900, during that year there there was 3238 general surgeries and 633 ophthalmology surgeries performed. In the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, beside establishment of the independent Eye department within the General State hospital in Sarajevo, in1923, also started development of the ophthalmology service within Surgical Department in Mostar, which was lead in 1929 by the ophthalmologist, and which grew in 1931 into independent Eye Department, as the second of that type in B&H. Specialized ophthalmology service in Banja Luka started to develop within the Surgery Department in 1931, and independent Eye Department was founded in 1945. Medical Faculty in Sarajevo was founded on 16th November 1946. Also on founded on the same day is the Eye Clinic, and appointed as its first director was Professor Vladimir Cavka MD., one of the first full time professors of the Medical Faculty in Sarajevo, founder of the Peoples society of B&H (Academy of Sciences and Arts of B&H) and the magazine, Medicinski arhiv

  11. INTERNET FINANCIAL REPORTING IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Zaimović Tarik

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Using the Internet as a communication channel between a company and its stakeholders is a norm in today's economy, and the Web-based company reports have long replaced traditional forms of corporate reporting. Most investors base their entire first impression of a company on information available on its Web page, and often, an entire initial performance assessment is based on data available on-line. Internet Financial Reporting (IFR, in its broadest form, has become one of the pivotal factors in effective functioning of capital markets. Building on earlier studies, we analyzed the IFR practices of companies traded on two stock exchanges in Bosnia and Herzegovina by estimating multiple regressions separately for both stock exchanges. Our findings clearly show that voluntary disclosure of reports and other forms of company information for analyzed companies is still simplistic. Furthermore, our estimations revealed that profitability measured by return on equity and market activity represented by share turnover significantly affect the IFR index for companies traded on the Banja Luka Stock Exchange (BLSE; with companies traded on the Sarajevo Stock Exchange (SASE, size measured by total asset, as well as market activity measured by share turnover, have a positive effect on the IFR index. On both stock exchanges, companies from the financial industry have on average higher IFR scores than other companies. With respect to expanding earlier studies, this study used an extended sample for Bosnian and Herzegovinian assessments, and as a result, observed additional factors related to the Internet Financial Reporting practices of companies traded on two stock markets in BiH

  12. Possibilities for Social Cohesion in Education: Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Kelly

    2011-01-01

    In postwar Bosnia-Herzegovina, segregation along ethno-nationalistic lines and divergent pedagogies within the education system have presented challenges to social cohesion and the long-term stability of a society that is still struggling to rebuild, reconcile, and regain trust (Jancic, 2008). This article examines the current state of the…

  13. Potential Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources for Electicity Generation in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Fajik Begić

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Along with the current processes of restructuring of Energy power system of Bosnia and Herzegovina, liberalisation of the electricity market, and modernisation of the existing power plants, Bosnia and Herzegovina must turn to the utilisation of renewable resources in reasonable dynamics as well. Respecting this policy, the initial evaluation of the potential of renewable energy resources in Bosnia and Herzegovina is performed. The methodology of evaluation of wind energy utilisation is presented in this paper, as well as some other aspects of utilisation of the renewable energy resources in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Implementation of selected projects should improve sustainability of energy power production in Bosnia and Herzegovina, by reducing the total emission of carbon dioxide originated from energy power system of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  14. Islamist Terrorist Networks in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    20Embargo.htm (accessed April 10, 2009). 27 Rabia Ali and Lawrence Lifschultz, “Why Bosnia?” Third World Quarterly 15, no. 3 (September 1994), 369. http...Economic Growth. (June 1996). Ali, Rabia and Lawrence Lifschultz. “Why Bosnia?” Third World Quarterly 15, no. 3 (September 1994). http://www.jstor.org

  15. FINANCIAL SOUNDNESS INDICATORS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BANKING SECTOR

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    Kemal Kozaric

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to research financial soundness indicators in Bosnia and Herzegovina banking sector, their interconnections, causality and influenced factors. Therefore the subjects of analysis are core financial indicators. For that purposes data from International Monetary Fund for period 2008 – 2013th as well as data from state agencies and central bank were used. In order to gain research goal different scientific methods were used. Therefore, correlation and regression analysis were employed in order to reveal connectivity and causality between those factors. Results have shown that banks in Bosnia and Herzegovina still have to pay attention on non-performing loans as one of the main threats to their liquidity and stability.

  16. PROLEGOMENA TO INTELLIGENCE STUDIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Maid Pajević

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses the development of the academic field of inquiry known as intelligence studies. After noting the historical and global context, the paper observes at the development of intelligence studies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It argues that for intelligence studies discipline to make advancements like those seen in other academic disciplines, it needs to adhere to the scientific method of inquiry, which is, after all, the hallmark of scholarly inquires.

  17. PROLEGOMENA TO INTELLIGENCE STUDIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Maid Pajević

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the development of the academic field of inquiry known as intelligence studies. After noting the historical and global context, the paper observes at the development of intelligence studies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It argues that for intelligence studies discipline to make advancements like those seen in other academic disciplines, it needs to adhere to the scientific method of inquiry, which is, after all, the hallmark of scholarly inquires.

  18. Biomass as energy resource of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gvero, P. (University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Banja Luka (Bosnia and Herzegowina)); Petrovic, S. (IGT R and D Centre for Gas Technology, Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina)); Ballard Tremeer, G. (ECO Ltd., London (United Kingdom)); Maslac, S. (UNDP, Banja Luka Office (Bosnia and Herzegowina))

    2007-07-01

    The production, harvesting and processing of timber is one of the country's oldest economic activities, and has a major strategic importance for the country's economic development, especially in post war period. Some statistical estimations shows that the wood export value within the total Bosnia and Herzegovina export value is probably in order of 15%. It is further estimated that 15% of the total population receives its livelihood through the activities in forestry and forest industry. Sustainable development of the present and future energy systems has to be based on two strategies: energy efficiency and renewable energy sources. Bosnia and Herzegovina thanking to great hydro potential, biomass, geothermal energy etc. belongs to the list of the countries which will development of energy sector mainly based on renewable energy sources. In a present period biomass plays significant role in households and wood processing industry sectors. Bosnia and Herzegovina has large biomass resources: the growing stock is equivalent to 7.44 x 106 m3 of wood giving an annual sustainable production volume of about 4.43 x 106 m3. Because of large potential of biomass, this energy source will play more important role in whole energy sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This paper gives some data regarding to biomass energy potential collected from different sources in Republic of Srpska and Federation of B and H as consisting parts of the Bosnia and Herzegovina and recouped on one place. This paper also gives short analysis of potential biomass resource use. There are a lot of large industrial energy systems in the Country, mainly in wood processing industry, which was passed through privatization process in last couple years. Now, new owners of this mainly to large capacities for them, looking for the chances in ESCO business, electricity production, district heating systems. This paper gives short analysis of potential cogeneration systems based on biomass. Some analysis

  19. Islamism and Security in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    democracy. 12 Wahhabis. One mujahideen leader predicted in 1996 that “[f]oreign fighters will not be a problem for Bosnia. They will move on. But we...Islamism or Muslim dominance, this move is unlikely to succeed and may only increase opposition to NATO. Bosnia’s eventual NATO membership would raise...May 12, 2010. 51. “Bosna Bank International Holds Annual Board Meeting in Dubai ,” available from www.ameinfo.com, December 19, 2012. BBI

  20. Gendered Justice Gaps in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Björkdahl, Annika; Mannergren Selimovic, Johanna

    2014-01-01

    , and reparations gaps-this article examines structural constraints for women to engage in shaping and implementing transitional justice, and unmasks transitional justice as a site for the long-term construction of the gendered post-conflict order. Thus, the gendered dynamics of peacebuilding and transitional...... justice have produced a post-conflict order characterized by gendered peace and justice gaps. Yet, we conclude that women are doing justice within the Bosnian-Herzegovina transitional justice project, and that their presence and participation is complex, multilayered, and constrained yet critical. © 2013...

  1. United Nations Intervention for Humanitarian Relief in Bosnia- Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-22

    Corps in Banja Luka , II Krajina Corps in Drvar, III North Bosnian Group near Bijeljina, IV East Bosnian Group and the Herzegovinian Corps are located...Bosnia-Herzegovina); the Serbians are also using the Bosnian airfield at Mahovljani (nezr Banja Luka ) .29 The Serbian air defense network is anchored...around the air base at Banja Luka and comprised of one division of SA-2’s, a single battery SA-6, and 40mm anti-aircraft (AA’ guns.)0 Unconfirmed

  2. DIVIDEND POLICY OF PUBLIC COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ante Dzidic

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides insight in dividend policy of publicly listed companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina and investigates appearance of dividend smoothing behavior. The results show increase in portion of dividend paying companies over time while dividend smoothing phenomenon is virtually non-existent. On the other hand, when companies decide to pay dividends they, on average, distribute high portion of profit to shareholders. The paper also provides discussion about capital market development, investor protection and ownership concentration as potential factors affecting importance of dividend payouts. Research results indicate that insufficiently developed capital market characterized with low investor protection and concentrated ownership structure undermine the importance of dividend smoothing practices.

  3. Characteristics of Patients Involved in Psychotherapy in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Sabina Alispahić

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics of Bosnian and Herzegovinian patients involved in psychotherapeutic treatments in order to explore the current situation of psychotherapy in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: The study included 213 patients (154 women and 47 men undergoing diverse psychotherapeutic treatments. Data about demographic and clinical characteristics were collected by questionnaire. Following characteristics were documented: age, sex, education, employment status, marital status, specific problem that got the client involved in psychotherapy, type of psychotherapy, and use of psychopharmacology.Results: Majority of the patients undergoing psychotherapy are age up to 40 and female. They are by vast majority holding a university degree and are employed. Nearly equal number of patients is living in partnership or marriage compared to single or never been married. Most frequent reasons for getting involved in the psychotherapy treatment are of the intrapersonal nature (depression, anxiety and panic attacks. Majority of the patients were involved in gestalt and cognitive behavioral psychotherapy, and at the same time majority of those were not prescribed medicaments.Conclusions: We point out and overview some of the most prominent socio-demographic traits of patients undergoing psychotherapy, the ones that could be important in the future research with the higher degree of control. In the terms of personal initiative, psychotherapy stops being a taboo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, there is still a long path until it reaches integration in daily life of the people.

  4. Sustainable tourism chance for development Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Lugonja Aleksandar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina is reach in many resources such as geographical position, climate, nature. Neither its government nor its people realize the huge potential and possible benefits that tourism can bring about helping them to prosper economically. Tourism is playing more and more important role in national and local economies. There is no evidence that this trend will decline. Visitors can significantly contribute to the local and national economy and the economic multiplier effect of this spend, in turn, supports employment and secondary tourist facilities. Similarly, in the determination of future proposals that could impact on the setting, character and appearance of its potentials, special care is needed by planners and promoters to assess its potential. The key to the sustainable approach to tourism and the cultural heritage is the preparation of appropriate master plan that takes into account the identified overall effects in order to guide the course of development in a way that protects those very resources that attract visitors and that does not cause in the short, medium and long term any reduction in their character or appearance. In the present tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina is at a low level of development and international competitiveness, but according to projections UNWTO, and in accordance with the "Vision for Tourism to 2020 years", should that become a strategic economic sector in the coming period which will contribute to economic prosperity, economic growth and development of national economy.

  5. POSITION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA ON THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET

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    Dijana Grahovac

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Intensification of internationaltrade forced states to address the foreign policyissues in the field of international economiccooperation. In contemporary world economy andimpacts of globalization, trade should be the engineof economic development. The national economy islosing, in exchange for a higher standard. This is,of course, in planetary terms, and every state andeconomy is to fight for its position in theinternational market. How to use the modern trendsof the global economy for the economicdevelopment of Bosnia and Herzegovina? Successis possible only by a combination of opportunitiesoffered by global markets, and strategy of nationaleconomic policy for achieving macroeconomicstability by strengthening the factors of economicgrowth based on the growth of production forexport. Issues related to foreign trade deficitrequire creating an institutional environment fordiversified and competitive export sector, throughthe process of the structural reforms and marketliberalization. The authorities in Bosnia andHerzegovina must act through foreign trade andmacroeconomic policies in the country towardseconomic growth, price stability, to reduce thetrade deficit and revive the economy, whosesubjects will be able to know and equallyparticipate in market competition within the EU.Within the foreign policy great emphasis should beplaced on avoiding or at least mitigating thenegative effects of trade liberalization process, aswell as the compulsory process. Liberalizationincreases the gap between the rich and the poor,and certainly it can be transmitted on a globallevel, where there is always a possibility that theglobal open trade marginalizes each state.

  6. Avian chlamydiosis in turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Šatrović E.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Chlamydiosis is a contagious disease of birds, mammals, reptiles and humans. So far it was demonstrated in 469 species of birds and among them, turkeys are the most susceptible domestic poultry species. The disease appears in epizootic form in intensive turkey farming. Since commercial poultry rearing is under-developed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, our investigation was based on extensively reared turkeys. Cloacal and oropharyngeal swabs were taken from 26 birds and infection was proven by common chlamydial LPS antigen detection tests (IDEIA and CW. We have used rRT-PCR technique targeting chlamydial ompA gene region in order to prove Chlamydia species. Five birds, (19.2% were found positive as judged by IDEIA and CW tests. Among them one was positive Cp. psittaci speciesspecific rRT-PCR, ompA gene.

  7. Caries prevalence of children and adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nina Markovic

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this study was to present epidemiological parameters of caries prevalence in children and adolescents in index age groups on a national and regional level in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH. Materials and methods. The study was conducted during 2004 year for children aged 6 and 12, and during 2007 for adolescents aged 15. An oral health survey was performed on a total number of 1,240 children and adolescents in line with World Health Organization methodology and criteria. Results for caries prevalence and treatment needs were presented and discussed in this paper. Results. Mean dmft (decay, missing, filled teeth for primary dentition for children aged six was 6.7 (SD±3.9 in that the decayed teeth constituted the major part of the index (88.8%, followed by extracted teeth (8.9% and a small percentage of filled teeth (2.3%. In 12-year-olds DMFT (Decay, Missing, Filled Teeth for permanent dentition was 4.2 (SD±2.9, Significant Caries index (SiC was 7.7 (SD±2.9, the decayed teeth constituted the major part of the index (45.4%, followed by 42.1% of FT and 12.5% of extracted teeth. Among 15-year-olds the DMFT was 7.6 (SD±4.1, SiC was 9.2 (SD±1.2, and filled teeth constituted the major part of the index. Conclusion. The present study provides some evidence of relatively high caries prevalence and severity in comparison with Western European countries. It is necessary to devote more attention to the oral health of children and adolescents. Community based oral health promotion, preventive programs and preventive oriented public dental health care services should be made available and accessible to all children in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  8. Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Renewable energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-01-15

    The Agency for International Business and Cooperation of the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs (EVD) has contracted Larive Serbia to conduct a market survey about Western Balkan's Renewable Energy market, with attention limited to Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. After the survey has been conducted according to the ToR No 80MVK13 published by EVD, Larive Serbia presents this market study as the summary of the results obtained by the survey. The survey was intended to identify the market of the four sources of renewable energy (wind energy, bio energy, hydro energy and thermal energy) in Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, and derive concrete business opportunities and prospects for Dutch trade and industry. Favorable terms for providing consultancy and engineering services, as well as production of the equipment used in the renewable energy sector were also to be identified. Specific development potential of each country included in the survey was to be provided as a mean of support to possible future market players originating from the Netherlands. Cross-border projects undertaken among the three countries themselves and with neighboring countries were to be included as well. The methodology used for preparing the study included gathering information from public sources, drafting primary version of the study and hypothesis, conducting in-depth interviews, and drafting the final version of the study and supporting hypothesis. As defined in the ToR of the study, first generation bio-fuels have not been included in the scope. In order to present situation in the RES sector objectively, investments based on these were mentioned. The statistical data were used to support and clarify the written information provided. Comparable and reliable data on the renewable energy sources for Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina are rather scarce, while methodologies applied in national statistics are not in line with EUROSTAT. Additionally, international

  9. MIDDLE TRIASSIC AUTOCLASTIC DEPOSITS FROM SOUTHWESTERN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Duje Smirčić

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Middle Triassic volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks have been recognized at several localities near Bosansko Grahovo, in southwestern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the External Dinarides. Peculiar types of autoclastic rocks were investigated. These are peperites and hyaloclastites. Regarding specific structures, mineral composition and micropetrographic characteristics it was possible to further differentiate hyaloclastites into in situ hyaloclastites and slightly resedimented hyaloclastites that represent genetic succession. All rock types occurred in a deep sea troughs that formed as a consequence of Middle Triassic extensional tectonic and rift related wrench faulting. In situ hyaloclastites and slightly resedimented hyaloclastites were formed due to quenching at the contact of lava effusions with sea water. Genesis of peperites is related to lava emplacement in unconsolidated water saturated lime mudstones that were deposited in deep sea basin. All investigated rock types represent first findings of autoclastic deposits in the External Dinarides. Biostratigraphic constraints achieved by means of conodont species Neogondolella excentrica, Paragondolella excelsa, Paragondolella trammeri and Gladigondolella tethydis indicate Late Anisian to Early Ladinian interval of the autoclastic deposits from Bosansko Grahovo.

  10. PERSPECTIVES OF BASEL III: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Emira Kozarević

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The latest Basel Accord, which relies on the New Capital Accord (i.e. Basel II and whose basic goals have been, from a normative standpoint, enhancing the banking sector’s ability to absorb the losses arising from economic distresses like the global financial crisis (2007-2009, improving risk management and governance, and strengthening the bank's transparency and disclosures, operationally emphasises the need to improve the quality and quantity of capital components, liquidity standards, and leverage ratio. The implementation of the Accord in developed economies started at the beginning of 2013 and the overall transition period from the Basel II framework should end by the year 2019. But as far as emerging economies are concerned, there are several issues on the road of implementation, such as necessary (technical skills and expertise of bank staff as well as their supervisory institutions, sophisticated internal rating mechanisms and capacity, significant amount of new information and recordkeeping, etc. This paper discusses real and potential effects of Basel III in both developed and emerging economies. A special emphasis is given to the banking sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina

  11. APLICATION OF GRAVITY MODEL FOR ANALYSIS OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA EXPORT

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    Vladan Nastić

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available During the last two decades, the gravity model has become very popular in analysis of bilateral trade, regardless of the real limitations of econometrics methods in estimation of model parameters. In this research we analyzed Bosnia and Herzegovina export in period from 2002 to 2011, using gravity model of trade. Gravity model is constructed on the basis of experience from previous empirical and theoretical research, and on the basis of achieved exports results of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The resulting gravity model of exports is used as the basis for the analysis of potential export growth opportunities and identifying potential markets which are not fully utilized. At the same time we got information about the risk of a possible reduction of exports in some countries. Research results should be used as the basis for the adjustment measures of foreign trade policy of Bosnia and Herzegovina in order to use the potential export indicated by this analysis.

  12. Effects of the Washington Consensus on the Macroeconomic Stability of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Kasumović Merim

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available With regard to the specific situation and problems in Bosnia and Herzegovina this paper will analyse the effects caused by adhering to the rules of the Washington Consensus, and thus will determine to which extent they have influenced the stability of the macroeconomic indicators in Bosnia and Herzegovina and will explain how the rules affect the stability of macroeconomic indicators of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The main thesis of the Washington Consensus is that by following the measures of the same the macroeconomic situation in the country becomes more stabilised. However, stabilization often cannot sustain in the long term and this situation in the economy can be regarded as quasi-macroeconomic stability.

  13. Perceptions towards IT Security in Online Banking: Croatian Clients vs. Clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedim Makarevic

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study has been completed with a purpose to analyze and compare perceptions of clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina and those of Croatian clients about IT security in online banking, to provide insight into similarities and differences of their view points and to create important set of information for all subjects active in banking industry. Once the survey based on six variables and specific questions assigned to each one of those variables was prepared, results regarding both countries were collected and concluded. Survey was completed in both Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia at high response rates. Even 207 respondents replied from Bosnia and Herzegovina, while 203 respondents completed survey from Croatia. Results were analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics. Results indicated that Croatian e-banking users trust to banks when it comes to IT security of online banking much more compared to clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is important to mention that clients of Croatia perceive tangible features as highly significant while Bosnian clients do not perceive tangible features that much important. This proved that Croatian clients are aware of potential security threats and they know their part of responsibility when it comes to handling money online. On the other hand, results from Bosnia and Herzegovina indicated that Bosnian clients have lack of trust in online banking, and lack of awareness about personal tangible aspects that can improve security of personal online banking experience. The main limitation of this study is relatively small sample and too generic approach. Therefore, this study may be perceived as a pilot study for future researchers. The study’s results may be of interest to marketers and managers of banks operating in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia to learn more about their clients’ perceptions towards their e-banking services.

  14. How to encourage the financing of infrastructure building in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeljko Maric

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Within the context of WEF competitiveness measurement for 2009/10, Bosnia and Herzegovina was the worst evaluated country in the region of Southeast Europe. The infrastructure quality, as one of the basic requirements, has had the lowest rank and it is one of the main reasons for very low B&H competitiveness. It means that the one of the main ways for competitiveness increment is investing into infrastructure building. This paper analyses which financing way for infrastructure building is optimal in the conditions of political and economical situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  15. An ongoing measles outbreak in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2014 to 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hukic, M; Ravlija, J; Karakas, S; Mulaomerovic, M; Dedeic Ljubovic, A; Salimović-Besic, I; Seremet, M; Ahmetagic, S; Comor, A; Feric, E

    2015-03-05

    Between January 2014 and the beginning of February 2015, the Federal Institute of Public Health in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina has reported 3,804 measles cases. Notable transmission has been observed in three Central Bosnia Canton municipalities: Bugojno, Fojnica and Travnik. Most cases were unvaccinated 2,680 (70%) or of unknown vaccination status 755 (20%). Health authorities have been checking vaccination records and performing necessary prevention measures. The epidemic is still ongoing.

  16. [Establishment of the first medical faculty in Bosnia and Herzegovina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masić, Izet

    2004-01-01

    After establishment of the medical faculties in Zagreb (1917 year), Ljubljana (1919 year) and Belgrade (1921 gear), by the decision of the minister of the National education of the Independent State Croatia from 31.3.1944. year, there were establishment the medical faculties in Sarajevo and Split the same year. The Medical faculty in Sarajevo, as the faculty of the University in Zagreb, officially began with the work 22.11.1944. year by the opening which made the then dean of the Medical faculty in Zagreb professor (doctor) Ante Sercer. For the dean of the Medical faculty in Sarajevo was nominated professor Stanko Sielski, the renown bosnian-herzegovinian physician, the former head of the district bacteriological station in Tuzla and Banja Luka. The access lectures held professor (doctor) Mile Budak, professor (doctor) Ljudevit Thaller, professor (doctor) Ibrahim Ruzdic. The first generation of the students of the school 1944/1945 year numbered about 165 students. The teaching was organized in the complex of the building of the present residance Conac in Sarajevo, and the practical instruction was performed on the basis of the contract with the then General hospital in Sarajevo. The teachers of the faculty were the eminent professors of the Medical faculty at the University in Zagreb. From all the known person, the fact about the so called NDH (IS Croatia) to the medical faculty, for the long time were hidden from the publicity, so that about them was not spoken, till the back several years, either the momentary alive students of the generation. In this article is stated the factographia connected for the establishment and functionioning of the mentioned first medical faculty in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  17. The Religious Identities and Social Stucture of Bosnia-Herzegovina

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    Nebojša Šavija-Valha

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the structural preconditions of articulation of religious identities in Bosnia-Herzegovina from the historical perspective. These have been produced by the processes of Christianization and Islamization at the intersection of heterogeneous origin of Bosnian-Herzegovinian population, the influence of paganism and folk beliefs, and the geopolitical situation on the border line between the great empires. Due to the influence of these factors, these processes have never been successful in encompassing the entire population, which has always been divided among several simultaneously co-existing religious institutions: Catholicism, Christian Orthodoxy, the Bosnian Church and Islam. Through the institution of Millet, allowing its subjects relative cultural and social freedoms within their religious communities, the Ottoman Empire provides the communities with preconditions for ethnic modelling, but also for “political” articulation. The interplay of these agents has provided a base for interaction among the religious groups, which can be seen at two complementary levels: the vertical one, “the political”, ruled by hierarchical and discriminative relations; and the lateral one, “the social”, which is a sphere of egalitarian trans- and inter-ethnic social practices. Both levels have their religious aspects: at the first, it is about institutionalized religions; at the second, about “folk” religion, a syncretism of pre-Christian tradition and Christian and Islamic elements. Hence, religion has been acting in a totalizing way in Bosnian-Herzegovinian society, appearing both as a primary repertoire of symbolic elements and as a basic mechanism of further group identifications – ethnic and national.

  18. Report on the Vocational Education and Training in Bosnia and Herzegovina. National Observatory Country Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabucar, Abdulah; Gakovic, Aleksandra; Hadrovic, Armin; Prohaska, Donald; Dokic, Gordana; Vlasic, Marija; Markotic, Mario; Mandic, Milena; Merlo, Mira; Praso, Murat; Jovic, Nebojsa; Leto, Ramiz; Sarajcic, Sahrudin; Mulac, Salih; Vlasic, Silvio; Numic, Suada; Licina, Svetozar; Gakovic, Vojislav

    The state of the vocational education and training (VET) system in Bosnia and Herzegovina was reviewed to identify needed changes in policy and practice. The analysis focused on the following topics: (1) existing socioeconomic conditions; (2) existing labor market policies and employment patterns, unemployment, and employability; (3) modernization…

  19. From VET School to the Labour Market in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Expected versus Actual Wages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brankovic, Nina; Oruc, Nermin

    2016-01-01

    This article analyses the differences between expected and actual wages of VET students and graduates. It uses a survey of VET students enrolled in schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and data about employed VET graduates from the Labour Force Survey. The model of determinants of wages, expected or actual, estimated separately on each dataset,…

  20. Consolidation of Science Education in Ethnically Divided Postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šorgo, Andrej; Živkovic, Mate

    2015-01-01

    Because of war and civil war on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, education in ethnically divided country has become fragmented. Because of postwar divisions thirteen different ministries of education or similar bodies are responsible for education, resulting in inefficiency and low quality. To overcome differences, a committee of experts…

  1. Den Internationale Domstols dom af 26. februar 2007 i sagen Bosnia-Herzegovina v. Yugoslavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldgaard-Pedersen, Astrid

    2008-01-01

    Med sin dom i Case Concerning Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia-Herzegovina v. Yugoslavia) har Den Internationale Domstol i Haag1 ydet et vidtrækkende bidrag til teorien om folkedrab og fortolkningen af Folkedrabskonventionen. Efter...

  2. Banking Competition and Efficiency: Empirical Analysis on the Bosnia and Herzegovina Using Panzar-Rosse Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Memić Deni

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Competition in the banking industry has been an important topic in the scientific literature as researchers tried to assess the level of competition in the banking sector. Objectives: This paper has an aim to investigate the market structure and a long term equilibrium of the banking market in Bosnia and Herzegovina nationwide as well as on its constitutional entities as well as to evaluate the monopoly power of banks during the years 2008-2012. Methods/Approach: The paper is examining the market structure using the most frequently applied measures of concentration k-bank concentration ratio (CRk and Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI as well as evaluating the monopoly power of banks by employing Panzar-Rosse “H-statistic”. Results: The empirical results using CRk and HHI show that Bosnia and Herzegovina banking market has a moderately concentrated market with a concentration decreasing trend. The Panzar-Rosse “H-statistic” suggests that banks in Bosnia and Herzegovina operate under monopoly or monopolistic competition depending on the market segment. Conclusions: Banks operating on the banking market in Bosnia and Herzegovina seem to be earning their total and interest revenues under monopoly or perfectly collusive oligopoly.

  3. Discourses of Integration and Practices of Reunification at the Mostar Gymnasium, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hromadzic, Azra

    2008-01-01

    The global politics of reconciliation provide a blueprint for postconflict reconstruction projects around the world, including in South Africa, Rwanda, Northern Ireland, and Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Of these, the B&H case is of particular interest due to the extensive involvement of some of the world's most powerful states and leading…

  4. Urban IDPs and Poverty: Analysis of the Effect of Mass Forced Displacement on Urban Poverty in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Nermin Oruc

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes the effect of mass forced displacement on urban poverty in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The process of displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina involved “forced evictions”, implying no choice in displacement decision, meaning that this type of rural-urban migration was not a rational decision driven by economic motives. Consequently, this can possibly lead to a larger incidence of poverty among displaced people. The paper starts with a discussion of the specific features of the p...

  5. Measures to Improve Financial Indicators in Health Care System of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavko Vukić

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The first part of the paper analyses the financial indicators in the health care system of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The structure of total expenditure of compulsory health insurance in the period 2003-2008 was analysed by comparing the financial reports stipulated in the health care system of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina with some foreign financial indicators. According to the existing situation, the objectives and measures required for their full implementation in the following medium-term period 2009-2013 have been determined. The movements of financial indicators following the implementation of certain institutional measures have been estimated according to the flow of some indicators from the previous period (time series and in accordance with the global trends of some macroeconomic indicators (employment, GDP, etc..

  6. Funding Biodiversity Protection in Central and Eastern Europe A Case Study of Bosnia Herzegovina

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    Mirza DAUTBASIC

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Biodiversity conservation has drawn considerable attention as to where the funding is available in order for governments concerned with the conservation of biodiversity to fulfil their obligations. This paper examines if financing resources provided through Global Environmental Facility (GEF in Bosnia Herzegovina could be supplemented with locally voluntary provided funding to lead to an appropriate protection level of threatened species. A study was conducted on a 1189 persons sample to establish the local population willingness to contribute to GEF sponsored biodiversity conservation projects. It was found that the local people are willing to contribute positively higher than the actual spending of the GEF and findings can be used to argue for more attention to preferences of the public in decision making on biodiversity protection activity and spending in Bosnia Herzegovina.

  7. Clients' Perceptions Towards IT Security of e-banking in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedim Makarević

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Main objective of this research is to examine clients’ perceptions in Bosnia and Herzegovina towards IT security of e-banking, to diagnose problems and try to give proper solutions. Survey was prepared based on six variables and specific questions assigned to each variable. Response rate was good and 207 respondents were surveyed.Overall results suggested a slight agreement in general, and they indicated that when it comes to IT security of online banking, several factors including privacy, control and intangible features are highly important for clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Clients do not perceive tangible features as important as they actually are. Therefore, banks are those who need to give more effort when it comes to implementation of IT security in online banking. They definitely need to find more effective ways to inform and educate clients about IT security of using online service, and in that way create additional value.

  8. Devaluation as the instrument for recession overcoming in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeljko Maric

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Devaluation is the instrument of monetary policy which has been used very often during the 20th century. In recent time of globalization, the many limited factors (openness of the economy, capital movements, currency substitution, money illusion significantly reduce or completely make impossible the devaluation implementation as the measure for foreign trade deficit or recession overcoming in many countries. This paper discusses on positive and negative effects of devaluation in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina economy.

  9. The statehood of Bosnia-Herzegovina accoding to the Hartshorne model

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    Péter Reményi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available La condición de Estado de Bosnia-Herzegovina es examinada con la ayuda del modelo Hartshorne en este ensayo. Así, se argumenta que este Estado, en su forma actual, conserva unidas varias fuerzas, unas de carácter interno y centrífugo (que pretenden la formación de estructuras estatales aparte y otras de carácter centrípeto (que buscan mantener estos Estados unidos. Damos una pequeña visión de la caracterización y la génesis de este Estado a fin de identificar todas las fuerzas que afectan a su estructura estatal. Explicamos como a menos que una idea de Estado o la razón de ser se desarrolla, son necesarios continuos esfuerzos para proporcionar una relativa estabilidad.Palabras clave: Bosnia-Herzegovina, modelo Hartshorne, fuerzas centrífugas y centrípetas, geografía política._______________Abstract:The statehood of Bosnia-Herzegovina is examined with the help of the Hartshorne model in this paper. We argue that the state in its current form is kept together mainly by external forces, since among the internal forces the centrifugal ones (pulling states apart according to the model overrule the centripetal ones (keeping states together. We give a brief overview of the characteristics and genesis of the state in order to be able to collect the forces affecting the state. We argue that unless a state idea or raison d’être is developed, continuous external efforts are needed to provide relative stability.  Key words: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Hartshorne model, centrifugal and centripetal forces, political geography.

  10. Turkish Foreign Policy’s Bosnia and Herzegovina Exam (1990-1995)

    OpenAIRE

    Yigit Anil GÜZELİPEK

    2013-01-01

    After the collapse of Yugoslavia, the status quo within the Balkans had changed very dramatically in any aspect. In particular, the “new born” states started to attract the attention of the Turkish foreign policy in the sense of defense, security and economic interests. Taking the Turkey’s strong historical and cultural connections with Bosnia and Herzegovina under consideration it is quite possible to investigate the Turkish perspective in the frame of Alexander Wendt’s famous social constru...

  11. Belgrandiella bozidarcurcici n. sp., a new species from Bosnia and Herzegovina (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae

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    Glöer P.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A new hydrobiid snail, Belgrandiella bozidarcurcici n. sp., is described from the rheocrene and rheopsammocrene springs situated in the canyon of the Cvrcka River, a region of Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The concept of the genus Belgrandiella seems to be extremely artificial, but for the time being we keep the new species as a member of the genus based mainly on the shape of the shell of its type species, B. kusceri (Wagner, 1914.

  12. From mechanical ventilation to intensive care medicine: a challenge for Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiéry, Guillaume; Kovacević, Pedja; Straus, Slavenka; Vidovic, Jadranka; Iglica, Amer; Festic, Emir; Gajic, Ognjen

    2009-10-01

    Intensive care medicine is a relatively new specialty, which was created in the 1950's, after invent of mechanical ventilation, which allowed caring for critically ill patients who otherwise would have died. First created for treating mechanically ventilated patients, ICUs extended their scope and care to all patients with life threatening conditions. Over the years, intensive care medicine developed further and became a truly multidisciplinary speciality, encompassing patients from various fields of medicine and involving specialists from a range of base specialties, with additional (subspecialty) training in intensive care medicine. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the founding of the society of intensive care medicine in 2006, the introduction of non invasive ventilation in 2007, and opening of a multidisciplinary ICUs in Banja Luka and Sarajevo heralded a new age of intensive care medicine. The number of admissions, high severity scores and needs for mechanical ventilation during the first several months in the medical ICU in Banja Luka confirmed the need of these kinds of units in the country. In spite of still suboptimal personnel training, creation of ICUs in Bosnia and Herzegovina may serve as example for other developing countries in the region. However, in order to achieve modern ICU standards and follow European trends toward harmonisation of medicine, Bosnia and Herzegovina needs to take up this challenge by recognizing intensive care medicine as a distinctive specialty, by implementing a specific training program and by setting up multidisciplinary ICUs in acute care hospitals.

  13. The Implementation of Police Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Analysing UN and EU Efforts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amelia Padurariu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the role of the main international actors involved in the implementation of police reform in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina, notably that of the UN and the EU. Despite considerable efforts and resources deployed over 17 years, the implementation of police reform remains an ‘unfinished business’ that demonstrates the slow pace of implementing rule of law reforms in Bosnia’s post-conflict setting, yet, in the long-term, remains vital for Bosnia’s stability and post-conflict reconstruction process. Starting with a presentation of the status of the police before and after the conflict, UN reforms (1995–2002 are first discussed in order to set the stage for an analysis of the role of the EU in the implementation of police reform. Here, particular emphasis is placed on the institution-building actions of the EU police mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina deployed on the ground for almost a decade (2003-June 2012. The article concludes with an overall assessment of UN and EU efforts in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina, including the remaining challenges encountered by the EU on the ground, as the current leader to police reform implementation efforts. More generally, the article highlights that for police reform to succeed in the long-term, from 2012-onwards, the EU should pay particular attention to the political level, where most of the stumbling blocks for the implementation of police reform lie.

  14. Mobbing in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the member states of the European Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodic, V.

    2016-08-01

    Mobbing as a specific form of discrimination which applies only to the labor law, is a very young branch of labor law. It began to develop during the eighties of last century. This kind of psychoterror that appears in the workplace, was first spotted, formulated and diagnosed by the Swedish psychologist of German origin prof. Dr. Heinz Lejman (Heinz Leymann July 17, 1932.; Wolfenbuttel, Germany - 1999 Stockholm, Sweden). Today, the legal regulation of mobbing in terms of prevention, rules of behavior and sanctions is indispensable to every modern democratic state. I'll make a comparison of the legislative regulation provided by BiH with several European Union member states. I will compare the results of a survey conducted by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Condition, during the year 2000. In the European Union Member States, with the results of the questionnaire for employees, which I conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The conclusion I came to in this paper is: Bosnia and Herzegovina is lagging behind a lot of European Union member states, both in terms of prevention of mobbing, as well as legislation, that is insufficient to regulate this complex issue. Results of the questionnaire for the employees that I conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina are devastating and alarming.

  15. La herencia religiosa en la Guerra de Bosnia y Herzegovina (1992-1995

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    Marija Grujic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the summary of the master’s thesis, which I undertook at the Institute for Peace and Conflicts in Granada for the course “Culture of Peace, Conflicts, Education and Human Rights”. The focus of my master’s thesis is religious conflicts in the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995 and the role of religion in the conflict. The Balkan conflicts are well-known and until now have been quite analysed, but Spanish authors have never analysed the religious component of the conflict. Taking advantage of having in-depth knowledge of Balkan languages, literature about the issue, historical and political circumstances of the Balkan countries, the goal of this research work is to introduce Spanish readers, in a much more in-depth way, to the role that religion played in the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina. I have concluded that the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina had an important religious component and bearing in mind that this kind of peace investigation has never been developed before, this can be considered as an important contribution of this research work.

  16. INTRAPRENEURSHIP IMPACT ON GROWTH OF PRODUCTION COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Muzafer Brigić

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Growth and development are among the main goals of every company. A dedication to the activities which create conditions for growth and development is an important management operation. Entrepreneurial activity provides prerequisites so that growth and development can be achieved. In large and existing companies, entrepreneurial activity presents intrapreneurship. The subject of this paper is to what extent are intrapreneurial activities present in production companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, we explored organizational prerequisites for intensifying the impact of intrapreneurship, and the impact of intrapreneurial activities on company growth. Primary research was conducted in the field using the survey as a tool for data collection. By interviewing people we obtained the answer to the question, to what extent is intrapreneurship developed in the production companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina in terms of two key dimensions of intrapreneurship: innovation and autonomy of action, and their impact on the growth of production companies. Additionally, we reached an answer as to what is necessary to do in the field of management of the companies in order to create assumptions for intensifying the intrapreneurial activities of those companies. The sample represented 50 major production companies in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. We used statistical methods of data processing: descriptive analysis, factor analysis, regression, and correlation. By analyzing the results of the research, we confirmed the hypothesis that the implementation of intrapreneurial activities has a positive effect on the development of production companies. Recommendations were given in order to improve organizational presumptions for intensive intrapreneurial activities.

  17. EFFECTS OF CHANGES IN FOREIGN DEBT INDICATORS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Almir Alihodžić

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Foreign trade indicators change in response to the global financial crisis and ultimately have a major impact on fiscal sustainability. Likewise, the increase in the budget deficit and public debt affects the growth of long-term and short-term interest rates, and the overall fiscal stability. The main objective of this paper is to review the impact of the global financial crisis on the tendency of the public debt in Bosnia and Herzegovina and various Western Balkans countries. Specifically, as the Maastricht criteria established a 60% of GDP debt limit, the paper will analyse the given limit, and the interdependence of imports in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the public debt of the general government sector by a simple regression analysis for the period 2008–2012. Thus, the regression model will be used to assess the dependence of the public debt of the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina due to the increase of imports and exports of goods, as well as well as conditionality of export of goods and income.

  18. The influence of negative climate changes on physical development of urban and rural areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Rahman NURKOVIĆ

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The influence of negative climate changes on physical development of urban and rural areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina has been analysed in the paper. So, economy and society in urban and rural areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina are susceptible to environmental consequences of climate changes. In practice, this means that poorer countries in development of economic activities will suffer most due to climate changes, while some developed countries can be in a position to use new commercial possibilities. Presently, there is a significant scientific consensus that human activity affected the increase of atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases, respectively the carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone and chlorofluorocarbon, as a result of global changes of climate that will probably change dramatically during the next centuries in Bosnia and Herzegovina. More and more intensive industrialisation and urbanisation, as well as tourism, a growing phenomenon of the 21st century, have numerous negative direct, indirect and multiplicative effects on flora and fauna habitats of Bosnia and Herzegovina. For all mentioned above, this paper tries to indicate to a need for more significant investing into tourism development, which is presently at a very low level of development in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the past ten years a dynamical development of tertiary activities in urban and rural areas has been distinguished; among which shopping centres take a significant position. 

  19. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Prospective Member of the European Union and Strategic Partner with the United States of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    autonomy: the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina? The Dayton Peace Agreement was a very important political act, which stopped one...and Herzegovina were in favor of establishing state level institutions. However, parties from the Republika Srpska emphasized the importance of...transfer authority from local to state institutions. Politicians from the Republika Srpska have also been the most serious obstacle to recent reforms in

  20. Extreme Case of Crisis: Definitions of War Violence in Narratives of Survivors from the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Basic, Goran

    2015-01-01

    The starting point of this article is the war that took place in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina and more specifi cally interpersonal interpretations of violence and the biographical impact of war-time violence. Serbian soldiers and police targeted their use of violent force directly against the civilian populations in northwestern Bosnia. In their quest to expel Bosniacs and Croats from this area, Serbian soldiers and police used mass executions, forced flight, systematic rape, and conce...

  1. Bosnia and Herzegovina; Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2002-01-01

    This 2001 Article IV Consultation highlights that after several years of double-digit growth rates, real GDP for Bosnia and Herzegovina increased by about 5.5 percent in 2001. The growth slowdown was particularly marked in the Republika Srpska, where output grew by just 2 percent. The slowdown—which is partly owing to lower aid-financed reconstruction spending—marks the end of the post-war economic rebound. Industrial production is still less than half its pre-war level and measured unemp...

  2. New records of water mites (Acari: Hydrachnidia and Halacaroidea from Bosnia and Herzegovina, with description of a new species, Aturus gordani

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pešić Vladimir M.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A presented faunistic catalogue of water mites (Acari: Hydrachnidia and Halacaroidea from Republic of Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina is based on all published data and numerous new records from the investigated area. Twenty two species were identified, 12 of which new to Bosnia and Herzegovina and one species Mideopsis roztoczensis was recorded for the first time in the Balkans. The species Aturus gordani was described as new to science; halacarid mites were recorded (Acari: Halacaroidea for the first time in the fauna of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The ecological significance of the new records was briefly discussed.

  3. Variability of Norway spruce morphometric characteristics in progeny tests in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Cvjetković Branislav

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of an analysis of morphometric characteristics of Norway spruce seedlings in the progeny tests in Bosnia and Herzegovina, localities: Drinić and Srebrenica. Progeny tests were established by using seedlings originating from six natural populations from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Seedling height, root collar and whorl distance from the ground, which represents seedling heights in 2011, 2012 and 2013 were measured. The results indicate statistically significant differences between the analyzed characteristics of the observed population. Especially interesting are the populations Potoci and Olovo, which showed the highest growth during the observed period in both progeny tests. The impact of the drought in 2013 can be seen in the progeny test in Srebrenica where height growth in 2013 was lower by more than 50% in comparison to 2012. The impact of drought in the progeny test in Drinić was not observed. The research provides the baseline when selecting the starting population, where the rapid growth of seedlings is set as the main goal.

  4. Important project financing by issue of bonds in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Lazar Dreč

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the development of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina based on the opening of infrastructure facilities for which funding is proposed to incorporate the issue of securities, primarily government bonds because there is a real basis for its demand deriving by banks, citizens and other organizations and institutions. The basic conditions for the functioning model of financing development and strategic projects by issuing securities herein include: a accelerate reforms and create the legal framework that will allow the establishment of important missing institutions for the business sector, b more efficient functioning of the executive and legislative bodies in Bosnia and Herzegovina on creating a favourable business environment, c the implementation of identified strategic commitment from all levels of government in relation to the creation of a single economic space, labour market, harmonization of entity policies and other policies that influence the overall business environment, d the development of infrastructure projects and power facilities, and e the inclusion of private funding and knowledge aimed at improving the construction and management of roads.

  5. Social exclusion of the young from the labour market in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomić Velinka

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The population of young people in Bosnia and Herzegovina is confronted with many challenges - economic, institutional and social. The participation of young people in education drops significantly after they turn 18, while entry into the labour market happens around 20 years of age. Unemployment mostly affects people with lower education levels, such as those with a secondary school degree or qualified workers. The youth unemployment rate, the most commonly used indicator of the disadvantages faced by young people in the labour market, is very high in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The single most significant factor affecting the labour market experiences of young people is the extensive informal economy in the country. Active Labour Market Policy for young people attempts to reduce the problems faced by young people in their attempts to find decent work once they enter the labour market. They attempt to remedy failures of the educational system and to improve the efficiency of labour market matching. The percentage of unemployed youth is of great importance because the youth are in the age when the ability and motivation for work are at their peak. Any society that excludes half of its population from the sphere of work acts against public interest.

  6. Sudden infant death syndrome: a case report in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Dragan Ćajić

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS is an idiopathic condition that affects seemingly healthy infants under one year of age, whose death remains unexplained after the performance of a complete postmortem examination, toxicological analyses, genetic testing, death scene investigation, and a review of the mother’s and infant’s medical history. Detailed epidemiological, pathological, and forensic information has been reported regarding SIDS from the developed countries. However, SIDS information from developing countries is either widely scattered or non-existent. This is the first published case report of SIDS from the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A previously healthy 3 months old, white male infant was found dead after being placed to sleep in the prone position. The features of this case report closely parallel the classical features of SIDS cited in the world literature. The infant was healthy, male, between the ages of 2-12 months, discovered in the prone position and had a negative postmortem investigation. It is important for developing countries such as Bosnia and Herzegovina to conduct detailed forensic investigations of deaths from SIDS and provide epidemiological, pathological, and circumstances of that information to the world’s collective knowledge.

  7. Causes of inefficient collection of social contribution in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the need solutions

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    Slavko Vukić

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The first part of the paper briefly analyzes the theoretical framework of taxes and social insurance contributions, as well as characteristics of tax and contributions evasion. The second part looks into the issue and causes of poor collection of social security contributions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in particular in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The paper highlights the problem of poor coordination between social insurance funds and tax authorities, inadequate legislation on calculation and collection of contributions, as well as bellow-par work and organization of inspection authorities. Based on the above, a number of concrete proposals for more efficient collection of contributions are put forward. These proposals aim to improve the efficiency of collection of social insurance contributions by creating a better system of registration of persons subject to paying social insurance contributions, improving the collection of and reporting on contributions which requires institutional reforms, as well as new or amended legislation on determining contribution base and rates.

  8. Products of in Situ Corrosion of Depleted Uranium Ammunition in Bosnia and Herzegovina Soils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yuheng; von Gunten, Konstantin; Bartova, Barbora; Meisser, Nicolas; Astner, Markus; Burger, Mario; Bernier-Latmani, Rizlan

    2016-11-15

    Hundreds of tons of depleted uranium (DU) ammunition were used in previous armed conflicts in Iraq, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia/Kosovo. The majority (>90%) of DU penetrators miss their target and, if left in the environment, corrode in these postconflict zones. Thus, the best way to understand the fate of bulk DU material in the environment is to characterize the corrosion products of intact DU penetrators under field conditions for extended periods of time. However, such studies are scarce. To fill this knowledge gap, we characterized corrosion products formed from two intact DU penetrators that remained in soils in Bosnia and Herzegovina for over seven years. We used a combination of X-ray powder diffraction, electron microscopy, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The results show that metaschoepite (UO3(H2O)2) was a main component of the two DU corrosion products. Moreover, studtite ((UO2)O2(H2O)2·2(H2O)) and becquerelite (Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6·8(H2O)) were also identified in the corrosion products. Their formation through transformation of metaschoepite was a result of the geochemical conditions under which the penetrators corroded. Moreover, we propose that the transformation of metaschoepite to becquerelite or studtite in the DU corrosion products would decrease the potential for mobilization of U from corroded DU penetrators exposed to similar environments in postconflict areas.

  9. Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) as a potential reservoir host of cardiorespiratory parasites in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodžić, Adnan; Alić, Amer; Klebić, Ismar; Kadrić, Mirsad; Brianti, Emanuele; Duscher, Georg Gerhard

    2016-06-15

    Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is considered as reservoir of different cardiorespiratory parasites of veterinary and medical importance. Since data on cardiorespiratory parasites in foxes in Bosnia and Herzegovina are still lacking, the aims of the present study were to (i) investigate the prevalence and geographical distribution of these parasites, (ii) determine genetic diversity of detected parasite species, and (iii) to estimate the role of foxes in the transmission cycle to companion animals and humans. Four species, morphologically and molecularly identified as Eucoleus boehmi (64.6%; 51/79), Eucoleus aerophilus (69.7%; 154/221), Crenosoma vulpis (45.7%; 101/221) and Linguatula serrata (1.3%; 1/79) were retrieved from nasal cavity and lungs in 184 (83.3%) animals. The occurrence of heartworms, Angiostrongylus vasorum and Dirofilaria immitis was not detected by necropsy or PCR. Furthermore, three distinct haplotypes of E. aerophilus (I, III, XV) and two of C. vulpis (I, II) previously reported in pet animals and wild carnivores were confirmed in this study. A new haplotype of C. vulpis (designated as haplotype V) was also identified based on 12S rRNA gene for the first time. The present study indicates a high prevalence and wide distribution of nasal and lung nematodes in fox population in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and supports the existence of transmission patterns between wildlife and pet animals.

  10. VIRTUAL MUSEUM APPLICATIONS AND THEIR PUBLIC PERCEPTION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    S. Rizvic

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina always has been a place where the East meets the West. Over 1000 years, different cultures, religions and civilizations have left their remains in this small country in Western Balkans. Despite all wars and tragic destructions, today in the heart of Sarajevo one can find mosques, Catholic and Orthodox churches and Jewish synagogues next to each other and people of different nations and religions living together in mutual respect and friendship. Multiethnic spirit of Bosnia and Herzegovina lives through its cultural heritage. Therefore our task is to ensure its presentation and preservation using Information and Communications Technologies (ICT. So far researchers have achieved significant results by creating several virtual museums. In this paper we will present the Museum of Bosnian Traditional Objects, Digital Catalogue of Stecaks and the Virtual Museum of Sarajevo Assassination, giving an overview of the process of creating virtual environments from multiple data sources based on various 3D digitization technologies: some based on traditional 3D modeling, other based on laser scanning or photogrametric techniques.

  11. THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP ON THE INCREASE OF SOCIAL INCLUSION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Anita Šimundža

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Social entrepreneurship is an idea that has awakened much interest in recent decades, because it is based on different approaches of classical economic understanding. Initiatives of social entrepreneurship are always associated with humane ideas, aiming at the general social well-being, as opposed to traditional entrepreneurship, in which the profit is the primary goal and the main measure of success. Human Development Report: Social Inclusion in Bosnia and Herzegovina showed that over 50% of the population was socially excluded, on various grounds. Among the most vulnerable were the persons with disabilities and young people. Bearing in mind these facts, the main goal of our research was to explore and to present possibilities for overcoming social exclusion through highlighting the influence of the development of small and medium enterprises on the increase of social inclusion. The research included a survey among 20 institutions related to the field of social entrepreneurship, 100 non-governmental organizations and 100 small and medium enterprises. By using simple logarithmic regression, we partially confirmed that development of small and medium enterprises significantly influences the increase of social inclusion in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  12. Assessing Credit Default using Logistic Regression and Multiple Discriminant Analysis: Empirical Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Deni Memić

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article has an aim to assess credit default prediction on the banking market in Bosnia and Herzegovina nationwide as well as on its constitutional entities (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. Ability to classify companies info different predefined groups or finding an appropriate tool which would replace human assessment in classifying companies into good and bad buckets has been one of the main interests on risk management researchers for a long time. We investigated the possibility and accuracy of default prediction using traditional statistical methods logistic regression (logit and multiple discriminant analysis (MDA and compared their predictive abilities. The results show that the created models have high predictive ability. For logit models, some variables are more influential on the default prediction than the others. Return on assets (ROA is statistically significant in all four periods prior to default, having very high regression coefficients, or high impact on the model's ability to predict default. Similar results are obtained for MDA models. It is also found that predictive ability differs between logistic regression and multiple discriminant analysis.

  13. Virtual Museum Applications and Their Public Perception in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizvic, S.; Sadzak, A.; Ramic-Brkic, B.; Hulusic, V.

    2011-09-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina always has been a place where the East meets the West. Over 1000 years, different cultures, religions and civilizations have left their remains in this small country in Western Balkans. Despite all wars and tragic destructions, today in the heart of Sarajevo one can find mosques, Catholic and Orthodox churches and Jewish synagogues next to each other and people of different nations and religions living together in mutual respect and friendship. Multiethnic spirit of Bosnia and Herzegovina lives through its cultural heritage. Therefore our task is to ensure its presentation and preservation using Information and Communications Technologies (ICT). So far researchers have achieved significant results by creating several virtual museums. In this paper we will present the Museum of Bosnian Traditional Objects, Digital Catalogue of Stecaks and the Virtual Museum of Sarajevo Assassination, giving an overview of the process of creating virtual environments from multiple data sources based on various 3D digitization technologies: some based on traditional 3D modeling, other based on laser scanning or photogrametric techniques.

  14. THE NATIONAL MINORITY CONSULTATIVE MECHANISMS - THE COUNCILS OF NATIONAL MINORITIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Aleksandar Čorni

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article tries to explore the practical application of the soft law, in concrete terms, the documents adopted by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, referring to the models of participation of national minorities in public life in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The objective of the research was to assess the legal and political grounds for functioning national minority councils as participation and consultative mechanisms, scope of responsibilities and capacities in relation to their effectiveness and impact and to identify relevant good practices on such mechanisms. The political and decision-making structures in Bosnia and Herzegovina demonstrated lack of actual commitment to the realization of the rights of minorities referring to participation in decision-making processes. Bearing in mind formal position within parliaments, visibility, and a significant promotional capacity for presence in the public sphere, the councils on national minorities may represent a significant body and channel for the minority – majority dialogue. However, at the moment, the national minority councils’ capacity to ensure participation of national minorities in Bosnian political life and their influence in decision-making process remains insufficient. In general, the consultative mechanisms, within their mandated responsibilities, have had insignificant and minimal impact on the practical, political and legislative segment.

  15. The public administration reform in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina: a reform process embedded in a sovereignty paradox

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Milovich, L.; Ossewaarde, M.R.R.

    2013-01-01

    As the post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina has turned its interest towards a European Union membership, it has entered an accession process requiring it, among other things, to reform its public administration system. The European Union's involvement within the reform has been placed under critique, as

  16. Bombs Over Bosnia: The Role of Airpower in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-06-01

    Bosnian Serbs in the areas of Sarajevo and the strategic Posavina corridor that linked Serbia with the northern Bosnian Serb stronghold around Banja Luka ...within artillery range of the largest Bosnian Serb town of Banja Luka , before Mladic agreed to move his equipment from around Sarajevo. Combined with...more secure positions around Banja Luka . Amazingly, they now controlled almost exactly 49% of Bosnia, the percentage called for in the proposed peace

  17. PERINATAL OUTCOME OF PRETERM INFANTS IN FEDERATION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Skokić Fahrija

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Despite growing progress of perinatal medicine and perinatal care, between 9-19% of preterm infants are born each year. Improvement in survival of infants and the reduction in infant mortality rates is a key role of perinatal quality healthcare. The Aim: To evaluate the perinatal outcome of preterm infants in maternity wards of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina for a period of one year. Material and methods: Of 22 897 live newborns, the research criteria matched 669 (2.9% preterm infants with complete medical records in ten cantons of the Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina. We analyzed data from maternity wards documentation and discharge letters from tertiary health care centers. Results: Most deliveries were in the Tuzla and Sarajevo Canton with 42.5% of preterm infants. The mean gestational age of preterm infants was 31.4 weeks, with SD ± 5.34, and the mean birth weight 1295 grams, SD ± 234.2. The mean Apgar score was 4.6 ± 2.1, and in the fifth minute 6.6 ± 1.9.Of 669 examinees, there were 345 (51.56% males and 324 (48.44% females (51.56 vs 48.44; χ 2 = 1.19; P = 0.27. By analyzing the frequency of preterm infant birth rate according to weight categories, we found a significant difference in some levels of perinatal health institution, between the 1st and 2nd institutions levels (1.76% vs 3.01%; P< 0.0001, also between 2nd and 3rd institutions levels (3.01% vs 3.03%; P < 0.0002, and between 1st and 3rd institutions levels (1.76% vs 3.03%; P < 0.0001. A significant statistical difference in survival of tested newborns was found in institutions of 3rd level χ 2 = 49.25; P < 0.0001 with a low risk for unfavorable outcome [OR = 0.436; 95%CI (0.346-0.550]. Conclusion: Perinatal outcome of preterm infants in the Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina significantly depends on the level of perinatal health care. Survival rate of infants born in the institutions of the 3rd level was statistically much higher than the survival

  18. Ethnical distance of the citizens of Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the nations of former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    OpenAIRE

    Puhalo Srđan

    2003-01-01

    The paper presents the study of Ethnical distance with the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The study was made using Bogardus' scale of social distance, on 1000 interviewees of the Federation of BiH and 850 interviewees of Republika Srpska. The citizens of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina reject the Romas the most, followed by the Albanians and Macedonians. This is followed by the Serbs and Montenegrians, while Slovenians and Croats are the least rejected. Prejudices of the citizen...

  19. Professional Opinions And Attitudes On Tax Policy In Bosnia And Herzegovina With A Special Focus On The Federation Of Bosnia And Herzegovina1

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    Lazović-Pita Lejla

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is based on tax policy opinion survey data collected in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H among tax experts. A special focus of the survey was to investigate the consequences of the different institutional environments that exist between the two entities of the country. After having reviewed all previous tax reforms in B&H, the most interesting results suggest that respondents agree on the introduction of a progressive personal income tax (PIT and excise duty on luxury products, the maintenance of personal and family allowances and the maintenance of the current value added tax (VAT and corporate income tax (CIT rates. However, differences exist in the respondents’ perceptions about the introduction of reduced VAT rates, the regressivity of the VAT, and giving priority to the equity principle over the efficiency principle in taxation. Probability modelling highlighted these differences and indicated inconsistencies in the definition of the PIT tax base, namely the comprehensiveness of the PIT base under the S-H-S definition of income.

  20. RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES AND THEIR POTENTIAL ROLE IN MITIGATION OF CLIMATE CHANGES AND AS A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT DRIVER IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Petar M Gvero

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina have significant physical potential regarding to renewable energy sources. Hydro, biomass, geothermal, wind, and solar potential can play important role in the whole state economy. Bosnia and Herzegovina is Non-Annex I country according to UNFCCC and according to that it is obligated to participate in the global efforts in order to reduce green house gases emission. This paper gives some analysis of the physical, technological, economic, and market potential of renewable energy sources in Bosnia and Herzegovina and their potential role in mitigation of climate changes. Paper also gives the analysis of the potential connections between renewable energy sources and sustainable development of the economy, taking in to consideration specific political structure of the state. Bosnia and Herzegovina is consisting from two entities: Republic of Srpska and Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Brcko District; energy sector and climate changes mitigation measures are under their jurisdiction. According to that some of this paper results can be useful for the improvement of entity and state strategies with the final aim to place renewable energy sources on the right position, as some of the major economy drivers, not only in Bosnia and Herzegovina, but in whole region.

  1. Ethnic stereotypes among Bosniak and Serbian youth in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Turjačanin Vladimir

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This research, which used a sample of 407 members of both Bosniak and Serb nationality in Sarajevo and Banja Luka, analyzes the structure and content of ethnic stereotypes of Bosnia and Herzegovina's youth. The results reveal significant negative stereotypes of Bosniak and Serb youth toward one another, but also show conspicuous similarities regarding their stereotypes toward other ethnic groups. The concluding remarks set forth theoretical and pragmatic consequences of the results obtained. It can be concluded that people are clearly divided into groups based on the ethnicity criterion. This, substantiated by the earlier history of conflict, creates perceptions and assessments saturated by negative attributes, and can lead to potential conflicts in future. The research suggests that possible solution lies in a conflict resolution education, greater interethnic communication.

  2. Consociation in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Practical Implementation of the Theoretical Principles

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    Midhat IZMIRLIJA

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina, as a (postconflict society, is based on minimum consensus which equals “consent to peace” where most citizens and political elites refuse the necessary improvement of the existing system. The principle of belonging to a certain ethnic group dominates in a divided society, thus becoming the base for political organisation. In a consociational democracy, political competition does not take place between ethnic groups, but within each ethnic group, while the decision-making process is shifted to a close circle of political elites, primarily in the circle of ethnic group leaders. The problem of building a sustainable and functional state is recognised, principally, with the fact that the consociational democracy in BiH is reduced to the preservation of peace, without standing a chance that at a certain point it would turn to a classic democratic system.

  3. Cloud Computing - Compliance with Regulatory Prescribed Data Protection Measures in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    HAMIDOVIĆ HARIS

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The rapid emergence of cloud computing has raised concerns about its legal and regulatory implications. Issues of data protection and security are among the concerns most frequently mentioned by potential cloud customers. If sensitive company data are stored, processed or transmitted in a cloud environment, data protection and other laws will apply to that environment too. The allocation of responsibility between client and provider for managing security controls does not exempt a client from the responsibly of ensuring that their sensitive data is properly secured according to applicable law requirements. In this regard, it is necessary to get appropriate assurance that cloud service provider information security management system covers the security of the computers and computing environment that it uses in processing sensitive company data. This paper addresses the issues of compliance with regulatory prescribed data protection measures in Bosnia and Herzegovina in cloud environment.

