WorldWideScience

Sample records for bosnia herzegovina incidencias

  1. Assessing Microfinance: The Bosnia and Herzegovina Case

    OpenAIRE

    AnneWelle-Strand; Kristian Kjollesdal; Nick Sitter

    2010-01-01

    Microfinance is often hailed both as a tool for fighting poverty and as a tool for post-conflict reconciliation. This paper explores the use of microfinance in post-civil war Bosnia and Herzegovina, assessing its results in terms of both goals. As it combined high unemployment with a highly educated population in an institutionally open context, Bosnia and Herzegovina provides a crucial test of the effect of microfinance. If unambiguous signs of success cannot be found in a ...

  2. Autochthonous cheeses of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Zlatan Sarić; Sonja Bijeljac

    2003-01-01

    Despite the migration of people towards cities, autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina survived. Technologies of these cheeses are simple and adapted to humble mountain limitations. Geographical occasions and rich mountain pastures created a certain participation of ewe's milk cheeses. Communicative isolation of hilly-mountain regions resulted in "closed" cheese production in small households. Autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina have various origins. Different cheeses are...

  3. Autochthonous cheeses of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatan Sarić

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite the migration of people towards cities, autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina survived. Technologies of these cheeses are simple and adapted to humble mountain limitations. Geographical occasions and rich mountain pastures created a certain participation of ewe's milk cheeses. Communicative isolation of hilly-mountain regions resulted in "closed" cheese production in small households. Autochthonous cheeses in Bosnia and Herzegovina have various origins. Different cheeses are produced in different parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina. There are : Travnički cheese, Masni (fat cheese, Presukača, Sirac, Livanjski cheese, Posni (lean cheese, "Suvi" (dry cheese or "Mješinski" full fat cheese matured in sheepskin bag, fresh sour milk cheese "Kiseli" and dried sour milk cheese "Kiseli", Zajednica, Basa, Kalenderovački cheese and goat's milk cheeses (Hard and White soft goat's milk cheese, "Zarica" and Urda. Besides above-mentioned types of cheese in Bosnia and Herzegovina some other autochthonous dairy products are produced: Kajmak (Cream, Maslo (Rendered butter and Zimsko kiselo mlijeko (Winter sour milk. The specificity in Bosnia and Herzegovina is that autochthonous dairy products are still mainly both produced and consumed in small rural households. Exceptions are Travnički cheese and Kajmak that are significantly sold at market. Only Livanjski cheese is manufactured as industry dairy product.

  4. Learning Festival in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agic, Sejfudin; Glumac, Nijaz; Gozo, Zehra; Hoso, Narcis; Jonic, Damir; Kudumovic, Mensura; Moldovan, Dragana; Muminovic, Aida; Pjevalica, Zeljana; Sadikovic, Azra; Serbic, Miso

    2002-01-01

    During International Adult Learners Week, a learning festival organized by a humanitarian organization celebrated the resilience and learning focus of the people of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Evaluations identified a need for more government support for adult education and the contributions of nongovernmental organizations. (SK)

  5. Bosnia and Herzegovina Financial Sector Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank; International Monetary Fund

    2015-01-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is still dealing with the aftershocks of the global financial crisis that have weakened financial sector asset quality and profitability. System-wide solvency and liquidity indicators appear broadly sound, but significant pockets of vulnerability exist among domestically-owned banks. Banking and insurance oversight have improved since the 2006 financial sector ...

  6. Assessing Microfinance: The Bosnia and Herzegovina Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AnneWelle-Strand

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Microfinance is often hailed both as a tool for fighting poverty and as atool for post-conflict reconciliation. This paper explores the use of microfinancein post-civil war Bosnia and Herzegovina, assessing its resultsin terms of both goals. As it combined high unemployment witha highly educated population in an institutionally open context, Bosniaand Herzegovina provides a crucial test of the effect of microfinance. Ifunambiguous signs of success cannot be found in a case with such favorableconditions, this would raise serious questions about the potentialbenefits of microfinance. The paper draws together evidence froma series of independent reviews of microfinance in Bosnia and Herzegovina,to assess its impact in terms of economic performance, theeconomic system, social welfare and post-conflict integration. Basedon this case study, microfinance appears a better tool for dealing withpoverty than with social integration or institution building.

  7. Territorial cohesion and regional development - case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Osmankovic, Jasmina; Rabija SOMUN

    2010-01-01

    Territorial cohesion and regional development - case of Bosnia and Herzegovina In paper we analyzed territorial cohesion and regional development in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1995 to 2010. In the context this theme we analyzed convergence and disproportional into Bosnia and Herzegovina during the postwar period. We used relevant statistical methods. We focus on demographic data and standard macroeconomic data (gross domestic product, gross domestic product per capita, employment rate, unemp...

  8. Bosnia and Herzegovina : Country Economic Memorandum

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2005-01-01

    This Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) takes stock of economic developments in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) since the end of the 1995 war, and, discusses potential sources of high, sustained growth that BH could exploit, as European Union integration advances. The report formulates policy recommendations that would help maximize the potential of the country's economy to achieve higher real GDP growth, and increased job generation. In doing so, the CEM focuses on four priority policy areas: mac...

  9. Current Economic Situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Goran Mirascic

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article provides an overview of the current economic situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Beginning in the second half of 2008, macroeconomic conditions in B&H began precipitating a decline in economic activity. While the global financial crisis was among the factors contributing to this decline, it was far from the only factor. Problematic macroeconomic conditions were also a result of B&H’s own structural and political problems, caused largely by the shortcomings of a political entity comprising two autonomous entities. Due to such problems, the governments of B&H turned to the International Monetary Fund for assistance. This article analyzes the effects of the first two “stand by” arrangements made between the IMF and B&H and discusses implications for further, ongoing stand by arrangements made between the IMF and B&H. This paper also examines the lack of unified economic space between The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and The Republic of Srpska, which has resulted not only in ineffective monetary policy but also in different fiscal and taxation systems between the two entities. While various existing analyses claim that B&H has little hope of resolving its economic woes due to its current political and economic structure, this article offers solutions and measures that, if successfully implemented, would lead to more efficient recovery and self-sustainable economic growth.

  10. Breastfeeding practice in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Darinka Šumanović-Glamuzina

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the new countries established after the break up of the former Yugoslavia. One of the unfortunate legacies of this country due to the 1992-1994 war is the destruction of human and material resources. Despite many negative events, steady progress can be seen in social, technological and cultural aspects of life. According to the global public health recommendation, infants should be breastfed for the first six months of life to achieve optimal growth, health and development. Therefore, to meet their evolving nutritional requirements, infants should receive nutritionally adequate and safe food, with Breastfeeding (BF extended up to and beyond two years of age. In Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H majority of mothers (estimated at 95% have initiated breastfeeding. However, Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF is not commonly practiced, and BF ceases by the age of five months. After 1995, a number of programs were introduced by WHO and UNICEF in B&H with a primary goal to ensure that babies were given a healthy start in life. Through implementation of Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI, enabling exact public health survey – the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS, it would be possible to create comparable health indicators and make a step forward to promote and support breastfeeding practice as the best option for infants.

  11. REVIEW OF FAUNISTICAL DATA ON ODONATA IN BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Jović, Miloš; Gligorović, Bogić; Stanković, Mihajlo

    2010-01-01

    This paper deals with faunistical data and taxonomic notes on Odonata in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A database containing all available published, previously unpublished, and new data was made in order to create a review of the current knowledge of the country’s Odonata fauna and point out the priorities in future investigations. 57 Odonata species are listed as resident species in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Of that number, exact data on the occurrence of 6 species (Lestes parvidens, L. macrostigma...

  12. A short history of medical informatics in bosnia and herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2014-02-01

    The health informatics profession in Bosnia and Herzegovina has relatively long history. Thirty five years from the introduction of the first automatic manipulation of data, thirty years from the establishment of Society for Medical Informatics BiH, twenty years from the establishment of the Scientific journal "Acta Informatica Medica (Acta Inform Med", indexed in PubMed, PubMed Central Scopus, Embase, etc.), twenty years on from the establishment of the first Cathedra for Medical Informatics on Biomedical Faculties in Bosnia and Herzegovina, ten years on from the introduction of the method of "Distance learning" in medical curriculum. The author of this article is eager to mark the importance of the above mentioned Anniversaries in the development of Health informatics in Bosnia and Herzegovina and have attempted, very briefly, to present the most significant events and persons with essential roles throughout this period.

  13. Phillips and Wage Curves: Empirical Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Edo Omerčević

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is an empirical examination of the existence and characteristics of the Phillips curve and the wage curve in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The findings indicate that there is no evidence of the existence of the short-term Phillips curve. Instead, the data suggests that in the short-term an increase in inflation leads to an increase in unemployment. The estimated wage curves indicate that only increases in real payment increase employment. The conclusion of this study is that increases in inflation might have a negative short-term impact on the level of employment in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  14. Genocide, Nuptiality, and Fertility in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Staveteig, Sarah Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    How does exposure to genocide affect nuptiality and fertility among the surviving population? Genocides in Rwanda and in Bosnia-Herzegovina in the early 1990s caused high levels of population displacement, trauma, and death, along with a dramatic decline in the standard of living. In Rwanda, genocide also reduced the sex ratio of the marriage-aged population, while in Bosnia, despite the high proportion of male casualties, the overall sex ratio of the marriage-age population did not decline s...

  15. INTERNET FINANCIAL REPORTING IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Zaimović Tarik

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Using the Internet as a communication channel between a company and its stakeholders is a norm in today's economy, and the Web-based company reports have long replaced traditional forms of corporate reporting. Most investors base their entire first impression of a company on information available on its Web page, and often, an entire initial performance assessment is based on data available on-line. Internet Financial Reporting (IFR, in its broadest form, has become one of the pivotal factors in effective functioning of capital markets. Building on earlier studies, we analyzed the IFR practices of companies traded on two stock exchanges in Bosnia and Herzegovina by estimating multiple regressions separately for both stock exchanges. Our findings clearly show that voluntary disclosure of reports and other forms of company information for analyzed companies is still simplistic. Furthermore, our estimations revealed that profitability measured by return on equity and market activity represented by share turnover significantly affect the IFR index for companies traded on the Banja Luka Stock Exchange (BLSE; with companies traded on the Sarajevo Stock Exchange (SASE, size measured by total asset, as well as market activity measured by share turnover, have a positive effect on the IFR index. On both stock exchanges, companies from the financial industry have on average higher IFR scores than other companies. With respect to expanding earlier studies, this study used an extended sample for Bosnian and Herzegovinian assessments, and as a result, observed additional factors related to the Internet Financial Reporting practices of companies traded on two stock markets in BiH

  16. Potential Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources for Electicity Generation in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Fajik Begić

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Along with the current processes of restructuring of Energy power system of Bosnia and Herzegovina, liberalisation of the electricity market, and modernisation of the existing power plants, Bosnia and Herzegovina must turn to the utilisation of renewable resources in reasonable dynamics as well. Respecting this policy, the initial evaluation of the potential of renewable energy resources in Bosnia and Herzegovina is performed. The methodology of evaluation of wind energy utilisation is presented in this paper, as well as some other aspects of utilisation of the renewable energy resources in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Implementation of selected projects should improve sustainability of energy power production in Bosnia and Herzegovina, by reducing the total emission of carbon dioxide originated from energy power system of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  17. Territorial cohesion and regional development ‚Äí case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Jasmina Osmankovic; Rabija Somun

    2011-01-01

    Territorial cohesion and regional development ‚Äí case of Bosnia and Herzegovina In paper we analyzed territorial cohesion and regional development in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1995 to 2010. In the context this theme we analyzed convergence and disproportional into Bosnia and Herzegovina during the postwar period. We used relevant statistical methods. We focus on demographic data and standard macroeconomic data (gross domestic product, gross domestic product per capita, employment rate, u...

  18. Building sustainable institutions ? : the results of international administration in Bosnia & Herzegovina and Kosovo: 1995-2008

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Willigen, Niels Johannes Gerard van

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, there have been several large and ambitious international administrations established to govern territories plagued by war and left without effective governments. The international administrations in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia) and in Kosovo were among those established. Althoug

  19. PROLEGOMENA TO INTELLIGENCE STUDIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Maid Pajević

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the development of the academic field of inquiry known as intelligence studies. After noting the historical and global context, the paper observes at the development of intelligence studies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It argues that for intelligence studies discipline to make advancements like those seen in other academic disciplines, it needs to adhere to the scientific method of inquiry, which is, after all, the hallmark of scholarly inquires.

  20. PROLEGOMENA TO INTELLIGENCE STUDIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Maid Pajević

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses the development of the academic field of inquiry known as intelligence studies. After noting the historical and global context, the paper observes at the development of intelligence studies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It argues that for intelligence studies discipline to make advancements like those seen in other academic disciplines, it needs to adhere to the scientific method of inquiry, which is, after all, the hallmark of scholarly inquires.

  1. Characteristics of Travellers from Bosnia and Herzegovina to Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Obradovic, Zarema; Obradovic, Amina

    2013-01-01

    Conflict of interest: none declared. Introduction Travellers from Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) travel to different world countries. The awareness of people is changing every day and nowadays travellers seek advices related to their travel and destination more often than before. In the previous years, travellers came to Travel Clinics almost only to get the vaccines which were obligatory for entry into a country. In B&H travel clinics are a part of public health institutes. The largest Travel ...

  2. A Short History of Medical Informatics in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Masic, Izet

    2014-01-01

    The health informatics profession in Bosnia and Herzegovina has relatively long history. Thirty five years from the introduction of the first automatic manipulation of data, thirty years from the establishment of Society for Medical Informatics BiH, twenty years from the establishment of the Scientific journal “Acta Informatica Medica (Acta Inform Med”, indexed in PubMed, PubMed Central Scopus, Embase, etc.), twenty years on from the establishment of the first Cathedra for Medical Informatics...

  3. Education of medical biochemists in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winterhalter-Jadrić, Mira; Causević, Adlija; Jadrić, Radivoj; Corić, Jozo; Hasić, Sabaheta; Kiseljaković, Emina

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we would like to briefly introduce readers to the situation in the field of laboratory medicine in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a focus on training in the field of medical biochemistry. As in some of neighboring countries, term Medical biochemist is the usual name for the Clinical biochemist or Clinical chemist in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Despite the difficult period through which the profession had passed in the last two decades, laboratory work, particularly clinical biochemistry, has managed to retain the necessary quality and keep pace with the developed world. In post war period, Society of Medical Biochemists of Bosnia and Herzegovina held regular meetings each year as a part of "life long learning" process, where both scientific and vocational lecturers presented their work. A single law on the state level would provide us with more defined and precise answers, such as: who can get a specialization, how long should last the training for medical biochemistry specialists (duration in years). This law should be in consent with the program described in EC4 or other documents given by the EFCC (European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine) and IFCC (International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine). PMID:22141200

  4. DIVIDEND POLICY OF PUBLIC COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ante Dzidic

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides insight in dividend policy of publicly listed companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina and investigates appearance of dividend smoothing behavior. The results show increase in portion of dividend paying companies over time while dividend smoothing phenomenon is virtually non-existent. On the other hand, when companies decide to pay dividends they, on average, distribute high portion of profit to shareholders. The paper also provides discussion about capital market development, investor protection and ownership concentration as potential factors affecting importance of dividend payouts. Research results indicate that insufficiently developed capital market characterized with low investor protection and concentrated ownership structure undermine the importance of dividend smoothing practices.

  5. Characteristics of Patients Involved in Psychotherapy in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Sabina Alispahić

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics of Bosnian and Herzegovinian patients involved in psychotherapeutic treatments in order to explore the current situation of psychotherapy in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: The study included 213 patients (154 women and 47 men undergoing diverse psychotherapeutic treatments. Data about demographic and clinical characteristics were collected by questionnaire. Following characteristics were documented: age, sex, education, employment status, marital status, specific problem that got the client involved in psychotherapy, type of psychotherapy, and use of psychopharmacology.Results: Majority of the patients undergoing psychotherapy are age up to 40 and female. They are by vast majority holding a university degree and are employed. Nearly equal number of patients is living in partnership or marriage compared to single or never been married. Most frequent reasons for getting involved in the psychotherapy treatment are of the intrapersonal nature (depression, anxiety and panic attacks. Majority of the patients were involved in gestalt and cognitive behavioral psychotherapy, and at the same time majority of those were not prescribed medicaments.Conclusions: We point out and overview some of the most prominent socio-demographic traits of patients undergoing psychotherapy, the ones that could be important in the future research with the higher degree of control. In the terms of personal initiative, psychotherapy stops being a taboo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, there is still a long path until it reaches integration in daily life of the people.

  6. Analysis of Cystic Fibrosis in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selimovic, Amina; Mujicic, Ermina; Milisic, Selma; Mesihovic-Dinarevic, Senka; Dzinovic, Amra; Cengic, Selma; Bakalovic, Ganimeta; Moro, Mahir; Djozic, Meliha; Lukic-Bilela, Lada

    2015-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study is to present the first total number of tested children in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the number of children with positive sweat test. During the study we determined the number of ill children, the median age of children with cystic fibrosis, date of initial diagnosis, an average amount of chloride in the sweat. Material and methods: The study was a retrospective, conducted at the Department of Pulmonology Pediatric Clinic of University Clinical Center of Sarajevo. Results: In the period from March 2003 to December 2014, we have tested 625 children. 351 child were from Sarajevo Canton and 272 children from other cantons. Female children were more affected then male children, in the ratio of 1: 1,105. An average age of female children was 4.19±4.26 years, and the male 2.15±3.11 years. The median concentration of chloride in the sweat measured by sweat test was for male children 103.05±21.29 mmol/L, and for the female children 96.05±28.85 mmol/L. Conclusion: Most of children in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina have ∆F508 gene mutation. In the post-war period we started to use a sweat test. Male children tend to live longer than female children with CF. PMID:26543305

  7. Sustainable tourism chance for development Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Lugonja Aleksandar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina is reach in many resources such as geographical position, climate, nature. Neither its government nor its people realize the huge potential and possible benefits that tourism can bring about helping them to prosper economically. Tourism is playing more and more important role in national and local economies. There is no evidence that this trend will decline. Visitors can significantly contribute to the local and national economy and the economic multiplier effect of this spend, in turn, supports employment and secondary tourist facilities. Similarly, in the determination of future proposals that could impact on the setting, character and appearance of its potentials, special care is needed by planners and promoters to assess its potential. The key to the sustainable approach to tourism and the cultural heritage is the preparation of appropriate master plan that takes into account the identified overall effects in order to guide the course of development in a way that protects those very resources that attract visitors and that does not cause in the short, medium and long term any reduction in their character or appearance. In the present tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina is at a low level of development and international competitiveness, but according to projections UNWTO, and in accordance with the "Vision for Tourism to 2020 years", should that become a strategic economic sector in the coming period which will contribute to economic prosperity, economic growth and development of national economy.

  8. POSITION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA ON THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET

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    Dijana Grahovac

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Intensification of internationaltrade forced states to address the foreign policyissues in the field of international economiccooperation. In contemporary world economy andimpacts of globalization, trade should be the engineof economic development. The national economy islosing, in exchange for a higher standard. This is,of course, in planetary terms, and every state andeconomy is to fight for its position in theinternational market. How to use the modern trendsof the global economy for the economicdevelopment of Bosnia and Herzegovina? Successis possible only by a combination of opportunitiesoffered by global markets, and strategy of nationaleconomic policy for achieving macroeconomicstability by strengthening the factors of economicgrowth based on the growth of production forexport. Issues related to foreign trade deficitrequire creating an institutional environment fordiversified and competitive export sector, throughthe process of the structural reforms and marketliberalization. The authorities in Bosnia andHerzegovina must act through foreign trade andmacroeconomic policies in the country towardseconomic growth, price stability, to reduce thetrade deficit and revive the economy, whosesubjects will be able to know and equallyparticipate in market competition within the EU.Within the foreign policy great emphasis should beplaced on avoiding or at least mitigating thenegative effects of trade liberalization process, aswell as the compulsory process. Liberalizationincreases the gap between the rich and the poor,and certainly it can be transmitted on a globallevel, where there is always a possibility that theglobal open trade marginalizes each state.

  9. Enhancing entrepreneurship development in Bosnia and Herzegovina through adequate governmental financial support

    OpenAIRE

    Umihanić, Bahrija; Đonlagić, Sabina; Piplica, Damir

    2016-01-01

    Entrepreneurship and SME sector is extremely important for general economic development in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In order to enhance further development of the SME sector adequate sources of financing for businesses need to be available and accessible. Entrepreneurs and owners of small and medium businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina are facing certain challenges in obtaining finances. The issue of accessing sources of finance for SMEs in this country has remained problematic for years. Many...

  10. Segregated Education and Texts: a Challenge to Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Torsti, Pilvi

    2009-01-01

    The article addresses the post-war education with special emphasis on history education in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the twelve years before 2007. The focus is on the efforts of the international community. While there have been numerous attempts to address the segregation of education and to change hatred-spreading history textbooks, the results have been modest. The inconvenient truth of post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina remains: segregation in educa...

  11. Strategic Marketing Management of Ski-Resorts in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Competitive Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Nedzma Begic; Teoman Duman

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze competitive positions of five ski resorts in Bosnia and Herzegovina using Porter’s generic competitive strategies. Bosnia and Herzegovina is rich with winter tourism opportunities and as a developing country it offers different customer groups more services in time. Managements of ski resorts in the country are looking for ways to strategically position their services to appeal more suitable customer bases. The results of qualitative analysis show that ...

  12. COMPETITIVENESS OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA – COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

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    Jelena Mićić

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Competitiveness or market competition is the basic regulatory mechanism of the market. Today, some economic theorists propose that the competitiveness actually measures the wealth of a society in another way, so it is very important that it contributes to innovation, improvement of the business and overall economic growth. Bosnia and Herzegovina is located close to the very bottom of the European countries according to the competitiveness of its economy. Occasionally it is possible to notice positive changes, but unfortunately they were not strong enough or continuous for achieving economic development or improving living standard. Benchmark analysis of competitiveness deepened the view of the overall movement of the BiH competitiveness and its key factors, as well as the comparison with the selected reference countries. So, the competitiveness of our economy in the period 2007-2015 is the main topic of this paper, with the basic hypothesis that BiH has a positive trend in competitiveness relative to comparable countries in the reporting period. The aim of the research is to determine the conditions, trends and underlying determinants of competitiveness of Bosnia and Herzegovina and state of our competitiveness in relation to comparative economies. Through application of standard scientific methodology, particularly methods of statistical analysis, we came to results that show that BiH economy had significant growth of competitiveness in most observed indicators, with minor variations in the period 2007-2014, while the level of variability in 2015 was so huge that we have been excluded from the Global Competitiveness Report for 2014-2015 year of the World Economic Forum. Although our country generally exhibits the lower performance than the comparative countries it is possible to perceive areas where we have strengths and potentials. The fact that the World Economic Forum, for the first time, has omitted Bosnia and Herzegovina from the Global

  13. Avian chlamydiosis in turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Šatrović E.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Chlamydiosis is a contagious disease of birds, mammals, reptiles and humans. So far it was demonstrated in 469 species of birds and among them, turkeys are the most susceptible domestic poultry species. The disease appears in epizootic form in intensive turkey farming. Since commercial poultry rearing is under-developed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, our investigation was based on extensively reared turkeys. Cloacal and oropharyngeal swabs were taken from 26 birds and infection was proven by common chlamydial LPS antigen detection tests (IDEIA and CW. We have used rRT-PCR technique targeting chlamydial ompA gene region in order to prove Chlamydia species. Five birds, (19.2% were found positive as judged by IDEIA and CW tests. Among them one was positive Cp. psittaci speciesspecific rRT-PCR, ompA gene.

  14. Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Renewable energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-01-15

    The Agency for International Business and Cooperation of the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs (EVD) has contracted Larive Serbia to conduct a market survey about Western Balkan's Renewable Energy market, with attention limited to Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. After the survey has been conducted according to the ToR No 80MVK13 published by EVD, Larive Serbia presents this market study as the summary of the results obtained by the survey. The survey was intended to identify the market of the four sources of renewable energy (wind energy, bio energy, hydro energy and thermal energy) in Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, and derive concrete business opportunities and prospects for Dutch trade and industry. Favorable terms for providing consultancy and engineering services, as well as production of the equipment used in the renewable energy sector were also to be identified. Specific development potential of each country included in the survey was to be provided as a mean of support to possible future market players originating from the Netherlands. Cross-border projects undertaken among the three countries themselves and with neighboring countries were to be included as well. The methodology used for preparing the study included gathering information from public sources, drafting primary version of the study and hypothesis, conducting in-depth interviews, and drafting the final version of the study and supporting hypothesis. As defined in the ToR of the study, first generation bio-fuels have not been included in the scope. In order to present situation in the RES sector objectively, investments based on these were mentioned. The statistical data were used to support and clarify the written information provided. Comparable and reliable data on the renewable energy sources for Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina are rather scarce, while methodologies applied in national statistics are not in line with EUROSTAT. Additionally, international

  15. Is Prevention of Glaucoma Possible in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terzic, Svjetlana; Jusufovic, Vahid; Vodencarevic, Amra Nadarevic; Asceric, Mensura; Pilavdzic, Adisa; Halilbasic, Meliha; Terzic, Amar

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the world and represents a significant social and health problem. Early detection of glaucoma enables early initiation of treatment and may delay disease progression. The aim of this work is to determine whether it is possible to detect glaucoma in early stages. Methods: A public awareness campaign was carried out in University Clinic Center (UCC) in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) during 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015 Glaucoma Week, with one-day, free of charge screening of individuals. This screening program was composed of getting brief medical history, slit-lamp examination including intraocular pressure and anterior chamber dept evaluation and non-mydriatic fundus exam with evaluation of the cup/disk ration. Results: A total of 682 individuals were screened, 277 were male and 405 were female. The youngest individual was 8 years old and the oldest individual was 84 years old. The mean age was 57.6 years. Intraocular pressure higher then 21,9 mmHg was found in 83 patients. Conclusion: Glaucoma is a disease that affects visual acuity and gradually leads to blindness. It occurs in all age groups in both sexes and in all races. Early detection of disease and proper treatment can prevent permanent loss of vision. Detection and early treatment of glaucoma must become one of the leading public health programs in B&H. PMID:27147791

  16. Occupational exposure doses in interventional procedures in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Monitoring of occupationally exposed workers in Bosnia and Herzegovina started in 1960's and it was interrupted in 1992. Dosimetry service resumed in 1999 when the International Atomic Energy Agency provided Radiation Protection Centre with Harshaw 4500 Thermoluminescence dosemeter (TLD)-reader and the first set of TLDs. The highest doses are received by professionals working in interventional procedures (radiology, cardiology, gastroenterohepatology etc.). Number of these procedures is increasing each year (just in cardiology this increase is 24 % per year). Results from two TLDs are used to estimate effective dose. One is worn under the apron (chest level), and the other above (neck level). Calculation is performed using Niklason's methodology. Total number of occupationally exposed persons in interventional radiology is 90. The collective dose they receive is 67 person mSv, while the mean dose is 0.77 mSv (based on 12-month period). Highest doses are received by physicians (3.7 mSv), while radiographers and nurses receive 2.1 and 1.9 mSv respectively. This occurs due to the fact that physicians stand closer to the source (patient). The lead apron is proven to be the most efficient radiation protection equipment, but, also, lead thyroid shield and glasses can significantly lower doses received by professionals. The use of this equipment is highly recommended. (authors)

  17. MIDDLE TRIASSIC AUTOCLASTIC DEPOSITS FROM SOUTHWESTERN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Duje Smirčić

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Middle Triassic volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks have been recognized at several localities near Bosansko Grahovo, in southwestern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the External Dinarides. Peculiar types of autoclastic rocks were investigated. These are peperites and hyaloclastites. Regarding specific structures, mineral composition and micropetrographic characteristics it was possible to further differentiate hyaloclastites into in situ hyaloclastites and slightly resedimented hyaloclastites that represent genetic succession. All rock types occurred in a deep sea troughs that formed as a consequence of Middle Triassic extensional tectonic and rift related wrench faulting. In situ hyaloclastites and slightly resedimented hyaloclastites were formed due to quenching at the contact of lava effusions with sea water. Genesis of peperites is related to lava emplacement in unconsolidated water saturated lime mudstones that were deposited in deep sea basin. All investigated rock types represent first findings of autoclastic deposits in the External Dinarides. Biostratigraphic constraints achieved by means of conodont species Neogondolella excentrica, Paragondolella excelsa, Paragondolella trammeri and Gladigondolella tethydis indicate Late Anisian to Early Ladinian interval of the autoclastic deposits from Bosansko Grahovo.

  18. Patients perception of community pharmacist in bosnia and herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catic, Tarik; Jusufovic, Fatima Insanic; Tabakovic, Vedad

    2013-01-01

    Community pharmacists play a significant role in patient/disease management and perception by patients is increasingly important. A self-administered questionnaire was developed consisted of sociodemographic part and 15 questions. Patients have a positive overall perception of community pharmacists that is comparable to most studies in Europe. Community pharmacists' beyond dispensing drugs play a significant role in patient and disease management. This role of the pharmacist is performed through pharmaceutical care. Patient's opinion is increasingly considered to be a useful component in the determination of care outcomes and consumer satisfaction is an integral component of the quality of primary health care. For the purpose of this study we developed self-administered questionnaire consisted of sociodemographic part, and 15 questions. Survey has been conducted in 10 pharmacies. Results are presented in tables and figures and descriptive statistics has been used. We found that patients in Bosnia and Herzegovina have a positive overall perception of community pharmacists and of the services offered from community pharmacies that is comparable to most studies in Europe, but there is still room for improvement of relationships and pharmaceutical services. PMID:24167438

  19. PERSPECTIVES OF BASEL III: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Emira Kozarević

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The latest Basel Accord, which relies on the New Capital Accord (i.e. Basel II and whose basic goals have been, from a normative standpoint, enhancing the banking sector’s ability to absorb the losses arising from economic distresses like the global financial crisis (2007-2009, improving risk management and governance, and strengthening the bank's transparency and disclosures, operationally emphasises the need to improve the quality and quantity of capital components, liquidity standards, and leverage ratio. The implementation of the Accord in developed economies started at the beginning of 2013 and the overall transition period from the Basel II framework should end by the year 2019. But as far as emerging economies are concerned, there are several issues on the road of implementation, such as necessary (technical skills and expertise of bank staff as well as their supervisory institutions, sophisticated internal rating mechanisms and capacity, significant amount of new information and recordkeeping, etc. This paper discusses real and potential effects of Basel III in both developed and emerging economies. A special emphasis is given to the banking sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina

  20. APLICATION OF GRAVITY MODEL FOR ANALYSIS OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA EXPORT

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    Vladan Nastić

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available During the last two decades, the gravity model has become very popular in analysis of bilateral trade, regardless of the real limitations of econometrics methods in estimation of model parameters. In this research we analyzed Bosnia and Herzegovina export in period from 2002 to 2011, using gravity model of trade. Gravity model is constructed on the basis of experience from previous empirical and theoretical research, and on the basis of achieved exports results of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The resulting gravity model of exports is used as the basis for the analysis of potential export growth opportunities and identifying potential markets which are not fully utilized. At the same time we got information about the risk of a possible reduction of exports in some countries. Research results should be used as the basis for the adjustment measures of foreign trade policy of Bosnia and Herzegovina in order to use the potential export indicated by this analysis.

  1. Most recent investigation of peopling of Bosnia and Herzegovina: DNA approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damir Marjanović

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Many historical episodes marked Bosnia and Herzegovina as a significant ethnic crossroads, which makes it a very interesting site for various population studies. The first stages of these complex investigations were based on observations of numerous phenotype markers. The following phase, which was relatively brief, was dominated by the use of different cytogenetic markers. Finally, at the beginning of this century, the molecular-genetic diversity of the BiH population became the focus of modern research. Autosomal and Y-STR markers, together with mitochondrial haplogroup (Hg diversity were initially used in the examination of isolated groups, as well as the whole population of modern Bosnia and Herzegovina. The most recent study describes the distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroups in the three main ethnic groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and suggests a preliminary hypothesis for the process of peopling this area.

  2. War waste and pollution of karstic area of Bosnia and Herzegovina with PCBs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Picer, N.; Hodak-Kobasic, V.; Kovac, T.; Calic, V. [Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb (Croatia); Miosic, N.; Hrvatovic, H. [Geological Survey, Sarajevo (Yugoslavia)

    2004-09-15

    During the recent war, the karst area of Bosnia and Herzegovina has been jeopardized by hazardous waste and deserves particular attention because of its exceptional ecological sensitivity and unfortunately unscrupulous destruction of natural resources, infrastructure, homes and enterprises. This was the reason for creation and planning of a joint three year Project - APOPSBAL, within which scientists from the jeopardized countries (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia and Montenegro) with the help of scientists from other friendly countries (Czech Republic, Austria, Slovenia and Greece) would identify the real problems concerning the PCB and other POP's contamination of the environment. Objectives of this Project in Bosnia and Herzegovina are: To collect data about damaged facilities with oil with PCBs and also other even more dangerous POPs in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Much better determining the hydrogeological fate of PCBs and other POPs compounds in the most threatened areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina polluted with the POPs. Special emphasis will be paid for the sensitive karstic media of these areas. To recognize in the field directly the technical state of electrotransformers and capacitors with pyralene with special attention to spilling of this oil into the environment. To sample soil and sediments from the sites thought polluted with PCBs and to analyse themselves on its content. To choose several sites for atmospheric monitoring samples with POPs, which are in surroundings to the ground argumentative contaminated with POPs in Bosnia and Herzegovina to establish real data about level of contamination of this very important part of human ecosphere. In this paper it will be reported the results of investigation from the first to the fourth objectives.

  3. Perceptions towards IT Security in Online Banking: Croatian Clients vs. Clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nedim Makarevic

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study has been completed with a purpose to analyze and compare perceptions of clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina and those of Croatian clients about IT security in online banking, to provide insight into similarities and differences of their view points and to create important set of information for all subjects active in banking industry. Once the survey based on six variables and specific questions assigned to each one of those variables was prepared, results regarding both countries were collected and concluded. Survey was completed in both Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia at high response rates. Even 207 respondents replied from Bosnia and Herzegovina, while 203 respondents completed survey from Croatia. Results were analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics. Results indicated that Croatian e-banking users trust to banks when it comes to IT security of online banking much more compared to clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is important to mention that clients of Croatia perceive tangible features as highly significant while Bosnian clients do not perceive tangible features that much important. This proved that Croatian clients are aware of potential security threats and they know their part of responsibility when it comes to handling money online. On the other hand, results from Bosnia and Herzegovina indicated that Bosnian clients have lack of trust in online banking, and lack of awareness about personal tangible aspects that can improve security of personal online banking experience. The main limitation of this study is relatively small sample and too generic approach. Therefore, this study may be perceived as a pilot study for future researchers. The study’s results may be of interest to marketers and managers of banks operating in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia to learn more about their clients’ perceptions towards their e-banking services.

  4. Intergenerational Transmission of Traumatic Experience in the Families of War Survivors from Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Yordanova, K. G.

    2014-01-01

    This thesis examines the transmission of traumatic war experiences from parents to their children in present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina. By interdisciplinary welding of psychoanalysis and anthropology, the thesis demonstrates that the experiences of the Bosnian-Herzegovina war (1992-1995) are recalled incoherently and are unsymbolized by the survivor parents. As such they are transmitted to the second generation as ungraspable fragments. The thesis suggests in detail how this transmission ope...

  5. Forging Habsburg Muslim Girls: Gender, Education and Empire in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1878-1918)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giomi, Fabio

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the entanglement of gender, education and empire in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Habsburg period throughout the analysis of a unique institution: Sarajevo's Muslim Female School. Established at the very end of the nineteenth century, this pedagogical institution was the only school in Austria-Hungary specifically devoted…

  6. Banking Competition and Efficiency: Empirical Analysis on the Bosnia and Herzegovina Using Panzar-Rosse Model

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    Memić Deni

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Competition in the banking industry has been an important topic in the scientific literature as researchers tried to assess the level of competition in the banking sector. Objectives: This paper has an aim to investigate the market structure and a long term equilibrium of the banking market in Bosnia and Herzegovina nationwide as well as on its constitutional entities as well as to evaluate the monopoly power of banks during the years 2008-2012. Methods/Approach: The paper is examining the market structure using the most frequently applied measures of concentration k-bank concentration ratio (CRk and Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI as well as evaluating the monopoly power of banks by employing Panzar-Rosse “H-statistic”. Results: The empirical results using CRk and HHI show that Bosnia and Herzegovina banking market has a moderately concentrated market with a concentration decreasing trend. The Panzar-Rosse “H-statistic” suggests that banks in Bosnia and Herzegovina operate under monopoly or monopolistic competition depending on the market segment. Conclusions: Banks operating on the banking market in Bosnia and Herzegovina seem to be earning their total and interest revenues under monopoly or perfectly collusive oligopoly.

  7. An Evaluation of Micro-Credit Programs in Bosnia and Herzegovina Using Porter’s Diamond Model

    OpenAIRE

    Hamad, Mohammad; Teoman DUMAN

    2013-01-01

    The effective design and delivery of a microcredit program is difficult under any circumstance. Similarly, the task of microcredit institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina that provide financial stability to its most impoverished members is very much complicated. The purpose of this paper is to explore competitive advantages that microcredit industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina has by using Porter's diamond model. The demonstration of the Diamond Model is used to explain the com...

  8. Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Contemporary Process of Balcan (Re)Integration and within European Integration Flows

    OpenAIRE

    Ibreljic, Izet; Kulenovic, Salih

    2001-01-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina, as a smal economic underdeveloped state and conglomerate of nations, cultures and different external influences, exists within South-East Europe, as one of the least stable world regions. As other tranzitional countries, Bosnia and Herzegovina is also trying to find an optimal solution for its social and economic development, having in mind its political, economic and cultural disharmony. The process of economic reintegration, of during the war organized adinistrative-...

  9. Clinging to a barbed wire fence: the language policy of the international community in Bosnia-Herzegovina since 1995

    OpenAIRE

    Askew, Louise

    2011-01-01

    This study takes one aspect of the post-conflict peace-building process in Bosnia- Herzegovina since 1995 - the recognition of three official but mutually comprehensible languages - and examines the way in which the international community's approach to it has impacted on broader peacebuilding goals for the country. The originality of this thesis lies in the fact that it views post-conflict peace-building in Bosnia-Herzegovina through the lens of the language issue. Taking the Dayton Peace Ag...

  10. Impact of new power investments up to year 2020 on the energy system of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Hasovic Zihnija; Cosic Boris; Omerbegovic-Arapovic Adisa; Duic Neven

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates current and planned investments in new power plants in Bosnia and Herzegovina and impact of these investments on the energy sector, CO2 emission and internationally committed targets for electricity from renewable sources up to year 2020. Bosnia and Herzegovina possesses strong renewable energy potential, in particular hydro and biomass. However, the majority of energy production is conducted in outdated power plants and based on fos...

  11. Internet Use among Community-Based Rehabilitation Workers in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Cross-Sectional Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Yeung, Euson; Balogh, Robert; Cole, Donald; Jakovic, Djenana; Michel D Landry

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The Internet may be one way to support and improve rehabilitation practice and service delivery in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Bosnia and Herzegovina. Little information exists on use of the Internet to enhance the practice and professional development of community-based rehabilitation (CBR) workers in LMICs. The purpose of this study was to assess the patterns of and barriers to Internet use by CBR workers in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  12. Strategic Marketing Management of Ski-Resorts in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Competitive Analysis

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    Nedzma Begic

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyze competitive positions of five ski resorts in Bosnia and Herzegovina using Porter’s generic competitive strategies. Bosnia and Herzegovina is rich with winter tourism opportunities and as a developing country it offers different customer groups more services in time. Managements of ski resorts in the country are looking for ways to strategically position their services to appeal more suitable customer bases. The results of qualitative analysis show that each ski resort in the country has its own strengths in regards to cost leadership, differentiation and focus strategies. Wiser strategies in marketing of these winter tourism services will help managements more productive business efforts.

  13. Funding Biodiversity Protection in Central and Eastern Europe A Case Study of Bosnia Herzegovina

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    Mirza DAUTBASIC

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Biodiversity conservation has drawn considerable attention as to where the funding is available in order for governments concerned with the conservation of biodiversity to fulfil their obligations. This paper examines if financing resources provided through Global Environmental Facility (GEF in Bosnia Herzegovina could be supplemented with locally voluntary provided funding to lead to an appropriate protection level of threatened species. A study was conducted on a 1189 persons sample to establish the local population willingness to contribute to GEF sponsored biodiversity conservation projects. It was found that the local people are willing to contribute positively higher than the actual spending of the GEF and findings can be used to argue for more attention to preferences of the public in decision making on biodiversity protection activity and spending in Bosnia Herzegovina.

  14. OPTIMAL LEVEL OF FOREIGN RESERVES – EXAMPLE OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Tijana Šoja

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper points to the conceptual definition of foreign exchange reserves, the role, importance and objectives for holding foreign exchange reserves as well as evaluating the required amount of foreign exchange reserves, or adequacy of foreign exchange reserves. Foreign exchange reserves are important assets in each country and they are significantly affected by monetary policy, exchange rate policy or regulation and external instability and the impact of the crisis that may come from the environment. This paper presents a simple way of estimates of adequacy and optimality of foreign exchange reserves, which are basis for the analysis of foreign exchange reserves, as well as in the construction of statistical and mathematical models that detail the optimal level of international reserves. Special review was paid to the assessment of the adequacy of foreign exchange reserves of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  15. Clients' Perceptions Towards IT Security of e-banking in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nedim Makarević

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Main objective of this research is to examine clients’ perceptions in Bosnia and Herzegovina towards IT security of e-banking, to diagnose problems and try to give proper solutions. Survey was prepared based on six variables and specific questions assigned to each variable. Response rate was good and 207 respondents were surveyed.Overall results suggested a slight agreement in general, and they indicated that when it comes to IT security of online banking, several factors including privacy, control and intangible features are highly important for clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Clients do not perceive tangible features as important as they actually are. Therefore, banks are those who need to give more effort when it comes to implementation of IT security in online banking. They definitely need to find more effective ways to inform and educate clients about IT security of using online service, and in that way create additional value.

  16. Global meets local: International participation in prison reform and restructuring in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Aitchison, Andy

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a case study of international participation in criminal justice reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), taken as an example of a small, peripheral jurisdiction experiencing a number of important social, political and economic transitions. The local context is introduced and is followed with a brief discussion on broader developments in penal policy beyond BiH. This precedes a case study of the work of the Council of Europe, which focuses on the pursuit of adequate conditio...

  17. Urban transition and sustainability. The case of the city of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Aleksandra DJURASOVIC; Joerg KNIELING

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyses the historical trajectory of development processes in the city of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), in order to offer insights into newly-shaping planning systems in South East Europe during the late phase of post-socialist transition. The paper argues that slow development of small transitional cities can suggest new models of sustainable urban development, but societal complexity makes transition more difficult and creates boundaries to a sustainable path development....

  18. Devaluation as the instrument for recession overcoming in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Zeljko Maric

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Devaluation is the instrument of monetary policy which has been used very often during the 20th century. In recent time of globalization, the many limited factors (openness of the economy, capital movements, currency substitution, money illusion significantly reduce or completely make impossible the devaluation implementation as the measure for foreign trade deficit or recession overcoming in many countries. This paper discusses on positive and negative effects of devaluation in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina economy.

  19. Conflict-induced displacement and labour market outcomes: evidence from post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Kondylis, Florence

    2007-01-01

    This study uses a longitudinal data source to study the effects of conflict-induced displacement on labour market outcomes for Bosnians in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina. To account for endogeneity in the displacement status, I exploit the fact that the level of violence in the pre-war residence likely affected the displacement decision for Bosnians and yet is not associated to economic performance. I find evidence of positive selection into displacement, i.e. more 'able' individuals in term...

  20. Citizenship in Media Discourse in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia

    OpenAIRE

    Marko, Davor

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to systematize existing research on media reporting related to various aspects of citizenship, and to contribute with a primary analysis of media content, in order to define how the leading print media in four states (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia) reported on these issues. After establishing the profile of each state, this paper provides a profile of the analysed media, followed by a short summary of how these media reported on selected citi...

  1. Protection Of Minority Shareholders In Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro And Serbia

    OpenAIRE

    Darko Tipuric; Veljko Trivun; Mia Mrgud; Maja Sukleva

    2013-01-01

    Earlier studies indicate that Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia, as well as other countries in transition, are characterized by a relatively high ownership concentration, which points to the presence of conflict of interest between majority and minority shareholders and possibility of abuse of minorities' rights. Accordingly, the paper aims to analyze and compare the legal measures of protection of minority shareholders in these countries, which will allow maki...

  2. Mycoplasmas isolated from the respiratory tract of cattle in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Zinka, Maksimović; Maid, Rifatbegović

    2012-01-01

    This study represents Mycoplasma species isolated from the respiratory tract of cattle in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 2002 and 2010. A total of 328 nasal swabs and 59 lung samples were submitted for isolation of mycoplasmas. Mycoplasmas were isolated from 27 samples (6.9%). M. bovis was recovered from eight nasal swabs and two lungs, while M. bovirhinis (n=4) and Acholeplasma sp. (n=1) were detected only in nasal swabs. Twelve mycoplasma isolates were unidentified (44.4%).

  3. Positions of Food Business Operators in Bosnia and Herzegovina toward HACCP System

    OpenAIRE

    GILIC, Zehra; BLESIC, Milenko

    2014-01-01

    New approach in food safety and hygiene legislation gives the central role to HACCP for all food business operators, with an exception of primary production. Slowly ongoing transposition of the EU food safety legislation into regulatory framework of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) also puts HACCP as an obligatory system for food operators. However, the implementation of HACCP is still on relatively low level, with some misunderstandings. The reasons are commonly found in lack of quality plans fo...

  4. Inclusive education in Bulgaria and Bosnia and Herzegovina: policy and practice

    OpenAIRE

    Tsokova, Diana; Becirevic, Majda

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines developments in inclusive education in Bulgaria (BG) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) in the context of actual and desired accession to the European Union respectively. It seeks to provide insights into the national special education traditions in these countries and aims to establish how these have influenced current developments in inclusive education together with and alongside powerful external change agents. This research focuses on policy makers' perspectives on chan...

  5. The Ecological Aspect of Ethnobotany and Ethnopharmacology of Population in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    S. Redžić, Sulejman

    2007-01-01

    This paper contains first systematical revision of the results on traditional use of wild medicinal and aromatic herbs on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) – west of Balkan Peninsula; Southeast of Europe. There have been detected 227 plants belonging to 71 different plant families, which are being used with ethno therapeutic purpose. Results were obtained by method of open ethno botanical interview which comprised 150 persons, whose average age was 63. Medicinal plants...

  6. Acute Tonsillopharyngitis in a Family Practice in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Budimir, Danijela; Curić, Ivo; Curić, Snježana

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of acute tonsillopharyngitis diagnosis and treatment in the family care physicians in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. All patients diagnosed with acute tonsillopharyngitis in the Center of Family Medicine in Mostar in 2005 and 2006 were included in this study. Data were collected from medical records, including age and sex, month in which they visited their physician, symptoms and signs that they had (McIsaac’s clinical score was calcul...

  7. ODONATA FROM BULGARIA IN THE COLLECTION OF NATIONAL MUSEUM OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Kulijer, Dejan; Marinov, Milen

    2010-01-01

    The entomological collection of the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the oldest Balkan insect collections. Eighty-seven (87) dragonfly specimens from 19 species that originate from Bulgaria were found in this collection. In this paper we present the oldest and till now unknown records of dragonflies from Bulgaria from this collection. Some interesting and new distribution data on several species are also presented and discussed.

  8. From Violence to Mobilization: War, Women, and Political Power in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Berry, Marie E.

    2015-01-01

    How does war impact societies in its aftermath? How does war impact women in particular? At its most fundamental level, war is an accelerated period of social change: it destroys social structures, dismantles institutions, and forces power relations to shift. This dissertation seeks to understand how violence can transform social structures, using the experience of women after violence as a lens through which to do so. Case studies of Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina animate the project. Drawing...

  9. Constitutional Paradox: Ethno-federal Consociationalism and Refugee Return in post-Dayton Bosnia-Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Wise, Laura

    2014-01-01

    In 1995, the peace agreement for the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina became one of the latest examples of consociational theory being utilised as a method of conflict management governance in deeply divided societies. Drawing from the work of Arend Lijphart, the Dayton Peace Accord established the institutional design of the future state, which subscribed to the notion that inter-ethnic co-operation is most likely to occur within an ethno-federal power sharing arrangement. This article examine...

  10. Agricultural Sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Climate Change—Challenges and Opportunities

    OpenAIRE

    Ognjen Zurovec; Pål Olav Vedeld; Bishal Kumar Sitaula

    2015-01-01

    Half of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s (BH) population lives in rural areas. Agricultural production is a backbone of the rural economy and generates significant economic value for the country. BH is highly vulnerable to climate change, which poses a significant development challenge given the climate-sensitivity of the agricultural sector, the share of agriculture in the total economy, the number of people employed in the sector, and the closely related socio-economic issues of food security. BH...

  11. Influence of Supporting Agrarian Policy Measures onto Increase of Cattle Production in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat Ćejvanović

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina has a deficit of most agricultural products, and that is why it is compelled to import significant quantities of food. In order to increase the degree of self sufficiency, particularly for those products that have good potentials for production growth, creators of agrarian policy try to apply different agrarian policy measures for stimulation of agricultural production growth. One production with good potential is cattle production, i.e. production of milk and meat, for which Bosnia and Herzegovina has significant development potentials, and for whose advancement there have been provided different supporting measures. This paper presents the possible application of the cost-benefit analysis in evaluation of efficiency for some supporting agrarian policy measures adopted in order to improve the cattle production in Bosnia and Herzegovina . The cost-benefit analysis was completed for the six year period, taking into account the productive period of bought heifer. The analysis includes economic and financial parameters (inflows and outflows, which annual amounts were discounted to the present values by utilization of the average social discount rate, in order to put all annual amounts at the same trend of calculation and to account for opportunity capital costs as well.

  12. EFFECTS OF CHANGES IN FOREIGN DEBT INDICATORS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Almir Alihodžić

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Foreign trade indicators change in response to the global financial crisis and ultimately have a major impact on fiscal sustainability. Likewise, the increase in the budget deficit and public debt affects the growth of long-term and short-term interest rates, and the overall fiscal stability. The main objective of this paper is to review the impact of the global financial crisis on the tendency of the public debt in Bosnia and Herzegovina and various Western Balkans countries. Specifically, as the Maastricht criteria established a 60% of GDP debt limit, the paper will analyse the given limit, and the interdependence of imports in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the public debt of the general government sector by a simple regression analysis for the period 2008–2012. Thus, the regression model will be used to assess the dependence of the public debt of the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina due to the increase of imports and exports of goods, as well as well as conditionality of export of goods and income.

  13. La herencia religiosa en la Guerra de Bosnia y Herzegovina (1992-1995

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Grujic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the summary of the master’s thesis, which I undertook at the Institute for Peace and Conflicts in Granada for the course “Culture of Peace, Conflicts, Education and Human Rights”. The focus of my master’s thesis is religious conflicts in the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995 and the role of religion in the conflict. The Balkan conflicts are well-known and until now have been quite analysed, but Spanish authors have never analysed the religious component of the conflict. Taking advantage of having in-depth knowledge of Balkan languages, literature about the issue, historical and political circumstances of the Balkan countries, the goal of this research work is to introduce Spanish readers, in a much more in-depth way, to the role that religion played in the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina. I have concluded that the War of Bosnia and Herzegovina had an important religious component and bearing in mind that this kind of peace investigation has never been developed before, this can be considered as an important contribution of this research work.

  14. The Implementation of Police Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Analysing UN and EU Efforts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amelia Padurariu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the role of the main international actors involved in the implementation of police reform in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina, notably that of the UN and the EU. Despite considerable efforts and resources deployed over 17 years, the implementation of police reform remains an ‘unfinished business’ that demonstrates the slow pace of implementing rule of law reforms in Bosnia’s post-conflict setting, yet, in the long-term, remains vital for Bosnia’s stability and post-conflict reconstruction process. Starting with a presentation of the status of the police before and after the conflict, UN reforms (1995–2002 are first discussed in order to set the stage for an analysis of the role of the EU in the implementation of police reform. Here, particular emphasis is placed on the institution-building actions of the EU police mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina deployed on the ground for almost a decade (2003-June 2012. The article concludes with an overall assessment of UN and EU efforts in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina, including the remaining challenges encountered by the EU on the ground, as the current leader to police reform implementation efforts. More generally, the article highlights that for police reform to succeed in the long-term, from 2012-onwards, the EU should pay particular attention to the political level, where most of the stumbling blocks for the implementation of police reform lie.

  15. INTRAPRENEURSHIP IMPACT ON GROWTH OF PRODUCTION COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzafer Brigić

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Growth and development are among the main goals of every company. A dedication to the activities which create conditions for growth and development is an important management operation. Entrepreneurial activity provides prerequisites so that growth and development can be achieved. In large and existing companies, entrepreneurial activity presents intrapreneurship. The subject of this paper is to what extent are intrapreneurial activities present in production companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, we explored organizational prerequisites for intensifying the impact of intrapreneurship, and the impact of intrapreneurial activities on company growth. Primary research was conducted in the field using the survey as a tool for data collection. By interviewing people we obtained the answer to the question, to what extent is intrapreneurship developed in the production companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina in terms of two key dimensions of intrapreneurship: innovation and autonomy of action, and their impact on the growth of production companies. Additionally, we reached an answer as to what is necessary to do in the field of management of the companies in order to create assumptions for intensifying the intrapreneurial activities of those companies. The sample represented 50 major production companies in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. We used statistical methods of data processing: descriptive analysis, factor analysis, regression, and correlation. By analyzing the results of the research, we confirmed the hypothesis that the implementation of intrapreneurial activities has a positive effect on the development of production companies. Recommendations were given in order to improve organizational presumptions for intensive intrapreneurial activities.

  16. Mobbing in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the member states of the European Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodic, V.

    2016-08-01

    Mobbing as a specific form of discrimination which applies only to the labor law, is a very young branch of labor law. It began to develop during the eighties of last century. This kind of psychoterror that appears in the workplace, was first spotted, formulated and diagnosed by the Swedish psychologist of German origin prof. Dr. Heinz Lejman (Heinz Leymann July 17, 1932.; Wolfenbuttel, Germany - 1999 Stockholm, Sweden). Today, the legal regulation of mobbing in terms of prevention, rules of behavior and sanctions is indispensable to every modern democratic state. I'll make a comparison of the legislative regulation provided by BiH with several European Union member states. I will compare the results of a survey conducted by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Condition, during the year 2000. In the European Union Member States, with the results of the questionnaire for employees, which I conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The conclusion I came to in this paper is: Bosnia and Herzegovina is lagging behind a lot of European Union member states, both in terms of prevention of mobbing, as well as legislation, that is insufficient to regulate this complex issue. Results of the questionnaire for the employees that I conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina are devastating and alarming.

  17. The influence of negative climate changes on physical development of urban and rural areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Rahman NURKOVIĆ

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The influence of negative climate changes on physical development of urban and rural areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina has been analysed in the paper. So, economy and society in urban and rural areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina are susceptible to environmental consequences of climate changes. In practice, this means that poorer countries in development of economic activities will suffer most due to climate changes, while some developed countries can be in a position to use new commercial possibilities. Presently, there is a significant scientific consensus that human activity affected the increase of atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases, respectively the carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone and chlorofluorocarbon, as a result of global changes of climate that will probably change dramatically during the next centuries in Bosnia and Herzegovina. More and more intensive industrialisation and urbanisation, as well as tourism, a growing phenomenon of the 21st century, have numerous negative direct, indirect and multiplicative effects on flora and fauna habitats of Bosnia and Herzegovina. For all mentioned above, this paper tries to indicate to a need for more significant investing into tourism development, which is presently at a very low level of development in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the past ten years a dynamical development of tertiary activities in urban and rural areas has been distinguished; among which shopping centres take a significant position. 

  18. Psychological Aspects of Elopement: A Case in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Tuce, Djenita

    2014-01-01

    Despite the fact that an elopement becomes declining marriage practice in Bosnia, there are still a significant number of women who marry this way and who are able to share their knowledge on this cultural heritage. It is not call into question that elopement has a great sociological significance for young women. After elopement the marriage gains an achieved status and the girl gets stable position in the society as married women. However, the question posed in this paper is what does elopem...

  19. Post-War Identification : Everyday Muslim Counterdiscourse in Bosnia Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Kolind, Torsten

    2008-01-01

    Post-war identification is a unique ethnographic study of the remaking of post-war life in a small ethnically mixed town in Bosnia Herzegovinia. During the war in the 1990's the local Muslim population was expelled, but today has returned to live alongside former enemies. These people are trying to piece together a life from broken fragments that consists of war-related traumas, nationalist propaganda, ruined economies, disappointment, and memories of pre-war life. In this shattered world Tor...

  20. Cartographic depiction of religious buildings and cemeteries on cadastral maps created during the first cadastral survey of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nedim Tuno

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with cartographic depictions of religious facilities and cemeteries in Bosnia and Herzegovina on cadastral maps created during the Austro-Hungarian administration. It shows how cartographic depictions of these plans changed over time, based on collections of topographic symbols published in the late 19th and the early 20th century. Relevant cartographic sources depicting religious buildings were identified and collected through analysis of genuine archival documents, i.e. relevant cartographical sources of different scales and types. The research of the materials resulted in a scientific description of the most important aspects of religious facilities belonging to different religious communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  1. Investigation of Adsorbed Gases Content in Coal Beds in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Sadadinovic, J.; Mičević, S.

    2008-01-01

    Investigation of the gas fraction in coal beds in Bosnia & Herzegovina has been performed systematically since 1988. Gas in coal beds can be present in free or adsorbed form, and dissolved in water. Methods of investigation are based on the direct approach, according to which the gas fraction is determined in the undisturbed coal bed.The quantity of the adsorbed and free gas in the coal bed is directly proportional to the gas pressure. Dependence is hyperbolic. The quantity of the free gas in...

  2. [Crisis of the professional ethics at educational system of Bosnia and Herzegovina and its relationship].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziga, Jusuf; Masić, Izet

    2005-01-01

    In the structure of ruining of the social values system, in post war Bosnia and Herzegovina we possess the worrying degradation of the professional morals in the educational performance: irreal examination, intervention, bribe, sexual black mail and similar. That confirmed the results of the extensive examination which recently was realized on this subject. The negative crisis effects of the professional morals in the educational system will, surely, at the social plan, more long-term reflect. Because, it is no about only in the intelectual-expert, than also about the educational component of personality forming. PMID:16268077

  3.   Open Source E-learning for Medical Schools in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dørup, Jens; Dahl, Mads Ronald; Simunovic, V.

    2005-01-01

    to traffic. On the other hand many medical students use the internet regularly from their homes and there is an increasing knowledge and understanding for the use of IT in medical education both among teachers and students [2,3]. The present project was established to try to help the medical schools......  The former Yugoslav republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) with a combined Muslim, Serbian, and Croatian population, is trying to build new frameworks for effective teaching and learning in medicine. Apart from cultural and religious diversities, the country is struggling with serious financial...

  4. LATE LADINIAN (MIDDLE TRIASSIC SPUMELLARIA (RADIOLARIA FROM THE DINARIDES OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    UGUR KAGAN TEKIN

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available A limestone sample from southern Bosnia and Herzegovina near Fojnica town yielded extremely abundant and well-preserved radiolarians. The radiolarians are late Ladinian in age and clearly indicate the Spongoserrula fluegeli Subzone of Muelleritortis cochleata Zone based on the index forms and associated fauna. A highly diverse spumellarian fauna is described from this sample. Within the defined spumellarian fauna, five genera (Ligulatubus, Tubospongopallium, Hexacatoma, Octostella and Discofulmen seventeen species (Dumitricasphaera galeata, D. trialata, Spongostylus bosniensis, Spongopallium crassum, Ligulatubus yaoi, Tubospongopallium gracile, T. kozuri, T. tornatum, Archaeospongoprunum globosum, Veghicyclia cruciforma, V. krystyni, Hexacatoma elegantissima, H. nobleae, Octostella pulchra, Pentaspongodiscus similediscus, Discofulmen dumitricai, D. ishidai are new.

  5. Scientometric Analysis of the Journals of the Academy of Medical Sciences in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Masic, Izet; Begic, Edin; Zunic, Lejla

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Currently in Bosnia and Herzegovina there are 25 journals in the field of biomedicine, 6 of them are indexed in Medline/PubMed base (Medical Archives, Materia Socio-Medica, Acta Informatica Medica, Acta Medica Academica, Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences (BJBMS) and Medical Glasnik), and one (BJBMS) is indexed in Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE)/Web of Science base. Aim: The aim of this study was to show the scope of work of the journals that were published by Acad...

  6. Mapping soil magnetic properties in Bosnia and Herzegovina for landmine clearance operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannam, J. A.; Dearing, J. A.

    2008-10-01

    Electromagnetic properties of soils have negative impacts on metal detector performance during landmine clearance operations. In particular, topsoils with high concentrations of pedogenic viscous superparamagnetic minerals (magnetite/maghemite) as shown by high values of magnetic susceptibility and frequency dependent susceptibility limit the detector capability of identifying buried landmines. Thus a priori knowledge of the spatial extent of soils that may be problematic for landmine detection would aid strategic planning of clearance operations and ensure appropriate equipment is deployed. Here, we compare two approaches for estimating the broad magnetic properties of soils in Bosnia and Herzegovina: 1) an analogue approach, using data for magnetic susceptibility and frequency dependent susceptibility available for soil types from other temperate and Mediterranean regions; 2) magnetic measurements of a stratified sample of soil samples taken from the Bosnian National Soil Archive. The national soil magnetic maps produced estimate that the area of land inferred as problematic for metal detectors is 4% and 30% according to the analogue and measurement methods respectively. Combining soil type with soil parent material and climate explains the spatial variability of soil magnetic properties in terms of mechanisms of secondary ferrimagnetic mineral production and accumulation. The resulting maps indicate that the magnetic properties of dominant soils in northern Bosnia tend to be unproblematic for detectors, while in central Bosnia there is likely to be moderate detector interference. However, there is a high likelihood of dominant soils affecting detectors in southern and western Bosnia and Herzegovina, equivalent to ~ 30% of the total land area. The mapped outputs of susceptibility and frequency dependent susceptibility provide demining end-users with an indication of the likelihood of encountering problem soils in areas selected for clearance operations.

  7. Impact of new power investments up to year 2020 on the energy system of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Hasovic Zihnija

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates current and planned investments in new power plants in Bosnia and Herzegovina and impact of these investments on the energy sector, CO2 emission and internationally committed targets for electricity from renewable sources up to year 2020. Bosnia and Herzegovina possesses strong renewable energy potential, in particular hydro and biomass. However, the majority of energy production is conducted in outdated power plants and based on fossil fuels, resulting in environment pollution. New major investments The Stanari Thermal plant (300 MW and the investment in Block 7 (450 MW at the Thermal Plant Tuzla are again focused on fossil fuels. The power sector is also highly dependent on the hydrology as 54% of current capacities are based on large hydro power. In order to investigate how the energy system of Bosnia and Herzegovina will be affected by these investments and hydrology, the EnergyPLAN model was used. Based on the foreseen demand for year 2020 several power plants construction and hydrology scenarios have been modelled to cover a range of possibilities that may occur. This includes export orientation of Stanari plant, impact of wet, dry and average year, delayed construction of Tuzla Block 7, constrained construction of hydro power plants, and retirement of thermal units. It can be concluded that energy system can be significantly affected by delayed investments but in order to comply with renewables targets Bosnia and Herzegovina will need to explore the power production from other renewable energy sources as well.

  8. The public administration reform in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina: a reform process embedded in a sovereignty paradox

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Milovich, L.; Ossewaarde, M.R.R.

    2013-01-01

    As the post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina has turned its interest towards a European Union membership, it has entered an accession process requiring it, among other things, to reform its public administration system. The European Union's involvement within the reform has been placed under critique, as

  9. Sudden infant death syndrome: a case report in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Dragan Ćajić

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS is an idiopathic condition that affects seemingly healthy infants under one year of age, whose death remains unexplained after the performance of a complete postmortem examination, toxicological analyses, genetic testing, death scene investigation, and a review of the mother’s and infant’s medical history. Detailed epidemiological, pathological, and forensic information has been reported regarding SIDS from the developed countries. However, SIDS information from developing countries is either widely scattered or non-existent. This is the first published case report of SIDS from the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A previously healthy 3 months old, white male infant was found dead after being placed to sleep in the prone position. The features of this case report closely parallel the classical features of SIDS cited in the world literature. The infant was healthy, male, between the ages of 2-12 months, discovered in the prone position and had a negative postmortem investigation. It is important for developing countries such as Bosnia and Herzegovina to conduct detailed forensic investigations of deaths from SIDS and provide epidemiological, pathological, and circumstances of that information to the world’s collective knowledge.

  10. Participatory Imaging Mapping of Cultural Heritage Across Internal Borders Stolac, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzic, L.; Dzino-Suta, A.; Eppich, R.; Vezic, A.; Izkara Martinez, J. L.

    2015-08-01

    During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995) cultural heritage was explicitly targeted and the state of destruction was extensive to both sacral and secular monuments. Two decades after the end of hostilities the perception of the historic environment is still defined from the angles of national, religious or ethnic belonging. Enabling recognition, reconciliation, tolerance and respect within the community of Stolac, Bosnia & Herzegovina through a better understanding and sharing of cultural heritage was the focus of this project. Stolac is representative of the problems in the region and stands out for its particularly sharp divisions. Until recently there was segregation with local schools and their curriculum was divided with cultural heritage generally not addressed. How can this small community engage with heritage and develop a dialogue that encourages tolerance, respect and as a base for development? How does one understand, then document areas significance to the community? Finally, how can technology assist? The focus of this paper is to relate the experiences and findings of a project that incorporated participatory imaging mapping and the use of technology to bridge between the internal borders of this small community. It will outline a methodology, experiences of the participants and results from their exercises in order to assist other communities facing similar issues.

  11. Assessing Credit Default using Logistic Regression and Multiple Discriminant Analysis: Empirical Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Deni Memić

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article has an aim to assess credit default prediction on the banking market in Bosnia and Herzegovina nationwide as well as on its constitutional entities (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. Ability to classify companies info different predefined groups or finding an appropriate tool which would replace human assessment in classifying companies into good and bad buckets has been one of the main interests on risk management researchers for a long time. We investigated the possibility and accuracy of default prediction using traditional statistical methods logistic regression (logit and multiple discriminant analysis (MDA and compared their predictive abilities. The results show that the created models have high predictive ability. For logit models, some variables are more influential on the default prediction than the others. Return on assets (ROA is statistically significant in all four periods prior to default, having very high regression coefficients, or high impact on the model's ability to predict default. Similar results are obtained for MDA models. It is also found that predictive ability differs between logistic regression and multiple discriminant analysis.

  12. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF OCULAR MELANOMA IN UNIVERSITY CLINIC CENTER IN TUZLA, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vodencarevic, Amra Nadarevic; Jusufovic, Vahid; Terzic, Svjetlana; Burgic, Musfaha; Halibasic, Meliha; Sinanovic, Mersiha

    2016-01-01

    Aim: Melanoma represents a malignant tumour arising from melanocytes. Uveal melanoma is the most common primary ocular malignancy among the adult population. The aim of the study was to examine epidemiological characteristics of ocular melanoma in University Clinic Centre in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina from January 2001 till November 2015. Methods and Materials: In this retrospective study we used all available medical documentation to investigate the clinical findings which included age, gender, tumour size, histopathological features and the precise anatomic origin of the ocular melanoma. Results: Over the 14 year period of this study, there were 32 patients with microscopically confirmed ocular melanoma at the Department of Pathology. All malignant melanoma were uveal origin. Discussion and conclusion: For early detection of the disease, regular checkups are necessary, especially in older population. As there is a limited number of reports on the epidemiology of malignant tumors of eye and ocular adnex in our region, this is very important study. We conclude that this is a first study in Bosnia and Herzegovina that document the number of uveal melanomas.

  13. VIRTUAL MUSEUM APPLICATIONS AND THEIR PUBLIC PERCEPTION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Rizvic

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina always has been a place where the East meets the West. Over 1000 years, different cultures, religions and civilizations have left their remains in this small country in Western Balkans. Despite all wars and tragic destructions, today in the heart of Sarajevo one can find mosques, Catholic and Orthodox churches and Jewish synagogues next to each other and people of different nations and religions living together in mutual respect and friendship. Multiethnic spirit of Bosnia and Herzegovina lives through its cultural heritage. Therefore our task is to ensure its presentation and preservation using Information and Communications Technologies (ICT. So far researchers have achieved significant results by creating several virtual museums. In this paper we will present the Museum of Bosnian Traditional Objects, Digital Catalogue of Stecaks and the Virtual Museum of Sarajevo Assassination, giving an overview of the process of creating virtual environments from multiple data sources based on various 3D digitization technologies: some based on traditional 3D modeling, other based on laser scanning or photogrametric techniques.

  14. Social exclusion of the young from the labour market in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Tomić Velinka

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The population of young people in Bosnia and Herzegovina is confronted with many challenges - economic, institutional and social. The participation of young people in education drops significantly after they turn 18, while entry into the labour market happens around 20 years of age. Unemployment mostly affects people with lower education levels, such as those with a secondary school degree or qualified workers. The youth unemployment rate, the most commonly used indicator of the disadvantages faced by young people in the labour market, is very high in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The single most significant factor affecting the labour market experiences of young people is the extensive informal economy in the country. Active Labour Market Policy for young people attempts to reduce the problems faced by young people in their attempts to find decent work once they enter the labour market. They attempt to remedy failures of the educational system and to improve the efficiency of labour market matching. The percentage of unemployed youth is of great importance because the youth are in the age when the ability and motivation for work are at their peak. Any society that excludes half of its population from the sphere of work acts against public interest.

  15. Virtual Museum Applications and Their Public Perception in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizvic, S.; Sadzak, A.; Ramic-Brkic, B.; Hulusic, V.

    2011-09-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina always has been a place where the East meets the West. Over 1000 years, different cultures, religions and civilizations have left their remains in this small country in Western Balkans. Despite all wars and tragic destructions, today in the heart of Sarajevo one can find mosques, Catholic and Orthodox churches and Jewish synagogues next to each other and people of different nations and religions living together in mutual respect and friendship. Multiethnic spirit of Bosnia and Herzegovina lives through its cultural heritage. Therefore our task is to ensure its presentation and preservation using Information and Communications Technologies (ICT). So far researchers have achieved significant results by creating several virtual museums. In this paper we will present the Museum of Bosnian Traditional Objects, Digital Catalogue of Stecaks and the Virtual Museum of Sarajevo Assassination, giving an overview of the process of creating virtual environments from multiple data sources based on various 3D digitization technologies: some based on traditional 3D modeling, other based on laser scanning or photogrametric techniques.

  16. THE NATIONAL MINORITY CONSULTATIVE MECHANISMS - THE COUNCILS OF NATIONAL MINORITIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandar Čorni

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article tries to explore the practical application of the soft law, in concrete terms, the documents adopted by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, referring to the models of participation of national minorities in public life in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The objective of the research was to assess the legal and political grounds for functioning national minority councils as participation and consultative mechanisms, scope of responsibilities and capacities in relation to their effectiveness and impact and to identify relevant good practices on such mechanisms. The political and decision-making structures in Bosnia and Herzegovina demonstrated lack of actual commitment to the realization of the rights of minorities referring to participation in decision-making processes. Bearing in mind formal position within parliaments, visibility, and a significant promotional capacity for presence in the public sphere, the councils on national minorities may represent a significant body and channel for the minority – majority dialogue. However, at the moment, the national minority councils’ capacity to ensure participation of national minorities in Bosnian political life and their influence in decision-making process remains insufficient. In general, the consultative mechanisms, within their mandated responsibilities, have had insignificant and minimal impact on the practical, political and legislative segment.

  17. Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) as a potential reservoir host of cardiorespiratory parasites in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodžić, Adnan; Alić, Amer; Klebić, Ismar; Kadrić, Mirsad; Brianti, Emanuele; Duscher, Georg Gerhard

    2016-06-15

    Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is considered as reservoir of different cardiorespiratory parasites of veterinary and medical importance. Since data on cardiorespiratory parasites in foxes in Bosnia and Herzegovina are still lacking, the aims of the present study were to (i) investigate the prevalence and geographical distribution of these parasites, (ii) determine genetic diversity of detected parasite species, and (iii) to estimate the role of foxes in the transmission cycle to companion animals and humans. Four species, morphologically and molecularly identified as Eucoleus boehmi (64.6%; 51/79), Eucoleus aerophilus (69.7%; 154/221), Crenosoma vulpis (45.7%; 101/221) and Linguatula serrata (1.3%; 1/79) were retrieved from nasal cavity and lungs in 184 (83.3%) animals. The occurrence of heartworms, Angiostrongylus vasorum and Dirofilaria immitis was not detected by necropsy or PCR. Furthermore, three distinct haplotypes of E. aerophilus (I, III, XV) and two of C. vulpis (I, II) previously reported in pet animals and wild carnivores were confirmed in this study. A new haplotype of C. vulpis (designated as haplotype V) was also identified based on 12S rRNA gene for the first time. The present study indicates a high prevalence and wide distribution of nasal and lung nematodes in fox population in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and supports the existence of transmission patterns between wildlife and pet animals. PMID:27198779

  18. [Bibliographies of medical books in Bosnia and Herzegovina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omanić, A

    1997-01-01

    Many scientists have written about Turkish, Arabic and medical books. The most important authors among them are: Osman Sokolović: "Orijentalne medicinske knjige moje knjiznice", Hrvatska drzavna tiskara, Zagreb, Podruznica Sarajevo, Sarajevo, 1945, od 10-15; Prim. dr. Hamdija Karamehmedović; Ibn al-Nefis, "Mudzez al-Kanum", Republicki zavod za zdravstvenu zastitu Sarajevo, 1961, 1-219; Mr ph Samuel Elazar, Ajnija Omanić: "Bibliografija medicinskih djela u SR BiH do 1895." Medicinska knjiga Beograd-Zagreb 1984; Besides, the great contribution in bibliography was given by dr Lujo Taler, prof. dr. Drazen Grmek, dr. Jasa Roman, Kasim ef. Dobraca, Radmila Fabijanić, Hivzija ef. Hasandedić, prof. dr. Zdravko Devetak, prim. dr. Alija Karahasanović, Salih ef. Trako i Lejla Gazić. The first list of medical books from the territory of The Former Yugoslavia was prepared and published by Jasa Roman: Jugoslovenska bibliografija Ijekarusa i narodnih medicinskih rukopisam Naucno drustvo za istoriju zdravstvene culture Jugoslavije, Beograd, 1973. But, there are also many writings and book ("the old books") that have not been evidented yet. The reason for this is the fact that catalogues in private and public chemistries were not updated. This is why numerous documents have not been processed. These documents are the most important source of data about our health past, and that is why it is necessary to investigate, note and process them permanently in all aspects. The goal of this paper is to make a short preview of updated bibliography in Bosnia and Herzagovina, and to analyse methodology of making them. PMID:9324576

  19. Building peace in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Challenges, limits and opportunities in post-war rehabilitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raül Romeva i Rueda

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the way in which international society, through its institutions, has managed the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina from its pre-war phase to the current post-war phase. The article brings out two main ideas. The first is that internationalbehaviour in the pre-war and war phases was often based on erroneous or even false analyses of the situation leaving major obstacles for the construction of peace since the war. The second idea, related to the first, is that, while the implementation of the 1995 Dayton Accords is rapidly advancing, the fact that Bosnia is still a fragile state, burdened by a serious economic crisis and significant corruption and possessed of only weak public institutions and a weak civil society, makes it strongly dependent on international aid, a de-facto protectorate rather than a state based on the rule of law. It appears, then, that the implementation of the Dayton Peace Accords will be a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for post-war rehabilitation and the construction of peace in Bosnia.

  20. Professional Opinions And Attitudes On Tax Policy In Bosnia And Herzegovina With A Special Focus On The Federation Of Bosnia And Herzegovina1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lazović-Pita Lejla

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is based on tax policy opinion survey data collected in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H among tax experts. A special focus of the survey was to investigate the consequences of the different institutional environments that exist between the two entities of the country. After having reviewed all previous tax reforms in B&H, the most interesting results suggest that respondents agree on the introduction of a progressive personal income tax (PIT and excise duty on luxury products, the maintenance of personal and family allowances and the maintenance of the current value added tax (VAT and corporate income tax (CIT rates. However, differences exist in the respondents’ perceptions about the introduction of reduced VAT rates, the regressivity of the VAT, and giving priority to the equity principle over the efficiency principle in taxation. Probability modelling highlighted these differences and indicated inconsistencies in the definition of the PIT tax base, namely the comprehensiveness of the PIT base under the S-H-S definition of income.

  1. RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES AND THEIR POTENTIAL ROLE IN MITIGATION OF CLIMATE CHANGES AND AS A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT DRIVER IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Petar M Gvero

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina have significant physical potential regarding to renewable energy sources. Hydro, biomass, geothermal, wind, and solar potential can play important role in the whole state economy. Bosnia and Herzegovina is Non-Annex I country according to UNFCCC and according to that it is obligated to participate in the global efforts in order to reduce green house gases emission. This paper gives some analysis of the physical, technological, economic, and market potential of renewable energy sources in Bosnia and Herzegovina and their potential role in mitigation of climate changes. Paper also gives the analysis of the potential connections between renewable energy sources and sustainable development of the economy, taking in to consideration specific political structure of the state. Bosnia and Herzegovina is consisting from two entities: Republic of Srpska and Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Brcko District; energy sector and climate changes mitigation measures are under their jurisdiction. According to that some of this paper results can be useful for the improvement of entity and state strategies with the final aim to place renewable energy sources on the right position, as some of the major economy drivers, not only in Bosnia and Herzegovina, but in whole region.

  2. Dairy Production in Bosnia and Herzegovina over The Past Quarter Century

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    Vedad SAKIC

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of agricultural production is one of the economic priorities for Bosnia and Herzegovina. The dairy sector, including primary animal products and processed dairy foods, is a core sector for agricultural development. In 2006 the agriculture sector contributed about 10.4% of GDP, in 2008 8.4%, 2009 7.8%, 2011 8.7% and 2012 8.2%. Dairy farming dominates agricultural production and total livestock production contributes almost 60% of agricultural GDP. Milk production should be primarily directed towards cheaper and better quality of products. This is possible with active credit lines, more investment in the modernization and expansion of existing production capacity, as well as with construction of new large specialized farms, and new technologies, especially in the way of housing and handling of animals, nutrition, hygiene, etc. Current work is a brief review of the dairy sector at the past quarter century prepared by using data from different sources.

  3. Cloud Computing - Compliance with Regulatory Prescribed Data Protection Measures in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    HAMIDOVIĆ HARIS

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The rapid emergence of cloud computing has raised concerns about its legal and regulatory implications. Issues of data protection and security are among the concerns most frequently mentioned by potential cloud customers. If sensitive company data are stored, processed or transmitted in a cloud environment, data protection and other laws will apply to that environment too. The allocation of responsibility between client and provider for managing security controls does not exempt a client from the responsibly of ensuring that their sensitive data is properly secured according to applicable law requirements. In this regard, it is necessary to get appropriate assurance that cloud service provider information security management system covers the security of the computers and computing environment that it uses in processing sensitive company data. This paper addresses the issues of compliance with regulatory prescribed data protection measures in Bosnia and Herzegovina in cloud environment.

  4. BAKOVIĆI THE BIGEST GOLD DEPOSIT OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ivan Jurković

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Tectonic setting, para genesis, structure and texture of ores, sulphide sulphur isotopic composition allign the Bakovići veiny deposit in the group of polymetallic, postmagmatic hydrothermal deposits in the Mid-Bosnian Schist Mountains area. Crude ore is rich in gold (15 g/t. Main ore mineral is gold-bearing pyrite; quartz and siderite are the main gangue minerals Accessories are: tetrahedrite, arsenopyrite, chalcopyrjte, stibnite, galena, barite, gypsum. Production between 1895-1938 gave 2.24 t of gold and 7.47 t of silver. The Bakovići deposit was the biggesl producer of gold in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The deposit is relaled to the Late Variscan rhyolite magmatism.

  5. The Market and Institutional Value Attachments to Sustainable Return of Human Capital to Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Aleksandar BOZIC

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This study explores the main characteristics of potentials and challenges of the brain grain process in a post conflict and transitional situation, by reflecting the various views and perspectives of the relevant stakeholders in the field o migration from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. The focus is on highly skilled tertiary graduates’ returnees from BiH and the assessment of their skills and knowledge recognition within the labour market and public administration. The study concludes that even though it has been widely estimated that advanced countries can significantly benefit regarding country's productivity from temporary movements of tertiary migrants, societies that challenge serious human capital flow can negatively value the potential benefits of the highly skilled returnees, while their advanced skills and knowledge most likely remains unrecognized.

  6. Strategic quality management on business to business market in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Kenan Uštović

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Product and service quality has increasingly seen as a crucial factor of competitiveness, not only for individual companies, but for entire industries too. Using specific resources and capabilities companies can take a chance to delight their customers. This paper presents new sales model developed by authors, which includes all necessary steps related to sales process. Customer-Oriented Sales (COS Model considers opportunity that company differentiates itself and become market leader. This paper includes research about companies engaged in B2B sale in Bosnia and Herzegovina and their willingness to use quality as differentiation tool. As a method of research we used data collection questionnaire. It is important to notice that the quality is not the purpose of itself. Investments in quality without recognition of customer needs can also be ineffective. Taking into account all anticipated results, we will make a conclusion about possibilities that companies’ incorporate COS Model in their business system.

  7. Impact of Accounting Information Systems on Decision Making Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Elvisa Buljubašić

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In the market economy, the way in which company is managed and developed is extremly important, because every wrong or misleading decision comes at a high price. Therefore each decision that management brings should be based on precise, qualitative, timely and unambiguous information. In order to serve its purpose, after information are collected they are processed, classified and stored within the company. For effective and efficient information processingit is necessary to have an integrated set of components, called an information system. Undoubtedly, significant role in information processing for effective decision making, belongs to accounting information system. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to analyze the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina related to the use and adoption of accounting information system and it's impact on decision making process. Questionnaire distributed to the business organizations and interviews with the managers, as a data collection method, will be used. Statistical and graphical methods will be used to demonstrate findings.

  8. Impact of Training and Development on Employees Performance in Bosnia And Herzegovina

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    Serkan Bayraktaroglu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Companies today are forced to compete and to act professionally in those harsh times, so it is very important to have right employees for better company`s rating. It is crucial that staff needs to have better knowledge, skills and competencies. More and more companies are acknowledging Human Resources (training and development as their main key for success and bigger focus is on employee – customer relation. Main objective of this study was to find out impact of training and development on employee’s performance and Bosnia and Herzegovina was taken as an example. This study was back grounded by the two different questionnaires one for the employees and one for the managers or owners of the companies. Results revealed that there is a huge impact on employee’s performance when it comes to the training programs and employees are fully aware that training programs give them better knowledge, improved skills and ideas for future career paths.

  9. SYSTEMATIC RISK ASSESMENT USING OLS METHOD - THE CASE OF THE CAPITAL MARKET OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Azra Zaimović

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Sharpe-Lintner Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM implies a simple linear equation for pricing risky financial assets, individually and in portfolios. CAPM finds that the relevant risk measure of individual financial assets held as a portion of a well-diversified portfolio is not a variance (or a standard deviation of financial assets, as proposed by the Modern Portfolio Theory, but a contribution of financial assets to the portfolio variance, measured by the financial asset beta. Beta coefficient is the measure of the systematic risk of risky assets.This paper explores beta coefficients of stocks of the Bosnia and Herzegovina capital market. This capital market is new and underdeveloped, with a modest supply of securities and with a small number of marketable securities. It is interesting to explore whether the beta coefficients of domestic stocks are efficient and whether they could be used in portfolio management.The paper employs the OLS method to estimate the standard Sharpe-Linter CAPM model. As in most other new markets, this market has a non-synchronous trading problem, which determined the selection of the sample used in the econometric analysis. A representative sample of stocks with satisfactory marketability is analyzed over a five-year period, i.e. 2005–2009. The basic hypothesis of the research is: beta coefficient as a measure of systematic risk is a relevant risk measure for the capital market of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A special aim of the paper is to explore whether estimated models satisfy the presumptions of the linear regression model, which is being examined using a series of diagnostic tests. The results of this paper can be widely used and have significant implications for business purposes. Special attention is dedicated to estimating efficient beta coefficients that may be considered as reliable in a wide use of the CAPM model in financial practice.

  10. The attitudes of pharmacists and physicians in Bosnia and Herzegovina towards adverse drug reaction reporting

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    Tarik Catic

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs are threat to the patient’s safety and the quality of life, and they increase the cost of health care. Spontaneous ADR reporting system mainly relies on physicians, but also pharmacists, nurses, and even patients. The aim of this study was to explore attitudes, barriers, and possible improvements to ADR reporting practices in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was developed to collect data on the perception of pharmacovigilance practice and ADR reporting. The survey was conducted in the period between September, 2014 and October, 2014.Results: The response rate was 73% (44 of 60 and 93% (148 of 160 among the pharmacist and family medicine physician groups, respectively. Regarding the attitudes to pharmacovigilance practice and reporting, both the pharmacists and physicians found the practices important. The majority of pharmacists and physicians in year 2014 did not report any ADR, while 18% of the pharmacists and 12% of the physicians, who participated in this study, reported one ADR. Reporting procedure, uncertainty, and their exposure were the main barriers to reporting ADRs for the pharmacists. The physicians claimed lack of knowledge to whom to report an ADR as the main barrier. A significant number of the respondents thought that additional education in ADR reporting would have a positive impact, and would increase the ADR reporting rate.Conclusions: Despite the overall positive attitude towards ADR reporting, the reporting rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina is still low. Different barriers to the ADR reporting have been identified, and there is also the need for improvements in the traditional education in this field.

  11. ANALYSIS OF METHODOLOGY AND MODELS OF STRATEGIC PLANNING OF LOCAL DEVELOPMENT IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Amra Abadžić

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper starts from the premise that local development policy could be seen as a tool for effective management and usage of comparative and competitive advantages in space and time. By applying the centralized administrative model in managing society andeconomy, Bosnia and Herzegovina is not capable of handling efficient development at national, regional and local level. We believethat there is a need to change the model of social and economic development, taking into consideration that so far negative effects of the erroneously applied strategies and development policies have reached unexpected limits. Strategic planning is an instrumentwhich the managers of local communities may use to make optimum decisions and their implementation. Models of strategic planningrepresent the need of local community for internationalization and attracting foreign investors, but also the appropriate public sectorsupport offered to the businesses in a particular community in order to conduct their activities in a more efficient way. Priority aims and their actual application to development of local communities are determined by strategic planning and models of strategic planning. Webelieve that an appropriately adjusted model of strategic planning provides an advantage for local communities in innovative andcooperative approaches to the problems of local government units, with the tendency for defining priority areas and sectors, whiledifferent levels of government, scientific and development institutions at local and other levels and civil sectors should be involved in solving these problems. In this paper, we focused on the presentation of models of strategic planning from the practice worldwide, as an efficient means for the implementation ofstrategic planning processes and using its positive characteristics in order to improve efficiency and effectiveness of local communities. As an example of balance between acceptance and feasibility, we showed the

  12. Internet Transparentnost u Finansijskom Sektoru Bosne i Hercegovine/ Internet Transparency in Financial Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Zlatković Matea

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Raising the quality of corporate governance has a direct positive impact on company’s market value, allowing the use of variety of forms of financing: national and international, public and private, which strengthen their long-term development. The purpose of this paper is to explore the Internet transparency in banks and insurance companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina and detect the differences between the banking and insurance sectors in terms of transparency in certain areas of corporate governance. The necessary data for the study were obtained by reviewing corporate websites. The results of discrimination analysis show that there is a difference in the internet transparency between banking and insurance sectors in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  13. Role of Transformational Leadership on Employee’s Job Satisfaction: the Case of Private Universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Hamidullah Bayram

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The impact and type of effective leadership has a significant role in the improvement of organizational performance. This study has been conducted to indicate the importance of transformational leadership style on employees’ job satisfaction. The aim of this study is to describe the relationship between transformational leadership and employees’ job satisfaction at private universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A sample of 150 employees responded to a three-part instrument from two private universities in Sarajevo, the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Factor analysis, means, standard deviations, correlation and regression analysis were used to analyze the data. The findings determined that a moderate, positive and significant relationship exists between the dimensions transformational leadership and employees’ job satisfaction for both work of nature and operating condition. This study suggests that leaders at the private universities should pay more attention to findings new analytical ways for old problems and describing the demand of followers.

  14. PSYCHOSOCIAL ASSISTANCE TO STUDENTS WITH POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER IN PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN POST-WAR BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Hasanović, Mevludin; Srabović, Sehaveta; Rašidović, Munevera; Šehović, Mirela; Hasanbašić, Emir; Husanović, Jasminka; Hodžić, Renata

    2009-01-01

    Background: The 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) has had a tremendous impact on civilians; thousands of inhabitants were left with numerous traumatic experiences. Many children suffered or witnessed horrifying acts of violence and aggression. Although young trauma victims are often resilient, many experience mental health difficulties, including PTSD. The aim of the study was to estimate whether psychosocial support given by the School Project of Humanitarian Association of “ P...

  15. Sexual Compulsivity Comorbidity With Depression, Anxiety, and Substance Use in Students From Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Dzanan Berberovic

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to examine relationships between sexual compulsivity, depression (including level of self-esteem) anxiety, and the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs in a sample of 1,711 students from Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sexual compulsivity, depression, and anxiety were measured with standardized scales and inventories (the Sexual Compulsivity Scale – SCS, the Beck Depression Inventory – BDI, and the Spielberger’s State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Trait, STAI-T, r...

  16. THE COMPETITIVENESS OF TOURISM AND RURAL TOURISM OFFER IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA THROUGH APPLICATION OF THE MARKETING APPROACH

    OpenAIRE

    Cejvanovic, Ferhat; Duric, Aleksandar; Vujic, Tatjana

    2009-01-01

    This paper considers the essence, significance and necessity of application of the marketing approach, i.e. planning, organizing and control of marketing activities in tourist and rural tourist policy, intending to add to competitiveness of the tourism offer in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The paper elaborates theoretic and substantial aspects of marketing element in tourism and rural tourism, with a special view on importance and contribution of marketing approach in competitiveness of tourism an...

  17. Pruritus in hemodialysis patients: Results from Fresenius dyalisis center, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Zoran Vrucinic

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Uremic pruritus (UP is a common and distressing complication of end-stage renal disease (ESRD. Aglobal cross-sectional study of 18,000 hemodialysis patientsreported a 42% prevalence of moderate or extreme UP, which was strongly associated with sleep disturbance, depression, impaired quality of life, and mortality. Pruritus is commonly encountered in individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD on hemodialysis (HD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in order to find out the prevalence of pruritus in patients on regular maintenance hemodialysis (HD as well as to analyze its relationship to age, sex of the patient, duration of hemodialysis in months per patient, serum levels of phosphate, PTH, KT/V (index of dialysis dose, parameters in the beggining of the study and six months after. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics- Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and Chi-square test with Yates correction factor. Results: Sixty and two patients with ESRD (age ranging from 31 to 87years free from systemic, skin or psychiatric disorders and other secondary causes attributable to pruritis, undergoing maintenance HD (duration on HD 4-348months; mean 86.97 and median 79,5months at Fresenius dialysis center, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina were evaluated for pruritus. Pruritus has been discovered in 21 out of 34males (54,8% and 6 out of 28females (22,2%. Our study as many others showed that pruritus is very common (45.2% in HD patients. Applying c2 test with Yates correction factor is highly statistically significant (c2 = 8.003, p = 0.005 by gender. Research of the gender revealed that pruritus appeared more in men analysis. There were no significant differences between other measured markers: to age, duration of hemodialysis in months per patient, serum levels of phosphate, PTH, KT/V (index of dialysis dose in patients with pruritus and in patients without pruritus. Conclusions:This first cross-sectional study

  18. Some characteristics of social interactions among adolescents in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia

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    Klarin M

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Mira Klarin,1 Ana Pororokovic,2 Slavica Šimic Šašic,1 Violeta Arnaudova31Department of Teacher and Preschool Teacher Education, University of Zadar, Zadar, Croatia; 2Department of Psychology, University of Zadar, Zadar, Croatia; 3Faculty of Philosophy, Department of Psychology, University of Ciril and Method, Skopje, MacedoniaIntroduction: The bioecological model refers to the basic social needs that a person has satisfied through social interactions. In individualist cultures, the need for independence is emphasized with the aim of self-realization and personal achievement. In collectivist cultures, togetherness is encouraged and it prevails over individuality.Aim: The aim of this study was to determine whether there were differences in adolescents (n = 1033 from three different cultural environments (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia with regard to the various aspects of the social interactions and behaviors these adolescents exercise with their parents and friends.Methods: Three groups of questionnaires were used: those that measure family interactions (the quality of family interactions, loneliness in the family, and family influence; those that assess peer interactions (quality of friendships, social loneliness, and influence of friendships; and those that examined behavioral variables (self-esteem, aggression, and prosocialness.Results: Discriminant analysis has shown that there are two significant functions that differentiate subjects from the three different cultural environments. The first discriminant function that adequately discriminates between subjects in all three cultural environments is related to social and family loneliness and the influence of friends. Loneliness in the family, social loneliness, and influence of friends are most prevalent among adolescents in Macedonia and least among adolescents in Croatia. The second function that distinguished adolescents in Croatia from those in the other two cultural

  19. Psychological consequences of war-traumatized children and adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Mevludin Hasanović

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Research into the psychosocial consequences of war and political violence on children’s and adolescent’s developmental wellbeing has shown a steady increase over the last decades. Numerous studies, from differing cultures in different war zones around the world, have documented the effect on children of exposure to war atrocities. The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH 1992-1995, at the end of 20th century found the citizens of BH and the world mental health professionals and scientists unprepared to deal with the adverse consequences for the entire BH population and especially for its most vulnerable part, children and adolescents, to be able to take adequate measures of sufficient mental health care to prevent devastating consequences of severe multiple traumas. Only a few research studies were done during and after this war in BH, the United States, Sweden, Norway, the UK and Germany focusing on the relationship between war trauma, Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, depression, suicidal thoughts, acculturation, repatriation, poverty, behavioral problems, school adjustment, relational problems of children and their mothers after deployment of war PTSD veterans and war prisoners, and treatment of psychological consequences in examined children and adolescents from BH. The major part of this paper reviewed available literature on Medline that reported national and international studies which investigated the psychological consequences of war on BH children and adolescents and several papers about children and adolescents from Srebrenica, that were not indexed on Medline, but showed very crucial results for the issue described.

  20. The Impact of Brand Equity Assets on Consumer Preference for Foreign Brands in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ena Kumbara

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In the free market consumers are faced with a different variation while they making purchase decision. Brand as a term, name, and symbol gives quality and satisfy needs of consumers and on that way assure self recognition. Main objective of this study is to determine the factors which influence consumers to buy international brands rather than national brands. This study has four independent variables and one dependent variable. Data for this study will be collected using online surveys based on the previous researches about brand equity and its dimensions. Sample for this study were 214 respondents form the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Using descriptive statistics, correlation and multiple regression analyses these data are measured. Results of this research will give benefits to marketing professionals in Bosnian industries where they can try to understand consumers- whether brand equity and its dimensions affect their purchasing decision and does that effect have negative or positive impact. Contribution of this study is reflected in that Bosnian manufacturers and sellers can better meet consumer’s wishes and needs, possibilities of potential consumers in this strained economy.

  1. Institutional Discrimination against the MinorityGroups in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Barrier to EU Membership

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    Bedrudin Brljavac

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Although over more than 10 years Bosnia and Herzegovina has been going through an extensive European Union-related reform process, the country is still facing serious democratic deficit. In particular, the post-Dayton public sphere has been dominated by ethno-nationalist political elites which are doing everything to exclude non-nationalists and members of minority groups from the decision-making process. This is a clear paradox since one of the main objectives behind the integration of the European countries into the European Community was to reduce disintegrative and dangerous influences of nationalists and establish a peaceful, prosperous, and secure community. In this article, we analyze the process of the post-Dayton ethno-nationalization resulting in a widespread discrimination against the so-called ―others‖ as they are defined in the Constitution. In the post-war BiH, democratic participation has turned into a competition between the three ethnic communities, Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats, rather than race of equal individuals having equal right of vote. That‘s why Bosnian people are still living under the political system which is closer to ethno-democracy or ethnocracy rather than democratic regime. Under such a discriminatory regime BiH can not enter the European Union, which is a model of open and democratic society.

  2. Bosnia and Herzegovina General Elections, 2010: Analysis of Pre-Election Rhetoric

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    Adis Arapovic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina, as a postconflict and transitional country with sui generis political system of low efficiency, creates and conducts its politics in a specific ambient of reduced sovereignty and responsibility of domestic institutions and other political subjects. Such political ambient is suitable to proliferation of nationalistic, confrontational and anti-constitutional rhetoric and practices, which reach its peak during period of pre-election campaigns.Unfinished legislative election framework, purposeful obstruction of international election standards and domestic legislative on behalf of most of political subjects, deficiency of professional and independent media, undeveloped civic society, and politicized and undercapacitated institutions which are involved with subject of regularity of the election process, are the reason for lack of candidate's will for constitutional, legislative and ethical behavious during pre-election campaign.Due to this, pre-election campaign of most of political subjects is mainly negative, and not focused on elementary questions of standard of living and priority challenges of state and society (necessary constitutional reforms, Euro-Atlantic integrations, structural economic reforms, unemployment etc., but on mutual confrontations, stress on big political questions of the status of entities and constituent nations, then on nationalistic rhetorics of negating consitutional and historical facts, and on mutual ungrounded discreditation, which generates atmosphere of fear, national homogenization and searching of the culprit for bad situation in society, inside of other national corpus, and not among own political representtatives.

  3. Labor market performance in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina from a gender perspective

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    Ognjen Radonjić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze some aspects of the efficiency of labor markets in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina and compare resulting outcomes with the outcomes of labor markets efficiency in selected economies of the European Union. A particular focus of our analysis is on gender equality, due to the fact that not only gender inequality negatively affects the quality of life of individuals and society in general, but also can produce significant macroeconomic losses which negatively affect economic growth and development. When formulating policy that aims to increase the employability and income of the local population, our recommendation to governments, non-governmental and supranational institutions is to simultaneously take all necessary steps in order to provide women equal access to labor markets. This primarily refers to equality in access to newly created jobs, the uniformity of wages for a work with equal qualification, equal access to employment in formal economy, equal safety at work, equal access to social safety net etc.

  4. A Comparison of Interest-Free and Interest-Based Microfinance in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Mohammad Hamad

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Microfinance has long been used a developmental tool to fight poverty. It has been operational since the 1960s. Recent studies have shown positive impacts of microfinance with respect to generating income and smoothing consumption of its clients. On the other hand, a number of critics argue that microfinance has not been able to achieve its main objective of fighting poverty. This is due to the shift that has taken place in the industry from poverty-focus to profit-oriented business-focus. Above all, microfinance faces other challenges on its way to succeed. One of the major challenges is that the product is not universally applicable or it does not tailor with the belief system of the Muslims despite the fact that one third of the world poor are Muslims. There has been a growing effort to create an ‘Islamic’ model of microfinance. The Islamic Model of Microfinance represents a new paradigm of social enterprise in which profit and loss sharing replaces interest-based financing. The growth of Islamic microfinance has led organizations such as the Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP, a multilateral organization distributing knowledge about Islamic microfinance, and the Islamic Development Bank (IDB to begin understanding this new way of approaching poverty. The objective of this paper is to review the existing Islamic microfinance institutions (IMFIs in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH, and to propose a Shariah compliant microfinance product in Islamic microfinance operations particularly in BH.

  5. Influence of ironworks on distribution of chemical elements in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

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    Jasminka Alijagić

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work is the study of the distribution of chemical elements in attic dust and topsoil for the identification of anthropogenic and geogenic element sources in an old metallurgic area in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia (Slo – BiH bilateral project “Heavy metals in environment as consequences of mining and smelting in the past”. Samples of attic dust and topsoil were collected in localities in BiH (Zenica, Vareš and Ilijaš and Slovenia (Jesenice, Štore and Ravne.Analysis for 42 chemical elements was performed. Based on a comparison of statistical parameters, spatial distribution of particular elements and results of cluster analysis one natural and two anthropogenic geochemical associations were identified. The natural geochemical association (Al-K-La-Sc-Th-Ti is influenced mainly by lithology. The anthropogenic association (Co-Cr-Mo-Ni-V-W is the result of iron metallurgy in the past. The second anthropogenic association (Ag-As-Cd-Fe-Hg-Mn-Pb-Sb-Sn-Zn is the result of high level of sulphide phase in iron ore (Vareš and zinc and sulphuric acid production in the Celje area.

  6. OBSTACLES TO IMPLEMENTATION OF SOLVENCY II REGIME IN NONLIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Safet Kozarevic

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aimed at protection of the market and consumers, the control of solvency is very important for insurer’s business activities. Regarding the fact that insurer’s insolvency causes a chain of problems, the state regulation is needed that forces insurers to keep their solvency at the necessary level. Insurance companies in the European Union work on the implementation of a new regulatory framework defined by the Solvency II Directive, which demands a better risk management as well as a better connection of capital and risk profile, increased transparency, and higher flexibility of insurance companies’ business. In the period to come, this would present a huge challenge for the authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH as well, which would need to prepare their resources for the introduction of the Solvency II concept. For this purpose, the analysis of the current condition of the insurance market in BiH was made. By using the primary research and applying the survey as a questioning technique, the attitudes were gathered on the current conditions and possibilities for the implementation of the Solvency II Directive into the business activities of insurance companies in BiH.

  7. Depleted uranium in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Post-conflict environmental assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Depleted Uranium (DU) ammunition was used in 1994-95 during the conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This third DU field study from the Balkans, following UNEP's earlier DU studies in Kosovo (2001) and Serbia and Montenegro (2002), increases the scientific knowledge of the behaviour of DU in the environment. The mission investigated 14 sites. DU could be easily found at three of these sites more than seven years after the conflict and was confirmed by the physical presence of penetrators and jackets, as well as by soil, bio-indicator, water and air samples. For the first time in UNEP's DU studies in the Balkans, DU was found in drinking water samples, albeit at extremely low levels. DU was also measured in air samples, both outside as well as inside certain buildings currently in use. The report recommends precautionary steps in the form of decontamination and clean-up. Given the remaining scientific uncertainties on the long-term behaviour of DU in the natural environment, UNEP recommends further studies to be done in other regions where DU ammunition has been used. (author)

  8. Forensic evaluation of persons with destructive behavior in the postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novaković Milan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Different persons show forensic differences related to aggressive behavior in criminal and violation acts. The aim of this study was to forensically analyze the influence of socio-dynamic conditions and stress in testing the forensic hypothesis of hetero-destruction, and analysis of persons with destructive behavior in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H in the period from 1996−2005. Methods. The experimental group consisted of 125 persons who had committed a crime according to the Criminal Law of B&H and, thus were under security measures or treatment. The control group consisted of 125 persons who had committed a violation. The following psychometric tests/questionnaires were used in the study: Eysenek Personality Questionnaire (EPQ, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI and Profile Index of Emotions (PIE. Results. There were a significant difference between the respondents’ groups related to gender (p < 0.01, while broken family, migration, and family comorbidity showed insignificant differences. EPQ test showed statistically significant differences between the groups for all four variables, and Beck test found significant differences only for some ones. PIE test proved the relations of the basic emotions confirmed by discriminative function. Conclusion. High level of hetero-destruction in crime was proven in the study. Criminal acts and violations were committed by the persons without psychopathology, as well as by the persons with mental diseases, which rendered a forensic responsibility and analysis of such an influence on behavior.

  9. Multicriteria flood mitigation in the Imotsko-Bekijsko Polje (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ljubenkov Igor

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Imotsko-Bekijsko Polje has an area of 9 500 ha and is one of the biggest karst fields (polje in the Dinaric Mountains, extending over the territory of two states: Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Many hydraulic structures (reservoirs, retentions, tunnels, etc. have been built since the middle of 20th century in order to protect polje against floods. Therefore, the security from flooding has increased substantially. However, there is still periodical flooding in the southeastern lowest part of the polje. The largest flood in recent times was in January 2010, when 2676 ha (28% of the area was flooded. The polje is a typical karst with very complex hydrological and hydrogeological relations. In this paper two hydrological stations, Nuga at the lowest part and Kamenmost in the central part of the polje with respectable hydrological series, are statistically analysed. In particular, the efficiency of existing hydraulic structures for flood mitigation is estimated. The research points out that floods in Imotsko-Bekijsko Polje are largely influenced by water management objects (reservoir, retention, tunnel and only indirectly by precipitation.

  10. USING ECONOMETRICS TO UNDERSTAND INCLUSION OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN THE WORKFORCE OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ensar Sehic

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Persons with disabilities have relevant working capacity. Employers who recruit those persons assume that their disabilities do not decrease organization’s productivity. Persons with disabilities can normally fit into working environment. The studies of employers’ attitude towards persons with disabilities are rare and of limited scope in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. The aim of this ultidisciplinary research is twofold: to investigate factors that may influence employment of persons with disabilities, and to examine employers’ perceptions of persons with disabilities in terms of potential employment. The research team uses a sample of 101 employers from BiH and performs the logit model maximum likelihood estimation. The results show that the size of organization, in terms of the number of employees, primarily influences the likelihood of employment of persons with disabilities. There is an inverse relationship between employment opportunities and the organization size. One possible explanation for this relationship is that large companies already recruit persons with disabilities and therefore have no additional opportunities. Other coefficients in the estimated model are not statistically significant. The research also shows that employers in BiH have a positive attitude towards persons with disabilities, but they face issues that can be resolved by government incentives.

  11. Quality control in Department of Nuclear Medicine, Clinical Center Banja Luka, RS, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complete test of publication follows. The aim of this work is to give a review of situations in the Department of Nuclear Medicine in Banja Luka related to quality control. We must perform daily, weekly and monthly control of equipment in the Department of Nuclear Medicine, and we must keep records. In our Department we have equipment from different producers and different year of production: 3 gamma cameras (1973, 1989, 2000); 2 auto gamma counters (2000, 2006); 2 dose calibrators (1973, 2000); 1 thyroid uptake system (2000). Normally procedures for quality control are also different. The situation, according to results of quality control is good. All equipment is working normally and with good performance (except one gamma camera - a problem with hard drive), but we don't have a routine daily control and periodical control for others tests. Keeping a records is another problem. Why? 1. In Bosnia and Herzegovina we don't have Regulatory authority. That means that we don't have legislation, rules, inspection or any other regulatory instruments. 2. There is only school for nurses, we have no special school for medical technician. So, we need an education in that field. 3. Very small number of physicist in hospital, no education for medical and nuclear medicine physicist. Conclusion. Situation in Department of Nuclear Medicine in Banja Luka related to quality control is on the medium level. We are trying to put that on the higher level, but to accomplish that we need additional education for nurses (technicians) and physicist.

  12. The War and Post-War Impact on the Educational System of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreso, Adila Pašalić

    2008-07-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), much like other eastern-European countries, has faced a brief period of transition from the socialist system to capitalism. However, this was interrupted in BiH by a brutal war lasting four years. Social systems and infrastructure were damaged or destroyed, including education, which was harnessed during the war to divide the country and then perpetuate these divisions. The author deals with some of the strongest and most enduring impacts that the war has had on education, which even now, more than 10 years after the war, pose a serious threat to this young country. The most obvious include the division of youth according to nationality, religion or language, the unequal positions of certain groups in education, and very clear segregation and discrimination. She points out some of the most frequent and overt ways in which intolerance towards other nationalities is displayed through textbooks, especially those used in parts of BiH subject to a struggle for independence during the war.

  13. RANKING OF TOURIST DESTINATIONS WITH MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MAKING METHODS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ali Göksu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Developments in communication and transportation technology have increased access to formerly distant destinations in an unprecedented way. Tourist centers develop new strategies to increase their share in this growing market. Travel agencies put up advertisements to keep their present customers and attract the new ones. Because customers have a wide array of alternatives to choose from, appropriate strategies should be developed to persuade customers during their decision - making process. In this study, six tourist centers in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH were analyzed according to the criteria used by customers as they decide on their vacation destinations. The data were collected from four travel agencies by means of focus group interviews. The interview data were analyzed with Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS, which are methods of multi-criteria decision making (MCDM. The criteria used in the study were determined by the teams in the agencies that were the experts in the local conditions of the country. The aim of the study was to extract the main criteria that influence tourists to visit BiH and provide a ranking of tourist destinations in terms of popularity.

  14. Marital quality and relationship satisfaction in war veterans and their wives in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Miro Klaric

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD in war veterans and its complex emotional and behavioral characteristics affect veterans’ partners and the quality of their relationships. Although most research focuses on the effects of veterans’ PTSD on their partners/wives and their relationships, not many findings have been established on partner adjustment and marriage quality when wives suffer from PTSD as well.The aim of the research was to examine the relationship between war-related posttraumatic stress symptoms and partner's marital satisfaction in couples where one or both partners suffer from PTSD.The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and Dyadic Adjustment Scale encompassed 154 war veterans and their wives who had been treated at Mostar Clinical Hospital in Bosnia and Herzegovina for combat-related PTSD as well as 77 veterans who did not suffer from PTSD and their wives.Veterans’ PTSD is related to lower levels of marital adjustment of their wives. Marital adjustment was significantly lower in couples where both partners had PTSD compared with couples where only the veteran had PTSD or neither partner had PTSD. Female partner's marital adjustment is best explained by his avoidance symptoms and her own level of depressiveness and re-experiencing symptoms.The results highlight the importance of recognizing PTSD in wives of traumatized veterans as well as the importance of family approach in the treatment of PTSD.For the abstract or full text in other languages, please see Supplementary files under Reading Tools online

  15. Environmental risks of farmed and barren alkaline coal ash landfills in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dellantonio, A.; Fitz, W.J.; Custovic, H.; Repmann, F.; Schneider, B.U.; Grunewald, H.; Gruber, V.; Zgorelec, Z.; Zerem, N.; Carter, C.; Markovic, M.; Puschenreiter, M.; Wenzel, W.W. [University for Natural Resources & Applied Life Science, Vienna (Austria)

    2008-06-15

    The disposal of coal combustion residues (CCR) has led to a significant consumption of land in the West Balkan region. In Tuzla (Bosnia and Herzegovina) we studied previously soil-covered (farmed) and barren CCR landfills including management practises, field ageing of CCR and the transfer of trace elements into crops, wild plants and wastewaters. Soil tillage resulted in mixing of cover soil with CCR. Medicago sativa showed very low Cu:Mo ratios (1.25) which may cause hypocuprosis in ruminants. Total loads of inorganic pollutants in the CCR transport water, but not pH (similar to 12), were below regulatory limits of most EU countries. Arsenic concentrations in CCR transport water were < 2 {mu} g l{sup -1} whereas reductive conditions in an abandoned landfill significantly enhanced concentrations in leachates (44 {mu} g l{sup -1}). The opposite pattern was found for Cr likely due to large initial leaching of CrVI. Public use of landfills, including farming, should be based on a prior risk assessment due to the heterogeneity of CCR.

  16. Specifics of Risk Management in Islamic Finance and Banking, with Emphasis on Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Emira KOZAREVIC

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The ever increasing globalization of financial institutions’ business activities and liberalization of capital markets inevitably lead to the increase in both diversity and intensity of the institutions’ types of risk. Risk management is of the essential importance to the institutions, especially banks, because of the fact that their risky activities are the source of creating wealth for their stockholders. In terms of Islamic banking, risk management is still not sufficiently developed. Certain specific qualities in risk management in Islamic banks emerge due to a special way in which they run the business. Nowadays, Islamic banks mainly use conventional products for risk management, adopting them to their business in accordance to the Shari’ah. Regarding the Islamic finance and banking in Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is still based on the activities of the bank that, although being a “hybrid” Islamic bank, is the only Islamic bank on the territory of South-Eastern Europe. This paper surveys the specifics of its risk management.

  17. BARRIERS IN MULTICULTURAL BUSINESS COMMUNICATION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SLOVENIA AND BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ana Barić

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Companies that work in multicultural environments face several challenges in their everyday business life. In this article we focus on the communication aspect of working in multicultural business environments. We test the hypothesis that companies that work in multicultural environments are subject to communication barriers due to different cultural backgrounds of people that engage in these types of communication. We test the hypothesis through a case study of two companies, one from Bosnia and Herzegovina and one from Slovenia, that engage in mutual multicultural communication. Through an in-depth interview with the project manager who takes part in this communication every day and a survey with the employees, we identify and analyse the communication barriers that the employees perceive as relevant to their business processes. We overcome these barriers through the application of the fruitful intercultural business communication model. The main contribution of this work lies in demonstrating the applicability of this model to practical cases and the demonstration of the fact that cultural barriers can exist and inhibit successful business even in environments in close sociocultural and geographic proximity.

  18. Virgin Status Assessment of Plješevica Forest in Bosnia - Herzegovina

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    Ćemal VISNJIC

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Virgin forests are relatively rare in the European temperate zone. This is due to the continuous use of forest historically and to increasinghigh population densities. Virgin forests are forest where the structure and dynamics have developed entirely under natural conditions,without any human interference or influence. This article assesses the Plješevica forest in Bosnia Herzegovina to establish whether it canbe classified as virgin forest. The structure and components of the forest were assessed in a 1 ha sample plot and four 400m2 quadrats. Thevalues of the biodiversity indexes (as defined by Shannon and Weaver, Krebs and Meyer, species richness and evenness, the distributionof the different stand development stages and the proportion of dead wood lead to the conclusion that Plješevica forest presents a set ofstructural and dynamic characteristics close to the ones typical for virgin forests in Europe, so in order to maintain its status as such, in themeantime it should undergo a protection management programme.

  19. SERVICE USER INVOLVEMENT IN SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE, EDUCATION AND RESEARCH IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

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    Sanela Čekić Bašić

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the fact that the social work profession is considered to be a profession “promoting ... empowerment and liberation of individuals in order to attain greater level of well-being“, the inclusion of the user perspective is a relatively new and still much debated phenomenon. Having in mind that the involvement of service users as experience experts in social work practice, education and research is a very demanding and complex process, the paper analyses a number of challenges faced by social workers, teachers and researchers in their everyday work due to the requirement of inclusion of the service user perspective. The idea of service user involvement in planning, execution and evaluation of curricular contents is a quite recent one in Bosnia and Herzegovina since the social work education reflects the idea on professionals (social workers, teachers or researchers as ultimate knowledge holders. The author defines two categories of factors obstructing the service user involvement in the education and research process: one is related to education institutions and the other to service users, i.e. their organizations, and discusses necessary prerequisites for stronger connections between institutions (departments of social work, practice and service users.

  20. Levels of natural radioactivity in mineral and thermal waters of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Kasić Amela

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available With gamma spectrometric method 23 samples of mineral and thermal waters of Bosnia and Herzegovina were analyzed. Activity concentrations of the investigated radionuclides were in the range 12–346 mBq·L−1 for 40K, 1.1–791 mBq·L−1 for 226Ra, 0.2–221 mBq·L−1 for 228Ra, 13–367 mBq·L−1 for 238U, and 0.6–17 mBq·L−1 for 235U. For all investigated radionuclides annual effective dose was estimated. The estimated total annual committed effective dose received by population as a result of ingestion of water was in the range 0.11–2.51 μSv·y−1 for thermal water and in the range 0.11–38.8 μSv·y−1 for mineral water. Measurement of activity concentrations of natural radionuclides in the examined samples was carried out with a gamma-spectrometer with high-purity germanium (HPGe detector, having a relative efficiency of 70%.

  1. Sustainable energy and development in disadvantaged communities: New approaches from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, and Slovakia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Legro, Susan [Eco Ltd (Czech Republic)

    2007-07-01

    This paper examines two community projects implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The first, Promoting Access to Energy Services to Foster Integration and Human Development for Disadvantaged Communities in Hungary and Slovakia with a Special Focus on the Roma, built on regional development work with isolated communities without reliable access to heat and electricity. The second, Energy Efficiency in Housing in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), focused on a network of communities where rebuilding was underway following the Balkans conflict. While the projects took place in different environments, both shared common approaches. First, they focused on community energy planning in areas where infrastructure was severely deficient. Planning was designed so that current investments in building stock would not have to be retrofitted later for efficiency. Second, they linked energy agencies and NGOs with institutions outside of the energy/environment community, such as the National Minority Self Government in Hungary and the Ministry of Refugees in BiH . The projects thus leveraged funds and expertise from new sources while raising awareness of sustainable energy issues in organizations already funding infrastructure.While time and funding were limited by the terms of the grants, both projects established a foundation of information, planning, and partnerships. Both projects included baseline energy studies, training workshops, and practical guides for local leaders. In addition, there were tangible community benefits in education (reliable heat supply for a new kindergarten), jobs creation (wood-chipping in a municipal forest), and business development (contracts for efficient construction)

  2. Acute tonsillopharyngitis in a family practice in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budimir, Danijela; Curić, Ivo; Curić, Snjezana

    2009-03-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of acute tonsillopharyngitis diagnosis and treatment in the family care physicians in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. All patients diagnosed with acute tonsillopharyngitis in the Center of Family Medicine in Mostar in 2005 and 2006 were included in this study. Data were collected from medical records, including age and sex, month in which they visited their physician, symptoms and signs that they had (McIsaac's clinical score was calculated accordingly) and treatment. Results showed that there were no gender differences regarding diagnosis. Mean age was 32.6 +/- 16.9 years. The most patients were recorded during the January-March period. Total of 65.6% patients received antibiotic treatment. Phenoxymethylpenicillin, considered as the recommended antibiotic was used in 46.3% cases only. In conclusion, this first critical assessment of the existing family practice records on treating patients with tonsillopharyngitis suggested that physicians have to be more critical when treating patients with this diagnosis and that the knowledge and treatment of patients with pharyngitis need to be continuously improved in general medical practice. PMID:19408639

  3. Analysis of Carbon Dioxide Variations in the Atmosphere of Srednja Bijambarska Cave, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milanolo, Simone; Gabrovšek, Franci

    2009-06-01

    The results of one year’s monitoring in Srednja Bijambarska Cave (Bosnia and Herzegovina) are presented and discussed. Temporal variations of the carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration are controlled by the switching between two ventilation regimes driven by outside temperature changes. A regression model with a simple perfectly mixed volume applied to a cave sector (“Music hall”) resulted in an estimate of ventilation rates between 0.02 h-1 and 0.54 h-1. Carbon dioxide input per plan surface unit is estimated by the model at around 50 × 10-6 mh-1 during the winter season and up to more than 1000 × 10-6 mh-1 during the first temperature falls at the end of summer (0.62 μmoles m-2 s-1 and 12.40 μmoles m-2 s-1 for normal conditions respectively). These values have been found to be related to the cave ventilation rate and dependent on the availability of CO2 in the surrounding environment. For airflow close to zero the values of CO2 input per plan surface have a range in the order of magnitude of a few units × 10-6 mh-1. Based on two experiments, the anthropogenic contribution from cave visitors has been calculated, at between 0.35 lCO2 min-1 person-1 and 0.45 lCO2min-1person-1.

  4. The Relation of Students’ Choice of Private Higher Education and Marketing Strategies in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ozbal Okai

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Severe market conditions and advancing technology demand a well-planned and a strategic marketing approach in all sectors as well as in education sector. This study examined the relationship between the students’ choice and the marketing strategies of private higher education (HE in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH. To perceive this relation, we chose one of the private universities in Sarajevo. The study is based on a student survey which employed a questionnaire of 55 questions under 4 sub-groups and was done by 146 students. The first step of the questionnaire was determining the motives of the students to attend a private HE institution. The next part was to investigate the information sources of the students. These two steps followed the understanding of the evaluation criteria and the decision process of the students. Finally, the survey was concluded with the post enrollment observations of the students. The data obtained analyzed by SPSS software. The results revealed a strong consistency. The students were willing to have quality education and improve themselves via HE. They were using internet as a prior information source but would not make a final decision without parents’ confirmation. The overall satisfaction of the students showed that our subject university communicates with the target groups efficiently and enjoys the benefits of positive ‘word of mouth’ marketing. Finally, we addressed the marketing strategies that we reaped throughout the study to suggest a course of action to private HEIs in the conclusion part.

  5. An Evaluation of Micro-Credit Programs in Bosnia and Herzegovina Using Porter’s Diamond Model

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    Mohammad HAMAD

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The effective design and delivery of a microcredit program is difficult under any circumstance. Similarly, the task of microcredit institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina that provide financial stability to its most impoverished members is very much complicated. The purpose of this paper is to explore competitive advantages that microcredit industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina has by using Porter's diamond model. The demonstration of the Diamond Model is used to explain the competitive advantage that the microcredit industry has in Bosnia and Herzegovina. To analyze the competitive advantages, secondary data were used from various institutional and governmental resources .The findings reflect that the meaningful objectives were set out by microcredit institutions in the country including objectively verifiable indicators of achievements. Among peers in Kosovo and in other Balkan regions (Albania, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, as well as peers similar in size and market outreach from Eastern Europe and Central Asia (ECA, the Bosnian microcredit institutions are some of the most highly leveraged. There is a clear upward trend in the median indicator for portfolio at risk between 2006 and 2008. The inflationary pressures that started at the end of 2007 in BH as well as the repercussions of the global 2008/2009 financial crisis have affected the repayment capacity of clients. From a policy perspective, the results suggest that in order to improve efficiency in the microcredit sector, and in the financial sector as a whole, a unified banking agency for the country must be established. Despite being hopeful for future, this doesn't seem likely to happen until the Bosnian Constitution is amended sometime in the future.