  4. Occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Adnan Hodžić

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence and distribution of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis among free-living red foxes (Vulpes vulpes in Bosnia and Herzegovina. For this purpose, a total of 123 fecal samples fromred foxes, shot during hunting seasons between January 2011 and March 2012 were examined using immunofluorescent microscopy. Overall, observed prevalences of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis were 3.2 % (4/123 and 7.3% (9/123, respectively. The results show that foxes might play the role of potential reservoirs of Cryptosporidium and Giardia parasites, but further molecular analysis are necessary to elucidate the source of infection, routes of transmission and zoonotic potential of these two pathogens.

  5. Impact of Training and Development on Employees Performance in Bosnia And Herzegovina

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    Serkan Bayraktaroglu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Companies today are forced to compete and to act professionally in those harsh times, so it is very important to have right employees for better company`s rating. It is crucial that staff needs to have better knowledge, skills and competencies. More and more companies are acknowledging Human Resources (training and development as their main key for success and bigger focus is on employee – customer relation. Main objective of this study was to find out impact of training and development on employee’s performance and Bosnia and Herzegovina was taken as an example. This study was back grounded by the two different questionnaires one for the employees and one for the managers or owners of the companies. Results revealed that there is a huge impact on employee’s performance when it comes to the training programs and employees are fully aware that training programs give them better knowledge, improved skills and ideas for future career paths.

  6. Ongoing rubella outbreak in Bosnia and Herzegovina, March-July 2009--preliminary report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novo, A; Huebschen, J M; Muller, C P; Tesanovic, M; Bojanic, J

    2009-10-01

    Between 24 March and 31 July 2009, 342 clinically diagnosed cases of rubella were notified in five municipalities in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Fourteen cases were laboratory-confirmed by positive IgG against rubella virus. Four virus isolates were obtained and identified as genotype 2B strains, with one isolate differing by a single mutation in the region of the E1 gene. This ongoing outbreak revealed gaps in the immunisation programme during the war in BiH (1992-1995) and highlights the need to revise legislation to permit immunisation of children above 14 years of age with measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine and to introduce supplemental immunisation activities.

  7. The Market and Institutional Value Attachments to Sustainable Return of Human Capital to Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Aleksandar BOZIC

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This study explores the main characteristics of potentials and challenges of the brain grain process in a post conflict and transitional situation, by reflecting the various views and perspectives of the relevant stakeholders in the field o migration from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. The focus is on highly skilled tertiary graduates’ returnees from BiH and the assessment of their skills and knowledge recognition within the labour market and public administration. The study concludes that even though it has been widely estimated that advanced countries can significantly benefit regarding country's productivity from temporary movements of tertiary migrants, societies that challenge serious human capital flow can negatively value the potential benefits of the highly skilled returnees, while their advanced skills and knowledge most likely remains unrecognized.

  8. Strategic quality management on business to business market in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Kenan Uštović

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Product and service quality has increasingly seen as a crucial factor of competitiveness, not only for individual companies, but for entire industries too. Using specific resources and capabilities companies can take a chance to delight their customers. This paper presents new sales model developed by authors, which includes all necessary steps related to sales process. Customer-Oriented Sales (COS Model considers opportunity that company differentiates itself and become market leader. This paper includes research about companies engaged in B2B sale in Bosnia and Herzegovina and their willingness to use quality as differentiation tool. As a method of research we used data collection questionnaire. It is important to notice that the quality is not the purpose of itself. Investments in quality without recognition of customer needs can also be ineffective. Taking into account all anticipated results, we will make a conclusion about possibilities that companies’ incorporate COS Model in their business system.

  9. Dairy Production in Bosnia and Herzegovina over The Past Quarter Century

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    Vedad SAKIC

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of agricultural production is one of the economic priorities for Bosnia and Herzegovina. The dairy sector, including primary animal products and processed dairy foods, is a core sector for agricultural development. In 2006 the agriculture sector contributed about 10.4% of GDP, in 2008 8.4%, 2009 7.8%, 2011 8.7% and 2012 8.2%. Dairy farming dominates agricultural production and total livestock production contributes almost 60% of agricultural GDP. Milk production should be primarily directed towards cheaper and better quality of products. This is possible with active credit lines, more investment in the modernization and expansion of existing production capacity, as well as with construction of new large specialized farms, and new technologies, especially in the way of housing and handling of animals, nutrition, hygiene, etc. Current work is a brief review of the dairy sector at the past quarter century prepared by using data from different sources.

  10. SYSTEMATIC RISK ASSESMENT USING OLS METHOD - THE CASE OF THE CAPITAL MARKET OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Azra Zaimović

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Sharpe-Lintner Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM implies a simple linear equation for pricing risky financial assets, individually and in portfolios. CAPM finds that the relevant risk measure of individual financial assets held as a portion of a well-diversified portfolio is not a variance (or a standard deviation of financial assets, as proposed by the Modern Portfolio Theory, but a contribution of financial assets to the portfolio variance, measured by the financial asset beta. Beta coefficient is the measure of the systematic risk of risky assets.This paper explores beta coefficients of stocks of the Bosnia and Herzegovina capital market. This capital market is new and underdeveloped, with a modest supply of securities and with a small number of marketable securities. It is interesting to explore whether the beta coefficients of domestic stocks are efficient and whether they could be used in portfolio management.The paper employs the OLS method to estimate the standard Sharpe-Linter CAPM model. As in most other new markets, this market has a non-synchronous trading problem, which determined the selection of the sample used in the econometric analysis. A representative sample of stocks with satisfactory marketability is analyzed over a five-year period, i.e. 2005–2009. The basic hypothesis of the research is: beta coefficient as a measure of systematic risk is a relevant risk measure for the capital market of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A special aim of the paper is to explore whether estimated models satisfy the presumptions of the linear regression model, which is being examined using a series of diagnostic tests. The results of this paper can be widely used and have significant implications for business purposes. Special attention is dedicated to estimating efficient beta coefficients that may be considered as reliable in a wide use of the CAPM model in financial practice.

  11. Incidence of hospital mortality in polytrauma patients in a tertiary center in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Hadžan Konjo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In the late 70s of the last century, the mortality rate due to polytrauma amounted to 40%. This led to a new approach to this patient category with the goal of improving the treatment outcome.  According to the German trauma register, the rate of mortality in polytrauma at the end of the last century was 18.6%. The goal of this study is to determine the incidence of hospital mortality in polytrauma patients in a tertiary institution in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: We analyzed patient medical records from the Intensive Care Unit of the Clinic of Orthopedics and Traumatology at University Clinical Center Sarajevo, from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012.Results:  There were 70 polytrauma patients in 2012, with average age 47.55 (range 8-77 years. Half of the patients were younger than 50 years. Age groups most frequently affected were 61 and older (25.7%, 51-60 years (24.3%, and 31-40 years (21.4%. Lethal outcome occurred in 10 patients (14.3%, while 60 patients (85.7% survived and were treated until discharge or transfer to a different department.  The average Injury Severity Score (ISS in patients with lethal outcome was 71.50, while in survivors was 37.  The largest percentage of lethal outcomes was recorded in cases of traffic accidents.Conclusion: The mortality rate among hospitalized polytrauma patients in the tertiary institution in Bosnia and Herzegovina is similar to reported mortality rates in other countries with developed healthcare system.  

  12. The attitudes of pharmacists and physicians in Bosnia and Herzegovina towards adverse drug reaction reporting

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    Tarik Catic

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs are threat to the patient’s safety and the quality of life, and they increase the cost of health care. Spontaneous ADR reporting system mainly relies on physicians, but also pharmacists, nurses, and even patients. The aim of this study was to explore attitudes, barriers, and possible improvements to ADR reporting practices in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was developed to collect data on the perception of pharmacovigilance practice and ADR reporting. The survey was conducted in the period between September, 2014 and October, 2014.Results: The response rate was 73% (44 of 60 and 93% (148 of 160 among the pharmacist and family medicine physician groups, respectively. Regarding the attitudes to pharmacovigilance practice and reporting, both the pharmacists and physicians found the practices important. The majority of pharmacists and physicians in year 2014 did not report any ADR, while 18% of the pharmacists and 12% of the physicians, who participated in this study, reported one ADR. Reporting procedure, uncertainty, and their exposure were the main barriers to reporting ADRs for the pharmacists. The physicians claimed lack of knowledge to whom to report an ADR as the main barrier. A significant number of the respondents thought that additional education in ADR reporting would have a positive impact, and would increase the ADR reporting rate.Conclusions: Despite the overall positive attitude towards ADR reporting, the reporting rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina is still low. Different barriers to the ADR reporting have been identified, and there is also the need for improvements in the traditional education in this field.

  13. Internet Transparentnost u Finansijskom Sektoru Bosne i Hercegovine/ Internet Transparency in Financial Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Zlatković Matea

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Raising the quality of corporate governance has a direct positive impact on company’s market value, allowing the use of variety of forms of financing: national and international, public and private, which strengthen their long-term development. The purpose of this paper is to explore the Internet transparency in banks and insurance companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina and detect the differences between the banking and insurance sectors in terms of transparency in certain areas of corporate governance. The necessary data for the study were obtained by reviewing corporate websites. The results of discrimination analysis show that there is a difference in the internet transparency between banking and insurance sectors in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  14. Pruritus in hemodialysis patients: Results from Fresenius dyalisis center, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Zoran Vrucinic

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Uremic pruritus (UP is a common and distressing complication of end-stage renal disease (ESRD. Aglobal cross-sectional study of 18,000 hemodialysis patientsreported a 42% prevalence of moderate or extreme UP, which was strongly associated with sleep disturbance, depression, impaired quality of life, and mortality. Pruritus is commonly encountered in individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD on hemodialysis (HD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in order to find out the prevalence of pruritus in patients on regular maintenance hemodialysis (HD as well as to analyze its relationship to age, sex of the patient, duration of hemodialysis in months per patient, serum levels of phosphate, PTH, KT/V (index of dialysis dose, parameters in the beggining of the study and six months after. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics- Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and Chi-square test with Yates correction factor. Results: Sixty and two patients with ESRD (age ranging from 31 to 87years free from systemic, skin or psychiatric disorders and other secondary causes attributable to pruritis, undergoing maintenance HD (duration on HD 4-348months; mean 86.97 and median 79,5months at Fresenius dialysis center, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina were evaluated for pruritus. Pruritus has been discovered in 21 out of 34males (54,8% and 6 out of 28females (22,2%. Our study as many others showed that pruritus is very common (45.2% in HD patients. Applying c2 test with Yates correction factor is highly statistically significant (c2 = 8.003, p = 0.005 by gender. Research of the gender revealed that pruritus appeared more in men analysis. There were no significant differences between other measured markers: to age, duration of hemodialysis in months per patient, serum levels of phosphate, PTH, KT/V (index of dialysis dose in patients with pruritus and in patients without pruritus. Conclusions:This first cross-sectional study

  15. Some characteristics of social interactions among adolescents in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia

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    Klarin M

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Mira Klarin,1 Ana Pororokovic,2 Slavica Šimic Šašic,1 Violeta Arnaudova31Department of Teacher and Preschool Teacher Education, University of Zadar, Zadar, Croatia; 2Department of Psychology, University of Zadar, Zadar, Croatia; 3Faculty of Philosophy, Department of Psychology, University of Ciril and Method, Skopje, MacedoniaIntroduction: The bioecological model refers to the basic social needs that a person has satisfied through social interactions. In individualist cultures, the need for independence is emphasized with the aim of self-realization and personal achievement. In collectivist cultures, togetherness is encouraged and it prevails over individuality.Aim: The aim of this study was to determine whether there were differences in adolescents (n = 1033 from three different cultural environments (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia with regard to the various aspects of the social interactions and behaviors these adolescents exercise with their parents and friends.Methods: Three groups of questionnaires were used: those that measure family interactions (the quality of family interactions, loneliness in the family, and family influence; those that assess peer interactions (quality of friendships, social loneliness, and influence of friendships; and those that examined behavioral variables (self-esteem, aggression, and prosocialness.Results: Discriminant analysis has shown that there are two significant functions that differentiate subjects from the three different cultural environments. The first discriminant function that adequately discriminates between subjects in all three cultural environments is related to social and family loneliness and the influence of friends. Loneliness in the family, social loneliness, and influence of friends are most prevalent among adolescents in Macedonia and least among adolescents in Croatia. The second function that distinguished adolescents in Croatia from those in the other two cultural

  16. Bosnia and Herzegovina General Elections, 2010: Analysis of Pre-Election Rhetoric

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    Adis Arapovic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina, as a postconflict and transitional country with sui generis political system of low efficiency, creates and conducts its politics in a specific ambient of reduced sovereignty and responsibility of domestic institutions and other political subjects. Such political ambient is suitable to proliferation of nationalistic, confrontational and anti-constitutional rhetoric and practices, which reach its peak during period of pre-election campaigns.Unfinished legislative election framework, purposeful obstruction of international election standards and domestic legislative on behalf of most of political subjects, deficiency of professional and independent media, undeveloped civic society, and politicized and undercapacitated institutions which are involved with subject of regularity of the election process, are the reason for lack of candidate's will for constitutional, legislative and ethical behavious during pre-election campaign.Due to this, pre-election campaign of most of political subjects is mainly negative, and not focused on elementary questions of standard of living and priority challenges of state and society (necessary constitutional reforms, Euro-Atlantic integrations, structural economic reforms, unemployment etc., but on mutual confrontations, stress on big political questions of the status of entities and constituent nations, then on nationalistic rhetorics of negating consitutional and historical facts, and on mutual ungrounded discreditation, which generates atmosphere of fear, national homogenization and searching of the culprit for bad situation in society, inside of other national corpus, and not among own political representtatives.

  17. The Impact of Brand Equity Assets on Consumer Preference for Foreign Brands in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ena Kumbara

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In the free market consumers are faced with a different variation while they making purchase decision. Brand as a term, name, and symbol gives quality and satisfy needs of consumers and on that way assure self recognition. Main objective of this study is to determine the factors which influence consumers to buy international brands rather than national brands. This study has four independent variables and one dependent variable. Data for this study will be collected using online surveys based on the previous researches about brand equity and its dimensions. Sample for this study were 214 respondents form the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Using descriptive statistics, correlation and multiple regression analyses these data are measured. Results of this research will give benefits to marketing professionals in Bosnian industries where they can try to understand consumers- whether brand equity and its dimensions affect their purchasing decision and does that effect have negative or positive impact. Contribution of this study is reflected in that Bosnian manufacturers and sellers can better meet consumer’s wishes and needs, possibilities of potential consumers in this strained economy.

  18. Marital quality and relationship satisfaction in war veterans and their wives in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Miro Klaric

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD in war veterans and its complex emotional and behavioral characteristics affect veterans’ partners and the quality of their relationships. Although most research focuses on the effects of veterans’ PTSD on their partners/wives and their relationships, not many findings have been established on partner adjustment and marriage quality when wives suffer from PTSD as well.The aim of the research was to examine the relationship between war-related posttraumatic stress symptoms and partner's marital satisfaction in couples where one or both partners suffer from PTSD.The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and Dyadic Adjustment Scale encompassed 154 war veterans and their wives who had been treated at Mostar Clinical Hospital in Bosnia and Herzegovina for combat-related PTSD as well as 77 veterans who did not suffer from PTSD and their wives.Veterans’ PTSD is related to lower levels of marital adjustment of their wives. Marital adjustment was significantly lower in couples where both partners had PTSD compared with couples where only the veteran had PTSD or neither partner had PTSD. Female partner's marital adjustment is best explained by his avoidance symptoms and her own level of depressiveness and re-experiencing symptoms.The results highlight the importance of recognizing PTSD in wives of traumatized veterans as well as the importance of family approach in the treatment of PTSD.For the abstract or full text in other languages, please see Supplementary files under Reading Tools online

  19. Emerging cases of chlamydial abortion in sheep and goats in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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    Spičic, Silvio; Račić Ivana; Andrijanić, Milan; Duvnjak, Sanja; Zdelar-Tuk, Maja; Stepanić, Maja; Cvetnić, Zeljko

    2015-01-01

    In a recent lambing season (2012/2013), the seroprevalence of ovine chlamydiosis was monitored in small ruminant abortion cases in Croatia. Blood samples of 93 sheep and 69 goats were examined. In addition, 50 sheep and 61 goat samples were tested using molecular methods. Furthermore, 14 sheep blood samples, one goat blood sample and one sheep placenta sample from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) were also tested as a part of inter-laboratory cooperation. Overall high seroprevalence was detected in sheep, 19.6% with the ELISA IDEXX kit and 20.5% with the ClVTEST kit. Seroprevalence in goats was 11.4%. In BIH, four sheep and one goat blood sample were seropositive for chlamydiosis. The disease causing agent, Chlamydia abortus (C. abortus) was confirmed using molecular methods in two sheep flocks in continental Croatia and in one sheep flock in BIH. In this study, C. abortus infection in sheep was identified for the first time in Croatia using species specific molecular methods. Ovine chlamydiosis is present in national sheep and goat flocks in Croatia and BIH. Thus should be subject to ongoing controls in the case of abortion. A combination of serological and molecular methods should be used for optimal laboratory diagnostics of C. abortus.

  20. Psychological consequences of war-traumatized children and adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Mevludin Hasanović

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Research into the psychosocial consequences of war and political violence on children’s and adolescent’s developmental wellbeing has shown a steady increase over the last decades. Numerous studies, from differing cultures in different war zones around the world, have documented the effect on children of exposure to war atrocities. The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH 1992-1995, at the end of 20th century found the citizens of BH and the world mental health professionals and scientists unprepared to deal with the adverse consequences for the entire BH population and especially for its most vulnerable part, children and adolescents, to be able to take adequate measures of sufficient mental health care to prevent devastating consequences of severe multiple traumas. Only a few research studies were done during and after this war in BH, the United States, Sweden, Norway, the UK and Germany focusing on the relationship between war trauma, Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, depression, suicidal thoughts, acculturation, repatriation, poverty, behavioral problems, school adjustment, relational problems of children and their mothers after deployment of war PTSD veterans and war prisoners, and treatment of psychological consequences in examined children and adolescents from BH. The major part of this paper reviewed available literature on Medline that reported national and international studies which investigated the psychological consequences of war on BH children and adolescents and several papers about children and adolescents from Srebrenica, that were not indexed on Medline, but showed very crucial results for the issue described.

  1. Factors associated with substance use among Spanish military personnel involved in "Bosnia-Herzegovina".

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    Vargas Pecino, Cristina; Castellano, Enrique; Trujillo, Humberto

    2017-01-12

    The use of both legal and illegal drugs has rarely been investigated among the Spanish military population involved in multinational military operations. The aim of the current study was to examine the consumption of drugs by Spanish military personnel in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the variables associated with such substance use. A total of 605 military personnel participated in the cross-sectional study. The participants' mean age was 25.9 years (SD = 5.9), and 93.9% of the sample was male. The majority of the participants were enlisted personnel (83.5%). The most widely used drugs were tobacco (54.2%), and alcohol (39.9%). With respect to illegal drugs, the results showed that the drug with the highest prevalence of "use at some point during a lifetime" was cannabis (36.2%), followed by cocaine (14.9%) and amphetamines (12.1%). The most important variable associated with a decrease in the consumption of illegal drugs was social support. Conversely, participants with friends who have used illegal drugs had an increased likelihood of drug consumption. Given that the use of drugs can adversely affect soldiers' performance, preventive measures should be applied in multinational military operations.

  2. Virgin Status Assessment of Plješevica Forest in Bosnia - Herzegovina

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    Ćemal VISNJIC

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Virgin forests are relatively rare in the European temperate zone. This is due to the continuous use of forest historically and to increasinghigh population densities. Virgin forests are forest where the structure and dynamics have developed entirely under natural conditions,without any human interference or influence. This article assesses the Plješevica forest in Bosnia Herzegovina to establish whether it canbe classified as virgin forest. The structure and components of the forest were assessed in a 1 ha sample plot and four 400m2 quadrats. Thevalues of the biodiversity indexes (as defined by Shannon and Weaver, Krebs and Meyer, species richness and evenness, the distributionof the different stand development stages and the proportion of dead wood lead to the conclusion that Plješevica forest presents a set ofstructural and dynamic characteristics close to the ones typical for virgin forests in Europe, so in order to maintain its status as such, in themeantime it should undergo a protection management programme.

  3. BARRIERS IN MULTICULTURAL BUSINESS COMMUNICATION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SLOVENIA AND BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ana Barić

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Companies that work in multicultural environments face several challenges in their everyday business life. In this article we focus on the communication aspect of working in multicultural business environments. We test the hypothesis that companies that work in multicultural environments are subject to communication barriers due to different cultural backgrounds of people that engage in these types of communication. We test the hypothesis through a case study of two companies, one from Bosnia and Herzegovina and one from Slovenia, that engage in mutual multicultural communication. Through an in-depth interview with the project manager who takes part in this communication every day and a survey with the employees, we identify and analyse the communication barriers that the employees perceive as relevant to their business processes. We overcome these barriers through the application of the fruitful intercultural business communication model. The main contribution of this work lies in demonstrating the applicability of this model to practical cases and the demonstration of the fact that cultural barriers can exist and inhibit successful business even in environments in close sociocultural and geographic proximity.

  4. Environmental risks of farmed and barren alkaline coal ash landfills in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dellantonio, A.; Fitz, W.J.; Custovic, H.; Repmann, F.; Schneider, B.U.; Grunewald, H.; Gruber, V.; Zgorelec, Z.; Zerem, N.; Carter, C.; Markovic, M.; Puschenreiter, M.; Wenzel, W.W. [University for Natural Resources & Applied Life Science, Vienna (Austria)

    2008-06-15

    The disposal of coal combustion residues (CCR) has led to a significant consumption of land in the West Balkan region. In Tuzla (Bosnia and Herzegovina) we studied previously soil-covered (farmed) and barren CCR landfills including management practises, field ageing of CCR and the transfer of trace elements into crops, wild plants and wastewaters. Soil tillage resulted in mixing of cover soil with CCR. Medicago sativa showed very low Cu:Mo ratios (1.25) which may cause hypocuprosis in ruminants. Total loads of inorganic pollutants in the CCR transport water, but not pH (similar to 12), were below regulatory limits of most EU countries. Arsenic concentrations in CCR transport water were < 2 {mu} g l{sup -1} whereas reductive conditions in an abandoned landfill significantly enhanced concentrations in leachates (44 {mu} g l{sup -1}). The opposite pattern was found for Cr likely due to large initial leaching of CrVI. Public use of landfills, including farming, should be based on a prior risk assessment due to the heterogeneity of CCR.

  5. ANALYSIS OF SYSTEMIC LIQUIDITY RISK FOR THE BANKING SECTOR IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (BH

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    Almir Alihodžić

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to relate the Danish concept of the “Balance Principle” to test the hypotheses of systemic liquidity risk in the banking sector. In the paper, the major econometric method is to gauge the general applicability of theories of liquidity and to test the applicable validity of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH. A prime example for this study is taken from the first quarter of 2004 to the second quarter of 2014. Our intention here is to consider the identification of macroeconomic parameters that positively affect the growth of the banking sector. The parameter liquidity, i.e. liquid assets / total assets will be observed as a dependent variable, and nonperforming loans / total loans, average profitability on equity capital, non-interest expenses / total revenue, the average required reserve, total loans, the money supply in the wider sense, net capital / risk weighted assets and net performing assets / total assets will be used as independent variables. The purpose of the paper is to determine whether there is interdependence in the movement between the independent and dependent variables through a multiple linear regression.

  6. SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF WOMEN ABSTINENTS AND VOTERS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Srdjan Puhalo

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Our research aims to find out if there is a difference between women voters and abstinents in Bosnia and Herzegovina, considering certain socio-psychological characteristics. For the purpose of this research we used Likert scales to measure: tolerance to other ideas, nationalism, ethical superiority, attitude towards leader, conformism, liberalism/conservativism and locus of control. This research was con-ducted in May 2007 on the sample of 547 women voters and 214 women abstinents. Results show that socio-demographic characteristics differ potential women voters from women abstinents. Women who are more active (educated, employed or mem-bers of some political party in their everyday life are more likely to go to the electi-ons and vote. Discriminative analysis showed that women voters and abstinents significantly differed at four of total seven variables. The difference between women voters and abstinents is in ethical superiority, acceptance of nationalism, tolerance to other ideas and attitude towards leader. Therefore it seems that women abstinents have greater democratic potential than women voters.

  7. Implementation of ISO 9001:2008 & Standards for Accreditation at Private University in Bosnia And Herzegovina

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    Ensar Mekić

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Main objective of this work is to provide empirical evidence that implementing ISO 9001:2008 and standards for accreditation required by Agency for Development of Higher Education and Quality Assurance (HEA is good way to achieve success on the way to improve quality of higher education institution. In analytical part of this paper, mainly descriptive statistics will be used since issue is related to presenting results of measurements conducted by institution over years. List of HEI’s (higher education institutions indicators of quality will be analyzed over years in order to compare institution’s performance over years after implementing of ISO 9001:2008 and standards for accreditation required by HEA. Data was collected through annual and semiannual reports of HEI conducted from 2009 to 2014. After comparative analysis of data over years, trend line is obvious in following all quality indicators which is great empirical evidence that implementation of ISO 9001:2008 and accreditation standards required by HEA are good way to improve quality of HEI. Main contribution of this work to science is empirical evidence that implementation of ISO 9001:2008 and accreditation criteria of HEA leads to increase of quality at institution level. Also, it is good stimuli for future research, and it provides potential idea of integrating ISO 9001:2008 and accreditation criteria with aim to create unique quality model for HEIs in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  8. USING ECONOMETRICS TO UNDERSTAND INCLUSION OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN THE WORKFORCE OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ensar Sehic

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Persons with disabilities have relevant working capacity. Employers who recruit those persons assume that their disabilities do not decrease organization’s productivity. Persons with disabilities can normally fit into working environment. The studies of employers’ attitude towards persons with disabilities are rare and of limited scope in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. The aim of this ultidisciplinary research is twofold: to investigate factors that may influence employment of persons with disabilities, and to examine employers’ perceptions of persons with disabilities in terms of potential employment. The research team uses a sample of 101 employers from BiH and performs the logit model maximum likelihood estimation. The results show that the size of organization, in terms of the number of employees, primarily influences the likelihood of employment of persons with disabilities. There is an inverse relationship between employment opportunities and the organization size. One possible explanation for this relationship is that large companies already recruit persons with disabilities and therefore have no additional opportunities. Other coefficients in the estimated model are not statistically significant. The research also shows that employers in BiH have a positive attitude towards persons with disabilities, but they face issues that can be resolved by government incentives.

  9. Institutional Discrimination against the MinorityGroups in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Barrier to EU Membership

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    Bedrudin Brljavac

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Although over more than 10 years Bosnia and Herzegovina has been going through an extensive European Union-related reform process, the country is still facing serious democratic deficit. In particular, the post-Dayton public sphere has been dominated by ethno-nationalist political elites which are doing everything to exclude non-nationalists and members of minority groups from the decision-making process. This is a clear paradox since one of the main objectives behind the integration of the European countries into the European Community was to reduce disintegrative and dangerous influences of nationalists and establish a peaceful, prosperous, and secure community. In this article, we analyze the process of the post-Dayton ethno-nationalization resulting in a widespread discrimination against the so-called ―others‖ as they are defined in the Constitution. In the post-war BiH, democratic participation has turned into a competition between the three ethnic communities, Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats, rather than race of equal individuals having equal right of vote. That‘s why Bosnian people are still living under the political system which is closer to ethno-democracy or ethnocracy rather than democratic regime. Under such a discriminatory regime BiH can not enter the European Union, which is a model of open and democratic society.

  10. Factors influencing pain therapy for metastatic cancer patients in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ivana Tica Sedlar

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To investigate cancer pain management and evaluate factors that could be addressed and lead to potential improvement of pain therapy. Materials and methods. Two hundred patients with metastatic cancer pain at the Department of Oncology, University Hospital Mostar, completed questionnaires about cancer pain treatment. Thirty oncologists from the Cancer Institute, University of Sarajevo and the Department of Oncology, Clinical Hospital, Mostar were asked to complete the questionnaire about cancer pain management. Results. Compliance for analgesics was statistically better (p=0.013 for patients who were regularly asked about pain than for those patients who were asked periodically. Nearly twice as many patients, whom the doctor always asked about pain, regularly took medication (65.5% versus 32.8%. There was a statistically significant, positive relationship between regular use of analgesics and the interest of the doctor about pain reduction after initiation of analgesic therapy (p=0.008. Almost half of the patients, 47%, stated that their doctor did not devote enough time to their pain problems during the interview. Statistically significantly more patients took analgesic medication regularly if they were not afraid of narcotics (p=0.006. Numerical or VAS scales in description of cancer pain were used by only 30% of interviewed oncologists. The vast majority of doctors, 86.7%, used opiates for the terminal phase of the illness. Conclusion. Assessment and the treatment of cancer pain in Bosnia and Herzegovina remains inadequate, emphasizing the need for changes to cancer pain patient care.

  11. Prevalence of scoliosis in school-children from Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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    Ostojić, Zdenko; Kristo, Tina; Ostojić, Ljerka; Petrović, Pavao; Vasilj, Ivan; Santić, Zarko; Maslov, Boris; Vasilj, Oliver; Carić, Davor

    2006-03-01

    In the school-year 2002/2003 a prospective epidemiological study was performed with the aim of evaluating the prevalence and distribution of scoliosis in the population of schoolchildren from Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The general check-up of primary-school children covered a total of 2,517 children aged 7-14. The children in which at least one positive symptom of scoliosis was found were directed to undergo orthopedic examination and--if indicated--radiography. Incorrect posture was noted in 33.4% of children, and 11.8% of children were sent to orthopedic specialist examination. The prevalence of structural scoliosis amounted to 3.1%, with the spine curvature threshold being 10 degrees. In eight children (0.32%; 1 boy and 7 girls) a curvature of 20 degrees or more was diagnosed. The most common type of curvature was the thoracal (39%) and the thoraco-lumbar (39%) while 14 children had a double curvature (17.8%). A scoliosis was detected due to here performed check-up in 83.5% of children with scoliosis. No case of serious spine deformity (45 degree or more) was recorded, due to regular general check-ups taking place biannually in this population.

  12. Post-Conflict History Education in Finland, South Africa and Bosnia-Herzegovina

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    Sirkka Ahonen

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A post-conflict society tends to get locked in a history war. As the practice of history in its broad sense is a moral craft, representations of guilt and victimhood prevail in social memory. The representations are often bolstered by mythical references, wherefore deconstruction of myths is expected from history education for the purposes of post-conflict reconciliation. This article deals with the post-conflict uses of history in Finland, South Africa and Bosnia-Herzegovina. The three cases constitute examples of a class war, a race conflict and an ethno-religious armed clash. The memory politics and history curricula differ between the cases. Their comparison indicates, how far an imposition of one ´truth´, a dialogue of two ´truths´ and segregation of different memory communities are feasible strategies of post-conflict history education. The article suggests that history lessons can be an asset instead of a liability in the pursuit of reconciliation.

  13. Labor market performance in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina from a gender perspective

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    Ognjen Radonjić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze some aspects of the efficiency of labor markets in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina and compare resulting outcomes with the outcomes of labor markets efficiency in selected economies of the European Union. A particular focus of our analysis is on gender equality, due to the fact that not only gender inequality negatively affects the quality of life of individuals and society in general, but also can produce significant macroeconomic losses which negatively affect economic growth and development. When formulating policy that aims to increase the employability and income of the local population, our recommendation to governments, non-governmental and supranational institutions is to simultaneously take all necessary steps in order to provide women equal access to labor markets. This primarily refers to equality in access to newly created jobs, the uniformity of wages for a work with equal qualification, equal access to employment in formal economy, equal safety at work, equal access to social safety net etc.

  14. Influence of ironworks on distribution of chemical elements in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

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    Jasminka Alijagić

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work is the study of the distribution of chemical elements in attic dust and topsoil for the identification of anthropogenic and geogenic element sources in an old metallurgic area in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia (Slo – BiH bilateral project “Heavy metals in environment as consequences of mining and smelting in the past”. Samples of attic dust and topsoil were collected in localities in BiH (Zenica, Vareš and Ilijaš and Slovenia (Jesenice, Štore and Ravne.Analysis for 42 chemical elements was performed. Based on a comparison of statistical parameters, spatial distribution of particular elements and results of cluster analysis one natural and two anthropogenic geochemical associations were identified. The natural geochemical association (Al-K-La-Sc-Th-Ti is influenced mainly by lithology. The anthropogenic association (Co-Cr-Mo-Ni-V-W is the result of iron metallurgy in the past. The second anthropogenic association (Ag-As-Cd-Fe-Hg-Mn-Pb-Sb-Sn-Zn is the result of high level of sulphide phase in iron ore (Vareš and zinc and sulphuric acid production in the Celje area.

  15. The Relation of Students’ Choice of Private Higher Education and Marketing Strategies in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ozbal Okai

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Severe market conditions and advancing technology demand a well-planned and a strategic marketing approach in all sectors as well as in education sector. This study examined the relationship between the students’ choice and the marketing strategies of private higher education (HE in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH. To perceive this relation, we chose one of the private universities in Sarajevo. The study is based on a student survey which employed a questionnaire of 55 questions under 4 sub-groups and was done by 146 students. The first step of the questionnaire was determining the motives of the students to attend a private HE institution. The next part was to investigate the information sources of the students. These two steps followed the understanding of the evaluation criteria and the decision process of the students. Finally, the survey was concluded with the post enrollment observations of the students. The data obtained analyzed by SPSS software. The results revealed a strong consistency. The students were willing to have quality education and improve themselves via HE. They were using internet as a prior information source but would not make a final decision without parents’ confirmation. The overall satisfaction of the students showed that our subject university communicates with the target groups efficiently and enjoys the benefits of positive ‘word of mouth’ marketing. Finally, we addressed the marketing strategies that we reaped throughout the study to suggest a course of action to private HEIs in the conclusion part.

  16. Forensic evaluation of persons with destructive behavior in the postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Novaković Milan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Different persons show forensic differences related to aggressive behavior in criminal and violation acts. The aim of this study was to forensically analyze the influence of socio-dynamic conditions and stress in testing the forensic hypothesis of hetero-destruction, and analysis of persons with destructive behavior in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H in the period from 1996−2005. Methods. The experimental group consisted of 125 persons who had committed a crime according to the Criminal Law of B&H and, thus were under security measures or treatment. The control group consisted of 125 persons who had committed a violation. The following psychometric tests/questionnaires were used in the study: Eysenek Personality Questionnaire (EPQ, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI and Profile Index of Emotions (PIE. Results. There were a significant difference between the respondents’ groups related to gender (p < 0.01, while broken family, migration, and family comorbidity showed insignificant differences. EPQ test showed statistically significant differences between the groups for all four variables, and Beck test found significant differences only for some ones. PIE test proved the relations of the basic emotions confirmed by discriminative function. Conclusion. High level of hetero-destruction in crime was proven in the study. Criminal acts and violations were committed by the persons without psychopathology, as well as by the persons with mental diseases, which rendered a forensic responsibility and analysis of such an influence on behavior.

  17. SERVICE USER INVOLVEMENT IN SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE, EDUCATION AND RESEARCH IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

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    Sanela Čekić Bašić

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the fact that the social work profession is considered to be a profession “promoting ... empowerment and liberation of individuals in order to attain greater level of well-being“, the inclusion of the user perspective is a relatively new and still much debated phenomenon. Having in mind that the involvement of service users as experience experts in social work practice, education and research is a very demanding and complex process, the paper analyses a number of challenges faced by social workers, teachers and researchers in their everyday work due to the requirement of inclusion of the service user perspective. The idea of service user involvement in planning, execution and evaluation of curricular contents is a quite recent one in Bosnia and Herzegovina since the social work education reflects the idea on professionals (social workers, teachers or researchers as ultimate knowledge holders. The author defines two categories of factors obstructing the service user involvement in the education and research process: one is related to education institutions and the other to service users, i.e. their organizations, and discusses necessary prerequisites for stronger connections between institutions (departments of social work, practice and service users.

  18. Mining at GACKO opencast mine, Bosnia-Herzegovina. A question of economics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larry Thomas; Steve Frankland [Dargo Associates Ltd., Michaelchurch Escley (United Kingdom)

    2004-07-01

    Gacko opencast mine is situated in the northeast of Bosnia-Herzegovina in the Republic of Srpska. The lignite is of Tertiary Neogene age and is preserved in an elongate NW-SE trending synclinal basin surrounded by limestone of Cretaceous age. The basin is fault bounded, with the northeastern limb of the syncline containing the bulk of the lignite reserves. Mining the lignite has proved difficult in terms of equipment performance and in maintaining quality consistency in the coal product. The lignite is for sole use in the neighbouring 300 MW Gacko Power Plant, and the required annual production is 1.8 Mtpa. Geological complications such as hard cemented overburden and limestone interbeds within the principal coal section have hindered mining and caused extensive wear on equipment. For a number of years financial constraints have meant that the mine has been under capitalised with poor maintenance and few spare parts. In order to re-vitalize the mine and to guarantee supplies of acceptable quality lignite to the power plant for 20 years, the method of mining has been reviewed and a new reserve area targeted for future exploitation. 3 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Implementation of quality assurance in diagnostic radiology in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republic of Srpska).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosnjak, J; Ciraj-Bjelac, O; Strbac, B

    2008-01-01

    Application of a quality control (QC) programme is very important when optimisation of image quality and reduction of patient exposure is desired. QC surveys of diagnostics imaging equipment in Republic of Srpska (entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina) has been systematically performed since 2001. The presented results are mostly related to the QC test results of X-ray tubes and generators for diagnostic radiology units in 92 radiology departments. In addition, results include workplace monitoring and usage of personal protective devices for staff and patients. Presented results showed the improvements in the implementation of the QC programme within the period 2001--2005. Also, more attention is given to appropriate maintenance of imaging equipment, which was one of the main problems in the past. Implementation of a QC programme is a continuous and complex process. To achieve good performance of imaging equipment, additional tests are to be introduced, along with image quality assessment and patient dosimetry. Training is very important in order to achieve these goals.

  20. Self-reported and observed seat belt use--A case study: Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipovac, Krsto; Tešić, Milan; Marić, Bojan; Đerić, Miroslav

    2015-11-01

    The issue of seat belt use in middle- and low-income countries is strongly evident and has as a result higher rates of fatalities and seriously injured on the roads. The first systematic field research of the seat belt use while driving was carried out in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in 2011-2012. Research methodology consisted of two mutually conditioned parts (observation and self-reported behavior). Specific features of the methodology used are in the relationship between the observed and interviewed drivers which enabled the analysis of their observed and self-reported behavior while driving. The logistic regression method was used in this work to make the analysis of the influence of personal human characteristics (gender, age, education, exposure) and vehicles' characteristics (age) on the observed and self-reported driving behavior, from the point of view of seat belt use while driving. The influence of the listed factors on driving behavior, depending on road type (urban or rural), was given special attention in the analysis. The paper shows that certain factors do not have the same impact on driving behavior, in various conditions. Based on results from this study, it will be possible to define certain critical groups of road users and the way in which they must be addressed in order to increase the seat belt wearing rate.

  1. OBSTACLES TO IMPLEMENTATION OF SOLVENCY II REGIME IN NONLIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Safet Kozarevic

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aimed at protection of the market and consumers, the control of solvency is very important for insurer’s business activities. Regarding the fact that insurer’s insolvency causes a chain of problems, the state regulation is needed that forces insurers to keep their solvency at the necessary level. Insurance companies in the European Union work on the implementation of a new regulatory framework defined by the Solvency II Directive, which demands a better risk management as well as a better connection of capital and risk profile, increased transparency, and higher flexibility of insurance companies’ business. In the period to come, this would present a huge challenge for the authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH as well, which would need to prepare their resources for the introduction of the Solvency II concept. For this purpose, the analysis of the current condition of the insurance market in BiH was made. By using the primary research and applying the survey as a questioning technique, the attitudes were gathered on the current conditions and possibilities for the implementation of the Solvency II Directive into the business activities of insurance companies in BiH.

  2. An Empirical Study on Liquidity risk and its determinants in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ganić Mehmed

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the research of liquidity risk and its determinants in banking sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H. The aim of this paper is to to examine banks' exposure to liquidity risk in the context of 17 out of 28 commercial banks in B&H, by using data in the period 2002-2012. In the empirical part of the research the multiple regression analysis will be applied with the aim to test the statistical significance and explanatory power of selected variables using various data analysis techniques. For the purpose of analysis of the subject matter and the aim of the research, our paper is organized as follows: After background information about trends in liquidity position of banking sector in B&H and its development is provided in Section 1, Section 2 provides a brief overview of the conducted researches in recent years related to the determinants of the commercial banks’ liquidity. Section 3 describes models and variables used in the models & hypotheses. Section 4 analyzes and interprets the empirical findings the impact of explanatory variables on banks' exposure to liquidity risk. Finally, the research conducted in this study showed that most of the analyzed variables had a certain influence on determining the level of banks' exposure to liquidity risk Based on this research the commercial banks should further decide which a variable needs to be used in order to achieve desired level of liquidity.

  3. Sustainable energy and development in disadvantaged communities: New approaches from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, and Slovakia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Legro, Susan [Eco Ltd (Czech Republic)

    2007-07-01

    This paper examines two community projects implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The first, Promoting Access to Energy Services to Foster Integration and Human Development for Disadvantaged Communities in Hungary and Slovakia with a Special Focus on the Roma, built on regional development work with isolated communities without reliable access to heat and electricity. The second, Energy Efficiency in Housing in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), focused on a network of communities where rebuilding was underway following the Balkans conflict. While the projects took place in different environments, both shared common approaches. First, they focused on community energy planning in areas where infrastructure was severely deficient. Planning was designed so that current investments in building stock would not have to be retrofitted later for efficiency. Second, they linked energy agencies and NGOs with institutions outside of the energy/environment community, such as the National Minority Self Government in Hungary and the Ministry of Refugees in BiH . The projects thus leveraged funds and expertise from new sources while raising awareness of sustainable energy issues in organizations already funding infrastructure.While time and funding were limited by the terms of the grants, both projects established a foundation of information, planning, and partnerships. Both projects included baseline energy studies, training workshops, and practical guides for local leaders. In addition, there were tangible community benefits in education (reliable heat supply for a new kindergarten), jobs creation (wood-chipping in a municipal forest), and business development (contracts for efficient construction)

  4. Care providers’ needs and perspectives on suffering and care in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Cambodia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura McDonald

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This exploratory study aimed to obtain insight into field-level care providers’ views on suffering and healing as well as existing obstacles and needs related to providing care to their clients. This research provides a “snapshot” for a better understanding of existing care systems in two post-conflict settings. By identifying existing approaches to care and the needs of the care provider community, this research might be useful in guiding psychosocial assistance programming in post-conflict settings. Utilizing a semi-structured questionnaire, 45 care providers were interviewed, including local health care practitioners, traditional/spiritual healers, and humanitarian relief workers, in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Cambodia. This study found that the majority of care providers in both settings perceived poverty and violence as significant causes and consequences of human suffering and, at the same time, felt ill-equipped in addressing these issues and related problems. Other issues that hindered these healers in providing care included: limited government/institutional support; lack of training; materialresources and funding. Study findings point to a new framework fordeveloping effective interventions and the need for further emphasison supporting care providers in their work, and most specifically, inidentifying and responding to poverty and violence.

  5. Care providers' needs and perspectives on suffering and care in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Cambodia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Laura; Mollica, Richard F; Douglas Kelley, Susan; Tor, Svang; Halilovic, Majda

    2012-01-01

    This exploratory study aimed to obtain insight into field-level care providers' views on suffering and healing as well as existing obstacles and needs related to providing care to their clients. This research provides a "snapshot" for a better understanding of existing care systems in two post-conflict settings. By identifying existing approaches to care and the needs of the care provider community, this research might be useful in guiding psychosocial assistance programming in post-conflict settings. Utilizing a semi-structured questionnaire, 45 care providers were interviewed, including local health care practitioners, traditional/ spiritual healers, and humanitarian relief workers, in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Cambodia. This study found that the majority of care providers in both settings perceived poverty and violence as significant causes and consequences of human suffering and, at the same time, felt ill-equipped in addressing these issues and related problems. Other issues that hindered these healers in providing care included: limited government/institutional support; lack of training; material resources and funding. Study findings point to a new framework for developing effective interventions and the need for further emphasis on supporting care providers in their work, and most specifically, in identifying and responding to poverty and violence.

  6. An Evaluation of Micro-Credit Programs in Bosnia and Herzegovina Using Porter’s Diamond Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad HAMAD

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The effective design and delivery of a microcredit program is difficult under any circumstance. Similarly, the task of microcredit institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina that provide financial stability to its most impoverished members is very much complicated. The purpose of this paper is to explore competitive advantages that microcredit industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina has by using Porter's diamond model. The demonstration of the Diamond Model is used to explain the competitive advantage that the microcredit industry has in Bosnia and Herzegovina. To analyze the competitive advantages, secondary data were used from various institutional and governmental resources .The findings reflect that the meaningful objectives were set out by microcredit institutions in the country including objectively verifiable indicators of achievements. Among peers in Kosovo and in other Balkan regions (Albania, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, as well as peers similar in size and market outreach from Eastern Europe and Central Asia (ECA, the Bosnian microcredit institutions are some of the most highly leveraged. There is a clear upward trend in the median indicator for portfolio at risk between 2006 and 2008. The inflationary pressures that started at the end of 2007 in BH as well as the repercussions of the global 2008/2009 financial crisis have affected the repayment capacity of clients. From a policy perspective, the results suggest that in order to improve efficiency in the microcredit sector, and in the financial sector as a whole, a unified banking agency for the country must be established. Despite being hopeful for future, this doesn't seem likely to happen until the Bosnian Constitution is amended sometime in the future.

  7. Devonian conodonts from the Foča–Prača Paleozoic complex (Durmitor Nappe, southeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Bogdan Jurkovšek

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Conodont study of the Crna Rijeka borehole CR-17, positioned in the frontal part of the Durmitor Nappe (Foča – Prača Paleozoic complex, SE Bosnia and Herzegovina is presented. The obtained fauna indicates an Early-Middle Devonian age and due to poor preservation an identification at a generic level is possible only. The recovered conodont elements have a high Color Alteration Index (CAI = 6,5–7 indicating a degree of metamorphism corresponding to a temperature interval from 440 °C to 720 °C.

  8. Transfer of production to Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia & Herzegovina: External influences for companies approach to an appropriate entry mode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhic, Sefik

    This Ph.D. (dissertation) represents a personal scientific pathway, continued after many years of uncertainty, characteristic for life in B&H after dissolution of the former Yugoslavia. In this period, I was working on my first Ph.D. at the University of Banjaluka, B&H, which was nearly finished...... at companies and managers in both Denmark (western Europe) and the “former Yugoslavia” (Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia & Herzegovina). It will give an understanding and perspective of the situations that can and will be encountered, should they wish to establish production in the former Yugoslavia (“appropriate...

  9. Seasonal and regional variations of the iodine content in milk from Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ćazim Crnkić

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the iodine concentrations in raw cow’s milk produced in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H and to evaluate the milk iodine contribution to the iodine intake in the B&H population. Milk samples (n=139 were taken from five regions during the spring, summer and winter season. Iodine concentrations were determined by the inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS method. The mean (± standard deviation milk iodine concentration was 60.9±67.5 μg/kg and ranged from 4.4 to 378.7 μg/kg. Winter milk had higher iodine content (84.0±88.2 μg/kg than the spring (45.3±46.7 μg/kg and summer milk (51.3±51.0 μg/kg, although two of five investigated regions did not follow this tendency and had the similar milk iodine content in all three seasons. Very low iodine concentrations (<20 μg/kg were found in 41 milk samples from four regions indicating extensive iodine deficiency in dairy cows. Milk samples from the north-east of the country had much more iodine than samples from other regions in all seasons with no values below 20 μg/kg. With the current average intake of 0.4 L milk per day, the milk contributes with 20 % of the recommended iodine intake for humans, ranging from 6 % to 72 % depending on the season of the year and the region of the country. The results indicate the need for iodine supplementation of animal diets, as well as for increased milk consumption in human population.

  10. Cochrane and its prospects in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Relying on Cochrane Croatia

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    Mersiha Mahmić-Kaknjo

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article we describe Cochrane and its products: Cochrane systematic reviews (CSRs and other Cochrane evidence. Cochrane is a unique, international, non-profit organisation that offers health care providers, health care consumers and other decision makers unbiased and highly reliable information on health, which is pivotal for conscientious and responsible decision making in overall healthcare. Cochrane offers the highest ranked evidence in Evidence Based Medicine (EBM – systematic reviews. Currently, CSRs are freely available in BH, and therefore, they ought to be widely used, and understood. We will present the new Cochrane Strategy to 2020, which was the main topic of the 6th Croatian Cochrane Symposium (CroCoS, as well as explore prospects for spreading Cochrane activities to Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH, through collaboration with Cochrane Croatia. BH has no officially organized Cochrane activity, as yet. We hope that this article will raise awareness about Cochrane in BH, help promote its activities, and deepen the existing collaboration with Cochrane Croatia. There are already some changes being introduced concerning Cochrane – at least, in one half, the Federation of BH (FBH. Two documents symbolising official recognition of policy changes towards Cochrane have recently been published in the Official Gazette of FBH. Conclusion. Since founding a BH Cochrane Branch would be costly and difficult to achieve in a complicated environment, such as the one we have, BH could use the good will, experience, knowledge, and translated educational, training and web materials of Cochrane Croatia, particularly given the language similarities, to promote evidence based medicine in BH.

  11. Qualitative analysis of coal combusted in boilers of the thermal power plants in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Đurić Slavko N.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we have looked into the qualitative analysis of coals in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B-H. The analysis includes the following characteristics: moisture (W, ash (A, combustible matter (Vg and lower heating value (Hd. From the statistic parameters we have determined: absolute range (R, arithmetic mean (X, standard deviation (S and variations coefficient (Cv. It has been shown that the coal characteristics (W, A, Vg, Hd have normal distribution. The analysis show that there are considerable deviations of ash characteristics: moisture (36.23%, ash (34.21%, combustible matter (16.15% and lower heating value (25.16% from the mean value which is shown by the variations coefficient (Cv. Large oscilations of mass portions: W, A, Vg and Hd around the mean value can adversely influence the function of a boiler plant and an electric filter plant in thermal power plants in B-H in which the mentioned types of coal burn. Large ash oscilations (34.21% around the mean value point out to the inability of application of dry procedures of desulphurisation of smoke gasses (FGD due to the additional quantity of ash. It has been shown that the characteristics of Bosnian types of coal do not deviate a lot from the characteristics of coal in the surrounding countries (coals of Serbia and Monte Negro. The results can be used in analysis of coal combustion in thermal power plants, optimisation of electrical-filtre, reduction of SO2 in smoke gas and other practical problems.

  12. Intrafamilial Transmission of Hepatitis B: Experience and Lessons Learned in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nermin N. Salkic

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV infection varies markedly throughout the world, ranging from 0.1% to 20%, hence the conceptual division into zones of low ( 8% endemicity. It is widely accepted that in regions of high endemicity, infection in the neonatal and early-childhood periods is very frequent, and apparently 70% to 90% of the population in highly endemic areas is exposed to HBV before reaching 40 years of age (1. On the other hand, in low-endemicity areas, neonatal and early-childhood infection are rare or sporadic. The situation becomes quite interesting in areas of intermediate endemicity, in which the age of infection and dominant routes of transmission vary from region to region and depend on regional characteristics (2. .Family members and household contacts of HBV carriers are a well recognized risk group for HBV transmission, and the routes of intrafamilial spread of HBV infection have been investigated since the very beginning of HBV research (3, 4. Investigation of intrafamilial transmission in a particular region usually reveals valuable information about the routes of HBV spread in general, and many researchers from several distinct geographic areas have explored the problem and described local peculiarities (5-12..Hepatitis B in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Prior to 2007, exact data on HBV prevalence in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H did not exist; the only data we had came from the World Health Organization's (WHO estimate, calculated as a simple average of prevalence in neighboring countries. Also, we did not know anything about the dominant routes of HBV transmission in our country, nor did we know anything about intrafamilial transmission of HBV. Still, this lack of reliable information was not unusual. As a country just coming out of a horrible war, with massive population migration and with the society's resources directed toward restoration of everything that was destroyed, we had a challenging setting for any

  13. Transition from paternalism to shared decision making – a review of the educational environment in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia

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    Marta Vučemilović

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article we will review the benefits of a system built on partnership of physicians and their patients, highlight some of the factors which impede this transition, and propose ways to address these factors. Also, we are going to analyze the educational environment in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia concerning ethics and communication skills. Personal responsibility of patients for their health should be reflected in their joint involvement in health decisions with their physicians. Patients, insecure about their individual competence surrounding their health decisions, tend to shy away from responsibility, whereas physicians, pressured by the responsibilities of the profession, do not always show sensitivity to all of the patient’s concerns. They often treat illnesses instead of patients. A more open and collaborative relationship between the patient and the physician through shared decision making would be a better alternative. In the end, the patient ultimately decides whether a health intervention was satisfactory in fulfilling his or her specific needs. Transition from a paternalistic to a mutual relationship between doctors and patients has already begun. In an era of intense information sharing, shared decision making is a sensitive, ethical, legal, and political concept which needs empathic doctors with well-developed communication skills to integrate their clinical knowledge with patient-centered care. Conclusion. Transition from paternalistic to partner relation between physicians and patients is moving slowly ahead in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Educational environment is improving but needs intense efforts to develop further.

  14. The prevalence and severity of early childhood caries in preschool children in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Lejla Šačić

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this study was to assess caries prevalence and severity in preschool children in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, the relationship between the frequency and clinical types of early childhood caries and behavioral factors, oral hygiene and eating habits were assessed. Subjects and methods. An oral health survey was performed in line with the World Health Organization methodology and criteria. The research consisted of clinical examinations of children to determine dentition status, oral hygiene and severity of caries distribution according to Wyne’s classification. Information about behavioral factors was collected by means of a questionnaire administered to parents/guardians. Results. The sample consisted of a total of 165 preschool children aged 3-5 years. Mean dmft (decay, missing, filled teeth index for primary dentition was 6.79. The percentage of caries-free children was 17.0%. The results showed a statistically significant correlation between oral hygiene and eating habits, and also the frequency and types of early childhood caries. Conclusion. The present study demonstrates high caries prevalence in preschool children in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Community based preventive programs should be developed and urgently implemented, in order to achieve the WHO goals, improve oral and general health, thus improving the quality of life of these populations.

  15. Leaf Morphology Variation of Populus nigra L. in Natural Populations along the Rivers in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Davorin Kajba

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: The aim was to determine the morphological differences between the hairy type of European black poplar (Populus nigra subsp. caudina and the typical type from the riparian forests populations as well as between the river systems. Hairy black poplar spreads in a mosaic pattern across the Submediterranean climatic type along the River Neretva and the typical European black poplar is growing on alluvial soils along large rivers in the territory of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Material and Methods: Samples for leaf morphometric analysis were collected in 17 natural populations of European black poplar along six rivers in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Results: Discriminant analyses have determined that in the differentiation of population groups largely contribute some characters such as the distance between the leaf widest part and the leaf base (DBW and the petiole length (PL. The differences between populations and analysed groups, as well as the differences between populations belonging to a particular river system, were confirmed for all studied characteristics. Conclusions: Significant differences have been determined between the typical and the hairy type of European black poplar in the studied morphological traits and these dissimilarities are in accordance with the climatic differences in respective habitats of continental riparian forests and the Submediterranean type of climate. Populations sampled in the lower course of the River Neretva, which correspond to the hairy type of the European black poplar, have smaller leaves and a greater angle between the first lower lateral vein and the midrib.

  16. Urban IDPs and Poverty: Analysis of the Effect of Mass Forced Displacement on Urban Poverty in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nermin Oruc

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the effect of mass forced displacement on urban poverty in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The process of displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina involved “forced evictions”, implying no choice in displacement decision, meaning that this type of rural-urban migration was not a rational decision driven by economic motives. Consequently, this can possibly lead to a larger incidence of poverty among displaced people. The paper starts with a discussion of the specific features of the process of forced displacement and their possibly different effect on urban poverty compared to voluntary migration, based on qualitative evidence collected through interviews with people who experienced forced displacement during the conflict in the 1990s. Then, the probit model of determinants of poverty, based on the Living Standards Measurement Survey data, was estimated in order to provide empirical evidence of the effect of mass forced displacement on urban poverty, as well as the difference in the poverty incidence among displaced people compared to voluntary migrants. The results suggest that consumption is significantly lower among displaced households, while incidence of poverty is not affected by displacement status. The evidence also contributes to the migration literature by providing specific results about the relationship between mass forced displacement and urban poverty.

  17. 1941 Resolutions of El-Hidaje in Bosnia and Herzegovina as a Case of Traditional Conflict Transformation

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    Onder Cetin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available During the Second World War, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under the authority of the Independent State of Crotia (NDH. The ruling Ustaa leadership of Ante Paveli\tcommitted haunting atrocities, especially towards Serb and Jewish population, aimed to "cleanse" the region. Despite the relative privileges that were granted to them by the Ustaa leaders, who treated Bosnian Muslims as Muslims of Croat nation, this article will present how Muslim ulama, convened under the framework of el-Hidaje Ilmijje organization, protested the atrocities committed towards both Muslims and the aforementioned victims of NDH, mainly through Resolutions circulated in several cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1941. I will argue that, these resolutions does not only represent an act of tolerance, such as Reis-ul-ulema Demaludin auevi\t`s initiatives during the anti-Serb riots after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914, but also represent important clues and prospects how a religious organization can include in peacemaking in terms of conflict transformation at the grass root level, such as publicly condemning believers on their side who took part in these events and taking a stance vis-à-vis state bodies in times of crisis.

  18. 1941 Resolutions of El-Hidaje in Bosnia and Herzegovina as a Case of Traditional Conflict Transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onder Cetin

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available During the Second World War, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under the authority of the Independent State of Crotia (NDH. The ruling Ustaa leadership of Ante Paveli committed haunting atrocities, especially towards Serb and Jewish population, aimed to “cleanse” the region. Despite the relative privileges that were granted to them by the Ustaa leaders, who treated Bosnian Muslims as Muslims of Croat nation, this article will present how Muslim ulama, convened under the framework of el-Hidaje Ilmijje organization, protested the atrocities committed towards both Muslims and the aforementioned victims of NDH, mainly through Resolutions circulated in several cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1941. I will argue that, these resolutions does not only represent an act of tolerance, such as Reis-ul-ulema Demaludin auevi\t`s initiatives during the anti-Serb riots after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914, but also represent important clues and prospects how a religious organization can include in peacemaking in terms of conflict transformation at the grass root level, such as publicly condemning believers on their side who took part in these events and taking a stance vis-à-vis state bodies in times of crisis.

  19. Why Do Policy Leaders Adopt Global Education Reforms? A Political Analysis of SBM Reform Adoption in Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komatsu, Taro

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a political analysis of school-based management reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). School-based management (SBM), based on the principle of school autonomy and community participation, is a school governance system introduced in many parts of the world, including post-conflict nations. Such a phenomenon seems to follow the…

  20. FISH HATCHERY IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF BOSANSKA KRUPA IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA: A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PILOT PROJECT

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    N. Ajanovic

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The Norwegian Government financed the project GCP/BIH/003/NOR “Support to Income Generation through establishment of a Fish Hatchery in Bosnia and Herzegovina”, worth one million US dollars, that includes the construction of a fish hatchery on the banks of the River Krusnica in order to create jobs and incomes for people living with disability in Bosanska Krupa. The hatchery is dedicated to producing local strains of brown trout (Salmo trutta m. fario, grayling (Thymallus thymallus and Danube salmon (Hucho hucho for re–stocking the natural waters of the Krusnica/Una River catchments (and larger Bosnia and Herzegovina and Danube basin, support the rehabilitation of fish populations and to help revitalize local tourism. The Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (REU of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO, based in Budapest, Hungary implements the project in close collaboration with the Sport Fishermen’s Association of Krusnica, which currently has 351 members. A fish hatchery, a pilot Recirculation Aquaculture System (RAS in the valley of the River Krusnica, is the first of its kind in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is suitable for production of 250,000 to 450,000 fingerlings annually. Five war invalids are employed at the hatchery continuously since fish production began in November of 2008. The production technology learned by the staff abroad was adapted to the local conditions. The hatchery is expected to be self–sustainable in its operation from sale of fingerlings. Since the hatchery activity has received wider publicity, anglers’ interest in the River Krusnica and River Una has increased. Further increase in the number of visitors is expected after restocking the fish into the river, since the bigger fish populations will attract more and more anglers.

  1. Target Bosnia: Integrating Information Activities in Peace Operations. NATO-Led Operations in Bosnia-Herzegovina, December 1995-1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    resettle in Banja - Luka (Republika Srpska). However, such happenstance were rare and almost limited to large cities. In rural areas, minority returns are...in that structure were the three MNDs PI of- fices and press centers (established in Tuzla, Banja Luka , and Sarajevo) as the divisions were likely to...cities across the country: Sarajevo, Tuzla, Banja - Luka , Mrkonjic Grad, and Mostar (struck down by a lightning on 14 September 74 Target Bosnia 1996

  2. Border Reconstruction of Bosnia and Herzegovina's Access to the Adriatic Sea at Sutorina by Consulting Old Maps

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    Nedim Tuno

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of scientific research into the former southernmost Bosnian border by analyzing historical maps. In cartographic representations of the area (created between the mid-17th and mid-20th centuries, state and administrative boundary lines are clearly demarcated. They provide indisputable proof that the Sutorina area belonged to Bosnia and Herzegovina through many centuries, providing access to the Adriatic Sea. The maps presented follow the course of the historical changes in the area which shaped its borders. The extent of the narrow Sutorina corridor was observed by combining data on boundary lines taken from historical maps with the current situation in the area. The technique of georeferencing old maps based on a genetic algorithm was developed for this purpose. 

  3. THE IMPACT OF EU CONDITIONALITY IN THE WESTERN BALKANS. A COMPARATIVE APPROACH: BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA – BULGARIA

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    Octavia MOISE

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to analyse the security environment at the beginning of the XXIst century and to assess the impact of EU conditionality in the Western Balkans. The paper will analyse the redistribution of power and the new challenges that send the European Union at a crossroad. To explain such complex phenomena, we will use a comprehensive framework based on realism, liberal institutionalism, and constructivism. The central part of the paper will analyse EU conditionality in the Western Balkans – along with its characteristics, particularities, difficulties – and the impact of the degree of sovereignty. The case-study will provide a comparative analysis between EU conditionality in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Bulgaria proving that sovereignty matters for the conditionality-compliance relationship.

  4. Challenges of small and medium sized companies at early stage of development: Insights from Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Saša Petković

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to discover and understand factors that lead to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs shutdown in transitional economies, such as the economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H. The paper provides some findings about main influencing factors that lead to SMEs shut down in the first years of operation from entrepreneurs’ and managers’ perspective and suggests certain measures that should be taken to secure their survival, development and growth. For the purpose of this paper, empirical research was conducted, using stratified sampling of 110 SMEs from Republic of Srpska (49% of B&H territory. The section on methodology explains the entry criteria for the study population and methods of data analysis. Respondents from the research sample identified the following factors as the main obstacles to successful development of their businesses: difficulties in the collection of receivables from debtors, complicated legal procedures that regulate the work and business operations of enterprises, high rates of taxes and contributions on wages, the negative impact of the global economic crisis and expensive and complicated procedures for obtaining loans from commercial banks. Respondents didn’t evaluate their personal traits, level of formal and informal knowledge from business management field or lack of entrepreneurial spirit and readiness for being proactive, innovative or risk acceptance as potential causes of business failure. With its limitation, the paper contains novel information and insights about SMEs business obstacles and challenges in economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina as a solid base for more comprehensive future research.

  5. Knowledge, perception, practices and barriers of healthcare professionals in Bosnia and Herzegovina towards adverse drug reaction reporting and pharmacovigilance

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    Maša Amrain

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Pharmacovigilance is an arm of patient care. No one wants to harm patients, but unfortunately any medicine will sometimes do just this. Underreporting of adverse drug reactions by healthcare professionals is a major problem in many countries. In order to determine whether our pharmacovigilance system could be improved, and identify reasons for under-reporting, a study to investigate the role of health care professionals in adverse drug reaction (ADR reporting was performed.Methods: A pretested questionnaire comprising of 20 questions was designed for assessment of knowledge, perceptions, practice and barriers toward ADR reporting on a random sample of 1000 healthcare professionals in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Results: Of the 1000 respondents, 870 (87% completed the questionnaire. The survey showed that 62.9% health care professionals would report ADR to the Agency for Medicinal Products and Medical Device of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ALMBIH. Most of surveyed respondents has a positive perception towards ADR reporting, and believes that this is part of their professional and legal obligation, and they also recognize the importance of reporting adverse drug reactions. Only small percent (15.4% of surveyed health care professionals reported adverse drug reaction.Conclusions: The knowledge of ADRs and how to report them is inadequate among health care professionals. Perception toward ADR reporting was positive, but it is not reflected in the actual practice of ADRs, probably because of little experience and knowledge regarding pharmacovigilance. Interventions such as education and training, focusing on the aims of pharmacovigilance, completing the ADR form and clarifying the reporting criteria are strongly recommended.

  6. Human Coxiella burnetii infections in regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2002.

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    Sukrija, Zvizdić; Hamzić, Sadeta; Cengić, Dzevad; Beslagić, Edina; Fejzić, Nihad; Cobanov, Darko; Maglajlić, Jasminka; Puvacić, Sandra; Puvacić, Zlatko

    2006-10-01

    Acute infections in humans and animals caused by Coxiella burnetii (C. burnetii) are becoming an important medical problem for Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). From a clinical and epidemiological aspect, Q fever represents a complex medical problem, considering that one of the highest incidence rates of Q fever in Europe has been recorded during the last few years in B&H. The first case of this disease in B&H was described in 1950, by Muray et al., and the first epidemic, with 16 infected individuals, was recorded the same year. Confirmed animal infections by C. burnetii in B&H were first reported in 1985 when, of all tested sheep, positive results were found in 12.4%. During 2001, 2.11% of tested sheep and goats were found to have a positive result, which was also confirmed by studies from the following years in particular regions of B&H. These studies suggest that endemic loci of infected animals are established in particular geographic regions in B&H, which is important to emphasize for better understanding of the sources and routes of C. burnetii transmission to the human population. This conclusion is based on the studies from 2000, when 2.17% of positive cattle, 1.85% of positive sheep, and 0.27% of positive goats were registered. During the same period, in B&H, in 6 different regions, 156 individuals with Q fever were registered as were 3 separate epidemics with 115 infected individuals. Official data on the number of detected animal C. burnetii infections during 2002 suggest that 10 positive cattle and 88 positive sheep or goats were registered. During 2003, 24 positive cattle, 29 positive goats, and 167 positive sheep were detected, while in 2004, 71 positive cattle, 4 positive goats, 37 positive sheep, and 72 positive animals from the sheep-goat group were registered. According to official reports from 2001, 19 individuals with Q fever were registered in B&H, while in 2002, the number of infected individuals increased to 250. In five cantons in B&H, 43

  7. Ethnical distance of the citizens of Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the nations of former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

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    Puhalo Srđan

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the study of Ethnical distance with the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The study was made using Bogardus' scale of social distance, on 1000 interviewees of the Federation of BiH and 850 interviewees of Republika Srpska. The citizens of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina reject the Romas the most, followed by the Albanians and Macedonians. This is followed by the Serbs and Montenegrians, while Slovenians and Croats are the least rejected. Prejudices of the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the Romas, Albanians, and Macedonians are much more important for the rejection or accepting of offered relations, than it was the case with open hostility and war conflicts with the Serbs, Montenegrians, and Croats. In the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina a distinction is made in the degree of ethnical distance of Bosniaks and Croats to the nations who lived in the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Offered relations are more rejected by the Croats than by the Bosniaks. The citizens of Republika Srpska accept the Muslims (Bosniaks and Romas the least. This is followed by the Croats, Slovenians, and Macedonians, and the Montenegrians are rejected the least. The citizens of Republika Srpska refuse that they or the members of their family marry a member of another nation. Thus they object any possibility for the members of other nations to be found on managing position, or any situation where they themselves would be in a subordinate position in society in relation to the members of other nationalities.

  8. Analysis of Causes and Effects of Applying IAS And IFRS in Case of Mergers and Acquisitions of Banks in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Meliha Bašić

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the effect of the “stabilization and accession” process, i.e. of fulfillingrequirements for entry of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the European Union,over the past few years, has been the privatization and concentration of banks’ capital,primarilythroughtheprocessoftheirmergers.1 The paper is primarily aimed at analyzing the way, causes and effects of applying IASand IFRS in mergers and acquisitions of banks in the Federation of Bosnia andHerzegovina. The presented analysis revealed the discrepancy between regulations by theBanking Agency of Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina, as the supervisory body forbanking in this part of BH and IAS and IFRS, particularly with respect to the frameworkfor financial reporting for banks, a lack of detailed disclosure prescribed by IAS andIFRS, as well as of instructions and methodology related to the processes that must beconducted. It directly resulted in unrealistic, unbjective and, naturally, insufficientlycomprehensible, and insufficiently controllable and comparable financial statements bygiven banks, before and after mergers and acquisitions. In the same time, it made it moredifficult to do business, conduct internal and external control and auditing, particularly bya regulatory body, and resulted in a series of objections by foreign controllers (IMF,IBRD. The conducted research points to problems present in practice with respect tomergers and acquisitions of banks in the Federation B-H, and provides guidelines fortheir possible solution.

  9. AGRARIAN RELATIONS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA DURING THE TURKISH AND AUSTRO - HUNGARIAN OCCUPATION, AND THEIR REMOVAL WITH AGRARIAN REFORM FROM 1919 TO 1931

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    Joko Sparavalo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available At the start we give a brief surveyof the relations of production in the currentdevelopment of human society. This is done fromthe standpoint of Marx's notion of productiverelations. Then we discuss about relations ofproduction in agriculture, addressed as agrarianrelations. They are very different from the relationsof production in other areas of the economy. Thisresults from the specificity of agriculture. Infeudalism, they are the essence of social relations.With the economic development their influence isdecreasing, but in capitalism they also have certaincharacteristics. Turkish military-feudal system wasthe essential feature of the Asian mode ofproduction. The Turkish occupation of Bosnia andHerzegovina lasted for more than four centuries.Military-feudal system was significantly differentfrom the feudalism of Western Europe. Statedisposition of land and appropriation of rents areincorporated into the strategy of conquest of newand preservation of the occupied territories.Islamization has contributed to strengthening andthe long duration of that system. The way ofappropriation of labor surplus significantly slowedthe economic development of Bosnia andHerzegovina. Austro-Hungarian occupationauthorities accounted for some positivedevelopments in agriculture, but did not abolishfeudal relations Agrarian reform (1919.-1931.removed from the feudal relations in agriculture,Bosnia and Herzegovina and created the initialconditions for the development of capitalism.

  10. Installing democracy in the Balkans? Analysis of political party assistance in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nenadović, M.

    2012-01-01

    De opbouw van politieke partijen in naoorlogse landen als Bosnië-Herzegovina en Kosovo, brengt naast kansen ook risico’s met zich mee. Internationale steun aan deze politieke partijen kan ineffectief zijn, en zelfs de democratische ontwikkeling in gevaar brengen. Maja Nenadović laat zien dat de naoo

  11. How to Escape? The Trap of the Transition in the Recent Cinema of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2000-2012

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    Tomasz Rawski

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available How to Escape? The Trap of the Transition in the Recent Cinema of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2000-2012 The paper concerns the latest cinema of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2000-2012. Focusing on the cinema of social criticism (represented by movies which try to rethink the new socio-political order gradually emerging in BiH after the war of 1992-95, the authors recognize the Bosnian society as a community captured in the trap of an unfinished system transition. The story of the Bosnian society, simultaneously stuck in a dysfunctional and oppressive state and completely devoid of any prospects for the improvement of this situation, seems to be dominated by several escape strategies into an alternative reality: the nostalgic past, the imagined present or the utopian future. In that sense, the Bosnian cinema of social criticism turns out to be a cinema of social escapism.   Jak uciec? Pułapka transformacji w najnowszym kinie Bośni i Hercegowiny (2000-2012 Tekst dotyczy najnowszej kinematografii Bośni i Hercegowiny (2000-2012. Skupienie na nurcie kina krytycznego (do którego zaliczone zostały filmy, które próbują interpretować nowy porządek społeczno-polityczny powoli wyłaniający się w Bośni i Hercegowinie po wojnie z lat 1992-95 pozwala ukazać społeczeństwo Bośni i Hercegowiny jako znajdujące się w pułapce wciąż niedokończonej transformacji systemowej. Opowieść o społeczeństwie z jednej strony uwięzionym w dysfunkcjonalnym i opresyjnym państwie, a z drugiej całkowicie pozbawionym perspektyw i nadziei na poprawę sytuacji, zdominowana jest przez rozmaite strategie ucieczki w alternatywną rzeczywistość: nostalgiczną przeszłość, wyobrażoną teraźniejszość lub utopijną przyszłość. W tym sensie, bośniackie kino krytyczne jawi się jako kino eskapizmu społecznego.

  12. Morphological evaluation of common bean diversity in Bosnia and Herzegovina using the discriminant analysis of principal components (DAPC multivariate method

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    Grahić Jasmin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to analyze morphological characteristics of locally cultivated common bean landraces from Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H, thirteen quantitative and qualitative traits of 40 P. vulgaris accessions, collected from four geographical regions (Northwest B&H, Northeast B&H, Central B&H and Sarajevo and maintained at the Gene bank of the Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences in Sarajevo, were examined. Principal component analysis (PCA showed that the proportion of variance retained in the first two principal components was 54.35%. The first principal component had high contributing factor loadings from seed width, seed height and seed weight, whilst the second principal component had high contributing factor loadings from the analyzed traits seed per pod and pod length. PCA plot, based on the first two principal components, displayed a high level of variability among the analyzed material. The discriminant analysis of principal components (DAPC created 3 discriminant functions (DF, whereby the first two discriminant functions accounted for 90.4% of the variance retained. Based on the retained DFs, DAPC provided group membership probabilities which showed that 70% of the accessions examined were correctly classified between the geographically defined groups. Based on the taxonomic distance, 40 common bean accessions analyzed in this study formed two major clusters, whereas two accessions Acc304 and Acc307 didn’t group in any of those. Acc360 and Acc362, as well as Acc324 and Acc371 displayed a high level of similarity and are probably the same landrace. The present diversity of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s common been landraces could be useful in future breeding programs.

  13. Organization of Proficiency Testing for Dairy Laboratories in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia in Order to Improve Quality Assurance

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    Nataša Mikulec

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Participation in proficiency testing is not only an obligation for all analytical laboratories which tend to be credible, but also an opportunity to check how the results agree with the reference or assign value. The Reference Laboratory for Milk and Dairy Products of the Dairy Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture University of Zagreb, is itself incorporated in the proficiency testing organized by dairy laboratories from Germany, Italy, France, Switzerland and Slovenia. The aim is to find out its own accuracy and reliability in particular milk and dairy products analyses. On the basis of seven years experience of participating in proficiency testing, five years ago the Reference Laboratory started organizing its own proficiency testing for dairy laboratories in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia for milk components such as milk fat, protein, lactose and somatic cells count. The results of the analyses have been statistically analyzed and, on the basis of Z-score, the successful measurements have been estimated. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the organisation and data processing of proficiency testing for milk fat, protein, lactose and somatic cells count in milk for the involved dairy laboratories.

  14. Knowledge and attitudes of physicians and pharmacists towards the use of generic medicines in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Čatić, Tarik; Avdagić, Lejla; Martinović, Igor

    2017-02-01

    Aim To investigate and assess knowledge and attitudes of pharmacists and physicians towards generic drugs prescription in order to evaluate current trends, obstacles to prescribe/dispense generics and suggest possible improvements of rational and economic prescribing having in mind scarce public budgets for drugs. Methods A cross-sectional survey among 450 primary care physicians (prescribers) and pharmacists in four major cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla and Mostar) during the period between January and March 2016 was conducted. The survey (questionnaire) was developed and physicians' and pharmacists' perception was examined using the 5-point Likert scale. Descriptive statistics was used to examine respondents' characteristics and their responses to survey questions. The respondents perception based on different characteristics was assessed using ordinal logistic regression. Results Generally, positive attitudes towards generic drugs were found. Majority of respondents, 392 (87.0%) considered generic drugs the same as originators and they could be mutually substituted. Physicians were more likely to prescribe branded drugs, 297 (66.6%), even 391 (86.8%) were aware of generic alternatives. Respondents believed that patients considered generic drugs less effective, 204 (45.4%), and 221 (49.0%) disapproved generic substitution. Conclusion Our findings suggest that further education and more information about benefits of generic drugs should be provided to key stakeholders including patients. Also, clearer generic drugs policies should be introduced in order to improve generic prescribing and potentially improve access and optimize pharmaceutical public expenditures.

  15. Long-term summer sunshine/moisture stress reconstruction from tree-ring widths from Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    S. Poljanšek

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We present the first summer sunshine reconstruction from tree-ring data for the western part of the Balkan Peninsula. Summer sunshine is tightly connected with moisture stress in trees, because the moisture stress and therefore the width of annual tree-rings is under the influence of the direct and interactive effects of sunshine duration (temperature, precipitation, cloud cover and evapotranspiration. The reconstruction is based on a calibrated z-scored mean chronology, calculated from tree-ring width measurements from 7 representative black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. A combined regression and scaling approach was used for the reconstruction of the summer sunshine. We found a significant negative correlation (r = −0.54, p < 0.0001 with mean June–July sunshine hours from Osijek meteorological station (Croatia. The developed model was used for reconstruction of summer sunshine for the time period 1660–2010. We identified extreme summer events and compared them to available documentary historical sources of drought, volcanic eruptions and other reconstructions from the broader region. All extreme summers with low sunshine hours (1712, 1810, 1815, 1843, 1899 and 1966 are connected with volcanic eruptions.

  16. POSSIBILITIES FOR IMPROVEMENT OF RISK MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE COAL MINING INDUSTRY OF THE FEDERATION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Safet Kozarević

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Current business environment and growing exposure to a wide range of risks require companies (especially the large ones to raise a question of risk management, start treating it as a particular business function that needs special attention and for which they have to seek proper solutions within their organizational structure. This particularly affects the coal industry, where risk exposure is rather evident and makes risk management one of the key management issues in general. A central point of the analysis includes companies in the coal industry of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (F BiH, where the management needs to be greatly concerned about protection against risks that affect this industry much more than other industries, in particular pure risks (those that involve only the possibility of loss and no possibility of gain . And if we add the so - called emerging or “newly developing” risks, which are still unknown even to risk management experts, it is clear that management of large companies have to take care of risk management culture development and seek adequate organizational solutions. On the basis of the conducted empirical research, the paper will show and appropriately explain the descriptive analysis results, accordingly used for establishment of the level of risk management efficiency in the coal mines of the F BiH and identification of certain weaknesses, whose elimination could significantly improve the process and increase the level of economic protection for these companies.

  17. Model for Estimating the Potential of Social Networking Sites Usage in Tourism Industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Edin Osmanbegović

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Social networking has taken contemporary business experiences to a new level that cannot be compared with anything that happened so far. Tourism industry and travel booking activities have significantly benefited from such development. Potential travellers can communicate with tourist agencies and operators through social networking sites as well as with tourists who already have visited desired destination or used services from certain operator. This means that tourists can get information directly from actors in tourist activities in order to make their travel decision. Social networking has become large resources from which tourists can make decisions. In this paper it will be given model for estimating the potential of social networking usage by consumers in Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the given model, estimated potential of social networking usage by consumers is 43.281.660 €, which represents 12.19% of annual touristic expenditure of B&H citizens. Knowledge about mentioned potential is important data for marketers who plan to exploit social networking channel in their marketing efforts.

  18. The prevalence of substance use among first-year students at the University of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Maja Nižić

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to examine the prevalence of substance use among first-year students at the University of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and to determine differences with regard to the socio-demographic characteristics of the participants. The study was conducted in June 2012 by teaching assistants at the Department of Social Work, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Mostar, in collaboration with social work students who were previously trained to conduct the research. The study included 420 participants from six faculties. The research is designed to determine which substances are most frequently used among first-year students and to determine whether there are differences in the frequency of alcohol consumption, smoking and drug use among students with regard to their sociodemographic characteristics. The results show that the most frequently used substance among students is alcohol; cigarettes are in second place and marijuana (as the only drug with significant frequency of consumption in third. Some socio-demographic characteristics have proven to be significant in the frequency of substance use. Keywords: ; ; ;

  19. Sexual Compulsivity Comorbidity With Depression, Anxiety, and Substance Use in Students From Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Dzanan Berberovic

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study was to examine relationships between sexual compulsivity, depression (including level of self-esteem anxiety, and the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs in a sample of 1,711 students from Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sexual compulsivity, depression, and anxiety were measured with standardized scales and inventories (the Sexual Compulsivity Scale – SCS, the Beck Depression Inventory – BDI, and the Spielberger’s State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Trait, STAI-T, respectively, whereas specific questions about tobacco, alcohol, and drug use were modified for the purpose of this study. Results indicated positive, significant but low correlations between sexual compulsivity and depression; sexual compulsivity and anxiety; and sexual compulsivity and substance use; whereas a low, negative but significant correlation was obtained between sexual compulsivity and self-esteem. The strongest predictor of sexual compulsivity was drug use; two other significant predictors were alcohol and depression. Limitations of the study are discussed in the end.

  20. Impact of Caring Climate, Job Satisfaction, and Affective Commitment on Employees’ Performance in the Banking Sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    M. Sait DINC

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of caring climate, employees' job satisfaction, and affective commitment on employees' job performance in a banking sector. This study proposes that caring climate has a significant direct effect on overall job satisfaction, affective commitment, and job performance. Moreover, it suggests that caring climate has an influence on job performance through overall job satisfaction and affective commitment. Additionally, affective commitment is considered to be a mediator in the relationship between overall job satisfaction and job performance. In this study, the relationships among the variables were evaluated using factor analysis, descriptive statistics, correlations, and regression. The results based on a sample of 152 employees from one public and three private banks in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina support the hypotheses. This study demonstrates that caring climate has a significant direct influence on overall job satisfaction, affective commitment, and job performance. Furthermore, caring climate has an indirect effect on job performance. Finally, this research discovers an indirect relationship between overall job satisfaction and employees’ job performance through a mediating role of affective commitment.

  1. The first report of Trichinella pseudospiralis presence in domestic swine and T. britovi in wild boar in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santrac, Violeta; Nedic, Drago N; Maric, Jelena; Nikolic, Sonja; Stevanovic, Oliver; Vasilev, Sasa; Cvetkovic, Jelena; Sofronic-Milosavljevic, Ljiljana

    2015-09-01

    The Balkans is endemic for nematodes of the genus Trichinella in both domestic and wild animals. The high prevalence of these zoonotic pathogens in animals linked with the food habits to consume raw meat and meat derived products resulted in a very high prevalence of trichinellosis in humans living in this European region. In spite of numerous epidemiological investigations carried out in this region, very few information is available on the Trichinella species circulating in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Trichinella spp. larvae were isolated from a domestic pig reared in a backyard and from a hunted wild boar whose meat had been the source of trichinellosis in one case. Both Trichinella pseudospiralis and T. spiralis have been identified in the domestic pig, whereas, T. britovi was detected in the wild boar. While, T. spiralis is the Trichinella species most frequently detected in domestic pigs, T. pseudospiralis has been previously documented in domestic pigs only three times in Russia, Slovakia and Croatia. The detection of T. britovi in the wild boar confirms that this nematode is the most frequent species circulating among wildlife of Europe.

  2. Public and Private Sector in the Health Care System of the Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina: Policy and Strategy

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    Slipicevic, Osman; Malicbegovic, Adisa

    2012-01-01

    In Bosnia and Herzegovina citizens receive health care from both public and private providers. The current situation calls for a clear government policy and strategy to ensure better position and services from both parts. This article examines how health care services are delivered, particularly with respect to relationship between public and private providers. The paper notes that the public sector is plagued by a number of weaknesses in terms of inefficiency of services provision, poorly motivated staff, prevalent dual practice of public employees, poor working conditions and geographical imbalances. Private sector is not developing in ways that address the weaknesses of the public sector. Poorly regulated, it operates as an isolated entity, strongly profit-driven. The increasing burdens on public health care system calls for government to abandon its passive role and take action to direct growth and use potential of private sector. The paper proposes a number of mechanisms that can be used to influence private as well as public sector, since actions directed toward one part of the system will inevitable influence the other. PMID:23678309

  3. Reception of Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac’s composing creativity in the musical life of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Austro-Hungarian period

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    Paćuka Lana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available With the arrival of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Bosnia and Herzegovina encountered Western European social trends, which affected the shaping of musical life physiognomy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. In this extremely intricate relationship between national and pro-European-oriented cultural trends, Serbian composer Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac had a special position as a unique musical phenomenon, since he was a composer whose musical talent imposed itself as an authority in strengthening the national musical expression and serving as a guideline for numerous BH artists.

  4. Towards educational inclusion in Bosnia-Herzegovina. “Project ethnography” in development anthropology

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    Federica Tarabusi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Over time, the relationship between anthropology and development has been so problematic that today many key issues and open questions remain unresolved in the academic world. Although engaged with post-modernism theoretical legacy, more recently, attention has shifted from these approaches to the work of the development organizations themselves, highlighting the bureaucratic and organizational practices through which their power is exercised. Looking at how international projects actually “work”, the most recent anthropology theories aim to move beyond the negative, critical stance that has been so dominant in the past. Moving from an educational project of decentralized cooperation, this paper hopes to contribute towards demonstrating the importance of “project ethnography” in exploring development policies and practices in post- war Bosnia.

  5. Epidemiologic and laboratory surveillance of the measles outbreak in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, February 2014-April 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salimović-Bešić, I; Šeremet, M; Hübschen, J M; Hukić, M; Tihić, N; Ahmetagić, S; Delibegović, Z; Pilav, A; Mulaomerović, M; Ravlija, J; Muller, C P; Dedeić-Ljubović, A

    2016-06-01

    A measles outbreak with two epidemic waves involving 4649 probable and laboratory-confirmed cases was recorded in six out of ten cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina between February 2014 and April 2015. The majority of the patients had never received measles vaccination (3115/4649, 67.00%), and the vaccination status of another 23% was unknown (1066/4649). A total of 281 blood samples were tested serologically. Virus detection was performed using 44 nasopharyngeal swabs. About 57% (161/281) of the laboratory-investigated sera were immunoglobulin M positive, and 95% (42/44) of the swabs were reverse transcriptase-PCR positive. Phylogenetic analysis of sequences obtained from 30 swab samples showed circulation of two variants of genotype D8, but no genotype D4 strains as detected in 2007. Similar involvement of all age groups indicates a problem with vaccine refusal resulting from antivaccination activities in addition to gaps in immunization coverage during the war and postwar period (1992-1998). Differences in ethnicity, vaccine coverage, compliance with review policies of vaccination records and potentially also travel habits may partially explain why only six of ten cantons were affected by the outbreak. The second epidemic wave may in part be due to large-scale migrations due to catastrophic floods in 2014. As a result of the epidemic, 6- to 12-month-old children may now be vaccinated against measles during outbreaks, and public health recommendations for interventions have been strengthened. Additional efforts are required to implement the measures throughout the cantons.

  6. Developing the function of human resource management with a view to building competitive advantage of enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Adisa Delić

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary business environment generates hyper changes and hyper competition, which is why enterprises are challenged to search for new sources to preserve and build competitive advantage in the global marketplace. In the theory and practice of management, the general view is that people and their knowledge are becoming a fundamental value in modern enterprises, and that successful human resource management is an important determinant of competitiveness. However, the importance of having specific knowledge and skills in the enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH is still not recognized and human resources of these enterprises are not treated in accordance with their importance. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to point to the state and prospects of human resource development in the enterprises in BiH in the context of improving their competitiveness. This paper includes the results of one part of the empirical research covering 120 enterprises from BiH. The research was conducted in order to identify and analyze the situation in the field of key phases of human resource management in these enterprises (job analysis, human resource planning, management and selection of human resources, training and human resource development, evaluation of work performance, selection and implementation of the reward system, and management of human resource fluctuation. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the human resource management in these enterprises is underdeveloped when viewed as a special managerial function or business function, but also when treated as a separate modern business orientation in which people and their knowledge are the key value in the enterprise. The study results also show inadequate organizational treatment of human resource management in the enterprises in BiH, considering that managers’ awareness about the importance of establishing a department of human resources in these enterprises is still not

  7. Long term January–March and May–August temperature reconstructions from tree-ring records from Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    T. Levanič

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available We present the first spring and summer temperature reconstruction for the north-western part of the Balkan Peninsula. The reconstruction is based on tree-ring width measurements from 7 representative black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. We found a significant, positive influence of above-average January–March temperatures on 4 sites (Blace, Peručica, Šator, Konjuh and a negative influence of above-average May–August temperatures and a positive relationship with an above-average sum of May–August precipitation on tree-ring width formation from 3 sites (Krivaja, Prusac, Šipovo. A 31-yr running correlation between temperature and precipitation of the May–August period and tree-ring indices gave a stable relationship between 1901 and the 1960s, after which values of correlation coefficients decrease to the level of significance. A change in summer cyclones in the central part of the Adriatic Sea is presented as a possible cause of the divergence with the climate signal. In the period of calibration and verification of the linear model for the group of 3 sites (Krivaja, Prusac, Šipovo, the best relationship was found between tree-ring indices and mean May–August temperatures of the current year. For the group of 4 sites (Blace, Peručica, Šator, Konjuh, the relationship between tree-ring indices and mean January–March temperatures of the current year is the strongest. The developed models were used for reconstruction of May–August temperatures for BiH for the period 1701–1901 and January–March temperatures for the period 1685–1901. Using the method of percentiles (85th and 15th we identified extreme hot/cool summers and warm/cold springs and compared them to available documentary historical sources and other reconstructions from the broader region.

  8. Assessment of the success of implementation of new rule book on salt iodination in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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    Tahirovic, H; Imsiragic-Zovko, S; Toromanovic, A; Begic, L

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the success of an increase in the level of salt iodization which was increased to 20-30 mg iodine per kilo of salt, 2 yr after the introduction of the new mandatory salt iodination. This prospective study was performed at level of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBH). We singled out 60 cluster school-based surveys (6 cluster surveys in each canton) with equal representation of urban and rural areas. Within each cluster, between 10 to 30 subjects (both males and females) aged 11, 12, 13 and 14 were randomly selected. The study included a total of 962 schoolchildren. The mean iodine level per 1 kg of salt for whole FBH was 21.4+/-5.2. It ranged from 2.1 to 41.3 mg/kg. A significant improvement in urinary iodine excretion medians was detected in the current survey in all cantons and on the entire territory of FBH, compared to results from a previous study conducted in 1999. The urinary iodine excretion in schoolchildren in the whole FBH varied from 50.6 to 303.8 mug/l with a median of 139.5 mug/l. Values of urinary iodine iodine supplementation of salt in 2001 was successful and that FBH is presently iodine sufficient. In the future, however, program for monitoring of iodine prophylaxis has to have two major aims: firstly, control of iodine content in salt at different levels especially at retail shops and at imported salt and secondly, iodine deficiency disorders control. Also, a periodic measurement of urinary iodine excretion needs to be planned together with the neonatal TSH screening and the establishment of a notification system for cases of hyperthyroidism.

  9. Importance of the Country of Origin from the Consumers’ Perspective in the Research Context of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Marija Čutura

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to establish the level of importance of the country of origin (COO in the purchasing process of different categories of consumer goods in the research context of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H. Design/Methodology/Approach – The study is based on primary data collected through a survey questionnaire on a consumer sample in B&H. The analysis consists of several levels: establishing a level of COO importance for consumers; establishing a level of consumer familiarity with a COO; identifying the influence of consumer ethnocentrism on the level of COO importance. Findings and implications – ANOVA and T-paired tests highlighted the importance of COO to vary across product categories. The results of regression analysis showed that consumer ethnocentrism significantly influences the level of COO importance in the purchasing process. The results contribute to the thesis that COO has a diagnostic value for the consumers in the purchasing process and can therefore be used as a marketing tool in providing better market acceptance and positioning of products. Limitations – This research has a limited scope considering that it is a single-market study, but also because of the small range of researched product categories. Further research studies should consider a wider range of product categories, as well as a cross-cultural research approach to explore the importance of COO on the overall purchasing process. Originality – This study represents an integrative approach to the phenomenon of COO, consisting of consumer ethnocentrism, product characteristics, and consumer perspective regarding COO importance and familiarity.

  10. The Spiritual Approach to Group Psychotherapy Treatment of Psychotraumatized Persons in Post-War Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Mark Agius

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Psychological trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD may have an intensive negative impact on a patient’s spiritual beliefs or his/her belief in God; this effect may diminish the social and professional skills of many survivors. In the same time researches showed that religion plays a coping role among patients with medical and mental health illnesses. During the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina (1992-1995 the whole population, regardless of age, gender, nationality or profession, suffered severely. During the pre-war period in communistic Yugoslavia religious believes altered with atheistic public life styles. Additionally, war traumatization had a negative impact on spirituality and religious beliefs. In the series of case reports we intended to describe and assess the impact of a session of group psychotherapy, with spiritual topics and content, which was offered to patients who needed to reestablish religious beliefs. The patients who come to the Psychiatry Clinic because of trauma-induced mental health problems and who we are interested in strengthening their spirituality met each other in the group regardless of their religious or spiritual conviction. We described the conceptualization and development of such a group and present some self-reported views of clients who took part in these groups. The supportive and empathetic presence of such group in the community helps to prevent withdrawal and isolation, alienation and deviation of traumatized persons. The presence of such group facilitates the rehabilitation process of the victims, allowing them to understand that people are available to them in certain critical moments, to help, to offer protection or to console. Groups like this one, offer long term social and spiritual support to extremely severely traumatized victims.

  11. Medical services of Croat people in Bosnia and Herzegovina during 1992-1995 war: losses, adaptation, organization, and transformation.

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    Bagaric, I

    2000-06-01

    During the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH), Croatian people in BH had 19,600 (2.6%) killed and 135,000 (17.6%) displaced persons, and 222,500 (28.9%) refugees. They lost around two thirds of both physicians and other health personnel, and were left with 8. 5% of prewar patient beds. Fortunately, the organized defence against Serbs was initiated in time and Croats defended the territories where they formed majority. The first defense unit established was the Medical Corps Headquarters (MCH), caring for soldiers and civilians alike. The MCH was soon incorporated in the Croatian Defense Council (CDC, armed forces of Croatian people in BH). The MCH had two chains of command. One went through the district commanders of medical services and their subordinated physicians to paramedics in military units, and the other directly to the commanders of 14 war hospitals. After its formation in 1993, the Ministry of Health took the jurisdiction over the civilian medical services and after the Washington Peace Agreement (April 1994) over the war hospitals, too, whereas the medical services within military units remained under control of the Ministry of Defense. Dayton Peace Agreement divided BH into the Federation of BH and Republic Srpska, each with their own army. The Federation of BH Army is composed of the CDC and Bosniac-controlled Army of BH, with overall numerical ratio 1:2.3 for Bosniacs, and organized in accordance with NATO standards. Military medical services are provided by the Logistics Sector of both Ministry of Defense and Military Corps Headquarters (Joint Command).

  12. TETRAHEDRITE FROM THE DUBRAVE - DUGI DOL BARITE DEPOSITS, KREŠEVO, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ivan Jurković

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available he chemical composition of the tetrahedrite from the barite deposit Dubrave - Dugi Dol, south of the town Kreševo, Bosnia, hosted by Devonian Dolomite is as follows: (Cu10,65Ag0,073Hg0,0310,75(Fe0,81Zn0,941,75(Sb3,57As0,34Bi0,0043,91S13,00. Cation proportions are: Me2+ :Me3+ :S = 3.20:1.00:3.33. The 34S = -10.91 %o. The calculated formula is in good correspondence with the compositions of other analyzed tetrahedrites from the whole Middle Bosnian Schist Mountains. These results as those of the fluid inclusion studies of gangue minerals suggests the generation of tetrahedrites from highly homogenized, hot (190-310 C, high saline (24.2-26.3 wt% NaCl equiv. mineralizing solutions generated by mixing of ascending deep seated upper mantle (Hg, F, Cu-bearing and metamorphogenic lower crust (Zn, Fe, Ag, Au-bearing fluids with descending highly evolved Upper Permian saline formation waters. The obtained data exclude the applicability of the fractional crystallization generation model.

  13. The weak points of statistical and demographic analyses in estimations of war victims in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period 1992-1995

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    Kovačević Miladin

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In the political and war crisis which embraced Bosnia and Herzegovina in the spring of 1992 with an end of war hostilities in the autumn of 1995 when the "Dayton Peace Agreement" emerged (November 1995, a media war occurred. From the very beginning, this war had an international character. The question on the number of war victims (killed and missing "exploded" in June of 1993 when Haris Silajdžić stated that there had been 200000 dead among the Muslims. This figure uncritically became the basis for all later media and local "empirical truths" on the number of victims. All statistical and demographic disciplines were exploited to support, if not prove, the propaganda standpoints. Objectivity was oppressed by an ugly "face of the war". Having in mind the experience of the Second World War in Yugoslavia the question on the number of victims does not cease to be topical for decades after the end of the war. Bosnia and Herzegovina is more than a confirmation. This question seems to intervene (and in a way "feed of" with the most difficult political and international questions and court trials. ("International Court of Justice", indictment of Bosnia and Herzegovina against The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, namely Serbia. The methodological analysis of the most important works which deal with the question of the number of victims in the Bosnian war (above all, those done by Bosnian institutes and authors indicate the "mistakes" made by the character of these works (propaganda. The manipulation with statistical methods and numbers is not new. Methodological and numerical traps can slip even to the most informed. The use of statistics and social science in court trials seems to show Janus's face of science: on one side the authentic "moral passion" of researchers finds great sense, and on the other side special interests strive to impose themselves through the (most refined instrumentation of science and knowledge. (The example of Mr. Patrick Ball

  14. Convergence of the export structure of Romania, Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina to the structure of import demand in developed countries

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    Nikolić Goran

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The similarity coefficients of the export structures of Romania, Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina and the import structure of the EU and the U.S. have increased since 2000, but to date, they have not reached a critical turning point. This indicates that the qualities of exports from the observed transitional economies have not rapidly improved, and the export structure remains relatively unfavourable, particularly when compared to advanced transitional countries. The most important factors in the success of advanced transitional economies were: the inflow of foreign direct investment, imports of modern technology (and later, their own development, innovation, development of small and medium sized enterprises, foreign competition, the development of a market economy and macroeconomic stability. The export structures of Romania, Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia correlate with improvement in the process of transition in the observed countries. In 2009 Bosnia had the absolute lowest level of similarity coefficient among the studied countries, followed by Serbia, Romania and Croatia, which corresponds to the overall economic performance and foreign trade of the observed economies.

  15. Application of Agree II Instrument for Appraisal of Postpartum Hemorrhage Clinical Practice Guidelines in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Novo, Ahmed; Subotic-popovic, Andreja; Strbac, Savka; Kandic, Alma; Horga, Mihai

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Federal Minister of Health and Minister of Health and Social Welfare of the Republika Srpska as a Governmental health authorities in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and the Republika Srpska nominated/appointed health professionals as their representatives to a multidisciplinary Guidelines Adaptation Group (GAG). This group started with its work in September 2015. The main purpose of the guidelines development exercise is to develop guidelines with worldwide recognized methodology for clinical guidelines development and adaptation. At the end of this consultancy, GAG would have develop a clinical practice guideline on Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) through the adaptation method, starting from published international clinical guidelines and adapting it according to the country specific requirements. Methodology: During the process of identifying the best guideline for adaptation, the GAG had to pass several steps. One of the crucial steps was to identify the questions related to clinical practice and health policy for which answers are needed to be addressed by the guideline. These questions included relevant issues regarding the topic area such as diagnosis, prognosis, intervention, service delivery, and training. After that, six guidelines have been researched by the six members of the GAG to see if they answered the identified questions. Evaluating the methodological quality of the selected clinical guidelines was a second essential step before deciding which ones could best fit the needs and interests. AGREE II instrument has been chosen as methods for evaluating clinical guideline quality and appropriateness. Four appraisers conducted the assessment of each of the selected guidelines for PPH. All appraisers passed the training for the AGREE II instrument before conducting appraisals, as recommended by the AGREE collaboration. Each of the four guidelines was rated independently with the AGREE II tool by each appraiser. Results: The highest

  16. Kampanje mjerenja apsolutnog i relativnog ubrzanja sile teže u „Osnovnoj gravimetrijskoj mreži Bosne i Hercegovine“ : Measurement campaign of absolute and relative gravity in "Basic gravimetric network of Bosnia and Herzegovina"

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    Hasumana Abaza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Mjerenje apsolutnog ubrzanja sile Zemljine teže u Bosni i Hercegovini izvršeno je na četiri stanice, a u okviru projekta “Izgradnja kapaciteta za unapređenje zemljišne administracije i procedura u Bosni i Hercegovini“. Mjerenje relativnog ubrzanja sile Zemljine teže također je završeno u Osnovnoj gravimetrijskoj mreži BiH na 60 tačaka, te je izvršeno povezivanje sa stanicama na kojim je mjereno apsolutno ubrzanje sile teže. Do sada urađen posao je odlična osnova za nastavak radova na regionalnom gravimetrijskom premjeru na putu ka konačnom cilju određivanja geoida za teritoriju BiH. : Absolute gravity measurements in Bosnia and Herzegovina were carried out at four stations within the project "Capacity building for improving land administration and procedures in Bosnia and Herzegovina“ - CILAP. Relative gravity measurements were also completed in the primary gravimetric network of Bosnia and Herzegovina at 60 points, followed by connecting points with absolute gravity data. So far, completed work is an excellent basis for continuing on regional gravity measurements and determining the geoid for the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  17. Are the residents of former Yugoslavia still exposed to elevated PCB levels due to the Balkan wars? Part 1: Air sampling in Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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    Klánová, Jana; Kohoutek, Jirí; Kostrhounová, Romana; Holoubek, Ivan

    2007-08-01

    Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) spilled into the environment as a result of damaged industrial and military targets, natural resources, and infrastructure during the Balkan wars still pose a problem several years later. The aim of this project was to investigate an extent to which the residents of former Yugoslavia are exposed to elevated levels of POPs as a consequence of the wars. The atmospheric as well as the soil levels of PCBs, OCPs and PAHs were determined in Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina during five high volume air sampling campaigns in 2003 and 2004. A considerable contamination of several sites was detected (PCB concentrations in the atmosphere ranged between 67 pg m(-3) and 40 ng m(-3) for the sum of 7 indicator congeners) and the levels are reported in this article.

  18. Heavy metal distribution in tissues of six fish species included in human diet, inhabiting freshwaters of the Nature Park "Hutovo Blato" (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

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    Has-Schön, Elizabeta; Bogut, Ivan; Rajković, Valentina; Bogut, Stjepan; Cacić, Milan; Horvatić, Janja

    2008-01-01

    The aim of the study was to quantify heavy metal (mercury, lead, cadmium, and arsenic) concentration in tissues (muscles, liver, kidney, gills, and gonads) of six fish species (carp: Cyprinus carpio, tench: Tinca tinca, pumpkinseed: Lepomis gibosus, prussian carp: Carassius auratus gibelio, hasselquist: Salmo dentex, eel: Anguilla anguilla) from the freshwaters of the Nature Park Hutovo Blato, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and determine whether they are potentially harmful for human health if included in the diet. Fish were angled from the Svitava Lake in the second part of August of the year 2003, and fish tissues were stored at -18 degrees C until analysis. Heavy metal concentration was determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in the Veterinary Institute Brno, Czech Republic, and expressed as mg.kg(-1) of wet tissue. Concentration of mercury, lead, and arsenic in most tissues of all analyzed fish types is lower than the maximal allowed concentration (MAC) in most countries. Cadmium concentration is also low in muscles and gonads, but kidney, liver, and gill concentrations exceed MAC value in most countries. Hasselquist, an endemic type for that region, differs from other fish types in the fact that it has very low cadmium concentration in liver and kidney, but the highest concentration of arsenic in most tissues, especially muscles. In muscles and gonads of all fish types analyzed, Pb is present in higher concentration than Cd, whereas in liver, gills, and particularly kidney, the situation is opposite, suggesting diverse metabolic pathways and unequal bioaccumulation of these two metals in different fish tissues. Although the region of the Nature Park Hutovo Blato in Bosnia and Herzegovina is not an agricultural territory, the intensive agricultural activities in the neighboring regions already result in high cadmium concentration in inner organs of fish species analyzed. Therefore, fish types in the freshwaters of the Park may be included in the human diet

  19. Substance abuse prevalence and its relation to scholastic achievement and sport factors: an analysis among adolescents of the Herzegovina–Neretva Canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Sekulic Damir

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Substance abuse among adolescents is a major public health and social problem. However, studies rarely investigate the relationships between substance abuse, educational achievement and sport factors. Substance abuse is an even more significant problem in societies that have experienced trauma, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, which have had recent wars. The aims of this study were to investigate substance abuse among adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to study the potential gender-specific relationships between a sport factors (physical activity/exercise/athletic participation and substance abuse and b scholastic achievement and substance abuse. Methods Our sample consisted of 1,032 adolescents who were 17 to 18 years old (435 boys and 597 girls and who were in the final grade of high school. These subjects were randomly selected from the territory of Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrospective testing was performed using an extensive self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire included questions involving topics such as sociodemographic variables, scholastic variables, sport factors, and substance abuse data (smoking habits, drugs consumption and alcohol consumption using the AUDIT questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, frequencies, analyses of the differences and correlational analyses were performed. Results Our results found that greater than one-third of the boys and one-fourth of the girls were daily smokers, and almost half of the boys and one-fifth of the girls practiced harmful drinking; other drugs (i.e. heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, etc. were rarely consumed. Boys dominated in sport factors, whereas girls were more successful in scholastic achievement. Approximately 23% of the boys and 6% of the girls reported that they practiced harmful drinking and smoked simultaneously. Educational failure, which was defined as having one or more negative grades at the end of the last two

  20. Prof. Dr. Mithad Kozličić – Member of the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Miljenko Lapaine

    2013-06-01

    material and one intended for navigation, and charts by 12 cartographers produced between the beginning of the 13th century and the end of the 16th century are researched. The central chapter is dedicated to numerous cartographers and their perception of the Croatian Adriatic. The book contains basic map data, including toponymy, name of the collection and scientific and expert commentary. A list of bibliographic units and a terminology index can be found at the end. We would like to single out Professor Kozličić’s monographs Panoramas of Dalmatia by Giuseppe Rieger, published by the Hydrographic Institute of the Republic of Croatia, Split 2003, Regiones Flumina Unnae et Sanae in Veteribus Tabulis Geographicis, Una-Sana Area on Old Geographic Maps, published by the National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo and the Una-Sana Canton Archive, Bihać, 2003 and Eastern Adriatic in Work of Beautemps-Beaupré, published in 2006. Prof. Dr. Mithad Kozličić is a member of several expert societies, including the Croatian Cartographic Society, in which he was a member of the Court of Honour for several years. He received several awards and acknowledgments and this year became a member of the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina (“a member outside of working team” – citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina living abroad.Congratulations! 

  1. Constitutional Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A Unicameral Parliamentary Political System as a Solution for the Implementation of the Ruling in the Case “Sejdić and Finci vs. Bosnia and Herzegovina”?

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    Saša GAVRIĆ

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The ruling of the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg in December 2009 in the Sejdic and Finci vs. Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH case has set a clear task for BiH institutions and political elites: the political system of BiH must be reorganised in such a way so that all citizens be able to run and be elected for the BiH Presidency and House of Peoples of the BiH Parliamentary Assembly, regardless of their ethnic origin. Since 2010 till today we have heard a number of discussions on the implementation of the decision, but none of them found consensus among BiH political elites. Based on the opinions of the Venice Commission, the Swiss political system and the analysis of the actual BiH political structure, a proposal for the implementation of the ruling Sejdic and Finci will be presented in this text. It foresees the abolishment of the Presidency and House of Peoples of the Parliamentary Assembly by creating a unicameral parliamentary political system in BiH, with a more functional decision making process. The executive power will not be anymore divided between the collective head of the state (Presidency and the state government (Council of Ministers, but would be focused on only one body: the Council of Ministers.

  2. REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN EU’S BORDER AREAS: CROATIA AS A REGIONAL MODEL FOR DESTINATION BRANDING STRATEGY IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Maja PULIC

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The newest member joined the European Union (EU with a well-conceived destination branding strategy. Croatia is becoming more and more identifiable world-wide by creating a distinctive brand in order to maintain a solid positioning as a destination place. As competition is becoming more intense, an increasing number of countries struggle to make themselves visible in the global tourism market. Tourism dominates the Croatian service sector, where the bulk of the tourist industry is concentrated along the Adriatic Sea coast. Although not very successful in public diplomacy, a complex system of coordinated activities that Croatia implemented resulted in strengthening the perception and image of the overall destination brand. This research aims at exploring the Croatian destination branding strategy as a potential model for its closest neighboring country, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH. Sharing a common history, borders and people, BIH and Croatia represent a unique comparative case study for regional spill-over development between the EU and non-EU countries. Therefore, this study takes into account what has been done so far on both sides regarding destination branding strategy, thus exploring what lessons could be learned from Croatia and what is the best future regional approach for creating a BIH’s destination brand.

  3. Comparative Structural Dynamics of the Janj Mixed Old-Growth Mountain Forest in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Are Conifers in a Long-Term Decline?

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    Srdjan Keren

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Regression of conifers in European mixed old-growth mountain forests has been observed for a long period and studied from different aspects. Old-growth (OG forests in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH have not experienced heavy air pollution and chronic overbrowsing that have affected many other European OG forests, while climatic and anthropogenic disturbances have been well documented. We analysed stand structure in the Janj OG forest, compared it with inventories of Lom and Perucica OG forests (BiH and with earlier inventories of the same reserves. At present, OG forest Janj is characterized by a high growing stock (1215 m3∙ha−1. This is due to good site quality, prevalence of conifers (84% and dominant endogenous processes in recent decades. In all three OG forests, indicators of structural change exhibited progression of European beech over time. Historical evidence revealed the occurrence of warm summers and droughts followed by bark beetle outbreaks in the 1920s, 1940s and early 1950s, which in turn influenced a marked conifer decline. It seems likely that repeated canopy opening released waves of European beech regeneration. These stand structural changes have delayed the rejuvenation of conifers and can help explain the early observations of conifer decline.

  4. The contribution of the Youth Communication Center (YCC to the peace building process in the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the region

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    Kelava Vera

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Ever since its formation, the YCC has been working intensely on the reconciliation process and peace building. Over the past few years, we have implemented programs and conducted activities aimed at different categories of the population (refugees and displaced persons, ethnic minorities returnees, discharged soldiers, representatives of political parties representatives of local NGO-s, etc in more than 40 communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina and broader. During our activities, we have developed a methodology of education on reconciliation and peace building by adapting the experiences of the good practice from other countries to the needs of the local environment we work in. In addition, we also organize programs aiming at connecting the young people in the region, actions and campaigns of public advocacy aimed at bringing about democratic change on the local and on the state level, counseling and psychotherapy for the vulnerable groups of citizens, continual media promotion of reconciliation over radio programs, we organize education for local experts dealing with reconciliation issues etc.

  5. Challenge of Goodness II: new humanitarian technology, developed in croatia and bosnia and Herzegovina in 1991-1995, and applied and evaluated in Kosovo 1999.

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    Lang, S

    1999-09-01

    This paper presents improvements of the humanitarian proposals of the Challenge of Goodness project published earlier (1). In 1999 Kosovo crisis, these proposals were checked in practice. The priority was again on the practical intervention - helping people directly - to prevent, stop, and ease suffering. Kosovo experience also prompted us to modify the concept of the Challenge of Goodness. It should include research and education (1. redefinition of health, 2. confronting genocide, 3. university studies and education, and 4. collecting experience); evaluation (1. Red Cross forum, 2. organization and technology assessment, 3. Open Hand - Experience of Good People); activities in different stages of war or conflict in: 1. prevention (right to a home, Hate Watch, early warning), 2. duration (refugee camps, prisoners-of-war camps, global hospital, minorities), 3. end of conflict (planned, organized, and evaluated protection), 4. post conflict (remaini ng and abandoned populations, prisoners of war and missing persons, civilian participation, return, and renewal). Effectiveness of humanitarian intervention may be performed by politicians, soldiers, humanitarian workers, and volunteers, but the responsibility lies on science. Science must objectively collect data, develop hypotheses, check them in practice, allow education, and be the force of good, upon which everybody can rely. Never since the World War II has anybody in Europe suffered in war and conflict so much as peoples in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo. We should search for the meaning of their suffering, and develop new knowledge and technology of peace.

  6. Challenge of goodness: twelve humanitarian proposals based on the experience of 1991-1995 wars in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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    Lang, S

    1998-03-01

    Based on the 1991-1995 war experience of peoples of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, I made twelve proposals regarding the following aspects of health, humanitarian work, and human rights: 1. Broadening of the WHO definition of health by including spiritual well-being (absence of hatred) in it, 2. Inclusion of the term genocide into the Index Medicus (MeSH), 3. Establishment of concepts of prevention of hate, 4. Right to a home, 5. Right of civilians to participate in defense and renewal, 6. Right to deliberation from enslavement and right to find out the fate of missing persons, 7. Global hospital, 8. Monitoring of prisoner-of-war camps, 9. Refugee camps, 10. Providing of care for the abandoned - a new category of people suffering in war, 11. Introduction of the Helping Hand concept, 12. Organization of the Red Cross Forum after the cessation of hostilities. The fundamental objective was to establish the legitimacy of honesty in practice, regulative social mechanisms, and science.

  7. Psychosocial assistance project decreases posttraumatic stress disorder and depression amongst primary and secondary schools students in post-war Bosnia-Herzegovina

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    Mevludin Hasanović

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To assess whether psychosocial support of the School Project of the Humanitarian Society (HS “Prijateljice (Girlfriends” had a positive effect on reducing posttraumatic consequences in Bosnia-Herzegovina primary and secondary school students, aft er the 1992-1995 war. Subjects and Methods. A stratified sample of 336 students, aged 13.5±1.6 (10 to 18 years, in primary and secondary schools, involved in psychosocial support, were compared with 72 randomly selected peers from the same schools, not involved in this project. Data were collected in December 2005 and in May 2006. Th e Children’s Depression Inventory and the Child Post-Traumatic Stress Reaction Index were utilized. Statistical analysis involved McNemar’s test, Students’ t-test, Chi-square test and Pearson’s correlation test. Results. According to DSM, the prevalence of PTSD and depression among students involved in the School Project, significantly decreased from 46.1% to 13.4% and 25.6% to 1.8%, respectively (McNemar’s test,P<0.001; P<0.001, respectively. In the control group the prevalenceof PTSP and depression decreased from 30.5% to 23.6% and 22.2%to 11.1%, respectively, with no significance (McNemar’s test, p=0.332; p=0.077, significantly. Girls had a significantly higher prevalence of both PTSD and depression compared to the boys. Age, the numberof traumatic episodes, and suicidal behavior correlated with the intensity of PTSD symptoms and depression symptoms. Conclusions.Psychosocial support within the School Project resulted in a significant reduction of PTSP and depression amongst the involved students compared to the controls. Schools and other institutions ought to envisage as many projects as possible to be implemented in school and out-of-school to assist young people to overcome more easily the consequences of the war in their development.

  8. Prevalence of behavioral risk factors of non-communicable diseases among urban and rural population in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aida Pilav

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The objective of the paper is to analyze and to assess prevalence of the major behavioral risk factors among adult population (25-64 years of age in the rural and urban areas in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBIH.Methods Data were taken from cross-sectional population survey on the health status population in the FBIH. To ensure a sample representative for the adult population in the FBIH it was applied the two-stage stratified systematic sample. The survey covered a total of 2735 adult population aged 25-64 years, of which 1087 in the urban areas and 1648 in rural areas.Results. The prevalence of smoking among men in rural areas is significantly higher than among men in urban areas (69% vs. 55%, while the prevalence of smoking among women is higher in urban than in rural areas (45% vs. 31%. There is no statistically significant difference in prevalence of obesity and physical activity according to the age groups among men and women in the urban and rural areas. The frequency of changes in behavior related to acquiring healthy living habits in the rural areas is statistically significant among men and women, while in the urban areas there is no statistical significance among the sexes.Conclusions. The results indicate that there are no significant differences in prevalence of factor risks in urban and rural areas. Prevalence of unhealthy lifestyles is high, and the results should be used to improve standard planning of health promotion-prevention programs.

  9. Comparative assessment of passive surveillance in disease-free and endemic situation: Example of Brucella melitensis surveillance in Switzerland and in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Haracic Sabina

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Globalization and subsequent growth in international trade in animals and animal products has increased the importance of international disease reporting. Efficient and reliable surveillance systems are needed in order to document the disease status of a population at a given time. In this context, passive surveillance plays an important role in early warning systems. However, it is not yet routinely integrated in the assessment of disease surveillance systems because different factors like the disease awareness (DA of people reporting suspect cases influence the detection performance of passive surveillance. In this paper, we used scenario tree methodology in order to evaluate and compare the quality and benefit of abortion testing (ABT for Brucella melitensis (Bm between the disease free situation in Switzerland (CH and a hypothetical disease free situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH, taking into account DA levels assumed for the current endemic situation in BH. Results The structure and input parameters of the scenario tree were identical for CH and BH with the exception of population data in small ruminants and the DA in farmers and veterinarians. The sensitivity analysis of the stochastic scenario tree model showed that the small ruminant population structure and the DA of farmers were important influential parameters with regard to the unit sensitivity of ABT in both CH and BH. The DA of both farmers and veterinarians was assumed to be higher in BH than in CH due to the current endemic situation in BH. Although the same DA cannot necessarily be assumed for the modelled hypothetical disease free situation as for the actual endemic situation, it shows the importance of the higher vigilance of people reporting suspect cases on the probability that an average unit processed in the ABT-component would test positive. Conclusion The actual sensitivity of passive surveillance approaches heavily depends on the context in

  10. An Examination of the Ethnicity-Specific Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Substance Use and Misuse: Cross-Sectional Analysis of Croatian and Bosniak Adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Dusko Bjelica

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Substance use and misuse (SUM in adolescence is a significant public health problem and the extent to which adolescents exhibit SUM behaviors differs across ethnicity. This study aimed to explore the ethnicity-specific and gender-specific associations among sports factors, familial factors, and personal satisfaction with physical appearance (i.e., covariates and SUM in a sample of adolescents from Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In this cross-sectional study the participants were 1742 adolescents (17–18 years of age from Bosnia and Herzegovina who were in their last year of high school education (high school seniors. The sample comprised 772 Croatian (558 females and 970 Bosniak (485 females adolescents. Variables were collected using a previously developed and validated questionnaire that included questions on SUM (alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, and consumption of other drugs, sport factors, parental education, socioeconomic status, and satisfaction with physical appearance and body weight. The consumption of cigarettes remains high (37% of adolescents smoke cigarettes, with a higher prevalence among Croatians. Harmful drinking is also alarming (evidenced in 28.4% of adolescents. The consumption of illicit drugs remains low with 5.7% of adolescents who consume drugs, with a higher prevalence among Bosniaks. A higher likelihood of engaging in SUM is found among children who quit sports (for smoking and drinking, boys who perceive themselves to be good looking (for smoking, and girls who are not satisfied with their body weight (for smoking. Higher maternal education is systematically found to be associated with greater SUM in Bosniak girls. Information on the associations presented herein could be discretely disseminated as a part of regular school administrative functions. The results warrant future prospective studies that more precisely identify the causality among certain variables.

  11. Construir la paz en Bosnia-Herzegovina : Retos, límites y oportunidades de la reabilitación posbélica

    OpenAIRE

    Romeva, Raül

    2002-01-01

    Esta conferencia se basa en las conclusiones de la tesis doctoral que lleva por título: “Rehabilitación posbélica y construcción de la paz. El caso de la ayuda internacional a Bosnia-Herzegovina”, defendida en junio de 2002 en la UAB, y parte de la cual ha servido de base para el libro ¡Dejemos a Bosnia en paz! Lecciones, retos y oportunidades de una posguerra actual (2003, Libros de la Catarata). La ponencia fue presentada en el marco del Seminario Internacional: Compaginando Desarrollo y Se...

  12. Roots of pharmacy practice in bosnia and herzegovina from the ottoman and austro-hungarian period: attars' mission for pharmaceutical care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zunic, Lejla; Masic, Izet

    2015-02-01

    Significant role in how they played, and Jews Sephardim who came to Bosnia from Spain and Portugal in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. It is those were the first owners of districts-Shop herbs or pharmacy. Along with them were developed and Muslim attars, who founded and attars marketplace in Sarajevo. Experience and knowledge in the domain of medicine and healing practiced by old Bosnian Sephardim been acquired for centuries, is now mainly found on the shelves.

  13. Distribution and age-related bioaccumulation of lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), and arsenic (As) in tissues of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and European catfish (Sylurus glanis) from the Buško Blato reservoir (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Has-Schön, Elizabeta; Bogut, Ivan; Vuković, Rosemary; Galović, Dalida; Bogut, Ante; Horvatić, Janja

    2015-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to quantify the bioaccumulation of Pb, Hg, Cd, and As in tissues of carp (Cyprinus carpio) and catfish (Silurus glanis) from Buško Blato in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Arsenic concentrations were below the Maximal Admissible Concentration (MAC) for Croatia and other countries. Mercury concentrations were below 1 mg kg(-1), but in most muscle samples of both species and all catfish liver samples, the values were higher than 0.5 mg kg(-1) (higher than the MAC for many countries including Croatia). Lead concentrations were higher than 1 mg kg(-1) (the MAC for Croatia) in most muscle samples; all kidney and most catfish liver samples also exceeded 1 mg kg(-1). Cadmium concentrations in all tissues, other than the gonads, were higher than 0.1 mg kg(-1) (MAC for Croatia), with the highest concentrations found in the kidneys. The only gender difference was found in carp, where a 68.4% higher concentration of As was found in the fry compared to the milt (P<0.05). Concentrations of all of the elements were higher in catfish compared to carp for most tissues. Significant correlations were found between all of the elements in the muscles and the liver of carp. In catfish, the muscles were the only tissue in which multiple correlations were found. Linear positive correlations with age and body mass were demonstrated for the concentrations of all heavy metals for all tissues except the gonads in both fish species. We concluded that significant heavy metal accumulation in carp and a catfish tissues correlates with age and body mass; bioaccumulation is species- and tissue-specific and is different for each element.