  6. RESPONSE OF SOYBEANS AND WHEAT TO PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION ON CALCAREOUS ALLUVIAL SOIL OF SAVA VALLEY AREA IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    JOVIC, Jurica; Antunovic, Manda; Rastija, Mirta; Varga, Ivana

    2015-01-01

    The stationary field experiment of increasing rates of phosphorus (P) fertilization started in spring 2011 on calcareous alluvial soil of Posavian Canton in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). The level of plant available P was found to be low by previous soil tests carried on with ammonium-lactate-method (7.06 pH in 1 M KCl; 4.17% organic matter; 3.79% CaCO3; 5.4 mg P2O5 in 100 g of soil). Five rates of P fertilizers (monoammonium phosphate: 13% N + 53 % P2O5) were applied as fol...

  7. Devonian conodonts from the Foča–Prača Paleozoic complex (Durmitor Nappe, southeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Bogdan Jurkovšek

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Conodont study of the Crna Rijeka borehole CR-17, positioned in the frontal part of the Durmitor Nappe (Foča – Prača Paleozoic complex, SE Bosnia and Herzegovina is presented. The obtained fauna indicates an Early-Middle Devonian age and due to poor preservation an identification at a generic level is possible only. The recovered conodont elements have a high Color Alteration Index (CAI = 6,5–7 indicating a degree of metamorphism corresponding to a temperature interval from 440 °C to 720 °C.

  8. The ecological aspect of ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology of population in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redzić, Sulejman S

    2007-09-01

    This paper contains first systematical revision of the results on traditional use of wild medicinal and aromatic herbs on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H)--west of Balkan Peninsula; Southeast of Europe. There have been detected 227 plants belonging to 71 different plant families, which are being used with ethno therapeutic purpose. Results were obtained by method of open ethno botanical interview which comprised 150 persons, whose average age was 63. Medicinal plants in ethno therapy are being used either in fresh, raw or dried condition. Different herbal parts, depending on period of vegetation season, sometimes even in winter, are basis for preparation of infusions (59%), decoct (19%), tinctures (4%). Especially original are balms known as Bosnian "mehlems", which are fresh cuted herbal parts mixed with lukewarm resin, raw cow butter or honey. In ethno therapy are mostly being used aerial plant organs. Majority of herbs is being used for treatment of illnesses of respiratory (22%), gastrointestinal (19%) and urinary and genital system (9%), for treatment of skin conditions (11%), as well as for nervous system and heart diseases (16%). The most original plants on the field of ethno pharmacology, comparing with ethno therapy practice of other regions, are as follows: Ballota nigra, Aesculus hippocastanum, Calluna vulgaris, Centaurea cyanus, Euphrasia rostkoviana, Geranium robertianum, Gentiana asclepiadea, Helichrysum italicum, Lycopodium clavatum, Marrubium vulgare, Nepeta cataria, Populus tremula, Ruta graveolens, Tamus communis, Teucrium montanum, T. chamaedrys, and endemic plants Gentiana lutea subsp. symphyandra, Teucrium arduini, Micromeria thymifolia, Satureja montana, S. subspicata, Rhamnus fallax and Viola elegantula. There haven't been noticed significant differences in the frequencies of medicinal plants use among different ethnical groups. But, it has been perceived that longer ethno therapeutic tradition possess inhabitants of sub- and

  9. Qualitative analysis of coal combusted in boilers of the thermal power plants in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Đurić Slavko N.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we have looked into the qualitative analysis of coals in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B-H. The analysis includes the following characteristics: moisture (W, ash (A, combustible matter (Vg and lower heating value (Hd. From the statistic parameters we have determined: absolute range (R, arithmetic mean (X, standard deviation (S and variations coefficient (Cv. It has been shown that the coal characteristics (W, A, Vg, Hd have normal distribution. The analysis show that there are considerable deviations of ash characteristics: moisture (36.23%, ash (34.21%, combustible matter (16.15% and lower heating value (25.16% from the mean value which is shown by the variations coefficient (Cv. Large oscilations of mass portions: W, A, Vg and Hd around the mean value can adversely influence the function of a boiler plant and an electric filter plant in thermal power plants in B-H in which the mentioned types of coal burn. Large ash oscilations (34.21% around the mean value point out to the inability of application of dry procedures of desulphurisation of smoke gasses (FGD due to the additional quantity of ash. It has been shown that the characteristics of Bosnian types of coal do not deviate a lot from the characteristics of coal in the surrounding countries (coals of Serbia and Monte Negro. The results can be used in analysis of coal combustion in thermal power plants, optimisation of electrical-filtre, reduction of SO2 in smoke gas and other practical problems.

  10. Atmospheric Pollutants Monitoring by Analysis of Epiphytic Lichen Hypogymnia physodes in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Memić, M.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The ability of lichens to accumulate levels of elements in excess of physiological requirements in close correlation with atmospheric elemental levels has led to their wide-scale application as practical biomonitors of inorganic atmospheric contamination. The advantages of using lichens over conventional air sampling techniques are that lichens are perennial and can be found in most terrestrial habitats. The epiphytic lichen Hypogymnia physodes was used to monitor atmospheric pollution in the Sarajevo city region, Bosnia and Herzegovina. H. physodes is a very common epiphytic lichen on trees with a slightly acidic or neutral bark. An inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS has been used for the determination of 14 elements (Al, Ba, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Rb, Sr and Zn in lichen samples from five locations in the Sarajevo area. Achieved results have been compared with literary data from northwestern countries of Europe and Slovenia.A detailed analysis of air pollution with toxic metals and other elements has not yet been made in the area of Sarajevo. So far, analyses of the air quality in Sarajevo have been based on determining the fraction of: SO2, NOx, CO2, CO, O3, smoke, PM 10. This motivated us (especially after the war 1992-1995 to conduct multi-elemental analyses of epiphytic lichen Hypogymnia physodes.The results show that the mass fraction of Cr, Pb and Zn in our samples significantly differ from data on the fraction of these elements in samples of lichen in Northwestern European countries.

  11. Seasonal and regional variations of the iodine content in milk from Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Ćazim Crnkić

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the iodine concentrations in raw cow’s milk produced in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H and to evaluate the milk iodine contribution to the iodine intake in the B&H population. Milk samples (n=139 were taken from five regions during the spring, summer and winter season. Iodine concentrations were determined by the inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS method. The mean (± standard deviation milk iodine concentration was 60.9±67.5 μg/kg and ranged from 4.4 to 378.7 μg/kg. Winter milk had higher iodine content (84.0±88.2 μg/kg than the spring (45.3±46.7 μg/kg and summer milk (51.3±51.0 μg/kg, although two of five investigated regions did not follow this tendency and had the similar milk iodine content in all three seasons. Very low iodine concentrations (<20 μg/kg were found in 41 milk samples from four regions indicating extensive iodine deficiency in dairy cows. Milk samples from the north-east of the country had much more iodine than samples from other regions in all seasons with no values below 20 μg/kg. With the current average intake of 0.4 L milk per day, the milk contributes with 20 % of the recommended iodine intake for humans, ranging from 6 % to 72 % depending on the season of the year and the region of the country. The results indicate the need for iodine supplementation of animal diets, as well as for increased milk consumption in human population.

  12. Cochrane and its prospects in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Relying on Cochrane Croatia

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    Mersiha Mahmić-Kaknjo

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article we describe Cochrane and its products: Cochrane systematic reviews (CSRs and other Cochrane evidence. Cochrane is a unique, international, non-profit organisation that offers health care providers, health care consumers and other decision makers unbiased and highly reliable information on health, which is pivotal for conscientious and responsible decision making in overall healthcare. Cochrane offers the highest ranked evidence in Evidence Based Medicine (EBM – systematic reviews. Currently, CSRs are freely available in BH, and therefore, they ought to be widely used, and understood. We will present the new Cochrane Strategy to 2020, which was the main topic of the 6th Croatian Cochrane Symposium (CroCoS, as well as explore prospects for spreading Cochrane activities to Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH, through collaboration with Cochrane Croatia. BH has no officially organized Cochrane activity, as yet. We hope that this article will raise awareness about Cochrane in BH, help promote its activities, and deepen the existing collaboration with Cochrane Croatia. There are already some changes being introduced concerning Cochrane – at least, in one half, the Federation of BH (FBH. Two documents symbolising official recognition of policy changes towards Cochrane have recently been published in the Official Gazette of FBH. Conclusion. Since founding a BH Cochrane Branch would be costly and difficult to achieve in a complicated environment, such as the one we have, BH could use the good will, experience, knowledge, and translated educational, training and web materials of Cochrane Croatia, particularly given the language similarities, to promote evidence based medicine in BH.

  13. Intrafamilial Transmission of Hepatitis B: Experience and Lessons Learned in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nermin N. Salkic

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV infection varies markedly throughout the world, ranging from 0.1% to 20%, hence the conceptual division into zones of low ( 8% endemicity. It is widely accepted that in regions of high endemicity, infection in the neonatal and early-childhood periods is very frequent, and apparently 70% to 90% of the population in highly endemic areas is exposed to HBV before reaching 40 years of age (1. On the other hand, in low-endemicity areas, neonatal and early-childhood infection are rare or sporadic. The situation becomes quite interesting in areas of intermediate endemicity, in which the age of infection and dominant routes of transmission vary from region to region and depend on regional characteristics (2. .Family members and household contacts of HBV carriers are a well recognized risk group for HBV transmission, and the routes of intrafamilial spread of HBV infection have been investigated since the very beginning of HBV research (3, 4. Investigation of intrafamilial transmission in a particular region usually reveals valuable information about the routes of HBV spread in general, and many researchers from several distinct geographic areas have explored the problem and described local peculiarities (5-12..Hepatitis B in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Prior to 2007, exact data on HBV prevalence in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H did not exist; the only data we had came from the World Health Organization's (WHO estimate, calculated as a simple average of prevalence in neighboring countries. Also, we did not know anything about the dominant routes of HBV transmission in our country, nor did we know anything about intrafamilial transmission of HBV. Still, this lack of reliable information was not unusual. As a country just coming out of a horrible war, with massive population migration and with the society's resources directed toward restoration of everything that was destroyed, we had a challenging setting for any

  14. Transition from paternalism to shared decision making – a review of the educational environment in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia

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    Marta Vučemilović

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article we will review the benefits of a system built on partnership of physicians and their patients, highlight some of the factors which impede this transition, and propose ways to address these factors. Also, we are going to analyze the educational environment in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia concerning ethics and communication skills. Personal responsibility of patients for their health should be reflected in their joint involvement in health decisions with their physicians. Patients, insecure about their individual competence surrounding their health decisions, tend to shy away from responsibility, whereas physicians, pressured by the responsibilities of the profession, do not always show sensitivity to all of the patient’s concerns. They often treat illnesses instead of patients. A more open and collaborative relationship between the patient and the physician through shared decision making would be a better alternative. In the end, the patient ultimately decides whether a health intervention was satisfactory in fulfilling his or her specific needs. Transition from a paternalistic to a mutual relationship between doctors and patients has already begun. In an era of intense information sharing, shared decision making is a sensitive, ethical, legal, and political concept which needs empathic doctors with well-developed communication skills to integrate their clinical knowledge with patient-centered care. Conclusion. Transition from paternalistic to partner relation between physicians and patients is moving slowly ahead in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Educational environment is improving but needs intense efforts to develop further.

  15. The prevalence and severity of early childhood caries in preschool children in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Lejla Šačić

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this study was to assess caries prevalence and severity in preschool children in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, the relationship between the frequency and clinical types of early childhood caries and behavioral factors, oral hygiene and eating habits were assessed. Subjects and methods. An oral health survey was performed in line with the World Health Organization methodology and criteria. The research consisted of clinical examinations of children to determine dentition status, oral hygiene and severity of caries distribution according to Wyne’s classification. Information about behavioral factors was collected by means of a questionnaire administered to parents/guardians. Results. The sample consisted of a total of 165 preschool children aged 3-5 years. Mean dmft (decay, missing, filled teeth index for primary dentition was 6.79. The percentage of caries-free children was 17.0%. The results showed a statistically significant correlation between oral hygiene and eating habits, and also the frequency and types of early childhood caries. Conclusion. The present study demonstrates high caries prevalence in preschool children in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Community based preventive programs should be developed and urgently implemented, in order to achieve the WHO goals, improve oral and general health, thus improving the quality of life of these populations.

  16. Bosnia and Herzegovina: The National Report on Implementing the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bosnia and Herzegovina has made a political commitment with regard to the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources and the Supplementary Guidance on the Import and Export of Radioactive Sources. The State Regulatory Agency for Radiation and Nuclear Safety (SRARNS) is established as the effectively independent regulatory body for radiation and nuclear safety based on the Law on Radiation and Nuclear Safety promulgated in November 2007. Law is compatible with relevant IAEA Safety Standards and Guides for safety and security of radioactive sources. After its complete reorganization in the last few years, the regulatory system reflects the international standards, including most of the requirements of the Code of Conduct and supplementary guidance. The report gives a brief overview of the new regulatory framework in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with special focus on functions and competences of the implementing authority, basic principles of the licensing, inspection and enforcement procedures. The report also includes an overview of the state registry of radioactive sources and the system of prevention and management of orphan sources

  17. 1941 Resolutions of El-Hidaje in Bosnia and Herzegovina as a Case of Traditional Conflict Transformation

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    Onder Cetin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available During the Second World War, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under the authority of the Independent State of Crotia (NDH. The ruling Ustaa leadership of Ante Paveli\tcommitted haunting atrocities, especially towards Serb and Jewish population, aimed to "cleanse" the region. Despite the relative privileges that were granted to them by the Ustaa leaders, who treated Bosnian Muslims as Muslims of Croat nation, this article will present how Muslim ulama, convened under the framework of el-Hidaje Ilmijje organization, protested the atrocities committed towards both Muslims and the aforementioned victims of NDH, mainly through Resolutions circulated in several cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1941. I will argue that, these resolutions does not only represent an act of tolerance, such as Reis-ul-ulema Demaludin auevi\t`s initiatives during the anti-Serb riots after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914, but also represent important clues and prospects how a religious organization can include in peacemaking in terms of conflict transformation at the grass root level, such as publicly condemning believers on their side who took part in these events and taking a stance vis-à-vis state bodies in times of crisis.

  18. 1941 Resolutions of El-Hidaje in Bosnia and Herzegovina as a Case of Traditional Conflict Transformation

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    Onder Cetin

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available During the Second World War, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under the authority of the Independent State of Crotia (NDH. The ruling Ustaa leadership of Ante Paveli committed haunting atrocities, especially towards Serb and Jewish population, aimed to “cleanse” the region. Despite the relative privileges that were granted to them by the Ustaa leaders, who treated Bosnian Muslims as Muslims of Croat nation, this article will present how Muslim ulama, convened under the framework of el-Hidaje Ilmijje organization, protested the atrocities committed towards both Muslims and the aforementioned victims of NDH, mainly through Resolutions circulated in several cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1941. I will argue that, these resolutions does not only represent an act of tolerance, such as Reis-ul-ulema Demaludin auevi\t`s initiatives during the anti-Serb riots after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914, but also represent important clues and prospects how a religious organization can include in peacemaking in terms of conflict transformation at the grass root level, such as publicly condemning believers on their side who took part in these events and taking a stance vis-à-vis state bodies in times of crisis.

  19. Topografski znaci na katastarskim planovima austro - ugarskog premjera Bosne i Hercegovine : Topographical symbols on cadastral plans of the austro-hungarian survey of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Kemal Arnautović

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Austro-Ugarska Monarhija je izvršila katastarski premjer Bosne i Hercegovine u periodu od 1880-1884. godine. Izrađeni su katastarski planovi u razmjerama: 1: 6 250, 1:3 125, 1:1 562.5 i 1:781.25 koji se i danas koriste za održavanje zemljišne knjige. Za pravila premjera korištena je Instrukcija za katastarski premjer Bosne i Hercegovine iz 1880. god. (Instruction für die Katastral-Vermessung Bosnien und Herzegovina. Na planovima su korišteni topografski znaci iz priloga Instrukcije: ZEICHENMUSTER-PREDLOŽAK OZNAKA, koji su prevedeni sa njemačkog jezika. Originali katastarskih planova čuvaju se u Bečkom arhivu, a katastarske uprave Bosne i Hercegovine su dobile na korištenje litografsku kopiju u crno-bijeloj boji. Primjerci litografskih kopija za cijelu Bosnu i Hercegovinu sačuvani su u arhivi bivše Geodetske uprave Bosne i Hercegovine i konačno su preuzeti u Arhiv Bosne i Herecegovine. : Austro-Hungarian Monarchy conducted a cadastral survey of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period from 1880 to 1884. Cadastral maps at 1:6 250, 1:3 125, 1:1 562.5 and 1:781.25 scales were made that are used for land books maintenance even at present. The Instructions for the Cadastral Survey of Bosnia and Herzegovina of 1880 (Instruction für die Katastral-Vermessung Bosnien und Herzegovina 1880 were used as the survey rules. Topographic symbols used on the maps were taken from the Annex to the Instructions: SAMPLES of SYMBOLS (ZEICHENMUSTER that have been translated from German. Original cadastre maps are kept in the Archives of Vienna, while different cadastre administrations of Bosnia and Herzegovina received black and white lithographic copies. Samples of lithographic copies for the whole of Bosnia and Herzegovina were kept in the archives of the former Geodetic Administration of Bosnia and Herzegovina and have finally been taken over by the Archives of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  20. FISH HATCHERY IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF BOSANSKA KRUPA IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA: A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PILOT PROJECT

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    N. Ajanovic

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The Norwegian Government financed the project GCP/BIH/003/NOR “Support to Income Generation through establishment of a Fish Hatchery in Bosnia and Herzegovina”, worth one million US dollars, that includes the construction of a fish hatchery on the banks of the River Krusnica in order to create jobs and incomes for people living with disability in Bosanska Krupa. The hatchery is dedicated to producing local strains of brown trout (Salmo trutta m. fario, grayling (Thymallus thymallus and Danube salmon (Hucho hucho for re–stocking the natural waters of the Krusnica/Una River catchments (and larger Bosnia and Herzegovina and Danube basin, support the rehabilitation of fish populations and to help revitalize local tourism. The Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (REU of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO, based in Budapest, Hungary implements the project in close collaboration with the Sport Fishermen’s Association of Krusnica, which currently has 351 members. A fish hatchery, a pilot Recirculation Aquaculture System (RAS in the valley of the River Krusnica, is the first of its kind in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is suitable for production of 250,000 to 450,000 fingerlings annually. Five war invalids are employed at the hatchery continuously since fish production began in November of 2008. The production technology learned by the staff abroad was adapted to the local conditions. The hatchery is expected to be self–sustainable in its operation from sale of fingerlings. Since the hatchery activity has received wider publicity, anglers’ interest in the River Krusnica and River Una has increased. Further increase in the number of visitors is expected after restocking the fish into the river, since the bigger fish populations will attract more and more anglers.

  1. Investigation of Adsorbed Gases Content in Coal Beds in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Sadadinovic, J.

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Investigation of the gas fraction in coal beds in Bosnia & Herzegovina has been performed systematically since 1988. Gas in coal beds can be present in free or adsorbed form, and dissolved in water. Methods of investigation are based on the direct approach, according to which the gas fraction is determined in the undisturbed coal bed.The quantity of the adsorbed and free gas in the coal bed is directly proportional to the gas pressure. Dependence is hyperbolic. The quantity of the free gas in mining conditions is being determined by measurement of the desorption index (Δp2. The desorption index for the Srednjobosanski coal basin ranges to 1571 Pa, and the free gas pressure in this coal basin amounts up to 3.75 MPa. The desorption index for coal beds in “Kreka” and “Banoviće” coal basins has negative values, which means that the free gas fraction within the coal beds is negligible, while separation of adsorbed gases is diffuse. The free gas pressure in the mentioned coal basins is below 0.1 MPa. Adsorbed gases within the coal are connected by physical adsorption according to Langmuir’s isothermal adsorption curve. Langmuir’s quantities, for coal bed conditions, ranges as follows: am from 0.826 to 9.52 m3 t–1 pcs, and b from 6.65 10–3 to 0.247 MPa–1. Adsorbed gas within Miocene coal beds contains methane in amounts of 1.49 m3 t–1 čus CH4 andcarbon(IVoxide in amounts of 0.15 m3 t–1 čus CO2. Adsorbed gas within Pliocene coal beds, without methane, dominant is content of carbon(IVoxide.The investigation of the gas content in coal beds of BiH conducted in this article reveal that the coal beds primarily contain methane, while others hydrocarbons such as ethane, ethene, propane, propene and butane are present sporadically in fraction below φ/10–6. Based on the investigation results conducted in this article, simple mathematical forms were obtained for quick calculation of the free gas quantity by measurement of the

  2. Petrographic and EMP study of metamorphic rocks from the Variscan basement of Dinarides (Vranica Mountains, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Vranica Mountains are located in the middle part of Bosnia and Herzegovina or in the southeastern part of the Mid - Bosnian schist Mountains (MBSM). The Mid - Bosnian schist Mountains represent one of the largest allochtonous Paleozoic terranes in the Dinarides. This region is characterized by a multistage geodynamic evolution. The presented results concern Variscan metamorphism of the Silur-Devonian protolith formations that occurred mainly during the Early Carboniferous in LT/MP greenschist facies. Petrographical description of metamorphic rocks is completed by EMPA of muscovite, chlorite and chloritoid. The Early Alpine metamorphic overprint is related to the closure of a Tethyan Basin and Early Cretaceous collision of the Adria microplate with the Tissia-Moesia continental Blocks. The Neo-Alpine metamorphic overprint occurred due to the collision of the African and Euroasian Plates. (authors)

  3. Active avian influenza surveillance in backyard poultry population in federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina during 2008-2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Following the case of avian influenza that occurred in Bosnia and Herzegovina in February 2006, the Federation Ministry of Agriculture Water Management and Forestry and FAO in cooperation with BiH NRL for Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease and veterinary authorities promoted, founded and implemented a Federation-wide surveillance programme. The main objectives of the surveillance effort were to identify if there are avian influenza viruses (AIV) circulating in backyard poultry flocks and to determine their actual prevalence in the same population. Over 5 months (December 2008 to April 2009), 3.556 cloacal swabs and 296 blood samples were collected from more than 100 households. Out of total number of samples only 5 were positive on ELISA test but they have not been confirmed with rT-PCR or embrionated SAN eggs. (author)

  4. Conflicts Between Forestry and Wood-Processing Industry in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Reasons, Actors and Possible Solutions

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    Bruno Marić

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: Caused by appearance of new stakeholders and diversification of their interests towards forests, different forest-related conflicts emerged worldwide. As a country with economy in transition and relatively young democracy, Bosnia-Herzegovina might be suitable for understanding the roots, actors and varieties of these conflicts. This paper deals with the most frequent forest-related conflicts, main actors involved as well as undertaken actions in order to manage them in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Material and Methods: The theoretical framework is based on the Conflict Management Progress Triangle consisting of three dimensions of conflict: substance, process and relations. As particular focus in this paper is given to conflicts between forestry and wood-processing industry, the primary parties in this study were public forestry companies and wood processing companies. For the purpose of this survey a special questionnaire has been designed. The survey population included the most important actors of forest and wood-processing industry as follows: ministries of forestry, nature protection and physical planning at all levels, managers/owners of wood-processing companies, managers of public forest companies and public forest administration, representatives of the most important environmental NGOs and professional associations, managers of protected areas and water management authorities, heads of forest research institutions, economy of chambers and international institutions. In total 136 questionnaires were collected, out of which 68 respondents identified conflicts between forestry and wood-processing industry as the most important ones. Results and Conclusion: The numerical (tabulated yield table of normative nature presents data given to six yield classes (base age: 25 years including the most important stand structural and yield features expressing in terms of main stand, removing stand (which can be removed in tending

  5. Characteristics of chickenpox in children and adults at a tertiary health center in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina

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    Rusmir Baljic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Chickenpox is very contagious childhood disease, which occurs due to varicella-zoster virus (VZV primaryinfection. Disease in healthy children resolves usually without complications, but risk of complication is much higherin adults and immunocompromised hosts. The goal of this study was to determine different clinical and epidemiologicalcharacteristics, laboratory features, clinical course, and outcome of chickenpox in children and adults.Material and methods: The descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Infectious Diseases, Clinical Centerin Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina. The study included 120 patients chosen randomly. We compared their clinical andepidemiological characteristics, laboratory investigations, complications and the outcome of the disease.Results: Age of patients was in range from one to 48 years. Male patients prevailed in both groups (65% in adults,52% in children. Hospitalization rate was 10.7/100,000 inhabitants. Positive contact with chickenpox was confirmed in80% adults and 82% children. Dominating symptoms were fever, rash and muscle aches. Levels of C-reactive protein,erythrocyte sedimentation rates (ESR and fibrinogen levels were elevated in both groups, while thrombocytopenia waspresented in 33% of adults and 3% of children. Adults had complications in 83.3% and their hospitalization rate waslonger compared to children (11.5 days vs. 9.5 days, p<0.001.Conclusions: Chickenpox is a potentially severe illness in adult patients. Introduction of active immunization in Bosnia-Herzegovina should be considered to prevent severe forms of chickenpox. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2012; 2(2: 64-67Key words: Chickenpox, complications, pneumonia

  6. “Two schools under one roof”. The role of education in the reconciliation process in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Alessandro Tolomelli

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper will take into consideration scientific literature as well as institutional documents in order to outline the present situation of the educational system in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A particular focus will be put on the Interface between politics and religion, as authorities of the latter hold many interests in controlling the education sector. The centuries-old tradition of cultural and religious coexistence in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH has been disappearing rapidly since the beginning of the Yugoslav war in 1992. As a matter of fact, the war destroyed multicultural acceptance.In the case of BiH, ‘ethnicities’ have been forged in order to justify politicaleconomic interests, despite a cultural common background. It is for this reason that it would be more appropriate to use the term “entities” rather than “ethnicities”, as historically speaking the three groups share common roots.The case study of the “two schools under one roof” constitutes the worst example of discrimination within the educational environment of BiH. This system sees some school buildings of BiH providing different spaces and curricula for students belonging to different entities. Even though the project was meant to be temporary (OSCE formulated the project in 2000 in order to cope with the highly problematic situation at stake in some areas of the country, it seems that this strategy will persist, for authorities and parents alike have shown no intention to abandon it. It should also be said that the segregated system affects not only students, but teachers as well, as their appointment keeps been carried out on ethnic criteria.

  7. Diffusion of complex health innovations--implementation of primary health care reforms in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atun, Rifat A; Kyratsis, Ioannis; Jelic, Gordan; Rados-Malicbegovic, Drazenka; Gurol-Urganci, Ipek

    2007-01-01

    Most transition countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia are engaged in health reform initiatives aimed at introducing primary health care (PHC) centred on family medicine to enhance performance of their health systems. But, in these countries the introduction of PHC reforms has been particularly challenging; while some have managed to introduce pilots, many have failed to these scale up. Using an innovation lens, we examine the introduction and diffusion of family-medicine-centred PHC reforms in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), which experienced bitter ethnic conflicts that destroyed much of the health systems infrastructure. The study was conducted in 2004-05 over a 18-month period and involved both qualitative and quantitative methods of inquiry. In this study we report the findings of the qualitative research, which involved in-depth interviews in three stages with key informants that were purposively sampled. In our research, we applied a proprietary analytical framework which enables simultaneous and holistic analysis of the context, the innovation, the adopters and the interactions between them over time. While many transition countries have struggled with the introduction of family-medicine-centred PHC reforms, in spite of considerable resource constraints and a challenging post-war context, within a few years, BiH has managed to scale up multifaceted reforms to cover over 25% of the country. Our analysis reveals a complex setting and bidirectional interaction between the innovation, adopters and the context, which have collectively influenced the diffusion process. Family-medicine-centred PHC reform is a complex innovation-involving organizational, financial, clinical and relational changes-within a complex adaptive system. An important factor influencing the adoption of this complex innovation in BiH was the perceived benefits of the innovation: benefits which accrue to the users, family physicians, nurses and policy makers. In the case of Bi

  8. Translation and validation of the instrument for the oral health-related quality of life assessment in 3 to 5 years old children in Bosnia-Herzegovina

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    Amra Hadžipašić Nazdrajić

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: During 2007. in the U.S. was developed the questionnaire for caregivers with 13 items for assessing the oral health-related quality of life in children 3-5 years of age, The Early Childhood Oral Health ImpactScale, The ECOHIS. The aim of this study was to perform the fi rst part of the adaptation process for this instrument in Bosnia-Herzegovina: translation, cross-cultural adaptation and the comprehensibility testing.Methods: ECOHIS was translated from English into the one of the languages in Bosnia-Herzegovina using a standardized forward-backward translation method. Two licensed, professional English-language translators, one dentist and one pediatrician, participated in the development of the preliminary BH-ECOHIS version. All translators were native Bosnian speakers. After translation and adaptation of ECOHIS to Bosnia and Herzegovina setting, pilot-research was performed in order to check the comprehensibility of the questionnaire.Results: The original and the back-translated version were the same. Because not all children in Bosnia-Herzegovina attend preschool, school or daycare, we replaced the question number fi ve from the originalEnglish version “missed preschool, daycare or school“ with “had difficulties in everyday activities”. Translated and culturally adapted version of the ECOHIS was applied in a form of an interview (N=16. Parents/caregivershad no diffi culties to understand the questionnaire.Conclusions: BH-ECOHIS showed excellent comprehensibility. Next step in the validation process should be the testing of its measurement characteristic.

  9. Urban development and influential factors on urban form of towns in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period of socialism and transition: Case study of Banjaluka and Trebinje

    OpenAIRE

    Milojević Brankica

    2013-01-01

    Throughout the history, the urban development of towns in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been strongly influenced by different social systems that were transponed into the urban space giving it general characteristics common for the most cities. The character of the urban form of cities also pointed to the influence of various individual factors which can be generally classified into three groups: the natural characteristics of the urban space, created physical...

  10. An Integrative Symbol for a Divided Country? Commemorating the 1984 Sarajevo Winter Olympics in Bosnia and Herzegovina from the 1992-1995 War until Today

    OpenAIRE

    Moll, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    To what extent can deeply divided societies develop integrative and connecting symbols that are transgressing political, social and national borders and division lines? The present text addresses this question by analyzing the discourses and memories of the 1984 Sarajevo Winter Olympics in contemporary Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). After examining the discourses around the Games in 1984, the text analyzes the practices and narratives around the official anniversaries of the Games which took p...

  11. Reception of Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac’s composing creativity in the musical life of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Austro-Hungarian period

    OpenAIRE

    Paćuka Lana

    2014-01-01

    With the arrival of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Bosnia and Herzegovina encountered Western European social trends, which affected the shaping of musical life physiognomy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. In this extremely intricate relationship between national and pro-European-oriented cultural trends, Serbian composer Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac had a special position as a unique musical phenomenon, since he was a composer whose music...

  12. (Re)constructions: armed conflicts, cultural heritage, (inter)national policies and local practices of memorialization in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Musi, Maja

    2015-01-01

    In the early 1990s, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia collapsed into a set of wars dominated by aggressive nationalist ideologies, that crucially reinterpreted ‘history’ and ‘memory’ to recollect past sufferings and intergroup animosities and corroborate ethnic distinctiveness in essentialist terms. In the mixed area of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the conflict (1992-1995) entailed the use of systematic violence to eradicate and/or eliminate the ethnic “Other” from contested territories...

  13. UNEP and IAEA exploring the possibility of sending depleted uranium missions to Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Iraq

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Vienna/Nairobi - Mohamed ElBaradei, the Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Klaus Toepfer, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), have agreed to consider ways and means to respond to requests for fact-finding missions to Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Iraq where depleted uranium (DU) was used during military conflicts. The two organizations will co-ordinate their action with the World Health Organization, which has recently decided to send a team to study the health effects of depleted uranium in Iraq, as well as with other relevant UN system organizations. Pekka Haavisto, Chairman of UNEP's Depleted Uranium Assessment Team, is meeting today with UN officials in Sarajevo for consultations on a possible future mission to Bosnia-Herzegovina. Mr. Haavisto will visit Belgrade tomorrow to meet with officials of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The IAEA is considering holding a training course to improve the understanding and skills of specialist staff from concerned countries. The main focus will be on measurement methods and the assessment of risks from depleted uranium and other radioactivity. The possibility of sending fact-finding missions to Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Iraq follows last year's mission to Kosovo by the UNEP-led DU Assessment Team. UNEP will wait for the scientific findings of the report of the Kosovo mission, expected to be released in early March, before it embarks on new DU field assessments. (author)

  14. AGRARIAN RELATIONS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA DURING THE TURKISH AND AUSTRO - HUNGARIAN OCCUPATION, AND THEIR REMOVAL WITH AGRARIAN REFORM FROM 1919 TO 1931

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    Joko Sparavalo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available At the start we give a brief surveyof the relations of production in the currentdevelopment of human society. This is done fromthe standpoint of Marx's notion of productiverelations. Then we discuss about relations ofproduction in agriculture, addressed as agrarianrelations. They are very different from the relationsof production in other areas of the economy. Thisresults from the specificity of agriculture. Infeudalism, they are the essence of social relations.With the economic development their influence isdecreasing, but in capitalism they also have certaincharacteristics. Turkish military-feudal system wasthe essential feature of the Asian mode ofproduction. The Turkish occupation of Bosnia andHerzegovina lasted for more than four centuries.Military-feudal system was significantly differentfrom the feudalism of Western Europe. Statedisposition of land and appropriation of rents areincorporated into the strategy of conquest of newand preservation of the occupied territories.Islamization has contributed to strengthening andthe long duration of that system. The way ofappropriation of labor surplus significantly slowedthe economic development of Bosnia andHerzegovina. Austro-Hungarian occupationauthorities accounted for some positivedevelopments in agriculture, but did not abolishfeudal relations Agrarian reform (1919.-1931.removed from the feudal relations in agriculture,Bosnia and Herzegovina and created the initialconditions for the development of capitalism.

  15. Analysis of Causes and Effects of Applying IAS And IFRS in Case of Mergers and Acquisitions of Banks in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meliha Bašić

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the effect of the “stabilization and accession” process, i.e. of fulfillingrequirements for entry of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the European Union,over the past few years, has been the privatization and concentration of banks’ capital,primarilythroughtheprocessoftheirmergers.1 The paper is primarily aimed at analyzing the way, causes and effects of applying IASand IFRS in mergers and acquisitions of banks in the Federation of Bosnia andHerzegovina. The presented analysis revealed the discrepancy between regulations by theBanking Agency of Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina, as the supervisory body forbanking in this part of BH and IAS and IFRS, particularly with respect to the frameworkfor financial reporting for banks, a lack of detailed disclosure prescribed by IAS andIFRS, as well as of instructions and methodology related to the processes that must beconducted. It directly resulted in unrealistic, unbjective and, naturally, insufficientlycomprehensible, and insufficiently controllable and comparable financial statements bygiven banks, before and after mergers and acquisitions. In the same time, it made it moredifficult to do business, conduct internal and external control and auditing, particularly bya regulatory body, and resulted in a series of objections by foreign controllers (IMF,IBRD. The conducted research points to problems present in practice with respect tomergers and acquisitions of banks in the Federation B-H, and provides guidelines fortheir possible solution.

  16. INTRAPRENEURSHIP IMPACT ON GROWTH OF PRODUCTION COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Muzafer Brigić; Bahrija Umihanović

    2015-01-01

    Growth and development are among the main goals of every company. A dedication to the activities which create conditions for growth and development is an important management operation. Entrepreneurial activity provides prerequisites so that growth and development can be achieved. In large and existing companies, entrepreneurial activity presents intrapreneurship. The subject of this paper is to what extent are intrapreneurial activities present in production companies in Bosnia and Herzegovi...

  17. Society and organizational culture and leadership expectations in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Bogdanić, Danijela

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis I explore the relationship between characteristics of the society culture in Bosnia, the organizational culture of Bosnian enterprises and characteristics of the expected leadership in Bosnian companies of three branches of industry (food processing, telecommunications, and financial services). Much of the inspiration for this thesis comes from the Global Leadership and Organizational Behaviour Effectiveness (GLOBE) project. The main idea of GLOBE is to advance an empirically e...

  18. POSSIBILITIES FOR IMPROVEMENT OF RISK MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE COAL MINING INDUSTRY OF THE FEDERATION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Safet Kozarević

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Current business environment and growing exposure to a wide range of risks require companies (especially the large ones to raise a question of risk management, start treating it as a particular business function that needs special attention and for which they have to seek proper solutions within their organizational structure. This particularly affects the coal industry, where risk exposure is rather evident and makes risk management one of the key management issues in general. A central point of the analysis includes companies in the coal industry of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (F BiH, where the management needs to be greatly concerned about protection against risks that affect this industry much more than other industries, in particular pure risks (those that involve only the possibility of loss and no possibility of gain . And if we add the so - called emerging or “newly developing” risks, which are still unknown even to risk management experts, it is clear that management of large companies have to take care of risk management culture development and seek adequate organizational solutions. On the basis of the conducted empirical research, the paper will show and appropriately explain the descriptive analysis results, accordingly used for establishment of the level of risk management efficiency in the coal mines of the F BiH and identification of certain weaknesses, whose elimination could significantly improve the process and increase the level of economic protection for these companies.

  19. Transfer of production to Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia & Herzegovina: External influences for companies approach to an appropriate entry mode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhic, Sefik

    , to find the context and not consider this an English essay. The findings of this dissertation it is hoped will be of help for anybody interested in this region and be a basis for further investigation. Many of the lessons learned could also be applied to many of the other countries in Eastern Europe...... at companies and managers in both Denmark (western Europe) and the “former Yugoslavia” (Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia & Herzegovina). It will give an understanding and perspective of the situations that can and will be encountered, should they wish to establish production in the former Yugoslavia (“appropriate......&H). The empirical data, in its raw form is a mixture of 7 different languages, two of which use the Cyrillic alphabet. This has led to some very interesting translation i.e. “red thread” (Sefik), “Rød tråd” (Danish), “Common thread” (English). Therefore it is important to read the text, especially the quotations...

  20. Frequency of thyroid cancer in patients operated at Cantonal Hospital Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the period 2007-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrnčić, Nermin; Goga, Amna; Hrnčić, Selma; Filipovska-Mušanović, Marijana; Hatibović, Haris; Hodžić, Ðenad

    2016-08-01

    Aim To determine frequency and type of thyroid cancer (TC) as well as gender and age distribution of patients operated at the Department of Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT), Cantonal Hospital Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Methods A retrospective analysis of data obtained from an operating protocol and disease history of patients operated in the eightyear period (2007- 2014) was made according to the frequency and type of thyroid cancer, as well as age and gender of the patients. χ2 test was used for statistical with pmedullary carcinoma in four (5.41%), Hurthle cell carcinoma in four (5.41%) patients, while anaplastic carcinoma was found in one (1.35%) patient. The number of diagnosed malignancy varied from 0% (in 2007) to 13.91% (in 2014) (p=0.05). Conclusion The prevalence of thyroid cancer is low, but has an increasing trend. A large number of unnecessary surgeries on thyroid gland was performed. Preoperative diagnostic procedures for diseases of the thyroid gland in Cantonal Hospital Zenica should be improved in order to avoid unessential surgeries. PMID:27313111

  1. Organization of Proficiency Testing for Dairy Laboratories in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia in Order to Improve Quality Assurance

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    Nataša Mikulec

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Participation in proficiency testing is not only an obligation for all analytical laboratories which tend to be credible, but also an opportunity to check how the results agree with the reference or assign value. The Reference Laboratory for Milk and Dairy Products of the Dairy Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture University of Zagreb, is itself incorporated in the proficiency testing organized by dairy laboratories from Germany, Italy, France, Switzerland and Slovenia. The aim is to find out its own accuracy and reliability in particular milk and dairy products analyses. On the basis of seven years experience of participating in proficiency testing, five years ago the Reference Laboratory started organizing its own proficiency testing for dairy laboratories in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia for milk components such as milk fat, protein, lactose and somatic cells count. The results of the analyses have been statistically analyzed and, on the basis of Z-score, the successful measurements have been estimated. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the organisation and data processing of proficiency testing for milk fat, protein, lactose and somatic cells count in milk for the involved dairy laboratories.

  2. The first report of Trichinella pseudospiralis presence in domestic swine and T. britovi in wild boar in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santrac, Violeta; Nedic, Drago N; Maric, Jelena; Nikolic, Sonja; Stevanovic, Oliver; Vasilev, Sasa; Cvetkovic, Jelena; Sofronic-Milosavljevic, Ljiljana

    2015-09-01

    The Balkans is endemic for nematodes of the genus Trichinella in both domestic and wild animals. The high prevalence of these zoonotic pathogens in animals linked with the food habits to consume raw meat and meat derived products resulted in a very high prevalence of trichinellosis in humans living in this European region. In spite of numerous epidemiological investigations carried out in this region, very few information is available on the Trichinella species circulating in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Trichinella spp. larvae were isolated from a domestic pig reared in a backyard and from a hunted wild boar whose meat had been the source of trichinellosis in one case. Both Trichinella pseudospiralis and T. spiralis have been identified in the domestic pig, whereas, T. britovi was detected in the wild boar. While, T. spiralis is the Trichinella species most frequently detected in domestic pigs, T. pseudospiralis has been previously documented in domestic pigs only three times in Russia, Slovakia and Croatia. The detection of T. britovi in the wild boar confirms that this nematode is the most frequent species circulating among wildlife of Europe. PMID:26204186

  3. Sexual Compulsivity Comorbidity With Depression, Anxiety, and Substance Use in Students From Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Dzanan Berberovic

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study was to examine relationships between sexual compulsivity, depression (including level of self-esteem anxiety, and the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs in a sample of 1,711 students from Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sexual compulsivity, depression, and anxiety were measured with standardized scales and inventories (the Sexual Compulsivity Scale – SCS, the Beck Depression Inventory – BDI, and the Spielberger’s State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Trait, STAI-T, respectively, whereas specific questions about tobacco, alcohol, and drug use were modified for the purpose of this study. Results indicated positive, significant but low correlations between sexual compulsivity and depression; sexual compulsivity and anxiety; and sexual compulsivity and substance use; whereas a low, negative but significant correlation was obtained between sexual compulsivity and self-esteem. The strongest predictor of sexual compulsivity was drug use; two other significant predictors were alcohol and depression. Limitations of the study are discussed in the end.

  4. How a Collective Trauma Influences Ethno-Religious Relations of Adolescents in Present-Day Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina

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    Merima Šehagić

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article combines a historical perspective on intergenerational transmission of collective trauma with a psycho-anthropological approach in regards to the construction of multiple identifications by Bosniak adolescents growing up in Bosnia and Herzegovina, after the Balkan war that took place in the early 1990s. This research is based on the ethnographic fieldwork I conducted during my three-month stay in Sarajevo, a city that has been the center of battles between Bosnian Serbs and Bosniaks. The aim of this research is to understand the ways in which memories of the war linger on in contemporary interethnic and interreligious relations. I applied Dialogical Self Theory to analyze dilemmas and ambiguities emerging from the multiple identifications of Muslim adolescents, to whom coexistence with Bosnian Serbs has come to be part of everyday life. During oral histories, my informants expressed a desire to maintain a sense of normality, consisting of a stable political and economic present and future. I argue that nationalist ideologies on ethno-religious differences which were propagated during the war stand in the way of living up to this desire. On a micro level, people try to manage their desire for normality by promoting a certain degree of social cohesion and including the ethno-religious other to a shared national identity of ‘being Bosnian’.

  5. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention network in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Where are we now and how to improve PCI network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dilić, M; Terzić, I; Kulić, M

    2016-08-01

    Reperfusion is the most effective therapy for patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Time from symptom onset to reperfusion is the most important factor influencing short and long-term mortality. There are several modes of reperfusion therapy. Fibrinolysis (either in pre-hospital or in-hospital setting), and primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) or a combination of both are the most relevant treatment options. Primary p-PCI is the preferred option in centers with experienced teams and a high volume of reperfusion procedures. Cardiovascular mortality rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) is among the highest in Europe, 545/100,000, and the rate of acute myocardial infarction is approximately 7000 per year. Despite recent improvement in reperfusion therapy in the last 5years, mortality of STEMI still patients remains high. The goal of this perspective article is to describe the current situation of p-PCI network in B&H. Establishing networks of reperfusion at regional and national level, implies a broad spectrum and close collaboration between all the actors involved in reperfusion therapy, namely hospitals, cardiology units emergency medical services, and primary care physicians. PMID:27381862

  6. Reception of Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac’s composing creativity in the musical life of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Austro-Hungarian period

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    Paćuka Lana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available With the arrival of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Bosnia and Herzegovina encountered Western European social trends, which affected the shaping of musical life physiognomy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. In this extremely intricate relationship between national and pro-European-oriented cultural trends, Serbian composer Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac had a special position as a unique musical phenomenon, since he was a composer whose musical talent imposed itself as an authority in strengthening the national musical expression and serving as a guideline for numerous BH artists.

  7. Towards educational inclusion in Bosnia-Herzegovina. “Project ethnography” in development anthropology

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    Federica Tarabusi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Over time, the relationship between anthropology and development has been so problematic that today many key issues and open questions remain unresolved in the academic world. Although engaged with post-modernism theoretical legacy, more recently, attention has shifted from these approaches to the work of the development organizations themselves, highlighting the bureaucratic and organizational practices through which their power is exercised. Looking at how international projects actually “work”, the most recent anthropology theories aim to move beyond the negative, critical stance that has been so dominant in the past. Moving from an educational project of decentralized cooperation, this paper hopes to contribute towards demonstrating the importance of “project ethnography” in exploring development policies and practices in post- war Bosnia.

  8. Association of Parental Age and the Type of Down Syndrome on the Territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotonica, Mia; Mackic-Djurovic, Mirela; Hasic, Sabaheta; Kiseljakovic, Emina; Jadric, Radivoj; Ibrulj, Slavka

    2016-01-01

    Background: Advanced paternal and/or maternal age is a classic risk factor for Down syndrome. The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency of Down syndrome types in children and its association with maternal and paternal age in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Subjects and Methods: The cross sectional, observational study included 127 children, 49 girls and 78 boys, aged 1-180 months suspected to have Down syndrome, admitted to the Centre for Genetics, Faculty of Medicine University of Sarajevo, for cytogenetic analysis and differential diagnosis of Down syndrome during the period from January 2010 to May 2015. Standard method of 72 hours cultivation of peripheral blood lymphocytes has been applied. The accepted level of statistical significance was p<0.05. Study Results: The most common type of Down syndrome was standard trisomy (86.6%), comparing to translocation and mosaicism (7.1%; 6.3%, respectively). The highest frequency of Down syndrome cases was in mother and father’s group from 30-39 years old (57; 57 children, respectively) compared to mother and father’s groups with younger than 30 (44; 29, respectively) and 40 and older (26; 41, respectively). The significant difference was found in maternal age between translocation and mosaicism groups (p=0.036). Difference between parental years and type of Down syndrome was significant when Standard trisomy 21 and translocation (p=0.045), as well as mosaicism and translocation (p=0.036), were compared. Conclusion: The most common type of Down syndrome was standard trisomy 21, with highest occurrence in parents from 30 to 39 years old. Parents were the youngest in translocation group. Obtained results suggest that multidisciplinary approach to identifying the trigger for trisomy appearance and the influence of maternal age is required. PMID:27147778

  9. Medical services of Croat people in Bosnia and Herzegovina during 1992-1995 war: losses, adaptation, organization, and transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagaric, I

    2000-06-01

    During the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH), Croatian people in BH had 19,600 (2.6%) killed and 135,000 (17.6%) displaced persons, and 222,500 (28.9%) refugees. They lost around two thirds of both physicians and other health personnel, and were left with 8. 5% of prewar patient beds. Fortunately, the organized defence against Serbs was initiated in time and Croats defended the territories where they formed majority. The first defense unit established was the Medical Corps Headquarters (MCH), caring for soldiers and civilians alike. The MCH was soon incorporated in the Croatian Defense Council (CDC, armed forces of Croatian people in BH). The MCH had two chains of command. One went through the district commanders of medical services and their subordinated physicians to paramedics in military units, and the other directly to the commanders of 14 war hospitals. After its formation in 1993, the Ministry of Health took the jurisdiction over the civilian medical services and after the Washington Peace Agreement (April 1994) over the war hospitals, too, whereas the medical services within military units remained under control of the Ministry of Defense. Dayton Peace Agreement divided BH into the Federation of BH and Republic Srpska, each with their own army. The Federation of BH Army is composed of the CDC and Bosniac-controlled Army of BH, with overall numerical ratio 1:2.3 for Bosniacs, and organized in accordance with NATO standards. Military medical services are provided by the Logistics Sector of both Ministry of Defense and Military Corps Headquarters (Joint Command). PMID:10853039

  10. Assessment of the success of implementation of new rule book on salt iodination in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahirovic, H; Imsiragic-Zovko, S; Toromanovic, A; Begic, L

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the success of an increase in the level of salt iodization which was increased to 20-30 mg iodine per kilo of salt, 2 yr after the introduction of the new mandatory salt iodination. This prospective study was performed at level of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBH). We singled out 60 cluster school-based surveys (6 cluster surveys in each canton) with equal representation of urban and rural areas. Within each cluster, between 10 to 30 subjects (both males and females) aged 11, 12, 13 and 14 were randomly selected. The study included a total of 962 schoolchildren. The mean iodine level per 1 kg of salt for whole FBH was 21.4+/-5.2. It ranged from 2.1 to 41.3 mg/kg. A significant improvement in urinary iodine excretion medians was detected in the current survey in all cantons and on the entire territory of FBH, compared to results from a previous study conducted in 1999. The urinary iodine excretion in schoolchildren in the whole FBH varied from 50.6 to 303.8 mug/l with a median of 139.5 mug/l. Values of urinary iodine iodine supplementation of salt in 2001 was successful and that FBH is presently iodine sufficient. In the future, however, program for monitoring of iodine prophylaxis has to have two major aims: firstly, control of iodine content in salt at different levels especially at retail shops and at imported salt and secondly, iodine deficiency disorders control. Also, a periodic measurement of urinary iodine excretion needs to be planned together with the neonatal TSH screening and the establishment of a notification system for cases of hyperthyroidism.

  11. Epidemiologic and laboratory surveillance of the measles outbreak in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, February 2014-April 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salimović-Bešić, I; Šeremet, M; Hübschen, J M; Hukić, M; Tihić, N; Ahmetagić, S; Delibegović, Z; Pilav, A; Mulaomerović, M; Ravlija, J; Muller, C P; Dedeić-Ljubović, A

    2016-06-01

    A measles outbreak with two epidemic waves involving 4649 probable and laboratory-confirmed cases was recorded in six out of ten cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina between February 2014 and April 2015. The majority of the patients had never received measles vaccination (3115/4649, 67.00%), and the vaccination status of another 23% was unknown (1066/4649). A total of 281 blood samples were tested serologically. Virus detection was performed using 44 nasopharyngeal swabs. About 57% (161/281) of the laboratory-investigated sera were immunoglobulin M positive, and 95% (42/44) of the swabs were reverse transcriptase-PCR positive. Phylogenetic analysis of sequences obtained from 30 swab samples showed circulation of two variants of genotype D8, but no genotype D4 strains as detected in 2007. Similar involvement of all age groups indicates a problem with vaccine refusal resulting from antivaccination activities in addition to gaps in immunization coverage during the war and postwar period (1992-1998). Differences in ethnicity, vaccine coverage, compliance with review policies of vaccination records and potentially also travel habits may partially explain why only six of ten cantons were affected by the outbreak. The second epidemic wave may in part be due to large-scale migrations due to catastrophic floods in 2014. As a result of the epidemic, 6- to 12-month-old children may now be vaccinated against measles during outbreaks, and public health recommendations for interventions have been strengthened. Additional efforts are required to implement the measures throughout the cantons. PMID:26928202

  12. Importance of the Country of Origin from the Consumers’ Perspective in the Research Context of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Marija Čutura

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to establish the level of importance of the country of origin (COO in the purchasing process of different categories of consumer goods in the research context of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H. Design/Methodology/Approach – The study is based on primary data collected through a survey questionnaire on a consumer sample in B&H. The analysis consists of several levels: establishing a level of COO importance for consumers; establishing a level of consumer familiarity with a COO; identifying the influence of consumer ethnocentrism on the level of COO importance. Findings and implications – ANOVA and T-paired tests highlighted the importance of COO to vary across product categories. The results of regression analysis showed that consumer ethnocentrism significantly influences the level of COO importance in the purchasing process. The results contribute to the thesis that COO has a diagnostic value for the consumers in the purchasing process and can therefore be used as a marketing tool in providing better market acceptance and positioning of products. Limitations – This research has a limited scope considering that it is a single-market study, but also because of the small range of researched product categories. Further research studies should consider a wider range of product categories, as well as a cross-cultural research approach to explore the importance of COO on the overall purchasing process. Originality – This study represents an integrative approach to the phenomenon of COO, consisting of consumer ethnocentrism, product characteristics, and consumer perspective regarding COO importance and familiarity.

  13. Beta lactam antibiotics residues in cow's milk: comparison of efficacy of three screening tests used in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Nihad Fejzic

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Beta lactam antibiotics are widely used in therapy of cattle, particularly for the treatment of mastitis.  Over 95% of residue testing in dairies in Bosnia and Herzegovina is for Beta lactams. The aim of this paper is to compare the efficacy of three most common screening tests for Beta lactam residues in cow’s milk in our country. The tests used in the study are SNAP β Lactam test (Idexx, Rosa Charm β Lactam test and Inhibition MRL test. Study samples included: standardized concentrations of penicillin solution (0, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 ppb. In addition we tested milk samples from three equal size study groups (not receiving any antibiotic therapy, treated with Beta lactams for mastitis and treated with Beta lactams for diseases other than mastitis. Sensitivity and specificity were determined for each test, using standard penicillin concentrations with threshold value set at concentration of 4 ppb (Maximum residue level – MLR. Additionally we determined proportions of presumably false negative and false positive results for each test using results of filed samples testing. Agreement of test results for each test pair was assessed through Kappa coefficients interpreted by Landis-Koch scale. Detection level of all tests was shown to be well below MRL. This alongside with effects of natural inhibitors in milk contributed to finding of positive results in untreated and treated animals after the withholding period. Screening tests for beta lactam residues are important tools for ensuring that milk for human consumption is free from antibiotics residues.

  14. Genetic diversity of contemporary populations of Salmo trutta L. in the basin of the River Neretva, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Belma Kalamujic

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Across its cosmopolitan range, the survival of the local gene pool of wild brown trout, Salmo trutta L., is threatened due to habitat degradation, overexploitation, inadequate stocking and hybridization. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, brown trout reside in both, the Danube and the Adriatic river drainages. The aim of this study was to assess the contemporary genetic diversity of brown trout populations in the Neretva River basin and to detect the populations that could serve as a source of material for future revitalization projects. The control region of mitochondrial genome, LDH gene, 13 nuclear microsatellites as well as GP85 SNP were analyzed in a total of 335 specimens from the main course of the River Neretva and 11 of its tributaries. Sampling locations on tributaries were located in hardly accessible areas so to maximally reduce the possibility of previous stocking. Besides the indigenous Adriatic haplotype, the Danube and the Atlantic mtDNA haplotypes were detected, which clearly indicates that populations of brown trout in the Neretva river basin have been subject to translocation activities and stocking with allochthonous gene pool. The existence of individuals with Adriatic haplotype but microsatellite variants corresponding to the Danube and the Atlantic lineages, as well as the presence of obtusirostris haplotype, characteristic for soft-muzzled trout, clearly prove hybridization events. The frequency of almost 100% of the allele 167 (locus SsoSL417 in indigenous group clearly points to the possibility that this allele is correlated with the Neretva/Adriatic haplotype and could be used as a potential marker of autochthony. Though the gene pool of the Neretva brown trout has been highly compromised, there is still a real genetic basis for the successful revitalization of indigenous genetic resources, if the immediate and urgent actions are taken through joint activities of the government, public and private sectors (fisheries, and

  15. Agricultural Sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Climate Change—Challenges and Opportunities

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    Ognjen Zurovec

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Half of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s (BH population lives in rural areas. Agricultural production is a backbone of the rural economy and generates significant economic value for the country. BH is highly vulnerable to climate change, which poses a significant development challenge given the climate-sensitivity of the agricultural sector, the share of agriculture in the total economy, the number of people employed in the sector, and the closely related socio-economic issues of food security. BH has experienced serious incidences of extreme weather events over the past two decades, causing severe economic losses. Based on available data and currently available climate projections, exposure to threats from climate change will continue to increase. The review paper presents the current state of the BH agricultural sector and the impact of potential climate change on agricultural systems. It proposes policy options to optimize opportunities and mitigate consequences of possible climate change in the agricultural sector. Development of policy and research capacity should include harmonisation and centralisation of domestic agricultural policies, carrying out a vulnerability assessment and strengthening the public and private extension systems. Further technological development should include improvements in weather and climate information systems, crop development, irrigation and water management.

  16. TETRAHEDRITE FROM THE DUBRAVE - DUGI DOL BARITE DEPOSITS, KREŠEVO, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Ivan Jurković

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available he chemical composition of the tetrahedrite from the barite deposit Dubrave - Dugi Dol, south of the town Kreševo, Bosnia, hosted by Devonian Dolomite is as follows: (Cu10,65Ag0,073Hg0,0310,75(Fe0,81Zn0,941,75(Sb3,57As0,34Bi0,0043,91S13,00. Cation proportions are: Me2+ :Me3+ :S = 3.20:1.00:3.33. The 34S = -10.91 %o. The calculated formula is in good correspondence with the compositions of other analyzed tetrahedrites from the whole Middle Bosnian Schist Mountains. These results as those of the fluid inclusion studies of gangue minerals suggests the generation of tetrahedrites from highly homogenized, hot (190-310 C, high saline (24.2-26.3 wt% NaCl equiv. mineralizing solutions generated by mixing of ascending deep seated upper mantle (Hg, F, Cu-bearing and metamorphogenic lower crust (Zn, Fe, Ag, Au-bearing fluids with descending highly evolved Upper Permian saline formation waters. The obtained data exclude the applicability of the fractional crystallization generation model.

  17. Application of Agree II Instrument for Appraisal of Postpartum Hemorrhage Clinical Practice Guidelines in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novo, Ahmed; Subotic-popovic, Andreja; Strbac, Savka; Kandic, Alma; Horga, Mihai

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Federal Minister of Health and Minister of Health and Social Welfare of the Republika Srpska as a Governmental health authorities in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and the Republika Srpska nominated/appointed health professionals as their representatives to a multidisciplinary Guidelines Adaptation Group (GAG). This group started with its work in September 2015. The main purpose of the guidelines development exercise is to develop guidelines with worldwide recognized methodology for clinical guidelines development and adaptation. At the end of this consultancy, GAG would have develop a clinical practice guideline on Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) through the adaptation method, starting from published international clinical guidelines and adapting it according to the country specific requirements. Methodology: During the process of identifying the best guideline for adaptation, the GAG had to pass several steps. One of the crucial steps was to identify the questions related to clinical practice and health policy for which answers are needed to be addressed by the guideline. These questions included relevant issues regarding the topic area such as diagnosis, prognosis, intervention, service delivery, and training. After that, six guidelines have been researched by the six members of the GAG to see if they answered the identified questions. Evaluating the methodological quality of the selected clinical guidelines was a second essential step before deciding which ones could best fit the needs and interests. AGREE II instrument has been chosen as methods for evaluating clinical guideline quality and appropriateness. Four appraisers conducted the assessment of each of the selected guidelines for PPH. All appraisers passed the training for the AGREE II instrument before conducting appraisals, as recommended by the AGREE collaboration. Each of the four guidelines was rated independently with the AGREE II tool by each appraiser. Results: The highest

  18. Kampanje mjerenja apsolutnog i relativnog ubrzanja sile teže u „Osnovnoj gravimetrijskoj mreži Bosne i Hercegovine“ : Measurement campaign of absolute and relative gravity in "Basic gravimetric network of Bosnia and Herzegovina"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasumana Abaza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Mjerenje apsolutnog ubrzanja sile Zemljine teže u Bosni i Hercegovini izvršeno je na četiri stanice, a u okviru projekta “Izgradnja kapaciteta za unapređenje zemljišne administracije i procedura u Bosni i Hercegovini“. Mjerenje relativnog ubrzanja sile Zemljine teže također je završeno u Osnovnoj gravimetrijskoj mreži BiH na 60 tačaka, te je izvršeno povezivanje sa stanicama na kojim je mjereno apsolutno ubrzanje sile teže. Do sada urađen posao je odlična osnova za nastavak radova na regionalnom gravimetrijskom premjeru na putu ka konačnom cilju određivanja geoida za teritoriju BiH. : Absolute gravity measurements in Bosnia and Herzegovina were carried out at four stations within the project "Capacity building for improving land administration and procedures in Bosnia and Herzegovina“ - CILAP. Relative gravity measurements were also completed in the primary gravimetric network of Bosnia and Herzegovina at 60 points, followed by connecting points with absolute gravity data. So far, completed work is an excellent basis for continuing on regional gravity measurements and determining the geoid for the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  19. SOURCES OF ERRORS IN THE EVALUATION OF PERFORMANCE OF EMPLOYEES IN THE SECTOR OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORM IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Mirela Ćebić

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is focused on the process of evaluating performance of employees. Special emphasis has been put on possible errors that may impair the objectivity of the outcome of this process. The purpose of implementing this process lies in identifying potential employees, providing information that can serve as a basis for human resource planning, forming a basis for assessing the effectiveness of the process of professional selection, establishing training needs and planning employees' training, reinforcing the motivation of employees at work, etc. However, due to inadequate structure of the system of performance evaluation, there appears to be a list of various errors that limit their objectivity. Hence, the purpose of this study is to indicate the possible sources of errors and mistakes in evaluating the performance, with special emphasis put on empirical research conducted in this field in the sector of public administration of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH.