  14. No difference in the intention to engage others in academic transgression among medical students from neighboring countries: a cross-national study on medical students from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Macedonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Đogaš, Varja; Donev, Doncho M.; Kukolja-Taradi, Sunčana; Đogaš, Zoran; Ilakovac, Vesna; Novak, Anita; Jerončić, Ana

    2016-01-01

    Aim To asses if the level of intention to engage others in academic transgressions was comparable among medical students from five schools from neighboring Southern-European countries: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia; and medical students from western EU studying at Split, Croatia. Methods Five medical schools were surveyed in 2011, with ≥87% of the targeted population sampled and a response rate of ≥76%. Students’ intention to engage a family member, friend, colleague, or a stranger in academic transgression was measured using a previously validated the Intention to Engage Others in Academic Transgression (IEOAT) questionnaire and compared with their intention to ask others for a non-academic, material favor. Data on students’ motivation measured by Work Preference Inventory scale, and general data were also collected. Multiple linear regression models of the intention to engage others in a particular behavior were developed. Results The most important determinants of the intention to engage others in academic transgression were psychological factors, such as intention to ask others for a material favor, or students’ motivation (median determinant’s β of 0.18, P ≤ 0.045 for all), whereas social and cultural factors associated with the country of origin were either weak (median β of 0.07, P ≤ 0.031) or not relevant. A significant proportion of students were aware of the ethical violations in academic transgressions (P ≤ 0.004 for all transgressions), but a large proportion of students also perceived academic cheating as a collective effort and were likely to engage people randomly (P ≤ 0.001 for all, but the most severe transgression). This collective effort was more pronounced for academic than non-academic behavior. Conclusion Culture differences among neighboring Southern-European countries were not an important determinant of the intention to engage others in academic cheating. PMID:27586553

  15. Influence of some socio-economic factors on growth and development of the boys in the Tuzla region (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redzić, Amira; Hadzihalilović, Jasminka

    2007-06-01

    The impact of certain exogenous factor (socio-economic, ecological) has been investigated with special attention paid to the parents' living standard, and number of family members on some anthropometric parameters like: body height, body mass, chest circumference, upper leg circumference, upper arm circumference, sitting height, arm length, leg length, pelvis width, shoulders width, lenght of head and with of head on the sample of 698 boys aged 11 to 16 (17) years in the Tuzla region (the northeastern Bosnia, Western Balkan peninsula). Anthropometric measurements have been carried out using methodology proposed by the International Biological program (IBP). The results of these investigations have shown that there is a certain impact of the socio-economic conditions on the growth and development of boys. Children from families that have better living standard are, as a rule, taller, which is indicated by the statistical significant differences (P > 0.01). This trend indicates also value of Body Mass Index (BMI), which is in younger children from the families with lower living standard 16, while in the same category in the children from the families with better living standard it has value 18.5. The real impact of living conditions on the dynamics of development could be the best seen in the period of puberty. The number of children in the family has negative relationship with anthropometric features. Statistically significant differences (P > 0.001) have been detected in numerous analysed features in families with one or two children in comparison with families with three, four, or five children. Therefore, BMI has been significantly lower (16) in children from families with several children, while in the families with one child in the same growth class (11 years) it was significantly higher (17.4). Similar value of BMI (17.9) have children from the families with five children and which are 17 years old. Besides socio-economic conditions, high level of

  16. Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Euro-Atlantic Integrations

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    Nataša Filipović

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research paper is to highlight reasons of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s slow progress on its Euro-Atlantic path, in order to propose a final solution. The importance of this issue is relevant particularly now, because on the one hand, Bosnia and Herzegovina submitted its official application to join the European Union in February 2016, and on the other hand, it has been blocked since April 2010 on its NATO integration path due to the Dayton Peace Agreement Constitution’s paradoxes and historical disagreements. Many authors have previously written about Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Euro-Atlantic Integrations but not many of them published academic works after the Bosnian formal application for the European Union membership, which represents an important step for this post-war country. The main approach used is analytical; which includes academic research and understanding of Bosnian contemporary history as a root of current political, economic and social crisis. Finally, the result is that Bosnia and Herzegovina’s progress is not satisfactory and moreover, the only solution for the future of Euro-Atlantic Integrations is a reform of its current Constitution, but equally a change of the international community’s attitude towards Bosnia and Herzegovina. This paper aims to contribute to further academic research in the field of international relations regarding future integration of the Western Balkans in the Euro-Atlantic bloc.

  17. History Culture and Banal Nationalism in post-War Bosnia

    OpenAIRE

    Torsti, Pilvi

    2004-01-01

    This article analyses post-war history culture in Bosnia and Herzegovina using the concept of banal nationalism. Through a description of Bosnia’s post-war history culture – that part of public culture where people face the past in their daily lives, i.e. books, films, monuments, museums, buildings, pictures, photographs, plays and so forth – the article demonstrates the division of Bosnian history culture into three variants and analyzes the main characteristics of...

  18. LOTUS field demonstration of integrated multi-sensor mine-detection system in Bosnia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schavemaker, J.G.M.; Breejen, E. den; Benoist, K.W.; Schutte, K.; Tettelaar, P.; Bijl, M. de; Fritz, P.J.; Cohen, L.H.; Mark, W. van der; Chignell, R.

    2003-01-01

    The successful demonstration of the LOTUS landmine detection system was discussed. The demonstration of the integrated multi-sensor mine-detection system took place in August 2002 near the village of Vidovice, in the northeast of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The system consisted of a metal detector (MD)

  19. TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNER STUDENTS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA SPEAKING ANXIETY INVESTIGATION OF DIFFERENT VARIABLES/YABANCI DİL OLARAK TÜRKÇE ÖĞRENEN BOSNA-HERSEKLİ ÖĞRENCİLERİN KONUŞMA KAYGILARININ ÇEŞİTLİ DEĞİŞKENLER AÇISINDAN İNCELENMESİ

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    Emrah BOYLU

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this study are to examine the Turkish speaking anxieties of the students who are learning Turkish as a foreign language in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to evaluate it in terms of different variables. 63 students participated in this research. The data was collected from “the Speech Anxiety Scale” developed by Melanlıoğlu and Demir (2013 and “Personal Information Forms” conducted to students. Concerning this study, which examines the Turkish speaking anxieties of the students who are learning Turkish as a foreign in Yunus Emre Turkish Cultural Centre Sarajevo with several variables in terms of student learning as a foreign language speaking anxiety, it can be declared that the students feel anxiety up to some extent but the level of this anxiety is not high. According to the survey results, the average scores of the speaking anxiety of the male students are a little more than female students; but there is no significant difference between the sex, age, professions, levels continued, visiting Turkey before, and using the Turkish language out of class of the students’ and the Turkish speaking anxieties. Bu çalışmada, Türkçeyi yabancı dil olarak öğrenen Bosna-Hersekli öğrencilerin konuşma kaygıları belirlenmeye ve çeşitli değişkenler açısından değerlendirmeye çalışılmıştır. Araştırmaya 63 öğrenci katılmıştır. Araştırmaya temel teşkil eden veriler, Melanlıoğlu ve Demir (2013 tarafından geliştirilen “Konuşma Kaygısı Ölçeği” ve araştırmacılar tarafından hazırlanan “Kişisel Bilgi Formu” ile toplanmıştır. Saraybosna TKM’de Türkçeyi yabancı dil olarak öğrenen öğrencilerin konuşma kaygılarının çeşitli değişkenler açısından incelendiği bu araştırmada, öğrencilerin Türkçe konuşurken belli bir oranda kaygı duydukları; fakat bu kaygının yüksek olmadığı söylenilebilir. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre, erkek öğrencilerin konu

  20. BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA MONETARY SYSTEM AND TRADE DEFICIT

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    Marko Đogo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Currency Board system in BHgained solid confidence of BH public thanks to therelatively low inflation rate in the period since it hasbeen introduced as well as thanks to its resistance tothe shock created by current world economy crisis.Still, some economists are very suspicious about itslong terms subsistence relating it to the constantlyhigh trade deficit and low unemployment rate in thecountry. A discussion about satisfaction of Marshal-Lerner-Robinson’s requirement for successfuldevaluation has arisen because the foreign currencyexchange rate was one of the measures suggested bythis group of economists. Tests conducted in thispaper show that this requirement is not satisfied.Consequently, BH should turn to the real economyreforms instead of the measures of abandonment ofpresent monetary system.

  1. Money as Justice: The Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Alma Begicevic

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available If reparations are universally accepted as a victims’ right to remedy, included in numerous international law instruments, why is it then that victims are unable to access it? By taking a socio-legal approach to the problem of post-war monetary reparation, the study examines the nexus between money, justice and recognition. At a normative level the study examines how reparations are conceptualized and their meaning in post-conflict transition. At a procedural level it identifies obstacles and gaps in the national, regional and international legal architecture and at an empirical level it investigates people’s experiences in regards to accessing monetary reparations. The study considers the meaning of money in post-war reparation and state transformative processes and significance of civil law in addressing serious violations of human rights and gross violations of humanitarian law. Si universalmente se acepta que las reparaciones son un derecho de las víctimas a obtener una compensación, recogido en numerosos instrumentos de derecho internacional, ¿por qué las víctimas no son capaces de acceder a él? Este artículo analiza la relación entre dinero, justicia y reconocimiento a partir de un enfoque sociojurídico de la reparación económica de posguerra. A nivel normativo, el estudio examina cómo se conceptualizan las reparaciones y cuál es su significado en la transición post-conflicto. En nivel procesal, identifica obstáculos y lagunas en la arquitectura legal nacional, regional e internacional, y a nivel empírico, investiga las experiencias de las personas en el acceso a reparaciones económicas. El estudio tiene en cuenta el significado del dinero en las reparaciones de posguerra y los procesos de transformación del estado y el significado del derecho civil al abordar violaciones serias de los derechos humanos y graves violaciones del derecho humanitario.DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2831415

  2. Windcube + FCR test at Hrgud, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagner, Rozenn; Bejdic, Jasmin

    by about 1.5%; but this deviation was fairly independent from the wind direction. This measurement campaign also highlighted a couple of important technical points, such as the importance of well protecting the lidar power supply in order to avoid any damage of the instruments, due to lightning hits...

  3. Consumer Attitude Toward Mobile Marketing in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Irma Jasarspahic

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Driven by the ongoing evolution in mobile technologies and the increasing popularity of the internet, the mobile marketing is becoming more and more popular to marketers whose aim is definitely to promote their goods and services to the consumer. Since many people are still unaware of the potential of marketing via mobile devices this research aimed to examine factors based on content of mobile marketing (entertainment, information, irritation, utility and personalization and frequency factor that are affecting the formation of attitude toward mobile marketing targeting BH consumers, and also will try bring to light the response behavior of consumers attitude toward mobile marketing practices and how consumers perceive mobile marketing in BH. The research approach for this study is descriptive and the data was collected by 200 online surveys from young population of BH. The data was analyzed using the software program SPSS. Based on analysis and findings, variables of content have different effect on consumer attitude. Research has shown that a lot of respondents believe mobile marketing is a good idea and that they certainly eases the need for products and services. This paper could be used as a good basis for future research on bigger sample.

  4. Cooperation after War: International Development in Bosnia, 1995 to 1999

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    Eric C. Martin

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses how predispositions, incentives, the number and heterogeneity of participants, and leadership (Faerman et al. 2001 jointly influenced the international effort to develop Bosnia and Herzegovina. International coalitions, task forces, and advisory groups are increasingly charged with implementing reforms following civil conflict. This requires a complex web of interorganizational relationships among NGOS, donors and host nations at both global and ‘ground’ levels. To better understand development assistance, attention must be paid to the relationships between these varied players. We find that four factors influenced relationships between policy, donor, and implementing organizations; and those strained relationships, in turn, affected development success. The paper draws on interviews, conducted in Bosnia, with 43 development professionals, observation of development meetings in Tuzla and Sarajevo, and review of related documents from international development programs.

  5. [Travel experiences in Central- and Eastern Europe: Bosnia--the land behind the mirror].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Offerhaus, L

    2000-01-15

    Bosnia-Herzegovina is an artificial state created after four years of gruesome war; it is composed of two countries intertwined like the pieces of a jigsaw puzzle. An uneasy truce binds the two halves, the Republika Srpska and the Muslim-Croat Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina together. Under the conditions of the Dayton accord these two have to collaborate and unify their administrative systems under the watching eye of the European Union (EU) and thousands of heavily armed soldiers and policemen. One of these EU-sponsored programmes is the unification of systems of acquisition, registration and distribution of medicines, delegated to the EU reconstruction programme PHARE. Whereas the Serbian half used to buy its drugs from Belgrade, the Muslim-Croatian half was almost fully dependent on international aid. Though some of the local experts have been very helpful, both systems are riddled by corruption and inefficiency and a successful outcome will be little short of a miracle.

  6. Sustainable Mountain Tourism: An Analysis of Bosnia-Herzegovina’s Wine Tourism and its Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hudelson John

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia-Herzegovina (B-H remains one of the most underdeveloped countries on the European Continent [1] yet it holds great potential as a tourist destination for outdoor adventurers, history enthusiasts, and now, wine connoisseurs. The southern part of this merged nation has always been an area of wine production, but the industry has been slow to develop into a net exporter of its wines. The author and many of the industry’s supporters believe that it would be more lucrative to follow in the footsteps of its western neighbor, Croatia, and develop the wine industry through wine tourism. Utilizing historical data, interviews, analysis of governmental statistics, review of the literature and finally a SWOT analysis, this paper suggests changes and expenditures required for Bosnia-Herzegovina to become a successful wine tourism destination. It is hoped that the suggestions made herein will direct further discussions if not actions in that direction.

  7. Diversity of nuclear short tandem repeat loci in representative sample of North-eastern Bosnian and Herzegovina population

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    Hadžiavdić Vesna

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Diversity of nuclear microsatellite markers were analyzed in a reference sample of the population of northeast Bosnia and Herzegovina. 437 samples taken from unrelated individuals were processed and three samples of paternity proof were shown. Detection effectiveness profile of the research, points to a valid choice of method of extraction, amplification and genotyping short tandem repeat (STR loci with PowerPlextm16 kit. Genetic analysis of allelic variants of the 15 STR loci PowerPlextm16 kit detected 17 samples determined as rare allelic variants or microvariants. Samples were divided into 15 different allelic variants at 7 different loci, and are: in locus D7S820, D16S539, D3S1358, D18S51, PENTA D, PENTA E and in locus vWA. Genetic analysis of mutations in cases of paternity determined three examples of single-step mutations in the loci FGA, Penta D and D3S1358. Genetic analysis of observed STR loci detected three allelic variant of genotype combination 7/10/11.3 in locus D7S820 Type II. Population genetic analysis of STR loci in a representative sample of the population of northeast Bosnia and Herzegovina included the application of the assessment tests of within-population genetic diversity and interpopulation diversity, as well as genetic differentiation between populations: North-eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH and BH general reference, then the Croatian population, Macedonian, Serbian and Slovenian. Based on the result analysis of specific forensic parameters, it can be assumed that the most informative marker is PENTA E for population genetic analysis and forensic testing in the population of northeast Bosnia and Herzegovina. Research results fit regional STR database of this part of Europe.

  8. YURT DIŞINDA YAŞAYAN TÜRK ÇOCUKLARININ ANA DİLİ KULLANIMI VE KÜLTÜR AÇISINDAN KARŞILAŞTIKLARI SORUNLAR: BOSNA HERSEK ÖRNEĞİ / MOTHER LANGUAGE USAGE AND CULTURAL IN TERMS PROBLEMS FACE WITH OF TURKISH CHILDREN LIVING ABROAD: THE CASE OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Mustafa ARSLAN

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, mother language usage of Turkish kids who live in Bosnia and their interactions with their parents, cultural issues and problems of parents about keeping up their culture and language were investigated. Individuals who decided to live in abroad with different reasons have to be related with the culture and language of the place where they have been. It has been known that kids at school age have facing problems not only learning their mother tongue but also country's language. This situation cause problems on children's education and in their cultural identity. A culture of its own does not occur native and non-conscious children. Begin to experience personal problems these individuals where they once lived. It is experiencing this problem today, thousands of Turkish children living abroad. In a content of a qualitative research a survey created to seek the opinions of experts and scan the the related resources. And data collected via face to face meetings with mentioned children's parents. And the collected data was analyzed in excel. In Bosnia there isn't any book and a schedule to aim to teach Turkish language as mother tongue and there isn't any plan about the development of learning mother tongue with activities indoor or outdoor of the school. And also it's observed that they remain foreign to their culture and they are under influence of the culture where they live.

  9. A new Pseudoscorpion from Bosnia: Roncus bosniensis n. sp. (Neobisiidae, Pseudoscorpiones

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    Ćurčić B.P.M.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species of troglobitic false scorpion, Roncus bosniensis n. sp. (Neobisiidae, Pseudoscorpiones, is described from inside an underground habitat, the Jama Pored Puta Pit, nr. Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The analyzed pseudoscorpion proves to differ from all other congeners, but is closest to R. hajnehaj Ćurčić & Dimitrijević. It is possible that the subterranean pseudoscorpion analyzed represents a relict of an old tropical faunal pattern of the Mediterranean. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 173038

  10. Health Effects of Sexual Violence against Woman as a War Weapon: Case of Bosnia War

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    Sibel Gogen;

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Health effects and human rights dimensions of sexual violence against women, a public health and human rights problem, evaluated by the case of Bosnia War. METHODS: Bosnia War, United Nations resolutions, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY cases, activities of NGOs, approaches of WHO, Dayton Peace Agreement, current health programs were evaluated with the health effects and human rights dimensions of sexual violence against women. RESULTS: Sexual violence against women and systematic rapes were used as an “ethnic cleaning” tool and war weapon during Bosnia War, estimated 20.000-60.000 women and girls were raped systematically, captivated in rape camps, exposed to sexual violence. Medical care following the sexual violence against women and rape should include; Determination and teatment of injuries, forensic notice and documentation, preventive and curative services for Sexually Transmitted Diseases including HIV/AIDS, emergency contraceptive services, safe medical abortus, follow up of pregnancies, psychosocial support and services and training of health care professionals. Mental Health Reform became a priority health topic for Bosnia Herzegovina aftermath of the Bosnia War. Taking measures to prevent social stigmatism of the victims, economic support and implementation of rehabilitation programs, punishment of the perpetrators to repair social and community bonds are important. ICTY investigates and punishes the crimes of rapes and sexual violence against women. CONCLUSION: UN defines the violence against women and rapes during wars as “crime against humanity”. Besides improving the status of women, comprehensive approaches with the cooperation of medical, legal and social organisations are needed. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2011; 10(1.000: 119-126

  11. Croatia and Bosnia: the imprints of war--I. Consequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, R

    1999-06-19

    As Serbia and Kosovo emerge from yet another European war, their people's health and the region's health care, scientific research, and medical education have been seriously damaged and disrupted. There are lessons to be learned from recent Balkan wars, lessons that might help doctors, international relief organisations, and governments to do better than they have done elsewhere during the long reconstruction period that will follow this recent savage conflict. An analysis of the medical legacies of war may also raise issues for doctors worldwide to consider as part of their role in a larger public-health community. For a week in May, 1999, I travelled to Croatia and the Croat-Muslim Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina to meet doctors working in peace but next to war. In the first part of this essay, I briefly survey some of the medical consequences of the Croatian and Bosnian conflicts. In the second part, to be published in the June 26 Issue, I consider plans for and limitations to restoration, and try to identify possible opportunities for prevention of the adverse health effects of war in a newly enlarged Europe.

  12. Effects of nebivolol on artery hypertension--multicentre study Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusljugić, Zumreta; Divković, Katarina; Baraković, Fahir; Smajić, Elnur; Arslanagić, Amila; Hadziomerović, Mustafa; Fazlibegović, Emir; Midzić, Zlatko; Abdović, Enes; Krneta, Milenko; Celik, Radenko; Basić, Hajro; Avdić, Bajro; Delić, Adnan; Macić-Dzanković, Amra; Keco, Nedzad; Boskailo, Hajra

    2005-02-01

    Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases; drugs that reduce blood pressure and simultaneously improve or reverse endothelian dysfunction, as nebivolol, may be advantageous in terms of cardiovascular protection. The objective of this study is to show the anti-hypertensive efficacy and safety of nebivolol (5 mg once a day) given to patients with arterial hypertension for 3 months. It should also provide information about drug's influence on laboratory tests--fasting blood glucose and serum cholesterol, triglyceride and creatinine concentrations. Six centers--Tuzla, Sarajevo, Mostar, Bihac, Zenica and Banja Luka participated in this prospective study with follow-up period of 3 months that included 3 visits. The study group consisted of 328 hypertensic patients. Results showed a significant decrease in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate at the end of the study. Fasting blood glucose level and serum cholesterol, triglyceride and creatinine changed significantly during the study, with lower levels of all the tests. Nebivolol seems to be free from some of the problems that generally accompany not only the classical beta- blockers but sometimes also newer classes of antihypertensive drugs. With its high anti-hypertensive efficiency and safety, and presence of statically significant difference in laboratory tests and beneficial effects, absence of adverse interaction with glucose and lipid metabolism, patients treated with Nebivolol may show an optimal adherence to therapy.

  13. Globalization Opportunities and Their Implications on Business Operations and Competitiveness of Companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Hasan Mahmutovic; Azra Hadžiahmetovic; Sead Talovic

    2014-01-01

    Globalization provides new business opportunities for companies all over the world and, at the same time, puts before them new challenges they need to adapt to in order to achieve success in the market. Also, global trends impose on the companies requirements for enhancement of competitiveness as a key determinant of their success in both local and international market. This research deals with the implications of globalization opportunities on business operations and competitiveness of compa...

  14. Job Satisfaction of Banking Sector Employees in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emira KOZAREVIC

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Banks worldwide are looking for new and creative ways to operate and achieve competitive advantages under the global recession conditions. The recession effects have forced the banks to look into more effective utilisation of internal resources and their potential. Human resources are recognised as the key element in successful business navigation through difficult market conditions, including competition with other banks and non-banking financial institutions. This is even more important for the banks operating in developing countries, where the effects of the recession are considerably harsher. Many studies have acknowledged the direct link between productivity and the level of employee satisfaction. This work aims to establish and recognise some of the main factors associated with the job satisfaction of banking employees in the Federation of BiH and provide useful guidance to bank managers in this region and beyond, as a contribution to their continuous improvement efforts in business and people management during these challenging times. The research is predominantly based on the survey conducted in the banking sector of the Federation of BiH in 2013. The survey sample covers 529 respondents that represent 7.4% of the overall banking employee sector base of 7,130. The analysis of survey results, supported by empirical research and the review of related literature, revealed that job satisfaction amongst the bankers is determined by a wide spectrum of factors such as: demographic characteristics, management and supervision, monetary compensation, non-monetary recognition, work environment, job responsibility and type of tasks, social atmosphere at work and general satisfaction with life.

  15. Embodiment of terror: gendered violence in peacetime and wartime in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olujic, M B

    1998-03-01

    Gendered violence is not a special type of torture used only in war. Its roots are well established in peacetime. This article discusses parallels between the patterns of everyday domination and aggression during times of peace and war. Further, it discusses how metaphors and acts of rape in peacetime are transformed into symbols and acts of rape for wartime purposes. During peacetime the individual body, especially its essence--sexuality and reproduction--becomes the symbol of everyday domination and aggression. Wartime transforms individual bodies into social bodies as seen, for example, in genocidal rapes or ethnic cleansing, which are thought to purify the bloodlines. Then, institutions--that is, medical, religious, and government establishments--further reinforce the wartime process by manipulating the individual/social body into the body politic by controlling and defining "human life" and using political rapes to entice military action by the West. The final transformation (at the war's conclusion) is the reformation of the social body back into the individual body, making the individual body once again the focus of dominance and aggression as the acceptable social "order."

  16. ETHNOCENTRISM AND ANIMOSITY IN CONSUMER BEHAVIOR IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Berberović

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to examine ethnocentrism of BiH consumers, animosity tendencies, and consumers' notions of products originating from two neighboring countries – Croatia and Slovenia. The aim is to expose the causal relation between the expression of an individual's animosity, her/his understanding of neighboring countries' image, and her/his degree of ethnocentrism. Klein, Ettenson and Morris (1998 argued that animosity (one of COI – Country of Origin Image aspects affects consumer behavior, but not the assessment of products originating from this country. This study seeks to examine this argument. The regression analysis confirmed this assumption on a sample of 300 BiH consumers. Additionally one marketing scale and one psychological scale were used: one for measuring consumer ethnocentrism, and the other for measuring country of origin image. This study used the method of mall intercepts – intercepting customers in large shopping malls. Data was processed using ACNOVA, Cronbach alpha and hierarchical regression analysis.

  17. Marketing Factors Affecting Leasing Selection in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Case Study on VB Leasing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almir Ljeskovica

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In constantly changing environment all types of companies need some support from various types of funding institutions. Companies use their own resources to finance some projects or purchases but also take loans, mostly from banks to have additional support or in case of lack of money. Beside small, medium, as well as big companies, physical persons also use different types of financing to achieve their goals and fulfil their needs. Financing companies need to recognize the criteria on which prospective customers establish their financing selection decision. Planning a proper marketing strategy in order to attract new customers is of crucial importance in identifying these criteria. The main purpose of the study is to identify which factors affects people to choose leasing services. For data collection and analyse both, qualitative and quantitative study is conducted. Data for this study were collected through surveys delivered to 65 VB Leasing users from Sarajevo region. Out of 65, 57 useful responses were accepted for further analysis. Also interview was done with director of VB Leasing for qualitative study in order to get more insights in this topic. Findings of the study show what are the important factors for leasing selection and these information can support leasing managers in designing marketing strategies for perspective customers.

  18. ANALYZING CONSUMER BEHAVIOR IN ONLINE GROUP BUYING IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lejla Selimovic

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Online buying is one of the most popular activities on the Internet, and within that group buying is one of the activities in the trend as a popular form of electronic commerce. Group buying is a worldwide phenomenon, and more recently very popular form of doing business on the local market. But the reasons why consumers are practicing such purchases, how they behave when buying, and what motivates them to buy are still not fully explored. The purpose of this paper is to get an insight into what the main factors are that the online consumers take into consideration when purchasing online. This paper will show how a new form of Internet commerce has found a way to turn the economic crisis to its benefit. Respectively, how consumers, encouraged by a limited purchasing power, unite and strengthen their position against the sellers to obtain a volume discount. The paper is based on an online questionnaire conducted by the authors on a sample of 562 respondents in BiH.

  19. Teachers’ Perception of Aggressive Behaviour in Children: Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Tahirovic, Senija

    2015-01-01

    Aggressive behaviour in children and youth is a widespread phenomenon. Antisocial behaviour that includes certain kind of aggressive behaviour can occur and disappear again during a child’s development. However, from a psychological perspective aggression can be one of the problematic types of behaviour in children with long-lasting negative consequences.The aim of this research is to examine teachers’ perceptions of the types of aggressive behaviour as well as to find out the causes for the ...

  20. Five Years of Constitutional Jurisprudence in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A First Balance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Marko

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The article reflects the experiences of the author after having served as one of the three international judges of the Constitutional Court of BiH from 1997 to 2002. Based on the relevant case-law of the Constitutional Court it gives a basic overview of the constitutional structure of BiH and analyses the position of the Court vis-à-vis other institutions established under the Dayton-Agreement and the powers of judicial review and human rights protection based on its appellate jurisdiction. Moreover means of interpretation and the elements of constitutional doctrine elaborated through case-law as well as organisational and procedural matters such as the role of dissenting opinions are discussed. In conclusion the article reflects the role of the Constitutional Court in transition from an ethnically divided and war-torn society to democracy and the effective protection of human and minority rights.

  1. Management knowledge and skills required in the health care system of the Federation bosnia and herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slipicevic, Osman; Masic, Izet

    2012-01-01

    Extremely complex health care organizations, by their structure and organization, operate in a constantly changing business environment, and such situation implies and requires complex and demanding health management. Therefore, in order to manage health organizations in a competent manner, health managers must possess various managerial skills and be familiar with problems in health care. Research, identification, analysis, and assessment of health management education and training needs are basic preconditions for the development and implementation of adequate programs to meet those needs. Along with other specific activities, this research helped to determine the nature, profile, and level of top-priority needs for education. The need for knowledge of certain areas in health management, as well as the need for mastering concrete managerial competencies has been recognized as top-priorities requiring additional improvement and upgrading.

  2. Correlation between water hardness and cardiovascular diseases in Mostar city, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knezović, Nevenka J; Memić, Mustafa; Mabić, Mirela; Huremović, Jasna; Mikulić, Ivanka

    2014-12-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the association of cardiovascular disease (CVD) of selected human subjects with the hardness of water they consume. Laboratory testing of physical and chemical parameters of water were made using standardized methods: Standard Methods 19th edn, 1995 (APHA, AWWA & WEF, Washington, DC), and ISO 7888:1985, ISO 10523:1998. Pearson's chi-squared test was used for the statistical analysis of data, with the significance level of 0.05. The obtained data were analysed using the statistical program SPSS 16.0. The study sample consisted of 1,021 individuals divided into two groups: soft water consumers, 603 individuals, and, hard water consumers, 618 individuals. Results indicate that a statistically significant (χ(2) = 5.315; df = 1; p = 0.021) number of individuals with CVD drink soft water. The prevalence of CVD in the age group 45-60 years in the study area where soft water is consumed was 21.3% and in the study area where hard water is consumed the prevalence of CVD was 13.7%. The summary results indicate significant correlation between the prevalence of CVD in the population group who drink soft water. The value of the relative risk is 1.127.

  3. Engaging Youth in Community Development: Post-War Healing and Recovery in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasumagic, Larisa

    2008-01-01

    In the aftermath of the Bosnian war, the country has been challenged with the task of responding to the atrocities that culminated in the killing of thousands of people. Furthermore, the country's resultant political instability and economic underdevelopment have been complicated by the multiple transitions to which it has been subject since the…

  4. Catalogue of the Lichenized and Lichenicolous Fungi of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilovitz, Peter O; Mayrhofer, Helmut

    2010-06-01

    The catalogue is based on a comprehensive evaluation of 152 published sources. It includes 624 species (with 4 subspecies and 13 varieties) of lichenized and 17 species of lichenicolous Ascomycota, as well as 9 non-lichenized Ascomycota traditionally included in lichenological literature.

  5. Heavy Metal Contents in Spices from Markets in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Huremović, J.; Badema, B.; Muhić-Šarac, T.; Selović,, A.; Memić, M.

    2014-01-01

    Spices are some of the most common foods in the human diet around the world. Spices are dried parts of plants used often as diet components to improve aroma and acceptability of food. The aim of this work was to determine the contents of seven heavy metals (Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) in spices available at local markets in Sarajevo. Metal concentrations in six spice samples (black pepper (Piper nigrum), basil (Ocimum...

  6. Herbicide and pesticide occurrence in the soils of children's playgrounds in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapcanin, Aida; Cakal, Mirsada; Imamovic, Belma; Salihovic, Mirsada; Pehlic, Ekrem; Jacimovic, Zeljko; Jancan, Gordan

    2016-08-01

    Pesticide pollution in Sarajevo public playgrounds is an important health and environmental issue, and the lack of information about it is causing concerns amongst the general population as well as researchers. Since children are in direct contact with surface soils on children's playgrounds, such soils should be much more carefully examined. Furthermore, herbicides and pesticides get transmitted from soil surfaces brought from outside the urban areas, or they get dispersed following their direct applications in urban areas. Infants' and children's health can be directly affected by polluted soils because of the inherent toxicity and widespread use of the different pesticides in urban environments such as playgrounds. In addition to that, the presence of chromated copper arsenate (CCA) wood preservative pesticide found as soil pollutant in playing equipment was also documented. Soil samples from playgrounds were collected and analyzed for triazines, carbamates, dithiocarbamates, phenolic herbicides and organochlorine pesticides. Samples for the determination of heavy metals Cu, Cr and As were prepared by microwave-assisted acid digestion, and the findings were determined by using an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer. Triazines, carbamates, dithiocarbamates, chlorphenoxy compounds, phenolic herbicides, organochlorine pesticides and organotin compounds were detected in playground soils and their determined concentrations (mg/kg) were respectively found as follows: playground soils.

  7. Conditions and development tendencies of touristic offer in Kupres municipality (Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ante Šiljeg

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Data on tourism represent a basic indicator of the tourist market situation. The very course of the development of a tourist destination, the distribution of tourist resources, as well as the possibility of implementing changes in the tourist offer, all depend upon this data. Strong competition and the increasingly demanding visitors cause the responsible authorities to conduct constant planning and coordination. The term "tourist planning" implies an integral and strategic planning which includes: destination analysis, defining goals, adoption of strategies and programs, planning of land usage, organization of market, defining the desirable economic effect of tourism, and the cooperation of all subjects in the tourist offer. The efficacy of such planning reflects in the tourism indicators which serve as a framework for the assessment of an existing situation and the forming of management guidelines. One of the most relevant indicators of conditions is the opinion of tourists who rate the advantages and the shortcomings of tourist offer in the area which they visit, as well as the opinion of the indigenous population which participates in the creation of the tourist offer.The results of this paper are based upon the conducted survey among the visitors of sport-recreational centres Čajuša and Stožer, and the indigenous population of Kupres municipality. The structural characteristics of the examinees and the values of the actual opinions on the tourist offer have been determined. The perceived discrepancies in the answers from Croatian and domestic visitors indicate a tradition of visiting similar European destinations. The increase in number of tourists by 50% has been achieved in the last several years, primarily thanks to the snowmaking on the ski slopes, but also due to an improved tourist offer (ski courses, ski-lifts, ski kindergarten, snowboard slopes, traditional food, etc.. Although the pre-war tourist capacities still wait for a renewal, the foreign investments rapidly restructure the tourist offer and have a positive impact on the economy.The use of GIS technology has allowed a simple analysis and data storage, making it possible to create a cartographic visualization. Thus, an accuracy in data presentation has been ensured, and each of the attractive factors in tourism has been associated with attribute data in the database. This type of planning guarantees a more responsible and efficient management of resources of a tourist destination and is crucial for the overall economic development of an area.

  8. Depression in Parents of Children with Cerebral Palsy in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Sinanović

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to examine depression in parents of children with cerebral palsy, with hypothesis to have more depressive symptom among mothers of children with cerebral palsy. The sample of examinees (between 23 and 62 age was used in this research. The first subsample of examinees (N=23 was made of mothers (average 33±5.83 of children with cerebral palsy. The second subsample of examinees (N=12 was made of fathers of children with cerebral palsy (average 38±9.8. The third subsample of examinees (N=16 represented the control group, and it was made of mothers of children without disorders (average 38±6.57. For the purpose of quantitative measurement of depression, the Zung self-evaluated method for depression was applied. All data research were processed by parametric and nonparametric statistics. The frequencies and percents were also calculated, and Kruskal-Valis single-factor analysis of variants was applied for checking the hypothesis. According to the results of this research, it was concluded that there was no statistically significant difference in the evaluation of depression between mothers and fathers of children with cerebral palsy, as well as there is no statistically significant difference in relation to mothers of children without disorders

  9. People's Attitudes versus Politics: Segregated Education in Post-War Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torsti, Pilvi

    2009-01-01

    Education was an important part of the identity politics of socialist Yugoslavia, created after the Second World War under Partisan leadership. It has even been suggested that efforts towards nation building in Yugoslavia were carried out mainly through the education system and history education (Diegoli, 2007, 49-50; Hopken, 1997, 82; Wachtel…

  10. OUTSOURCING OF PRODUKTION TO BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA - INTERPLAY BETWEEN THEORY AND PRACTICE-

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhic, Sefik; Mason, Anthony George

    1999-01-01

    a total ownership or joint venture). This will give similar problems and possibilities with the transfer, acceptance and application of production and economic principles and practicalities. Based on the hypothesis that the transfer of production and technology is effected by the various factors...... of their findings, taking all relevant factors into account. There will be an evaluation of the implementation of the local technological resources, natural resources, workforce, infrastructure and an analysis of the problem areas.One of the further aims of the paper is to investigate, how this "country analysis......Abstract:Because of the growth of internationalisation of the world's markets, in recent years Danish companies, as other countries industries, have noticed, a sharper international competitiveness and faster technological developments, integrated into manufacturing.After the opening of the former...

  11. Q-fever, human and animal morbidity in some regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in 2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zvizdić, Sukrija; Bajrović, Tarik; Beslagić, Edina; Puvacić, Sandra; Velić, Ramiz; Maglajlia, Jasminka; Hamzić, Sadeta; Kapić, Elvedina; Zvizdić, Amra

    2002-01-01

    Q-Fever is a worldwide zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetti. C. burnetti is an obligate intracellular parasite. It lives in phagolysosome of the host cell. By its infection of the sensitive persons develops the acute noncharacteristic disease, which passes noncharacteristically, with the appearance of higher temperature, headache, fever, weakness of the organism or by the appearance of symptoms of the undifferentiated infection of the upper parties of the respiratory system. In the course of the infection is being developed the intersticial pneumonia, what is the reason of the infected hospitalization. Most often get sick the sheep, cows and goats, what showed also on our examined sample. In most animals the symptoms of this bacterial infection are not present, pass unobviously, and get turned out during their gravidity. The most important carriers of the causes of this disease on the domestic or wild animals are artropodes, in which within the kind is possible also the transvatial and transstadial transfer. The wild animals transfer the disease at the domestic ones, and people most often are infected by contact with these animals, their consuming of meat or milk or by contact with their secretions. Though, the most important way of getting infected of people is aerosol contaminated by the carrier as these bacteria for a long get kept in the contaminated dust, wool, animal skin, fur, straw and the excretions of the infected animals. In the illusorilly healthy and pregnant animals the bacteria are to be found in the fertile water, chorions, and placenta, that is C. burnetti becomes the cause of the premature birth or abortion in these animals. In this way comes to the bacterial contamination of the environment of the animal itself. The diagnosis of Q.-Fever is complement fixation test, indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFT) and enzyme immunoassay (EIA).

  12. Regadenoson in Myocardial Perfusion Study - First Institutional Experiences in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beslic, Nermina; Milardovic, Renata; Sadija, Amera; Ceric, Sejla; Raic, Zeljka

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is widely used in the evaluation of known and suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Imaging of heart in stress and rest enables the comparison of myocardial uptake of radiotracer in proportion to the needs and coronary flow, which is used for detection of perfusion defects. Exercise stress and pharmacologic agents are used for the stressing purpose. Novel pharmacologic stressor regadenoson is A2A selective adenosine agonist, which selectively binds to the adenosine receptors in coronary arteries causing coronary dilatation. Materials and methods: We analyzed 50 myocardial perfusion studies performed with regadenoson as a pharmacologic agent that was injected before Tc99m-sestamibi in stress imaging. Stress and rest sets of images were evaluated for relative uptake of Tc99m-sestamibi in order to detect and characterize perfusion defects. After the injection of regadenoson, hemodynamic parameters and potential side-effects were closely monitored. Side-effects were stratified per severity as mild, moderate and severe. Studies were read by nuclear medicine physicians using quantitative perfusion SPECT software. Additional diagnostic information such as wall motion and wall thickening were provided by gating. Results: Thirty-three patients (66%) experienced one or more side-effects upon the administration of regadenoson, most commonly warmth and chest discomfort. In all patients but one (98%), the symptoms were mild, of short duration and self-limiting. Out of all side-effects registered, 44 (96%) were mild, and 2 (4%) were moderate. Two moderate side-effects developed in one patient with a prior history of asthma, and included shortness of breath and cough. Heart rate changed by 16 +- 31 bpm. Highest increase in blood pressure was 30 mm Hg for systolic, and 10 mm Hg for diastolic. One case of significant decrease in blood pressure was noted from the hypertensive basal values, 50 mm for systolic, and 30 mm Hg for diastolic. ST segment depression of up to 1 mm occurred in 4 cases (8%), and T-wave changes in 3 cases (6%). No conduction abnormalities, significant hypotension, symptomatic bradycardia or cardiac arrest ocurred. Conclusion: Our first institutional experiences proved regadenoson as A2A selective adenosine agonist as a pharmacologic stressor to be safe, tolerable and easily used. Its safety profile enabled the study to be performed in patients with respiratory disease also. PMID:28077904

  13. Controversy and Concerns in the Relationship of Medicine and the Media in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Hajdarevic, Braco; Slaku, Jasmina; Masic, Izet

    2010-01-01

    Summary Medicine and the media are two areas important in the life of every man, which are in almost daily contact with each other and in dependence. Their relations in BiH are currently elemental, focused on direct, immediate needs, without defined rules, with a lot of disorientation, incompetence and irresponsibility, often without respect for at least the minimum rules of conduct and respect, often with a lot of conflict and hostility. The goal of our work is based on the analysis of newsp...

  14. Has the Dayton Peace Agreement Stopped Progress in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    continues to struggle. The Dayton Peace Agreement provided a policy answer for a Volatile, Uncertain, Complex and Ambiguous ( VUCA ) situation in the...former Yugoslavia. As with VUCA driven policy actions it could not address all of the dynamics in play to ensure a positive long term outcome for BiH...Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). Soon after its establishment, SFRY would become unique in the world of Communism and socialism. 9 To the

  15. ICT Usage of Pre-service Teachers: Cultural Comparison for Turkey and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirli, Cihad

    2013-01-01

    The importance of ICTs has become the undisputed in the present century. Studies have been conducted to investigate the use of ICTs with the goal of increase in quality of teacher education for a long time. This study is a cross-cultural comparison in terms of pre-service teachers' level of ICT usage, ICT knowledge and attitudes. The study was…

  16. The Pace of Peace on the Viability of Bosnia and Herzegovina Twelve Years after Dayton

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    the Bosnia’s postwar politics. The key veto players are the RS parties, which have been suspicious of most reform efforts for undermining the...dismissal of police officers) as evidence of the ineffectiveness of veto players . The government has the power to govern in principle, but its ability

  17.   Open Source E-learning for Medical Schools in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dørup, Jens; Dahl, Mads Ronald; Simunovic, V.

    2005-01-01

    difficulties and with "brain drainage" of young physicians to more developed countries. Five medical schools, Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzzla, Mostar, and Serb Sarajevo are collaborating in an EU supported Tempus project, Dictum (www.rzuser.uni-heidelberg.de/˜r28/DICTUM/index.php) with the support of EU member...

  18. The politics of NGO registration in international protectorates: the cases of Bosnia and Iraq.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolton, Matthew; Jeffrey, Alex

    2008-12-01

    Following international interventions in Bosnia-Herzegovina(1) and Iraq, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have played a central role in delivering humanitarian relief, encouraging participation in new systems of government, and advocating on behalf of marginalised groups. Although intervening agencies have framed such autonomous organisations as unquestionably virtuous, scholars have increasingly questioned the agency of NGOs, pointing to the constraining effects of funding and regulatory mechanisms. This paper contributes to this body of work by offering a detailed examination of legislation requiring NGOs to register with nascent state institutions. Drawing on case study material from Bosnia and Iraq, it argues that NGO registration should not be dismissed as a technical or legal matter, but that it should be embraced as a significant political practice embedded in relations of power. Registration legislation has increased the transparency of NGO funding origins and institutional practices, yet it has simultaneously acted as a barrier to smaller organisations and led to the transmission of international objectives through civil society entities.

  19. How Effective Was Civil Affairs in Bosnia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-13

    of the “Roman empire, then Charlemagne , then the Ottomans, the Austro-Hungarians, and finally the Slavs ruled it politically. The faiths of the...day Europe including Bosnia. Around this time, the Byzantine Empire rose to prominence. Byzantine Emperor Justinian conquered the geographic area...the name Bosnia. The Byzantine Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus discussed the lands that had been bestowed upon a Serbian Prince, using that name

  20. Bosnia - pelgupaik islamiradikaalidele? / Nicholas Wood ; tõlk. Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wood, Nicholas

    2006-01-01

    Bosnias avastas politsei 2005. aasta sügisel ühes korteris suure hulga relvi ning suitsiidivöösid, sellele on järgnenud mitmeid vahistamisi. Euroopa julgeolekuteenistused kardavad Bosnia muutumist terroristide baasiks

  1. Bosnia ja Kosovo riigiloomise õppetunnid / Karin Maandi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maandi, Karin

    2005-01-01

    OSCE missiooni koosseisus Kosovos ning Bosnias ja Hertsegoviinas viibinud Karin Maandi kirjeldab aspekte, mis on olnud olulised stabiilsuse tagamisel Balkanil ja Afganistanis. Autori sõnul ei võta välismaailm konflikti sekkudes tihti arvesse, et konfliktist on puudutatud paljud valdkonnad ja et pakutud lahendused peavad sobima kohalikesse oludesse. Lisa: Õppetunnid

  2. Campos de estupro: as mulheres e a guerra na Bósnia Rape camps: women and war in Bosnia

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    Andréa Carolina Schvartz Peres

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A guerra na Bósnia-Herzegóvina organizou territórios etnicamente e redefiniu as categorias étnico-nacionais - sérvia, croata e bosniac (muçulmana. Enquanto os soldados combatiam nas linhas de frente, inúmeras eram as atrocidades testemunhadas em outros campos de batalha: casas, vilas, cidades, campos de detenção e concentração e os campos de estupro. Faço neste artigo uma revisão da discussão acerca do estupro na guerra na Bósnia, como este pode ser visto como arma de guerra e um instrumento de limpeza étnica e de tentativa de extermínio.The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina ethnically organized territories and redefined the ethno-national categories and groups - Serbs, Croats and Bosnians (Muslims. Beside the battles between soldiers at the front lines, several atrocities used to happen in other fields: homes, villages, cities, detention places, concentration camps, and the rape camps. This article introduces the debate about the rapes that occurred during the war in Bosnia and the ways to understand them: as a war weapon, as an ethnic cleansing tool, as an attempt to extermination.

  3. Gaining Strength For A New Future: Bosnia And Herzegovina’s Export Opportunities

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    Emin Civi

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available International trade is crucial for Bosnia and Herzegovina’s (B&H economic prosperity. In this study guidance to B&H exporters is provided by identifying potential markets and products to focus on when designing future trade strategies. To this end trends in the world trade and trade patterns are examined using various approaches.  First approach to identify the potential markets for the B&H exports called for identifying the countries with highest general demand for Bosnia and Herzegovina’s current export products. The products Bosnia and Herzegovina exports most along with the countries that demand these products the most in the world are identified. The second approach for identifying the potential export markets for B&H products examine the import volumes of other countries in the world. Still a more fruitful approach for the B&H exporters, at least in the short term, is to target the markets with the fastest growth of import volumes (the third approach. In the fourth approach, “untapped trade” and “highly untapped trade” countries that should be targeted by B&H exporters are presented. The fifth approach for identifying the potential export markets for B&H products is based on examining the products whose imports increased fastest in recent years and the countries that imported these products most.  The products/product groups that have the highest potential for B&H export success are also identified. First, most imported products as well as the products/product groups whose exports increased the fastest in recent years are examined. Second, the import volumes ten countries with the highest total imports are examined on a product basis to identify the products they import most as well as the products with the highest growth rate of imports. Third, product categories with “untapped trade potential” and “highly untapped trade potential” along with their respective markets are presented.  Long term sustainable success

  4. Post-conflict housing restitution : the European human rights perspective, with a case study on Bosnia and Herzegovina

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buyse, Antoine Christian

    2008-01-01

    The loss of one’s house is often one of the most dramatic personal consequences of armed conflict. In fragile post-conflict societies such a loss does not only cause a flow of refugees and other displaced persons, but it can also be a source of renewed conflict. Restitution of housing could help to

  5. ELISA subtypization of anti-ENA autoantibodies in clinical management of autoimmune diseases in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subasic, Djemo; Karamehic, Jasenko; Gavrankapetanovic, Faris; Hodzic, Harun; Kasumovic, Mersija; Delic-Sarac, Marina; Prljaca-Zecevic, Lamija

    2009-01-01

    The basis of autoimmune diseases such as SLE (Systemic Lupus Eritematodes), Sjogren's syndrome, scleroderma, dermatomyositis and polymiositis is the creation of auto-antibodies to the following specific extractable nuclear antigens (ENA):Jo-1, Ssl-70, SS-A, SS-B, Sm and Sm/RNPs. Some of these antigens are in fact enzymes (Jo-1-histidil-tRNA synthetase, Scl-70-topoisomerase) which are inhibited by specific autoantibodies--this leads to disturbance in the metabolism of DNA and protein biosynthesis. During 2009, we analyzed total of 87 serum samples of patients suspected for autoimmune disorder using ANA-IFA and ELISA-ENA-6 methods. After establishing IFA-ANA positivity (83.9%), all serum specimens; ANA positive and negative, were subtypized by ELISA ENA-6 test. Analysis showed the highest incidence of anti-SS-A (56%), and incidence of anti-SS-B (29.8%), anti-Sm/ RNP (11.5%), anti-Jo-1 (2.3%) and anti-Scl-70 (1,1%) auto-antibodies. Also, 78.5% of IFA-ANA negative serum specimens showed high level of positivity (212.50 and 277.0 IU/ml) to SS-A (78.5%) and SS-B (21.4%) antigenes using ELISA-ENA-6 subtypization. Following these results, we conclude that it is necessary to introduce Western blot confirmation testing. After comparing with other clinical findings, we diagnosed the following autoimmune diseases: SLE, Sjogren's syndrome and dermatomiosytis.

  6. Efficiency of a single-rate and broad-based VAT system: the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Dinka Antić

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the performance and efficiency of the VAT system in B&H and explore the effects of internal and external factors influencing VAT collection. The VAT system in B&H is a consumption-type, single-rate and broad-based system. Ever since its implementation, VAT collection in B&H has been subject to strong oscillations, from an extremely high performance in the first two years after the introduction, to a sharp drop at the beginning of the crisis. After a temporary recovery, VAT collection declined in the last quarter of 2012 and has been negative ever since, although a weak recovery of the B&H economy was observed in 2013. The key hypothesis is that the high efficiency of the broadbased and single-rate structured VAT system may be neutralized by the country’s specific circumstances and VAT policy design. Applying a set of indicators for VAT efficiency analysis, developed by IMF, OECD and EU, we find a deterioration of the components of the policy gap caused by derogations of the VAT Law, and an increasing compliance gap, due to an increase of the VAT debt and tax evasion, in consequence of poor policy design in the field of excises. As a result of the influence of the country’s specific circumstances and its VAT policy design the identifiable current net losses on VAT in 2013 amount to 4% of net VAT collection or 0.4% of GDP. The analysis presented in the paper proves the main hypothesis that a VAT design, even when it is close to theoretically ideal concept, cannot on its own produce a high level of VAT efficiency and performance.

  7. How States Carry Out Acts of Terror: Wars, Strategies and Tactics in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo

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    MA. Astrit Lleshi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Terrorism is a notoriously difficult concept that defies single universal definition. Terrorists intentionally employ violence in order to instill fear in their victims and the wider public. Terrorist movements aim to achieve their political, social and/or religious goals through use of violent acts. (Hoffman, 1998: 43 In most cases terrorism is perpetrated by non-state actors and is "bottom up" challenge to the existing political order. However this article argues that the nature of the crime and not the perpetrator should determine whether some criminal act constitutes terrorism and acts of terror can also be committed by states and/or state actors. In this article, the author will examine the overall strategy and tactics used by the Milosevic and Karadzic regimes in BiH and Kosovo to fulfil their wartime ambitions of maintaining and consolidating control over Serb and Serb-occupied territory, relying primarily upon the indictments and judgments of the ICTY in which they and members of their armed forces acting under their authority have been charged and/or convicted of war crimes and terror, along with reports from international organizations such as the United Nations and other sources. Through an analysis of these tactics against leading definitions of terrorism, it will be demonstrated that rather than fighting against terrorists and insurgents, the Milosevic and Karadzic regimes carried out acts of terror during the wars in Kosovo and BiH, respectively, and furthermore Milosevic was sponsoring state-terrorism in BiH (Blakely, 2012: 3-4.

  8. Prediction of the Y-Chromosome Haplogroups Within a Recently Settled Turkish Population in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doğan, Serkan; Doğan, Gŭlşen; Ašić, Adna; Besić, Larisa; Klimenta, Biljana; Hukić, Mirsada; Turan, Yusuf; Primorac, Dragan; Marjanović, Damir

    2016-04-01

    Analysis of Y-chromosome haplogroup distribution is widely used when investigating geographical clustering of different populations, which is why it plays an important role in population genetics, human migration patterns and even in forensic investigations. Individual determination of these haplogroups is mostly based on the analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers located in the non-recombining part of Y-chromosome (NRY). On the other hand, the number of forensic and anthropology studies investigating short tandem repeats on the Y-chromosome (Y-STRs) increases rapidly every year. During the last few years, these markers have been successfully used as haplogroup prediction methods, which is why they have been used in this study. Previously obtained Y-STR haplotypes (23 loci) from 100 unrelated Turkish males recently settled in Sarajevo were used for the determination of haplogroups via 'Whit Athey's Haplogroup Predictor' software. The Bayesian probability of 90 of the studied haplotypes is greater than 92.2% and ranges from 51.4% to 84.3% for the remaining 10 haplotypes. A distribution of 17 different haplogroups was found, with the Y- haplogroup J2a being most prevalent, having been found in 26% of all the samples, whereas R1b, G2a and R1a were less prevalent, covering a range of 10% to 15% of all the samples. Together, these four haplogroups account for 63% of all Y-chromosomes. Eleven haplogroups (E1b1b, G1, I1, I2a, I2b, J1, J2b, L, Q, R2, and T) range from 2% to 5%, while E1b1a and N are found in 1% of all samples. Obtained results indicate that a large majority of the Turkish paternal line belongs to West Asia, Europe Caucasus, Western Europe, Northeast Europe, Middle East, Russia, Anatolia, and Black Sea Y-chromosome lineages. As the distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroups is consistent with the previously published data for the Turkish population residing in Turkey, it was concluded that the analyzed population could also be recognized as a representative sample of the Turkish population residing in Turkey.

  9. Epilepsy in Children with Intellectual Disability in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Effects of Sex, Level and Etiology of Intellectual Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Memisevic, Haris; Sinanovic, Osman

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the occurrence of epilepsy in children with intellectual disability. An additional goal was to determine if there were statistical differences in the occurrence of epilepsy related to the sex, level and etiology of intellectual disability of children. The sample consisted of 167 children with intellectual…

  10. The consequences of judicial obligations as a politics of transition in post-war Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Croatia

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    Veljanovska Michelle

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the idea of victimhood from the individual to societal level within the context of transitional justice and reconciliation. The idea of justice and truth has gained considerable prevalence within post-war states in the Balkan region. The reform of the state has required the regeneration of society based on particular legal interpretations of the political violence. As a result, an era of judicial obligations has come to frame how society regenerates, reforms and rehabilitates. Therefore the paper discusses the consequences of wartime victimization in terms of local responses to how ‘the past is processed’ through Transitional Justice institutions like the International Criminal Tribunal of Yugoslavia (ICTY, and associated ad-hoc mechanisms, like outreach programs. The establishment of such judicial processes have set off particular questions like can society be seen as victim? How is society victim? Using a socio-political approach, such questions are problematised through a political defeat paradigm to reveal a particular political anxiety that underwrites the new societies and their politics. This is where the idea of “state anxiety” and “political defeat” are used to discuss what has locally formed out of such politics of transition.

  11. Monitoring jonosfere i svemirskog vremena u Bosni i Hercegovini : Monitoring of ionosphere and space weather in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Džana Horozović

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Zbog svoje disperzivne prirode, jonosfera uzrokuje kašnjenje koda, odnosno ubrzanje faze signala Globalnih navigacijskih satelitskih sistema - GNSS. Usprkos napretku metoda GNSS pozicioniranja, jonosferska refrakcija je još uvijek jedan od najvećih izvora pogrešaka geodetskog pozicioniranja i navigacije. Različiti fenomeni svemirskog vremena, kao: solarni vjetar, geomagnetna oluja, solarna radijacija, može oštetiti GNSS satelite, dalekovode i elektrodistributivnu mrežu, itd. Zato je važno ustanoviti metode istraživanja i monitoringa svemirskog vremena. Istraživanje jonosfere i svemirskog vremena je predmet ovog rada. Opisan je postupak konstruiranja SID (engl. sudden ionospheric disturbances – iznenadne jonosferske smetnje monitora. Analiza je pokazala da je jonosferska monitoring stanica u Sarajevu SRJV_ION 0436 sposobna otkriti pojačano zračenje. : Due to its dispersive nature, ionosphere causes a group delay or phase acceleration of the signals from Global navigation satellite systems - GNSS. Despite the progress of GNSS positioning methods, the ionospheric refraction is still one of the greatest source of the errors in the geodetic positioning and navigation. Different phenomenons oft he space weather: solar wind, geomagnetic storm, solar radiation, can damage GNSS, and electric power distribution networks but That is why it's important to establish research and monitoring methods of the space weather. The subject of this paper is the investigation of ionosphere and space weather. Procedure of constructing a SID (engl. Sudden ionospheric disturbances monitor station are described. The analysis showed that ionosphere monitoring station in Sarajevo, SRJV_ION 0436, was able to detect increased solar radiation.

  12. Postgraduate studies (1978-1985 at the Medical Faculty of the University of Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Husref Tahirović

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The Postgraduate studies (PS at the Medical Faculty (MF of the University of Tuzla (UT were founded with the aim of training future staff of the MF in scientific research work. The course lasted four semesters. Up to 1986, classes were attended by five generations or 141 postgraduate students, and 57 of them received their Master’s degree (MSc’s. Classes were held every week on Fridays and Saturdays. One part of the classes was taught at the MF in Szeged (Hungary. Besides teachers from the UT, classes were also taught by teachers from other universities from the former Yugoslavia and abroad. The most important textbooks were: Cell and Molecular Biology by de Robertisa, Mathematics and statistics for use in pharmacy, biology, and chemistry by Saunders & Fleming, and Kako se pišu saopštenja o medicinskim istraživanjima (How to write reports of medical research by Rajko Igić. Searching the index base Pub Med at the end of 2014, by the surnames and initials of the names of the 57 masters, we found that they had published 14 articles before completing their MSc’s and 821 articles after completing their Master of Science. Later, 35 masters received PhDs and were appointed assistant professors, and later they were also appointed to higher ranks. Conclusion: Looking at the results of the PS, MF of the UT in the above mentioned period, it can be said that the PS was the place where the formation began of the future scientific and teaching staff of the MF in Tuzla.

  13. A RESEARCH ANALYSIS OF THE LEVEL OF EMPLOYEES’ SATISFACTION BY TRAINING PROGRAMS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BANKING SECTOR

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    Adisa DELIĆ

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Investment into people through education, professional training in accordance to bank’s needs, and work on “nurturing” the readiness to challenges and changes are all significant starting points for achieving bank competitiveness. Identifying the dominant forms of employee training and determining the level of employee satisfaction by the existing training programs, which is the basic goal of this paper, enable bank managers to obtain valid information on appropriate changes of certain training programs and development of employees. The paper presents the results of the empirical research conducted in a subject BiH bank, aimed at defining the methods of employee training that are characteristic of the banking sector and the level of employee satisfaction by training programs they attend. The research included 172 employees of the subject bank. The authors believe that the critical analysis of the employee training and development methods applied in the banking sector as well as the criteria for selecting the programs for the realization of these methods can lead to widening the scientific knowledge in the field of human resource management in banking and to creating specific recommendations for bank managers which they can/need apply in their practice in order to improve the entire business operations.

  14. ESTGUARD-1 kolmandat kuud Bosnias / Margus Müür

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müür, Margus

    2006-01-01

    Alates 9. detsembrist 2005 viibib Bosnia-Hertsegoviina Vabariigis Kaitseliidu liikmetest koostatud rahuvalverühm ESTGUARD-1, mille ülesandeks on Tuzla lennubaasi ja selle juures asuva sõjaväelaagri Camp Eagle Base valvamine ning kaitsmine

  15. Bosnia paraneb sõjahaavadest visalt / Väino Linde

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linde, Väino, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vooremaa, Valgamaalane, Nädaline 7. okt. lk. 2, Hiiu Leht 10. okt. lk. 4, Järva Teataja 12. okt. lk. 2. Autor osales OSCE rahvusvahelise vaatlejana Bosnia ja Hertsegoviina üldvalimistel

  16. Tagaotsitav Bosnia serblaste juht on väidetavalt tabatud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Serbia telekanali TV BN teatel tabati Belgradis sõjakuritegudes süüdistatav Bosnia serblaste kindral Ratko Mladic, Serbia valitsuse pressiesindaja kinnitusel ei ole uudis Ratko Mladici tabamisest õige

  17. Bosnia esimesed sammud EL-i teel / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2005-01-01

    EL alustas Bosnia ja Hertsegoviinaga läbirääkimisi stabilisatsiooni ja assotsiatsioonilepingu sõlmimiseks. Riigi kolme etnilise grupi - serblaste, horvaatide ja muslimite juhid andsid lubaduse luua ühtne riigipea ametikoht. Olukorrast Bosnias ja Hertsegoviinas kümme aastat pärast Daytoni rahuleppe sõlmimist. Skeem: Riigi ülesehitus. Vt. samas: Ahtisaari üritab Kosovo staatust kokku leppida

  18. INCIDENCIA EN LA CALIDAD SANITARIA

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    MIRIAM INCREMONA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Los objetivos del trabajo fueron evaluar la calidad sanitaria en cariopsis de maíz (Zea mays L. infectados por F. graminearum provenientes de plantas inoculadas en diferentes momentos de la floración y determinar la ubicación de F. graminearum en los tejidos de cariopsis de maíz. Se evaluó la patología de los cariopsis y se determinó la calidad sanitaria de las espigas inoculadas con F. graminearum en diferentes mo-mentos de floración en el Campo Experimental de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Zavalla – Santa Fe, Argentina. Para determinar la ubicación de F. graminearum en tejidos del cariop-sis de maíz se realizaron cortes histológicos en los cariopsis con probables síntomas de enfermedad mediante técnicas de corte por congelación, diafanización, tinción y técnica de inclusión en parafina y coloración y se utilizó la Técnica de Rayos X para observar el efecto de la colonización por F. graminearum en los tejidos se-minales. Se observaron diferencias entre híbridos, sin embargo F. graminearum afectó de manera similar los cariopsis en los tercios superior, medio e inferior de la espiga de maíz; la incidencia por F. graminearum es baja en cariopsis de maíz debido a la mayor agresividad de F. verticillioides al ingresar al estigma del maíz con el grano de polen. F. graminearum y F. verticillioides no penetran al interior del cariopsis, sino que llegan has-ta las capas internas del pericarpo y no afectan la capa de aleurona y el embrión del cariopsis de maíz.

  19. Kümnend pärast Daytonit : Bosnias rahu, kuid segadus / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2005-01-01

    Autori sõnul põlistas Daytoni rahulepe sisuliselt etnilise puhastuse Bosnias ning jättis Bosnia poolkolonialismi näidisena rahvusvahelise üldsuse juhtimise alla. Lisa: Riik püsib koos, leppimust ei ole

  20. Bosnia serblased ähvardavad oma vabariigile iseseisvust taotleda / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2009-01-01

    Bosnia ja Hertsegoviina liitriigi Serbia vabariigi peaminister Milorad Dodik nõudis, et põhiseadusesse lisataks punktid, mis tagaksid Bosnia serblaste enesemääramisõiguse ja lubaksid korraldada referendumi iseseisvumise küsimuses

  1. Incidencia de liquen escleroso en 617 circuncisiones

    OpenAIRE

    H. Hernández; Bielsa, O; Rijo Mora, Enrique Antonio; Esgueva, R.; Tarragón Gabarró, Sandra; Lorente Garín, José Antonio; Arango Toro, Octavio

    2008-01-01

    El liquen escleroatrófico es un transtorno crónico de la piel de causa desconocida que puede aparecer en la región genital sobre todo en varones de mediana edad no circuncidados y que se relaciona con el cáncer de pene. Su incidencia varía en función de las series.

  2. Lower Eocene on Majevica north of Tuzla (NE Bosnia

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    Jernej Pavšič

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available In Lower Eocene marlstones on Mt. Majevica in northeastern Bosnia species Nummulites atacicus and N. robustus were determined, the latter first found on the Balkan Peninsula.In the beds occur next to Paleogene many redeposited Cretaceous nannoplankton species, an indication of the exposure of Cretaceous beds in Lower Eocene in the investigated area.

  3. Dendroindication of drought in Rogatica region (Eastern Bosnia

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    Ducić Vladan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of using the dendrochronological method in drought prediction in eastern Bosnia. As an indicator of drought, the standardized precipitation index (SPI was used. In the wider area of Rogatica (eastern Bosnia, 11 core samples from trees were taken. The best connection between the width of tree rings and drought was shown by the sample of a 67-year-old European silver fir (Abies alba from the mountain Bokšanica. Removal of the biological trend (standardization was performed by the autoregressive-moving-average (ARMA method. Calculations showed that precipitation, i.e. drought in the summer months, is crucial for radial increment of the sample. The obtained results of our research have been confirmed in examples in the region and further. [47007

  4. Community-acquired urinary tract infections by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Saric

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and antimicrobial resistance of ESBL-producing strains in the community-acquired urinary tract infections (CAUTIs, which is necessary for antimicrobial therapy selection. From January 2003 to September 2004, 4,112 consecutive, non-duplicate coliform isolates from CAUTIs were analyzed. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing to fifteen antimicrobials was performed by disc-diffusion method. Double-disk synergy test (DDST with amoxicillin-clavulanat, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone and aztreonam, and Etest strips with PM/PML (AB Biodisk was performed according to CLSI recommendation in order to detect the ESBL producers. The overall incidence of ESBL producing strains was 2.6% (108/4112, it was significantly higher in males, 8.4% (79/936 than in females, 0.9% (29/3176. The highest prevalence of ESBL producers was noted in the oldest and youngest age group: 4.8% (52/106 and 2.6% (27/1045, respectively. An increase from 2.2% (52/2402 to 3.3% (56/1710, and a shift of ESBL producers toward the age group 0-6 years (1.6% and 3.8%, respectively in this period was observed. The incidence of ESBL producing strains among isolated Klebsiella spp. were 7.8% (83/1060, E. coli 0.7% (18/2561, Citrobacter spp. 0.6% (1/156, Enterobacter spp. 7.7% (3/39 and Proteus spp. 1.0% ( 3/297. Among ESBL producing isolates Klebsiella spp. predominated, 76.9% (83/108, followed by E. coli 16.7% (18/108. ESBL producing strains showed significantly higher resistance rates to all tested antibiotics as compared to to non-ESBL-producers. The increase and shift toward the youngest age group of the ESBL producer incidences is of our concern. Further studies are required to detect ESBL types in terms of highly different geographical dissemination of these isolates.

  5. Towards the re-introduction of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus) in the West Balkan Countries: the case of Serbia and Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikić, A; Mihailović, V; Ćupina, B; Durić, B; Krstić, D; Vasić, M; Vasiljević, S; Karagić, D; Dorđević, V

    2011-03-01

    Vetchlings (Lathyrus spp.) are widely distributed in both Serbia and Srpska, and represent a valuable component of local floras all over the Balkan Peninsula. Despite this and the existence of a traditional Serbian name for grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.), sastrica, and a pan-Slavic name for all vetchlings, grahor, today they are almost forgotten crops. The joint action of the Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops and the Faculty of Agriculture is aimed at re-introducing grass pea and other vetchlings as multifunctional crops. Within the legume collection in the Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, a small Lathyrus spp. collection, including about 100 accessions of 16 species, most of them being grass pea, was established in 2002. The landraces of grass pea were collected in several regions of Serbia and Srpska, where they are used for human consumption. Grass pea is commonly used boiled and along with other pulses, with no reports on lathyrism among the local people. The first Serbian breeding programme in Novi Sad produced already two grass pea lines that were registered in November 2009 under the names of Studenica and Sitnica, developed from the crosses of Polish cultivars and local Serbian landraces.

  6. Gestión de pedidos e incidencias

    OpenAIRE

    Becerra Prado, Iván

    2013-01-01

    Aplicación web desarrollada en J2EE para la gestión de pedidos en incidencias de sedes remotas a la central. Aplicació web desenvolupada en J2EE per a la gestió de comandes en incidències de seus remotes a la central.

  7. Incidencia de enfermedades en pejibaye (bactris gasipaes kunth para palmito

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    Carlos Arroyo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Incidencia de enfermedades en pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes Kunth para palmito. Se determinó la incidencia de enfermedades en cuatro variedades de palmito de pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes Kunth, durante los 12 primeros meses de desarrollo. Tres de ellas sin espinas (Diamantes-1, Diamantes- 10 y Diamantes-20 y una con espinas (Utilis-Tucurrique. El ensayo se efectuó en la región de Guápiles, Costa Rica, de mayo del 2000 a abril del 2001. Los patógenos que se encontraron en las plantas de pejibaye fueron: Colletotrichum sp., (mancha negra de las hojas; Phytophthora palmivora, (pudrición cogollo u hoja guía; Drechslera setariae, (mancha de anillo; Lasiodiplodia theobromae (hoja deshilachada y Erwinia sp., (pudrición del tallo, quema de hojas y hoja guía. La variedad Utilis-Tucurrique, presentó la mayor susceptibilidad a todas las enfermedades, pero en ningún caso éstas llegaron a un nivel de importancia económica. La incidencia de Erwinia sp. y Phytophothora palmivora mostró mayor relación con la precipitación y alta temperatura.

  8. When Corruption Gets in the Way: Befriending Diaspora and EU-nionizing Bosnia's Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabic-El-Rayess, Amra

    2013-01-01

    This article investigates the encounter of EU-unionization with a domesticated practice of corruption in Bosnian higher education. Relying on primary data collected in Bosnia's public higher education system, the study finds that the country's corrupt higher education is in conflict with the Bologna-themed reforms that would arguably help…

  9. What Strategic Considerations Should Affect a Decision by the United States to Intervene with Military Force in Bosnia-Hercegovina?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-04

    deiense industry was located in Bosnia, most of what remains lies under Croatian or Muslim control with the notable exception of the Banja Luka ...In western Bosnia are the I Krajina Corps at Banja Luka , reported to be the strongest corps with up to 30 percent of the equipment, and the II Krajina...Rgt) I Krajina Corps: Banja Luka 1 Mechanized Brigade (Mech Bde) 1 Mtz Bde 1 Inf Bde 1 Part Div 5 Territorial Defense Brigades3 (TDF Bde) 2 Mountain

  10. Incidencia remisión de V. ángulo de laincidencia.

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    [ES] Definición del término Incidencia remisión de V. ángulo de laincidencia. en el diccionario Dicter. [EN] Definition of the word Incidencia remisión de V. ángulo de laincidencia. in the dictionary Dicter.

  11. Power Politics and the Rule of Law in Post-Dayton Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy Donais

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Over the past two decades, therule of law has emerged as a key priority within contemporary peacebuildingefforts. Drawing on examples from post-Dayton Bosnia, this article examines theimpact of rule of law reform efforts on broader patterns of power and politicalauthority in peacebuilding contexts. It suggests that in the case of Bosnia,the use of rule of law strategies to restructure political life has largelyfailed. Thus, despite some notable achievements on the rule of law front, thecore dynamics of Bosnia’s political conflict remain intact, and country’s peaceprocess is as fragile as ever. The article concludes by noting that charting acourse between accepting the political status quo and fundamentallytransforming it requires more nuanced approaches that advance the rule of laweven while accepting its limits as an instrument of deep politicaltransformation.

  12. NATO, From Berlin to Bosnia. Trans-Atlantic Security in Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    since the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989-described at the time by a NATO officer as "the bonfire of the certainties" events in Europe have...of the Berlin Wall through the first use of NATO forces in combat in Bosnia in 1994, NATO has found itself in a race to keep up with these dramatic changes in the trans-Atlantic security environment.

  13. War in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegowina, and Kosovo, and PCBs hazards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Picer, M.; Kovac, T.; Picer, N.; Calic, V. [Rudjer Boskovic Inst., Zagreb (Croatia); Miosic, N. [Geological Survey, Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Kodba, Z.C. [Maribor Environmental Protection Inst., Maribor (Slovenia); Rugova, A. [Pristina Univ., Pristina (Serbia)

    2005-07-01

    Recent warfare in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegowina, and Kosovo has increased hazardous waste levels in the involved regions. Data on contaminant levels from water and soil samples collected before 1995 did not demonstrate significant levels of contamination. This paper provided the results of a study which showed that significant levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) exist in many of the areas worst affected by the war. During the study, soil and sediment samples were extracted with n-hexane. Fish extracts were extracted using a high revolution blender. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were then separated from organochlorine insecticides on a silica gel column. Electron capture detection gas chromatography (ECD-GC) was used to quantify the POPs. Results showed that levels of PCBs in soil samples from Bosnia and Herzegowina sampled during 2003 showed significantly high levels of total PCBs. Levels of contamination exceeded tolerance levels accepted in Netherlands. Fish samples did not demonstrate high levels of contaminants. Sediment samples from Bosnian rivers showed significant levels of PCBs. It was concluded that levels of PCBs in Bosnia and Herzegowina in 2003 were lower than levels observed in fish sampled in Dalmatia and Croatia. 5 refs., 1 tab., 3 figs.

  14. LAS INSTITUCIONES Y SU INCIDENCIA EN EL COMPORTAMIENTO ORGANIZACIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Roselia Aira

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación se centra en establecer la influencia de las instituciones sociales en el comportamiento organizacional. En su desarrollo se recurrió a una estrategia metodológica de tipo descriptiva y documental. Se abordan las conceptualizaciones de institución, organización y comportamiento organizacional, relacionándolos para verificar su incidencia en el estudio. Se concluye que el comportamiento organizacional es vital en las organizaciones para canalizar el entendimiento y control de las conductas laborales, enrumbándolas hacia la armonización de las relaciones y los esfuerzos para el logro de los objetivos organizacionales; bajo el amparo de las instituciones vigentes.

  15. Separating Belligerent Populations: Mitigating Ethno-Sectarian Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-22

    of Bosnia and Herzegovina: the Serb Republic of Srpska to the north, and the Muslim- Croat Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina to the south. In most areas...intervened in the Bosnian War. In allowing the Serbs to retain 49-percent of the territory of Bosnia as the Republic of Srpska , where Serbs had only

  16. Incidencia de la diabetes tipo 1 en Navarra, 2009-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Forga

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: En Europa se ha descrito un gradiente norte-sur en la incidencia de diabetes tipo 1 (DM1, con mayor incidencia en los países del norte. El objetivo del presente trabajo consiste en conocer los datos de incidencia de DM1 en Navarra, sin límite de edad al diagnóstico, durante el período 2009-2012, su distribución geográfica y sus características en cuanto a edad y sexo. Pacientes y métodos: Estudio prospectivo, con una fuente primaria y tres secundarias. La exhaustividad del registro se evaluó mediante el método captura-recaptura y fue del 98,42%. La comparación de la incidencia entre los diferentes grupos de género y edad, se ha realizado estimando la razón de incidencia a partir de métodos de regresión de Poisson. Para comparar las incidencias entre las distintas áreas, se ajustaron los valores obtenidos por el método de estandarización indirecta. Resultados: Se detectaron 216 casos (incidencia: 8,4/100.000 habitantes-año; IC 95%: 7,3-9,5. La incidencia en niños fue mayor que en adultos, aunque el número de debuts fue mayor en mayores de 15 años. El grupo de edad con mayor incidencia fue el de 10 a 14 años; en cambio, el mayor porcentaje de pacientes pertenece al grupo de 15 a 29 años. La incidencia en varones fue mayor que en mujeres. Los valores de incidencia en las 3 regiones del sur tienden a superar la media de la Comunidad. Conclusiones: Navarra presenta una incidencia muy alta de DM1 en niños y adultos de 15 a 29 años. La DM1 predomina en varones y muestra cierta variabilidad geográfica.

  17. Incidencia de la banca universal en el sistema financiero venezolano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marbelis Alejandra Nava Rosillón

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La banca universal es un modelo de banca que ofrece servicios integrales y múltiples con alta eficiencia operativa, mejor gestión de infraestructura y sistemas actualizados para mayor satisfacción de los clientes. Inicia en Venezuela en los años noventa en la búsqueda de modernizar las instituciones financieras. Por ello, esta investigación tiene como objetivo analizar la incidencia de la banca universal en el sistema financiero venezolano ante la fuerte crisis financiera de 1994-1995. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con diseño documental. La banca universal dio paso a transformaciones, fusiones y adquisiciones de las instituciones financieras especializadas. El Grupo Provincial y Mercantil fueron los primeros en transformarse en banco universal. Hoy, esta banca posee la mayor participación en el Sistema Bancario Nacional, con 45% de instituciones; 86,79% de oficinas; 86,33% de trabajadores; 36,2% entidades con capital privado, 8,5% con capital público y altas captaciones. Se concluye que esta banca ha favorecido el sistema financiero venezolano en el largo plazo logrando su mayor fortalecimiento y un mejor funcionamiento mediante una nueva cultura organizacional, generación de empleo, mayor solidez, confianza y credibilidad de ahorristas e inversionistas.

  18. Gas content of some thermal and thermal-mineral waters in Bosnia and Herzogovinia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Derkovic, B. (Geoinzenjering, Sarajevo, Yugoslavia)

    Studies were made of the gas content of thermal waters from nine wells in Bosnia and Herzogovinia. The wells are located at Kulasi, Olovo, Laktasi, Fojnica, Slatina, Gornji, Ilidza near Sarajevo, and Ilidza near Banja Luka. All the waters were characterized by nitrogen and originate at fairly shallow depths. The gas contents of the waters, in terms of C, CO/sub 2/, O/sub 2/, N/sub 2/, H/sub 2/S, He, Ne, As, Kr, and Xe are reported. Due to their ease of recovery, these waters are extensively used in balneological applications.

  19. Job Performance, Job Satisfaction and Human Capital in the Labour Market in Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan Ilgün

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the effect of job performance, job satisfaction and humancapital. It shows that together with monetary factors, such factors as theperception of the social importance of the job, the ability to meet good friendsin the team, and the atmosphere within which the respondents work, may alsohave a high level of impact on labour supply through human capital. The paperdemonstrates the power of non-monetary factors in achieving improvementsin the context of the ‘job performance-job satisfaction-human capital’ chain,thus bringing about positive changes in labour market supply in Bosnia.

  20. Incidencia de esclerosis lateral amiotrófica en Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Rodríguez- Paniagua

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Justificación y objetivo: Hasta el momento no se ha publicado un estudio que nos permita conocer cuál es la incidencia de ELA en nuestro país. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer la incidencia de esta enfermedad en Costa Rica, y describir las características de los pacientes diagnosticados en nuestro país desde enero de 1998 a noviembre de 2001. Materiales y métodos: Utilizando diferentes fuentes de información se identificaron los casos de ELA en el periodo de 1998 al 2001. Se calculó la tasa de incidencia por persona año, se analizaron variables como sexo, distribución geográfica, grupo étnico, edad al diagnóstico, clasificación de la enfermedad, métodos diagnósticos y tratamientos. Resultados: Entre enero de 1998 y diciembre del 2001, 102 casos de ELA son diagnosticados en Costa Rica, la tasa incidencia anual en población de 15 años y mas es de 0.97 (I.C. 95 % 0.8 a 1.2 por 100.000 personas año. Se revisaron 76 expedientes. Veintiocho fueron mujeres y cuarenta y ocho hombres, presentándose una mayor incidencia en hombres, con una razón de masculinidad de 1.7, todos de raza blanca. La edad al diagnóstico fue de 58.4 años para las mujeres y 53.1 años para los hombres (p = 0.15. El 75% de los casos se encuentran en tres provincias: San José, Alajuela y Cartago, con tasas de incidencia similares. La tasa de incidencia aumenta conforme aumenta la edad en las mujeres, mientras en los hombres se muestra la tasa más alta en la década de los sesenta. El 36.8% de los casos fueron clasificados como ELA bulbar, mientras que el 55.3% como espinal, el 7.9% restante como bulbo espinal. Conclusión: El estudio muestra cómo la incidencia de esta enfermedad es similar a la de los países que muestran las incidencias mas bajas. La incidencia se mantuvo estable en el período analizado, la enfermedad afecta más a hombres que a mujeres.

  1. The Republic of Srpska between Scylla and Charybdis

    OpenAIRE

    Popović Milijan

    2005-01-01

    The Republic of Srpska was created during the civil war in the territory of the former Yugoslav republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992-1995. Within the general framework of the agreement to establich peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (the Dayton Peace Agreement), in Novembar 1995 it was recognized as an entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the Dayton Constitution, by its legal nature The Republic of Srpska was a confederative unit (with some elements of a federal unit) within ...

  2. Incidencia actual de la obesidad en las enfermedades cardiovasculares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio César Fernández-Travieso

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La obesidad es una enfermedad crónica multifactorial que constituye un importante problema de salud a nivel mundial, con riesgo cardiovascular asociado y una morbilidad y mortalidad aumentada, además de alterar la calidad de vida de quienes la padecen. En la actualidad, el sobrepeso y la obesidad se consideran tan importantes como otros factores de riesgo clásicos relacionados con la enfermedad coronaria como dislipidemia, hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus, marcadores inflamatorios y estado protrombótico. El tejido adiposo no sólo actúa como almacén de moléculas grasas, sino que sintetiza y libera a la sangre numerosas hormonas relacionadas con el metabolismo de principios inmediatos y la regulación de la ingesta. La pérdida de peso puede evitar la progresión de la placa de aterosclerosis y los eventos coronarios agudos en los sujetos obesos. Los objetivos de esta revisión se enmarcan en abordar brevemente la obesidad y su incidencia actual en las enfermedades cardiovasculares, asi como acotar su diagnóstico, clasificación y adecuado manejo. Se concluye que el diagnóstico de obesidad debe incluir mediciones de contenido total y de distribución de la grasa corporal y que los cambios en el estilo de vida que promuevan una dieta equilibrada y ejercicio físico regular deben ser una de las medidas principales en el tratamiento de la obesidad y sus comorbilidades asociadas.

  3. Incidencia Fiscal y del Gasto sobre la Renta Familiar: Un Enfoque de Microdatos para México 1984-2002

    OpenAIRE

    Vargas Téllez, César Octavio

    2006-01-01

    Consultable des del TDX Títol obtingut de la portada digitalitzada El presente trabajo pretende hacer un análisis de incidencia fiscal y de los beneficios sobre la distribución de la renta de los hogares mexicanos en los últimos 18 años utilizando microdatos, tomando como base 4 ENIGHs (1984,1989,1996 y 2002), se calcula la incidencia impositiva de las familias y de las transferencias públicas Al final se hace un agregado de ambas incidencias para encontrar un vector de incidencia neta ...

  4. 75 FR 77561 - Regulations Issued Under the Export Grape and Plum Act; Revision to the Minimum Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ... following countries: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Herzegovina, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein,...

  5. Vývoj politického systému Bosny a Hercegoviny po Daytonu a jeho současná podoba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damir Kasum

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available The study deals with the evolution of the post-Dayton political system in Bosnia and Herzegovina from the first post-war elections to the year 2006. The study also presents a complete picture of the present structure of the political system of Bosnia and Herzegovina, its component entities (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, and the District of Brčko. The concluding parts of this study describe the involvement of the international community in the political system of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and current trends in the political system.

  6. When Corruption Gets in the Way: Befriending Diaspora and EU-nionizing Bosnia's Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabic-El-Rayess, Amra

    2013-01-01

    This article investigates the encounter of EU-unionization with a domesticated practice of corruption in Bosnian higher education. Relying on primary data collected in Bosnia's public higher education system, the study finds that the country's corrupt higher education is in conflict with the Bologna-themed reforms that would arguably…

  7. L’Affaire du génocide. Bosnie et Serbie devant la Cour internationale de Justice ou la dénonciation à l’épreuve du droit international Lawyering Truth. The Genocide Case (Bosnia vs. Serbia before the International Court of Justice, or a Test of Public Denunciation through International Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre-Yves Condé

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available En 2006 la Cour internationale de Justice a rendu son arrêt dans l’affaire du Génocide introduite par la Bosnie-Herzégovine contre la Serbie treize ans plus tôt. Elle a qualifié de génocide les massacres de Srebrenica de juillet 1995 et jugé que la Serbie, en ne cherchant ni à empêcher, ni à punir ce crime, avait enfreint la Convention pour la prévention et la répression du crime de génocide. L’écart entre les conclusions des juges et la cause plaidée par la Bosnie-Herzégovine, qui alléguait que la Serbie était directement responsable d’un génocide commis sur tout son territoire depuis 1992 au moins, a suscité des critiques radicales de la décision rendue. A partir des plaidoiries orales des parties à l’instance, cet article souligne les difficultés spécifiques rencontrées par la Bosnie dans sa tentative de défendre une cause judiciaire au nom de la vérité.In 2006 the International Court of Justice rendered its Judgment in the Genocide case brought thirteen years earlier by Bosnia and Herzegovina against Serbia. The Court held that the July 1995 Srebrenica massacres amounted to genocide and ruled that Serbia, by failing to prevent the crime and punish those responsible, was in breach of the Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the crime of genocide. Because of the discrepancy between these judicial determinations and Bosnia’s allegations that Serbia was directly responsible for a genocide committed on her whole territory since 1992 at least, sharp criticisms were leveled at the decision. Focusing on the oral pleadings in the case, the paper aims at demonstrating the specific obstacles met by Bosnia in her efforts to lawyer truth.

  8. Incidencia, componentes y origen del mobbing en el trabajo en el sector hortofrutícola

    OpenAIRE

    Meseguer de Pedro, Mariano; Soler Sánchez, María Isabel; Sáez Navarro, María Concepción; García Izquierdo, Mariano

    2007-01-01

    En el presente trabajo analizamos la incidencia, componentes y origen del mobbing en el trabajo en el sector hortofrutícola. Se administró un cuestionario anónimo a todos los empleados (n=396) que asistieron al trabajo el día de la evaluación pertenecientes a empresas de dicho sector hortofrutícola. En este cuestionario se incluyó como medida del mobbing la escala NAQ-RE (Einarsen y Hoel, 2001) y otras variables. Los resultados indican que la tasa de incidencia del mobbing es muy alta (28%), ...

  9. Incidencia y caracterización de los trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo

    OpenAIRE

    María Pérez Hernández; Viviana Sáez Cantero; Gonzalo Aguero Alfonso; Hortensia González García; Antonio Alfonso Dávila; Felicia Vilches Luis

    2011-01-01

    Fundamento: la incidencia de los trastornos hipertensivos en el embarazo varía en los diferentes estudios, pero en general, se asocian a una elevada morbilidad materna, sobre todo en la preeclampsia/eclampsia. Objetivo: determinar la incidencia de los trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo y caracterizar a las pacientes desde el punto de vista demográfico y obstétrico. Método: estudio observacional-analítico de corte transversal, realizado del 1/enero al 31/diciembre/2010, en el Hospital Gener...

  10. Epidemiología de las neoplasias linfoides. Incidencia atribuible al SIDA

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos-Gragera, Rafael

    2006-01-01

    Consultable des del TDX Títol obtingut de la portada digitalitzada En los últimos 20-30 años se ha descrito una aumento significativo de la incidencia de las neoplasias linfoides, si bien las causas de dicho incremento no son del todo conocidas, parece que la mejora diagnóstica de dichas enfermedades y la epidemia del SIDA han contribuido en parte a la creciente incidencia reportada recientemente, pero en la gran mayoría de los casos los factores de riesgo son aún desconocidos. Los obje...

  11. Past and modern times: Sephardic women from Bosnia in two Judeo-Spanish works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katja Šmid

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The author of this article presents and compares two Judeo-Spanish works: a compendium of religious laws dedicated to Sephardic women Sefer Damesec Eli‘ezer: Yore de‘a (Jerusalem, 1884 written in Hebrew script by Rabbi Eli‘ezer Papo (Sarajevo, ? – Jerusalen, 1898, and an essay on the role of women in the Jewish life-cycle La mužer sefardi de Bosna (Sarajevo, 1932 written in Latin script by the Sephardic writer Laura Papo (Sarajevo, 1891-1942. On the one hand, the author points out the characteristics of both works and outlines a preliminary study on the use of the verbal tenses with regard to the didactic purpose which these books have. On the other hand, the author of the article contextualizes the writers in their period, referring to the historical time reflected in their works. The time depicted in their works is partially the same and partially different, which permits us to have a broad picture about Sephardic society in Bosnia from two Judeo-Spanish sources. The emphasis is on the changes experienced in the life of Sephardic women in the transition from the late 19th century traditional society when Bosnia was still part of the Ottoman Empire – represented by Rabbi Eli‘ezer Papo – to early 20th century modern times, when it was already a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a period vividly described and represented by the writer Laura Papo.

  12. Uso de la herramienta Google Trends para estimar la incidencia de enfermedades tipo influenza en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Wenceslao Orellano

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio fue hallar un modelo para estimar la incidencia de enfermedades tipo influenza (ETI, a partir de los términos de búsqueda relacionados recolectados por el Google Trends (GT. Los datos de vigilancia de ETI para los años 2012 y 2013 se obtuvieron del Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia de la Salud de Argentina. Las búsquedas de Internet se obtuvieron de la base de datos del GT, usando 6 términos: gripe, fiebre, tos, dolor de garganta, paracetamol e ibuprofeno. Se desarrolló un modelo de regresión de Poisson a partir de datos del año 2012, y se validó con datos del 2013 y resultados de la herramienta Google Flu Trends (GFT. La incidencia de ETI del sistema de vigilancia presentó fuertes correlaciones con las estimaciones de ETI del GT (r = 0,927 y del GFT (r = 0,943. Sin embargo, el GFT sobreestimó el pico de incidencia por casi el doble, mientras que el modelo basado en el GT subestimó el pico de incidencia por un factor de 0,7. Estos resultados demuestran la utilidad del GT como un complemento para la vigilancia de la influenza

  13. Incidencia y factores asociados con las reacciones adversas del tratamiento antirretroviral inicial en pacientes con VIH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Astuvilca

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available La alta incidencia de reacciones adversas medicamentosas (RAMA al tratamiento antirretroviral de gran actividad (TARGA en pacientes con VIH/SIDA puede afectar la calidad de vida y adherencia al tratamiento. Objetivos: Determinar la incidencia de RAMA del TARGA inicial e identificar los factores asociados con la ocurrencia de RAMA al recibir dicha terapia. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de cohorte histórica con todos los pacientes VIH (+ mayores de 18 años que recibieron TARGA por primera vez en el Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza, con un seguimiento de 360 días desde la primera prescripción. Se recabó las RAMA de las historias clínicas y tarjetas de control. Resultados: Se incluyeron 353 pacientes, se encontró una incidencia acumulada de 66,7% de efectos adversos al TARGA inicial y una densidad de incidencia de 9,1 eventos de RAMA por 10 personas año de seguimiento (IC95%: 8,1-10,1. Anemia (23,4%, náuseas (20,6% y rash (17,2% fueron las RAMA más frecuentes. El uso de drogas (OR 2,40; IC95% 1,01-5,67; consumo de alcohol (OR 0.32; IC95%: 0,19-0,55 y estadio SIDA (OR 0,20; IC95%: 0,04-0,95 estuvieron asociadas con la presencia de RAMA. Conclusiones: Existe un alta incidencia de RAMA, siendo la anemia la más frecuente. El uso de drogas es un factor de riesgo para presentar RAMA.

  14. Il Basic Agreement tra la Santa Sede e la Bosnia- Erzegovina nel quadro delle dinamiche concordatarie ‘post-comuniste’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germana Carobene

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Contributo destinato alla pubblicazione negli Studi in onore del Professore Piero Pellegrino.SOMMARIO: 1. Considerazioni introduttive. Configurazione giuridica delle attuali dinamiche concordatarie nei Paesi di recente strutturazione politico-giuridica - 2. L’Accordo del 2006 ed il suo contenuto normativo - 3. Evoluzione storica della Bosnia- Erzgovina fino all’attuale strutturazione politica - 4. Confronto con le regolamentazioni concordatarie degli altri Paesi dell’area balcanica e socialista. Conclusioni.

  15. Incidencia de diabetes tipo 2 en un área urbano marginal de Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Laclé-Murray

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Justificación y objetivo: La "diabetes mellitus" tipo 2 se considera actualmente como una pandemia que afecta tanto a países desarrollados como en vías de desarrollo, por lo cual es necesario conocer su prevalencia,incidencia y factores asociados para planificar estrategias para su prevención. En Costa Rica se dispone de una estimación de su prevalencia en el área metropolitana (7-8%,pero no se tiene dato alguno de su incidencia.El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo conocer la prevalencia de personas en riesgo de desarrollar diabetes en una comunidad urbano marginal,sus factores de riesgo y la incidencia de diabetes en esa población. Materiales y métodos: De las 7039 personas de 20 años y más con expediente activo en 4 EBAIS del área 3 de Desamparados en el año 2000,4228 tenían al menos un criterio de riesgo para desarrollar diabetes según los criterios de la Asociación Americana de Diabetes del 2000. Esta cohorte fue seguida durante 4 años para determinar la tasa de incidencia de desarrollar diabetes. Resultados: La prevalencia de personas en riesgo fue del 60.1%;sus factores de riesgo más prevalentes fueron:la dislipidemia (67.3%,el índice de masa corporal 27 (60,8%,edad 45 años (41,8%,familiares con DM (34.9%e hipertensión arterial (19.7%.La incidencia acumulada de diabetes fue de 4.77%con un promedio anual de 1.19%.La tasa de incidencia fue de 1.62 por 100 personas-año (IC95%:1.38-1.86.La tasa de incidencia por 100 personas-año según sexo fue de 1.5 para las mujeres y de 1.93 para hombres,sin diferencia significativa por sexo. Conclusión: Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio han permitido disponer de la primera estimación de la Incidencia de Diabetes tipo 2 en una población de riesgo en Costa Rica.La incidencia estimada fue de 1.62%;por lo tanto podemos esperar 16 diabéticos nuevos por año por cada 1000 personas en riesgo sin presentar diferencias por sexo.Este indicador permitirá al área de Salud estudiada

  16. Incidencia de los atributos de calidad en las percepciones y elecciones de los consumidores de alimentos orgánicos

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez, Elsa Mirta M.; Lupín, Beatriz; Lacaze, María Victoria

    2006-01-01

    Este trabajo plantea como objetivo identificar potenciales consumidores de alimentos orgánicos a partir de sus percepciones de riesgos, y evaluar la incidencia de los atributos de calidad de estos productos en las decisiones de consumo.

  17. Incidencia y caracterización de los trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Pérez Hernández

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: la incidencia de los trastornos hipertensivos en el embarazo varía en los diferentes estudios, pero en general, se asocian a una elevada morbilidad materna, sobre todo en la preeclampsia/eclampsia. Objetivo: determinar la incidencia de los trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo y caracterizar a las pacientes desde el punto de vista demográfico y obstétrico. Método: estudio observacional-analítico de corte transversal, realizado del 1/enero al 31/diciembre/2010, en el Hospital General Docente “Enrique Cabrera”, con las pacientes diagnosticadas con algún trastorno hipertensivo que tuvieron su parto en dicho hospital, para una muestra de 108 pacientes. Los datos se procesaron con el sistema estadístico SPSS-11,5 con determinación de frecuencias, porcentajes, comparación de medias y valoración de Chi cuadrado. Resultados: la incidencia de los trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo, en el Hospital “Enrique Cabrera” durante el año 2010 fue de 4,2 %, la hipertensión crónica (16,2 x 1000, fue el trastorno más frecuente. Predominó la primiparidad en las pacientes con eclampsia (100 %, preeclampsia (75 % e hipertensión transitoria (74,6 %, el parto por cesárea y el hematoma retroplacentario en las pacientes con preeclampsia/eclampsia y el ingreso en cuidados intensivos en aquellas con eclampsia (75 %. Conclusión: aunque la incidencia de trastornos hipertensivos gravídicos fue baja, es elevado el parto operatorio y las complicaciones en las pacientes con preeclampsia/eclampsia.

  18. La incidencia del síndrome de Down en Cali.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubby Elena Ramírez M

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio para conocer la incidencia del síndrome de Down en Cali, durante 1991-1995. La ciudad no tenía referencia a estas cifras y existía la sospecha que los casos habían aumentado en recién nacidos de madres jóvenes. El estudio fue descriptivo con información obtenida de los 5 laboratorios de citogenética de la ciudad. De las historias clínicas en cada institución se obtuvieron variables como: edad materna, sexo del recién nacido, alteración citogenética, año de nacimiento y diagnóstico. Con la información se elaboró una base de datos (EPI INFO 6.03 donde se hizo el análisis. Con 298 casos de nacidos vivos y diagnosticados con el síndrome de Down en 1991-1995 se determinó una incidencia de 1.5 por 1,000 nacidos vivos (1/650. En 1993, el mayor porcentaje de casos con síndrome de Down se encontró como producto de madres entre 20 y 24 años, que coincide con el pico máximo de nacimientos en Cali, con una incidencia de 1/1,021 (1.0 por 1,000 nacidos vivos en ese grupo de edad. Se encontró que la incidencia del síndrome de Down en Cali es semejante a la registrada en otros países.

  19. Incidencia del impuesto al valor agregado en los precios en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian R. Jaramillo H.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estima empíricamente el efecto que el impuesto al valor agregado (IVA tiene en los precios al consumidor. La estrategia de estimación aprovecha la frecuencia de las reformas tributarias en Colombia, que generan abundante variación en las series de tiempo del IVA. La identificación de los efectos del IVA en los precios se realiza utilizando series del índice de precios al consumidor (IPC calculadas por el Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística. Las estimaciones indican que en Colombia la incidencia del IVA en el precio es, a nivel nacional, cercana a uno. El estudio también encuentra que la incidencia promedio es menor cuando se toman bienes individuales, sin ponderar por su importancia en la canasta de consumo, y controlando por la posibilidad que los mismos productos tengan características no observables distintas para cada cuidad. Este resultado resalta la heterogeneidad en la incidencia del impuesto por medio de los mercados.

  20. 31 CFR 585.218 - Trade in United Nations Protected Areas of Croatia and those areas of the Republic of Bosnia and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Trade in United Nations Protected... HERZEGOVINA SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 585.218 Trade in United Nations Protected Areas of Croatia... importation from, exportation to, or transshipment of goods through the United Nations Protected Areas in...

  1. COMPARISON OF MOLECULAR AND GENETIC PROPERTIES OF PINE (Pinus sylvestris L.) SEED PLANTATIONS IN BOSNIA AND HERCEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Ballian, D.; Konnert, M.; Bogunić, F.

    2006-01-01

    The paper analyses the genetic structure of the pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) clones in the multiclone seed plantations of Kozji Grm (KG) and Šamin Gaj (ŠG). The clones in both seed plantations originate from natural populations of common pine in Bosnia and Hercegovina; KG (40 clones): Gornji Janj – 10 clones, Klekovača 7, Kaljina Bioštica 16, Romanija Glasinac 6, Igman 1, while the ŠG plantation contains 20 clones from one population (Igman). The genetic structure was analysed using 9 enzyme sy...

  2. The use of forensic botany and geology in war crimes investigations in NE Bosnia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, A G

    2006-11-22

    From 1997 to 2002 the United Nations International Criminal Tribune for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) undertook the exhumation of mass graves in NE Bosnia as part of the war crimes investigations aimed at providing evidence for the prosecution of war criminals in The Hague. This involved the location and exhumation of seven former mass graves (primary sites) dug following the fall of Srebrenica in July 1995. These primary mass graves were secretly and hurriedly exhumed three months later and most of the bodies or body parts transported and reburied in a large number of secondary sites many of which were subsequently exhumed by ICTY. The aim of the pollen and soil/sediment studies was to provide an 'environmental profile' of the original site of the samples and use this to match the relocated bodies to the original mass graves. This was part of completing the chain of evidence, providing evidence of the scale and organization of the original atrocities and the subsequent attempts to conceal the evidence related to them. All the primary sites were located in areas of contrasting geology, soils and vegetation, and this allowed matching of the sediment transported in intimate contact with the bodies to the original burial sites, which in some cases were also the execution sites. In all, over 24 sites were investigated, over 240 samples collected and analyzed under low power microscopy and 65 pollen sub-samples fully analyzed. The pollen and sediment descriptions were used in conjunction with the mineralogy (using XRD) of primary and secondary sites in order to provide matches. These matches were then compared with matching evidence from ballistic studies and clothing. The evidence has been used in court and is now in the public domain. It is believed this is the first time 'environmental profiling' techniques have been used in a systematic manner in a war crimes investigation.

  3. Incidencia de esclerosis lateral amiotrófica en Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Rodríguez- Paniagua

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Justificación y objetivo: Hasta el momento no se ha publicado un estudio que nos permita conocer cuál es la incidencia de ELA en nuestro país. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer la incidencia de esta enfermedad en Costa Rica, y describir las características de los pacientes diagnosticados en nuestro país desde enero de 1998 a noviembre de 2001. Materiales y métodos: Utilizando diferentes fuentes de información se identificaron los casos de ELA en el periodo de 1998 al 2001. Se calculó la tasa de incidencia por persona año, se analizaron variables como sexo, distribución geográfica, grupo étnico, edad al diagnóstico, clasificación de la enfermedad, métodos diagnósticos y tratamientos. Resultados: Entre enero de 1998 y diciembre del 2001, 102 casos de ELA son diagnosticados en Costa Rica, la tasa incidencia anual en población de 15 años y mas es de 0.97 (I.C. 95 % 0.8 a 1.2 por 100.000 personas año. Se revisaron 76 expedientes. Veintiocho fueron mujeres y cuarenta y ocho hombres, presentándose una mayor incidencia en hombres, con una razón de masculinidad de 1.7, todos de raza blanca. La edad al diagnóstico fue de 58.4 años para las mujeres y 53.1 años para los hombres (p = 0.15. El 75% de los casos se encuentran en tres provincias: San José, Alajuela y Cartago, con tasas de incidencia similares. La tasa de incidencia aumenta conforme aumenta la edad en las mujeres, mientras en los hombres se muestra la tasa más alta en la década de los sesenta. El 36.8% de los casos fueron clasificados como ELA bulbar, mientras que el 55.3% como espinal, el 7.9% restante como bulbo espinal. Conclusión: El estudio muestra cómo la incidencia de esta enfermedad es similar a la de los países que muestran las incidencias mas bajas. La incidencia se mantuvo estable en el período analizado, la enfermedad afecta más a hombres que a mujeres.Objective. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a degenerative disease of the central nervous

  4. Prevalencia e incidencia de Babesia bovis y Babesia bigemina en un hato bovino en Axochiapan, Morelos

    OpenAIRE

    Rojas, E; Domínguez, P; M. García; C. Cruz-Vázquez; Figueroa, J.; Ramos, J

    2004-01-01

    Se describe la prevalencia e incidencia de B. bovis y B. bigemina, en un hato de Axochiapan, Morelos (México), en un periodo de seis meses. El hato estuvo formado por 60 animales encastados de Cebú con Suizo Americano, formando dos grupos, 1 pero < 5 años (2). Se tomaron muestras de sangre y suero cada 30 días, de enero a agosto de 1997, realizando frotis sanguíneo teñido con GIEMSA, determinación del volumen celular aglomerado (VCA) y la prueba de Inmunofluorescencia ...

  5. Incidencia de la práctica de tenis en trastornos de columna

    OpenAIRE

    Turienzo, Nicolás

    2015-01-01

    La presente investigación se centra en el estudio de la incidencia que tiene el tenis en las lesiones más frecuentes de columna vertebral, en personas que realizan la práctica del tenis en la costa atlántica. Se buscó detallar todos los factores del deporte que puedan incidir en las diferentes lesiones de la columna. Objetivo general: Indicar la repercusión que tienen los deportes unilaterales como el tenis sobre la columna vertebral en deportistas que realizan la práctica en los di...

  6. Incidencia de las lesiones deportivas en baloncesto amateur y su prevención

    OpenAIRE

    López González, Luis

    2014-01-01

    Antecedentes: En la actualidad, el interés creciente por el hábito deportivo en Estados Unidos (EE.UU) y Europa especialmente, explica que el baloncesto gane en número de participantes afianzándose como uno de los deportes “rey”. Inevitablemente unido a este hecho, también lo hace en número de lesiones. La epidemiología de lesiones en el baloncesto conforma una entidad ampliamente estudiada en la actualidad por el motivo de su alta incidencia. Entre todas las lesiones, el esguince de tobillo ...

  7. Incidencia de las Horas Trabajadas en el Rendimiento Académico de Estudiantes Universitarios Argentinos

    OpenAIRE

    Fazio, María Victoria

    2004-01-01

    En este trabajo se investiga la incidencia del trabajo del estudiante en su desempeño académico. Para analizar la relación entre el tiempo dedicado al trabajo y el desempeño académico de los alumnos se utilizan datos del Primer Censo de estudiantes de universidades nacionales de 1994. Los resultados compatibilizan con los argumentos contrapuestos sobre esta relación. Por un lado, si se postula un modelo lineal, se encuentra que las horas trabajadas inciden negativamente sobre el rendimiento. ...

  8. La incidencia del contrato de trabajo en el mercado laboral colombiano.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Guataqui

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la aparición, modalidades e incidencia del contrato de trabajo en el mercado laboral colombiano. Desde el punto de vista histórico se presenta la introducción de dichos contratos y su progresiva evolución a través del tiempo, hasta llegar al marco contractual vigente. Posteriormente se abordan las implicaciones teóricas que el análisis de dicha figura legal conlleva en el estudio de la flexibilidad laboral, y se analiza la importancia del contrato escrito de trabajo en el mercado laboral urbano colombiano y en el contexto latinoamericano. Finalmente se presenta el estado actual de la discusión acerca de los costos laborales implícitos en los contratos de trabajo existentes en Colombia, y se realiza un ejercicio cuantitativo utilizando datos de la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida (ECV de 1997, del cual se extraen algunas conclusiones en cuanto a la incidencia del contrato de trabajo por genero o tamaño de empresa.

  9. Estudio de la incidencia de listeriosis en España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Parrilla Valero

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo, basado en la información documental disponible, sobre los casos de listeriosis ocurridos en España en 2001-2007, con el objetivo de conocer la carga y la evolución de esta enfermedad en nuestro país. Partiendo de diversas fuentes informativas, en total se recogió la información epidemiológica de 1242 casos de listeriosis, lo que supone una tasa de incidencia media de 0,56 casos por 100.000 habitantes y año, que consideramos el valor estimado global para España. La incidencia ha mostrado una tendencia anual ascendente estadísticamente significativa (p <0,001, y ha sido muy superior a la notificada en España (0,16 mediante el Sistema de Información Microbiológica, de carácter voluntario, lo que evidencia la infradeclaración existente. La inclusión de la listeriosis en el Sistema de Enfermedades de Declaración Obligatoria permitiría dimensionar su presencia, así como conocer las características de la afectación humana y mejorar su prevención y control.

  10. Incidencia de herpes zóster en pacientes diabéticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Aldaz

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar el riesgo de herpes zóster en personas con diabetes mellitus en comparación con el resto de la población. Métodos. A partir de la información de historia clínica informatizada de atención primaria de Navarra se ha analizado la incidencia de herpes zóster en mayores de 30 años en 2006 en función del diagnóstico de diabetes, y ajustando por edad y sexo. Resultados. En 26.793 diabéticos se diagnosticaron 409 casos de herpes zóster (15 por mil. El 19,3% de los casos se produjeron en diabéticos. La diabetes presentó un riesgo relativo ajustado de 2,1 (IC 95% 1,9-2,4, y en el grupo de 30 a 44 años ascendió a 3,7 (IC 95% 2,0-6,8. El 7,2% de todos los casos de herpes zóster en la población fueron atribuibles a la diabetes. Conclusiones. La diabetes aumenta el riesgo y tiene un peso importante en la incidencia de herpes zóster.

  11. Incidencia y factores predictivos de la ventilación difícil con mascarilla facial

    OpenAIRE

    Massó Lago, Eva

    2001-01-01

    Consultable des del TDX Títol obtingut de la portada digitalitzada Introducción y objetivos del estudio: la ventilación difícil con mascarilla facial (VDM) es la primera causa de mortalidad y morbilidad en anestesia. Sin embargo la incidencia de la VDM y sus factores predictivos no han sido estudiados previamente. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es conocer la incidencia y definir los factores predictivos de la VDM. Material y Métodos: a lo largo de un periodo de un mes fueron estudiados ...

  12. Tendencia de la incidencia de los tumores hepáticos en la infancia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mejía-Aranguré Juan Manuel

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar la tendencia de la incidencia de los diferentes tumores hepáticos en niños residentes en el Distrito Federal. Material y métodos. Encuesta hospitalaria. Se realizó un análisis de dos bases de datos. La primera tiene registrados todos los casos de tumores hepáticos que se encontraron entre el periodo de l982 a 1991, de hospitales que atienden a niños con cáncer, residentes en la Ciudad de México. La segunda base de datos tiene registrados todos los casos de tumores hepáticos que se encontraron de 1996 a 1999 en el Hospital de Pediatría Centro Médico Nacional (CMN "Siglo XXI" y en el Hospital General del Centro Médico Nacional "La Raza", del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS. Se calcularon las tasas de incidencia anual promedio (TIAP por cada tipo de tumor hepático. Las tasas fueron estandarizadas por el método directo, usando como población de referencia a la mundial estándar menor de l5 años. La tendencia se evaluó con las tasas de incidencia anuales y se calculó la tasa de cambio promedio que emplea la distribución de Poisson. Resultados. Durante el periodo de 1982 a 1991 la TIAP para hepatoblastoma fue el triple en hombres con 0.6 x 10(6. El grupo más afectado fue el de 1 a 4 años.(Para los hepatocarcinomas la TIAP fue de 0.14 para el sexo femenino, siendo el doble que la del sexo masculino. Para el periodo de 1996 a 1999 la TIAP para hepatoblastomas fue de 5.11 en mujeres y de 1.85 en hombres. El grupo de edad con la tasa más alta fue el de mujeres menores de un año. Para hepatocarcinomas la TIAP fue de 0.64 para hombres y de 1.23 en mujeres. El grupo de edad más afectado fue el de hombres de 10 a 14 años. No se observó tendencia significativa al incremento o decremento en la incidencia de hepatoblastomas. Para hepatocarcinomas hubo una tasa de cambio de 10%, pero tampoco fue significativa. Conclusiones. No existe en la Ciudad de México una tendencia en la incidencia de los tumores hep

  13. Desarrollo de un sistema de gestión de incidencias

    OpenAIRE

    Palomo Pastor, Francisco

    2009-01-01

    La presente memoria del Proyecto Fin de Carrera (PFC) “Diseño de un sistema de gestión de incidencias” describe el proceso de diseño y construcción de un sistema de gestión de incidencias (SGI) a través de la documentación generada según técnicas descritas en la metodología de desarrollo del software Métrica v2. La memoria contiene la documentación generada durante construcción del sistema correspondientes a las fases de especificación, análisis y diseño. Respecto a la construcción, se incluy...

  14. Incidencia de atelectasia post extubación en cirugías centrales cardiovasculares

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación se realizó con el propósito de señalar la incidencia de casos de atelectasia posteriores a la extubación en cirugías de revascularización miocárdica y recambio valvular en pacientes con insuficiencia coronaria o valvulpatía, así como también detectar los factores de riesgo más importantes que contribuyen al desarrollo de la Atelectasia y evaluar la evolución de cada paciente a lo largo de su periodo de internación en la UCO, señalando las técnicas kinésica...

  15. Incidencia de cáncer en Navarra (1998-2000 Incidence of cancer in Navarre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Ardanaz

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1998 y 2000 se registraron un promedio anual de 3.303 casos de cáncer invasivo en Navarra, el 58% en hombres. Si exceptuamos los tumores de piel no melanoma el número anual de casos fue de 2.495, con tasas de incidencia bruta de 559 y 372 por 100.000 en hombres y en mujeres y unas tasas ajustadas a la población mundial de 312 y 203 por 100.000, respectivamente. Entre los hombres las cuatro localizaciones tumorales más frecuentemente diagnosticadas fueron próstata, pulmón, colorectal y vejiga que sumaron el 57% de todos los casos. Entre las mujeres destacan por su frecuencia los tumores de mama, colorectal, cuerpo de útero y ovario que sumaron el 54% del total de los casos. Respecto al quinquenio 1993-97, la incidencia global de cáncer en el trienio 1998-2000 ha aumentado un 4,2% en los hombres y un 7,4% en las mujeres. A destacar el aumento de incidencia de cáncer de pulmón y linfomas no Hodgkin en ambos sexos y del cáncer de mama en mujeres y próstata en hombres. Continúan descendiendo las tasas de incidencia de cáncer de estómago en ambos sexos, siguiendo la tendencia iniciada en los 70.Between 1998 and 2000 an annual average of 3,303 cases of invasive cancer were registered in Navarre, 58% of them in men. If we except non melanoma skin tumours, the annual number of cases was 2,495, with gross incidence rates of 559 and 372 per 100,000 in men and women, and rates adjusted to the world population of 312 and 203 per 100,000 respectively. Amongst men, the four most frequently diagnosed tumoural localisations were the prostate, lung, colorectal and bladder, accounting for 57% of all cases. The most notable due to their frequency amongst women were tumours of the breast, colorectal, uterus body and ovary, accounting for 54% of all cases. With respect to the five year period from 1993 to1997, the global incidence of cancer in the three year period from 1998 to 2000 has increased 4.2% in men and 7.4% in women. The incidence of

  16. La incidencia del síndrome de Down en Cali.

    OpenAIRE

    Rubby Elena Ramírez M; Carolina Isaza; María Isabel Gutiérrez M

    2009-01-01

    Se realizó un estudio para conocer la incidencia del síndrome de Down en Cali, durante 1991-1995. La ciudad no tenía referencia a estas cifras y existía la sospecha que los casos habían aumentado en recién nacidos de madres jóvenes. El estudio fue descriptivo con información obtenida de los 5 laboratorios de citogenética de la ciudad. De las historias clínicas en cada institución se obtuvieron variables como: edad materna, sexo del recién nacido, alteración citogenética, año de nacimiento y d...

  17. Staphylococcus aureus en quemaduras: estudio de incidencia, tendencia y pronóstico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. García-Urquijo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Realizamos un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal, retrospectivo de los últimos 10 años, en la Unidad de quemados del Hospital Universitario "Arnaldo Milián Castro" de Santa Clara, en Villa Clara, Cuba, con el objetivo de caracterizar el comportamiento del aislamiento de Staphylococcus aureus en heridas por quemaduras de pacientes ingresados. Se realizó con 1065 muestras tomadas por método cualitativo de hisopado, entre enero del 2002 y diciembre del 2011. Las variables utilizadas fueron: mes y año de realización, resultado del aislamiento, grupo de microorganismos y especies aisladas, series temporales y tasa pronóstico. Staphylococcus aureus resultó ser el microorganismos Gram positivo mas frecuentemente aislado (68,3%, representando entre el 7 y el 31,8% de las muestras realizadas cada año, con tasas de incidencias oscilando entre el 6,3 y 37,2 por cada 100 pacientes ingresados. Las tasas de incidencia mensuales se mantuvieron predominantemente en zonas de alerta y de seguridad durante los años 2011 y también en el seguimiento en 2012, sin que se produjeran picos epidémicos, mostrando una ligera tendencia al decremento con respecto al comportamiento de los 3 últimos años. Comprobamos después que la tasa de aislamiento para el siguiente año, 2012 fue de 9,5 por cada 100 ingresos, dentro de los límites del intervalo pronosticado según los estudios recogidos hasta 2011 (0 y 46,7 por cada 100 ingresos.

  18. Saobraćaj u BiH i uključivanje u evropski saobraćajni sistem EZ nakon 1992. godine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragutin Šipka

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the issue of traffic in Bosnia and Herzegovina within the scope of changes of the economic system in Yugoslavia which serves the author to put forth some particular aspects of the current traffic status in Bosnia and Herzegovina. By reiterating the indispensable requirement of compatibility of the future EC traffic/transport system, the author draws references to the existing possibilities of traffic in Bosnia and Herzegovina for integration into the European traffic system while emphasizing in this respect as a decisive development - related activity the decision on the required construction of the Šamac – Sarajevo - Kardeljevo highway route.

  19. Why the United States Decided not to Fulfil the Arms Embargo on Bosnia in November 1994? Analysis of the Domestic Political Game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Fenton

    1996-02-01

    Full Text Available The United States’ decision to stop enforcing, selectively, the arms embargo against the Bosnian Muslims (which also exempted the Federation between Bosnia and Croacia in November 1994 helped change, then, the military, political and social dynamics of the war by a indirectly allowing for a balancing of military capabilities to take place in the region and b directly sending a message to the allies in NATO that the US was intent on achieving more decision-making autonomy regarding the United Nation’s resolutions and its allies’ stances toward Bosnia. Whereas the decision satisfied the US domestic political expectations of not getting bogged down militarily in Bosnia and demonstrated a pragmatic approach toward ethnicbased conflicts in Europe, it did not meet with approval from many of the NATO allies and other countries in the European Union. On the other hand, the US decision may havefound support in those countries belonging to the Organization of the Islamic Conference.The decision, which took place during a Congressional election year, was the outcome of a national debate about the United States’ political and military role and responsability in post-Cold War Europe. This decision pit the influences and the strategically wider or longer-term objectives of the Defense and State Departments and the National Security Council, and most importantly, those part of the agenda directed by a rather disengaged (initially and less persuasive President Clinton (foreign policy-wise regarding Bosnia inhis second year in the White House, against the punctual, diverse objectives and expectations of a more opportunistic Congress set on pressuring the President.

  20. Incidencia de listeriosis invasiva en la Comunidad Valenciana durante el período 2008-2010

    OpenAIRE

    Olalla Martínez Macias; Javier Colomina Rodríguez; Mª Victoria Domínguez Márquez; Antonio Guerrero Espejo; Amparo de la Encarnación Armengol

    2012-01-01

    Fundamento: Listeria monocytogenes es una causa infrecuente de enfermedad, aunque en ciertos grupos (neonatos, ancianos, gestantes e inmunodeprimidos), puede ser causa de meningoencefalitis y bacteriemia. El objetivo del trabajo fue conocer la incidencia de listeriosis invasivas en la Comunidad Valenciana durante el periodo 2008-2010. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de las listeriosis invasivas detectadas en el periodo 2008-2010. Se consideró "caso" cuando se aisló Listeria a partir de una loc...

  1. Problemas del sistema de salud en estados de México con alta incidencia de mortalidad materna

    OpenAIRE

    Mariel Rouvier; Miguel Ángel González-Block; Paola Sesia; Víctor Becerril-Montekio

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo. Identificar y priorizar problemas de los sistemas estatales de salud que limitan la eficacia de las intervenciones para prevenir la mortalidad materna. Material y métodos. Se realizó un mapeo conceptual de los problemas prioritarios percibidos por comunidades de práctica (Cop) en estados con alta incidencia de mortalidad materna. Posteriormente, las Cop revisaron la literatura médica para contrastar los problemas identificados. Resultados. Los problemas priorizados por las Cop se en...

  2. Incidencia de lipomas en la cotorra cubana (Incidence de lipomas in the cuban parrot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soto Piñeiro, Carlos Jesús;

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Durante la inspección clínica de muchas Cotorras (Amazona l. leucocephala, en la consulta veterinaria de la Asociación Nacional Ornitológica de Cuba se han detectado la presencia de tumores subcutáneos en esta especie. Al realizar cortes histológicos de los mismos luego de ser extraídos mediante métodos quirúrgicos pudimos corroborar la existencia de LIPOMAS. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo valorar la incidencia de esta patología en esta especie, comparándola con otras aves que asisten a la consulta y cuales pueden haber sido las causas que la originaron así como establecer metodologías de prevención y tratamiento para estos casos. Summary During the clinical inspection of many Cuban Parrots (Amazona l. leucocephala, in the veterinary center of the National Ornithological Association of Cuba, we detected the presence of subcutaneous tumors. Histological studies of the same tumors extracted by surgical methods could corroborate the diagnosis of LIPOMA. The present work had the aim to evaluate the incidence of this pathology in the Cuban Parrots, comparing with other birds that attend the veterinary hospital. Furthermore we examined the causes that originated the Lipoma as well as to established prevention and treatment methodologies.

  3. ENTORNO ECONÓMICO Y SU INCIDENCIA EN LA SOSTENIBILIDAD DEL SISTEMA DE SEGURIDAD SOCIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Alberto Rojas Blaya

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es, en primer lugar, ilustrar la posible dinámica del gasto en pensiones a partir de las nuevas proyecciones demográficas y macroeconómicas de largo plazo elaboradas por el Grupo de Trabajo del Envejecimiento del Comité de política Económica (CPE de la Comisión Europea. En segundo lugar, se analiza la incidencia de algunos supuestos macroeconómicos alternativos sobre la dinámica del gasto en pensiones con el objetivo de ilustrar el margen de maniobra disponible para hacer frente a los retos que el envejecimiento de la población supone para la sostenibilidad de las finanzas públicas. The aim of this article is firstly, to illustrate the possible evolution of pension expenditure in the context of the new demographic and macroeconomic projections of the Ageing Working Group of the Economic and Policy Committee (European Commission. Secondly, the article addresses the impact of alternative macroeconomic assumptions with the aim of analyzing the degrees of freedom available to tackle the challenges that the ageing of the population poses on the sustainability of public finances.

  4. Percepción de los maestros sobre las deficiencias visuales y su incidencia escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana FERNÁNDEZ QUEVEDO

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El sentido de la visión constituye la fuente principal de adquisición de información del individuo, de aquí la importancia de un buen diagnóstico y corrección, en su caso, de cualquier anomalía en la misma para un correcto aprendizaje, especialmente en los primeros años de escolarización. En este artículo se exponen los resultados de una encuesta pasada a maestros de centros educativos andaluces mediante la que se pretende poner de manifiesto sus conocimientos sobre las deficiencias visuales que pueden presentar sus alumnos, y la incidencia que podrían tener sobre su rendimiento escolar. Los resultados indican que dicho conocimiento se suele circunscribir a las anomalías de tipo refractivo, considerando que se hallan bien tratadas en sus alumnos. A pesar de la importancia que atribuyen a estas deficiencias sobre el aprendizaje escolar, piensan que otros factores pueden poseer un papel más relevante. Asimismo se consideran partidarios de recibir una formación más completa al respecto.

  5. Incidencia del cáncer de vejiga urinaria en un área industrializada de España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urrutia G.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia del cáncer de vejiga en la comarca del Vallès Occidental (Barcelona, describir sus características histopatológicas y comparar su incidencia con la de otras áreas españolas y europeas. Método: Se incluyeron los casos nuevos de cáncer de vejiga diagnosticados entre 1992 y 1994 en el Vallès Occidental, área muy industrializada de Cataluña (España. Se ajustaron por edad las tasas de incidencia y se compararon con las de los datos publicados en los registros de otras áreas españolas y europeas. Resultados: Se identificaron 485 casos de cáncer de vejiga, el 95,5% de los cuales eran carcinomas de células transicionales. La mayoría de los tumores (75,9% eran superficiales y tenían un grado de diferenciacón I o II (62,6%. El cáncer de vejiga fue más frecuente en los varones. Las mujeres presentaron tumores de peor pronóstico y una edad media en el momento del diagnóstico significativamente superior a la de los varones (71 frente a 66 años; p = 0,03. La tasa de incidencia ajustada para los varones (52,2 casos/100.000 fue de las más altas, mientras que en las mujeres (5,4 casos/100.000 fue relativamente baja. Conclusiones: La incidencia de cáncer de vejiga en la población del Vallès Occidental se encuentra para los varones entre las más altas de Europa, y en cambio para las mujeres ocupa un lugar bajo. La elevada razón varón/mujer observada podría ser debida a que las mujeres españolas han estado menos expuestas a los factores de riesgo, o bien lo han hecho más recientemente.

  6. New floristic records in the Balkans: 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    -14, 32, 65), Rosaceae (33, 66, 97), Rubiaceae (56, 73), Salicaceae (50), Scrophulariaceae (51), Valerianaceae (15) and Violaceae (57, 67). First reports for countries are: Bosnia & Herzegovina - Lactuca visianii (72), Potamogeton rutilus (29); Bulgaria - Convolvulus pilosellifolius (36), Deschampsia...

  7. Twenty years of society of medical informatics of b&h and the journal acta informatica medica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2012-03-01

    In 2012, Health/Medical informatics profession celebrates five jubilees in Bosnia and Herzegovina: a) Thirty five years from the introduction of the first automatic manipulation of data; b) Twenty five years from establishing Society for Medical Informatics BiH; c) Twenty years from establishing scientific and professional journal of the Society for Medical Informatics of Bosnia and Herzegovina "Acta Informatica Medica"; d) Twenty years from establishing first Cathdra for Medical Informatics on biomedical faculties in Bosnia and Herzegovina and e) Ten years from the introduction of "Distance learning" in medical curriculum. All of the five mentioned activities in the area of Medical informatics had special importance and gave appropriate contribution in the development of Health/Medical informatics in Bosnia And Herzegovina.