  20. Substance abuse prevalence and its relation to scholastic achievement and sport factors: an analysis among adolescents of the Herzegovina–Neretva Canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Sekulic Damir

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Substance abuse among adolescents is a major public health and social problem. However, studies rarely investigate the relationships between substance abuse, educational achievement and sport factors. Substance abuse is an even more significant problem in societies that have experienced trauma, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, which have had recent wars. The aims of this study were to investigate substance abuse among adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to study the potential gender-specific relationships between a sport factors (physical activity/exercise/athletic participation and substance abuse and b scholastic achievement and substance abuse. Methods Our sample consisted of 1,032 adolescents who were 17 to 18 years old (435 boys and 597 girls and who were in the final grade of high school. These subjects were randomly selected from the territory of Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrospective testing was performed using an extensive self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire included questions involving topics such as sociodemographic variables, scholastic variables, sport factors, and substance abuse data (smoking habits, drugs consumption and alcohol consumption using the AUDIT questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, frequencies, analyses of the differences and correlational analyses were performed. Results Our results found that greater than one-third of the boys and one-fourth of the girls were daily smokers, and almost half of the boys and one-fifth of the girls practiced harmful drinking; other drugs (i.e. heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, etc. were rarely consumed. Boys dominated in sport factors, whereas girls were more successful in scholastic achievement. Approximately 23% of the boys and 6% of the girls reported that they practiced harmful drinking and smoked simultaneously. Educational failure, which was defined as having one or more negative grades at the end of the last two

  1. Prof. Dr. Mithad Kozličić – Member of the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Miljenko Lapaine

    2013-06-01

    material and one intended for navigation, and charts by 12 cartographers produced between the beginning of the 13th century and the end of the 16th century are researched. The central chapter is dedicated to numerous cartographers and their perception of the Croatian Adriatic. The book contains basic map data, including toponymy, name of the collection and scientific and expert commentary. A list of bibliographic units and a terminology index can be found at the end. We would like to single out Professor Kozličić’s monographs Panoramas of Dalmatia by Giuseppe Rieger, published by the Hydrographic Institute of the Republic of Croatia, Split 2003, Regiones Flumina Unnae et Sanae in Veteribus Tabulis Geographicis, Una-Sana Area on Old Geographic Maps, published by the National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo and the Una-Sana Canton Archive, Bihać, 2003 and Eastern Adriatic in Work of Beautemps-Beaupré, published in 2006. Prof. Dr. Mithad Kozličić is a member of several expert societies, including the Croatian Cartographic Society, in which he was a member of the Court of Honour for several years. He received several awards and acknowledgments and this year became a member of the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina (“a member outside of working team” – citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina living abroad.Congratulations! 

  2. Constitutional Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A Unicameral Parliamentary Political System as a Solution for the Implementation of the Ruling in the Case “Sejdić and Finci vs. Bosnia and Herzegovina”?

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    Saša GAVRIĆ

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The ruling of the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg in December 2009 in the Sejdic and Finci vs. Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH case has set a clear task for BiH institutions and political elites: the political system of BiH must be reorganised in such a way so that all citizens be able to run and be elected for the BiH Presidency and House of Peoples of the BiH Parliamentary Assembly, regardless of their ethnic origin. Since 2010 till today we have heard a number of discussions on the implementation of the decision, but none of them found consensus among BiH political elites. Based on the opinions of the Venice Commission, the Swiss political system and the analysis of the actual BiH political structure, a proposal for the implementation of the ruling Sejdic and Finci will be presented in this text. It foresees the abolishment of the Presidency and House of Peoples of the Parliamentary Assembly by creating a unicameral parliamentary political system in BiH, with a more functional decision making process. The executive power will not be anymore divided between the collective head of the state (Presidency and the state government (Council of Ministers, but would be focused on only one body: the Council of Ministers.

  3. Challenge of goodness: twelve humanitarian proposals based on the experience of 1991-1995 wars in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, S

    1998-03-01

    Based on the 1991-1995 war experience of peoples of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, I made twelve proposals regarding the following aspects of health, humanitarian work, and human rights: 1. Broadening of the WHO definition of health by including spiritual well-being (absence of hatred) in it, 2. Inclusion of the term genocide into the Index Medicus (MeSH), 3. Establishment of concepts of prevention of hate, 4. Right to a home, 5. Right of civilians to participate in defense and renewal, 6. Right to deliberation from enslavement and right to find out the fate of missing persons, 7. Global hospital, 8. Monitoring of prisoner-of-war camps, 9. Refugee camps, 10. Providing of care for the abandoned - a new category of people suffering in war, 11. Introduction of the Helping Hand concept, 12. Organization of the Red Cross Forum after the cessation of hostilities. The fundamental objective was to establish the legitimacy of honesty in practice, regulative social mechanisms, and science.

  4. The contribution of the Youth Communication Center (YCC to the peace building process in the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the region

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    Kelava Vera

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Ever since its formation, the YCC has been working intensely on the reconciliation process and peace building. Over the past few years, we have implemented programs and conducted activities aimed at different categories of the population (refugees and displaced persons, ethnic minorities returnees, discharged soldiers, representatives of political parties representatives of local NGO-s, etc in more than 40 communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina and broader. During our activities, we have developed a methodology of education on reconciliation and peace building by adapting the experiences of the good practice from other countries to the needs of the local environment we work in. In addition, we also organize programs aiming at connecting the young people in the region, actions and campaigns of public advocacy aimed at bringing about democratic change on the local and on the state level, counseling and psychotherapy for the vulnerable groups of citizens, continual media promotion of reconciliation over radio programs, we organize education for local experts dealing with reconciliation issues etc.

  5. Comparative Structural Dynamics of the Janj Mixed Old-Growth Mountain Forest in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Are Conifers in a Long-Term Decline?

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    Srdjan Keren

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Regression of conifers in European mixed old-growth mountain forests has been observed for a long period and studied from different aspects. Old-growth (OG forests in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH have not experienced heavy air pollution and chronic overbrowsing that have affected many other European OG forests, while climatic and anthropogenic disturbances have been well documented. We analysed stand structure in the Janj OG forest, compared it with inventories of Lom and Perucica OG forests (BiH and with earlier inventories of the same reserves. At present, OG forest Janj is characterized by a high growing stock (1215 m3∙ha−1. This is due to good site quality, prevalence of conifers (84% and dominant endogenous processes in recent decades. In all three OG forests, indicators of structural change exhibited progression of European beech over time. Historical evidence revealed the occurrence of warm summers and droughts followed by bark beetle outbreaks in the 1920s, 1940s and early 1950s, which in turn influenced a marked conifer decline. It seems likely that repeated canopy opening released waves of European beech regeneration. These stand structural changes have delayed the rejuvenation of conifers and can help explain the early observations of conifer decline.

  6. ENTRY OF THE AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD SECTOR IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA INTO WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION: THE EXPERIENCE FROM SLOVENIA AND CROATIA

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    M IVANKOVIĆ

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH has an observer status in World Trade Organisation (WTO with an expectation to become a member of this organisation under a developing country’s status. BiH has experienced a large deficit in trade in agri-food products. Domestic agriculture and the food sector have experienced diffi culties to cope with the increased competition at international and domestic markets. Under the deteriorating agri-food trade patterns, there are growing political pressures by agricultural interest groups against agricultural and food trade liberalisation. This causes confl ict of interests in a strategy for completion of the negotiation process with WTO. As some countries in the region already successfully completed the entry into WTO (e.g. Croatia or both the entry into WTO and into EU (e.g. Slovenia, we underline these two country experiences. The paper draws attention to opportunities in this BiH path to WTO on a way to EU membership.

  7. REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN EU’S BORDER AREAS: CROATIA AS A REGIONAL MODEL FOR DESTINATION BRANDING STRATEGY IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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    Maja PULIC

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The newest member joined the European Union (EU with a well-conceived destination branding strategy. Croatia is becoming more and more identifiable world-wide by creating a distinctive brand in order to maintain a solid positioning as a destination place. As competition is becoming more intense, an increasing number of countries struggle to make themselves visible in the global tourism market. Tourism dominates the Croatian service sector, where the bulk of the tourist industry is concentrated along the Adriatic Sea coast. Although not very successful in public diplomacy, a complex system of coordinated activities that Croatia implemented resulted in strengthening the perception and image of the overall destination brand. This research aims at exploring the Croatian destination branding strategy as a potential model for its closest neighboring country, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH. Sharing a common history, borders and people, BIH and Croatia represent a unique comparative case study for regional spill-over development between the EU and non-EU countries. Therefore, this study takes into account what has been done so far on both sides regarding destination branding strategy, thus exploring what lessons could be learned from Croatia and what is the best future regional approach for creating a BIH’s destination brand.

  8. Use of Wild and Semi-Wild Edible Plants in Nutrition and Survival of People in 1430 Days of Siege of Sarajevo during the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992–1995)

    OpenAIRE

    Redžić, Sulejman

    2010-01-01

    This study is a systematic overview of data on use of wild and semi-wild edible plants in nutrition of people in 1430 days of the siege of Sarajevo during aggression on Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992–1995). The author of this study spent all that time in Sarajevo. In 1993, the author prepared a survival program for people that included usage of edible wild plants. In addition, he conducted a detailed survey, including special interviews, on 630 people of average age 37.4 years (55% residential ...

  9. OLD WORKS OF ART AND FOUNDATION BUILDINGS IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA AFTER THE INVASION: THE NEWSPAPER VATAN SAMPLE
    İŞGAL SONRASI BOSNA-HERSEK’TE ESKİ ESER VE VAKIF ESERLERİ: VATAN GAZETESİ ÖRNEĞİ

    OpenAIRE

    EKİZ, Mehmet

    2012-01-01

    It has been known that there have been lots of Turkish/Islamic works of art in the Balkans. This also includes Bosnia-Herzegovina, which is situated in the far-edge of the Balkans. The works of art which were built during Ottoman Era and protected with the help of the foundations all were left behind after the invasion (1878). Restorations of old works of art in the area which were damaged during wars was brought to agenda after the change in the strategies of Austria-Hungary in order to sta...

  10. Prevalence of behavioral risk factors of non-communicable diseases among urban and rural population in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Aida Pilav

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The objective of the paper is to analyze and to assess prevalence of the major behavioral risk factors among adult population (25-64 years of age in the rural and urban areas in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBIH.Methods Data were taken from cross-sectional population survey on the health status population in the FBIH. To ensure a sample representative for the adult population in the FBIH it was applied the two-stage stratified systematic sample. The survey covered a total of 2735 adult population aged 25-64 years, of which 1087 in the urban areas and 1648 in rural areas.Results. The prevalence of smoking among men in rural areas is significantly higher than among men in urban areas (69% vs. 55%, while the prevalence of smoking among women is higher in urban than in rural areas (45% vs. 31%. There is no statistically significant difference in prevalence of obesity and physical activity according to the age groups among men and women in the urban and rural areas. The frequency of changes in behavior related to acquiring healthy living habits in the rural areas is statistically significant among men and women, while in the urban areas there is no statistical significance among the sexes.Conclusions. The results indicate that there are no significant differences in prevalence of factor risks in urban and rural areas. Prevalence of unhealthy lifestyles is high, and the results should be used to improve standard planning of health promotion-prevention programs.

  11. Comparative assessment of passive surveillance in disease-free and endemic situation: Example of Brucella melitensis surveillance in Switzerland and in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Haracic Sabina

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Globalization and subsequent growth in international trade in animals and animal products has increased the importance of international disease reporting. Efficient and reliable surveillance systems are needed in order to document the disease status of a population at a given time. In this context, passive surveillance plays an important role in early warning systems. However, it is not yet routinely integrated in the assessment of disease surveillance systems because different factors like the disease awareness (DA of people reporting suspect cases influence the detection performance of passive surveillance. In this paper, we used scenario tree methodology in order to evaluate and compare the quality and benefit of abortion testing (ABT for Brucella melitensis (Bm between the disease free situation in Switzerland (CH and a hypothetical disease free situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH, taking into account DA levels assumed for the current endemic situation in BH. Results The structure and input parameters of the scenario tree were identical for CH and BH with the exception of population data in small ruminants and the DA in farmers and veterinarians. The sensitivity analysis of the stochastic scenario tree model showed that the small ruminant population structure and the DA of farmers were important influential parameters with regard to the unit sensitivity of ABT in both CH and BH. The DA of both farmers and veterinarians was assumed to be higher in BH than in CH due to the current endemic situation in BH. Although the same DA cannot necessarily be assumed for the modelled hypothetical disease free situation as for the actual endemic situation, it shows the importance of the higher vigilance of people reporting suspect cases on the probability that an average unit processed in the ABT-component would test positive. Conclusion The actual sensitivity of passive surveillance approaches heavily depends on the context in

  12. Analysis of CYP3A4*1B and CYP3A5*3 polymorphisms in population of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Sabina Semiz

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Aim Differences in the frequency of distribution of the cytochromeP450 (CYP allelic variants have been demonstrated between distinct ethnic groups, contributing to observed interindividual variation in drug response. In this study we determined, for the irst time, prevalence of the common allelic variants of the polymorphic CYP enzymes, CYP3A4*1B and CYP3A5*3, in the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH. Methods Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples collected from 140 unrelated subjects. A real-time PCR was used for the detection of CYP polymorphisms, with the application of the speciic TaqMan® SNP Genotyping Assay (Applied Biosystemsfor CYP3A5*3, while CYP3A4*1B was genotyped by high-resolution melting analysis. Results Our results have shown that the distribution of CYP3A4*1B and CYP3A5*3 alleles was in line with the data reported in European Caucasians. We conirmed that CYP3A4*1B mutant allele is rare in Caucasians, being present in only 5.1% individuals. However, CYP3A5*3 polymorphism was found to be predominant in the Bosnian population with an incidence of 94%, similarly to other European populations tested so far. Interestingly, we have demonstrated a strong linkage disequilibrium between CYP3A5*3 and CYP3A4*1B alleles. No signiicant difference in allele frequencies for CYP3A4*1B and CYP3A5*3 has been shown between male and female subjects participating in our study. Conclusion Our data demonstrated the high prevalence of CYP3A5*3 allele in Bosnian population, indicating signiicance of analysis of CYP3A5 and CYP3A4 polymorphisms and corresponding allele frequencies in speciic ethnic groups. Importantly, results of this study may lead to translation of pharmacogenetics and individualized therapeutic approach in current clinical practices in BH.

  13. Communication of 30 September 1996 received from the resident representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Slovenia to the International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of a letter dated 29 august 1996 received on 4 September 1996 by the Director General of IAEA from the Resident Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Slovenia regarding certain references to 'Yugoslavia' and 'the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)' in the Annual Report for 1995 in connection with Agency membership and participation in international treaties which was distributed in document GC(40)/INF/10. The text of the Director General's reply dated 17 September 1996 to that letter, and the text of a new letter dated 30 September 1996 received on 9 October 1996 by the Director General from the same Resident Representatives referring to the Director General's letter of 17 September are also included

  14. An Examination of the Ethnicity-Specific Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Substance Use and Misuse: Cross-Sectional Analysis of Croatian and Bosniak Adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Dusko Bjelica

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Substance use and misuse (SUM in adolescence is a significant public health problem and the extent to which adolescents exhibit SUM behaviors differs across ethnicity. This study aimed to explore the ethnicity-specific and gender-specific associations among sports factors, familial factors, and personal satisfaction with physical appearance (i.e., covariates and SUM in a sample of adolescents from Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In this cross-sectional study the participants were 1742 adolescents (17–18 years of age from Bosnia and Herzegovina who were in their last year of high school education (high school seniors. The sample comprised 772 Croatian (558 females and 970 Bosniak (485 females adolescents. Variables were collected using a previously developed and validated questionnaire that included questions on SUM (alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, and consumption of other drugs, sport factors, parental education, socioeconomic status, and satisfaction with physical appearance and body weight. The consumption of cigarettes remains high (37% of adolescents smoke cigarettes, with a higher prevalence among Croatians. Harmful drinking is also alarming (evidenced in 28.4% of adolescents. The consumption of illicit drugs remains low with 5.7% of adolescents who consume drugs, with a higher prevalence among Bosniaks. A higher likelihood of engaging in SUM is found among children who quit sports (for smoking and drinking, boys who perceive themselves to be good looking (for smoking, and girls who are not satisfied with their body weight (for smoking. Higher maternal education is systematically found to be associated with greater SUM in Bosniak girls. Information on the associations presented herein could be discretely disseminated as a part of regular school administrative functions. The results warrant future prospective studies that more precisely identify the causality among certain variables.

  15. Method of Business Organization in Bosnia and Herzegovinian Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Kenan Spaho

    2009-01-01

    Business organization can be based on science or empirical method. Science method is based on organization models and definitions from literature and empirical method is based on experience in doing business. We will research which method is used in Bosnia and Herzegovina companies. Our research objects were four companies which are temporarily the best in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Energoinvest dd Sarajevo, Energoinvest SUE, Energoinvest TDS, Butmir d.o.o. Our goal is to investigate all element...

  16. National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina-in Sarajevo Its Fate and Prospects for Revival Saraybosna'daki Bosna-Hersek Ulusal ve Üniversite Kütüphanesi Yazgısı Ve Yeniden Kurulması İle İlgili Beklent

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    Enes Kuyumcic

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available The National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina was destructed during a bombardment in 1992. The Library has lost very many valuable irreplaceable materials together with its catalogue. The Library was a legal depository since 1945 and it had also become a university library in 1957. Its collections included works in many languages reflecting the multicultural character of Bosnia, rare books, archive materials, and scientific books and journals. The Library used to offer information services and used IT in its work over the last ten years. It was a focal point for library and information reserach and provided guidance and supervision to other libraries in Bosnia and Herzegovina. International assistance is required for the revival of the Library and UNESCO has started a programme. The National and University Library Bosnia and Herzegovina (NUB BiH in Sarajevo was destroyed during the night of 25 August 1992. The precious collections of books, archival material and periodicals representing the memory of many generations perished during the bombardment. The Library Catalogue together with an irreplaceable collection of journals, published since the middle of the 19th Century in Bosnia and Herzegovina and other parts of former Yugoslavia, were also lost. Only a small portion of the Library holdings was saved and is now housed in five different lo cations within the city. The written records in various languages and scripts were witness to the multi-cultural, multiethnic ans multireligious character of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The NUBBiH housed ca. 2 Million volumes and other items including ca. 6.000 periodicals most of which were catalogued according to the international bibliographic description standards. The Automated Library Catalogue had been started a few years ago before the war, and the staff was provided with training in modern technology and carried out library and information research. 1992 yılında bir bombard

  17. No difference in the intention to engage others in academic transgression among medical students from neighboring countries: a cross-national study on medical students from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Macedonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Đogaš, Varja; Donev, Doncho M.; Kukolja-Taradi, Sunčana; Đogaš, Zoran; Ilakovac, Vesna; Novak, Anita; Jerončić, Ana

    2016-01-01

    Aim To asses if the level of intention to engage others in academic transgressions was comparable among medical students from five schools from neighboring Southern-European countries: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia; and medical students from western EU studying at Split, Croatia. Methods Five medical schools were surveyed in 2011, with ≥87% of the targeted population sampled and a response rate of ≥76%. Students’ intention to engage a family member, friend, colleague, or a stranger in academic transgression was measured using a previously validated the Intention to Engage Others in Academic Transgression (IEOAT) questionnaire and compared with their intention to ask others for a non-academic, material favor. Data on students’ motivation measured by Work Preference Inventory scale, and general data were also collected. Multiple linear regression models of the intention to engage others in a particular behavior were developed. Results The most important determinants of the intention to engage others in academic transgression were psychological factors, such as intention to ask others for a material favor, or students’ motivation (median determinant’s β of 0.18, P ≤ 0.045 for all), whereas social and cultural factors associated with the country of origin were either weak (median β of 0.07, P ≤ 0.031) or not relevant. A significant proportion of students were aware of the ethical violations in academic transgressions (P ≤ 0.004 for all transgressions), but a large proportion of students also perceived academic cheating as a collective effort and were likely to engage people randomly (P ≤ 0.001 for all, but the most severe transgression). This collective effort was more pronounced for academic than non-academic behavior. Conclusion Culture differences among neighboring Southern-European countries were not an important determinant of the intention to engage others in academic cheating. PMID:27586553

  18. OLD WORKS OF ART AND FOUNDATION BUILDINGS IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA AFTER THE INVASION: THE NEWSPAPER VATAN SAMPLE İŞGAL SONRASI BOSNA-HERSEK’TE ESKİ ESER VE VAKIF ESERLERİ: VATAN GAZETESİ ÖRNEĞİ

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    Mehmet EKİZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available It has been known that there have been lots of Turkish/Islamic works of art in the Balkans. This also includes Bosnia-Herzegovina, which is situated in the far-edge of the Balkans. The works of art which were built during Ottoman Era and protected with the help of the foundations all were left behind after the invasion (1878. Restorations of old works of art in the area which were damaged during wars was brought to agenda after the change in the strategies of Austria-Hungary in order to stay in the area by getting the support and the trust of the local people. The efforts that started 7-8 years after the invasion aimed to reveal the foundations and works of art belonging to them such as inn, hammams, bridge, mosque, school, fountain. It was also due to the struggles and efforts of the Bosnians and foundation trustees.This study offers a total evaluation of the news in the newspaper Vatan regarding the registration and the restoration of the foundations and old works of art after the invasion. The news about the foundation and the works reflected in the newspaper had vital role in molding public opinion and also forming a new contemporary understanding of the works. With the help of this study, the unknown texts on the newspaper will be brought to light and the conditions of some of the Turkish/Islamic works of art especially in Bosnia during nineteenth century will be revealed. Balkanlardaki Türk/İslam eserlerinin çokluğu bilinmektedir. Balkan coğrafyasının en uç noktasındaki Bosna-Hersek de bu kapsamdadır. Osmanlı döneminde inşa edilen ve vakıflar aracılığı ile korunan eserler, işgalden sonra (1878 kaderlerine terk edilmiştir. Avusturya-Macaristan’ın bölge ile ilgili stratejik planında yaptığı değişiklik ve bölgede daha güçlü bir zemine oturan bölgede kalma isteği, sonucu halkın güvenini ve belki de gönlünü kazanmayı ve bunu sağlamak içinde bölgede yer alan özellikle savaş sırasında harap olan

  19. TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNER STUDENTS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA SPEAKING ANXIETY INVESTIGATION OF DIFFERENT VARIABLES/YABANCI DİL OLARAK TÜRKÇE ÖĞRENEN BOSNA-HERSEKLİ ÖĞRENCİLERİN KONUŞMA KAYGILARININ ÇEŞİTLİ DEĞİŞKENLER AÇISINDAN İNCELENMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emrah BOYLU

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this study are to examine the Turkish speaking anxieties of the students who are learning Turkish as a foreign language in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to evaluate it in terms of different variables. 63 students participated in this research. The data was collected from “the Speech Anxiety Scale” developed by Melanlıoğlu and Demir (2013 and “Personal Information Forms” conducted to students. Concerning this study, which examines the Turkish speaking anxieties of the students who are learning Turkish as a foreign in Yunus Emre Turkish Cultural Centre Sarajevo with several variables in terms of student learning as a foreign language speaking anxiety, it can be declared that the students feel anxiety up to some extent but the level of this anxiety is not high. According to the survey results, the average scores of the speaking anxiety of the male students are a little more than female students; but there is no significant difference between the sex, age, professions, levels continued, visiting Turkey before, and using the Turkish language out of class of the students’ and the Turkish speaking anxieties. Bu çalışmada, Türkçeyi yabancı dil olarak öğrenen Bosna-Hersekli öğrencilerin konuşma kaygıları belirlenmeye ve çeşitli değişkenler açısından değerlendirmeye çalışılmıştır. Araştırmaya 63 öğrenci katılmıştır. Araştırmaya temel teşkil eden veriler, Melanlıoğlu ve Demir (2013 tarafından geliştirilen “Konuşma Kaygısı Ölçeği” ve araştırmacılar tarafından hazırlanan “Kişisel Bilgi Formu” ile toplanmıştır. Saraybosna TKM’de Türkçeyi yabancı dil olarak öğrenen öğrencilerin konuşma kaygılarının çeşitli değişkenler açısından incelendiği bu araştırmada, öğrencilerin Türkçe konuşurken belli bir oranda kaygı duydukları; fakat bu kaygının yüksek olmadığı söylenilebilir. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre, erkek öğrencilerin konu

  20. Consumer Attitude Toward Mobile Marketing in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Irma Jasarspahic; Teoman Duman

    2014-01-01

    Driven by the ongoing evolution in mobile technologies and the increasing popularity of the internet, the mobile marketing is becoming more and more popular to marketers whose aim is definitely to promote their goods and services to the consumer. Since many people are still unaware of the potential of marketing via mobile devices this research aimed to examine factors based on content of mobile marketing (entertainment, information, irritation, utility and personalization) and frequency facto...

  1. Consumer Attitude Toward Mobile Marketing in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irma Jasarspahic

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Driven by the ongoing evolution in mobile technologies and the increasing popularity of the internet, the mobile marketing is becoming more and more popular to marketers whose aim is definitely to promote their goods and services to the consumer. Since many people are still unaware of the potential of marketing via mobile devices this research aimed to examine factors based on content of mobile marketing (entertainment, information, irritation, utility and personalization and frequency factor that are affecting the formation of attitude toward mobile marketing targeting BH consumers, and also will try bring to light the response behavior of consumers attitude toward mobile marketing practices and how consumers perceive mobile marketing in BH. The research approach for this study is descriptive and the data was collected by 200 online surveys from young population of BH. The data was analyzed using the software program SPSS. Based on analysis and findings, variables of content have different effect on consumer attitude. Research has shown that a lot of respondents believe mobile marketing is a good idea and that they certainly eases the need for products and services. This paper could be used as a good basis for future research on bigger sample.

  2. BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA MONETARY SYSTEM AND TRADE DEFICIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko Đogo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Currency Board system in BHgained solid confidence of BH public thanks to therelatively low inflation rate in the period since it hasbeen introduced as well as thanks to its resistance tothe shock created by current world economy crisis.Still, some economists are very suspicious about itslong terms subsistence relating it to the constantlyhigh trade deficit and low unemployment rate in thecountry. A discussion about satisfaction of Marshal-Lerner-Robinson’s requirement for successfuldevaluation has arisen because the foreign currencyexchange rate was one of the measures suggested bythis group of economists. Tests conducted in thispaper show that this requirement is not satisfied.Consequently, BH should turn to the real economyreforms instead of the measures of abandonment ofpresent monetary system.

  3. Personal Narrative on the Education Processes in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    McDermott, J. Cynthia; Panjeta, Lejla

    2013-01-01

    The first section of this paper describes briefly the history of education reform in the former Yugoslavia. Under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito (1892-1980), who made a significant and lasting commitment to education, vast improvements were made in the educational system. The significant legislative reforms in the education system were introduced under Tito's regime. Then, this paper also weaves together the personal narrative of Professor Lejla Panjeta, a student during the 1472 day siege...

  4. RISK MANAGEMENT IN LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Anela Čolak; Zora Marijanović; Josipa Grbavac

    2014-01-01

    Despite the global economic crisis, life insurances in BiH are being in positive trend and their number rises. The paper is aimed to analyze the degree of development of risk management systems in life insurance companies in BiH. In particular, the authors have tried to establish the existence of policies and procedures in the framework of risk management in life insurance companies. Also, the most common risks identified by insurance companies are the following: liquidity risk, risk of chang...

  5. Windcube + FCR test at Hrgud, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagner, Rozenn; Bejdic, Jasmin

    by about 1.5%; but this deviation was fairly independent from the wind direction. This measurement campaign also highlighted a couple of important technical points, such as the importance of well protecting the lidar power supply in order to avoid any damage of the instruments, due to lightning hits...

  6. Patients Perception of Community Pharmacist in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Catic, Tarik; Jusufovic, Fatima Insanic; Tabakovic, Vedad

    2013-01-01

    Community pharmacists play a significant role in patient/disease management and perception by patients is increasingly important. A self-administered questionnaire was developed consisted of sociodemographic part and 15 questions. Patients have a positive overall perception of community pharmacists that is comparable to most studies in Europe. Community pharmacists’ beyond dispensing drugs play a significant role in patient and disease management. This role of the pharmacist is performed thro...

  7. Sustainable Mountain Tourism: An Analysis of Bosnia-Herzegovina’s Wine Tourism and its Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hudelson John

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bosnia-Herzegovina (B-H remains one of the most underdeveloped countries on the European Continent [1] yet it holds great potential as a tourist destination for outdoor adventurers, history enthusiasts, and now, wine connoisseurs. The southern part of this merged nation has always been an area of wine production, but the industry has been slow to develop into a net exporter of its wines. The author and many of the industry’s supporters believe that it would be more lucrative to follow in the footsteps of its western neighbor, Croatia, and develop the wine industry through wine tourism. Utilizing historical data, interviews, analysis of governmental statistics, review of the literature and finally a SWOT analysis, this paper suggests changes and expenditures required for Bosnia-Herzegovina to become a successful wine tourism destination. It is hoped that the suggestions made herein will direct further discussions if not actions in that direction.

  8. [Travel experiences in Central- and Eastern Europe: Bosnia--the land behind the mirror].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Offerhaus, L

    2000-01-15

    Bosnia-Herzegovina is an artificial state created after four years of gruesome war; it is composed of two countries intertwined like the pieces of a jigsaw puzzle. An uneasy truce binds the two halves, the Republika Srpska and the Muslim-Croat Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina together. Under the conditions of the Dayton accord these two have to collaborate and unify their administrative systems under the watching eye of the European Union (EU) and thousands of heavily armed soldiers and policemen. One of these EU-sponsored programmes is the unification of systems of acquisition, registration and distribution of medicines, delegated to the EU reconstruction programme PHARE. Whereas the Serbian half used to buy its drugs from Belgrade, the Muslim-Croatian half was almost fully dependent on international aid. Though some of the local experts have been very helpful, both systems are riddled by corruption and inefficiency and a successful outcome will be little short of a miracle.

  9. The prevalence of avian chlamydiosis (Chlamydophila psittaci) in Bosnia and Hezegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Rešidbegović Emina; Kavazović Aida; Gagić A.; Kustura Aida; Goletić T.; Vlahović Ksenija; Šatrović E.; Dovč Alenka

    2006-01-01

    In the article are presented the results of our research on chlamydophilosis in parrots, free-living and breeding pigeons, and intensive breeding chickens in Bosnia and Herzegovina. For detection of the antigen two immunoenzyme tests for the detection of antibodies against Chlamydophila psittaci and a complement fixation test by a Kolmer and indirect immunofluorescence method (BioMerieux, France) were used. From a total of 275 samples of cloacal swabs the presence of Chlamydophila psittaci an...

  10. Morphometrical Characteristics of the Broader Area of Duvanjsko Polje, Bosnia and Hercegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Denis Radoš; Sanja Lozić; Ante Šiljeg

    2012-01-01

    The objects of this study are the hillslopes in the broader area of Duvanjsko polje (Bosnia and Herzegovina). Slopes can be defined as relief surfaces determined by geographical position, slope inclination (related with horizontal surface), aspect, and degree of curvature (profile and planar).Recent slope shapes can be defined as results of series of natural and anthropogenic factors during relief genesis and evolution. It is possible to correlate slope characteristics with geological structu...

  11. TERRITORIAL GOVERNANCE IN RURAL BOSNIA: THE ROLE OF LOCAL INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS IN SARAJEVO­ OMANIJA REGION

    OpenAIRE

    Vittuari, Matteo; El Bilali, Hamid; Sinisa BERJAN

    2012-01-01

    Rural economy in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is getting more diversified and it is slowly moving out from the traditional dependency on the agricultural sector. Although national and municipal budgets are still mainly focused on direct support to production, the number of organizations engaged in rural governance is rapidly growing and their role in policy design and delivery is getting increasingly important. The aim of this paper is to analyze the network and the coordination capacity of l...

  12. INTRODUCING A FRAMEWORK FOR KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES: THE CASE OF BOSNIA AND HERCEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabina Đonlagić

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the modern socio-economic movements, in theory appears the term ''new economy'', which is based on knowledge as a strategic resource – an economy based on knowledge. Coming to conclusion, according to the thesis of classical and modern economists, it can be said that responsible knowledge, a knowledge society about true global and regional problems of society are starting assumption not only for the reform of the today’s economic theory and politics but also for the reform of the world economic order. Anyway, knowledge economy is reality and necessity in Europe, which comes also from the basic strategy of the EU for the next decade. However, a reasonable question is set: Where is Bosnia and Herzegovina, at the moment, in terms of global flows of knowledge? Going towards European family Bosnia and Herzegovina needs to develop a knowledge society and knowledge economy in the long run. In what way to create it and what model to- these are questions which we are trying to answer in this paper. The results of an extensive research which has been conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina with the goal of identifying key drivers of the knowledge economy and a proposition of the model for its development in the country have been presented in this paper.

  13. Seismotectonics of Bosnia - Overview

    CERN Document Server

    Omerbashich, M

    2006-01-01

    Seismotectonics of Bosnia seems to follow the Mediterranean marine regime. Earthquakes occur mostly in the outer Dinaric Alps (southern Bosnia), while the strongest earthquakes occur within the Sarajevo Fault system in southern and northwestern Bosnia. In addition to active tectonics being strong, crustal earthquakes occur often as well. Due to rich hydrogeology, crustal loading such as by snow and rain, or reservoir inundation, represents the most important secondary seismogenic source in the region. Despite its exquisite and active geomorphology no comprehensive and reliable geodynamical studies exist on the region. Seismic sensors coverage is extremely poor also. One centenary analogue, and a few recently installed digital seismometers are insufficient for a region that exhibits mild to high seismic activity. Significant investments are needed in order for GPS, seismic and other sensor instrumented networks to be put in place or enhanced. Technical personnel needs to be educated to enable support provide f...

  14. YURT DIŞINDA YAŞAYAN TÜRK ÇOCUKLARININ ANA DİLİ KULLANIMI VE KÜLTÜR AÇISINDAN KARŞILAŞTIKLARI SORUNLAR: BOSNA HERSEK ÖRNEĞİ / MOTHER LANGUAGE USAGE AND CULTURAL IN TERMS PROBLEMS FACE WITH OF TURKISH CHILDREN LIVING ABROAD: THE CASE OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa ARSLAN

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, mother language usage of Turkish kids who live in Bosnia and their interactions with their parents, cultural issues and problems of parents about keeping up their culture and language were investigated. Individuals who decided to live in abroad with different reasons have to be related with the culture and language of the place where they have been. It has been known that kids at school age have facing problems not only learning their mother tongue but also country's language. This situation cause problems on children's education and in their cultural identity. A culture of its own does not occur native and non-conscious children. Begin to experience personal problems these individuals where they once lived. It is experiencing this problem today, thousands of Turkish children living abroad. In a content of a qualitative research a survey created to seek the opinions of experts and scan the the related resources. And data collected via face to face meetings with mentioned children's parents. And the collected data was analyzed in excel. In Bosnia there isn't any book and a schedule to aim to teach Turkish language as mother tongue and there isn't any plan about the development of learning mother tongue with activities indoor or outdoor of the school. And also it's observed that they remain foreign to their culture and they are under influence of the culture where they live.

  15. A new Pseudoscorpion from Bosnia: Roncus bosniensis n. sp. (Neobisiidae, Pseudoscorpiones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćurčić B.P.M.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species of troglobitic false scorpion, Roncus bosniensis n. sp. (Neobisiidae, Pseudoscorpiones, is described from inside an underground habitat, the Jama Pored Puta Pit, nr. Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The analyzed pseudoscorpion proves to differ from all other congeners, but is closest to R. hajnehaj Ćurčić & Dimitrijević. It is possible that the subterranean pseudoscorpion analyzed represents a relict of an old tropical faunal pattern of the Mediterranean. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 173038

  16. Gestor de incidencias

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilera Deixt, José

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo de fin de carrera se plantea en base al análisis, planificación y desarrollo de una aplicación web basada en el modelo Java EE, que permitirá la gestión de incidencias, enfocado a empresas que dan soporte de software y hardware. Aquest treball de fi de carrera es planteja en base a l'anàlisi, planificació i desenvolupament d'una aplicació web basada en el model Java EE, que permetrà la gestió d'incidències, enfocat a empreses que donen suport de programari i maquinari....

  17. Health Effects of Sexual Violence against Woman as a War Weapon: Case of Bosnia War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibel Gogen;

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Health effects and human rights dimensions of sexual violence against women, a public health and human rights problem, evaluated by the case of Bosnia War. METHODS: Bosnia War, United Nations resolutions, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY cases, activities of NGOs, approaches of WHO, Dayton Peace Agreement, current health programs were evaluated with the health effects and human rights dimensions of sexual violence against women. RESULTS: Sexual violence against women and systematic rapes were used as an “ethnic cleaning” tool and war weapon during Bosnia War, estimated 20.000-60.000 women and girls were raped systematically, captivated in rape camps, exposed to sexual violence. Medical care following the sexual violence against women and rape should include; Determination and teatment of injuries, forensic notice and documentation, preventive and curative services for Sexually Transmitted Diseases including HIV/AIDS, emergency contraceptive services, safe medical abortus, follow up of pregnancies, psychosocial support and services and training of health care professionals. Mental Health Reform became a priority health topic for Bosnia Herzegovina aftermath of the Bosnia War. Taking measures to prevent social stigmatism of the victims, economic support and implementation of rehabilitation programs, punishment of the perpetrators to repair social and community bonds are important. ICTY investigates and punishes the crimes of rapes and sexual violence against women. CONCLUSION: UN defines the violence against women and rapes during wars as “crime against humanity”. Besides improving the status of women, comprehensive approaches with the cooperation of medical, legal and social organisations are needed. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2011; 10(1.000: 119-126

  18. Croatia and Bosnia: the imprints of war--I. Consequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, R

    1999-06-19

    As Serbia and Kosovo emerge from yet another European war, their people's health and the region's health care, scientific research, and medical education have been seriously damaged and disrupted. There are lessons to be learned from recent Balkan wars, lessons that might help doctors, international relief organisations, and governments to do better than they have done elsewhere during the long reconstruction period that will follow this recent savage conflict. An analysis of the medical legacies of war may also raise issues for doctors worldwide to consider as part of their role in a larger public-health community. For a week in May, 1999, I travelled to Croatia and the Croat-Muslim Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina to meet doctors working in peace but next to war. In the first part of this essay, I briefly survey some of the medical consequences of the Croatian and Bosnian conflicts. In the second part, to be published in the June 26 Issue, I consider plans for and limitations to restoration, and try to identify possible opportunities for prevention of the adverse health effects of war in a newly enlarged Europe.

  19. Marketing Factors Affecting Leasing Selection in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Case Study on VB Leasing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almir Ljeskovica

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In constantly changing environment all types of companies need some support from various types of funding institutions. Companies use their own resources to finance some projects or purchases but also take loans, mostly from banks to have additional support or in case of lack of money. Beside small, medium, as well as big companies, physical persons also use different types of financing to achieve their goals and fulfil their needs. Financing companies need to recognize the criteria on which prospective customers establish their financing selection decision. Planning a proper marketing strategy in order to attract new customers is of crucial importance in identifying these criteria. The main purpose of the study is to identify which factors affects people to choose leasing services. For data collection and analyse both, qualitative and quantitative study is conducted. Data for this study were collected through surveys delivered to 65 VB Leasing users from Sarajevo region. Out of 65, 57 useful responses were accepted for further analysis. Also interview was done with director of VB Leasing for qualitative study in order to get more insights in this topic. Findings of the study show what are the important factors for leasing selection and these information can support leasing managers in designing marketing strategies for perspective customers.

  20. Will the Internet set us free: New media and old politics in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Turčilo, Lejla

    2010-01-01

    The Internet has become a significant tool and very important channel of political communication in contemporary world. The first advocates of on-line political communication promoted the idea that the Internet is removing barriers to free information flow between political decision-makers and those in whose favor these decisions are made (public) and that incorporation of the Internet in political communication sphere causes changes of former dominant models of political communication, based...

  1. Job Satisfaction of Banking Sector Employees in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emira KOZAREVIC

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Banks worldwide are looking for new and creative ways to operate and achieve competitive advantages under the global recession conditions. The recession effects have forced the banks to look into more effective utilisation of internal resources and their potential. Human resources are recognised as the key element in successful business navigation through difficult market conditions, including competition with other banks and non-banking financial institutions. This is even more important for the banks operating in developing countries, where the effects of the recession are considerably harsher. Many studies have acknowledged the direct link between productivity and the level of employee satisfaction. This work aims to establish and recognise some of the main factors associated with the job satisfaction of banking employees in the Federation of BiH and provide useful guidance to bank managers in this region and beyond, as a contribution to their continuous improvement efforts in business and people management during these challenging times. The research is predominantly based on the survey conducted in the banking sector of the Federation of BiH in 2013. The survey sample covers 529 respondents that represent 7.4% of the overall banking employee sector base of 7,130. The analysis of survey results, supported by empirical research and the review of related literature, revealed that job satisfaction amongst the bankers is determined by a wide spectrum of factors such as: demographic characteristics, management and supervision, monetary compensation, non-monetary recognition, work environment, job responsibility and type of tasks, social atmosphere at work and general satisfaction with life.

  2. Age at Menarche and Premenstrual Syndrome in Adolescent Girls with Intellectual Disability in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibralic, Inga; Sinanovic, Osman; Memisevic, Haris

    2010-01-01

    The issues involving menstruation are the topic of many scientific inquires in the fields of medicine, psychology, sociology and anthropology. The aim of this study was to determine the age at menarche and the most common symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in adolescent girls with intellectual disability. The main method of data collection…

  3. Depression in Parents of Children with Cerebral Palsy in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Sinanović

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to examine depression in parents of children with cerebral palsy, with hypothesis to have more depressive symptom among mothers of children with cerebral palsy. The sample of examinees (between 23 and 62 age was used in this research. The first subsample of examinees (N=23 was made of mothers (average 33±5.83 of children with cerebral palsy. The second subsample of examinees (N=12 was made of fathers of children with cerebral palsy (average 38±9.8. The third subsample of examinees (N=16 represented the control group, and it was made of mothers of children without disorders (average 38±6.57. For the purpose of quantitative measurement of depression, the Zung self-evaluated method for depression was applied. All data research were processed by parametric and nonparametric statistics. The frequencies and percents were also calculated, and Kruskal-Valis single-factor analysis of variants was applied for checking the hypothesis. According to the results of this research, it was concluded that there was no statistically significant difference in the evaluation of depression between mothers and fathers of children with cerebral palsy, as well as there is no statistically significant difference in relation to mothers of children without disorders

  4. Herbicide and pesticide occurrence in the soils of children's playgrounds in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapcanin, Aida; Cakal, Mirsada; Imamovic, Belma; Salihovic, Mirsada; Pehlic, Ekrem; Jacimovic, Zeljko; Jancan, Gordan

    2016-08-01

    Pesticide pollution in Sarajevo public playgrounds is an important health and environmental issue, and the lack of information about it is causing concerns amongst the general population as well as researchers. Since children are in direct contact with surface soils on children's playgrounds, such soils should be much more carefully examined. Furthermore, herbicides and pesticides get transmitted from soil surfaces brought from outside the urban areas, or they get dispersed following their direct applications in urban areas. Infants' and children's health can be directly affected by polluted soils because of the inherent toxicity and widespread use of the different pesticides in urban environments such as playgrounds. In addition to that, the presence of chromated copper arsenate (CCA) wood preservative pesticide found as soil pollutant in playing equipment was also documented. Soil samples from playgrounds were collected and analyzed for triazines, carbamates, dithiocarbamates, phenolic herbicides and organochlorine pesticides. Samples for the determination of heavy metals Cu, Cr and As were prepared by microwave-assisted acid digestion, and the findings were determined by using an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer. Triazines, carbamates, dithiocarbamates, chlorphenoxy compounds, phenolic herbicides, organochlorine pesticides and organotin compounds were detected in playground soils and their determined concentrations (mg/kg) were respectively found as follows: <0.005, <0.05, <0.5, < 0.4, <0.1, <0.001 and <0.004. The determined contents (mg/kg) of Cu, Cr and As were in the ranges from 16.77 to 80.21, from 7.14 to 15.45 and from 3.31 to 4.43, respectively. Our preliminary results raise concerns about potential adverse effects of herbicides and pesticides on human health, which strengthens the case for a more preventative and protective approach to the uncontrolled presence of herbicides and pesticides in Sarajevo's playground soils. PMID:27384228

  5. ICT Usage of Pre-service Teachers: Cultural Comparison for Turkey and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirli, Cihad

    2013-01-01

    The importance of ICTs has become the undisputed in the present century. Studies have been conducted to investigate the use of ICTs with the goal of increase in quality of teacher education for a long time. This study is a cross-cultural comparison in terms of pre-service teachers' level of ICT usage, ICT knowledge and attitudes. The study…

  6. Impact of Accounting Information Systems on Decision Making Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Elvisa Buljubašić; Erkan Ilgȕn

    2015-01-01

    In the market economy, the way in which company is managed and developed is extremly important, because every wrong or misleading decision comes at a high price. Therefore each decision that management brings should be based on precise, qualitative, timely and unambiguous information. In order to serve its purpose, after information are collected they are processed, classified and stored within the company. For effective and efficient information processingit is necessary to have an integrate...

  7. INSTITUTIONAL MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS IN ROLE OF ATTRACTING FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS TO BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Sinanagić

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The problem frequently faced by companies from transition and developing countries in attraction of Foreign Direct Investments (FDI is lack of an adequate institutional framework which would adequately promote the potential those companies have through its activities, and with that also influence the attraction of foreign capital. The goal of this paper is to show the necessity of having such institutional framework, as well as institutional marketing communications which, together with other points of attraction of certain location in future, would be significant destination of inflows of FDI.

  8. Strategic quality management on business to business market in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Kenan Uštović; Zijada Rahimić

    2011-01-01

    Product and service quality has increasingly seen as a crucial factor of competitiveness, not only for individual companies, but for entire industries too. Using specific resources and capabilities companies can take a chance to delight their customers. This paper presents new sales model developed by authors, which includes all necessary steps related to sales process. Customer-Oriented Sales (COS) Model considers opportunity that company differentiates itself and become market leader. This ...

  9. RANKING OF TOURIST DESTINATIONS WITH MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MAKING METHODS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Göksu; Seniye Erdinç Kaya

    2014-01-01

    Developments in communication and transportation technology have increased access to formerly distant destinations in an unprecedented way. Tourist centers develop new strategies to increase their share in this growing market. Travel agencies put up advertisements to keep their present customers and attract the new ones. Because customers have a wide array of alternatives to choose from, appropriate strategies should be developed to persuade customers during their decision - making proc...

  10. RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: ALBANIA, BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA, KOSOVO AND SERBIA

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaela PÃCE?ILÃ

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents reviews and an analysis of the policy and support mechanisms for the promotion of renewable in the Western Balkan countries, as well as an overview of the legislation and other official documents influencing the renewable energy sector. The importance of renewable energy sources, along with key information about the countries commitments to renewable energy are also summarized. The methodology used in this article consists in studying and analysing a range of published mat...

  11. Specifics of Risk Management in Islamic Finance and Banking, with Emphasis on Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Emira KOZAREVIC; Mirnesa BARAKOVIC NURIKIC; Senija NUHANOVIC

    2014-01-01

    The ever increasing globalization of financial institutions’ business activities and liberalization of capital markets inevitably lead to the increase in both diversity and intensity of the institutions’ types of risk. Risk management is of the essential importance to the institutions, especially banks, because of the fact that their risky activities are the source of creating wealth for their stockholders. In terms of Islamic banking, risk management is still not sufficiently developed. Cert...

  12. The diversity of the family Cetoniidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) of mountain Ozren: Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Kašić-Lelo, Mirzeta; LELO, SUVAD; Vesnić, Adi

    2013-01-01

    From April to September of 2008 and 2009 samples of family Cetoniidae Leach, 1815 were collected on the vertical profile of the southern slopes of Mount Ozren near Sarajevo. Research was conducted at six selected localities: Orlovac, Nahorevo, Čavljak, Skakvac, Bukovik and Crepoljsko. After 41 field investigations, 594 individuals were collected and determined as representatives of seven species. Collected data were processed with statistical software Biodiversity Pro and with options Diversi...

  13. ETHNOCENTRISM AND ANIMOSITY IN CONSUMER BEHAVIOR IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Berberović

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to examine ethnocentrism of BiH consumers, animosity tendencies, and consumers' notions of products originating from two neighboring countries – Croatia and Slovenia. The aim is to expose the causal relation between the expression of an individual's animosity, her/his understanding of neighboring countries' image, and her/his degree of ethnocentrism. Klein, Ettenson and Morris (1998 argued that animosity (one of COI – Country of Origin Image aspects affects consumer behavior, but not the assessment of products originating from this country. This study seeks to examine this argument. The regression analysis confirmed this assumption on a sample of 300 BiH consumers. Additionally one marketing scale and one psychological scale were used: one for measuring consumer ethnocentrism, and the other for measuring country of origin image. This study used the method of mall intercepts – intercepting customers in large shopping malls. Data was processed using ACNOVA, Cronbach alpha and hierarchical regression analysis.

  14. Herbicide and pesticide occurrence in the soils of children's playgrounds in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapcanin, Aida; Cakal, Mirsada; Imamovic, Belma; Salihovic, Mirsada; Pehlic, Ekrem; Jacimovic, Zeljko; Jancan, Gordan

    2016-08-01

    Pesticide pollution in Sarajevo public playgrounds is an important health and environmental issue, and the lack of information about it is causing concerns amongst the general population as well as researchers. Since children are in direct contact with surface soils on children's playgrounds, such soils should be much more carefully examined. Furthermore, herbicides and pesticides get transmitted from soil surfaces brought from outside the urban areas, or they get dispersed following their direct applications in urban areas. Infants' and children's health can be directly affected by polluted soils because of the inherent toxicity and widespread use of the different pesticides in urban environments such as playgrounds. In addition to that, the presence of chromated copper arsenate (CCA) wood preservative pesticide found as soil pollutant in playing equipment was also documented. Soil samples from playgrounds were collected and analyzed for triazines, carbamates, dithiocarbamates, phenolic herbicides and organochlorine pesticides. Samples for the determination of heavy metals Cu, Cr and As were prepared by microwave-assisted acid digestion, and the findings were determined by using an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer. Triazines, carbamates, dithiocarbamates, chlorphenoxy compounds, phenolic herbicides, organochlorine pesticides and organotin compounds were detected in playground soils and their determined concentrations (mg/kg) were respectively found as follows: playground soils.

  15. OUTSOURCING OF PRODUKTION TO BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA - INTERPLAY BETWEEN THEORY AND PRACTICE-

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhic, Sefik; Mason, Anthony George

    1999-01-01

    a total ownership or joint venture). This will give similar problems and possibilities with the transfer, acceptance and application of production and economic principles and practicalities. Based on the hypothesis that the transfer of production and technology is effected by the various factors......Abstract:Because of the growth of internationalisation of the world's markets, in recent years Danish companies, as other countries industries, have noticed, a sharper international competitiveness and faster technological developments, integrated into manufacturing.After the opening of the former...

  16. Conditions and development tendencies of touristic offer in Kupres municipality (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

    OpenAIRE

    Ante Šiljeg; Silvija Šiljeg; Željka Šiljković

    2010-01-01

    Data on tourism represent a basic indicator of the tourist market situation. The very course of the development of a tourist destination, the distribution of tourist resources, as well as the possibility of implementing changes in the tourist offer, all depend upon this data. Strong competition and the increasingly demanding visitors cause the responsible authorities to conduct constant planning and coordination. The term "tourist planning" implies an integral and strategic planning which inc...

  17. Teachers’ Perception of Aggressive Behaviour in Children: Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Tahirovic, Senija

    2015-01-01

    Aggressive behaviour in children and youth is a widespread phenomenon. Antisocial behaviour that includes certain kind of aggressive behaviour can occur and disappear again during a child’s development. However, from a psychological perspective aggression can be one of the problematic types of behaviour in children with long-lasting negative consequences.The aim of this research is to examine teachers’ perceptions of the types of aggressive behaviour as well as to find out the causes for the ...

  18. Conditions and development tendencies of touristic offer in Kupres municipality (Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ante Šiljeg

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Data on tourism represent a basic indicator of the tourist market situation. The very course of the development of a tourist destination, the distribution of tourist resources, as well as the possibility of implementing changes in the tourist offer, all depend upon this data. Strong competition and the increasingly demanding visitors cause the responsible authorities to conduct constant planning and coordination. The term "tourist planning" implies an integral and strategic planning which includes: destination analysis, defining goals, adoption of strategies and programs, planning of land usage, organization of market, defining the desirable economic effect of tourism, and the cooperation of all subjects in the tourist offer. The efficacy of such planning reflects in the tourism indicators which serve as a framework for the assessment of an existing situation and the forming of management guidelines. One of the most relevant indicators of conditions is the opinion of tourists who rate the advantages and the shortcomings of tourist offer in the area which they visit, as well as the opinion of the indigenous population which participates in the creation of the tourist offer.The results of this paper are based upon the conducted survey among the visitors of sport-recreational centres Čajuša and Stožer, and the indigenous population of Kupres municipality. The structural characteristics of the examinees and the values of the actual opinions on the tourist offer have been determined. The perceived discrepancies in the answers from Croatian and domestic visitors indicate a tradition of visiting similar European destinations. The increase in number of tourists by 50% has been achieved in the last several years, primarily thanks to the snowmaking on the ski slopes, but also due to an improved tourist offer (ski courses, ski-lifts, ski kindergarten, snowboard slopes, traditional food, etc.. Although the pre-war tourist capacities still wait for a renewal, the foreign investments rapidly restructure the tourist offer and have a positive impact on the economy.The use of GIS technology has allowed a simple analysis and data storage, making it possible to create a cartographic visualization. Thus, an accuracy in data presentation has been ensured, and each of the attractive factors in tourism has been associated with attribute data in the database. This type of planning guarantees a more responsible and efficient management of resources of a tourist destination and is crucial for the overall economic development of an area.

  19. Five Years of Constitutional Jurisprudence in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A First Balance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Marko

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The article reflects the experiences of the author after having served as one of the three international judges of the Constitutional Court of BiH from 1997 to 2002. Based on the relevant case-law of the Constitutional Court it gives a basic overview of the constitutional structure of BiH and analyses the position of the Court vis-à-vis other institutions established under the Dayton-Agreement and the powers of judicial review and human rights protection based on its appellate jurisdiction. Moreover means of interpretation and the elements of constitutional doctrine elaborated through case-law as well as organisational and procedural matters such as the role of dissenting opinions are discussed. In conclusion the article reflects the role of the Constitutional Court in transition from an ethnically divided and war-torn society to democracy and the effective protection of human and minority rights.

  20. Implementing e-Government in Bosnia and Herzegovina : Practices and Challenges for the State government

    OpenAIRE

    Bajramovic, Kemal

    2011-01-01

    Context: Electronic Government (sometimes referred to as digital government, online government) is the use of information and communication technologies to: a) enable optimization and innovation of all government internal processes in the back-office and external processes by providing government services to customers through Internet and other electronic means; and b) facilitate achieving goals of all government policies and strategies. Objectives: In this study we are explaining e-Governmen...

  1. Characteristic of the Corporate Bank Governance System in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Matić, Branko; Papac, Nikola

    2010-01-01

    The term ‘corporate governance’ stands for a set of relations between management, large and small shareholders and other interest groups. A good corporate governance system is the basic postulate of sustainable economic growth, increase in economic system efficiency and a guarantee for easier access to sources of foreign capital. Ownership concentration is a significant internal mechanism of corporate governance because it greatly defines the relationship between owner and mana...

  2. Bosnia - pelgupaik islamiradikaalidele? / Nicholas Wood ; tõlk. Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wood, Nicholas

    2006-01-01

    Bosnias avastas politsei 2005. aasta sügisel ühes korteris suure hulga relvi ning suitsiidivöösid, sellele on järgnenud mitmeid vahistamisi. Euroopa julgeolekuteenistused kardavad Bosnia muutumist terroristide baasiks

  3. Bosnia ja Kosovo riigiloomise õppetunnid / Karin Maandi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maandi, Karin

    2005-01-01

    OSCE missiooni koosseisus Kosovos ning Bosnias ja Hertsegoviinas viibinud Karin Maandi kirjeldab aspekte, mis on olnud olulised stabiilsuse tagamisel Balkanil ja Afganistanis. Autori sõnul ei võta välismaailm konflikti sekkudes tihti arvesse, et konfliktist on puudutatud paljud valdkonnad ja et pakutud lahendused peavad sobima kohalikesse oludesse. Lisa: Õppetunnid

  4. Campos de estupro: as mulheres e a guerra na Bósnia Rape camps: women and war in Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Carolina Schvartz Peres

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A guerra na Bósnia-Herzegóvina organizou territórios etnicamente e redefiniu as categorias étnico-nacionais - sérvia, croata e bosniac (muçulmana. Enquanto os soldados combatiam nas linhas de frente, inúmeras eram as atrocidades testemunhadas em outros campos de batalha: casas, vilas, cidades, campos de detenção e concentração e os campos de estupro. Faço neste artigo uma revisão da discussão acerca do estupro na guerra na Bósnia, como este pode ser visto como arma de guerra e um instrumento de limpeza étnica e de tentativa de extermínio.The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina ethnically organized territories and redefined the ethno-national categories and groups - Serbs, Croats and Bosnians (Muslims. Beside the battles between soldiers at the front lines, several atrocities used to happen in other fields: homes, villages, cities, detention places, concentration camps, and the rape camps. This article introduces the debate about the rapes that occurred during the war in Bosnia and the ways to understand them: as a war weapon, as an ethnic cleansing tool, as an attempt to extermination.

  5. Gaining Strength For A New Future: Bosnia And Herzegovina’s Export Opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emin Civi

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available International trade is crucial for Bosnia and Herzegovina’s (B&H economic prosperity. In this study guidance to B&H exporters is provided by identifying potential markets and products to focus on when designing future trade strategies. To this end trends in the world trade and trade patterns are examined using various approaches.  First approach to identify the potential markets for the B&H exports called for identifying the countries with highest general demand for Bosnia and Herzegovina’s current export products. The products Bosnia and Herzegovina exports most along with the countries that demand these products the most in the world are identified. The second approach for identifying the potential export markets for B&H products examine the import volumes of other countries in the world. Still a more fruitful approach for the B&H exporters, at least in the short term, is to target the markets with the fastest growth of import volumes (the third approach. In the fourth approach, “untapped trade” and “highly untapped trade” countries that should be targeted by B&H exporters are presented. The fifth approach for identifying the potential export markets for B&H products is based on examining the products whose imports increased fastest in recent years and the countries that imported these products most.  The products/product groups that have the highest potential for B&H export success are also identified. First, most imported products as well as the products/product groups whose exports increased the fastest in recent years are examined. Second, the import volumes ten countries with the highest total imports are examined on a product basis to identify the products they import most as well as the products with the highest growth rate of imports. Third, product categories with “untapped trade potential” and “highly untapped trade potential” along with their respective markets are presented.  Long term sustainable success

  6. Morphometrical Characteristics of the Broader Area of Duvanjsko Polje, Bosnia and Hercegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Radoš

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objects of this study are the hillslopes in the broader area of Duvanjsko polje (Bosnia and Herzegovina. Slopes can be defined as relief surfaces determined by geographical position, slope inclination (related with horizontal surface, aspect, and degree of curvature (profile and planar.Recent slope shapes can be defined as results of series of natural and anthropogenic factors during relief genesis and evolution. It is possible to correlate slope characteristics with geological structure and other natural geographic features (climate, soils, vegetation etc. using geomorphometrical analysis. The main aims of this study are: a analysis of morphometric relief indicators, b analysis of relationships between morphometric indicators, structural and lithological features, and c synthesis of all analyzed indicators in order to better understand exogeomorphological and morphostructural features of the investigated area. The final intention is to assess the extent and intensity of the dominant geomorphologic processes. Special attention was given to the detailed geomorphometrical analysis of morphostructures in the broader area of Duvanjsko polje in GIS environment based on DMR. The applied geomorphometrical relief analysis included the use of different methods for precise calculation of the investigated area’s numerical relief parameters, which enabled a mutual comparison of specified parameters and comparison with tectonic units and lithology maps. The aim of this approach is a more exact analysis and interpretation of morphometric relief parameters as indicators of the investigated area’s endogenous and exogenous processes’ characteristics.