  8. Envejecimiento poblacional e incidencia de hemopatias primarias adquiridas en un area de la Comunidad Autonoma de Aragon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giraldo Castellano Pilar

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: El envejecimiento constituye probablemente uno de los factores más importantes que contribuyen a la aparición de hemopatías primarias adquiridas (HPA, la mayoría de carácter crónico. El propósito de este trabajo ha sido el estudiar la tasa de incidencia (TI de HPA en una población de 522.621 habitantes (V: 252.721; M: 269.900, con un crecimiento vegetativo negativo (-1,4/10(5 habitantes/año, considerando por separado dicha incidencia en la población menor y la mayor de 60 años. MÉTODOS: Durante el periodo enero-diciembre de 1994, se realizó una estimación de las tasas de consulta y las tasas de incidencia de HPA en los pacientes procedentes del área, considerando separadamente los menores y los mayores de 60 años. Las categorías diagnósticas aplicadas fueron: gammapatías monoclonales de significado indeterminado (GMSI, según criterios de Kyle; mieloma múltiple (MM y leucemia linfática crónica (LLC según criterios del Myeloma Task Force, linfoma no Hodgkin (LNH y enfermedad de Hodgkin (EH siguiendo la clasificación REAL, síndromes mielodisplásicos (SMD y leucemia aguda (LA según la clasificación FAB, síndromes mieloproliferativos crónicos (SMPC, según el PVSG. Para el cálculo de las tasas de incidencia se utilizaron los métodos epidemiológicos descriptivos. RESULTADOS: La mayor tasa de consultas hematológicas por sospecha de HPA procedía de los mayores de 60 años (p<0,0001. En el periodo analizado se diagnosticaron un total de 302 HPA (<60/³ 60 años: 100/202, p<0,0001, destacando: 84 GMSI; 21 MM; 57 LNH; 26 LLC; 33 SMD; 24 SMPC; 11 LA y 14 EH. La distribución por sexos: V: 177; M: 125. Edad media 63,54 años (extremos 19-92. Las tasas de incidencia (casos/10(5hab/año fueron (<60/³ 60 años: global: 31,31 / 178, 86; GMSI 7,37 / 52,87; MM: 1,84 / 13,21; LNH: 5,53 / 34,36; LLC: 1,53 / 18,50 ; SMD: 0,62 / 27,31; SMPC: 5,52 / 16,74; LA: 1,53 / 5,29; EH: 3,68 / 1,76. CONCLUSIONES: La mayor tasa de

  9. ESTRATEGIA ROBIN HOOD EN CHILE. Distribución e incidencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Mardones Poblete

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Chile tiene una mala distribución del ingreso de los hogares y aunque las políticas degasto público (en salud, educación y vivienda como redistributivas vía transferen-cias directas han ayudado a la reducción de la pobreza, no han logrado reducir mu-cho la inequidad. Específicamente, respecto a los resultados de la política redistri-butiva, los datos revelan que la distribución del ingreso autónomo de los hogares esmejorada sólo marginalmente luego de considerar los ingresos netos de impuestosa la renta y subsidios monetarios. Considerando esta situación inicial, el artículodetermina los efectos en la distribución del ingreso y la incidencia en la economía,provocados por potenciales incrementos en el impuesto a la renta de los hogaresdel quintil más rico y una transferencia simultánea de esa recaudación a los hoga-res del quintil más pobre, utilizando un modelo de equilibrio general computablecalibrado con datos de la economía chilena, lo que permite calcular efectos directose indirectos de la política redistributiva. Se concluye que 3.85 puntos de aumentoen la tasa efectiva del quintil más rico aumenta el ingreso del quintil más pobre en61.6% y reduce el coeficiente de Gini de 0.49 a 0.47. Sin embargo, este tipo deestrategia para mejorar la equidad tiene efectos económicos de equilibrio generalimportantes, ya que existe una caída relevante en la inversión y en los salarios de lamano de obra en sus distintas calificaciones.

  10. Incidencia prenatal de los defectos congénitos en Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana Lupe Muñoz Callol

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Los defectos congénitos son la principal causa de morbilidad y mortalidad neonatal en casi todo el mundo. La introducción del diagnóstico prenatal y el establecimiento de estrategias preventivas en la atención primaria de salud han logrado la disminución de la prevalencia al nacimiento de defectos congénitos y de la mortalidad infantil en nuestro país. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal de los casos diagnosticados o confirmados prenatalmente en la consulta de genética provincial, con el objetivo de describir la incidencia prenatal de los defectos congénitos en la provincia Las Tunas, durante el período de enero 2013 a mayo 2014. De un universo de 9462 embarazadas de la provincia, en el periodo de estudio; se escogió una muestra de 110 gestantes que presentaron defectos fetales en diferentes órganos y sistemas. La información se obtuvo del registro provincial, donde se analizaron las variables: comportamiento de defectos congénitos por áreas de salud, edad de las madres por defectos congénitos, defectos congénitos por programas prenatales y los defectos congénitos por sistemas. El mayor número de casos se diagnosticó en el segundo trimestre del embarazo, siendo el sistema cardiovascular donde se encontró un número mayor de defectos congénitos, seguido del sistema digestivo, genitourinarias y del sistema nervioso central. Las edades maternas estuvieron comprendidas entre 21 y 30 años, siendo el municipio Tunas el que aportó un número significativo de afectados

  11. Redes empresariales locales y su incidencia en la innovación de la empresa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredy Becerra Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La importancia de las actividades de investigación y desarrollo -I&D- y de la innovación es reconocida en la literatura, dado que éstas son las que permiten a la empresa generar aspectos diferenciadores. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo identificar la incidencia de los vínculos entre empresas y otras instituciones a nivel local para el desarrollo de innovación y actividades de I&D en la empresa en la ciudad de Manizales, Colombia, específicamente se analizan los vínculos entre empresas para actividades de I&D y la transferencia de información técnica y tecnológica. Para el cumplimiento de los objetivos se recopiló información de 246 empresas, las cuales son el total de la población del clúster textil de la misma ciudad, para la contrastación empírica se utilizaron modelos logit. Como resultados se evidencia un bajo nivel de actividades de I&D e innovación en la empresa y se establece que la existencia de vínculos para actividades de I&D entre empresas incrementan la probabilidad en un 49% de generar innovación en la empresa y en un 80% las actividades de I&D en la empresa. Se concluye que los vínculos entre empresas fortalecen las actividades deI&Denmayor proporción que las que no están vinculadas, asimismo esta vinculación repercute directamente en la competitividad del sector estudiado

  12. Incidencia de los defectos congénitos asociados al uso de medicamentos en Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenys K. Silva Gonzalez

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available La Red de Genética Nacional estableció un sistema de vigilancia pre y postnatal, para evaluar los efectos potenciales de la medicación en aquellas gestantes que ocasionalmente o de manera permanente ingieren fármacos durante el embarazo. En la provincia de Las Tunas se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo para describir la incidencia de defectos congénitos en la etapa prenatal y al nacimiento de los fetos en las mujeres que consumieron algún medicamento en el primer trimestre del embarazo, durante el período de enero de 2009 a mayo de 2014. La población de estudio lo constituyeron las 627 embarazadas, que habían consumido algún tipo de fármaco que se identificara como posible agente teratogénico y fueron remitidas al Centro de Genética Provincial para su seguimiento. Los datos obtenidos del registro de morbilidad teratogénica permitieron analizar las variables: casos reportados al registro provincial de medicamentos durante la gestación, medicamentos consumidos durante el embarazo según categoría, momento de la gestación en que se produjo el consumo del fármaco, duración del tratamiento durante el embarazo y evaluación del embarazo o el producto. El consumo de medicamentos fue más abundante en gestantes del municipio Las Tunas. Predominó el consumo de medicamentos antiinfecciosos; el consumo ocurrió con más frecuencia en el primer trimestre; y la duración más probable fue de una semana. A pesar de ello, el consumo de medicamentos durante la gestación no significó un riesgo incrementado de teratogenicidad

  13. Disponibilidad y uso de TIC en escuelas latinoamericanas: incidencia en el rendimiento escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Román

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Enriquecer los ambientes de aprendizaje de los estudiantes mediante la incorporación de tecnologías de información y comunicación requiere que los centros educativos dispongan de computadoras y conectividad - en cantidad y calidad suficiente - para que docentes y estudiantes puedan incorporar dichas tecnologías en el proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje. La investigación que se presenta estima la incidencia del acceso y uso de computadoras en el logro escolar que obtienen los estudiantes latinoamericanos de 6° de primaria en Matemáticas y Lectura. Para ello, y mediante modelos multinivel de cuatro niveles (alumno, aula, escuela y país, se analiza información de dieciséis países de América Latina, cerca de 91.000 estudiantes de sexto grado y algo más de 3.000 docentes, disponible en la base de datos del Segundo Estudio Comparativo y Explicativo (SERCE de la UNESCO. Con importantes variaciones entre países, los resultados dan cuenta de que apenas un tercio de los niños y niñas latinoamericanos que estudian 6º grado dispone de una computadora en casa y más de la mitad de ellos afirma que nunca han utilizado una computadora en la escuela. Entre sus principales hallazgos se constata que un estudiante que cuente con una computadora en su hogar, que concurra a una escuela con más de diez computadoras, que los utilice al menos una vez por semana y tenga un profesor/a que use habitualmente la computadora en su casa, obtendrá un desempeño significativamente más alto en ambas áreas evaluadas: 23 puntos más en matemáticas y 25 en lectura.

  14. Organizational Culture of the Bosnian and Herzegovinian Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    standards. Unfortunately, poor communication exists between politicians in Sarajevo (the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Banja Luka (Republic of...strategic leadership the 19 future soldier of Bosnia and Herzegovina from Banja Luka will not feel insecurity in Sarajevo, and his comrade from...Sarajevo will feel equally at home in Banja Luka . Endnotes 1 Europska komisija je odobrila Studiju o izvodljivosti za BiH - 2003-11-18 http

  15. Seventy Years of the Journal "Medical Archives".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2016-02-01

    This year journal "Medical Archives" celebrates 70th anniversary of its continuing publication. Medical Archives is oldest biomedical journal in Bosnia and Herzegovina and one of the oldest medical journals in Europe, established in the year 1947, as official scientific and professional journal of Association of Physicians of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Until present Medical Archives has published over 5000 articles. Today Medical Archives is internationally recognized medical peer-reviewed indexed journal, visible in more than 30 international on-line databases.

  16. Seventy Years of the Journal “Medical Archives”

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    This year journal “Medical Archives” celebrates 70th anniversary of its continuing publication. Medical Archives is oldest biomedical journal in Bosnia and Herzegovina and one of the oldest medical journals in Europe, established in the year 1947, as official scientific and professional journal of Association of Physicians of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Until present Medical Archives has published over 5000 articles. Today Medical Archives is internationally recognized medical peer-reviewed index...

  17. Acceso a la educación en salud y su potencial en la disminución de la incidencia de diarrea infantil en las poblaciones costeras de Yucatán, México

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: La educación en salud o pláticas en el ámbito institucional mitiga la incidencia de diarrea infantil. Yucatán es el estado con las mayores tasas de incidencia de diarreas a nivel nacional; el impacto de las pláticas, como parte de un programa de salud, en la incidencia de diarreas ha sido insuficientemente estudiado. Objetivo: Analizar el rol del acceso a las pláticas para prevenir la incidencia de diarreas infantiles. Metodología: Se utilizó el muestreo de encuestas en 151 hoga...

  18. Crecimiento, supervivencia e incidencia de malformaciones óseas en distintos biotipos de Rhamdia quelen durante la larvicultura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David R Hernández

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó el efecto de dos dietas (alimento vivo y dieta seca y dos poblaciones diferentes de Rhamdia quelen de Argentina (área pampeana y nordeste sobre parámetros de crecimiento, supervivencia e incidencia de malformaciones óseas en sus larvas según un diseño factorial 2x2. Al final de la experiencia (20 días pos-eclosión, las deformaciones esqueléticas fueron diversas y afectaron todas las regiones del eje vertebral. En ningún caso estas anomalías incidieron sobre el peso final de las larvas. No obstante, el biotipo nordeste presentó el mayor porcentaje de ejemplares con anomalías esqueléticas (72,3% y menor supervivencia. Las alteraciones más comunes fueron compresiones y fusiones vertebrales, afectando el 22,2 y 19,4% de las larvas, respectivamente. El análisis estadístico mostró que la frecuencia de fusiones no fue afectada por el biotipo o por el tratamiento alimentario. Sin embargo, en el caso de las compresiones vertebrales se observó interacción entre biotipo y dieta. Para este tipo de lesión, con alimento vivo, no se detectaron diferencias entre biotipos, al tiempo que las larvas alimentadas con dieta seca presentaron mayor frecuencia de compresiones en el biotipo nordeste. Estos resultados indican que la incidencia de malformaciones en larvas de R. quelen se encuentra relacionada con ambos factores (biotipo y dieta. La coloración diferencial de cartílagos y huesos en larvas puede convertirse en una herramienta útil para evaluar, precozmente, la incidencia de malformaciones durante el desarrollo temprano de R. quelen.

  19. INCIDENCIA DE DIABETES GESTACIONAL SEGÚN DISTINTOS MéTODOS DIAGNóSTICOS Y SUS IMPLICANCIAS CLíNICAS

    OpenAIRE

    Belmar J,Cristián; Salinas C,Pablo; Becker V,Jorge; Abarzúa C.,Fernando; Olmos C,Pablo; González B,Pedro; Oyarzún E,Enrique

    2004-01-01

    La incidencia de diabetes gestacional varía notablemente según el origen étnico del grupo evaluado. Se discute la necesidad de realizar screening en el embarazo y el método a utilizar. Este estudio compara dos grupos de 4.944 y 2.385 embarazadas que en periodos distintos, fueron sometidas a screening para diabetes gestacional. El primero según el esquema propuesto por la American Diabetes Association (ADA) y el segundo por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) y adoptado por el Ministerio...

  20. Apendicitis aguda: incidencia y factores asociados. Hospital Nacional “Dos de Mayo” Lima, Perú 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Gamero, Marco; Barreda, Jorge; Hinostroza, Gerardo

    2011-01-01

     OBJETIVODeterminar la incidencia de la apendicitis aguda y sus factores asociados en el Hospital Nacional “Dos de Mayo”.MATERIAL Y MÉTODOEs un estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal y retrospectivo. Las variables fueron: edad, sexo, tipo de apendicitis aguda, tipo de cirugía, apendicitis aguda complicada y no complicada, tipo de sutura de herida, tratamiento del muñón apendicular y drenaje en apendicitis agudaSe revisaron los Reportes Operatorios en los libros de Emergencia del cita...

  1. Ingresos hospitalarios por enfermedades infecciosas: incidencia desde 1999 hasta 2003 en un área sanitaria de la comunidad valenciana

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Guerrero Espejo; Sofía Tomás Dols

    2007-01-01

    Fundamento: La enfermedad infecciosa persiste en la actualidad como una de las principales causas de mortalidad y morbilidad. Su naturaleza dinámica justifica el estudio epidemiológico de las mismas. El objetivo del trabajo fue analizar la incidencia de enfermedades infecciosas que con mayor frecuencia condicionan el ingreso hospitalario. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de las personas ingresadas entre los años 1999-2003 cuyo diagnóstico principal al alta hospitalaria s...

  2. Incidencia y caracterización de la miocardiopatía periparto en el Hospital do Prenda

    OpenAIRE

    Geovedy Martínez García; Conceição G. Alves Lopes; Juliana Simba; Luz M. Triana Gómez

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: La miocardiopatía periparto es una enfermedad rara que aparece en mujeres sanas y se caracteriza por el desarrollo de disfunción ventricular izquierda y síntomas de insuficiencia cardíaca sistólica, en el período entre el último mes de embarazo y los cinco primeros meses del puerperio.Objetivos: Determinar la incidencia, forma de presentación, tratamiento y mortalidad de las pacientes recibidas en el hospital.Método: Estudio prospectivo de 13 pacientes con diagnóstico de miocard...

  3. Incidencia de bacteriemia y neumonía nosocomial en una unidad de pediatría

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez-Aguilar Gerardo; Anaya-Arriaga María del Carmen; Avila-Figueroa Carlos

    2001-01-01

    Objetivo. Determinar la incidencia de bacteriemia relacionada con catéter y neumonía asociada a ventilador en niños hospitalizados. Material y métodos. Estudio prospectivo. En el servicio de Pediatría del Hospital General Regional (HGR) No 1 del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), de Durango, México, durante 18 meses, de enero de 1999 a junio del 2000, se implementó un sistema de vigilancia epidemiológica activa para identificar episodios de neumonía y bacteriemia nosocomial de acuer...

  4. Incidencia del Mercado Integrado Latinoamericano (MILA) en cada una de las bolsas de valores que lo componen

    OpenAIRE

    Vargas Sierra, Carlos Arturo; Castaño Calle, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    Este documento tiene como propósito establecer la incidencia que tiene el Mercado Integrado Latinoamericano (MILA) sobre las bolsas que la componen (Chile, Perú y Colombia) -- Para el desarrollo del trabajo se corren modelos econométricos que evidenciarán si los rendimientos de las bolsas de valores de los países que conforman esta integración bursátil se han visto influenciados por los rendimientos del MILA, así como también determinarán si la ocurrencia de la integración genera algún cambio...

  5. Incidencia de la GRI-2002 en las emisiones de memorias sostenibles de empresas españolas

    OpenAIRE

    Alvarez Etxeberria, Igor; Garayar Erro, Ainoha

    2008-01-01

    Se aborda el caso de las memorias de sostenibilidad, se hace una revisión sobre los diferentes enfoques adoptados por organismos internacionales, públicos y privados y una incidencia del GRI a la hora de publicar memorias de sostenibilidad a nivel mundial, con especial hincapié en el caso español. Fil: Alvarez Etxeberria, Igor. Universidad Politécnica de Valencia. España Fil: Garayar Erro, Ainoha. Universidad del Pais Vasco/Euskal Erico Unibertsitatea. España

  6. Incidencias del proceso histórico en el proceso educativo argentino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Roberto Daros

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo aporta una relación panorámica y conceptual sobre la educación argentina. En él se presentan los inicios de las propuestas educativas, la presencia de la visión positivista, la legislación sobre la educación en el siglo XIX, la presencia estudiantil universitaria, la incidencia de la dictadura militar, un proyecto posterior de país que tendía al desarrollo industrial y la correspondiente legislación federal de educación. La metodología empleada en este artículo consiste en recurrir a datos históricos –sin hacer una historia de la educación– del proceso educativo formal en Argentina, a fin de sostener la hipótesis de que este se ha constituido sobre una doble vertiente cuya sombra se extiende hasta el presente. Para lograr este objetivo y corroborar esta hipótesis se ponen de manifiesto: a cómo las situaciones históricas, por medio de sus pensadores y políticos y de su legislación más representativa, b inciden en el presente del proceso educativo argentino, referido especialmente al nivel primario y secundario, c al generar una forma de ser sociocultural peculiar. No se pretende, pues, hallar una novedad histórica sino una forma de lectura diferente, para lograr tener conciencia acerca de cómo: a las decisiones políticas y culturales, b tomadas en el pasado c no han sido inofensivas, d lo que es una lección para el presente. Estas referencias históricas hacen visibles las pugnas que, dentro de la misma sociedad argentina, los bandos protagonistas iban generando. Estos fueron primeramente pro religiosos o pro laicos; y luego estos bandos se convirtieron en el federal y el unitario, no exento de corrupción, que perduran hasta el presente, en una no siempre fácil convivencia nacional.

  7. Componentes descriptivos y explicativos de la accidentalidad vial en Colombia: Incidencia del factor humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ervyn H. Norza Céspedes

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Problema: Se analizó la incidencia del factor humano en la accidentalidad vial en el territorio colombiano, y se identificó evidencia empírica para la formulación de política pública del tránsito. Metodología: El diseño es descriptivo-correlacional. Instrumentos: cuestionario de comportamiento para conductores y motociclistas (D.B.Q. y encuesta tipo Likert. Muestra no probabilística intencional: 16.322 personas (8.631 conductores de automotores, 5.133 motociclistas y 2.558 peatones, pasajeros y acompañantes. Resultados: a conductores con nivel educativo superior inciden en menos accidentes; b peatones con menor nivel educativo inciden en mayores conductas riesgosas; c las mujeres tienen actitud positiva y perciben eficacia de campañas en prevencion; d estilos de conducción iracundo, ansioso, riesgoso y de alta velocidad cometen más infracciones y accidentes; e desobedecer señales de tránsito, la principal causa de accidentalidad; f agresividad, hostilidad y estrés en el tránsito son factores que aumentan la probabilidad de accidente; g campañas de prevención no están siendo captadas por la población más afectada. Conclusiones y recomendaciones: Los factores de accidentalidad vial guardan correspondencia con el Triángulo de Seguridad Vial establecido por la Organización de las Naciones Unidas -factor humano preponderante en la accidentalidad-. Lineamientos de política pública fundamentados en procesos educativos y corporativos tendientes a disminuir la accidentalidad por lo general no se concibe aplicada a la seguridad pública. Por ello, se presenta la inteligencia criminal como una disciplina que se ocupa de anticipar los riesgos criminales contra la seguridad pública. Esto permitiría disminuir la incertidumbre durante la toma de decisiones y calcular los daños contra la seguridad pública, que se pretende prevenir.

  8. Repercusión del uso casero de los insecticidas en la incidencia de la leishmaniasis tegumentaria del perro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arístides Herrer

    1956-12-01

    Full Text Available 1. Se da a conocer los resultados de observaciones efectuadas en el valle de Canchacalla sobre la leishmaniasis tegumentaria del perro, interpretándolos en función del uso casero de los insecticidas de gran toxicidad y prolongada acción residual contra los phlebotomus. Tales observaciones se han efectuado en tres oportunidades: 1945-48, 1951 y 1956, obteniéndose una incidencia de 56.2, 50.0 y 14.7 por ciento, respectivamente. 2. El notable descenso en la incidencia que se observa en 1956 se interpreta como repercusión del uso casero de los modernos insecticidas, desde que en dicho valle aún no se ha efectuado ningún programa regular de desinsectización ya sea por entidades oficiales o por empresas particulares. 3. Finalmente se hace algunas consideraciones acerca de la posibilidad de que tal empleo casero de los modernos insecticidas pueda favorecer el desarrollo de resistencia por parte de los artrópodos de importancia médica.

  9. El ambiente laboral y su incidencia en el desempeño de las organizaciones: estudio en las mejores empresas para trabajar en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Uribe, Rafael Ignacio

    2012-01-01

    En esta tesis doctoral se analizan y presentan algunos hallazgos de las mejores prácticas para el manejo del ambiente laboral y su incidencia en el desempeño de las mejores empresas para trabajar en Colombia, a la luz del enfoque del Instituto Great Place to Work (GPTW) en el lapso comprendido entre el año 2003 al 2009. Se propone un indicador para medir el compromiso gerencial en el manejo del ambiente laboral y se mide la relación e incidencia entre algunas de las dimensiones que componen e...

  10. Distribución municipal de la incidencia de los tumores más frecuentes en un área de elevada mortalidad por cáncer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Jesús Viñas Casasola

    2017-03-01

    Conclusiones: En la provincia de Huelva existe una distribución espacial municipal de la incidencia de cáncer con unos patrones bien definidos para algunas localizaciones tumorales concretas, presentando en general unas tasas de incidencia cercanas a las del territorio nacional.

  11. Ingresos hospitalarios por enfermedades infecciosas: incidencia desde 1999 hasta 2003 en un área sanitaria de la comunidad valenciana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Guerrero Espejo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La enfermedad infecciosa persiste en la actualidad como una de las principales causas de mortalidad y morbilidad. Su naturaleza dinámica justifica el estudio epidemiológico de las mismas. El objetivo del trabajo fue analizar la incidencia de enfermedades infecciosas que con mayor frecuencia condicionan el ingreso hospitalario. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de las personas ingresadas entre los años 1999-2003 cuyo diagnóstico principal al alta hospitalaria se hubiera codificado, de acuerdo a la Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades (CIE 9-MC, como enfermedad infecciosa en el Conjunto Mínimo Básico de Datos. Se seleccionaron 2.010 códigos de enfermedades infecciosas en actividad y se concentraron en 25 grupos adaptados al CIE 9- MC. La población diana fue la correspondiente a un area de la Comunidad Valenciana. Resultados: El 9,7% de los ingresos durante el periodo estudiado (8.585 registros se debió a una enfermedad infecciosa. La media de edad de las personas afectadas fue 38 años, la mediana 37, la desviación típica 31 y el rango entre 0-102 años. Predominó el ingreso de varones (54,5% sobre el de mujeres (45,5%. La tasa de incidencia de ingresos por enfermedades infecciosas fue de 728 casos/100.000 habitantes y año. La mayor tasa de ingreso se produjo en niños y ancianos. Los grupos de enfermedades con mayor número de ingresos fueron, en orden decreciente, las enfermedades infecciosas digestivas, respiratorias y genitourinarias. Conclusión: Los ingresos hospitalarios por enfermedades infecciosas alcanzaron la décima parte de los ingresos y 7 de cada 1.000 habitantes al año requirió ser hospitalizado con motivo de una patología infecciosa. Fue mayor la incidencia de las enfermedades intestinales, de aparato digestivo, respiratorio y genitourinario en la población infantil pero también, aunque en menor proporción, en los mayores de 65 años.

  12. Incidencia de bacteriemia y neumonía nosocomial en una unidad de pediatría

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez-Aguilar Gerardo

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Determinar la incidencia de bacteriemia relacionada con catéter y neumonía asociada a ventilador en niños hospitalizados. Material y métodos. Estudio prospectivo. En el servicio de Pediatría del Hospital General Regional (HGR No 1 del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS, de Durango, México, durante 18 meses, de enero de 1999 a junio del 2000, se implementó un sistema de vigilancia epidemiológica activa para identificar episodios de neumonía y bacteriemia nosocomial de acuerdo a las definiciones operacionales de la Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOM. A los pacientes hospitalizados que por su patología requirieron de ventilación mecánica o de catéter intravenoso central se les hizo seguimiento desde el primer día de exposición hasta la detección del episodio de infección o su retiro. Se efectuaron hemocultivos y cultivos de aspirado traqueal. Se calcularon tasas de incidencia para la neumonía asociada a ventilador y de bacteriemia/sepsis por 1 000 días de exposición con sus respectivos intervalos de confianza al 95%. También se presenta la tasa mensual de la infección por días de exposición por medio de gráficas de control estadístico. Resultados. Se identificaron 47 episodios de bacteriemia/sepsis relacionada con catéter y 44 de neumonía asociada a ventilador. La tasa de incidencia de neumonía fue de 28 eventos por 1 000 días de exposición a ventilador y la de bacteriemia/sepsis fue de 26 eventos por 1 000 días de exposición a catéter intravenoso central. Los microrganismos gram positivos (61.11% predominaron sobre los gram negativos (38.88%. Conclusiones. Este estudio documentó tasas de neumonía y bacteriemia en niños, sustancialmente más elevadas que en otros informes, lo que hace necesario establecer lineamientos para la prevención de infecciones en niños con catéteres intravasculares y sobre los cuidados que requieren los niños sometidos a ventilación mecánica. El texto completo en ingl

  13. Incidencia y prevalencia de las lesiones deportivas en tres programas de entrenamiento para la pérdida de peso. Proyecto PRONAF

    OpenAIRE

    Butragueño Revenga, Javier; Benito Peinado, Pedro José

    2014-01-01

    Existen pocos estudios sobre la incidencia y la prevalencia de lesiones en personas sedentarias que deciden comenzar a realizar actividad física. Sobre todo, en aquellos casos que deben incluir el ejercicio físico como una parte integral del tratamiento terapéutico.

  14. Incidencia, etiología y epidemiología de la brucelosis en una área rural de la Provincia de LLeida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Serra Alvarez

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio investiga, de forma prospectiva, la incidencia, la etiología y el perfil epidemiolbgico de la brucelosis humana en las comarcas del Pallars Jussà y Sobir;l (Lleida, durante el período 1995-1998.

  15. Position paper on screening for breast cancer by the European Society of Breast Imaging (EUSOBI) and 30 national breast radiology bodies from Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Israel, Lithuania, Moldova, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Turkey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sardanelli, Francesco; Aase, Hildegunn S; Álvarez, Marina

    2016-01-01

    EUSOBI and 30 national breast radiology bodies support mammography for population-based screening, demonstrated to reduce breast cancer (BC) mortality and treatment impact. According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the reduction in mortality is 40 % for women aged 50-69 years...

  16. Políticas públicas para la diversidad en Bogotá: la incidencia de las mujeres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lya Yaneth Fuentes Vásquez

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la participación de las organizaciones de mujeres en la llegada de los asuntos de mujer y género a las agendas de gobierno en la ciudad de Bogotá, así como su incidencia en la formulación de políticas públicas, entre 2004 y 2007. Frente a la pregunta sobre cómo construir políticas para la diversidad, en el marco de la Mesa Diversa de Mujeres, interesa destacar la emergencia de voces y actores que reclaman demandas diferenciadas y se examinan las reflexiones y debates de los grupos que buscan el reconocimiento de sus identidades y que lograron posicionar sus demandas en la agenda distrital.

  17. Comunicación e incidencia política para la construcción de la paz

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Este artículo forma parte de la conferencia titulada «Comunicación para el desarrollo humano y el cambio social. El papel de la comunicación en la incidencia política para la construcción de la paz», pronunciada en el “II Congreso Internacional de Comunicación Social para la Paz”, celebrado en Bogotá (Colombia), del 21 al 24 de septiembre de 2009. Este artículo, enmarcado dentro de las teorías de la Comunicación para el Desarrollo, trata de establecer las condiciones básicas para la invest...

  18. Incidencia y factores de riesgo para adquirir diarrea aguda en una comunidad rural de la selva peruana.

    OpenAIRE

    HENRÍQUEZ CAMACHO, César; GUILLÉN ASTETE, Carlos; BENAVENTE, LUIS; GOTUZZO HERENCIA, Eduardo; ECHEVARRIA ZARATE, JUAN; SEAS RAMOS, Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia y factores de riesgo para adquirir diarrea aguda en una comunidad rural localizada en la selva del departamento de San Martín, Perú. Material y métodos: Una cohorte de 119 personas fue seleccionada al azar entre la población de 446 habitantes y seguida diariamente por un mes entre enero y febrero de 1999, buscando casos de diarrea aguda, definida como tres ó más cámaras de deposiciones al día por no más de 3 días. Un estudio caso control pareado fue diseñado...

  19. Incidencia de listeriosis invasiva en la Comunidad Valenciana durante el período 2008-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olalla Martínez Macias

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Listeria monocytogenes es una causa infrecuente de enfermedad, aunque en ciertos grupos (neonatos, ancianos, gestantes e inmunodeprimidos, puede ser causa de meningoencefalitis y bacteriemia. El objetivo del trabajo fue conocer la incidencia de listeriosis invasivas en la Comunidad Valenciana durante el periodo 2008-2010. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de las listeriosis invasivas detectadas en el periodo 2008-2010. Se consideró "caso" cuando se aisló Listeria a partir de una localización anatómica potencialmente estéril. Como fuente de información se utilizaron los datos procedentes de la Red de Vigilancia Microbiológica Valenciana (RedMIVA. Resultados: Durante el período estudiado se detectaron 98 casos de listeriosis invasivas .Las tasas de incidencia fueron: 0,73 casos/100.000 habitantes en 2008, 0,70 casos/100.000 habitantes en 2009 y 0,58 casos/100.000 habitantes en 2010. El 58% se dieron en varones. El grupo etario con mayor número de casos fue el de 60-80 años (63%. En 57 (58% casos la infección se presentó en forma de bacteriemia y en 30 (31% afectó al sistema nervioso central. En el resto de los casos 11 (11% las infecciones se diagnosticaron en otros órganos. En 90 cepas (92% de los casos pudo realizarse antibiograma y todas fueron sensibles a ampicilina. Conclusiones: La tasa media de listeriosis invasiva en la Comunidad Valenciana en el periodo 2008 a 2010 ha sido de 0,67 casos/100.000 habitantes. No se han detectado agrupaciones temporales o geográficas de casos durante este periodo de tiempo.

  20. Incidencia de la distomatosis hepática en los conejos de la ciudad de Lima y alrededores

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    Oswaldo Meneses

    1955-12-01

    Full Text Available En el lapso comprendido entre el 22 de enero y 22 de agosto de 1954, se llevó a cabo una encuesta en 538 conejos criados en Lima y alrededores tratando de determinar la incidencia de infestación por la Fasciola hepática. Se utilizó la técnica de sedimentación para el examen coprológico de las heces. Al mismo tiempo, paralelamente con la encuesta, se realizaron autopsias en conejos muertos por diversas causas con el fin de buscar F. hepática en el hígado. También se determinó la viabilidad de los huevos de F. hepática obtenidos de las heces de los conejos parasitados. De los estudios realizados se puede sacar las siguientes conclusiones: 1. Se ha verificado la presencia de Fasciola hepática en los conejos de Lima y alrededores. 2. La incidencia a F. hepática en los conejos estudiados varía entre 2.6 % y 19.7 % de acuerdo con la alimentación. 3. Son viables los huevos de F. hepática que el conejo arroja con las heces, lo que indica la posibilidad de que este animal podría actuar como reservorio de distomatosis hepática en la ciudad de Lima. 4. La técnica de sedimentación para el diagnóstico de la distomatosis en conejos ha demostrado ser superior a otras técnicas.

  1. Armed Peacekeepers in Bosnia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    on hold in 1994. Ground planning tapered off for several months but accelerated in November 1994 when Bosnian Serb military success and NATO sea...played volleyball with the local children, for example. They were allowed to frequent a restaurant, but in groups of four with at least one soldier...form of volleyball games or sharing meals. The result was both a calming community presence and a wealth of insight.98 Beyond that, like American SF

  2. La gestión de responsabilidad social empresarial de las empresas mineras en el Perú y su incidencia en el desarrollo sostenible de las comunidades de su entorno - período 2004 - 2014

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Determina la incidencia de la gestión de responsabilidad social empresarial de las empresas mineras en el Perú, en el desarrollo sostenible de las comunidades ubicada en su entorno - período 2004 - 2014. A partir de ello, y teniendo en cuenta la realidad problemática, se han derivado los siguientes objetivos: Determinar la incidencia del desempeño social, económico e incidencia ambiental de las empresas mineras en el Perú, así como proponer un conjunto de ratios de sostenibilidad basados en i...

  3. Distribución e incidencia de Leidyula moreleti y Sarasinula plebeia (Soleolifera: Veronicellidae), babosas plaga en la región principal productora de vainilla en México

    OpenAIRE

    María Yaneli Velázquez-Montes de Oca; Alejandro D. Camacho; Edna Naranjo-García; Alejandro Tovar-Soto

    2014-01-01

    Para conocer la distribución, incidencia del daño y especies de plaga de babosas en el cultivo de vainilla; se muestrearon 22 localidades de 9 municipios en 2 estados productores de vainilla en México. Se determinó la incidencia del daño por la plaga en el cultivo y se identificaron las especies presentes. En el 100% de las localidades muestreadas predominó la especie Leidyula moreleti y, en menor proporción se encontró a Sarasinula plebeia (31.8%), ambas mostrando incidencias en el cultivo q...

  4. Incidencia de las leucemias agudas en niños de la ciudad de México, de 1982 a 1991

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mejía-Aranguré Juan Manuel

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Medir la tasa de incidencia de las leucemias agudas (LA en las diferentes delegaciones políticas del Distrito Federal y evaluar si existe una tendencia significativa en dichos padecimientos en tales delegaciones. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio longitudinal descriptivo realizado en seis hospitales de la ciudad de México, los que atienden a cerca de 97.5% de todos los niños con cáncer de esta ciudad. Los datos se capturaron de 1995 a 1996, y se analizaron en 1999, en el Hospital de Pediatría del Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Para cada delegación se calcularon la tasa de incidencia anual promedio, la tasa estandarizada y la razón estandarizada de morbilidad (REM con intervalos de confianza al 95% (IC 95%. La tendencia se evaluó con la tasa de cambio promedio. RESULTADOS: Se observó una tendencia al incremento en la incidencia de la leucemia aguda linfoblástica (LAL en cinco delegaciones: Alvaro Obregón, Cuauhtémoc, Gustavo A. Madero, Iztacalco y Venustiano Carranza. En la leucemia aguda mieloblástica (LAM no se notificaron cambios estadísticamente significativos en la incidencia en ninguna delegación política. Sólo con LAM se encontró una REM significativa y correspondió a la delegación Alvaro Obregón (REM= 2.91, IC 95% 1.63 - 4.80. Las REM más altas se encontraron en el sur y suroeste de la ciudad. CONCLUSIONES: Sólo se observó incremento en la incidencia de LAL en cinco delegaciones políticas. La incidencia más alta de LAM se encontró en la delegación Alvaro Obregón.

  5. Tuberculosis en la comunidad de Madrid. Incidencia en personas extranjeras y españolas durante el período 1996-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Ordobás Gavín

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La inmigración desde países de alta prevalencia de tuberculosis hacia otros más desarrollados afecta a la evolución global de la tuberculosis en los últimos años. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la influencia de los casos de tuberculosis en personas extranjeras sobre la incidencia de la enfermedad en la Comunidad de Madrid en el período 1996 a 2004. Métodos: Los datos procedían del Registro Regional de Casos de Tuberculosis, y del padrón de 1996 y los padrones continuos de 1998 a 2004. Se estimó la incidencia de tuberculosis según país de origen desde 1996 a 2004, por sexo y grupos de edad. Se calcularon c2 para tendencia lineal, razones de incidencia y proporción de casos en personas extranjeras. Resultados: La incidencia de tuberculosis pasó de 34,3 casos por 105 habitantes en 1996 a 16,9 casos por 105 habitantes en 2004. Para los nacidos en España cambió de 33,2 casos por 105 habitantes en 1996 a 12,7 casos por 105 habitantes en 2004, y para los extranjeros de 50,5 casos por 105 habitantes en 1996 a 42,9 casos por 105 habitantes en 2004. La razón de la incidencia entre extranjeros y españoles fue superior a 1 en todos los años, con valor máximo en 2003, en el que se detectaron 4,2 casos en extranjeros por cada caso en españoles (IC 95% 3,7-4,7. El porcentaje de casos extranjeros pasó del 5,2% en 1996 al 35,1% en 2004. Conclusiones: La incidencia de tuberculosis en extranjeros fue mayor que entre los españoles y no disminuyó significativamente en el período 1996-2004, lo que está contribuyendo a que la tuberculosis se haya estabilizado. Esta situación y las características de esta población han de ser tenidas en cuenta en los esfuerzos para el control de esta enfermedad.

  6. COMPORTAMIENTO AGRONÓMICO E INCIDENCIA DE ENFERMEDADES EN INJERTOS DE JITOMATE EN JITOMATE NATIVO DE MÉXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvarez Hernandez Juan Carlos

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Resumen

     Con el objetivo de determinar el comportamiento del jitomate injertado en jitomate nativo, se estableció un estudio en “Valle de Apatzingán” Michoacán, México. Como portainjerto se utilizaron ecotipos de jitomate Solanum lycopersicum L. variedad cerasiforme (“tinguaraque”, como injerto el cultivar “Toro®. Se conformaron 13 tratamientos: seis injertos de jitomate en “tinguaraque”, seis “tinguaraques” y testigo (jitomate. En los tratamientos injertos y jitomate se registró: altura, diámetro de tallo, racimos florales, altura al primer racimo floral, peso, tamaño y rendimiento de frutos por planta; en todos los tratamientos se registró en frutos pH, sólidos solubles y humedad; y en planta incidencia de enfermedades. Se obtuvieron diferencias para altura, di

  7. La resolución de anaforas en niños: incidencia de la explcicitud y de la distancia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Borzone

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de un estudio exploratorio acerca de la resolución de anáforas en niños. Las investigaciones realizadas con adultos jóvenes muestran que hay una serie de factores que inciden en el procesamiento anafórico. Tomando como referencia dichos factores, en este estudio se ha analizado la incidencia del grado de explicitud y de la distancia entre la forma anafórica y el antecedente. El grupo social de procedencia de los niños (nivel socioeconómico: NSE medio y NSE bajo es otra de las variables independientes y como variables dependientes se tomaron las respuestas de los niños a preguntas sobre el antecedente de una expresión anafórica en un texto breve. Los tipos de anáforas eran: repetición, sinonimia, pronombre con clave de género, frase nominal, pronombre sin clave de género, supraordenamiento semántico y anáfora cero. Participaron cuatro grupos de niños de segundo y tercer año del nivel de Enseñanza General Básica (EGB. Los resultados muestran un mejor desempeño de los niños de NSE medio con respecto a los de NSE bajo, independientemente del grado de explicitud y de la distancia de las formas anafóricas. Las diferencias entre grupos de niños son mayores entre los de segundo año. En tercero, en ambos grupos se observan porcentajes de respuestas correctas superiores al 90%, excepto en el caso de anáfora sin clave de género. Se observa la incidencia del grado de explicitud de la forma anafórica y de la distancia en aquellas formas cuya resolución presenta dificultades. La anáfora cero no resulta difícil de resolver para los grupos estudiados.

  8. Análisis de componentes del sistema productivo de aguacate, con incidencia probable de Phytophthora en Cesar, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Tofiño

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Debido a la disminución del 35% en rendimiento y mortalidad creciente del aguacatero, se realizó un estudio en los municipios Curumaní y La Paz Robles del Departamento del Cesar (Colombia, con el objetivo de identificar los principales factores agroecológicos y de manejo que afectaron la sanidad y productividad, al igual que las zonas con mayores ventajas comparativas para siembra. Para ello, se evaluaron: tejidos radicales, variables del sistema productivo, descriptores físicos, químicos y microbiológicos de suelo, analizados por componentes principales. Se confirmó infección en raíces por Phytophthora spp y Fusarium sp, con incidencia variable entre municipios. La prueba de Fisher (5%, no mostró relación significativa (P>0.05 entre presencia de patógenos y síntomas en árboles. En Curumaní, las variables de mayor contribución, al 32.70% de la varianza explicada por el primer componente principal, fueron: ufc de bacterias, temperatura, porcentaje de arena y pH; mientras que en La Paz Robles (44.30%, fueron: porcentaje de limo, materia orgánica y número de géneros fúngicos. El análisis de conglomerados indicó mayor heterogeneidad en el sistema productivo de fincas de Curumaní, con respecto a La Paz Robles. En ambos municipios, el porcentaje de materia orgánica mostró relación positiva con el número de géneros de hongos identificados y el porcentaje de arcilla afectó el rendimiento de frutos. Se encontró mayor frecuencia de patógenos con respecto a benéficos, y la incidencia de pudrición radical, estuvo influenciada por suelos ácidos, bajos niveles de nutrientes, materia orgánica y prácticas agrícolas inadecuadas. Las veredas promisorias para inversión fueron Paraíso porvenir, Los naranjos, y Las nubes.

  9. Incidencia y caracterización de la miocardiopatía periparto en el Hospital do Prenda

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    Geovedy Martínez García

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La miocardiopatía periparto es una enfermedad rara que aparece en mujeres sanas y se caracteriza por el desarrollo de disfunción ventricular izquierda y síntomas de insuficiencia cardíaca sistólica, en el período entre el último mes de embarazo y los cinco primeros meses del puerperio.Objetivos: Determinar la incidencia, forma de presentación, tratamiento y mortalidad de las pacientes recibidas en el hospital.Método: Estudio prospectivo de 13 pacientes con diagnóstico de miocardiopatía periparto recibidas en el Hospital do Prenda desde julio de 2012 a julio de 2013. Se analizaron variables demográficas, factores de riesgo, historia ginecológica y obstétrica, síntomas y signos de insuficiencia cardíaca, hallazgos ecocardiográficos y tratamiento utilizado.Resultados: La edad media fue 30,8 ± 7,23 años, predominaron las pacientes mayores de 35 años (38,5 %. La mayoría eran multíparas (84,6 % y con más de tres gestaciones (61,5 %, como principal factor de riesgo se encontró a la enfermedad hipertensiva del embarazo (53,8 %. Once pacientes fueron diagnosticadas durante las primeras semanas del puerperio. La fracción de eyección media fue de 36,8 ± 10 %. Los medicamentos utilizados con mayor frecuencia fueron espironolactona, otros diuréticos y digitálicos. No hubo fallecidos durante el ingreso.Conclusiones: Los síntomas y signos de insuficiencia cardíaca con fracción de eyección disminuida y el uso de digitálicos y diuréticos fueron las características distintivas de estas pacientes, similares a las informadas en los registros internacionales. La inciden-cia de esta enfermedad es muy baja y no hubo fallecidas en el período estudiado.

  10. Incidencia de náusea y vómito postoperatorio y factores asociados en el Hospital Universitario de San Ignacio

    OpenAIRE

    Gempeler Rueda, Fritz Eduardo; Pontificia Universidad Javeriana; Miranda Pineda, Nelcy; Enfermera jefe, Clínica de Dolor, Hospital Universitario de San Ignacio, Bogotá, Colombia.; Garrido Hartmann, Adriana; Médica anestesióloga, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia. Anestesióloga, Hospital Universitario de San Ignacio.; Echeverry Lombana, Maria De La Paz; Médica anestesióloga, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia. Anestesióloga, Hospital Universitario de San Ignacio.; Tobos González, Laura Margarita; Médica(o) anestesióloga(o), Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia.; Acosta Fernández, Christian Fernando; Médica(o) anestesióloga(o), Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia.

    2016-01-01

    Introducción: A pesar de los adelantos en la anestesiología actual, aún continúan presentándosenáuseas y vómito en el postoperatorio (NVPO) como una de las complicacionesmás frecuentes con una incidencia que oscila entre el 4,6 % y el 49,0 %. Objetivos:Describir la incidencia de náuseas y vómitos en el postoperatorio, e identificar posiblesfactores de riesgo y el tratamiento utilizado. Material y métodos: Se diseñó un estudioobservacional, para lo cual se recolectó información de 1191 pacient...

  11. Incidencia fiscal en México ¿Es posible aumentar la recaudación sin afectar a la población?

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    Arturo Robles Valencia

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo reseña la literatura teórica y empírica en relación con la incidencia fiscal y la posibilidad de generar una situación de mayor recaudación, en relación con un trato justo de los contribuyentes por el sistema fiscal; esto con el objetivo de alcanzar una equidad horizontal y con miras a una mejora en el estado de bienestar, acorde a un efecto redistributivo. Además, se considera la necesidad de una recaudación eficiente para generar un sistema robusto, el cual pueda solventar el gasto público para el caso mexicano. Se concluye con una serie de comentarios con base en la experiencia y la situación actual de la incidencia fiscal.

  12. Incidencia de cáncer en el área sanitaria del Salnés: período 2001-2005

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    [Resumen] Se registraron todos los casos de cáncer diagnosticados en el Hospital del Salnés desde enero 2001 hasta diciembre de 2005; todos confirmados histológicamente. Se calculó la densidad de incidencia para cada tipo de tumor; se ajustó a la población mundial para compararla con la incidencia en diversos registros de otras Comunidades Autónomas españolas. El cáncer más frecuente fue, en varones, el cáncer de piel no melanoma, el cáncer de próstata y del cáncer de colon; e...

  13. Tendencia, estacionalidad y distribución geográfica de la incidencia de fractura de cadera en un área de salud de la Comunidad Valenciana: (1994-2000

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    José María Tenías

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La incidencia de fractura de cadera ha sido estimada en nuestro país en periodos cortos de tiempo, sin valorar los cambios temporales de tendencia y estacionalidad. El objetivo de este trabajo es estimar la incidencia de fractura de cadera en un Área de Salud de la Comunidad Valenciana durante 7 años (1994-2000, explorando su tendencia, estacionalidad y los cambios geográficos por zonas de salud y tipo de núcleo, rural o urbano. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de los casos de FC en mayores de 45 años. Se excluyeron los pacientes no residentes en el Área, las fracturas patológicas y las producidas por accidente de tráfico. Los cambios temporales y geográficos de la incidencia se estimaron por regresión de Poisson. Resultados: La incidencia global de fractura de cadera en mayores de 45 años fue de 274 casos por 100000 habitantes y año (IC95% 259-288. En hombres fue de 149 y en mujeres de 383 casos por 100000 habitantes-año. La distribución temporal mostró una tendencia positiva aunque no significativa, con un incremento medio mensual de la incidencia del 0,04%. Esta tendencia fue mayor para hombres que para mujeres. Se observó una clara estacionalidad, con incidencias relativas menores en los meses de primavera y verano. La incidencia no varió significativamente por zonas de salud ni por el tipo de núcleo urbano o rural. Conclusiones: La incidencia de FC es similar aunque algo superior a la de otras provincias españolas. Se observa una discreta tendencia positiva y una clara estacionalidad, sin cambios geográficos significativos.

  14. Ambientes virtuales de aprendizaje b-learning y su incidencia en la motivación y estrategias de aprendizaje en Estudiantes de secundaria

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    Olga Milena ARIAS AGUIRRE

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Trabajo de grado para optar al título de Magister en Tecnologías de la Información Aplicadas a la Educación, que tiene como propósito fundamental, Identificar qué incidencia tienen los ambientes virtuales b-learning en la motivación y estrategias de aprendizaje en estudiantes de secundaria del Colegio Hacienda los Alcaparros

  15. Incidencia del impuesto de renta a las sociedades: revisión y análisis de las estimaciones de equilibrio general

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    Jennifer C. Gravelle

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo revisa la evidencia actual sobre la incidencia del impuesto de renta a las sociedades anónimas a partir de modelos de equilibrio general tipo Harberger, con especial atención en la economía abierta. Identifica los principales inductores de los resultados de estos modelos y compara las estimaciones de cuatro importantes estudios que examinan la incidencia de este impuesto en una economía abierta. El ajuste de las estimaciones de los estudios para que reflejen las estimaciones empíricas centrales de las elasticidades claves sugiere que el capital soporta la mayor carga del impuesto. El artículo también presenta un método alternativo para asignar la carga del impuesto basado en la nueva visión de la incidencia del impuesto a la propiedad, que distingue los efectos globales de los impuestos a las sociedades y los efectos de los impuestos al consumo que varían entre naciones.

  16. El costo de capital y su incidencia en los métodos de flujo de caja descontados

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    Gustavo A. Pérez

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Un estudio de factibilidad técnico económico en cualquier rama de la ingeniería o en cualquier tipo de negocio, implica conocer una medida de la rentabilidad del emprendimiento. Actualmente, nadie discute que para una toma de decisión fundamentada se deben utilizar los métodos de flujo de caja descontados (DCF, a pesar de que persisten otras formas muy difundidas (por ejemplo: período de repago, relación beneficio/costo. El objetivo del trabajo es analizar críticamente los métodos a utilizar para evaluar proyectos mutuamente excluyentes, como también proponer formas alternativas de análisis de rentabilidad que contemplen la incidencia de las distintas tasas y acoten la decisión de un modo adecuado. La propuesta presentada aquí permite ordenar alternativas excluyentes con criterios que contengan una visión mas completa. El resultado más interesante está relacionado con la sensibilidad de los métodos sobre las variables de decisión inherentes a estos.Palabras clave: DCF, costo de capital; proyectos excluyentes; rentabilidad de proyectos.

  17. Minería ilícita: incidencia en la convivencia y seguridad ciudadana en diez departamentos de Colombia

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    Mauricio Romero Hernández

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available El desarrollo del delito de minería ilícita tiene amplia incidencia en el incremento de los índices de violencia en municipios mineros de Colombia, como se deduce de la presente investigación, que se realizó con el objetivo de explicar el impacto de la minería ilícita en la convivencia y seguridad ciudadana en los citados municipios. Método. La investigación fue de tipo mixto, de alcance exploratorio descriptivo, constituida por una muestra de 129 funcionarios públicos y particulares, distribuidos en 42 municipios de diez departamentos. Los resultados se analizaron desde la teoría integradora del delito, y revelan altos niveles de deterioro de la convivencia y seguridad ciudadana en municipios con vocación minera, evidenciados por elevadas tasas de homicidio, lesiones personales y extorsión, situación que es aprovechada por los grupos armados organizados al margen de la Ley para perpetuar las espirales de violencia y subdesarrollo en las áreas donde delinquen.

  18. ESTRATEGIAS DE ACCION E INCIDENCIA EN LAS POLITICAS PUBLICAS DE LAS COOPERATIVAS DE TERCER GRADO EN ARGENTINA

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    María Cristina Acosta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo indaga sobre la incidencia de las entidades representativas del cooperativismo argentino en las políticas públicas contemporáneas. Se presenta un estudio de caso de las dos más importantes cooperativas de tercer grado del país, se analizan sus metas y estrategias en las interacciones con las dependencias estatales. Los resultados de las acciones de los actores definen metas y estrategias que pueden ser convergentes y/o divergentes. Se concluye que los vínculos que han construido las confederaciones seleccionadas con el Estado presentan características de complementación y cooperación en términos generales. Asimismo, la facultad de las organizaciones estudiadas para incidir en la definición de las políticas públicas resulta no solamente de los recursos propios, sino, principalmente, de las oportunidades políticas y la capacidad de establecer alianzas inter-actorales mediante estrategias colectivas.

  19. Self y creatividad en el pragmatismo de C.S. Peirce: "la incidencia del instante presente en la conducta"

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    Fernando Andacht

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta una reflexión sobre la relevancia teórica y analítica de la creatividad y de la espontaneidad, consideradas como un aspecto central del modelo semiótico de C.S. Peirce, y lo hace a través del estudio de su incidencia en la identidad humana, en el self. Para ello, apelo a una serie de conceptos técnicos de la te ría de los signos peirceana, los cuales son aplicados a un abordaje analítico contemporáneo de un film de ficción realista. En su trama narrativa, bajo la forma de una alegoría realista, es posible contemplar el proceso en virtud del cual emerge en la vida de cada día la tendencia creativa al cambio, en fuerte tensión con su opuesto, la tendencia conservadora que, en caso de adquirir una hegemonía excesiva, busca convertir un estado concreto de cosas en algo permanente y opresor para la vida humana concebida como el aumento continuo de razonabilidad.

  20. Incidencia de las neumonias neumocócicas en el ámbito hospitalario en el Comunidad Valenciana durante el período 1995-2001

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    Ana María Comes Castellano

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Las neumonías neumocóccicas son un importante problema de salud. El objetivo del estudio es conocer la evolución en la Comunidad Valenciana de las neumonías neumocóccicas hospitalarias desde 1995 a 2001. Métodos: Del Conjunto Mínimo Básico de Datos se seleccionaron los casos de neumonías neumocócica en la Comunidad Valenciana. Se calculó el intervalo de confianza (95% y ANOVA con el programa SPSS, así como la incidencia y su evolución en el tiempo y las interacciones con las variables de sexo, edad, y provincia. Se calculó igualmente el promedio de estancia hospitalaria. Resultados: La incidencia del periodo fue de 29 casos por 100.000. Disminuye desde 1996 y se estabiliza en los últimos años del estudio. En personas mayores de 65 años la incidencia fue de 101 por 100.000, mientras que en menores de 5 años fue de 76 por 100.000. La incidencia en mujeres fue de 22 por 100.000 y de 37 por 100.000 en hombres. La incidencia por provincias fue de 31 para Valencia, 21 para Alicante y 24 para Castellón; en Valencia y Alicante tienden a estabilizarse, mientras que ascienden en Castellón. La estancia media fue de 10,6±9 días, siendo de 12,5 en el grupo de 45 a 64 años. Conclusiones: Las neumonías neumocócicas son más frecuentes en las edades extremas. Afectan más a hombres, especialmente en mayores de 65 años. Se observa una evolución diferente en la provincia de Castellón. El promedio de estancia varía según la edad, sin existir diferencias significativas entre sexo o grupo de edad.

  1. Incidencia en España de la asbestosis y otras enfermedades pulmonares benignas debidas al amianto durante el período 1962-2010

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    Montserrat García Gómez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: En España carecemos de una descripción completa de las enfermedades profesionales causadas por el amianto. El objetivo del presente trabajo esconocer la incidencia durante el período 1962-2010 de las asbestosis y otras enfermedades pulmonares benignas por amianto reconocidas como profesionales y su distribución por sectores, ocupación, sexo y ámbito geográfico. Métodos: El número de casos se obtuvo de las Memorias del INP (años 1962 a 1975, de la Estadística del Ministerio de Trabajo y las Memorias del Servicio de Higiene y Seguridad en el Trabajo (1976 a 1981 y de los Anuarios de Estadísticas Laborales a partir de 1982. Se obtuvieron tasas de incidencia específicas por actividad económica y ocupación. Se estudió la tendencia temporal del número de enfermedades a estudio, así como su distribución geográfica por Comunidad Autónoma y provincia. Resultados: Desde 1963 hasta 2010 se reconocieron 815 asbestosis y 46 afecciones fibrosantes de pleura y pericardio. La incidencia media anual de asbestosis fue 0,20 por 100.000 personas asalariadas (0,31 en el año 1990 y 0,40 en 2010. De 1990 a 2001 el sector del fibrocemento acumuló 189 casos de asbestosis, el naval 173, la construcción 49 y la metalurgia 35. Por ocupación, los operadores de maquinas fijas presentaron 114 casos, los moldeadores, soldadores, chapistas y montadores de estructuras metálicas 88 casos y los pintores, fontaneros e instaladores de tuberías 59. Las Comunidades Autónomas con más casos fueron la Valenciana (106, Galicia (86, Andalucía (82, Cataluña (75, Madrid (58 y País Vasco (41. Conclusiones: Las tasas de incidencia y la tendencia de asbestosis profesionales en España pueden estar evidenciando el infrareconocimiento del origen profesional de estas enfermedades en nuestro país. Los sectores más afectados fueron el del fibrocemento y el naval y la incidencia más alta se dió en la Comunidad Valenciana.

  2. Incidencia de lesiones en futbolistas profesionales de los equipos antioqueños en la temporada de julio a diciembre de 2006

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    Cristian Alexander Quiceno Noguera

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: el fútbol tiene un gran número de aficionados y practicantes. La incidencia de lesiones en este deporte es alta. En los jugadores profesionales la edad se ha encontrado como un factor de riesgo, principalmente entre los 20 y 24 años. OBJETIVO: determinar la densidad de incidencia de lesiones en los equipos de Antioquia de la categoría profesional primera A durante el período julio a diciembre de 2006; y la posible asociación con variables como: edad, experiencia como jugador profesional, posición de juego y lesiones previas. METODOLOGÍA: estudio observacional analítico, de cohortes dinámicas de los 88 jugadores de los equipos de Antioquia en la categoría profesional A. Se calculó la densidad de incidencia de lesiones por mil horas de exposición en partido, entrenamiento y total; también las posibles asociaciones de edad, dominancia, experiencia, posición de juego y lesiones previas, con lesionarse. El nivel de significación fue del 5% (< 0,05. RESULTADOS: las densidades de incidencia fueron de 2,81 por 1.000 horas de exposición total, 2,01 por 1.000 horas de entrenamiento y 14,42 por 1.000 horas de partido. Los jugadores mayores de 25 años tuvieron un riesgo de lesionarse de 2,15 comparados con los menores de 25 años (p = 0,003 IC 95% 1,32-3,52; y una menor probabilidad de supervivencia libre de lesiones (Log Rank = 0,0050. CONCLUSIONES: la densidad de incidencia de lesiones es mayor en partido que en entrenamiento, similar a la reportada en la literatura previa. Además el único factor asociado con el riesgo de lesión es la edad.

  3. Cancer incidence estimates at the national and district levels in Colombia Incidencia estimada de cáncer en Colombia a nivel departamental y nacional

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    Marion Piñeros

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To estimate national and district cancer incidence for 18 major cancer sites in Colombia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National and district incidence was estimated by applying a set of age, sex and site-specific incidence/mortality ratios, obtained from a population-based cancer registry, to national and regional mortality. The work was done in Bogotá (Colombia and Lyon (France between May 2003 and August 2004. RESULTS: The annual total number of cases expected (all cancers but skin was 17 819 in men and 18 772 in women. Among males the most frequent cancers were those of the prostate (45.8 per 100 000, stomach (36.0, and lung (20.0. In females the most frequent were those of the cervix uteri (36.8 per 100 000, breast (30.0, and stomach (20.7. Districts with the lowest death certification coverage yielded the highest incidence rates. CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of national population-based cancer registry data, estimates of incidence provide valuable information at national and regional levels. As mortality data are an important source for the estimation, the quality of death certification should be considered as a possible cause of bias.OBJETIVOS: Determinar la incidencia nacional y departamental para 18 tipos de cáncer en Colombia. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se estimaron casos y tasas de incidencia ajustadas por edad a partir de razones incidencia/mortalidad según edad, sexo y tipo de cáncer. Los casos se tomaron de un registro poblacional y se usó la información oficial de mortalidad. El trabajo se realizó en Bogotá (Colombia y en Lyon (Francia entre mayo de 2003 y agosto de 2004. RESULTADOS: El número anual de casos esperados (todos los cánceres fue 17 819 en hombres y 18 772 en mujeres. Los principales cánceres en hombres fueron los de próstata (45.8 por 100 000, estómago (36.0 y pulmón (20.0; en mujeres fueron los de cuello uterino (36.8 por 100 000, mama (30.0 y estómago (20.7. Los departamentos con baja cobertura del

  4. España imagina los Balcanes. Construyendo puentes hacia el “otro europeo” en Yugoslavia y Bosnia y Hercegovina

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    Andrea Maura Castilla

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available La región de los Balcanes ha sido tradicionalmente representada como una “periferia europea” y un “otro europeo” en los discursos occidentales desde el siglo XVIII. Estos discursos han quedado plasmados en los textos de distintos viajeros, administradores y científicos europeos que han tenido una experiencia directa o indirecta con los Balcanes. En los años noventa semejantes peroratas fueron recuperadas cuando tuvo lugar la desintegración de Yugoslavia, presentando la situación de guerra y violencia como algo “típico balcánico”. En este trabajo pretendo analizar las representaciones españolas de los Balcanes a través de la historia y la literatura españolas desde el siglo XVI hasta la actualidad con la intención de comprobar la especificidad o no de las ideas españolas sobre los Balcanes elaboradas por viajeros, escritores, diplomáticos, estrategas, militares y científicos. Debido a que la particularidad de este tema es la rearticulación de viejas imágenes/percepciones de la región en los noventa, el objetivo es contrastar los discursos españoles sobre la desintegración de Yugoslavia y el conflicto armado en Bosnia y Hercegovina (BiH con las principales suposiciones que conforman el “estereotipo balcánico”.