  7. Tagaotsitav Bosnia serblaste juht on väidetavalt tabatud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Serbia telekanali TV BN teatel tabati Belgradis sõjakuritegudes süüdistatav Bosnia serblaste kindral Ratko Mladic, Serbia valitsuse pressiesindaja kinnitusel ei ole uudis Ratko Mladici tabamisest õige

  8. Bosnia paraneb sõjahaavadest visalt / Väino Linde

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linde, Väino, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vooremaa, Valgamaalane, Nädaline 7. okt. lk. 2, Hiiu Leht 10. okt. lk. 4, Järva Teataja 12. okt. lk. 2. Autor osales OSCE rahvusvahelise vaatlejana Bosnia ja Hertsegoviina üldvalimistel

  9. Postgraduate studies (1978-1985 at the Medical Faculty of the University of Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Husref Tahirović

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The Postgraduate studies (PS at the Medical Faculty (MF of the University of Tuzla (UT were founded with the aim of training future staff of the MF in scientific research work. The course lasted four semesters. Up to 1986, classes were attended by five generations or 141 postgraduate students, and 57 of them received their Master’s degree (MSc’s. Classes were held every week on Fridays and Saturdays. One part of the classes was taught at the MF in Szeged (Hungary. Besides teachers from the UT, classes were also taught by teachers from other universities from the former Yugoslavia and abroad. The most important textbooks were: Cell and Molecular Biology by de Robertisa, Mathematics and statistics for use in pharmacy, biology, and chemistry by Saunders & Fleming, and Kako se pišu saopštenja o medicinskim istraživanjima (How to write reports of medical research by Rajko Igić. Searching the index base Pub Med at the end of 2014, by the surnames and initials of the names of the 57 masters, we found that they had published 14 articles before completing their MSc’s and 821 articles after completing their Master of Science. Later, 35 masters received PhDs and were appointed assistant professors, and later they were also appointed to higher ranks. Conclusion: Looking at the results of the PS, MF of the UT in the above mentioned period, it can be said that the PS was the place where the formation began of the future scientific and teaching staff of the MF in Tuzla.

  10. A RESEARCH ANALYSIS OF THE LEVEL OF EMPLOYEES’ SATISFACTION BY TRAINING PROGRAMS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BANKING SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adisa DELIĆ

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Investment into people through education, professional training in accordance to bank’s needs, and work on “nurturing” the readiness to challenges and changes are all significant starting points for achieving bank competitiveness. Identifying the dominant forms of employee training and determining the level of employee satisfaction by the existing training programs, which is the basic goal of this paper, enable bank managers to obtain valid information on appropriate changes of certain training programs and development of employees. The paper presents the results of the empirical research conducted in a subject BiH bank, aimed at defining the methods of employee training that are characteristic of the banking sector and the level of employee satisfaction by training programs they attend. The research included 172 employees of the subject bank. The authors believe that the critical analysis of the employee training and development methods applied in the banking sector as well as the criteria for selecting the programs for the realization of these methods can lead to widening the scientific knowledge in the field of human resource management in banking and to creating specific recommendations for bank managers which they can/need apply in their practice in order to improve the entire business operations.

  11. Human Security as a Political Strategy: The Road to Peace? : The Role of the EU in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this master’s thesis is to study the concept of human security in a relationship with peace. Human security has the power to shape political discourse, and its contents, components as well as relation to other interlinked concepts have been continuously developed in the United Nations, in academia and within various policy institutes and non-governmental networks. The aim of this master’s thesis is to enrich the existing debate and question whether a foreign policy based on huma...

  12. Monitoring jonosfere i svemirskog vremena u Bosni i Hercegovini : Monitoring of ionosphere and space weather in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Džana Horozović

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Zbog svoje disperzivne prirode, jonosfera uzrokuje kašnjenje koda, odnosno ubrzanje faze signala Globalnih navigacijskih satelitskih sistema - GNSS. Usprkos napretku metoda GNSS pozicioniranja, jonosferska refrakcija je još uvijek jedan od najvećih izvora pogrešaka geodetskog pozicioniranja i navigacije. Različiti fenomeni svemirskog vremena, kao: solarni vjetar, geomagnetna oluja, solarna radijacija, može oštetiti GNSS satelite, dalekovode i elektrodistributivnu mrežu, itd. Zato je važno ustanoviti metode istraživanja i monitoringa svemirskog vremena. Istraživanje jonosfere i svemirskog vremena je predmet ovog rada. Opisan je postupak konstruiranja SID (engl. sudden ionospheric disturbances – iznenadne jonosferske smetnje monitora. Analiza je pokazala da je jonosferska monitoring stanica u Sarajevu SRJV_ION 0436 sposobna otkriti pojačano zračenje. : Due to its dispersive nature, ionosphere causes a group delay or phase acceleration of the signals from Global navigation satellite systems - GNSS. Despite the progress of GNSS positioning methods, the ionospheric refraction is still one of the greatest source of the errors in the geodetic positioning and navigation. Different phenomenons oft he space weather: solar wind, geomagnetic storm, solar radiation, can damage GNSS, and electric power distribution networks but That is why it's important to establish research and monitoring methods of the space weather. The subject of this paper is the investigation of ionosphere and space weather. Procedure of constructing a SID (engl. Sudden ionospheric disturbances monitor station are described. The analysis showed that ionosphere monitoring station in Sarajevo, SRJV_ION 0436, was able to detect increased solar radiation.

  13. Prediction of the Y-Chromosome Haplogroups Within a Recently Settled Turkish Population in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doğan, Serkan; Doğan, Gŭlşen; Ašić, Adna; Besić, Larisa; Klimenta, Biljana; Hukić, Mirsada; Turan, Yusuf; Primorac, Dragan; Marjanović, Damir

    2016-04-01

    Analysis of Y-chromosome haplogroup distribution is widely used when investigating geographical clustering of different populations, which is why it plays an important role in population genetics, human migration patterns and even in forensic investigations. Individual determination of these haplogroups is mostly based on the analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers located in the non-recombining part of Y-chromosome (NRY). On the other hand, the number of forensic and anthropology studies investigating short tandem repeats on the Y-chromosome (Y-STRs) increases rapidly every year. During the last few years, these markers have been successfully used as haplogroup prediction methods, which is why they have been used in this study. Previously obtained Y-STR haplotypes (23 loci) from 100 unrelated Turkish males recently settled in Sarajevo were used for the determination of haplogroups via 'Whit Athey's Haplogroup Predictor' software. The Bayesian probability of 90 of the studied haplotypes is greater than 92.2% and ranges from 51.4% to 84.3% for the remaining 10 haplotypes. A distribution of 17 different haplogroups was found, with the Y- haplogroup J2a being most prevalent, having been found in 26% of all the samples, whereas R1b, G2a and R1a were less prevalent, covering a range of 10% to 15% of all the samples. Together, these four haplogroups account for 63% of all Y-chromosomes. Eleven haplogroups (E1b1b, G1, I1, I2a, I2b, J1, J2b, L, Q, R2, and T) range from 2% to 5%, while E1b1a and N are found in 1% of all samples. Obtained results indicate that a large majority of the Turkish paternal line belongs to West Asia, Europe Caucasus, Western Europe, Northeast Europe, Middle East, Russia, Anatolia, and Black Sea Y-chromosome lineages. As the distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroups is consistent with the previously published data for the Turkish population residing in Turkey, it was concluded that the analyzed population could also be recognized as a representative sample of the Turkish population residing in Turkey.

  14. Wartime Rape and Sexual Violence : A qualitative analysis of perpetrators of sexual violence during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Sexual war violence is a contemporary, prevalent and brutal weapon of war. Most research in this area focuses exclusively on the experiences of the female victims, and the motivations and rationalizations of the perpetrators are largely omitted from inquiry. To the extent that their experiences are addressed, the literature tends to resort to essentialist explanations according to which the perpetrators are evil, mentally ill and predisposed to engage in such reprehensible actions. I reject t...

  15. Efficiency of a single-rate and broad-based VAT system: the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinka Antić

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the performance and efficiency of the VAT system in B&H and explore the effects of internal and external factors influencing VAT collection. The VAT system in B&H is a consumption-type, single-rate and broad-based system. Ever since its implementation, VAT collection in B&H has been subject to strong oscillations, from an extremely high performance in the first two years after the introduction, to a sharp drop at the beginning of the crisis. After a temporary recovery, VAT collection declined in the last quarter of 2012 and has been negative ever since, although a weak recovery of the B&H economy was observed in 2013. The key hypothesis is that the high efficiency of the broadbased and single-rate structured VAT system may be neutralized by the country’s specific circumstances and VAT policy design. Applying a set of indicators for VAT efficiency analysis, developed by IMF, OECD and EU, we find a deterioration of the components of the policy gap caused by derogations of the VAT Law, and an increasing compliance gap, due to an increase of the VAT debt and tax evasion, in consequence of poor policy design in the field of excises. As a result of the influence of the country’s specific circumstances and its VAT policy design the identifiable current net losses on VAT in 2013 amount to 4% of net VAT collection or 0.4% of GDP. The analysis presented in the paper proves the main hypothesis that a VAT design, even when it is close to theoretically ideal concept, cannot on its own produce a high level of VAT efficiency and performance.

  16. ELISA subtypization of anti-ENA autoantibodies in clinical management of autoimmune diseases in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subasic, Djemo; Karamehic, Jasenko; Gavrankapetanovic, Faris; Hodzic, Harun; Kasumovic, Mersija; Delic-Sarac, Marina; Prljaca-Zecevic, Lamija

    2009-01-01

    The basis of autoimmune diseases such as SLE (Systemic Lupus Eritematodes), Sjogren's syndrome, scleroderma, dermatomyositis and polymiositis is the creation of auto-antibodies to the following specific extractable nuclear antigens (ENA):Jo-1, Ssl-70, SS-A, SS-B, Sm and Sm/RNPs. Some of these antigens are in fact enzymes (Jo-1-histidil-tRNA synthetase, Scl-70-topoisomerase) which are inhibited by specific autoantibodies--this leads to disturbance in the metabolism of DNA and protein biosynthesis. During 2009, we analyzed total of 87 serum samples of patients suspected for autoimmune disorder using ANA-IFA and ELISA-ENA-6 methods. After establishing IFA-ANA positivity (83.9%), all serum specimens; ANA positive and negative, were subtypized by ELISA ENA-6 test. Analysis showed the highest incidence of anti-SS-A (56%), and incidence of anti-SS-B (29.8%), anti-Sm/ RNP (11.5%), anti-Jo-1 (2.3%) and anti-Scl-70 (1,1%) auto-antibodies. Also, 78.5% of IFA-ANA negative serum specimens showed high level of positivity (212.50 and 277.0 IU/ml) to SS-A (78.5%) and SS-B (21.4%) antigenes using ELISA-ENA-6 subtypization. Following these results, we conclude that it is necessary to introduce Western blot confirmation testing. After comparing with other clinical findings, we diagnosed the following autoimmune diseases: SLE, Sjogren's syndrome and dermatomiosytis.

  17. Post-conflict housing restitution : the European human rights perspective, with a case study on Bosnia and Herzegovina

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buyse, Antoine Christian

    2008-01-01

    The loss of one’s house is often one of the most dramatic personal consequences of armed conflict. In fragile post-conflict societies such a loss does not only cause a flow of refugees and other displaced persons, but it can also be a source of renewed conflict. Restitution of housing could help to

  18. Molecular characterisation of methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in inpatients and outpatients in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzunović-Kamberović, Selma; Rijnders, Michelle I A; Stobberingh, Ellen E; Ibrahimagić, Amir; Kamberović, Farah; Ille, Tatjana

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic background of methicillin-susceptible (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) obtained from clinical specimens of inpatients and outpatients. Methicillin resistance was confirmed by the presence of the mecA gene by PCR. The genetic characterisation was performed using spa typing and the algorithm based upon repeat pattern (BURP). Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from 68 and 79 inpatient and outpatient samples, 31 (46 %) and 14 (18 %) of which were MRSA, respectively. Among 37 inpatients and 65 outpatients with MSSA, 22 and 38 spa types were clustered into seven and eight spa-CCs, respectively. The main MSSA spa-CC of inpatients and outpatients was spa-CC015 (multilocus sequence typing (MLST) CC45). Most MRSA were associated with spa-CC355/595 (MLST CC152). MRSA-related background was found in 32 % of inpatients and 43 % of outpatients with MSSA, suggesting that MRSA did not arise from predominant MSSA clones. PMID:23053564

  19. Trauma Symptoms in Pupils Involved in School Bullying – A Cross Sectional Study Conducted in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Cerni Obrdalj, Edita; Sesar, Kristina; Santic, Zarko; Klaric, Miro; Sesar, Irena; Rumboldt, Mirjana

    2013-01-01

    To determine the association between involvement in school bullying and trauma symptoms and to find whether children with presence of trauma symptoms participate in school bullying more as victims, as bullies or as bully/victims. The study included 1055, 6th to 8th grade (12–14 years of age) elementary school pupils from the western part of Mostar, The pupils were self-interviewed using a Questionnaire on School Violence developed in 2003 and validated in Croatia, and Trauma Symptoms Check Li...

  20. Trauma symptoms in pupils involved in school bullying--a cross sectional study conducted in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obrdalj, Edita Cerni; Sesar, Kristina; Santic, Zarko; Klarić, Miro; Sesar, Irena; Rumboldt, Mirjana

    2013-03-01

    To determine the association between involvement in school bullying and trauma symptoms and to find whether children with presence of trauma symptoms participate in school bullying more as victims, as bullies or as bully/victims. The study included 1055, 6th to 8th grade (12-14 years of age) elementary school pupils from the western part of Mostar, The pupils were self-interviewed using a Questionnaire on School Violence developed in 2003 and validated in Croatia, and Trauma Symptoms Check List for Children (TSCC). The pupils involved in the school violence, either as victims, bullies, bully/victims had significantly more trauma symptoms than the not involved. Involvement in school bullying as a bully/ victim was a strong indicator of trauma symptoms, particularly anxiety, anger, posttraumatic stress, dissociation, obvious dissociation, and dissociation fantasy symptoms, while the victims of school violence had the highest odds ratio for the development of depressive symptoms. There is strong association between bullying and trauma symptoms in young adolescents. From our results, emphasis should be placed at the regularly screening on bullying in praxis of family physicians and regularly conduction of preventive measures and early intervention in every primary school. PMID:23697244

  1. Epilepsy in Children with Intellectual Disability in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Effects of Sex, Level and Etiology of Intellectual Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Memisevic, Haris; Sinanovic, Osman

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the occurrence of epilepsy in children with intellectual disability. An additional goal was to determine if there were statistical differences in the occurrence of epilepsy related to the sex, level and etiology of intellectual disability of children. The sample consisted of 167 children with intellectual…

  2. Prediction of the Y-Chromosome Haplogroups Within a Recently Settled Turkish Population in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doğan, Serkan; Doğan, Gŭlşen; Ašić, Adna; Besić, Larisa; Klimenta, Biljana; Hukić, Mirsada; Turan, Yusuf; Primorac, Dragan; Marjanović, Damir

    2016-04-01

    Analysis of Y-chromosome haplogroup distribution is widely used when investigating geographical clustering of different populations, which is why it plays an important role in population genetics, human migration patterns and even in forensic investigations. Individual determination of these haplogroups is mostly based on the analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers located in the non-recombining part of Y-chromosome (NRY). On the other hand, the number of forensic and anthropology studies investigating short tandem repeats on the Y-chromosome (Y-STRs) increases rapidly every year. During the last few years, these markers have been successfully used as haplogroup prediction methods, which is why they have been used in this study. Previously obtained Y-STR haplotypes (23 loci) from 100 unrelated Turkish males recently settled in Sarajevo were used for the determination of haplogroups via 'Whit Athey's Haplogroup Predictor' software. The Bayesian probability of 90 of the studied haplotypes is greater than 92.2% and ranges from 51.4% to 84.3% for the remaining 10 haplotypes. A distribution of 17 different haplogroups was found, with the Y- haplogroup J2a being most prevalent, having been found in 26% of all the samples, whereas R1b, G2a and R1a were less prevalent, covering a range of 10% to 15% of all the samples. Together, these four haplogroups account for 63% of all Y-chromosomes. Eleven haplogroups (E1b1b, G1, I1, I2a, I2b, J1, J2b, L, Q, R2, and T) range from 2% to 5%, while E1b1a and N are found in 1% of all samples. Obtained results indicate that a large majority of the Turkish paternal line belongs to West Asia, Europe Caucasus, Western Europe, Northeast Europe, Middle East, Russia, Anatolia, and Black Sea Y-chromosome lineages. As the distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroups is consistent with the previously published data for the Turkish population residing in Turkey, it was concluded that the analyzed population could also be recognized as a representative sample of the Turkish population residing in Turkey. PMID:27301230

  3. Strengthening the levels of food companies' market orientation - the road towards strengthening the competitiveness of agribusiness in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Nikolić, Aleksandra; Uzunović, Mirza; Mujčinović, Alen

    2014-01-01

    High level of trade deficit indicates low competitiveness in B&H agribusiness, which brings the question whether its low competitiveness is mirroring its low market orientation, i.e. capability to apply integrated business philosophy which ensures adequate competitive advantages and sustains development of companies. To answer that, a survey was conducted through a MKTOR scale for measuring market orientation, on fifty food companies in the period May – December 2013. Statistical analysis was...

  4. mecA-positive methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates in Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamberović, Farah; Ibrahimagić, Amir; Uzunović, Selma; Budimir, Ana; Rijnders, Michelle I A; Stobberingh, Ellen E

    2015-01-01

    Forty-four mecA-positive and eight mecA-negative Staphylococcus aureus isolates confirmed by PCR were further tested by disc-diffusion (DD) oxacillin and cefoxitin, oxacillin Epsilon (E)-test, and oxacillin and cefoxitin minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) Strip methicillin-resistant phenotype in S. aureus (MRSA) tests. Among 44 mecA-positive S. aureus isolates, two (4·5%) were detected as MRSA by DD-oxacillin, 17 (38·6%) by DD-cefoxitin test, and seven (15·9%) by the E-test. In the cefoxitin MIC Strip MRSA test, 19 (43·2%) isolates were resistant. In the oxacillin MIC Strip MRSA test, 18 (40·9%) isolates were resistant and 26 (59·1%) were sensitive, i.e. oxacillin-sensitive MRSA (OS-MRSA) (MIC range 0·25-≤0·25 mg/l). Fifteen out of 26 OS-MRSA (57·7%) belonged to spa-CC 355/595, 78% of which belonged to the largest PFGE clone. Some discrepancies between the phenotypic methods for MRSA identification obtained in this study were caused by large proportion of OS-MRSA. Misidentification of OS-MRSA as MSSA might result in an appearance of highly resistant MRSA in patients treated with beta-lactam antibiotics. PMID:25112955

  5. Developing the function of human resource management with a view to building competitive advantage of enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Delić, Adisa; Smajlović, Selma

    2014-01-01

    Contemporary business environment generates hyper changes and hyper competition, which is why enterprises are challenged to search for new sources to preserve and build competitive advantage in the global marketplace. In the theory and practice of management, the general view is that people and their knowledge are becoming a fundamental value in modern enterprises, and that successful human resource management is an important determinant of competitiveness. However, the importance...

  6. Bosnia esimesed sammud EL-i teel / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2005-01-01

    EL alustas Bosnia ja Hertsegoviinaga läbirääkimisi stabilisatsiooni ja assotsiatsioonilepingu sõlmimiseks. Riigi kolme etnilise grupi - serblaste, horvaatide ja muslimite juhid andsid lubaduse luua ühtne riigipea ametikoht. Olukorrast Bosnias ja Hertsegoviinas kümme aastat pärast Daytoni rahuleppe sõlmimist. Skeem: Riigi ülesehitus. Vt. samas: Ahtisaari üritab Kosovo staatust kokku leppida

  7. Bosnia serblased ähvardavad oma vabariigile iseseisvust taotleda / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2009-01-01

    Bosnia ja Hertsegoviina liitriigi Serbia vabariigi peaminister Milorad Dodik nõudis, et põhiseadusesse lisataks punktid, mis tagaksid Bosnia serblaste enesemääramisõiguse ja lubaksid korraldada referendumi iseseisvumise küsimuses

  8. The impact of U.S. military operations in Kuwait, Bosnia, and Kosovo (1991-2000) on environmental health surveillance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkpatrick, Jeffrey S

    2011-07-01

    Deployments of U.S. Forces to the Persian Gulf (1991), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1995), and Kosovo (1999) were associated with diverse, potential environmental exposures. Health effects possibly associated with these exposures were cause for concern among service members, veterans, and military and civilian leaders. A need for the military to effectively respond to these exposures, and more importantly, to assess and mitigate exposures before deployments and to conduct environmental surveillance during deployments was identified. The Department of Defense encountered many obstacles in dealing with the exposures of 1991. Even though these obstacles were being identified, and in some cases, addressed, responses to historical exposure concerns continued to be reactive. In 1996, efforts were intensified to improve policy and doctrine, field sampling equipment, risk assessment processes, geographic information systems, and other tools needed to effectively identify and reduce the impact of exposures before troops deploy and to conduct environmental surveillance while deployed. Success in these efforts resulted in a comprehensive, planned approach being implemented to address environmental health concerns during the 1999 Kosovo deployment. PMID:21916329

  9. Dendroindication of drought in Rogatica region (Eastern Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ducić Vladan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of using the dendrochronological method in drought prediction in eastern Bosnia. As an indicator of drought, the standardized precipitation index (SPI was used. In the wider area of Rogatica (eastern Bosnia, 11 core samples from trees were taken. The best connection between the width of tree rings and drought was shown by the sample of a 67-year-old European silver fir (Abies alba from the mountain Bokšanica. Removal of the biological trend (standardization was performed by the autoregressive-moving-average (ARMA method. Calculations showed that precipitation, i.e. drought in the summer months, is crucial for radial increment of the sample. The obtained results of our research have been confirmed in examples in the region and further. [47007

  10. Gestión de pedidos e incidencias

    OpenAIRE

    Becerra Prado, Iván

    2013-01-01

    Aplicación web desarrollada en J2EE para la gestión de pedidos en incidencias de sedes remotas a la central. Aplicació web desenvolupada en J2EE per a la gestió de comandes en incidències de seus remotes a la central.

  11. Gestión de incidencias en entornos virtuales

    OpenAIRE

    Gris Muñoz, Marta

    2013-01-01

    Con este proyecto presento una aplicación de gestión de incidencias desarrollada dentro del área de aplicaciones web para el trabajo colaborativo. Amb aquest projecte presento una aplicació de gestió d'incidències desenvolupada dins de l'àrea d'aplicacions web per al treball col·laboratiu.

  12. Incidencia de enfermedades en pejibaye (bactris gasipaes kunth para palmito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Arroyo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Incidencia de enfermedades en pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes Kunth para palmito. Se determinó la incidencia de enfermedades en cuatro variedades de palmito de pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes Kunth, durante los 12 primeros meses de desarrollo. Tres de ellas sin espinas (Diamantes-1, Diamantes- 10 y Diamantes-20 y una con espinas (Utilis-Tucurrique. El ensayo se efectuó en la región de Guápiles, Costa Rica, de mayo del 2000 a abril del 2001. Los patógenos que se encontraron en las plantas de pejibaye fueron: Colletotrichum sp., (mancha negra de las hojas; Phytophthora palmivora, (pudrición cogollo u hoja guía; Drechslera setariae, (mancha de anillo; Lasiodiplodia theobromae (hoja deshilachada y Erwinia sp., (pudrición del tallo, quema de hojas y hoja guía. La variedad Utilis-Tucurrique, presentó la mayor susceptibilidad a todas las enfermedades, pero en ningún caso éstas llegaron a un nivel de importancia económica. La incidencia de Erwinia sp. y Phytophothora palmivora mostró mayor relación con la precipitación y alta temperatura.

  13. Social Networks in Education of Health Professionals in Bosnia and Herzegovina – the Role of Pubmed/Medline in Improvement of Medical Sciences

    OpenAIRE

    Masic, Izet; Sivic, Suad

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: Social network is a social structure made up of individuals and organizations that represent “nodes”, and they are associated with one or more types of interdependency; such as: friendship, common interests, work, knowledge, prestige and many other interests. Beginning with the late twentieth and early twenty-first century, the Internet was a significant additional tool in the education of teenagers. Later, it takes more and more significant role in educating students and profes...

  14. REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN EU’S BORDER AREAS: CROATIA AS A REGIONAL MODEL FOR DESTINATION BRANDING STRATEGY IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Maja PULIC

    2015-01-01

    The newest member joined the European Union (EU) with a well-conceived destination branding strategy. Croatia is becoming more and more identifiable world-wide by creating a distinctive brand in order to maintain a solid positioning as a destination place. As competition is becoming more intense, an increasing number of countries struggle to make themselves visible in the global tourism market. Tourism dominates the Croatian service sector, where the bulk of the tourist industry is concentrat...

  15. Diversity of Y-short tandem repeats in the representative sample of the population of Canton Sarajevo residents, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cenanović, Merisa; Pojskić, Naris; Kovacević, Lejla; Dzehverović, Mirela; Cakar, Jasmina; Musemić, Dzenisa; Marjanović, Damir

    2010-06-01

    In our previous population study, we have used twelve Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats loci incorporated in the PowerPlex Y System to determine Y-STR diversity in B&H human population. With intent to obtain additional verification of the previously obtained results as well as to establish specific reference for a local B&H population, we have decided to test DNA samples collected from 100 unrelated healthy male Canton Sarajevo residents (from Sarajevo region) for the same twelve Y-linked short tandem repeats loci. Qiagen DNeasy Tissue Kit (Qiagen, GmbH, Hilden, Germany) was used for DNA extraction from buccal swabs and PowerPlex Y System (Promega Corp., Madison, WI) has been used to simultaneously amplify Y-STR loci by PCR. PowerPlex Y System includes 12 STR loci: DYS19, DYS385a, DYS385b, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS439. The total PCR reaction volume was 5 microL. PCR amplifications were carried out in PE GeneAmp PCR System Thermal Cycler (ABI). Electrophoresis of the amplification products was preformed on an ABI PRISM 310 genetic analyzer (ABI, Foster City, CA) according to the manufacturer's recommendations. The raw data were compiled and analyzed using the accessory software: ABI PRISM Data Collection Software and Genemapper version 3.2. In addition, we have compared the obtained "Sarajevo" dataset with the data previously generated for the entire Bosnian and Herzegovinian population, as well as with the available data on geographically close (neighboring) European populations. The results of this study will be used as guidelines in additional improving of research into genetic relationship among recent local B&H populations, both isolated and open, which is a long-term project in our country. PMID:20698129

  16. PERCEIVED SERVICE QUALITY THROUGH PRISM OF DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF CUSTOMERS: HYPERMARKET STORES’ MARKET IN THE FEDERATION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    OpenAIRE

    Jelčić, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    There are dynamic changes occurring at the retail sale market. There is less emphasized manoeuvring space for differentiation. The retailers offer similar assortment of the products with similar prices and quality. This opens more space for differentiation based on providing excellent services. Service quality in retail can be important in creation and maintenance of relationship with customers, strengthening those relations and creating the loyal customers’ basis. Influence of demographic an...

  17. Genetic diversity, population structure and subdivision of local Balkan pig breeds in Austria, Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina and its practical value in conservation programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Druml Thomas

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background At present the Croatian Turopolje pig population comprises about 157 breeding animals. In Austria, 324 Turopolje pigs originating from six Croatian founder animals are registered. Multiple bottlenecks have occurred in this population, one major one rather recently and several more older and moderate ones. In addition, it has been subdivided into three subpopulations, one in Austria and two in Croatia, with restricted gene flow. These specificities explain the delicate situation of this endangered Croatian lard-type pig breed. Methods In order to identify candidate breeding animals or gene pools for future conservation breeding programs, we studied the genetic diversity and population structure of this breed using microsatellite data from 197 individuals belonging to five different breeds. Results The genetic diversity of the Turopolje pig is dramatically low with observed heterozygosities values ranging from 0.38 to 0.57. Split into three populations since 1994, two genetic clusters could be identified: one highly conserved Croatian gene pool in Turopoljski Lug and the"Posavina" gene pool mainly present in the Austrian population. The second Croatian subpopulation in Lonjsko Polje in the Posavina region shows a constant gene flow from the Turopoljski Lug animals. Conclusions One practical conclusion is that it is necessary to develop a "Posavina" boar line to preserve the "Posavina" gene pool and constitute a corresponding population in Croatia. Animals of the highly inbred herd in Turopoljski Lug should not be crossed with animals of other populations since they represent a specific phenotype-genotype combination. However to increase the genetic diversity of this herd, a program to optimize its sex ratio should be carried out, as was done in the Austrian population where the level of heterozygosity has remained moderate despite its heavy bottleneck in 1994.

  18. INTERNATIONAL JURISDICTION RULES IN MATTERS OF PARENTAL RESPONSIBILITY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA: THE CONCEPT OF HABITUAL RESIDENCE V NATIONALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Alihodzic

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The rules of jurisdiction in matters of parental responsibility contained in the Brussels II bis Regulation are based on the concept of habitual residence, while the legislation in B&H in this area gave priority to the principle of nationality. Analyzing these concepts, the author of the paper points to the importance of interpreting the concept of habitual residence by the European Court of Justice, and gives possible directions for reform of the relevant provisions of the PIL Act in terms of their compliance with EU law.

  19. Comparative assessment of passive surveillance in disease-free and endemic situation: Example of Brucella melitensis surveillance in Switzerland and in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Haracic Sabina; Hadorn Daniela C; Stärk Katharina DC

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Globalization and subsequent growth in international trade in animals and animal products has increased the importance of international disease reporting. Efficient and reliable surveillance systems are needed in order to document the disease status of a population at a given time. In this context, passive surveillance plays an important role in early warning systems. However, it is not yet routinely integrated in the assessment of disease surveillance systems because diff...

  20. Health Effects of Sexual Violence against Woman as a War Weapon: Case of Bosnia War

    OpenAIRE

    Sibel Gogen;

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Health effects and human rights dimensions of sexual violence against women, a public health and human rights problem, evaluated by the case of Bosnia War. METHODS: Bosnia War, United Nations resolutions, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) cases, activities of NGOs, approaches of WHO, Dayton Peace Agreement, current health programs were evaluated with the health effects and human rights dimensions of sexual violence against women. RESULTS: Sexual viol...

  1. Nest-site preference of Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus in Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marinković S.P.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Although formerly an abundant species, the Eurasian Griffon (Gyps fulvus Hablizl, 1783 has undergone a dramatic decline in Herzegovina. Such an unfavorable trend may be associated with frequent poisoning incidents (consumption of poisoned baits, shortage of food and hunting. This species disappeared from its breeding habitats in Herzegovina during the last decade of the 20th century. The extinction was probably caused by military activities during the civil war. Using data that were collected over a period of long-term (1980-1991 monitoring of the breeding population, we discovered optimal environmental conditions for the nesting of the Eurasian Griffon Vulture in Herzegovina. Information on nest-site preference is valuable for conservation programs and the possible reintroduction of the Eurasian Griffon, not only in Herzegovina, but also to a much wider region. During the study period, we observed 61 nests and 252 nesting cases in four colonies of Eurasian Griffon Vulture. Most nests were located on limestone and dolomite rocks. The average altitude of nests was 378 m a.s.l.; most of nests (85% were located below 500 m a.s.l. Also, the majority of nests were located on west-exposed sites.

  2. Bulk and clay mineral composition indicate origin of terra rossa soils in Western Herzegovina

    OpenAIRE

    Durn, Goran; Ćorić, Radica; Tadej, Neven; Barudžija, Uroš; Rubinić, Vedran; Husnjak, Stjepan

    2014-01-01

    The B horizons of terra rossa soils developed on three different carbonate lithologies having variable insoluble residue contents were studied in Western Herzegovina. Comparison of  their composition and properties illustrates to what extent mineral (especially clay mineral assemblage) and particle size composition of those horizons and the insoluble residue of the underlying carbonate rocks can be used as indicators of the polygenetic nature of terra rossa in this region. Terra rossa B horiz...

  3. Leading causes of blindness and visual impairment in the region of Eastern Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćeklić Lala

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Visual impairment and blindness are serious social and health problems in the world. 1992 classification of visual disorders by World Health Organization has recently been implemented. The goal of this study was to determine common causes of visual impairment and blindness in the region of Eastern Herzegovina. Material and methods. In this population based study we have analyzed medical records stored in the regional Association of Visually Impaired and Blind Persons of the Republic of Srpska (Trebinje, Bileća, Foča, Eastern Sarajevo. The analysis included sex and age distribution of registered population, classification and leading causes of visual disability and blindness. Results. There are 298 registered persons with visual disability and blindness in the region of Eastern Herzegovina and Eastern Sarajevo. The prevalence of visual impairment and blindness in the aforementioned region is 0.1%. Among the studied population, there are more males than females with visual disability or blindness (56% versus 44%. Most (78% of registered persons are blind, and only 22% are visually impaired. 43% of registered population are in the IV category and only 8.38% are registered in the II category. Only 2% of registered population are children. Common causes of visual disability and blindness in the region of Eastern Herzegovina are: glaucoma (22%, cataract (17%, myopia alta (13%, diabetic retinopathy (12% and ocular trauma (11%. Common causes of children's visual impairment include: optic nerve anomalies, congenital cataract and premature retinopathy. Discussion and conclusion Compared with literature data, common causes of blindness and visual impairment in the region of Eastern Herzegovina do not differ significantly from those in other regions. Registration is based on the WHO model, but it is possible only by performing active epidemiological studies. .

  4. “Girasoft” Gestión de Incidencias Remotas de Alumnos

    OpenAIRE

    Peco Abánades, Jesús; Cantalejo Fuentenebro, Jorge

    2013-01-01

    Gestión de las incidencias del alumnado de los centros en que la asistencia es obligatoria de forma rápida y precisa e informar a los padres o tutores del alumno de que éste no ha asistido a clase o de que el comportamiento no es el adecuado en el mismo momento en que la incidencia está ocurriendo.

  5. Incidencia de la banca universal en el sistema financiero venezolano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marbelis Alejandra Nava Rosillón

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La banca universal es un modelo de banca que ofrece servicios integrales y múltiples con alta eficiencia operativa, mejor gestión de infraestructura y sistemas actualizados para mayor satisfacción de los clientes. Inicia en Venezuela en los años noventa en la búsqueda de modernizar las instituciones financieras. Por ello, esta investigación tiene como objetivo analizar la incidencia de la banca universal en el sistema financiero venezolano ante la fuerte crisis financiera de 1994-1995. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con diseño documental. La banca universal dio paso a transformaciones, fusiones y adquisiciones de las instituciones financieras especializadas. El Grupo Provincial y Mercantil fueron los primeros en transformarse en banco universal. Hoy, esta banca posee la mayor participación en el Sistema Bancario Nacional, con 45% de instituciones; 86,79% de oficinas; 86,33% de trabajadores; 36,2% entidades con capital privado, 8,5% con capital público y altas captaciones. Se concluye que esta banca ha favorecido el sistema financiero venezolano en el largo plazo logrando su mayor fortalecimiento y un mejor funcionamiento mediante una nueva cultura organizacional, generación de empleo, mayor solidez, confianza y credibilidad de ahorristas e inversionistas.

  6. Incidencia de esclerosis lateral amiotrófica en Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Rodríguez- Paniagua

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Justificación y objetivo: Hasta el momento no se ha publicado un estudio que nos permita conocer cuál es la incidencia de ELA en nuestro país. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer la incidencia de esta enfermedad en Costa Rica, y describir las características de los pacientes diagnosticados en nuestro país desde enero de 1998 a noviembre de 2001. Materiales y métodos: Utilizando diferentes fuentes de información se identificaron los casos de ELA en el periodo de 1998 al 2001. Se calculó la tasa de incidencia por persona año, se analizaron variables como sexo, distribución geográfica, grupo étnico, edad al diagnóstico, clasificación de la enfermedad, métodos diagnósticos y tratamientos. Resultados: Entre enero de 1998 y diciembre del 2001, 102 casos de ELA son diagnosticados en Costa Rica, la tasa incidencia anual en población de 15 años y mas es de 0.97 (I.C. 95 % 0.8 a 1.2 por 100.000 personas año. Se revisaron 76 expedientes. Veintiocho fueron mujeres y cuarenta y ocho hombres, presentándose una mayor incidencia en hombres, con una razón de masculinidad de 1.7, todos de raza blanca. La edad al diagnóstico fue de 58.4 años para las mujeres y 53.1 años para los hombres (p = 0.15. El 75% de los casos se encuentran en tres provincias: San José, Alajuela y Cartago, con tasas de incidencia similares. La tasa de incidencia aumenta conforme aumenta la edad en las mujeres, mientras en los hombres se muestra la tasa más alta en la década de los sesenta. El 36.8% de los casos fueron clasificados como ELA bulbar, mientras que el 55.3% como espinal, el 7.9% restante como bulbo espinal. Conclusión: El estudio muestra cómo la incidencia de esta enfermedad es similar a la de los países que muestran las incidencias mas bajas. La incidencia se mantuvo estable en el período analizado, la enfermedad afecta más a hombres que a mujeres.

  7. Incidencia actual de la obesidad en las enfermedades cardiovasculares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio César Fernández-Travieso

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La obesidad es una enfermedad crónica multifactorial que constituye un importante problema de salud a nivel mundial, con riesgo cardiovascular asociado y una morbilidad y mortalidad aumentada, además de alterar la calidad de vida de quienes la padecen. En la actualidad, el sobrepeso y la obesidad se consideran tan importantes como otros factores de riesgo clásicos relacionados con la enfermedad coronaria como dislipidemia, hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus, marcadores inflamatorios y estado protrombótico. El tejido adiposo no sólo actúa como almacén de moléculas grasas, sino que sintetiza y libera a la sangre numerosas hormonas relacionadas con el metabolismo de principios inmediatos y la regulación de la ingesta. La pérdida de peso puede evitar la progresión de la placa de aterosclerosis y los eventos coronarios agudos en los sujetos obesos. Los objetivos de esta revisión se enmarcan en abordar brevemente la obesidad y su incidencia actual en las enfermedades cardiovasculares, asi como acotar su diagnóstico, clasificación y adecuado manejo. Se concluye que el diagnóstico de obesidad debe incluir mediciones de contenido total y de distribución de la grasa corporal y que los cambios en el estilo de vida que promuevan una dieta equilibrada y ejercicio físico regular deben ser una de las medidas principales en el tratamiento de la obesidad y sus comorbilidades asociadas.

  8. Power Politics and the Rule of Law in Post-Dayton Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy Donais

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Over the past two decades, therule of law has emerged as a key priority within contemporary peacebuildingefforts. Drawing on examples from post-Dayton Bosnia, this article examines theimpact of rule of law reform efforts on broader patterns of power and politicalauthority in peacebuilding contexts. It suggests that in the case of Bosnia,the use of rule of law strategies to restructure political life has largelyfailed. Thus, despite some notable achievements on the rule of law front, thecore dynamics of Bosnia’s political conflict remain intact, and country’s peaceprocess is as fragile as ever. The article concludes by noting that charting acourse between accepting the political status quo and fundamentallytransforming it requires more nuanced approaches that advance the rule of laweven while accepting its limits as an instrument of deep politicaltransformation.

  9. The war in Bosnia, 1992-1995: analyzing military asymmetries and failures

    OpenAIRE

    Anghel, Gheorghe.

    2000-01-01

    This thesis analyzes the three key failures by the leading external powers in their efforts in 1992-1995 to manage the crisis in Bosnia and impose a settlement. Except for Russia, these leading powers were the so-called NATO quad: Britain, France, Germany, and the United States. when these powers initially intervened, they failed to comprehend the origins and dynamics of the Yugoslav crisis. These powers successively failed to prevent the outbreak of the fighting, then to properly contain it,...

  10. Social cost of land mines in four countries: Afghanistan, Bosnia, Cambodia, and Mozambique.

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, N.; da Sousa, C. P.; Paredes, S.

    1995-01-01

    OBJECTIVES--To document the effects of land mines on the health and social conditions of communities in four affected countries. DESIGN--A cross design of cluster survey and rapid appraisal methods including a household questionnaire and qualitative data from key informants, institutional reviews, and focus groups of survivors of land mines from the same communities. SETTING--206 communities, 37 in Afghanistan, 66 in Bosnia, 38 in Cambodia, and 65 in Mozambique. SUBJECTS--174,489 people livin...

  11. What Belgium Can Teach Bosnia: The Uses of Autonomy in 'Divided House' States

    OpenAIRE

    Sherrill Stroschein

    2003-01-01

    Belgium and Bosnia can be understood as 'divided house' states, which contain proportionally similar groups with opposing views regarding whether the states should be more unitary or more decentralized. The Belgian example demonstrates that even where groups disagree on state structure, a mixture of various forms of group autonomy may facilitate stability and compromise within the state. Belgium addresses this dilemma in two ways: 1) non-territorial autonomous unites in the form of linguistic...

  12. War in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegowina, and Kosovo, and PCBs hazards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Picer, M.; Kovac, T.; Picer, N.; Calic, V. [Rudjer Boskovic Inst., Zagreb (Croatia); Miosic, N. [Geological Survey, Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Kodba, Z.C. [Maribor Environmental Protection Inst., Maribor (Slovenia); Rugova, A. [Pristina Univ., Pristina (Serbia)

    2005-07-01

    Recent warfare in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegowina, and Kosovo has increased hazardous waste levels in the involved regions. Data on contaminant levels from water and soil samples collected before 1995 did not demonstrate significant levels of contamination. This paper provided the results of a study which showed that significant levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) exist in many of the areas worst affected by the war. During the study, soil and sediment samples were extracted with n-hexane. Fish extracts were extracted using a high revolution blender. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were then separated from organochlorine insecticides on a silica gel column. Electron capture detection gas chromatography (ECD-GC) was used to quantify the POPs. Results showed that levels of PCBs in soil samples from Bosnia and Herzegowina sampled during 2003 showed significantly high levels of total PCBs. Levels of contamination exceeded tolerance levels accepted in Netherlands. Fish samples did not demonstrate high levels of contaminants. Sediment samples from Bosnian rivers showed significant levels of PCBs. It was concluded that levels of PCBs in Bosnia and Herzegowina in 2003 were lower than levels observed in fish sampled in Dalmatia and Croatia. 5 refs., 1 tab., 3 figs.

  13. Uso de la herramienta Google Trends para estimar la incidencia de enfermedades tipo influenza en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Wenceslao Orellano

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio fue hallar un modelo para estimar la incidencia de enfermedades tipo influenza (ETI, a partir de los términos de búsqueda relacionados recolectados por el Google Trends (GT. Los datos de vigilancia de ETI para los años 2012 y 2013 se obtuvieron del Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia de la Salud de Argentina. Las búsquedas de Internet se obtuvieron de la base de datos del GT, usando 6 términos: gripe, fiebre, tos, dolor de garganta, paracetamol e ibuprofeno. Se desarrolló un modelo de regresión de Poisson a partir de datos del año 2012, y se validó con datos del 2013 y resultados de la herramienta Google Flu Trends (GFT. La incidencia de ETI del sistema de vigilancia presentó fuertes correlaciones con las estimaciones de ETI del GT (r = 0,927 y del GFT (r = 0,943. Sin embargo, el GFT sobreestimó el pico de incidencia por casi el doble, mientras que el modelo basado en el GT subestimó el pico de incidencia por un factor de 0,7. Estos resultados demuestran la utilidad del GT como un complemento para la vigilancia de la influenza

  14. Job Performance, Job Satisfaction and Human Capital in the Labour Market in Bosnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan Ilgün

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the effect of job performance, job satisfaction and humancapital. It shows that together with monetary factors, such factors as theperception of the social importance of the job, the ability to meet good friendsin the team, and the atmosphere within which the respondents work, may alsohave a high level of impact on labour supply through human capital. The paperdemonstrates the power of non-monetary factors in achieving improvementsin the context of the ‘job performance-job satisfaction-human capital’ chain,thus bringing about positive changes in labour market supply in Bosnia.

  15. Incidencia y factores asociados con las reacciones adversas del tratamiento antirretroviral inicial en pacientes con VIH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Astuvilca

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available La alta incidencia de reacciones adversas medicamentosas (RAMA al tratamiento antirretroviral de gran actividad (TARGA en pacientes con VIH/SIDA puede afectar la calidad de vida y adherencia al tratamiento. Objetivos: Determinar la incidencia de RAMA del TARGA inicial e identificar los factores asociados con la ocurrencia de RAMA al recibir dicha terapia. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de cohorte histórica con todos los pacientes VIH (+ mayores de 18 años que recibieron TARGA por primera vez en el Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza, con un seguimiento de 360 días desde la primera prescripción. Se recabó las RAMA de las historias clínicas y tarjetas de control. Resultados: Se incluyeron 353 pacientes, se encontró una incidencia acumulada de 66,7% de efectos adversos al TARGA inicial y una densidad de incidencia de 9,1 eventos de RAMA por 10 personas año de seguimiento (IC95%: 8,1-10,1. Anemia (23,4%, náuseas (20,6% y rash (17,2% fueron las RAMA más frecuentes. El uso de drogas (OR 2,40; IC95% 1,01-5,67; consumo de alcohol (OR 0.32; IC95%: 0,19-0,55 y estadio SIDA (OR 0,20; IC95%: 0,04-0,95 estuvieron asociadas con la presencia de RAMA. Conclusiones: Existe un alta incidencia de RAMA, siendo la anemia la más frecuente. El uso de drogas es un factor de riesgo para presentar RAMA.

  16. ハプスブルク統治下ボスニア・ヘルツェゴヴィナにおける森林政策 : 森林用益をめぐる国家規制と慣習的権利の対立と妥協

    OpenAIRE

    村上, 亮

    2010-01-01

    This article aims to analyze the forest policy of the Habsburg government. Bosnia-Herzegovina was mainly agricultural land under the Habsburg monarchy. According to the census in 1910, about 88 percent of the inhabitants were engaged in agriculture. In addition, the surface area of Bosnia-Herzegovina was 51,155 square kilometers of which more than half was forest. Negatively evaluating the governance of the Habsburg authorities in Bosnia-Herzegovina in general, historiography considers its ag...

  17. MORPHOLOGICAL AND GEOLOGICAL INDICATORS OF THE POSSIBLE BAUXITE DEPOSITS IN THE KARST REGION OF WESTERN HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Blašković

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Investigation results of morphological and geological potential bauxite deposit indicators in the Mesihovina-Rakitno bauxitebearing sedimentary basin in Western Herzegovina are presented. Region with carbonate and clastic hangingwalls as well as those without overlying sediments have been studied. It was established that the expression and number of the indicators depend size as well as on character and thickness of hangingwall sediments. The morphological indicators are expressed as a particular relief forms situated right above the deposits or nearby and are a consequence of geological relations and exodynamic processes. Ihe numerous geological indicators resulted from complex geological events. The most important are: preore structural relations, the formation of paleorelief, peculiar way of hangingwall rocks sedimentation, lithification processes and the formation of the recent structural pattern. It has been observed that particular indicators should be recognized within a relatively thick succession of the overlying sediments which is of the great importance in the exploration of bauxite deposits.

  18. 22 CFR 228.03 - Identification of principal geographic code numbers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., Armenia, Austria, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria..., Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait,...

  19. 75 FR 77561 - Regulations Issued Under the Export Grape and Plum Act; Revision to the Minimum Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ... following countries: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Herzegovina, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein,...

  20. When Corruption Gets in the Way: Befriending Diaspora and EU-nionizing Bosnia's Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabic-El-Rayess, Amra

    2013-01-01

    This article investigates the encounter of EU-unionization with a domesticated practice of corruption in Bosnian higher education. Relying on primary data collected in Bosnia's public higher education system, the study finds that the country's corrupt higher education is in conflict with the Bologna-themed reforms that would arguably…

  1. Incidencia de los atributos de calidad en las percepciones y elecciones de los consumidores de alimentos orgánicos

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez, Elsa Mirta M.; Lupín, Beatriz; Lacaze, María Victoria

    2006-01-01

    Este trabajo plantea como objetivo identificar potenciales consumidores de alimentos orgánicos a partir de sus percepciones de riesgos, y evaluar la incidencia de los atributos de calidad de estos productos en las decisiones de consumo.

  2. Árbol de decisiones para la resolución de incidencias

    OpenAIRE

    Molas Roca, Meritxell

    2016-01-01

    Análisis e implementación de un sistema de información para dar soporte al personal del grupo de soporte técnico en Everis para la resolución de incidencias del SI existente en Gas Natural (área de contratación). Se va a desarrollar basándose en la definición de un árbol de decisiones.

  3. Late Pleistocene leopards across Europe - northernmost European German population, highest elevated records in the Swiss Alps, complete skeletons in the Bosnia Herzegowina Dinarids and comparison to the Ice Age cave art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diedrich, Cajus G.

    2013-09-01

    European leopard sites in Europe demonstrate Early/Middle Pleistocene out of Africa lowland, and Late Pleistocene Asian alpine migrations being driven by climatic changes. Four different European Pleistocene subspecies are known. The final European Late Pleistocene “Ice Age leopard” Panthera pardus spelaea (Bächler, 1936) is validated taxonomically. The skull shows heavy signs of sexual dimorphism with closest cranial characters to the Caucasian Panthera pardus ciscaucasica (Persian leopard). Late Pleistocene leopards were distributed northernmost, up to S-England with the youngest stratigraphic records by skeletons and cave art in the MIS 2/3 (about 32,000-26,000 BP). The oldest leopard painting left by Late Palaeolithics (Aurignacians/Gravettians) in the Chauvet Cave (S-France) allows the reconstruction of the Ice Age leopard fur spot pattern being close to the snow or Caucasian leopards. The last Ice Age glacial leopard habitat was the mountain/alpine boreal forest (not mammoth steppe lowland), where those hunted even larger prey such as alpine game (Ibex, Chamois). Into some lairs, those imported their prey by short-term cave dwelling (e.g. Baumann's Cave, Harz Mountains, Germany). Only Eurasian Ice Age leopards specialized, similar as other Late Pleistocene large felids (steppe lions), on cave bear predation/scavenging partly very deep in caves. In Vjetrenica Cave (Dinarid Mountains, Bosnia Herzegovina), four adult leopards (two males/two females) of the MIS 3 were found about two km deep from the entrance in a cave bear den, near to one cave bear skeleton, that remained articulated in its nest. Leopards died there, partly being trapped by raising water levels of an active ponor stream, but seem to have been killed possibly either, similar as for lions known, in battles with cave bears in several cave bear den sites of Europe (e.g. Baumann's Cave, Wildkirchli Cave, Vjetrenica Cave). At other large cave sites, with overlap of hyena, wolf and dhole dens at

  4. Past and modern times: Sephardic women from Bosnia in two Judeo-Spanish works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katja Šmid

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The author of this article presents and compares two Judeo-Spanish works: a compendium of religious laws dedicated to Sephardic women Sefer Damesec Eli‘ezer: Yore de‘a (Jerusalem, 1884 written in Hebrew script by Rabbi Eli‘ezer Papo (Sarajevo, ? – Jerusalen, 1898, and an essay on the role of women in the Jewish life-cycle La mužer sefardi de Bosna (Sarajevo, 1932 written in Latin script by the Sephardic writer Laura Papo (Sarajevo, 1891-1942. On the one hand, the author points out the characteristics of both works and outlines a preliminary study on the use of the verbal tenses with regard to the didactic purpose which these books have. On the other hand, the author of the article contextualizes the writers in their period, referring to the historical time reflected in their works. The time depicted in their works is partially the same and partially different, which permits us to have a broad picture about Sephardic society in Bosnia from two Judeo-Spanish sources. The emphasis is on the changes experienced in the life of Sephardic women in the transition from the late 19th century traditional society when Bosnia was still part of the Ottoman Empire – represented by Rabbi Eli‘ezer Papo – to early 20th century modern times, when it was already a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a period vividly described and represented by the writer Laura Papo.

  5. Incidencia de esclerosis lateral amiotrófica en Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Rodríguez- Paniagua

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Justificación y objetivo: Hasta el momento no se ha publicado un estudio que nos permita conocer cuál es la incidencia de ELA en nuestro país. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer la incidencia de esta enfermedad en Costa Rica, y describir las características de los pacientes diagnosticados en nuestro país desde enero de 1998 a noviembre de 2001. Materiales y métodos: Utilizando diferentes fuentes de información se identificaron los casos de ELA en el periodo de 1998 al 2001. Se calculó la tasa de incidencia por persona año, se analizaron variables como sexo, distribución geográfica, grupo étnico, edad al diagnóstico, clasificación de la enfermedad, métodos diagnósticos y tratamientos. Resultados: Entre enero de 1998 y diciembre del 2001, 102 casos de ELA son diagnosticados en Costa Rica, la tasa incidencia anual en población de 15 años y mas es de 0.97 (I.C. 95 % 0.8 a 1.2 por 100.000 personas año. Se revisaron 76 expedientes. Veintiocho fueron mujeres y cuarenta y ocho hombres, presentándose una mayor incidencia en hombres, con una razón de masculinidad de 1.7, todos de raza blanca. La edad al diagnóstico fue de 58.4 años para las mujeres y 53.1 años para los hombres (p = 0.15. El 75% de los casos se encuentran en tres provincias: San José, Alajuela y Cartago, con tasas de incidencia similares. La tasa de incidencia aumenta conforme aumenta la edad en las mujeres, mientras en los hombres se muestra la tasa más alta en la década de los sesenta. El 36.8% de los casos fueron clasificados como ELA bulbar, mientras que el 55.3% como espinal, el 7.9% restante como bulbo espinal. Conclusión: El estudio muestra cómo la incidencia de esta enfermedad es similar a la de los países que muestran las incidencias mas bajas. La incidencia se mantuvo estable en el período analizado, la enfermedad afecta más a hombres que a mujeres.Objective. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a degenerative disease of the central nervous

  6. Il Basic Agreement tra la Santa Sede e la Bosnia- Erzegovina nel quadro delle dinamiche concordatarie ‘post-comuniste’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germana Carobene

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Contributo destinato alla pubblicazione negli Studi in onore del Professore Piero Pellegrino.SOMMARIO: 1. Considerazioni introduttive. Configurazione giuridica delle attuali dinamiche concordatarie nei Paesi di recente strutturazione politico-giuridica - 2. L’Accordo del 2006 ed il suo contenuto normativo - 3. Evoluzione storica della Bosnia- Erzgovina fino all’attuale strutturazione politica - 4. Confronto con le regolamentazioni concordatarie degli altri Paesi dell’area balcanica e socialista. Conclusioni.

  7. Disponibilidad y uso de TIC en escuelas latinoamericanas: incidencia en el rendimiento escolar

    OpenAIRE

    Marcela Román; F. Javier Murillo

    2014-01-01

    Enriquecer los ambientes de aprendizaje de los estudiantes mediante la incorporación de tecnologías de información y comunicación requiere que los centros educativos dispongan de computadoras y conectividad - en cantidad y calidad suficiente - para que docentes y estudiantes puedan incorporar dichas tecnologías en el proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje. La investigación que se presenta estima la incidencia del acceso y uso de computadoras en el logro escolar que obtienen los estudiantes latino...

  8. Incidencia de las lesiones deportivas en baloncesto amateur y su prevención

    OpenAIRE

    López González, Luis

    2014-01-01

    Antecedentes: En la actualidad, el interés creciente por el hábito deportivo en Estados Unidos (EE.UU) y Europa especialmente, explica que el baloncesto gane en número de participantes afianzándose como uno de los deportes “rey”. Inevitablemente unido a este hecho, también lo hace en número de lesiones. La epidemiología de lesiones en el baloncesto conforma una entidad ampliamente estudiada en la actualidad por el motivo de su alta incidencia. Entre todas las lesiones, el esguince de tobillo ...

  9. Incidencia de los defectos congénitos asociados al uso de medicamentos en Las Tunas

    OpenAIRE

    Glenys K. Silva Gonzalez; Yurima Rodriguez Peña; Juana Lupe Muñoz Callol; Elibett Carcases Carcases; Lisset del Carmen Romero Portelles

    2015-01-01

    La Red de Genética Nacional estableció un sistema de vigilancia pre y postnatal, para evaluar los efectos potenciales de la medicación en aquellas gestantes que ocasionalmente o de manera permanente ingieren fármacos durante el embarazo. En la provincia de Las Tunas se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo para describir la incidencia de defectos congénitos en la etapa prenatal y al nacimiento de los fetos en las mujeres que consumieron algún medicamento en el primer trimestre del embar...

  10. Incidencia de la cervicalgia de origen no articular en las actividades de la vida diaria.

    OpenAIRE

    Prioletto, Matías

    2010-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación se refiere a la “Incidencia de la cervicalgia de origen no articular en las actividades de la vida diaria”. La cervicalgia de origen no articular es una manifestación de dolor en las partes posterior y posteroloaterales del cuello, con o sin irradiación a las zonas y segmentos adyacentes, que encuentra su origen en las alteraciones de las partes blandas extraarticulares del raquis cervical. Considerando las relaciones entre las diferente...

  11. Redes empresariales locales y su incidencia en la innovación de la empresa

    OpenAIRE

    Fredy Becerra Rodríguez; Héctor Mauricio Serna Gómez

    2012-01-01

    La importancia de las actividades de investigación y desarrollo -I&D- y de la innovación es reconocida en la literatura, dado que éstas son las que permiten a la empresa generar aspectos diferenciadores. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo identificar la incidencia de los vínculos entre empresas y otras instituciones a nivel local para el desarrollo de innovación y actividades de I&D en la empresa en la ciudad de Manizales, Colombia, específicamente se analizan los vínculos entre empresas para a...

  12. Componentes descriptivos y explicativos de la accidentalidad vial en Colombia: Incidencia del factor humano

    OpenAIRE

    Ervyn H. Norza Céspedes; Elba Lucía Granados León; Sergio Alejandro Useche Hernández; Mauricio Romero Hernández; Jesica Moreno Rodríguez

    2016-01-01

    Problema: Se analizó la incidencia del factor humano en la accidentalidad vial en el territorio colombiano, y se identificó evidencia empírica para la formulación de política pública del tránsito. Metodología: El diseño es descriptivo-correlacional. Instrumentos: cuestionario de comportamiento para conductores y motociclistas (D.B.Q.) y encuesta tipo Likert. Muestra no probabilística intencional: 16.322 personas (8.631 conductores de automotores, 5.133 motociclistas y 2.558 peatones, pasajero...

  13. Incidencia de cáncer en Navarra (1998-2000) Incidence of cancer in Navarre

    OpenAIRE

    Ardanaz, E.; Moreno, C; M.E. Pérez de Rada Arístegui; C. Ezponda; N. Navaridas

    2004-01-01

    Entre 1998 y 2000 se registraron un promedio anual de 3.303 casos de cáncer invasivo en Navarra, el 58% en hombres. Si exceptuamos los tumores de piel no melanoma el número anual de casos fue de 2.495, con tasas de incidencia bruta de 559 y 372 por 100.000 en hombres y en mujeres y unas tasas ajustadas a la población mundial de 312 y 203 por 100.000, respectivamente. Entre los hombres las cuatro localizaciones tumorales más frecuentemente diagnosticadas fueron próstata, pulmón, colorectal y v...

  14. Incidencia de lesiones deportivas en jugadores y jugadoras de baloncesto amateur

    OpenAIRE

    López González, Luis; Rodríguez Costa, I.; Palacios Cibrián, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio es conocer las tasas de incidencia lesional en entrenamiento y competición, tipos de lesión y tiempo de baja deportiva en jugadores/as de baloncesto amateur de las categorías comprendidas entre Benjamín y Senior. Se realizó un seguimiento de las lesiones sufridas en 25 equipos (289 jugadores/as de entre 8-34 años) adscritos a los juegos municipales y federados de la Comunidad de Madrid. Se contabilizaron 48 lesiones durante 10.961 Exposiciones d...

  15. Incidencia de lipomas en la cotorra cubana (Incidence de lipomas in the cuban parrot)

    OpenAIRE

    Soto Piñeiro, Carlos Jesús; Crúz López, Eliécer.

    2007-01-01

    Resumen Durante la inspección clínica de muchas Cotorras (Amazona l. leucocephala), en la consulta veterinaria de la Asociación Nacional Ornitológica de Cuba se han detectado la presencia de tumores subcutáneos en esta especie. Al realizar cortes histológicos de los mismos luego de ser extraídos mediante métodos quirúrgicos pudimos corroborar la existencia de LIPOMAS. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo valorar la incidencia de esta patología en esta especie, comparándola con otras aves q...

  16. Incidencia de la imagen corporativa de Juan Valdez en los clientes de Bogotá

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación tiene como objetivo identificar la incidencia que tiene la imagen corporativa de Juan Valdez en los clientes de la zona norte de Bogotá. Acá se reflejara la importancia que tiene la imagen corporativa en una compañía, dado que por medio de esta se pueden cambiar muchos aspectos de una manera sorprendente, desde el ámbito económico de la organización hasta tener su propia cultura y así mismo mostrarla a sus clientes.