  5. Estudios sobre Cacao 1.Incidencia de la "Pasmazón de los Pepinos" en Algunos Cacaos Venezolanos

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    Ciferri R.

    1948-12-01

    Full Text Available Se investigó la incidencia de la pudrición de la mazorca del cacao por el Phytophthora palmivora Butler sobre diferentes grupos de variedades de cacao cultivadas en el ambiente subárido de regadío en Ocumare de la Costa, Estado Aragua, Venezuela. Se ha averiguado que la infección sistémica de dichas mazorcas proviene de la infección primaria de los cojines florales, habiéndose estudiado su curso y sus características. Entre otras cosas se notó que, aunque es verdad que el período de mayor susceptibilidad a la infección sistémica es el que corre desde el fin del estado de pepino del fruto (fruto mayor de 9-10 centímetros, o sea de 75 a 90 días de edad y el fin del período de desarrollo del fruto (140 a 150 días a contar desde la fecundación de la flor, puede haber un estado precoz de infección de la mazorca joven, el cual no ocurre nunca antes de los quince días de edad, esto es, en el período de máxima incidencia de la enfermedad fisiológica conocida como "pasmazón de los pepinos". Dicha infección es exclusivamente sistémica y puede afectar hasta las dos quintas partes de los pepinos que cuelgan de cojines infectados. Observóse que el chancro del tallo, que por lo regular sigue a la infección del cojín floral, no es tan dañino como comúnmente se afirma, pero que sus daños económicos se deben a la improductividad producida en el cojín infectado. El Criollo de concha decolorada es más susceptible a la infección por Phytophthora que el de concha morada y el híbrido forastero venezolano el cual, a su vez, parece más susceptible a la infección del cojín floral que los demás grupos de variedades. En un lapso de 10 meses los frutos infectados por medio del cojín floral representan los tres cuartos o cuatro quintos del total. La presencia de pigmento antociánico en la cáscara de la mazorca no madura parece conferir una relativa resistencia a la infección por el Phytophthora; empero, en el Forastero

  6. Análisis y predicción de la incidencia de tuberculosis pulmonar con baciloscopia positiva en Cienfuegos

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    José Danilo Pacheco González

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: la eliminación de la tuberculosis como problema de salud pública precisa el perfeccionamiento de las acciones preventivas sobre los casos de tuberculosis pulmonar con baciloscopia positiva.Objetivo: analizar la incidencia de tuberculosis pulmonar con baciloscopia positiva en el municipio Cienfuegos durante 1995-2013 y establecer pronóstico para el cuatrienio 2014- 2017.Métodos: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo que incluyó 133 casos de pacientes con baciloscopia positiva notificados. Se analizó: edad, sexo, área de salud, resultado de la baciloscopia, demora y lugar de diagnóstico. La predicción fue realizada con el modelo suavizado exponencial de Brown.Resultados: la baciloscopia positiva presentó una tendencia decreciente, representó el 56,1 % del total de casos de tuberculosis pulmonar. Predominaron los enfermos masculinos y el grupo de edades de 60 años y más. El 84,2 % de los casos presentó codificaciones altas en los exámenes microscópicos de esputo realizados. Menos del 52 % de los diagnósticos fueron realizados en la atención primaria de salud y solo el 50 % se enmarcó dentro del tiempo establecido por el programa como indicador operacional. Se predice que ocurrirá un discreto descenso de casos nuevos de pacientes con baciloscopia positiva en los próximos cuatro años. Conclusiones: eliminar la tuberculosis como problema sanitario es posible a mediano plazo en Cienfuegos; sin embargo el incumplimiento persistente de los indicadores que evalúan las acciones preventivas realizadas en los casos con baciloscopia positiva es y será un obstáculo serio para reducir la morbilidad y transmisibilidad de la enfermedad en la localidad.

  7. INCIDENCIA DE LOS TIROS LIBRES EN PARTIDOS DE BALONCESTO PROFESIONAL [Incidence of free throws in professional basketball games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Vicente García Tormo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio es describir la incidencia que tiene el tiro libre sobre el resultado final del encuentro, además de ver que otros factores pueden influir en el porcentaje final de aciertos de tiros libres, comparando para ello las ligas profesionales nacionales con la competición europea. Para ello se han analizado un total de 59364 tiros libres efectuados en 1722 partidos correspondientes a dos temporadas de las ligas profesionales de baloncesto españolas (ACB y LFB y europeas (Euroleague y Euroleague Women. Se ha realizado un análisis descriptivo, un análisis de sincronía y un análisis de los residuos tipificados corregidos. Los resultados evidencian la importancia de los tiros libres en el resultado final, en especial en las ligas masculinas y cuando el marcador final es ajustado. Así mismo, el factor cancha como local tiene relación con una mayor eficacia en los tiros libres y en lograr la victoria.AbstractThe aim of this study is to describe the incident of the free throw on the final results of the basketball match, and see how other factors may influence the final average of successful free throws, comparing national leagues with European competition. A total of 59,364 free throws have been analyzed, corresponding to 1722 matches from two seasons of the Spanish professional basketball league (ACB and LFB and European league (Euroleague Euroleague and women. Has been made descriptive analysis, an analysis of synchrony and an analysis of the residuals corrected. The results demonstrate the importance of free throws for the final score, especially in male and when is a close match. Likewise, the home court advantage is related to higher efficiency in free throws and win the match.

  8. Tasas de incidencia y mortalidad por Cáncer de Mama en el Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga en el período 2001-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Esperanza Osma Zambrano

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El cáncer de mama es un problema de salud pública a nivel mundial; es por eso que conocer las tasas de incidencia y mortalidad en nuestra región es prioritario para evaluar globalmente el estado de salud-enfermedad secundario de esta lesión tumoral. Objetivo: Describir las tasas de incidencia y mortalidad por cáncer de mama en las mujeres del Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga (AMB durante el primer quinquenio de funcionamiento del Registro Poblacional de Cáncer del AMB (RPC-AMB Metodología: Los casos de cáncer de mama invasivos, primarios en mujeres, diagnosticados durante el período 2001-2005 se seleccionaron de la base del RPC-AMB. Los datos de población y mortalidad se obtuvieron del Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE, Secretaria de Salud Departamental y Registraduría Nacional de la Nación. De la misma manera, se estimaron tasas crudas de incidencia (TC y mortalidad (TMC totales y específicas por grupos de edad y las tasas de incidencia estandarizada (TEE y mortalidad ajustada por edad (TMEE para el quinquenio correspondiente por el método directo. Resultados: Se identificaron 999 casos de cáncer de mama invasivo. Se excluyeron del análisis once pacientes después de completarse el segundo proceso de validación. La TC global fue de 37.8/100.000 mujeres y la TEE global fue de 38.9/100.000 mujeres. La TMC global fue de 17.3/100.000 mujeres y la TMEE fue de 17.5/100.000 mujeres. La mortalidad acumulada a 5 años por cáncer de mama para la cohorte fue de 44.4 % (IC95% 41.2-47.6. La sumatoria de tiempo de seguimiento fue de 72.520.6 meses o 6.043.4 años, con un rango interquartil de (37.9-114.6. La densidad de incidencia fue de 4.32 muertes por cáncer de mama invasivo por cada 1.000 mujeres por meses de seguimiento (IC 95% 3.9-4.8. Siendo la densidad de incidencia mayor para las pacientes menores de 44 años con 4.55 (IC 95% 3.61-5.73 y para las mayores de 65 años con 6.18 (IC 95% 5

  9. Incidencia de infecciones postquirúrgicas de terceros molares en pacientes atendidos en clínica de enseñanza odontológica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.H. Gutiérrez Valdez

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de infecciones postquirúrgicas de terceros molares. Material y métodos: Se estudiaron 149 pacientes consecutivos que acudieron a la clínica de cirugía bucal en la Facultad de Odontología de la UNAM con indicación quirúrgica de tercer molar, sin compromiso sistémico, medicación en los siete días previos y ausencia de sintomatología infecciosa. Se registraron características sociodemográficas, de los molares y de la cirugía. Los procedimientos fueron realizados en una clínica de enseñanza odontológica universitaria por alumnos del cuarto año de licenciatura con ayuda y supervisión de profesores especialistas. Se diagnosticó la presencia de infección a los siete y quince días postquirúrgicos. Para determinar la incidencia de infección se utilizó estadística descriptiva. La información se procesó en el programa SPSS 17.0. Resultados: El 51% de los pacientes fue de sexo masculino con una edad media de 25±7,5 años, se incluyeron 347 molares (161 maxilares y 186 mandibulares. El 1,3% de los pacientes desarrolló infección todos en mandíbula izquierda. Se encontró asociación significativa p<0,05 del desarrollo de infección con la posición del tercer molar (posición B y C, complejidad operatoria (retención parcial y completa en hueso, alcohol y tabaco. Discusión: La incidencia de infecciones fue el 1,3% de los pacientes, todos los molares fueron mandibulares izquierdos.

  10. Incidencia de las variaciones del salario real sobre la actividad económica de Venezuela. Período (1998-2006

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    Bladimir David Pozo Sulbarán

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza la incidencia de las variaciones del salario real, por una parte, al constituir una fuente de ingreso, sobre el consumo privado, y por otra parte, al constituir un costo de producción, sobre la función de producción de las empresas, para que finalmente y a nivel agregado analizar su incidencia sobre el PIB para Venezuela durante el período 1998:I-2006:I, con datos trimestrales tomando como variable "Proxy" de las variaciones del salario real, al índice de remuneraciones a los asalariados real (IRE Real y utilizando la metodología de Mínimos Cuadrados Ordinarios (MCO, para la estimación demodelos Logarítmicos - Lineales (Log - Lin, entre ellos una función de producción de tipo Cobb-Douglas; se concluye con la evidencia disponible que el IRE Real, a pesar de tener una relación inversa (Negativa y significativa con respecto al producto, dentro de la función de producción de las empresas, al constituir un costo de producción, no presenta una relación directa (Positiva con respecto al consumo, al constituir una fuente de ingreso para los trabajadores, asimismo no presenta una incidencia significativa con respecto a la actividad económica (PIB, estos resultados pueden atribuirse al hecho, de que las variaciones de los precios han sido proporcionalmente superiores a las variaciones del salario nominal, disminuyendo así la capacidad de compra real de la población, y de la gran influencia que ejerce el sector informal de la economía sobre la actividad económica del país.

  11. EL SISTEMA DE CONTROL INTERNO Y SU INCIDENCIA EN LAS UNIDADES DE LOGÍSTICA Y CONTROL PATRIMONIAL DE LA MUNICIPALIDAD PROVINCIAL DE TALARA - 2014

    OpenAIRE

    ALFARO ALFARO, GUSTAVO OTILANO

    2016-01-01

    La investigación titulada, “El Sistema de Control Interno y su incidencia en las Unidades de Logística y Control Patrimonial de la Municipalidad Provincial de Talara”, tiene como propósito, proponer la implementación de una eficiente Estructura de Control Interno, mediante la aplicación del Informe COSO I, enfoque moderno sobre Control Interno, en las Unidades de Logística y Control Patrimonial de la Municipalidad provincial de Talara, para el mejoramiento de su gestión y el logro de sus obje...

  12. Incidencia de labio y paladar hendido en el Hospital General "Dr. Aurelio Valdivieso" del estado de Oaxaca de 2008 a 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Flor de María Contreras-Acevedo; Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís; Santa Adriana Martínez-Mendoza; América Patricia Pontigo-Loyola; Herman Adolfo Estrada-Meráz; Mauricio Escoffié-Ramírez

    2012-01-01

    Introducción: las fisuras de labio y/o paladar o ambas, son las anomalías craneofaciales más frecuentes. Objetivo: determinar la incidencia del labio y/o paladar o ambas, en pacientes de un hospital de Oaxaca (2008-2010). Material y métodos: estudio transversal y retrospectivo realizado en nacidos vivos con hendidura orofacial no sindrómica. Las variables fueron: labio y/o paladar hendidos sexo y año de nacimiento. Se revisaron los expedientes clínicos de los nacidos labio y/o paladar hendido...

  13. Disparidades en la incidencia de sífilis congénita en colombia 2005 a 2011: un estudio ecológico

    OpenAIRE

    Alzate Granados, Juan Pablo; Eslava Schamabach, Javier Hernando; Sanchez Bello, Nubia Fernanda; Peralta Pizza, Fernando; Amaya Arias, Ana Carolina

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo La sífilis es una enfermedad infectocontagiosa, sistémica, de transmisión sexual causada por la espiroqueta Treponema pallidum. Las intervenciones que disminuyan la incidencia de la sífilis congénita contribuyen con dos de las metas de desarrollo del milenio (MDG). Existen métodos de diagnóstico y tratamiento para manejar la sífilis congénita, aunque, existen variaciones en seroprevalencia y el número de casos anuales mundialmente, la situación sigue siendo preocupante. El objetivo d...

  14. Incidencia de las neumonias neumocócicas en el ámbito hospitalario en el Comunidad Valenciana durante el período 1995-2001

    OpenAIRE

    Ana María Comes Castellano; José Antonio Lluch Rodrigo; Antonio Portero Alonso; Eliseo Pastor Villalba; Miguel Sanz Valero

    2004-01-01

    Fundamento: Las neumonías neumocóccicas son un importante problema de salud. El objetivo del estudio es conocer la evolución en la Comunidad Valenciana de las neumonías neumocóccicas hospitalarias desde 1995 a 2001. Métodos: Del Conjunto Mínimo Básico de Datos se seleccionaron los casos de neumonías neumocócica en la Comunidad Valenciana. Se calculó el intervalo de confianza (95%) y ANOVA con el programa SPSS, así como la incidencia y su evolución en el tiempo y las interacciones con las vari...

  15. Programación de abastecimiento y su incidencia en la gestión de logística en la Universidad Nacional Jorge Basadre Grohmann

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Cáceres, Felipe Yony

    2011-01-01

    La investigación busca estudiar y analizar cada uno de los procesos técnicos de la programación de abastecimiento, con la finalidad de establecer y determinar su incidencia en la gestión logística de la Universidad Nacional Jorge Basadre Grohmann; concluyendo que la programación de abastecimiento incide significativamente en la gestión de logística, así como en los resultados en la adquisición de bienes y servicios, por ende la gestión de logística es ineficiente. Tesis

  16. El sistema de contratación en las actividades del sector petrolero y su incidencia en la economía del país.

    OpenAIRE

    Guevara M., Víctor, Ing.

    2001-01-01

    La presencia del petróleo en la vida de los habitantes de la Península de Santa Elena se remonta a tiempos muy antiguos, los afloramientos de breas y asfaltos a la superficie les permitió usarlo de acuerdo a los conocimientos y necesidades de la época, su incidencia en la economía de la región, empieza desde 1911, con las actividades de perforación. El posterior descubrimiento de yacimientos de petróleo en cantidades comerciales hizo posible el desarrollo de Ancón y poblaciones vecinas, al p...

  17. Efecto de Lactobacillus casei sobre la incidencia de procesos infecciosos en niños/as Effect of lactobacillus casei on the incidence of infectious conditions in children

    OpenAIRE

    J. M.ª Cobo Sanz; Mateos, J.A.; A. Muñoz Conejo

    2006-01-01

    Objetivo: Analizar el efecto del consumo continuado de leche fermentada con Lactobacillus casei (DN-114001) (Actimel") sobre la incidencia de los trastornos infecciosos comunes en niños. Ámbito: Población escolar infantil. Sujetos: alumnos de 3 a 12 años de dos centros de educación infantil y primaria de Barcelona. En el estudio participaron un total de 251 niños de ambos sexos. Intervenciones: Se realizó un estudio de intervención nutricional durante 20 semanas con un diseño paralelo, prospe...

  18. Incidencia de complicaciones del soporte nutricional en pacientes críticos: estudio multicéntrico Incidence of nutritional support complications in critical patients: multicenter study

    OpenAIRE

    G. M. Agudelo; N. A. Giraldo; N. Aguilar; Barbosa, J; Castaño, E; Gamboa, S.; M.I. Martínez; S. Alzate; Vanegas, M.; B. Restrepo; J. Román; Serna, A.; Hoyos, M.

    2011-01-01

    Introducción: el soporte nutricional (SN) genera complicaciones que deben detectarse y tratarse oportunamente. Objetivo: Estimar la incidencia de algunas complicaciones del soporte nutricional en pacientes críticamente enfermos. Material y métodos: estudio multicéntrico, descriptivo, prospectivo en pacientes con SN en unidades de cuidados intensivos. Las variables estudiadas fueron diagnóstico médico, estado nutricional, duración del SN, vía de acceso, tipo de fórmula y diez complicaciones. R...

  19. Investigación en Progreso: Estudio Comparativo de la Incidencia de los Lenguajes de Programación en la Productividad Informática

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    Mauricio R. Dávila

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad existe una gran diversidad de lenguajes de programación y a menudo esto dificulta la tarea de seleccionar el lenguaje adecuado para desarrollar una solución determinada. Este estudio se centrara en analizar uno de los factores que afecta la productividad, el referido al lenguaje de programación, siendo el objetivo de la investigación elaborar un procedimiento que permita realizar estudios comparativos sobre la incidencia de los lenguajes de programación en la productividad informática.

  20. Incidencia de infección nosocomial quirúrgica en ginecología y obstetricia en un hospital comarcal

    OpenAIRE

    Manrique F,María Gádor; González B,Antonio; Aceituno V,Longinos; González A,Valois; Redondo A,Rosario; Aisa,Leonardo Mauro; Delgado M,Luís

    2013-01-01

    Introducción: Las infecciones nosocomiales en Obstetricia y Ginecología son causa importante de morbilidad y mortalidad, siendo las más frecuente las de localización quirúrgica. Objetivo: Analizar la incidencia de infecciones nosocomiales relacionadas con las intervenciones mayores más frecuentemente realizadas en Obstetricia y Ginecología. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo de 715 pacientes intervenidas de cesárea o histerectomía abdominal o vaginal, en el Hospital La Inmaculada de Huércal-Overa (...

  1. La capacidad del directivo y su incidencia en el sistema administrativo en las empresas del sector transporte urbano en Ibagué

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    El Directivo es concebido como la máxima autoridad en la organización, su estilo de dirección obedece a criterios intrínsecos, que se complementan con las capacidades que la organización posee. De esta manera, se analiza la incidencia entre la capacidad directiva y el sistema del proceso administrativo, en las empresas del sector transporte urbano en Ibagué, a través, de la relación entre las variables que componen la capacidad de directivo, es decir, la edad, experiencia, capacidad de gestió...

  2. Incidencias de los precios de transferencia en el comercio internacional (las transacciones multilaterales entre España, China y los países latinoamericanos)

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    En la tesis de “Incidencias de los Precios de Transferencia en el comercio internacional (las transacciones multilaterales entre España, China y los Países Latinoamericanos)”, se hace un estudio exhaustivo de los precios de transferencia internacionales, prestando especial atención a países con los que España tiene un elevado índice de transacciones vinculadas. En las últimas décadas el incremento de transacciones internacionales entre empresas vinculadas han propulsado la necesidad de e...

  3. Incidencia y factores de riesgo de bronquitis sibilantes en el primer año de vida resultado de la cohorte de nacimiento de Alzira (Valencia) /

    OpenAIRE

    Amat Madramany, Ana

    2012-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: Determinar la incidencia de bronquitis sibilantes y bronquitis sibilantes recurrentes a los 6 y 12 meses de vida en la población de Alzira. Analizar los factores de riesgo asociados. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio longitudinal prospectivo en una cohorte de nacimiento de 636 niños. Revisión de historias clínicas a los 6 y 12 meses de vida y envío de cuestionarios por correo, con encuesta telefónica si no hubo contestación. Análisis multivariante de los distintos factores de ...

  4. Movimientos migratorios recientes en Europa central y oriental y su incidencia en España y la comunidad Autónoma de Andalucía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matías Mérida Rodríguez

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo expone, en primer lugar, las características de los movimientos migratorios experimentados en Europa Central y Oriental desde la década de los años 90. En segundo lugar analiza la incidencia que ha tenido esta dinámica demográfica en España, especialmente en Andalucía, y finalmente intenta establecer las tendencias futuras, particularmente a partir de la próxima ampliación de la Unión Europea.

  5. La incidencia del ambiente laboral de las organizaciones sobre el indicador Ebitda: estudio basado en el ranking de las mejores empresas GPTW (2004 – 2010) en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Lozano, Geovanny

    2012-01-01

    Los cuestionamientos que le surgen al autor de esta tesis son: ¿Cómo evidenciar la incidencia del ambiente laboral en el desempeño financiero de una organización? ¿Hay relación directa entre la existencia de un excelente ambiente laboral como lo enuncia contundentemente las “Great Place to Work (GPTW)” y los buenos resultados de una organización frente a su sector? ¿Existen otras variables que afectan e inciden sobre la organización, para obtener un resultado financiero positivo, en este caso...

  6. INCIDENCIA DE CASOS ESPORÁDICOS DE LAS INFECCIONES INTESTINALES MÁS FRECUENTES EN CASTELLÓN

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    Juan B. Bellido

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Las infecciones intestinales son procesos muy frecuentes de las que solo una parte son identificadas por los sistemas de vigilancia epidemiológica. El objetivo de este estudio es estimar la incidencia poblacional por grupos de edad de las infecciones intestinales esporádicas diagnosticadas en un área sanitaria de Castellón durante el año 2000. Métodos: A partir de los coprocultivos de rutina, se reunieron los datos demográficos básicos de cada enfermo para el cálculo de las tasas de diagnóstico y de hospitalización. En niños de hasta 5 años de edad se calcularon las tasas por año para cada microorganismo. Resultados: Campylobacterpresentó las tasas más altas (114,5 por 105, seguido de rotavirus (94,7 y Salmonella(83,0. Rotavirus predomina en menores de 1 año (3.194 x 105, Campylobacter en 1- 4 años, con un máximo de 3.850 por 105 en el segundo año de vida mientras Salmonella predominó en todas las edades a partir de los 5 años. Las tasas de casos hospitalizados tuvieron un patrón diferente, con rotavirus en primer lugar (34,9 por 105, Salmonella (21,7 por 105 y Campylobacter (9,9 por 105. Excepto Salmonella, no hubo brotes en ese periodo El predominio de Campylobacter se observó a expensas de los casos en niños de 1-4 años no hospitalizados. Conclusiones: Hasta los 4 años de edad la distribución de los gérmenes causantes de las infecciones es diferente para cada año. El conocimiento de la epidemiología descriptiva de estas infecciones contribuye al estudio de su impacto social y presta soporte para profundizar en algunas cuestiones que se plantean ante estas enfermedades y los aspectos preventivos que se puedan implementar.

  7. Incidencia de la posmodernidad en la conducta deportiva de los adolescentes mendocinos que estudian en centros estatales y privados

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    Mirta Elena Sánchez García

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Título en inglés: Incidence of postmodernity in the sport habits of the mendocinian adolescents who study in state and private centers. El hombre vive una época caracterizada por una cultura sometida a cambios tan profundos y acelerados, que es difícil evitar la desorientación en todos los ámbitos y niveles de la vida humana. Desde los 60, “estar en el cambio” era signo de “buena onda”. Pero por la perplejidad de esta época de cambios, hoy se habla de un “Cambio de Época”. La Modernidad deja paso a la Posmodernidad. En este trabajo se investigó con un diseño no experimental, transeccional descriptivo y correlacional para indagar la incidencia y los niveles en que se manifiesta la conducta deportiva en adolescentes, cuyos valores están afectados por la crisis de la sociedad posmoderna.Se seleccionó a alumnos del Colegio del Deporte, que realizan práctica deportiva cinco veces por semana y alumnos de la Escuela 4-083 “A. Álvarez”, con dos sesiones semanales. Los resultados no demostraron que la práctica deportiva incida sobre las conductas adolescentes, lo que no permite inferir que el deporte contrarreste los efectos nocivos de la Posmodernidad. Las conclusiones dejan planteados interesantes aspectos del deporte y su práctica.--------------------------------------------------------------------------The man lives in a time characterize by a culture under such deep and accelerated changes that is difficult avoiding the disorientation in all ranges and levels of the human life. From 60’ s “being in the change” was sign of “coll.”. But because of the perplexity of this time of changes today we speak abait a charge of time. The Modernity leaves way to the Postmodernity. This work, was investigated with a non experimental, transeccional descriptiveard correlative design in order to question the incidence of the levels in wich the sport behavior of teenagers is reflect which values are affected by the

  8. Incidencia de videojuegos en el retraimiento de niños de 6 a 12 años

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcy Jeanette Lancheros Maldonado

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa problemática del uso inadecuado de videojuegos en niños y jóvenes radica en el exceso de tiempo que le destinan y su incidencia en la conducta social. El retraimiento y la sobrededicación de tiempo fueron indicadores relevantes detectados en la investigación, después de realizar pruebas de socialización Bass, que midiendo los aspectos perturbadores y facilitadores de dicha conducta en padres, docentes y niños, llevaron a examinar los niveles de ejercitación y sus posibles implicaciones sociales. El 15,8 % de los menores emplea videojuegos más de cinco horas semanales; además, existe alto retraimiento en 11,8 % de los estudiantes. Investigaciones similares revelan que en general los niños reservan más de dos horas diarias a la televisión o videojuegos frente a los niños cucuteños, que consagran más de cinco horas semanales a esta actividad, incurriendo en mal uso del tiempo. AbstractThe issue of inappropriate use of video games by children and youths is due to the large amount of time spent on this activity and its impact on their social behavior. Withdrawal and time invested in it were relevant indicators identified in the research, after conducting testing socialization Bass, that measuring the disturbing aspects and facilitators of such behavior in parents, teachers and children, led to test for levels of practice and its possible social implications. 15.8 % of children play video games more than 5 hours per week; moreover, there is high withdrawal in 11.8 % of students. Similar research shows that children generally dedicate more than 2 hours a day on television or video games compared with children from Cucuta in Colombia (cucuteños, who devote more than 5 hours per week to this activity, yielding bad use of spare time.

  9. Incidencia de la certificación ISO 9001 en los indicadores de productividad y utilidad financiera de empresas de la zona industrial de Mamonal en Cartagena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Morelos Gómez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo de investigación presenta los resultados de evaluación de indicadores de productividad de las em- presas certificadas en ISO 9001 y su incidencia en la utilidad financiera de las empresas de la Zona Industrial Mamonal en Cartagena. En la metodología utilizada se calcularon los indicadores de productividad y financieros, a las 25 empresas certificadas en calidad. Seguidamente, se utilizó la técnica de análisis multivariante de datos, para explicar la pertenencia y discriminación de cada grupo de indicadores de productividad y financieros, te- niendo como resultado el mejoramiento en la eficiencia productiva de los indicadores razón utilidad bruta/valor agregado (IP1 y razón utilidad neta/capital de trabajo (IP4 entre 2006 y 2010, y por ende la positiva incidencia de estos indicadores en las utilidades financieras, margen bruto (MB y margen operacional (MO.

  10. La incidencia del comportamiento de la víctima en la responsabilidad penal del autor (hacia una teoría unívoca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Iván Machado Rodríguez

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Se propone el estudio de la incidencia del comportamiento de la víctima en la responsabilidad penal del autor, realizándose una breve descripción de las diferentes posturas dogmáticas que se han suscitado en la doctrina jurídico-penal en torno a la relevancia del comportamiento de la víctima. Esta ponencia pretende unificar criterios, y por tanto, dar una solución unívoca a la incidencia del comportamiento de la víctima en el injusto penal. Dicha solución la encuentro en un criterio común, sustentado en el derecho a la autonomía de la voluntad, con el que se puede sistematizar la figura dogmática clásica del consentimiento, proponiéndose un entendimiento de la misma, desde la óptica de la teoría de la imputación objetiva, y para ello, se incluye el consentimiento como una causa de ausencia de la imputación objetiva, en su modalidad de criterio delimitante del riesgo permitido.

  11. La incidencia del comportamiento de la víctima en la responsabilidad penal del autor (hacia una teoría unívoca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Iván Machado Rodríguez

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Se propone el estudio de la incidencia del comportamiento de la víctima en la responsabilidad penal del autor, realizándose una breve descripción de las diferentes posturas dogmáticas que se han suscitado en la doctrina jurídico-penal en torno a la relevancia del comportamiento de la víctima. Esta ponencia pretende unificar criterios, y por tanto, dar una solución unívoca a la incidencia del comportamiento de la víctima en el injusto penal. Dicha solución la encuentro en un criterio común, sustentado en el derecho a la autonomía de la voluntad, con el que se puede sistematizar la figura dogmática clásica del consentimiento, proponiéndose un entendimiento de la misma, desde la óptica de la teoría de la imputación objetiva, y para ello, se incluye el consentimiento como una causa de ausencia de la imputación objetiva, en su modalidad de criterio delimitante del riesgo permitido.

  12. Incidencia de desnutrición en pacientes quirúrgicos diabéticos y no diabéticos en el servicio de cirugía general

    OpenAIRE

    O. M. Solóirzano-Pineda; F. A. Rivera López; B. Rubio-Martínez

    2012-01-01

    Objetivos: La desnutrición en los pacientes hospitalizados tiene una prevalencia del 30% al 50%. Incrementando la tasa de morbilidad y mortalidad. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la incidencia de desnutrición en pacientes diabéticos y no diabéticos en el servicio de cirugía general. Métodos: Estudio observacional prospectivo, longitudinal mediante evaluación del estado nutricional por medio de VGS, CONUT, MNA. Resultados: 384 pacientes: 97 quirúrgicos diabéticos, incidencia de desnu...

  13. Tuberías de asbesto en los acueductos: ¿Existe o no relación con la incidencia de cancer gastrico en Costa Rica?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darner A Mora Alvarado

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available A nivel mundial existe controversia debido al uso de tubería y estructuras de asbesto en acueductos y su posible relación con la incidencia de cáncer gástrico (CG. En Costa Rica, en los últimos 10 años, el Ay A ha sido denunciado en dos ocasiones ante los Tribunales de Justicia; la primera, por el uso de este tipo de tuberías en el acueducto de Palmares y la segunda en Nicoya. En razón de estas controversias, el presente trabajo tiene como objetivo general analizar si existe o no asociación estadística entre la incidencia de CG y la presencia de tuberías de asbesto en los sistemas de abastecimiento de agua potable en cada cantón de Costa Rica. Para cumplir con este objetivo, la metodología utilizada se divide en dos etapas (una descriptiva y otra analítica. En la primera, se describen las tasas de incidencia de CG/100.000 hab. en los 81 cantones del país, gracias a la información del Registro Nacional de Tumores; estos datos se agrupan en cuatro grupos de incidencia de CG, por cantones, a saber: muy alta ("MA", alta ("A", baja ("B" y muy baja ("MB" en el período 1994 - 2001. Se realizaron estudios del conteo de fibras de asbesto en aguas de nueve acueductos urbanos: Nicoya, Liberia, Hojancha, Puntarenas, San Ramón, Palmares, San Isidro de Pérez Zeledón, Tejar de El Guarco y la Fuente Chigüite en Tres Ríos de La Unión. En la etapa analítica se aplicó el marco uniforme a un estudio retrospectivo de casos y controles, en donde los cantones con tuberías de asbesto en sus acueductos conforman el grupo de estudio y los que no 10 tienen, el grupo control; a estos se les realiza una Prueba de Hipótesis al 95% de fuerza de asociación estadística entre el uso de estructuras asbesto y CG, además de un análisis de conglomerados de CG en comunidades con o sin acueductos con tubería de asbesto, en el período 1990 - 1997. Los resultados indican que no existe relación estadísticamente significativa entre las comunidades que se

  14. War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-25

    also reported that presently the United States was contributing “approximately 817 military personnel: to the NATO-led Kosovo Force ( KFOR ) in Kosovo...continued to be deployed in Kosovo as part of the NATO-led KFOR (1,900 personnel); in Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of the NATO-led SFOR (about 1,100...military personnel continued to be deployed in Kosovo as part of the NATO-led KFOR (1,800 personnel); and in Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of the NATO

  15. Las Remesas Internacionales y su incidencia en el Desarrollo Humano en San José Chiltepec, Oaxaca: Un estudio exploratorio

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    Beatriz Acosta Uribe

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios migratorios han focalizado una buena parte de su interés en las remesas y su posible impacto en las comunidades receptoras. La literatura especializada ha señalado y tipificado los rasgos esenciales del fenómeno, así como la importancia que tienen éstas en el desarrollo económico de México, fundamentalmente a partir de la dimensión regional. Sin embargo, poco se sabe sobre la relación entre las remesas y el Desarrollo Humano en los lugares de alta y mediana intensidad migratoria. Hoy en día existe un consenso en los trabajos de investigación sobre remesas en el sentido de que éstas se han constituido en un importante factor para incrementar los niveles de consumo y la adquisición de bienes duraderos por parte de los familiares de los migrantes (Canales, 2006. No obstante, es imperativo explorar y medir la potencial incidencia de las remesas en el mejoramiento de la calidad de vida de las personas que las reciben. En este sentido, el Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD ha definido el Desarrollo Humano como el proceso de ampliación de las capacidades para elegir de los individuos, y cuyo objetivo es expandir la gama de oportunidades para que las personas puedan vivir una vida saludable, creativa y con los recursos para desenvolverse adecuadamente en su entorno social (PNUD; 2009. El presente trabajo retoma tal perspectiva y examina el papel que desempeñan las remesas en el Desarrollo Humano en San José Chiltepec, Oaxaca, localidad enclavada en la cuenca alta del río Papaloapan y de reciente incorporación al fenómeno migratorio. Se analizó la variable de remesas del "Cuestionario de Salud de los Migrantes y sus Familias de la Región Papaloapan, aplicado en los meses de octubre-diciembre de 2008 en la cabecera municipal (Acosta, Ruiz, Flores, Martínez y Padilla, 2008. Se exploraron aspectos relativos a la dimensión del Desarrollo Humano en relación al uso que dan los familiares de los migrantes a

  16. Modelado físico de la incidencia de un chorro de aire sobre una superficie de agua

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    Zenit, R.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The use of gas jets (oxygen plays a key role in several steelmaking processes as in the Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF or in the Electric Arc Furnace (EAF. Those jets improve heat, mass and momentum transfer in the liquid metal, mixing of chemical species enhancing and govern the formation of foaming slag. In this work experimental measurements were performed to determine the dimensions of the cavity formed at the liquid free surface caused by a gas jet impinging on it; also velocities vectors were measured in the zone affected by the gas jet. Cavities were measured from images from high speed camera and the vector maps were obtained with a Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV technique. Both velocities and cavities were determined as a function of the main process variables: gas flow rate, distance of the nozzle from the free surface and lance angle. Cavity dimensions were statistically processed treated as a function of the process variables and also as a function of the proper dimensionless numbers that govern these phenomena. It was found thatWeber and Froude numbers govern the cavity geometry. Liquid flow driven by the jet is mainly affected by the air flow rate, lance height and angle.El uso de chorros de gas (oxígeno es fundamental en diversos procesos de aceración, como el Horno Básico de Oxígeno (BOF, por sus siglas en inglés o en el Horno Eléctrico de Arco (EAF. Estos chorros mejoran la transferencia de calor, masa y cantidad de movimiento en el metal y el mezclado de especies y son muy importantes en la formación de escoria espumosa. En este trabajo, se realizaron mediciones experimentales de las dimensiones de la cavidad formada en la superficie líquida por la incidencia de un chorro, así como también se obtuvieron vectores de velocidad en la zona aledaña a dicha cavidad. Éstas, se midieron usando una cámara de alta velocidad, mientras que los mapas vectoriales se obtuvieron por la técnica PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry. Las

  17. Does the Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) Support Military Peace Operations? A Case Study of JSTARS Support to Operation JOINT ENDEAVOR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Socialist Republics (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro , Serbia, and Slovenia) and two Socialist Autonomous Provinces (Kosovo and...Europe (USAREUR) as well. 21 Roberto Corsini, Colonel, Italian Air Force, "The Balkan War, What Role for Airpower?" Air Power Journal, (Winter 95...Cappacio, Tony. "An Army Bosnia Review Rates JSTARS a White Elephant." Defense Week. (25 October 1996). Corsini, Roberto , COL, Italian Air Force

  18. NATO Enlargement: Albania, Croatia, and Possible Future Candidates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-14

    several months in 1997 after the failure of financial pyramid schemes. Since 1991, both the DPA and the other chief Albanian party, the Socialist...forces participated in SFOR, the NATO-led peacekeeping force in Bosnia , and are part of the current EU force there. Albania has deployed a company...role in Bosnia and Herzegovina, encouraging ethnic Croats there to work within the Bosnian political system rather than seek intervention by Croatia

  19. Carrier Aviation and Hybrid Conflict: The Future of the Strike Fighter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    additional 182 strike missions over Bosnia -Herzegovina.9 Operation DESERT FOX added another eighty-eight strike missions for the F/ A-18. 10 The following...threat to U.S. aircraft in Bosnia and Kosovo. The trend of SAM proliferation will continue in future combat operations with enemy air defenses as...important but "the fighter guys were at the . . . very tip of the pyramid .ඃ .Th~ blockbuster h:it of Top Gun solidified this culture, and the

  20. Incidencia de la hipertransaminemia marcada en un departamento de salud de la comunidad valenciana (período 2002-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Castillo-Gómez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La hipertransaminasemia (HT marcada es una situación no infrecuente en la práctica clínica, que suele interpretarse como lesión hepática aguda primaria. Los objetivos del estudio fueron determinar la incidencia, tasa de mortalidad y etiología de la HT marcada en la población general, y su utilidad como indicadora de daño hepático agudo primario. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo los pacientes con HT marcada (ALT >400 U/L atendidos durante un periodo de 2 años en los centros sanitarios del Departamento 11 de la Comunidad Valenciana. Se revisaron las historias clínicas informatizadas y los resultados de los diversos exámenes complementarios efectuados, analizándose diversas variables: diagnóstico clínico y evolución, otros parámetros bioquímicos de función hepática, y marcadores de serología infecciosa y autoinmunidad. Resultados: Se identificaron 414 pacientes con HT marcada (incidencia de 88 casos/100.000 hab./año, de los cuales 73 fallecieron (tasa de mortalidad de 16 fallecidos/100.000 hab/año. De las veinte etiologías encontradas, las más frecuentes fueron la colestasis extrahepática (28,3%, la hepatopatía hipóxica (14,6% y la sepsis (11,9%. El valor predictivo positivo de la HT marcada como indicador de lesión hepática aguda primaria fue del 27,7%. Conclusiones: La HT marcada es una alteración de notable incidencia en la población general y que lleva asociada una elevada tasa de mortalidad. Su etiología es muy diversa, aunque predomina la de origen extrahepático.

  1. Frecuencia e incidencia de la tromboembolia venosa en un hospital general Frequency and incidence of venous thromboembolism in a general hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan A. Mazzei

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la frecuencia y la incidencia de la tromboembolia venosa (TEV, objetivamente diagnosticada, en un hospital universitario argentino. Se utilizó un diseño retrospectivo, observacional y longitudinal. Se analizaron las historias clínicas de todos los pacientes mayores de 16 años que habían egresado o fallecido en las unidades de internación clínica, obstétrica y quirúrgica del Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín con el diagnóstico de TEV durante un período de 24 meses. La frecuencia y la incidencia de TEV fueron 0.92% y 0.40% (intervalo de confianza de 95% (IC95%: 0.37 a 0.42% respectivamente. La incidencia más alta de TEV se presentó en la novena década de la vida (0.80%; IC95%: 0.78% a 0.82%. Solamente el 31% de los pacientes que desarrollaron TEV durante la internación habían recibido tromboprofilaxis con heparina. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria global de los pacientes con TEV fue 19%.The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE in an Argentine universitary hospital. We used a longitudinal, retrospective, observational design. Participants were all over-16 year patients who were discharged or died in clinical, obstetrical and surgical units in the Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín during a 24 month period between July 1, 2001 and June 30, 2003, with a diagnosis on release of VTE. VTE frequency reached 0.92% and incidence was 0.40%; 95% confidence interval (95% CI: 0.37 to 0.42%. Incidence was highest in the 9th decade of life (0.80%; 95% CI: 0.78% to 0.82%. Only 31% of patients who developed VTE during hospitalization had received thromboprophylaxis. Total in-hospital mortality of VTE patients was 19%.

  2. Cáncer de pulmón en el área sanitaria de Pontevedra: incidencia, presentación clínica y supervivencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.J. González-Barcala

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Describir las características clínicas, epidemiológicas y supervivencia de los pacientes con cáncer de pulmón (CP en el área sanitaria de Pontevedra. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio observacional, retrospectivo, incluyendo todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de CP en el área sanitaria del Complexo Hospitalario de Pontevedra (CHOP, incluyendo todos los casos diagnosticados en un período de 3 años. De cada paciente se incluyeron edad, sexo, tabaquismo, comorbilidad, estado funcional, método diagnóstico, tipo histológico, estadio, tipo de tratamiento y supervivencia. Los pacientes fueron seguidos durante 3 años Resultados. Se incluyeron en el estudio un total de 358 casos de CP, lo cual supone una tasa cruda de incidencia ajustada a la población europea estándar de 37,33/100.000 habitantes/año en varones y de 4,88/100.000 habitantes/año en mujeres. El 87% fueron varones, de 68,7 años de edad media, el 82% fumadores o exfumadores. El tipo histológico más frecuente fue el epidermoide, con el 35,2% de los casos. En el 79% de los casos se realizó el diagnóstico en estadios III-B o IV. La quimioterapia fue el primer tratamiento en el 53% de los casos. La supervivencia al primer año es del 25%, que se reduce al 4% al tercer año. Conclusiones. La incidencia de CP en nuestra área sanitaria sigue predominando en varones fumadores, aunque la incidencia en el sexo femenino y en nunca fumadores es superior a otras poblaciones de nuestro entorno. El diagnóstico se lleva a cabo en fases avanzadas de la enfermedad y la supervivencia es pobre.

  3. Situación del cáncer en España: incidencia State of cancer in Spain: incidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. López-Abente

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Se estima que actualmente se diagnostican en España unos 162.000 casos de cáncer al año (sin contar el cáncer de piel no-melanoma de los que 25.600 corresponden a carcinomas colorrectales, que es el tumor más frecuente de todos en términos absolutos. El siguiente tumor en frecuencia es el cáncer de pulmón con 18.800 casos nuevos, seguido del cáncer de mama en mujeres con 15.979 casos. Cuando se compara la incidencia de cáncer con la de los países de nuestro entorno, en hombres España presenta unas tasas ajustadas superiores a las del promedio de la UE, ocupando el 5º lugar. Sin embargo, en mujeres, España muestra las tasas de incidencia más bajas junto con Grecia. Para el cáncer de vejiga en hombres, España ocupa el primer lugar, con tasas bastante superiores a las del resto de países. Es importante constatar el incremento que está sufriendo la incidencia de cáncer en España y el contraste que supone frente a la evolución de la mortalidad. Para muchas localizaciones tumorales importantes (pulmón, estómago, vejiga, los registros poblacionales no cubren las provincias con una mayor mortalidad.It is estimated that at present in Spain around 162,000 cases of cancer are diagnosed each year (without including non-melanoma skin cancer, of which 25,600 correspond to colorectal carcinomas, which is the most frequent of all tumours in absolute terms. The next tumour in terms of frequency is lung cancer with 18,800 new cases, followed by breast cancer in women with 15,979 cases. When the incidence of cancer is compared with that in neighbouring countries, Spain shows adjusted rates in men higher than those of the average for the EU, occupying the 5th place. However, in women, Spain shows the lowest rates together with Greece. Spain occupies the first place for cancer of the bladder in men, with rates that are considerably higher than those of the rest of the countries. It is important to verify the increase underway in the incidence

  4. El impacto de la exposición a plaguicidas sobre la Incidencia de Cáncer de mama. Evidencia de Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santamaría-Ulloa, Carolina

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El cáncer de mama (CM es el más prevalente y la principal causa de muerte por cáncer en las mujeres alrededor del mundo. El bajo porcentaje de casos relacionado con el historial reproductivo o la genética sugiere que el ambiente puede estar jugando un rol en su etiología. Se ha hipotetizado que la exposición a plaguicidas puede tener un efecto importante. Objetivo: Este estudio ecológico prueba si la incidencia de CM en Costa Rica está relacionada con la exposición ambiental a plaguicidas (EAP, controlando por acceso a servicios de salud, fecundidad, edad al primer embarazo y nivel socioeconómico. Métodos: Se corrió un modelo de regresión de Poisson. Se utilizaron técnicas de análisis espacial para probar si había autocorrelación espacial, y también se utilizó regresión con pesos geográficos. Resultados: La EAP tuvo una asociación directa y estadísticamente significativa con CM en mujeres de 45 años o más. La Razón de Tasas de Incidencia para la EAP fue de 1,29. Es decir, que después de controlar por otros factores de riesgo, mover un distrito al siguiente decil de EAP estuvo asociado con un incremento del 29% en la incidencia de CM para mujeres de 45+. La EAP fue significativa en algunas áreas rurales después de controlar por otros factores. Conclusiones: Parece que sí existe una relación entre el cáncer de mama y los plaguicidas. Debido a que esta exposición es prevenible, es importante el debate sobre este tema de salud pública. Poner más atención a las consecuencias a la salud que derivan de la exposición ambiental implicaría un cambio hacia la aplicación del principio precautorio. No se pueden extraer conclusiones de causalidad a partir de un estudio de tipo ecológico, como el presente.

  5. Incidencia, etiología y epidemiología de la brucelosis en una área rural de la Provincia de LLeida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvarez Jordi Serra

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: Este estudio investiga, de forma prospectiva, la incidencia, la etiología y el perfil epidemiológico de la brucelosis humana en las comarcas del Pallars Jussà y Sobirà (Lleida, durante el período 1995-1998. Métodos: Fueron estudiados 55 pacientes diagnosticados de brucelosis. Se registró información sobre el sexo, edad, municipio de residencia, riesgo ocupacional, contacto con animales y consumo de productos lácticos no higienizados, y se obtuvieron muestras de sangre para hemocultivo. Resultados: Se registraron 10, 14, 15 y 16 casos para los años 1995, 1996, 1997 y 1998 respectivamente, y las tasas medias acumuladas fueron de 52 en el Pallars Jussà y de 129 en el Pallars Sobirà. El número de casos fue cuatro veces superior en hombres (81,8% que en mujeres (18,2% (RR: 4,4; IC95% 2,2-8,7. La incidencia máxima se produjo en los meses de Marzo-Abril y la mínima en los meses de verano. El 71% de los pacientes desarrollaba una actividad profesional de riesgo y hubo un claro predominio del mecanismo de contagio directo (71%. La especie animal más frecuentemente considerada fuente de infección fue la ovina (65%, seguida de la bovina (47% y de la caprina (25%. En el Pallars Jussà hubo predominio ovino (OR: 0,3; IC95% 0,1 - 0,9 y en el Pallars Sobirà de bovino (OR: 6,6; IC95% 1,8 - 26,2. Se aislaron 27 cepas de Brucella sp, correspondiendo todas ellas a la especie melitensis. Conclusiones: La incidencia de la zoonosis en las comarcas estudiadas ha aumentado durante el período 1995-1998. Los resultados del estudio configuran un perfil epidemiológico característico de enfermedad profesional. El agente etiológico ha sido Brucella melitensis con claro predominio de la biovariedad 1.

  6. El estrés académico incidencia del sistema de enseñanza y función moduladora de las variables psicosociales en la salud, el bienestar y el rendimiento de los estudiantes universitarios

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz García, Francisco Javier

    1999-01-01

    La presente Tesis Doctoral se centra en el estrés académico o estrés del estudiante, un problema que, pese a su notable incidencia en la vida cotidiana de un amplio sector de la sociedad, no ha recibido, a nuestro modo de ver, la suficiente atención por p

  7. Incidence and Characterization of the Hypertensive Disorders during Pregnancy Incidencia y caracterización de los trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Pérez Hernández

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: the incidence of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy varies from study to study. Nevertheless, it is generally associated with high maternal morbidity, mostly in cases of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. Objective: to determine the incidence of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy and to characterize patients from a demographic and obstetric point of view. Method: a cross sectional, analytic and observational study was conducted from January 1st to December 31st, 2010, at the “Enrique Cabrera” General Teaching Hospital, including all patients diagnosed with some hypertensive disorder that gave birth at this hospital. The sample consisted on 108 patients. Data were processed using SPSS-11, 5 statistics program with determination of frequencies, percents, averages comparison and Chi square assessment. Results: the incidence of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy at the “Enrique Cabrera” Hospital during the year 2010 was of 4, 2 %, being chronic hypertension (16, 2 x 1000 the most common disorder. Predominating conditions were primiparity in patients with eclampsia (100 %, pre-eclampsia (75 % and transitory hypertension (74, 6 %; cesarean and abruptio placentae in patients with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia and the admission at the intensive care of patients with eclampsia (75 %. Conclusion: although the incidence of serious hypertensive disorders during pregnancy was low, complications and surgical delivery in patients with pre-eclampsia /eclampsia were high.Fundamento: la incidencia de los trastornos hipertensivos en el embarazo varía en los diferentes estudios, pero en general, se asocian a una elevada morbilidad materna, sobre todo en la preeclampsia/eclampsia. Objetivo: determinar la incidencia de los trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo y caracterizar a las pacientes desde el punto de vista demográfico y

  8. Un abordaje comparativo en torno a la incidencia de la tuberculosis en inmigrantes bolivianos de Buenos Aires y São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Goldberg

    Full Text Available Este trabajo expone de manera exploratoria y desde una perspectiva sociosanitaria regional, en clave comparativa, algunas dimensiones de análisis en torno a la incidencia de la tuberculosis en inmigrantes bolivianos de las ciudades de Buenos Aires y São Paulo. En ambos casos, se trata de un padecimiento ligado a sus modos de vida y de trabajo precarios en talleres textiles clandestinos. Sumado a lo anterior, la falta de documentación en regla, las dificultades de acceso a la atención sanitaria pública y el sufrimiento social experimentado, potencian la situación de vulnerabilidad social de estas personas; aumentando los riesgos de infectarse y desarrollar la enfermedad.

  9. CYP1A1, CYP2E1 Y RIESGO A CÁNCER GÁSTRICO EN UNA POBLACIÓN COLOMBIANA DE ALTA INCIDENCIA

    OpenAIRE

    EDUARDO CASTAÑO-MOLINA; MARIO SANTACOLOMA; LÁZARO ARANGO; MAURICIO CAMARGO

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo fue probar la hipótesis de que en casos y controles, de una población colombiana con alta incidencia de cáncer gástrico, muestran diferencias significativas entre las frecuencias de los polimorfismos genéticos CYP1A1*2A y CYP2E1*5A; y a la vez probar si hay diferencias entre el hábito del tabaquismo, el consumo de alcohol y el estrato socioeconómico; así como también sus posibles interacciones. Durante dos años consecutivos se diagnosticaron y confirmaron 87 casos nuevos de pacien...

  10. Incidencia de la tecnología en la logística situación actual: sector alimentación (PACKAGING)

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo tiene como fin mostrar la Incidencia de la tecnología en la Logística situación actual: sector alimentación (packaging). A partir del siglo XX las tecnología ha jugado un papel determinante en el desarrollo de la Logística, ambas han ido de la mano a través de los años, pero es en las últimas tres décadas donde más se puede apreciar los aportes, tales como: la automatización de almacenes, código de barras para seguir la trazabilidad, Tics, entre otros, los cuales han reduc...

  11. Incidencia y tipo de efectos adversos durante el procedimiento de hemodiálisis Incidence and type of adverse effects during the haemodialysis procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estela María Matarán Robles

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La seguridad del paciente constituye hoy día una prioridad para las principales organizaciones de salud como la Organización Mundial de la Salud, organismos internacionales como la Unión Europea, el Consejo de Europa, autoridades sanitarias, sociedades profesionales y organizaciones de pacientes. Objetivo: Describir las incidencias y tipos de efectos adversos derivados de la hemodiálisis en una unidad de nefrología. Metodología: Diseño: Estudio transversal en una unidad de hemodiálisis de 28 camas. Variables: como variable dependiente se consideró la presencia de efectos adversos y tipología, para ello se utilizó la Clasificación Internacional para la Seguridad del Paciente. Análisis estadísticos: se realizó una descripción de la muestra, para ello se utilizaron tanto los gráficos (histogramas, diagramas de barras y dispersión como los porcentajes, medias, desviaciones típicas, medianas, etc. Resultados: Durante el periodo a estudio se practicaron un total de 4.797 procedimientos de hemodiálisis, en un total de 681 sesiones produjeron efectos adversos, lo que supone una tasa de incidencia de 141,96 cada 1.000 diálisis. En cuanto a la gravedad el 97,5% de los efectos adversos fueron clasificados como leves, frente al 1,8% y 0,7% que fueron considerados como moderados y graves respectivamente. Conclusiones: Nuestra tasa de incidencia y gravedad de los efectos adversos es similar a la de otros centros. Este estudio nos permite identificar los problemas de seguridad en nuestra Unidad y en una segunda fase realizar un protocolo conjunto, que nos permita disminuir la tasa de incidencia actualmente existente. La hipotensión fue el efecto adverso más frecuente.Introdution: Nowadays patient safety is a priority for the main health organizations such as the World Health Organization, international bodies such as the European Union, the Council of Europe, healthcare authorities, professional associations and patient

  12. Revisión sistemática de las características e incidencia del pádel en España

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Villena-Serrano; Rosario Castro-López; Amador Lara-Sánchez; Javier Cachón-Zagalaz

    2016-01-01

    Por la importancia social del pádel en España, una revisión sistemática de la literatura que recoge sus características y evolución reforzará su conocimiento y sentará las bases teóricas de un deporte en plena expansión. El objetivo de este trabajo es explorar los orígenes, desarrollo, características e incidencia social del pádel. Para ello se han revisado las bases de datos: Web of Science (colección principal), SportDiscus, Scopus, Dialnet, Google Académico y TESEO del MECD, utilizando las...

  13. Incidencia de un ambiente de aprendizaje blended, en la transformación de competencias matemáticas en estudiantes universitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andres Chiappe

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo describe una investigación que da cuenta de la incidencia de un Ambiente Virtual de Aprendizaje (AVA en el fortalecimiento de algunas competencias matemáticas en estudiantes universitarios. La investigación permitió contrastar el estado de desarrollo de varias competencias matemáticas en estudiantes universitarios de primer semestre, antes y durante una experiencia de interacción en un Ambiente Virtual de Aprendizaje, como complemento de un curso presencial de Geometría. Los resultados obtenidos en la investigación permitieron identificar algunas transformaciones en los estudiantes, sobre todo en su capacidad de identificar, plantear y resolver problemas, en sus habilidades para comunicarse de manera oral y escrita y en su capacidad de aplicación de los conocimientos matemáticos al campo de la Ingeniería Civil.

  14. Incidencia de potyvirus y caracterización molecular de PVY en regiones productoras de papa (Solanum tuberosum L. de Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Miguel Cotes

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Incidence of potyvirus and molecular characterization of PVY in potato (Solanum tuberosum L. growing regions of ColombiaTítulo corto: Incidencia de potyvirus en cultivos de papa de Colombia ResumenLos problemas virales reducen los rendimientos y la calidad del tubérculo semilla en cultivos de papa de todo el mundo. Esta investigación se planteó con el fin de evaluar los niveles de incidencia de potyvirus en diez de las principales regiones cultivadoras de papa de los departamentos de Antioquia, Boyacá, Cundinamarca y Nariño (Colombia, y las características genotípicas del virus Y de la papa (Potato virus Y, PVY, seleccionado por ser el potyvirus más limitante de este cultivo. Para la evaluación de la incidencia se utilizaron pruebas de Elisa con anticuerpos que reconocen epítopes comunes a los potyvirus, mientras que las pruebas moleculares incluyeron el análisis filogenético de secuencias parciales del gen de la cápside viral de 33 aislamientos, así como la secuenciación de una porción de los extremos 5´ y 3´del genoma de dos cepas colombianas de este virus. Los resultados confirmaron la presencia de potyvirus en los cultivos de los cuatro departamentos evaluados, con una incidencia promedio del 72%, siendo este nivel superior al 56% en todas las zonas evaluadas. Los análisis moleculares del PVY, permitieron asociar las cepas colombianas estudiadas con las razas PVYN y la variante PVYNTN, esta última responsable de la enfermedad conocida en el mundo como PTNRD (Potato tuber necrotic ringspot disease. Palabras clave: cápside, Elisa, RT-PCR, secuenciación.  AbstractPotato viruses are responsible for significant reductions in seed quality and crop yields around the world. In this study, we evaluate the levels of incidence of potyvirus in ten potato growing regions of Colombia from the provinces of Antioquia, Boyacá, Cundinamarca and Nariño. As PVY is the most limiting potyvirus in potato farming, a molecular

  15. Incidencia de la agroindustria en la distribución espacial de la población: transformaciones en Argentina y México, 1947-2001

    OpenAIRE

    Dolabani, Milagros; Oriolani, Federico Agustín

    2012-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se compararán los cambios en la distribución espacial de la población de Argentina y México, según las transformaciones agrarias entre las décadas de 1940 a 2000 para observar la incidencia de la implementación de la agroindustria en los movimientos poblacionales rural-urbano. La elección de México como unidad de análisis se basa en que fue el primer país en el que se inició el proceso de tecnificación en el agro bajo el nombre de “Revolución Verde” en la segunda posgue...

  16. Incidencia y Distribución de Rhizoctonia solani Kühn, en el cultivo de Vigna unguiculata L. Walp. (fríjol caupí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vilma López-Cruz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo se realizó durante las campañas de siembra 2008-2009 y 2009-2010, en 12 localidades de la provincia de Holguín, en el cultivo de Vigna unguiculata L. Walp (fríjol caupí; con el objetivo de determinar los porcentajes de incidencia y distribución de Rhizoctonia solani Kühn, en cuatro variedades comerciales, 12 localidades y dos campañas de siembra. Los muestreos se llevaron a cabo en campos de 4ha por localidad, en 3 fases fenológicas del cultivo, aplicándose las Metodologías de Señalización y Pronóstico propuestas por el Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones de Sanidad Vegetal (INISAV, 1989. Para evaluar el patógeno se utilizó una escala de daño modificada propuesta por el Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT, Colombia 1987 y las formulas de Townsend y Hauberger (1963. De los resultados obtenidos se infiere que los porcentajes de distribución y los índices de infección comenzaron a ser superiores a partir de los 30-40 días de establecido el cultivo, encontrándose sus mayores valores a los 60 días para todos los casos, las localidades que alcanzaron los mayores valores de incidencia y distribución del patógeno fueron Arroyo Seco, Boca, Cristino Naranjo y la Guanina y de las variedades evaluadas la var. Titán fue la que mostró mayor tolerancia al ataque del patógeno, seguida por la IITA- Precoz, mientras que la INIFAT-93 y la Carita tradicional fueron las más susceptibles

  17. Incidencia, duración y determinantes de la infección por virus de papiloma humano (VPH en una cohorte de mujeres colombianas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Molano

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Ciertos tipos de VPH son los agentes etiológicos de cáncer cervical, lesiones tempranas y ulceras genitales (1-4. Las infecciones por VPH tienen alta prevalencia y se transmiten por contacto sexual (5-6. Los datos publicados sobre incidencia son en mujeres jóvenes pero son escasos los datos en mujeres de mediana edad (7-10. Se sugiere que los VPH de alto riesgo tienen mayor duración que los de bajo riesgo (7-11.

    Para examinar estos aspectos se presentan los datos sobre una cohorte de 2,200 mujeres seguidas desde Noviembre de 1993 a julio del 2001 en Bogotá, sexualmente activas, entre 13-85 años de edad. Se realizó detección y tipificación del VPH mediante PCR estándar GP5+/GP6+ e inmunoensayo enzimático (EIA. Para el cálculo de la incidencia se usaron métodos de persona-tiempo, asumiendo que la infección se presentó en la mitad de periodo entre la última visita negativa a VPH y la siguiente positiva.

    Para este análisis se tomaron 1,610 mujeres después de excluir las infecciones prevalentes. La duración media de seguimiento por paciente fue de 4,1 años (Rango intercuartil RIQ 3.2-5.0, la mediana de seguimiento fue de 7 meses (RIQ 6.0-12.0, más del 65% de las mujeres tenían 4 visitas y la edad media fue de 32,3 años (RIQ 26,5-39,2. La incidencia para infección por VPH fue de 6,2 por 100 personas-año, siendo la incidencia mayor para los tipos de alto riesgo que para los de bajo riesgo.