  17. Tendencia de la incidencia de los tumores hepáticos en la infancia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mejía-Aranguré Juan Manuel

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar la tendencia de la incidencia de los diferentes tumores hepáticos en niños residentes en el Distrito Federal. Material y métodos. Encuesta hospitalaria. Se realizó un análisis de dos bases de datos. La primera tiene registrados todos los casos de tumores hepáticos que se encontraron entre el periodo de l982 a 1991, de hospitales que atienden a niños con cáncer, residentes en la Ciudad de México. La segunda base de datos tiene registrados todos los casos de tumores hepáticos que se encontraron de 1996 a 1999 en el Hospital de Pediatría Centro Médico Nacional (CMN "Siglo XXI" y en el Hospital General del Centro Médico Nacional "La Raza", del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS. Se calcularon las tasas de incidencia anual promedio (TIAP por cada tipo de tumor hepático. Las tasas fueron estandarizadas por el método directo, usando como población de referencia a la mundial estándar menor de l5 años. La tendencia se evaluó con las tasas de incidencia anuales y se calculó la tasa de cambio promedio que emplea la distribución de Poisson. Resultados. Durante el periodo de 1982 a 1991 la TIAP para hepatoblastoma fue el triple en hombres con 0.6 x 10(6. El grupo más afectado fue el de 1 a 4 años.(Para los hepatocarcinomas la TIAP fue de 0.14 para el sexo femenino, siendo el doble que la del sexo masculino. Para el periodo de 1996 a 1999 la TIAP para hepatoblastomas fue de 5.11 en mujeres y de 1.85 en hombres. El grupo de edad con la tasa más alta fue el de mujeres menores de un año. Para hepatocarcinomas la TIAP fue de 0.64 para hombres y de 1.23 en mujeres. El grupo de edad más afectado fue el de hombres de 10 a 14 años. No se observó tendencia significativa al incremento o decremento en la incidencia de hepatoblastomas. Para hepatocarcinomas hubo una tasa de cambio de 10%, pero tampoco fue significativa. Conclusiones. No existe en la Ciudad de México una tendencia en la incidencia de los tumores hep

  18. Gestion de incidencias de los sistemas de información de una planta de fabricación de productos farmacéuticos

    OpenAIRE

    Manubens Mercade, David

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo del proyecto en el que he participado es por un lado analizar las incidencias gestionadas por el equipo de soporte local para transferir el know-how de los trabajadores a unos procedimientos, y analizar si el modelo operativo de la gestión de incidencias de la planta es optimo.

  19. The lessons learned from the canadian forces physiotherapy experience during the peacekeeping operations in Bosnia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hébert, Luc Jean; Rowe, Peter

    2007-08-01

    The musculoskeletal injuries and soldiers' demographic profiles observed by physiotherapy (PT) officers during the Canadian Forces peacekeeping mission Op-Palladium in Bosnia between 2000 and 2004 were characterized. The number of PT visits (N = 4,167; range, 310-974) and gender distribution (N = 2,558 cases; male, 80.8%-91%; female, 9.0%-16.4%) varied between tours. On average, >30% of the entire Canadian Forces contingent required PT services. Lower limb injuries were the single leading reason for PT treatment (41.8%) followed by the spine (28.5%) and the upper limb (21.5%). The most commonly affected joints were the knee (17.2%) and ankle (16.1%), the shoulder (14.4%), and the lumbar spine (14.4%). The 26 to 35 age group and combat arms showed the highest incidence of musculoskeletal injuries (p < 0.001). The majority of cases seen were subacute and chronic (68%). Primary prevention activities and the capacity to provide the full scope of PT services were identified as two key factors contributing to the maintenance of operational readiness of the troops. PMID:17803074

  20. Incidencia de atelectasia post extubación en cirugías centrales cardiovasculares

    OpenAIRE

    Pailhe, Juan María

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación se realizó con el propósito de señalar la incidencia de casos de atelectasia posteriores a la extubación en cirugías de revascularización miocárdica y recambio valvular en pacientes con insuficiencia coronaria o valvulpatía, así como también detectar los factores de riesgo más importantes que contribuyen al desarrollo de la Atelectasia y evaluar la evolución de cada paciente a lo largo de su periodo de internación en la UCO, señalando las técnicas kinésica...

  1. Incidencia de cáncer en Navarra (1998-2000 Incidence of cancer in Navarre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Ardanaz

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1998 y 2000 se registraron un promedio anual de 3.303 casos de cáncer invasivo en Navarra, el 58% en hombres. Si exceptuamos los tumores de piel no melanoma el número anual de casos fue de 2.495, con tasas de incidencia bruta de 559 y 372 por 100.000 en hombres y en mujeres y unas tasas ajustadas a la población mundial de 312 y 203 por 100.000, respectivamente. Entre los hombres las cuatro localizaciones tumorales más frecuentemente diagnosticadas fueron próstata, pulmón, colorectal y vejiga que sumaron el 57% de todos los casos. Entre las mujeres destacan por su frecuencia los tumores de mama, colorectal, cuerpo de útero y ovario que sumaron el 54% del total de los casos. Respecto al quinquenio 1993-97, la incidencia global de cáncer en el trienio 1998-2000 ha aumentado un 4,2% en los hombres y un 7,4% en las mujeres. A destacar el aumento de incidencia de cáncer de pulmón y linfomas no Hodgkin en ambos sexos y del cáncer de mama en mujeres y próstata en hombres. Continúan descendiendo las tasas de incidencia de cáncer de estómago en ambos sexos, siguiendo la tendencia iniciada en los 70.Between 1998 and 2000 an annual average of 3,303 cases of invasive cancer were registered in Navarre, 58% of them in men. If we except non melanoma skin tumours, the annual number of cases was 2,495, with gross incidence rates of 559 and 372 per 100,000 in men and women, and rates adjusted to the world population of 312 and 203 per 100,000 respectively. Amongst men, the four most frequently diagnosed tumoural localisations were the prostate, lung, colorectal and bladder, accounting for 57% of all cases. The most notable due to their frequency amongst women were tumours of the breast, colorectal, uterus body and ovary, accounting for 54% of all cases. With respect to the five year period from 1993 to1997, the global incidence of cancer in the three year period from 1998 to 2000 has increased 4.2% in men and 7.4% in women. The incidence of

  2. 31 CFR 585.218 - Trade in United Nations Protected Areas of Croatia and those areas of the Republic of Bosnia and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Trade in United Nations Protected... HERZEGOVINA SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 585.218 Trade in United Nations Protected Areas of Croatia... importation from, exportation to, or transshipment of goods through the United Nations Protected Areas in...

  3. Staphylococcus aureus en quemaduras: estudio de incidencia, tendencia y pronóstico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. García-Urquijo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Realizamos un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal, retrospectivo de los últimos 10 años, en la Unidad de quemados del Hospital Universitario "Arnaldo Milián Castro" de Santa Clara, en Villa Clara, Cuba, con el objetivo de caracterizar el comportamiento del aislamiento de Staphylococcus aureus en heridas por quemaduras de pacientes ingresados. Se realizó con 1065 muestras tomadas por método cualitativo de hisopado, entre enero del 2002 y diciembre del 2011. Las variables utilizadas fueron: mes y año de realización, resultado del aislamiento, grupo de microorganismos y especies aisladas, series temporales y tasa pronóstico. Staphylococcus aureus resultó ser el microorganismos Gram positivo mas frecuentemente aislado (68,3%, representando entre el 7 y el 31,8% de las muestras realizadas cada año, con tasas de incidencias oscilando entre el 6,3 y 37,2 por cada 100 pacientes ingresados. Las tasas de incidencia mensuales se mantuvieron predominantemente en zonas de alerta y de seguridad durante los años 2011 y también en el seguimiento en 2012, sin que se produjeran picos epidémicos, mostrando una ligera tendencia al decremento con respecto al comportamiento de los 3 últimos años. Comprobamos después que la tasa de aislamiento para el siguiente año, 2012 fue de 9,5 por cada 100 ingresos, dentro de los límites del intervalo pronosticado según los estudios recogidos hasta 2011 (0 y 46,7 por cada 100 ingresos.

  4. Total content of phenols and anthocyanins in edible fruits from Bosnia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimpapa, Zlatan; Toromanović, Jasmin; Tahirović, Ismet; Sapcanin, Aida; Sofić, Emin

    2007-05-01

    Content of total phenols and total anthocyanins was estimated in edible fruits from Bosnia by photometric methods. Cyanidin-3-galactoside chloride was used as a standard for determination of total anthocyanins, and galic acid served as a standard for determination of total phenols. Total content of phenols was 12.7 mg/g in elderberry fruits, 10.4 mg/g in bilberry, 9.8 mg/g in blackberry, 8.8 mg/g in wild cherry, 6.1 mg/g in cultivated blackberry, 3.5 mg/g in cultivated strawberry, 2.4 mg/g in average in sour cherry fruits from different locations and the lowest quantity of total phenols was in edible parts of melon, only 0.2 mg/g. Total content of anthocyanins was 6.8 mg/g in wild cherry, 6.7 mg/g in elderberry fruits and 4.5 mg/g in bilberry. Wild bilberry fruits from different locations had in average 3.5 mg/g, cherries from different locations 1.3 mg/g, cultivated blackberries 1.0 mg/g, cultivated strawberries 0.8 mg/g while melon fruit had no anthocyanins at all. Acidity was measured in macerate of edible fruits by direct insertion of electrode. pH values in the macerates were as follows: 3.03 in bilberry, 3.45 in blackberries, 3.59 in sour cherries, 3.92 in wild cherries, 4.44 in elderberries and 6.19 in melon. PMID:17489745

  5. Comunicación e incidencia política para la construcción de la paz

    OpenAIRE

    Servaes, Jan

    2011-01-01

    Este artículo forma parte de la conferencia titulada «Comunicación para el desarrollo humano y el cambio social. El papel de la comunicación en la incidencia política para la construcción de la paz», pronunciada en el “II Congreso Internacional de Comunicación Social para la Paz”, celebrado en Bogotá (Colombia), del 21 al 24 de septiembre de 2009.

  6. Incidencia de enfermedad neumocócica invasiva en Cantabria (1995-2001 e implicaciones para el calendario vacunal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González A.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Describir la incidencia de enfermedad neumocócica invasiva en Cantabria en los años 1995-2001. Método: Consulta de los registros del conjunto mínimo básico de datos (CMBD de los hospitales públicos de Cantabria, así como altas de los hospitales privados, registro de enfermedades de declaración obligatoria (EDO, y diagnósticos microbiológicos e historias clínicas de los niños ingresados en el Servicio de Pediatría del Hospital Cantabria (el hospital de referencia de tercer nivel. Resultados: Se obtuvo una incidencia de meningitis de 5,55, 5,03 y 0,76/100.000 en los niños < 2 años, ≥ 2 y < 5 años, y ≥ 5 años de edad, respectivamente, y de enfermedad invasiva de 11,11, 11,32 y 1,49/100.000 en los mismos grupos de edad. Conclusiones: La incidencia en Cantabria de meningitis y de enfermedad invasiva neumocócica es baja. Se discuten los factores a tener en cuenta para introducir la vacuna neumocócica conjugada en el calendario vacunal de Cantabria.

  7. Incidencia de lipomas en la cotorra cubana (Incidence de lipomas in the cuban parrot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soto Piñeiro, Carlos Jesús;

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Durante la inspección clínica de muchas Cotorras (Amazona l. leucocephala, en la consulta veterinaria de la Asociación Nacional Ornitológica de Cuba se han detectado la presencia de tumores subcutáneos en esta especie. Al realizar cortes histológicos de los mismos luego de ser extraídos mediante métodos quirúrgicos pudimos corroborar la existencia de LIPOMAS. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo valorar la incidencia de esta patología en esta especie, comparándola con otras aves que asisten a la consulta y cuales pueden haber sido las causas que la originaron así como establecer metodologías de prevención y tratamiento para estos casos. Summary During the clinical inspection of many Cuban Parrots (Amazona l. leucocephala, in the veterinary center of the National Ornithological Association of Cuba, we detected the presence of subcutaneous tumors. Histological studies of the same tumors extracted by surgical methods could corroborate the diagnosis of LIPOMA. The present work had the aim to evaluate the incidence of this pathology in the Cuban Parrots, comparing with other birds that attend the veterinary hospital. Furthermore we examined the causes that originated the Lipoma as well as to established prevention and treatment methodologies.

  8. Percepción de los maestros sobre las deficiencias visuales y su incidencia escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana FERNÁNDEZ QUEVEDO

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El sentido de la visión constituye la fuente principal de adquisición de información del individuo, de aquí la importancia de un buen diagnóstico y corrección, en su caso, de cualquier anomalía en la misma para un correcto aprendizaje, especialmente en los primeros años de escolarización. En este artículo se exponen los resultados de una encuesta pasada a maestros de centros educativos andaluces mediante la que se pretende poner de manifiesto sus conocimientos sobre las deficiencias visuales que pueden presentar sus alumnos, y la incidencia que podrían tener sobre su rendimiento escolar. Los resultados indican que dicho conocimiento se suele circunscribir a las anomalías de tipo refractivo, considerando que se hallan bien tratadas en sus alumnos. A pesar de la importancia que atribuyen a estas deficiencias sobre el aprendizaje escolar, piensan que otros factores pueden poseer un papel más relevante. Asimismo se consideran partidarios de recibir una formación más completa al respecto.

  9. Envejecimiento poblacional e incidencia de hemopatias primarias adquiridas en un area de la Comunidad Autonoma de Aragon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giraldo Castellano Pilar

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: El envejecimiento constituye probablemente uno de los factores más importantes que contribuyen a la aparición de hemopatías primarias adquiridas (HPA, la mayoría de carácter crónico. El propósito de este trabajo ha sido el estudiar la tasa de incidencia (TI de HPA en una población de 522.621 habitantes (V: 252.721; M: 269.900, con un crecimiento vegetativo negativo (-1,4/10(5 habitantes/año, considerando por separado dicha incidencia en la población menor y la mayor de 60 años. MÉTODOS: Durante el periodo enero-diciembre de 1994, se realizó una estimación de las tasas de consulta y las tasas de incidencia de HPA en los pacientes procedentes del área, considerando separadamente los menores y los mayores de 60 años. Las categorías diagnósticas aplicadas fueron: gammapatías monoclonales de significado indeterminado (GMSI, según criterios de Kyle; mieloma múltiple (MM y leucemia linfática crónica (LLC según criterios del Myeloma Task Force, linfoma no Hodgkin (LNH y enfermedad de Hodgkin (EH siguiendo la clasificación REAL, síndromes mielodisplásicos (SMD y leucemia aguda (LA según la clasificación FAB, síndromes mieloproliferativos crónicos (SMPC, según el PVSG. Para el cálculo de las tasas de incidencia se utilizaron los métodos epidemiológicos descriptivos. RESULTADOS: La mayor tasa de consultas hematológicas por sospecha de HPA procedía de los mayores de 60 años (p<0,0001. En el periodo analizado se diagnosticaron un total de 302 HPA (<60/³ 60 años: 100/202, p<0,0001, destacando: 84 GMSI; 21 MM; 57 LNH; 26 LLC; 33 SMD; 24 SMPC; 11 LA y 14 EH. La distribución por sexos: V: 177; M: 125. Edad media 63,54 años (extremos 19-92. Las tasas de incidencia (casos/10(5hab/año fueron (<60/³ 60 años: global: 31,31 / 178, 86; GMSI 7,37 / 52,87; MM: 1,84 / 13,21; LNH: 5,53 / 34,36; LLC: 1,53 / 18,50 ; SMD: 0,62 / 27,31; SMPC: 5,52 / 16,74; LA: 1,53 / 5,29; EH: 3,68 / 1,76. CONCLUSIONES: La mayor tasa de

  10. Incidencia de los defectos congénitos asociados al uso de medicamentos en Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenys K. Silva Gonzalez

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available La Red de Genética Nacional estableció un sistema de vigilancia pre y postnatal, para evaluar los efectos potenciales de la medicación en aquellas gestantes que ocasionalmente o de manera permanente ingieren fármacos durante el embarazo. En la provincia de Las Tunas se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo para describir la incidencia de defectos congénitos en la etapa prenatal y al nacimiento de los fetos en las mujeres que consumieron algún medicamento en el primer trimestre del embarazo, durante el período de enero de 2009 a mayo de 2014. La población de estudio lo constituyeron las 627 embarazadas, que habían consumido algún tipo de fármaco que se identificara como posible agente teratogénico y fueron remitidas al Centro de Genética Provincial para su seguimiento. Los datos obtenidos del registro de morbilidad teratogénica permitieron analizar las variables: casos reportados al registro provincial de medicamentos durante la gestación, medicamentos consumidos durante el embarazo según categoría, momento de la gestación en que se produjo el consumo del fármaco, duración del tratamiento durante el embarazo y evaluación del embarazo o el producto. El consumo de medicamentos fue más abundante en gestantes del municipio Las Tunas. Predominó el consumo de medicamentos antiinfecciosos; el consumo ocurrió con más frecuencia en el primer trimestre; y la duración más probable fue de una semana. A pesar de ello, el consumo de medicamentos durante la gestación no significó un riesgo incrementado de teratogenicidad

  11. Redes empresariales locales y su incidencia en la innovación de la empresa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredy Becerra Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La importancia de las actividades de investigación y desarrollo -I&D- y de la innovación es reconocida en la literatura, dado que éstas son las que permiten a la empresa generar aspectos diferenciadores. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo identificar la incidencia de los vínculos entre empresas y otras instituciones a nivel local para el desarrollo de innovación y actividades de I&D en la empresa en la ciudad de Manizales, Colombia, específicamente se analizan los vínculos entre empresas para actividades de I&D y la transferencia de información técnica y tecnológica. Para el cumplimiento de los objetivos se recopiló información de 246 empresas, las cuales son el total de la población del clúster textil de la misma ciudad, para la contrastación empírica se utilizaron modelos logit. Como resultados se evidencia un bajo nivel de actividades de I&D e innovación en la empresa y se establece que la existencia de vínculos para actividades de I&D entre empresas incrementan la probabilidad en un 49% de generar innovación en la empresa y en un 80% las actividades de I&D en la empresa. Se concluye que los vínculos entre empresas fortalecen las actividades deI&Denmayor proporción que las que no están vinculadas, asimismo esta vinculación repercute directamente en la competitividad del sector estudiado

  12. Disponibilidad y uso de TIC en escuelas latinoamericanas: incidencia en el rendimiento escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Román

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Enriquecer los ambientes de aprendizaje de los estudiantes mediante la incorporación de tecnologías de información y comunicación requiere que los centros educativos dispongan de computadoras y conectividad - en cantidad y calidad suficiente - para que docentes y estudiantes puedan incorporar dichas tecnologías en el proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje. La investigación que se presenta estima la incidencia del acceso y uso de computadoras en el logro escolar que obtienen los estudiantes latinoamericanos de 6° de primaria en Matemáticas y Lectura. Para ello, y mediante modelos multinivel de cuatro niveles (alumno, aula, escuela y país, se analiza información de dieciséis países de América Latina, cerca de 91.000 estudiantes de sexto grado y algo más de 3.000 docentes, disponible en la base de datos del Segundo Estudio Comparativo y Explicativo (SERCE de la UNESCO. Con importantes variaciones entre países, los resultados dan cuenta de que apenas un tercio de los niños y niñas latinoamericanos que estudian 6º grado dispone de una computadora en casa y más de la mitad de ellos afirma que nunca han utilizado una computadora en la escuela. Entre sus principales hallazgos se constata que un estudiante que cuente con una computadora en su hogar, que concurra a una escuela con más de diez computadoras, que los utilice al menos una vez por semana y tenga un profesor/a que use habitualmente la computadora en su casa, obtendrá un desempeño significativamente más alto en ambas áreas evaluadas: 23 puntos más en matemáticas y 25 en lectura.

  13. Incidencia prenatal de los defectos congénitos en Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana Lupe Muñoz Callol

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Los defectos congénitos son la principal causa de morbilidad y mortalidad neonatal en casi todo el mundo. La introducción del diagnóstico prenatal y el establecimiento de estrategias preventivas en la atención primaria de salud han logrado la disminución de la prevalencia al nacimiento de defectos congénitos y de la mortalidad infantil en nuestro país. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal de los casos diagnosticados o confirmados prenatalmente en la consulta de genética provincial, con el objetivo de describir la incidencia prenatal de los defectos congénitos en la provincia Las Tunas, durante el período de enero 2013 a mayo 2014. De un universo de 9462 embarazadas de la provincia, en el periodo de estudio; se escogió una muestra de 110 gestantes que presentaron defectos fetales en diferentes órganos y sistemas. La información se obtuvo del registro provincial, donde se analizaron las variables: comportamiento de defectos congénitos por áreas de salud, edad de las madres por defectos congénitos, defectos congénitos por programas prenatales y los defectos congénitos por sistemas. El mayor número de casos se diagnosticó en el segundo trimestre del embarazo, siendo el sistema cardiovascular donde se encontró un número mayor de defectos congénitos, seguido del sistema digestivo, genitourinarias y del sistema nervioso central. Las edades maternas estuvieron comprendidas entre 21 y 30 años, siendo el municipio Tunas el que aportó un número significativo de afectados

  14. Why the United States Decided not to Fulfil the Arms Embargo on Bosnia in November 1994? Analysis of the Domestic Political Game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Fenton

    1996-02-01

    Full Text Available The United States’ decision to stop enforcing, selectively, the arms embargo against the Bosnian Muslims (which also exempted the Federation between Bosnia and Croacia in November 1994 helped change, then, the military, political and social dynamics of the war by a indirectly allowing for a balancing of military capabilities to take place in the region and b directly sending a message to the allies in NATO that the US was intent on achieving more decision-making autonomy regarding the United Nation’s resolutions and its allies’ stances toward Bosnia. Whereas the decision satisfied the US domestic political expectations of not getting bogged down militarily in Bosnia and demonstrated a pragmatic approach toward ethnicbased conflicts in Europe, it did not meet with approval from many of the NATO allies and other countries in the European Union. On the other hand, the US decision may havefound support in those countries belonging to the Organization of the Islamic Conference.The decision, which took place during a Congressional election year, was the outcome of a national debate about the United States’ political and military role and responsability in post-Cold War Europe. This decision pit the influences and the strategically wider or longer-term objectives of the Defense and State Departments and the National Security Council, and most importantly, those part of the agenda directed by a rather disengaged (initially and less persuasive President Clinton (foreign policy-wise regarding Bosnia inhis second year in the White House, against the punctual, diverse objectives and expectations of a more opportunistic Congress set on pressuring the President.

  15. Crecimiento, supervivencia e incidencia de malformaciones óseas en distintos biotipos de Rhamdia quelen durante la larvicultura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David R Hernández

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó el efecto de dos dietas (alimento vivo y dieta seca y dos poblaciones diferentes de Rhamdia quelen de Argentina (área pampeana y nordeste sobre parámetros de crecimiento, supervivencia e incidencia de malformaciones óseas en sus larvas según un diseño factorial 2x2. Al final de la experiencia (20 días pos-eclosión, las deformaciones esqueléticas fueron diversas y afectaron todas las regiones del eje vertebral. En ningún caso estas anomalías incidieron sobre el peso final de las larvas. No obstante, el biotipo nordeste presentó el mayor porcentaje de ejemplares con anomalías esqueléticas (72,3% y menor supervivencia. Las alteraciones más comunes fueron compresiones y fusiones vertebrales, afectando el 22,2 y 19,4% de las larvas, respectivamente. El análisis estadístico mostró que la frecuencia de fusiones no fue afectada por el biotipo o por el tratamiento alimentario. Sin embargo, en el caso de las compresiones vertebrales se observó interacción entre biotipo y dieta. Para este tipo de lesión, con alimento vivo, no se detectaron diferencias entre biotipos, al tiempo que las larvas alimentadas con dieta seca presentaron mayor frecuencia de compresiones en el biotipo nordeste. Estos resultados indican que la incidencia de malformaciones en larvas de R. quelen se encuentra relacionada con ambos factores (biotipo y dieta. La coloración diferencial de cartílagos y huesos en larvas puede convertirse en una herramienta útil para evaluar, precozmente, la incidencia de malformaciones durante el desarrollo temprano de R. quelen.

  16. Incidencia de enfermedad neumocócica invasiva en Cantabria (1995-2001) e implicaciones para el calendario vacunal

    OpenAIRE

    González A.; Viloria L.J.; Sanz J.A.; Ansorena L.

    2003-01-01

    Objetivo: Describir la incidencia de enfermedad neumocócica invasiva en Cantabria en los años 1995-2001. Método: Consulta de los registros del conjunto mínimo básico de datos (CMBD) de los hospitales públicos de Cantabria, así como altas de los hospitales privados, registro de enfermedades de declaración obligatoria (EDO), y diagnósticos microbiológicos e historias clínicas de los niños ingresados en el Servicio de Pediatría del Hospital Cantabria (el hospital de referencia de tercer nivel). ...

  17. Incidencia de bacteriemia y neumonía nosocomial en una unidad de pediatría

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez-Aguilar Gerardo; Anaya-Arriaga María del Carmen; Avila-Figueroa Carlos

    2001-01-01

    Objetivo. Determinar la incidencia de bacteriemia relacionada con catéter y neumonía asociada a ventilador en niños hospitalizados. Material y métodos. Estudio prospectivo. En el servicio de Pediatría del Hospital General Regional (HGR) No 1 del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), de Durango, México, durante 18 meses, de enero de 1999 a junio del 2000, se implementó un sistema de vigilancia epidemiológica activa para identificar episodios de neumonía y bacteriemia nosocomial de acuer...

  18. Incidencia y caracterización de la miocardiopatía periparto en el Hospital do Prenda

    OpenAIRE

    Geovedy Martínez García; Conceição G. Alves Lopes; Juliana Simba; Luz M. Triana Gómez

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: La miocardiopatía periparto es una enfermedad rara que aparece en mujeres sanas y se caracteriza por el desarrollo de disfunción ventricular izquierda y síntomas de insuficiencia cardíaca sistólica, en el período entre el último mes de embarazo y los cinco primeros meses del puerperio.Objetivos: Determinar la incidencia, forma de presentación, tratamiento y mortalidad de las pacientes recibidas en el hospital.Método: Estudio prospectivo de 13 pacientes con diagnóstico de miocard...

  19. Comprensión de textos y progresión temática: incidencia de las funciones informativas

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández, María Luisa

    2006-01-01

    Los textos académicos a los que los alumnos acuden en busca de información no siempre les resultan fácilmente comprensibles. Se observa que en el nivel pragmático las dificultades son muy importantes y revelan interferencias en la construcción de sentido del texto, a veces por limitaciones de la competencia de los lectores y otras veces por problemas en la organización retórica de los textos. Este trabajo se propone abordar y analizar la incidencia de los conocimientos sobre la distribución d...

  20. La encrucijada de la calidad educativa y su incidencia en las prácticas burocráticas escolares

    OpenAIRE

    Montes Hernández, Juan Manuel

    2014-01-01

    La tesis expone la relación entre las prácticas burocráticas y la calidad educativa a partir de la relación entre instituciones del sector oficial que están inmersas dentro del contexto urbano – rural del municipio de La Calera. Se muestra en tres (3) capítulos, la incidencia de las políticas educativas a nivel internacional, nacional y municipal; se reflexiona sobre la preparación y definición de las evaluaciones de medición de la calidad y su impacto en los factores asociados...

  1. Prevalencia, incidencia y brecha terapéutica en la epilepsia Prevalence, incidence and treatment gap in epilepsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Carrizosa Moog

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Se revisa la epidemiología de la epilepsia haciendo énfasis en las definiciones y clasificaciones propuestas por la Liga Internacional contra la Epilepsia. Se estudian las cifras de prevalencia e incidencia tanto de países desarrollados como en desarrollo. Se ilustra sobre el concepto de brecha terapéutica y sus causas. The epidemiology of epilepsy is reviewed, emphasizing on the definitions and classifications proposed by the International League against Epilepsy. The figures of prevalence and incidence in developed and developing countries are analyzed. The concept of treatment gap and its causes are reviewed.

  2. El desarrollo profesional de los docentes de secundaria: Incidencia de algunas variables personales y de actuación profesional

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Treviño, Olga Elizabeth

    2007-01-01

    Consultable des del TDX Títol obtingut de la portada digitalitzada El presente trabajo de investigación, esta sustentado en conocer si la incidencia de algunas variables personales a) la actitud, b) el grado de satisfacción y las de actuación profesional c) el grado académico, d) el trabajo colaborativo, se relacionan con el Desarrollo Profesional en los docentes de secundaria. Dentro de los objetivos planteados mencionamos los siguientes: a) Describir la influencia y relación de las va...

  3. Componentes descriptivos y explicativos de la accidentalidad vial en Colombia: Incidencia del factor humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ervyn H. Norza Céspedes

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Problema: Se analizó la incidencia del factor humano en la accidentalidad vial en el territorio colombiano, y se identificó evidencia empírica para la formulación de política pública del tránsito. Metodología: El diseño es descriptivo-correlacional. Instrumentos: cuestionario de comportamiento para conductores y motociclistas (D.B.Q. y encuesta tipo Likert. Muestra no probabilística intencional: 16.322 personas (8.631 conductores de automotores, 5.133 motociclistas y 2.558 peatones, pasajeros y acompañantes. Resultados: a conductores con nivel educativo superior inciden en menos accidentes; b peatones con menor nivel educativo inciden en mayores conductas riesgosas; c las mujeres tienen actitud positiva y perciben eficacia de campañas en prevencion; d estilos de conducción iracundo, ansioso, riesgoso y de alta velocidad cometen más infracciones y accidentes; e desobedecer señales de tránsito, la principal causa de accidentalidad; f agresividad, hostilidad y estrés en el tránsito son factores que aumentan la probabilidad de accidente; g campañas de prevención no están siendo captadas por la población más afectada. Conclusiones y recomendaciones: Los factores de accidentalidad vial guardan correspondencia con el Triángulo de Seguridad Vial establecido por la Organización de las Naciones Unidas -factor humano preponderante en la accidentalidad-. Lineamientos de política pública fundamentados en procesos educativos y corporativos tendientes a disminuir la accidentalidad por lo general no se concibe aplicada a la seguridad pública. Por ello, se presenta la inteligencia criminal como una disciplina que se ocupa de anticipar los riesgos criminales contra la seguridad pública. Esto permitiría disminuir la incertidumbre durante la toma de decisiones y calcular los daños contra la seguridad pública, que se pretende prevenir.

  4. Movilidad imperfecta de factores de producción y el modelo de equilibrio general de incidencia impositiva: generalización y síntesis

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez-Páramo, José Manuel

    1986-01-01

    La literatura de hacienda pública teórica revela que la adopción de supuestos de inmovilidad de los factores de producción como aproximación al corto plazo puede afectar dramáticamente las predicciones y propiedades básicas del modelo de Harberger sobre la incidencia de un impuesto selectivo sobre los beneficios de las sociedades. En el presente trabajo se explora la naturaleza de la incidencia distributiva de este impuesto en aquellos casos de interés práctico en los que los factores de prod...

  5. Facileasymo: desarrollo de un sistema de diálogo multimodal para la resolución de incidencias informáticas

    OpenAIRE

    Bárzano Santamaría, Ricardo

    2014-01-01

    Este Proyecto Fin de Carrera consiste en el desarrollo de una herramienta que ayude a resolver sencillas y rutinarias incidencias informáticas, tanto a nivel doméstico como profesional. Esto se conseguirá a través de la ayuda de un asistente que conseguirá identificar el motivo de la incidencia, y a continuación ofrecerá una serie de sencillos pasos para ayudar al interlocutor a solucionarlo. Esta herramienta ofrece una comunicación multimodal, permitiendo al usuario interactuar c...

  6. Twenty years of society of medical informatics of b&h and the journal acta informatica medica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2012-03-01

    In 2012, Health/Medical informatics profession celebrates five jubilees in Bosnia and Herzegovina: a) Thirty five years from the introduction of the first automatic manipulation of data; b) Twenty five years from establishing Society for Medical Informatics BiH; c) Twenty years from establishing scientific and professional journal of the Society for Medical Informatics of Bosnia and Herzegovina "Acta Informatica Medica"; d) Twenty years from establishing first Cathdra for Medical Informatics on biomedical faculties in Bosnia and Herzegovina and e) Ten years from the introduction of "Distance learning" in medical curriculum. All of the five mentioned activities in the area of Medical informatics had special importance and gave appropriate contribution in the development of Health/Medical informatics in Bosnia And Herzegovina.

  7. New floristic records in the Balkans: 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    -14, 32, 65), Rosaceae (33, 66, 97), Rubiaceae (56, 73), Salicaceae (50), Scrophulariaceae (51), Valerianaceae (15) and Violaceae (57, 67). First reports for countries are: Bosnia & Herzegovina - Lactuca visianii (72), Potamogeton rutilus (29); Bulgaria - Convolvulus pilosellifolius (36), Deschampsia...

  8. 76 FR 11837 - Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) Request for Grant Proposals: Youth Leadership...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    ... sense and encompass differences including, but not limited to ethnicity, race, gender, religion... of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) Request for Grant Proposals: Youth Leadership and Teacher... Leadership and Teacher Professional Development Program with Bosnia and Herzegovina. Public and private...

  9. 7 CFR 319.74-2 - Conditions governing the entry of cut flowers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... exist in the following regions: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil... from any region listed in paragraph (d)(2) of this section only under the following conditions: (i)...

  10. Incidencia de bacteriemia y neumonía nosocomial en una unidad de pediatría

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez-Aguilar Gerardo

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Determinar la incidencia de bacteriemia relacionada con catéter y neumonía asociada a ventilador en niños hospitalizados. Material y métodos. Estudio prospectivo. En el servicio de Pediatría del Hospital General Regional (HGR No 1 del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS, de Durango, México, durante 18 meses, de enero de 1999 a junio del 2000, se implementó un sistema de vigilancia epidemiológica activa para identificar episodios de neumonía y bacteriemia nosocomial de acuerdo a las definiciones operacionales de la Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOM. A los pacientes hospitalizados que por su patología requirieron de ventilación mecánica o de catéter intravenoso central se les hizo seguimiento desde el primer día de exposición hasta la detección del episodio de infección o su retiro. Se efectuaron hemocultivos y cultivos de aspirado traqueal. Se calcularon tasas de incidencia para la neumonía asociada a ventilador y de bacteriemia/sepsis por 1 000 días de exposición con sus respectivos intervalos de confianza al 95%. También se presenta la tasa mensual de la infección por días de exposición por medio de gráficas de control estadístico. Resultados. Se identificaron 47 episodios de bacteriemia/sepsis relacionada con catéter y 44 de neumonía asociada a ventilador. La tasa de incidencia de neumonía fue de 28 eventos por 1 000 días de exposición a ventilador y la de bacteriemia/sepsis fue de 26 eventos por 1 000 días de exposición a catéter intravenoso central. Los microrganismos gram positivos (61.11% predominaron sobre los gram negativos (38.88%. Conclusiones. Este estudio documentó tasas de neumonía y bacteriemia en niños, sustancialmente más elevadas que en otros informes, lo que hace necesario establecer lineamientos para la prevención de infecciones en niños con catéteres intravasculares y sobre los cuidados que requieren los niños sometidos a ventilación mecánica. El texto completo en ingl

  11. Incidencia, etiología y epidemiología de la brucelosis en una área rural de la Provincia de LLeida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Serra Alvarez

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio investiga, de forma prospectiva, la incidencia, la etiología y el perfil epidemiolbgico de la brucelosis humana en las comarcas del Pallars Jussà y Sobir;l (Lleida, durante el período 1995-1998.

  12. Preservation of a traditional timber roof: the case of the Handanija mosque

    OpenAIRE

    Mevludin Zečević; Amir Čaušević; Nerman Rustempašić

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the authors provide a brief overview of their personal involvement in the inspection of the roof timbers of the Handanija Mosque in Prusac. As well as the inspection, the authors were asked to propose a design for the roof structure. The Handanija Mosque, built in 1617, is an important example of the cultural heritage of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the mosque was designated as a National Monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2005. The form, design and proportions of this traditio...

  13. Twenty Years of Society of Medical Informatics of B&H and the Journal Acta Informatica Medica

    OpenAIRE

    Masic, Izet

    2012-01-01

    In 2012, Health/Medical informatics profession celebrates five jubilees in Bosnia and Herzegovina: a) Thirty five years from the introduction of the first automatic manipulation of data; b) Twenty five years from establishing Society for Medical Informatics BiH; c) Twenty years from establishing scientific and professional journal of the Society for Medical Informatics of Bosnia and Herzegovina „Acta Informatica Medica“; d) Twenty years from establishing first Cathdra for Medical Informatics ...

  14. Monthly Report No. 11/2011

    OpenAIRE

    Vasily Astrov; Vladimir Gligorov; Peter Havlik; Mario Holzner; Olga Pindyuk; Josef Pöschl

    2011-01-01

    Albania candidate? not yet (by Mario Holzner; pp. 1-3) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Albania Topics Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy Bosnia and Herzegovina slow motion mode perpetuating (by Josef Pöschl; pp. 4-6) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Bosnia and Herzegovina Topics Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy Croatia recovery delayed (by Hermine Vidovic; pp. 7-9) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Count...

  15. Monthly Report No. 11/2010

    OpenAIRE

    Vasily Astrov; Vladimir Gligorov; Peter Havlik; Mario Holzner; Olga Pindyuk; Josef Pöschl; Hermine Vidovic

    2010-01-01

    Albania agnostic growth forecast (by M. Holzner; pp. 1-2) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Albania Topics Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy Bosnia and Herzegovina economic recovery and new political constellation (by J. Pöschl; pp. 3-5) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Bosnia and Herzegovina Topics Macroeconomic Analysis and Policy Croatia recovery not yet in sight (by H. Vidovic; pp. 6-8) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP...

  16. Monthly Report No. 12/2009

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimir Gligorov; Mario Holzner; Olga Pindyuk; Josef Pöschl

    2009-01-01

    Albania good quarters, bad quarters (by M. Holzner; pp. 1-3) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Albania Topics Macroeconomic Analysis, Forecasts and Policy Bosnia and Herzegovina moderately depressed economy in a climate of political uptightness (by J. Pöschl; pp. 4-6) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Bosnia and Herzegovina Topics Macroeconomic Analysis, Forecasts and Policy Montenegro foreign investment continues (by V. Gl...

  17. Monthly Report No. 12/2008

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimir Gligorov; Mario Holzner; Olga Pindyuk; Josef Pöschl

    2008-01-01

    Albania the importance of being aside (by M. Holzner, pp. 1-3) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Albania Topics Macroeconomic Analysis, Forecasts and Policy Bosnia and Herzegovina suffering from unfavourable constellations (by J. Pöschl, pp. 4-7) Keywords economic forecasts, GDP growth, inflation Countries covered Bosnia and Herzegovina Topics Macroeconomic Analysis, Forecasts and Policy Kazakhstan commodity price decline aggravates crisis (by O. Pindyuk, pp...

  18. Incidencia de la distomatosis hepática en los conejos de la ciudad de Lima y alrededores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oswaldo Meneses

    1955-12-01

    Full Text Available En el lapso comprendido entre el 22 de enero y 22 de agosto de 1954, se llevó a cabo una encuesta en 538 conejos criados en Lima y alrededores tratando de determinar la incidencia de infestación por la Fasciola hepática. Se utilizó la técnica de sedimentación para el examen coprológico de las heces. Al mismo tiempo, paralelamente con la encuesta, se realizaron autopsias en conejos muertos por diversas causas con el fin de buscar F. hepática en el hígado. También se determinó la viabilidad de los huevos de F. hepática obtenidos de las heces de los conejos parasitados. De los estudios realizados se puede sacar las siguientes conclusiones: 1. Se ha verificado la presencia de Fasciola hepática en los conejos de Lima y alrededores. 2. La incidencia a F. hepática en los conejos estudiados varía entre 2.6 % y 19.7 % de acuerdo con la alimentación. 3. Son viables los huevos de F. hepática que el conejo arroja con las heces, lo que indica la posibilidad de que este animal podría actuar como reservorio de distomatosis hepática en la ciudad de Lima. 4. La técnica de sedimentación para el diagnóstico de la distomatosis en conejos ha demostrado ser superior a otras técnicas.

  19. Incidencia de listeriosis invasiva en la Comunidad Valenciana durante el período 2008-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olalla Martínez Macias

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Listeria monocytogenes es una causa infrecuente de enfermedad, aunque en ciertos grupos (neonatos, ancianos, gestantes e inmunodeprimidos, puede ser causa de meningoencefalitis y bacteriemia. El objetivo del trabajo fue conocer la incidencia de listeriosis invasivas en la Comunidad Valenciana durante el periodo 2008-2010. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de las listeriosis invasivas detectadas en el periodo 2008-2010. Se consideró "caso" cuando se aisló Listeria a partir de una localización anatómica potencialmente estéril. Como fuente de información se utilizaron los datos procedentes de la Red de Vigilancia Microbiológica Valenciana (RedMIVA. Resultados: Durante el período estudiado se detectaron 98 casos de listeriosis invasivas .Las tasas de incidencia fueron: 0,73 casos/100.000 habitantes en 2008, 0,70 casos/100.000 habitantes en 2009 y 0,58 casos/100.000 habitantes en 2010. El 58% se dieron en varones. El grupo etario con mayor número de casos fue el de 60-80 años (63%. En 57 (58% casos la infección se presentó en forma de bacteriemia y en 30 (31% afectó al sistema nervioso central. En el resto de los casos 11 (11% las infecciones se diagnosticaron en otros órganos. En 90 cepas (92% de los casos pudo realizarse antibiograma y todas fueron sensibles a ampicilina. Conclusiones: La tasa media de listeriosis invasiva en la Comunidad Valenciana en el periodo 2008 a 2010 ha sido de 0,67 casos/100.000 habitantes. No se han detectado agrupaciones temporales o geográficas de casos durante este periodo de tiempo.

  20. Distribución e incidencia de Leidyula moreleti y Sarasinula plebeia (Soleolifera: Veronicellidae), babosas plaga en la región principal productora de vainilla en México

    OpenAIRE

    María Yaneli Velázquez-Montes de Oca; Alejandro D. Camacho; Edna Naranjo-García; Alejandro Tovar-Soto

    2014-01-01

    Para conocer la distribución, incidencia del daño y especies de plaga de babosas en el cultivo de vainilla; se muestrearon 22 localidades de 9 municipios en 2 estados productores de vainilla en México. Se determinó la incidencia del daño por la plaga en el cultivo y se identificaron las especies presentes. En el 100% de las localidades muestreadas predominó la especie Leidyula moreleti y, en menor proporción se encontró a Sarasinula plebeia (31.8%), ambas mostrando incidencias en el cultivo q...

  1. Incidencia del cáncer de vejiga urinaria en un área industrializada de España Incidence of urinary bladder cancer in an industrialized area of Spain

    OpenAIRE

    G. Urrutia; Serra, C.; X. Bonfill; Bastús, R.

    2002-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia del cáncer de vejiga en la comarca del Vallès Occidental (Barcelona), describir sus características histopatológicas y comparar su incidencia con la de otras áreas españolas y europeas. Método: Se incluyeron los casos nuevos de cáncer de vejiga diagnosticados entre 1992 y 1994 en el Vallès Occidental, área muy industrializada de Cataluña (España). Se ajustaron por edad las tasas de incidencia y se compararon con las de los datos publicados en los registros d...

  2. Incidencia de las leucemias agudas en niños de la ciudad de México, de 1982 a 1991

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mejía-Aranguré Juan Manuel

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Medir la tasa de incidencia de las leucemias agudas (LA en las diferentes delegaciones políticas del Distrito Federal y evaluar si existe una tendencia significativa en dichos padecimientos en tales delegaciones. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio longitudinal descriptivo realizado en seis hospitales de la ciudad de México, los que atienden a cerca de 97.5% de todos los niños con cáncer de esta ciudad. Los datos se capturaron de 1995 a 1996, y se analizaron en 1999, en el Hospital de Pediatría del Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Para cada delegación se calcularon la tasa de incidencia anual promedio, la tasa estandarizada y la razón estandarizada de morbilidad (REM con intervalos de confianza al 95% (IC 95%. La tendencia se evaluó con la tasa de cambio promedio. RESULTADOS: Se observó una tendencia al incremento en la incidencia de la leucemia aguda linfoblástica (LAL en cinco delegaciones: Alvaro Obregón, Cuauhtémoc, Gustavo A. Madero, Iztacalco y Venustiano Carranza. En la leucemia aguda mieloblástica (LAM no se notificaron cambios estadísticamente significativos en la incidencia en ninguna delegación política. Sólo con LAM se encontró una REM significativa y correspondió a la delegación Alvaro Obregón (REM= 2.91, IC 95% 1.63 - 4.80. Las REM más altas se encontraron en el sur y suroeste de la ciudad. CONCLUSIONES: Sólo se observó incremento en la incidencia de LAL en cinco delegaciones políticas. La incidencia más alta de LAM se encontró en la delegación Alvaro Obregón.

  3. COMPORTAMIENTO AGRONÓMICO E INCIDENCIA DE ENFERMEDADES EN INJERTOS DE JITOMATE EN JITOMATE NATIVO DE MÉXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvarez Hernandez Juan Carlos

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Resumen

     Con el objetivo de determinar el comportamiento del jitomate injertado en jitomate nativo, se estableció un estudio en “Valle de Apatzingán” Michoacán, México. Como portainjerto se utilizaron ecotipos de jitomate Solanum lycopersicum L. variedad cerasiforme (“tinguaraque”, como injerto el cultivar “Toro®. Se conformaron 13 tratamientos: seis injertos de jitomate en “tinguaraque”, seis “tinguaraques” y testigo (jitomate. En los tratamientos injertos y jitomate se registró: altura, diámetro de tallo, racimos florales, altura al primer racimo floral, peso, tamaño y rendimiento de frutos por planta; en todos los tratamientos se registró en frutos pH, sólidos solubles y humedad; y en planta incidencia de enfermedades. Se obtuvieron diferencias para altura, di

  4. Análisis de componentes del sistema productivo de aguacate, con incidencia probable de Phytophthora en Cesar, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Tofiño

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Debido a la disminución del 35% en rendimiento y mortalidad creciente del aguacatero, se realizó un estudio en los municipios Curumaní y La Paz Robles del Departamento del Cesar (Colombia, con el objetivo de identificar los principales factores agroecológicos y de manejo que afectaron la sanidad y productividad, al igual que las zonas con mayores ventajas comparativas para siembra. Para ello, se evaluaron: tejidos radicales, variables del sistema productivo, descriptores físicos, químicos y microbiológicos de suelo, analizados por componentes principales. Se confirmó infección en raíces por Phytophthora spp y Fusarium sp, con incidencia variable entre municipios. La prueba de Fisher (5%, no mostró relación significativa (P>0.05 entre presencia de patógenos y síntomas en árboles. En Curumaní, las variables de mayor contribución, al 32.70% de la varianza explicada por el primer componente principal, fueron: ufc de bacterias, temperatura, porcentaje de arena y pH; mientras que en La Paz Robles (44.30%, fueron: porcentaje de limo, materia orgánica y número de géneros fúngicos. El análisis de conglomerados indicó mayor heterogeneidad en el sistema productivo de fincas de Curumaní, con respecto a La Paz Robles. En ambos municipios, el porcentaje de materia orgánica mostró relación positiva con el número de géneros de hongos identificados y el porcentaje de arcilla afectó el rendimiento de frutos. Se encontró mayor frecuencia de patógenos con respecto a benéficos, y la incidencia de pudrición radical, estuvo influenciada por suelos ácidos, bajos niveles de nutrientes, materia orgánica y prácticas agrícolas inadecuadas. Las veredas promisorias para inversión fueron Paraíso porvenir, Los naranjos, y Las nubes.

  5. Incidencia y caracterización de la miocardiopatía periparto en el Hospital do Prenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geovedy Martínez García

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La miocardiopatía periparto es una enfermedad rara que aparece en mujeres sanas y se caracteriza por el desarrollo de disfunción ventricular izquierda y síntomas de insuficiencia cardíaca sistólica, en el período entre el último mes de embarazo y los cinco primeros meses del puerperio.Objetivos: Determinar la incidencia, forma de presentación, tratamiento y mortalidad de las pacientes recibidas en el hospital.Método: Estudio prospectivo de 13 pacientes con diagnóstico de miocardiopatía periparto recibidas en el Hospital do Prenda desde julio de 2012 a julio de 2013. Se analizaron variables demográficas, factores de riesgo, historia ginecológica y obstétrica, síntomas y signos de insuficiencia cardíaca, hallazgos ecocardiográficos y tratamiento utilizado.Resultados: La edad media fue 30,8 ± 7,23 años, predominaron las pacientes mayores de 35 años (38,5 %. La mayoría eran multíparas (84,6 % y con más de tres gestaciones (61,5 %, como principal factor de riesgo se encontró a la enfermedad hipertensiva del embarazo (53,8 %. Once pacientes fueron diagnosticadas durante las primeras semanas del puerperio. La fracción de eyección media fue de 36,8 ± 10 %. Los medicamentos utilizados con mayor frecuencia fueron espironolactona, otros diuréticos y digitálicos. No hubo fallecidos durante el ingreso.Conclusiones: Los síntomas y signos de insuficiencia cardíaca con fracción de eyección disminuida y el uso de digitálicos y diuréticos fueron las características distintivas de estas pacientes, similares a las informadas en los registros internacionales. La inciden-cia de esta enfermedad es muy baja y no hubo fallecidas en el período estudiado.

  6. La resolución de anaforas en niños: incidencia de la explcicitud y de la distancia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Borzone

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de un estudio exploratorio acerca de la resolución de anáforas en niños. Las investigaciones realizadas con adultos jóvenes muestran que hay una serie de factores que inciden en el procesamiento anafórico. Tomando como referencia dichos factores, en este estudio se ha analizado la incidencia del grado de explicitud y de la distancia entre la forma anafórica y el antecedente. El grupo social de procedencia de los niños (nivel socioeconómico: NSE medio y NSE bajo es otra de las variables independientes y como variables dependientes se tomaron las respuestas de los niños a preguntas sobre el antecedente de una expresión anafórica en un texto breve. Los tipos de anáforas eran: repetición, sinonimia, pronombre con clave de género, frase nominal, pronombre sin clave de género, supraordenamiento semántico y anáfora cero. Participaron cuatro grupos de niños de segundo y tercer año del nivel de Enseñanza General Básica (EGB. Los resultados muestran un mejor desempeño de los niños de NSE medio con respecto a los de NSE bajo, independientemente del grado de explicitud y de la distancia de las formas anafóricas. Las diferencias entre grupos de niños son mayores entre los de segundo año. En tercero, en ambos grupos se observan porcentajes de respuestas correctas superiores al 90%, excepto en el caso de anáfora sin clave de género. Se observa la incidencia del grado de explicitud de la forma anafórica y de la distancia en aquellas formas cuya resolución presenta dificultades. La anáfora cero no resulta difícil de resolver para los grupos estudiados.

  7. Incidencia de infección por hepatitis C en donantes de cabezas femorales para el banco de tejidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonanad Boix Santiago

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Los donantes vivos de cabezas femorales constituyen un grupo de edad y características patológicas muy concreto, y forman el núcleo más importante que nutre de hueso esponjoso a muchos Bancos de Tejidos, para dar cobertura a las necesidades de diversas especialidades quirúrgicas reparadoras y correctoras. Dentro de los programas de control de calidad, se analizó la prevalencia de infección por virus de hepatitis C entre esta población, tomando como grupo de control poblacional a donantes de sangre habituales de la misma localización geográfica, y cuyos datos constaban en los registros del Centro de Transfusión de la Comunidad Valenciana, en donde está ubicado el propio Banco de Tejidos. Aunque la comparación de resultados puede dar origen de interpretaciones erróneas debido al desajuste cualitativo de los grupos, se encontró una incidencia mucho más elevada de infección por VHC entre los donantes de hueso esponjoso que entre los donantes de sangre (3,816% vs. 0,569%, aunque con una proporción menor de donantes con alteraciones enzimáticas hepáticas (por medición de transaminasas. A pesar de que la incidencia hallada de VHC fue casi 6 veces la de la población general, la decisión de prescindir de los donantes vivos de hueso esponjoso crearía serios problemas de abastecimiento a los Bancos de Tejidos. Por ello se propone extremar la aplicación de los criterios de exclusión en la selección de donantes de hueso, y la implantación de técnicas de esterilización por procedimientos físico-químicos (liofilización, deshidratación, tratamiento químico, irradiación para procesar estos tejidos, al tiempo que emplear los donantes multiorgánicos de tejidos, de edad más joven, como fuente de hueso esponjoso destinado a criopreservación sin tratamiento de esterilización adicional.

  8. Incidencia fiscal en México ¿Es posible aumentar la recaudación sin afectar a la población?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Robles Valencia

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo reseña la literatura teórica y empírica en relación con la incidencia fiscal y la posibilidad de generar una situación de mayor recaudación, en relación con un trato justo de los contribuyentes por el sistema fiscal; esto con el objetivo de alcanzar una equidad horizontal y con miras a una mejora en el estado de bienestar, acorde a un efecto redistributivo. Además, se considera la necesidad de una recaudación eficiente para generar un sistema robusto, el cual pueda solventar el gasto público para el caso mexicano. Se concluye con una serie de comentarios con base en la experiencia y la situación actual de la incidencia fiscal.

  9. Incidencia de la gestión de la calidad en los resultados de las empresas: un estudio para el caso de las empresas vascas

    OpenAIRE

    Arana Landín, Germán; Heras Saizarbitoria, Iñaki; Ochoa Laburu, Carlos; Andonegi Martínez, José Miguel

    2004-01-01

    En este artículo se analiza la incidencia y la difusión de la Gestión de la Calidad(GC) en las empresas vascas a lo largo de los últimos años. En primer lugar se realiza una breve introducción donde se analiza la difusión del paradigma de la calidad en el ámbito de la gestión y organización de empresas, para más adelante analizar la incidencia de este movimiento en las empresas vascas. Se analiza, asimismo, cuál ha sido la motivación de las empresas a la hora de implantar estas normas y model...

  10. Tendencia, estacionalidad y distribución geográfica de la incidencia de fractura de cadera en un área de salud de la Comunidad Valenciana: (1994-2000

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    José María Tenías

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La incidencia de fractura de cadera ha sido estimada en nuestro país en periodos cortos de tiempo, sin valorar los cambios temporales de tendencia y estacionalidad. El objetivo de este trabajo es estimar la incidencia de fractura de cadera en un Área de Salud de la Comunidad Valenciana durante 7 años (1994-2000, explorando su tendencia, estacionalidad y los cambios geográficos por zonas de salud y tipo de núcleo, rural o urbano. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de los casos de FC en mayores de 45 años. Se excluyeron los pacientes no residentes en el Área, las fracturas patológicas y las producidas por accidente de tráfico. Los cambios temporales y geográficos de la incidencia se estimaron por regresión de Poisson. Resultados: La incidencia global de fractura de cadera en mayores de 45 años fue de 274 casos por 100000 habitantes y año (IC95% 259-288. En hombres fue de 149 y en mujeres de 383 casos por 100000 habitantes-año. La distribución temporal mostró una tendencia positiva aunque no significativa, con un incremento medio mensual de la incidencia del 0,04%. Esta tendencia fue mayor para hombres que para mujeres. Se observó una clara estacionalidad, con incidencias relativas menores en los meses de primavera y verano. La incidencia no varió significativamente por zonas de salud ni por el tipo de núcleo urbano o rural. Conclusiones: La incidencia de FC es similar aunque algo superior a la de otras provincias españolas. Se observa una discreta tendencia positiva y una clara estacionalidad, sin cambios geográficos significativos.

  11. El costo de capital y su incidencia en los métodos de flujo de caja descontados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo A. Pérez

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Un estudio de factibilidad técnico económico en cualquier rama de la ingeniería o en cualquier tipo de negocio, implica conocer una medida de la rentabilidad del emprendimiento. Actualmente, nadie discute que para una toma de decisión fundamentada se deben utilizar los métodos de flujo de caja descontados (DCF, a pesar de que persisten otras formas muy difundidas (por ejemplo: período de repago, relación beneficio/costo. El objetivo del trabajo es analizar críticamente los métodos a utilizar para evaluar proyectos mutuamente excluyentes, como también proponer formas alternativas de análisis de rentabilidad que contemplen la incidencia de las distintas tasas y acoten la decisión de un modo adecuado. La propuesta presentada aquí permite ordenar alternativas excluyentes con criterios que contengan una visión mas completa. El resultado más interesante está relacionado con la sensibilidad de los métodos sobre las variables de decisión inherentes a estos.Palabras clave: DCF, costo de capital; proyectos excluyentes; rentabilidad de proyectos.

  12. ESTRATEGIAS DE ACCION E INCIDENCIA EN LAS POLITICAS PUBLICAS DE LAS COOPERATIVAS DE TERCER GRADO EN ARGENTINA

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    María Cristina Acosta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo indaga sobre la incidencia de las entidades representativas del cooperativismo argentino en las políticas públicas contemporáneas. Se presenta un estudio de caso de las dos más importantes cooperativas de tercer grado del país, se analizan sus metas y estrategias en las interacciones con las dependencias estatales. Los resultados de las acciones de los actores definen metas y estrategias que pueden ser convergentes y/o divergentes. Se concluye que los vínculos que han construido las confederaciones seleccionadas con el Estado presentan características de complementación y cooperación en términos generales. Asimismo, la facultad de las organizaciones estudiadas para incidir en la definición de las políticas públicas resulta no solamente de los recursos propios, sino, principalmente, de las oportunidades políticas y la capacidad de establecer alianzas inter-actorales mediante estrategias colectivas.

  13. Self y creatividad en el pragmatismo de C.S. Peirce: "la incidencia del instante presente en la conducta"

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    Fernando Andacht

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta una reflexión sobre la relevancia teórica y analítica de la creatividad y de la espontaneidad, consideradas como un aspecto central del modelo semiótico de C.S. Peirce, y lo hace a través del estudio de su incidencia en la identidad humana, en el self. Para ello, apelo a una serie de conceptos técnicos de la te ría de los signos peirceana, los cuales son aplicados a un abordaje analítico contemporáneo de un film de ficción realista. En su trama narrativa, bajo la forma de una alegoría realista, es posible contemplar el proceso en virtud del cual emerge en la vida de cada día la tendencia creativa al cambio, en fuerte tensión con su opuesto, la tendencia conservadora que, en caso de adquirir una hegemonía excesiva, busca convertir un estado concreto de cosas en algo permanente y opresor para la vida humana concebida como el aumento continuo de razonabilidad.

  14. Incidencia en España de la asbestosis y otras enfermedades pulmonares benignas debidas al amianto durante el período 1962-2010

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    Montserrat García Gómez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: En España carecemos de una descripción completa de las enfermedades profesionales causadas por el amianto. El objetivo del presente trabajo esconocer la incidencia durante el período 1962-2010 de las asbestosis y otras enfermedades pulmonares benignas por amianto reconocidas como profesionales y su distribución por sectores, ocupación, sexo y ámbito geográfico. Métodos: El número de casos se obtuvo de las Memorias del INP (años 1962 a 1975, de la Estadística del Ministerio de Trabajo y las Memorias del Servicio de Higiene y Seguridad en el Trabajo (1976 a 1981 y de los Anuarios de Estadísticas Laborales a partir de 1982. Se obtuvieron tasas de incidencia específicas por actividad económica y ocupación. Se estudió la tendencia temporal del número de enfermedades a estudio, así como su distribución geográfica por Comunidad Autónoma y provincia. Resultados: Desde 1963 hasta 2010 se reconocieron 815 asbestosis y 46 afecciones fibrosantes de pleura y pericardio. La incidencia media anual de asbestosis fue 0,20 por 100.000 personas asalariadas (0,31 en el año 1990 y 0,40 en 2010. De 1990 a 2001 el sector del fibrocemento acumuló 189 casos de asbestosis, el naval 173, la construcción 49 y la metalurgia 35. Por ocupación, los operadores de maquinas fijas presentaron 114 casos, los moldeadores, soldadores, chapistas y montadores de estructuras metálicas 88 casos y los pintores, fontaneros e instaladores de tuberías 59. Las Comunidades Autónomas con más casos fueron la Valenciana (106, Galicia (86, Andalucía (82, Cataluña (75, Madrid (58 y País Vasco (41. Conclusiones: Las tasas de incidencia y la tendencia de asbestosis profesionales en España pueden estar evidenciando el infrareconocimiento del origen profesional de estas enfermedades en nuestro país. Los sectores más afectados fueron el del fibrocemento y el naval y la incidencia más alta se dió en la Comunidad Valenciana.

  15. Cancer incidence estimates at the national and district levels in Colombia Incidencia estimada de cáncer en Colombia a nivel departamental y nacional

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    Marion Piñeros

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To estimate national and district cancer incidence for 18 major cancer sites in Colombia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National and district incidence was estimated by applying a set of age, sex and site-specific incidence/mortality ratios, obtained from a population-based cancer registry, to national and regional mortality. The work was done in Bogotá (Colombia and Lyon (France between May 2003 and August 2004. RESULTS: The annual total number of cases expected (all cancers but skin was 17 819 in men and 18 772 in women. Among males the most frequent cancers were those of the prostate (45.8 per 100 000, stomach (36.0, and lung (20.0. In females the most frequent were those of the cervix uteri (36.8 per 100 000, breast (30.0, and stomach (20.7. Districts with the lowest death certification coverage yielded the highest incidence rates. CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of national population-based cancer registry data, estimates of incidence provide valuable information at national and regional levels. As mortality data are an important source for the estimation, the quality of death certification should be considered as a possible cause of bias.OBJETIVOS: Determinar la incidencia nacional y departamental para 18 tipos de cáncer en Colombia. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se estimaron casos y tasas de incidencia ajustadas por edad a partir de razones incidencia/mortalidad según edad, sexo y tipo de cáncer. Los casos se tomaron de un registro poblacional y se usó la información oficial de mortalidad. El trabajo se realizó en Bogotá (Colombia y en Lyon (Francia entre mayo de 2003 y agosto de 2004. RESULTADOS: El número anual de casos esperados (todos los cánceres fue 17 819 en hombres y 18 772 en mujeres. Los principales cánceres en hombres fueron los de próstata (45.8 por 100 000, estómago (36.0 y pulmón (20.0; en mujeres fueron los de cuello uterino (36.8 por 100 000, mama (30.0 y estómago (20.7. Los departamentos con baja cobertura del

  16. QUANTITATIVE OPTICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE REALGAR FROM THE ARSENIC-BEARING DEPOSIT BANJAK SOUTH OF THE TOWN OF KISELJAK IN BOSNIA

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    Ivan Jurković

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the author presented the data for the reflectivity of the realgar from the arsenic deposit Banjak near Kiseljak in Bosnia obtained by Berek's »Spaltmikroskopphotometer«, The. measurements were carried out for each spectral area (E, D, C both in air and in cedar oil. Using the special Berek's ocular with the eliptical analyser and rotating mica plate as the special objective without effects of polarization the author measured and reported following quantitative optical parameters of the realgar: (a »Symetrieforderung nach Berek«; (b characteristic angle τ; (c polarization coefficient (η2-η1 or »reduzierte Doppelbrechung«; (d phase coefficient (x2 - x1 or »Doppelapsorption« (e values for R1, and R2, and R2/R1; (f reflection pleochroism (R2 — R1 (the paper is published in Croatian.

  17. Estudios sobre Cacao 1.Incidencia de la "Pasmazón de los Pepinos" en Algunos Cacaos Venezolanos

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    Ciferri R.

    1948-12-01

    Full Text Available Se investigó la incidencia de la pudrición de la mazorca del cacao por el Phytophthora palmivora Butler sobre diferentes grupos de variedades de cacao cultivadas en el ambiente subárido de regadío en Ocumare de la Costa, Estado Aragua, Venezuela. Se ha averiguado que la infección sistémica de dichas mazorcas proviene de la infección primaria de los cojines florales, habiéndose estudiado su curso y sus características. Entre otras cosas se notó que, aunque es verdad que el período de mayor susceptibilidad a la infección sistémica es el que corre desde el fin del estado de pepino del fruto (fruto mayor de 9-10 centímetros, o sea de 75 a 90 días de edad y el fin del período de desarrollo del fruto (140 a 150 días a contar desde la fecundación de la flor, puede haber un estado precoz de infección de la mazorca joven, el cual no ocurre nunca antes de los quince días de edad, esto es, en el período de máxima incidencia de la enfermedad fisiológica conocida como "pasmazón de los pepinos". Dicha infección es exclusivamente sistémica y puede afectar hasta las dos quintas partes de los pepinos que cuelgan de cojines infectados. Observóse que el chancro del tallo, que por lo regular sigue a la infección del cojín floral, no es tan dañino como comúnmente se afirma, pero que sus daños económicos se deben a la improductividad producida en el cojín infectado. El Criollo de concha decolorada es más susceptible a la infección por Phytophthora que el de concha morada y el híbrido forastero venezolano el cual, a su vez, parece más susceptible a la infección del cojín floral que los demás grupos de variedades. En un lapso de 10 meses los frutos infectados por medio del cojín floral representan los tres cuartos o cuatro quintos del total. La presencia de pigmento antociánico en la cáscara de la mazorca no madura parece conferir una relativa resistencia a la infección por el Phytophthora; empero, en el Forastero

  18. Incidencia y factores de riesgo para enterocolitis necrosante en una cohorte de prematuros menores de 1500 gramos

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    María Eulalia Tamayo

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: la enterocolitis necrosante (ECN es la urgencia gastrointestinal más frecuente del período neonatal, y tiene una alta tasa de mortalidad. La influencia de los factores de riesgo en la aparición de ECN es aún motivo de controversia. OBJETIVO: definir la incidencia e identificar los factores de riesgo relacionados con la ECN en una cohorte retrospectiva de niños con peso al nacer menor de 1.500 gramos. MÉTODOS: estudio de cohorte en recién nacidos pretérmino menores de 1.500 gramos. Se revisaron 254 historias clínicas, seleccionadas aleatoriamente de una base de datos de los neonatos egresados del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP, de Medellín, Colombia, entre enero de 2001 y enero de 2006; se determinó la incidencia de ECN y se observó el comportamiento de las variables identificadas en la literatura como factores de riesgo en el grupo que padeció y en el que no padeció ECN, usando el análisis univariado y el modelo de regresión logística. RESULTADOS: se encontraron 23 casos de ECN, correspondientes al 9% de los 254 pacientes. La gravedad fue de grado II en 52,2% y de grado III en 47,8%. De los pacientes con ECN, 52% fueron hombres, el peso al nacer fue 1.031 g (± 209, y la edad gestacional, 28 semanas (± 2; la edad gestacional entre 24 y 28 semanas se comportó como un factor de riesgo independiente para la aparición de ECN (p = 0,005, OR ajustado 5,5, [95% IC: 1,6-2,0]. El diagnóstico de ECN se hizo al día 10,22 de vida (± 10. Los pacientes con ECN tuvieron con más frecuencia apneas, ductus arterioso persistente y sepsis tardía, y se les realizaron más procedimientos invasivos como catéter venoso umbilical y ventilación mecánica. El 86% recibieron vía enteral con leche de fórmula antes del diagnóstico y la administración de esta se comportó como un factor de riesgo al ajustar en el análisis multivariado (p = 0,027, OR ajustado 4,6, [95% IC: 1,193-18,4]. La tasa de mortalidad en

  19. INCIDENCIA DE LOS TIROS LIBRES EN PARTIDOS DE BALONCESTO PROFESIONAL [Incidence of free throws in professional basketball games

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    José Vicente García Tormo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio es describir la incidencia que tiene el tiro libre sobre el resultado final del encuentro, además de ver que otros factores pueden influir en el porcentaje final de aciertos de tiros libres, comparando para ello las ligas profesionales nacionales con la competición europea. Para ello se han analizado un total de 59364 tiros libres efectuados en 1722 partidos correspondientes a dos temporadas de las ligas profesionales de baloncesto españolas (ACB y LFB y europeas (Euroleague y Euroleague Women. Se ha realizado un análisis descriptivo, un análisis de sincronía y un análisis de los residuos tipificados corregidos. Los resultados evidencian la importancia de los tiros libres en el resultado final, en especial en las ligas masculinas y cuando el marcador final es ajustado. Así mismo, el factor cancha como local tiene relación con una mayor eficacia en los tiros libres y en lograr la victoria.AbstractThe aim of this study is to describe the incident of the free throw on the final results of the basketball match, and see how other factors may influence the final average of successful free throws, comparing national leagues with European competition. A total of 59,364 free throws have been analyzed, corresponding to 1722 matches from two seasons of the Spanish professional basketball league (ACB and LFB and European league (Euroleague Euroleague and women. Has been made descriptive analysis, an analysis of synchrony and an analysis of the residuals corrected. The results demonstrate the importance of free throws for the final score, especially in male and when is a close match. Likewise, the home court advantage is related to higher efficiency in free throws and win the match.

  20. Tasas de incidencia y mortalidad por Cáncer de Mama en el Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga en el período 2001-2005

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    Sonia Esperanza Osma Zambrano

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El cáncer de mama es un problema de salud pública a nivel mundial; es por eso que conocer las tasas de incidencia y mortalidad en nuestra región es prioritario para evaluar globalmente el estado de salud-enfermedad secundario de esta lesión tumoral. Objetivo: Describir las tasas de incidencia y mortalidad por cáncer de mama en las mujeres del Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga (AMB durante el primer quinquenio de funcionamiento del Registro Poblacional de Cáncer del AMB (RPC-AMB Metodología: Los casos de cáncer de mama invasivos, primarios en mujeres, diagnosticados durante el período 2001-2005 se seleccionaron de la base del RPC-AMB. Los datos de población y mortalidad se obtuvieron del Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE, Secretaria de Salud Departamental y Registraduría Nacional de la Nación. De la misma manera, se estimaron tasas crudas de incidencia (TC y mortalidad (TMC totales y específicas por grupos de edad y las tasas de incidencia estandarizada (TEE y mortalidad ajustada por edad (TMEE para el quinquenio correspondiente por el método directo. Resultados: Se identificaron 999 casos de cáncer de mama invasivo. Se excluyeron del análisis once pacientes después de completarse el segundo proceso de validación. La TC global fue de 37.8/100.000 mujeres y la TEE global fue de 38.9/100.000 mujeres. La TMC global fue de 17.3/100.000 mujeres y la TMEE fue de 17.5/100.000 mujeres. La mortalidad acumulada a 5 años por cáncer de mama para la cohorte fue de 44.4 % (IC95% 41.2-47.6. La sumatoria de tiempo de seguimiento fue de 72.520.6 meses o 6.043.4 años, con un rango interquartil de (37.9-114.6. La densidad de incidencia fue de 4.32 muertes por cáncer de mama invasivo por cada 1.000 mujeres por meses de seguimiento (IC 95% 3.9-4.8. Siendo la densidad de incidencia mayor para las pacientes menores de 44 años con 4.55 (IC 95% 3.61-5.73 y para las mayores de 65 años con 6.18 (IC 95% 5

  1. Atenuación de la asimetría y de la curtosis de las puntuaciones observadas mediante transformaciones de variables: Incidencia sobre la estructura factorial

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Ángel Ruiz Díaz; María Noel Rodríguez Ayán

    2008-01-01

    En este trabajo se evalúa la incidencia de la atenuación, mediante transformaciones de variables, del sesgo y de la curtosis de las puntuaciones observadas, sobre la estructura factorial, estimada mediante análisis factorial exploratorio y confirmatorio. Los datos proceden de una escala de opinión estudiantil para la evaluación de profesores universitarios, de 16 ítems medidos en escala Likert. Las distribuciones observadas no se aproximan a la normalidad, por lo que ...

  2. Incidencia del Síndrome de Frey diagnosticado mediante Test de Minor y su tratamiento con Toxina Botulínica

    OpenAIRE

    Lesmas Navarro, Maria José

    2015-01-01

    Los tumores de las glándulas salivales son una patología poco frecuente, con una incidencia aproximada de 2-3 casos por cada 100.000 habitantes, a pesar de ello son un motivo de consulta al especialista en Otorrinolaringología que no debemos menospreciar. Aproximadamente el 80% de estos tumores se originan en la glándula parótida y su tratamiento consistirá fundamentalmente en una parotidectomía. Como con cualquier otra cirugía, debemos conocer bien las complicaciones que pueden aparecer ...

  3. Análisis de la incidencia de las certificaciones de calidad sobre la productividad de los hoteles en Andalucía

    OpenAIRE

    José Luis Sánchez-Ollero; Alejandro García-Pozo; Andrés J. Marchante-Mera

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en evaluar el impacto que tienen las certificaciones de calidad sobre la productividad de los establecimientos hoteleros, resultando que únicamente la Q de Calidad Turística mejora la productividad en un 17,67%, como media. También existe una incidencia positiva sobre la productividad la categoría del establecimiento y/o pertenencia a una cadena, así como la externalización de servicios. Por el contrario, la ubicación del establecimiento en zonas del inter...

  4. Tercer sector y educación en perspectiva histórica: estudio de la incidencia pedagógica de las redes de sociabilidad organizada

    OpenAIRE

    Pere SOLÁ

    2013-01-01

    Se aborda la conceptualización de los factores educativos informales que han de servir al historiador social para analizar las relaciones entre Tercer Sector y educación en el marco del estudio de la incidencia pedagógica de las redes de sociabilidad organizada. La constitución de un censo analítico tan exhaustivo como fuera posible de entidades de un ámbito geográfico concreto (demarcación provincial leridana) sirve para investigar en qué medida la sociedad civil se ha dotado de redes asocia...

  5. Incidencia lesional en el ámbito del Balonmano. El papel del fisioterapeuta y el entrenamiento en un equipo de Balonmano de nivel Medio

    OpenAIRE

    Mazón Gardoqui, Jaime; García, P. C.

    2010-01-01

    Introducción: En equipos no profesionales – en este caso de balonmano -, es de vital importancia conocer las lesiones más frecuentes, las características concretas y la preparación física de la que parten la plantilla así como los trata- mientos más recurridos por el fisioterapeuta deportivo, ya que de ello dependerá en gran medida el éxito en nuestra actuación como fisioterapeutas y/o entrenadores deportivos. Objetivo: Analizar la incidencia lesional de un equipo de balonmano de nivel medio...

  6. Incidencia de bacteriemia y neumonía nosocomial en una unidad de pediatría Incidence of nosocomial bacteremia and pneumonia in a pediatric ward

    OpenAIRE

    Gerardo Martínez-Aguilar; María del Carmen Anaya-Arriaga; Carlos Avila-Figueroa

    2001-01-01

    Objetivo. Determinar la incidencia de bacteriemia relacionada con catéter y neumonía asociada a ventilador en niños hospitalizados. Material y métodos. Estudio prospectivo. En el servicio de Pediatría del Hospital General Regional (HGR) No 1 del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), de Durango, México, durante 18 meses, de enero de 1999 a junio del 2000, se implementó un sistema de vigilancia epidemiológica activa para identificar episodios de neumonía y bacteriemia nosocomial de acuer...

  7. Inmigración extranjera y reacciones de xenofobia a finales del Antiguo Régimen: algunas consideraciones sobre su incidencia en los casos de Valencia y Alicante

    OpenAIRE

    Franch Benavent, Ricardo

    2003-01-01

    El análisis de las matrículas elaboradas en las décadas de 1760 y 1770 permite apreciar la similar entidad y el mayoritario origen francés de los agentes comerciales extranjeros que ejercían los negocios al por mayor en las ciudades de Valencia y Alicante. No obstante, la diversa incidencia que tenían sus actividades sobre la vida económica local contribuye a explicar la desigual gravedad de las reacciones de xenofobia que se experimentaron en ambas ciudades a finales del Antiguo Régimen. (A)...

  8. Análisis de la incidencia de las certificaciones de calidad sobre la productividad de los hoteles en Andalucía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Sánchez-Ollero

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en evaluar el impacto que tienen las certificaciones de calidad sobre la productividad de los establecimientos hoteleros, resultando que únicamente la Q de Calidad Turística mejora la productividad en un 17,67%, como media. También existe una incidencia positiva sobre la productividad la categoría del establecimiento y/o pertenencia a una cadena, así como la externalización de servicios. Por el contrario, la ubicación del establecimiento en zonas del interior provincial genera efecto reductor sobre la productividad.

  9. Incidencia de la condición física en los esguinces de tobillo en jugadoras de fútbol

    OpenAIRE

    Vera, María Pía

    2014-01-01

    El esguince de tobillo es la segunda lesión ligamentosa más frecuente entre las jugadoras de fútbol femenino, por ello, es importante determinar cuáles son los factores que predisponen dicha lesión para poder evitar la aparición y recidiva, elaborando así un protocolo de entrenamiento y prevención. Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de esguince de tobillo y su gravedad en jugadoras de futbol femenino en relación a su condición física. Material y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo,...

  10. El impacto de la exposición a plaguicidas sobre la Incidencia de Cáncer de mama. Evidencia de Costa Rica

    OpenAIRE

    Santamaría-Ulloa, Carolina

    2009-01-01

    Introducción: El cáncer de mama (CM) es el más prevalente y la principal causa de muerte por cáncer en las mujeres alrededor del mundo. El bajo porcentaje de casos relacionado con el historial reproductivo o la genética sugiere que el ambiente puede estar jugando un rol en su etiología. Se ha hipotetizado que la exposición a plaguicidas puede tener un efecto importante. Objetivo: Este estudio ecológico prueba si la incidencia de CM en Costa Rica está relacionada con la exposición ambiental a ...

  11. Incidencia del factor encierro en las relaciones interpersonales de sujetos adictos : Investigación en Rorschach SC19

    OpenAIRE

    D'Alessio Vila, Sebastián Domingo; Tonin, María Soledad; Urrutia, María Inés

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar empíricamente la incidencia del proceso judicial en las relaciones interpersonales de pacientes adictos. Material y métodos: Se administró el Rorschach SC a 50 pacientes adictos a sustancias psicotrópicas (marihuana y cocaína fundamentalmente). Resultados: Se registraron diferencias altamente significativas en todas las variables estudiadas. Conclusión: Los adictos judicializados presentan menor interés en relacionarse con los demás y mayores dificultades para c...

  12. Consumo de jamón curado e incidencia de eventos cardiovasculares, hipertensión arterial o ganancia de peso

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz-Canela, M. (Miguel); Bes-Rastrollo, M.; Zazpe, I.; Martinez, J. A.; Cuervo, M.; Martinez-Gonzalez, M.A.

    2009-01-01

    Fundamento y objetivo: El jamón curado es uno de los alimentos característicos de la dieta mediterránea española. Sin embargo, no existe ningún estudio epidemiológico prospectivo que haya valorado sus efectos sobre la salud humana. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la asociación entre el consumo de jamón curado y la incidencia de hipertensión arterial, enfermedad cardiovascular y/o ganancia de peso. Sujetos y método: En una cohorte epidemiológica prospectiva y dinámica de 13.293 graduados unive...

  13. Incidencia de nuevos diagnósticos de VIH en España, 2004-2009 Incidence of new HIV diagnoses in Spain, 2004-2009

    OpenAIRE

    Mercedes Díez; Jesús Oliva; Fernando Sánchez; Nuria Vives; Carlos Cevallos; Ana Izquierdo

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo: Describir la incidencia de nuevos diagnósticos de infección por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) y su tendencia. Métodos: Se incluyeron los nuevos diagnósticos de VIH notificados en 2009 en las 15 comunidades autónomas con sistemas de información (64% de la población española). Para analizar las tendencias durante 2004-2009 se incluyeron las nueve comunidades con datos en ese periodo. Se obtuvo información clínico-epidemiológica de las hojas de notificación de casos y s...

  14. Incidencia de la introducción del Búfalo (Bubalus bubalis) en el Medio Ambiente. Estudio de caso Granja Estatal La Perla. Provincia Matanzas

    OpenAIRE

    Sonia Caridad Marín Valera; Ivis María Villasuso Socarrás

    2010-01-01

    Se estudian las características del búfalo (Bubalus bubalis), para conocer cuales son los principales impactos ocasionados por el desarrollo de la especie y su implantación en el medio socioeconómico. Se elabora una matriz de identificación de Impacto de la masa bufalina en la Granja Estatal "La Perla", y se definen cuales son las acciones producidas, y los factores que mayor incidencia presentan en el territorio. Se comprueba el estado ambiental de la zona ...

  15. Disparidades en la incidencia de sífilis congénita en colombia 2005 a 2011: un estudio ecológico

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo La sífilis es una enfermedad infectocontagiosa, sistémica, de transmisión sexual causada por la espiroqueta Treponema pallidum. Las intervenciones que disminuyan la incidencia de la sífilis congénita contribuyen con dos de las metas de desarrollo del milenio (MDG). Existen métodos de diagnóstico y tratamiento para manejar la sífilis congénita, aunque, existen variaciones en seroprevalencia y el número de casos anuales mundialmente, la situación sigue siendo preocupante. El objetivo d...

  16. Incidencia de videojuegos en el retraimiento de niños de 6 a 12 años

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    Marcy Jeanette Lancheros Maldonado

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa problemática del uso inadecuado de videojuegos en niños y jóvenes radica en el exceso de tiempo que le destinan y su incidencia en la conducta social. El retraimiento y la sobrededicación de tiempo fueron indicadores relevantes detectados en la investigación, después de realizar pruebas de socialización Bass, que midiendo los aspectos perturbadores y facilitadores de dicha conducta en padres, docentes y niños, llevaron a examinar los niveles de ejercitación y sus posibles implicaciones sociales. El 15,8 % de los menores emplea videojuegos más de cinco horas semanales; además, existe alto retraimiento en 11,8 % de los estudiantes. Investigaciones similares revelan que en general los niños reservan más de dos horas diarias a la televisión o videojuegos frente a los niños cucuteños, que consagran más de cinco horas semanales a esta actividad, incurriendo en mal uso del tiempo. AbstractThe issue of inappropriate use of video games by children and youths is due to the large amount of time spent on this activity and its impact on their social behavior. Withdrawal and time invested in it were relevant indicators identified in the research, after conducting testing socialization Bass, that measuring the disturbing aspects and facilitators of such behavior in parents, teachers and children, led to test for levels of practice and its possible social implications. 15.8 % of children play video games more than 5 hours per week; moreover, there is high withdrawal in 11.8 % of students. Similar research shows that children generally dedicate more than 2 hours a day on television or video games compared with children from Cucuta in Colombia (cucuteños, who devote more than 5 hours per week to this activity, yielding bad use of spare time.

  17. Incidencia de la posmodernidad en la conducta deportiva de los adolescentes mendocinos que estudian en centros estatales y privados

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    Mirta Elena Sánchez García

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Título en inglés: Incidence of postmodernity in the sport habits of the mendocinian adolescents who study in state and private centers. El hombre vive una época caracterizada por una cultura sometida a cambios tan profundos y acelerados, que es difícil evitar la desorientación en todos los ámbitos y niveles de la vida humana. Desde los 60, “estar en el cambio” era signo de “buena onda”. Pero por la perplejidad de esta época de cambios, hoy se habla de un “Cambio de Época”. La Modernidad deja paso a la Posmodernidad. En este trabajo se investigó con un diseño no experimental, transeccional descriptivo y correlacional para indagar la incidencia y los niveles en que se manifiesta la conducta deportiva en adolescentes, cuyos valores están afectados por la crisis de la sociedad posmoderna.Se seleccionó a alumnos del Colegio del Deporte, que realizan práctica deportiva cinco veces por semana y alumnos de la Escuela 4-083 “A. Álvarez”, con dos sesiones semanales. Los resultados no demostraron que la práctica deportiva incida sobre las conductas adolescentes, lo que no permite inferir que el deporte contrarreste los efectos nocivos de la Posmodernidad. Las conclusiones dejan planteados interesantes aspectos del deporte y su práctica.--------------------------------------------------------------------------The man lives in a time characterize by a culture under such deep and accelerated changes that is difficult avoiding the disorientation in all ranges and levels of the human life. From 60’ s “being in the change” was sign of “coll.”. But because of the perplexity of this time of changes today we speak abait a charge of time. The Modernity leaves way to the Postmodernity. This work, was investigated with a non experimental, transeccional descriptiveard correlative design in order to question the incidence of the levels in wich the sport behavior of teenagers is reflect which values are affected by the

  18. Incidencia de la certificación ISO 9001 en los indicadores de productividad y utilidad financiera de empresas de la zona industrial de Mamonal en Cartagena

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    José Morelos Gómez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo de investigación presenta los resultados de evaluación de indicadores de productividad de las em- presas certificadas en ISO 9001 y su incidencia en la utilidad financiera de las empresas de la Zona Industrial Mamonal en Cartagena. En la metodología utilizada se calcularon los indicadores de productividad y financieros, a las 25 empresas certificadas en calidad. Seguidamente, se utilizó la técnica de análisis multivariante de datos, para explicar la pertenencia y discriminación de cada grupo de indicadores de productividad y financieros, te- niendo como resultado el mejoramiento en la eficiencia productiva de los indicadores razón utilidad bruta/valor agregado (IP1 y razón utilidad neta/capital de trabajo (IP4 entre 2006 y 2010, y por ende la positiva incidencia de estos indicadores en las utilidades financieras, margen bruto (MB y margen operacional (MO.

  19. La incidencia del comportamiento de la víctima en la responsabilidad penal del autor (hacia una teoría unívoca

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    Camilo Iván Machado Rodríguez

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Se propone el estudio de la incidencia del comportamiento de la víctima en la responsabilidad penal del autor, realizándose una breve descripción de las diferentes posturas dogmáticas que se han suscitado en la doctrina jurídico-penal en torno a la relevancia del comportamiento de la víctima. Esta ponencia pretende unificar criterios, y por tanto, dar una solución unívoca a la incidencia del comportamiento de la víctima en el injusto penal. Dicha solución la encuentro en un criterio común, sustentado en el derecho a la autonomía de la voluntad, con el que se puede sistematizar la figura dogmática clásica del consentimiento, proponiéndose un entendimiento de la misma, desde la óptica de la teoría de la imputación objetiva, y para ello, se incluye el consentimiento como una causa de ausencia de la imputación objetiva, en su modalidad de criterio delimitante del riesgo permitido.

  20. La incidencia del comportamiento de la víctima en la responsabilidad penal del autor (hacia una teoría unívoca

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    Camilo Iván Machado Rodríguez

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Se propone el estudio de la incidencia del comportamiento de la víctima en la responsabilidad penal del autor, realizándose una breve descripción de las diferentes posturas dogmáticas que se han suscitado en la doctrina jurídico-penal en torno a la relevancia del comportamiento de la víctima. Esta ponencia pretende unificar criterios, y por tanto, dar una solución unívoca a la incidencia del comportamiento de la víctima en el injusto penal. Dicha solución la encuentro en un criterio común, sustentado en el derecho a la autonomía de la voluntad, con el que se puede sistematizar la figura dogmática clásica del consentimiento, proponiéndose un entendimiento de la misma, desde la óptica de la teoría de la imputación objetiva, y para ello, se incluye el consentimiento como una causa de ausencia de la imputación objetiva, en su modalidad de criterio delimitante del riesgo permitido.

  1. Incidencia de desnutrición en pacientes quirúrgicos diabéticos y no diabéticos en el servicio de cirugía general

    OpenAIRE

    O. M. Solóirzano-Pineda; F. A. Rivera López; B. Rubio-Martínez

    2012-01-01

    Objetivos: La desnutrición en los pacientes hospitalizados tiene una prevalencia del 30% al 50%. Incrementando la tasa de morbilidad y mortalidad. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la incidencia de desnutrición en pacientes diabéticos y no diabéticos en el servicio de cirugía general. Métodos: Estudio observacional prospectivo, longitudinal mediante evaluación del estado nutricional por medio de VGS, CONUT, MNA. Resultados: 384 pacientes: 97 quirúrgicos diabéticos, incidencia de desnu...

  2. Uso de modelos epidemiológicos para estimar la incidencia de caries dental y enfermedad periodontal en embarazadas chilenas Use of epidemiological models to estimate the incidence of dental caries and periodontal disease in Chilean pregnant women

    OpenAIRE

    G Corsini Muñoz; C Zaror Sánchez; C Vallejos Vallejos

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de caries y enfermedad periodontal en embarazadas chilenas mediante un modelo de incidencia, prevalencia y mortalidad (IPM). Material y Método: Se construyó un modelo IPM con la prevalencia estimada en la Encuesta Nacional de Salud del año 2003 y los datos del Estudio de Carga de Enfermedad en Chile en el año 2007. Para efectos de estimar la población de mujeres embarazadas, se utilizó como variable de aproximación, los partos por edad de las mujeres según l...

  3. Desarrollo de una plataforma de resolución de incidencias informáticas mediante la aplicación del estándar voicexml y las tecnologías web

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Ayuste, Víctor Javier

    2014-01-01

    Este Proyecto Fin de Carrera consiste en el desarrollo de una herramienta que ayude a resolver sencillas y rutinarias incidencias informáticas, tanto a nivel doméstico como profesional. Esto se conseguirá a través de la ayuda de un asistente que conseguirá identificar el motivo de la incidencia, y a continuación ofrecerá una serie de sencillos pasos para ayudar al interlocutor a solucionarlo. Esta herramienta ofrece una comunicación multimodal, permitiendo al usuario interactuar con la her...

  4. Tuberías de asbesto en los acueductos: ¿Existe o no relación con la incidencia de cancer gastrico en Costa Rica?

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    Darner A Mora Alvarado

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available A nivel mundial existe controversia debido al uso de tubería y estructuras de asbesto en acueductos y su posible relación con la incidencia de cáncer gástrico (CG. En Costa Rica, en los últimos 10 años, el Ay A ha sido denunciado en dos ocasiones ante los Tribunales de Justicia; la primera, por el uso de este tipo de tuberías en el acueducto de Palmares y la segunda en Nicoya. En razón de estas controversias, el presente trabajo tiene como objetivo general analizar si existe o no asociación estadística entre la incidencia de CG y la presencia de tuberías de asbesto en los sistemas de abastecimiento de agua potable en cada cantón de Costa Rica. Para cumplir con este objetivo, la metodología utilizada se divide en dos etapas (una descriptiva y otra analítica. En la primera, se describen las tasas de incidencia de CG/100.000 hab. en los 81 cantones del país, gracias a la información del Registro Nacional de Tumores; estos datos se agrupan en cuatro grupos de incidencia de CG, por cantones, a saber: muy alta ("MA", alta ("A", baja ("B" y muy baja ("MB" en el período 1994 - 2001. Se realizaron estudios del conteo de fibras de asbesto en aguas de nueve acueductos urbanos: Nicoya, Liberia, Hojancha, Puntarenas, San Ramón, Palmares, San Isidro de Pérez Zeledón, Tejar de El Guarco y la Fuente Chigüite en Tres Ríos de La Unión. En la etapa analítica se aplicó el marco uniforme a un estudio retrospectivo de casos y controles, en donde los cantones con tuberías de asbesto en sus acueductos conforman el grupo de estudio y los que no 10 tienen, el grupo control; a estos se les realiza una Prueba de Hipótesis al 95% de fuerza de asociación estadística entre el uso de estructuras asbesto y CG, además de un análisis de conglomerados de CG en comunidades con o sin acueductos con tubería de asbesto, en el período 1990 - 1997. Los resultados indican que no existe relación estadísticamente significativa entre las comunidades que se

  5. Modelado físico de la incidencia de un chorro de aire sobre una superficie de agua

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    Zenit, R.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The use of gas jets (oxygen plays a key role in several steelmaking processes as in the Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF or in the Electric Arc Furnace (EAF. Those jets improve heat, mass and momentum transfer in the liquid metal, mixing of chemical species enhancing and govern the formation of foaming slag. In this work experimental measurements were performed to determine the dimensions of the cavity formed at the liquid free surface caused by a gas jet impinging on it; also velocities vectors were measured in the zone affected by the gas jet. Cavities were measured from images from high speed camera and the vector maps were obtained with a Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV technique. Both velocities and cavities were determined as a function of the main process variables: gas flow rate, distance of the nozzle from the free surface and lance angle. Cavity dimensions were statistically processed treated as a function of the process variables and also as a function of the proper dimensionless numbers that govern these phenomena. It was found thatWeber and Froude numbers govern the cavity geometry. Liquid flow driven by the jet is mainly affected by the air flow rate, lance height and angle.El uso de chorros de gas (oxígeno es fundamental en diversos procesos de aceración, como el Horno Básico de Oxígeno (BOF, por sus siglas en inglés o en el Horno Eléctrico de Arco (EAF. Estos chorros mejoran la transferencia de calor, masa y cantidad de movimiento en el metal y el mezclado de especies y son muy importantes en la formación de escoria espumosa. En este trabajo, se realizaron mediciones experimentales de las dimensiones de la cavidad formada en la superficie líquida por la incidencia de un chorro, así como también se obtuvieron vectores de velocidad en la zona aledaña a dicha cavidad. Éstas, se midieron usando una cámara de alta velocidad, mientras que los mapas vectoriales se obtuvieron por la técnica PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry. Las

  6. Las Remesas Internacionales y su incidencia en el Desarrollo Humano en San José Chiltepec, Oaxaca: Un estudio exploratorio

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    Beatriz Acosta Uribe

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios migratorios han focalizado una buena parte de su interés en las remesas y su posible impacto en las comunidades receptoras. La literatura especializada ha señalado y tipificado los rasgos esenciales del fenómeno, así como la importancia que tienen éstas en el desarrollo económico de México, fundamentalmente a partir de la dimensión regional. Sin embargo, poco se sabe sobre la relación entre las remesas y el Desarrollo Humano en los lugares de alta y mediana intensidad migratoria. Hoy en día existe un consenso en los trabajos de investigación sobre remesas en el sentido de que éstas se han constituido en un importante factor para incrementar los niveles de consumo y la adquisición de bienes duraderos por parte de los familiares de los migrantes (Canales, 2006. No obstante, es imperativo explorar y medir la potencial incidencia de las remesas en el mejoramiento de la calidad de vida de las personas que las reciben. En este sentido, el Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD ha definido el Desarrollo Humano como el proceso de ampliación de las capacidades para elegir de los individuos, y cuyo objetivo es expandir la gama de oportunidades para que las personas puedan vivir una vida saludable, creativa y con los recursos para desenvolverse adecuadamente en su entorno social (PNUD; 2009. El presente trabajo retoma tal perspectiva y examina el papel que desempeñan las remesas en el Desarrollo Humano en San José Chiltepec, Oaxaca, localidad enclavada en la cuenca alta del río Papaloapan y de reciente incorporación al fenómeno migratorio. Se analizó la variable de remesas del "Cuestionario de Salud de los Migrantes y sus Familias de la Región Papaloapan, aplicado en los meses de octubre-diciembre de 2008 en la cabecera municipal (Acosta, Ruiz, Flores, Martínez y Padilla, 2008. Se exploraron aspectos relativos a la dimensión del Desarrollo Humano en relación al uso que dan los familiares de los migrantes a

  7. From a market economy to a government monopoly precious metals of Serbia and Bosnia between Venice and the Ottoman empire (15th-16th century

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    Bojović Boško I.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The production of precious metals in the Balkans reached its climax in the 15th century. It was exported mostly by Ragusa, basically for the Venice Mint. According to the available documents it can be estimated that the traffic of such metals carried out via Ragusa was between 11060 kg in 1425, and an optimum estimation of 25 tons annually for the first half of the century. The Ottoman occupation of Serbia and Bosnia in the middle of the century marks the end of the exportation of raw materials indispensable to the European monetary economy, which lacked precious metals for mints. The production as well as the coining of the Balkan precious metals took place within the closed circuit of the Ottoman economic autarchy. Notwithstanding all the efforts of the central administration, including a highly developed legislation, and in spite of the development of a big mining centre of Siderokapsia (Eastern Macedonia, the production of precious metals continued to decline in the 15th century. This economic phenomenon led to the financial crash that marked the beginning of the recurring financial and economic crises in the Ottoman Empire at the end of the 16th century. The contribution of the precious metals from the Balkans to the European monetary economy at the end of the Middle Ages has not been sufficiently studied by the specialists in economic history, and it has not been taken into account regarding the spectacular decline of the Ottoman economy and power.

  8. Situación del cáncer en España: incidencia State of cancer in Spain: incidence

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    G. López-Abente

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Se estima que actualmente se diagnostican en España unos 162.000 casos de cáncer al año (sin contar el cáncer de piel no-melanoma de los que 25.600 corresponden a carcinomas colorrectales, que es el tumor más frecuente de todos en términos absolutos. El siguiente tumor en frecuencia es el cáncer de pulmón con 18.800 casos nuevos, seguido del cáncer de mama en mujeres con 15.979 casos. Cuando se compara la incidencia de cáncer con la de los países de nuestro entorno, en hombres España presenta unas tasas ajustadas superiores a las del promedio de la UE, ocupando el 5º lugar. Sin embargo, en mujeres, España muestra las tasas de incidencia más bajas junto con Grecia. Para el cáncer de vejiga en hombres, España ocupa el primer lugar, con tasas bastante superiores a las del resto de países. Es importante constatar el incremento que está sufriendo la incidencia de cáncer en España y el contraste que supone frente a la evolución de la mortalidad. Para muchas localizaciones tumorales importantes (pulmón, estómago, vejiga, los registros poblacionales no cubren las provincias con una mayor mortalidad.It is estimated that at present in Spain around 162,000 cases of cancer are diagnosed each year (without including non-melanoma skin cancer, of which 25,600 correspond to colorectal carcinomas, which is the most frequent of all tumours in absolute terms. The next tumour in terms of frequency is lung cancer with 18,800 new cases, followed by breast cancer in women with 15,979 cases. When the incidence of cancer is compared with that in neighbouring countries, Spain shows adjusted rates in men higher than those of the average for the EU, occupying the 5th place. However, in women, Spain shows the lowest rates together with Greece. Spain occupies the first place for cancer of the bladder in men, with rates that are considerably higher than those of the rest of the countries. It is important to verify the increase underway in the incidence

  9. Frecuencia e incidencia de la tromboembolia venosa en un hospital general Frequency and incidence of venous thromboembolism in a general hospital

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    Juan A. Mazzei

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la frecuencia y la incidencia de la tromboembolia venosa (TEV, objetivamente diagnosticada, en un hospital universitario argentino. Se utilizó un diseño retrospectivo, observacional y longitudinal. Se analizaron las historias clínicas de todos los pacientes mayores de 16 años que habían egresado o fallecido en las unidades de internación clínica, obstétrica y quirúrgica del Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín con el diagnóstico de TEV durante un período de 24 meses. La frecuencia y la incidencia de TEV fueron 0.92% y 0.40% (intervalo de confianza de 95% (IC95%: 0.37 a 0.42% respectivamente. La incidencia más alta de TEV se presentó en la novena década de la vida (0.80%; IC95%: 0.78% a 0.82%. Solamente el 31% de los pacientes que desarrollaron TEV durante la internación habían recibido tromboprofilaxis con heparina. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria global de los pacientes con TEV fue 19%.The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE in an Argentine universitary hospital. We used a longitudinal, retrospective, observational design. Participants were all over-16 year patients who were discharged or died in clinical, obstetrical and surgical units in the Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín during a 24 month period between July 1, 2001 and June 30, 2003, with a diagnosis on release of VTE. VTE frequency reached 0.92% and incidence was 0.40%; 95% confidence interval (95% CI: 0.37 to 0.42%. Incidence was highest in the 9th decade of life (0.80%; 95% CI: 0.78% to 0.82%. Only 31% of patients who developed VTE during hospitalization had received thromboprophylaxis. Total in-hospital mortality of VTE patients was 19%.

  10. Incidencia de la hipertransaminemia marcada en un departamento de salud de la comunidad valenciana (período 2002-2003

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    Esther Castillo-Gómez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La hipertransaminasemia (HT marcada es una situación no infrecuente en la práctica clínica, que suele interpretarse como lesión hepática aguda primaria. Los objetivos del estudio fueron determinar la incidencia, tasa de mortalidad y etiología de la HT marcada en la población general, y su utilidad como indicadora de daño hepático agudo primario. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo los pacientes con HT marcada (ALT >400 U/L atendidos durante un periodo de 2 años en los centros sanitarios del Departamento 11 de la Comunidad Valenciana. Se revisaron las historias clínicas informatizadas y los resultados de los diversos exámenes complementarios efectuados, analizándose diversas variables: diagnóstico clínico y evolución, otros parámetros bioquímicos de función hepática, y marcadores de serología infecciosa y autoinmunidad. Resultados: Se identificaron 414 pacientes con HT marcada (incidencia de 88 casos/100.000 hab./año, de los cuales 73 fallecieron (tasa de mortalidad de 16 fallecidos/100.000 hab/año. De las veinte etiologías encontradas, las más frecuentes fueron la colestasis extrahepática (28,3%, la hepatopatía hipóxica (14,6% y la sepsis (11,9%. El valor predictivo positivo de la HT marcada como indicador de lesión hepática aguda primaria fue del 27,7%. Conclusiones: La HT marcada es una alteración de notable incidencia en la población general y que lleva asociada una elevada tasa de mortalidad. Su etiología es muy diversa, aunque predomina la de origen extrahepático.

  11. Incidencia, etiología y epidemiología de la brucelosis en una área rural de la Provincia de LLeida

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    Alvarez Jordi Serra

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: Este estudio investiga, de forma prospectiva, la incidencia, la etiología y el perfil epidemiológico de la brucelosis humana en las comarcas del Pallars Jussà y Sobirà (Lleida, durante el período 1995-1998. Métodos: Fueron estudiados 55 pacientes diagnosticados de brucelosis. Se registró información sobre el sexo, edad, municipio de residencia, riesgo ocupacional, contacto con animales y consumo de productos lácticos no higienizados, y se obtuvieron muestras de sangre para hemocultivo. Resultados: Se registraron 10, 14, 15 y 16 casos para los años 1995, 1996, 1997 y 1998 respectivamente, y las tasas medias acumuladas fueron de 52 en el Pallars Jussà y de 129 en el Pallars Sobirà. El número de casos fue cuatro veces superior en hombres (81,8% que en mujeres (18,2% (RR: 4,4; IC95% 2,2-8,7. La incidencia máxima se produjo en los meses de Marzo-Abril y la mínima en los meses de verano. El 71% de los pacientes desarrollaba una actividad profesional de riesgo y hubo un claro predominio del mecanismo de contagio directo (71%. La especie animal más frecuentemente considerada fuente de infección fue la ovina (65%, seguida de la bovina (47% y de la caprina (25%. En el Pallars Jussà hubo predominio ovino (OR: 0,3; IC95% 0,1 - 0,9 y en el Pallars Sobirà de bovino (OR: 6,6; IC95% 1,8 - 26,2. Se aislaron 27 cepas de Brucella sp, correspondiendo todas ellas a la especie melitensis. Conclusiones: La incidencia de la zoonosis en las comarcas estudiadas ha aumentado durante el período 1995-1998. Los resultados del estudio configuran un perfil epidemiológico característico de enfermedad profesional. El agente etiológico ha sido Brucella melitensis con claro predominio de la biovariedad 1.

  12. El impacto de la exposición a plaguicidas sobre la Incidencia de Cáncer de mama. Evidencia de Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santamaría-Ulloa, Carolina

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El cáncer de mama (CM es el más prevalente y la principal causa de muerte por cáncer en las mujeres alrededor del mundo. El bajo porcentaje de casos relacionado con el historial reproductivo o la genética sugiere que el ambiente puede estar jugando un rol en su etiología. Se ha hipotetizado que la exposición a plaguicidas puede tener un efecto importante. Objetivo: Este estudio ecológico prueba si la incidencia de CM en Costa Rica está relacionada con la exposición ambiental a plaguicidas (EAP, controlando por acceso a servicios de salud, fecundidad, edad al primer embarazo y nivel socioeconómico. Métodos: Se corrió un modelo de regresión de Poisson. Se utilizaron técnicas de análisis espacial para probar si había autocorrelación espacial, y también se utilizó regresión con pesos geográficos. Resultados: La EAP tuvo una asociación directa y estadísticamente significativa con CM en mujeres de 45 años o más. La Razón de Tasas de Incidencia para la EAP fue de 1,29. Es decir, que después de controlar por otros factores de riesgo, mover un distrito al siguiente decil de EAP estuvo asociado con un incremento del 29% en la incidencia de CM para mujeres de 45+. La EAP fue significativa en algunas áreas rurales después de controlar por otros factores. Conclusiones: Parece que sí existe una relación entre el cáncer de mama y los plaguicidas. Debido a que esta exposición es prevenible, es importante el debate sobre este tema de salud pública. Poner más atención a las consecuencias a la salud que derivan de la exposición ambiental implicaría un cambio hacia la aplicación del principio precautorio. No se pueden extraer conclusiones de causalidad a partir de un estudio de tipo ecológico, como el presente.

  13. El estrés académico incidencia del sistema de enseñanza y función moduladora de las variables psicosociales en la salud, el bienestar y el rendimiento de los estudiantes universitarios

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz García, Francisco Javier

    1999-01-01

    La presente Tesis Doctoral se centra en el estrés académico o estrés del estudiante, un problema que, pese a su notable incidencia en la vida cotidiana de un amplio sector de la sociedad, no ha recibido, a nuestro modo de ver, la suficiente atención por p

  14. Incidencia de un ambiente de aprendizaje blended, en la transformación de competencias matemáticas en estudiantes universitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andres Chiappe

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo describe una investigación que da cuenta de la incidencia de un Ambiente Virtual de Aprendizaje (AVA en el fortalecimiento de algunas competencias matemáticas en estudiantes universitarios. La investigación permitió contrastar el estado de desarrollo de varias competencias matemáticas en estudiantes universitarios de primer semestre, antes y durante una experiencia de interacción en un Ambiente Virtual de Aprendizaje, como complemento de un curso presencial de Geometría. Los resultados obtenidos en la investigación permitieron identificar algunas transformaciones en los estudiantes, sobre todo en su capacidad de identificar, plantear y resolver problemas, en sus habilidades para comunicarse de manera oral y escrita y en su capacidad de aplicación de los conocimientos matemáticos al campo de la Ingeniería Civil.

  15. Incidencia de potyvirus y caracterización molecular de PVY en regiones productoras de papa (Solanum tuberosum L. de Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Miguel Cotes

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Incidence of potyvirus and molecular characterization of PVY in potato (Solanum tuberosum L. growing regions of ColombiaTítulo corto: Incidencia de potyvirus en cultivos de papa de Colombia ResumenLos problemas virales reducen los rendimientos y la calidad del tubérculo semilla en cultivos de papa de todo el mundo. Esta investigación se planteó con el fin de evaluar los niveles de incidencia de potyvirus en diez de las principales regiones cultivadoras de papa de los departamentos de Antioquia, Boyacá, Cundinamarca y Nariño (Colombia, y las características genotípicas del virus Y de la papa (Potato virus Y, PVY, seleccionado por ser el potyvirus más limitante de este cultivo. Para la evaluación de la incidencia se utilizaron pruebas de Elisa con anticuerpos que reconocen epítopes comunes a los potyvirus, mientras que las pruebas moleculares incluyeron el análisis filogenético de secuencias parciales del gen de la cápside viral de 33 aislamientos, así como la secuenciación de una porción de los extremos 5´ y 3´del genoma de dos cepas colombianas de este virus. Los resultados confirmaron la presencia de potyvirus en los cultivos de los cuatro departamentos evaluados, con una incidencia promedio del 72%, siendo este nivel superior al 56% en todas las zonas evaluadas. Los análisis moleculares del PVY, permitieron asociar las cepas colombianas estudiadas con las razas PVYN y la variante PVYNTN, esta última responsable de la enfermedad conocida en el mundo como PTNRD (Potato tuber necrotic ringspot disease. Palabras clave: cápside, Elisa, RT-PCR, secuenciación.  AbstractPotato viruses are responsible for significant reductions in seed quality and crop yields around the world. In this study, we evaluate the levels of incidence of potyvirus in ten potato growing regions of Colombia from the provinces of Antioquia, Boyacá, Cundinamarca and Nariño. As PVY is the most limiting potyvirus in potato farming, a molecular

  16. Incidencia de la tecnología en la logística situación actual: sector alimentación (PACKAGING)

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Nieves, Mickel Idalino

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo tiene como fin mostrar la Incidencia de la tecnología en la Logística situación actual: sector alimentación (packaging). A partir del siglo XX las tecnología ha jugado un papel determinante en el desarrollo de la Logística, ambas han ido de la mano a través de los años, pero es en las últimas tres décadas donde más se puede apreciar los aportes, tales como: la automatización de almacenes, código de barras para seguir la trazabilidad, Tics, entre otros, los cuales han reduc...

  17. Procesos de segregación y polarización escolar: la incidencia de las políticas de zonificación escolar

    OpenAIRE

    Miquel Àngel Alegre; Ricard Benito; Isaac Gonzàlez

    2008-01-01

    En este artículo se presentan algunos resultados de una investigación que, a partir de los datos recogidos en 10 municipios catalanes, analiza la incidencia de diferentes políticas de zonificación escolar -es decir, las políticas de preferencia de asignación de plaza escolar a través de la delimitación de zonas de influencia de las escuelas- sobre la segregación y la polarización de la red escolar. Mediante los índices de segregación escolar y los índices de polarización escola...

  18. Incidencia y tipo de efectos adversos durante el procedimiento de hemodiálisis Incidence and type of adverse effects during the haemodialysis procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estela María Matarán Robles

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La seguridad del paciente constituye hoy día una prioridad para las principales organizaciones de salud como la Organización Mundial de la Salud, organismos internacionales como la Unión Europea, el Consejo de Europa, autoridades sanitarias, sociedades profesionales y organizaciones de pacientes. Objetivo: Describir las incidencias y tipos de efectos adversos derivados de la hemodiálisis en una unidad de nefrología. Metodología: Diseño: Estudio transversal en una unidad de hemodiálisis de 28 camas. Variables: como variable dependiente se consideró la presencia de efectos adversos y tipología, para ello se utilizó la Clasificación Internacional para la Seguridad del Paciente. Análisis estadísticos: se realizó una descripción de la muestra, para ello se utilizaron tanto los gráficos (histogramas, diagramas de barras y dispersión como los porcentajes, medias, desviaciones típicas, medianas, etc. Resultados: Durante el periodo a estudio se practicaron un total de 4.797 procedimientos de hemodiálisis, en un total de 681 sesiones produjeron efectos adversos, lo que supone una tasa de incidencia de 141,96 cada 1.000 diálisis. En cuanto a la gravedad el 97,5% de los efectos adversos fueron clasificados como leves, frente al 1,8% y 0,7% que fueron considerados como moderados y graves respectivamente. Conclusiones: Nuestra tasa de incidencia y gravedad de los efectos adversos es similar a la de otros centros. Este estudio nos permite identificar los problemas de seguridad en nuestra Unidad y en una segunda fase realizar un protocolo conjunto, que nos permita disminuir la tasa de incidencia actualmente existente. La hipotensión fue el efecto adverso más frecuente.Introdution: Nowadays patient safety is a priority for the main health organizations such as the World Health Organization, international bodies such as the European Union, the Council of Europe, healthcare authorities, professional associations and patient

  19. Incidencia de la tecnología blanda y la tecnología dura en el desarrollo industrial de la biotecnología en colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Guevara Cely, Liliam; Castellanos, Óscar Fernando

    2011-01-01

    La biotecnología ha sido considerada según el Programa Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología como área estratégica para el progresa tecnológico, por su incidencia en diversos sectores de la economía nacional. Para que su desarrollo sea armónico es necesario incorporar herramientas que conduzcan a un manejo eficiente de factores tecnológicos, económicos y administrativos. La gestión tecnológica en los procesos biotecnológicos es estratégica para tal fin y será exitosa en la medida que se comprenda ...

  20. Incidencia y Distribución de Rhizoctonia solani Kühn, en el cultivo de Vigna unguiculata L. Walp. (fríjol caupí

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    Vilma López-Cruz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo se realizó durante las campañas de siembra 2008-2009 y 2009-2010, en 12 localidades de la provincia de Holguín, en el cultivo de Vigna unguiculata L. Walp (fríjol caupí; con el objetivo de determinar los porcentajes de incidencia y distribución de Rhizoctonia solani Kühn, en cuatro variedades comerciales, 12 localidades y dos campañas de siembra. Los muestreos se llevaron a cabo en campos de 4ha por localidad, en 3 fases fenológicas del cultivo, aplicándose las Metodologías de Señalización y Pronóstico propuestas por el Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones de Sanidad Vegetal (INISAV, 1989. Para evaluar el patógeno se utilizó una escala de daño modificada propuesta por el Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT, Colombia 1987 y las formulas de Townsend y Hauberger (1963. De los resultados obtenidos se infiere que los porcentajes de distribución y los índices de infección comenzaron a ser superiores a partir de los 30-40 días de establecido el cultivo, encontrándose sus mayores valores a los 60 días para todos los casos, las localidades que alcanzaron los mayores valores de incidencia y distribución del patógeno fueron Arroyo Seco, Boca, Cristino Naranjo y la Guanina y de las variedades evaluadas la var. Titán fue la que mostró mayor tolerancia al ataque del patógeno, seguida por la IITA- Precoz, mientras que la INIFAT-93 y la Carita tradicional fueron las más susceptibles

  1. Diagnostics of common microdeletion syndromes using fluorescence in situ hybridization: Single center experience in a developing country

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurtovic-Kozaric, Amina; Mehinovic, Lejla; Stomornjak-Vukadin, Meliha; Kurtovic-Basic, Ilvana; Catibusic, Feriha; Kozaric, Mirza; Dinarevic, Senka Mesihovic; Hasanhodzic, Mensuda; Sumanovic-Glamuzina, Darinka

    2016-01-01

    Microdeletion syndromes are caused by chromosomal deletions of less than 5 megabases which can be detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). We evaluated the most commonly detected microdeletions for the period from June 01, 2008 to June 01, 2015 in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including DiGeorge, Prader-Willi/Angelman, Wolf-Hirschhorn, and Williams syndromes. We report 4 patients with DiGeorge syndromes, 4 patients with Prader-Willi/Angelman, 4 patients with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, and 3 patients with Williams syndrome in the analyzed 7 year period. Based on the positive FISH results for each syndrome, the incidence was calculated for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. These are the first reported frequencies of the microdeletion syndromes in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. PMID:26937776

  2. Diagnostics of common microdeletion syndromes using fluorescence in situ hybridization: single center experience in a developing country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amina Kurtovic-Kozaric

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Microdeletion syndromes are caused by chromosomal deletions of less than 5 megabases which can be detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH. We evaluated the most commonly detected microdeletions for the period from June 01, 2008 to June 01, 2015 in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including DiGeorge, Prader-Willi/Angelman, Wolf-Hirschhorn, and Williams syndromes. We report 4 patients with DiGeorge syndromes, 4 patients with Prader-Willi/Angelman, 4 patients with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, and 3 patients with Williams syndrome in the analyzed 7 year period. Based on the positive FISH results for each syndrome, the incidence was calculated for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. These are the first reported frequencies of the microdeletion syndromes in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  3. Diagnostics of common microdeletion syndromes using fluorescence in situ hybridization: single center experience in a developing country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurtovic-Kozaric, Amina; Mehinovic, Lejla; Stomornjak-Vukadin, Meliha; Kurtovic-Basic, Ilvana; Catibusic, Feriha; Kozaric, Mirza; Mesihovic-Dinarevic, Senka; Hasanhodzic, Mensuda; Glamuzina, Darinka

    2016-01-01

    Microdeletion syndromes are caused by chromosomal deletions of less than 5 megabases which can be detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). We evaluated the most commonly detected microdeletions for the period from June 01, 2008 to June 01, 2015 in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including DiGeorge, Prader-Willi/Angelman, Wolf-Hirschhorn, and Williams syndromes. We report 4 patients with DiGeorge syndromes, 4 patients with Prader-Willi/Angelman, 4 patients with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, and 3 patients with Williams syndrome in the analyzed 7 year period. Based on the positive FISH results for each syndrome, the incidence was calculated for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. These are the first reported frequencies of the microdeletion syndromes in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. PMID:26937776

  4. Incidencia, duración y determinantes de la infección por virus de papiloma humano (VPH en una cohorte de mujeres colombianas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Molano

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Ciertos tipos de VPH son los agentes etiológicos de cáncer cervical, lesiones tempranas y ulceras genitales (1-4. Las infecciones por VPH tienen alta prevalencia y se transmiten por contacto sexual (5-6. Los datos publicados sobre incidencia son en mujeres jóvenes pero son escasos los datos en mujeres de mediana edad (7-10. Se sugiere que los VPH de alto riesgo tienen mayor duración que los de bajo riesgo (7-11.

    Para examinar estos aspectos se presentan los datos sobre una cohorte de 2,200 mujeres seguidas desde Noviembre de 1993 a julio del 2001 en Bogotá, sexualmente activas, entre 13-85 años de edad. Se realizó detección y tipificación del VPH mediante PCR estándar GP5+/GP6+ e inmunoensayo enzimático (EIA. Para el cálculo de la incidencia se usaron métodos de persona-tiempo, asumiendo que la infección se presentó en la mitad de periodo entre la última visita negativa a VPH y la siguiente positiva.

    Para este análisis se tomaron 1,610 mujeres después de excluir las infecciones prevalentes. La duración media de seguimiento por paciente fue de 4,1 años (Rango intercuartil RIQ 3.2-5.0, la mediana de seguimiento fue de 7 meses (RIQ 6.0-12.0, más del 65% de las mujeres tenían 4 visitas y la edad media fue de 32,3 años (RIQ 26,5-39,2. La incidencia para infección por VPH fue de 6,2 por 100 personas-año, siendo la incidencia mayor para los tipos de alto riesgo que para los de bajo riesgo.

    Los tipos de mayor incidencia fueron los VPH 16, 58, 31 y 18. La curva de incidencia por edad mostró una forma bimodal, con un pico de incidencia de 15-19 años, que decrece hasta alrededor de los 50 años, cuando presenta un pequeño incremento

  5. Estudio de incidencia de la intimidación y el maltrato entre iguales en la educación secundaria obligatoria mediante el cuestionario CIMEI (Avilés, 1999) –Cuestionario sobre Intimidación y Maltrato Entre Iguales–

    OpenAIRE

    Avilés Martínez, José María; Monjas Casares, Inés

    2005-01-01

    El estudio mide la incidencia del bullying en cinco centros de ESO de Valladolid con un cuestionario de evaluación. Se obtienen resultados de incidencia de victimización e intimidación entre el alumnado, sus formas y diferencias respecto al sexo y la edad entre los 496 alumnos que contestan. Se exploran condiciones ambientales y grupales del bullying y la atribución causal de los participantes. Las autopercepciones del alumnado muestran que la incidencia es como en otras investigacion...

  6. Tendencia de la incidencia de los tumores hepáticos en la infancia Incidence trends of hepatic tumors in childhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Mejía-Aranguré

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar la tendencia de la incidencia de los diferentes tumores hepáticos en niños residentes en el Distrito Federal. Material y métodos. Encuesta hospitalaria. Se realizó un análisis de dos bases de datos. La primera tiene registrados todos los casos de tumores hepáticos que se encontraron entre el periodo de l982 a 1991, de hospitales que atienden a niños con cáncer, residentes en la Ciudad de México. La segunda base de datos tiene registrados todos los casos de tumores hepáticos que se encontraron de 1996 a 1999 en el Hospital de Pediatría Centro Médico Nacional (CMN "Siglo XXI" y en el Hospital General del Centro Médico Nacional "La Raza", del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS. Se calcularon las tasas de incidencia anual promedio (TIAP por cada tipo de tumor hepático. Las tasas fueron estandarizadas por el método directo, usando como población de referencia a la mundial estándar menor de l5 años. La tendencia se evaluó con las tasas de incidencia anuales y se calculó la tasa de cambio promedio que emplea la distribución de Poisson. Resultados. Durante el periodo de 1982 a 1991 la TIAP para hepatoblastoma fue el triple en hombres con 0.6 x 10(6. El grupo más afectado fue el de 1 a 4 años.(Para los hepatocarcinomas la TIAP fue de 0.14 para el sexo femenino, siendo el doble que la del sexo masculino. Para el periodo de 1996 a 1999 la TIAP para hepatoblastomas fue de 5.11 en mujeres y de 1.85 en hombres. El grupo de edad con la tasa más alta fue el de mujeres menores de un año. Para hepatocarcinomas la TIAP fue de 0.64 para hombres y de 1.23 en mujeres. El grupo de edad más afectado fue el de hombres de 10 a 14 años. No se observó tendencia significativa al incremento o decremento en la incidencia de hepatoblastomas. Para hepatocarcinomas hubo una tasa de cambio de 10%, pero tampoco fue significativa. Conclusiones. No existe en la Ciudad de México una tendencia en la incidencia de los tumores hep

  7. Incidencia y patrones de transmisión de rubeola en México Incidence and transmission patterns of rubella in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Díaz-Ortega

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Describir los cambios en los patrones de transmisión de rubeola en México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se analizó la incidencia durante el periodo 1990 a 2005 y se calcularon la tendencia por regresión lineal simple y el corredor endémico por transformación logarítmica de la media geométrica de las tasas de incidencia mensual y recorridos superior e inferior por IC95%. RESULTADOS: La morbilidad mostró una tendencia estable de 1990 a 1998 y descendente de 1999 a 2005 (r=-0.88, r²=0.77, con disminución acumulada de 97.1%. Además, se observaron la atenuación de la variación estacional, la interrupción transitoria de transmisión en 13 estados y el aumento de la proporción de casos en personas de 15 a 44 años y menores de un año, después del inicio de la vacunación antes de los siete años y de la estrategia combinada de inmunización (niños y adultos, respectivamente, con reducción de la incidencia en ambos grupos. CONCLUSIONES: El reforzamiento de la vigilancia y la vacunación sistemática y suplementaria favorecerá la interrupción endémica y la propuesta de su eliminación continental para 2010.OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in the transmission patterns of rubella in Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An analysis of rubella incidence during 1990-2005 was performed to estimate the morbidity trend through a simple linear regression model. Endemic mapping was carried out by logarithmic transformation of the geometric mean of monthly incidence rates and 95% CI to estimate high and low endemic ranges. RESULTS: A stable trend was observed in morbidity during 1990-1998 ,descending during 1999-2005 (r=-0.88, r²=0.77, with a 97.1% cumulative decrease. Attenuation during seasonal variation, temporary interruption of transmission in 13 states and increase in the proportion of cases in 15-44 year-olds as well as in children less than one year of age, have been observed respectively after starting vaccination of children less than

  8. Incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in Latin America Incidencia y mortalidad de cáncer cervical en América Latina

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    Silvina Arrossi

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Cervical cancer incidence and mortality estimates for 2000 are presented for the 21 Latin American countries, using estimates from the statistical package GLOBOCAN 2000. Additional data on time-trends are also presented, using the WHO mortality database. By the year 2000, some 76 000 cervical cancer and almost 30 000 deaths were estimated for the whole region, which represent 16% and 13% of the world burden, respectively. Thus, Latin American countries are among those with highest incidence rates in the world, together with countries from Sub-Saharan Africa, South and South East Asia. Variation in incidence among countries is large. Very high rates are found in Haiti (ASR 93.9 per 100 000, Nicaragua (ASR 61.1 per 100 000 and Bolivia (ASR 58.1 per 100 000. It seems unlikely that differences in risks in the region can be explained as the result of screening activities. Several descriptive studies carried out to evaluate the screening programmes in Latin America have pointed out problems related to insufficient coverage and frequency of screening. Other related problems include inadequate collection and reading of cytological samplings as well as incomplete follow-up of women after the test. The main challenge for Latin America countries remains on how to organize effective screening programmes, and for this, a real and urgent commitment from public health services and decision-makers in the region is needed.Se presentan estimaciones de la incidencia y de la mortalidad por cáncer cervical para los 21 países latinoamericanos en el año 2000. Se utilizaron el paquete estadístico GLOBOCAN 2000 y las bases de datos de mortalidad de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. En el año 2000, al menos 76 000 casos incidentes de cáncer cervical y 30 000 muertes se estimaron para la Región en general, lo cual representa 16 y 13% del total del mundo, respectivamente. Por lo tanto, los países de América Latina se encuentran en un área geográfica con

  9. VAŽNOST STRATEŠKIH CILJEVA ZA PODUZE Ć A U BOSNI I HERCEGOVINI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinko Primorac

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as in many transition countries, many companies were unprepared for the negative effects that occurred after global economy crises in 2008. In the current harsh economic conditions, entrepreneurs are forced to reconsider their ways of doing business, and to determine its strategic objectives and their importance for survival of businesses. The aim of this paper is to analyze empirical research and to determine which strategic objectives entrepreneurs consider most important for the success of the business. The research was conducted using a questionnaire on a sample of companies from Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  10. Justice, Accountability and Social Reconstruction: An Interview Study of Bosnian Judges and Prosecutors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlson, Kerstin Bree; Fletcher, Laurel; Weinstein, Harvey;

    2000-01-01

    This study of judges and prosecutors in Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter "BiH") is the first report in a multi-year study undertaken by the University of California, Berkeley, Human Rights Center regarding the relationship between justice, accountability and reconstruction in the former...... the economy, to ensure fairness and accountability in judicial proceedings and to prosecute war criminals. ... Only one Bosnian Serb legal professional stated unequivocally that the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina was the supreme law of the land. ... If all sides to the conflict are equally...