    Los tipos de mayor incidencia fueron los VPH 16, 58, 31 y 18. La curva de incidencia por edad mostró una forma bimodal, con un pico de incidencia de 15-19 años, que decrece hasta alrededor de los 50 años, cuando presenta un pequeño incremento

  18. Tendencia de la incidencia de los tumores hepáticos en la infancia Incidence trends of hepatic tumors in childhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Mejía-Aranguré

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar la tendencia de la incidencia de los diferentes tumores hepáticos en niños residentes en el Distrito Federal. Material y métodos. Encuesta hospitalaria. Se realizó un análisis de dos bases de datos. La primera tiene registrados todos los casos de tumores hepáticos que se encontraron entre el periodo de l982 a 1991, de hospitales que atienden a niños con cáncer, residentes en la Ciudad de México. La segunda base de datos tiene registrados todos los casos de tumores hepáticos que se encontraron de 1996 a 1999 en el Hospital de Pediatría Centro Médico Nacional (CMN "Siglo XXI" y en el Hospital General del Centro Médico Nacional "La Raza", del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS. Se calcularon las tasas de incidencia anual promedio (TIAP por cada tipo de tumor hepático. Las tasas fueron estandarizadas por el método directo, usando como población de referencia a la mundial estándar menor de l5 años. La tendencia se evaluó con las tasas de incidencia anuales y se calculó la tasa de cambio promedio que emplea la distribución de Poisson. Resultados. Durante el periodo de 1982 a 1991 la TIAP para hepatoblastoma fue el triple en hombres con 0.6 x 10(6. El grupo más afectado fue el de 1 a 4 años.(Para los hepatocarcinomas la TIAP fue de 0.14 para el sexo femenino, siendo el doble que la del sexo masculino. Para el periodo de 1996 a 1999 la TIAP para hepatoblastomas fue de 5.11 en mujeres y de 1.85 en hombres. El grupo de edad con la tasa más alta fue el de mujeres menores de un año. Para hepatocarcinomas la TIAP fue de 0.64 para hombres y de 1.23 en mujeres. El grupo de edad más afectado fue el de hombres de 10 a 14 años. No se observó tendencia significativa al incremento o decremento en la incidencia de hepatoblastomas. Para hepatocarcinomas hubo una tasa de cambio de 10%, pero tampoco fue significativa. Conclusiones. No existe en la Ciudad de México una tendencia en la incidencia de los tumores hep

  19. Bosnia: A Question of Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-05-10

    have crashed upon the Balkan shores.’ The land bears the marks of Greek, Roman, Gothic , Slavic, and Turkish conquest, to name a few. Foreign domination...sought to challenge the cycle of domination by the many empires that have conquered the Balkans. 6 The Turks allowed the Orthodox Church to operate

  20. Incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in Latin America Incidencia y mortalidad de cáncer cervical en América Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvina Arrossi

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Cervical cancer incidence and mortality estimates for 2000 are presented for the 21 Latin American countries, using estimates from the statistical package GLOBOCAN 2000. Additional data on time-trends are also presented, using the WHO mortality database. By the year 2000, some 76 000 cervical cancer and almost 30 000 deaths were estimated for the whole region, which represent 16% and 13% of the world burden, respectively. Thus, Latin American countries are among those with highest incidence rates in the world, together with countries from Sub-Saharan Africa, South and South East Asia. Variation in incidence among countries is large. Very high rates are found in Haiti (ASR 93.9 per 100 000, Nicaragua (ASR 61.1 per 100 000 and Bolivia (ASR 58.1 per 100 000. It seems unlikely that differences in risks in the region can be explained as the result of screening activities. Several descriptive studies carried out to evaluate the screening programmes in Latin America have pointed out problems related to insufficient coverage and frequency of screening. Other related problems include inadequate collection and reading of cytological samplings as well as incomplete follow-up of women after the test. The main challenge for Latin America countries remains on how to organize effective screening programmes, and for this, a real and urgent commitment from public health services and decision-makers in the region is needed.Se presentan estimaciones de la incidencia y de la mortalidad por cáncer cervical para los 21 países latinoamericanos en el año 2000. Se utilizaron el paquete estadístico GLOBOCAN 2000 y las bases de datos de mortalidad de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. En el año 2000, al menos 76 000 casos incidentes de cáncer cervical y 30 000 muertes se estimaron para la Región en general, lo cual representa 16 y 13% del total del mundo, respectivamente. Por lo tanto, los países de América Latina se encuentran en un área geográfica con

  1. Incidencia y patrones de transmisión de rubeola en México Incidence and transmission patterns of rubella in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Díaz-Ortega

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Describir los cambios en los patrones de transmisión de rubeola en México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se analizó la incidencia durante el periodo 1990 a 2005 y se calcularon la tendencia por regresión lineal simple y el corredor endémico por transformación logarítmica de la media geométrica de las tasas de incidencia mensual y recorridos superior e inferior por IC95%. RESULTADOS: La morbilidad mostró una tendencia estable de 1990 a 1998 y descendente de 1999 a 2005 (r=-0.88, r²=0.77, con disminución acumulada de 97.1%. Además, se observaron la atenuación de la variación estacional, la interrupción transitoria de transmisión en 13 estados y el aumento de la proporción de casos en personas de 15 a 44 años y menores de un año, después del inicio de la vacunación antes de los siete años y de la estrategia combinada de inmunización (niños y adultos, respectivamente, con reducción de la incidencia en ambos grupos. CONCLUSIONES: El reforzamiento de la vigilancia y la vacunación sistemática y suplementaria favorecerá la interrupción endémica y la propuesta de su eliminación continental para 2010.OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in the transmission patterns of rubella in Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An analysis of rubella incidence during 1990-2005 was performed to estimate the morbidity trend through a simple linear regression model. Endemic mapping was carried out by logarithmic transformation of the geometric mean of monthly incidence rates and 95% CI to estimate high and low endemic ranges. RESULTS: A stable trend was observed in morbidity during 1990-1998 ,descending during 1999-2005 (r=-0.88, r²=0.77, with a 97.1% cumulative decrease. Attenuation during seasonal variation, temporary interruption of transmission in 13 states and increase in the proportion of cases in 15-44 year-olds as well as in children less than one year of age, have been observed respectively after starting vaccination of children less than

  2. Violencia en parejas jóvenes: primeros datos sobre incidencia de victimización y perpetración en Asturias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Rodríguez Pérez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se presentan los resultados, de carácter descriptivo, del estudio sobre la incidencia y tipología de conductas violentas en parejas jóvenes. Se  recogen datos de 740 alumnos y alumnas de 3º y 4º de E.S.O. y 1º y 2º de bachiller de nueve centros públicos de Asturias. El 43,8% de los participantes son chicos y el 55,9% son chicas. El 80,7% de las chicas y el 80,9% de los chicos ha tenido alguna pareja, bien en el pasado o actualmente.Para la recogida de información se ha elaborado un cuestionario compuesto por 62 ítems que reflejan conductas concretas, representando estas las distintas tipologías de violencia física, psicológica y sexual a través de una escala que indica la frecuencia de cada una de ellas.La mayor incidencia de violencia, tanto ejercida como recibida, corresponde a situaciones de violencia psicológica, seguida de las conductas de agresión física y, por último, aquellas referidas a violencia sexual.Los resultados ponen de manifiesto la necesidad de continuar llevando a cabo trabajos que valoren la magnitud de este fenómeno, el cual tiene unas características concretas en un momento vital tan relevante como es la adolescencia. Es durante este período cuando suelen tener lugar las primeras relaciones de pareja, las cuales, en muchas ocasiones, tienen gran influencia en las vinculaciones que se desarrollarán en el futuro. Se señala, como una de las cuestiones claves, los motivos por los que chicos y chicas ejercen o reciben alguna de las acciones especificadas en el cuestionario, pues de la interpretación y el valor que dan a estas situaciones puede depender cómo las afronten y vivan en el marco de sus relaciones interpersonales.

  3. CYP1A1, CYP2E1 Y RIESGO A CÁNCER GÁSTRICO EN UNA POBLACIÓN COLOMBIANA DE ALTA INCIDENCIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EDUARDO CASTAÑO-MOLINA

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo fue probar la hipótesis de que en casos y controles, de una población colombiana con alta incidencia de cáncer gástrico, muestran diferencias significativas entre las frecuencias de los polimorfismos genéticos CYP1A1*2A y CYP2E1*5A; y a la vez probar si hay diferencias entre el hábito del tabaquismo, el consumo de alcohol y el estrato socioeconómico; así como también sus posibles interacciones. Durante dos años consecutivos se diagnosticaron y confirmaron 87 casos nuevos de pacientes afectados por cáncer gástrico y se colectaron igual número de controles pareados por edad y del mismo grupo poblacional, pertenecientes a la comunidad “paisa” del departamento de Caldas. Se genotipificaron por medio de PCR-RFLPs para los polimorfismos CYP1A1*2A y CYP2E1* 5A. Además, se tuvo en cuenta las variables socioeconómicas y el estilo de vida, con respecto al tabaquismo y al consumo de alcohol. Los resultados encontrados sugieren que los portadores del alelo CYP2E1-c2, asociado con mayor actividad metabólica, tienen mayor riesgo a desarrollar cáncer gástrico (OR=3,6 CI 95% 1,6-8,1/p=0,002. En contraste, la frecuencia del alelo CYP1A1-m2, también asociado con mayor actividad enzimática, mostró similar frecuencia entre los dos grupos. El tabaquismo y el estrato socioeconómico bajo, también mostraron diferencias significativas. En conclusión, se evidencia una interacción significativa entre gen-ambiente, particularmente entre el tabaquismo y los alelos bioactiavantes CYP2E1-c2 y CYP1A1-m2, que pueden alterar la susceptibilidad a cáncer gástrico en esta región Andina del noroeste de Sur América caracterizada por alta incidencia de esta neoplasia.

  4. Incidencia de complicaciones del soporte nutricional en pacientes críticos: estudio multicéntrico Incidence of nutritional support complications in critical patients: multicenter study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. M. Agudelo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: el soporte nutricional (SN genera complicaciones que deben detectarse y tratarse oportunamente. Objetivo: Estimar la incidencia de algunas complicaciones del soporte nutricional en pacientes críticamente enfermos. Material y métodos: estudio multicéntrico, descriptivo, prospectivo en pacientes con SN en unidades de cuidados intensivos. Las variables estudiadas fueron diagnóstico médico, estado nutricional, duración del SN, vía de acceso, tipo de fórmula y diez complicaciones. Resultados: 419 pacientes evaluados, 380 recibieron nutrición enteral (NE y 39 nutricional parenteral (NP. La complicación de mayor incidencia de la NE fue el residuo gástrico alto (24,2%, seguido de la diarrea (14% y el retiro de la sonda (6,6%. El residuo gástrico alto y la diarrea se asociaron con la duración del SN (p Introduction: nutritional support (NS leads complications that must be detected and prompt treated. Objective: to estimate the incidence of some complications of nutritional support in critically ill patients. Materials and methods: a multicenter, descriptive, prospective study in patients with NS in intensive care units. Studied variables included medical diagnosis, nutritional status, length of NS, path, type of formula and ten complications. Results: 419 patients evaluated, 380 received enteral nutrition (EN and 39 parenteral nutrition (PN. The high gastric residue was the most incident complication in the ENS (24.2%, followed by diarrhea (14% and withdrawal tube (6.6%. The high gastric residue and diarrhea were associated with the duration of the NS (p < 0.05. For the PNS the complication most incidents were hypophosphatemia (38.5%, followed by catheter sepsis (15.4%. The duration of the NS was associated with cholestasis, sepsis and hypophosphatemia (p < 0.05. Conclusions: complications of highest incidence were the high gastric residue for EN and hypophosphatemia for the PN; the withdrawal of the tube is a complication

  5. THREATENED FISHES OF THE WORLD: Squalius svallize (HECKEL & KNER, 1858 (CYPRINIDAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikica Šprem

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Neretva chub Squalius svallize is an endemic vulnerable species, strictly protected in Croatia but not protected in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Populations are declining due to environmental degradation, dams, predators and poaching. A detailed study of current population status, biology and ecology of S. svalize is required.

  6. Linking Advertising, Materialism, and Life Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirgy, M. Joseph; Gurel-Atay, Eda; Webb, Dave; Cicic, Muris; Husic, Melika; Ekici, Ahmet; Herrmann, Andreas; Hegazy, Ibrahim; Lee, Dong-Jin; Johar, J. S.

    2012-01-01

    This paper develops theory related to advertising, materialism, and life satisfaction by formally testing explanations related to the antecedents and consequences of materialism. Survey data were collected from seven major cities each in a different country (Australia, Bosnia/Herzegovina, Germany, Egypt, Korea, Turkey, and the USA) using a…

  7. Does Decentralisation Enhance a School's Role of Promoting Social Cohesion? Bosnian School Leaders' Perceptions of School Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komatsu, Taro

    2014-01-01

    This study seeks to understand whether and how decentralised school governance in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) enhances the schools' role of promoting social cohesion. This includes increasing "horizontal" trust among different ethnic groups and "vertical" trust between civilians and public institutes. The study examined…

  8. "It Is Like Putting Fire in the Children's Hands": A Comparative Case Study of Pre-Service Teachers' Knowledge of and Beliefs about Education for Democracy in an Established and Emerging Post-Conflict Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanahan, Brian K.; Phillips, Michele S.

    2014-01-01

    This report documents and compares two cases of pre-service elementary teachers' beliefs about democracy and education for democracy in the USA and Bosnia and Herzegovina along with contextual factors influencing the similarities and differences among these beliefs. Findings suggest that US pre-service elementary teachers have a self-proclaimed…

  9. Serbisk nationalisme på historiens vinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Læssøe, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    and how and why it developed from visions of national coexistence before the death of Tito in 1980 to the first systematic ethnic cleansing in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1992. Especially two historic situations were used extensively in the nationalistic discourse: the Battle of Kosovo in 1389 and the Second...

  10. Balkan Vegetation Database

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vassilev, Kiril; Pedashenko, Hristo; Alexandrova, Alexandra; Tashev, Alexandar; Ganeva, Anna; Gavrilova, Anna; Gradevska, Asya; Assenov, Assen; Vitkova, Antonina; Grigorov, Borislav; Gussev, Chavdar; Filipova, Eva; Aneva, Ina; Knollová, Ilona; Nikolov, Ivaylo; Georgiev, Georgi; Gogushev, Georgi; Tinchev, Georgi; Pachedjieva, Kalina; Koev, Koycho; Lyubenova, Mariyana; Dimitrov, Marius; Apostolova-Stoyanova, Nadezhda; Velev, Nikolay; Zhelev, Petar; Glogov, Plamen; Natcheva, Rayna; Tzonev, Rossen; Boch, Steffen; Hennekens, Stephan M.; Georgiev, Stoyan; Stoyanov, Stoyan; Karakiev, Todor; Kalníková, Veronika; Shivarov, Veselin; Russakova, Veska; Vulchev, Vladimir

    2016-01-01

    The Balkan Vegetation Database (BVD; GIVD ID: EU-00-019; http://www.givd.info/ID/EU-00- 019) is a regional database that consists of phytosociological relevés from different vegetation types from six countries on the Balkan Peninsula (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Kosovo, Montenegro

  11. Show me Yours and I'll Show you Mine : Sharing Borrower Information in a Competitive Credit Market

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Haas, R.T.A.; Bos, J.; Millone, Matteo

    2015-01-01

    We exploit detailed data on approved and rejected small business loans to assess the impact of the introduction of a credit registry in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Our findings are threefold. First, mandatory information sharing tightens lending at the extensive margin as more applications are rejected,

  12. Justice, Accountability and Social Reconstruction: An Interview Study of Bosnian Judges and Prosecutors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlson, Kerstin Bree; Fletcher, Laurel; Weinstein, Harvey

    2000-01-01

    This study of judges and prosecutors in Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter "BiH") is the first report in a multi-year study undertaken by the University of California, Berkeley, Human Rights Center regarding the relationship between justice, accountability and reconstruction in the former...

  13. What can we do to support children who have been through war?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anica Mikuš Kos

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available This article documents reflections on four years of psychosocial support given to young refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina by members ofthe Center for Psychosocial Help to Refugees at the Slovene Foundation, Ljubljana. It suggests that the deleterious psychological impact of waron children is frequently exaggerated.

  14. Larval description of Drusus bosnicus Klapálek 1899 (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae), with distributional, molecular and ecological features

    Science.gov (United States)

    KUČINIĆ, MLADEN; PREVIŠIĆ, ANA; GRAF, WOLFRAM; MIHOCI, IVA; ŠOUFEK, MARIN; STANIĆ-KOŠTROMAN, SVJETLANA; LELO, SUVAD; VITECEK, SIMON; WARINGER, JOHANN

    2016-01-01

    In this study we present morphological, molecular and ecological features of the last instar larvae of Drusus bosnicus with data about distribution of this species in Bosnia and Herzegovina. We also included are the most important diagnostic features enabling separation of larvae of D. bosnicus from larvae of the other European Drusinae and Trichoptera species. PMID:26249056

  15. Prevalence of Tobacco Use among Students Aged 13-15 Years in the South-Eastern Europe Health Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stojiljkovic, Djorde; Haralanova, Maria; Nikogosian, Haik; Petrea, Ionela; Chauvin, James; Warren, Charles W.; Jones, Nathan R.; Asma, Samira

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To examine adolescent tobacco use among members of the South-Eastern Europe (SEE) Health Network using data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). Methods: Nationally representative samples were drawn from students in grades associated with youth aged 13 to 15 in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Former…

  16. Creativity in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaspar, Drazena; Mabic, Mirela

    2015-01-01

    The paper presents results of research related to perception of creativity in higher education made by the authors at the University of Mostar from Bosnia and Herzegovina. This research was based on a survey conducted among teachers and students at the University. The authors developed two types of questionnaires, one for teachers and the other…

  17. Solar heat in former Yugoslavia; Sonnenwaerme fuer Balkanbewohner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frey, Martin

    2011-08-31

    In the former Yugoslavia, solar thermal power is still hardly used as the wars and their after-effects slowed down development. But there are hopeful prospects, e.g. in Bosnia-Herzegovina where training courses for solar fitters were held this year at Tuzla. There is also a technology park at Sarajevo which offers training, qualification and information.

  18. The overview of the status and prospective of internally displaced persons on the territory of the former Yugoslavia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakić Danilo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the overview of the status and the prospective for the future of internally displaced persons in Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Macedonia is done. The Group 484 is an NGO, which have been supporting refugees since 1995 and internally displaced persons from Kosovo since 1999.

  19. Bora and Koshava challenge wind power system manufacturers; Bora und Koshava fordern Anlagenhersteller heraus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winkelmeier, Hans

    2009-03-20

    The European Union supports the still tentative cooperation between the former states of Yugoslavia. In the context of a wind power research project, three unusual sites are investigated in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Serbia. If the investigations are successful, big wind farms will be constructed in these sites. (orig.)

  20. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW): Congressional Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-28

    International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, among others. 2 See...Foreign Relations Committee, July 8, 2002. 20 Letter from Daniel J. Bryan, Assistant Attorney General, U.S. Department of Justice, to Senator Joseph...Arabia Bolivia * Jamaica Senegal * Bosnia & Herzegovina * Japan Serbia* Botswana * Jordan Seychelles Brazil * Kazakhstan * Sierra Leone Brunei Darussalam

  1. World financial crisis as an indicator of a systemic discrimination of migrants: Migrant construction workers in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojić-Mitrović Marta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available World financial crisis can be viewed as bringing about insights into some characteristics of our social, political and economic systems. The case of migrant construction workers from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia working in Slovenia, fired in the name of the financial crisis, undoubtedly calls attention to the existence of systemic discrimination which is based on nationality.

  2. Bosnian and Herzegovinian medical scientists in PubMed database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2013-01-01

    In this paper it is shortly presented PubMed as one of the most important on-line databases of the scientific biomedical literature. Also, the author has analyzed the most cited authors, professors of the medical faculties in Bosnia and Herzegovina, from the published papers in the biomedical journals abstracted and indexed in PubMed.

  3. Dearth of Early Education Experience: A Significant Barrier to Educational and Social Inclusion in the Western Balkans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milovanovic, Suncica Macura; Kokic, Ivana Batarelo; Kristiansen, Selma Džemidžic; Gera, Ibolya; Ikonomi, Estevan; Kafedžic, Lejla; Milic, Tamara; Rexhaj, Xhavit; Spasovski, Ognen; Closs, Alison

    2014-01-01

    The article summarises the socio-political, cultural, economic and educational background to the Western Balkans region and outlines the wider qualitative research study that provided the data on early and pre-school educational opportunities in the seven countries involved; Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo (under United Nations…

  4. SNAGE I SLABOSTI FRANŠIZNOG POSLOVANJA SA OSVRTOM NA BOSNU I HERCEGOVINU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goran Pejaković

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The subject of the research is to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of a franchise business with a particular emphasis on the development of the franchise in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The main goals of this paper are to identify the main obstacles in the development of the franchise in Bosnia and Herzegovina and recommendation of measures to improve this business model to take advantage of its great features. Franchising is a business model that is in most cases based on a win-win relationship between the franchisor and the franchisee. Because of this, franchise is a chance for permanent development of participants in franchising. The paper shows that the franchise is extremely popular and developed way of doing business in developing countries. This is reflected in the growing path of revenues, number of employees, number of franchise locations and participation in the GDP of business entities that apply the franchise mode of operation. Applying scientific methods of synthesis, induction and deduction, determined by numerous causes slow down the development of the franchise concept in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Taking into account the above, we can formulate a hypothesis in the following way: Non-stimulating business environment and inadequate knowledge of the franchise are key reasons for the inadequate development of the franchise business in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  5. 3 ilusat naist PÖFFi kavas / Kaarel Kuurmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuurmaa, Kaarel

    2010-01-01

    14. Pimedate Ööde filmifestival: Euroopa Filmiakadeemia parima naisnäitleja auhinnale kandideerivad Zrinka Cvitešic "Teel" (Bosnia-Herzegovina jt. 2010), Sibel Kekilli "Võõras" (Saksamaa 2010) ja Lotte Verbeek"Ei midagi isiklikku" (Iiri-Holland 2009)

  6. Terminating Peace: Military Flexibility During Bosnian Reconstruction and Stabilization Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    against Bosnian-Serb positions in Republika Srpska (RS) and around Sarajevo in late August, established a reality of territorial control that...Republic of B-H into two “Entities,” the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian and Croat), and the Republika Srpska (Serb) (RS), preserving

  7. The July Crisis: Can You Stop the Great War? Grade 10 Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antilla, Madeline

    On June 28, 1914, while visiting Sarajevo in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian empire, was assassinated. The Austrian government blamed Serbia for harboring terrorists and sent the Serbian government an ultimatum with which that country found it impossible to comply. This set in motion a series of…

  8. Managing Postsocialist Transitions: Politicized Sense Making as a Facilitator of Organizational Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiplic, Dijana

    2011-01-01

    This study explores what organizational strategies are employed to initiate and facilitate organizational change in higher education institutions in the increasingly complex and competitive postsocialist environment of Bosnia-Herzegovina. By studying organizations trapped between their inert socialist-era legacies and desired organizational…

  9. If women are left out of peace talks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorana Mlinarević

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The exclusion of women from the process of making peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina has diminished the prospects for sustainable peace. When will we learn that no peace can be sustainable and just without the active and meaningful participation of women?

  10. Inclusive School Is (Not) Possible--Pupil's Voice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlovic, Slavica

    2016-01-01

    Inclusive education has been the focus of a number of research studies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, most of the research was based on the teachers and to a lesser extent on parents' attitudes towards inclusive education, while pupils' views and voice were mainly neglected. The core of this paper is survey research on primary school pupils'…

  11. To Examine the Need for Creating a Civil Affairs Officer Basic Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    judicial system. Active and Reserve CA Units have also participated in the ongoing NATO peacekeeping operations in Bosnia -Herzegovina and Kosovo...approval of personnel standards and career path and growth data, specifically a promotion pyramid . I? Historically, Civil Affairs has received its officers

  12. Exploring the Future of Security in the Caribbean: a Regional Security Partnership?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-14

    office, along with the research librarians in the Combined Arms Research Library. My father, Lt Col (Ret’d) Nestor Ogilvie served as an invaluable...Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia Herzegovina, Croatia, Finland , Georgia, Ireland, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Montenegro, Russia, Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland

  13. Incidencia y predictores de segundos tumores primarios en el quinquenio posterior al diagnóstico de cáncer de colon-recto emitido en el bienio 2006-2007 en el Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias (HUCA)

    OpenAIRE

    Arketa Ugarte, Itxaso

    2014-01-01

    Es un proyecto que tiene como objetivo determinar la incidencia de segundos tumores primarios en el quinquenio posterior al diagnóstico de un cáncer de colon-recto ocurrido en el bienio 2006-2007 según el Registro Hospitalario de Tumores de Asturias, y establecer qué factores (del paciente, del sistema sanitario y del tumor) predicen la aparición de un segundo tumor primario.

  14. Acceso a la educación en salud y su potencial en la disminución de la incidencia de diarrea infantil en las poblaciones costeras de Yucatán, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Solís

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La educación en salud o pláticas en el ámbito institucional mitiga la incidencia de diarrea infantil. Yucatán es el estado con las mayores tasas de incidencia de diarreas a nivel nacional; el impacto de las pláticas, como parte de un programa de salud, en la incidencia de diarreas ha sido insuficientemente estudiado. Objetivo: Analizar el rol del acceso a las pláticas para prevenir la incidencia de diarreas infantiles. Metodología: Se utilizó el muestreo de encuestas en 151 hogares, se encontró a 187 niños menores de cinco años de edad. El estudio se realizó en tres segmentos muestrales de la zona costera, con diferentes condiciones ambientales: Progreso (puerto urbano concentrado, Celestún (reserva biosfera, turismo, urbanizada y Río Lagartos (turismo, reserva biosfera rural. Se estimó la tasa de prevalencia lápsica de diarrea, los casos fueron las diarreas ocurridas en los 15 días inmediatos previos a la encuesta. Se hizo análisis descriptivos, bivariados, estratificados y la regresión logística binaria. Resultados: Se registró una tasa de prevalencia lápsica de 13.37% (n=25 casos. El análisis logístico multivariado mostró el impacto protector significativo de las pláticas (=-2.105; RM=0.163; y = 0.018 con un efecto que equivale a 6.25 veces menos riesgo de presentar episodios diarreicos. Conclusión: Las pláticas, como política de salud, tienen impacto en la disminución de las diarreas; esto sucede en especial si se llevan a cabo entre los beneficiarios de los programas sociales.

  15. Incidencia del riesgo país en la determinación de la tasa de corte para la evaluación de proyectos de inversión

    OpenAIRE

    Gnecco, Martín Leonardo

    2011-01-01

    Se analizan los factores que inciden en la determinación de la Tasa de Corte a utilizar en la evaluación económico-financiera de proyectos de inversión. Más precisamente, sobre la incidencia que debería dársele -o no- al concepto de "Riesgo País" en la determinación de la mencionada tasa.

  16. Acceso a la educación en salud y su potencial en la disminución de la incidencia de diarrea infantil en las poblaciones costeras de Yucatán, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Solís

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La educación en salud o pláticas en el ámbito institucional mitiga la incidencia de diarrea infantil. Yucatán es el estado con las mayores tasas de incidencia de diarreas a nivel nacional; el impacto de las pláticas, como parte de un programa de salud, en la incidencia de diarreas ha sido insuficientemente estudiado. Objetivo: Analizar el rol del acceso a las pláticas para prevenir la incidencia de diarreas infantiles. Metodología: Se utilizó el muestreo de encuestas en 151 hogares, se encontró a 187 niños menores de cinco años de edad. El estudio se realizó en tres segmentos muestrales de la zona costera, con diferentes condiciones ambientales: Progreso (puerto urbano concentrado, Celestún (reserva biosfera, turismo, urbanizada y Río Lagartos (turismo, reserva biosfera rural. Se estimó la tasa de prevalencia lápsica de diarrea, los casos fueron las diarreas ocurridas en los 15 días inmediatos previos a la encuesta. Se hizo análisis descriptivos, bivariados, estratificados y la regresión logística binaria. Resultados: Se registró una tasa de prevalencia lápsica de 13.37% (n=25 casos. El análisis logístico multivariado mostró el impacto protector significativo de las pláticas (B=-2.105; RM=0.163; y p= 0.018 con un efecto que equivale a 6.25 veces menos riesgo de presentar episodios diarreicos. Conclusión: Las pláticas, como política de salud, tienen impacto en la disminución de las diarreas; esto sucede en especial si se llevan a cabo entre los beneficiarios de los programas sociales.

  17. Factores de riesgo y morbi-mortalidad coronaria a los 28 años de seguimiento de una cohorte con baja incidencia de la enfermedad: el estudio de Manresa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Tomás Abadal

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Estudio de la morbimortalidad coronaria y mortalidad total asociadas a los denominados factores de riesgo coronario de una cohorte industrial de varones seguida durante 28 años. Métodos: Población laboral de 1.059 varones de 30-59 años libres de cardiopatía en el examen inicial (1968, reexaminados cada cinco años hasta 1988 y con el examen final en 1996. Durante el tiempo de seguimiento se obtuvo información del 96,4% del total de participantes. Resultados: Las tasas de incidencia de enfermedad coronaria, mortalidad coronaria y muerte total por 105 (personas-años de observación fueron: 499,80; 235,80 y 925,33, respectivamente. Los niveles elevados de colesterol y el consumo habitual de cigarrillos se asociaron independientemente con la incidencia de cardiopatía coronaria y la mortalidad coronaria ajustado por edad, presión arterial, glucemia e índice de masa corporal. Los niveles elevados de colesterol sérico, glucemia y consumo de cigarrillos se asociaron independientemente con el riesgo de muerte por todas las causas. Conclusiones: En esta población, con incidencia relativamente baja de enfermedad coronaria, el tabaco y el colesterol sérico mantuvieron el valor predictivo independiente, durante los 28 años de seguimiento.

  18. Incidencia de los trastornos mentales en los profesionales de la aeronáutica civil y militar (1983-2014: un estudio descriptivo y consideraciones preventivas sobre la seguridad aérea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Medialdea Cruz

    Full Text Available Introducción: En el presente estudio se muestran los resultados obtenidos de la incidencia de trastornos psiquiátricos registrados en el Centro de Instrucción de Medicina Aeroespacial (Madrid en los últimos 30 años. Material y métodos: Se procedió a la revisión de toda la documentación contenida en las historias clínicas archivadas, con posterior codificación de los datos y de los trastornos según criterios de la Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades Mentales (CIE-10, OMS. Resultados: Los resultados muestran la importante incidencia de respuestas de estrés y de trastornos neuróticos y secundarios a situaciones estresantes, sobre todo los trastornos adaptativos y los trastornos fóbicos, así como la incidencia de otros trastornos psiquiátricos. Conclusiones: Por último, se obtienen las principales conclusiones basadas en la elevada frecuencia de estos trastornos, en el pronóstico de los más frecuentes y su repercusión en la Seguridad Aérea, y que aconsejen los futuros métodos, procedimientos e intervenciones que la mejoren.

  19. La Organización de Estados Americanos y su incidencia democrática post Trujillo en República Dominicana (1961-1965

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario J. Gallego Cosme

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es una reflexión acerca del convulso pe- ríodo comprendido entre el final del régimen del dictador Trujillo y el final de la Guerra Civil en República Domi- nicana. En este recuento de la historia de este pequeño país caribeño, se revisarán las relaciones de su política exterior con sus principales acontecimientos domésticos. En este sentido se prestará especial atención al importan- te papel de la Organización de Estados Americanos y de los Estados Unidos, ambos actores preponderantes con incidencia en el devenir de las siguientes décadas para los dominicanos. AbstractThis paper focuses on a reflection on the turbulent period between the end of Trujillo’s dictatorial regime and the end of the Civil War in Dominican Republic. Through a historical approach of this period of time in this little Caribbean country, issues regarding the Do- minican foreign policies will be reviewed to link them with major events taking place at domestic level. In this respect, special attention will be provided to the import- ant role of the Organization of American States and the United States, both actors with preponderant influence on setting the course for political actions in the following decades in this country’s history. 

  20. Los grupos “desarrollistas” y su incidencia en el espacio urbano de la ciudad de Córdoba, Argentina (1990- 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Capdevielle

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En el marco de la reactivación económica post crisis del 2001, en la ciudad de Córdoba cobró relevancia y centralidad el accionar de los distintos grupos “desarrollistas” que disponen de un poder diferencial sobre el espacio. Desde el enfoque relacional en que nos posicionamos consideramos que la dinámica y las transformaciones socioespaciales de la ciudad Córdoba no pueden ser comprendidas sin tener en cuenta los intereses, sentidos y estrategias desplegadas por estos grupos. Así, a lo largo del presente trabajo buscamos analizar las continuidades y transformaciones de este sector y su incidencia sobre el espacio urbano. Concluimos considerando que estos grupos se convirtieron en uno de los principales artífices de las transformaciones socio-territoriales. Estas redundaron en una aguda intensificación y mercantilización del suelo urbano consolidando un modelo de ciudad excluyente y privativa para importantes segmentos de la población.

  1. Decisiones estratégicas de creación de valor bajo incertidumbre y su incidencia en la competitividad y la valoración empresarial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Ernesto Muñoz Royo

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Este documento estudia tópicos de la literatura teórica de las decisiones estratégicas tomadas por los ejecutivos bajo condiciones de incertidumbre. De igual manera, el nivel competitivo que cada organización alcance y lo sostenga en el corto, mediano y largo plazo; mismo que debería estar relacionado e integrado a la estrategia y por ende en las decisiones bajo incertidumbre. Los resultados económicos y financieros cuantificados a través del flujo de caja libre descontado permitirán valorar la organización y situarla en una determinada posición con respecto a sus similares de su industria; análisis que será abordado desde la investigación experimental económica. Por tanto, el marco teórico del presente artículo servirá de sustento para la aplicación de una futura investigación experimental; una simulación industrial implicará el estudio integral de las diferentes decisiones y estrategias adoptadas bajo incertidumbre, y su incidencia en los indicadores de competitividad y la creación o destrucción de valor empresarial.

  2. Diseno de una Actividad de Aprendizaje Basada en la Argumentacion Dialogica en un curso Virtual de Biotecnologia y su Incidencia en el Desarrollo de Competencias Cientificas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz Benavides, Fedra Lorena

    El proposito de la investigacion fue evaluar la efectividad de una actividad de aprendizaje basado en la argumentacion dialogica en linea y su incidencia en el desarrollo de competencias cientificas. Se fundamenta en la teoria del aprendizaje socio cultural de Vigotsky (1984), los principios del diseno instruccional de la cognicion situada por Hung y Der-Thang (2001) y como estrategia se aplico la argumentacion dialogica utilizando el Modelo Argumentativo de Toulmin MAT (1984). El diseno experimental comparo dos grupos de estudiantes A y B en el curso virtual de Biotecnologia. El grupo A (experimental) desarrollo la discusion a partir de la estrategia disenada para este estudio y el grupo B (control) realizo la discusion desde las actividades tradicionales. El desarrollo de la competencia argumentativa se valoro con el instrumento de evaluacion para argumentacion dialogica en linea propuesta por Clark y Sampson (2008). La evaluacion de las competencias cientificas se realizo a partir de una postprueba. Los datos fueron analizados con pruebas estadisticas no parametricas. Los resultados de la investigacion, indicaron diferencias significativas en el nivel de la competencia argumental en el grupo experimental en comparacion al grupo control. Igualmente se demostro que existe una relacion positiva entre el nivel de desarrollo de la competencia argumentativa y el nivel de desarrollo de las competencias cientificas.

  3. El matrimonio igualitario en Chile: incidencia de la identificación política en la opinión pública

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Carlos Farias Aguilera

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ¿Cuánto explican las variables sociodemográficas, la familia, la religión y la identificación política, el apoyo al matrimonio igualitario en Chile y cuál de ellas es la que tiene mayor incidencia? ¿Cuánto incide la identificación política en el apoyo al matrimonio igualitario, controlado por el efecto del resto de las variables? Realizando un análisis multivariado, se ha comprobado que la edad es el mejor predictor del fenómeno de estudio –a menor edad, mayor apoyo– seguido de la variable evangélico –mayor rechazo–, además de determinar una relación baja –aunque positiva–, entre la identificación política y el apoyo al matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo. También se desecha la importancia de las variables familiares al no ser estadísticamente significativas para el modelo.

  4. Los consorcios o alianzas: sus impactos en la salud de los ecosistemas, el bienestar humano y la incidencia política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackeline Siles C.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available El bienestar de las poblaciones en Centroamérica depende de la capacidad de los ecosistemas para brindarles bienes y servicios. En este contexto, se plantea la hipótesis de crear consorcios locales, conformados por organizaciones que trabajan unidas para conservar e incidir políticamente en el manejo sostenible del ecosistema y mejorar la condición de vida de las personas que los habitan. En el desarrollo de los consorcios no existen demasiadas experiencias; de ahí la importancia de evaluar cuál es el impacto de su accionar. La pregunta por responder es: ¿cómo medir el impacto de los consorcios? En este artículo se analiza como desde los medios de vida y los capitales de la comunidad, se genere una metodología que oriente la valoración de los impactos de los consorcios en la salud de los ecosistemas, el bienestar de las poblaciones y la incidencia política de estos.

  5. El libro electrónico y su incidencia en las bibliotecas universitarias y científicas españolas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez-Arranz, Fernando

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The electronic book is already a valuable resource for the patrons of the academic and research libraries. The change and corresponding evolution of the e-book have an influence on the delimitation of its content and development, which is evident throughout the bibliography on the subject. This article analyses the concept and characteristics of the e-book, as well as the impact it has had and still has on Spanish academic and scientific libraries. In addition to this, the changes that motivate the integration and access to the e-book are explained.

    El libro electrónico es un recurso valioso para los usuarios de las bibliotecas universitarias y científicas. La evolución a la que se halla sujeto influye en la delimitación de su concepto y desarrollo, lo que queda patente a lo largo de la bibliografía al respecto. En este artículo se analizan su concepto y características, así como su incidencia y evolución en las colecciones de las bibliotecas científicas y académicas españolas. Se reflexiona, además, sobre los cambios que motivan la integración y el acceso a libros electrónicos.

  6. Tercer sector y educación en perspectiva histórica: estudio de la incidencia pedagógica de las redes de sociabilidad organizada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pere SOLÁ

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Se aborda la conceptualización de los factores educativos informales que han de servir al historiador social para analizar las relaciones entre Tercer Sector y educación en el marco del estudio de la incidencia pedagógica de las redes de sociabilidad organizada. La constitución de un censo analítico tan exhaustivo como fuera posible de entidades de un ámbito geográfico concreto (demarcación provincial leridana sirve para investigar en qué medida la sociedad civil se ha dotado de redes asociativas a lo largo de los dos últimos siglos y de qué formas la acción difusa de las asociaciones voluntarias ha ejercido una influencia educativa y cívica potenciadora de la sociedad civil y de sus diversos segmentos menos integrados o desfavorecidos. Avanzar —en este caso desde la historia de la educación— en el análisis del trata- miento educativo y didáctico del Tercer Sector contribuye al diseño de un currícu- lum para una formación avanzada de voluntarios del Tercer Sector y de animadores y profesionales en el ámbito no lucrativo y facilita la optimización pedagógica de los procesos del Tercer Sector.

  7. Incidencia de las zonas rurales sobre las posibles tipologías de turismo rural: el caso de Andalucía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Jiménez García

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available España es un país tradicionalmente turístico, destacando Andalucía en este sector. El turismo rural se configura como una tipología turística con fuerte potencial de crecimiento e impacto sobre el desarrollo territorial. No obstante, si este turismo es el que se desarrolla en el espacio rural y en Andalucía conviven tres tipos de zonas rurales, ¿existen tres tipos de turismo rural con incidencia diferente sobre el desarrollo territorial? Para responder a este interrogante, desarrollado en el apartado introductorio, en un segundo epígrafe se analiza la relación entre las zonas rurales andaluzas y su oferta turística, en el tercero se valora la influencia de los tipos de turismo rural andaluz sobre el desarrollo territorial, centrándose, en el cuarto, en zonas rurales que no siguen el patrón identificado y en sus políticas de desarrollo. Finalmente, en base a todo lo anterior, se concluye con una respuesta afirmativa a la cuestión inicial.

  8. Incidencia y evitabilidad de eventos adversos en pacientes hospitalizados en algunas instituciones hospitalarias en Colombia, 2006. Lecciones aprendidas. Investigación cuantitativa y cualitativa

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    Hernando Gaitán Duarte

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Componente cuantitativo
    Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia, clasificación, evitabilidad de factores de riesgo e impacto
    de los Eventos Adversos (EA para establecer su importancia como problema en algunos hospitales
    de Colombia.
    Metodologia: Cohorte prospectiva de pacientes hospitalizados en 4 instituciones generales en
    Colombia. Se incluyeron pacientes hospitalizados al menos durante 12 horas. Se excluyeron: pacientes
    psiquiátricos, presencia del EA antes del ingreso a la hospitalización índice. Con una diferencia estimada
    del 1% (complejidad alta y media, significancia: 0.05%, poder: 80% relación 2:1 se requerían mínimo
    6.600 pacientes Fuente de información: historia clínica.
    Procedimientos Fase 1: traducción y adaptación de formularios. Fase 11: vigilancia activa de eventos
    tecnologias y políticas de tamización. Fase 111: evaluación, por un comité de especialistas de la asociación del EA con la atención suministrada.

    Variables: edad, género y tipo de afiliación al sistema de seguridad social, incidencia acumulada de EA, temporalidad, evitabilidad y discapacidad resultante naturaleza del EA.
    Resultados: Para el análisis de incidencia fueron evaluados 6.688 sujetos durante el periodo de vigilancia. Se detectaron 505 pacientes con eventos de tamización positivos (7.9% IC95%:
    7.3-8.6. Un total de 310 sujetos presentaron al menos un evento adverso; Incidencia acumulada:
    4.6% (IC95%: 4.1 - 5.1 durante la hospitalización.
    De estos se consíderó evitable el evento adverso en 189 sujetos (61%, IC95%: 55- 66%. Ocurrió
    discapacidad permanente en 1.3%. La mortalidad asociada al evento adverso fue de 6.4% (20/310.
    Se incrementó la hospitalización como consecuencia del EA un total de 1 072 días. Los factores de
    riesgo

  9. Uso de modelos epidemiológicos para estimar la incidencia de caries dental y enfermedad periodontal en embarazadas chilenas Use of epidemiological models to estimate the incidence of dental caries and periodontal disease in Chilean pregnant women

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    G Corsini Muñoz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de caries y enfermedad periodontal en embarazadas chilenas mediante un modelo de incidencia, prevalencia y mortalidad (IPM. Material y Método: Se construyó un modelo IPM con la prevalencia estimada en la Encuesta Nacional de Salud del año 2003 y los datos del Estudio de Carga de Enfermedad en Chile en el año 2007. Para efectos de estimar la población de mujeres embarazadas, se utilizó como variable de aproximación, los partos por edad de las mujeres según la información de los nacimientos registrado por el Instituto de Nacional de Estadística (INE. Los datos fueron ingresados en el programa DisMod para determinar las incidencias y comprobar la consistencia interna del modelo. Resultados: La incidencia de caries estimada por el modelo fue de 86.870 nuevos casos y de 7.983 casos incidentes al año para la enfermedad periodontal, en un universo estimado de 230.831 mujeres embarazadas. Conclusión: Los modelos epidemiológicos son una herramienta útil para determinar la epidemiología de cualquier enfermedad, en donde la estimación de la incidencia constituye un problema y estudios de investigación en campo serían muy costoso, de larga duración y/o en donde la problemática ética del estudio sería inaceptable.Objectives: To determine the incidence of caries and periodontal disease in pregnant Chilean women through an incidence, prevalence and mortality model (IPM. Material and Methods: An IPM model was constructed with the prevalence estimated the National Health Survey 2003 and data from the Burden of Disease study in Chile in 2007. The childbirths by age of women, according to the information from the National Statistics Institute, were used to estimate the population of pregnant women. Data were entered into the DisMod program to determine the incidence and check the internal consistency of the model. Results: The estimated incidence of caries by the model was of 86.870 new cases and 7

  10. Hallazgo de la bacteria Helicobacter pylori en agua de consumo humano y su relación con la incidencia de cáncer gástrico en Costa Rica

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    Virginia Montero Campos

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori es una bacteria que se considera, presente en la mitad de la población humana y es un problema de salud pública a escala mundial. Puede evadir la respuesta inmune que provoca y permanecer durante toda la vida en el humano que la hospeda, sin producir enfermedad; sin embargo, bajo condiciones no bien establecidas en algunas personas, esta relación puede cursar provocando diferentes patologías: gastritis, úlceras, linfoma MALT de células B y cáncer gástrico. La infección ocurre mayormente en países en vías de desarrollo y estrechamente relacionado con factores socioeconómicos.Con respecto al origen, las investigaciones de Helicobacter pylori generalmente se han realizado a partir de muestras directas o indirectas de pacientes humanos. Sin embargo, pocos trabajos en el mundo dan cuenta de su hallazgo en agua y menos en agua de consumo de una población.Para la presente investigación se analizó un total de 122 muestras de agua de consumo de la población de 20 cantones escogidos de zonas de alta y baja incidencia de cáncer gástrico de Costa Rica, donde ya es reconocida en el mundo su alta incidencia, según información estadística del Registro Nacional de Tumores. Se logró el cultivo e identificación molecular de Helicobacter pylori en el 40% de las muestras de agua de las zonas de alta incidencia de cáncer gástrico y enel 7% de las muestras de las zonas de baja incidencia.La investigación mostró una comparación estadística que correlaciona la incidencia de cáncer gástrico con factores geomorfológicos y físico químicos de los suelos donde nace el agua de consumo de las poblaciones de ambas zonas.

  11. Relación entre Incidencia y Severidad de la Roya Asiática de la Soya Causada por Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sydow & Sydow Relationship Between Incidence and Severity of Asian Soybean Rust Caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sydow & Sydow

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    Felipe Rafael Garcés Fiallos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se relaciona la incidencia con la severidad de la roya asiática de la soya, donde los valores generados por las ecuaciones pueden ser usados en cualquier estudio de este patosistema, proporcionando una herramienta para evaluar la incidencia como también la severidad. Se generaron gradientes de la enfermedad mediante el uso de fungicidas y momentos de aplicación, de manera preventiva y curativa. El experimento de campo con el cultivar Nidera 5909 RG, fue distribuido en bloques completos al azar. La intensidad de la roya asiática fue medida en los estratos inferior, medio y superior de la planta, a través de diferentes conteos de incidencia (porcentaje y severidad (lesiones cm-2, urédias cm-2 y porcentaje en folíolos. Las regresiones realizadas, presentaron una correlación significativa entre incidencia y severidad a 1% de probabilidad. Con los datos obtenidos, el evaluador puede escoger el método de cuantificación mas razonable o confiable a su criterio para otros trabajos de investigación o aplicar un determinado control de la enfermedad, utilizando las ecuaciones lineales generadas, facilitando el trabajo de cuantificar la roya asiática, bien se busque medir la incidencia (% o el número de lesiones cm-2, urédias cm-2 o severidad (%.Incidence is related to severity of the Asian soybean rust, where values generated by the equations can be used in any study of this pathosystem, providing a tool to evaluate incidence as well severity. Gradients of the disease were generated by means of the use of fungicides and moments of application, in a preventive and curative way. The field experiment with the cultivar Nidera RG 5909, was distributed in a randomized complete block. The intensity of Asian rust layers was measured in the lower, middle and top of the plant, through various counts of incidence (percentage and severity (lesions cm-2, uredinia cm-2 and percentage in leaflets. The regressions showed a significant correlation between

  12. Incidencia de tuberculosis respiratoria en la provincia de León según el sistema de notificación de enfermedades de declaración obligatoria, 1992-1999

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    Martín Vicente

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La tuberculosis continúa constituyendo un importante problema de salud pública. Conocer la incidencia, evolución y distribución de la tuberculosis declarada puede servir para valorar la influencia de las medidas de prevención y control puestas en marcha y apuntar nuevas necesidades. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de los casos declarados de TB pulmonar en la provincia de León, recogidos por año, Áreas de Salud (AS y Zonas Básicas de Salud (ZBS en el periodo comprendido entre los años 1992 a 1999, ambos inclusive. Resultados: Las tasas de incidencia media anual fueron de 40,3; 38,6 y 44,4 por 100.000 habitantes y año (10(5 h/a para la provincia de León (PL, Área de Salud de León (ASL y Área de Salud del Bierzo (ASB respectivamente. El 70% fueron varones y el 30% mujeres. Las tasas específicas por sexo en la provincia de León fueron de 55,5 en los varones y 22,9 por 10(5 en las mujeres. Las tasas específicas por edad y sexo fueron similares para varones y mujeres hasta los 25 años, partir de esa edad la incidencia en los varones fue mucho mayor. La distribución de la TB pulmonar en la provincia de León fue heterogénea siendo más elevada la incidencia en zonas mineras. En el ASL hubo un predominio de casos en las edades más avanzadas de la vida y en el ASB no se encontraron diferencias entre adultos jóvenes y los mayores de 55 años. Conclusiones: La provincia de León padece una incidencia de TB superior a la estimada para España. Sería necesario intensificar los sistemas de vigilancia epidemiológica y de medidas de control como tratamientos directamente observados y estudio sistemático de contactos para conseguir una mayor efectividad en el control de esta enfermedad.

  13. Incidencia y características de la esofagitis eosinofílica (EE en adultos Incidence and characteristics of eosinophilic esophagitis in adults

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    O. Nantes

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available La esofagitis eosinofílica (EE es una enfermedad caracterizada por la infiltración de la mucosa del esófago por eosinófilos, cuya incidencia en adultos parece estar aumentando en los últimos años, de forma similar a lo que ocurre en otras enfermedades de probable etiología inmunoalérgica. Predomina en varones jóvenes y se manifiesta principalmente por disfagia e impactación alimentaria. Su tratamiento se basa en eliminar el alérgeno potencialmente implicado y la administración de corticoides. En el presente trabajo se revisan retrospectivamente los casos de EE diagnosticados en el Hospital de Navarra entre enero de 2002 y agosto de 2008, encontrándose 25 pacientes, lo que supone una incidencia de 2,13 casos/10(5 habitantes/año. Un 72% de nuestros pacientes presentaban disfagia y un 52% historia de impactación del bolo alimentario, encontrándose alteraciones endoscópicas en 23 de los 25 casos. De 24 pacientes estudiados, un 76% manifestaban alergia alimentaria o a neumoalérgenos, lo que apoya el fondo inmunoalérgico de la enfermedad y la necesidad de un estudio alergológico en todos las pacientes con EE. La mayoría de nuestros pacientes (22 de 24 valorados presentaron buena respuesta clínica al tratamiento, que se basó en evitar la exposición al alergeno potencialmente implicado y/o la administración de corticoides (tópicos o sistémicos y/o la administración de inhibidores de la bomba de protones.Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE is a disease characterised by the infiltration of esophageal mucosa by eosinophils, whose incidence in adults seems to have been increasing in recent years, in a way that is similar to what is occurring with other diseases of a probable immunoallergic aetiology. It predominates in young adults and is mainly expressed by dysphagia and esophageal food impactation. Treatment is based on eliminating the allergen that is potentially involved and the administration of corticoids. This article offers a

  14. Carcinomas invasores triples negativosde la glándula mamaria: incidencia y características clínico-patológicas

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    José L Quirós-Alpízar

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Justificación y objetivo: El comportamiento epidemiológico de los tumores malignos del país ha presentado un cambio en los últimos años; el cáncer de mama ha aumentado su incidencia hasta colocarse como el segundo tumor maligno más frecuente en la mujer y el primero en mortalidad. Este tipo de tumor tiene características que se pueden estudiar con las técnicas de inmunohistoquímica, como son la expresión de receptores en las células neoplásicas (estrógenos, progesterona y el HER2 o receptor 2 del factor de crecimiento epidérmico humano. Los carcinomas que no expresan ninguno de estos tres receptores tienen un peor pronóstico. El estudio tiene como objetivos conocer las principales características de este grupo de tumores denominados triples negativos, y determinar su relevancia dentro del grupo total del carcinoma de mama. Materiales y métodos: Se recolectaron los casos diagnosticados de cáncer de mama en mujeres, en el periodo comprendido entre el 1 de enero y el 31 de diciembre de 2006, en el Hospital San Juan de Dios, en el Servicio de Patología, que dispusieran de estudios inmunohistoquímicos. Se consideró la información acerca de la edad de las pacientes, así como el tipo histológico y grado de diferenciación de cada uno de los tumores. Se separó el grupo correspondiente a los tumores triple negativo y se realizaron los análisis estadísticos por medio del programa Epi Info 3.3.4. Resultados: De una población de 221 pacientes diagnosticadas con cáncer de mama en el periodo mencionado, se presentaron 40 pacientes con cáncer de mama triple negativo, resultando en una incidencia de un 18% (I.C. 95%, 12,79 - 23,40 y una edad promedio de 54 años (I.C. 95%, 50 - 59, con una mediana de 52 y una moda de 48. El cáncer de mama triple negativo tuvo una relación mayor con el tipo histológico ductal infiltrante, con un 67,5% (I.C. 95%, 51,7383,26; seguido por el lobulillar infiltrante, con un 12,5% (I.C.95%, 4,18 - 26

  15. Incidencia de las demencias en hemodiálisis: Apoyo al cuidador principal Incidence of dementia in haemodialysis: Support for the main carer

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    Mª Ángeles Sánchez Lamolda

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Las demencias, aparecen cada día con más frecuencia en pacientes con tratamiento de hemodiálisis; la edad de entrada al tratamiento dialítico ha aumentado en los últimos años, influenciada por el aumento de la esperanza de vida. El deterioro en el estilo de vida del paciente afecta tanto a familiares como cuidadores, presentándose una situación compleja y difícil de manejar. En la actualidad, constituye un serio problema de salud con una repercusión social y económica a gran escala, por la pérdida de independencia del paciente y la carga física y psicológica que sufre la familia. Objetivo: Conocer la incidencia de las demencias y su relación con la edad, sexo, nivel de estudios, patologías asociadas. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo y transversal. Para conocer la incidencia de las demencias utilizamos el cuestionario: (short portable mental status questionarire Pfeiffer. Variables: sexo, edad, nivel de estudios, Convivencia, Hipertensión arterial, Diabetes. Resultados: el 28% de los pacientes presentan demencia, 36% se encuentra entre 75-79 años, afectando considerablemente al sexo femenino. El 58% no han terminado los estudios primarios. Hipertensión arterial no es estadísticamente significativa, Diabetes Mellitus aparece en el 48% de los pacientes que presentan demencia. Conclusión: La edad de los pacientes en hemodiálisis ha aumentado considerablemente, dando lugar a la aparición de las demencias, de ahí la necesidad de establecer las intervenciones de enfermería adecuadas para mejorar la calidad asistencial, ofrecer la información adecuada a familiares y cuidadores sobre las medidas a tener en cuenta en cada situación.Dementia appears with increasing frequency in patients undergoing haemodialysis: the age of starting dialysis treatment has increased in recent years, influenced by the increase in life expectancy. The deterioration in the patient's lifestyle affects both relatives and carers, creating a

  16. Incidencia de caídas en un hospital de nivel 1: factores relacionados Incidence of falls in a University Hospital: factors related

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    Juan Manuel Laguna-Parras

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: las caídas son un riesgo real que acontece en el medio hospitalario, y constituyen un indicador de calidad asistencial. La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS define el término caída como "la consecuencia de cualquier acontecimiento que precipita al individuo hacia el suelo en contra de su voluntad". Objetivo: analizar la incidencia de caídas, el perfil de los pacientes que sufren caídas en el hospital e identificar las posibles causas y efectos de la misma. Metodología: estudio descriptivo sobre las caídas registradas en el Complejo Hospitalario de Jaén durante la estancia hospitalaria. La obtención de datos se hizo directamente por las supervisoras. Se elaboró una hoja de recogida de datos cuyas anotaciones se transmitieron a una base de datos electrónica. Las variables que se recogieron fueron datos de filiación del paciente, fecha y hora de la caída, unidad donde se produce la caída, puntuación escala Morse, caídas previas, circunstancias de la caída, factores relacionados como medicación, trastornos cognitivos, funcionales, factores del entorno, cuidados tras la caída y necesidad de dispositivos de apoyo. Resultados: durante el periodo analizado se notificaron un total de 36 caídas, lo que representa una incidencia del 0,18%. La mayor frecuencia de caídas se ha producido en las unidades de Salud Mental y Cuidados Paliativos. Conclusiones: el estudio de las diferentes variables del registro nos permite afirmar que la mayoría de las caídas que ocurrían en nuestro hospital se producían en pacientes con una edad media de 63 años, no existen diferencias entre sexos, la mayoría tenían un riesgo bajo de caída según la escala Morse, producidas en el turno de tarde, sin caídas previas y que el lugar donde más caídas se produjeron fué en la habitación.Introduction: falls are a real risk that occurs in hospitals; falls are health a care quality indicator. The World Health Organization (WHO defines

  17. Análisis de la incidencia en el espectáculo deportivo del nuevo reglamento de Fútbol sala (2006 en España

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    Javier Cachón Zagalaz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo consiste en el estudio comparativo de los reglamentos de Fútbol Sala (FS aplicados en España antes y después de 2006. Es decir el que se aplicaba sólo en nuestro país y el que se aplica desde 2006 en todo el mundo con las denominadas “reglas FIFA” (Federación Internacional de Fútbol Asociados. Esta investigación, se sitúa en el marco de las ciencias sociales y del paradigma constructivista y está dentro del ámbito de los deportes colectivos de contacto. Por tanto su interés radica en demostrar que los sujetos relacionados con este deporte (espectadores, aficionados, jugadores; técnicos; árbitros; periodistas; directivos; fisioterapeutas opinan que el espectáculo ha dejado de ser tan atractivo como lo era antes de 2006, dando a conocer públicamente los resultados obtenidos. El estudio surge del conocimiento directo por parte del investigador de la influencia negativa que la aplicación de las reglas de saque de banda y córner han tenido para la adaptación de jugadores, entrenadores y árbitros, así como de su incidencia en la pérdida del espectáculo. Para ello se acomete un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en el que se diseña y aplica un cuestionario ad hoc a los sujetos relacionados con el FS de la primera categoría. Dicho cuestionario de respuestas cerradas se completará con otro de respuestas abiertas a modo de entrevista, y en la aplicación de ambos se llevará un Diario de campo que nos permita observar todas las incidencias que puedan acaecer durante el proceso. Se trata de obtener la información objetiva que demuestre nuestro planteamiento inicial sobre la pérdida de espectáculo en este deporte tras la aplicación de las nuevas reglas de juego. El trabajo presenta la siguiente estructura: Resumen y palabras claves en español e inglés, Introducción y esquema de investigación. Marco teórico que contiene el planteamiento de la investigación y la definición del problema, la justificaci

  18. Incidencia de cáncer de mama en mujeres menores de 40 años en el Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga, 2000-2004

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    Claudia Janeth Uribe Pérez, MD

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: El cáncer de mama es una de las patologías más estudiadas por su alta morbilidad y mortalidad. En Colombia es una de las neoplasias más frecuentes, pero se poseen pocos datos sobre su incidencia, principalmente entre las mujeres menores de 40 años. En el Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga se ha desarrollado un sistema devigilancia epidemiológica poblacional a partir del año 2000. Metodología: Durante los años 2000 a 2004 el Registro Poblacional de Cáncer del Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga (RPC-AMB, captó 895 casos de cáncer de glándula mamaria de los cuales 104 casos son de mujeres menores de 40 años. Estos casos fueron analizados, evaluando la incidencia y características tumorales como morfología, estadio y grado. Resultados: El cáncer de mama en la población de mujeres menores de 40 años del Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga, representa el 11.6% de todos los casos de cáncer de esta localización. Su tasacruda anual específica por rango de edad fue de 11.2 eventos por cada 100,000 mujeres entre los 20-40 años y al ajustarse la tasa para este grupo poblacional se encuentran 2.8 casos nuevos por año. Conclusión: Comparado con las cifras encontradas en otros países, la frecuencia de cáncer de mama en mujeres menores de 40 años de edad en el Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga es mayor que en Estados Unidos y Brasil y menor que en México, Malasia, China e Irán. ______________________________________________________________________Background: Breast cancer is one of the most studied pathologies due to its higher morbidity and mortality. In Colombia is one of the most common neoplasms, although few data of its incidence is available mainly among women under 40 years. In Metropolitan Area of Bucaramangaepidemiological population surveillance is being developed since 2000. Methods: During 2000 to 2004 the population based cancer registry in Metropolitan Area of Bucaramanga (RPC–AMB, 895 cases of breast

  19. DETERMINACIÓN DE LA INCIDENCIA DEL TIRO LIBRE EN EL RESULTADO FINAL A TRAVÉS DEL ANÁLISIS ESTADÍSTICO 1

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    D. Cárdenas

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

    RESUMEN

    Las reglas de juego del baloncesto determinan que el objetivo del mismo es conseguir un mayor número de encestes que el equipo rival. La utilización de todos los contenidos técnico-tácticos ya sean individuales como colectivos, van orientados a conseguir dicho objetivo. Dentro de los diferentes tipos de lanzamientos, el de tiros libres es el único que puede ser considerado como tarea cerrada, es decir, desarrollado en unas condiciones estables, a pesar de lo cual, los porcentajes de eficacia obtenidos en competición se alejan de lo ideal. Este estudio pretende analizar la verdadera incidencia del tiro libre sobre el resultado del encuentro como punto de partida para hacer una revisión profunda de la metodología de entrenamiento.
    PALABRAS CLAVE: Baloncesto y Tiro Libre

     

    ABSTRACT

    The basic rules of basketball determine the principal aim of this game, which is to get a bigger score than opposite team. The use of all the individual or collective technical-tactical contents are oriented to achieve this objective. Between the different kind of shots, the only one which can be considered as a close task is the free throw, which means that it is developed in a stable environment. Despite of that the accuracy percentage obtained in real competition are really far away from the ideal results. This work try to analyse the incidence of free throw in the final score of the official games as a start point to revise deepthly about the methodological process of training.
    KEY WORDS: Basketball, Free Throw

  20. Revisión sistemática de las características e incidencia del pádel en España

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    Manuel Villena-Serrano

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Por la importancia social del pádel en España, una revisión sistemática de la literatura que recoge sus características y evolución reforzará su conocimiento y sentará las bases teóricas de un deporte en plena expansión. El objetivo de este trabajo es explorar los orígenes, desarrollo, características e incidencia social del pádel. Para ello se han revisado las bases de datos: Web of Science (colección principal, SportDiscus, Scopus, Dialnet, Google Académico y TESEO del MECD, utilizando las palabras clave: pádel tenis, paddle tennis. Para la revisión se han establecido 7 áreas temáticas: 1. Histórica; 2. Fisiológica, de composición y estructura corporal; 3. Biomecánica, medicina deportiva, lesiones y su prevención; 4. Psicológica; 5. Rendimiento deportivo, aspectos técnicos, tácticos, didácticos y análisis del juego; 6. Sociológica y socioeconómica; 7. Uso de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC. En total, se han analizado 53 referencias específicas de pádel (artículos, libros, tesis y webs. La conclusión principal es que el ámbito más estudiado es el rendimiento deportivo, aspectos técnicos, tácticos, didácticos y análisis del juego.