  11. SNAGE I SLABOSTI FRANŠIZNOG POSLOVANJA SA OSVRTOM NA BOSNU I HERCEGOVINU

    OpenAIRE

    Goran Pejaković

    2013-01-01

    The subject of the research is to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of a franchise business with a particular emphasis on the development of the franchise in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The main goals of this paper are to identify the main obstacles in the development of the franchise in Bosnia and Herzegovina and recommendation of measures to improve this business model to take advantage of its great features. Franchising is a business model that is in most cases based on a win-win relati...

  12. Violencia en parejas jóvenes: primeros datos sobre incidencia de victimización y perpetración en Asturias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Rodríguez Pérez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se presentan los resultados, de carácter descriptivo, del estudio sobre la incidencia y tipología de conductas violentas en parejas jóvenes. Se  recogen datos de 740 alumnos y alumnas de 3º y 4º de E.S.O. y 1º y 2º de bachiller de nueve centros públicos de Asturias. El 43,8% de los participantes son chicos y el 55,9% son chicas. El 80,7% de las chicas y el 80,9% de los chicos ha tenido alguna pareja, bien en el pasado o actualmente.Para la recogida de información se ha elaborado un cuestionario compuesto por 62 ítems que reflejan conductas concretas, representando estas las distintas tipologías de violencia física, psicológica y sexual a través de una escala que indica la frecuencia de cada una de ellas.La mayor incidencia de violencia, tanto ejercida como recibida, corresponde a situaciones de violencia psicológica, seguida de las conductas de agresión física y, por último, aquellas referidas a violencia sexual.Los resultados ponen de manifiesto la necesidad de continuar llevando a cabo trabajos que valoren la magnitud de este fenómeno, el cual tiene unas características concretas en un momento vital tan relevante como es la adolescencia. Es durante este período cuando suelen tener lugar las primeras relaciones de pareja, las cuales, en muchas ocasiones, tienen gran influencia en las vinculaciones que se desarrollarán en el futuro. Se señala, como una de las cuestiones claves, los motivos por los que chicos y chicas ejercen o reciben alguna de las acciones especificadas en el cuestionario, pues de la interpretación y el valor que dan a estas situaciones puede depender cómo las afronten y vivan en el marco de sus relaciones interpersonales.

  13. Problemas del sistema de salud en estados de México con alta incidencia de mortalidad materna Problems of the health system in Mexican states with high incidence of maternal mortality

    OpenAIRE

    Mariel Rouvier; Miguel Ángel González-Block; Paola Sesia; Víctor Becerril-Montekio

    2013-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Identificar y priorizar problemas de los sistemas estatales de salud que limitan la eficacia de las intervenciones para prevenir la mortalidad materna. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un mapeo conceptual de los problemas prioritarios percibidos por comunidades de práctica (Cop) en estados con alta incidencia de mortalidad materna. Posteriormente, las Cop revisaron la literatura médica para contrastar los problemas identificados. RESULTADOS: Los problemas priorizados por las Cop se en...

  14. Acceso a la educación en salud y su potencial en la disminución de la incidencia de diarrea infantil en las poblaciones costeras de Yucatán, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Solís

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La educación en salud o pláticas en el ámbito institucional mitiga la incidencia de diarrea infantil. Yucatán es el estado con las mayores tasas de incidencia de diarreas a nivel nacional; el impacto de las pláticas, como parte de un programa de salud, en la incidencia de diarreas ha sido insuficientemente estudiado. Objetivo: Analizar el rol del acceso a las pláticas para prevenir la incidencia de diarreas infantiles. Metodología: Se utilizó el muestreo de encuestas en 151 hogares, se encontró a 187 niños menores de cinco años de edad. El estudio se realizó en tres segmentos muestrales de la zona costera, con diferentes condiciones ambientales: Progreso (puerto urbano concentrado, Celestún (reserva biosfera, turismo, urbanizada y Río Lagartos (turismo, reserva biosfera rural. Se estimó la tasa de prevalencia lápsica de diarrea, los casos fueron las diarreas ocurridas en los 15 días inmediatos previos a la encuesta. Se hizo análisis descriptivos, bivariados, estratificados y la regresión logística binaria. Resultados: Se registró una tasa de prevalencia lápsica de 13.37% (n=25 casos. El análisis logístico multivariado mostró el impacto protector significativo de las pláticas (=-2.105; RM=0.163; y = 0.018 con un efecto que equivale a 6.25 veces menos riesgo de presentar episodios diarreicos. Conclusión: Las pláticas, como política de salud, tienen impacto en la disminución de las diarreas; esto sucede en especial si se llevan a cabo entre los beneficiarios de los programas sociales.

  15. Odonata species and habitats at Livanjsko polje karst wetland area

    OpenAIRE

    Kulijer, Dejan

    2012-01-01

    Karst poljes (or poljes) are specific geological formations of the Dinaric Alps and are important wetland areas of high biodiversity value. The dragonfly fauna of poljes in Bosnia and Herzegovina is poorly researched and mostly unknown. In order to in-vestigate dragonfly species and habitats in these specific and interesting habitats, field research was conducted from April to October 2011 in Livanjsko polje (west Bosnia), the largest periodically flooded karst polje in the world. The number ...

  16. Los grupos “desarrollistas” y su incidencia en el espacio urbano de la ciudad de Córdoba, Argentina (1990- 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Capdevielle

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En el marco de la reactivación económica post crisis del 2001, en la ciudad de Córdoba cobró relevancia y centralidad el accionar de los distintos grupos “desarrollistas” que disponen de un poder diferencial sobre el espacio. Desde el enfoque relacional en que nos posicionamos consideramos que la dinámica y las transformaciones socioespaciales de la ciudad Córdoba no pueden ser comprendidas sin tener en cuenta los intereses, sentidos y estrategias desplegadas por estos grupos. Así, a lo largo del presente trabajo buscamos analizar las continuidades y transformaciones de este sector y su incidencia sobre el espacio urbano. Concluimos considerando que estos grupos se convirtieron en uno de los principales artífices de las transformaciones socio-territoriales. Estas redundaron en una aguda intensificación y mercantilización del suelo urbano consolidando un modelo de ciudad excluyente y privativa para importantes segmentos de la población.

  17. Decisiones estratégicas de creación de valor bajo incertidumbre y su incidencia en la competitividad y la valoración empresarial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Ernesto Muñoz Royo

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Este documento estudia tópicos de la literatura teórica de las decisiones estratégicas tomadas por los ejecutivos bajo condiciones de incertidumbre. De igual manera, el nivel competitivo que cada organización alcance y lo sostenga en el corto, mediano y largo plazo; mismo que debería estar relacionado e integrado a la estrategia y por ende en las decisiones bajo incertidumbre. Los resultados económicos y financieros cuantificados a través del flujo de caja libre descontado permitirán valorar la organización y situarla en una determinada posición con respecto a sus similares de su industria; análisis que será abordado desde la investigación experimental económica. Por tanto, el marco teórico del presente artículo servirá de sustento para la aplicación de una futura investigación experimental; una simulación industrial implicará el estudio integral de las diferentes decisiones y estrategias adoptadas bajo incertidumbre, y su incidencia en los indicadores de competitividad y la creación o destrucción de valor empresarial.

  18. Tercer sector y educación en perspectiva histórica: estudio de la incidencia pedagógica de las redes de sociabilidad organizada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pere SOLÁ

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Se aborda la conceptualización de los factores educativos informales que han de servir al historiador social para analizar las relaciones entre Tercer Sector y educación en el marco del estudio de la incidencia pedagógica de las redes de sociabilidad organizada. La constitución de un censo analítico tan exhaustivo como fuera posible de entidades de un ámbito geográfico concreto (demarcación provincial leridana sirve para investigar en qué medida la sociedad civil se ha dotado de redes asociativas a lo largo de los dos últimos siglos y de qué formas la acción difusa de las asociaciones voluntarias ha ejercido una influencia educativa y cívica potenciadora de la sociedad civil y de sus diversos segmentos menos integrados o desfavorecidos. Avanzar —en este caso desde la historia de la educación— en el análisis del trata- miento educativo y didáctico del Tercer Sector contribuye al diseño de un currícu- lum para una formación avanzada de voluntarios del Tercer Sector y de animadores y profesionales en el ámbito no lucrativo y facilita la optimización pedagógica de los procesos del Tercer Sector.

  19. El matrimonio igualitario en Chile: incidencia de la identificación política en la opinión pública

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Carlos Farias Aguilera

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ¿Cuánto explican las variables sociodemográficas, la familia, la religión y la identificación política, el apoyo al matrimonio igualitario en Chile y cuál de ellas es la que tiene mayor incidencia? ¿Cuánto incide la identificación política en el apoyo al matrimonio igualitario, controlado por el efecto del resto de las variables? Realizando un análisis multivariado, se ha comprobado que la edad es el mejor predictor del fenómeno de estudio –a menor edad, mayor apoyo– seguido de la variable evangélico –mayor rechazo–, además de determinar una relación baja –aunque positiva–, entre la identificación política y el apoyo al matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo. También se desecha la importancia de las variables familiares al no ser estadísticamente significativas para el modelo.

  20. La Organización de Estados Americanos y su incidencia democrática post Trujillo en República Dominicana (1961-1965

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    Mario J. Gallego Cosme

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es una reflexión acerca del convulso pe- ríodo comprendido entre el final del régimen del dictador Trujillo y el final de la Guerra Civil en República Domi- nicana. En este recuento de la historia de este pequeño país caribeño, se revisarán las relaciones de su política exterior con sus principales acontecimientos domésticos. En este sentido se prestará especial atención al importan- te papel de la Organización de Estados Americanos y de los Estados Unidos, ambos actores preponderantes con incidencia en el devenir de las siguientes décadas para los dominicanos. AbstractThis paper focuses on a reflection on the turbulent period between the end of Trujillo’s dictatorial regime and the end of the Civil War in Dominican Republic. Through a historical approach of this period of time in this little Caribbean country, issues regarding the Do- minican foreign policies will be reviewed to link them with major events taking place at domestic level. In this respect, special attention will be provided to the import- ant role of the Organization of American States and the United States, both actors with preponderant influence on setting the course for political actions in the following decades in this country’s history. 

  1. Diseno de una Actividad de Aprendizaje Basada en la Argumentacion Dialogica en un curso Virtual de Biotecnologia y su Incidencia en el Desarrollo de Competencias Cientificas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz Benavides, Fedra Lorena

    El proposito de la investigacion fue evaluar la efectividad de una actividad de aprendizaje basado en la argumentacion dialogica en linea y su incidencia en el desarrollo de competencias cientificas. Se fundamenta en la teoria del aprendizaje socio cultural de Vigotsky (1984), los principios del diseno instruccional de la cognicion situada por Hung y Der-Thang (2001) y como estrategia se aplico la argumentacion dialogica utilizando el Modelo Argumentativo de Toulmin MAT (1984). El diseno experimental comparo dos grupos de estudiantes A y B en el curso virtual de Biotecnologia. El grupo A (experimental) desarrollo la discusion a partir de la estrategia disenada para este estudio y el grupo B (control) realizo la discusion desde las actividades tradicionales. El desarrollo de la competencia argumentativa se valoro con el instrumento de evaluacion para argumentacion dialogica en linea propuesta por Clark y Sampson (2008). La evaluacion de las competencias cientificas se realizo a partir de una postprueba. Los datos fueron analizados con pruebas estadisticas no parametricas. Los resultados de la investigacion, indicaron diferencias significativas en el nivel de la competencia argumental en el grupo experimental en comparacion al grupo control. Igualmente se demostro que existe una relacion positiva entre el nivel de desarrollo de la competencia argumentativa y el nivel de desarrollo de las competencias cientificas.

  2. El libro electrónico y su incidencia en las bibliotecas universitarias y científicas españolas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez-Arranz, Fernando

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The electronic book is already a valuable resource for the patrons of the academic and research libraries. The change and corresponding evolution of the e-book have an influence on the delimitation of its content and development, which is evident throughout the bibliography on the subject. This article analyses the concept and characteristics of the e-book, as well as the impact it has had and still has on Spanish academic and scientific libraries. In addition to this, the changes that motivate the integration and access to the e-book are explained.

    El libro electrónico es un recurso valioso para los usuarios de las bibliotecas universitarias y científicas. La evolución a la que se halla sujeto influye en la delimitación de su concepto y desarrollo, lo que queda patente a lo largo de la bibliografía al respecto. En este artículo se analizan su concepto y características, así como su incidencia y evolución en las colecciones de las bibliotecas científicas y académicas españolas. Se reflexiona, además, sobre los cambios que motivan la integración y el acceso a libros electrónicos.

  3. Los consorcios o alianzas: sus impactos en la salud de los ecosistemas, el bienestar humano y la incidencia política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackeline Siles C.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available El bienestar de las poblaciones en Centroamérica depende de la capacidad de los ecosistemas para brindarles bienes y servicios. En este contexto, se plantea la hipótesis de crear consorcios locales, conformados por organizaciones que trabajan unidas para conservar e incidir políticamente en el manejo sostenible del ecosistema y mejorar la condición de vida de las personas que los habitan. En el desarrollo de los consorcios no existen demasiadas experiencias; de ahí la importancia de evaluar cuál es el impacto de su accionar. La pregunta por responder es: ¿cómo medir el impacto de los consorcios? En este artículo se analiza como desde los medios de vida y los capitales de la comunidad, se genere una metodología que oriente la valoración de los impactos de los consorcios en la salud de los ecosistemas, el bienestar de las poblaciones y la incidencia política de estos.

  4. Hallazgo de la bacteria Helicobacter pylori en agua de consumo humano y su relación con la incidencia de cáncer gástrico en Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Montero Campos

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori es una bacteria que se considera, presente en la mitad de la población humana y es un problema de salud pública a escala mundial. Puede evadir la respuesta inmune que provoca y permanecer durante toda la vida en el humano que la hospeda, sin producir enfermedad; sin embargo, bajo condiciones no bien establecidas en algunas personas, esta relación puede cursar provocando diferentes patologías: gastritis, úlceras, linfoma MALT de células B y cáncer gástrico. La infección ocurre mayormente en países en vías de desarrollo y estrechamente relacionado con factores socioeconómicos.Con respecto al origen, las investigaciones de Helicobacter pylori generalmente se han realizado a partir de muestras directas o indirectas de pacientes humanos. Sin embargo, pocos trabajos en el mundo dan cuenta de su hallazgo en agua y menos en agua de consumo de una población.Para la presente investigación se analizó un total de 122 muestras de agua de consumo de la población de 20 cantones escogidos de zonas de alta y baja incidencia de cáncer gástrico de Costa Rica, donde ya es reconocida en el mundo su alta incidencia, según información estadística del Registro Nacional de Tumores. Se logró el cultivo e identificación molecular de Helicobacter pylori en el 40% de las muestras de agua de las zonas de alta incidencia de cáncer gástrico y enel 7% de las muestras de las zonas de baja incidencia.La investigación mostró una comparación estadística que correlaciona la incidencia de cáncer gástrico con factores geomorfológicos y físico químicos de los suelos donde nace el agua de consumo de las poblaciones de ambas zonas.

  5. Uso de modelos epidemiológicos para estimar la incidencia de caries dental y enfermedad periodontal en embarazadas chilenas Use of epidemiological models to estimate the incidence of dental caries and periodontal disease in Chilean pregnant women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Corsini Muñoz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de caries y enfermedad periodontal en embarazadas chilenas mediante un modelo de incidencia, prevalencia y mortalidad (IPM. Material y Método: Se construyó un modelo IPM con la prevalencia estimada en la Encuesta Nacional de Salud del año 2003 y los datos del Estudio de Carga de Enfermedad en Chile en el año 2007. Para efectos de estimar la población de mujeres embarazadas, se utilizó como variable de aproximación, los partos por edad de las mujeres según la información de los nacimientos registrado por el Instituto de Nacional de Estadística (INE. Los datos fueron ingresados en el programa DisMod para determinar las incidencias y comprobar la consistencia interna del modelo. Resultados: La incidencia de caries estimada por el modelo fue de 86.870 nuevos casos y de 7.983 casos incidentes al año para la enfermedad periodontal, en un universo estimado de 230.831 mujeres embarazadas. Conclusión: Los modelos epidemiológicos son una herramienta útil para determinar la epidemiología de cualquier enfermedad, en donde la estimación de la incidencia constituye un problema y estudios de investigación en campo serían muy costoso, de larga duración y/o en donde la problemática ética del estudio sería inaceptable.Objectives: To determine the incidence of caries and periodontal disease in pregnant Chilean women through an incidence, prevalence and mortality model (IPM. Material and Methods: An IPM model was constructed with the prevalence estimated the National Health Survey 2003 and data from the Burden of Disease study in Chile in 2007. The childbirths by age of women, according to the information from the National Statistics Institute, were used to estimate the population of pregnant women. Data were entered into the DisMod program to determine the incidence and check the internal consistency of the model. Results: The estimated incidence of caries by the model was of 86.870 new cases and 7

  6. Incidencia y características de la esofagitis eosinofílica (EE en adultos Incidence and characteristics of eosinophilic esophagitis in adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Nantes

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available La esofagitis eosinofílica (EE es una enfermedad caracterizada por la infiltración de la mucosa del esófago por eosinófilos, cuya incidencia en adultos parece estar aumentando en los últimos años, de forma similar a lo que ocurre en otras enfermedades de probable etiología inmunoalérgica. Predomina en varones jóvenes y se manifiesta principalmente por disfagia e impactación alimentaria. Su tratamiento se basa en eliminar el alérgeno potencialmente implicado y la administración de corticoides. En el presente trabajo se revisan retrospectivamente los casos de EE diagnosticados en el Hospital de Navarra entre enero de 2002 y agosto de 2008, encontrándose 25 pacientes, lo que supone una incidencia de 2,13 casos/10(5 habitantes/año. Un 72% de nuestros pacientes presentaban disfagia y un 52% historia de impactación del bolo alimentario, encontrándose alteraciones endoscópicas en 23 de los 25 casos. De 24 pacientes estudiados, un 76% manifestaban alergia alimentaria o a neumoalérgenos, lo que apoya el fondo inmunoalérgico de la enfermedad y la necesidad de un estudio alergológico en todos las pacientes con EE. La mayoría de nuestros pacientes (22 de 24 valorados presentaron buena respuesta clínica al tratamiento, que se basó en evitar la exposición al alergeno potencialmente implicado y/o la administración de corticoides (tópicos o sistémicos y/o la administración de inhibidores de la bomba de protones.Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE is a disease characterised by the infiltration of esophageal mucosa by eosinophils, whose incidence in adults seems to have been increasing in recent years, in a way that is similar to what is occurring with other diseases of a probable immunoallergic aetiology. It predominates in young adults and is mainly expressed by dysphagia and esophageal food impactation. Treatment is based on eliminating the allergen that is potentially involved and the administration of corticoids. This article offers a

  7. Incidencia de las demencias en hemodiálisis: Apoyo al cuidador principal Incidence of dementia in haemodialysis: Support for the main carer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Ángeles Sánchez Lamolda

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Las demencias, aparecen cada día con más frecuencia en pacientes con tratamiento de hemodiálisis; la edad de entrada al tratamiento dialítico ha aumentado en los últimos años, influenciada por el aumento de la esperanza de vida. El deterioro en el estilo de vida del paciente afecta tanto a familiares como cuidadores, presentándose una situación compleja y difícil de manejar. En la actualidad, constituye un serio problema de salud con una repercusión social y económica a gran escala, por la pérdida de independencia del paciente y la carga física y psicológica que sufre la familia. Objetivo: Conocer la incidencia de las demencias y su relación con la edad, sexo, nivel de estudios, patologías asociadas. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo y transversal. Para conocer la incidencia de las demencias utilizamos el cuestionario: (short portable mental status questionarire Pfeiffer. Variables: sexo, edad, nivel de estudios, Convivencia, Hipertensión arterial, Diabetes. Resultados: el 28% de los pacientes presentan demencia, 36% se encuentra entre 75-79 años, afectando considerablemente al sexo femenino. El 58% no han terminado los estudios primarios. Hipertensión arterial no es estadísticamente significativa, Diabetes Mellitus aparece en el 48% de los pacientes que presentan demencia. Conclusión: La edad de los pacientes en hemodiálisis ha aumentado considerablemente, dando lugar a la aparición de las demencias, de ahí la necesidad de establecer las intervenciones de enfermería adecuadas para mejorar la calidad asistencial, ofrecer la información adecuada a familiares y cuidadores sobre las medidas a tener en cuenta en cada situación.Dementia appears with increasing frequency in patients undergoing haemodialysis: the age of starting dialysis treatment has increased in recent years, influenced by the increase in life expectancy. The deterioration in the patient's lifestyle affects both relatives and carers, creating a

  8. Incidencia de caídas en un hospital de nivel 1: factores relacionados Incidence of falls in a University Hospital: factors related

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Laguna-Parras

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: las caídas son un riesgo real que acontece en el medio hospitalario, y constituyen un indicador de calidad asistencial. La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS define el término caída como "la consecuencia de cualquier acontecimiento que precipita al individuo hacia el suelo en contra de su voluntad". Objetivo: analizar la incidencia de caídas, el perfil de los pacientes que sufren caídas en el hospital e identificar las posibles causas y efectos de la misma. Metodología: estudio descriptivo sobre las caídas registradas en el Complejo Hospitalario de Jaén durante la estancia hospitalaria. La obtención de datos se hizo directamente por las supervisoras. Se elaboró una hoja de recogida de datos cuyas anotaciones se transmitieron a una base de datos electrónica. Las variables que se recogieron fueron datos de filiación del paciente, fecha y hora de la caída, unidad donde se produce la caída, puntuación escala Morse, caídas previas, circunstancias de la caída, factores relacionados como medicación, trastornos cognitivos, funcionales, factores del entorno, cuidados tras la caída y necesidad de dispositivos de apoyo. Resultados: durante el periodo analizado se notificaron un total de 36 caídas, lo que representa una incidencia del 0,18%. La mayor frecuencia de caídas se ha producido en las unidades de Salud Mental y Cuidados Paliativos. Conclusiones: el estudio de las diferentes variables del registro nos permite afirmar que la mayoría de las caídas que ocurrían en nuestro hospital se producían en pacientes con una edad media de 63 años, no existen diferencias entre sexos, la mayoría tenían un riesgo bajo de caída según la escala Morse, producidas en el turno de tarde, sin caídas previas y que el lugar donde más caídas se produjeron fué en la habitación.Introduction: falls are a real risk that occurs in hospitals; falls are health a care quality indicator. The World Health Organization (WHO defines

  9. Carcinomas invasores triples negativosde la glándula mamaria: incidencia y características clínico-patológicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José L Quirós-Alpízar

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Justificación y objetivo: El comportamiento epidemiológico de los tumores malignos del país ha presentado un cambio en los últimos años; el cáncer de mama ha aumentado su incidencia hasta colocarse como el segundo tumor maligno más frecuente en la mujer y el primero en mortalidad. Este tipo de tumor tiene características que se pueden estudiar con las técnicas de inmunohistoquímica, como son la expresión de receptores en las células neoplásicas (estrógenos, progesterona y el HER2 o receptor 2 del factor de crecimiento epidérmico humano. Los carcinomas que no expresan ninguno de estos tres receptores tienen un peor pronóstico. El estudio tiene como objetivos conocer las principales características de este grupo de tumores denominados triples negativos, y determinar su relevancia dentro del grupo total del carcinoma de mama. Materiales y métodos: Se recolectaron los casos diagnosticados de cáncer de mama en mujeres, en el periodo comprendido entre el 1 de enero y el 31 de diciembre de 2006, en el Hospital San Juan de Dios, en el Servicio de Patología, que dispusieran de estudios inmunohistoquímicos. Se consideró la información acerca de la edad de las pacientes, así como el tipo histológico y grado de diferenciación de cada uno de los tumores. Se separó el grupo correspondiente a los tumores triple negativo y se realizaron los análisis estadísticos por medio del programa Epi Info 3.3.4. Resultados: De una población de 221 pacientes diagnosticadas con cáncer de mama en el periodo mencionado, se presentaron 40 pacientes con cáncer de mama triple negativo, resultando en una incidencia de un 18% (I.C. 95%, 12,79 - 23,40 y una edad promedio de 54 años (I.C. 95%, 50 - 59, con una mediana de 52 y una moda de 48. El cáncer de mama triple negativo tuvo una relación mayor con el tipo histológico ductal infiltrante, con un 67,5% (I.C. 95%, 51,7383,26; seguido por el lobulillar infiltrante, con un 12,5% (I.C.95%, 4,18 - 26

  10. Incidencia de cáncer de mama en mujeres menores de 40 años en el Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga, 2000-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Janeth Uribe Pérez, MD

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: El cáncer de mama es una de las patologías más estudiadas por su alta morbilidad y mortalidad. En Colombia es una de las neoplasias más frecuentes, pero se poseen pocos datos sobre su incidencia, principalmente entre las mujeres menores de 40 años. En el Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga se ha desarrollado un sistema devigilancia epidemiológica poblacional a partir del año 2000. Metodología: Durante los años 2000 a 2004 el Registro Poblacional de Cáncer del Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga (RPC-AMB, captó 895 casos de cáncer de glándula mamaria de los cuales 104 casos son de mujeres menores de 40 años. Estos casos fueron analizados, evaluando la incidencia y características tumorales como morfología, estadio y grado. Resultados: El cáncer de mama en la población de mujeres menores de 40 años del Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga, representa el 11.6% de todos los casos de cáncer de esta localización. Su tasacruda anual específica por rango de edad fue de 11.2 eventos por cada 100,000 mujeres entre los 20-40 años y al ajustarse la tasa para este grupo poblacional se encuentran 2.8 casos nuevos por año. Conclusión: Comparado con las cifras encontradas en otros países, la frecuencia de cáncer de mama en mujeres menores de 40 años de edad en el Área Metropolitana de Bucaramanga es mayor que en Estados Unidos y Brasil y menor que en México, Malasia, China e Irán. ______________________________________________________________________Background: Breast cancer is one of the most studied pathologies due to its higher morbidity and mortality. In Colombia is one of the most common neoplasms, although few data of its incidence is available mainly among women under 40 years. In Metropolitan Area of Bucaramangaepidemiological population surveillance is being developed since 2000. Methods: During 2000 to 2004 the population based cancer registry in Metropolitan Area of Bucaramanga (RPC–AMB, 895 cases of breast

  11. Análisis de la incidencia en el espectáculo deportivo del nuevo reglamento de Fútbol sala (2006 en España

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    Javier Cachón Zagalaz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo consiste en el estudio comparativo de los reglamentos de Fútbol Sala (FS aplicados en España antes y después de 2006. Es decir el que se aplicaba sólo en nuestro país y el que se aplica desde 2006 en todo el mundo con las denominadas “reglas FIFA” (Federación Internacional de Fútbol Asociados. Esta investigación, se sitúa en el marco de las ciencias sociales y del paradigma constructivista y está dentro del ámbito de los deportes colectivos de contacto. Por tanto su interés radica en demostrar que los sujetos relacionados con este deporte (espectadores, aficionados, jugadores; técnicos; árbitros; periodistas; directivos; fisioterapeutas opinan que el espectáculo ha dejado de ser tan atractivo como lo era antes de 2006, dando a conocer públicamente los resultados obtenidos. El estudio surge del conocimiento directo por parte del investigador de la influencia negativa que la aplicación de las reglas de saque de banda y córner han tenido para la adaptación de jugadores, entrenadores y árbitros, así como de su incidencia en la pérdida del espectáculo. Para ello se acomete un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en el que se diseña y aplica un cuestionario ad hoc a los sujetos relacionados con el FS de la primera categoría. Dicho cuestionario de respuestas cerradas se completará con otro de respuestas abiertas a modo de entrevista, y en la aplicación de ambos se llevará un Diario de campo que nos permita observar todas las incidencias que puedan acaecer durante el proceso. Se trata de obtener la información objetiva que demuestre nuestro planteamiento inicial sobre la pérdida de espectáculo en este deporte tras la aplicación de las nuevas reglas de juego. El trabajo presenta la siguiente estructura: Resumen y palabras claves en español e inglés, Introducción y esquema de investigación. Marco teórico que contiene el planteamiento de la investigación y la definición del problema, la justificaci

  12. Incidencia del sector financiero en el conflicto económico: la formación bruta de capital en Colombia y el prime rate

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    Marco Leonardo Penagos Rozo

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El documento discute la incidencia reciente que tiene la tasa de interés norteamericana (Prime Rate en la formación bruta de capital en Colombia. Se desarrolla con base en el modelo Solow-Swan ampliado que fuera presentado inicialmente por Mankiw, Romer y Weil en 1992, y seguido en el mismo año de una versión de Mankiw, Romer y Sala-i-Martin en la cual incorporan las economías abiertas. El soporte teórico está sustentado en Adam Smith, quien da importancia a la seguridad en las naciones que usan el capital; David Ricardo, quien presenta las maneras de la acumulación del capital; Karl Marx, quien interpreta el estímulo a la inversión a partir de la tasa de ganancia y de la tasa de interés; Joseph A. Schumpeter, quien ve en el capital un activo inmediato convertible en dinero; y los keynesianos como Harrod, quienes no consideran la intensidad en la utilización de capital como respuesta al descenso en la tasa de interés, en tanto Keynes sí la considera. El ejercicio conduce al cálculo en el que se define el coeficiente de participación del capital y su depreciación, con el fin de mostrar la relación entre la formación bruta de capital en Colombia y el Prime Rate, y su impacto en la economía.

  13. Incidencia de los recuperadores en las subhuellas de RSU y papel y cartón. El caso de Mar del Plata, Argentina

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    María Cecilia Gareis

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN La Huella Ecológica es un indicador de sustentabilidad urbana cuya estimación se compone de varias subhuellas, entre ellas las de residuos sólidos urbanos y papel y cartón. El enfoque teórico de la Economía Ecológica examina los flujos de energía y materia en el metabolismo de la ciudad siguiendo un análisis circular. En este sentido, los recuperadores cumplen la importante función de reinsertar elementos desechados al ciclo productivo. El objetivo del trabajo es analizar la incidencia de los recuperadores de CURA Ltda. en las subhuellas asociadas al papel y cartón y a los residuos sólidos urbanos de la población del partido de General Pueyrredon. Los resultados muestran que los recuperadores inciden en ambas subhuellas aunque contribuyen muy poco en la disminución de éstas (1,27% subhuella de papel y cartón y 0,6% subhuella de residuos sólidos urbanos. ABSTRACT The Ecological Footprint is an urban sustainable indicator which estimates several subfootprints, including municipal solid waste and paper and cardboard. The theoretical approach of Ecological Economics examines the flows of energy and matter of the city metabolism in a circular analysis. In this context, wastepickers perform an important function reinserting the elements disposed into the production cycle. The study aims to analyze the incidence of the wastepickers (consolidated in CURA Ltda. within subfootprints associated with paper and cardboard and solid waste of the population of General Pueyrredon. The results show that both sub-footprints are affected by wastepikers although they do not contribute significantly reducing them (1.27 % paper and board footprint and 0.6 % MSW footprint.

  14. Los fundamentos epistemológicos de la contabilidad y su incidencia en la formación competitiva del contador público

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    Coloníbol Torres Bardales

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo demostrar que la Contabilidad es una ciencia social, cuyos fundamentos epistemológicos tienen gran importancia en la formación competitiva del contador público y están vinculados a principios, leyes, métodos e hipótesis; elementos que constituyen la estructura de su objeto de estudio y a partir de ellos se sistematiza su teoría. Sin embargo, algunos contadores la consideran como técnica, mientras que otros, como ciencia. Dicha discrepancia se elimina con la epistemología, medio imprescindible para establecer la precisión científica de la Contabilidad. Muchos contadores públicos carecen de preparación epistémica. Su formación profesional es de alto contenido normativo (Normas Internacionales de Información Financiera, US-GAAP, etc., sustentada en experiencias concretas y en la aplicación de leyes y principios para la mejor organización y funcionamiento empresarial, pero sin la base epistemológica ni la aplicación de otros conocimientos que les permitan formarse como investigadores y estar preparados para elaborar y ejecutar proyectos de investigación y obtener resultados de trascendencia científica y social. Los planteamientos formulados servirán como punto de partida para que los profesionales mencionados consideren la epistemología como conocimiento esencial para dar mayor consistencia científica a las áreas que componen la estructura de la ciencia contable y su incidencia en el desarrollo empresarial.

  15. Los fundamentos epistemológicos de la contabilidad y su incidencia en la formación competitiva del contador público

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    Coloníbol Torres Bardales

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo demostrar que la Contabilidad es una ciencia social, cuyos fundamentos epistemológicos tienen gran importancia en la formación competitiva del contador público y están vinculados a principios, leyes, métodos e hipótesis; elementos que constituyen la estructura de su objeto de estudio y a partir de ellos se sistematiza su teoría. Sin embargo, algunos contadores la consideran como técnica, mientras que otros, como ciencia. Dicha discrepancia se elimina con la epistemología, medio imprescindible para establecer la precisión científica de la Contabilidad. Muchos contadores públicos carecen de preparación epistémica. Su formación profesional es de alto contenido normativo (Normas Internacionales de Información Financiera, US-GAAP, etc., sustentada en experiencias concretas y en la aplicación de leyes y principios para la mejor organización y funcionamiento empresarial, pero sin la base epistemológica ni la aplicación de otros conocimientos que les permitan formarse como investigadores y estar preparados para elaborar y ejecutar proyectos de investigación y obtener resultados de trascendencia científica y social. Los planteamientos formulados servirán como punto de partida para que los profesionales mencionados consideren la epistemología como conocimiento esencial para dar mayor consistencia científica a las áreas que componen la estructura de la ciencia contable y su incidencia en el desarrollo empresarial.

  16. Incidencia de la gestión humana en la calidad de la educación básica y media, caso Departamento de Caldas

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    Germán Albeiro Castaño Duque

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El documento presenta los resultados de la investigación “Lineamientos y estrategias desde gestión humana que permitan el mejoramiento de la calidad de la educación básica y media oficial del Departamento de Caldas”, cuyo objetivo fue incidir en el mejoramiento de la calidad en las Instituciones de educación diseñando estrategias desde la gestión humana que apalanquen la efectiva gestión de los directivos docentes de la educación oficial del Departamento de Caldas. Se realizó el trabajo con 26 instituciones educativas que en el proceso de autoevaluación se ubicaron en los niveles más bajos (existencia y pertinencia, según MEN, en 13 municipios de Caldas. Se utilizó la complementariedad de métodos (cualitativo y cuantitativo: en lo cualitativo se recolectaron las percepciones de los rectores de las instituciones educativas sobre calidad de la educación y la incidencia que ellos tienen desde la gestión humana; desde el abordaje cuantitativo se aplicó una encuesta dirigida a todos los actores del proceso. Los resultados se analizan desde cinco dimensiones: percepción de resultados de calidad por parte de los docentes y directivos, desarrollo de competencias según la percepción de los docentes, clima organizacional, gestión educativa y prácticas de alto rendimiento.

  17. Incidencia de factores de riesgo asociados a la anemia ferropénica en niños menores de cinco años

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    Mercedes Silva Rojas

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Se estima que más de 2 mil millones de personas en el mundo presentan déficit de hierro, más de la mitad está anémica y que la población infantil es más susceptible, por tener escasos depósitos y un crecimiento acelerado. Con el objetivo de identificar la presencia de factores de riesgo asociados a la anemia en niños de seis meses a cinco años de edad, en un Consultorio Médico de Familia (CMF del municipio Güines, provincia Mayabeque, se realizó esta investigación. Se efectuó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo, de corte transversal, del 1ro de abril al 30 de septiembre de 2013, con el universo de niños de este grupo de edad, pertenecientes al CMF No1 del Policlínico Docente “Luis Li Trigent” del referido municipio y provincia; y la muestra quedó conformada por 32 niños, a los que se les diagnosticó anemia. El 46,9 % de los niños de seis a 23 meses de edad presentaron anemia con ligero predominio en el sexo masculino (53,1 %. Los factores de riesgo asociados más frecuentes en la muestra de estudio fueron: la anemia materna, 75 %; la no profilaxis a los niños con sales de hierro, 71,9 %; la no lactancia materna exclusiva hasta los seis meses de edad (65,7 % y las infecciones, 81,2 %. La anemia ligera fue más frecuente, 90,6 %. Estos resultados permiten identificar la incidencia de factores de riesgo asociados a la anemia, paso previo para realizar acciones que los modifiquen

  18. Análisis e incidencia del gasto en transporte público de los hogares en las localidades de Usme y Ciudad Bolívar

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    José Armando Hernández Bernal

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A continuación se presenta un documento de trabajoresultado de un proceso investigativo, cuyo principal objetivo es demostrar la incidencia en el gasto de lasfamilias en relación con el transporte público en las localidades de Usme y Ciudad Bolívar de Bogotá desde una perspectiva analítica de manera descriptiva mediante la utilización de un modelo econométrico que nos permita determinar y comprobar la incidenciadel gasto de las familias. Con el fin de lograr el cometido, se diseñó e implementó un instrumento de recolección de datos basado en 619 encuestas efectuadas directamente a los hogares que utilizan el servicio de transporte público colectivo en las localidadesde Usme y Ciudad Bolívar para desplazarsea sus lugares de trabajo o estudio o cumplir con actividadesde su núcleo familiar. El trabajo se sustenta, además, en la elaboración de una reseña histórica del uso del transporte en Bogotá, tomando como base un modelo de consumo de las familias y las últimas tendencias encontradas en el estudio de la economía del transporte, haciendo énfasis en lo relacionado con el transporte público colectivo de pasajeros. Por tal motivo, se encuentran en el desarrollo del trabajolos diferentes aportes de especialistas en el tema del transporte, que ha tomado gran importancia en el desarrollo económico y la búsqueda de bienestar de las familias.

  19. Incidencia de bacteriemia y neumonía nosocomial en una unidad de pediatría Incidence of nosocomial bacteremia and pneumonia in a pediatric ward

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    Gerardo Martínez-Aguilar

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Determinar la incidencia de bacteriemia relacionada con catéter y neumonía asociada a ventilador en niños hospitalizados. Material y métodos. Estudio prospectivo. En el servicio de Pediatría del Hospital General Regional (HGR No 1 del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS, de Durango, México, durante 18 meses, de enero de 1999 a junio del 2000, se implementó un sistema de vigilancia epidemiológica activa para identificar episodios de neumonía y bacteriemia nosocomial de acuerdo a las definiciones operacionales de la Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOM. A los pacientes hospitalizados que por su patología requirieron de ventilación mecánica o de catéter intravenoso central se les hizo seguimiento desde el primer día de exposición hasta la detección del episodio de infección o su retiro. Se efectuaron hemocultivos y cultivos de aspirado traqueal. Se calcularon tasas de incidencia para la neumonía asociada a ventilador y de bacteriemia/sepsis por 1 000 días de exposición con sus respectivos intervalos de confianza al 95%. También se presenta la tasa mensual de la infección por días de exposición por medio de gráficas de control estadístico. Resultados. Se identificaron 47 episodios de bacteriemia/sepsis relacionada con catéter y 44 de neumonía asociada a ventilador. La tasa de incidencia de neumonía fue de 28 eventos por 1 000 días de exposición a ventilador y la de bacteriemia/sepsis fue de 26 eventos por 1 000 días de exposición a catéter intravenoso central. Los microrganismos gram positivos (61.11% predominaron sobre los gram negativos (38.88%. Conclusiones. Este estudio documentó tasas de neumonía y bacteriemia en niños, sustancialmente más elevadas que en otros informes, lo que hace necesario establecer lineamientos para la prevención de infecciones en niños con catéteres intravasculares y sobre los cuidados que requieren los niños sometidos a ventilación mecánica. El texto completo en ingl

  20. Efecto de Lactobacillus casei sobre la incidencia de procesos infecciosos en niños/as Effect of lactobacillus casei on the incidence of infectious conditions in children

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    J. M.ª Cobo Sanz

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Analizar el efecto del consumo continuado de leche fermentada con Lactobacillus casei (DN-114001 (Actimel" sobre la incidencia de los trastornos infecciosos comunes en niños. Ámbito: Población escolar infantil. Sujetos: alumnos de 3 a 12 años de dos centros de educación infantil y primaria de Barcelona. En el estudio participaron un total de 251 niños de ambos sexos. Intervenciones: Se realizó un estudio de intervención nutricional durante 20 semanas con un diseño paralelo, prospectivo, doble ciego y aleatorizado por clusters pragmáticos, en el que participaron los alumnos de dos centros de educación infantil y primaria. Uno de los centros fue asignado a recibir dos unidades diarias de Actimel", y el otro a dos unidades de Placebo. De los 251 niños de ambos sexos que participaron en el estudio, 109 recibieron placebo y 142 recibieron Actimel". Se recogieron las características demográficas y de antecedentes clínicos basales, y se realizaron controles de los síntomas relacionados con los trastornos infecciosos u otras enfermedades a las 12, 16 y 20 semanas. El análisis de los datos se realizó en la población por intención de tratar (ITT, siendo la variable principal la duración de los síntomas respiratorios y gastrointestinales. Resultados: Se encontró una diferencia, aunque no fue significativa, de un día en la mediana de duración total de días con enfermedad a lo largo del estudio (grupo Actimel®: 1 día vs grupo placebo: 2 días. También se observó esta misma diferencia no significativa en la duración de días con enfermedades respiratorias (vías respiratorias altas y bajas y enfermedades gastrointestinales (diarrea, vómitos, dolor de estómago y estreñimiento. Sí se encontró una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en favor del grupo Actimel® en la duración de las enfermedades de vías respiratorias bajas, bronquitis o neumonía y en la duración de la fatiga. Asimismo, se detectó una

  1. Incidencia de las leucemias agudas en niños de la ciudad de México, de 1982 a 1991 Incidence of acute leukemia in children of Mexico City; 1982 to 1991

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    Juan Manuel Mejía-Aranguré

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Medir la tasa de incidencia de las leucemias agudas (LA en las diferentes delegaciones políticas del Distrito Federal y evaluar si existe una tendencia significativa en dichos padecimientos en tales delegaciones. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio longitudinal descriptivo realizado en seis hospitales de la ciudad de México, los que atienden a cerca de 97.5% de todos los niños con cáncer de esta ciudad. Los datos se capturaron de 1995 a 1996, y se analizaron en 1999, en el Hospital de Pediatría del Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Para cada delegación se calcularon la tasa de incidencia anual promedio, la tasa estandarizada y la razón estandarizada de morbilidad (REM con intervalos de confianza al 95% (IC 95%. La tendencia se evaluó con la tasa de cambio promedio. RESULTADOS: Se observó una tendencia al incremento en la incidencia de la leucemia aguda linfoblástica (LAL en cinco delegaciones: Alvaro Obregón, Cuauhtémoc, Gustavo A. Madero, Iztacalco y Venustiano Carranza. En la leucemia aguda mieloblástica (LAM no se notificaron cambios estadísticamente significativos en la incidencia en ninguna delegación política. Sólo con LAM se encontró una REM significativa y correspondió a la delegación Alvaro Obregón (REM= 2.91, IC 95% 1.63 - 4.80. Las REM más altas se encontraron en el sur y suroeste de la ciudad. CONCLUSIONES: Sólo se observó incremento en la incidencia de LAL en cinco delegaciones políticas. La incidencia más alta de LAM se encontró en la delegación Alvaro Obregón.OBJECTIVE: To measure the incidence rate and trend of acute leukemia (AL in political districts of Mexico City. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive longitudinal study conducted at six hospitals that care for nearly 97.5% of all cancer cases among children in Mexico City. Study data were collected in 1995 and 1996, and were analyzed in 1999, at the National Medical Center "Siglo XXI" Children's Hospital

  2. Incidencia del suicidio en las prisiones de Cataluña: análisis descriptivo y comparado Incidence of suicide in Catalan prisons: A descriptive and comparative study

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    A. Bedoya

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La prevención del suicidio en prisión se impone entre los retos más importantes de la sanidad penitenciaria en los países desarrollados. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la incidencia del suicidio en las prisiones catalanas y recoger datos sobre algunas variables investigadas también en otras poblaciones de reclusos. Material y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de los casos de suicidio en los centros penitenciarios dependientes de la Generalitat de Catalunya entre 1990-2005 (n=65. Estudio comparado de la incidencia con los países europeos a partir de datos publicados. Resultados: La incidencia anual media del período es de 59/100.000, octuplicando la tasa correspondiente a la población general. Conclusiones: El ingreso en prisión supone el acontecimiento desencadenante más importante. Otros resultados abren las puertas a nuevas investigaciones.Introduction: The prevention of suicide in prison is one of the most important challenges facing prison health care services in developed countries. The aim of this study is to analyse the incidence of suicide in Catalan prisons and accumulate data about a number of variables that have also been studied in other prison populations. Materials and methods: Retrospective study of suicide cases in prisons administrated by the Catalan Regional Government (Generalitat de Catalunya between 1990 and 2005 (n=65. Comparative study of incidence with European countries using published data. Results: The average annual incidence for the period is of 59/100.000, multiplying by eight the level corresponding to the general population. Conclusions: Entry into prison is the most important event trigger for suicide. Other data open the way to new research.

  3. Victimización Juvenil Sexual Online: incidencia, características, gravedad y co-ocurrencia con otras formas de victimización electrónica

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    Montiel Juan, Irene

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo general de este estudio es contribuir al conocimiento científico sobre el fenómeno de la Victimización Juvenil Sexual Online desde la perspectiva de la Victimología del Desarrollo y proporcionar un marco teórico-empírico desde el que poder desarrollar ulteriores estudios. Principalmente, se pretende conocer su incidencia, características y gravedad en comparación con otras formas de victimización online. Se analizan las diferencias de género y edad, para poder diseñar el patrón de...

  4. Incidencia del alcohol etílico y de sustancias psicoactivas en las muertes acaecidas por accidente de tráfico en el sur de España durante 2004

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    C Pareja; C. Jurado; MP Giménez

    2007-01-01

    El Instituto Nacional de Toxicología y Ciencias Forenses, la Delegación del Gobierno para el Plan Nacional sobre Drogas y la Dirección General de Tráfico tienen firmado un Convenio de colaboración para establecer la incidencia del consumo de alcohol y sustancias psicoactivas en las muertes en accidentes de tráfico, tanto conductores como peatones. En el estudio, objeto de este trabajo, se analizan los resultados de las muestras de sangre obtenidas en las autopsias practic...

  5. Incidencia del suicidio en las prisiones de Cataluña: análisis descriptivo y comparado Incidence of suicide in Catalan prisons: A descriptive and comparative study

    OpenAIRE

    Bedoya, A.; P.A. Martínez-Carpio; V. Humet; M.J. Leal; N. Lleopart

    2009-01-01

    Introducción: La prevención del suicidio en prisión se impone entre los retos más importantes de la sanidad penitenciaria en los países desarrollados. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la incidencia del suicidio en las prisiones catalanas y recoger datos sobre algunas variables investigadas también en otras poblaciones de reclusos. Material y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de los casos de suicidio en los centros penitenciarios dependientes de la Generalitat de Catalunya entre 1990-2005 ...

  6. Tendencias en las tasas de incidencia de cáncer colorrectal en Navarra en el periodo 1990-2005 Incidence rate trends for colorectal cancer in Navarre (North of Spain in the 1990-2005 period

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    J. Etxeberria

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. En España, se ha observado un aumento de la incidencia de cáncer colorrectal (CCR en ambos sexos en los últimos años, posiblemente debido a las mejoras diagnósticas, a la occidentalización de la dieta y al empeoramiento de los niveles de obesidad entre otros. En este trabajo se han estudiado las tendencias de la incidencia de CCR en las diferentes áreas de salud de Navarra (norte de España durante el período 1990-2005. Métodos. Para cada sexo y área, se obtuvieron las tendencias de las tasas de incidencia y los correspondientes intervalos de confianza mediante modelos de P-splines. Resultados. Se observa una tendencia creciente de la incidencia de CCR en la mayoría de las áreas para ambos sexos, siendo menos pronunciada en las mujeres que en los hombres. En la zona centro de Pamplona (la capital se observa una tendencia decreciente para los hombres durante el período estudiado. Conclusiones. Para cambiar las tendencias crecientes observadas en la mayoría de las áreas de la provincia, la prevención primaria es la mejor estrategia. Sin embargo, adquirir estilos de vida saludables tiene resultados a largo plazo por lo que un programa de detección temprana serviría como estrategia de prevención a más corto plazo.Background. In Spain, an increase in the incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC has been observed in both sexes in recent years, probably due to an improved diagnostic, the westernization of dietary habits, and worse obesity levels, among others factors. In this work, CRC incidence rate trends in different health areas in Navarre (northern Spain are studied during the 1990-2005 period. Methods. An estimated incidence trend curve for each health area and the corresponding confidence bands were obtained for each gender using P-spline models. Results. These results show an increasing trend of CRC in most of the areas in both sexes, being less pronounced in women than in men. In the central area of Pamplona (the

  7. Incidencia de enfermedad neumocócica invasiva en Cantabria (1995-2001) e implicaciones para el calendario vacunal Incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease in Cantabria, Spain, (1995-2001) and implications for the childhood inmunization schedule

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    A. González; L.J. Viloria; J.A. Sanz; L. Ansorena

    2003-01-01

    Objetivo: Describir la incidencia de enfermedad neumocócica invasiva en Cantabria en los años 1995-2001. Método: Consulta de los registros del conjunto mínimo básico de datos (CMBD) de los hospitales públicos de Cantabria, así como altas de los hospitales privados, registro de enfermedades de declaración obligatoria (EDO), y diagnósticos microbiológicos e historias clínicas de los niños ingresados en el Servicio de Pediatría del Hospital Cantabria (el hospital de referencia de tercer nivel). ...

  8. Incidencia de la localización en el precio de la vivienda a través de un modelo de red neuronal artificial. Una aplicación a la ciudad de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandez-Duran, Laura; Llorca Ponce, Alicia; Valero Cubas, Soledad; Botti Navarro, Vicente Juan

    2012-01-01

    PROMETEO 2008/051 PROMETEO TIN2008-04446/TIN CONSOLIDER INGENIO 2010 CSD2007-00022 Fernandez-Duran, L.; Llorca Ponce, A.; Valero Cubas, S.; Botti Navarro, VJ. (2012). Incidencia de la localización en el precio de la vivienda a través de un modelo de red neuronal artificial. Una aplicación a la ciudad de Valencia. CT. Catastro. Revista de la Dirección General del Catastro. Abril(74):7-25. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/55336. Senia 7 25 Abril 74

  9. Influencia de la estimulación ovárica durante un tratamiento de fecundación in vitro en la incidencia de aneuploidías embrionarias

    OpenAIRE

    Labarta Demur, María Elena

    2014-01-01

    La baja fecundidad humana podría deberse a la alta incidencia de anomalías cromosómicas embrionarias que justifica que hasta un 70% de las concepciones espontáneas no lleguen a término. La elevada tasa de aneuploidías observada en tratamientos de Fecundación in vitro (FIV) podría ser inherente a la especie humana o estar relacionada con los procedimientos derivados de la técnica, como las condiciones de cultivo in vitro o la estimulación ovárica (EO). Se ha especulado que esta última pudiera ...

  10. El Prácticum en la licenciatura de psicopedagogía de la Universidad de Huelva : implicaciones en la formación del psicopedagogo y su incidencia en la apertura de yacimientos de empleo

    OpenAIRE

    Tello Díaz, Julio

    2007-01-01

    Este trabajo investiga el Prácticum de Psicopedagogía en Huelva, analizando las repercusiones en la formación del alumno, así como las incidencias en la apertura de nuevos yacimientos de enpleo para los titulados de Psicopedagogía. De las conclusiones se destacan: necesidad de considerar el Prácticum como materia formativa de importancia para el alumnado, precisándose según la tipología de instituciones donde se desarrollaron las prácticas; buscar concordancia entre el plan de estudios y ...

  11. estudio de la incidencia real de la depredación del lobo en la ganadería comparando dos métodos científicos

    OpenAIRE

    Urios, Vicente; Vilà, Carles; Castroviejo, Javier

    2000-01-01

    Cuando se estudia la alimentación del lobo por medio del análisis de excrementos y estómagos existe el problema de distinguir las presas consumidas como carroña de las atacadas en vida. En el caso de la incidencia de la depredación del lobo sobre la ganadería esto es especialmente importante. Para ello en el presente trabajo se han comparado los mismos datos obtenidos por dos métodos distintos, por una parte un estudio de alimentación clásico por medio de la recogida de excrementos y por...

  12. Incidencia térmica y lumínica de los pavimentos exteriores en el interior de la vivienda; para clima cálido-húmedo: caso Santo Domingo, Republica Dominicana

    OpenAIRE

    Caminero Peña, Hypatia H.

    2012-01-01

    Los pavimentos exteriores ocupan un porcentaje considerable del área total en las zonas residenciales, lo que confirma la influencia de los mismos como condicionantes para el confort. En esta investigación se tratan las incidencias térmicas y lumínicas de los pavimentos, cómo influyen en el aumento de las temperaturas en las ciudades y, posteriormente en la vivienda, lo que se conoce comúnmente como islas de calor. Un breve análisis tipológico, histórico y científico previamente introducido j...

  13. Incidencia de la emigración familiar en el ámbito escolar y emocional en los niños/as de las provincias de Imbabura y Carchi-Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Suárez, Ma. Fannery; Cuenca, Roberto Carlos; Hurtado, C. Darío

    2012-01-01

    El artículo analiza comparativamente la incidencia de la emigración de uno de los progenitores en las dinámicas familiares, concretamente en las relaciones con los hijos que se quedan en el país de origen; situación que se puede comparar con los niños/as que viven con sus padres. El análisis se realizó mediante un enfoque mixto, que pretende ofrecer unos resultados cuantitativos con variables cualitativas recopiladas en un cuestionario ad hoc, situación que contrasta con los ámbitos emocion...

  14. Incidencia de las funciones estratégica y operativa en el éxito de los proyectos de outsourcing de tecnologías de la información en España (2005-2009)

    OpenAIRE

    Valero Cumplido, Salomé

    2015-01-01

    El Outsourcing de Tecnologías de la Información (TI) ha experimentado un gran crecimiento en los últimos años pero son pocas las investigaciones sobre este tema en España. Esta tesis tiene como objetivo analizar los proyectos de Outsourcing de TI en España, durante el periodo comprendido entre el 2005 y 2009, y descubrir aquellos factores clave del éxito en la implantación de esta estrategia. Para lograrlo, se plantea un modelo teórico sobre la incidencia de la función estratégica (relativa a...

  15. Incidencia del síndrome de caídas en el hogar, estudio realizado en personas mayores en el rango de edad de 60 a 80 años

    OpenAIRE

    Jaqueline Guadalupe Guerrero Ceh; Betty Sarabia Alcocer; Ana Rosa Can Valle

    2016-01-01

    Las personas mayores sufren un cambio drástico en su vida al sufrir una caída, sus expectativas cambian desfavorablemente pues dejan de ser independientes y se vuelven dependientes. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo identificar la incidencia de fracturas como consecuencia de caídas en personas mayores. La metodología utilizada es de enfoque cuantitativo, con alcance descriptivo, diseño no experimental y transversal. La información se obtuvo en un periodo de doce meses, con 300 per...

  16. Incidencia, riesgo y evolución de las fracturas osteoporóticas de cuello de fémur en las mujeres en España, a partir de un modelo de Markov

    OpenAIRE

    Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel; Carmona López, Guadalupe; Hernández Vecino, Ramón

    1998-01-01

    El objetivo de este estudio es estimar la incidencia, por edad y género, de fracturas osteoporóticas de cuello de fémur, así’ como el riesgo de dichas fracturas a lo largo de la vida, en mujeres de diferentes grupos de edad mayores de 45 a–os, y determinar el número de fracturas que pueden esperarse y los años de dependencia funcional atribuibles a las mismas que se generar’an en dicho horizonte temporal, en España. Estas estimaciones posibilitan el cálculo posterior de los costes sociales de...

  17. La distribución del tiempo de los directores de escuelas de Educación Primaria en América Latina y su incidencia en el desempeño de los estudiantes

    OpenAIRE

    Murillo Torrecilla, F. Javier; Román Carrasco, Marcela

    2013-01-01

    El presente artículo recoge los resultados de una investigación cuyos objetivos son determinar la distribución del tiempo que los directores y directoras de América Latina dedican al desempeño de sus funciones, identificar las características del directivo y la escuela que inciden en esa distribución, y determinar su incidencia en el desempeño de los estudiantes de su escuela. Para ello se realizó una explotación de la base de datos del Segundo Estudio Regional Comparativo y Expli...

  18. Utilización de las TIC en el proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje, valorando la incidencia real de las tecnologías en la práctica docente

    OpenAIRE

    Sáez López, José Manuel

    2010-01-01

    UTILIZACIÓN DE LAS TIC EN EL PROCESO DE ENSEÑANZA APRENDIZAJE, VALORANDO LA INCIDENCIA REAL DE LAS TECNOLOGÍAS EN LA PRÁCTICA DOCENTE. USE OF ICT IN TEACHING-LEARNING PROCESS, EVALUATING THE REAL IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING PRACTICE. - Jose Manuel Sáez López Maestro de primaria, Doctorando y profesor asociado. Correo electrónico: RESUMEN: El uso efectivo de las Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación (TIC) en la práctica educativa requier...

  19. Estimación de la Incidencia de Cáncer de Tiroides en Capital Federal y el Gran Buenos Aires (período 2003-2011 Incidences Rates of Thyroid Cancer in Buenos Aires (2003-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo N Faure

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available La incidencia del cáncer de tiroides ha aumentado significativamente en las últimas décadas en el resto del mundo. En Argentina no existe un registro nacional de cáncer por lo que la incidencia del mismo no puede establecerse. Por lo tanto, nuestro objetivo fue estimar la incidencia de cáncer de tiroides en la población de la Ciudad Autánoma de Buenos aires y Gran Buenos Aires así como la relación por género y la histología en el período de 2003 hasta 2011. Asumiendo que la población de afiliados a la Obra Social de la Policía Federal Argentina es representativa de los habitantes de Buenos Aires y el conurbano calculamos que la incidencia es de 6,51 casos/100.000 habitantes/año, con un incremento en 25 años mayor al doble, con predominio del carcinoma papilar frente al folicular.Thyroid cancer incidence has significantly risen worldwide in the last decades. In Argentina, there is no national cancer registry; therefore its incidence can not be established. The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence of thyroid cancer in the population of Buenos Aires City and suburbs, and the relationship between gender and histology over the period 2003-2011. Assuming that the population affiliated to the Social Security of the Argentine Federal Police is representative of the inhabitants of Buenos Aires City and suburbs, we estimate an incidence of 6.51 cases/100,000 population/year, with an increasing incidence of almost double from 1981-1986 to 2003-2011. An increase in papillary thyroid cancer was mainly responsible for this rising trend. Incidence rates were higher for females (11.76/100,000 women compared to those for males (2.65/100,000 men. Among men and women of all ages, the highest rate of incidence was for tumor size < 1 cm.

  20. 76 FR 44890 - Notice of Decision To Authorize the Importation of Garlic From the European Union and Other...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ... published a notice \\1\\ in the Federal Register on March 21, 2011 (76 FR 15279-15280, Docket No. APHIS-2011..., the EU and other countries refers to Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Egypt, Estonia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary,...